Florida farmer & fruit grower
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055765/00343
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: S. Powers
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: August 17, 1895
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note: Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038466
oclc - 01387403
notis - AKM6256
lccn - sn 95026761
System ID: UF00055765:00343
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen

Full Text
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S. Powers, Publisher and Proprietor.. JACKSONVILLE FLA., AUGUST 24, t 895. Whole No. 1385 Vol.NEW VII SEItI1S., No. 34




Before buying your Nursery Stock investigate and know what ,you ale getting. Know that,
you are buying of a Grower and not a second or third hand dealer.


58 & 60 WEST MARKET ST. 119 & 123 MICHIGAN} ST.
the most Extensive in the State and ofter all Home Grown Stock. Peaches. Plums Pears
BUFFALO N. Y. Japan Lemons Persimmons on both Grapes, Figs, Mulberries, Apricots, Almonds, Satsuma and other Oranges and


75 varieties of Roses all field grown and Budded and Grafted. Ornamental Trees Shrubs, etc.

(\ It will pay those intending to plant Orchards to visit my Nursery and Experimental Grounds.
Write for Catalogue and any information wanted,
Correspondence invited and stencils furnished on application .Reliable agents wanted at W. D. GRIFFING, PROP.,
all principal.. shipping! points, Macclenny Fla.


First National Bank of Jacksonville, Fla." Bank Commerce Buffalo.. N. Y. Dun's-and.Brad-, ORANGE GROWERS, CALIFORNIA BUDS
street's Agencies.!!> ,


I able to with Orange and .
am Lemon
supply you
OF GARDEN SEED SUITABLE FOR FALL PLANTING, bud,wood of standard varieties, such,as Safe Arrival and Satisfaction Guaranteed.

H 11lT'S TARDIIT, .t V A R I ETI I ES: .Homosassa,Jaffa, Dancy
WILL BE SENT FREE TO ANY ONE. MAJORCA, ,Tangerine. Hart's Tardiff, (or Valencia Late),St. .
: ," ,. IiUI3Y.SANF'OIID'S' ...,.. ;... ..,.,..'' .- .',';,.'..;,.,.' ,.. -' ".'."> Michael,"'Ruby, and, Malta Bloods. ,W.'Navel,r;:;. .... "
,; <: : M d.,,Sweet..S ATSUM A, : it.
tMkajf lte&; ardelill not ; if Bonum and Malta '""'*'>'114; ;
SpPPiSfe t ]iamty6nceTsoHhayour fall 1 i be neglected; MEJJITERlJINEAN Oval.Oranges. .'" .

MAT.TA JiliOOJ Orders Must be for 500 or More Each of
H. G. HASTINGS & CO., S >K5r>iviEjisr.I : lJCEJJ. SWEJiJT,
ST. MICHAEL, Last Two Varieties.
I nterletchen, Florida. CHINA MANDARIN, Etc., Tne true Lisbon Lemon. Villa Franca, Eureka -
At the following prices; Royal Messina,Belair Premium, Everbear-
ing,and Imported Sicily Lemons.
B A PLANTS FOR SUMMER PLANTING. 1000, $5.00; 3000 $12.00; 6000 2000. -.
iNOr iR Q A few Pomelo Hurts, $1 per 10O, !4.5O
o Y t CASH WITH ORDER.In per 1OOO, $10 per 3.OOO !$20 per
An especially large and fine stock of pot grown Tropical and SemiTropical -
12\1\ Fruit Plants, Camphor Cinnamon, Palms, Grevilleas, Surinam Lemons Lisbon Villa'Franca, Eureka at 7000. CASH WITH OKDKK.Can : .
t ''jH Cherry, and hundreds of other useful and Ornamental Plants are '"
same prices. Give Best of Reference Both in
Buds delivered without further cost to and
guaranteed to arrive in fine order. Orders California and Florida.
have several thousands of the fiuest:traiued trees (buds of course) of booked now for June delivery. Address,
d.4" pP Oranges, Lemons, Limes and Pomeloes, in all standard and best sorts;
Choicest ones but$30 per 100, packed free. They will average 3 to 4 feet, C. S. BURGESS, CITRUS. TREES, OLIVES, PALMS AND
(some much larger) and branched. Ready for Autumn planting. Send in your orders early. Riverside Nurseries, DECIDUOUS: TREES, FOR SALE.
Send for large Illustrated catalogue free Riverside, Cal. ,
REASONEIt BROS., Oncco, Fla. Reference-Orange Growers' Bank, Riverside, Address: .
Manatee River Region. Cal. Florida reference given if wanted. I. H. CAMMACK,

Whittier California:
[ Cut this out for Reference.]

FraudBRsFruitWrappers. ,

FRUIT TREES Specially Adapted to Florida.Oriental .

Pears, Japan Plums on Marianna Stocks Japan Persimmons.;Giant Loquat, Strawberry .
Plants. Grape Vines etc. Rare Coniferae, Broad Leaved Evergreens, Camelias. 50,000 Palms, '
10,000 Camphor and Cinnamon trees,Roses. The Greenhouse Department is the largest and Consumers of Fruit Wrappers may ,, T, _v _"t* ;..j1, '1.'i'ci''i: :: '_.. j'1.1
most complete in the Southern States. We grow everything in trees and plants suited to Southern now know that they get an honest ream
horticulture. Catalogue free. Address P. J. BERCKMANS Augusta, Ga. No Agents. of 480 sheets and not 400 or 320 sheetsto Another Wonderful Cure.

ream as some unscrupulous dealers Ever since my "calfhood" I had been in
supply.' trouble Inherited a tendency to "breakingout.

SATS U MA! TRI ED LIAT been."confined After a to severe the stable attack for I weeks.have often Also
OUR "FAIR AND SQUARE"Printed troubled with a rinsing sensation in my nose
and a feeling as If stuck with pitchforks by
(l,.i-. i abet: s uew Luiatoguu.: rug i8v4QS.\ > ,recounts: ij years'experience with the eany,prouucuvo and hardy satsuma orange mono I was!' threatened with"Bologna
and the vi"orous Citrus trifoltata,wl ch, without protection, stands the winters,as far north as Washington,untnliirecl.1 Wrappers are put up in packagesof treatment angry ,"but a friend recommended Ulus-
1000 each, and each Wrapper is tlelty as compounded by the Pago Woven
OES.0MELOSCI numbered, in printing, consecutivelyfrom Wire Fence Co. Adrian, Mich.\ )ne' dose ,
variety, on Dotli orange and into I a t a s i ocks. Over goo varieties ottered for Florida and Lower South,including figs, 1 to 1000. No one can worked a complete cure, and I cau freely
pranes,apricots,olives,mulberries,pomegranatesalmonds,perans,Janan walnutsLJapan chestnuts,kumquats,ornamentals recommend it in all similar cases.

E CHESIP: .U A. Sn tsh11!L HONESTLY BEATour Yours truly Durham Bull I

varieties in orchards and brounds maintained purpose at, ., SAW MILL
been a leadIng feature of the business for thirteen years,and has amply repaid the outlay In the ded prices. Send for samplen and prices
by results obtained In our own rose gardens,we have selected and offer,as especlallvwell adapted to the climate of this reilon
TI : s. toTHE F FARMER S i works with A successfully h, p., also

q.gY: .. Grinding Mills
: growers annual amnioruculturaUiana.book free I l-ullanacorrectaescripuonsi 40 accurate, JERSEY CITY PRINTING CO., ..' ?
artistic illustrations! recent results with leading sorts|latest practice ani best methods In culture and management. Send to and Water Wheels. l i
O. It. TABER. Glen St. Mary Fla.. for new edition (enlarced and rewritten throughout)of the Catalonia or hisLENST.MARYN JERSEY CITY, N. J.
DeLoach Mill Mfg.Co.. '
N. B.-We do not deal in imprinted 1

wrappers. 323 Highland, Ave., Atlanta, Ga.

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Mandoline= Banjollandoline. =Quitar..

viiMiMimniiiiiMiii........mill I INVENTED AND MANUFACTURED I IN AMERICA.I "..................................... 'I

., These are the Instruments of the Age and the latest invention in the Musical Art ; nothing choicer or more elegant

,-", for Concert and Home. The sweet, delicate clearness of the Mandoline breathing through .

the vivacity of the Banjo and Guitar tone. ., .


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The New Society Musical Instruments. d

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See it try it 1 and you will be pleased. I

.:. .:. .:. For sale toy dealers in Musical, Instruments. 4.If i- .. .s. 'i.

.. not obtainable at home, write to headquarters. I


. ;'.kx: (Copyright,1893,by,A.Pollmann). ,, I


Tn:01JS.A.NDS: : :: : IN:: tJS:&.

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G a ., p ,,, ,i ,i,, ;, I, I, at its own fireside, with the effect of a full orchestra, at trifling cost.

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'' n ,j p, ;!''iil l ,!,''r :1" It takes but a few days to become an expert player, no previous knowledge -

,d 1 iq i'' ""'' of music being required. Thus the entire music-loving public are

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STICK ,TO THE ORANGE I of the citrus and establishing 'them I "It comes in an over ripe condition, THE LECONTE PEAR.
in Florida, we ought not to begrudgethe poorly packed and badly sorted, a -
A Poor Prospect in Vegetable time to search out any lingering I combination which is of no benefit to Wrapping the Fruit, Marketing
; Growing.Editor sprouts which remain from our disas- the shipper. It is equally bad for me, Culture, Etc.
ters and preserve them to the State. I as the commission on a car of fruit at Editor Farmer" and Fruit-Grower.
Farmer and Fruit-Grower.. There are doubtless scattered, here $800, is much less than on one at 'I You quote part of an article by me
August has come, and half gone, and there, some of each of the long $1,500. Four carloads of cherrieswere on LeConte' pears, and say that you
and there is yet wanting the development list which in the past has proved of sacrificed for $5,000, that should think the advice against wrapping the
I have fully expected from the great value. It must not be lost to have brought $10,000, and it was fruit in paper is "fanciful and not well
orange stumps and roots. Some are our State.I the fault of the shipper." "My experience taken." Now, I ought to know whatI
doing better than I expected, giving shall grow fewer varieties for the here will be of great value to am talking about, for I paid just
good promise that every fragment of market, apd be governed largely as to me when the time comes for me to even $90 for the knowledge. Several
root will throw out its green sprouts, what the market has preferred, not for- again ship oranges." years ago, when I was about to ship
and shoot upward and in time reward getting that some varieties stood the President Berckmans of the Geor- my first car load of pears to Chicago,
our patient care by bloom and cold better than others. Shall try to gia State Horticultural Society and the my commission merchants urged me
fruit. Not a little depends on our arrange that, in shipping, a car can American Pomological Society, emphasized so strongly to wrap the fruit, and insisted -
nursing and attendance. Nature is be filled of not more than two varie- I the above points in .his ad- that it would pay, that I bought
full of surprises to all who study her .ties.In dress at the late annual meeting on $90 worth of paper, all cut to the proper -
and wait on her developments.There a careful examination, made dur- July 31st at Cuthbert, Ga. In regardto size, intending to wrap the whole
is very little of my grove ing the past few days, I find no stumps packing all fruit at a regular grade crop. The fruit was then about two-
which will not go to'the ground; and whose roots are dead. There is a distinctly and in the same style, so that "when thirds grown and still green. Well, I
the sprouts that I value are those drawn dead line, and the green you see the top you see the bottom"he did wrap the first car load, and con-
which come from the ground. Many wood is swelling, even where no shoots said "when an association is once cluded to wait results. On arrival of
stumps have a dozen or more strong, have started; and the callusing lips, known to ship nothing but high grade the pears in Chicago, I was wired at
vigorous shoots, stocky and well next to the dead line, tell that there is fruit, there is no difficulty in securing once to "wrap no more pears," and
branched, growing in a circle often six'feet still vitality to assert itself and peep remunerative prices, and commission notified by letter- that the fruit was
in diameter. These I shall for above tie ground. Wait, and think merchants, are then the most eager shriveled and of poor quality.
the next year or two, let grow, all of well, and "take care," before you decide buyers." Fortunately I kept a box that had
them. They will protect each other. to give up the stumps and roots "California cultivates a small list of been wrapped as a sample and sent
Those that have most stamina will for any vegetable-growing beyond select fruits which constitutes the bulk one to a friend in Houston the day
crowd out the weaker ones. It is too home'wants. of the fruits shipped East. Their list the car started, requesting him to
early to select those which are best to I need not say anything of varieties. of shipping peaches is six or eight, keep until mellow. I had already
leave. I have been putting in buds The State Horticultural Society is pub- plums the same, eight of pears, and a found out that the LeConte would
for the last two weeks in part of the lishing a full list of them, with com- still less number of grapes." mellow up a good eating pear if gath-
' shoots; enough so that I may have plete descriptions. Send your dollarto Later on, Mr. Berckmans says : "In ered when little more than half
; budding wood to work with next Mr. Manville and get that list, point of quality the California peachas grown and packed in close boxes, but
1,1 spring; and shall probably not cut which will be out at an early day, with shipped here is often a delusion anda did not know that they would shrivel
back much till the spring of '96, the proceedings of the last meeting of fraud, but its bright appearance, and and taste bitter if wrapped in paper.
i even in the limited amount I now the Society. Eveny fruit grower needs the attractive manner in which it is About the time I received the letter
bud. I label everything I set and the report. offered for sale, takes the eye, and the from Chicago, I received one also
,,' ,. ,. keep a record of foot buds ,and so ,on There is much work yet to be donein buyer's money." from my Houston friend saying the
up to the last,bud I use on the stick. horticulture: in Florida. I believewe We are all familiar with the attract- pears were not fit to eat. I openedmy
j My work in budding, for a period of shall grow plums successfully here, ive appearance and perfect packing of box and found the same state of
fifty years, has taught ,me that thereis which we can put in the market in the California fruit.It things.:
a law in nature' about even such advance of any other State. This yearon should teach us very much, and The trouble was in the immaturityof
small matters as the place where you a neighbor's tree there were fully one fact let us emphasize-three- the fruit. It gathered before full
cut your buds on the shoot or branch seven bushels of elegant Kelseys, andI fourths of her oranges that we see are maturity and wrapped, the paper absorbs
you are using; and that the variationwe do not give up that thousands of navels-a thick skinned, beefy orange the moisture and the fruit will
so often see in standard varietiesof other Kelsey trees will, in coming sea- which carries. We can do better in shrivel and be of poor quality. Butif
fruits is largely due to this law. sons, bear as well. Bushels of plum Florida as to quality, and there is no gathered when little more than
For years I have only cut Jaffa buds pits will be planted this season for experiment reason why we cannot do as well in half grown even, and packed in tight
from one tree in my grove to get and such progressive workers grading and packing if we will giveour boxes and allowed to sweat, the qual-
established uniformity in my fruit ofa "as G. L. Taber will some time be packing to associations. ity is excellent and the fruit keeps
standard and desirable variety which able to tell us how to grow and whatto Georgia ships ripe peaches to Liver- plump.
has.been. profitable for me to grow. grow in plums as well as he has in pool in excellent order, and to Denver, When the LeConte is full grown
If'I wanted smooth, shapely orangesof peaches. Colorado. Why shall not Florida and about to ripen or is a little yel-
medium sizes and had plenty of The kaki, too, is susceptible of improvement growers do the same with oranges ? low, wrapping has no effect one wayor
budding wood, I would not use any and comes into heavy "Necessity is the mother of inven- the other. The immature fruit will
except the first four or five buds whichare fruiting as early as peaches. Plant tion." The necessity is upon us. Let also shrivel if exposed to the air but
well developed on a stalk. Thesedo seeds of your best fruits, and expect,, us try. The many small sighs which will ripen plump and nice if packed in
not start so quickly as the ,buds in some cases, to get better and finer come to our ears occasionally are only bulk and in a close place. The wayto
which are angular, farther up, but fruit. Do not be content to yield, but the deep breathings of the large armyof make money on LeConte pears is
they can be made to come and do keep on and conquer. The best kakiI horticulturists who refuse to yield to begin to ship early, before the glutof
produce, as a rule, rounder wood, in have seen are seedlings from the because they are not beaten.I peaches and melons and before the
the'citrus family, and more fruit. kaki. They are beautiful trees, more said above, nature is full of sur California Bartletts come in.
But at this time, we cannot pick and vigorous than .our present varieties, I prises. I fertilized my bananas as Nothing pays better than caieful
choose. I am using the last bud even with a new type of leaves. 'usual in March. have bunches growing assorting of the fruit. Some dealers
when it is so tender that it is not We have much to learn about ship to day, from which I expect to eat prefer small fruit to large, so that they
wood. Next year I expect to have ping. I am glad some of our growers fruit the last of November. I I can give more for a nickle, but they
enough of the varieties I prefer to have gone North, and are in the commission LYMAN PHELPS. all want the same size in the same box.
choose from. business, to learn that end. A August 16, 1895. :My trees over-bore the season alludedto
I decided wrote me above, and I had a great many
One thing am fully prominent orange grower -...-
about, "to stand in my lot" I look to under date of August 4th, "All you small pears. I bought a. Californiafruit
see better 'fruit in the future than I say about packing fruit and selectingis ,Mr. L. M. Lawson of the Apopka grader that would run through
have in the past, and to learn more true to the letter. The amount of neighborhood came in on Tuesdaywith 500 bushels a day, making four sizes.I .
about it. "Stare super antiquas? To imperfect fruit sent to this market, that a wagon load of scuppernong let the two larger sizes go as LeConte
stand upon the old paths and work. returns the shipper nothing, one would grapes. He says he will have about pears and stamped the two smaller
"Stagnation is something more than hardly believe, unless they could see 100 bushels of grapes for which he gets Little Gems," and they sold, to the
death, it is corruption also." it. It is the very trouble I am having two dollars per bushel. These grewon poor class of retailers at good prices.Of .
I think, with E. H. Hart and Chas. ,with the shippers in Oregon and Wash. an arbor of about three-quarters of course the market was not over-
Amory, if Gen. Sanford could spendso ington who wished me to handle their an acre.' They require very little attention stocked as badly then as now, audit
much in introducing fine varieties fruit. or care.-Orlando Reporter. I is a question whether it will pay as

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you know who you are dealing with. "CHEAP" Fertilizers are dear at any price. Our motto is, "GOOD FERTILIZER CHEAP," (not

Cheap Fertilizers at Low Prices,) and we point with I pride to the reputation attained by the LITTLE BROS.' Brands wherever used.

I For present conditions we recommend the use of the following brand described in our Circular Letter of December 31, 1894, and which has already

been used extensively : -

Special attention is also called to the following brand : .
T RITCI: : : E" :&R' IhIIEI2.:

, Ammonia..... ..... ........6 to 7 per cent. .f .... to cent.
a 4 per
c. "
Available Phosphoric!! Acid..4 to 6 .
f t: ...... ..... Available Phosphoric Acid..6 to 8 "
Potash, (Actual) too
t ,: 3 Potash (Actual) .... ........4to6 "

cr '., PRICE, $32.00 Per Ton f. o. bit Jacksonville. PRICE, $22.00 Per Ton, f. o. b., Jacksonville.
: Lowest Cotton Seed Meal, Nitrate Soda, Sulphates and Muriates of Potash. Write us for prices on any thing you may need.



I well to ship the small ones on a The dry portion, which was good tree our trees to the ground, and that these pend, to a considerable extent, on its
| crowded market. i I Ii land, is still covered and shaded with freezes are very necessary in the econ- location. If in the northern part of

\i: The very low pricce of fruit and the original oaks. They look very omy of nature to kill the bugs, scales, the citrus belt, Satsuma, Mandarin,

J \; vegetables this season is very discouraging pretty and in park like but there is no flies, etc., that prey upon our trees. Parson Brown and Boone's Early

I but it must be remembered that money them. Horace Reed, a That the first thing to be done after would be best. -

i i is: everything in the .South is about a..Ii son of an old settler here has movedto the freeze is to cut the trees down at If in the central part, Mandarin,

j ;: month late, owing to the terrible freeze j West Virginia. A letter was received the surface of the ground, and that Parson Brown and Boone's Early ;

;' of last spring, and an exceptionally from him a few days ago say- nature will surely renew the dead ,tree Jaffa, Stark's Seedless or Homosassa,

:< .;: heavy yield of all kinds of fruit allover ing that Mandarin was a paradise be and that these new trees will bear fruit Tahgerine and grape fruit, Tardiff and
side West will
I I', the country has brought prices Virginia. So that we again in from two to three years, if King. !

I j :: everywhere below a paying basis. be 'sure to see his smiling face again the soil is rich enough to produce If in southern division, all of the t
before Christmas and wiser
i In conclusion, I would suggest that, a poorer them.I above except the first four named.It .

I 1 as the LeConte pear crop will increaseJ man. My old neighbor, A. J. B., ,see nothing to be gained by dig- would be preferable to have not
he is tired of and with
J;'j largely every year, it behooves the says Florida! He disgusted twice before ging around the roots ; nothing to be over six varieties in a grove of ten

j.V growers to improve the fruit as much went away gained by cutting off the lateral roots.I acres, and perhaps four would be bet-
and his
back "dear
a If. as possible. Threre are several ways old Florida"was glad to get to have sprouts as large, tall and thrifty ter still, for the trees will not bear

i to do this. again. where I have mowed one crop of grass heavily for several years and there is
The wise said "As the
I First, do not let the trees over-bear. man once and pastured a cow at times since as considerable extra trouble and expense -
bird who leaveth her is the
i Thin out and cut back the limbs in nest so" anywhere else. Ninety per cent of and more loss in marketing a ,
who leaveth his But
I August just after the crop is off. This man place. my stumps have thrifty sprouts, and few boxes of many sorts, as compared ':
learn in
I ; is'the best time to prune, and reduce people seem never to only they are fast appearing from the rest. with many boxes of few varieties. On
the hard school of that
\ the crop the following year. The experience These that make their appearance now pine or hammock land of say' fairly
there is
fruit needs plenty sunshine to makeit no thoroughly good place on and later than this prow very rapidly, good quality, all varieties are more
this little
bright and clean-looking. ,will'dirty succeed planet. That a man he and will need protection the coming thrifty productive" on rough lem-
better where
But in spite of sunshine and air, generally winter. I have cut grass six feet high on, though in first quality soil'other
is known and where he is
many pears will become spotted with acquaintedwith between my orange stumps, and in stocks are satisfactory. .
all the ins and of
,I." a kind of mildew, especially those that outs getting a other places the tea weeds, are threeor Mandarin, Tangerine, grape fruit
living than elsewhere. One
are shaded. Spraying with Bordeaux moves to four feet high and growing finely. and King require more nitrogen than

'; mixture will almost entirely prevent California, one to Colorado, one to Whoever said that this was not a grass other sorts and as the rough lemon

this and make the fruit very handsome. I Brazil, and they meet people coming country evidently spoke before the requires less these four are especiallywell

i One application will do if the seaon is here or going to some other far away returns were all in." suited to that stock, on pine landat
all lose time and
{ '; not too wet, but I have found two Nearly Captain G. offers to give $25 for the least, and if other stocks are to be

i I better. The first should be applied money and and gain nothing but experience first box of oranges from Mandarinnext planted in same grove they shouldnot

: : just after the pears are well set and the discouragement.It year. I think some of' us will be mixed ; for it will impoverishany
is evident that Florida hasa
I ; second when one-third grown. If applied very get that money. We are not going to tree on any other stock near it,

much later the mixture will show mortgage on every one that has been _abandon__ the. orange business hut we., all being fertilized alike. If the soil
nnn -- --------- ?
here but sometimes she is slow in f
: I on the fruit when ripe. A quart of it. will have some oranges, some peaches, for a grove varies as to moistureandthis

:, common molasses added to the mixture foreclosing some grapes and figs, and cows and is often the case-the trees on
The sin
',1 makes it stick much better. shiftlessness.besetting many people calves and chickens. Old Mandarinis rough lemon will give better satisfaction -
: The last suggestion I would makeis down their They trees in not cut all right. If any one here does not than any other, on the drier por

apply potash freely to the pear or- i when they could orange have been early cut spring make a good living here, and lay up a tion, but of course will be more' pro-

J chard. It will show no appreciable easy, little for old age, it is his faultnotthe ductive where there is sufficient moist-
but wait until the
:J effect on the growth of the trees but must bark began to fault of the place. Then, too, "a

I it does improve the quality of the peel soned off live and they were as hard as sea- man may be very stout and not know ure.Dr.. Sadler mentions the sweet .orange -
do without
fruit wonderfully and almost entirely They the best holts." Within easy reach ofa stock, and while it has some
milk chickens
prevents rotting at the core. of the, cream time because, they and eggs too most thriving city, it certainly should not good qualities, it is subject to foot-
H. M. STRINGFFLLOW. lazyto be difficult for an industrious, careful! rot, and that is a serious objection.In .
take of either
care cows or fowls.A .
\ Galveston, Texas. man to "make both ends meet." setting out about 200 acres in
1 ... i friend some time ago remindedme
M. CHESEBRO. have had the best
groves we successin
I'' The Situation in Mandarin. of something I had written about
Plummers North Mandarin Fla. the fall and winter
( ), though some
i Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower. eighteen years since, which was pub- .
>- -
t I. You ask me if any of the residents lished in a Jacksonville paper. A man Best Varieties for Small Groves. prefer the summer rainy season.A. .
of Mandarin have moved L DUNCAN, M'g'r,
away permanently in Orange county contended that that
Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower ; Milwaukee Groves and Nurseries.
i'' on account of the freeze. part of the country was below the
When "The Best Varieties
: Mrs. Wix, an English lady, who'has line of injurious frosts." I replied that to Plant or Bud on Ten Acres," Dunedin,,Fla. > i

: taught school here and whose husband "when the groves of Mandarin were please state the kinds that do best on Mr. A. Rinaldi has shown us red

f died here some years ago, has gone to kiled! there would be but few live rough] lemon and on sweet and po- clover two feet high grown in the

i England "for good," so we are told, trees this side of Okeechobee." This melo stock on pine land, and best sandiest soil to be found here in Or

I but as she did so once before none of friend had returned from a trip to In- time and greatly'oblige. lando.-Orlando Reporter.

us are alarmed. Mr. "Lemy" Nichol, dian River and Lake Worth. He said O. W. SADLER. .*.. .

an Englishman, I hear has moved to that their groves were as bad off as Piltsburg, Pa. Every cottage'I at Coronado (and

Georgia. He is a bachelor thoughand ours now. Editor Farmer and T'ruit-Grower: there are over thirty of them) is rented,

of course, don't amount to much. Let our successors understand that Herewith please find returned Dr. and there isno resort in Florida where

He bought a piece of land much of there is sure to come a spell of cold O. W. Sadler's letter of August 7th. there are so many (or such fine) cot-

which was too wet for orange trees and every sixty or one hundred'years, In reply would say that the varietiesof tages as are on this beach.-Titusville

set his trees'in the wettest part of it. or maybe in less time, which will kill citrus trees for a grove would de Advocate.

__._.__. .__. ._ n_ __ __ '." .. .. .. .w- n._..__ ..' .. -- --,;; ..---- "'----- .. _.- -- .. .. .. r -y... ..--.. .... J




. .
t '
J .
.' 1895:', .' ., ',_ THE FLORIDA, FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. ., : 533

I .' Grapes to Plant. pion, Clinton, Concord, Moore's Ear- the Boone's Early, and as I have had possible. About November i to 15,
I ly, Moore's Diamond, Maxatawny, some experience with it I desire to ay bank up around the trees for 'a foot or .
Grapes : While we can with con few words in it. ,. thus the bud
Pocklington, Concord, Muscat, Con- a regard to Although more, covering new to
siderable certainty say which are: the cord Chasselas, Delaware, Diana, comparatively a new orange, being protect it against< frost. About March
beast pears, peaches and plums for Duchess, Victor, Elvira, Empire State, only six or seven years old, still 15 the dirt should be carefully removed -
south Texas, from the Sabine to the Eumelan, Goethe, Green Mountain, enough has been seen of it to place it and the new bud started on its
southwest, we are in want of a few at the head of the list for most "
Hartford Prolific, Herbemont, Lenoir, early oran- vigorous growth.
: long keeping, good shipping and good Highland, Holmes, Iona, Isabella, ges. In '91 I bought fifty of these .......
; eating grapes. A great many experi- Ives, Jefferson, Lady Washington, Me- trees from Mr. Boone. Not having a DeSoto County Notes.
ments have been and are now being dora, Moyer, Niagara, Norton, Pearl, good place to put them I had to set Editor Farmer:.and Fruit-Grower: ,
made at different points, and it is very Perkins, Prentiss, Scuppernong, Tele- them among the trees of my old grove After a long dry spell through July
important that those who have had and in and to date, there has been a
graph, Triumph and Walter. .I have consequence they grew very up
considerable experience should giveit seen in fruit and eaten the Lindley slowly. Wishing to get fruit from good rain, and Peace River is rising
so as to save others from wasting them soon possible to what for the first time.
(light red), Salem (dark, red), and as as see
time and varieties that have
money on the I budded from these The vegetable have
Wilder (black), which are three of orange was, growers organ-
failed. This seems especially important Rogers' best hybrids, and with the trees into a few old bearing trees. ized and will plant two hundred acres
in view of a recent article in the"News" These buds in Octo- in this vicinity if the
Niagara (white) to head the list, I be- were put during express companywill
on grapes by Professor Mun- lieve ,to be the very best grapes for ber '92 and were dormant buds. They give them reduced rates. They
son, in which, misled I am sure by South Texas. They are all extra large came out nicely the following spring got it all last season. The growers
the chaotic state of information on and made vigorous growth that want as much as one-third.
berries and of the best quality. While a year,
this subject, he recommends varietiesfor and on the following those trees Should the not
many of the long list above did well, year express company
south Texas that experience has they all have some fault, early drop- bore almost as many oranges as the give them this reduction, what vege-
shown are of little or no value, and ping from the bunch being the most limbs could hold. tables are grown will be shipped down
leaves out those that have proved general one,, while others were feeble These oranges commence to color Peace River to Punta Gorda, and
: most successful. In his list of grapes growers, poor quality or small berry.I up in September and by the last of thence by steamer to New Orleans.
! for cultivation over the widest range gave them all a fair trial, and it will September they are eatable, sweet and Also the orange crop, which is heavier
he names Moore's Early Green Moun- be a waste of time and money to ex- not sour, as most of the early orangesare round Fort Ogden than in DeSoto,
tain, Delaware, Herbemont, Moore's periment further with them in this im- at this time. In October these county; The orange trees were not
Diamond and Norton, all of which ]1 mediate locality. The Niagara, both oranges are fully colored and ripe, damaged any more around Fort Ogden
have fruited at Hitchcock. The bal- here and in Florida, is the best of all being full of juice and solid, size than they were in Lee county.
ance of the list are his own seedlingsof the American white or golden grapes, about 176, having very few seeds. Many Lee county growers are seM-
which I have fruited the Brilliant and is being planted largely there Another good feature about this or- ing their groves for big prices and the
also, and saw last month most of the for the New YorK market. The far- ange is that it holds on the tree remarkably crop of oranges for $1.75 a box on
others in fruit on Mr. Onderdonk's ther south is i: grows the better it seems well, and is a good shipper.I the trees. Orange trees full of oran-
! grounds near Victoria. T also saw am not interested in with ges are more handsome than ever.
I to ,be, both in size and quality. It has any way
the Brilliant both there and at Bee- been bearing in Galveston county for Mr. Boone or his nursery, and I don't The phosphate railroad from Arca-

ville in Mr. Heldenfels' vineyard. five ,years, and is one of the best ship- know the gentleman personally, but I dia to Liverpool is nearly completed.It .
The.great difference in the behaviorof The trouble with all American think so much of the orange that I is not known outside of the company -
pers. great -
his seedlings in south'and north is that when ripened in hot have placed my order for ,five hundred whether they will carry freight and
Texas is another striking example of I, weather the berries will drop from the buds which I hope to get the passengers or not. They have two
the wonderful effect of a change of bunch in a few days. But for this, the coming year. JOHN S. ELDER. steamers that connect with the rail-
climate on varieties of fruits. cultivation of the would be the Yalaba, Fla, road at Liverpool and carry the phos-
For instance, the Parker Earl straw- most profitable of grape all fruits. Perhapsif phate in barges to Punta Gorda. Ev-
berry of Denison origin and unsur- enough were grown to ship in refrig- Budding and BarkGrafting.In ery one is wishing for them to continue -
passed there is entirely worthless here, erator cars by express or fast freight a letter to the "Courier-Journal," the road south to Boca Grande
and the Brilliant, which seems to be they might reach the North in good Mr. C. J. K. Jones, of DeLand, writes : and also north from Arcadia.
the cream of his seedlings in conduct order. As it is, our fruit matures sev- The eagerness to be doing some- The county commissioners have not
there, is such an entire failure that I eral weeks ahead of the interior, and thing toward hastening the rehabilitation made any appropriation for the Atlanta -
threw it out at Hitchcock, and Messrs. will always have the State markets. of the groves is leading many to Exposition. The people are not in
Onderdonk and Heldenfels said and In favor of anything that increases taxation -
they The Salem is successful at Rock- hoeing, budding, grafting.
... very
intended' to do likewise. The vine is: port and Beeville, and stands shippingwell. the case of the scion grafting in the : notwithstanding many- of them are
a weak wiry exceedingly subject of the cut almost to land poor.
grower, In the meansime some important crowns stumps,
to anthracnose and, while the : experiments are being made with the level of the ground, with new The Plant System is having a pam-
quality of the fruit is good, the French and California varieties in this wood brought from Arizona and Cali- phlet gotten up descriptive of their
bunches are entirely too compact for section, notably the vineyard of Mr. fornia there has been much success. lands. F. C. M. BOGGESS.
shipment and its time of ripening fully Delmont, of Arcadia. He is an old In a ten-acre grapefruit grove 60 percent Fort Ogden, Fla.
ten days behind Niagara. Mr. On- and experienced vineyardist, and his of the scions grafted are makingfine -.. .----
derdonk had about twenty varieties of five acres of experimental vines there growth. In another grove, out of Earth Saved Them.A .
Professor Munson's seedlings in his are a picture of health and vigor. 446 scions, only five missed forming a correspondent in Lake Como, ina
vineyard, most of them in fruit. The Though a Frenchman, he is so favor- union. In budding, the story is one personal letter writes:
only ones of any value were the Car- ably impressed with the Niagara that of almost complete failure. Two thou- I had some young trees that were
man, Herman Jaeger and Muench\ he intends to plant five acres next sea- sand nursery stocks, budded by an buried in the fall by a conical moundof
(black,) and the Perry (red) and very son. I also have several new varieties, expert, resulted in only 10 per cent. earth, and these came out in perfect
similar to the Herbemont. These both native and foreign, on trial at Arcadia taking. There is plenty of budding order and are doing well. But this
four kinds had much more to com- which will fruit next season.H. .- wood and stocks, but the condition of protection is not practicable for large
mend them in their healthy foliage M. Strinfellow in Galveston News. both is such that the buds will not trees, though if I had known just what
and vigorous growth than in the take. The question is asked, if buds was coming I think I could have saved
character of the fruit. The Carman do not take, why are scions successful? two or three feet of each old tree above
and Jaeger were nearly ripe, being a Boone's: Early Orange. The reason is that scions, which are the bud in this way.
little later than Herbemont, and fully Editor Fanner and Fruit Grower: from uninjured wood, normal in its W. G. MANCHESTER.

ten days or two weeks later than Niagara I have noticed in your paper that a sap, furnish the nutriment necessary. .......
while the Muench was just turn- good deal has been written about the Moreover, the scions used were from The crops of alfalfa that have been
ing. None of them were equal in different varieties of oranges, some fa, four to five inches long, carrying a grown on Mr. Flagler's lots in this city
flavor to the Niagara or Lindley, and voring this and others that orange; sufficient amount of nourishment to for several years past are creating no
while they will afford a variety for and I would like to see more of these make the healing process perfect, and end of talk throughout the State, and
home use they are entirely: too late for discussions from the growers as they keep vitality in the scion until the farmers in many sections are now
market. will be of great help to us in makingup stock could gain its normal conditionsand growing it with excellent results.' The
Before going further I will now givean selections while we are startingour functions. In the case of the grass here yields six crops a year and
accurate list of grapes I have fruited groves anew; and in budding we bud it is different, for the nutrimentmust makes good hay. Mr.\ Ingraham had
during the last twenty-nine years, hav- ought to use nothing but the best varieties be furnished by the stock, which, the field near the depot photographedwhile
ing planted quite a vineyard at the and try if possible to improveour in the case of these frozen trees, has the July crop was being harvested. -
start on Galveston Island in 1866 and former reputation of producingthe not regained its normal conditions. It makes a picture of which the
kept on planting in an experimentalway finest oranges in the world.I I The best that can be done is to put in I State might well be proud, (for a better

up to l last. year: Black Eagle, notice that very little has been dormant buds from September 20 to i growth of grass never was seen.-St.

3rghton! $nl ant, Catawba, Cham. said about one of our best oranges, October 15, budding as low down as Augustine News.


___ -0 .

Ii S



.. '


". THE :

: .

Grade Fertilizer Especially Adapted to .
A Complete High ;
:E.A.R L "Y" V'EGET: : .A.B: :ES .A.NI: > OR.A..NGE: : : T :T ii.: .

Ammonia, 44 to 5 4 per cent. 0 ", ..'.
Available Phosphoric Acid, 4 to 6 per cent. "
Potash (Actual) 6 to 8 per cent.
Equivalent to Sulphate of Potash, 11 to 13 per cent.

Made Exclusively from Cotton Seed Meal, Nitrate of Soda, Blood and Bone, Acid Phosphate and Sulphate of Potash.

We also have a large supply of the Celebrated H. J. Baker & Bro.'s Complete Vegetable and Orange Tree Manures. Also a Complete
Stock of all Agricultural Chemicals, Fine Ground Tobacco Stems, C. S. Meal, Blood and Bone,' Fine Ground Bone, Potash, Etc.

Us for Prices before Buying.
'II.tSON die 'rOOMEI: ,


Cultivation of I I difficult to peel. last winter cut down the plants. This
The following ,I The peeling should commence as year they waited until about the same
interesting soon as the buds come forth, and be date, hoping that the roots of their last
prove readers, from the persisted in faithfully until all are done, year's plants would throw up sprouts
the South is ; which should be in a month or six and thus make plants. When satisfied
weeks at farthest. The willows shouldbe that the old roots were dead, they
basket ( ):
In order to I placed in the sun as soon as possi-- put in mules and plows and furrowedthe
a deep, rich soil is ble after peeling. If it is a rainy day, land, running furrows four or five
ground should also spread them thin until the sun comes feet apart. In these they dropped their
out. One day's sun will generally be seed and covered it. The weeds had
but not too wet.
black lands are sufficient, if not packed in too large already taken the middles, which were
lands are'the best. quantities for some days after. 'Be not plowed,and when the young plants (I
made lands are sure they are dry before bulking," or made their appearance they were al-
deposited by they will lose their bright white color, ready overgrown,and were soon smoth-
streams or rivers. ) and will also lose greatly in value. ered with the dense growth of weeds.
natural home of Never let them get wet after peeling, Had they prepared the ground better
The land should or they will turn black, unless imme the lateness of the season would, no
as possible (say ) diately dried. After they are thor- doubt, have produced the same resultsas
the fall as the ([ ) oughly dried, tie them up in 76 to 100- followed last year's experiment. The
and also pound bundles for shipment or haulingto time and money put into this year's ex-
freezing ; market. The profit depends upon periment were thrown'away.In .
commence as soon how cheaply you pet the work done, this connection was an object
of the ground and and upon the demands of the market. lesson which should have pointed out
still very soft. Good land ought to produce about to this man his error, and which points
be ready 5,000 pounds of marketable willowsper every observing man the way to suc-
cut about ten ; acre. They ought to be put on cess. Last fall cuttings of heads were
bundles with the the market at a cost of two cents, thrown on a large threshing floor at
T 60."
and either set in with good management, which wouldleave one corner of the field to dry, so that
ered with earth, a net profit of $100 per acre.-' ,the seed could be threshed from the
until needed. N. O. Times-Democrat. hulls. In this process thousands of
long cord, and 0'I ..... beans were,scattered on the ground.
plat, pushing the Castor Bean Culture. Here they lay all winter, passing )
ground alongside ; Among other industries suggestedby through two of the most severe freezes '
way the row is the Reporter, which might be car. known in the history of Florida. In
After planting ried on advantageously in Orlando, is the early spring these germinated, and
three feet and the growing of castor beans and the when our friend was running out his
This can be done manufacture of the oil. The oil millis furrows and preparing to plant this
one person at understood to be not a very ex- year the young plants from these scat-
move the pegs pensive plant. The cost would be tered beans were two feet high. They
The rows will be within the reach of our business men. have continued to grow, uncared for
every point, In the light of two years experiencehere and unattended, and at this date are
enough to admit it might be claimed that the ,maturing seed, with full four months
It will be beans cannot be successfully grown before them in which to mature seed
,slips into the here. It is true, Western men of experience before there is the least danger of
leather pad for in the manufacture of the oil frost.The
should be used I attempted for two years to grow castor lesson is that the seed of the
large enough to beans ,near here and made a failure of castor bean can be safely planted in
ground without the undertaking; but this failure was this region in December, and be ready !
The slips should predicted by every intelligent old resident to germinate with the first warm
inches apart in who took enough interest in the weather of spring, with a certainty ofa
planting would matter to inform himself of the time harvest of four months' duration even
easier cultivated and manner of planting.Last in the most adverse seasons, and a
apart, and will year the planting was deferred probability of living through three
few years. : until late in May. The plants came winters out or four with a harvest pe-
As soon as on finely, made a rapid growth, and riod of nine months' duration the fol-
starting, and the gentlemen gathered two cuttingsof lowing summer. With such an advantage j
enough, beans or heads before the frost of over other sections growing


___- .' __<

,.. '




castor beans, and with a mill owned mated with hens. For this forty Leg- POPULAR POULTRY FARM
and operated by the men who, culti-- horn hens were' put in three pens,

vate the land and grow the seed, absolute seven by eight feet, with a run six by APOPKA r FLORIDA.
independence of any trust or sixteen. The males of the same vari-

combine is secured, and the profits ety were purchased and placed in the
would remain in the hands of the pens February i8th, 1894. These ; THOROUGI-IBRED ;

grower and manufacturer.FloridaCitizen. were the first males that had been on INDIAN GAMES.Good .

the farm, so they were sure no eggs General Purpose Fowl. Best-Table Fowl known.
were previously fertilized. The following -
shows the result, beginningwith BLACK MINORCAS. /

_Poultry._ the day of mating, and with Greatest layer of large, White Egg
--Vm-----B A-- A------------A- --fl*-----*B--------
Edited by 8. S. DeLANOY Apopka, Fla. forty hens : BLACK LANGSHANS.General .
Date, Total Fertile Non-f rti1e Per cent of
Fowl, Best Asiatic for Florida
Feb. fertile purpose
94. eggs eggs. eggs. eggs.
Is It Roup. 18 21 0 21 0
DEAR SIR : Being a subscriber to 20 24 12 12 50
THE FLORIDA FARMER FRUIT 21 20 12 8 60 A few Cockerels at $t 50 and$2 oo. Will cost more next month. Buy now and save 50 per
AND 22 20 15 5 75 cents. Fowls shipped at single express rates. One half the usual cost.
GROWER, and noting you representthe 23 24 19 5 79
poultry department con- 25 17 15 2 89
sider it a favor if you tell me what to 26 19 18 i .95 s. s DeCAl OY PJ o]?.
The next paint to be determinedwas
do to save some light brahma and
white leghorn fowls I have left which how the eggs would prove fertile Having other property will sell my Orange and Poultry Farm located on Lake Apopka. 18
after the males were removed. Males Acres, 12 in Grove. Good building, stock, implements etc. Bargain price. Terms. easy; or will
seem to get sick and die. The rightor exchange for well located property. Write.
were removed July 1st, 1894, and the
left eye seems to have a film or
saved and set for fifteen days.
covering over it, and somewhat wateryfor These are the results obtained in the to be the upper end when the frame is The Toothsome Goober.
two days, then it closes up and in of before on its back; that is when the screen is (George Graham read a paper before
same sort pens as beginningwith
two days more the other one follows the the males removed next to the floor. Then the sheet ironis the Waco (Texas) Horticultural Soci-
day were :
suit, and presto! death. Now can tacked on the surface oppositethe of which the is
Date. Total Fertile Non-fertile Per cent OJ upper ety following a para-
you help me any. If so, write at July'94. eggs. eggs. eggs. fertile eggs. one on which the screen is tacked. graph : But here we must name
once, and oblige, 2 I 13 9 8 6 5 3 62 67 The long edge of the sheet iron shouldbe another of our crops lest we slip it by,
Yours respectfully, 3 9 2 82 flush with the upper edge of the stripso viz : the peanut. The goober The
4 10 10 0 100
G. O. W. 5 12 10 2 83 that it will project a quarter of an toothsome, wholesome goober The
6 9 7 2 78 inch toward the inner side of the frame. ideal piece of
As the writer of the above article 7 9 9 0 100 pocket our schoolboysand
inclosed stamped envelope, I lave 8 9 13 II 12 9 2 i 92 82 Now set your frame up against a girls The charm of cosy "ingle-
answered by mail. But believing the 10 12 9 3 75 wall ; then take a shingle about two sides," where in the ruddy light meets
subject is one that would be of interestto 12 II 9 9 3 6 6 3 33 67 inches wide, cut off the thin end, leaving -i the family circle .in social confab when

the readers at large, I have insertedit 13 S 9 3 6 12Accord6 a piece eight inches long. Nail the day's toil is done Raw, boiled,
with the hopes that it will draw out 14( I 2 '7 the thickest end to the middle of the baked or roasted, the goober is a
( the experience of those who have had ing to this experimen22 the upper edge of the frame above the grand food, and not only so, but the
similar diseases and succeeded in fertility of the,eggs was apparently not sheet iron. This piece will form an parched kernels,.ground as coffee and
stamping them out. materially affected until the twelfth arm reaching eight inches from the infused in boiling water a minute or

It seems to be a little different from day after removing roosters. On the wall, on which hang a weight, say a two, then with the addition of a little
the usual swelled head or eye, as he twelfth day there was a marked decrease quarter of a brick. Now drive a nail cream, afford a beverage healthful,
mentioned no swelling whatever. If in the fertility of the eggs. Un- with a huge head above the centre in nourishing, which, had the prophet of

I was treating G. O. W's birds, I fortunately the eggs were only saved the coop. Hook the sheet iron strip Arabia known he would not doubtless
would start with a good dose of salts for fifteen days, and hence it is not behind the head of that nail which have imbibed of the cup which does

in drinking water until it had the desired shown how long hens must be removed should be high enoughabove the hole inebriate, the famous mocha of the
effect. Apply some eye lotion, from the male before all eggs become that the lowest edge of the frame after Orient.
a solution of nitrate of silver or sulphate infertile. It would be interesting to being hung on the nail comes about .
of zinc, or even a drop of the know how long any would prove fer one sixteenth of an inch above the The South Florida Foundry and
standby kerosene in the tile. It is evident, however, that it is- the bottom edge of the hole, which is Machine Works of this place will fur-
poultryman's ,
eye, the object being to destroy or not safe to sell eggs from hens that now completely covered with the nish a large quantity of the castingsfor
check the formation of film. As a have been unmated within two weeksof screen. Now take a shingle eight or the bridges to be built on the extension -

tonic I would give Douglas Mixtureor such time. Eggs, however, may be ten inches wide and stick the point of of the Florida East Coast Line.

some good condition powder in the sold as fertile within a week of mating.On it under the screen from the inside, Orlando Sentinel.
drink feed and of'course the fourth day seventy-five percent letting it rest on the lower edge of the
or separatethe Ora' sick from the flock. If after a few were fertile. hole. The chickens see the light
days treatment they showed no improv- through the screen. In trying to get FERTILIZE

ment and continued to get worse, I Poultry is Negleoted. out they hop upon the shingle and the ECONOMICALLY
would apply the axe and plant them Last summer I called at the houseof weight of the chicken lifts the screen PROFITABLY AND EFFECTIVELY
deep. Have seen what I supposed a l lady about one hour before noon, off the nail head, the piece of brick it BY THE USE OF

was a hopeless case of swelled eye and heard her say: "Oh, my! I for- pulls it over, and it falls to the ground.A NITRATE OF SODA 5f

cured, by applying direct in eye andto got to let my chickens out." She had dog, in putting his nose under the 1 Y Nearly all fertilizers are ineffective because f
head, a mixture of carbolated lard, several dozen hens and chicks in a screen, may lift it from the nail, thoughI Ria.they":)contain and this too little little In an NITROGEN insoluble("ammo-form.
kerosene and oil of pennyroyal two or coop about twelve feet square, and this have never had that happen. Yet, the Add result a little will NITRATE be astonishlnpr.OF SODA to these and

three times a day. was at a season when fowls leave their I to avoid anything like this, a door A PAMPHLET FREE andwhen
o'clock in the I might be put on hinges with a latchor to use nitrate,and how to buy and use fer-
The following query and answer re. roost at 4 morning. tilizers most economically. AddressS.
: cently printed in the "American Fan- don't doubt that there are others guiltyof catch on the inside, which can be .M.Harris,Moreton Farm(P,0.),New York.

cier" may throw some light on friend the same treatment to our beloved so arranged that the chickens, in hop- e sc eee e

W's difficulty. H. S. Babcock is one poultry. ping upon the shingle, will unfastenthe
of the best posted fanciers in America. Now I will give you a plan that I latch and the door will fall open- FLORIDA REAL ESTATEWanted

I S. S. D. have been making use, of for several Poultrydom.
.4 years. It is a door the chickens will --. ..-
in Exchange for Uneucura-
Fertility of Eggs. open themselves. The plan is as follows It is not generally known, but is a beredMA33ABNU3ETTg

How long should the. male be .with : Cut a hole in the side of the fact nevertheless, that navy beans, or

the hens before the eggs are fertile, coop several inches above the floor, as some call them, Yankee beans, EDTTABE LOTS
and how long after the male has been the hole to be about ten inches wide grow and yield well here. Few cropsare
removed from the hens will the eggs and twelve inches high. Now make a more staple, or are in greater demand at $100 Each.

be fertile ? Mr. M. C. E. Spiers, who frame of strips about ixi inch; lay this While the orange trees are -
edits the poultry department of the flat on the floor and tack a wire screen coming on let those who have suitable
journal published by the agricultural securely over i it, using quarter mesh; land plant a few beansenough for homeuse Near Station and Bathing Beach

students at the Ohio State University, now turn the frame over on its back at any rate, to swell the food sup
made a test of a number of eggs to and tack a piece of sheet iron i U ply and save money at home that is
to discover how long they would re- inches wide and two or three inches now being sent away for such things. CHAPIN FARM AGENCY,

main fertile after the male birds were long; tack this on the strip intended Orlando Reporter. 3-23-tf St. Augustine, Fla.


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know, and Aunt preaches economy, '
State News.There Our Rural Home. but she never wears the woebegonelook SCOTT'S .

of 'Mrs. Wilson and Mrs. Talbot,

nor talks of'ruin,' and all that. Indeed
are certain newspapers in Edited by MINNIE GILMORE MILLS don't think Aunt considers it CARBO-DIGESTIVE.

Ocala,' which, in trying to establishthe St. Thomas Fla. much; do you ?" ,

fact that Ocala is in the line of I "Considers it much !1" I repeated to

progressive towns, lead outsiders to Uncrowned.Altho' myself. When I had all winter and COMPOUND. I

believe that it is just recovering,froma spring been repenting of bringing the .
severe business depression, when as the fields are fresh and green, two girls into this out-of the-way place;
a matter of fact there has been no Altho' the rose and lily lend that is when found losses Positively the one Remedy for the treat-
we our
Their grace and color to the scene, ment of
depression at all. Business men say And cloud and sunshine softly blend, so heavy that they could not have the
that no time in the last three years'has There is a want ne'er felt before, "good times" they had promised them-
business been better than it has this To make the summer day complete; selves. And perhaps, too, I had mis- NERVOUS EXHAUSTION,
Times. Our has lost the.crown she wore,
year.-Marion queen
She wears the royal garb no more- led them, to some extent, unintentionally Simple and Aggravated forms of
There will be many a grove found in We bow not down to kiss her feet. when I offered to keep them in
Volusia county next year which will: funds-at least, to find whatever was Dyspepsia and Palpitation of the Heart
For where she treads 'tis simply earth, them while their father
have oranges on the trees. The pros- Paradise necessary for .
No more we count it ,
that the of in this should be absent on a business trip.
are 1897
pects crop No more we laugh in childlike mirth, Does your food sour after eating ? Are
county will be a fair one. Those old To see her smile at glad sun rise; The girls were not much expense, and you easily confused and excited ? Do
trees which started new shoots from And when behind the forest dim, certainly a great comfort to me in my you get up in the morning tired and un-
the trunks in the early spring are mak-- The sun sinks in the gulf's deep blue rather lonely life. Until Annie was refreshed, and with a bad taste in the
We silent watch the pale moon's rim, invited to take an outing with some mouth ?
ing most growth, sending.
And list the pine trees' plaintive hymn,
Is there dull sensation at-
out growth that is now from eight to : riends, their wardrobe had cost a cloudy ,
a 'Tis all so changed for me, for you ay tended by disagreeable feelings in the
ten feet long, while the younger trees but little thought, as they were well head and ?

are sending out a new growth, and will Yet Her still hands she's are queen filled, her with smile's fruits serene and, supplied when they came. But the Are you eres irritable and restless ?

be in position to put on immense fiow'rs subject under discussion, and the Does your heart thump and cause you
growths another year. If you cannot For subjects who have loyal been warmth with which it was discussed, to gasp for breath after climbing a flightof

bud now put in dormant buds in October Thro' all the dark refractory hours ; showed me that, according to their stairs?
Does it distress to lie the loft
and they will all get an even Though all uncrowned, we love her yet, ideas, dress-or rather, the want of side? vou on

start in the spri 1g.-DeLand Record.Mr. she'll And wear joy will her one precious day be coronet complete, ; it-was the only drawback to their Have.you impaired memory, dimnessof
pleasure ; if not' the only one, it was, vision,'depression of mind and gloomy
Conolly, of the Lemon City With gold and pearls and emeralds set;
just at preasant a great obstacle to forebodings ?
Then her caprices we'll forget,
hotel, is gathering fine potatoes And all will bow to kiss her feet. their enjoyment. Their father had These symptoms mean that you are
from his prairie garden. They meas. MINNIE GILMORE MILLS.\ not thought it necessary to send the Exhaustion.suffering from Dyspepsia and Nervous
ure four to five inches long and were August, 1895. .
girls a very liberal amount of spending There is no other remedy extant that
in He has cucumber
planted May. money, but, as he knew of our losses- has done so much for this class. of trou-
vines just coming into bearing, while. That Old Trunk. first the entire orange crop, then the bles asSCOTT'S
'. in the market are sweet potatoes, cabbage ;
trees themselves-he hacL,,sent, within '
melons all raised it the mother of thrift." .
pumpkins, on Economy CARBO-DICESTOT'
the past few weeks, to each ten dol-
the Who can't have
Bay. says we ,'It's just impossible ; Amy, I'll haveto lars, simply for pin money. They had
without shade ? CO IIIOVND
summer gardens give it up." I heard Annie's voicein but to write to the firm to which he .. .
With these added to the
vegetables the next room utter these words ina belonged and their order would be at
and that If case has resisted the usual
tomatoes eggplants : we are your
tone of lamentation it would be useless once honored; but Uncle Tom andI methods of treatment we are particularly
able have in and abun-
to our gardens
dance of fruits all to attempt to describe. Then I urged the girls to dispense with anxious to have yon give this compounda
our tropical throughthe knew how she had really set; her hearton their usual spring outlay, as trial.
summer months, we need not envy We guarantee relief in case and
this summer outing, and what a their father's large orange grove, of every
our friends at the' Norlh.--Tropical disappointment staying at :home wouldbe ,which their uncle had had charge, had will cheerfully refund your money shouldour
Sun. remedy fail to produce the most grat-
when the two girls (with whom gone the way of the rest in the'dreadful ifyingresults..
The prospects for the more rapid recovery she had become intimate since coming { blizzard that had visited us; so that Please remember that the appellation

of many of the old orange trees to Florida last fall) were to be of the he was fully $50,000 worse off than. Patent Medicine\ does not apply to

of this section are decidedly more en- party. I suspended my pen in mid when the girls came to us. As yet, Scott's Carbo-Digestive Compound.It .
couraging than they have hitherto air, waiting for Amy's reply, and I we were not sure whether our losses
shown. Especially can we say that heard it. Surely it is true that "eaves would ever be retrieved, and Mr. Mor- is a prescription put up by a leading
not near so'many of the heretofore droppers hear no good of themselves." ton, their father, knew still less. It physician who has made stomach and

bearing trees will have to grow from Well, I declare it's a shame!-give has been difficult for those outside the nervous We court troubles investigation a specialty and for years.earnestlyurge

the roots before bearing again, as was up a trip like that? May be the only ; State, those who know of the disaster physicians to, write us for the .
expected. The fact that the boring chance_ you'll ever have to see such from hearsay only, to form a. true idea formula of SCOTT'S CAH. O.DIGES-
beetle, bug or worm, whatever you sights, Annie. If papa comes back in of the real state of affairs. TIVE COMPOUND, which we will mailon
may call it, has not done the damagethat the fall from Europe, you know he'll To our suggestions Annie and Amy application, that they may satisfy
themselves of its harmless character and
was expected; then the continued come after us, or send for us ; and we readily agreed. But the outingpartyhad excellent virtues.
rains have been exceedingly favorableto thought we'd have such good times now scattered their economical

the new orange growth, and a rapid down here, didn't we ? Well, I wish resolutions ; for how could a girl of Scott's Carbo-Digestive CompoundIs

headway is being made on that line. he'd come, if we've got to be poked seventeen go with the gay crowd with the most remarkable remedy that

Finally, we say our orange-grove people away off here in the pine woods, with- but two frocks, and one hat ? Never! science has produced. It has succeeded
are showing a decidedly improved out a mortal to speak to in a month- they both said; yet Uncle Tom could where all other remedies have failed.

look.-Plant City Courier.We nowhere to go, and nothing to wear I not be expected just now to help them; Sold by druggists everywhere. $1.00
have received a letter from Fort if we did go. Now, if Aunt Em would and the party would leave in five per bottle. Sent to any address in
America of
Ogden announcing the formation of a just consider-but she won't. She days. I too, was anxious my niece Don't forget on receipt that we price.cheerfully refund

vegetable growers' association there, forgets she was young once and had should go. The lady, a friend of mine, your money if results are not satisfactory. -
and giving the acreage they are willingto fine clothes, and plenty of 'em, too. would be a very discreet chaperone, Order direct if your druggist does
grow, if given living rates. The If I knew where to write I'd send to and my girl had seen but little of the not have it.Address .

total is 207 acres, and they heartily papa-but, pshaw you couldr't get world, as yet. I meditated sadly. all orders to

endorse the action being taken by the the money in time, could you ?" "What do you suppose Aunt Em CONCORD CHEMICAL MFG. CO.
"Pebble" in endeavoring to effect an The younger sister paused, out of keeps in that old trunk ? Amy suddenly ,

arrangement with the railroad, whichif breath, and Annie had a chance to get asked. TOPEKA, KAS. .

accomplished, will be beneficial to in a wqrd. "Goodness knows Things she had -- -

both grower and carrier. Let us go "Don't he absurd, Amy; I'm not before the flood, no doubt," snappedthe 500 BOOKS, ETC., FREE.Send .
and do likewise, brethren. We have so miserable as you might suppose younger sister.
the acreage of Bartow, and Homeland, As for Aunt Em," the dear child wenton "Now Annie, you know all the old tiful souvenir ten cents of the and Cotton get by States return and mail International a beau--

also Fort Ogden, now let us have our "you've no idea the burdens she's fashions are in again--.they all say so Exposition, postage prepaid, and your
name and address printed In the Atlanta
home acreage, and our neighbors will bearing right now, though you might ---thank my stars, I dont rememberthe al of Commerce's special Mail Order Directory"that Jouru.
line outlandish but be all will go to exhibitors and hundreds of mail
in that
fall styles they'll
soon so we can ap- see. order firms who will send you sample books,
proach the Plant System in a businesslike Burdens? Oh, yes, I know right if they're the fashion of course, papers, etc, FREK.

manner,-Fort Meade Pebble, Uncle Tom lost his orange groves., I even if Mrs. Noah wore them, I JOURNAL COMMENCE Atlanta, Ga,


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,'" 1895., THE FLORIDA ,FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. ..637.... .

-- -

haven't a bit of doubt some of those Grape Juice and "Kato. the shells with a little of the white of the Not _Mint, But Tansy. .

things could be made over into a cos- In answer to questions in to egg with strong soap suds and shake For Our Rural Home.
in clear and if
Rinse water
tume for yon, that 'the people down how pure grape juice is prepared and possible thoroughly.,dry the inside with a linen, cloth., I quote from your issue of August

here in the woods would just simplyrave what is "Kato," Mr. Ryckman of Fine shot mixed with the shells and 10: "To keep ants from the sugar

over---think 'twas sent expresslyfor Brocton gave the following informa- water will sometimes be necessary in pail, draw a circular chalk line around

your trip to the Springs from Paris, tion: order to reach every spot. on the inside I it a few inches.wide. Keep them from

by our good, devoted papa" "Take sound grapes, pick them of the bottle. is useful I a table by chalking the legs. It is said
pulp an exceedinglv ar-
"Oh,hush! Amy, don't mention it to over and put them through a stem- ticle.Paper Mixed with glue and plaster of that the feet of ants are ,hollow, and

Aunt Em." But I heard no more, mer and ,into the crusher. Put, the paris or Portland cement, it is the best the dust of the chalk fills them so they

for cautiously tiptoeing, I mounted the juice into a granite ware pan in a thing to stop cracks and breaks in wood. cannot travel. A line of tar is saidtobe

stairs and soon lifted the lid of the caldron kettle and heat to 80 degrees; Pulp paper and plaster alone should be' a remedy, too. I have also heardof
big "Saratoga." kept within the reach of every house laying a sprig of something I thinkit
filter while still warm and fill the bot- keeper. The pulp must be kept in a ,

[To be continued.] tles; put the bottles in a frame and close-stoppered bottle, in order,that the was mint, on a shelf to drive away .
set the frame in cool water and bring moisture may not evaporate. When required ants. Perhaps some good friend can
.....:..- the water to boiling; seal the bottles: for use make it of the consistency say if mint is the correct thing."

Sewing Case. just as any canned fruit is sealed. of thin gruel with hot water, add plasterof It is not mint, but tansy that,is used '
paris to make it slightly pasty and use
in this section. I don't know that it
For Our Rural Home: This is strictly pure unfermented grape it at once. For leakage'around pipes, to
While from home at schoolor juice. It will not keep after being stop the overflow of water in stationary, grows in Florida.
away washstands where the bowl and the Louis F. DRAKE.
exposed to the air because it will then up-
traveling, our sons and brothers ferment." per slab join, it is invaluable. Corning, N. Y.
often need a few stitches taken or a ....
button replaced but the inconvenience "Kato, continued Mr.: Ryckman,
Recipes. I EBHBH IEE. Chester White
of hunting for needle and threadis "is a non intoxicant. It is made of' & B Jer ey.1W1a"Poland China
greater than the task of repairingthe six year old grape juice and is so pre- Violet Water-Get a quantity of fr sh.i' ''PIGS. Cattle.Jersey,' Guernsey'IThoro bred Holstein -
picked sweet violets take them to a drug- Sheep FancPonltri. hunting
and often it is left pared as to be a non intoxicant, tem- and Ifoase Doge; \J&talO11l8.
undone -
beverage. Being effervescent, gist and get them weighed, put them 8. W. SMITHTcochranvllleATLANTA Chester.Uo.,/Pa.
indefinitely.This perance I into a large bottle and get him,to give you
little case is intended for such it must of course be kept bottled.It the same weight in alcohol as you havein I WOMAN'S COLLEGE
emergencies, and is so convenient and can be sold much cheaper than violets. Put it over the violets and'I I ,

takes such a small that it pure' grape juice. No alcohol is used cork tightly. Shake every day for ten ATLANTA, GEORGIA., ,
space in preparing "Kato." It ,will bear days, and then add just as much water I 1>. W. OWIN, !LL. D? l Co-Presidents.
not fail to please. as you would alcohol. The next strain 'W. B. SEALS, A. M., S
The case is four inches wide by ten analyzing.-The Grape Belt and bottle for use. Assisted by a full corps of able instructors in all

inches long, with one end slightly Rice Pudding-There is but one sort of, departments. The scientific accommodations method of for instruction board--
pointed The Earache. rice'pudding that can be made perfectly, ing pupils.pursued.Session Ample begins Sept. 4th. Address
and if these directions are followed you above, or NAT T. SEALS.Business Mgr.NURS'ERY. .
Any firm, dark material may be used Many of the current cures for ear- '
will delicious
have a creamy, pudding asa
for the outside. Golden brown is a ache advise the dropping of various result: Put one quart of milk into a

good ,color. Line with tan-color cash- substances into the ear. One of the pudding pan, add about a quarter tea-. STOCK.Live

mere, and put crinoline or buckram best specialists of the day pronounces, spoonful of grated nutmeg, quarter of a

between for stiffening.Roll this "usually an unadvisable procedure cupful of layer raisins, unstoned, two' ,handle .
of Do heap
inches and in the of such tablespoonfuls sugar. not ,
three of the length to place reme- '
the spoons. Stir until the sugar is dissolved -
form a,cylinder and fasten in place. dies prefers the application of warmthto and then stand the pan in a mod- 300,000
Cut a circular piece of pasteboard the the region of the ear, either by dry erate oven. As soon as the milk is hot;

size of the cylinder, cover with brown heat in the form of heated flannel, and a little scum forms over the top, stir first-class Orange and .Lemon -
it down and stir the rice from the bottom
material and sew into one end of it. cotton wool, bags of hops, bran or Trees. .
of the pan. Do this as fast as a crust
Make a pincushion one and one-fourth meal, or by cloths wrung out of hot forms. The crust should be papery and

inches long, just large enough to slip I water, steam or poultices of flaxseed, light color. When the milk begins to, Address at once
into the other end. or roasted onions. thicken and the rice seems to come to the ,

Sew the ends of a four inch piece Cotton should not habitually be surface, stop stirring and allow a thin,
brown crust to form. Stand away in a BOSTON & SOUTH RIVERSIDE FRUIT CO.
of gold colored silk elastic .to the wormwedged into the ear for the rea- ,
cool place to quickly chill. Now, if,this
point of the case. Work the owner's son that the air passage is thus closed is too thick,,you have cooked it too slowly BOX 2522,
initials inside the point with gold col- causing the secretions of the ear to flow and too long. If it is thin and milky,

ored Roman floss. Finish the edgesof more slowly or very little, and ,thus you have not cooked it long enough. BOSTON MASS.CALIFORNIlBUnWOOD.
the case with gold color Asiatic causing an unnatural and disagreeableand Chile Con Carne.-Boil one teacup of
Chile beans with a small piece of fresh
couching cord couched on with Asi- perhaps injurious dryness. As, beef;' one good sized onion cut up. Let
atic filo. Sew the cord around the however, many cases of acute aural I all cook together until well done, then in ; %

end of the cushion instead of the open trouble have resulted from bathing, I a small separate vessel boil two Chile peppers .

end of the roll. Cut a piece of tan and especially from diving and plung-- I mash well and run through a serve'
. colored cashmere three inches wide ing into salt water, it is a wise .pre- I I so as keep seed and skin out, then put in IN ANY QUANTITY.
frying two tablespoonfuls of lard;
by four inches long. Button hole caution to plug the ears with cotton at a when boiling pan hot add one tablespoonfulof

stitch the edges with Asiatic' twisted such times. flour; let it brown well, then pour in
embroidery silk, fold the ends together the strained pepper, and if it seems too: CLEAN, THRIFTY BUDS.

and tack the fold to lining of case Household Hints. thick, why add a little hot water; cut
meat as for hash, put it in, let all
close to the roll. Delicate colored silks should never be your up
stew together for awhile, add your beans,
Sew two straps of the silk elastic laid away in white paper, as the chlorideof and Chile is ORANGE.MAJORCA .
lime used in bleaching the paper often salt to your taste, your com-
three and one-half inches and Ranche.
long length- draws out the color. plete.-Farm ,
wise of the case, commencing at the Boiled milk, with a little salt added to MEDITERRANEAN SWEETS.WASHINGTON .

edge of the needle leaves. The straps make it palatable, is one of ihe most $100 Reward, $100. NAVEL.ST. .
should be three-fourths of an inch healthful drinks. It soothes an irritated MICHAEL,
from the of the and stomach, nourishes the flesh tissues and The readers of this paper will be MALTA BLOOD,
case, tends to make the complexion clear. pleased to know that there is at least one ,RUBY BLOOD.,
tacked at the ends and about four Austrian coffee which is sometimes dreaded disease that science has been TANGERINE.

places between. In one place put a served at teas and receptions, is cold, able to cure in all its stages, and that is -
small pair of scissors and fill the strong coffee creamed sweetened. It Catarrh. Hall's Catarrh Cure is the only

others with skeins of cotton and silk is served in small glasses, with a tablespoonful positive cure now known to the medical LEMON.
thread. of rich ice cream added to each fraternity. Catarrh being a constitutional -
glass after the cofleo is poured.If disease, requires a constitutional treat- EUREKA
Put self-threading needles in one women realized that straining the ment. Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken internally LISBON

of the leaves and safety pins in the eyes produces wrinkles, more would ex- acting directly upon the blood VILLA FRANCA.
other. ercise a proper care of these members. and mucous surfaces of the system, .

Stick the cushion full of pins, fill Reading by a dim or falling light, coming thereby destroying the foundation of the
the between with buttons not suddenly from a dark room to a light one, : disease, and giving the patient strengthby ,IPRIO $t3 P I31 1,000..
space ( the constitution and assisting -
or vice versa, overworking the eyes in building up
forgetting a few safety pants buttons any way, and last, but by no means nature in doing its work. The CASH WITH ORDER.
that pin on like safety pins) and a least, wearing dotted and crossbarredveils proprietors have so much faith in its -
thimble. ; these and taxing the eyesight are I curative powers that they offer One Hundred

Roll up the case, slip the elastic of assistancp in the wrinkle-making pro Dollars for any case that it fails to ARTHUR S. AUCHINCLOSS,
cure. Send for list of testimonials. Ad. Box 355,
over it, and it is ready to be tucked cess.Powdered dress .
egg shells are recommendedfor REDLANDS.: ,
into a corner of the trunk or travel pjeaning water bottles and removing F. J. CHENEY & CO., ,Toledo, 0 Reference.

ing bag R. E MERRY IAN, tll@ Hm 19 t1mt gathere on the inside, AU* -Sold by Druggists, 75o First National Bank, >RecUand





Florida Farmer and Fruit Gainesville have sold this summer 21174 ,- of these well-ripened fruits, thoughless South are very great. Here and therea
Grower,. fruit jars. The housewife ordina- in quantity, proved to be scarcely more than ordinarily painstaking

rily buys about five per cent of ne.w inferior to the apple cider of New farmer may succeed, especially on I
One YearTI;'.>Ja.ooFor jars each year, but this year we will York. hammock or heavy flatwoods soil, but I
Six .. x.oo place the figure at ten per cent. This Boiled down without the addition of where there is one success there will ''I
In Foreign Subscriptions Countries in all cases cash 3.00 in would give a total product of home sugar, this cider yields a treacle which be a hundred failures. 1!

advance. No discount allowed on one's canned fruit of about 440,000 jars, or resembles honey more than molasses. Alfalfa is a perennial, and therefore I II
own subscription(except in club), but to say 500,000 quarts.An With the addition of sugar, it (ferments I greatly to be desired in this land of
all agents a liberal cash commission will astonishing number of citrus into a hard cider or wine which prom- flashy annuals, but its seeds are even

he allowed them. Write on subscriptions:for terms. obtainedby nursery trees have been discoveredand ises to keep well and be by no means smaller than those of the clover, and

To every new subscriber we will send, are on sale or will be this fall. a poor beverage. Ground into fine the young plants more difficult to pro-
postpaid, a copy of Whitner's "Gardening Orders for strawberry plants at one pomace and boiled down with sugar, tect from the elements. But the cloveris I
in Florida." For two new sub- point are coming in in blocks rangingfrom the LeConte gives a butter which is only an annual, and is therefore no
scribers, at $2.00 each, we will send,
to 60,000. delicious. superior to that it en-
of Moore's "Orange 1,000; up way rye, except
Culture.postpaid", a copy Florida.is going to pick her flints The housewife of taste very seldom riches the soil, while rye, unless a liberal -

Rates of advertising on application. and try another shot. If 'the trans- finds herself able to cook the LeConte portion of it is plowed under, depletes -
Remittances should be made by check, portation companies will I! give the acceptably without the addition of it. More than that, clover roots
postal note. money order or registered growers a fighting chance they will do sugar: But these thoroughly ripe fruits, breed the root-knot insect which is so
to order of good work this year. especially those from trees well treated deleterious to, peach and other fruit
Jacksonville Fla. t 4 with mineral fertilizers, will pass with- tree roots. Rye yields far more forage -
The Pear Glut. out sugar. An ideal supper for these than clover, even more than alfalfa -
CONTENTS.Stick The: State of Florida has never be- hot is bowlful of cold ,
August days a in its first year. And there is no

to the Orange; The LeConte Pear.. .... 531 fore witnessed such an outpouring of Jersey milk and baked pears. Fried comparison between rye and the cloverin
this has We
The Situation in Mandarin; Best Varietiesfor pears as season brought. pears, pear pie, pear teacake and pear respect to the difficulty of getting a
Small Grove.. ,......... ....... .... 532 doubt if even in the palmy days of the dumplings are all a success in the stand of each.
Grapes to Plant; Boone's Early Orange; Bud- orange industry the trees universally hands of the judicious housewife, and .
ding and Bark.Grafting; DeSoto County showed such bending and breaking take the. of
....... .. they place very acceptably
Notes Earth Saved Them. ..
; 533 loads of fruit; and certainly, when we summer apples in all these combina- Poor Fruit Brings Poor Prices.
Cultivation of the Ozier Willow

; Castor Bean
Culture .............. .......... ......... 534 consider the cost of fertilizer appliedto tions. The commission man is not alwaysat
POULTRY-Is .It Roup?; Fertility of Eggs; bring this result, the orange groves We have not lost one iota of confi- fault. A firm in this city receiveda
Poultry Is Neglected..................... 535 have never equalled the production of dence in the LeConte pear for Florida, consignment of fourteen barrels of
OUR RURAL HOME-Uncrowned; That Old the pear orchards this year by one- either for market for of LeConte
Trunk ....... ........ ...................... 536 third or.one-half tree for tree. Mostof or an adjunct pears from Welborn, and we
It has future be- them
Sewing Case; The Earache; Household Re- good living. a great saw opened. Most of the bar-
cipes; Not Mint But Tansy.......... ... 537 these pears were grown on applications fore it. rels lacked an inch or two of being
EDITORIAL--SituatIon Might Be Worse; The of fertilizer which were really >-.-< full. The pears were of all sizes,
Pear Glut; Curing Corn In Shocks; Crlm- insignificant, often none at all., We have Curing Corn in Shooks. many of them small, and all of themof
son Clover and Alfalfa; Cotton for a Hundred often seen the Kieffer break down I see by the' Buoy "that the corn clear cucumber
o a showingthat
Years; Poor Fruit Brings Poor Prices'538 under its burden, but this year the Le crop is made, and pulling the blades green
they were on a depletedsoil
Markets;The Florida Home Journal; Recent Conte for the first time in for fodder will be in order." Don'tdo grown
Scientific Researches.............." .... 539 any numbers lacking in potash, or on trees over
suit. it follow the of the
followed late
Grow Celery; Fish Scrap for Fertilizer; Cab. ; example loaded and over worked. A number'were ''
bage After Cabbage; Evaporators; Protec- The same blizzard which destroyedthe Mr. Day, of East Peninsula. Take a bruised and a still larger number
tion From Weevil; Florida Antiquities; orange trees insured the enormous reaper, sickle or a corn knife and cut
........... ... were more or less specked with brownrot.
Paint for
Cent Found
:a, a 540 crop of deciduous fruit'which the entire the corn off near the ground, then putit
Weather and Crops ... .......... ... .., 541 .
country has seen this year, and the cold up in neat shocks in the field, and it ---m-. i
Pineapples at Pabor Lake Great Val.e of
Green Rye......... ....;...... .......'.... 542 which lingered so long after the blizzard will cure nicely, and stock will eat the Cotton for a Hundred Years.
went far to bring together the whole of it. Red Kaffir corn (a non-
Weather in Jacksonville.Week harvest time on the.Suwannee and the saccharine sorghum')) is proving a great An exceedingly interesting pam-
Ending Aug. 19, 8895 Ohio, and therefore practically took boon in Kansas. Has any one raised phlet to' the cotton grower is one en-

a. a. b v q -.;;;..q..I...... away the value of this wonderful yield any at the Bay ?" titled "Production and Price" of Cot-
DATE. atoo o.oo. as"r:1_ q 8 w. by throwing it into market against The above clipping is from the St. ton (for One Hundred Years. From

-- -=a -=a fruits usually a month or more behindit. Andrews Buoy, and the experience recited this it appears that in 1799 this staple
Aug. 13. ....79 77 91'' 74 17 82 .69 Florida began about when accords with what has been writ- touched high water mark for the
Aug. 14.......... 75 88'' 73 IS 80 18 pears
Aug. 15.........77 74 89 73 16 81 12 they should have, ended. ten in our columns by our well known eighteenth century at a price of 44
Aug. 16.........78 76 89 72 17 80 T. cents in New York. In the nine-
Aug. IT.........78 8S 9'I 73 18 82 There never was a more complete Marion county correspondent.This .
Aug 18 .. ....79 79 90 75 15 82 T.01j fizzle than this ''immense crop of Le. year THE FARMER AND FRUIT teenth century so far it reached the
Aug. I9..i. ..79 86 97 76 21 86 .00 lowest in and
point 1842
- Conte pears made this year. The GROWER had a small experimentalfield 1845, being
Mean .....78 79 91 74 17 82 .92 money return was insignificant, but of corn, and it was treated as 5 cents each year, while in 1864 it
-Total. rainfall.T. the people of North and Central Flor- above described. For lack of a corn touched the extreme figure of 68 cents.

Trace.. A..J. MITCHELL, Observer. ida have eaten pears until they could knife one was improvised from the This publication is made by the

... .- eat no more. Hundreds of bushels heel of a scythe blade, and a coloredman United States Department of Agricul.

. Situation Might Be Worse. have been canned, evaporated, con was taught how to use it. The ture. 1 .
One of our advertisers (who, by the verted into cider, butter and syrup ; corn was tied in small ,shocksnotover
way, highly esteems the FARMER AND and thousands have been abandonedto fi'ty hills to each-.on a wide, If the fire blight has attacked your
FRUIT GROWER.as a business-bringer) the stock. One thoughtful citizenof "shock-hill" to insure ventilation. It pear trees don't let the blackened

stated to us that he recently received Bradford county, in a letter to the was 3 very low, wet piece of land, and limbs stand there before you all sum
orders for forty tons of fertilizer one "Times-Union," offered the people of after about two weeks it was deemed mer propagating the spores of diseasefor
day, about thirty the 'next, and that in the orange belt all the pears they advisable to haul it under cover. The further dissemination, but cut out
general the demand for his goods is wanted if they would simply pay the fodder was fairly bright, but would not all diseased parts back into healthy
much improved in the lower countiesof freight. long have remained so, owing to the wood and burn what is cut out.-Gar-

the orange belt and in the vegetableand This plethora has had the same effectas : heavy precipitation of the rainy season. dening.
pineapple regions. the disaster to the orange-it has But it was sufficiently cured to renderit ------.**------

The East Coast Railroad a few broadened Florida's resources. Hun- safe to pile it up several feet deep in A history of grape culture teaches, 0
weeks ago put on a special daily train dreds of growers have had, a revela- the shed. It promises keep without that it is not only a question of Amer-
from Palatka eastward for the benefitof tion of the uses of a fruit which has molding, and to furnish very fair feed icanism, but of localism, and that to

people of the interior going to the been slighted and even maligned, and for a cow in the winter. produce hardy fruits we must take as
seacoast. which has heretofore been mostly neg- -- a basis to work from those that are indigenous
To take the favorable items from lected, except for early shipment. Crimson Clover and Alfalfa. to the locality.-Prof. Brackett. -

only this week's exchanges, we have Hanging on the trees until they be- Much as we could desire to see .
the following: All the cottages at Coro. came thoroughly ripe, these magnificent these two invaluable forage plants acclimated t 4

nado: Beach, about thirty, are full; and, yellow fruits, not a few of which and generally grown in Florida As a rule, the people who planted
of course,these are all Floridians. Busi- weighed a pound apiece, have developed we do not believe it will ever be potatoes, corn or beans among the
iness in Ocala is better than it was last a richness not before suspected. accomplished. The difficulties in get- frost-stricken vineyard rows made a

year. The dealers Gainesville have Cider made from the LeConte when it ting "a stand" from such minute seedsin mistake, says "The Grape Belt." That

sold this year more pianos than in any is immature but full of juice is tolera- the light,fickle sands and under the hardly applies to the Florida orange-

previous five ears. The merchants of bly thin and l vapid i but the product fervid sun and {the 1 beating; rains of the ,growers






flarkets.. Terribly Afflicted.From HE

I tho Herald, Cayuga Ind.
JACKSONVILLE, FLA., Aug. 23. A headache is a common ailment with FIRST NATIONAL BANK OF FLORIDA

everybody, but very few people are tor- ,
I FIIUITS AND. PItODUCE. tured with that terrible affliction-sick JAeH:SONVIT..tLE.

Corrected by Marx Bros. headache or bilious'.headache.; No one

I' These are average quotations. Extra choice who has not suffered from this agonizing The Oldest National Bank in the State.This .
lots fetch prices above top quotations, while poor malady can form any just conception of
lots sell lower. Bank, after twenty of successful has
years business just undergone a rigid special examination !
Grapes per crato ........... ......... .75 to 1.00 the almost unendurable pain in the head, by the United States Comptroller's Department,and has had its charter extended for an
Pears perbbl...'............ .. ....... .. .75to 1.25 extreme nausea of the stomach and utter other period of twenty years. <
Apples,bbl.... .. ..... .... .... ....... 2.50 exhaustion of the that By conservative, yet liberal methods, this bank has achieved the highest reputation for solidity,
Peaches crate............. ... ...... .75 to 1.00 body usually accompanies strength and ability to meet legitimate demands.We .
English Peas bu..... .___...... .... l.6o each attack. Mr.\ John' W. invite a visit or correspondence, looking toward business relations, assuring you that
Cocoanuts.... .. ........ .... ......... 3.50 Middlebrook, of Hillsdale, Ind., was so favors shall at all times receive intelligent and careful attention. your
I Peanuts best brand.... .... ......... '4t05 afflicted for and her husband tolda
Cabbage N. Y. each ................ .7 years, JAMES M. SCHUMACHER, R. C. COOLEY ,
Pineapples, ...... ..... .............. .02 to .05 reporter the following remarkable President. Cashier.
Potatoes, New York... ..... ........ 2.25 story:
Onions, bbl ...... ....... .. ......... 2,50 "My wife suffered terribly four five Safe Deposit Boxes For Rent.
Eggs,........ ,_............... ...... .16 or
years with her head, and was in constant
VEGETABLES AND POULTRY. i day and night. Nothing brought
Corrected by Davis & Robinson. relief. Finally a lady in Montezuma SAVE MONEYB :

Yellow Yams, bush. ........ .. .'...... 50 to .60 recommended Dr. Williams' Pink Pills.I .
Sweet Potatoes, ........ ..... ........ 50 to 60 FERTILIZERS .
Hubbard squash, bbl.. .......... ...... x.ooto 125 bought a box and my wife began takingthe y buying only : .
Lettuce, doz. none... ... ............. pills. She had not taken the first With< a PURE BONE BASIS
Celery Kalamazoo...... ....... ...... 40 to 50 box until she was better and those awful ,
Egg Plants, bbl. ..... ... <.. ......... 2.00102.25 i E iirich your Land and Yourselves, I.:
Tomatoes crates. ..... ............... 2.00 pains in her head were less severe. By .
Sweet Pepper, bu .. . ...... ..... .. .50 the time the first box was entirely gone E ucourage every one you may I'
Okra bu, ..... .... ..... .......... .. .5<>to.75 she felt greatly relieved, and I purchased K''
Green Beans ........... ......... .. .... 2 00 now to use DIRLIMB'S[ FERTILIZERS, because they are
Peas, none................ .... the second box. Her improvement continued .
Turnips, bunch.-............. .03 to.04 and I kept buying pills until four S are and Reliable to use for
Cucumbers,crate none........... ..... 2.00 to 2.50 boxes were used. The pain in her head A
Pumpkins, each...................... .05 to .10 iiy Crop, making a Strong, Stocky .. .'
Kershaws, each... ...... ......... .05 to .10 stopped. That was last October, 1894, G rowth and sweet juicy vegetables and fruits that
Parsley,per doz. bunches........... 30 to .40 and she has not suffered with her head are
Carrots Fla., per doz.bunches........ .20 to .25 since: My wife is about 65 years old and E ngaged ahead by those:; Merchants who do II
Green onions, doz. bunches...... to
Pepper,hot bushel per ,...... ............. 75 15 to 1.50.25 very feeble, but these pills have greatly N ot want only the very best Fruits and Vegetables.
Sage well cured Ib..................... .10 to. 15 benefited her health in other wad s. I
Lima Beans.shelled, qt ...... ....... .12 to .15 The reporter further confirmed the T ake time and write at once to the I
Hens........ 4.... .......... ...-.. ..... .30 ;
to the old
Roosters............... .. .. .........' .25 story by talking lady. Her
Broilers........ .-.....'.. ...... .. .... .10 to .15 face lighted up with a smile when he L. B. DARLING FERTILIZER 1 COMPANY
Turkeys, per pound,gross............. .08 to .10 mentioned Dr. Williams' Pink Pills, anda !
Ducks...................... ........... .25 to .30 tear in her she
Geese. poor demand ............. joyous eyes as Jacl sonv311e, Florida.
New Beets per too. ... .. .................. .50 to 1.00 remarked, The pain is all gone." .
Water Cress, per doz. none....... .... That there is virtue in these pills\ is and obtain their Special Low Prices to meet the times ,', i
Cauliflower doz. none.-.... ..... .... .75 to 2.00 evident from the fact that Charles Kirtz
Blackberries, qtHuckleberries ......... .:....... for Cash With Order.GHOIcE. I
none. ............. .... the Montezuma druggist, reports that he
Melons.... .... ... ....... .... .... .. .15 sells more of them than any pill in the
Canteloupes, bbl..... ,.... ...... 2.00 house.
Leeks per doz'bunches... .........1'.. .25 : A :N'o.: 1
Corn, doz .......... ..... ...; ... .15 I Dr. Williams' Pink Pills for Pale People
Scuppernongs... .. ...... .t". 1.00 are considered an unfailing specificfor
such diseases as locomoter ataxia,
The Florida Home Journal. partial paralysis, St. Vitus' dance, sciatica Florida Grown Orange Trees

neuralgia, rheumatism, nervous head-
Tho initial number of a new Florida ache.the, after effects of la grippe, palpitation -

magazine, with the above title, is laid of the heart, pale and sallow com IR'O1: S.A. :
upon our table. It is published by the well plexions, that tired feeling result from

known Jacksonville architects, :Messrs. prostration all diseases result-
nervous ;
Scott& costa. The mechanical present Ing from vitiated humors in the blood, Grape Fruit, Lemon and Seedless Grape. Fruit. .

ment is satisfactory, the paper and typography such as scrofula chronic erysipelas, etc.
All trees grown on stock in Florida that was not injured by the freeze. Buds from 3 to 6 feet
the and
good, designs house-plans, They are also a specific for troubles
pe- straight and well grown. Also choice Abbaka and Golden Queen Pineapple suckers, 15 to 20 inches.
with two exceptions clear and dis-
one or
culiar to females, such as suppressions,
Satisfaction guaranteed. Correspondence solicited, or call on
tinct. The vignette and the frontispiecewere irregularities, and all forms of weakness,

drawn, respectively, by two Jacksonville In men they effect a radical cure in all GEO. WRIGHT
artists Messrs. Lou.Brannan and ,
cases arising from mental worry and
1\\[. Ullman. ORLANDO FLA.
Sidney overwork or excesses of whatever nature. ,
The center-piece of the number is "the Pink Pills are sold by all dealers or will

ideal Southern home," a cut and a brief bo sent post paid on receipt of price, ((50 the address took
F. R. S. delivering
description of the dwelling of A. H. King, cents a box or six boxes; for $2.50)) by addressing for his subject "The Perception of j jIn

Esq.,a Jacksonville attorney, which oughtto Dr. Williams' Medicine Co., Light" and the laws, .affecting it. He described QUICK WORK
be from ,
a pleasant a1odejudging
very Schenectady, N. Y. the recent discoveries
appearances. It has ample scope and at length selling and paying for Fruits and Vegetables j
verge enough of veranda to meet the Recent Scientific Researches.We carried out by micro-photography in regard shipped to us is our motto. WE ;
of to the mechanism of the. eye; discoveries GIVE GOODS SENT U* BY GROWERS
most exacting requirements a semi- have received a brief report of the \
which had shown, as had never FIRST PLACE BECAUSE WE NEVER
tropical climate. Likewise there is avery annual meeting of the Victoria Instituteor BUY OURSELVES. They are protectedby
cool and comfortable atmosphere of Great Britain before known, the marvelous adaptability our 40 years experience without default- ?
Philosophical Society of the parts, and among other thingsthe Ing a dollar. Enquire as to our standing :
seaside which
pervading cottage, from the Honorary Secretary, Capt. F. fact that in the eye of the lower animals and financial stability which any bank or ,,1'/
said to be "slightly Queen Anne in treat- can' .
Petrie. A few extracts are as follows: merchants having
ment," a delightful abiding place for a "The Honorary Secretary Capt. F. Fe- there were coloured points present verify-then try us-WE BELIEVE OUR ,I
which, in man, were totally absent. METHOD WILL SATISFY YOU. Send I
months of the
few summer on sandy coast trie, in reading the report of the Institute One fact of special importance was the your name for our quotations. Stencil and'
of Pablo Beach. -whose object is to investigate all philosophical striking evidences of design which forced cards fry e. Letters promptly answered. \!,
We find to commend in
can nothing
including -
and scientific questions
the "design for a six-room house;" it is any alleged to militate against, the themselves addition on to the the knowledge mind on our of gainingthis the organ FRENCH & CO., }jl jljl i
built and destitute of
so compactly so
truths of Revelation referred to thevalue
of sight, and he pointed out that 116 Warren St New York. \'
broad, airy, round-about spaces that it is of the work recently done. Duringthe to ,
these evidences patent as "
were now so
bettor to New than to
adapted England
year the Institute's.membership had actually silence critics. As the President ESTABLISHED 1855. '::
Florida. increased to 1,500 members resident in
closed the address there was a storm of
. Tho sketch of the Florida Cracker woman

all parts of tho world. Several important -
amid which the Lord High
is in character. The ,head applause,
had been considered includ-
subjects of England rose to move a Bradley Redfleld. Eugene B. Redjldd.
ought to be down in the bottom of a huge
ing what the talented Professor Huxley \:
vote of thanks, and in calm, dignified ESTABLISHED 1871.
and there several
poke or sun
had termed tho "intrinsic weaknesses"of the immense value of
accents pointed
minor details of the make-up which are tho natural selection hypothesis; in the President's contribution to Christian REDFIELD & SON, i'

more conventional than real. connection with which investigation due from all .
and the debt
As a whole tho magazine makes a very showed that all naturalists now admit Philosophy, to tho Victoria Institute Commission MerchantsAND
right thinking men
creditable start and if it has wise
a con-
that evolution as a working hypothesishas .for its able work." !
duttore it ought to make a long and pros as yet, proved insufficient to accountfor -

perous run. It has our best wishes. Tho man's place in nature. As regardsthe I
home life of Florida is peculiar and at question of the "missing link" be- RUI TREES.FOR Fruit Auctioneers, i

present lacks an exponent. tween man and the ape, it had been scientifically I

demonstrated that in no case SOUTHERN ORCHARDS. 141 Dock Street, 2'Jilladelphia, Pa.

Florida leads all the States in the had a so called missing link proved to be Write for Catalogue and price list. We handle all kinds of Fruits and Vegetables, '
other than a human being with a lesser either at private sale (which has heretofore been !
per cent of increase of the acreage in developed brain than usual. JENNINGS' NURSERY CO., our custom) or by the auction system (recently.

potatoes. "Tho President\ Sir G. G. Stokes, Bart., ThnmtuvtUe, Of. added to our business)as you may desire. I


.- ,. -. --, .. -... .---- -...

:: : "',




Grow Celery. : contains 12% to 2134 per cent. of markets for the last twelve or fifteen Paint for One Cent a Pound. _

.,The month of August, near at hand water, 6.80! II.40f nitrogen (average years by hundreds and thousands of A good, cheap paint is a very han< I

should be utilized by ,every household 7.3 per cent.,) 5.5 to 11.3 per cent. acres. I have known the same pieceof thing to have around the farm, p< 1
\i inthe' city, village.or country to start of phosphoric acid (average 8.3 per land to be planted consecutively.for haps more particularly'the'farm hous

a good sized box or bed to the growthof cent.) Ten, other samples not so well ten or more years.without any diminu- I -have found that the following, whi _
celery for fall, winter and early dried gave 15.5 to 45.5 per cent. of tion in the yield or quality of the prod has the unaccustomed merit of beir

use. This particularly appliesto water, 2.4 to 7.6 of nitrogen (average uct. In fact, it is apparent that the both cheap and practical will answ

spring south Texas, where the winters are 4.97,)' 2.9 to 8.6 phosphoric acid best grade of lands has improved ,un- all purposes. Try it and report: Tone r-

seldom ever severe enough to injure (average 5.08 per cent.) der this system of culture. Our truck gallon of soft hot water add fo (

'growing celery. Highly fertilized Farmers living near fisheries where farmers, however, fertilize highly on pounds of sulphate of zinc (crude .(.;

earth should be used in bed or box,, the fish are ground up1 for manufacture the very best of lands, preparing their Let it dissolve slowly, and a sedime .
which should be located so as to get can make advantageous use of lands thoroughly, and giving the best will be found at the bottom. Tur '

but ,very little of August and September the scrap; but in your situation 'you of culture.I the clear solution into another vesse
sun, but where it is convenient towater will have to employ some sort of a wish to add this: Do not plant To one gallon of paint (lead and oi

should be watered daily for mill,, and you had better compost the egg plants or tomatoes on the same mix one gallon of the compound; sti

the first two weeks or more, until the scrap without drying. Fish scrap and i land two years in succession.P. it into the, paint slowly for ten or fi '

celery makes 'its appearance. It takes kainit make a complete fertilizer for F. WILSON. teen minutes, and the compound an 1

time and patience to get celery started vegetables and farm crops, but we Gainesville, Fla... paint will cbmbine perfectly. If to C
and frequent waterings until you havea could hardly recommend it for choice Protection--from-Weevil thick, thin it to proper consistencwith
fruits. Ashes and be com .tine and will have 4
of ,remembering scrap can turpe: you
mass green plants, Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower :
posted together also and lime, cheap paint that will be hard to beat i
always to keep them well screened scrap : Noting a request in your columnsfor
from a continuous exposure'to the hot But you had better apply the articles some way of protecting .corn and
Canebrake ,Going to Seed.
August and September suns. The to the land, separately, or else, if you seeds from the weevil, I would say that Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower.

plants while in their beds can be'kept compost them, the alkali will liberate when corn is gathered, if one can pro- The seeding of our Southern cane

sheared back until fall rains and much of the valuable nitrogen in the cure the seeds of the china tree, put a brake arundinaria tecta) has bee
cooler weather set in. This is neces- form of ammonia and it will be vola- layer of corn one or two feet thick, announced the
widely as o
sary to give the plant the age and tilized and lost. then some of the china berries, and so a new and important cereal..
necessary amount of root to bear Muck is a good base for.your com- on up through. Mix well, and no wee- like other memberof
Probably, many
transplanting'into rows or trenches in post. You can mix this with the fish vil will appear. The leaves are also the bamboo the canebrak
the The leaves from without loss, then apply the kainit or
garden spot. good.
seeds once in a long series of years, th
these early plants as they are clippedcome potash salts to the crop separately. Another subscriber'asks how to destroy -I production of seed terminating life.

into use in flavoring soups, the jigger flea on poultry. Buy We read of extensive tracts of countryin

salads and roasts. The celery plant''' Farmer Evaporators.Editor and Fruit Grower.: Frazier's axle grease and rub their the Orient where the seeding of the

becomes an interesting one to loversof There are ,several ways of preserv- heads and under their wings. Do bamboo occurs at intervals of thirty or

horticulture, growing as it does ing fruit and vegetables but. there is not use it too heavy and after using a forty ,years; and, in some instances,,
through the winter months, and can but one good way in this climate. day or two scald or burn out the famine has been'averted in the over|

be brought to perfection in early That is to dry them with fire heat. If house and put in new roosts or scald populated ,districts of India by t

spring in open field culture. The it had not been for my little evaporator the old ones. A few applications and timely seeding of certain species of tit
writer sprigged out for.two of the win-_ nearly half of my pears would keeping the house and roosts clean' bamboo. "

ter months 5,000 of these plants in a I have rotted or have been fed to the will destroy them. I catch and apply -' Boston, Mass. ,

swamp, fertilized with stable, manure, fowls. As it is, I have some better to all. F. C. M. BOGGESS.Ft. .- < -

,six inches ,apart every way. In that evaporated pears and peaches than I Ogden, Fla. .H -4 The great fault with our Howe- ,

time they were exposed to the severest can buy, as these that I have' dried Florida Antiquities. growing is the stinginess of it. W

freezes of the winter, cutting down were ripe, well flavored, and thoroughly Curious and puzzling anything grow our flowers as if they were th

the tops, but not injuring the roots, cleansed of all decayed spots, brought to light in recent years was choicest rarities, to be coddled in a I
which kept a continuous growth, a cores, skins and everything else that some ancient handiwork found not hotbed or under a bell jar and then tq
. mass of IOOtS'o each plant, with undesirable in fruit. be exhibited single specimens i
..was. long ago in making excavations for a as iq'}
shoots putting forth as soon as it Now,, what we' want in every neigh- canal connecting Lakes Eustis and some little pinched and ridiculou:

't'turned warmer. The first of February borhood more than canneries or many Dora, in Southern Florida. The first hole cut in the turf or perched upo

these plants were reset into open other things, is large evaporators to excavations revealed the existence ofa an ant hill which some gardener ha i

field,culture six inches apart and in dry a part of our large sweet potato clearly defined wall lying in a line laboriously heaped upon a lawn x

rows four feet Every one of these crop. We raise some of the finest trending toward the southwest, from Nature, on the other hand, grows heir;

plants so treated gave'me celery stalks flavored sweet potatoes in the world where it was first struck. The wall flowers in the most luxurious abund

'the equal in size and quality of Kala- and if they were evaporated, ground was composed of a dark brown. sand- ance and you can pick an armful with-

,mazoo'celery; Bleaching celery dur- I and put into different sized packages, stone, very much crumbled in places, out offense. She grows her flowers in
,ing the winter months should be done I would sell like "hot cakes" in all of
they earnest
but more distinct, more clearly defin- as a ,man grows a crop
by earthing. In the spring months, parts of the revel in color and
country. Every ocean ed and the stone more solid as the corn; you can the
as temperature is higher, bleaching vessel would take some and canned digging increased in depth. The wall the fragrance and be satisfied.-I. ,H. :

between plank 12 inches wide shouldbe green corn and'many other unhealthyfoods was evidently the eastern side of an Bailey. .
the method avoid the '
\ to rusting would have, to take a "back ancient home or fortification. This -
celery as it has to The chief products of Orange
a great tendency seat. M. CHESEBRO. sand mound was dug into only a few
do in warm weather. In conclusion I Plummers Fla.Cabbage county in 1870 were 16,213 bushelsof
inches but discovered to
enough was
.would(; .;advise. every household to learnto Indian corn, 18,490.of, sweet pota
warrant the belief that here the
grow celery, and if you ,do not at After Cabbage. toes, 306 bales of cotton and 4,856
and northwestern shore of Lake Dora is
Editor Fanner
Fruit Grower ,
,first relish it t you will learn to do so, In issue of : gallons of molasses. The populationwas
a recent your paper there submerged a city or town or fortifica-
and in its'use are fortifying of whom 198 were col--
you your 2,195
appeared a communication from Mr. tion, older by centuries than anythingyet '
system against ailments common to C.K. ored. There were 254 horses, 3,962
of DeFuniak
McQuarrie, Springs, discovered in this portion of Flor'
the human in climes.-E.. milch cows 10,827 other cattle and
entitled "How to Raise Good Cab- ida. Small, curiously shaped blocksof ,
Chew, in Galveston News. 3,603 swine. Twenty-five years ago
> t bage. Mr. McQuarrie's directions sandstone, some of them showing
the industry cut no figure inOrangecounty's
Fish Scrap for Fertilizer. :. for raising cabbage are in the traces of fire, pieces of pottery and ; orange wealth. Now it has
Editor'Farmer and Fruit.Grower: main correct, he makes one statement utensils made of mottled flint were
Will you, or some of your readers, that is calculated to mislead those who thrown out by the men while working completely absorbed and blinded us,
be kind enough to give in the columnsof are not experienced in planting cabbage waist deep in water. One spearheadof and we sit down and howl over ,the
loss the fruit when the
your valuable paper information regarding in Florida.He mottled flint, five and a half inches temporary ,
the best method of composting says "cabbage should never be long by one and a quarter inches wide, ground remains, and is as productiveas
refuse fish for fertilizer and its in succession of yore, the sun shines the same,
a planted in the same I nicely finished, was taken from the top
and the rains continue to moisten the
comparative values as such. ground.; This observation is,no doubt, of the sand mound and about four feet
Is good rich muck the proper base correct: when applied to many parts of below the water level of the lake. land. Who so blessed as we, if we
and will it do to use lime ? the country. It certainly will not hold will only open our eyes and see ?-

ENOCH ROOT. good; with reference to this localityand We were told by a piano dealer yesterday Orlando Reporter.. .
Palm' Beach, Fla. other localities in Florida with that more pianos had been sold
According to forty-nine analyses which I am acquainted. in Gainesville the past year than for Tho Garry Iron & Steel Roofing Co.,
have just received a contract from th
made at the Massachusetts Experiment Cabbage has been planted in this any previous ,five years in the history United Salt Company fQrno{ hCf Iron

Statjpn fish guanp, or fish} scrap vicinity for shipment to the Northern of) the town,-Gainesville dun, building.


--'--"-' ---- --
---' ----...- _._...... -- ---

WEATHER AND CROPS. corn going on in Hillsborough county,

where potatoes, peas, hay and cane e e e e .I
, JACKSONVILLE, FLA.., Aug. 20, 1895. are doing nicely. Rice in the above
WEATHER CONDITIONS. connty is reported to be fine. Orangetrees c Fertilizers for Fall Cropsshould \

'growing well and have fine color.

n< Tempera- Precipita- Sun- Considerable budding being done. contain a high percentage of Potash to

P< ture ((1)) tlon. ((2)) shine. Preparations for fall gardens being insure the largest yield and a permanent enrichment ,J
DISTRICT -- -- '
made. Favorable advices _
is Nor- CurNor come .
Curlror Week of the soil.
1 idir mal rent mat rent.Western. : Polk county regarding rice, ,hay and -
-- cane. Good cane crop in Sumter Write for our "Farmers' Guide," a 142-page illustrated book. It'

w ... 81 80 2.09. 3.41 u...; county, which is being made into :is brim full of useful information for farmers. It will be sent free, and '

1oi Northern.., 82 81 1.47 1.38 S u sorghum. Potatoes good. Conditionof will make and save you money. Address,
GERMAN KALI WORKS, Nassau Street,New York.
cotton the district is 93
over anything
] CentraL... 81 80 1.02 2.01 as i
lese Southern. 83 80 1.22 1.24 .8 but flattering In Columbia it is e e e e e
ert shedding and rusting, and on the

ur ( ) Degrees Farenhelt. whole, very unsatisfactory. The rice JOHN L. MARVIN,
(2)( )Inches and Hundredths. section of Orange county reports the President.H. .
heading out well the L
crop as and yield
CROP CONDITIONS.All Cashier. Assistant Cashier.
lti '
; very promising! Orange trees' pro CAPITAL $100,000.
fi'' crops and growing vegetation gressing. Great. preparations for fall

into Ii progressing favorably during the week, crops. In Pasco county sweet potato THE MERCHANTS'' NATIONAL
t except cotton over the Western and and Irish potato>crops above the aver BANK'JACKSONVILLE
1C t Northern districts and a portion of the age. Rain in plenty, and is helping ,

e central territory, where the continued orange trees. It is claimed that many FLORIDA,

at showery conditions and overcast skies trees will fruit within two years. t Respectfully solicits your Deposits, Collections and Genera;. '.,
were injurious. Only a few stations Southern District-A very season- Banking Business.CORRESPONDENCE '
report heavy falls of rain, but lands able week over the district., Truck .
were kept wet, and in many instances growers are active.i in preparing" fall INVITED. :
ne no work was accomplished. The last planting of vegetables. sections of f DIREOTORS I'
'el two days of the week were hot and Polk county tomatoes 'and onions' will John L. Marvin, A. B. Campbell Chas. Marvin, .
o sunshiny, causing rapid evaporation, soon be planted. Orange trees'in1 De- H. T., Baya, T. W. Roby, Judge R. B.' Archibald' ld,"
but'at the same time the change was Soto county are making a fine,growth. Judge E. M. Randall. C. B. Rogers. W. M. Davidson; '
Or' H. Robinson John E. Hartrldcre..
er too sudden and severe to do cotton Low lands in the above county have
Lk any good. Numerous instances of the received too much rain for the best in-
:h plant being scalded reach this office. terest of the sweet potato. Pineapplesin SAVINGS AND TRUST BANK, .

(e. Rust and shedding are reported quite Dade, DeSoto and Brevard countiesare

try general. A few days of partial cloudi- doing nicely. F-LtORIDA..,

he ness, not abnormally warm, followedby SUMMARY BY COUNTIES. JACKSONVILLE.
or light occasional'showers during the
CAPITAL, 50000.
es, latter part of the coming week, will do : Western .DisneEscambiaDaily/:
er much to enhance and materially better showers, some H. ROBINSON, President. \V.J. HARKISHEIMER, Vlce-Pre.: ;.'

the present' condition of cotton, whichis 'quite heavy. Ground full of water. RAWLINSON, Cashier, .

h now opening over the'high lands:., i Outdoor work suspended. Thousands DIRECTORS : .
Western District-The greater por- i of pears rotting and being used as hog I
tion of the week was generally unsat- feed. Molino.Trimmer. W.J. HARKISHEIMER, PHILIP WALTER, R. H. UGGETT,' .
_;I isfactory for cotton and the saving of Escambia-Excessive rains have J. A. HENDERSON, C. C. ROBERTSON, W. B. OWEN. :

'e ': hay and fodder. Jefferson county reports 'damaged fall garden plan ts. Pear Collections made on all points of Florida,and Remitted for on day of Pay. I'
V 1 a very significant depreciationin 'market glutted. Sweet potatoes in ment. Active and Savings Accounts Solicited. Interest Paid on '

h the condition of cotton, caused:; by market. Prospect for a famous crop. Savings.. .! I I

& the continued rains. Corn generally 'Pensacola, 81 degrees; rain, 1.77.- '

t good, as also are potatoes, peas, pin- 'McMillan. FLORIDA FRUIT EXCHANGE. !
i ut ders and pears. Thousands of bushelsof : Santa Rosa-Good corn crop. Pre- :

11 the latter are rotting, there beingno paring for fall crops. Turnip seed ,
1 demand. Active steps being taken sown. Milton, 80 degrees; rain, 6.05. An Incorporated Home Association of Orange Growers for marketing .Florida Fruit-to the
best advantage.-AUTHOIUZED CAPITAL $300.000.BOX .
a for (fall planting of vegetables. Turnipshave Carlovitz. MATERIAL-The Exchange is fully prepared to supply boxes and paper on
ne been sown in many sections. I Jefferson-Cotton not as good as order. Write for price list and terms. j:

nd Northern District-The same storyof ten days ago. Corn better than we GEO. R. FAIRBANKS President.-:OFFICERS:-D. GREENLEAF, VicePresiden1.ALBERT .- I
disaster to cotton comes from Baker have had in several years. Potatoes, M. IVES Gen'l Mgr.and Treas. M. P. TURNER, Secretary. ,'j, {
h- DIRECTORS-Geo. R. Fairbanks, Alachua Co.; E.G. Hill, Bradford Co.; Dr. E. E. Pratt ;
Liberty and Suwannee counties. The peas and pinders good. Lloyds, 80 HillsboroCo.; John Fabyan, Lake Co.; Hy Crutcher Orange (.o.; D. Greenleaf, Duval Co.;,
degrees rain oo.-Dennis. J. D. Mead, Duval Co.; A. Brady, Brevard CO.LF.; G. Sampson, Marion Co.; C. V. Hillyer,
IDf fields are reported as "boggy, and the ; Marion Co.; John M. Bryan, Osceola Co.; W. E.! Stanton, Putnam Co.; M. S. Moreman St.' :
f plant, in many instances, in a preca- Leon-Bad week for crops. Little Johns Co.; 0. F. A. Bielby, Volusia Co.; Irving Keck Polk Co. I
ld I Addresslall: correspondence to the Florida! Fruit Exchange,Jacksonville, Fla Stencils,
fodder saved. Pears
rious condition, as a consequence of hay or droppingfrom with full packing and shipping Instructions furnished on application.
r. excessive rains: The greater portionof the trees; no demand. Brad- .

the lower crop that has opened, ford ville.-Bradford. JOHN CLARK SON & CO.
,e has rotted, and the present outlook Northern District: ,
Is for the middle and top crop, is not Baker-Showers and heavy ,rains
t. propitious. all the week. The ground is full of Grocers and Commission Merchants

6 ;, Alachua county reports too much water, and is certain to be disastrousto
n rain for all crops, and a general retar- the cotton crop. There is a fair DEALERS :
dation of work. Vegetables and fruits bottom but the middle is '
{ crop crop 'Coal, Hay, Grain, Wines, Liquors, :
not so plentiful. Gardeners preparingfor gone, to a great extent. But little :
2d jI I strawberries and other fall crops. :,fruit left, except pears. Macclenny.Reed. Cigars, Tobacco, Etc. ,; :*.. I'
cribs will be sufficiently ;
As a rule, corn i
0Il full for home demands. I St. Johns-Hot and showery. Not Jacksonville, HMoricle*. d I '. .i y i
... .
S Central District-Conditions pre. much farm work doing. Gardeners ,'' ,' .j!!:. _tW'
vailing over this district were more 'preparing for fall crops and strawber. PRICE-LIST WHISKIES: ': ;

, favorable than elsewhere. Very little ries. Switzerland.Steele.Alachu MANONGAHELA RyE.t 50 CABINET BOURBON.... ........... .. .f6 oo": !
> PARKER..... ............ ._,., ......,.... 175 J. MARTIN RYE............................. 3 oo' 1
> moisture fell over sections of Orangeand t-Too much rain for all ORANGE VALLEY........... ........ .....200 VIRGINIA GLADES..............,.......... 4 OO L LSPRINGVAI4I4Ey.
Hillsborough counties. Over the ''crops and too little sunshine. Archer ......... ..,.............. 250 OLD BOURBON.................... ..... 5 00 f
> BALTIMORE CORN ... .... .......,....., a oo KENTUCKY SOUR MASH.,........i..... 500 s
latter county, however, there were 80 degrees; rain, 1.77.-Andruss. NORTH CAROLINA CORN.' .. ............ 350 OLD BAKER..... ... .................r.... 5 00' !
. some localities that received too much Suwannee-Rain every day. Some ,CLIFTON CLUB......., ...... ............. 300 MONTROSE VELVET RYE.....,.............. 6 oo .r

. rain. Plant City and Tarpon Springswere very heavy showers. Cotton is shed- JUGS EXTRA: One gallon 250; two gallon, soc; three gallon, 750. Remit by post.office i
order, check or registered letter. We cannot ship C. O. D. Remit with order.
visited by heavy falls, doing no 'ding some and rusting, but it don't money A complete price-list of Groceries,and Wine List,sent free on application I

little damage to crops in those vicini seem to spread. McAlpin.-Black., JOHN CLARK SON &. CO:
and week unfavorable ,
ties. Gardening, housing hay Liberty-The past


-------- ..-. ,- -- -

--, -- ,,




for crops. The fields are boggy, and' that the culture of this delicious fruit good bite of green rye or wheat. It STRAWBERRY PLANTS. Write to John B.
Fla.,for price list. 8-i-tf
if it continues to rain, cotton will be seems likely to become a prominent is excellent in years of greatest abund-

injured badly. Bristol McAliley. industry, in which a ten acre tract ance; in years when other food is GASOLINE STOVE for sale, at half price.

Central District: can be made to produce greater returns scarce or poor it is simply indispensable new. W. II. Powers'Lawtey and an oven;.nearly Fla. as goodas tf

Marion Too much rain and cloudy than any section of 640 acres -really a benefaction. Sow it .

weather. Cutting} hay not begun.Hay' anywhere in the United States plantedto with a drill or broadcast as you think STRAWBERRY PLANTS. Improved Alabama

farm produce. .. best, but do a good job, as if you desired The best varieties for
weed and vine ,
crop, beggar pea Southern planting. Clouds, $1.75; Newnans
luxuriant. Old well There are growing in and about success and meant to deserve $1.00 per 1,000, f. o. b. First class plants and
crops corn pretty Pabor Lake about it. packing guaranteed. C. H. Churchill, Lawtey,
150,000 pineapples -F. D. Coburn.
matured. No fruit. Orange Lake, Fla. 7-10-6
mostly planted in 1893. These were <
81 degrees rain 2.39.Anderson.'OrangeWeather .
; expected to fruit this season; the freezeof Five acres growing two crops each ORANGE, LEMON and GRAPH FRUIT BudI I
favorable for all and Budded Trees and 50,000 small
All doing well. Oviedo.- last winter prevented this;; but the season equals ten acres growing onlyone. seedling stocks at the Manatee Nurseries

crops.Crutchfield. plants were not injured and are now Packing, Fla guaranteed. A. J. Pettigrew 8-10-5, Manatee

growing vigorously. That so tendera
Pasco-Sweet and Irish potatoes STRAWBERRY PLANTS for sale. For well-
could stand freezes of Plants at dollar
plant two ten Improved one
doing well. Continue to have great and a half a thousand ($[.50)) f. o. b. AddressE.
each and survive when and
deal of rain which helps the orange : degrees ten 'r lorida .Hardaker, Lakeland, Fla. 8-10-3
twelve old trees were killed and s
trees. The growth in instances year orange .
many almost incredible. But it is ANEW deal on wire netting. Prices cut in
is ten feet, and will fruit within two' seems, We pay freight. Write for our latest
true. I incline to the belief that our OrangesjResorts price-list. E. W Amsden, Ormond, Fla. 7-i-tf
was due to the fact that the
Dade City-81 degrees; rain-Del- BUDWOOD. From 50 varieties of bearing Or-
cher. surface soil was dry and for an inchor ange, and Grape Fruit trees. Also
Rough Lemon and Sour Orange Seedlings for
two held no moisture and that the
Orange-Crop conditions continue sale. Nursery trees budded to order now for
favorable. warmth of the sun in the day time remained i4[investments future delivery at low prices. W. K. Trimble,
Large acreage of potatoes. Braidentown Manatee Co., Fla. 8-10.3
in the surface sand with sufficient -
Rice heading out well, and the yield

promises well. Orange trees doing strength to resist the cold. Had Developments HHo make room, twenty Brown Leghorn, eight I
the ground been moist, as it generally Light Brahma, five Plymouth Rock hens,
nicely. thoroughbred, only fifty cents apiece. Mrs. C.
I j"
Orlando-81 degrees; rain, 1.19- is in the flat woods, I fear our planta Attractions I Gomperts, Lady Lake.Fla. 8-10-3

Rice. tions would have been killed to the Address, I

roots.-W. E. Pabor in Florida Home ROUGH LEMON and SOUR ORANGE Seed-
Columbia-Cotton shedding and G. D. ACKERLY, for Sale. Clear Water Nursery, Keene, I
Journal! Florida. 8-3-4 ,
rusting. Several horses died with GENERAL PASSENGER AGENT .

staggers; among others I lost mine. The Great Value of Green B.ve. THE TROPICAL TRUNK LINE, 150 000 STOCK CITRUS TREES FOR

Lake City, 80 degrees ; rain, 1.63- We have believed for ten that SALE. Grape Fruit Seedlings,
I Sour Orange, Sweet Orange and Rough Lemon
Knight. the most of us in what is called "theSouth" --- : Seedlings, 65.000 Seed bed Grape Fruit Scions
Sumter-Past week warm with with a large stock of aU Standard Varieties of
not sufficiently appreciatethe budded Orange, Lemon and Limes, now grow-
plenty of rain until the last two 'days. for this fall and winter The
value of rye as a late fall, all winter JtA.' !:S.-Twenty words, name and address, ing planting. Lake-
land Nurseries, C. M. Marsh, Lakeland,
Cane good. Potatoes doing week, cents three weeks cents Noth-
crop very and early spring forage for milch-cows. one 25 ; 50 Polk County, Fla. 8-3-10.
ing taken for less than 25 cents.
nicely. A good crop of sorghum. Hence we reprint the following article Advertisements for this column MUST be pre
Wildwood.-Davis. paid.Send. BEST GRASS for Lawns and Permanent Pas-
which is not at all too enthusiastic, as no stamps larger than two cents. in good pine and hammock land. Louisiana -
HilIsborough-Rainy week. Rice we can testify from personal Initials and figures count as one word. Grass (Paspalum platycaule). Roots 251
is expe- cents pet 100 by mail. $1.25 per barrel. W. II.J
fine. Considerable
doing garden rience. The would Powers Fla. tf
I only preface we WANTED. Charge of an injured grove in Lawtey
- truck being planted. Orange trees add is, sow nothing but Florida- Florida by competent.person. Favorable
grown terms if land is good. "Experience" RARE BARGAIN. A good payiugdairyan
doing nicely and have fine color. A
a seed and for in of
apply some manure. care Farmer and Fruit Grower. 8-24-tf business sale Tampa consisting 3
Considerable budding being done.- cows, Jerseys, Durhamsand other blooded stoc
Where conditions are at all favor- SALE OR EXCHANGE. What have you
FOR horses,wagons, etc. Also very rich'garden landsin j
Southerland.-Hartley. able, it furnishes an astonishing exchange for a nice 13 room Queen Anne center of city, on line of electric railway and!
I of
two story house and 3 lots in a pleasant part
F. C. and P. R. R. irrigated by several flowing'
I! Southern District: of rich, succulent grazing, just at the city one block from Jam es Street. AddressM. artesian wells, unsurpassed for celery culture;!
Ii time of when Luther, 902 Montgomery street, Syracuse, Apply to Clarkson Bros at Ybor City. Mitt;
i Dade-A few pineapples are still to a year it is most relished New York. 8-24-it sales now from fifty to sixty gallons per diem. '"

be had. Sweet potatoes are nearly and most needed by all kinds of farm FOR SALE. Three hundred bushels of Seed :

ready for market. Jupiter degrees animals, even including poultry. It raised in Alachua county. Price $2.50 STRAWBERRY PLANTS-loo.ooo for sal<
79 I per bushel, f o. b. If in lots of four bushelsor and Alabama Cloud. Stron
I ; rain, 0.37.Cronk. pieces out to great advantage other over $2. 25 per bushel. P.' F. Wilson, Seeds- well-rooted plants. Good packing guarantee

I DeSoto-The low lands too wet for food that may be scant or poor, and man, Gainesville. Fla. 8-24-2 II.SQper 1,000, f. o. b. R, Puddy, Lawtey,7-20-4 Fla.

I potatoes. Orange trees are making a while especially agreeable to all stock, FOIl SALE. Two Leon county farms, 480 acres
Excellent fo stock raising and
fine growth, and pineapples are doing i it will make poorly-nourished cows tobacco 390 growing.acres. W. B. Clarkson,Jacksonville, STRAWBERRY PLANTS Alabama Newnan

fairly well. Avon Park.Thacher. practically double their milk in quan- Fla. 8-24-tf Good strong, healthy plant
$2.ooper looo. Special rates on lots or ove
NOTE-The director wishes to urge tity and quality. In fact, I have never IF YOU.WANT EGGS feed your hens Boil d Address Daveny & Kimbell, Lawtey, Fla. 6-29-!

all correspondents to report, and mail seen a Kansas farmer so well fixed thata Beef and Bone. Will make them lay while

the same to reach the central office good piece of rye pasture was not a Jacques moulting.Prop.Only,' Island$2.25 per Poultry loo Yards pounds., Fernan-C. H. nPlLGHMAN'S* make stock eat CONDITION and grow fat.POWDERS Given as wil a)

Monday night. Correspondents in genuine bonanza to him. There diua, Fla. 8-24-41 drench to stock that will not eat. Sample package .

the cotton section will report fully the never has been a season in all the FOR SALE. A Pitcher Pump with fourteen((14)) Fla.by mail 35 cents. W.G. Tilghman, Palatka 6-29-20 ]

condition of this crop, as the director central West when something of that of i# inch pipe, $5.00. Delivered in
Jacksonville. M, Chesebro, Plummers, Fla. For Choice Propertie
desires special information in that line.A. sort was more of a comfort to its pos 8-17-4 BARGAINS which must be sold at i

J. MITCHELL, Observer, sessor than it will likely be within the sacrifice. On the St Pe

Weather Bureau Director, next nine months. 500 000 Alabama Newnans and Alabama the Sicily of Florida;at tersburg Orlando, a sub-peninsula situation un
......... clouds. Admitted by all who
---- ---- surpassed in the State for its charming combina
Hence, I would say to every farmer have seen them to be the best Strawberry Plantsin tion of orange groves and lakes and at Orang
Pineapples at Pabor Lake. who reads this, do not (fail to sow, and the place. Price $1.25 per 1000, f. o b. B. Lake the heart of Florida's Citrus; region.
Padgett, Lawtey, Fla. 8.17-tf
Address the Editor of this ,
The pineapple seems to be a fruitso sow early, (in fact just as soon as the Florida. paper

well suited to certain sections of ground can be put in proper condition NEW JAPAN PLUM BUDS. White Kelsey,
,Mikado Weeping Blood Plum, Unknown IRRIGATED GROVE. 100 acres, 10 years set
South Florida, that it is assuming the ) a goodly area of rye for pasture.Don't Furugiya, Hatankyo, Wasse Sumomo, :50 in other fruit trees, etc.
Yone Momo, Wasse 'Botankyo, Nagate-No-Bo- For sale at a sacrifice. Address "1"," The Palms
prominence heretofore given the or- sow it for grain, but for pasturage -: tonyo, Sagetsuna, Honsmomo, Wassu Hytau Lane Park, Lake County, Fla. 4 2;-9m
ange. For ten or twelve years it has ; make the most of it for grazing Kayo. ,The best lot ever imported. Write for
prices of buds or trees. Seed of Citrus Trifoliata ANY ONE who has been benefited by the
been grown extensively on the lower and if eventually it also yields some ready in September at $1 per pound in the hull use of Dr William's Pink Pills will write to
Seed of Cassabanna (Benincasa Cerifera) ready THE FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER, they will re-
Keys and up the Indian river country, grain worth harvesting, well and good.If in November at 50 cents for 20 seed, J. L. Nor- ceive information that will be of much value and

and it was supposed that these sections you can't secure the seed readily, mand, Marksville, La. 817.6 interest to them.

limited in extent, were the only sow wheat just as you would rye, if it CITRUS NURSERY TREES AND BUDWOOD MAKE HENS LAY-There is nothing likeBowker's

places where the fruit in the is not a plump, high-grade article that Parson Brown Stark's Seedless, Animal Meal. 40 tons sold in Florida -
grown Jaffa, Tangerine, King, Tardiff, Grape Fruit, last year. Hundreds of testimonials. .For
open air.could be profitably raised. will cut but small figure, if sound. If Villa Franca Lemons' and other varieties, particulars, write E. W. Amsden, Ormond, Fla.
of small such as Nonpareil, Majorca, St. Michael, io-13-tf
But within' the last three or four or shrunken berry, I would Malta Blood and Centennial. Address, A. L.

years it has been found that the sand not sow less than five pecks to the Duncan, Manager, Milwaukee Groves and Nurseries FOR SALE for cash,time or trade,orange groves,
and timber lands. E. RUMLEY Keuka
Dunedin Fla. ,
k L, :.- hill country in the belt of lakes stretch acre; if plump, a bushel and a half 8.17-tf Fla. 3-n-i6t

;:' -:,' ing from Bartow south to Lake' Okee- would be none too much; at all eventsuse BAHAMAS. A few persons wanted to join a STRAWBERRIES The
} to the Bahamas. Capital required PLANT Strawberry
chobee, can grow the pineapple as a plenty, and don't be afraid of /soo to .jCijooQ Address "Britisher will be greatly over done next year,
Lane Park, Fla. 8.174WILL and only those who plant under the best conditions
easily and as successfully as the Keysor having too many acres. I haven'tdiscovered will make a profit. Lawtey berries are

Indian river lands. This being es anything that was a better quoted in the New York Price Current this
SELL LOW, or trade for Florida acre- week 35 to 45 cents; from all other parts of the
tablished, it enlarges the area of pos regulator for the pigs, the colts, the winter home at Avon Park, and California State, 25 to 35 cents. Lands for sale or rent at]
land. Small amount down. SIIAW, 241 reasonable rates. J{. G. Hill, Lawtey, Fla.
the old blind
sible. plantations to such an extent cows, or mare than a i6th Street, Brooklyn, N, Y. 8-17-3 V4-tf) |



If f

.. '"

I 'r

I 1895. Tfifl FLORIDA FARMEfc. AND NRtTI -attoWEf. 543

:. SAVANNAH LINE The Clyde Steamship Co.



r 48 to 55 hours between Savannah, New York and Philadelphia, and
i 65 to 70 hours between Savannah and Boston. FLORID .


1 The magnificent Steamships of this Line are appointed

..;. to sail as follows, calling at Charleston, S. C.,

". Both ways :
: From New York. From Jacksonville,
'.... (Pier 2Q. n. R.) STEAMER Florida.
I Friday, JUlr 26th, at 3 pm...... ." "IROQUOIS" .........Thursday, Aug. ist, at 2:00: pm
.. Tuesday, 30th, at 3 p m.......... "CHEROKEE" .... ....Sunday, 4th, at 4:00am:
I' .. Friday, Aug. 2nd, at 3 pm........... "SEMINOLE"....... .Thursday, 8th, at 6:00: am
t Tuesday, 6th,at 3 p m........... "IROQUOIS"...,.......Sunday, nth, at 8ooa: m
Friday, 9th, at 3 p m........... "ALGONQUIN". .....Thursday, 15th, at 11:30 a m
; Tuesday, isth, atjpm ......."CHEROKEE".... .... Sunday 18th, at 2oopm;
Friday, i6th at3 p m............. "IROQUOIS"...... ......Thursday, 22d, at 6:00: am
; G. ivr.. 5012I2EI 1\.Ia.t:1a.. Tuesday ". 20th. at3 p m.......... "ALGONQUIN"........... Sunday 25th, at 8:00: am
: er. Friday, 23rd,at 3 p m....... ......"SEMINOUJ"..........Thursday, 29th, at 12.00 n'n
r. Monday; 26th, atspm.......... "CHEROKEE"...........Sunday, Sept. ist, at 1.30pm
r ., pa.a..ae Ha..te.: I Wednesday, 28th, at 3 p m...... .... ...."IROQUOIS"..........Tuesday 3d, at '4.00 am
,, Friday, 30th, at 3 p m ........ "ALGONQUIN".........Thursday, 5th, at. 5:00am:
Between Jacksonville and New York: First-class, $25.00;.Intermediate, $19.00; Excursion, 843.30;
- Steerage, $12.50. -

t' ,Jacksonville and Boston or Philadelphia: Cabin, $27.00; Intermediate, $21.00; Excursion $47.30 ;
:' Steerage $14.22. The magnificent Steamships of this Company are appointed to sail as follows:
. Philadelphia, ,Charleston and Jacksonville Line.

_ (Central or goO Meridian Time.) .eo .. .. _. .. . .
For tile present and until further notice Steamer ""YJEMASS-EJfi"; ::; is intended to
'. Tallahassee. .. ......................... ........................ .... Sunday, July 28, 10.30a. m. ,
. City of Augusta... ... .................................... ....... .. Tuesday, July 30, 12.30 p.m. sail from PHILADELPHIA for CHARLESTON, Wednesdays, and from
. City Birmingham ..................... .................. ........ Friday, Aug. 2, 2.30p.m.
Nacoochee ..... ............... .......... .................. ........... Sunday, Aug. 4, 5.00 a. m. CHARLESTON for PHILADELPHIA, Sundays. Close connection made at
t Tallahassee..... ......................... ................. .... .....Tuesday, Aug. 6, 6.00pm. Charleston with Clyde Florida Steamers for business to and from Jacksonville and
'; City of Augusta.......... ............................. .... .. .... .... Friday, Aug. 9, 8.ooa.m. ,
City of Birmingham ............ ... ...... ........ .......... Sunday, Aug. II, 9.C'loa.m. all Florida points. Also, Philadelphia and interior points via Philadelphia.
f Nacoochee......... ......... ............... ............ .............Tuesday, Aug. 13, 10.303. m.
Tallahassee... .................... .......................... .........Friday, Aug. 16, 2 00 p. m.
.: City of Augusta.... ... .... ................ .. ............. ......Sunday, Aug. 18, i.oop.m.
City of Birmingham .....................-............ .............. Tuesday, Aug. 20, 5.oop. m.
, Nacoochee ............. ............................. ... ...... .......Friday, Aug. 23, 7 30 a. m. 1 1ST.
Tallahassee....... .................... ............ ................. Sunday, Aug. 25, 9.00 a. m. : RIV'R: : .
- City of Augusta.......... ..... ............ ... ............ .....Tuesday, Aug. 27 11.00a. m. J"OIIN"S
,- City of Birmingham..... ... ..... .... .... ...... ........... ... Friday, Aug. 30, 2.00 p. m.

Chattahoochee. .............. .. ............. .... .......... ........TuSdayuly30, 12.30p.m.
Gate City....... .................. ........ ............ ............ ....Sunday, Aug. 4, 5.00a.m. For Sanford, Enterprise and Intermediate Points on
City of Macon ........................ ..... ................ ....... .Thursday, Aug. 8, 7.00 a. m. the St. Johns River.
Chattahoochee.................. ... .;.......... ........ .... ... ......Tuesday, AUK. 13, 10.308. m.
Gate City................................ .... ........... ...... ........ Sunday, Aug. 18, i.oop.m:
City of Macon.........................._..... ....... ............Thursday, Aug. 22, 7.00 p. m.
i Chattahoochee .................:'_.... ..,....... ..... ................: Tuesday, Aug. 27, ii.ooa.m.


c... (These Ships do NOT Carry Passengers.) .

DeMgoug................... .... ................. ............. ....Thursday, Aug. i, 2.00 p. m. Capt. W. A. SHAW
Dessoug.... .,.......... ................................ ........ .... Saturday, Aug. 10, 8.00 a. uiDeggong Is to sail from Jacksonville and Saturdays 'at '5:00
....... .................................. ....... ...... Tuesday, Aug. 20, 5.00 p. in'Ueggong appointed Tnesdays : p. m.,
.... ................................. ............. .......... .... Friday, Aug. 30, 2.00 p. m'] and returning leave Sanford Mondays, and Thursdays at 5 a. m.

THESE General Passenger and Ticket Office, 204, West Bay St., Jacksonville

Connect at Savannah with Central Railroad of Georgia Savannah, Florida & Western Railway,
Florida Central & Peninsular Railroad.
,1 Bills of and Checks to all points North and East. See A. J. COLE, Passenger Agent 5 Bowling Green, New York.
Lading Tickets
Through Baggage your .
. M. H. CLYDE, Assistant Traffic Manager, 5 Bow ing Green, New York.D.
ticket write for to
nearest agent or Freight or Passage D. C. MINK General Freight Agent. 12 fOe Delaware avenue, Philadelphia, Pa.
J G. F. & P. New Pier N. R., New York.
J. P. BECKWITH, Agent, 35 .
THEO. G. EGEIt, Traffic Manager, 5 Bowling Gteen, New York.
R. L. WALKER Agent, C. G.ANDERSON, Agent IRONMONGER, Jr., Florida West St.
F. M. Passenger Agent 204 Bay Jacksonville, Fla.
Savannah Ga.
Pier North River New York. Exchange Building, ,
New No.35, City foot -
Florida Street
& JOHN L. HOWARD Freight Agent Hogan ,Jacksonville Fla.
Wharf Boston
L RICHARDSON BARNARD,Agents, Lewis' J. A. LESLIE, Superintendent, foot Hogan Street,Jacksonville. Fla..
.' W. I,.JAMES, Agent, 13 S.Third Street, Philadelphia.W. .
H. RHETT, Gen'l Agt. C. R. R., 317 Broadway, New York.
'... J. D. HASHAGEN, Eastern Agent Sav., Fla. & Western Ry. Co., 261 Broadway N, Y. WM. P. CLYDE & CO., Gen'1Agents,
.. J.I,. ADAMS, Gen'l East. Agt. F. C. & P. R. R., A. DeW. SAMPSON, General Agent _
. 353 Broadway, New York. 306 Washington st., Boston.W. 12 South Delaware Avenue, Philadelphia. 5 Bowling Green, New York.W. .
J. FARRELL Soliciting Agent. W. E. ARNOLD Gen. Trav. Pass. Agt.,
WAITER HAWKINS, Fla. Pass. Agent,
, New Office, 224 West Bay Street, Jacksonville.. -


AJ30U'r"THELOWER Grain Garden Seeds and Fertilizers,



, RIVER. OF We Handle Only the Best and''Most Reliable Seeds. A Comple Stock of .

BAY BISCAYNE. DADE." Hay, Corn, Oats, Flour, Bran, Wheat, Grits, Meal,

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Published at West Palm Beach,is'the official paper of Dade; is the Recognized Exponent of the Re- TugBrt-Illen Fertilizer Bo. A NITRATE SODA
sources, Attractions and Advantages of that Wonderful Region-The Mecca of the Home Seeker, ,
the Trucker, the Fruit Grower and the.Investor. *
Published in this territory every Thursday since February 21st, 1887, this publication is recog- Star Brand Fertilizers *qmfr MURIATE OF POTASH
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country's development and its future. In short TilE TROPICAL SUN is the Paper of Dade.

An Eight Page; All- Home Print, Weeklu Publication ,
Orange Tree and Vegetable[ Etc
Subscribe for it and keep posted on the Coming Section of Florida. ,
! Terms-$2 for One Year; !$1 for Six Months. Address, FERTILIZER. ,.
'rROPICAL SUN, These Fertilizers have no superior in the market and a trial will convince/ .".
West Palm lloacli, Fla. Send for Catalogue free. -




--- or,- -, .'---,




State Agricultural College YOUR


:HOM1i : :


regular courses Agricultural, Mechanical -
U. S. Cook Stove Drier.
Latin-Scientific, Women's,equiv- i p
alent in studies and honor. Graduates
of Latin-Scientific length course receive degree of A. B.; Shortest (Quickest; 1I Lost Attractive
of other courses,degree of B. S. ,
A one year's Business Course giving thor- 0
ough instruction in Commercial twArithmetic, OtJTE:
Penmanship and Book-Keeping. of Dollars Worth
A year's course in Stenography, TypeWriting BETWEEN 'I Usov .u.s:' Hundreds
and Telegraphy, fitting students for business. FLORIDA POINTS AND THE NORTH took trrN oa aMTWTNAV.5.90

proficiency.Graduates of these- courses receive. certificates of THE PAT NOV.5.A0. of Frilit Can tie Saued

A course in Plano Music has been added Florida Central and PeninsularNEW
under an associate of the Toronto Conservatoryof with this
Music, giving best facilities to'students of the MachineEueru
Piano, at a reasonable charge. THROUGH ROUTES.
Military Instruction under a graduate of New York to Jacksonville by Year '
West Point. The young men are under Military New Florida Pennsylvania 11. R to Wash- ,
Discipline' similar to West Point The and ington Southern Railway: to ;
College Physician attends all students without Northern Columbia, Flor'da Central & O 1
charge. Lake City is one of the healthiest placesin Air Line. Peninsular to all principal 1
America. High Pine Land. Pure Water. In
points In Florida.
To meet the"demand for a Small, Cheap,
eleven years there has not been a death at the
College. All courses are open to women. Stu- Cincinnati Cincinnati Queen & Crescent to Jacksonville to Chatta-by Drier, suitable for use on any Ordinary Cook,
dents not prepared for the Freshman class can
enter the Preparatory Department.To and }nooga Southern Il'y to Ever- Oil or Gasoline Stove, we now offer the
Florida Florida Central & Peninsular i
all students from Florida tuition is Free in ette, -
all departments except Piano Music. Music Limited. to all important Florida { f above. It is very Simple, Economical, Efficient -

students a reasonable charge. Students. points. I !iiIii/
pay / and Convenient, and for Farmers' Use
from'other States pay$20 a year tuition music I Kansas Kansas City, Fort Scott &
extra. Young men board in the Mess Hall at$io I and City Memphis It.K.to Kansas Just What is Wanted, and'we believe The
a month. Young women board with families in Jackao'villeThro' }to Birmingham, Southern U'y
town at$10 to$15 a month. College year begins Line to Everette, Fla. Central & Cheapest and Best Little Drier'of, its class on
September, 30, 1895. Peninsular to all Fla. points. the Market.
For catalogues address St. Louis to Jacksonville by

O. CLUTE' PRESIDENT, Holly Sp'gs}Illinois Cairo Short Central Line to to Holly Du Quoin Sp'gs,, $8.50 IN VALUE FOR' $5.00

LAKE CITY, FLA. no ute. Kansas City, Memphis & Birmingham -
.,'! J to Birmingham,Sou. Through a special arrangement we are enabled to offer the U. S. COOK STOVE DRIER, the
Il'y to Everette and F. C. & P.
regular price of which is $7, for only $5, together wtih a YEAR'S SUBSCRIPTION TO THE
Sioux City'& Chicago to Jacksonville -

JOHN B. STETSON UNIVERSITY, "Holly Sp'gs}Sp'gs K.! ,111.0. M.Cent.& B.to to HollyNew Birnlingham FARMER To any one AND sending FRUIT a Club,GROWER of 6 Yearly,Subscribers regular price to$2.00.the FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER at

l..au t e. Sou. R'y to Ever-' $2 each or 4 Subscribers and $2 in Money, we will send one of the Driers Free.
Subscribers in a club who wish to take advantage of any book premiums or others offered to
:DELAND FLORIDA.For ette and the F. C. & P.
subscribers count the same as those taking the FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER only.
Louis'ille & Nash'ille to River Mr. Thomas Patten,of Glen St. Mary, Fla, has used this Drier, .and writes : "It does good work
both Normal School
sexes College, Orleans Junction. F. C. & P. only for the cost of it." '
Academy, Art School and Conservatory of Music, To }route with through sleepersJackso'vllle
An institution of first rank. Faculty of twenty between New Orleans and TO TI E J4ADIES

teachers. Seven elegant buildings, heated by Jacksonville.The of the Household in Town or Country. It is a little Gold Mine. Thousands of careful, prudent
steam lighted by electricity. Hot and cold water
household managers, who have no time 'nor necessity to engage in evaporating fruit for marketas
Department F. C. & P. has 700 miles of track! in
baths. Thoroughly equipped gymnasium. -
a business, but who have frequent use for just such an article as this for making smaller -
of Physical Culture, with Military Drill Florida running through the of dried fruit,.berries and for their .quantities'
Tobacco vegetables own use or for sale;will find it the most satis-
for young men.with all Library of 6,000 volumes.and Read- Stock Melons farming, and Dairy Section, factory and profitable investment they could make A lady can easily lift it on and of the stove,
ing room, leading periodicals daily
it but
as about It has
Peach and Strawberry Lands, weighs Twenty interchangable galvanized wire cloth trays,
and weekly papers. Thoroughly equipped which will not rust discolor the fruit etc. and will
chemical and physical laboratories. Separate Orange, Banana and Pineapple Country or last for years, It is made of Iron, except
buildings for Music and Art Schools, with artistsof Phosphate Belt. tray for frames this and 'supports. Can be used for broiling beef steak" fish, etc., using but the lower

established reputation in ,charge. Opens Has the Silver Spring and tray Address purpose all orders
October 2. Send for catalogue giving futt;information Other fine Scenery.
to The Great Hunting Country. toFARMER
JOHN F. FORBES Readies the Noted fishing Grounds FRUIT GROWER
President. Has the best lands for tillage greatest vari- ,
ety of soils in the State, and above all Juol sor.L: J.IIe, FIo1..ida.

Runs over the Central Rldgeland
>..d23S Where It Is High and Healthy. .
SEfi i Prosperous towns fill its route and it offers
5 > the best freight facilities for any produce to W H V ?
2 the Northern markets. Send for the popular
iir sgia 80ng-

j.2 I 9cw with Its spirited words and beautiful music Go on "Niggering the Corn off the Cob, Blistering your Hands and

descriptive of an actual Florida Hoi...e, and
o fl *cj ?o which is gotten up in elegant style-Six pagesof Wearing Buy a"CYCLONE"
2 2rt3to''QfeP full sized best mu .paper,containing alsoa
picture of a home In :Florida! and a hunting
< |wr JXnss.Ss ? scene. It is mailed on receipt of 10 cents (in CORN SHELLER.
ggi stamps, to pay expense of distribution.)) -I
Send also for the best of Florida (sen II
w j LjLt3oW i ; bdc. ( free) and note the towns map route.A.O.MAODONELL.O.P.A. I

Jacksonville, Fla. SHOULD HAVE ONE. \

1 { alb Qax"bhp
L The Fla. Cent. & Peninsular R. R. IiHli? 11 11I8 I

It is fully warranted against breaking or get !
C .. Offers to Shippers: 'Il lI ting out of order by any fair usage.

,- M .V The Shortest and Quickest Route It takes less power to do the same amount of I
P 4Nt work than any other machine of its size ever ;
FLORIDA AND ALL POINTS IN There is no time lost after you are through
THE EAST AND WEST. shelling by picking the cobs out of the shelled
corn, as the machine takes the corn all off the
With Improved Ventilated Cars, this com-I cob, drops the corn in the box or basket takes
*"< gnpg| is better equipped than ever ever to the cob on around and throws'it off at the back.
the Orange and Vegetable Crops, and a little with it
LeaveDoubtful practice you can easily shell
insure close connections and prompt despatch ,. : oneBy bushel of oars in about 4 minutes or less.
to all Eastern and Western Markets.
Seeds alone. The I best The shelter is small but it will do the work of
Through, oars to destination without

a larger machine.
and cost
are easy to get, .. .
more. Ask your .dealer for change or delay. f. '- The spring can be adjusted to any tension required -
Perishable freight followed by wire and and can be loosened when not in use, thus
FERRY'SSEEDS shippers advised time passing various Junction avoiding any chance of its giving out.
and arrival at destination.
points A shelter wrench accompanies machine.
All claims for overcharges and loss prompt- every

adjusted.See that goods are markedvia The manufacturer of this machine is rated in the Commercial Agencies at $125,000 and is
your personally known to the Editor to be a responsible man. The
Always the best. Known F. C. & P. R. R.

everywhere. Ferry' Seed For information call on or address the undersigned CVCLONE, CORN SHELLER
1895 tells
Annual for you :
what how, and when to plant. 50. E. TAYLOR, Trav. A'gt Ocala, Fla. is not a worthless claptrap affair, but has genuine merit.
Sent Free. Get it. AddressD. W. B. TUCKER Gen. A'g4, Orlando, Fla.EG. Retail price $3.00. Given with the paper one year for $4,00 or as a premium for three new
M. PERRY& CO., M. HOLDEN, Trav. !gt Leesburg Fla subscribers at $2.00 each. Address all orders to
Detroit, Mich. W. 11. FULLER, Trav. A'tpt Tampa Fla.OrN.S. .
Jacksonville, Fla.
W, H. PLEASANTS, General Freight Agt I ,, JEl..oI SCU1'V.1IIe, I'1ci.

_ri" 4,." .-...'-.:.i'f'......_ )_ _