Florida farmer & fruit grower
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055765/00348
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: S. Powers
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: September 21, 1895
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note: Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038466
oclc - 01387403
notis - AKM6256
lccn - sn 95026761
System ID: UF00055765:00348
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen

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8. Powers, Publisherand Proprietor._ 'JACKSONVILLE. FLA., SEPTEMBER 21, 1895. Whole 'No. 1389- vofvil:, o11 38' I.I

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Before buying your Nursery Stock investigate and know what you ale getting. Know' that [
you are buying of a Grower and not a second or third hand. dealer. :


L T A B E R are the most Extensive in the State and ofter all Home Grown Stock. Peaches. Plums,.Pears j
Japan Persimmons, Grapes, Figs,Mulberries,Apricots,Almonds, Satsuma and other Oranges and. 'j
Lemons on both" ,
Glen St. Mary, Florida. Over 75 varieties of Roses al;,field grown and;Budded and Grafted. Ornamental Trees, Shrubs etc. at !

Over 300 Varieties of Fruit Trees and, Ornamentals It Write will NO for pay BETTER Catalogue those intending and STOCK.any to infoimation plant NO:wanted CHEAPER.to visit, my Nursery NONE Experimental SO LARGE.Grounds. l'' "a.


OFFERED FOR SEASON OF 18Q6'-96.. Macclenny, Fla.

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.r: : : t'tr A'ir" + ''' .. : :.. *01 : :
fTHE bNLY 'WHA.Tt. YG.ti" WANT: .. ..J' .
WAY: TOwGET i- ,: POSTPAID., ... 0',, ,I

I able to with and )
am supply you Orange Lemon Safe Arrival and Satisfaction Guaranteed.
Ifeadquarters_ for Pear Trees. Satsuma Oranges on Ti'loltata. Celestial Figs, bud wood of standard varieties, such as I

One, fear. Trees now full of'Fruit. Everbearing.Mulberries for 'the 1'lgs and:' HART'S MAJORCA TARD1FF, V A R I ET I ES: Homosassa.Jaffa, Dancy
M7" ; Tangerine. Hart's Tardiff.. (or Valencia Late), St.
...?.,"" Chickens.' El"erta Peach* Trees by the Thousand. RUKY.JAFFA. < .' Michael Ruby and Malta Bloods. W. Navel, I ';:
o -:1: Med' Sweet SATSUMA, Mandarin, ,
,Send.for Interesting Catalogue. ,Magnum I
-SANFORD'S!MEDITERRANEAN, Bonum and Malta Oval Oranges. '
'0 ; J.H., GI12ALtDJ3AIT, Props MED. SWEET, I: Orders Must be for 500 or More Each of 1
At the following prices; : Tne true Lisbon Lemon. Villa Franca, Eu- I
reka, Royal Messina Belair Premium Everbear
FALL CATALOGUE 1000, .$5 00; 3000 $12.00;' 6000 $20.00. ing and Imported Sicily Lemons. I
I t.
"CASH. WITH ORDER. A few Pomelo Buds SI per 10O, S4.5O j I i r
OF GARDEN SEED SUITABLE FOR FALL PLANTING, >tuLemonsLilbon< Villa Franca, Eureka,at per 1,000, 810 per 3.000, S2O per :
same prices. 7,000. CASH WITH OKDKlt.:: !
Buds delivered without further cost to you and I
WILL BE SENT FREE TO ANY- 'ONE., : guaranteed booked now'to for anive June delivery.in fine Address order. ,Orders 0 Can Give Best of Reference Both in .j{ !

,; 1 : f California and Florida. :
,:: !
"Send at once so that your fall garden will not be neglected. : r Riverside!Riverside Nurseries, cal.Reference.Orange CITRUS TRKES. OLIVES, PALMS AND I J

: Growers' Bank, Riverside, '"'' I
H. G. HAS]'INGS & CO., S .D+gM31i+ Cal. Florida reference.{liven if wanted.'FraudBxFruit ,;: Address: I
yInterlaohen I. H. CAMMACK :

I .; "'Florida... : ; ; Whittier California. '.
"- < Wrappers. [ Cut this out for Reference.] "


'Jo" Consumers of Fruit, Wrappers !I
a An especially l large and fine stock cf pot grown Tropical and SemiTropical may
f t Fruit Plants, Camphor, Cinnamon Palms, Grevilleas, Surinam ''now know that they get an honest ream AT REASONABLE PRICES.
1 Cherry, and hundreds of other useful and qrnawen1al1'lantsare of'480 sheets and not 400 or 320 sheetsto .
,: : BEST, SET DURING SUMMER.We ream as some unscrupulous dealers
of finest'trained buds of of supply. Genuine Bermuda Onion Seed Pearl, Bermuda t
have several thousands the trees( course) Silver Skin
White Yellow Danvers and
,Limes and Pomeloes. in all standard and .best sorts
0 NSpp Oranges Lemons ;
.'iii Choicest ones but$30 per 100, packed free. They will average 3 to 4 feet, OUR "FAIR AND SQUARE"Printed Top or .. 0.>. f..
(some mucu larger)and branched.' Ready for Autumn planting. Send in your 01 ders early. I ONION SiD'rt9.Finest I
Send for large Illustrated catalogue free, Wrappers are put up in packagesof ) t
:' : 1000 each and each is Strains of Cabbage, Florida tested. I:
11EASONEU BROS. Oneco Fla. ,
A full line of all seeds. _,
: :Manatee River Region. numbered, in'printing, consecutively Florida and Georgia Seed Rye and Oats. I
o from 1 tq 1000.: No one can t
300 ACRES IN NURSERY. 0 ONE ACRE"UNDER' GLASS. O 38TH YEAR. HONESTLYBE: r Send. o for price list. '. '
our prices. Send'for sampler)and prices < L. CAMERON, Seedsman. i
FRUIT TREES Specially Adapted to Florida., to' 'Jacksonville: ,. Fla.I

Oriental Pear Japan Plums on Marianna Stocks,Japan Persimmons Giant Loquat, Strawberry SOUTHERN PLANTING. i ,
Broad Leaved Camelias Palms, JERSEY CITY N. J. ;
Plants. Grape Viius, etc. Rare Coniferae, Evergreens 50.000 '
10,000 Camphor and Cinnamon trees Roses. The CirueiihuiiHe imrtuieiit is ] iargest and B.-We' in Pears a specialty. .Trifoliata Orange Stocks.
'N. do 'not' deal l
most complete in the Southern States. We grow everything' trees and plants suited to South imprinted Prices Low. List Free. SUMMIT NURSKRIIJS,
ern horticulture. Catalogue free, Address V. J. BEHCKMANS, Augusta, Ga. No Agents., wrappers, Monticello, Fla.


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694 SHE JtofclbA} FAfcMBfc ANfc FKtJIT-aROWfi 1t. SEPTEMBER> 21, ,


State AgridilitilFalCo11ee FLORIDA irx'w r THE "DAISY"" "

LAKE CITY, FLA. w. f 'w. anPLOW1


MONDAY SEPT. 30, 1895.

An Implement That Every Gardener

'Four regular courses, Agricultural, Me- Grower Should Have. '
chanical, LathaScltmtlflcV.oanen's,equiv-
alent in length studies and honor. Graduatesof'J.atitrSCientlfic ... -
course receive degree of A. B.; Shortest Quickest Most .Attractive --
of other courses, degree ot B. S. ,
A one year's Business Course giving thorough -
t instruction in Commercial LawArithmetic. :Ron'r :E
Penmanship and Book-Keeping. ,'.
i. A year's course in Stenography, TypeWriting BETWEEN -" '
and Telegraphy, fitting students for business. FLORIDA POINTS AND THE NORTH '
Graduates of these courses receive certificates of
proficiency. ?
A"course in Piano Music has been added Florida Central and' PeninsularNEW ',
'under an associate of the Toronto Conservatoryof ,
Music, giving best facilities to students of the
Piano, at a reasonable charge. THROUGH ROUTES.New .
Military Instruction under' graduate of York to Jacksonville by
West Point. The young men are under Military New Florida Pennsylvania K., K.: to Wash- ; .I" .
Discipline similar to West Point The and ington Southern Railway to
,College:Physician,attends all students without Northern 1 Columbia, Florida Central & .
I 0
charge. Lake City is One of the healthiest placesin Air Line. Peninsular to all principal -
America. High Pine Land. Pure Water. In points in Florida.
'eleven years there has not been a death at the ."
College. All courses are open to women. Stu- Cincinnati to Jacksonville by
dents not prepared for the Freshman class can Cincinnati Queen & Crescent to Chatta-
enter the Preparatory Department. and iiooga. Southern R'y to Ever-
To'all students from Florida tuition is Free'inall FloridaLimited. ette, Florida Central & Penin-
departments except Piano Music.' Music ]sular to all'important' Florida'
students pay a reasonable charge. Studentsom points. .
.,.."- other States pay $20 a year tuition, music Kansas Kansas City Fort Scott &
xtra. Young men bard in the Mess Hall at$to City Memphis it.ft.to Kansas City, ;
a month. Young women board with families in Jaclcsn'vllle to Birmingham, Southern It'y 1Im
town at $to to815 a month. College year begins Thro': Line Ito Everette, Fla. Central & "
September, 18<)5. 0 Peninsular, all Fla. points.
For catalogues address Louis to Jacksonville by O
1St. Short Line to Du Quoin,
O. CLUTE. PRESIDENT, Holly Sp'gs Central to Holly Sp'gs: The best' Tool for intensive culture ; saves the expenses of a horse ;
LAKE CITY, FLA. Route. City, Memphis & Birmingham -
t J to Birmingham,Sou. does the work just how and where you want it done.
K'y.to Everette and F. C.&P.

Sioux City & Chicago to Jacksonville -
JOHN Holly Sp'gs}Sp'gs K. O. M. &? B. to Bir Thoupands of acres of Truck and Strawberries are cultivated entirely by hand.
I Route. mingham.Sou. R'y to Ever- This little plow has been perfected! with special reference. to ;Florida use and
[DEL ND, FLORIDA. ette and the F. C. & P. with'the assistance and suggestions of Florida growers.
Louis'ille &Nash'ille to River
For both sexes. College, Normal School. New Orleans Junction. F. C. & P. only
Academy, Art School and Conservatory of Music, To }route with through sleepersJa.ckso'v1l1e
..f institution of first rank. Faculty of twenty between New Orleans and
b :w' teachersSeven elegant buildings, heated by Jacksonville.The Four Points and a Wrench Go With Each Plow. .
.; ,_. : steam, lighted by electriq,ty. Hot and cold water A '. 0
: "" baths. Thoroughly equipped gymnasium.! Department F. C. &; P has 700 miles of tradkl| in i
o of Physical Culture, with Military Drill Florida running through the
for young men. Library of 6,000 volu'tits. Read- Tobacco' Regions, ;- Given with this paper to new subscribers for one year for $5.00 f. o. b. at our
ing room, with all leading periodicals and daily Stock JFarming and Dairy Section,
and weekly pap-.rs. Thoroughly equipped PeaCh and Strawberry Lands, Store-room. ,
chemical and physical laboratories. Separate Orange, Banana and Pineapple Country FARMER
buildings for Music and Art Schools, with artists Phosphate' Belt. and FRUIT GROWER,
I of established reputation in charge. Opens Has the Silver Spring and ..
t October 2. Send for catalogue giving full inform- Other Fine Scenery. JACKSONVI. E,. F'LA.
.ation, tot The Great Hunting Country.
JOHN F. FORBES, Beaches the Noted' Wishing Grounds.Has .
:' President. the best lands for tillage, greatest vari- N. B. Special.low rates given for Pony, Clipper and Hammock Plows in con.
", ety of soils m the State' and,above all nection with the paper. Write,us for terms.WHY.

Runs over the Central Rldgeland
Where It Is High and Healthy. ..
lorida Prosperous towns fill its route and it otters
'Y the best freight facilities for any produce to ? .
ands the Northern markets. Send for the popular <
Orangesj Go the Corn off the Hands and
with its spirited words and beautiful music on "Niggering Cob, Blistering your

descriptive of an actual Florida Home, and Wearing the Skin off? Buy a"CYCLONE"
which is gotten up elegant style-Six
j of full sized best music paper,containing also
1 :', a picture of a home In Florida and'a huntingscene.
investments ,t.t., It Is mailed on receipt of 10 cents (in CORN SHELLER.
stamps,to pay expense of distribution.))
;:I Send also for the best map of Florida(sen 1

Developments: ;;ai.;: free) and note the A. O.towns MACDONELL on its route.,G.P.A SEVERAL REASONS WHY YOU

Jacksonville, Fla. SHOULD HAVE ONE.
Attractions I

The Fla. Cent. & Peninsular R. R. 1 Iilll8
Address, It is warranted against I
2 fully breaking or get-
t G. D. ACKERLY Offers to ShippersThe ting out of order by any fair usage.It .
Shortest& and Quickest Route takes less power to do the same amount of
.' GENERAL PASSENGER AGENT, work than any other machine of its size ever
FLORIDA AND ALL POINTS IN There is no time lost after you are through
JACKSONVILLE!: FlORlOA, THE EAST AND shelling by picking the cobs out of the shelled
;' WEST. corn, as the machine takes the corn all off the "
With Improved Ventilatbd Cars,this com- -- cob drops the corn in the box or basket, takes
,. pany Is better equipped than ever ever to ., ,' 4j '.---- "kt the cob on around and throws it off at the back.
handle the Orange and Vegetable Crops, and By a little practice with it you can easily shell
insure close connections and prompt despatchto ",- oue bushel of oars in about A minutes or less.
f Known all Eastern and Western Markets. ;. The shelter is small but it will do ,the work of
: Through oars to destination with- ', many a larger machine.
out change or delay. a', e The spring can be adjusted to any tension required \
Everywhere. Perishable freight followed by wire and 4t t' and can be loosened when not in use, thus
I; Grown Everywhere. shippers advised time passing various Junction avoiding any chance of its giving out.
points and arrival at destination. A shelter wrench accompanies every machine.
\'. IRRYS SEEDS lyadjusted.All claims for overcharges and loss prompt-

The manufacturer of this machine is rated in the Commercial Agencies at $125,000 and is \
Ask your dealer for them. Send for See that your goods are markedvia personally known to the Editor to be a responsible man. The' '
. Ferry' Seed Annual for 1893. F. C. & P. p. R. -
.ii, valuable to all planters and lovers For,information'call on or address the undersigned CYCLONE CORN SHELLER
of Fine Vegetables and Beautiful :
Flowers. Write for It-Free* O. E. TAYLOR Trav. A'gt Ocala, Fla. Is not a worthless claptrap affair, but has genuine merit.
1>. 31. FERRY& JO., W. B. TUOKER, Gen.A'g'l, Orlando, Fla. Retail price $3.00. Given with the paper one year for $4 oo or as a premium tor three new
e,,'" Detroit,Mich. G. HOLDEN,Trav. !it, Leesburg Fla subscribers at $2.00 each. Address all orders to
W. 11. FULLER Trav. AVt, Tampa, Ma.
.ff.:" ,Or N. S. PENNlfoGTON,Traffic Manager, FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER,
'" Jacksonville Fla.
0 > ,
, W, H, PLEASANTS, General Freight Agt I Juolis onviilev: P lE*.
**.. MM

<* *. .

.A.. -..

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THE LE OONTB PEAR. average maximum priceion: ; any other Conte to be: handicapped in making tiesquoted, to ,compare with up,to the
ts variety for forty-seven days from the'' these comparative. quotations for thepast time the editorial' referred: appeared

?I i- the Northern People Say time they were first quoted, in barrels, three .yea ';of'1 893, '94 and '95, in press, viz, Sept. 4th. '
'What their Cash. (neither LeConte nor other kinds have viz: wherever any other variety has The first quotation by the barrel this

With been figured on any but barrel quota- been quoted-:in the lead I have taken year on'any named variety, other than

The following letter was sent simul- tions) to be $3.55; a difference of the maximum figures for'that particular LeConte, was on July 23d, and the
taneously 'to this paper and to the fifty nine cents per barrel in favor of variety on that day. These varieties maximum price was $2.00, and for

"Agriculturist" and explains itself: LeConte in the average maximum include Bartlett, Clapp's Favorite, thirty-five consecutive days up to Sep-

Editor Florida Agriculturist: quotations for forty-seven consecutive Seckel, Sheldon, Louise Bonne, Beurre tember 4th the maximum prices on

In your issue of September 4th you days after the different kinds came Bosc, Howell, Flemish Beauty, Bell, other than LeContes were as follows:

treat of the recent pear glut in a way into market in sufficient quantities to I I Catherine, Jargonelle, etc., while va- Four days at $3.oo, four days at $2.75,
that seems to me to do the LeConte be quoted by the barrel. These figures rieties listed as "common kinds, nearby ten days at $2.50, seven days at $2.25,
injustice. You say: "The fact is, the also show that for twenty-two days of ," are too far behind to be in the and ten days at $2.00, which figuresup

LeConte pear does not seem to be appreciated the forty-seven LeContes sold as highor race. These quotations on other varieties an average maximum price of$2.39,
by the fruit consumers of higher than the highest prices received than LeConte, also include the and leaves LeConte 51 cents per bar-

the North, and we confess we do; not for any other variety when at following extra grades, viz: "Fancy"' rel in the lead. As above stated, we
blame.them in the least." And again; their highest, and that the highest "fancy large barrels," "western New have only thirty-five days of quotationson

"While the LeConte is not a popular'pear quotations on LeContes exceeded the York, choice," "Jersey, large," "up other varieties up to September 4th,
in its natural condition, it would highest quotations on any other varietyby river, large and fine," etc. If the but if we-include the l last week of low

probably make a good canner." Thereis $[.50 per. barrel. So much for comparative prices between LeConteand quotations on LeContes from August
no doubt about the LeConte be- 1893. any other one variety of the kinds loth to 17th, 'and make the average

ing a good canner, and it also seemsto For 1894 my files are not com- that "ye editor" would name as being comparison the same as above, we still
me that there is no more doubt find LeConte in the lead on average :

about its being a "popular pear" and maximum 1 ;prices for the entire: season 1

"appreciated" by the people of the to date. -
North, than there is about the Florida y }; s And here wish to call the attention -
i iF ', i, of readers to another
orange. Both of them have been 4x, your
known to sell for less than freight ', ;? { the subject, and this is in connec-

charges, and commission men have f, tion with the advice now appearing in
advised.against shipping the orange, : F t 1 g( W the daily papers. ,"LeContes will not J

time and time again. In the case of J ; ,. pay freight; stop all shipments." What
the orange as with the pear it was on ,'. ," I have to say in relation to this is, I i
account of a surplus of fruit in the .. don't believe there have been 100 bar-
rels of LeContes 'in the State in the
market, not because either was not ,
popular or appreciated.In ,,: .' last two weeks that would have ship- ;I
order to. demonstrate that the :;v4 ped to New York in good-condition,
fL account of being overripe and this
LeConte is appreciated, I wish to call {3; i on ,
the attention of yourself and your ,, ,. phase of-the subject your editorial en- i
readers to the comparative prices ofLeCont "F 1 tirely ignores. A week ago LeContes *..

.and other'varieties, as quotedin were selling on .the streets"of Jacksonville .s' ,
"The Producers' Price Current" of .r r ,,1' J at $1.50 per bushel,"and it 'was
.New York.This is the official medium ; reported that many more than'were in
the best : the market could be sold there at that ;
generally employed: by com- tl.
mission men of that city, to furnish price. ,.Although I left some trees
quotations to their customers. Each ,., .,, loaded, for home use, I don't think ,I .
commission, man takes a specified a. 4 could have..picked a bushel in the last

number of copies daily, and they are fur .. week that I would consider sufficientlyfirm
all printed alike, with the exceptionof ,; Nk ; .4vl to ship even to Jacksonville, much.
the firm's; name that is sending them w C .f less to New York. By reference to "
books I find that the latest date at
write the my
out. The publishers up Ij
market daily on the basis of actual which I have ever shipped LeContes ,
favor 1' : r anywhere is August 6th, which, by or- !
sales, without regard or to any 4 .
fruit. ; ;4 r r. dinary freight, would bring them on )
particular man or any particular qfr ; .
with kay' ,f (' sale in New York before middle of August I
(I am personally acquainted one +
member of this publishing firm that and only one season (the present II
one) have I made shipments of !'LeConteslater -
for the
has been doing so daily past I' '
y" than July, or had them in il
fifteen years.) By referring to these k. 4f
condition after that time. A
to ship
reports for 1893, I find that LeContes
pear that is in fair condition to eat'out j
were first quoted for that year, on
June 19th, at $6.co per barrel, and ,A CLUSTER 0V LECONTE PEARS ot hand is in a very' different stage of
that for forty-seven consecutive days plete, but I have enough of these reports -- "popular" or "apprecIated"' had been ripeness. from one that is in proper /1/
the maximum prices quoted on Le to warrant me in saying that I strictly followed it would have made condition for a week's trip to market. ,.j

Contes ran as follows; two days at there: was a larger difference in favorof the difference that much.larger in favor And now in relation to the glut '

$6.00, five' days at $5 oo, fifteen daysat LeConte than in the precedingyear. of LeConte. of the present season: Nobody de- j
$3.00 to $4.50, twelve days at $4.00, LeContes started in 1894 at Now coming down to the present nies that there was one, not,only in \

six days at $3.50, and seven days at $4.50 to $6.50 and on July 9th, were season, including the glut and its pears, but in peaches, apples, water- ,\1:
'' On causes. By reference to filesI melons, etc., and each one of 'these t ti
300. I find that for the same year quoted at $5 oo to $7.00. July '
the first quotation for any other specified 18th, LeContes were $4.00 to $5 00, find that LeContes started i individual gluts combined to make
variety was on July 28th, and its and on the 23d $4.00 to $5,50, with this season at a, maximum price of i one immense one; each .kind of fruit !

maximum quotation on that day was three other varieties quoted, the highest $5.00 on June 28th, and that for thir i, in excess of demand and all 'exerting :'

$3.50, and that for forty seven con'secutive of :which was $3.00 to $x,50. On ty-five consecutive days the maximum a depressing influence on the prices
days the highest prices named July 31st the maximum price for .Le prices were quoted as follows :' Four of each. Watermelons poured into i

for any other variety than LeContesran Cotes was $5.00, and the next highest days at $5.00, one day at $4.00, six New York at the rate of thirty to fifty

as follows: ten days at $4.50, variety(Bartlett) on the same day days at $3.50, four days at $3.25, two carloads a day; peaches from Georgiaat

nine days at $4.00, two days at $3.75, was $4.50 maximum. On August2d days at $3.00, three days at $2.50, the rate of ten thousand to twenty
Bart- five at $2.25 three days at $2.00, thousand crates per' ,day; LeConte
six days at $3.50, two days at $3.25, LeContes $3.50 maximum; days ,
twelve days at t $3,00, one day at $2,75, letts the same. On August 7th Le one day at $1.75,. and six days at $1.50. pears from Georgia and Florida,
five Contes $3.50 maximum and Clapp'sFavorite This figures up an average maximum reached the. enormous equivalent of
.and days at $2,50.
three solid (rain loads in a single,dayin
By figuring this up I find the aver- the same. price of, $2.90 for LeContes, for thirty-
maximum price for LeContes for And right here I wish to call the five days after they were first quoted, New York alone, and other mar-
forty.seven age days from the time they attention of your readers to the unfair which is co-equal, in the number of kets filled to the same repletion. On

were.first quoted, to be $4. 14, and the manner in which I have allowed Le- days, with which we have other vane-, July 22d, in commenting on fruits\ in '



.. '



you know who you are Dealing with. "CHEAP"' ; ,Fertilizers are dear at any price. Our motto in:;, "GOOD FERTILIZER CHEAP," (not'
Cheap Fertilizers at Low Prices,) and we point with pride to the reputation attained, by the LITTLE BROS.' Brands wherever used.
: For present<: conditions we recommend the use of the following,brand described in our Circular Letter of December 31, 1894, and which has already

!,been used extensively : .

attention! is also called to the following brand :
BRAND."Special .
\ : '* 'rI12ucI' :FE: IL-IZE: : J .
Ammonia..6 to 7 per cent.
to cent.
."; Available Phosphoric Acid..4 to 6 4 per I
,. Potash, (Actual)....... .... too Available Phosphoric Acid..6 to 8 "
.' .3 Potash (Actual) .... .......4 to 6 .
PRICE, $32.00 Per Ton f. o. b,, Jacksonville. PRICE, $22.00 Per Ton, f. o. b., Jacksonville.
.' ,, _.
Lowest prices on Cotton Seed,Meal, Nitrate Soda, Sulphates and Muriates of Potash. Write us for prices on any thing you may need.


general, the, "New York ,Price Cur I and meeting with the same competition -! MORE ABOUT THE LEOONTE regard to the LeConte pear I would \
rent" said: "Markets for, nearly all would like to have the editor ,PEAR. say, for cooking and canning they are
kinds in a, demoralized condition," name it. Every man has an undoubted' fine, and when picked in the proper
,and,the, figures given on peaches, ap- .right to his own private opinion, as: to A Slur Refuted:"" What the Ladies time; for eating from the hand theyare
ples and pears sustained the assertion; I the comparative quality of any fruit, Say. 'most excellent in flavor.
Two days later, on July 24th, over but when he undertakes, to say that aI The freeze seems to have soured :MRS. L. W. SAYLES. \
six thousand barrels of LeConte pears certain fruit is unpopular or unappreciated I: the temper of Brother Painter of the Lawtey, Fla. '
went, into New York and the price I I by the people in general,.he "Agriculturist.". His paper could I find the LeConte an excellent -
broke on,that day to $1.50 per barrel, I should, to maintain his position, be hardly have given more comfort to fruit a good substitute pear for the
with the highest quotation on any i able to back it up with figures. The the orange growers of California if it apple. In serving it to guests
other variety $2.25. On the 3oth ofJuly"over' Elberta peach is generally! recognizedas had been printed in Los. Angeles. from the North, it has never my failed to
four thousand! barrels of Le- one of the finest in America, and They have gathered several appetizing elicit praise. DORA E. BIDDLE. .
Contes went into New York (say two yet car-loads of them have been sold morsels out of it for their readers. Lawtey Fla.
; good .train loads), and with ,this lim in the various markets this year at a A few days ago he visited the southern ,
ited(?) supply the difference narrowedup loss, but not because they were unpop- section where the orange groves In answer to your question in regard -
,to 50 cents per barrel between ular. The Florida orange, as above still show fragmentary crops of fruit. to the LeConte pear, I ,will say i
them, and purchaser's selection of stated, has often done'the same thing, With the memory of a disaster as that I think it an excellent substitutefor
fancy fruit of any other variety quoted but not for lack of appreciation. appalling as t the burning of Chicago the apple, and superior in every
Clapp's Favorite being quoted on i Before closing this article I ,wish to fresh in people's minds and with the way to any other variety grown in
that, day at, the remarkably high(?) say that not one-half of the people ot growers in the midst of a stern con- Florida. Very respectfully,
price of $2.00 per barrel, maximum. Florida are aware of the actual;, fine flict with bankruptcy, he gleefullyrubs MRS. M. E. K. ;'
The next day, July> 31st, the trainload quality of a LeConte when at its lpest, his : hands over these pathetic Lawtey: Fla. .
''', l : after: train load (or the equiva- and after it has had proper treatment.: little'crops and repeatedly thrusts 'To your inquiry as to the' LeConte
.lent, mostly by steamer,) of LeConteshad Mr. Stringfellow, the pioneer LeConte them before his readers as contribu- pear, I will answer from my experience. -
,been so far disposed,of that pricesfor grower of Texas, says that he first tions toward "rthat million-box yield." The LeConte pear is early, it
them a vanced 75 cents.per barrel, found out the superior quality of Le In the Agriculturist! of September 4, is juicy and of fine flavor. It: is'goodto
:to. ,$2.25 maximum with, the maxi- Contes after eating of his own fruit in on the editorials'page, appears an arti- cook in many ways; also to can, to
mum price for Clapp's Favorite still Chicago. The secret lies in pickingthe cle'entitled "Tjie Pear Glut," in which pickle or preserve in sugar. On the I:
: standing at 200. On August 1st fruit a little in advance of its hav- occurs the following sentence: "The whole I regard it as the best variety :
:they'stood in the same relative position ing attained its full growth, and whileit (fact is, the LeConte pear does not seem of Florida I
viz.: LeConte 25 cents per bar, is yet free from the slightest tingeof to be appreciated by the fruit consumers pear.MRS.. J. E. BURRIN. I
ref higher than Bartlett, Beurre Gif- yellow, and keeping it confined in of the North, and we confess we Lawtey, Fla.Burning :
fard'or: Clapp's Favorite; 50 cents per boxes or barels (for a week or ten do not blame them in the least." --. ',
barrel higher: than Catherine, 75 cents days, shut up in its own atmosphere.: On reading this a citizen of the pear
higher than Bell, and $1.00 per bar These conditions are perfect when the belt was moved to indignation. She Blight Spores.
rel higher than "common kinds nearby fruit is shipped to distant markets by said, "I should like to make a pear pie When therefore, any sign of these
." On August 3d they maintained freight, after having, ,of course,_been for Mr. Painter, and I know he wouldeat diseases appears, the best practice is to
much the same relative position, ex- properly picked and packed. If any it, and then,. if he is the gentlemanthat cut the affected branches away, so that I
cept, that the difference the maxi one wants to test the quality of Le I take him to be, he would cat his the baneful influence will not spread
mum price ,had widened to 50 cents Contes as our northern friends see words, and I warrant they would not through the plant system. This is
per barrel in favor of LeConte over them I would suggest that, he pick a taste as good to him as the pie did." very often th.e best cure. Some rec-
any other variety.As barrel, at the proper stage (as above), Taking a hint from this remark we ommend that the spores should be
the news of this advance reached head it up, leave it in the shade for a collected the opinions of a few of the burned; but this rather adds to the
shippers they commenced pouring in week or ten days, and then take the most notable housewives of Lawtey, number of atmospheric spores, if any
the LeContes again in overwhelming head out and sample the contents. If who have had years of experience with thing, because the heat carries the
supply, and prices gradually recededto he has some of the fruit to compare it LeConte pears of a choice quality, and spores away before they have been I
$2.50, $2, $1.50, and finally, on with that was picked at the same from whose judgment in matters of the consumed, and tends to spread rather
August 17th (the last quotation), $i time and left lying around exposed to cuisine there is really no appeal. Theyare than destroy.-American Cultivator.
per barrel maximum, 'with purchaser's light and air, he will.wonder how he appended hereto.I This clipping is a good sample of
selection of the highest, grade of any came to have two varieties, when he find the LeConte pear a mostuse'rul pseudo-scientific work; it is a combination -
other variety, on that date at a max- supposed they were air LeContes, and fruit. Taken from the tree of "inaccuracies and misstate-
mum (and most munificent?) priceof will never afterwards,;eat, a LeConte'out when fully grown, ripened under ments." Comment at length would
$2 ; and up to the present writing, of hand," if he:.can get one to cover, its flavor is excellent. With probably not be profitable.
three weeks after quotations have eat "put of a barrel;" sugar and cream it is a delicious sub .... ..
,ceased LeContes Bartletts G. L. TABER. stitute for peaches. Baked it
on fancy resembles Gainesville is to have a new in
maximum the Glen St. :Mary, Nurseries. a sweet apple; For and
arc quoted at $3 highest pies dustry, and one that will prove a very
price,this season of anything outsideof Glen St. Mary, FK, Sept. 9, '95. dumplings it is a worthy successor to material benefit to' the city. The
LeContes, and $2 short of the highest ....... the apple. Is not to be despised Florida Tanning and Leather Manu
quoted price for the season on Le Jas. Carnell and crew arrived home when 'canned, especially when I facturing Company are taking out ar- 1
Contes. safely Wednesday evening all hale blended with the pineapple. Takenas ticles of incorporation and will soon
If there is any other pear grown in and hearty, having enjoyed,their trip. a whole the LeConte pear is a valuable begin operations. The amount of !
America that would have'sustained bet- Theysecured, a good cargo of guava fruit, and it is a favorite with capital stock authorized is $10,000, !
ter prices than LeContes for the past juice to be used in ,making "CarneH's me. MRS. E. G. HILL. to be divided into 200 shares, each :
..three .years, when put up,in the same pure home made guava jelly.--' ay,. Lawtey, Fla. share to be of the par value of $50.- !
way, shipped in the same quantities tona Gazette In answer to your question! in Sun. ;


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., Rough; Lemon as a Stock. A Grower's ''Experience. 95 here for _the past thirty days. may come when ,the wine producedfrom ,
I Editor li.l Farmer and Fruit Grower: Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower.,I. Their plan will be to_ process and put them may really be poculent. ..F;;
Since letter in recent issue of Will you allow ',me space in your theeggs ,in thecave; in the spring and But with peaches, the California fruit,
{ my a valuable paper to say'a few words in summer when they can be bought at makers have not yet passed the initial .
AND regard to the condition of our orange five to eight cents per dozen and sell stage of their experimentation. ;They
there have been inquiriesfor
numerous trees and what I have learned about them in the winter when they are make a tolerable imitation of a' peach
additional information about the
them? very high, and the weather is colder such as is also made by workers in
rough lemon stock, the question gen We all made a mistake, the first of than the cave. I reserved the ,rightto wax. But it is still Dead Sea fruit,
erally asked being, "Do buds on" which was in stopping all cultivation. store free in,the cave all the fruit that tempts the eye but turns to asheson
inferior fruit?
rough lemon produce Secondly, a month after the freeze all and vegetables may grow.. I had the lips."
In this it be said that
answer to may the earth around the trees ought to not the least doubt but what they will The California Fruit Grower repro-
all young budded trees growing vigor- have been moved or stirred carefullyand make a grand ,success of it. duces this and gives the New York
ously are apt to produce inferior fruitat kept up until we saw the results. J. B. BRIGGS. Times a sound scolding, calling it
first and as buds on the rough lemon Instead of doing this, all hands sat Russellville, Ky. "our provincial contemporary," &c.
grow most vigorously their first fruit down and said wait 'to see what the The above communication was The Fruit Grower then adds:
will likely be no exception to this rule. results will be in. the fall. At the rather in the nature of a personal let- "That there are plenty of New
This can however be controlled .by a same time the trees'were still tryingto ter, but it i is too interesting to keep. Yorkers who do know something of our
of fertilizer. If it be
judicious use come out and making the expense and we trust Colonel Briggs will not peerless fruit, even if the Times editor
found" necessary to apply "OrangeTree more, both in cutting and in cultiva- be offeneded at the publication of it. i does not, we may cite the fact that
: or "Nursery Stock" brands to tion to put the groves in the same or- ,.- >-*_ for the week ending with the date of
buds on sour orange or grape fruit der than it would have been to keep Hart's Late Orange to be Made his silly outgiving, 59 carloads of Cal-
roots.to secure satisfactory( growth of Oaliforniafs Early Rareripe.
them up all summer. ifornia fruit went to that market;; and
tree and yield of fruit, it will be_ best, Now, for fifteen years I have beenin California orange growers, accord- for the week ending August'27tH New
on the same land, to apply "F rUlt'and the business ing' to the Riverside Press, propose to
grove acting as agent York took 37 carloads of our "Dead
Vine" to trees on rough lemon to secure for Mr. B. R. Swoope and the late spring a happy surprise upon their Sea fruit.

like results. Capt. J. C. Eaton, both of Maitland.I Eastern friends about Thanksgivingtime. .. .
When we came to this place twelve am still in the business, both for, The Hart's Tardif orange is a HOSTS and Tourists. '
years ago, we found sixty trees of myself and for several non-residents, very late one-so late in fact that it Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower. ;
bearing age and most of them with I and of course I wrote to all of them may be easily converted into an earlyone. It is about time for residents in
fruit, some as many as eight to ten : what ought to be done, and that was That is to say, 'instead of pick- small towns in Florida to understand
boxes. Six of them were buds on to cut the trees down and cultivateand ing the fruit in July and August as that tourists from the West, the North,
rough lemons, three on grape fruit and keep up what little sap we had usual, it is proposed to let it remain the New England States, or the cities
two on sour orange, so that I have had left in the roots. upon the trees until November and of the South do not come to Floridato
opportunity to make comparisons of Some of them said go on with the December. The remarkable keeping associate with hogs. All the West-
the fruit for eleven years. In:December work and some said wait for the fall qualities of that fruit easily lend them- ern, Northern and New England
,'83 we sampled the fruit of every to do the cutting. selves to this scheme, as our River- States have the'no fence law.'f. .
tree in ,a thrifty condition, ,and selected side friends believe and will thus
Those that said go on, their groves they Hogs with their fleas, their filth and
that from a bud on rough lemonas have gone on, and are the best be able to put dead ripe, sweet, juicy smells should be the last things1 be
best of all, and the seeds of thesewe groves in Maitland.I oranges into the holiday markets of brought within sight of the tourist.If .
planted with a view of raising extra called on Rev.. Lyman Phelpsand the country in some quantity. If this hotel keepers and others that
choice seedlings for our nurseries. in looking at his ,trees and taking can: be successfully accomplished make money out of tourists could only
As I have said before the rough his advice to,some ,extent, I came to score another count for California realize how offensive hogsare to people .
lemon; stock is to be preferred for the the conclusion that I wanted one tool oranges If anything could revive' that are accustomed to'them, -"
lighter soils of the State but for the he had and that was the disk cutter the old-time spirit of devout thanks- they would not rest satisfied as: longas
rich lands, buds on sour orange and harrow, to keep the land stirred at giving in the country, it would be to hogs run the streets in the vicinity .
grape fruit roots certainly give good the very least expense. ,I ordered it have aliberal; supply of choice, California where they* live.Merchants .
results. through him and it came promptly, ripe oranges about the last and business men in the
Have also had a number of inqui- and I at once, set it going in the Thursday in November each year.- small towns in Florida can take their
ries in regard to the so called white groves,that I was ordered to go ahead California Fruit Grower. choice, between hogs or tourists.
fly, and am glad to say that this much with. It proved to be the very thingI ..e..... They cannot have both .
dreaded pest has never been in this needed, and today the groves that The all Round Liar Versus the Hogs and tourists are incompatible.
section and as far as the naked eye were properly worked and cut back Peach Liar. Imagine a picture of pleasure resort
can discover we are entirely free from are as far ahead of those that are From an editorial in the New York Hogs and tourists on the: same
all scale insects too. waiting as the East is from the West. :Times of August i4th we take the following promenade. Good Lord, deliver us !
Some portions of the State have hada These groves will be able to bear a- choice, extracts : The place for hogs is on the'farm,
good deal of free advertising, this fair crop next year. I "Nobody but a liar can remember or in the pen far removed (from the
year, owing to the slight injury to their S. M. MOSLEY. when there were better peaches to be eyes and nostrils of men.
groves the past winter. I rejoice at Maitland, Fla. had in- 'New York than there are to- A tourist never invests in a' hog
their good fortune, and perhaps you ... day. At this; time last year we were town. He never visits a hog town
will allow me to !ay: just a word or A Cold Storage Cave. relying exclusively upon the peachesof but once if he can help it. I
two for our West Hillsborough penin Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: California. The anti-hog-town tourist is right.W. .
sula. A half mile from our place is a I enclose $2.00 to cover, my sub "We would not willingly do an injustice A. 'R. ROBERTSON.
twenty-five year old seedling grove of scription to February, 1896. j to the fruit manufacturers of Inverness, Fla. j I
three hundred trees, in most excellent While the freeze last winter hit me : the Golden State. They have showna -- -.
condition. It shows scarcely a trace very hard in Florida I am planting as highly commendable spirit of enter- To Make Goof Coffee. ';
of the freeze of December and,February heavily this year of tomatoes, egg prise from the first, when they con- The Hartford Post gives the. following
last and carries a considerable crop plants and pepper as I did last year. fined their efforts to making hand- recipe for the "best coffee ever
of handsome fruit now. I doubt if My lemon, orange and grape fruit some imitations of fruit. Even at made :" '
there is a grove of equal size in Flor- trees are coming up nicely from the that time their product made a very "The pouring of the cream is
ida in better shape, in any respect, roots, but I will not bud until next effective centre piece for a dining where the whole secret lies. Put the
than this one and showing less evidence spring. I cut down part of the dead table, and left nothing to be desiredif coffee into 'the pot containing ,a little
of the disasters of last winter. trees and left a part, thus testing both the host also provided his guests cold water, and let it boil. Never
Along the ,coast there are other groves plans.I with fruit from other quarters for pur pour boiling water on dry coffee ; it
with good crops at this time and some sold my cold storage cave in this poses of consumption. Of late years kills it. When it has boiled enough,
of them have not yet lost all of their State to a syndicate of Californians, they have paid attention to flavor as add sufficient water to weaken it and
last year's leaves. These are facts and who will store largely of grapes, or- well as to appearance, and latterly experienced settle thoroughly; now arrange your
no advertising puff, as I have no landto anges, lemons and eggs in it. Theyare persons have been surprisedto cups ; take the coffee pot in one hand
sell. Yet I would be glad to see storing eggs in it now, after discover that some California fruit and the cream pitcher in the other
some of the places about here, in the putting them through a process might actually be good to eat. The and pour slowly together ,into the
hands of parties able to push them that they claim will keep them one oranges of this last season, in which 'cups. This allows both liquids to
with greater vigor. There is good year in ordinary storage. I am eat California fruit maker thoughtfully mix thoroughly and the result is per-
money in, it, sure. ing eggs ,daily that were taken from pushed all the seeds into a compart- fect. Some people boil the cream
A. L. DUNCAN, Stipt. the cave August 23d, and they are as ment by themselves, were also good with the coffee, but this is wrong, for
Milwaukee Groves and Nurseries. sound and fresh as freshly laid eggs, oranges. The grapes ,have been palatable the cream loses its sweetness in boiling -
Dunedin, Fla., Sept. 14, '95. I and the temperature has been 85, to for several years, and the time ."


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Write Us for Prices before Buying.

ILSON: die 'TOOlVl'ER,

JOINT GRASSES.. the melons mature; after that I let, it where nature did not intend them to to subdue and keep ahead of any
,- grow, and by the time the melons are grow; and had not provided for them. grass, you can't plow well enough to
Counterblast from Major Campbell gone the third growth of grass'' is just Grass can be grown abundantly all raise grain.
Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: beginning to bloom, and with the over Florida, but not citrus trees. As for nut grass, I will say againthe
I don't mind 'heing abused, tram crab grass-which will come any,! Now,' I don't just exactly under- farmer who can't keep ahead of
pled upon and crushed myself, but way-I have pasture on which, to stand Brother Shepherd. I am sure, nut grass is either a sluggard or a very
when my friends, are" so.. treated, I do their great delight, I turn my mulch however, his criticism was friendly and poor plowman Some of the finest
mind it.Now cows, and after seeing them fill their well-meaning, although the ending of corn I have ever seen in Florida grew
Johnson grass is my friend, stomachs' full in an hour and go off his last paragraph would imply that I in nut grass fields. I:
and when I see it abused, as do Mr. under the shade trees contentedly was,"willful" in my advice about Johnson It is certainly a waste of time to
Shepherd, and the author of the "ex- chewing their cuds, I feel pretty well grass. That means obstinacy, talk and write about getting rid of nut
cellent government bulletin" published satisfied with J. G. ''stubborness, regardless of consequences grass; one might just as well talk'
in your last, I can't keep my Will the people of' Florida never' : That is i pretty, tough. about exterminating' crab grass. It is
hands.. off.: get over trying to exterminate grass; ? My negro man John' was telling me here now and for all time. Quit
Now, the difference between Bro. So long as they follow my critic's ad- about a man he had worked for previously abusing it, and go to work and use it,
Shepherd ,and myself is, he.does not vice I fear they won't. If grass was and said "he was not a Cracker and let us hear through the columnsof
treat Johnson grass as it deserves, andI only something that came' in tin cans and he wasn't a Yankee, but he was THE FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER \
do. I utilize it, and he dori't by or paper sacks and required commer- what they generally calls a rebel." what success you have met with. '
trying to eradicate it. cial fertilizers to grow it, then everybody In one place he very properly and One great mistake the planters of !
,Like himself, I have a: piece of I would want to give a box of or- truthfully gives crab grass the creditof Florida make, is in not having their I
strong hammock land, thickly set with anges to pay for a package of it. being a very excellent and superior plantations so arranged that they
it, upon which I have continuouslyraised In front of my house I have several grass, and I do bear abundant and may pasture their lands and get the !
melons, for several years, without acres of beautiful hammock land, willing testimony to that fact. It will benefit of our grasses whilst theyare I
any detriment to the melons, where I have vainly tried for twelve do for Florida as a summer and fall young. A vast majority have i
which have under them a good shovelful years to make an upland citrus grove. ,grass all that blue grass has done for all their land, in one field and are I
of well rotted stable manure, and Three times I have succeeded, and Kentucky, but when frost comes it is unable to turn, their stock in until I
that's how there came to be Johnson three times has it been' frozen to the done for. But it is succeeded by two corn is gathered and sweet 'potatoes
grass there. So far as 4 sops! fable ground just as it came into bearing winter grasses, the names of which I are dug. By that time the grass has
being applicable to my case I- keep on each time. Three tips is out with me, do not know, which are the finest win- all formed seed stems and becomes
doing.so, and the number of ,appreciative as the rule was in my boyhood daysof ter and spring grasses I ever saw, and woody fiber, and is no better than the
people who visit Campobello to ball playing. they can be had by simply cleaningup wire grass of the woods,
eat melons will testify'that mine are This grove was pretty well set with the woods and breaking the CHARLES W. CAMPBELL, SR.
larger, sweeter and better than the 'Johnson grass, and crab grass abund- ground, especially the hammocks and Campobello, Marion county!
melons of those, who do not the same. antly. Instead of trying to preservethe mixed woods. One is a bunch grass .
My melons start ahead of the grass, sprouts from the old stumps I'concluded and, does best in the shade, it grows
and by diligent. work I keep them to turn it into a'pasture' lawn, close to the bodies of the trees. Soils for Tobacco. .
ahead. After they are laid by; the and I can say with a great deal'of sat- Further along he prays for deliver- Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower.
grass begins to grow, in proper time, isfaction the last four months' pastur- ance from all "joint grasses" and ad- What is the experience of raising
just as I want it to; if it did not, coffee age of the Johnson and crab grass on vises all to let "joint grass" severely tobacco on first and second class pine
weeds and the like would.. Of the it-and there will be good pasture till alone. land? Can it be done at a good profit?
two I prefer the former. frost-has been of more intrinsic value Now what is crab grass but a joint Can the finest varieties and wrappersbe
Instead of chopping it" up wit h a than all the twelve years of citrus fruit grass? If it grows at Palm Springs raised on such land? What fertilizers -
hoe and trying to exterminate it, I growing. At the time of the last freeze without joints, and a good many of are best?
take.asickle, and cut it, and feed it to the deep green,leaved trees, with their them, it is altogether a different crab Is there compiled information on
my horses" and milch cows. The sav- bright yellow and red Tangerines, grass from that which grows at Camp raising and curing tobacco to be had
ing of horse feed and the increasedflow Mandarins, oranges and grape fruit. obello, or .anywhere else I have ever and where? Would it require an expertto
of milk-and it makes rich milk- were a beautiful sight. I had some I seen in Florida.Do raise and cure with success? .
pay me to do so; and I am ,satisfied luscious fruit, and I regretted to lose away with crab grass in Florida O. W. SADLER, M. D.
that the partial shading of the melonsis them very much. But when I look and you do away with the best grasswe Pittsburg, Pa.
beneficial, as they do not so readily out, as I do at this writing, and see have. They can all be managed, It requires an expert to put tobacco
sunburn.; This is not such a)labor as the sleek mules, horses and milch cows and to them who are'so unfortunate as through the sweat to prepare it for
some will suppose, for the thorough grazing so quietly and contentedly on not to be able to, do so, I will say, as manufacture$ but the average grower,
cultivation the melons receive de. the beautiful green sward, the sight is "Florida" said about the hot-what of with experience can put it in good
stroys much of the Johnson grass equally as gratifying, and I forget it-an acre of good joint grass' is condition to market.
roots, and it comes only in tufts and about the oranges, for I like good beef worth more to you than any acre of There are abundant examples to !
is easily gathered with a sickle.I and mutton better than I do oranges.So grain you can raise in Florida, for if show that sandy; pine lands can be
always get twd cuttings before much for grass :versus citrus trees, you can't manage a plow well enough made to grow tobacco of a high qual-


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:i I j -
*t) ity and profitably. But it must not Where to Buy Poultry.Ah .
1 be too ,light and dry a soil, or else the this is a serious and mooted POPULAR POULTRY FARM ". :

f; tobacco will flake so much when question. Of course, if you can buy .;
1 burned as a cigar that it is of a low what you want, buy in the South, as APOPKA FLORIDA.

value, not profitable. near home as possible, provided you .
Ordinary barnyard manures, well know an honest breeder who has been + THOROUGHB D.+ '

rotted are the best, with perhaps the long enough in the, business to know INDIAN GAMES.,: : .
addition of a small amount of potash. what he is selling, and to know also .
Good General Purpose Fowl. Best Table Fowl known. .
But the most experienced tobacco- that it pays best to breed and sell only .
nists are very cautious in recommending first-class stock. I am glad that I can BLACK MINORCAS. :
a novice in tobacco culture to use say I believe there,are as few dishonest Greatest layer of large, White Eggs., .,

any thing but ordinary farm manures. poultry breeders, North or South, BLACK LANGSHANS.

They say that only an experienced as in any other vocation. After many General purpose Fowl Best Asiatic for Florida
grower should venture outside of these. years of experience, I, for one, have
Judge C. H. DuPont, of Gadsden been swindled but. comparatively few FOWLS FOR SALE. >B EGGS IN SEASON..

county, who; in his lifetime, was con- times. There are rascals in all trades, A few Cockerels at $t 50 and $z oo. Will cost! more next month. Buy now and save 50 per
cents. Fowls shipped at single rates. One half the usual cost. .
sidered a high authority, wrote: "It, however, and in all sections,and when express
has been demonstrated within the last you get cheated by a Northern breeder MEAT MEAL, CRYSTAL GRIT, OYSTER SHELL, ETC.
two years that any' good high pine it is usually wantonly done. Butas S. S. DeLOY PROP. .
land, based upon a subsoil of clay, as a rule you will'not be beatenoften. ;

is generally the case in this county, Some will over-rate their stock 'a little, Having other property will sell my Orange and Poultry Farm located on 'takeApopka. 18'
will, by a moderate application of fer- but usually will money'sworth Acres, 12 in Grove. Good building, stock implements etc. Bargain price. Terms easy; or will
you get your
exchange for well,located property. Write. ,
tilizers in the hill, give as good a return or very near it. Now, there
---------- ,
in quality and quantity as the come two serious drawbacks: first, the '
best hammock of oak and hickory." i stock is not acclimated and will often Meadville, Pa. From him we learn Apiary.;
Mr. Reardon of Ocala who I that single' pair of plant lice can .
grew get sick en route, or soon after arrival; pro-
tobacco successfully in the forties, in the majority'of cases the disease duce, in about two months, about 6- APIOULTURAL ITEMS. t
says: "Rich gray hammock is the contracted will be roup. Second.the! 000,000,000 of their'kind; that one fe-
best adapted, although pine land of a express companies rob us fearfully, male moth can produce in a single The Choice of a Hive.
sandy loam and lightly cowpenned, charging double first class rates on year about 16,000,000 of caterpillars; Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower:
answers well if not too flat." fine poultry; hence you say, 'Buy that in France, in two years, one flor- Some of the first and most 'important -
Both Mr. Reardon and Judge South, of course." Yes, that is right; ist lost about 200,000 rose trees from questions that confront ,the novice
DuPont were old timers writing you have less express to pay, and you the larvae of the cockchafer; that in and amateur engaging in the pro-
chiefly of tobacco culture before the get acclimated birds. the Hartz'mountains about 1,500,000 duction of honey as a business-are:'
war,,andthe, fashion then called for a But while I believe that there are trees'were killed in a few years by the I. The''best and most desirable hive
leaf much heavier than that now in but few dishonest breeders in the bark-beetle; that in our own country, for our moist, hot, changeable cli-

i vogue for cigars. It is,our impressionthat South, unfortunately, my experienceis in spite of all our number of birds, mate.
.modern tobacconists rather prefer that there are some, not' always something like 5,000,000 to 10,000,000 2. The best and most profitable
afijst-class,( pine to. a hammocl. for the i :wantonly dishonest, but sometimes bushels of wheat alone are annually variety or strain of bees for honey
growing of cigar tobacco.Poultry.. ignorantly so. I once paid five dollars -I destroyed by i insects; that Prof.! Tread- production. ,
for a pair of Black Guineas. The well, of Cambridge, proved by actual 3. The necessary care and attention
breeder sent me two Guinea cocks experiment that a robin consumes required for the successful productionof
without a black feather on them. He, about 140 per cent of its own weignt paying crops of honey.
------------------------------------------------ I feel sure, was wantonly dishonest.But every day; that a young bird in his From ten,years' experience in hand-
Edited by S. S. DeLANOY Apopka Fla. bees 'and'the
more to be guarded against in possession consumed 68 earth wormsin ling production of many
the South is ignorant dishonesty. I twelve hours; that ,Alexander Wilson tons of honey in Florida, the past few
Moulting.It have had chickens shipped me not the great ornithologist, estimatedthat years of.which I have devoted my ex-
is a mistake to sell off the hens the breed I ordered at all. Then I the red-winged blackbird alone clusive time and attention to the'production -
that begin moulting first. The earlier have seen stoCK_ that was not even destroys about 16,000,000,000 of in- and sale' of honey as' a busi-
the process begins the sooner it is over, passable sold as fine. sects every year; that about twenty ness and means of gaining a :liveli-
and fowls that begin "shedding" in August So, in buying very South, I would ad- years 'ago such clouds of grasshoppers hood, I will endeavor to give the ,
will be descended the Western States readers of the FLORIDA FARMER
ready to begin laying in vise you to deal with an old advertised :- upon AND
November-three months being the and Territories that in Utah the food i FRUIT GROWER the results of my experience -
breeder, if possible and if
allotted time for recuperation. Should don't know him, ask him in all kindness you- supply was threatened with entire destruction I on the above.questions.
hens not finish -"feathering out" if he really knows his stock to but at the moment of greatest 'I. As to the most desirable hive
process before the biting weather sets, be good in breeding and individual peril: large'flocks of beautiful snow- for the masses, I unhesitatingly .pronounce
in, there .is a strong probability of,,sterility merit, and up to the requirements of white gulls appeared, coming from no the standard, two story, ten-'
during the winter. An old hen fine birds of that breed? one knew where, and devoured the frame Langstroth hive, as unquestionably ,
will begin to moult sooner than a pul- With these precautions, you will grasshoppers 'almost without ceasing, the best hive for the average bee

let, beginning, as they do, at the elev- seldom get swindled, and of course, so that the crops were saved, and the keeper.
enth month after the last moulting, Salt Lake prophets solemnly declared There is no better hive than this
with its advantages, it is best to buy
which cause them to begin a month South. think I have been badly that the Lord had sent these beautiful for the harvesting of a crop :.of ex-

earlier every year. For example, the swindled but once by an old adver- winged messengers to save His chosen tracted honey in the South, and by
hens which begun the moulting process. tised Southern breeder. Then I was people. All these facts, which 'have removing the two outside combs., and
in August last year will begin in Julyof burned out of over forty dollars for been printed over and over again, are substituting "dummies" in their
this year. worthy of republication, and should be places it makes an admirable hive for
which I got trash. So, with a little '
During the moulting season extra care, the South is the best place to borne in mind by thoughtful people in comb honey.,
care should be given poultry. At no buy when can find what every community, and 'steps taken to Right 'here I wish to say, that one
time does a flock of poultry present a want. Understand you would you not check as much as possible the total of the most vital and important items
us we
extinction of these valuable allies of about the 'make of a bee hive is
more sorry appearance, and we pre- (for up a
once anything against beginners
sume they feel as uncomfortable want say to them all man. At best, birds-song birds es perfectly water tight, non warpablecover.
; encourage little food and Of the dozen or vari-
they appear. While nature is renew- for all pecially-afford very more
we can, we were beginnersonce
ing the outward covering an extra but in their wanton destruction for "sport" ously designed covers, notwithstanding .
they must use care buy-
drain is made upon the constitution.Then ing their brood stock, and their cus- alone is a crime against nature, which the claims of their manufacturers,
if ever, ample provision shouldbe tomers should use a little caution and nature repays'by the infliction of count- I have not found one to equal or give
made"f for them. Nitrogenous foodsshould that what less myriads of insect foes, renderingin the satisfaction which the "Improved
see they are getting they
be supplied-bone meal, meat I, for.-Southern Farm Gazette. pay vain the painful labor of the agri-- Ventilated Gable Cover,"" manufac-
scraps, grain, etc., while free access ...* culturist.-Humane World. tured and sent out by the A. I. Root
should be had to clover, grass, seeds, Why Kill Birds? Company, does. This cover is all
etc. Give a combination of food that The so called open season for"sports- The borers are playing havoc with that could be asked for to meet the
will supply strength and plumage. men" is close at hand, and a timely the old trunks of the orange trees. demands of a climate like that of
There.is'' no danger of fattening, as the warning against the danger of the ex- The writer has found by experimenting Florida.
greater part of the nourishment goes termination of birds is in order. Thisis that a thorough application of The one great drawback to many
toward feather formation. Ohio given in a very clever essay lately whitewash is an effective remedy. otherwise good covers is the great
Farmer. published by F. LeRoy Homer, of Orlando Sentinel. tendency to warp, wind and twist un-





-, -
der the influence of our hot summer will warrant.
sun and"'cool, damp nights.' This', This hive is especially adapted for I ''j1 .i
warping and twisting soon" leaves the production of comb-honey, and it .
cracks and crevices for insects and is-claimed by the manipulators of the 1 -
"robber bees" to, enter, to say noth- two "brood sections" of the hive that !$>

ing of the rain and weather entering.The very large quantities of bees can be .
result is the bees are irritable and reared when they are required for the I '

cross, are frequently overpowered and harvest; and in seasons when they ,
driven out. Moths get possession and would become consumers instead of .
soon destroy the combs, and the hives producers the production of bees can I -- I II
from rain and moisture entering go to be controled to a.minimum. Remedy for the treat-
ment of
decay. Therefore T think it of vital I have had many of these hives in .

importance to have a tight, waterproof use for a greater or less length of time, EXHAUSTION
cover'for the successful manip- and, though well aware of its advan- ,
ulation and care of the inmates of the tages, I could not advise it for all, as ( Aggravated forms of
it has disadvantages.
hive.For four orfive,, .years there has beena Another hive used by prominent Palpitation of. the Heart

good deal of '"push" expended in beekeepers in. the State-among them --
placing the merits and advantages of O..O. Poppleton and Prof. G. W. Webster '
after eating ? Are
the eight-frame; hive, not only before both quite extensive honey pro sour and excited:? Do
the beekeepers of the North, .but all ducers, 'of Volusia county-is the morning tired and un-
over the United States. "Long Idea" hive, a hive having the a bad taste in the
I have used several hundred of these frames all in one story. The size varies -
eight frame hives and sold many more from sixteen to thirty combs to a \ cloudy sensation, at-
I feelings) in the
and though with me they have given hive. It has its advantages, though
satisfaction under special management only for the production of extracted : and restless ?
experience has taught me that honey,being quite unsuitable for comb thump and cause you
the ten-frame' hive is better suited'to honey production, as it is not adaptedto after climbing a flight
the of beekeepers and the tiering principle.
general masses -up
.vou to lie on the left
much more desirable.In I have had some fifty of these Long

the use of the eight-frame hive in Idea" hives in ,use one year. They are I memory, dimness .
the, production of extracted honey I made for the regular "Standard ,Lang of mind and gloomy'

have found the best results derived stroth" frame, and the caps are six,
from running the hives three'' tiers inches deep, to allow of placing a sin- mean that you are
Dyspepsia and Nervous
high,. extracting at, suitable, intervals gle tier of sections for combhoneyover
.(according to the rapidity of the the frames, should I at any time remedy extant that
honey flow) from the top story, and desire to run them for comb honey. for this class of, trou-
when replacing the case of empty Otherwise a sheet of enamel cloth is '
combs to 'raise what was previouslythe placed over the frames, and the space in
second story, placing' it on top the cap acts as a ventilator for air to .
and the case of empty combs under- pass over .and keep the bees below. .i COMPOUND: .
neath the partly full cases that you '
cool.An :
now put on top. Thus 'you will always item in connection with hives, river.'S resisted
the usual
have the .ripest honey on top to not to be forgotten, is, all hives shouldbe we are particularly
come off next. well painted with two good coats of yon give this compound
In the use of the'eight.Cr rri' hiveI white or other light-colored paint.
have always found it desirable to Never paint them a dark color; it relief in every case and

use a perforated zinc, queen-excluding draws and absorbs the heat, in ; to your the money most should I
confine the of it and the produce grat.
honey-board to queen to place reflecting, resulting
the lower story of the'hive, otherwise consequence is that colonies in hives that the appellation
you will have "brood" scattered all painted dark and set out in the sun does not apply to
through the whole hive, hindering in will some warm day have their combs Compound.
the rapid harvesting of the crop of melt down, and the bees will be smoth put up by a leading
honey. ered.I has made stomach and,
For comb honey an eightframehive have never seen the weather so a specialty and for years.
is quite satisfactory during the hot that it was detrimental for bees to earnestly
to write us for the
harvest,'but.it is quite'apt to get shortof stand out in the sun the year round in CARBO DIGES-
stores before and after the harvests, Florida, provided the hives were painted ), which we will mail
and unless prompt .attention is given white, and there was a free circu- that they may satisfy
by the apiarist some colonies are very lation of air where the apiary was. harmless character and
liable to swarm out from lack. of A. F. BROWN. :
stores to maintain life or carryon San Mateo, Fla. 'Compound .

brood rearing. Again, the bees in (To be Continued.. ) remedy that
the eight frame hives are much more It has succeeded
Sense and Sentiment.
inclined to swarm during the honey remedies' have failed.

harvest (just the time of all others we Affliction comes to us all, not to to everywhere.address$1.00 in
we don't want them) owing to the make us sad, but sober; not to makeus of price.any .
cramped quarters, which does not sorrowful, but wise; not to make us that we cheerfully refund
show itself so much in the ten-frame despondent, but by its darkness to refresh are not satisfacto ,
hive.Thus us, as the night refreshes the if your druggist does

all things considered, ,I be- day; not to impoverish, but to enrichus .
lieve in the ten-frame hive for the average as the plow enriches the field; to to

beekeeper. multiply our joy; as the seed, by plant- MFG. CO. ;
For the specialist there are several ing, is multiplied a thousand fold.- KAS. ,

hives that offer special attractions for Beecher.We Kirk & Co., Main and For- '
obtaining certain results, somewhat ina are always doing each other in. .

wholesale way, so to speak. justice, and thinking better or worse
Among these is:the "sectional l hive" of each other than we deserve, be- ETC., FREE;
having stationary frames about half cause we only hear and see separate
the depth of our Standard Langstroth words and actions. We don't see : and Cotton get by States return and mail Interna a beau' -

frame. Two of these sections, or each other's whole nature.-George postage prepaid, and your
printed in the Atlanta Journ
"half depth stowers," as they:are often Eliot. ''Mail Order Directory"
called, are intended for the "brood You can't dream yourself into a and hundreds of mail
send you sample books,
apartment," and then as many cases character. You must hammer and .
tiered on top as the, surplus honey.flow I forge one for yourself.-Froude. I I I ,of COMMENCE Atlanta, Oa.,


r. ____ --- -: ;" '--- ,",- '. "F..' "
'"' .. '



Home self She is a slave to habit a drudge the eyes of another. To those who Sunshine and smiles, music and flowers : .
Our Rural without knowing it. She goes throughthe know what an affliction this is, this will all the brightest and gayest will

Edited by MINNIE ,GILMORE MILLS, daily round of arduous "duties"for be saddening news. Though I have greet and;l attend her, on the festive

..'_ St._Thomas_Fla._ _ years; and only when health gives never seen his face, "thfc picture inI I day, as it is meet they should for it
-"::..- - - - - way, and strength of intellect, per- my mind's eye," tells me a gentleness should be the,happiest of her life; and
'Is it Her Duty? haps, follows, does she realize that it and submission to Him "who with the blessing of God, will be.

One page in the Housekeepers' has been her own fault, the most of it;. doeth all.things well." It is hard to be Yes, we mothers must wreath: our
Catechism ought'to run as follows: that she could have saved herself,' shut in from the blessed light of day, faces in,smiles as we give to another'scare
,Is it her* duty to keep the house that an hour's rest each day, taken as the flowers, the fields, faces of the and keeping the "little girl""we
neat and clean at' the expense of her regularly as she has taken her break- friends we love, but mental and have so tenderly loved. How ten-

bodily strength? fast, might have saved her. And in spiritual darkness would be worse, my derly, even passionatsly, we have
It is not; that one restful hour,what new visions friend. loved them, we do not ourselves know,
Is'it her duty to keep everything in' might have been hers An hour Two other old contributors also until the sunshine of their presence is i
order at the expense of her mental Count them up, women who work and have been' heard from who promise gone, and they return no more to the

and spiritual health ? worry, as we all must more or less. something for Our Rural Home, very mother-nest.-Ed. O. R. H.
It is not.Orjgnoring. What an array of figures they would soon. ED. O. R. H. a-i
the mental and moral make at the end of a year! How Cheap 'Fire Proof Paint. ,
welfare of her family? i many years added to a lifetime of'usefulness Becoming' Bonnet. A correspondent of the New York

It is not. and how much more precious, The value of a becoming bonnet "World" 'gives the following recipe
: Ort ignoring altogether. her relations too, these added hours might be made cannot be calculated, writes Isabel A. fora roof paint which he claims to be
I ',to society? for the dear ones around us than.those Mallon in the Ladies' Home Journal. fire proof; cheap and desirable: -,
It is not. we spend with broom and brush? All One's gown may be simple, may have "Slack stone lime by putting it intoa
Our houses are but the residence,of this will be forgotten; the nicelykeptroom been made over a number of times, tub, to be covered to keep in the
the'body for the limited time we stayon the well-set table will not survive may, indeed, be almost shabby, but if steam. When slacked pass,the pow-
earth. Why should it be considered .in memory long after we are gone, the bonnet'' is becoming. all else is for der through.a),fine seive, and to each
the"chief end" of women to and some one else does the work we gotten. six quarts'of it add one quart of rock _
keep the tenement in spick,and span would not entrust to others or leave One's bonnet has much to do with salt and water one gallon; then 'boil
neatness, or to have the good man's undone. But sympathetic words, bringing out the.virtues or otherwise, and skim clean. To each five gallonsof
dinner* the table precisely at noon of one's and hair but this add 'alum 'one
on loving smiles, good, wholesome ad- not OIly, eyes pulverized
or the children's' frocks washed on vice given lovingly, will live in memory of one's skin and the shape of one's pound, pulverized copperas one-half:
Monday and ironed on Tuesday? forever. Let us emancipate- head. The round-faced, plum '" beauty pound, and still slowly add powdered
Yet there are women so firmly selves from this household drudgery; must give up her tie; unless they are potash, three-qarters of a pound; then
wedded to rubbing and l scrubbingthat and make ourselves more attractive to of the narrowest and looped with so fine sand or hickory ashes, ,' four
they honestly believe their whole our families while we care for their much care that the idea of framingthe pounds. Now add any .desired'color
.is house and cook their is If and with brush., In opinion
duty to keep ; more necessary wants. It may be a full moon not suggested. apply a my -
first and highest, to have a cleaner hard lesson, one not learned in a her face is slender (politeness gives this looks better than paint, and is
and,neater house (not always' home week, but for our own good and theirsit that name to thinness,) then there as durable as, slate. It stops small
-mo .e's the pity,) than their neigh- should be learned. must be a soft, full framing and broad leaks in ,roofs, prevents moss and
bors. MINNIE G. MILLS.P. loops that will tone down all angles. makes it incombustible.

It is, premised that husband and S.-Now, sisters, don't imagineme She who is sallow must admire rose, .
wife are one,,so I would,have nothingon ready for the'platform, reform, pale blue, and heliotrope on other : A Comfortable* Corset.t *..
this particular page of my cate- further than I have intimated. By women, choosing golden brown, that A woman should.not be uncomfortable -
chism concerning her duty to her drudgery" I mean that simply, not most charitable _of tones, deep crimson in her corset, and she will not be,
other half. reasonable labor. and if a light evening color is required if she selects them with care and has
When a woman sacrifices her physical .Hfr-4 a delicate shrimp to make the them: perfectly, fitted. A very light;
comfort to her sense of duty it yellow of her skin white. string should ,be used for the lacing;
ought to be held sufficient, except in Among Our Home Folks. The pale 'woman chooses rose, dark silk, if you can afford it, for unless the

great emergencies, that sometimes Our circle will all be sorry to know blue, all reds, dark green, glowing lacings are quite flat they leave their,
arise, and must be confronted by all that .the shadow of a great grief has purple and black to gain color, while imprint on the'back of the thin bodice
the concentrated forces of body and fallen across "Aunt Fanny's" path, in she of the rosy cheeks selects pale by a tracery against the crossed strings,
soul. ". Of these exceptional times and the death of one only and belovedson blue, .heliotrope, olive, cream white of all the dust and grime on car and
cases, I am not now speaking. who was taken away in the prime and crimson, if she wishes them not carriage seats, chair backs, etc. If
Her health of body, peace,of mind, and pride of noble manhood. "One to., look like roses. If your eyes are you must have a thin corset, the pon-
or spiritual strength should not be touch of nature makes the whole dull do' not make them appear moreso gee silk corset isn't so very bad, but
expended on the daily routine of world kin," it is often said. An only ,,by putting sparkling jet or brilliant you will have to wear a double corset
housekeeping. Its cares are a weari- child, and his mother a widow Des- rhinestones near them. cover with it, as it will show dirty

, ness to the flesh; but with a cheerful olate, indeed, is the home from which white through a thin frock.-Our:
spirit, "a sound mind in a sound the husband, father, and the only The Fairest Flower. Grange Homes.
body," she can go through,them from child of his mother, is borne; and For Our Rural Home: 'S 4
day to day, her soul uplifted beyond many a sympathizing tear will fall, Of flowers you tell me to write. In HOW'S THIS? .
, the anxieties and burdens of this life, many a prayer for consolation for the my mind to day there is but one We offer One Hundred Dollars rewardfor I
I relying above all upon Him who has bereaved ones, ascend to heaven, flower, the fairest of the fair to me, tall any case of Catarrh that cannot be I
slender it stands in its dig- cured by Hall's Catarrh Cure.F. .
from hearts who knew and loved and gentle
said He will be "a very present helpin even J. CHENEY & CO., Toledo, O.
time of need." "Aunt Fauny" only through the me- nity, with its blossom face, a queen i
Few men indeed are those who, are' dium of her pen. "It is well with among girls, my own baby girl grownto We, the undersigned have known F.J. I
and believe
for the last 15
she writes in sweet sub- woman's estate; my own little girl Cheney years,
thoughtless or vindictive enough to the him perfectly honorable in all business
deprive a woman of health or the enjoyment mission to Him who holds the chas that has been more to me than most transactions and financially able to ,carryout
of life, for the gratification' tening rod. girls"'are to their mother, child sister any obligations made by their firm.
of selfishness, either in caring for The letter received was a private and friend, in one. Can it be you WEST & TRUAX, Wholesale Druggists, !
their one-how I would like to give it to look towards a home of your own, Toledo, O. 1
their daily or
Our Home Folks-breathing the where you will reign queen? But how
home s pleasant for them. There are Druggists, Toledo, O. ;
I confess .I have seen them, spirit of love and trust, even in deso- can we spare thee, how stay in the old ,I
some, Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken internally,
make fires lation and darkness, and saying : home if our sweet songster leaves to
who allow;; : their wives, to acting directly upon the blood and mucous
scrub' floors, cook and bake, taking "Thy will, not mine, be done." build, a home-nest for its own? But surfaces of the system. Testimonials -
their own ease, meanwhile. Theyare It seems, sometimes, that this is a such is life. We went out and left sent free. Price 75c. per bottle.
the the old home desolate and so she, Sold all Druggists.
the exceptions, not the rule; world full of shadows, where by
j and I'd like to just whisper a brights are but few and far between. too, will do, and it is right, but the
Another correspondent writes: "I leaving will cause many a heartachethat
little advice into their ears, ATLANTA WOMAN'S COLLEGE[
! sub rosa. If whispering wouldn't do, I wish I could see the faces of our con. she will know not of, until she is ,'
!! might shout it from the housetops, for tributors, and know if the picture in called to give a cherished daughter to ATLANTA, GEORGIA.
I mind's from their writings the chosen one. D. W. TWIN, LL. D"I j Co-President..
within the
the "old Adam" grows strong eye, W. II. SEALS, A.M., \
, accords with the real one." A cheerful And so the wedding bells will ringa
when I such husbands. of able instructors in all
me see Assisted by a full corps i
However the chief factor in the letter, yet a physical calamity has merry chime, and-the fairest flowerin departments. The scientific method of instruction j
curtain of before his the "rosebud garden of girls" be pun ued. Ample accommodations for boarding i
business, when woman is robbed of spread the night pupils. Session begin Sept. 4th. AddrcM
all the enjoyment in this life, is here.,vision, and he must see only through given to grace the bower of another. above, or NAT T. SEALS, Business Mgr.r. .


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'\\'f' /




The Pensacola News" on Freight shipped North at a. rate of speed Do the Railroads Know It? ",

Florida, Farmer and Fruit Grower. Rates.It (twenty miles an hour) twice as greatas THE FARMER AND FRUITGROWERdoes "

: I is generally conceded that when that given to the Northern produce not pretend, and never 'has pretended -
one of two debaters'begins to call his South. The News thisis
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION coming says that it lies within the power of

For One Year .............................82.00 antagonist names and to seek to bringhis "puerile'and insincere," which is a the initial line on the Florida end alone
For Six Months.......... ............. ..... i.ooIn argument into contempt, that he somewhat, inconsistent since
Foreign Countries ....................... 3.00 charge, dither to raise or to lower the transpor-
worsted. The 'Pensa
Subscriptions in all cases cash in feels himself boys are generally sincere. tation charges. This journal has no,
advance.) No discount allowed on one's cola News" refers to our article in reply The News then mentions heavy quarrel with one railroad more than''I'

own subscription( cash commission in a club), but will to to itself on the subject of freight slow freight trains coming South, another. They any stand or fall together, '
all agents a liberal it
he allowed on all subscriptions obtainedby rates as "pettifogging" ; pronounces sometimes consuming "ten, twentyor and in that lies their wisdom and,their
various and insincere"
them. Write for terms. arguments more days between the western power, while the growers' name i is

To every new subscriber we will send, ; and winds up by exclaiming, place of shipment and the destinationin Legion, and all their conventions, ,

postpaid, a copy of Whitner's "Gardening "How much nobler it would have the South," and adds "comparethis their whereases and their resolutionsare i
in Florida." For two new sub- been for THE FARMER AND FRUIT-
with the arrival l
by express of sand. And the of
each, will send, a rope pity
scribers, at $2.00 we GROWER to concede the weight of .theNews'
postpaid, a, copy of Moore's "Orange contentions than to trains, of Florida fruits'and vegetables it is, the railroads know it. j
Culture." attempt in Northern markets on the third or But there is one thing they do not

Rates of advertising on application. such a refutation of them as this 1" fourth day after shipment 1" know. We do not believe to-<1a1'

Remittances should be made,by check, We wrote : "It is true that Northern We beg to remind the News that that the of the railroads
postal note. money order or registered potatoes and vegetables are grown the is not between
controversy ex- stretching between Florida and the
letter to order of i
in immensely greater quantities than trains and trains all
freight at
FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER press Northern markets have any adequate
they are in Florida; but it is not true but between trains '
Jacksonville, Fla. freight exclusively.If conception of the tragic situation ,whichconfronts
that more of them are shipped into the editor of the News wishes to most of our Said
growers. :
t Florida than are shipped out. institute a comparison between ex- Herr Jacob! to Frederic William of ;
CONTENTS.The To this the "News" replies :
press charges and freight charges he Prussia, in 1848, "' It is the misfortuneof
"The News did not make such
LeConte Pear-What the Northern People any can be accommodated. Take straw Kings that they cannot hear the

Think of It .....:..... .............. 595 assertion." berries, for instance, which pay $2.58a I truth.".
More About the LeConte; Burning Pear What the News did assert was this: bushel to New York by ((64

.... ..... ......., express These are astute businessmen
Blight Spores........ ... 596 "The Florida potatoes and other early cents additional for refrigeration, mak managers
Rough Lemon as a Stock; A Grower's Experience are of and they build no railroad with
vegetable crops parts crops in all. Take
ing $3.20 ) peaches,
; A Ccld Storage Cave; Hart'sLate out*of season in smaller out having first made a "traffic survey" -
Orange in California;The All Round grown quan- which cost $2.55 per 100 pounds from
that of their civil
searching as
tities for smaller trade
Liar; Hogs and Tourists; To Make Good a etc. Jacksonville to New York by express.

Coffee .....t....,..... .'......,.t..!'........ 597 Now, what pertinence does the Now, in conclusion, we will make engineers. These traffic surveyors note
Joiut Grasses-Counterblast, From Major phrase "in smaller quantities" have at I the Pensacola News this carefully the houses and barns, the

Campbell, Soils for Tobacco I .............. 598. all if it does not refer to the ship If the editor will proposition from : growing crops and the cows and
POULTRY-Moulting; Where to Buy Poultry; procure any horses the orchards the and
What did the News wish its wagons
Why Kill Birds.........."...... .......... 599 ments ? railroad functionary of Florida, of or the roads
readers to understand by the phrase? the pleasure carriages on, ,
APIARY-Apicultural Items-Choice of a Hive 599 above the rank of general freight
STATE ................... 600 Manifestly it wished them to under agent, a written statement under his and they make their reports on these.;
OUR RURAL HOME-Is it her Duty? AmongOur stand, as a reason for higher chargeson that But these managers did not see last.
own signature, asserting ordinary
Home Folks A Becoming Bonnet the watermelons slung along-
: ; the Florida stuff, that it was not ventilated used in summer '
The Fairest Flower; Cheap Fire ,Proof freight or cars, the railroads for mile, out of Jack.
in is
shipped ,as large quantities as the ar
Paint; A Comfortable Corset...... ...... 6r transporting Florida'potatoes or vegetables
sonville corrupting the atmosphere.
Northern stuff. Considered ,
merely ,
EDITORIAL-Not One Is! Dead; The Pnsa- northward, are run twice as
with reference the of They did not see the hundreds of car
cola Rates Informationon to amount
News on Freight ; pro- fast North
on an average, going as
Bee-Keeping. ; Do the Railroads'Know duce grown, the crops of Florida have loads of vegetables and melons carriedout

,it?:;..............."..,..-.... '....... 6c2 no more bearing on this discussion than they are when to bringing Florida the and same further-linesof of the markets in New Yorkand,,
Broom 'Corn at $too per Acre; Markets; produce ; dumped the thousands of car-loads
Pineapple Champagne .... ..... .... ,603 have the crops Qf Brazil. more, that it costs twice as much, ,
rottin in the fields of,Florida.
The News in its first article asserted g
Growers Must Organize; Science for Young with specifications,to handle a Florida
Farmers;;Weather and Crops .. .... .... 605 that the Florida potatoes and other or vegetable train going Northas These managers are, no doubt, pain-

Weevil .... ........................ .... ..... 606 early vegetable crops require "cars especially potato it does to handle a train bringingthe fully aware of the tremendous deficien-

.. ..-- constructed at unusual ex same produce South, and will cies in their own revenues on accountof
But'.in its second article, referring the that were missing last
Weather in Jacksonville. pense. publish this letter or send it to us by oranges

Week Ending Sept. 15, 1895DATE. to us, it adopts our phrase and mail we will publish it in full, con. winter, and.the vegetables that will be
says "If only a 'small percentage' of missing 'next twinter. But they still
...' spicuously, with or without the signature .
a a H. bO -..._ Florida fruits and vegetables are trans- as he may elect. have left the phosphate; they have the

cd P. M=a i4 =V a H ported in costly cars, the position of Will the News do it ? lumber and the cotton; they have the
00 XI
-- -< - the News is sustained pro tanto" tourist travel and the south bound
Sept. 10 ..,:77 77 88 75 13 82 .21 .
Well then does the But doubt-
Sept. II.'.........6 76 M 73 II 78 1 06Sept. transportationof freightage. they forget,
12..... ...76 79 90 7* 80 "small less that the if'
19 oSept. a percentage" (we wrote Information growers, they cannot
.. on
...... 76 : 71 21 Sz Bee-Keeping.
9 I41
Sept. ......... 77 94 73 [ 84 .<'4 "very small percentage") in costlycars ship with profit their, fruit and vegeta-.
Sept. 15 ...80 78 8r> 72 I 79 .10 double It is a source of satisfaction to us
to justify a charge on Florida bles, have nothing left out of which
Sept. 16....... ...79 74 86 73 78 0 to announce that we have secured a
- they can make a little The
Mean........78 77 83 73 16 80 + 254 As to the "arbitrary" which we promise from Mr. A. F. Brown, of San frost frosts a cucumber money.worse than it

T. Trace. stated is granted to the initial line of Mateo, one of the best known ,apiculturists it does an iron rail.
"Total rainfall. of Florida,to furnish us a seriesof
road in addition to its proportion of
A. MITCHELL, Observer. Florida is purely agricultural State;
articles his
on .specialty, such as
.. .. the regular charge the "News" says : with the exception of lumber she has
; ""Further investigation will doubtless would be asked for by a beginner.The .
Not One is Dead.It first one appears in our columns practically nothing but her raw prod-
inform the FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER Communities
ucts. out
issheer. : presumption, any: man that what is so termed is really today. At a time like this, when an products are proverbially turning handi-onlyraw

to assert'that free'is dead that the orange-grower (that was) can sell near-
any orange portion of through rate so fixedby capped with poverty; agriculture could
root and branch until he digs down a all the lines interested, which is by ly $1,000 worth of honey as his year's not have spread in Florida at all if it

: foot or mote out, gets hold of a root such agreement assigned as the pro. crop-as one of our subscribers did was not that these raw products .are

underground, scrapes,the:bark with his portion to which the initial line shall lately-he is a man whom"outrageousfortune" generally early, and therefore com

knife and tastes and smells it.' If be entitled.:" cannot harm. mand prices above the average. But
: the tree was alive and healthy before Well, now, what difference does it 1. the producers in Pennsylvania have to

the,freeze: the roots' are alive yet. make practically whether the initial Florida cattle are being shippedinto go only a hundred miles to find a mar-

The editor 'of this paper had 250 line establishes the "arbitrary" and Mississippi to be fed on cotton ket, while those of Florida go a thous.

bearing' trees. Not one of them has the other lines agree to it, or all the seed meal and hulls this winter for and, which largely cancels the advan-

.' thrown up sprouts eighteen inches lines establish it in joint session ? The Northern markets. This is due to theI I tages of this earliness. Yet the pro-

high, not more than a. dozen have only consideration worth a pin's fee fact that the feeders cannot find suita- ducers here are charged twice the

sprouted at all, but not one of them is with serious men is that the initial ble stock at home at fair prices and rates for transportation that are paid .

" dead. They are too far north; we line receives it and the growers: PlY in sufficient numbers, and cannot buy by the producers in the populous and

r'. would not turn a hand over to restore it-if they ship anything.For them as formerly in Texas. If Mississippi rich manufacturing communities of the

them. But if we had a lot of good the sake of argument, merely farmers can afford to do this North. .

stumps in the right latitude we would for convenience in adopting the fig- how much more could Florida farmersafford .

fight hard for them; they will he good ures of the Railroad Catechism, we to do it with a market close at We are always glad: to send speci-

property shortly. supposed the Florida produce to be hand in our great hotels. men copies to addresses given. I

I -



'' ft


I I: From New York to Tampa a moral Markets. THE .

wave seems to be spreading over the

country in the ''interest of temperance WWWwW FIRST NATIONAL BANK OF FLORIDA

and Sabbath observance. Let all law- JACKSONVILLE, FLA., Sept. 20. ,

abiding citizens give it encouragement FRUITS AND PRODUCE. J'AQKSONVI LE.
--.* .- Corrected by Marx Bros.
The Oldest National Bank in the State.
THE TIDE HAS TURNED OUR WAY. These are average quotations. Extra choice
Michigan;: capitalists have organizeda lots lots fetch sell lower.prices above top quotations, while poor CHARTERED; 1874. CHARTER EXTENDED, 1894.By .

new: colony in the neighborhood of Grapes per crate.i. to 1.00 conservative, yet liberal methods, this bank has achieved the highest reputation for solidity,
Fears., LeConte per 2 oo strength and ability to meet all legitimate demands.We .
; Lake Jackson, in DeSoto county. Kieffer ." ,. 1.25101.75 buy and sell foreign and domestic exchange on the most favorable terms, drawing our own
The land is in the Kissimmee valley Apples, to 3.00 drafts on all parts of the world. <
:, Peaches, 1.00101.25 We invite a visit or correspondence, looking toward business relations,. assuring you that your
divided into ten-acre tracts. English Peas bu..... .__.. 1.60 favors shall at all times receive intelligent and careful attention.

..... "}. Peanuts best.brand..... ............... 4 to 3.50 5 JAMES M. SCHUMACHER, R. C. COOLEY .
Like all other. .articles of food produced Cabbage. N. Y each.. to .08 President. Cashier.
Potatoes, New 2.00t02.15
'in Florida corn has 'experienced .. 'racks i go Safe Boxes For Rent
Onions, bbl.......... ........... 2.25 Deposit
disturbing influences of last ." Spanish, crates......... .... 125
winter's cataclysm and the price is Eggs..........-...._. .18
wholly,unsettled. In some places it VEGETABLES AND POULTRY. ,;"

is:,selling as l low as thirty cents; in .J .Corrected. by Davis & Robinson.Yellow B y buying only FERTILIZERS "
others to sixty. Now is a good Yams, to .50
1 up
Sweet Potatoes, .4010 50 With a PURE BONE BASIS, .,
time for feeders to and hold Hubbard .
buy cheap squash 1.00
E iirich Land and Yourselves
Lettuce, doz. your
: for feeding for beef this winter. Celery, Kalamazoo.... .....,.._....:. 40 to 50 E .
I ggp'lants. bbl. ncourage every one you may
: Tomatoes, crates .....................2.0010250 use
K to DHRMNG'S because
I We have received the new cata- Sweet Pepper, bu .. .................... 1.00 nov FERTILIZERS, they are
Okra, bu, ..... .......................i.oo to 1,25 S afe and Reliable to for
logue of Fruitland Nurseries, at Au- Green Beans ..........................i.75102.00 use
.Berckm Peas, none................ .... A
Ga. of which Mr. P.]. Crop, making a Strong StockyG
gusta, Turnips, bunch..................... .0310.06 ny ,
ns is the well known and popular Pumpkins, each...................... .05 to .ic and sweet, juicy vegetables and fruits that are
Kershaws, each..; ....... ......... 05 to .10
proprietor. By a careful inspectionthe Parsley,per doz.bunches........... 30 to .40 E ngagetl ahead by those Merchants who do
fact is plainly visible that the Green onions,per doz. bunches....... .15 to .25
Pepper,hot bushel,................... .75 N ot want only the very best Fruits and Vegetables.. _
Fruitland: Nurseries are becomingmore Sage well cured Ib..................... .loto. 15 T ake time and write at the
and the Lima Beans, shelled; qt, ...... ....... ..1210.15Hens once to
extensive every year ........_-............................ 30 to .35
stock, of which a great deal is, adaptedto Roosters.................f_._.... .25 "
is of order of Broilers........................... ..... .12. to .25 .L. B. DARLING FERTILIZER COMPANY, .
Florida, a high ex- Turkeys,'per pound,gross......._... .11 ;
cellence. Ducks.'.'..................._.. ........... .25 to 30 Jacksonville Florida.
...... Geese." .......................... .35 to 50 ,
---- -- .................
New Beets, per 100 none .50 to i.oo .
The cheapest and most effective Water Cress, per doz. none........... and obtain their Special Low Prices to, meet the times u/. .
Cauliflower doz. none:............... .7510200Melons
I remedy for weevils is bi-sulphide of noneCnnteloupeR. ........................ for Cash With Order.CHOICE.
carbon. Place the seed in a tight bbl..... ............... 2.00 ,
.. ......
Leeks per doz bunches.... .. .25
i barrel, or box, which should 'not be Corn, doz .......... ........... ... .15 to .25 A. T To. 1
Scuppernongs, bu.... ..... .......... otol.00
quite full; on top'of the seed place" a Radishes per doz.................... .25 -I
saucer, contgining three or four table .
spoonfuls of the bi-sulphide and cover Florida Grown Orange TreesGrape
I tightly.. It will vaporize quickly and Pineapple Champagne.

: kill every grub or beetle. The covered An "Advocate" representative visited -

l box or barrel should stand twenty- the laboratory of Captain T. E. : : SM4. i

four hours. Do not approach it witha Richards, of,Eden, one day last week,

light as the vapor is explosive. and was surprised at,the magnitude of Grape Fruit, Lemon and Seedless Grape Fruit. Y
the Captain's operations. He has been
Denmark now supplies Great Brit- conducting his experiments for the All trees grown on stock in Florida that was not injured by the freeze. Buds from 3 to 6 feet
and well Also choice Abbaka and Golden Queen Pineapple suckers, to 20 inches.
straight grown. 15
ian with almost half the butter it imports past eight years: and has finally erecteda Satisfaction guaranteed. Correspondence solicited, or call on
the amount being 70,000,000 large building for the purpose, in
pounds annually. It also ranks next to which he has a vast amount of the GEO. WRIGHT. f

the United States in supplying Eng manufactured product undergoing the ORLANDO, a FLA.

land with pork. Besides sending 80- ageing'process.He .

000,000 pounds of bacon to Englandlast not only manufacture. now

year, it sent more than 100,000 famous pineapple digestor, which is THE INDIAN RIVER BERRY .

live hogs. The country exports annu known to the medical profession nnder
ally' 100,000 head of live cattle, 14,000 the name of'.Pinapin," but also makesan A Native SeelIlngTnlcn( From Nature.)

horses, and sends to the English mar- extremely refreshing beverage ,....::. .

kets 160,000,000 eggs. It seems known as pineapple champagne. Our o ,
strange to learn that Denmark sends representative and party sampled it. It

eggs to this country,.and stranger still is not of sufficient age yet to be called 1LQ

that it sends us a large amount of vegetables champagne, but it is a delicious foam-

Still Denmark is smaller than ing beverage with the pineapple flavor, r1
some of our counties, and its population and in its present condition might be ,

is only 2,250,000. This shows classed about half way between good .1

what an industrious and intelligent pineapple cider and champagne.

people can do. Captain Richards says it will take

_--4.,,_, about two years for this beverage to ,
Broom Corn at $100 Per Ton. become properly aged. He also man- -

Colman's Rural World, of St. Louis, ufactures a tonic known as Bromo-.

has the following item about broomcorn line," and those of the party' who visited -

in Illinois: his laboratory last week can testifyto I

"Broom corn cutting began in Illi- its wonderful effects. '

nois today, August i2th. Coles county The Captain is also making an ex- ,Mi

in a seasonable year, produces fully cellent fluid extract of eucalyptus.-
one-half of the crop grown in Central Indian[ River Advocate. +

Illinois, of what is known as the 4
"Broom Corn Belt." This year's crop -
promises to be one of the largest ever The quarantine patrol steamer"Germ"
There is yet a great quantityof traveled 597 miles during the
grown. month of in cruising and Finest varieties of acclimated Strawberry Plants. Send
old brush on hand, which will make July up
the price low. Last year it sold for down the west coast of the State; con- for catalogue to JOHN B. 'BEACH
sixteen and a half tons of ,
be suming
I Growers glad to
$ioo a ton. may
coal.-Floridian. INDIAN RIV IU12 I3 RI e. JVtoJLX>otJ :rxxe F'1.
get $50 this year. .

""", ,,,,...,...,, "" ....., ;:.-. .. .-""'/:" '""," ,.. -. ,... -- -.,. .. ..
., ... ...: .. "
;t. .
't I ,:' :'. : 'a,1' "."
: : .,; ,. r-----------_ -'" --. -_,- .- .'_' .
: I
... '




..' ,

Growers Must Organize. A.-Of organic and inorganic mat- Q.:-What,soils} are most easily keptin .C"'>- .o. r '<..: 0I
ter. \ fertile condition ? ?

The committee appointed at a meeting Q.-From what is organic matter A.-Those with a clay subsoil. I FERTILIZEECONOMICALLY

of vegetable growers of Lake derived '- S ji jiy
? + Q.-What is the most important
county to invite: growers of ,other A.-From the decay of animal and quality of clay? PROFITABLY. AND EFfECTIVELY VA "
counties in the State to participate ina BY THE USE
still more of vegetable substances. A.-Its of absorbing plant '
general convention to be held in I' i NITRATE (SODA
Q.-From what is inorganic mat- foods, such as phosphoric acid, potash,
has issued 1
September 5, a derived Nearly all fertilizers are ineffective because
ter ? ammonia, lime etc. and holding them Y
circular letter the farmers in I they contain too little NITROGEN ("iinireonia" -
urging A.-Inorganic matter consists prin- for the use of plants. ) and this little in an insoluble form.
Add a little NITRATE OF I SODA to thetc and
the different counties hold
to meet- cipally of silica or silicious sand, alu The next lesson will embrace the the result will be astonishing O
ings, and elect delegates to this con- mina slate and lime I A PAMPHLET FREE Id"gh": '
(as clay or ), (as subject-Essential Plant), Foods-ni-
vention. The Sumterville Times to use nitrate and how to buy end ure fcitllizers ;i
carbonate or chalk). trogen, potash and phosphoric acid. most economically. Addrtts Cj
commenting on the subject, says: Q.-What' proportion of organic .... S. M.Harris, Moreton F rm''P.(0.I ),N. w Yrrk (I
"The movement is entirely non .*t tre cz.-.: ;' .tJ
matter exists in the soil ? A flock of hens well cared for will

political, and no vegetable or fruit A.-The proportion of organic mat- supply the home table, :with delicacies,

t rower in the State should hesitate to ter in naturally productive soil varies and pay the tax collector and the SORE 8 0 HEAD

indorse and advocate a union of the between a mere fraction of one and church dues,. buy thread and needles,

interests concerned. A union should seventy per cent of its entire weight. pins and buttons, and there will be a We guarantee a sure

be formed as the only way by which Q.-What per cent of organic surplus for other purposes. But a and safe cure for SORB

the farmers and vegetable growers of I' matter is found in our more productive flock of hens neglected will ,supply the HRAD on all kinds of '

Florida can hope to arrange a reduction soils ? family with a few eggs in early spring, Fowls, or MONEY RE

01 rates with the transportation A.-In our more productive soils and then they take a rest.-Farm and FUNDED. Price'30 c.

companies, and to obtain any systemof the organic matter ranges from five to Ranch How big a flock, Mr. Farm by mail, .or two for fifty cents.J. .

marketing their crops. Abuse of twelve per cent, seldom more. Onlyin and Ranche? C. BUCHER NEW SEED STORE;

transportation lines by the shipperwill mucky and peaty soils does the P. O. Box 1S7. 19 S. Broad St., Atlanta,, Ga.

never secure a reduction of( amount of organic matter ever exceed Many new dwelling houses are Also, Poultry Supplies of all kinds.

freight rates. Carriage of freight is a that of the inorganic or earthy matter. being erected in the ,western portionof I

matter of business, and complaints Q.-How are soils classified ? Alachua 'county. What is better

should be laid before the transportation A.-i. Pure clay, or pipe claynotoften still the buildings are all creditableones. QUICK WORK,
in a business-like
companies way. with .
met to great extent.
any ,. In selling and paying for Fruits and'Veg-
If this is done, the Times believes ---
; 2. Strong clay, or tile clay (of which etables shipped to us is our motto WE
with the committee, that a radical reduction brick and tile made GIVE GOODS SENT U* BY GROWERS
are ), consisting Know _
of be
freight rates grantedby
and five fifteen i
pure clay to per cent. BUY OURSELVES. They are protected
the railroad'companies.., the Era, Bradford Pa by our 40 years experience without'default
of silicious sand which latter i is
easily ,
; dollar. to
ing n Enquire as our standing
"The one prevailing evil' with our from the Too few people are acquainted with the and financial stability which any bank or I
separated clay by washing.
truck is the con- rapid advance of medical science and merchants having mercantile reports can < i
growers promiscuous 3. Clay loam, consisting of pure too many doctors: are still plodding in the verify-then try us-WE BELIEVE OUR < I
signing of their products to commis- clay, with fifteen to thirty per cent of old paths. Once it comes to pass that METHOD WILL for SATISFY YOU.Stencil Send and << ;
your name our quotations. ,
sion swindlers; men who do not hesi-- sand, separable by washing. people know themselves, that all physi cards fr e. 'Letters promptly answered .
tate to rob the producers of the last Loam loam contain- cians are abreast of the world's 'knowl
or ordinary
cent of their hard'earned cash. But edge, much of our'suffering will come to FRENCH & CO,
ing pure clay, thirty to sixty percent an end. Medical scientists are not delving
exists for this evil and thatis
one remedy of sand. into the depths knowledge forthe 116-Warren-St,, New York. ._

to organize ; not one, two, or three 5. Sandy loam, containing sixty to mere benefit of brother physicians, but ESTABLISHED 1855. < \
counties, but a union of all the fruit, ninety per cent of sand. for the benefit of the world. They placein ,
vegetable and truck farmers in the 6. soil the hands of the well man a means of pppsppppppppgppSSSSSSBradley ,
Sandy containing upwardsof
well in the hands of the sick
State one grand organization that keeping a
ninety per cent of sand, representedby of To the they Redfleld. Eugene B. Redfield.
means parent
shall in ; recovery.
act unity act as one man to
the soil in
the ordinary Florida give the power of saving the child.
the best advantage of all concerned.A for REDFIELD & SON,
pine Science is working you-will you accept -
State association should be organ- 7. Calcareous soils, containing five the proffered heIR?

ized, and as early as possible. Won to or more cent of car- Mrs. George Rowend, an estimable lady Commission MerchantsAND
twenty ,
ders are worked in this commercialage who resides at No. 276 East Main street,
bonate of lime. According to the has cause to feel grateful toward the science -
only by strong combinations:: andif proportion of clay and sand containedin of medicine.One Fruit Auctioneers

our farmers and truckers desire to them we call them calcareous clays, day recently, a reporter, learningthat ,

accomplish anY''' good, they must ,stand calcareous loams or calcarious sands Mrs.\ Rowend had been greatly benefited 141 Dock Street, Philadelphia, Pa.

shoulder to shoulder, strong and firm. 8. Vegetable moulds containing i by the use of a new medicine, in- We handle all kinds of Fruits and Vegetables,
The of the State should a ., terviewed her. She stated that she had either at private sale (which has heretofore been
growers sup very large per cent of decayed animal been suffering with a female trouble for our custom) or by the auction system (recently.
port this movement with unity, and added to our business)as you may desire.
and vegetable substances; or peaty many years. She had been doctored for
into it enthusias-
enter earnestly and and mucky soils, containing thirty to the aIlment for a long time-in fact, FOR RENT.
tically, determined and agressive, yet seventy per cent of organic matter. nearly all her life-and had never received -
in a sensible and business like man anything more than temporary relief. THE, ALGONQUIN HOTEL
Q.-What are the relative weightsof ,
,ner. Such a combination would not During the last three years her condition
soils? worse and was aggravated by an At St. Augustine.
be for the benefit of grew
one man nor
any A.-One cubic (foot of strong clay affection of the heart. Her health was Completely furnished. Apply to G. S.' Metierve: ,
for the profit pf any one community.Its loam weighs eighty to ninety pounds, so poor that she found it almost impossible St. Augustine, Fla. .

benefits would extend to all who while one cubic foot of sandy soil <10 perform her household duties."I .
should be engaged in the production never believed in proprietary medicines FOR SALE.

of fruits and vegetables. Let the people weighs 110 pounds. The same bulk ," said Mrs. Rowend, "but one day THE OCEAN VIEW HOTEL,
of peat or muck, however, weighs article in
last fall I read an a newspaper
ol Sumpter call a meeting, organ- only from thirty to fifty pounds. which told of the cures effected by Dr. At St. Augustine.

ize, select delegates to go to Orlando, A.-How are the different soils af- Williams' Pink Pills, and I decided to Completely furnished. Right on the Bay

raise to the breeze the flag of unity, fected by heat and moisture? try the medicine. Before I had taken the St.Rare Augustine Bargain.or Apply toCHAPIN to Capt. W. S.'M. Bukhara

and lead the van in the struggle for contents of one box I began to feel better.
A.-Sand both heats and
cools off
better profits for their labor." I The depressing weakness which had both ,
quicker than loam; this quicker than ered me for so many years began to disappear 3-23-tf St. Augustine, and Boston.
Advices reach from ,several
us parts clay, and this quicker than peat or and the action of the heart at ,
of the State of similar actions among muck. once became stronger and more regular."I .

the producers, which we trust will ma Of all soils pure sand has the least took nine boxes of the pills, and I FRUIT: TREES.
terialize into some effective results ; am now feeling better than I have for FOR
capacity for absorbing moisture from several and I have unbounded faithin
either years SOUTHERN ORCHARDS.Write
organization the .
by a new or
the air well for
as as holding water the medicine.\ "
revival of the Fruit and VegetableGrower's when once taken up. This power increases Mrs. Rowend is steadily gaining in for Catalogue, and price list.

Union. in any soil with the proportionof health and strength, and gives all the JENNINGS' NURSERY CO.,

........... clays, and still more with that of or- credit for her restoration to health to Dr.Williams' Ttenmuvll1f11. O..
Pink Pills for Palo .
Science for Farmers No. I. People.Dr.
Young in it
,n\ ganic matter such as peat and Williams' Pink Pills contain all the
'" muck, showing the necessity, in order elements necessary to give new life and SAWMILL

THE SOIL. to get the best results from our sandy richness to the blood and restore phatter- FARMER'S I I works successfullywith

Q.-What is soil ? t soils, of the liberal application of muck, ed nerves. They are for sale by all druggists ( ( Grinding 4 h, p.,Mills also
or may be had by mail from Dr.ViIlJams' and Water Wheels.
A.-The of stable humus
most important, source manures, or by green ma- .
\ Medicine Company, Sche1l(c-
plant, food. nuring with cow peas or leguminous Lady: N. Y., for 50 cents per box, or six DeLoach" Mill Mfg Co..

Q.-Of what is the soil composed ? plants. boxes for $2.G0. i 323 Highland Ave., Atlanta, Qa.,


.' ,'- d ., -- -- ..__ ___ ...:;--- -- _

.. .

.. \. -
and the quality is said to be good.
.. e i)
J But a small quantity, thus far, has .
been marketed. Rain was not so
JACKSONVILLE. FLA., Sept. 17, 1895.. favorably distributed in Liberty C The One Crop -Systemof

WEATHER CONDITIONS. county, the fall not being sufficiently
heavy to interfere with cotton'picking. of farming gradually exhausts the land, unless a Fertilizer containing a

Activity in this line was general, and high percentage of Potash is used. Better crops, a better soil, and a l
TemperaPreclpila- Sun-
lur.e. (1)( ) lion ((2)) Rhine. some reports assert that the staple larger bank account can only then be expected. G

DISTRICT -NorCur--- -1'01'Cur-- will be gathered by September 3oth. Write for our "Farmers' Guide," a 142-page illustrated'book. It
For Week
-mal -rent -mal rtJJt.: Cane, potatoes, rice and field peas is brim full of useful info:._ladon for farmers. It will be sent free, and .
doing well. In St.
Johns county,
'tI will make and save Address! ,
you money.
.. 5
Western. ,79 81 1.35 0.15 ..' .; orange trees are' growing very well,
l the GER :.::'N KALI WORKS, 93 Nassau Street, New York. '
Northern. i8 81 1.89 2.68 a'Mt growth being especially luxuriant .

Central.... 79 80 1.48. 1.90 e a along the river sections. ;eJ4frS e. .- -' !
oo Central District-All counties re- : t
Southern,. 81 8J 1.98 1.25 :" I
porting, received some moisture. In JOHN L. MARVIN, ,
uniformity, the distribution was not President:
(1))) Degrees Parenheit. !jj" ; H. T. BAYA, THOS. W. CONRAD,
((2)) Inches and Hundrtdths. ', 'I satisfactory. Some localities com- Cashier. Assistant Cashier.

CROP CONDITIONS. plain of an excess, this being particu- CAPITAL $100,000.
larly applicable in Orange county
Excepting a limited: area, over the where hay making was retarded. Rainfall -
eastern section of the'cotton belt, the over the cotton belt was damagingto THE MERCHANTS' NATIONAL BANK
week over that territory was ,
gener- the staple, especially in Sumter
ally dry and warm, stimulating the county where heavy falls occurred on JACKSONVILLE, 'FLORIDA,

staple'to open rapidly and enabling the nth and 13th. The lint was Respectfully solicits your Deposits, Collections and Geneva

farmers to go .actively picking. The beaten out of the bolls and badly soiled. Banking!! Business. .f
absence of rain along the extreme Cloudy and showery conditions ob-: -,

western portion of the State gave the tained over Hillsborough, Orangeand CORRESPOND'ENcE_ INVITED. /
farmers opportunity to house.and
cure Polk counties. Very seasona- DIR OTORl9, '
i a 'large' quantity of hay. This was able for fruit growth, turnips, John L. Marvin, A. B. Campbell Chas. Marvin,
I particularly the case in Escambia county ; cabbage and rice. Oranges are H. T. Baya, T. W. Roby, Judge R. B. Archibald,

!i and. adjacent. territory.. .. Portions. reported as growing ni cely in Hills Judge E. M. Randall, C. B. Rogers. W. M. Davidson,
of Or H. Rohln on i loHn E. Hnrrrldare..
the northern district
received too '
, borough county; not splitting and will
much moisture. This condition ruledin be bright. All crops are being rapidly -

Jefferson county, where cotton that housed. As previous reports indi- SAVINGS AND, TRUST BANK

was open fell to the ground or was cated, the corn crop has about all ,

otherwise damaged. Over the cen- matured. It was a large one, and OF FLORIDA,
tral.district rainfall was excessive, but generally satisfactory throughout the JACKSONVILLE.

was not generally uniform. Some localities State. In Hernando county rice' is CAPITAL, $50,000.
were damaged, particularly the excellent; new potatoes abundant.
"..cotton fields. The staple was beaten Stock of all kinds in prime condition. H. ROBINSON,'President. W. J. HARKISHE1MKK, Vlce-Prea.. .
to the ground and'"' yoting":fruit de. Decided activity prevails in all general WM RAWLINSON, Cashier,

stroyed. The condition of cane, potatoes farming and truck gardening opera DIRECTORS' : '
rice and kindred products, as tions. In Lake county citrus fruit
a rule, is satisfactory. The temperature trees present. remarkable growth and W. J. HARKISHEIMER, PHILIP WALTER, R. H. LIGGKTT: ,
for the week was several 'degrees vitality. Fall vegetables are growing J. A. HENDERSON, C. C. ROBERTSON, W. B. OWEN: '

below the 'normal, with a marked deficiency finely. Polk county reports large Collections made on all points of Florida,and Remitted for on day of Pay'
in precipitation, excepting the amount of garden seed planted. Tur- ment. Active and Savings Accounts Solicited. Interest Paid on -

central' section of the State. nips are up, also field beans. Potatoes Savings.

Western District-Hot'and dry con- rice, and corn promise well in -

ditions ruled over a large portion of Orange county. Excessive rain in FLORIDA FRUIT EXCHANGE. -

district, and there was great activity in Sumter county damaged sweet pota. "

saving hay. Some rice has been cut, toes, although ground in fine condition :

and quantities of potatoes have been for fall gardening. Brevard An Incorporated Home Association of Orange Growers for marketing .Florida .Fruit, to the
best advantaee.-AUTHORiZED CAPITAL $300000BOX
dug. Turnips and cabbage seed have county reports show pineapples to be MATERIAL-The Exchange is fully prepared to supply boxes and paper on
been sown, for which refreshing rains growing finely; sweet potatoes promisewell order. Write for price list and terms. .
',are needed. Kieffer pears are plentiful and ora 'ge trees progressing o EO. R. FAIRBANKS, President. "D. QREENLEAF, Vic&President.
in some portions of the district, but ALBERT M. IV IJiS Gen'l Mgr. and Treas. M.' P. TURNER Secretary.
favorably. Mangoes growing slowly DIRECTORS-Geo. it. Fairbanks, Alachua Co.; E. G. Hill Bradford Co.; Dr. E. E. Pratt I
are reported as small in size. In Leon and Avocado pears in some Hillsboro Co.; .John Fabyan, Lake Co.; Hy Crutcher Orange Co.; D. Oreenleaf? Duval Co.;
.county the week was excellent for cot- J. D. Mead, Duval Co.; A. Brady Brevard CO.LF.: G. Sampson, Marion Co. ; C. V. Hillyer, I
instances, eight feet high. Marion Co.; John M. Bryan, Osceola Co.; W. Stanton! Putnam Co.; M. S. Moreman St. I
ton picking, no small amount of whichis Southern District':"" For nearly Johns Co.; C. F. A. Bielby, Volusia Co.; Irving Keck, Polk Co. I
Address'all; correspondence to the Florida Fruit Exchange, Jacksonville Fla. Stencils,
being carried to gins. Showers were three weeks the drouth has been se- with full packing and shipping instructions furnished on application. ..
light' and scattering over this county, I vere over uplands in DeSoto county.It \ I

and more moisture is needed. for fall was not so badly felt over low lands
planting. where potatoes continued favorable! ,
Northern District Generally: speak- This product continues promising;
ing, the weather conditions over the I I I also pineapples and oranges. The Grocers and Commission Merchants I

district have not been uniform. A latter are very satisfactory in Lee I II

large portion, however, was favored county. There having been no excessive DEALERS > I

with sufficient moisture, and some rains over this section .
orangesare Grain Wines
Coal Hay Liquors
I'I ., ,
sections received too much for the not splitting. In Dade county '

benefit of cotton, although it was.|': old plants and recent plantings of Cigars, Tobacco, Etc. .. i iJ"aoksorl.'V'ille ij
< necessary. and did much good to fall pineapples are looking exceptionallywell. j
crops. Light showers were suffici-- Plorida.PRIDELISTOFWHISKIES j

ently general to cover the greater SUMMARY BY COUNTIES. 1 I
portion of the district and, good results : .J f fMANONGAIIUIA I
are apparent therefrom. Advices ; : RYE............ ........$1 5<> CABINET BOURBON.... ....... ........ ..16' oo
indicate old landsis Leon-.A PARKER...... .......,.... .... ........... 175 J. MARTIN RYE............. ................ 300
that cotton on good week for farmers, ORANGE VALLEY........... ........ ..... 200 VIRGINIA GLADES................ .......... 4 00
nearly all rusted, and has stopped but more rain desirable. Showers SPRING VALLEY.... ..... .................2 5<> OLD BOURBON........... ........ .....500
BALTIMORE CORN .................. a oo KENTUCKY SOUR MASH....... ........,. 500 i
. fruiting. On new' lands the plant is quite partial. Cotton being picked NORTH CAROLINA CORN.. ............ a 50 OLD BAKER.... ... ...;....... '.'...500
taking on some fruit. Some sections i I i rapidly and some going to the gins. CLIFTON CLUB,... ...... ,............ 300 MON PROSE VELVET RYE,....,............. 600. I I

state that the crop will be!'matured Bradford v ill e.-Bradford. JUGS EXTRA; One gallon 250; two gallon, 5oc; three gallon, 750. Remit by post.office 1
money order, check or registered letter. We cannot ship C O. D. Remit with order; ..
unusually early and all Escambia-Hot dry week. Farmers -
probably '
I l.I '
A complete price-list of Groceries, and Wine List, sent free on application. '
picked early in October. Picking is. cutting and saving lots of hay.
progressing favorably in Baker county Rice being cut and potatoes dug. JOHN CLARK, SON & CO4"f" I

.. I


----- .- --'- .._._.......-.-.. -_._._----.'-' ---- -
'- -


---- -

Many have sowed turnip and cabbageseed. W ANTED-Celery'. plants.. Write to I.. W.
Peck, Astor Park, Fla'._9.2 1-2

Molino.-Trimmer. We can furnish 75,000 Eye buds for dormant and next spring budding. Orders booked now for CITRUS TRIFOLIATA' 10 to IS inches, $20.00
boxed. mail
f b. ,
o. By postpaid
Jefferson-Very little cotton planted per ,
delivery in October and November., I'irst-class buds and true to name. Standard varieties as follows -
L. W Kerva.n, Norwalk Fla.
not more than one-quarter, of a, : Majorca, Jaffa, Ruby Blood, Hart's,Late Parson Brown, 'Tangerine, Homossassa. Medit- per too, $3.00? ;
erranean'Sweet, Satsuma and Grape Fruit 'Buc1s well packed and sent to any part of the Slate for _9-I4-Q I
crop; that is doing well, also potatoes, 60 cents per 100; $5.00 per i.ooo. 10.000 budded Orange Trees 2 to 4 feet high, budded on sour and PEFORB ordering Alabama Newnans. write C. '
and Farmers gatheringcorn trif jliata stocks, from i to % in. at the ground. Buds inserted in the stump at the ground (not in D II, Churchill, Lawtey, Fla. Hesends out
cane pindars. the roots)and can be protected by banking this winter. the best $i.oo per 1000. ._
Cow' Peach Pear Plum, Persimmon and Fig Trees. three old White Niagara
and picking cotton. peas Loquat Large year PAMPAS PLUMES.! One thousand 20 to :28

not doing well. The largest corn crop Grape Vines. ;, I2O511 l9. N.,P. Richardson. Ocoee, Fla.. '..

ever made in this county. Wau_ kee- Fifty varieties of roses budded and on their own roots. The famous Marechal Neil a specialty.Our 9"14-3.
nah.Roach. roses have proved to be well adapted to this State. For full particulars send for descriptive GRAPE FRUIT SEEDLINGS, 4 tog feet, Irs
catalogue and price list. Address, per too ;3 to 4 feet $to per 100 f. o. b. Varie-
gated Pineapple and Banana plants, 25 cents
Northern ..Disn'cAlachuaGood/ : HASTINGS & WYUIE I post paid. J. F. Allen, Pine Castle, Florida.
Interlachen, Fla. _9-14-3 -
weather for fall
PLANTS. Henderson's Succession,
'planting. Gardens doing well. Cot- CABBAGE in existence,
$3 per i.ooo. 35 cents
should be close. Four to Mr. W. H. Brazier of ElDorado
. ton injured seriously. Too much rain granaries per too. Maurice Clavel, Wauchula, DeSoto
six ounces of this liquid in bottles or sold one hundred bushels of corn, last county. Fla._9-14-3 I I
for making hay. Archer 82 degrees
; tin. themouths week for bushel : rED. An agent in every township to
rain : -Andruss. cans, having only 50 cents per fifty WAN the Cyclone Corn Sheller Address I

St., Johns-No 1:57. heavy rain but showers partly stopped with loose cotton, bushels to the town of Leesburg and Farmer and Fruit Grower, Jacksonville, Fla. tfWANTED. !

should be placed one foot under the fifty bushels to Dr. A.. A. Stivender.--r : Satsuma and Boone's Early Bud-

almost every day. Orange trees surface of the grain to be treated and Commercial : State Price. Summit Nurseries, I
Leesburg {HI{}
that have started at all growing well. Headquarters for Pear Trees, Monticello, Fla.
one can or bottle to every one hun- 9-7-3 i
Some along the river have fine _
rain dred square feet. This is for corn in CENT- WORD COL UMN. I'j OR SALE 2,0(::0 P. Henderson's New York I!C
Switzerland 82 degrees 0.00.-
; the 'shuck. One-half of this amountis Improved Spineless Egg Plants. 40 cents :
Steele. per loo. J. M. Graham, Lady Lake, Fla.
RATES.-Twenty words, name and' address,
sufficient for wheat shelled Ii
or corn. one week, cents three weeks cents Noth-
Nice rain this week. Weather 25 ; 50 STRAWBERRY PLANTS for sale. 500,000 .
very The cost of the material is about ing taken for less than 25 cents. Newnans at 75 cts a thousand.'
warm. Cotton on old land nearly all Advertisements for this column MUST be pre- A liberal discount for large orders. W. H.

rusted and has done all that 'it will do twelve cents per pound, apothecaries'weight. paid.Send. Kemp, Lawtey, Fla._- 8318._
no stamps larger than two cents.
,It is sometimes necessary to SALE. Two Leon county farms, 480 acres
Initials and
towards making'any more. Is open- 1 figures count as one word.HADYafnitiexcelson
the treatment the second time 390:acres. Excellent fo1 stock raising and
ing very fast and the crop will be apply A Stood tobacco growing.. W B. Clarkson Jacksonville,
six weeks after the first. It is author- Fla. 824-tf
the great freeze on lemon stock, and has
earlier than usual. On I
gathered stated that treated with finest fruit on now. Choice buds for October, Alabama Newnans and AlabamacUUUUU
itatively FA
grain fl n n fl
fresh land it is still making a little $1.50 per 100. Address s. W. Carson, Frostproof clouds. Admitted by .all who
McAlpin.Black.Central this remedy is not rendered unfit Fla._ 9-21-3 have seen them to be the best Strawberry Plantsin

yet. for use, nor are its germinating quali- IN FL.ORIDA-For Sale or Rent-A cottage> of the place. Price $1.00 per 1000, f. o, b. .B.
District: rooms, furnished. Desirable, healthful, Padgett. Lawtey Fla. 8-17-tf.
ties injured except where an unusual location, near station, church, school, ttore.. Ad- NUR HRY TREES AND BUDWOOD

Hernando-Crops being rapidly amount is used. It is said that nearlyall dress'Mrs. Barlow. Huntington, Fla. 9-21-3_ CITRUS Parson Brown Stark's Seedless,

housed. Good weather for curing FIFTY THOUSAND Grapefruit Seedlings for Jaffa, Tangerine, King, Tardiff, Grape Fruit;
the wheat raised in France is ,3j4 y ars old, 4 to 5 feet high;,will dor- Villa Franca Lemons and other varieties,
hay. Crop of corn is a large one. treated with this remedy before it is mant bud to order. Have a few budded to the such as Nonpareil, Majorca, St Michael,
seedless grapefiuit. These trees are, fine, and Malta Blood and Centennial. Address, A. I..
,Rice is excellent. Potatoes abundant. ground into flour. It require3 but, for sale very reasonable indeed, as we expect to Duncan, Manager Milwaukee Groves and Nur-

Brooksville, 80 degrees; rain 1.48.- I.little more to treat a crib twenty feet quit before the nursery elsewhere.business. Come and& see them series, Dunedin, Fla. 8.17-tf
buying Bowyer Stephens,
few wanted to
Robertson. high than one ten feet high. If this Lakeland, Fla. _9-21-4 BAHAMAS. to the persons Bahamas. Capital join re-a

Orange-Excessive moisture has interrupted proves an effectual remedy the discoverer BUDWOOD-orders for October delivery now quired .(;soo to #1,000. Address "Britisher-
orders for spring use Lane Park, Fla. 8-17-6
hay making. Potatoes and is certainly a public benefactor Ten per cent with order, balance when buds are
corn promising. Fall planting of to Texas. ordered shipped. King and Pineapple: $15 peri GASOLINE! STOVE for sale, at half price.,
ooo; Parson Brown and Maltese Straight (early) and an oven; nearly as goodas
truck is extensive. Rice crop good. We have over four million acres in 810 per 1,000; Magnum Bonum,Jaffa,Tangerine, new. W. H. Powers. Lawtey. Fla. tf -.

Orlando St. Michael Blood: $7 per 1,000; Walters, Josse- PLANTS. Improved Alabama
82 rain
degrees; 1.55.- corn, the largest acreage Texas.has. lyn, "Fessenden" Triumph'Motts" Aurantiuim STRAWBERRY The best varieties for

Rice. ever had by about 500,000 acres and Pomelo, $Isper 1,000; Marsh's Seedless, Ito per: Southern planting. Clouds. $1.75; Newnans.
icoo, also several varieties of June budded trees $1.00 per i.oco, f. o. b. First class plants' and
Columbia-Rain badly distributed, the best all around crop perhaps ever and 60,000 sour seedlings, four years old, whichwe packing guaranteed. C. H. Churchill, Lawtey;
some localises having too much, while in the State. Farmers doubtsee will bud for future delivery. Wi ite for prices.No Fla. 8-10-10 '
grown no
white fly in this ,section. J W. & F. D .
others need it for Conservative Waite ANEW deal on wire netting. Prices cut in
gardens. the necessity of preserving their Magnolia Nurseries- Belleview, Fla. We pay freight. Write for our latest'

estimate of cotton crop at onehalfat corn until such time as they can dispose YOU troubled with insomnia, bad dreamsdnd 9214 price-list. E. W Amsden, Ormond. Fla., 7-i-tf

best. Lake City, 81 degrees; rain, of the surplus to advantage. restlessness at night; at times loss of II 150 000 STOCK CITRUS Fruit TREES FQR
f SALE. Grape Seedlings,
appetite and again insatiable craving for food?
o 06.-Knight. .
--. ..- Scott's Carbo-Digestive Compound will make Sour Orange,Sweet Orange and Rough Lemon

Sumter-Rains very heavy. Dam- With this issue we increase the size gaur sleep sweet and refreshing. For sale by J. i. with Seedlings a large 65.000 stock Seed of all bed Standard Grape Fruit Varieties Scions of
& Co Main and
Forsyth sts., Jacksonville. -
aged all cotton open. Too much for of the Commercial town eight column bee ad in another column budded Orange Lemon and Limes now grow-
I ing for this fall and winter planting. The Lake-
sweet potatoes. Ground in good fix folio, the size'it was before the freeze. BUDWOOO-I am prepared to supply first-class land Nurseries, C. M. Marsh, Prop., Lakeland,

for fall gardening. Oxford, 81 de We are induced to do this because of trees 15 to 18 years old that Polk County. Fla. 8310.
were unhurt by the freezes. The trees in
grees; rain, 3.55.Borden. the unfailing patronage of the live I' fruit and in splendid shape. All are true to name are *DEST* ture GRASS in good pine for Lawns and hammock and Permanent land. Lou-Pas-

Southern ..Disn'cBrevardRefreshing/: and progressive and entertaining business Sweet Parson, Sanfords Brown. ,Cunningham St. Michael's, or Egg Harris, Maltese, Med. isiana Grass (Paspalum platjcaule). Roots' .25

; men of Leesburg the Oval Maltese Blood, Washington Navel, Tan- cents per 100 by mail $1.25 per barrel. W. H.
showers and encourag- gerine(Dancy), Grapefruit-Villa Franca, Sicily, Powers, :Lawtey. Fla._tf

warm sun have' had good effect on ing continuance of our subscribers, Lisbon and Polk Lemons. Prices, $5 oo per 1,000; nPILGHMAN'S CONDITION POWDERS will
and because faith in 75C per zoo Gaston Drake, Yalaha, Fla. 9-21-5 make stock eat and grow fat. Given as a
pineapple plants, and they are growing our the early drench to stock that will not eat. Sample pack-

very fast. The showers will also aid growth and properity of the town WALTER'S Grape Fruit, "Carney" and "Villa age by mail' 35 cents. W. G. Tilghman, Palatka,
Lemon,"Pal son Brown," "Jaffa," Fla. 6-29-20
the plants now set to root, and prepare and surrounding country is now fixed. "Mediterranean Sweet," "Malta Blood" "Hart's For Choice Properties

them to stand the winter. Eden.- That growth and prosperity we be- Tardiff' ," "Riverside Navel," "Mandarin," BARG'AINS I which mutt be sold at a
Dancy Tangerine" and "Homo"assa" budwoodat sacrifice. On the St Pe-
Waters. lieve will surely come.-Leesburg 750 per 100 in orders of 500; (in less than 500, tersburg sub-peninsula,

A. J. MITCHELL, Observer, Commercial. $i per too ) delivered Marsh Seedless grape- the Sicily of Florida;at Orlando, a situation unsurpassed -
Weather Bureau Director, ....... fruit $2.50 per 100. Good references when re in the State for its charming combination -
--- .. ......---- quired. Also a fine lot of nursery stock ofabove of orange groves and lakes ; and at Orange
To prevent discoloration from named varieties. J. M.'Chaffer, Chandler, Fla. Lake the heart of Florida's Citrus region. ,

Weevil. bruises, apply a cloth out in itBUDWOOD. Address the Editor of this paper, Jacksonville,
strong and healthy from exceed Florida.
How weevil of is
keep out corn
very hot water, and renew frequentlyuntil trees now loaded with fruit. IRRIGATED GROVE 100 acres. TO years set
an important question to farmers. No the pain ceases. JfTa, Majorca Novel Tardiff Pomelos and Lem- treul-So in other fruit trees, etc.
effectual found ons A limited quantity of a few other varieties. For sale at a sacrifice., Address,"14'," The Palms,
remedy was .. Address R. A. Palmer, Oneco, Manatee County, Lane Park, Lake County Fla 4 29m:

French experimentors learned the use I .. Florida. 9-J5'4 IF ANY ONE who has been benefited by the

of carbon bisulphide.This is a liquid BROWN, Stark and MediterraneanSweet of Dr William's Pink Pills will write to
I Budwood Villa Franca and Belair THE FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER, they will receive -
material which, when evaporated, the Premium Lemons from thriftiest groves in Marion information that will be of much value and
County. Sutton & Schwarz, Candler, Fla. interest to them. ,
fumes settle to the bottom of the crib 9-14-2

and the result is that the air is forcedout ,. TO MAKE HENS LAY-There is nothing like
'"'" """';; -y...""" .. V1 "" ""4 OTR A WBERRY PLANTS. Two acres of them. Bowker's Animal Meal. 40 tons sold in Flor-
and suffocation results. These Deep grown and vigorous, Alabama New- ida'' last year. Hundreds of testimonials. For
Hey! Stop that Cow! nans and Clouds. Prices on application, accord- particulars, write E. W. Amsdtu, Ormond, Fla,
fumes are said to be highly inflamable The voice came tearing down the road close ing to quantity. G W. Jennings, Lawtey, Fla. io-13-tf .

hence great care should be taken in ly followed by the animal Itself. The .wheel. a14-tf FOR SALE for cash,time or trade,orange groves,

using it and it should be kept at a man addressed was an expert base ball player BUDWOOD From 50 varieties of bearing Or- and timber lands. E. RUMLEY, Keuka,
but hardly knew how to tackle that kind ange, and Grape Fruit trees Also Fla. 3-11-161
safe distance from fire. It does not, of a "flyer" She was the "coming cow" that Rough Lemon and Sour Orange Seedlings for
had "thrown off! the yoke" so to speak. By sale. / Nursery trees budded to order now for PLANT STRAWBERRIES The Strawberry
remain long on anything but evapor- waving his coat he turned her Into a string of future delivery at low prices. W. K, Trimble, will be greatly over done next year,
ates so rapidly that it burns, the hand Page fence. With a beautiful "curve" she Braidentown, Manatee Co., Fla. and only those who plant under the best condi-
landed In the ditch and was led off complete 9-r4--L tions will make a profit. Lawtey berries are
something like ammonia. The dan- ly subdued. The wheelman exclaimed as a UART'S TARDIFF, DANCY TANGERINE, quoted in the New York Price Current this
'catcher," a "pitcher," a "short-stop1 anda Jaffa, Malta Blood and Navel Budwood from week 35 to 45 cents; from all other parts of the
ger after using does not "last longer "fielder," the Page fence is In it. healthy bearing trees. that have never had red State, 25 to 35 cents. Lands for sale or rept at

than twenty-four hours. Cribs or PAGE WOVEN WIRE FENCE CO.,Adrian, Mich. burg scale,or Fla.white fly. Cyrus W. Butler; St. Peters 9" 14-3 I reasonable rates. E. G. 11111, Lawtey,Fla., 5-4-tf'


-. --.-....

-- '.. .. -_. -.- -- .-=: ..- :'. -- .-- _,...:......:.c::,' -.





SAVANNAH LINE 'w The, Clyde Steamship: ...


48 :to 55 hours between Savannah, New York and Philadelphia, and

65 to 70 ,hours between Savannah and Boston.
The magnificent Steamships of this Line are ap-

pointed to sail as follows, calling at Charleston, S. C.,

From New York. From Jacksonville
O IVX SORREL. [a.1a.Qer. (Pier 29, E. R.) STEAMER Florida.
Monday. 26th, at 3 p m......".. 'CHEROKEE"...".......Sunday, Sept. ist at i.sopm
Wednesday, 28th, at 3 p in...... .... ..""IROQUOIS".Tuesday 3d at 4.ooam
Friday.u 3oth, at 3 p m .... .... "ALGONQUIN" ......Thursday, sih, at sroaam:
Tuesday, Sept. 3rd,at 3 p in. .........."SEMINOLE".Sunday, 8th. at 6soam
Friday 6th, atspm ....."CHEROKEE"........ Thursday, 12th, at iooo; m
Monday.II 9th, atspm...." ....."IROQUOIS"...... .......Sunday, isth at, 2:00: p m
Wednesday, nth, at 3 pm ........"ALGONQUIN": ........... Tuesday, I7ih, at 3:303111:
Friday, "J3th.at3pm.......... "SEMINOLE"....... .. Thursday, igth. at 4:30: am
"" Tuesday, 17th, at3P m......... "CHEROKEE" .... .....SundAy, 22nd, at 6:30: am
Friday, 2oth, at 3 pm......... "IROQUOIS" .. ".....Thursday, 26th at 10:30 a m
Monday, 23rd, at 3 p m....."" "ALGONQUIN". ......... Sunday 29th, at lyopm
.Ii.t .. Wednesday., 25that3pm..SItMINULE".TuesJay. Oct 1st, at i-sopm:
'. .-:. Friday 27th, at p m.........."CHEROKEE" ...... ...Thursday, 3rd,, .at4ooam:
..RIt I.,,

., ... : Philadelphia, Charleston and Jacksonville Ljne.For .

: pa..a.ae Rate: I the present and until further notice, Steamer "YEMASSEE" is intended tosail

Between Jacksonville and New York: First-class $25.00; Intermediate $19.00; Excursion, {43.30; from PHILADELPHIA for CHARLESTON, Wednesdays, and' from .

> Steerage $12.50. CHARLESTON for PHILADELPHIA, Sundays. Close connection made at

Jacksonville and Boston or Philadelphia: Cabin, $27.00; Intermediate $21.00 Excursion, $47.30 ; Charleston with Florida Steamers for business to and from Jacksonville and
Steerage, $14.25. The magnificent Steamships of this Company are appointed to sail as follows: Clyde .

'" FROM SAVANNAH TO NEW YORK. all Florida points. Also, Philadelphia and interior points via Philadelphia:!.

(Central or goO Meridian Time.) r rSfrr.

Nacoochee .................... ............................ ..... ...... Sunday, Sept. i, 4.00a.m. J"OII S' :IVE1R: riINE.:
Kansas City..... .......................... .... ............ .... ..... Tuesday, Sept. 3, 5.oopm.
City of Augusta...... .... ........... ....... ....... ..... ...Friday, Sept. 6, 6,30a.m.
City of Birmingham ............ ... ...... ........ .... ...... Sunday;Sept 8, 8.a.m.Nacoochee .'
.....u... ....?. .... .........'...... ............ ... .. .....Tuesday: Sept. 10, 7.00p.m. I
Kansas City... ................ .............. .... ..................Friday, Sept. 13 12 30 p. m. For Sanford, Enterprise and Intermediate Points on
City of Augusta .. ... .... ............ .... .. ..... ........ ... .Sunday, Sept. 15 i.oop. m.
City.of Birmingham ..................... ............ .............. Tuesday, Sept. 17, 4.oop.m. the St. Johns River. /.'
Nacoochee ........... ........... .................. .. .............. Friday, Sept. 20, 6.30 a. in.
Kansas City........ .................... ........ .... ..... ............ Sunday, Sept. 22, 8.00a.m.
City of Augusta............... .. .......... ... ............ ......Tuesday, Sept. 24, 9.303. m.
City Birmingham ..... ........... .... ..... ...... .... ....... ..Friday, Sept. 27, Loop. m.
Nacoochee .... ...... ........... ........... ............ .... ........ Sunday, Sept. 29 i.oop. m. Steamer "EVERGLADE::; ," j


City................. ... .... .................... ............ ...:.Sunday, Sept i, .ooa.m. Is to sail from Jacksonville and at 5:00
Cltyofl'lacoJl........................ ..... ....... .... ...... .Thursday, Sept. 5, 6.ooa.m. appointed Tuesdays Saturdays : p. m.,
Chattahoochee... ........ .... .. ............ .... ...: .... ... .......Tue*day. Sept. 10, 9.00a.m. and returning leave Sanford Mondays, and Thursdays at 5. a. m. ,_
Gate City............................... .... .... ....... ............. Sunday, Sept. 15 i.oop.m-
,City of Macon ........ .... ................ ...... ........... Thursday, Sept. 19 5..10 a. m.
Cliattalioocheo. ...... ...:/........ .. ..........,........... Tuesday. Sept. 24, 9303.m 204 West
Gate City. .. ....... .... .. ....... .... .... ........ ... .... ..........Sunday, Sept, 29, .oop.m. General Passenger and Ticket Office, Bay St:, JacksonvilleA.

J. COLE Passenger Agent Bowling Green, r:ew York.M. .
(These Ships do NOT Carry Passengers.) H. CLYDE, Assistant Traffic Manager's Bow ing Green New York. .
Tesoug...... ....'......... ... .... .............. ............. ......Monday, Sept. 9, 8.30 a. m. D. D. C. MINK General Freight Agent. 12 fOe Delaware avenue, Philadelphia Pa. .
Deggoug.... ............ .... .... ................ ........ ........1.( ...Thursday, Sept. 19, 5.00 p. m, THKO. G. EGER, Traffic Manager Bowling Gteen, New York;
Deggoug...... .............................. ....!.... .......i...... Sunday, Sept. 29 1.00 p. m. F. M. IRONMONGER, Jr., Florida Passenger Agent 204 West Bay St., Jacksonville, Fla.
JOHN L. HOWARD, Florida Freight Agent, foot Hogan Street, Jacksonville, Fla.
J. A. LESLIE, Superintendent, foot Hogan Street, Jacksonville. Fla.

WM. P. CLYDE & CO., Gen'l Agents,
Connect at Savannah with Central Railroad'of Georgia. Savannah Florida; & Western Railway. i
Florida Central& Peninsular Railroad. 12 South Delaware Avenue. Philadelphia. 5 Bowling Green,,New York.W. .
Through Bills fading, Tickets and Baggage Checks to all points North and East. See your
nearest ticket agent or write for Freight or Passage to I
T. P. BECKWITH, G. F. & P. Agent, New Pier 35 N. R., New York.R. .
New Pier No.35, North River, New York. City Exchange Building, Savannah, Ga.
RICHARDSON & BARNARD, Agents, Lewis' Wharf BostonW.
X,.JAMES, Agent, 13 S. Third Street Philadelphia.W. WILLIAM A. BOURS & CO.
H. RHETT, Gen'l Agt. C. R. R., 317 Broadway New York.J. ,
D. HASHAGEN, Eastern Agent, Sav., Fla. & Western Ry. Co., 261 Broadway Y.
J. I.. ADAMS, Gen'l East. Agt. F. C. & P. R. R., A. DeW. SAMPSON, General Agent,
353 Broadway, New York. 306 Washington St., Boston. Grain Garden Seeds and Fertilizers
W. J. FARRELL Soliciting Agent. W. E. ARNOLD Gen. Trav. Pass. Agt.,
WALTER HAWKINS, Fla. Pass. Agent, ,
New Office 224 West Bay Street, Jacksonville -

We Handle Only the Best and Most Reliable Seeds. A Comple Stock of

YOU. : HAVE. HEARD Hay, Corn Oats, Flour. Bran, Wheat, Grits, Meal,

r ABOUT it Cotton Seed Meal Both Bright and Dark.


NEW RIVER.RIVER. OF Yugert-Illen Fertilizer Co. NITRATE SODA,


: WEii4. .' Star Brand Fertilizers, MURIATE TE OF POTASH,


THE TROPICAL SUN, Orange Tree and Vegetable KAINIT, Etc.

Published at West Palm Beach,is the official paper of Dade; is the Recognized Exponent, of the Resources These Fertilizers havt no superior! in the market and a trial will convince.Pend .
Attractions and Advantages of that Wonderful Region-The Mecca of the Home Seeker, for Catalogue free.
the Trucker the Fruit Growt r and the Investor.
Published in this territory every Thursday since February aist 1887, this publication is recognized -
as an authority on the country its products. how to grow them and how they pay, the
country development and its future. In short THE TROPICAL SUN is the Paper of Dade. :HO FOR ,A.TL.ANT. 1
Don' fall to BOO our splendid Exhibit at the great Exposition. The same
An Eight Page All Home Print Weeklu Publication class of goods that took the highest awards at the World's Fair.
.: ;, Subscribe for it and keep posted on the Coming Section of Florida. factory prices. As manufacturers we save you 20 to 60 per cent. AH .._ .
work Guaranteed. Bend for our latest and biggest Catalogue, showing T *
$1 for Six Months. Address
.I M'' Terras-$2: for One Year; "A' UnC i. new styles' improvements and lowest prices. It's free. Write today ?*?uts0.
.. '. oNE
West 1'Hliu (leach, Flu. Utntiou. BUM when jou yrlso.b .

.. _. u_.,.,.... __.__ _, _._ ,
.. ._- .. .__ --- .. ___ ..... ,




JYlandoline= Banjoriandoline=Guitar ,

.::: ......................<..............INVENTED I AND MANUFACTURED I IN AMERICA I "..................................... -1 j
I ,._:

These are the Instruments of the Age and the latest invention in the Musical Art ; nothing; choicer or 'more elegantfor

Concert and Home. The sweet, delicate clearness of the Mandoline{ breathing through .

; .. *' the vivacity of the Banjo and Guitar tone.




7 / = -r-_

i ,
I Ifl;

> :

The New Society Musical Instruments. .r I


See it try it and you will be pleased .

.*. 4. 4. ..fFor; sale oy dealers in Musical Instruments. .i. .?. f
.l L -.. I,. If not obtainable at home, write to headquarters. ': :

Jo.Ok 011'V'J.11e, P ia.
(Copyright, 1893, by A. Pollmann). *

;: THE $ sPI1 IT $ OF' MUSIC i E
k,' ,<'.' "....,...., .



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201:1'1: Cen..1u1.Y:
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'+' 'I'7":'. ,, Ycc ;: E ..,Y Wonder.child .

'.: ? a II y Use.BY .
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., t1es, nted ,
Can Play
Leading Dealers ,

t':., ? IN THE WOULD. Sy' VIPjOY.ammma .

!: ).acracr: : il11i:1:1; ; ; ,, N ..h "' 444 }+7! n -t: '
) ttlDrJrIllirnrnrUJIiruCrlIiI'1D! : EEEEEEEO! ......
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imprisoned in the SYMPHONY-with each perforated ribbon it released and sings. The stops vary the quality of solo and concerted effects illimatably. The Grandeur of a
Requiem, the ilolicking Barcarolle, or the Vivacity of a Minuet. All rendered with equal ease on the SYMPHONY. > '
.. Fa1.n:1e:: : &s !'jrcTLit:>O'OAvrOr: Solo Agent for Florida, Jacksonville, Fla. ,
4 IIIIIIIMIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIMIIIIIIIIIIMIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII.IIIMIMIIII.........................JllllllllllllllllimilIs .................. .
dally exhibition at:
New Op( : York; City 123 6th Avo. Troy,N, Y. Broadway: Chicago Ill W. W. Kimball &Co. Dallas, Tex. .. .. 261 Main St.
Boston Mass. 483 Washington St. Leavenworth, Kan. 521 Delaware St. }Philadelphia, Pa. 1308 Chestnut St. San Diego, Cal. 1050 Fourth St.
Pittsbunr. Penn 433 Wood St. Kansas City, Mo. 200 West Ninth St. San Francisco Cal Rooms 12 and 14 Flood B'l'd Stockton Cal. '.. 255 Main St.Cincinnati .
O, 23 West Fourth St. New Orleans, La. 731: Canal St. Washington, D. C, 025 Pennsylvania Ave. Pit tstleld. Mass. 75 North St.
Dol. 710 Market ,, .. India .. .
Detroit ;Mich. 67 Monroe Ave. Wilmington .- St Atlanta Ga. 63 Peachtree St. Madras -
Baltimore, Md. w. .119 East Baltimore St. Portland, Me. 538 Congress St. Newark N.J, 657 Broad St. I Montreal Canada 2268 St. Catherine St.
Brooklyn, N. Y,' \* 2W..F:. \. ton St. Mexico City, Callo Cadona, No.3 Loutipville f Ky. 62'Ji'ourthSt. Seattle, Waslu .. J018 Second St.


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