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UFPKY NEH LSTA SLAF



Florida farmer & fruit grower
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Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055765/00361
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: S. Powers
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: December 21, 1895
Frequency: weekly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note: Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038466
oclc - 01387403
notis - AKM6256
lccn - sn 95026761
System ID: UF00055765:00361
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen

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j j 8. Power, Editor; JACKSONVILLE, FLORID, DECEMBER 2 i, 1895. Whole No. 1402,, NEW. VII SERIES., No. :

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: 1
RESPONSIBLE, ESTABLISHED 1868.

I,,. RELIABLE,
--'in: : PROMPT. 27 YEARS EXPERIENCE.,



I! BATTERSON' ,: .&CO. Park 99 Place NEW YORK. COMMISSION MERCHANTS.


REAL.ESTATE SECURITY AND BEST_BUSINESS METHODS ENABLE US TO' DO ALL POSSIBLE FOR CONSIGNORS. PROMPT ACCOUNT SALES
f' AS SOLD. THIS INSURES YOU AGAINST LOSS AND GUARANTEES HONEST AND;PROMPT RETURNS. NO MARKET STEADILY EXCELS NEW
f YORK. BUFFALO HOUSE 167 AND 169 SCOTT STREET. USE ANY TELEGRAPH CODE.
REFERENCES-IRVING NATIONAL BANK, NEW YORK, THIRD NATIONAL, BANK, BUFFALO, R. G. 'DUN! & CO., FIRST NATIONAL BANK ST.
AUGUSTINE, FLA. BANKS AND SHIPPERS"EVERYWHERE. '
AGENTS FLORIDA FRUIT AND VEGETABLE GROWERS ASSOCIATION, AT; BUFFALO.;
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JUST ..OUT, LHAV
flTTENTIONJREEPLSNTERS !
/v
] YOU, SEEN .IT ? ,

Before buying your Nursery Stock investigate and know what you ale getting. Know that '
fc L. Taber's Cataloguefor 1895-6. you are buying of a Grower and not,a second or third hand dealer. -

., THE POMONA NURSERIESare

Enlarged, re-written, newly illustrated; 60 pages;,50 engravings; model of typographical art.
,
the most Extensive in the State and otter all Home Grown Stock. Peaches. Plums Pears.
latest practice and best methods of Culture. Most recent experience in orchard. and market with Persimmons, Mulberries, Almonds, Satsuma and'''other
.varietiesnew: ,and old. Japan Grapes, Figs Apricots Oranges. -and
'Lemons on both

. THIS UP-TO-DATE HORTICULTURAL HAND BOOKWhich ORANGE and TRIFOLIATA STOCKS.

Over 75 varieties of Roses all field grown and Budded and Grafted. Ornamental Trees, Shrubs etc
is free ,describes varieties of fruits and ornamentals offered \
sent
upon application over 300
for FLORIDA and lower South including NO BETTER STOCK. NO CHEAPER. NONE SO LARGE.
will those, to Orchards to visit and .
It pay intending plant my Nursery Experimental

Satsuma on Trifoliata-. Hardy Orange on Hardy 'Stock, k;. -:, I'*/-. _...*''.dte, ..for.. Catalogue- and any.infos.- .m.\tion'.wanted, W.- GRIPPING. PROP.-, ,,...,

Macclenny Fla.
GLEN ST. MARY NURSERIES

.. ; "NO: 7t7r" IS 'T IIE T TTX/WMH 1 ",
GLEN ST. MARY, FLA. i. ..
;! Send;: in! your orders this month for uuavooa n.:1: '11:1: Trees and: Roses.We ., -

"" MAKERS. can furnish 75,000 Eye buds dormant and next spring budding.. Orders booked now for
:MONEY delivery in October and November. Hirst-class buds and true to natre. Standard varieties as follows
: Majorca, Jafla- Ruby Blood, Hart's I THAT J.&T "WTEXA.1" ? erranean Sweet Satsuma and Grape Fruit. Buds well packed and sent to any part of the State for
I' 60 cents per 100; $5.00 per i.ooo. 10.000 budded Orange Trees a to 4 feet high, budded on sour and
ELBERTA PEACHES'ANoLKIEFFERPEARSProved : trif.liata stocks,,from i to i%in.,at the ground. Buds inserted in the stump at the ground (not. in
the roots)and can be protected by banking this winter. -
LOW", .. '--...- ,'. ; -7 Peachy Pear; Plum, Persimmon, Loquat and Fig Trees. Large three year old White Niagara
in 1895,.when other fruit: failed to ring freight.: Grape, Yilies. ROSES. .

Satsuma Oranges, Grafted Pecans, Figs, Mulberries, Garber and Japan Golden Fifty varieties of roses budded and on their own roots. The famous Marechal Neil a specialty.
Russet Pears. Everything in Fruit Trees. : Our roses have proved to be well adapted to this State. For full particulars send for descriptive
.catalogue and price list. Address,
A p?AOX: A ; : HASTINGS & W Y L I E,
: G ALIDIDA Psrop'
) -"
j. JH. 1 II.. .; I Interlachen, Fla. ,: = --
Catalogue free. MONTICELLO, FLA. I
_._ _
.;. TREES; ,WHOLESALE. :. : ,CHERRIES IN FLORIDA.

,
"'- I will sell Fruit Trees'this season to the planter at wholesale prices Address,
.
I'c'J.( : : A. DANIEL I 4 Cherries cannot be raised in Florida, but

Riverside Nurseries: ,: Glen St. Mary, Fla.

-" I ORANGE'S. CHERRY PLUM'

: ;; ROYAL PALM 'NURSERIES '

'. cooked. any. form ..or made into pieS, tarts, jellies, jam, sweet pickle,preserves,
,1. 4' "' '
'
'
": :}:t ft. I etc., are fully equal or superior j o,the best cherries of the North. The tree'is an.

o ? ;". ; We have. ,,an Unusually Largeand,! .Fine-St ckof, Hardy Palms', enormous,\ bearer, ripening its fruit for six: or eight weeks in July or August. 1
t, '. 0 ..< Sbiubbery'Trees, Vines null.all.Manner of :Plants

,: r'' ,,. .. f.. ,' :. tf for House, Lawn, or Orchard. "It is a puzzle to everybody. Half plum and halt> cherry In quality and.appearance*. You.have. a rea .
,V".oOIII "
. treasure. -Farmer and Fruit Grower.
: : Fruit Tree,Economic.Plants* Ferns, Orchids,.Bamboos.. Cactus, Etc., for every situation and "The Cherry Plum Is a valuable acquisition! to,our list of fruits "Florida Agriculturist. "
all of the World. by mail,and postage "Cooked It Is equal we believe superior,to the Early Klchmoud the most valuable of all cherries for
t for climate Plants sent safely to parts We pack pay
every culinary purpose. The sauce Is very rich In coloring and flavor a richer color and richer flavor than that
"., -Catalogue.ratesorseedtar erplantsbyexpress.orfreight. of the cherry,and free from the strong acidity of the. plum and leaves nothing to be desired in the cherry .
Send for'targe catalogue illustrated and priced: line."-Halifax Journal. .. '
.*l'I. IlEASONEK BROS., Oneco' FIR:
.-**/' .. ;
TT* About 200 fine budded trees, 4 to 5 feet, well branched, 65 cents each, $G pr dz.

I GENUINE' ;BERMCIBA ;ONIONS: : ,l/fr/ 'Vl\o:1: :. L. ORANGE,

Manville Fla.
i iI 'Our stock of this popular'variety i is'now?">eadyf for,(delivery: Bewar: spurious' (
i Italian an .California stock sold bynorthern..houses at $2 to,$2.6.o per pound.. et< 30,0. ACRES IN NURSERY. O ONE, ACRE UNDER GLASS. O 38TH YEAR.FRLJrr .
Y

OU R SEED ARE: J "G,,EN UPI. N E.. / TREES Specially Adapted to Florida.

Both" Varieties, White and Red, Packets: cents; i'oz. 15'cents t ; 1 oi.j ; 25. ,ants; .
J lb, 85_centsl'lb.$3.QQP; paid. f Oriental Pears Japan Plums on Marianna Stocks Japan Persimmons Giant Loquat, Strawberry
i Plants. Grape Vims etc Rare Coniferae, Broad Leaved Evergreens, Camelias. 5o.coo Palma
Hi[. G.' H.A.S I'NGS: &" 00., SEEDSIJEN.: |ooooCamphorand Cinnamon trees,RO t8., The Greenhouse Department is largest andm9
"i'' it complete in the Southern States. We grow everything in trees and plants suited to South
Interlaohen, Florida. erp orti ulture. Catalogue free. Address P. J. BERCKMANS, Augusta, Ga. No A ent.l.
Catalogue free on application. 1
.
,/

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802 _. THE FLORIDA FAJEtMBB AND FHUrT-GROWEH. ... ,. ;" DfiOBMfeEH!: 21, "

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State, ipoltnralLAKE FLORIDA CITY, FLA.Colleue 0 THE "DAISY"" .PLOW'






.
NEXT COLLEGE YEAR BEGINS [LTFTEJ ,'

MONDAY, SEPT. SO. 1895. I An Implement That' Every Gardener and Strawberry

J FULL FACULTY OF ABLE PROFESSORS. Grower Should Have.
regular courses, Agricultural, Mechanical F .
Latin-Scientific, Women's,equiv
alent in length, studies and honor. Graduates!
of Latin-Scientific course receive degree of A.B.; Shortest Quickest Most Attractive
"" of other courses,degree of B. S. ,
A one year's Business Course giving thorough -

A't Penmanship instruction and in Book-Keeping.Commercial LawArithmetic, :R.01J sir g .

:,. A year" course in Stenography, TypeWriting BETWEEN ... -. .
and Telegraphy, fitting students for susiness.certificates FLORIDA POINTS AND THE NORTH
Graduates of these courses receive oiproficiency'
THE} ,
.
A course in Piano Music has been added Florida Central and PeninsularNEW .
under an associate of the Toronto Conservatoryof .
Music, giving best facilities to students of the I ,
Piano at a reasonable charge. THROUGH ROUTES. F.:: :,.
Military Instruction under a graduate of trt.
New York to Jacksonville by :
West Point. The young men are under Military ':;r
New Florida Pennsylvania R. P.:-to Washington. -
Discipline similar to West Point. The and Southern Hallway to
College Physician attends all students without Northern }Columbia, Florida Central &
charge. Lake City is one of the healthiest placesin Air Line.Cincinnati Peninsular to all principal
America. High Pine Land. Pure Water. In points in Florida.
eleven years there has not been a death at the .
College. All courses are open to women. Stu- Cincinnati to Jacksonville by -
dents not prepared for the Freshman class can Queen & Crescent to Chattanooga -
enter the Preparatory Department. and Southern R'y to Ever-
To all students from Florida tuition is Free in Florida}ette, Florida Central & Penin-
all departments except Piano Music. Music Limited. sular to all important Florida
students pay a reasonable charge. Students points.
from other States pay $20 a year tuition, music Kansas City Fort Scott &
extra. Young men board in the Mess Hall at$10a Kansas City Memphis R.B.to Kansas Cit :
month. Young women board with families in Jacksonville and to Birmingham, Southern B'y' i S 'E"JJJJ
town at $10 to$t5 a month. College year begins Thro' Line Ito Everette, Fa. Central & I
September 30, 1895. Peninsular to all Fla. points.
For catalogues address Louis to Jacksonville by .
Short Line to Du Quoin, '-
O. CLUTE, PRESIDENT, Holly Sp'gs 1St. Central to HOllY P'gs, The best Tool for'intensive culture ; saves the expenses of a horse;
LAKE CITY, FLA. Route. City, Memphis & Birmingham !
J to Birmingham,Sou. does. the'work just how and where you want it done:
R'y to Everette and F. C.& P.
.
Sioux City& Chicago to Jack- '
B. STETSON UNIVERSITY sonville. Ill Cent. to -
JOHN
Ilolly Sp'gs}Sp gs, K., C. M; & B. to Holly Birmingham Thousands of acres of Truck and Strawberries are cultivated entirely by hand.
Iloute. Sou. R'y to ,Ever- This little plow-has been perfected with special reference to Florida use and
DELAND, FLORIDA.For ette and the F. C. & P. with the assistance and suggestions of Florida growers. : '
Louis'ille & Nash'ille to River ..
both sexes, College Normal School New Orleans Junction. F. C. & P. only I.
Academy, Art School and Conservatory of Music, To 1 route with through sleepersJaekso'ville
An institution of first rank. Faculty of twenty between New Orleans and
teachers.steam,lighted Seven by electricity.elegant buildings Hot and,'heated cold water by I i Jacksonville. > Four Points and a Wrench Go With Each Plow.Given .

baths; Thoroughly equipped gymnasium. De- $ The F. C. & P. has '700 miles of track in
partment of Physical Culture, with Military Drill Florida running through the I
for young men. library of 6opo volurn rs. Read- Tobacco Regions, subscribers for
with this paper to new one year for $5.00 f. o. b. at our
ing room, with all leading periodicals and daily Stock Farming and Dairy Section,
f and weekly papers. Thoroughly equipped Peacn and Strawberry Lands,
chemical and physical laboratories. Separate Orange, Banana and Pineapple Country, Storeroom.FARMER
frif and FRUIT
buildings for Music and Art Schools, with artists Phosphate Belt. GROWER,
of established reputation in charge. Opens Has the Silver Spring and
October 2. Send for catalogue giving full jnform- Other fine Scenery.The :JACKSONVILX4E. 1P LA.
ation, to Great Hunting Country.
JOHN F. FORBES, I Reaches the Noted Fishing Ground. .
President. I Has the best lands for tilla variety N. B. Special low rates given for Pony, Clipper and Hammock Plows in con-
of soils in the State, and above all nection with the paper. Write us for terms.

: Runs over the Central l, Rldgeland
i Where it Is High and Healthy.
lorida i Prosperous towns flu its route and it offers
d the best freight facilities for any produce to I SHY ? '
,Lan sOranges the Northern markets., Send for the popular
song-
"MY FLORIDA "
with its spirited words and HOME.beautiful music Go oil "Niggering the Corn off the Cob, Blistering your Hands and

I i descriptive of an actual Florida Home, and Wearing the Skin off? Buy a
orts which is gotten up in elegant style-Six pagesof
I full sized best music paper,containing alsoa
picture of a home in Florida and a hunting CYCLONE
CORN
ii nvestments scene. It Is mailed on receipt of 10 cents (in SHELLER.SEVERAL .
stamps, to pay expense of distribution.)
Send also for the best map of Florida(sen REASONS WHY YOU
free)and note the towns on its route.A.O.MAODONBLL.G.P.A.
;Developments SHOULD HAVE ONE.
Jacksonville,Fla.
.
-

AttractionsAddress, The Fla. Cent. & Peninsular R. R. It is fully warranted-against breaking or getting *

III; out of order by any fair usage.It .
Offers to
G. D. ACKERLY, Shippers takes less power to do the same amount of
The Shortest and Quickest Route work than any other machine of its size ever
e1 CCNCRAL PASSENGER. AGENT, made.

THE TROPICAL TRUNK LINE, BETWEEN !l There is no time lost after you are,through
FLORIDA AND ALL POINTS IN 1 e < shelling by picking the cobs out of"the1' shelled
JACKSONVILLE. F'LoRIDA.flRRYS corn, as the machine takes the corn all off the
THE EAST AND WEST. :, cob, drops the corn in the box or basket, takes
With Improved Ventilated Cars,this com- ?9 = the cob on around and throws it off at the back.
handle is better equipped than ever ever to ; r By:a little practice with it you can easily shell
You the Orange and Vegetable Crops, and r cue bushel of ears in about 4 minutes or less.
Insure close connections and prompt despatchto The sheller is small but it will do the. work of
Can Get all Easteru and Western Markets. -'-f many a larger machine. *

Ferry's Seeds at your dealers" Through oars to destination with i The spring can be adjusted to any tension required *
as fresh and fertile us though out change or delay. and can be loosened when not in use, thus
f Deed got them direct from Ferry's Perishable freight followed by wire and avoiding any chance of its giving out.
Farms. shippers advised time passing various Junction A shelter wrench accompanies every machiUe.i i
points and arrival at destination.All .

SEEDS ly justed.claims for: overcharges and loss prompt- The manufacturer of this machine is.rated in the Commercial Agencies at $tsooo'and I is
personally known to the Editor to be a responsible man. The
See that your goods are markedvia "
F. C. & P. R. R. '
are known and planted every. CYCLONE CORN SHELLER
where, and arc always the For information call on or address the undersigned -
best. Ferry's Seed! Annual : Is not a worthless claptrap affair,but has genuine merit.
for 1805 tells all about O. 8. TAYLOR Trav.A'gt Ocala,Fla. Retail price $3.00. Given with the paper one year for >$4.00 or as a premium tor three new
them, Free. W. B. TUCKEtt, Gen. A'g4, Orlando, Fla.G. subscribers at $a.oo each. Address all orders to '
D. M. & Co.DetroltMloh. M. nOLDEN, Trav. gt!"{ Leesburlrt.Bla
Ferry w. It. FULLER.xrav. A'g't,Tampa, Fla. FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER,
Or N. S. PENN NGTON, Traffic Manager
Jacksonville,Fla. Jaok.oaa-vJ.11e, '1a.
W, H. PLEASANT8, General Freight Aft
.
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I .:E''i. FLORIDA FARMER FRUIT-GROWER. $2 YEAR.PER .

I -
,

TOBACCO. ON A BLACKJACK than to attempt to cultivate crops corn, if its roots are not lacerated in average; and where he has, perhaps,
RIDGE. '. down on that black, waxy muck. cultivating.In two or three leaves just right in the

I w setting out the plants he employs middle of the stalk, he has three or
MANURE.
i A Valuable Object Lesson to Prospective hand-labor or, sometimes, a hand- four at the butt which are about worth-
I Planters. He uses no other kind except ani- planter of some description, such as is less {from over-ripeness, and three or

Although we attach great Impor- mal manure and, latterly, a little used in planting corn. In taking up four more at the top which are about
tance to the teachings of Cuban ex- ashes-not even cottonseed, meal. In the plants it is necessary to be very worthless from immaturity. Every
perts for Florida farmers who have addition to his own supply, he hauls a careful not to bruise the stalk, as it is farmer 'has an analogous case in his

i had no experience in growing tobacco, good deal from the stables of the succulent and tender. The plants corn crop. The best farmers aim to
Southern Express Company and oth- should watered until when the have "fired"
yet we believe that the example .of a bet sufficiently cut corn leaves
thoroughly successful American planter ers. It lies widely scattered in the they become well established in the about up to the ear, thus striking an

on his own soil is of .still higher barnyard, which, of course, causes a soil, after that they will take care of average to the best practical advan
I j value. Such a one is Mr. E. A. good deal of waste in the rain, but themselves and do well enough with- tage. But the loss on an over-ripe or

I' Lindsley, who lives in North Jack prevents it from fire-fanging and rots out watering, provided the soil is kept under-ripe leaf of corn fodder is noth-
'I sonville, about two miles out from' the it thoroughly, without which it is not i well enriched. The rows should be as ing compared to the loss on a fine,
I river, on the Moncrieffroad. We have fit for tobacco or vegetables. He haulsit : wide apart as with corn, in order to silken tobacco leaf which is destinedto

known him several years, and have onto the land without stint, seventy- prevent the singletree from woundingthe be stretched and plied in a manner
visited his little farm a number of .five or eighty one-horse loads to the plants.or''tearing the leaves in cul- which will severely test its toughness.-.'

\ times, and always received instruction.Mr. acre-and one of his powerful horses tivation; and the plants about a footor SUCKERS.As .
Lindsley is rather skeptical will haul as' much as two ordinary fifteen inches apart in the row.
about the amount of good tobacco land Florida' nags. WORMING. soon as the seed bud is pluckedout

in Florida; but he is one of those This year he will try some ashes One_ he had a litter of the plant throws out suckers at the
farmers absorbed from the city crematory-not from the year pure bottom. It is allowed to retain one
thoroughgoing intensely 'Berkshire of which he made'suchpets
in his work whose furnace where melon rinds and tin pigs; or two of these, according to its size
own acute- that they would trot after him
ness of vision somewhat curtails its cans are burned, but from, the special the field like He trained and strength, generally two, which
over a poodle.
furnace where bones and dead animalsare come out on opposite sides. About
breadth. Northern
Coming from them search the for
to ground cut-
consumed. This artiCle is offered the time the ,last leaves are plucked
State he has lived inthis one spot, for would take and
worms. Tbey a row
and ''l he well be 3.t,35, to 4ocents: a barrel, and he be- from the main stalk, those on the
twenty years, may ex- examine every:plant in regular order,
lieves it valuable. suckers begin to ripen and are readyfor
cused for little in
a pardonable pride nuzzling around it and finding the
gathering. Then there comes outa
believing he knows his own soil toler- SEED BEDS. worms quickly. But he would not
second of suckers and
set finally a
ably well. These run east and west on a warm advise the farmer to use pigs for this third set, the crop of leaves from each
HIS PLACE ''unless he is as fond of animalsas
slope with a southern exposure; theyare purpose set over-lapping the next, so that the
consists of sixteen acres, and of this several hundred feet long and himself and has as fine and short- plant is kept active all summer.andthe
he never plants over one acre in to- about six feet wide. The surface is nosed a breed. Otherwise they would harvest of leaves continues for

bacco.. He says he cannot properlytake slightly raised above the,general level, greatly injure the plants by tearing up several months, there being four sets

care of more than that acreage, and the soil is made rich.. 'There are the roots. of leaves from each plant. At no
together with his other crops. It is slats across at intervals, on which cur- Turkeys are very effective againstthe time does the plant present a wholly
practically his only money crop, all tains made of grain sacks can be tobacco worms and the bud-worms, plucked appearance. There are al-
the rest of his land being, occupiedwith ,rolled down on ,rollers as a protectionto but the objection to them is hat, in ways some leaves to screen it. The
and food He has the cold picking, off the worms, they are almost
forage crops. plants on nights. last leaves are plucked only a short
three fine, large Tennessee horses, a At the time of the severe freeze last certain to puncture the leaf, which in. while before the frost comes.
few sleek hogs and numerous fowls. February his plants were well up, and jures it for wrapper purposes. He there.
His tobacco barns and stables are not he was so discouraged he did not go fore employs nothing but Paris greenas GENERAL RESULTS.

large, but their arrangement has been near them for 'several days, knowing a remedy against worms. This is By this intensive system of cultureMr.
well studied, and on one side of his they must be all killed. Finally he applied by means of a sprinkler, which Lindsley claims that he producesfrom
well-kept grounds is a substantial told his man they would go and uncover consists of a fan worked by a crank. 1,200 to 1,500 pounds of tobacco
frame building bearing the legend, the beds and sow cabbage seeds, He finds this far preferable to a bellows from this one acre. He is handicappedin

"La Rose Cigar Factory No. 59." when, to his great surprise, he founda sprinkler. The tube is small, and the the sale of it, because there are no
He buys now and then a small cropto good stand of tobacco plants. orifice can be so adjusted that the poi- other crops near at hand to attract
supplement' his own in making Enough belated seed had come up to sonous powder is distributed in an almost purchasers, so that he is in a manner
cigars. take the place of the frozen plants. invisible cloud, thus economizingit compelled to manufacture it into cigarsin
and at the same time completely order to find a market. In this
SOIL. VARIETIES.On covering'the' leaves with a thin film of way he makes the tobacco net him

He"calls his place "a blackjack his one acre Mr. Lindsley raises the poison. He says ,that his trained about $1.25 a pound for the entire

ridge, and yet the grand' wateroaksand eight varieties of tobacco, namely, the helper, a negro, has become so skillfulin crop. This makes a pretty good in-
sycamores along the roadside Vuelta Abajo, ,the Little Cuba, the the use of this duster that he will come from one acre.
attest that the soil has some' very sub- Comstock Spanish, the Hyco, the give five dollars to any person who Mr. Lindsley does not advise the
stantial qualities. There seems to be Hester (from Connecticut), ,the Con- can find a punctured leaf in his tobacco novice to think of manufacturing ci-

no clay bottom ; at least a nine.foot necticut seed-leaf, the .Sumatra, the patch. _, gars from his tobacco, or even of at-
well has not revealed any. The sub. Burcklen hybrid, and hybrid of his CUTTING.In tempting the processes of curing it,
soil would be the of
delight an
rich sand orange almostas own production The pure ,Sumatrahe his early experience Mr. Linds until he has had several years' expe-
golden ,
grower-a has discarded ,as of no value but rience. '
:
cut the stalk entire as is the
ley ,
mellow to the touch as velvet. up ..
.
he uses it to produce this hYQridjust
in Gadsden county but he
Down through the middle of his practice ;
mentioned. In a separate:bed. ;where discarded this method some years ago. A visit to the farm and vineyards of
swale black muck far
place runs a a ,
richer than the sand ridges alongside,. he wishes to raise ,plants to produce, He admits that, for a large crop, this John A. Dominick, at Lundy, will
seed he sets ,out two plants: of the convince of the
and and treacherous that process is the,most expeditious, but for soon any skeptic great
he is yet engaged so frosty with an ingenious con- Comstock to one .of.'the: ,Sumatra,, thus a.small crop, like his, managed 'on the possibilities of wine producing in
giving in: the hybrid ,preponderance> Putnam Mr. DominIck's
intensive it would be extremely county.
in it with sand to system,
trivance filling up ,
its agricultural He had .of the Comstock qualities. On his crude and wasteful. He ,argues reasonably vines, although young, are producing
improve uses. seed plants he :'allows only the ,first he that the lower leaves large yields, and his wines possess a
horse hitched to plow and two ; says
a
one .
others each to a long plank with low bud to produce seed; all the. othersare of theplant: in the alternating hot sun- very fine flavor.-Palatka Times- i

sides. These planks were placed end picked off.PLOWING 'shine and rain of the Florida rainy sea- Herald. .

to end and a furrow, slice plowed on lAND PLANTING. son, become, ripe enough to pluck sev- <
to them, thus loading them in two Heretofore- has not usually plowedover eral days, and even weeks, before the We regret that ,we are compelled to
seconds with 700 to '1,000 pounds of four inches deep for tobacco, but topmost ones. In two days a leaf will admit the fact that we believe Bre-

sand apiece, which he then hauled I this year he will employ a subsoil plow ripen and pass from the best possible vard county produces less of the necessaries '
and down possible. But condition for purposes into a and luxuries of life which it :
:down into the swale. This stripped get as deep as wrapper '
:off the few inches of real soil, leaving I in cultivating the'crop he prefers shal-- 'condition in which it is practically consumes than any other section of ';

only the yellow sand; yet he said he low work, the shallower the better, for' worthless for a wrapper. Hence the the United States, having equal resources t,
would rather begin over again and tobacco is a surface feeder. Still, it utmost that the, planter can do who for their production.. dian,
'" '
I will endure drouth almost equally with cuts off the entire stalk is to strike an River Advocate. :
,;create a soil on these 'peeled ridges j I II I

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{j',s
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$. THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. DECEMBER 21,





FERTILIZER! liEAD'. UARTERS.- ,

,, ... 0 .*
I F' '. .- "
:
.

; S.A.V'"E O E ,) Ul

: .-' .' ,.' \ :, N I (.; '. '.

..On, .. .,anything1. you want. in the FERTILIZER LINE by writing to us before you, buy.. Watch ,'tlii'. :: spaed' for,

1 Announcement, of our new
"

::1fJ.L': L AROUND' Brand :for Orange Trees .I 5: Per" : .Ton" ,
!
and Vegetables, ; .

,.. ..
'
.We k constantly on hand a full Stock of SULPHATE AMMONIA, NITRATE SODA, ,DRIED: ', BLOOD; ;/'BLOD') 'and, .BONE. GROUND.

: : .:-z. BONE, ACID PHOSPHATE and all forms of POTASHES, which will be sold, at Close. Prices. .

Correspondence' ,'and Inquiries Solicited.


LITTLE BROTHERS' FERTILIZER and PHOSHATE.COMPANY' ,

!
JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA.

,...-... '

'Pear Blight and Peach Yellows. ent-affection from the.true fire,blight, in .that when it does start it makes a Outlook for Florida;
1 'It has been settled by scientists, to and should be called frozen sap.blight. soft, succulent fiber which easily fallsa From the Farmer and Fruit-Grower:
their own satisfaction and to the satis- This is not contagious, while fire blightis prey to the germs of blight. The Surely the enclosed clipping must
faction of most men who attempt ; it affects only the soft, succulent same course of reasoning, if true, exaggerate Florida's dark spots and
keep..abreast of the latest discoveries, extremities, while fire. blight, if not would apply to trees in sod. the future is not so hopelessas: depicted. -
that pear blight is caused by a minute eradicated with the knife, will often Now, in the case of yellows in the .
organism, a bacterium, which enters settle downward until it kills the'entire peach, the opposite conditions seem I have yet faith in Florida's possi--
the of the tree. It has been shown tree down nearly or quite to the ,
sap to prevail ; that isa peach tree grow- bilities, in returning a fair interest on
by Professor Waite that this parasite ground. ing in damp soil is tempted to growso investments there, and will still continue
enters' the tree at its vulnerable points, Again, we have seen a'blight, in our ,long and,so late that it is caught by to squander some good money
I as, for instance, at the tips of growing LeConte pear trees and even,the kaki the frost, and this eventually inducesthe developing'a pinery ,in the' sand hills
I shoots, at the bloom, through holes (Japan persimmon) trees which was dreaded ,disease. In England of southern Polk county.H. .
drilled by woodpeckers in the bark, not the true fire blight, but was caused they grow the peach mostly on plum G. WURDEMAN.Old .
j etc. 'Entering thus at unguarded by poisonous matter in the subsoil, stock because this stunts it, whereason Orchard, Missouri. ,
points, the parasites pass down through presumably ferric acid, which occursin its own roots it grows so luxuriantlythat The clipping sent by our corres-
j, the channels followed by the sap, and small spots in the Florida flatwoods, the wood cannot be ripened up, pondent is from the Chicago Trib--
corrupt the tree, destroy its life, as far indicated by a brown or,snuff-colored, even under glass, and a foundation of une'and'consists' of letter from that
down as they reach, unless arrested in subsoil which will impart to a pool of ill-ripened wood is the beginning of journal's "special a dat-
correspondent"
,, The branch affected turns water an iridescent gleam. But this
some way. all,evils, especially of yellows.A ed Jacksonville October It is
black of the form of blight can be 29.
through disorganization prevented by Maryland paper says : "I am decorated with conspicuous head-lines
sap' and the only) remedy that has perseverance in filling the soil with clearly of the opinion that the, great which would be worthy of an accountof
effectual is to cut the branch decayed vegetable matter to form hu-
!
..proven: drawback to the peach is that in many a massacre of ten ''thousand Armen-
, :*off'as; ; far down as any trace of blackness mus, and by counteracting the aci'dwith places it has no chance to ripen its ians. If doubt existed as to the
! '. is found in it, and then three or alkalis, such as strong hardwood ..wood.I mean that the trees grow so animus of any this article and its setting in
I four inches still further down to make ashes, lime, sulphate of potash, etc. continuously and sometimes very luxuriantly that have recall
sure r\&( &r*"'.or.....U&6>Vimrr; unaffected. wood. We- have n__ a-- few- -- _such un spots in--_ our___ 'or-__ until their foliage is suddenly the fact journal that, the we editor-in-chief only to the
After making successive cuts until the chard which we have aparently curedin destroyed by frost. There is no grad- Chicago Tribune winter residence -
l last trace of discoloration has been re-. the.course of five or six years and ual change of color in the foliage dur- ,.in Pasadena owns California.a
'moved,then the knife should be dipped which now bear healthy trees. ing,autumn, followed by natural fall ,
in carbolic acid to As to the true fire blight the The first statement in this-clipping;
destroy any germs only of the leaves, before cold weather, as
that may happen to adhere to it, before partial preventive-nothing will en- we see in most other trees ; but, ,on is as follows'j; "The loss of the
the cut is made in perfectly sound tirely prevent,it-seems to be a certain the contrary, the trees maintain their 1,500,000 boxes, which; was the estimated -
wood, or: else the germs may simply be moderation growth. If by'cultiva green foliage and keep pushing out new crop last year of Florida oran-
transferred further down and go on tion and fertilizing the tree, it is forced leaves until a severe frost occurs and ges, was,'' of course, a serious 'matter.
with; their destructive work. into rank growth in the spring it completely checks growth. This sudden It meant'at least a loss of $1,500,000
: The same; process should be repeated causes the fibre to be loose, coarse check and its effects upon the to the State of Florida, to say nothingof
at each diseased tree that is and thus affording an the loss to railroad companies and
; open, easy entrance vitality of the plant produce, in my
other.handlers of the fruit after it left
the knife should be disinfected at to these blight germs ; whereasa opinion, the disease called yellows." "
every branch before the last cut is tree which grows more slowly is This would indicate the expediencyof the groves of the producers. Thus
made which is supposed to excise and comparatively snug andtight'and does avoiding late cultivation and ma- the,.letter:begins with a falsehood and
remove the germs altogether. Not not offer the facilities' for the incur-, nuring in order to make the tree stop consistently falsifies all the'way through
only that, but all the diseased: extremities sion of these parasites which are afforded growing and harden up its"wood for and ends with a statement that is.little
of branches cut away should be by the rank growing one. the winter. Dry, land should be se- I better than a falsehood : "The one
carefully collected and burned. It has been.observed that pear trees lected, or.otherwise land well drained, vigorous.and, successful crop" in Flori-
Now, the question arises: what are growing in sod or damp, heavy soil, so that there may be no excess of ida is the Northerner. Here we
.the conditions favorable to the devel ; are not so subject to fire blight as moisture in the. fall to tempt the tree have an explanation of the letter,
opment of blight, and what can be those in cultivated land or dry, light to grow too late. namely the fact that people will per
done to prevent tit ? It has been soil. We have thought that perhapsthe Toi sum; it all in a word,. we have sist in going to Florida instead .of go-
orchardists that for this is the of the ing where the editor 'of the Tribune
reason in
thought by many case above some reasons for the facts which
blight is caused by unseasonablefrosts heavy, damp soil, the tree grows more most orchardists have. observed, that lives.A.,
in the spring, cutting back the months out of the twelve than it does peach trees do best on. dry land and friend:Florida sends' us a replyto
green growth, souring the sap and driving in the dry soil; and consequentlywhen pear.trees on moist ,land. the above clipping 'which he published
'
L.. it down into the unaffected parts it starts in the spring it does not -- ..*.* in the Tribune :
'::1' .. of the tree. There is no doubt that ,i go off with such a rush and make sucha Send us names of Northern people FLORIDA'S ORANGE .TREES..
r 'there< is a species of blight which isi rank growth as.the other. A tree whom you' would like to interest. in NEW.LE (OX.,: ILL, December ,2-:-

'thus caused, but it is entirely a differ- in dry soil has so few months to grow, Florida, ,to.receive sample copies} ; v[*Editor. .. ,.of the .Tribune.i ], .In the



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', .' ( ," ,4 ,11
I 1895; ._ .. ..:_. THE 'FLORIDA 'FARMER AND 'FRUIT- ROWBR. 806' -, '


i GIRARDEAU'S "TRIUMPH." f?

I 0'0 NOT THINK c I ":"i

II -- y.(.' "-.,,,,,5-:,,,j!'

: J < :1
,
I q- ,rj\:.

planting Melon) Crop for Market, I .}'.

before writing.me for full particulars as '.'.
to my new Melons, .;
.j4 .
1d _'_4 _'. ? x ..4 J.I ', d.i PyAi "J
., Ys 3'rt. :j: ; "
"TRIUMPH 1
I _
x .dQZ3 '
F
$

it&s, 5 "BLUE BELL r 4 .;
4 .
( v -

: a+yA
'SWEETHEART" Sad tsis



"DUKE JONES. r a 'a

i ii 3 ;,

All Parties buying of me"get full di i .
SIX MELONS WEIGHING 420 POUNDS. y- ,
-,,
rections how to 'grow and market your }''

crop. .

MONTICELLO, FLA., July 1st, 1895. ,.... '_;;I m
-
We certify that W. M. Girardeau weighed in our presence six oIhisnew"Triumph" ".," ,
Watermelons, their weights being 67, 68, 68, 70, 71 and 76 i.';.,0.". '"" ,. p--t

pounds. Total for the six melons;420 pounds Send for Catalogue full of information, as to fcj42>JVjliltfeK';" ,, I v ;, ;
i '
T. M. PUJyESTON, i s i- .,
Melons, Cantaloupes, Florida Corn, Giant Beg- n' f arlb
County Judge. gar Weed, Paper Shell ,Pecans, etc., etc. '' ."' *
R. C. PARKHIU, $&$&&&.''*' ;:&
Clerk Circuit Court.
I
'VJM: G.IRARDEAU",
I
JOS. S. DENHAM.
Mayor of Monticello. I I Montieello: > r'1A. I GIANT BEGGAR WEED..'


II Sunday Tribune of December i thereis from eight to 'ten cents to ship a quartof I they are not generally known I take ; visit to Savannah in 1865, had'his at

an article, "Florida, Its Orange strawberries to Chicago or New the liberty of sending them to "The! tention called to a particularly fine

Trees Dead," that would like to York. Too much, we admit. The Tribune" pro bono publico. shipment of lemons that ''had just ar- .

answer, as the article gives a wrong remedy is within the power of the MILLIS KNICKERBOCKER. rived, and was so favorably impressedwith

impression of the actual condition of the growers, namely, united effort, askingfor the fine appearance 'and superior

State at present,with reference. the the enactment of laws that will pro- Restoration of Orange Groves. quality of the fruit that he determinedto

effects of the freeze of last winter. tect their'interests. Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: try to propagate it in Florida, and

Having lived continuously. in Floridafor PROTECTION AGAINST COLD. I will be very 'much obliged if you procured a number of the lemons for
the last fourteen I 'write this From the seed of thesehe
years can With reference to protection to will kindly answer the question be- purpose.
from observation and actual experi.ence. orange trees, and, in fact, to all win- low- succeded in getting five or six trees,
A healthy ten of which all were "sports," save one,
ter-grown fruits and vegetables, bothin orange grove, years
: The actual condition Florida is,, Florida and in any locality sub- old, which was injured by the last and this not only produced a similar

or was, no -worse after the freeze thanit jected to late frosts, I will explainsome freeze and cut down to,the ground, fruit to the original, 'but the tree was'avery

was in Iowa, Nebraska, or Kansas practical experiments I have how many years will it require, to prolific bearer also.

last year .on account of droughts, the tried in Florida, as there we ,have had I bring 'the. grove back to the healthystate Captain J. L. Carney, of Lake Weir,

loss of the corn crop in consequence, to try every method possible to pro. and same size trees as before hearing of this tree, investigated and
0 it all that claimedfor
found that
and this year a big crop and tect from frost. It,is usual to protect they were injured?" was was
prices so low the farmers will realize i the strawberry plants from light JOHN T. STIER. it, and budded a large part of his
island with it in As the
next to nothing in profits. Peaches freezes with the common wire grass Louisville, Ky.A grove 1875.

and other fruits were so cheap in hay, which is shaken or spread over great deal depends on circum- original tree was killed, 'and Captain'
stances the attention and the Carney was the only one who had ''it,
Chicago last summer.the growers had the plants.A on "
shipping from Michigan and amount of fertilizer bestowed on the the variety took the name of "Carney,
to is made the
stop perfect protection of
which it is generally known.
other places. Over production always -, wire grass cemented together (in sizesaccording grove, etc. We will suppose that it by
receives and that it is The tree is a hardy, thrifty grower
such results. The average care not
brings remedy to the plants to be covered)
fruit is
and bearer. The
a prolific
as California has demonstrated, by boiling pitch sprinkled on to the seriously impeded by subsequentstress
better known in the Northern marke'tsthan
when it does not pay to ship, is'"'to,can hay. These covers can ''be cheaply of weather. Judging from the
here in Florida and the Northern
or dry the surplus fruits. The freezesto made of any size and easily ''handled, remarkable growth made this summer ,
dealers write that it is superior to
which California been subjected costing little but the labor ,of collect- by the sprouts from vigorous root systems -
lemon that have received
demonstrated the fact that only a few ing the materials. If properly cared ,a ten-year-old grove might be any they ever ,
not excepting the finest imported'stock.
favored localities restored to its full proportions in five
peculiarly
were
for they will last for more than one
"I know the
I Captain Carney :
and the or even less time. Instancesare says
years
adapted to growing
and
oranges, season are a perfect protection
be fruit of
tree to a rampant grower,
in different sections of
fact be said of Florida. reported
same may against any freeze in Florida for any
perfect flavor, a splendid keeper, and
the, State where the sprouts growingfrom
STRAWBERRIES INSTEAD OF ORANGES.In vegetable or fruit grown there.
bears shipment better than any fruit I
trees killed to the ground but
Bradford :Fla. the To protect orange trees, where thereare In of
county, grow- not cut down have reached the statureof ever shipped. one shipment
of abandoned but a few trees, I make a teepe of boxes I had
was
to
ing orange groves the old tree this summer and even 1,015 Chicago never a
several years ago, because of the frequently common burlaps nailed on tot strips, box decaved."
civfppn............. feet lon g .and. four feet projected out above its topmost
recurring freezes and the --- The of in this locality
apart branches. But, of course, such sprouts crop 1895, ,
and enough in number to surround -
turned their attention to thousand boxes sold the
growers grow- will be spindling and weak on their thirty was on
strawberries and other fruits and a tree. Standing on end these box and
ing bases and will two tree at $1.50 to $1.75 per ,
require a year or
vegetables that would sell in the Northern strips reach from the ground up to marketed in .
become
nearly the top of the tree, thus inclos- more to strong enough to October.J.
markets. This paid better than stand without And it M. CHAFFER.
the sale of oranges ever did. An average ing it. Inside, on the ground, I will up several support. to Candler, :Fla.Close .
require years more give
tin kerosene Thus
place a deep lamp.
of strawberries in -
acre grown
and
them the diameter of head trunk
Fla last winter after the the tree is protected from the wind, Root Pruning.:
Lawtey,; and the bearing capacity of the old .
freeze, netted over $300 per acre. All and the heat of the lamp will protectan Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower:

this will go to show that the.freeze will orange tree bearing 1,000 oranges tree. .. I send you an article on root pruning i

ultimately prove a blessing, becausethe against any freeze that has yet visited The Carney Lemon. and for the benefit of orange-

orange' industry was likely to be Florida and at cost of from $3 to $5 'Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: growers I would say that it is equally

much overdone. With its mild climate per tree. In answer to your query about the beneficial with that tree. It is not

,- and a diversified industry, Flor The above methods have been practically Carney lemon will give the followingfacts necessary to transplant alone in win I

ida will ultimately take a front rank and successfully tried. Necessity : ter with this method. I set last sum.

with any State in the Union. It costs suggested the methods. And as Captain McGahagin, while on ac ncr in June and July, after a good I'

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1

806 : 'THE' FLORIDA .FARMER AND. )!FRUIT-GROWER.. :._ -".DECEMBER\ 21,
,.
------
'-- .', .-- i

FERTILIZER_ FOR $27.00 A TON.-\: .:. ': ,; ,': ':-'::' r.a .

.
-- :: ; .

[ THE IDEAL f. *.-* :

."..-.', ..' '. ".1''k",
: ;

A Complete High Grade Fertilizer, Especially Adapted to :, '- ;;'' ..1

EARLY VEG-ETABLE AND O AMG-E 'I'REEl.' ,, ',

: ,J j
GUARAN'X'EED ANAr..iYSIS: I J
'" ': Ammonia, 452 to 5tf per cent. r
. Available Phosphoric Acid, 4 to 6 per cent. I
.,te Potash (Actual) ,,'- 6 to 8 per cent. '"' I Ij
to of Potash 11 to 13 cent.
j 4.',I Equivalent Sulphate per
Made Exclusively from Cotton Seed Meal, Nitrate of Soda, Blood and Bone Acid Phosphate and Sulphate of Potash. '" I
.
'
'j, I
We,also have a large supply of the Celebrated H. J. Baker & Bro.'s Complete Vegetable and Orange Tree Manures. Also a Complete J
Stock of all Agricultural Chemicals, Fine Ground Tobacco Stems, C. S. Meal, Blood and Bone, Fine Ground Bone,,Potash, Etc. '

WE SEEK THE GROWERS DIRECT AND SOLICIT CORRESPONDENCE.

: Write Us for Prices before Buying. ,
ILSON & 'I'OOJMER: ,
'
: Jacksonville, Fla. .I'EwrILIzER HOUSES! on FLORIDA.


rain, thousands of trifoliate seedlingsand mands big trees with plenty of roots directions for root and top pruning as staked, to grow 'finely, but to avoid
also some sour orange seedlings, and top, to support which, and to make well as packing, and offered to pay for staking, and to secure a new, straight
and now at the end of the season I them live, the nurseryman often trans- the,extra pruning, the box. to ,be sent: body, it is best to cut back short. Let
many are two to three feet high, and plants several times. This gives a by express. The nurseryman, settingme all shoots grow untill a foot or so long,
scarcely a plant failed to live. In mass of fibrous roots which will undoubtedly down for a crank or fool, packedthe when the straightest and 'best shouldbe
transplanting a seedling, I cut back if the season is good, make vines, tops, roots and all, in ,three left and all others rubbed' off. I I I
top to two inches above ground after the tree live, but practically dwarfs immense bales weighing 1,300 pounds, could give the experience: and endorse
I planting, and leave about two inches them and destroys their future useful- for which he got' special rater, and ment of quite a number of orchardistswho
: of the tap-root, cutting all fibrous ness. While Sampson lost his strengthby yet they cost me $67 charges. I have practiced this method with
" roots back to about one-half inch. If cutting off his hair, a tree forever pruned and packed them in single uniform success, but space will not
the tree is to stand permanently, cut weakened by leaving its "hair. rootson bale weighing 127 pounds, shipped allow me to mention but one. He
i the tap-root square across. From this when set, for it seems then com- them 250 miles, after which they were stands'on the topmost round( of ,the
l the future root system is to grow, and pelled to re-establish itself by emittingnew set by being simply stuck down, into 'horticut ral ladder, ,,and, so far ,as I f
f; it gives a deep, strong set of tap roots. fibrous roots entirely from these. well pulverized ground and tramped, know, ,is the only man 'whose' ,mind_
Ii Never leave_a mass of fibrous roots This results in a permanent lateral and the whole operation taking but two was so unbiased by the prejudice of i
when transplanting any orange tree. surface system. Sink a spade around days. Every vine grew, and next preconceived opinions, and his, per- I
H., M. STRINGFELLOW. such a tree a year, or even two years, summer, the third year, I expect to ceptions so intuitively correct, that as ::1
Galveston, Texas. after planting and a slight pull will lift ship grapes by the car load. It would soon as the method and the reasonsfor ''I
The article, in part, is as .follows : it from the 'ground, but a short root be' hard Jto estimate how many hun- it were presented, he saw its truth. ,+Ii
.Let one take, for instance,two peach pruned tree will resist any effort. The dreds of thousands of dollars'are annually Without waiting for the slow demon- I
: or other tree seeds and plant a few whole theory of the latter method is 'paid by planters to railroads in stration of experience, he at once putt ;:
I. inches apart in, say a ten-inch pot of simply copying 'nature. She starts charges on worse than useless tops, in practice on his great' 900-acre I
i good, rich soil. At the end of next her trees from seed with neither tops roots!$ and packing. peach orchard of 100,000 trees, whichhe
year let him turn them out and care nor roots, and universal.experience has 4. Thousands of dollars :will be was'about to plant in Georgia. I i
fully shake off all the soil from their shown that these and trees grown from saved in the planting. Instead of wrote to him recently as to how it had
,
I 1 roots and plant side by side in the open cuttings (which are practically seed)', if large holes and spreading out of roots, turned out. Here is the reply: ;E
. ground. Let him spread out in a large never moved, are the strongest, healthiest working, in the soil by hand, etc., as DEAR SIR: I am glad to state, that I
s hole all the roots of one tree, accord- longest lived and most productive.The now practiced, the planter will preparehis the close root pruning, which was prac-
ing to the inherited regulation method, advantages I claim for this methodover ground, stretch a strong_line, with ticed when planting our entire orchardof
, and'cutting back all on the other to the all-important one of giving.far tags tied'at the right intervals, make a ,one hundred thousand trees at Fort 1
about one inch and the top to one foot, better trees are: small hole: ,with a dibble a couple of Valley, Georgia, 'proved to be the i
;l. loosening the soil just enough to allow I. An enormous saving to the inches in diameter, stick the trees down most successful operation we ever prac-
I! of its being stuck down about six inches I in digging his stock the proper distance, and when a row ticed, less than one half of one percent
: like'a cutting. Treat alike, and in two nurseryman which now must be taken up ,with, is done, turn,back and tramp thoroughly. of the trees failing to grow, and il
years the root-pruned tree will be many roots a foot or more long. The tramping is very important.I all making the most vigorous and even I I
times than the other. And right in orchard
larger growth I have ever seen any !
3 here I wish to say very particularly that 2. An equally great saving in pack- will now repeat directions for root- in America. The orchard is now three ;
the great. superiority. of close root pruning ing. Instead of! great bales of tops, .nruniner._ Hold the tree-too.. down and old and an enormous
... b : : : -- --- -- - years gave us t
11 is not always so apparent' the first roots, mass" udggiug and rope, and cut all roots back to about an inch, crop of superb,fruit this past season.I .
labor of the
! year, the tree giving more attention to putting up same, or more or less, sloping the cuts so that am thoroughly in favor of this system
boxes thousands
of
f I i striking deep roots than making top. large of containing the useless when the tree is set the cut surface of root-pruning.
dead
pounds same \
I Even for several years, as we all know, thousand will face downwards. Experience has Yours very truly, i,
I trees as ordinarily set do well, but this weight, a root and top shown that these roots are generally "J. H. HALE."
, is due to the fact that a large amountof pruned trees could be packed in a emitted perpendicularly to the plane > '-
i root is removed even then. But a medium-sized, tight box, with a layerof or surface of the cut. This final prun- Fertilizers for Celery.
comparison with these will prove that wet moss in the bottom to maintaina ing should be done 'shortly before Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower.
when the strain of fruit bearing comes moist atmosphere, and shipped with planting, so as to present a fresh sur- Several weeks ago you published a
the close pruned tree with its roots perfect safety around the world. I' face for the callus! to form. If trees short sketch on celery growing written
deep and strong, out of reach of the intend to send shortly a sample thus are to be kept some time or shippedby by me. .
treated to our experiment station to inches of In this I wish to give simply
plow, winter's cold and summer's heat a nurseryman, about two my
and drouth, will stand up for many be kept for three months out doors, root should be left, the planter to cut method of fertilizing the crop.
then opened and planted. I know directed when is In the of fertilizers there are two
giving good crops long after the back as the tree set. use
years other with its lateral and surface sys- that every tree will grow. About a foot of top should be 'left., things to be taken into consideration,
tem has broken down and died. How 3. The saving to the buyer will be More or less makes no difference. If f viz.: the chemical effect, and the mechanical .
else are we to account for the early decadence even greater. As an instance, several the tree is well staked, three feet maybe l effect of the fertilizer used..
of our' latter day orchards? years ago I ordered 5,000 grape vines left without diminishing the growth In the fertilization' of celery the* me
,The planter, in his haste for fruit, deL from California, and wrote specific much. I have had six-foot trees, well l chanical effect obtained is of'great inv

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1895.. THE :FLORIDA: FARMER -AND FRUIT-GROWER 107

! f __ _H ..

portance. Celery seems to require a Hay..........'...... ...................to poundsOr I I to the other. The chicks have
Live Stock. Bran (Instead of oats).Ii... .......... pounds must
soil filled with decaying vegetation.The the shade and relish the and .fallen
FOR cow (FOR BUTTER) I i bugs
..... .
.
reason for this is obvious. The ""'-"""- .. .- .. Cassava (cut)...... :......... ...... ......15 pounds fruit. In return, they keep,down
heavy soil with the abundance of Cottonseed Meal....... ...... .... .... pounds
wa Balanoed Stock Rations for Florida. the
Ground Oats....................... ..... 2 pounds weeds and grass, thus dispensing
ter needed for its growth, would packso Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower. Hay or Fodder.................. ........15 poundsFOR with the necessity of all cultivation,
hard that the fine roots of the plant I want to .compound rations for a cow (FOR MILK). and at the same time they fertilize the
would be Cassava (cut)...... ............ ..... ....pounds i
unable to it
penetrate were moderately-worked horse, a couple of Cottonseed Meal ..... .... .......... .... 4 pounds trees with the best manure. Conse-
,it not for the lightening and looseningeffect milk-cows, and a few pigs in a Ground Oats...... ............... .. .. 3 pounds quently the orchardist has work to
pen.I Hay or Fodder....... ............ .. 15 poundsFOR no ?,
of the decaying vegetation.For want to use principally sweet pota. PIGS ((1,000 Ibs.) do except to plant the trees and gatherthe

this reason stable manure and toes and cassava of my own raising, Cassava ........ ........... ....... .... .20 pounds fruit. The latter is not work, but
cottonseed meal etc. are valuable. which I to Corn (meal). .... ...... ................. 5 pounds
add fun
to want oats when the fruit fine and
corn, Bran.................. ............. .... 5 pounds is ripe.
Since, in addition to their mechanical bran or cotton-seed .meal. Sweet Potatoes ........................15 pounds These conditions insure a healthy,
effect, they are rich in nitrogen and Please give me some well-balanced Boil the bran, meal and sweet potatoes vigorous growth of the trees; the fruit,

other chemicals they are doubly valua- rations, compounded;of above.stuff. and mix well: together ; otherwise partaking of the healthy condition of

ble. DESOTO.To pigs will eat very little or no bran. I, the tree, ripens beautifully with 'a luscious -
Since our Florida soil is generally answer these questions intelli- This is for store pigs, not fattening flavorand without worms or other

deficient in the fertilizing elements, nitrogen gently we will present, in tabulated pigs. pests. Even certain varieties of peach,

potash and phosphate, we are form, the most important ingredientsin .-. which nurserymen say often rot before

reduced to the necessity of supplyingthese the various articles from which our Poultry. ripening, never rot under such condi--

elements in 'greater or lesser correspondent wishes to compound his tions, and I have them each season of
-------------------------------------------- ---
quantities as the deficiency in the soil, rations : superior quality, while many ,of my'

I or nature of the crop, may require. .* .. S Edited by S. S. DeLANOT Apopka..Fla.------ neighbors complain of failure of crop,

I Since the quantity: of fertilizing elements : Q.;): Q oW Being "Suent." trees lost by insect depredationswormy
... oQ ItS fruit, etc.
I differs in different
very widely 3 p "Efta oW Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower:
soils and different .L*i B> O* Try your chickens and trees together.You .
crops remove vary- < tt An old neighbor of mine in the Adi-
Sweet potatoes............ 71.26 1.4226.00 will never it but will
ing amounts of the different elements, Cassava..... .... ......... 70.44 1.0327.62 0.35 0.38 rondacks used to say if a man did not regret won-
: a judicious application of fertilizer Corn (Missouri Dent)..... 8.2 der at the great benefit which results
' can Oats ...... ........ .... .... xi.o it.8 10.0574.2 69.2 5.0 5.4 stick to his business long enough to and that had not done
be made only after a careful study of .... regret you so
Bran (winter wheat) : I2 3 170 61.8 4.0 make to pay, he "was not suent.
the soil and thorough knowledge of Cotton.seedmeal......;... 8.242.329.213.1 h... ... ... sooner.
a
Th t '" th bl... h
a ;seem: s;: ioU LfW trou wit -
Fruit
the requirements of the crop to be The best attainable- guide in compounding poultry men in Florida. There was a trees plus poultry equals ,pro
' planted. rations for.domestic animalsis gress.-The Horticultural Gleaner.
fancy "Major" in South Florida a ....
-- *-
, Insomuch as stable manure and cot- the feeding standards of Dr. Emil number of years ago. He had a lot There real
deal
was a great estate
;; tonseed ,meal give.", both a chemical Wolff, an eminent German experi- of poultry, and a lot of kinds of them, consummated in Chicago ,recently,,
and mechanical effect, it might seem 'menter, who has worked out verycarefully and a lot of dogs, and fences made of that affects thousands of acres of

that they would be just the thing to the proportions of the various bags. But he, "was not" in a few land in many counties of Florida.
'
I use as a fertilizer for celery. While nutritive ingredients required for ani-- years. Then there was Mr. E. W. The capital stock of the new com-

I this is true in part, they could not be mals kept for various'purposes, suchas Amsden. He took the world by pany is $100,000, much of which .is

advantageously used. alone, becausethe milk, labor, flesh, wool, etc. His storm for a few years. But he has represented in Florida real estate.

fertilizing elements are not foundin calculations are based on a live weightof subsided. We don't know whetherthe The deal referred to is the sale of. the

them, in the proportions required.bythe 1000 pounds, which is the standard "jiggers" or "warts" got the best Ellsworth Trust Company to the

celery plant.:, To obviate this implied in the following tables. Our of him, or whether he made so much Iowa Florida Land Company The

trouble' the, ingredients found deficientcan correspondent figure out from money. he retired from his "chickery." president of the latter company ,is
be added 'in the':form of concentrated these the amount of feed he requiresfor Then there is the "Popular Poultry"man. Hon. I. S. Struble, ex-member of

II chemicals, such, as sulphate of his animals, according to their I learn he has executed a flank Congress, of Illinois.Mr. .

potash, nitrate of soda, acid phos- weights, severally or,combined.We movement and found himself in. Geor .

I phate, etc.Careful. will explain briefly that proteinor gia. Who comes,next ? M. S. Moreman, who is travel-

experiments have shown nitrogenous material nourishes the For my part, I commenced to have ing over the peninsula collecting statistics -

that celery requires nitrogen, phosphoric lean flesh, blood, skin, muscles, ten the care of poultry over fifty years and getting data on the present

acid and potash in the proportions dons, nerves, hair, horns, wool, the ago, and, though I never got rich or condition and prospective rehabilitation -

I of about five, five, eight. Therefore casein and albumen of milk, etc. For famous at it, I have as little notion of of groves for the government 'experiment -

!r a fertilizer containing five to six these purposes protein is absolutely quitting it as ever. It used to be a station and the Florida Fruit

i per cent of phosphoric acid and eight indispensable in the. feed of animals ; "side issue;" now it,is a business, anda Exchange, was in the city last Sat

I to ten per cent of potash would be the nO'substances free from nitrogen can good paying basiness to one who urday interviewing our orange grove;
most economical for this crop. Of be worked over into. protein, or fill the commences right, is an early riser owners. His report will be published

I such a mixture from 1,000 to 1,500 place of protein.Carbohydrates. seven days in a week, and, above all, during January and will be both relia
pounds would make a good fertilizing include starch, sugar, is a "suent. This Southern country ble and interesting.-Leesburg Com
for an acre. gum and the like and cellulose or fiber, offers several advantages to the wide- mercial. -

= _..._t..1 the essential. constituent. of the walls. awake poultry man over any place in i
' In and cotton -
uaiug: aiauic: : manure ; of vegetable cells. They are either the North. M.: CHESBRO. yc, BERxsnmE: Chester White.
I' seed meal can easily determinethe eteredl &; Poland China
you stored up in the animal's. body as fat Plummers, Fla.Poultry & : PIGS. Jersey Guernser&Hol.stein .
amount of each fertilizing element burned heat and .. Cattle. Thoroughbred
or to produce ener- -- Sheep,Fancy Poultry,Hunting
used by consulting a table giving the and House Dogs. Catalogue.
The fat of feed the in the Orchard ?
gy. the performs $. W. EMIT :ochranvllle. Cheater Co., Pa. .
I chemical analysis of each of the mate- same office in the body as the carbo- Poultry in the orchard is not only
rials used, end getting a corresponding THE IMPROVED
hydrates.Dr. advantageous, but is an absolute necessity -
: per cent of the whole weight of the Wolff's tables"give the propor- from a practical and economical VICTORINCUBATOR

I meal or manure used. A littlemore tions of these three classes of ingredients point of view. Other fruitgrowersas
figuring will enable you to tell just the whole reduced units of ,
to well as myself have been very much Hatches Chickens by Steam.
I, how much will be needed additionally "fuel value" or "calories of heat ;j" damaged by borers, and many other ,', -..-- ---' J, 1 The AbsolutE'IY..elfrelrulatln.simplest most reliable..
of the nitrogen, phosphoric acid and but this is a complication which we insects. But, for the nineteen years Catalogue __ r and cheapest flrst-claaa Hatcher)
I in the market
potash. need not follow out for the general that I have been breeding poultry extensively 4 cents? GliO nU1.'EL&CO.,Circulars QUIRCJ',fmx libNEW
After reaching a conclusion in this reader. I have not seen a borer in

due allowance can be made for the For a horse moderately worked, my trees, and but few other insects | | MAMMOTHPoultry

natural fertility of the soil. there is required, daily, 1.8 pounds of about them. But one year in that book ever published Guide ,for contains 180O nearly Finest 100
H. G. FLETCHER. protein ; 11.2 carbohydrates ; 0.60 length of time have I failed to have a pages all printed in colors plans for beat
poultry houses, sure remedies} and
recipes
Paradise, Fla. of fat. For a milch, cow, 2.5 poundsof fair crop of fruit, and with few excep- for all diseases and how to make poultry

4 protein ; 12.5 of carbohydrates ; 0.40 tions, a full crop of the very finest fruit I rs and John gardening Bauscher pay.,II r.,box Sent 31 post Freeport paid for, Ill.,

Mr. R. A. Green returned Wednesday of fat. For pigs 5 pounds of protein; this section can grow-in quantity and ,

from his forty five acre tomato 27.5 of carbohydrates and fat together. quality far ahead of any of my neigh- HATCH CHICKENS *i SM E; :

farm at Mineola, Lake county, to find Working on the above valuations, bors. I consider this the direct resultof ..- Excelsior Incubator.
that they passed through the late freeze we deduce the following as approximately my making poultry yards of my h luting.Stmplt,Thouaaudi Perfect Stf-Begu luooeti-
correct : orchards. In this I have two fut operation. Guaranteed to
almost unscathed. He has tomatoesas way ''' batch a larger percentage of
large as goose eggs. He says tomatoes PAY'S RATION FOR HORSB. crops growing on the same ground at fertile other eggs Hatcher.at Ian coil Lo"UuDT ..,

are being shipped daily from Oats .u. .......uuF................ 5 pound the same time, each benefitting the Circular ben J 60.*free fur, mad.priced Cassava (cut)... .....;.................impounds Ifu..Cataoguo.l 114 to 1 ft*&6tk bt,iaerIU.
that .p'oint.-Ocala Banner. Sweet Potatoes (cut).... ... ..to.. ...... pounds I other, and each really indispensable .



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8big { .'. '. THE FLORIDA: ''FARMER AND' FRUIT-GROWER DECEMBER\:2r': ':;,

__._ u '"'1\_
-'
,
household. ,When the bee issues ; ": .. ',
: .young 1"
State News. Our Rural Home. .. ,, ,
.
from its' 'cel1)"veak"and downy, SC'O'TT-"S J .., T'.,--

-- it has not strength to roam the fields ," .oC'1.

Edited by MINNIE GILMORE MILLS; and carry heavy loads ofhoneyand: .
'Mr.' Charles: T. 'McCrory picked a St. Thomas. Fla. pollen. It is then given the care. of CAllBODIG'ESTiVyCOMPOUND.I $ .
few ,off his grove out at South
oranges
the young to feed :and nourish, digestthe .
week and that he will :
this ,
lake says Bee-Keepinjr for Women.
food and feed the queen and .1.
have full 'half crop ,next year. South The second session of "the beekeepers' drones, secrete wax and build the : ,

lake is a specially sheltered location called to order at 10 '' ,
congress was comb, andis daily given a play'spellin 'r.:: !
from cold waves.Vhi1 the frost last o'clock yesterday t morning i at the the air, to locate its hive and '
open
week killed beans and potatoes in some Chamber of Commerce. There were 'gain strength for the heavy labors'bf Positively the one Remedy for'the'treat-.'' I
about here the vines ment'of. ,. ,
sections <; potato from States who ,
,
present persons many : the field. The office of the queen' is
on Mr. McDonald's place, ,at South i ii in the devel- .
interested
financially -
are no sinecure, as she lays at her best NERVOUS EXHAUSTION
i lake, are unharmed. :Messrs. Wilbur of the ,
opment honey industry. three thousand eggs per day and l let ;
I and McCroryrhave.bunches of bananas While bee-raising is a somewhat her productive powers fail her throne Simple and Aggravated forms of
forming on their banana plants there, novel undertaking in the South as a I ,
is
'given to another, for their law is ; "''
and theywill all have oranges' another matter of profit it is nevertheless one like that! of the Medes! and, Persians, Dyspepsia and Palpitation of r 'the Mil ,

season.-Titusville Star. of great importance, and is quite a which changes not-the greatest goodto

r We made a business trip to Tallahassee common and profitable industry in the greatest number. .'
Does food after eating? :Kre'you
and to the North and West. It is the ,your sour .
I last week, were pleased objectof BEE CULTURE FOR WOMEN.' easily confused and excited? "Do'you
i i evidences of increasing the in this section of
note striking bee-keepers get up in the morning tired arid .un-
"Bee culture for
; trade''and permanent prosperity in that country to show to the public that the opens an avenue refreshed, and with a bad taste in the ,

historic old city. It is in a rich farming raising of bees for the sale of honey is women which has long been a want, mouth ? "
in wealth !' as it gives to her the means of acquir- Is there a dull cloudy 'seneatidn,. 'attended -
i country, and is:; growing one of financial profit and not merelya
in the of her by disagreeable feelings:in the
ing retirement
of its chief industries be carried side money
I and population. One pastime to on as a head and ? '
.
home and at the"same time look after eres '
: : is tobacco growing, and much issue. Several interesting papers were Bee Are you irritable and restless,? i
the comfort ol her household
attention is being paid by the farmers read by those present at the meeting Does your heart't um'p' and Cause'.you

J to fine stock raising, Jersey cows in yesterday, among which were some by culture requires; no great outlay 'of to gasp for breath'after climbing sight.
: strength at .any one time, but to be a of stairs? -
its creameries
: particular. Butter from bee followers of the gentler sex who ,
: Does it:distress to lie the left
there be faithful on
,
success, must vou
::1 is now shipped to a number of South have made a success of the business.An formance of little items. per. side? : .

'; Florida towns.-Leesburg Commercial. especially interesting paper was who many make Any,loaf Have you impaired memory, dimness
} that read by Mrs. L. Harrison, of woman can a' perfect of vision, depression of mind and gloomy
of bread can, having a good location .
?
forebodings
Peoria 111. entitled for
;., The famous wild 'orange groves are Bee-Keeping
make bee culture a success, as she re' These symptoms mean that you are
in'this Corkscrew region, though some Women, which was as follows :
,, : alizes the importance of performing all suffering from Dyspepsia and -Nervous
miles the set- There are avenues of emol--
many
: twenty Or thirty beyond Exhaustion.
the manipulations of the'colony at the
ument to women. Theyare There is other' extant 'thathas \
,: tlement at the mission. These groves open young time. '. no remedy
;;, are in'the hands of a company, who teachers,book keepers, typewriters, exact done so'much for this class of troubles -

I will immediately clear out and put and many find, employment in manu- Women of the South of educationand asSCOTT'S

; into'proper' cultivation 1,000, acres of facturing plants. The number of occupations means would, do much good by CARBODIGESTIVECOMPOUND"

: the golden' fruit. As soon as this is open to women have in- engaging in bee-culture and interestingless :

: accomplished,, there will be means of creased from seventy to more than favored women in its pursuit. It '

'I transportation provided and then this five hundred, in less than forty years. i is a panacea for those'infeeblehealth; \,

entire section will be one vast settle The want,is for something that home- taking them in the 'glorious 'sunshine (
.: .If has resisted the usual
amid flowers and the hum of your case .'
ment, and ,from this settlement will keepers can do to earn money. Therewas happy methods of treatment we are particularly t

'; come a large supply of the Florida a wide field open to the ingenuityof industry. They will 'forget their ache'sand anxious to have yon give this compound

; oranges shipped from this State for our grandmothers. They spun wool, pains. When they'uncover. I a atrial. .

J some to come.-Fort Myers cotton and flax ; dyed and wove, cut colony of bees and breathe in the aro- We guarantee relief in every>case and
years and made garments, but now the inventive ma arising: from 'the thousands of will cheerfully,refund your,money shouldour
: Press.
\ fail to the most
flowers will take newi'1ife' remedy produce gratifying
genius of man has supersededthis they on' ,
I Parties from Orange Park, arriving with nimble fingers and machinery.Butter forget to '\worry and fret, singing 'instead Please results.'remember'that the" 'appellation
in Tallahassee, say that the mixed Praise God 'from Whom' all:
and cheese are made at facto- Patent Medicine does. not apply to.
: s'i school'at that place no longer exists as blessings flow.' And 'in conclusion '
ries. The ever-busy mind of woman Scott's, Carbo-Digestive Compound.
II such. The white and negro pupils, must now seek other avenues for the to the agriculturist and horticulturist I It is a, prescr'iption'put'up by a leading

b it i is said, have been separated and are exercise of her faculties. would say, remember that the busy physician.who has made t stomach :and

I now being taught in different build "There is much more in a colonyof little bee is your friend and' oworker., nervous,troubles a specialty years' j
I It claimed that the action of We court investigation .and earnestly
ings. bees than the honey and wax 'they She is trebly a benefactor. She caus- '
the sheriff of Clay county, in securinga eth blades of I u'se the urge all physicians to write us''for the
(
represent. They offer to any intelligent many grass formula of SCOTT'S OARBO"DIGES-
complete list of the teachers and patrons and inquisitive mind a rich field word in its broadest sense) to'grow' IVE COMPOUND, which we will mailon

. ,of the mixed race school, has of thought. 'Nature is rich in resources where none grew before; she rhulti- application, that. they may -satisfy

: caused this action on the part of the and the honey bees are in ,close I plies our fruits; she gathers the richestof themselves its harmless character arid I I

. promoters. It is thought that so long relation with it. Sex in plants is'' nectar to tickle our palates and excellent virtues.
: as the school is conducted in separate soothe'' toils and
she
now attracting more attention than our, lungs; early Scott's Carbo-Digestive CompoundIs
1 buildings that no legal action will be formerly, and bees act as marriage late, and at the close of her brief butusefullife'sl1e
' the most remarkable remedy: 'that
taken against those who have been asks :
priests, while gathering the pollen to neither'grave' nor
statute.-Floridian. science has produced. It has succeeded
ignoring the make the bee bread for their brood monument. Let a grateful, people where all other remedies have failed., _

.A large crowd gathered on Thursday they disseminate the father dust from 'write her obituary." Sold by druggists everywhere. $1.00

t ', night last to welcome the Cuban flower to flower. The cultivation of The following are some of the other per bottle. Bent! to any address 'in
.
America of
t settlers to our town. The people the honey bee opens up a new world subjects touched on in the way of essays forget on'receipt that we price.Don't cheerfully 'refund

numbered upwards of to a woman of inquisitive mind for Bee Culture Mr. G. ''W
i present fifty, : ,, your money ifresults.are'not: satisfactory. -
J over one-half of whom stayed at the every plant that grows possesses new Demaree, Christianburg,: ky.' Order direct if your druggist does

! depot in readiness to assist the arrivals; interest to her, for it may mean dol-- The subjects discussed by the con- ," not have it.

i i the'balance betook themselves to the lars and cents to her purse. The lit vention are the following;: Address'i\llorders to

Warner residence to assist in getting tle modest white clover, wherever it "Profits' of Bee-Keeping for theFarmers CONCORD CHEMICAL 'M'FG.CO.

supper and in preparing the house to rears its head, is petted and caressedas 'as 'a' Side Issue." \ .;

receive the expected settlers. The it holds within its petals nectar, fit '"How.May\ We Best Educate the TOPEKA', KAS '
Kirk & Co: Main and for-
For sale U.
party was composed of twenty-four food for the gods. There is a lessonto Dealers and Consumers tp"th'e Profits syth streets by,Jacksonville.J. ;

persons. They came direct from be learned from the inmates of the of Bee-Keeping.". ..

Havana, and will shortly be followedby hive. 'So work the honey bees- "Is it Practical to Introduce Bqe- .500 BOOKS,. ETC., FREE.Send .

a party bf forty-one persons. creatures, that by a rule in nature Culture in Our, Common Schools, 'as'

These will form the nucleus of the teach the art of order to a peopled is Done in Washington,. D. C., andPeoria souvenir ten cents of the and Cotton get by States,return and''mail,International A beautiful -

proposed settlement. The big barbecue kingdom.' I 11. ?" } Exposition, postage prepaid, and your .
address printed in the
to be given in honor of the The government of a colony of At the afternoon session the' (following "' name al of Commerce's and\ special "Mail Order jtlantllQurn Directory"that

Cubans I' 'will be? 'given on Christmas bees is all in the hands of the females, papers w'efe'read'f: : will go to exhibitors and hundreds of''mail
order firms? who will send you sample books,
day.---Ft.1; Meade item "in -BartowCourier and a woman may 'gain ins iration"br "flee'Keejiiog';: : ft.'..ProfitableIndus: :/ -, pa r8','etc.,'ttRnn. /

.' its study as to how best to govern her try;// 'by Mrs. J. D. Fooshe) bf'Gordh-' i ', //JOURNAL. bf COMMB2CB.Atlanta, u.. .




.

U .,. 'Y ., ,. ;:, ;.; ,, ,l;, :. ," ', ;,,,;.... ., ::. ,,:,,,' : ,.;:;.;,:, .!U.;,;,: \ .. .: .' .. i
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-- --- -" -



1895., ;.\. ..; ,. THE .fcBUIT-GBOWEB.- ,- .-". '" .----.. ..___.-...._ .' _U4 _________809'h. .,
--------

aca,'S.C.; Fatrtnep&T '
to'the'South! for'the:Best Food''for the done. See also How to live on six- strikes me that we could cryjstafize i
Mrs. Frank day by Dr. T. S. Nichols ..- ""- ... ""'- -- .......... ( ,
Production of Honey, by pence a ---" - this fruit in suga.r'anij there is big
Benton, of Washington, D. C. and the lately-published ." How to i A Big Florida Plantation that Pays. money in'them. The' fruit' 'is, such"a
The "'''bee followers held their last live on a shilling a week by,one who As an evidence ot the profitablenessof good keeper that it could be easily
session at 7 o'clock last evening, when has tried it" (London : J. & R. Max agricultural 'pursuits in Florida, and shipped to large confectioneries and
several '''important questions were dis- :well). The, shilling procured twelve to encourage those who have thoughtto converted into' a salable commercial
ciissed'relative to their interests. The and a half-pounds of solid food and a engage in farming in this State, article. There'are conflicting reportsas
following are the parties present at quart of skim milk. 'General Gordonas nothing is more conclusive than 'the to how the 'seed ''got i introduced
the congress, prominent among whomare ( the D. R. told us after the Deutsche operations of Mr. Randolph Eppes,of' here in :Louisiana.A .

Dr. J. P. H. Brown, of Augusta Rundschau of July, 1844) was an Jefferson county. Five years ago Mr. lady here claims to''have found a
Ga.;, :and connected with the government at at table : He eats no meat, smokesno late Major Burton W. Bellamy, a large from the grocery store. She plantedit !
Washington, D. C., in ethnological interests tobacco, drinks no wine and par- plantation in the northern part of that in a corner of her garden, the vine
: takes of no spirits. He lives almost county. As heir to the estate Mr. clambered over the'fence and reached
O. O. Poppleton, Stuart, Fla.; W. entirely on fruit, bread, rice, tea and Eppes also assumed the burden of an old pear tree more than, thirty feet'
S. Hart, Hawk's Park, Fla.; A. I.: water. He detests the English dinner,, debt which rested upon'it. The planta- high, and 'by 'fall the 'tree' was completely -
Root, ;Medina, O., editor of Gleanings with its heavy dishes and waste of tion consisted of nine thousand acres, covered with: the vine and
,. president :of the 'N. A. Bee time." Sir Henry Thompson (Nineteenth well equipped with stock and 'implements huge long crimson colored fruit hung.
Keeper's Association; Frank Benton, Century, May, 1885,) confirms and the debt was, in round dangling ''among its foliage. This wasa
Washington, 'D. C., department of with his weighty authority the aphor- numbers, $40,000. During the five _surprise to her"as well _as,her_ neigh
agriculture, entomological division ; ism of Hippocrates : Over-eating is years just closed Mr. Eppes, who has bors. 'News of 'the wonderful frUit
Dr. J.,,P. H., Brown, Augusta, Ga.; more injurious than over.drinking." not reached his twenty-seventh birth- soon spread. :People would ride for
A. F. .Brown, San Mateo, 'Fla.; J. D. Health, who does not care for that? day, has paid every dollar of his ,in- miles just to get a, 'few seeds. At
Fooshe and wife, Coronaca, S. C.; In civilized countries millions do not. herited indebtedness from the earningsof first she sold the :fruit at $1 each,
Mrs.' L.Harrison, Peoria, Ill.; J. Van They sin against God's laws of health, his plantation, and has added 1,700 and the demand was greater than, the
Duzen, Sprout Brook,. N. Y.j; J. L. laws which brute beasts observe after acres to his holdings.On supply, The price"rose. to $5 :each
Hubbard, Hendersonville, N. C.; Rev. their kind; and when sin brings sorrow this ;immense plantation reside for' the fruit' and 10 cents per 'seed.. L

James ,G. Jeter, Athens, Tenn.; W. B. they go to the quack to absolve about 1,900 persons, adults and chil- was among the'lucky ones to obtain a
LoWrance, Columbia, ,S. C.; N. G. them by a nostrum, some pill or dose. dren, who have also lived upon the fine specimen of the fruit.
Qsteen, ,'Sumter, S. C.; W. P. Wilkinson Happily the thing can't be,done. You products of the place. When it i is con- % The following spring, the seed was
,Hawks ,Park, Fla.; J. J. Keith, can't do ill and be well.: -Prof. J. E. '
?; sidered that in 1894 his principal crop carefully 'planted and {fertilized: ,with
Louisville, ,Ga.; W. H. Read, Hampton -. B. Mayor. (cotton) brought but an average of four cotton seed'meal. I sent several specimens -
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Ga.; A. L. Beach, North Caro- Pineapple for Diphtheria. cents a pound, and that, his net profitfor of'the'fruit 'to "a 'few of the
lina; 'F. Danzenbaker, Washington, that year was but''$2/500, the 'real leading horticulturists. of: the United
D.,.C.; W. R. Jester, Atlanta, .Ga.; F. Sir.-It may interest your readersto magnitude of his achievement seems' States' who 'expressed ':their astonishment -
D. ,Copeland,W. I. 'Copeland, Fetzer- know that the juice of the pineap- great enough, not only in Florida, but at'so strange 'a. fruit; most, of
ton, Tenn.; F. W.. Winn, G. W. Fet- ple is a good thing for diphtheria.Some for any other State. them; had never seen nor even ever
zer, Fetzerton, Tenn.; Hugh W. Mc- time ago the Herald. of Health" This great plantation lies fourteen heard of it before. I hardly believe
; Clary, .Fetzerton n, Tenn ; H. C. Simpson (London) announced the curative miles from a railroad, and the productsare that I will have"enough 'seed, ;to 'supply *
i Calaba, S. C.; Charles Dackner, properties of pineapple juice in cases hauled that distance by teams, mak- the demand, ham deluged with
Atlanta, Ga.; T. Fonts, Paskville, of sore throat, or even of diphtheria.Since ing the cost of marketing 'no inconsiderable letters from! all l parts of, 'the country! ,,
Tenn.; ,J. 'C., Moore, Globe, N. C.; J. then the "Humanitarian" has item. Mr. Eppes has made slid especially from Florida askingfor
Tt;",Calvert/Medina,. O.-Atlanta Con- had a paragraph on the subject, and upward of 700 bales of cotton this' ( more information. I ,believe if I
s'titutton.PlainLiving j the "Western Morning News" has year,while thirteen teams and small had $10,000 worth of seed I would
called attention to the fact that the army of men and boys have been sell them all"between now;and spring j
and High' Thinking. negroes in many of the Southern busily engaged for over a month ingathering I t am 'confident; this vine. will thrive,jn
old Hesiod is right "The' States of America have had ex-
Verily : long and housing his corn crop, any part of the United States, -or
half is'more Than the whole." And remember perience of healing by pineapple is ,
the value of which at present prices wherever the melon will, but I have
,another: of his sayings : 'Well juice. A ripe pineapple taken, the so little as to render its marketing im- no doubt that it will 'do better' with
begun is half done." Begin tomorrow juice is squeezed out and given to the probable. Nevertheless, Mr. Eppes you i in semi-tropical Florida than any

morning ; begin wisely, ,and you will patient, the diphtheritic mucus in the states that his net profits for 1895,w ll part'of the country, as i it. requires .;along
never repent ,Or if you must go oncem' throat is cut, and recovery is possi- somewhat exceed $n'ooo' exclusiveof season to perfect all its fruits,
mistress i ,of'fools, ,make' an honest ex- this health monthly, "cannot be givento to burn, and if he keeps up his present here from the fi.rst'daysof August till
, periment. :Next 'time you are asked nature's simple ways of cure," with pace as a money-getter, he will way after frost, but in the North the)
I to(' .(great' dinner- 'say: My host ismy' which, as a practical advocate of clean, have some of that commodity to burn seed; could .be'started'in. pots and 'setout
friend ; he wishes me well; he sweet and healthy living, I, of course, also before the silver begins to showin in open, ground, when, danger" : of
t wouldn't give me poison if he knewit heartily agree-yours, etc.-Northern his auburn locks.If frost is over, and this would, give ''it
; I am safe with him !I" Eat and Light. further evidence of the profita- time to perfect most of its fruits' before -
drink, whatever is offered whenever i < bleness of ''agricultural pursuits in' cold weather' sets in. I believe
yoq doctor ''that night and next morningand damage here. It hurt some of the What Florida needs more than any perennial-grow ',and produce fruit
,
the morning after that. 'Mark buds that had only been in a short
other one thing is more men of the from year to year. I havejust'picked ::
your own symptoms and the 'doctor's I' while. Mr. H, B. Stevens kept fires caliber of Randolph Eppes of Jefferson all the matured fi'uit"oft of
report. Do the 'same another time, in his pineapple ,grove for three county. Men of his stamp will my vines, about, 900 of them. It is
with "one exception fast the second nights.-Citra item in Ocala Banner. make headway anywhere in this world, like the ,banana in that ,respect, it ripens -
day. You? :will learn two lessons : First- and in no part of it better than right and colors up nicely when'picked
Cannot be Cured
Catarrh
Enough is'better'than'a feast, for feast- here in Florida.-A. B. C. in 'Citizen. full grown and put \vay.J. .
ing is l folly. 'Second-Fasting is nocunning' with 'LOCAL APPLICATIONS, as they L. NORMAND.
reach the seat of the disease. Ca-
but the cannot
trick 'of
priestcraft
tarrh is a blood or constitutional disease, Cassabanana. Marksville, La.: ,
most powerful and safest of all medi and in order to cure it you must take in- .
cines. HaVing learnt yourself, begin ternal remedies. Hall's Catarrh Cure is The'Rural' New-Yorker
to t teach. When thou art converted, taken internally, .and acts directly on the Dear Sir:: Your letter and order for helps
strengthen thy brethren. Issue flaming blood and mucous surfaces. Hall's Ca- seeds of the cassabanana received reduce the mortgage and increase
title. tarrh Cure is not a quack medicine. It some few days ago. I enclose enough
posters s with a science'good for clap-trap the unscien- was proscribed by one of the best physi- seed for your experimental grounds. the profits of the. farm.
Fragments in this for and is a
cians country years
tific: 1(. How to be healthy and wealthy regular prescription. It is composed oj f I have received several letters from Let us,send'it this week. Send
and wise !, 'How to sup for a penny the best tonics known, combined with the your readers who seem much interested
and rise next morning a wiser and a best blood-purifiers, acting directly on the I in what you published about this your address ; no money.
merrier 1 Mr. Wrjght, of Stock- mucous surfaces. The perfect combina- horticultural prodigy. In reply 'will The Rural t New-Yorker,
man
tion of the two ingredients is what produces say that the fruit is not fit to eat in a '409 Pearl Street,New YoA.IIANTED .
How to .
in
ton, his excellent tract, such wonderful results in curing
teach howto for testimonials free.F. raw state. We'cook it with sugar and '
Send
sgen bysjxpencewill you Catarrh. An I in : ,
which agent ev with them aredelicious.
to' bVlde' 'a 'penny supper for the J.,CHENEY & CO., Toledo, O. make preserves ; W tell the Cyclone Corn Shelter. ''AddrfeM
starving. First catch a neat-handed 'm-Sold by-Druggist, 76c. They have a pineapple Farmer and Fruit Grower, Jacksonville, Fia U






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1 810 THB FLORIDA J'AmlBBAND FBUIT-GBOWEB. DBCEMBER 21;

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Florida Grower After all that has been said and vice, a little roughly, it. may be, but and a spirit of fraternal regard among
Farmer and Fruit done in 'South Florida, it ,was left for still doing it. Now if there is any its members, and for mutual benefit.1 If

I, 'AStreet Weekly Newspaper published at 16 Main that cold shoulder of the. State, West prospect that England can introduceher the association reorganized and con-
Jacksonville. Fla. Florida, to, uphold the honor of the great laws and language into ducted on this idea its usefulness will
TERMS OF! SUBSCRIPTION. Atlanta South America and colonize it with be to the
the professionand
For One Year ....... ...........,.......12.00Por commonwealth at exposI- soon apparent
Six Months.......u........a.... ...i. 1.00 tion. Those counties carried off a her blood,.by all means let the work the intelligent public. It is the
In Foreign Countries ..in....all.....cases........cash...\3;ino gold medal, or several of them, be- go forward, so long as it is not accompanied -I only way it should be done. It is the

advance.Subscriptions No discount allowed on one's sides any amount of newspaper enco- with rapine and cruelty. I business way. It is the sensible way."
subscription(except in a cl b);but to miums. They were ably led by Col. ...+ If the. Florida Press Associationwill
all agents a liberal cash commission will W. D. Chipley, of the L. & N. R. R. Florida Press Association. get to work and keep to work on
I ; he allowed on all subscriptions obtained At a meeting of the Florida Press these lines, it will have the hearty sup-

! 1 by To: them. Write new subscriber for terms.we will send, It is broadly intimated by a Tampa Association, held in Jacksonville the port of THE FARMER AND FRUIT

postpaid every, a copy of Whitner's "Garden paper that the cold reception accordedby latter part of October last, a committee GROWER.
ing in Florida. For two new subscribers Fort 'Myers recently to a steamboatload consisting of five members was appointed .. .
at $2.00 each, we will send, of negroes brought down thereto to revise the constitution and Trees of the Northern United
postpaid", a copy of Moore's "Orange pack oranges had its inspirationwith by laws and otherwise inquire into I States.

Culture.Rates of advertising on application. the cattle barons of Lee county, the condition of the organization.The This is a volume of 224 pages is-
.
; Remittances should be made by check, who look with'disfavor on movements committee consisted of Mr. B. E. sued by the American Book Company
postal note money order or registered calculated to reduce the available Prevatt of the DeLand "Record," Mr. of New York, and its scope and
i letter to order of stock ranges of that county. The John G. Collins of the "Tallahassee- object may best be given by an extract
:' FABMEB.AND FRUIT GROWER, orange industry has executed a sum- an," Mr. John Frank of the Jackson- from the preface: "The difficulty
'i Jacksonville. Fla. mersault and landed in the lower end ville "Tourist," Colonel Fred. L. in tree study by the aid of the usual
: Weatner in aOKSonvtl1e.I of the State-if it has landed any- Robertson of the Brooksville 'News-
I Week Ending Dec. Ili, Js9s, botanies lies mainly in the fact that in
Ii where-and the cattle-men, ought not Register," and the editor of the Green using them the first essential parts to
a. a. =. =bO = .s::: to be hard on the growers coming i Cove "Spring." The committee' was be examined are the blossoms and
I t Dsra as :as =i a' a :1.1I :SI H a w down there to find "tree land." Thereare I in session in Green Cove Springs last their organs. These remain on the

I December-10.-.. -54 -45 -55 -4S -10 -50 -.42 several abandoned orange grovesin week, all being present except Mr. trees a very short time, are often en-
I, December II... 37 52' 59 3S 24 47.00 the upper end of the peninsula that Collins, who rendered a valid excuse tirely unnoticed on account of their
December 12... 50 55 64 43 2f 54 ..00I would not make bad cattle and
ranges for his absence. small size obscure color and
.
I December 13.. 40 40 48 40 8 44 .00 or are
I December14.December 15.""n. 38 34 44 49 61 50 33 35 z6 48 ..oo.co they might perhaps swap places with This organization, while number- usually inaccessible even if seen. In

i; !t December 16... 38 53 64 35 29 50 .co advantage. ing among its members many excellent this book the leaves, the bark, and,
-
Mean....... -42 -48 57 38 19 48 42 Prospect of War with England. and amiable gentlemen, has in an elementary way, the fruit are the
Total rainfall. While we do not pretend to know not heretofore been so conducted as parts to which the attention is directed J
A. J. MITCHELL.. Observer. the merits of the controversy between to command the respect of the State of ; these all can be found and studied 1\

CONTENTS. England and Venezuela-and, in fact, Florida, and THE FARMER AND FRUIT throughout the greater portion of the 1
-. GROWER has declined have and are just the that must
Tobacco on a Blackjack Ridge-An Instructive do not care to know them-yet we to anything year, parts
,Object Lesson ................. ........ 803 very seriously doubt if the plain millions : to do with it. It has been saddled, be thoroughly known by all who wishto
Outlook for bridled and ridden by outsiders learn to recognize trees." _
Pear Blight and Peach Yellows; of American citizens will many
i '; Florida................. ...i\ ............. 804 any war between the two great approve who are always stretching out a ca- .. .
Restoration of Orange Groves; The Carney daverous hand to favor The Experiment Station on Tobacco. ,
i Lemon; Close Root-Pruning............. 805 Anglo-Saxon Nations over this matter. accept any
i Fertilizers for Celery........................806 The game is ',not worth the candle. that will save money, especially in .
\i Iivz STOCK-Balanced Stock Rations for One drop of good American or En- i the line of free transportation on the Bulletin No. 30 of the Florida Ex.

\ Florida......................... ..... ... 807 glish blood outweighs any average life railroads, from any complaisant mem- periment Station in a monograph on
I POULTRy-Being "Suent" ; Poultry in the of those cut-throat who have ber of what should be an honorable the Culture of Tobacco Prof. F.
; Orchard...... ......................... .... 807 races The Florida Press Association by ,
STATE I Ews.........*. .......;.....: ... 808 gravitated, into the regions about the guild. B. Moodie, who is well known as the
OuR-RuRAL HOME-Bee-Keeping for Women, 808 I equator, whether on this hemisphereor became a reproach and a by-word, president of the Florida Tobacco
I Plain. Living and High Thinking; Pineap. the other. especially among railroad people, Growers' Association, and a practical
ples for Diphtheria..,................. .... 809 I It is small concern of ours whether even as far north as the Ohio river. and successful grower. He is announced -
I FARMER AND TRUCKER Big Florida Plant- Its official imprint which should have I
few hundred ,
ation that Pays; Cassabanana ............ 809 England usurps a leaguesmore I. as "special experimenter
ItDITORIAL-PrCsped of War with England; or,less, of those regions, especially been a passport unquestioned and with tobacco," thus giving to this
Florida Press Association; The Experiment when it involves no cruelty or unquestionable, has been looked upon publication the sanction of the highest
Station on :Tobacco; Trees of the oppression to any soul, but rather with suspicion, if not with open con recognized authority in the State. We
Northern United States ......... ........ 810 means better government than they tempt. shall take occasion to quote from this
..........
MARKETS; Sea Island Cotton-Seed. 811 have at present. If England had the Nothing has so handicapped the publication from time to time ; meanwhile -
The Many Uses of Peat Colonies Followingthe
Birds....... ....;............ .... .... 812 I, half of South America to-day, or the press of this State which has been we advise all our readers who
Below the Line of Injurious Frosts; Report whole of it, for that matter, and wipedout disposed to work for more favorable contemplate the culture of the"weed to
i "on Tobacco ........... .......... .....:.... 813 every little pocket republic of the transportation rates, in the interest of send at once to Director Clute, Lake
Oranges at Bay Biscayne; Questions for continent, it would be a direct gain to the producer, as the reputation of the City, Fla., and procure a copy for

Stocks Apiarists...;. ..Early.... ...Varieties on.....Sweet...... 814 the cause of good government and Florida Press'Association. It has, in careful study.
.-.-. civilization. Every square mile of the eyes of the transportation mana- -' ..-
It seems that the Halifax River region -
which has heretofore been celebrated savagery or of the domain of half-bar- gers, simply nullified and made con The outlook for oranges in Hills-
,
only as a health and pleasure barous governments which is seized temptible all arguments in that direc- boro county may be inferred from the

resort and for fruit-growing, has attained and controlled by the mighty race, to tion. fact that the Florida Financial Com
the distinction of bringing but- which we are proud to belong redounds It affords us, therefore, genuine pany, which is an organization of
ter to market in "nicely printed pats to the good of the human fam- pleasure to read in a journal so ably English capitalists, is about to put out
of one-half pounds and pounds." We ily. The "tight little island" is full conducted as the Green Cove Spring, forty acres in grove on the West Coast
? chronicle this circumstance with much and running over with energy, and if sentiments like these : immediately, and other tracts from
satisfaction.The they choose to undertake the task of The association let down the gap time to time. Mr. William Morangus,

....... keeping the king's peace in the re- for severe and deserved criticism, all of London, Eng., is the moving spiritin
"Kissimmee Valley" says : gions of semi barbarism, by all means : of which it has received, even to a the enterprise. A shrewd Englishman -
"Mr. John Woodham, of Narcoossee, let them have it and welcome. greater degree than was expected.Still who ''has lately been 'visiting the
has received several camphor trees There is no inherent reason why there are those who hope that West Coast, from Anclote Harbor to

from the Department of Agriculture, this Nation of ours should stand god- there is still an opportunity to bring Disston City, says that the best pay
which he has planted out at his placeas father and guardian to any part of about such a change of conditions that ing investment which a man can now

an experiment. He thinks they will South America any more than over the association may again get on the make in Florida is to buy the groves
grow in this climate and be a paying any part of Asia or Africa. plane of self respect, and therefore demand offered for sale in that section and hold
product. It requires about three years We ourselves wrested this continent the respect of others. them, as most of them are in good
for them to come into bearing." The from the Indians, and by all consid "The object of the press associa- condition and carry more or less fruit.
camphor tree will bear seeds in three erations, human and divine, it was well tion should be ',to promote the inter- Tampa Tribune.

years from planting, under favorable done, barring some of the details. ests of journalism ; to elevate its tone, S...._ i .
circumstances, but this is probably not England has wrested Australia from purify its expressions, enlarge its use- A total of 1,295,000 cigars were
what is'meant. It. will not "bear" the worthless savages who inhabitedit fulness, advance its wisdom and justice, manufactured at Tampa in November,
camphor at all.. until l' iris cut down ; she is doing the same in Africa- extend its influence in the work of true and the shipments aggregated 1,120-C
... .'A'bot're-d .{"l'p'. .:. .,;i...-.,, ,::.\..,.. .0.... ',, .: '. she js doing God ser civilization cultivate l friendly relations *. "
0.& ..... .". ,.. "' .. ... .. !.'\ '!: .1 0" in ajl. ...qfp.whjch'. ? 500 ,
.
; :: : .: :"**;**iT *..*"' I* .' '.*t'*f.M.) t .
:: .rt.= :: ;'; : t' I* W***gt ** *<* .






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1895. THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FBUIT-QROWBR. 811



.. to 2.25. String beans, Florida, per crate, I THE .
',,, Markets: 75c. to 2.60. Squash, Florida white, per

,." crate, 50 to 75o. Tomatoes, Florida, per
---- carrier, 1.50 to 2.50; per crate, 1.00 to 2.25.Business FIRST NATIONAL BANK OF FLORIDA

JACKSONVILLE!, FLA., Dec. 20. --*..... -- ,

,., FRUITS AND PRODUCE. Notioes. f AI SOl '' ,LE.
Corrected by Marx Bros.
quotations. Extra choice 'W.A.TERMELoNs.-The new advertise The Oldest National Bank in the State.
These are average
ment of W. M. Girardeau has the double
lots fetch prices above top quotations, while poor
. lots sell lower. weight of avoirdupois and a judicial
j Grapes,5-lb basket.................. .20 which together incontro CHARTERED, 1874. CHARTER EXTENDED, 1894. :
....... ..;... ..... .4.50105.00 backing are
Oranges, Florida.
Messina,box....... ........ 3.00 vertible. Such melons are a better ar By conservative, yet liberal methods, this bank has achieved. the highest reputation for solidity. ..
Apples Lemons bbl .............. ............ .. 3.50 gument with the "Octopus" railroads strength and ability to meet all legitimate demands.
and sell and domestic the favorable own
most terms drawing
We buy foreign exchange on our
English Peas bu..... .___......... 1.25 than all the learning of the interstate
...... ...... ..... drafts on all parts of the world.
I
Peas, Clay, bushel .25It
commission. We invite a visit or correspondence, looking toward business relations, assuring. that your
you
Whippoorwill Of................ 1.35 commerce ,
Lady.............................. 2.00 CHERRY PLUMS.-It is doubtful if our favors shall at all times receive intelligent and careful attention
Blackeye...... .i................ 1.50 readers appreciate the article which is JAMES M. SCHUMACHER, R. C. COOLEY
Browneye ...... .......:.... ... 1.25 -
Cocoanuts.... .......... .............. 400 modestly presented to their notice on our President. Cashier.Safe .
Peanuts best brand..... ........ ..... 4J4 105 first page by W. L. Orange. From per
Cabbage. N. Y. each ................ .08 sonal observation, for two seasons, we Deposit Boxes For Rent.
Potatoes, New York, bbl...... ........ 1.60
racks ....................... 1.25 can state that this fruit is an excellent
Onions, bbl ............. .... ....... 2.00 article for cooking. It is ranked by the
sacks. ......... .... 1.75 housewife fully equal to the Northern CHOICE: : A. T: TOf :1 "
E Cgs------n. .23 cherry

VEGETABLES AND POULTRY. .

Corrected by Davis & Robinson. Sea Island Cotton-Seed. Florida Grown Orange Trees

Yellow Yams bush. ........ .......... .35 to .40 Messrs. H. F. Dutton & Co. of
Sweet,Potatoes, ............... ........ .30 ,
Hubbard squash, bbl.. ................ 1.50 Gainesville, Fla., issue a circular, from
I.ettucedoz....... .... ................ .15 to .30 which :FOR.: S.A.LE.:
Celery .:... .. .......... .... ....-- .35 to .50 we quote :
Eggplants bbl....................... 1.50 to 2.00
Tomatoes, crates ...................,..2.00 to 2 50 To the Planters and Merchants Grape Fruit, Lemon and Seedless Grape Fruit.
Sweet Pepper, bu .....................1.5010200 of Florida and Georgia:
Green Beans crate...... ,......... ...1.50 to 2.00 stock in Florida that not the freeze. Buds from to 6 feet
All trees injured
.. Peas, crate................ .... 1.50 to 2.00 We feel compelled once more to call grown on was by 3
Turnips, bunch.....,.... ...... ... ... .03 to .06 the attention of the planters to the following straight and well grown. Also choice Abbaka and Golden Queen Pineapple suckers, 15 to 20 inches.
Pumpkins, each... ................... .05 to .10 facts: Satisfaction guaranteed. Correspondence solicited, or call on
Kersnaws, each.... ........ ........ 05 to .10
Parsley,per doz. bunches ............ 20 to .35; First. It is a well-known fact that Sea GEO. WRIGHT
Green onions,per doz. bunches....... .15 to .25; Island cotton planted in these States will ;
Pepper hot bushel,................... i.ooto 1.50 deteriorate when the best FLA.
Sage well cured, Ib..................... .25 gradually even ORLANDO
Hens......*..'.._.._..*:....-n....... .30 to .35 care is taken in selecting the seed for
Roosters..._...._.........-..,_. .25; planting, so that in a few years the cotton
Broilers........-............... .' ..... .15 to .25; becomes almost worthless. New seed HEADQUARTERS FOR HIGH GRADE
......__.
Turkeys, pound,gross. .10
Ducks....per.......-........-. ........... .25 to .35: should be imported from the Sea Islandsat
Geese .. .._..........,........... 35 to 40 least every two years.
New Beets per.100.................. ...... .50 to 1.00 ,Second. On account of the low prices, GARDEN AND FIELD SEEDS
Water Cress, per doz. bunches ... 30 to .50
Cauliflower doz.................. .... i.ooto 1.50 we have been experimenting year after
Leeks per doz bunches.... .. ......... .25; year, until we have shortened up the --
Radishes per doz.................... .15; length of fibre to a little over 1J inches,
Cucumbers crate..... ............... 2.50104.00 >K3*Farmers and Truckers are requested to send for my price-list of Field and Garden Seed
New Potatoes per barrel... ...... 3.50105.00 producing a cotton very unsatisfactory to 1,000 bushels Texas Red Rust-proof Oats 75 cents per bushel; Alfalfa or Lucerne, 25 cents per
Spinach, per bushel ........... ...... .75 to 1.00 the manufacturer. pound; Rescue Grass, 30 cents per pound.
} Cabbage Florida .... ...... .......... .05t08> Third.. Unless we produce a better, !
. .Wild Ducks ..;....... ,:i. ......' .... .15 to .35;
1; Rabbits..... .... ...................... .10 grade of cotton in the future we will place P. F. WILSON SEEDSMAN
Squirrels quarrels..i.. .... ... .08 to .10 ourselves even more than ever in compe- ,
Quail ........... .......... .......... .10 tion with foreign cottons, imported as ,
I Doves............. .,........... ...... .05 to .06! substitutes-Egyptian, Brazilian, Fiji Islands GAINESVILLE. FLORIDA.

PSI and South Sea Islands, off the coastof
New York Markets. Peru. These cottons are coming to
.
market each year with much better pre-

_ Oranges.A paration, finer staple, and longer and
! more even length of fibre., SEED POTATOES.
California lots have arrived
few 'more
Fourth. We would, by all means, earn-
; some of the Navels are too green estly advise the planters of Georgia and
I
.' to exceed 4.00 to 4.50, but fancy sweet Florida to plant the best grades of cotton

;. and well colored still reach 5.00. Budded this coming season-seed that will produce
fruit commands 3.75 and seedlings go at cotton that will grade choice both
a ,
r", 3.25 ported to:3.50.transit.A number The light of receipts cars are from re in If preparation inches. staple,.and length of fibre Prepare Now FOR Your Spring Crop.

Florida have been of irregular quality After visiting the European and Amer-

and value. Several cars in since Wednes- ican within the last few months,
river section have had spinners of Irish Potatoes is now on hand;'and
day from Manatee and talking the situation over with themas Our stock of choice selected seed stock
'
some sales up to 5.00 to 5.50 for brights to their wants, etc., we feel satisfied ready for delivery. BF" Buy this month and get the best. .
and 4.00 to 4.50 for russet, but few of the there will be a largely increased demandfor
arrivals have been saleable at the outside the better grades of cotton. They I that the common stock of potatoes sold by local mer-
desirable often the culls of the Maine and Nova Scotia crops,
and less goods range
figure fruit surely give us encouragement to believeif SOME S PEOPLE L ghlnk to the growers as seed stock will produce as good crops
down to 3.50 to 4.00. Grape very we can place this class of cotton on the seed stock. Plain common sense should teach them
scarce and high ; 6.00 readily reached for market the coming season in large quan- better. You can no more get a first-class potato crop from
fine fruit, and a few sales of extra fancy tities, we can anticipate a fair price for such poor mixed stock than you can get pure-blooded Jersey calf from a scrub, cow.
have been made even higher. We hear
same-much more in proportion as per
of sales of small lots of fancy tangerinesas grade than in the past. Merchants and

high:: as 10.00 per box. planters should at once commence to look Is the best and earliest potato for Southern planters that

Celery in liberal supply from this State up the matter of planting seed for the First I t Laurelfl I we hive your ever FIRST feen. One LAUREL of our in customers the lead says of :all"I early con-

and Michigan, and moderate quantities coming season. : It is a strong grower, of fine table quality, and
art arriving from California; demand is There are quite a number of cotton factors . . . . the hills are full of them."
active, and fancy large sells promptly at in Charleston and Savannah who takean

full prices. The recent cold weather South interest in the seed question, and keepa

has cut off shipments from all points except fall supply of selected seed on hand. FOR DECEMBER AND JANUARY:
PRICES
Florida, and receipts from there have We have made the subject of importedseed

, been materially reduced. our study for years, and annually VARIETY. PECK. BUSHEL. BARREL. TEN-BARREL LOTS

Cauliflowers, prime to fancy, per barrel import a large quantity of the best.select- FirstI.aurel...... ...... ............ ......... ......... 60 1.75 4.00 3.75
." 3.50 to 4.50; poor to good, 1.00 to 3.00. ed planting seed direct from the islands, Early Sunrise ...... ...... ...... ...u............. .50 1.75 4.00 .... ,

I Cabbages, Jersey and Long Island, per off the coast of South Carolina. We are I Beauty of Hebron ...... .... .... .... .,.... ......... 50 1.75 3.75 3.50

I hundred, 2.50 to 3.75; State,per hundred, receiving seed from the islands every few : EarlyRose...... .................. ...... .... ........ .50 1.75 3.75 3.50 .

i 2.00'to 3.00. Celery, Western fancy, per days. Early Puritan..... ....,...... ...... ............... 60 1.75 4.00 ......

: dozen stalks 60 to 75c.; California No. 1, Dakota Red ...... .....,...... ................. ..... .50 1.75 3.75 3.59 .
75 to 85c.; No. 2, 40 to OOc. Cucumbers, Rural New Yorker No. 2..60 1.75 4.00 3.754r1
I' Florida crate 1.00 to 3.00. Egg-plants, US. We sell roar Poultry Veals, ." .
, ,
,per Fruits and all produce at highest of December and will be mailed to a 1our
balfI will be ready the latter part
I Florida, per barrel, 1.00 to 3.00; per TRY prices. DAILY RETURNS. For -Our Annual Catalogue
I barrel box, 75c. to 1.50. Lettuce, New Btenclli prices and references write old customers, and to anyone who applies, FREE.
I Orleans{:, 5.00 to 7.00; Florida, per half- ..... 11'0 I. BiQE & SONS. 183: Reade Bl, N.Y.

barrel basket, 2,00 to 3.50. Onions,Orange COUGHS AND HOARSENESS. The irritation HASTINGS & CO. Seedsmen
G.
that Induces coughing is immediately H.
.county white, per barrel, 1.00 to 1.50. ,
Okra, Florida, per carrier crate, 3.00 to relieved by using .Brown/ Bronchial

4 00 Green peas, Florida, per orate, 1.00 Troches" A simple and safe remedy. INTERLACHEN, FLA.






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...... _. ., _..
I i ___ "_'___ '_ _" ____.___.. ---- -- -. ----- ---._. -- .':-'- ""= _...-- .. .. ..

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&12' THE FLORIDA, FABMEB AND FBTJIT-GBOWEB. .. ... ._._ .M DECEMBEB:21_,:. '_'.:
-- --
.
The Many Uses of Peat. bleached to snowy whiteness, and will scarcely reaching half thatjof: .ordinary their undertaking, and ;by: the people

The abundance of peat, in Florida' dye any color. In appearance, the cotton wadding, and its absorbent' whom they induce to join them, the

wi\Vjjive': interest to following from finer:makes are quite equal to the best I principle is much more considerable I benefits to the individuals and 'to the

the Washington correspondence of the tweeds, and closely resemble the than that of other textile materials. State will be incalculable. ,

camel's .hair,cloth. This does take
Times-Union : absorption not place at
The capacity of the State ,for :
A movement which is likely to be The advantages of peat litter as once, but proceeds slowly, and wi.IlI ductiveness demonstrated pro-last

inaugurated! in Congress soon for the compared with other materials for absorb nine times its own weight of If facilities was are made to

enlargement of. ,the' old canal through stable bedding are very notable. The moisture. So valuable is its use for year.these products to market at minimumcost get

the" great Dismal' Swamp of Virginia, absorbing power of moss peat is saidto dressing wounds that the,French Gov- and those 'facilities are 'made

lends .interest to some information be three times that of .straw, and ernment ,has adopted its use in the I known to intending settlers, the increased -

which i .the I? par.tment.o'f.. State h srece'ntly consequently it must afford a dryer French army. business of the railways ,would
received regarding the use,of bed; but it does not follow that it can .

peat in Europe. ,Those who have remain; in the stall three times as longas Colonies' Following the Birds. test that their sometimes capacity.almost We reaches have hope a glim-,

studied this question believe that the straw, seeing that it retains all the '
faith that the
The of colonies south- mering railway companies -
movement I
urine most of 'which in the case of
Dismal l' and other sections of ,
Swamp : ward and Florida the are sagacious enough to speedily i
straw into the drains. In particularly to ,
lands the southeasterncoast runs away
the Ip'w along
!_ is bring about such a condition of af. I
France it 'is said that present season something phenom
contain enormous quantities of usage proves '
peat, which can be_ used. as it is in that only about half as much moss i enal. Notwithstaning' the disaster' to fairs.We I
i other parts of the world. The many litter required as straw, and that the the orange groves last winter the urge all intending settlers;. not i

objects to"which this article.is,successfully price is, as a rule, about half that of calamity is being followed, as the one to anticipate marvelous results from' '

f 'put in ,other partsof, ,the,, world, straw, so that there is an economy of of '86, by largely increased immigration Florida (farming.and horticulture. We

is ,surprising. ,Consul Chancellor of 50 per cent in using the former.THE settlers preferring to take the believe average results will come from
chance of a destructive freeze once well directed efforts. with all the ;advantages -
Havre, writing to the State Depart- SAVING IS GREAT.
in dozen to blizzards and and the
a years that a mild climate
ment on this subject, says : The application The magnitude of the saving effectedby
drouths and the con- health that contented outdoorlife
good
.every year
of the substance seems to be litter in stables
"; the ,use of the peat
sumption of six months' productionsin is calculated to promote. _
fuel
endless. It makes a
practically has been shown by eminent French '
and housed the The Ruralist advises
keeping warm everybody to
as,'black and ,as ;heavy as coal.and it agricultural chemist, who estimated the ,
remainder of the year.It see before they buy, and it might be
furnishes a snowy paper of superior annual loss in France
to agriculture ,
will take these well several ,before,
new comers some to see 'places they
texture and toughness ; it forms a per- carelessness in the
through allowing time ,to unlearn the old and learn the make their selection.-Fla. Ruralist.
fect litter (or the stable, and suppliesa liquid manure to flow away from the
new methods of farming, and to .....
-:
.fabric 1 which ,be worn by a
) may manure heap and evaporate, to amount change the production of cereals to
duchess. to over $50,000,000. The economic
those of a sub-tropical climate, and
The manifold purposes to which importance of the increased use of
thinner soil
such as are adapted to a ;
moss peat can be put were first discovered moss litter, from the view of manure, but ''if they will be contented with QUICK WORK
but the is incalculable. It is,found that ,
.by German investigators, peat, small and intensive cultivation
areas ,
industry is now extending to other while slightly poorer in potash, lime In selliDg and paying for Fruits and Veg-
is motto.
and have the courage necessary to etables shipped to us our WIt
I'I', countries, and while its use as an article and phosphoric acid, is' very much GIVE GOODS SENT U* BY GROWERS
success required in the East or North- FIRST PLACE BECAUSE WE NEVER
,;; of commerce has steadily increased, richer in nitrogen than straw manure. west they will succeed.To BUY OURSELVESThey are protectedby
attention until is "said be best our 40 years experience without defaulting -
very little recently, Peat litter also to the fruits and win-
grow sub-tropical > n dollar Enquire as to our 'standing
II! seems to have been directed to the possible material for use in fowl houses, ter vegetables they will have to locate > and financial stability which any bank or

subject .outside of Germany. America on account of its deodorizing qualitiesand not farther north ,than the latitude of >>-verify merchants-then having try us.mercantile-WE BELIEVE reports OUR can
' doubt inexhaustible its of insects. It METHOD WILL SATISFY YOU. Send
: no possesses power banishing
Palatka but for farm- .
; dairy or general your name for our quotations. Stencil and
::1} wealth, in peat.not yet discovered, but is used in the great military pigeon. ing locations north of that latitude cards free.:: 'Letters piomptly-answered': .
which will some day open up an ex. houses in Paris, which contain more
.
will be found more practicable.The
I tensive field for the employment of than five hundred pigeons. Nothingis new settler will find in Florida FRENCH & CO.,

i capital.and labor. The following are wasted in the process of manufac- bargains in ready-made homes and 116 Warren St,, New York. .
: some of the many uses that have turing the various articles from peat. damaged that in threeor
ESTABLISHED
orange groves 1855.
t.:: lately been found for this valuable ar. Even the dust given off is collectedand four will be restored. The

tide : As litter.for stables and subse- forms the most effective disinfectant owners years haying invested their all in I I

quently for manure; as powder for yet discovered for the dry closet
), the production of the grove have not
disinfecting purposes for, use. in connection system, so much used on the conti- the means to again bring them into Bradley Redfleld. Eugene B. Redfield.
with removal and thenas Unlike the of lime ESTABLISHED 1871.
1 sewage, nent. preparations ,
bearing, and they will sell out at an
"manure ; also for ,packing perish and carbolic acid, peat powder in destroying -I immense sacrifice. REDFIELD& SON,
1 ble.objects. and, for various industrialuses one bad smell does not leave
Villages, where schools, churches, Commission MerchantsAND !
; for lining cold-storage rooms, another in its place. The deodorizingpower stores, post and telegraph offices are

" fCtp.j ;and .for miscellaneous. articles, of, peat mull l i is beyond question, already established and homes readyfor I
,
such as embossed panels? imitating and as it is now being generally usedin I
{ .occupancy by the new comer, Fruit Auctioneers
ebony, table and piano legs, gun- dry closets over large 'areas of without pioneering work, and ,
,stocks inkstands and other it demands careful any 141 Dock Street,' Pat I
. :numerous ,Europe, certainly well adapted to those who wish win- Philadelphia
:articles; as' wool, produced by a patented trial and consideration in the United We handle all kinds of Fruits and Vegetables,
ter homes in mild climate and who
a
in either at private sale (which.has heretofore been
from the fibers found
. : ,process States. have incomes to partially support our custom) or by the auction system (recently
, the peat. added to our business) as you may desire.
, FINE FOR PACKING.As them, are ready to receive them.
I FOR HYGIENIC MATERIALS. a packing material peat has Home seekers of this class will find I

J This is used for the production of a come into very general use, and it is these villages all along lines of rail- FOR RENT. I

variety of hygienic materials, among said to be used with excellent results way running through Florida, and THE ALGONQUIN HOTEL, I

,surgical} and veterinary dressing, hygienic for packing and preserving perishable those who are wise will search out At St. Augustine. I

flannel and dressed goods, goods, such as fruits, vegetables, but- the most desirable and most healthy Completely furnished. Apply to G. S. Meeerve,
J rugs and a number of minor articles. ter, eggs, etc. One experiment made locations. :Many of these places have St.Augustine. Fla. .

The fiber is also used in the manufacture with fish caught in the Adriatic and already social advantages of a high FOR SALE.: j

of paper. Peat fiber, asa sent a distance, 500 miles was very order.
THE OCEAN VIEW ,HOTEL
textile, constitutes the latest and successful. Another.shipment arrivedat Others are forming colonies in un- ,

most important application, not onlyon its destination eighteen days after it settled portions of the State, where At St. Augustine.

account of the value of the mate- was ,sent, and was found to be in perfect they will take up the virgin forest lands, Rare Completely Bargain'Apply furnished.to Capt.Right W.S.on M.the BukhamSt. Bay.

rials produced, but because: they are. .condition. A case is cited where make their own towns, build their Augustine or'to I

produced from a portion of the moss pears were preserved absolutely sound own churches and schoolhouses and .CHAPIN FARM AGENCY,

peat which formerly was absolutely and fresh more than six months in peat make their own society. Some of 3-23-tf 'Btu .Augustine and Boston.
wasted. When the fiber is, extracted, mull. An instance is also cited wherea these are backed by large capital and

the moss litter is not only improvedas quarter of raw pork was preserved in engineered by holders of ,hundreds of

a litter, but gains in value for sub peat for two years, and potatoes have thousands of acres, who will spend FRUIT T JiJ2I3 i .

sequent use as manure ; and, in addition i- been perfectly preserved for eight possibly millions of dollars, in building Foa

,, a material} is ,saved which be- months in the same way. It is prob. railways,. hotels, steamboats, public SOUTHERN ORCHARDS.

comes'of: great.value when worked. up able that peat wool is destined to playan buildings, etc., and tens ,of thousandsof Write for Catalogue and price list.... .

by the patented process into the articles important part in army and veterinary dollars in ,advertising the new enterprise. JENNINGS' NURSERY CO.,

mentioned. This 'fiber can be surgery. Its cost is very low, If these promoters stay by Thonmsville, Oa.ai .




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1895. THE FLORIDA FARMER AND, FRUIT-GROWER. 813

j
., ". -.". .._ ,
"Below the Line of Injurious drought rather than the fertilizers con-
Frosts." trolled the quality of the crop. .
It is fact that the fermented
a striking -
Kdltor,Farmer and Prutt-Grower:
tobacco of 1893 from 'almost all '
I have been hearing this saying fora the plats had a fair crop to very good burning v Exhausted Soils:

number of years. At'first. it was said quality. *

that Orange county was below this "The defects of the experimental crop Y are made to produce larger and better crops \by the '
famous "line." Now they say that of 1893, common'to the tobacco of nearlyall >

Manatee and Peace river are below. the plats, and therefore attributed to |) use of Fertilizers rich in Potash.Write .
conditions weather, are wholly in thetexture'
It,seems to me that if one is to be cer- and'color.' for our, "Farmers'Guide," a I 42-page.it1ustrated'book. It

tain of ,having, and owning, an orange In addition to the expert's test, the is brim full,of useful,.information.for farmers. It will be sent free, a twill .

grove that will never be injured by fire holding capacity of each lot was make and save you money. Address,
cold! weather he should go to some of
tested in the Station and
laboratory i '
the islands of the Caribbean sea. I the results tabulated. I I GERMAN'KALI WORKS, 93 Nassau Street,New York.

am 'certain that he could find r> J
pretty _
The fire-holding capacity of all the
.
in Florida and
no such place hardly lots was increased by fermentation,
on'the highlands of Cuba. though not by any means equally in all JOHN L. MARVIN,
But Manatee is below this cases. President..
suppose H. T. BAYA, THOS.
W. CONRAD,
line. How,much more will John Smith, "The average fire-holding capacity be- Cashier. Assistant Cashier.

of Manatee, get (for 500 boxes ol fermentation fore fermentation, eighteen was nine seconds.seconds* *;*after CAPITAL $100,000., '

oranges than I will ten miles from "A more accurate method of determin-

Jacksonville? He will always pay,ten ing the fire-holding capacity is desirable -i THE MERCHANTS'; NATIONAL BANK .

to twenty cents per box more'freight, ,

and his,oranges will go into the north- "There is substantial agreement be JACKSONVILLE FLORIDA .
? ,
, tween the expert on the fire-holding ,
markets in condition being
i ern poorer capacity of the different lots and the solieits
Respectfully your Deposits, Collections end Geneva
the'road.. I sell ;
can
longer on my
i results of the laboratory tests on this
i creased oranges, drops and culls at a i p.oint. Banking' -: Business.CORRESPONDENCE '

, fair price in Jacksonville. What will "Tendency to 'coal" when wrappedon
INVITED.
:
i, his be worth ? a cigar is not apparently associated ,
with deficiency in fire-holding, capac-. DIRECYl'ORi "
Once in sixty years my trees are "
i frozen to the ground and I thus ity. John L. Marvin A. B. Campbell Chas."Mar.vln "
get The yield of fermented wrappers H. T. Baya, T. W. Roby, Judge'R.:B..,Archibald,
rid' of all the scales white flies and .
; averaged 778 pounds with castor Judge E. M. ,Randall. C. B. Rogers W. M. Davidson;
other injurious insects without trouble Or H. Robinson. John B; Ha 1rld8': .
and 682 pounds with cotton-
pomace
and without In two I -
expense. years
seed meal containing amountsof
equal
have again. Some of ,neigh-
oranges my nitrogen. When linseed meal was SAVINGS AND
bors denied this last spring. They TRUST BANK!
used the yield of was
don't do it now. My neighbor, G. L. wrappers greater
and the of the better
quality product OF F hORIDA
Acosta, Esq., had trees seventy five ,
than with cotton-seed meal castor
or
JACKSONVILLE. '
years old.a few years ago. They died -

from;:a complication: of distempers. tities pomace of nitrogen."The holding. corresponding quan- CAPITAL, '$5
,". It impossible that any freeze can KOBINSON, President. W. J. HAHKISHEIMEK :R'Vlc -'PieVlI. ',
! injure the roots of an orange tree in heaviest applications, 3,000, lbs. \ RAWL.INSON: Cashier,
this vicinity or well drained "tree of cotton-seedmeal, and 4,520 lbs. of castor -

," While it would take little pomace per acre, gave the best qual- .
land. a ity of leaf as well as the largest yield." DIRECTORS':, :

.less to insure my Manatee friend IN 1894. ROBINSON, J. HIIDBBRANDr, P. McMURRAYi;
against injurious frost it would certainly W. J. HARKISHEIMER, PHILIP WAITKRf'C. ; "R; ,It. LIGGETT; ,
SYNOPSIS.-Castor pomace, cotton-seed J. A. HENDERSON, C. ROBERTSON, W.-B. OWEN.'
take insure his
more to grove meal, linseed meal, tobacco stems, nitrateof Collections made on all points of Florida,and Remitted for on day of Pay
against injury from the West India soda, fish cotton-hull ashes, dou-
dry ment. .Active and Savings Accounts Solicited. Interest Paid oh'"
.gales.. ble sulphate of potash and magnesia, car-
The fact is our South Florida friends bonate of potash, high grade sulphate of

in an eminent, degree the emi. potash, double carbonate of potash and Savings.ExCHANGE1
possess
wood ashes and several brands ;
This defined, I magnesia, FLORIDA
as
grating faculty. was I
of fertilizers, were tested various com-
the ,faculty that "enables a man to go binations. Castor pomace and cottonseedmeal .

off into the wilderness and endure a afforded practically the same yield.Of ,
An Incorporated Home Association of Orange Growers for
'
miserable' existence for ,the benfit of the potash salts double sulphate of pot best advantage.-AUTHORIZED CAPITAL marketing, $300.000.Florida Fruit' .to the
ash and magnesia gave the best results. BOX MATERIAL-The Exchange is fully prepared. to supply boxes' and paper"on
posterity. order. Write for price. list and terms.
:, I;: am taking a rest this winter from This is the continuation of an experiment -:OFFICERS :-
the of getting box material, or- reported in ''the Annual Re- GEO. R. FAIRBANKS, President. D. GREENLEAF Vice-President.
worry
.
ALBERT M. IVES Gen'l Mgr. and Treas.M. P. TURNER Secretary., .
ange wraps, freight bills, commissionmen port''of the Station for 1893' (E; S. R.',' DIRECTORS-Geo. it. Fairbanks, Alachua Co.; E. G. Hill. Bradford Co.; Dr, E. E..Pratt
HillsboroCo.; John Fabyan, Lake Co.; Hy Crutcher, Orange (Co.; D, Greenfeaf,' Duvall Co..
and lazy careless help. I can 5, p. 865)). The yields of unfermented J. D. Mead, Duval Co.; A. Brady Brevard Co.t-F.; G.; Sampson, Marion Co. ; C. V. Hillyen
now give better care to my poultry, tobacco are,tabulated and briefly discussed Marion Co.; John M. Bryan, Osceola Co.; W. Stanton, Putnam Co.; :M. Moreman St.
Johns Co.; C. F. A. Bielby, Volusia Co.; Irving Keck, Polk Co.
cattle"and peach orchard than ever a full discussion being post- Address'all correspondence to the Florida Fruit Exchange,Jacksonville, Fla Stencili,
before., When my oranges come poned until after five successive, crops with full packing and shipping instructions furnished application.. .

again next year or the year after, the shall have been raised, cured and fer

buyer, will, hunt me, I will not need to mented. JOHN CLARK, SON., & CO.
'after him. M:. CHESEBRO. ,
run The maximum yield, 2,115 poundsof

Plummers, Fla.Report sorted tobacco, was obtained by Grocers and Commission Merchants
--.f --- -
the use of a mixture of 2,200 pounds :

on' Tobacco. I of Mapes's Tobacco Manure and 600 DEALERS

SYNOPSIS.-The'results of an examination pounds of Mapes's Starter per acre. Grain Wines
of the fermented leaves grown in The maximum yield of wrappers, 'Coal, Hay, Liquors;

1893. The' report of an expert relatingto pounds was obtained by using Tobacco Etc.
1,330 Cigars
the quality of the different Iota is .
given ; also tabulated data on the'flre- either 2,720 pounds of cotton-seed
holding capacity of the different lots and meal and 1,444 pounds cotton-hull J"aotJsoD.'V"'ille, F J orida: .

'a discussion of the effect of fertilizers on ashes or 3,780 pounds of castor pomace

the quality and quantity of tobacco. The and 1,520 pounds of cotton.hull ashes PRICE-LIST OF WHISKIES : .

several lots do not differ greatly in quality The yield of sorted tobaccoon MANONGAIIELARYE............. ........$' 501 CABINET BOURBON.' .86
an unfavorable season producing a per acre. PARKER..... ............ ..... ........... I 75 I MARTIN RYE....,.\;, 3 00 00
in all the samples. these plats was 1,860 pounds. ORANGE VALLEY..... ...... ...... ......400 VIRGINIA GLAD1 .
poor quality Connecticut Station. SPRINGVALLEYBALTIMORE ......... ................. 450 OLD BOURBON.............,.. 4 00
This is a continuation of the work Experiment, CORN ."..'.................. 3 001 KENTUCKY: SOUR MASH....,.....,5,oo oo
I < NORTIICAROI.INACORN... ............. 350 OLD BAKER........ ...... 5 00
on tobacco reported in the Annual J. "W. Hendrix has' sold two thou- CLIFTON ............. 300 MONTROSE VELVET RYE.......-S 6 00
of the Station for
Report 1893. sand boxes of oranges on the tree at JUGS EXTRAS: One gallon 250; two gallon, sac; three gallon, 750 Remit by post-ofee
"It is questionable whether any fair his in Manatee to Phillips money. order, check or registered letter. We cannot ship C. O. D. Remit with order.A ,
county
'conclusions can be drawn as to the;effects grove complete price-list of Groceries, and Wine List, sent free_on"ap, lfcatlon.'
& Fuller, of Tampa, for $2.25 per
,different fertilizers on the quality of
JOHN CLARK
'. tobacco'when: 'seems -probable that the box, realizing $4,500. ,, SONXJQ: ,






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914 THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. DECEMBER 21,.

.
I
\
YAM SEED STOCK, (True). cents
BUNCH 50 I
I r. THE LAKE GEORGE NURSERIES VINES. per or $1.50 per bushel, f. o. b. Candler.B. I
I GRAPE Sutton, Candler. Fla. 12-21-3

I are offering:a fine lot of Budded,Trees for sale,for season of'95 and 96, including a limited supply of Luvest Stock nnriTalled In the ROSES, QUEEN OF FLOWERS. Now is the
World. Small Fruits. Introducer of to plant. Send at once for catalogue.
!, GENUINE BOONE'S' EARLY TREES AND BUDS. new U lied.lre.Jacket. eo.tt Gooseberry"Ios F1ed0flfaN.Y. Choice fruits and flowers. D. I. Pierson, Montlcello .
Florida. 12-21-3
Also Grape Fruit Tardiffa. Magnum Bonum, Mediterranean Sweet, Bessie. Tangerine and .
common Orange, Sanford's Sicily Lemon and Villa Franca Lemon. Grown to stakes. All on Sour CORRESPONDENCE invited with .owners of ..
stocks., Write for prices to Groves who may need the services of a man
w. xv. KA.'WKriisr t9 da sorci9
who has had many years experience in growing
Georgetown, Fla. Florida fruit and other products. Address Far-
mer and Fruit Grower. 12-21-3: -

.
Oranges at Bay Biscayne. nothing as to the truth of the above, WINES FOR SALE. Pure- Florida wines.
,.
.tI(: Sherry,:Claret. Sauterne, etc. Took
but I understand that there are no
Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: DON'T CET MADIf highest awards. Write for Samples and price
honey bees down here; though as for list. Address,J. B. LaMontagne, Winter Park,
In an extract from the Leesburg a Page agent claims our wire Is 50 to 100 per rent Florida. 12-21-3
"Commercial "" in issue that matter there is mighty little of better than used I In any other fence. Make him
quoted your prove It. lie can do It or we will disown him. ORANGE and ROUGH LEMON Seed-
of ,November 30, I notice some state- anything else" down here except "op- PAGE WOVEN WIRE FENCE CO.,Adrian, Mich. SOUR for Sale Clear Water Nursery, Keene,
portunities. H. C. WILES. I Florida. I2.i4-feb i
the ,
ments reflecting upon Bay Biscayne

region for orange-growing, the writer Dade county, Fla. I X L THEM ALL. FOR SALE. Jersey Bull three years old. Full
I $45.00. Finest in State. Also three
.
declaring that the trees in that localityare QUALITY TELLS Berkshire sows, $10 each, Address, M. Renz,
"scrubby;; and that two of them Early Varieties on Sweet Stock. THE BEST Bridgeport, Fla.. 11-23 5

would produce no more fruit than one Editor Farmer and I'ruit-Grower: BRONZE Turkeys, Indian Games Black Lang-
STEEL MILL.
tree in the Leesburg district. Now, Please let me know through your STRONGEST STEEL TOWER. Nolong story few quarts of McNeil Pekin Ducks.Peas at Eggs 81.00 in per season.quart, 50 A

it may be quite true that there are paper which, in your opinion, are the hero. Send for catalogue and prices. cents a pint, postpaid. Mrs. W. H. Mann,
around PHELPS &) BIGELOW WIND MILL CO., r Mannville, Fla. 10-12-12
trees Leesburg
many orange best varieties of oranges to bud on Kalamazoo,Michigan.

considerably larger than the majorityof sweet stock for early bearing. I SEa our prices on improved varieties Pomelo

those at Biscayne Bay; but in justice know there are some varieties that this column. J. W. &F. D. Waite. :

I to the bay, which is just now at- will not'bear as soon on sweetas sour 1831 THE CULTIVATOR 1896AND FOR SALE for cash time or tiade,orange groves,
and timber
lands.
E. RUMLEY, Keuka,
tracting so much attention from all stock, but thought probably there Fla. 3-n-i6t .

parts of the State, it should be under- might be some that would.C. OUNTRY ENPLEMAL FIFTY THOUSAND Grapefruit Seedlings for

stood that, for the most part, the trees A. MILLER. 3# yt ars old, 4 to 5 feet high; will dor-
mant bud to order. Have a few budded to the
there have received practically no care. Fairmount, Fla. THE BEST OF THE seediest grapef,uit. These trees are fine, and
The majority have been planted with. for sale very reasonable indeed, as we expect to
We do not know of any variety AGRICULTURAL WEEKLIES quit the nursery business. Come and see them
out reference to variety, suitability of which is especially early when workedon before buying elsewhere. Bowyer& Stephens,

soil, or knowelge of that tree's require- sweet stock as distinguished from DEVOTED TO Lakeland,Fla. '9-21-10

ments, and, with the exception per- sour. There may be some entitled to Farm Crops and Processes, BLACK MINORCA FOWLS. Three cockerels I
haps of an occasional dose of koon-ti Horticulture and Fruit-Growing, hens and pullets. $t.oo each or I
especial distinction on this account, Live-Stock and Dairying, 75 cents each and take the lot. D. L. Pierson, I
root, have received no fertilizer. (Of Monticello, Fla.
but we cannot name them. Perhapssome While it also includes all minor departments of 12-21-3 '
course I am not referring now to the Rural interest, such the Yard, Ento-
of our subscribers who have had as Poultry FOR SALE Two Leon county farms,480 acres
trees planted with- mology, BeeKeeping, Greenhouse and Grapery, 390 acres. Excellent fo stock raising and
many young orange long experience may be able to give Veterinary Replies Farm Questions and Answers, tobacco growing. W. B. Clarkson,Jacksonville,
in the last two or three years; for valuable information to this Fireside Reading, Domestic Economy,arid a sum Fla. 8-24-tf
enquirer. mary of the News of the Week. Its Market Reports -
these look and for
as thrifty vigorous
p 4 S are unusually complete,and much attention NURSERY TREES AND BUDWOOD
their age as any that can be found is paid to the Prospects of the Crops, as CITRUS Parson Brown. Stark's Seedless,
in :Florida. Judge Hocker sustained the Alachua throwing light upon one of the most importantof Jaffa, Tangerine, King, Tardiff, Grape Fruit,'
anywhere ) all questions-When to Buy and When to Sell.It Villa Franca Lemons and other varieties
county commissioners in their refusal is liberally illustrated,and contains more reading such as Nonpareil, Majorca, St, Michael,;'
Yet, in spite of all these drawbacks, I to grant license to sell liquors to partiesat matter"than ever before. The subscription Malta Blood and Centennial. Address, A. L.
and in spite of the fact that they (those REDUCTION year, but we offer a SPECIAL. Duncan, Manager, Milwaukee Groves and Nur-
Newberry. This victory for the in our series, Dunedin, Fla. V 8>i7tfTALK '
of any,age at all) have been planted temperance people is so unusual we CLUB BATES FOR 1896. "
IS CHEAP but goods and prices tell.
merely.for home use or ornament, and feel like calling special attention to it. Two Subscriptions, in one remittance...$ 4 Get the best of nursery stock at lowest prices I

by men who never made the businessof The devilish whisky traffic is slowlybut Six Subscriptions, ....10 from D.'L. Pierson, Monticello, Fla. 12213ANEW I

orange-growing a study like the Ten Subscriptions, .... :1lJrlrTo
cornered.
surely being Day by. deal on wire netting. Prices cut in
growers of Leesburg, and other partsof day it more odious and the I all NEW subscribers for 1890, paying We pay freight. Write for our lates
grows In advance now, we will send the paper WEEKLY price-list. E. W Amsden,Ormond, Fla. 7-I-tft I
the so-called "orange belt, the coming generations will stamp it out from our receeipt of the remittance to January i, I
trees at Bay Biscayne look well and entirely.-Levy Times-Democrat. 1806, without charge. Specimen copies FREE. IRRIGATED GROVE. 100 acres, 10 years set
Address trees150 in other fruit trees, etc.
thoroughly healthy. Would the orange ->-O-4- LUTHER TUCKER & SON, Publishers, For sale at a sacri1 ce. Address "11," The Palms
trees around Leesburg, under similar The Ocala correspondent of the Lane Park. Lake County, Fla. 27-9111:
ALBANY, JSr. Y.
conditions, have looked so well? "Times-Union" says: "Colonel Sleetof IF ANY ONE who has been benefited by the
of Dr William's Pink Pills will write to
Again, the bay region is one, which, Citra spent the night in Ocala. He THE FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER, they will receive -
WOVEN SIB! FENCEOver information that will be of much value and
on the score of climate, is absolutelysafe says several capitalists from New Or- interest to them.'

for citrus culture, and this is one leans are in Citra, who are offering 5O Styles The best on Earth.aUorChicken

tremendous advantage it possesses in $500 an acre for groves whose growthof --.c5.i Bull tight.strong You can, Pig make from 40 TO MAKE er's HENS Animal V-There Meal. 40 tons is sold nothing in Florida like-
toi'GO' rods day,for from|
common with few other localities in shoots show good development.This \ per Rod. last year. Hundreds of testimonials. For
14to 22c. a
particulars, write E. W. Amsden, Ormond, Fla.
Florida-an advantage which would has wonderfully revived the interest Illustrated KITSELMAN Catalogue ROS.Free, to-13-tfBUDWOOD.Orders
!
outweigh any slight inferiority in pointof and faith those who own ,iRIdgevllle, n lava.SAWMILL. for spring delivery now

size or bearing capacity, even if grove property.. He reported that per cent with order, bal
Dunn had sold of his ance when buds are ordered shipped. Pineapple,
this which is the Henry one
were not :
j proven, $is" per 1,000 King. Parson Brown, Waite's Early
case. Many practical orangeand groves to the capitalists." Prolific. $10-per :ooo. Magnum Bonum, Jaffa,
FARMER'S I works successfully Tangerine, Ruby Blood,St.Michael Blood, Hart's
other fruit-growers have visited this with 4 h. p., also Tardiff, Navel, Sanford's Mediterranean, $7 per .
Grinding Mills per i.ooo. Walters'. Josselyn, Triumph. Auran-
of the State the last few
part during and Water Wheels.
tium Pomelo Marsh Seedless
$8 per 1,000. $20
j months, and with hardly an exception, Negroes in Duval county are not DeLoach Mill Mfg. Co.. per iooo. Small orders solicited at reasonablerats.
manifesting the same interest in edu- June buds for sale. White Fly not knownin
so far as I have heard, have expressed 323 Hlffhland/Ave., Atlanta, Qa. this section. J. W. & F. D. Waite, Belleview,
themselves well satisfied with the outlook cational matters that they manifesteda Fla. 10-26-6.

for orange-culture on Bay Bis few years ago. There has been a OENT-A- WORD" COLUMN.RATES. LOOK LOOK! $1,25 per acre will buy 161 acres
F. P. W. decided falling off in the enrollmentof 1 rst class pine land in sec. 4, t 16 I, r 23
cayne. east. Well timbered title perfect. Also 8 ooo
Bay Biscayne, Dec. 8, 1895. negro pupils in the county schools .-Twenty words, name and address, one year old Parson Brown Orange, Carney
Lemon and Fruit buds Write for
the last five Grape prices.
during Superintendent week, cents three weeks
years. one cents. Nothing
25 ; So M. &;J H. Turnley, Excelsior Nurseries, Lake
of Schools Joel D. Mead says taken for less than 25 cents. Weir, Fla. 11-2-9

Questions Apiarists. that five years ago there were many Advertisements for this column MUST be pre

Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: more pupils in the schools than paid. BUDDING WOOD for sale of all leading vari
negro Send no stamps larger than two cents. orange, lemon .and grape fruit. Five

i Would like to have copy of the there were white children. He says Initials and figures count as one word. dollars arrival per guaranteed.thousand, Gulick delivered Bros.oy, mail.Riverside Safe,

issue of October 19th, mine failed to the negro children attend irregularly, California, Formerly of Mt. Dora, Fla. 11-9-4

arrive, and I am interested in the articles that they are not ambitious and seem FOR SALE.. Pair of young peafowl, cock and PINEAPPLE PLANTS dozen
Price
fio. Address Postoffice box 7, CHOICE per or
on honey culture. It is said to lack sustained effort and continuityof DeLand Fla. 12-21-3 Large seedling orange trees and

down here that one cannot keep bees purpose. The parents do not seem only Kieffcr 25 pears cents.only Dwarf$2 bamboos per too., Giant 10 e. Caladium Bamboos

in this section because the horse to realize the importance of educationand SATSUMA ORANGE, Plums,TRUES.Pecans, Pears Few ,yet Roses left,, and each.Lilly Roses.bulbs Palms only, etc.$7.50, almost per barrel given 5 cents

guards,kill bees as well as flies. I've allow their children to remain etc. Trlfollata pierson Orange and Mariana Plum stocks. Camphor seed, grandest of shade trees 10 cents
cheap. D. L. Summit Nurseries, Monticelfo
package. Robert G. ,Bldwell, Orlando, Florida, '
seen bumble bees here, but know' home for the most trivial reasons. Fla. 12-21-3: Box 147. 11"9.37P






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THE FLORIDA FARMER AND ''FRUIT-QROWER. -'" : -816"

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I I II

SAVANNAH LINEi The Clyde Steamship Co.

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() NEW YORK, BOSTON AND PHILADELPHIA,
NEW YORK, CHARLESTON AND n.DIIIDIIdIIES.

48 to 55 hours between Savannah, New York and Philadelphia, and

65 to 70 hours between Savannah and Boston. The magnificent Steamships of this Line are appointed -

to sail as follows, calling at Charleston, S. C.,

OCEAN STEAMSHIP COMPANY. both ways : '

(STANDARD TIME.)
From New York. From Jacksonville, .
.
(Pier 29. E. R.) STEAMER Florida.
G. .SORREL: : Manager. Monday. Dec. 2, at 3 pm.......... "SEMINOIE"...... .......Sunday, Dec. 8, at 9.ro a m
Wednesday' 4, at3p m ... .....;;;4COMANCHE".*.... ........Tuesday, "Ioat n.ooam
Friday, 6, at 3 p m...;........"CHEROKEE"; ...... ....Thursday, 12, at ioopm:
Monday atapru ............"IROQUOIS"...... ........Sunday, :" 15, at 4:00: am
Wednesday, 11, at 3 pin ...... .... "ALGONQUIN"........... Tuesday, 17 at 5:00: a m
.
Friday 13 at 3 pm. ..,... ......"SEMINOLE"...... .... Thursday, 19; at 6 00 a m
i Monday 16, at 3 p m............"COMANCHK"'* ........ ....Sunday. 22, at 9.00 a ra
Wednesday, 18, at 3 pm..........."CHEROKEE"........ .. .Tuesday, 24, at 10:00: a m
.. Friday, 20, at 3 pm....... .... "IROQUOIS" ............ Thursday, 26, at 12:00: n'n ,.
Monday, !I 23, atspm.......... .. uALGONQUIN".Sunday, 29, at ioopm
Wednesday, 25, at 3 p m............. "SEMINOLE"..;...........Tuesday. 31, at 4:00am:
Friday, 27,at 3 p m...... ......"COM ANCHE"*..... ......Thursday, Jan. 2, at 5:00am
Monday, 30.at3pm..CHEROKEE.Sunday; : s.at 8ooam;

New. ,
.

Philadelphia, Charleston and Jacksonville Line.For .
Pat 0aQ8 Rate. S
the present and until further notice, Steamer "YEMASSEE"\ is intended to

Between Jacksonville and New York: First-class $25.00; Intermediate, $19.00; Excursion, {43.30; sail from PHILADFLPHIA for CHARLESTON, Wednesdays, and from
*-., Steerage,$12.50. CHARLESTON for PHILADELPHIA, Sundays. Close connection made at
Jacksonville and Boston or Philadelphia: Cabin $27.00; Intermediate 21.00 Excursion $47.30 ; Charleston with Clyde Florida Steamers, for business to and from Jacksonville.
., Steerage, $14.23. The magnificent Steamships of this Company are appointed to sail as follows: all Florida points. -Also,,Philadelphia and interior points via Philadelphia.

FROM SAVANNAH TO NEW YORK. -

o (Central or goO Meridian Time.) S .l JOU: : TS :RI"V'ER' : : i r iE i.

.City of Birmingham ......... .. ... ... ............... -............ Sunday, Dec. i, 4.ooa. m.Nacooehee. .
.......... ..... .... .:..'.... ........ .................. .....Tuesday, Dec, 3, 6.00p.m.
Kansas City ... .. ................ .... ...............................Friday, Dec. 6. S 00 a. m. For Sanford, Enterprise and Intermediate Points on
City of Augusta ... .. .. .... .... .... .... .... .. ..;.. ........ ...Sunday, Dec. 8, a.m.
City of Birmingham ............... ...... ............ ....... ....... Tuesday, Dec. 10,' 12.00 noon the St. Johns River. 0 .
Nacoochee ............. ..... ..,... .................. ... ...... ........ Friday, Dec. 13. soop.m.
; Kansas City ... ..... .................... ........ .... ...... ...........Sunday, Dec. 15, 5.00a.m.
I City of Augusta .... ............ ............ ... ..... ....... ......Tuesday, Dec. 17, 630P. m. The Elegant Iron Side-Wheel Steamer ..
City Birmingham ...... ............-.;.. .....?...... ........... ...Friday, Dec, 20. Sooa.m. "CITY '
I Nacoochee ..:.. ...... ......:.... ........ ;;. ........ .... .... ........ Sunday,Dec. 22, 9.00a.m. OF JACKSONVILLE:
.Ranaaft City.................. .......... ...... ...... ...... .....t. .... Tuesday, Dec. 24 n.ooa.m. Cat.: W. A. SHAW, .
,City of Augusta .......... .......... .... .......... .... ... ...... ...Friday, Dec. 27, 1.30p.m. f
City of Birmingham................. ......... ....... .. .... ..... .Sunday, Dec. 29 3.003. m. Is appointed to sail from Jacksonville Sundays; Tuesdays and Fridays at 3:80: -
. Nacoochee......*...........1.. :......... .............. ....... ..........Tuesday, Dec. 31, 4.30 p, m. p. m., and from Sanford Mondays, Wednesday Iid Saturdays at 9:00: a. m.,
f Enterprise, 9:30: a. m.
; FROM SAVANNAH TO BOSTON. -

I Chattahoochee..... '_...... .. ..........-..,.... ... .... .... .... .......Tuesday, Dec. 3, 5.30p.m. SOUTHBOUND SCHEDULJt; NORTHBOUND.
Gate City........ ...!...o. ................ .... .... ....... .... .. ........ Sunday, Dec. .8, 9.a. m; Read Down. Read Up.r
.1 Tallahassee .... .............................. .:... ...... .. Thursday, Dec. 12, 2.00p.m. Leave 330 p. m ...... ........ ........\.Jacksonville ...........,.. ...... Arrive 330am.
Chattahoochee) ..!......... ..... .... .....e.... ..... ... .... ....;:.. Tuesday Dec. 17, 630p.m. 8.45 P m. .. ............. ....... .. Pa1atka...... .............; .. ...: I.eave' 8oopm.
I, Gate City. .. ....... .... .. ... .... .... .... ........ ........ ........Sunday, Dec,'22, 9.0oa.m. 4. 3.00 a. m..... ._ .Astor.... .. ... ... ............. .1 3.oop.m.
Tallahassee.. ... .... .................. ........ .... ............ ...Thursday, Dec 26, 12.30p.m. .1 4.30 a n1. .................... ........ st. Francis........ ................. u 1.30 p. m.
Chattahoochee ...... ..... ...... ... ........ ....... ....,. ....Tuesday, Dec. 31, 4.30p.m. 5.30 a. m. ............ ..... .... ..... Beresford .... ........:......... ..... I2.oonon
It boo a. m .... .... .... .... .... .... Blue Springs..... ...... ...... ...... I. 11.30a.m.
Arrive 8.30a. m. ........ ........ .... ....Sanford...........;... .........,... ...... gooa9 m.
FROM. SAVANNAH. TO PHILADELPHIA. I 9.25 a. m. ...0.............. .. .... Enterprise........ ....... ... ...... II ..ooa.m.I .
(These Ships do NOT Carry Passengers.) I

City of Macon ... ...........,. .... ..... ......... .................... Monday, Dec. 9, Il.00a. m. General Passenger and Ticket Office, 204 West Bay St., Jacksonville
City of Macon....,..... .... .............. ...... ........ ...........Thursday, Dec. 19 7.30 a. m.
City of Macon ......................................... ...._....;.Sunday, Dec. 29, 3.00 a. m. A..J. COLE'Passenger Agent Bowling Green, New York.M. .
H. CLYDE, Assistant Traffic Manager 5 Bow ing Green New York.D.
D. C. MINI General Freight Agent. 12 ;o. Delaware avenue.Philadelphia, Pa.
THESE PALACE STEAMERS THEO. G. EGER, Traffic Manager 5 Bowling Green New York.
F. M. IRONMONGER, Jr., Florida: Passenger Agent 204 West Bay St., Jacksonville PU.
JOHN L. HOWARD, Florida Freight Agent, foot Hogan Street, Jacksonville Fla. .
Connect at Savannah with Central Railroad of Georgia Savannah Florida 1&| Western Railway, J. A. LESLIE, Superintendent foot Hogan Street Jacksonville. Fla.
Florida Central & Peninsular Railroad.
Through Bills Lading Tickets, and Baggage Checks to all points North and East. See your WM. P. CLYDE & CO., Gen'l Agents,
nearest ticket agent or write for Freight or Passage to
". j. P. BECKWITH, G. F. & P. Agent, New Pier 35 N. R., New York. 12 South Delaware Avenue. Philadelphia. K Bowline Green. New York
R. L. WALKER Agent C. G.ANDERSON Agent
New Pier No.35 North River, New York. City Exchange Building Savannah, Ga. W. A. BOORS ESTABLISHED. 1875.' J. B. BOURS.
.
,- RICHARDSON & BARNARD1Agents, Lewis'.Wharf. Boston
W. L.TAMES, Agent, 13 S.Third ,
W. H. RHETT, Gen'l Agt. C. R. R., 31? Broadway, New York. WILLIAM A. BOURS & CO.
J. D. HASHAGEN, Eastern Agent Sav., Fla. & Western Ry. Co., 261 Broadway N. Y. ,
J. L. ADAMS, Gen'l East. Agt. F. C. & P. R. R., A. DeW. SAMPSON, General: Agent,
Broadway, New York. 306 Washington St., Boston.
W. J. FARREI? Soliciting Agent. W. E. ARNOLD, Gen. Trav. Pass. Agt., Grain Garden Seeds and Fertilizers
WALTER HAWKINS, Fla. Pass. Agent,
New Office 224 West Bay Street, Jacksonville. ,

mm wJ3FJT BAY t9'I', JACKSONVILLE;, It'I+A.


We Handle Only the Best and Most Reliable Seeds. A Comple Stock of
j YOU TT] HEARD

ABOUT Hay, Corn, Oats, Flour Bran, Wheat, Grits, Meal,


"THE Cotton Seed Meal Both Bright and Dark.

LAKE WORTH.

LOWER INDIAN RIVER.HILL8BOROUQH 1 STATE STATE AGBNTS.FOR PURE GROUND BONE
RIVER.

NEW RIVER. OF Tygert-flllen Fertilizer Co. NITRATE SODA "

: BAY BISCAYNE. DADE. ,

I WE1 I I Star Brand Fertilizers, MURIATE OF POTASH,


TROPICAL SUN GUARANTEED ANALYSIS.SULPHATE r POTASH,

THE Orange Tree and ]Vegetable KAINIT, Etc. .

Published at West Palm Beach is the official paper of Dade; is the Recognized Exponent of the Resources FERTILIZER.
Attractions and Advantages of that Wonderful Region-The Mecca of the Home Seeker, These Fertilizers have no superior in the market and a trial will convince.
I the Trucker, the Fruit Grower and the Investor. Rend for Catalogue rrf'fAHO
Published in this territory every Thursday since February 21St, 1887, this publication is recognized -
authority on the country, its products how to grow them and how they pay the
as an
i country's development and its future. In short THE TROPICAL SUN Is the Paper of Dade. : E BOR .A TL.ANT A..
t Exhibit at the great Exposition.< The same
Dou't fall to BOO our splendid
r: ',, An Eight Page All Home Print Weekly Publication class of goods that took the highest awards at the World's Fair. .
CARRIAGES, BUGGIES, WAGONS, BICYCLES,HARNESS, SADDLES, ETC.
4 L Subscribe for it and keep posted on the Coming Section of Florida. at factory prices. As manufacturers we save you 20 to 60 per cent. All
:
Guarantoed. Bend for latest and biggest Catalogue showing
work our .
'Terms-$3 for One Year; $1\ for Six Months. Address Write "A.
"."tii"' new styles. iimprovements and lowest IIrices. It's free. today.tu.a .
.:.\\J't":) : TROPIOAL. SUN, ANCE (AUUTAGtOi. IIANI1FAcrl1BEJUj.CUWU4NATZ. OHIO
aame of IhU paper *a a JOII _
l .:/...v. k West Palm Beach, Via

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816, ... .. '," THE FLORIDA FARMER AND ''FRUIT-GROWER. .. DECEMBER 21,

-...-.- "
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V"T .
: ...1 THE NEW MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS

--......
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11 Mandoline= Banjo"X =Guitar


... .IMilllMIIIII.....................>... INVENTED AND MANUFACTURED IN AMERICA. i.......................................

These are the Instruments of the Age and the latest invention in the Musical{ Art ; nothing choicer or more elegant. I

for Concert and Home. The sweet, delicate clearness of the Mandoline{ breathing through

M the vivacity of the Banjo and Guitar tone.POSITIVELY .

.
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The New Society flusical Instruments. .. .

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MORE. ,", COMPLEE. .. .., LIGHTTER.. MORE CONVENIENT, AND MORE ELEGANT THAN OTHER SIMILAR INSTRUMENTS... ,. .. .... .. .

r See it try it I and will l be pleased. ::
you :.
.. ,. .
\.i."' -". ,: .; ::i .. :. :'-H> e.:., -f :, For sale by dealers_ in Musical 1 I Instruments t t .. .. .-f... .t e. .-:. +..... .

If not obtainable i home, write to headquarters. _
.. of' _. .,. ,

.':FLORIDA, ; FARMER. AND.. FRUIT-GROWER, Agt., #t flUSICAL INSTRUMENTS OF ALL KINDS AT WHOLESALE.. :

.Ja.. :h.0E1'"VJ.11e:: ,. F 1a.. **" .,'
(Copyright, 1893, by A. Pollmann).

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! ( y SOtlavyoncler.. Century .

;I IN .
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Leqdlng'. >> l Dealers I *f b ,1) : THEEEJEECnCCECCEECEC .


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imprisoned in the SYMPHONY-with caeh perforated ribbon it is released and sings. The stops vary the quality of solo and concerted effects illimatably.. The. Grandeur. of a
Requiem, the Bolickingr Barcarolle, or the Vivacity of a Minuet. All rendered with equal ease on'the SYMPHONY. ,- f "? 7'-'
...SBND roil OATALOQDB. INVENTORS AND PATENTEES, "
E'arD:1e: : & F'r-ui1-Gro"'V'V"e.111. Sole Agent for.Florida, JacksonvilleFlar} ,,; ,!
IIIMIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIMIIMIIIIIIIIIIIIII.IIMIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllll.iiiiiiiinim,,
On, dally exhibition, at :
New York City' .. 123 5th.Ave. Tl'Oy.N.Y. .Broadway!' Chicago, Ill W. W. Kimball &Co. .DallasTex. 261 Main St.
,. Boston; Mass." 4B3 Washington; St. Leavenwortbdan.. 521 Delaware St.. Philadelphia, Pa. 1308 Chestnut St. San'''Oiego, Cat. 1050 Fourth St.
.Pittsburar, 'Penu., 433 Wood St. Kansas City, Mo. 206 West Ninth St. San Francisco, Cal, Rooms 12 and 14 Flood! IVl'd Stockton, Cal. .e 255 Main St.
" < Cincinnati O. 23 West Fourth.St.' New,Orleans, La. .. .. 731 Canal St. Washington, D. 0. 925 Pennsylvania Ave. Pittsfteld 'IMa8S. .- .' 75 North St.
" Detroit, 1tlm.or6;Md:' .. 118 East Baltimore St. Portland Me. _. .. 538 Congress St. Newark, l(. J. .. 657 Broad St. Montrea.Cnnada! 2268 St. Catherine St.
Brooklyn" lN. r. .. .....u ':2 Fulton, ,St. Mexico City,' .. Callo Cadena, No. 3 Louisville_ Kyf It.. ctrJ Fourth St. Seattle, Waih._.- 1018 S.oona St.
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