CWCOID, N. I:
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People af Cha
CONCORD, N. H.
9 A IL", li 1.' 10,17,
BOOK ABOUT AMERICA.
NORTH AND SOUTH AMERICA.
THE population of America
consists of Indians, whites, and
negroes. The Indians are the
native, or first inhabitants. The
whites are descendants of the
English, French, Spanish, and
other European countries. The
negroes were brought here, as
slaves, from Afkina.
The picture on the opposite
page represents an Indian war-
rior. When the Englh first
settled in New England, the In-
dians were very numerous but
they have sinoe nearly all diap-
The whites in South America
are nearly all descendants of the
Spaniards, and speak their lan-
guage. Here is a picture of two
Brazilian hunters, with the game
over their shoulders, and the
dogs near by them.
W..pte of Chill, In fall Drem.
Nadvt of GUMh AuaewI.
Tins picture represents the
mode of travelling among the
mountains of South America. It
is generally done with mules, as
they will endure a great deal of
fatigue. The above picture
resents the Llama, with a l
Mzmco is in North America.
About half of the people of Mex-
ico are Indians, and the others
are descendants, generally, of
the Spanish people. The above
picture represents a Mexican gen-
tleman on horseback.
THE ESQUIMAUX INDIANS in-
habit the northern part of North
America. Their dress is made
of skins. They live principally
on meat, such as the flesh of the
seal, whale, reindeer, and fish.
They travel with dogs, harnessed
in a sledge. Four or five to a
sledge, as in the picture, will
draw over the snow a very im-
portant load. They are har-
nessed two abreast. The leader
is usually a well-trained dog, and
is guided by the voice of his mas-
ter, being generally perfectly
obedient. Ten dogs, well trained,
will carry ten or fifteen hundred
pounds, at the rate of ten miles
an hour. The leader is very at-
tentive to the words of his con-
ductor, and looks back over his
shoulder to catch his words.
THIT part of America in which
we live is called the United
States. It is a very large coun-
try, and extends from the Atlan-
tic to the Pacific Oceans.
The people of the United States
are called Americans, and are
mostly descendants from the
English. When we first settled
this country, it was occupied by
Indians, who got their living
principally by hunting and fish-
Steamboats, railroads, and
canals extend from one end of
the United States to the other.
The six eastern states are called
New England. The people of
New England are remarkable
for their industry, good morals,
and general intelligence. The
Sabbath is respected, and the
churches well attended. There
are but very few who cannot
read and write.
The people of the United
States appear and dress very
much like the English.
Many of the inhabitants of the
southern states are planters, who
own extensive farms, or planta-
tions, which are cultivated by
slaves. The slaves are negroes,
and form about one third of the
population of some of the states.
The White Mountains, in New
Hampshire, are covered with
snow at the top about nine
months of the year.
The United States have the
largest lakes in the world, and
the longest rivers. The largest
lakes are, Lake Superior, Michi-
gan, Erie, Ontario, Champlain,
and Win-ne-pe-so-ge. The long-
est rivers are Mississippi, Mis-
souri, Ohio, Connecticut, Kenne-
bec, Penobscot, Hudson. Illinois,
and the Wabash.
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