Title Page
 Letter of transmittal
 Institutional capacity and...
 Institutional qualification for...

Title: Institutional management capability to implement a cooperative agreement for a Title XII Farming Systems Support Project (936-4099)
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00056165/00001
 Material Information
Title: Institutional management capability to implement a cooperative agreement for a Title XII Farming Systems Support Project (936-4099)
Physical Description: 24 leaves : ; 31 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Farming Systems Research and Extension Program
Farming Systems Support Project
Publisher: Farming Systems Research and Extension Program
Place of Publication: Gainesville Fla.
Publication Date: 1982
Subject: Agricultural systems -- Research   ( lcsh )
Agricultural extension work   ( lcsh )
Genre: bibliography   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
Bibliography: Includes bibliographical references (leaves 22-24).
Statement of Responsibility: prepared by: Farming Systems Research and Extension Program, International Programs in Agriculture, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida.
General Note: Cover title.
General Note: "July 9, 1982."
Funding: Electronic resources created as part of a prototype UF Institutional Repository and Faculty Papers project by the University of Florida.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00056165
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved, Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: oclc - 70046681

Table of Contents
    Title Page
        Title Page
    Letter of transmittal
        Page i
        Page ii
        Page 1
        Page 2
    Institutional capacity and commitment
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
    Institutional qualification for international FSR/E activities
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
Full Text


The publications in this collection do
not reflect current scientific knowledge
or recommendations. These texts
represent the historic publishing
record of the Institute for Food and
Agricultural Sciences and should be
used only to trace the historic work of
the Institute and its staff. Current IFAS
research may be found on the
Electronic Data Information Source

site maintained by the Florida
Cooperative Extension Service.

Copyright 2005, Board of Trustees, University
of Florida

a O)C 0 o

for a



Prepared by:

International Programs in Agriculture

Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
University of Florida
July 9, 1982




TELEPHONE= 90o-392-1971 July 8, 1982

Mr. Wendell Morris
Room 406 RPC SA-18
United States Agency for
International Development
Washington, D.C. 20523

Dear Mr. Morris:

We are pleased to forward ten copies of our response to the AID
memorandum of June 24, 1982 requesting a statement on institutional
management capability for a Farming System Support Project (936-4099).
As evidenced in the enclosed document we have developed a strong
international and domestic farming systems program, and we request
consideration as the management entity.

Even though we have one of the largest agricultural facilities in
the country, we realize that expertise in farming systems is limited
throughout the United States. Our record of previous interinstitutional
cooperation indicates our willingness to work with other organizations
such as universities, foundations, private companies and International
Agricultural Research Centers.

Our commitment to farming systems research and extension in recent
years has focused on building a capacity for both international and
domestic work. Considerable human and physical resources at the Univer-
sity of Florida have been directed towards building that capacity through
training programs as well as technical assistance. Because the number of
people with farming systems experience is limited throughout the world,
we believe that building the human resource capacity must be a priority.
Thus, our faculty development efforts have included bringing to Florida
key people, such as Drs. P. E. Hildebrand and Robert Waugh, and in
developing an interinstitutional support base for domestic and inter-
national work through a cooperative agreement with OICD/USDA.

We propose to have Dr. C. 0. Andrew, Associate Director of Inter-
national Programs, act as leader for the project. Dr. Andrew has five
years of experience administering international technical assistance
contracts at the University of Florida and currently administers the

The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences is an Equal Employment Opportunity Affirmative Action Employer authorized to provide research,
educational information and other services only to individuals and institutions that function without regard to race, color, sex, or national origin.

Page Two
Mr. Wendell Morris
July 8, 1982

North Florida FSR/E Program. Dr. H. P. Popenoe will also contribute
significantly to the effort in his capacity as Director of International
Programs. We are prepared to offer the additional office space to
accommodate this added responsibility.

Finally, as one who has worked closely with the development of
Title XII at its inception, it is indeed a pleasure for me to see efforts
being made to more fully address the comprehensive needs of farming systems
research and extension in developing countries. We are glad to be a part
of that process.

Sincerely your ,

K. R. Tefe tiller
Vice Pres*dent for
Agricul ural Affairs




Farming Systems Research and Extension (FSR/E) is an approach to tech-

nology generation (or adaptation),, testing, and promotion that combines the

observational, analytical, and technical skills of social, economic and bio-

logical scientists with the practical understanding of the farmer. Although

FSR/E is sometimes viewed solely as a socioeconomic characterization and

analysis of farming regions in order to orient on-farm research, at Florida

it is seen as a multidisciplinary endeavor to generate, test, and promote

agricultural technology. Further, that endeavor involves holistic, in-

ductive research as well as the more traditional, reductive variety and

strives for a close intertwining of research and extension. FSR/E was

created in developing countries in response to the needs of small farmers

and is now being found useful in efforts to help the small, family farmer

in the United States.

An interest in small-farm agriculture and farming systems research

techniques at University of Florida evolved through the institution's

participation in a series of international technical assistance programs to

improve the welfare of small farmers, including major AID projects in El

Salvador (1969-79), Bolivia (1976-80), Ecuador (1970-present), and Malawi

(1980-present). The El Salvador project sought to raise incomes and living

standards of small farmers through the increased production and improved

marketing of basic grains and vegetables. Multiple cropping systems were

an important component of this project. The Bolivia project searched for

crops that might viably substitute for coca on small farms in the Yungas

and Chapare regions. Earlier work in Ecuador focused on the development of

small-farm systems in the rain-forest areas of the eastern lowlands.

Current work there focuses on institutional weaknesses that might affect

technology generation and transfer for small farmers. And work in Malawi

seeks to enhance the capabilities of the national Department of Agricultural

Research to respond effectively to the needs of small farmers. Rising energy

costs and cross-cultural international experience with small farmers eventually

led Florida to establish an FSR/E program domestically in order to respond

to the now.urgent needs of small farmers in the state.

After considerable international experience, the University of Florida

began in 1979 to explore the potential of an FSR/E program for small-farm

clients in the state. First Elon Gilbert, then Peter Hildebrand (Biodata in

Annex C) were brought to the campus to study the means for integrating the

efforts of several departments within the Institute of Food and Agricultural

Sciences (IFAS). In December, 1980, the Vice President- for Agricultural

Affairs created an FSR/E program in IFAS (See Annex A), naming an Administra-

tive Coordinating Committee composed of the Associate Director of IFAS

International Programs (to be chairman) and the deans for research and ex-

tension. An FSR/E Advisory Committee composed of departmental chairmen was

also named. At the same time Peter Hildebrand was named Coordinator of the

FSR/E Program (See Annex B).

Early efforts were concentrated on creating an FSR/E methods course and

on establishing an FSR/E project with small farmers in North Florida. The

North Florida FSR/E Project was initiated one year ago. At present, six

scientists from Agronomy, Food and Resource Economics, Soil Science, Vegetable

Crops, and Anthropology are working full time in a two-county area. Edwin C.

French, an agronomist, is project director (Biodata in Annex C). Also involved

in the effort are county extension personnel, experiment station and main

campus scientists, and approximately twenty-five farmers who are partici-

pating in on-farm trials or keeping enterprise records.

Two FSR/E courses have been created at Florida. One, a methods course,

has been taught three times on campus and once in Venezuela. The other, a

management course, was taught on campus for the first time this summer.

Modules are being extracted from these courses for use in short courses.

One such short course, in the design and analysis of on-farm trails, for

example, is planned for Honduras later this year, while a more ambitious

training program is projected for Portugal in the near future.

The interface between the domestic and the international components

of the FSR/E Program at Florida provides one of its basic strengths. Florida

combines the characteristics of national and international agricultural

research and extension programs and with the capability of formal degree

training. Personnel are able to move from the domestic to the international

side, and from research and extension to training and classroom activities

as needs and talents permit.


Florida and International Agricultural Development

The commitment of University of Florida to international agricultural

development, working through its Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences

(IFAS), is amply evidenced by a vast and varied experience in that area. AID

contracts awarded to IFAS since 1965 have entailed project design, implementa-

tion, and evaluation in numerous countries including Niger, Ghana, Cameroon,

Malawi, Vietnam, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Jamaica, Panama, Ecuador, Bolivia,

Brazil, and Guyana. Florida has accumulated a total of forty-five institution

years of involvement in AID technical assistance contracts. Non-AID IFAS

contracts over only the past five years have involved work in Kenya,

Thailand, Honduras, Guatemala, Ecuador, Venezuela, and Portugal.

IFAS, with nineteen academic units, relies for its international programs

thrust on more than 1,000 faculty members, 350 of whom have international

work experience. IFAS international work also counts importantly on faculty

participation from Anthropology, Sociology, Education, Languages, and other

fields through affiliation of the Centers for African and Latin American

studies as well as of individual departments with IFAS Center for Tropical

Agriculture. Foreign language capabilities within both the agricultural and

social sciences include Spanish, French, Portuguese, Arabic, and other

languages such as Aymara and Swahili.

Administrative and Management Capacity for International Work

IFAS possesses excellent management and administrative backstopping

capabilities. Administrative backstopping is handled by the IFAS Office of

International Programs, created in 1966 and consisting of a Director, who

reports directly to the Vice President for Agricultural Affairs, an Associate

Director, an Assistant to the Director (who is also Training Coordinator), and

eight secretaries. The Office interfaces closely with the university administra-

tive structure and is experienced in expediting contract matters such as

short-term technical assistance, training, and logistic support. Departmental

administrative support of international programs for policy is furnished by a

committee of department chairmen while overall departmental support and

communication is provided by an International Programs Coordinator in each

department. Technical backstopping is provided by committees composed of

faculty from the various departments involved in a particular contract. The

best expertise can thus timely be brought to bear on problems.


Inter-Institutional Cooperation

Florida has engaged in numerous international project endeavors entailing

inter-institutional cooperation. Among them:

--An aquaculture project with Auburn University in Guyana
--An abatoir project with Purdue in Niger
--An agricultural sector analysis with three private consulting firms
in Ghana
--A 211-d grand with Purdue, Tuskegee, and Texas A&M to improve
ruminant livestock development programs for the tropics
--A feed composition project with Utah State University and twenty-five
Latin American institutions
--A mineral nutrition study with numerous entities in Latin America
and Asia
--A current contract in Ecuador, where 40% of activities must involve
other universities under Florida direction
--A current contract with USDA and universities from Hawaii, Puerto
Rico, and the Virgin Islands under the Tropical Agricultural Research
Program of Section 406 of PL480
--With Florida A&M University: mutual participation in a strengthening
grant, joint design of the Cameroon Higher Education Contract, and
domestic small-farm cooperation with the 1890 Extension and Rural
Development Program

In addition to the above, Florida has long participated in regional committees

for research over the eastern and southern United States. External faculty

and departmental relationships have also fostered inter-institutional co-

operation of a kind that is of increasing importance due to the current

FSR/E focus within IFAS. FSR/E specialists from other universities have

visited Florida, especially the FSR/E project now underway in North Florida,

and have participated with Florida specialists in workshops and planning


Florida is aware of the complexity and multiple needs of small-farm

agriculture and recognizes that no single institution can respond to all

of those needs. Florida is therefore eager to solicit help from, and to

cooperate with, other institutions, including the International Agricultural

Research Centers.


Technical Assistance Capacity

Technical assistance projects form an integral part of the activities of

IFAS Center for Tropical Agriculture. Virtually all IFAS international projects

already cited in this statement provided technical assistance and involved one

or more of design, implementation, or evaluation. Further, the combined domes-

tic and international farming systems program currently operating at Florida

afford ample evidence of the institution's qualifications for international

FSR/E activities. A list of personnel involved in FSR/E at Florida follows

on the next page.

Training Capacity

The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences of the University of

Florida offers a strong resource base, especially in tropical agriculture,

for the support of training activities in developing countries. International

training programs at Florida involve faculty from the agricultural sciences, the

social sciences, and languages who interact and cooperate through a set of

institutional linkages within the university. Such training can thus better

accommodate a diversity of linguistic and cultural settings and interests.

About one-third of IFAS graduate students are foreign, and on-campus academic

options for both agricultural and non-agricultural students include a Certi-

ficate in Tropical Agriculture, and majors, minors and certificates in Latin

American and African Studies.

Two courses in Farming Systems Research and Extension, both currently

part of the Florida curriculum, have recently been developed for delivery both

at home and abroad. The first course, "Farming Systems Research and Extension

Methods" (AGG 5813), seeks to instruct participants in the philosophy and

multidisciplinary methods of FSR/E, and involves substantial field interaction



FSR/E Component


P. E. Hildebrand
E. C. French
James C. Jones
Marilyn Swisher
George Clough
James Dean
Noel Beninati
Art Hansen
Anita Spring
Craig Smith

Asst. Prof.
Vis. Asst. Prof.
Asst. Res. Sci.
Asst. in Farm. Syst.
Asst. in Farm. Syst.
Assoc. Prof.
Assoc. Prof.
Vis. Assoc in Anth

Agri. Econ.
Soil Science
Veg. Crops
Anth/Ag Econ

Leader, No. Fla. Team
Int'l Training
No. Fla. Team
No. Fla. Team
No. Fla. Team
No. Fla. Team
Malawi Project
Malawi Project
Malawi Project


Chris 0. Andrew
Robert K. Waugh
Edgardo Moscardi
Dennis Purvis
Sherman Pasley
Della McMillan


Dwight Schmidt
Ramiro Ortiz
Francisco Romero
Juan Herbas
John Wake
Bruce Dehm


Gordon Prine
D. D. Baltensperger
C. K. Hiebsch
F. P. Gardner
John VanSickle
H. H. Van Horn
W. G. Blue
Carl Barfield
W. C. Smith
John Woeste
Christina Gladwin
Van Crowder
H. L. Popenoe

Vis. Prof.
Assoc. Res. Sci.
Asst. Res. Sci.
Asst. Res. Sci.
Asst. Dir. Af. Center

PhD Candidate
PhD Candidate
PhD Candidate
M.S. Candidate
M. S. Candidate
M. S. Candidate

Asst. Prof.
Asst. Prof.
Asst. Prof.
Assoc. Prof.
County Ext. Dir.
Dean for Extension
Asst. Prof.
Asst. to Dir. Int.
Dir. Int'l Prog.

Agri. Econ.
Animal Science
Agri. Econ.
Agri. Econ.

Dairy Science
Agri. Econ.
Agri. Econ.

Agri. Econ.
Dairy Science
Soil Science
Agri. Econ.
Soil Science

Int'l Training
Ecuador Project
Malawi Project
Malawi Project
Int'l Training


Fl a.
Fl a.
Fl a.
Fl a.
Fl a.
Fl a.


No. Fla. Team
No. Fla. Team
No. Fla. Team
No. Fla. Team
No. Fla. Team
No. Fla. Team
No. Fla. Team
No. Fla. Team
No. Fla. Team
Int'l Admin.
Int'l Admin.



with local farmers and a practical concern with their problems. The course

was developed by Peter Hildebrand, who pioneered FSR/E methods while working

with the Guatemalan Institute of Agricultural Sciences and Technology (ICTA),

and is presently taught by him and an economic anthropologist, James Jones

(Biodata in Annex C), both of the Food and Resource Economics Department.

Faculty from Agronomy, Animal Science, Vegetable Crops, Anthropology, and per-

sonnel from the Extension Service also participate in the course. The second

course (AGG 4932), developed by Robert Waugh (Biodata in Annex C), another

pioneer of FSR/E methods who participated in the formation of ICTA in

Guatemala, focuses on FSR/E administration and management and is designed to

instruct personnel with responsibilities in those areas. The methods course

has now been taught three times (1980, 1981, 1982) on campus, attended by a

total of 59 students, while the administration course was taught for the first

time this summer to nine students. Florida also offers a minor in Farming

Systems, an option that has been available for more than a year.

Actual training activities have been and continue to be important com-

ponents of IFAS international contracts. Technical assistance in the form of

short-term training (1-4 weeks) has been provided to Ecuador, Bolivia, Colombia,

Brazil, Venezuela, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, El Salvador, Guyana, Panama,

Jamaica, the Dominican Republic, Haiti, Guatemala, Vietnam, Thailand, Malawi,

and Cameroon. On a long-term basis, the University has played an instrumental

role in providing instructional assistance to the Pan American Agricultural

School (EAP) in Honduras, to the National Agricultural School (ENA) in El

Salvador and to the Universidade Federal de Vicosa, Brazil. In Brazil,Florida

also provided extensive training to personnel of the Beef Cattle and Forage

Research Center (CPAB--BRASILIA) from 1972 to 1975. At present,IFAS is involved

in a long-term technical assistance project of an instructional nature with

the University Center for Agriculture, Republic of Cameroon. Specifically

as part of its emphasis on Farming Systems Research and Extension, Florida

has entered into a contractural agreement with the Fondo Nacional de

Investigaciones Agropecuarias (FONAIAP), Ministry of Agriculture, Venezuela,

to provide in-country training to the technical staff in their research

program. The FSR/E Methods course was taught (in Spanish) in Venezuela by

Hildebrand, Jones, and Waugh during one month in the spring of this year.

Nineteen students took the course and ten of them recieved graduate credit

at Florida. Those ten plan to pursue advanced degrees at Florida, all with

minors in Farming Systems. Under its AID/Ecuador contract, Florida

(Hildebrand and Jones) conducted a training exercise in the implementation

of a Sondeo with technicians of the Instituto Nacional de Investigacion

Agropecuaria (INIAP). In August, 1982, members of the Florida FSR/E team

will present a two-week training program at the request of AID/Honduras

for Programa Nacional de Investigacion Agropecuaria (PNIA) technicians.

Training will encompass the design of on-farm agronomic trails and data

analysis, the latter through the use of micro-computer programs designed

for the purpose. An internal evaluation of this course will then be conducted,

as was done for the course taught recently in Venezuela, in an effort to

improve course content and delivery. Florida has also developed an FSR/E

training project in cooperation with USDA/USAID in Portugal. Envisioned in

that project is a training Sondeo, the offering of both FSR/E courses, and

some technical assistance in implementation.

Networking Capacity

The importance of networking, especailly at this early stage of FSR/E

development, is fully recognized at Florida. Workshops, seminars, and short

courses have commonly been conducted by IFAS as part of its projects, both

domestic and foreign, and the FSR/E Program has sponsored several seminars

on campus and presented others at universities and institutions around the

country. Florida is a natural networking node for FSR/E activities. Much

of the pioneering work in FSR/E has been conducted by IFAS faculty members

Peter Hildebrand and Robert Waugh, and Florida currently has an FSR/E pro-

ject operating among small farmers in the northern part of the state.

This, coupled with established training courses and a commitment to FSR/E

at high levels within the university administration, make Florida an es-

tablished international center for FSR/E activities. Considerable communica-

tion in this new field, therefore, is necessarily directed at Florida.

An IFAS in-house FSR/E review and planning workshop has just been

completed in Gainesville and a workshop on the design and analysis of on-

farm agronomic trials has been organized for Cost Rica in September by

the Florida FSR/E Program in cooperation with IICA and USDA.

IFAS also has a well-staffed editorial department to accommodate its

numerous publications, only one of which is a newsletter which describes

FSR/E and other IFAS activities at Florida.

State-of-the Art Research Capacity

Much of what has been said in support of Florida's networking capacity

can also be said for its capacity to perform state-of-the-art research.

Florida is, as stated above, already an established and internationally re-

cognized center for FSR/E activities by virtue of its pioneering development

efforts in this area, of its high-level administrative commitment to FSR/E,

and of its FSR/E training programs. Further, FSR/E at Florida today is well

integrated in the academic structure, so that both faculty and students can

legitimately pursue FSR/E interests. A minor in FSR/E, for example, is

offered for most agricultural curricula at both the master and doctoral


The FSR/E program at Florida is also addressing the part played by

women in agriculture. Christina Gladwin, an agricultural economist, has

studied the role of women on small farms in North Florida, while Anita Spring,

an anthropologist affiliated with the Florida project in Malawi, is currently

focusing on the role of women in farming systems.

Virtually from the inception of FSR/E activities at Florida there has

been a concern to compare, to contrast, and to evaluate different methodologies

and approaches and to place FSR/E within the wider prospect of agricultural

research, both present and historical. That concern is inherent to the

FSR/E pioneering efforts at Florida and will continue with an unabated pace.




OFFICE OF Till VI '[" I'Itl. lDIl NT
FOR AG'HICL'L.T )'.1A'. A 'F-AII);
,,o ...... V. "-'- December 30, 1980


TO: C. 0. Andrew
J. T. Woest
F Wo

FROM: 0. R. Tefe Mi er

SUBJECT. Farming Systems Research/Extension (FSR/E)

As I indicated to you in a recent meeting, we have decided to develop
a farming systems research and extension program as part of our international
programs and test/apply the approach in Florida. Considerable thought and
effort has been given to this over the last number of months and we have
good reason to believe that this can become one of the important areas in
international programs and an area in which we think grant support will be
promising in the future. We think it also has potential to be important to
our small farms in Florida. At this time, I am appointing a Farming Systems
Research/Extension Administrative Coordinating Committee consisting of three
members to coordinate and make administrative decisions as needed and generally
direct the overall- effort. I am asking Dr. C. 0. Andrew to serve as chairman
of the committee. Additional members of the committee will be the deans for
research and extension or their representatives.

In order to move the program ahead, I am at the same time appointing
Dr. Peter Hildebrand as the IFAS-wide coordinator of the FSR/E program.
He will be reporting directly to the Chairman of the Administrative Coordinat-
ing Committee. Dr. Hildebrand will continue his program and faculty responsi-
bilities in the Food and Resource Economics Department.

Ue are pleased that the department chairmen related to this area have
agreed to serve as an advisory committee. The following department chairmen
will make up the Farming Systems Research/Extension Advisory Committee:

W. J. Carpenter Leo Polopolus
C. E. Dean D. L. Shankland
C. F. Eno H. D. Wallace
D. N. Maynard H. H. Van Horn
C. L. Niblett

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December 30, 1980

The Advisory Committee will work closely with the coordinator and the
Administrative Committee and will report to the Chairman of the Administra-
tive Cor.mittee. We will be asking the Advisory Committee to take leadership
in developing a plan to test the concept of FSR/E in Florida. Once this
plan has been developed it will be funded with additional dollars beginning
July 1, 1931. In other words, we do not expect departments who participate
in the's program at the domestic level to use regular funds allocated to the
department for carrying out the major portion of this effort. I would like
to encourage each of the participants to give serious attention to this area
of program.

If there are questions, please feel free to contact me.

With best regards.

cc: G. L. Zachariah
J. J. Brasher
P. E. Hildebrand
H. L. Popenoe
Assistant Deans for
and Research
Department Chairmen


i'oCo:r:Ol' i n i;


FSR/E Administrative
Coordinating Committee

Short courses

FSR/E Minors
Formal courses
Short courses

Annex Organization Chart, Farming Systems Research and Extension Program
Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
University of Florida

1/ Associate Director, International Programs (Chm)
Dean for Extension
Dean for Research
Dean for Resident Instruction

2/ 10 Department Chairpersons from IFAS





Hugh L. Popenoe:

Professor, Soils Science; Director of the Center for Tropical Agriculture

and the Office of International Programs, University of Florida. Dr. Popenoe

is Chairman of the Board of Trustees of the Escuela Agrocola Panamericana in

Honduras, Chairman of the Advisory Committee for Technology Innovation and

a member of the Board on Science and Technology for Internaional Development.

He has worked in most of the countries in the tropical areas of Latin America,

Asia and Africa. Fluent in Spanish.

L. Van Crowder:

Assistant Professor and Assistant to the Director, International Programs.

Mr. Crowder is responsible for short course program development and administra-

tion. His training is in Agricultural Communications and Extension and he has

long-term technical assistance experience in Bolivia and short-term experience

in Honduras. Fluent in Spanish.

Chris 0. Andrew:

Professor of Food and Resource Economics and Associate Director of Office

of International Programs, University of Florida, where he has been administer-

ing international programs since 1977. As Chairman of the Administrative

Coordinating Committee of the IFAS FSR/E Program, Dr. Andrew has been in-

strumental in the institutionalization of that program and currently administers

the North Florida FSR/E Project. Dr. Andrew has a long and varied experience

in providing international technical assistance and training in the context of

small-farm development. He has worked extensively in Colombia as well as in

El Salvador with the Florida multiple cropping program, and in Guatemala with

the FSR/E program at ICTA, where he collaborated with Drs. Peter Hildebrand

and Robert Waugh. Dr. Andrew co-authored a book (with Peter Hildebrand) in

which many of the FSR/E methods now followed worldwide appear. In addition

to having administered Florida technical assistance contracts in El Salvador,

Bolivia, Malawi, Cameroon, and Ecuador, Dr. Andrew participated in the MASUA

consortium for technical assistance in Colombia, where he served as project

leader for five senior agricultural economists in a multidisciplinary effort

that involved over thirty scientists. He served as Chief of Party there in

the fall of 1970. Dr. Andrew is fluent in Spanish.


(Direct FSR/E Experience)

Peter E. Hildebrand:

Professor, Food and Resource Economics; Coordinator of University of

Florida FSR/E Program. Dr. Hildebrand has been extensively involved for

eighteen years, fifteen of them overseas, with international technical assis-

tance, research, training, and program development in several countries in-

cluding Pakistan, Colombia, El Salvador, and Guatemala. Dr. Hildebrand

served for six years with The Rockefeller Foundation in Guatemala, where he

functioned as Coordinator of the Socioeconomic Unit of the Institute of

Agricultural Science and Technology (ICTA). In Guatemala Dr. Hildebrand

pioneered many of the FSR/E methods that are currently in use around the

world, and is today recognized as a leading authority in the field. He has

worked as a consultant in the planning and implementation of FSR/E programs

in various countries. Dr. Hildebrand is fluent in Spanish.

Robert K. Waugh:

Visiting Professor and FSR/E consultant to the University of Florida.

After twenty-six years overseas, Dr. Waugh recently retired from a dis-

tinguished career in international agricultural development with The

Rockefeller Foundation. He was head of The Rockefeller Foundation program

in Colombia and later served for six years as Adjunct Director of the

Guatemalan Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology (ICTA), an

institution which he was instrumental in establishing. Dr. Waugh is known

for his pioneering work in the areas of management and administration of

FSR/E programs as well as for his innovative contributions to the develop-

ment of applied FSR/E training programs. He has worked as a consultant in

the planning and implementation of FSR/E programs in several countries.

Dr. Waugh is fluent in Spanish.

James C. Jones:

Assistant Professor, Food and Resource Economics. Dr. Jones has his

Ph.D. in Social Anthropology, a Masters in Agricultural Economics and is a

major member of the Florida FSR/E Program. He currently teaches a graduate

level FSR/E course with other IFAS faculty and has participated in short-

term FSR/E training in Venezuela and Ecuador. He has extensive experience

in Latin America, including Bolivia and Mexico. He is fluent in Spanish and

also speaks some French.

Art Hansen:

Associate Professor, Anthropology, currently working in Malawi as a

member of the UF/AID/Malawi contract team. Dr. Hansen's speciality is

Farming Systems Analysis and he has had considerable international experience

in both Latin America and Africa. At present he is conducting FSR/E activities

in Malawi. Dr. Hanson will return to Florida in January 1983 and will work

directly with the domestic FSR/E Program. He is fluent in Spanish and has

some knowledge of two African languages.

Anita Spring:

Associate Professor, Anthropology. Currently working on an AID grant

in Malawi to investigate the role of women in agricultural production.

Her project has a farming systems component that focuses on women farmers.

Dr. Spring has had considerable international experience in Africa and

Latin America. She is an authority in the area of Women in Development and

one of the few applied scientists who does research on women in farming


Edwin Charles (Tito) French:

Assistant Professor, Agronomy and leader of the North Florida FSR/E

field team. Dr. French is a key person in the Florida FSR/E Program and

has both international and national farming systems experience. He has

worked in FSR/E related long-term assignments in El Salvador and Bolivia

and has extensive experience with small farm research. Fluent in Spanish.

Marilyn E. Swisher:

Assistant Research Scientist, Soil Science Department. Dr. Swisher is

primarily responsible for coordinating on-farm research and extension

activities in the North Florida FSR/E study area. He background and training

include work in geography, soil science, and biology. Her international

experience includes a Ph.D. dissertation completed at CATIE in Costa Rica

which included on-farm experimentation with integrated livestock/cropping


Della McMillan:

Assistant to Director of Center for African Studies. Ms. McMillan is

currently terminating a Ph.D. thesis in Social Anthropology (Northwestern

University) based on field data gathered over more than two years from

small farmers in Upper Volta, West Africa. She has been teaching a course

at Florida on African peasants and has a strong FSR/E orientation. Ms.

McMillan is fluent in French.

James D. Dean:

Assistant in Farming Systems, Food and Resource Economics Department.

Mr. Dean, who has a M.A. in Applied Anthropology, is a member of the North

Florida FSR/E team with two years of field experience.





Andrew, Chris 0. and Peter E. Hildebrand. 1982. Planning and Conducting
Applied Research. Westview Press. Boulder, Colorado. (In press)

Hildebrand, Peter E. and E. G. Luna. 1974. Unforseen consequences of intro-
ducing new technologies in traditional agriculture. pp. 508-509. In "Session
no. 5, Public investment in research, education and technology." The future of
agriculture: Technology, policies and adjustment. Papers and Reports, Inter-
national Conference of Agricultural Economists, Fifteenth Conference. Oxford
Agricultural Economics Institute. Oxford.

Hildebrand, Peter E., E. C. French, M. A. Barahona, A. E. Chacon and John Bieber.
1975. Manual para multicultivos. Departamento de Economia Agricola, Centro
Nacional de Tecnologia Agropecuaria (CENTA), Ministerio de Agricultura y Ganaderia,
San Salvador, El Salvador, C. A.

Hildebrand, Peter E. 1976. Generando tecnologia para agricultores tradicionales:
una metodologia multidisciplinaria (Generating technology for traditional farmers:
a multidisciplinary methodology). Prepared for presentation at the Conference on:
Developing economies in agrarian regions: a search for methodology, The Rockefeller
Foundation Conference Center, Bellagio, Italy, August 4-6, 1976, ICTA, Guatemala.

Hildebrand, Peter E. 1976. Multiple cropping systems are dollars and "sense"
agronomy. Chapter 18 In Multiple Cropping. American Society of Agronomy
Special Publication No. 27. Madison, Wisconsin.

Hildebrand, Peter E. 1977. Generating small farm technology: an integrated,
multidisciplinary system. An invited paper for the 12th West Indian Agricultural
Economics Conference, Caribbean Agro-economic Society. Antigua.

Hildebrand, Peter E. 1979. Incorporating the social sciences into agricultural
research: the formation of a national farm systems research institute. ICTA,
Guatemala and The Rockefeller Foundation, New York.

Hildebrand, Peter E. Combining disciplines in rapid appraisal: the sondeo approach.
Agricultural Administration 8 (1980-1981) 423-432.

Hildebrand, Peter E. Motivating small farmers, scientists and technicians to
accept change. Agricultural Administration 8 (1980-1981) 375-383.

McDowell, R. E. and P. E. Hildebrand. 1980. Integrated crop and animal pro-
duction: making the most of resources available to small farms in developing
countries. Working Papers, The Rockefeller Foundation.

Norman, M.J.T. 1979. Annual Cropping Systems in the Tropics. University Presses
of Florida, Gainesville.

Waugh, R. K. 1975. ICTA: Four years of history. ICTA, Guatemala, C.A.

Waugh, R. K. 1981. Research and promotion of technology use. In: Transferring
Technology for Small Scale Farming. American Society of Agronomy Special Publi-
cation No. 41. Madison, Wisconsin.


Alvarez, Jose. 1977. Traditional and commercial farm supply response in agri-
culture: the case for basic grains in Guatemala. Unpublished PhD Dissertation.
University of Florida.

Bishop, J.P. 1974. Sistema de production agropecuaria y program de adiestra-
miento para pequenas fincas en la cuenca Amazonica. INIAP, Ecuador.

Bishop, J.P. Mixed food crop/small stock/firewood production for small farms in
the humid tropics east of the Andes. INIAP, Ecuador.

Bishop, J.P. Integrated cattle/hair sheep/timber production for small farms in
the humid tropics east of the Andes. INIAP, Ecuador.

Bishop, J.P. The dynamics of shifting cultivation, rural poor, cattle complex on
marginal lands in the humid tropics. INIAP, Ecuador.

Crowder, Van. 1978. Extension and rural communication in the Chapare and Yungas
regions of Bolivia. IBTA, Bolivia.

Downie, Masuma and Christina Gladwin. 1981. Florida farm wives: they help the
family farm survive. Food and Resource Economics Dept. Univ. of Florida.

Duarte, Rolando and Peter E. Hildebrand. 1978. Tecnologia y estructura agro-
socioeconomica del minifundio de Totonicapan, 1977. ICTA, Guatemala.

Figueras, Juan A. 1976. Diversificacion de cultivos en areas productoras de
coca en Bolivia: metodologia del analysis economic. IBTA, Bolivia.

French, E. C. 1978. Plan and suggestions for the development of small farm
systems for the Chapare area of Bolivia. IBTA, Bolivia.

Hildebrand, Peter E., Sergio Ruano, Teodoro Lopez, Esau Samayoa and Rolando
Duarte. 1977. Sistemas de cultivos para los agriculture tradicionales del
occidente de Chimaltenango. ICTA, Guatemala.

Hildebrand, Peter E. 1978. An integrated approach to the improvement of farm
production systems. Presented at the seminar on the improvement of farm production
systems. Sponsored by the Club du Sahel. Bamako, Mali.

Hildebrand, Peter E. 1979. The ICTA farm record project with small farmers --
four years of experience. ICTA, Guatemala.

Hildebrand, Peter E. 1980. FSR and national agricultural development. In
Proceedings, USDA/USAID Farming Systems Research Symposium, Washington, D.C.

Hildebrand, Peter E. Role, potential and problems of farming systems research
and extension: developing countries vs. United States. Proceedings, farming
systems research symposium "small farms in a changing world: prospects for the
eighties. Kansas State University. 1981.

Poats, Susan. Multiple cropping bibliography. International Programs, Univ.
of Florida. (in process).

Walker, Thomas. 1980. Decision making by farmers and by the national agri-
cultural research program on the adoption and development of maize varieties
in El Salvador. Unpublished PhD dissertation. Stanford University.

Waugh, R. K. 1980. La investigation agricola en el area de influencia del
PCCMCA y su proyeccion hacia el future. ICTA, Guatemala.

Waugh, R. K. and Jose Angel Davila. 1981. In-service training for farm focused
research: the ICTA model. (Manuscript)

Waugh, R. K. 1981. Structuring a technological linkage between agricultural
research and extension. (Manuscript)

Waugh, R. K. 1982. A compendium of notes on farm focused research and extension.
International Programs in Agriculture, FSR/E Program. University of Florida.

Zimet, David J, Chris 0. Andrew and Peter E. Hildebrand. 1976. The economic
potential for increasing vegetable production in the Zapotitan District, El
Salvador. Economics Report 78. Food and Resource Economics Dept. University
of Forida.

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