The publications in this collection do
not reflect current scientific knowledge
or recommendations. These texts
represent the historic publishing
record of the Institute for Food and
Agricultural Sciences and should be
used only to trace the historic work of
the Institute and its staff. Current IFAS
research may be found on the
Electronic Data Information Source
site maintained by the Florida
Cooperative Extension Service.
Copyright 2005, Board of Trustees, University
AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH & EDUCATION CENTER
IFAS, University of Florida s\
Bradenton AREC Research Report GC1981-1 February 1981
AN OVERVIEW OF THE MISSION AND FUTURE PROGRAM DIRECTION
AT AREC-BRADENTON, ARC-DOVER, AND ARC-IMMOKALEE
W. E. Waters
RESEARCH MISSION AND IMPORTANCE TO THE STATE OF FLORIDA
The research programs within this budgetary unit, which include the Agricultural
Research and Education Center (AREC) in Bradenton and the Agricultural Research Cen-
ters (ARC) located at Dover and Immokalee, are involved directly with the ornamental,
vegetables and agronomic commodities of the State of Florida. An interdisciplinary
team approach of several commodity and fundamental disciplines is utilized in the
research thrust, thereby enabling the Centers to maximize research productivity on,
limited investment. The research efforts are primarily on commercial horticultural
and forage crops; therefore, they have a major impact upon the agricultural indus-
tries of the state of Florida.
The AREC-Bradenton vegetable and ornamental programs serve all of the sand land
production of Florida, especially the heavy agricultural and horticultural industries
in the coastal production zones. The ARC-Dover serves primarily the strawberry in,
dustries located in Polk, Hillsborough and Manatee Counties and some limited produc-
tion scattered in north and south Florida. The programs at the ARC-Immokalee are
designed to serve the large vegetable industries of the tri-county area of Lee,
Collier and Hendry counties and the pasture and forage industries of the southern
half of the state.
The major vegetable crop thrust is tomato with secondary crops being cauliflower,
pepper, corn, onion, cucumber, melon and other cucurbits, and a minor amount of re-
search on leafy and other cool season crops. For example, the tomato breeding pro-
gram is the foremost fresh-market tomato breeding effort within the academic commun-
ity of the United States. Historically, this program has released 25 tomato varie-
ties and we are in the process of releasing 9 more varieties for utilization in
Florida's $228.7 million tomato industry.
The ornamental program thrust is primarily in the field of floriculture and
the major commodities involved are chrysanthemum, gladiolus, caladium, poinsettia,
gypsophila, statice, and other potted floricultural crops. A very minor effort is
extended in the area of ornamental foliage plants and landscape plants. For example,
the gladiolus breeding program is a major part of the ornamental program and is the
only University supported gladiolus breeding program in the United States today.
The Florida gladiolus industry is declining and new disease-resistant gladiolus
cultivars are essential to industry survival. One gladiolus variety was released
recently, one additional variety is in the process of being released, and several
others are proposed for release.
The research program at the Agricultural Research Center in Dover is oriented
toward breeding, production and pest control of strawberries. The breeding research
is the major strawberry breeding program in the southern half of the United States
and our primary objective is to develop Anthracnose and other disease resistant cul-
tivars for Florida. Two such cultivars, 'Florida Belle' and 'Dover,' have been re-
leased in the past three years. Several other promising seedlings are in the evalu-
ation stage. The secondary thrust at Dover deals with production of miscellaneous
vegetable crops for small farming systems in the Plant City area.
The primary thrust of the program at the Agricultural Research Center in Immok-
alee is to develop cultural, nutritional, disease and insect control information for
the large commercial vegetable industries of Florida and to cooperate in the evalua-
tion of Florida tomato breeding lines. The secondary thrust at Immokalee is with
forage and agronomic crops to serve the vast cattle industry of south Florida. This
program is performed in close cooperation with the agronomists at the Agricultural
Research Center in Ona.
MAJOR PROGRAM OBJECTIVES
The objective of the research programs in the Bradenton-Dover-Immokalee unit is
to develop scientific information on ornamental, vegetable, and agronomic commodities
of Florida by emphasizing:
(1) Quality improvement through genetics, and plant breeding of products avail-
able to the consumer from the Florida industries. Examples are improved cultivars
through breeding of tomatoes, gladiolus, strawberries and cucurbits.
(2) Environmental improvement through development of new technology and prac-
tices to reduce environmental pollution without sacrificing product quality. Exam-
ples include air pollution studies on the effects of fluoride, SO2, and ethylene on
horticultural products, salt movement in agricultural soils from fertilizer applica-
tion, and integrated pest management (IPM) for vegetable and ornamental crops.
(3) Development of new or improved technology for more efficient production,
handling and utilization of crops. Examples include development of the full bed
plastic mulch concept for tomato and post harvest handling techniques for floral
(4) Maintenance and improvement of soil productivity in Florida. Examples in-
clude studies on plant nutrition, soil chemistry, and methods of controlling insects,
diseases and nematodes in Florida soils to enable continuous farming practices on
the same land.
(5) Development of information on the water requirements, water quality and
quantity, irrigation techniques, conservation, and other parameters relating to
water in agriculture.
(6) Development of economic and other technical information that will allow
Florida growers to produce crops more economically.
(7) Advancement of the basic knowledge of the various scientific disciplines
represented by the faculty.
(8) Assistance with the Cooperative Extension Service and the departments with-
in the College of Agriculture of IFAS and other Research Centers in extension, edu-
cational training programs, graduate student studies, and cooperative research pro-
grams that will ultimately benefit not only the producer but the consumer and the
general public of the state of Florida.
FUTURE PROGRAM DIRECTION
Program direction in the immediate future will emphasize:
(1) Strengthening all aspects of genetics and plant breeding to develop improved
cultivars, especially tomatoes, strawberries, and flowers, which will allow the state's
agricultural industries to compete more effectively with foreign imports as well as
other production areas of the U.S.
(2) Continued development of technical information on the pesticides in use or of
potential use that will enhance the chances of labeling for Use in the agricultural
community of Florida.
(3) Further development of in-depth scientific data that will help activate effec-
tive pest management programs in vegetables and ornamentals.
(4) Development of comprehensive water management research programs for the com-
modities which fall under the responsibility of these three Centers.
(5) Development of research programs that will otddliee energy and utilize alter-
nate energy sources such as solar and biomass production.
(6) Development of a program in the area of Agricultural Engineering involved
with mechanization, solar engineering, water utilization, and greenhouse designs for
(7) Continued development of the air pollution control program, especially in
the area of F, SO2, and ethylene pollutants.
(8) Continuation of development of total production concepts involving crop man-
agement systems and modeling that will help the Florida horticultural industries main-
tain a greater degree of stability relative to the economy.
(9) Continued emphasis on discipline programs in the areas of Plant Physiology,
Plant Pathology, Entomology, Nematology, Soil Chemistry, and Agricultural Economics.
(10) Strengthening, within the next few years, research programs relating to
methods of dealing with adverse weather and environmental conditions for the horti-
cultural crops of Florida.
(11) Expansion of research programs in the field of weed science.
(12) Strengthening programs in the development of methods of handling germplasm,
tissue culture, seed physiology, and variety testing of genetic materials in Florida.
(13) Expansion of graduate student training programs at AREC-Bradenton.
(14) Enhancement of the State extension programs at the Center and strengthening
the County extension program support.
CURRENT RESEARCH PROJECTS
FLA-GC-01817 Multicrop. & util. systems in forage-grain prod. for S. Florida
FLA-GC-01793 Solar energy conversion as applied to greenhouses
FLA-GC-01668 Biology and control of insects and pests on ornamental crops
FLA-GC-01914 Integrated pest management in celery and other vegetable crops
FLA-GC-01965 Mole cricket biology, control, and management
FLA-GC-02010 Improvement of strawberry cultivars
FLA-GC-01553 Genetic improvement of ornamental plants
FLA-GC-01830 Evaluation of vegetable cultivars
FLA-GC--00001 Preliminary exploratory Vegetable and cut flower research
FLA-GC-01866 Macro and micro-element nutrition of ornamental hort. & turf plants
FLA-GC-01886 Environmental effects on ornamental plants
FLA-GC-02047 Properties of natural & synthetic media & effects on ornamental plants
FLA-GC-01662 Biology and control of nematodes affecting ornamental Crops
FLA-GC-01696 Biology and control of nematodes affecting vegetable crops
FLA-GC-01336 Diseases and cultural problems on minor subtrop. veg., fruits & orn.
FLA-GC-01656 Eval. chem. and pest mgmt. for control of diseases of econ. crops
FLA-GC-01834 SO2, air quality and Florida vegetation
FLA-GC-01918 Rhizosphere ecology as related to plant health and vigor
FLA-GC-01976 Trickle irrigation in humid regions
FLA-GC-01820 Develop. of systems for the prod., handling, & marketing of tomatoes
Field crop variety testing
Eval. of grasses, legumes & other
Evaluation of vegetable cultivars
Preliminary exploratory research
crops for forage mgmt. practices
LA~OV-01830 Evaluation of vegetable cultivars
FLA-SV-02010 Varietal improvement of strawberries
FLA-SV-02009 Diseases of strawberries
FLA-SV-00001 Preliminary plant and soil investigations
CURRENT LIST OF FACULTY, APPOINTMENT DATE, AND AREA OF SPECIALIZATION
Agricultural Research and Education Center
Waters, Will E., 1960, Horticulturist and Center Director. Administration, soil
and plant nutrition and herbicides.
Burgis, D. S., 1946, Horticulturist. Emeritus. Vegetable production, weed control
and growth regulators.
Chambliss, C. G., 1976, Extension Agroohmist. Develop extension educational programs
and cooperative research programs ohforage productitb for south Florida.
Csizinszky, A. A., 1976, Asst. Horticulturist. Production systems, crop management
and post-harvest studies of vegetable crops.
Engelhard, A. W., 1966, Plant Pathologist. Etiology and control of diseases of
Geraldson, C. M., 1951, Soils Chemist. Soil nutritional problems and their relation-
ship with cultural methods for vegetable production.
Glreath, J. P., 1980, Asst. Horticulturist. Weed control of vegetable and ornamen-
Harbaugh, B. K., 1975, Assoc. Ornamental Horticulturist. Systems for production,
harvesting and marketing of ornamental crops.
Howe, T. K., 1979, Asst. in Plant Physiology. Assist Plant Physiologist in disorders
and diseases of ornamental and vegetable crops.
Jones, J. P., 1958, Plant Pathologist. Etiology and control of diseases of vege-
table crops. ;
Magie, R. 0., 1945, Plant Pathologist. Emeritus. Etiology and control of diseases
of ornamental crops with emphasis on gladiolus flower and corm diseases.
Marlowe, G. A., 1975, Extension Vegetable Specialist. Develop extension educational
programs and cooperative research on vegetable crips of southwest Florida.
Overman, A. J., 1945, Nematologist. Etiolgy and control of nematode problems on
ornamentals and vegetables.. ,: ,
Prevatt, J. W., 1979, Extension Farm Management Ecinbmist. Develop extension farm
management educational programs in agriculture and cooperative research on pro-
duction economics of vegetables and ornamentals.
Price, J. F., 1978, Asst. Entomologist ,Identificati6h, biology and control of
insects and mites of ornamentals and strawberry crops.
Schuster, D. J., 1975, Assoc. Entomologist. Identification, biology and control of
insects and mites of vegetable crops.
Snowden, S. E., 1980, Asst. in Plant Pathology. Etiology and control of diseases
of ornamental crops.
Stanley, C. D., 1979, Asst. Soil Scientist. Soil-water relations for ornamental
and vegetable crops.
Wilfret, G. J., 1969, Geneticist. Breeding and development of new varieties of
cut-fl6wers and other ornamental crops.
Woltz, S. S., 1953, Plant Physiologist.
table and ornamental crops.
Physiology disorders and diseases of vege-
1980, Extension Agricultural Engineering Specialist.
water management and general agricultural design engineering.
1980, Asst. Geneticist.
characters related to tomatoes.
Tomato variety development and genetics of
Agricultural Research Center Immokalee, Florida
Everett, P. H., 1958, Soils Chemist. Center administration, soil and plant nutri-
tion, production and variety development of vegetable crops.
Asst. Plant Pathologist. Etiology and control of vegetable
emphasis on disease forecasting and fungicide longevity.
Agricultural Research Center Dover, Florida
Albregts, E. E., 1967, Assoc. Soils Chemist. Center administration, production,
soil, and plant nutrition of strawberries and vegetables.
Howard, C. M., 1967, Assoc. Plant Pathologist. Strawberry breeding and etiology
and control of vegetable and strawberry diseaseS.