Title Page
 Table of Contents
 The cock and the jewel
 The wolf and the lamb
 The lion and the four bulls
 The frog and the fox
 The ass eatting thistles
 The lark and the young ones
 The cock and the fox
 The fox in the well
 The wolves and the sheep
 The eagle and the fox
 The wolf in sheep's clothing
 The fowler and the ring-dove
 The sow and the wolf
 The horse and the ass
 The wolf, the lamb and the...
 The kite and the pigeons
 The country mouse and the city...
 The swallow and other birds
 The hunted beaver
 The cat and the fox
 The cat and the mice
 The lion and other beasts
 The lion and the mouse
 The fatal marriage
 The mischevious dog
 The ox and the frog
 The fox and the lion
 The ape and the fox
 The dog in the manger
 The birds, the beasts, and the...
 The fox and the tiger
 The lioness and the fox
 The oak and the reed
 The wind and the sun
 The kite, the frog, and the...
 The frogs desiring a king
 The old woman and her maids
 The lion, the bear, and the...
 The crow and the pitcher
 The porcupine and the snakes
 The hares and frogs in a storm
 The fox and the wolf
 The dog and the sheep
 The peacock and the crane
 The viper and the file
 The ass, the lion, and the...
 The jackdaw and peacocks
 The ant and the fly
 The ant and the grasshopper
 The countryman and the snake
 The fox and the sick lion
 The wanton calf
 Hercules and the carter
 The belly and the members
 The horse and the lion
 The husbandman and the stork
 The cat and the cock
 The leopard and the fox
 The shepard's boy
 The fox and the goat
 Cupid and death
 The old man and his sons
 The stag and the fawn
 The old hound
 Jupiter and the camel
 The fox without a tail
 The fox and the crow
 The hawk and the farmer
 The nurse and the wolf
 The hare and the tortoise
 The young man and his cat
 The ass in the lion's skin
 The mountains in labour
 The satyr and the traveller
 The sick kite
 The hawk and the nightingale
 The peacock's complaint
 The angler and the little fish
 The geese and the cranes
 The dog and the shadow
 The ass and the little dog
 The wolf and the crane
 The envious man and the coveto...
 The two pots
 The fox and the stork
 The bear and the bee hives
 The travellers and the bear
 The trumpeter taken prisoner
 The partridge and the cocks
 The falconer and the partridge
 The eagle and the crow
 The lion, the ass, and the fox
 The fox and the grapes
 The horse and the stag
 The young man and the swallow
 The man and his goose
 The dog and the wolf
 The wood and the clown
 The old lion
 The horse and the loaded ass
 The old man and death
 The boar and the ass
 The tunny and the dolphin
 The peacock and the magpie
 The forester and the lion
 The stag looking into the...
 The stag and the ox stall
 The dove and the ant
 The lion in love
 The tortoise and the eagle

Title: Aesop's fables
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00056808/00001
 Material Information
Title: Aesop's fables
Physical Description: Book
Publisher: Leavitt & Allen,
Copyright Date: 1853
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00056808
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: amf3305 - LTUF
002448041 - AlephBibNum

Table of Contents
    Title Page
        Page i
        Page ii
    Table of Contents
        Page iii
        Page iv
        Page v
        Page vi
        Page vii
        Page viii
        Page ix
        Page x
        Page xi
        Page xii
    The cock and the jewel
        Page 1
        Page 2
    The wolf and the lamb
        Page 3
        Page 4
    The lion and the four bulls
        Page 5
        Page 6
    The frog and the fox
        Page 7
        Page 8
    The ass eatting thistles
        Page 9
        Page 10
    The lark and the young ones
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
    The cock and the fox
        Page 14
        Page 15
    The fox in the well
        Page 16
        Page 17
    The wolves and the sheep
        Page 18
        Page 19
    The eagle and the fox
        Page 20
        Page 21
    The wolf in sheep's clothing
        Page 22
        Page 23
    The fowler and the ring-dove
        Page 24
        Page 25
    The sow and the wolf
        Page 26
        Page 27
    The horse and the ass
        Page 28
        Page 29
    The wolf, the lamb and the goat
        Page 30
        Page 31
    The kite and the pigeons
        Page 32
        Page 33
    The country mouse and the city mouse
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
    The swallow and other birds
        Page 38
        Page 39
    The hunted beaver
        Page 40
        Page 41
    The cat and the fox
        Page 42
        Page 43
    The cat and the mice
        Page 44
        Page 45
    The lion and other beasts
        Page 46
        Page 47
    The lion and the mouse
        Page 48
        Page 49
    The fatal marriage
        Page 50
        Page 51
    The mischevious dog
        Page 52
        Page 53
    The ox and the frog
        Page 54
        Page 55
    The fox and the lion
        Page 56
        Page 57
    The ape and the fox
        Page 58
        Page 59
    The dog in the manger
        Page 60
        Page 61
    The birds, the beasts, and the rat
        Page 62
        Page 63
    The fox and the tiger
        Page 64
        Page 65
    The lioness and the fox
        Page 66
        Page 67
    The oak and the reed
        Page 68
        Page 69
    The wind and the sun
        Page 70
        Page 71
    The kite, the frog, and the mouse
        Page 72
        Page 73
    The frogs desiring a king
        Page 74
        Page 75
    The old woman and her maids
        Page 76
        Page 77
    The lion, the bear, and the fox
        Page 78
        Page 79
        Page 80
    The crow and the pitcher
        Page 81
        Page 82
    The porcupine and the snakes
        Page 83
        Page 84
    The hares and frogs in a storm
        Page 85
        Page 86
    The fox and the wolf
        Page 87
        Page 88
    The dog and the sheep
        Page 89
        Page 90
    The peacock and the crane
        Page 91
        Page 92
    The viper and the file
        Page 93
        Page 94
    The ass, the lion, and the cock
        Page 95
        Page 96
    The jackdaw and peacocks
        Page 97
        Page 98
    The ant and the fly
        Page 99
        Page 100
        Page 101
    The ant and the grasshopper
        Page 102
        Page 103
    The countryman and the snake
        Page 104
        Page 105
    The fox and the sick lion
        Page 106
        Page 107
    The wanton calf
        Page 108
        Page 109
        Page 110
    Hercules and the carter
        Page 111
        Page 112
    The belly and the members
        Page 113
        Page 114
    The horse and the lion
        Page 115
        Page 116
    The husbandman and the stork
        Page 117
        Page 118
    The cat and the cock
        Page 119
        Page 120
    The leopard and the fox
        Page 121
        Page 122
    The shepard's boy
        Page 123
        Page 124
    The fox and the goat
        Page 125
        Page 126
    Cupid and death
        Page 127
        Page 128
    The old man and his sons
        Page 129
        Page 130
    The stag and the fawn
        Page 131
        Page 132
    The old hound
        Page 133
        Page 134
    Jupiter and the camel
        Page 135
        Page 136
    The fox without a tail
        Page 137
        Page 138
    The fox and the crow
        Page 139
        Page 140
    The hawk and the farmer
        Page 141
        Page 142
    The nurse and the wolf
        Page 143
        Page 144
    The hare and the tortoise
        Page 145
        Page 146
    The young man and his cat
        Page 147
        Page 148
    The ass in the lion's skin
        Page 149
        Page 150
    The mountains in labour
        Page 151
        Page 152
    The satyr and the traveller
        Page 153
        Page 154
    The sick kite
        Page 155
        Page 156
    The hawk and the nightingale
        Page 157
        Page 158
    The peacock's complaint
        Page 159
        Page 160
    The angler and the little fish
        Page 161
        Page 162
    The geese and the cranes
        Page 163
        Page 164
    The dog and the shadow
        Page 165
        Page 166
    The ass and the little dog
        Page 167
        Page 168
    The wolf and the crane
        Page 169
        Page 170
    The envious man and the covetous
        Page 171
        Page 172
    The two pots
        Page 173
        Page 174
    The fox and the stork
        Page 175
        Page 176
    The bear and the bee hives
        Page 177
        Page 178
    The travellers and the bear
        Page 179
        Page 180
    The trumpeter taken prisoner
        Page 181
        Page 182
    The partridge and the cocks
        Page 183
        Page 184
        Page 185
    The falconer and the partridge
        Page 186
        Page 187
    The eagle and the crow
        Page 188
        Page 189
    The lion, the ass, and the fox
        Page 190
        Page 191
    The fox and the grapes
        Page 192
        Page 193
    The horse and the stag
        Page 194
        Page 195
    The young man and the swallow
        Page 196
        Page 197
    The man and his goose
        Page 198
        Page 199
    The dog and the wolf
        Page 200
        Page 201
        Page 202
    The wood and the clown
        Page 203
        Page 204
    The old lion
        Page 205
        Page 206
    The horse and the loaded ass
        Page 207
        Page 208
    The old man and death
        Page 209
        Page 210
    The boar and the ass
        Page 211
        Page 212
    The tunny and the dolphin
        Page 213
        Page 214
    The peacock and the magpie
        Page 215
        Page 216
    The forester and the lion
        Page 217
        Page 218
    The stag looking into the water
        Page 219
        Page 220
    The stag and the ox stall
        Page 221
        Page 222
    The dove and the ant
        Page 223
        Page 224
    The lion in love
        Page 225
        Page 226
    The tortoise and the eagle
        Page 227
        Page 228
Full Text


SWnAu wDo of

out Ifiuubrtbo asi pitta




IlroeCwOwAth Jwldtbftwe
SThe Wolfdlh" *lA.L. *
Th ULnadthe FmP .eh .4 .s .
4ThP t.oUl dlb, *V':
s The Am n ouqfam. ..1
7 ThbCkshP 1
a TheFoxin btWewo .. Is
gTheWolmuetbShemp ID

1. a Fagle VA the Fox . .
13 WOIn~(i5Dhe~lldOD
itTh. o~h.~
I4Th Hoe dtheAm .
is ThO Wolf, lb.e L b, aod the Goat . .
lit Tb. Kiledthe~L~ooe .
II The CouT r MoKt d the CIty .... . .
lIme D.. llo.. md ohtr Diode *
g9The HuntedDan .w . ... 4
toThe Catdl wAthA Fox .
11 The Cat awd the Mks 4'4
" TheLimand other so."%e 6
23 TheUm ned the lMann 41
14 Tb. Fatal M~onl.. . *
ts The MischivLous Dog ... .A. .
gdThe osodb.FT. I"
T7 The Ou'otheb..L A
IS Th APsOand th.Te FOR
so heBirsth Rs a t . . I.
31 The Fx tb. Tgexadtb..T ... .
MR The Loness wA the Fo::
wk TheOalk and aRead
as4TheWind &Mthe Son. .h~s . 70....

s T KitsteM I tM .th . e .....
s9 The Cnd= .b.!
AThe rcunatnh Iaend the Faoxes.
39 TheICMrm.dpAthO Nl r .h I
4D1 The "E le a .. .
ST. fvlpt.ead thehs .o
46 The ~the s

4 Thed= anead ......
*4 The Mol sadlhel I..
a Th. se a b rnu
aThe m ed lbt a t
a The Westons Celf..
.3IUredes ndlbewtCW t .
M4 The =and mhe dlb eveds
63 The l.saend the LA-


SO the Husbandman snd the Stork . . . . IT
&: The Cat and the Cock . . . . . .
Mq The Leopard and the o . . . . . It
So The Shherd's Bo ...... 1.I
SThe Fox and the oat . .
61 Copk and .ath .... . . . 1
Ol Held M.. and his ..k ... It
r TfI Str and the hr . . t 1
I< TbOhed Hounod h . i s
h JupAter and the Ca . . . .
1the Fox without a Ti . . . . . 137
07 The Fo d the Crow . . . . 1
" The Hak nd the rm . . . 141
09 The Nur and the Wolf . . 143
:o The Hae unl the Tortoi . . . I
71 The Youtn Man nud li i .......... 1 hT
71 The Am, in the I roa'ei Sk .......... .. SI
73 The Mountar it. Labour .. ...... . .
74 The St yrnd the Trltlle. . . . . ... .
71 The ol Kite ......... . . ... . I
7. The Hawk and the Nbilp . . . . . ,
77 The Tutwck't Cnmp int ..... . I
71 The Aner and the Little F.is ....... . .
70 The Gees and the Croes ...... . 1.
At The A.e An tlie Lls e D . . .e . . . 187
Ci Tho e oruo dthrLta Do. ............ .. .
n The Wolf and the Croe . . . . ..
A; The Envioue Mau and tSe Covtous ...... 171
4, The Two Pot .............. 1.
uS The Pox and the Stork. .. .. .. ... 7
i; The Ber and the Bee Hie . . . . 17
Q7 The Tr.eller and the wu . . . . .
SThe hTrumpeter taken PM . . ... . %ll
, The Parined and the Cocks ...... . i
M The Balcomr and the PArtriclip . . . . lS
VI The Eoe and the Crow . . . . . .
)S The Uion, o =4e the Pox ...... . 190
STheFox m theGpe A . . . . Ig
P4 The Hern And the St.a . ..... I
4M The Youno Ma uil eo d l .S.a...... l.I
Io The Mm und hu Gooee ............ I
g7 The DOW and the Wolf ............. .
i T1he Woeduhd tb. Clom .. . . . a
S9 The Old Lio. .....................
loo The Homne W the l.ooed A... ...... 07
ltu The Old Moo nod Death . . . . . .
lto The boer "nd the Am ............. i.
10a Tbe Tunoy dt the Dolph * ...... il
l04 The Pe.cckd Un i Mg . ......... Il
tlo bhe Fore te nd the loa . ........ I?
io The t looking into the Waer ....... aI
1t7 The eo. thboe Stl .......... I
STh Te ..r d the Ear. .... . .... .
ttroheneLtedteoi....i. ..... .....



So much has been already said concerning asop
and his writings, both by ancient and modem au-
thors, that the subject seems to be quite exhausted.
The different conjectures, opinion, traditions, and
forgeries, which from tune to time we have had
given to us of him, would fill a large volume: but
they are, for the most part, so inconsistent and ab-
surd, that it would be but a dun amusement for
the reader to be led into such a maze of uncer-
L..ty: since Herodotus, the most ancient Greek
historian, did not fourish till near an hundred
years after Slop.
As for his Life, with which we ae emistmied in
so complete a manner, before meot of He iOm
of his Fables, it was invented by one M~ Ua-
nudes, a Greek monk; and, if we may .eof him
from that composition,just asjudicious a learned
a person as the rest of his fratemityar at this day
observed to be. Sure there never were so many
blunders and childish dreams mixed up together
as ae to be met with in the short compass of tha
piece For a monk, he might be veqgoS9 and
wise, but in point of andm chehr, he
shows bhnsef to be vey te He
Leop to Babylon, in the lrei f k ycem
king of his own making; o at

vn PrlFACr.
found in any catalogue, from Nabonassar to Alae
wander the Great; Nabonadius, most probably, reign-
ing in Babylon about that time. He sends him into
Etypt in the days of Nectanebo, who was not in
being till two hundred years afterwards; with
some other gross mistakes of that kind, which suffi-
ciently show us that this Life was a work of in-
vention, and that the inventor was a bungling poor
creature. He never mentions .Esop's being at
Athens) though Phaedrus speaks of him as one
that lived the greatest part of his time there; and
it appears that he had a statue erected in that city
to his memory, done by the hand of the famed Ly-
sippus. He writes of him as living at Samos, and
interesting himself in a public capacity in the ad-
ministration of the affairs of that place; yet takes
not the least notice of the Fable which Aristotle*
tells us he spoke in behalf of a famous demagogue
there, when he was impeached for embezzling the
public money; nor does he indeed give us the least
hint of such a circumstance. An ingenious man
might have laid together all the materials of this
kind that are to be found in good old authors, and,
by the help of a bright invention, connected and
worked them up with success; we might have
rwllowed such an imposition well enough, be-
Jfe we should not have known how to contra-
i it: but in Planuded case, the imposture is
.4sbly discovered; first, as he has the unquestion-
ed authority of antiquity against him; secondly
(and if the other did not condemn him,) as he has
introduced the witty, discreet, judicious .sop,
quiblin in a strain of low monastic waggery, and
as archly dull as a ~rountebank's jester.
That there was a Life of Esop, either written or
traditionary, before Anstotle's time, is pretty plain;
and that there was something of that kind extant
in Augustus' reign, I think, as undoubted; since
Phadrus mentlrmmany transactions of his, during

As. Ast. Lib. L chap. st.

his abode at Athens. But it is as certain that PI-
nudes met with nothing of thi. kind: or, at least,
that he met not with the accounts with which they
were furmshed, because of the omissions before
mentioned; and consequently with none on autheD
tic and good. He seems to have thrown together
some merry conceits which occurred to him m the
course of his reading, such as he thought were
worthy of Esop, and very confidently obtrudes
them upon us fob his. But, when at last he brings
him to Delphos (where he was put to death by
being thrown down from a precipice,) that tne Del-
phians might have some colour of justice for what
they intended to do, he favours them with the same
stratagem which Joseph made use of to bring back
his brother Benjamin; they clandestinely convey a
cup into his baggage, overtake him upon the road,
after a strict search find him guilty; upon that
pretence carry him back to the city, condemn and
execute him.
As I would either impose upon others, nor be
imposed upon, I cannot, as some have done, let
such stuff as this pass for the Life of the pa
Esop. Planudes has little authority for any ing
he has delivered concerning him; nay, as fr as
can fad, his whole account, from the beginning to
the end, is mere invention, excepting some few cir-
cumstances; such as the place of his birth, and of
his death; for in respect of the time in which he
lived, he has blundered egregiously, by mention
some incidents as contemporary with jsop, whic
were far enough from being so. Xanthus, his sup-
posed master, puts his wife into a pasn, by
bringing such a piece of deformity io her house,
as our Author is described to be. Vpom this, the
master reproaches the slave for apWtsaiag some-
thing witty, at a time that eee it m
much: and then Esop comes outhlash, with
a satirical reaction upon women taken from Eun-
pides, the famousGreek tragedian. Now Euripides
happened not to be born till about founcore years

vIn PREoACl.
alter Esop's death. What credit, therefore, can
be given to any thing Planudes says of him?
As to the place of his birth, I will allow, with
the generality of those who have written about
him, that it might have been omne town in Phrygia
Major: A. Gelius making mention of him, says,
' Esopus ile, e Phrygia, fabulator.' That he was
also by condition a slave, we may conclude from
what Phledrus* relates of him. But whether at
both Samos and Athens, he does not particularly
mention: though I am inclined to think it was at
the latter only; because he often speaks of hhn as
living at that place, and never at any other; which
looks as if Phuedrus believed that he had never
lived any where else. Nor do 1 see how he could
help being of that opinion, if others of the an-
cients, whose credit is equally good, did not carry
him into other places. Aristotle introduces him
(as I mentioned before) speaking in public to the
Samians, upon the occasion of their demagogue,
or prime minister, being impeached for plundering
the commonwealth.
1 cannot but think Esop was something above
the degree of a slave, when he made such a figure
as an eminent speaker in the Samian state. Per-
haps he might have been in that low condition in
the former part of his lile; and therefore Phedrus,
who had been of the same rank himself might love
to enlarge upon this circumstance, since he does
not choose to represent him in any higher sphere.
Unless we allow him to be speaking- in as public a
capacity to the Athenians, upon the occasion of Pi-
sistratis' seizing their liberties, as we have before
supposed he did to the Samians. But, however,
granting that he was once a slave, we have grej
authority that he was afterwards not only free, bel
:n high veneration and esteem with all that knew

Lb. U. &b. 9. and 14k I UL k. I3
t id. Ab LLk L

hi. especially all that were eminent for wisdom
andvrtae. Plutarch, in his Banquet of the Seven
Wise Men, amung several other ilustrios person,
celebrated for their wit and knowledge, introduce
Esop. And though, in one place, he seems to be
ridiculed by one of the company for being of a
clumsy mongrel shape; yet, ui general, he is re-
presented as very courtly and polite in his beha-
viour. lie rallies Solon, and the rest, for taking
too much liberty in prescribing rules for the con-
duct of sovereign prices; putting them in mind,
that those who aspire to be the friends and coun-
sellors of such, lose that character, and carry mat-
ters too far, when they proceed to censure and
find fault with them. Upon the credit of Plutarch,
likewise, we fix the life of Eaop in the time ol
Cresus, King of Lydia; with whom he was in
such esteem, as to be deputed by him to consult
the Oracle at Delphos, and be sent as his envoy to
I'eriander, king of Corinth; which was about three
hundred and twenty years after the time in which
Homer lived, and five hundred and fifty befiet
Now, though this imaginary banquet of Pl-
tarch does not carry with it the weight of a seri.
ous history, yet we may take it for granted, that
he introduced nothing in his fictitious scene, which
might contradict either the written or traditional
Life of Esop; but rather chose to make every
thing agree with it Be that as it will, this is the
sum of the account which we have to give of him
Nor, indeed, is i material for us to know the little
trifling circumstances of his life; as whether he
lived at Samos or Athens, whether he was a slave
or a free man, whether handsome or ugly. He
has left us a legacy in his writings that will pne
serve his memory dear and perpetual among us
what we have to do, therefore, is to show ourselves
worthy of so valuable a presets and to act, in all
respects, as near as we can O the will and inten-
tion of the door. They who ae overned by

reason, need no other motive than the mere good.
ne of a thing to incite them to the practice of it
But men, for the most part, are so superficial in
their inquiries, that they take all upon trust; and
have no taste for an/ thing but what is supported
by the vogue of others, and which it is inconsistent
with the fashion of the world not to admire.
As an inducement, therefore, to such as these to
like the person and conversation of Esop, I must
assure them that he was held in great esteem by
Most of the great wits of old. There is scarce an
author among the ancient Greeks, who mixed any
thing of morality in his writings, but either quotes
or mentions him.
Whatever his person was, the beauties of his
mind were very charming and engaging; that the
most celebrated among the ancients were his ad-
mirers; that they speak of him with raptures, and
pay as great a respect to him as to any other of the
wise men who lived in the same age. Nor can I
perceive, from any author of antiquity, that he was
so deformed as the monk has represented him. If
he had, he must have been so monstrous and
shocking to the eye, as not only to be a very in.
proper envoy for a great king, but scarce fit to be
admitted as a slave m any private family. Indeed,
from what Plutarch hints of him, I suspect he had
something particular in his mien; but rather odd
than ugly, and more apt to excite mirth than dis-
gust, in those that conversed with him. Perhaps
something humorous displayed itself in his coum-
tenance as well as his writings; and it might be
upon account of both, that he got the name of
I cuTrdilds, as Lucian calls him, and his works
that of rEAora. However, we will go a middle
way; and without insisting upon his beauty, or
giving in to his deformity, allow him to have made
a merry comical figure; at least as handsome as
Socrates; but at tie msme time conclude, that this
particula ty in the frame of his body was so fat
m being of any disadvantage to him, that it gave

a mirthful cast to every tmng he aid, and added
a kind of poignancy to his conversation.
We have seen what opinion the ancients had
of our Author and his writings. Now, as to the
manner of conveying instruction by Fables in
general, though many good vouchers of antiquity
sufficiently recommend it, yet to avoid tiring the
reader's patience, I shall wave all quotations from
thence, and lay before him the testimony of a
modern; whose authority, in point of judgment,
and consequently, in the present case, may be as
readily acknowledged as that of any ancient of
them all. "Fables,"* says Mr. Addison, "were
the first pieces of wit that made their appearance
in the world; and have been still highly valued,
not only in times of the greatest simplicity, but
among the most polite ages of mankind. Jotham's
Fable of the Trees is the oldest that is extant, and
as beautiful as any which have been made since
that time. Nathan's Fable of the poor Man and
his Lamb is likewise more ancient than any that
is extant, besides the abovementioned, and had cs
good an effect as to convey instruction to the ear
of a king, without offending it, and to bring the
man after God's own heart to a right sense of his
guilt, and his duty. We find &sop in the most
distant ages of Greece. And, if we look into the
very beginning of the commonwealth of Rome, we
see a mutiny among the common people appeased
by the Fal'e of the Belly and the Members;t
which wa indeed very proper to gain the atten-
tion of an incensed rabble, at a time when perhaps
they would have torn to pieces any man who had
preached the same doctrine to them, in an open
and direct manner. As Fables took :heir birth in
the very infancy of learning, they never flourish-
ed more than when learning was at its greatest
height To justify this assertion, I shall put my
reader n mid of Hot ice, the greatest wit and

* Sped. No. 18.

t Feb. v.

ustic in the Augustan age; ana of Boileau, the
most correct poet among the modems; not to men
tion La Fontaine, who, by this way of writing, is
come more into vogue than any other author of
our times." After this, he proceeds to give some
account of that kind of fable in which the passions
and other imaginary beings are actors; and con
eludes with a most beautiful one of that sort, of
his own contriving. In another place, he gives us
a translation from Homer of that inimitable fable
comprised in the interview between Jupiter and
Juno, when the latter made use of the girdle of
Venus to recall the affection of her husband; a
piece never sufficiently to be recommended to the
perusal of such of the fair sex as are ambitious of
acquitting themselves handsomely in point of con-
jugal complacence. But I must not omit the ex-
cellent Preface by which the Fable is introduced,
"Reading is to the mind,"* says he, "what exer-
cise is to the body: as by the one, health is pro
arvd, strengthened, and invigorated; by the
other, virtue (which is the health of the mind) is
kept alive, cherished and confined. But, as ex-
ercise becomes tedious and painful when we make
use of it only as the means of health, so reading
is too apt to grow uneasy and burdensome, when
we apply ourselves to it only for our improvement
in virtue. For this reason, the virtue which we
gather from a fable or an allegory, is like the health
we get by hunting, as we aie engage n an agree-
able pursuit that draws us on with pleasure, and
makes us insensible of the fatigues that accom.
pany it"
Tl ler. No. 147.


A u. young Cock, in company with two ot
three pullets, his mistresses, rakng upon a du
for something to entertain them with, happ
scratch up a Jewel He knew what it was w
enough, lor it sparkled with an exceeding bdr
lustre; but, not knowing what to do with it, ended
poured to cover his ignorance under a gay contempt;
so, shrugging up his wings, shaking his bead, and
putting on a grnmace, lie expreed himself to this
purpose:-' Indeed, you ae a very fine thing; but
I know not any busmes you have hee. I maLk
no scruple of declaring that my taste lies ut ano
their way; and I had rather have one iaL dead
delicious barley, than all the Jewels under the .'


There ae several people in the world that pas,
with some, for well accomplished gentlemen, and
very pretty fellows, though they are as great stran-
gers to the true uses of virtue and knowledge as
the Cock upon the dunghill is to the real value of
the JeweL He palliates his ignorance by pretend-
mg that his taste lies another way. But, whatever
gallant airs people may give themselves upon the! e
occasis, without dispute, the solid advantages of
virtue, sad the durable pleasures of learning, are
as much to be preferred before other objects of the
senses, as the finest brilliant diamond is above a
barley-com. The greatest blockheads would ap-
pear to understand what at the same time they
affect to despise: and nobody yet was ever so
vicious, as to have the impudence to declare, in
public, that virtue was not a fine thing.
But still, among the idle, sauntering young fel-
lows of the age, who have leisure as well to culti-
vate and improve the faculties of the mind, as to
dress and embellish the body, how many are there
who spend their days in raking after new scenes
of debauchery, in comparison of those few who
know how to relish more reasonable entertain-
ments! Honest, undesigning good sense is so un-
fashionable, that he must be a bold man who, at
this tine of day, attempts to bring it into esteem.
How disappointed is the youth who, in the midst
if his amorous pursuits, endeavouring to plunder
sl outside of bloom and beauty, finds a treasure
of impenetrable virtue concealed within! And
why may it not be said, how delighted are the fair
sex when, from among a crowd of enpty, frdic,
conceded admirers, they fnd out, and distinui
with eir good opinion, a man of sense, with a
pIn, cted person, which, at first sight, *ey

O s hot, sultry day, a Wolf and a Lamb hap.
opened to come, just at the same time, to quench
their thirst in the stream of a clear, silver brook
that ran tumbling down the side of a rocky
mountain. The Wolf stood upon the higher
ground, and the Lamb at some distance from
him down the current. However the Wol,
having a mind to pick a quarrel with him,
asked him, what he meant by disturbing the
water, and making It so muddy that he could
not drink? and, at the same time, demanded
satisfaction. The Lamb, frightened at this
threatening charge, told him, in a tone as mild
as possible, that, with humble submission, he
could not conceive how that could be; since
the water which he drank, ran down from the
Wolf to him, and therefore it could not be dis-
turbed so far up the stream. Be that s t
"ill,' replies the Wolf, you ar a reMak I
I have been told that you treated me wMr '

language, behind my back, about half a year
ago.'-' Upon my word,' says the Lamb, 'the
time you mention was before I was born.' The
Wolf, ending it to no purpose to argue any
longer against truth, fl into great pasion,
snarling and foaming at the mouth as f he had
been mad; and drawing earer to the Lamb,
'Sirrah,' says eb, 'if it was not you, it was
your Ather, and that i all one.'-So he seized
*' eer innocent helples thing, tore it to pieces,
deb a meal of t.

The thing which is pointed at in this fable Ih
so obvious, that it wil be impertinent to mul-
tiply words about it. When a cruel ill-natured
man has a mind to abuse one inferior to himself
either in power or courage, though he has not
given the least occasion for it, how does he re-
semble the Wolf! whose envious, rapacious ten-
per could not bear to see innocence live quietly
nits neihbourhood. In short, wherever ill peo-
ple are in power, innocence and integrity are
sure to be persecuted: the more vicious the
community is, the better countenance they have
for their own villanous measures. To practe
honesty in bad times, is being liable to suspi.
cion enough; but if any one should dar tc
prescribe it, it is ten to one but he would be im
peached of high crimes and misdemeanors: fa
to stand up for justice in a degenerate and cor-
rupt state, is tacitly to upbraid the governments
and seldom fails of pulling down vengeance upos
the head of him that offers to stir in its defence
Where cruelty ad malice are in combination
with poir nothing is so easy as for them to
And a setee to tyrannize over innocence,
ad easrles an maneu of injustice



Fous Bulls, which had entered into a very
strict friendship, kept always near one another,
and fed together. The Lion often saw them,
and as often had a mind to make one of them his
prey; but, though he could easily have subdued
any of them singly, yet he was afraid-to attack
the whole alliance, as knowing they would have
been too hard for him, and therefore contented
himself, for the present, with keeping at a dif.
stance. At last, perceiving no attempt was to
be made upon them, as long as this combina-
tion held, he took occasion, by whispers and
lnnts, to foment jealousies, and raise divislonu
among them. This stratagm -e sgo
well, that the Bulls grew cea nan lmeV to .
wards one another, whidh se a ripetud
into a downright hatred andItasrslon;t h, at
last, ended in a total separation. The ULr
had now obtained his ends; and, s impossible

as it was for him to hurt them, while they were
united, he found no difficulty, now they were
parted, to seize and devour every Bull of them,
one after another.
The moral of this fable is so well known and
allowed, that to go about to enlighten it, would
be like holding a candle to the sun. "A king-
dom divided against itself cannot stand;" and
as undisputed a maxim as it is, was, however,
thought necessary to be urged to the attention
of mankind, by the best man that ever lived.
And since friendships and alliances are of sc
great importance to our well-being and happi-
ness, we cannot be too often cautioned not t&
let them be broken by tale-bearers and whisper.
ers, or zy other contrivance of our enemies



A Roo, leaping out of a lake, and taking the
advantage of a rising ground, made proclama-
tion to all the beasts of the forest, that he was
an able physician, and, for curing all manner of
distempers, would turn his back to no person
living. This discourse, uttered in a parcel of
hard, cramp words, which nobody understood,
made the beasts admire his learning, and give
credit to every thing he said. At last the Fox,
who was present, with indignation asked him,
.low he could have the impudence, with those
thin lantern-jaws, that meagre pale phiz, and
blotched spotted body, to set up for one who
was able to cure the infirmities of others.

A sickly, infirm look, is as disadvantagfl
in a physician, as that of a rake in a ctle g
man, or a die pish one in a soldier. 9l.L
moral cnutains any thing further, it is, tlha fl

should not set up for rectifying enormities in
others, while we labour under the same o jr-
selves. Good advice ought always to be fol-
lowed, without our being prejudiced upon ac-
count of the person from whom it comes: but
it is seldom that men can be brought to think
us worth minding, when we prescribe cures for
maladies with which ourselves are infected.
" Physician, heal thyself," is too scriptural not
to be applied upon such an occasion; and, if
we would avoid being the jest of an audience,
we must be sound, and free from those diseases
of which we would endeavour to cure others.
How shocked must people have been to hear a
preacher, for a whole hour, declaim against
drunkenness, when his own infirmity has been
such, that he could neither bear nor forbear
drinking; and, perhaps, was the only person in
the congregation who made the doctrine at that
ti.ne necessary! Others too have been very
zealous in exploding crimes, for which none
were more suspected than themselves: but let
such silly hypocrites remember, that they whose
eyes want couching, are the most improper peo-
ple in the world to set up fo ( culists.



A Am was loaded with good provision of
several sorts, which, in time of harvest, he was
carrying into the field for his master and the
reapers to dine upon. By the way he met with
a fine large Thistle, and, being very hungry, be-
fan to mumble it; which, while he was doing, j
entered into this reflection-' How many greedy ,
epicures would think themselves happy, amidst ,. -.
such a variety of delicate viands as I now
carry! But to me, this bitter prickly Thistle is
more savoury and relishing than the most ez-
quisite and sumptuous banquet.'

Happiness and misery, and oftentimes plue
sure and pain, exist merely in our opiate, l'
are no more to be accounted for than the
ence of tastes. "That which Is one a."
meat, is another man's poison," Is a proposio
That ought to No allowed in all prdeulas,

where the opinion is concerned, as well as in
eating and drinking. Our senses must inform us
whether a thing pleases or displeases, before we
can declare our judgment of it; and that is to
any man good or evil,which his own understand-
ing suggests to him to be so, and not that which
is agreeable to another's fancy. And yet, as rea-
sonable and as necessary as it is to grant this,
how apt are we to wonder at people for not
liking this or that, or how can they think so
and so! This childish humour of wondering at
the different tastes and opinions of others, oc-
casions much uneasiness among the'generality
of mankind. But, if we considered things
rightly, why should we be more concerned at
others differing from us i their way of think-
ing upon any subject whatever, than at their
liking cheese, or mustard; one or both of which
we may happen to dislike? In truth, he that
expects all mankind should be of his opinion, is
much more stupid and unreasonable than t6l
Am in the fble.



A .LAJL, who had Young Ones in a feld of
corn which was almost ripe, was under some
feas4st the reapers should come to reap it be-
fore'her young bro9d were fledged, and able to
remove from the police: wherefore, upon flying
abroad to look for food, she left this charge with
them-that they should take notice what they
heard talked of in her absence, and tell her of
it when she came back again. When she was
cone, they heard the owner of the corn call to
hi son-' Well,' says he, 'I think this corn is
ripe enough; I would have you go early to-
morrow, and desire our friends and neighbours
to come and help us to reap it.' When the Old
Lark came home, the Young Ones fll a quiver-
ing and chirping round her and told her what
had happened, beggi her to ream them as
hat u she could. The mother bid ha be
easy; for,' says she, if the aoner #send
upon friends and neighbours I am prepe re

the corn will not be reaped to-morrow.' Next
day she went out again, upon the same occa
lion, and left the same orders with them as be
fore. The owner came, and stayed, expecting
those he had sent to: but the sun grew hot, and
nothing was done, for not a soul came to help
him. 'Then,' says he to his son, 'I perceive
these friends of ours are not to be depended
jpon; so that you must even go to your uncles
ind cousins, and tell them, I desire they would
>e here betimes to-morro* morning to help us
o reap.' Well, this the Young Ones, in a great
right, reported also to their mother. 'If that
be all,' says she, 'do not be frightened, children,
lor kindred and relations do not use to be so
very forward to serve one another; but take
particular notice what you hear said the next
time, and be sure you let me know it.' She
went abroad the next day, as usual; and the
owner, finding his relations as slack as the rest
of his neighbours, said to his son, Hark ye!
George, do you get a couple of good sickles
ready against to-morrow morning, and we will
even reap the corn ourselves.' When the
Young Ones told their mother this,' Then,' says
she, we must he gone indeed; for, when a man
undertakes to do his business himself, it is not
so likely that he will be disappointed.' So she
removed her Young Ones immediately, and the
corn was reaped the next day by the good man
and his son.

Never depend upon the assistance of friends
and relations in any thing which you are able
to do yourself; for nothing Is more fickle and
uncertain. The man, who relies upon another
for the execution of Ian affair of importance, i

rADLt VI. Is
mot only kept in a wretched and slavish suspense
while he expects the issue of the matter, but
generally meets with a disappointment. While
he, who lays the chief stress of his business
upon himself, ad depends upon his own indus-
try and attention for the success of his affairs
is in the fairest way to attain his end: and, if
at last he should miscarry, has this to comfort
him--that it was not through his own negli-
gence, and a vain expectation of the assistance
of friends. To stand by ourselves, as much as
possible, to exert our own strength and vigilance
in the prosecution of our affairs, is odlik, he-
ing the result of a most noble and hihly exalt-
ed reason; but they who procrastinate and
defer the business of life by an idle dependance
upon others, in things which it is in their own
power to effect, sink down into a kind of stupid
abject slavery, and show themselves unworthy
of the talents with which human nature is di*.


TH Fox, passing early one summer's morinn
near a farm-yard, was caught in a spring, which
the farmer had planted there for that end. The
Cock, at a distance, saw what happened;' and,
hardly yet daring to trust himself too near so dan-
gerous a foe, approached him cautiously, and peep-
ed at him, not without some horror and dread of
mind. Reynard no sooner perceived it, but he
addressed himself to him, with all the designing
artifice imaginable. Dear cousin,' says he, you
see what an unfortunate accident has befallen me
here, and all upon your account: for, as I was
creeping through yonder hedge, in my way home-
ward, I heard you crow, a was resolved to ask
yoe how you did before I went any further: but, by
the way, I met with this disaster; and therefore
now I must become an humble suitor to you for a
ni6f to cut this plaguy string; or, at leasq that
you would conceal my miotun till I have
mawed it asunder with my teeth.' The Cock,
s how the case stood, mae no reply, but
po away as fst as he could and pe t far

ime an account ot ue whole matter; who. taking
a good weapon along with him, cane and did the
Fox's business before he could have time to con-
trive his escape.

Though there is no quality of the mind more
graceful in itself or that renders it more amiable
to others, than the having a tender regard to those
who are in distress; yet we may err, even in this
point, unless we take care to let our companion
fow out upon proper objects only. When the in-
nocent fall into misfortune, it is the part of a gener-
ous brave spirit to contribute to their redemption;
or, if that be impossible, to administerso thing
to their comfort and support. But, when wicked
men, who have been enemies to their fellow.
subjects, are entrapped in their own pernicious
schemes, he that labours to deliver them, makes
himself an associate in their crimes, and becomes
as great an enemy to the public as those whom he
wotld screen and protect.
When highwaymen and housebreakers are take,
onde ed, and going to satisfy justice at the ex-
pense of their vile plt lives; who are they that
greve for them, and would be glad to rescue them
from the rope? Not honest men, we may be sure.
The rest of the thieving fraternity would, perhaps,
commiserate their condition, and be ready to mu-
tiny in their favour: nay, the rascally solicitor, who
had been employed upon their account, would he
vexed that his nations had succeeded no bet-
ter, and be afido losing his reputation,
other delinquents, for the future: but every rid
o justice would have no reason to be disstiaed
at any thing but a mournful rejection, which ih
could not frbear making, that, while hram
criminal swing fs some tri hfsI -
rapine, others, so trnscendently theil sepai
fiaud and plunder, escape w'th a whole ithk

PAzts Vm.


A rox having fallen into a Well, made a shift,
by sticking hIn claws into the aides, to keep his
head above water. Soon after, a Wolf came
and peeped over the brink; to whom the Fox
applied himself very eaetly for assistance
entreating that he would help him to a rope, or
something of that kind, which might favour his
escape. The Wolf, moved with compassion at
his dlsfortune, could not forbear expression his
alern Ah! poor Reynrd,' says he, 'Iam
orryfor yo with all my hert how could you
posebly eome into this melan y condidi '
Nay, prihee, friend,' rplies the Fox, iou
wis me wll, do not std pitying of me, ut
led me some sucor ae fast ae you an: for
pity is eoM comfort when on i u to the chin
a wart, -Uithin a hair's bredt of dtary-
ia or dmiWag.'

rABhi VIll. 17

Pity, indeed, is of itself but poor comfort ut
any time; and, unless it produces something
more substantial, is rather impertinently trou-
blesome, than any way agreeable. To stand
bemoaning the misfortunes of our friends, with-
out offering some expedient to alleviate them,
is only echoing to their brief, and putting them
in mind that they are musera le. He Is truly
ny friend who, with a ready presence of mind,
supports me; not he who condoles with me
upon my ill success, and says he is sorry for my
lois. In short, a favour or obligation is doubled
by being well-timed; and he is the best bene-
factor, who knows our necessities, and complies
with our wishes, even before *e ask him.


Tit Wolves and the Sheep had been a long
time in a state of war together. At last a cessa-
tion of qrms was proposed, in order to a treaty
ot utace, and hostages were to be delivered on
botn sides for security. The Wolves proposed
that the Sheep should give up their dogs, on the
one side, and that they would deliver up their
young ones, on the other. This proposal was
agreed to; but no sooner executed, than the
young Wolves began to howl for want of their
dams. The old ones took this opportunity to cry
out, the treaty was broke; and so falling upon
the Sheep, who were destitute of their faithful
guardians. the dogs, they worried poured
them without control.

U all our transactions with mankind, even in
it moet private and low life, we should have
Special regard how, and with whom, we trust
rseelve. Men, In this respect, ought to look

apon each other as Wolves, and to keep them
selves under a secure guard, and in a continual
posture of defence. Particularly upon any
treaties of importance, the securities on both
sides should be strictly considered; and each
should act with so cautious a view to their own
interest, as never to pledge or part with that
which is the very essence and basis of their
safety and well-being. And if this be a just
and reasonable rule for men to govern them-
selves by in their own private affair, how much
more fitting and necessary is it In any conjune-
ture wherein the public is concerned ? If the
enemy should demand our whole army for an
hostage, the danger in our complying with it
would be so gross and apparent, that we could
not help observing it: but, perhaps, a country
may equally expose itself by parting with a
particular town or general, as its whole army;
its safety, not seldom, depending as much upon
one of the former, as upon the latter. In aort,
hostages and securities may be something very
dear to us, but ought never to be given up, If
our welfare and preservation have any depend.
ance upon them.



A Eagle that had you ones, looking out fm
omethin to feed them with, happened to spy a
Fox cub, that lay basking itself abroad in the
srn. She made a stoop, and trussed it immeli-
ately; but before she had carried it quite off, the
old Fox coming home, implored her, with tears in
her eyes, to spare her cub, and pity Uie distress of
a poor fond mother, who should think no affliction
so great as that o( losing her child. The Eagle,
whose nest was up in a very high tree, thought
herself secure enough from all projects of revenge,
and so bore away the cub to her young ones, with
out showing any regard to the supplications of the
Fox. But that subte creature, highly incensed at
this outrageous barbarity, ran to an altar, where
some country people ad been sacrificing a kid in
the open field, and catching up a firebrand in her
mouth, made towards the tree where the Eagle's
est was, with, resolution of revenge. She had
cae ascend the first branches, when the Eagle,
trrided with the approaching ruin of herself and

family, beged of the Fox to desist, and, with
much submission, returned her the cub again ns
and sound.

This fable is a warning to us not to deal hardly
or injuriously by any body. The consideration of
our being in a high condition of life, and those we
hurt, far below us, will plead little or no excuse
bfr us in this case: for there is scarce a creature
of so despicable a rank, but is capable of aveauig
itself some way, and at some tune or other. When
great men happen to be wicked, har little scruple
do they make of oppressing their poor neighbours!
They are perched upon a lty station, and have
built their nest on high; and,haing outgrown all
feeling of humanity, are insensible of any pangs
of remorse. The widow's ars, the orphan
cries, and the curses of the miserable, like javelins
thrown by the hand of a feeble old man, fll by
the way, and never reach their heart. But let sh
a.one, in the midst of his flagrant injustice remnm-
her, how easy a matter it is, notwithstanding his
superior distance, for the meanest vassal to be e-
venged of him. The bitterness of an afflictiap,
even where cunning is wanting, may animate the
puorest spirit with resolutions of vengeance; and,
when once that fury is thoroughly awakened, we
know not what she will require before she is lulled
lt rest again. The most powerful tyrants cannot
prevent a resolved assassination; there are a thou
msnd diffent ways for any private man to do the
business, who is heartily disposed to it, and wilh
to satisfy his appetite for revenge, at the expense of
hs life. An old woman mayclaparebwd in t
,tlace ofa prince; umn itiin astbe
weak fool to destroy the children of lfl ."



A WOLF, clothing himself in the skin of a
Sheep, and getting in among the flock, by this
means took the opportunity to devour many of
them. At last the shepherd discovered him,
and cunningly fastening a rope about his neck,
tied him up to a tree which stood hard by.
Some other shepherds happening to pass that
way, and observing what he was about, drew
near, and expressed their amazement at it.
'What,' says one of them, 'brother, do you
make hanging of Sheep?'-'No,' replies the
other; 'but I make hanging of a Wolf when-
ever I catch him, though in the habit and garb
of a Sheep.' Then he showed them their mis-
take, and they applauded the justice of the ex

This fable shows us, that no regard is to he
had to the mere hahit or outside if any persiu

int to undisguised worth and intrinsic virtne
When we place our esteem upon the external
garb, before we inform ourselves of the quali-
ties which it covers, we may oftea mistake evil
for good, and instead of a Sheep, take a Wolf
auto our protection. Therefore, however inno-
cent or sanctified any one may appear, as to
the vesture wherewith he is clothed, we may
act rashly, because we may be imposed upon,
if from thence we take it for granted, that he
is inwardly as good and righteous as his out-
ward robe would persuade us he is. Men of
judgment and penetration do not use to give
an implicit credit to a particular habit, or a pe-
culiar colour, but love to make a more exact
scrutiny; for he that will not come up to the
character of an honest, good kind of man,
when stripped of his Sheep's Clothing, is but
the more detestable for his intended imposture :
as the Wolf was but the more obnoxious to the
shepherd's resentment, by wearing a habit x
little suiting with his manner.



A FOWLER took his gun, and went into the
xoods a shooting. He spied a Ring-Dove among
the branches of an oak, and intended to kill it.
lie clapped the piece to his shoulder, and took
his aim accordingly. But, just as he was
going to pull the trigger, an adder, which he
had trod upon under the grass, stung him so
painfully in the leg, that he was forced to quit
his design, and threw his gun dbwn in a passion.
The poison immediately infected his blood, and
.is whole body began to mortify; which, when
he perceived, he could not help owning it to be
just. Fate,' says he, 'has brought destruc-
tion upon me, while I was contriving the death
of another.'

This is another kmon against injustice; a
tpic in which our ust Author abounds. And.

fAZt XII. 25
if we consider the matterfairly, we must allow
it to be a reasonable that some one should do
violence to s, as we should commit it upon
another. When we are impartial in or reec-
tone, thus we must always think. The unjust
man, with a hardened unfeeling heart, can do a
thousand bitter thflas toothers bat ifasingle
calamity touches himself, oh, how tender he is !
How insupportable I the uneamnea it ocea.
sions! Why should we think others born to
hard treatment more than ourselves Or ima-
arne it can be more reasonable to do to ano-
ther, what we ourselves should be unwilling to
suffer f In our behaviour to all mankind, we
need only ask ourselves these plain questions,
and our coneciences will tell us how to aet.
Conscience, like a good valuable domestic,
plays the remembrancer to us upon all oca-
eions, and gives a gentle twitch, when we are
going todo a wrong thing. It does not, like the
adder in the fable, bite us to death, but only
gives us kind cautions. However, if we neglect
these just and frequent warnings, and continue
in a course of wickedness and inustice, do noc
let us be surprised if Providence thinks fit, at
last, to give us a home sting, and to oeercir
a little retaliation upon u.


FAM B Sul.


A sow had just farrowed, and lay in the sty
with her whole litter of pigs about her. A
Wolf, who longed for one of them, but knew
not how to come at it, endeavoured to insinu-
ate himself into the Sow's good opinion: and,
accordingly, coming up to her-' How does the
good woman in the straw do?' says he. Can
I be of any service to you, Mrs. Sow, in rela-
tion to your little family here? If you have a
mind to go abroad, and air yourself a little, or
so, you may depend upon it, I will take as much
care of your pigs as you could yourself.'-' Your
humble servant,' says the Sow, 'I thoroughly
understand your meaning; and, tolet you know
I do, I must be so free as to tell you, I had ra-
ther have your room than your company; and
therefore, if you would act like a Wolf of
honour, and oblige me, I beg I may never ms
ieo ae spin.


The being officiously good-natured and civil,
is something so uncommon in the world, that
one cannot hear a man make profession of it
without being surprised, or, at least, suspecting
the disinterestedness of his intentions. Espe-
cially, when one who is a stranger to us, or
though known, is ill-esteemed by us, will be
making offers of services, we have great reason
to look to ourselves, and exert a shyness and
coldness towards him. We should resolve not
to receive even favours from bad kind of peo-
ple; for should it happen that some immediate
mischief was not couched in them, ye it is
dangerous to have obligations to such, or to
give them an opportunity of making a comr
aiunication with us.



T.e Horse, adorned with his great war-saddle,
and champing his foaming bridle, came tlundrr-
ing along the way, and made the mountains ecli
with his load shrill neighing. He had not gone
far, before he overtook an Ass, who was labouring
under a heavy burden, and moving slowly on Iti
the same track with himself Immediately lie
called out to him, in a haughty imperious tone,
and threatened to trample him in the dirt, if he
did not break the way for him. The poor patient
Ass, not daring to dispute the matter, quietly got
out of his way as fast as he could, and let him go
by. Not long after this, the same Horse, in an
engagement with the enemy, happened to be shot
in the eye, which made hi unfit for show, or any
military business; so he was stripped of his fine
rnaments, and sold to a carrier. Thi Ass, meet-
img him in this forlorn condition, thought that now
It was his time to insult; and so, says he, 'Hey
day, find, is it you? Well, I always believed tlat
pride of yours would one day have a fall.'


I ride is a very unaccountable vice. many people
fall into it unawares, and are often led into it by
motives, which, if they considered things rightly,
would make them abhor the very thoughts of it.
There is no man that thinks well of himself, but
desires that the rest of the world should think so
too. Now it is the wrong measures we take in en-
deavouring after this, that expose us to discerning
people in that light which they call pride, and
which is so far from giving us any advantage in
their esteem, that it renders us despicable and ridi-
culous. It is an affectation of appearing consider-
alle, that puts men upon being proud and insolent;
and their very being so makes them, infallibly, little
and inconsiderable. The man that claims and
calls for reverence and respect, deserves none; he
that asks for applause is sure to lose it; the cer.
tain way to get it is to seem to shun it; and the
humble man, according to the maxhns even of this
world, is the most likely to be exalted. He that.
in his words or actions, pleads for superiority, and
rather chooses to do an ill action than condescend
to do a good one, acts like the Horse, and is as
void of reason and understanding. The rich and
the powerful want nothing but the love and es.
teem of mankind to complete their felicity; and
these they are sure to obtain by a good-humourrd,
kind condescension; and as certain of being every
body's aversion, while the least tincture of over-
bearing rudeness is perceptible in their words or
actions. What brutal tempers must they be of,
who can be easy and indifferent, while they know
themselves to be universally hated, though in the
midst of afluence and power! But this is not all;
for if ever the wheel of fortune should whirl them
from the top to the bottom, instead of friendship
or commiseration, they will meet with nothl but
contempt; and that with much more Justice l
eva they themselves exerted ;t towards others.



A woLr meeting a Lamb, one day, in compass
with a Goat-' Child,' says he,' you are mistake ,
this is none of your mother; she is yonder;' poiat-
ing to aflock of sheep at a distance.-'It may be
so, says the Lamb; the person that happened ut
conceive me, and afterwards bore me a few months
in her belly, because she could not help it, and then
dropped me, she did not care where, and left me to
the wide world, is, I suppose, what you call my
mother; but I look upon this charitable Goat as
such, that took compassion on me in my poor,
helpless, destitute condition, and gave me suck;
sparing it out of the mouths of her own kids, rather
than I should want it'-' But sue,' says he, 'you
have a greater regard for her that gave you life,
than for any body else.'-' She gave me life! I deny.
hat She that could not so much as tell whether I
should be black or white, had a geat hand in giving
m'e lif tobe sure! But, supposng it were so, I an
ihtily obliad to her, truly, for contriving to let
me be of hw male kind so that I go evry day Ia

FARLr K Xv. 31
danger of the butcher. What reason then h.ve I
to have a greater regard for one to whom I an Ms
little indebted for any part of my being, than for
those from whom I have received all the benevo-
lence and kindness which have hitherto supported
me in life?'

It is they whose goodness makes them our pa-
rents, that properly claim filial respect from us,
and not those who are such only out of necessity.
The duties between parents and children are rela-
tive and reciprocal. By all laws, natural as well
as civil, it is expected that the parents should
cherish and provide for the child, till it is able to
bhift for itself; and that the child, with a mutual
tenderness, should depend upon the parent for its
sustenance, and yield it a reasonable obedience.
Yet, through the depravity of human nature, we
very often see these laws violated, and the rela-
tions before-mentioned treating one another with
as much virulence as enemies of different countries
are capable of Through the natural impatience
and protervity of ybuth, we observe the first occa-
sion for any animosity most frequently arising from
their side; but, however, there are not wanting
examples of undutiful parents; and, when a fb
other, b using a son ill, and' denying him such an
education and such an allowance as his circum-
stances can well afford, gives him occasion to
withdraw his respect from him, to urge his beget-
ting of him as the sole obligation to duty, is talk-
ing like silly unthinking dotard. Mutual ben*e
vlence must be kept up between relations, as well
as friends; for, without this cement, whatever you
please to call the building, it is only a castle in the
air, a thing to be talked of, without the lest n-


A xITF, who had kept sailing in the air for
many days near a dove-house, and made a
stoop at several pigeons, but all to no purpose
(for they were too nimble for him,) at last had
recourse to stratagem, and took his opportunity
one day to make a declaration to them, in
which he set forth his own just and good inten-
tions, who had nothing more at heart than the
defence and protection of the Pigeons in their
ancient right and liberties, and how concerned
be was at their fears and jealousies of a foreign
invasion, especially their unjust and unreason-
able suspicions of himself, as if he intended, by
ibrce of arms, to break in upon their constitu-
tion, and erect a tyrannical government over
them. To prevent all which, and thoroughly to
quiet their minds, he thought proper to propose
to them such terms of alliance and articles of
peace as might for ever cement a good under-
anding between them the principal of wMch

was, tnat they should accept ofhm fi I their king,
and invest him with all kingly privilege and pre-
rogative over them. The poor simple Pigecni
conisented: the Kite took the coronation oath,
after a very solemn manner, on his part, and the
Doves, the oaths of allegiance and fidelity, on
theirs. But much time had not passed over tleir
heads, before the good Kite pretended that it was
part of his prerogative to devour a Pigeon when-
ever he pleased. And this he was not contented
to do himself only, but instructed the rest of the
royal family in the same kingly arts of govern-
ient. The Pigeons, reduced to this miserable
condition, said one to the other, 'Ah! we de-
serie no better! why did we let him crne it ?

What can this fable be applied to but the ex-
erding blindness and stupidity of that part of
mankind who wantonly and foolishly trust ihir
native rights of liberty without good secure ?
who often choose for guardians of their live
al i fortunes, persons abandoned to the most
n1I ociable vices; and seldom have any better
excuse for such an error in politics than, that
they were deceived in their expectation; or
never thoroughly knew the manners of their
king till he had got them entirely in his power:
l which, however, is notoriously false, for many,
with the Doves in the fable, are so silly, that
they would admit of a Kite, rather than be
without a kmnl. The truth is, we ought not to
incur the possibility of being deceived in so im-
portant a matter as this: an unlimited power
should not be trusted in the hands of any onr
who is not ended with a perfection mto than


As honest, plain, sensible Country Mouse, i.
said to have entertained at his hole one day a
fine Mouse of the Town. Having formerly
been playfellows together, they were old ac-
quaintance, which served as an apology for the
visit. However, as master of the house, he
thought himself obliged to do the honours of it,
in all respects, and to make as great a strange
of his guest as he possibly could. In order to
this, he set before him a reserve of delicate
graV peas nnl haron, a dish rf fine oatmeal,
some parings ol new cheese, and, to crn an all
with a dessert, a remnant of a charming mellow
apple. In good manners, he forbore to eat any
himself, lest the stranger should not nave
enough; but, that he might seem to bear the
other company, sat and nibbled a piece of a
wheaten straw very busily. At last says the
spark of the town, 'Old crony, give me leave to
be a little free with you how can you bear to

Ave In this nasty, dirty, melancholy hole here,
with nothing but woods and meadows, and
mountains, and rivulets, about you? Do not
you prefer the conversation of the world to the
chirping of birds, and the splendour of a court
to the rude aspect of an uncultivated desert?
Come, take my word for it, you will find it a
change for the better. Never stand considenng,
but away this moment. Remember, we are
not immortal, and therefore have no time to
lose. Make sure of to-day, and spend it as
agreeably as you can; you know not what may
happen to-morrow.' In short, these and such
like arguments prevailed, and his Country Ac-
quaintance was resolved to go to town that
night. So they both set out upon theljourney
together, proposing to sneak in after the close
6f the evening. They did so; and, about mid-.
night, made their entry into a certain great
house, where there had been an extraordinary
entertainment the day before, and several tit-
bits, which some of the servants had purloined,
were hid under the seat of a window. Tlk
Country Guest was immediately placed in the
midst of a rich Persian carpet: and now it was
the Courtier's turn to entertain; who, indeed,
acquitted himself in that capacity with the ut-
most readiness and address, changing the touil-
ses as elegantly, and tasting every thing first as
judiciously as any clerk of a kitchen. The
uth int and enjoyed himself like a delighted
epicure, tickled to t ie last degree with this new
turn of his affairs; when, on a sudden, a noise of
somebody opening the door made them start
from their seats, and scuttle in confusion about
the dining-room. Our Country Friend, in par
ticular was ready to die with fear at the bark.
ing of a kuge mastlf er two, which qpenle

their throats just about the same time, and
made the whole house echo. At last, recover
ing himself--' Well,' says he, if this be you-
town life, much good may do you with it: give
me my poor quiet hole again, with my homely,
olit comfortable gray peas.'

A moderate fortune, with a quiet retirement
I' me country, is preferable to the greatest af
fluence which is attended with care and the per-
plexity of business, and inseparable from the
noise and hurry of the town. The practice of
the generality of people of the best taste, it is
to be owned, is directly against us in this point;
but, when it is considered that this practice of
theirs proceeds rather from a compliance with
the fashion of the times, than their own private
thoughts, the objection is of no force. Among
the great numbers of men who have received a
learned education, how few are there but eitbei
have their fortunes entirely to make, or, at least,
think they deserve to have, and ought not to
lose the opportunity of getting son what more
than their fathers have left them Thie town is
the field of action for volunteers of this kind
and whatever fondness they may have for the
country, yet they must stay till their circum-
stances will admit of a retreat thither. But
sure there never was a man yet who lived in a
constant return of trouble and fatigue in town,
as all men of business do in some degree or
other, but has formed to himself some end of
getting some sufficient competency which may
enable him to purchase a quiet possession in the
enuntry, where he may indulge his genius, and
give up his old age to that easy smooth life,
which, hi the tempest of business, Ise hadl n

NABLX Zxv. 31
often longed for. Can any thin, argue ore
strongly for a country life, than to observe what
a loag course of labour people go through, and
what difficulties they encounter, to come at it?
They look upon it, at a distance, like a kind of
heaven, a place of rest and happiness; and are
pushing forward through the rugged thorny
cares of the world, to make their way towards
it. If there are many, who, though born to
plentiful fortunes, yet live most part of their
time in the noise, the smoke, and hurry of the
town, we shall find, upon inquiry, that neces-
sary indispensable business is the real or pre-
tended plea which most of them have to make
for it The court and the senate require the
attendance of some: lawsuits, and the proper
direction of trade, engage others: they who have
a sprightly wit and an elegant taste for conver-
sation, will resort to the place which is fre-
qoleuted by people of the same turn, whatever
aversion they may otherwise have for It; and
others, who have no such pretence, have yet this
to say, that they follow the fashion. They who
appear to have been men of the best sense
amongst the ancients, always recommended the
country as the most proper scene for innocence,
ease, and virtuous pleasure; and, accordingly,
lostno opportunities of enjoying it: and men
of the greatest distinction among the moderns.
have ever thought themselves most happy when
they could be decently spared from the employ-
ments which the excellency of their talents ne
cessarily threw them into, to embrace the
charming leisure of a country life.


--A. Vag.


A wARa~M was sowing his field with flax.
The Swallow observed it, and desired the other
Birds to assist her in picking the seed up, and
in destroying it; telling them, that flax was that
pernicious material of which the thread was
composed which made the fowler's nets, and by
that means contributed to the ruin of so many
innocent birds. But the poor Swallow, not
having the good fortune to be regarded, the flax
sprung up, and appeared above the ground.
She then put them in mind once more of their
impending danger, and wished them to pluck it
up in the bud, before it went any further. They
still neglected her warnings; and the flax grew
up into the high stalk. She yet again desired
them to attack it, kr that it was not yet too
late. But all that she could get was to be
ridiculed and despied for a silly pretending
prophet. The Swallow, AndiK all her renmon-

trances availed nothing, was resolved to leave
the society of such unthinking, careless crea-
tures, before it was too late. So quitting the
woods, she repaired to the house, and fomakini
the conversation of the Birds, has ever sin
made her abode among the dwellings of men.

As men, we should always exercise so much
humanity as to endeavour the welfare of man-
kind, particularly of our acquaintance and re-
lations: and, if by nothing further, at least by
or good advice. When we have doe this, and,
if occasion required, continued to repeat it a
second or third time, we dsall have acquitted
ourselves sufficiently from any imputation upon
their miscarriage; and having nothing more to
do but to separate ourselves from them, that we
may not be involved in their ruin, or be suppo-
sed to partake of their error. This is an ex-
communication which reason allows. For as
it would be cruel, on the one side, to prosecute
and hurt people fr being mistake, o, on the
other, it would oe indiscreet and over complai-
sant to keep them company through all their
wre notions, and act contrary to our opinion
out of pure civility.

FALu Zi.

TiE 1UN TW r UT.

IT is aid that a Beaver (a creature which
lives chiefly in the water) has a certain pr
about him which i good in phyic, and tht
eon this oount, he often hated down
killed. oe upon a time, ,a one of these
creatures was hard pursued by the dogs, and
knew not how to escape, recollecting with him-
self the reason of his being thus persecuted,
with great resolution and presence of mind, he
bit off the part which his hunters wanted, and
throwing it towards them, by thee means e-
, capped with his life.
However it is among beasts, there are few
human reatures but what are hunted for
something ele besides either their lives or
the plesre of hunting them. The inquiition

FANLat sI. 41
would hardly be so keen against the Jews, if
they had not something belonging to them
which their persecutors esteem more valuable
than their souls; which, whenever that wise,
but obstinate people, can prevail with them-
selves to part with, there i an end of the chase
for that time. Indeed, when life is pursued,
and in danr, whoever values it, should give
up every thin but bis honour to preserve it.
And whea a discarded minister Is prosecuted
for having damaged the commonwealth, let him
but throw down some of the fruits of his iiqui-
ty to the hunters, and one may enga for his
coming of i other respects, with a st in




Al the Cat and the Fox were talking politics
together, on a time, in the middle of a forest,
Reynard said, Let things turn out ever so bad,
he did not care, for he had a thousand tricks
for them yet, before they should hurt him.'-
* )utray,'-says he, Mrs. Puss, suppose there
should be an invasion, what course do you de-
sign to take ?'-' Nay,' says the Cat,I I have
but one shift for it, and if that won't do, I am
undone.'-* I am sorry for you,' replies Rey-
nard, 'with all my heart, and would gladly
furnish you with one or two of mine, but in-
deed, neighbour, as times go, It is not good to
trust; we must even be every one for himself,
as the saying is, and so your humble servant.'
These words were scarce out of hs mouth,
'v:a. they were alarmed with a pack of hounds,
.at cme upon them full cry. The Cat, by

the help of her single shift, ran up a tree, and
sat securely among the top branches; from
whence she beheld Reynard, who had not been
able to get out of'sight, overtaken with his
thousand tricks, and torn in as many pieces by
the dogs which had surrounded him.
A man that sets up for more cunning than the
rest of his neighbours, is generally a silly fellow
at the bottom. Whoever is master of a little
judgment and insight into things, let him keep
them to himself, and make use of them as he
sees occasion; but he should not be teaslng
others with an idle and impertiaent ostentation
of them. One good discreet expedient, made
use of upon an emergency, will do a man more
real service, and make others think better of
him, than to have passed all along for a shrewd
crafty knave, and be bubbled at last. When
any one has been such a coxcomb as to insult
his acquaintance, by pretending to more policy
and stratagem than the rest of mankind, they
are apt to wish for some diiculty for him to
show his skill in; where, if he should miscarry
(as ten to one but he does) his misfortune, in
stead of pity, is sure to be attended with
laughter. He that sets up for a biter, as the
phrase is, being generally intent upon his prey,
or rain of showing his art, frequently iekpat
himself to the traps of one sharper than him
self, and incurs the ridicule of those whom he
designed to make ridiculous.



A craraIx house was much infested with
Mice; but at last they got a Cat, who catched
and eat every dy some of them. The Mice,
ending their numbers grow thin, consulted what
was best to be done for the preservation of the
public from the jaws of the devouring Cat.
They debated, and came to this resolution,
That po one dould go down beow the upper
shelf. The Cat, observing the Mice no longer
came down as usual, hungry and disappointed
of her prey, had recourse to this stratagem;
she hung blher hinder legs on a peg which
stuck in the wall, and made as if she had been
dead, hoping by this lure to entice the Mice to
come down. She had not been in this posture
long before a enmaing od Mouse peeped ove
te edge of the she and spoke thus:-Aha.

my good friend, re you there ? there may you
be! I would not trust m7elf with you, though
your skin were stued with straw.'

Prudent folks never trut those a ecod tme
who have deceived them once. And, indeed,
we cannot well be too cautious In following
this rule, for, upon examination, we shall Ind,
that mit of the msfotunee which bethl us,
proceed fom our too great credulity. They
that know how to suspect, without epe(p or
hurting themselves, tl hooeety comme t be
mor In bfhlon, can never srest to Ueth.



TIn Lion and several other Beasts entire.
into an alliance, offensive and defensive, and
were to live very sociably together in the forest.
One day, having made a sort of an excursion
by way of hunt, they took very fine, large,
fat deer, which was divided into four parts;
there happening to be then present his majesty
the Lion, and only three others. After the di-
visiou was made, and the parts were set out,
his majesty advancing forward soer steps, and
pointing to one of the shares, was pleased to
declare himself after the Allowing manner:
SThis I seize and take possession of as my
right, which devolves to me, as I am descended
by a true, lineal,hereditary succession from the
royal family of LiAo: that (pointing to thr e
cod)I claim by, I think, no unreasonable de-
masi; considering that all the engagreauts

AJL L IxU 41
you have with the enemy turn chiefly upon my
courage and conduct; and you very well know,
that ware are too expenie to be carried on
without proper supplie. Then (nodding his
head towards the third) that I hall take by
virtue of my prerogative; to which, I make no
question, but so dutitl and loyal a people will
pay all the deferean and regard that I can de-
sire. Now, as for the remaining part, the e-
cessity of our present affair is so very urlgt,
our stock so low, and our credit so impaired
and weakened, that I must Inist upon yor
granting that, without any hesitation or demr;
and hereof fail not at your peril'

No alliance is afe which is mdewith tham
that are superior to us in power. Though they
lay themselves under the most strict and solemn
ties at the opening of the congress, ye the ist
advantageous opportunity will tempt them to
break the treaty; and they will never warl
specious pretences to furnish out their declare
tlons of war. It is not eaw to determine,
whether it is more stupid and ndiewlous for a
community to trust itself Arst ia th hands st
thoe that are more powerful thn themselves,
or to wonder afterwards that their confdenee
and credulity are abused, and theh properties

PAsLt uIm

Trn LION A"M rxz MoUn.

A Mow, paint with heat, and weary with hunt.
ig, was laid down to take his repoe under the
preadn boughs o a thick shady oak. It
ene that, while he slept, a company of
scrambling Mice ran over his back, and waked
him: upon which, starting up, he clapped his
paw upon one of them, and was just going to
put it to death; when the little suppliant im-
plored his mercy in a very moving manner,
begin him not to stain his noble character
with te blood of so despicable and small a
beast. The Lion, considering the matter,
thought proper to do as he was desired, and im.
mediately released his little trembling prisoner.
Not long after, traversing the forest in pursuit
of his prey, he chanced to run into the toils of
the hunters; from whence, not able to disen-
gag himel, he set up a most hideous and louO
roar. The Mouse, hearing the voice, and
knowing it to be the Laoo's, immediately re-

VABLZ X111L. .
paired to the place, and bid him fear nothing
for that he was his friend. Then straight he
fell to work, and, with his little sharp teeth,
gnawing asunder the knots aid L-aaeoif of
tne toils, set the royal brute at liberty.
This fable gives us to understand, that there
s no person in the world so little, but eve the
greatest may, at axne time or other, stand in
need of his distance; and consequently that
it is good to use clemency, where there i a
room for it, towards thoee who hll wit a our
power. A generosity of thi kind is a hand-
some virtue, and looks very graceful whoever
it is exerted, if there were nothing else in it;
but as the lowest people in life may, upon oc-
casion, have it in their power either to erve o
hurt us, that make it our duty, in polit of
common interest, to behave ourmsele withgood
nature and lenity towards al with 'who we
have to do. Then the gratitude of the Moue,
and his readiness not only to repay, but even to
exceed the obligation due to his benefactor, not-
withstanding his little body, gives us the sped-
men of a great soul, which is never so much
delighted as with an opportunity of shownlg
how sensible it is of favors received.



Tx Lion aforesaid, touched with the grate-
ful procedure of the Mouse, and resolving not
to be outdone in generosity by any wild beast
whatsoever, desired his little deliverer to name
his own terms, for that he might depend upon
his complying with any proposal he should
make. The Mouse, fired with ambition at this
gracious ofer, did not so much consider what
was proper for him to ask, as what was in the
power of his prince to grant; and so presump-
tuously demanded his princely daughter, the
young Lioness, in marriage. The Lion consent-
ed: but, when he would have given the royal
virgin into his possession, she, like a giddy thing
as she was, not minding how she walked, by
chance set her paw upon her spouse, who was
coming to mee her, and crushed her little dear
to pieces.
This fable seem intended to show us bow
liperabi sam people make themselves by a

rABLX xxz 51
wrong choice, when they have all the good
things in the world spread before them, to
choose out of. In short, if that one partkiular
of judgment be wanting, it is not in the power
of the greatest monarch upon earth, nor of the
.. heated smiles of fortune, to make us happy.
1. s the want or possession of a good judgment
which oftentimes makes the prince a poor
wretch, and the poor philosopher completely
easy. Now, the first and chief degree of judg-
ment is to know one's self; to be able to make
a tolerable estimate of one's own capacity, so
as not to speak or undertake any thing which
may either injure or make us ridiculous: and
yet (as wonderful as it is) there have been men
of allowed good sense m particular, and pos-
essed of all desirable qualifications in general,
to make life delightful and agreeable, who have
unhaupily contrived to match themselves with
women of a genius and temper necessarily
tending to blast their peace. This proceeds
from some unaccountable blindness: but when
wealthy plebeians, of mean extraction and un
refined education, as an equivalent for their
.noney, demand brides out of the nurseries of
our peerage, their being despised, or at least
overlooked, is so unavoidable, unless in extra-
ordinary cases, that nothing but a false taste
of glory could make then ter upon a acheme
so inconsistent and i npro;=



.. CZRTAIX man had a Dog, which was so
fierce and mischievous, that he was forced to
fasten a heavy clog about his neck, to keep him
from running at and worryin&eople. This
the vain Cur took for a hade of ,hnnourable
distinction; and grew so insolent upon it, that
he looked down with an air of scorn upon the
neighboring dogs, and refused to keep them
company. But a y old poacher, who was one
of the gang, as him, that he had no rea-
son to value hhimelf upon the favour he wore,
since it was fixed upon him rather as a mark
of disgrace than of honour.
Some people are so mae ending vain, and at
t se a tim so dull 'f apprehension, tha
la Ispmt every thing by which they ;

1tingulWhed from others in thebh *w rour
If they betray any weaknsses in conersaton,
which ae apt to excite the laughter of their
company, they make no scruple of ascribin it
to their superiority In point of wit. If want
of sense or breeding (one of which Is always
the cae) disposes them tq give, or ndstake, af-
fronts, upon which account all discreet ensible
people are obi d to shun their company, they
impute it to tr own vlour and magnanimity,
to which they ancy the world pays an awful
and respeel deference. There ae several
doemt ways of nvlting msch turbulent meg
riam dol ig t which might be apled
with secry, and many times pa unreard
If their own arrogance did not require e re
of mankind to takse node of it.


As Ox, gAzing in a meadow, chanced to se
his foot among a parcel of young Frogs, ana
trod one of them to death. The rest informed
their mother, when sbe came home, what had
happened; telling her that the beast which did
it was the hugest creature that they ever saw
in their lives. 'What, was it so big?' says the
old Frog, swelling and blowing up her speckled
belly to a great degree. 'Oh! bigger by a vast
deal,' saythey. 'And o bi?' ays she, strain
ing herself yet more. Indeed, mamma say
they, if you were to bunt yourself, you would
never be so big.' She strove yet again, and
bunt herself indeed.

Whenever a ma to live equal
with one of a greater r e n himself, he '
i sue to hare a like tha with the Frog in the
(able.. UM many vain people, of moderate

easy circumstances, burst and come to nothing,
by viling with those whose estate are more
ample than their own? Sir Ohangelg Plum.
stock was possessed of a very c durable
estate, devolved to him by th death of an old
ancle, who had adopted him his heir. He had
false taste of happlaes, and, without the
east economy, truting the sufficency of his
vast revenue, was resolved to be outdone by
,nobody in howih grandeur and epemsi
living. He gave i thousand pounds hr a
piece of round in th country to set a house
upon; the building and mitan of wch cost
ftthousand more and le gaiaden wn
portionably magulcent. B=ede wM d
thought himself under a necessity of
out two or three tenement which stood in I
neighbourhood, that he might have elbow-eroe
enough. All this he could verywell bear and
still might have been happy, had it nt ben or
an unfortunate vew which he one day happen-
ed to take of my Lord Castlebuilder's garden
which consisted of twenty acres, whereas his
.wn were not above twelve. From that ime
he grew pensiwv; and, befom the ensuing win-
ter, gave ne and thirty punch for a
dozen acre more to ejarg dens; built
a couple of emrbit u ui h a large
pa athe further end of a trrace-wa.
The ban repairs and M rtnda of ah.
which callfor the reMtq rof his
He is mortgage edp,ad ay
but, being ap d
at a private n the City O W



Tax nt time the Fox saw the Ucn, he feD
down at his feet, and was ready to die with
fear. The second time, he took courage, and
could even bear to look upon him. The third
time, he had the Impudence to come up to him,
to salute him, and to enter into familiar con-
versation with him.
From this fable we may observe the two ex-
tremes in which we may fn, as to a proper be-
haviour towards our superiors: the one is a
buAthness, proceeding either from a vicious
guilty mad, or a timorous ruticity; the other,
an ovumbeuig Impode which asumes
moSn I bcshei t and iL ruden the per-
Me-glq nll to thweoneratop of well-bred
-i1 hek p beol But there s this dlren ce
IeeLan li -fim_ that arbies from a want
S i the dhamefacedne. that ac-

VAru.a xwX ST
companies conscious gult; the iArt, by a mon-
tinuance of tim and nearer acquaintance,
may be ripened mto a proper liberal behaviour
the other no ooner IdM an easy practicable
access, but It throw do all manner of reve-
rence, gow every da more and more hAmiliar,
and branches out ila ue utmost indcency and
Irregularity. Indeed, otnre ar many occasions
which may happen o ast a a we, or even a
terror, upon our minds at t view, without
any Jit and reasonable mounds; but upon a
little zecollectio, or a near insi r n-
cove ourselves, and can appear ad rent and
ueoncered, were, before, we wer ready to
sink under a load of dideace and hfar.* We
should, upon such occasion, ur our endeavour
to regain a due degree of steadiness and reso
lution; but, at the same time, we must hav a
care that our effort in that reqpctdo notrac
the balance too much, and make it dse to an
unbecoming freedom and an o tndre hUll




TJm Ape meeting the Fox one day, humbly
requested him to give him a piece of his fine,
log, brush tail, to cover his poor naked back-
side, which was exposed to al the violence
and inclemency of the weather; For,' says
he, Reynard, you have already more than
you have occasion for, and a great part of it
even drags along in the dirt.' The Fox an-
swered,' That as to his having too ch, that
was more than he knew; but be it would,
he had rather sweep the gound with tail, as
long as he lived, than deprive himself of the
leat bit to cover the Ape's nasty stinking pot-

One cannot help considering the world, In the
parudlr of the goods of fortune, as a kind of
lottery; in which ome few are entitled to
irile of dirent degrees; others, and those

b uch the greatest part, come off with little
or esahing. Some, like the Fox, have -evn
larer circumstances than they know what to
do with, insomuch that they are rather a charge
and incumbrance than of any true use and
pleasure to them. Others, like the poor Ape's
cae, are all blank; nbt having been so lucky
as to draw from the wheel of fortune wherewit
to cover their nakednaes, and live with tolera-
ble decency. That these things a left, na a
great measure, by Providence, to the blind un-
certain shufae o chance, Is reasonable to con-
dude-from the unequal distribution of them;
for there s seldom any rerd had to tre merit
upon ghee occado; folyand knavery ride In
coa bile good sense and honesty walk i
The all-wise Disposer of events does
permit these things for Jut ud Pqd
pu which our shallow uda
not to fathom; but, humPau i f
the sandpow of the woMd
alwa, in the of the virtu
mankntd, they would be more likely to
with tha in their generation, than the vile so
tish wretches who generally enjoy them. A
truly gpd man would direct all the superluef
part o* wealth, at least, for the necessities
of -creature, though there were no
rel gi Rh enjoined it:.but selish and ava-
ricious ~ w are always great knaves,
hrw mch soever they may have, will never
think they have enough: much les be induced,
by any eomideb tion of virtue and religion, to
pert with the leant ikthin for public charity
a benedene



A ee was lying upon a manger full of hay
An Os, being hbu y, came near, and oered
to eat of the hay; but the envious ill-natured
Cur, getting up and snarling at him, would not
suar him to touch it. Upon which, the Ox, in
the bitterness of his heart, said, A curse lgh
on thee for a malicious wretch, who wilt neither
oat bay thyself, nor susr others to do it'
Envy is the muot unnatural and t
Me of all the pssions. There s scarce an
other emotio of the mid, however unreasona
i, but may have somethn sald In excuse f.
.t; and there are many of the weaknesses of
bhe soul, which, otwithstanding the wrongess
and rregularity of them, swell the heart, while
mey latwith pasure and gladness. But the
nious muan has o such apology as this t
lbe; e dsen the passion is, he greater

nawa a 01
trment he endure; and b le htielf to a
continual real pain, by only wishng to
other. lbeve b sweet, tho l and
inhuman a d oMgh t rometie thutts even
for ood, yet may b dlWtd and satiated.
ArdiIe something measMtrm, and ab-
surd yet, u it iL dmn eAfr ries, every
little acqgoitio r.It pleaser t and to be-
hold and hbe the h treas oe to a covet-
outs ma, is a coqpts amiug enjojnues.
But envy, whichI an man ety aru In our
minds, opon or oblrvi seemplsmen
othme wuch we want orles e as m r en
ceive ay ntrio eart, p i ein drL, a
Confl tl a l o, l rW M nl MalrWa-
ty that should b& mankind: for, as long as
there is a creature living, that enoy its bein
ha y within the evioiu man's per, It w
afford nourishment to his Mdt mld*-
but sach nourmsent as will i sm pine,
ard ret, and emaciat himhne to aneshin

. A



ONcS upon a time there commnced a erce
war between the Birds and the Beasts; when
the Bat, taking advantage of his ambiguous
make, hoped, by that means, to live secure In a
state of nutrlty, and save his bacon. It was
not long before the forces on each side met, and
gave battle; and, their animosities running
very high, a bloody daughter en The
Bat, at the beginning of the day, the
Birds moot likely to cany it, iite ulf
among them; but kept uttering at a little dis-
tance, that he nigt the better observe, and
take his measures acordiny. However, aftei
*ome time pt in the tacto army of the
Bea sts e t p al, he went entirely ovel
to them, and dn voumrd to convince them, by
the aSmlty wt be Wsd to a Mouse, that he
was b am aBest, and would always con-
iam fl amd re to their aterest. Hi ples

ftmL XIX. M
was admitted; but, in the end, the advantap
turning completely on the sde of the Birds, un-
der the admirable conduct and courage of their
general the Eagle, the Bat, to sav his life, and
escape the disgrace dealing to e hands of
his deserted it betk himself to flight;
and ever dsae, skulking in caves and hoUow
tries all d~y, as if ahaed to show himself, he
never appears till the dusk of the evening, when
all the gathered inhabitants of the air ae gone
to oost.
For any, one to desert the interest of hr
country, and turn renegade, either out of fear,
or any prospect of advantage, s so notoriously
vile and low, that it is no wonder if the man,
who is detected in it, is for ever ashamed to see
the sun, and to show himself in the eye of
those whose cause he has betrayed. Yet, as
there is scarce any vice, even to be imagined,
but there may be found men wkr have been
guilty of it, perhaps there have sem pa many
crimnals in the case before us, as in ny oes
particular besides, notwittading the ara-
vation and extraordinary degree o(it basene.
We can lprelectin upon it with honor:
but, as detestable as this vice s, and
must be Eknowledged to be by all msaklnd, s
far are those that practise itbom being treated
with a just resentment by the rest of meakid,
that by the kind reception they afterwards
meet wiLthey rather seem to be encouraged
.no applauded, than depsed and disuns-
uanF, for t.



TU ox ArD EM T IaM.
A mn .m archer, coming int the wo&s,
directed his arrows so sueceslly, that he dow
many wild beasts, and purued several other.
This put the whole savage kind nto a fearful
comernation, uad made them ly to thd mort
related thicket.for nr e. At last, the Tiger
rsnumed a courage, bidding them not to
be afraid, said, that e alone would engage the
enemy; telling tbhea they might depend upon
his alour and strength to revenge emir wrongs.
In dhe midst of these threats, while he was
lub h himself with b tall, and tear up the
i fmd for anger, a arow pierced his rbs, and
bung by its mbed point his sde. He set
up an hdeos and loud roar, ocranoed by the
anguish whceh he f, and edeavoured to draw
out the paiafl dart with his teeth; whm the
Fa. approach him, inquired, wia an air o
rpL vwho k was that could have stregh
ed ~sawy eouc t so adgoty and

ABLr Z tX. 65
valorous a beast ?-' Ah!' sa s the Tiger, '
was mistaken in my reckoning. it was that In-
vincible man yonder.'

.Though strength and courage are very good
ingredients towards the making us secure and
formidable in the world, yet, unless there be a
proper portion of wisdom or policy to direct
them, instead of being serviceable, they often
prove detrimental to their proptietors. A lash
f.oward man, who depends upon the excellence
of his own parts and accomplishments, is like-
wise apt to expose a weak side, which his ea r-
mies might not otherwise have observed, and
gives an advantage to others by those very
means which he fancied would have secured it
to himself. Counsel and conduct always did,
mnd always will, govern the world; and the
strong, in spite of all their force, can never
avoid being tools to the crafty. Some men are
as much superior to others in wisdom and
policy, as man, in general, is above a brute.
Strength ill-concerted, oppsad to them, is like
a quarterstaff in the hand of a huge, robust,
hut bungling fellow, who.ghts against a master
of the science. The latts though rHol
weapon, would have skill and ad eb
to disarm his adversary, a dru4b hi wl
nwu staff. In a word, Ad fierehems
brutal strength must not pryd to stand l
competition with nese and strtagem.



TzI Lioness and the Fox meeting tof
Al Into discourse; and the conversation t*YP
upbn the breeding and the fruitfulness ofbi
living creatures abovm.thers, the Fox coult
not forbear taking the daportuitity of observing
to the Lios ess, that, for her part, she thought
Foxes were as happy in that respect as almost
any other creatures; for that they bred 1n-
'tantly once a year, if not oftener, and al
bad a good litter of cubs at every birth: '
yet,' says she, there are those who are
delivered of more than one at a time, 1and4
perhaps not above once or twice t bughih
Sole life, who old up their neositRd valie
themselves so much upon it, that they-think all
other creatures beneath them, aud'scarce wor-
thy to be spoken to.' The Liocss, who all the
ivhfle psiwved at whom this reflection pointed,
was & with resetmet, and with a good deaj
of vheamnce replied-' What wyoi have nb.

PAsLZ 1XXx. 67
served may be true, and that not without rea-
son. You produce a great many at a litter,
and often; but what are they?-Foxes. I in-
deed have but one at a time; but you should
remember that this one s a Lion.'

Our productions, of whatsoever kind, are not
Sto he esteemed so much by the quantity as the
(quality of them. It is not being employed
nuchi but well, and to the purpose, which
malimuseful to the age we live in, and cele-
bratkt idh rhich are to come. As it is a
misfortune to the countries which are infested
with them, for Foxes and other vermin to multi-
ply; so one cannot help throwing out a melan-
choly reflection, when one sees some particulars
of the humankind increase so fast as they .
But the most obvious meaning of this hak'"
the hint it gives us in relation to authors.
gentlemen should never attempt to sal thed
Shelves a reputation, by enumerating a catalogue
of their productions; since there is more glory
in having written one tolerable piece, than a
thousand indifferent ones. And whoever has
had the good fortune to please in oa3l
ance of this kln dmould be very
he ventures his rotation In a



An Oak, which hung over the bank of a river.
was blown down by a violent storm of wind;
and as it was carried along by the stream, some
of its boughs brushed against a Reed which
grew near the shore. This struck the Oak with
a thought of admiration; and he could not for-
bear asking the Reed, how he came to stand so
secure and unhurt, in a tempest which had been
furious enough to tear an Oak up by the roots'
' Why,' says the Reed, 'I secure myself by put
ting on a behaviour quite contrary to what you
do; instead of being stubborn and stiff, and
confding in my strength, I yield and bend to
the blast, and let it go over me; knowing how
vain and fruitless it would be to resist.'
Though a tame submission to injuries, which it
is in nur power to redress, be generally esteem.

ed a base and a dishonourable thirg: yet, to
resist where there is no probability, or even
hopes, of our getting the better, may also be
lookedd upon as the effect of a blind temerity,
and perhaps of a weak understanding. The
strokes of fortune are oftentimes as irresistible
as they are severe; and he who, with an impa-
tient reluctant spirit, fights against her, instead
of alleviating, does but double her blows upon
himself. A person of a quiet, still temper,
whether it is given him by Nature, or acquired .
by art, calmly composes himself, in the midst of
.1 storm, so as to elude the shock, or receive it
with the least detriment; like a prudent expe-
rienced sailor, who is swimming to the shore
from a wrecked vessel in a swelling sea, he does
not oppose the fury of the waves, but stoops and
gives way, that they may roll over his head
without obstruction. The doctrine of abso-
lute submission in all cases is an absurd dog-
matical precept, with nothing but ignorance and
suppertitlon to rpot it; but, upon particular
occasions, and where it is impossible for us to
overcome, to submit patiently ts one of the most
t, .-vable maxims in life.


ADIsPTE once arose between the north Wind
and the Sun, about the superiority of their
power; and they agreed to try their strength
upon a traveller, which should be able to get
his cloak off first. The north Wind began,
end blew a very cold blast, accompanied with
a sharp driving shower. But this, and what-
ever else he could do, instead of making the
man quit his cloak, obliged him to gird it about
his body as close as possible. Next came the
Sun, who, breaking out from a thick watery
cloud, trove away the cold vapours from the
sky, and darted his warm sultry beams upon tne
head of the poor weather-beaten traveller. The
man growing faint with toe heat, and unable to
endure it any longer, first throws off his heavy
cloak, and then flies for protection to the shade
of a neighboring grove.
There Is something in the temper of men so
averse to severe and boisterous treatment, that

AMuLX xxxXI T1
he who endeavours to carry his point that way,
instead of prevailing, generally leaves the mind
of him, whom he has thus attempted, in a more
confirmed and obstinate situation than he found
it at first. Bitter words and hard usage freeze
the heart into a kind of obduracy, which mild
persuasion and gentle language only can dis-
solve and soften. Persecution has always fixed
and riveted those opinions which it was intend-
ed to dispel; and some discerning men have
attributed the quick growth of Christianity, ai
a great measure, to the rough and barbarous re-
ception which its first teachers met with in the
world. The same may have been observed of
our Reformation; the blood of the martyrs was
the manure which produced that great Protes-
tant crop, on which the Church of England has
subsisted ever since. Providence, which always
makes use of the most natural means to attain
its purpose, has thought fit to establish the purest
religion by this method: the consideration of
which may give a proper check to those who are
continually endeavouring to root out errors by
that very management, which so infallibly fixes
and implants all opinions, as well erroneous as
orthodox. When an opinion is so violently at-
tacked, it raises an attention in the persecuted
party, and gives an alarm to their vanity, by
making them think that worth defending and
keeping, at the hazard of their lives, which, per-
haps, otherwise they would only have admired
a while for the sake of its novelty, and after
wards resigned of their own accord. In short,
a fierce turbulent opposition, lw.bsJ nortl
Wind, only serves to make a man wap up his
notions more closely about him; but we know
not what a kind, warm, Sun-hiny behavit-:
-igltly applied, would 1ot be able to effect.


T HaRB was once a great emulation between
the Frog and the Mouse, which should be mas-
ter of the fen, and wars ensued upon it. But
the crafty Mouse, lurking under the grass in
ambuscade, made sudden sallies, and often
surprised the enemy at a disadvantage. The
Frog, excelling in strength, and being more able
to leap abroad and take the field, challenged
the Mouse to single combat. The Mouse ac-
cepts the challenge; and each of them entered
the lists, armed with a point of a bulrush in
stead of a speat. A Kite, sailing In the air,
beheld them afar off; and, while they were
eagerly bent upon each other, and pressing on
to the duel, this fatal enemy descended souse
upon them, and with her crooked talons carried
off both the champions.

No&ing so much exposes a man's weak side,
and lays him so open to an enemy, as passion

and malice. He whose attention is wholly
fixed upon forming a project of revenge, is ig.
norant of the mischief that may be hatching
against him from some other quarter, and, upon
the attack, is unprovided with the means of de-
fending or securing himself. How are the mem-
bers of a commonwealth sometimes divided
amongst thmoelves, and inspired with rancour
and malice to the last degree; and often upon
as great a trifle as that which was the subject
matter of debate between the Frog and the
Mouse; not for any real advantage, but merely
who shall get the better in the dispute? But
such animosities, a insignificant and trailing as
they may be among themselves, are yet of the
last importance to their enemies, by giving
them many fair opportunities of falling upon
them, and reducing them to misery andwlavery.
0 Britons, when will ye be wise? when will y
throw away the ridiculous distinctions of party,
those ends of bulrushes, and by a prudent union
secure yourselves In a state of peace and pros.
perity? A state, of which, if it were not fer
your intestine, foolish and unnecessary divi-
sions at home, all the powers upon earth could
never deprive you.


Tn Frogs, living an easy free life every
where among the lakes and ponds, assembled
together, one day, in a very tumultuous man-
ner, and petitioned Jupiter flet them have a
King, who might inspect the morals, and make
them live a little honester. Jupiter, being at that
time in pretty good humour, was pleased to laugh
heartily at their ridiculous request; and, throw-
ing a little log down into the pool, cried, 'There
is a King for you.' The sudden splash which
this made by its fall into the water, at first ter-
rified tem so exceedingly, that they were
afraid to come near it. But in a little time,
se sing it lay still without moving, they ventured,
by degrees, to approach it; and at last, finding
there was no danger, they leaped upon it; and,
in short, treated it as familiarly as they pleased.
But not contented with so insipid a King as this
was, they mt their deputies to petition again
for ano r sut of one; fr this they neither
,id oar aidd ike. Upon that he sent them a

rANsh xxxVI. IT
Stork, who, without any ceremony, fell a de-
vouring and eating them up, one after another,
as fast as he could. Then they apple them-
selves privately to Mercury, and got am to
speak to Jupiter in their behalf that be would
be so good as to bless them again with another
King, or to restore them to their former state.
* No,' says he,' since it was their own choice,
let the obstinate wretches suffer the punishment
due to their folly.'

It Is pretty extraordinary to find a fable of
this kind finished with so bold and yet polite a
turn by Phedrus: one who attained his free-
dom by the favour of Augustus, and wrote it in
the time of Tiberius; who were, successively,
tyrannical usurpers of the Roman government.
If we may take his word for it, Lsop spoke it
upon this occasion. When the commonwealth
of Athens flourished under good wholesome laws
of its own enacting, they relied so much upon
the security of their liberty, that they negli-
gently suffered It to run out into licentious-
ness. And factions happening to be fonalpd
among them by designing people, much abo ,
the same time, Pisistratus took that opportunity
to make himself master of their citadel-und
liberties both together. The Athenians finding
themselves in a state of slavery, though theis
tyrant happened to be a very merciful one, yet
could not bear the thoughts of it; so that XEop
where there was no remedy, prescribes to there
patience, by the example of the foregoing ables,
and adds, at last, Wherefore, my dear eoun
trymen, be contented with your present eom
tion, bad as it is, for fear a chaep hioM Ib



A CERTAIN Old Woman had several Maids,
whom she used to call up to their work, eveiy
morning, at the crowing of the Cock. The
Wenches, who found it grievous to have their
sweet sleep disturbed so early, combined to-
gether, and killed the Cock; thinking, that,
when the alarm was gone, they might enjuy
themselves in their warm beds a little longer.
The Old Woman, grieved for the loss of her
Cock, and having, by some means or other, dis-
covered the whole plot, was resolved to be
even with them; for, from that time, she obliged
them to rise constantly at midnight.

It can never be expected that things should
be, ln all respects, agreeable to our wishes;
sad, they ae not very bad indeed, we ought,
in my cai s, to be contented with them; lest
whwt, thdou impatience, we precipitately

quit our present condition of life, we may to
our sorrow find, with the old saying, that sel-
doin comes a better. Before we attempt any
alteration of moment, we should be certain
what state it will produce; for, when things are
already bed, to make them worm by trying ex-
periments, is an argument of great weakness
and folly, and is sure.to be attended with a too
late repentance. Grievances, if really such,
ought by all means to be redressed, provided we
can be assured of doing it with success: but
we had better, at any time, bear with some In-
convenience, than make our condition worse by
attempting to mend it.



A I.oN and a Bear fell together by the ears
ever the carcass of a Fawn which they found
in the forest, their title to him being to be deci-
ded by force of arms. The battle was severe
and tough on both sides, and they held it out,
tearing and worrying one another so long, that,
what,with wounds and fatigue, they were so
faint and weary, that they were not able to
strike another stroke. Thus, while they lay
upon the ground, panting and lolling out their
to gu8 chanced to pass by that way,
who, peM ng how the case stood, very impu-
dently stepped in between them, seized the
booty which they had all this while been con.
leading for, and carried it off. The two combat
ato lay and beheld all this, without hay
nogh to stir and prevent it, were
mough to make this reflection: 'Be
ufta of our strife and contention th.

PAUL xy 719
villain, the Fox, bears Way4ji* e, and we
ourselves have deprivedAeh otb of the power
jo recover it ftn hi.t

When people go to law about a. &-ertain
title, and have spent their whole t la the
contest, nothing is more com ni me
little pettifogging attorney to aire
it to himself. The very name to
imply equity and justice, and that the bait
which has drawn in many to their ruin. Others
are excited -by their passions, and care not if
they destroy themselves, so they do but se theli
enemy perish with them. But, if weo' asid%
prejudice and folly, and think calmly of the
matter, we shall find, that going W law as not
the best way of deciding differe s about pro-
perty; it being, generally speaking, much safer
to trust to the arbitration or two or three hones
sensible neighbours, than, at a vast expense of
money, time, and trouble, to run 'hroh the
tedious, frivolous forms, with which, by the ar
tifice of greedy lawyers, a court of judicature
is .ontrived.to be attended. It has been said,
that if mankind would lead moral virtuous
lives, here would be no occasion for divines; if
they would but .live temperately and soberly.
that they would never want phicians; both
which assertions, though true in he main, as
yet expressed in too great a latitude. But one
may venture to affirm, that if men preserved a
strict regard to. justice and honesty in thell
dealings with each other, and, upon -any min
take or misapprehension, were always read j
rftr the matter to disinterested mnplr-, Of a
kaLwledged judgment and integrity, they neM
dM have the least occasion lort lawy "

When people have gone to law, it Is rarely to
he found but one or both parties was either stu-
pidly obstinate, or rashly inconsiderate. For,
if the case should happen to be so intricate,
that a man of common sense could not distin-
guish who had the best title, how edsy would ii
be to have. the opinion of the best counsel in
the land, and agree to determine it by that? If
it should appear dubious even after that, how
much better would it be to divide the thing in
dispute, rather than go to law, and hazard the
lhing not only of the whole, but costs and
damages into the bargain?

PwALS Xx11i.


A CROW, ready to die with thirst, flew with
joy to a Pitcher, which he beheld at some dis.
tance. When he came, he found water in it
indeed, but so near the bottom, that, with al
*his stooping and straining, he was not able to
reach it. Then he endeavoured to overturn
the Pitcher, that so at least he might be able to
get a little of it. But his strength was not suf-
ficient for this. At last, seeing some pebbles lie
near the pace, he cast them one by one into
the Pitcher; and thus, by degrees, raised the
water up to the very brim, and satisfied hiW

things which cannot b. ected by
or by the vulgar way oeftlmp
may yet be brought about by some All
untried means. A man of sagacity aI *
nation, upon encountering a dHlkuty or twa

does not immediately despair; but, if he can
not succeed one way, employs his wit and in
genuity another; and, to avoid or get over ar
impediment, makes no scruple of stepping out
of the path of his forefathers. Since our hap
pines, next to the regulation of our minds, de
pends altogether upon our having and enjoying
the conveniences of life, why should we stand
upon ceremony about the methods of obtaining
them, or pay any deference to antiquity upon
that score? If almost every age had not ex
erted itself in some new improvements of its
own, we should want a thousand arts, or, at
least, many degrees of perfection in every art,
which at present we are in possession of. The
invention of any thing which is more commo-
dious for the mind or body than what they had
before, ought to be embraced readily, and the
projector of it distinguished with a suitable en-
couragement. Such as the use of the compass.
for example, from which mankind reaps so
much benefit and advantage, and which was
not known to former ages. When we follow
the steps of those who have gone before us in
the old beaten track of life, how do we differ
from horses in a team, which are linked to each
other by a chain or harness, and move on in a
dull heavy pace, to the tune of their leader's
bells? But the man who enriches the present
fund of knowledge with some new and useful
improvement, like a happy adventurer at sea,
discovers, as it were, an unknown land, and
imports an additional trade into his own coun-


A PORcmUPIN, eating to shelter himself, de-
sired a nest of Snakes to give him admittance
into their cave. They were prevailed upon,
and let him in accordingly; but were so annoy-
ed with his sharp prickly quills, that they soon
repented of their easy compliance, and entreat-
ed the Porcupine to withdraw, and leave them
their hole to themselves. 'No,' says he, 'let
them quit the place that don't like it; for my
part, I am well enough satisfied as I am.'

Some people are of such brutish, inhospitable
tempers, that there is no rivtng with them, with-
out greatly incommoding ourselves. There,
before we enter into any degree of frIesdMp,
alliance, or partnership, with pers t-
ever, we should thoroughly eomder his
and qualities, his circumtsmuge and his -
mour. There ought to be somethitb in eadh o

14 ALI Xft..
these respects to tally and correspond with oui
own measures, to suit our genius, and adapt it.
sel' to the size and proportion of our desires;
otherwise our associations, of whatever kind,
may prove the greatest plagues of our life.
Young men are very apt to run into this error;
and being warm in all their passions, throw
onen their arms at once, and admit into the
gi latest intimacy persons whom they know little
of, but by false and uncertain lights. Thus
they sometimes receive a Viper into their bo-
som instead of a friend, and take a Jorcupine
for a consort, with whom they are obliged to
cohabit, though she may prove a thorn in their
sides as long as they live. A true friend is one
of the greatest blessings in life; therefore to be
mistaken or disappointed of such enjoyment,
when we hope to be in full possession of it,
must be as great a mortification. So that we
cannot be too nice and scrupulous in our choice
ao those who are to be our companions for life:
for they must have but a poor shallow notion
of friendship, who intend to take it, like a lease,
for a term of years only. In a word, the doc-
trine which this fable speaks, is to prepare us
against being injured or deceived by a rash
combination of any sort. The manners of the
man we desire for a friend, of the woman we
like for a wife, of the person with whom we
would jointly manage and concert measures for
the advancement of our temporal interest,
should be narrowly and cautiously inspected,
before we embark with them in the same ves-
sel, lest we should alter our mind when it is too
late, and think of regaining the shoe after we
have launched out of our depth.



U ow a gmrt storm of wind that blew among tbh
trees and bushes, and made a rustling with the
Jeaves, the Hares (in a certain park where there
happened to be plenty of them) wre so terribly
frigted, that they ran like mad all over the place,
resolving to seek out some retreat of more security,
or to end their unhappy days b doing violence to
themselveL With this resolution they fund n
outlet where a pale had been broken down, and,
bolting forth upon an adjoining common, had not
run far before their course was stopped by that of
a gentle brook which glided acoee the wa they in-
tended to take. This was so grievou a dt t-
ment, that they were not able to bear it; and they
determined rather to throw themselves headlo
into the water, let what would become of it, tha
lead a life so full of dangers and cross But,
upon their coming to the brink of the rier a
el of Fros, which were sitting there, ri M at
their approach, leaped into the stream in gfetea-
hfun and dived to the very bottom fr ferk. w ib

a cunning old Puss observing, called 0 the rest
and said, 'Hold, have a care what ye do: here
are other creatures, I peireive, which have their
fears as well as we: don't then let us fany our-
selves the most miserable of any upon earth; but
rather, by their example, learn to bear patiently
those inconveniences which our nature has thrown
upon u.'

'This fable is designed to show us how unrea-
sonable many people are for living in such contin-
ual fears and disquiets about the miserableness of
their condition. here is hardly any state of life
great enough to satisfy the wishes of an ambitious
man; and scarce any so mean but may supply all
the necessities of him that is moderate. But if
pe p il be so unwise as to work themselves up
to imgay misfortunes, why do they grumble at
nature nd their stars, when their own perverse
minds are only to blame? If we are to conclude
ourselves unhappy by as many degrees as thee
are others greater than we, why then the greatest
part of mankind must be miserable, in some de-
gree at least. But, if they who repine at their
own adlicted condition, would but reckon up how
many more there are with whom they would not
cheap cases, than whose pleasures they enry,
the would certainly rise up better satisfied from
sh a calculation. But what shall we say to
those who have a way of creating themselves
pmni from the rustling of the wind, the scratch-
Sof a Rat or Mouse behind the hangin the
futating of a Moth, or the motion of their own
shadowy moonlight? Thir whle life is as full
of laum as that ofa Iuleags they never tI
themselves so hay u when,like the timomr
lks in the fabi a meet with a set of rea6tes
ma Lul a r v selves.



Taz Wolf having laid in a store of pr
vision, kept close at home, and made much di
himself. The Fox observed this, and thinklz
it something particular, went to visit him, th
better to inform himself of the truth of
matter. The Wolf excused himself
ing him, by pretending he was very much
posed. All this did but confirm the Fox in h
suspicions: so away he goes to a shepherd, ai
made discovery of the Wolf; tellin hni, IL
had nothing else to do but to come with a go
weapon and knock him on the head as he lay
in hs cave.' The shepherd followed his dIhe-
#one, and killed the Wolf. The wicked Fe
banoyed the cave and provisions to himself, bu
enjoyed them not long; for the same shepherd
pasng afterwards by the same hole, and ism
ing the F there, dispatched him also.


This fable seems to be directed against the
odious trade of informing. Not that ring in-
formation against criminals and enemies of the
public is in itself odious, for it is commendable;
but the circumstances and manner of doing it
oftentimes make it a vile and detestable em-
ployment. He that accuses another merely for
the sake of the promised reward, or in hopes oi
getting his forfeited estate, or with any other
such mercenary view, nay, even to save his
own lie, whatever M gets by the bargain, is
sure to lose his reputation: for, indeed, the
most innocent company is not safe with such a
one in it, nor the neighbourhood secure in which
he lives. A villain of his stamp, whose only
end is getting, will as soon betray the innocent
as the guilty: let him but know where there is
a suspected person, and propose the reward and
he will scarce fail to work the suspicion up to
high-trason, or be at a loss to give sufficient
proofs of it. We have no small comfort con-
cerning this sort of people, when we consider
how improbable it is that they should thrive or
prospeflong In their ill-gotten possessions. For
he that can betray another for the sake of a
little pelf, must be a man of such bad princi-
ples, that it cannot be for the interest of any
community to suffer him to live long in it. Be-
sides, he himself will not be contented with one
single villany; and there is no fear but he will
provoke justice to hurl down upon his head at
least as great a calamity as he, by his malicious
information, has brought upon another.

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