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Group Title: Agronomy research report - University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences ; AY 85- 6
Title: Establishment of rhizoma peanuts for forage
CITATION THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00056073/00001
 Material Information
Title: Establishment of rhizoma peanuts for forage
Series Title: Agronomy research report
Physical Description: 12 leaves : ; 28 cm
Language: English
Creator: Prine, G. M ( Gordon Madison ), 1928-
University of Florida -- Agronomy Dept
Publisher: University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, Agronomy Department
Place of Publication: Gainesville Fla
Publication Date: [1984]
 Subjects
Subject: Peanuts -- Varieties -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Forage plants -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: non-fiction   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Statement of Responsibility: Gordon M. Prine.
General Note: Caption title.
General Note: "December 1984."
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00056073
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 62522460

Table of Contents
    Historic note
        Historic note
    Main
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
Full Text





HISTORIC NOTE


The publications in this collection do
not reflect current scientific knowledge
or recommendations. These texts
represent the historic publishing
record of the Institute for Food and
Agricultural Sciences and should be
used only to trace the historic work of
the Institute and its staff. Current IFAS
research may be found on the
Electronic Data Information Source
(EDIS)

site maintained by the Florida
Cooperative Extension Service.






Copyright 2005, Board of Trustees, University
of Florida





4 .. ... .. ; .. .


"lt fI UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA "

F F INSTITUTE O" FOOD AND AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES
^:^ BB.gB / w ;. .^^;;:..: '''. : .. ". '',

~G* .. .. AINESVIL-. E. FL.ORIDA 32611
AGRONOMY DEPARTMENT -r. .
..' 304 NEWELL HALL .' -, -.. ,. f
., : Agronomy Research Report AY 85-6 December, 1984
..;.., E.stabl t shshment ofRhoma Peanuts for Forage

S.. ... .Gordon- t. Prine .
This publication has the purpose of providing information on the -. '.
. ', .. ; .,."' -' .*
establishment of Florigraze rhizoma peanut during the first year of .',.
"growth and listing those persons who have received Florigraze rhizomes I
From Florida Foundation Seed Producers, Inc.; and IFAS Agronomy -'
.. Department. 'The potential and culture of FTorigraze rhizoma peanut is
described in Florida Agricultural Experiment Station Circular S-275,
"''Florigraze Rhizoma Peanut, a Perennial Forage Legume". This circular
c. an be obtained from any Florida County Extension Office or by
I.
Contacting this author. A second rhizoma peanut named "Arbrook" will be
S. distributed to commercial rhizoma- producers starting winter of 1984-85.
S" "- --Conti-nued next page...

.- '.-
S ; "' Steps for Establishment ot Florigraze .-- ....
,. Locate a commercial rhizome grower and get your name on list
HUME LIBRARY to receive rhizomes in January or February.
.J 2. Select well-drained soil area tree of perennial grasses. Lime
J 1 2,1-355. soil with dolomite limestone if pH is below 5.7. Work soil
into seed bed before January 1, preferably with moldboard'
o1 Ford plow. Sod or crop land plowed in August and fallowed by, r;
._ Univ. lo harrowing in fall makes an excellent seed bed for perennial' '
peanut in winter.
3. Have your dealer special order inoculant two months before you .. -.:
need it, as dealers do not usually carry peanut inoculant in
Winter. .
.'A. -
4. Incorporate trifluralin (T ..ilan) 'r benefit (Balan) herbicide
into soil at least 2 weeks before planting peanut. Also apply ; -..,.
vernolate (Vernam), if nutsedge is present. Nutsedge is :. -
present more times than not, so usually a tank mix ot .. ; ,.'
trifluralin or benetin with vernolate is best. Fertilize with '"
300 pounds/acre (336 Kg/hal of 0-10-20 or similar analysis
fertilizer without nitrogen and work into soil with herbicide. .
Continued on page 3...
... Professor, University of Florida, IFAS, Agronomy Department, ''.,,:
,g? 'Gainesville, Florida 32611, Phone (904) 392-1811. -
COLt.LEGE OF AGRICULTURE AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENrT STATION C '3CEq AT.VE EXTENSIOC4 SER'Vi.E cE,. ;
SCHOOL_ OF FOREST RESOURCES ANo CONSERVATOr.. CCrTCR FOR TROICA &- AGRICULTURE .,
The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences is an Equal Emoloyment OpoorTunry Aftirnarrane Action Employer autnorirzed e, research
educational information and other services only to individuals and institutions that function without regard to race, coIol .aX, aL





*A.
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Persons interested in growing Florigraze can obtain rhizomes from .
commercial growers who have already planted the peanut. Tables 1.and 2
*; l.* ist growers who have planted Florigraze and.who may have rhizomes
Available for sale. Al t successful growers, who received; Florigraz
-peanut in 1981 and earlier, should have rhizoes developed enough to.dig.
Sin 1984-85 winter. Commercial rhizome growers interested in growing
Arbrook rhizoma peanut rhizomes for sale to general public, should ..
S.contact this author or Florida.Foundation Seed Producers, Inc., P. 0... ,.- '
Box 309, Greenwood,. Florida,. Phone (9044 594-4721. .; ,-
",- .. -. .' -- r
Growers-who wish to produce their-own seed stocks of Florigraze
Peanut should plant at least one acre. They should plant additional
acreage at rate of one acre of peanuts to each 20 acres they may .
ultimately want to plant in peanut. Every acre planted to perennial. .
.,. grass on well-drained soil is a potential acre for planting Florigraze
peanut. Any extra rhizomes produced can be sold to others in the .
community. :
Research indicates the most economical and-:-practical way to dig
rhizomes is'with a bermudagrass sprig harvester. These harvesters ,,. .. "
separate rhizomes cleanly from the soil but break the rhizome mat into- ..
pieces 6 to 12 inches long.:-The sprig harvester should be operated to~" '
dig as long a rhizome piece as is possible
Each of these rhizome pieces has one to four nodes where buds can
develop into a new shoot. The resulting plants are weak and do not,- .
spread as rapidly as when bigger sections of rhizomes are dug with a,
modified potato digger. However, this can be overcome by a more uniform
distribution of rhizome pieces. .,
Forty bushels of rhizomes per acre (3.5 m2/ha) is about the minimum ..
quantity that will achieve a complete peanut coverage by the end of the .
first season. This amount is the same regardless of digging method. .
Higher rates of rhizome planting give faster coverage and more insurance '.
L "-.4; '* "-* .
that first season coverage will be obtained. Consequently, the grower "
who has his own supply of rhizomes is best advised to plant 60, 80 or
^. -, ..`A j-!-
more bushels of rhizomes per acre. The expense of purchased rhizomes
makes these rates prohibitive. -Row width for rhizomes dug with
bermudagrass sprig harvester should not exceed 24 inches (60 cm) and
.- .- .-. :.



'






3



narrower widths are better. The rhizomes can be planted in rows by hand
or with a bermudagrass sprig planter. When planted with a sprig
planter, the rhizomes are scattered uniformly in the row. If planted by
hand, the rhizomes can be placed in hills 24 inches (60 cm) or less .. u.^
apart in drill row (not further apart than row width). The more'-- ':
uniformly the rhizome pieces are distributed across the field, the,,- .
better the coverage will be during the first season. .
The easiest way to plant peanut is to broadcast rhizome pieces
uniformly on the surface and harrow them in. If done carefully and the'-
soil is packed down afterwards, this is a successful method of planting., :'
Tobacco and vegetable plants are also useful in planting peanut '
rhizomes.
Regardless of how you plant Florigraze rhizomes, they should be
completely covered with soil to approximately 2 inches depth in course-:
sand, 1 to 11 inches depth in fine sand, and 3/4 to 1 inch depth in '.
sandy loam and clay soils. Arbrook can be planted i to 1 inch deeper '"
than Florigraze with equal success. Try not to plant in dry soil, but .;
if you must, plant 1/2 to 1 inch deeper than suggested above.
The best time tor planting Florigraze peanut is January and
February when peanut top growth is dead from frost. However, peanuts .: .
can be planted from mid-December to mid-March. Plant survival was : .
poorer when planted in mid-March compared to January and February during
the dry year of 1981.


Steps for Estalishment ot Florigraze (Continued)

5. Plant 40 bushels/acre (3.5 m3/ha) or more of rhizomes as
uniformly as possible over land at proper depth (see text-) in.
January or February. Hills of peanuts dug with bermudagrass
sprig digger should not be planted more than 24 inches (bU cm)
apart. Pick out perennial grass parts by hand that might be
mixed with peanut rhizomes for pure stands.

6. Inoculant with peanut inoculant at planting. The inoculant.
can be sprayed or dusted on moist rhizomnes before planting or
applied in soil with rhizomes as they are planted with a
sprayer for liquid inoculant or a granular applicator for
granular inoculant.
Continued on page 5,

*4 7- -.-.



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S Weed Control .. .
Weeds are the worst pest in growing Florigraze and must be -
controlled if first season coverage is to be obtained.' Uncontrolled..
weeds in rhizoma peanut during the first several months after planting',
can result in the death ot the developing peanut plants. ,i.No herbicides
are specifically registered for use on rhizoma peanutstas it- is a i-new::
crop of limited acreage. Table 3 gives information on herbicides we
have found experimentally to be useful in controlling weeds during the .:.,
establishment of rhizoma peanuts. Some of these herbicides may be '-.
registered for use on rhizoma peanut in the future. I '
The biggest weed problem is perennial grass in a rhizoma peanut '
nursery or hay field. This problem can be minimized by-planting on soil
which does not have a perennial grass growing and-by separating out
grass pieces that may be mixed with Florigraze rhizomes at planting. ..
Poast and Fusilade, new herbicides released for use on soybeans, ".. .
promises to kill bermudagrass and other perennial grasses out of rhizoma
peanut with little or no damage to peanut. Very expensive herbicides,
Poast and Fusilade will probably only be useful on nurseries from which
rhizomes are to be dug-for propagation purposes.-:-On rare occasions, "
perennial grasses may emerge before the peanut in spring. If this '-.'.
happens, the grass can be killed with the herbicide, Roundup, with '' '-":.':
little or no damage to peanut. Do not use Roundup on emerged peanut
plants as it may kill them.
The forage of rhizoma peanut and accompanying vegetation cannot be "
used as feed for livestock if certain herbicides-are applied, so be sure
to check label on herbicide containers. In the establishment year, the
forage yield of peanut is so low that only a little grazing or hay is
possible. It may be practical to use a herbicide at this time, even if
it may render the forage unusable as feed. By decreasing weed :
competition, peanut survival and coverage can be increased. If the -.;. ..
forage is usable for teed, the top growth can be harvested at the end of .
the first growing season without affecting peanut coverage. Top growth
contaminated by herbicides can be destroyed by burning after frost
occurs with little or no damage to the peanut. Do not plant rhizoma
i.-#
peanut in soil treated with benefin (Balan) or trifluralin (Treflan)- .
less than 14 days earlier as damage to peanut rhizomes may occur,
resulting in thin plant stands. .


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Steps for Establishment of Florigraze (Continued)

7. Apply alachlor (Lasso) and dinoseb (Premerge 3) herbicides in
tank mix when about 25% of rhizome pieces have sent up new
shoots (March or early April). -

8. Fertilize in July or August with an additional 300 pounds/acre
(336 Kg/ha) of 0-10-20 fertilizer.

9. Spray broadleaf weeds with 2,4-DB and/or bentazon (Basagran)..
herbicide as needed anytime during season.

.10. Mow any tall weeds not controlled by herbicides just above -
peanut top growth or to 6 inches (15 cm) if peanut growth is.-,
above this height.

11. Irrigate during droughts, if irrigation is available.
Irrigation is not necessary for peanut survival, if weeds are
controlled, but it does insure more rapid growth of peanut in
drought years.

12. Contact the author if you have questions or problems on
Florigraze establishment or cannot find a rhizome source.


-i








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-~~~' --^'. ^-- :*'-* ^-*.*.ssiaa^^


I.


.. -- .. i-


Winter Crops

Recent research has indicated that annual winter crops can be ,'' *
planted into short, dormant rhizoma peanut stubble in the fall of the .
-iestablishment year with little damage to the peanut. Winter crops "' .;: -",' .,-'
, ...- -. .. _- ,.. ; ....^ ^ ... "- .. -* -., r- .. ".> ... ." k 'A, .
Studied have included wheat for grain and forage, and rye, ryegrass, and
crimson and sub clovers for forage. These crops can be planted with
minimum tillage pasture seeder, a grain drill or the seed can be ..-
broadcast and ,ightly harrowed in. Care should be taken to not damage -
the rhizome system of the peanut. Plant the winter crops in November
within 36 hours after heavy rainfall has wet the soil to a foot or more
in depth. If a winter crop is not grown tor grain, graze it down close
or cut for hay in early April. Peanut should not be grazed until at
least 6 inches. (15 cm) tall in the spring following a winter crop. The
fertilization and seeding rate of winter crops should be the same-as if
grown alone.


,'


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-' .
.. ,., ..; ,







Inoculation of rhizoma peanuts with proper bacteria inoculant is


recommended as it seems to help in early peanut growth and some Florida

soils are very low in natural bacteria that will nodulate the peanut. ,..

However, most .rhizoma peanut plantings will become inoculated naturally


;xby:;soil bacteria or bacteria carried on rhizomes; before end of first

growing season. .So if.you cannot obtain inoculant,~it is better to .' -

i :-plant peanut without inoculation then wait a tulT yearor plant too' '-


late. Inoculant specific for the common peanut from any reputable '

company should be useful for inoculating rhizoma peanuts.

^ ^;- _. .\;,;.




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able 1. Growers receiving enough Florigraze peanut rhizomes to pl
demonstration planting, usually 1/2 acre or less in size.


ant a


Established
in winter
1978
1978
19/8
1978
1978
1978
1978
1978
'1977
1978


1971
1976
1978
1979
1980
1980
1980
1980
1980
1980

1980
1980
1980
1981
1981
1981
1981
1981
1981
1981


John Schmarje
-Dan Bowman
Tommy Cothron
Mitchell Keen
Joseph Grygorowicz
C. Hardy Keller
Forrest Cornnell
E. M. Ahmed
Glenn Ezell
Jack Barga

Larry Johnson
Jim Beagle
Charlie Adams
Tim Murhee
Morris Lester
Jim Brown
Rick Goff
Leon McCallum
San Souci Farms

Charles Kelly
Bill Womble
R. T. Clay
Mike Sweat
Hinton Goodwin
Paul Still
Jerry Pitts
Ray Smith
Carthell Smith
John Renaud


1981
1981
1981
1981
1981
1981
1981
1981
1981


1981
1981
1981
1981
1981
1981
1981
1981
1981
1981


Grower Name
Raymond Hodges
Jim Kilcrease
Ralph Stancil
Kanapaha Ranch
Clifton Shiver
M. A. Schack
Hugh Popenoe
Rance Andrews
Kent Doke-
W. F. Van Ness

John S. W. Davis I
Morgan McJunkin
Carl Wainwright
Glenn Herneming
Jim Huber
B. F. Gordon
Keith Free
Donald Smith
Randall Buchanan-
Bob Woodward


Liberty County
Gadsden County
Valdosta, GA
Old Town
Carryville
Perry
Perry
Williston
Perry
Homosassa


Inverness .
Inverness
Citrus County
Keystone Heights
Columbia County
Columbia County
Columbia County
Old Town
Ocala

Gainesville
Bronson
Grandin
Macclenny
Tifton, GA
Newberry
Bonifay
Bonifay
Bonifay
Chiefland
. s. ,- .,/ '"'
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Florida or other
location
Old Town
Ucala .
Ocala
Archer .'
S. Mayo ..,
Greenwood
Gainesville
Jasper
Alachua
Inverness

I Clewiston
Lake Placid
Live Oak
Williston
Bronson
Brooksville
Laurel Hill
Wausaw
Madison County
Gadsden County


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Table 1. Continued...
Established


-in winter
1981
.... --, 1981 ,
.1981
1981
1981 -
1981 .
; .: 1 8981 ,:. -


-Grower name
James Wershow
:. ',,:.-' Bernard Lewis
Myron Pierce '
-. Donald Smith
~ J---.". E. Smith
U. S. Harrison
Charles Rilev


Florida
loca
Al ,.I


Quincy
Ve; Bonifay: '
-Chipley -"
SChipley '
Chipley
Chinlev


.-.. ..' .


or other.
tion


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,


. ,: ,,. ; .- ,* ~ ,- -* .. .. ., -* -:.. -

Table 2.. .Commercial 'rhizoma growers purchasing enough Florigraze
'- rhizomes to plant 1 acre or more from Florida Foundation
SSeed Producers, Inc. from 1979 through 1981.
Established__ ____________________*


.4


Established
in winter


Grower name


,Florida or oth
location


19/9
:. 1979 9
1979
S 1979 .-
1979 .-.
1980
1980
1980
1980
1980-81


1980
1980
1980
1980
1980
-- 1980
1980
1980
1980
1980
1980


1980
1981
1981

1981

1981
1981
1981
1981
1981


Frank Tomkow*
A. C. Peace**
"'-Kent Doke**t
Morgan McJunkin**
C. T. Terry* *
Roger Pittman
Joel Sapp
SFriedrich Schroeder
Alto Straughn
S .-. W: .K. Shephard
- '--T'-Sammy: ong-& Cecil Per

Guy MostelTer
Larry Woods.
Garron Patton*-
Lester Terrel -
Schoal River Ranch*


.Steve Simmons-
Robert Pender
5-J Ranch
Dewitt Smith
Harry Smith
Marshall Bros.


Farm


Harold McGiTl*
Jim Kelley*
Henry Douglass**

Southern States
Nurseries**
Robert L. Reddish*
Owen Easters*
Luis Hechavarria
Lemuel E. Cunningham
Luther-E. Jones




-.. .* .' . .,


Tribly
Valdosta, GA
S Alachua
Lake Placid
Lake City
Citra
Sparr
Ocala
S.Gainesville
Archer
r.y* BellviTle


Ocala
Reddic
Melros
Earlto
Crestv
Green
Green
:Ocala
Coolid
Dothan
Adel,


Sumner
Gaines
Zephyr
(K. Ba

Maccle
Gaines
Lenox,
-Jackso
Crysta
Brooks


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e ..,
in : "
iew .
Cove Springs
rood ,- ..

ge, GA
, AL .


GA -
ville .
hills .
ir Ranch) .,.". :'. .'.

nny .-
ville ..
GA ,le ..* .. .. ... ; .- "?*=*.;
nville -..- .
1 River -
ville ,'.. i




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Table. 2. Continued...


Established
in winter

1981
1981
1981
1981
1981
1981
1981
1981
1981
1981
1981
1981
1981


Grower name


E. H. Updike
S -"-:;.-,:: Charles E. Peace**
William R. Ploss*
i : .':-' Curtis Womble ,
Harold Sigman
John Gavin*
Tom Thompson*
Ben Fish
Benny Joe Bennett
Bill Kinner-
Wayne Day**
Day Parrish*
Bill Schwickle*


Florida or othi
location


SOcala.
Valdosta,
.Gainesvil
Hawthorne
Bainbridg
Lake Park
Bonifay
Sanderson
Sanderson
Madison
Greenvill
Alachua
Trenton


Purchased enough rhizomes to plant 2 acres or more.

Purchased enough rhizomes to plant 5 acres or more.

This grower has indicated he plans to sell rhizomes


in winter of 1984-85.

in winter of 1984-85.


Note: All successful growers who received Florigraze planting material in
winter of 1982 or earlier should have rhizomes ready for digging in
winter of 1984-85. Florigraze rhizome systems normally are
S developed enough to dig one growing season after complete coverage
is obtained. In other words, growers wishing to dig rhizomes in
winter of 1984-85 should have had their Florigraze approaching 100%
ground cover in late fall of 1983. After rhizomes are dug,
Florigraze can normally be dug again for rhizomes in two years
without replanting. -..


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Table 3. Herbicides found in experiments to be useful
in establishing rhizoma peanuts.


Irade Name and Broad-
cast Rate/Acre (Rate/ha)
, -Commercial Product .,of
-3r '- '- ;* -


Common Name
cast Rate/Ac
Active Ingre
............. *.......'


PREPLANT .
S Balan benefin-
3-4 qt./A ..- 1.13-1.5 1
(7.0-9.4 liters/ha) '(I1.27-1.68


. .* I *


* '


7,3.- .. .
-


C,


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in controlling weeds
.. ,.-O j., --'. "
"* : "': -:." L .. ,


and Broad- 4. 0 ::. ';
re (Rate/ha) Weeds Controlled of..
dient and Remarks .' .
:.. *:.-.. ;
-------~~- --:-- I: .--- **'..ft

Annual grasses and
b ./A .also hard-to-control
kg/ha}: grasses such as!'sand-
: bur br signal grassland
S --Texas-panicum. .Good
.,control of florida
-"- p- pusley.and pigweed. .
SIncorporate into'the
soil to a depth of 2-3
inches (5-7.6 cm)
,- within 8 hours, after
;,application. :May- be
: ;:; '- ': ~'appTied-anytime with-
S in-.10,weeks prior-to '
; anl; ntin "tin n n ut'n tn.


days of planting."
.- ,. ;, ~', .... ,',-


S Treflan :
1.0-1.5 pt./A- -
,(1.2-1.75 liters/ha)


trifluralin
0.5-0.75 Tb./A
. (56-.84 ka/ha)


t .


Good control of annual
grasses and certain
broadleaf weeds. Poor


S.. ....- ~,-- ,- -: control of cocklebur,
S: sicklepod (coffeeweed)
," **~*'" "'- *mormningglory, and' ..-I"'
S.* ragweed. Incorporate
thoroughly according
S; ., to label directions 10
,: .' days to several weeks .
S' ;. '. before planting... '

SVernam 7 vernoTate Suppresses nutsedge. ,. .
S 2.3-2.9 pt./A 2.0-2.5 Tb./A Controls most annual .
(2.69-3.4 liters/ha) (2.24-2.8 kg/ha) grasses, Fla. pusley .-
S;and pigweed. JTank
mix with trifluralin .'-
I. or benefin for best ,
spectrum control.. *'
: Incorporate into the :..- ;. '-
Ssoil;to a depth'of 3 '., .
Inches (7.6 cm)'
,.immediately after ap ,. ...
plication. If pos- -"
sible,'combine .
a application and incor- .,
S;poration in the same .--
operation.

(Above herbicides must be applied 14 days and preferably longer before planting
rhizomes.) .... '


.. ..... ..


,.. .




,.-- .. : ".

i :. ~ii" ='!


~.-




*7ci:


"


1





i ,


e ? ~.-
~-
i -


I'"
:"
,; ~~~


"




~.'~ ~


, -


-~- i










Table 3. Continued.....


Trade Name and Broad- Common Name and Broa
cast Rate/Acre (Rate/ha) cast Rate/Acre (Rate
of Commercial Product of Active Ingredient

At Shoot Emergence Atter Planting and in Spring


Lasso ,.;;i
*2.j qt./A
(4.7-7.0 liters/ha)


Premerge 3
4 qt/A
(9.3 liters/ha)


alachlor
2.0-3.0 Ib./A
C2.2-3.4 kg/ha)





dinoseb
3 Ib/A
(3.4 kg/ha)


.' -;:
I C'.


'.
-.4v 7.


POSTMERGENCE


Butyrac
or
Butoxone
1 qt/A
(2.3 liters/ha)




















', L,-" ^


2,4-DB
0.50 lb./A


(.56 kg/ha)









*


-. ** 44


i-: -
' ~- t


and Remarks ,
S.. _._-. -.-. ....:..


Excellent control of '"
emerged seedling
weeds with preemerg-
* ence control of ;
annual grasses and
broadleaf weeds. Use
S high rate of alachlor
if Fla. beggarweed is"
a problem.- Apply ,
when one or more new
shoots appears on 25
to 30 percent of .-
planted hills. -
Peanuts that emerge a "
few days prior to ..
treatment maybe in-
jured but should re-
cover with little or
no reduction in final
peanut growth.

.- "~. -t '. .. 7. "


Controls many broad-
leaf weeds including
morningglory. and,
Scocklebur. ,No effect
on Florida,beggarweed .'
Apply 2 to.12: weeks :'"
after planting.'; A '' '
second application
may be made 3 ;weeks.-:
later. After peanut
establishment, can be .
used as needed except
should not.apply'more
than 1.5 Ibs./A (1.68 .'
kg/ha) 2,4-DB per?.:
annum. -..Do not 'apply'.
to drought .stressed"'
peanuts.

,; .,..,, TL- ~ .*

A;-,; '


.-r;
,t




~
i,


12.


Table 3. (continued)


-"Trade Name and Broad-
"* cast Rate/Acre (Rate/ha)
'.'nf Cnmmnrrial Product


* Common Name and Broad-
:,:cast Rate/Acre (Rate/ha)
o" f Active InnrPdient


;*v ...'*... .. .. .....i' ... .
... ,,Basagran b. bentazon
S-.75-1.5 qt/A -.75-1.5 lb.
(1I:75 to 3.5 liters/ha) (0.84 to L68

.. ; .t- _:~










(A.-tank Mnx of 2,4-DB) (0.50 Ib/A) + bentazon
spectrum of broadleaved weeds.)

Poast. .. -- :

S'Takes 2 aDDlications


First application
21 pts./A
(2.9 liters/ha)

Second application
S. pts./A- -
S (1.75--i iters/ha)

* :_ ;.. .. .
Fusilade

I pt/A (0.6. liter/ha)


S ,,*'-2 pts/A non
concentrate (2
liters/ha)

+ 2 pts/A noni
.concentrate (2
liters/ha) ,,



+ 2 pts/A noni
, oil concentrate
liters/ha)


(Will usually take more than one application
established perennial grasses.)


Weeds Controlle
S. and Remarks
" *, *-


', "' : 1 ." *' "'- ': 'l
'. '/~ i i :" .'.* *
..
., .r '


Good control of
/A cocklebur, bristly
kg/haj starbur, and yellow
_. nutsedge. Rate
"- depends on weed -.. .
--' species.and size; .
-therefore, refer to ".
-the label. Good
spray coverage,:;-s IS
essential'for control.
Do not apply to ,
peanuts which have
., .been.-subjected to
Stress. ..

(1 lb/A) is very effective on a wide


For- control of '
:. ^- -bermudagrass, johnson
-- rass and other -
perennial grasses
Annual grasses con- .
onic oil trolled with lower
.3 -rates (See label).
Apply before perennial '.
grass is well established
onic oil
.3 .:., ..... *.'. .. .. .'.".. .. '
.3.
a 6



onic For control oft bermuda- ,.,
e (2.3. grass, johnsongrass and
other annual and perennial .. '
,:' grasses. Apply.before ..

established.

of Poast or Fusilade to kill well... ".
S - .. ..
a"-a .
'a a'.


Note: Always read herbicide label carefully


before applying.


. .


as'
-r r


. :

.-.? N_




d


, .


F


''

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