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UFPKY NEH LSTA SLAF



Florida farmer & fruit grower
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Full Citation
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055765/00337
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: S. Powers
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: July 6, 1895
Frequency: weekly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note: Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038466
oclc - 01387403
notis - AKM6256
lccn - sn 95026761
System ID: UF00055765:00337
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen

Full Text
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FLORIDA FAR M : :,-


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WITH WHICH IS INCORPORATED, "THE FLORIDA. DISPATCH.
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S. Powers, Publisher and Proprietor. JACKSONVILLE: J ., FLA.. ,;.: JULY' ''13, 1895. Whole No. 1370 V NEW I SERIESBATTERSON .

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... J_ ." ", _
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.1 : ':' FLORIDA FRUIT;: AND VEGETABLE GROWERS' ASSOCIATION.

E & GO.AGENTS E RELIABLE COMMISSION MERCHANTS, 167 & 169 SCOTT ;,-. \
:
,' BUFFALO) N. Y. SHIP POTATOES, CABBAGE AND WATERMELONS ONLY. }


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W. C. WH,!,. ESTABLISHED 1876. .A. F.JONES. RIiADt READS! 1 J3 ADlTS.e

'sWILL ."IA'<.. T. t> teC: ,.. */.
.J' ... ..
-WRITE TO THE -



A JONES. L.: 6. Darling Fertilizer Co.,



'"58" & 60 WEST, MARKET 'ST. 119 it 123 MICHIGAN ST.,

JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA, -

BUFFALO, N. Y..
,; If you are in need of any Fertilizer or Fertilizer Material and get their
'
Special Low Prices for Cash with Order.

WHOLESALE Afro VEGETABLES. '
FRUITS DON'T* JMISS!

This opportunity of a lifetime to obtain Fertilizers at about cost to the manufacturer.Office .
.{''J't' \3' .
: ; and Warehouse Rear of 26 West Bay St.,on river front, midway bet. Main and Laura Sts.
Correspondence invited and ,fetendls"furnished. application; Reliable agents wanted at
.. all principal shipping points if .-s ? "J 1 -' 'f '0r Rend. ",foVPoeliet, .Memoranda:. ,Book.OIRN ,
: $ .
..,..' .. .." -RnF 'Q.nNC1tS...: ..:".,;.. ...: .:.i'Ir .......... ,.:,.",.,,,,...,,. I." ..,. to '
,.i...1'...-.L...........> ..... J. ,.'fi&'I'" -.t.. .. --":--'"" ...1t'o-I >n.'IOJiJIfr: f''jj'' '.." _vl.... ... 'i.. :' QcE ( GROWERS; ,.1
9; Natlonal'Battk or JackSonville. ; It1a.1Qi .Comnier'ce, ..Bu1I'a 0,'N;Y., Dan's and Brad- ,, .' *. T'lt..... caUFORtUA'SUDS
.. . ... ,: .
: ;
:;k H a ; '+ ; "nr "" i;, "' ,. w r
: :: 'street's A ::
fETENT : ,
I'O N!
t' .
"" :..
FOR SUMMER PLANTING.
f .. S POSTPAID.'

An exceedingly large Stock'of Desirable r Plants)':mostly Pot-gTowlt. are Safe Arrival and Satisfaction Guaranteed.V .
G best set during Summer. We have everything. of value.you. may need I am able to supply you with Orange and Lemon; '
1 bud wood of standard varieties, such as
R I ETI I ES
Homosassa Jaffa,
i : Dancy
,Q g'g Q A'ICe LO ;PR !t ,g. ""l ,g:. HART'S TARDIFF Tangerine. Hart's Tardiff (or Valencia Late), St.
MAJORCA, Michael, Ruby and Malta! Bloods. W. Navel
,. Special attention called to Tropical and Semi-Tropical Fruits/'Camphor, JtUItY. Med. Sweet SATSUMA, Mandarin, Magnum
0 4'a p Cinnamon, Sisal Hemp, Palms, Surinam Cherry Grevillas, Ornamental JAFFA.. Bonum and Malta Oval Oranges.
Trees, Shrubs, Vines,Aquatics, etc, etc. Everything for,Florida ,
Special low rates for quantities. Catalogue free.REASONER. f SANFORD'S.MEDITERRANEAY, Orders Must be for 500 or More Each of

BROS., Oneco, Fla. ''MAL'X J3LOOD. Last Two Varieties.Tne .
MED. SWEET, .
ST. MICHAEL, true Lisbon Lemon. Villa Franca, Eureka
,An Immeps4 stock,of, j DANCY TANGERINE, Royal Messina Belair Premium Everbearing ;
CHINA MANDARIN, Etc., and Imported Sicily Lemons.A .
WE E HAVE E HEALTHY POT-GROWN Guavas, Eugenlas, At the following prices;
few Pomelo Buds $1 per 100, $4.50
Camphors, Palms, Gardenias, Olea Fragrans,
Magnolia Fuscata, and thousands of other 1000, $5,00; 3000. $12.00; 6000 $20.00. per 1,000, $1O per 3.OOO, $2O per.

desirable plants, trees and shrubs adapted all parts of Florida. Write CASH WITH ORDER. 7,000. GASH WITH OIlDKIl.:

for our prices. BERCKMANS ''In Lemons. Lisbon,'Villa Franca, Eureka, at Can Give Best of Reference Both in
P. J.
same prices.
California and Florida.
FRUITLAND ,NURSERIES, Augusta,:Georgia. .>Buds delivered without further cost to' you and
;
'guaranteed to arrive in fine order. Orders
CITRUS TREES, OLIVES
PALMS AND
booked now for June delivery; Address,

MAKE HAY AND FORAGE.:; C. S. BURGESS, DECIDUOUS; TRESS, FOR SALE

Riverside. Nurseries Address : ,
Riverside Cal. I. H. CAM MACK, .

TEOSINTE. Packet 10 cents i ounce 15 cents; pound $1-50. postpaid. ( ? Reference.-Orange Growers' Bank Riverside, Whittier, California.Cut .
PEARL MILLET. Pound 35 cents;pounds $1.25 post paid. 10 pound'lots or"above by ex- Cal. Florida reference given wanted [ this out for Reference.]
,press or freight not prepaid cents per pound; '. .
KAFFIR CORN AND BRANCHING SORGHUM., Pound 30 cents. ; 4. pounds, $1.00 postpaid. ; .
10 pound lots or above not prepaid 15 cents per pound.. :: J ''' '' f, '. .. 'rimRMRR8OH ,
EARLY ORANGE AND EARLY AMBERSORGHUM. .Pound 25 cent; 4 pounds 90 cents
postpaid. 10 pound lots or above not prepaid 12 cents per pound. "- 100,000I"
!SPANISH PEANUTS. Pound, postpaid, 30 cents; peck: 75 centsbushel; ,$2.50 not prepaid. } IflffifflBLH

0'0. 'S li ol EDSM N. \
H. G. HASTINGS dic ,

Catalogue free .. J Intetr/aOhen's/ ; F'o'pldiEU'SATS ,| Dozen Pineapple( Plariis FEED, WORKSfor


t Saw Mills has lately been improved andIs
LIMA! TRI ED U ATA absolutely perfect. Simple, sensitive, dura-
FOR SALE. ble and cheap. Very quick -
(Ii-.1.. abCr s L-auioguo air 18,4-95,recounts ij year experience with the earyprouucuv.and hardy oatsuma orange,.._. ..
the vigorous Citrus trifoliata,which, 'without protection stands the winters,as far northaa Washtnaton;unin .j.and BACK
GIG MOTION.Variable .
'ORANGESPOMELQaCITRUS.I .--I
to extent and in '
I I : any a great measure
.
iu variety,on potn orange anTtrffouata stocks. Over varieties" otteredfor Florida chestnuts "Couth,Iqclud in_ varies automatically. The easiest and t-afest of
"'apes,apricots' ,olives,mulberries,pomegranates,almonfs,pecans,Janan walnuts' ,Japan ,kymquats,. all feeds to handle and the easiest of all to
r&rn r> 11 rr mi: U Mesting r* n Y"m n,r? ; Kir, CAN 'BE DELIVERED IN AUGUST. apply.

Ot varieties in e"""en and prouud..maintained 1' n. .lSrA. has Can be Put on any Mill in a Few Hours.
been a leading feature of businessortldrteenyears,and has amply repaid the outlay la polnformattonQorded.'Guided
"results obtained in our own rose aardenswe! have selected,and offer,as especially well adapted to thecllmata of this! reeion. We will gladly loan free of charge for thirty
days to all good mill men, or will give six weeksto
O .' For further Information write the first to apply from each county,
'J 0'i i J 1 r ,:II ,I
annualandhorticulturaTliaud-bpokTfreeT accuri'te.artistic For further particulars to the
Handsomeeo-page, rust grower s Fullanucorrectdescriptions j 40 apply ,
,
Illustrations J recent results with leading sorts l latest p.actJccanabeJtQJCthodI In andmaaaffemeoU Send to JOHN M.,GRIFFItf,
O. Ii. TABEn. Qlen Bt MarvvPla for new edltlorf(enforced and rewritten throughout)of the Catal Governor's Harbor,
J. \v. 1 EMERSON

Eleuthera, Bahamas, Apopka, Fla. Manager,



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434 ,
THE: 'fltOKlDA'' : FARMER AND
FRUIT-GROWER.!: .
-. ,I, '-" JULY 13.,


FE.rI'L'IZE: S. -


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INDIAN BRANDS-These fertilizers contain the elements of plant life in their '
natural state \
the nice hand of Nature has manufactured them just a
from the
plants themselves
cially with dangerous acids and alkalies. not combined artifi .
They
produce
area good immediate results, and at the same time
source of future
available
fertility to the soil.
They are
compounded according to formulas
proved the ap-
by experience and observation of twenty years.

HIGH GRADE

i Fruit and Vine Fertilizer.ORANGE TREE MANURE. COMPLETE

+ tN i y ,q .. Ammonia.. ....... .............:...:.......Per. cent' .. Per cent. Garden Truck Fertilizer.
", p ,' = ( '. ,. '---- Avail. Phos. Acid........... ........... 6 3 to to 8 4 Avail.Ammonia Phos............ .............. .... 5 to 6 Ammonia. ............ ..... ........ Percent to
iii 1 Acid Soluble Phos. Acid... .. .......... Acid.,7 to 5.25
r : 2 to 9 Available .... .... z5
Phosphoric
Acid
4fi'i' Total Phos. ......... ... 3 Acid Soluble Phos. Acid ... .... .... to 9.00
11i Acid ........... 8 ? 2 to 3 Insoluble
to Total Phosphoric Acid..........
f Actual ... ... 10 Phos. Acid. .. .:.. ........ .... i.oo to
Potash. 2.50
J% ; ............ 10 to 12 Actual Potash............... .......... 3jyto4 10 to 12 Total Phosphoric Acid............. 9.00 to 11.00
..
In ''" ,\\0 P Ir'1i1tc Potash(actual) .. .. .......... 6.50 to 7.50
i Pure r4.4k u :. Ammonia...:,.. .... GROUND: BONE
,4to5 perct.. | Phosphoric Acid..... ,.....
20 to 21 ct.
per |
Animal' ': Equal to Bone Phosphate...... 44 to 46 per ct.

Matter'Fertilizers. IMPERIAL PLOWS, HARROWS AND CULTIVATORS.

.
Made of the best material
by skilled
mechanics
according the
IMPERIAL latest
j approved designs. The most economical, because the strongest
Spring i :Tooth lever Cultivator and most durable.

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PRICE, 7'.Teeth$8.00.This -
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III I h Illllllllllhll I li -,
VI I I -
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.
implement is in all .... .
very popular fruit-growing districts _
tobacco and corn culture add for truck farminghas ; apple! peach, orange groves: :' ; '
no equal. Made with "
teeth. Easily adjusted for depth with lever from rear. Unloads seven or eight spring 'A. ;1; 'I1 :
ize+ the trash readily ; stirs and pulver-' .' _'1'14 : IMPERIAL ,PLOWS.
? ground '
thoroughly. Made of steel and malleable, iron; finished 1iI! .
.
,;satisfaction-. ,wherever...,used, Adjusted. for. depth:,/***; r.4' .. o. nicely.. ,and- bound. to give* fcNo.'io.: "'Chilled, weight 80,Ibs.....,, .$ .
No.
,, '
_
r/' 1 < } .. '-"** .'' *ji I f .' ,,' :. ..' j, No_.:_ 8. .. '\" < 50 Ihs.. '_.. .... 6.9.00 I 9.. Chilled, weight 65 lbs:., .....,.....$$7-00: :>_
1 00 No. "
-......... .0-:'-: .' : '" 01". 5 46 Ibs............. 5.....
v
The teeth 8% inches long and
f| inch
square, are fastened to the
cross bars
by
clamps, and
can be raised
or lowered to
any degree of cut, or taken out for resharpening.
The
U" shaped the cross bars are
lightest and strongest shape known for
a harrow bar, and are highly carbonized .
to add
stiffness and prevent bending or getting out of shape. A forward ",
movement of the handle
throws the teeth into
a horizontal
position, allowing the
rubbish to escape. Brackets
each corner turn down attached to 'I I
when the teeth
-T are out of the ground and make
transportation
t plowed ground easy. Three feet nine inch sections, four bars each. over uu- I

S Two One section, 24 teeth, % inch! cuts 3 feet 9 inches...... ........ ........$ 8.00.
.- .:---: sections, 48 teeth, fi inch, cuts 7 feet 6 inches.................... 15.00. .
These. prices include draw bars.

._._ .-_'__" ":
Send'for
complete catalogue and price lists of Fertilizers, Agricultural 'f
Hose, Pine Apple, Tomato and Berry Crates, etc. Implements, Pumps,
\ t
== -
L'' JB>. :BE-A.: .
IMPERIAL STEEL U" BAR LEVER HARROW.

j"aoksonvi11e, J'1a. '

.
State News. quence, replanting will :not 'be neces rewarded'u -
by a splendid
bearing <: fund in the
grov has
sary. Since about all the county a balance to
., nursery in short time. .
very -Leesburg Com its credit. To
'"
"
stock in the State was killed this fact mercial. appreciate this fact,
The older orange trees in this vicinity is an important one.-Sanford Chron one should remember that in 1883

i! which were believed to be alive icle.This On Tuesday there was on exhibition the county of Leon had outstanding

up among the larger limbs'of the tree condition of the orange trees at Mr. J. J. Mills' store the finest against her $71,500 in bonds alone,

for some distance from the trunk and, exists in almost every section of the I lot of melons ever seen in this county. and to reduce this to $20,000, on this

I which sprouted out, commenced sometime State except that below Bartow.Orlando There were thirteen melons, the largest date, not only reflects credit upon the

ago and have sinee continued to Sentinel. weighed' 5734 pounds and the small gentlemen who have this matter in

die back, has made it clearly evident Mr J. H. Richards one of est 40 pounds.. The combined weight hand, but it shows the healthy finan-

that 'in most cases the permanent most progressive citizens,, has our of (of the thirteen was 617 pounds, making cial condition of old,Leon and her

I growth must come from the main trunk the prettiest one l an average of 47 r2 pounds. They citizens, and we reserve the right to
' of the tree or from the ground the young orange groves in from proudly hurrah for the banner
1 as this part of the State. The trees when were. plucked volunteer vines, county
case may be. In places where sprouts killed down seemingly were about three and had no special fertilizing or atten of the,, globe.-Floridiall.

I : have come from the body of the tree, years old. These he cut off, and now tion. Six'' of these melons' were gathered Hon. Walton Whitehurst, of Sutherland -

near the ground, especially, they are they have come out, and the young at the same time from one vine, was in town yesterday and in

growing with great vigor and promise scions will average about from the six weighing 306 pounds, or 51 conversation with us remarked that

t to make bearing trees in three or four six to twenty-eight inches high twenty- pounds each average. Mr. R. Tay his orange trees were looking very.,
a
l i : years. Nearly all of the large ''trees feet,stand, and very green and, luxu-per- lor of Lake Garfield raised the melons, thrifty. He said he had been break-

I P that are not throwing out shoots from riant. He has just finished working and we, challenge the county or State. ing off some of the sap shoots lately

,:' the main trunk, and they are but few them out and fertilizing them, and it to beat this record.-Bartow Courier. and now and then broke a limb that

'": in number, are doing so from the does one good to see the bright had oranges on before he knew it.

ground. Trees that a month ago were for a good crop in the near prospects fu bonds The cancelled trustees of the Leon county The dry spell caused considerable

considered entirely dead are thus com ture. Mr. Richards is setting three more bonds yesterday oranges to drop off and he found as

ing up from the'roots, and as a consei example, and no doubt.. will be a amply good this, leaving the total indebtednessof many as thirty or forty under one
>> county, only $20, 00. Every tree.-West Coast Truth.
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: FLORIDA FARMER M! FRUIT-GROWER. $YEP





EAST OOAST NOTES::-I. a human being, but enough fish leapedout hundred ,miles long. The upper part I have been laid out through the scrub

.. of the lagoon to breakfast Jack I of it is wholly on the island and penin- and shelled a considerable in advanceof

t Editorial Correspondence. sonville. Far out in the water tall sula, east of the river;. the lower and the needs of the town. The housesare

')41 A noted speculator in Florida real cranes stood as erect and immovableas much the longer part of it is on the all of wood, spick-span new, I

.. estate is very partial to the "install-- if they had been driven down there west side of the river. The land tricked out with paint, and often comi- I

; r ment plan." He buys large tracts of by a pile-driver. These immense adapted to pines seems to cross the cally small, though renting almost at

land, has it sub divided, and then by savannas, marshes and open woods, river about in the latitude bf Fort Jacksonville prices, if not quite, con-

highly.colored "tropical-paradise" circulars will one day sustain large herds of Pierce, though there is an occasionalfield sidering their size. There is a neat

sells lots to impressible people, cattle, but we saw only one herd of as far north as Melbourne, and a little pocket edition of a bank, threeor i

who pay one installment down. The about a hundred head opposite the few forlorn hopes as far north as Titus four church organizations, a commodious !

enchantment passes away (it is human Haulover.We ville.From school-house, a well-built !

nature), and they never pay any more. ran out of a tremendous rain Fort Pierce down to West newspaper office, three small hotels, I

',' ; The lots revert, and may be sold over into Titusville and a broken sky. Thisis Palm Beach the fields on both sides of one of them floating, an ice factory !

.. ) again. a pretty town, straggling among the the railroad, say for sixty miles, if kept constantly running. A few fine :

Messrs. Flagler and Plant,buy a palmettoes_wand the pines and the stretched out in a row would touch horses and several not so fine were

great deal of Florida land and have ponds, with white shelled streets and each other the entire distance with seen; bicycles bowl along the white,

it sub-divided and sold, but not on almost every house bright with fresh probably some to spare. There are hard streets, jostling! the promenaders,

the "installment plan. The circulars paint. It is difficult to conceive of a intervals without any in sight; in other who mostly ignore the uncertain board

they issue are statements of facts, care- slovenly-looking'town on the banks of places the tram roads cross the railroadat sidewalks. On the lake little lively

fully collected. If they do not find Indian River. right angles reaching back out of craft are numerous in proportion to the

attractions enough they make, some. INDIAN RIVER. sight each one a shipping outlet for sparseness of horses on shore, actuallymore

one or more plantations.There numerous than they are in front
But they seem to find a good many, The Florida reader does not needto
are scores of fields and of Jacksonville. All this has
judging by the millions they are spend- be told that this is no river, but a grownup
patches newly set, nearly as many in from a single house in sixteen
who do
ing. To many people not see lagoon of brackish though clear water,
number as the old ones but mostly months.
Florida with the right kind of eyes, it (from a half-mile to five or six miles ,
smaller in area. They generally slope The the'Tropical Sun
is all a mystery The present journeywas wide in various newspaper, ,
places, lying parallel
writer gently back from the railroad, so that, is the best looking, and probably the
undertaken by the to see with the ocean from which it is
sepa- if it for the motion of the of interior ,
not
was most prosperous, our ex
what Mr. Flagler has found that justi The inland
rated by a narrow sand-spit. -
of cars, one could count every hill ,or changes.; Though published in a town :
fies, in his opinion, the expenditure country is the familiar flatwoods,
rods back. The which until
plant for'many rows recently, was tolerably
so much money. of which the pine trees are mostly so are straight, the fields are square and ."tough," it is clean, rejecting even

.: FROM: JACKSONVILLE SOUTHWARD short and scrubby as to be of little trim, there are no "lost corners," patent medicine advertisements

He surely found nothing (leavingout value flatwoods for lumber.reach clear In some down places the the patches abandoned to weeds and index of the high character of the per j I;

St. Augustine) except an occa to briars,,as one will see in the cotton manent.residents of this county. I

sional stretch of fertile:flatwoods, like water, but generally there intervenes fields.Georgia. In the newly set There are three meat markets, sup- !

that at Hastings. Here one sees fieldsof between them and the river one or plantations not a weed is in sight and plied with fair native beef from the

heavy corn and rice, and through more parallel sand-ridges, a corrugatedshore absolutely every plant is in its place, flatwoods and from Tennessee, and
if the land had been shoved
the pines flash the long glass roofs as not one missing-a beautiful spectacle. pork from Chicago. The town has an

: under which are grown the fifty cent back by the ocean at some distant In the fields which passed abundance of,water piped from a fresh

fit. English cucumbers for the winter. period. It is these dunes'or ridges through _the freeze there are some lake over beyond' the sand ridge; the j
the belt
which constitute
guests.at the Ponce de Leon. orange on evidences of neglect, weeds and grass pipe then passes on under Lake Worthto
and the
t.' The extensive pine flatwoods do not the upper river pineapple belt springing up, but this was because the Royal Poinciana Hotel. Thereis

;, offer the brilliant: attractions of the orange on the lower reaches ; and the strip the planters considered it best to let a tank on the summit of the ridge

;j;, or the pineapple sections for the available for these uses varies from a them entirely alone, not to disturb or which gives a head of water for. the highest -
of a mile to a mile or so in '
;,|! acquisition of wealth speedily, but quarter twist them around, as cultivation necessarily buildings.
there will be
width.
Frequently only
'' they are the safest all-round farm lands does, while they are in a THE DAIRY.
and the summit of it will be
ridge
one condition. The frozen
of the The cow and the weakened
I peninsula.
Mr. D. C. Sutton, formerly chemistof
feet above the
,t corn the garden and the pig in the twenty-five or thirty leaves have fallen down around the '
j ,
the U. S. Sugar Experiment Station
level of the river and almost the same ,
mulch
i\ fence-corner assured products roots, making a protective I
are as
: ;' in connection with a partner, has established -
elevation above the flatwoods. Gen-
(I. here as the staple crops in the Ohio these ridges are covered with a which will.be removed only when the ,a dairy for the supplying of
( .,' more so {for the farmer erally young plants coming up through them
valley, even oak milk to the citizens of West 'Palm i
r and scrubby growth
'[ <",., has two or three chances in a year. sparse have become strong. Then cultiva- Beach. It is situated on the western
and dwarf palmetto but
Thus his living is certain, while strawberries spruce pine tion will be renewed.In .
of the that
slope high ridge separates
jn other down near the water
places, ,
fields the freeze
(/ choice vegetables and poultry there is sufficient fertility to line the some destroyedfifty Lake Worth from the fresh lakes, thus
for the tourist hotels will put a pretty per cent. of the plants; in others
.,i river with a majestic wall of 'palmettoes being in a healthy location, where the
';' in his pocket if he manages near by apparently none. The dam- is and where the
T[ : penny and live-oaks. The railroad runs drainage perfect; cattle -
well. age from the cold was uneven; it was
have of the
access tOthepure water
t of the time behind these
along part old fields weakened
ON TO INDIAN RIVER. generally the by
: : lakes. There are about seventyfivecattle
and out of sight of the river
d, ridges which
bearing, suffered most. Variety
.0\\ The once magnificent orange groves part of the time on the river-slope and determined something, but deter. at the camp, but the number
age
J of Ormond and Daytona are mostly I in full view of it.. mined more. Taking all the planta- giving milk is irregular, riot including
one-half of the above number. The
: of from the railroad. Florida
out sight
THE ORANGE BELT. tions together, old and new, there is,
down from Kissimmee
the cows are brought -
,: is the'most unsatisfactory country This extends from Titusville downto in our opinion, eighty-five or ninetyper
by the carload, and if, after trial
;; writer traveled in for making cor.
" ever
Melbourne and is really the most cent of a stand of living plantsthe
. for month of them do
"i' rect observations from the car-win- : a or so, some
I beautiful part of the Indian River whole length of the belt that we not readily become acclimated, they
I A $20,000
dows its I
on resources. not including the Lake saw. Mr. C. T. McCarty, of An :
country ( taken back. There
J: be down in an are are some grade
dropped
: property may Worth section.) The houses are kona, an experienced grower, does
):.', auger-hole clearing in the dense pine ; Jerseys, Holsteins and Argyles: among
I numerous and nearly all handsome not anticipate over 33 per cent of a
'{ and hammocks and that within them; the native Florida cows are larger
woods
structures, their brilliant red roofs, full crop next year, but he is greatly framed than those of North Florida.
"
rods of the railroad and
a few yet one
dotted the forestsIt encouraged as to the ultimate destinyof
it without of its picturesquely among The feeding and milking pen is under -
may pass a suspicion of Lake Como. In the the pineapple industry.
reminds us ,
_. the shelter of .a spacious tent, and
existence.
I. .' train from the upper part of this section where the Many of the planters' houses are along the middle of the enclosure, ina
The emerged
I' trackless jungle now and skimmed for orange trees have been stumped and large and elegant. The accommodating manger, the feed is strewn in liberal -

", miles the edge of Indian River scraped the sprouts are coming on engineer frequently slowed up measure, and the cows eat at their
'along
hardly one missing. at some planters siding or tram, and
vigorously, pleasure. The feed consists of cotton
MI which is here only by a
separated
( Lower down the river many trees are delivered a bag of mail or a block of hulls, cottonseed-meal and bran,' mixed
(from the
cheese paring ocean), now I.
savannah then skirting the seen 'alive and growing eight or ten. ice. with regard to proper proportions of al-
crossing a ,
feet above the ground. WEST PALM BEACH.Is .
buminoids and milk-
carbo-hydrates, or
edge of the serried ranks of the pal-
mettoes. An old hunter on the train THE PINEAPPLE BELT. a town claiming a thousand inhabitants making and life-sustaining elements.

told us if a rifle ball was shot through Counting in Merritt's Island, the situated on a sandy plateau This being a concentrated ration, the

the bud of a palmetto it would die. pineapple belt already occupied on which slopes evenly down to the cattle do not look full-fed,' as on

,, We ran twenty miles and did not seer both sides of Indian River, is over a waters of Lake Worth. The streets grass, but rather gaunt, though theyEAR.






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436 THE JrtolUnA.l'' FARMER AND' P1tUf80WER. JULY 13,

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DD NOT BUY' 'RTILIZER5



Unless, 'you know who you are dealing with. "CHEAP" Fertilizers are dear at any price. Our motto is, "GOOD FERTILIZER CHEAP," (not
Cheap Fertilizers at Low Prices,) and we point with pride to the reputation attained by the LITTLE BROS.' Brands wherever used. i
J h' For present conditions we recommend. the use of the following brand described in our Circular Letter of December 31, 1894, and which has already 'Ii'

been used extensively: m mmmt '
---
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8 ':'11' Special attention is also called to the f following brand :
\
OSTETTER DESPAIR BRAND
'I'R.1JCK: : : FER.'I'I: : IZER.: : .

Ammonia..6 to 7 percent.. Ammonia I .......... ... ....,2 to 4 per cent.
Available Phosphoric Acid..4 to 6 V Available PhosphoricAcid..6 to 8 "
Potash:, (ActuaO..3) too Potash (Actual) to 6 c'

! PRICE, $82.00 Per Ton 1;. o. b,, Jacksonville. PRICE, $22.00 Per Ton, f. o. b., Jacksonville.

t :.' Lowest prices I: 'on'Cotton Seed Meal.'t''NitrateSpda, ,Sulphates.and'Murlates.of,' ; Potash. Write us:for, prices on; any thing, you may need. .J f't

1 LITTLE BROS'. ERTIt.IZERAND :'PHOSPHATE; CO., JACKSONVILLE, FLA.

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-

?;u.: 'in. good ,_heart and sleek, except tation we shall refer later on, de; Peaches in West Florida. of,July. Governor Bloxham,has prom-
the few that. .do not become acclimated nounced in bitter terms,the>action.of Editor I notice Farmer in and Fruit-Grower.issue of isth inst.: ised to speak, delightful music will be
'i.readily. They range at will in the parties who ,had brought, a herd of' "The early variety your of peaches having furnished by home talent, the, horti-
scrub, but are prevented by the lakesand.iloods range cattle and turned them into the been mostly killed,last winter in Flor- culturists will hold their annual fruit

"of ,the rainy season from scrub which constitutas pineapple ida, the first, peaches received and vegetable exhibit, and everybodywill
reaching the swamps beyond, hence ,belt; also some razorbacks.' They in Jacksonville came from have a, basket picnica''grand
.they .obtain very little green feed. passed: through his plantation, doing Georgia. Date of-the arrival of first combination of pleasure, profit and
They; ,. yield fairly well; one was much mischief in wrenching the leaves, peaches from Georgia not mentioned.The patriotism. Come over and we will
pointed out which gives twelve quartsar which are rigid:and easily,injured,'and first shipment of peaches made try to impress upon you the fact that

day;, another; fourteen quarts; of which, the plant has none'to spare; from DeFuniak' Springs to Jacksonville this section constitutes an integral
this is above the fruit has of the State of Florida and is not
though, of;.course, at least until after the been was on May 29th. A shipment part
the winter also bite the buds. to be forgotten or ignored in comments
average ; In, 160'quarts a gathered. They out might have been made nearly a week
day !werefurnished to the Royal Poin- But razorbacks dO'even worse. A earlier, but the crates had not arrived. regarding deciduous fruit growing.G. .
ciana. Hotel. lady who saw' sonic of.these vile beasts sold for W. MELLISH.
These peaches $3.50 per one-
Mr. Sutton stated that cows brought rooting among her priceless plants, ina third bushel crate. The next lot was DeFuniak Springs.
from Tennessee do not generally do plantation which had cost her nearlya shipped May 31St, and sold for $3.20per Georgia gets the credit for'almostall
,weljI: }; tl! ,change in altitude is so great thousand dollars:an acre, shed tears four-basket or one-third bushel the fine peaches that come to
l that :their i respiratory: systems become of chagrin and mortification.Cattle crate. Jacksonville, and no doubt the venders -
affected.. On the. other hand, cows are appropriate on those great Now, will the writer of the above who gave us the information cred- "
brought\ ; .:from Macon, Georgia, or savannas to the west,and even hogs, paragraph give the date of the arrivalof ited the West Florida peaches and all
'K ssimmee, usually' do 'well, because if they like ; they are fit only for':pas' the first peaches received from to Georgia. West Florida seems to be
the elevation of. those places is little ture until drained. But' to turn stock Georgia and the price they brought? in a fair way to make itself heard.
above tfyat} of]; Lake Worth. loose on this white sand ridge, where We claim that the West Florida high- Thanks for the kind invitation.
>The milk sells at retail in town at there is.no possible feed for them ex- of -- .
lands will mature the same variety
fifteencents, a quart; wholesale, twelve cept 'a few worms ''and weeds on the I weeks earlier than Defense of Boone's Early.
peaches at least two Editor Farmer and FruitGrower.In .
cents a quart. Several hundred dol lake,margin,' is hard to be endured. .the great peach-growing district of the FARMER AND FRUIT GROWERof
lars' worth of manure has been soldto But the pineapple 'planters will know I Georgia. This gives the West Florida 29th ultimo Mr. A. Me. D. Frazer,
the pineapple planters but they do how, to take of themselves if
care peach-growers ample time to market of Chicago, asks, among other ,ques-
not purchase it as much as would be the laws of Florida'do not. each variety before it is thrown in tions, about rebudding his orange trees
to their advantage. The light, por- These remarks do not apply with competition with the enormous pro. in Florida, and in the issue of the 6th,
ous soils on which pines are grown full force to the dairy above men-: duct of Central Georgia. Hence, such inst., a Boston party asks about bud-
need animal and vegetable manure to tioned, for those cows receive an obtainedfor I and he
prices as the,above are easily ding; although says nothing
a certain extent to give them body, to abundance of good feed and do not good sound fruit. about varieties you answer, them both
enable them to retain the mineral salts wander much from ,headquarters. Yet :
them Hubbard's
In the same issue, in answeringsome by referring to Mr.
of the, commercial fertilizers, which, at even in the,town, on the.lake margin, questions, and making suggestions series of articles on the subject of varieties -
present, leach away quickly in, a rain.: I in, front:of the,hotel, the Park Cottage, ,you state: "The' other day we recently reproduced in your col.
The planters will find this out some'day the dairy cows were grazing. The
saw the first crate of early peaches received umns. 1 would suggest that before(
when pineapple prices'get lower town must have milk*and the citizens : in 'Jacksonville from Georgia. those articles are promulgated as "law
and they do, not,have so much ready can endure the cows with some They were green as grass and hard and gospel" and have been acceptedas
cash to buy fertilizers with. equanimity., But town ,cows going! all over. There was only the highest authority in the land,
Two full-blood,bulls, a, Jersey and a into the country to trouble the growers
one in dozen or less that had a touchof you had better go a little slow about
Holstein, are kept with the herd; and even if 'seldom, is reversing'the color ,or taste.," We could have recommending them wholesale to the
a number of calves The usual order of and is little
were seen. things, a
of who
sent forward such fruit the middle unwary orange growers are now,
best heifer calves'are raised to take hard on the: growers., The buds of .
for
May.. All,varieties of deciduous fruits if never before, hunting facts.
places in' the herd eventually; ,the, twentyrfive 'and fifty cent plants'are in
seem to be about two weeks later this In Article No. 3 Mr. Hubbard,
others are vealed. A half-dozen so expensive COWl feed. A $2./5o plant ofa than usual. The trees bloomed speaking of the Boone (advertised'as
well-bred, fat swine, were in sight, and' fancy variety is not "filling at the year nearly a month later.: Boone's Early) orange does not-state
several_ hundred fowls, with a few guineas : price." The bulk of, the peaches will go the 'facts as they exist and thereby

were running about. These roost [To Continued.:. ]] forward from ,this, point during the does this orange, great injustice. I will
t at will in the trees, and are not molested Mr. J.D.. Cunningham, a .promi: next two weeks or the first half of say just here that I have tried to avoid
though there'are'scores of idle, nent Georgia,fruit grower, points\ out July, Most ,of these shipments will getting into the newspapers by laying
darkies in town. When: a darkey comes to the, Brunswick Advertiser the manner be the Elberta. This peach is with- certain facts before Mr. Hubbard ,and
:, out to buy a rooster;) a rifle is broughtout which Southern and asked him make slight
in, railroads deal out a,rival in the,market we hopetp to publish or a
and'the rooster's head is shptofl, with the,,;fruit' growers. The fruit rater t have the entire crop disposed of correction in the article referred. to' ,
smooth, his'presence, which exercisesa om California to New York is.$1.41 before, the Georgia Elbertas go for- but he declines to make any change- ,

:: conservative' influence\ on his preda- per 100; from Georgia,,,:onfourth- the ward in any quantity:, notwithstanding the plain facts I have
: He'meditates it
j tory'mind. on afterward distance,'$1.56. A carload of Michigan The Elberta, orchards in this vicin- laid before him. He starts out by
in the stillness of his cloistered apples cane, to Georgia for $75. ity are all young, mostly three and saying that the Boone or Boone's
chamber.
The same barrels'loaded with Georgia four years, old, but. very vigorous and Early is an "anomaly," which means

RANGE,, CATTLE; AND HOGS. pears,and shipped back to Michigan, heavily loaded with'very fine fruit irregular, deviating,,etc., This may,
)., (Looking ,across from the dairy wesaw would cost$175. 'These things will ''Nearly 20000; crates have been pur- to some extent, have been true,in regard -
a few head of 'cattle beyond the have to ,be changed before?( the fruit chased, which is some: indication of to the first produced by the orig
first; lake,,, roaming over the savannah; growersiof the South 'can hope:to reapa the'('expectations of the growers. inal or parent seedling, though ''no
they looked large and fine. A lead- fair reward for their industry.- The editor is cordially invited to more so, perhaps, than the average'
} ing pineapple grower, to whose plan- Tampa 'Tribune. DeFuniak Springs to spend the Fourth seedling tree. But the fruit from otherJ



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.
1895. THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. 437

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trees budded from the parent tree was shall make more trees in this variety Wine Making, sugar when dealing' with Concord: I
as regular and uniform in size and than ever before, and time, if nothingelse As this subject is now of timely interest Ives, etc., you have to crush your i
quality as any orange I have ever seen will 'in a few years tell the tale,' and we have received several grapes. After having seen'' used, ana
Mr. Hubbard never tasted fruit from and tell it correctly.; inquiries as' to best methods, presses, used myself several mills, I' found
these budded trees, he only had sam .. C. A. BOONE. etc., we print herewith full directions; that the best one is a three.pronged
pies from the parent tree and that,was Orlando, Fla. as given by Mr. E. Dubois, the best stick with which grapes are crushed in
in the fall of 1889, nearly six years We judged the fruit objectively as it known vintner Florida. tubs or open barrels, and dumped into
ago; and being under the impression was sent to us from year to year, and The best would be to plant only) the fermenting vat. A mill will often
that no budded tree had yet borne fruit, from the opinions then expressed we grapes which possess all the elements; squeeze the stems, seeds and unripe
I he says in the article named that "as have nothing to retract. What subtle of a true ,wine grape, but many people< berries, thus bringing into the wine an
I the only fruit exhibited has been from shades of difference, if any, there may having 'already: vineyards of Concordand excess of acids and tannin; it will also I
the parent tree, which may be ,grow- have been in one year's product as Ives, I will give the modus operandi disintegrate too much the skin of over !
ing under abnormal conditions, the compared with another, we cannot say.. for the working of these grapes ripe grapes, which will leave the wine '
variety can hardly be recommendedwith We would not set up our technical into wine. cloudy, even if fermentation has been
certainty as an extra early vari- criticism against Mr. Hubbard's, but In order to operate rationally and complete. Under the forked stick the
ety for general planting without f further we know tolerably well when,an or- mathematically get Twitchell's Acidi-- green berries will slip off while the
testing of fruit grown in different local- ange is satisfactory to our individual meter and Oechsle's Must' :Scale or ripe ones are detached, from the stems
ities and under different conditions ol taste. Saccharometer, the former.to ascertain, and lightly'cracked! l, which is'sufficient
soil and culture." the acidity of must, the latter to deter- to,allow part of the juice to come out
Facts, and facts only, I wish to go WaxingStrips, in Budding. mine the'amount of sugar. and part to remain in contact with the
to the public, and the public shall Editor Farmer and FruitGrowerr 'Press a sufficient quantity of grapesto inside of the' skin without entire disintegration }
know them. I have been sending out On reading the article on Orange make enough juice to fill up the of the'latter., '
sample oranges from the budded trees,, Budding in your issue of June 29th, it glass cylinder your must scale, and STEMMING.
and not from the parent tree, for the occurs to me that I can 'give a better strain the' must, through a, sieve or, apiece This operation consists in separating ,
last three years, and have sent from method of waxing the strips than that of linen or cotton cloth. This the berries from.the stem, :and has ,to'
one to one hundred oranges to certain given by Mr. Oliver. Most Florida must, when weighed, should not have be resorted to when you have to ferment
individuals, and have never had anything nursery men and budders should remember had time to ferment at all, and its tem- grapes with sizes of stems out of
} but.good reports on them, bothas Mr. Oliver's article on Bud- perature should be 70. proportion with the berries.'' Such is
regards earliness and quality. No ding, published some three ,or four When the acidimeter is used for the especially the case when rot or mil
one except Mr. H. has ever said orintimated years ago, and I recall it as the only test of must'destined to make claret, dew have destroyed half of each bunch.
that it was an "anomaly." really good one on that subject t that',,I itiis! better to have the necessary quantity At San Luis and Andalusia we take
I learned during the last three years have read; and I have always had a of grapes for the test crushed the out about half' only of the stems of
that there were other bearing trees of slight grudge against'Mr.Oliver for not day before'' and allow the juice and our Norton and Cynthiana grapes, as
this orange in four different groves in having published it.at- least.four or five husk to ferment together, as most of our we think that without stems at,all the
the neighborhood where it originated, years before. For: my part, it had grapes contain their acidity in'the skin, wine might be deficient in tannin.
some of them being four miles apart, taken me that long, and cost me hun- and fermentation only'can'' draw it out. The best way of stemming the
but all bearing identically the same dreds of dollars, to find out what 'I With'the'acidimeter ,all directions are is to press them into a: strong grapes wire
early orange, of uniform size-about could have learned in an hour, had he given for its use.. screen with i}4 inch mesh, made likean
I 1763-and as regular as could be de- given, us his advice in time. ADDING SUGAR.A ordinary sieve, but larger, arid,
sired in quality, but all suffered the But joking aside. I first tried wax must destined to make a wine to square, if more convenient. The
same fate from the last freeze, and ing the strips muchas, He advises, but suit''' the, taste of the American people, grapes are rubbed back and forth over
;. :, were killed below the bud. They found it unsatisfactory r many rea- and at the' same time'keep well, in our the screening and the latter 'shaken, so
'r;;, ., had all been budded from the I then tore the of cloth
x same sons. strips ; hot climate, should indicate at least that the berries will drop through\ ,
.
parent tree.: Is it possible that all usually two or three yards in length, '90 on the must scale and ISo on the leaving the !stem in the sieve. '
these trees could have grown under and wound them smoothly; upon an acidimeter. '
"abnormal conditions ?" On the empty milk can until the cloth was an Now have Concord TANKS.
suppose you The tanks in which we will fermentour
contrary, is it not more reasonableto inch or more in thickness upon the must'which Oechsle'sscale
registers 70 on must be made'of oak
grapes as
conclude'that they were all grow- can, taking care that the first end of and 'indicates 7 on1 'the acid would give a peculiar taste '
cypress to.
ing in different'soil and "under differ- each strip was placed an inch or two. meter, 'and you have 600 pounds of the wine. In California, where the
conditions of culture under the last end of the
etc. ?
ent preceding grapes to ferment; the proportion' of same difficulties as here are encountered -
Who ever saw two pieces of Florida strip, this to prevent loss of time in juice 1 to- the' grapes in.weight may be in the fermentation of the grapes,
land just alike, or two orange growers finding ends in using strips; then drop estimated at, two-thirds; the amount, the best approved dimensions for fermenting -
the'same culture ? I could the of cloth into melted and hot
following can of will therefore be
must expected 400 vats are four feet in, height by
not,attempt to criticise Mr. Hubbard's beeswax, but not boiling hot, or it may pounds or about 50 gallons. As one five,feet in width. (Diameter of the
articles regarding any other orange, burn the cloth. Allow it to remain in gallon of'water'sweetened with half a bottom).
but'if his productions are made up the wax until saturated, then take it pound of sugar i indicates 20 on the Before filling the tanks fasten a small
from' as meagre facts as he possessesin out and turn while cooling. This must 'scale and' your must'weighs; only screen of wire,.over the faucet hole to
this case, I would suggest that they method involves less labor, uses less 70, add half'a'pound of sugar per gal. keep the berries out of the faucet when
be taken with a little salt.. wax, yet enough; leaves strips in a Ion,and you'will obtain a normal must.weighingI900. racking off the wine.
You, Mr. Editor, had samples of compact form to carry with your buds. But if your fifty gallonsof
this orange the last three years preced- :You can tear off such a length as the must contain now a sufficient quantity FERMENTING.
ing the freeze, and you said, Decem- tree demands, and not being exposedto of saccharine matter, they contain When your grapes have been
ber 15th, 1894, that you ate them in the air, it does not lose its,adhesiveness also an excess 'of acids: stemmed and crushed you dump them
October, and that they were strictly as do exposed strips. Strips pre- into your tank,''which1\is not to' be filled
first-class. If it had been as Mr. Hub- pared in this way will last a season 56x7 = 350 ,350 + 5 = 70. higher'than ten or twelve :'inches from
bard would have it, you would not through, and I have used them one Therefore the quantityof liquid has the top. Stir the mass four tim'es'a'
have said it was first-class, hardjy in year after being made, but usually I to be increased up to seventy gallons; i day, at even .intervals, with\ a kind of
any respect.. You had fruit from the warm 'them' up in an oven id ,of that that is, twenty gallons of water 'added. pestle made like a churn dasher, by
budded trees every time. (Cistern, lake or river: water'in preference nailing crosswise two planks ten'inches'

Mr. Hubbard had fruit one time age.As to using resin, I have never ). I long by three inches wide' to the' end
only, and that nearly six years ago, found it necessary, while grease or oil Then as these twenty gallons of pure : of a pole of sufficient 1 length ,By"a':
from the old original seedling, and' of any kind is injurious to bark or bud water contain no saccharine matter, twisting\ and downward motion of the
that may have been an off year withit Strips so prepared will adhere to dry they require forty-five pounds of sugar; contrivance you press ,the pomace!
as all seedlings frequently do have bark and to itself, without being sticky that is,2%pounds per gallon((4,pound down, disintegrate and: immerge, the i
their off years. I consider your judg- enough to gum up your fingers. sugar = 20, 2 ppunds\; \= 9'0)? ). whole mass, and thus ''prevent" overheating
and all Although there is sometimes in Cyn- of the mash, causing cessation
ment worth as much as Mr. Hubbard's With strips so prepared, con.
. when it comes to sampling an orange, ditions favorable; I once lost only two thiana and Norton'juice, when the season of fermentation before all the sugar\
" tasted thousand Tardiffs is unfavorable, '''a little excess of has been converted into alcohpl. *'
and since you saw, and said buds out of one put
what you did regarding this orange, in during November; but i if any man} acids,. I would'' hot advise gallizing, as It may happen that, notwithstanding
how can you be entirely consistentand will tell me how to manage so as to be those grapes ferment with some diffi. the frequent stirring or foulage,
endorse all Mr. Hubbard says certain of a'50 per cent "take" of Tangerine culty, and the addition of water and the temperature may be higher and
without'modification? I have lost 'no buds during''' the hot months', I sugar, far from promoting fermentation fermentation more active 'at 't the top'
faith in it, myself, and, judging from will remember him with Mr. Oliver. renders it still, more difficult." thae at the bottom of the vat: After
the enquiries, there are a large numberof CYRUS BUTLER. CRUSHING THE GRAPES. having ascertained the 'fact' :'by t sting ;

? ,others thinking as I do about it.. I St. Petersburg, Fla.. I Previous.' to adding, any water and the, must, you draw out 'some by.
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' \ 438 THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.! JULY 13,



A FERTILIZER TO SUIT THE TIMES : '
I

"THE IDEAL :' -


, :;".i :; .,


I
JI
flIanttfaetttt1ed by Wilson & Toometf, Jacksonville, Fla. 'e


.. .. FOR ORANGE TREES, VEGETABLES AND FIELD CROPS. '


Ammonia, 4 1-2 ,to 5 1-2 per cent. .',I

Available Phosphoric Acid, 4 1-2 to 6 per cent. .

Potash Sulphate, 11 to 13 per cent. ; .;

Made. Exclusively: from Nitrate of Soda, Cotton Seed Meal, Blood and Bone, Acid Phosphate and Sulphate of Potash '

:Frio e $2 .00 per Ton., F. O. ::13.I .

I, ... '
\ We also have a large supply of J. H. Baker & Bro.'s Celebrated Complete Manures in stock. Also, Nitrate of Soda, Blood and Bone,'

1\\ ; Acid Phosphate, Dissolved Bone, Selected Kentucky Tobacco Stems, Ground Tobacco Stems, Etc.

I i WE .SEEK THE GROWERS DIRECT. LARGE STOCK, LOW PRICES. I
-
! i ; Correspondence Solicited. ,

: WILSO1: T Ss TOO ER. '
, :
: THE FERTILIZER HOUSE on FLORIDA..
I

I, I
I the faucet and pour it on top, re- be entirely avoided, as it is a well- $100. Reward for a flan Opposed to charge of sixty acres of land in Ala-
i '; peating 'the operatton until you find known fact that the pressure on the the Stock Law in Henry County.Prom bama, upon which an ox, a mule anda

,i that the must in all parts of the vat liquid mass is stronger in tanks thanin the Florida Ruralist.I family of six negroes were gradually
I has the same temperature and about round casks, and still more so than am a subscriber to your paper starving themselves and the land. The_
and like it very much. I see you have of the the before
\ the same'' amount of sugar. After in oval ones. yield place year was
i four or' five days of steady fermentation After the wine has been drawn off up the fence or no-fence 'question, or one bale of cotton, fifteen barrels of

'I 1 the wine has generally lost its into casks or barrels, the pomace is rather the stock law. corn and a few bushels of yams. Ignoring -
Now I have had ten twelve
sweetness and acquired just as much pressed, and the wine thus obtainedput or the various criticisms of neigh
color as if left longer on the pomace. by itself and not mixed with the years experience under the nofencelaw bors, I proceeded to fill the soil with

: i It is true that the length of the fer- other, as in our warm climate it.is al- and can say it works like a charm. vegetable matter and plant food by
Before we got the law we were divid under and, crimson
menting period will depend a great ways more or less affected by acetic turning cow peas
ed to be in Florida but
as you seem I until I had "
j.deal upon the temperature of the fermentation of pomace during the clover. planted no crops
room where the. fermentation takes pressing process. now since we have tried it everybodylikes done this. My first crop of cotton was

\,, _) place.) 'Ilere,.in Florida, 'where'grapes .. it. Can't1 see how we could get planted on a heavy growth of vines
without it. We have
ripen during' the hottest season, it is I along more that died on the ground. My first crop
Wrapping Buds-Wood Lice. and and much better
i cows hogs ones. of fed the roots
a question to find a place where the corn was on decayed
Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: We twice much milk and but-
,! temperature is equal and not too get as of crimson clover. Starting with four
Can any one tell me whether dry did under the'old fence law.
ter as we
high. A cellar would fill the require- head of stock and $300, there is now
moss would be good to wrap young Cows' are more plentiful and sell
ments if properly constructed-and (in four years) on the place ten milch
buds with them from the
to
protect Butter is worth about
:' we will treat later on of a wine cel- .cheaper. only cows and four mules. Last year ((1893)the )
lar in South, Florida-but the cold, or whether dry cowpeas piled fifteen cents per pound. Every negro farm produced twenty bales of cot-
grape
around the trees would be a protec- family nearly has a good cow and
bushels of and feed for
ton corn
raise
whQ wants to just enough 1,000
grower tion? I noticed after the late freezes
its costs them nothing to pasture her.
the stock. The milk made
grapes to manufacture a few hun- 15,000
dred gallons of wine cannot into where dry grass and weeds were put When you want your cows and hogs pounds of butter, and the net profitwas
go
around trees it seemed to protect themas know where to find them. I'll
,
you about $1,000. All this done
such expense,as is necessitated by the was
far as it extended, or kindof two-thirds of the
up any venture to say oppo- under adverse circumstances I
building of a cellar l large enough for as was
: trash Of course,there might be a no-fence law
nents of the are
: poor
fermenting his grapes and storing i away much of the time and reliable
difference in effect where there
was a stock all. This
who
renters own no at
; his wine. For him I would advise help was scarce. By turning under
freeze, accompanied with a heavy frost. with when wanted
was the case us we
and crimson clover
the of shed under cow feeding
building a large peas ,
q You remember, the last freezes were the''stock law and they could hatch
f trees with dense foliage, this shed to cotton seed meal to stock instead of
dry, cold winds and no.dew fell., Some than
lame
be open all around but thoroughly up more excuses any body applying it to the soil, carefully savingthe
one please answer. else, when in reality they should haveno '' it the crim-
shaded by the trees. The temperature manure and'using on
Will woodlice get in trees ,where voice in it. The who
man owns
clover there is for the
the free son
there, owing to currentof great hope
they are frozen :down by banking up the land is the man to whether it
air will be in say land of the South. The only
not as high as any poor way
; ordinary lding closed and exposed dirt around them, as there is so much should be fenced or not, and if you out of the trouble here is less cotton,
dead wood? I see some protected can just the stock law in existencein
get and rotation with vines crimson
1 I to the sun. pea ,
; their1 trees in that way during the six'months time this poor unfortunate clover, corn, oats, stock and home-

1 DRAWING OFF. freeze. A. J. DOUGLASS.' class would get their eyes openedand made manure. There is no questionbut

When the fermentation has ceased Citra, Fla. would never utter another word that nearly all the sub soil contains

\ and all the sugar has been converted Dry trash piled around the trees affords against the stock law. plenty of plant food, such as potash

s: into alcohol, which you can ascertain some protection, but not as muchas There are numerous advantages and phosphoric acid, only it is too far
by testing your wine with the saccha- a mound of earth. Some newly ..that I will not attempt to illustrate at down for wheat, corn and cotton rootsto

r rometer, you draw it off into clean planted Satsumas at Lawtey had wire. this time, but if you were to offer a reach it, as these feed near the sur-

j barrels or casks) ,, grass hay piled over them a foot or reward of One Hundred Dollars you face. In clover and cow peas we have

". Whisky barrels, properly cleaned, more above their tops, but they were could not find a man in our county the means to bring this matter to the
Jj are"very good for a small winery, but frozen back just about as far as those who is opposed to the stock law. surface where it becomes available for

would take too much room if used which were wholly unprotected.Where Yours truly, other crops. We have a way to sup-
,sl l for storing the products of large vine- dead wood has to be covered A. V. McVicKER.Babb ply nitrogen to the soil by obtaining it

;a1 yards. I do not, however, advocate with earth, we advise that the wood ,Henry Co., Ga.,t June 9 10, 1895. direct from the atmosphere; the wayto

tfor(| claret the use of too large casks; should first be well smeared over with How Southern Land Was Reclaimed. add humus, to loosen stiff clay-Na-

in 150 or 160 gallon puncheons claret coal tar or something else offensive to A Prize Article.A ture's own remedy, one that never fails

c will clarify and mature quicker than wood lice. paper offered three prizes of $25, when given opportunity and one that

|in 1,000 gallon casks. If the latter are 4 $15 and $10 for best.essays on improving cannot be discounted."

I".;employed it is preferable to have them The first shipment of grapes went worn soils. There were twenty- It is the old story, repeated o'er and

\oblong, so as to diminish the pressure forward Monday night, June 24th ; it eight competing essays, and this one o'er. Corn fed on decayed roots of
/,ijof the upper part of the mass of wine consisted of about seventy-five crates. captured first prize : peas and clover. There is no land in

thupon the lower part. Tanks should -Orlando Sentinel. "In the summer of 1889 I took the South that will not grow cow peas,

inj;

m. ,

I -......,..- -- ---- -- -
.v _!_ .i .\ ---



'Y'" ,
,







1895. .. THE FLORIDA FARMER- AND FRUIT-aROWEB. 439,
.
-
-

crimson clover will follow peas, corn occasionally in some out-of-the-way POPULAR POULTRY FARM'A

will follow clover or peas; peas, clo- place in the poultry-house where the

ver and corn will feed horses, cows hens cannot get to it, pour a little
POP RA FLORIDA.
and chickens. Stock will make man- water over it, and then note how much .

ure, manure will make the land rich, cleaner the place will smell.. That

and rich land will make its owner rich, roup is highly contagious goes with- INDIAN GAMES.Sharps .

at least it will give him a living, and a out saying. Consequently, remove all and Import The best blood obtainable in the world. Can furnish Eggs from separate
ood affected birds yards in one order.BLACK.
; comfortable living. at once.

We invite every Southern farmer to Now, as to cure, I don't profess LANGSHANS.

ake the above programme, and prove that any and all cases of roup may be
fine of exhibition birds. added fresh in of
An exceedingly pen Have blood the shape the best I
what even the poorest soil will develop.Pea cured. But I will mention the differ could buy from the breeders of the winners at Macon, Columbia, Kansas City and Madison Square.
roots will bringup, from below the ent phases of the disease I have cured Garden, New York., "

potash and phosphoric acid in the soil many times. The first symptoms are BLACK MINORCAS.

beneath the reach of ordinary crops. not very alarming; and if the affected .

The leaves will bring down from the specimens are removed to clean quareters from One one yard of New only York's;headed Famous by a shapely Breeders.and beautifully Eggs limited.plumaged male, the best we could buy .

atmosphere the nitrogen for which you and fed stimulating food, they

pay 17 cents a pound. Success,on the will often recover without treatmentof EGGS, PER SETTING, $2.00. TWO SETTINGS, $3.60.

farm is within your reach, and the any sort. Otherwise, I wipe their Owing to the present condition of things in Florida we prepay the express at above price.
Eggs from the three breeds in one older if you desire' A copy of the best Poultry paper published
who attains in this nostrils clean and into them
man success way, inject with each order as long as they last. Have your order booked ahead and avoid delays. Why sendto
he is the farmer, for he makes money, kerosene, as well as into the orifice in Jerusalem or Halifax for eggs when as good can be obtained in Florida at less money. I

I and improves his farm without its cost- the roof of the,mouth. A few applications S. S. DeLA'1 TOY, ROP.Qw .

ing than it to. of kerosene I
| more comes generally cure. guarantee Eggs to arrive in good condition.
I use the same remedy for swelled I:
,
heads. I have often cured them '

Poultry.Edited when an eye was closed. I saturate by grain, engaging in healthy exercisein FLORIDA REAL ESTATE

------------------------------------------------ the swelled side of the head with kero- order to obtain, and'in such circumstances -
by s. S. DeLANOY, Apopka, Fla.
the food will be passed
.
sene once a day for three or-four days,
Wanted in for
Exchange UnencumI
into the gizzard slowly and be better I
Something Original About Koup. which generally effects a cure. This bered [.
digested. Gradually the hen will accumulate -
like harsh but it is
I have read in the different seems treatment,
poultry
sufficient.food to provide for MASSACHUSETTS EDTTABE LOTS
deal the best I have found: The roup pillsaar ,
papers a great concerning roup,
the night, going on the roost with a
no good.Another
its causes and cure; but, judging from full where she can.. leisurely for at $100 Each. ;
crop
form of the is where
my own experience, it,,must have been roup ,.
ward it from the the
to gizzard.
the bird stands around gasping for crop
mainly theoretical its
as regards cause.
I Feeding soft food leads to errors -
This is a matter of vital importance for breath. This is very dangerous, as many i'i'323tf
,
Near Station and Beach !
they often die suddenly sometimes I on the part of the beginner, caus- : Bathing r
in order effect ,
to a cure we must first
within twenty-four hours of its first ing him to overfeed and pamper his
the
remove cause. What a question- hens, and by it they will reach a con-
Before I discovered howto
begging expression it is to say that the appearance. dition that is entirely antagonistic to CHAPIN FARM AGENCY,
birds "take cold." Who ever heardof cure, ,I used to lose many birds
laying. It is much better to feed hard St. Augustine Fla.
that The is
way. remedy so simple
a hen contracting this disease which
grains only than to feed from a trough,
and sure that the cure be regarded -
roosted in a tree-top: even in the cold- may ITALIANYou're
unless the soft food is'care full! meas
examina-
est weather? And another old time as infallible. Upon
ured. A quart of mixed ground grain, the loser unless BEES
tion it will be found that 'the mouthof '
fallacy is concerning that alleged crack you keep bees to gather
moistened and in a crumbly.condition, the sweets of nature about
the is covered with
line with the hen's head.It windpipe a lice Keeping I*
just a
upon
should be sufficient for hens a'Pleasant,
white substance which forty as and Profitable to either sex, In townor
starts
has been claimed that this is the cheesy ) Bee Book free to all. '
for the but
1H..1LNKINB
starter" morning, two J. Wetumpka, Ala.
in a ring around the inside of the
cause of "swelled heads"-as when a of whole grain should ,then be
. : p bird looks for all the world as if affected windpipe and as it increases makes scattered quarts in litter for them to seek and IKE IMPROVED
the breathing place constantly smaller VICTOR
with an ulcerated tooth. Now secure for themselves.

this supposition of the crack being the until the fowl can finally breatheno .-....----
longer. I have often saved them __,I INCUBATOR
is that hen
cause just as probabje as a Fowls like all other stock.must'have -'
-
available orifice Hatches Chickens
when the scarce ex- by Steam.
has teeth. refreshing sleep all night, and a perch' ,: '==-1'"_Absolutely self.reeulatlnff.
ceeded the diameter of a pin. : The simplest most reliable
Still another assigned cause of roupis full of lice will keep them awake as aUandcbeapesttlrstclass/ Hatcher
The to treat' these cases is to I in the
way logue market i Circulars free.
and this sounds v
dampness; more much bed full of bugs would tor- .
as.a mita OKO. ER.TBL&CO. Untncy, 111.
bird into
take the lap holding
your ,
plausible,but still is not the real cause. its
ment'
Let it not be understood that I advo- gently but firmly, and with the fore- To keep owner ducks; successfully with- NEW PAGE CATALOGUE

cate having cracks in all hen-houses, finger of the right hand force the AND GUIDE to Poultry Saisen for 1893.
into the mouth then out annoyance about watering troughs, Contains over 130 fine illustrations show.
nor flooding them knee-deep with wa. windpipe up ; Their house ing a photo of the largest hennery in the
with the other hand the beak a small'pen is.necessary. west. Gives best plans for poultry houses,
ter. Still I have done this for the open fine affair the sure remedies and recipes for all diseases,
need be.a
not nor yard
and with in the mouth hold also valuable information on the kitchen
one finger
sake of trying to get at the bottom \ and flower garden sent fo" "nly 10 cents
the windpipe so as to be able to expensive. John Baulcher. 3r..P.O. Bar 811'rce'l'ort.' 111.
question. I took six good strong:) pull up is
I A stream or pond not necessaryto
reach it easily, and with the point ofa
lets, put them to roost on a line with a I smooth the successful raising of geese, THE TROPICAL TRUNK LINE

big crack on the north side of the coop, clean quill carefully remove'" though such a body of water is a ma- JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA.FLORIDA.
sift"
the hard white substance then a
,
the perch being within ten inches of terial it will furnish
help, as a large
into the .
little fine
sulphur windpipe.This
the crack. They roosted there for six amount. of food for the birds. !
'
weeks in cold, rainy weather late in the will cure nine out of ten cases. You can't be a successful fancier of ,

I fall, and never an "ulcerate." Last Occasionally it will be'necessary to all,the breeds of the standard. Pick
i small house with repeat the dose of sulphur, but'very .
winter I had a thirty out a class-the American or the Asi- LANDS :

hens in it, which got flooded during a seldom. Sometimes, however, the atics 'or the Mediterranean or any of .
canker is down in the windpipe out
January thaw, until there was scarely the others-and make your study in '
of In that the is
that sight. case cure ORANGES ,
standing room was not reeking that direction.

with moisture. Now, thought I, we generally hopeless.Our The best food for laying ducks is

will learn something about roup. SoI next paper will relate to mar. scalded bran and table scraps. Ensi- RESORTS

let them remain there till spring, and keting and dressing poultry.M. lage will be. eaten greedily by the
E. GRIFFIN in Feathered Race.
I in freezing weather the floor was twothirds ducks. Raw carrots are good food.

covered with ice, and when it Very little grain will be consumed if INVESTMENTS .

thawed I could dish up waterandstill Farmer's Guide : To keep a hen green food and table scraps are fur-

no roup. in good condition for laying, she should nished. '

Now, as far as my experience goes, never have a full crop during the day.. Do not.hatch the young turkeys too : DEVELOPMENTS '

the actual cause of roup is filth and It is not wrong to give a light meal of soon, or there may 'be a heavy loss

crowded quarters. You cannot keep mixed food, warm in the morning, in among them, unless you are well pre- ATTRACTIONS

I forty fowls in a dry goods box. the trough, but such meal should be pared to'care for them. They quickly ,

PREVENTION AND CURE OF ROUP. only one-fourth the quantity the hens succumb to dampness, and the large ADDRESS,

Chloride of lime is the best thing in, require. .They should go away from lice, which prey on the tops sf. their

the world to prevent roup. Keep it the trough unsatisfied, and should heads, destroy them also when the tur- G. D. ACII L Y,

constantly on' hand, and place a little then seek their food, deriving it grain keys are very young. Gen. Paeaen&rer A t.



!
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r



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440 THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. JULY 13,
1 .
-- -
HL. .t ., ....../ ,.,"I (T III I f -
Our Rural Home ous pink piece i into 'j bier glass. dish ,of sprinkled w tfi Sl..sJ. salt and swept If, after a time, the mixture seems
'" sugar. on both sides.: Then the'paper lining too dry, moisten, using only brandy,
Now, please decide, 'friends of CX i is1 'laid.:down; the.arpet' relaid, 'not and but a few drops. Essences, too,

Edited by MINNIE GILMORE MILLS, R. H. (for ,thereupon 'occurred a forgetting'fo' put insect''powder' and soon lose their quality and injure the

St. .Fla.:. discussion,) whether-melon is a fruit salti!close to the mop.boards. I rthink perfume of the potpouri. '
Thomas ii it either ? ED. O. ? this I' of the
or vegetable-or. bar) doing get: :iA]
----r.*----
R. H.Hints.' ,moths'.'so.imany complain of. 'Turi'
Among: Our Home Folks. : The Chafing Dish.
is also' but I dislike
:Dentine ; : ;good"
"Every l little counts, ; Cucumber, ; for the' Home Economist, the I smell of it: ,The'renovated furniture You can try all sorts of experimentswith
Tauffht by Experience.: .
\ pickles are good things to have, but ; is now moved'in and pictures the chafing dish. Its'chief charmis

I watermelon pickles are far superior to This/is' the .time of year"'when most, ',hung., Now 'one room' ,is cleaned, the quickness with which it can be
:, the bottled cucumbers usually found farm'ers' 'Iwiv s"are tired. They"goi' to and if this be the sitting room ''the used, its reliable cooking, and its clean-
on' our tables. And why? for cucumbers bed, rtired and, 'get'' 'up: 'tired, nothing stove is again ,blacked: and set up. liness The dish which I have is a
in the fields all but tired all the time.' They; take,no
are rotting over i Then if cool the country. I have not tried, but : time to see the buds and blossoms' and sure. to be snug ', and, warm, not two quarts, It has a hot-water pan,
see no reason why pickles cannot be blue'sky. Beore'th( ir vision,is:'nothing > obliged,to ,'hover:.over [the range in which can be used or not' as 'desired.

successfully ,made and kept, jf the ', but cobwebs,:,dustj1; I musty f odors i t e"kit hen. If' I am, '''much' tired, I seldom' use it, as it takes longer to
vinegar, the next requirement 'after moths, ants and bugs that must be wait-ia day beforeicleaning/ another cook ,with it on. One can be boughtlike
the: cucumbers, is strong, and not exterminated' !iri as":short ,'a time as room, 'or if the. weather'is disagreeable it for four dollars. There a're'also

made with acid.' possible. So they work! and, -worry, .' cheaper ones of the same description.I .
I always ,have the vinegar in small and,stew until they become'(extremely '. '
< ; I always aim to take up the car- will give a couple of more recipes :
quantities on hand made from corn, blue, ,where if they would, work/slow- pets in, the rooms most used, in the i
The recipe has been given, but will be er, the aches would be less numerous, Spring and the notiused''so Creamed Oysters.-Put in the chafing f
ones com- two tablespoonfuls of butter, half a pint '
again if wanted. It' ''is very simple, the temper, sweeter, and.' all_ the household '!: rridn in the Fall; this divides'my labor of milk or cream, a salt spoonful of salt, ,
but; has been worth its weight in gold 'happier: J.-fj; equally;-Farm House; '" and a little pepper; also a sprinkle of I I i
''to'me.. The' the Now few hints from who hasa r- When it boils add half
( recipe, not vinegar) a one r mace. ,up, a cup-
As' I' have never bought a gallon house of eleven rooms and cellar;to Kelsey,Plums.For ; ful of cracker crumbs, and add. pint of .
ten'years I'm never without. clean wfthout any extra help. ?Mon- Our Rural Home oysters. Serve as soon as the oysters- look. .
plump.
Watermelon Pickle-Slice and cut day morning I'I'wash.churri in the afternoon To, those ladies who have had their
in' strips the rind of'a : medium-sized ;; always have'ice,so.as I*can Kelsey' plums' mash, 'while canning) I Rechauffe of Fish.-We usually use
salmon kind of 'cold
melon. with salt churn when 'most convenient. Tues. ,would thisway which I learned or halibut, but any
Sprinkle liberally say;;try : \ ; boiled fish will do., Take a pint of cold
andrallow; them to'remain from 12 to day,morning; ironing; the afternoon, I ,from'a friend"recently! boiled fish, cut in small pieces. 'Put into
24 hours, drain carefully and boil ina speud in baking;, ,Wednesday; I mend, Pare the fruit, cut and take out the the chafing dish with two tablespoonfulsof
tin or porcelain-lined kettle, in good and take down all. the'pictures in 'the stones f fin. ,the morning, put sugar withit butter, half a'cupful of milk or cream,
vinegar, to which has been added two room I 'want:to clean. Clean them ,and, :l let it stand until afternoon, a cupful of fine cracker or bread, crumbs, !
little and salt and
spoonfuls of sugar, half teaspoonful thoroughly and put!in another room. \when 'the fruit will, Je covered< with a a slightly beaten.pepper Let simmer' one for egg five; I
pepper, a pod of red pepper, if liked The'curtains and all the furniture-is, syrup formed off, !the sugar, and,juice. or six minutes.

very peppery, and whatever spices are then cleaned; if upholstered, taken:out I useonecup: of sugar for each quart- Lobster a la Cl'eme.-Put two table-
relished. A little nutmeg is an improvement of.doors; aired and,' rubbed with a flannel can of'' :'fruit. ,About four or;;five o'clock spoonfuls of butter, in the chafing dish.
; but I make these pickles cloth dipped 'in gasoline This] 'start; :the fire and' put the fruit on ,to Add one cupful milk, season well with
very plain. When_ the pieces can be will take all the dirt'but'and improveany cook\, slowly.]< pierced ,with a silver fork, (don't let soiled spots. If there are any or until'the; pieces seem to oe cooked. well chopped. Let it boil a few minutes
them get soft,) take out and put in'a moths it wfll drive them away;, The throughthen\ .can. ,jt this,, way the and then. add two; tablespoonfuls- K cracker'crumbs >
j jar/covering with the same vinegar:. wood-work on'f rniture Irub'' with plums! ;,retain,their,shape, anqjare J very }
In a: day they are fit to use. If, 'in twe-thirds,linseed oil and one-third nice.! Be very careful. in canning fruit two-pound Lobster a lobster la Newberg.cut in The small pieces meat,of two a
three four do seem Then ,I'take the 'tacks rubbersand l If
: or days, they not; turpentine. ; : to havegood covers. tablespoonfuls of butter, season with
to fee.keeping, well, fresh vinegar may out of the carpet, but always leave the the edges:; .of! the covers are bent the pepper and salt. Add n gill of sherry.
be poured on; that in which they were carpet down' on the,floor" as I consider ,cans will not. air-tight; and the fruit Cook ten minutes, and then add three
boiled being poured off. Or, if vine- if I get the supper and feed my wi1Ls..E9il. R. E.,. ERR:YMAN. well-beaten, eggs and half a pint of milkor
gar is scarce, the old may be heated poultry I've done aday's: 'work. ;> boil cream.: Serve as soon as it comes to a

again. They will not look green, but The next morning Intake up the car- To Keepthe'Saent of Roses.
are good. pet (after.doing. up the morning work): They! month of:roses is now with us, If you must have Welsh rarebit, here
Sweet pickles may be made by I then roll up the;, carpet",lining;,,carefully and the customary' flood of inquiries is an excellent rule for making it, 'but
using',one cup of sugar to every quartof keeping, all 'the dirt,/and carry about vinegar. it outdoors., I. find very little dust on being poured aver r the land. week she never tried Welsh rarebit but
Young melons, particularly musk- the floor, nothing like the dust., one Here is' a;recipe for:the oldfashionedkind what she was sick for a ''year,,; after'' it:
'
'
melons, ,make excellent mango pickles. finds if they;useMstraw. The,cdver 'that J lasts,,,a rose j jar 'filled by this I hope you will succeed better.

The-filling'Tnay be made of chopped my broom and sweep ceilingand precise plan.in 1832,being fragrant yet. Welsh Rarebit.-Put a tablespoonful of
cucumber, beans, &c., but they shouldbe side walls, lastly, the floor. Then' get Gather ,the, roses in the early ''morning butter in the chafing dish. When melted,
seasoned; and cooked a little in I the mop-.wringer", a'pail,of hot water,- as soon as,the dew ,has dried off, and add one and one-half pounds of fresh
vinegar, before filling into the melonor with: plenty of salt in the watery and select t only the Most fragrant varieties. cheese cut into small pieces, a, teaspoonful -
: of mustard of
dry a pinch
'"mango,". as they will keep much soft soap and i mop the floor, With a A1 large: quantity of roses or of rose pepper, and half a, pint of milk.cayenne: 'Stir
better. I have never'tried corn with wringer,one need:not soil one's hands, leayeSjdwindles l into a'very'small quantity continually, and, serve hot on ..toast as
this filling, but know almost any and your wrists'don't' ache either,-and of dried''leavesbeit' remembered. soon as it, is done.Good =,

other "green thing" will do-beets, you can do the' work quicker.' The Given a peck,of roses' pIck,off the Housekeeping.

cabbage,' peppers, beans and cucum wood work I :wash'' with", water, and leaves and sprinkle over-: them ,three- -.. .---
bers.An either gold dust or pearline i instead quarters,of a, pound of ,salt. Let them
old settler has just given me a of soap. The windows .are now remain two or ,three days; and if fresh There is more Catarrh in this sectionof
the than all other diseases
recipe for green watermelon pickles. taken out and washed'in a tub. The leaves areadded ach' ,day,; sprinkleadditional' together country, and until the last fewyears, was put
that he considers far superior to cu dust is: removed with' an old''piece of ; !$i alt over them' supposed to be incurable. For a great,
cumbers. cheesecloth, the frames"washed-;- then Atthe'endof: : three days mix with many years doctors pronounced it a local
Take the melons when but little with a flannel cloth dipped.in gasoline the cured rose l leaves half a pound of disease, and prescribed, local remedies,
than man's fist wash the, allover let it 'then salt( the and by, constantly failing to cure with local
larger a pour boiling glass dry, i finely; pounded bay \ samequantity treatment it incurable.
water over them, which will some- polish with>a' chamois, and, it will,re; of allspice\ cloves and, brown Science has proven, pronounced catarrh to be a consti"
what wither, and remove the "bloom"or fleet the 'image of. the polisher every sugar, a 'qua; rt r, of a pound,, of gumbenzoin'arid tutional disease, and therefore requires
down which covers them when two ounces of orris root. constitutional treatment. Hall's Catarrh
time.Now
small, then squeeze with the hands, ; comes the tug of war, but by 7' Add one gill of brandy, and any Cure, manufactured by F. ,J. Cheney '&
and pickle them in the same way cucumbers exercising a I little tact at the dinner sort rf bf fragrant'' flowers, such as ,orange Co., Toledo, Ohio, is the only constitu-
tional the market. It taken
are pickled table, by pleasant conversation, and and lemon flowers, lavender and internally cure in on doses from 10 drops is to a tea-
"I always like salt with my vegetables asking sweetly if they: can't' ..,'help nie l lemois..scented\ shrubs. They should be spoonful. It acts directly on the blood
," said ,he as he took a generouscut shake the carpet, I generally. get the perfectly;dry*When added. and mucous surfaces of the system.
of the big watermelon and men to lend; a ,hand;- not forgetting The-mixture should I ber occasionally They offer one hundred dollars for 'any

sprinkled it with salt. to tell then'(it's.. such a help'>toy} me} i stirred and'kept in close-covered jars, case testimonials it fails to cure.Adress. Send, for :circularsand ,

"And I prefer sugar with my and I am so ,much! obliged.. i The the covers' to'be raised 'only'when the :F. J, CHENEY &'CO., 0., ""I,
fruit," said, ... she. as she dipped, a lusci- carpet is then laid on the grass' and perfume desired in the room. (Sold by Druggists, 75c.Toledo''
lit 1 I -f! '!! j':' i.. (r. fM 'il v/ 1)/!, "': -'hl! i.. Mf.iJ: ., r/fl f, ,h.il'I' ?. I 'F'[ "

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1895. THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.:: N ,, 1 441

(01 {. .,' .. t
Apiary. ABC book. By all means have your ,Most marshes are defective in potash Camphor.. -,_
hives, and fixtures of standard make and also in phosphoric acid. This Our last issue contained articleon
_ ,?V:0 rt'.cl'' :1 ,
-- -:- and size. The dovetailed'.hive'taking; : ; land gets the latter'''from the marine the camphor tree., Recently, we

For Novices. In Beekeeping.. ., the Langstroth frame,' '17/' by 9}5, clay, but needs to have a small amount learned that a large grove of these
I. I. ,
Editor. Farmer and Fruit Grower. : outside measure, is preferable to' all potash added to it. trees had been planted near San Pablo,

Now, while the of hard others;' f more' reasons than I now As for the, crops to be grown upon just east of Jacksonville, and being.desirous -
times is heavy us pressure and, have time to explain. Messrs. J. M. the Dade marsh lands, Mr. Sutton of knowing how they'stood' the
upon every possible -
source,of i income 'help bridge Jenkins, Wetumpka; Ala. (whose advertisement would strongly recommend peaches. test of last winter we interviewed the.
I l see in columns) The Peento and the ''Early'Bidwell he
them over 'is' being .considered *'The your ; owner. He had some 4,000 trees in
A. F. Brown San Mateo, Fla.; Dr. J. thinks 'would grow admirably here. all of growth. Some '
little/busy/ bee, that works:for nothingand stages over eight
,boards-itself,." should I not be over- P. H. Brown, Augusta, Ga., 'are all These marshes are ''remarkably free years old. They were all killed,.'and
looked.,. Although sections of able to supply about everything neededin from destructive insects .and worms, he had in his office part of a trunk'of)
many ;
theState offer but inducements best quality' and at lowest 'price: and peach trees would probably not be an eight-year-old tree that had! stood
:
poor Mr. J. B. Case of''Port Orange Fla. troubled much foot-rot.
by
for"apriculture on a 'commercial scale fifteen or more feet high;: near_ ,the
I think,there'arebut, few spots where, IS one of our most successful and reliable -, Reaches from the seed will bear in ground it measured thirteen inches jh

from :one to a half ,dozen colonies nearby queen breeders, and H. three years and will grow far better on diameter. Had we not seen this;trunkwe
not b'e' profitably kept for the W:;; Mitchell;, of"'Hawks Park, Fla., this soil than on the pine lands. They could not have believed it, possible -

may purpose of supplying the'household manufactures a' fine. 'quality of heavy ought hereto live ten or twelve years. to, have grown to such size .in: so
comb foundation. Grapes would also do well. The short time. 'But is
with,the healthiest sweet that earth a seeing believing.
.
produces. 'It getting a'little' late in the sea- scupperhong:'is a cultivated 'variety of We requested the privilege of' sawing -
J '
.Not everyone" rightly constituted son to:purchase'bees; in some localities i-- muscadine, which is a'natiye'of all off! a thin slab of the ,wood, and;it
i with 'the ( much' of the Southern Gulf States and should
i to become a ,successful specialist ,in hope surplusfor is now in our possession as evidencethat
this'tyear} but' when cabbage_ pal- grow here naturally. the be made
, I this line,' for, notwithstanding'the' cat- camphor can to grow
metto'plenty'and a good flow of fall But that which Mr. Sutton would to great size, under favorable condi--
II chiness of the above 1 quotation, it is ;
)
not-,exactly.true, as success in this as honey can reasonably be expected, most strongly recommend i is thegrow- tions. These do not exist now at
in 'all, other lines of effort, comes of there may yet'be' 'time'to secure some ing'of'cane for syrup. There is much Pablo Beach, but elsewhere ,in the

hard study_and.close attention to the surplus during'the current year and money in syrup, and at present there State, especially at,: Pabor Lake. .in i
requirements of the business. I believe the'cost of the bees is likely to be'less are no mills in: this State making a South Florida, no injury whateverhappening

now than earlier. specialty of this product. to the young trees, and'ours
i ,:however, 'that there are few ;
, families (that have, not one or more Owing to the killing of the black 'Florida syrup, if made properly, will we noticed, had young growing

!. members, male, or female, who can, mangrove trees by cold during the last arid retain .its flavor for an indefi-, twigs on them all through December,
after a'fashion, care for enough bees past winter, the'east coast bee keepersare nits time. Made .now in the crude January and February. We regret

tofiIl'the1home demand for ,honey and not likely to. duplicate the last way by"those who,do not properly understand the loss our friend has incurred in his

i while so.doing, learn if a larger. apiary season's crop of two hundred tons, for: :the process, it sours before ,it camphor, olive and other trees.,, He
i and a'more-productive field would be: the next two''years' at'least, though is many'mOnths old. deserved'better fortune'in a venture of

likely to"prove desirable.i there is pretty fair showing of young Those who have tasted the syrup such importance. 'But that camphCr

But with no .other' object in view plants coming''on. newly made can testify that it has a trees'can be grown in,our favored.lake

than i'thatof, making crop for homeuse W. S. HART. most delicious .flavor. If this flavor regions' there, seems, to be 'no shadowof :
.
it r [still i i is! best to start right and Hawks Park, July '7, '1895. can be'preseive'd 'the market value of a doubt.-Pabor Lake 'Pineapple.wu .

give a little ,study to the 'nature and syrup will increase Mr.Sutton says ,
habits of the bees,and the conditionsbest Muok Lands in Dade Oounty. this is merely a question of,boiling the '

calculated to make their labors The Sub soirie'time ago mentioned juice,properly.The L. DOUGLASS

productive. Many .would-be bee the trip ''made ,by D.: C. Sutton, Esq., : ,sugar cane, will reach full maturity $'3 IS'THE'.BEST.-'
keepers are deterred from, becomingsuch to the New River'country, to inspectand ; on these, lands in Dade, so far :FIT, FOR A KING.
by the l lack of knowledge as to analyze the muck lands belongingto below {the danger of extreme cold. ,.,;/i-$5.' :CORDOVAN: ?,
if//!!: FRENCH&ENAMELLEOCALZ4$3SOFINE -
how to commence or where" to get H. M., Flagler. This-is a condition which does not obtain :!'!::m i"":.. ,.i.,,. CALF&MUfSAMa.sp .
in other of the State \\\\\im'h.\\\ : :.:.HiW,.!! ..
material with which to make the first Recently'we had the pleasure of in- any; part lh"O: /''' POllCE,3 SOLES.
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s one,l wide Mr. Sutton to north of here.. Neither can the Lou :"J: ..
start. As having a acquaintance terviewing i jn regard ,\\\\\i\\ .; :. .,:.-r, )so$2.:WORKING a'S'
among f dealers, but no bees or this trip. isiana cane, fields show such an advan--;: .'\.'\.t..,"\,. ."Y:: $#'* .'exTRA"FINE, .

supplies t to dispose of, myself,. I venture The canal muck, lands are exceedingly tage. 1i1i': ; $2, .$I':. BDYS'SCHooLsHoEt

: 'to refer the reader to some of valuable, in Mr. Sut, on's ,opinion These mar lands, arevery fertile, :." .LADIESSENDFORCATALOG:' .. '., -n'...:I'-
these' even,at the risk,of a little free They show chiefly lime and veg- and cost ,but:,little, compared to the .f.:.:... $3.$2-: eESt PoNCOt "

advertising: for./them, ,and in so doing etable ''matt r. The! principal thingnot expense Bother, tracts, of Florida" .,,' : :_
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shieldVmyself( ,; from the many letters of shown is nitrogen. This' ''must be lands; .to prepare,for cultivation./ ,J-,+,., IRoCKTOH.J"1Ala.:L. D;: O U Cr J..A.: &.

inquiry'that' usually follow any published supplied.., .Crop ,of the common' field The,syrup sells for, from 50 cents to Over One Million People wear the

.communication of this kind. pea'will, in a measure, supply nitro- '$i per gallon-and,- iooo-mill, would W. L. Douglas $3''&.$4 ShoesAll
i ;dirt, get .a' good'hand book!9n bees use-about! thirty tons per day. our shoes are; equally satisfactoryThey
I an .study' it. This will .prove ,to be gen.Muck lands vary almost as much 'as Such,a,mill would employ about six give the b lvalue; for the money.
anything but a task after you once pinelands do, 3: d.i, i it is a difficult men. ,This, of course, does not in- They equal wearing custom qualities shoes are In unsurpa.sed.style and fit.

get. 'nferested. Qf all ,such there is thing, without making an accurate clude the cutters.- .,' .", in the canefields or The From prices$i to arc$3 saved unlform..stamped over other.makes on.010.,. ',.
none. better for, the beginner than the and, extensive analysis, ,tq say just the Jiauling\ / If your dealer cannot. supply you we can.. '
A.:,'B.:,C.: of Bee ,Culture, 1.25'' by A. what-they are capable of Rice would,grow here well,and it is

I. Boot, Medina, :'Ohio. For a journal l, The' Biscayne ,Bay 'mucks, how-: a profitable: crop. A good cleaningmill

Gleanings,, in ;:Bee Culture, $1.00 per ever, ,vary very little. The land appears would cost about, 4000. The METAL
year by the A. I. Root" Co., of the to' be very similar ,throughoutthe rice straw: also makes a very fine WHEEL

same place, or The American Bee entire, section, and the soil ,is paper. The green rice harvested is

Journal l",George \y;. York. &,Co., No. heavier' in character.. than. that. further, excellent' forage /for cattle. for yourWAGO.N'S '

56'.Fifth, Avenue. Chicago, ., $.i.oo; peryear. north. Mr.. Sutton is enthusiastic over syrup, .
j-'.' The fresh water marshes decompose rice and peaches, in the order named, Any size yon want,80 ,

Bees can be found In the woods, and generateacids, injurious, plants. as money-producing crops for Dade. to 56 In.high. Tires 1 _
with'a little trouble, in some localities; This is not the case with the salt He is well prepared to express an to fit 8 any wid&-hub.axle.' Haves to -

bought,or settlers, who have, them in marshes of Dade; the shell here pre- opinion' on'these matters,''having madea I a Cost season many to times have get in '- _
boxes or, log gums, or purchased of vents it.The life study of them. He was for a longtime of loir wheels to fit

some of' the apiarists of 't the State, Dade marshes are made up manager pf Hamilton Disston's I your grain wagon, fodder for, hauling manure, ,
whose nam sve occasionally see in principally marine clay-and a large St. Cloud sugar and rice plantation.Later bogs &0. No resetting of --_
the local l 'papers;: in; up-to-date hives amount of shell. This is a comparatively for seVeral years, he was direc- .tires.BAEPIRB Oatl'g free.MFG.Address CO.,

and of'pure-blooded' stock. The prices recent formation, geologically.There tor of the government experiment fey, 111,-

are'low'at' : present, ranging from'$3 to ,is scarcely any, ,phosphate1. 'in the station at Runnymede. ,
$5' for the 'last-iiamedi; while:those in land. If some' of the new colonists will SAW'MiLL

primitive habitations! may be found at The more the soil is worked the now put into operation the plans above FARMER'S I works successfully with 4
the better it will become. The shell outlined for the developmentof h< p.. also Grinding, Mills
$r to $3, according to locality or proper and WaterWheels, '" l ,
the needs of.the1 seller. should be reduced'',to lime, which will Dade's'' opportunities, a wonderful
Transferring and Italianizing can be have a tendency to neutralize easilythe impetus will be given to our growthin DeLoach Mill Mfg. Co..

easily-learned by a little'study of the acids.. population and in wealth. 323SHIghland! Ave., Atlanta, Ga.
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I ii i 442' THE FLORIDA FARMER AND, lIB -/' BOWEB.1 I JULY 13, .


1j Pear Older. washed away the decayed vegetation, Entitled to Protection..
J ji j Florida Farmer and Fruit Grower. It should not be forgotten that good the fertility which the high lands'! -

a pears make as palatable cider as ap- prepared for themselves, into the< The people living in small communities

11, TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTIONFor ples. In England it is esteemed even swamps, thereby robbing them; and that have been incorporatedunder

One Year '................,..............12.00 above apple cider and is sold as. highas that is where one must go to recover the general laws of the State
For Six Months...... .................. ..... 1.00< :
In Foreign Countries ....................... 3.00I < wine. The better the pears the this lost fertility and bring it back. by the acts of the Legislature are en-
I Subscriptions in all cases cash in better the cider, of course. The pears The gilt edge orange-grower, with his; titled to proteetion. They are now
advance. No discount allowed on one's should be allowed to become ripe and< costly fertilizer. must not sneer at the by the act of the last Legislature

own agents subscription a liberal(except cash commission a club), but will tall well mellowed (but not dry and mealy, patient muck digger. The sandy placed at the mercy of every cattle

r : he allowed on all subscriptions obtainedby as Le Contes are apt to do), to dimin- pine lands, (wtth a perfect fertilizer,;) owner. The towns pay the taxes that
them. Write for terms. ish the quantity of gum and developthe ] for oranges; the hammocks, the support the State government, for
r To every new subscriber we will send greatest possible quantity of sugaras swamps, the flatwoods for the cereals, town property is taxed more than that
r f postpaid, a copy of Whitner's "Garden- in the The towns not only
For two subscribers well as the highest flavor; and they; the forage crops and the vegetables.In country. .
' in Florida. new
!I ing at $2.00 each, we will send should be well crushed that the pulp ,. rocky and worn-out New Eng- have to pay higher taxes than the cat-
:
.i j postpaid, a copy of Moore's "Orange may be immediately put to press be- land the farmers are turning to their tlemen, but they also have .to feed, in

';1 Culture." fore fermentation commences.Of swamps for a new lease of life. The( many cases, the cattle belonging to
Ij Rates of advertising on application. the said There is a law
; course it is best to employ one; < Massachusetts Plowman says good countrymen.
Remittances should be made by check,
; order or registered of the modern improved mills and swamp muck is worth more than stable against driving. the cattle into large
note.
: ; postal money
letter to order of presses. The 'Enterprise combined manure, load for load, to be hauled towns so they can be impounded, but

1'1 FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER. fruit, wine and jelly press, costing and spread upon the land. This maybe none for the cattleman who drives

Jacksonville Fla. $3.00, may be obtained of the S. B. open to question, but whether true his cows into the small town to feedon i

Hubbard Company, Jacksonville, Fla., in Florida or not, the stable manure is I the property of its inhabitantsand
I NOTICE !II and it will answer a good purpose ina not to be had and the muck is. I to roam through its well kept

small way, after the pears have< It is often charged that. drained. streets to the danger and annoyance :
I If you receive a copy of this been more or less pulped in a barrel. swamps in this State have no durabil of the people. The great objec

( paper which you did not order The pears may be placed about three ity, but give out under a few years' tion on the part of many of the 1

I consider it an invitation to sub- deep, in a stout barrel with its bottom steady cropping. This is doubtlessdue legislators is that they may lose the t

scribe. If you do not want it, resting on a board to prevent it from to the lack of potash which i is; cattlemen's vote. With some others JJ

kindly handit to a neighbor. being knocked out and pounded up universal in the sandy soils of Florida. they own some of the cattle themselves I

t fine with a broad-faced wooden maul. The soil of a swamp cannot be expect. and do not wish to deprive

t I l CONTENTS. Have another barrel with holes in ed to have any elements except thoseof themselves of'their especial privilege.For .

I I .- the bottom, put in it two or three the surrounding country from whichit them both there is only one thing. ;

State News...................'...... ........ 434 inches of clean wire-grass hay, put is obtained. A swamp is simply a.. They must do their duty to the townsor
East Coast Notes-Editorial Correspondence, 435 the pulp on this, set the barrel on a deposit of countless generations of lose the votes of the citizens of

. I Peaches in..West....!...Florida.......;..Defense...:. ...of...Boone'sEarly ....;. 736* wide board slanted enough to carry grass and forest leaves condensed i these small places. There are in the ,
the down wooden follower canned for future Legislature many broad and fair-
i Waxing Strips in Budding; Wine-Making. 437I juice put a up use.
I Wrapping Buds-Wood Lice; $100 Rewardfor on the pulp and rig a purchaseon minded members and to them we look
a Man Opposed to the Stock Law; it with a lever. for the repeal of the 1,200 inhabitant .
How Southern Land Was Reclaimed,. .... 438? Cider in which fermentation has Pears Not Bearing. law that is a disgrace to the advanced
POULTRY-Something Original About Roup; Editor Farmer and 1'ruit-Grower :
Notes ............... .... ................ 439 gone on slowly, which has not be- .I would be pleased to have '.you tell civilization Coast Gazette.of the State of' Florida.- i
OUR RURAL HOME-Among Our Home Folks; come acetous, which is properly
me in next what will make
Hints for Home Economists; Kelsey racked off from one cask to another, your paper -- ..
I Plums; The Chafing Dish.... ........... 440 and which is not too bottled pear trees bear, if possible. I have a
APIARY-For Novices in Beekeeping......... 441! soon few trees, but they will not bear.I The Farmer's Gold.
Muck Lands'in Dade County; Camphor..... 441 will keep for many years and retainits heard that if you put ashes or i
Pear Cider; Swamps and Flatwoods; Pears life and palatableness without be- potash around them it would make It is well for farmers to look .after
Not Bearing; Bombyx; Entitled to Protection ing intoxicating, unless drank in their ,gold; not only the gold they
them hold their bloom but T
f ; The Farmer's Gold............. 442 great quantities the American want to but the
( says know what will make them bloom. possess, gold they may possess,
: Markets; A Pleasure Trip......to..to.. .... 443 Cider The
Maker. Worcestershireand
if they will but save the means of
Peach and Pear; How Best to Fertilize; Some My trees are healthy, but they won't
Hertfordshire cider of England, bringing it in. A small compost heap
Uses of Potash; Rot Among Early Toma .
I! toes; San Jose Scale.................u... 44:( for instance, will keep for twenty or bloom.I remain by the side of the garden, where weeds ;
: Weather and Crops............ ................. 445; thirty years; and the best cider pro- yours respectfully, and waste matter can be saved, will
; Arose From Their Ashes. .... .........I ...... 44<6 duced here is at its prime several Crescent City Fla. K. PAT. jingle out a gold dollar or two the fol-
> ,
: after it is bottled. But the cider (
Weather in Jacksonville. years lowing year if used in your corn hills.
i
f must be of good quality and particu- The fruitfulness of deciduous trees A compost heap in the barnyard, ,
Week Ending July i, 1895
larly adapted to cider makingnotthe decreases as you go south from the where bedding from horses, straw from ]

a" a ti.b//) a:I ';d ... : refuse; of the orchard, ordinarily true deciduous fruit belt. It is un- house beds, droppings from cattle in i
DATE. a gj p. QS.$..:.I S QS"o.CO .oJ.; aIi w thrown into the cider mill ; and the profitable to contend against nature. the yard can be piled, will bring forth '

1 -. -::;: -=a -= process of manufacture must be You may supply a complete fertilizer, gold in your next year's hay crop. All '

June 25. .. .81 i8 95 64 21'' 80 .08 watched with as much closeness as strong in potash, as you would for or- the wood ashes from your fires are
....... I
June 26. .77 72 91 22 .87
'I is observed in
June ......... 71 91 71 20'' 81 18 wine vats. When ange trees, then if your pear trees do worth many dollars sown on your
......... 82 21 80 .12 cider is made with such scientific
I June ....... 91 70 not bear you may conclude that theyare grassland. I use plenty of wood
: June 29. .So. 76(i 91 74 17 82 .T
June 30 t. ....78 83 91 72 19 82 ...... skill it will become more and morea out of their latitude. Still, we ashes in my hennery, which 1 'mix n
: July I......... ..79- 84- 94- 76- -18 8s- -.... favorite beverage; and people who have known occasional instances with the droppings, and find it a great

Mean .......78 78" 92 72 20 82 *1.25 cannot afford to buy champagne, or where the Le Conte has borne well gold' producer in my: vegetable gardenand

.Total rainf l1. whose temperance scruples forbid some years much further south than potato crop; it is also a great fertilizer -

T Trace. A. J. MITCHELL, Observer.A them using the more intoxicating Crescent City If. your trees will not for corn and grass. A compost 1
drinks, will fill their glasses with bear after such a cold winter as last heap under the hoghouse window will

foaming cider hardly less agreeableto winter was, you may well question not only produce golden-eared corn,
farmer near Avon Park by the
the taste. their to the the u
but The
adaptation
locality. gold. more compost
name of Connell, who hails from near .
farmer enrich his land ;
can produce to ,
Brockport, Monroe County, N. Y.,, Swamps and Flatwoods.The .
the he will for it is l
Bombyx. more gold possess,
from five acres ,of tomatoes sold 1,000 brilliant but eccentric authorof
Gold.-A. F. D.
"The Farmer's
crates, which netted him $2.25, or the much quoted remark as to the A correspondent in Braidentownsent
$2,250 profit from the five acres. It "harmless amusement" of handling us an entomological specimen ,

would be hard to find five acres in the muck, in his latest utterances shows which he ventured to believe is some- F. Barron, of Evinston called at

North that.'wpuld:?' be- as profitable as that time has changed his views on thing new. Professor P. H. Rolfs, of "The Sun" office yesterday and renewed -

that.We '.. this subject somewhat. The pioneers the: Experiment Station, to whom it his subscription. He informs t j
reprintedthe above item from avoided the flafwoods as a rule and was forwarded, writes : us that early corn in his section is in

the Avon Park correspondence of the swamps they steered wide of, but the The orange leaves and caterpillarwere excellent: condition, but the crop

Times.Union and the item has since sentiment of the State is turning that quite dry, the latter .so much so planted later in the season has suffered''

gone the round of the State. We are way now more and more. They say that; about the only thing that could be for the want of rain: and the yield will

informed on credible; authority: that it. in Texas "There is nothing like said about it is that it belongs to the be small. The truck farmers are about
without foundation leather." In Florida there is and in few instances
is wholly that nothing Bombycid through shipping, very :
there is no such person as Connell like water. I judge the specimen had been in have they made anything. I(

who receives mail at Avon Park. In the course of ages the rains the; mail a long time. Gainesville Sun.

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1895. THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. 443

-

j no arrivals stock cleaned up closely and THE
flarkets Wednesday the market was fully 25c

higher some of the finest marks of Rose
JACKSONVILLE, FLA., July 12. reaching 325. Very little trade Thurs- FIRST NATIONAL BANK OF FLORIDA

FRUITS AND PRODUCE. day and Friday with liberal offerings ,
Corrected by Marx Bros. $3.00 became extreme and general sales
These are quotations. Extra choice JACKSONVILLE.The
average .
ors fetch prices above top quotations, while poor of prime Rose were from $2.25 to $2.75
ots sell lower. with fair to prime. Chili red $1.75 to Oldest National Bank in the State.This
Plums, Kelsey, per crate..... ....... i.oo extreme. Sat- .
latter
3rapes per crate ........... ......... 1.25101.50 $2.50 figure Today Bank, after twenty years of successful business has just undergone a rigid special examination
\Pears; per bbh... .................. ...1.50 to 2.00times urday supply was large and $2.50 to $2.75 by the United States Comptroller's Department,and has had its charter extended for an-
per 100. .. .. .;........ .. ... .40 became full for finest Rose. Eastern other period of twenty years .
Vpples crate ........... ..............i.oo to 1.25, Shore still 'run small in size By conservative, yet liberal methods, this bank has achieved the highest reputation for solidity,
teaches crate................. ...... 1.25. potatoes strength and ability to meet all legitimate demands.We .
Mums bus.... ... .... ..........'.....i.oo to 1.50 though qualtity is somewhat improvedand invite a visit or correspondence, looking toward business relations, assuring that
English Peas bu..... ,....:.......... .... 1.60 some markshave, been good enoughto favors shall at all times receive intelligent and careful attention. you your
:tocoanuts.... ... .............. 3-5 in with Norfolk and North .Carolina -
teanuts. best brand...... ........... 4 to ;5 go JAMES M. SCHUMACHER, R. C. COOLEY
iabbage, bbl.... ... ................. 1.50 stock at the same price. At the'close President. Cashier.
pineapples, each, scarce............. 06 to .08 a little stock has arrived from Long
,vtatoes .... .... .. .......... 3.50 Island and advices from Jersey report Safe Deposit Boxes For Rent.
talons, Egyptian, 2 bu. sack..'.' .... 2.50
tggs....... .. ..................... ....... .iI'l that shipments will commence next .
VEGETABLES AND POULTRY. week; the stock has been very good for DAVIDSON: & co.
' and few sales have been ,
| Corrected by Davis & Robinson.' first arrivals a '
,.ellow Yams, bush. ........ .......... .75 to i.oo made as high as $3.00 though that figure COMMISSION
weet Pota toe!*. ... ..... ...... ........ .75; is extreme. MERCHANTS.HEADQUARTERS .
generally
fcV1* new......... .... ....... i.oo
tubbard squash, bbl............ .....1.25 to i.50ettuce Vegetables.
doz.... ....................... 15 to .25; FOR FLORIDA FRUITS.
elery, Kalamazoo..... ........-.-.... 40 to 50 Receipts of Southern vegetables since
:'gg Plants, bbl.............. ........ 1.50 to 2.00 Monday include the following: Penn. ORANGES, LEMONS, PINEAPPLES, EARLYjVEGETABLES/ OF ALL KINDSNo.
demand.......... to
omatoes, crates no 35 .50
weet Pepper, bu .............. ....... i.oo Railroad 7,603 crates beans, 98 cab- 20 West Front Street, Cincinnati, Ohio.
kra, bu, ..... ...... .................. .75 to I.GO bage, 11,147 cucumbers, 10,200 tomatoes,
teen Beans ........... ......... .. .... 75 to i.oo 7,167 onions and 1,000 various; Old Do-
fl4 Peas................ ....... ... i.oo C.A. IFORN"I.A.: :
arnips, bunch........................ .03 to .04 minion line, 600 cabbage, 12,400 beans,
cumbers, crate..................... .25 to .50 1,775 tomatoes, 2,475 bbls. and 9,700
impkins, each...................... 0510 .15; crates cucumbers. Savannah line 15,000 ORANGELEMON TREES
.. to
each
ershaws irsley,per daz. bunches ...,,,,;;... 05 .15.20 pkgs. vegetables.Egg ,
rrots,Fla., per doz.bunches........ .20 to .25; Plant-N. 0. case, 1.00 to 1.50;
een onions,per doz. bunches....... .15 to .25; Fla. i bbl., 1.00 to 1.25. AT LESS THAN OUR OLD PRICES FORT
........
pper,hot bushel, none.... 1.50 to 2.00 1.00
ge well cured. lb..................... loto. 15na Squash-Fla. marrow, bbl. crates, ;
Beans, shelled, qt,....... ....... 8 to 10 Norfolk summer, i bbl. 50 to 75. 'LOI IDA Gi.Ow1: : T S rC1: :
.... '..-............................. .30 Tomatoes-Jersey per box, 1.25 to 1.50; _
>sters..........*.................... .25; Ch'n carrier Choice old Buds old Sweet Roots. Homosassa and and
ilers................................ .15 to .25; carrier, 1.50 to 2.50; per Lemons at 2 year cents each on 4 year Jaffa Orange Lisbon
rkeys, per pound,gross...........,.. .10 1.00 to 1.25; Save per carrier, 75 to 1.00; 50 old Tangerine, Malta and Blood Tardiff and Mediterranean Sweets and
.. .............. .......... Strong one year Ruby
..
icks.. .. .25 to .30 Fla. per carrier, 50 to 70; Miss. per case, Satsumas on 3 YE'arold Sour roots at 40 cents each. Villa Franca, Lisbon and Eureka; Lemon same,
ese. poor demand .... .............. I have in and .
w Beets per 100. '...................... .25 to .50 40 to 60. price. samples my yard they are
.ter Cress, per doz................. .25; .
riiflower doz....... ........... .... 75 to 2.00 STRICTLY FIRST CLASS AND WELL GROWN.Send
ckberries, qt........... .......... 1 Pineapple Prices. .
ckleberries.. ....... .... .... .... 06 to .07
ilons .......;....... ............ .3to ..offteloupea in fair receipt me your orders at once so as to get trees in time for the coming. rainy season. 25 per cent
bbl..... ..... ........i.oo to 1.50 New York-Pines are in advance, balance on receipt of trees.
ks perdoz bunches......... ..... 25; and choice move well; the range is from C. A. :BOONE, Agt.,
.... 3.00 to 12.00 per 100 for strawberry pines Oriaxndo F1Et.
New York Market. and 6.00 to 12.00 for sugar loaf pines. --

ears-Georgia Le Conte pears are ar- PittsburgPineapples, Havana, per
ing quite freely, but nearly all: offeringsof 100, 8.00 to 16.00; Florida, per crate, 5.50 The ground on which those dealers

small size, and prices range low;, to 6.50. who prophesy high oranges for a pe- QUICK WORK
being good enough to realize outsideres. 1.Pittsburg-.-. riod of several months, beginning with ,

Market. November next, base their belief, is 1 > In selling and paying for Fruits and Veg-
The has been some- etables shipped to is motto. WE _
'caches- supply > us our
the fact that the Florida fruit, being > GIVE GOODS SENT US BY GROWERS
from Georgia offerings
at larger gen- Pears-Per bushel, 1.50 to 2.50. FIRST
> PLACE BECAUSE WE NEVER
lly of small size and< more or less de- Grapes-Ives, per lb., 4 to 5; Concord, very scarce, will necessarily be high, > BUY OURSELVES. They are protected
ive, and prices range low and irregu- 6 to 8. and that this will result in advancingthe % by our 40 years experience without defaulting -
stock is in moderate supply from to 2.00 > n dollar. Enquire as to our standing
Canteloupes-Per bushel, 1.25 ; price on all oranges. Many deal- and financial stability which any bank or
..h and South Carolina, and seldom as per bbl. and crate, 2.50 to 4.00. ers state that neither the California nor merchants having mercantile reports can
d as Georgia offerings, and most sales Watermelons-Florida, per 100, 10.00to verify-then try us-WE BELIEVE; OUR
the Mediterranean oranges can 'com METHOD WILL SATISFY YOU; Send .
within ranges quoted. 20.00 car, 125.00 to 150.00; Geor-
; per for Stencil and
name our quotations.
with the Florida fruit to your
'apes-The demand is moderate, and gia, per car, 125.00 to 150.00; per 100, pete owing cards free. Letters promptly answered.
light offerings from Florida sell slow- 10.00 to 20.00.CucumbersBarrel. the latter's superior quality, and for

,s quoted, only. few fancy higher 1.50 to 4.00; t that reason neither of the two formercan FRENCH & CO.,

lons-Eeceipts this week 195 cars bushel basket, 40 to 50. reduce the status of the general
pst 145 last week; the demand has Egg Plant-Per bushel, 1.25 to 1.50. 116 Warren St,, New York.
i moderate, and while the melons SOMERS, BRO. & Co. market.-Philadelphia Grocery World.
ESTABLISHED; ; 1855.
e been of very fair quality prices haved 4
weak and lower; a few fancy Geor- .

reached 20.00 per 100 at the close, A Pleasure Trip. The quality of a melon is largely

most sales were from about 14.00 to dependent on the soil it grows upon.
), and Florida sell largely at 12.00 to The writer of this article has just returned Deep, coarse and clear sand properly Bradley Redfleid. Eugene B. Rcdjlcld
from a.trip North, going and coming
) per 100, with straight carloads'rang-
the Line from Jacksonville. fertilized produces the best water- ESTABLISHED 1871.
nainly from 100.00 to 175.00. Muskns by Clyde
in liberal supply from Charleston, Their ships are certainly the finest in the melon. It is always a sure crop in REDFIELD & SON ;
,
1.00 has become top for bushel bask- business and we would advise all who such soil here. We have but one sea-

or poor lower. Florida are going North, either for health, pleasure son for melons, and that terminateswith

widely in quality, and prices irregu- With or the profit elegant, to go staterooms by the Clyde and abundance Line.- the month of July, and all effortsto Commission MerchantsAND

iars, Georgia LeConte, 1.50 to 3.50; of dainty dishes set out on the din- make a late or a fall crop are a fail -

1 50c to 1.00; plums, Georgia Botan, ing tables, one ought really to get fat be- ure, but this is when the markets are

arrier 2.00 to 2.75; peaches, Georgia tween Jacksonville and New York. supplied from Northern growers.- Fruit Auctioneers

tson, per carrier, 2.00 to 2.50; E.ltiv75 Texas Stockman. ,
Amelia 1.75 to 2.25. fiat .
/pOc to to 2.25 1.00;; grapes,,Florida Niagara, A Liberal Offer. .--._ .-_.. 141 Dock Street, Philadelphia, Pa.

(till carrier, 2.50 to 3.00; muskmel- We handle all kinds of Fruits and Vegetable,
harleston Gem bu. basket, 75o Messrs. F. W. Bird & Son, East i Mr. Colyer, who lives on the Ba- either at private sale (which has heretofore been
: per river side of the peninsula was our custom) or by the auction system (recently
Mass. offer to send entirelyfree nana ,
500 toper
bbl. basket Walpole
; Florida, per | added to our business) as you may desire.FRUIT .
bbl., 1.00 to 2.50; watermelons, to any of our subscribers a full in town Wednesday buying cats. He

ia, per 100, 12.00 to 18.00, Florida, line of samples of their Neppnset Red wanted two dozen cats to turn into rLZJ3ES.: :

0, 12.00 to 10.00; Florida and Geor- Rope' Roofing Fabric. This fabric is his garden among the vegetables. The

,:arload, 100.00 Potatoes.to 175.00. waterproof, wind-proof, frost-proof. rats are doing so much damage he is FOR

j, and better than shingles. obliged to do something for protec-
has been moderate this Cheaper SOUTHERN ORCHARDS.
supply
)and with a good demand the mars Takes the place of shingles or clap tion. He had the most of the small

ruled steady though prices gene- boards on out-houses and back plasterin boys in a very scratched condition before Write for Catalogue and price list.JENNINGS' .

low The market opened Monday dwelling Any one can put it on, night, but succeeded in carrying
CO.
NURSERY
2,00 to $2.75 for prime Rose, only and we advise our readers to send fora away a goodly number of the felines. ,

.fancy marks higher with Chili red --Florida Star. Thom vlll., Ga.
line of their samples.
ally $2.00 to $2.25 Tuesday with



-. -j I '.., :. -. .', '
'-" --










444 TUB! FLORIDA P.ABMER.AND. :IT-GROWER. JULY 13,

---
.
l .
'
Peach and Pear. from the same cause. A dressing of times the crop is ruined because the

wood ashes, or where this cannot be plants were raised in the same soil that

With the introduction of the Le- had of muriate of potash, will securea tomatoes had been cultivated in for

Conte pear and the Elberta peach an seeding where without it there have a dozen seasons. If the rot is'a nuis-

impetus was given to Southern horti-- been repeated failures of clover to ance try raising your own plants. 'Select -

culture which had before been un catch. Heavy soils have usually a new ground and start them there,

known, In regard to the LeConte considerable amount of potash, but and fill the forcing box with soil ob-

pear I can truly say that they have even on these a potash dressing often tained far from the old tomato patch.

brought much money into the South, gives beneficial results, for it presentsthe Little trouble will then be experiencedfrom

that they are good shippers and keepers mineral plant-food in available the tomato rot.James Cunning.

and that some people have been form. ham, in American, Cultivator.

known' to say that they like to eat THE COLOR OF FRUIT. .

them-but further than this they are Shortest Quickest Most
AttractiyiO (
San Scale.
I'' Northern fruit growers know that Jose ,
wofully lacking in merit. The same "
the color of their fruit is dependent -- :
largely :R. 1J -rE: :
can -be said of the Kieffer pear. But This introduced into
on the amount of available pest was two

1 as,to the Elberta peach, as it grows in potash which the soil contains. This nurseries in .New Jersey from Cali- FLORIDA' POINTS BETWEEN, liI) ,THE 9'NORTH
its Southern home one cannot well .
with sunlight aids in the developmentof fornia. Since that time jts distribu- THE '
too much in its praise. It is nearest -
say both color, and fine flavor. A Cali- tion has been going on yearlY'' from Florida Central and Peninsular
of of fruit
to perfection variety
any fornia ''Mr. G. W. Pres- these, centers, and it is now found far
orange grower
'
this
if that has yet been produced upon cott, has found that iron heightenedthe and wide. The experiment station, NEW-. THROUGH ROUTES,

4! globe. I know what I am saying color of his product and made it New Brunswick, N. J.. has issued a T New York to Jacksonville't:
when I make this statement, for I New Florida Pennsylvania E.' B.'to1 Wash'-
"' more salable. His oranges were orig- special bulletin on the snbject! that and 1 Columbia Hallway t;(<
have been it and it for
growing eating NorthernAir Florida
Central t
should be in the hands of fruit
more than ten It has not one inally very pale, but by using five every Line.Cincinnati Peninsular to all principa. .
years. pounds ofiron filings around his trees, grower in the State. The bulletin J points in'Florlda.Cincinnati .
of. It is
single fault that I know as
the color has been changed to a dark says that this scale is in some respectsthe to Jacksonville bj
be in Queen & Crescent Chat
near perfection as anything can
yellow, with increased quality of fruit. most important' insect introducedinto and }nooga Southern'R'y to Eve
this world. Some has asked if Florida
one ette, Florida Central'& PeniL
there is fruit in nature that So much iron filings probably made the State within recent years. Its Limited., sular to all important. Florid, ,
appears
any '' "
the soil more open and porous. If wide' range of food-plants, 'its mar points.
'.as fine as the colored plates the catalogues the iron served food small velous of multiplication and l Kansas City Kansas City, Fort Scott
powers ,
as plant a
Memphis R.R.to Kansas Cit
is
there the
: Yes
E give ? one- andJacksonville
,
quantity would have been sufficient. its deadly effect upon the infested ,}.to Birmingham, Southern R
f Elberta President Berckmansthe
peach. to Everette, Fla. Central
Thro'- Line
all make it of
trees a the first
pest Peninsular to all TF1&,'
originator of this variety (No, POTASH FOR PEACH TREES. point
rank. No farmer ought to considerthe Louis to Jacksonville
Samuel Rumph was the originator. All stone fruits require liberal sup- matter unimportant to 1St. Short Line to Du Quo!-

Editor) was unusually modest in pre- plies of potash. Peaches require more, enough Holly Sp'ga Central to Holly Sp'<
neglect, even though he has only a Route. City, Memphis &B
senting it' to the public. 'It was 'the because the stone is larger, and also J mingham to Birmingham;SoB'y '
;; 'of twelve thousand because the trees almost single tree. to Everette and F. C.&
one good peach out are always
The bulletin gives effective remediesfor Sioux City & Chicago to Jac
seedlings, and he placed it quietly inI'll planted on sandy soil, which is defi- sonville. Ill. Cent.' to Hol
the but recommendations Holly Sp'gs
I'll his catalogue, without booming it inv cient in potash. It is the attempt of pest, its Route. }Sp'gs, K.,,-C.M. & B. to Bi f I
should not unheeded. Carefullyand mingham Sou. Wy.to' Ev ,
the least. We of the South had it the tree to perfect: its fruit with an in- go I etteandtheF.C.-&P.: I

and enjoyed it long before the North adequate supply of potash that weak- thoroughly examine every tree and .Louis'ille& Nash'ille to Bi 1
'
'
'
every shrub received from nurseries New Orleans Junction; F. C. & P. o
knew anything about it ; and now I ens its vitality and predisposes the tree To route with through slee 1
before
setting them out and when-
see that both North and South it is to attacks of the yellows. This diseaseis Jackso'vllleThe Jacksonville between! ]New: : Orleans., t
is noticed
ever anything suspicious
destined to stand at the head of the one of bacterial but ; reject 1
germs ; they F.
the'stock'rather than it' ''into i C. & P. has 700 miles of traok
list. Thousands of acres have been work most freely on trees whose vi- put Florida running through, ,the,, I
the field and the risk of ,
run losing not ,Tobacco Regions,
planted in this variety, and as it is a tality has been weakened. It was only that which has 'been :Stock Farming' and Dairy Section a

good shipper, a good eating peach, once believed that liberal doses of just : planted' Peach and StrawberryLands, C
but also everything else that ,may be Orange, Banana and.Pineapple. Country
and an1 abundant and regular bearer, potash would cure trees'affected by the in the Phosphate Belt. '

it promises 'great things for its pos- yellows. This is now contradicted by vicinity. Has the Other'Fine Sliver, Spring Scenery.and, !' P

sessors., -Fruit Growers Journal. the best authorities,but no one doubts The Great Hunting,Country. b

>--4 the effectiveness of potash in keepingthe Reaches the Noted'Flahbigrounds.
Has the best lands for'tillage, greatest vt
How Best to Fertilize. trees healthy and preventing di- LeaveDoubtful ety of soils in the State, and above all (

sease.-American Cultivator. Runs over the Central Rldgrela
Fertilizers soluble than m
are more Seeds alone. The best Where It Is High andHealthy.
barnyard manure and give the plantsan /.1 are easy to get, and cost no Prosperous towns flu its route and it oil_r
The Rot Among Early Tomatoes.In more. Ask your dealer for the best freight ''facilities:for any productL
early start, enabling'' the roots'to the Northern markets. Send for the pope C1
.
'sooner reach out and utilize the ma- FERRY'S'SEEDS song! ,,
sections of the country where "MY FLORIDA HOME' Clm
nure. It is safe to utilize all kinds of I '
with its spirited words and beautiful
early tomatoes are as valuable mi
manure, with fertilizers, for the reason grown descriptive of an actual Florida, Home, *i h
crops the chief trouble i is the rot, and } which is gotten up in elegant style-:;-Six' ps
that ,coarse, unrotted manure is often frequently serious loss is Always the'' best, Known of full sized best music paper,containing| u
spread on the land when it can be of very occa- everywhere. Ferry's Seed a picture of a home in Florida and a hunt i
sioned. Annual for 1895 tells you scene. It Is mailed on receipt of 10 cents,
no service until it decomposes, and From what, how, and when to plant. stamps,to pay expense of distribution., )' : I, e
the soluble fertilizer'sustains the my own experience I have Sent!i'ree. Get it. AddressD. Send also for tne'best map of Florida (i f(,
more found 'that tomato plants set out in M. FERRY& CO., free, ) and- note, ,the towns on its route. f I.
crop to that stage of growth when the Detroit, Mich.FraudBRsFruitWrappers.. A. O. MAODONELL, G.P/ or
soil where
new tomato '
a
crop was Jacksonville,
manure will have become suitable for al

thus the operations service.of the rootlets, and attacked never before by this raisedare disease.rarely Sometimesif if ,ever ., II The Fla. Cent, & Peninsular r R., :I b';

perform Many cropsare the tomato plants are obtained from ''Offers to Shippers j heU
lost the immediately
by available manure but not being the growers where the rot is prevalent the The 'Shortest' and' Q Quickest 1 Route -f(
by judicious -
crop on the new land is injured. The ,
> {Jail
BETWEEIf
use of both manures and fertil--
iiers early'tomatoes begin 'to rot on one side NO MORE CHEATING. FLORIDA AND ALL POINTS

early start the and crops are not fully only supplied secure with an just before ripening, and this spoils Consumers of Fruit ,Wrappers may THE", EAST, AND; WEST.,, jlee

their; sale. now know that they get an honest ream With Improved Ventilated Cars, this the plant food from the beginning Is better equIpped than-ever eve'OU'' '
pany
One season will be enough to infect of 480 sheets and not 400 or 320 sheetsto handle the Orange and' Vegetable Crops he
but the manure itself is rendered more the soil, and the second will be ream as some unscrupulous dealers insure close] connections and prompt de'sri ,
crop to an Eastern and Western Markets., -
available by being balanced or con- supply. open
verted into food.- entirely spoiled. The only safe way is OUR '"FAIR AND Through:oars to destination w i
complete plant not, to plant the crop twice in succes- SQUARE"Printed out change or delay. r'

Connecticut Farmer. sion on the same field.The'question'ofh Wrappers are put up in packages Perishable, by wire ouiort
..-... of 1000 each, and each Wrapper is shippers advised time passing various )
Some Uses of Potash. w long it takes to numbered in tion points and arrival at destination. th
printing, consecutively All claims for overcharges and, loss
efface all signs of infection has not from 1 to 1000. No one can ly Justed.. er,
CRIMSON CLOVER AND POTASH. been decided. I have seen it attackan HONESTLY BEAT See 'that I your- goods are P3 hilsal

of crimson clover shows via F. C. '& P. R.R., .
Analysis early crop after two of rest
years our prices Send for sampler and prices
For information call on or address tb!
that it has a large proportion of pot. and it may be that three years will not toTHE dersigned: I IO. arn

ash. Some of the failures to it entirely suffice. In .' E. TAYLOR, Trav. A'gt. Ocala,Flaj .
grow purchasing
plantsone JERSEY CITY CO.
PRINTING w. D; TUCKER, Gen.AWi Orlando, 1 ,on
especially on sandy soil, are probably cannot be too particular about inquiring ', JERSEY CITY, N. J. ,. O. M. HOLDEN, Trav. A' !gt. Leesburg ,btejtto,
w. u.
due to a deficiency of potash. The into the nature of the ground N. B.-We do not deal in unpririted Or N. S. PENNI'NGTON,1railie. : Lanai

common red clover frequently fails they' were raised in. A great Jacksonville;Fl
many wrappers. .. W, H. PLEASANTS, General Freight ear s


i 4 tiin sj



.- ." .........', '"--.Jtf., ....;;.... --.,.. .." ., .... .. .. ....-.-. '.",./ "








,, .
'
> '; .. .
'.... .. -' ... ."n .

1895" .. . .. .. .' ,,,.. THE FLORIDA' FARMER. AND FRUIT-GROWER., 44,5. .

-,, -
WEATHER AND CROPS. are good, in Baker
county, exceptingthe '
Kelsey plum, which has been e 'e ..

JACKSONVILLE,. FLA., July 9,1895. ruined by worms. Marked attentionis
Fertilizers for Fall
WEATHER CONDITIONS. ,being paid orange trees in St. Johns Crops

; county. The week was favorable for
Tempera- preclpita- Sun- such work. Orange sprouts doing g should contain a high percentage of Potash to

DISTRICT -ture-, ((1)) tion. (,) -shine finely. Excepting small sections of insure the largest yield and a permanent enrichment .

NorCur- NorCur- Suwannee and Madison counties "favorable .
For Week 2
mal rent mal rent. of the soil.
conditions the dis
-- prevail over
trict. Write for our "Farmers' Guide," a 142-page illustrated book. It

e Western... 81 79 1.47 216 ]...; Central District-The week was Is brim full of useful information for farmers. It will be sent free, and

Northern.. 82 79 1.47 0.93 t will make and save you money. Address
H generally'satisfactory over the district, ,(
Central... 81 81 2.02 3.12 EPo light to,heavy showers being, :well dis GERMAN" i' I KALI, WORKS f; 93 Nassau Street',' ,New York.' .

:I Southern.'. 82 81 1.16 1.67 Pol/') tributed. A large percentage of the .tj. e e t. .

corn<; crop" has matured, and sunny
((1)) Degrees Farenheit. days are to cure and house JOHN L.. MARVIN,:,
necessary
(2)) Inches and hundreds. President.H. .
CROP CONDITIONS. fodder and grasses. Sections of T. BAYA, THOS. W. CONRAD,
5 Alachua county report a yield of forty Cashier. Assistant Cashier.
:Advices: throughout the State, are
CAPITAIk
o bushels to the acre. New sweet po- $100,000.
h generally,favorable,,,though many'' localities ;- tatoes are in market. Grape has
a have had rain than what crop "
more been excellent. Cow peas luxuriant. THE MERCHANTS' NATIONAL BANK
)a was necessary, while a Few sections Strawberries being planted. Hay crop ;
,
over the Northern ;district would bee
b3 large., Orange trees improving. Rice '
I JACKSONVILLE FLORIDA' .
benefited moisture. ,
by more looking well. General satisfaction is ,

i The meteorological I features' ,theM expressed with the progress and con- t espeetfally'solicits,your Deposits, Collections and Geneva

week were temperature slightly deficient :- ditions of crops. A few days of sun- Banking Business.CORRESPONDENCE '

and precipitation excessive} ,
shine will enable farmers to store fod-
R though badly distributed. The Gulf der and matured corn. INVITED. ,-

l counties of the Western,,district ,were Southern District-Precipitation has .. DIREO'rOR I I

It : ,;visited by too frequent rains, although been excessive over the district, :John L. Marvin, A. B. Campbell Chas. Marvin, .. >
par-
ot I there have been no general advices indicating that H. T. Baya T. W. Roby, Judge R. B. Archibald,
ticularly portion bordering on the .
serious there- Judge E. M. Randall. C. B. Rogers W. M. Davidson,
consequences coast. While the almost daily showars Dr' H. Robinson. John E. Hartrldflre;
.
o from. :While there were some crops add much
vigor to fruit trees and
' so Jar advanced as to need no moist'; pineapple planting, less rain is requiredfor

Bi Si jure,there was a large acreage of young : other products. Onions, pumpkins SAVINGS AND TRUST BANK

corn which has materially advanced and beans plentiful. .Cowpeas

. by. timely precipitation. Rain has doing finely. Sugar cane advancing 011' 11']f:,PRIDA,
i been quite general over the State, although :. JACKSONVILLE.
0 rapidly. Pineapple slips are being
, there are limited sections where CAPITAL $50,000.
for in Dade
imported, planting county ",..
,: the distribution has not been to the the northern section. "
in particularly H. ROBINSON, President. W. J. HARKISHEIMEK, Vice-free..
Sections
k'' best advantage. Suwan- .
'
SUMMARY COUNTIES. WM RAWLINSON, Cashier, :':
nee are.suffering rain, while
county .
Western District -". d
:
. adjacent territory has received an ex- I
,- DIRECTORS ;
, .Escambia-:-Large acreage of sweet, : ,
,s cess. potatoes planted. Pears doing well: H. ROBINSON, J. HILDEBRANDT, P. E. McMURRAY,
l'Western District-Heavy ,rains W. J. HARKISHEIMER, PHILIP WALTER, R. H. LIGGETT,
', (prevailed,over Santa.Rosa and Escam- Vegetables and fruit plentiful. Figs J. A. HENDERSON, C. C. ROBERTSON, W. B. OWEN. ,

bia counties; enabling farmers 'to<<;>> scarce. Pensacola, 79 degrees; rain. Collections. made on all points of Florida,and Remitted for on day of Pay
ds o.63.-McMillan. ment. Active and Savings Accounts Solicited. Interest Paid on
nish planting an unusually large
VIla. Santa Rosa-;Almost too much rain Savings.
of sweet potatoes. Activity
creage (for-- to mature hurt .
crops ; nothing yet.
m this line also ruled in Leon county. .,

he. latter county reports the best corn Pears Milton in 80 abundance.rain Grapes ripe. FLORIDA FRUIT EXCHANGE.
>UCip\ rop for several years, and that, all ovitz. degrees ; 3.40.Carl-

rops are doing well. Large ship- i .'.
Leon-The first rain. All
:., ents of pears are being made from general I An Incorporated Home Association of Orange Growers for marketing Florida Fruit to.the
mi he district. The fruit while plenti- crops doing well.: Potatoes being set !. best advantage.-AUTHORIZED CAPITAL $300 000. .
0, BOX MATERIAL-The is to supply boxes and
i out fast as vines can be had. Best Exchange fully prepared paper on
tp ul, is not as ,l large as is customary, order. Write for price list and terms.
for Lots of
t corn crop years. pears. -: OFFICERS :-
iue it is said, the large yield. The
uti -Bradford. GEO. R. FAIRBANKS President.; D. GREENLEAF, VIce-Presldent..
II everal varieties i .of grapes have been c ALBERT M. IVIES,Gen'l Mgr. and Treas. M. P. TURNER, Secretary.::!
a'I.i rolific Northern District: DIRECTORS-Geo. R. Fairbanks, Alachua Co.; E. G. Hill, Bradford Co.; Dr. E. E. Pratt
( anddailyshipmentsare'goingp.J Hillsboro Co.: John Fabyan,'Lake Co.; Hy Crutcher Orange Co.; D. Greenleaf Duval Co.;
orward. Information points to gene- Suwannee-Dry weather past two J. D. Mead, Duval Co.; A. Brady Brovard Co. ,F. G. Sampson, Marion Co. ; C. V. Hillyer,
E weeks has in Marion Co.; John M. Bryan, Osceola Co.; W.' 'E.. Stanton Putnam Co.; M. S. Moreman St.
damaged corn some
le, al satisfaction with crop conditions.<;> Johns Co.; 0. F. A.Blelby-volusla Co.; Irving Keck, Polk Co.
D \ Northern District -As set forthIbove neighborhoods. ,Late showers have Address correspondence to the Florida Fruit Exchange, Jacksonville, Fla Stencils,
with full packing and shipping instructions furnished on application.
,: some sections of this district benefited all crops. Cotton reported ..

how: deteriorated ,condition in corn, shedding ; nothing serious.Olliff.St. .
)Utlcs ue to badly distributed and untimelyains. ] Johns-Good week for crops, JOHN CLARK, SON & CO., '

The lack of moisture is largely except rice and sweet potatoes. Crops

I' onfined to a portion of eastern Suwan- "laid by." Some budding orange Grocers and Commission MerchantsDEALERS

-I e county; 'other sections,of the same trees. Switzerland, 79 degrees, rain. .

ev'ej t, ourity submit very favorable reports. -Boyer. IN ,,.

JpS he,district, as a whole, has, received Alachua-Good week for crops. Coal Hay Grain Wines Liquors .. f'.
,
681, opious showers, probably being too Orange sprouts growing finely. Archer, -

L''W enerous over portions of Madison 83 degrees; rain 1.82.-Andruss. Cigars, Tobacco,. Etc. ." :. :"""" ;-' '
,
ounty, ,for cotton. The plant is Tee Baker-Favorable weeks for crops. \f.fJ"a.ol } ;

18 i orted as "shedding" slightly; the samep Corn very fine. Pears and peaches sox: :vi11e, I lorida.'l::; J :"', .
.
uthority\adding : not serious, how- being shipped. All fruits doing well, '" ;"..k, f
except the Kelsey plum-ruined by ''PRIOE-L.ISTOrVVHISKiES "" ?:: :
' ver. Correspondents agree that, : : I

bile cotton is small, its advancement worms.-Reed. MANONGAIIELARYE; ............. ........$1 50 CABINET BOURBON.., ....... ......'. ... 6"oo, ,' I
3Plaj Liberty-Favorable week. Corn PARKER..... ......... .. .,.... ...........115 J. MARTIN RYE.............. ................ 3
satisfactory. The same story of large .. ............ .......... 'Ar I
I ORANGE VALLEY............ ........ ... 2 ,,00 VIRGINIA GLADES 4.oo.. !
I rn crop 'comes from the greater'seeon and sugar cane fine. Cotton is good, SPRING VALLEY......... ................. 350 OLD BOURBON........... H...... ..... 5 00 \
BALTIMORE CORN,2 oo KENTUCKY SOUR MASH........,....... 500
lo, 1 1urg < of the ,di trict.. Liberty county but very little planted. Large acreagein NORTH CAROLINA CORN... ............. 250 OLD BAKER........ ......................500
I jotes_ a very favorable .week, for_ corn: sweet potatoes. Fruit in abund- CLIFTON CLUB"............ ............. 300 MONTROSE VELVET RYE...,.."..,........ 6 00 i 1

anal ){ton, sugarcane. and sweet potatoes. ance.-McAliley. JUGS''' EXTRA: One gallon, 250; two gallon, 500; three gallon 750. Remit by post-office
';Fl money order,check or registered letter. We cannot ship C, O. D. Remit with order.A .
ffhl fears: ;are from the to mart Central District: complete price-list of Groceries: and Wine List, sent free on application.
large
in quantities north- Alachua-Planting sweet potatoes
. n sections of the district. All fruits continues. Grapes being shipped. New JOHN CLARK, SON & CO.

1

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446; THE FLORIDA FARMER: AND FRUIT-GROWER. JULY 13,


'

\ strawberries.Corn I shoots would and in .. CENTAWORD COL UMN.
sweet potatoes. Planting soon start up, a \

mature and in use. Yield unusal, few years oranges be grown to a lim- RATES.-Twenty words, name and address)
one week,25 cents; three weeks 50 cents.: Nothing
forty bushels per acre.-Branni ng. ited extent, and that in the course of. l- taken for less than 25 cents. I

Lake-A good growing week. five or six years all groves would be Advertisements. for this column MUST be pre

Warm and many squalls. Eustis 81 re-established, and the .commission ,, I, paid.Send no stamps larger than two cents.
_\.;";;""...... _'"_.n......,;. .". !1I'SII'
Initials and count word.
rain merchants would be able to play figures as one
degrees; 3.11.-Morgary. again
SCIENCE CONFIRMS HORSE SENSE.A
Sumter-Vegetable shipments over.. their little game of grab-all.-T. T. PINEAPPLE PLANTS-Abbaka, Enville Cit
i majority of the first class Railroads Golden Queen, Variegate
Vegetation luxurious. Hay crop will Russell, in Tropical S m. the United States and Canada are using Tile Smooth Cayenne, Prince Albert, fine plants!
be large. Potato planting still goingon. > Page fence. Scientific tests and comparisonsled Prompt delivery. Geo. I." Russell, Orland
The Scenic which will be to this result. Strange to say the best Florida. 7-13-3 i
Orange trees showing more Railway, practical farmers of both countries, led only STRAWBERRY PLANTS for sale. For wet
signs of life. Oxford 82 degrees rain one of the features 'on the Midway by experience and good common sense:; had Improved Plants at one dolla
; and international already decided in its favor, and now Park and a h+.lf a thousand ($1.50)) f. o. b. Addres'
3.42.-Borden. Heights at the Cotton States Oommfssoners and Cemetery Officials seem E. Hardaker, Lakeland, Fla. 7-13-31 .
Exposition was formally bound to make the decision unanimous. We GRASS-The best and
showers. Good Lawn
Polk-Frequent LOUISIANA pe<
have sold double the amount of park fence
for Cent'
North and
for grasses. Tons of fodder pulled. opened last week. The railway will] this season than heretofore in the whole his Florida. Roots $1.25 grass per barrel f. o.. b. W.I

Beggar weed hay ready to cut. New be operated-during the summer and tory of the business. Powers, Lawtey. Fla. 7-i3-tf.I
PAGE WOVEN WIRE FENCE CO. Adrian Mich.
,
sweet potatoes. Homeland 80 will be one of the attractions at Pied- CHICKEN FLEA conquered: without extra cos
crop Five years' trial has proven i
degrees; rain 0.96.-Wade. mont Park for the thousands of visi- Address Brown Leghorn Poultry Yards G.

Hillsboro-Orange trees growing tors who go out to the Exposition NURSERY STOCK KnelUnger, Prop., Bartow, Fla._7lJJAMAICA -
Plants, ready after JU25th.
finely. Some budding. Corn being grounds every day to witness the pro- SORREL Six: for 25 cen

) harvested. Good crop. Large acre- gress of the work of construction.The Thirteen Oneco. Fla.for 50 cents. Post free. Reasoner 6152PINEAPPLE Bro

age of sweet potatoes.Hartley.Lake Scenic Railway will be one of Live parties wanted to handle PLANTS-Smooth Cayenne A.

Fine week for potatoes. the great'attractions on the Midway Rothschild-Variegat

( Corn Heighfs. Visitors to the Expositionwill Smooth Cayenne, Golden Queen, Ilipley guee
Vegetation rapidly.
growing 3OQOOOfirstclass Jamaica Ripley. Orlando Grape and Fruit C_
ready to be pulled. Clermont, 81 de- : find the Scenic Railway one of the C. S. Van Houten, Orlando, Fla. 7-6!

features of the Midway. As the cars Budding Wood for sale. I can sul
rain FLORIDA
grees ; 0.27.-Rosenberg. Orange] and Lemon of the leading and popular vanities
Hillsboro-More rain than needed. dash through the tunnel the dazzling .. ot Budding W ood. Write for prices, statir!
effects of the electric light show hun- Trees.Address'atfonce. the varieties and quantities desired. W.J
Sweet potatoes and egg-plant
peas Trimble, Braidentown, Manatee Co.,Fla.
crops on hand. Good weather for hay. dreds of scintillating points, icicles: 7-6-5.

, Plant City, 80 degrees; rain, 2.32.- stalactites and stalagmites, and furtheron 1* ,. STRAWBERRY PLANTS for sale. 300,
*- nBOSTONASOUTfljUVERSIDES Newnansat $2 a thousa
reflection from the in
Stinson. a sunlight A liberal discount for large orders. W.

Orange-Most corn matured. Late the deep gorge of the Grand Canyonof FRUIT CO., Kemp, Lawtey, Fla. 6-2o--|

'corn doing well. Cowpeas good. Much the Colorado. This spectacle is I SPHAGNUM MOSS in bales or carload lots J
prices. T. K. Godbey, Wal
fodder saved.-Proctor. made all the more effective by the in- KBOX12522, ; Fla. 6-29-2

Orange-Heavy grape crop. Fine stantaneousness with which it con ....... ... STRAWS ERRY PLANTS Alabama
made. of fronts the eye. BOSTON MASS.rmrmrmrmrmrmrmrm Good strong, healthy plat
corn Large
crop acreage e $2.00 per 1000. Special rates on 5000 lots or o|
potatoes. Rice good. Orlando, 81 Address Daveny & Kimbell, Lawtey, Fla. 6PHENOMENAL -
J. T. Neal, of Wacahoota, was intown
degrees; rain, 0.47.-Rice. STRAWBERRY PLANTS
Saturday. He has shipped twelve SPRAYYoLJRTT Florida grown. Perfect f
. Southern District: carloads of melons, the largest returns ering Large tize. Very prolific. Good ship
$1.00 100. $5.00 Chubb & V.
per per 1,000.
; Lee-Onions, pumpkins, beans and being $186 net and the lowest $22 per REEs Winter Park,FlA.! 6-j

citrus fruits doing well. Myers, 80 car.-Gainesville Sun. FLORIDA ORANGE ,BUDS for sale in par
degrees rain -Gardner. quantities. ready Warren Gaski
; 0.77.
R&V Candler, Pla. f6:29'rILGHU
Dade-Pineapples continue to ripen. Experienced watermelon growers 1 'S CONDITION POWDERS .w

Melons still plentiful. Pineapple slips complain that inexperienced parties ;Y eat and grow fat. Givendrench {;
to stock that will not eat. Sample pac|
being imported. Jupiter, 79 degrees; have been the cause of almost ruiningthe L Excelsior STAHL'S Spraying age by mail 35 cents. W. G. Tilghman, Palaf-"

rain, 3.21.-:-Cronk. market this season. In many in Outfits kill insects Fla. 6-29T
(prevent leaf blight Kor Choice Prope |I<
A. J. MITCHELL, Observer, stances melons were shipped before and wormy fruit. Insure 1 which must be sold
Weather Bureau Director, they were half ripe.-Gainesville Sun. Fa and heavy Vegetable yield of crops.all Fruit BAR GAl N S sacrifice. On the St

tersburg subpeninthe
Bend 6 cte.for catalogue
and full treatise on spraying. bicily of Florida;at Orlando, a situation
Arose From Their Ashes. Mr. Henry G. Dunn, of Citra, last Circulars free. Address surpassed in the State for its charming comb;
WM.STAHLQuincyII.CALIFORNIA .{ tion of orange groves and lakes ; and at Ur
The great freeze of the 7th of February Monday transferred his ten acre or- Lake the heart of Florida's Citrus region.
known as the "Colsour Address the Editor of this paper Jacksonv;
ange grove,
1835 destroyed all of the or- Florida.
"
place to C. L. Ward the consider-
ange trees in Florida, more especially ; WANTED buy Grapes, White and B1|.
ation Mr. Ward Wine made on shares. Add
was $5,000.
in the city of St. Augustine, as that says BUDWOOD J. B. LaMontagne,Winter Park.
he has
made trade. The
a good or-
city, at that time, was completely en- $125 flfl Hall Safe, for only $35.00.
ange trees around Citra are growing as new and in perfect order.
veloped in orange trees. There was finely and in a few will be bear- dress Robert G. Bidwell, Box 142, Orlando,
,'also many groves on the banks of the years IN ANY QUANTITY.. 6-233
ing again. At one time an offerof Nunan, Bessie and Alabama St
St. Johns river, but those trees on the GENUINE
$18,000 was refused for this piece of $3.00 per i.ooo. Cherokee!
St. Johns escaped to a,greater extent, per iooo. Julius Schnadelbach &; Sons, I
property.-Marion Times. CLEAN THRIFTY BUDS. Box 4, Grand Bay, Ala. 6
as the trunks of the trees were killed, ,

but the roots escaped injury. Not so Fifteen barrels- -of-Irish potatoes IRRIGATED trees50 GROVE-: in 100 other acres fruit TO trees year,!

in St. Augustine, as the trees, roots and For sale at a sacrifice. Address"!'I'," The Pa,
planted by Capt. Geo. .E. Lovell on Lane Park Lake County Fla 4 2$

all were killed. his truck farm at Center Hill, this ORANGE.MAJORCA PLANT STRAWBERRIES; The strawbe;
On the ist of December, 1838, the business will be greatly over done next yp
year, produced 191 barrels of potatoes and only those who plant under the best con
undersigned, being the editor of a which he shipped to market and MEDITERRANEAN SWEETS.WASHINGTON tions will make a profit. Lawtey
quoted in the New York Price berries
he then in
was publishing
newspaper for which he received a check for NAVEL. week. 35 to 45 cents; from all other
St. Augustine, was presented with a j $517.00. There numbers of others 'ST. MICHAEL, State, 25 to 35 cents. Lands for sale or ren
I MALTA BLOOD reasonable reteSt E, G. Hill, Lawtey,Fla.
very fine orange grown at Mandarin, who have been as successful, all of 5)

on the St. Johns river, from the root which that the of this RUBY BLOOD. IF ANY ONE who has been benefited by it'
of a tree killed by the frost,of 1835. proves people TANGERINE. of Dr William's Pink Pills will write]
I State are not dependent on anyone THE FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER, they will. ;
, At the same date a very fine lemon for ceive information that will be of much valu
crop a comfortable livelihood, be interest to them.

was presented to the editor, grown in it oranges or potatoes.-Leesburg LEMON. LIGHT BRAHMA, D. B. Plymouth Rock
the city of St. Augustine. Thus it 1 Commercial. Turkey Eggs for hatching, 91.00 &
EUREKA en to suit the times.- C Gomperts, Lady La I
will be perceived that from the 7th Florida. '
a 2
LISBON E
day of :February, 1835, to the ist day i CORKS that have been steeped in FRANCA.I : T U IHAKE liENS LAY-There is nothing Ii

of December, 1838, a period'of three vaseline are an excellent substitute (for VILLA ..Bdwfcer's.animal Meal. 40 tons sold in C
Ida last'year. Hundreds of testimonials. a
years and ten months had elapsed, I I glass stoppers. Acid in no way affects -.._.- '. t I particular ;.1wtile 1 E. W.Amsden, Ormond,

when the and lemon them and chemical fumes do ..1Q-13-tf, -
orange were pre- not cause PRIOE. $3 PER 1,000.- .

sented to the editor.I decay in them, neither do they become I ":_ ) FORSALnCorcashtimeortIade'' ,orange grp'
CASH WITH ORDER. Ke*
am satisfied by actual experiencethat fixed by a blow or long disuse, which Pla. ''r. .. 3tIroR <<

had all of the owners of orange latter fact will be appreciated by those ----:- ; :It_ EXCHANGE-Summer and winter I.

groves pursued the policy of 'sawing who often lose time and temper by a ARTHUR S. AUCHINCLOSS,>' ,\.- live*,I. i.u'-Florida.NQrth Carolina. Wants mountains.good orange Owner grove,_ ,.

off their trees, and taking away the beastly fast stopper." In short, they Box 355; r'L -:!' ,' B, Clarkson, Jacksonville; ,Fla 9- '

earth from around the old stump, so as have all the utilities of the glass with REDLANDS.. CAL, ; ANEW deal on wire netting. Prices

to have the lateral roots exposed, that out its disadvantages. Reference.First National Bank, Redl nd-. -\'v' price-list.. We E. pay W.''Amsden freight. Write Ormond for, Fla.our

N]



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a _


.. 1895. THE: FLORIDA FARMER: AND FRUJT-QROWER.: 447

....._...
h, t.


SAVANNA LINETO The Clyde Steamship Co. :


NEW YORK, BOSTON AND PHILADELPHIA, i

48 to 55 hours between Savannah, New York and Philadelphia, and

65 to 70 hours between Savannah and Boston.
NEW YORK, CHARLESTON AND FLDRIDfl I LINES


OCEAN STEAMSHIP COMPANY.



O M. ,510ItLtIL, Manager. The magnificent Steamships of this Line are appointed -

to sail as follows, calling at Charleston, S. C.,

oth ways : '
(STANDARD TIME.) "
From New York. From -Jacksonville
0 (Pier E. R.l) STEAMER Florida.
*"r *Hi- *""' "= 29.
-i M i T Friday June 28th, at 3 p m........ CHEROKEE".........Thursday, July 4th, at 2.00 p m
. r F, _r&i$1 i-c-',- __ L F, nynlu 5:{ ,_ 3ay Tuesday, July. 2nd, at 3 p m........ "SEMINOLE" .... .....Sunday.. .. 7th, at 5:00am:
: Friday, 5th, at 3 p m."ALGONQUIN" ........Thursday, nth, at 7:30 a m
w ": '- L ; ryc"rr Tuesday, 9th.at3 pm..CHEROKnH".... .. Sunday, n i4th,.at iooo; am
Friday, I2th, at3 p m....._... "SBMINOtE"...... .Thursday, 18th, at 1:00 pm
Tuesday, it 16th, at 3 p m.......... "IROQUOIS". .........Sunday, ", arst at 4:00: a m
Friday igth, atspm.........."ALGONQUIN". .....Thursday, it 25th, at 7:00: a m
Tuesday, ;23rdat 3 pm...... ......"SEMINOIB"........Sunday.U 28th, at 9.30 a m
Friday, 11 26th, at 3 pm...... ... "IROQUOIS" .. ........Thursday, Aug. 1st; at 2:00: pm
__ -r ff Tuesday, 30th, at 3 p m.......... "CHEROKEE" .... ....Sunday, 4th, at 4:00am:


;v iTO
j5 r -

.' > .vx: t

Philadelphia, Charleston and Jacksonville Line.For .


Pa..a.Ke Rates: I
the present and until further notice, Steamer "YEMASSEE" is intended to
Between Jacksonville and New York: First-class $25.00 ; Intermediate $19.00; Excursion 143.30;
Steerage, $12.50.. sail from PHILADFLPHIA for .CHARLESTON, Wednesdays, and from

Jacksonville and Boston or Philadelphia: Cabin $27.00; Intermediate 21.00 Excursion $47.30 ; CHARLESTON for PHILADELPHIA, Sundays. Close connection made at
Steerage, 1425. The magnificent Steamships of this Company are appointed to sail as follows
Charleston with Clyde Florida Steamers, for business to and from Jacksonville and
FROM SAVANNAH TO NEW YORK.
(Central or goO Meridian Time.) all Florida points. Also, Philadelphia and interior points via Philadelphia.

City of Augusta................................ .......... ............Sunday, June 23, 5.003. m. r
City of Birmingham ................ ..... ...... .....:...... ........Tuesday, June 25, 7.oop.m. .
Nacoocliee .... ... .......u.......... ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... Friday, June 28, lo.ooa.m. t
Kansas City......... .... .... .... ...... .................. .......... ...Sunday, June 30.12.oonoon
City of Augusta......... .. ............. .......... .... .... ...... .... Tuesday, July 2, 2.oop.m.
City of Birmingham ,. ............. ... ............... ........... Friday, July 5, 5" oa. m.. ST. JOE: : N S I"V'E LINE.
Nacoochee......;... ..... .... ....... ........ .... ............ ...........Sunday July 7, 600 a. m. .
Kansas City. ... ... ................. .............. ........ .........Tuesday, July 9, 700p.m.
City of Angnsta .. .. ..... ... ............ ...... ..... ........ ...Friday, July 12, 9.00 a.m.
City of Birmingham ... .................. ............ ................ Sunday July 14, lo.ooa. m. i
Nacoochee .............. ............................. ... ..... ......Tuesday, July 16, 12 00 noon For Sanford _Enterprise and Intermediate Points ,
Kansas City ,..... ...... ................ ....'....'.'.;. ...... ...v... ...... Friday'July 19, 3.00 p. m. ; on
City of Augusta................ ....... ........ ..:.. ... .... ..... ..... Sunday July 21, 4.ooa.m., the St. Johns River. h' '
City of Birmingham ...... ... .... .... .;I... ...... .......... ..Tuesday, July 23 8.00a.m.
Naeoochee....... ........ ........ .................. ....................Friday, July 26; 8.30 a. m.
Kansas City..... .......... ................ ......................... .... Sunday July 28, 10.30a. m.
; City of Augusta...... ........ ........ .... .... '... ........ ....... .. Tuesday, July 30, 12.30 p. m.
, .
l FROM SAVANNAH TO BOSTON. Steamer "EVERGLADE,77Capt.

Gate .City....... .......... ... .... ........ .......... ............ .....Thursday, June 27, 9.00g. m.Cliattalioochee. W. A. SHAW, \..' .
............... .. .. .. ... .......... ..... .... ...........Tuesday, July 2, 2.00 p. m. -
Gate City................................ .......................... ... .. Sunday, July 7, 6.ooa. m. Is to sail from Jacksonville and at. 5:00
City of Macon ...............................'. ....... ............Thursday: July n, 8.00 a. m. appointed Tuesdays Saturdays : p. m.,
Chattahoochee.............. .... ... ............ .... .... .... ... .... ....Tuesday, July 16, 12.00noon and returning leave Sanford Mondays, and Thursdays at 5 a. m.. .
Gate City...;................ ............ .... .'.......... ...... ........ Sunday, July 21, 4.00 a. m.
City of Macon ................ ........ ..... ........... .... ....... ...Thursday, July 25, 8.ooa. m.
Chattahoochee .. .. ....... ..... .. ......... .... ..... ... ...... .... ...Tuesday, July3o.12.3op.m.FROM General Passenger and Ticket Office, 204 West Bay, St., Jacksonville.

SAVANNAH. TO PHILADELPHIA.
,
(These Ships do NbT Carry Passengers.) A. J. COLE Passenger Agent Bowling Green, >New York.M. .

Dessoug........... ....... .... .... .......... .. ...... ........ ............Saturday, June 22, 4.30p. m. H. CLYDE Assistant Traffic Manager 5 Bow ing Green, New York.D. .
Dessoug. ..*.... .................... ................... ...._........ Tuesday, July 2, 2.00 p. m. D. C. MINK General Freight Agent. 12 fOe Delaware avenue, Philadelphia, Pa.
Dessoug... ...... ...... ............ ......... ...... ...... .......... .... Friday, July 12, 9.00 a..m.Degsoug THEO. G. EGER, Traffic Manager Bowling Gteen New York.F. .
....... ............. ... .... .............. .............. ..... ..Monday, July 22, 5.30 p. m. M. IRONMONGER, Jr., Florida Passenger Agent, 204 West Bay St., Jacksonville, Fla.
JOHN L. HOWARD, Florida Freight Agent foot Hogan Street, Jacksonville, Fla. '
THESE PALACE STEAMERS, J. A. LESLIE, Superintendent, foot Hogan Street Jacksonville. Fla.

Connect at Savannah with Central Florida Railroad Central of& Georgia Peninsular Savannah Railroad.Florida & Western Railway, WM. P. CLYDE & CO., Gen'l Agents

Through Bills of leading Tickets and Baggage Checks to all points North and East. See your
i 12 South Delaware Avenue Philadelphia. 5 Bowling Green, New York.W. .
nearest ticket agent or write for Freight or Passage to
J. P. BECKWITH, G. F. & P. Agent, New Pier 35 N. R., New York.R. .
L. WALKER, Agent, C. G. ANDERSON, Agent
New Pier: No.35 North River, New York. City Exchange Building Savannah. Ga.
"' RICHARDSON & BARNARD, Agents Lewis' Wharf, Boston A. BOURS. ESTABLISHED 1875. J. B. BOURS. 'I
yS W. JAMES, Agent, 13 S. Third Street Philadelphia.
an W. H. RHETT, Gen'l Agt. C. R. R., 317 Broadway, New York. WILLIAM A. BOURS & CO.
; J. D. HASHAGEN, Eastern Agent. Sav., Fla. & Western Ry. Co.. 261 Broadway N. Y. ,
J.L. ADAMS, Gen'l East. Agt. F. C. & P. R. R., A. DeW. AMPSON, General Agent,
f Broadway New York. 306 Washington St., Boston.W. .
J. FARRELL, Soliciting Agent. W. E. ARNOLD Gen. Trav. Pass. Agt., % Grain Garden Seeds and Fertilizers
WALTER HAWKINS, Fla. Pass. Agent,
5 New Office, 224 West Bay Street, Jacksonville. ,

YIt 00 wJ3 S'I: :' BAY 8':1: : ., JAOKSONVILLE, l:: I+A.
300 Acres In Nursery. One Acre Under Glass Thirty-Seventh Year.

SPE IAI+TIES : We Handle Only the Best and Most Reliable Seeds. A Comple Stock of


o Specially adapted to Florida and sub-tropical countries. Corn Oats Flour Bran Wheat Grits Meal \.
Hay
F R u'I T T R E E S Peach Oriental Plums and Pears, Japan Persimmons, ,
2 Strawberries, Guavas Giant Loquat, etcH etc. Rare Conifers and Broad-leaved Evergreens Camellias
ig 1 ,Azaleas 50,000 Palms, 20,000 Camphor Trees Hedge Plants Open Ground Grown Roses. The. Cotton Seed Meal Both Bright and Dark.
Green House ] is complete in plants of every class suited to Southern Horticulture. Catalogues ,
a free Address p. J. BERCKMANS, Fruitland Nurseries, Augusta, Ga.

Li, No Agents. STATE AGBNTS.FOR PURE GROUND BONE


Pr'flB'UEI.GPmNNSYL'V: : :: : .A.NE.A.: Tugert-Illen FertllixerlGo.: NITRATE SODA,


rI Somers, :Brother & Co. ESTABLISHED 1876.' I Star Brand Fertilizers, MURIATE OF POTASH,

r GUARANTEED ANALYSIS. SULPHATE
POTASH !
9a Commission Fruits and Produce. '
3 Merchants. Orange Tree and Vegetable KAINIT, Etc :

r Refer to Banks, ?Mercantile Agencies and I ho business community of Western Pennsylvania. FERTILIZER.These: .
Market Reports, special references to regular shippers, shipping stencils,stamps, etc., lur- Fertilizers have no superior in the market, and a trial will convince.
pished free on application. INQUIRIES AND CORRESPONDENCE INVITED. Bend for Catalogue(free.



i ,;;-.,.,.'?'"' :;.:... .."...... ,. .....- "'> -- -- ........,...,. ... ..' -- -....- 0., .... _. .. ,
I' Ai
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.............t.\ ',' .'/.V.-. ."a.r.. ..- ,, ." "? a ...., .i.rw. .' ...-..rr" "v ...". .. .. d..,.. a., ..rdwr. ,rww"I,. r ..s.Nws.g r--.,...-a.W....tM-r- ,- ". ... '....,..
j 448 f -- .. THE FLORIDA, FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. :. '. '; ,,,,> JULY 13;
I II I '
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tA!. AkJL,.Vt JL A A A 4".L' .v.: \



I I I YOUR CRO i P 9 1 1It .. ..t...,. .



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Summer.?' : of our brands of fertilizers, you will.be another season. We have obtained .
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Lave you tried our New York house yet'in order to',' determine: whether larger returns for others. We can do it for you.

",a' :company who is interested.. .. i in securing high prices for. your products can Obtaining higher prices for your crops will. increase our fertilizer bus

"actually: l secure.,you larger returns ? ness in Florida and that is what we.are working for. Write to us at No. i, ||.
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Try us with a shipment at the same time you ship to some one else. :If Broadway, New York, for stencil. ..... .t '. '_: .

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/1 ARE INSECTS TROUBLING YOUR, CROPS. ? .- ,I,


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Then write to us for information about using our newly improved Insecticide I ', Our Lime._ ) Decidedly. . the Handsomest, Paying, Investment.

and Fertilizer"Lime.:" If applied fresh it will l destroy every insect :in that : can Possibly be : ]Made-Without it, InferiorCropsWitli
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your::.garden. It is indispenseable where Bugs attack Tomato Plants, Watermelons \ : it Perfect, Growth' and Fruitage.. .

Beans, Cabbage, Strawberries, etc., etc. *
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Read what our customers, say: .1 ', I ..J..! t\J'. "
\' The Paine'Fertilizer. Co..,Jacksonville, Fla.: ,
\ Not Only Destroys Cut Worms and Other .Insects,'But.. is /fa G' NTLEMEN--I.: have read. with much interest o{. p.ratts': :' a1 l is.of

Good Fertilizer-200 Crates?Tomatoes to the Acre. your Lime reported in the Farmer. and Fruit Grower of, the pth t initj..JJ? purchased

:' \ ,.. [From Winter Haven, Fla.] two tons of you about three ,months ago and sowed it broiocast over

The Paine\Fertilizer\ Co., Jacksonville, Fla.: two.acres of newly cleared up bay-head land. .I have now grova g.'bver: 4,000,'

,L DEAR SIRS-I have used one,ton,of;your Insecticide and.Fertilizer 'Lime.1 cabbages, .1,50 tomato plants, several hundred egg plants{/ eets, l lettuce,

experimenting with iti, and I take pleasure in testifying that :it not only destroys cauliflower and onions, all,doing, remarkably well,..all'of wliult, attribute. to

Cut Worms and other insects which destroy vegetable plants, but that the use of your Insecticide 'and Fertilizer Lime. ,L ss',than four' months ago

\ 'it..is.a.good fertilizer for Florida soil I also applied it to my lemon trees with this was a wet swampy bay-head. I' have four acres ;now to clear up and

the ,desired' effect. I use 600 pounds fertilizer'and 700 pounds of lime per; shall use a ton to an,acre.. . . . Yours truly,;

acre on :my tomatoes; and I will get 200 crates to the acre where I used tHis 'JNO. CROSS.

lime. I am going to' use 1,000 pounds to the acre next season on all lands Write for our complete I. &: F. 'Lime pamphlet, with various opinionsfrom
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that I cultivate.. Yours very respectfully, : -sections 1 of the State. This insecticide will save your strawberry

C., A. McCoLLUM. 'I plants.it used,during the summer. .

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Write.us for all information! on agricultural matters, to < : .. :

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and "712 East St. Jacksonville I Florlda-r: (..
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a > '. And for all information about selling your fruit and vegetable crops, to '

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No.1 N. Y. \ .
i Broadway:, New/ York ; t .
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*.1 Get"our latest' prices-on agricultural chemicals before purchasing elsewhere. We undersell :all' competitors. : Our facilities''enable:"us to do this

better,and class of materials. .'. .. '
2t ;easily, and, as a rule, to'give higher grades, .

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THE PAIN FERTILIZER .,

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JACKSONVILLE,, FLA., and NEW YORK, N. Y i
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