Group Title: Research report - Ft. Pierce Agricultural Research and Education Center ; IRL 85-5
Title: A list of the positions of subfamilies and tribes of the family leguminosae with a brief description and approximate numbers of genera and species
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055969/00001
 Material Information
Title: A list of the positions of subfamilies and tribes of the family leguminosae with a brief description and approximate numbers of genera and species
Series Title: Ft. Pierce AREC research report
Physical Description: 7 leaves : ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Kretschmer, Albert E ( Albert Emil ), 1925-
Agricultural Research and Education Center (Fort Pierce, Fla.)
Publisher: University of Florida, Insititute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, Agricultural Research and Education Center
Place of Publication: Fort Pierce Fla
Publication Date: [1985]
 Subjects
Subject: Legumes -- Varieties -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: bibliography   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Bibliography: Includes bibliographical references (leaf 7).
Statement of Responsibility: by Albert E. Kretschmer, Jr.
General Note: "September 1985."
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00055969
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 67108831

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HISTORIC NOTE


The publications in this collection do
not reflect current scientific knowledge
or recommendations. These texts
represent the historic publishing
record of the Institute for Food and
Agricultural Sciences and should be
used only to trace the historic work of
the Institute and its staff. Current IFAS
research may be found on the
Electronic Data Information Source
(EDIS)

site maintained by the Florida
Cooperative Extension Service.






Copyright 2005, Board of Trustees, University
of Florida






/io


I Central Science
Library

OCT 14 1987
A LIST OF THE POSITIONS y o
OF SUBFAMILIES AND TRIBES OF THE FAMILY LEG
WITH A BRIEF DESCRIPTION AND APPROXIMATE NUMBERS
OF GEIERA AND SPECIES



BY
ALBERT E. KRETSCHMERj JR.


PROFESSOR OF AGRONOMY
















IFAS, University of Florida
Agricultural Research and Education Center
P. 0. Box 248
Ft. Pierce, Florida 33454









A LIST OF THE POSITIONS OF SUBFAMILIES AND TRIBES OF THE FAMILY
LEGUMINOSAE WITH A BRIEF DESCRIPTION AND APPROXIMATE NUMBERS OF
GENERA AND SPECIES


ALBERT E. KRETSCHMER, JR.

I. SUBFAMILY: CAESALPINIOIDEAE 5 TRIBES; 151 GENERA; 2255
SPP.; PRIMARILY TREES.

A. CAESALPINIEAE. 49 GENERA; TROPICAL AND SUBTROPICAL;
ARMED OR UNARMED TREES OR SHRUBS, RARELY HERBS;
2255 SPP.

B. CASSIEAE BRONN (1822). 20 GENERA; TROPICAL AND
SUBTROPICAL; TREES, SHRUBS AND HERBS; 598 SPP.

1. CASSIA ROTUNDIFOLIA Pers.('WYNN' AUSTRALIA).

C. CERCIDEAE BRONN (1822). 5 GENERA; TREES OR SHRUBS,
RARELY VINES; TROPICAL EXCEPT ONE IN TEMPERATE N.
HEMISPHERE; 507 SPP.

D. DETARIEAE DC. (1825). 54 GENERA; TROPICAL; MOSTLY
UNARMED TREES; 571 SPP.

E. AMHERSTIEAE BENTH. EMEND. J. LEON (1957). 25 GENERA;
MAINLY TROPICAL AFRICA; MOSTLY TREES AND SHRUBS;
247 SPP.

II. SUBFAMILY: MIMOSOIDEAE. 5 TRIBES; 60 GENERA; 3000 SPP.;
MOSTLY PRIMATIVELY WOODY SUBFAMILY.

A. PARKIEAE (WIGHT & ARN.) BENTH. 2 GENERA; TROPICAL
TREES; 42. SPP.

B. MOMOZYGANTHEAE BURKART (1939). 1 GENUS; TROPICAL
ARGENTINA AND WESTERN PARAGUAY; ARMED SHRUBS OR SMALL
TREES; 1 SP.

C. MIMOSEAE BRONN (1822). 8 GENERA; TROPICAL,
SUBTROPICAL, FEW TEMPERATE; ARMED OR UNARMED TREES,
SHRUBS, CLIMBERS, AND RARELY HERBS (SHOWS EVOLUTIONARY
TRAITS OF TREES TO HERBS); 759 SPP; (450 IN MIMOSA).
1. DESMANTHUS VIRGATUS WILL.
2. LUCAENA LEUCOCEPHALA DEWIT; ('PERU', 'CUNNINGHAM'-
AUSTRALIA).


Professor of Agronomy, University of Florida, IFAS,
Agricultural Research and Education Center, P.O. Box
248, Ft.Pierce, Florida 33454




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D. ACACIEAE BENTH. (1843). 2 GENERA; WIDESPREAD TROPICAL
AND SUBTROPICAL; ARMED OR UNARMED TREES OR SHRUBS,
VERY RARELY HERBS, SOMETIMES VINES; 1201 SPP.; (1200
IN ACACIA).

E. INGEAE BENTH. (1865). 17 GENERA; MOSTLY TROPICAL IN
BOTH HEMISPHERES; TREES OR SHRUBS, RARELY VINES; 984
SPP.

III. SUBFAMILY: PAPILIONOIDEAE. 32 TRIBES; 440 GENERA; 12,000
SPP.; THIS SUBFAMILY AND DIVERGENCE OF THE THREE SUBFAMLIES
WERE WELL ESTABLISHED BY THE EOCENE (40 60 M.Y. BP);
RAINFORESTS TO EDGES OF DRY AND COLD DESERTS; MAIN
CENTERS OF DIVERSITY IN PLANALTO OF BRASIL, MEXICO,
EASTERN AFRICA, MADAGASCAR, AND SINO-HIMALAYAN REGION;
LESSER NUMBER OF GENERA ARE FOUND IN THE MEDITERRANEAN,
SOUTH AFRICA, AND AUSTRALIA; THE LIVING REPRESENTATIVES
BETWEEN CAESALPINIOIDEAE AND PAPILIONOIDEAE ARE
MOST APPARENT IN SOUTH AMERICA, AFRICA, AND MADAGASCAR.

A. SWARTIEAE DC. (1825). 11 GENERA; OLD AND NEW TROPICS;
MOSTLY TREES, SOME SHRUBS, RARELY VINES; 185 SPP.

B. SOPHOREAE SPRENGLE (1818). 60 GENERA; MOSTLY
TROPICAL, SOME IN SOPHORA IN HIGHER LATITUDES OUTSIDE
TROPICS; TREES, SHRUBS, VINES, RARELY HERBS; 374 SPP.

C. DIPTERYXEAE POLHILL (1978). 3 GENERA; CENTRAL AND
SOUTH AMERICA, PRINCIPALLY IN AMAZONIA; TREES; 21 SPP.

D. DALBERGIEAE BRONN EX DC. (1825). 19 GENERA; MAINLY IN
TROPICAL AMERICA; TREES, SHRUBS OR VINES WITH HARD
WOOD; 330 SPP.

E. ABREAE (WIGHT & ARN.) HUTCH. (1964). 1 GENUS;
PANTROPICAL; WOODY SUBSHRUBS OR VINES; 17 SPP.

F. TEPHROSIEAE (BENTH.) HUTCH. (1964). 50 GENERA; MAINLY
TROPICAL, WORLD WIDE; TREES, SHRUBS OR VINES; 855 SPP.

G. ROBINIEAE (BENTH.) HUTCH. (1964). 21 GENERA; CENTRAL
AND SOUTH AMERICA, EXTENDING TO NORTH AMERICA AND
ARGENTINA; SESBANIA (50 SPP.) AND GLIRICIDIA (4 SPP.)
ARE PANTROPICAL; TREES, SHRUBS, OR HERBS; 149 SPP.

H. INDIGOFEREAE (BENTH.) RYDB. (1923). 4 GENERA; MOSTLY
TROPICAL; AFRICA, SOUTH AFRICA, MADAGASCAR, AND ASIA,
BUT INDIGOFERA WIDLY DISTRIBUTED TO MOST OF TROPICS
AND SUBTROPICS; HERBS, LESS OFTEN SHRUBS OR SMALL
TREES; ADVANCED TRIBE; 711 SPP.

I. DESMODIEAE (BENTH.) HUTCH. (1964). 27 GENERA; MAINLY
TROPICAL, MOST DIVERSE IN THE SINO-INDIA REGION;
SHRUBS, OFTEN HERBS, SOMETIMES TREES; HIGHLY ADVANCED
TRIBE; 567 SPP.




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1. DESMODIUM DESV. (1813). 300 SPP.; CENTERS OF
GREATEST DIVERSITY IN EASTERN ASIA, MEXICO, AND
BRASIL.
(a) D. HETEROCARPON DC.; (CARPON DESMODIUM;
FLORIDA'-FLORIDAFLORIDA).
(b) D. UNCINATUM DC.; ('SILVERLEAF'-AUSTRALIA)
(c) D. INTORTUM URB.;(GREENLEAF DESMUDIUM 'GREEN
LEAF'- AUSTRALIA).

2. CODARIOCALYX HASSK. (1842). 2 SPP.; SOUTHEAST
ASIA AND TROPICAL AUSTRALIA.

3. ALYSICARPUS DESV. (1813). 30 SPP.; OLD WORLD
TROPICS; NATURALIZED IN TROPICAL AND SUBTROPICAL
AMERICA.
(a) A. VAGINALIS DC. (ALYCE CLOVER-FLORIDA &
AUSTRALIA).

4. LESPEDEZA MICH. (1803). 40 SPP.; TEMPERATE NORTH
AMERICA, EASTERN TROPICAL ASIA, AND AUSTRALIA.

J. PHASEOLEAE DC. (1825). 84 GENERA; WORLD WIDE,
PRIMARILY IN TROPICS AND SUBTROPICS; PROSTRATE OR
ERECT HERBS, OCCASIONALLY SUBSHRUBS,RARELY TREES;
SUBTRIBE WITH LARGEST NUMBER OF GENERA; MOST
ECONOMICALLY IMPORTANT TRIBE; 1452 SPP.

1. MUCUNA ADANSON (1763). 100 SPP.; TROPICS AND
SUBTROPICS.
(a). M. PRURIENS DC.;(VELVET BEAN).

2. CANAVALIA DC. (1825). 50 SPP.; PANTROPICAL.

3. PACHYRHIZUS DC. (1825). 6 SPP.; NEOTROPICS;(YAM
BEAN, JICAMA).

4. GALACTIA P. BROWNE (1756). 50 SPP.; MOSTLY NEW
WORLD TROPICS AND SUBTROPICS.
(a). G. STRIATA URB.

5. CALOPOGONIUM DESV. (1826). 8 SPP.; NEOTROPICS.
(a). C. MUCUNOIDES DESV.; (CALOPO).

6. PUERARIA DC. (1825). 20 SPP.; ASIA.
(a). P. PHASEOLOIDES BENTH.; (TROPICAL KUDZU).
(b). P. THUNBERGIANA BENTH.;

7. GLYCINE WILLD. (1802). 9 SPP.; ASIA AND
AUSTRALIA.
(a). G. MAX MERRILL.; (SOYBEAN).

8. TERAMNUS P. BR. (1756). 8 SPP.; PANTROPICAL.

9. NEONOTONIA LACKEY (1977). 1 SP.; AFRICA TO ASIA.
(a). N. WIGHTII LACKEY; (PERENNIAL SOYBEAN;





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'TINAROO",'COOPER', 'CLARENCE', & 'MALAWI'-
AUSTRALIA).

10. CENTROSEMA BENTH. (1837). 45 SPP.; NEOTROPICS
AND NEOSUBTROPICS.
(a). C. PUBESCENS BENTH.; CENTROO; COMMERCIAL,
'BELALTO' AUSTRALIA).
(b). C. PASCUORUM;('CAVALCADE' AUSTRALIA).

11. CLITORIA L. (1753). 70 SPP.; PANTROPICAL, MOSTLY
NEOTROPICAL.
(a). C. TERNATEA L.

12. PSOPHOCARPUS DC. (1825). 9 SPP.; PALEOTROPICAL.
(a). P.TETRAGONOLOBUS DC.; (WINGED BEAN-EDIBLE).

13. LABLAB ADANS. (1763). 1 SP.; AFRICA.
(a). L. PURPUREUS SWEET; LABLABB BEAN-EDIBLE).

14. DOLICHOS L. (1753). 60 SPP.; AFRICA TO EASTERN
ASIA

15. MACROTYLOMA (WIGHT & ARN.) VERDC. (1970). 24
SPP.; AFRICA AND ASIA

(a). M. AXILLARE VERDC.;('ARCHER' AUSTRALIA).
(b). M. UNIFLORUM VERDC.;('LEICHHARDT' -
AUSTRALIA).

16. VIGNA SAVI (1824). 150 SPP.; PANTROPICAL, MOSTLY
PALEOTROPICAL.
(a). V. ADENANTHA M.M.
(b). V. HOSEI BACK.
(c). V. PARKERI; ('SHAW'- AUSTRALIA).
(d). V. LUTEOLA BENTH.; ('DALRYMPL' -
AUSTRALIA).
(e). V. UNGUICULATA WALP; COWPEAA)

17. MACROPTILIUM (BENTH.) URBAN (1928). 20 SPP.;
NEOTROPICS AND NEOSUBTROPICS.
(a). M. ATROPURPUREUM URB.; ('SIRATRO' -
AUSTRALIA).
(b). M. LATHYROIDES URB.; (PHASEY BEAN -
AUSTRALIA).

18. PHASEOLUS L. (1753). 50 SPP.; NEOTROPICS AND
NEOSUBTROPICS, AND EASTERN U.S.A.
(a). P. VULGARIS L.; (COMMON EDIBLE BEANS)
(b). P. LUNATUS L.; (LIMA BEAN)

19. CAJANAS DC. (1813). 2 SPP.; ONE SP. NATIVE TO
AFRICA AND ONE CULTIVATED.
(a). C. CAJAN MILLSP.; (PIGEON PEA-EDIBLE AND
FORAGE).




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20. RHYNCHOSIA LOUR. (1790). 200 SPP.; PANTROPICAL
R. MINIMA AND MOST OTHERS STUDIED ARE
UNPALATABLE.

K. PSORALEEAE (BENTH.) RYDB. (1919). 6 GENERA; WIDELY
DISPERSED, RARELY TROPICAL; SMALL TREES AND SHRUBS,
RARELY ANNUAL HERBS; 136 SPP.

L. AESCHYNOMENEAE (BENTH.) HUTCH. (1964). 25 GENERA;
TROPICAL AND WARM TEMPERATE, WORLD WIDE; MOST
DIVERSITY IN CENTRAL AMERICA, PRIMARILY
IN MEXICO AND CUBA, WITH STRONG CONNECTIONS DOWN BOTH
SIDES OF SOUTH AMERICA TO ARGENTINA; SECONDARY
DIVERSITY IN SOUTHERN AFRICA; 488 SPP.

1. SUBTRIBE AESCHYNOMENINAE.
(a). AESCHYNOMENE L. (1753). 160 SPP.; TROPICAL
AND WARM TEMPERATE AMERICAS, AFRICA, WITH
LESS SPP. IN ASIA; HERBS, SHRUBS, RARELY
TREELIKE.
(1). A. AMERICANA L; ( COMMERCIAL FLORIDA
AND AUSTRALIA).
(2). A. FALCATA DC; ('BARGOO' AUSTRALIA).
2. SUBTRIBE POIRETINAE (BURKHART) RUDD. 95 SPP.
(a). ZORNIA J.F. GMEL. (1791). 80 SPP.; TROPICAL
AND WARM TEMERATE WORLD WIDE; HERBS.
3. SUBTRIBE STYLOSANTHINAE (BENTH.) RUDD (1981). 30
SPP.; AND WARM TEMPERATE AREAS IN OLD AND NEW
WORLD; HERBS AND SUBSHRUBS.
(a). STYLOSANTHES SWARTZ(1788).
(1). S. GUIANENSIS SW.; (STYLO;
TSCHOFIELD', 'ENDEAVOUR', 'COOK',
'GRAHAM'- AUSTRALIA; 'PULCALPA' -
PERU; 'BANDEIRANTE' BRASIL).
(2). S. HUMILIS HBK.; (TOWNSVILLE STYLO;
VARIOUS CVS. RELEASED BY AUSTRALIA).
(3). S. HAMATA TAUB.; (CARIBBEAN STYLO;
'VERANO'- AUSTRALIA).
(4). S. SCABRA VOG.; (SHRUBBY STYLO; 'SECA'
& 'FITZROY' AUSTRALIA).
(5). S. CAPITATA VOG.; ('CAPICA' -
COLOMBIA).
(b). ARACHIS L. (1753). 60 SPP.; EASTERN SOUTH
AMERICA; INTRODUCED THROUGHOUT TROPICS AND
WARM TEMPERATE REGIONS; HERBS.
(1). A. HYPOGAEA L.; (EDIBLE PEANUT)
(2). A. GLABRATA BENTH.; ('FLORIGRAZE' -
FLORIDA).

M. ADESMIEAE (BENTH.) HUTCH. (1964). 1 GENUS; MONTANE
AND TEMPERATE SOUTH AMERICA; HERBS OR SHRUBS; 230
SPP.

N. GALEGEAE (BRONN) TORREY & GRAY (1838). 20 GENERA;
PRINCIPALLY IN EURASIA AND NORTH AMERICA, EXTENDING




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TO SOUTH AFRICA, AUSTRALIA, AND TEMPERATE SOUTH
AMERICA; HERBS OR SHRUBS; 2589 SPP. (2000 IN
ASTRAGALUS).

O. CARMICHAELIEAE HUTCH. (1964). 5 GENERA; NEW ZEALAND
AND SURROUNDING ISLANDS; SMALL TREES, SHRUBS, AND
SUBSHRUBS; 46 SPP.

P. HEDYSAREAE DC.(1825). 7 GENERA; EURASIA, NORTH
AMERICA, AND HORN OF AFRICA (SIMILAR TO
ASTRAGALINEAE); HERBS AND SUBSHRUBS; 263 SPP.

Q. LOTEAE DC. (1825). 4 GENERA; NORTHERN TEMPERATE
REGION, MOSTLY AROUND THE MEDITERRANEAN, EXTENDING
THINLY TO AFRICA, AUSTRALIA AND EXTRATROPICAL SOUTH
AMERICA; HERBS; 127 SPP.
1. LOTUS L. (1753). 100 SPP.
(a). L. CORNICULATUS L.;(BIRDSFOOT TREFOIL)
(b). L. PEDUNCULATUS; (BIG TREFOIL).

R. CORNILLEAE (ADANS.) BOISS.(1872). 6 GENERA; EUROPE,
MEDITERRANEAN AREA, ATLANTIC ISLANDS, WESTERN ASIA,
N.E. AFRICA, AND SOUTH AMERICA; HERBS AND SUBSHRUBS;
49 SPP.

S. VICIEAE (ADANS.) DC. (1825). 5 GENERA; MAINLY
TEMPERATE DISTRIBUTION; PERENNIAL AND ANNUAL HERBS;
298 SPP.
1. VICIA L. (1753).; 140 SPP.
2. LATHYRUS L'(1753).; 150 SPP.
3. LENS MILL. (1754).; 5 SPP.
4. PISUM L. (1753).; 2 SPP.
5. VAVILOVIA A. (1939).; 1 SP.

T. CICEREAE ALEFELD (1859). 1 GENUS; TURKEY SOUTH TO
ISRAEL AND EAST TO THE HIMALAYAS AND CENTRAL ASIA,
ISOLATED PATCHES IN MOROCCO, ETHIOPIA, GREECE, AND
CREATE; ANNUAL AND PERENNIAL HERBS; 40 SPP.
1. CICER L. (1753).

U. TRIFOLIEAE (BRONN) BENTH. (1865). 7 GENERA; EURASIAN,
EXTENDING THINLY TO AFRICA, THE AMERICAS, AND RARELY
AUSTRALIA; ANNUAL OR PERENNIAL HERBS, RARELY SHRUBS;
MOST CULTIVATED FORAGE GENUS IN MOST LEGUMINOSAE;
477 SPP.
1. MELILOTUS MILL. (1754). 20 SPP.; TEMPERATE AND
SUBTROPICAL; EUROPE, AND ASIA, NORTH AFRICA TO
ETHIOPIA; (SWEET CLOVERS).
02. MEDICAGO L. (1753). 50 SPP.; EUROPE, EXCEPT FOR
NORTHERNMOST PART, CENTRAL AND WESTERN ASIA, NORTH
AFRICA TO ETHIOPIA, FEW IN TROPICS AND SOUTH
AFRICA; MAIN CENTER OF DIVERSITY IN MEDITERRANEAN;
(BUR CLOVER, ALFALFA).
3. TRIFOLIUM L. (1753). 250 SPP.; TEMPERATE AND
SUBTROPICAL NORTHERN AND SOUTHERN HEMISPHERES; OLD




S( 7 )



AND NEW WORLDS, AND SOUTH AFRICA; MAIN CENTERS OF
DISTRIBUTION IN THE MEDITERRANEAN, WESTERN ASIA
AND NORTHWESTERN AMERICA (WHITE, RED,
ETC. CLOVERS).

V. BRONGNIARTIEAE (BENTH.) HUTCH. 2 GENERA; SOUTHERN
NORTH AMERICA AND CENTRAL AND SOUTH AMERICA;
TREES,SHRUBS, OR SUBSHRUBS; 443 SPP.

W. MIRBELIEAE (BENTH.) POLHILL (1981). 23 GENERA; ONLY
IN AUSTRALIA, WITH 1 GENUS EXTENDING TO NEW GUINEA;
SHRUBS, SUBSHRUBS, RARELY HERBACEOUS; 443 SPP.

X. BOSSIAEEAE (BENTH.) HUTCH (1964). 10 GENERA;
AUSTRALIA; SHRUBS OR RARELY HERBS; 75 SPP.

Y. PODALYRIEAE BENTH. (1837). 3 GENERA; CAPE REGION OF
SOUTH AFRICA; SMALL TREES OR SHRUBS; 47 SPP.

Z. LIPARIEAE (BENTH.) HUTCH. (1964). 5 GENERA; CAPE
PROVINCE, SOUTH AFRICA; SHRUBS AND SUBSHRUBS; 50 SPP.

AA. CROTALARIENE (BENTH.) HUTCH. (1964). 16 GENERA;
WIDESPREAD IN TROPICS, MOSTLY AFRICAN, THINLY EXTENDED
TO MEDITERRANEAN, INDIA AND AUSTRALIA; TWO SMALL
GENERA IN SOUTH AMERICA; SHRUBS AND HERBS; 1112 SPP.
1. CROTALARIA L.(1753). 600 SPP.; TROPICAL AND
SUBTROPICAL; MOST NUMEROUS IN TROPICAL AFRICA; OF
STUDIED SPP. MOST ARE TOXIC TO RUMINANTS.
2. LOTONONIS (DC.) ECKL. & ZEYH. (1836). 100 SPP.;
MOSTLY SOUTH AFRICA BUT EXTENDING TO MEDITERRANEAN
REGION AND INDIA; HERBS AND SUBSHRUBS; SOME
SPECIES TOXIC.
(a). LOTONONIS BAINESII BAKER; ('MILES' -
AUSTRALIA).

BB. EUCHRESTEAE (NAKAI) OHASHI (1973). 1 GENUS; EVERGREEN
FORESTS OF SOUTHEAST AND EAST ASIA; SHRUBS OR
SUBSHRUBS; 5 SPP.

CC. THERMOPSIDEAE JACKOVLEV (1972). 6 GENERA; TEMPERATE
REGION OF NORTHERN HEMISPHERE; SHRUBS OR PERENNIAL
HERBS; 48 SPP.

DD. GENISTEAE (ADANS.) BENTH. (1865). 12 GENERA; EUROPE
AND AFRICA; SMALL TREES, SHRUBS, AND HERBS; 478 SPP.
1. LUPINUS L. (1753). 200 SPP. (LUPINS).


REFERENCE

*ADVANCES IN LEGUME SYSTEMATICS PART 1. 1981. R. M. POLHILL AND
P. H. RAVEN (ED.). ROYAL BOTANIC GARDENS, KEW, RICHMOND, SURREY,
TW9 3AE, ENGLAND.




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