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UFPKY NEH LSTA SLAF



Florida farmer & fruit grower
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Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055765/00329
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: S. Powers
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: May 11, 1895
Frequency: weekly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note: Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038466
oclc - 01387403
notis - AKM6256
lccn - sn 95026761
System ID: UF00055765:00329
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen

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FLORIDA

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WITH WHICH IS INCORPORATED "THE FLORIDA DISPATCH. :, _

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8. Powers, Publl her and Proprietor. JACKSONVILLE, FLA.,,MAY 18, 1895. Whole No. 1371 NEW l. VII 3EftIE5.v No. 20I .

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,I

AGENTS FLORIDA FRUIT AND VEGETABLE GROWERS' ASSOCIATION. .

BATTERSON & iii RESPONSIBLE' RELIABLE COMMISSION MERCHANTS, 167 & 169 SCOTT :'

STREET, BUFFALO, N. Y. SHIP POTATOES, CABBAGE AND WATERMELONS ONLY. 'j.<

,
, -.'''/':

I w. c.wnj ESTABLISHED 1876. A. F.JONES. READ- : RE.AD: : READ!!! ,4'

-WRITE TO THE-



1 I 1 1j: WILL & JONES, B. Darling Fertilizer Co.,. .


j:, .58 tic 60 WEST MARKET ST. 119 & 123 MICHIGAN ST.,
II .. JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA,
BUFFALO, N. Y. .
\\1 If you are in need of any Fertilizer or Fertilizer Material, and get their

Special Low Prices for Cash with Order.

,1 WHOLESALE FRUITS AND VEGETABLES.Correspondence DON''r MISS:

This opportunity of a lifetime to obtain Fertilizers at about cost to the manufacturer.Office .
I
and Warehouse Rear of 26 West Bay St.,on river front,midway bet. Main and Laura Sts. E
invited and stencils furnished on application. Reliable agents wanted att
r t all principal shipping points, wend for Pocket, Memoranda Hook.

-REFERENCES:-. .'. .. f;'!
-.. '" '\ ..- 'rHE: : "
F r-" .
..::1r:."':> First National Bank. of Jacksonville; ; ,Bank. Commerce ;Buffalo,N.. 'Y. ,'Duns' and Brad :JO,000' .

street's Agencies. I EMERSON IfJBHBLE/ r


Everything for Florida. Established 1883. DOZED J'ineapp1eP1arkts .
t Mip a FEED WORKSfor
To everyone interested in ,our

NEW CATALOGUEplants, for 1895 Saw Mills has lately been improved and
;.1 p ))1)J) will be found invaluable 64 pages;illustrated,described and priced. Send FOR SALE. is absolutely and perfect simple, sensitive, durable -
I 7 / for it. It's free. Although the recent cold hurt much of our outside stock, cheap. Very quick
; we are able to fill orders for almost everything catalogued excepting Citrus.
GIG BACK MOTION.Variable
.
A Specially fine line of Economic and Ornamental Plants .

REASONER BROS., Oneco, Fla. to any extent and in a great measure
varies automatically. The easiest and safest of
CAN BE DELIVERED IN AUGUST. all feeds to handle and the easiest of all to apply.

An Immense stock of Can be Put on any Mill in a Few Hours.We .

W E H A V E HEALTHY POT-GROWN Guavas, Eugenias, o
Camphors, Palms.Gardenias, Olea Fragrans, will gladly loan free of charge for thirty
days to all good mill men, or will give six weeksto
I Magnolia Fuscata and thousands of other For further information write
the first to apply from each county.
I desirable plants, trees and shrubs adapted to all parts of Florida. Write i For further particulars apply to the
for our prices. JOHN M. GRIFFIN,

I P. J. BERCKMANS Governor's Harbor, FLA. IRON & WOOD WORKS, .

FRUITLAND NURSERIES, Augusta, Georgia. J. W. EMERSON,
I Eleuthera, Bahamas Apopka, Pla. Manager.


MAKE, HAY AND FORAGE.TEOSINTE. .
CALIFORNIA BUDSFOR SEEDS IN SEASON.Cow

Packet 10 cents;ounce 15 cents;pound Si.50, postpaid. .
PEARL MILLET. Pound 35 cents;4 pounds$1.25 post paid. 10 pound lots or above by express -
or freight not prepaid, accents per pound. SALEIn
KAFFIR CORN AND BRANCHING SORGHUM. Pound 30 cents; 4pounds, $1oopostpaid;
10 pound lots or above not prepaid 15 cents per pound.
EARLY ORANGE AND EARLY AMBER SORGHUM. Pound 25 cents; 4 pounds 90 cents any quantity,nice, clean, thrifty Orange and
above not prepaid 12 cents per pound.PANIBILPEANUTS. Lemon Bud Wood of the following varieties: Peas, Whippoorwill, Clay, Red Un
Pound, postpaid, 30 cents;peck 75 cents;bushel,$2.50 not prepaid.H. I. known, Sagar Crowder, Wonderful,
JAFFA, Black and Conch. Upland Rice,
G. HAS INGS die CO. SEEDSMEN.Catalogue :
:. ,
MAJORCA, Beggar Weed, !Millets\ -Pearl
free. I nter laohen, Florida., MEDITERRANEAN SWEETS, and German. Spanish
St MICHAELS Peanuts and all
,
I EO ATA MALTA BLOOD
SATSUMA! exTR1 RUBY BLOODS, FORAGE PLANTS.

(t,.JU. !abet S new 1. L aogue lut BW'OS,recounts 17 ith the ar'prouucuv.j and hardy satsuma orange. HART'S TARDIFF,
and the vigorous Citrus trifoliata,which without protection stands the winters as far north at Washington,uninfarecU.CITRUS WILSON'S,BEST, Also Garden Seed at lowest prices.

!a Ult\tt\ GE 0 ELfl ; FRUITS Dancy's Tangerines & Mandarins. i iLEMONS. Send for price list.

orange amTtrUoHata stocks. Over 300 varieties for Florida and
.,Janan walnut3Japanchesh' uts,kumquats.ornamentals,
:; : L. CAMERON ,

PfACHES.PLUM5.Testlngvfrletiesin th.R. u.eataCorchards Lisbon, Eureka and Villa Franca. Seedsman,

?xtenfve! and grounds J maintained for at considerable Guided\has All true to name. Price varying from $5 to JACKSONVILLE,'FLA,
business has repaid the outlay In the Information afforded.
and amply
been a leadingfeaturo of the for thirteen years $7 1000. Delivered to post office in the
this per any
adapted to theclImate of
bv result obtained In our own rose gardens we have selected andpfrer.as especlallYwell ;
region Address

Q Yt\R.1 I P"T| p" C'" Rgomc J .; I, .State. O.Riverside D. WILHITE, California., ITALIAN

aorticulturaTnana-book free '4o accurate You're the loser unless BEES
artistic illustrations,recent results wIth leading sorts latest practice anel best methods culture manai'ement. Send to you keep bees to gather
a. Glen Marv Pia. for new edition(enlarged and rewritten throwrhnntl of the Catah."te of hIsGLENStMARYNURSERIE5 I have known O. D. Wilhite and know bim to the sweets life ol nature about,.
to be reliable._ Have received buds from him you. Ul"t'I"U
Pleasant and I'rolltahle to either sex, In town
; the past week in fine condition.-Chas. Pugsley, 'or country m 1'n!go Bee Book free to all.
. Mannville,Florida J.: M. JENKINSV tuuipka, Ala.


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306, 'THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. ._. ..... ..'

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,, i
.'to INDIAN BRANDS-These fertilizers contain the elements of plant life in their natural state just as

; s:' 1/ '.) the nice hand of Nature manufactured. them from the plants themselves, not combined artificially :
.
.
:, '\\.f, .: with dangerous acids and.alkalies. They produce'.good immediate results, and at the same time i
.
?; J; are a source future available fertility'to the 'soil.' They are compounded according to formulas approved i

,,. i by the experience and observation of twenty, years.

.0 -.....-.. ... .to -
HIGH GRADE COMPLETE
ORANGE TREE MANURE.
I '; r Fruit and Vine Fertilizer. Garden Truck Fertilizer..
.
-
':'' v -: Per cent. Percent. Per cent.
I t w ', __u Ammonia..... ... ........ ................ 3 to 4 Ammonla..t............ ...... 5 to 6 Ammonia .......... < ...J. ...!.... 459; to :5\\.25
aai; = "'z Avail. Phos. Acid.: ..... ...... ........... 6 to 8 Avail. Phos. Acid..... .'.. 7 to 9 Available Phosphoric: Acid....T....8.25 to' 9 oo !
+ I1 I"1. Acid Soluble Phos. 2to 3 Acid Soluble Phos.Acid. 2to 3 Inl'\olubltPhosphoricAcid..I.ooto' 2.50
:. Total Phot. .:. 8 to'10 Total Phos. Acid. 10 to 12 Total Phosphoric!' Acid.....:. ...:. 9.00 to'I1oo'
I It .'' ,1) ?l .' i Actual 10 to 12 Actual Potash .......... ...... .......... z% 104% Potash. (actual! ) .: ... ....... ...! ,6.5.to..7.50
rri? FINE GROUND 'BONE

.1 I Pure 't t >/w I "Ammonia.;... ...:.4105' per.ct. I Phosphoric Acid..:......*.....20 to 21 \perct.. I }{JqaltoD.one.Phosph. ...";. :-to"46.: : 'per ct.g 7

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'
, J: ; ;Matter Fertilizers. : IMPERIAL PLOWS, HARROWS 'AND CULTIVATORS.' :? I If,1


.f,1! Made of the best material by skilled mechanics, according 'to the

IMPERIAL latest approved designs. The most economical, because the strongest

J and most durable. ..
.
Spring Tooth Lever Cultivator. ". .s .; "
I 't
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,' PRICE, '7 Teeth, 800.. .
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. 't .iPh ':This implement is very popular in all fruit-growing. districts ;' apple! peach, .orange groves, .. \-:-: :., ', '
..,. tobacco: and com culture and furtruck. farming has no equal.. Made with sevenor eight spring ''' ,.'.. ,;;t..;' IMPERIAL PLOWS .
.' for with lever from 'Unloads trash stirs and .
teeth. Ea"ily adjusted depth rear. readily ; pulverize ''
11 the ground thoroughly. Made of steel and malleable iron; finished. nicely.,and bound to give No. 10. Chilled. weight 80.lbs .... ... $9.00 I No. 9. Chilled, weight. 65Ibs.$7; .00. <;
i#t satisfaction wherever used.: Adjusted for depth. No.8. .' 50 Ibs.. .. .... 6.00 I I No. 5. u 46 lb!;....... .... .. 500. ItI
I I'

,
I The,teeth 8J4 inches ,long and, -KJ. inch. square, are r fastened to the cross bars by clamps l ., and
'
r ;. an be raised or lowered to any degree of cut or taken out for resharpening. The cross bars are
; !o:;. U ". shaped, the lightest 'and strongest shape'known for a barrow bar, and are highlyCa1lonized: }
'' r" :. e to add stiffness and prevent bending or getting out'-of shape. A forward movement of.-1he handle y.it .
throws the teeth into a horizontal position, allowing the rubbish to escape. .Brackets attached :to
f' : 1 each corner turn down when the tt-eth are out of the ground and make transportation over'uu-
? r C. plowed ground easy. Three feet nine inch sections, four bars each.
;' One section, 24 teeth, f a inch,:cuts 3 feet 9 inches..... ........ .... ...:$ 8.00. .
a Two sections, 48 teeth, fi inch, cuts 7 leet 6 inches,..... .... .. .. ..... 15.00.
: These prices include draw bars. '

.-

.i ,a---Y Send for complete catalogue and price lists of Fertilizers, Agricultural. implements. ,;:Pi4in s,
<: ion Hose, 'Pine Apple, Tomato and'Berry.Crates,-etc, -, '' r'2'f:
\ .. ;. :
: 't..., -'' ." ., TJ"3 .A:..4.,..,.T' ... '.: ,j'

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IMPERIAL STEEL "U" BAR LEVER HARROW. Jao1 oia'v111e, J3M.au:

.

.. . .... )
State News. tages will be erected to rent to the two roads to see what they will do, Haven shippers. Of course these

,-- employes. The company will com- and report _at a meeting ,to beheld on prices will, not hold up long. *, l hut

mence operations; temporary quarters Saturday the nth iiistGainesville: there's plenty, money''' in/the I 'crpp: at

Ydh'auncey Bacon; made us a brief call in'thirty days. ; Sun.These (far less prices.-BartowC: urier" x

Thursday afternoon. Mr. Bacon was Mr. George Riggin shipped fourteen Florida problems'come thick I

on his return from Hawks Park, wherehe barrels of carefully culled potatoeslast and fast. The collapse of the bean ; -W.L.' DOUGLAS

had been enjoying a few days visit week from a fourth of an acre. market has come sure, and it came '3 .
;: IS ;
with his friend, W. S. Hart. Mr. Ba- One hundred and forty bushels of potatoes soon, too' soon for the. large and fine MOr. FIT FOR'AKINQ.COIWOVAN f .

'con.says that Mr. Hart's orange groves at $2 a bushel, to the acre is crop yet on hand. Nature just played, Mif/' . $ v. ;
have suffered less from the February not bad farming at all.ManateeRiver into the hands of our growers by giving Ii'!!;!' '" FRENCH&ENAMELLED CALF.
;((({(4'ifi.' .-jiJI; 'FlNECALF&KANfiAROd! ;
others that he and .
them
freezing than any saw. Journal. a quick splendid cropof :::;,!, :: 3.6PPOUCE,3SOLES.
This, he thinks, is to be attributed to 'But it is tolerably bad figuring.A beans. Everybody seemed to have :\/ "' ;

the excellent protection provided. Mr. ,, meeting of the Vegetable Grow- beans in abundance! ,; the market T.\.\\..\,\..';;"'...,\_, ".,I $,60. EXTRA$Z. WORKINGMf F'.fiE- .

Hart's trees are planted in groves of ers' Association was held yesterday opened up finely'and shipments were '; $$1.7.iBoys'ScHOoiSH r&

two acres each, and around each groveis afternoon at P.; F. Wilson's store, tremendous. The'world soon became r" ..I.iADIES'"' "'

a good wind break,fifty feet in width. to take action respecting freight rates overstocked with them' and now beans $3.$2 $ 1.7NGO'. .-,

Not only will Mr. Hart soon have or- for the ensuing'year. C. A. Colcloughwas in' the patches are hardly" worth the :: bES1P.FOR !.J.
CATALOGUE:
anges to market again, but in the called to the chair. It was the picking-for shipment we mean.- ''' 'iN.L'DOUGL.AS. _

meantime is reaping a rich harvest unanimous opinion of those present Plant City ,Courier Over One Million People BROCKTOPIMABS wean!the .: -

from his apiary.-Halifax Journal. that the railroads offering the lowest A telegram from the east coast' to a' W. L. Douglas $3 & $4'Slices

The "Times-Union" says a tobacco rates for the season be given all the Jacksonville ''paper says that a grower All our shoes are equally satisfactory

factory employing 300 hands, will goods, and that the growers agree -to down there has received $140 for 20 They give the best value for the money 4,

, $Soon be established i in Jacksonville this in writing. J. P. Wells and C. crates of tomatoes. We ..understandthat Their They equal wearing custom qualities shoes are In unsurpassed.style and fit. ;*

The company will put up a three-story A. Colclough were appointed a com- returns of $10 per crate have The From prices$1 to are$3 saved uniform over,-..other.stamped makes on solo.

t brick building, and five hundred cot- mittee to interview the agents of the been received by some .of' our Winter If you dealer cannot supply you. WQ. can. '.' '..
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..YEAR.FLORIDA'S 2 PER. FLORIDA FARMER m FRUIT-GROWER. 'Mr



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ORANGE GROVES. 'forces are concentrated: for 't the supreme the trunk like a 'cancer and it will FARMERAND FRUIT ";GROWER y tf7e V
.
,(' effort of rebuilding the tree. never be worth.much.MR. : only quotation he makes from, our ,

.: The State Horticultural Society He thinks a bearing tree will be ob- E. S. HUBBARD columns to sustain his charge is the

. 'L''# Hold an Inquest Over Their tained about "as soon by budding this Takes a hopeful view, but spoke following from the issue of February :,A!

', Remains. leader as by sprig budding, and then mostly of the varieties that ought to 16 : "It is only men of abundant \

THEY FIND A LIVELY CORPSE. one is more likely to have a strong be used principally in' reconstructing m.eans who should depend 'on orange

That the orange industry immeasur- tree. the groves. His views will be foundin culture as a single crop. Men who
MR. A. MANVILLE require a sure income. for: the supportof
ably overshadows every other in Flor- full in the excellent papers published -
their
ida }in popular interest and popular affection said he wanted to speak aword of encouragement last'week, and in this issue, ,which families. should'never build" '
all their
has been demonstrated anew and hope to the few who every orange grower should read. A hopes on an orange grove.

by the recent meeting of the State Hor- were, despondent over the fact that correct choice of varieties will enable rial We utterances will reproduce,which Mr.two Adams other edito-choseto

ticultural Society. The horticulturists their trees had 'not started yet. He growers to avoid many quicksands of
\ of the State for twenty years have heard had had some experience with a grove the past and will be' worth millions to .ignore : In the issue of March 23,
we wrote "There is'money in growing
little but orange trees,yet they came up unfortunately situated ,as to frost,conditions ,Florida.
.
or high-priced early vegetableson
oranges
-
here hungering to hear more. Every and he emphatically insisted
Not Crawfishing1 on Oranges.In a blackjack ridge, even with an occasional
discussion;on whatever: subject, driftedat that not an orange" tree in Florida, :
freeze but
'
food-farming there
last on to this. There'were a few old is killed 'and branch his'address before the eighth annual ,
young or <; root<; is "
a hopeless,business.
gentlemen who wanted to hear something by the cold. The brace or collar meeting of the State Horticultural \
Society President W. Adams In the issue of .March 2, under the 1
Dudley
'about grapes, pears, pineapples, roots may be decorticated, you may '
heading Investments in Groves *
and in private they expressed disap- have to dig down to find the green, presented a sample of the trenchant Orange ,
sarcasm of which ,he-is a master that we wrote, in part : "The poor man
pointment and criticized the Society and still further to find the yellow, as ,
with severity for its exclusive devotionto Mr. Adams says ; but it is certainly cuts like a Damascus blade, which, it is who must have a sure income every
said would, sever a silk handkerchief year should never depend on an or-
the orange. The horticulturists of there all right, even if you have to get ,
tossed in the air. The,silk handkerchief ange grove alone ; but a rich man
Florida in convention assembled virtually
down the .
,
on taproot.We < ,
? who is willing to in Florida sufficient -
in stay a
this case was diversification of
said: "You gentlemen who grow must remember that the tree
pineapples, persimmons, etc., are wel- has to form new buds down in the crops'in the orange belt. part of the year to give his personal ;-
In view of the events of this winter ,supervision to the critical pro-
come'to' our hospitality, and we hope thick old,bark, and these tender shoots
of.winters Mr.Adams cesses of the business can count. ,on
will to meet with very pertinentlyasks
you always come us. have to force their 'way up through good returns for his capital."
But just-now the man of the house hasa sand wedged and indurated by the whether we actuallyhave a horti-
We could cite other similar
very bad cold,complicated with,rheumatism powerful force of the old tree throughten culture i in Florida, or whether, we are passages.
but these are sufficient. THE FARMERAND
and he is busy consulting with} fifteen, twenty years. Hence we deluding ourselves with a mockeryandhave FRUIT GROWER stands unmoved
the doctors and rubbing his joints with must help these shoots, dig down to been for twenty years. Mr. Adams '
on those utterances and does
Next heaven .here commits a mild error in substitut- to-day (.
turpentine.
please them
year, meet and'give them light and air.
'will talk about and ing the general term "horticulture", for not retract or modify one syllableofthem.
we grapes persimmons Release the imprisoned spirit of the
need
They no comment. Wemake"
,and it will ""citrus culture, but probably every-
peaches. tree and astonish and ,delight
in ,his his o explanation. We have only: t.
audience knew
We will the views'and. state- body mean-
. present you, in time, by its growth.
, ; reproduced them to refresh Mr Adams'
ing and the error therefore was,not ; j J
ments of some of the lights of the convention A : ,
MR. H. G. HASTINGS important. memory, for 'when we have said a ..'
obtained partly by taking : '
thing and a man understands it
we are
interviews said that Interlachen has about President Adams himself certainly
notes, partly by personal 1,400 :
not in the habit of saying it again
affords instance of successful citri-
with them.MR. acres of groves and a packinghousewhich an a
culturist and not only a successful buta We have a very distinct recollectionof
ADAMS. is conceded to be the finest in ,
DUDLEY W. an eminent who
Florida probably the finest in the courageous one. Before daylight, on orange grower ,
,Directly after the February freeze world. Of these of February 8th, he looked at his ther- with great earnes,riess;said to the writerin
groves, many ''
Mr. Adams telegraphed to Californiafor the reading-room of the 'Placide
mometer and said to hisfamily "That
which are owned by non-residents he : ,
bud wood, all of which he used in does not know of important settles it." As soon as he could get Hotel, Yes, but what are we to do
sprig budding or bark grafting em- any part to supply our purses until our
'\, which are to be abandoned. Many to the office he: telegraphed to Califor- oranges
bracing about forty acres. The trees again ? How are we to fill this
have tried sprig budding with 'California nia ,for budwood. This he used to grow
were cut down to the ground and the wood and are pleased with the such excellent purpose in his forty-acre aching void ? "

sprigs inserted between the bark and results, as the sprigs are growing well grove, that before he came up to the Now we rest comfortable in the be-

.. the wood low down. He did not stop inmost cases. He prefers sprig bud- meeting of the. Society he found at lief that this eminent orange grower j

with green bark, he went clear downto ding to the natural sprouting. The least one shoot,four feet high. Judg has a bank account abundantly ableto 1

the yellow, where the peculiar pep- natural sprout has to come out through ing from the precedent of some rough carry him over the present painful ;

pery smell gave unmistakable proof thick, hard bark which pinches it, lemons frozen to the ground one year hiatus; and that when, he made the I

that he had touched the quick. whereas the inserted sprig affords an and budded with Washington Navels, above utterance, he had particularly

I The cross section of an orange tree outlet to the forces of the tree. he expects to have trees next fall eightor in mind the poor fellows who have no !
easy
. is never round, it has ridges and; val- Even' if it does nothappen to be in- ten feet high and with a diameterof such bank account-for he was a j

: leys. He took care not to,insert the serted at the strongest spot in the tree, 2 4 inches. Mr. Adams is certainly shining'light among the Grangers and
j sprig on a ridge lest it should split the the Alliancemen and ardent defender !
, the latter takes kindly to it and some years beyond middle life, but an -
bark. By inserting it in a valley he changes the current of its forces in we expect to see him yet, as he has of the rights of the masses.

found sufficient' slack in the bark to favor of the new-comer. It is a fact done in former years, sell many a box Yes, truly, how shall we fill this

yield and receive the twig without that an inserted sprig draws the of Hart's Tardif in the spring, grownon aching void ? How, for instance, is

splitting. The point of a knife blade strength of, the tree to itself and soon trees started this, season, for $5 to I the luckless grower who depended on

pushed in and then withdrawn gave becomes the leader, overtopping $6, even $8 a box in 'New York. his orange crop to pay his subscription -
the twig a chance to enter when the THE FARMER FRUIT
the natural sprouts. It must be care- Mr. Adams, therefore, has certainlynot to AND
.bark' was not otherwise loose.A protected.MR. shown the white feather on the GROWER, going to pay it now when l
fully
very large proportion of these subject of orange culture, but he avers he has no oranges ? And-'ar more

have grown right off practically,all H. B. STEVENS, that the Florida journals devoted to important than that-how is he going

of them. They are growing thriftily.REV. Of,Citra, stated that he has charge of rural affairs have done so without ex to get bread for his wife and, babies ?

LYMAN PHELPS a'large'' grove of bearing trees, most of ception. He says, "The tone of the Where is he going to get it, Mr.

Confirmed Mr. Adams' statements as which are coming out well up toward Florida press seems to be that a man Adams ? In many cases he ,wouldnot

to the success of his sprig budding, the'top. They saw off the dead limbs who spends a large part'' of his time get it at all' if his lemon trees 'did

for he had visited the grove mentioned back into the.sprouts a little way, be- and thoughts ,and study in growingcorn not bear this year Early Murphys and

.. and carefully inspected Yet he is cause the sprouts which border on the peanuts, chufas, razorbacks and ,' his orange trees the Duke Jones Na-

rather inclined to prefer the natural dead wood are likely to'die back after crabgrass and a few oranges will be vel.Let '

sprouting of ,the tree. Let nature ..inI awhile anyhow. They also take great more wise and consequently more suc- us treat this matter in the light

dicate for herself her strongest point, pains to clean away all the frozen cessful than one who devotes his en- of plain reason; Florida glories in the

I "the. particular spot on the stump blotches'on the trunk, scraping away tire energY' and skill and time to the superb fruits produced by her Harts,

, I where she prefers to throw up the, the bark and the punky wood, if any, economical production of a horticul- her Adams, her Phelps, her Hub-

: leader which is to reconstruct the down to the sound fibre and smearing, tural product of the highest excel- bard, which'more than anything else,

tree When sprig is thrust in it may the wound with some preservative. If lence.". have given her a name in the world.

do violence to the instincts of the tree these.sores are not thoroughly excluded Our brethren of the Florida presscan All right-thinking rejoice to see

by not,being inserted where its vital from the'air, they will gnaw into speak for themselves. As for the these... gentlemen, by' a faithful, intel-
I


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308 THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.:

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f 'DO NOT BUY FERTILIZERSUnless



: you know who you are dealing with. "CHEAP1'' Fertilizers are dear at any price. Our motto i is, "GOOD FERTILIZER CHEAP," (not
Cheap Fertilizers at Low Prices,) and we point with pride to the reputation attained by the LITTLE BROS.' Brands wherever used.
For present conditions we recommend the use of the following brand described in our Circular Letter of December 31, 1894, and which has already

been used extensively : mm

Special attention is also called to the following-brand :
"
NETTBR DESPAIR BRAND
rRuCx: :; :iRrirzzEi.Ammonia .

.'( Available Phosphoric....!.!........Acid..4......6 to to 6 7 per" cent." Ammonia f .............. ....a to 4 per cent.
Potash, (Actual)...... .......3 too I Available Phosphoric.... Acid..6 to 8 '
"
::1 Potash (Actual 1)) a..4 t 0 6
', PRICE, $32.00 Per Ton f. o. b,, Jacksonville. PRICE, ,$22.00 Per Ton, f. o.,b., Jacksonville.
I
Lowest prices on Cotton Seed Meal, Nitrate Soda, .Sulphates and Muriates of Potash. Write us for prices on any thing you may need.

i LITTLE BROS': FERTILIZER AND PHOSPHATE CO., JACKSONVILLE I FLA. I

i
,/ .
il\ I II
, ligent devotion to their specialty, lay by rubbing off short spurs whose open SORRENTO, FLORIDA.A 'i I idents; "on account of the freeze," are I
? up money enough to carry them hap- tips might become spiles to conduct the intending go away, I hear, to workin I
pily over the evil day which has fal fungus into the inside. The tree, when Town "Accursed" by God and. cotton mills in Atlanta, Ga., until r
:; len at last. planted, should,be headed back'withina Man. their grove is renewed by nature's judicious i
!, But THE FARMER AND PRUIT few inches of the ground. Allow Editor Parmer and Fruit Grower. care.

GROWER can never forget that, of about five shoots to spring up-never, I God The and State seems Even to me accursed by in We greatly regret' the departure of

;! its paying constituency, far, far the on any account, allow a LeConte pear, I man. peach trees these two families, but for the present
full killed the
: greater number are men who are not tree to retain one main center pole. The ;' bearing were to ground. shall have to submit. This is all the
adapted to prosecute a high and, fine second year cut off- the five brancheslow .My neighbors, men of push and 'enterprise changes that have occurred or will occur -
specialty, and most of whom, if they down and force the tree to start are leaving as fast as rats desert so far as now known. Predictionsare
il have something to eat, must raise it up again with eight or'ten' limbs. Af- a sinking ship. Our town, six that in the near future we shall regain -

j; themselves. The journal would be this it may be allowed to go'up, but months ago is ,so prosperous and wellpopulated more than the loss, and, if hap-
i recreant to'i its duty if it did not do its the center pole being now divided up very nearly abandoned. pily Butts and Summerville don't stay
I havehad irons
in the fire
best to i instruct and i inform this humbler into eight, ten or twelve poles, the tree many too long, we shall be happy indeed.Mr. .
""j" multitude according to the best will not go so high. Keep the insideof at once in order to. make a living Wyman, our shoemaker, and
,
here and have been successfulup
lights it can obtain. the tree well trimmed out and open, fairly one of the members of the firm of
free from all spurs which might give to the present; 'now all is over, Register & Rivers, have gone to High
and when' I leave need take'
Pear Blight Prevailing Again.Borne entrance to the fungus. Thus you will labors for it is none ueeless.- up- Springs, Fla., hoping to better their
raise tree from which' my condition both estimable Both
a
; you can gather men..
weeks Professor Waite of but.fifteen
I boxes of
_
ago shipped or-
i most of the fruit from theground: andit new residents (about a year) but none i
the U. S. Department of Agriculture of of 180 boxes
anges out a crop ,
} will not be likely to be attacked by the less valuable lor that. We ;needa
visited South Georgia and West Florida December 1894. The transportation
the shoemaker-send
blight.Mr. good us a man-'
and found that the true fire blight of
I
company put a charge $13.04 on
rl George L. Taber of Glen St. and a,blacksmith too.
'; was dormant if not extinct. But soon three boxes of oranges from Sorrento,
after his return unhappily, it broke out Mary, confirmed these views, but said Fla., to Lawrence, Mass., and the As to groves to be abandoned or
he does not fear the
again and members coming to the blight very refused it and the rather now abandoned. There is one
up consignee to pay
'I, meeting of the State Horticultural So- much. By keeping the tree snug fruit.was a total loss., I have. ascer- grove of 300 acres owned ,by a lady in
and compact, with all the brancheswell Kansas that we hear has decided not
ciety reported that it is prevailing tained that some blockhead put on
wrapped up to the tips, we can to in it. The
r more or less in places from Pensacola freight for twenty-three boxes on the put any more money )
nearly,if not quite, to Lake City. exclude the fungus, except on those three boxes. The transportation grove should have been a paying property -
.t Mr. G. W. Mellish of DeFuniak, tips. Ceaseless vigilance should be company now crawls out of it by stat- -richly paying, too-for the past
accompanied Professor Waite on his exercised, and the moment any black- ing that a bill of expense was not at- five years, but it never has paid one
ened foliage is seen let the tip be cut cent and I the is wise at .
tour of examination and he made some tached to claim as not paid, and so it guess lady ,
:!t I valuable statements to the society. off and burned to ashes. In this case, least for the present. "

He repeated briefly the fact,,which is as in so many others, prevention is not goes.For a long time I have looked upon Asa result of the freeze our' people
be in .
> now well established and indisputable, to compared to cure import the railroads as blood-suckers and have all had the trimly craze bad.

thatpear, blight is caused by a vege- ance. thieves, and'the bulk of commissionmen (Don't put "b" for "m" in trimly.)
table fungus which is carried by bees, Layering the ,Camphor. no better; so few orange growers They have decided it is too much trou-
i insects, birds, perhaps floats in the air, Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: need,weep over the ruin of all l their ble to gather oranges off from high trees,
and enters the tree at the extremitiesof I'think it was in the FARMER AND hopes and labors, for we are here, it and so have cut off all the '''limbs on

branches, through the bloom, 'FRUIT GROWER that I saw an enquiry seems, but to nourish and feed, rail- seedling groves very near to the crotch,
through the pores at the very end of whether camphor trees could be roads and commission men. As to or body; that is, on,,old, large trees,
twigs where the prcess of growth is grown from layers or cuttings. I have making a living out of the pine woods and trees eight to ten years, old and
going forward. It is incapable of entering tried both' and every layer lived and land by farming, that has long since younger are trimmed off close to the

through the bark, even the ten- rooted, but I had no success at all vanished as a dream and ,a delusionin ground, and, as I understand it, they
derest,. but it is believed that it may with cuttings.My Florida. propose to compel trees in the futureto
'; sometimes enter through the holes camphor trees were killed by WALTER COOPER. put out limbs closer to the ground.
drilled by wood-peckers. This fun- the freeze. They are sprouting now Sorrento, Fla. And, singular as it may seem, this
gus does not circulate in the sap and I shall layer all but one sprout From internal evidence we were course, they have decided to cut all
but spreads along in the green inner and expect them all to grow.A. disposed to question the statements of budded trees close to the ground; thatis

bark.From J. ALDRICH. this letter, and we accordingly wroteto within eight inches to two or three
this it is very apparent that if Orlando, Fla. another Sorrento correspondent, ,in feet of the ground, no matter how oldor
we: cart keep the limbs and trunk wrap- The smokestack of the East Coast whom we place confidence, asking big the trees. I had to be in style,
ped up in a sheet of unbroken bark we Fiber company, towering to the tops him to give us,exact statements as to of course, and my 1600 trees are
can exclude the blight germs from en- of the pines and tipped with the the number of permanent residents trimmed a la mode.

try-except at the tips of the twigs. If Flagler colors, has been placed in position -: who have left the town on account of We have been, so far, quite disap. "
it enters here it speedily gives evidenceof and the press, scales, shafting, the freeze. His reply is given below : pointed that the new growth has been '

it,by blackening the foliage, and by engine, etc., are all up and ready.for Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: so slow, and, no doubt, many have
promptly cutting off the twig we remove business. We hear that Mr. A. S. In reply to yours of 2d inst, I an- been somewhat. frightened, thinkingthe
I it,from the tree without mutilat- Magruder has taken the contact to swer question i. Calvin :]Butts "an "cut" too deep, but present indications
ing it much. But if it effects an entry haul the needed palmetto stock at so old resident, on account of the freeze,"- are quite "heartening," and '
far down on a main limb or on the much per ton, and will doubtless set- sold his grove to Levi Risinger for some of us are actually looking for
trunk, then we have to disfigure and tle as long ,as the contract lasts at $4,000.00 cash and Mr. Risinger's bloom.

3 I dash the tree savagely to get it out. least, and when people once stop for a place-that is his old place, grove, We are all trying to grow some.
Obviously,then, we should keep all time here they always return.Florida etc.-and is planning to go away. thing or do something to carry us
the main wood of the tree well sheathed Star. John Summerville and family, old res- through till our trees are again in

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THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. 300
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bearing, and all are confident we wont Meantime as these growers are urgent, THE TRIFOLIATA.As to say of the trifoliata : "I know of no ,'
have to use such long ladders to we would repeat the recommendationof variety of the citrus family that can be '
gather the fruit-at least for some Professor Webber, that ,the same a Stock. Its Hardiness, Etc. ,, more neglected, more exposed to ex=
[Read before the Orange Growers' Union, Pla-
time, and if while waiting for fruit resin-wash he used which is found auemines, Parish, La., May 5,1895.] tremes of temperature or to excess of
again we should learn some of the efficacious against the white fly. This The trifoliata (citrus trifoliata, lim moisture and dryness with so much
possibilities of our Florida soil to growa resin-wash as given by the United onium trifoliatum, aegle separia and impunity. In the seventeen years
variety of agricultural products, States Department of Agriculture, citrus tripthera of botanists) is attract- that I have had this citrus under observation
some of the "wise ones" will not regret Office of Experiment! Stations, is as ing,a great deal of attention among the I have never found an in-
the trimly craze. follows : orange growers of the Gulf States, jurious insect on the tree or its leaves, :.
So far as known people are enjoy- Caustic soda, one pound; resin, more especially .since the freeze of flowers or fruit." ;:
ing good health and every one nearlyis eight pounds. Dissolve the soda in February, the effect of which has beento You will please remember that in ,'
trying to be happy. None of our one gallon of boiling water. Remove create a general desire for a tree 1888, when this description was writ-
merchants have failed to continue to half and add the resin, boiling until that will withstand more cold than the ten, the name of the plant was in dis. '
i sell all the goods they can and at as dissolved. Slowly add the remainderand trees that are now generally grown.As pute, but now I believe trifoliata is i
I fair prices as possible for them. Our dilute until it can be strained the trifoliata is the hardiest generally accepted as the proper name : "
I I young people's societies still flourish. through a thin cloth. Dilute to 32 known variety of the citrus it has been so that to be right you will use the .
Church work goes on with increasing gallons before using., Two ounces of assumed that owing to its deciduous. name c. trifoliata as a substitute forc.
I vigor, and I venture the assertion that Paris green or London purple may character, other varieties of the citrus tripthera in Dr. Devron's description. -
I. Sorrento, Florida, has as good and en- be added to this when used.A family might be placed on it and thus The testimony of many others,
! terprising citizens, and fully as con different formula for the, resin rendered more hardy. Before' enter- too numerous to name, affirms Dr.:
j I tented, as any "burg" in the State. wash,is given by Professor Webber, ing into a discussion of this branch of Devron's opinion of the ,hardiness of
I In fact, it is generally believed here which will be found in another the subject, I will transcribe a des- the plant. But how is it as a stock ?
I that this is the "hub," and of course column as given for the treatment of cription in the letters of Dr. G. Devron, The accepted theory is that on account -
other dwellers outside are:so to speak, the melon aphis.As of New Orleans, letters received from of its deciduous character it
j I in the suburbs. We 'shall shortly be these- gentlemen inquired for Dr. Devron in 1888, and who, I trust, would hold other varieties of the
ready to ship car.loads of melons and the resin wash formula we have givenit will pardon me for making this publicuse citrus worked on it in a perfectly dor-
.. other good things to the good peopleon to them. In addition we would of their contents.Dr. mant condition during the winter, the
the "outside" who are "needy" venture to suggest that Bean's coccidi- Devron writes : "I will give danger period. It now seems that
and have a big pocketbook. The cide has been proven to be a specificfor you first what I believe to be the true this is only partly true. But as thereis
"trimly craze" sorter diminishes the white fly, and probably it name of the plant citrus tripthera, abundant testimony on this point, I
would do equally as good service (Desfontaines) not limonium trifolia will offer part of it and you may form
ours.Very truly yours, against this new enemy. tum as it has been called. The citrus your own opinion, each for himself.In .
H. S. HOWARD. Later We are now able to state, tripthera, a ,native of North China, is Texas, H. M. Stringfellow says
Sorrento, Fla. from ocular demonstration, that a deciduous hardy variety of the citrus that eight degrees was too much for
P. S. I am glad to note you hesi-- Bean's coccidicide will destroy this family, having already stood the win- their Oonshin oranges on trifoliata,
tate to publish such pessimistic lettersas pest when thoroughly applied. Or- ter temperature of Paris and New York and further says that the sap was in
one you mention, and in my judg- ange twigs and magnolia leaves, con- without protection. Its large blossoms motion as was evidenced by trifoliata -,
ment you never should. I made care- taining them, _,were wet with it and appear (like on the apple and the alongside that were uninjured.
ful inquiry last evening and have the flies or ,hoppers died in their plUm) before the leaves. As a rule in G. L. Taber,Glen St. Mary, Fla.,who A
herein. given you all the changes heardof. tracks almost,instantly.Transplanting. New Orleans, they are open on the propagates extensively on trifoliata,
Some groves may, in the ,near .. : 17th of March, 'St. Patrick's Day.' on the authority of the FARMER AND
future, be abandoned-ought to be, "The blossoms have no odor. A FRUIT GROWER, says that his nursery
as they never would or could pay. It Trees. second crop of blossoms appear about trees or trifoliata were all..killed downto
has been so for years, and this is true Editor Farmer and FruitGrower.I the first of May and a third in the be- the earth line which had been bank- r

of the entire State, as you: well know. note the remarks in a recent num- ginning of June. Fruit is producedeach ed up against them for their protec.
Again let me say, do not never pub ber of C.A. Boone on moving our trees.It time ; the late formed are some- tion, but that the stock and a few
lish letters that tend to dishearten. ]I is with a good deal of hesitancy thatI what smaller but ripen at the same inches of the bud were saved and were
actually thought strongly two and call in question the ideas of a growerof time with first and begin to drop off now growing finely.
three years ago of telling the FRUIT such long experience as my friend the tree from the first to the last of From the same source I quote J. H;
GROWER to stop my paper and keep Boone. The proof of the pudding is November. The fruit is round, of a Girardeau, Monticello, Fla., who says,
the money, just because of the depressing the eating, and we have eaten ours, or pale yellow when ripe and of a diam- that the February 8th freeze killed all
influence of such letters as share of it and it eter of from one to one and one half of his satsumas on trifoliata stocks,
a good is pronounceda
W. P. Neeld and others used to get inches. The skin contains a fragrant but that dormant buds on trifoliata
in. We want a stiff upper lip and to success.When the freeze came the first substance that might be used in per- stocks were not injured and were now
,talk for our locality. If all cry "hard thought was that it would not do the fumery. The pulp is not edible. The growing finely. These gentlemen are
;
times" hard times it is ; so if all cry trees had received such a shock that to present value of the fruit is in the 30 both located outside of the orange belt:
"good times," good times will come. move them would finish them. But I or 40 well developed seeds which each proper in Florida.
H. S. HOWARD. reasoned like this: the damage is to fruit contains. The seeds, if kept Dr. W. C. Stubbs, Director of the
moist, grow well when planted; the Louisiana Experiment Stations, on
n 4. the leaf system, and the root and leaf
of plants retain their leaves the first win- March i4th, wrote me that "out of the
' systems are already out balance
A New Orange Pest. ;
will ter and some even the second but on 125 varieties of orange trees we had
them
now, to transplant only bring
Through the Florida Fruit Ex- more nearly in harmony. So, on this the third winter, they, like the older growing here (Audubon Park, New
change we have received letters from reasoning, I went to work. I have trees, become deciduous. The older Orleans,) from one to four years old
Messrs. F. G. Sampson and M. S. moved all, largest trees, some overa trees begin to shed their leaves from : and upon all kinds of stocks, we find
Moremen, concerning a new pest foot in my diameter, and I only have the first to the fifteenth of Novemberand 'only one or two on trifoliata left alivein
which is havoc with the before Christmas leaf orchard."
playing young not a re our
about twenty-five, running from fourto
growth of the orange trees. From the mains. The citrus tripthera is more Messrs. Moore & Dameron, of Toc-
six inches in diameter, to move yet,
description given by these gentlementhe when I will have grove as I have hardy than the sour orange, as I had coa, La., whose bearing trees were so
two pests seem to be identical. long wanted it and my without the loss of that treee killed, or rather fatally in- badly hurt that they had them cut backto
i r Mr. Sampson accompanies his,letter two jured, with, the c. tripthera grafted on : the ground, had nursery trees on tri-
I' with a glass jar containing samples of How crops.have the. trees stood the mov- it, green and growing without support ,foliata that came through with parts of
the and and leaves from the stock. their which retained
pest twigs injuredby foliage, they yet
ing? Finely not one of them but has
them. The fly is snow-white and ; "It can be worked on any variety of when I saw them, about the middle of
growth from one to two feet long, andI
similar the white in the and all varieties of the cit further south
very to fly, fact, to do not know how I could ask for orange April. Coming to my
., our observation, almost identical withit them to be better. Of course, I took rus family can be grown on it, dwarfing own immediate neighborhood (Fort
except in size, being from 75 to 100 them' in stature and rendering them Jackson and Buras), where bearing
good care of them; it don't pay to expend -
percent larger. It saps the juices of the muscle to move a more hardy. This tree will, I be- budded Creole orange trees on sour
young twigs and leaves and stringsover large tree and then necessary neglect it. But lieve, in future be adopt ed for a hedge stocks, located within two arpents of
them a white flocculent web. this care they would have.had, freezeor plant, its hardiness small size, and the river, mostly escaped with the loss .
Though not assuming'to pronounce I no freeze. So moving trees after a pointed thorns, making it more impenetrable of foliage and ,terminal branches, but
upon it with certainty, we believe it to freeze is like other things in than the barbed wire, and are now green and growing under favorable -
be thej psyllid> fly mentioned by Professor Florida; it can only many be told by trying.,, certainly more easily kept in proper circumstances, will give a fair
H;>J. Webber of the Sub- :With me it has satisfac- shape than the osage orange formerlyused crop next year. Here the large bearing -
Tropical La ratory. We shall, how- 1 ory. proven IRVING very KECK. for that purpose." trees on trifoliata, which would
ever, send it TO, him for identification. Bowling Green, Fla., May 8, 1895. Six years later Dr. Devron has thi have been valuable'for this severe test,


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.. ... _.. s '. -""... .. __... ._.. ._'--__._ .,. .u.-. ..'_...- _.." __ ..: .. --- -.r .- --.- --. "... .u'+_-:- -,'-. ...'._'..'.....,,..-,;..,,.....,.:.,_,y-',"T1,."-;'i.VrVr":" --- .-
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,: 310 THE :FLORIDA FARMER AND FBUIT-aROWBB.

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A FERTILIZER TO SUIT THE TIMES : : ,_ ,,_ ,:' "

it ': -'p-: ," : : ': :' : :. )" '
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ft'.f '
;I THE IDEAL I k' ::". : ::;:.:t: :

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r,' :i. ,. 'JYTanufaetUfed; by Wilson & Toomei, Jacksonville, fla., '.';. -, I I


: :w f#( FOR. ', ORANGE i. TREES. i VEGETABLES' AND FIELD CROPS. :". ,<.' u, :, :

', ,..;:.' Ammonia, 4 1-2 to 5 1-2 per cent. .::/?: .:.*. i. ;
', .. Available Phosphoric Acid, 4 1-2 to 6 per cent. ,' *\ i

.'.' Potash Sulphate, 11 to '13 per cent. ..
'
Made,,Exclusively from Nitrate of Soda, Cotton Seed Meal, Blood and Bone, Acid Phosphate and Sulphate of Potash.

:Price,2 .00' ,per 'L'ori: F. 'O.: :B. -


.' We also. :have a large supply of J.. H. Baker & Bro.'s Celebrated Complete Manures in stock. Also, Nitrate of Soda, Blood and Bone,

:' Acid Phosphate, Dissolved Bone, Selected Kentucky Tobacco Stems, Ground Tobacco Stems, Etc. "

'.: WE SEEK THE GROWERS DIRE T. LARGE ,STOCK, LOW PRICES. ,,):., ,
: Solicited. S ':":" '!
. Correspondence .
.' 0
'
\ "V\.YILSON & 1 OOiNIR.
,
;:; Bright Cotton Seed Meal S2O.OO' per ton
Dark Cotton Seed Meal, 10.5O per ton. THE F'ERTILIZER HOUSE OF FLORIDA.
;
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; were nearly all destroyed in the over- I conclude, from the evidence citedas south has :already been almostcraped.;; quickly and can be planted as late as

t whelming storm of October,'1893. The well as (from previous observations, clean of potash by the exportation'' of July 15, in Florida; June 15 to July, iin
few s'urviving'large trees stood the latter that the bud materially 'changes the corn and cotton products. In a States further North.

test without other loss than foliage. action' of the stock, depriving it, in measure, phosphoric 'acid has been The Spanish must be harvested as

One tree, a kumquat, with more thana part at least, of its deciduous character replaced from 'time to time in the soon as ripe, if planted for an early
foot of snow drifted around its stem, and making partake more of the shape of acid phosphate, but the deficiency'of crop as they sprout very quickly after
,1 and its branches 'weighted nearly toJ nature and habits of the top,' thereby potash'has never been adequately maturity if left in the ground. With.

J l the ground with snow, sustained no injury -' weakening,,it to that extent.V. made; up. A luxuriant yieldof ,its bushy top it is much more easily
whatever, retaining of its foli- S. REDDICK.Buras cow peas is sure to follow a reasonable "cut for hay and cured as easily as beg-
"I age. This,was the ideal tree. La., May, 1895, application of potash, and'can. gar weed or crabgrass. If grown for-
-*-4Cow
'Mr. George Schoenberger had a lot Peas. : not'be' obtained without,it. the; ,nuts only, the tops may be plowedin

1 of Satsumas on trifoliata'in nursery, S. PEACOCK. giving the same ,results 'as ,cow
that retained part of their foliage after Editor Farmer; and Fruit-Grower; peas. ,
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I the freeze, having since been 'transplanted Much has been said and written on h.Ghufas and ,Peanuts. Ground .,where ,this crop is made
and are now doing well. Mr. the value of the cow pea as a restorer -' should be plowed to a depth of six,to
CHUF AS.rhi's I
I Shoenb'erger believes in the trifoliata as of worn out lands. This plant is eight inches and harrowed: down untilit

i making a hardier tree than any. other undoubtedly of the greatest value to is a valuable ground nut to is smooth. All roots and trash
stock that we have maintain a mechanical condition of! grow for hog or poultry feed.. Ground should be removed.In .

Dr. James F. McCaleb, has in his soil favorable to vegetable growth, should be prepared in the same wayas removing the' pod great care
'' eanuts'and.,. harrowed down
and also accumulate from for
to
nitrogen
young grove, near Fort Jackson, a should be exercised to prevent break-
the atmosphere. It belongs to that level ,after plowing. Plant them in,
number of trees on trifoliata plantedtwo ing the skin around the kernel.
of having the drills two feet'apart,and one foot apartin
injured family plants propertyof '
years ago. They were not The 'common varieties should be
by the freeze, and are doing assimilating air nitrogen, and thus the drill,. ,planting two or three planted three by three (feet, but with
chufas/ in each check and' three
in the soil in cover
enriches, this element,
the Spanish one and a half by three is
well.Dr. inches. These should have clean cul-
McCaleb lost 50 per cent of which it is grown without requiringa sufficient; it being best to have .rows
his trees on'sour''stocks, planted at the manurial equivalent in kind as does ture as grass or weeds greatly retard three feet apart to allow for horse, cul
Of wheat, corn and most, other staple the formation of the nuts under
trifoliata.
same time with the tivation. Seed should be covered: \
'' The claims made 'for ground. The maturity of the .crop is
800: nursery trees on trifoliata, I 'lost crops. cow three inches and two seed placed in \
about eight per cent. 'I ascribe the peas are frequently very extravagant.The indicated by the dying down of the each hill, the soil being firmed or !
condition caused plant can accumulate nitrogen tops, at.which. time the hogs can be !
,loss to their i sappy by rolled after'covering.. The crop
persistent growth during the winter, only, from sources other than the soil. turned in to harvest them. It does should be frequently cultivated to

when they should have been dormant. There is no atmospneric potash or I not pay to ,gather the nuts except for, keep down weeds and grass.;; Experiment -

This condition, 'I- think, may be at- phosphoric acid. These substances I seed purposes. has proved that level culture
of root must be supplied for cow pea culture, Chufas are considered by pork
tributed to a preponderance has produced ,the best results in the
for and raisers (in the south the most profitable -
cotton.
force the stocks, which were then more just as they are corn '
than,four years old, were cut back in Cow peas require .the mineral elements crop that can be grown for fatten crop.As soon as the nuts have maturedthe .

the beginning of June to start the ot fertilizers'.to enable them to ing. whole plant should be taken up

buds, leaving but a short growing store up nitrogen. Withouta: goodly PEANUTS and.cured and the nuts picked off by
season in ,which to balance:the tree. supply potash they cannot thrive. Considerable; inquiry has been made hand at a convenient time. Where

Of varieties, ''limes and most of the Notwithstanding its.high content of as'to cultivation'ot peanuts, especiallythe the,crop has been grown for fattening
pomelos and kumquats were killed to nitrogen it must contain quite two- Spanish variety which seems to be hogs they may he turned in and left
the stocks. In a few instances the thirds as much potash and about one- the most popular among the Gulf to harvest the crop.-H. G. Hastingsin
stocks were split open but none were third as much phosphoric acid. The State; growers. Florida Ruralist.
killed. There was also a slight loss analysis of the whole plant is as fol The culture of peanuts can, be con- m .

of tangerines. Trees that were dor-, lows: ; sidered with two objects in view, Sweet Potatoes.
mant, especially' mandarins, lost only Nitrogen . 3.6 per 'cent first the nuts, and second (for the foli The potato is largely made up of

part of their foliage, since then have Potash . 3.0 per cent starch and'sugar. To enable the plant .
I bloomed and are now carrying a fair Phos. Acid e' .' i.o per cent age.The: Spanish is a small, upright to store these largely, potash is need-

I crop of fruit. It should be borne in This means that to store one ton of growing variety, with'rather small ed in good proportion. But to enable
mind that these trees had to endure a nitrogen, the plant must''be fed with pods,all of which are formed near the the plant to use the potash it must be

temperature of about seventeen de. 1666 pounds ,of potash and 555 tap root and adhere to ,the plant when excited into a vigorous growth with a '
grees, followed} by 'a heavy, fall of pounds of phosphoric acid. These harvested. Although the nuts are due amount of nitrogen and phospho..
snow which, being moist, clung to materials cannot be obtained through smaller, they are of better quality ric acid. Plants need a balanced food

the trees, the weight breaking manyof the intervention of bacteria; they must than the common or Virginfa nut so ration just as much as animals. To
them, freezing 'every night until be present in the soil of an available generally used in commerce, and,as plants' like the sweet potato which
the final disappearance of the snow form, or be supplied in the shape of confectioners' stock for use in candies, need a large percentage of potash,

four days after its.fall. mineral fertilizers. The soil of the bring,a higher price.. This matures stable manure is not properly balanced



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FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. 311as

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the nitrogen is in excess of the
POPULAR POULTRY FARM
other food.' The farmers are right inLaying Poultry. I
..
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------------------------------------ -- ---"---
: that land made too rich with
Edited by S. S. DeLANOY, Apopka, Fla. APOPKA. FLORIDA.
.
manure will cause the potato to run to'vines '

There will be less of this ten A New Disease. '.

dency, of course, if the manure is reinforced Editor! Farmer and Fruit-Grower! : INDIAN GAMEST ,
As I am subscriber,to THE FARMER I
with phosphoric acid and a Sharps and Imported:.The best blood obtainable in the world. Can furnish Eggs from separate '
potash, but still, ,with the heavy appli- AND FRUIT GROWER, and am rais yards in one order. ** .

cation of animal manure you will havean ing chickens-I am a new beginnerI BLACK'' LANGSHANS. '
excessive vine growth. One thing take the liberty to write you to find :,
doubtless needed soil. Thisis out what is good for sore feet on chickens. An exceedingly fine pen of exhibition birds. Have added fresh blood in the shape of thelbest: I \
your could buy from the breeders of the winners at Macon, Columbia, Kansas City and Madison Square :' .
drainage. \ The sweet potato abhorsa Mine are all Plymouth Rocks. Garden, New York.BLACK :'

wet'soil, and will never do its best My chickens first have sore* feet and '" '.")

on soils' that are inclined to be wet i from that to sore heads: I have used MINORCAS. :

until it is well under drained.' Turn. salt grease on their heads'and keroseneon One yard only; headed by a shapely and beautifully plumaged male, the best we could buy ,,: '
from one of New York's Famous Breeders. Eggs limited. '
ing under a good crop of peas shouldnot their feet, but neither' helps' them.

only supply humus, but also as An answer from you will be'thankful EGGS, PER SETTING, $2.00. TWO SETTINGS, $3.SO. "

much nitrogen as the crop needs. In ly'received. F. R. Owing to'the present condition of things in Florida we prepay the express at above prices. '.
the absence of '' This is a new disease to, us, as we Eggs from the three breeds in one older if you"desire A copy of the best' Poultry paper published ; ,;'
a pea crop a compost' with each order as long as they last Have your order booked ahead and avoid delays. Why Bend .. -
made of the :rakings of a pine woods, never had any experience with or heardof to Jerusalem or Halifax for eggs when as good can be obtained in Florida at less money., /

leaves and mold piled up in the fall anything of the kind-a disease that S.. S. DeLANOY, PROP. ;:'t.,;
and mixed with lime and applied attacks !the feet and goes to the head. /. -
4ir"We guarantee,Eggs to arrive in good condition. : '
heavily broadcast all over the land Remove the'sick fowls to dry quar .

wilfbe best. When this'is' used, scat ters and place them' on straw insteadof J

ter in the, furrow, 300 pounds per perches; wash the feet and heads sticks behind in lieu of rent. My Plenty of fresh water to drink is an .

acre'of, a mixture of 960 pounds of with warm soapy water, dry, and apply uncle fell heir to them with the prop- old axiom but a good one. '

acid phosphate aud 200 pounds of mu' carbolated vaseline, or a mixture erty and they served me first class for The profit from the fertilizer of the ,

rate of potash. I prefer the: muriate lard, carbolic acid and kerosene; put my first experience in poultry raising.I hen ''house is no small item itself. -: ;:'t

I to the kainit, as you 'get' a large percentage Epsom salts in the'drinking water.If forgot to state I have a sliding door Truck gardeners are beginning to find ',,,':

I of potash without so much this is a constitutional disease, on each coop to keep varmints out at this one of the most important ingre- <

salt but'if kainit 'is' used I would mixit and all your fowls are subject to i it, night; All my coops are just the same dients of their composts. Intelligently ,.. :." ',',

'in the leaf mold compost so as to probably the best remedy would be to, and ,are admired by several who have applied to the flower garden, in the.. (

make 800 pounds instead of the 200 kill them all'and start with a new flock, seen, them. I feed the chicks grits form of liquid manure, its effects are :

pounds of the muriate. The muriate disinfecting the houses and runs. and cracked wheat' partly boiled and wonderful, and will make the sandiest ".:"

costs' about four times as much per i I S. S. D. quite dry,'with a couple of boiled eggs Florida yard "blossom like the rose." :;

ton 'as. the kainit, but you get your each day, and they seem to thrive on MRS. E. PRICE. "

actual"'potash cheaper as you do not On Poultry Keeping. it as all: are well and have begun to Formosa, Fla.FLORIDA.

have to freight all that salt. The salt, Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower., raise wing' feathers and tails in just a

willhowever, have no injurious'effects As I am a'subscriber'' to the FLORIDA week. This is about all, but I founda

if well mixed in the compost, but may FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER, I drinking cup was needed, so I useda REAL ESTATEWanted
noticed your appeal for assistance in saucer and a condensed milk can
tend release insoluble
the to soil, and thus any in time tomakethe potashin : the issue 'of April''' 6 of the same.. so they could,, not get in the saucer in Exchange'beredMASSACHUSETTS for Unencum- ,, ,: :.-t/:':,"/';: ',

soil poorer in potash. If not con- Being a resident of the' State only and get wet. I would be pleased to :

venient to use the compost this' spring, since February' 2, my experience is know, if I have done'right and if this { EOTTABE LOTS "4;";, ,

then'make: mixture as follows : very limited as to raising poultry, but will find your approval., .. : '
after being 'hereabout a week I pur- G. O. WOLCOTT.P. at $100 Each. .
Acid phosphate, 1,000 pounds; cottonseed .
chased a few White and Brown Leg- S. I forgot to state that the "
meal, 700 pounds; muriate of
horns They seem to be very good bottom of my coops is covered with
make
potash pounds to a ton.
Use 400 300 pounds of this per acre in layers but poor setters, so I pur- inch pine boards, making it very Near Station and Bathing Beach,
black hens G. O. W.
chased
some for'setting.Can't tight..
the furrow under the potatoes. The
tell you what breed as several Lake Charm, Orange Co., Fla.
same mixture used at the rate "of f halfa
people each have a: different name for : ...... --- CHAPIN FARM AGENCY,
ton to a'ton per acre will make good
them. I set five with thirteen eggs How to Succeed. 3-23-tf St. Augustine, Fla. "
Our truckers here
cabbages. never
each,.-all on March n, and imaginemy Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower.
on early'cabbage less than ton
use a surprise to find I was the pos- Raising chickens is not only a fasi-- THE IMPROVED VICTOR I I.t.
per acre of high grade fertilizer. You
can use all the manure of any kind sessor of thirty nine little chicks, nating but a very profitable occupa- k
twenty-seven white and 12 black 'or tion tor those who go into it, armed
that please on cabbages and .
you rich ought to yourland'when'made be brown ones' last Monday. Then I with the three' requisites ; industry, ".t. -, ., INCUBATOR
very .
what do with them 'and common sense: ..
was puzzled to' as perseverance self-regalatlnff
good'cabbage land. The best remedy; 1 The simplest most reliable,
tliat'I have tried for the the old hen run them most to death With poultry it is especially true Catalogue and cheapest flbtclaesflatcher
ever green and I informedI that'"eternal vigilance is the price of in the market. Circulars free
worms on cabbage is air slacked lime the first two days, was 4 cento? GEO.. TJBIj Os;CO..,,Qulnoy, Ub..
must ,keep them in a coop"until success.
and salt mixed in about equal :
proportions
I five weeks old I One'of the most important items is
about four or so }<'romtheftnesttowilln, i
and the
.
will ,destroy sprinkled on larva that plants.It it made each one a 'coop. I took four' cleanliness Without strict' attentionto EGGS defy the west competition.,at prices 42 that va- !!

every boards each inches long and five this point perfect results will never rieties,8coring90to96H. ,
"
touches.; Frequent' light applicationswill 30 Before buying:,do not fall to get our
inches wide two on each side. be attained. finely Illustrated 40 page catalogue. It :
keep them down. I have recently put contains remedies recipes and much '
leaving i/ inches, space for air and The hen houses' muU be regularly information you should have, prices, \
gotten out a bulletin on "Truckingin etc. Postpaid only 6 cents.
the South,." which will be sent to light, back end tight ; same in front cleaned, and, the roosts and nests kept Bower Jts Burr,Box$; ?Dakota IH
.
hole six inches for free from vermin. -
except a by seven
all North Carolina farmers free on .
the roof the The sitting-hens particularly must '
a door. shingled just
application ..to' the' director, of this: HATCH CHICKENS BY STEAM
house and be looked after for a hen infested
dwelling a ,
same as a put
statipjv,, Dr\\ H. B. :Battle; and to; parties WITH THE MODEL
outside' the State on receipt of ridge board on top' making it water with lice will prove as disastrous to EXCELSIOR INCUBATOR.
proof, as it stood the rain of last her flock as an 'attack of cholera. =**"" Thousands In 8uo
It is book of about .
25 cents. a seven- t. w cedsfulOperation!
night, and this morning was dry. After the young chicks are hatched, SIMPLE PERFECT and
and has lull series of ferti-
lizer ty pages, a crack The yard I, made'from old boxes, diet is the next important consider- ; .. : "", Guaranteed SELF-REQULATlivQ.tohatcha
formulas.\ ; .Swept- potatoes ation. Never the cold to far 'er percentage of
inches give slops
sizes 18 high,
when there is of in varying, 24 fertUeeggs at less cost,
an excess nitrogen Lowest .
priced than other
the soil in seasons of alternate dry long, 18 inches' deep, with canes for : begin life on-they thrive on a variety. Hatcher First class made. II I send6c.fornlua.CaWog.any *uvuuoi/vu:
that I used, Hard boiled chopped fine are Circular Fre
and wet, weather.-Home and Farm. slats. It may seem, queer eggs oE.ll.MTAltL,114toI229.6thBt.qulneyIl1.NEW .
canes for slats, but the former owner good, also hominy, oatmeal, rice, corn- .-

Tomatoes have been shipped from of this property rented the packing bread baked without salt and crumbled p1&

Key West during: the past few weeksat house used for orange packing, part dry, later on cracked grain, until AND CUIDE CATALOGUE i
of it who'made they'are l large enough to manage the Contains over 130 fine illustrations showing .
the'rate of 500 crates' per week. to a cane company a photo of the largest hennery in the
and for the whole grain. west. Gives best plans for poultry:house*,
from canes
They come principally BiscayneBay pine palmetto sure remedies and recipes for all diseases,
and the ,keys.Titusville Advo World's Fair, but did not succeed and Guard them against cold and damp and also flower valuable garden information sent for on only the 10 kitchen cent,

cate. left between two and three hundred ness. John Baujcber, I,.,P.0. Box 81 fwport' ,111.






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l i 312 THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.


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Our Rural Home.I WEATHER AND CROPS. granites reported as dead. All 1 vegetables the 7th'to loth. Some correspondentsreport

k; including cucumbers, plentiful. the tomato worm doing serious
For the Week Ending May 14. Berries in abundance. Our
great cor- Irish
I damage. potatoes about gath-
'I I Edited by MINNIE GILMORE MILLS, A most excellent crop'week. The respondent from Escambia County, ered in Lee county. Cane, corn, mel-

{, St. Thomas.. Fla. refreshing and copious rains have says : Model week for the farmer. ons and vegetables were never better.

4 given increased vitality to all vegetation All kinds of vegetation, weeds and Favorable advices from Manatee county

and staple products. Partial trees on a boom. Pear blighting continues
Vines; Uses and Abuses-III. concerning the progress of oranges."
cloudiness and conditions followed over portions of the district.
'i' [Continued From Last Week.] warm In many cases nearly an inch in diam-
by frequent rains characterizedthe Highest temperature, 84 lowest, 63
The Coral; or Fuschia flowered ; ; eter. Guavas ,showing rapid growth.

f$ honeysuckle, has not such luxuriant greater portion of the State, the mean, 75 ; normal, 73 ; average rainfall That section of the pineapple belt from
weather clear with reduced for the district inches
becoming nor-
foliage but its crimson 1.03 ; Dade county south, and likely other
pretty trumpets
the 12th and i3th. To mal of an inch.
temperature an .70 sections to the north, gives promise of
;4 lined with gold, and the delicate greenof
NORTHERN
fully appreciate the bright DISTRICT.-Slight va-
crop prospects satisfactory results.
its effective Highest temperature -
foliage are very espec- for the first decade of May it is riation from trie normal
ially when it is trained among other temperature 87; lowest, 68; mean, 77; normal,
to make conditions obtained with an of
only excess
vines or roses. Besides it is the more necessary a comparison 77; average rainfall, 1.58 inches; nor-
with the conditions during the same rain characterized the week. Light mal inches.
desirable bloomer. 1.24
being a very early period of 1894,when there was a gen- showers were frequent and well distributed -,
Mine has been a blaze of bloom (for REMARKS BY CORRESPONDENTS.
two months. eral deficiency in rainfall. over the entire district. In Palmetto, Manatee Co.-Worms

Several correspondents make espe- fact portions of Alachua county were of the
The Thunbergia vine is a favorite are taking most tomatoes. Cucumbers
cial reference to the excellent outlookfor favored with almost daily rains. Sec-
have been saved
wash
t of mine but no doubt is well known. by a
t The leaves rather in texture a large corn crop. On both high tions of Clay county received too of sal. soda and rosin boiled in water.
coarse
are and low lands the outlook is most much moisture. ,On the 9th and loth Use,
think but the profusion of flow- as a spray. Everything' grows
.. many i
well their gratifying. In many instances the heavy rainfall was general, Archer reporting with a rush-N. L. Carter.
ers as as long season, being
. tasseling period has been reached but 2.40 inches on the former
Bartow Polk Co.-Corn sweet' ,
all the round blooming if potatoes -
on ,
year any the dark color, still obtains indicative date. This downpour caused a tem- !
flower is, makes it desirable. Besidesthe green and tomatoes doing well. The
of vigor and exuberant suspension in plowing low
porary the finest for Irish
shade of.yellow is a peculiar one, corn crop years,
growth. lands, though experienced! no
very soft and velvety; there are white crops potato crop was very good.-J. P.
Madison Sea Island real damage. Continued cloudinessand
county reports
Stolham.
ones also. The Poet's Eye, the local
is not inappropriately given. cotton as being in a very satisfactorystate. showers would have proved Wildwood, Sumter Co.-Past week,
name
Pereskia AculeataBarbadoes Goose- Portions of the northern and damaging to, melons, but the has been warm and heavy rains fell-

central sections,still complain of clearing conditions prevailing duringthe
. Lemon Vine while it has pear too much for 'melons. Other crops
berry, or excellent -
blight; in some instances serious dam- latter'part of the week, if followed Great deal of
qualities and bears miniature growing nicely. complaint
ages are noted.The tomato worm seems by early warmth and sunshine, will of in H.
slender worms tomatoes.-J.
along a spray-which are
roses
to be short-lived. Sections reporting its stimulate and force rapid growth. Davis.
in the
early morn-
delightfully fragrant
henceforth of "Don't"sin ravages last week now indicate a cessation Everything growing finely. Condi Molino, Escambia Co.-This sec- .-
ing-is one my of the trouble. Over limited tion of the '
corn especially pleas.
vine planting for the dwelling- crop tion greatly benefited by fine showers.
sections of the north and west territory ing. Grass shows vigorous growthand of and .
: house. It's terrible thorns or sharp Large amounts potatoes plants
: and the western edge of the cen- oats no exception to the rule.
have been All feel
set
spines better fit it for a hedge or to out. encour-
tral district; rains have been almosttoo Cattle taking on flesh earlier than usu- No Fruit
plant against the hen-house. Few aged. blight on pears.
frequent for melons. al, due to the-fine condition of
gras- abundance.W. H. Trim
marauders would defy its branches for promises :
The tomato worm is reported this ses. Considerable damage is being
,.w the fattest.hen. true member
Being
'.:.""a a '.week in Sumter county, but its early done in some sections of the district, mer.Switzerland Si. Co. Another
of the cactus-though from its Johns -
appear
ance the uninitiated would not suspect! destruction is effected by the liberaluse particularly St. Johns county, to the good week for crops. Corn and

of a preparation given in this sprouts of \orange trees. Sproutsone
'; it perhaps--these spines are natural vegetables in abundance. An insect
,
Some bean to two feet die from effects -
are gathering long the
report.
growers
i has attacked of
: and in vain will the flower lover attempt new growth orange
the and for stock of insect. A resort is hadto
storing some
I crop In
: J to'grow the vine into more civilized trees. many instances destroysthe
and family Certain sections spraying with favorable
use. report apparently
I fast it
] condition. I once tried the de- new_ growth as as comes.

f thorning process, but when there were Irish potatoes as gathered. results. Highest temperature, 87; Sprouts from one to two feet die from -

' forty to fifty feet of strong stems to Roasting ears have been enjoyed lowest, 61; mean, 72; normal, 74; average effects. Spraying with insecticide i is
around Orlando. rainfall inches normal
1.33 ; used.-H.
dethorn and the spines a dozen being Boyer.
,
grew
Sweet have been of inch.CENTRAL .
potato slips plantedin 0.92 an Oxford Sumter Co. Rather
in a bunch, sharp and hard as needles, -. too ,
I the experiment which could large quantities. Cane, melons, DISTRICT.-Reduced percent much'rain for melons. Good for late :
gave up peaches and all vegetables promising.The of sunshine with frequent showers
but end in failure. The tender leavesof oats. Nice for all general crops.W.J. .
southern,tier of counties send flat- becoming heavy over sections from Borden.
Pereskia make an excellent salad
. tering advices concerning the progressof the 9th to the nth, were the leading Dade Pasco
and the large ones are good boiled for City, County.Sectionhas
"Spring Greens." I have several the orange groves, although reports features of the district during the continued to ship berries all the
from other are not so consol-- week. Rather too much rain fell in
quarters week. Also cukes beans
times given recipes for these dishes, potatoes, ,
[ ing. Several instances noted Sumter fore melons
but I prefer to gather them from vines are county though beets and squash. Corn doing well.
where the recent growth of sprouts at good for late oat crop and vegetationin Peach A. Delcher.
that in some out of the trees full.-Jas.
grow way
the trunks of trees has been attackedby of
place, as the veranda should be beau- general. Large shipments Tarpon Springs, Hillsborough Co.

tified with the graceful green drapery insects, resulting in the tender foliage potatoes', cucumbers, beans, beets and -Weather all that could be desired,

curling and falling to the ground. squash. Corn growing rapidly, and and all C. D.
: that has not this drawback of thorns, vegetation pushing.-
The insecticide is in four feet Out-
- prickles.I spray being liberallyused some places high. Webster.

or; even had supposed this vine dead beyond with good effect. On the whole, look for peaches flattering. Orangetrees J.-MITCHELL, Observer,

the concensus of opinion indicates an not cut back show decided improvement Weather Bureau Director.
but find a numberofsprouts
recovery, .0.
excellent week with abundant those the
cut to
crop over
coming forth from the root. About crates of beans left
5,000
of all and is seri-- ,
Pear
yields vegetables, flattering ground. blight causing
These 'are to be planted in places Reams this season. Prices go so low

where a hedge is wanted. conditions for staple products. Normal ous damage around Chipley. Some that 1,000 crates were left in the fields,

If in these papers on vines (for I temperature for State, 75 degrees; correspondents assert that the crop as they would not pay the expense of

have as yet mentioned but very few average, 75; normal rainfall, 0.95; average will be reduced one half. Rapid picking.-Florida Star.NURSERY .

1.36 inches. growth of some is
of those I am somewhat acquaintedwith grass among crops IT"
WESTERN DISTRICT. Over alarm and energetic
causing
sec- some ,
I make mistakes in nomenclature
-
) tions of this district, rain fell nearly measures are necessary to destroy it, STOCK
it would be considered a favorif
every day during the week. Precip- made doubly so by frequent rains.
botanists florists would correct
or itation was especially heavy on the Melons, orange trees corn and tomatoes Live parties wanted to handle
I have made them
as no special study
8th, 9th and loth. Some correspond. in very satisfactory condition.
and have not the time or books to do
at ents complaining of too much mois Oats ready to be cut. Sweet potatoes 300,000

so present. ture. The general tenor of promising. Highest
temperature
MINNIE G. MILLS. reports 90;

_.__._;. ._ gives evidence of promising yields. In lowest, 65 ; mean, 76 ; ,normal. 75; first-class Orange ,and Lemon -

some sections corn is said to be late, average rainfall, 1.41 inches; normal, Trees.

,Here are some facts in regard to though its growth is entirely satisfac 0.80 of an inch.SOUTHERN i Address at once

baths : A daily bath is necessary to tory. Good stands'of cotton. Pota- DISTRICT.Temperature I ,

health and beauty. 'A hot tub bath toes looking well ; melons doing fine. was nearly''normal, with an excess of BOSTON & SOUTH RIVERSIDE FRUIT CO.,

should be taken only before bedtime. ly. Peach trees heavily laden with rain. Showers were frequent throughout BOX 2522,

Salt baths are soothing and cleansing. fruit. No figs. Oranges and pome- the week, becoming heavy from BOSTON, MASS.r'o .

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FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. 313
.
"
-
Remedy for the Melon Plant Lou e. barrel of
per about 275 lbs. f. o. b.
Costs LESS than "Cheap" Paint S P. White Lead.
-The most serious disease with which Crystalline sal soda (it is importantto or ,
Write for Book on Painting and Color Card FREE. If
the melon growers of Florida have to use crystalline) has been quoted to PAINT I not on sale* *in your town we will quote price delivered,

contepd is that produced by the plant me by the barrel at 95 cents per 100 F.freight HAMMAR prepaid PAINT,and send CO.written SPRUCE guarantee ST., ST.for LOUIS.five years.MO.EVAPORATE ;
louse (Aphis gossypii). This is a little Ibs. This can be obtained from Geo.B. .

dark green bug about one-sixteenth of Forrester, 169 Front street, New

an inch long, which infests the lower York. Both resin and sal soda for

surfaces of the melon leaves, variously this purpose, I am told, can be ship- YOUR FRUIT

curling and contorting them, and frequently ped under fertilizer rates.

seriously reducing the vitalityand The resin soap, when diluted ready

productiveness of the plants. The for application, forms a dirty brownish j

pest sometimes runs through an entire white mixture. It should be applied I jI

patch, and if unchecked will almost totally to the plants as a fine spray. The AT HOWE .1/1/

it. It is the mel handiest for ..,
destroy not only apparatus making the application .. \. "
on growers of Florida that suffer from is a knapsack spray pump "'-...!.. ." (' .

this pest,.but also those of South Caro- With a vermorel nozzle. The spray WITH THE'' :'\" :1:.

lina, Georgia and all Southern States. i should not be. thrown down on to the i Ig4 IVi tlllllll hl '41auu,NpIIwuM, d. .
The'same louse attacks also the cotton plants, as this will not hit the pests. NNNNi MII 4 uaga'I'tllpra' I
+
,.plant, the young tender growth of The nozzle must be turned to one ilk IIIINIHUIItlI alnr,..nlpusNoPU arNq, II S, Cook tJ Stove Drier P

the orange,and some other plants.! The side, giving the spray a horizontal INI ''IIIIIIIII IIIIIIN "''iu ,,.

remedy given here for the melon plant direction. The spray rod can then be p u m! N I e.4riL ,ui11, III j jI

,lodse ,will answer equally well for the placed against or near'' the plant and I H I IIII'I' ai Q.,.. III III.i

treatment of the same louse on these the force of the spray in a horizontal
other plants.I direction turns the leaves and saturatt COOKS .i Hundreds of Dollars Worth

have made a number of experiments the lower surfaces where the little ; d nrrc tY ", of FrUit Call be Saved

in' treating this pest at Eustis, pests are located. The plant louse to :

Grand Island, Gainesville and Ocala, to be killed, must be thoroughly 4 :Ti with this Machine

and -have found' a resin soap spray, wetted. ;kxsImmluul

made from resin and 'sal soda, to be All truck gardeners should be sup l,a llu I I oIIIIIIhNIIN I IN IM, Eneru Year. ,

very: effective in combatting it. Thisis plied with a knapsack spray pump, ;:ii''II I lH ''Ij Il II I l I I -

-very cheap, easily made, handy and and it would be well to keep the ma- !1H III I f i fN
effective; and if one is unfortunate in terials on hand for preparing this 1 lihnnnm o II !j r rI -
I! I iI iIL. '
being botheredwith the melon louse spray, as it is also a good remedy for f! 1 To meet the demand for a Small Cheap,
of the the red and certain in- ._ I'i /
they cannot longer complain spider scale $
!fir--- I! Drier suitable for use on any rdinary Cook,
or lack of sects. H. WEBBER: h
: remedy, a remedy. J. Oil or Gasoline Stove we 'now. offer the

I' I .' "The' resin' soap is prepared as fol- Sub-Tropical Laboratory.How's ., tlll I j 'it ,'' I above It is very Simple,Economical, Efficient .
. lows: ,1
FORMULA. This 1 ''I I and Convenient, and for Farmers1',Use

ay ,.. Just What is Wanted, and we believe Them
p. We offer One Hudred Dollars Rewardfor p
Resin .' . 8 lbs any case of Catarrh that cannot be Cheapest and'Best little Dryer of its class on i'

, Sal soda (crystalline! ) . '. 4 lbs cured by Hall's Catarrh Cure.F. the Market. t

> ,c. .Water_ to make . 5 gals J. CHENEY & CO.,

'#Place* '.,the resin and* sal soda in a We the :Props.have, Toledo known, F.J.0. ..
undersigned,
;
comparatively large kettle with one Cheney for the last 15 years, and believe $8.5O IN VALUE FOR '$BROO

quart of water. Boil, meanwhile stir- him perfectly honorable in all business ,
ring briskly till the resin and sal soda transactions and financially able to carry
out any obligation made by their firm. Through a special arrangement we are enabled to offer the Ul:'S. COOK STOVE DRIER the
melted and
together
are thoroughly WEST & TKUAX, regular price of which is $7, for only $6, together wtih a YEAR'S SUBSCRIPTION TO.THE
form frothy mixture without lumps. Wholesale Druggists, Toledo 0. AttMEU! ; AND FRUIT GROWER, regular price $z.oo.
Now add four gallons of cold water, WALDING KINNAN & MARVIN To any one sending a Club of 6 Yearly Subscribers to the FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER at
$2 each, or 4 Subscribers and $2 in Money, we will send one of the,Driers! Free...
pouring it in rather slowly with short Wholesale Druggists, Toledo, O. Subscribers!' in a club who wish to take advantage of any book premiums or others offered to
between avoid Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken internally, subscribers count the same as those taking$ the FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER only.
intervals to chillingthe acting directly the blood and mu- Mr. Thomas Millen of Glen St*. Mary, Fla, has used this Drier and writes : "It does good work
mixture too suddenly. When all upon for the cost of it."
cous surfaces of the system., Price 75c.
the water is::added, bring to a boil, per bottle. Sold by all Druggists. Testi-
This Drier has eight Galvanized Wire Cloth IT IS. THE GREATEST LITTLE BREAD
the hot solution monials free.ORANGE.
out straining
pour Trays containing 12 !square feet of'tray surface.WINNER ON THE MARKET.
through a coarse cloth, and add sufficient The dimensions, base 22x16 inches, height 26 Its capacity is ample for Domestic use, being
inches Sent by freight at receivers expense. greater than some machines which sell for Fifteen
water to make five gallons of GROWERS, Weight crated, about 27 pounds. Twenty dollars, It is alwavs ready for
the solution. This if correctly made immediate use. The working of the machine
It is readv for and will last life
always use a on sundry fruits, berries, etc., tat'sfies' us that it
forms a thick syrupy solution of a ATTENTION time. Has been thoroughly tested and approved, will happily fill a want our correspondents have l
and will more than please As a great
you. urged upon us to supply.
translucent color which
dark brown
Economizer and Moneymaker for Rural people
may be preserved as a stock prepara- it is without a rival. TO TIlE?/ LADIES of the Household in Town or I IWith
Country. It is a little Gold
I able to with and Lemon
am supply you Orange
it you can at odd times summer or win Mine Thousands of careful prudent household
bud wood of standard varieties, such as
tion.For ter, evaporate enough wasting fruit etc., for
managers, who have no time nor necessity to
\ use, dilute the whole formulato HART'S TARDIFF, family use. and enough to sell or exchange for engage in evaporating fruit for market as a business -
gallons or in the proportionof MAJORCA, all or the greater part.of your groceries, and in but who have frequent use for just such an
fifty
It UR I'. fact household expenses. No labor on the farm article as this for making smaller quantities of
one part of the stock solution to JTAVJi'A.SANFORD'S y will pay better or as well as that of converting dried fruit, berries, and vegetables for their own
MEDITERRANEAN, your:wasting fruits into evaporated stock. The u-e or for ale, will find it the most satisfactory
nine parts water, Always thoroughlystir MALT4 JtZOOD. berries, pears, plums, etc., if evaporated will sell and profitable investment they could make A
the stock solution before measur- MED., SWEET, or exchange pound for pound for butter, granulated lady can easily lift it on and "fi the stove,' as itweighs
ST. MICHAEL, '. sugar or most groceries, while evaporated but about Twenty Pounds. It has inter-
ing out to'dilute. DANCY TANGERINE, guavas, sweet rorn- or peaches bring good prices changable galvanized wire cloth trays which
The cost of this wash based on prices CHINA MANDARIN, Etc., If you have only a few trees in your yard or will not rust or discolor the fruit, etc., and will
town lot, one of the U S. Cook Stove Driers will last for years, It is made of iron, except tray
quoted by Jacksonville and New At the following prices; enable you at odd hours to evaporate enough frames and supports Can be used for broiling
York firms, is only about one sixth of 1000, $5 00; 3000 $12.00; 6000 $20.00. fruit for fir family the,greater use and part e ough of your to groceries.sell or exchange beef this purpose.steak fish, etc., using but the lower tray for

a cent per gallon as diluted. The CASH WITH ORDER.In .

mixing of the formula for five gallonsof same Lemons.prices.Buds Lisbon, Villa Franca, Eureka, at Address all orders

the stock solutions according to the delivered without further cost to you and toFARMER
guaranteed to arrive in fine order. Orders $ FRUIT GROWER
directions given above usually,requires Booked now for June delivery. Address, ,

about twenty-five minutes. Much C. S. BURGESS, JQO12aOnviYle: : : F'1orJ.d

time can be saved by mixing a larger Riverside Riverside Nurseries, Cal., .

quantity at once. Reference.-Orange Growers' Bank Riverside, 'pXTTeJ3UEt.GrPENNSYx..V: : .A.N.A...
The materials for preparing this Cal Florid reference i-iven wanted. '

wash can usually be obtained in smail;l ESTABLISHED
Somers Brother: & Co.
quantities in any town, but retail WOVEN WIRE FENCE 1876.

prices are far too high if the spray is high.. bull 1I1

to be extensively used. Resin may .Make 13 too It chicken ourself Ao fo: Merchants.Refer Fruits and Produce.Commission .
be obtained from Pitt Bros., Clarkson
50 styles. A man and poy cannmte to Banks Mercantile Agencies and the business community of Western Pennsylvania.
.
& Hyde or Wilson & Toomer, of 4KITSELMAN to 6O rods a day.
BROS.. Rldgevllle,end Market Reports, special references to regular shippers, shipping stencils, stampsetc.fur
Jacksonville, at from $1.25 to $I.50 nished free application.( INQUIRIES AND CORRESPONDENCE INVITED.




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'-4' 314 THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. .

,. .

Florida Farmer and Fruit Grower. A Turn In the Tide. ought to shame into, silence the cow- earnest in the matter I send you five

Since-the February-freeze THE FAR- ardly and incomprehensible pessimism ($5.00)) dollars to be paid to the "Flor-
ida Agricultural S cietY'1 (if should'
TERMS_ OF'SUBSCRIPTION MER AND FRUIT .GROWER has sawed of the Florida Agriculturist and materialize for, its and benefit 'If:
Par One'Year :..............................82.00 ) use
Par Six Months...... .,.......;....... t.oo wood. We have diligently sought out other journal or who will fifty others will do likewise, the forma
In Foreign, Countries .....;.................3.00 any person tion and success of the'future organization .
"Subs riptions in all cases cash in and published every item of informa- stand up and say that.it,will be twenty- is assured .. .

advanbe.own subscription' No discount(except allowed in'a club on), but one's to tion that we believed would be, of as-, five years before the Florida orange Let us hear from. others interested'afree ..

all agents a liberal cash commission will sistance to our readers in earning their crop will exceed that of last season. expression of viewsl. .
he allowed on all subscriptions obtainedby A. T. CUZNER, M. 'D.',
them. Write for terms. bread or in making money. We have ..... Ferndale Farm, Gilmore FJa ,. .
To every new subscriber we will send, Mr. Adams Criticized A State We have received Dr. CuznerJs
postpaid, a of Whitner's "Gardening been chary of giving opinions or esti--
copy ,
check for the
in Florida." For two new sub- Agricultural Society Proposed. $5.00, made payable to
scribers, at $2.00 each, we will send, mates because this seemed unsafe. Editor Farmer and'Fruit-Grower: : "State Agricultural ,Society," and hold

postpaid, a copy of Moore's "Orange Among, other items of informationwe Owing to professional engagementsI it for this purpose. It is hardly necessary -*
Culture." was enable to attend the meetings of to say that we approve this ob.
a Rates of advertising on application. published two or three brief articleson
the Horticultural Society this year. I ject heartily; we believe that if the
Remittances should be made by check,
postal note. money order or registered the system of sprig-budding or am glad now I was not present, as I,' proposed .Agricultural Society' could
letter to order of doubtless, would have been tempted to be organized and maintained it wouldbe
FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER. bark grafting as a method restoring say something that had better remained of great benefit to-Florida. '- -.

Jacksonville, Fla. orange trees rapidly ,to a bearing con- unsaid.As As to the charges against President'

far as I learn from public reportsof Adams, we. consider him abundantlyable
dition. This .system was rejected by
its proceedings, and hearsay evidence to take care of himself, and -our
NOTICE most of our readers as impracticableand it was a onesided affair from the columns are open to him for this p r-

If receive 'a of this as. fit only for amateur experi commencement to the ending. Orange pose. v r
you' copy culture from the beginning and orange As to the absence.ofdiscussions: and
which did not order
paper you ; mentation. interest all the way through. Other essays on.:non-citrus fruits and, other
consider it invitation sub-
an to We offered: this bit'of informationin fruits met with but scant consideration, horticultural products, .we ;hold the
scribe. If''yo'u 'do not want it
if at all. guiltless.They'-were
any orange growers
faith and with sincere beliefin
kindly hand it to a neighbor. good a
This was a disappointment to many there to speak for their specialty;' why
its usefulness in the hands of prac- who desired,to hear'more about other were not the growers. of deciduous

CONTENTS. tical men. Our position has now fruits. fruits there to speak'for theirs ? Why.

I was especially disappointed with was not our respected correspondent, ,

State News..........................:.......! 306 been approved and sustained and it is our worthy president's address.To Dr. Cuzner there? Why: were not
Florida's Orange Groves!; Not Crawfishingon quite possible that the covert sneers think of a gentleman of his rec- the members the committeesappointed -
Oranges..... .... ...... 307 ognized great Abilities, continental to look after these various
Pear might Prevail ng Again; layering the i directed against this system may, in
reputation and influence in all that relates interests present to report? Committee -.
Camphor; Sorrento. Florida...... ..... 308 :
A New Grange Pest ; Transplanting Trees; I the near future, turn back against to agricultural matters in this after committee was called and

The Tr,foliata............. ........... ....307 those who made them. The successof State, giving as samples of its agricul- nobody reported. Other committeeswere .
Cowpeas; Chufas and,Peanuts; Sweet Potatoes tural resources the cases of "Silvers' represented but made_ no .substantial i,
........................................ 310 the budding done at Tangerine and Pig" and Masters' Corn." response. '

....'.. POULTRY'; HowtoSuccefid New Disease. d .;.On.j.. ,Poultry,...?......KeepIng .....-. 311; -Interlachen has backed up THE FARMER -, If will be especially discouraging to Every''conceiva l horticultual ,''in.,
those North of Florida d"
I- OXTR. RURAL HOM -'Vines, Their Uses and agriculturists who are terest Was represent on
,
:,}: Abuses. No.. 3 ....'........... .... .... .. 312 AND FRUIT GROWER by impreg- looking to Florida as their hope of redemption the program by a committee of threeor '
Weather and Crops.-.... 312 nable proofs from present distress., In more gentlemen whom the'presi::
R.medyKor The Melon Plant Louse; ......... 3t3'. view of the fact (which President dent had appointed from thosesupposed -
I A Turn In The Tide A State AgriculturalSociety But disposed to exult selfishly
; : we are -
Adams must have known), that Flor- to be most familiar with, the
Proposed; Appeal to The Legislature -
i'I..: ...............-........................314 over this vindication of the journalfar ida's output .of corn is financially several interests. But the most of

t][ ..... .',............'....... 315 less than we are to rejoice sincerely greater than its output' of oranges these were conspicuous by their' ab-:.
Orange Industry Florida. ... .... 316 (and it is not considered grain State), sence. "
f Varieties Oranges,No. 2...... ........317 in the benefit accomplished for it would seem that, in order to en It is the same way with the matter!
B" Orig n of The Navel Orange For The Pub
;
and stimulateorange in THE FARMER FRUIT
", lie Good... ..... ................. '....... .313 Florida. We are glad exceedingly at courage orange growers published AND
culture he thought it best GROWER. We are always glad'to'
to {
_ .
the revealed of
prospect resuscitatinga depreciate and contrast agriculturewith publish an article oh some noncitrusfruit :

< Weather in ,Jacksonville. year sooner perhaps years sooner, it, and required "Silvers' Pig" but this kind of'matter":is simplynot

and, :Masters' Corn" in order to do forthcoming. The citr'us'men
,
,V; I .
", 1. the industry which the -
S.S. III.= yields imperial '
p -- have'something to 'the deciduousfruit
I; DA TB. ai d. .- I H so. effectively.I : say ;
:: :g of Florida the think Editor that President want'' to
<, 00 .)() so product orange. Mr. men seem to .somebody, .
--- - '
,,. May 7.....; ..,,,68 72 81 67 14 74 .01 The recent meeting of the Horti, Adams' address will result in a greater say something to them. '. .
May r ........72 71. 85 66 19 76 .0 loss to Florida than her .
May 9 .........74 74 85 66 19 76 ..11"Mayto orange crop
..... ... 75 74 84 71 '3 ,8 .18 cultural Society and the utterancesof A Legislative Act to' Promote
May II .........71 78. 85 64 21 74 ..215I was.Do think Horticultural Interests. -
not from what I have
'j I May 12 ...... 71 68 76 67 971. T half a dozen men, though made
May 13 ........ ...61 66 76 55 21 66 .0 written that I am .opposed to, or depreciate Citizens of Eustis'and Lake County:,
- with the modesty of true science
J Mean .... 70 84 ,82 65 17 74 r. 57 were orange culture. As many of you are ro1ablyaware
million dollars the late freeze I have l lost the introduced beiofe
!Total rainfall. worth a to this com- By a bill :has been the

; A. J. MITCHELL, Observer. monwealth. That little episode of labor of six years ((6)) in trying to establish legislature (House bill No. 6oentifled)

", an orange grove, will try "An Act to Promote Horticultural In.
Dudley W. Adams rising before day- another six in hopes of ultimate suc; terests in the State,of t,Florida," whichis

The revenue from the extra 'vegetables the morning of the cess. '- intended to provide means for preventing
light on February
f? f' will not .nearly equal that of Now, sir, in view; of the fact that the the introduction and spread of:
t an orange crop, but they will save freeze to look at his thermometer, agricultural interests of :Florida are injurious plant diseases. This should

r: some grocery bills: and a second crop and starting before sunrise to tele- twice as important as its horticultural, greatly interest every fruit and vegetable
:. can be grown and sold before the
} and that many thousands of Northern grower and every citize'of
I oranges would have been ready. graph to California for bud-wood, was agriculturists 'are looking to it as their Florida, as much of the future prosperity -
.
i' to the orange industry what Sheridan'sride future home, I suggest that now is a of the State unquestionably 'de:

f One of our subscribers in trans- .the Shenandoah Valley was good time to organize a State Agricul- pends upon the passage of 'this '' or' a
mitting some insects which are prey- up tural Society. Its object being to pro: similar'bill.There .

S ing on the young; orange growth, ends ,to the war for the Union. The splen- mote, and foster the agricultural interests are many' very serious diseases

his letter' with the words : "War, pestilence did courage of the grand old rugged of this State. I, have no doubt that affect plants cultivated in
r ,and famine !I" The .situation the transportation companies would Florida which fortunately have not'yef
r' is not quite so bad as,that. These leafhoppers granger-as full of sophistries and sarcasms co-operate with it in what should be been introduced into the State. Many-

make bad work with a few : as ,an egg is of meatshouldcome oue of its objects ; viz, the settlementof trees and scions are now being introduced

tender sprouts, but we do not anticipate the State by agriculturists.The from California. Among these,
the
like to mindsof
J that they 'will remain long or an inspiration time and circumstances being the cottony cushion scale, the black

f amount to much. despondent orange growers, It favorable for such a movement, as an scale, or the California red scale are4
.

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'; THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. 315 : r :

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Ii i liable to be introduced. The intro New York Market. THZ '

': duction of any one of these pests of Potatoes. .

! the orange would prove a serious calamity Imports for the week: Bermuda 4013 FIRST NATIONAL BANK OF FLORIDA "

to the State.A bbls.Next '
week's Bermuda steamer cable< ,
single peach tree or bud from to have 1,700 bbls. J'ACI SOv'II4LE: .

northern Georgia or Maryland, i i if Bermuda weakened to 5.00 and 5.50 for .l
brought into this State 'infected wit? best stock early in the week and prim The Oldest National Bank in the State. 7.1. "

yellows or rosette, might introduce Florida have sold at 4.50 to 6.50 ; but This Bank after twenty years of successful! business has just undergone a rigid special examination !- .'I t :
many of the Southern have been more or by the United States Comptrollers Department,and has had its charter extended for an -;
I these dread diseases.A other period of twenty years
stalk of ten inches oran less pricked and in poor order and sucl conservative, yet liberal methods this bank has achieved the highest reputation for solidity, "j.j.By
sugar cane weak and uncertain in value. A few New strength and ability to meet all legs ioImate] demands.We .
inch long, from Java or certain of Orleans have arrived but poor and selling invite a visit! or correspondence looking toward business relations, assuring you that your ,:.
the West India Islands, might introduce at 3.00 to 4.00 per bbl. Sweet potatoes i in favors shall at all times receive intelligent and careful attention. I ;,\\J

the fatal "sereh" which where light supply but poor and weak at t1.o< JAMES, M. SCHUMACHER, R. C. COOLEY ; ,.".y;
'
introduced is death to this in lower figures quoted: President. Cashier.
ever .
Florida prime bbl. 3.50 to 6.50 seconds
per ; Safe Deposit Boxes For Rent. : .
:
.
dustry. per bbl., 2.50 to 3.50; New Or eat i !

lit, behooves us thus as intelligenl 3.00 to 4.00 ; Bermuda prime, per bbl. "

people to take time by the forelock 4.50 to 5.50; No. 2 per: bbl. 3.00 to 4.00 DAVIDSON: & co.,

and use such measures as' we can tc Vegetables.

prevent the introduction of these and Receipts of Southern vegetables for the COMMISSION MERCHANTS. : )

week,,include the following: Penn. Railroad .
serious diseases. R
other,
for 17,705 crates beans, 8,867 peas, HEADQUARTERS FOR FLORIDA FRUITS. J
i The bill also provides measures :
4,417 cabbage, 1,951 cucumbers, 2,073 asparagus -
I preventing the spread of diseases al. and 455 various ; Old Dominion ORANGES, LEMONS, PINEAPPLES! EARLYjVEGETABLES; OF ALL KINDS :

I ready introduced, so far as this is pbs line 375 bbls kale and spinach,'4,800 pkgs i No. 20 West Front Street, Cincinnati, Ohio. ,

: possible. At Eustis we are yet free radishes, 1,325 bxs asparagus and 1,85( ,

from ,the white fly)' and pkgs lettuce, 1,150 cabbage and 1,10(
mealy wing ( peas ; Savannah line 27,000 pkgs. CAIIF o:] NIA )
the red scale. These serious pests are Imports for the week Bermuda 32,93(

all,around,us, and we are liable to have crates onions, and 427 crates other vege ORANGE AND LEMON TREES

them appear at any day. Suppose tables. Liverpool 696 bags Egyptian :

in Mr. Unpatriotic's's; onions. Havana 344 pkgs vegetables. .
they spring up,
Nassau 119 crates tomatoes. AT LESS THAN OUR OLD PRICES FOR
grove, who will not treat the malady; Next week's two Bermuda steamer

This will serve as a center of infectionfor cabled to have about 43,000 crates
are E'LOR.II>.A. GrRO STOCK: :. ;.
: the entire region, and'you, neighbors onions.
of Mr. Unpatriotic, will be pow Cabbage has commenced to arrive< Choice 2 year old Buds on 4 year old Sweet Roots. Homosassa and JafFa Orange and Lisbon \
from North and South Carolina, Lemons at 50 cents each
erless unless backed by some, such freely Strong one year old Tangerine Malta and Ruby Blood Tardiff and Mediterranean Sweets and
and considerable Norfolk has appeared Satsumas 0.13 ytarold Sour roots at 40 cents each. Villa Franca,Lisbon and Eureka Lemon same
law as this.I Demand has been good but prices have price. I have satr pies in my yard and,they are :
write this, to urge the people of( weakened under the increased offerings j

Eustis and Lake county to impress Most of the Norfolk is not sufficiently' STRICTLY. FIRST CLASS AND WELL GROWN.

upon their Senators and Representatives headed, being scarcely more than leaves .
Tallahassee letters and such has to sell extremely low. Send me your orders at once so as to get trees in time for the coming rainy season. 25 per cent
at by personal ; Cucumbers, a few fancy Charlestoi in advance, balance on receipt of trees .
.
or petitions, the ,necessity for having have brought .very extreme prices am C. A. .$0 OIL. Agt; :., ,

such a law. Write, and write imme market is rated study for desirable quality ]- .. Orlando. F1a..... ,'.

diately. 'VeIY truly yours, but average- Florida, are not worth I',

H. J. 'WEBBER, over 1.5Q to,200; seldom 2.5Q'percratt;; THE TROPICAL TRUNK 'LINE, Bradley Redfleld. Eugene B. Rcdflcld.ESTABLISHED :f
and New'Orleans; have.been in lar e.sup iJACKSONVILLE
in Eustis
;
Sub-Tropical Laboratory. ply and' offering .at boo per .dozen,. am 1871., :
Lake Region. low r. J' FLORIDA.FLORIDA
Squash-The market'has been glutted REDFIELD& SON, .

with: Florida 'F< nash, '.and' -while': a ->few '

Markets. small lots have"worked' put.a trifle "ovei Commission Merchants

freight charges, bulk of the stock has

JACKSONVILLE,, FLA., May 17._ been Fold by the steamship;'company,JIr AND' .
\ would 'bring; receivers refusingto LANDSORANGES
what it ,, .
FRUITS. AND PRODUCE.. it. "
: accept .. Fruit Auctioneers -
Corrected by Marx Bros. Srting Beans-The receipts fronrFlorida ,
These are average quotations. Extra choice .
of
excessive and bulk
lots fetch prices above top quotations, while pool have been very "
lots sell lower.. the stock heated and poor arid,,unsalable. 141 DocJe Street, Philadelphia, Pa..

.....,. reasonable figure, receivers turning .
Messina 2005. 32 at ; Vegetables
Oranges any We handle all kinds of Fruits and ,
....... .....
bu.r. i.tc
Pas into steamship com 'J
English
Clay, bu....... ..... .....,.. 1.25 large quantities RESORTS either at private sale (which has heretofore been
Cowpeas. Whippoorwill....:..:..... 1.50 pany's/ hands to he sold( J by them toward our custom) or by the auction system (recently
Red Kipper............. .... i.u Freight.charges but a. few have beenvo;' added to our business) as you may desire.
..-. .. .. .......
Black Eye.. .. 2.00 have sold to 75 to DOe,
Cocoanuts" .. ,;...... ............. 3.50 fair quality'and up 'INVESTMENTS
Peanuts, best.brand..... ............03 J to.04 )md 1 in instances higher.f9r fancy wax.. -
Potatoes, bbl. Burbanks. ....'!'"...... 2.50; The first important arrivals.of.Savannalleans !
41 sack. ...... .... ....... .... '240 i 1 Friday and market opened QUICKWORK
new, bbl. .... .. .. Sic carne DEVELOPMENTS ,
Onions, Egyptian 2 bu. sack,. .. .... 2.50 it 1.25 to 1,50 a few of-'the best 1.75 pct rcrate.
.. ...... In selling and paying for Fruits and Veretahles
Eggs/ ,... .13 ; .' shipped to us is lIur motti. WE
.-.VEGETABLES AND POULTRY Tomatoes:=-Fanoy( 'are scarce and want GIVE GOODS SENT UBY GROWFRs
'Corrected Davis & Robinson d and occasionally i bringing a premium ATTRACTIONSADDRESS IlIR T PLACE BECAUSE WE NEVER
Yellow Yams bush. ......... .. .... .60 to .75 t? ; BUY'oURSEL VE8. They are protected .
Sweet PotatoesHubbard .... ....i.; ........ .75 but most offerings are slow sale in range by our 40 years! experience without defaulting *
squash.bbl.! none. .... ...... 3 oa 3f prices quoted. A dollar. Enquire as to our standingand
Lettuce,doz., plentiful at.........;;..; .14 Beets :Florida, per crate, 1.50 to 2.00;; financial stability which any bank or >'
Celery none, ........_......... .. .. .60 5.00 Charleston G. D. ERI./5l", merchants l having mercantile reports can
Egg Plants, bbl .................. .. ..3.00 per 100 bunches, 4.00 to ; veiify-then try us-WH BELIF.VE OUR
Tomatoes, crates ... .. ....-.....-,.....2.0010250 per 100 1.bunches> 4.00 to (tOO; Cabbage,, Gen Paegseatt>> er Agt. METHOD WILL SATISFY YOU. Send
Sweet Pepper, bu. none.. ... ........,. 3.00 ?la., :per bbl-crate, 2.25 to 3.00; Charleston your name for. our quotations. Stencil' and
Okra, bu, noue.i ............. 300.North Carolina cards fr e. Letters piomptly answered
Green Beans, no demand ..... ...:... per bbl-crate, 2.50.to ;
'Peas, poor demand..... .... 50 to.75: per bbl-crate, 2.25 to 2.75; Norfolk,
Turnips bunch ....................... ..03tO.04I hbl. 100 to 2.25; Cucumbers, Charleston ( -, FRENCH & CO., I
{Cucumbers, crate...................... .50 to .75 per 4.00 Florida EXCELSIOR .
: Pumpkins, each............. .... ..... 0510!; .15 per crate, 2.00 to ; per STAHL'S : 116 Warren St., New York
I Kershaws, each..;; ...... ......... ..10 to .15 crate; 1.00 to 2.50/ ; Squash, Fla., white pi-i 911",91" Outfits'
I Parsley, per d yz. bunches ............ .20 crate; 20 to 40c: Florida, yellow per ,. i Spraying kill insects pre- ESTABLISHED 1855.
....... ,
,
Carrots Fla., per doz. bunches .2010.25 bean Savannah, "'' leaf blightvormy
crate; 25 to 50c; String vent
doz. bunches......' .15 to ,2c 1
onions
Green hot bushel per none............. 1.50 to 2.00 per crate 1.25 to 1.75; Florida, wax, pet and \ heavy fruit. :
Sage Pepper well cured Ib..................... .IotO. 15 crate; 500 to 1.00; Florida, green per _T ttt yl';' Insure' yield a of all: .
Lima Beans, shelled,qt, none ........ 75c Tomatoes, Florida, per 1 ITt SETA* null and: LirIT TREES.: .
|! 25 to ,
Hens: ....... .................roo" ..... .30to .3; crate, ; 4 vegetable! I :L ,
Roosters..........-................... .25 carrier; 2.00 to 3.00; Key West, per carrier crops. \"
Broilers. .............. ................ .25 to .30, 1.50 to 2.50; Key West, per bush Thousands! FOR t
.........;... .12 to .14 -
Turkeys, per pound,gross to'2.00. in use ,
Ducks...... ..... .......,.. ........... ,30t0 .40 el;l crate, ].00 -,-' -. Send 6 cts. SOUTHERN ORCHARDS. :
{i.Geese. poor demand .... .............. for catal'g! ?<
New Beets, per 100. ............... .....11 .25 to .50 AND FRUIT GROWEI .;,;eff 1 and full ?('s& I
WaterCress, per doz...... .......... .25; FLORIDA FARMER numbers missing); 189 =1 i" '" treatise J Write for Catalogue and price list. \
Cauliflower doz....... ........... .... 2.50t0300 $2 oo; 18qo ((6 Moores Handboolof n _4 spraying "' *i '
New Potatoes,bbl. .................... 2.00 to 3 oc (numbers missing)$i cents 50 each Cole's New Agriculture ,'; i ,Circulars free.Address, JENNINGS' NURSERY CO., .
Florida Cabbage, each....... ...... .... .8 to i;: Orange' Cu'ture, 75 ; for honey ? ? QUINC'Y, JLL. ,
Strawberries, qt...... ..., ".... .... .08 to .11(< 7< cents post paid. or exchange Park b ViLLIAM 8TAI1L, Ga.
Thomson, Spring Thomaivllle,
Asparagus Fla. per 100.......,....... .15 to 2< make other offers. T C. it .
Blackberries, qt,..'.,.... ,....,... .04 to ,.01 Florida.
,


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316' THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.
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Orange Industry of Florida.. nando and Citrus counties, also being section, latitude 28 degrees 30 min-

,- Editor Farmer and 1'i ait-orower: engaged in the growing of both citrus utes, and a width of seventy-five miles
; As much has been written in regard and other semi-troliical trees and across the peninsula, will replace their .,
and much of
to the orange industry, shrubs, I have had good facilities for tops in good bearing condition from
it which is vague and local in its nature -
observation.From two to three years, or seventy-five per
it may be well to give a few ideasof knowledge thus obtained, I cent of them ; and in from three to

its present and prospective status. would state that north of Fort Myers, four years Florida will produce as .
lu the first freeze of the 28th of De- : (L1 N Ei :
latitude 26 30 there are but very few many oranges as she ever has.
cember, we had the one of 1886 duplicated trees of the citrus family that have not The outlook now is much better (for

I only a little more severe and been denuded of their leaves, and those those who have groves that will re

I general in its nature! after which we few are in some very sheltered place. cove, rapidly,than it has been in years

'j 1 / had warm days with showers, causingthe All budded trees under seven years are past with somewhat of an over production -

I trees to put on new foliage; and generally killed to the ground or below and the demand for the sweet Shortest, Quickest, Most AttractiveR.OUTE
had been fertilized iI i-
of the
as many groves
I the bud. Florida orange will be equal to the
it having been the custom of late On the sweet seedlings of which the supply for many years to come. :

years to fertilize in November and largest groves mostly consist the limbs The arboriculturist must however BETWEEN
i December, when this was the case Bud- failures infre- FLORIDA POINTS AND THE NORTH
were ki:led mostly to the trunk. remember that are not
: f trees suffered more than those not so THE;
ded trees over eight years old, some quent as well as with the horticulturist,
I treated.If few will sprout above the bud. This and that the gentle zephyrs that ,are Florida Central and PeninsularNew
the second freeze
we had not had class and large sweet seedlings will re i frequently wafted down from the NEW
THROUGH
have been about ROUTES.New .
; loss l would one
our cover and produce a crop in 1896-7. north and.northwest are not all to his New York to Jacksonville by
budded
I half a crop of oranges, and liking. While great, hardships may Florida Pennsylvania R. K.-to Washington -
trees one to three years old, killed RECUPERATION and .' l' Southern Railway to
The has come to individuals, great personal Northern Columbia, Florida Central &:
back. orange tree great recuper- follow and ultimate advan- Air Line.Cincinnati Peninsular to all principal
Then after five weeks of recupera-: ative qualities and will stand more gain may J points in Florida.

tion new leaves having formed and in abuse than almost any tree ; the roots tage to the masses. Cincinnati to Jacksonville by
SHUBAEL L. KEITH. Queen & Crescent to Chatta-
cases showing blossom buds, the fill the ground for a considerable distance and I iiooga. Southern R'y to Ever-
i: many Ocoee, Orange Co Fla., May i, 1895 Florida}ette, Florida Central &: Penin-
second freeze came, which was unpre making a perfect network under .*. Limited. sular to all important Florida.

p cedented within the last sixty years, the surface. The cold was not severe Beggarweed, that is an indestructible points.

and was probably equal to the one of enough to do much damage under the pest in many sections, is put to Kansas and City Memphis Kansas City R.R., to Fort Kansas Scott &,:

It! 1835. At that. early day there were surface, as is evidenced by many very valuable service in the Bay Country, JacksonvilleThro' }I.Ito to Birmingham Everette, Fla., Southern Central R'&:

l scarcely any groves, only a few trees tender shrubs, that are now sendingup where it is raised as hay for stock, Line Peninsular to all Fla. points.

r. having been set about St. Augustine. sprouts, such as hibiscus, alamanda, horses being particularly fond of it. Louis to Jacksonville by
Short Line to Du Quoin,
; Tradition tells us that all were killed mango, and even the poinsettia. Mare- Seed are imported here for the purpose Holly Sp'gs 1St. Central to Holly P'gs,

f r to the ground, even the sour (wild) chal Neil roses, were generally killed of cultivation and a considerableacreage Route. City to Birmingham Memphis &,Sou.Birmingham -

i orange, but they all sprouted from the unless well protected; the writer how- is now being prepared for it. J R'y to Everette and F. C. & P.

roots and reproduced themselves in a ever has two that came through all Horses fatten on it, and as other Sioux City Ill.&: Chicago Cent. to to Jacksonville -

r it short time. right and are showing plenty of blooms grasses fit for forage are scarce, the Holly Route.New Sp'gs. }Sp'g!l, K., C. M. & B. to Holly Birmingham
is all wonderful then when and buds.It Sou. R'y to Ever-
I 1ltj, not at beg'garweed will likely become very ette and the F. C. & P.
1 the mercury reached 16 to 18, with is quite astonishing how rapidly popular.-Tropical Sun. Louis'ille &: Nash'ille to River
fl a hard'driving wind that it should the orange tree will recover itsel* with Orleans Junction.with F. C. & P. only
.. To }route through sleepersJackso'vl1le
have caused destruction hitherto. un- good care and. attention. Young between New 'Orleans and (

h known., It may however be concluded budded trees under three or four years Jacksonville.The .

; and not unreasonably that owingto were generally killed to the groundby Florida F.running C. &: P.through has 700 the miles of track In

such a combination of circumstan the first freeze, and where they KnownEverywhere. Tobacco Regions, c

i; ces, such dire disasters may not occur were cut off at that time they are now Stock Peacn Farming and and Strawberry Dairy Section Lands,,

.: in many years to come. throwing up sprouts and with proper Grown Sold Everywhere.verywhere. Orange Phosphate, Banana Belt.and Pineapple Country,

a Jt requires good staying qualities in care will do to bud in July. .I see one Has the Silver Spring and
the the work of writer one can be saved by Other fine Scenery.The .
;ii R grower to begin resuscitation says year QR' &enDS Great Hunting Country.
as the silver lining is not budding or grafting in the root. Thisis Reaches the Noted fishing Grounds.
for the best lands for tillage, greatest vari-
II l yet in sight. Having been a residentof not a practical thing to do and will Ferry's Seed Annual for 1895. ety Has of soils in the State: and above all

Orange county for the past eleven only be practiced by an amateur.No k Invaluable of Fine Vegetables to all planters and and Beautiful lovers A (Runs over the Central Rldgeland
the writer would that there doubt many trees will be killed Flowers. Write for It-Free. Where It Is High and Healthy.
,
years say
D. M. FERRY& VO., Prosperous towns fill its route and it offers
,I., is very good, reason to believe that by too much trimming; they should all Detroit, Mich. the best freight facilities for any produce to
be left to for the first the Northern markets. Send for the popular
M orange growing will be 11uch.more grow season song-
;. remunerative in the future,than it has and until the tree is well establishedin '"MY! FLORIDA HOME."

''s;: been in the past, for in the first place growth and vigor, then you can with its spirited words and beautiful music
descriptive of an actual Florida Home, and
I! there will be many groves abandoned begin to trim. which is gotten up in elegant style-Six pagesof
k I.; owing to the inability of the growers The practice of ,our best growers in FraUdBURSFrUItWrappers.NO ?; full sized best music Florida containing also ,
a picture of a home in and a hunting
financially and otherwise to bring cutting off and trimming trees, is to scene. It is mailed'on receipt of 10 cents (in ,
them cut them back to wood. stamps, to pay expense of distribution.)
: out. green MORE CHEATING. Send also for the best map of Florida (sen I
1'' ;I would take no stock) however, in Many are not in favor of cutting off free) and note the towns on its route. i

the idea of some writers, that fifty percent the tops, but it is mostly a question of Consumers of Fruit Wrappers may A.O.MAODONELLG.P.A Jacksonville, Fla., I I
dollars and the now know that they get an honest ream
of the will be abandoned as season advancesmore I
groves of 480 sheets and not 400 320 sheetsto
and that a smail majority only will are in favor of trimming and ream as some unscrupulous or dealers The- Fla. Gent. & Peninsular R. R.

reach a rich reward. On the other those who can are doing so. supply. Offers to Shippers

f i, hand the will forward When trees are cut off at the
orange industry go stumpor OUR "FAIR AND SQUARE"Printed The Shortest and Quickest Route
about the same as'formerly, except large limbs they should be waxed BETWEEN

there will be much more caution over, using a grafting wax made of 7 Wrappers are putup in packagesof FLORIDA AND ALL POINTS IN

and care given to the growing of the parts of rosin and i part beeswax andi 1000 each, and each Wrapper isnumbered THE EAST AND WEST.

few) varieties that have proved them of raw linseed oil. If is cheaper ; in printing, consecutively With Improved Ventilated Cars, this com- I
from 1 to 1000. No one can any is better equipped than ever ever to
than paint and much better .
st profitable. Time will not be as thereis handle the Orange and Vegetable Crops, and
spent in trying to see how many Varieties no poisonous substance to injurethe HONESTLY BEATour Insure close connections and prompt despatchto
all Easteru and Western Markets.
can be raised. Sweet seedlingswill tree. prices. Send for samplers/ and prices Through cars to destination with-

lead, then Hart's Tardiff, Tangerine SUMMARY.In toTHE out change or delay.

and grape fruit. Then those who summing up I would say that JERSEY CITY PRINTING CO. shippers Perishable advised freight time followed passing various by wire Juno-and

have young groves coming on will die from Ft. Myers, south, trees are and tion points and arrival at destination.All .
JERSEY CITY N. J. and loss a I
claims for overcharges promptly -
versy, raise more farm crops, corn, have been in bloom, but that is nearlyout adjusted.
rice make their of N. B.-We do not'deal in unprinted See that goods marked
upland own hay, etc. the orange growing district as your are
I'' w pperR. via F. C. & P. R. R.
OBSERVATIONS. there are but few groves and thereforeit
For information call on or address the un-
rj Being a resident of the South Apopka cuts but a small figure in the mar SAW MILL dersigned:
FARMER'S works successfully with 4 O. B. TAYLOR, Trav. A'gt Ocala, Fla.
region, famous for its orange groves, ket. Seventy-five miles north of here h, p., also Grinding Mills W. B. TUCKER, Gen. A'K't, Orlando, Fla.
and having traveled over a large por- many of the large sweet seedlingswere and Water Wheels. G. M. HOLDEN, Trav. A' t. Leesburg:, Fla

tion of the orange-growing section,con killed to the ground. DeLoach Mill Mfg Co.. Or.N W. R.,S. PIENNI GTONTrafic Manager, Ma,

sisting of Orange Lake Sumter Her- I Most of the old this Jacksonville,Fla.
.... groves through 323 Highland, Ave., Atlanta,' Qa. W, H. PLEASANTS, General Freight Agt


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THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. 317 ,
I ..,
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I II % To Orange-Growers. ;
&tCj r "- --. _


The largest crop and. best grade of fruit can only be obtained'.

I I by using fertilizers containing. ,.
-

Not Less than i zo/o ,Actual Potash.; ;) :

:Ii'1 1t
I This is equally true of pine-apples and other tropical fruits .
I :
I Our books on Potash are sent free. They willcort l, you nothing to read, and will save :tL'
you dollars. GERMAN KALI WORKS,93,Nassau Street New York. '

JOHN L. MARVIN, .
President.H. .
T. BAVA, THOS. W. CONRAD,
Cashier. Assistant Cashier.

CAPITAI.$100,000.. .


THE MERCHANTS'' NATIONAL BANK,


JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA, '

The Works of Jas.>mine & Son, Monmouth, III. Respectfully solicits you Deposits, Collections and Geneva.
Banking Business.CORRESPONDENCE .
from Scotch Grove, Iowa 'into
A Worthy: Firm. an enlarged -
plant at Monmouth, 111., where theyare : INVITED.
Ingenuity, coupled with enterprise has able to promptly fill the rapidly in-
made the firm of Jas. Milne & Son, pat- creasing number of orders. DIRECTORS. :
entees and manufacturers of grub and Milne Bros. have also removed their John L. Marvin, A. B. Campbell, Chas. Marvin,
stump machines, now at Monmouth, Ill., immense Shetland Pony business, which H. T. Baya, T. W. Roby, Judge R. B. Archibald,
the largest establishment of the kind in includes a large number of the finest of Judge E. M. Randall. C. B. Rogers, W. M. Davidson,
t the world. these little animals, to the latter city. Or' H. RoblnRon John E. Hnrtrldge.SAVINGS .
I They have made it possible for farmersto We recommend that our readers write I
clear their land rapidly and with trivial :Messrs. Milne & Son for their interesting
expense. catalogue which fully describes their AND TRUST BANK
Messrs. Milne & Son have just removed grub.and stump machines.

OJB* FLORIDA, !

Varieties of Oran ea.-No. 2. Double Imperial navel is a St. JACKSONVILLE. :
,Under the Lime or Portugal or- Michael's type orange with a small CAPITAL, $50,000.

anges I have listed in order of matur- navel mark. -The tree is vigorous and H._.ROBINSON, President. W. J. HARKI8HE1MKII,Vlce-Pres.

ity, i, Acapulco; 2, St. Michaels ; the fruit small sized, thin skinned, : \VM' RAWLINSON, Cashier,' ., ".- '.,'...
'3, Double Imperial (navel) ; 4, Dum- seedless and "of fine quality when ma- <'
mitt; 5, May's St. Machaels ; 6, Pro- ture. ,At one time it 'was thought the DIRECTORS : .N.

lific; 7, DuRoi ; 8, Pineapple; 9, coming orange, but alas like other W.H ROBINSON J. HARKISHEIMER, J.PHILIP HILDFBRAND WALTHR,. P.R.E.H McMURRAY LIGGETT,",
Drake's Star; 10, Paper Rind St. navels is a shy bearer. J. A. HENDERSON, C. C. ROBERTSON: W. B. OWEN.0

Michaels;. 12, Beach's NO.5 ; 13, Dummitt. and May's St. Michaels Collections made on all points of Florida,and Remitted for on day of Pay-
Hart's Late. The edible hybrids of when grown together would, need ment. Active and Savings Accounts Solicited. Interest Paid on
the wild citron on the wild lime have labels be,told apart. Under chemical Savings.

developed into a gradual sequence .of fertilizing they are thin skinned,
refined fruits ranging in maturity from often almost seedless, and when ma-

the early ,citron oranges with mild essential ture' fine flavored fruit. On low, or FLORIDA FRUIT EXCHANGE. '
oil and sweet tissues and juiceto hammock l land, the skin often proves

.the rank-peeled, acid juiced, and tender and somewhat liable to crease .
often somewhat bitter tissued St. and,split. An Incorporated. Home best Association.-of AUTHORIZED Orange Growers CAPITAL for marketing, $300.000.Florida Fruit to the
Michael's oranges, which border closeon DuRoi and Drake's Star have dis-: BOX MATERIAL-The Exchange Is fully prepared to supply boxes and paper on

the Bigarade or sour orange, whichis tinctive sutures or ribs, a reminiscenceof order. Write for price list and terms.-: OFFICERS :- '.
transition variety of the wild lime the wild citron, but so remote as GEO. R. FAIRBANKS, President. D. GREENLEAF, Vice-President.
to follow carpels 'or segments. ALBERT M. IVES; ,Gen'l Mgr.and Treas. M. P. TURNER, Secretary.,
of Ceylon not DIRECTORS-Geo. R. Fairbanks, Alachua Co.; E. G. Hill Bradford Co.; Dr. E. E. Pratt
Most of the sweet seedling acid Excepting the distinctive markings, Hillsboro Co.; John Fabyan, Lake Co.; Hy Crutcher Orange Jo.; D. Greenleaf, Duval Co.;
J. D. Mead, Duval Co.; A. Brady. Brevard Co.; F. G. Sampson, Marion Co. ; C. V. Hillyer
merit for
round oranges in Florida, are properly they have: no special propa- Marion Co.; John M. Bryan Osceola Co.; W. E. Stanton, Putnam Co.; M. S. Moreman St.
St. Michaels gation. Johns Co.; C. F. A. Bielby, Volusia Co.; Irving Keck, Polk Co.
speaking, Portugal or or- : Address'all correspondence to the Florida Fruit Exchange,Jacksonville; Fla. Stencils,
I
anges, and the Acapulco is a very good The Pineapple is a selected seedlingof with full packing and shipping instructions furnished on application. .
type of the best %f them. Marion' county, of smooth skin and

Magnum Bonum, Osceola, and a solid pulp, quite acid, and ripening in JOHN CLARK SON & CO. .
midwinter :
great many others, have been named
and more or less propagated, but com- .It is vigorous and a good bearer, resembling -
pared with the special season and high somewhat the Prolific. It is Grocers and Commission Merchants
not sufficiently sweet and high flavored -
class imported oranges, cannot be recommended -
as likely to prove the with ordinary culture, to become a DEALERS IN

most profitable. popular table orange, compared with Coal, Hay, Grain, Wines, Liquors,
There are several sub-varieties of fruit like the Jaffa.

imported St. Michaels! oranges vary- Botelha is a late ripening Portugal Cigars, Tobacco, Etc. ,, '
ing considerably in appearance and orange of good stamina, bearing habit i.J, ...ltoJ"aol
quality. Many of them are flattenedin and flavor, and the same may be said sonville, 1or1da. ;> ,:-. ..t

shape and some so acid as not to of Beach's No. 5. ': ;../,
be pleasantly edible till full midwinter. Apple growers near the northern PRICE-LIST WHISKIES:

named limit special attention to so called RyE.t sO CABINET BOURBON.... .............. ..8600
Some. are very prolific; one so pay BARKER ..... ............ ,.. ........... 175 ]. MARTIN RYE.... ...................... too
staminato
(No. 6)r) growing mostly in desirable iron-clad varieties that have ORANGE ............. 2 oo VIRGINIA GLADES ..........,.............'i 00
in the resist cold in addition to their fruit, SPRING VALLEY......... ................. 350 OLD BOURBON........... ........ .....goo
market sizes, and will doubtless BALTIMORE CORN .................. 200 KRNTUCKYSOUR MASK................ 500
long'run .as profitable as some ing qualities. NORTH CAROLINA CORN.. ............. 250 OLD BAKER ... .... ....... .,..;. 500
of the finer prove flavored sub-varieties of No orange trees during the past I CLIFTON CLUB... ...... .............. 300 MON 1 ROSE VELVET RYE................... 6 oo

other strains that have less stamina. winter have escaped cold better than JUGS EXTRA: One gallon, 250; two gallon,, soc; three gallon, 750. Remit by postofficenoney
order, check or registered letter. We cannot ship C O. D. Remit with order.
Paper Rind St. Michaels is a similar Hart's Late. Its general vigor is A complete price-list of Groceries, and Wine List sent free on application.
orange, thin skinned and prolific, but good, and its stamina may be partly
JOHN CLARK SON & CO.
very seedy. due to the fact that in bearing moder- .




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IJ 318 THE FLORIDA PAKMKK AND FRUIT-GROWER.. '

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ately it'does not weaken 'its 'constitu- IIfI STRAWBERRY" ,PLANTS the best for FOR shipping SALE.purpose Ala-

tion. Strong, well rooted plants $3.00 per 1000,
." f.'o. b. Cash with order. John Seeley, Lawtey,
I do not know that it is necessaryto Florida.. 5-18-4

speak at length concerning its fruit. WANTED IN HOUSE. Address Mrs.

Anyone who has hefted in the hand PURBw i I HE Harrison, Dade City, Fla. 5-18-2

this smooth leathery skinned orange, I STRAWBERRY PLANTS. For nice, well-

and seen the deep .colored pulp bulge : plants at two dollars a thousand
f.. o, b. Address W. H. Kemp: Lawtey, I
beyond level of edges of the peel on Fla. 5-18-3 '

cutting, will always remember it. [ is the whole storyabout STRAWBERRY PIANT.s100,000 for sale.

As the Sweet Seville in.juice ap of imitation tratfa and Alabama Cloud.: Best
shipping berries in the state. Strong,'well root-
proaches close to the sweet lime family marks aDd labcto
; ed plants. Good, packing guaranteed by ten
so does the Hart's Late to the years ,experience. $2.00: per 1000, f. o.; b. R,
,
Fuddy. Lawtey, Fla. jH'H'
lemon or sour lime family. The Poultry, Ducks Turkeys Pig

characteristics of the lime family are \X/ANTED., Common breeds accepttd for all
W\\ ADD HAEK SOJA) kinds of Nursery Stock Rare Fruits, Flowers
noticeable in the foliage and the rank and Ornamental: Plants. Also a great many

pungent essential oil of the lemon as- valuable articles to exchange. Hall's safe, musical
I instruments fire arms books elegant oil
serts itself in the .peel. The juice Costs than paintings, etc. Orders taken now for 'all varieties
it is to be in pac1 Orange, Lemon and Grape Fruit trees to
also, though sweet enough \ages."flour-universallyacknowledgedpurestin'thcworld. be delivered in the fall of 96. Over 10,000 fine

very palatable and refreshing when stocks to bud on. Address at once for catalogue, .
etc.;,-Robert G. Bidwell, Orlando Fla.,Box
mature, yet lacks the fulness of 'aromatic .. .Hade,only by amRaI'co.., New York. Sold by grocers Ter1whe c. ; 147.
JAMAICA SORREL I (Hibiscus sabiiariffa).
etherial bouquet that is present Write for Arm and Hammer,Book of n luablo Recipes fXEE. ;time: to plant. .Will furnish an
'
in the'best' early and mia season *sor- .., f .; t> > abundance of actd fruit in the fall.: Splendid for'
'. .. 1r- sauce orj:jelly. 40cents half dozen, 75 cents a
anges. Its slow maturity is phenomenal dozen, post paid. Tropical Nurseries. Avon
be looked -- Park,'Fla. : it
and would not naturally!
for in a fruit containing its peculiar gated. ,One:of the first batch thus obtained METAL WON'T" FREEZE I Camphor trees, i year,

.t is, now. in the house ,of size, $2.00 dozen, smaller $1 50 dozen.
characteristics. It is also an ideal orange. = Loquats i year, same ptice. Tea plants 20 cents
and will be hard to the Department of Agriculture. In WHEELS AII// each, $2: 00 dozen. All pot grown; post paid.
shipping orange Also Giant Bamboo, $i.co each. Price list free.
displace from popular favor as the 1873 two of the trees were sent to Mrs. for your Tropical Nurseries. Avon Park, Fla.

best late S. Hubbard in L. C. Tibbets, ofRiversiqe, Cal. At IRRIGATED GROVE 100 acres TO years set
orange.-F. WAGONS.WiA in other fruit, trees, etc.
the same time others were sent to Flor- treeslSo;
Agriculturist. For sale at a Address K," The Palms,
ida. But those planted in California Any size you want 20 Lane Park, Lake County, Fla. 4 2-gm
--
to 66 In.high. Tires 1 -
fruited,more quickly, and were the.first to 8 wide-hubs to = ORANGE, LEMON and GRAPEFRUIT
Origin of the Navel Orange. axle. Trees. One year old buds'on four
fit Saves
I to attract :attention.; It' soon became Coat any times in year old roots Also bud wood. ,For sale by

; There have been more navel oran- evident that the climate of that State a season many to have Bet ArthurS.AuchinclossRedbnd Cal. 5-11-8
of low wheels to fit 8T1 in the market this PLANT
ges Washington was better suited to the cultivation of
your wagon for hauling will be greatly over done next year,
1 winter ,than 'ever before, says the this'variety. In Florida: it is not suffi- grain fodder, manure, and only those who plant under the best conditions -
bogs &0. No resetting of will make a profit. Lawtey berries are
Washington Star. The fruit is doubt- ciently 'productive; that is, does not tires Oatl'g free. Address quoted in .the New York Price Current this

s less gaining in popularity, the flavor bear freely enough to be profitable. EMPIRE MFG. CO., week. 35 to 45 cents; from all other parts of the
f" State, 25 to 35 cents. Lands for sale or rent at
being exceptionally fine, though the Nevertheless, the finest Navel oranges Q.u1Dcy, 111. reasonable rates. E. G.I.Hill Lawtey,Fla. "

skin is much thicker than that of the come ,from Florida, though they are | 5-4-tf

Indian River Inasmuch as handsome Cali- f- EGGS FOR HATCHING. All varieties, $1a
those from
orange. not so as fI dozen. White Leghorns, 24 for $1.
all sorts of theories are in 'circulation'' fornia. I I Pekin Ducks, 9 for$i. Albert Fries; St Nicho-

as to the origin of the variety, a few PSI las, Fla 543.
IF ANY ONE who has been benefited bv the
f// words of accurate information on the For the Public Good. .. of Dr William's Pink Pills will write to

. f subject may not be amiss. For five The Marion _. ...." .:f!.:I _'"--ti '- ...vJO". ...., ,,"Jl "". yl.k THE FARMER inforn'alion AND that FRUIT will GROWER be of much, they value will and receive -
I To begin with, the first navel orange 'long years interest to them.

a: ;' was doubtless, freak or "sport," Times has stood squarely for the peo- WEAK POINTS IN WIRE FENCES. THE WONDERFUL PEA, (Ha..tiuglWar) -

}, as horticulturists: say. To make sucha ple. It has at all times espoused their 1st too low If less than 5 ft. animals bushel! $3.00 Genuine., f.o.b. A.Per Z.peck ARMOUR, 75 cents.; Panasoffkee. Pr
cause against the aggression and ,reach jump tumble over. 2nd cross bars Fla.
oppression 4-13-3
fruit artifice would be too wide _
a by impossible. apart. These add nothing to the !
I of rings, corporations and strength, simply spread the strain, like the LIGHT BRAHMA, D. B. Plymouth Rock and
: It is abnormal in the bud. The
even for hatching doz-
Turkey Eggs
planks on a bridge and should be close. 3d, $1.00
ft navel shows in the bud as early as the usurers. It has been the friend of the cheap horizontal wires. No matter how en to suit the times. C Gomperts, Lady Lake,

farmer, the laborer, the mechanic, largpt a moderate strain stretches them un Florida. 2 2-16
l"' latter can be examined under the mi- ess. 4th the lack of a reliable,automatic CHOICE Orange and Lemon Trees and Bud-
J croscope, It' may be even traced and all, who gainrtheir.: .living by hon- tension device. End springs ratchets} for sale. Address, I. H. CammacK
est employment.: It: was'; the ,first etc., can only affect near by panels. You Whittier. California. 3i6tf.
.
,, back to the flower, which is double- can learn the remedy by addressing
that'word does the newspaper in the'State to ask for. an PAGE WOVEN WIRE FENCE $150 fin CASH, will buy 20 acres number
though not express CO.,Adrian,Mich. UU one strawberry land with a two-
:" idea very well, each blossom having a honest election law-now they all room cottage in S .Thomas, Fla.,. for an actual
clamor for it. It was the first news- settle r. This offer open for a short time only.
\. secondary blossom within it. In' the OI NT-.A- "WORD COL, UMN. J,S. Mills.

; developed fruit the navel is itself a paper'in'the State to say ,that cities BUDwooD-parson B*own 'ten dollars per ,
jj '9 and towns should ovn'and control Maltese Straight and Hart's
:' secondary orange, 'in ,some specimens To Insure insertion in this.column, advertise- Tardiff Oranges and Lisbon Lemons seven fifty j
having a distinct, in surrounding' it. their water works, 'gas plants electric ments must be accompanied by the money. per thousand. Address J. W. Waite, P. O. Box II
Advertisements must not exceed fifty words. 8(9, San Diego, California. 3-2-4
,: f This two story orarige' is no novelty. and power ,plants, street railways, insurance .Postage Stamps received in payment.
all Count word.including and address. MAKE HENS LAY-There is nothing like
and other .public conveni- every :name TO
A book on horticulture, published in Bowker's Animal Meal. 40 tons !sold' in Flor-
?: of the Navel ences for which. the public is taxed. ida last. vear. Hundreds testimonials. For
1642, gives a picture orange I particulars, write E. W. Amsdt-n, Ormond, Fla.
It.'was the first in the Stateto .
1 newspaper TREES .
.. and calls it "Pomum Adami foeturn. YOR ORANGE ARE KILLED _io-i3-tf

A ." This is the earliest reference oppose the injustice of forcing delinquent BROWN LEGHORN EGGS for HATCHING.
tax-payers to a fee of $2 Do not let the hot summersun of the best. $i for 13. R ruddy,
pay
The blossoms
known.
for
,. rarely have Lawtey, Fla. Barred Plymouth Rock eggs
tt': any pollen, and .the fruit is usually to the comptroller-( each parcel of bake and ruin your grove hatching. 1-5-20:

f 1 ; though not always seedless. The va- lty'soid by the tax collector before, land but sow it in "Giant Agent's profits per month. Will
it forfeit. New Articles
l:.1: : the same, could be. redeemed. .,Our $525 5 5 prove or out.pay A $1.50 sampleand
: rietyis reproduced by buddingWhere; \ : Weed" and just
i it is known with'ceftain-', Vigorous fight against this law, aided Beggar protect terms free. Try us CHIDESTER -
originated not
'
ti & SON 2-* Bond St., N. Y,
Iff but it in Southern by other valuable publications, of and improve Jt" Write:
ty was probably
I
which would FOR SALE for cash time or trade,orange groves,
12 Asia. Thence it was taken to the region we especially mention W. M. GIRARDEAU, and timber lands. E. RUMLEY. ,.Keuka,'
THE FLORIDA FARMER Fla. .nt6t.FOR
AND FRUIT
of the Mediterranean ,and eventually Monticello Fla.I
n i 5-11-2: .
I
diffused over the world. A lady GROWER paper that has done more EXCHANGE-Summer and winter hotel
9t for advancement of North Carolina mountains. Owner must
Florida
than ORIGINATED? THE WALDO PEACH which
who had traveled in Brazil told Mr. live in Florida. Want good orange grove. W.
i is now the most popular peach in the State.
other
Saunders, chief gardener of the Department -: any agricultural paper publishedand After six years effort I uowofler.you a better one. B. Clarkson Jacksonville,'Fla. 9-i5-tf
which in 'our'opinion is the most THK JEWEL PEACH Is 10 days earlier than deal on wire netting. Prices cut in
; of Agriculture, about this'or- of the Waldo larger fine qu ;"' which she had seen in that coun- derserving public patronage-re- shipper.: Blooms late. Bud! $i p r ,100. price-list.. E. W' Amsden. Ormond. Fla. tf.
) ange, sulted'in'its [repeal by' the legislatureof 5-11-2 T. ,K Godbey, Waldo, Fla.
", try. Acting on this information, Mr. THE LAKELAND NURSERIES-Have for sale
tl 1893.-Marion Times. or MELON PAPAW SEED. 24 ooo citrus trees on sour orange,grapefruitand
|; Saunders, told a. Star reporter that he TROPICAL.!". Stamps or silver. -B. M. Hamp rough lemon roots, of the following varieties:

1 had sent to Bahia and secured a dozen PSI ,ton. Frost.Proof, Fla.. .5 4-3 Marsh Seedless Pomelo, Thompson Pomelo Au-
radium Pomelo, Boone's Early..Parson Brown,
j young; budded trees. These reached Some pineapple growers !along t the FOR HATCHING from imported thoroughbred Hart' Tardiff, Dancy Tangerine Satsuma!' Kumquat -
f W claim Bronze Turkeys; pne dollar for set King and Maltese Blood Orange, and Villa
the United States in 1870 being the east coast that there will be
justas ting of nine eggs Send money with order. No Franca and Belair Premium Lemon Tahiti Seedless
first Navel orange trees known here. much fruit this year as there was last, charge! ,for packing ,aud.delivering to Express Limes A specialty the<<= Marsh Seedless
: I Agent here. Address H Erwin, Pomona, Fla. Grape-fruit C. M Marsh, Lakeland, Polk Co.,
I I I
others the This is
From these trees were.propa-? despite freeze. doubtful. I II i 3-23-10 Fla. .111720or' :

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THE FLORIDA FAfcMfifc AND FRTJIT-GfcOWEfc.' :319 !
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.., .. '. SAVANNAH LINE -
The Clyde Steamship Co. -:


TO NEW YORK, BOSTON AND PHILADELPHIA,


48 to 55 hours between/Savannah: ;; New York and: ( '1 hiladelphi ., and f .HEW YORK CHURIiESTON HMD FLOWN LIMES.

65 to 70 hours between Savannah and Boston. ,

y


OCEAN STEAMSHIP COMPANY. The magnificent Steamships>s of this Line are appointed ,:' ,

to sail as follows, calling at Charleston, S. C.,

G. M.: 90RRIL Manager.<: : both ways : ;
(STANDARD TIM B.)
From New York. From Jacksonville
(Pier 29 E. R.) STEAMER Florida

Friday, April 26th, at 3 p m.. .... ... "IROQUOIS" ....... Thursday, May 2d. at uoo: a m
Tuesday, 30th,at 3 p m........ .UKHl\.Sunday., 5th, at 130pm
4 Friday May 3d, at3pm..ALGOj\QUIN".Thur.day, 9th. at 5:00am: .
Wednesday .. 8th, atgpm. ......." IRtQUul) .,". .........Tuesday, 14th at 8-30 a m
SSsa,iSs iSSff-iataeft Friliy loth at 3 pm. ......."CHF.ROKKE"..... Thursday i6th, at 103" a m
Tuesday, 14th, at 3 p m........ ."ALGONQUIN".'..... Sunday. Kith at 12:00: n'n
-Tyt r Friday, 17th. at 3 P m.... "SKMINULE". ,... ...Thursday, II 23d. at 4.00 a m
_- : Monday, 2oth; atspm.......... "IROQUOIS". ........**un 'lay. 26th, at 5:30am:
Friday II 24th. at 3 p "ALGt1NQUIN"Thursday. 3oth, at 9'30 a m
Tuesday, 28th, at 3 p m........ "SEMI: -'or.} .. .... Sunday June ad: at 1200 n'n
Friday, 31st, at3pm.......... ..IROQUOIS..Thursday, .. 6th, at 4.0.am ;

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J Philadelphia, Charleston and Jacksonville Line. .. "

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For the present and until further notice, Steamer "YEMASSEE"' is intended to

i' sail from PHILADELPHIA for CHARLESTON,., Wednesdays, and from

'P .a.Ke Ra.1e. CHARLESTON; for PHILADELPHIA; Sundays.' Close connection made at
Between Jacksonville and'Ne 'York: ,First-class: $25.00; Intermediate, $19.00'Excursion; ', $43.30;
Charleston with
"' Steerage, $12.50. Clyde Florida Steamers, for business to and from Jacksonville and .

Jacksonville and Boston or Philadelphia: Cabin, $27.00; Intermediate, $21.00;; Excursion $47.30 ; all Florida points. Also, Philadelphia and interior points via Philadelphia. r rI rST.
Steerage, $14.25. The magnificent steamships of this Company are appointed to sail as follows: t
FROM SAVANNAH TO NEW YORK. ,I
(Central or goo Meridian Time.) 'I

City of Birmingham ............... ... ............;.. .... .... ; Sunday May 19, I2.gop.m. JOHNS: : :R.I'V"ER.: : E I1S"E.: 1
Nacpochee.......... ...... ....' ..!.... ........ .... ..,..... .... .......Tuesday, May 21, 3 oo p. m.May .
Kansas City.. *... ..... "'.. .............. ....i; ...'... ..... ..... Friday, 24 5 00 a. m. :
Tallahassee..... ........ ..'.' ..... .. ........... ... ........ ...Sunday, May 26, 630 a. n..
'Cityjof: Birmingham -..:....;. ...... ...... ............ .............. Tuesday biay28, 7.30p. m. For Sanford Enterprise and Intermediate Points on t:)
Nacoochee.....:..... : ........... ........... ..;.... ... ..... .........Friday, 1ti1aY31. II ooa. m. '
ICanMas. City ...,... .......-....., .......... ........ .... ..... ............. Sunday, June 2I2.00noon the St. Johns River. 1
Tallahassee ..'.....I.:" ............. ............... ..... ........ .... ....Tueday. June 4' 3.001'' m.
City of Birmingham ...... .... .... ...... .... ...... ... ..Fri l lay, June 7, 5.303. n>. .. : 1
Nacoocliee....... ........ .... .... ........... ....... .......... .........Sunday, June 9; 7.00 a. m. The iron side-wheel '. .. I
Kansas City.. ..... .... ........ ........ ....; .. ........ ........ .... Tuesday June n, 7 co p. m.Tallahasflee. elegant steamers '; \
........ .. .... .... .... .... ... ............ .. ..... .. ..Friday June 14, lo.ooa m .1 :
City of Birmingham ....;... .....*....... .... ............ ......Sunday, June 16, Il.oonoon "Ci1y of: JacksoJ1"V'ille,9.9: : ri'
...... ...:......... .......... ... ', .. .......... ........ .Tuesday June 18, 200p.1n, W.-A. SHAW V
Kansas City ....... .. .............. ,.... .......... ........ ........... Friday. June 21, 4.oop m. Capt. ? -v ;
City of Augusta..... ............ ..;. .......... .......... ........ ...Sunday, June 23 5 ooa. m. Is appointed to sail from Jacksonville Sundays; Tuesdays and Fridays at 3:30: p. m., :l
City of Birmingham .... ................. ...:.. ....... ..... .... ....Tuesday, June 25 7.00 p. m. and returning leave Sauford Mondays, Wednesdays and Saturdays at 9 'JJ
Nacooohee ..... .............'.......... ............ ...... ..... ...... ..Friday, June 28. 10 oo H. m. a. m. .
Kansas, (City....,..... .......;. ..... ...... ............ ......,.... ...... ...;Sunday, June 30, 12.00110011FROM
SAVANNAH TO BOSTON. SOUTHBOUND. SCIIEDULE.NORTHBOUNV.. :

Clty.ofMacon .............. ...... ......:...... .... .. ?......... ..Thursday, May 23. 4.goP. w. Read down Read up.
Gate City.... .... ..... Thursday. May 30 10 ooa. m. Leave 3'30P. m. .......... ...... .. ....Jacksonville........... ...... .... Arrive 3.30a. m. .
City of Macon<< .. . June 6 5.oop n. .. 8.45 pm.. ... ..... . ..... .Palatka. ...... ...... .....i...... Leave 9.00 p. m.
Gate City.... ,..,...: ..:..... ...... ,. Thursday, June 13 10 oo a. m. Ie 3.0"1 a. m. ............ ......I... Astor.............. ...... .. 3.oo'P' m.
City of \ .. ,.. ... ........ .... ....... .. Thursday, June 20, 3.30 p. m. .. 4.30 a. m. .......... .............St. .rancis. ...... ............ .... II 1.30 m.
Gate City;.;. .... .......... ............ ....Thursday, June 27, 9.00 a. m. 5.30 a. m. ...... ..... .. .. ..... Beresto ...... ............ ...... U 12.00 p.noon
FROM. SAVANNAH TO PHILADELPHIA. Arrive 8.30 a. m. ...... .... .... .... Sanford .............. co 9.00 a. m.
.- II 9.25 a. m. .... .... .... ........ .... Enterptise ..... .... ... .... ... II 9.3u a. m.
(These Ships do NOT Carry Passengers,)

Elihu ..*. Wed'day, 111ay22, 3.30p.m. \
D.,.. nuK' ...... ........ ..... ....s.. ..... .... ........ .... Wed'day May 29 9.00 a. m,
__ --...... ............... .. ..... ............. ..... .. Wed'day June 5..Wed'day 4.00 p. m. General Passenger and Ticket Office, 204 West Bay St., Jacksonville
De..Mou .... .... .... .... ... ....... ..... ........ ...... ....... lune 12 goo a. In.
_____.... ...... ... .... ........... .. .... ...... ..... ... Wid'day, June i 19. 2.30 p.. m. A. J. COLE Passenger! Agent. 5 Bowling Green, N ew York
Dessoug.... ........ ;..... .... .... .......... ...... ;....... .... ........ Wed'day: June 26, 8.ooa. m.: 1\1. H. LYl-.:. Assistant Traffic> Manager, 5 Bow ing Green, New York. '
D. I). C. 1\IJNlt. General 'I'elght Agent 12 o. Delaware avenue, Philadelphia, Pa.
'. THESE PALACE STEAMERS TU :O. G. aun, Traffic Manager S Bowling Geen: New York.
r F. M. IRONMONGER, Jr., Florida'Passenger Agent, 204 West Bay Jacksonville PU.
I Connect at Savannah with Central Railroad of Georgia. Savannah Florida & Western Railway, JOHN L. HOWARD, Florida Freight Agent foot Hogan Street, Jacksonville Fla. '
Florida Central & Peninsular Railroad. LESLIE foot .
J. A. Superintendent, Hogan Street Jacksonville Fla.WM.
Through Bills of fading, Tickets and Baggage Checks all points North and Hast. See your
I nearest ticket agent or write for Freight or Passage to P. CLYDE & CO. Gen'l
T. P. BECKWITH, G. F. & P. Agent, New Pier 35 N. R., New York. Agents,
R. I,. WALKER, Agent, C. G. ANDERSON, Agent,
New Pier No. 35, North River, New York. City Exchange Building Savannah, Ga 12 South Delaware Avenue Philadelphia. 6 Bowling Green New York.

.,...... RICHARDSON & BARNARD. Agents, Lewis' Wharf, Boston
. w; JAMES. Agent,.13 S.. Third Street, Philadelphia. .
I W. H. RHKTT, Gen'l Agt. C. R. R., 317 Broadway New York. W. A. SOURS ESTABLISHED 1875. J. B. BOURS.
l J. D. HASHAGEN,'Eastern Agent Sav., Fla. & Western Ry. Co., 261 Broadway N. Y.
J.I,.. ADAMS, Gen'l East. Agt. F. C. & P. R. R., A. DeW. SAMPSON, General Agent WILLIAM\ A. BOURS & CO.
753 Broadway. New York. 306 Washington St., Boston.W. .
J..FARRELL, Soliciting Agent. W. E. ARNOLD. Gen. Trav. Pass. Agt., ,
WALTER HAWKINS, Fla. Pass. Agent,
New Office,,224 West Bay Street, Jacksonville
Grain Garden Seeds and -Fertilizers

300 Acres In Nursery.. ,I.One Acre 'Under Glass. Thirty-Seventh' Year. ,

13229: ""vEST BAY 6 T.. JAOKOOJWXX." UJEC" FLA..
SPECIALTIES :

"!" E? 1C"dt Specially' adapted to Florida and sub-tropical countries. We Handle Only the Best and Most Reliable Seeds. A Comple Stock of
f" U T R ) Peach, Oriental Plums and Pears, Japan Persimmons,
Strawberries, Guavas, Giant Loquat. etc" etc. Rare Coulters and Aroad-leaved Evergreens,: Canellias. -
Azaleas, SO.OTO Palms, 20,000 Camphor Trees, Hedge,: .Plants Open Ground Grown Roses. The Hay Corn Oats, Flour Bran Wheat, Grits Meal
Green House Department i i" complete in plants of every class suited to Southern Horticulture. Catalogues ,

No free.Agents.Address p,. J. BERCKMANS' Fruitland Nurseries, Augusta, Ga. Cotton Seed Meal Both Bright and Dark.



12 vd'r a $ 5 cis. STATE AGENTS FOR {PURE GROUND BONE

: a
... J. rugerWUlen Fertilizer Co. J NITRATE SODA
To any farmers In the United States or Canada who are ,
'. not acquainted with the extra ri'uutution MarbleheadHeod! '
'
have honestly won for purity and reliability, we will send a ''
Star Brand Fertilizers
/ cample package: ((8 little below.ordinary size!) of each of the Inff"1' MURIATE OF POTASH,
following.)/ 12 choice varieties, all of out* own rn tain a, for 15
z, 'cents'yvhivhwllt but little more than pay-for the cost of puttingtupana GUARANTEED ANALYSIS JP SULPHATE
t POTASH
C, walling'L'rosny'H\ Early Meet, White :Hplne:; Cucumber, I ,
a AI Ia'lon's and l Hard hralinUahbiges( ; D.tnverCarrot, 'hick-'
,
-
o-s" \
leaved Da-i'lcllon\ He I Sad: l Ye lov Da.iver: Onion, Dutch Parsnip, Orange Tree and Vegetable r KAINIT Etc

: Comrade Tomato Sugar Pumpkin, Lackey's. Corn. Catalogue FERTILIZER.These ,
.
Home Grown Seed !! l'tt",
Fertilizers have no superior in the market and a trial will convince.
J, J. H. GREGORY & 'CO., Marblehead, Mass. Send for Catalogue,free.





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:)::,- ..,......, JY1, '"- YOUR c os "" .,
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.'. How are you going to dispose of your vegetables, etc., this Spring and we get you larger returns is is probable, that, if you are not already a patron

1 Pi', Summer? of our brands of fertilizers, you will be another season. We have obtained -

rI t Have you tried our New York house yet in order to determine whether larger returns for others. We can do it for you.

.I a company who is interested in securing high prices for ,your products can Obtaining higher prices for your crops will increase our fertilizer busi=;

t! actually secure,you larger returns? ness in Florida.and that is what we are working for. Write to us at No. i,

i Try us with a shipment at the same time you ship to some one else. If Broadway, New York, for stencil. I

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: ';;;: ;:;: > ARE INSECTS TROUBLING YOUR CROPS ? ... ,

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write to us for information about using our newly improved Insecticide Our" Lime Decidedly I the Handsomest Paying, Investment

and Fertilizer Lime." If applied fresh it will destroy every insect in that can Possibly be 'Made-Without it Inferior

Ii your garden. It is indispenseable where Bugs attack Tomato Plants, Water- Crops-With it Perfect Growth and Fruitage.

melons, Beans, Cabbage, Strawberries. etc., etc. .* .
[From Arcadia, Fla.;] _.
31 Read what our customers say: i .*
l"I The Paine Fertilizer Co.,Jacksonville, Fla.:
Not Only Cut Worms and Other Insects But is
Destroys a
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". GENTLEMEN-I have read with much .interest Prof. Pratt's analysis oC
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Good Fertilizer 2OO Crates Tomatoes to the Acre.,
f V your Lime reported in the Farmer and Fruit Grower of the 9th inst. I pur-

[From Winter Haven, Fla.] chased two tons of you about three months ago and sowed it broadcast overt

,I .. The Paine Fertilizer Co., Jacksonville, Fla. acres of newly cleared up bay-head land., I have now growing over 4,000 I

It; DEAR SIRS-I have used one:ton of your Insecticide and Fertilizer Lime cabbages, 1,500 tomato plants, several hundred egg plants, beets, lettuce,

I experimenting with it, and I take pleasure ,in testifying that it not only destroys cauliflower and onions, all doing remarkably well, all of which.I attribute to

J: Cut Worms and other-insects which destroy vegetable plants, but'that the use-of your Insecticide and Fertilizer Lime. Less than four months ago

r: it is a good fertilizer for Florida soil I also applied it to my lemon trees with this was' a wet swampy bay-head. I have four acres now to clear up and

!II the desired effect. I use 600 pounds of fertilizer and 700 pounds of lime per shall use a ton to an acre. Yours truly,

I'' acre on my tomatoes, and I will get 200 crater the acre where f used this JNO. CROSS.

I It lime. I am.going to use rooo, pounds to the acre next season on all lands Write for our complete I. & F. Lime pamphlet, with various opinionsfrom

11- that I cultivate.. t Yours very respectfully, all sections of the State. This insecticide will save. your strawberry. I.II.

C. A. MCvOLLUM.d plants it used during the summer. 1\\

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[ _.. Write us for all information on agricultural matters, to ....
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,,....;....':.sI \-,,'rt".t'; p.; ; ',i 71.0 and 712 East Bay St., J -Jacksonville Florida I.: :.,.:;\'<:r\-\'J'; .,'.1"\:;\: ,.-.\: .

'.: >: \ .; -1? And for all information about selling your fruit and vegetable crops, to '

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:,.:f, f" :,. No.1" Broadway, New York N. Y.'
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,'. latest prices all chemicals before Our facilities enable : to- do this
Get. our on agricultural purchasing elsewhere. We undersell all competitors. us .
easily" and, as a rule, to give better and higher class grades of materials. "

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THE PAINE FER.TIL IZER CO 0"i
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< / 'l' JACKSONVILLE, FLA., and NEW YORK, N. Y.


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