Florida farmer & fruit grower
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055765/00346
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: S. Powers
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: September 7, 1895
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note: Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038466
oclc - 01387403
notis - AKM6256
lccn - sn 95026761
System ID: UF00055765:00346
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen

Full Text
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S. Powers, Publisher and Proprietor. JACKSONVILLE, FLA., SEPTEMBER 7, 1895. Whole No. 1387 Yol.NEW VII t3EftIEi No.3CW. .:

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Before buying your Nursery Stock, investigate and know what you ale getting. Know,,that
you are buying of a Grower and not a second or third hand dealer. ., 'oo"

58 A 60 WEST MARKET ST. Ill A 123 MICHIGAN) ST. t(,
are the most Extensive in the State and offer all Home Grown Stock. Peaches. Plums, Pears

BUFFALO., N. Y. Japan Lemons Persimmons on both Grapes, Figs, Mulberries, Apricots, Almonds, Satsuma and other Oranges and


75 varieties of Roses all field grown and Budded and Grafted. Ornamental Trees, Shrubs! ,etc.

It will pay those intending to plant Orchards to visit my Nursery and Experimental''I Grounds.
Write for Catalogue and any infosmation wanted, .
Correspondence invited and stencils furnished on application Reliable agents wanted at W. D. GRIFFING, PROP.,
all principal shipping points, Macclenny, Fla.


street's First Agencies.National Bank Jacksonville, Fla. Bank Commerce, Buffalo, N. Y. Dun's and Brad-. ORANGE GROWERS, CALIFORNIA BUDS



I able to with and I ';
am supply you Orange Lemon
OF GARDEN SEED SUITABLE FOR FALL PLANTING, bud wood of standard varieties, such asHART'S'TARDIltJ Safe Arrival. and Satisfaction. Guaranteed.V .. .
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WILL BE SENT FREE TO ANY ONE:. MAJORCA RUltY. ?, r -', Tangerine.A R I ETI Hart's I ES Tardiff: Homosassa(or Valencia,Jaffa Late, Dancy);St.

Michael Ruby, and Malta! Bloods W. Navel,
JAFFA.SANFORD'S Med. Sweet, SATSUMA, Mandarin, Magnum
Send at once so that your fall garden will ,not be neglected. MEDITERRANEAN, Bonum and Malta Oval Oranges.

MALTA JtljOOD. Orders Must be for 500 or More Each of
ST. MIClfAETj, Last Two Varieties.Tne .
I nterlachen Florida. DANCY TANGERINE,
CHINA MANDARIN, Etc., true Lisbon Lemon Villa Franca, Eu-
At the following prices; reka, Royal Messina,Belair Premium, Everbear-
ing,and Imported Sicily Lemons. .
Pr PLANTS FOR SUMMER PLANTING. 1000, $5.00; 3000 $12.00; 6000 $20.00. .
MOTMLRI.awr 0pv A few Pomelo Buds, $1 per 100, S4.5O

;.a, .. An especially large and fine stock of pot grown Tropical and SemiTropical CASH WITH ORDER.In per 1,000, SIO per 3,000, *2O per
t Fruit Plants, Camphor, Cinnamon, Palms, Grevilleas, Surinam 7,000. CASH WITH OBDP: R.
Cherry, and hundreds of other useful and Ornamental Plants are Lemons; Lisbon, Villa Franca, Eureka, at
I .
to same prices.Buds Can Give Best of Reference Both '
rd I BEST, SET DURING SUMMER. delivered without further cost to you and
guaranteed to arrive in fine order. Orders
.. We have several thousands of the finest'trained trees(buds of course) of booked now for June delivery.. Address, California and Florida.
w.. fr Oranges, Lemons, Limes and Pomeloes, in all standard and best sorts;
___I Choicest ones but$30 per 100, packed free. They will average 3 to 4 feet, C. S. BURGESS, CITRUS TRKES, OLIVES, PALMS AND '
(some much larger) and branched. Ready for Autumn planting. Send in your orders early. Riverside Nurseries, DECIDUOUS TREES, FOR SALE.
Send for large Illustrated catalogue free.REASONER Riverside, Cal.

BROS., On ceo, Fla. Reference.-Orange Growers' Bank, Riverside, Address:
Manatee River Region. Cal Florida reference given if wanted.
Whittier, California.

300 ACRES IN NURSERY. O ONE ACRE UNDER GLASS. O 38TH YEAR. [ Cut this out for Reference.] .

FraudBRsFruitWrappers. .

FRUIT TREES Specially Adapted to Florida.Oriental .. .

Pears. Japan Plums on Marianna Stocks Japan Persimmons. Giant Loquat, Strawberry
Plants. Grape Vines etc. Rare Coniferae, Broad Leaved Evergreens, Camelias, 50,000 Palms, .
and Cinnamon Roses. The Greenhouse is the largest andmost Consumers of Fruit Wrappers may
trees Department
jo ooo Camphor 3... .. ..,,...,...... ,
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complete in the Southern States. We grow everything in trees and plants suited to South- now know that they get an honest ream ' ern horticulture. Catalogue free. Address P. J. BERCKMANS, Augusta, Ga. No Agents. of 480 sheets and not 400 or 320 sheetsto Double-Barrelled Testimonials.

ream as some unscrupulous. dealers When our railway salesman'went to Europe
supply. to attend the Inter-National Hallway Con-
gress, ho carried a score of splendid testimonials -
SATS UMA! TRI EDUATA from olllclalg of the leading lines In
OUR "FAIR AND SQUARE"Printed America. We are not allowed to publish
them, but nearly all mentioned other
(l,.L.. labor: s new cuuioguo iur i8y4-'p5/ ,recounts 17 years experience: with the eanyprouucuvo and hardy oatsuma orange, reasons why they used the Pupo,among that'Itsult-
and the vigorous Citrus trifoltata,which without protection stands the winters,as far north at Washington,uninjured.) Wrappers are put up in packagesof ed the adjoining farmers." Thus we are ablo

a RA GES. ELOS.CI .RUSFRU ,TS 1000 each, and each Wrapper is to 'stay on both sides of tho fence," something
; numbered, in printing, consecutively politicians! can't do.
iu variety, on Doth orange and t n r o Ira a stocks. Over 300 varieties' oft for tloriua and Lower South,including figs, from 1 to 1000. No one can PAGE WOVEN WIRE FENCE CO.,Adrian, Mich.FARMER' .
pomfpranatea,almonds,pecans,J.inan walnuts,Japan chestnuts;kumquats,ornamentals,


testing varieties in..".." Rmento orchards and grounds,maintained tut tha 'se at considerable"p'"'' has
been a leading feature of the business for thirteen years,and 1 has amply repaid the outlay in t Information afforded. Guided\ Send and works successfully
for ;
by results obtained In our own rose gardens we have selected and offer as espcclallvwell adapted to the climate: oUhI'rt't"lon! prices. sampler prices I
toTHE with h. p., alsoGrinding

qQ: {. I TIES : Mills
growers annual and free I !ull and correct descriptions j 40 accurate, JERSEY CITY PRINTING CO., and Water Wheels.
artistic illustrations t recent results with leading sorts t latest practice and best methods In culture and management.' Send to .r
O.'I>.TABER. Glen MaTV, Fla., for new edition (enlarged and rewritten throughontyof the Catal ',ie of mURSERIES JERSEY CITY, N.- J.
DeLoach Mill Mfg: Co..
GLEN!ST. N. 13.-We do not deal in unprinted

wrappers. 323 Highland, Ave., Atlanta, Ga"r ,



,,662 THE .flLOEIbA' tfABMEfc' ,AND FRt1tT-G1tOW: ,S SEPTEMBER 7,

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.?..,....?...?..?............,.... I INVENTED AND MANUFACTURED I IN AMERICA.f unnunxxwixuuuuxxuum
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'! These are the Instruments of the Age and the latest invention in the Musical Art ; nothing choicer or more elegant

/ v for Concert and Home. The sweet, delicate clearness of the Mandoline breathing through ;

,' the vivacity of the Banjo and Guitar tone.


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The New Society Musical Instruments.

;;: See it try it and you will be pleased. T

-?- -?. .?- For sale: py dealers in Musical Instruments. -,- 4- -i-

If not obtainable at home, write to headquarters." .

>*.t!l*?C ?? *r __ _* __ .
,, .- <: r. (Copyright,1893,by A.Pollmann)., ... '" ':.,1' I

', : ?: TIIE: $ SPIRI'T': $ OF: : lVI"tJSIC ;fE-

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L, C C ta Ii@Q@g 39O! : !1i11i11i11i1: : : : DDDDDQDJWonder.
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: Leading Dealers I

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imprisoned in the SYMPHONY-with each perforated ribbon it is released and sings. The stops vary the quality of solo and concerted effects illiraatably. The Grandeur of a I
Requiem,the Rollcking Barcarolle,or the Vivacity of a Minuet. All rendered with equal ease on the SYMPHONY. '
Farmer & I'rtxit.Grower, Solo Agent for Florida, Jacksonville, Fla. :
IllliiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiMiiiiiiiiiTroy.N.Y. ................... ...................................xuuuu.xuuxxxuuw I
On dally exhibition at: '
123 5th Ave. 111.Philadelphia. 'W. &Co. Dallas, Tex. !
New York City Broadway Chicago W. Kimball 261 Main Ste:
Boston, Mass. 453 Washington St. Leavenworth, Kan. 521 Delaware St. Pa. 1308 Chestnut St. San Diego, Cal. 1050 Fourth St.
Pittsburgr, Penn. 431Wood St. Kansas City, Mo. 206 West Ninth St. San Francisco,Cal. Rooms 12 and 14:Flood B'l'd Stockton] ,"Cal. . 255 Main St
Cincinnati, O. 23 West Fourth St. New Orleans, La. 731 Canal St. Washington, D. 0. 025' Pennsylvania Avo. Piitsflold, Mass. . 75 North S
Detroit, Mich. 67 Monroe Ave. Wilmington, Dol. 710 Market St Atlanta Ga. 63 Peachtree St. Madras, IndiaMontreal. . .
Baltimore, Md. 119 East Baltimore St. Portland, Me. 538 Congress St. Newark N.J. 657 Broad St. Canada 2268 St.Catherine Si
Brooklyn, N. y, ? 206 Fulton St. Mexico City, Calle Cadena,No.3 Louisville, Ky. 623 Fourth St. Seattle, Wash. 1018 Second St


: .




THE :PALL GARDEN. HARROWING.A the water on the plants, if there is not I a fall garden had better be started ina

. ... crabgrass sod plowed with one rain enough to extract the virtue of bed or box. If the soil is light and
: Preparing:, Planting and Cultivating. them. this seedbed be level
horse, haggled and botched, is one of porous may on a
the most exasperating things on the Sawgrass muck, salt muck, "turtle with the general surface; if it is heavy,

There will be no oranges to ship this farm to attempt to handle. Plowed grass" (an old rotted vegetable mass build a box of the size desired, wholly

fall, which will give the grower leis- properly, with two horses, ten inches found in. the edge of salt water lagoons above the surface, and fill it with soil

ure to plant something and enable deep, every furrow-slice lapped down ), ground fish, hardwood ashesare sifted to exclude the eggs of the mole

him to raise a mess of vegetables that tight on the one below, it is thoroughly all valuable. But all bulky or I cricket. Let the box be three feet

will give his depleted purse a rest satisfactory to plant and cultivate. strawy manures should be incorporated -.! high on the back side and half as highin

from buying canned goods. Lettuce, :First, go over the lands, lengthwiseonly with the soil sparingly in the fall, front, with the ,sloping side to the

radishes, cucumbers, beets and such with the disk harrow, and cut unless they can be well watered, for south; and while the plants are very

like trash are hardly worth the atten- the sod so completely that it will settle they will dry out the soil in the fall small, during the heat of the day or in

tion of laboring people, especially in and fill up every air-hole. Then hitchto drouth. For this reasonCOMMERCIAL hard showers, keep it covered with

these hard times, and even peas, according the plank-drag, which is made by FERTILIZERSare boards or with a roll of gunny cloth

to our experience seldom pay laying plank six feet long, three inches much to preferred if one can made from grain sacks and wound
for the But fresh, crisp cab- around a wooden roller which
outlay. playsup
thick and ten inches wide, lapping one afford the expense. Even if compostsare
bage, onions, potatoes, string beans, on the other weather-board fashion, used they should never be applied and down on the sloping surface.If .

cauliflower, pumpkins, parsnips and and spiking'them toa cross-piece at without the addition of something 'protection from ants is also de-

perhaps some others can be grown in each end. Get on it and ride,'stand which may be considered as a distinct sired-and sometimes this is neces-
the fall and the edge of winter not sary-let the seed box be placed on
ing; this will give it weight, and each source of potash and phosphoricacid.
all through, and are well worth the plank will push in front of it a little Composts and even animal legs a few inches long, raising it above

cost. A well managed "boiled din- loose earth, filling up every crevice, manures in general do not contain the the ground.
ner" of cabbage and potatoes a even the horse-tracks, and leave the proper quota of these two elements; SHADE AND WATER.

square of "clear side" to give the earth as smooth as a plastered wall. when made on the silicious soils of We cannot expect to live, in a climate -

whole a salty relish and in October backing and, is It may test the reader's credulity Florida, so lacking in potash and usually which permits us to raise a gar-

very'satisfactory along fashioned Irish somewhat when we say that we have also in lime and phophorus, theyare den twice a year without having some

November. An old prepared land this way smooth enoughto still more deficient. Compostsand drawbacks to encounter, and one of
onions and slices of
stew of potatoes, receive onion seed without any manure may promote a heavy these is the difficulty of starting very
addition of red
pork, or, with the pep- hand-work ; and there are few things growth of root and foliage, but noth-- small seeds in the burning sands and

pers, a Spanish stew (called "slumgullion" that require finer preparatory work ing will make vegetables so dense, under the beating rains. Where small
miners done
by Western ,) than Bermuda onion seed. crisp and sweet as a complete artifi- seeds are sown ,directly in the round
down dry, is both substantial and ap cial fertilizer. the drill at least, if not the entire sur-

petizing. In fact, there is hardly any LAZY BEDS. Northern gardeners are contented face, should be covered with wire-

end to the savory combinations or Where the cultivation of the garden if they can procure an abundant sup- grass hay, pine-straw, boards or gunny
skillful house
plain dishes which the is to be done with hoes or handplows, ply of old well rotted manure (Peter sacks and kept covered until the seedsare

wife can prepare from the productsof it is convenient to have the land Henderson said 150 two horse wagon just beginning to come through.

the garden. thrown up into beds narrow enough so loads per acre would be about right); Care must be exercised not to allow

PLOWING. that a man can reach half way across but it must be remembered that the the covering to remain too long, else

No good garden can be made on them with the hoe-handle. The beds Northern soils are not as one sided as the young plants will come up weak

,. ., new land, hence ordinarily there is may be raised ten inches high and this those of Florida. and spindling, become entangled in

nothing to be done but to break up a saves stooping. If commercial fertilizer SEED. the covering and be broken off.

piece of cowpea or crab grass sod; and is'used there will be no weed seeds In general seeds do best when WATERING.If .

this cannot be done satisfactorily with and no weeds, and no weeding by in the where the
planted region plantsare
.. planting has to be done in dry
anything less than a two-horse team hand or very little. natives. Most of
our vegetables,
few weather, pour water along in the bot-
and correspond. Very
a plow'to
like the branch of the .human familyto
MANURE. tom of the drill!, strew the seeds along!
growers would care to hitch up a two- which belong, natives of !
we are a
horse team simply to plow for a gar This subject naturally comes up colder climate than 'that of this State (and a very light sprinkle of fertilizer

den, and the best plan is to make the here, and this year it will be a, difficult: while 'northern seeds, therefore, are; will hasten maturity by'several days),
handle account'of the hard- then cover with dry earth. If the dry
garden a part of the field culture, in one to on be it is mistaketo
generally to preferred, a
of the times. will weather continues after the plants
Composts nec-
long lands, with the garden occupyingthe ness select those of the earliest varieties.
ends 'closest to the house. This essarily have to be resorted to for the'' come up, run a light furrow close
These would be at the North
will prevent unnecessary'turning witha greater part, and it,is to be hoped that proper alongside with a hand plow'fill it with
but here the stimulating warmth of a
heavy team, and when the cultiva- these have already been prepared, or subtropical climate brings the plants water, wait until it settles, then cover
else the will be so late as to be with a return furrow.
when garden
tion of crop comes on, a one- forward with such 'a flashy'quickness
horse plow will probably be employed, of little value. If the place has been The watering of the garden can be
that they will amount to little or
the turning can be done on a strip left settled sometime there will be found a managed admirably in connection with
considerable of valuable mat- nothing.A domestic sanitation. In our light soils
for this It is taken quantity
unplanted purpose.
the road and railroad ditches country'store is a poor place where water soaks so easily into the
for granted that the garden will require ter along ,
which seeds.
purchase garden
finer and more frequent working than but this will be so full of weed seedsas well no kitchen slops should be
in this
Seeds lose their vitality rapidly
occasion work than it is thrown on the ground. Let them be
the field crops. And, of course, the to more
climate and old seeds
are nearly or
garden will receive also much heavier worth unless it can be heated in 'the conveyed away at stated periods,
worthless. Old seeds be
hot to destroy the quite' may either in buckets or in a barrel placedon
field enough
than the compost
detected their lack of which
by gloss
wheels. Have tank in the
of the seeds. But two a
is found germinating .
it to
Frequently impossible power
i is caused by the evaporation of the
middle the for the
who determined to have a garden receptionof
and the is
turn a sod completely over lap a man
in the
that is outer
oil always
present this and throw into it
. find stores of fertiliz- waste water
furrow-slice so close down as to leaveno good garden can shell of fresh,seeds.
seam for the vegetation to grow up ing matter, even in Florida, aroundold occasionally a peck of poultry manure,
Seeds are often condemned because
and, under the stirring it in well. Thus will be secured -
log-heaps stumps,
This be accomplishedby
may they do not sprout readily, when the
the use of a wheel coulter and by stable, in thefence corners,.etc. fault is rather in the sterile soil than a quantity of liquid fertilizer,
I best form for in drouth and
mold board Tobacco stems are an excellent and the use a ,
putting on above the a
in the seed: A seed is scarcely less
diluted it will
fertilizer and be used when sufficiently serve
inches wide
steel wing about three cheap ; may responsive to fertility than a growing
and reaching out about two inches beyond without waiting for the process of plant; if the moisture which causes it for irrigation purposes.

the end of the moldboard on composting or rotting. They may be to swell and germinate is laden with VARIETIES.
thin in the bottom of drill
strewn: a ,
right. plant-food it tells on it from the very We have this week to indicate
with inch of earth room
covered two
After more than forty years' experience an or ,
beginning. There is reason and
seeds only a few points as to each, giving
the and the planted directly over
farmer and gardener
as a science in the old saying that the
distance and depth to plant.
them with results. Of course apart
writer attaches much importance to good
so acme: of poverty in a soil i is
the of them must be light to Celery-Boston Market; rows eigh-
that plowing of a sod whichcan layer
thorough reached when it is too to sprout
poor inches in trenches
teen as deepas
be done only with a two-horse prevent the soil from drying out in the white beans. apart
the earth between be bankedup
fall drouth and this be supple- can
plow that he would say, if you cannot may
STARTING PLANTS. six inches in the
mented strewing them on the ; row.
afford to keep two horses, hire one by
from your neighbor for the few hours ground alongside the growing plants, Cabbage, cauliflower, tomato, celery Turnips-White Egg, White Flat

that may be necessary. or by soaking them well and pouring and perhaps some other plants for Dutch, rutabaga j rows a foot apart ;

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.664 tffife ii'to1dbA: : FARM R Abb T-GROWieR. 1t. .l:1 I'E fnER' 7,. : i



you know ,who,you are dealing with. "CHEAP" Fertilizers are dear at any price. Our motto is, "GOOD FERTILIZER CHEAP," (not
Cheap Fertilizers at Low Prices,) and we point with pride to the reputation attained by the LITTLE BROS.' Brands wherever used.
For present conditions we recommend the use of the following brand described in our Circular Letter of December 31, 1894, and which has already
been used extensively: ,

,Special attention is also called to the following brand :
1'I' 1JCK: : Rg R'ririzE i .

Ammonia...........i..6 to 7 per I. cent." Ammonia I ............. ....2 to 4.per cent.
Phosphoric to
Acid..4 Available Acid..6 to 8 "
; Potash, (Actual.3) too Potash/Actual Phosphoric) .............4 to 6 II "
PRICE $32.00 Per ,Ton f. o. bit Jacksonville. PRICE, $22.00 Per Ton, f. o. b., Jacksonville.

Lowest prices ,on Cotton Seed Meal, Nitrate Soda, Sulphates and,Muriates of Potash. Write us for prices on any thing you may need. .

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thin to six inches; cover seed a quarter trimming back of ,the sprouts neces- down by spraying, and in most,places station'' at Amherst, Mass.
:;;.of an inch. sary to bring the buds out., there will be one or more groves that 1 In comparison< of plants grown
.Beets-Egyptian Turnip; about the Some groves have been abandonednot will not be sprayed, and they then become I by electric aid with those raised according -
same,as turnips; soak seed twentyfourhours a great many, though-and the breeding places to send out fliesto to natural methods, it is
and cover one inch.CarrotsShorthorn work of the rest .has been very light those who will spray. I I, found that those furnished with elec-
; same as tur and they are full of grass and weeds.S. I am sure the orange growers would ,, tricity mature much earlier and more
nips.Parsnips P. SHEPHERD. be benefited by having this matter perfectly.
-Hollow Crown; same as Palm Springs, Fla. thoroughly investigated. Let us hear After learning of the wonderful. -results -
above. .- from every one who has traced the from experiments as yet In em-
'Cabbages and cauliflower-For cab- To Bud or Not to Bud. white fly to its start in any locality.A. 'I bryo, it would seem that we may yet
bage, Jersey Wakefield and Winningstadt Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: J. PETTIGREW. see the day when there will be many
;' for,-"'caul flo'Yer, Early Erfurt. Would you kindly give me some in- Manatee, Fla. harvestings on a farm each summer. (
Raise in beds,and transplant two feet formation, which I am sure will be as I'' The origin of the white fly has The Boston "Evening, Transcript" 1
apart.: interesting to others as to myself.In never been determined. It is known states the possibilities of electro-cul-- i
Peas-In the fall plant nothing but consequence of the freeze my only in Florida,and Louisiana and in I. ture as follows : ;!
the Everbearing. ,Plant six inches sweet sedling grove was cut down to this State it made its first appearance I "The modern farmer will erect ;
deep, not an inch less. Sow from the ground last March, but I am happy about. Gainesville and Panasoflkee.It lines of high poles throughout his j
September: i to 15, and later rows fora to say, nearly, all the trees have is probably a native of this State, fields, supporting not only mechan-
succession. sprouted again nicely, some. of the which had been formerly living on isms for gathering the atmospheric,, i
Onions-It is not worth while to sprouts being quite tall. other, evergreen trees or shrubs and electricity, but also immense electric j
bother with ,anything else.than the Now, as budding near, the ground came to the notice of observers only ,lights for supplying'sunshine' by night.. :
Bermuda iri this State. Rows a foot necessitates cutting the sprouts down when )it migrated 4o the orange. I Who can say but;that forests will someday I
apart ;" ,cover seed a half inch deep. again, and I am loath to cut away the Professor H. J. Webber, of the U. be made to grow up from seeds I I
Thin to'six inches. year's growth, I would rather allow the S.. Experiment Station at Eustis, has I in but a few months, or that the builders -
Beans=German Wax ; rows two trees to grow, as sweet sedlings, which more than once explained,to our read- of new houses may not grow,shade- I
feet apart; drill the seed in; cover two are good enough for any body, if only ers how this pest could be completely trees about,.their homes in that time ? I
inches deep.Ilant they would bear as soon as budded. exterminated, and that is by the destruction Florists will then be able to manufacture -
no seed without ',thoroughly My trees are fourteen years old, i. e. or defoliation of all the plants, natural flowers in less time thanit
firming the soil above it. Roll or they were planted nine years ago and shrubs and trees, aside from the orange now takes to plant them-all by
tread, it down to prevent drying out. were five years old when planted. where it occurs. This list em-I harnessing the lightning of the hea:
Under the circumstances would you braces fifteen varieties, some of which vens-for all atmospheric; electricityis
advise me to bud them, cutting them occur in vast quantities in the forestsof lightning-and by creating a substi-
Cheering Notes from the Front. down,to the ground, of couse, or let Florida. This remedy 'is evidently tute for the sun. And if plants can
Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: them keep their year's beautiful, phe- quite as impossible of execution as it thus be domesticated by electricity
Our orange groves in this section nomenal, growth, and trust to them to would be to trap all the snakes in the why can't the next step be its applica-
are recovering as fast as might .be' ,expected fruit just as early? An answer will State. tion to domesticated animals? 'Tis
when it is considered what greatly oblige, Our correspondent is on the right : difficult to imagine that a calf might
they passed through. Some trees have ABSENTEE GROVE OWNER. track and we earnestly second his be grown to a milch-cow, a colt to a
growth fifteen feet high,. and bid fair Quebec, Canada. suggestions. strong horse, or a newlyhatchedchicken
to give some oranges next year, while The above questions are mostly answered to a laying. hen, merely by
some are only just getting ready to by our Palm Springs corres- Electro-Horticulture. placing them in incubators for a few
grow. There are no dead roots yet, pondent. It is the general opinion of From the Florida Ruralist. hours. All of this seems more 'probable -
and the'number of trees that have not experienced growers that the time lost One of the most interesting of the I now than did .electroculture of
made a start is not more than five per in cutting back the natural sprouts many miracles which scientific men plants a generation ago."
cent. In young groves about four and budding will be regained, if not are learning to perform by the aid of One of our consuls in the German
years old a great many of the trees more, by the earlier and more abun- electricity is the artificial growth of Empire reports the successful application -
are ,as ,high as they were last. dant bearing of the trees thus created. plants, technically known as electro- of electricity to plowing, and if to
Dead limbs an inch or so in diameter -, Will our contributors kindly throw culture or electro-horticulture. Inter- plowing the inference is to most other
are beginning to fall from the tops any additional light they can on this esting experiments in these lines are kinds of farm work. Already electric
left standing; a great many growers question. now being carried out at several of sheep-shearing is successfully per-
here have not cut off their, trees. the experiment stations of the Departments formed in England and Australia;
The borers have been working in Death to the White Fly. of Agriculture. and this would seem more difficult
the dead parts of the old bodies, and Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: .Several: distinct systems of electro- than the general lighting and heating .'
are causing a good deal of alarm, butI The white fly is yet in Florida in culture are being tested.. One of of the farm house.In .
find on examination that when he several places, and it.has not been sufficiently these is,the direct application of elec- most parts of the South are greateror
bores in the living green parts that a 'publicly investigated. I thinkit tricity, furnished by the dynamo, to lesser water powers that could be
gum fills!,his hole up, and the sprouts is a native insect, and if it is some the plant itself ,and to the soil in utilized for generating power that couldbe
continue to grow with vigor. It has native enemy will soon overtake it. If which it grows. Another is the distribution conducted by wire to any distance ,
been best to leave all the sprouts just ten or more persons would write to of atmospheric electricity within twenty miles, with ,slight loss,
as they come up, (for this year at least. THE FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER among the plants by a similar method. and could be utilized to do the farm
All efforts to bud trees ought to have how' they think they got it in their vi- Still other tests are being made with work. Coal is also abundant in many
been) postponed until next spring, for cinity, it might? be that we could arriveat both arc and incandescent electric parts of the South, where cheap power
buds put in then will catch up with a conclusion as to its being native.. lights, for supplying 'sunlight, so to could be generated at a central point,
the sickly ones of this year. For surely or not; and if not a native, we should speak, at night. The first mentioned and transmitted to where required for
the trees have been shocked enough ,send to its n'atiye.place for.its e.nemies. experiments are being carried on by all farm purposes to which it is appli-
by cold not to have to undergo the It is costly and troublesome to fight it Prof. C. D. Warner of the experiment cable.v '


-- -. .- .-. -- -- -. -



., ,.,.
,' ,' -
Budding Orange Trees. up by the summer pinching back above Strawberry Notes. I the first beating rain will either coverahd
Many of the most successful orange recommended. The winter pruning of In reply to question we wouldsay : .smother,it with sand"br exposethe
budders now dispense with the waxed itself, however, will not cause,,them to that the standard varieties for this State. roots. If there are only a few choice
strips of cloth for wrapping up the bear additional fruit. are the Noonan. (of which the"'Alabama plants, it will pay to shade each one
buds. They depend entirely on wrap- .0_, Noonan is only an improved descendant with a palmetto leaf stuck slanting in
ping them tight with twine, pressingthe Georgia Peaches."Georgia invigorated by a short resi- the ground, but on a large scale this
buds so close to the stocks that no_ peaches",have a national. dence on the soils of Alabama), the fussing will not pay.
rain water can get in behind them. if not an international, reputation Cloud, the Hoffman and the Wilson. Get the plants into the ground at
The bud is slipped up in the j, cut, through this year's product. More The Cloud ;'is an imperfect bloomer, once, so that they may make a good
the twine, is started at the bottom of peaches have ,been raised and mar- and must be, planted in connectionwith growth this fall.
the bud being looped over itself, keted than ever before in the historyof perfect bloomers, like the Noo ..p -
wound very tight and close until the the State. They are -large and nan, to insure fruit. The Pestilent Joint Grasses.
wound is wholly closed, then 'a gash is juicy, and in the Eastern markets, I Any soil that will produce corn will Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower:
made in the bark an inch or two above am told, have almost entirely sup produce strawberries, but it is very up- I I have been much interested in Ma-
the bud, and the end of the twine is planted the tasteless California hill ,work to raise them on light sands. jor Campbell's articles on growing
caught in the gash, making tying unnecessary peaches.-Hoke Smith. The heavier and wetter the soil the grasses here. Good pastures are nec-
Evidence to the same effect comes better, provided there is thorough essary to good farming. In our or-
Nothing but the best buds shouldbe from various quarters. A New drainage and the water,does not stand ange section we have not.paid much
selected, well ripened wood about Yorker, who is always on the lookoutfor among the, roots. This, of f ..course, applies attention to having pastures. A great
the size of a lead pencil. See that the the latest and best thing in the to South Florida, where there is many growers have no more land.
',. eyes of buds are full and plump, as way of fruit, writes the Citizen as fol- clay. Clay does not suit the strawberry cleared than was set to trees. ,Or-
they will always put out good, strong lows : well. In._heavy land there shouldbe ange growing was the, all-absorbing
canes or shoots; if immature buds are "You may be interested to know beds thrown up ,(from eight to twelve pursuit. Growing farm crops and
. used they are sure to remain dormant that the Southern peach is running the feet,wide,with''water-furrows ten inches grasses were neglected. It was
a long time, and in many instances can California peach out of the market. deep between Make bed full in the thought cheaper to buy what was
never be'excited into growth. The fruit from the Pacific Co I st has middle to shed the rainfall. In our article I needed to feed on than to raise it.
Trim ,the stock six or eight inches always been fair to look upon, but on Fall ,Garden this week will be Now that the,orange tops.are setback
above the'ground, so that the buds can most deceptive to taste, always' lack- f found particulars as to plowing and for some time, it is necessary to interest -
be inserted as low as possible. Witha ing flavor. The Georgia peach that preparing land. ourselves in the humbler farm," crops
budding knife make a cut in the we have had in abundance this sum- For hand culture, which ,is almost and grasses. -
bark the shape of a large j, havingthe mer is handsome in appearance, andas universal here, set the plants in rows We can grow good crops of crab-
cut across the stock. Take the good as it looks." eighteen or twenty inches apart and grass that will give as many months
bud shoot between the thumb and finger ._.H twelve,to fifteen inches in the row, the of grazing as any grass I ever saw,
of the left hand, with the point Sprouting Orange Trees. greater distance in the richer soil. with very little expense of preparingthe
away from you, and gently cut the There is still a wide diversity' of Make a marker consisting of a frame land and none for seed. Beggar
bud off, drawing the knife toward you. opinion as to which would have been with a handle to push by'and having weed makes fine grazing from July
Make the cut as thin as possible; take the better course, to cut the trees to four boards underneath shaped like until late in the fall. '
off as little of the wood as possible; insert the ground at once after the freeze or sled runners to slide alotfg the groundand On our low and rich lands winter
the bud into the slit, pulling it up, to leave the old trees standing and make marks. Stretch a line to grass makes good fall and winter graz-
which the shape of the stem permits await developments. Each plan has get the rows straight, and run the ing.Maiden .
more readily than it does shoving it its advocates, and the average man marker by this; one 'runner touchingthe cane, when kept grazed
down. No wood need be removed seems to have learned little by ''the line. Make a punch of wood six close, makes a very' fair pasture. It
from the bud, shield if it is wrapped lesson of the freeze. If we were feet long with a smooth point tapered has one quality that condemns it with
tight enough to force the shield to con called upon to go through another down about three inches long. Ac- most people; it is quite hard to get
form to'the curve of the stock.If such experience there would be the custom 'yourself to punch holes with rid'of.
this until can judge the right distance I cannot help disagreeing with the
for fall budding the twine can remain same uncertainty as to the proper you
on for two or three weeks before course'to pursue.-Citi en. by the eye, then go into the Major on his claims for Johnson grass.It .
being removed. The stock is allowedto --- p..-- patch and punch holes along the is a pest from way back, and I ,will
remain untouched until the follow- Wood Lice. marks. They need not row but one warn all of our farmers to severelylet
ing spring, when it is cut down to with- Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower. way; cross cultivation is not necessary.If it alone. It extends itself by underground -
in four or six inches of the bud, the left I would suggest to my fellow orange the plants can be obtained near cane-like roots. Plowing
part above the bud answering well to growers to watch close for white antsor by take them up with a garden trowel, carries the roots further to different
tie the young shoot to. This shouldbe wood lice in the dead stumps. each with a ball of earth as large as parts of the field, until all is thick set
done as soon as it is four or five They are doing serious damage in one's fist. Cut in on the opposite side with the miserable stuff. The seedsare
inches long, as, it keeps, the shoot many places, as they work down and first, then next to you, to get up the carried to other fields by birds and
straight, making fine, straight trees.- under the live bark, at and below the ball unbroken.If animals: to make a beginning or nucleus -
Florida Citizen. surface of the ground. The best rem- the plants have to be shipped, from which it will spread all over
.. -- .- edy that I have found for the pests is get them out of the package as soon those fields. The seeds will keep
Pruning the Kelsey Plum. to thoroughly clean them out, killingthe as possible, and if the ground is not germinating for years on a lot where
The Kelsey plum tends naturally to last one to be seen ; and if they ready dip them in water and heel you try to kill it out. I am acquainted -
long, willowy growth, which, in orderto have worked down under the live bark in a shady place, that is, spread with the vegetable monster, and
make the trees more stocky, shouldbe pare out with a sharp knife as far as them out thin in rows, lean them to his acquaintance has been entirely too
frequently cut or pinched back. they have gone. Also scrape the one side and cover the roots with fine intimate. The Legislature of Texas
Trees that have grown in orchard a earth from between the crown roots earth wetted and well pressed down. has made it a 'crime for the farmers to
year 'without pinching back of new exposing to the sun. Fresh slacked Set as soon as possible, but only in sow it in that State. They were wise,
growth, should have at least half of lime or a strong decoction of tobacco the afternoon, say after three o'clock.It and, I wish ours would do the same.I .
the l season's growth cut back. If will not kill them. will pay better to get lamps and do not blame one for making what
the trees are run over two or three GEO. WILLICOMBE. work until nine o'clock than to set in use of it he can when he has it on his
times during the summer season and DeLeon Springs, Fla. the forenoon. If it is very dry fill place, but when 'he recommends it for
the new growth, pinched back with the .'. each hole with water and let it settle other people I am reminded. one ofyEsop's
thumb and forefinger after it has attained Heretofore 'H. H. Dickson has always before the plant is placed in it. Take fables, which is too familiar
a length of a foot or fifteen purchased grain and horse feed great care not to let dry earth crumble with your readers to be quoted here.
inches, it will cause the tree to thickenup generally from the west to sell Orange into the hole. Press the roots up When I read of some of our growers
and assume a more stocky shape county farmers who were so weddedto against the firmest side of the hole; cram I. who recommend Bermuda grass in
without sacrificing any wood. This the orange industry that they neg- moist earth well down; be sure to groves I always remember that old
summer pinching is, by all odds, the lected everything else. Now the tables leave no air.hole to dry out. Hit the fox. From all joint and nut grasses
best method of treating the Kelsey have turned, and Friday Mr. earth hard with your fist at the finishto may the goood Lord deliver us !
plum and will cause it to bear more Dickson bought a car load of corn pack it; make it so solid that when If one is so unfortunate as to have
take hold of a leaf and pull it some of these grasses on his place andis
fruit by giving it more bearing capacity from one of the very farmers to whomhe you
but, as above stated, trees that used to sell corn.-Orange County will break off before it will fetch the determined to get rid of them let
Do the leaves him a good steel plow and in the
have never had this summer pinching Reporter. plant. not pick green get
,back should be cut back considerablythe ( off the plant before setting. Be sure spring turn the lot over, plowing close.
( winter season is the best for this) On one day last week $3,000 worthof to have the bud or crown of the plant In two weeks cross plow. Then oncea
in order to get the basis for the stocky sponge was sold on the docks in when set just on a level with the gen- week run over with a cultivator, cut-
eral surface if low too high ting off and dragging out the roots
growth, and this can then be followed Key West. ; too or

.. .. .,; .'. 6 L





"THE ;' :::

"" '.

A Complete High Grade, Fertilizer, Especially Adapted toTtV .'
,;, ,ARLX 'V"EGET.A.B: :ES !%NI: : > O1 MQ]: T EE: $."' ..
',"V' ,'. .,, ..I. .. ..', '. : 'f", ,
.: . Ammonia 4 to 6I cent.Available .' :
., : ;' j qr, ;:' .. !. ," oi.; ; }2 7.2 per ';-
-,. Phosphoric Acid, 4: to 6 per cent.
Potash (Actual) 6 to 8 per, cent.
Equivalent to Sulphate of Potash, 11 to 13 per cent.
Made Exclusively from Cotton Seed Meal,. Nitrate of Soda, Blood and Bone, Acid Phosphate and, Sulphate of Potash.
We also have a large supply of'the Celebrated H., J. Baker & Bro.'s Complete Vegetable. and Orange Tree Manures. Also a Complete
Stock of. all Agricultural Chemicals Fine Ground Tobacco Stems, C.. S. Meal, Blood' and Bone, Fine Ground Bone, Potash, Etc.

Us, for Prices before Buying.


and exposing ,them to the sun. In plant the whole potato from last twenty.five pounds of seed per acre. manure is always full of weed and
June sow down heavy to peas, to spring's crop in the bottom of the fur- The stand must be thick enough to grass seeds that have not been digested,
shade out any shoots that may still row. Cover three or four inches. As enable the crop to hold its own against and which are really in better condi-
come up. _The idea is to smother out soon as the potatoes are ready to work the weeds and weedy grasses which tion to grow than seed scattered natur-
all the underground cane roots, which gradually draw the earth to them. would otherwise take''possession of the ally in 'the field.
I can be.done by never letting any of it In heavy muck land it is better to field. As soon as the young plantsace To fertilize the alfalfa field with
grow for some months.I plant,near the surface. I would not up high enough to mark the rows barnyard manure is to deliberately sowa
had Johnson grass scattered over advise to plant too many potatoes in cultivation must be begun with a stir- lot of injurious weed seeds. If the
an acre of hammock land. I took it the fall. Plant your market crop the ring plow or horse cultivator. Crabgrass manure. has been thoroughly rotted
all out with a I hoe, getting ,out all the first of January. While I did not suc-; ; foxtail and Bermuda must be under shelter it will do, but not so
roots. It kept coming, up from the ceed, on account of the freeze,'my kept out of the field the first season, well as though it had been applied to
s seed for three years. With good,steel friend succeeded well. From one- and all perennial weeds, such as John. the previous crop to be mixed and distributed -
Clipper plows I am not troubled muchin half barrel he received nine barrels, son grass, plantain, dock and wild on- through the soil before, the,
cropping by maiden cane which is which brought $45. His fertilizerwas ion carefully destroyed. If the drill ground was plowed for alfalfa. ,A
the easiest of all the joint grasses to a compost heap made of fish.. rows are kept clean, and the soil is dressing of commercial fertilizers,
kill out. Try this method. kept mellow by frequentstirrings, the compost or cotton-seed cake, cultiva-
Nut grass can only be gotten rid of W. F. RAMSEY. alfalfa will have no difficulty in holding ted in between the drills, will increasethe
by getting all the roots out of the Naples, Fla. its own, and if cut often, and not yield of hay and green forage. Ifa
ground.and when one has a patch of .-. allowed to go to seed, it will, when heavy top dressing of oil cake be
it,he certainlv 01 ,has a iob on his hands Alfalfa in Florida.If once established, cover the field and applied just after the young plants
to remove it. we are ever to make a success of keep ahead of the weeds. have come up, the growth will be'
My advice to all those who haveno alfalfa culture in Florida it will be by As soon as the alfalfa is from twelveto stimulated and the yield be heavier.
joint or nut grasses on their placesis means of some such method as the following sixteen inches high the first crop Barnyard manure may be applied in
to let them alone. There are which we extract from an excellent can be mowed, and from that time it the second autumn and in each year
enough nuisances"here already in the government bulletin (Farmers' can be cut as often as it grows high afterwards, because there will then be
( shape of spur grasses, etc., that we Bulletin No. 31)) on the'subject of Alfalfa enough. It.is. very important that the less danger of the alfalfa being chokedout
have to fight without wilfully adding or Lucern: plants get a good footing and develop by weeds. It is better to apply
R to the list. Experiment and practice have good? root systems_ the. .first _season.Alfalfa this dressing in autumn or early win-
Can you ,not give ,us some pointson proved that good results may be ob- when fully established, yieldsas ter than in the spring, on account of
strawberry culture ? We would tained from either autumn or spring much,as six, eight, ten twelve, and the weeds. The average life of alfalfain
like to know what kind of land suitsit sowing. In the Southern States more sometimes sixteen tons of dry hay per the South has not been definitely
best; how to prepare the land; what depends upon the condition of the acre per annum. The richer and determined. The plant, however, will
j are the best plants; the kind of fertil- land than the alfalfa itself. Farmers cleaner the-land, and the more thor last just as long as the field can be
izers to use and how to get the best who have been successful with this oughly the soil has been prepared be- kept clean, and will be profitable as
plants for the next year's setting? hay crop agree, in the main; that the fore sowing the seed, the larger will long as the hay crop amounts to 4 or
S. ,P. SHEPHERD.Palm best stand and best yield follow sow- be the net profit from each acre. more tons per acre. With good care,
Springs, Fla.. .. ing in drills, far enough apart to per- Alfalfa in the South should follow the yield ought to be much more than
mit cultivation during the first season. some hoed crop, either cotton or corn, this-say a ton per acre at each cut
Best Potato for Fall Planting. The Southern farmer must fight con. that has been kept fre from weeds.In ting and seven or eight cuttings each
Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower. tinuously against the' many weedy sections where the cotton-root rot year. .
Now, as the fall of the year is draw. grasses that spring up in his fields, and is prevalent it is not advisable to plant I
ing near, I want to call your readers' that will choke out the young cultivated alfalfa in fields which are infected with A prominent citizen of this county,
attention to the Irish potato patch. If plants if allowed to gain the upper this disease, for it is probable that the hoping to better his financial condition,
you will do a little free advertising I hand. If an attempt is made to estab- root-rot of alfalfa is identical with that went to the much-talked-of Jamaica,
will mention a potato for South Florida, lish a field of alfalfa by sowing the seed of cotton, and if the seed is sown upon where he spent three months. He has
and where it can be obtained-H. G. broadcast, crab grass and foxtail are land thus infected the crop will surelybe now returned to his grove here, whichhe
Hastings' First Laurel. This potato on hand to choke out' the seedlings lost. Turnips fed on the groundto will proceed to bring out, and says
cannot be surpassed asa table variety, before they can get. fairly started, andit sheep, or the long, white carrots he is satisfied to remain in Florida;
while it is very productive.I is only in exceptionally favorable raised for horse or cattle feed, make a that he would not live in Jamaica,and
am a Northern farmer, but I find years that a good stand can be' ob good crop to precede alfalfa, espe advises Floridians to keep away from
that our style will not do here; the tained in this way. A sufficient stand cially if the ground has been carefully there.-Leesburg Commercial.
sooner we leave off this style of farming can never be counted on. Septemberand manured for them. This forage plant .
the better itwill:; be for us.: To ob- February are the two months responds quickly to manuring ; no
tain the best results on light soil use which have been found best for the other fodder plant responds more L. A. Bard, of Palm Beach, was
the French system. Run a deep fur sowing of alfalfa. The seed shouldbe l promptly to intensive cultivation. Yet here Monday buying ,all the vegeta-
row, say twelve inches deep, fertilizing drilled in rows sixteen inches to I it is not advisable to apply stable manure bles he could get for to supply the demand -
j, with potash and chicken manure, and two feet apart, at the rate of twenty to I when preparing the ground. Such in Palm Beach.-Daytona News.



Horticultural Items. time when our main source:of incomeis 1 <\
Strawberry plants fail to grow more completely cut off., There is no : \ ....;;*.
frequently from being set too deeply need to go West for our corn at any -
s13 nan from any other, cause. The crown rate. ALBION. APOPKA FLORIDA. ;
should always,be above the surface of Federal Point, Fla.
,'y i the ground. A dibble is better than + THOROUGHBRED + ,

A trowel for planting-when the holeis INDIAN GAMES. "l'i
made the long fine roots should be .
Poultry.Edited Good General Purpose'Fowl. Best Table Fowl known.
placed in the hole and the earth I
about them. It __ _._ BLACK MINORCAS. d-:-''
pressed very tightly -------------------------------------r ---- :
there is danger of a dry time, water by S. DeLANOY' Apopka, Fla. Greatest layer oflarge,White Eggs.!
may be put in the dibble hole and al BLACK LANGSHANS. "

lowed to soak away before the plant is The Buff Leghorns.The General purpose Fowl, Best Asiatic for'Florida
set in.-Meehan's Monthly.
After a crop of peaches (which tendsto favor with which Buff Leg FOWLS FOR SALE. 8KB: EGGS IN SEASON.A .

exhaust the vitality of the tree some- horns have been received in the North few Cockerels at $i 50 and $2 oo. Will cost more next month. Buy now and save SO per
what) they should be trimmed by cut- and West is certainly flattering to so cents. Fowls shipped at single express rates. One half the usual cost.

ting three to four feet or more of those young a breed. MEAT MEAL, CRYSTAL GRIT, OYSTER SHELL, ETC.. ,
Their popularity and excellent qual-
branches that extended farthest from
s. s. DeIAl TOY PROP.
ities evinced the fact that .
are by
the body or the center of the tree;
this will check the flow of sap in those large a number of reputable breeders Having other property,wi11 sell my:Orange and Poultry Farm located on Lake Apopka. 18 f
most vigorous branches, and increasethe have added them to their list, and in Acres, 12 in Grove. Good building,'stoek. implements Bargain price. Terms easy; or will "
exchange for well located Write.
vigor and strength of the more fee- nearly every case, after experience, ..
give them preference to other varie- --
ble ones, and, as a whole, greatly re '
How Much Feed Per Hen. them somewhat hungry, and to;induce ,
store and equalize the vigor and symmetry ties.They
of the tree.-Country Gentle- are larger than the Browns or I How much food should a hen be them to scratch. This is the only
man. Whites, and lay as, many eggs, ,the allowed so as to give her enough and way to know how much food>to; give. .
All stone fruits require liberal sup- size of which rivals those laid by Mi- yet not overfeed, her ? This is a diffi- 10. Foods also vary, and it is not v

plies of potash. Peaches require more, norcas. cult question tOanswer, although it is always an easy matter to procure two
because:the stone is larger, and also This wave of popular favor has extended frequently asked. Before attempt- lots of foods that are alike in quality,
because the trees ,are almost always to the South, a section partic- ing to give an estimate for a'ration we and no two hens will eat the same
: planted on sandy soil, which is deficient ularly adapted to Leghorns and other will present the following points : amount of food nor the same kind as
,: in potash. It is the attempt of close-feathered breeds. This seasona I. No two hens are alike; one will readily as they will other foods.
i the tree to perfect its fruit with an inadequate great many all over the South have eat more food than will its compan- I I. The point is not to overfeed.
supply of potash that weakens taken up the Buff, and in a year or ions. This is where the most mistakes are
j its vitality and predisposes the two there will be as many Buff Leg- 2. A hen that is producing eggs requires made. When a hen is overfed she
I tree to attacks of the yellows. This I horns in the South as there are more food than non-layer, and becomes lazy and sluggish, is1 subjectto
Browns. the the indigestion, becomes too fat t and
disease is,one of bacterial germs, but yet non-layers may secure
they work most freely on trees whose I The Buffs are prolific, and in this larger share. will lay but few eggs, Soft'shell eggsor
!: vitality has been weakened. It was climate, with ordinary attention, will 3. Brahmas are larger than Leg double-yolk eggs,indicate tKat hens
I once believed that liberal doses of pot- lay in winter equal to any of the horns and eat more food. One are overfed. ,
ash would cure trees affected by the larger breeds. .: I Brahma hen may also eat more than 12. Keep sharp grit before the hens.
yellows. This is now contradicted by They are very healthy, rapid growers I another hen of the same breed. Also keep a cigar box filled with
the best authorities, but, no one doubts ; and mature early, making excel- 4. A hen may eat greedily today ground bone (not bone meal)," where
; the effectiveness of potash in keepingthe lent broilers. In a recent letter a and yet eat but little to-morrow. Appetites they can help themselves. If .you
trees healthy and preventing dis noted Indian Game breeder, who got differ and vary with hens the want eggs, reduce the grain supply
ease. some Buff Leghorn eggs (from me the same as with humans. and give more lean meat and, cut clover
I past spring, says that at two months 5. A hen may eat largely of grainone hay, scalded. Bran, middlings,
I A Florida Corn Crop. old the Buffs weighed as much as In- day and prefer some other food milk, cabbage, potatoes, etc., or any
Having heard a great deal about a dian Games of the same age, and ex- the next day. variety of food will also be an advant-
fine corn crop now growing at Hast- presses the opinion that they will keepup 6. A quart of corn per day for ten age.-Poultry Monthly.
ings, (between Augustine and Palatka), with them until they are three hens is the estimate, but if the hens ..
I took a ride out there the other-day months old. eat grass, worms or other foods, the How to Kill the Borer.
to see for myself. My first feeling They are well adapted for a market amount must be deducted from the Mr. J. S. Bispham is fighting the
was one of disappointment, as the crop fowl, having plump, medium sized grain. How can it possibly be done? borer in his frosted grove trees with a
did not look to be anything extra, but bodies, yellow skin, free from dark 7. A quart of corn per day may be mixture of one peck of unslacked lime,
when, upon close inspection, I noticedthe marks usually seen in colored fowls, the correct ''amount for one flock of two quarts of flour of sulphurone quartof
large; plump ears almost bursting caused by pin feathers, and clean yellow ten hens, while another flock may crude carbolic acid, made ''as fol- .

with fatness, from two to three to the legs. consume two.quarts. .. lows: Place the sulphur and carbolic,
stalk, and'one variety, which I was One of my customers reports cockerels 8. It is, therefore, impossible to acid in a barrel and add water suffi-
told was called the "Whitecap," had crowing at sixteen days old, measure out a certain quantity of foodas cient to slack the lime. This will heat
from five to six well formed ears to the which beats the record as far as I a regular ration for a flock, as the the mixture enough to cause the car-
stalk. There are thirty.five acres in know, though four weeks is not unu- amount of food required can only be bolic acid and sulphur to c >mbine.
corn and it is estimated by corn raisers known after the hens have eaten. When the combination is complete
I that the yield will be from 1,000to sual.They are very interesting from the 9. The best way to feed is to give I add enough water to make twenty-five:
1,400 bushels. The land is prairie time they hatch, though it is almost about one half as much as you may gallons of the mixture. :
land and consists of a sandy loam impossible to know what they will be suppose they may require in the Use this as a wash or spray on the
which seems to stand dry. weather until fully .feathered. Sometimes a morning. Then scatter millet seed trees every few days, and soon the
very well. The farm is owned by very dark chick, perhaps striped, will (about a tablespoonful) in leaves and borers will disappear.
Thomas White, the maker of the turn out a very even, jiice buff, and litter, so as to make them work by Mr. Bispham says he has tried' thisand
"White Sewing Machine." It was often a white chick>will color up intoa scratching. This will keep them knows it to be as represe ted.- '
cleared and formerly owned by U. J. rich buff. warm, harden the flesh and promote Florida Citizen. '
White, "The Prince of Hustlers," who The per cent. of standard birds from their appetites. At night give them all ....
has done so much for the "East well mated pens is equal to that of they will eat. When each hen has Loaded with 15,000 two-quart Mason '
Coast." Four hundred pounds of fertilizers any breed. I have even bred them, had enough she will walk away from jars and a complete outfit for extracting -'
per acre was used and althoughI and in one or two more years as largea the food. When the last hen has fin- the juice of the luscious'guava, :
think there would have been a good. per cent of strictly fancy birds can ished her meal remove the food thatis for which purpose the expedition was
crop on such land without manuring, be expected from them as from the left over. In other words, weighthe organized, the trim schooner "EdithA.
yet the expense of fertilizing was a Whites or Browns. food, give it to the hens, and ." sailed from Ormond on the morn.
judicious outlay. Mr. White is a millionaire The remarkably rich, lustrous plum- when each hen has eaten, all havingleft ing of Aug. 'n, bound for BiscayneBay.
I and stands in no need of the age, and symmetrical appearance of the food, weigh that which re On board were Jas. Carnell,
j money he will make out of his corn, the Buff Leghorn, together with its mains. You will then know just how proprietor and originator of the business -
I but I think he deserves great credit for useful qualities, entitles it to a front much a dozen hens will eat at a meal. as commodore; also C. Harod!
k showing what Florida can do in the rank as a fancy fowl.-Southern Poul The next morning give only one halfas Johnson[ and H. E. Stevens.Day.tona .
farming line, more particularly at this try and Live Stock Journal. much as they ate, so as to have ; Gazette.

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! 'II',: ._, ", p _.
,.-, ':': "', :'t. f.',-, ( .J", r; ._" ,0 "" .


'., -I
r wear, or informal gatherings in our .
State News. Our Rural Home.wwww
country. But "hard times" was heard SCOTT'S I.I

............... from everyone, on all sides, and it

J. M. Chaffer, of Candler; who, with Edited ,by MINNIE ,GILMORE MILLS,' seemed impossible to 'meet all exigen- I
cies. Besides, we were not sure theirfather's
the aid of a hand and an actual cost ofa St. Thomas. Fla.
financial affairs were on a solid
$10 bill covered his two-year-old
up foundation ; and I thought it a good 3
budded orange trees the night of the COMPOUND 1'
That Old Trunk., time to teach the dear girls some of ,
big freeze, has the satisfaction of know-
(Continued.) the lessons of economy that had been .
ing now that he did a good piece of
."If I only had something for sadly neglected.The .
work as he has already sold over $6o0worth the
Positively one Remedy for the treatment
of buds, and has orders for over sleeves," said Annie, holding up the swiss had been, still was, a set "of
$400 .--Ocala Banner. rich velvet, what{ a lovely thing this of bed-room window curtains that had
P,1or would be for evenings. You know hung in my guest chamber. in my old NERVOUS EXHAUSTION
/There,' are ,three hundred acres of about tak- home. "Run that's dear ,
you're always warning me up, Amy, a
long staple cotton growing Sumter in the ing cold," (she added, archly,) "and child," said I, "and bring them down; Simple and Aggravated'forms of
neighborhood of Oxford, coun- the nights are much cooler than at and bring a blue box that you'll find.
Last the was much Dyspepsia and Palpitation of the Heart
ty. year acreage home.." It has ribbons, and a fan""Oh, a
Next the increase of
smaller. year "Oh, you'll just have to get a cou- lovely fan oh, aunt Em!1" was the ex- S
corn, cotton, 'sugar cane and: crops' of of three clamation the box. It
ple yards new goods-or on opening wasa
will be large. Tobacco growing, will Does your food sour after eating? Are
also in for attention and it is may be, Amy said carelessly, handsome thing-my bridal fan- you easily confused and excited ? Do
come "They'll not be much trouble." but no more fitting use could ever be you get up in the morning tiredand un-
not too; much ,to predict, universal "Three yards of new silk :velvet made of it than this. The pink and refreshed, and with a bad taste in the
South Florida countiesas '
prosperity Child, do you know what it would, white feathers pleased her. The white mouth ?
.a result of the increased growth of Is there a dull cloudy sensation, at-
? and the fashion would swiss tinted but the
cost present was now cream tended
Com by disagreeable feelings in the
agricultural mercial. products.--Leesburg take j just about four." I remarked, girls would not hear to having it head and eyes ?

rather severely.By ,washed. It was made into a gown, i Are you irritable and restless 1?>>
Dade county hag a canning factory. this time Annie had pulled off there being a great''quantity in the cur- Does your heart thump and cause youto

Guava jelly and marmalade are the her own waist, and and was buttoningthe tains, and each curtain was trimmed, gasp for breath after climbing a flight
of stairs?
chief materials prepared. The proprietor -. velvet jacket. It had a certain sides and ends, with fluted ruffles of Does it distress.vou to lie on the left
informs us he will manufacturethis "old timey" look, but was becoming, the same; so that the problem of trim- sideHave'

year two thousand cases of these. and had wonderful possibilities, they ming the gown was solved at once. you impaired memory, dimnessof
And he ships all he can prepare to one both said. "And some other material With pink ribbons the dress was very vision, depression of mind and gloomy

firm alone, in New York. This firm will make, sleeves-if we can only lovely, and my little maid: looked likea forebodings? -

: would\ ,take twice or three times as find enough of one kind," persistedthe picture. "I'll take the party dress, suffering These symptoms from Dyspepsia'mean that and you Nervous are

: much, possibly more than this, if''he younger sister. "These tight too, won't I, aunt ?" "Yes, said I, Exhaustion.:
could"get them J! The proprietor of things that just fit your little finger, "for there may be some occasion whenit There is no other remedy extant that

the Dade county cannery pays 75 will make the cuffs. Why :won't this may be well to have a more elaborate .. has done so much for this class of troubles -

cents per bushel, delivered, for fruit. do ?" She had shaken out the over- one; however, I think you'll find asSCOTT'S

We understand that forty acres of skirt of a blue silk dress, or, rather, more use for this."
guavas, at 50 cents per bushel, would what, had been a pollpnaise in its day.I "Now, Miss," Amy broke in, "you'reto "

net the grower $3000; 'per annum. looked over it'and finding two "per- remember that (being in Florida), COMPOUND,

This is as good ,as an, orange grove fectly good widths, with only a, few, you are a full, fledged,young lady, al.' i

and just 'as'sure.'. And the grower'smarket little mothholes, and two or three though you are only seventeenandbehave If your case has resisted the: usual
is at his doors.-Tropical Sun. spots" (as Amy said) we gathered up yourself accordingly. I wish methods of treatment we are particularly "

I We are very much gratified to hear the silk, the aprons, and some other Mrs. ,H. had had the grace to invite anxious to have yon give this compound I

that 'Mr. McDonald's grand old grapefruit garments, and left the rest for another me-I'd horrify the natives, wouldn'tI a trial.
We .relief in and
I tree which we have so often referto day. They decided that the velvet aunt ? Girls down here marry will cheerfully refund your every money shouldour

i ,in these columns, is now making a jacket would be "just,grand" to wear when they're younger than you, An- remedy fail to produce the I most gratifying -

i good showing for a lively and vigorous with a blue serge skirt, with the nie, dear," she chattered on. "But results.
j life again. For awhile Mr. McDonald sleeves of blue silk, more than do take care and dorft accept the very Please remember that the appellation

i was apprehensive that the half covered with the heavy lace, first offer, if you have a proposal before Patent Medicine: does not apply to

i freeze had got the better of his pet, or a quantity of which was upon the you get back. I'd hale to tell Scott's Carbo-Digestive Compound.It .

) at least that there was a probability original jacket. The little spots were my children and grandchildren that ''I
that the old tree would to the moth-eaten had but and it is a prescription put up by a leading
: grand go sponged carefully, never one, grabbed at physician who has made stomach, and
i ground for its future life and usefulness places entirely concealed by the rich -fear I'd never get another. That's,! nervous troubles specialty for years.

I like almost the entire grape fruit lace; then, the deep cuffs of the soft' the reason these simpletons marry so We court investigation and earnestlyurge
'! family. We now learn that it has put velvet were all the fashion ; and there young, I s'pose. The poor things all physicians to write us for the

on a fine, vigorous growth well up in was, next day, as handsome an even- never have any fun at all." formula of SCOTT'S CARBO'-DIGES-
TIVE COMPOUND which will mailon
j: spreading branches, and the chances ing bodice as'any summer girl need The result of search in the old application, that, they' may we satisfy

I r are,'as we'are assured, that even next wish for, evolved from one bought fifteen trunk, and our diligent work, summedup themselves of its harmless character and

i: year'it will put on considerable fruit years ago. I went to work upon quite satisfactorily. A white gown, excellent virtues.

f. again.-Plant' City Courier. the aprons, ripping the goods, then, velvet bodice, two shirt waists a daintv Scott's Carbo-Digestive Compounds

Mr. G. L. Michael, of Glen Ethel, cutting by a waist pattern, found the >OJ fc!*r'ron of**- snricrpred-t"--oo--i muslin,. a W pair of--

?i' was:in the city yesterday. He says best parts nicely made one waist. The slippers, fan-and lastly, I handed [ the most remarkable remedy that I

,,j everything out his, way is flourishing. girls had early learned to plan their Annie a little case, silk-embroidered, science has produced. It has succeeded t

I i His trees are coming out splendidly.He own clothes, being left motherless ; in which lay a perfumed bit of lace where all other remedies have failed.

:\ : cut his .trees off at the ground immediately but theirstudies and music had allowed and lawn, my wedding handkerchief. per bottle.by druggists Sent to everywhere.any address$1.00,in l'l'8.o1d

'i after the second freeze, and them little time for learning to sew. 'Twas this that put such nonsense into America on receipt of price. .

; dug away the earth, exposing the tap- One reason their father left them with Amy's head. Annie is a sensible girl Don't forget that we cheerfully refund I

ots"fInd; soon fine, healthy sprouts me was that they might learn some- and not likely tp have her head turned your money if results are not, satisfactory. t

t! came out, and when, they were sufficiently thing practical-he( had a high opin. with frivolity. She started in the best not have Order it.Address.direct if your druggist does

!I/{I advanced to bear it, he drew: ion of my common-sense). of spirits and is having a delightfultime. all orders to
the soil back on the, roots, and now "There's a lovely lot of white dot- MINNIE G. MILLS.

f; the young shoots have put out new ted swiss in a paper, Aunt Em," said tS -. 4-, CONCORD CHEMICAL MFG. CO.,

fj roots of their own, as well as being Annie. Do you suppose anythingcan To Preserve Pumpkin.For TOPEKA, KAS.
i supported by the old stump. Out of be made out of it? or do you wishto ,
Our Rural Home.
two thousand trees in ,his grove, not a keep it?
f single one has died, and now he has I knew the desire of her heart wasa Some one has asked "Can our sur- 500 BOOKS, ETC., FREE.

Iii a ,fine, vigorous growth, where many pretty white dress, and had fully in- plus pumpkins be kept for winteruse Send ten cents and get by return mail a beau
have a puny-looking\ bramble, and in tended getting one for each of the ?" Most certainly they can as tiful souvenir of the Cotton States and Interna-

many cases dead trees. He has pinchedthe girls, as those they brought ,with them some in my store room that have been tional name and Exposition address printed postage in prepaid the Atlanta, and Journal your

shoots off when up about four or had been made for entertainments at there for over two years will prove. of Commerce's special Order Directory"that
will go to exhibitors and hundreds of mail
five feet high), which has caused them the Academy (where the ,girls had The method is almost too simple to order firms who will send you sample books,

I I tOt grow more stocky, and harden up been for two years, boarding), and describe.If papers, etc., FREE.JOURNAL COMMERCE '

G better.-Orlando Reporter. seemed entirely, unsuitable for day- every housekeeper has not aU. Atlanta, Ga.L .




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S. Cook Stove Fruit Drier (offered morning since corn had got big enoughto him that there musn't,be a space ex- didn't. Well, we followed her on that

with FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER,) eat, uritit the fateful day when the ceeding four inches wide in the three ,occasion and found how she got in.

she ought to have. Pare the pumpkin crime is alleged to have been committed bottom feet of the fence, but he per- She went up to the fence, took a

slice as thin as possible, spread I ; since which time he had not seen sisted in placing the, ninth wire four good look at ij, and gave a jump andas

oh ,trays, place drier on stove, keep her.That and a half inches from the one belowit. she was going,through the air, she

up,moderate fire and in short, time he had taken accurate meas- I said, "that won't make: a good would turn half over and glide right

you have crisp 'slices ready t.be. urements of the 'fence surrounding the hog fence." He said, "no good hog through between those wires, just like,

stored ,in some tight receptacle and defendant's cornfield; that in places it will get through there; and you claim"he eh, well just like a hog will you know

kept for an indefinite time. was less than five feet in height, ,and says, "that they're all good." if the wires are more than four inches

To use let it soak in water until there was a place between two of the "Well, said I, "they're all good if apart. She seemed to know that

well,moistened, cook and use just as wires, less than three feet from the you'll let them alone ; but of course those wires were left''' apart for her

you:would fresh pumpkin. ground, that was more than four inches they want enough to, eat and know especial benefit. Well what happenedon

'For, 'keeping dried, pumpkin, fruits, wide, the fact is-was nearly four enough to get it, which is mighty that occasion ?

etc., I f.find glass' jars indispensable. and a half inches. He also gave evi- convenient for us down here in this Well as she went through the fence,

Put;fruit in while warm from drier, dence tending to show that the defendant country." the defendant said in a sort of a husky

placemen: cover -and no weevil can get was a tenderfoot. That he did not Was the fence five feet high? voice, "See the d-d 'and checked

to it. I prefer glass jars or bottles to keep hogs; that defendant had beento No, sir; not at all places; but she him in what he was going to say, and

tin as one can watch it without opening him on a good many occasions, didn't get over the fence. the he said,' 'Oh I wish I had my

Any kind of fruit jar: with tight complaining of his hogs having gotten No matter about that; if the fence gun." I'd finish her." Tut, tut,

cover,is good. ,I also find the glass into his corn, and that on some of was not of lawful height she had a legal said I, don't you know that that is a

candy jars ,with cover very nice. these occasions defendant had spoken right to be in that field, whether she State's prison offence just! .!the same as
A. READER. very disgracefully of hogs in generaland got over ''it or got in in some other killing a,man ?" "Is it possible," said '

,Lake City, Fla. this one hog, ,the corpus, in par- way. Now state all that you know he.Vell it is" said I. and now saidI
ticular. about the corpus being found in this if you will take a little advice from

,,Court. at !Razorback Corners. The next witness was a more important field, 'and the conduct 'of the defendant. me on this subject Ill! tell 'you howto

one. and we give his testimo- Tell all you know about the manage that hog,so.as to get her
out'' of here and keep on the safe side
,., of the law. You want to take, a bush,
From the Florida Ruralist. .' .. said I, and go round her and drive
"Oh, yes oh, yes oh, yes the cir- : ; her along sort o' gently like, by shoo-
cuit court for Razorback Corners is ';', "<\;, ,
ing her along wtth the brush, ,and if
now in session," calls out the court /s you can't get her out in thatway, just
crier and six solemn looking men file j. '
take some corn and call her and bait
into the jurors' seats as their names f
.- 4 Q Yi4I her along towards the gate with the
are called, and are sworn to "well and 0:: I AA2 / "
"- corn. so we each got a brush,
then in
truly try the cause pending
and we gently shooed her along to
said'court between 'the people of the ,
State of Florida and the prisoner at Continued on page 572.
...... ,
the bar, and a true verdict give according 5 O
to the law and the evidenceas HOW'S THIS?

given to them in open court, s'helpyou We'ofi'er One Hundred Dollars rewardfor
Gawd;" and,the trial began. any case of Catarrh that cannot be
' The public prosecutor stated to ,the cured by Hall's Catarrh Cure.F. .
J. CHENEY & CO., Toledo, O.
I'' court and jury that this was a case
';I brought 'under section 57 of chapter We::, the undersigned have known F.J.Cheney .
for the last 15 and believo
which years,
56 of the compiled laws, pro-
him perfectly honorable in all business
vides that "whoever wilfully and ma- 2j transactions and financially able to carry
; I /
liciously kills, maims or disfigures anyhorse out any obligations made by their,firm.

, cattle,or other beast, of another WEST & TJIUAX, Wholesale Druggists,
, shall be punished by imprisonment Toledo.,O.WALDiNQ .
person KINNAN & MARVIN, Whole-
in the penitentiary not exceed-
sale Toledo
Druggists, O.
ing five years or by fine not exceeding -
Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken
that internally,
thousand dollars 'etc.
one ;
acting directly upon the blood and mu-
he was not certain that the proof cous surfaces of the ,system. Testimonials -
would go'so far as to show that, the sent free. Price 75c. per' bottle.

offense comitted was that of killing, ,Sold by all Druggists.

as the corpus delicti had'not yet been .
found, and yet that rule did not applyso .o. to
strictly as it did in the case of sim-
ply the killing of an individual, whereall ny. nearly verbatim. He was first matter. FERTILIZE

presumptions were in favor of the ,questioned by the public prosecutor : Well, sir; she commenced cominginto ECONOMICALLY ji
'What is name and occupation? the field about two weeks before _
accused, but in cases involving cattle, your PROFITABLY AND EFFECTIVELY V
is Summerlin and I the night in question. The corn was BY THE USE OF K
hogs and the Deity, all presumptionswere My name John it
against him. But he was cer- am living with and working for the then just earing out nicely, and I pre- NITRATE OF SODA I

tain that the proof would show that defendant on his farm. sume she was fond of green corn; at 1 Y Nearly all fertilizers are ineffective becauser
; with the all events she ate a good deal of it they contain too little NITROGEN ("ammo-
and Were acquainted cor- this little Insoluble A
the offense of maiming disfiguring you 'h nia") and in an form.
f in Add little NITRATE OF SODA to thee, and W
from time to time. She usually got a
had certainly been committed, pus delicti in her life time ? the result will be astonishing. P
I I and they expected to connect the defendant I was. during the' night, and'we wouldn't A PAMPHLET FREE afWhZ!! V
Where had seen her ? know anything about it till the next to use nitrate, and how to buy and use feitillzers *)
:with the commission of the you most economically. Address! v
I offense. Mostly on the premises of the defendant day, when we would find her in there S. M, Harris, Moreton Firm. (P.0.),New York

i) The first witness called was the ; I have also seen her in other and drive her out. It was a long time .C?' iy..0 ...;"lay.<>>.
I before we discovered how she got in,
owner of the corpus delicti., His'testi- places.
On what of the defendant's but one evening she came along just ERKBHIRE, Chester White
mony was unimportant. It simply established part skredd _)Jersel1"Q"Poland China
the fact that he was the own- premises have you seen her; and by about dusk, going towards the field, & (1 U'lQS.stein Cattle.Jersey,Guernsey Thoronphbrad&Hoi1 -

er of ,the "Corpus" and that he was what sort of a fence are these premises and the defendant says, "There goes And Sheep Honse Fancy Dogs.Poultry Catalogue.,Hunting
him -* *
the defendant. That the defendant surrounded ? that d-d hog: I never heard 8. W. SMIT ochranvllle, Chester Co., pa.
and he joined farms, or rather that I have seen her in the defendant'scorn swear except about this hog, and he

he joined the ''farm of the defendant; field oftener than anywhere else. got so that he was quite profane when-, ATLANTA WOMAN'S COLLEGE
he himself not being engaged in farm- Have seen her also in his garden and ever he found her in there; and I cau ,
These fields are tioned him that he might be arrestedfor ATLANTA GEORGIA.
but was engaged in the more gentlemanly -: in his tomato patch.
ing, business of keeping hogs on all surrounded by the same fence. It blasphemy if he wasn't careful,because .j j

isn't lawful fence. I helped to most of our people were very
other people's farms. Assisted by a full corps of able instructors in all
That he had observed the corpus in build it and I told \he defendant much down on such practices that departments. The scientific method instruc*
it didn't allow much swearing goingon tion pursued Ample accommodations for boarding
it that they
question, coming from the direction of when we were building pupils. Session begins Sept. 4th. Address
the defendant's- cornfield about every wasn't a lawful fence. I explained to around, especially the hog men above, or NAT T. SEALS, Business Mgr



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An Anomaly in Freight Rates. resistance is at the rate of 6. i poundsper strength to resist the encroachments I
Florida Farmer and Fruit Grower The "Pensacola News" takes up ton on a level; at ten miles an of the smut spores.

I our editorial under the above head. hour, 6.8 pounds; at fifteen miles an The needed phosphoric acid for

TERMS.'OF SUBSCRIPTION....JM.o ing, in which we gave instances hour, 7.3 pounds ; at twenty miles an grain crops is well established, yet one
For One Year
For Six Months...... ....."'.......... ..... 1.00 where the transportation charges on hour, 8.3 pounds. Therefore the ex might reasonably look to see no great,
In Foreign Countries ..cash.... 3.00 in potatoes and cabbages are about twiceas pense of running twenty miles an difference caused by this element in
advance.:"Subscriptions No discount in all allowed cases on one's heavy on northbound freight as on hour is to,the expense of running ten celery, for instance, where the seed is
own subscription(except in a club), but tall < south-bound. These inequalities or miles an hour as 8.3 is to 6.8: But no object. Yet we have personal
agents a liberal cash commission will anomalies are not denied, but are we find that'the Florida produce going knowledge from an experiment once
he allowed on all subscriptions obtainedby sought to be explained. The "News" north is charged at the rate of 100 made by a neighbor that celery ma- ,
them. Write for terms. other things: to 50 for the northern produce com- nured with a 'compost containing a
To every new subscriber we will send, says, among
a copy of Whitner's "Garden- 'The 'anomaly' may be easily explained ing south. quantity of soft phosphate produced i
Eostpaid Florida." For two new sub- by simply calling the attentionof As to care given, we deny that better than a near-by plot receiving i
scribers, at $2.00 each, we will send, THE FARMER AND FBUIT-GROWER and Florida potatoes and cabbages going a compost which contained no phos
postpaid, a copy of Moore's "Orange its readers to the well-known facts that north receive more care in handlingthan phate. In this instance probably the
Culture." the barrel of Northern potatoes shippedto do the northern articles coming most we can affirm is that the celery
Rates of advertising on application. Florida is the product of a crop grownin
Remittances should be made by check, enormous quantities, fully ripened, south. They do not receive more simply wanted a complete fertilizer,
postal note, money order or registeredletter easily kept in good condition through care because they do not need more. and would' not do well with a one- : '
to order of long periods of time, shipped only as As to the rates fixed for north- sided one. ;
FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER needed, and then in the usual course of bound and southbound traffic, respect- ,
Jacksonville, Fla. heavy traffic, on slow trains, without un- '
ively, our information is to the follow- A Faithful Officer-State Treasurer :
usual haste or expense, at seasons when .
NOTICE south-bound freights are not crowdingthe ing effect: The rate per ton per mile, Collins. \
capacity of the lines, and-in consequence either way, is established by all the The FARMER AND 'FRUIT-GRCWER
If you receive a copy of this i of all these considerationsatlow lines in concert over which the pro- is not in any sense a political paper, I :
paper which you did not order,, rates, agreed upon by all the lines duce passes. In addition to this the and for that very reason we are glad :
consider it an invitation to sub- interested; while the Florida potatoesand initial line is allowed for its own benefit to be able to give praise to a public
early vegetable are partsof
scribe. If you do not want it, crops grown 'out of season crops,' in smaller to put on an "arbitrary." The officer who is) first of all, a thorough .
kindly hand it to a neighbor. quantities, for a special trade, unripe and total rate, then, from Florida to the business man, and afterward a politi' :
exceedingly perishable, requiring great North or vice versa is composed of the cian. It 'gives us pleasure to repro- j
CONTENTS. care in transportation and handling, fixed rate per mile and this "arbitrary. duce the following from the "Levy )
great expedition, cars. ,especially con- "
The Fall Garden Preparing Planting and structed at unusual fast trains, Shippers are not disposed to : :
Cultivating..;.............;.... '..'...........563 and withal, involving expense risk of loss, whereby complain of this system of'"arbitra- "This man went.from his farm at I
Cheering Not to Notes Bud :from Death the to Front the White; To Bud Fly or; even the carriers compensation for ries;" it is nothing more than right the call of his ,people to take charge 1
Electro-Horticulture,. 564 transportation is in danger of disappearing that the line which procures the traf- of the treasury of ,the State, and that i
Budding Orange Trees ; Pruning the Kelsey by reason of the condition of the
Plum ; Georgia Peaches ; Wood Lice ; stuff arrival. fic should receive a larger proportionof he has done well no man will deny. !
Sprouting; Pestilent Orange Joint Trees Grasses; StrawberryNotes 565 "These on conditions apply with especial the compensation than the other He has done all that the law requires ,
Best Potato.for South Florida ; Alfalfa in force to shipments made in less than car- lines. But what the growers do com- of an official, and never since Florida !
Horticultural Florida Items; A Florida Corn Crop ; 566 load lots, concerning which some Florida plain of is that the total charge-"ar- became a State has its treasury been i
How to Kill the 567 newspapers have had much to say." bitrary" and regular added togetheris so ready to respond to every valid de' :
POULTRY Feed Per The Buff.Leghorns ; How Much 567 Now, out of all this array of condi- _so much heavier one way than the mand. As we stated in a recent issue,

OUR cluded RURAL To HOME-That Preserve Pumpkin.Old Trunk.......Con-. .. 568 nuns: and: circumstances: : : : real ana 1 alleged 1 other. he is the only State official whose.ser- ;
Court at Razorback; Corners... .., .....e.... 569 which are put forward to justify *"-** vices have cost tthe State nothing., "I
An Anomaly Early iri Maturity Freight; A Rates Faithful; Phosphatesand Officer ; this anomaly,let us critically examinethe Phosphates and Early Maturity.In Money which has heretofore lain idle
Triumph for.the IeConte Pear.......... 570 most important ones. planting a'' fall garden the farmer has, under his ,financial management,
Transition Markets; ; A Hint to Florida Farmers..... 572 571 It is true that Northern potatoes and always has in view the probability of become a source of revenue to the I
Weather and Crops ......... .., .573 in the time before
Colonists for Florida... .... ................. 574 vegetables are grown immensely crops having to mature State more than sufficient to pay the I
-, .-.-.- greater quantities than they are in the coming of frost._ Anything that Treasurer's salary. As Commissionerof
Weather in Jacksonville. Florida; but it is not true that more will tend to hasten maturity is valua. Insurance, this "Populist" collected
Week:, Ending Aug. 26, 1895 of them are shipped into Florida than ble. Fall growth is more or less slug- in 1894 over $28,000 revenue for the

a eo; are shipped out. In the. single item gish and needs stimulation. A plantis State, at an expense of less than
DATE. a Po m .E q I .sE w::; of Irish potatoes this may be the case, mature when its seeds are ripe. Any- $I09.<; "
and other that seed formation -
00 00 I4 but of cabbages vegetableswe thing promotes
Aug. 27. -.....82- 81- 90- 76- -14 83- -.00 I assert without hesitation that at hastens maturity. It is a fact that A Triumph for the Le Oonte Pear.

Aug.28..79. ......... 80 82 92 95 74 74 21 18 83 P4 .,00Aug. ,00 least twice as many are shipped out of phosphoric acid is specially determinedto About the 20th of July the first
Aug..30.....:...81 74 95 73 22 84 .07 Florida as are shipped into it-in afresh the seed, and it is therefore of more shipment of this fruit went forward,
Sept.. I.................78 75'73 90 9J 73'70 22 17 tSl 8z .94.(6 condition, of course.. value to the grower of grain and root and it is now the first week in September -
Sept. 2....... ....76 75. 86 70 16 78 .76 As to the more expensive cars. for crops,than to the fruit grower. A cor- yet, on account of the over- ,
Mean ,.......79- -77 91- -73 -19 -82 (-* 1.83 the northbound traffic, strawberrieswere respondent of the Country Gentleman stocked markets, there are still hun-
Total rainfall. formerly shipped in costly refrig- makes the following interesting obser- dreds of bushels hanging on the trees
A. J. MITCHELL Observer. erator cars, but these proved such a vations:, in: the most backward sections. The
.-. wretched failure that the berries are "I know from personal experiencethat Le Conte pear has never really hada
The total output of cigars from now packed in refrigerator boxes, and potash, in connection with stable chance before to demonstrate its
Tampa last week was 680,730. these are loaded into the identical manure, on the corn crop. promotes staying'qualities; it was shipped early
lag box-cars which are used for ordinary extraordinary stalk and leaf growth, in the season and the trees unloaded.
The crop of oranges on the north freight both ways. A small-very and the epoch of earing develops black It has surprised its best friends by its
side of the river near Palmetto, is esti-- small-per centage of the vegetableswas smut amazinglyat the expense of the capacity for filling the place of an all-
mated at 15,000 boxes. transported last spring in refrig- ear. And 1 know, too, that with the round household fruit and by its lasting ,
erator cars; but it is safe to say that, same fertilizer Irish potatoes run to excellence. It grew richer to the i
Our Frost Proof correspondent has of potatoes and cabbage, ninetyfiveper vine, are retarded in coming to matur- last day-a little mealy, it is true, and I
developed a grape fruit hardier than cent go in freight or ventilated ity, and the yield insure to be small, not so pleasant to most'people to eat
the orange and has named it Excelsior. cars-the same both ways. and the tubers few in the.hill. A timo- out of hand, ''but thoroughly satisfactory -
As to the higher rate of speed required thy meadow treated with nitrate of soda for culinary purposes.. It will
: for the north bound traffic : stimulated a growth of herbage resembling never grow soft so long as it hangson
Mr..C. E. Smith of Windermere is
extensively engaged, in the cul-, Let us grant, for the sake of argument, a field of growing wheat, and > the stem, unless it.is beginning toot
quite that the perishable produce of Floridais later in the season the burden of grass ; and where the tree has been well
of sweet He has about :
five six acres peppers.in that vegetable this pushed through at the rate of twenty was so heavy it lodged with the least fertilized with potash the' fruit has
or miles an hour, while, the mature pro- provocation, and made inferior! if not much less inclination to rot at the
season. : ? duce of the North comes down at the very poor hay" core: and is rich, dense fleshed 'and
Mr. Chauncey J. Reed, from Pennsylvania more deliberate rate of ten miles an' In these cases it was evidently an heavy in the hand. I ,
I has fenced in a thousandacres hour.' excess of nitrogen which was the principal Now that'the Le Conte pears are ;
near Ft. Meade, mostly for cattle In the "Catechism of the Locomo- cause of the rankness of foliageand about gone the people begin to realize
i pasture. He has sown Johnson tive," a high authority in the railroad stalk, but the lack of phosphoricacid I their value. They sold quickly on

r grass, beggar weed, cowpeas, and world, page 407, we find, under the was apparent in the smutty grain, the streets of Jacksonville yesterday at
Guinea grass which is four feet high. heading "Resistance of Trains," thatat which was so deficient in the element $'1,50 a bushel, and many more,would-
He has thirty acres in crops.-Pebble. a velocity of five miles, an hour the it specially requires that, it had no : have been taken at the price.

4 j

11tl 11

,tl I '

-- ,- -.- .. -.--.- C.
: _' '__ .. -- ---. ....,..
: h" -- ,.. .
:: !i, :J;:: : :'" r-., .' ... ,' :. ;. ':f':



Orange buyers have been offering TIIJ

$2.25 box on the tree but few fiarkets.JACKSONVILLE
per very .

have Manatee agreed, River to Journal.sell at that price.- JACKSONVILLE FLA., Sept. 6. FIRST NATIONAL BANK OF FLORIDA,

The people of East Orange shouldnot Corrected by Marx Bros. .
The Oldest National Bank in the State.This
go hungry. Beef of a good quality These are average quotations. Extra choice .
is 24 cents a pound by the lots fetch prices above. top quotations, while poor Bank, after twenty years of successful business has just undergone a rigid special examination .

ter and that point shipped bushels quar- lots Grapes sell per lower.crato .................... .75 to 1.00 other period by the of United twenty States years Comptroller's Department,and has had its charter extended for an
Pears, LeConte bbl...............
per 200 By conservative, yet liberal methods, this bank has achieved the highest reputation for solidity
of huckleberries this summer.During 1&er' ,...............1.25 to 1.75 strength and ability to meet legitimate demands.We .

Apples Peaches,bbl..a.,crate............. .... ......,.i.ootoi.25 3.00 favors shall invite at a all visit times or correspondence receive intelligent, looking and careful toward attention.business relations, assuring you that your
English Peas bu..... .-...... ..,. 1.60
it is
I this heated term, when Cocoanuts! .......,.'..... .............. 3.50 JAMES M. SCHUMACHER, R. C. COOLEY
uncomfortably hot to work, it is a Peanuts best brand..... ............. 4 to 5 President. Cashier.
Cabbage N. Y. each ...............,. .o5 to .o7
good time to keep up the silver agitation Potatoes,New York.... ............. 2oot02.15 Safe Boxes For Rent.
then when the cool weather Onions, bbl ............. ........... 2.25 Deposit
; Eggs,.....,.. --............-.. ...... .18
comes again it will be done and overdone VEGETABLES AND POULTRY.
Corrected by Davis & Robinson. OH LOOK SAVE MONEY
I and the farmer need not be hin- Yellow Yams, bush ........ .......... 40 to .50 ,
dered by it from pushing his crops. Sweet Potatoes, .,.................... .40 to 50 .
Hubbard !squash!I bbl,...............'0' 1.00 B y buying only FERTILIZERS
Lettuce, doz. none... ..,.............
Celery Kalamazoo..... ..........._ 40 to 50 With a PURE BONE BASIS,
South Florida and Charleston are EggPlants} bbl...................... 1.50102.00
uncomfortably squeezing the truck- Tomatoes, crates ..._................2.00to 2 50 E nrich your Land and Yourselves,
i Sweet Pepper,bu ...,......'......._.. .75 E "; .
growers midway between, and the Okra, bu, ..... ,....................... 50 to .75 iicourage every one you mayK .
farms around Savannah and Green Beans .................... ......1.75102.00 to use JRLING'S FERTILIZERS because they are
vegetable Peas, none.......,........ .... now ,
i Jacksonville: are falling away as a con- Turnips, bunch.........._......'... .03'to .06 S afe and Reliable to use for "
Cucumbers,crate none............... 2.00 to 2.50 d '
' sequence.. But Jacksonville goes Pumpkins, each...................... .05 to .10 A ny Crop, making a Strong, Stocky ,
! right on growing-faster than"ever if Kershaws, each.... ....... ......... 05 to .10 '
Parsley,per doz.bunches........... 30 to .40 G rowth, and sweet, juicy vegetables and fruits that are
! anything., Carrots,Fla., per doz.bunches..none .20 to .25
E ahead those Merchants"who
Green onions,per doz. bunches....... .15 to .25 iigaged by do -
I .. Pepper,hot bushel................... .75 N ot the best Fruits and
several Sage, well cured, Ib..................... .10 to. 15 want only very Vegetables. ,'
J After years of experimenting Lima Beans, shelled, qt, ...... .....-. .12 to .15 Take time and write at to the
: in a. small way with pineries on the Hens..........-._..n_.................. '.30 once
I Roosters...._.................. -....... .25
sub-peninsula, the.West'Coast has now Broilers................................. .10 to .15 L B. DARLING FERTILIZER COMPANY .
! made toward Turkeys, per pound,gross.........._. .08 to .10 ,
a beginning emulating Ducks.........._......0.... ........... .25 to .30
i the East Coast as a producer of pineapples Geese. poor demand ................... Jaclcsonv311e: : E'1.orida.
'I for commercial Mr. New Beets per 100................. none .50 to i.oo
purposes. doz. ...... ....
Water Cress, per none. and obtain their Low Prices to meet the times
, E. Perkins and two brothers have purchased Cauliflower doz. none.............. .75 to 2.00 Special
Melons... .......... ................, .08 to .12 for Cash With Order.CIIOICg.
: a ten-acre tract near St. Peters- Canteloupes, bbl..... ..... .......... 2.00
; and will covered Leeks perdoz bunches,.......,.,... .25
I burg, plant a pinery, Corn, doz .......... ..... .... ... .15
for which purpose they have already Scuppernongs, bu... .. .......... 50 to .75 A. :N'o. 1
, ordered 100,000; feet of lumber. t-9-t
New York.-Pears are in increased sup-
I I ply; hot weather and another slump this
" It wasannounced by Jacksonville: week. Bartletts are very abundant and Florida Grown Orange Trees

minister from his pulpit-and his low. Kieffers, 75c to 1.25 per bbl. Dis-

figures have not been' disputedthatnot tant'shippers are likely to fare best by
starting shipments while our market is
clerkships ]E 'oR SAhEj.
one-tenth of the important bad. Better market, probably, soon.FRENCH .
of this city are filled by Jack & Co.
sonville-raised boys. This because Grape Fruit, Lemon and Seedless Grape Fruit.All .

gambling is so prevalent here that a New corn is offered at forty cents a trees grown on stock in Florida that was not injured by the freeze. Buds from 3 to 6 feet

large part of the young men fall into bushel by some of the farmers around straight'and well grown. Also choice Abbaka and Golden Queen Pineapple suckers, 15 to 20 inchei.

the habit, and no guarantee companywill Waldo. It is thought by many thatit Satisfaction guaranteed. Correspondence solicited, or call on

back a man who gambles. Thisis will go lower than that. Another GEO. WRIGHT

not an inviting prospect for parents party offered to deliver one thousand ,

who may contemplate moving to this bushels of potatoes at. twenty cents a ORLANDO, FLA.

city to bring up children. bushel.

> t Our general-5 and*enterprising merchants 3 FREE OFFERS.Every

Writing of the unusual amount of Messrs. Tigby and Rowley, .

sickness, a correspondent of the Tam- shipped a carload of pressed vanilla

pa Tribune says: "I have a theory that this week. These gentlemen have a Subscriber Ought to Read This.For .

not only the rotting of many thousand press and bailing machine and put

boxes of oranges, but the decomposition their vanilla up in a very neat and compact years we have tried to secure for our subscribers some easy way of preserving their
of dead and decaying orange bale.-San Mateo Item. FARMER AND FRUIT GROWERS' and binding them in a year's volume at trifling cost. We have

,trees left either in the groves or carted at last found it, and we give here a picture of the new Boston Binder.

away, have had much to do with the Captain R. H. Harlston brought in =-I -- It is the best binder ever invented. It takes
--- -
public' health. No one who has visit- on the Sugar Belt yesterday a carloadof only is kept half clean minute and to insert can always a paper be and found thereafterit when

ed the orange groves frequently dur- rice which he raised out at Carolina wanted. A single binder will hold an entire year's
issues of our paper. When it is complete it can be
ing the past three or four months this year. He. planted a ten-acre filed away in your library as a most valuable book of
could help but,observe a peculiar odor field of rice on Florida muck land.as ----- reference for the year,, 1895.

issuing from said trees." an experiment, and watered,and cultivated -- use.Asa it is worth method ten of times keeping its cost.your papers It makes for all future the

,it exactly as it is,done in South difference between lost, torn and dirtied papers
sc.tttered abut the house in such confusion that you
In Volusja and Clay counties Carolina. The ten. acres netted him = -- can never find what you require and a handsome,
or.'erly file, which becomes at the end of the year
sorghum has been grown and made 490 bushels.-Kissimmee Valley. __ =fir = a volume for your library certainly worth from$2.00
It is from the PSI to $5.co t
into'syrup. produced -- To injure a copy of the new Boston Binder to ev-
seeds instead of the canes, which is a Mr. E. W. Shanibarger of Pine Castle __ rryone of our subscribers, we will make the following -

saving at the outset, though it may is engaged quite.extensively in the =- --==- -_-=-=- First liberal: We offers will: send free a binder to everyone
-- -------- ----
not be in the end. It enables the growing of celery. He has 12,000 of o'ur subscribers who will send us $2 to renew his
before December ,
subscription. i 1895
farmer to make syrup six or eight plants which he hopes to have matured -- -" Second: We will send free to every old subscriber

weeks earlier than he could from ribbon and ready for use by the opening of ---_= ------ =-= ='= ==-= who will send us a new subscription and $2 to pay

cane. the tourist season, and later in the year --=- r for Every the same.new subscriber can have the binder by

The Green Cove Spring states that he expects to ship in large quantitiesto -- _--_ = the sending with and his packing.subscription fifteen centsto pay for
== postage
. Mr. W. Biggs made fifteen gallons the ,Northern markets. He claims -- --- Renew promptly, do not delay.

from sixty feet square, which wouldbe that as fine I celery can be grown in

at the rate of 175 gallons per acre, Florida as in Michigan. He is an ex- FARMER & FRUIT GROWER,

which is considerable less than the pert in the work of growing.-Orlando Jacksonville, Fla. .

yield of cane. Sentinel.


--- ----


.-,' ., -. '
Continued from page 569. acid, potash are changed into the shall be fattened at home on such of A. Numbness.From
orange tree and garden vegetables, our field products as can be spared, Strange .
,the gate and got her out all right,with and frost and fire change them back we shall see a much needed and. won-, Journal and Tribune, Lawrence, Kan.
out hair of her head. No
harming, a into their original elements, and the derful improvement." It was a newspaper article that caused
\ sir, I never harmed her in' the least process is repeated. Nothing is destroyed The Florida Agriculturist warmly Mrs. E, L. Whipple who was stopping at
whenever drove her out; for I knew 1130 Pennsylvania Street., Lawrence,
is lost.
nothing advocates this Com-
that she had 1 legal right to be in there new industry. Kan., to try a medicine for which were
: But many transitions are practical paring Floiida stall fed beef with that claimed valuable qualities for diseases
and I concluded that she knew it too
destruction to the individual. A from the West it and
shipped says: ailments that seemed to fit her case.
or; least wise her owner did. burned house, or a frozen orange tree, "People of Florida not located in She was'then living in Michigan and it

.Well she had got the cornfield though not an atom is lost, is practi- the larger towns of the State have was some time before she got around to
pretty badly riddled by that time; and holder.A taking the medicine, but in December
to the of their beef
cally destroyed property good reason to complain
the next morning the defendantsaid 1893 she began and has since that time
so of or of winter vegeta- supply and even in these towns dur-
he would and the fodder crop oranges become a well woman. Mrs. Whipplenever
try save tables sent to a Northern market which ing the summer months, when the importation tires telling about the remedy that
anyway; and so we went at it and cut brings no returns to the producer is of Northern meats is discon- helped her so much,and when called on

the corn up in a way I never knew of practically'destroyed or lost to him. tinued, the supply is not at all satisfac- by the reporter was glad to give the desired -
before but fre said "that is the information about her
way case.
There has been transition into the
a In other words the cattle taken
tory. She said that in December
they do it North. We cut the 1893 she
stalks and up set them in what he pockets of the commission merchantor from the Florida ranges does not first commenced to use Dr. Williams'Pink
up those of the railroad company. make first-class beef. This is generally Pills for Pale People. At times she

called shocks around the field. Then What is needed for Florida is such admitted, and it is not our purposeat would be so dizzy-headed and so very

the next night after we had finished change in methods as to retain in the present to discuss the whereforesand nervous that she could hardly get
cutting it she in again and tore around. She had spells numbness
up, got his a
possession of the producer of the who
proper whys case. Every one
the shocks nearly all down looking for pin stuck into her body producing no
share of the value of his'crops. This has eaten Florida beef taken direct feeling whatever. After she ''took one
left he to
the that was as ought
corn can accomplished-first, by the from the range will admit that its box of Pink Pills she felt a good deal better -
have known/that she would do. Well, farmer producing all .that his familyor quality could be much improved. At but kept on taking them till four
this 'made the defendant'' furious, and stock and liberal boxes had been used, when she found
a different
consumes, times the plan of stallfeedingcattle .
he swore furiously and said a good herself completely cured. She no longer
in addition of such
growth as taken from the has been
crops '
about range feels any dizziness or numbness and feelsas
disrespectful things hogs
many ; will add humus to the soil until its tried and the result
and he said "law or no law, he would was everythingthat though it was a duty to make' ,knownto
sandy nature shall have a transition, could be desired. The meat everyone her happy experience with
kill that hog or break her d;, neck. mould Pink Pills. Not only in justice to the
approximately to a vegetable from these cattle was tender,juicy and
and I said, you'd better not do either proprietors does she gladly do this on
giving better results in the use of delicious, in fact superior to the
for it's a state's prison offence even to every occasion, but that those'simiJarly
disfigure a hog in this State. The chemical fertilizers, enabling him to Northern beef for many reasons. The afflicted may learn where to look for a

down here don't to live at home and board at the same refrigerated Chicago beef sold in the remedy for every nervous disease. She
people I
propose place. towns of Florida, is not always so recommends the Pink Pills highly and
have their hogs all bruised, and The next idea should be to producesuch 'fresh as it might be; and in many thinks that they also cured her of nerv-
scratched they protect the hogs
up; have the valuein ousness.
as greatest it has bad chemicaltaste
and the hogs seem to know it. Now, crops cases a decidedly Mrs. Whipplo is getting along well in
the least This be done
weight. can which we are informed is caused and for time
said I if should bruise her, or cut years, a was almost helpless.
you by the transition of bulky vegetable in ventilated When she
off of her make her by its-being kept a poorly began taking Pink Pills her
a piece ear
'crops into pork ,and beef, which will refrigerator. However this may youth seemed to return, and she was
lame, or disfigure her beauty in any take the place of the hundreds of thousands be, the beef is unpleasant to strong and hearty again, She lives at
way, you are liable ,to be sent to state very her Michigan home,but has been staying !
of dollars transported from the
it disad-
and has the further -
prison for five years. ,Oh, I gave him many, with her relatives in Lawrence for over
fair warni'n, and he turned pale and South annually, and if not demandedin vantage of being very expensive. The six months, and besides proclaiming the

.leaned back and the immediate local market, wouldbe ruling price, we think, when retailed, praises of Pink Pills from her home, shojspeaks
against" a post required very near home. 'I is in the neighborhood of 18 cents per of them wherever she is acquaint. !
"Well said he "I'll
.groaned. go ed. f
In addition to the valuable
and the for choice
very cuts
pound price
and see if I can't buy her and thenI Dr. Williams' Pink Pills contain, in, a
said suggestion from our contemporaries in ranges even higher. We have paid as condensed form all the elements
can kill her, can't I? Well, I, neces-
I would have a right tokIll the following articles, we would sug-- high as 25 cents. This price is higher sary to give new life and richness to the
suppose you gest that in the glades of Florida now thah the average orange grower can blood and restore shattered nerves. Theyare
her if wanted her for
you pork, growing rank saw-grass a transition afford, to say nothing of the not al also a specific for troubles {peculiar to
but I don't believe would have
you a females, such as suppressions, irregularities -
might be made into succulent prairie of the article.
satisfactory quality
right to buy her and kill her just because ways and all forms of weakness. In men
grass, suitable for pasturage, or for The best Florida beef retails at prices
was mad at her, because they effect a radical cure in all cases aris-
that would you be malice aforethought, soiling, or for hay, that would feed ranging from 7 to I5c per pound, and ing from mental worry, overwork or excesses -
millions of cattle, making as good the dealers claim they can make more of whatever nature. Pink Pills
and I have heard-
', : beef as the Western prairie, by a small money on this meat than on the imported are sold in boxes only at 50 cents a box,
[To be continued.] expense of draining these lands. The article." or six boxes for $2.50, and mav be had of

........ all druggists, or direct by mail from Dr.
new growth takes the place of the Trucking and fruit growing for distant Williams' Medicine Company, Schenec-

Transition. coarse productions of the glade almost markets can be resumed when tady, N. Y.QUICK.

From the Florida Ruralist. immediately pn their drainage, the railway companies and commis-

Some comment has been made upon without even the plowing of the land, sion merchants are ready to make an I WVWsWWvW,

b our article in last month's "Ruralist," and one acre of which would keep equitable division with the farmer of WORK

entitled "Destruction before Recon- and fatten from two to four cattle; and the result of his toil. ,

struction." Transition may have been : by cow-penning on the adjacent up- Above methods, also, would solve etables In selling shipped and paying to us for is Fruits our motto.and Veg-WE

a better term though the word de lands of the stock at night, the up- the range cattle and hog question. GIVE GOODS SENT US BY GROWERS

struction conveyed perhaps as well, lands can be made into fertile soil for BUY FIRST OURSELVES.PLACE BECAUSE WE NEVER
They are protectedby
,: the thought we wished to express to root-crops or wild fruit orchards to our 40 years experience without default-

'the minds of our readers. I supplement the grass and hay from the A Hint to Florida Farmers.A ing a financial dollar. stability Enquire which as to our any standingand bank or

Miss Frances Willard in her autobiography glade in the fattening stock and hogs. merchants having mercantile reports can

in speaking of the great sorrow The following is taken from the Tennessee correspondent of the verify-then METHOD WILL try us-WE SATISFY BELIEVE YOU Send OUR

at the death of her beloved sister Bartow "Courier-Informant:" "Florida Citizen" cites Australia as an your name for our quotations. Stencil and

remarks "I did not then know there "We understand that Mr. Lyle in- example of recuperation from great disasters cards free. Letters promptly answered.

was no death, only transition." tends going into the business of feed- and commends to Florida the FRENCH & CO.,

.,.. From the time this world came ing cattle and hogs on an extensive action of the ,Australians in electingmen 116
Warren St,, New York.
into existence, whether created by the scale. He has thousands of tons of to office who have, or can benefit

direct fiat of the Almighty or evolved hay, forage, corn and peas that he has their sections in industrial lines. No ESTABLISHED 1855.Bradley .

from the sun, not one atom has' been raised this year. He believes that he dead-issue man obstructionist who

destroyed. Great have been the can make no better use of them than retards local development can be elect ,

transitions. Continents! have arisen by stall-feeding; stock for the home' ed to office in Australia. When we in Redfteld.ESTABLISHED. Eugene 1871. D. Redfleld

out of the waters and been submerged market. This is a move in the right the South adopt this Australian (featurewe REDFIELD & SON,

". again. Earthquakes, cyclones, vol- direction. The quality and quantityof shall become prosperous and con

canic eruptions, glaciers,have changed our beef and pork can be largely tented. Commission MerchantsAND

the face of our earth. Immense for- improved in this way, and we trust .. -

ests are incased: in the earth formingour that there will be concerted action Wiregrass milk has a quality which Fruit Auctioneers

coal fields. Prehistoric animal among our people in this matter. often sickens children. Milk made ,
141 Dock Street, Philadelphia, Pa
life changed into phosphate de- There is no reason why we should not from green rye, millet or cowpeas is We handle all kinds of Fruits and Vegetables,

posits, and natural gas, carbonic have as good meats here as anywherein healthy, and just as healthy in Florida either at private sale (which has heretofore been

acid gas, nitrogen, lime, phosphoric the world, and if the stock cattle as in New York. our added custom to our) or business by the)as auction you may system desire.r572 (.recently,

-h -" .. -- '- '
_-7 J
: ,, ,
'' .

... '

- 1895. .?. .. .. TirE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. 573

WEATHER & CROPS gust were not beneficial to the rice .

I'd crop.Hot
' and dry in Alachua county.

1e.1 JACKSONVILLE, FLA., Sept. 3,1895. Good for making hay and dryingcorn. Exhausted Soilsare

. Rain needed for seed
g .
S; planted, and to Cotton,stimulate the sweet c made to produce larger and better crops by the t

potato crop. very'unsatisfac.
3i 3.i1 Tempera- Preclplta- Sun- 'use of Fertilizers rich in Potash. '
i ; lure, ((1)) Hon. ((2)) shine. tory ,in Madison county. Ravaged .

,0 J DISTRICT -NorCur-- NorCur- by rust and shedding badly. Sweet Write for our Farmers' Guide," a 142-page illustrated book. It J\
:e r -mal -rent -mal rent. ror potatoes, cane, pindars and rice good. is brim full of useful information for farmers. It will be sent free, and ."
Central District Warm with
o t Western.. So, 82 1.82 0.96 l...: marked deficiency in-moisture., Favor-a C will make and save you money. Address, iT.

v GERMAN KALI WORKS, Nassau Street,New York.
n Northern.. So 82 1.62 1.25 able week for gathering corn and saving 93 "

- Central.... So 54 1.03 0.90 e g fodder and hay, which largely e .
II) occupied the attention of farmers.
e Southern.. ,82, 83 1.44 0.26 :
., Sections'of the district, particularly I JOHN L. MARVIN

Orange county, have not had rain for President.H. .
e ((1)) Degrees Parenheit. T. BAYA, THOS. W. CONRAD,
'ft ((2));Inches and Hundredths. three weeks. As a consequence, sweet Cashier. Assistant Cashier..

potatoes are suffering for moisture. CApITAIk,, $100,000. -
:I CROP CONDITIONS. These conditions obtain in Volusia

[) 1 Hot and generally dry week over county also. Active preparations be- THE MERCHANTS'' NATIONAL
: the State, the section of most prevalent ing for planting fall vegetables. .

r : showers being largely confined to the Orange trees 'are doing nicely, and JACKSONVILLE J
1 1 Northern counties. likewise,rice and sugar cane. Some ,

r s The absence of rainfall over the cot- sections complain of lack of barns in Respectfully solicits you Deposits, Collections: and Genera.

'1 I ton belt; hastened the opening of the which to store corn, fodder and hay. Banking Business.CORRESPONDENCE .

1 and in is The cotton section of the district reports '
staple activity picking quite
:3 general. the plant as opening rapidly and INVITED.DIRIICYl'ORfJ .
1 picking as having begun. Rust and
, The cessation' of rain came too late
:I I to do much good to cotton; on the shedding only too common and the John L. Marvin, A. B. Campbell. Chas. Marvin,
H. T. Baya '"TvW. Roby, R. B. "
can be readily Judge Archibald,
consequences appre- .
:3 I contrary, the cloudless skies and hot
ciated. Judge E. M. Randall. C. B. Rogers W. M. Davidson
I sun proved a serious injury, resulting Dr H. Robinson. John E. Hartrldare.

: in shedding, rust, and in many cases, Southern District-Warm, with a "
the death of the deficiency in moisture, ruled over the
district. Over the
. The week has been exceptionally uplands sweet potatoes
r in need more moisture. As yet
satisfactory harvesting corn, fodder
3t ; and hay, but more moisture is demanded the lowlands are withstanding the absence 011' .E' ORIDA, _,.t. .
t of rain fairly'well. Conditionof JACKSONVILLE. ,
, for fall gardens, for which a large
, quantity of seed has been planted. orange trees still encouraging, and CAPITAL, .:. $50,000.., .

Rain will be timely for invigorating pineapples over DeSoto, Dade and H. ROBINSON, President. '
Brevard counties
J JI potatoes, corn and other kindred pro- gratifying. Copious TVTVT R.AWT/TVSrW.,. Cashier---. .
showers would be do
timelyand no
ducts. Cotton picking( is general( on .{-I.
uplands and "new bales" are common. little good. Sugarcane shows good DIRECTORS, : .

Absence of rain and cloudless skies growth, and rice proved to be a satis- H. ROBINSON, J. HILDEBRANDT, p. E. MCMURRAY, ,
factory crop. The continued absenceof W.J. HARKISHEIMER, PHILIP WALTER, R. H. LIGGETT; ,
I caused cotton to open rapidly, and a showers will make it J. A. HENDERSON, C.C.. ROBERTSON, W. B. OWEN. -
necessary to 'it
continuation of these conditions will
I replant seed for fall gardens. The Collections made on all points of Florida,and Remitted for on day of Pay :
enable planters to pick large quantities '
ment. Active and Accounts
Savings Solicited. Interest Paid on
,Director, since _the last issue of the
at an early period of the harvest- Savings.
Bulletin, passed through sections of
ing months.
The temperature of the State was the pineapple territory, and the ;'
growth and vigorous 'condition of the FLORIDA FRUIT EXCHANGE.V'JD:
about one (degree) above. the normal, I .
I I with a sharp deficiency in precipitation plant are assuring. ,
all districts the Northern SUMMARY BY COUNTIES. .
over save An Incorporated Home Association of Orange Growers for marketing Florida Fruit to the :I.
and there the rainfall was badly Western District: best advantage.-AUTHORIZED CAPITAL $300.000. ,
BOX MATERIAL-The Exchange is fully prepared to supply boxes and paper'on
distributed. Santa Rosa, 84 degrees; rain, 1.15. order. Write for price list and terms. :

Western District Hot and dry Milton-Carlovitz.- GEO. R. FAIRBANKS, President.-OFFICERS-D. GREENLEAF Vice-President., .I
conditions dominated the district. Escambia, 81 degrees; rain 2.76. ALBERT M. IVES Gen'l Mgr. and Treas. M. P. TURNER, Secretary.
DIRECTORS-Geo. R. Fairbanks, Alachua Co.; E. G. Hill Bradford Co.; Dr. E. E. Pratt
There was ''general activity over the Pensacola.-Wright. Hillsboro; John Fabyan, Lake Co.; Hy Crutcher Orange fruit section where all Jefferson-Week favorable for J. D. Mead, Duval Co.; A. Brady Brevard Co.; F. G. Sampson, Marion Co. ; C. V.-Hillyer,
were busy dry Marion Co.; John M. Bryan, Osceola Co.; W. 'E!. Stanton, Putnam Co.; M. S.Moreman St.
ing fruit or putting the same in a con- growing crops, Rust reported in Johns Co.; C. F:A. Bielby, Volusia Co.; Irving Keck, Polk Co. r
cotton. Aucilla.-Walker. Address'all!' correspondence to the Florida Fruit Exchange,Jacksonville, Fla Stencils,
dition for future demands. Rice
over with Cullpaoadnar and shipping instructions furnished on application. .
the territory is reported to be headingout Jefferson-No rain this week. Cot- "

finely, but more frequent showersare ton continues to die. Opening very
I necessary for the general welfareof fast. Several new bales in this week. JOHN CLARK, SON & CO.,

agricultural interests. Potato crop will be large. Pindars

Leon and Jefferson counties reporta and peas doing well. Lloyd.-Dennis. Grocers and Commission Merchants :

dry week-favorable only for pick- Leon-Dry week. Just what was ;

ing cotton and harvesting corn, fodder wanted for cotton picking and hay I DEALERS "

'' and hay. Fall gardens need frequent making. Rather dry for fall vegeta- i
Coal Grain Wines
showers to stimulate the germ bles. Dradfordville.-Bradford.. Hay, Liquors, j'

ination of seed. Detached sections Northern District : Cigars, Tobacco, Etc. ,, \,

report cotton as dying. Potatoes, Liberty-The past week hot and ...,. JJ" ,
pindars and peas satisfactory. dry. Good for haying and cotton aol onvi11e' E'101..ic1a. ".:ti'::l'""i "

Northern District-Hot and' dry picking. Cane and potatoes doing ..
week. Cotton opening rapidly on' uplands well. Rain would be beneficial. PRICE-L-ISTOF'VV'HISKIES : ,

and picking the order of the Bristol.-M'cAliley.SuwanneeNo Rvn.$1 50 CABINET BOURBON.... .............. .$6 oo
PARKER...... .... .............. ...........175 ]. MARTIN RVU.............................. 3 oo
day. Complaint of rust and shedding rain except light ORANGE VALLEY........... ............. 2 00 VIRGINIA GLADES............... .......... 4 00
quite general. Corn is being harvest-- showers. Very hot. Cotton rusting SPRINGVAI.LUV......... .... .............2 So OLD BOURBON.............,...... ..... 5 00
BALTIMORE CORN,....,.................. 3 oo KNTUCKYSOUR MASH................ 5 00
ed. Pindars fine; crab grass and hay badly. Spreading very fast. Beginning NORTH CAROLINA CORN.. ........ ..... 250 OLD BAKER......... ..............,....... 5 00 :
saved. Cowpeas not so 'good. Con to open, some being picked. CLIFTON CLUB.............. .............300 MONTROSE VEIvETRYE.....,............. 600

ditions favorable to rice, which is Corn being harvested. Pindars fine. JUGS EXTRA: One gallon 250; two gallon soc; three gallon, 750. Remit by post-ofce
money order, check or registered letter. We cannot ship C. O. D. Remit with order.
promising. Showery weather Deeded Hogs,dying with cholera. Rain would
A complete price-list of Groceries, and Wine List, sent free on application.
for the advancement of sweet potatoes.In 'do good. l\fcAlpin.-Block.
Washington county, rains of Au I, 'aker-Good week for crops, JOHN CLARK, SON & CO.


,- -, ,
-. '



though too late in season for cessationof BUDDING WOOD. FOR SALE. Three hundred bushels of Seed
raised in Alachua county. :
rain to benefit cotton. Cotton will per bushel, f o. b. If in lots of four bushes
be gathered much earlier than usual if We can furnish 75,000 Eye buds for dormant and next spring budding. Orders booked now for or over, 82. 25 per bushel. P. F. Wilson, Seeds-
delivery in October and November. First-class buds and true to name. Standard varieties as follows man; Gainesville. Fla. 8-24-2
present conditions continue. 'Cow peas : Majorca, Jaffa, Ruby Blood, Hart's Late, Parson Brown Tangerine Homossassa, Mediterranean SALE. Two Leon farms,
county 480 acres
Sweet, Satsuma and Grape Fruit. Buds well packed and sent to any part of the State for Foil
poor. Rice good. Sweet potatoes not 60 cents per too; $5.00 per t.ooo. 10.000 budded Orange Trees 2 to 4 feet high, budded on sour and 390 acres. Excellent fo: stock raising and
flourishing. Macclenny.-Reed. trifoliate stocks, from i to % iQ> at the ground. Buds inserted in the stump at the ground (not in tobacco growing. W. B. ,Jacksonville,
very the roots)and can be protected by banking this winter. Fla. 8-24-tf
Washington-Fair and dry. Very Peach, Pear, Plum, Persimmon, Loquat and Fig Trees. Large three year old White Niagara IF YOU WANT EGGS feed your hens Boil'd
warm. Good time to save hay. Rice Grape Vines. Beef and Bone. Will make them lay while
ROSES. moulting. Only 82.25 per 100 pounds. C. H.
l being cut. Chipley.-Danley. i Fifty varieties of roses budded and on their own roots. The famous Marechal Neil a specialty. Jacques Prop., Island Poultry Yards,. Fernan-
.Alachua Most uncomfortableweek I Our roses have proved to be well adapted to this State. For full particulars send for descriptive (Una, Fla. 8-24-4t
and list. Address, SALE. A Pitcher with fourteen
catalogue price FOR Pump ((14))
of the season for man and beast, HASTINGS & WYUIE, of i# inch pipe, $5.00. Delivered in

but good for making hay and dryingcorn. Interlachen, Fla. Jacksonville. M, Chesebro, Plummers, Fla.817-4

Archer, 83 degrees; rain, 1.59. V f>nn 000 Alabama Newnans and Alabama
Andrass. Colonists for Florida.A Florida's freeze did not inure iJ f clouds. Admitted by. all who
very have seen them to be the best Strawberry Plantsin
Madison-Cotton in bad condition. big scheme to colonize Florida is much to the benefit of the California the place. Price $1.00 per 1000, f. o. b. B.

Blight, rust and shedding. Low lands on foot. 'The promoters are Messrs.L. orange growers. They organized and Padgett, Lawtey, Fla. 8-i7-tf

were overflowed. Corn, pindars and D. Clay and C H. Hart, of Iowa, put up the price of oranges some fifty NEW JAPAN do,Mikado PLUM, Weeping BUDS.Blood White Plum Kelsey, Un-,

potatoes good. Also cane and rice. who have been in the business nearly cents or more per box .f. o. 'b., and the known Yone Momo, Furugiya, Wasse, Hatankyo Botankyo, Wasse, Nagate-No-Bo-Sumomo,

Ellaville.Sammons.Central twenty years, operating in the main in result was some three thousand car- tonyo, Sagetsuna.: Honsmomo, Wassu, Hytan

District: the Northwest, with unlimited success. loads of oranges have spoiled on the prices Kayo. of The buds best or trees.lot ever Seed imported.of Citrus Write Trifoliata for

Lake-Good week for haying. While they propose to operate throughout ready in September at $i per pound in the hull.
trees.We Seed of Cassabanna (Benincasa Cerifera) ready
Everything growing finely. Prepara- the whole State to a greater or less are glad that the per cent of in November at 50 cents for 20 seed, J. L. Nor-

tions being made for planting early degree, they will do more work in that will mand, Marksville, :La. 8-17-6
Al ...._ .._.... ..1..__ groves be abandoned about CITRUS NURSERY TREES AND BUDWOOD
vegetables. Great aemana lor barns ac UU4 UUIU.Y iuu.ii elsewhere. They DeLand will be small. We are gladto Parson Brown, Stark'a Seedless,

in which to house hay and fodder. have two hundred thousand acres of the confidence Jaffa, Tangerine, King, Tardiff, Grape Fruit I
see so rapidly restored
Villa Franca Lemons and other varieties,
Eustis-83 degrees; rain, 1.50.- land in twenty counties of Florida that renewed activity in the in- such as Nonpareil, Majorca St Michael
Malta Blood and Centennial. Address, A. J...
has been selected by and that
Margory. experts, dustry, getting the groves to grow and Duncan, Manager, Milwaukee Groves and Nur-
Marion-Little rain and plenty of they claim is the best land for their flourish, and in some cases entire new' series, Dunedin, .Fla. 8-i7-tf

sunshine. Harvesting corn about business that could be had. Their BAHAMAS. A few persons wanted to join a
are being set where the
groves young to the Bahamas. Capital required -
completed. Cutting hay begun. Or- land is distributed as follows : groves were killed e n tirely.DeLand d j65oo to ,.j "Iooo. Address "Britisher
Acres. Lane Park, Fla. 8.174
ange Lake-84 degrees; rain, 1.06.- Alachua ....-...;.... .............. .......... 25,116 Record.
Anderson. Bradford ...... ...... ...... .... ........... 2914 STRAWBERRY PLANTS. Write to John B.
Brevard.... ................ ..... .... ..... 2,283 Fla.,for price list. 8-17-11
Orange-Crops about all gathered.Not Citrus ... ...... ....... .............. ....... 7,441 STOVE for sale at half
much work done. Hot Clay..... ...... .. '.............. ... .. .... 12,400 P RITI'I'SUMMIT 'rREES. GASOLINE and price.
being Columbia................ .... .....' .. ....,. IHernando. NURSERIES offer a large stock of an oven; nearly Fla. as goodas tf
W. H.
and dry. No rain for about three ... .....,.. .............. ........ 7,158 Trees at very low prices. Satsuma new. Powers. Lawtey.
Liberty....... ...................... .... .... 13,930 Oranges, Lemons Trifoliata Stocks. Peaches, STRAWBERRY PLANTS. Improved Alabama
weeks. :LaFayette... .......... ..... .... ........ 4,901/: Pears Plums Pecans. Roses, etc. List for the The best varieties for
Buda-82 degrees rain -. Proc- Lake ... ........ .............. ........ ..... 2,415 asking. D L. PIERSON, Monticello Fla. Southern planting. Clouds, $1.75; Newnans.
; Marion........... .......... ....... ........ 8,841 $1.00 per 1,000 f. o. b. First class plants and
tor. Madison...,... ...... ........,. ....... 3,580 FOR RENT. packing guaranteed. C. H. Churchill, Lawtey,
trees Orange... .............. .....:............. 4,097 _Fla. 8106ORANGE
Orange-Orange growing vig Osceola ,................. ....., ...........". 3,892 LEMON and GRAPE FRUIT" Bud-
orously. More moisture acceptable. Putnam.................... ..... .......... 2,147 THE ALGONQUIN HOTEL and Budded Trees and small
Pasco.....,.................... ..:......... 7,385 seedling stocks at the Manatee Nurseries.50,000
Crops doing fairly well. Preparations Polk.......... .. ...... .... ........ ..... 36,051 AtSt. Packing guaranteed. A. J. Pettigrew, Manatee --
being made for fall gardens. Ovie. Suwannee .......... .............. .......... 1,960 Augustine. Fla 8-10-5
Sumter.......,........................ .... 2,362 Completely furnished. to G. S. Meserve,
do.-Crutchfield.Volusia Volusia .... ...... .. ......... ...... 32,245 St.Augustine, Fla. Apply, ANEW deal on wire netting. Prices cut in
two. We pay freight. Wnte for our latest
-Sweet potatoes suffering. They will return North this summer ._._ price-list. E. W Amsden Ormond, Fla. 7-i-tf

Hay about harvested. Orange trees and by liberally advertising the many FOR SALE. 150 nnn STOCK CITRUS TREES FOR

putting on more new growth. Barber- resources of the State, moving among Sour Orange f Sweet SALE.Orange Grape and Fruit Rough Seedlings Lemon

ville.-Hill. the people and securing cheap excursion THE OCEAN VIEW HOTEL, Seedlings, 65,000 Seed bed Grape Fruit Scions
with a large stock of all Standard Varieties of
Columbia-Rain this afternoon will ,rates, bring many people to Flor- At St. Augustine. budded Orange, Lemon and Limes, now grow-
ing for this fall and winter planting. The Lakeland -
ida. It is that trainloadof
help everything-bring garden expected a
up furnished. Right the
Completely on Bay Nurseries C. M. Marsh, Prop., :Lakeland
seed, etc. Hot and dry. Cotton has people will arrive in Alachua county Rare. Bargain. Apply to Capt. W. S. M. BukhamSt. Polk County, Fla.} 8310.
opened rapidly. Lake City, 84 degrees early in the fall, the railroad compa- Augustine or BEST GRASS in good pine for Lawns and hammock and Permanent land. Louisiana Pas--
''i ; rain,0.41.-Knight. nies having already offered induce Grass (Paspalum platycaule). Roots 25

I j I Sumter-Dry and hot. Potatoes, ments. 3-23-tf St. Augustine, and Boston. cents Powers pet, Lawtey.zoo by mail.Fla. $1.25 per barrel. W. tf H.

pindars and peas hurt. Grass in The many years' experience of STRAWBERRY PLANTS Alabama Newnans

woods becoming dry and hard. Ponds Messrs. Clay and Hart in this businessis FRUIT: TREES. Good strong, healthy plants,
$2.00 per 1000. Special rates on 5000 lots or over.
and lakes getting low. Some sickness an assurance of the succesS' of this FOR Address Daveny & Kimbell, Lawtey Fla. 6-29-4

caused by hot weather. Oxford, 85 ; great enterprise. SOUTHERN ORCHARDS.Write rPILGHMAN'S CONDITION POWDERS will
rain .06.-Borden. > make stock eat and grow fat. Given as a
drench to stock that will not eat. Sample pack-
Southern District: Dr. F. W. Inman, of Florence, was for Catalogue and price list. age by,mail 35 cents. W. G. Tilghman, Palatka,

DeSoto-On high lands the sweet in on Monday. He reports that ev- Fla. 6-29-20
--- --------
potato crop needs rain. On low lands erybody is busy in the lake region mak- JENNINGS' NURSERY (.O? which For Choice must be Properties sold at a

condition is better. Orange trees encouraging ing preparations for the winter crop of Thomatvllle, Oa. BARGAINS sacrifice. On the St. Pe-

,: and 'pineapples doing well. vegetables. There will probably not the Sicily of Florida;at tersburg Orlando, a sub-peninsula situation unsurpassed ,

Avon Park, 84 degrees; rain, trace.- be as much planted as heretofore, but : CENT-A- WORD" COL UMN. in the State for its charming combina-
tion of orange groves and lakes ; and at Orange
Thacher. this will only make it a surer thing for RATES.-Twenty words, name and address, Lake the heart of Florida's Citrus region.

!, Polk-We need rain. Everything those who do.-Bartow C-I. one taken week,for 25 cents less than; three 25 cents.weeks .so cents Nothing Florida.Address the Editor of this paper, Jacksonville,

is dry. Sugar cane is making a Advertisements for this column MUST be pre-
IRRIGATED GROVE. 100 acres, TO years set
good growth. Gardens will have to There are several mines in operationin paid.Send no stamps larger than two cents. : 50 in other fruit trees, etc.
the western part of Alachua Initials and figures count as one word. For sale at a sacrifice. Address "1'," The Palms,
be unless rain. Good county.
replanted we get :Lane Park, Lake County, Fla. 4 2i-9m
rice Fort Those actively engaged in mining are
crop of made. Meade. WANTED, An agent in every township to ANYONE who has been benefited by the
Thom on. the Leach, Daisy, Excelsior, Carlisle Cyclone: Corn Sheller. Address use of Dr William's Pink Pills will write to
& Blanton Arlington Sim- Farmer and Fruit Grower, Jacksonville, Fla. tfWANTED. THE FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER, they will receive -
Dade-The pineapple season is Camps, information that will be of much value and
mons High Springs Washer Satsuma and Boone's Early Bud- interest to them.
ended. Proved to be the poorest Anglo State Price Summit Nurseries,
since pineapple.growing in Florida and Chambers mines. Most of themare Headquarters for Pear Trees, Monticello, Fla./ TO MAKE HENS LAYThere, is nothing like
9-7-3 Bowker's Animal Meal. 40 tons sold in Florida
started. Jupiter, 83; rain, 0.19.- employing a full force of men. last year. Hundreds of testimonials. For
-..-.--- --- rj OR SALE 2,000 P. Henderson's New York particulars, write E. W. Amsden, Ormond, Fla.
Cronk. i Improved Spineless Egg Plants. cents
40 io-i3-tf
A. J. MITCHELL, Observer, The execution of the threat of per coo J. M. Graham, Lady Lake Fla.

Weather Bureau Director Spain to cut off the supply of the Ha- STRAWBERRY PLANTS for sale. 500,000 FOR SALE for cashtime or trade orange groves
> Newnans at cts a thousand.A and timber lands. E. RTTMLEY, Keuka,
vana leaf tobacco might be to the ad- liberal discount for large 75 orders. W H. Pla. 3-n-i6t I

Phosphate is moving. Extra trains vantage of Florida growers and manu- Kemp, Lawtey, Pla. 8-31-8 PLANT STRAWBERRIES The Strawberry

:are now being run twice a day from facturers. It would stimulate the cultivation WE CAN FURNISH 60,000 SOUR SEED- I will be greatly over done next year,
Will dormant bud in
lings. same any and only those who plant under the best conditions
Arcadia to Punta Gorda, by the Plant of tobacco in this State, and quantity from 100 up With any variety of orange will make a profit. Lawtey berries are
within short time the manufacturers pomelo and lemon if 25 per too for all except quoted in the New York Price Current this
;System to carry the large shipments of a Boone's Early and Seedless Pomelo. These week. 35 to 45 cents; from all other parts of the
'phosphate from the Peace River Phos- would be entirely independent of will be $35 per 100. Ready for delivery Novem State; 25 to 35 cents. Lands for sale or rent at
Cuba. ber 15, J, W. & P. D. Waite Belleview, Fla. reasonable rates. E, G. Hill, Lawtey, Fla
:phate Company. 8-3i-tf ''S-4-tt



'.Wjf'f, !, @"ij"1.:,"-.. ".,- ,-' .. ,,- '- > --r" ,'r'I'". ".. ", -.. -- ,.. ,- ----- .
: : '" .. : "J.\-\ '"" -, <.. .... ,. .




SAVANNAH LINETO The Clyde Steamship Co.


48 to ,55 hours between Savannah, New York and Philadelphia, and

65 to 70 hours between Savannah and Boston.
The magnificent Steamships of this Line are appointed

to sail as follows, calling at Charleston, ,S. C.,

From New York. From Jacksonville,
O. M. t90RR L. Manager. (Pier 29, E. R.) STEAMER Florida.
Monday a6th, at 3 p m.. 'CHEROKEE"...........Sunday, Sept. ist, at I30pm;
Wednesday, 28th, at 3 p ."IROQUOIS"...........Tuesday 3d, at 4.ooara
Friday, 30th,at 3 pm........ 'ALGONQUIN".Thursday, f' 5th at 5:00: am
Tuesday, Sept.. 3rd,at 3 pm."SEMINOLE".Sunday, 8th, at esoam
Friday 6th, at 3 pm........."CHEROKEE". Thursday, 12th, at ioooa; m
Sj, Monday, 9th, at 3 pm..........."IROQUOIS"...... ........Sunday, isth at 2:00: p m
Wednesday, nth, at 3 pm........."ALGONQUIN"...........Tuesday, ",17th,"at 3:30: am
Friday, ". 13th. at-3 p m........... "SEMINOLE". Thursday, igth at 4:30: am
Tuesday, 17th, at 3 p "CHEROKEE" .... ....Sunday, 22nd,at 6:30: a m
Friday, 20th, at 3 pm......... "IROQUOIS" .........Thursday, 26th, at 10:30 a m
.. ,'- Monday, 23rdat3pm......... "ALGONQUIN". Sunday, 29th, at xyopm:
Wednesday, 25th at 3 pm..... "SEMINOLE"...........Tuesday, Oct 1st, at 1:30 pm
".' Friday 2that E:pm."CHEROKEE" ..........Thursday, 3rd, at 4:00: a m
t Philadelphia, Charleston and Jacksonville Line.

pa.a.ae: Rate.I For the present and until further notice, Steamer YEMASSEE", is intended to

Between. Jacksonville and New York: First-class $25.00; Intermediate, $19.00; Excursion, $43.30; sail from PHILADFLPHIA for CHARLESTON, Wednesdays, and from
;_. Steerage, $12.50. CHARLESTON for PHILADELPHIA, Sundays. Close connection )made at

Jacksonville and Boston or Philadelphia: Cabin, $27.00; Intermediate $21.00 j Excursion $47.30 ; Charleston with Clyde Florida Steamers for business to and from Jacksonville and
The of this to sail follows ,
Steerage, $14.35. magnificent Steamships Company are appointed as :

FROM SAVANNAH TO NEW YORK. all Florida points. Also, Philadelphia and interior points via Philadelphia.

(Central or 90Meridian Time.) -

Nacoochee .............................. ............................. .Sunday, Sept. i, 4.00*. m. S r. J"On: : S :RIvTER: ZINi.::
Kansas,City...... ............'.............. ................ .... ..... Tuesday, Sept. 3, 5.00 p, m.
City of Augusta..................... .-............................ ....Friday, Sept. 6, 630am.
City of Birmingham ............... '... ............... .......... Sunday, Sept 8, 8.00 a. m.
Nacoochee.......... ..,...... .,..... ........ .................. .....Tuesday, Sept. 10, 7.00p.m.
Kansas ..................... ..................Friday, Sept. 13 12 3o p. m. For Sanford, Enterprise and Intermediate Points on
City of Augusta.... .... .... .................. ............. ....Sunday, Sept. 15, i.oop. m.
City of Birmingham ............................................... Tuesday Sept. 17, 4.00 p. m. the St. Johns River.
Nacoochee ............. ............................. ... .............. Friday, Sept. 20, 6.30 a. m.
Kansas City....... .................... ............ ................. Sunday, Sept. 22, 8.00a.m.
City of Augusta........................;....... ... ............ ......Tuesday, Sept. 24, 9.308. m.
City of Birmingham ...... ........... ................ ........... ..Friday, Sept. 27. i.oop.m. '
Nacoochee ..... ................. ........... ............ ............ Sunday,Sept. 29 i.oop.m. steamer "EVERGLADE," -


r Gate City........ ..........-....................................... ....Sunday, Sept i, 4.003. m. Is to sail from Jacksonville and 5:00
City of Macon ........................ ..................... ...... .Thursday, Sept. 5, 6.00a.m. appointed Tuesdays Saturdays at : p. m.,
Chattahoochee............. ........ ............ ........ .... ... ......Tuesday, Sept. 10, 9.00a.m. and returning leave Sanford Mondays, and Thursdays at 5 a. m.
Gate .. ......................... Sunday, Sept. 15 i.oop.m:
City of Macon ......................................... ............ Thursday, Sept. 19 5.30a. m.
Chattahoochee....................... ..........-...........,......... Tuesday Sept. 24 9.30am. 204
Gate City .. .. ............ .. ................. ..........................Sunday, Sept, 29 i.oop.m. General Passenger and Ticket Office, West Bay St., JacksonvilleA. -

J. COLE Passenger Agent 5 Bowling Green, New York.
( Ships do NOT Carry Passengers.) M. H. CLYDE, Assistant Traffic Manager 5 Bow ing Green, New York.D. .
Dessoug:....................... ..!..........;.... ............. .....Monday, Sept. 9, 8.30 a: m. D. C. MINK, General Freight Agent. 12 ;o. Delaware avenue Philadelphia Pa.
Desaong................. .................. .............. ........I..Thursday.( Sept. 19 5.00 p. m. THEO. G. EGER, Traffic Manager 5 Bowling Green New York.F. .
Dessoug..... :................... .................... .......|...... Sunday, Sept. 29 i.oop.m. M. IRONMONGER,, Jr., Florida : Passenger Agent 204 West Bay Jacksonville Fla.
JOHN L. HOWARD, Florida Freight Agent foot Hogan Street Jacksonville, Fla.
J. A. LESLIE, Superintendent, foot Hogan Street, Jacksonville. Fla.

WM. P. CLYDE & CO., Gen'l Agents,
-Connect at Savannah with Central Railroad of Georgia, Savannah Florida & Western Railway,
Florida Central & Peninsular Railroad. 13 South Delaware Avenue. Philadelphia. 5 Bowling: Green, New York.W. .
Through Bills fading Tickets and Baggage Checks to all points North and East. See your
nearest ticket agent or write for Freight or Passage to
J. P. BECKWITH) G. F. & P. Agent, New Pier 35 N. R., New York.R. .
New Pier No.35 North River, New York. City Exchange Building Savannah. Ga.
RICHARDSON &! BARNARD Agents, Lewis' Wharf BostonW.
I,.JAMES, Agent, 13 S.Third Street Philadelphia.W. WILLIAM A. BOURS & CO.
. : H. RHETT, Gen'l Agt. C. R. R., 317 Broadway New York.J. ,
D. HASHAGEN, Eastern Agent Sav., Fla. &: Western Ry. Co., 261 Broadway N. Y.
J.I,. ADAMS, Gen'l East. Agt. F. C. & P. R. R., A.DeW. SAMPSON, General Agent
353 Broadway, New York. 306 Washington St., Boston.W. Grain Garden Seeds and Fertilizers
.-J.- FARRELL, Soliciting Agent. W. E.ARNOLD, Gen.Trav. Pass. Agt.,
WALTER HAWKINS, Fla.Pass. Agent ,
;i- New Office West.Bay Street, Jacksonville.
i 224 """ '

t We Handle Only the Best and Most Reliable Seeds. A Comple Stock of

YOU HAVE HEARD. Hay, Corn, Oats, Flour' Bran, Wheat, Grits, Meal,

ABOUT Cotton Seed Meal, Both Bright and Dark.


NEW RIVER.RIVER. t F rygeri-Illen Fertilizer Co. NITRATE SODA,

<. "

Star Brand Fertilizers, MURIATE OF ,POTASH,

THE TROPICAL, SUN, Orange Tree and Vegetable KAINIT, Etc.

Published at West Palm Beach is the official paper of Dade; is the Recognized Exponent of the Re. These Fertilizers have no superior in the market and a trial will convince.Send .
sources. Attractions and Advantages of that Wonderful Region-The Mecca of the Home Seeker, for Catalogue free
the Trucker, the Fruit Grower and the Investor.
Published in this territory every Thursday since February 21St, 1887, this publication is recog
nized as an authority on the country, its products how to grow them and how they pay, the -
country's development and 1 its future. In short THE TROPICAL SUN Is the Paper or Dade. i :XXO FOR .ATLANTA.
Don't fail to BOO our splendid Exhibit at the great Exposition. The same
An Eight Page All Home Print Weekly Publication, class of goods that took the highest awards at the World's Fair. _
Subscribe for it and keep posted on the Coming Section of Florida. factory prices. As manufacturers we save you 20 to CO per cent. All
'Terms-$a for One Year; $1' for Six Months. Address, work Guaranteed. Send for our latest and biggest Catalogue, showing ,"
"A"tirMet ek' new Btylen. improvements and lowest prices. is free. Write today Uj 6IraM.1/0.
West Palm Beach, Fla. I Mention U t BUM of iMi >p>aper .ft a jou .ri...
1 .

...- .--r .. .,.
.. _."



I ,

State Agricultural FLORIDA Colleae .,'." I THE "DAISY"" PLOW. i

t ,
.V I
\ :..i' .I:" IW.
LAKE CITY FLA. ''I.! ;;j/. ....I!, ..
,. ,\'I.< 'i..r.

MONDAY SEPT.'30. 1895. '

i An Implement That Every Gardener and Strawberry i

regular courses, Agricultural, Mechanical Grower Should Have.The .
,Latin-Scientific, Women's,equivalent .
in length studies and honor. Graduatesof I
Latin-Scientific course receive degree of A. B.; Shortest Quickest Most Attractiverou -' f

of other courses, degree of B. S. '. -,.;.,
A one year's Business Course giving thor- i
ough instruction in Commercial LawArithmetic, r :& I,
Penmanship and BookKeeping.A .
year's course in Stenography, TypeWriting -' BETWEENFLORIDA .
and Telegraphy, fitting students for business. POINTS AND THE NORTH .
Graduates of these courses receive certificates of THE; S
proficiency.A .
course in Piano Music has been added Florida Central and PeninsularNEW
under an associate of.the Toronto Conservatoryof .
Music, giving best facilities to students of the
Piano, at a reasonable charge. THROUGH ROUTES.
Military Instruction under a graduate of: New York to Jacksonville by
West Point. The young men are under Military New Florida! Pennsylvania It. R. to""Wash
Discipline similar to West Point The and ington Southern Hallway to
College Physician attends all students without Northern Columbia, Florida Central & ,
charge. Lake City is one of the healthiest placesin Air Line.Cincinnati Peninsular to all principal .j.y
America. High Pine Land. Pure Water. In points in Florida.
eleven there has not been a death at the
years ,
Cincinnati to Jacksonville \ :;
by : .
College. All courses are open to women. Stu-
Queen & Crescent to Chattanooga ,
dents not prepared for the Freshman class can "
and Southern R'y to Ever- .
enter the Preparatory Department.To
all students from Florida tuition is Free in Florida! }ette, Florida! Central & Penin-
all departments except Piano Music. Music Limited. sular to all important Florida

students pay a reasonable charge. Students points. .
from other States pay$20 a year tuition, music Kansas City, Fort Scott & '. \ '.
extra. Young men be aid in the Mess Hall at$to I Kansas'andJacksonville City Memphis 11.R.to Kansas : ..:. ...
a month. Young women board with families in }to Birmingham, Southern R'y iW .
town at $10 to815 a month. College year begins Th Line to Everette, Fla. Central & tI : : :,>e1.
September 30, 1895. ro Peninsular to all Fla. points. I .' 0., ...."\r... ;

For catalogues address Louis to Jacksonville by !) .. '.. .>.:..
Short Line to Du '
Quoin, -
O. CLUTE PRESIDENT, Holly Sp'gs 1St. Central to Holly Sp'gs, best Tool for intensive culture ; saves the expenses of a horse ;
LAKE CITY, FLA. Koute. City, Memphis & Birmingham :- '
J to Birmingham,Sou. does the work just how and where ..you want it done. :
ll'y to Everette and F. C. & P. ,

Sioux City & Chicago to Jacksonville .
JOHN B STETSON UNIVERSITY 111. Cent. to Holly H- '
Holly lloute.New Sp'gs. }Sp'gs, K., C. M. & B. to Birmingham Thousands of acres of.Truck and Strawberries are cultivated entirely by hand.
Sou. it'y to Ever- This little plow has been perfected with special reference to Florida use and
IDELAND, FLORIDA.For ette and the F. C. & P. with the assistance and suggestions of.Florida growers. .
Louis'ille &Nash'ille to River
both sexes College, Normal School, Orleans Junction. F. C. & P. only
Academy,-Art School and Conservatory of Music To 1 route with through sleepers
An institntion of first rank. Faculty of twenty Jacksonville between New Orleans and -

teachers.steam, lighted Seven by electricity.elegaut buildings Hot and, heated cold water by Jacksonville.The Four Points and a Wrench, Go With Each Plow..

baths. Thoroughly equipped gymnasium. De F. C. & P. has 700 miles of track! in
partment of.Physical Culture, with Military Drill Florida running through the
for young men. Library of6ooo volumes. Reading Tobacco Meg ons, Given with this paper to new subscribers for one year for $5.00 f. o. b. at our
room, with all leading periodicals and daily Stock Farming and Dairy Section,
and weekly papers. Thoroughly equipped Peach and Strawberry Lands, Store-room.
chemical and physical laboratories. Separate Orange, Banana and Pineapple Country '
buildings for Music and Art Schools, with artists Phosphate Belt. FARMER and FRUIT GROWER,
1 of established reputation in charge. Opens Has the Silver Spring and
October 2. Send for catalogue giving full inform- Other Fine Scenery. JACI-cSONVILLE, P'LA.
ation, to TJie Great Hunting Country.
JOHN F. FORBES, Reaches the Rioted Fishing Grounds.
President. Has the best lands for tillage, greatest variety N. B. Special low rates given for Pony, Clipper and Hammock Plows in connection -
of soils in the State and above all with the paper. Write us for terms.

Runs over the Central Rldgreland
Where It Is High and Healthy.
lorida Prosperous towns fill its route and it offers r :
-r the best freight facilities for any produce to WHY ? :
Lan d 5 the Northern markets. Send for the popular


Orangesorts ((9 I with"MY its spirited FLORIDA words and HOME beautiful music Go on "Niggering" tho Corn off the Cob, Blistering your Hands and .

descriptive of an actual Florida! Home, and Wearing the Skin off? Buy a"CYCLONE"
which is gotten up in elegant style-Six ,
of full sized best music paper, containing also
a picture of a home in Florida! and a huntingscene.
It is mailed on receipt of 10 cents (in CORN SHELLER.SEVERAL .
investmentslevelopments stamps, to pay expense of distribution))
Send also for the best (sen
free) and note the towns on its route.A. .
Jacksonville, Fla. SHOULD HAVE ONE.

I AttractionsAddress .. The Fla. Cent. -& Peninsular R. R.. -

I'JI'a .- It is fully warranted against breaking or getting -
G. p. ACKERLY Offers to Shippers ";' h'' out of order by any fair usage.

The Shortest and Quickest Route _i It takes less power to do the same amount of
GENERAL PASSENGER AGENT, 4 S S work than any other machine of its size ever
FLORIDA AND ALL POINTS IN JI There is no time lost after, you are'through
JACKSONVILLE. FLORIDA shelling by picking the cobs out of the shelled
u1 I ill corn, as the machine takes the corn all off the
With Improved Ventilated Cars, this com- Ih, 4. cob, drops the corn in the box or basket, takes
pany is better equipped than ever ever to the cob on around and throws it off at the back.
You handle the Orange and Vegetable Crops, ana Dy a little practice with it you can easily shell
Insure close connections and prompt despatchto oue bushel of oars in about 4 minutes or less.
Can Get all Easteru and Western Markets. The sheller te small but it will do the work of

Ferry's Seeds at dealers" Through, oars to destination with- many a larger machine.

as fresh and fertile your as though out'change or delay. ........l'- = The spring can be adjusted to any tension required
r you got them direct from Ferry's Perishable freight followed by wire and -; and can be loosened when not in use, thus
Seed Farms shippers advised time passing various Junction avoiding any chance of its giving out.
points and arrival at destination.All machine.
A sheller wrench accompanies every .
1 claims for overcharges and loss prompt- "'

ERRY SEEDS adjusted. The manufacturer of this machine Is rated in the Commercial Agencies at $125,000 and is
See that your goods are' markedvia personally known to the Editor to be a responsible man. The .
F. C. & P. R. R.
are known and
where, and are planted always every the For! information call on or address the undersigned -I CYCLONE CORN i SHELLER x
best. Ferry'Seed Annual : I
for 1803 tells all about feC.; E. TAYLOR, Trav. A'gt Ocala, Fla. is not a worthless claptrap affair, but has genuine merit. .
them, Free W. M. TUCKED, Gen. A'Jr1, Orlando, Fla. I Retail price$3.00. Given with the paper one year for. $4 00. or as a premium, for three, new
D. M. Ferry & Co.DetroltMlch G. M. HOLDEN, Trav, gt. Leesburg.,.FlaW subscribers at $z.oo each. Address all orders to
11. FULLER, Trav. AVt,
Jacksonville Fla.!
W, II. PLEASANTS, General }Freight Agt; Juolicaonvillep E'1a.