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Group Title: Agronomy research report ;, AG 78-7
Title: Statewide uniform tests with grain sorghums, silage sorghums, annual summer grasses (sorghum x sudangrasses and pearlmillets) and sweet sorghums (sorgos)
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00056069/00001
 Material Information
Title: Statewide uniform tests with grain sorghums, silage sorghums, annual summer grasses (sorghum x sudangrasses and pearlmillets) and sweet sorghums (sorgos)
Series Title: Agronomy research report
Physical Description: 1 v. (unpaged) : ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Green, Victor E
University of Florida -- Agronomy Dept
Publisher: Agronomy Department, IFAS, University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville Fla
Publication Date: [1978?]
 Subjects
Subject: Sorghum -- Field experiments -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Sudan grass -- Field experiments -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Pearl millet -- Field experiments -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: non-fiction   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Statement of Responsibility: by Victor E. Green, Jr. ... et al..
General Note: "February 1978."
General Note: "These tests were conducted under state project FLA-AY-01590 at the Main Station, Gainesville and at the ARECS and ARC at Jay, Marianna, Live Oak, Ona, Immokalee, and Belle Glade, with some tests on cooperating farms and ranches."
General Note: Chiefly tables.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00056069
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 62523084

Table of Contents
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    List of Tables
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    Preface
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    Tables
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Full Text





HISTORIC NOTE


The publications in this collection do
not reflect current scientific knowledge
or recommendations. These texts
represent the historic publishing
record of the Institute for Food and
Agricultural Sciences and should be
used only to trace the historic work of
the Institute and its staff. Current IFAS
research may be found on the
Electronic Data Information Source
(EDIS)

site maintained by the Florida
Cooperative Extension Service.






Copyright 2005, Board of Trustees, University
of Florida









AGRONOMY DEPARTMENT
IFAS
University of Florida
Gainesville, florida 32611



February 1972? Agronomy Research Report AG 784- *,*








.. TEWIDE UNIFORM TESTS WITH GRAIN SORGHUMS, SILAGE SORGHUMS, ANNUAL SUMMER
;ASSES(SORGHUM X SUDANGRASSES AND PEARLMILLETS) AND SWEET SORGHUMS SORGOSS)

BY

Victor E. Green, Jr.
D.W. Gorbet
SL.S. Dunavin, Jr.
H.A. Peacock
J.T. Johnson
R.S. Kalmbacher
C.G. Chambliss
R.J. Allen, Jr.
G.M. Prine
o' A.M. Akhanda /
B.R. Tyree h
P.H. Everett S -I





5 These tests were conducted under state Project FLA-AY-01590 at the Main Station,
Gainesville and at the ARECS and ARC at Jay, Marianna, Live Oak, Ona, Immokalee,
Sand Belle Glade, with some tests on cooperating farms and ranches.




When brand names are used:no discrimination nor endorsement is intended.

The data herein are for reference purposes only and do not constitute recomm-
endations for planting from the University of Florida or from its Agricultural
Experiment Stations.







AGRONOMY DEPARTMENT
IFAS
University of Florida
Gainesville, florida 32611



February 1971 Agronomy Research Report AG 78-7 *.*








STATEWIDE UNIFORM TESTS WITH GRAIN SORGHUMS, SILAGE SORGHUMS, ANNUAL SUMMER
GRASSES(SORGHUM X SUDANGRASSES AND PEARLMILLETS) AND SWEET SORGHUMS SORGOSS)

BY

Victor E. Green, Jr.
D.W. Gorbet
L.S. Dunavin, Jr.
H.A. Peacock
J.T. Johnson
R.S. Kalmbacher
C.G. Chambliss
R.J. Allen, Jr.
G.M. Prine
A.M. Akhanda
B.R. Tyree
P.H. Everett





These tests were conducted under state Project FLA-AY-01590 at the Main Station,
Gainesville and at the ARECS and ARC at Jay, Marianna, Live Oak, Ona, Immokalee,
and Belle Glade, with some tests on cooperating farms and ranches.




When brand names are used:no discrimination nor endorsement is intended.

The data herein are for reference purposes only and do not constitute recomm-
endations for planting from the University of Florida or from its Agricultural
Experiment Stations.







LIST OF TABLES


TABLE i RAINFALL IN INCHES BY MONTH AT LOCATIONS WHERE
SORTHUM AND MILLET TESTS WERE CONDUCTED IN 1977

TABLE ii CLIMATOLOGICAL DATA FOR GAINESVILLE

TABLE iii RAINFALL DISTRIBUTION AT THE AGRONOMY FARM

TABLE 1 LIST OF SORGHUM AND PEARLMILLET COOPERATORS


GRAIN SORGHUM

TABLE 2 AVERAGE YIELDS OF GRAIN SORGHUM AT FOUR LOCATIONS
IN NORTH FLORIDA, (GAINESVILLE, MARIANNA, LIVE OAK
AND JAY), 1977.

TABLE 3 AVERAGE YIELDS OF GRAIN SORGHUM AT THREE LOCATIONS
IN SOUTH FLORIDA (ONA, HOMESTEAD, AND IMMOKALEE),
1977.

TABLE 4 STATEWIDE GRAIN SORGHUM CULTIVAR TRIAL 1973-1977
4 and 5 YEAR AVERAGE YIELD ARC, JAY, FLORIDA.

TABLE 5 STATEWIDE GRAIN SORGHUM CULTIVAR TRIAL 1975-1977
2 AND 3 YEAR AVERAGE YIELDS ARC, JAY, FLORIDA.

TABLE 6 STATEWIDE GRAIN SORGHUM CULTIVAR TRIAL 1977 -
ARC, JAY, FLORIDA.

TABLE 7 GRAIN SORGHUM CULTIVAR TRIAL 1977 ARC, JAY, FLORIDA

TABLE 8 YIELD OF GRAIN SORGHUM VARIETY TRIALS, 1975-77,
MARIANNA, FLORIDA.

TABLE 9 RESULTS OF 1977 EARLY PLANTING OF GRAIN SORGHUM
PERFORMANCE TRIALS, MARIANNA.

TABLE 12 AVERAGE YIELDS OF GRAIN SORGHUM HYBRIDS GROWN AT
THE ARC LIVE OAK IN 1977 AND 2 YEAR AVERAGES FOR
HYBRIDS GROWN IN 1976 AND 1977.

TABLE 13 AVERAGE YIELDS OF GRAIN SORGHUM HYBRIDS AT THE MAIN
STATION, GAINESVILLE, 1972-1977.

TABLE 14 SOME AGRONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS OF 52 GRAIN SORGHUM
HYBRIDS GROWN ON ARREDONDO FINE SAND UNDER IRRIGATION
AT GAINESVILLE, FLORIDA, 1977.

TABLE 15 AGRO-INDUSTRIAL TRAITS OF 52 GRAIN SORGHUM HYBRIDS
GROWN ON ARREDONDO FINE SAND UNDER IRRIGATION AT
GAINESVILLE, 1977.






LIST OF TABLES CONTINUED


TABLE 16 THE IN-VITRO ORGANIC MATTER DIGESTIBILITY OF GRAIN
SORGHUM HYBRIDS AS INFLUENCED BY PERICARP COLOR,
ENDOSPERM COLOR, AND BIRD RESISTANCE AT GAINESVILLE,
FLORIDA, 1972-1976.

TABLE 17 IN-VITRO ORGANIC MATTER DIGESTIBILITY (IVOMD) OF
14 BIRD RESISTANT (BR) GRAIN SORGHUM HYBRIDS GROWN
AT THE UF DAIRY RESEARCH UNIT NEAR HAGUE, FL, 1976.

TABLE 18 IN-VITRO ORGANIC MATTER DIGESTIBILITY (IVOMD) OF 37
NON-BIRD-RESISTANT (NBR) GRAIN SORGHUM HYBRIDS GROWN
AT THE UF DAIRY RESEARCH UNIT NEAR HAGUE, FL, 1976.

TABLE 19 EFFECT OF CULTIVARS, ROW SPACING AND PLANT POPULATION
ON THE SEED YIELD AND OTHER AGRONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS
OF SORGHUM PLANTED AT GAINESVILLE, FL, 1977.

TABLE 20 AVERAGE GRAIN YIELDS (DRY IN LBS/ACRE) OF GRAIN SORGHUM
HYBRIDS GROWN AT ONA ARC IN THE YEARS 1973-1977.

TABLE 21 AGRONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS OF GRAIN SORGHUM HYBRIDS
GROWN AT THE ONA ARC, 1977.

TABLE 22 GRAIN YIELDS (DRY IN LBS/ACRE) OF GRAIN SORGHUM HYBRIDS
GROWN AT THE ONA ARC, 1977.

TABLE 23 AGRONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS OF GRAIN SORGHUM HYBRIDS
GROWN AT THE IMMOKALEE ARC, 1977.

TABLE 24 GRAIN YIELDS (DRY IN LBS/ACRE) OF GRAIN SORGHUM
HYBRIDS GROWN AT THE IMMOKALEE ARC, 1977.

TABLE 25 GRAIN YIELDS (DRY IN LBS/ACRE) OF GRAIN SORGHUM HYBRIDS
GROWN AT DADE COUNTY, FL, 1977.
SILAGE SORGHUM

TABLE 26 AVERAGE DRY MATTER YIELDS OF SORGHUM HYBRIDS GROWN
FOR SILAGE AT SEVERAL LOCATIONS IN THE FLORIDA
STATEWIDE SORGHUM AND MILLET TRIALS IN 1977.

TABLE 27 FORAGE SORGHUM SILAGE VARIETY TRIAL FIRST HARVEST,
ARC, JAY, FLORIDA.

TABLE 28 FORAGE SORGHUM SILAGE VARIETY TRIAL SECOND HARVEST,
ARC, JAY, FLORIDA

TABLE 29 AVERAGE YIELDS OF SILAGE SORGHUM HYBRIDS, GAINESVILLE,
1975-1977.






LIST OF TABLE CONTINUED


TABLE 30 THE AGRONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS OF 18 SORGHUM HYBRIDS
GROWN AS FOR SILAGE PRODUCTION AT THE AGRONOMY FARM,
GAINESVILLE, FL 1976.

TABLE 31 AGRONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS OF 18 SORGHUM HYBRIDS GROWN
FOR SILAGE AT GAINESVILLE, FL 1977. FIRST HARVEST

TABLE 32 AGRONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS OF 18 SILAGE SORGHUM HYBRIDS.
RATOON CROP, GAINESVILLE, FL 1977.

TABLE 33 DRY MATTER YIELDS (T/A) OF FORAGE SORGHUM HYBRIDS
TESTED AT THE ONA, ARC, 1973-1977.

TABLE 34 AGRONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS OF FORAGE SORGHUMS GROWN
AT THE ONA ARC, 1977.

TABLE 35 DRY MATTER YIELD (T/A) OF FORAGE SORGHUM HYBRIDS TESTED
AT THE ONA ARC, 1977.

TABLE 36 AGRONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS OF FORAGE SORGHUMS GROWN AT
THE IMMOKALEE ARC, 1977.

TABLE 37 DRY MATTER YIELD (T/A) OF FORAGE SORGHUM TESTED AT
THE IMMOKALEE ARC, 1977.

TABLE 38 1977 FORAGE SORGHUM VARIETY TRIAL RANKED ACCORDING
TO DRY WT. YIELDS OF 3 REPLICATIONS ON PREPARED
SEED-BED.

SORGHUM X SUDANGRASS CROSSES AND PEARLMILLET

TABLE 39 AVERAGE YIELDS OF PEARLMILLET FOR FORAGE IN DRY
MATTER PER ACRE IN THE FLORIDA STATEWIDE SORGHUM
AND MILLET TESTS AT FOUR LOCATIONS IN 1977.

TABLE 40 AVERAGE DRY MATTER PRODUCTION OF SUMMER ANNUAL GRASSES,
AND AVERAGE TOTAL DRY MATTER PRODUCTION OF SORGHUM
VARIETIES, ARC, JAY, FLORIDA.

TABLE 41 HEIGHT OF SUMMER ANNUAL GRASSES AT HARVEST, ARC,
JAY, FLORIDA.

TABLE 42 DISEASE OF SUMMER ANNUAL GRASSES AT HARVEST, ARC,
JAY, FLORIDA.

TABLE 43 MATURITY OF SUMMER ANNUAL GRASSES AT HARVEST, ARC,
JAY, FLORIDA.

TABLE 44 DRY MATTER YIELD OF SUMMER ANNUAL GRASSES, ARC,
JAY, FLORIDA.

TABLE 45 IN-VITRO DIGESTIBILITY OF THE ORGANIC MATTER IN 29
PEARLMILLETS AND SORGHUM X SUDANGRASS HYBRIDS GROWN
AT GAINESVILLE, FLORIDA IN THE SUMMER OF 1976.






LIST OF TABLES CONTINUED


TABLE 46 AVERAGE DRY MATTER YIELDS OF PEARLMILLET HYBRIDS IN
THE GAINESVILLE, FL AREA, 1971-1977.

TABLE 47 AVERAGE DRY MATTER YIELDS OF SORGHUM X SUDANGRASS
HYBRIDS IN THE GAINESVILLE, FL AREA, 1971-1977.

TABLE 48 PLANT HEIGHT, INCHES OF PEARLMILLETS AND SORGHUM X
SUDANGRASS HYBRIDS IN 1977 AT GAINESVILLE AGRONOMY
FARM.

TABLE 49 FRESH WEIGHT PRODUCTION OF PEARLMILLETS AND SORGHUM
X SUDANGRASS HYBRIDS IN 1977 AT GAINESVILLE AGRONOMY
FARM.

TABLE 50 DRY WEIGHT PRODUCTION OF PEALMILLETS AND SORGHUM X
SUDANGRASS HYBRIDS IN 1977 AT GAINESVILLE AGRONOMY
FARM.

TABLE 51 DRY WEIGHT PERCENTAGE OF PEARLMILLETS AND SORGHUM
X SUDANGRASS HYBRIDS IN 1977 AT GAINESVILLE AGRONOMY
FARM.

TABLE 52 AGRONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS OF PEARLMILLETS AND SORGHUM
X SUDANGRASS HYBRIDS IN 1977 AT GAINESVILLE AGRONOMY
FARM.

TABLE 53 AGRONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS OF PEARLMILLETS AND SORGHUM
X SUDANGRASS HYBRIDS IN 1977 AT GAINESVILLE AGRONOMY
FARM.

TABLE 54 AGRONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS OF PEARLMILLETS AND SORGHUM
X SUDANGRASS HYBRIDS IN 1977 AT GAINESVILLE AGRONOMY
FARM.

TABLE 55 AGRONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS OF PEARLMILLETS AND SORGHUM
X SUDANGRASS HYBRIDS IN 1977 AT GAINESVILLE AGRONOMY
FARM.

TABLE 56 AGRONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS OF PEARLMILLETS AND SORGHUM
X SUDANGRASS HYBRIDS IN 1977 AT GAINESVILLE AGRONOMY
FARM.

TABLE 57 DRY MATTER YIELDS, PERCENTAGE IVOMD, AND DIGESTIBLE
DRY FORAGE PER ACRE AT THE AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH
CENTERS AT ONA AND IMMOKALEE, FLORIDA IN 1976.

TABLE 58 PERCENT IVOMD ON A DRY MATTER BASIS OF SORGHUM X
SUDANGRASS HYBRIDS GROWN AT THE ARC, ONA IN 1976.

TABLE 59 IN VITRO ORGANIC MATTER DIGESTIBILITY (IVOMD) OF SORGHUM
X SUDANGRASS HYBRIDS GROWN AT THE ARC, IMMOKALEE IN 1976.







LIST OF TABLES CONTINUED


TABLE 60


TABLE 61


TABLE 62


TABLE 63


TABLE 64


TABLE 65


TABLE 66


TABLE 67


TABLE 68


SWEET SORGHUMS

TABLE 69

TABLE 70


TABLE 71


AVERAGE DRY MATTER YIELDS OF SORGHUM X SUDANGRASS HYBRIDS
GROWN AT THE ONA ARC, 1973-77.

AGRONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS OF PEARLMILLET HYBRIDS GROWN
AT ONA ARC, 1977.

DRY MATTER YIELD IN TONS/ACRE OF PEARLMILLET HYBRIDS
GROWN AT THE ONA ARC, 1977.

AGRONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS OF SORGHUM X SUDANGRASS HYBRIDS
GROWN AT THE ONA ARC, 1977.

DRY MATTER YIELD IN TONS/ACRE OF SORGHUM X SUDANGRASS
GROWN AT THE ONA, ARC, 1977.

AGRONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS OF PEARLMILLET HYBRIDS GROWN
AT IMMOKALEE ARC, 1977.

DRY MATTER YIELD IN TONS/ACRE OF PEARLMILLET HYBRIDS
GROWN AT THE IMMOKALEE ARC, 1977.

AGRONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS OF SORGHUM X SUDANGRASS
HYBRIDS GROWN AT IMMOKALEE ARC, 1977.

DRY MATTER YIELD IN TONS/ACRE OF SORGHUM X SUDANGRASS
GROWN AT IMMOKALEE ARC, 1977.



SWEET SORGHUM SIRUP VARIETY TEST, AREC, QUINCY, 1977.

AGRONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS OF SWEET SORGHUM HYBRIDS
GROWN AT ONA ARC, 1976 and 1977.

DRY MATTER YIELD IN TONS/ACRE OF SWEET SORGHUM HYBRIDS
AT THE ONA ARC, 1976 and 1977.





1977 variety Tests with Sorghums for Grain, Silage, and Other Uses and Millets

Tests were grown at Jay, Marianna, Live Oak, Gainesville, Ona, and Belle
Glade in 1977, the dryest year since these tests were initiated. Observational
tests were grown at Homestead and ratoon crops were grown at several locations
with varying degrees of success. Irrigation water was available and was used at
most locations, without which the tests in 1977 would have been complete failures.

Of the 94 sorghum and pearlmillet hybrids, only one, GAHI-3, was the prod-
uct of state and federal experiment station, except for possibly originating in-
breds that the proprietary sources might have used in formulating hybrids 'that
were tested in 1977. D.G. Hanway, Agronomist at the University of Nebraska, in
a manuscript on a source of variety survey reported to cooperating agronomy de-
partment heads on 7 December 1977 that in 26 states reporting private companies
bred 82% and agricultural experiment stations bred only 18% of the sorghum hyb-
rids in use in those states. This represents literally millions of dollars of
research and development being supplied by the private sector, thereby saving
that number of taxpayer dollars that would otherwise have had to been appropri-
ated by state legislatures or supplied by the USDA from federal funds. Neverthe-
less, 1978 is the last year the proprietary hybrids will be tested in Florida
without grants in aid from the private sources.

The International Sorghum Anthracnose Virulence Nursery (ISAVN) was grown
at Gainesville in cooperation with Dr. Natale Zummo, Research Plant Pathologist,
Sugar Crops Field Station, ARS-USDA, Route 10, Box 152, Meridian, MS 39301. An
attempt is being made to ascertain whether there are definite races of anthrac-
nose on southern US sorghum. Late arrival of seed necessitated planting on May
25, 1977. The fungus genus Colletotricum is the cause of sorghum anthracnose
as well as red rot of sugarcane. Dr. Zummo rated the 13 lines in September
when the lines were near maturity, having grown under very drought conditions.

Detailed results of the 1976 sorghum and millet data were made available
in Agronomy Research Report AG 77-5, Agronomy Department, IFAS, University of
Florida, Gainesville, February 1977, as well as the following articles in the
Sorghum Newsletter, a publication of the Sorghum Improvement Conference of
North America:

Allen, R.J. Jr. (Belle Glade) 1977. 1976 forage yield trials at Belle
Glade for forage, sirup, and sugar varieties. pp. 91-92.

Green, Victor E., Jr. (Gainesville) 1977. In-vitro digestibilities of
Florida-grown BR and NBR Sorghum grain. pp. 92-93.

Green, Victor E., Jr. (Gainesville) 1977. Quality and quantity consider-
ations in producing sorghum hybrids for silage. pp. 93-94.

Green, Victor E. Jr. and Megh Singh. (Gainesville) 1977. In-vitro organic
matter digestibility of Florida-grown summer annual grasses. p. 95.

Kalmbacher, R.S. (Ona), P.H. Everett (Immokalee), and V.E. Green, Jr. (Gaines-
ville) 1977. Sorghum x sudangrass hybrid forage production in south-
central Florida. 96.

Chau, Khe V. and V.E. Green, Jr. (Gainesville) 1977. Solar drying of
grain sorghum---Preliminary observations in Florida, 1976. p. 97.

Overman, A.J. (Bradenton), R.S. Kalmbacher (Ona), P.H. Everett (Immokalee),
and V.E. Green, Jr. (Gainesville) 1977. Nematode numbers and types in a
south-central Florida grain sorghum experiment, pp. 97-98.

Gorbet, D.W. (Harianna) 1977. Anthracnose evaluations of grain sorghum in
north Florida. pp. 98-99.








1977 sorghum, sudangrass, sorgo, and pearlmillet testing in Florida, continued


Sweet sorghum (sorgo) tests were conducted at Quincy by the USDA and at
the ARC-Ona by state personnel. These hybrids were grown primarily for use
in making sorghum syrup. Tests scheduled for Belle Glade on those hybrids
for use in making sugar did not materialize, but will be conducted in 1978.

Details of the tests are shown in research reports prepared for farmers
in the Quincy, Jay, and Ona/Immokalee areas as follows:

Anonymous. Sweet sorghum sirup variety test, (North Florida) Research and
Extension Center (sic) Quincy, Florida 1977. Undated, 3 pp.

Jay, ARC Research Report WF 77-4. Variety trials of summer annual grasses,
forage sorghums for silage, corn for silage, sunflower, and grain sorghum.
L.S. Dunavin and H.A. Peacock. December 1977. 18 pp.

Agricultural Research Center, Ona Research Report RC-1978-:
1. Evaluation of sorghum x sudangrass, pearlmillet and sweet sorghum hybrids
for forage production at Ona and Immokalee: 1977. R.S. Kalmbacher, P.H. Everett,
and V.E. Green. Jan 1978. 16 pp.

2. Evaluation of commercial forage sorghum hybrids at ARC, Ona and Immokalee
1977. R.S. Kalmbacher, P.H. Everett, and V.E. Green, Jr. Jan 1978. 8 pp.

3. Evaluation of commercial grain sorghum hybrids at Ona, Immokalee, and
Dade County, 1977. R.S. Kalmbacher, P.H. Everett, C. Chambliss, and V.E. Green,
Jr. Jan 1978. 9 pp.


Both personnel and policy changes will be made in the Florida Statewide
Sorghum Testing Program beginning with the 1978 planting season. Dr. V.E.
Green, Jr. was coordinator of the tests from 1971-1977. Since he is going
on sabbatical leave in 1978 to study the USA sunflower industry prior to
devoting fulltime to research on that 6ilcrop, he will be replaced by a
new coordinator: Dr. David L. Wright, IFAS-AREC, P.O. Box 470, Quincy, FL
32351. His office telephone number is: AC 904, 627-9236. Dr. Wright will
inherit the 1978 seed stocks, accession sheets and record books, as well as
the voluminous correspondence generated since 1971 with the cooperating seed
companies. Dr. Green will continue to be active in sorghum only through'the
publication of the 1977 data in this Agronomy Research Report. 1978 seed will
distributed by Dr. Wright. If seed companies have already shipped seed to
Dr. Green, these will be forwarded to Dr. Wright as soon as practical.

Policy changes for 1979 might include charging a reasonable fee to
the seed companies for testing their hybrids. This fee will probable not exceed
25-50 dollars per hybrid In the statewide tests. It is regrettable that appro-
priations from state sources are not sufficient to cover this very important
phase of the agronomic research program in Florida.


V.E. GREEN, JR.
Coordinator








Table i.

Rainfall in inches by month at locations where sorghum and millet tests
were conducted in 1977.


Month .Gaines-
ville

JANUARY 3.35

FEBRUARY 4.16

MARCH 1.22

APRIL 0.83

MAY 0.46

JUNE 2.26

JULY 1.44

AUGUST 7.10

SEPTEMBER 5.72

OCTOBER 0.13

NOVEMBER 1.95

DECEMBER 4.94


YEAR TOTAL,IN. 33.56


L


I


. Live .Mari-
Oak anna
Rainfall in
3.82 3.47

3.66 1.81

2.74 6.52

1.00 0.88

2.37 0.60

4.03 6.36

4.67 3.55

10.21 5.22

4.13 9.83

1.14 2.59

1.56 8.14

7.08 4.19


46.41 53.16


The rainfall data were furnished by: Gainesville: John Swearingen, Lou Phillips,
and Dr. G.M. Prine; Live Oak: Dr. David Hammel; Marianna: Dr. Dan Gorbet; Ona:
Dr. Charles Dantzman; Belle Glade: O,Neil Akers; Homestead: Dr. Paul Orth; and
Jay: Dr. Leonard Dunavin.


V.E. Green, Jr.


Home-


LOCATION


inches



















1





5


I ay


Ona Belle
Gl ade
per month
1.79 5.26

1.34 0.76

1.17 0.30

0.28 0.53

3.73 7.90

4.42 1.53

0.83 4.19

1.38 6.47

9.65 11.22

0.76 0.66

2.83 4.16

2.90 3.56


1.08 46.54


. Home-
stead

1.38

1.59

0.74

1.02

16.17

6.84

6.71

11.95

10.70

1.58

2.98

1.66


63.32


5.43

1.77

9.13

2.55

1.69

1.91

8.84

7.10

6.95

3.89

5.25

3.74


58.25


1











Table i Climatological data for Gainesville, FL (monthly average for 1976 and 1977).


1976 1977
Temperature OF Rainfall, Pan Evap., Temperature *F Rainfall, Pan Evap.,
Month Max. Min. (Inches) (Inches) Max. Min. (Inches) (Inches)


67.9

75.4

81.2

82.2

84.9

88.1

92.5

91.1

88.8

80.4

70.9

67.6


39.3

46.8

54.9

55.4

63.2

67.9

71.1

71.0

68.2

55.5

45.4

44.9


1.20


1.49

1.46

3.19

6.38

11.37

4.59

2.84

5.36

2.21

2.78

4.97


2.66

4.18

5.48

6.47

6.05

5.81

7.02

6.04

5.00

4.94

2.81

2.05


60.4

68.4

80.8

83.2

89.5

95.7

95.1

92.1

91.1

81.6

77.5

68.6


36.2

40.5

56.7

55.4

62.6

)70.5

71.9

73.0

71.9

56.5

55.1

45.4


3.35

4.16

1.22

0.83

0.46

2.26

1.44

7.10

5.72

0.13

1.95

4.94


2.74

4.23

5.92

7.41

8.30

9.35

8.13

6.05

5.51

4.77

3.31

2.24


ABDUL AKHANDA


Jan.

Feb.

Mar.

Apr.

May

Jun.

Jul.

Aug.

Sep.

Oct.

Nov.

Dec.


-a'





Table iii. Rainfall distribution at the Agronomy Farm, University of Florida Campus, Gaines-
ville, FL. 1977. Data courtesy of Dr. G.M. Prine, Professor (Agronomist), IFAS/UF.



S Rainfall in'ilches and hundredths
)ay of Month/Month JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCTJ NOVI DEC


1
2
3
4


6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24

25_
-------
26
27
28
29
30
31


.34.





.35
.50



SNOW


.22


.70
1.52


- -I- _3


.13





1.30


.22


.07
.10
.51


.06
.077
.51
.14


.27 .13
.07 .69
.67
.04


.11
.04
.03 1.62


.12
.10
.56
.52
1.55
.20
.60
.03
.04
.11


.04


3;08
.28
.24


.02
1.01





.24
.13
.07


.01


__________ 4 1 ~ -4-.--- -'. 4- 4 -


Tota l


.35


4.16 1.22


0.831 0.46


2.26


1.44


7.10


5.72


0.13


.93


3.7






.44


1.95


.25
.06











.01





.45


.41


.69



.11




. 1 24
1.24






S.51
.09


4.94


I Lumulative 3.35 .51 8.73 19.5bi 0.02 12.28 13.72 7 .82 6.54 6.67 28.62 33.56


V.E. GREEN, JR.


iObservations recorded by Mr. John Swearingerr, Laboratory Technologist and Mr. Lou:Phillips,
Agricultural Technician, Agronomy Department, IFAS, UF, Gainesville, FL 32611.


I---


S.-43_








Table 1.


LIST OF SORGHUM AND PEARLMILLET COOPERATORS

1. ACCO Seed, P.O. Box 1630, Planview, TX 79072.

2. Asgrow Seed, P.O. Box 2012, Des Moines, IA 50310.

3. Bingham Seed Company, 2940 45th Street, P.O. Box 1166, Jacksonville, FL 32201

4. DeKalb Agresearch Inc., Route 2, Lubbock, TX 79415.

***5. F.M.C., 6065 Roswell Road Norhteast, Atlanta, GA 30328.

6. George Warner Seed, 120 South Lawton, P.O. Box 1448, Hereford, TX 79045.

7. Growers Seed, P.O. Box 1656, Lubbock, TX 79408

8. Funks, P.O. box 1867, Plainview, TX 79072,

9. Frontier, P.O. Box 42, Hutchinson, KS 67501.

10. McNair, P.O. Box 706, Laurinburg, NC 28352.

11. McCurdy, Fremont, IA 52561.

12. North American, Plant Breeders, P.O. Box 568, Hutchinson, KS 67501.

13. Pennington, P.O. Box 290, Madison, GA 30650.

T4. Pioneer, 221 No. Main Street, Tipton, IN 46072.

15. Ring Around, P.O. Box 1629, Plainview, TX 79072.

16. Taylor-Evans, P.O. Box 68, Tulia, TX 79088.

17. Haile-Dean, 1333 W. Church Street, P.O. box 5517, Orlando, FL 32803.



***FMC Corporation has sold the sorghum seed business to:

18. R. C. Young Co.. 624 27th Street, Lubbock, TX 79404

19. Sawan Seeds, P.O. Box 151, Columbus, MI 39701 is NK Distri-butor east of
the Mississippi River.



V.E. GREEN, JR.
Coordinator





























STATEWIDE SORGHUM AND PEARLMILLET TESTS

GRAIN SORGHUM




TABLE 2. Average yields of grain sorghum at four locations in north Florida, (Gainesville,
Marianna, Live Oak, and Jay), 1977.


BRAND HYBRID YIELDS, POUNDS PER ACRE AVERAGE
Gaines- Mari- Live Jay
ville anna Oak


,\ ., n


U3.

049

059

061

074

082

086

100

108

113

118

123

125

130

133

157

158

162

163

166

167

169

170

171

172

173


DeKalb

Funks

Funks

ACCO

Young (Surgro) (FMC)

ACCO

Ring Around (XL)

Young (Surgro) (FMC)

DeKalb

Young (Surgto) .FMC)

NK

McCurdy

Ring Around (XL)

Funks

Young (Surgro) (FMC)

TE (Golden Acres)

TE (Golden Acres)

Pioneer

Young (Surgro) (FMC)

McCurdy

McCurdy

TE (Golden Acres)

TE (Golden Acres)

DeKalb

DeKalb

DeKalb


L/6-RB 2 0I4 0i -60 1 60


BR-79

G-522

1029A

Oro

R1090

RA Bird Go 61

Oro-T

E59+

Early Oro

Savanna 3

Birds-off 81

RA 808GB

G-516BR

Oro-Y

Hondo

Bird-a-boo 2

B-815 BR

Oro-DR

Birds-off 91

M51 YG

Y-10I-R

Total-R

F-67

BR 65+

D-60


3730

3210

3320

3060

3100

2300

3700

3300

3060

3450

3450

2480

3660

3280

3110

2750

2820

1720

2200

2670

2160

1940

2330

2210

2430


4880

4630

5040

4500

4680

4200

4650

5260

3880

4200

4200

5350

4790

4000

4530

4530

5100

4110

4310

4830

5020

5300

4950

4930

5520


3670

3300

4160

4520

2450

4450

4030

4700

3410

3660

3210

5240

2290

2540

3710

3410

5130

3410

4490

4820

4780

4720

5280

4940

4770


4360

3840

4320

3630

4270

4100

4570

4270

3630

3680

4060

4440

4570

3630

2690

3930

4400

3120

3760

3540

3720

4740

3670

3290

2900


8


4110

S4160

3750

t \ 4210

3930

3630

3760

N 1 4240

4 \ 4380

3500

3750

3730

M 4380

3830

3360

3510

3650

N\ 4360

3090

3690

3970

3920

\ 4180

4 \ 4060

3840

3910




IMDLL L cont (grain sorgnum tour locations, north Fla., I1//)


BRAND


174 Pioneer

175 Asgrow

176 Funks

177 Funks

179 Funks

180 Funks

181 Growers

183 Growers

184 Ring Around (XL)

185 ACCO

186 ACCO

191 Funks

192 Funks

193 Funks

194 Funks

195 NK

196 NK

S197 NK

198 Pioneer

i199 Pioneer

200 Pioneer

201 ACCO

,202 Growers

203 Growers

204 DeKalb

205 DeKalb

206 Ring Around (XL)

207 Funks


HYBRID Gaines- Mari- Live Jay
ville anna Oak

8311 3250 5120 3370 4440

Bug off ---- 4130 ----

G-722DR 1420 4990 3230 3680

G-399 2090 3220 1820 2950

G-589 3540 4260 4670 3550

G-622GBR ---- ---- 3330

ML-135 3440 5190 3090 3890

GSA 1334BR 3520 4690 2560 4780

RA 811GB 2240 4830 5100 4520

BR Y-93 (X-8418) 3480 5060 2280 4320

D-2912 3370 4950 5260 3590

G-623GBR 3320 4650 4170 3500

G-662 2840 4820 2820 4910

G-642GBR 2420 4070 4160 3680

HW4060 3400 ---- 4660

NK2778 2990 5060 5200 3970

NK2779 3460 4330 4720 3330

Savanna 5(X-3101A)2960 5560 4740 4260.

8225 2390 4680 4490 3630

8272 1870 4220 3310 3630

8454 2820 4330 2060 4400

DR1085 2820 3620 3090 3370

Exp-73022 850 4990 4650 3930

Exp-75005 3820 4420 4030 3920

D-46 3020 4320 3460 4060

D-55 2290 4730 3720 3030

RA 747 2610 4480 3620 3120

HW 2163
(G-522DR) 1270 5380 3670 3120


AVERAGE


3360


S\ 4050

\ 4130

3330

2520

) 4010

3330

3880,r

3890

I \4170

3790

\4300

3 91M

3850

3580

t \ 4030

t \ 4300

3960

4380

3800

3260

3400

3230'

3600

\4050

3720

3440

3460






TABLE: 2 cont. (grain sorghum four locations, north Fla.,


BRAND HYBRID Gaines- Mari- Live Jay AVERAGE
ville anna Oak

208 Asgrow Bug off M ---- 4600 ---- ---- 4600

209 Asgrow Bug off E ---- 4000 ---- ---- 4000

159 Asgrow Capitan ---- ---- ---- 3330 3330

210 Funks HW 1760 ---- ---- ---- 3840 3840


Locations Average Yield


2810 4640 3920 3860


V.E. GREEN, JR.


1977)





TABLE 3 Average yields of grain sorghum at
Homestead, and Immokalee), 1977.


three locations in south Florida (Ona,


BRAND HYBRID YIELDS, POUNDS/ACRE AVERAGE
Ona Homestead Immokalee


001

039

049

059

061

074

082

086

100

108

113

118

123

125

130

133

S157

158

163

166

167

169

170

171

S172

173


DeKalb

DeKalb

Funks

Funks

ACCO

Young (Surgro) (FMC

ACCO

Ring Around (XL)

Young (Surgro) (FMC

DeKalb

Young (Surgro) (FMC

NK

McCurdy

Ring Around (XL)

Funks

Young (Surgro) (FMC

TE (Golden Acres)

TE (Golden Acres)

Young (Surgro) (FMC

McCurdy

McCurdy

TE (Golden Acres)

TE (Golden Acres)

DeKalb

DeKalb

DeKalb


1330

2560 ---


E-57

BR-64

34 BR-79

s G-522

1029A

) Oro

SR1090

-SRA Bird Go 68

) Oro-T

E59+

) Early Oro

Savanna 3

Birds-off 81

RA 808GB

S G-516BR

) Oro-Y

S Hondo

Bird-a-boo 2

) Oro-DR

S Birds-off 91

M51 YG

S" Y-101-R

O Total-R

F-67

BR 65+

D-60


5910

5660

4880

5230

3650

5860

4770

5590

5310

4800



3230



5330

4360

4570

4860

4780

5160

4280

5190

4400

4050

4440

6220


3010



3320





3270

2430



4020





3140



4270


1330

4240

N 5660

' 4880

4120

2760

s 4590

1 4770

3530

3620

3240

2280

3630



\ 5330

3220

\ 4570

\ 4570

3450

S5160

3140

\5190

4400

3090

4050

4070


1870





1460

2270

2480

2280


2170





2110



1990





2120



1630


3660

4340






TABLE 3 cont., grain sorghum yields, south Florida....


BRAND HYBRID YIELDS POUNDS PER ACRE AVERAGE
Ona Homestead Immokalee


176

179

S 181

183

185

> 186

191

192

193

195

196

197

198

199

201

202

204

205

207

091

122


Funks

Funks

Growers

Growers

ACCO

ACCO

Funks

Funks

Funks

NK

NK

NK

Pioneer

Pioneer

ACCO

Growers

DeKalb

DeKalb

Funks

Asgrow

DeKalb


--2640

-- 4080



2330 4960


G-722DR

G-589

ML-135

GSA 1334BR

BR Y-93 (X-8418)

D-2912 (ex-0912)

G-623GBR

G-662

G-642GBR

NK2778

NK2779

Savanna 5(X-3101A)

8225

8272

DR1085

Exp-73022

D-46

D-55

HW 2163 (G522DR)

Dorado-M

C-42-C


4130

3860

5240

5920

5160

4550

4930

4600

3250

4830

4510

6840

5080

5270

4080



4960

4990

3500

5410


4070


Location mean yield


4850


V.E. GREEN, JR.


2060

2060
----

2660

1510

1770

2030



1720



2280

1360


3440





3080





3500


S390

3970

\5240

4400

\5160

\4550

4190

\ 4600

3250

3320

3290

\6840

3750

3390

2930

2030

\4960

3360

3500

3920

1360


2000


3580








Table 4


Grain Sorghum Cultivar Trial 1973-1977
4- and 5-Year Average Yield

Agricultural Research Center
Jay, Florida


Brand
DeKalb
Young
Ring Around
Young
Funks

Asgrow
McNair
Funks
ACCO
Pennington

McCurdy
ACCO
McNair
Taylor Evans
Young

DeKalb
Young


Hybrid
BR54
ORO-T
808
ORO
G-516BR

Dorado M
656BR
G-522
R-1029A
Penngrain BR

Birds-off-81
R-1090
650
Bird-A-Boo II
Early ORO

E-59
ORO-Y


1973
8540
7000
6490
6320
7180

6400
5380
6400
7000
5470

6040
5380
5810
5040
6060


1974
5980
5640
5300
5120
4950

4950
4780
4780
4780
4610

4440
4440
4270
4100
4100


1975
5810
5130
5120
5300
4780

4270
5640
4780
4780
5980

3760
4610
4610
4780
5130


1976
7840
7240
6940
7140
5760

6900
5360
7020
6150
5230

4320
6420
5400
5280
5910


1977

4560

3630
4560



3840
4320


4060
4270

3920
3630


Average yields
1973- 1973- 1974-
1977 1976 1977
---- 7040 ----
5920 6250 5640-
---- 5960 ---
5500 5970 5300-
5450 5670 5010


5360
5400


4520
5020

4620
4970


5630
5290
5740
5680
5320

4640
5210
5020
4800
5300


5110-
5010


4140
4940

4520
4690


5640 3760 4270 6390 4270 4870 5020 4670
--- 4440 4270 6100 3630 ---- --- 4610


and compiled by H. A. Peacock and B. R. Tyree, ARC, Jay.


Statewide


_~


Data gathered











Table 5


Grain Sorghum Cultivar Trial 1975-1977
2- and 3-Year Average Yields

Agricultural Research Center
Jay, Florida


Brand
Young
Young
Funk
Funk
ACCO

McCurdy
ACCO
Taylor Evans
Young
DeKalb


Young
As grow
Young


Hybrid
ORO-T
ORO
G-516BR
G-522
R-1029A

Birds-off-81
R-1090
Bird-A-Boo II
Early ORO
E-59


ORO-Y
Capitan
ORO-DR


1975
5130
5300
4780
4780
4780

3760
4610
4780
5130
4270

4270
4440
4270


1976
7240
7140
5760
7020
6150

4320
6420
5280
5910
6390

6100
7160
5070


1977
4570
3630
4570
3850
4320

4060
4270
3930
3630
4270

3630
3330
3180


Average yield
1976- 1975-
1977 1977
5910 .5650/
5380 5360
5160 5040
5430 5220
5230 5080/


4190
5340
4600
4770
5330

4860
5240
4090


4050
5100 /
4660
4890
4980

4670
4980
4150


and compiled by H. A. Peacock and B. R.


Statewide


__


Data gathered


Tyree, ARC, Jay.








Table 6


Statewide Grain Sorghum Cultivar Trial -
Agricultural Research Center
Jay, Florida


Brand
DeKalb
Funks
Growers
'Taylor-Evans
Young

Funks
Ring Around
Ring Around
Pioneer
Pioneer

Pioneer
Funks
ACCO
ACCO
ACCO

DeKalb
Northrup King
Ring Around
McCurdy
DeKalb

Northrup King
Growers
Taylor-Evans
Growers
Growers

Funks
Funks
McCurdy
Taylor-Evans
Northrup King
Funks
Funks
DeKalb
Young
SYoung

Pioneer
SYoung
Pioneer
SACCO
SFunks

: Continued --


Yield/
acre
Hybrid lbs.
BR64 5160
G-662 -4910
GSA1334 -- 4780
Total-R -4740
ORO-T "'4570


G-516BR
811GB
808GB
8311
B-815

8454
BR79
1029A
BR-y93
R1090


E-59
Savanna 5
Bird Go 68
Birds-off 81
D-46

2778
Exp. 73022
Bird-A-Boo II
Exp. 75005
ML-135

G-522
HW 1760
Birds-off 91
Y-101R
Savanna 3


G-722DR
G-642GBR
F-67
ORO
Early ORO

8272
ORO-Y
8225
D-2912
G- 589


- 4570
-4520
'4440
4440
N 4400

4400
4360
,4320
4320
-4270

4270
S4260
"4100
4060
"-4060

3970
3930
3930
3920
3890

3840
3840
3760
3720
3680


3680
3680
3670
3630
3630

3630
3630
3630
3590
3550


Height
inches
58
40
43
49
46


Heading/
days
66
66
65
66
64


Head/
type
EO
SO
EO
SO
SO


Disease/
rating
2.50
2.80
2.80
3.00
2.50


3.00
2.20
2.20
3.80
2.80

3.00
3.50
3.00
3.50
2.80

3.20
2.80
2.50
3.80
3.00

2.80
2.80
3.00
2.80
2.80

3.20
3.00
2.80
3.20
2.50

2.50
2.80
2.50
3.50
4.75

2.50
2.80
2.50
3.20
2.20


Bird./
damage
rating
.50
.50
0
.50
.50


Lodging-/
rating
0
0
0
0
0


.50
.75
0
0
1.25

.50
1.00
0
.75
1.00


1.00
.25
.50
.50
1.25

.75
1.00
.50
1.25
1.00


1977


i l









Table 6 cont.....


Statewide Grain Sorghum Cultivar Trial 1977 (continued)


Brand
McCurdy
Funks
ACCO
Asgrow
Northrup King

Funks
DeKalb
Young
Funks
Ring Around

DeKalb
Funks
DeKalb
Taylor-Evans

LSD @ .05


Hybrid
M51YG
G623GBR
DR1085
Capitan
2779

G-622GBR
BR65
ORO-DR
G-522DR
747


D-55
G-399
D-60
Hondo


Yield/
acre
Ibs.
3540
3500
3370
3330
3330


Height
inches
34
36
44
42
39


Heading/

66
65
66
65
72
64


Head/


so
SO
SO
C
0


3330
3290
3120
3120
3120

3030
2950
2900
2690


Disease3/
rating
3.50
3.50
4.00
3.00
3.80


3.00
3.80
3.00
2.00
2.50


BirdL/
damage
rating
.25
.25
.50
.50
.25


1.00
.75
.25
.25
.75


2.50 2.25
4.50 2.25
2.50 .50
2.80 2.25

.90 .96


1/Days from planting to 50% anthesis.
2/0 = open; C = compact; SO = semi-open; EO = extremely open.
3/Based on rating of 1-10 with 1 = trace; 10 = 100% of leaf area infested.
4/Based on rating of 0-10 with 0 = no damage; 10 = 100% of grain damaged.
5/Based on rating of 0-10 with 0 = no lodging; 10 = 100% of stalks lodged.

Test planted 4-8-77; 400 lbs/A 8-24-24 applied 3-25-77. 200 lbs/A ammonium nitrate applied
5-3-77. Weed control consisted of Atrazine at 2 lbs/A 4-8-77. Soil type was Orangeburg fine
sandy loam. Soil insect control consisted of 20 lbs/A Furadan on 4-8-77 and 20 Ibs/A Heptachloi
on 4-11-77. Test average yield = 3860 lbs./Acre.


Data gathered and compiled by H. A. Peacock and B. R. Tyree, ARC, Jay.


Jay ARC


Lodging5/
rating
0
0
0
0
0


0
0
0
0


---








Table 7


Grain Sorghum Cultivar Trial 1977
Agricultural Research Center
Jay, Florida
Disease Testl/


Brand
McCurdy
Funks
Funks
Asgrow
Funks

Funks
McNair
Asgrow
McNair
McNair


Hybrid
JAP
G-622
G-516BR
Grenada
G-722DR

G-622GBR
3140
Bug-off
3143
650D


Asgrow Bug-off M
Funks 623GBR
Funks G-522DR
Funks G-522
Ga. RS-700

McNair 3141
McNair 3147
McNair 3148
Funks G-701DR
Asgrow Capitan

Funks G-589
Asgrow Bug-off E
McNair 3144
McNair 3146
Funks G-399

S- LSD @- .05


Yield/
acre
lbs.
5850
4780
4400
4180
4020

4020
3930
3840
3800
3720


3720
3590
3540
3500
3460

3330
3240
3210
3120
3120

2860
2690
2600
2220
2140


Height
inches
45
42
44
44
51

46
53
39
46
47


Heading2/
days

66
64
64
72

64
66
66
66
64


Head/
type
0
SO
EO
SO
SO

0
0
SO
C
SO


Disease.4/
rating
2.2
2.5
2.8
2.5
2.5

2.8
2.0
2.8
2.5
3.5


3.2
3.0
1.9
2.8
2.2

2.2
2.8
2.5
2.8
2.8

2.5
2.5
2.8
2.0
4.2


-T.U


1/Primarily Anthracnose (Colletotrichum graminicolum)
2/Days from planting to 50% anthesis.
3/0 = open, C = compact, SO = semi-open, EO = extremely open.
4/Based on rating of 1-10 with 1 = trace; 10 = 100% of leaf area infested.
5/Based on rating of 0-10 with 0 = no damage; 10 = 100% of grain damaged.
6/Based on rating of 0-10 with 0 = no lodging; 10 = 100% of stalks lodged.

Test planted 4-8-77; 400 Ibs/A 8-24-24 applied 3-25-77. 200 Ibs/A ammonium nitrate applied
5-3-77. Weed control consisted of Atrazine at 2 lbs/A on 4-8-77. Soil type was Orangeburg
fine sandy loam. Soil insect control consisted of 20 lbs/A Furadan on 4-8-77 and 20 Ibs/A
Heptachlor on 4-11-77.


Data gathered and compiled by H. A. Peacock and B. R. Tyree, ARC, Jay.


Lodging/
rating
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0


Bird5/
damage
rating
.50
.25
0
1.50
1.25

0


.25
1.00

1.75
0
.25
.25
.50

1.00
.75
.50
1.00
.75

1.25
2.00
.50
1.00
5.25


m B


Disease Testl/







Table 8


YIELD OF GRAIN SORGHUM VARIETY TRIALS, 1975-77

Marianna, Florida


Yield
1976


1975


in lbs./A.
1977


ACCO
Northrup-King
Ring Around
Funk
Pioneer
Ring Around
Taylor-Evans
Dekalb
Taylor-Evans
Young (FMC)
Young (FMC)
ACCO
ACCO
Funk
Taylor-Evans
Young (FMC)
McCurdy
Taylor-Evans
Young (FMC)
McCurdy
Young (FMC)
McNair
Asgrow
Asgrow
Pennington
McCurdy
McNair
McNair
Asgrow
Funk


Growers
Dekalb
McCurdy
Dekalb
Pioneer
Growers
Ring Around
Dekalb
Funk
Funk
Asgrow
Dekalb
Funk


BR Y-93
Savanna 5
811A
G-516 BR
B-815
808 GB
Total-R
E-59
Y-101-R
ORO-T
ORO
R1090
R1029A
G-522
Bird-A-Boo II
Early ORO
Birds-Off 81
Hondo
ORO-Y
Birds-Off 91
ORO DR
650
Capitan
Dorado-M
Penngrain BR
Birds-Off 13
656 BR
654
Granada
BR-79


ML-135
D-60
M51
BR 65
8311
1334 BR
Bird-Go 68
F-67
G-722 DR
G-589
Bug Off
BR-64
G-399


All data from early


Brand


Variety


5060
5560
4830
4790
5100
5350
5300
5260
5020
4650
4500
4680
5040
4630
4530
3880
4200
4530
4000
4310
4110


5500
4570
5770
5300
5250
4960
4900
5100
5450
4970
5010
5160
4850
5010
5080
4720
4700
4030
4370
4140
3740
5210
4390
4720
5160
4740
4670
4470
4370
5210


4250
4650
4040
4500
3980
4010
4040
3860
3670
4460
4300
3940
3720
3900
3640
4320
3840
3240
3280
2840
2920
4160
4920
4260
3640
3890
3950
3300
3180


4940
4930
4880
4860
4780
4770
4750
4740
4710
4690
4600
4590
4540
4510
4420
4310
4250
3930
3880
3760
3590
4690
4660
4490
4400
4320
4310
3890
3780
5050
5050
4890
4660
4550
4530
4300
4270
4240
4200
4120
4010
3960
2760


4910
4260
4480
4160
3930
3910
4330
3530
3400
3980
3880
3650
2300


4880
5190
5520
4830
4930
5120
4690
4200
4950
4990
4260
4130
4270
3220


(April) plantings.


----




Planted: April 21
Harvested: Aug. 8-9


Brand
Northrup-King
)ekalb
Funk
ting Around
taylor-Evans
)ekalb
'rowers
Pioneer
?ioneer
CCO
Torthrup-King
LCCO
'aylor-Evans
?unk
'rowers
)ekalb
.CCO
)ekalb
Punk
.ting Around
IcCurdy
punk
?unk
iekalb
-rowers
.CCO
pioneerr
'oung (FMC)
'unk
'unk
\sgrow
'aylor-Evans
'aylor-Evans
oung (FMC)
Ing Around
rowers
forthrup-King
'ioneer
'ekalb
(cCurdy
ekalb
'unk
pioneerr
orthrup-King
ing Around
cCurdy
sgrow
oung (FMC)
unk
young (FMC)
sgrow
oung (FMC)
jCO
junk


Variety
Savanna
D-60
HW 2163
808 GB
Total-R
E59+
ML-135
8311
B-815
BR Y-93
2778
R1029A
Y-101-R
G-722 DR
Exp. 730
F-67
D-2912
BR 65+
BR79
811 GB
M51 YG
G-662
G-516 BR
D-55
1334 BR
R1090
8225
ORO-T
G-623 GB
G-522
Bug Off
Hondo
Bird-A-B
ORO
747
Exp. 750
2779
8454
D-46
Birds-Of:
BR-64
G-589
8272
Savanna
Bird Go
Birds-Of
Bug Off
ORO-DR
G-642 GBI
ORO-Y
Bug Off I
Early OR(
DR 1085
G-399


RESULTS OF 1977 EARLY PLANTING OF GRAIN SORGHUM
PERFORMANCE TRIALS, MARIANNA
Table 9
Days to Plant Diseasel/
Mid-Bloom Ht. (in.) Rating Lodging2/ SI
5 66 61 2.8 2.0
69 56 2.3 1.0
(G-522DR)65 50 2.6 1.6
65 56 3.1 1.3
64 55 2.6 1.0
65 53 2.8 1.3
63 46 3.1 1.3
65 48 3.5 1.3
66 54 3.5 2.0
60 49 4.0 2.0
63 50 3.6 2.0
61 49 3.5 2.0
63 46 3.1 1.6
69 52 2.8 1.3
22 67 50 2.6 2.3
67 48 2.8 1.6
84 53 1.5 1.0
68 55 3.3 2.0
64 54 4.1 4.3
66 49 2.8 1.0
63 46 3.3 1.6
63 48 3.3 2.0
62 49 3.6 1.6
63 54 3.3 1.6
64 47 3.6 1.3
63 46 3.5 1.6
62 55 3.1 2.0
65 56 3.1 1.6
R 65 45 3.5 1.3
63 44 3.3 1.0
M 63 52 4.0 1.0
63 51 3.0 1.0
oo 2 65 48 3.6 1.3
64 45 3.6 2.0
65 52 3.1 1.5
05 62 48 4.1 1.6
63 46 3.3 1.6
63 47 3.3 2.0
67 52 2.6 2.0
f 91 64 49 3.3 1.0
67 59 3.1 1.6
65 48 3.0 1.3
65 46 4.1 1.6
3 60 49 4.0 1.6
68 67 48 3.5 2.0
f 81 63 45 3.8 1.0
65 44 3.3 2.0
62 50 3.0 2.3
R 63 48 3.6 2.0
63 49 2.8 1.3
S60 50 4.1 1.3
) 60 49 3.8 2.6
67 43 3.3 1.3
59 39 4.5 2.0
E 64 50 3.3 1.6


Disease rating (primarily Anthracnose): 1 = no disease, 10 = plants
completely dead from disease (ratings on July 28).
Lodging: 10 = all plants down, 1 = all plants erect.
Head Shape: vo = very open, o = open, so = semi-open, sc = semi-compact, c
Grain Color: R = red, Br = brown, RBr = reddish brown, YE = yellow.


lead
iape,/j
c
so
sc
so
so
so
so
sc
sc
o
so
so
sc
c
so
0
so
so
0
sc
so
0
o

0
0
sc
sc
so
so
0
o
c
vo
so
c
o
o
0
so
sc
o
o
c
sc
3
3
0
so
sc
3
o0


so
sc


= compact.


Grain Yield
SColorA/ (lbs/A.)
RBr 5560
R 5520
R 5380
R 5350
R 5300
R 5260
R 5190
R 5120
Br 5100
Br 5060
R+ 5060
R 5040
R 5020
R 4990
R 4990
R 4950
R 4950
RBr 4930
Br 4880
R 4830
R 4830
R 4820
Br 4790
R 4730
Br 4690
R 4680
RBr 4680
R 4650
R 4650
R 4630
R+ 4600
R 4530
Br 4530
R 4500
R 4480
Br 4420
R 4330
R 4330
R 4320
RBr 4310
Br 4270
R 4260
R+ 4220
RBr 4200
Br 4200
Br 4200
R 4130
R 4110
YE 4070
YE 4000
RBr 4000
R 3880
R 3620
R 3220
4640
LSD(.05) 751 lbs,
CV 11.4%


t











Table 9 continued.... Grain Sorghum Test, 1977, Marianna, ARC, FL Gorbet


1977 Grain Sorghum Variety Trials 1st Planting

Cultural Data


Planted April 21, 1977 (10 seed/ft. row)

Plot size 2 rows, 20 ft. long, 36 in. apart

Field design RCB, 4 reps.

Fertilization 600#/A. of 5-10-15, ppi.

88#N/A. as Am. Nitrate (May 17)

Herbicide Atrex, 2 qts./A. (April 22)

Insecticides Lannate (1 qt./A.) June 29, July 6, 14

Irrigations April 30, May 6, 12, 18, 22, June 9, 12, 16,
July 1 (1 in. each)

Harvest 8 feet from each of 2 rows, August 8-9; dried,
threshed, and weighed

Soil Orangeburg lie (pH = 5.4, P205 = 350, K20 = 180,
CaO = 195, MgO = 170 #/A.); 1.5 tons of Dolomite
applied per acre (February 10, 1977)





















TABLES 10 AND 11
DO NOT
EXIST








Table 12. Average Yields of Grain Sorghum Hybrids Grown at the ARC Live Oak
in 1977 and Two Year Averages for Hybrids Grown in 1976 and 1977.

Grain Yield, lbs/Acre
Brand Hybrid 1977 1976 2 yr. ave


Dekalb
ACCO
Ring Around
Northrup-King
Pioneer
Ring Around
Dekalb
McCurdy
TE
Dekalb
Northrup-King
Northrup-King
Taylor-Evans
Dekalb
Dekalb
Funks
Funks
- Growers
Young
Pioneer
McCurdy
Ring Around
Funks
Funks
ACCO
Young
SGrowers
Dekalb
Taylor-Evans
Funks
Funks
Northrup-King
Ring Around
Dekalb
Young
Taylor-Evans
Young
Pioneer
Pioneer
Funks
Funks
McCurdy
Growers
ACCO
Funks
Growers
YOung


F-67
D-2912
RA 808 GB
NK 2778
815
RA 811 GB
BR 65
M 514' G
4-101-R
D-60
Savanna 5
NK 2779
Total-R
E-59
BR-64
G-589
HW 4060
Exp .73022
ORO
8225
Birds-off 91
RA Bird Go 68
G-623 GBR
G-642 GBR
R-1029 A
ORO T
Exp 75005
D-55
Hondo
BR-79
HW 2163 (G-522DR)
Savanna 3
RA 747
D-46
ORO DR
Bird-a-boo 2
Early Oro
8311
8272
G-522
G-722 DR
Birds off 81
ML-135
DR 1085
G-662
GSA 1334 BR
ORO-Y


Continues on next page


5280
5260
5240
5200
5130
5100
4940
4820
4780
4770
4740
4720
4720
4700
4670
4670
4660
4650
4520
4490
4490
4450
4170
4160
4160
4030
4030
3720
3710
3670
3670
3660
3620
3460
3410
3410
3410
3370
3310
3300
3230
3210
3090
3090
2820
2560
2540


5270
6640
6690

6220
5370
5784
4380
4860
5280


5970
5080
5260



5870


5310


5830
7130


5970





3900
5390
5500
5450

5350
4270
4920
4750


5060
4950


5280
5950
5970

5680
5240
5360
4600
4820
5030


5350
4890
4970



5200


4880


5000
5580


4840





3660
4400
4460
4410

4330
3750
4070
3920


3810
3750






continued........

Table 12. Average Yields of Grain Sorghum Hybrids Grown at the ARC Live Oak
in 1977 and Two Year Averages for Hybrids Grown in 1976 and 1977.


Brand

ACCO R-1090 2450 4630 3540
Funks G-516 BR 2290 5330 3810
ACCO BRY-93 2280 5760 4020
Pioneer 8454 2060
Funks G-399 1820 3870 2850


Planted April 5; Harvested August 2, 1977; Fertilization:
acre 5-10-15; sidedress 100 lbs/acre N.


preplant 800 lbs/


Average yields for all hybrids tested : 1977, 3,920 ; 1976, 5,240 Ibs./ Acre.





Table 13. Average yields of Grain Sorghum hybrids at the main station, Gainesville, 1972-1977.



Acc. BRAND HYBRID YIELDS, POUNDS PER ACRE, GRAIN, DRY WEIGHT Average
No. 1977 1976 1975 1974 1973 1972


during the 6
Youngs (FMC)
Youngs (FMC)
ACCO
Youngs (FMC)
DeKalb
Taylor-Evans


years 1972-1977
ORO-T
Early ORO
R-1029-A
ORO
E-59+
Bird-a-Boo


Grown during a 5-year period 1973-1977


Ring Around
Funk's
Funk's
Youngs (FMC)
Asgrow
McNair
Pennington
Funk's
ACCO

during a 4-year
ACCO
DeKalb
McCurdy
Ring Around
McNair
McNair


XL808GB
G-516BR
G-522
ORO-Y
Dorado-M
654
Penngrain BR
BR-79
R-1090

period 1972-1977
BR Y-93 (x-9418)
BR-64
Birds-off 81
XL Bird-Go 68
656 BR
650


continues on next page


Grown
100
113
061
074
108
158


3700
3060
3320
3060
3300
2750


2480
3660
3210
3280


3730
3100


3280
2350
3450
2300


125
130
059
133
091
094
084
049
082

Grown
147
039
123
086
127
126


5420
5520
4880
4890
4800
6560


6350
5340
4760
5230
5220
4750
5620


4920


5010
5320
5280
5500
5600
4400


6430
6000
6380
5140
5350
6550


4680
4830
5500
4670
5620
6430
3970
5320
6130


5050





4970
5010


7630
6320
5380
4970
5130
4570


4340
3150
3510
2660
3500
2180


4340
3550
2960
3340
3470
3470
4070
2780
3150


3330


3150
2540
3370
3310


5430


5000
4070
4150
5170
3630
2190


4240
3480
3860
2930
5580
3860
4020
4780


6260
6550
6830
6510
5540


3510
3710
4830
3200
3920


5420
4690
4600
4320
4290
4130


4420
4170
4060
3890
5230
5010
4900
4620
4570


4220
4150
3900
3790
4290
4160





Acc.
Acc BRAND
No.


.. .... ydin surgnum, Gainesvi I Ie,T972-/7.


HYBRID


1977


~lLE S PUNDVS PER ACRE TK~ U Wln


1976


1975


1974


1973


1972


during a 3-year period 1972-1977
NK Savanna 5


Grown
197
162
157
163
118

Grown
161
159


183
179
181
184
174
186
173
167
171
166
170
172
169
177
176


B-815 BR
Hondo
ORO-DR
Savanna 3

1976-1977 or 1975-1976
Granada (Big Red)
Capitan (H-741)


Average of all hybrids grown in the year


V.E. GREEN, JR.


5990
5600
4290
4160


2960
2820
3110
1720
3450


Pioneer
Taylor-Evans
Youngs (FMC)
NK

for two years
Asgrow
Asgrow


Growers
Funk's
Growers
Ring Around
Pioneer
ACCO
DeKalb
McCurdy
DeKalb
McCurdy
Taylor-Evans
DeKalb
Taylor-Evans
Funk's
Funk's


5540
5540
4160
3590




4470
4190


5300
4900
4950
5990
4740
4610
5080
4810
3990
4910
5010
4750
4070
4030
3880


5480
4170


3800


3520
3540
3440
2240
3250
3370
2430
2670
3230
2200
1940
2210
2160
2090
1420


2810


5650


4930


4830
4650
3850
3160
4300


4980
4180


4410
4220
4200
4120
4000
3990
3760
3750
3610
3560
3480
3480
3120
3060
2650


5lbO


323U


No.1977 1976 1979


- -.-~-


mVEAGHE


GSA1334 BR
G-589
ML-135
XLRA811A GB
8311
D-2912
D-60
M-51
F-67
Birds-off 91
TE-Total-R
BR-65
TEY-101-R
G-399
G-722 DR


35/u 5wU




Table 14 .


on Arredondo


Acc. Brand Hybrid Height
No. Name Desig- in
G- nation inches


039 DeKalb

049 Funks

059 Funks

061 ACC6

074 Young (!

082 ACCO

086 Ring Ar

100 Young (I

108 DeKalb

113 Young (!

118 NK

123 McCurdy

125 Ring Ar

130 Funks

133 Young (!

157 TE (Gol

158 TE (Gol

162 Pioneer

163 Young (!

166 McCurdy

167 McCurdy

169 TE (Gol

170 TE (Gol

171 DeKalb

172 DeKalb

173 DeKalb

174 Pioneer


Surgro) (FMC)



found (XL)

Surgro) (FMC)



Surgro) (FMC)


found (XL)



Surgro) (FMC)

den Acres)

den Acres)



Surgro) (FMC)





den Acres)

den Acres)


BR-64

BR-79

G-522

1029A

Oro

R1090

RA-Bird-Go-68

Oro-T

E59+

Early Oro

Savanna 3

Birds-off 81

RA 808GB

G-516BR

Oro-Y

Hondo

Bird-a-boo 2

B-815 BR

Oro-DR

Birds-off 91

M51 YG

Y-101-R

Total-R

F-67

BR 65+

D-60

8311


continues on n


Flowering Data
Date, Days
June to
Flower
8 72

5 69

7 71

3 67

7 71

5 69

11 75

7 71

7 71

2 66

4 68

7 71

11 75

4 68

7 71

6 70

7 71

7 71

8 72

7 71

5 69

8 72

8 72

8 72

10 74

12 76

7 71

ext page


Some agronomic characteristics of 52 grain sorghum hybrids grown
fine sand under irrigation at Gainesville, FL, 1977.


Bird res-
istance:
BR or
NBR 1/
BR

BR

NBR

NBR

NBR

NBR

BR

NBR

NBR

NBR

BR

BR

NBR

BR

NBR

NBR

BR

BR

NBR

BR

NBR

NBR

NBR

NBR

BR

NBR

NBR


Endo-
sperm
color:
Y or W
WE

WE

HYE

YE

YE

YE

YE

YE

HYE

YE

YE

HYE

YE

HYE

YE

WE

WE

HYE

YE

WE

YE

YE

YE

HYE

WE

WE

YE


Weight
180 see
grams

4.9

6.5

6.0

5.6

6.7

4.7

4.9

6.3

5.6

5.1

5.2

4.8

5.9

4.9

6.3

6.8

4.6

4.2

6.5

4.4

7.3

6.4

6.4

5.9

5.9

5.5

6.1





Table 14, continued Grain sorghum, agronomic characteristics, Gainesviiie, iy//.


Acc. Height Flowering Data Bird
lo. BRAND HYBRID in Date Days to istan
"- Inches June: Flower BR or
1/


176 Funks

'77 Funks

79 Funks

81 Growers

83 Growers

k84 Ring Around (XL)

|85 ACCO

186 ACCO

;91 Funks

92 Funks

93 Funks

94 Funks (silage)

,95 NK

96 NK

97 NK

98 Pioneer

99 Pioneer

)0 Pioneer

)1 ACCO

)2 Growers

)3 Growers

i4 DeKalb

5 DeKalb

6 Ring Around (XL)

7 Funks

erage


G-722DR

G-399

G-589

ML-135

GSA 1334BR

RA 811GB

BR-Y-93-(X-8418)

D-2912-(ex-0912)

G-623GBR

G-662

G-642GBR


HW 4060 (silage)

NK2778

NK2779

Savanna 5(X-3101A)

8225

8272

8454

DR1085

Exp-73022

Exp-75005

D-46

D-55

RA747

HW 2163 (G-522DR)
- -m - -


43

38

40

39

42

42

40

40

42

41

39

55

42

41

51

39

40

41

38

40

42

44

44

39

38

42


13

5

7

4

5

9

4

2

5

6

6

5

6

4

6

6

6

5

4

10

2

8

7

11



7


77

69

71

68

69

73

68

66

69

70

70

69

70

68

70

70

70

69

68

74

66

72

71

75

75

71


NBR

NBR

NBR

NBR

BR

NBR

BR

NBR

NBR

NBR

NBR

NBR

NBR

NBR

BR

NBR

NBR

NBR

NBR

NBR

BR

BR

NBR

NBR

NBR


res-Endo- Weight
ice: sperm of 180


NBR color:
Y or
HYE

WE

YE,

YE

YE

HYEo

YE

YE

HYE

HYE

YE

WE

YE

YE

WE

WE

WE

YE

YE

YE

YE

WE

WE

WE

HYE


anted March 28. 1-row plots. Field W-1, AY Farm, Corner Hull & Museum Roads, South 2 acres.
4s 3' apart, E & W. Each hybrid harvested upon formation of black layer, commencing June 27;
/ BR=bird resistant, NBR=not bird resistant; 2/ Low weight=small seed; High weight=large seed.

V.E. GREEN, JR.


seed,
I grams, 2/
4.4

5.5

6.8

7.3

5.4

6.8

4.9

6.2

6.8

6.4

7.0

6.3

6.4

7.1

6.8

5.9

6.0

5.1

5.5

6.2

5.9

4.3

5.2

5.4

4.9

5.8





Table 15 Agro-Industrial traits of 52 Grain Sorghum hybrids
under irrigation at Gainesville, 1977.


grown on Arredondo fine sand


BRAND HYBRID


039 DeKalb

049 Funks

059 Funks

061 ACCO

074 Young (

082 ACCO

086 Ring Ar

100 Young (

108 DeKalb

113 Young (

118 NK

123 McCurdy

125 Ring Ar

130 Funks

133 Young (

157 TE (Gol

158 TE (Gol

162 Pioneer

163 Young (

166 McCurdy

167 McCurdy

169 TE (Gol

170 TE (Gol

171 DeKalb

172 DeKalb

173 DeKalb


Surgro) (FMC)



found (XL)

Surgro) (FMC)



Surgro) (FMC)


ound (XL)



Surgro) (FMC)

den Acres)

den Acres)



Surgro) (FMC)





den Acres)

den Acres)


BR-64

BR-79

G-522

1029A

Oro

R1090

RA Bird Go 68

Oro-T

E59+

Early Oro

Savanna 3

Birds-off 81

RA 808GB

G-516BR

Oro-Y

Hondo

Bird-a-boo 2

B-815 BR

Oro-DR

Bird-off 91

M51 YG

Y-101-R

Total-R

F-67

BR 65+

D-60


continues on


Peri- Leaves/
carp Plant,
color of Number
seed

Brown 10.0

Brown 8.5

Bronze 9.0

Red 7.3

Bronze 8.5

Red 8.5

Brown 11.0

Bronze 7.0

Bronze 9.0

Bronze 8.5

Brown 9.0

Br. Yel. 7.8

Red 9.0

Brown 7.8

Yellow 10.3

Red 7.8

Brown 9.5

R/Br 8.8

Bronze 9.3

Brown 9.0

Red 7.3

Red 9.8

Red 8.5

Bronze 8.0

Brown 8.5

Red 8.3

next page


Bird Black
Damage Layer
% Date,
July

12

5

20 7-8 8

I1

25 7-8 8

90 7-8 5

12

80 7-8 12

90 7-8 12

1

l1

12

80 7-8 12

I
1

75 7-8 12

8

12

12

12

12

5

25 7-8 18

70 7-8 12

80 7-8 12

18

60 7-8 12


Test Grain
Wt/Bu Yield
Lbs. Lbs/A


55 2350

58 3730

58 3210

58 3320

58 3060

58 3100

52 2300

56 3700

56 3300

59 3060

56 3450

55 3450

56 2480

57 3660

52 3280

60 3110

56 2750

54 2820

56 1720

54 2200

58 2670

57 2160

56 1940

53 3230

53 2210

58 2430





Table 15 continued: Grai gro-industrial traits, Gainesville


Pericarp Leaves/
Colorof Plant,
BRAND HYBRID Seed Number


174 Pioneer

176 Funks

.177 Funks

179 Funks

181 Growers

183 Growers

184 Ring Around (XL)

185 ACCO

186 ACCO

191 Funks

192 Funks

193 Funks

194 Funks (silage)

195 NK

196 NK

197 NK

198 Pioneer

199 Pioneer

200 Pioneer

201 ACCO

202 Growers

203 Growers

204 DeKalb

205 DeKalb

206 Ring Around (XL)

207 Funks
Average
Average


8311 Bronze

G-722DR Red

G-399 Red

G-589 Red

ML-135 Bronze

GSA 1334BR Brown

RA 811GB Rd/Yel.

BR Y-93 (X-8418) Brown

D-2912 (ex-0912) Lt.Red

G-623GBR Bronze

G-662 Bronze

G-642GBR Yellow

HW4060 (silage) Cream

NK2778 Bronze

NK2779 Bronze

Savanna 5(X-3101A) Brown

8225 Lt.Red

8272 Red

8454 Bronze

DR1085 Lt.Red

Exp-73022 Bronze

Exp-75005BR Brown

D-46 D.Red

D-55 Red

RA747 Red

HW 2163 (G-522DR) Bronze
--------


9.3

9.0

7.7

8.8

8.8

9.0

8.5

9.0

8.8

8.3

8.0

9.3

7.0

8.5

8.0

8.0

8.3

8.3

8.5

9.3

9.5

8.3

9.3

9.0

8.3

8.8

8.7


Bird Black
Damage Layer,
% Date,
July
20 7-8 8

12

6.27

25 7-8 8

1
I

12

75 7-8 12

1

1

5

5

5

50 6-29 5

8

l1

66.27

6.27

12

5

1

12

1

18

18

'8

30 7-8 12


Test Grain
Wt/Bu. Yield
Lbs. Lbs/A


57

58

58

59

58

54

54

52

58

57

59

55

55

57

59

56

58

51

56

60

50

57

58

59

58

57

56


3250

1420

2090

3540

3440

3520

2240

3480

3370

3320

2840

2420

3400

2990

3460

2960

2390

1870

2820

2820

850

3820

3020

2290

2610

1270

2810


Planted March 28. 1-row plots. Field w-1, AY Farm, Corner Hull & Museum Roads,


Rows 3' apart, E & W.


South 2 acres.


V.E. GREEN, JR.


1977







Table 6 The in-vitro organic matter digestibility of grain sorghum hybrids as influenced by pericarp color,
endosperm color, and bird resistance at Gainesville, Florida, 1972-1976.

ACC. PERICARP NBR ENDOSPERM IN VITRO ORGANIC MATTER DIGESTIBILITY, %
NO. BRAND HYBRID COLOR BR COLOR 1972 1973* 1975 1976 AVERAGE, %


Hybrids grown for four years, 1972-1976
094 McNair 654
061 ACCO R-1029A
113 Youngs (FMC) Early Oro
091 Asgrow Dorado-M
100 Youngs (FMC Oro-T
108 DeKalb E-59
074 Youngs (FMC) Oro
130 Funks G-516BR
084 Pennington Penngrain-BR

Hybrids grown for three years, 1972-1976
133 Youngs (FMC) Oro-Y


126 McNair
125 Ring Around (XL)
059 Funks
082 ACCO
127 McNair
049 Funks
039 DeKalb


650YE
808GB
G-522
R-1090A
656BR
BR-79
BR-64


Hybrids grown for two years, 1972-1976


163 Youngs (FMC)
159 Asgrow
157 Taylor-Evans
161 Asgrow
123 McCurdy
086 Ring Around (XL)
165 NK (Sawan)
162 Pioneer
147 ACCO


Oro-DR
Cap itan


Bronze
Red
Bronze
Red
Bronze
Bronze
Bronze
Brown
Brown


Bronze
Red
Red
Bronze
Red
Brown
Brown
Brown


Bronze
Red


Hondo Red
Grenada Red
Bi rds-off 81 Brown
Bird-go 68 Brown
Savanna 5 Brown
B-815BR Brown
BR Y-93 Brown


NBR
NBR
NBR
NBR
NBR
NBR
NBR
BR
BR


NBR
NBR
NBR
NBR
NBR
BR
BR
BR


NBR
NBR
NBR
NBR
BR
BR
BR
BR
BR


YE
YE
YE
YE
YE
HYE
YE
HYE
YE


YE
YE
YE
YE
YE
YE
YE
YE


YE
YE
WE
YE
HYE
YE
WE
HYE
YE


77.9
78. 1
77.8
76.4
76.2
77.6
77.0
57.7
54.7


85.7
85.4
84.0
85.6
86.1
84.8
82.4
79.3
77.4


86.3
85.0
84.4
85.4
78.2 -
76.3
51.4 73.8
51.3 70.0


84.2
79.6
81.3
78.9
80.5
79.2
79.8
- 2.2
57.9


86.6
82.9
81.8
81.9
80.9
59.5
52.1


86.2
83.8
82.6
--- --- 75.2
79.1
- 78.4
-- -- 65.9
-- 64.8


62.5 56.8


Average of these hybrids for the year 63.2 81.6 75.2 72.0
Average of all the hybrids in the test for the year 65.8 80.8 75.8 74.1

* IVOMD percentages were high for all hybrids, both NBR and BR. All BR hybrid averages for three and four years
were grown in 1973, and are therefore somewhat inflated.

V.E. GREEN, JR.


78.9
80.7
80.3
80.9
78.9
79.5
78.6
~56-.
59.7


81.8
80.5
79.8
78.4
80.4
59.1

50.4


79.3
80.3
80.3
78.9
58.-
58.9
65.1
56.4


81.7
81.0
80.9
80.5
80.4
80.3
79.5

62.4


84.9
82.8
82.0
81.9
79.8
65.0
59.1
57.2


82.8
82.1
81.5
77.1
6. .9
68.7
65.5
61.1
59.7










Table 17. In-vitro organic matter digestibility (IVOMD) of 14 bird-resistant
(BR) grain sorghum hybrids grown at the UF Dairy Research Unit
near Hague, FL, 1976.

Acc. Signifi- Endosperm
No. BRAND HYBRID IVOMD, % chance 1/ tolor


166

165

158

084

127

086

123

153

172

185

130

162

183

039


WE

WE

WE

WE

YE

HYE

HYE

WE

WE

YE

HYE

HYE

YE

WE


Planted April 2; Harvested July 22. YE Yellow endosperm; HYE Heteroyellow
endosperm; WE White endosperm.
1/ Means with the same letter are not significantly different from each other
as revealed by the Duncan New Multiple Range Test at the .05 level.

V. E. Green, Jr.


McCurdy Birds-off 91 65.3 A

NK (Sawan) Savanna 5 65.1 A

Taylor-Evans Bird-a-Boo II 60.0 B

Pennington Penngrain BR 59.7 B

McNair 656 BR 59.1 B

Ring Around (XL) Bird-go 68 58.9 B

McCurdy Birds-off 81 58.6 B

McCurdy Birds-off 13 57.7 B

DeKalb BR 65 57.5 B

ACCO BR Y-93 56.8 B

Funk's G-516 BR 56.8 B

Pioneer B-815 56.4 B

Growers GSA 1334 BR 55.4 B

DeKalb BR-64 50.4 C

AVERAGE 58.4







Table 18.


In-vitro organic matter digestibility (IVOMD) of 37 non-bird-resistant
(NBR) grain sorghum hybrids grown at the UF Dairy Research Unit near Hague,
FL, 1976.


Endo-
ACC. No. BRAND HYBRID IVOMD,% Signifi .,. sperm
chance 1/ color


168
182
133
189
178
190
188
169
091
176
180
170
175
177
061
187
184
126
082
171
157
159
113
125
179
108
163
173
161
100
094
174
181
074
186
059
167


Pennington
Growers
Youngs (FMC)
McNair
Funk's
McNair
McNair
Taylor-Evans
Asgrow
Funk's
Funk's
Taylor-Evans
Asgrow
Funk's
ACCO
NK (Sawan)
Ring Around(XL)
McNair
ACCO
DeKalb
Taylor-Evans
Asgrow
Youngs (FMC)
Ring Around (XL)
Funks
DeKalb
Youngs(FMC)
DeKalb
Asgrow
Youngs(FMC)
McNair
Pioneer
Growers
Youngs (FMC)
ACCO
Funks
McCurdy


Penngrain-YE
GSA 1180
Oro-Y
695
G-701 GBR
695-D
650-D
TE Y-101-R
Dorado-M
G-722 DR
G-522
-TE Total-R
Bugoff
G-399
R 1029 A
NK 284
RA 811A GB
650
R-1090
F-67
TE Hondo
Capitan
Early Oro
RA 808
G-589
E-59
Oro-DR
D-60
Grenada
Oro-T
654
8311
GSA ML-135
Oro
D-2912
G-522
M-51 YE


82.1
81.9
81.8
81.4
81.2
81.1
81.0
81.0
80.9
80.9
80.8
80.8
80.8
80.7
80.7
80.6
80.5
80.5
80.4
80.4
80.3
80.3
80.3
79.8
79.6
79.5
79.3
78.9
78.9
78.9
78.9
78.7
78.7
78.6
78.6
78.4
77.7


80.0 + 3.1 C.V.= 4.2


Planted April 2; Harvested July 22. YE= Yellow endosperm; HYE= Heteroyellow endo-
sperm; WE= White endosperm.
1/ Means with the same letter or letter group are not significantly different from
each other as revealed by the Duncan New Multiple Range Test at the .05 level.


V.E. Green, Jr.


YE
YE
YE
YE
YE
YE
YE
YE
YE
HYE
HYE
YE
YE
WE
YE
YE
HYE
YE
YE
HYE
WE
YE
YE
HYE
YE
HYE
YE
WE
WE
YE
YE
YE
YE
YE
YE
HYE
YE


Average







Table 19. Effect'of cultivars, row spacing and plant population on the seed yield and other agronomic
characteristics of sorghum planted at Gainesville, FL in 1977,


1/ 2/
Days from LAI- after Plant Height Panicle Length Seed Yield-
Treatments planting to. flowering at Maturity (cm) (Kg/ha)
flowering (cm)

1. Effect of Variety:
TE Bird-A-Boo 11 72 4.30 92 23 3640a
Pioneer B-815 76 4.64 114 22 3930a


2. Effect of Row Spacing:
40 cm. 74 5.00 104 24 4020a
60 cm. 74 4.12 105 23 3580a
90 cm. 73 4.30 101 22 3760a


3. Effect of Population:
20 plants/m2 74 3.55 101 24 3550b
30 plants/m2 74 4.51 105 23 4130a
40 plants/m2 74 5.36 105. 22 3680ab


1/
- Square meter of Leaf Area per Square meter of Land Area

/ Seed Yields not followed by same letter are significantly different at 5% level.


ABDUL AKHANDA













Table 20

Average grain yields (dry in Ibs/acre) of grain sorghum hybrids grown at
Ona ARC in the years 1973-1977.


Brand
Grown for
Asgrow

Grown any
Dekalb
Funks
R.A.

Grown any
Young (FMC)
Dekalb
Funks
T.E.


Hybrid
5 years 1973-1977.
Dorado M

4 years 1973-1977.
E-59
G-516 BR
Bird-Go-68

3 years 1973-1977.
Oro-T
BR-64
BR-79
Y-101-R


Grain production (Ib/A, dry weight)
1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 Ave.


5110 5120 5530 6070 5410 5450


5400

5830


6670
5500
6260


5260
4480





4920


5390
4940






4000
4330


5900
5230
5150


5130
5400


5310
5330
4770


5590
5910
5660
5190


5500
5190
5060


5800
5600
5300
4810


Grown any 2
Dekalb
Acco
Dekalb
Funks
T.E.
Dekalb
Funks
Young (FMC)
Young_ (MC) _
Average


years 1973-1977.
D-60
BR Y-93
BR-64
G 589
Hondo
F-67
G 722 DR
Oro
Oro-Y


5800 4950 4640 5570 5000


Seeding date: 1973, 3-13; 1974, 3-6; 1975, 3-13; 1976, 3-12; 1977, 3-3.


6640
5900

6120

5190
4560
--


4550

5020


4490
3470


6220
5160
5910
3860
4570
4050
4130
3650
_436.9


6430
5530
5230
4990
4800
4620
4350
4070
- 3929


--
--
--

--
--
--
--







Table 21


Agronomic characteristics of


grain sorghum hybrids


grown at the Ona ARC, 1977.


Brand
N.K.
Dekalb
Growers
Dekalb
Acco
Funks
Young (FMC)
Asgrow
Funks
Dekalb
Pioneer
Growers
Acco
T.E.
Acco
McCurdy
Pioneer
Dekalb
Dekalb
Funks
Funks
T.E.
N.K.
Young (FMC)
Young (FMC)
R.A.
Funks
T.E.
Acco
N.K.
Dekalb
T.E.
Young (FMC)
McCurdy
Funks
Acco
Dekalb
Funks
Young (FMC)
Funks
Funks
McCurdy


P


Hybrid


Savanna 5
D-60
GSA-1334-BR
BR-64
1090
BR-79
Oro-T
Dorado M
G-516 BR
E-59
8272
ML-135
R 1029 A
Y-101-R
BR-Y93
Birds-off-91
8225
D-55
D-46
G-623-GBR
G-522
Bird-a-boo-2
NK 2778
Early Oro
Oro-DR
RA Bird-Go-68
G-622
Hondo
D-2912
NK 2279
BR-65
Total R
Oro-Y
M 51 YG
G 722 DR
DR 1085
F-67
G-589
Oro
HW 2163(G-522DR)
G-642 GBR
Birds-off-81


'lant ht.
inches-
60
45
44
53
47
49
48
42
45
46
42
42
43
42
42
46
53
46
49
42
41
46
41
43
45
37
44
38
38
36
48
44
43
36
45
44
37
42
42
41
44
42


Bird
Damage
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0


Head
Type
compact
semi-open
semi-open
semi-open
semi-open
open
semi-open
semi-open
open
semi-open
semi-open
semi-open
semi-open
semi-open
semi-open
semi-open
compact
semi-open
semi-open
semi-open
semi-open
open
semi-open
open
open
compact
semi-open
compact
semi-open
semi-open
compact
semi-open
open
semi-open
compact
semi-open
semi-open
semi-open
semi-open
compact
open
semi-open


t Disease rated on a scale 1 to


10. l=none. 10=100% leaf area affected.


Diseases mainly anthracnose and Helminthosporium spp.


Disease
2
3
3
2
4
6
3
6
3
2
5
4
5
4
6
3
2
6
6
5
4
4
6
5
5
2
5
7
5
4
5
4
3
4
4
6
4
7
4
4
2
4






Table 22
Grain yields (dry in Ibs/acre) of grain sorghum hybrids grown at
the Ona ARC, 1977.

Brand Hybrid Grain Yield (Ib/A-dry)
N.K. Savanna 5 6840 a+
Dekalb D-60 6220 ab
Growers GSA-1334 BR 5920 ab
Dekalb BR-64 5910 abc
Acco 1090 5860 a-d
Funks BR 79 5660 a-e
Young (Surgro) (FMC) Oro-T 5590 a-f
Asgrow Dorado-M 5410 b-g
Funks G-516 BR 5330 b-h
Dekalb E-59 5310 b-i
Pioneer 8272 5270 b-i
Growers ML-135 5240 b-i
Acco R 1029 A 5230 b-i
T.E. Y-101-R 5190 b-i
Acco BR-Y93 5160 b-j
McCurdy Birds-off-91 5160 b-j
Pioneer 8225 5080 b-j
Dekalb D-55 4990 b-j
Dekalb D-46 4960 b-j
Funks G-623 GBR 4930 b-k
Funks G-522 4880 c-k
T.E. Bird-a-boo-2 4860 c-k
N.K. NK 2778 4830 c-k
Young (Surgro)(FMC) Early-Oro 4800 c-l
Young (Surgro)(FMC) Oro-DR 4780 c-1
R.A. (XL) RA Bird Go 68 4770 c-1
Funks G-622 4600 c-1
T.E. Hondo 4570 d-1
Acco D-2912 4550 e-m
N.K. NK 2779 4510 f-m
Dekalb B' 4440 f-n
T.E. Total-R 4400 f-n
Young (Surgro)(FMC) Oro-Y 4360 f-n
McCurdy M 51 YG 4280 g-n
Funks G 722 DR 4130 h-n
Acco DR 1085 4080 h-n
Dekalb F 67 4050 i-n
Funks G 589 3860 j-n
Young (Surgro)(FMC) Oro 3650 k-n
Funks HW 2163 (G-522) 3500 1-n
Funks G 642 GBR 3250 mn
McCurdy Birds-off-81 3230 n
+ Means followed by the same letter are not significantly different.
Duncan's LSD, K=100. Experiment mean= 4850 Ibs./Acre.
Date Seeded: March 3, 1977. Row Spacing: 18"
Fertilization: 0-92-184 Ibs/A N-P205-K20, resp.; 50 Ib N/A after
emergence; 100 lbs N/A when plants 16-18" tall.
Herbicide: AAtrex @ 2 Ib a.i./acre. Paraquat @ k Ib acid/acre, post-
directed when plants 16-18" tall.
Irrigation: Overhead (10.7 applied). Date harvested: June 24, 1977.











Table 23
Agronomic characteristics of grain sorghum
ARC, 1977.


hybrids grown at the Immokalee


Brand


Hybrid


Growers
Dekalb
T.E.
Funks
Asgrow
McCurdy
Dekalb
Pioneer
Funks
Acco
Dekalb
Young (FMC)
N.K.
Acco
Funks
Young (FMC)


GSA 1334 BR
D-60
Bird-a-boo-2
G-589
Dorado M
Birds-off-81
BR-65
8225
G-623 GBR
R 1090
E-59
Oro-Y
NK 2778
R 1029 A
G-722 DR
Early Oro


Plant ht.
-inches-

50
55
46
41
53
43
46
49
48
45
58
46
41
44
50
46


Bird
Damage

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0


Head
Type

open
semi-open
open
semi-open
open
open
compact
compact
open
open
semi-open
open
semi-open
open
compact
open


Disease

3
3
4
5
4
4
4
2
5
3
2
3
5
4
4
4


SDisease rated on a scale 1 to 10. l=none; 10=100% leaf area affected.
Diseases mainly anthracnose and Helminthosporium spp.













Table 24
Grain yields (dry in
Immokalee ARC, 1977.


Ibs/acre) of grain sorghum hybrids grown at the


Brand
Growers
Dekalb
T.E.
Funks
Asgrow
McCurdy
Dekalb
Pioneer
Funks
Acco
Dekalb
Young (FMC)
N.K.
Acco
Funks
Young (FMC)


Hybrid
GSA 1334 BR
D-60
Bird-a-boo-2
G-589
Dorado M
Birds-off-81
BR-65
8225
G-623 GBR
R 1090
E-59
Oro-Y
NK 2778
R 1029 A
G-722 DR
Early Oro


Grain Yield (Ib/A dry)


4960
4349
4270
4080
4070
4020
3660
3500
3440
3320
3270
3140
3080
3010
2640
2430


ab
ab
abc
a-d
a-d
a-d
b-e
b-f
b-f
b-f
b-f
c-f
def
def
ef
f


Means followed by the
Duncan's LSD, K=100.


same letter are not significantly different.
Experiment mean = 3580 Ibs./Acre.


Date Seeded: March 2, 1977.

Row Spacing: 30"

Fertilization: 0-100-200 Ibs/acre of N-P20 -K 0, resp.; 50 Ibs N/A
after emergence; 100 Ibs N/A when plants 16-18" tall.


Herbicide:


AAtrex at 2 Ib a.i./acre pre-emergence applied. Paraquat @
k lb ion/A, post-directed when plants 16-18".


Irrigation: Seepage


Date of Harvest: July 6, 1977.











Table 25. Grain yields (dry in Ibs/acre) of grain
sorghum hybrids grown at Dade County, Fl, 1977. 1 /

Brand Hybrid Grain Yield (Ib/A-dry)

Pioneer 8225 2660 a
Dekalb BR-64 2560 ab
Young (FMC) Early Oro 2480 abc
Growers GSA 1334 BR 2330 a-d
Asgrow Dorado M 2280 a-e
NK Savanna 3 2280 a-e
Dekalb E-59 2270 a-e
Young (FMC) Oro-Y 2170 a-e
Dekalb F-67 2120 a-f
Young (FMC) Oro-DR 2110 a-g
NK NK 2778 2060 a-g
NK NK 2779 2060 a-g
Growers Exp. 73022 2030 a-g
McCurdy M 51YG 1990 b-h
Young (FMC) Oro 1870 c-i
Acco DR 1085 1770 d-i
Dekalb D-55 1720 d-i
Dekalb D-60 1630 e-i
'Pioneer 8272 1510 f-i
Young (FMC) Oro-T 1460 g-i
Dekalb C-42Y 1360 hi
Dekalb E-57 1330 i


Average


2000


+Means followed by the same letter are not
ficantly different. Duncan's LSD, K=100.


signi-


Date of Seedling: May 20, at AREC Homestead on rock soil.

Row Spacing: 36"
Fertilization: 60-120-120 Ibs/A of N-P205-K20.

Herbicide: None

Insecticide: Disyston applied July 22, 1977 at a
rate of 1 qt. of material per acre to control
midges.

Irrigation: None

Date Harvested: September 1, 1977.


1 / Grown at the Warren Woods Farm.






























STATEWIDE SORGHUM AND PEARLMILLET TESTS

SILAGE SORGHUM




_-, I ,,,uQqinuil nyorids grown as
Statewide Sorghum and Millet Trials in 1977.


for silage at several locations in the Florida


BRAND HYBRID JAY GAINES- ONA IMMO- BELLE GLADE AVERAGE
S- VILLE KALEE


013
014
032
036
040
044
047
059
060
061
068
070
072
073
074
075
076
077
194
065
064


Location Average


NK
TE
TE
DeKalb
Funks-
ACCO
NK
DeKalb
Funks
ACCO
GSA
RA(XL)
Funks
NK
McCurdy
Pioneer
Pioneer
Pioneer
Funk
McNair
McNair


11.7


300
Silomaker
TDN
FS-24+
102F
FS-531R
367
FS-25-A
G-650-S
FS-401-R
Growers 30F
Silofill 35
G-103-S
Silomilo
F-75
923
942
947
HW 4060
Energy Plus
Ho-K


5.6


12.5
10.3
10.6
12.1
9.6
14. 8
14.2
11.2
10.7
12.3
14.5
10.5
11.5
14.4
14.5
9.3
9.5
8.3


15.3


5.9
6.0
3.0
4.5
6.2
6.0
5.6
9.5
5.0
6.2
3.2
6.4
6.8
5.2
7.4
5,2
2.6
5.8


11.0


I/ On rototilled seedbed
2/ Seeded into Bermudagrass sod


13.1
13.8
13.6
14.8
17.9


19.4
12.6
11.4
18.0
14.3
12.4
14.3
15.3
18.4
16.2
19.5


14.1


8.7


10.6
9.5
11.0
10.4
10.3


11.0
10.3
11.9
10.6


10.4
11.9
10.8
12.1
9.5
14.1


10.5


1/ 8.5
11.1
9.9
8.3
8.9
8.3
8.8
9.2
8.3
9.7
9.7
9.7
9.7
7.6
7.7
9.2
7.4
7.0


6.0
8.2


4.1
6.6

6.8


V.E. GREEN, JR.


2/ 6:8
6.2
5.8
6.3
6.9
6.9
7.6
8.2
6.2
6.9
6.7
8.2
6.0
5.2
6.5
7.1
5.5
5.6


7.1
9.9
8.7
9.1
9.9
8.3
9.2
11.9
8.9
9.5
10.1
10.6
9.3
9.3
10.4
11.1
8.4
10.3
8.3
8.7
7.4









Table 27.


Forage Sorghum Silage Variety Trial
First Harvest 1977


Agricultural Research Center
Jay, Florida


Entry
NK 367
TE TDN
F75
923
FS531R
30F
FS25A+
Silofill 35
G 650S
102F
947
FS24+
Silomilo
TE Silomaker
942
G103-S
FS-401-R
HW 4060


Entry
HW 4060
TE silomaker
TE TDN
FS24+
102F


Green Forage Total Dry Matter
Brand (Pounds Per Acre) (Pounds Per Acre)
Northrup-King 64,000 18,600
Taylor-Evans 56,700 15,900
McCurdy 55,500 17,200
Pioneer 52,300 18,300
ACCO 52,300 14,600
Growers 50,200 15,100
DeKalb 49,800 15,400
Ring Around 47,300 15,600
Funk 44,800 14,800
Funk 43,200 15,100
Pioneer 42,500 13,600
DeKalb 41,300 12,400
Northrup-King 39,800 13,900
Taylor-Evans 39,500 14,200
Pioneer 39,000 12,900
Funk 37,700 13,200
ACCO 32,300 11,000
Funk 32,200 11,600


Height
(Inches)
66
64
73
57
68


FS531R 104
NK 367 107
FS25A+ 79
G650S 57
FS-401-R 64
30F 72
Silofill 35 70
G103-S 57
Silonilo 65
F-75 78
923 85
942 87
947 82

Continued ---


Lodged
(%)
0
0
0
0
0
2
12
3
1
5
0
1
1
0
2
1
2
1


Oven-Dry Grain
(Pounds Per Acre)
7400
6800
7100
7100
6400
6200
5400
6100
6200
6200
3900
5600
5300
5700
3500
5500
5100
4800


Insect Damage Bird Damage
(0=none; 10=total) (0=none; 10=total)
1 0
1 0


1 1
1 1
1 0








So r.gh~ sj 1.ge,_

Entry
HW 4060
TE Silomaker
TE TDN
FS24+
102F
FS531R
N(36 7
FS25A+
G650S
FS-401-R
30F
Silofill 35
G103-S
Silomilo
F-75
923
942
947


Entry
IIW 4060
TE Silomaker
TE TDN
FS24+
102F
FS531R
NK 367
FS25A+
G650S
FS-401R
30F
Silofill 35
G103-S
Silomilo
F-75
923
942
947


iao.te L
1st_ Harvest. Jay, 1977(Continued)
Date Date Disease at Heading
Headed Harvested (0=none; l0=total)
20 June 22 July 1
19 June 22 July 1
27 June 1 Aug. 1
26 June 22 July 2
18 June 22 July 1
27 June 22 July 1
28 June 22 July 1
28 June 22 July 1
22 June 27 July 1
17 June 22 July 1
26 June 22 July 1
16 June 22 July 1
18 June 22 July 1
29 June 27 July 1
20 June 22 July 1
30 June 1 Aug. 1
2 July 5 Aug. 1
2 July 5 Aug. 1


Green
% Heads*
26
27
23
27
24
22
22
22
24
28
25
25
28
29
22
23
17
19


UeiJ-ht Basis
Z Leave X ftalk
21 53
22 51
20 57
23 50
16 60
14 64
15 63
19 59
20 56
17 55
17 58
17 58
21 51
21 50
16 62
23 54
19 64
17 64


Disease at Harvest
(0-none; 10=total)
3
3
2
4
3
2
2
2
3
4
2
3
3
3
3
3
2
3


Dry Weight Basis_
% Head* % Leaves % Stalk
51 16 33
51 16 33
49 17 34
53 19 28
48 15 37
50 14 36
46 14 40
45 16 39
50 16 34
57 13 30
52 16 32
53 14 33
58 17 25
51 17 32
51 15 34
46 20 34
35 17 48
37 15 48


*Includes rachis.


Planted:
Soil Type:
Fertilizer:

Chemicals:


April 7, 1977.
Red Bay fine sandy loam (Rhodic Paleudult)
Pre-plant application of 400 pounds per acre of 8-24-24; side-
dressed with 400 pounds per acre of ammonium nitrate on May 3.
Furadan 10 granules at 20 pounds per acre in the furrow on April
7; Atrazine at 2 pounds per acre and dinitro at 1-1-1/2 gallons
per acre immediately following planting. Lannate at 1/2 pound per
acre on July 6 and July 11.







Table 28.


Forage Sorghum Silage Variety Trial
Second Harvest 1977

Agricultural Research Center
Jay, Florida


Entry
F75
Silofill 35
FS25A+
NK367
30F
TE Silomaker
102F
FS401-R
G650S
923
G103-S
FS24+
Silomilo
TE TDN
FS531R
HW4060
942
947


Brand
McCurdy
Ring Around
DeKalb
Northrup-King
Growers
Taylor-Evans
Funk
ACCO
Funk
Pioneer
Funk
DeKalb
Northrup-King
Taylor-Evans
ACCO
Funk
Pioneer
Pioneer


Green Forage Total Dry Matter Oven-Dry Grain
(Pounds Per Acre) (Pounds Per Acre) (Pounds Per Acre)
57,800 11,600 1,860
53,300 12,800 3,580
51,500 12,900 1,810
48,000 11,000 440
47,200 9,400 940
46,800 10,800 3,130
45,300 9,100 2,820
45,300 10,400 2,810
39,500 7,500 980
39,500 10,700 1,390
38,500 7,700 2,080
33,500 8,700 1,740
32,200 9,000 2,070
31,000 4,700 140
28,200 5,100 200
25,000 5,000 50
23,700 5,700 340
21,300 5,300 900


Height
Entry (Inches)
HW4060 92
TE Silomaker 106
TE TDN 89
FS24+ 73
102F 110
FS531R 117
NK 367 120
FS25A+ 112
G650S 80
FS-401-R 100
30F 109
Silofill 35 109
G-103-S 98
Silomilo 96
F-75 118
923 117
942 114
947 100


Lodged
0
33
2
0
19
28
35
8
0
40
27
50
6
1
38
6
8
3


Insect Danage
(0=none; 10=total)
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1


Bird Damage
(0=none; 10=total)
9
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0


1 0
- m


Continued ---


_~






Table 28
Sorghum silage, 2d Harvest, Jay, 1977 (Continued)
- - - - - - -


Date Maturity D
Entry Headed At Harvest*
HW4060 21 Sept Dough
TE Silomaker 3 Oct Dough
TE TDN 5 Oct Late milk
FS24+ 7 Oct Late ilk
102F 3 Oct Dough
FS531R 21 Oct Milk
NK 367 24 Oct Milk
FS25A+ 3 Oct Milk
G650S 1 Oct Milk
FS-401-R 2 Oct Dough
30F 10 Oct Late milk
Silofill 35 3 Oct Dough
G103-S 3 Oct Dough
Silonilo 5 Oct Late milk
F-75 4 Oct Early dough
923 10 Oct Milk
942 30 Sept Late milk
947 30 Sept Late milk
*All harvested on 15 Nov 77 because of lo
was harvested on October 27.


disease at Heading
0=none; 10=total)
2
2
2
3
3
5
5
3
2
2
3
2
3
2
3
4


2
2
w temperatures


Disease at Harvest
(O=none; 10=total)
3
4
5
4
4
5
5
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4


except "IHW


5 (Rust)
5
4060' which


Entry
H114060
TE Silomaker
TE TDN
FS24+
102F
FS531R
NK 367
FS25A+
G650S
FS-401-R
30F
Silofill 35
G103-S
Silomilo
F-75
923
942
947


Green Weight Basis
% Heads* % Leaves % Stalk
1 13 86
19 4 77
9 4 86
23 13 64
17 3 80
3 4 93
3 5 92
15 9 76
16 13 71
20 6 74
13 5 82
19 4 77
21 2 77
25 8 67
14 3 83
19 7 74
12 3 85
25 5 70


Dry Weight Basis
% Heads* % Leaves % Stalk
2 7 91
39 6 55
8 9 83
33 19 48
40 6 54
6 3 91
6 10 84
24 9 67
26 16 58
36 12 52
20 5 75
35 9 56
46 4 50
36 16 48
24 5 71
21 14 65
17 2 81
39 5 56


1Includes rachis.

Fertilizer for ratoon crop 200 pounds per acre of ammonium nitrate on August 8.





Table 29. Average yields of silage Sorghum hybrids, Gainesville, 1975-1977.

Acc. BRAND HYBRID YIELDS, TONS PER ACRE, GREEN AND DRY WEIGHT, THREE YEARS
No. 1977 1976 1975 3-year average
Green Dry Green Dry Green Dry Green Dry


Grown 3-years 1977-1976-1975
59 DeKalb FS-25A
40 Funk":s 102-F
32 Taylor-Evans TDN
14 Talor-Evans Silomaker
61 ACCO FS-410R
60 Funk's 650-S
Average

Grown two years 1977-1976
36 DeKalb FS-24+
68 Growers 30-F
22 Funk's G-103-S
70 Ring Around (XL) Silofill
13 Northrup-King NK-300


Grown for the first
74 McCurdy
73 Northrup-King


Pioneer
Pioneer
Pioneer


Average

time in 1977
F-75
Silomi lo
(X4300)


947
923
942
Average


13.7
12.5
12.9
11.5
12.2
10.9
12.3


12.2
9.6
10.7
11.8
9.2
10.7


11.2
10.9


10.6
11.2
9.6
10.7


5.6
3.7
1.8
3.6
4.2
2.4
3.6


2.4
1.3
4.3
3.9
3.6
4.7


18.3
15.4
17.3
13.2
15.1
14.2
15.6


14.8
14.5
13.1
14.8
11.5
13.7


5.7
4.5
4.3
3.4
4.4
4.4
4.5


5.2
4.5
4.3
4.1
3.2
4.3


26.8
17.1
16.5
18.0
16.5
16:8
18.6


5.1
3.1
3.3
2.8
3.0
2.3
3.3


4.8
3.2


19.6 5.5
15.0 3.8
15.6 3.1
14.2 3.3
14.2 3.9
14.0 3.0
(15.4) (3.8)

2-year average
13.5 3.8
12.1 2.9
11.9 4.3
13.3 4.0
10.4 3.4
(12.2) (3.7)

1-year average
11.2 4.8
10.9 3.2


10.6
11.2
9.6
(10.7)


3.2
1.7
1.1
(2.8)


Trial Average, these hybrids


11.6


14.7


4.4


V.E. GREEN, JR.


18.6


3.3


(13.0)


(3.4)


---


---


_


_ _






-... ,- i i ouyu yur ras grown as tor silage production at the Agronomy Farm,
University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 1976.
Plant Dry Matter Entire Plants Dry Grain in the
Ht. Total yield IVOMD Silage IVOMD
BRAND HYBRID cm. Tons/Acre % T/A % T/A lb/A % %
Pennington Pennsilage A 277 18.6 37.1 6.9 59.3 4.1 260 2 52.9
Northrup-King 367 287 19.6 34.6 6.8 60.3 4.1 360 3 40.4
DeKalb FA-25a 208 18.3 31.0 5.7 62.1 3.5 1900 17 73.2
McNair HO-K 221 19.5 29.3 5.7 62.5 3.6 1840 16 72.2
DeKalb FS-24 163 14.8 35.3 5.2 57.5 3.0 2160 21 77.9
Taylor-Evans Milkmaker 196 15.4 29.1 4.5 61.1 2.7 1860 21 80.6
Growers 30-F 185 14.5 31.1 4.5 64.4 2.9 40 0 80.7
Funks 102-F 191 12.1 25.5 4.4 60.6 2.7 2200 25 78.3
ACCO FS-401-R 178 15.1 29.0 4.4 60.7 2.7 2550 29 76.8
Pennington Pennsilage 185 13.1 33.4 4.4 63.5 2.8 990 11 75.9
Funks 650--S 152 14.2 30.9 4.4 65.4 2.8 40 0 42.9
Funks G-103-S 163 13.1 32.9 4.3 62.6 2.7 2360 27 61.9
Taylor-Evans TDN 173 17.3 25.1 4,3 61.1 2.6 1280 15 74.7
Ring Around Silofill 35 178 14.8 27.6 4.1 62.9 2.6 1090 13 59.3
McNair Energy Plus 178 12.3 29.8 3.7 64.9 2.4 120 2 81.5
NAPB(FP) 55F 191 14.2 25.2 3.6 60.6 2.2 3320 46 74.9
Taylor-Evans Silomaker 165 13.2 26.1 3.4 59.8 2.0 1670 25 82.0
Northrup-King 300 152 11.5 22.9 3.2 57.5 1.8 3250 51 79.3

Average 191 15.4 30.1 4.6 61.5 1.1 1820 36 70.5


Planted April 14; Harvested August 2-17; 3-row plots, rows 3 feet apart. Averages of 4
Fertilized at planting with 700 Ibs per acre 4-8-16, plus one gallon per acre nemagon.
Arredondo fine sand. 1/ BT = Bird tolerant. IVOMD analyses by Miss Janet Ferguson, to
Regression equation of yield on height was calculated as: Y = 0.061X + 0.071.

1/ These are the latest IVOMD data available as of the publication date of this research
of this quality measurement results in laboratory backlog of about one year.


replications. No irrigation.
Sidressed w/250 Ibs NH NO .
whom appreciation is given.


report. The extreme popularity


v.e. green, jr.





Table 31. Agronomic characteristics of
First Harvest, July 22.


18 sorghum hybrids grown for silage at Gainesville, FL.


Acc. BRAND HYBRID Height Heading Yields, Yields, Yields, Bird Test Wt., Moisture,
No. in Date Days Total Seed Heads Grains Damage Grain, Grain,
Inches June No. Tons/A Tons/A Lbs/A to Grain Lbs./Bu %
Fresh Dry Dry % Dry


013
014
032
036
040
044
047
059
060
061
068
070
072
073
074
075
076
077


300
Silomaker
TDN
FS-24+
102F
FS-531R
367
FS-25-4
G-650-S
FS-401-R
Growers 30F
Silofill 35
G-103-S
Silomilo (X04300)
F-75
923
942
947


9.2
11.5
12.9
12.2
12.5
15.7
12.9
13.7
10.9
12.2
9.6
11.8
10.7
10.9
11.2
11.2
9.6
10.6


4100
5510
740
1630
3960
3020
2490
2190
1710
4610
330
4480
4610
3280
5140
1720
580
3290


Average 64 12 76 11.6 3.2 2980 22 56 11.94


Planted March 28.


3-row plots. Rows 3-feet apart. Harvested July 22, or 114 days later. Total fresh yields


include weights of heads and grain.


V.E. GREEN, JR.


12.00
12.35
11.00
11.65
11.99
10.27
10.72
11.68
12.15
12.18


12.53
12.52
12.25
12.49
12.39
11.32
11.32


NK
TE
TE
DeKalb
Funks
ACCO
NK
DeKalb
Funks
ACCO
GSA
RA(XL)
Funks
NK
McCurdy
Pioneer
Pioneer
Pioneer


1977.






Table 32. Agronomic characteristics of 18 Silage Sorghum Hybrids. Ratoon crop,


Gainesville, FL.


1977.


Acc. BRAND HYBRID Ht., Flower midpoint Yields, Tons/Acre Dry matter, %
No. in. Date Days Fresh Dry

013 NK 300 61 9-21 61 6.3 2.3 36.3
014 TE Silomaker 80 9-11 52 6.1 2.4 39.2
032 TE TDN 69 9-20 60 6.2 1.2 19.6
036 DeKalb FS-24+ 65 9-20 60 6.0 2.1 35.1
040 Funks 102F 79 9-21 61 9.7 2.5 25.3
044 ACCO FS-531R 93 9-29 69 7.1 2.2 30.8
047 NK 367 83 10-11 81 4.7 2.2 46.7
059 DeKalb FS-25A+ 84 9-19 59 9.4 3.9 41.1
060 Funks G-650-S 63 9-20 60 5.9 2.6 43.8
061 ACCO FS-401R 79 9-20 60 5.8 2.0 34.2
068 GSA 30F 74 9-24 64 7.7 1.9 25.3
070 RA Silofill 35 75 9-27 67 7.5 2.5 33.7
072 Funks G-103-S 65 9-29 69 7.6 2.5 32.8
073 NK Silomilo 63 9-28 68 6.5 2.0 30.5
074 McCurdy F-75 94 9-28 68 10.0 2.6 25.7
075 Pioneer 923 98 9-21 61 9.5 3.5 36.5
076 Pioneer 942 84 9-28 68 4.2 1.5 35.2
077 Pioneer 947 79 9-22 62 7.1 2.6 36.2


Average 77 9-24 64 7.0 2.4 33.8

Planted March 28. First Harvest July 22; Ratoon Harvest November 10. Growing Season of 227 days.
3-row plots, 3 feet apart, east and west. Field W-l Agronomy Farm, Campus. Ratoon harvest following
two frosts.
V.E. GREEN, JR.








Table 33.

Dry matter yields (T/A) of forage sorghum hybrids tested at the Ona,
ARC, 1973-1977.


Dry matter yield (tons/acre)


Brand Hybrid

Grown any four years 1973-1977
Funks 102 F
T.E. Milkmaker
Dekalb FS 24

Grown any three years 1973-1977
McNair Energy Plus
T.E. TDN
Acco FS 531-R
Funks G 650S
Penn Pennsilage

Grown any one or two years 1973-1977
Penn Pennsilage A
Dekalb FS 25A
Pioneer 947
Pioneer 923
Growers 30 F
Pioneer 942
T.E. Silomaker
McCurdy F 75
R.A. Silofill 35
N.K. Silomilo
Funks G 103 S
Average


1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 Ave.


10.1
9.3
7.5



m--



9.1















9.0
--
9.0


6.1
5.9
4.5





8.9
4.3


--
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
5.9


-- 13.7
9.8 15.2
-- 13.4


8.8
10.3
6.4

8.4















8.7


16.9
11.3

13.3
11.5


20.6
20.5


15.2

14.8

12.7

12.7
14.8


Seeding Dates: 1973, 3-13; 1974, 3-6; 1975, 3-14; 1976, 3-10; 1977, 3-3.


14.8

13.6


14.1
13.8
17.9
12.6





19.4
19.5
19.4
18.0
16.2
15.3
15.3
14.2
13.1
12.4
15.6


11.2
10.1
9.8


13.3
11.8
11.1
10.1
9.6


20.6
20.0
19.5
19.4
16.6
16.2
15.1
15.3
13.5
13.1
12.6








Table 34.


Agronomic characteristics of forage sorghums grown at the Ona ARC, 1977.


Hybrid
947
FS 25A
923
30 F
FS-531-R
942
F 75
Silomaker
102 F
Silofill 35
Energy Plus
TDN
FS 24
Silomilo
G 650 S
G 103 S
FS-401-R


1
6/2/77


Harvest
2
8/26/77


3
11/6/77


4J 4j 41
CU ca 1 .0 cu
4-1 04 00 4- 00 0-
.-' -1- C -
0 .1 (U *i-4l (U *p4
Wu 0 b 0 00 0 0 00
R3 to 'o m a r o j g
*r4 CO r4 Q *,-4 CO r4 Q ,-4 M i4
r4) 03 *-4 0 44
i aV S S a 'O B


7.1
7.0
7.3
6.8
6.9
S7.3
6.4
6.4
6.2
6.4
6.3
6.1
6.4
6.4
6.3
6.4
5.9


8.5
8.9
9.5
8.8
9.9
8.9
9.3
8.6
8.6
8.5
7.8
7.0
7.0
7.6
7.3
8.0
8.5


7.3
5.5
7.1
5.5
5.8
6.8
6.8
6.4
5.6
6.8
5.4
5.5
5.5
4.0
5.1
4.9
5.8


20
18
24
19
16
24
20
21
18
20
19
19
19
14
19
20
18


Brand
Pioneer
Dekalb
Pioneer
Growers
Acco
Pioneer
McCurdy
T.E.
Funks
R.A.
McNair
T.E.
Dekalb
N.K.
Funks
Funks
Acco


Disease rated on a scale from 1 to 10. l=none; 10=100% leaf area
affected. Disease primarily anthracnose and Helminthosporium spp.









Table 35.

Dry matter
ARC, 1977.


yield (T/A) of forage sorghum hybrids tested at the Ona


Hybrid


947
FS 25 A
923
30F
FS-531-R
942
F 75
Silomaker
102 F
Silomilo 35
Energy Plus
TDN
FS 24
Silomaker
G 650 S
G 103 S
FS-401-R


1
6/2/77

7.2 abc
7.1 abc
7.5 ab
6.3 abc
8.2 a
8.2 a
6.8 abc
7.1 abc
7.2 abc
5.1 c
6.6 abc
6.9 abc
6.2 abc
5.9 bc
5.1 c
5.6 bc
5.0 c
6.6


Harvest
2
8/26/77
Tons/A- -
# 9.7 ab
10.3 a
7.5 cde
9.4 abc
8.2 bcd
6.0 ef
5.9 ef
5.7 ef
5.3 c
6.0 ef
6.2 def
5.7 ef
5.4 c
5.5 ef
5.6 ef
4.8 c
4.9 c
6.6


Means within columns followed by the same letter
different. Duncan's LSD, K=100.


are not significantly


Date Seeded: March 3, 1977.

Row Spacing: 18".

Fertilization: 0-92-184 Ibs/A N-P20-K20, resp.; 50 lbs N/A after
emergence; 100 Ibs NA when plants 16 to 18" tall;
100 Ibs/A applied after harvest 1 and 2.


Herbicide:


AAtrex @ 2 Ibs a.i./acre, preemergence. Paraquat @ k lb
acid/acre, post-directed when plants were 18-24".
Paraquat @ k Ib acid/acre broadcast over stubble after
harvest 1 and 2.


Irrigation: Overhead (10.6").


Brand

Pioneer
Dekalb
Pioneer
Growers
Acco
Pioneer
McCurdy
T.E.
Funks
R.A.
McNair
T.E.
Dekalb
N.K.
Funks
Funks
Acco
Average


3
11/6/77

2.6 bc
2.0 c-f
3.4 a
2.3 cde
1.5 fg
2.0 c-f
2.6 bcd
2.5 cd
2.3 cde
3.2 ab
1.3 fg
1.2 g
2.0 c-f
1.7 efg
1.9 def
2.0 c-f
1.5 fg
2.1


Total

19.5 a
19.4 a
18.4 ab
18.0 abc
17.9 abc
16.2 bcd
15.3 cde
15.3 cde
14.8 def
14.3 def
14.1 d-g
13.8 d-g
13.6 d-g
13.1 efg
12.6 efg
12.4 fg
11.4 g
15.3









Table 36.


Agronomic characteristics of forage sorghums grown at the Immokalee ARC,
1977.

Harvest


Hybrid
947
923
FS-401-R
Silomilo
FS 24
FS 25A
F 75
Silomaker
30 F
Energy Plus
102 F
G 103-S
G 650-S
FS 531R
TDN
942


1
6/1/77


2
9/1/77


3
11/15/77


S I II
4 4 4J
4I1 00 J W4-W 4J WI

'-' CU'* .= 02 C .d (2
'u W a I 0U n 4 M V
JJ 02(O JJ 02 4-) Q *rl (a
0 O B-S S a0 'H g 0^ H at B^ B


6.3
6.3
6.3
6.1
6.0
5.8
5.8
5.9
5.7
6.0
5.8
5.6
5.5
5.8
5.7
5.8


7.6
7.8
6.8
6.6
6.6
7.8
7.9
7.7
6.5
7.0
7.0
6.5
5.5
7.8
6.6
7.3


7.1
6.9
6.6
6.0
5.9
5.8
6.4
6.4
5.9
5.7
5.9
5.8
5.2
6.0
5.8
5.4


Brand
Pioneer
Pioneer
Acco
N.K.
Dekalb
Dekalb
McCurdy
T.E.
Growers
McNair
Funks
Funks
Funks
Acco
T.E.
Pioneer


SDisease rated on a scale 1 to 10. l=none; 10=100% of leaf area
infected. Disease primarily anthracnose and Helminthosporium spp.












Table 37.


Dry matter yield (T/A) of


Brand Hybrid


Pioneer
Pioneer
Acco
N.K.
Dekalb
Dekalb
McCurdy
T.E.
Growers
McNair
Funks
Funks
Funks
Acco
T.E.
Pioneer
Average


947
923
FS-401-R
Silomilo
FS 24
FS 25A
F 75
Silomaker
30F
Energy Plus
102 F
G 103-S
G 650-S
FS 531-R
TDN
942


forage sorghum tested at the Immokalee ARC, 1977.


1
6/1/77

4.7 abcf
3.9 a-d
3.8 b-e
5.1 a
4.8 abc
3.8 b-e
3.2 de
2.9 e
3.8 a-d
2.7 c
3.2 de
3.2 de
3.6 cde
4.8 ab
3.0 de
3.7 b-e
3.8


Harvest
2
9/1/77
-Tons/A-
5.7 ab
5.8 a
6.1 a
5.0 abc
4.7 abc
4.5 abc
5.8 a
4.6 abc
4.0 be
4.6 abc
5.8 a
4.5 abc
4.6 abc
4.8 abc
4.6 abc
3.4 c
4.9


3
11/25/77

3.7 a
2.4 a-d
2.0 bcd
1.8 cde
2.2 abc
2.7 abc
1.8 cde
3.1 ab
2.8 abc
3.2 ab
1.4 de
2.7 a-d
2.1 bcd
0.7 e
1.9 cd
2.4 a-d
2.3


Total

14.1 a
12.1 ab
11.9 ab
11.9 ab
11.0 ab
11.0 ab
10.8 ab
10.6 ab
10.6 ab
10.5 ab
10.4 ab
10.4 ab
10.3 ab
10.3 ab
9.5 b
9.5 b
11.0


Means within columns followed by
different. Duncan's LSD, K=100.


the same letter are not significantly


Date Seeded: March 2, 1977.

Row Spacing: 30"

Fertilization: 0-100-200 Ibs/A of N-P20 -K00, resp.; 50 Ib N/A after emergence;
100 Ibs N/A when plants 16-18" tall; 100 lbs N/A after harvest
1 and 2.


Herbicide:


AAtrex @ 2 Ibs a.i./acre, pre-emergence. Paraquat @ l Ib acid/acre,
post-directed when plants 16-18" tall. Paraquat @ l Ib acid/A
broadcast over stubble after harvest 1 and 2.


Irrigation: Seepage.




TABLE 38.
1977 FORAGE SORGHUM VARIETY TRIAL Ranked according to Dry Wt. Yields of 3 replicates on prepared seed-bed.
AREC BELLE GLADE.
--


BRAND

Taylor-Evans
Taylor-Evans
ACCO
Excell
Funk

Growers
Pioneer
Dekalb
Funk
Northrup-King

Northrup-King
ACCO
Funk
Dekalb
McNair

McCurdy
Northrup-King
Pioneer
Pioneer
McNair


Trial Average


VARIETY

Silomaker
TDN
FS-401-R
Silo Fill 35
G-103-S

30-F
923
FS-25A
102-F
367

300
FS-531-R
G-650-S
FS-24
Ho- K

F-75
Silomilo
942
947
Energy Plus


10TILLED SEth-BED 3 R S


DUNCAN
DRY WT. MULTIPLE
T/A RANGE

11.08 A
9.88 AB
9.71 AB
9.68 AB
9.66 AB


9.65
9.22
9.20
8.93
8.77

8.53
8.34
8.33
8.33
8.19

7.65
7.63
7.37
6.98
6.03

8.66


AB
ABC
ABCD
ABCD
BCD

BCD
BCD
BCD
BCD
BCD

BCDE
BCDE
CDE
DE
E


HEIGHT
INCHES

118
107
118
125
110

124
139
120
111
125

106
138
100
92
134

138
103
116
108
90

115


DISEASE
RATING

5.7
5.7
5.3
6.3
5.3


7.0
6.7
6.3
7.3
6.0

7.0
4.3
7.0
7.3
2.0


5.7
6.0
3.3
3.7
2.3

5.5


SOD-SEEDED 3 REPLICATES


DRY WT.
T/A

6.72
5.80
6.94
8.22
5.98

6.72
7.05
8.16
6.86
7.57

6.81
6.90
6.22
6.25
6.61

6.48
5.18
5.45
5.62
4.08


6.48


UUNCAN
MULTIPLE
RANGE

AB
AB
AB
A
AB

AB
AB
A
AB
A

AB
AB
AB
AB
AB


AB
AB
AB
AB
B


HEIGHT
INCHES

102
90
111
109
95

105
115
106
97
110

91
128
93
79
115


122
85
90
95
77


DISEASE
RATING

5.0
2.3
3.3
5.7
4.0

5.0
3.3
5.3
4.0
6.0

2.3
3.7
6.0
4.0
1.3

3.3
4.3
3.0
2.7
1.0


3.8


I A
* Part of Sod-Seeded area compacted by previous tractor and vehicle traffic, causing variable nitrification
of the organic soil, consequently variable seedling vigor and subsequent growth, and so much variation
within and between the Sod-Seeded replicates that there was very little statistical significance. However,
note that 8 out of 10 top varieties on Rototilled Seed-bed are also in top 10 on Sod.


Soil: Everglades Peat;
Planted May,20; Plots 4
sod. Harvested at soft


Fertilizer: 0-10-20 + ME @ 400 Ib/A (448 kg/ha);
rows 16" by 13,; 3. replicates in Rotopilled Seed-bed, 3-drilled into Bermudagrass
to hard dough stage, early to mid August, 8' 2" of two center rows.


Height plot average to seed-head; Disease rating 0 10 (none to severe).






























STATEWIDE SORGHUM AND PEARLMILLET TESTS

SUMMER ANNUAL GRASSES

SORGHUM X SUDANGRASS CROSSES
AND
PEARLMILLET












Table 39. Average yields of pearlmillet for forage in dry matter per acre in
the Florida Statewide Sorghum and Millet Tests. at four locations
in 1977.

Acc. Yields, Tons per acre at indicated location
No. BRAND HYBRID Jay Gaines- Ona Immokalee Avg.
A- ville

043 Ring Around Millhy 5.3 7.2 6.7 --- 6.4

050 USDA/GaAES Gahi 3 7.4 9.8 14.0 --- 10.4

060 NK Millex 23 5.0 7.1 7.0 5.1 6.1

064 Pennington Southgraze 5.4 6.7 --- "6.1

100 McCurdy Grazex 6.7 9.7 10.0 5.1 7.9

105 Growers Pearlgro 421 5.0 8.5 8.0 4.7 6.7

107 NK Sawan 1001 6.4 9.3 --- --- 7.9

108 Funks G112 5.6 8.0 7.2 4.8 6.4

112 NK X-7540 5.3 9.7 --- --- 7.5


--- Location Average 5.8 8.5 7.9 5.0 (6.8)
-- Location Average 5.8 8.5 7.9 5.0 (6.8)


V.E. GREEN, JR.









Average Dry Matter Production of Summer Annual Grasses


Agricultural Research Center
Jay, Florida


Entry

Gahi-3 (M)*
Millhy 99 (M)
Millex 23 (M)
Southgraze (M)
Sordan 70A
TE Haygrazer
Summergrazer
Trudan 5
Sudax SX-17
Gro-N-Graze-R
S-99


1977
14,730
10,650
10,000
10,730
9,630
9,030
9,410
9,410
8,270
7,940
5,430


1976
14,220
10,640
11,400
8,750
11,440
10,230
8,130
9,720
9,230
7,920
8,180


Pounds Per Acre
1975 1974 1973 1971
---- -----16,300
10,260 ---- ---- -----
9,130 ---- ---- -----
------ 9,890----
6,820 ---- ---- -----
7,550 ---- ---- -----
7,250 ---- ----------
---- --- 5,340-----
6,160 --- --- ----
7,640 ------- ----
5,540 --- --- ----


Average
15,080
10,520
10,180
9,790
9,300
8,940
8,260
8,160
7,890
7,830
6,380


*M indicates millet


















Table Average Total Dry Matter Production of Sorghum Varieties

Agricultural Research Center
Jay, Florida

Pounds Per Acre
Variety 1977 1976 1975 Average
NK367 29,600 26,700 24,900 27,100
TE Silomaker 25,000 20,200 21,600 22,300
102F 24,200 17,400 18,300 20,000
G650S 22,300 17,000 17,500 18,900
FS-401-R 21,400 10,900 23,400 18,600
TE TDN 20,600 17,400 14,100 17,400


Table 40.








Table 41. Height of Summer Annual Grasses at Harvest


Agricultural Research Center
Jay, Florida
1977


Entry
Millet:
Gahi-3
Grazex
Sawan 1001
G-112
Southgraze
Millhy 99
X-7540
Millex 23
Pearl-gro 421


May 19 June 6
20 51
31 51
25 54
32 53
33 54
31 51
27 52
26 50
32 51


Sorghum-Sudangrass:
Sordan 70A 34 49 45 60 47 36
Trudan 5 39 50 42 60 48 42
Summergrazer 39 49 45 59 49 37
TE Haygrazer 39 50 45 59 51 35
86F 36 49 43 60 48 44
Sweet Sioux IV 37 46 43 55 39 41
SX-16A Sudax 30 44 38 54 39 36
Sweet-M 41 45 44 58 46 39
SX-17 Sudax 33 45 39 59 41 35
11 39 49 43 56 45 35
Wondergraze 35 47 42 55 43 36
Gro-N-Graze-R 36 48 41 56 44 39
83F 34 47 41 59 45 41
FP-1 33 46 40 59 46 36
S-99 30 39 32 47 35 32


Planted:
Fertilizer:


Chemicals:


Soil:


April 7, 1977
400 pounds per acre of 8-24-24 on 24 March; 400 pounds per acre of
ammonium nitrate on 3 May; 100 pounds per acre of ammonium nitrate
on 9 June and on 8 Aug.
Furadan 10 granules at 20 pounds per acre in the furrow on 7 April;
2 lbs. atrazine and 1-1/2 gals. dinitro per acre as a pre-emergent
herbicide on 7 April; Sevin at 2 pounds per acre on 13 June and 27
July to control chinch bugs and budworm; 2,4-D at 2 qts. per acre
on 18 August to control broadleaf weeds.
Red Bay fine sandy loam (Rhodic Paleudult).


Inches


June 27
37
39
41
44
49
41
42
36
41


July 26
61
58
63
58
61
48
56
53
47


Aug. 3
58
54
51
47
41
39
41
44
42


i1 Oct. 4
56
41
45
33
33
30
26
40
31


Inches








Table 42. Disease of Summer Annual Grasses at Harvest


Agricultural Research Center
Jay, Florida
1977


Entry M
Millet:
Gahi-3
Grazex
Sawan 1001
G-112
Southgraze
Millhy 99
X-7540
Millex 23
Pearl-rpo 421


ay 19 June 6 June 27 July 26 Aug. 31 Oct. 4


0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
- 0_


0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
S- 0-


1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1


2
4
4
4
4
3
5
3
-- -.


Sorghum-Sudangrass:
Sordan 70A 1 1 0 1 3 2
Trudan 5 0 1 0 1 3 3
Summergrazer 1 1 0 1 2 2
TE Haygrazer 0 0 0 1 2 3
86F 0 1 0 1 3 3
Sweet Sioux IV 0 1 0 1 2 2
SX-16A Sudax 1 1 0 1 2 2
Sweet-M 0 0 0 1 3 3
SX-17 Sudax 0 1 0 1 3 2
11 0 1 0 1 2 2
Wondergraze 1 0 0 1 2 2
Gro-N-Graze-R 0 1 0 1 3 2
83F 0 0 0 1 2 2
FP-1 0 0 0 1 2 2
S-99 1 1 0 1 2 2


0 = no disease; 10 = complete coverage.


Planted:
Fertilizer:


Chemicals:


Soil:


April 7, 1977
400 pounds per acre of 8-24-24 on 24 March; 400 pounds per acre of
ammonium nitrate on 3 May; 100 pounds per acre of ammonium nitrate
on 9 June and on 8 Aug.
Furadan 10 granules at 20 pounds per acre in the furrow on 7 April;
2 lbs. atrazine and 1-1/2 gals. dinitro per acre as a pre-emergent
herbicide on 7 April; Sevin at 2 pounds per acre on 13 June and 27
July to control chinch bugs and budworm; 2,4-D at 2 qts. per acre
on 18 August to control broadleaf weeds.
Red Bay fine sandy loam (Rhodic Paleudult).


NOTE:


-----


Agricultural Research Center
Jay, Florida
1977







Maturity of Summer Annual Grasses at Harvest


Agricultural Research Center
Jay, Florida
1977


Entry
Millet:
Uahi-3
Grazex
Sawan 1001
G-112
Southgraze
Millhy 99
X-7540
Millex 23
Pearl-gro 421
-----------------------


Sorghum-Sudangrass:
bordan /UA
Trudan 5
Summergrazer
TE Haygrazer
86F
Sweet Sioux IV
SX-16A Sudax
Sweet-M
SX-17 Sudax
11
Wondergraze
Gro-N-Graze-R
83F
FP-1
S-99


May 19 June 6 June 27 July 26 Aug. 31


Veg
Veg
Veg
Veg
Veg
Veg
Veg
Veg
Veg


Veg
Veg
Veg
Veg
Veg
Veg
Veg
Veg
Veg
Veg
Veg
Veg
Vag
Veg
Veg


Veg
Veg
Veg
Boot
Boot
Boot
Veg
Veg
-_ -ogt_


Veg
Boot
Veg
Veg
Veg
Veg
Veg
Veg
Veg
Veg
Veg
Veg
Veg
Veg
Veg


Veg
Veg
Veg
Boot
Ant
Boot
Boot
Veg
- oott


Boot
Boot
Veg
Boot
Veg
Boot
Veg
Boot
Boot
Veg
Boot
Boot
Veg
Veg
Veg


Veg
Boot
Boot
Ant
Ant
Ant
Ant
Boot
-. Ant..


Boot
Ant
Ant
Ant
Boot
Boot
Veg
Boot
Boot
Boot
Ant
Boot
Boot
Boot
Veg


Boot
Ant
Boot
Ant
Ant
Ant
Ant
Ant
. Ant -


Veg
Boot
Veg
Veg
Veg
Boot
Veg
Veg
Veg
Boot
Veg
Veg
Veg
Veg
Veg


NOTE: Veg = Vegetative, Ant = anthesis.


Planted:
Fertilizer:


Chemicals:


Soil:


April 7, 1977
400 pounds per acre of 8-24-24 on 24 March; 400 pounds per acre of
ammonium nitrate on 3 May; 100 pounds per acre of ammonium nitrate
on 9 June and on 8 Aug.
Furadan 10 granules at 20 pounds per acre in the furrow on 7 April;
2 lbs. atrazine and 1-1/2 gals. dinitro per acre as a pre-emergent
herbicide on 7 April; Sevin at 2 pounds per acre on 13 June and 27
July to control chinch bugs and budworm; 2,4-D at 2 qts. per acre
on 18 August to control broadleaf weeds.
Red Bay fine sandy loam (Rhodic Paleudult).


Table 43.








Dry Matter Yield of Summer Annual Grasses


Agricultural Research Center
Jay, Florida
1977


Entry
Millet:
Gahi-3
Grazex
Sawan 1001
G-112
Southgraze
Millhy 99
X-7540
Millex 23
Pearl-gro 421


Brand

Ga.AES/USDA
McCurdy
Northrup-King
Funk
Pennington
Ring Around
Northrup-King
Northrup-King
Growers


Sorghum-Sudangrass:
Sordan 70A Northrup-King
Trudan 5 Northrup-King
Summergrazer Pennington
TE Haygrazer Taylor-Evans
86F Funk
Sweet Sioux IV ACCO
SX-16A Sudax DeKalb
Sweet-M McCurdy
SX-17 Sudax DeKalb
11 Growers
Wondergraze Northrup-King
Gro-N-Graze-R George Warner
83F Funk
FP-1 Funk
S-99 ACCO


Planted:
Fertilizer:


Chemicals:


Soil:


April 7, 1977
400 pounds per


Yield In Pounds Per Acre
May 19 June 6 June 27 July 26 Aug. 31 Oct. 4 Total
1150 3960 1960 3880 1920 1860 14,730


2050
1410
1770
1390
1790
1540
1570
2090


1040
1510
1240
960
1080
1210
900
1280
1030
1080
970
1210
890
680
1010


3110
3760
3120
3190
2990
3410
3190
3100


2480
2250
2320
2610
2160
2370
2060
1970
2060
2390
2350
2100
1920
1980
1590


1830
1690
2150
2340
1880
1740
1460
1750


1670
1620
1750
1800
1480
1500
1290
1490
1340
1470
1310
1480
1430
1240
840


2600
3410
2890
2510
2710
2580
2320
1690


3150
2210
2510
1890
2500
2370
3110
2520
2740
2210
2070
1880
2190
2590
1320


2750
1660
970
1080
1050
1110
1000
910


1000
1280
1240
1460
1170
870
740
710
830
780
1090
880
870
860
490


1000
950
260
220
230
220
460
420


290
540
350
310
460
530
360
390
270
260
280
390
380
260
180


13,340
12,880
11,160
10,730
10,650
10,600
10,000
9,960


9,630
9,410
9,410
9,030
8,850
8,850
8,460
8,360
8,270
8,190
8,070
7,940
7,680
71610
5,430


acre of 8-24-24 on 24 March; 400 pounds per acre of


ammonium nitrate on 3 May; 100 pounds per acre of ammonium nitrate
on 9 June and on 8 Aug.
Furadan 10 granules at 20 pounds per acre in the furrow on 7 April;
2 lbs. atrazine and 1-1/2 gals. dinitro per acre as a pre-emergent
herbicide on 7 April; Sevin at 2 pounds per acre on 13 June and 27
July to control chinch bugs and budworm; 2,4-D at 2 qts. per acre
on 18 August to control broadleaf weeds.
Red Bay fine sandy loam (Rhodic Paleudult).


---------


Table 44.








Table 45.


In-vitro digestibility of the organic matter in 29 pearlmillets and
sorghum x sudangrass hybrids grown at Gainesville, Florida, in the


summer of 1976.

Dates of the Four Clippings
BRAND NAME HYBRID First Second Third Fourth
May 20 June 17 July 27 Sept. 30

--------------- VOD,%------ -------
NAPB Pearlex 24 64.5 B-D 69.2 A-E 68.4 A 62.6 AB
GA/USDA Gahi-3 66.3 A-D 70.3 A-E 62.1 B-E 58.2 A-C
NK Millex 23 66.2 A-D 68.7 B-E 65.1 A-C 60.4 A-C
Pennington Southgraze 74.2 B-D 67.9 C-E 58.2 E 57.5 A-C
Funk G Hybrid Millet II 65.5 A-D 69.3 A-E 66.2 AB 59.8 A-C
NAPB Pearlex 37 63.5 CD 69.0 B-E 60.1 C-E 59.8 A-C
McCurdy Grazex 64.5 B-D 66.1 E 61.7 B-E 63.0 AB
Growers Pearl-Gro 421 69.9 A-C 68.0 C-E 59.3 DE 53.9 C
Sawan (NK) 1001 62.7 CD 67.6 C-E 63.8 A-D 61.1 AB
Excel (RA) Millhy 99 63.7 CD 67.2 DE 60.4 C-E 54.1 C
Pennington Summergrazer 67.8 A-C 71.4 A-D 61.3 B-E 60.5 A-C
Taylor-Evans T-E Haygrazer 71.9 A-C 67.6 C-E 60.6 C-E 57.5 A-C
NAPB Mor-Su 11 72.1 A-C 73.2 A 57.0 E 54.7 BC

McNair 711 A 69.2 A-C 69.9 A-E 62.8 B-E 55.7 BC
ACCO Sweet Sioux III 71.1 A-C 71.2 A-E 64.6 A-C 63.0 A
ACCO S-99 68.4 A-C 69.0 B-E 63.7 A-E 61.5 AB
NK Trudan 5 1/ 71.3 A-C 70.2 A-E 63.8 A-D 55.8 BC
Funk G 83 F 70.2 A-C 70.6 A-E 61.0 C-E 53.7 C
NK Sordan 70A 69.8 A-C 69.5 A-E 60.5 C-E 63.4 A
DeKalb Sudax SX-17 69.1 A-C 72.8 AB 60.9 C-E 62.2 AB
NAPB Saxon 71.2 A-C 70.9 A-E 64.4 A-D 56.7 A-C
Geo. Warner Gro-N-Graze R 67.7 A-C 70.9 A-E 61.0 C-E 56.6 A-C
Funk G 86 F 56.5 D 71.8 A-C 60.4 C-E 61.6 AB
ACCO Sweet Sioux IV 71.1 A-C 69.6 A-E 62.4 B-E 57.6 A-C
McCurdy Sweet-M 69.8 A-C 68.8 B-E 61.2 C-E 60.0 A-C
DeKalb Sudax SX-16A 72.5 AB 69.9 A-E 62.1 B-E 56.7 A-C
Asgrow Merit 73.1 A 69.7 A-E 61.0 C-E 62.6 AB
Growers 11 68.6 A-C 72.7 AB 58.3 E 61.7 AB
McNair Drip-0-Honey 2/ 68.5 A-C 71.5 A-D 61.7 B-E 62.4 AB

C. V. (%) 5.1 2.5 3.3 4.7

Planted: March 26 in rows 3-feet apart.
1/ True sudangrass x sudangrass hybrid
2/ Sorgo x sudangrass hybrid
Clippings were made after 56 + 27 + 37 + 65 days = 185 days of growth.
Pearlmillets are shown above the solid line; sorghum hybrids below.
Means within a column bearing the same letter or letter group are not statis-
tically different from one another according to the Duncan New Multiple Range

Test. V.E. GREEN, JR.






Table 46. Average dry matter yields of pearlmillet hybrids in the Gainesville, FL Area, 1971-1977.


Acc. BRAND HYBRID Yields, Dry Matter Production, Pounds per acre, Average of 4 Reps
No. 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 Average

43 Ring Around(XL) Mill-hy 99 14220 10770 9990 8100 12260 20370 14370 12,870

60 Sawan (NK) Millex 23 13350 9550 11510 -- 12340 13760 14180 12,450

64 Pennington Southgraze 14380 10730 12130 13090 -- 13360 13170 13480

81 Funk's Millet III -- 11690 11110 11730 12190 14450 -- 12230

05 NAPB (RP) Pearlex 24 10820 8850 -- 8810 12220 19250 -- 11990

50 GA AES (USDA) Gahi 3 13890 -- -- -- -- 20130 19520 17850

100 McCurdy Graze-X -- -- -- 18470 19420 18950

105 Growers Pearlgro 421 -- -- -- 17490 16940 17220

107 Sawan (NK) 1001 -- -- -- 17490 18660 18080

112 Sawan (NK) X-7540 -- -- -- -- -- -- 19320 19320

108 Funk's Millet 112 -- -- -- -- 15870 15870

Average Annual Yield 12800 10120 11280 10430 12170 17460 16990 18480

Average These Hybrids 13330 10320 11190 10430 12250 17200 16990 15480

Planting Date (Mo Day) 4-1 4-3 3-27 3-26 4-1 3-25 3-23
Number of Clippings 5 5 5 5 7 4 5
Length of Season, days 180 172 194 209 197 178 200


V.E GREEN. JR.




nv. ,aye uiy nIiLcer yields ot sorghum x sudangrass hybrids in the Gainesvi-lle, FL area, 1971-1977.


Acc.
No.


BRAND


HYBRID


1971


08 Talor-Evans
63(82) Funk's

05 Pennington
39(95) George Warner
74 ACCO

88 N-K
73 ACCO
03 Bingham
28 DeKalb
62 Youngs(FMC)

91 DeKalb
76 N-K
07 Dorman
58 McNair
69 Frontier
77 Ring Around
40 NAPB(R-P)


Funk's
ACCO
NAPB(R-P)
Asgrow
McCurdy

McCurdy
DeKalb
Growers GSA-II


Haygrazer
83-F(x-8123)

Summergrazer
Gro-n-Graze(R)
S-99

Sordan 70-A
Sweet Sioux 3
Grofast
Sudax SX-16
Sweet Chew

Sudax SX-17
Trudan 5(SGxSG)
Suregraze
711A
Hidan 35
XL-Chowmaker
Mor-Su-2

86-F
Sweet Sioux 4
Saxon
Grazer A-I
Sweet Graze

Sweet-M
Sudax SX-16A


10570
10240

8300
10720




10040
9470
11420



11180
13940
9160


10180
11550


YIELDS
1972


11550
11130

12060

11160


12810
10710
13040
10130


12020
11290
10760
11710
11820





12220
9750


OF DRY MATTER PER ACRE,


1973


9820
11160


9170
8080

10270
9010
9000
8760
9880


7970
10240

9700
10450
16110




10030
8840


1974

11460
11690

8270
9600
9290

11130
8030
10650
9700
9670

9160

10820

9730
10320
10900



11140


POUNDS, AVERAGE OF 4 REPS.
1975 1976 1977


8560
7980

7980
8440
9420

8740
9320
7920
9270
8870

9370


9210

8920
9590

10370
11630
8500


15100
11270

14210
17480
13600

12440
13160




13580
12180

11740


16010

16400
14920
14770



13070
11290
12970


11840
11960

10180
11690
8050

11000





11520
16950






13790
12080




13020
13220
12240


Average Annual Yields 10540 10910 9800 9690 9110 14270 11950

Average These Hybrids 10560 11480 9910 10100 9060 13780 12120

Planting Date (Mo-Day) 4-1 4-3 3-27 3-26 1-1 3-25 3-23
Number of Clippings 5 6 5 5 7 4 5
Length of Season, days 180 235 194 209 197 178 200


V.E. GREEN. JR.


Ave.

11270
10780

10170
11180
9930

10720
10470
9660
10050
9990

10910
12280
10880
11440
10080
10380
13150

13520
12880
11470
10810
10050

13050
12260
12610








TABLE 48.plant height, inches of pear.lmillets and sorghum x.sudangrass hybrids.
1977 Gainesville. Agronomy Farm Field S-16.


Dates of the five clippings


Brand Name


Hybrid


Pearlmillets, A or AO


Ring Around
USDA/GaAES
NK
Pennington
) McCurdy
i Growers
F NK
B Funks
2 NK


Millhy 99
GAHI-3
Millex 23
Southgraze
Grazex
Pearlgro 421
Sawan 1001
G112
X-7540


First
5-12


40
34
35
45
42
40
41
45
40


Average for 9 pearlmillets -40 48
Average for 9 pearlmillets ^T-o 48


Sorghums x Sudangrasses


76 NK
99 ACCO
05 Pennington
08 Taylor-Evans
74 ACCO
82 (63) Funks
88 NK
91 DeKalb
95 Geo. Warner
97 Funks
101 McCurdy
102 DeKalb
104 Growers
109 Funks
Ill NK


1/
Trudan 5--
Sweet Sioux 4
Summergrazer
Haygrazer
S-99
83F
Sordan 70A
Sudax SX-17
Gro-n-Graze R
86F
Sweet-M
Sudax SX-16A
11 .(eleven)
FP-1
Wondergraze


Average for 15 Sorghums x Sudans


Second
6-18


Third
7-20


Fourth
8-31


.4 4 -


58
64
51
61
63
49
59
60
56

58


44
56
49
50
56
46
49
50
48

50


Fifth
10-11


41
56
47
46
51
44
52
57
51

49


t 4 t t T r


40 40


56
58
53
55
48
58
53
55
55
59
64
54
54
61
55

56


46
41
40
50
40
49
46
49
45
48
51
43
49
50
43

46


52
47
46
45
28
46
44
48
42
43
52
40
45
49
43

44


Total
for
Season


228
259
230
254
259
224
250
261
254

245


239
220
222
232
175
230
223
230
220
232
254
215
231
245
220

226


Average for the 24 hybrids 40 41 56 47 46 230


Planted: March 23. Harvested five times. Total growing
Sidedressed after each clipping with 225 lbs./A. NH NO .
as necessary. Irrigate as necessary to prevent stress.


days for the season:
Sprayed for insects


-True sudan x sudan hybrid.

Regrowth after the fifth clipping is not included in the totals.


V.E. GREEN, JR.


200.
only


1







TABLE 49. Fresh weight production of pearlmillets and sorghum x suddng'?ass hybrids.
197 7 Gainesville. Agronomy Farm Field S-16.


Brand Name


Hybrid


Pearlmillets, A or AO


43 Ring Around
50 USDA/GaAES
60 NK
64 Pennington
100 McCurdy
105 Growers
107 NK
108 Funks
112 NK


Millhy 99
GAHI-3
Millex 23
Southgraze
Grazex
Pearlgro 421
Sawan 1001
G112
X-7540


Average for 9 pearlmillets


Sorqhums x Sudanqrasses


76 NK
99 ACCO
05 Pennington
08 Taylor-Evans
74 ACCO
82 (63) Funks
88 NK
91 DeKalb
95 Geo. Warner
97 Funks
101 McCurdy
102 DeKalb
104 Growers
109 Funks
111 NK


1/
Trudan 5-
Sweet Sioux 4
Summergrazer
Haygrazer
S-99
83F
Sordan 70A
Sudax SX-17
Gro-n-Graze R
86F
Sweet-M
Sudax SX-16A
II (eleven)
FP-1


Wondergraze


Average for 15 Sorghums x Sudans


Dates of the five clippings


First
5-12


Second
6-18


Third
7-20


_______ 4 4 4 I


14600
12580
12800
15770
18310
15670
19010
21730
15100

16180


22260
30730
24440
26370
30160
27260
33230
27900
32660

28310


13210
30100
20060
16190
25470
16830
23650
19800
23910

21370


I 4 4 I


8510
9290
9400
9170
8040
6270
8910
6810
6810
8490
8230
8060
7180
7700
6710


7990


15870
15750
13470
13470
7200
16230
17020
20910
13970
16450
-18040
18590
14250
15560
14880

15450


18770
15200
12520
14150
8870
13610
11010
19270
16410
16900
16600
18350
14740
16980
13190

15080


Average for the 24 hybrids 11060 19350 17420 12820 7300 67950


Planted: March 23. Harvested five times. Total growing
Sidedressed after each clipping with 225 Ibs./A. NH4NO .
as necessary. Irrigate as necessary to prevent stress.


days for
Sprayed


-True sudan x sudan hybrid.

Regrowth after the fifth clipping is not included in the totals.


the season: 200.
for insects only


V.E. GREEN, JR.


Fourth
8-31


Fifth
10-11


6070
13670
4330
S3470
9440
8750
6810
8310
6810

7520


10650
25340
16370
6270
16550
7900
13290
13790
14150

13810


Total
for
Season


'66790
112420
78000
68070
'99930
76410
95990
91530
92630

87190


62040
58610
51900
58300
34790
55160
57690
67840
53670
62180
65190
65730
57740
62440
54070

57900


10340
10830
10560
13890
8450
12340
13270
14840
10830
13730
13470
13170
13730
12420
11450

12220


8550
7540
5950
7620
2230
6710
7480
6010
5650
6610
8850
7560
7840
9780
7840

7160


-- v








TABLE 50. Dry weight production of pearlmillets and sorghum x sudangrass hybrids.
1977 Gainesville. Agronomy Farm Field S-16.

Dates of the five clippings Total
for
Brand Name Hybrid First Seoond Third Fourth Fifth for
_____5___-12 6-18 7-20 8-31 10-11
Pearlmillets, A or AO
43 Ring Around Millhy 99 2990 4010 4160 1770 1440 14370-
50 USDA/GaAES GAHI-3 2090 4760 6470 3400 2800 19520
60 NK Millex 23 2410 3910 4390 2620 850 14180
64 Pennington Southgraze 2700 4400 4310 1060 700 13170
100 McCurdy Grazex 3570 4100 6630 3080 2040 19420
105 Growers Pearlgro 421 2990 5230 4390 1280 3050 16940
107 NK Sawan 1001 3760 5080 5650 1870 2300 18660
108 Funks G112 3520 3770 4950 2180 1450 15870
112 NK X-7540 2230 7640 5310 1970 2170 19320

Average for 9 pearlmillets 2920 4770 5260 2170 1870 16990

Sorghums x Sudangrasses
1/
76 NK Trudan 5- 1990 5620 5390 1500 2450 16950
99 ACCO Sweet Sioux 4 1810 2930 3860 1790 1690 12080
05. Pennington Summergrazer 1770 1930 3000 2030 1450 10180
08 Taylor-Evans Haygrazer 2040 2200 4020 2180 1400 11840
74 ACCO S-99 1810 1340 2640 1700 560 8050
82 (63) Funks 83F 1500 3160 3650 2160 1490 11960
88 NK Sordan 70A 2050 2590 2530 2420 1410 11000
91 DeKalb Sudax SX-17 1440 3090 4100 1940 950 11820
95 Geo. Warner Gro-n-Graze R 1570 2600 4220 1570 1730 11690
97 Funks 86F 1960 3130 4550 2510 1640 13790
101 McCurdy Sweet-M 1980 3140 3800 1930 2170 13020
102 DeKalb Sudax SX-16A 1810 3310 4280 2440 1380 13220
104 Growers 11 (eleven) 1830 2790 3830 1950 1840 12240
109 Funks FP-1 1890 3070 3680 2020 1020 11680
111 NK Wondergraze 1590 2710 3340 1610 2820 12070
--------------------------------------------------------- ------------------- ---- -----
Average for 15 Sorghums x Sudans 1800 2730 3800 1990 1630 11950

Average for the 24 hybrids 2220 3350 4350 2060 1720 13700

Planted: March 23. Harvested five times. Total growing days for the season: 200.
Sidedressed after each clipping with 225 Ibs./A. NH4NO Sprayed for insects only
as necessary. Irrigate as necessary to prevent stress.

- True sudan x sudan hybrid.

Regrowth after the fifth clipping is not included in the totals.


V.E. GREEN, JR.







51. Dry weight percentage of pear.lmillets and sorghum x.sudangrass hybrids.
Gainesville. Agronomy Farm Field S-16.


Dates of the five clippings


Brand Name


Hybrid


First
5-12


Second
6-18


Third
7-20


Fourth
8-31


Fi tth
10-11


c;- 1 6 -18


Pearlmillets, A or AO


43 Ring Around
50 USDA/GaAES
60 NK
64 Pennington
100 McCurdy
105 Growers
107 NK
108 Funks
112 NK


Millhy 99
GAHI-3
Millex 23
Southgraze
Grazex
Pearlgro 421
Sawan 1001
G112
X-7540


Average for 9 pearlmillets


Sorghums x Sudangrasses


76 NK
99 ACCO
05 Pennington
08 Taylor-Evans
74 ACCO
82 (63) Funks
88 NK
91 DeKalb
95 Geo. Warner
97 Funks
101 McCurdy
102 DeKalb
104 Growers
109 Funks
111 NK


Trudan 5-
Sweet Sioux 4
Summergrazer
Haygrazer
S-99
83F
Sordan 70A
Sudax SX-17
Gro-n-Graze R
86F
Sweet-M
Sudax SX-16A
11 (eleven)
FP-1
Wondergraze


Average for 15 Sorghums x Sudans


20.5
16.6
18.8
17.1
19.5
19.1
19.8
16.2
14.8

18.0


23.4
19.5
18.8
22.2
22.5
23.9
23.0
21.1
23.0
23.1
24.0
22.5
25.5
24.6
23.7


22.7


18.0
15.5
16.0
16.7
13.6
19.2
15.3
13.5
23.4

16.8


31.5
21.5
21.9
26.6
23.3
26.1
23.9
25.0
22.2

24.6


16.6
13.4
16.0
1619
18.6
16.2
14.1
15.8
13.7

15.7


.4 4 4 t


17.7.
18.6
14.3
16.3
18.6
19.5
15.2
14.8
18.6
19.0
17.4
18.8
19.6
19.7
19.2

17.7


28.7
25.4
24.0
28.4
29.8
26.8
23.0
21.3
25.7
26.9
22.8
23.3
26.0
21.7
25.3

25.2


14.5
16.5
19.2
15.7
20.1
17.5
18.2
13.1
14.5
18.3
14.3
18.5
14.2
16.3
14.1

16.3


23.8
20.5
19.7
20.3
21.6
34.9
33.8
17.5
31;8

24.9


28.7
22.4
24.3
18.4
25.3
22.2
18.9
15.8
30.7
24.8
24.5
18.2
23.5
10.4
36.0

22.8


Average for the 24 hybrids 21.0 17.3 25.0 16.1 23.6 20.6


Planted: March 23. Harvested five times. Total growing
Sidedressed after each clipping with 225 Ibs./A. NH NO .
as necessary. Irrigate as necessary to prevent stress.


days for the season: 200.
Sprayed for insects only


-!True sudan x sudan hybrid.

Regrowth after the fifth clipping is not included in the totals.


V.E. GREEN, JR.


TABLE
19717


Average
for
Season


22.1
17.5
18.5
19.5
19.3
23.1
21.4
17.6
21.2

20.0


22.6
20.5
20.1
20.2
23.3
22.0
19.7
17.2
22.5
22.4
20.6
20.3
21.8
18.5
23.7

20.9


~








Table 52.


Agronomic characteristics of pearlmillets and sorghum x sudangrass hybrids.
1977. Gainesville. Agronomy Farm, Field S-16. Clipping: First, May 12.


SN Height, Yields, pounds per acre, Dry Matter,
SInches Fresh chop Dry weight %

Pearlmillets, A or AO
43 Ring Around Millhy 99 40 14,600 2,990 20.5
50 USDA/GaAES GAHI-3 34 12,580 2,090 16.6
60 NK Millex 23 35 12,800 2,410 18.8
64 Pennington Southgraze 45 15,770 2,700 17.1
100 McCurdy Grazex 42 18,310 3,570 1.5
105 Growers Pearigro 421 40 15,670 2,990 19.1
107 NK Sawan 1001 41 19,010 3.760 19.8
108 Funks G112 5 21,730 3,520 16.2
112 NK X-7540 40 15,100 2,230 14.8

Average for 9 pearlmillets 40 16,180 2,920 18.0

Sorghums x Sudangrasses
76 NK Trudan 5 43 8,510 1,990 23.4
99 ACCO Sweet Sioux 4 40 9,290 1,810 19.5
05 Pennington Summergrazer 42 9,400 1,770 18.8
08 Taylor-Evans Haygrazer 49709170 2,040 22.2
74 ACCO S-99 35 8040 1,810 22.5
82 (63)Funks 83F 38 6,270 1,500 23.9
88 NK Sordan 70A 41 8,910 2,050 23.0
91 DeKalb Sudax SX-17 38 6,810 1,440 21.1
95 Geo. Warner Gro-n-Graze R 38 6,810 1,570 23.0
97 Funks 86F 42 8,490 1,960 23.1
101 McCurdy Sweet-M 42 8,230 1,980 24.0
102 DeKalb Sudax SX-16A 34 8,060 1,810 22.5
104 Growers 11 (eleven) 1 7,180 1,830 25.5
109 Funks FP-1 41 7,700 1,890 24.6
111 NK Wondergraze 3 ,710 1,590 23.7
---------------------------------------------
Average for 15 Sorghums x Sudans 40 7,990 1,800 22.7

Average for the 24 hybrids 40 11,060 2,220 21.0

Planted: March 23. Harvested May 12. 50 growing days. Total
growing days for the season: 50. Sidedressed after each clipping with 225
Ibs./A. NH4NO3. Sprayed for insects only as necessary.

Characteristics of this clipping: Same heights for both species. Pearlmillets were
double the fresh weight yields of sorghums. Millets outyielded sorghums in dry weight
by 62 percent. Yields as harvested fresh of the millets were only 18.0% dry matter;
Sorghums were 22.7% dry matter. Pearlmillets had many more tillers and were leafier.


V.E. GREEN, JR.







Table 53.


Agronomic characteristics of pearlmillets and sorghum x sudangrass hybrids.
1977. Gainesville. Agronomy Farm, Field S-16. Clipping: Second, June 18.


Brand Name Hybrid Height, Yields, pounds per acre, Dry Matter,
Inches Fresh chop Dry weight

Pearlmillets, A or AO
43 Ring Around Millhy 99 45 22,260 4,010 18.0
50 USDA/GaAES GAHI-3 49 30,730 4,760 15.5
60 NK Millex 23 48 24,440 3,910 16.0
64 Penningtoi Southgraze 52 26,370 4,400 16.7
100 McCurdy Grazex 47 30,160 4,100 13.6
105 Growers Pearlgro 421 45 27,260 5,230 19.2
107 NK Sawan 1001 49 33,230 5,080 15.3
108 Funks G112 49 27,900 3,770 13.5
112 NK X-7540 49 32,660 7,640 23.4
------------------------------------- -------
Average for 9 pearlmillets 48 28,310 4,770 16.8

Sorghums x Sudangrasses
76 NK Trudan 5 42 15,870 5,620 17.7
99 ACCO Sweet Sioux 4 34 15,750 2,930 18.6
05 Pennington Summergrazer 41 13,470 1,930 14.3
08 Taylor-Evans Haygrazer 42 13,470 2,200 16.3
74 ACCO S-99 24 7,200 1,340 18.6
82 (63) Funks 83F .39 16,230 3,160 19.5
88 NK Sordan 70A 39 17,020 2,590 15.2
91 DeKalb Sudax SX-17 40 20,910 3,090 14.8
95 Geo. Warner Gro-n-Graze R 40 13,970 2,600 18.6
97 Funks 86F 40 16,450 3,130 19.0
101 McCurdy Sweet-M 45 18.040 3,140 17.4
102 DeKalb Sudax SX-16A 4 18,590 3,310 18.8
104 Growers 11 (eleven) 42 14,250 2,790 19.6
109 Funks FP-1 44 15,560 3,070 19.7
111 NK Wondergraze 41 14,880 2,710 19.2
---------------------------------------------
Average for 15 Sorghums x Sudans 40 15,450 2,730 17.7

Average for the 24 hybrids 41 19,350 3,350 17.3

Planted: March 23. Harvested June 8. 26 growing days. Total
growing days for the season: 76. Sidedressed after each clipping with 225
lbs./A. NH4NO3. Sprayed for insects only as necessary.

Characteristics of this clipping: Millets were 33% taller than the sorghums(48 vs 36);
millets were again almost double the fresh weights of sorghum and were 75% greater in
dry weight yields (14 vs 7.5 tons fresh) and (2.5 vs 1.5 dry); dry weight percentages
of the millets were 16.8 and sorghums 17.7; Millets had more tillers and were leafier
than the sorghums. All plots were headed on the harvest date.


V.E. GREEN, JR.








Table 54.


Agronomic characteristics of pearlmillets and sorghum x sudangrass hybrids.
1977. Gainesville. Agronomy Farm, Field S-16. Clipping: Third, July 20.


Brand Name Hybrid Height, Yields, pounds per acre, Dry Matter,
Inches Fresh chop Dry weight %


43 Ring Around Millhy 99 58 13,210 4,160 31.5
50 USDA/GaAES GAHI-3 64 30,100 6,470 21.5
60 NK Millex 23 51 20,060 4,390 21.9
64 Pennington Southgraze 61 16,190 4,310 26.6
100 McCurdy Grazex 63 25,470 6,630 23.3
105 Growers Pearlgro 421 49 16,830 4,390 26.1
107 NK Sawan 1001 59 23,650 5,650 23.9
108 Funks G112 60 19,800 4,950 25.0
112 NK X-7540 56 23,910 5,310 22.2

Average for 9 pearlmillets 58 21,370 5,260 24.6

Sorghums x Sudangrasses
76 NK Trudan 5 56 18,770 5,390 28.7
99 ACCO Sweet Sioux 4 58 15,200 3,860 25.4
05 Pennington Summergrazer 53 12,520 3,000 24.0
08 Taylor-Evans Haygrazer 55 14,150 4,020 28.4
74 ACCO S-99 48 A8'870 2,640 29.8
82 (63) Funks 83F 58 13,610 3,650 26.8
88 NK Sordan 70A 53 11,010 2,530 23.0
91 DeKalb Sudax SX-17 55 19,270 4,100 21,3
95 Geo. Warner Gro-n-Graze R 55 16,410 4,220 25.7
97 Funks 86F 59 16,900 4,550 26.9
101 McCurdy Sweet-M 64 16,600 3,800 22.8
102 DeKalb Sudax SX-16A 54 18,350 4,280 23.3
104 Growers 11 (eleven) 54 14,740 3,830 26.0
109 Funks FP-1 61 16,980 3,680 21.7
111 NK Wondergraze 55 13,190 3,340 25.3

Average for 15 Sorghums x Sudans 56 15,080 3,800 25.2

Average for the 24 hybrids 56 17,420 4,350 25.0


Planted: March 23. Harvested July 20 42
growing days for the season 118 Sidedressed after
Ibs./A. NH4NO3. Sprayed for insects only as necessary.


growing days. Total
each clipping with 225


Characteristics of this clipping: Same heights for both species. Fresh weight yields
of the millets were 1.4 times greater than those of the S x SG, as were the dry weight
yields, with only NK Trudan 5, a true SG hybrid, approaching the millet yields. Dry
weight percentages of the two species were nearly identical on the average, exactly
one-quarter of the fresh weight being dry matter. Millets were leafier and contained
more tillers per stool than did the S x SG hybrids. All plots were well headed on the
harvest date. This was also true of the second cutting harvested after only 26 days.


V.E. GREEN, JR.







Table 55.


Agronomic characteristics of pearlmillets and sorghum x sudangrass hybrids.
1977. Gainesville. Agronomy Farm, Field S-16. Clipping. Fourth, August 31.


Brand Name Hybrid Height, Yields, pounds per acre, Dry Matter,
Inches Fresh chop Dry weight

Pearlmillets, A or AO
43 Ring Around Millhy 99 44 10,650 1770 16.6
50 USDA/GaAES GAHI-3 56 25,340 3400 13.4
60 NK Millex 23 49 16,370 2620 16.0
64 Pennington Southgraze 50 6,270 1060 16.9
100 McCurdy Grazex 56 16,550 3080 18.6
105 Growers Pearlgro 421 46 7,900 1280 16.2
107 NK Sawan 1001 49 13,290 1870 ;14.1
108 Funks G112 50 13,790 2180 15.8
112 NK X-7540 48 14,150 1970 13.9

Average for 9 pearlmillets 50 13,810 2170 15.7

Sorghums x Sudangrasses
76 NK Trudan 5 49 10,340 1500 14.5
99 ACCO Sweet Sioux 4 41 10,830 1790 16.5
05 Pennington Summergrazer 40 10,560 2030 19.2
08 Taylor-Evans Haygrazer 50 13,890 2180 15.7
74 ACCO S-99 40 8,450 1700 20.1
82 (63) Funks 83F 49 12,340 2160 17.5
88 NK Sordan 70A 46 13,270 2420 18.2
91 DeKalb Sudax SX-17 49 14,840 1940 13.1
95 Geo. Warner Gro-n-Graze R 45 10,830 1570 14.5
97 Funks 86F 48 13,730 2510 18.3
101 McCurdy Sweet-M 51 13,470 1930 14.3
102 DeKalb Sudax SX-16A 43 13,170 2440 18.5
104 Growers 11 (eleven) 49 13,730 1950 14.2
109 Funks FP-1 50 12,420 2020 16.3
111 NK Wondergraze 43 11,450 1610 14.1

Average for 15 Sorghums x Sudans 46 12,220 1990 16.3

Average for the 24 hybrids 47 12,820 2060 16.1


March 23. Harvested August 31 4]
days for the season: 161 Sidedressed after
NH4NO3. Sprayed for insects only as necessary.


growing days. Total
each clipping with 225


Characteristics of this clipping: The pearlmillets were somewhat taller, yielded
about a ton more of both fresh chop and hay equivalent, and were slightly lower in dry
matter than were the sorghum x sudangrasses. There would have been no yield without
irrigation.
V.E. GREEN, JR.


Planted:
growing
Ibs./A.









Table 56.


Agronomic characteristics of pearlmillets and sorghum x sudangrass hybrids.
1977. Gainesville. Agronomy Farm, Field S-16. Clipping.: Fifth, October 11.


Sm Height, Yields, pounds per acre, Dry Matter,
Brand Name Hybrid
Inches Fresh chop Dry weight

Pearlmillets, A or AO
43 Ring Around Millhy 99 41 6070 1440 23.8
50 USDA/GaAES GAHI-3 56 13,670 2800 20.5
60 NK Millex 23 47 4330 -850 19.7
64 Pennington Southgraze 46 3470 700 20.3
100 McCurdy Grazex 51 9440 2040 21.6
105 Growers Pearlgro 421 44 8750 3050 34.9
107 NK Sawan 1001 52 6810 2300 33.8
108 Funks G112 57 8310 1450 17.5
112 NK X-7540 51 6810 2170 31.8

Average for 9 pearimillets 49 7520 1870 24.9

Sorghums x Sudangrasses
76 NK Trudan 5 52 8550 2450 28.7
99 ACCO Sweet Sioux 4 47 7540 1690 22.4
05 Pennington Summergrazer 46 5950 1450 24.3
08 Taylor-Evans Haygrazer 45 7620 1400 18.4
74 ACCO S-99 28 2230 560 25.3
82 (63) Funks 83F 46 6710 1490 22.2
88 NK Sordan 70A 44 7480 1410 18.9
91 DeKalb Sudax SX-17 48 6010 950 15.8
95 Geo. Warner Gro-n-Graze R 42 5650 1730 30.7
97 Funks 86F 43 6610 1640 24.8
101 McCurdy Sweet-M 52 8850 2170 24.5
102 DeKalb Sudax SX-16A 40 7560 1380 18.2
104 Growers 11 (eleven) 45 7840 1840 23.5
109 Funks FP-1 49 9780 1020 10.4
111 NK Wondergraze 43 7840 2820 36.0
---------------------------------------------------------------
Average for 15 Sorghums x Sudans 44 7160 1630 22.8

Average for the 24 hybrids 46 7300 1720 23.6

Planted: March 23. Harvested October 11 41 growing days. Total
growing days for the season : 200 .Sidedressed after each clipping with 225
Ibs./A. NH4NO3. Sprayed for insects only as necessary.
Characteristics of this clipping: Poor freshchop and hay equivalent yields of
both species that had grown 41 days under very dry conditions. Dry weight
percentages were high for most varieties in this final clipping of the 200 day
season.


V.E. GREEN, JR.






-Cent t Oa ad i alee,- .. Floyi i Luria in 1esearLn
Centers at Ona and Immokalee, Florida in 1976.


Dry matter
yields, T/A
Ona Immokalee


IVOMD, % of the
dry matter
Ona Immokalee


Digestible forage,
Tons per acre
Ona Immokalee


Geo. Warner
Pennington
McNair
Growers
ACCO
Taylor-Evans
ACCO
Excel
Funks
McNair
FFR
Dekalb
ACCO
Dekalb
Asgrow
Dekalb


Gro-n-Graze-R
Summergrazer
Drip-0-Honey
I1
Sweet Sioux 3
Haygrazer
S-99
Super CM A
83-F
711A
5506
Sudax SX-17
Sweet Sioux 4
Sudax SX-16A
H-7452
Sudax SX-16


16 Hybrids at Ona; 14 at Immokalee. Planting dates: Ona


- March 12, Immokalee March 5. Seeding rates:


16 Ibs/A. "Row spacings: 18 inches apart. AAtrex (R) at seeding @ 2 Ibs/A. a.i. Field plot design:
randomized complete blocks, Ona 4 reps, Immokalee 3 reps. Irrigation: 4.7 in H20 in March, April and
early May, overhead at Ona; at Immokalee by seepage w/laterals on 50 ft. centers. Fertilizer: Ona--0-112-
224 Ibs/A N-P 0-KKO prior to seeding, 50 Ibs/A N at emergence, 100 Ib/A N were sidedressed when plants were
16-18" high; 0 lb /A N after each of 3 harvests. At Immokalee: Broadcast I ton/A dolomite, 0-60-120 Ibs/A
N-P 0 -K 0, 20 Ibs/A FTE 503, 50#N + 80#/A 0-0-60 at emergence, 100 Ibs/A + 80# 0-0-60 when plants 16-18" tall,
Starter fertilizer: 200 Ibs/A 10-30-10 in row, 50 Ibs/A N after harvests 1 and 2. Stage at harvest: late
boot to early flower. Harvest dates: Ona--5/27, 7/12, 8/31, and 10/20; At Immokalee: 5/26, 7/14 & 9/2. Yields
are averages over all reps of each hybrid; IVOMDs are from composite samples of all reps. IVOMDs run by modi-
fied Tilley and Terry technique by Miss Janet Ferguson, Agronomy Forage Laboratory, University of Florida, IFAS,
Gainesville, FL 32611. Data connected by the same combination of letters in the same column are not different
significantly at the 5% significance level according to the Duncan New Multiple Range Test.

These are the latest available IVOMD data as of the publication date of this research report, from Ona and Immokalee.


Brand


Hybrid


13.5
13.2
12.9
12.9
12.9
12.5
12.1
12.1
11.8
11.5
11.3
10.9
10.6
10.2
9.6
9.3


7.0 a-c
7.8 ab
7.9 ab
6.9 a-c
7.4 a-c
6.8 a-c
8.0 ab
8.5 a
8.8 a

7.1 a-c
5,6 c
7.0 a-c
7.0 a-c
6.5 bc


56.4
52.1
55.4
53.9
56.7
56.6
56.8
53.0
54.8
53.5
56.0
58.9
56.2
55.9
57.1
58.5


a
e
a-e
c-e
a-d
a-d
a-d
de
b-e
c-e
a-e
a
a-d
a-e
a-c
ab


56.4
53.4
53.2
53.1
56.9
55.1
58.4
53.1
55.9

56.1
56.7
55.7
56.4
58.2


7.7
6.9
7.1
7.0
7.3
7.1
6.9
6.4
6.5
6.2
6.3
6.4
6.0
5.7
5.5
5.4


3.9
4.2
4.2
3.7
4.2
3.7
4.7
4.5
4.9

4.0
3.2
3.9
3.9
3.8









Table 58. Percent IVOMb on a dry matter basis of sorghum x
grown at the ARC, Ona, 1976.


sudangrass hybrids t


Harvest Date


2 3
7/12/76 8/31/76
- IVOMD % -


Dekalb
Dekalb
Asgrow
Acco
Acco
Taylor Evans
George Warner
Acco
FFR
Dekalb
McNair
Funk
Growers
McNair
Excel
Pennington
Average


Sudax SX-17
Sudax SX-16
H-7452
S-99 ...
Sweet Sioux III
TE Haygrazer
Gro-N-Graze R
Sweet Sioux IV
5506
Sudax SX-16 A
Drip-O-Honey
83 F
11
711 A
Super Chow Make
Summergrazer


56.9
59.1
57.3
55.7
59.3
58.3
60.4
53.7
57.5
52.3
58.3
57.3
51.5
55.4
rA55.4
54.5


56.4


59.7
58.0
59.5
.57.6
60.6
59.8
58.6
57.2
56.0
61.8
58.1
56.2
57.6
56.7
52.5
57.0
57.9


57.5
59.1
54.9
55.8
48.9
54.4
53.2
57.0
52.6
53.6
49.3
52.9
51.7
50.2
49.1
47.9
53.0


61.3
57.7
56.8
58.1
57.9
54.0
54.3
56.9
57.7
55.8
55.9
52.6
54.9
51.8
54.9
48.8
55.6


58.9 a
58.5 ab
57.1 abc
56.8 abed
56.7 abcd
56.6 abcd
56.6 abcd
56.2 abcd
56.0 abcde
55.9 abcde
55.4 abcde
54.8 bcde
53.9 cde
53.5 cde
53.0 de
-52.1 e


t Samples composite over 4 replications.

Means within columns followed by the same letter are not significantly different.
SK=100, Duncan's least significant difference test).

Date Seeded: March 12, 1976.
Row Width: 18"
Fertilization: 0-112-224/A (N-P205-K20, resp.) prior to seeding. 50 Ib N/A at
emergence; 100 Ib N/A when plants 16-18"; 50 Ib N/A after each
harvest.
Herbicide: At seeding, AAtrex @2# ai/A. Paraquat @k# acid/A applied after 8-31-76
harvest. Results: Good to excellent.
Irrigation: Over-head (4.7").
Maturity at Harvest: late boot to early anthesis.
These are the latest IVOMD detailed data from Ona as of the publication of this
research report, for sorghum x sudangrass hybrids.


Hvbrid


Variety


1


5/27/76
- -


4
10/20/76


Average









Table 59. In vitro organic matter digestibility (IVOMD) of sorghum x sudangrass
hybrids grown at the ARC, Immokalee.. 1976.

'. Harvest


Hybrid


1 2 3
5/26/76 7/14/76 9/2/76
- -IVOMND%- - -


Average


Acco
Asgrow
Acco
Dekalb
Dekalb
George Warne
FFR
Funk F
Acco
Taylor Evans
Pennington
McNair
Growers
Excel
Average


S-99
H-7452
Sweet Sioux I:
Sudax SX-17
Sudax SX 16 A
r Gro-N-Graze
5506
83 f
Sweet Sioux I
TE 'Haygraier
Summergrazer
Drip-0-Honey
11
Super Chow Mak


56.6
55.8
II 54.7
53.3
53.5
R 53.8
52.9
56.6
V 51.6
52.1
54.3
53.1
52.9
cer A 54.1
54.0


61.3
59.0
58.2
63.1
59.9
58.8
59.1
56.2
56.6
55.0
57.5
55.3
54.7
54.2
57.8


57.3
59.7
57.9
53.7
S 55.9
56,5
56.2:
54.9:
59.0
"' 58.1
48.4
51.2
52.0
51.1
55.1


58.4:a ?
58.2 a
56.9 a
* 56.7 a
56.4 a-
56.4 a
56.1 a
55.9 a
S55.7 a -
55.1: a'
53.4 a
53.2 a
53.2 a
53.1 a


SSamples composite over 3 replications.

Means within columns not followed by the same letter not significantly
different. (K=100, Duncan's least significant difference test.)

Date Seeded: March 5, 1976.
Row Width: 18"
Fertilization: Broadcast: 2000# Dolomite/A; 0-60-120#/A (N-P205-K20, resp.); 20#
FTE 503; 50# N+80# 0-0-60/A at emergence; 100# N+80# 0-0-60 when
plants 16-18" tall. Starter fertilizer: 200#/A 10-30-10 in row.
Herbicide: AAtrex @2# active/A. Results: Good to excellent.
Irrigation: Seepage.
Maturity at Harvest: late boot to early anthesis.
These are the latest IVOMD detailed data from Immokalee as of the publication date
of this research report for sorghum x sudangrass hybrids.


Brand


Bran-- -T-- ----- _....











Table 60.

Average dry matter yields of sorghum x sudangrass hybrids grown at the
Ona ARC, 1973-77.


Brand Hybrid
Grown any four years 73-77
Taylor Evans Haygrazer
Pennington Summergrazer
Dekalb SX 16


Dry matter yield (tons/acre)


1973



10.1


1974
6.9
7.4
8.1


1975
6.2
5.8
5.5


1976
12.5
13.2
9.3


1977
13.6
11.7


Grown any 3
Funks
Acco

Grown any 1
McNair
Growers
McCurdy
N.K.
George Warner
Excel
Funks
McNair
Dekalb
Dekalb
Funks
Acco
N.K.
Rudy Patrick
FMC


Average


years 1973-77
83F
Sweet Sioux IV

or 2 years 1973-77
Drip-0-Honey
11
Sweet M
Sordan 70A
Gro-N-Graze-R
Super Chow Maker A
FP 1
711 A
SX 17
SX 16 A
83F
Sweet Sioux III
Trudan-5
Saxon
Sweet Chew


-- 7.6
-- --


-- 11.8 10.1 9.8
6.2 10.6 11.6 9.4


6.3

6.0
5.8
6.0


--






I0.I


12.9
12.9


13.5
12.1

11.5
10.9
10.2

12.9


12.0
12.5
12.3
10.8

11.9

10.8
11.4
9.6

7.7


12.9
12.5
12.5
12.3
12.2
12.1
11.9
11.5
10.9
10.8
9.6
9.6
7.7
6.0
5.8


11.9 11.2


Seeding Date: 1973, 3-13; 1974, 3-6; 1975, 3-14; 1976, 3-12; 1977, 3-3.


Ave.
9.8
9.5
8.3















Table 61.


Agronomic characteristics of


pearlmillet hybrids grown at Ona ARC, 1977.


Harvest


Hybrid
GAHI-3
Grazex
Pearl-gro-421
G-112
Millex 23
Millhy-99


4/28/77


2
6/14/77


3
7/18/77


4
8/18/7


4J 4-1 4U 11
I I I I I
44 -0 IbkW b ) b b
-r a) 1 1 41 (a
v4J 6( M.44 U. 4-l l0 + 61 UO
.0 10C I c I c
bo 0 a) (3 C 11 60 C, a 0 41 z
-H r- W H V, -rI Vi *r U. Pt Q i- r-l t
a) r41 4) W- W < *r
a 6~0 E^ ffi ^'05 ffig^-O^ a 8-C2


7.3
5.8
5.1
5.9
5.8
5.3


5.1
4.7
4.5
4.0
4.1
4.2


4.1
3.5
3.0
4.5
3.0
3.3


4- -4 4 4 -- 4 -i .1 -4 -


Disease rated on a scale
area infected. Disease:


from 1 to 10. l=disease free; 10=100% of leaf
primarily anthracnose.


Brand

GA/USDA
McCurdy
Growers
Funks
N.K.
R.A.













Table 62.


Dry matter yield in tons/acre of pearlmillet hybrids grown at the
Ona ARC, 1977.


Brand


Hybrid


Ga/USDA
McCurdy
Growers
Funks
Northrup King
Ring Around
Average yield


GAHI-3
Grazex
Pearl-gro-421
G-112
Millex 23
Millhy 99


Harvest
1 2 3
4/28/77 6/14/77 7/18/77


2.1 d+
2.4 abc
2.7 ab
2.7 a
2.4 bcd
2.3 cd
2.4


7.9 a
4.3 b
2.9 c
2.3 c
3.2 bc
2.5 c
3.3


2.6 a
2.0 b
1.4 c
1.2 cd
0.8 d
1.0 cd
1.3


Means within columns followed by the
different. Duncan's LSD, K=100.


same letter are not significantly


Date Seeded: March 3, 1977.

Row spacing: 18".

Fertilization: 0-92-184 lbs/A of N-P205-K20 prior to seeding. 50 Ib N/A
at emergence; 100 lbs N/A when plants 16-18" tall; 50 lb
N/A after each harvest.


Herbicide:


At seeding, AAtrex @ 2 Ib a.i./A. Paraquat applied @ k Ib ion/A
as a post-directed spray, and k lb applied-broadcast over the
stubble after each harvest.


Irrigation: Overhead (10.6")


Maturity at Harvest: late boot to early anthesis.


4
8/18/77

1.4 a
1.3 c
1.0 b
1.0 bc
0.6 c
0.9 bc
0.9


Total

14.0 a
10.0 b
8.0 c
7.2 c
7.0 c
6.7 c
7.9











Table 63.


Agronomic characteristics of
the Ona ARC, 1977.


sorghum x sudangrass hybrids grown at


Hybrid


Haygrazer
S Sweet M
Sordan 70A
11
FP-1
;ton Summergrazer
S. Sioux IV
SX 16 A
SX 17
Warner Gro-N-Graze-R
83 F
86 F
Trudan-5
S-99


5/12/77


7/5/77


8/29/77


10/24/77


4-4 b 4L 44 M


r 4 .--4 0 4 OI 0 I- I *- M P
33 s o s a a s


6.7
6.2
6.3
6.1
6.3
6.3
5.8
5.8
6.2
6.2
5.8
5.8
6.5
5.0


7.6
7.0
6.8
6.7
7.1
7.7
6.8
6.7
6.7
6.3
6.7
6.5
6.0
7.3


5.5
5.0
5.5
5.5
4.5
6.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
5.0
4.5
4.5
4.5
3.0


Brand
T.E.
McCurdy
N.K.
Growers
Funks
PenninE
Acco
Dekalb
Dekalb
George
Funks
Funks
N.K.
Acco


Disease rated on a scale from 1 to 10. l=disease free; 10=100% of leaf
area infected. Diseases: primarily anthracnose and Helminthosporium spp.










Table 64.


Dry matter yield in tons/acre of sorghum x sudangrass grown at the Ona, ARC
1977.

Harvest


Brand
Taylor Evans
McCurdy
Northrup King
Growers
Funks
Pennington
Acco
Dekalb
Dekalb
George Warner
Funks
Funks
Northrup King
Acco


Hybrid
Haygrazer
Sweet M
Sordan 70A
11
FP-1
Summergrazer
Sweet Sioux IV
SX 16 A
SX 17
Grow-N-Graze-R
83-F
86-F
Trudan-5
S-99


Average yield


1
5/12/77
4.3 at
4.3 a
4.3 a
3.8 ab
3.8 ab
4.2 a
3.8 ab
3.3 be
3.9 ab
3.7 ab
3.8 ab
3.3 bc
2.7 cd
2.2 d
3.7


2
7/5/77
4.1 ab
3.5 bcd
3.7 a-d
3.7 a-d
3.6 bcd
3.0 de
4.5 a
3.8 a-d
3.9 abc
3.1 d
3.0 de
3.3 cd
2.2 ef
1.7 f
3.4


3
8/19/77
3.5 ab
3.5 ab
3.3 abc
3.1 a-d
3.6 a
3.2 a-d
2.7 c-f
3.2 a-d
2.3 ef
2.8 b-e
2.6 def
2.1 f
2.0 fg
1.3 g
2.8


4
10/24/77
1.7 a
1.2 bc
1.0 cd
1.4 b
0.9 de
1.3 bc
0.6 fg
1.1 cd
0.7 efg
1.2 bc
0.7 efg
0.9 def
0.8 d-g
0.6
1.0


Total
13.6 a
12.5 ab
12.3 ab'
12.0 bc
11.9 bc
11.7 bc
11.6 bc
11.4 bcd
10.8 cd
10.8 cd
10.1 de
9.6 e
7.7 f
5.8 g
10.9


+ Means within columns followed by the same letter are not significantly
different. Duncan's LSD, K=100.

Date Seeded: March 3, 1977.
Row Spacing: 18".
Fertilization: 0-92-184 lbs/A of N-Pg05-K20 prior to seeding; 50 lb N/A after
emergence; 100 Ibs N/A when plants 16-18" tall; 50 Ibs N/A
after each harvest.


Herbicide:


At seeding AAtrex @ 2 lb a.i./A. Paraquat @ k Ib ion/A as a
post-directed spray, and k Ib/A applied broadcast over the
stubble after each harvest.


Irrigation: Overhead (10.6")
Maturity at harvest: Boot to anthesis.












Table 65.


Agronomic characteristics of pearlmillet
ARC, 1977.


hybrids grown at Immokalee


Harvest


Hybrid
Grazex
Millex 23
G-112
Pearl-gro-421


1
4/29/77


2
5/31


3
7/19/:


4
8/21/77


.,.I ... 1
4J 0 4J 4J 4J

-r4 a) ) a r a 4r *(a



4.5 0 1 23 4.8 0 1 15 4.1 0 2 20 3.3 0 2 2

5.0 0 1 20 4.7 0 1 14 4.3 0 2 19 3.3 0 1 17
5.0 0 1 21 4.8 0 1 17 4.9 0 2 23 4.0 0 1 23
3.8 0 1 23 4.3 0 1 16 3.8 0 2 21 2.8 0 1 2C


+Disease


is rated on a scale 1 to 10. l=none, 10=100% of leaf area infected.


Disease: primarily anthracnose.


Brand
McCurdy
N.K.
Funks
Growers


~












Table 66.


Dry matter yield in tons/acre of pearlmillet hybrids grown at
the Immokalee ARC, 1977.

Harvest
1 2 3 4
Brand Hybrid 4/22 5/31 7/19 8/24 Total
McCurdy Grazex 1.5 a 2.1 a 1.0 a 0.5 a 5.1 a
Northrup King Millex 23 1.5 a 2.0 a 1.2 a 0.4 a 5.1 a
Funks G-112 1.4 a 2.0 a 0.9 a 0.5 a 4.8 a
Growers Pearl-gro 421 1.5 a 1.8 a 1.0 a 0.4 a 4.7 a
Average yield 1.5 2.0 1.0 0.5 5.0


Means within columns followed by the same letter arenot
significantly different. Duncan's LSD, K=100.

Date Seeded: March 2, 1977.

Row Spacing: 30".

Fertilization: 0-100-200 lbs/A of N-P205-K 0 prior to seeding.
50 Ib N/A after emergence; 100 lb N/A when plants
16-18" tall; 50 Ib N/A after each harvest.


Herbicide:


At seeding, AAtrex @ 2 Ib a.i./A. Paraquat applied at
k lb ion/acre as a post-directed spray, and k Ib applied-
broadcast over the stubble after each harvest.


Irrigation: Seepage.


Maturity at harvest: late boot to anthesis.











Table 67.


Agronomic characteristics of sorghum x sudangrass hybrids grown at
Immokalce ARC, 1977.

Harvest


Brand
Dekalb
Dekalb
N.K.
Growers
Acco
G. Warner
McCurdy
T.E.
Funks
Funks
Funks
N.K.
Acco


Hybrid
SX 16 A
SX 17
Sordan 70A
11
S. Sioux IV
Gro-N-Graze-R
Sweet M
Haygrazer
FP-1
86-F
83-F
Trudan-5
S-99


1
/16/77


2
7/7/7


3
9/1/77


4
10/25/77


~I I~> I I i ~
I 44J I U I 4J I
%l r 2 14J b% 2 4r! 0- I4 0
4J U! b t C4 U (0 4 b C
*i-l to 00 W bo 0 0 O W 0 W rb 00
oo o us o mis t bo<
-H -4 r *r4 r40 *r- r- W Q
S r4 0 "4 0r .0 1
i : K B' 'O B^ K l i~ 3: s9S1 a SO g f ^ Bs~


8.0
8.0
8.5
7.5
8.0
8.0
7.5
8.0
7.5
7.5
7.0
6.5
5.5


5.0
4.0
5.5
5.5
4.5
5.5
4.5
5.5
5.0
5.0
5.0
4.0
3.0


I I


Disease rated on a scale from 1 to 10.


l=disease free; 10=100% of leaf


area infected. Diseases: primarily anthracnose and Helminthosporium spp.


I I I


-











Table 68.


Dry matter yield in tons/acre of sorghum x sudangrass grown at Immokalee
ARC, 1977.


Brand
Dekalb
Dekalb
Northrup King
Growers
Acco
George Warner
McCurdy
Taylor Evans
Funks
Funks
Funks
Northrup King
Acco
Average yield


Hybrid
SX 16 A
SX 17
Sordan 70 A
11
Sweet Sioux IV
Gro-N-Graze-R
Sweet M
Haygrazer
FP-1
86 F
83 F
Trudan 5
S-99


Means within columns followed by the
different. Duncan's LSD, K=100.


same letter are not significantly


Date Seeded: March 2, 1977.
Row spacing: 30".
Fertilization: 0-100-200 lbs/A of N-P 0 -K20 prior to seeding; 50 Ib N/A
after emergence; 100 1b N/A when plants 16-18" tall;
50 Ib N/A after each harvest.
Herbicide: At seeding, AAtrex @ 2 Ib a.i./acre. Paraquat applied @ k Ib
ion/A as a post-directed spray, and k lb applied-broadcast over
the stubble after each harvest.


Irrigation: Seepage.
Maturity at harvest: late boot to anthesis.


Harvest


1
5/16/77
3.3 at
2.6 abc
2.3 bc
2.2 bc
2.3 bc
2.2 bc
2.2 bc
2.0 bc
2.4 abc
2.9 ab
2.4 abc
2.3 bc
1.7 c
2.4


2
7/7/77
3.0 b
3.6 a
3.1 ab
3.5 a
2.9 b
3.2 ab
3.2 ab
2.8 bc
2.8 bc
2.1 d
2.1 d
2.3 cd
1.7 d


3
9/1/77
2.8 ab
3.0 a
2.7 abc
2.2 c-f
2.6 a-d
2.0 def
2.1 def
2.4 b-e
2.0 ef
2.1 c-f
1.8 fg
1.2 fg
1.1 h


4
10/25/77
1.0 abc
0.9 bc
1.2 ab
1.2 ab
0.9 cd
1.3 a
1.1 abc
1.2 ab
1.0 abc
0.7 cd
0.9 abc
0.7 cd
0.4 d
1.0


Total
10.1 a
10.1 a
9.3 ab
9.1 abc
8.7 a-d
8.7 a-d
8.6 a-d
8.4 bcd
8.2 b-e
7.8 cde
7.2 de
6.5 ef
4.9 f
8.4






Table 69.
Sweet Sorghum Sirup Variety Test
North Florida Research and Extension Center
Quincy, Florida
1977


Yield of Stalks Yield of Sirup Days
Varieties per acre Stalk Juice Analyses Lodg- per Temp- to
Height ing era- Dough
Gross Net Extraction:.Brix: Sucrose: Purity: Starch: Ton: Acre: ture Stage

Mer. 71-1 30.5 19.7 1.7 46.0 13.0 0.2 1.6 0.4 0 9.8 194 110 119
Mer. 75-4 24.8 17.4 1.8 48.0 16.1 1.0 6.3 0.4 0 13.7 239 110 119
Mer. 75-7 23.6 16.5 1.7 44.1 15.1 0.6 4.0 0.2 0 11.2 185 110 119
Mer. 75-11 33.0 20.1 1.6 42.3 14.7 0.5 4.2 0.3 0 10.5 212 110 119
Brandes 28.9 17.9 1.5 45.5 14.0 1.3 9.5 0.4 0 10.7 191 110 119
Dale 29.3 19.8 1.6 46.0 14.6 1.2 7.9 0.5 0 11.1 220 110 104
Theis 26.9 16.3 1.5 40.6 14.4 1.3 9.3 0.5 0 10.1 164 110 119

Mean 28.2 '18.2 1.9 44.6 14.5 1.9 6.1 0.4 0 11.0 201 110 109

L.S.D. .05 N.S. N.S. 4.48 N,S. N.S. N.S.
.01 N.S.


Plots
Design
Planted :
Soil Type :
Fertilizer:


Harvested :


3 rows (30" x 21') = 1/277 acre
Randomized block with 4 replications
June 9, 1977
Norfolk sandy loam
1000 Ib/Acre Broadcast preplant 5-10-15 plus
450 pounds/Acre NH4, NO
Furadan, 5% Broadcast @ 60 pounds/Acre preplant
September 21, 1977: Dale
October 6, 1977: Mer. 71-1, Mer. 75-4, Mer. 75-7,
Mer. 75-11, Brandes, and Theis


Cooperative with the U.S.D.A. (ARS)






























STATEWIDE SORGHUM AND PEARLMILLET TESTS

SWEET SORGHUMS SORGOSS)


















Table 70.
Agronomic characteristics of sweet sorghum hybrids grown at Ona ARC,
1976 and 1977.


1976


Brand

USDA
USDA
USDA
USDA


Hybrid
Roma
Rio
Ramada
Brandes


1977


1 2 3 4
6/25/77 9/20/77 7/13/77 10/6/77
4J 4-1 4- 4I
't4- + 4 b l 4 C 4

a M0 V u a0 M V W '
*bo 0- M l *O M W0 W *W 0 bo 0 WM
C *r4 C 4Ci *r4 Hr
a ~s a 5 M a 0 f S


*

6.9

5.6
5.6


8.0
8 0
8.5
*


* Variety not grown in this year.


Disease rated on a scale 1 to 10. l=none; 10=100% of leaf area infected.
Disease: primarily anthracnose and Helminthosporium spp.













Table 71.
Dry matter yield in tons/acre of sweet sorghum hybrids at the Ona
ARC, 1976 and 1977.


Year


Hybrid
Roma
Rio
Ramada
Brandes


1
6/25


1976
Harvest


2
9/20


* *
10.2 at 2.4 a
* *
11.6 a 2.4 a
10.9 2.4


Total


*
12.4 a
*
14.0 a
13.3


1
7/13


6.3 b
8.1 a
4.3 e
6.2
6.2


1977
Harvest


2
10/6


5.5 a
3.4 b
5.1 a
4.7
4.7


Total


11.8 a
11.5 ab
9.4 b
10.9
10.9


Entries not seeded in these years.

f Means within columns followed by the same letter are not significantly
different. Duncan's LSD, K=100.


Date Seeded: March 15, 1976
March 31, 1977.


Row Spacing: 1976 18".
1977 30".

Fertilization: 1976: 0-112-224; 1977: 0-92-184 Ibs/A N-Pg05-K20 resp.
applied prior to seeding. 50 Ib N applied after emergence,
100 Ib N/A applied when plants 16-18" tall and 100 Ib N/A
when plants 24" tall. A split application of 100 Ibs N/A
applied after each harvest.

Herbicide: At seeding, AAtrex @ 2 Ib a.i./A. Paraquat @ k lb ion/A broadcast
over stubble after harvest.


Irrigation: Overhead 4.7" in 1976 and 10.6" in 1977.


Maturity at harvest: dough stage.


Brand
USDA
USDA
USDA
USDA


Average




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