Florida farmer & fruit grower

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Material Information

Title:
Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title:
Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title:
Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title:
Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description:
29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.
Language:
English
Publisher:
S. Powers
Place of Publication:
Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date:
December 28, 1895
Publication Date:
Frequency:
weekly
regular

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre:
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
newspaper   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates:
30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note:
Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).
Funding:
Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 002038466
oclc - 01387403
notis - AKM6256
lccn - sn 95026761
System ID:
UF00055765:00370

Related Items

Preceded by:
Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by:
Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen

Full Text


U7't"U- 1S .US* U-.U6*L r 'a --acm*us*ul tr B. ..*
ti. a..q se .'ltahs.r- ta 2. ..

SNTD FRJoT=UIOF&
-..I -K ?00: -

*2-PER YEAR, WITH WHIiH. iS INCORPORAED "THE FLORIDA DISPATCH." *. .fl.1 AR. .
a. govwr, Editor. -. JACKSONVILLE,"'FLORIpA, NOV'EMBER_28, 1896. fWbleoo N.a,.45jl4 l fsq 45
1. .. ..0. K T"it -. 4"" ![ -, s
SL sert Fruit Grower FRUIT TREES FOR F0tD
IGES \nOithe Best Varieties a .tndte -Plums.(oer 0 ,vaiees. ,ickaon .ed June, Hale.WhiteKe' ..
Sn Y "lnds) Trum hSaber.erTO varieties)h Pears 15
&a^ a' BEKST TREES 1O, PILAIF Grapes, Oranges, Lemons, Pome os, Kamgi ats, Roses, etc,.
=OWET/%'ice -. We sh8iped more beaches from our own orchards this -Over 300 Varietles of, F'ItS&ad.,a'Oments.. '' .::
.._ ..nrirarr'ta season than all other growers in this section combined ,a .....en s. ...' ..
S..l"ii. and =de big MONEY at it.
PigffPAID!* -Ba V POi NUR&KRMKK Satsuma w Trifohata -Hardyr'Oratnge aHatddy* k. Wk
-lrn. UIlII A handsome. 15-page Catalogue for 1896-'97, with over 50. engravIngs. .fr ives'9 w
.I .r *I .nii' A RK P'flKHW~lUfQ adaptability of varieties to sections, with accurate descriptions- recenteper ,
.- r 0 ui ience in orchard and'market with -variet.les new and old, witb' ill-cwtilir .'b 7C
"g 4i ..... ,-..-w 7 ^ *1 ^ ," d-l* s. M 1' "r - .. . <'.* form~ati~on. "This . ... ''- . ;,
SEething or the t. Up-To-Date HORTICULTURAL HAND-BOOK FREE
Peach, Plum, Pear, Persimmon, Citrus Fruits,, Grapes, Ueigo it t Rein dOr .FREE
Nuts, Ornamentals, Roses, Etc., Etc., Etc. ar '-t'ear Experience and Experimentingin Growing Florida Frtuits. :
350' Varieties. A MILLION and a half trees. Over t es apresr.ef i n.
No BETTER stock to select froi. None so LARGE. Extensive Propagation of Trees for Florida.Plantng.
New Catalogue with over So -llustrations. 26 New Photographic Views, Freeon
application. P6GN NE EN ST. MARY NURSERY 06.
: :....:-;,P6mONA NURSERIE13, .... :;
THE GRIFFING BROS. Co. Inc. Macclenny. o. L. TABER. President. GL.EN ST.. MARy, ,L..
Successors to W. D. Griffing. Fla. " v,, Secerya. q-..-,--- -
FOR THE TWENTY-SECONO YEAR- BEST SEEDS" ANDS 'PM
W." Wn HAWKINS &;SONS 'A We handle no Commispion. Seed but receive-direct from such-well-iknown-Seed .
'.Are offering a Choice Lot 01of the Best Varieties of Orange Trees for the season or 18096-'9. Growers as Ely, Landreth, 'Buist, Henderson, Livingston, etc. .-. i
.. All of our Nursery Stock is six years old with one and two year buds. All Budded low" Pkg. Oz. X lb. lb. .'
and from Bearing.trees. Cabbage-Bulst's Florlda'Header........... .......... :......... 5 20 ..'0.. .$ 2.00 : .A
i CanUflower--ienderson'aSnowbal ........................25 &350 $d.00.' .2000
SVARIETIES GUARANTEED TRUE *. Onion-Bermuda Red ................................... ... ... 5 20 *. .- 3
.. .. ..o, n-Berm ud .a % ,\ .ilto ...... .............................. 5 0 r 1.0 "
S Eaily S9lectdios and Early Planting wiliprove ihen ost successful.' -Priced'Low." o,.. r"o :..
"Senpostafor Descriptive catalogue to Toniato-Llvngstons. Any variety .......................... 5 20! :.50. 1. :
*W.. S"AWVIIS a S ,Ons. ABOVE "'R-.i'] BY Aix ;ir....
: .. Georgetown, Fla' Write for price list. BURJTON K. BARRS.
'. Jacksonvillk Fla.
The -milwaukee-plovida Orange Co.. ORANGE TRES .
iOe t the DUNEDIN, HILLSBORO CO., FLA., .
i Offers to the public this season the finest Citrus Nursery Trees grown in an experience AT MA TANERIN PAPSN" RW 'T .
K.,:'.ojj; thirteen consecutive years. The stock is large and inoludes'the following Xwdely SATSUMA, TANGERINES, PARON BROWN,. ET.i ETC.
known and thoroughly approved varieties, viz: Satsunma, Mandarin, Parson Brown;, . .
Boone' s Early and Centennial Jaffa, Majorca, Rfluby Blood, Stark's or Enterprise Seed- .-a. iy J.DI W OD. + + +.
less, Pineapple, Homosassa, and Tangbrine. Tardiff and King, Duncan and Marsh Seed-
less Grapef'ruit. Seedless Villa Francs Lemon (matchless). Oblong Kumquat (supernor Trifoliata Stock, (One, Two and Three Years,) Pears, Peaches, Plums, Figs.
,. to the round). hBudwood at all times. Prices reasonable. Prompt attention to (or- Camellias J.nia In orte Plants ie d R t .
respondents. Address all communications and make all remittances payable to Oamellias, Japonicas, Imported Plants, Fine Budded Roses, Etc.
3 iw.auitee -Florida Orange Co., The Best of Stock. Proper Treatment. Low Prices.
'. L. PIERSONjk;
DUNEDIN, FLA. .oiefli,t..
,A. ^ ~ i F J ^ ^ i ^-t^ . ~ .. ~
From the chbicesttrees in Florida. M'foney making Early Peaches. 'A fU lle of Pears and ThOEeB'ROTE O
P. P e'n..'Dlllons Celestial Figs Mulberries that bear four months'. .O E ,.BOHER2&'0. &.00., r "et
S SATSUMA,"ANp OTHER: ORANGES ON TRIFOLIATA. PITTUUTJRC, PA.
Ti, olata stocks one, two and three years old. All stock clean and healthy. Send for Iater-' ,;FrU ItS- 1and, IP rod u;de,
esting cat.]bgue. asd 86'L In 'm:1ma Ioft aiic nner
.',OLp ABLEE ARCADIA MURSERIES, .... -] aetn :
1 .J C"IRARDIEAU, Prop.,,Montlbcello, la. oBad .,itile br-"al I 'enms.ti. W ppbn^a, M ac1etr
____ .________________ ____________________________ '*' *' ; i Eepr~ifl~iil~aeponarlnMp!SaiailIlto;,aE te.E' i^^fl^Hji.wletoralH n 1free.
S.' -.- 2 InquiriesmandCorresporndenoelnvitdd. hi-.i.
fl'lMhI3iNrE BElMUDA oNIONS. __________
Our stocklof this popular variety will be.ready for delivery by October ust. Beware of spur-io us .
-'ltalian and California stock .old by northern bhtuses at $2 to $2.5o per pound. .. 'Sand lot Annual Deo.
:' OUR SEED- _. t.., ,-scpUve. CATALOUE,-,
0 '*'*' IID C C r:A & TS V ~l1 l~F" S~^\a^S^nwls issued and revised: 'n^Hf~rI J~fHn,'
OU:S E AR EGENUIN[E. *r andrevided Seo nac:ker& i
S . neededby tie Hortiuf- .Mnufau -
uBoth Vazteaes,. Whitand Red Packht 5 cents; % oz. iSFeuts; i 0O; 25 cents; X.lb. 85 cents; 3 tnltad olant-Idver M of -N "d If$ l
Vafes-t and ib 5j3.eo post paid.' "' *U I L DI N (3M`- AMAE:WL
. o " f OirchMrd, Window, Lawn --mxze c
"*" !'. "- :* "* *"- ". : f^ ^ ,l ^ ^ r ^.,itG'en os=.^f .',T.- ... -CS.,Kt~ .S C,..-.,.=".'.= .
*f0 d-< i .T ,, *^ y llion to adfti r, .w ,%we ', t
so'eth.r tbao ~i dti le b aveo
FJ.'L[G. 'HASTINGS", 4.GO., SEEDSMEN, -Sr61. .d.t..TW.br.
""a.Ctalogucfree onw p . .," INTERLACH EN, ...eE-A. REASOHE.RI.'EBSl . .o ,LIA. fivaeM.nuInu. on.|l -pi.
... .....N.,- . 4. . . ,.
f. ..-. A ':W : ; :: 2 2 .. :a ti. 2. ,z '.- A.. c i, ..... . .. .' ,,.."."". ".































































LIGHTNING WELL MACH'
PUMPS, AIR LIFT5 'll 'Y
GASOLINE ENGIN11-ti
THE.AMERICAN WELL WORK,&p
AURO A ILL.-CHICAGO-DALLA5,TEX







SPER FLORIDA FARMER 0 FRUIT-GROWER. ER
E A .' -, _.. .. , .. .


G rove j Orchard.

Peaohes in South Florida.
"' Editor Farmerand Fruit-Grower:
"; In spite of the fact that many plant-
ers of peaches have failed to realize
a profit .in this section, it is well proven
..... that peaches will pay. Location,
:' variety, cultivation, fertilization, and
..methods of shipment are all factors of
: success.
: A high grade of high pine land or
,.a superior flat woods soil with the
hardpan four feet or more below the
surface are good locations. If there
is.heavy timber on the north and. west
s..sides so much the better for the peach
enjoys and thrives best in sheltered
localities.
The soil should be prepared at
;.once by plowing and harrowing. It
it is a tough sod, a cutaway harrow
should be used every week until ready
'.: to plant.
Order five to six-feet trees at once
--'for delivery not later than January i.
: if you.will allow me to dictate I should
.. .,say two-thirds of Bidwell's Early and
S- one-third Waldo is a right proportion
..:for this locality. I am fruiting Bid-
., well's Early, Bidwell's Late, Waldo,
W, Red Ceylon, Peento, Yum.Yum, Mag-
.,gie and.others and find that Bidwell's
4'Early brings first money and best
i ': money of all. Ii' is handsome, large,
:: -early, and if well grown, of good
i'-. flavor. It your tree is five to six feet
you will, under good culture, get a
*- 'peck or more of peaches from it within
-,seventeen months of planting. A
' twd to three.feet tree must have an
.:.:- extragood chance to" do this.
.S''' Don't,' buy your trees outside of
;/.."Florida.
---.-'-When trees have arrived heel them
S'.in' close to planting ground, using
waterr to wash soil among roots.
." Stake off' 18xi8 or 20x20, and dig
.fover the spot where you intend to plant
"at least a foot in depth and four feet
".'in- 'diameter, throwing out all trash
l'l...i:and grass roots. Shorten the roots a
'li.ttle. Cutting back to stubs an inch
i'lorig. may do for a two to three-feet
Bi.tree, but we wish to get there the first
J:;::year.. 'Cut back the top to within
4!%t'4welve or fourteen inches of the bud
Sand all side branches to within one
buid of the main stem. Set not over
-an inch deeper than the tree stood in
i -.the' nursery. The novice is apt to get
t..r..t-ees too deep. Work the best and
..;.-riichest soil among the roots with the
..hands and press firmly with the feet
t ..:'down and towards the main stem. A
Wl,&;icareless -tramper will sometimes tear
'4'"roots from the main stem. Before
ri;i.: the '.hole is quite filled scatter half a-
hitCpound of fine ground bone on the
surface and work it in. Water if
4- inecessary.-
-"W" .ork all the surface of your peach
orchard every ten days from time
growth starts until October 15.- You
iiiaygive'your peach orchard every
"?odtlier'. requisite and if you stint it in
tivation it will not thrive.
bout March 15 give each tree one
p 6nid of; a complete fruit fertilizer
a. d again about May r5, working it
M.with 'the: cultivator. Do not use
... .'
".r:n 7:' ',: .. : "..


barnyard manure, cotton seed.'.meal,'
blood and bone or dried fish. ;With
all these there is a tendency to" root
knot. The fertilizer should be made
of boneblack, sulphate of ammonia,
and sulphate of potash with a trace of
nitrate of soda..
Do not so.w oats, cow pea- or any
other plant in your peach' orchard.
Crab grass will come in duriiig Octo-
ber and November and make a good
mat to plow under in January. ,
The second year the trees should
receive six pounds of complete fertil-
izer. Two in January when plowed;
two in March and two in April. If
you have followed directions your tree
roots permeate all the soil by April,
so you should scatter well.
Thin your peaches as soon as one
inch in caliper to about one hundred
to a tree and later take off all that are
stung or malformed.
In May and June you should have
-a-peck to a.tree.of high grade, fruit
and only seventeen months from
planting. A.L. R.
Lake county.

St. Michael Oranges.
Mrs. Fannie B. Ward, in one of
her syndicate letters of travel, writes.
entertainingly of oranges in the'
.Azores. Such an over abundance as
she describes may one day make an-
other strong argument for a -high
tariff on oranges.
Fresh fruits and vegetables come to
your table at their best in January.;
and as for oranges-the golden apples
from the garden of Hesperides could
not hold a candle to them. Ripe
oranges are gathered as early'as'Oc-
tober but the first fruits are rather
sour eating and' the harvest is not at
its best before Christmas.- Then the
'whole landscape seems golden, and
there is such an overwhelming supply
of them all winter long that you -see,
hear, smell and taste of little but laran-
Jas-the Portuguese word for oranges.
The markets are crowded with
them, and: every shop, big or little,
has one in its doorway, among other
symbols of trade-for lettered "signs"
are not used in Azores. In all the
city streets and country lanes you
meet men and women bearing great
baskets of the fruit on their heads,
and donkeys with bulging panniers of
it,-and a constant procession of ox
carts bringing oranges in boxes from
the rural districts to the wharves and
store houses ; while the resonant cry
of the muezzin is nothing compared
to- the strident "laranja! laranja!"
with which itinerant venders make
the welkin ring-in every highway and
byway. The words of a fellow travel-
er on this subject are so appropos that
I want to quote' them to you: "The
ground is thickly strewn" with orange
.peel, and the people begin to wear a
jaundiced look. The very air seems
yellower than before, and redolent of
spicy odors. -: Little children revel ii
the abundance; they play ball, or pelt
each other with them, :or roll them
up and down,. the street.'- and
in the gutters. The -fruit *.be-
becomes the .-staple. article ofdiet, .es-
pecially among,,the .common people,
_' .'. . -.. : .-. p ... .


ing'.sense '0
half'Utent in
intended f(
falls, no on'
and they h
On all t
monopolize
available 1
once swar
brought t
them, and
seems to h
ished. Th
with'walls
to twenty
trees from
ken glass
'on top to
climbing o
iron-bound
stone cross
lucky ho
witches anc
planted sei
commonly
sometimes
Those raise
years, and
teen -years.
orchard is
years. See
time.of all, 1
and are sai
rind worm.
best fruit-
"Many pf th
produce ai
30,00o oran
bear a secoi
,fruit,.so tha
may .count
year round.
busy places
son. 1The
from-the tre
and w, pmen
the great gc
die of. the
them into b
dren are k
cornhusks
'orangd and
the packers,
require d to


f meanness at receiving a "
Change for the single cent Letter from DeSoto County.
r payment. As for wind- Editor Farmer and.Fruit-Grower:
e ever thinks of eating them We are having extreme dry weather
ave no marketable value." and it has been weeks since we have
he islands orange gardens had any rain. :
a large portion of the The crop of vegetables is light as the
and. The Saracens, who rates are too high in, comparison with
med over this country, prices to. realize anything from ship-
heir favorite fruit with ments.
every seed they dropped There will be a large area planted
ave taken root and flour- in the spring. If the transportation
e groves are all surrounded companies,_would reduce the rates on .
of lava rock, from fifteen vegetables they would make much
feet high, to protect the more money. As things stand now
occasional gales, with bro- the margin over expenses is not more
thickly set in the mortar than enough to cover,cost of gather-
discourage thieves from ing, packing and other expenses ,
ver. There is a heavy A great many will now engage in
door in the wall, with a the cultivation of tobacco, being able
set over it, and usually a to cut two crops from one planting.
rse-shoe" to warn away Some of the growers have employed
Sduppies. The trees are an expert on tobacco, and the people
parately in rows, and are will soon learn to manage the crops
propagated by layers, but themselves. i
by grafting, or by seed. Free silver is no longer, heard .of,.
d by layers bear in three being snowed under too deep to. ever
reach their prime in four- be resurrected. So mote it be. The
By grafting, a productive orange crop is still on the trees, as they
not secured under ten are later ripening than usual.
dlings require the longest There, is now;,'but little evidence
but are not the most prolific, left of the freezC. The trees in .this
I to be less subject to the vicinity were not badly hurt. This is
The old trees bear the the home of the orange.' Somine groves
thin-skinned and seedless, have changed ownership, but the
e trees are of great age, yet prices...viere. .lqw.. There;,are 1thou-
n annual crop averaging sands ofacres of land thikt are' equalI
ges. Some of them even to those planted, and are offered.-qat
nid crop, called "ridolha" cheap prices!Qn the installment plan.
it the fortunate Azoreans Any one *W'i'Ns anything can'buy.ca
upon their oranges all the home that -wIl support them in a short
The orange quintas are time.;* Any.one moving should have
during the picking sea- enough -to buy a piece of landAnd
fruit is carefully picked money sufficient to support them ;at
ees into baskets by boys,, least for one: year. :They 'will;.not
carry the full baskets to find free silver, but will have to wotk
ilden mound in the mid if they handle any gold or.silver....
orchard, where men put Tie Consolidated Phosphate Com.-
ioxes, and bevies of chil- pany is. no.wrunning on full-, time, six.
apt busy smoothing out. dredges, pUmping, ,day,.and, ;night.
for wrappers, rolling each They are looking for ships daily,,eight
handing.. them -singly to. in number.. The company employs
SAbout 450 oranges are 300 men in all .capacities. .
fill -a box, but those for The crop of sugar cane .is good, a:o..
. .,.-. . -- -.. ....I


.who now season. with oranges their
usual frugal meal of corn -bread and
fried fish. In the gardens everybody
helps -himself indiscriminately. The
piees are so extremely prolific that no
one knows what 'to do with the crop.
It dan neither be sold nor given away,
ind usually thousands upon thousands
ot bushels rot on the ground or are
given to the swine. Your acquaint-
ances welcome you to their gardens
with eager, ill-concealed delight. You
are urged to eat all you want directly
from the trees, and are compelled to
fill your pockets. Then, lest you are
notyet fully supplied, a heaping bask
et is sent home to you by a servant.
This plentitude is at first bewildering-
accustomed, as we have been at home,
to paying five cents each for even poor
oranges. Here we purchase of the
dealers from ten to fifty for a single
cent-fresh and juicy, and each one
like- a cup of liquid honey. I have of-
ten been to the market and filled my
hands and pockets with the choicest
fruit culled from a two-bushel basket,
and then gone away with a debilitat-


England are heaped with two or three
hundred more to save .duties.. Then
the boxes go to the carpenters, who
nail on'ihe top and they are ready for
shipment. "The bulk of th'e"."c"p'is,
shipped to England, where the "St.
Michael" orange, as the fruit o all
the islands is called, is more highly
esteemed than that;of any other-part
of the world. The average annual
exportation to England.from Ponta
del Gada alone is 467,564 boxes, and
the average price realized is $r. 50o per
box.
Some 300 sailing vessels aid.46'
steamers are, now annually employed
as transports for orange cargoes.
Commercially. San Miguel is the
queen of the group, but the, oranges
of Fayal are the best raised in the
Azores.' The-'United States market
has never been supplied to any ex-
tent with the Azorean oranges. ,It
takes a sailing vessel too long on: a
winter voyage to land them in good
condition; but now that steamships
make the journey, they may go into
the business more largely.






Bn --


THI -nbORIDA PkAfl


-tbe-sweet-potato crop. -A physician.- It is to-day. -the leadingftear-of-thefar-
&cild find a good practice here in con- South, where it thrives admirablf.
M-4tion'with a drug store. There-a re' As it- ripens 'early, the- fruit *fifdsits-
-tub towniships 'of homestead -land -fif- 'way to- Northern markets to som. e:x-,
Ieen miles southeast of this place,. tent. In quality, as 'grown ih'the'
Spriniptll y prairie, but .with some-pinie' North, it is not first-class. 'It remind&'
'.".d 'cypress lands and some good me- of the 'Vicar pear, a sort -rn'*h
..places. 'Its isolation-tetards its set- grown- for preserving;'chiefly, btit:e'
'4eimenits. of fair quality, -when well ripened. 'ls
-All.ofthe storms passed Fort Ogden. -with the Kiefier, it iFsa great "beabei,
F : F. C.'.M. BOGGESS. and room maybe given it; on' thatt:ac-'
: Eorf'Ogden. count, -but there-are a good many'b'ei-
... .: = -- ter ones in cultivationrin tlie"North, i
T.he.Ki-ffen' Pear and Kindred Garber is another-of this'type',' 'hav-.
-"nSots. ing much "of the 'Kieffer d166k ini"thj.
It is now twenty years since the fruit. It has' not-'been--'so'widelyrdis'
u ieffer pear'Was'fi-.t'broug.ht-to public tribute as -it should be.. Some. fr"it
'..te .the dcc.sibfi'being the Ceiten'- -which Was sent tbme last yeart'i4i-
.-pia'F -Exhibition -at Philadelphia, in pressed me as ;being :better 'than th'
1'87r6. 'MIr,1Kieffer" the originator, ex- Kieffer. -J6seph :M-eehan. "
r-lbitted-the fruit'there, and it received ... .
-*4 fiit class recommendation-from the armed. Paper for .Onange ,Tres.
-ages Eier-since that time it has Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: '
been-bdth lauded and- defamed, and I am trying to protect.my, treeAsnl
-even athe present-time public opin-sprouts, by. using tues-.of..tarcr
ion is: by no means unaniimously in its building paper. ..,,
'fvor, hBht there ate more who speak We-saw the.rollsinto four sepion.s.df
-oits good qualities now -than there nine inches. Thesesections,are,.tetx
iedeto'be. -it-has. got -to be better into the.grove and cutoff ..as, mqdp to
understood how -to- ripen it,-'and how the proper. length t.o,-go aroUnctht
to grow it-'bath-f'which have a great sprouts. The sand, is, banked 2uppt
qvt!A o t6hOf Whi( h have a great
bearing-on its-quality. For my part' the outside and holds. .the -tibt t-
Ithink there are lots of better sort, and gether without otherastening. ,
in a collection df some- dozen sorts I have great hopes that -the tar., i,
grown or 'home use, I do not give- ithe paper will discourage ,the- wP4
geiielo itI lice. If it does note- shll drTin0.
a place. But there is no question lce If t does ot; shall,,P .
tere'being .a:'public: demand .for its handful of tobacco dust .. .
.A iit, 'a-deand..which is a growing I think this will, save them.from any-,
aeadgonthing short of a freeze, and I dobt
ifneid'. were I planting for commer- if short ol eee adIur
.' cial purposes, the Kieffer would be if it will even be necessary to take the
uvwelli-Kepresented in the collection. Its- banking away. -
CHAS. H. ROBINSON.:-
.,(p-codigipus production. of.'fruit is one CA. H. RONSON.
:i.oqdtpoiiit, whichgoes a.4Jng way with Lenard, Fla._ __ i
adst 5pepsons.,':'igEvery nurseryman Letter from the.-East COast. I'
,*kifdWsfthat.th& mass of. his customers Editor Farmer and Ftruit-Grower -
puefen-quaintity-.to. everything.else, no 'Meteorologically .speaking we-have,
nui*tteruwhetherit be in the matter of had the quietkit time as regards wino.'
Fruit .,orincnthe-size..of. anornamental we ever experienced on the easlicoasti.
iuree. ..This,--is more .pronounced in Politically speaking it'has been:the-
4hos6ewho. have. their, living -to provide most blustering and stormytall *e:ever
jfoi.than inothers.. In this -respect the. knew. However the.'ship of,.state
ffJiffeusurpassesi all: other trees:of its is safe; and our plants, vines, flowers;-
.3kind its; tendency,.beibg to overbear trees and fruits, never looked so'beau,-.
acalways!i -Niext to this good point is tiful as they do today.
that of its season of ripening,: which is Let a stranger to these. part s cal,
'iOctober here. The fruit can be 'kept here, andutell him that ,two yeirs:ago
;until-,Christmas, and it is in. not keep- every cultivated. thing -he ,sees-.heor'
,-'iin g it:late. enough that so many fail to was cut to the ground by .Jrost,dho
-teat-it atlitstbest. ; It is a good keeper, would -hardly credit it,'and would-be-1
and does' not rotiquickly. Long after lieve it only when told that by getting'
.theyiappear to befully ripe, -they' may up ad hour before sun -rise, welhave,
-be -kept,. and wiU ll..be the better about 380 days in .a year, and that. is
a.ffor.-i'it. <..Many. -persons are' dis- how things do grow. soin such a- short
c..apointed- '-. at. it -because of its space of a -period. i'
:;,bitterskin. ..The-fruit should always Everything "has -,grown --beautiful]yi
-Tbelparedtotaiget rid-of the skin. Be- during -the past- season, notwithstanl-
i-neath-it, when, quite-ripe, is a. juicy ing the dry summere. We have-chaq-
-';pear-,iyw.h ich:-to, many -is very refresh- ripe fruit almost -constantly since,.last
.riing. .Itihas -been well. 'settled that May. Peaches -first,, then cat-tley-guat
.rmanyiof the.:-hard, malll fruits of it vas, grapes; West India,.guavasiiand
-seen-.mi the inarket .are the product of our'kaki are,,just-.igone. Still 'picking
., ihalf-itaroveditrees,"or'those which. have guavas, and, expect they will. ,hold-.out
ibeeniperimitted; to overbear. When till our-few -oranges. ripen. ',VDo-.,onb
j.the-tfluitsets' so close as to: touch each think I-:shali'bank'my'treesfitil friend
..otlther;ev~rytotherone, or more, should -(Observer), i:Mitchellr, starts' anblizzafdj
i.besthinnediout. -It'is better.to have a this way, aind then,'-.Yafter.Athe'1tal j'is
"smaller-snumber'opffineLpears .than a over;":'iwill remove the.pe.wder.)oeastli
S-.idaiteFrinumbeirJot.small ones. Treated and-:wait for another. ,
..in.thisnway, and.thetreewell-fed, the I am -made, sad by-theinewsF of.'thfe
.afnit iila':taking one,;:and a .profitable deathh of Major a- P. Rooks. :The)State
ilwarkdtuiee. loses a 'splendid .man,: and;-werishall
.- iij .he loeCoatenis-orfiom- th6eUhines miss-hihnmigreatly atb;out Horticultural-
: ,.sand .pear, asi.bie-fferzisi=-buttsaye- meetings. .. -
... ".:.pwh. i.s.embkes:r hefi'ther Y. tNttiBERbNuiq. C%
.. oiS psome.;.degree, it.inot much like it' Ormond, Nov. x6, 1896. f.' .
V .- .R,"'- -.


a tVW 1rnrdo NWm.- : : NO.ateBR 0I
.- .- -: -?, - " "; . ..4 :-:;;
izap~~e-"lt %`d f rng ain Phil-. .makeiheadwayinEngland, etc.,.against
idiljhiai. Mediterranean fruit. : ..
'Theseasa'n Tor grape T-ruit is open- On .Ctober'.3d a.1argecqyirigniient
iqg, 4nif so-far 'has been marked by of Floida(?) fruit was sold'atCovent-
very.,igh, prices ini'this market. Man- Garden, and yet the first Maffatees '(a
ger '. A. Watenrn,'of the Philadel- few boxes only) only -left theyiees on
phiia Auction Co., Jast week sold. the loth of-October.
consigfiment at '$13.j5o per baril, I belive the retail trade: could. also
.w.h'ch is the .hjgestprice received this- -be partly controled.
year in the entire United States. An Fl. QKERMODE. .
thpse w.re f partly unsqupd.' Thecase Gulf' Hammock, Fla.
of'-this. ,yery h4,~hp:6ice wyas the tein-' Bowto' or Fos.
.porary,scq4t. t .he exent to.wv How toRPrevent Injury FromFrot.
*PhiladelIia iules pl. 6ve otherm'ar- In studying methods of preventing
.jts .p.y, be feen from the fact that' injury from frost it is necessary to' have
. A', ," "' ,' I . .. I,'-u r
te.. someday gryIpe', truit bdoigh[t.by- a clear knowledge of how and why the
the:e,..ie .te~iper' and sent to New. 'temperature falls and frost is :pro-
Ydrk., b -htnl$, 7,. "There a"r iduced. .
about .io;graperiuit hn a barrel. "; The surface' of the earth is contin-
All'the'gi-pe iuit-wIich has *been ually losing heat by radiation- into :
@old. herq spdar. has. come, from Jiama- space, but during the day it usually:.:
,ica.,.fn,the 'oe segmer, .efprr.edtb receives heat from the sun more r ip-.
,there uretg, 5oo barrels,.and..the,de- idly than it loses it by radiation, and
mand seemed to ..take care of all:.of therefore it grows warmer. Radiation, '
,hem and consequent' loss of heat, tak'es'--.
Ajilittle dater .in ..ithe-. season some place most rapidly when there is noth-::i
grape&.uitwilkioome from California, ing to obscure the sky. Clouds or any .
but the.quality of these is souinferior other obstruction act as-a screening re.-
that they cut no figure -beside-ithe .i- 'tarding it. The escaping rays- of heat'
maica fruit, beinrthick-skinned and strike the obstruction and are driven.'
lacking...in u flavor. -lherere also a back to the earth. This is why frost:,:
few, ,Florida.,grapefruiti,.but they also is more likely to occur- on aclear..-
cuta smalefigure. night than when the sky is cloudy It;
u : "m-a '"r. ', "also explains why smudge fites, by*
Last year.grape fruit sold at enor- forming a screen of smoke over the or
mous..pices, and; the demandd was chards,area a protection agaisnt frosts.
therefore ogreably, curtailed. This year c, ol ai i s he i
there are: prospects .ofmuh lower Cold air is heavier than warm air,
prices. .. and this principle causes the air on .
A .,leading. PhiladelphJia fruit im slopes, as it becomes chilled byrad..
:. ,- "."",hi. eph$. : m "- -[ "" ;" "
porter,r who .istby no means extrava- tion, to flow down into- the Va0leys;:...:
nt. in.i.s) ideas, expressed the o.n-, where it accumulates and becomes in-.
nfastee at.,h amaicaorange juriou"s. We thus understand why :>
was destmned, :.Antime to knock- the trees on the foot hills often escape -in
6ioid j" .clep -. pt. It is .thinner jury from frost, while those in the 'd-
sk'lned, hea..tlinls,.-ith -ore.juice joining valleys are damaged. Smudge -
andibe-tter ,avor.- ,iThis, importerfbe fres are only effective inii broad flat
lieves..:nine ou, often pprs'ns, if,gi ven expanses of land. In narrow aleys....
a Florida.and a Jamaica orange.-to the cold air comes down fromn th nli-:.
test,, w.illichoose the latter. sides and gets underneath'i the simoe .
The -Jamaica .:o-ange. industry- has On windy nights the danger frmrffrost
never..amounted to very much. The is lessened by the warmer ai. bve.,
fruit there, is not produced from groves getting mixed with the colder air' e.
4s it is in .Florida, rbut .is.;gathered up low. ..
all over .the island,.-Irom. any grower The above theories of the radiation .;:
.-who has it,toseli. .A- present:there:is.'of heat and the falling of the colder. **?
a strong, effort: to,geti the,. industry,,un- air are tolerably well recognized.-by .all.:
der a, working, system, lapd, when..it orchardists, but there is another:.and
reaches, his stage. it : is generallytibe- perhaps more important law of -nature, :,
,lieved,.tbat.the Jamaica orange wilL-be which is but little understoodi.;arAd.
the-'Florida f(uit's.,most1 serious .com:- this is the "dew point" theory. .
,petitor. There havebeen a .few FJor- Everyone knows that the atmosphere.":,
ida.orTageqs,in- Rhilade~phia .thisyear,, holds a very considerable amount:-.df:.
rprobably.ioo boxes. Theyihayefsold water, in the form of vapor, and:that.'
at $5-, q:to $6, o per .-box.-.QGocery this invisible vapor which is invaria- i-
Wor.ld. . bly present in greater or less quanti-:
Allof wvhichkgoes ,to-illkstrat4 the ties, can' always. be condensed into.:
old:saa ".gl g4at .''A living dog isbetter water if the temperature of the atmbs--'.!.
.than A da.d.-lion." phere.be sufficiently lowered. -*If :the.:.
--. . condensation takes place at-a tempera:-'s
iGltuardingatha Good' Nknme.of--9Ci&r, ture, above the freezing point of wat&er,',-
Ora'Oae. the moisture is deposited as .dewiif:-;.
Jxditor FanmerBndsumuit-Gstwer: : rbelow:the freezing point, ,the .condeii-::'
SiByoi.before-A'ugflA.nexbt-( i9 q),the station is in the form of frost. Toful4ly"1
citrus follcibhad bdtteippen itheirleypes comprehend what follows, 'it :must be::!
aindgetaymovejoik them.' ,ibfeehsute understood that the temperature-niat:
bhabrt.--will, agveetwithsme: .that.:the i'which condensation begins. is: calledI; 1'
pAmningioflasioFk"ids frTutof.okinges the-dew-point, and this varies withuthe..
ifpomMeaiicp,iqt.^giwjlikif-Un.hicked, -amount of moisture or vapor.n ,inithe::1-
ineot year at,least. atdiatdlatkstftwork air. The greater the propoition.u.f ,
iretrievable daknaga-to-the istrngghng moisture:the less the -fall lof .teml :
?rosierof Qhli' State. tur required to condense itt," mint ao
., aSiposei~~fdnstas e,-tisiyea=aees -or-.frost., Wh.en the air-.isjsatusted,
EoiE aarnfustetaithea~ma otirof rnamy withtmoistUre :tbe, dew-point riwil IEb&
fruit just as.we were commencing to reached at a higher temperature than, I
'" .

















do obe oece uni h1hromt etu adn ao oth to-ueares togi






e eit the caton -o stbe e auei fvlea
o~~ oh amoun No erpo CO th 0 e'Ai. b
-kepn te ad oit bmenso -irs- heea,,wie .dud teris hi biit f urlnd ogrwgrssbt,,a- te a e iieit anotb ac
reetiriaios hn oiras heetbisinAimaw uxn, fwrmtagodpros?.An ontyta 0.meh~ oehs*h: .i-wte
dewpo ad rot akbd fome %t *..tz~`_c6 tV.6,-' a dtae i, it- arel Ad omwr oelyinta lwe


tiao nofcodneesrto sn rat -i hi ote osdiinst.rn
a1 00 d 11.wes andta ma nueio

enl of sees, th i
of-te tmssom s hi,,ao~- s-6rd~~e a te o q& cleaes wy o ro tok s ouse .,apCCih
pbee roi alin tO 3 dgresyo ewpontths idth-'t-eat'is st feebyfunihig'ii~wih ren.patur woudi-Akethegrss edvis~g
ar sf. Afrs igt t myaperAn tns o.ris hetepraur.fo~146b~t posbl erod.Ths r teaach ndth bbr46.ueer,
it~~~~~~~~ 1,,A o e a ofrhr oeteofld si~otaieida
air frd i atEveiy-qia 11 ts- N-Aref-A0
vapo, inthe es hil theNCr
-,ad~he-an gijn o~ductclii-th--s~riiid,!'red-r- anfrnih-asur fo hs rea dalofdamgetothefritng

a. 1 e dal 1n! ij~, is
Com -bterU
_eoms ito pla. Hrtiultual leaer.a hlf ongr. Tis s a.g mtadvn god~ erial maureis
-~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ---c-- i-hi l 1
: _.-.'- I tge, ut i is nt th onl one. This c poash T s h6 d e pp
:,,,::,,Ofco&5,_J iswel undrstod'thd




at im ro e
ph ric- apo. T ish .e Iat-1 s 4at I .iw idi-ft~hl, 16i:, ,d0
ivetiate~sabls hic o cttee-Pat tinhepcesno.af
t -p r ad h nte prison ''I 0' C
ens( t hiy jy rndes--hem alrnotoxm t rm ytb ad oba ,f
d i 0 fos' or de,; i ,gratDar m'n G uldiaa'i~e e ue rike,,s~o~n oe i l o



el ea
at a evn tnigr'dtre- Y u hve Tf," 'ir-ede rs. f a r~y. Ica'tldin tia ~pi wC
Irio eo~e0*,Mxd
6vo-foc~e t~wrk-Firs, te: adia lage si ~iVfi'Ao~t, 66`pb 4 -
tl, bt toa -o i, c ahl-ishlo ieO e es'
I -h-' --, aiyatlewo
tio orJ16s-,f hat is reucig .the se-i~sbfi~thig,,i '~a-~cebrs,Jr ore'uje~ toit hahbbef ctti `Keroene' s sre eaf!'o-bug '-611

4", tmilk inthe are
empeattie to,te de -poit, hile -seii
















0 0 ... 0 ee





arc $2.0 0e Tonea.p






Most r ........ ..e ...........p0 o 1

P h s h o i o fl .. . . .... .. .. . . .. . a gi9nmf ~ f o C t o




00d fro Nirae efSoa Blod Cotton Seed eelonAi







Popae hn adtis e mts ostas= (nt1)AculPts .......... ..... o
,0iiieyfo itaeo oa oto edMaBod

BESTCRO IN TE YERS."Bon, Aid hoshat andSulhatof otah.0
Laty ue3t,.190 ,hi oulqikatn 0n 'atn ferize.T ento
00'8' e d.Fse oes
IjgdWlon& otersSrwwrpea Friie o ysnw),rycb.gnmtre ifrntigeint:i-epeily:-
0i-rw .(ine. S GN. Tl 'ptsh r

mor 0x ns Crad n
BerresTorzllrfiti -i'alngsie o-thee Vbe cnviced
7*
b V iui~b'T6eoMnrs loa0ipe
Weasohveaages l.o teClerte .J.Bkef i~sdnil gealead 0 '








0netcd and 0etlzr ie 70 e-o.
ran O'i-SabdeI iset te os ofPoatoCutue. whch il lst veagIg or urtosixouce







1896! THB FWRMA FAMM, AIM FRUIT-GROVM.

kulthing *-ith pine straw, oak- Anyorlecandoaswell.. Anyfarm- giains. And for moulting season, we
X
leaves, :or with stable bedding in tbe er -and villager, or their wives, can :have never fed anything that is near its .4":
er L
P
...-low, after the seed has been covered make it pay raising inter 10" chicken, if equal. We never have had hens lay 'E
thedepth of an inch or so, and sub- they will. It is pleasant work, and it 'so well during this period as when fed
v
sequent cuftivation' in the ordinary is profitable. The cost of raising chick- on Kaffir corn. We think so much of has, Pro en conclusively t4at
Mariner, gives abetter yield than clean ens to eight weeks of Age, where there this grain asa poultry food that were better 'grapes I an& peach.esg'
culture 'but it is doubtful it it will pay is a number of them', -say fifty to one -we living in the city where we could 7!
for thelextra labor required in accu. hundred, should not exceed $io per I not raise it,- we would h I ire some one and more of them,,are produ6al
mnlatrug the material unless in a very hundred, orten. cents- each, while the :to raise it for 'us, if we could not buy when Potash is liberally ap,
dry season. Cotton seed hulls, as a price obtainable for them would doubt- it at the feed store. plied. To insure d full cro f
Z f
"niulch, are notsatisfactor They are less vary from: twenty-five to fifty cents
1. choicest-quality use erti izpr:
not sufficientl absorptive., according to locatiah and demand.r One Dollar the Average.
Harvesting should not be effected Taken on the minindrn basis, there z ntaining-Y not- Jess than Io%,:--.,
ExperimenA' made in different scc-
until full maturity hasbeen attained would be a profit Of $15 per hundred. Itions show thAt the cost of feeding a
by t & tu 'bets, which continue to grow Any person should be able, to market henone year.is about $i, and that the A ctuat Pota he
as.lonig 'as the tops are alive. of the prfitl
For, a, hundred a month-,Jor each is aboutthe same, the gross re-
extra early. sales' the crop should, of winter months, whilesorne -would dis- c6ptsJrom th,,e ben being about $2 a Orchards and vineyards treat-e-
:,...Course, -be dug as soon as marketable. pose of a great manv-More, thus mak- year. Of couTse this varies according.
d, wi h Potash- are com.pard'-'
The sun should not be allowed to fall ing a good revenue off winter thick- :to the breed cost (if food and 1cca-
on th6lftbers, any l6riger than, can b&,,'ens-. a profit that can'be raised on the _op, being sometimes more and son,, tively fre fr. o
avoid6kand wooden trays, not split farm at a season when nothin else times I is accepted t 'disease.
9 ess; but:it :bat $1 plant-
bakks, s6ouldi b6:!us'ed1 in handling."" .-H. B.' Greer id the Agricultural' pa- $i profit is made All A f, 'b
can ys the cost, iind b.uf Tertiltap-inuge, yac6aleza
Epitomist. :from each hen., I With small flocks, periTenton.the best
t6ld in a little book which we publish ,rnd will gladly
wbere -table scraps are put to se and mailfree to auy farmer mAmema who will
t Ration.
POW Y. Tue Bee't F;t7t*ehlng
when the labor is of but little value, GERMAN KALI-WORks
---------- ---------------- In those sections where sweet pot4 9j Nassau St New'- Yrk.
the cost is reduced, and the profits
Edit6d:.VyS.A. DeLANOY, Apopka, Fla. t H the use of small,
Oes, are grown east Y,
Iarger.-Poultry Keeper.
potatoes for poultry will make an ex-
iBing Wintei chicken. cellent ration for fattening poultry' FAIRVIEW : PINE
a in- 'I he Us"e of Dry Earth.
NOW is. t e, time to take hold of the tended for market. Cooked potatoes, We have always cautioned our read-
Chicken business with a
-determination thickened with corn nial, wi, put ers not, to'. oerlook dry dirt for the -..,Choice
t k It is the
o. ma e it pay., season of more flesh. on a hen in theshortest t before the
winter, an d t6 storei away
ax w en''t e farme any other d know In
'h' h r and th' 11. fob rains set, in.,
ie ye' e v time than n We do not refer to road-
lager shouldcobside'r the advisability fact, any kind of food rich in sugar du Pineapll[
t, which is not very.clean, but to
ic i
i, of raisilak chickens for. the market., will fatten stock or -.poultry quickly, j i4, dry earth, which may besifted,
'itiperior to sweet,
N traising themto maturity, but up and-therie is'nothing
and put away under shelter, It isex- Plants
to an, .eatable- 'size only, for the most potatoes for that purpose. Such food, 1 f
excellent, not on, y, or, the hens in winter,
profitable age atwhich achicken can :however, Js not suitable forl ne of the best substances
be;sold is just as soon as it is large hens, aswith hem'fa AsAetrimental
to.,use in stalls for cattle. or as an absorr
to laying. Poultry.Ke osts
en6ugh1to eat and there is scarcely a eper. 'Almost noth- Smooth Ctyonife 11 Horn i.ordwilil,
breed, the,%cominon sort included that ore.beneficial on t e
Fertile D 1119,7 .-and is-Th h ------------
will'notieach the', eatable. size in eight Ucks, t4lZ8.
poultry-house floor than any other sub-
weeks from. the shell. A writerWho has observed ducks
stapce.-Farm andFireside. ABBAKA PLANTS A'SPECIALTY.
The'w-inte'rchiclcen, then, is:a. oung. states that When'. they first begin tb'lay' 7
chicken that'is scarcely feathered, And early in the winte they lay, Perhaps Ground 14Zts and Fish 'N
r" FE PRICE
ge run in which t f h t for .-i
it does'mot r,' veek, and those eggs are
quire a ar one egg per you carino get res mea
ler" a it will thrive and'almost wholly infertile. As the season OREANDO-!FLA.;-;
to grow e your poultry, oi, if the expense. is. ap, P.. 0. Box. 449.
growjust as well-1 a warm, roomy advances the egg tide incirbases, and great, use the commercial
broodcrimith alittle run attached,, as 'the- fertility alsountil they are proctuc- ground meai. Fish is also excellent
ing very nearly an egg a day apiece, fot-duck
anywhere. e.se. s if the eggs are to'be used -for HOME GROW N:,
-13 Lit it Will not do to rely on the old and. those eggswill run as many as 90 hatching, and ground fish will be very
hen or trust- to.'-her. goodness to go. w per cent fertile., This hi h tide last In the s
s acceptable to them. winter 2,
sitting,,4t the right.,time.-.. The person but a short time, and then begins to- season, when 'rain is largely -used Pinpa ple,] Sllip i
uldraise winter, chickens must fall again, the eggs eadually growing
who wo mek or fish will serve to su ly the
have' an', incu bator and a brooder., fewer and the 'percentage of fertile deh'ciency of nitrogen., One cent, a Ud
The'n...be.willneed only the, eggs- toz, eggs fewer, until July or August, when, pound -is about the cost for.ground
Of the Following Varieties
begin."Operations,7 and it is much easier it will have practically ceased. 'Poul
y me4t or fish, and they are very cheap,
tp,get,eggs than asitting hen, evendn. try Keeper. even At double the price.
1Z0P1 SAL
winter.,
..Kaffir Corn for Poultry-
Thelfarmer ho is'equipped with Roland & Kells, of Citra; were in IAN
ABBAXA,, PORTO R'CO' EGYPT
making Arrange-
an 111CUbatar arid a brooder can utilize ;A writer it! the' Western Poultry thli city yesterday;_ QUEEN GOLDV E-- LEY
all the d ys"6f winte Breeder says that after two years' ex dts to re ack. Fort Myers oranges, 2 EN QUE N
QUEEN2 SMOOTH CAYENNF,,PER-
when nothing. can, Aone out of perience:: with Kaffir corn for Poultry, which Will be shipped here, repacked
he is ready topronounce it par excel ar shipped North. They haV -bee NAMBUCO AND RED SPANISH.
doors,' All: such days %he can turn,--tc. e n
fu
t i lence.
ad libed apackingy-house by Captain Apply'to
van age- by devoting. them to the
Strobliar, of the Plant System
-ctliur6 of wint' ens.. "It is good for little chicks or for j, -MATTHAMi, I
G, 0.
We' have raised-.,; chi6kens. large Old fowls. The grain is, smaller than, It is, estimated that the ill handle
8 t 25 ooo'boxes this sea- F16rida Pin apple Compa
enoug to, eat without their ever *heat and, little chicks will beginto from i coo o
I eat'it -by the time they are -a week old 7 Or to,
touching the' ground -* I son. -7Tropical, 1,ies.
an incubator in December, kept in a iand will grow like magic. - They are The largest crop of cabbage in the MAD1)OCK,.&.,MATTHAMS-..
hot water. brooder until theypt4err6d very forid:. of it and the, music they tiofi is being planted,
hisipry of this sec West Pa in each F
ox wit -devouring it is enough to no I ".1a;
arge b A a gunny sack stretched make while 7-
t,16wever, to the exclusion of other
,t- across it low'down fo. them. to. gladden ,the "heart of any chicken
cro R s,.as a greater variety of vegpta
h h' th d -& crank. Their little crops'will stick out
die'undiar at mg t, t ey rive an blesaban 'usual is -being planted.- INFORMATION
fattened and untilyou will almost think there are 0 t's Weight.. G
were spl'endid beating, coee item in Orlando Reporter. For
too when place&bn'the tabl two chicks instead of onea sort -of
e. And H- W. Colem f Dade City win t, e be tvvire.fenc
an, o Dn earth horge-high, Ml-sltrong an
yet-t ey, 6w. fib% Siamese twins; as.it were. But dont wirv
h kri thing of outdoors; the made on one and a lfalf acres of g-tilgh ,,Lt1emtud
Witse man i3rog. P-B. Ridgeville, Ind.
earL11,-or,,ran-e of any sort. Confined worry about i them; they will not be I 'S''
ground this year. 1,500 pounds of-
*-S) "16sely in hotweather they would -bound; forthe.. Kaffir corn does cigrar' b Tanipa
to acco, which be. sold to,
o'ubtliess; h n t swell in-their crops. It has th'
ave sickened and 'degWr'p, 'at 6o cents per pound amount-
snow o n hi a rare, quality: at
But with to. such a- degree th
grouni -h handsomie' su m- of $go6.
ar o- ime-aridato-ld per,- thbugh'itbe-oaked in water overnight 1*,,froni, this. 5 to cover a
"it d6esnot,swell.: : -,
time-- --without they ffrew ........
th SNOffE YUL(R A(EAr--'
penses, and we haVe: th`6-het -S'i W/771,'Ix--`
ed- in their comfortable, "Ai-16r`f d: f6i-.,' $('' or 'sor'nethirig over 00"Per 9AUSERSUQU16
foL L
l';`qUarters. have und it as' good As thebe'st, Of acre -Soutli -Fl6ridaMetropolis. 16RIM
4
7"







6 Q
it 'J -


77i4T* /


.:.: JOWattdevidv.didpae.i t*/c,- anm

I'l.: present practice is 6so'buri 6fnsome an'
jq:...thwgii a.fla stod yil 'are' 'so: u
i' merqat andm$iwiMbfinidthaAi.t-seenu
S, ama.mnh auafppQplt.sh9,l&.holdrtc
R i.one a .dr'es'ise tlie'other; and in act
:. ualfl8teit *Wil B@Mbfi! iti6 o RV
*cha willbi brafighorabowvp9nl)
".. after a long and-stubborn' fight. -
E::Broc* jrijsp4giswler_
': The fish busiiiess in" the Alnatect
: rivedfirbw E infsi ilqge ;jr0oporr
l" -"tion.s- TAraidentoa ..Journt men
-toeftf""-- t iai -ee'Beb0t J gedf '
-.fishing, and that theseg- havebeeE
S.:: catip",.Qq As .fi..ja..week.r for- some
TO"Wte'qllds a ,*e6kewill
.sooi&ie ds ,adtusishthe, boat.
S.'capacty, SYehmy-fiexoa cr eighty
i..boats are cohntanly rthning for the
4 St.' Peersburgjirade:
'.i Bh : "Ih-gloSe henlrally",iook.well;':and
.....many owners are putting on all the
i groves need. Some'arein- the busi-
-n: ness.extensively. The mefdhnts -seem
.a'to. do a good business, and have large
,.and' well stocked tdes:."VWe met a
'-.'niumber, of old-time friends all seem-
ii.ing cheerful. Budding,-is.:still going
r dion ".and all -4ftt'd'to "baink tiees. It
'i's an enjeywablesightto drivefor.miles
aroundd .Crescent.City.,and look at the
|, &-thri(t -#pearance of groves.-Palatka
?- ;'.a e .. =: ,. .-.
i;, Recorder. '
.... Articles of iinc6rorration' of the
SOscedhr 0o'operatie,-Association: have
,"" been signed. Capitalo-stock is $ o,-
S'ooo,; R. E.rR.se0' S,:-Partin, W.
;-: H. Mann, J'.S.' irtin and T. J. Par-
-:. Ttinstklt~f&iintdtporators -and, :direct
-..iors. The--rassbeiation- has leased- the
SKti!Jamou s"`SoithpeI.r -:Farm,., andr-will- at
S..once plant larel'of.vegefgbles, cairde
Si' t.fobacco- an-pea-ach'es.-- R- E-. Rose
w: was made -puesdfit and"general. man-
'::.ager., 'A ntmitt'tof tlk.besttrirckers
w'- ""will,,oi -ther association, which is
:puiol j iat4k 6Mte.TampaTribune.
The shipments4'frledtt..- frbmi the
?: Gainesvilledistgiet last year-.,aggrega-
ted about .-, paka .f an
acreage of about 825 adres..' During
lf ii k shipYn'tis *were' being,
^.mide~lHeai~tkdt9iriW New YV&k and
^' Phildi) tf0l *lJ WaMre' attne,, time glottud.
: and lettuce 'biroughl about $a2.,5o per
package on an average, after the ex-
::press charges and the cost" of ba-skets
:. had been paid. Aayiiny-madefoitunes
wi. ::ith~ltvirtop, ahdrenc6irabed-!by the
.i.:-resultdis last year, the farm ,witl all.
":*: plant more ori.ess.of-iti this-year
;i. p. U to .this- morning, 807 -bales of
tobacco hatve beenwithdrawnfrom the
bo.n. ebdehouse--:this- month- for-
lo^ l,.su off.ti : ,~ur~ging1thwh ole
of P__ 26o 'bhaisIwe.'e.f.with'i
drnr0fv hi w10.etefot'export
T;ll at-tt.n6w.tn.stock ,8,-, 7 '" received'ddrngthe-
:' I .'. -' : ..'... q," r i~ a it, e, .
.ond0ff 0rom NewYdr Ir-an liGpta'ln!-
.niar"n erphn dkeq A't the hrHiiarv


THE- FLORIDA WARMEtR AND. *fBUUT-GROWfR.


Our


For Our Rut
' In a r
lElorida I
,!lome D(
,change ol
iing house
Iers would
-useful hin
strength.
I I though
request,"
trying to
Hold depa
,j. It is tri
.these day
,when we
aging with
*even dispe
iwasherwot
'f. the han
ally begin
make the
. Let me'
'soak my
thb "first-1
an.d easy v
pqse of th
agin, the
while you
Fikst, prep
T6'every
tablespoon
kdrosene o
a little boil
boil&r; ti'
'6lihes; cc
twenty mi
several tim
'After yo
remove th
will cool
the breakfi
mining in
erdough to
iiie and.
judgment a
but few art
with the f
cdarser w
while these
timhe to rub
rehl dirt is
aniy rubbin
of! skirts,
airns and-t
riiust soiled
bing., Wri
water,: then
will. be'swe
. After th
boiled, the
add,:set at
may -be ru
frbm these;
!A- washi
frbm .one tc
t1ie old. fas
great deal
m6 plain t
tigers in th
rinsingwas
I find no
dnd sun-dr
, Another
dbes, not. i.
powders dc
make the s.
SI.:WilItel
ftrrengtahor
letter. ..
31 x.. c.... s..f,.e


RuralAid Society By
Rural, Hom Foi.r Our Rurskal Bome.
On Thursday, January i4th, there
Blue Monday. .will arrive at the Terminal Station,
, Home. -Jacksonville,.a company of boys from
recent issue of a well-known :the Children's Aid Society, of New
paperr the editress of the York, their ages ranging from twelve
parmen asked for an ex- to seventeen years. Following are the
apartmentt ase o-a x em nwihthese boys, who have
f thought regarding lighten- terms on which these boy who have
work, as many of the tead- been selected with the utmost care, will
no doubt :send numerous be placed in Florida homes:
its as to saving time and Applicants must furnish several ref-
erences, persons of good standing, not
ht at once, "what a sensible relatives.
and since then have been Boys under -fifteen are expected to
add my mite to the house- remain until they are eighteen years
rtmentsof various papers. old. They must be treated as mem-
uly an important subject in bers of the family, be comfortably
s of financial depression, clothed, and sent to school according
have to economize in man- to the educational laws of the State.
out servants, and sometimes When they reach the age of eighteen
*nsing with the services of a they are to receive $25 and a good
nan; and, as Monday is one suit of clothes.
lest of the week, we natur- Boys over fifteen are to be treated
with that. How can we as members of the family. They are
washings easier? expected to work for their board the'
tell you my way: I do not: first month, after which they shall re-
clothes, but, wash .them by ceive, in addition, such compensation
jbil" process. It.is a quick as!shall be mutually agreed upon, but
,ay, and by it one can'dis- in no instance' to be less than at the
ie. steam at once. Ten .rateof $3o a year.
washing may begoing on Should a boy prove unsatisfactory,
are eating your breakfast.' and a change be necessary, the Socie-
are your water for the boiler, ty,, or:its agent, should be notified, and
pail of cold water use two .the boy must be kept a reasonable
fuls of 'pearline and one of lengthh of time; 'until such change shall
il, dissolving them first with be'efficted'
ling water. Stir well in the Applitants' will'pay the fare of- iheir
en put' in the fine white boys from Jacksonville to their desti-
ver closely, and -boil' about, nations. While' it' is preferred that
nttes, stirring them down. they should miet.ainb'd slict their.boys,
es while-biling. -yet in cases"where this is not conveni-
ou have finished breakfast,"' ent, the aniountoftiarem-ay be sent to
e clothes to the-tub; they the indersigned,'bi't must be in hand
while you are washing up, not latk thad Morida, January, 'th;
Lst dishes. To the suds-re- Rmiit by registerdd letter or money
the boiler add cold water ord&r on Jacksdnville. m
cool and a little more pear- Books are now open to receive ap- t
kerosene (use your own plications, which' should be, made r
Ls to quantity; for some have. Promptly. 'Those:received later than
sidles that cannot be boiled' Tuesday, Janfiuary 5th, will be' held '
ine clothes); th-ow in the over for the next company, six weeks E
white clothes, towels1 etc.;. after. HELEN HXRCOURT,
.are boiling, you will have: Fla. Ag't. C. A. 8., I
out the first tubful, for the. Montclair, Fla. a
in the water, and scarcely --
g is necessary; the bottom. Hints to Housekeepers. I
waists, necks, under the "A healthy-infant esleeps-most of
hose places that! are usually the time durin-gLlte'firstm' few' weeks," I
d need. the. only: real rub- .says the New' York State Medical a
ng them into a clear rinse. Journal, ". and-in theearly, years-peo-. i1
*a blueing water, and they. pie are disposed-to-let;children sleep-as, c
et and white. they- will. But. from,. six or 'seven
e second, lot;of -clothes are .years old, when school begins, this, t
boiler may be wiped, dried sensible-polity comes.-to an'end, an'd f
ray. The colored clothes. sleep, is put oW persistently through all v
lbbed out in- the-suds- left, the years up to manhood and woman- N.
it is soft and soapy. hood. -At the. age of ten: or eleven:
ng. done in this way takes the child is allowed to sleep only eight t
) two. hours less time than or' nine hours, when its parents should e
hioned way, and saves a insist dn its. having what it'absolutely. c
of hard rubbing. Some needs, which is ten or eleven-at least;'
hat the odor of kerosene Up: to: twenty a youth needs nite: .
ie clothes. It would if the hours sleep, and an adult should have,:-v
not thoroughly done; but eight.' Insufficient sleep is one of the .e
trouble with good rinsing crying erils:of the day., The want of.
ying. proper rest.and- normal conditions- of
good point, the pearline the nervous system; and especially the -=
njure the hands as sone brain, produces a lamentable condi- t
, and the kerosene tends to Lion, 'deterioration .in both body and:, :
uds more soft yet.' 'm ind,- and exhaustion, -excitability and.
1 you howl I save '-time an'' intellectual disorders. are:. -gradually,
i--ining, day-. -in'.m nei faking theplc pf the love of-.work, t
S ,ELIZABET ;ger swelb an spirit j'f -


NOVEMBER 28,- :


R EVT N. WAYKE Wi LEWT.
INTERVIEWED BY A REPORTE'I,
FOR THE INDEPENDENT. .
He Tells of IUs Recovery from an Iliaess L.
that Threatened to Incapacitate Him-.r ,.
Is Now Able to Attend to His Du-
ties. Has Nothlng but Words.
or Praise for tlihe Remedy
'He Used.
From the Independent, Auburn, N.-Y..
It having come to the knowledge- of:-
the'editor of the Cayuga- County Inde-.
pendent of Auburn, that Rev. N. Wayne!.
Wolcott, Pastor of Baptist Church, of
Fleming, N. Y., had -been cored of ner-,
vous prostration by the use of Dr. Wil-
liams' Pink Pills for Pale People, .he seat-,.
areporter to that town to ascertainfromn;i
Mr.-Wolcott the' truth of thereport, and,.! '
receive from his own lips a statement of
his case and how he had been benefitted.
STie reporter found Mr. Wolcott -t6hb'-.
a'gentleman some 40 or 45 years" of age, : '
i1 'good health, and active in'his minis"'
teal duties. He.is highly esteemed as a
pastor and a citizen, and is: a gentleman .
of strict -integrity, whose- Etatements.can- ..
beii-mplicitly relied uponas truthful:in.-
eiery respect aid devoid of exagg'era- "
tion. In reply to questions as. to"the "
trth of the report that he had--been ..
benefitted by Pink Pil's he made the fol-'...
lowing statement,: "Eight years.-ag. :o
while pastor of the Baptist Chiu ich' ."
Ogvert, N. Y., I was sthickn with- noer" I
vous prostration. During' the winter .of .
1887-8,1 had 'conducted revival services-,. .
and delivered a series of lectures in addi. ,*-
tion to my work as pastor and became,-
completely run down. I could network .
and felt as though my days were' nutim- .
biered. I tried a doctor, but.: did not 're :-.'
ceive much aid from him. :
i"At-t'his time I received acall'from'the'-:-:
church at Tully, N. Y. At first. I de- -'
toeminied not to accept it, for I k'iew.;,
thatiit my weak condition I cotild'i!ot!':..
doithe work.. But hoping against.bboe,.''..
Finally decided to try and' acc6rdingli. i-
wdnt there. My health continued: to'faU.d .) ,
tand I grew weaker, and I thought. -1, I '
would have to give up entirely, my w6'k" .
do'jGod, which I love: Justthen, howe'er-" ,-
he sun broke through'tile clouds:. 'MviC..'
tal'lman, of Tully, whom IshaBlalways..*t .
.enember as a benefactor, recommended' :.
ne to try Dr. Williams'! Pink. Pills.. Hes.
hai'dtried them'and they had 'done'hiiim"
g6bd. As a last resort It ried then.- T'Pld"
effect was wonderful and imm'ediati,"i' .
'rom the very first, box my.systemis'be-,'..
ran to tone -up, my blood. became rich..,
ind once more I became the strong:and
rigorous man I was before my health .
iiled. ":
<'.'My labors, if you know of- the-, lab6rs.,. -:.
if a country parson, you can readily, be-: ,
ieve, were very heavy. I had-notbeen-.
ble to work, and was" losing my interest .
o :the cause of Christ, butlike magdii'y .'
lId vigor returned and foi three rui&e '
Thi-s I labored there arid' raised -$4,000f
ward building -up the Church!in addi_.-.. ;
ion. to my. regular duties.. All, my/.i .
friends say of me that I am a verry hard'.' ."
Working man, but in Covert I could iotr'.'
york. Afte'rI I wefit to Tully add th'.
ills had restored my health. I1 thiio.-' "
-may say that I merited that-name. For.:.
hree or four years after I left Tutlyl did .... -.
.vangelislic work. Two 'years agb I .
asine here. Since then I have never had"" '-
,By return of my old trouble, bnt'ani in ,:
-ood health, .strong and active,- with'no'.'.-. :'
iymnptom of nervous prostration,- whietLh:.A
pas caused by overwork. It isa homely- .
xpression, but I felt like a "wrung-o'dV
ish-cloth without any starch in t" "
I owe my'present godd' healthr'toj la't "
'ills, and want most heartily to' -ofnt-.
send the magic remedy to every :onen #.
troubled with. nervous proAtfraton o.n, 2
physical weakiess." .';.
;Aa a parting remark Mi.'Wayn said..
1 have often-thotight that in rftdritwt.'o:
riat Dr.. Williams' Pink' Pills haveodifion, g
rme,I:wonl. like to becomei'ai.iApdi -
al4misionary to make known their.t'er'
......... "-.'*, ;'l.= g..,".. * ... ..: ...*. "-.. tl..-d
-L'a ,: : ^ "e "e / .= : ;" .-.- ",IdJ"F






:1896. THE FLORIDA FARXR AND fITROWNB. _761.G
S-- -. -. .
S 1&O RWiartx ills aresold.,byall Short Items. K i
;oiei.llglbe. se vii .0nt post aidb o r When such a garden is located on aP In \slftli er.
-':box;-. lPr,,,$2i50 (they: are never sold in the farm a general improvement in all B .n DAYs'.) ' +'
!:;obno ,ibythq100);.,by addressing Dr. agricultural surroundings quickly'fol- & Stumtmd s afe RemedyIn every ase
IV'.: Bmt.lMedicine.Company, Schenec- lows. and every kind of Bowel Complaint la ,
(tad7 .N.Y., Canaigre draws heavily upon the D n I '.
soil and will have to yield a crop of P in "K l lle
Ddstant. and 'carafes that are ven tons to the acre to be as'profita- This Is true statement -tcante .. .a.. .'.

acreto e a prolta Th~ lsarnetatinetan It cabth
istaitiofdidemay*be cleaned with a ,ble as sugar beets. It will probably madetostrgrtooemphtic. :
Smixte of iner ad lt, rock salt be a desirable crop only in those arid .It lI.s simple,'safe and quick cure for ::i
being best for the purpose,. To a regions where little else will grdw. .Cramps, Cogh Iheumt.lm .. .... "
5:i handful of salt-allowea gill-of vinegar; "rL o Colic, Cold bdnralgia, ".
ut Site ouce ofbutr oon f 3
; puk-'bthr i ttie; -detante' and shake Sixteen ounces of butteri to one oCf rr Crop, Toothacie.. Sho rSt, uie Most AtJLLi,
sinseel uits the Scotch. Some of the butter o "''
well unti thestansliawv diapeaed Iris a h god rato.cThirty tose onkeTWSIE.ZcanBa.'OS, U1&t, Arafv,
-i : 'Rinsel~velk.'- ItoL'11
^*: A-Jandsome. sofa pillow cover may get from the groceries tastes like I BETWE. " "N,
ht ... one It i.s poo ecnm to worh.-"I
'. be made. of -figured denim. Outline eight to one. It is poor economy to Figi$100 worthfor Q1 FLORIDA POINTS AND-THENOfft',,
e: p.pattern with rope silk of some dark, increase the quantity of salt because S.E-od,1ents orilate4. ... ."k o ... b.ow
ah~qend -ihrp ~ figuresdrk withponwenb 631 oLat FREE LIBRARY ini your I..,allty *THE
rich, color, and fillin-the-figures with costs but a cent a pound when but- woat th wbr . lINtq Fl fraIad ,1S, .
i::i!!'MIN ft. ridak,-i?-:enhrl and h~nipu :, i!
S gol 1o.red., silk n, the darning stitch. ter is twenty five. ,o0M t.'9- rt,*. lon..aI uen ...... t ....
: Formshanpooing:. take- five. cents- Pull up the big-tomato vine before NEW THROUGH ROUTEMtJU
'. wohb vfwipowdereditcastile '-soap th& :the first hard frost and hang it up in grapefruit (pomelo). Health, comfort 'New York'to Jaksonvilleby.'
santqiantiy ofbora; add to them .fh cellar. The green tomatoes will a happiness demand it. New Florida ennsyvania . toWs--
ad tond themHll n't 8outhei R dfil~ d ;
o! .giil, t radually ripen, and continue the NirtLie clnumbia; Florida Central ..'S:--
: two"r tablespoonfuls. of. alcohol, the rie, ad Infertile eggs will keep four times Air Line. Peninsular to' all principalrr.
beateirpyolk.-,bf, an egg-and-a-pint of season of fresh tomatoes. as long as fertilized ones. Therefore pointsin Florida.
"" ." Qinclnnadt~ to Hirim h iMnB :.D
': hot water. Put this in a bottle and Good food cheaply raised and eco: p the cocks away from the hens cinein-atli to o Harireet
cork it.tigbtl.- :.WhenMused, ,rub well nomically fed to good stock, means when the eggs are not needed for . i. eandj oion toas---
godA o h amrad ,teeg r ntnee o seil .. 1 vIeimnd coltjiiibiau-btSdMbr--
i :infqthe,.scalp! andumake a good lather, independence for the farmer, and hatching. er Railway, and Forida -
:Car.,fulywi sh the hair in- several wa- !enough ol it means general prosperity.. gourdseed"asonie I Central & Pensnsilar-Colum.-
Ster!shairingthe first- water hot and the A good tool house and ample sheds i spe G a re e iC-inatitoJacksonville.by: "
lispcorn produced by a grower in Her- aincinniimwen rscnto .Oat ..
Ia-'ltne cool. ,This wiUlprevent -taking sufficient to house wagons, harness, cor, p u b g e Her- a Centto- .v
nando count,, is thus described by the and cingal [ outeenrsn B'y to' .hat
col&ifthe 3hair-is dried..thorougbhly. plows, hoes, in fact all the implements t, wesie two Limited. solar toallimportant lorii ..
Brooksville Star: "The ear weighs tloridaette,dFloridm Central &Pdfiid-
J:' Plalitsi-that-ihave:been. recently re- pertaining to the farm, and a shop and' one-half. pounds; and measures Jpotnt.. p -. .
..potki palms- especiallyshould not where they can be repaired in wet twelve inches in length and ten inches Kasa city- KansasCity Fort Scot & :
Oahis esecaly inch 7MemphihR.1to19ah~iaW'LJ;,.:"""2
Lbebroughtihat once into, a living room, weather and kept in readiness for use circumference. Thiscora wasgrow a K .
-.:but-keptcwhere.it.is ;cool : nor. should when needed is a necessity and will pin mernce Thistor' to Everette, F pa.iCentra] -* .
-mr0 .tu in Penasda without fetiizng aond .
i. '"theytterwatered,soplentilullvas when be found on every economically man- o pine land, without fertlizi Peninsubartoall Fla pos .
a fis not a clear cut giant by iiself, but is St Lou] to Jacksonville by--
`..hejd.werein a .pot-bound condition, aged farm. e ten acres." South Ioitrt L t 1io
%a sample of the ten Acres." ot1Holly Sp'gs 111inotsCeni-slOWt'
2g M- Adgood method- for raising the Do not put off till to-morrow the ern-Ruralist. Route.' Kansas'City,-Memphls&;rig.:4.r
-,.: crui.&pilelbf velvet-is'to:cover a hot mending of harness or fence, or -care- __.-- J ngin toflirmingheea mi : Soi..
tii;'oir 'fe&diupward, with 'k 'wet-"cloth, fully cleaning or housing tools alter All stone fruits require large amounts, Sioux City& SncaKbtoJab -
,,:lay "M-velvet-bi'tthis;,i'nd'ttien gentlyusing. "A stitc in time saves, nine" of'potash. Oranges, peaches and plums '-ly Sp'gs S/lil K '* Ce n tM.&B.".toff fi ;
f" beaI.th,6'Irsedv-pat- with a clothes is good sense as well as good rhyme should have at least 12 to 13 per centof Route.... mingam Sou. R'Ly. to Ever-
.*.ebruflWLayh-di tele'ouf -'on a flat -and is pertinent in these hard times, potash in icor mercial fertiimers usdd. "1b sndt'he FC.O. P.
-dd,,.,. not-t.u. i u.. t. f NorthrnfameFor the fruits sulphate of potashis pref- Lous'llle & Naoh'ilet'o,'ve"
Spla idd Ot-t uCh't imtl-it is Northern farmers are more and enable to muriae or kainit. New Oi I Juncton. F. O. & : tly
St "To route with Ibrough sleepers
ii.perf'tly'd drmore using the cow pea to manure We repeat former advice, to promptly .Jackso'vitle between New Oridans. and
.*."- Wen tlhe dining table requires to their land. -The Southern farmer has kill a sick chicken before it infects others. J5k5 ll -
'. '.I "t' .' L, Th F. 0. &".h s70iie ftd
.be .iadeI smaller and the felt under the advantage of both a fodder crop, Foraging fowls are generally healthy The F & P. has 00 miles of track
-be -Florida- rdnnlng throughtie '
i clot6is tod longj fasten small loops to a good article of human diet and ones,Ta"eR i t .ana Dairy Hbctc,,
: each corierof it and catch them on restoration of the soil. Cow peas or The Florida wire grass steer if now d oS .e ...ndSir:. '. L-
.s"mall. h'& screwed on the aun- leggiar weed should be sown in every stalled and fed on gras, cow pea vines, ot.age, Banana aid Pineapple ntih.:
-sma -s tr beggar weed, cotton sped meal-and grain oP kate Bh I -D..-... ':.
iYderiUleof thetab.le. corn field when the corn is laid by will make beef equat:to the Chicago arti- ase Siver i ana ad .ri ":.
^ iyy. that have become and in addition to two crops in one ce.- gano Gret'Htia Oointrp. -...
I -iord carvings b a- becomeu rea-thN nlsh t.
rdisc dc "be rest.usng.a. season, there will be a well fertilized A country store is a poor place to buy. ahes lands for tillage, greatFest a
..flannel wet in turyntine Put them field for the following season. garden seeds: In this climate they may etyof soils in the State, and above all
in.the sunshineli'r tree or four das Bananas make good cow feed. B soon lose their vitality, and should b Rns over the C tral Rgelad
'.aft '-rubbigand Wtthe leaf and stalk serveforfeedan bought as near to the grower as possible; Where It Is High- and-Healthy. "
a wt-theii leaf and slalk serve for feed and oneProsperous towns fill its route and It offers
.agaih they are. ithe sun. writer says the cows will gnaw the The hardness of the times makes it es- the best freight tacites f r any itoddodeto
': i:i W ,.. 'e h: t. -smsd niote ru adsential that as much fertilizer be made in the Nbst fern marketsfa. f a :
b nydoy' living in'an ..apartment stumps down into the ground and the compost heap as possible: The me-- 'Send also forthe best mof' Florida (sent
t thinks it will pay to grow bananas forhanal effect of humus in retain ) note theo
il;:::"'Witi :[ ii"cl6 t fibmcarih .kdex : 'chagnical effect of humus in retaining.. A :. MoOEL ..,.
t' celiten't us oft a ordinary shoe box cow-feed. .. moisture is essential to success in garden- .. Jacksoonville,.la.
.. thai" a bei gatia" hoe sto- re. Line A field well seeded in beggarweed ineg. "
e ins, w r ang turned under every fall with a .
... fasCe'n1 lie top- o with hinges, anid two-horse plow wil produce a good STATE OP OUo, CITY oF TOLEDO, 6 Offers to Shippers .
.ovi:. -I.a -_ .2 t;. Z .. O op!o corn continuously,- and im '. LUCASCOUNTY. '
co e otiside-'of. 'box with crop, of corn continuously and im LcasCONT. Shortest and- Quickest Route :
pk etty denim. or cretonne, tacked on prove. A field alternated with pindars FRANK J. CnmeY -makes-oath that. he.
".".pretty, uentmror .cretonne, tacked o'n. he II -,-- ETWEEN...
ovrasheet of cotoin batting Finish or cowpeas and fed down will do the is the.senior partner of the, firm of F.J. J N"
.:, ,ro.d -t o- w patn -same. CdENBY &Co.,-doingbusiness in the City FLORIDA AND ALL POlNTS-INr
arouf the topeia th an platng rde .. ., Statio of Toledo, County and State afore aid, TEH', ASTAN -WEST..
of tK ateria], and put-oh wi-h small lne. Kentucky E-xp.enment Station .-ts com-
wt ha. ii h" s l Te -Kent ukys Exerent o .o and that said firm will pay ite sume of "'With Improved Ventilated Oarstbls orn-
braiss- ,"- ais .' Bulletin says the food f moles HUNDRED DOLLARS for each y isbetterv equipped r .
bra s." OE HUNDREDDLAS o w dietprnen ebal
S- th ttaemond every case of.CATAH tat cannot [ae t a de o
... ...___ almostexclusively animal and that the ed every case OfCAT H th' 'nn ueloseonnectionand rom- -, .
-:. B-"' ." small amount of vegetable matter they be cuued by the .use ot HaLL's CATAURRH to all Eastern andi western :arke
Dra .ewd4PIdd.! EureB tlil.Tioukh -oars'to destifittoitith-" I
.. eat is incidental, taken 'while procur" OmUaR F. .
, food. Is it the same wt 87 FRANK J. ?CHENEY. otot '5di.ue a o y...
& f perisbable- freight fo..ow. by- wire. AnA-
REFIELD the salamander of Florida? -Sworn to before me and subscribqd in shippers advised time easing v"lons;_Jnc "
.. .R F u0 the, salamander' of Florida? en S 6 dayo mb" ^vi so ;3 .
Again w u e t mypredence,this 6th day of'December, tlonpointsand arria l at .... "a._O...
:nm Again we urge upon every Southern A. D. 1886. i tolaan for overohar ges andlospropt- .
"- I..: IU."'" --" "".. farmer or householder to make prepa- & A. W. GLASON, yd it t your goods are,ng'iiied :
i:... -... .ration f(ir a family, garden-in the 5EAL Notary Public. ia'--C. ":. ':."
4r iiuteioneers. : farther.South a winter garden-where. is ror 'oimatu an. on or a.ddlls.lbe-s TheU'. `i
... P .all vegetables not affected by a light and acts diretly on the blood and mu-a o.&TILORTrav.A'gtOoaa.fla :" :...
~t-%~,~~ds~eai ofVeg tables do not forgetl ao strwbrr bedo ord the tetioi.h freeYLO Tr v. -
Sfrost can -be raised.in perfection..And ous surfaces of'the syitem.- Send for nal .. '.. ,..4e
hdas'edeiberetn. strawberry bed, ;r'the .ttimonials free. .-
;pl^^ti^ig^,,,ti^ a pei FJ.GCHENBY,--jO.& T6eoi''^ ^
-V- ti.S Lj,^''^ Aee i'freesiL'and an Eloida some oranges and' 'r-"n f'wJ8uSoldabWy-DrggiglB,75c :feta-A.N fneidztl *fS
-. : .", v..-..
.?1.. O .. O ,. "s' r.!-1 .". .
... .. . .. . ... ........ ..... Xtii 'M... ... . ..
.4 "nP'IP. ..":,-:.. .-A-...:.. --..1.... RM.':.+ :!:,.,+, *.-'.L .'' > i : ., .+ .; ::..' '+: :!. : :.: y .+







". 762


Florida Farmner and Fruit Grower.
A., Weekly Newspaper published at 16 Main
Street; lackaonvile.'-Pia. '

TBEMS8 OB' SUBSoIfPTIOI
F' or One Year .................,....... ...... 2.Soo
Fo r. Six Months ................ ........ iob
In Foreign Countries- ....................... .00
S ;'Subscriptions in all cases cash in
'':.. advance. No discount allowed on one's
S.. ownsafibcription(except in a club), butte
S. : all agents liberal cash commission will
." be allowed on all subscriptions obtained
:, by them. Write for terms.
... To. every new subscriber we will send,
osti: osmid, a copy of' Whitner's "Garden-
,.: '. ing in Florida." For two new sub-
e n'- Aohrs, at $2.00 each, we will send,
.::.. ostd,' a copy of Moore's "Orange

.: Rates of advertising on application.
R: imittances should be made. py.check,
postal jibte, money."'order or registered
l,; letter to order of .
ARMaBR AND FRUIT OGROWER.
'.-. ." "" Jacksonville, Fla.
t. :- .. ...


CONTENTS.
G:.. ov' .'AD, ORCHARD-Peacbhes in South
Florida; St, Michael Oranges; Letter
tfrancriesoto County. -.................... 755
T'..,'-. he Kieffer Pearand kindred sorts; Tar-
.' .. red Paper for Orange Trees; Litter from
'!.:': :*' .the fst Cdast; Grape'Frult and Oranges
.':.'.""'.: ih iladelplhia: Guaidng the Good Name
T''- "" of our -Oranges; How: to Prevent Injury
;, -. .. ffo o'st .... .................. ... ... 756
." ".'LIVE 'SOCK--The Cow for Him; Raising
'" airyu- ". elli in.ihe SouLh ... .------........... 75-
P: .FARMER AND TRocKERE-Strawberries in So.
A.: .. Alabamna; Experience withWhite Crickets 757
:.7 .. . I -: '
S-" .. Potto Cultuire ,No. 3 ..................... 75S
.-'..' POULTRY-aisingWintcr Chickens; Best Fat-
:'' tening .Ration; .Kaffir Corn for .poultry;
.. One Dollar theAverage; The Use of Dry
1,q':.:." .": .'- Earth, Fertile Duck's Eggs .............. 759
OOK.1;,y "01,RuIAIL Howx-Blue Monday; Aid Soci-
tyo ."' .ys; Hinis to Housekeepers ... ..... 760
,'-; ort Item s. -.....'.'-................... -- 761
'.Co.roExA.'i, .AL-What Crops are Best? Limes for
s' Northern .Markets; A Pocket Quarantine;
-:i '.Report orthe SecretaryorAgriculture ... 762
.' 'A Heavy Potato Crop; Markets; Letter
'.... :. from..Jamai.ca; Our St. Louis Letter ...... 752
$ ESTo0OLoOT-Some Essential Facts about
Insects. No. ... ... ..... .......... .... 764
." .Experience with M uck ...:............... 761.
S. ." raw" bbrry Bed on a Barrel ............... 768
sr 'iy :- * ':..., '.. -,-,. = ...-- I _
'; weatherr in .Jaoksonvillb.
S.' "'''" W' Week Ending Nov- 23, 1896'.
... '' .' ;. .

'-- d N-t.0
I -, : '.A*".** , 7 .n 7' 3^

Nov..... 64 :66 76 17. 6 .oo
,-' 'Nov. 8 .......i 64 67 78 53 15 70 .00
SX-N..---6ov ....... 7 65 62 13 6 oj
p"l--. Nov'2 .*.*:.*.. 65 '67;' 78. 63 5 '70 *'o
", Nov."21 ........ 6 ',67 79 63 6 71 T
'Nov 22 .........67 6. 74 65 9 7, .o
i*':.''S.N 2 .....3 6' 69 '76 6. J2 I 70 .14
RV
S-Mean ......... 66 167 77 63 14- 70 .24
'.' 'Talrain a .- - .. .- r
.: ,.:- .... -J. MITonHELL, Observer.
f The' Florida 'Voice, a 'ProT6iibition
organ, r .published a. West Palfm- Beach
." by, Arthur C. Jackson will ibe. mailed
.freefor three months to any party
sdin.gthe publisher his. address on
stal cair .

national convention of tobacco:
gr wersil assemble? at: Ocala,. Jan
i.ay r7 to -whiic.. dle legates
hvbemen: invited from..twenty.two
s yiettersk'addresse.to$ their:'
Gtrs::. by:. Goverior,- Mtcbell;c
itej yfiorentfiOiesendent.wo dele'
t~iwutcatornirea~eift:theaoviernmeint.;-


Yfl IWRIDA IARMfl AND flT11 -BROWS1.


At one time the" -apple was one-uf
the best paying fruits in Northern
California. To-day, with the excep-
tion of a. few counties on the Coast
Range, the apple crop is a dead loss;
owing to the ravages of the codlin
moth.
The had effects of the mawkish sen-
timentalism which commuted the
sentence of the murderer Driggers
are already apparent. The Lake
Butler Bulletin, published near the
scene of the murder, openly threatens
linch law the next time. It says:
"The next time an atrocious murder oc-
curs in our midst, thanks to the teaching.
of our State Pardoning Board, it may not
again be in the power of a few influen-
tial citizens to prevent individuals from
taking the law into their own hands."

The Philadelphia Grocery World
says: Last year there were shipped
from Mexico to the United States
about four hundred carloads of
oanges. On a close estimate it is
predicted that there will be brought
into this country this year anywhere
from seven hundred to one thousand
carloads. The Mexican orange bus-
iness this year, up to date, is said to'
have been very unprofitable. The
fruit, from point of shipment in Mex-
ico to destination in the different cities.
in the East and West, costs about $3 to
$3.05 per box, while the average re-
turns have ranged from $2. o10 to
$2.40.
Peach Orchards.
Careful comparison of results seems
to'point to the conclusion that peach
orchards have proved the most suc-,
cesslul on perfectly level land, and'
yet of such a character that water will
not lie among the roots. To guard
against this in retentive soil the earth
is plowed up into elevated ridges, and
the peach trees planted on these
artificial banks.


________________doll_ ulars. ne protests against i. in- :1
"= A t :i trusion in the act of Fppropriation for
What Crops are Best ? A Pocket Quarantine. i Department for the current fiscal
We are often asked to state what The Fernandina Mirror has the fol- year of $82,500 for reprinting Horse-l
crops are best to grow for Northern lowing to say on the selfish and pro- books, and Cattle books to be given
markets. An answer specific or com-' vincial policy of Escambia county in away by Congress.
prehensive enough to meet the in-. maintaining a separate quarantine SEED DISTRIBUTION
quirers' desire cannot be given, nor system. It expresses so well the sen- SEED DISTRIBUTION.
can it ever be until crop and market timents of THE FARMER AND FRUIT : The seeds distributed gratuitously
conditions can be forecast with reason- GROWER that we have nothing to add by the Government during the pres-
able accuracy a year or months in ad- to it: ent fiscal year weighed 230,000 tons
vance. Products which do extra well Pensacola has a quarantine system en- and occupied thirty mail cars in transit,
this season are pretty likely to be those tirely independent of the State Board of The cost of carrying them through the
c ae s s ad mt Health. A bill was passed by the last mails was over $70,000. Enough.
which are scarcest and most favored, legislature giving Escambia county the seed was sent out gratuituously to'
and those yielding the smallest re- privilege of running their own quaran-plant 5 squar miles of garden.
turns to shippers are products which: tine. Each Congressman received enough'."
are most plentiful and therefore the It is a notorious fact that ever since Each Congressman received enough:r
cheapest. Conditions, as regards this Escambia quarantine law has- been to plant 163)/ acres. For the current -
many articles, may be distinctly re- in force, that there has been no cessation year, at present prices, the amountt,
versed next season-that is, potatoes of local quarrels over the spoils. Where- reqUired by congress to be expended
versed next season-that is, potato ever a large surplus fund is created there in' the purchase of seeds will make
may be abundant and low now, and will always be found a number 6f politi- each Congrepsman's quota double
they may be scarce and high a year cal financiers ready to "blow it in." The -ach iwssa o ta 'y
hence. This irregularity and uncer- large surplus which the Escambia Board what it was last year. The Secretary .,.
tainty unfortunately follow the entire has allowed to accumulate, is no doubt a sincerely regrets this unnecessary and .
list of fruits, vegetables and prod fruitful source of much of their wrang- wasteful expenditure of public moneys
list of .fruits, vegetables and prod uce, lin g.a d h o e C ng ss m y i g od t e
so that values cannot be even approx; We believe that the lawi n quarantine and hopes Congress may in good time
imately 'estimated any considerable 'matters should be uniform throughout put a sto thereto
length of time in advance. theState. EXPERIMENT STATIONS- FUNCTIONS.j
We would recommend the planting Pensacola is one of the natural gate- .The work .of the Experiment Sta- ,
ways of 'Florida. Because of this fact, -
of ground crops, the cultivation of tribute should not be levied upon or tons is reviewed at some length. The,
fruits and the production of other commerce and the monies received. be Secretary takes pains to indicate..what
commodities best suited to your soil, applied locally. Pensacola, in retaining ae:-the functions of experiment st-i ,
to your climate and to your facilities her quarantine, fees, does so atithe ex- tions. During."the year, complyingjM;'-.
. pense of the other sections of the State. wpl=te ~idr~ r.tdb 'd C ."... ,.
to -properly' care for and market, not of"teeoea setoauto ity gratedb y Con7t
or he'-lf'"Pensacola should ,be put tind~r the:
stiymg.,o.; subdue r, oyercome, the. cntrol'of the State BogrdPof Heilth,:the" :gress, th e D partmentformiulatedcer-d :-
natuklconditions :'of^ .your.`siutrrotngd-. *hole:State ;,would beibendflttei$Y-real" ;tageneralxeglations pri I
lJ... ..|. .mO. ." .
v ,.% .t : .' '.'... ;" ., .'...i ::i ;" ac:: t' ..':." = : ":s a:::,,'.':'t J:"v .t: .'.i.. G t.;,.: "? ., .v g:i~ .z :,ii: .","':": i" .e .-:2: :
: a: ... : . .s : ` `..: ..:. ..-` :.....` :;:,..: ,xx .-,,..' : ." x;, :...'"" :":': : ,..".6. R.,,,., -,.,; ....


P'.'


ings this year in the ekpettation of
making a lucky hit thereby in next
year's market. That man does best
in the long run who raises one or more
standard crops which the people of
the United States want, who raises
them this year, next year and the year
after; cultivates them with energy
and liberal fertilizing, and ships them
with good judgment to one or at most
two tried and approved houses in
.each city, year after year, resisting in-
flexibly the blandishments of all other
firms whatsoever, and paying little at-
tention to telegraphic market reports
which flit up and down like butter-
flies.
-4---*---
Limes for Northern Markets.
A correspondent in Jacksonville
writes the Fruit Trade Journal that
it is the general opinion there -that
limes, carefully wrapped and packed,
will soon become an indispensable ar-
ticle in the markets of the North and
West. Thousands of limes are grow-
ing wild in this State, and if they
should be placed on the market they
would be a strong competitor ivith the
lemon. Limes are pronounced by all
-who are familiar with citrus fruits far
superior to the lemon in many ways,
and for health- the lime juice is highly
recommended. The impression is
that if they should be properly intro-
duced in Northern markets they would
have a ready sale, and much benefit
would accrue to those who have pro-
duced them for so many years on Bis-
cayne Bay and the Florida keys.
Limes bring a ready price'in the Key
West and Miami markets, where they
are used almost exclusively in prefer-
ence to lemons; Limes are sold as
low as 25c per hundred. The experi-
ment of shipping them North will
next season be tried, and a permanent
market may be found for many that.
are neglected in these parts.


' .'.; ."

NOVEMBER 28,-':

son of hawing the quarantine feeskre.-. .i
duced one-half. . J
Pensacola collected last year $24,000','."'
while the State Board of Health'coqllecib ":
ed only $15,000. Witlf thiAfifteen'..
thousand'the State Board paid all' ex-
penses. In other words let all the-fees .
go into one fund. Then let them be re-
duced one-half, which will leave the- .
Board ample means topay all expenses. .. :
We hope this matter will be thoroughly ':
investigated before the meeting of the'
next legislature. ..
Report of the Secretary of Agri-
culture. ..
WORK OF THE WEATBER BUREAU., ,,
Reviewing the work of the Weather .'-'.
Bureau special stress is laid upon the
value of the many timely storm warn-' .
ing, which have been issued by" the ;
Bureau and have resulted in the pro :
section from.or damage of many mill-'. ..
ions of dollar's worth of property, ,to
say nothing of the..many. lives, saved. ..
from impending danger. An increase ...
in. the percentage of verifications is
noted. ,.. ;
AGRICULTURAL PUBLICATIONS.
During the year the Department
issued 376 publications, mainly for .
gratuitous distribution.. The aggre-:"
gale number of copies printed 'was '.
6,561,700.. Under theact of January
12, 1895, the free distribution.of.doc-. '.
uments has been greatly curtailed and j-4. :
the surplus, after supplying the official..:
use, placed in the hands.of the.Super-'.:, ,'
intendent of Documents,. 'who -holds 0
them for sale. Up to June 30, 1896.,,..
-that officer had sold 2,818. The pub-. *
lica.tion work has grown enormously .;.'
during the past few years, and in-, -.
creed appropriations must be pro-.....
vided, but the Secretary declares that.-.
neither the Department of Agriculture,
nor the Government itself can continued '
for the next five years to increase. its- ''
publications for gratuitous distribution .."
in.the same ratio as for the last five. ;
years without disbursing 'millions of '














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:Li: 76^ .....__"


E.ntomolo.gy.

st a xlssur~ftIAL FACTS
ABOUT INSECTS.-III.

', A. L,..QUAINTANCE, M. S.
!; Floidda Agricultural College and Ex-
pp periment Station, Lake City, Fla.
INTERNAL ANATOMY.
;'. The- internal anatomy of insects has
receivd.Inimuch .attention from students
: in entqoUlogy... As in vertebrates we
:..;. recognese ve'raiil distinct systems; the
S nervous;-digestive, circulatory, mus-
S cular and r&irat'oriy;: ,, '
i'v Lyonet, a French naturalist, has
S shown that the muscular syste of an
Sin&&t i jscour own -in complexity
^:^: and in the number of.muscles. Un-
like the vertebrates the muscles of in-
sects are soft and almost- gelatinous,
yet we find mpre.strengtb;in some of
S. these animals, comparatively, than in
i, any others. The ant, beetle and flea
i.are knownitofaiisurpass' in': strength,
theirsize being taken into considera-
tioiithe-strength -of; any other animal.
A'A.. 9 '..firC sttetd, the external hard
co veingtofrinsects allows' for the at-
tI:/e.. aittlff 'd ls "-on its inner sur-
,i4t fceI C -:The'emicrostopic "structure of
tfe?' :th'e muscrT&oinsects is composed of
I".fl.Fr ,' -of 'distinct. fibres; these are
::n& :"o'eIfdsddin'seaths'as with verte-

rt-,.". b ~atf. l .. .
.", The:limentary. canal or digestive
Ssystei. This may 'be considered as
S:'. a moi or qess'bcorivoluted tube ex-'
4r.." .fiir i from: thie mouth to the anus.
:".Ik6iys. isebf's eeral, parts differ-
i:-:.:-: .. eu"nknorm, corresponding with. their
i b'-. dftntbuses. : The:first,'part of the
a. alimentary,canal, 'hext to- the 'mouth,
1. is i ..o 'iasthe. oesopbagus. This is
.~.. oi ..i-.-'.cn uo Sw th'te mouth.' Follow-,
Siy'ingithifism, he'crop. The: true stom-


TME jfl.UIDrS7AnmSAND!ii flY4EROsWfl.:


Fig. 2.-SCKI-STOCE-CA AMEMRICAN "'A:'
Showing the Early Stages of the Nymph;.a, First Stage; b, Second Stage; c, Third. Stage.
(U. S. Dep't Agriculture')


:;.*. -- ^au ur V CIIUILUIU s, SI BLUUL LanL aa s. ---_ --'-.. .. ______ ---...' -
V 't ...4'" s i6p, .: F.,r"o its interiorr
ei q. a6....tilia is'a. Dmbeir of organs dorsal tube, and is again, started to unableto, give .the study .of insects[.
:cap i 'gititic cmaca. These are but ward the head. much attention. In earlier timesmuch'
-dilatinsr ofs! the true stomach, and The respiratory system is particu- supeistiti6i* enshtouded th'dse'remarkL-
'iM;'. dvufIessete to;..give a greater ab' larly interesting. It consists of trachbm. able changes. InI the earlier part of
*!-1. s 'id'a (A&.' 'FWoM 'the posterior or air' tubes, which are'thoroughly dis- the present century the. civil- and, ec-
e:: 'P'loric'end of tlistomach are borne tribute through the body. On each clesiastical atithorities.in'Chile.arregted.
through.o p eachdofth toac rebon
...th urinary.1-tubules;.. these., doubtless side of the abdomen and on the thor a'man by -the name of-Renotl on a;
-,3...se.ve as kidneys: Following the true ax are to be foua'd the several small charge of witch-craft; betAfr'sb 'h'e wa'S
.tia'..i.s't\he-ihtestiue. This is di- openings of these tubes to the exterior, thought to be-able-to'tarn caterpillars
.i ...il rnto a hsmall'a*d large intestine. These are called spiracles. The 'air into butterfliesi. This is-:an extreme
: Thq'. 5 ... ichO """' ... ase of igfnornkikd' B ev~n'in h
g"Th~.liage.ntestine is furtier divided passes within these tubes by much'the ase of ignor But ev thi
f.-into other subdivisions t-the colona nd same mechanism as that by' ivhich "we pdy,' the exact'. sikgbifibhc.f' these
%r fh. ectlr&tnw whioh,'extend to the anus. breathe.. The oxygen passe- through clihanges is. possibly.not Tamilaritd all.
: TnlWTabvp'e,'ap'plibsto insects. with. bit- their thin walls to the interior, and Let us first.-note those insects, which-
ul.. .,xoulYt.'g particularly.. in- thus-becomes available for-tbe Use n.of havneo metamorphosis:' Th'esei are
.0scts with suckinq ioufhparts the di- the tissues. Many insects livd in k iownis "'ThysainuraWhicdl" is'"TU
:...gest.ve.sytem differs somewhat from water. These do not breathe as do name of.the ordet to which they.be-
; t p..., t "If I crabs or lobsters; generally 'speaking long.. The young-insect. just: coming.
i,,.'It "mjtb.interestng to.,follow the they breathe by what is known as from the. egg'is of the same form as.
*""i.&course.-of food through the'alimentary tracheal gills. This' is a structure in t'i- adult; tbey--increase"-in :size, bfit,-
S'ciaal. T-he-food-havtng-been cut up which the air passes'into the'air'tub&. ti nbt'und.rgd an "mirk'ed'chan'g.
hie ja'wspassesE to' the crop, where in the, expanded gill-like structure, diiring their life history. It is..ineiest-.
A'.ii dup0' bythe'alkalinesalivary from the surrounding-water, and 'then ing to note that these insects are re-
fHliIStArh d ft n'atte 'is heir changed becomes distributed: all over the body. garded as conslitoting the lowest order
,T'E.E: %2 M R c" "-"' "r b 'y al e as --s~ i t...... .. ...de
5:AVttg sn ,nd,.absor..d,.slowly These gills differ from the true gill of br 'insects. "They ard wihl'es add' in
. . ... O,. .. -,a .. s 1 I n d i. "h t ,,ar e '6
0tnD brop; thefo od is pushed.on, a fish or crab in that the blood does one group, the abdomen bears re-
..n. reaelferftheistdmahh.:: Here it. is not circulatein the gill absorbing the, duced appendages.1 This. indicates. a
V iaiut,&-tthe'alltaline'fluid se- oxygen directly, butritis's'upplied with somewhat;' close relationship to the
a ye t .e'-itr-"' p646r'-1wichi these air tubes, which take -up' the centipedes'oiMyriapoda, theedlasstim'
obably -idstiingtioi, a6d"'a oIyge anbLdffurnsb .io tan'toe bl6oaPb iflediately below"I'ds$ *; ds "we%'haVe'
T e ;: nervous : ;system consists of previusly-noted. All inm&se except, ;
42, 1rigi4chi ta!ob'In'ithhe, "e.es.- netre:iords, ...and, ganglia, the.iembers .of .. this orde,,,unde gQ;ai
WOO : Ao thei veitr4 waliu.'7ofrth eb d metaJrntplbsis audt .*ithrespeotto'j


NOVEMBER .28C


NOTICE' OFr INTENTOIW

TO APTPLYFOR LET
, .


food, begins. Nutritious parts'of the there extend -tw'-nei'rve-cords,:and in
food pass through their walls-- of, thp- [pkch. segm'ent- there is -to be:found -
alimentary canal and minglerwith the', ganglion. In the head region arertol
blood among the tissues. The urinary be. found two: large ganglia known as'
waste of the urinary tubules passes the supra and iubsesophageal gang,.
int6 the intestine aid passes out with lia. These are frequently referred to;
the waste of.the body., as,.the' brain." These two gan'glia'
The circulatory~or' vg~~r.,stgt~'sib ae connected' by. -a cord '-extendnilg
The~ ~ ~ ~~ cruaoyraStd',y . 'ar'6und~th6 alim'e'ntarf canhxr.' Frbl-h
of insects is widely different..from that the, supra-ganglion, m erves, run to Fth'
of vertebrates. There is no heart, in- cespr-ngliens nerves, run toth
the true sense of the word in insects. compound arts'of the headlli. Thenlabium and
There is a dorsal tube "above the another partsof the head. Thesupplium.
alimentary canal, to which the name axillk and, bther 'parts ate supplied'
heart has been applied. This little with nerves from the sub-gnglion.
tube continues for the greateripart of A nerve runs' 'back from the supra-'
the length of the Insect. Ifi the ganglipo along the alimientary canal;
abdominal region it allows of the en- this is known as the, vagus nerve and.
trance, of blood-' from the '-tissues hias been compared'to the sympathetic
through narrow slits along its sides, ssteri of vertebrates. '. From the
The anterior portion of this tube does, 4oddy ganglia' many- branches- run
not possess these slits,: and is known .out to the surroudin'g.'partt.s of'the.
as the aorta. This. tube is contractile bod9.
and forces the blood toward the :The reproductive organs in most
head. keeping -up a sluggish circula insecrt's are paired/ with"'one'external'
tion. Leaving,this tube .the blood Opening.
bathes the tissues with its. supply of 1 .
food material. When.poured out from THE MET ORPHOSS O IECTS
the aorta it must depend mainly for j All -insects,. except one order; un-
its distribution upon the :movements 4ergo're'mnarkabletchanges-'dtrring:the'
of the body of the animal. It-even- course of 'thdir lives. Coietrnd'ing
tually gets back to the posterior pbi: 'th'se changes many'errdnedus ideas.
tion of the body, where it re-enters the, prevail among those who have been


~^ .^^ ^ ^H f~ .-_ -. W.. c... .. .


STERS PATENTi

J Notice is hereby given that on thp tenth day
ot"Decembdr, A. D. 1896. the undersigned *it
.apply to Governor Henry L. Mitohel .for let,-'
terp patent on the following proposed ChaqLter.
for THE EAST MEXICo Ir.PROVEkENT'COK-'
MPAN Y. ,
L. H. BENJAMIN, Jacksonville, Fla. .
S J.C 0. OGREELEY, "
S W. H. HAlRWICK, "


SArtielesaofinforporatiol.d

.-KNOW ALL MENEBY'TBBEs'PR8ESZT,r,'that-
we, the undersigned citizens of the. BState of i
florida, hereby associate ourselves together'
and,form a body police and. corporate tinder; ,
arid by virtue of the laws of the State -of
Florida now in fore 'koie'riing"gbueral co6'
porailops, and publish and declare' the follp..,
.ink objects ana poivwers of said companyn, to-
1it:' " "
; nirt. The,nameipf said corporatlon.shall:
Be'-."-The East 'Mexico Ilnprovement Corn.-,
flny." The 'general'rr-hdme''office of'the"
company shall ne lociad Iin-theq fity of Jack-
sodrilve d cuny,l o.t "Forid, ti .'S; A., at'
wich office the general affairs' o' the coid'
any shall beconducted. The said cor an .
,hal. have power throuerttits 'Bd ordd6t t
pqdtos. hereinafter -proiided for to -openl..
'other offices in' such places in"'the United
'Stats, Mexio 'd or -6ther countries as it may
deem necssarTy for the transactionof thesaid' -
qompany's buhipess.
Second. Thpy object and -pbusiness of the!'
company shall bea to acquire bymgurbelselor.
otherwise real estate in laid'county or State"
uddother States of the Unlted'Stateas *bU
;s.In Mexico and such othlercountrieas may
Beed~emed beat by the'Board'6t Di actora of%
theacompany.and to itprqve and develop'thei
isame, as wel as to sail. mortgage, lease or':
otherwise dispose of It.
To; buy, sell and exchange all -classes of"
stocks, bonds, notes anc mortgages. .
To borrowand loan m6ney on such security.
rernis and conditions as: the company she'll
deem best. ,
- -Thid The amounted capital stock shall
.be|.Three MI]Ion ($300. 00)P dollars! divided','
-Int l.hrep Hundred thousand (800,000) shares,
of'ren (1,01() each, to be paid tip as by-lkws
may.dlrect. .. '.
' Fourth. The term of existence shall.be
perpetual from date 'of Issuing Letters'
Pat nt. .,"'i ,
PFfth. The amount of indebtedness of said
corpbratiodn -shall at. no time-oxceed fift3ry (50)'.
percent, of the par valueof the stock Issued.,.
. Sixth. A Board'of directors, composed of'
notiless than -three nor more- than eleven :
stockholders, shall. manage and:conrrol Its af-
fairs and hILve general supervision of its bus-
inbeR, interests, Said board shall be. elected
annually at the time and in the manner pro-
videdby the by laws'of said corporation; first
election of said board shall takeplace on the.
second Wednesday in Decefimbfier, A. D. 1897,
and ,until which tunmprthe said board shall 'be
composed of the underslgned inoorporators,.
who shall co'mntinue'in ofii'6euntll their sue-'
.cepsoys are duly elected and qualified.
; Seventh The.officers.of said corporation.
Shall'be a President,' Vice"President, Secre-'
tary and Treaurer (one pyirson may hold two
or more bfficesl, who shall be"olected annually.L
by thbe Boarld'of Directors. > The Bodrd above"'-
selected to serve until .the first annual meet-
ing'shall choose said officers to'serve until the
first annual; election andi until their success'
sors.-are electedand qualified..
Enkh)th. Said' corporation shall 'adopt by-
laws-consistent with the-Jaws 'efE the Stateof .
Florida, and with these articles of incorpora-
tionh' for the mnanagemen of Its affairs. those
first-.ad6pted shallibe adopted by a majority'.
of all ..te shares of stock then issued ; they
m, B'e amended or repealed In the manner
provided .by said by-laws. ..
In. witness whereof we have hereunto .atf.
fixed our hands'and'seals this seventh day of
November, A. D. 189t.
L. R. BENJAMIN [Seal.]
S J.C. GRBELEY, (Seal.]
W. H.-HARWICK, [Seal'-
STATE Or FLORIDA. I .
County of Duval. J.
On this day.personall appeared before me,.
L: B. Benjamin, W. H. Harwick, and J. .0
G(lieley, to mewell known as the personswho:
signed the foregoing articles of incorporation,
andl acknowledged that they executed the
same -for the purposes therein' expressed-'
whereupon It is prayed that the same maybe
recorded.
-Inrwitness whereof.1 have hereunto set my
hand and seal, this Seventh' day of Novem-.: "
ber,*A':'D. 1896. '
ALILeN..GBKRLHET.
t .* .: Notary Public,. .. ;,
{ ~ /. 'S. 'Stats of wiia.io .. :.
j i C ....'.-.,.. *, at Ia :e -' -''.4,":'
'5.: ..:"'". :: ;;," .,:::.: .. .i .. ".'" ..'.,& .'-"@. :ld ;




PAMMMR AND PH
. ........

-l'-' vi
TH;"lt

D A 0. S.,,T,,, PP, - N-, T I
Stre et
0
oi
EA
s L\;
7Tr, e '.""Ado
wt - -'- -T-7,
ecAl-.]p ion
el lp t A

HE

E--.'M "THA"T `,ftL -,BE -OFFERED i 5F
LL UNSIS T OF, THE
'4
i T
li IREPA ?-YOU YILARRTHR,,.
R d T'. 0 ili, WN'E- ACKNOWLEDGED K
13SIFORE Vc "!P- 4- Q ARTI-TtSfPr SCHOOL BO.,
f6r j hn tone:.6f -,,Wds,'hingt n Ahe tfino5t Enyr
THEY. are SOU: Agmls': o s o aver.
-4;1; Ar 1. C '.Or iln OUR e7
-,,4o9d,'6f'Car-ds -1 g A
-yo in invitation,
t ,us,:,forsa -,pr'ices.
p I In
ng and Book` '81 A _9

0 0 -11-C
ia, 7ag ro





* ':7iB


lit


*i,*:.:




.i.'
2;."
-. '* *' .""






























g::i.: .
: =:; :
.. ".



















r.:-- =

, ?m%....


butterflies and bees, whose metamor-
phosis is complete. The young or
larval condition of insects with an in-
complete metamorphosis -should be
known as the nymph stage. We thus
.observe that in these insects, there are
thtep different stages in their life his-
.tory, the egg, the. nymph and the
Nia.u.t.L ; ,


(LContlnued.)


this change may be divided into two
groups,,- namely, those that undergo
ap. iP.complete metamorphosis,' aad
tl00s4w6ho64 : etaiffm'Ph si -I con
ple ese Tised'insects that fidergo.,;%
incompleth netamiorphosis-nay be re-
i.'cdg .".ed im 'the facftihat the young
'bear considerable resemblance to the
adult; as af example we may use the
grasshopper or locust. A locust that has
just hatched from the egg can be re-
cognized as sfich from itis striking re-
semblanc toithe adult, and although'
much smaller' i.size, the formcdf the
body is essentially the same as that of
the mature insect. See figure 2 which
illustrates the early stages of our large
"bird locust,'.' shown in figure-,X: The
most stoking. difference .that is to, be
-0olteIva.ia. bte abseuceg' w.of. wings
in the young- insect. After '-a' time
small wing, pads appear, and at- su-
cessivejmoults become more fully 'de-;
veloped uhtil the 4d4lt stage is reached.
Previous. tothe Jlast -moult-the, two,
pairsof' wings are .borne ".---different
positions than in the adult, the first
pair of wings being found underneath
Sthe second. Other insects that do not
pass through a complete metamorpho.
sis are the squaslih;bug, cicada, dragon-
fly and may-fly.' These insects do not
have a quiescent state as do beetles,


A GREAT' BARGAIN.-- have about one
Thousand each. Villa Franca Lemongenuine
Parson Brown Orange. Walters Grape Fruit, a
few Marsh Seedless; Buds from 2: to 4 feet; are
on rented ground; must be moved before January
i5th. Price 124 cents each-$Sio.oo per'bundred.
Write for particulars to -M. M E GILLETT,
11-28-4 ..Weirdale or Tampa, Fla.
SEED POTATOES AT WuOLESALE PRICES.
Improved Early Rose, 4.00o. Carmen, $2,oo,
Rural New-Yorker, $i on. W.LSoN & TOUMER.
The Fertilizer House of Florida,
Jacksonville, Fla.
F OR SALE:-Full-blooded' Brown Leghorn
Roosters. Price, $Sr.oo each. >
Lawtey. Fla. R. PUDDY.
IOPR EXCHANGE. Valuable Cincinnati
SProperty. Want desirable, medium size,
Brick Hotel, furnished, doing good business, in
Florida. Also, other Northe n properties. Want
good Florida properties. Give particulars and
prices. Address Box dj, Station D, Cincinnati, 0.
ANTED Property in or near Winter
Park, for.-whlch I will give city properly in
Council Bluffs, Iowa. Address E. D. Putney,
Mt. Dora, Fla. rz-2z-
RARE CHANCE-FOR SALE. A well im-
L proved Fruit, Truck and Poultry Farm with
crop. Desirably situated. Ten acres. Address,
Fruit and Poultry, 1i5 East Bay Street. 11-21-3

CITRUS NURSERY TREES.
All the leading varieties at Lowest Prices, Car-
ney Parson Brown, Sanford Medt Sweet, Paper
Rind St. Michael, Pierces' Ruby, Jaffa, Pineap-
ple Majorca, Cunningham, Homosasa and
Hart's Late Pernambuco, Improved Triumph,
Walters, Everett and Marsh's Seedless Grape
Fruit, Satsums Tangerine and King All fine
one year old buds, on four and five year old
Rough Lemon, Grape Fruit and Sour stock, Will
bud dormant on contract to any varieties parties
mnv desire. Fine rcumnuat Rudwoid for saole.


y '-: *'*'' "' ~ 'CorreFpondence solicited. Address C. W.FI ,
-..... Villa Lake Nurseries, Fruitland Park, Lake
S- Experiments With Muck. Co., Fla.
:. Muck as;a,-i0rce of nitrogen is be- AT A GREAT BARGAIN. Large Buds in.
: coming moeand more appreciated, rii Lsarge Stock. Will bear in a few years. Va-
coming more an more appreciatedrietiesrue to name. J. L. Derieux, Lakeland,
: but it is almost destitute of the mineral Fla. 11-14-4
: fertilizers-phosphoric acid and potash C RESH CAMPHOR SEED $i per quart. Cam-.
--and the failure to make use 6f these U vhortrees 4 to 5feel, 50 cents each. T. K.
i i~i" "Godbey, Waldo, Fla 11-14-3
: mineral fertilizers in connection.with G ey Waldo, i-4-3
:': the application of muck or plowed in SOUTHERN SEED COMPANY, Glencoe, Ala-
baa resh Seed and Hancy Poultry. Cats-
i.1 legumin"ouis plants has resulted in but a hlogue Free. ee and Fancy Poul-a-
:"': :,.minimumrof the benefits of the humus. o---re--4
^:: :".:A correspondent of the Country Gen- d. mSTEEKELI IEED ED., bimizld,
. teangesIS experience: MARY T. FROTSCHER, President,
In 1894 muck alone was used; muck successors to
with potash and phosphoric acid were Richard Frotscher's GravierStreet Branchb Store,
i:.also used, and a lot planted with chem- Nos. s nd Graer S., New Oreas, L.
Importers and dealers in Flower, Field aud
icals alone. The muck was taken green Garden Seeds. Grasses, clover, bulbs, seed po-
from the meadow, and showed better iatoes and fruit trees in their season, Conduced
by relatives of the late Richard Frotscher. Order
Rt'.. results Where it was used than where through Richard Frotscher's manual of 186 or
,:::it was not. used. The ratio of yield send or one free
was as follows: For the two minerals
alone, Too; muck alone, 136; muck
Sand minerals, 168. For the following
year muck alone gave as lop is to o02,
where the three elements, nitrogen,
potash and phosphoric acid were used. GSfT THE PURE PARSON BROWN BUD.
We have reduced prices for our budwood
Muck drawn from the meadow in -a very low. We have no agents here Persons
.pile the list :of the winterya in pude Parson Brown
e (Carney tree) should order directfrom us.. Now
placed at the bottom of potato drills is the Lime for tall budding-wood well matured
do e the cp by te cal and prices very low. Address us Lake Weir, Fla.
.i.doubled the crop by the scale T.his CARNEY CO., or John LI. Carney in-io-6
A ..year a permanent set of experiments
p 0 w5 alaioput-J4r AJe test of ,muck: by;
e "es. of '. manure,; che "icals ; '
no -M4-', -lats a-sr ***'. ', I S.-
: nothing pQats andp muck and minerals.
...A-prsent, September 17, the crop of ______ ____
cin is not harvested, but muck ap- FRUIT TREES, VnS
es to have again given an increase 'PRLAiTSand NUT TREES.
crop1,while muck and the two mm- For southern Orchars, Gar.
i~ils~ssin in:;fappax. o ]h stllFor Southern Orchards, Gar-
erasmisspig inp -.appear to be still Bdens and Groves. No agents.'
et, frte.tlird.year;:bythescales Write for price list.
id drod confirming the impression E IJENNINGST mvNURSERY C?,,
: confi th 9-26-5 Thomasville, Ga.


*10.
,: > :i: "" :,..'.' :. : : :" .. . .... ., ".. "".


that muck is yet to be found of very
great value to our agricultVre, and that
in the addition of the missing niinerals
ds to be found the6:Iito .,he success-.
ful application of its nitogen' ontents.
If Iam correct it .,ili:.ve millions to
sections-in commaindbf it, and yearly'
hundreds of dollars to the writer, who
uses chemicals liberally."

" CENT-A- WORD" COLUMN.


I.,


Wholesale


S" " .T.1r LOR1IDA RAJUMEf .AND ERUFTO-GROWER.


General Nursery Stock.

THE LARGEST ASSORTMENT OF


Orange, Lemon, ime and Grapefrilit Trees.

We Make a Specialty of

SEEDLESS CITRUS FRUIT TREES.

e mm oUR tsTaST nBSr.,OW.
SOur intentions are to close out this Immense stock of Citrus trees, if fine trees and bed-
rock prices will do it. "We have twenty five varieties of Citrus trees propagated on Sour,
Grapefruit, Sweet and Rough Lemon Seedling Roots, as follows:


ORANGES.
Dancy-Tangerlne, '.
S: ats ima'i(seedless)
King.
Mandarin.
King Tangerine.
Kumquats (oblong and round).
Ruby Blood.
Joppa Late, (Seedless)
SPineapple. "
'YValencia Late .- :
* Person Brown, " -4"
St. Michael Blood, (paper rind)
Jaffa, (Sanford's).
Hart's Tard iff, (Sanford's).
Centennial. ,


LEMONS.
*- :' Eureka (seedless)
nBelair Premium and Genoa.
POiELO or GRAPEFRUIT.
Marsh Seedless.
Excelsior.
Aurantium (sweet rind)
S .. ,' alls.
"."* " .0 LIM ES. =
Tahlti (seedless)
MISCELLANEOUS.
: Japanese Peaches, Plums, Chestnuts and


Boone's Early2 r Persimmon Trees.
f Medit6rrikean Sweetsti(Sanford's.) ...Striawberry and Pineapple Plants, etc.
For descriptive catalogue and price-list, apply to .
; 0D. 1%1. 1LVI^ lSH, ,:"


; .. :; ...' :':" :
" : 'lte a n" "a .":.: i!

.,...... .-'. .i.-.. ".'..,.. ..: ~..uI


FOX SALE Two Leon county farms,
and 390 acres. Excellent for stock rain
tobacco growing. W. B. Clarkson,Jack!
Fla.
:.TRRIGATED GROVE. loo acres,. 10i y
A In Orange trees; 501in bother fruit tr
For sale at a sacrifice.'. Address":',"" Th
'Lane Park. Lake County, IFla.

CORN MILLS AND SHELLEnS
Sily use, Hand or power. Shel'er
t'Mills, $5.00oo.$40.o0. Will make coarse
fine meal, oatmal, graham flour. "Dai
den plow, S3.oo Address the Editor,
'Jacksonville, Fla.


.UYVusM.Jnttjao, .O, : ;

4Soacres DOWXR'S IANIMAL MEAL. To make hens .
Ilng and I lay and chicks grow. Our little book. the .: .::;
ionville, Egg.tells all about I. E.3;W AMSDbEN :' ":;;
-4-tf 9-'9-tf Or don, .a -" .
ears set "TTRE NETTrING, best goods for -the least .
ees,,etc., WV money: Write for latest priceist S. W. X -.
ePalns,: AMSDEN, nnorm nd'Fla.': '" g.-f . .:
4 27-911 $-
Ti OUISIANA GRASS(PASPALU-.PLA- 't
for fain- tycaule), best grass for lawns and permanent "..:
s 12.50 pastures. Sets, Si.50 per 1,oo, by express; 35 ...
grits or centsper hundred, postage paid. W.H. Pow ,ns,.
sy' gar- Lawley, Fla.
Box 54, .i
R[ EBRKSHIREMBOAR PIGS fiom thorough "
: bredd ann acslimated stock. EUntitledtoreg- .'
'ONTE ister-. Writeus .for- prices. Fisher & Powers, "
rightobn Lawtey, tFla'. -
sonvillre, MAMMOTH BRONZE TURKEY GOBBLERS "':
I. 81 50, hens, Si.75. Limited number. P. ...
Rock Pu lets and hens, reasonable prices. MRS. .;:.
Colum- GOMPERTS, Lady Lake, Fla. 10-24-3 "
Steve]s
no,e5:.es. NURSERY TREES AND BUDWOOD. ::
rnd Bay, Carney, Parson Brown, Boone, Pineapple
King, Ruby and Tardiff. Marsh Seedlessand .:.
Ti-iumph Grape Fruit.. Villa Franca Lemon.
0 G. GeoE. E. Snow. Eastlake, Fla. 10-819 ..
g 20,000 .,
varieties
in your "nIfcNEIL PEAS. Orange Trees and Buds. :
u want. lJL Limited supply of tlhe celebrated McNeil ''
W. K. Peas. A few Tardlif and Parson Brown trees on ':.
v la. g'od strong sour roots, also a few thousand buds
iO---tf for sale. Will guarantee satisfaction in every .
case: W. H. Mann, Manville, Putnam county..
OLDEN Florida. : 9-,-6 "
wn from .",:
ry. OR- WT'ANTED. 3o00o Orange Buds on Sour Stock. .':
S. Van VV State age, size, and variety of buds, also :;
-io-6 age and size of sour stock. E. H. Mote, Lees- ..'
burg, Pla. 11-7-3
S. Tan-
a Ti -. .. -- ^. .-.- -- i'
h rough O'fl l flfl NURSERY TREES FOR SALE,
i cnch UJ,'JUU Including seedling Grape Fruit, -
11-14-4 Hart's and Valencia late, Pineapple, Dancy Tan-
__ gerines, Budded Grape Fruit, Eureka Lemons
TSUMA Seedless Grape Fruit; all buds .on 4% year od
u Grape Fruit stock. Very fine prices reasonable.
Da ncw'y BOW'ER & STEPHENS, Lakeland, Fla. -z1-8o-
Limited rIRUCKERS IN THE FROSTLESS REGION
ER, In- Al can profitably compete with Cubans in sup-
plying Northern cities with Okra in the early
-- spring. Plant from now on to the first of March.
'ROVED Get my Early Smooth Green Pod Seed from the
ints for Steckler Seed Co.. 518 Gravier SLt, New Orleans.
r. Thoui- The only profitable variety for shipping. W..S.
.11-14-3 Reddick, Buras,La. .11-14-6



RND NURSERIES,

eSaH, Riroprietor.


le and Retail Dealer In


L1 0


`-FoR SALE. 25. ACRE PE C
X Pear Grove, I reeb set twelve years;.i
the railroad. Five acres of ij in the ci
limits of Monticello, Fla. Box 524, Jack
Fla.
GE1NUnTNE Nunan, Bessie, Cherokee,
bAi Alabama, Michel's Early.
and Jefferson Strawberry Plants, per z,o
JULxrs ScEN&DEzLaac, Lock Box 4,Gra
Ala. -
N"URSERY TREE--I WILL H.AV
budded trees of the most popular
for delivery this fall and winter. Send
orders now, and be sure to eet .what yo
Pric s and particulars on application.
Trimble, Braidentown, Manatee County,

MOOTH CAYENNE, ABBAKA and O
LQUEEN-Pineapple Plants. All gro
fruiting plants at ofir Modelo Park Pine
LANDO GRAPE AND FRUIT CO.,.C.
Houten, Orlando, Fla. in
LAMB'S SUMMER ORANGE TREE:
gerine grafts on two to four inc
Lemon stock; also sour seedlings 4 t(
stock. J. D, Franklin, Mt. Dora. Fla.
NO EQUALS THE. STATE. SA
.'. trees on-sweet stock, Hart's Late
Tangerines'ard: Parson Brown, budd
trained to sticks. Buds 4 to 7 feet high
slock. Write now. H. FRIEDLAND
terlachen, Fla. 10-10-10i
Oo oft1t FIFTY THOUSAND IMP
5UUU Newnan Strawberry Pais
sale s $i1.5o per Loon by T. E. Blacksheai
asville, Ga.



THE LAKEL

C. Nt M*^tALE





_TTEIII FTbRJDA FA _17 'WIM 6

C y

T En A M S Hip" OMPAN

SAVANN, AH LINE

% N'r.
ow


T,

G., M SO -R RIEL Manager.
The magificent Steanishi f this line are appointed to sail, as. W., 0
foligwo'.
NETWORK T.0:SAVANNAH.
Fier 36, North. Alver--5 P. N. K.,
A ugusta ...... .... ........... ......................
sas City .................... I .................................. ... ......... N .1V1, 5
Talial assee .......... ...... .......................... ........ I .......... ... Saturday, NOV. 7 j
Tuttsday, Nov.. in
City olf Hiriningham ......... .1 . .... ..... .. .. NOV. 12
City of A ug tLSta .......... : ............... I ........... .... ........... Thursdayj Nov.
City.;...; .............. ..................... .................. ........ ... Saturday, N ov. 14
........ Tuesday, N,
Q4
....................... v. 17
131nninghaM4 ...... ......... ...... Thursdav, Ncv.'iq
........................... ... Saturday, Nov.
City OfAugusta ....... ..... ............ 21 k
K anF;a4 City ....... ............. ...... .......... .......... Tueday, Nov:j L y :7VL
.... ...... ...... ........ .......... .................. Thursday, N ov 2
City of Rlxnxlnghaln ...... L ...... ** ...... Saturday, NOV. 28
G bdanager New Pier No. 35, North River.
00TON TO: SAVANNAH.
Lewis's 'Wharf-3 F. X. SAFETY!- COMFOnt QUICK TIME! 0. TES.,. LL
k. 0 .,i I It.,
Nicooclxcq ... .......... ...................... L .......................... Tuesday,,Nqv 3. Ivest Cuisine an"d Seye. No Timn8f&!Be 'Taa
hee L 6
..............
Cllattaho66 ....... M
Gate Clty ........ ... 2, Tlie Fleet s composed of theloRowi d me Ne*-Stiel: tealners.,
N acooche, .................................. ........................ .... ... Saturday, Nov. 14L.
e ............................................... 8
m1no o..
Gate, City. ....... 7 ....... ................... ......... Novi,: 1 Comaucho" 'Algonquin," oisl ".Cherokee," S
.. .................... I ....... -Thursday, NOV 26
RICHARDSON &BARNARD, Agents, Lewis's Whalf.
7H BOUND.
ILADELPHILA T SAVANNA (Direct.) N 0 R
Pier 39, Delaware Avenue. L Sten tn ers are appointed to sail according tolthe tide.
STEA5MEU Frain JACKSONVILLE, FLA., 0alling at Charle6ton),. ...... .... SundaysTue-odaysajidTliursdays.
City 0 ....... .. .... ...... -uesday
f Macon (freight only ...... ...... T NOV. JO Eoln GHARLESTON, ..... y
jjly .......... .... Monday, Wednesdays and Vrida s'
City of Ylacn (freight o ........ ....................... Friday, NOV. 20 Omrof'SjiliugS 'LL ___ daily Pape,
'For i2e"Cly4e:litiellSpheduleofjacksoiiviU ra
............. Monday, NOV. '30 eanclCharleston
(fipight Only .. ...........
M.- C. HAMMOND, Agent, 13Soulh, Til: r, d** S-treet.
1'.'--`SAYANNAHL'T IN WWL Yo I! UTH BOUND'.
o sail from Pier 29, Fast River, New
We, as WL Stearners, areappointedi orkat3P.M
Central rl e 0
jty QfAngtata. ._,L"L Tuesday, NOV.LI7,. O p M. S_ C, 'L ... ............ Mondays LWeduesdays and Fridays L L
Tallahasye. ..Tnesday, L3,;- 4 00 '3- ForGRARLESTON, ....... .........
='gb',tn. T h s'd ay, Nov :,P,: City .... Thursday, Nov, ig ya
City of"11 5, 5 310 4 30 P. In- For JACKSONVILLE, FLA., (calling. at Charleston) ............. .... .,Ajondays, Wednesda and Fida
City of Augustn.,. _jSatnrday, NOV. 7, 7.00 P. in. Tallabasee. Sat urday, Nov. 21,' 5.30 P. In. ys
Kans'as city _Tues&ay, Nov. io, 8.oop. m. City of 13i"n1kh1ra. l'uesday, Nov. :91 9.00 a. M.
NOV
R3iNOVLLI2, mbd'a. rn. City of'Augusta .Tn Nov, 00 P In E
city 0 Kansas City Sat.
rday,NOVL-" 14, 1-( 0 Ps nil! C
11VD1E',S IST. tj0f4T4S nlltEj U1.
AVANNAH'T.Q,
Central (9 1 8 1,elow DE BARY LINE.
0- Meridian)
Wednfsda NOV. 4 L 4.00 P. 111. Nacooch ...... ..... Friday, Nov. 2o, 5.oo p. rn. Jacksonville, -Palatka Sanford, nd xnieri" jat6
ac. OV. 24,
NOV. 9, 8.00 P. M.L
%y, ChattahoGehee ...... Tuesday, N 00 P. M.
... I ... Blond ani;gs, on Me -St. Johns RVer.
tall -Nov. 12 city ............. Friday, NOV. 27Y -00 P-
chat oochee. Thusd9yj ii.oo a. ln. Gate
Gat CityL .... ... M Ir
... OndaY, NOV 16, 3-09 P- :Tbe 14legant-Iron S de-Wheel Steamier
SAVANNAH TO' PHILADELP HLIA. 66 C:)]E;rl j A
CL t qjiam)L
-en rail (96 je]j T inle:_as belOW. CAPT. W. A, SHAW
6ty of Macon.. Tliuig"y NOV. 5. 20 P. M.L Cityo MaColl.. Is appointed to
Wedni!kay, NOV. 25, 8.30. a. ru. sail as. o tows:
Sunday, Nov. 15, i.oo a. rn. Tuesday and
city Of M acon. Leave Jacksonville ................ q .................. undas 3 '30 P- It!
and Sat,"
a0ays d yar at
W.,O. ARNO1 A WALTIP. HAWKINS, Fla. P. A.$ W. J. PAR"LL, keturning Leaove.Sanfbrd ........ Wedne- 0 91:oo a, Ifi
q 1 11 NORTHBOUN
jacksonville, Florida. $OUTHBOUND.
'C. G AlWbgRSON AGENT, Savannah, Ga Read Down. SCHUDU .
Read Vp.
J.30L P :JACkS6nVMe..L.,.-.. L.:.. L .. ...... Arrive L3o a. m.
eave M ..... ... Palatka .9 in
4S P Im. .......... ...... Leave 00 P.
: : ........... Astor... PLM
A. BOURS. ESTABLISHZD 18715. J. B-BOURS. 3.00 a- In- ... ........ I ................
4.30 a In ...... . ..... St. Francis .................
....... I ......... .......................... Beresford .... ...................
Arrive 8.3o a. rn ...... I ....... 30 P.
........ Sanford. ...... . . ........ ...... q.oo a M '
C 0 ..5 a. m'- ]E
............. nterprise ................... ...... .30 a. M ,
BROUR Fla. R. R. VV4rt ................... I
'W ILLIAM LA ',: 11"00%L
......... I ........ .................. 0 )j.
'a den
in d",., on e.e s and L F 0izers eral Passenger and Ticket Office, 204,West:BaYL St., ja OAVMe
91 A COLE, Gen.Passkuger 5 Bowling Green) New York.
H. CLYDE, Amsistant Tw e Manager, 5 Green, New York.
I een New York.
W "ro J2& X*X,,*-
THEO. G, EGER, Traffic Manager 5 B
F. X. IRONMONGER, Jr., FloriAa Passenger Agent, 204 West Bay St Ville, Fla
JOHN L' HOWARD, Florida Freight Agent, foot Jjog-n Street, jackson-Zeckil-U
We Handle:Onl the:Best aid Most Reliable Seeds. A Comple Stock of J. A. LESLIE, Superintendent; foot Hog" Street, Jacksonville. Ina.
CLYDEL.
Hay'., IS L. WM'- F'L CO. Gen-1
3
Con, flbur, BranL, Wheat, Gri Meal,.
12 South: Del&waxe Avon-me, PhIladelp a L e Nevr York.
'ML
S L
S 01
eed L e A Bright and Dark. GRADE
READ UARTEP
STATF AGUNTS: FOR
PURE GROUND BONE
r L Go. A14 D
NITRATE SODA GARDEN FIELD SEEMS
.,Star Bra
MUR-1ATE OF-POTASHy: w4Gw- Farmers andTru ers are requested tosend f6r.,iay priCe-liSt ofField: and ardpu seed
Gb 'D ANALYgIS Xooo bushels Texas.Red Rust-praof Gats, 175 cent.syerbtshpl; A I fa I fa or Luc"i_,'45 cents p;eTZ":':L
G 6, cents per pound.
-SULPHATE POTASH 'Pound; Rescue rass',
Orange Tree andlegelable,-
KAINIT, Etc. F. WILSON M AM
FMT P. SEEDS
-TheseFertilizers have= IM 4
Marke d will emvinm
'82ndf- Catil4tie fr"_ -RAI ILLE., JFW kIbA.'



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TYWRYDA AND FRUTI'-GROWM. E 28

rt i. E
iT V JUju V, _R
'WE, ,-S'ASsl 1 U11P.-F,
A If 5.

MM"T
ERTI RS
.7,
Made froni PURE xxIMT, R and HIGH-
J -
GRADE POTA-S% er, ei, a itptabiflty to the
lreqidrelnents a d f UM6& condition, In
strang, li Zelrll I 114t141, d6w,4 rot.
ap The elieapest brandjor the 6anty in the
markeL Cotton-seed Meal, Tobac6,S*ms, AgTie I.
tt&al Chenil als sulojfillrete.'

.........
I wSEC71C] D ES
-The old-reliablezEURBI been
37 94 has never
p C9,11s death tothe iz#t kite spider; and the
Pire
A&-x-U-E Coe _rD AOW
Akim T
A certnin destTuAion to tlii' Aleyroaes 6tl fiite Fl,),nd oth r
fin falilmes of Scale, at all ifAtafto t r
pider, and other inse'periods of their developtffent. 116,
rr"
7
'2,
SP Y: AND, GENERAL PURPOSE PUMPS,
. .. ...... .... .
g"ber JT08e NoZdes, Mi'croscop.es, etc. A great var st 2nakes, at
ces.
.A Ll
T HE 131PERI[-Al. PLOWS -A5D CUL. TrVATORS,-
A0. R T1 JU.,
-AL %IMPLE ME N THE -BEST- -MADE
1 T


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'BUC T,
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_Pj EPMENSION
j
jj
BEAN F1
y4tIOR, eaterpartof the pan b re-,:::.,
"..A.,-StraWberr -Bed op -a--Barr,,eti_ The barrel is filled with soil to. t1i e are erfectly clean, alfjulti _ihe gir I'"'t io,: d
p
A--Rur4l New, Yorke level of the first row of holes, putting and weeding are dispensed.- quiredfov their gmwth.
e economv.Mispac
in ric with a littl w I there is a gr ai..
ent h garden soil
es me ho& of.;straw- e -el nswer for four orfiv6:,'.:
'Aus describ' a. i if
berry growing adapted to villages and rotted manure, thoroughly rnixed -vith the plants were.spread, as, in gar- years
1:s it. The plants are neki inseitd,:den:cultur6-,ihey.w6uldolt,4pynpoLr
ne sq ry. o fresh pi4 14 e
Ahis: through the holes with the roots a1h, tiare d 'of and'. -he plants,, kirket tile bh8ildiiikce:
The.' barrels for over the m ar
n the stems, -to allow. for may be put in either in the spring or
made of hard' iv6od ind,-strongly tle higher tha very.. general trial; -of,.this
settling. The roots are' well spread fall. Ifthqdre- 'ti- duri "'A 4ust methodd by
mboid:'.with iron. Uhsedd-bil'.,b ls` PU n 9 u- -every village resident.
apart; and. more soil is put-on'and film lly and September,, they will -yield. AeArlyj
Th' . _'-si the pla se
are pdci ie e out ide of -them. A little water.is a ft In -,th6',96,dth the fiti
packed over ill crop the nex't year, and wi con-
:barrel,. jnxy be laidpiff.1ii f the time.. of heavy. iS
qurmch five,.yeais up to
-spkiikled on thern,-ajid:,the pr 4bur or' o.,
oces's tinue: fo
es,, 'a out L r I
-1 two
sgu ommen'c&g' Rura s
continued, until the -b without" lrnewaL rq ive busllds -ife
lleicorn__the b6dom'-inalu-10 s
,pen Jt_ is overe to prevent-t e.estbe maximuin yield ajid'thre'' or I ou"'i
are bored in th iidres y d : V d the Gaines'
e- AJ&J canopy tt
-p4e-of, moisture. the a era e. t ` e er
horizoilt77 -d the,", I Trl`iiig, &pnding'on t vari
and m -ille Sun reports about 700acres in
'Wes Irbw f p hqs-,*Art 1wwatering .,the::, plato, aXejs. 'd anagement..
f"h&CS A j&_ NA W A, good ex'pdur'6-t6'the sun is des-fr_ cabbage a&fhitf6i'piae`,,Ahe same
%-d etakqnlnot`46keep t e yet.
I-rad 'b he
1-in -,,as last ftarp.andse r4"
ablei-,',k1though,'they!_,do very wel
k'C art j.g edch p2ttqF._yg4y is., p.m4 4p several es
in e uce- i if --k P and
aIr ro through the -barrel with, a s k- partial:sbade. It' is 'advised ...tb, I d- aroun 'Voc y oint
ernate squarc,., -Th w d down T''!
lhdlk-fr 1,b7e] to foliage ofithe., st be' occdsonal y v4wxeAlasp ore
an 'PoUr iq6a -1, e t ipfth
tA -d'' 'Or'liquid'i
sllbbrea !on, ny ir
101 : t Vht,,were 0 fq a ofit.th
sprinkled,. and.in"
accord- d' he winter, aji qy_
-Zpopmizh&ifqifis dti s of thejj
(2 top) 0 m- o're "du ir i njg t i e- f covering o straw own over tk At a off
riately, to tb f, th, 'ftpl;jn this Lgiving &ni_ f pg7,pfthe OrlQpdo E
b6 5*,p f t rel. Trad& hy6i 6 a
`1'ants fruit' TW Ldv6ntages o u.
ary -d -meth6daof- 9ro*irl_& sfraNeb The water which is absorbed slicer and drictAdJ#.W0ftjUg the canall-
the, carbonic 5gre robvisw berpuWiq4b
any variety desir d' per-, gre,-,U14, 3 gi'w- 'an. through the 'roots nd by:a"t!.
ect'' Ofll 41idktf&hw pfifie Plant is, acid, in the atmosphere. which is a&:[factory t idqi Aroqt1aAGon:,'
J- and impqrfect' n the'
4 % 111
enc ure. ar Dr uct. w justi y.
`d ult towards growing fruit, S, sorbed throu h the leaves. e byjr