Citation
Small farms in an ever-changing world

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Title:
Small farms in an ever-changing world meeting the challenges of sustainable livelihoods and food security in diverse rural communities
Alternate title:
Program booklet 17th Symposium of the International Farming Systems Association
Cover title:
Program agenda - Small farms in an ever-changing world meeting the challenges of sustainable livelihoods and food security in diverse rural communities, 2002
Portion of title:
17th Symposium of the International Farming Systems Association
Creator:
University of Florida -- Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
Conference:
Symposium of the International Farming Systems Association, 2002
International Farming Systems Association
Place of Publication:
[Gainesville Fla.]
Publisher:
Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida
Publication Date:
Language:
English
Physical Description:
38 p. : ill. ; 22 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Agricultural systems -- Congresses ( lcsh )
Agricultural systems -- Congresses -- Developing countries ( lcsh )
Agricultural extension work -- Congresses ( lcsh )
Genre:
non-fiction ( marcgt )
conference publication ( marcgt )

Notes

General Note:
"November 17-20, 2002."
General Note:
"Project #0206."
Funding:
Florida Historical Agriculture and Rural Life
Statement of Responsibility:
IFSA.

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Copyright 2005, Board of Trustees, University
of Florida




PROGRAM AGENDA


rC '
Av
#





Program Booklet


17th Symposium of the
International Farming
Systems Association
SMALL FARMS IN AN EVER-CHANGING WORLD:



if Sa
International Farming Systems Association
Meeting the challenges of sustainable livelihoods
and food security in diverse rural communities

November 17-20, 2002
Lake Buena Vista, Florida USA
UNIVERSITY OF
oFLORIDA
Institute of food and Agricultural Sciences


Project #0206





November 17-20, 2002 Lake Buena Vista, Florida

CONFERENCE SPONSORS

'WegratefulTy acknowledge the support, involvement and interest
of our sponsors andparticiating organizations:

Food First Institute for Food and Development Policy

Iowa State University, North Central Regional Center
for Rural Development (NCRCRD)

North Carolina State University,
College of Agriculture and Life Sciences

Southern Illinois University,
College of Agricultural Sciences

Texas A & M University,
International Agriculture Programs

University of Florida,
Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences

University of Georgia, Sustainable Agricultural &
Natural Resource Management Collaborative Research
Support Program (SANREM CRSP)







17th Symposium of the International Farming Systems Association (IFSA)






November 17-20, 2002 Lake Buena Vista, Florida


TABLE OF CONTENTS

Conference Sponsors ............................................................... 1

Invited Speaker Biographies ................................................... 5

Program Agenda ..................................................................... 13

Poster Directory ...................................................................... 27

Tool Bazaar Descriptions....................................................... 33

N otes ........................................................................................ 37








17th Symposium of the International Farming Systems Association (IFSA)






November 17-20, 2002 Lake Buena Vista, Florida


INVITED SPEAKER BIOGRAPHIES


Adela Backiel
Adela Backiel is the Director of Sustainable Development for the United States Department of
Agriculture (USDA). In this position, she develops, guides and coordinates policies and
programs in sustainable agriculture, sustainable forestry, and sustainable rural communities and
works to integrate the concepts on sustainable development into USDA operations. She is the
Chair of the USDA Council on Sustainable Development and the USDA lead for the World
Summit on Sustainable Development. Ms. Backiel also leads the USDA delegation to the United
Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. From 1995-1999 she served as the USDA
liaison to the President's Council on Sustainable Development.
Ms. Backiel was Deputy Under Secretary for Natural Resources and Environment at USDA from
1993-95. She was appointed to oversee the national and international policies and programs of
the USDA Forest Service and represented USDA before Congress, with other Departments, the
news media, and constituent groups, and in international negotiations and meetings.
From 1983 to 1993, Ms. Backiel was a specialist in natural resources policy and Head of the
Environmental Protection Section with the Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress.
In these capacities, she provided objective, non-partisan information, advice, and policy research
to all Members and Committees of Congress, specializing in issues related to public and private
forestry, public land management and planning, grazing and grazing fees, and ecosystem
management. In addition, she supervised eight employees with responsibilities in environmental
protection issues, such as recycling and air and water quality.
Ms. Backiel started her career with the USDA Forest Service in 1974 as a soil scientist on the
Tongass National Forest in Southeast Alaska. From 1980 -1983, she was a forester in the
national headquarters office in Washington, D.C. on the policy analysis and long-range planning
staffs.
Ms. Backiel holds a Bachelor of Science in Forest Resources (1974) and a Masters in Public
Administration (1980) from the University of Washington in Seattle, Washington.
Ms. Backiel served on the Board of Directors of American Forests, a non-profit organization for
citizens interested in America's trees and forests, from 1992-93. She is an elected Fellow of the
Society of American Foresters (SAF), the professional association for foresters. In 1991, she
received the SAF's national award for leadership, the "Young Forester Leadership Award,"
given for "outstanding leadership in the development and promotion of programs and projects
benefitting the Society and the practice of forestry."
Speaker Contact Information:
Adela Backiel, Director, Sustainable Development, USDA, Phone: (202) 720-2456, Fax: (202) 690-4915 Fax






17th Symposium of the International Farming Systems Association (IFSA)


Thomas Forster
Mr. Forster is a small farmer in San Juan County, Washington (located 70 miles north of Seattle)
and has worked to develop direct urban rural partnerships to promote local food systems. In the
past he helped bring about a community development loan fund for local farms and the first
community-owned county mobile livestock processing infrastructure for small scale independent
producers in the United States. He has 20 years of national and international public policy
experience working with rural development, sustainable agriculture, food security and
sustainable development issues. Since 2000, the Sustainable Agriculture and Rural Development
(SARD) Initiative facilitated by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization has been a major
focus and was recently launched at the World Summit on Sustainable Development in
Johannesburg. Currently Thomas is Policy Director for the Community Food Security Coalition,
in Washington DC, where he works to bring policies in support of community food systems
forward in federal policy including the forthcoming reauthorization of the Child Nutrition Act.

Speaker Contact Information:
Thomas Forster, Commumity Food Security Coalition, 1823 Irving St. NW, Washington DC 20010,
Phone: 202.234.1175, Fax: 202-234-6250, Email: thomas@foodsecurity.org, Web Site: www.foodsecurity.org







November 17-20, 2002 Lake Buena Vista, Florida


Felipe P. Manteiga

Felipe P. Manteiga, is the Director of Strategic Partnerships and
Representative in the United States for the Inter-American Institute for
Cooperation on Agriculture (IICA). Previously he was Director of the
Office of Agriculture and Food Security of the United States Agency
for International Development (USAID) from 2000 to 2002. He was
S. Director of the Office of Economic Growth at USAID/Haiti from 1997
to 2000, Deputy Director of the Office of Economic Growth at
USAID/India from 1993 to 1997.
"! Before that, Mr. Manteiga was Chief of the General Development
Office USAID/Guinea from 1991 to 1993, Chief of the Office of
Private Enterprise Development at USAID/Guatemala from 1987 to
1991. He was Deputy Director of the Office of Rural Development at USAID/Honduras from
1982 to 1987, Assistant Agricultural Development Officer at the Office of Development
Research, Bureau for Latin America and the Caribbean from 1980 to 1982.

In addition to his extensive assignments in the USAID, Mr. Manteiga worked as an Agricultural
Economic Advisor for USDA/PSSA with USAID/Dominican Republic from 1977 to 1979 and as
Agricultural Economic Advisor, Secretary of Agriculture in the Dominican Republic from 1975
to 1977.

Mr. Manteiga holds a MA (Economics/Market Integration) from the University of Florida (1972)
and has concluded studies towards his Ph.D (ABD) at the University of Florida (1974).

Mr. Manteiga is fluent in Spanish and English and has a working knowledge/basic
communication skill in French and Portuguese.

Speaker Contact Information:
Felipe Manteiga, Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture (IICA), 1775 K Streeet, N.W., Suite 320
Washington, D.C. 20006 USA, Phone: (202) 458-6959, Fax: (202) 458-6335, E-mail: fmanteiga@iicawash.org






17th Symposium of the International Farming Systems Association (IFSA)


David Norman

David W. Norman is Professor of Agricultural Economics at Kansas
*'? State University. He is British and spent twenty years working in
national agricultural research systems in Africa. He spent 1965-76 in
Nigeria where he was head of the Ford Foundation sponsored Rural
Economy Research Unit and head of the Department of Agricultural
1% .Economics and Rural Sociology at Ahmadu Bello University. From
1982-90 he was in Botswana where he was Chief of Party of the
Mid-America International Agricultural Consortium (MIAC)
S/ USAID sponsored Agricultural Technology Improvement Project
I / under the Ministry of Agriculture. He played a major role in the
development and popularization of the farming systems research
approach, including the initiation of the International Farming
Systems Association of which he is a past president. He continues to take on short-term
assignments (mostly as team leader) in many countries (i.e., around 70) in Africa, Asia and the
South Pacific for many different agencies including UNDP, FAO, CGIAR system, DFID, DGIS,
Rockefeller and Ford Foundations, and so forth. He teaches courses in the poverty and
international agricultural development area and in Spring 2000 was awarded the College of
Agriculture Faculty of the Semester Award. He is the author of nearly 200 publications (books,
manuals, journal articles and papers) and about 50 consultancy reports.

Speaker Contact Information:
David Norman, Professor, Agricultural Economics, 311 Waters Hall, Kansas State University, Manhattan, Ks
66506 USA, Phone: 785-532-4484, Fax: 785-532-6925, Email: dnorman@agecon.ksu.edu,
Web Site: www.agecon.ksu.edu/faculty/norman.html







November 17-20, 2002 Lake Buena Vista, Florida


Miguel Angel Nfiifez

Miguel Angel Niflez is a Venezuelan with a B.S. degree from Utah State
:' University and M.S. degree in Food Science and Nutrition from Colorado
SState University.

He is the General Manager of the National Institute for Educational
t; Z'.* Cooperation (INCE) in Venezuela.

S His most recent publications are in the area of agricultural ecology.


Speaker Contact Information:
Miguel Nitiez, IPIAT, Apartado 40, Barinas Barinas State 5101A, Venezuela, Phone: 58-416-6732190,
Fax: 58-273-5523959, Email: ipiat2000@yahoo.es







17th Symposium of the International Farming Systems Association (IFSA)


Rena S. Perez
Born in New York City in 1935, at the age of five her parents
moved to a farm in upper NY State where, besides helping to run a
family egg business after school, in the summer, grew peas and .. V'
squash for a baby food factory and cucumbers for a local pickle *
factory.

Enrolled in agriculture in Comell University in 1954. Spent her
junior year in Paris studying at the University of Paris (Sorbonne)
where she met her future husband, a Cuban.
At Cornell, majored in entomology, graduated in 1958 and
received a Fellowship from U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare as a Pre-
Doctoral Trainee in Parasitology and Medical Entomology at School of Tropical Medicine,
University of Puerto Rico, San Juan, Puerto Rico.

Since 1959, has lived in Cuba involved with the following activities:

V 1964-1970 Founder of Institute of Animal Science, Ministry of Higher Education, where
she obtained her Ph D. in Poultry Science, Chief Investigator & Head of Poultry
Department, Institute of Animal Science, Havana;

V 1970-1979 Head of Department of Production of Swine Feeders/Fatteners and Head of
Department of Reproduction, National Swine Enterprise, Havana, Cuba;
V 1979-1983 Head of Department of Technology and Mechanization; Advisor to Director,
Swine Research Institute, Ministry of Agriculture, Havana, Cuba;
V 1983-2000: Department of Complementary Agricultural Production, Ministry of Sugar,
Havana, involved in setting up animal production systems in the 156 sugar mills of the
island;

V 2000-present: retired, advisor to Department of Food Security, Ministry of Sugar, Havana,
Cuba, where first introduced to the island through the cane cooperatives the System of
Rice Intensification.
* 1992: Short-term (6-month) Feed Resources Officer, AGAP, FAO/HQ, Rome, Italy

* 1991-present: has participated in numerous consultancies and expert consultations for FAO
in Asia/Latin America in Animal Production and/or Feed Resources related to sustainable
systems of production using sugarcane and other local resources
* Publications: numerous articles for expert consultations for FAO and other organizations
related to sustainable systems of animal production and author of Feeding pigs in the tropics
FAO Animal Prod. & Health Paper 132, 1997, Rome pp 185

Speaker Contact Information:
Rena Perez, Comell University, CIFAD, 31 Warren Hall, Ithaca, NY 14853 USA, Phone: 607-255-0831,
Fax: 607-255-5131, Email: rena@mail.minaz.cu






November 17-20, 2002 Lake Buena Vista, Florida


Jules Pretty
Professor Jules Pretty is Director of the Centre for Environment and
Society and member of the Department of Biological Sciences at the
University of Essex. He has published widely, and his books include
'The Living Land: Agriculture, Food and Community Regeneration in
Rural Europe' (1998), 'Regenerating Agriculture: Policies and Practice
for Sustainability and Self-Reliance' (1995), 'Fertile Ground: The
Impacts of Participatory Watershed Management (1999, co-authored),
j A 'The Trainers Guide for Participatory Learning and Action'(1995, co-
authored); 'The Hidden Harvest Wild Foods and Agricultural Systems'
(1992, co-authored); 'Unwelcome Harvest: Agriculture and Pollution'
(1991, co-authored), and Agri-Culture: Reconnecting People, Land and
Nature (2002).
He is Deputy-Chair of the government's Advisory Committee on Releases to the Environment
(ACRE). He is a regular speaker, contributor to media, and presenter of the 1999 BBC Radio 4
series Ploughing Eden and contributor and writer for the 2001 BBC TV Correspondent
programme The Magic Bean. He received a 1997 award from the Indian Ecological Society for
"Intemational Contributions to Sustainable and Ecological Agriculture". He was appointed A D
White Professor-at-Large by Comell University for six years from 2001. He is a founding member
of the Agricultural Reform Group and the Neighbourhood Think Tank, editorial advisor to
academic journals, vice-president of Suffolk-ACRE, member of the Institute of Biology and
British Agricultural History Society, adviser to government on social and environmental
development, and adviser to the corporate sector. He was appointed to the International Jury for the
Slow Food Award in 2002.

Speaker Contact Information:
Jules Pretty, Centre for Environment and Society and Dept of Biological Sciences, University of Essex, Wivenhoe
Park, Colchester C04 3SQ, UK, Phone: +44-(0)1206-873323, Fax: +44-(0)1206-873416,
Email: jpretty@essex.ac.uk, Web Site: www2.essex.ac.uk/ces/







17th Symposium of the International Farming Systems Association (IFSA)

Howard-Yana Shapiro

Dr. Howard-Yana Shapiro is Research Manager for Plant Science of M&M/Mars, Mars Inc. and
Vice President/Agriculture of Seeds of Change

Dr. Shapiro was recently invited and accepted a position of Co-chair for the International 1"s
World Congress of Agroforestry

Speaker Contact Information:
Howard-Yana Shapiro, Research Manager, M&M Mars/Mars, Inc, Plant Science, PO Box 34, San Juan Pueblo, NM
87566 USA, Phone: 702-528-6509, EMAIL: howard.shapiro@effem.com







November 17-20, 2002 Lake Buena Vista, Florida


Norman Uphoff

-: Norman Uphoff has been director of the Cornell International Institute for
SFood, Agriculture and Development (CIIFAD) since 1990 and a faculty
Fl1 "member in the Department of Government at Cornell University since 1970.
.. For most of the years between 1970 and 1990, he served as chair of the Rural
SDevelopment Committee in Comell's Center for International Studies,
^ working on various aspects of participatory rural development (farmer
organization, decentralization, social capital, etc.) When CIIFAD was
established in 1990 to advance both knowledge and practice for sustainable
agricultural and rural development, Uphoffs new responsibilities reoriented
him more toward problems of sustainable development and agroecology.

He first learned about the System of Rice Intensification (SRI), developed in Madagascar in the
early 1980s by Fr. Henri de Laulani6, SJ, in 1993. It was not until 1997 that he was willing to
give much credence to this system -- which was raising farmers' irrigated rice yields, using only
about half as much water as usual, from about 2 tons/hectare to an average of 8 t/ha -- without
requiring the use of new seeds or chemical fertilizers. A few farmers who used the methods most
skillfully were able to get 12 to 16 t/ha.

It took Uphoff several years of working with Malagasy students doing thesis research on SRI (on
farmers' fields) and much reading into the crop and soil science literature to understand better the
agronomic features of the system and Fr. de Laulanie's insightful explanations for the system's
success. It also took several years to get colleagues in other countries to try out this very unusual
methodology. In 1999, Nanjing Agricultural University in China reported results of 9.2-10.5 t/ha
with SRI, and in the 1999-2000 season, the Agency for Agricultural Research and Development
in Indonesia, one of the major rice institutes in the world, got 6.5 t/ha with these methods,
several tons per hectare higher than with conventional methods. The next season the Agency's
SRI yield reached 9.5 t/ha. Since then, after three years of evaluation, AARD has made SRI part
of its new national strategy for Integrated Crop and Resource Management. In the past three
years, SRI evaluation has spread to at least 15 countries beyond Madagascar.
There are several challenges with SRI: to understand how such remarkable increases in yield
are possible, some of them beyond what has been considered to be "the biological ceiling" for
rice production; to disseminate knowledge of this system to smallholder farmers around the
world in terms that they can utilize; and to integrate the methods into farming systems, since
households must consider production needs and activities beyond that of their basic staple food.
By raising the productivity of land, labor, water and capital, SRI opens up new possibilities for
diversifying smallholder production systems, meeting staple needs with less land, labor, water
and capital. This approach is already being explored in Cambodia and Sri Lanka. Uphoff has
been trying to anchor SRI in the context of agroecological theory and practice, as seen in his
contribution on SRI in the book he edited, Avroecological Innovations: Increasing Food
Production with Participatory Development (Earthscan, 2002). This book come out of an
international conference that Uphoff organized with Miguel Altieri and held at the Rockefeller
Center in Bellagio, Italy, in April 1999. An article on SRI written with two CGIAR scientists,
Willem Stoop and Amir Kassam, was published in Agricultural Systems in January 2002. The
SRI home page (http://ciifad.comell.edu/sri/) makes available the proceedings of an international
conference on SRI held in China in April 2002 giving results and analysis from 15 countries.

Speaker Contact Information:
Norman Uphoff, Comell University, CIFAD, 31 Warren Hall, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA; PII 607-255-0831;
FAX 607-255-5131; EMAIL: ntul@comell.edu







17th Symposium of the International Farming Systems Association (IFSA)






November 17-20, 2002 Lake Buena Vista, Florida


PROGRAM AGENDA

Sunday, November 17, 2002
1:00pm-7:00pm Registration Office Open [WESTMINISTER ROOM]
1:00pm-7:00pm Set-Up of Posters Displays and Tool Bazaar Exhibits
7:00pm-9:00pm Poolside Welcome Reception

Monday, November 18, 2002


7:00am-6:00pm
7:00am-6:3Opm





7:00am-8:00am

8:00am-9:30am



8:00am-8:10am


8:10am-8:30am


8:30am-9:00am



9:00am-9:30am



9:3Oam-9:45am


9:45am-10:30am


Registration Office Open [WESTMINISTER ROOM]
Posters, Tools and Exhibits on Display: Poster presentations and tool
bazaar exhibits will be on display throughout the conference, with
viewing time scheduled during daily refreshment breaks. A formal
POSTER and TOOL BAZAAR SESSION is scheduled from 3:00pm-
4:00pm on Monday, November 18, 2002 when presenters are to be
stationed at their displays.
Early Morning Refreshments (Served in Poster & Tool Bazaar Display
Area)
OPENING PLENARY SESSION [SALONS V, VI, VII]
MODERATORS: Constance Neely, University of Georgia, SANREM
CRSP, Watkinsville, GA, USA and Cornelia Flora, Iowa State
University NCRCRD, Ames, IA, USA
Welcoming Remarks Peter Hildebrand, Director, International
Programs, University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural
Sciences, Gainesville, Florida, USA
Opening Address Michael Martin, Vice President, Agriculture and
Natural Resources, University of Florida, Institute of Food and
Agricultural Sciences, Gainesville, Florida, USA
Agri-Culture: The Past, Present & Future of Farming Systems -
Jules Pretty, Professor, Centre for Environment and Society and
Department of Biological Sciences, University of Essex, Wivenhoe
Park, Colchester, UK
Effecting Change: Progress, Policies and Partnerships following the
World Summit on Sustainable Development Ms. Adela Backiel,
Director of Sustainable Development, United States Department of
Agriculture, Washington, DC, USA
Housekeeping Remarks by Organizing Committee Introduction of
Board Members, Overview of Symposium Structure and
Acknowledgements
Posters and Tool Bazaar Exhibits on Display (refreshments provided)






17th Symposium of the International Farming Systems Association (IFSA)


Monday. November 18, 2002 (continued)


10:30am-12noon
10:30am-12noon




10:30am-10:40am
10:40am-ll:00am

ll:00am-ll:20am

11:20am-11:40am


11:40am-12 noon
10:30am-12 noon



10:30am-10:40am
10:40am-11:00am




11:00am-ll:20am





11:20am-11:40am




11:40am-12 noon


FOUR CONCURRENT SESSIONS
Concurrent Session I -Theme 1: Small Farm Diversification and
Competitiveness [SALONS V, VI, VII]
MODERATOR: Corinne Valdivia, University of Missouri Columbia,
Social Sciences Unit, Department of Agricultural Economics and
Department of Rural Sociology, Columbia, Missouri, USA
Opening Remarks and Session Overview by Moderator
Public Policy, Markets and Social Learning in Chile's Small Scale
Agriculture Julio A. Berdegud, RIMISP, Santiago, Chile............ (p. 7)
What is the Future for Management Advice for Family Farms in
West Africa? Guy Faure, CIRAD Montpellier France............... (p. 9)
Agroecological Systems as a Strategy to Promote Sustainable
Development for Small Family Farmers S. L. G. Pinheiro,
A. M. Cardoso, V. Turnes, W. Schmidt, R. Brito, and T Guzzatti ...(p. 12)
Q&A between speakers and audience facilitated by Moderator
Concurrent Session II Theme 2: Engaging Stakeholders in Support
of Small Farms [DOVER ROOM LOBBY LEVEL]
MODERATOR: Kathleen Colverson, Heifer International, Gainesville,
FL, USA
Opening Remarks and Session Overview by Moderator
An Evaluation of Participatory Action Research in the
Transamaz6nica Region of Brazil C. F. Jordan and C. Castellanet,
Institute of Ecology, Univ. of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, USA, Groupe
de Recherche et d'Echanges Technologiques (GRET), Paris,
France....... ....................................... ...................................(p. 24)
Facilitated Learning in Soil Fertility Management: Assessing
Potentials of Low-External-Input Technologies in East African
Farming Systems A. De Jager', D. Onduru and C. Walaga3;
'Wageningen University and Research Center, Agricultural Economics
Research Institute (LEI), Den Haag, The Netherlands; 2ETC- East
Africa, Nairobi, Kenya; Environmental Alert, Kampala, Uganda.(p. 22)
Testing Scenarios on the Viability of Smallholding Irrigation
Schemes in South Africa: A Participatory and Information-Based
Approach S. R. Perret, University of Pretoria and CIRAD,
Department of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Rural
Development, Pretoria, South Africa..............................................(p. 28)
Q&A between speakers and audience facilitated by Moderator







November 17-20, 2002 Lake Buena Vista, Florida


Monday, November 18, 2002 (continued)


10:30am-12 noon



10:30am-10:40am
10:40am-11:00am






ll:00am- 1:20am









ll:20am-ll:40am



11:40am-12 noon
10:30am-12 noon



10:30am-10:40am
10:40am- 1:00am




11:00am-ll:20am


Concurrent Session III -Theme 3: Farming Systems Knowledge and
Information Systems [SALONS VIII, IX]
MODERATOR: Doyle Baker, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO),
Agricultural Support Systems Division, FAO, Rome, Italy
Opening Remarks and Session Overview by Moderator
Calculating Environmental Indicators for Individual Farms and
Fields: The Case of Potato Cultivation in the Netherlands -
J. W. A. Langeveld", P. WJ. Uithol", B. Kroonen-Backbier and
H. van de Akker3; 'Plant Research International, 2Applied Plant
Research, 3DLV Advisory Group; "Wageningen University and
Research Centre, The Netherlands.......................................(p. 39)
An Assessment of Low Input Farming Systems and Their Adoption:
Some Evidence from the UK A. P.Bailey', T. Rethm2, C. M. Yates2,
J. R.Park2 and R. B. Tranter3; 'Institute of Water and Environment,
Cranfield University, Silsoe, Bedfordshire, UK; 2The University of
Reading, Department of Agriculture, School of Agriculture, Policy and
Development, New Agriculture Building, Earley Gate, Reading, UK;
3The University of Reading, Centre for Agricultural Strategy, School of
Agriculture, Policy and Development, New Agriculture Building, Earley
Gate, Reading, UK .............................. .......................................(p. 41)
Integrating Soil Resources into Economic Accounting at the Farm
Level: A Brief Overview Pilar Santacoloma, Farm Management and
Production Economics, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United
Nations- Terme delle Caracalla, Rome, Italy ................................(p. 42)
Q&A between speakers and audience facilitated by Moderator
Concurrent Session IV -Theme 1: Small Farm Diversification and
Competitiveness [SALONS X, XI]
MODERATOR: Christine King, The University of Queensland Gatton
Campus, Toowoomba, Qld, Australia
Opening Remarks and Session Overview by Moderator
Rural Agro-Enterprises, Value Adding and Poverty Reduction:
A Territorial Orientation for Rural Business Development (RBD) -
Mark Lundy, Carlos Felipe Ostertag and Rupert Best, Centro
Intemacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT), Rural Agro-enterprise
Development Project, Cali, Colombia, South America...................(p. 10)
Farming Systems Based Strategies for Improved Rural Livelihoods
in Eastern Europe and Central Asia Stjepan Tanic and John Dixon,
Farming Systems Development Officer in the FAO Subregional Office
for Central and Eastern Europe and Senior Officer (Farming Systems) in
the Farm Management and Production Economics Service, FAO HQ,
Rom e, Italy .......................... ................................................. (p. 8)






17th Symposium of the International Farming Systems Association (IFSA)


Monday, November 18, 2002 (continued)


ll:20am- 1:40am




ll:40am-12 noon
12 noon-l:30pm
1:30pm-3:00pm



1:30pm-2:00pm




2:00pm-2:30pm



2:30pm-3:00pm
3:00pm-4:00pm

4:00pm-5:30pm
4:00pm-5:30pm




4:00pm-4:10pm
4:10pm-4:30pm




4:30pm-4:50pm



4:50pm-5:10pm



5:10pm-5:30pm


Market Oriented Smallholder Dairy Farming as an Option for
Improving the Livelihoods of Small and Marginal Farmers in the
Hindu Kush Himalaya Pradeep M. Tulachan and Mohammad
Jabbar, International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development
(ICIMOD), International Livestock Research Centre (ILRI)..........(p. 15)
Q&A between speakers and audience facilitated by Moderator
Lunch on Own
PLENARY SESSION [SALONS V, VI, VII]
MODERATOR: Peter Hildebrand, University of Florida/IFAS, Food &
Resource Economics Department and IFAS International Programs,
Gainesville, FL, USA
Linking the Isolated Rural Poor to the New Globalization
Paradigm: Institutional Bridges Felipe Manteiga, Director For
Strategic Partnerships, Representative in the United States, Inter-
American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture, Washington, DC,
USA
Access to Genetic Resources, Genetic Diversification, Seed
Production and Integrated Cropping/Production Systems Howard-
Yana Shapiro, Research Manager, Plant Science, M&M/Mars, Mars,
Inc., Hackettstown, NJ, USA
Q&A between speakers and audience facilitated by Moderator
Formal Poster & Tool Bazaar Session with Refreshments (Presenters
to be stationed at posters and tool bazaar displays.)
FOUR CONCURRENT SESSIONS
Concurrent Session I -Theme 4: Farming Systems Education and
Training [SALONS VIII, IX]
MODERATOR: Michael Bannister, University of Florida, Center for
Subtropical Agroforestry, School of Forest Resources and Conservation,
Gainesville, FL, USA
Opening Remarks and Session Overview by Moderator
Building Capacity for Ecological-Based Reasoning in Farmer
Management of Shaded Coffee in Central America J. Haggar,
F. Guhuray, D. Monterroso, C. Staver, A. Aguilar, M. Barrios,
R. Mendoza, J. Monterrey and R. Rugama, Centro Agron6mico Tropical
de Investigaci6n y Ensefianza, Managua, Nicaragua.....................(p. 45)
Communicating Agricultural Research in Africa: The New Role of
Rural Radio Helen Hambly Odame, Research Officer, International
Service for National Agricultural Research, The Hague,
The N etherlands....... .................................................................. (p. 45)
Curricula Change and Human Resource Development for
Integrated Farming Systems in Semi-Arid Tropical Conditions -
K. P. Singh and R. K. Nanwal, Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana
Agricultural University, Hisar, India............................................... 46)
Q&A between speakers and audience facilitated by Moderator







November 17-20, 2002 Lake Buena Vista, Florida


Monday, November 18, 2002 (continued)


4:00pm-5:30pm



4:00pm-4:10pm
4:10pm-4:30pm


4:30pm-4:50pm


4:50pm-5:10pm



5:10pm-5:30pm
4:00pm-5:30pm



4:00pm-4:10pm
4:10pm-4:30pm




4:30pm-4:50pm




4:50pm-5:10pm



5:10pm-5:30pm


Concurrent Session II-Theme 5: Food Safety and Security [DOVER
ROOM LOBBY LEVEL]
MODERATOR: Clive Lightfoot, Agropolis International, International
Support Group (ISG), Montpellier, France
Opening Remarks and Session Overview by Moderator
Case Study on the Traceability Systems in the Fruit and Vegetable
Sector C. Giacomini, M. C. Mancini and C. Mora, Department of
Economics and Quantitative studies, Parma, Italy........................ (p. 49)
Impact of Trade Liberalization on Small Farmers Sri Lanka's
Experience N.F.C. Ranaweera, Ministry of Agriculture and
Livestock, Battaramulla, Sri Lanka............................................(p. 49)
The Invisible Frontier: The Current Limits of Decentralization and
Privatization in Developing Countries William M. Rivera, College
of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Maryland, College
Park, M D, U SA ............................. .............................................(p. 50)
Q&A between speakers and audience facilitated by Moderator
Concurrent Session III -Theme 1: Small Farm Diversification and
Competitiveness [SALONS V, VI, VII]
MODERATOR: Howard-Yana Shapiro, M&M Mars/Mars, Inc.,
Hackettstown, NJ, USA
Opening Remarks and Session Overview by Moderator
Diversification of Perennial Crops to Offset Market Uncertainties:
The Case of Traditional Rubber Farming Systems in West-
Kalimantan Eric Penot, CIRAD-TERA, program THI (Tropiques
Humides et Insulaires), Montpellier, France; Karine Trouillard,
CNEARC, Montpellier, France ...................................................(p. 11)
Rural Livelihoods and Agroforestry Practices in the Missouri Flood
Plains Corinne Valdivia, Sandra S. Hodge and Andrew Raedeke,
University of Missouri Columbia, Social Sciences Unit, Department of
Agricultural Economics and Department of Rural Sociology, Columbia,
M issouri, U SA ...........................................................................(p. 17)
Agroforestry and Farm Diversification in the Southeastern United
States S. W. Workman and P. K. R. Nair, Center for Subtropical
Agroforestry, School of Forest Resources and Conservation, University
of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA................................................(p. 17)
Q&A between speakers and audience facilitated by Moderator







17th Symposium of the International Farming Systems Association (IFSA)


Monday, November 18, 2002 (continued)


4:00pm-5:30pm



4:00pm-4:10pm
4:10pm-4:30pm


4:30pm-4:50pm









4:50pm-5:10pm




5:10pm-5:30pm
5:30pm-7:30pm


Concurrent Session IV -Theme 3: Farming Systems Knowledge and
Information Systems [SALONS X, XI]
MODERATOR: John Caldwell, Japan International Center for
Agricultural Sciences (JIRCAS), Ohwashi Tsukuba, Ibaragi, Japan
Opening Remarks and Session Overview by Moderator
Family Dynamics and Household Welfare in Cafiete, Peru -
V. E. Cabrera and P. E. Hildebrand, University of Florida, College of
Natural Resources and Environment. Gainesville, FL, USA..........(p. 34)
Growth Performance and Meat Production of Fattened Paddy
Herded Ducks Fed Fish Silage Mixed Diets Antonio J. Barroga,
Department of Agri-Management, College of Agriculture, Central
Luzon State University, Munoz, Nueva Ecija, Philippines; Prof Rocelyn
M. Barroga, Department of Agri-Management, College of Agriculture,
Central Luzon State University, Munoz, Nueva Ecija, Philippines;
Dr. Prof Hisaya Tobioka and Dr. Rahjeev Pradhan, Laboratory of
Animal Nutrition, School of Agriculture, Kyushu Tokai University,
Choyo-son, Aso-gun, Kumamoto, Japan.........................................(p. 33)
From Measuring to Assessing of Families' Living Standard. The
Application of Fuzzy Alpha-Cuts and Monte Carlo Simulation: A
Case from Brazil M. Alves dos Reys and W. Doppler, University of
Hohenheim, Institute of Agricultural Economics and Social Sciences in
the Tropics and Subtropics, Stuttgart, Germany............................(p. 36)
Q&A between speakers and audience facilitated by Moderator
Networking Social (in Poster and Tool Bazaar Display Area)


Tuesday, November 19, 2002


7:00am-6:00pm
7:00am-6:30pm
7:00am-8:00am

8:00am-9:30am


8:00am-8:10am
8:10am-9:00am


Registration Office Open [WESTMINISTER ROOM]
Posters and Tool Bazaar Exhibits on Display
Early Morning Refreshments (Served in Poster & Tool Bazaar Display
Area)
OPENING PLENARY SESSION [SALONS V, VI, VII]
MODERATOR: Edwin Price, Texas A & M University, International
Agriculture Programs, College Station, TX, USA
Housekeeping Remarks by Organizing Committee
PANEL SESSION: "New Low-External-Input Approach to Rice
Farming: Double Output with Lower Costs and Increased Benefit to
the Environment" Norman Uphoff, Director and Panel Chair,
Cornell International Institute for Food, Agriculture and Development,
Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA; Rena Perez, Advisor, Ministry of
Sugar, Havana, Cuba; and Nimal Ranaweera, Ministry of Agriculture
and Livestock, Battaramulla, Sri Lanka







November 17-20, 2002 Lake Buena Vista, Florida


Tuesday, November 19, 2002 (continued)


9:00am-9:30am


9:30am-9:45am
9:45am-10:30am
10:30am-12 noon
10:30am-12 noon



10:30am-10:40am
10:40am-ll:00am


ll:00am-ll:20am



11:20am-ll:40am


11:40am-12 noon
10:30am-12 noon



10:30am-10:40am
10:40am-11:00am




11:00am-11:20am



11:20am-11:40am


11:40am-12 noon


The Sustainable Agriculture and Rural Development: A Perspective
from the South MiguelAngelNunez, Instituto para la producci6n e
Investigaci6n Agricola Tropical (IPIAT)), Venezuela; Thomas Forster,
International Partners for Sustainable Agriculture in Washington, DC,
USA
Q&A between speakers and audience facilitated by Moderator
Posters and Tool Bazaar Exhibits on Display (refreshments provided)
FOUR CONCURRENT SESSIONS
Concurrent Session I -Theme 1: Small Farm Diversification and
Competitiveness [DOVER ROOM LOBBY LEVEL]
MODERATOR: Cornelia Flora, Iowa State University NCRCRD,
Ames, IA, USA
Opening Remarks and Overview by Moderator
The Pastoral-Agricultural Conflicts in Zamfara State, Nigeria -
Bello Farouk Umar, North Central Regional Center for Rural
Development, Iowa State University, Ames, IA, USA .................(p. 16)
Incremental Diversification: The Results of a Crop Diversification
for Low Resource Hillside Farmers in the Dominican Republic -
Carlton Pomeroy, College of Natural Resources, University of Florida,
Gainesville, FL, USA... ........................... ...........................(p. 13)
From Rice to Cocoa through a Political Economy of Dishonesty,
Sulawesi, Indonesia Franoois Ruf, CIRAD, Humid Tropics Program,
Abidjan, Ivory Coast ................................................................... (p. 13)
Q&A between speakers and audience facilitated by Moderator
Concurrent Session II Theme 2: Engaging Stakeholders in Support
ofSmall Farms [SALONS V, VI, VII]
MODERATOR: Mike Collinson, FARM-Africa, Reading, Oxfordshire,
United Kingdom
Opening Remarks and Session Overview by Moderator
Facilitating Multi-Stakeholder Collaboration: Impact and Lessons
Learned Clive Lightfoot, Annemarie Groot, Ricardo Ramirez,
Reg Noble and Isaac Bekalo, International Support Group (ISG);
Francis Shao and Grace Muro, Tanzania Multi-Sector Learning
Coalition (TM LC)........................................................................ (p. 26)
Small Farmer-Private Banking Sector Linkage: The Case of the Dry
Zone of Myanmar D.G. Kahan, Agricultural Support Systems
Division, Food and Agriculture Organization, Via delle Terme di
Caracalla, Rom e, Italy ................................ ..............................(p. 25)
Working with Local Institutions to Support Sustainable Livelihoods
- Robin Marsh, University of California, Center for Sustainable
Resource Development, Berkeley, California, USA.....................(p. 27)
Q&A between speakers and audience facilitated by Moderator






17th Symposium of the International Farming Systems Association (IFSA)


Tuesday, November 19, 2002 (continued)


10:30am-12 noon


10:40am-ll:00am









ll:00am-ll:20am







11:20am-11:40am

11:40am-12 noon
10:30am-12 noon


10:30am-10:40am
10:40am- 1:00am







11:00am-11:20am


Concurrent Session III Theme 3: Farming Systems Knowledge and
Information Systems [SALONS VIII, IX]
MODERATOR: Sarah Workman, University of Florida, Center for
Subtropical Agroforestry, School of Forest Resources and Conservation,
Gainesville, FL, USA
Incorporation of Farmer-Based Climate and Risk Indicators into
Research Design and Farmer Typologies in Southern Mali for
Decision Support John S. Caldwell*, Abou Berthe+, Mamadou
Doumbia+, Hiromitsu Kanno", Kiyoshi Ozawa*, Abdouramane
Yorote+, Kaori Sasaki", Takeshi Sakurai*; Japan International
Research Center for Agricultural Sciences (JIRCAS), Tsukuba, Ibaragi,
Japan; + Institut d'Economie Rurale (IER), Sotuba, Bamako, Mali;
"National Agricultural Research Center for the Tohoku Region,
M orioka, Iwate, Japan ................................................................(p. 34)
The Recent Extension Of Muskwari Sorghums in Northern
Cameroon B. Mathieu*, D. Gautier** and E. Fotsing***; *CIRAD
Tera Centre de cooperation Internationale en Recherche Agronomique
pour le D6veloppement, d6partement Territoires, environnement et
acteurs Montpellier, France; **CIRAD ForEt, Montpellier, France;
***CEDC Centre d'dtude de 1'Environnement et de D6veloppement au
Cameroun Maroua, Cameroon .................................................(p. 40)
Exploring Impact Assessment Methodology for FSRD -
R. N. Mallick, Subash Dasgupta and Musleh Uddin Ahmed........(p. 110)
Q&A between speakers and audience facilitated by Moderator
Concurrent Session IV -Theme 3: Farming Systems Knowledge and
Information Systems [SALONS X, XI]
MODERATOR: Guy Faure, CIRAD, Montpellier, France
Opening Remarks and Session Overview by Moderator
A Framework for Aligning Social and Technical Orientations to
Farming Systems Research, Development and Extension An
Australasian Experience A.E. Crawford', R.A. Nettle',
D.P. Armstrong2and M.S. Paine'; 'Institute of Land and Food
Resources, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia;
2Department of Natural Resources and Environment, Kyabram,
Victoria, Australia.......................................................................(p. 35)
A Global Farming Systems Knowledge Base John Dixon, Aidan
Gulliver, David Gibbon and Malcolm Hall, Agricultural Support
Systems Division, FAO, Rome, Italy ..............................................(p. 35)







November 17-20, 2002 Lake Buena Vista, Florida


Tuesday, November 19, 2002 (continued)


11:20am-11:40am


11:40am-12 noon
12 noon-1:30pm
1:30pm-3:00pm


1:30pm-2:30pm






2:30pm-3:00pm
3:00pm-4:00pm
4:00pm-5:30pm
4:00pm-5:30pm


4:00pm-4:10pm
4:10pm-4:30pm



4:30pm-4:50pm




4:50pm-5:10pm





5:10pm-5:30pm


Does the Sustainable Livelihoods Approach Need a More Explicit
Systems Perspective? Systems Dynamics Modeling to Facilitate
Entry Points to Smallholder Farming Systems Habtemariam
Kassa' and David Gibbon2; 'Department of Rural Development Studies,
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.
Currently at Comell University, Ithaca, New York. 2Rural Livelihood
Systems, Lower Barn, Cheney Longville, Craven Arms, Shropshire,
United Kingdom .........................................................................(p. 38)
Q&A between speakers and audience facilitated by Moderator
Lunch on Own
PLENARY SESSION [SALONS V, VI, VII]
MODERATOR: John Dixon, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO),
Agricultural Support Systems Division, Rome, Italy
PANEL SESSION:
Farming Systems for Rural Development Strategy
Chaired by: John Dixon, Agricultural Support Systems Division, FAO,
Rome, Italy
Panel Members: Asia: Jagadish Timsina; Africa: Susan Minae; East
Europe and Central Asia: Alex Csizinszky
Q&A between speakers and audience facilitated by Moderator
Posters and Tool Bazaar Exhibits on Display (refreshments provided)
FOUR CONCURRENT SESSIONS
Concurrent Session I -Theme 1: Small Farm Diversification and
Competitiveness [DOVER ROOM- LOBBY LEVEL]
MODERATOR: Francois Rff, CIRAD, Cote d'Ivoire, France
Opening Remarks and Session Overview by Moderator
Modeling Potential Adoption of Medicinal Plant Cultivation in
Paraguay Using Ethnographic Linear Programming Norman
Breuer, University of Florida, College of Natural Resources and the
Environment, Gainesville, FL, USA..........................................(p. 7)
Potential Adoption of Improved Fallows to Improve Income and
Food Security of Diverse Smallholder Farmers in Mangwende CA,
Zimbabwe M. Mudhara and P. E. Hildebrand, Food and Resource
Economics, University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural
Sciences, Gainesville, Florida, USA................................................ 10)
The Impact of Poor Health on Agroforestry Adoption and
Household Food Security in Central Malawi P. H. Thangata',
P. E. Hildebrand2 and G. Hyden3; 'Interdisciplinary Ecology, CNRE,
Univ. of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA; 2Dept. of Food and Resource
Economics, Univ. of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA; 3Department of
Political Science, Univ. of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA.............. (p. 14)
Q&A between speakers and audience facilitated by Moderator






17th Symposium of the International Farming Systems Association (IFSA)


Tuesday, November 19, 2002 (continued)


4:00pm-5:30pm


4:00pm-4:10pm
4:10pm-4:30pm





4:30pm-4:50pm


4:50pm-5:10pm



5:10pm-5:30pm
4:00pm-5:30pm



4:00pm-4:10pm
4:10pm-4:30pm


4:30pm-4:50pm




4:50pm-5:10pm


5:10pm-5:30pm


Concurrent Session II-Theme 2: Engaging Stakeholders in Support
ofSmall Farms [SALONS VIII, IX]
MODERATOR: Robin Marsh, University of California, Center for
Sustainable Resource Development, College of Natural Resources,
Berkeley, CA, USA
Opening Remarks and Session Overview by Moderator
The "Negotiation Platform" Method's Limits for Decentralised
Natural Resource Management: Participatory Municipal Planning
in the Brazilian Amazon Christian Castellanet*, Iliana Salgado**
and Carla Rocha**; *Research and Technological Exchange Group
(GRET), Paris, France; ** LAET (Laborat6rio Agro-ecol6gico da
Transamaz6nica), Altamira, Para, Brasil....................................... (p. 20)
Creating a Marketing Network for Limited Resource Farmers -
Kathleen Earl Colverson, Heifer International, Gainesville, Florida,
U SA .................................... ................................................... (p. 21)
Ojali que lueve algo en el campo: Cultural Influences of
Development in the Dominican Republic Heather Mcllvaine-
Newsad, Western Illinois University, Department of Sociology &
Anthropology, College of Arts and Sciences, Macomb, IL, USA...(p. 26)
Q&A between speakers and audience facilitated by Moderator
Concurrent Session III -Theme 3: Farming Systems Knowledge and
Information Systems [SALONS V, VI, VII]
MODERATOR: Anne Crawford, University of Melbourne, Victoria,
Australia
Opening Remarks and Session Overview by Moderator
The Challenges to Sustainable Beef Production in Botswana in the
Light of the World Trade System Kutlwano Mulale, Department of
Sociology, Iowa State University ...............................................(p. 27)
Farmers' Behavioral Responses to Seasonal Rainfall Forecasts in
the Sahel-Sudan M. Carla Roncoli and Keith T. Ingram, University
of Georgia, USA; Christine C. Jost and Paul H. Kirshen, Tufts
University, USA; Pascal Yaka, Direction de la Metdorologie Nationale,
Burkina Faso........................................................................... ......... (p. 37)
Status of Farm Data Systems and Farmer Decision Support in Sub-
Sahara Africa Susan Minae, Doyle Baker and John Dixon,
Agricultural Support Systems Division, FAO, Rome, Italy ............(p. 40)
Q&A between speakers and audience facilitated by Moderator







November 17-20, 2002 Lake Buena Vista, Florida


Tuesday, November 19, 2002 (continued)


4:00pm-5:30pm



4:00pm-4:10pm
4:10pm-4:30pm



4:30pm-4:50pm


4:50pm-5:10pm


5:10pm-5:30pm
5:45pm-6:30pm


6:30pm-8:30pm
8:30pm-9:00pm


Concurrent Session IV -Theme 1: Small Farm Diversification and
Competitiveness [SALONS X, XI]
MODERATOR: Constance Neely, University of Georgia, SANREM
CRSP, Watkinsville, GA, USA
Opening Remarks and Session Overview by Moderator
Goat Production by Landless and Small Scale Farmers in North
Indian Plains H.P.S. Arya and Mahesh Chander, Division of
Extension Education, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar,
U P, India....................................................................................... (p.8)
Gender Roles in Ensuring Food Security Dagmar Kunze and
Ivy Drafor, FAO Regional Office for Africa, Accra, Ghana and
University of Cape Coast, Ghana ................................................(p. 9)
Integrated Farming Systems for Smallholders in India Models and
Issues for Semi-Arid Tropical Conditions K.P. Singh, Professor of
Agronomy, CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar (India) ..(p. 14)
Q&A between speakers and audience facilitated by Moderator
SPECIAL PLENARY SESSION: [SALONS V, VI, VII]
The Research-Extension Interface Clive Lightfoot, International
Support Group (ISG), Agropolis International, Montpellier, France
Networking Social (in Poster and Tool Bazaar Display Area)
Poster Displays & Tool Bazaar Exhibits to be Removed


Wednesday, November 20, 2002
7:00am-12 noon Registration Office Open [WESTMINISTER ROOM]
7:30am-8:30am Early Morning Refreshments [ENTRANCE TO SALONS V, VI, VII]
7:30am 8:15am Follow-up Discussion Meeting on the Research-Extension Interface
8:30am-10:00am PLENARY SESSION [SALONS V, VI, VII]
MODERATOR: Cornelia Flora, Iowa State University- NCRCRD,
Ames, IA, USA
8:30am-8:45am Opening Remarks and Introduction
8:45am-9:15am The Historical Perspective of Farming Systems David Norman,
Professor, Agricultural Economics, Kansas State University, Manhattan,
KS, USA
9:15am-10:00am PANEL SESSION: Future Directions of Farming Systems
Farming Systems Board Members and Panel Participants:
Ponniah Anandajayasekeram, African Farming Systems Association
Hans Langeveld, European Farming Systems Association
Christine King, Australian Farming Systems Association
NimalRanaweera, Asian Farming Systems Association
Sirgio Pinheiro, Latin American Farming Systems Association
Ed Price, North American Farming Systems Association






17th Symposium of the International Farming Systems Association (IFSA)


Wednesday, November 20, 2002 (continued)


10:00am-10:30am
10:30am-11:00am

11:00am-12:30pm
12:30pm


Audience Q&A and Discussion
REFRESHMENT BREAK
(Departing guests must be checked out of the hotel by ll:00am)
Business Meeting
Symposium Concludes







November 17-20, 2002 Lake Buena Vista, Florida


POSTER DIRECTORY
Theme 1 Small Farms Diversification
Poster
No.
1 The Effect of Income Generating Activities and Household Composition on
Household Food Security in Southern Malawi -Andrea S. Anderson, University of
Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA .............................................. ................................. (p. 53)
24 Towards a Marketing Strategy for Countryside Stewardship -Joe Morris, Alison
Bailey, Charles Neame and lan Crawford, Cranfield University, Silsoe,
Bedfordshire, UK ................ ....................... .................................. (p. 54)
2 Agroforestry Practices in Two Communities in the Highlands of Guatemala John
G. Bellow (SFRC), P. K. R. Nair (SFRC), P. Hildebrand (FRE), University of Florida,
IFAS, Gainesville, FL, USA .......................................................................................(p. 55)
3 Assessing the Economic Benefits of an Early Wet Season Rice Crop in Cambodia's
Rainfed Lowlands S. Chea'b, R.A. Crambb, H.J. Nesbitt, S. Fukaib and P.G. Cox';
'Cambodian-IRRI-Australian Project, Phnom Penh, Cambodia; bThe University of
Queensland, Brisbane, Australia; 'Catholic Relief Services, Kebayoran Baru, Jakarta,
Indonesia............................................................................ ..................................... (p. 56)
4 From Centrally Planned Agriculture to Private Farming: Problems and Progress of
Small Vegetable Farmers in a Former Socialist Country Alexander A. Csizinszky,
University of Florida, IFAS, Gulf Coast Research and Education Center, Bradenton, FL,
U SA ...................................................................................... ........................... (p. 57)
5 Potential of Promiscuous Soybean in Tropical Cropping Systems E. T. Gwata, D. S.
Wofford and K. J Boote, University of Florida, IFAS, Agronomy Department, Gainesville,
FL, U SA ........................... ............................. ......... ................................. (p. 59)
6 Farmer Research Groups in Southern New England Sue Ellen Johnson *and
Thomas Morris, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, USA; and the *New England Small
Farm Institute, Belchertown, MA, USA............. .................. ...............................(p. 61)
7 Studies on Land Degradation in Gurgaon District of Haryana (India) through Remote
Sensing Technique Shashi Jain, M. S. Kuhad and M. S. Grewal, Department of Soil
Sciences, CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar (Haryana), India..................(p. 62)
8 Adoption of Cultivation of Medicinal Plants in Wasteland Areas for Improvement of
Farmers' Socio-Economical Status Sunil Kumar and Vijay Kumar Soni, Dept. Of
Land and Water Management, Indira Gandhi Agricultural University, Raipur, Chhattisgarh
state, India.......................................................................... .................................... (p. 63)
9 Impact of Water Harvesting with Diversified Farming on Productivity and Income of
Rainfed Farms in Chhattisgarh, India R. Lakpale, A. L. Rathore and G. K.
Shrivastava, Department of Agronomy, Indira Gandhi Agricultural University, Raipur,
India .............................................................................. (p. 64)







17th Symposium of the International Farming Systems Association (IFSA)


Theme 1 Small Farms Diversification (continued)
Poster
No.
29 Linking Agricultural Research and Farmer Learning for Sustainable Small Scale
Horticulture Production in Colombia Rebecca A. Lee, Horticulture Research Centre,
University Jorge Tadeo Lozano, Chia, Colombia ........................... .........................(p. 65)
61 High Grafting: Technique that Allows Production of Wood and Fruit of Quality
Simultaneously M. V. Loewe and 0. M. Gonzdlez, University of Chile, Chile......(p. 66)
58 Integration of Cattle and Improved Pastures under Coconuts Francisco A. Moog,
Anita G. Deocareza and Helen E. Diesta, Bureau of Animal Industry, Philippines....(p. 68)
54 Institutional and Socioeconomic Factors Shaping Adoption of Soil Management
Practices (Courbes De Niveau) among West African Farmers (Mali) Carla Roncoli
and Constance Neely, Sustainable Agriculture and Natural Resource Management CRSP,
University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, USA; Abou Berthd, SalifKanti, Boureima Traore
and Harouna Coulibaly, Iquipe de Recherche sur les Systemes de Production et Gestion
des Ressources Naturelles, Institut d'Economie Rurale, Mali; Keith Moore, Office of
International Research and Development, Virginia Technology Institute and State
University, Blacksburg, VA, USA ............................................... ...........................(p. 69)
59 Comparison of Corn-Based Cropping Systems for Smallholder Farmers in Nigeria -
Akim Omokanye, Frank Kelleher and Alison McInnes, University of Western Sydney,
Hawkesbury, Australia................. ........................... ..... ........................... (p. 70)
10 Developing Diversified Rainfed-Farming Systems for Chhattisgarh (India):
Agronomic, Environmental and Socio-Economic Effects -A. L. Rathore, Vivek
Tripathi, A. P. Singh and B. K.Gupta, Indira Gandhi Agricultural University,
(Chhattisgarh), India................................................................................................(p. 72)
11 Diversified Cropping and Sustainable Land Resource Management Options for
Eastern India K. K. Sahu, R. K. Sahu, A. L. Rathore and Sunil Kumar, Indira Gandhi
Agricultural University, Raipur (Chhattisgarh), India............................................(p. 73)
12 Small Farm Diversification and Competitiveness through Water Harvesting in
Rainfed Areas R. K. Sahu and K. K. Sahu, Indira Gandhi Agricultural University,
Raipur, India ........................................... ..................................(p. 74)
13 Integration of Various Agriculture-Fishery-Livestock Systems to Develop Ecofriendly
and Sustainable Model -S. Shailendra, S. K Choudhary, S. K. Mahajan, R. Nashine
and S. S. Shaw, Indira Gandhi Krishi Vishwavidyalaya, Raipur, India.......................(p. 76)
14 Farm Pond: An Effective Tool For Increasing Productivity and Socio-Economic
Status of the Farmers M. L. Sharma, M.A. Khan, J. D. Sarkar and P. K. Pandey,
IGAU, Raipur, India ..............................................................................................(p. 77)
15 Farming System Approach for Sustainable Agricultural Productivity and Income of
Resource-Poor Rainfed Rice Farmers -A. P. Singh, A. L. Rathore, Vivek Tripathi and
B. K. Gupta, Indira Gandhi Agricultural University, Raipur (Chhattisgarh) India .......(p. 78)
20 Employment Generation Potential of Integrated Farming Systems on Small Farm
Situations in India K. P. Singh, S. N. Singh and V. S. Kadian, Chaudhary Charan Singh
Haryana Agricultural University, India....... ................. ................................(p. 79)







November 17-20, 2002 Lake Buena Vista, Florida


Theme 1 Small Farms Diversification (continued)
Poster
No.
21 On-Farm Studies under Rural Agriculture Work Experience (RAWE) Education
Programme in India Some Results R. K. Nanwal and K. P. Singh, CCS Haryana
Agricultural University, Hisar (Haryana) India.......................................................... (p. 80)
18 Relative Price Index-An Efficient Index for Comparing Integrated Farming System
Models K. P. Singh, K. K. Saxena, V. S. Kadian and S. N. Singh, Department of
Agronomy, Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar, India.. (p. 81)
19 Sustainability Approach for Comparison of Integrated Farming Systems Models
Under Small Holder Situations K. P. Singh, K. K. Saxena, S.N. Singh and V. S.
Kadian, Department of Agronomy, Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural
University, India ..... .......................... .................................................(p. 82)
16 Impact of IVLP on Small Farm Diversification in Chhattisgarh S. K. Taunk and M
A. Khan, Directorate of Extension Services, Indira Gandhi Agricultural University, Raipur,
India ....................................................................................................................... ....... 83)
17 Diversified Strategic Land Use System for Small Farm Holders Based on Rainwater
Harvesting for Rainfed Rice Areas Vivek Tripathi, A. L. Rathore, A. P. Singh and B.
K. Gupta, Indira Gandhi Agricultural University, (Chhattisgarh), India.......................(p. 84)
22 Intercropping Sweet Corn with Legume Cover Crops: Its Effects on Corn Yield and
Intercrop Contribution to the Productivity of Dry-Land Farming Systems in Lombok
and Sumbawa, Indonesia -Ismail Yasin, I.G.M. Kusnarta Faculty of Agriculture,
Mataram University, Mataram, NTB, Indonesia; Wayan Wangiyana, University of
W western Sydney, NSW Australia..... .... .................. .......... .......................... (p. 85)
23 VAM Populations in Rice-Based Cropping Systems in Central Lombok, Indonesia -
Wayan Wangiyana and Peter S. Cornish, University of Western Sydney, Hawkesbury
Cam pus, N SW Australia............................ ..... ............. ...........................(p. 86)
30 Sustainability Analysis of the Irrigated Vegetable Project at Banco Village, Mali -
Joe Warnick, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA; Dr. Peter Hildebrand and Dr.
Nick Place, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA............................................(p. 87)

Theme 2 Engaging Stakeholders
25 Review of the Benefits and Costs of Flood Defence Options on the Somerset Levels
and Moors Joe Morris, Alison Bailey and David Gowing, Cranfield University, Silsoe,
Bedfordshire, UK .. .................. ........................................... ............................(p. 91)
28 Social Capital in the Semi-Arid (Sertao) of the State of Bahia: An Organizational
Experience of Small Farmers in the Municipality of Valente Humberto Miranda do
Nascimento, State University of Campinas UNICAMP.............................................(p. 92)
26 Conflict in Human and Natural Resource Management: The Case ofSaba
Senegalensis in Southeastern Senegal -Paige G. Knutsen, Iowa State University,
A m es, IA U SA ....................... ........ ... ................................ ............................ (p. 94)






17th Symposium of the International Farming Systems Association (IFSA)


Theme 2 Engaging Stakeholders (continued)
Poster
No.
31 Developing Community-Based Land and Water Management Practices for
Sustainable Production on a Landscape Continuum: A Case Study of the Manupali
River Watershed, Bukidnon, Philippines Virendra Pal Singh, Gemma Belarmino and
Thelma Paris, IRRI, Los Bafios, Philippines; Ram Kathin Singh, IRRI-Delhi Office, New
Delhi, India ......................... .......................................................... (p. 97)
32 Participatory On-Farm Hydrological Interventions for Restoring the Productivity of
Degraded Uplands in the Chhotanagpur Plateau, India Virendra Pal Singh and
Thelma Paris, IRRI, Los Bafios, Philippines; Rama Kant Singh, CRURRS, Hazaribagh,
Jharkhand, India; Ram Kathin Singh, IRRI India Office, New Delhi, India.............(p. 99)
35 Long-term Agronomic and Environmental Effects of Rock Wall Terraces in Southern
Honduras T. L. Thurow and H. E. Sierra, University of Wyoming, Renewable
Resources Department, Laramie, WY, USA; PanAmerican University, Tegucigalpa,
Honduras........................................ ....................................................................... 100)
36 Rural Development Planning with Community-Involved Verification Projects -
Kunihiro Tokida, Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), Tokyo, Japan; Kosei
Hashiguchi, Sanyu Consultants Inc., Tokyo, Japan ................................................(p. 101)

Theme 3 Farming Systems Knowledge
37 A Generic Household Model for Assessing the Impact of Interventions in Crop-
Livestock Systems M. Herrero1"2 and R. H. Fawcett; 'International Livestock
Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya; 2School of Earth, Environmental and Geographical
Sciences, University of Edinburgh, West Mains Road, Edinburgh, Scotland.............(p. 106)
38 An Integrated Modelling Platform for Animal-Crop Systems M. Herrero"2, P. K.
Thornton', G. Hoogenboom3, R. H. Fawcett2, R. Ruiz2 and J. W. Jones4; 'International
Livestock Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya; 2School of Earth, Environmental and
Geographical Sciences, University of Edinburgh, West Mains Road, Edinburgh, Scotland;
3Department of Biological and Agricultural Engineering, University of Georgia, Griffin,
GA, USA; 4Agricultural and Biological Engineering Department, University of Florida,
Gainesville, FL, U SA .............................................................................................(p. 107)
39 Agricultural Technology and Poverty Socio-economic Constraints and
Opportunities for Generation and Dissemination of New Technology among Poor
Farmers (ATP) Esbern Friis-Hansen, Jannik Boesen, Rikke Olivera Grant and Simon
Bolwig, Center for Development Research; Bernard Bashaasha and Richard Miiro,
Makarere University, Kampala, Uganda; Faustin Maganga, Cosmas Sokoni and Shekania
Bisanda, University ofDar es Salaam, Tanzania....................................................(p. 108)
50 Small Scale / Small Field Conservation -Arnold D. King and Lynn Betts, Natural
Resources Conservation Service, Ecological Sciences Division, Washington,
D C, U SA ................. ......... ........................... ................. ... ...... (p. 109)
40 Exploring Impact Assessment Methodology for FSR&D R. N. Mallick and Subash
Dasgupta, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Dhaka, Bangladesh;
Musleh Uddin Ahmed, Director General, Department of Agriculture Extension, Dhaka,
B angladesh ..................................... .......................................................................(p 110)







November 17-20, 2002 Lake Buena Vista, Florida


Theme 3 Farming Systems Knowledge (continued)
Poster
No.
33 Integrated Farming Systems for Sustainability in Agriculture: A Review G. P. Pali,
D. Sharma, H.K. Bhange and A.R. Pal, Dept. of Land and Water Management, Indira
Gandhi Krishi Vishwavidayalaya, Raipur (C.G.) India............................................... 111)
42 Farming Crop Information Systems Birger F. Pedersen, Danish Institute of
Agricultural Sciences, Denmark.......... ............. ...................................................(p. 112)
43 Using Household Survey Data to Define Farming System Strategies in Uganda -
IngridA. Rhinehart and Jordan Chamberlin, International Food Policy Research Institute,
W ashington, DC, U SA ..........................................................................................(p. 113)


Theme 4 Farming Systems Education
44 Ph.D. Programme "Agricultural Economics and Related Sciences" A Programme
Especially for Students from the Tropics and Subtropics M. Moser and W. Doppler,
University of Hohenheim, Department of Agricultural Economics and Social Sciences in
the Tropics and Subtropics, Stuttgart, Germany... ..............................................(p. 118)
45 People Improving Growth for Swine in Micronesia Manuel V. Duguies, University
of Guam, Mangilao, Guam, USA; Engly loanis, College of Micronesia, Pohnpei, Federated
States of Micronesia...................................... ................................................. (p. 119)
46 Voices of Those Behind the Hoe: Organic Coffee Production in Chiapas, Mexico -
JulieM. Grossman, University of Minnesota, Department of Agronomy and Plant
Genetics; St. Paul, MN, USA; Kristen Nelson, University of Minnesota, Department of
Forest Resources, and Department of Fisheries, Wildlife and Conservation Biology, St.
Paul, MN, USA; Walter Lenin Anzueto Anzueto, Uni6n de Ejidos y Comunidades
Majomut; San Cristobal de las Casas, Chiapas, Mexico.............................................(p. 120)
47 Human Capacity Development Project in South Africa (Part of the Bi-National
Commission between the United States and the Republic of South Africa) Barbara
A. Hughes, Seminole County Cooperative Extension Service, UF/IFAS, Sanford,
FL, USA............ ......................................................(p. 121)
27 Overcoming the Challenges of Interdisciplinary Education: Sustainable Agriculture
at Iowa State University Paige G. Knutsen and Lorna Michael Butler, Iowa State
University, Am es, IA, USA ................................................................................. (p. 122)
56 The 'Farmers' Project: Using Adaptive Management for Ecosystem and Community-
Based Rodent Management in Cambodia Boeur Kok4, Chan Phaloeun2, Chheng
Nareth4, El Sotheary2, Angela Frost"'2, Kao Lim Pon3, Christine King', Luke Leung', Long
Seng Hau3, Mak Pha3, Meuk Kom Ain4, Ny Vuthy, Pol Chanty2, lean Russell', Seth
Sopheap2, Tea Rithyvong4, Ung Sopheap2, Uy Sokco2; 'The University of Queensland
Gatton Campus, AUSTRALIA; 2The Cambodian Agricultural and Research Development
Institute, CAMBODIA; 3Samraong Commune, Kampong Cham Province, CAMBODIA;
4The Office of Agricultural Extension, Kampong Cham Province, CAMBODIA .....(p. 123)
41 Challenges in Farming: Bangladesh Perspective Institute for Environment and
Development Studies-IEDS Ameer H. Chowdhury and Mominul Hoque Miah,
Institute for Environment and Development Studies, Bangladesh..............................(p. 125)






17th Symposium of the International Farming Systems Association (IFSA)


Theme 4 Farming Systems Education (continued)
Poster
No.
48 People and the Planet: Meeting the Challenges of the New Millennium
Interdisciplinary Ecology and Farming Systems at the University of Florida -Amy J.
Sullivan, Victor Cabrera, Carlton Pomeroy and Norman Breuer, University of Florida,
IFAS, Gainesville, FL, USA. ........... ........................... ............................(p. 127)
49 University of Florida Extension International Training Program Dr. Pete Vergot,
University of Florida Extension, Gainesville, Florida, USA.......................................(p. 128)
51 Agri-Economics Training Course Improvement in Russia -Mark A. Wade,
University of Florida, Fort Pierce, FL, USA; Rosa Nikolaevna Murtazaeva, Volgograd
State Agricultural Academy, Volgograd, RU........................................................(p. 129)
52 Enhancing Farmer Knowledge in Nigeria: An Experience in Extension Program
Development Mark A. Wade, University of Florida, Fort Pierce, FL, USA; David H.
Picha, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA, USA..................................... (p. 130)


Theme 5 Food Safety & Security
62 Development of the Model of Certification of Organic Food Products in Brazil -
Renato Santos de Souza, Universidade de Santa Maria, Santa Maria, RS, BRAZIL; Fldvia
Muradas Bulhjes, Secretaria da Agricultura e Abastecimento, Santa Maria,
R S, Brazil............................................................................................................ .(p. 133)
53 Relevance of Indigenous/Local Agricultural Knowledge: Its Importance in Food
Security IsabelA. Gutierrez-Montes and Edith Ferndndez-Baca, North Central
Regional Center for Rural Development (NCRCRD), Iowa State University, Department of
Sociology, Ames, Iowa, USA. ....................................... ...........................(p. 134)
55 Multi-Stakeholder Learning and Collective Action in Australia's Pastoral Industries:
Enhancing Ecological Sustainability and Food Safety through Environmental
Certification across the Supply Chain Christine King and Lester Pahl, The
Department of Primary Industries, Toowoomba, Qld, AUSTRALIA.......................(p. 135)
57 Citizen Panel on Genetically Modified Food Calls for Changes in the Food System -
Stefan Seiter and Tom Kelly, University of New Hampshire, NH, USA..................(p. 137)
34 Utilization of Conventional Technologies by the Marginal and Small Tribal Farmers
For Their Food Security G. K. Shrivastava, R. Lakpale and M. L. Sharma, Indira
Gandhi Agricultural University, Raipur, India..................................................... (p. 138)
60 Losing Traditional Seed Management Systems: A Threat to Small Farmers' Food
Security in Nepal -N. P. Timsina, University of Reading, International and Rural
Development Department, Reading United Kingdom; B. R. Upreti, King's College
London, School of Social Sciences and Public Policy, London..................................(p. 139)







November 17-20, 2002 Lake Buena Vista, Florida


TOOL BAZAAR DESCRIPTIONS
Exhibit
No.
Tl Using Small-Scale On-Farm Weather Monitoring Equipment as a Tool for
Understanding Farmer Rationales and Management in Response To Climatic Risk -
Kaori Sasaki and John Caldwell, National Agricultural Research Center for Tohoku
Region and Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences, Tsukuba
Ibaragi, Japan... ......................... ................ ........ ............................. (p. 145)
We will display the simple, automated on-farm weather monitoring equipment using to
understand the farmer rationales in response to climatic risk ofrainfed agriculture in Mali.
Spatial rainfall variability of village was compared with farmer's empirical knowledge
through the farmer's meeting. Results will be shown on video and posters.
Presenter Contact Information:
John Caldwell, Risk Analysis, Farmer Typologies, On-farm Rsch, JIRCAS, Development Rsch Division,
1-1 Ohwashi, Tsukuba Ibaragi P305-8686, Japan, PH 81-298-386384; FAX 81-29-386342;
EMAIL: caldwelj@jircas.affrc.go.jp


T2 "Heifer International's Development Model and Work in the United States" -
Kathleen Colverson, Heifer International, Gainesville, FL, USA
Heifer International uses a participatory model to encourage community development.
Since their inception in 1944, HPI has worked in 100 countries in the world. During this
time, HPI has developed numerous materials that can be used with limited resource
families to increase income, leadership skills, and to work with youth.
Presenter Contact Information:
Kathleen Colverson, Limited Resource Farmers Training Programs, Heifer International, 1810 NW 6th St,
Gainesville, FL 32611, PH 352-371-1170; FAX: 352-371-2545; EMAIL: kathy.colverson@heifer.org


T3 NUTMON-tool Andre De Jager, Wageningen University and Research Center, Ag
Economics Research Institute, The Netherlands
This exhibit consists ofa demonstration and manual presentation ofNutrient Monitoring
Tool (NUTMON). NUTMON is a research and development tool used to assess soil
fertility management practices and impacts of technological improvements. Indicators:
soil nutrientflows, soil nutrient balances, economic indicators.
Presenter Contact Information:
AndreDe Jager, Wageningen University, Ag Economics Rsch Institute, Burg Patijnlaan 9, Den Haag 2502
LS, The Netherlands, Tele 31-70-3358341; FAX 31-70-3615624; EMAIL: a.dejager@lei.wag-ur.nl







17th Symposium of the International Farming Systems Association (IFSA)


Exhibit
No.
T4 Training Tools for Ecologically-Based Participatory Implementation of IPM and
Coffee Agroforestry in Nicaragua and Central America Jeremy Haggar, CATIE
M IP/AF, M iami, FL, USA.................................................... ............................ (p. 143)
Tools are displayedfor the training of crop specialists, field extensionists and farmers
including manuals on integrated pest management, workbooks offield exercises for
extensionists and farmers, and simple-language producer magazines, together with posters
showing the results of work with farmers using some of these tools.
Presenter Contact Information:
Jeremy Haggar, CATIE MIP/AF, Nicabox 112, P.O. Box 52 7444, Miami, Fl, 33152, U.S.A., Tel/fax 505
2657303; EMAIL: Jhaggar@ibw.com.ni


T5 Ethnographic and Participatory Linear Programming (EPLP) -Peter Hildebrand,
University ofFlorida/IFAS, Food & Resource Economics Department, Gainesville, FL
USA
The EPLP models are developed to understand and simulate the complexity and diversity
of smallfarm livelihood systems. When validated, the models are used to assess ex ante
differential adoption or rejection ofpotential technologies or the potential differential
impacts on households ofproposed infrastructure or policy changes.
Presenter Contact Information:
Peter Hildebrand, UF/IFAS Food & Resource Economics Department, PO Box 110240, Gainesville, FL
32611 USA; PH 352-392-5830; FAX 352-392-8634; EMAIL: peh@ufl.edu


T6 Multi-Stakeholder Collaborative Learning Clive Lightfoot, Intemationanl Support
Group (ISG), Agropoliis International, Montpellier, France
Multi-stakeholder collaborative learning processes have been used over the last years in a
settings of community based natural resources management and reforms both infarmer
demand led extension and in farmer participatory adaptive research. A variety of tools for
trainers, researchers, extension managers and policy reformers are shared in printed and
interactive CD formats, including opportunities to engage in internet-based communities of
practice in this area ofwork.
Presenter Contact Information:
Clive Lightfoot, ISG, Agropolis International, Agropolis Avenue, Montpellier, 34294, France, Phone: 0033
467047529; FAX 0033 467047526, EMAIL: clive.lightfoot@agropolis.fr








November 17-20, 2002 Lake Buena Vista, Florida


Exhibit
No.
T7 The Beahrs Environmental Leadership Program at UC Berkeley -Robin Marsh,
University of California, Center for Sustainable Resource Development, Berkeley, CA,
USA
The Beahrs Environmental Leadership Program is a training program at the University
of California, Berkeley, that links environmental and sustainable development
professionals around the world with state-of-the art interdisciplinary perspectives on
environmental and natural resource management and policy analysis. The Beahrs ELP
offers a summer certificate course, membership in an Alumni Network, and post-training
collaborative research opportunities.
Presenter Contact Information:
Robin Marsh, Univ of California, Center for Sustainable Resource Development, 101 Giannini Hall,
Berkeley, CA 94720, PH: 510-643-1042; FAX: 510-643-4483; EMAIL: rmarsh@nature.berkeley.edu


T8 Smile0: A Simulation And Scenario-Testing Tool for Supporting Decision Making on
Rehabilitation and Transfer of Smallholder Irrigation Schemes Sylvain Perret,
University of Pretoria, Department of Agricultural Economics / CIRAD, Pretoria, South
Africa ................... .......... ....................................... ................... ( 144)
The tool bazaar presentation will consist ofa laptop-based demonstration of the software
Smiles. The approach aims at investigating the economic viability ofsmallholder irrigation
schemes in a context of rehabilitation and management transfer.
The software allows for easy and flexible data capture and storage on infrastructures and
equipment, cropping systems, farmers 'practices and strategies, water demand and supply.
A module allows for testing options on a water charging system. Finally, simulations can
be run, focussing on scenario-testing and participatory investigations on the schemes'
prospects and the sustainability issues.
The demonstration links up with an oral presentation on November 18, at 11:20AM, on the
same topic.
Presenter Contact Information:
Sylvain Perret, CIRAD & University of Pretoria, Department of Agricultural Economics, Extension & Rural
Development, 0002 PRETORIA, Phone: 012 420 5021; Fax: 012 420 5023 or 3748;
Email: sperret@nsnperl.up.ac.za


T9 International Farm Fellows Program James Umphrey and Ines Avilds-Spadoni,
University of Florida/IFAS, Animal Sciences Department, Gainesville, FL, USA
The International Farm Fellows Program offers training in three different areas: dairy,
equine and swine. Each area is a program within itself Interested applicants must have at
least a university degree (or currently working on a university degree), must understand
oral instructions in English, and be between 20 and 30 years ofage.
Presenter Contact Information:
James Umphrey, UF/IFAS Animal Sciences Department, PO Box 110910, Gainesville, FL 32611 USA,
Phone: 352-392-5594; Fax: 352-392-5595; Email: umphrey@animal.ufl.edu
Ines Avilds-Spadoni, M.S., Coordinator, Academic Support Services, Graduate Program, UF/IFAS Animal
Sciences Department, PO Box 110910, Gainesville, FL 32611 USA, Phone:(352) 392-2186;
Fax: (352) 392-1913; Email: Aviles@animal.ufl.edu







17th Symposium of the International Farming Systems Association (IFSA)


Exhibit
No.
T10 Seeds of Hope: Achieving Food Security through Community-Based Food Systems -
Oran B. Hesterman, W. K. Kellogg Foundation, Food Systems and Rural Development,
Battle Creek, M I, USA ..........................................................................................(p. 144)
Despite international efforts to eradicate hunger and a commitment by national
governments to achieve universalfood security, it is estimated that more than 780 million
people, most of them children, do not have access to adequate nutrition. Various
approaches to achieving food security have been attempted -from improved agricultural
techniques, to the introduction of new technologies, to the creation ofnational and
international policies that focus on human and sustainable development. One particularly
successful strategy for improving food security is the creation and expansion of
community-based food systems; it provides not only poor families and children with access
to adequate food supplies, but adds economic value to families in these communities. This
paper focuses on successful community-based food systems that are increasing health and
nutrition in underserved communities around the world, and which are also promoting the
health of local economies.
Presenter Contact Information:
Oran B. Hesterman, Program Director, Food Systems and Rural Development, W.K. Kellogg Foundation,
One Michigan Avenue East, Battle Creek, MI 49017-4058, USA, Phone: 616-969-2060, Fax: 616-969-2693,
Email: obh@wkkf.org






November 17-20, 2002 Lake Buena Vista, Florida


NOTES






17th Symposium of the International Farming Systems Association (IFSA)

NOTES









SYMPOSIUM SPONSORS

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Full Text

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17th Symposium of the International Farming Systems Association (IFSA) 4



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Program Booklet 17th Symposium of the International Farming Systems Association SMALL FARMS IN AN EVER-CHANGING WORLD: if Sa International Farming Systems Association Meeting the challenges of sustainable livelihoods and food security in diverse rural communities November 17-20, 2002 Lake Buena Vista, Florida USA UNIVERSITY OF WFLORIDA Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences Project #0206



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November 17-20, 2002 Lake Buena Vista, Florida Tuesday, November 19, 2002 (continued) 11:20am-11:40am Does the Sustainable Livelihoods Approach Need a More Explicit Systems Perspective? Systems Dynamics Modeling to Facilitate Entry Points to Smallholder Farming Systems -Habtemariam Kassa' and David Gibbon2; 'Department of Rural Development Studies, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden. Currently at Comell University, Ithaca, New York. 2Rural Livelihood Systems, Lower Barn, Cheney Longville, Craven Arms, Shropshire, United Kingdom .........................................................................(p. 38) 11:40am-12 noon Q&A between speakers and audience facilitated by Moderator 12 noon-1:30pm Lunch on Own 1:30pm-3:00pm PLENARY SESSION [SALONS V, VI, VII] MODERATOR: John Dixon, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), Agricultural Support Systems Division, Rome, Italy 1:30pm-2:30pm PANEL SESSION: Farming Systems for Rural Development Strategy Chaired by: John Dixon, Agricultural Support Systems Division, FAO, Rome, Italy Panel Members: Asia: Jagadish Timsina; Africa: Susan Minae; East Europe and Central Asia: Alex Csizinszky 2:30pm-3:00pm Q&A between speakers and audience facilitated by Moderator 3:00pm-4:00pm Posters and Tool Bazaar Exhibits on Display (refreshments provided) 4:00pm-5:30pm FOUR CONCURRENT SESSIONS 4:00pm-5:30pm Concurrent Session I -Theme 1: Small Farm Diversification and Competitiveness [DOVER ROOMLOBBY LEVEL] MODERATOR: Francois Rff, CIRAD, Cote d'Ivoire, France 4:00pm-4:10pm Opening Remarks and Session Overview by Moderator 4:10pm-4:30pm Modeling Potential Adoption of Medicinal Plant Cultivation in Paraguay Using Ethnographic Linear Programming -Norman Breuer, University of Florida, College of Natural Resources and the Environment, Gainesville, FL, USA...........................................(p. 7) 4:30pm-4:50pm Potential Adoption of Improved Fallows to Improve Income and Food Security of Diverse Smallholder Farmers in Mangwende CA, Zimbabwe -M. Mudhara and P. E. Hildebrand, Food and Resource Economics, University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, Gainesville, Florida, USA................................................ 10) 4:50pm-5:10pm The Impact of Poor Health on Agroforestry Adoption and Household Food Security in Central Malawi -P. H. Thangata', P. E. Hildebrand2 and G. Hyden3; 'Interdisciplinary Ecology, CNRE, Univ. of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA; 2Dept. of Food and Resource Economics, Univ. of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA; 3Department of Political Science, Univ. of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA.............. (p. 14) 5:10pm-5:30pm Q&A between speakers and audience facilitated by Moderator 23



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17th Symposium of the International Farming Systems Association (IFSA) Tuesday, November 19, 2002 (continued) 4:00pm-5:30pm Concurrent Session II-Theme 2: Engaging Stakeholders in Support ofSmall Farms [SALONS VIII, IX] MODERATOR: Robin Marsh, University of California, Center for Sustainable Resource Development, College of Natural Resources, Berkeley, CA, USA 4:00pm-4:10pm Opening Remarks and Session Overview by Moderator 4:10pm-4:30pm The "Negotiation Platform" Method's Limits for Decentralised Natural Resource Management: Participatory Municipal Planning in the Brazilian Amazon -Christian Castellanet*, Iliana Salgado** and Carla Rocha**; *Research and Technological Exchange Group (GRET), Paris, France; ** LAET (Laborat6rio Agro-ecol6gico da Transamaz6nica), Altamira, Para, Brasil....................................... (p. 20) 4:30pm-4:50pm Creating a Marketing Network for Limited Resource Farmers Kathleen Earl Colverson, Heifer International, Gainesville, Florida, USA ........................... ...... ................ ........................ ....... (p. 21) 4:50pm-5:10pm Ojali que lueve algo en el campo: Cultural Influences of Development in the Dominican Republic -Heather McllvaineNewsad, Western Illinois University, Department of Sociology & Anthropology, College of Arts and Sciences, Macomb, IL, USA...(p. 26) 5:10pm-5:30pm Q&A between speakers and audience facilitated by Moderator 4:00pm-5:30pm Concurrent Session III -Theme 3: Farming Systems Knowledge and Information Systems [SALONS V, VI, VII] MODERATOR: Anne Crawford, University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia 4:00pm-4:10pm Opening Remarks and Session Overview by Moderator 4:10pm-4:30pm The Challenges to Sustainable Beef Production in Botswana in the Light of the World Trade System -Kutlwano Mulale, Department of Sociology, Iowa State University ...............................................(p. 27) 4:30pm-4:50pm Farmers' Behavioral Responses to Seasonal Rainfall Forecasts in the Sahel-Sudan -M. Carla Roncoli and Keith T. Ingram, University of Georgia, USA; Christine C. Jost and Paul H. Kirshen, Tufts University, USA; Pascal Yaka, Direction de la M6tdorologie Nationale, B urkina Faso.............................................................................. (p. 37) 4:50pm-5:10pm Status of Farm Data Systems and Farmer Decision Support in SubSahara Africa -Susan Minae, Doyle Baker and John Dixon, Agricultural Support Systems Division, FAO, Rome, Italy ............(p. 40) 5:10pm-5:30pm Q&A between speakers and audience facilitated by Moderator 24



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17th Symposium of the International Farming Systems Association (IFSA) 14



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November 17-20, 2002 Lake Buena Vista, Florida Tuesday, November 19, 2002 (continued) 9:00am-9:30am The Sustainable Agriculture and Rural Development: A Perspective from the South -MiguelAngelNunez, Instituto para la producci6n e Investigaci6n Agricola Tropical (IPIAT)), Venezuela; Thomas Forster, International Partners for Sustainable Agriculture in Washington, DC, USA 9:30am-9:45am Q&A between speakers and audience facilitated by Moderator 9:45am-10:30am Posters and Tool Bazaar Exhibits on Display (refreshments provided) 10:30am-12 noon FOUR CONCURRENT SESSIONS 10:30am-12 noon Concurrent Session I -Theme 1: Small Farm Diversification and Competitiveness [DOVER ROOM -LOBBY LEVEL] MODERATOR: Cornelia Flora, Iowa State University -NCRCRD, Ames, IA, USA 10:30am-10:40am Opening Remarks and Overview by Moderator 10:40am-11:00am The Pastoral-Agricultural Conflicts in Zamfara State, Nigeria Bello Farouk Umar, North Central Regional Center for Rural Development, Iowa State University, Ames, IA, USA .................(p. 16) 11:00am-I 1:20am Incremental Diversification: The Results of a Crop Diversification for Low Resource Hillside Farmers in the Dominican Republic Carlton Pomeroy, College of Natural Resources, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA... ........................... ...........................(p. 13) 11:20am-l 1:40am From Rice to Cocoa through a Political Economy of Dishonesty, Sulawesi, Indonesia -Francois Ruf, CIRAD, Humid Tropics Program, Abidjan, Ivory Coast ................................................................... (p. 13) 11:40am-12 noon Q&A between speakers and audience facilitated by Moderator 10:30am-12 noon Concurrent Session II -Theme 2: Engaging Stakeholders in Support ofSmall Farms [SALONS V, VI, VII] MODERATOR: Mike Collinson, FARM-Africa, Reading, Oxfordshire, United Kingdom 10:30am-10:40am Opening Remarks and Session Overview by Moderator 10:40am-11:00am Facilitating Multi-Stakeholder Collaboration: Impact and Lessons Learned -Clive Lightfoot, Annemarie Groot, Ricardo Ramirez, Reg Noble and Isaac Bekalo, International Support Group (ISG); Francis Shao and Grace Muro, Tanzania Multi-Sector Learning Coalition (TM LC)........................................................................ (p. 26) 11:00am-11:20am Small Farmer-Private Banking Sector Linkage: The Case of the Dry Zone of Myanmar -D.G. Kahan, Agricultural Support Systems Division, Food and Agriculture Organization, Via delle Terme di Caracalla, Rom e, Italy ................................ ..............................(p. 25) 11:20am-11:40am Working with Local Institutions to Support Sustainable Livelihoods -Robin Marsh, University of California, Center for Sustainable Resource Development, Berkeley, California, USA.....................(p. 27) 11:40am-12 noon Q&A between speakers and audience facilitated by Moderator 21



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17th Symposium of the International Farming Systems Association (IFSA) Wednesday, November 20, 2002 (continued) 10:00am-10:30am Audience Q&A and Discussion 10:30am-11:00am REFRESHMENT BREAK (Departing guests must be checked out of the hotel by 11:00am) 11:00am-12:30pm Business Meeting 12:30pm Symposium Concludes 26



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November 17-20, 2002 Lake Buena Vista, Florida Norman Uphoff i -Norman Uphoff has been director of the Comell International Institute for Food, Agriculture and Development (CIIFAD) since 1990 and a faculty member in the Department of Government at Cornell University since 1970. .:. .T 'j For most of the years between 1970 and 1990, he served as chair of the Rural Development Committee in Comell's Center for International Studies, 'working on various aspects of participatory rural development (farmer organization, decentralization, social capital, etc.) When CIIFAD was established in 1990 to advance both knowledge and practice for sustainable agricultural and rural development, Uphoffs new responsibilities reoriented him more toward problems of sustainable development and agroecology. He first learned about the System of Rice Intensification (SRI), developed in Madagascar in the early 1980s by Fr. Henri de Laulani6, SJ, in 1993. It was not until 1997 that he was willing to give much credence to this system -which was raising farmers' irrigated rice yields, using only about half as much water as usual, from about 2 tons/hectare to an average of 8 t/ha -without requiring the use of new seeds or chemical fertilizers. A few farmers who used the methods most skillfully were able to get 12 to 16 t/ha. It took Uphoff several years of working with Malagasy students doing thesis research on SRI (on farmers' fields) and much reading into the crop and soil science literature to understand better the agronomic features of the system and Fr. de Laulanie's insightful explanations for the system's success. It also took several years to get colleagues in other countries to try out this very unusual methodology. In 1999, Nanjing Agricultural University in China reported results of 9.2-10.5 t/ha with SRI, and in the 1999-2000 season, the Agency for Agricultural Research and Development in Indonesia, one of the major rice institutes in the world, got 6.5 t/ha with these methods, several tons per hectare higher than with conventional methods. The next season the Agency's SRI yield reached 9.5 t/ha. Since then, after three years of evaluation, AARD has made SRI part of its new national strategy for Integrated Crop and Resource Management. In the past three years, SRI evaluation has spread to at least 15 countries beyond Madagascar. There are several challenges with SRI: to understand how such remarkable increases in yield are possible, some of them beyond what has been considered to be "the biological ceiling" for rice production; to disseminate knowledge of this system to smallholder farmers around the world in terms that they can utilize; and to integrate the methods into farming systems, since households must consider production needs and activities beyond that of their basic staple food. By raising the productivity of land, labor, water and capital, SRI opens up new possibilities for diversifying smallholder production systems, meeting staple needs with less land, labor, water and capital. This approach is already being explored in Cambodia and Sri Lanka. Uphoff has been trying to anchor SRI in the context of agroecological theory and practice, as seen in his contribution on SRI in the book he edited, Avroecological Innovations: Increasing Food Production with Participatory Development (Earthscan, 2002). This book come out of an international conference that Uphoff organized with Miguel Altieri and held at the Rockefeller Center in Bellagio, Italy, in April 1999. An article on SRI written with two CGIAR scientists, Willem Stoop and Amir Kassam, was published in Agricultural Systems in January 2002. The SRI home page (http://ciifad.comell.edu/sri/) makes available the proceedings of an international conference on SRI held in China in April 2002 giving results and analysis from 15 countries. Speaker Contact Information: Norman Uphoff, Comell University, CIFAD, 31 Warren Hall, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA; PII 607-255-0831; FAX 607-255-5131; EMAIL: ntul@comell.edu 13



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November 17-20, 2002 Lake Buena Vista, Florida Miguel Angel Nfiifez Miguel Angel Niflez is a Venezuelan with a B.S. degree from Utah State University and M.S. degree in Food Science and Nutrition from Colorado State University. ,. He is the General Manager of the National Institute for Educational \ ';. -Cooperation (INCE) in Venezuela. S His most recent publications are in the area of agricultural ecology. Speaker Contact Information: Miguel Nitiez, IPIAT, Apartado 40, Barinas Barinas State 5101A, Venezuela, Phone: 58-416-6732190, Fax: 58-273-5523959, Email: ipiat2000@yahoo.es 9



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17th Symposium of the International Farming Systems Association (IFSA) Monday, November 18, 2002 (continued) 4:00pm-5:30pm Concurrent Session IV -Theme 3: Farming Systems Knowledge and Information Systems [SALONS X, XI] MODERATOR: John Caldwell, Japan International Center for Agricultural Sciences (JIRCAS), Ohwashi Tsukuba, Ibaragi, Japan 4:00pm-4:10pm Opening Remarks and Session Overview by Moderator 4:10pm-4:30pm Family Dynamics and Household Welfare in Cafiete, Peru V. E. Cabrera and P. E. Hildebrand, University of Florida, College of Natural Resources and Environment. Gainesville, FL, USA..........(p. 34) 4:30pm-4:50pm Growth Performance and Meat Production of Fattened Paddy Herded Ducks Fed Fish Silage Mixed Diets -Antonio J. Barroga, Department of Agri-Management, College of Agriculture, Central Luzon State University, Munoz, Nueva Ecija, Philippines; Prof Rocelyn M. Barroga, Department of Agri-Management, College of Agriculture, Central Luzon State University, Munoz, Nueva Ecija, Philippines; Dr. Prof Hisaya Tobioka and Dr. Rahjeev Pradhan, Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, School of Agriculture, Kyushu Tokai University, Choyo-son, Aso-gun, Kumamoto, Japan.........................................(p. 33) 4:50pm-5:10pm From Measuring to Assessing of Families' Living Standard. The Application of Fuzzy Alpha-Cuts and Monte Carlo Simulation: A Case from Brazil -M. Alves dos Reys and W. Doppler, University of Hohenheim, Institute of Agricultural Economics and Social Sciences in the Tropics and Subtropics, Stuttgart, Germany............................(p. 36) 5:10pm-5:30pm Q&A between speakers and audience facilitated by Moderator 5:30pm-7:30pm Networking Social (in Poster and Tool Bazaar Display Area) Tuesday, November 19, 2002 7:00am-6:00pm Registration Office Open [WESTMINISTER ROOM] 7:00am-6:30pm Posters and Tool Bazaar Exhibits on Display 7:00am-8:00am Early Morning Refreshments (Served in Poster & Tool Bazaar Display Area) 8:00am-9:30am OPENING PLENARY SESSION [SALONS V, VI, VII] MODERATOR: Edwin Price, Texas A & M University, International Agriculture Programs, College Station, TX, USA 8:00am-8:10am Housekeeping Remarks by Organizing Committee 8:10am-9:00am PANEL SESSION: "New Low-External-Input Approach to Rice Farming: Double Output with Lower Costs and Increased Benefit to the Environment" -Norman Uphoff, Director and Panel Chair, Cornell International Institute for Food, Agriculture and Development, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA; Rena Perez, Advisor, Ministry of Sugar, Havana, Cuba; and NimalRanaweera, Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock, Battaramulla, Sri Lanka 20



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November 17-20, 2002 Lake Buena Vista, Florida Exhibit No. T7 The Beahrs Environmental Leadership Program at UC Berkeley -Robin Marsh, University of California, Center for Sustainable Resource Development, Berkeley, CA, USA The Beahrs Environmental Leadership Program is a training program at the University of California, Berkeley, that links environmental and sustainable development professionals around the world with state-of-the art interdisciplinary perspectives on environmental and natural resource management and policy analysis. The Beahrs ELP offers a summer certificate course, membership in an Alumni Network, and post-training collaborative research opportunities. Presenter Contact Information: Robin Marsh, Univ of California, Center for Sustainable Resource Development, 101 Giannini Hall, Berkeley, CA 94720, PH: 510-643-1042; FAX: 510-643-4483; EMAIL: rmarsh@nature.berkeley.edu T8 Smile0: A Simulation And Scenario-Testing Tool for Supporting Decision Making on Rehabilitation and Transfer of Smallholder Irrigation Schemes -Sylvain Perret, University of Pretoria, Department of Agricultural Economics / CIRAD, Pretoria, South Africa ................... .......... ......................................... ................... .( 144) The tool bazaar presentation will consist ofa laptop-based demonstration of the software Smilee. The approach aims at investigating the economic viability ofsmallholder irrigation schemes in a context of rehabilitation and management transfer. The software allows for easy and flexible data capture and storage on infrastructures and equipment, cropping systems, farmers 'practices and strategies, water demand and supply. A module allows for testing options on a water charging system. Finally, simulations can be run, focussing on scenario-testing and participatory investigations on the schemes' prospects and the sustainability issues. The demonstration links up with an oral presentation on November 18, at 11:20AM, on the same topic. Presenter Contact Information: Sylvain Perret, CIRAD & University of Pretoria, Department of Agricultural Economics, Extension & Rural Development, 0002 PRETORIA, Phone: 012 420 5021; Fax: 012 420 5023 or 3748; Email: sperret@nsnperl.up.ac.za T9 International Farm Fellows Program -James Umphrey and Ines Avilds-Spadoni, University of Florida/IFAS, Animal Sciences Department, Gainesville, FL, USA The International Farm Fellows Program offers training in three different areas: dairy, equine and swine. Each area is a program within itself Interested applicants must have at least a university degree (or currently working on a university degree), must understand oral instructions in English, and be between 20 and 30 years ofage. Presenter Contact Information: James Umphrey, UF/IFAS Animal Sciences Department, PO Box 110910, Gainesville, FL 32611 USA, Phone: 352-392-5594; Fax: 352-392-5595; Email: umphrey@animal.ufl.edu lues Avilds-Spadoni, M.S., Coordinator, Academic Support Services, Graduate Program, UF/IFAS Animal Sciences Department, PO Box 110910, Gainesville, FL 32611 USA, Phone:(352) 392-2186; Fax: (352) 392-1913; Email: Aviles@animal.ufl.edu 35



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November 17-20, 2002 Lake Buena Vista, Florida POSTER DIRECTORY Theme 1 -Small Farms Diversification Poster No. 1 The Effect of Income Generating Activities and Household Composition on Household Food Security in Southern Malawi -Andrea S. Anderson, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA .............................................. ................................. (p. 53) 24 Towards a Marketing Strategy for Countryside Stewardship -Joe Morris, Alison Bailey, Charles Neame and lan Crawford, Cranfield University, Silsoe, Bedfordshire, U K ........................................................ ..........................................(p. 54) 2 Agroforestry Practices in Two Communities in the Highlands of Guatemala -John G. Bellow (SFRC), P. K. R. Nair (SFRC), P. Hildebrand (FRE), University of Florida, IFAS, Gainesville, FL, USA .......................................................................................(p. 55) 3 Assessing the Economic Benefits of an Early Wet Season Rice Crop in Cambodia's Rainfed Lowlands -S. Chea'b, R.A. Crambb, H.J. Nesbittn, S. Fukaib and P.G. Cox'; 'Cambodian-IRRI-Australian Project, Phnom Penh, Cambodia; bThe University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia; 'Catholic Relief Services, Kebayoran Baru, Jakarta, Indonesia............................................................................ ..................................... (p. 56) 4 From Centrally Planned Agriculture to Private Farming: Problems and Progress of Small Vegetable Farmers in a Former Socialist Country -Alexander A. Csizinszky, University of Florida, IFAS, Gulf Coast Research and Education Center, Bradenton, FL, U SA ...................................................................................... ........................... (p. 57) 5 Potential of Promiscuous Soybean in Tropical Cropping Systems -E. T. Gwata, D. S. Wofford and K. J. Boote, University of Florida, IFAS, Agronomy Department, Gainesville, FL, U SA ........................... .. ......................... ......... ................................(p. 59) 6 Farmer Research Groups in Southern New England -Sue Ellen Johnson *and Thomas Morris, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, USA; and the *New England Small Farm Institute, Belchertown, MA, USA............. .................. ...............................(p. 61) 7 Studies on Land Degradation in Gurgaon District of Haryana (India) through Remote Sensing Technique -Shashi Jain, M. S. Kuhad and M. S. Grewal, Department of Soil Sciences, CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar (Haryana), India..................(p. 62) 8 Adoption of Cultivation of Medicinal Plants in Wasteland Areas for Improvement of Farmers' Socio-Economical Status -Sunil Kumar and Vijay Kumar Soni, Dept. Of Land and Water Management, Indira Gandhi Agricultural University, Raipur, Chhattisgarh state, India.......................................................................... .................................... (p. 63) 9 Impact of Water Harvesting with Diversified Farming on Productivity and Income of Rainfed Farms in Chhattisgarh, India -R. Lakpale, A. L. Rathore and G. K. Shrivastava, Department of Agronomy, Indira Gandhi Agricultural University, Raipur, India .............................................................................. .(p. 64) 27



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17th Symposium of the International Farming Systems Association (IFSA) Monday. November 18, 2002 (continued) 10:30am-12noon FOUR CONCURRENT SESSIONS 10:30am-12noon Concurrent Session I -Theme 1: Small Farm Diversification and Competitiveness [SALONS V, VI, VII] MODERATOR: Corinne Valdivia, University of Missouri -Columbia, Social Sciences Unit, Department of Agricultural Economics and Department of Rural Sociology, Columbia, Missouri, USA 10:30am-10:40am Opening Remarks and Session Overview by Moderator 10:40am-l 1:00am Public Policy, Markets and Social Learning in Chile's Small Scale Agriculture -Julio A. Berdegud, RIMISP, Santiago, Chile............ (p. 7) 11:00am1:20am What is the Future for Management Advice for Family Farms in West Africa? -Guy Faure, CIRAD Montpellier France............... (p. 9) 11:20am-l 1:40am Agroecological Systems as a Strategy to Promote Sustainable Development for Small Family Farmers -S. L. G. Pinheiro, A. M. Cardoso, V. Turnes. W. Schmidt, R. Brito, and T Guzzatti ...(p. 12) 11:40am-12 noon Q&A between speakers and audience facilitated by Moderator 10:30am-12 noon Concurrent Session II -Theme 2: Engaging Stakeholders in Support of Small Farms [DOVER ROOM -LOBBY LEVEL] MODERATOR: Kathleen Colverson, Heifer International, Gainesville, FL, USA 10:30am-10:40am Opening Remarks and Session Overview by Moderator 10:40am-11:00am An Evaluation of Participatory Action Research in the Transamaz6nica Region of Brazil -C. F. Jordan and C. Castellanet, Institute of Ecology, Univ. of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, USA, Groupe de Recherche et d'Echanges Technologiques (GRET), Paris, France....... ....................................... ...................................(p. 24) 11:00am1:20am Facilitated Learning in Soil Fertility Management: Assessing Potentials of Low-External-Input Technologies in East African Farming Systems -A. De Jager', D. Onduru and C. Walaga3; 'Wageningen University and Research Center, Agricultural Economics Research Institute (LEI), Den Haag, The Netherlands; 2ETCEast Africa, Nairobi, Kenya; 3Environmental Alert, Kampala, Uganda.(p. 22) 11:20am-11:40am Testing Scenarios on the Viability of Smallholding Irrigation Schemes in South Africa: A Participatory and Information-Based Approach -S. R. Perret, University of Pretoria and CIRAD, Department of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Rural Development, Pretoria, South Africa..............................................(p. 28) 11:40am-12 noon Q&A between speakers and audience facilitated by Moderator 16



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17th Symposium of the International Farming Systems Association (IFSA) David Norman David W. Norman is Professor of Agricultural Economics at Kansas *'? State University. He is British and spent twenty years working in national agricultural research systems in Africa. He spent 1965-76 in Nigeria where he was head of the Ford Foundation sponsored Rural Economy Research Unit and head of the Department of Agricultural SEconomics and Rural Sociology at Ahmadu Bello University. From Mid-America International Agricultural Consortium (MIAC) S / USAID sponsored Agricultural Technology Improvement Project I /. under the Ministry of Agriculture. He played a major role in the development and popularization of the farming systems research approach, including the initiation of the International Farming Systems Association of which he is a past president. He continues to take on short-term assignments (mostly as team leader) in many countries (i.e., around 70) in Africa, Asia and the South Pacific for many different agencies including UNDP, FAO, CGIAR system, DFID, DGIS, Rockefeller and Ford Foundations, and so forth. He teaches courses in the poverty and international agricultural development area and in Spring 2000 was awarded the College of Agriculture Faculty of the Semester Award. He is the author of nearly 200 publications (books, manuals, journal articles and papers) and about 50 consultancy reports. Speaker Contact Information: David Norman, Professor, Agricultural Economics, 311 Waters Hall, Kansas State University, Manhattan, Ks 66506 USA, Phone: 785-532-4484, Fax: 785-532-6925, Email: dnorman@agecon.ksu.edu, Web Site: www.agecon.ksu.edu/faculty/norman.html 8



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17th Symposium of the International Farming Systems Association (IFSA) NOTES 38



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17th Symposium of the International Farming Systems Association (IFSA) Rena S. Perez Born in New York City in 1935, at the age of five her parents moved to a farm in upper NY State where, besides helping to run a family egg business after school, in the summer, grew peas and squash for a baby food factory and cucumbers for a local pickle factory. Enrolled in agriculture in Comell University in 1954. Spent her junior year in Paris studying at the University of Paris (Sorbonne) where she met her future husband, a Cuban. At Cornell, majored in entomology, graduated in 1958 and received a Fellowship from U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare as a PreDoctoral Trainee in Parasitology and Medical Entomology at School of Tropical Medicine, University of Puerto Rico, San Juan, Puerto Rico. Since 1959, has lived in Cuba involved with the following activities: V 1964-1970 Founder of Institute of Animal Science, Ministry of Higher Education, where she obtained her Ph D. in Poultry Science, Chief Investigator & Head of Poultry Department, Institute of Animal Science, Havana; V 1970-1979 Head of Department of Production of Swine Feeders/Fatteners and Head of Department of Reproduction, National Swine Enterprise, Havana, Cuba; V 1979-1983 Head of Department of Technology and Mechanization; Advisor to Director, Swine Research Institute, Ministry of Agriculture, Havana, Cuba; V 1983-2000: Department of Complementary Agricultural Production, Ministry of Sugar, Havana, involved in setting up animal production systems in the 156 sugar mills of the island; V 2000-present: retired, advisor to Department of Food Security, Ministry of Sugar, Havana, Cuba, where first introduced to the island through the cane cooperatives the System of Rice Intensification. 1992: Short-term (6-month) Feed Resources Officer, AGAP, FAO/HQ, Rome, Italy 1991-present: has participated in numerous consultancies and expert consultations for FAO in Asia/Latin America in Animal Production and/or Feed Resources related to sustainable systems of production using sugarcane and other local resources Publications: numerous articles for expert consultations for FAO and other organizations related to sustainable systems of animal production and author of Feeding pigs in the tropics FAO Animal Prod. & Health Paper 132, 1997, Rome pp 185 Speaker Contact Information: Rena Perez, Comell University, CIFAD, 31 Warren Hall, Ithaca, NY 14853 USA, Phone: 607-255-0831, Fax: 607-255-5131, Email: rena@mail.minaz.cu 10



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November 17-20, 2002 Lake Buena Vista, Florida Jules Pretty Professor Jules Pretty is Director of the Centre for Environment and Society and member of the Department of Biological Sciences at the SUniversity of Essex. He has published widely, and his books include 'The Living Land: Agriculture, Food and Community Regeneration in Rural Europe' (1998), 'Regenerating Agriculture: Policies and Practice for Sustainability and Self-Reliance' (1995), 'Fertile Ground: The Impacts of Participatory Watershed Management (1999, co-authored), authored); 'The Hidden Harvest -Wild Foods and Agricultural Systems' (1992, co-authored); 'Unwelcome Harvest: Agriculture and Pollution' (1991, co-authored), and Agri-Culture: Reconnecting People, Land and Nature (2002). He is Deputy-Chair of the government's Advisory Committee on Releases to the Environment (ACRE). He is a regular speaker, contributor to media, and presenter of the 1999 BBC Radio 4 series Ploughing Eden and contributor and writer for the 2001 BBC TV Correspondent programme The Magic Bean. He received a 1997 award from the Indian Ecological Society for "Intemational Contributions to Sustainable and Ecological Agriculture". He was appointed A D White Professor-at-Large by Comell University for six years from 2001. He is a founding member of the Agricultural Reform Group and the Neighbourhood Think Tank, editorial advisor to academic journals, vice-president of Suffolk-ACRE, member of the Institute of Biology and British Agricultural History Society, adviser to government on social and environmental development, and adviser to the corporate sector. He was appointed to the International Jury for the Slow Food Award in 2002. Speaker Contact Information: Jules Pretty, Centre for Environment and Society and Dept of Biological Sciences, University of Essex, Wivenhoe Park, Colchester C04 3SQ, UK, Phone: +44-(0)1206-873323, Fax: +44-(0)1206-873416, Email: jpretty@essex.ac.uk, Web Site: www2.essex.ac.uk/ces/ 11



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SYMNPOSIULI SPONSORS Food First Institute for Food and Development Pollq Iowa Stale University, North Central Regional C ~,O.r Rural Development (NCRCRD) North Carol;na State Un-versity, .; : ~ College of Agriculture and Life Se i .... .. Southern Illinois Uniu Collm Aksr it. :)P .1 Texas A &. 4.4w : 1



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November 17-20, 2002 Lake Buena Vista, Florida CONFERENCE SPONSORS 'Wegratefufly acknowledge the support, involvement and interest of our sponsors and particpating organizations: Food First Institute for Food and Development Policy Iowa State University, North Central Regional Center for Rural Development (NCRCRD) North Carolina State University, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences Southern Illinois University, College of Agricultural Sciences Texas A & M University, International Agriculture Programs University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences University of Georgia, Sustainable Agricultural & Natural Resource Management Collaborative Research Support Program (SANREM CRSP)



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17th Symposium of the International Farming Systems Association (IFSA) Theme 1 -Small Farms Diversification (continued) Poster No. 29 Linking Agricultural Research and Farmer Learning for Sustainable Small Scale Horticulture Production in Colombia -Rebecca A. Lee, Horticulture Research Centre, University Jorge Tadeo Lozano, Chia, Colombia ........................... .........................(p. 65) 61 High Grafting: Technique that Allows Production of Wood and Fruit of Quality Simultaneously -M. V. Loewe and 0. M. Gonzdlez, University of Chile, Chile......(p. 66) 58 Integration of Cattle and Improved Pastures under Coconuts -Francisco A. Moog, Anita G. Deocareza and Helen E. Diesta, Bureau of Animal Industry, Philippines....(p. 68) 54 Institutional and Socioeconomic Factors Shaping Adoption of Soil Management Practices (Courbes De Niveau) among West African Farmers (Mali) -Carla Roncoli and Constance Neely, Sustainable Agriculture and Natural Resource Management CRSP, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, USA; Abou Berthd, SalifKanti, Boureima Traore and Harouna Coulibaly, Iquipe de Recherche sur les Systemes de Production et Gestion des Ressources Naturelles, Institut d'Economie Rurale, Mali; Keith Moore, Office of International Research and Development, Virginia Technology Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA, USA ............................................... ...........................(p. 69) 59 Comparison of Corn-Based Cropping Systems for Smallholder Farmers in Nigeria Akim Omokanye, Frank Kelleher and Alison McInnes, University of Western Sydney, Hawkesbury, Australia................. ........................... ..... ........................... (p. 70) 10 Developing Diversified Rainfed-Farming Systems for Chhattisgarh (India): Agronomic, Environmental and Socio-Economic Effects -A. L. Rathore, Vivek Tripathi, A. P. Singh and B. K.Gupta, Indira Gandhi Agricultural University, (Chhattisgarh), India................................................................................................(p. 72) 11 Diversified Cropping and Sustainable Land Resource Management Options for Eastern India -K. K. Sahu, R. K. Sahu, A. L. Rathore and Sunil Kumar, Indira Gandhi Agricultural University, Raipur (Chhattisgarh), India............................................(p. 73) 12 Small Farm Diversification and Competitiveness through Water Harvesting in Rainfed Areas -R. K. Sahu and K. K. Sahu, Indira Gandhi Agricultural University, Raipur, India ........................................... ..................................(p. 74) 13 Integration of Various Agriculture-Fishery-Livestock Systems to Develop Ecofriendly and Sustainable Model -S. Shailendra, S. K Choudhary, S. K. Mahajan, R. Nashine and S. S. Shaw, Indira Gandhi Krishi Vishwavidyalaya, Raipur, India.......................(p. 76) 14 Farm Pond: An Effective Tool For Increasing Productivity and Socio-Economic Status of the Farmers -M. L. Sharma, M.A. Khan, J. D. Sarkar and P. K. Pandey, IGAU, Raipur, India ..............................................................................................(p. 77) 15 Farming System Approach for Sustainable Agricultural Productivity and Income of Resource-Poor Rainfed Rice Farmers -A. P. Singh, A. L. Rathore, Vivek Tripathi and B. K. Gupta, Indira Gandhi Agricultural University, Raipur (Chhattisgarh) India .......(p. 78) 20 Employment Generation Potential of Integrated Farming Systems on Small Farm Situations in India -K. P. Singh, S. N. Singh and V. S. Kadian, Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University, India....... ................. ................................(p. 79) 28



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November 17-20, 2002 Lake Buena Vista, Florida Tuesday, November 19, 2002 (continued) 4:00pm-5:30pm Concurrent Session IV -Theme 1: Small Farm Diversification and Competitiveness [SALONS X, XI] MODERATOR: Constance Neely, University of Georgia, SANREM CRSP, Watkinsville, GA, USA 4:00pm-4:10pm Opening Remarks and Session Overview by Moderator 4:10pm-4:30pm Goat Production by Landless and Small Scale Farmers in North Indian Plains -H.P.S. Arya and Mahesh Chander, Division of Extension Education, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, U P, India....................................................................................... (p.8) 4:30pm-4:50pm Gender Roles in Ensuring Food Security -Dagmar Kunze and Ivy Drafor, FAO Regional Office for Africa, Accra, Ghana and University of Cape Coast, Ghana ................................................(p. 9) 4:50pm-5:10pm Integrated Farming Systems for Smallholders in India -Models and Issues for Semi-Arid Tropical Conditions -K.P. Singh, Professor of Agronomy, CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar (India) ..(p. 14) 5:10pm-5:30pm Q&A between speakers and audience facilitated by Moderator 5:45pm-6:30pm SPECIAL PLENARY SESSION: [SALONS V, VI, VII] The Research-Extension Interface -Clive Lightfoot, International Support Group (ISG), Agropolis International, Montpellier, France 6:30pm-8:30pm Networking Social (in Poster and Tool Bazaar Display Area) 8:30pm-9:00pm Poster Displays & Tool Bazaar Exhibits to be Removed Wednesday, November 20, 2002 7:00am-12 noon Registration Office Open [WESTMINISTER ROOM] 7:30am-8:30am Early Morning Refreshments [ENTRANCE TO SALONS V, VI, VII] 7:30am -8:15am Follow-up Discussion Meeting on the Research-Extension Interface 8:30am-10:00am PLENARY SESSION [SALONS V, VI, VII] MODERATOR: Cornelia Flora, Iowa State UniversityNCRCRD, Ames, IA, USA 8:30am-8:45am Opening Remarks and Introduction 8:45am-9:15am The Historical Perspective of Farming Systems -David Norman, Professor, Agricultural Economics, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS, USA 9:15am-10:00am PANEL SESSION: Future Directions of Farming Systems Farming Systems Board Members and Panel Participants: Ponniah Anandajayasekeram, African Farming Systems Association Hans Langeveld, European Farming Systems Association Christine King, Australian Farming Systems Association NimalRanaweera, Asian Farming Systems Association Sirgio Pinheiro, Latin American Farming Systems Association Ed Price, North American Farming Systems Association 25



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17th Symposium of the International Farming Systems Association (IFSA) Theme 4 -Farming Systems Education (continued) Poster No. 48 People and the Planet: Meeting the Challenges of the New Millennium Interdisciplinary Ecology and Farming Systems at the University of Florida -Amy J. Sullivan, Victor Cabrera, Carlton Pomeroy and Norman Breuer, University of Florida, IFAS, Gainesville, FL, USA. ........... ........................... ............................(p. 127) 49 University of Florida Extension International Training Program -Dr. Pete Vergot, University of Florida Extension, Gainesville, Florida, USA.......................................(p. 128) 51 Agri-Economics Training Course Improvement in Russia -Mark A. Wade, University of Florida, Fort Pierce, FL, USA; Rosa Nikolaevna Murtazaeva, Volgograd State Agricultural Academy, Volgograd, RU........................................................(p. 129) 52 Enhancing Farmer Knowledge in Nigeria: An Experience in Extension Program Development -Mark A. Wade, University of Florida, Fort Pierce, FL, USA; David H. Picha, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA, USA..................................... (p. 130) Theme 5 -Food Safety & Security 62 Development of the Model of Certification of Organic Food Products in Brazil Renato Santos de Souza, Universidade de Santa Maria, Santa Maria, RS, BRAZIL; Fldvia Muradas Bulhjes, Secretaria da Agricultura e Abastecimento, Santa Maria, R S, Brazil............................................................................................................ ..(p. 133) 53 Relevance of Indigenous/Local Agricultural Knowledge: Its Importance in Food Security -IsabelA. Gutierrez-Montes and Edith Ferndndez-Baca, North Central Regional Center for Rural Development (NCRCRD), Iowa State University, Department of Sociology, Ames, Iowa, USA. ....................................... ...........................(p. 134) 55 Multi-Stakeholder Learning and Collective Action in Australia's Pastoral Industries: Enhancing Ecological Sustainability and Food Safety through Environmental Certification across the Supply Chain -Christine King and Lester Pahl, The Department of Primary Industries, Toowoomba, Qld, AUSTRALIA.......................(p. 135) 57 Citizen Panel on Genetically Modified Food Calls for Changes in the Food System Stefan Seiter and Tom Kelly, University of New Hampshire, NH, USA..................(p. 137) 34 Utilization of Conventional Technologies by the Marginal and Small Tribal Farmers For Their Food Security -G. K. Shrivastava, R. Lakpale and M. L. Sharma, Indira Gandhi Agricultural University, Raipur, India..................................................... (p. 138) 60 Losing Traditional Seed Management Systems: A Threat to Small Farmers' Food Security in Nepal -N. P. Timsina, University of Reading, International and Rural Development Department, Reading United Kingdom; B. R. Upreti, King's College London, School of Social Sciences and Public Policy, London..................................(p. 139) 32



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17th Symposium of the International Farming Systems Association (IFSA) Tuesday, November 19, 2002 (continued) 10:30am-12 noon Concurrent Session III -Theme 3: Farming Systems Knowledge and Information Systems [SALONS VIII, IX] MODERATOR: Sarah Workman, University of Florida, Center for Subtropical Agroforestry, School of Forest Resources and Conservation, Gainesville, FL, USA 10:40am-l 1:00am Incorporation of Farmer-Based Climate and Risk Indicators into Research Design and Farmer Typologies in Southern Mali for Decision Support -John S. Caldwell*, Abou Berthe+, Mamadou Doumbia+, Hiromitsu Kanno", Kiyoshi Ozawa*, Abdouramane Yorote+, Kaori Sasaki", Takeshi Sakurai*; Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences (JIRCAS), Tsukuba, Ibaragi, Japan; + Institut d'Economie Rurale (IER), Sotuba, Bamako, Mali; "National Agricultural Research Center for the Tohoku Region, M orioka, Iwate, Japan ................................................................(p. 34) 11:00am-l 1:20am The Recent Extension Of Muskwari Sorghums in Northern Cameroon -B. Mathieu*, D. Gautier** and E. Fotsing***; *CIRAD Tera -Centre de cooperation Internationale en Recherche Agronomique pour le Developpement, d6partement Territoires, environnement et acteurs -Montpellier, France; **CIRAD ForEt, Montpellier, France; ***CEDC -Centre d'dtude de 1'Environnement et de D6veloppement au Cameroun -Maroua, Cameroon .................................................(p. 40) 11:20am-11:40am Exploring Impact Assessment Methodology for FSRD R. N. Mallick, Subash Dasgupta and Musleh Uddin Ahmed........(p. 110) 11:40am-12 noon Q&A between speakers and audience facilitated by Moderator 10:30am-12 noon Concurrent Session IV -Theme 3: Farming Systems Knowledge and Information Systems [SALONS X, XI] MODERATOR: Guy Faure, CIRAD, Montpellier, France 10:30am-10:40am Opening Remarks and Session Overview by Moderator 10:40am-1 1:00am A Framework for Aligning Social and Technical Orientations to Farming Systems Research, Development and Extension -An Australasian Experience -A.E. Crawford', R.A. Nettle', D.P. Armstrong2and M.S. Paine'; 'Institute of Land and Food Resources, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia; 2Department of Natural Resources and Environment, Kyabram, Victoria, Australia.......................................................................(p. 35) 11:00am-11:20am A Global Farming Systems Knowledge Base -John Dixon, Aidan Gulliver, David Gibbon and Malcolm Hall, Agricultural Support Systems Division, FAO, Rome, Italy ..............................................(p. 35) 22



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17th Symposium of the International Farming Systems Association (IFSA) Exhibit No. T4 Training Tools for Ecologically-Based Participatory Implementation of IPM and Coffee Agroforestry in Nicaragua and Central America -Jeremy Haggar, CATIE M IP/AF, M iami, FL, USA.................................................... ............................ (p. 143) Tools are displayedfor the training of crop specialists, field extensionists and farmers including manuals on integrated pest management, workbooks offield exercises for extensionists and farmers, and simple-language producer magazines, together with posters showing the results of work with farmers using some of these tools. Presenter Contact Information: Jeremy Haggar, CATIE MIP/AF, Nicabox 112, P.O. Box 52 -7444, Miami, Fl, 33152, U.S.A., Tel/fax 505 2657303; EMAIL: Jhaggar@ibw.com.ni T5 Ethnographic and Participatory Linear Programming (EPLP) -Peter Hildebrand, University ofFlorida/IFAS, Food & Resource Economics Department, Gainesville, FL USA The EPLP models are developed to understand and simulate the complexity and diversity of smallfarm livelihood systems. When validated, the models are used to assess ex ante differential adoption or rejection ofpotential technologies or the potential differential impacts on households ofproposed infrastructure or policy changes. Presenter Contact Information: Peter Hildebrand, UF/IFAS Food & Resource Economics Department, PO Box 110240, Gainesville, FL 32611 USA; PH 352-392-5830; FAX 352-392-8634; EMAIL: peh@ufl.edu T6 Multi-Stakeholder Collaborative Learning -Clive Lightfoot, Intemationanl Support Group (ISG), Agropoliis International, Montpellier, France Multi-stakeholder collaborative learning processes have been used over the last years in a settings of community based natural resources management and reforms both infarmer demand led extension and in farmer participatory adaptive research. A variety of tools for trainers, researchers, extension managers and policy reformers are shared in printed and interactive CD formats, including opportunities to engage in internet-based communities of practice in this area ofwork. Presenter Contact Information: Clive Lightfoot, ISG, Agropolis International, Agropolis Avenue, Montpellier, 34294, France, Phone: 0033 467047529; FAX 0033 467047526, EMAIL: clive.lightfoot@agropolis.fr 34



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November 17-20, 2002 Lake Buena Vista, Florida Felipe P. Manteiga Felipe P. Manteiga, is the Director of Strategic Partnerships and Representative in the United States for the Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture (IICA). Previously he was Director of the Office of Agriculture and Food Security of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) from 2000 to 2002. He was S. Director of the Office of Economic Growth at USAID/Haiti from 1997 to 2000, Deputy Director of the Office of Economic Growth at USAID/India from 1993 to 1997. ..! Before that, Mr. Manteiga was Chief of the General Development S .' -Office USAID/Guinea from 1991 to 1993, Chief of the Office of Private Enterprise Development at USAID/Guatemala from 1987 to 1991. He was Deputy Director of the Office of Rural Development at USAID/Honduras from 1982 to 1987, Assistant Agricultural Development Officer at the Office of Development Research, Bureau for Latin America and the Caribbean from 1980 to 1982. In addition to his extensive assignments in the USAID, Mr. Manteiga worked as an Agricultural Economic Advisor for USDA/PSSA with USAID/Dominican Republic from 1977 to 1979 and as Agricultural Economic Advisor, Secretary of Agriculture in the Dominican Republic from 1975 to 1977. Mr. Manteiga holds a MA (Economics/Market Integration) from the University of Florida (1972) and has concluded studies towards his Ph.D (ABD) at the University of Florida (1974). Mr. Manteiga is fluent in Spanish and English and has a working knowledge/basic communication skill in French and Portuguese. Speaker Contact Information: Felipe Manteiga, Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture (IICA), 1775 K Streeet, N.W., Suite 320 Washington, D.C. 20006 USA, Phone: (202) 458-6959, Fax: (202) 458-6335, E-mail: fmanteiga@iicawash.org 7



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November 17-20, 2002 Lake Buena Vista, Florida INVITED SPEAKER BIOGRAPHIES Adela Backiel Adela Backiel is the Director of Sustainable Development for the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). In this position, she develops, guides and coordinates policies and programs in sustainable agriculture, sustainable forestry, and sustainable rural communities and works to integrate the concepts on sustainable development into USDA operations. She is the Chair of the USDA Council on Sustainable Development and the USDA lead for the World Summit on Sustainable Development. Ms. Backiel also leads the USDA delegation to the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. From 1995-1999 she served as the USDA liaison to the President's Council on Sustainable Development. Ms. Backiel was Deputy Under Secretary for Natural Resources and Environment at USDA from 1993-95. She was appointed to oversee the national and international policies and programs of the USDA Forest Service and represented USDA before Congress, with other Departments, the news media, and constituent groups, and in international negotiations and meetings. From 1983 to 1993, Ms. Backiel was a specialist in natural resources policy and Head of the Environmental Protection Section with the Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress. In these capacities, she provided objective, non-partisan information, advice, and policy research to all Members and Committees of Congress, specializing in issues related to public and private forestry, public land management and planning, grazing and grazing fees, and ecosystem management. In addition, she supervised eight employees with responsibilities in environmental protection issues, such as recycling and air and water quality. Ms. Backiel started her career with the USDA Forest Service in 1974 as a soil scientist on the Tongass National Forest in Southeast Alaska. From 1980 -1983, she was a forester in the national headquarters office in Washington, D.C. on the policy analysis and long-range planning staffs. Ms. Backiel holds a Bachelor of Science in Forest Resources (1974) and a Masters in Public Administration (1980) from the University of Washington in Seattle, Washington. Ms. Backiel served on the Board of Directors of American Forests, a non-profit organization for citizens interested in America's trees and forests, from 1992-93. She is an elected Fellow of the Society of American Foresters (SAF), the professional association for foresters. In 1991, she received the SAF's national award for leadership, the "Young Forester Leadership Award," given for "outstanding leadership in the development and promotion of programs and projects benefitting the Society and the practice of forestry." Speaker Contact Information: Adela Backiel, Director, Sustainable Development, USDA, Phone: (202) 720-2456, Fax: (202) 690-4915 Fax 5



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November 17-20, 2002 Lake Buena Vista, Florida TOOL BAZAAR DESCRIPTIONS Exhibit No. Tl Using Small-Scale On-Farm Weather Monitoring Equipment as a Tool for Understanding Farmer Rationales and Management in Response To Climatic Risk Kaori Sasaki and John Caldwell, National Agricultural Research Center for Tohoku Region and Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences, Tsukuba Ibaragi, Japan.................... ........................... ............................................ (p. 145) We will display the simple, automated on-farm weather monitoring equipment using to understand the farmer rationales in response to climatic risk ofrainfed agriculture in Mali. Spatial rainfall variability of village was compared with farmer's empirical knowledge through the farmer's meeting. Results will be shown on video and posters. Presenter Contact Information: John Caldwell, Risk Analysis, Farmer Typologies, On-farm Rsch, JIRCAS, Development Rsch Division, 1-1 Ohwashi, Tsukuba Ibaragi P305-8686, Japan, PH 81-298-386384; FAX 81-29-386342; EMAIL: caldwelj@jircas.affrc.go.jp T2 "Heifer International's Development Model and Work in the United States" Kathleen Colverson, Heifer International, Gainesville, FL, USA Heifer International uses a participatory model to encourage community development. Since their inception in 1944, HPI has worked in 100 countries in the world. During this time, HPI has developed numerous materials that can be used with limited resource families to increase income, leadership skills, and to work with youth. Presenter Contact Information: Kathleen Colverson, Limited Resource Farmers Training Programs, Heifer International, 1810 NW 6th St, Gainesville, FL 32611, PH 352-371-1170; FAX: 352-371-2545; EMAIL: kathy.colverson@heifer.org T3 NUTMON-tool -Andre De Jager, Wageningen University and Research Center, Ag Economics Research Institute, The Netherlands This exhibit consists ofa demonstration and manual presentation ofNutrient Monitoring Tool (NUTMON). NUTMON is a research and development tool used to assess soil fertility management practices and impacts of technological improvements. Indicators: soil nutrientflows, soil nutrient balances, economic indicators. Presenter Contact Information: AndreDe Jager, Wageningen University, Ag Economics Rsch Institute, Burg Patijnlaan 9, Den Haag 2502 LS, The Netherlands, Tele 31-70-3358341; FAX 31-70-3615624; EMAIL: a.dejager@lei.wag-ur.nl 33



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November 17-20, 2002 Lake Buena Vista, Florida Monday, November 18, 2002 (continued) 10:30am-12 noon Concurrent Session III -Theme 3: Farming Systems Knowledge and Information Systems [SALONS VIII, IX] MODERATOR: Doyle Baker, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), Agricultural Support Systems Division, FAO, Rome, Italy 10:30am-10:40am Opening Remarks and Session Overview by Moderator 10:40am1:00am Calculating Environmental Indicators for Individual Farms and Fields: The Case of Potato Cultivation in the Netherlands J. W. A. Langeveld", P. WJ. Uithol", B. Kroonen-Backbier and H. van de Akker3; 'Plant Research International, 2Applied Plant Research, 3DLV Advisory Group; "Wageningen University and Research Centre, The Netherlands.......................................(p. 39) 11:00am-11:20am An Assessment of Low Input Farming Systems and Their Adoption: Some Evidence from the UK -A. P.Bailey', T. Rethm2, C. M. Yates2, J. R.Park2 and R. B. Tranter3; 'Institute of Water and Environment, Cranfield University, Silsoe, Bedfordshire, UK; 2The University of Reading, Department of Agriculture, School of Agriculture, Policy and Development, New Agriculture Building, Earley Gate, Reading, UK; 3The University of Reading, Centre for Agricultural Strategy, School of Agriculture, Policy and Development, New Agriculture Building, Earley Gate, Reading, UK .............................. .......................................(p. 41) 11:20am1:40am Integrating Soil Resources into Economic Accounting at the Farm Level: A Brief Overview -Pilar Santacoloma, Farm Management and Production Economics, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United NationsTerme delle Caracalla, Rome, Italy ................................(p. 42) 11:40am-12 noon Q&A between speakers and audience facilitated by Moderator 10:30am-12 noon Concurrent Session IV-Theme 1: Small Farm Diversification and Competitiveness [SALONS X, XI] MODERATOR: Christine King, The University of Queensland Gatton Campus, Toowoomba, Qld, Australia 10:30am-10:40am Opening Remarks and Session Overview by Moderator 10:40am-1 1:00am Rural Agro-Enterprises, Value Adding and Poverty Reduction: A Territorial Orientation for Rural Business Development (RBD) Mark Lundy, Carlos Felipe Ostertag and Rupert Best, Centro Intemacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT), Rural Agro-enterprise Development Project, Cali, Colombia, South America...................(p. 10) 11:00am-l 1:20am Farming Systems Based Strategies for Improved Rural Livelihoods in Eastern Europe and Central Asia -Stjepan Tanic and John Dixon, Farming Systems Development Officer in the FAO Subregional Office for Central and Eastern Europe and Senior Officer (Farming Systems) in the Farm Management and Production Economics Service, FAO HQ, Rom e, Italy .......................... ................................................. (p. 8) 17



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17th Symposium of the International Farming Systems Association (IFSA) Monday, November 18, 2002 (continued) 11:20am11:40am Market Oriented Smallholder Dairy Farming as an Option for Improving the Livelihoods of Small and Marginal Farmers in the Hindu Kush -Himalaya -Pradeep M. Tulachan and Mohammad Jabbar, International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD), International Livestock Research Centre (ILRI)..........(p. 15) 11:40am-12 noon Q&A between speakers and audience facilitated by Moderator 12 noon-l:30pm Lunch on Own 1:30pm-3:00pm PLENARY SESSION [SALONS V, VI, VII] MODERATOR: Peter Hildebrand, University of Florida/IFAS, Food & Resource Economics Department and IFAS International Programs, Gainesville, FL, USA 1:30pm-2:00pm Linking the Isolated Rural Poor to the New Globalization Paradigm: Institutional Bridges -Felipe Manteiga, Director For Strategic Partnerships, Representative in the United States, InterAmerican Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture, Washington, DC, USA 2:00pm-2:30pm Access to Genetic Resources, Genetic Diversification, Seed Production and Integrated Cropping/Production Systems -HowardYana Shapiro, Research Manager, Plant Science, M&M/Mars, Mars, Inc., Hackettstown, NJ, USA 2:30pm-3:00pm Q&A between speakers and audience facilitated by Moderator 3:00pm-4:00pm Formal Poster & Tool Bazaar Session with Refreshments (Presenters to be stationed at posters and tool bazaar displays.) 4:00pm-5:30pm FOUR CONCURRENT SESSIONS 4:00pm-5:30pm Concurrent Session I -Theme 4: Farming Systems Education and Training [SALONS VIII, IX] MODERATOR: Michael Bannister, University of Florida, Center for Subtropical Agroforestry, School of Forest Resources and Conservation, Gainesville, FL, USA 4:00pm-4:10pm Opening Remarks and Session Overview by Moderator 4:10pm-4:30pm Building Capacity for Ecological-Based Reasoning in Farmer Management of Shaded Coffee in Central America -J. Haggar, F. Guhuray, D. Monterroso, C. Staver, A. Aguilar, M. Barrios, R. Mendoza, J. Monterrey and R. Rugama, Centro Agron6mico Tropical de Investigaci6n y Ensefianza, Managua, Nicaragua.....................(p. 45) 4:30pm-4:50pm Communicating Agricultural Research in Africa: The New Role of Rural Radio -Helen Hambly Odame, Research Officer, International Service for National Agricultural Research, The Hague, The N etherlands....... .................................................................. (p. 45) 4:50pm-5:10pm Curricula Change and Human Resource Development for Integrated Farming Systems in Semi-Arid Tropical Conditions K. P. Singh and R. K. Nanwal, Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar, India.............................................. .46) 5:10pm-5:30pm Q&A between speakers and audience facilitated by Moderator 18



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November 17-20, 2002 Lake Buena Vista, Florida NOTES 37



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IPROGRAM AGENDA Is I II III I ii 44 1 . S.-



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November 17-20, 2002 Lake Buena Vista, Florida Theme 3 -Farming Systems Knowledge (continued) Poster No. 33 Integrated Farming Systems for Sustainability in Agriculture: A Review -G. P. Pali, D. Sharma, H.K. Bhange and A.R. Pal, Dept. of Land and Water Management, Indira Gandhi Krishi Vishwavidayalaya, Raipur (C.G.) India............................................... 111) 42 Farming Crop Information Systems -Birger F. Pedersen, Danish Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Denmark.......... ........................................................... (p. 112) 43 Using Household Survey Data to Define Farming System Strategies in Uganda IngridA. Rhinehart and Jordan Chamberlin, International Food Policy Research Institute, W ashington, DC, U SA ..........................................................................................(p. 113) Theme 4 -Farming Systems Education 44 Ph.D. Programme "Agricultural Economics and Related Sciences" -A Programme Especially for Students from the Tropics and Subtropics -M. Moser and W. Doppler, University of Hohenheim, Department of Agricultural Economics and Social Sciences in the Tropics and Subtropics, Stuttgart, Germany... ..............................................(p. 118) 45 People Improving Growth for Swine in Micronesia -Manuel V. Duguies, University of Guam, Mangilao, Guam, USA; Engly loanis, College of Micronesia, Pohnpei, Federated States of Micronesia...................................... ................................................. (p. 119) 46 Voices of Those Behind the Hoe: Organic Coffee Production in Chiapas, Mexico JulieM. Grossman, University of Minnesota, Department of Agronomy and Plant Genetics; St. Paul, MN, USA; Kristen Nelson, University of Minnesota, Department of Forest Resources, and Department of Fisheries, Wildlife and Conservation Biology, St. Paul, MN, USA; Walter Lenin Anzueto Anzueto, Uni6n de Ejidos y Comunidades Majomut; San Cristobal de las Casas, Chiapas, Mexico.............................................(p. 120) 47 Human Capacity Development Project in South Africa (Part of the Bi-National Commission between the United States and the Republic of South Africa) -Barbara A. Hughes, Seminole County Cooperative Extension Service, UF/IFAS, Sanford, FL, USA............ ......................................................(p. 121) 27 Overcoming the Challenges of Interdisciplinary Education: Sustainable Agriculture at Iowa State University -Paige G. Knutsen and Lorna Michael Butler, Iowa State University, Am es, IA, USA ................................................................................. (p. 122) 56 The 'Farmers' Project: Using Adaptive Management for Ecosystem and CommunityBased Rodent Management in Cambodia -Boeur Kok4, Chan Phaloeun2, Chheng Nareth4, El Sotheary2, Angela Frost"'2, Kao Lim Pon3, Christine King', Luke Leung', Long Seng Hau3, Mak Pha3, Meuk Kom Ain4, Ny Vuth2, Pol Chanty2, lean Russell', Seth Sopheap2, Tea Rithyvong4, Ung Sopheap2, Uy Sokco2; 'The University of Queensland Gatton Campus, AUSTRALIA; 2The Cambodian Agricultural and Research Development Institute, CAMBODIA; 3Samraong Commune, Kampong Cham Province, CAMBODIA; 4The Office of Agricultural Extension, Kampong Cham Province, CAMBODIA .....(p. 123) 41 Challenges in Farming: Bangladesh Perspective Institute for Environment and Development Studies-IEDS -Ameer H. Chowdhury and Mominul Hoque Miah, Institute for Environment and Development Studies, Bangladesh.............................(p. 125) 31



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17th Symposium of the International Farming Systems Association (IFSA) Howard-Yana Shapiro Dr. Howard-Yana Shapiro is Research Manager for Plant Science of M&M/Mars, Mars Inc. and Vice President/Agriculture of Seeds of Change Dr. Shapiro was recently invited and accepted a position of Co-chair for the International 1"s World Congress of Agroforestry Speaker Contact Information: Howard-Yana Shapiro, Research Manager, M&M Mars/Mars, Inc, Plant Science, PO Box 34, San Juan Pueblo, NM 87566 USA, Phone: 702-528-6509, EMAIL: howard.shapiro@effem.com 12



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HISTORIC NOTE The publications in this collection do not reflect current scientific knowledge or recommendations. These texts represent the historic publishing record of the Institute for Food and Agricultural Sciences and should be used only to trace the historic work of the Institute and its staff. Current IFAS research may be found on the Electronic Data Information Source (EDIS) site maintained by the Florida Cooperative Extension Service. Copyright 2005, Board of Trustees, University of Florida



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November 17-20, 2002 Lake Buena Vista, Florida Monday, November 18, 2002 (continued) 4:00pm-5:30pm Concurrent Session II-Theme 5: Food Safety and Security [DOVER ROOM -LOBBY LEVEL] MODERATOR: Clive Lightfoot, Agropolis International, International Support Group (ISG), Montpellier, France 4:00pm-4:10pm Opening Remarks and Session Overview by Moderator 4:10pm-4:30pm Case Study on the Traceability Systems in the Fruit and Vegetable Sector -C. Giacomini, M. C. Mancini and C. Mora, Department of Economics and Quantitative studies, Parma, Italy........................ (p. 49) 4:30pm-4:50pm Impact of Trade Liberalization on Small Farmers -Sri Lanka's Experience -N.F.C. Ranaweera, Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock, Battaramulla, Sri Lanka............................................(p. 49) 4:50pm-5:10pm The Invisible Frontier: The Current Limits of Decentralization and Privatization in Developing Countries -William M. Rivera, College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Maryland, College Park, M D, U SA ............................. .............................................(p. 50) 5:10pm-5:30pm Q&A between speakers and audience facilitated by Moderator 4:00pm-5:30pm Concurrent Session III -Theme 1: Small Farm Diversification and Competitiveness [SALONS V, VI, VII] MODERATOR: Howard-Yana Shapiro, M&M Mars/Mars, Inc., Hackettstown, NJ, USA 4:00pm-4:10pm Opening Remarks and Session Overview by Moderator 4:10pm-4:30pm Diversification of Perennial Crops to Offset Market Uncertainties: The Case of Traditional Rubber Farming Systems in WestKalimantan -Eric Penot, CIRAD-TERA, program THI (Tropiques Humides et Insulaires), Montpellier, France; Karine Trouillard, CNEARC, Montpellier, France ...................................................(p. 11) 4:30pm-4:50pm Rural Livelihoods and Agroforestry Practices in the Missouri Flood Plains -Corinne Valdivia, Sandra S. Hodge and Andrew Raedeke, University of Missouri -Columbia, Social Sciences Unit, Department of Agricultural Economics and Department of Rural Sociology, Columbia, M issouri, U SA ...........................................................................(p. 17) 4:50pm-5:10pm Agroforestry and Farm Diversification in the Southeastern United States -S. W. Workman and P. K. R. Nair, Center for Subtropical Agroforestry, School of Forest Resources and Conservation, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA................................................(p. 17) 5:10pm-5:30pm Q&A between speakers and audience facilitated by Moderator 19



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17th Symposium of the International Farming Systems Association (IFSA) Theme 2 -Engaging Stakeholders (continued) Poster No. 31 Developing Community-Based Land and Water Management Practices for Sustainable Production on a Landscape Continuum: A Case Study of the Manupali River Watershed, Bukidnon, Philippines -Virendra Pal Singh, Gemma Belarmino and Thelma Paris, IRRI, Los Bafios, Philippines; Ram Kathin Singh, IRRI-Delhi Office, New Delhi, India ......................... .......................................................... (p. 97) 32 Participatory On-Farm Hydrological Interventions for Restoring the Productivity of Degraded Uplands in the Chhotanagpur Plateau, India -Virendra Pal Singh and Thelma Paris, IRRI, Los Bafios, Philippines; Rama Kant Singh, CRURRS, Hazaribagh, Jharkhand, India; Ram Kathin Singh, IRRI -India Office, New Delhi, India.............(p. 99) 35 Long-term Agronomic and Environmental Effects of Rock Wall Terraces in Southern Honduras -T. L. Thurow and H. E. Sierra, University of Wyoming, Renewable Resources Department, Laramie, WY, USA; PanAmerican University, Tegucigalpa, Honduras........................................ ....................................................................... .100) 36 Rural Development Planning with Community-Involved Verification Projects Kunihiro Tokida, Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), Tokyo, Japan; Kosei Hashiguchi, Sanyu Consultants Inc., Tokyo, Japan ................................................(p. 101) Theme 3 -Farming Systems Knowledge 37 A Generic Household Model for Assessing the Impact of Interventions in CropLivestock Systems -M. Herrero1"2 and R. H. Fawcett; 'International Livestock Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya; 2School of Earth, Environmental and Geographical Sciences, University of Edinburgh, West Mains Road, Edinburgh, Scotland.............(p. 106) 38 An Integrated Modelling Platform for Animal-Crop Systems -M. Herrero"2, P. K. Thornton', G. Hoogenboom3, R. H. Fawcett2, R. Ruiz2 and J. W. Jones4; 'International Livestock Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya; 2School of Earth, Environmental and Geographical Sciences, University of Edinburgh, West Mains Road, Edinburgh, Scotland; 3Department of Biological and Agricultural Engineering, University of Georgia, Griffin, GA, USA; 4Agricultural and Biological Engineering Department, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, U SA .............................................................................................(p. 107) 39 Agricultural Technology and Poverty -Socio-economic Constraints and Opportunities for Generation and Dissemination of New Technology among Poor Farmers (ATP) -Esbern Friis-Hansen, Jannik Boesen, Rikke Olivera Grant and Simon Bolwig, Center for Development Research; Bernard Bashaasha and Richard Miiro, Makarere University, Kampala, Uganda; Faustin Maganga, Cosmas Sokoni and Shekania Bisanda, University ofDar es Salaam, Tanzania....................................................(p. 108) 50 Small Scale / Small Field Conservation -Arnold D. King and Lynn Betts, Natural Resources Conservation Service, Ecological Sciences Division, Washington, D C, U SA ................. ......... .......................... ................. ... ........ (p. 109) 40 Exploring Impact Assessment Methodology for FSR&D -R. N. Mallick and Subash Dasgupta, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Dhaka, Bangladesh; Musleh Uddin Ahmed, Director General, Department of Agriculture Extension, Dhaka, B angladesh ..................................... .......................................................................(p .110) 30



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17th Symposium of the International Farming Systems Association (IFSA) Thomas Forster Mr. Forster is a small farmer in San Juan County, Washington (located 70 miles north of Seattle) and has worked to develop direct urban -rural partnerships to promote local food systems. In the past he helped bring about a community development loan fund for local farms and the first community-owned county mobile livestock processing infrastructure for small scale independent producers in the United States. He has 20 years of national and international public policy experience working with rural development, sustainable agriculture, food security and sustainable development issues. Since 2000, the Sustainable Agriculture and Rural Development (SARD) Initiative facilitated by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization has been a major focus and was recently launched at the World Summit on Sustainable Development in Johannesburg. Currently Thomas is Policy Director for the Community Food Security Coalition, in Washington DC, where he works to bring policies in supportg of community food systems forward in federal policy including the forthcoming reauthorization of the Child Nutrition Act. Speaker Contact Information: Thomas Forster, Commumity Food Security Coalition, 1823 Irving St. NW, Washington DC 20010, Phone: 202.234.1175, Fax: 202-234-6250, Email: thomas@foodsecurity.org, Web Site: www.foodsecurity.org 6



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November 17-20, 2002 Lake Buena Vista, Florida PROGRAM AGENDA Sunday, November 17, 2002 1:00pm-7:00pm Registration Office Open [WESTMINISTER ROOM] 1:00pm-7:00pm Set-Up of Posters Displays and Tool Bazaar Exhibits 7:00pm-9:00pm Poolside Welcome Reception Monday, November 18, 2002 7:00am-6:00pm Registration Office Open [WESTMINISTER ROOM] 7:00am-6:30pm Posters, Tools and Exhibits on Display: Poster presentations and tool bazaar exhibits will be on display throughout the conference, with viewing time scheduled during daily refreshment breaks. A formal POSTER and TOOL BAZAAR SESSION is scheduled from 3:00pm4:00pm on Monday, November 18, 2002 when presenters are to be stationed at their displays. 7:00am-8:00am Early Morning Refreshments (Served in Poster & Tool Bazaar Display Area) 8:00am-9:30am OPENING PLENARY SESSION [SALONS V, VI, VII] MODERATORS: Constance Neely, University of Georgia, SANREM CRSP, Watkinsville, GA, USA and Cornelia Flora, Iowa State University -NCRCRD, Ames, IA, USA 8:00am-8:10am Welcoming Remarks -Peter Hildebrand, Director, International Programs, University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, Gainesville, Florida, USA 8:10am-8:30am Opening Address -Michael Martin, Vice President, Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, Gainesville, Florida, USA 8:30am-9:00am Agri-Culture: The Past, Present & Future of Farming Systems Jules Pretty, Professor, Centre for Environment and Society and Department of Biological Sciences, University of Essex, Wivenhoe Park, Colchester, UK 9:00am-9:30am Effecting Change: Progress, Policies and Partnerships following the World Summit on Sustainable Development -Ms. Adela Backiel, Director of Sustainable Development, United States Department of Agriculture, Washington, DC, USA 9:30am-9:45am Housekeeping Remarks by Organizing Committee Introduction of Board Members, Overview of Symposium Structure and Acknowledgements 9:45am-10:30am Posters and Tool Bazaar Exhibits on Display (refreshments provided) 15



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November 17-20, 2002 Lake Buena Vista, Florida TABLE OF CONTENTS Conference Sponsors ............................................................... 1 Invited Speaker Biographies................................................... 5 Program Agenda ..................................................................... 13 Poster Directory ...................................................................... 27 Tool Bazaar Descriptions....................................................... 33 N otes ......................................................................................... 37 3



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November 17-20, 2002 Lake Buena Vista, Florida Theme 1 -Small Farms Diversification (continued) Poster No. 21 On-Farm Studies under Rural Agriculture Work Experience (RAWE) Education Programme in India -Some Results -R. K. Nanwal and K. P. Singh, CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar -(Haryana) India.......................................................... (p. 80) 18 Relative Price Index-An Efficient Index for Comparing Integrated Farming System Models -K. P. Singh, K. K. Saxena, V. S. Kadian and S. N. Singh, Department of Agronomy, Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar, India.. (p. 81) 19 Sustainability Approach for Comparison of Integrated Farming Systems Models Under Small Holder Situations -K. P. Singh, K. K. Saxena, S.N. Singh and V. S. Kadian, Department of Agronomy, Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural U niversity, India ...................................................................................................... (p. 82) 16 Impact of IVLP on Small Farm Diversification in Chhattisgarh -S. K. Taunk and M A. Khan, Directorate of Extension Services, Indira Gandhi Agricultural University, Raipur, India ....................................................................................................................... ....... .83) 17 Diversified Strategic Land Use System for Small Farm Holders Based on Rainwater Harvesting for Rainfed Rice Areas -Vivek Tripathi, A. L. Rathore, A. P. Singh and B. K. Gupta, Indira Gandhi Agricultural University, (Chhattisgarh), India.....................(p. 84) 22 Intercropping Sweet Corn with Legume Cover Crops: Its Effects on Corn Yield and Intercrop Contribution to the Productivity of Dry-Land Farming Systems in Lombok and Sumbawa, Indonesia -Ismail Yasin, I.G.M. Kusnarta Faculty of Agriculture, Mataram University, Mataram, NTB, Indonesia; Wayan Wangiyana, University of W estern Sydney, NSW Australia..... .... .................. .......... .......................... (p. 85) 23 VAM Populations in Rice-Based Cropping Systems in Central Lombok, Indonesia Wayan Wangiyana and Peter S. Cornish, University of Western Sydney, Hawkesbury Cam pus, N SW Australia............................ ..... ............. ...........................(p. 86) 30 Sustainability Analysis of the Irrigated Vegetable Project at Banco Village, Mali Joe Warnick, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA; Dr. Peter Hildebrand and Dr. Nick Place, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA............................................(p. 87) Theme 2 -Engaging Stakeholders 25 Review of the Benefits and Costs of Flood Defence Options on the Somerset Levels and Moors -Joe Morris, Alison Bailey and David Gowing, Cranfield University, Silsoe, Bedfordshire, UK .. .................. ........................................... ............................(p. 91) 28 Social Capital in the Semi-Arid (Sertao) of the State of Bahia: An Organizational Experience of Small Farmers in the Municipality of Valente -Humberto Miranda do Nascimento, State University of Campinas -UNICAMP.............................................(p. 92) 26 Conflict in Human and Natural Resource Management: The Case ofSaba Senegalensis in Southeastern Senegal -Paige G. Knutsen, Iowa State University, A m es, IA U SA ....................... ........ ... ................................ ............................ (p. 94) 29



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17th Symposium of the International Farming Systems Association (IFSA) Exhibit No. T10 Seeds of Hope: Achieving Food Security through Community-Based Food Systems Oran B. Hesterman, W. K. Kellogg Foundation, Food Systems and Rural Development, Battle Creek, M I, USA ..........................................................................................(p. 144) Despite international efforts to eradicate hunger and a commitment by national governments to achieve universalfood security, it is estimated that more than 780 million people, most of them children, do not have access to adequate nutrition. Various approaches to achieving food security have been attempted -from improved agricultural techniques, to the introduction of new technologies, to the creation ofnational and international policies that focus on human and sustainable development. One particularly successful strategy for improving food security is the creation and expansion of community-based food systems; it provides not only poor families and children with access to adequate food supplies, but adds economic value to families in these communities. This paper focuses on successful community-based food systems that are increasing health and nutrition in underserved communities around the world, and which are also promoting the health of local economies. Presenter Contact Information: Oran B. Hesterman, Program Director, Food Systems and Rural Development, W.K. Kellogg Foundation, One Michigan Avenue East, Battle Creek, MI 49017-4058, USA, Phone: 616-969-2060, Fax: 616-969-2693, Email: obh@wkkf.org 36