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UFPKY NEH LSTA SLAF



Florida farmer & fruit grower
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055765/00328
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: S. Powers
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: May 4, 1895
Frequency: weekly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note: Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038466
oclc - 01387403
notis - AKM6256
lccn - sn 95026761
System ID: UF00055765:00328
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen

Full Text
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FLORIDA FARMER ; :'

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+ ,' .....'. ..... .1,. .,- '.., AND, FRUITGROWERT I .'.
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\ WHICH IS INCORPORATED "THE FLORIDA DISPATCH." ;,::

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: S. Powers, Publisher Proprietor. JACKSONVILLE FLA., MAY 11, 1895. Whole No. 1370 dol.NEW VII SERIES, No. 19.r .

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AGENTS FLORIDA FRUIT AND VEGETABLE GROWERS' ASSOCIATION.

BATTERSON & C'O RESPONSIBLE RELIABLE COMMISSION MERCHANTS, 167 & 169 SCOTT ..

STREET, BUFFALO, N. Y. WIRE OR WRITE FOR MARKET.w. .

1 1I I

c. WILT ESTABLISHED 1876. A. F. JONES.JONES :READ READ!i READ!!! .. 'It ,

WRITE TO THE- :
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. WILL & L.L B. Darling Fertilizer Go. : 'i



58 .& 60 WEST MARKET ST. 119 f.& 123 MICHIGAN ST.,
: JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA,
BUFFALO N. Y. .
If you are in need of any Fertilizer or Fertilizer Material, and get their

Special Low Prices for Cash with Order. .,. :
,
WHOLESALE FRUITS AND VEGETABLES. DON" 1UISS: ,, ;I I II

This opportunity of a. lifetime to obtain Fertilizers at about cost to the manufacturer. .1:

Office and Warehouse Rear of 26 West Bay St., on river front, midway bet. Main and Laura Sts. II I
invited and Reliable wanted at
Correspondence stencils furnished. on application agents I
all principal shipping points. ,Send for Pocket Memoranda Book. I 1

.
-REFERENCES :- '
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H '1
1
First National Bank of Jacksonville, Fla. Bank Commerce, Buffalo, N.'Y. Dun's and Brad- 100,000

) street's Agencies. EMERSON\ RI BhK ; ,

RfASCAGII Everything for Florida. Established 1883.. Dozen tgza apple Plants ':
t t' BNOtysAl R.\ ; \ FE5 :WJjRKS;... }
,.,. .,.r .;., ,. .V ; opveryonGinlerestct..i i'plauts; bur. .A. r
NEW CATALOGUE for 1895 for Saw Mills has lately' been improved and
0 S will be found invaluable.'64 pages; illustrated;described and priced. Send FOR SALE is absolutely perfect. Simple, ,sensitive, dura
t o9' for it. It's free. Although the recent cold hurt much of our outside stock, ble and cheap. 'Very quick '.
we are able to fill orders for almost everything catalogued excepting Citrus.
P; 9 GIG BACK MOTION.Variable .
A Specially fine line of Economic and Ornamental Plants '

REASONER BROS., Oneco, Fla. to any extent and in a great measure Ii
varies automatically. The easiest and safest of
CAN BE DELIVERED IN AUGUST. alifeedstohaudleandtheeasiestofalltoapply.Can .

An Immense stock of be Put on any Mill in a Few Hours.
W.E E H A V E HEALTHY POT-GROWN Guavas, Eugenias, p-

Camphors, Palms, Gardenias, Olea Fragrans, For further information write days We to all will good gladly mill loan men free, or of will charge give six for weeksto thirty
Magnolia Fuseata, and thousands of other
the,first to apply from each county.
desirable plants, trees and shrubs adapted to all parts of Florida. Write For further particulars apply to theGovernor's
for our prices. JOHN M. GRIFFIN,
P. J. JBERCKMANS FLA. IRON & WOOD WORKS, i
Harbor,
,
FRUITLAND NURSERIES, Augusta, Georgia. J. W. EMERSON
Eleuthera, Bahamas. Apopka, Fla. Manager.SEASONI.


MAKE HAY AND FORAGE. CALIFORNIA BUDS SEEDS IN ,

TEOSINTE. Packet 10 cents; ounce 15 cents; pound $1.50, postpaid.
PEARL MILLET. Pound 35 cents;4 pounds$1.25 post paid pound lots or above by express t
or freight not prepaid, 20 cents per pound.
SALE
FOR
\KAFFIR CORN AND BRANCHING SORGHUM. Pound 30 cents; pounds, $1.00 postpaid;; '
10 pound lots or above not prepaid 15 cents per pound. Cow "VVhippoorwill, Clay, Red Unknown ,
EARLY ORANGE AND EARLY AMBER SORGHUM. Pound 25. cents; 4 pounds 90 cents. In any quantity, nice, clean, thrifty Orange and Sagar Crowder, Wonderful,
postpaid. 10 pound lots or above not prepaid 12 cents per pound.SPANISH Lemon Bud Wood of the following varieties: Black and Conch. Upland Rice
centsbushel, $2.50 not prepaid. ,
PEANUTS. Pound, postpaid.so cents; peck 75 ;
Beggar Weed, Millets\ -Pearl
H. G. HASTINGS & CO., S DSMEN.: JAFFA, and German. Spanish
MAJORCA, Peanuts and all
Catalogue free. I Interlachen, Florida. MEDITERRANEAN SWEETS, ,
*
St MALTA MICHAELS BLOOD, FORAGE PLANTS.

J.iI&JMA1! rB"tEgiJJAIAJ RUBY BLOODS,
Also Garden Seed
HART'S TARDIFF, : at lowest prices.
and the vigorous Citrus trifoliata: ,/which without protection stands the winters as far north as! Washington,uninlured.lU WILSON'S BEST, Send for price list

RA6 E PO ;L.NCI IUS FU TS Dancy's Tangerines & Mandarins. L. CAMERON

ia variety, on ootn orange anutritoliatastocks. ?,, goo varieties ouered, for 1 lorida and Lower South,including figs, ,

prunes,a'rl"3flr:: 'si5"'iJM: pecans r,Japan w walnuts.ass A.Tapan 'SrK: ,ornamentals Lle Lisbon IrP, Eureka,MO1'TS7.:and Villa Franca. JACKSONVILLE Seedsman, ,FLA,

: P+ug varlet,es m extensive"P"un"" orchards and.grounds,maintained' purpose" at considerable expense' 'bas All true to name Price varying from $5 to
been n leading feature of the business for thirteen years and has amply repaid the outlay in the information afforded. Guided, $7 IOQO. Delivered to office in the o 000
bvresults obtained In our own rose rardenswe; have: aelected.and offer Q9 especlnllywell adapted to the climate of this! region State.per Address any post ,

B l:} HJ..EIt i tWa BJ %; tal i B Ba rai IM B v fboev 0 rm a O.Riverside D. WILHITE, Catiforuia.Royal Dwarf Banana Suckers for. sale at
Uandsome rust tand-boukfree I rull and correct descriptions> 40 accurate
artistic illustrations results with leading sorts j latest practice and best methods In culture management. ,Send to $5 100 $40 1.000.
G. Glen edition enlarged and rewritten throughnut)of the Catalotnie of his per or per
TAKER St. MaTV. Fla., for new ( I have known O.-D, Wilhite and know him to ,
to be reliable Have received buds from him to
Apply
: the past week in fine condition-Chas.Pugsley,
Mauuville,Florida. CHAS. T. VERBEKE, Sarno, Fla.
.





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290 THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.
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t: JAKFZFILYIZKJA. .


"':.
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;;. INDIAN BRANDS-These fertilizers contain the elements of plant life in their natural state just asp

;'. "j the nice hand of Nature has manufactured them from the plants themselves, not combined 'artificially

:,., with dangerous acids and alkalies. They produce good immediate results, and at the same time

I are a source of future available fertility to the soil. They are compounded according to formulas approved -

;. m by the experience and observation of twenty years..

'. ...
) .
: i '"' HIGH GRADE COMPLETE
"; ,... -- :=::-t:e::; -- Fruit and Vine Fertilizer. ORANGE TREE MANURE. Garden Truck Fertilizer.
;
,,,' -.-:::..-_- ,... Per cent. Percent.Ammonia Per centAmmonia .
4r : ___u Ammonia ........ .. .................... 3 to 4 ........ .... .............. ...... 5 to 6 ............ ..... ........ 4.50 to 5.25
uui6i1r+ "---a Avail. Phos. Acid.... ...... ........... 6 to 8 Avail Phos. Acid..,. .... ........... ... 7 to 9 Available Phosphoric Acid....,.... 8.2510 9.00
1 I' & Acid! Soluble Phos. Acid: ...,.. ......... 2 to 3 Acid Soluble Phos. Acid: .... ... .... .... 2 to 3 Insoluble Phosphoric Acid......,.. i.oo to :2.50
: V ..I' '-.:' TOta1P1109. Acid........... .... .......... 8 to 10 Total Phos Acid ..... ............ 10 to 12 Total Phosphoric Acid........ ..... 9.00 to II.00
;1 1% '' ?%t't' Actual Potash.... ...... ..*.. ............ 10 to 12 Actual Potash ................ .......... 3% 104% Potash(actual) ....... ...... .... 6.50 to 7.50
( a Gl R
,: PINg GROUND :BONg ,
;i Pure ill (' ?, ; i; Ammonia...... .....4 to 5 perct. I Phosphoric t............ 20 to 21 per ct. | Equal: Bone Phosphate...... 44 to 46 perct. '


::1 flatter Animal'irtilizers. IMPERIAL PLOWS, HARROWS AND CULTIVATORS.


\ Made of the best material by skilled mechanics, according to the

r IMPERIAL latest approved designs. The most economical, because the strongestand .
most durable.
'. Spring Tooth Lover Cultivator.
\ \
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..H"i.t'ot

PRICE, 7 Teeth, $8.00.
"
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lhllil
IIIIII II'II IIUIIlllll'! I llil '
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IIIIVilhlllllllll I Il I'' I I I II IL I I 'illlilllll ll IVNllinl hill '\,- 1: .

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This implement is very popular in all fruit-growing districts ; apple, peach, orange groves,
; tobacco and corn culture and for truck farming has no equal. Made with seven or" eight spring IMPERIAL PLOWS.
teeth. Easily adjusted for depth with lever from rear. Unloads trash ,readily ; stirs and pulverizes -
the ground thorou hly. Made of steel and malleable iron; finished nicely, and bound to giveJ No. 10. Chilled, weight 80 Ibs.........$9.00 No. 9. Chilled, weight 65 lbs ...... ......$7.00.
41 ..... .... I ...... ......
j IV", .' ,: -.. .satisfaction, i wherever used. Adjusted fof depth. ... I No. 8 50 lbs 6.00 No. 5. 46 Ibs. 5.00.
< :;' d- .. '. .
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."'.J.-,-- :.td"' .', "f'. '''". ",- ,,, : .., .1 .
: ; : '. :. ;;.:.. .. ; tI''r '
;" .>:P' .:'''' : .. .'.. -i2'Jo/., ; The teeth 8y inches long and fg inch square, are fastened to the cross bars? by clamps, and
can be raised or lowered to any degree of cut, or taken out for resharpening. ,The cross bars are
U shaped, the lightest and strongest shape known for a harrow bar, and are highly carbonizedto
add stiffness and prevent bending or getting out of shape. A forward movement of the handle
throws the teeth into a horizontal position, allowing the rubbish to escape. Brackets attached to
I each corner turn down when the teeth are out of the ground and make transportation over uu-
+. I*% plowed ground easy. Three feet nine inch sections, four bars each.
-
i ; : 0 _d One section, 24 teeth, y inch, cuts 3 feet 9 .$ 8.00.
, \_ ,1 = Two sections, 48 teeth, y inch,cuts.7 feet 6 15.00.
',' = These prices include draw bars. .
'
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t ,;", ,,,, 4.- Send for complete catalogue and price lists of Fertilizers, Agricultural Implements, Pumps,
; Hose, Pine Apple, Tomato and Berry'Crates, etc.
, ,1
,. g. : EAL :,

IMPERIAL STEEL U" BAR LEVER HARROW. J a.ckson:V i11e, Fi 1a.

4. .


very lowest would bring $2 per crate. One thing which is very gratifying, fully raised and marketed at a profit
State News. From these figures it will be seen that has been settled by the building of the several hundred fowls last year. He

--- this crop is a very profitable one.- Havana and Key West cigar factoryin says that he has found it more profit-
A''letter recently received by J. E. Titusville Star. West Tampa. The structure is able to raise fowls for the table rather

f Ingraham from down the east coast Mr. E. F. Sperry has quite a little made of brick manufactured by Brown than for laying purposes. Others have

shows that the people on Indian river, truck garden in the lot adjoining his &, Fraser, whose yard is located abouta taken the "chicken fever," and we pre-

especially in the neighborhood of Eau Pine street residence, and has been en- mile west of O'Halloran's factory, dict that the "fowl crop" will be much

Gallie, are making a specialty of bean joying beans, lettuce, peas, snap beans, and is trimmed with brick made at larger than in previous years. Hereis
raising with wonderful success so far. squashes, etc., from it on his table for CampVille near Ocala. It has hitherto where the lesson of the freeze comesin.

There were shipped from Eau Gallie some time past, but, perhaps, the most been the theory of architects that no It has caused growers to raise
station between April 4 to 19, inclu- remarkable product of his garden are sand could be found in this portion of many things that hitherto they did not

sive, 1,313 crates of beans, the most the large cultivated blackberries, with the State that could be used to burn a think of.-Marion Times.

of which were grown at Tropic. Dur- which his table has been supplied for .glaze on brick in the kiln and furnisha Dr. W. L. Moor, is a firm believerin

ing the same time the steamer Della, the past week. From a few vines, base for the adhesion of the clay. the merits of tobacco grown in this

carried to Cocoa 2,398 crates, which which he has growing in his yard, he But Brown & Fraser's experiment has county, and he has just cause. He
were grown at Tropic, Banyan and picked three quarts of fine ripe black- dispelled this idea, and hereafter Flor- has consummated a sale for 12,000

.. Brantley. The prices received by a berries, which have propagated and ida brick will bring a premium at least pounds of leaf and obtained very satis-
c' few of the growers were as follows : matured since the freeze of Februarylast. in the local markets. No more hand- factory prices for it. New York par-

R. J. Mather, 35 crates, average net When the freeze came the vines some, nor substantial l building can be ties were the buyers.Floridian.The .
$2.85 ; Benjamin Hilliard, 4 crates, were blooming and the fruit beginningto found in the city than the Havana and 1200 inhabitant hog and dog

shipped 6th inst., net $32.25 ; P. A. set; these blooms and budding fruit Key West Co's cigar factory.-Tampa law cannot include Carrabelle, as she

McMillan, 10 crates, net $59.90. were all killed, of course, and the ber- Tribune.Mr. has about 500 more than that numberof

Others have shipped with an averageof ries, which he is now enjoying,are from John Bentley has gone into the each, and an equal number of good
$2.90 per crate. This is a yield of blooms made since ''the cold snap.- chicken-raising business quite exten- citizens who can "pound" them.-Car-

$400 per acre net. This crop at the Orlando Reporter. sively again this year, having success,:! rabelle Times.






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82 YEAR. FLORIDA FARMER m FRUIT-GROWER. YEAR.



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PRESIDENT. ADAMS' ADDRESS.. belittle it as some do, it is a solemn economical production of a horticul- may look for a general transfer of the

fact that a terrible calamity has befal- tural product of the highest excellence.If swine business of the country to Flor

Ladies and Gentlemen of the Florida len the horticulture of our State. this is so, we all want to know it. ida. Here is another item from an-

State Horticultural Society : Now "Where are we at ? The If it is true that a man who spends half other agricultural paper, showing the

,Florida State Horticultural Society his time in growing pigs and peanutscan opulence that rewards presumably the
In the I had the honor
year 1854, should not approach that subject as grow fine fruit and successfully most successful farmer in St. Johns
to be elected of our
president That county an attorney advocating either side or compete with one who makes fine fruita county Florida, by diversification.
forty-
agricultural society. most was of that any particular view. We should sit life study, we want to know it. If a "I have invested $500 in cattle in
During
one years ago. in calm unbiased judgment and try man can market a few hundred boxesof the last twenty years and during the
it has been fortuneto
forty-one years, my and reach a sound sure answer. # fruit grown without special skill to same period have sold over $1,500
be connected with State
and National agricultural county and, horti- I believe civilized society as now or- as good advantage as a large and skill- worth and have to-day 200 head of

cultural in official ganized recognizes the propriety un- ful packer, we want to know that. We cattle. I own considerable land but

organizations an der certain circumstances of deceivingother want facts. If that is the way to do, have only twelve acres under culti-
In this line of duty it has
capacity. people. To deceive others in let us do it. If skill and study and la vation."
thus often that I had
very happened statesmanship is called diplomacy.To bor intelligently applied to fruitgrowing It also states that this man grows
occasions
something to say on public deceive the enemy in war is called will not pay, we want to.know that. fifteen bushels of corn per acre on an
and I that it has
been assure you at always such strategy. To deceive others in busi. It may not be out of the way to read average, and grows two acres of cane.

avery pleasant duty ness is called financiering. To deceive some extracts from the leading Florida Look at that In .twenty years
times to address brother tillers of
my in love is coquetry. To deceive press to show their position on Florida this unusually successful man, so
the soil. Especially has this been the
ourselves has no special nomenclaturebut horticulture. [We omit the extracts.] unsually successful, as to be held up
at the annual meetings of the
case
Florida State Horticultural Society for the general term idiocy will do These are fair examples of the tone as remarkable, has sold $1,000 worthof

our society and our business have very well. of the Florida Press. It is practically stock more than he has bought.

been such that it has been an 'unalloyed There, doubtless, are means of grace unanimous in the opinion that horti-- That is $50.00 a year for stock

provided for those who indulge in culture in this State is of such an extra sold. As the average value of live
to pride at
pleasure satisfaction express diplomacy, strategy, finance and even hazardous nature that it cannot be recommended stock in Florida is $6.35, his 200 headare
our past progress, at our but for deliberate and in- worth the munificent of
and bright'' for coquetry, to any one as a business.So sum
position hope
present our future advancement. tentional idiocy there can be no at- far I am not aware that any writer, $1,270 at the end of twenty years

tonement.In editorial or correspondent, has had i labor. It occurs to me that if orange-,
Representing as we have the most
approaching this subject of the the growing or other branch of
prominent industry of the State, one i. courage or disposition to disputethe any
future of Florida horticulture (whatever correctness of this position. But horticulture makes as discouraging a
that and
growing commanding
was else we may do) do not deceive' is it true ? Is it a fact that Florida showing "as Silvers' pig" or Masters'
increased attention it and
was easy ourselves. 1 horticulture as a business is doomed ? "cowsand, corn," we need to know it
pleasant talk .
Is it fact that henceforth Florida at once.
The optimist cannot be allowed to a
When I say for the last decade horticulture -
has been the most sit in this court: His place is in regions horticulture is to be only the tail of an Under present conditions our usual
prominent
kite ? Can it be that topics of how to plant and cultivate
industry of the State it is not said in above. The pessimist is disqualified. agricultural true .

disparagement of of her other ( His place is in regions the only business that ever gave Flor- and fertilize, and what to plant, prun-

industries. I any below. .In looking at the wrecks of ida a name and standing before the ing, marketing, transportation, etc.,will
great fully recognizethat world has been knocked out ? command abated interest. The first
our admire the who
groves we man
her is fine and her
cotton
tall her silky, has courage, but we lean upon and It has been horticulture almost exclusively thing is to find out if we have in Flor-
corn grows cane
grows that has the ida a substantial ,horticulture worthyof
the fact is that Flor- trust and follow the man who has dis brought great

.-r : ida's sweet,fame yet at home patent and abroad has cretion. The bull that, 'tried to butta stream of immigration to our State the name, and worthy the time,
,. ''the last Must study capital and effort of able industrious -
been builded and rests the delicious locomotive off the track had mag- dnring 25 years. we. ,
upon
endorse the of the State in prudent business men. If
,
,horticultural that nificent courage, but one with more now press
products only
Florida sunshine and Florida showerscan discretion now leads the herd. The its stand that Florida horticulture is we have such,a horticulture let us giveto

the of topics that usually have occupied our a failure except as an incident ? it our best _thought and deepest
bring to acme perfection.I
time' will have diminished interest. Shall we allow it to go out to the study, our untiring, unconquerable
know I was proud of our societyand The transportation and marketing of world. that anyone who settlesin energies, and restore it to, and raise it
of the interest whose
proud it great is. l'am that our orange,lemon and pineapple cropsare Florida must,grow what he eats for above, the position it has heretofore
representative sure
horticulture or other cash occupied'in the eyes of the world.
settled for the present. With any crops ,
pride was justifiable and commendable. If it is not such business if it is
to face conquerable obstacles cannot be depended on to buy food a ;
,
members in similar courage ?
know
I our were a with discretion to avoid irresistible for a,family ? We owe it to ourselvesand not. such an one as wise, prudent,
mind. In fact
of
state we were away disaster and unjustifiable risks, let us to our State to calmly and cour- able, business men can properly en-
and I reminded of
up high words of now am counsel together concerning the futureof ageously approach this subject and gage in; if thought and study and

these Shakespeare : Florida horticulture and whateverwe look it squarely in the face. If it is industry have not a reasonable opportunity -

Farewell 1 A long farewell to all my great- do let us not deceive ourselves. true'that we cannot rely upon horti-- for reward when appliedto

ness. culture with reasonable confidence to Florida horticulture, let us-let the
This is the .
now burning question.In
_ This is the state of man: to-day he puts
forth view of the recent disasters is it furnish cash for our necessities and world know it. The men engaged in

The tender leaves of hopes: to-morrow, judicious for a man to engage in Flor- reasonable luxuries; if we must dependon horticulture in Florida are capable of

-- blossoms. da horticulture ? peanuts, cow peas and razorbacksto bigger things, and a laudable ambi-

And bears his blushing honors thick upon Is Florida horticulture of such a eke out a subsistance, we want to tion impels them to strive for bigger

him. kind that a man will be justified in know it. We want to know it now. things than Silvers' pig or Master'scorn
, The third day comes a frost, a killing
frost, giving his capital and best thoughtand If an intending settler or friend and cows. The Florida horticulturist -

And when he thinks, good easy man, full energies to making it a business writes us inquiring as to the resourcesof is a man who has mind and

surely success ? There are thousands of the State, what shall we do or say ? ambition and self respect. He is and

His greatness is a-ripening-nips his root in Florida and elsewhere who Shall we send him a Florida paper ? knows that he is the equal in these respects -
And then he falls I do I have people
as ventured -
of the merchant
are anxious for an answer. One 'of our agricultural papers that lawyer, pro

Like little wanton boys that swim on The press of the State with practical advocates "diversification" as the fessor or manufacturer. He expectsto

bladders unanimity have already answeredthis panacea for all our ills, gave the following make as much money, to live in as

These many summers in a sea of glory; in the negative. Their verdict is item which may be useful to good houses, as well furnished and

But far beyond my depth: my high blown that Florida horticulture is so extra an intending settler as showing the enjoy as much of life and its comfortsand

pride indulged best that can be done with our superb educate his children as men in
At length broke under mo and now has hazardous that it should only be -
other If he do this he
callings. can
agricultural capabilities :
left me.Today in as a secondary crop after
instead of enjoying this op- producing something to eat. "Mr. D. C. Silvers killed a pig is satisfied. He will give his mind,

.portunity to address you, I approachthe In other words the tone of all the the other day that dressed 100 energy and study to the work. As

task with sadness and uncertainty Florida press seems to be that a man pounds. Mr. Silvers kept him in a Chicago rose from her baptism of fireso
will Florida rise from the devastation
I am at a loss what to say-but I am who spends a large part of his time pen and gave him proper attention." -

sure there are thousands in our State and thought and study in growingcorn When the people of the United of frost purified and exalted.

that are silently asking the question peanuts, chufas, razor-backs and States become generally informed .

"Where am I at? crab grass and a few oranges will that by keeping a pig in a pen and The bees have felt the loss of the

From my present point of view that be more wise and, consequently, more giving him proper attention we can orange blossoms and they have but

should be the first question answered successful than one who devotes his make him weigh the enormous avor- little honey yet; they are now swarm

,It > by this society. Disguise it as we may, entire energy and skill and time to the dupois of 100 pounds net, then we ing.PER .






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292 THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.



!1 DO NOT BUY FERTILIZERS :


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II Unless you know who you are dealing with. "CHEAP" Fertilizers are dear at any price. Our motto is, "GOOD FERTILIZER CHEAP," (riot
Cheap Fertilizers at Low Prices,) and we point with pride to the reputation attained by the LITTLE BROS.' Brands wherever used.
For,present conditions we recommend the use of the following brand described in our Circular Letter of December 31, 1894, and which has already
been used r"Trm'"rlj3STEYER: H

attention is also called to the following brand : i
.1 it.rri.Special
: DESPAIR
:R.1JC E'g ILI'ZgR.: j
Ammonia..6 to cent.
7 per
Available Phosphoric Acid..4 to 6 Ammonia..s i : to 4 per cent. ,
Potash, (Actual).............3 too AvallablePhosphorlcAcid..6t08II .
.
( ) ..4to6 r.
PRICE,. $32.00 Per Ton f. o. b,, Jacksonville. PRICE, $22.00 Per Ton, f. o. b., Jacksonville. : ",' ;:' j

Lowest prices on Cotton Seed Meal, Nitrate Soda, Sulphates and Muriates of Potash. Write us for prices on any thing you may need. I

LITTLE BROS'. FERTILIZER AND PHOSPHATE CO. 'JACKSONVILLE, FLA., I

.-.

Harvesting Le Conte Pears. different lengths. If branches pro- The Wonderful Cow Pea. asking them the basis of the statement
This pear is not understood from trude very far at top, and are curved, ,Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower. they made that the Wonderful and Un-
the fact of its being sent to market: place your one ladder against it, and a The agriculturists of Florida are not known were the same. They replied,
over-ripe, and trees growing naturallyso 16 or 20-feet at back of it. This formsa able to be the victims of deception or referring us to the statement of:another -
tall it is safe to say that one-half of pillar for your large one to rest on. fraud. This is doubly true at ,the pres- I station, but made no statement that
them go to market bruised and over- One man climbs the long ladder, while ent time. In these times of such extensive would lead us to think that the Geor- v .|:
ripe, as they are threshed from the the other holds the shorter one under advertising all persons are lia- gia 'station had made an actual test,
trees. This gives the pear a bad it-a perfect brace. All these lengthsof ble to be allured into purchasing arti- but simply made it on the basis of the "
name. I have adopted a plan of gath- ladders come into use in gathering.I cles, they could dispense with-and statement of some one else.
ering this pear by ladders, and although gather in half-bushel baskets, split things that are no better than they already We wrote this other station and
our trees have borne from fifteen wooden handles, cheap muslin tackedon have.It they gave us their data and givingthe
is well known fact that seeds of source'of their seed supply. From
to twenty bushels to the tree, topand the cloth around in the basket a
after gathering by my system there not tacked. This prevents all bruis- any plant ,taken to a different sectionof actual experience, we know that seed
the will often much of Wonderful from'the house that this
were not six pears to a tree droppedto ing. Strict injunctions are given to country develop
the ground (those that did drop each gatherer to have only one pear more vigor in growth. So well is this station obtained seed from, has turnedout
being given to the gatherers at end of in the hand at a time, and lay them in understood that farmers often exchangeseeds to be Unknown. Where strictly
picking). That this pear deserves baskets as carefully as if they were, of the same varieties, not more genuine seed is had there is ,no question -
proper attention: as a table pear I-can eggs. Consequently wrappers haveto than twenty miles distant, as by so do- I as to the distinctness of, the vari
now fully vouch for. On August 3d, do no sorting. Take No. 10 gal- ing their crops are increased. Any ety. The agricultural editor of the
I tried some that I had gathered and vanized wire 48 inches long, double it grain continuously planted in one sec- : Florida Citizen in a recent article,
kept naked (for seventeen days ; skin round, twist like a corkscrew 4 tion without exchange of seed deterio. says :
all green, quite sound at core, a fine inches in length in 'the centre, and ates.The I "This pea has been advertised with
mellow juice flowing from flesh,like turn up five inches from there, each person who is now so loud in great industry, but for once it may be
honey from the comb when pressed, end of the wire turned up like a hook. the praise of the Wonderful pea andis I fairly said that an article which is
y fresh, fine flavored and as if it were This holds the handle, of the basket, so extensively advertising the same, greatly'lauded by seedmen nursery
tinctured with juice of Beurre Superfin, being two of them, there is no dangerof claims to have discovered it, or hadit men comes up to the brag. It appears -
than which we have no finer; the slipping (where it is turned at 24 brought to his notice by a Virginia to be well established as 'a sep- .
aroma was as fine and the after taste inches),. The other end being double grower. Undoubtedly seed of a pea arate.variety, distinct from all others, .
equal, to it. LeConte gathered July has a bend of five inches, to hang on brought from Virginia would in some and exceeding all others as a rank
,3oth were a fine lemon color, but all ladder rung. Space between turned sections of Florida make a much more grower and a soil renovator. It is
gone at the core and rotten. It can wire to hold baskets, 3I2 inches.In vigorous growth than the same peas one of the wonders of horticultural .'
i be seen that this pear must be gath- planted from seed raised here in this botany that, of two peas almost iden-
ered when green to make it edible and packing boxes in cars lay them State. So people are decoyed into tical to all appearances (the Unknownand
first-class; then it equals any. I state lengthwise of breadth of car,leaving an buying a new name, and paying the Wonderful); one will grow a
this for growers and consumers.As air space of 4 inches at sides. Have double price for nothing new. The plant three or four times as.large, and
pine strips 2 inches wide and IZ inch Quadroon, Unknown and Wonderfulpea l yielding fully twice as much, seed as
LeConte pear trees are very thick on first layer of boxes, put this without doubt, are one and the the other. It must be due to' its superior -
t spreading at top when laden, get young strip on top, running tightly against same pea. The tests made by the power in condensing and assimilating -
; poplar trees (which naturally grow very sides of car, two to a box, i y2 inch State Experiment Stations have proven atmospheric nitrogen. It
straight) for ladders, longest 25 to 30 of strip on box drive; fasten with three this. grows so rank and sappy that it ,is :
feet long; take bark all off, rip them in nails to each box. Next layer of boxes Without further comment I will say difficult to cure it into hay without !
the centre; let each be 4 inches in diameter let this i 4 inch catch, after nailing to those who wish to be informed all losing a large proportion of its leaves, I II
at the bottom and 2 inches at on the other box. This is done about cow peas, send to the Georgia I for the'smaller,.kinds are hard enoughto
a the small end, 12 inches wide at bot- by nailer slipping his hand-ax under Experiment Station for Bulletin No. cure. But for a plant to shade'
tom, and tapering to 6 inches at top. the strip and raising it sufficient to 2 6. It is free and is worth many quickly and effectually a large area of
Rungs 16 inches apart. On top naila allow box to slide under it ; then tack' dollars to those who will read it. the soil which would otherwise be
slat 3 feet long, 3 inches wide, }I4 or it down to the'box. So on until car FRANCIS M.:' BUCK. I! sunburned, there is nothing superior.It .
i inch thick. One man carries it; in is loaded. This also allows plenty of Fruitland Park, Fla. is not so groveling as the Conch f -
it in the the branches air to circulate around the fruit. No I
"placing tree open .. pea in sending out its vines; the latter
,slide in the ladder edgewise. Whenin accident short of telescoping will disturb REPLY DY H. G. HASTINGS.In hug the ground so close that they can
position turn and let the flat side these boxes. I speak from expe- a recent article in THE FARMERAND be gathered for forage purposes only
rest against the tree, by so doing you rience, ,having had a car turned over FRUIT GROWER we branded, the by pulling up the hills only one at
break; no buds nor destroy leaves. On in an accident, and not a box out ofplace.Gerald' statement that the Unknown and Won- a time by hand. But the Wonderfulcan
the opposite side the same way. If the Howatt in Country derful pea are the same as false, and it be mown, unless-which is not -
ground is level, the two flat pieces rest Gentleman. seems necessary to again do it. necessary-it is planted so wide as to
1 against each other at top; this is not .. When we first tested Wonderful and force the vines to be entirely recum
f necessary to its perfect working, as by Unknown we tested Virginiagrownstock bent. The closer it is planted the
resting at or against any part of the Orange blooms are beginning to of Wonderful and North Carolina smaller will be the stems, and the
j other one will answer. A man beingon make their appearance in Crescent stock of Unknown, so that there more available for stock feed."
I each ladder it is steadied. In fact, City, and many of the old trees, with was but little difference in climate, so The Wonderful has been seen in
j the one braces the other. As to their new sprouts from the main branchesnot far as the,stalk growth was concerned, growth by representatives of the most
strength, I have had men weighing 175 more than ten inches long are beginning and there was a difference of 100 percent .I prominent agricultural journals and
I' pounds on each ladder, and gathering to show the, embryo flower.If in results obtained.We endorsed by them.
right and left of them. Have also you want to see some of them ask had some\ correspondence with As to difference in growth being due
//j ladders from 12 to 25 feet with the I Mr. J. R. Hill to show you his.-dres- experiment stations in regard to the to changing to seed from a distant
same strip on. I allow 4 feet in the ent City News. matter. We wrote the Georgia station locality, we have not found any differt.1 -

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.. .THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. 293

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ence between crops grown from Flor- to corn. Harvested the corn July moved last July, I cut,. in its season, round, acid Portugal and St. :Michael
ida and Virginia or Carolina stock 7th, pastured the ground'about a one ton of A No. i 'Florida clover. ]I oranges have produced most of the
t seed. week, then plowed it and on about put on this acre last year 800 poundsof sweet flavored, so called "Florida
: The whole controversy as to dis- one-third of it put the remainder of bone and blood and about 200 Round" oranges and seedlings of mul--
; tinctness of variety'has come through my peck of Wonderful Peas, and to pounds of sulphate of potash. The tifarious diversity. ,

: the selling of large quantities of Unknown the other two-thirds of an acre, put corn now growing there is good knee The Early Oblong, as found in the
I under the name of Wonderful the pea known as the Whippoorwill.I high and I used no fertilizer this old May's at Orange Mills
by certain dealers who took advan- sowed both varieties broadcast and spring. Pocket book got froze out. planted about grove 1824 by Zephaniah,
of the resemblance in the seed harrowed them in.
tage l!. S. HOWARD. Kingsley the slaver presumably with
and are again this season. So much Sorrento, Fla, ,
in and
They came good shape
up imported trees, is an oblong orange,
1 confusion has come in this way that grew rapidly and matured a few days peculiarly susceptible under high cul--
there is no safety in buying Wonderfulin after our big storm so that I had
Varieties of Oranges. ture to change of form from cross
/ the open markets, and especially so good weather to gather. It seemed pollenation, often ranging on the same
from merchants, unless their supply like a race between the two varietiesas As a large proportion of the budded tree from egg shaped to round and
comes from a source. known to have to which should get, the tallest, but orange trees of Florida have been destroyed even flattened in form, and with a

the true stock. at the time of the storm they stood by the late freezes, the question normal crop, packing more of the 250
An interesting statement as to the straight and good and about two feet of the most desirable, varieties for than any other size. Excepting
possibly -
Wonderful is made by one of our Wal- high. The Wonderful Pea and Whippoorwill re-budding is of paramount importance some of the mandarin class, it is .
do customers in a recent letter. He looked much alike as to in resurrecting the industry. This the earliest orange I have yet seen
states that he left the vines on the also gives an opportunity to replace the
shape and growth of vines, neither, that ripens with sweet juice, sweet tissues -
ground and plowed them under this them, except occasionally one threw sweet seedling trees that have proved and an agreeable acid Counterbalance -
. j past.winter, and planted this ground toany: special length. We concluded, unfruitful or unprofitable with quick of flavor.' The tree is a fair
.in English peas on February 12. We as near as possible, without measure bearing prolific) oranges.In grower and a moderate bearer, and if
quote a sentence from his letter: "I ment or weighing that the Wonderfulpea a report on nomencleture at the, the size of fruit were satisfactory,
am now shipping the peas, and I find was about 25 per cent greater 1894 meeting of the Florida State would be worthy of extensive propa-
more; than double the peas on the than the whippoorwill.I Horticultural Society, I listed 57 sub- gation.It .
where I the varieties of under four
ground grew Wonderful, oranges primary -
gathered none of the of either has also bad from
peas got a name
and.plowed it in, than on ground right varieties on the line of their deriva-
variety, but think the Wonderful pea buds having been taken from seed-
alongside that did not have the Wonderful tion by hybridizing from the wild un-
would have given about cent. of the
us the
25 per lings original trees results
it last edible citron Sweet China
on summer, all the ground species as or
more than the WhippoorwiJl. I under
peas organic fertilizing being coarse,
being fertilized the lime or Portugal
same. oranges oranges,
cut the vines when the peas were well thick-skinned, flat flavored fruit.
This Mr. shaddock or Malta and trifo-
O. Trow
grower was J. oranges
matured, but not fully ripe and judge
,
bridge, and he doubles his order of liata or mandarin oranges. The wild The Melitensis and Washington navels -
front the loads that I must have had I
last season for the Wonderful. citron having been the species that are very much alike in all their
one and a half tons. This fed to
was characteristics but reached this
The grower wants increased results, made the other wild fruits edible.I coun-
and that is my horses as hay. will devote article such of try from different! sources. They both
what he is getting from the .. now an. .to. .
Wonderful, regardless of the experi- i Possibly some of your readers, or these groups' in considering the merits are agreeably edible as soon ,as
.- ment station's statement.that Mr. Buck Mr. Hastings, can tell me on what of the oranges listed thereunder and colored sufficiently to ship, but in this
:' refers to. These stations are a long kind of soil and time of year, etc., I will close the series with a list of those State are usually fair growers and

''::" 'f/' way from being infallible, and we re- should plant this pea in order to get that through general adaptability poor bearers except when budded on
: ;. call to mind that one of these stations such results as predicted. I 'am impressed -I promise to have a standard market the rough lemon stock. I will not
;
.. ,"" -'that has pronounced these two varieties with the fact that had'I sown reputation like apples, pears or undertake to. prophesy whether orange
identical, also made the statement that Florida clover (beggar weed) on this peaches. growers will think itsafe hereafter to
acre, and on the half acre, that I would Under citron or Sweet China risk tender stocks for the sake of
weed
," beggar was of no value as a forage or-
; crop, while there is hardly a person have got more and better feed than the anges, I listed i, Sweet Seville (Im- growing a variety that 'to them is of
.> I in Florida that does not know that Wonderful and Whippoorwill peas gave perials), 2; Early Oblong, 3; Meli- poorer flavor and brings but a small
.. me, including the crab grass. For on tensis navel Washington navel advance over other good varieties nor
such
a statement is the rankest non- ; 5;
this half acre of potato ground this Whittaker 6 Nonpareil Parson will I take space to discuss the possi-
sense. H. G.. HASTINGS. ; 7;
,
beggar.. ,weed happened to be self-sowed Brown, 8;: Centennial, 9;: Old Vini, bility of improving the bearing ..habitwhich
., Another Experience. and covered about two rods square of 10; Dulcissima, 11; Circassian, 12; involves the question of pollen
Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower. ground, and got the best of the Wonderful Homosassa, 13; May's Best. and seed sterility, and the power of
Noticing the advertisement of Mr. pea and the crab grass, and The Sweet Seville that has been received the orange flower ovary to develop
Hastings the Wonderful Pea, and stood as thick as it well could grow from Louisiana, named Impe- into an edible fruit without pollena-
.' letters from parties who grew them and six feet high, and made the finest rial, is the earliest orange to sweeten tion.

:..'. last year, I wish to,give your readers' hay in the world. By the way, there' that has come under my observation.In The Whittaker is an orange that originated -
my expeiience, which is quite differ- came by chance, that is, self-planted, fact, the pulp never possesses any : on the Manatee river and is
ent. five melon vines on this half.acre of material amount of citric acid, the ve' nearly as early as Early Oblong. The

I bought of Mr. Hastings one'peck potato ground, and, in spite of the scicles in the green fruit gradually fill- tree is a vigorous, though thorny, grower -
of the Wonderful Pea, through our Wonderful pea, crab grass and Florida ing up with a bitterish sweet juice that, an early and good fruiter, and the
merchants, A. S. Matlack & Co. I clover, gave me over $5 worth of fine as the fruit gets yellow, gradually loses fruit is of very good quality. I have
had one-half acre of ground planted to melons. Fact is, Mr. Editor, I actu- the bitter, green, tissue flavor, and later not seen enough of it to recommed its
.
Irish potatoes. On this one-half acre ally gathered from one of the five !I in the season develops quite a high degree general culture, but it is worthy of ex-
I put one-half of a ton of blood and vines-noted because of its peculiar of the delicate essential oil aroma. perimental trial. The, Nonpareil, Parson -
', bone, and 240 lbs of sulphate of pot- shape, etc., (the other four vines be- This fruit, I think, should properlybe Brown and Centennial sweeten

ash. It may have been as late as ing Florida Favorites), twenty large compared with the sweet limes, differing -::very nearly together, and are fairly edible -
June, but I think the last of May, melons, not one of which-as I be- from them only in having the as soon as naturally colored on
after the removal of my potatoes. I lieve weighed l less than twenty poundsand round orange shape without the nipple the trees enough to ship on or about
cultivated the ground thoroughly, and as to the $5 00 worth'off the and the golden orange instead of the November i to 15. Nonpareil gets
with a hoe, planted two of these peas five vines-all I know is that at the lemon-colored peel. flabby and flat in flavor about February -
-- in a hill-rows 234 feet apart, and latter end of the season I sold at one The sweet limes are much enjoyedin 15 and Parson Brown a little later.

hills about 2 feet, or less. The peas time-$2.3o worth and the largest oneI India and tropical countries, but Centennial has the longest season of
came up in good time but grew very sold as low as 20 cents. I picked the acid fruit lovers of temperate cli- any orange I know of, as I have kepta
slowly, so slowly that by'and by the many a Florida Favorite off the four mates have not. yet acquired a taste for good quantity on the trees full of
crab grass actually got the start of the vines that was not less than two feet them, and this orange cannot be rec- juice till June. It is a seedling Rodi
peas, resulting, when I harvested the long, and they were of most delicious ommended for general commercial cul- orange', and a careful study of the Italian -
crop, last oC September, in getting flavor, so that the family and neigh- ture, though vigorous grower and Rodi exhibits, while j judging themat
about one ton of vines and hay. bors had many a treat. very good bearer. the World's Fair, convinced me that

On the 17th of July, I put the bal- This is quite a digression but my The Early Oblong, also called Sweet the Centennial contains the best qualities -
ance of the peck of peas on a piece of observation leads me to the decision Seville and Sugar of Seville, along the of the variety. The trees are vigorous -
ground, viz: I had a piece of ground that on rich soil, Florida' clover will St. Johns river, has had a marked in. growers, early and prolific bearers. -
-supposed to be more than ordinar- give us much more valuable feed per fluence in producing most of the sweet, The fruit, like Hart's Late, has
ily good-one acre. On this acre, I acre than cow peas.I early ripening local varieties of the rather tough tissues,but they are sweet
the first of March, I put 1300? poundsof have.a one acre cornfield, in corn State. It was undoubtedly one of the tasting, even when the oranges are
.
blood and bone and 440 poundsof three years now, in beggar weed ditto, best strains of oranges to be introduced still green, and the flavor of the juice,
sulphate of potash and planted it and after my corn was cut and re from Spain, and its crosses with the I. when ripe, is a standard of well bal-



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294 THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.
I 1 1I
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: A FERTILIZER TO SUIT THE TIMES : ; ,: *; ,;:


i "THE I IDEAL ,/ "i';':



I., ,. ,. _. :, .- .. .._ ; -,.' ._ _.. ,_ ,, .- ..- ...-_'. -_.-_ "r., .. ...-...'_" .

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i .
: FOR ORANGE TREES, VEGETABLES AND FIELD CROPS. :,:f

,
.' "
,. Ammonia, 4 1-2 to 5 1-2 per cent. .
Available Phosphoric Acid, 4 1-2 to 6 per cent. '
Potash Sulphate, 11 to 13 per cent.

Made Exclusively from Nitrate of Soda, Cotton Seed Meal, Blood and Bone, Acid Phosphate and Sulphate of Potash:

.F>>rice, $.:'.00 per Ton H*. O. ']3.I .


:f I We also have a large supply of J. H. Baker & Bro.'s Celebrated Complete Manures in stock. Also, Nitrate of Soda, Blood and Bone,

r Acid Phosphate, .Dissolved Bone, Selected Kentucky Tobacco Stems, Ground Tobacco Stems, Etc.

WE SEEK THE GROWERS DIRECT. LARGE STOCK, LOW PRICES.

!I Correspondence Solicited. _
ii t] wII4 SON: & Tooi. ri: ice, '
!I, Bright Cotton Seed Meal 1S2O.OO per ton.
Dark Cotton Seed Meal, 10.50 per ton. T\KEBS F'gR'X'II.tIZgR HOUSES OJ3 F'I.iOIr2II>A.
,: __ _
:I i,

t anced blending of sweet, acid and its other properties, if scattered near ning of the rainy season, then let''' the I of potash; all, except olives, bloomed
r bouquet. the trees, and even up to the trunks, grass and weeds grow undisturbeduntil heavily and shed every single fruit.
I; Like most other vigorous varieties over a mulching of vegetable matter fall. When they become dry After six years' experience I come
!! the fruit on small fast growing trees placed around the trees after a recent cut them into the soil with the-spa ding to the conclusion that I am where it is
;ii;i beginning to bear is apt for a year or hoeing, tend 'to gently stimulate and harrow. too cold for oranges and lemons. and
t'1 two to be rather coarse. The so-called strengthen the tree in its effort to recover 2. You may apply'the-land plaster as too hot for other fruits. Truly, "a
! early oranges are edible sooner than ? I applied land plaster broad- close to the trees and as freely as you wonderful country," as we hear in our
the midseason varieties, more from cast in January and February, but not choose, but we should not anticipateany weeklies so frequently.
lack of acid than from earlier coloringof nearer than three feet of the trees. particular benefits from it. A. KLEINOSCHEG.
peel and maturity of tissue and 3. On the old wood, defective in 3. No local application will help Sarasota, Fla.
which in all varieties excepting vigor of dark unhealthy Your somewhat sarcastic epigram
juice, appearance, the bark or the wood; you must workon
t. Hart's Late develop nearly together, and predisposed to vermin and insects, them through the medium of .the probably contains good deal of truth.
and sweet tasting tissues and_mild essential how ,would it do to apply spray of sap from the roots. Instead of sulphate That Is, it is at Sarasota undoubtedlytoo
oil are most important factors high grade sulphate of potash ? If so, of potash as a spray, use Eureka far south and too nearly tropical .
r: in early oranges. of what strength ? Would it injure Insecticide or the Bordeaux mixture in climate for pears and plums, which
: The other subvarieties of the list, new growth in case it reached it ? with the addition of paris green. The require a certain degree.of cold for the .
Old Vini, Dulcissima, Circassian, Ho- I have so far, used a spray from tobacco infusion would also be good. best results. We would advise you not
: mosassa and May's Best show a grad- tobacco, (stems soaked in cold water to bother any more with pears of any .
The best almost -
; ual increase of acid and consequent for a night or day) with fair results. 4 unanimous orange in their growers are to variety, but do not be too easily discouraged -
; later edibility till the acid is trans- 4. Should cow peas be planted in the cultivation of opposition in about Japanese plums. They
:. formed into sugar'merging graduallyinto bearing groves to secure humus where cowpeas groves. frequently cast all their fruit for-two or
said to breed insects which
the Portugal or midseason class. the land is capable of producing ordi- They are three years, but prove to be prolific
and the
the
leave
.\ All have merit and are types of numerous nary growth of grass and weeds? peas puncture bearers when they acquire sufficientage.
' other oranges of local celebrity What are the injurious effects of cow orange. As to olives, the fact was long
and are worthy of propagation. peas if any, or are they benefitted 5. You can not give the young ago established that they are not adapted -
Homosassa ranks highest in flavor.- without any injurious tendencies ? growth any wash which will add to its to Florida. Some people have an
E. S. Hubbard. in Florida Agriculturist 5. My groves have been usually vigor, except in so far as it destroysthe impression that whatever will flourish f

,. : kept in good condition before the scales. and- other. --vermin. This- in California will! l flourish in Florida i I
" -- freeze, largely from commercial fertilizers question is substantially answered in whereas their climates are very'diner-
Treatment of Convalescent Orange and now the majority of themare No. 3. ent. The olive needs a warm and'dry
;'.f Trees. snowing good vigor, and in.'many 6. You may select your leader or climate, while that of Florida is warm
Il Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: cases have new growth two and even the shoot from which you intend to and moist. I
: k I As a subscriber and reader of your three feet long. Such trees I presumenow recreate the tree as early as possible, As for oranges and lemons, this year, I
' ; valuable journal I have learned to need no fertilizing'stimulant'' or I and begin at once to thin out a little of course, was slightly "too cold" for '1
r value your opinions, and may I request special care, other than fair cultivation, immediately around it in order to pre- them about all over the State. But you i
I
l' your ideas and advice on the following trimming the young sprouts, and rid- vent it from growing long and spind-- will discover in your travels'over the ;
I
; points pertaining to orange culture: ding new wood of insects. What do ling. Further away from the leaderlet world that, while the rewards of fruit
f i. On bearing groves that have you consider the best spray for this the shoots grow all summer at their culture are great when it is successful, :
!' shown life and put out growth from new growth to keep it healthy, free own will. Lose no time in tying up its elements of uncertainty are numer- !
i four to twelve and fifteen feet what from vermin, and invigorated ? the leader for it will be exceedinglybrittle ous in all parts of the earth. Sarasota \
!! amount of f cultivation is necessary un- 6. When should the new growth be and tender and will be snapped is an untried locality,.but if you perse :'
i I der present conditions? I use the thinned out ? oft by the storms of the rainy season vere you will in time discover its adap-.
! Morgan spading harrows; have worked So far, I have all-even sourgrow.ing before you are aware of it. But do ,' tations. .,
j! over both ways, about a month ago. but intend commencing in June not confine it too rigidly, or else it' The two om Volusia I
[ The lands are yielding a good growthof and July to gradually reduce it, being may be broken off at the point of fas county were found voting on the side
grass and weeds. Would you cultivate careful to leave an abundance of it. I tening. of right and justice when the 500 inhabitant
+HM
i again during the summer, or mow Your attention, with suggestions of Off. hog law was passed by the ,
i'; down the growth with a mowing ma'I any kind will be most highly appreci Fruit Dropping lower house of the Florida legislature. i
j.i chine? If mown, should it be done ated.I Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: Messrs. Healy and Thayer voted
:j soon, or not until fall? had intended coming to the meet- Now that the Horticultural Societyis NO."-Coast Gazette.
v. On the northwest exposures II ing of the Horticultural Society and in session it is, perhaps, a good timeto i > <
': find the greatest damage done to trees I: having the pleasure of meeting you, hear if there is a way of making Mr. Jack Minor, of Ocoee, has sold
r/. from the freezes; they are later in put- but find it impossible this year. pears (LeConte), plums (Burbank and in Orlando about 5,ooo pounds of meal
, / ting out, not so vigorous, and the bark R. E. MIMS.Bonaventure all other varieties), apricots (Santa Fe ground with corn grown in Orange
j is dark and unhealthy in appearance. ,Fla. __ and others) hold their fruit, and make county. That's the kind of farmers ..
j Would land plaster*as,an absorbent of 'i. Our advice would be to con- olives (eight years old) begin fruiting.All we want in Florida;Orlando Sentinel -
j, gasses and retainer of moisture, with tinue the cultivation up to the begin- had high applications of sulphate ,

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FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. 295
J .
-
Flat Pea. lasting an indefinite number of years '
POPULAR POULTRY FARM
Editor:Farmer and Fruit Grower: when once established, it may be ,
Within the past four years the agri-- worth while to go to this expense in
cultural papers have made frequent order to get a field of it started. Time APOPKA. FLORIDA.
reference to this pea (Lathyrus silvcs- and work will tell.
Iris). Some enthusiastic statements of O. CLUTE. INDIAN GAMES.

its merits have appeared in the agri- Lake City, May r, 1895. Sharps and Imported. The best blood obtainable in the world. Can furnish Eggs from separate
cultural papers of Germany and Eng- 4 yards in one order.BLACK.
land. Experiments have been con- To Grow Oorn-"Rain or No Rain"
ducted with it at many of the experi- I have never known a seed that LANGSHANS. '.
ment stations in America with very varying would sprout or germinate without An exceedingly fine pen of exhibition birds. Have added fresh blood in the shape of thejbest: I
could buy from the breeders of the winners at Macon, Columbia, Kansas City and Madison Square
results. As soon as my atten- some moisture; in fact, moisture is all Garden, New York.BLACK .
tion was called to it, before there were that is needed to sprout seeds. Seeds
any statements in the papers about it, will sprout 'and come to the surface MINORCAS.One .
I procured a quantity of seed from a without drawing anything from the yard only; headed by a shapely and beautifully plumaged male, the best we could buy
dealer in London. The seed had been soil but moisture and heat ; then.they from one of New York's Famous .Breeders. Eggs limited. .

grown in Germany by Herr Wagner, need something else; a new process EGGS, PER SETTING, $2.00. TWO SETTINGS, $3.50.
the introducer of the takes place and the then .
plant. My new plant
experience Owing to the present condition of things in Florida we prepay the express at above prices.
with the plant in Michigan was, draws from the soil and atmosphere. Kggs from the three breeds in one order if you desire A copy of the best Poultry paper publishedwith
each order as long as they last. Have your order booked ahead and avoid delays. Why sendto
on the whole, favorable. I tried it for But after corn is well up, it can be Jerusalem or Halifax for eggs when as good cau be obtained in Florida at less money.guarantee .
three years. It grew well; it enduredthe cultivated with very little or no rain-
S. S. DeLANOY PROP.J .
severe winters; it gave an early occording to the nature of the soil- ,
and luxuriant growth of foliage; it and then yield surprisingly. You at j-We Eggs to arrive in good condition. .
yielded a fair amount of hay, whichwas once ask how it is done.
relished by stock. On my comingto Well, it is very simple, yet ibis done ter not plow at all than plow too wet no ill effects from blight will need be
Florida work was begun with this upon scientific principles. Nature and then let the hot sun pour down found in the ,orchards another year.
plant at the experiment station in makes the corn, but you must, under- upon it. In the light of recent experiencesin
Lake City. As the seed germinatevery stand her doings and give her the nec- In 1890, I cultivated four acres of a Florida, strong faith is set on pearsin
slowly, owing to a thick, hard cessary"material with which to work. fifty-acre field, (all in corn) and made Middle Florida as a less risky,
external coating, it seemed best to The material consists of a hard bottom more corn than the other fortysixacres much more readily accomplished, and
plant it in the early summer at the be- and plenty of loose soil. Investigation made. This may seem unreason- equally profitable pursuit with orange
ginning of the rainy season. This was has proven to me that a certain able to some, but I am responsible for growing anywhere in the State.-Tal-
done_ : The seed germinated well, came amount of moisture rises through the what I say, and should only be gladto lahasseean.
upi in from three to four weeks. Butas pores of the earth every night. Now produce any amount of evidence .
soon as the plants were up they were when the land is broken and planted, necessary. My four-acre "patch" was In the logging camps of Western
burned to death by the sun. Not a the moisture cannot rise any higher the wonder of the season. The other Florida it is customary, says an exchange -
single plant escaped. than to the depth to which the groundis forty-six acres were pulverized and the to put down drive wells for
Hoping by planting the seed in the broken, hence to begin with, we corn was planted near the surface, water, instead of depending on surface
fall or winter, to give the young plantsa must "lay off" the ground to be plantedto and on a fine, loose bed. Result very water from dug wells, streams or lakes.
chance to get well established before corn-very deep with a turning plow, plain to a thinking man. The season The result is that the loggers in_ western .
summer, I procured another supply of and drop the corn down on the hard was very dry and this corn "burnt up"in Florida camps are unusually
seed and began sowing in Octoberlast. ground. Cover as deep as you please, the hill. Again the same thingwas healthy, and seldom have malaria or
The sowings have been madeat not to exceed six inches. tried with like results. I never typhoid fever. The reason given for
different times until now. The Do not plow your corn until it is six fail to make/zorn if it comes up and this exemption is that after going be-
seed germinated well, and many of inches high, unless it becomes very gets fairly started to growing before low the surface several feet the bacte-
the young plants were looking well foul; then plow as deep as the groundwas the ground gets dry. Many: make the rial germs of the diseases named cease,
when the first great freeze came the broken, no deeper. mistake of plowing corn too young.If and the water brought up from a deep .
last of December. The plants were The other plowings should be frequent the weeds grow faster than the corn well is free from such germs. This''is
not killed by the freeze. From some and shallow, in order to keep use the hand hoe-pretty tedious butit declared to be true by Dr. A. C. Ab-
of the sowings the plants were not up the surface loose and free from weeds. saves money.-Southern Farm. I bott, in the address before the Wistar
at the time of the first freeze, but Mr. Wellborn is right, so far as corn Institute. All operators on the bot-
came up before the second' freeze in is concerned at least, when he says tom lands of the South should take a
February. All of the young plants roots will not catch in loose, fresh Pear Blight Gone. hint from this statement, and drive
again escaped any injury from the broken earth. Pears are as important a matter in wells for camp and mill use as a bev-
February freeze. Some seed, were So you see what roots your corn does the orchard economy of Leon countyas erage.
sown after the February freeze, which have are down in the ground where are oranges in southern parts of
came up more quickly than the first the moisture will reach them, and you Florida. At one time a great boom FtDRIDA REAL ESTATE
sowings, probably on account of the have no roots near the surface to be attended the Setting of pear orchards.
weather being warmer. withered by the scorching rays'of King They were found to strike readily Wanted in Exchange for Unencumbered -
The plants from the last sowing in Sol, thereby injuring the maturity of from cuttings, come into bearing at
January are now as large as those your corn. from seven to ten years, according to MASSACHUSETTS COTTAGE LOTS '
. sown in November. These plants Do not be afraid of plowing, no mat- culture given them, and to produce
will be carefully watched. throughout ter if the dust covers you, so you do from one to ten barrels per tree as at $100 Each.
the summer, and in the fall report will not plow too deep. The more you they advanced. An acre carried
be made as to the plant being good as plow the more open and loose the top I about fifty trees, and the outcome of
a forage crop in this State. It is soil will be, and the looser the soil the several years' experience was about $2 Near Station and Bathing Beach
hardly worth while for any parties to more moisture it will absorb from the net per barrel. An average acre at
plant the seed in Florida now excepta atmosphere. ten years brought $250 to $500 in -
few for trial. We know too little Keep weeds and grass down at all cash, along in July, when money was CHAPIN FARM\ AGENCY,
about it. events. It is surprising how much one otherwise scarce. Just as such pros- 3-23-tf St. Augustine, Fla.
I have a few four-year old plants, weed in or near a hill of corn will im- pects were beginning to arouse all
and a larger number of one-year old pede the maturity of the corn. More sorts of speculative ideas, the pear THE.IMPROVED
plants, which were sent to me from :. especially is this the case in time of blight made its appearance in Southern VICTOR
Michigan, which are growing well. droughts, when your crop needs all Georgia, and traveled slowly south-
Even if the plant will grow well in the plant.growing elements it can get. westward into Florida. Consternation INCUBATOR
. Florida it may not be a profitable one For the same reason that this meth- affected Leon orchardists as the r --- Hatches Absolutely Chickens solf-reirnlatlnff.by Steam.
to cultivaie, because of the expenseof od makes corn in, dry weather, it will plague came on, and despair filled the I I= The simplest, most reliable
ataandcheapestilrstclassfatcher
getting a start. It seems probablethat also make it in wet weather ; becausethe minds of many as it progressed. After losueI tn the market.')Circulars froo.
4cente. OEO. ItT. L&:CO., (lulncy, IlL
it will be best to grow the young roots of the corn are down on the three years the disease wave has passed
plants very thickly in beds for the first hard ground where these pores carry over us. The damage is found to be l<'romthefinestfowlsln
year, and then transplant to the field off the surplus of water from about the trifling. A few trees are dead. All EGGS. defy the went coiiiom,at etlLion prices, 42 that va- .
where they are to remain. It may be roots-no roots will appear except near are more or less misshapen by loss of Q '\ Before buying,rletlos,8corlnglHto08 do not fall to get) our}$.
that to grow the plant and to trans- the hard ground, when corn is treatedin wood, but so vigorous is the recupera- contains finely Illustrated J'cmedlell.l'eclpes 10 pace catalogue.and much It
plant them will make an expensivejob this manner. tive power of the Chinese family of etc.Information robtpald you only should 6 cents.have, prices
,- Still, as the plant is a perennial, Do not plow your land too wet; bet- pears that indications are that little or Dower Ilarr,Box 3 3 Dakota*..DLTHR



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296 THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.

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Flowers that Bloom. exhibition this coming fall exhibits of the flap and bind it, also the front of

Our Rural Home. Mrs. Minnie Gilmore Mills! : Southern.made perfumery will be opening and bag, with black worsted

DEAR l\iADAM-I have been greatly given, and interesting lectures pre- braid which has previously been wet

Edited by MINNIE GILMORE MILLS, interested in reading your letters in pared for those wishing to go into the to prevent shrinking and puckeringthe

St. Thomas. Fla. the Fruit Grower. In a late number business. Men women and children edges of the bag.

could find good employment in this Initials be worked on the flap. J
Vines: Their Uses and Abuses. II. you inquire if any one has succeededin may
Florida with perennial phlox. I branch of flower farming if they understood On the front of the bag trace a tub

It is a difficult thing to advise one from New and have' the work of extracting the and washboard with a quaint little
came Hampshire
about planting vines-which to grow and, been cultivating flowers all my long essences from the flower bloom. girl in apron and sleeves rolled up
and which to discard-in a state
The common method of extractingthe rubbing out the clothes.
and have triedso
life
innumerable varieties (am nearly 78)),
climate where of the beautiful flowers that perfumery in this ,country is to Work the initials and the outline
with- many
flourish for the simple planting, there without trouble onlyto make layers of beef tallow and blooms design with Roman floss 2000, or if a
and others grew any ,
out the least after care, find failures here. The and then cut up the tallow and soakit heavier effect is desired Asiatic rope
for they were I
thrive and bloom beautifully them.very phlox is one of them, I did have a in alcohol. An air tight box silk of the same number may be used

little attention bestowed upon builds his few blossoms then they died. Holly- should be first provided, and panes of for a part of the work.

When the new settler hocks fleurdelis a glass that will just fit into it. The Slip a rod (a piece of a broom han-
mansioninfact larkspurs, grew
.house, be it cottage or house is built little while and died without blossom- tallow: is laid upon the glass, and the dle will do) into the tuck stitched for ;'

even before ,the did blossom once I Blooms of the flowers, gathered earlyin it between the bag and the flap and I
is down ing. Day lily ;
forest tree usually cut
every fire cumberer think it is dead as it hasn't come up the morning as soon as the dew is screw two screw eyes into it to hang I
the
and"cast into as a I
this does dried off, are strewn thickly upon the the bag by.
there is spring. Amaryllis Johnsonia
of the ground. Unless posi- i
the surface. Then a layer of mutton The black figures are very effective
well it is in the under
this wholesale destruction ; ground a grape
need for -
tive arbor blossoms all sum suet or beef tallow cut into small on the linen and one does nof tire of
the taste of ; occasionally
it seems that good is Lemon lilyis pieces is spread over the blooms. them as soon as of bright colors.R. .
it. But mer, blossoming now.
the owner ought to prevent
budded is budded Another pane of glass is placed on E. M.
be ; gladiolus ;
the must broughtinto
frequently ground j ,
cultivation as speedily as possibleso some of the bulbs do very well here, top of this, then a.layer of blooms and -eNotes +

others little while then die.I tallow as before. This operation is of Florida Travel.
of the and still grow a
the roots pine, many
repeated until the box is full. Shutit
more desirable trees must be eradicated. do love them so I keep trying. On our way home we stopped at a

However that may' be, the first Last year I got one tulip blossom anda up tight and place it in some cool, pretty little point called Orchid ; andit
dark In
thing the housewife begins to consider, few hyacinths. This spring the even-temperatured room. was quite an agreeable surprise to
to hours the tallow will have
almost sun beams new bulbs show only leaves, but thereare 24 36 find out in the wilderness a
when an tropical away ,
absorbed all of the odor of the blooms.
down upon the defenseless shell of a so many beauitiful things which pretty little home full of books, magazines -
Pick blooms and them
house it is for some grow here, that I don't mean to com- new place and periodicals presided over
(as generally ,
where the old off
months, left in an unfinished state), is plain, only the flowers that I once ones were, throwing by a newly married couple-Mr. and
the latter and the tallow to
shade. One of the best, if not the grew, like old friends, I should loveto exposing Mrs. Forester. In their beautiful

best vine .I ,know of for this house, is see again. I wanted to tell you I. the air as little as possible. Then garden, watered by an everflowing
close the box for another
the Florida velvet bean. It grows how pleased I am with your letters, up day. artesian well, we found orange trees
The tallow when in alcohol
rapidly, making good shade, under so trouble you with this. Yours truly, placed containing leaves, blossoms, and fruitin
and bottled will make good perfumeryin
favorable conditions. If I recollect MRS., A.DuNCAN.Keene limited quantity, unharmed by
i8, a day or two. The pieces of tallow -
.Hillsboro Co. Florida April IS95.
right in less than six weeks. Later it either the first or 'second freeze. This ,
-4 be removed in few
blooms profusely, the flowers'hanging ..... Flower Farming. and-the can will be a ready days for little[ bit of. Eden is protected'by both
perfumery '
in huge clusters, being thick, waxy Why the manufacture of perfumeryis bottling.A water and the great tall spreading

looking, purple and white, somethinglike confined largely to the old world prepared made of half palm-trees. It is on a' strip of land
the bean. grease between Indian River arid the ocean-
Hyacinth when we have such an abundance of mutton suet and half beef tallow
,
verandas added fo the beach. We also beans under'the
After saw
are flowers growing in this is a
country melted down and fused together .gives
and other vines of more aris- protection of the palm-trees that had
building mystery., More flowers are raised for better results than either one used ,
tocratic lineage are planted, the bean and passed the ordeal of bothfrosts. This
plant use, boquets general per alone, and one can make, this greaseat
be discarded but will would not have been sufficient how-
generallyshow
may ; sonal and indoor decoration in this home. The perfumery made in ,
its gratitude by springing up in than else the ever, were it not for the water on each
country anywhere on this if good sells fairly well in
fence and way, side of it. The has been named"Orchid"
the stable-yard or corners The flower is place I
globe. farming an the market, and the cost is very little,
climbing around any and every sup- and winter because tropical plants like
enormous industry summer that required to raise the flow-
port, still reminds us of the earlier days near our large cities, and thousands of except ers.-American Cultivator. the orchid here find a safe place to

with its lovely blossoms. and thrive ordinarily. The plan
men, women and even children make i grow I
Rhyncospermum jasminoides is(particularly considerable money out of it. The of irrigation here is to have the arte-

if name goes for anything) American-grown flowers surpass in Picture Throw.For sian-well pipe come up in the centerof

a more pretentious vine; it is a beautiful many respects those of Europe. Our Our Rural Home.and the garden, say four or five feet

evergreen climber, usually, (or systems of cultivation are superior to A very pretty inexpensive be made of pic- above the general level ; then, to

often) called "Star Jasmine. ; with those formerly practiced by European ture throw of muslin.may As the muslinis a avoid the expense of more iron pipe

f small glossy leaves and loose panicles gardeners.But fine.quality for conductors, the sand is banked up
six inches wide
f of little snowy flowers ; of a most a branch of flower gardeningthat thirty or thirty is sufficient eight for nearly to the top of the pipe ; and, in I

I graceful habit and enduring the sever- has never received adequate development one half yard one the top of this ridge of. sand a little I

i est ,cold, (as I gladly testify) without in this country is that which throw. hem each ditch is made with a gradual incline. i

I changing the hue of foliage or losinga relates to perfumery. 'Nearly all of Hemstitch finish a the narrow ends on witha This takes the water off in different di-
and
leaf. This vine disputes the right to the perfume essences used in this side about selvage and rections across the garden ; and with '.

the "blue ribbon" with the Mexican or country are imported from France or fine inches silk fringe wide. two one sand ridges to hold the water it'is conj j

'Madeira\ vine, in my estimation, whichis the Oriential countries. The annual half ducted between the furrows where !
Paint cluster of fuschias
too well known to need description, amount runs up into the millions, and end a and few buds pink and leaves on they want it. Of course, much water I

both here and further North. When meanwhile millions of blooms throughout one a on is wasted by leaking through the sandy :
the muslin white
these are planted together they makeas this country are going to waste the other. Lay and over in the loam ; but the artesian well gives such
blotting paper use megilp 1
dense a shade as anyone desires fora daily in the summer season. In the an unlimited supply from a four-inch

veranda or over windows and doors. Southern States the manufacture of paint as a dryer. pipe'that it can waste all it wants to.
Tie the throw with two inch ribbonto
During mild winters the Madeira vine perfumery should long since have beena match the fuschias. Of course, when the garden shall have
'
proves to be evergreen ; but when it prominent industry. Flowers can increased so that.it becomes an objectto
does the decora-
drops its leaves in the fall, as it is nat- be made to yield enormous quantitiesof If one be done not paint with, the needle utilize all the wateriron pipes

deciduous the vivid tion may will take the of the
urally jasmine's blooms nine months out of the using Asiatic filo which in all probably place

green'changes not, either leaf or stem, year. Even in the Northern States colors and shades. comes R. E. M.' ditches on the top of the sand ridges.-
;
which makes the combination a Gleanings in Bee Culture.
very plenty of flowers can be produced at <<

;,:: desirable one., nominal cost. Laundry Bag. <<

I'. M. G. M. The trouble*has been not the lack For Our Rural Home.. The question as to where these desiring -

i. [Concluded Next Week,] of flower blooms, but the lack of the This very useful article may be to put out young groves were to

9 yr proper method of extracting the essen. made of brown linen. get their\.stock has been settled. The

{;. It is a fine thing to blend a thrifty ces. Dealers in perfumery in this Eighteen inches wide by twentysix seed from the frozen fruit which drop-

!, seedling below the surface, but when : country are willing to take American- long is a good size. Allow eight ped from the trees have sprouted, and

j! it comes to trying to blend one that is made perfumery if it is equal in quality inches at top of back for a flap and there will be an abundance of young

t, nearly dead, it is the height of folly. to.the imported. At the Atlanta hem for rod. Round the corners of trees another year.-Gainesville Sun.

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t THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. 297 'if

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1 r.: '.,': Tomato Recipes. teaspoonfuls each of cinnamon cloves and .
: ,
. HAM MAR Costs LESS than Paint S P. White Lead.
"v : Canned Tomtaoes.-These be allspice in a kettle. Boil the syrup ten "Cheap" or ,

,:" .,.. prepared in precisely the may minutes, then put in 20 pounds of ripe tomatoes P Write for Book on Painting and Color Card, FREIS. If
same as
way that have been not on sale in your town we will quote price delivered
directed for fruit 301 peeled. Boil until A I N T
preserving on page thick freight prepaid, and send written guarantee for five years.
of January number, or in this way: Scald stirring often. F. HAM MAR PAINT CO. SPRUCE ST., ST. LOUIS, MO. .\
Green
the tomatoes, and remove the skins. Put Tomato Sweet Pickles.-Twelve

them in a porcelain-lined kettle, and pounds of sliced green tomatoes, G poundsof 'I

simmer half an hour. Pour into glass sugar,3 pints of best vinegar, one heap- ,

jars, which have been well warmed and ing teaspoonful of cinnamon, one level

scalded, while boiling hot, and seal. They teaspoonful of allspice, and one level tea- EVAPORATE YOUR FRUIT /d

may bo seasoned with salt and pepper spoonful of mace. Stir the tomatoes and t

before they are canned, if preferred, but sugar together, and cook slo\vlyone hour, : fr I
.- this is only a matter'of taste. being careful not to let them scorch; then 'I ,r

Tomato Jam.-Stew peeled ripe toma- add the other ingredients and cook halfan !

toes until thick with two-thirds their hour. ThTHO7VVEII
Tomato Preserves.-Peel 7 pounds of
weight of white sugar. When half done,
flavor with sliced lemons, after all seeds the yellow egg tomatoes and mix in with ,

have been removed. Remove the slicesof them 7 pounds of sugar and the juice of I

lemon when the jam is placed in ajar 3 lemons. Let them stand over night. /i' ,, 1 WITH THE
or glasses.JellyCut. Drain off the syrup in the morning and ; N

two gallons of ripe tomatoes boil it, skimming well. When if is thick I'I' IUPIIiIIVIIIII IIIIIiiIIIIIINN.II I I. IIaI Iau'mIIIIpll' ,? ,,,

"' in small pieces boil and strain when soft put in the tomatoes and boil gently twen- IIIIII dilNl41'INIIInVPI' '] ,: .,
; D S S. C Cook 1 Stove Drier.
'- do not put in any water. Add one pin ty minutes. Take out the tomatoes and I u Il I, 9 1i111P IIII INNIIININUIIININIINIIId nuoullnII. I,INgIpNpIpiI ,, a o a

of sugar to one pint of juice, and boil put them in glass jars. Boil the syrup I II NIIIIIIIN lIIIIh'I1HIlu' VIII IIII IIIIII "' '"I''

until it jellies. Put in sliced lemon down until thick, and just before it is ,NIIINIIIIIIIIIIIININIIII''' II N '" m"IM.e"I. ,," '111''

when about half done. taken up add the juice of 3 lemons. Fill I 111'11 II I VIII'' 1111111 "'"". ,I.IV I I',"muH",,, '? :
I Tomato Butter.-For 20 pounds of to- the jars with the syrup boiling hot, and

matoes, use 8 pounds of sugar, 4 pounds seal. : Hundreds>I of Dollars Worthof
of sour apples, the juice of four lemons, Note.-For sealing jars, etc, nothing is
T and one tablespoonful of powdered gin- more effective or handier than tough paper -
Pnlit Gall be Balled
ger. Peel the tomatoes, and cook them dipped in melted parafine wax, which ,

with the pared, cored, and quartered should not be expensive. The wax is
: *apples one hour ; then add the sugar, melted in a shallow dish, and the paper -- with this Machine
dipped iu it and applied while hot, and j
:
lemon and Cook
juice, ginger. slowly tied down. The result is'an air-tight seal ilNNl lNIU I _; I I I I NI I IPIII III I,, >; Year.
,. until it is thick. It may be put'in glasses ; il llllll I l I II IN Eueru
like jelly, or in jars. Cover with two a protective covering of brown paper I II h C I I
should be applied afterwards.-Garden I I I I I
thicknesses of tough paper, wet the top I l i
with the white of an egg or dip it in and Field. 3;' I, I IIII I +iIIf! igl u I' I: I .
a < I
melted parafine wax, which is both taste- How's This I J;II I 1 u 41 C 1
II!
' less and oderless- and renders paper water =_ To meet the demand for a Small, Cheap'

and air-proof. and when dry place in a We offer One Hudred Dollars Rewardfor Drier, suitable for use on any Ordinary Cook,

cool, dark place to keep. If one objects' cured any by case Hall's of Catarrh Catarrh Cure.F. that. cannot be I ;, r uir ift! +!!h! 'aG, III'' Oil or Gasoline Stove, we now offer the
to the seeds, the tomatoes be run
may
J. CHENEY & CO. above. It is very Simple, Economical, Efficient -
:( 1r'Illlltliri
through a wire seive before putting in i 'I I I !!I'irr''riwrNl.l! u'' t !
the sugar and lemon juice. This is ex Props., Toledo, 0. f d'wy'' ( !:!r !(+[:,!!t ull' and Convenient and for Farmers' Use
Wo the have known,F.J.
: cellent. undersigned, +, Just What is Wanted, and we believe The
'," Tomato Pickle.-Slice two of Cheney for the last 15 years, and believe ,1
: gallons 9il _
Cheapest and Best little Dryer of its class on
him honorable in all business
perfectly
'green tomatoes, small ones are best, and I -
transactions and financially able to l the Market.
stir, 'one cup of salt into them. Let carry

. .::', them stand over night, drain them in the out any obligation made by their firm.
WEST, & TUTJAX,
-- and add of
-
cup morning of grated horse-radish one cup twelve sugar small, one Wholesale Druggists, Toledo,0. $a50 IN VALUE FOR $6 OO

green peppers, ten onions peeled and WALDINO, KUWAIT & MARVIN, .
Wholesale Druggists, Toledo, O.Hall's .
sliced, two tablespoonfuls of cloves, and
I
Catarrh Cure is taken internally,
of cinnamon. Cover
two tablespoonfuls enabled to offer the U. S. COOK STOVE DRIER, the
acting directly upon the blood and mu- Through a special arrangement we are '
with cider and boil until
done.good vinegar cous surfaces of the system. Price 75c. regular price which is $7, for only $6, together wtih a YEAR'S SUBSCRIPTION TO THE

bottle. Sold by all Druggists. Testi- FAKMKK! AND FRUIT! GROWER, regular price $2.00.
Tomato Honey.-Boil one pound of per To any one sending a Club of 6 Yearly Subscribers to the FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER at
sliced yellow tomatoes and one grated monials free. $2 each, or 4 Subscribers and $2 in Money, we will send one of the Driers Free.
-> < Subscribers in a club who wish to take advantage of anybook 'premiums> or others offered to
until and
lemon peel together quite soft, No SAFEK OR MORE\ EFFICACIOUS REMEDY subscribers count the same as those taking the FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER only.
squeeze through a jelly bag. If heated can be had for Coughs, or any troubleof Mr. Thomas Millen of Glen St. Mary, Fla? has used this Drier and writes : "It does good work
very slowly at first, until the juice beginsto the throat than JKrown's Bronchial for the cost of it."

run from the tomatoes, it will not be I Troches." '
to add water. Then to one' Galvanized Wire Cloth IT flS THE GREATEST LITTLE BREAD
necessary any This Drier has eight WINNER ON THE MARKET.Its .
pound of juice, add one pound of sugar Trays containing 12 square feet of tray surface.
The dimensions, base 22XI6 inches height 26 capacity is ample for Domestic use, being
and the of lemon. Boil until ORANGE GROWERS
juice one as inches Sent by freight at receivers expense. greater than some machines which sell for Fif-
thick as jelly, put into glasses and cover Weight, crated, about 27 pounds. I teen or Twenty dollars, It is always ready for
the machineon
of
- immediate use. The working
with paper. ATTENTION It is always ready for use and will last a life sundry fruits berries, elc., satisfies us'that it
- Ripe Tomato Pickles.-Seven Sounds time. Has been thoroughly tested and approved, will happily fill a want our correspondents have
of ripe tomatoes, peeled and :t and will more than please you. As a great urged upon us to supply.
and Economizer and Moneymaker for Rural peopleit
and one-half pounds of sugar, one with pint of vinegar. Boil until quite thick. I am able to supply you Orange and Lemon is without a rival. TO TIlE( LADIES country. It is a little Gold

This will be improved by skimming out bud wood of standard varieties, such asH With it you can at, odd times, summer or win- Mine. Thousands of careful, prudent household
lllT'S T..11lDIPl., ter, evaporate enough wasting fruit, etc., for managers, who have no time nor necessity to
part of the seeds while,cooking. Md JO1I 0..1, family use. and enough to sell or exchange for engage in evaporating fruit for market as a bus-
, Tomato Catsup. -Cook ripe tomatoes ,,1lUllY.J..ll. all or the greater part of your groceries,* and in iness, but who have frequent use for just such an
and run through a sieve to remove the /l./.I. fact household expenses. No labor on the farm article as this for making smaller quantities of
SJINl./'Oln'S MEDITEllltANlSA, will pay better or as well, as that of converting. dried fruit, berries, and vegetables for their own
seeds. Then to one gallon of the juice and your wasting fruits into evaporated stock. The use or for sale will find it |the most satisfactoryand
pulp add one pound of brown sugar, one AIiTA) JiZOOJ. berries, pears, plums, etc., if evaporated, will sell profitable investment! they could make. A
quart of good vinegar, one ounce of black MJ'Jl. SWJSJ'JT, or exchange pound for pound for butter, granu- lady can easily lift it on and off the stove, as it
ST. ltCIOlT Eli, lated sugar or most groceries, while evaporated weighs but about Twenty Pounds. It has inter-
pepper, six onions (boiled and sifted), one DANVY T..INGl.lJllINE.OlfIN..l guavas, sweet corn or peaches bring good prices changable galvanized wire cloth trays which
tablespoonful af allspice, one teaspoonfulof MANDA11IN, Etc., If you have only a few trees in your yard or will not rust or discolor the fruit, etc., and will
cloves, and one teaspoonful of cayenne At the following prices; town lot, one of the U, S. Cook Stove Driers will last for years, It is made of iron, except tray
enable you at odd hours to evaporate enough frames and supports. Can be used for broiling
pepper. Salt may be added or not, as you 1000, $5.00; 3000 $12.00; 6000 $20.00. fruit for family use and enough to sell or exchange beef steak, fish, etc., using but the lower tray for

prefer. Boil the pulp, vinegar and sugar WITH ORDER.In for the greater part of your groceries. this purpose.
together half an hour, add the spices, and CASH

boil half away. Seal, and keep in a cool, Demons, Lisbon, Villa Franca, Eureka, at Address all orders

dark place. same prices.Buds delivered. without further cost to you and toFARMER GROWER
FRUIT
Tomato Figs.-Scald and peel small guaranteed to arrive hi fine order. Orders $ ,
yellow tomatoes; to 8 pounds allow 8 booked now for June delivery. Address,

pounds of sugar; put together in the C. S. BURGESS, Jctol ;:gon'T111: :F'10r.ldo..

enamelled pan without water, cook slow- Riverside Nurseries,

ly until the sugar dissolves and,the toma- Riverside, Cal.
Growers' Bank, Riverside, PETTSEJUB..Gr: --FENNSYx..V=11.
Reference.-Orange : ;
toes clear. Take the tomatoes out
are
if wanted.
Cal, Florida reference given
spread on large dishes, and set in the sun
to dry. ,Boil the syrup down until thick, Somers :Brother & Co. csT8r'6s.HED'

and pour over the tomatoes as fast-as it WOVEN WIRE FGNQE38881 .

dries until it is all used. Pack in boxes 1orse high.bull strong
pIg and chicken tlgbt. Commission Fruits and ,Produce.
in layers, with powdered sugar betweenthe i Make It yourself fo13'to20a
layers. Of course,tho tomatoes shouldbe 4fi at<9 Merchants.

thoroughly dry before packing them. styles. A man an toy Ctl.lUilakO Refer to Banks, Mercantile Agencies and 1 the business community of Western Pennsylvania: .
Spiced Tomatoes.-Put two quarts of KIT8ELMA Oto6Orodaaday._ catalOKfree.BROS.RldgevHie, Ind.. :Market Reports, special to regular shippers, shipping stencils, stamps, etc., fur-
freeouapplication. INQUIRIES AND CORRESPONDENCE: INVITED
vinegar pounds of sugar and four level



... .. f r.-f. ) 9S ."..".'t.'t'-r..W' ,'''', .
:'fq ..f .
; ..
.'f .' ..'. .; ':; .; ',' '.,Ii', ." <. ..,:....j I': :

.

.


,

298 THE FLORIDA FARMER AND PBUIT-GROWEB.
S f
.
CONTENTS. temperature .went as low as 7 degrees The freezes of 1894-5 appear to have upon in especially favorable and pro-

,'. State. ...... ............ ........ 290 above zero. John Lee Williams writ- pretty generally killed down lemon tected locations north of 28.
I State Horticultural Society-President Ad- ing in 1837, gives the following account trees, grape fruit and young '''budded Nursery stock and budded fruit

ams' Address................... ......... 291 of the great freeze of February stock and many large trees; but, according not well matured is, of course, liableto
J Harvesting the LeConte Pear; The Wonderful 1835 : to present appearance old be killed'when the temperature
, Pea..... ................... ........... 292 "A severe northwest wind blew ten bearing trees will fruit for part of a goes as low as in the recent freeze.
3i Another Experience; Varieties of Oranges.. 293 days succession, but more violentfor crop the coming year. The follow- The fruit on the trees will be hurt
of Convalescent Trees
: Treatment Orange ;
:::. Fruit Dropping Off........... ........... 294 about three days. During this pe- ing table gives the comparative tem- by cold, whenever the temperaturegoes
-;: Flat Pea;'To Grow Corn, Rain or No Rain; riod the mercury was 7 below zero. perature in 1886, 1894 and 1895 at for several hours below 26,

".... T' Pear Blight Gone........................... 295 (This is undoubtedly an error, and different points in Florida, so far as sometimes only partially chilled and
a OUR RURAL HOME-Vines, Their Uses and I should read above zero instead of be- we have been able to obtain reliable. rendered lighter, ,or, as in the recent
a': Abuses; Flowers That Bloom; Flower low.) The St. Johns river was frozen data: freeze when the temperature was, at
'. Picture Throw Notes of Florida -
Farming
'. Travel.; ............ ....;...:............. 296 several rods from the shore, and afforded Record of temperature official, and some points as low as 14, and virtu-
: Tomato Recipes................ ............. 297 the inhabitants a spectacle as reported, at date of freezes of 1886, ally destroyed, because no large
:.:. The Greater and Lesser Freezes of Florida new as it was distressing. All kinds of 1894 and 1895 : amount of frozen fruits could ever be
';. In a Century................................. 298 fruit were killed to the ground. Manyof Jan. 12, Dec. 29Feb., 8, marketed to advantage.After .
t Markets... .............. .......... .......1.... 299 1880. 1894. 1895.. any
. them never started again, even from the freeze of December 29th,
New Potatoes in New York; Business No. Jacksonville 15 .14 .14
. deg dog deg.
tires; An Explosive Fruit.:................. 300 the roots. The wild groves suffered Lake City deg .17 deg .15 deg. 1894, the condition of the trees was
, A Dade Pinery................ ........... ...... 301 equally with those cultivated as far Tallahassee deg ,12 deg .11 deg. generally dormant, for from three to
f Weather and Crops...*....... ................... 302 south as the 28th." Pensacola. 15 deg .14 deg .12 deg. four weeks, when sprouts began to

;;. Weather in Jacksonville. He further remarks, that in 1837 the Fernandina,16 deg .15 deg .15 deg.G. appear on all the older trees, and it
.( wild orange groves south of Volusia, C. Springs- deg .14 deg ,13 deg. seemed probable that half a crop

.. tj i'I" tj i'I 4 bO sI:' all:1...:'.._..: and at New Smyrna, were in full bear- St. Augustine- .16 deg .16 deg. might be borne, if they met with no
, A : Federal Point- deg .17 deg .16 deg.
DATE. oho co a ;q,:.: ti v haw 0 cd ing, which shows that they were not Palatka .17 dog .17 deg P deg. other disaster. By the 7th of Feb-
-- - much injured. In 1844 the writer saw Fruitland 16 deg .16 dog . ruary the sap was well up in the
.
April .... ...68 70 79 66 13 72 .07
, May x 30..........69 72 82 63 J9 72 T. very large sweet orange trees on Drayton DeLm1d .17 deg .16 deg ,17 deg. trees, grove owners were hopeful and
Mar 2...........73 6g 86 65 21 76 .25 Island bearing fruit, which could Eustis .18 deg .17 deg .16 deg. commenced fertilizing and working
May 3 ..........69 69 77 65 12 71 .08 Citra; deg .13 deg .16 deg. -
- ...... ... not have been killed down in their
MaY4 .72 71 82 64 18 73 .0 1835. groves.
Archer .13 15
deg deg deg.
May .. ....72 72 79 63 16 71 T.
May 6......... ...74 82 67' IS 74 T. There has been some question as to Volusia ,18 deg .17 deg deg. On the night of the 7th of Febru-
- the exact date of the freeze of 1835.I New SmYl'na- deg .17 deg .17 deg. ary, just sixty years to a day from the
......
Mean .71 81 65 16 n .40 think there is no doubt that it occurred Oak Hill deg 21 deg dog. great freeze of 1835, the mercury fell
. *Total rainfall. Ocala 18 deg .19 deg .16 deg.
on the night of the 7th and rapidly with little previous warn-
: A. J. MITCHELL, Observer. very
. _ ._ morning of the 8th of February, 1835. Sanford Orange City. 21-deg deg .18.18 dog deg .18.18 deg.deg. ing, and the trees being leafless, and

The Greater and Lesser Freezes in Paragraphs in Nile's Register, Febru. Orlando ,19 deg -.18 deg .19 dog. the sap having generally risen and

. Florida for a Century. ary, 1835, states that the mercury was Plant City deg .19 deg 21 deg. stimulated new growth, were subjectedto
, [Read before the Florida State Horticultural one degree below zero at Baltimore, Kissimmee deg .19 deg .19 deg. as low a temperature as on the 29thof
Society at the Jacksonville meeting, May 8th,
1895.] and one degree above zero at Raleigh, Brooksville.18 deg .17 deg .18 deg December. The effect was not at

A retrospect of the climatic conditions N. C., on the morning of the 8th of T.Titusville Springs :. -- dog deg .18.19 deg deg ,19. 22 deg.deg first perceptible and the younger trees

which have affected semi-tropical, February, 1835. That month was ex- Rockledge deg .19 deg deg. gave for a while some promise of revival -
' '''.': fruits within the last one hundred and cessively cold'the, Chesapeake having Manatee --deg 22 deg 23 deg. holding their color, but in the
;:':.: twenty-five years cannot fail to possessa been frozen so as to close navigationthree Avon Park deg 21 dog'. 23-deg. course of from four to six weeks, it
peculiar interest just now, when we times during that month. The Myers deg deg 30 deg. became apparent that nearly all the
. Fort l\feado deg 22 deg 24
are passing from under two of the mercury is reported to have been at Jupiter -deg. 24 deg28\ deg.deg. l lemon, tangerine and grape fruit trees
worst freezes which ever occurred in eleven degrees above zero at the same Key West 41 deg 44 deg 54 deg and all trees under ten years of age,

Florida. I period at Fort King, then an army Minneoladeg :20' deg -.deg.Leesburg had perished to the ground. About''
The earliest authentic record we. post near the present Ocala. ?: 21t deg 17t dog lOt deg. April i st, old bearing trees began to
- have of cold weather is in the Sumtervllle deg .19 deg deg. ,
severe Dr.Baldwin, of Jacksonville, an ex- show signs of revival, and sprouts put
'Valdo . .16 .
' deg deg
, year 1766, just.after the transfer of the cellent authority, informed the Times- Longwood deg deg -20 deg.deg. out on the trunks and large limbs a

Floridas to England. I' Union in 1886that, the date of thefreezeof Daytona '.- deg deg 15 deg. short distance above the bud, and the
The night of the 2nd, of January, I 1835 was the 8th of February, and Wildwood deg deg .16 deg. I promise now is that in the central
1766,John Bartram, the botanist, says: the mercury stood at 8 degrees above Bart w deg deg. 20 deg. portion of the orange district, new
"was the fatal night that destroyed the zero, and that about 1850, the day not Palm ITeach deg -- deg 80 deg. heads will form during the present
. 7
Quincydeg. deg deg-
lime citron and banana in St. '
trees given, the temperature was down to Tampa deg .19 deg 22 deg. year, and some fruit be borne in 1896.
. Augustine, many curious evergreensup 16 degrees. In 1857 the mercury fell Lake Helen deg 20 deg .16 deg. The young trees are throwing out
the river that were near twenty to 26 degrees at Tampa, 29 at Ft. Merritt's Is'd- deg dog 22 deg. shoots from the root and will no
years old, and in a flourishing state, Pierce and 30 at Ft. Dallas on the Umatilla deg deg .15 dog. doubt replace themselves in two or
the young green shoots of the maple, Miami. At Jacksonville the thermometer Tavares -- deg deg ,16 deg. three years on the least injured groves.In .
. Ormon deg deg .18 deg.
elm and others with
many flowering indicated viz the lower of the
: Welaka deg )0 deg deg. portion peninsula
plants and shrubs never before hurt." December 28,1872 . 27 degrees Melbourne deg 22 deg .' deg. south of latitude 28 it is thought
Bartram, who was then camping on January 19, 1873 . 24 degrees Sanford deg .19 dog deg. there will be a crop the present year
: the St. Johns River above Volusia, December 28, 1875. . 28 degrees Seville deg .19 deg -- deg. which amount to boxes.
December 3, 1876 . 24 degrees may 250,000
: "The morning of the 3rd conclusion be drawn
The
from
was a to
says GECU R. FAIRBANKS
December 28, 1878. . 27 degrees ,
. clear cold morning-thermometer 26 January 7, 1879 . 25 degrees past experience in Florida, is that orange I Pres. Fla. Fruit Exchange.May .
degrees, wind n. w. The ground was December 30, 1880. . 19 degrees growing in Florida is not any 8, 1895. .
froze an inch thick on the banks." January 6, 1884 . 21 degrees more precarious than agricultural pur- -* *-+-*
Bernard Romans in his Natural His January 12, 1880 . .15 degrees suits elsewhere. That but once in The Florida State Horticultural So-

tory of Florida ((1775)) says: "On the Sorrento With ,the January foregoing 12, 1880 statistics.19 degrees beforeus one hundred and twenty-five years ciety met, according to appointment,

3rd of'July, 1766, a frost destroyed all we are prepared to institute a com- have all bearing trees been killed to in the rooms of the Board of Trade,

the tropical productions in the country parison of the severe freezes we have the ground which was in February, Jacksonville, May 7, with about 100
except the oranges. The Spaniards had in Florida in one hundred and 1835. That the freezes which have members in attendance. The reportof
called this a judgment on the placefor produced more or less injury have Secretary A. H. Manville shows the
twenty-five Jacksonville
years-at as a
having become the property of her. basing point. with two exceptions occurred betweenthe following membership, taken May 7,

etics, as they never had experiencedthe 20th of December and 15th of 1895, at 7:30 P. m": Life members, 12;
1706-February 3, probably 20 degrees
like." 1835-February 8. . 8 degrees January, at which season the trees are I annual members, 304. Total active
In 1774 there was a snow storm 1880-January 12 . '. ,15 degrees usually in a dormant condition and members, 316; honorary members, 2;
which extended over most of Florida. 1894-December 29 . ,14 degrees well prepared to withstand a very low total members in full standing, 318.
The inhabitants long afterwards spokeof i 1895-February 8 . '14 degreesIn temperature.: The freeze of 1835, The total amount received by the sec-

it as an extraordinary white rain. 1766 the effects of the freeze was sixty years since, did not entirely destroy retary and turned over to the treasurer,

In 1799 the temperature was very confined to loss of tropical plants, etc. i the trees, and a new growth from from May 20, 1894, to May 7, 1895,
low and on the 6th of April, 1828, a That of 1835 destroyed all oranges, the roots came into, bearing within six was as follows: Dues for 1892, $1.00;

heavy frost was very destructive to lemons, etc., north of the 28. Thatof to eight years, while in 1886, the en- dues for 1893, $2.00; dues for 1894,

vegetation. The temperature at Pic- 1886 destroyed many young trees suing crop was in fact larger than the $43.00; dues for 1895, $193.00; dues
olata was as low as 28 degrees. The and some old trees, but did not affect whole crop of that year. Lemon for 1896, $5.00; life memberships,

great freeze,par excellence, occurred in the: crop cf fruit in the following yearn culture has always been regarded as $30.00[ ; extra report for 1894, $1.00;

1835 on the 7th of February, when the quantity, though i it did in quality precarjou} ? pel can only be ventured donation $77.00; total, $z52.oo,




...



1 i,, :, .iI


.
.
.
JIrI
; THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. 299



now so plenty that far Southern is not r THE f ;ri
rkets.
bringing freight.

String Beans-Supply has been large,

J JACKSONVILLE, FLA., May 10. demand light and market weak and low. FIRST NATIONAL BANK OF FLORIDA
Average green aro selling from COc to 1.00
!j FllUITS AND PRODUCE occasionally 1.25 but a few in by refrigerators ,
J"AQI SONVIL-L-E.
j Corrected by Marx Bros. are reaching 1.25 to 1.50 when in
t These are average quotations. Extra choice condition in instances The Oldest National Bank in the State. \
i lots fetch prices above top quotations, while poor prime higher. i;
', lots sell lower. Wax vary widely in quality and very few This Bank, after twenty years of successful business,has just undergone a rigid special exami- '
'I I Oranges, Messina zoos..... ........ 325 reaching outside figures. nation by the United States Comptroller's' Department,and has had its charter extended for an
;, English Peas bu.... .___....... .... 1.60 Squash-Under increased offerings the other period of twenty years,
.......__......... I
CowpeasClaybu. 1.25 By conservative, yet liberal methods, this bank has achieved the highest reputation for solidity, '
has ruled weak and low and whiteis
:' I Whippoorwill............. 1.50 market strength and ability to meet all legitimate demands. :'
I i | "Red Ripper....... ...... .... x.5 hardly bringing expenses at the close, We invite a visit or correspondence, looking toward business relations, assuring you that your '
1 "Dlack Eye... ...... ........ 2.00 though yellow sells freely. favors shall at all times receive intelligent and careful attention.
Cocoanuts... .......... ............;. 3.50
Peanuts best brand..... .............03 to.04% Tomatoes-The supply has been much JAMES M. SCHUMACHER, R. C. COOLEY
apples, bbl............... .. 5.50 larger, a very large quantity coming in President. Cashier. "
beets bbl................... 2.50 from Key West. Fancy are wanted, and
..............
; Potatoes, bbl. Burbauks 2.50 Safe Deposit Boxes For Rent.
I "sack, ..................... ..... 2.40 might bring a premium,but offerings have i
/ Early Rose, N. Y.seed..... 2.75 been more or less defective,as a rule, and
Hebron seed.................. 2.75 have sold slowly at weak and' lower prices,
Peerless.. ...... ....,......... 2.75 DAVIDSON <& co., .
Chili Red .................. 2.75 Key West generally at 2.50 to 3.50 per car-
Onions, Egyptian, 2 bu. sack........ 2.50 rier; 2.00 to 2.50 per bushel crate,and 75c COMMISSION MERCHANTS.
II I Eggs........ __.........?... "._'-.., .18 to 1.00 per small crate. -

VEGETABLES AND POULTRY. Beets, Fla., per crate, 2.00 to 3.00; Ber-
Corrected' by Davis & Robinson. muda,per crate, 2.00 to 2.75; cabbage,im- HEADQUARTERS FOR FLORIDA FRUITS, J

ported, 100,8.00 to 10.00 Florida,
Yellow Yams, bush. ......... .......... 60 to .75 per ; barrel-per ORANGES, LEMONS, PINEAPPLES, EARLYjVEGETABLES ALL KINDSNo.
Sweet Potatoes ...." ...... ........ 75 crate, 5.00 to 6.50; Charleston, per .
Hubbard squash, bbl... ........ ...... 3.oo crate' 4.00 to 6.00; cucumbers, Fla., per 20 West Front Street, Cincinnati, Ohio.ORANGE II I
Lettuce, doz.,..- ....................... .15 crate, 2.50 to 4.00; lettuce, New Orleans, I
Celery...... .......................... .60 Norfolk bbl.
Egg Plants, bbl....................... 3.00 per bbl., 1.00 to 3.00; per CAI'Ir'01: : :IA j
Tomatoes, crates .... ...............1.50t0.2.00 1.00 to 1.50; Norfolk, per basket, 40 to 50c; "
Sweet Pepper, bu. none. ............. 3.00 Charleston, per basket, 50 to 75c; Florida,
Okra, bu, nouo.... .................. onions Bermuda LEMON TREES !
1.00 ,
Green Beans ... ....... ... .......... .75 basket, 50c to ; per \
.. Peas.... ..;.. ........--... ,... .75 crate, 1.25; squash, Fla.,. white, per crate, ,
Turnips, bunch..........,............. .03 to .04 50 to 75c; yellow, per crate, 75c to 1.25;
Cucumbers, crate...................... 2.00 to 2.50 beans Fla. crate 75c to AT LESS THAN OUR OLD PRICES FOR 'IF
Pumpkins, each........................ 0510 .15 string wax, per ,
Kershaws, each... ....... ......... .loto .15 1.75; green, per crate, 50c to 1.25; tomatoes -
Parsley,per doz. bunches ............ .20 Fla., per carrier, 3,00 to '6.00; Key ICRITA Q1 O'V\t S'rOCI .
Carrots,Fla., per doz.bunches........ 25 to .30 West carrier,2.50 to 4.00; per bushel- ..
Green onions,per doz. bunches....... .20 per Choice 2 year old Buds on 4 year old Sweet Roots. Homosassa and Jafia Orange and Lisbon
Pepper,hot bushel, none............ 1.50 to 2.00 crate, 2.00 to 3.00; per small crate, 75c to Lemons at 50 cents each :'I'
Sage, well cured Ib..................... .10 to. 15 1.00. Strong one year old Tangerine, Malta and Ruby Blood Tardiff and Mediterranean Sweets and
Lima Beans, shelled,qt, none ........ c Satsumas on 3 year old Sour roots at 40 cents each. Villa Franca,Lisbon and Eureka Lemon same
Hens....... --.....-................, .30 to .35 PHILADELPHIA May 3.:-Tomatoes. price. I have samples in my yard and they are ,p I
Roosters..........-........*..-........ .25 ,
Broilers................................. .25 to .30 While the receipts are increasingsome t
Turkeys, per pound,gross.......,... .12 to 14 the demand continues to improve STRICTLY FIRST CLASS AND WELL GROWN.
Ducks.--. ........... .30 to 40 and are firm for choice
Geese..,,_.............................. .40 prices Send orders at once so as to get trees in time for the coming rainy season. cent \
... ...... ripe stock, but green tomatoes are neglected me your 25 per
New Beets per 100 ....... .. ..'i.ooto 1.25 in advance, balance on receipt of trees.
WaterCress, per doz................. .35 except at a considerable reductionin
, Cauliflower doz;:...... .......:... ...2.5010300 the prices. We quote carriers; choice o. A.. BOONE Ag1:.,
? New Potatoes, bbl .................... 3.00 Orlando F1 t.I .
4 Florida Cabbage each...........; .... .8 to 12 stock showing color, 6.00 to 7.00 as to
Strawberries qt..:... ..... .......... .08 size and quality; fair to good, 3.50 to 5.00;
Asparagus Fla. per too......,....... .15. to 20 crates 3.00 to 6.00 as to quality; peck I THE TROPICAL TRUNK LINE, j I Bradley Redfield. Eugene B. Redfleld.
Blackberries, qt.:.......... ..;....... .08 boxes, 75c to 1.50; stock that is entirely I .

4 green, selling- 3.00 to 5.00. String Beans JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA.FLORIDA. ESTABLISHED 1871.

New York Market. have been in liberal supply, but with an
R Potatoes. active demand the market is well cleanedup REDFIELD & SON,

Imports for the week: Great Britain, and choice tender. stock is now

5,977 bags; Continent, bags; Ber- wanted at better prices. We quote green Commission Merchants

muda, 3,134 barrels; Nova Scotia 8,302 choice, 1.50 to 1.75, ordinary, 1.00 to 1.25; LANDS i ii i
bags. wax, 1.25 to 2.00 as to quality: Green -AND- I

Next week's Bermuda steamer is cabledto Peas-In liberal supply from Georgia and
South Carolina, choice stock is scarce and
bbls
have 2,300 Fruit Auctioneers
,
With larger arrivals from Florida the will sell readily at 1.75 to 2.00 per basket, ORANGES ,

market has weakened in price on both but most arrivals are of poor quality and
Bermuda and Florida but choice stock is sell within a range of 1.00 to 1.25, a few 141 Dock: Street, j'hllule11Jhltt, 1'a. .

in demand. Much of the Florida stock is reaching 1.50; boxes from Florida sel- RESORTS
and ,
We handle all kinds of Fruits Vegetables
very poor and such drags heavily at irreg- ling 1.00 to 1.50. either at private sale(which has heretofore been
ular figures. Sweet potatoes about steadyfor Squashes-Receipts liberal and pricesare our custom) or by the auction system (recently
choice but demand light. much lower, most sales being madeat INVESTMENTS added to our business) as you may desire.

Florida prime per bbl., 4.00 to 5.50; 50 to 75c, per crate, and 1.00 to 1.25 .

poor to fair per bbl, 3.00 to 3.50; Bermuda per orange box;
prime per bbl., 5.50 to 6.50; No. 2 per Beets-Are scarce and wanted at 15 to DEVELOPMENTS'ADDRESS

bbl., 3.50 to 450. 20c, per bunch ; crates 2.00 to 2.50. Cab- Produce Sold
bage; very scarce and wanted at from 5.50
Vegetables. to 7.00 b. c. or bbl. I Quick and paid for quick,Is tho way our shippers
per ATTRACTIONS '! of Fruits and Vegetables like it; and
Imports for the week: Bermuda 29,089crates New Potatoes-The receipts are liberal, ; 'our 40 years'experienco without defaulting I II
onions, and 894 cratos.other vege but all arrivals of choice stock is'readily I dollar Is guaranty both of ability and stability.
Any bank or merchant using mercantile
,tables. Liverpool 5,634 bags Egyptian placed at full quotations and as the demand I reports can tell our standing. i
onions. Havana, 434 pkgs. vegetables. is increasing, we look for prices to G. 30.Orx. AOKERLY, As we never buy wo never have goods of
our own for the best )prices, leaving that 01
Receipts of Southern vegetables for the hold firm. Prime selling at 6.00 to 7.00; I growers for second place.Vo want more

week include the following: Penn. Rail- seconds, 4.00 to 5.00; culls, 2.50 to 3.50. pa.sse1"1 er .At.:: 'consignments'INQUIHING'! for AS increasing TO OUH trade.STANDING AFTER.

road 13,437 bbls. kale and spinach, 13,492crates Cucumbers-Are coming along freely, I THY US. A TRIAL WILL COST YOU
beans and peas, 2,457 boxes asparagus but much of the stock is very irregularand EGGS FOR Bronze HATCHING Turkeys from; one imported dollar for thor-set- I'METHODS NOTHING, 1JEST.AND; YOU MAY LIKE OUR '

and 3,597 various; Old Dominion values are uncertain, but the general ting of nine eggs. Send money with order. No Letters answered promptly. Stencils anii'
line 10,350 bbls kale and spinach, 3,450 receipts are being sold at from 2.50 to charge for packing and delivering to Express 'cards free. Send your name for our littHI .
Address II Erwitr, Pomona, Fla. book about marketing Fruit! and Vegetables
market here. I
and Agent
pkgs radishes, 1,200 boxes asparagus and 4.00 per crate as to quality 3-23-I0

2,050 pkgs lettuce; Savannah line 15,420 closes firm. I French & CO.J

pkgs.Next. Egg Plants-Are very scarce and want- The old officers of the State Horticultural -
week's Bermuda steamer is cabledto ed at from 6.00 to 7.50 per orange box. re-elected with 116 Warren St., New York.
have 22,000 crates onions. Lettuce will not pay to ship.StrawberriesReceipts Society were

Beets have continued scarce and firm. light from Florida two exceptions.

Cabbage, supply light from both Florida and prices ranging 15 to 25c, per qt., >-.-C

and Charleston, and choice in demand a considerable many now coming from We are indebted to the courtesy of E'RUI'r TREES.FOR .

and firm. North and South Carolina, and wo cannot Secretary Manville for early copies of

Cucumbers in fair supply from Florida encourage further shipments from Flor- important papers. We shall present..
and selling well when choice at 3.50 to ida this season. them next week.
of ORCHARDS.Write
more SOUTHERN .
4.00, but average lots too poor to exceed REDFIELD & SON, .
--*5t N1------
2.50 to 3.00 and some lower. New .
range -
has causedno and list.JENNINGS' .
The disaster to Florida for Catalogue price
Orleans and Boston also plenty and Pittsburg Markets,
abatement of interest on the part
cheap. NURSERY CO.
Lettuce-Supply has been liberal, demand The first Mississippi Strawberries of of the members of the State Horticultural ,

light and market weak and.low as the season to reach this market, came to Tbomasville, Oft,
bulk of tho stook is poor. Nearby is \1fl) Hs\ ((27th) morning, from Mr.\ U, II, Society.
I't
I'I't
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\- :. :: ""; --- ""- '- :-=--:= : --1''



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300 THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. .



r Sutterfield I Jackson: Miss. They were I kinds to advance considerably, and the have when the fruit is fresh ; they are I,

light colored and rather ordinary qual- market to be firm, as'it: continues to be. mucilaginous and cause the seeds to f

ity, but came through by express in fair There were five daily sales, beginning on stick to whatever they touch.
order and sold at 25c per qt. or 6 per Monday and ending yesterday. The offer- "In the thereare
case. ings consisted of 42,600 boxes of oranges, vegetable kingdom I

Strawberries, extra fancy, per quart, 35 mainly from the Mediterranean, 47,000 found a certain number of fruits I

to 45: fine, large, 30 to 35; Cucumbers, boxes of Sicilian lemons and 42,000 that explode by various processes and I I
ex. fancy, hot house, doz, 1.50 to 1.75; bunches of bananas. Only about GOO that belong to divers families. Their ;

Southern, per bu. 2.00 to 4.00; Lettuce, boxes of California Navel oranges were rupture has for its object the dissemi- I Ll tJ -I tt"a

large, per doz. 40 to GO; small, 25 to 35; i sold.The
nation of the seeds. It is remarkable
bu. basket, 35 to 50; Peas, Florida, por only oranges now in the market
crate, 1.50 to 2'50; Green Beans, Florida, are Califoruias and Mediterraneans. The among the balsams named by the bo,

per crate, l.CO to 2.50; Wax Beans, Flori- Western market is overstocked with Cali- tanists, because of this fact, impatiens.

da, per crate 2,50 to 3.50; Peas, Cal per fornias, which are also plentiful in this Many leguminous plants are in the I

crate, 75c to 1.25; Onions, Havana, per city. Mediterraneans\ are not in over supply same class and also certain cucurbitaceae Shortest Quickest Most Attractive(
crate, 1.75 to 1.85; Bermuda, per crate, Wholesale prices range from 2.25 to ,
1.90 to 2.00; Potatoes, Bermuda, Chili, 2.50 a box, which is from 05 to 50 cents a (plants of the gourd family). Finally OJTE: : .
per bbl 8.00 to 9.00; Bermuda Hose, 7.50to box more than was obtained only about the sablier (hura crepitans) of 4

8.00; Cabbage, Florida, crate, 4.50 to one week ago. the family of euphorbiaceae (the BETWEEN :
5.00; California, crates, 4.00 to 5.00; To- spurge family) opens its fruit ,with FLORIDA POINTS AND THE NORTH,

matoes, fancy hot-house, per lb. 40 to 50SOMERS Business Notices. such force as to break fragile objects THE '

Bnos. & Co. BATTERSON & Co.-No more welcome Florida Central and PeninsularNew
within reach of its carpels, which it .
in Florida
sign of the revival of business
hurls in all directions. The fruits
New Potatoes in New York. new
could be found than the reappearance of THROUGH ROUTES}
The supply of new potatoes has been the cards of the commission men. We described in this article seem to be- New York to Jacksonville bj .\

unusually small this spring, but there take pleasure recommending the houseof long to the genus justicia and proba- New. Florida Pennsylvania R. R. to Wash)
and ,
has not been much demand, says the Batterson & Co., of Buffalo, as a trust- bly to the species named justicia.gran- Northern }ington Columbia Southern, Florida'Railway Central tx I)

Journal of Commerce, as' dealers have worthy concern.OBANUETREES. diflora, as well as it is possible to Air Line. Peninsular to all principa'' ?,
held off, owing to the limited receiptsand FROM CALIFORNIA.-See J points in Florida.
and the has been judge from the capsules alone. This Cincinnati to Jacksonville bj
high prices, quality the ad. of C. A. Boone of Orlando also
;
usual standard. The total arrivals phenomenon perhaps takes place also Cincinnati Queen & Crescent to Chatta ,
below the ,
those of others offering California buds and nooga. Southern R'y to Ever,
from Bermuda have been a little and trees for sale; all of whom are men with other fruits of the acanthaceaethe Florida}ette, Florida! Central & Ponin
over 9000 barrels sincb the first of the of character and responsibility. ( acanthus family), but much less Limited. points.sular to all important Florid
year, and a little over 1000 barrels have ,
noticably than with the species described Kansas City, Fort Scott i
arrived from Havana in that time. This Kansas City .
An Explosive Fruit.In Memphis R.R.to Kansas
in this article.-N. O. Pica. and CityJackaonville
week's Bermuda steamer, however, }kto Birmingham, ,
brought in the neighborhood of 3000 a recent-article on the dissemin- yune. T 1 Line to Everotte, Fla. Central t
barrels and Florida have commenced to ation of the seeds of plants we des- 4 lrO Peninsular to all Fla. point .

arrive.. cribed several species having explosive Mr. A. H.Tanner returned on Wed- St.Cairo Louis Short to Line Jacksonville to Du Quoit b}, J:

Last year the first Florida potatoeswere capsules, whose sudden bursting scat- nesday from a week's stay on his plan- Holly Sp'gs Illinois Central to Holly Sp'g .'
received middle of March, and by Route. Kansas City, Memphis & Bii, .
ters the contained seed far and wide. tation in Madison He
this time Charleston and Savannah pota- up county. reports J mingham to Birmingham,Sots'
An allied phenomenon is describedby there fine R'y to Everett and F. C. & I ;
toes were being received, but the cold crops up as though .
waves South during the winter put the J. Poisson in La Nature. Paris, just beginning to grow rapidly. A sonville.Sioux City Ill.& Chicago Cent. to to hell Jac ;

season backward to such an extent that Feb. 2. blight has played havoc with the pear Holly lloute.Sp'gs}Sp'gs K., C. M. & n. to Biimingham 1
it is only this week that important lots Sou. U'y to Eve
"A of M. Gaston
correspondent prospects of that section of the State, ettoandtheE.C&P.: .
have appeared from Florida, but advices 1 '
that liberal will Tissandier (editor of La Nature) sent he says.-DeLand Record. Louis'ille &Nash'ille to Riv
report shipments com- New Orleans Junction. F.. C. & P. oni.
mence"now. The season is so late that him recently: from Batavia a small To }route with through sleepoJackso'vllle
there is a'very largo demand and extreme number of dry pods having the form between.. New Orleans .an

prices are ruling and will draw stock for- and color of miniature cigars about Jacksonville. j I
The F. C. & P. has 700 miles of track )
ward as rapidly as possible. LeaveDoubtful
centimeters ((1 ( inches) long.
. The Florida stock received far has 3 j Florida running through the
so
These little pods have the singular Seeds alone. The best Tobacco Regions,
been very good as a rule, but some very are easy to get, and cost no Stock Farming and Dairy Section, I.
small potatoes have arrived which should power of exploding with a noise when more. Ask your .dealer for Peach and Strawberry Lands,
not have been marketed for some time, they are placed in a vessel of water.A Orange, Banana Belt.and Pineapple Country,
Phosphate .
and commission receivers are trying to drinking glass suffices. If one of FERRY'S'SEED'S Has the Silver Spring and \
impress shippers of the advantage to be Other Fine Scenery. ,
the pods is left thus it floats quietly '
The Great Hunting Country.
gained by allowing the stock to mature i'.
,
Reaches the Noted Grounds.
Fishing
and to select and sort their on the water for two, three, five
fully carefully Has the best lands for tillage, greatest var
potatoes. The potatoes should be separated minutes or more, when it suddenly everywhere.Always the Ferry's best. Known Seed ety of soils in the State, and above all :I

in two or three grades "primes," bursts with violence, throwing out one Annual for 1895 ,tells you nuns over the Central Rldgelan
"seconds" and "culls," or "primes" and of its two valves as well most of 'what, how, and when to plant.( Where It Is High and Healthy. j
as Sent Free. Get it. Address Prosperous towns fill its route and it offe
"seconds. As a rule, the very small orculls the seeds that it contains. It is not D.'M.'' FERRY & CO., the best freight facilities for any produce
are difficult to sell to advantage, the Northern markets. Send for the popul
Detroit, Mich.FraudBuRsFruitWrappers.
and when the stock becomes a little more necessary to say that this bursting. is song- :

plenty they will not realize enough to due to elasticity. "MY FLORIDA HOME.",

cover transportation charges.At "The Acanthaceae, the family to with its spirited words and beautiful'mus
descriptive of an actual Florida Homo, a
this season of the year shippers use which they belong, have fruits composed which is gotten up in elegant style-Six pag
various packages. Barrels are the most of full sized best musiopaper, containing ala )
of
wanted, and bring relatively more than two carpels, whose openingat picture of a home in Florida and a hunt!
maturity takes place from above scene. It is mailed on receipt of 10 cents i(
barrel crates,and the small bushel crates, stamps, to pay expense of distribution.)) 1
. which many Florida shippers :use,are very downward, disclosing two divergent NO. MORE CHEATING. Send also for the best map of Florida (se
unpopular and command less in propor- crescents, and proceeding from a free) and note the towns on its route.
tion than the larger packages, as out-of- common point. Consumers of Fruit Wrappers may A. O. MAODONELL,G.P.AJacksonville, F 1
town buyers will not handle them, and ,now know that they get an honest ream t
local'dealers refuse to buy them unless at When the fruits ripen on the plant of 480 sheets and not 400 or 320 sheetsto The Fla. Cent. '& Peninsular' F

<, a bargain, so that shippers will find it to the opening takes place with a slight ream as some unscrupulous dealers .

their advantage to always use barrels,not noise and part of the seeds are thrownout supply. Offers to ShippersThe

only for potatoes, but for other articles, as but much less violently than when OUR, "FAIR AND SQUARE"Printed Shortest and Quickest Route
cabbage brings a premium when in bar- the pod is placed on water.
BETWEEN
rels The over present prices prices current ruling for barrel for Bermudaare crates.. "The liquid in the last case, is absorbed Wrappers are put up in packagesof i FLORIDA AND ALL POINTS 13

$6 to $8 per barrel, and for Florida$G easily by the dry but permeable numbered 1000 each, in, printing and each, consecutively Wrapper is THE EAST AND WEST. t

to $T per barrel when quality is prime, tissue of the surface of the fruit, from 1 to 1000. No one can With Improvod Ventilated Cars, this coi
is better equipped than ever ,
." with under grades ranging proportionately. I especially along the grooves that cor- handle the Orange and Vegetable Crops ever, ai
The position is so strong,and the outlet respond, to the lines of separation of HONESTLY BEATour insure close connections and prompt despat
widening so rapidily, that further im- to all Eastern! and Western Markets. f I
provement may be established should arrivals I the two halves. Now, as the internal prices. Send for sampler!and prices Through oars to destination. wit

:, be moderate from Florida, and the tissue is hard and woody, as it is not toTilE out change or delay.

f' next Bermuda ship have a small cargo, in equilibrium with the external tissue, JERSEY CITY PRINTING CO. shippers Perishable advised freight time followed passing various by wire Juif a
;:- but the future market will depend entire which is being quickly softened the tion points and arrival at destination. 1

, ly upon the supply and the rapidity with tension exerted by the (former leads, to JERSEY CITY, N. J. All claims for overcharges and loss prom
adjusted.
which shipments increase. N. B. We' do not deal in
, unprinted
.I. . a violent bursting. See that your goods are mark
" Sales of Fruit in Now York. "The seeds themselves are not altogether I wrappers. via F. C. & P. R. R.
For information call on or address the i
"!, The wholesale, auction sales of green without interest. As soon as SAW MILL dersigned: I IO.
fruits for the past week have been unusually they: are in contact with the water FARMER'S works successfully with 4 I+. TAYLOR, Trav. A'gt Ocala, Fla. I
h. p., also Grinding Mills W. D. TUOKEU, Gon A'g't, Orlando, FIn;
heavy, but, despite the enormous epidermic cellules, forming a sort of and Water Wheels. G. M. HOLDEN, Trav. A'gt, Leesburg FJ I
quantity sold, the demand, which largely W. II. FULLER, Trav. A'g't, Tampa, Fla '
increased with the advent of mild weather case, appear at once around each of DeLoach Mill Mfg. Co.. Or N. S. PENNINQTON, Traffic ManageJacksonville ,.

says.the Tribune,caused prices of some I them. These take the form that they I 323 Highland, Ave,, Atlanta, Ga, W, H. PLEASANTS, General Freight,Fla.A,


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I THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. 301
I .. 'j

i A Dade Pinery. elsewhere, it is to be observed the cold '

I The Sun 'has given its readers points affected most the pines which had Complete Fertilizers .

on the "Everglade" pineapple plantation borne the year before.

owned by the late William H. Mr. Matthams believes in irrigation .
for fruits and all
potatoes, vegetables require (to secure the largest
Parsons, and on "Windella." the beau. but: he believes more in covering. The

iful home place of W.S. Clow, of Pitts. latter The Sun will describe at lengthin yield and best quality) ,.

,burg, Pa.Ve now call atttention to a the next issue of this paper. Sufficeit

;still more extensive pinery, that of the to say that the results from protec- At Least IO'% Actual Potash.

Florida situated tion such to the belief
Pineapple Company, are as warrant f f
'about a mile and. a half south of West that it will be "the method" in a few Results of experiments prove this conclusively. How and .

Palm Beach. years.' why, is told' in our pamphlets. .

The Florida Pineapple Company is A tramway runs from the pineapplefield r:
They are sent free. It will cost you nothing to read them, and they will save you '
the dock
to where the fruit is
composed of Chicago men exclusively. J! '
dollars GERMAN KALI WORKS, 93 Nassau Street, New York. ,
IW. G. Lewis is president, A. E. Mor- loaded info boats for transfer to the ,

(rill, secretary and treasurer, and G. C. railroad, though the surveyed route of JOHN L. MARVIN, ;I- .:
the East Coast Line the r .
Matthams, manager. Messrs. Lewis runs through President.
/and Morrill are still residents of the property. The dwelling occupied by I H. T. BAYA, THOS. W. CONRAD, .,'.

I Windy City, but Mr. Matthams has the manager is a handsome, two-story Cashier. CRPlTflli $100,000. Assistant Cashier. ';4'

made this his home since the inceptionof structure owned by the company. It

the enterprise. fronts a picturesque bluff on the Lake, '

II I The property of the company comprises from which a very charming view of THE MERCHANTS' NATIONAL. BANK ::

125 acres of fine lands, being the Poinciana is to be had. Flowersof -

,i five acre -on Lake Worth with a frontage tropic hue give color to the groundsand JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA,

I of 100 feet and 120 acres back. a caged wild cat is one of the espeetfully solicits your Deposits; Collections and Genera ,i

The first tree was cut on the 15th of attractions. A cosier home it wouldbe Banking Business.CORRESPONDENCE .

, i January, 1892, and the first fruit ship- difficult to find.-Tropical Sun. .1

. 'ped''in May 1894. > < INVITED. 4
Part of the groves around the lake -
At present there are thirty-eight DIR EOTORS.
. I .
have been sawed off. Some of the
::1 acres of pines, 11,000, or about two John L. Marvin, A. B. Campbell) Chas. Marvin,
I acres, of,which are Porty Rico. Fifty owners do not intend to saw their H. T. Baya, T. W. Roby, Judge R. B. Archibald,
trees. They will make a sad mistakeif Judge E. M. Randall. C. B. Rogers, W. M. Davidson,
acres are cleared and the in
acreage do least and Or H. Robinson. John E. Hartrldge.
they not at go through
pines is being continually increased by
cut off all the" large trees that are
'
beds added each
new
'f."Vith ,exception of year.the Egyptian killed back to the ground or nearly SAVINGS AND TRUST BANK
' so, and all the dead side limbs that in-
:
, Queens which bore last- year, the
terfere with the
j. whole field is in very fair condition. working groves.- OE' E'L-ORIDA,
Orlando
; The Porto Ricos are in .especially fine Reporter. JACKSONVILLE.
trim. Mr. Matthams informed the t f
:
CAPITAL $50,000.
ll: reporter that had it not been for the Nearly all the families in this section ,

freeze, the company would have realized have one or more cows now, and Q. ROBINSON, President. AV. J. HAIIKTSITEIMEU, Vice-Free. t tw11I.
KAWJLINSON, Cashier,
from 95 to 98 per cent of fruit are turning into milk, butter and beef

I this'year. Now, a conservative estimate -I the tender grasses that annually go up DIRECTORS

I will'place the probable ,yield at in smoke and do nobody any good.Thus.another' :
H. ROBINSON, J. HILDEBRANDT, P. E. MCMURRAY,
!
40 to 50 per cent. ,As could readily. of the resources of our W.J. HARKISHEIMER, PHILIP WALTER, R. H. LIGGETT,
be seen, nearly every other plant country is '''being developed. Alongthe J.. A. HENDERSON, C. C. ROBERTSON, W. B. OWEN. I'

was fruiting well, so this would seema road from here to Apopka one is Collections made on all points of Florida, and Remitted for on day of Pay- ;
safe.calculation. scarcely out of sight of bunches of cat- ment. Active and Savings Accounts Solicited. Interest Paid on .,

tle and fields of corn.-Lake Brantleyitem Savings.!
The varieties to,be found here are

the Porto Rico, Abbaka, Enville City, in Orlando Reporter.

". the Pernambuco, the Egyptian Queen, FLORIDA FRUIT EXCHANGE. ..

the Golden Queen, the Smooth Cay- .,

enne, White Antigua and some Cey- J 0
lon varieties. The latter deserve a -c An Incorporated h best advantage n of Orange Growers for marketing Florida Fruit to the
AUTHORIZED CAPITAL $300 000.
more extended mention. They are BOX :MATEIUAL-The Exchange is fully prepared to supply boxes and paper on
the Giant Kew, from the Kew Botan- r order. Write for price list and terms.

ical Gardens, one of the largest applesin WMTSTHLI .. GEO. R. FAIRBANKS President.-: OFFICERS :-D. GREENLEAF, Vice-President.
the world attaining a maximum I MATTER} %' ALBERT M. IViES Gen'l Mgr. and Treas. M. P. TURNER, Secretary. ;
DIRECTORS-Geo. it. Fairbanks, Alachua Co.; E. G. Hill Bradford Co.; Dr. E. E. Pratt
weight of twenty five to thirty pounds; FARM / v Hillsboro; John Fabyan, Lake Co.; Hy Crutcher Orange Co.; ; D. Groenleaf Duval Co.; .
fruited the Yellow J. D. Mead, Duval Co.; A. Brady, Brevard Co.; F. G. Sampson, Marion Co. ; C. V. Hillyer,
the long Ceylon, COVERED Marion Co.; John M. Bryan, Osceola Co.; W. E. Stanton, Putnam Co.; M. S. Moroman St.
Ceylon and the Mauritius. Johns Co.; C. F. A. Bielby, Volusla Co.; Irving Keck, Polk Co.
Addressall: correspondence to the Florida Fruit Exchange, Jacksonville, Fla Stencils,
WITH STUMP
The Pernambuco apple is very juicy with full packing and shipping instructions furnished on application.

and mellow when ripe. One can

eat it readily with a spoon. The Por- JOHN CLARK SON & COs

to Rico brings the biggest price, but ". ,
in flavor is'said'' not to compare favor- .

ably with the Golden Queen, the ; -<> Grocers and Commission MerchantsDEALERS

I Egyptian Queen, the Abbaka, the .' O
Smooth Cayenne or the Enville City.It : AWK vlGitu-R yVr'aLu TIJMP MACHINE 1 AI.ERS IN

appears to be however, the hardiestof Works on cither Standing Timber or Stumps. Pull Coal Hay Grain Wines Liquors
on ordinary Grub In one ami a half minute*. Hakes I ";
them all. The Enville City plants'! clean sweep of two acres at a sitting. A man, a bo;
and a horse can operate it. .No heavy:chains or rods tl<
cost the Company more than any other handle. The crop on a few acres the fist year will pa; Cigars, Tobacco, Etc. -i:: ;. ,i M ., .
for the machine. You can not longer afford to pa; '. .
75 cents apiece, but they sell well taxes on unproductive timber land. Clear it, raise < "
Bountiful crop with!ess labor and recuperate your oh J'actiso1'1V'ille, E 1oi'ici> i. -:' :
and many weigh thirteen pounds, worn outland by pasturing. It will only cost you .
postal card to send loran Illustrated Catalogue,glvlnj) '
which is a good sizeconsiderablylarger price,terms and testimonials. Also: full Infonnatloi
concerning our I. X. I.. d rub1 l'r. Iron Giant ttrul PR ICE- LIST OF WHISKIES I : .'
than the ordinary apple. and Stump Machine,Two Howe JfawUeyo aiyl other:
inches appliances for clearing timber land. Address MANONGAIIELA RYE; ............ .,......$t 50 CABINET BOURBON... ....... ....... ..J6 oo
The pines are set twenty-two MILNE JIANUFACTUUINQ CO., 003 8th St., Wonmonlli,II] PARKER...... ............ ...... ...,....... I 75 J. MARTINRYE.... ......... ................ 3 00
apart though Mr. Matthams says he ad ORANGE VALLEY........... ........ ..... 2 oo VIRGINIA GLADES. ................ ........;. 4 00
For
dress BunnyRldo Mllno Brow Shetland at above Pony office l'orm.and number.catalogue Breed SPRINGVALLEY........ ............... .. 250 OLD BOURBON........... .... .... .....500
will plant closer in future. era of Pure Shetland routes.ITAUAN .BALTIMORE CORN,......... .............. 2 00 KENTUCKY SOUR MASH....... ......... 5 oo
Besides the Porto Ricos, which, as NORTH: CAROLINA CORN.. ............ 250 OLD BAKER........ ..............,.......500
CLIFTON ... .......... 300 MONTROSE: vnl.RYE................... 6 oo
mentioned abeve, are fruiting very sat.
this there numbersof You're the losor unless BEES JUGS EXTRA: One gallon, 250; two gallon, soc; three gallon, 750 Remit by post-office
isfactorily year, are you keep bees to gatherthe money order, check or registered letter. We cannot ship C. O, D. Remit with order.A .
beds of young pines set out last you.sweets live of Keeping nature about InIMeanant complete price-list of Groceries, and Wine List, sent free on application
which are so slightly injured as and Profitable to either sex, In town
season or country: (m; 1'ago: Ueo Book free to all. JOHN CLARK SON & CO. '
Here ., Ala. .
scarcely to be noticeable. as J. JU. dJENKINS 'AVetuinpka
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302 THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. ,
'i i '


; l WEATHER AND CROPS. .. WANTED Poultry, Ducks, Turkeys, pgl;
Common breeds accepted for all
kinds of Nursery Stock, Rare Fruits, Flowers
r .1 f, For the Week Ending May 7. BEWARE and Ornamental Plants. Also a great many,
0 valuable articles to exchange. Hall's safe, mug
.
: The'contrast in the condition of all of imitation steal instruments, fire arms, books elegant: oil
: | crops at this time when compared with I Insist on trade marks paintings, etc. Orders taken now for all varies;
ties Orange, Lemon and Grape Fruit trees to,
the same period of last year is very and labels. be delivered in the fall of '96. Over 10,000 fine
stocks to bud on. Address at once for catalogued
striking. The first week in May dur- etc., Robert G. Bidwell, Orlando, Fla.,Box 147. ft

ing 1894 was noted for the deficiencyin SORREL I Hibiscus <
JAMAICA ( sabdariffaf)
moisture. All crops were suffering.A AKN1\ ASP HAft\ft\ER\ SODA time to plant. Will furnish an,I
abundance of acid fruit in the fall. Splendid for,
severe drought prevailed.Vhere sauce or:jelly. 4 cents half! 'dozen, 75 cents 4:
dozen, paid. Tropical Nurseries Avon:
were not entire failures the yieldwas post ,
crops
Park, Fla. i
so limited that farmers realized but 1D HA4f _
FREEZE! Camphor' trees, i'
i little. The producers of Florida have, .10 packages I) WON'T size, $2.00 dozen, smaller $i 50 dozen year
to the week received I Loquats, i year, same price. Tea plants 20 cent: .-
\ up present crop each, $2.00 dozen. All pot grown; post paid J:
full consideration in the nature of necessary Also Giant Bamboo, $r.co each. Price list free J
.... heat and moisture. Nearly all Costs no more than inferior package soda- ,il 7' Tropical Nurseries. Avon Park, Fla.

, correspondents agree that the past never spoils the flour, keeps soft, and is .uni IRRIGATED GROVE.; 50 in 100 other acres fruit, to trees years, etcfj set;

'I week has been one of unusual growth, versally acknowledged pufest in the world. For Lane sale Park at,a Lake sacrifice.County Address, Fla. "F," The j.Palms 2;-9nifj

; there being rarely an exception among CHOICE ORANGE, LEMON and GRAPIi;
f} the various products of this State. In Made only by CHURCH & CO., New York. Trees. One year old buds on fouf'year
old roots. Also bud wood. For sale b,,,
I fact, the only complaint reaching the Sold by grocers everywhere.Write Arthur S.Auchincloss, Redland, Cal. 5-11-8!.,
| central office is, that the Hessian fly for Arm and Hammer Book of valuable Recipes-FEEEL PLANT STRAWBERRIES The Strawberry

'' has appeared in portions of Hillsbor- ...................................... and only:those will who be greatly plant under over done the best next condl-jf year,..

f ough county, and is doing some damage tions will make a profit. Lawtey berries arel
quoted in the New York Price Current
j; to the melon crop. The complaint, particularly so over the central and ble shipments are falling off, due to week. 35'to 45 cents; from all other parts of thisj th

. j however, is not general., Pear blight western divisions. Sufficient sunshinewas ruling low prices. Oranges are reported reasonable State, 25 to rates.35 cents.E.Lauds G. Hill for, Lawtey sale or,Fla.rent al

: is noticed to a limited extent in Escam- received during the latter part of quite numerous in Manatee county, 5-4-t

I 7 j 1 bia county. the period. All vegetables in great at this time being the size marbles.. FOR SALE. Ten acres fine land; half mil

j Although there was a slight defi- abundance. Peaches doing well; A fair crop is expected over that section In splendid; Caloosahatch.ee neighborhood.River Price, in, $Lee r50 00.county Fo,

( ciency in precipitation over the State blackberries ripe and plentiful. Corn All plant life in the Southern particulars apply to F. W. Hall, Alva, Fla.

j+i for the week, the copious showers never looked better. Strawberry yield District shows marked improvement. EGGS FOR HATCHING. All varieties 5-3-, $1

i during the latter,part of April in conjunction more satisfactory, but market too low The change over the pineapple terri- < a dozen. White Leghorns, 24 for $I.

o l with the partially overcast to ship. Watermelons forming; or- tory is especially gratifying. Highest Pekin las, Fla.Ducks, 9 for$1. Albert Fries, St Nicho 5-4-3. "

!j skies, caused a continued vigorous ange trees putting on new foliage, but temperature, 86 ; lowest, 62 ; mean, GIANT CACTUS OF ARIZONA. (Cereus

1\ growth. There seems to be an exhaustless many trees are dead. The weather as 76 ; normal, 76 ; average rainfall, 1.25 Giganteus desert grows). This to a height wonderful ot 30 plant or 40feet.in its native It.-

5 yield of all kinds of vege- regards both heat and moisture was inches; normal, 0.92 of an inch.A. thrives in a climate where the mercury falls ,
twelve degrees below freezing in winter, and in
i; tables, confined to no portion of the nearly normal. J. MITCHELL, Observer, summer rises to 120 degrees in the shade, and
Weather Bureau Director.. lx months without rain. Small fine ,
State. lowest 61 plants by
| Highest temperature, 91; ; Jacksonville, Fla.,May 7, 1895.NURSERY mail 50 cents or 3 for$1.00. Henry Gulick, Sr.,
> The correspondent from Leon mean, 73, normal, 72. Average rain- Chula Vista, California 4-20-2

y'*: county, states that the first part of the fall for the district, 0.73 of an inch ; STOCKILive IF ANY ONE who has been benefited by the
of Dr. William's Pink Pills will write to"THE
week was too cloudy cool and damp normal 0.83.CENTRAL .
FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER, they will re?
though the latter part of that period DISTRICT.-The sources ceive information that will be of much value and
", \ '-. all that could be desired the parties wanted to handle interest to them. :i
; ,was; ,. sunshine of information from this district, are THE WONDERFUL PEA. (Hastings) Ware}
and warm nights stimulating all more numerous when compared with Genuine. Per peck, 75 cents, Per:
300,000 bushel, $3.00. f.o.b. A. Z. ARMOUR Panasoff1kee. '
crops to rapid growth. It is noticed other sections. The week openedover Fla. 4-13-3 +t:

that a large acreage of corn has been the coast territory with partially first-class Orange and Lemon LIGHT BRAHMA, D. B. Plymouth Rock and/
planted and that its condition is Turkey Eggs for hatching, ji.oo do,-;..t
very overcast skies and refreshing showers, Trees. en to suit the times. C. Gomperts,'Lady Lakejf: |
gratifying. Notwithstanding the reported the latter extending inland over a I Florida. 2 2-I643\,

injury to pears in the west and large section of the district. There Address at once, I CHOICE for Orange sale.and Address Lemon, I.Trees II. Cammacklj and Bud:{:i{

central sections, there are evidences was a slight excess of heatand, a significant -i Whittier, California. 3-i6-tf. ,

;, that the fruit crop will be bountiful. deficiency in moisture. [Oxford, BOSTON & SOUTH RIVERSIDE FRUIT CO, $150.00 CASH,will buy 20 acres numbe '''i;:'

':,', Exceptionally favorable reports come Sumter of dryness.I BOX 2522, one strawberry land with a twofJ; ,
\ county, complains room cottage in St.Thomas, Fla., for an
1 from the major portion of the nor- Too much so for oats and all vegetable BOSTON MASS. settler This offer open for a short time actuailf'

thern district regarding the conditionof I Corn ,is -J,S. Mills ..
products. reported late, -------- LANGSHANSI MINORCASI!
LEGHORNS
peaches.The but looking well. Sweet potato plant- ti CENT-A- WORD COL UMN. stock for sale cheap. Agent for '

only marked changes in the ing is delayed, owing to the need of To insure insertion in this column, advertise- per Smith 100&lbs.Romaine's Island Poultry boiled beef Yard and, C. H.bone Jacques, $2.2? '

condition of orange trees come from rain. Reports from other sections of ments must be accompanied by the nioney. Prop., Fernandina, Fla. 3-30-2
Advertisements must not exceed words.
the southern district, where not only this county are extremely satisfactory.Corn Postage Stamps received in payment.fifty BUD WOOD.-Parson Brown, ten dollars per, ,
Count word,Including; name and address. Early Maltese Straight and Hart'sTardiff '
is but every
foliage seen, young oranges are growing rapidly ; oats beginingto Oranges and Lisbon Lemons seven fift '
said to be plentiful. Normal temper- color melon per thousand. Address J. W. Waite, P. O. Boa .
; crop Very encouraging 809, San Diego, California. 3-2-4 '.
ature for the State, 74 degrees ; aver- Some complaint is made in YOUR ORANGE TREES ARE KILLED !
MAKE HENS LAY-There is nothing like
TO
: age, 76 ; normal rainfall, 0.77 of an Lake county of tomato worms. The Bowker's Animal Meal. 40 tons sold in Flor-
inch 0.63. I Do,not let the hot summersun ida last year. Hundreds of testimonials. For
; average, same correspondent says : "Weather particulars, write E. W. Amsden, Ormond, Fla
WESTERN DISTRICT.-Portions of conditions almost perfect. Marked bake and ruin your grove io-i3-tf

the district, particularly sections of improvements in all crops." Nearlyall land but sow it in "Giant BROWN of LEGHORN the best.EGGS$i for for 13.HATCHING.R. Puddy I ,.

Escambia county, need rain. All reports correspondents assert improvementin Weed" and Lawtey, Fla. Barred Plymouth Rock eggs for
Beggar protectand ,
agree, however, that crops are the condition of orange trees. In hatching. 1-5-20
doing their best. The blight improve it. Write Ih Agent's profits per month. WillI"
pear some cases they are budding into new
it or forfeit. New Articles ;
previously alluded to, seems to mani-- growth with assured success, althoughin W. M. GIRARDEAU, t 5 2 5 prove just out.pay A $1.50 sample- !
fest itself detached sections of x 9 and terms free. Try us. CHIDES-
over many instances in Orange county, 5-11-2 Monticello3 Fla. TER & SON, 28 Bond St., N. Y. i
this the trouble being by no the do t'
county show
trees not a
sprout.
FOR SALE for cash,time or tiade,orange groves,
means general. During the greater Highest temperature, 91 ; lowest, WANTED old.The Correspondence care of a child not solicited under four at Fla. and timber lands. E. RUMLEY, Keuka,
3-ii-i6t
portion of the week, the skies have 62 ; mean, 77 ; normal, 73 ; average once. Mrs. Ida E. Matthews, Macclenny, Baker
been generally fair with a deficiencyof rainfall o.38 normal 0.86. County, Fla. it FOR EXCHANGE-Summer and winter hotel
,
; ,
FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER North Carolina mountains. Owner must
moisture. The excess of rain SOUTHERN DISTRICT.-During the $2.00; 1800 ((6 numbers missing);; 1891 live in Florida. Wants good orange grove. W.
during the last week about evened of'the week ((7 numbers missing)$I.soeach, Moores Handbook B. Clarkson, Jacksonville, Fla. 9-is-ti
early part copious showers I
of Orange Culture, 75 cents; Cole's New Agricul-
conditions. Highest temperature, 84 visited this section, being heaviest over ture, 75 cents post paid, or exchange for honey or ANEW deal on wire netting. Prices cut in
We Write for
freight. our latest
make other offers. T. C.Thomson, Spring Park, pay
degrees; lowest, 62; mean, 74; normal, the coast district, where the fall was Florida. itT price-list. E. W, Amsden, Ormond, Fla. tf

7 I. Only very light showers occur- above the normal. Only flattering reports ORIGINATED THE WALDO PEACH which THE LAKELAND NURSERIES-Have for sale
red the week. A is now the most popular peach in the State. citrus trees on sour orange,grapefruitand
during reach this office
concerning the After six years effort I now otter you better one. rough lemon roots,of following! varieties:
NORTHERN DISTRICT.-This district condition of .staple products and all THE JEWEL PEACH Is 10 days earlier than Marsh Seedless Pomelo, Thompson Pomelo, Au-
the Waldo, larger fine quality, free stone, good rantium Pomelo, Boone's Early, Parson Brown,
has been especially favored with condi- vegetable growth. There was suffi shipper. Blooms late. Buds'$i per 100. Hart's Tardiff, Dancy Tangerine,Satsuma,Kum-

tions suitable to theneeds of all crops. cient sunshine to permit of all farm 5-II-2 T. ,K. Godbey, Waldo, Fla. quat franca, King and and Belair Maltese Premium Blood Lemon.Orange Tahiti, and Seed-Villa

The early part of the week was char- work, though precipitation for the district TROPICAL, or MELON PAPAW SEED. 24 less Limes. A specialty of the'Marsh Seedless
Stamps or silver. B, M.Hampton Grape-fruit. C. M. Marsh, Lakeland, Polk Co.,
acterized cloudiness and rains above the normal.
by light was Vegeta- Frost Proof, Fla 5.4-3 Fla. 11-17-20





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.; THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. 363 iJ
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: SAVANNAH LINE The Clyde Steamship Co.


TO NEW YORK, BOSTON AND PHILADELPHIA, I


..;.;.,..,t:;.,: 48 to 55 hours between ,Savannah, New York and Philadelphia, and NEW YORK, CHIfibElf AID RjOSpfl LIMES.

65 to 70 hours between Savannah and Boston. i


.. The magnificent Steamships of this Line are appointed -

OCEAN STEAMSHIP COMPANY. to sail as follows, calling at Charleston, S.. C.,

both ways : J ,;

G. JVX.: : (STANDARD TIME.) ;\
ORREL: MAnAger..R : : : .
From New York.
From Jacksonville, ;i 1
(Pier 29 E. R.) STEAMER Florida. ;]

C Friday, April 26th, at 3pm...... .,. "IROQUOIS" .to....Thursday, May 2d, at inooam: ,
", u I *: d ill t''g'' t ,,6#t d .;i :' .rr'LL Tuesday, 30th,at 3 p m. ....... ."CIIEROKEE".Sunday, sth at 1.30pm .:
-1.. "YtI Friday, May.. 3d, atspm........."AIGONQUIN".Thursday, 9th, at 5:00: a m ",
Wednesday 8th, at 3 p m. ;......IROQUOIS". .........Tuesday, i4th, at 8-30 a m :
Friday 41II loth, at3 pm........."CHEROKEE"..... ... Thursday i6th, atIo:30am ..4
Tuesday, 14th, at 3 p m........"ALGONQUIN". .....Sunday iqth, at 12:00: n'n 'C -
Friday 17th, at3pm..." .,?"SEMINOUJ"; .... ....Thursday, 23d, at 4.00am 'I
Monday, II 2othat3pm......... 'IROQUOIS'.Sunday! 26th, at 5:30: a m .r-
Friday, 24that3pm..AJ.GONQUIN..Thursday, soth, at 9:30: a m
Tuesday II 28th, at 3 p m.;...... "SE\ I OIE"; .. .....Sunday, June 2d, at 12:00,: n'n
;: Friday, 3tst, at 3 p m.......... "IROQUOIS".Thursday, 6th, at 4:00: a m

-
, -

a r Philadelphia. Charleston and Jacksonville Line. t.: "


For the present and until further notice, Steamer "YEMASSEE"\ is intended to ,

sail from PHILADELPHIA for CHARLESTON, Wednesdays, and from : :}
<,. _'
-"'-';;...,' : CHARLESTON for PHILADELPHIA, Sundays. Close connection made at k
'.
r ;'. Pa..a.e, RateA Charleston with Clyde Florida Steamers, for business to and from Jacksonville and
'"
Between'Jacksonville and New York: First-class $25.00;; Intermediate, $19.00; Excursion, 843.30. ; all Florida points. Also, Philadelphia and interior points via Philadelphia.
Steerage, $12.50.

Jacksonville and Boston or Philadelphia: Cabin $27.00; Intermediate, $21.00; Excursion $47.30 ; -
Steerage, 1425. The magnificent Steamships of this Company are appointed to sail as follows:

FROM SAVANNAH TO NEW YORK. ST. j"OEINS: :: i i'srER: LIE.:

(Central or goo Meridian Time.)

Tallahassee.... ......... March 24, 4.00 a.m.
City of .' March 26, 5.30 p. m. For Sanford Enterprise and Intermediate Points
Kansas ..... ........ .........Friday, March 29 7 00 a. m. on
Nacooclieo........... ......-... ...........Sunday, March 31, 800 a. m. the St. Johns River.
City of Birmingham..... ........... .... ..... ...... .......... ...Tuesday, April 2, 10:30: a. m.
City of April 5, 2.00p.m.
Kansas ...; ..Sunday, April 7, 4.ooa.m. The side-wheel
elegant iron steamers
April 9, 5.30 p. m.
City of Birmingham April 12, 7,3oa. m.
City of April 14, 9.00 a. m. "City: of J"acksoo."Vi11e: ,"
Kansas City.......Tuesday April 16, II.ooa.m. 6
Tallahassee........ ...... .........t....... .......Friday, April 19, 2.00 p. m. Capt. W. A. SHAW
City of Birmingham... Sunday April 21, 3.ooa.m.' Is appointed to sail from Jacksonville Sundays, Tuesdays and Fridays at 3:30: p. m.,
City of Augusta ....... .... .....Tuesday, April 23, 4.30 p, m. and leave Sanford and
.. Kansas City...... .................Friday, April 26, 6.ooa.m. returning Mondays, Wednesdays Saturdays at 9 a. m.
' Tallahassee................ .... ........ .... .....Sunday, April 28, 7.ooa.m.
...........
City of Birmingham Tuesday, April 30, 9.003. m. SOUTHBOUND SCHEDULE.NORTHBOUND.. '
FROM SAVANNAH TO BOSTON.City Read down. Read up. r

of Macon ...........Thursday' March 28, 6.30 p. m. Leave 3.30P. m. .......... ...... .....Jacksonville................. .... Arrive 3.30a. m.'
Gate April 4, i.oop. m. .. 8.45 p. m. ... ......... ...... .......Palatka ...... ...... ............ Leave 9.00 p. m.
; City of Macon.r.Thursday, April II, 6.3op.m' ". 3.00 a. m. ............ .......... Astor.......,............ ..... ., 3.00 p. m.
Gate April 18, i.oop.m .. 4.30 a. m. .......... .............St. 1'rancis........ .......'..... .... u 1.30 m.
City of \ ..... ....... ..Thursday, April 25, 5.30 p. m' 5.30a. m. ...... ..... ...... .....Beresfore....................... 12.00 p.noon
Arrive 8.30 a. m. ...... ...... .... ... .....Sal1ford. .............. ...... 9.00 a. m.
FROM SAVANNAH TO PHILADELPHIA.These t r" 9.25 a. m.J ........ .... ........ .... Enterprise............ .... .... 9.30 a. m.
( Ships do NOT Carry Passengers.)

Elllm Thompson.Wed'day. March 27, 6.00 a. m.Dessoug. .
April 3, 11.30 a. m. General Passenger and Ticket Office, 204 West Bay St. JacksonvilleA.
Eliliu Thompson..................*.-................ Wed'day, April 10, 6.00 a. m. ,
Densoug.....WedMay, April 17 12.00 noon J. COLE Agent Bowling Green New York.M. .
ElilinTliompson......... ... .... ............. .......... ..... ...Wed'day, April 24, 5.00 p.:m. H. CIA'DE Passenger, Assistant Traffic 5 Manager, 5 Bow ing Green New York.D. .
1>. C. MINK.: General Freight Agent. 12 ;o. Delaware avenue, Philadelphia, Pa
THESE PALACE STEAMERS, THEO. G. EGER: Traffic Manager 5 Bowling Gteen, New York.
F. M. IIIONMONGEK Jr., Florida Passenger Agent 204 West Bay St., Jacksonville Fla
Connect at Savannah with Central Railroad of Georgia, Savannah Florida & Western Railway, JOHN L. HOWARD, Florida Freight Agent foot Hogan Street, Jacksonville Fla -'
Florida Central & Peninsular Railroad. J. A. LESLIE,'Superintendent foot Hogan Street, Jacksonville Fla.
. Through Bills of Lading, Tickets and Baggage Checks to all points North and East. See your
nearest ticket agent or write for Freight or Passage to WM. P. CLYDE & CO. Gen'l
J. P. BECKWITH, G. F. & P. Agent, New Pier 35 N. R., New York. Agents,
R. I,. WALKER Agent C. G. ANDERSON, Agent,
New Pier No.35 North River} New York. City Exchange Building, Savannah, Ga. 12 South Delaware Avenue, Philadelphia. 5 Bowling Green, New York.W. .
RICHARDSON & BARNARD Agents, Lewis' Wharf, Boston
W. 1, .JAMES Agent, 13 S. Third Street Philadelphia.
"'__ W. H. RHETT, Gen'l Agt. C. R. R., 317 Broadway, New York.J. A. BOURS. ESTABLISHED 1875. J. B. BOURS.
D. HASHAGEN, Eastern Agent, Sav., Fla. & Western Ry. Co., 261 Broadway, N. Y.
J.I,. ADAMS, Gen'l East. Agt.. F. C.& P. R. R., A. DeW. SAMPSON General Agent, WILLIAM A. BOURS & CO. '
. 353 Broadway, New York. 306 Washington st., Boston.W. ,
J. FARREU, Soliciting Agent. W. E. ARNOLD Gen. Trav. Pass. Agt.,. ll
WALTER HAWKINS, Fla. Pass. Agent,

New Office, 224 West Bay Street,Jacksonville. OainGarden Seeds and Fertilizers

300 Acres In Nursery. One Acre Under Glass. Thirty-Seventh Year. ,

3fl: : "VV'ES'r BAY S'r., JAOKSONVJLL: 11'LA.
sPEcIAZ4'rxEs: :

Specially adapted to Florida and sub-tropical countries. We Handle Only the Best and Most Reliable Seeds. A Complo Stock of
F R U I T T R E E S Peach, Oriental Plums and Pears, Japan Persimmons,
Strawberries, Guavas, Giant Loquat, etc etc. Rare Conifers and Broad-leaved Evergreens, Camellias -
Bran
,Azaleas 50,000 Palms 20,000 Camphor Trees Hedge Plants, Open Ground Grown Roses.. The Hay, Corn; Oats, Flour Wheat, Grits, Meal,
Green House epartment is complete in plants of every class suited to Southern Horticulture. Cat-

alogues No free.Agents.Address p. BERCKMANS, Fruitland Nurseries, Augusta, Ga. Cotton Seed Meal Both Bright and Dark.

-

12 Trial Pks. IGcts1 STATE AGENTSIFOR PURE GROUND BONE-

Yiprt-Illen Fertilizer Co.
,To any farmers In the United States or Canada who ares NITRATE SODA,
y not acquainted with the extra reputation :MarbleheadSeed
have honestly won for purity and reliability we will send a Star Brand Fertilizers OF
POTASH
sample package (a little below ordinary size)of each of the MURIATE: ,
/ following. choice varieties, nil of our own raisin, for 15
I cents, which will but little more than pay for the cost of putting GUARANTEED ANALYSIS. SULPHATE POTASH
Y up and mailing: Crosby's Early Beet, White Spine Cucumber, ,
-''' AIl-Heason's and IIurd-heading Cabbages, Danver Carrot, hickI.
leaved Dandelion, lied and Yellow Danver Onion, Dutch Parsnip, Orange Tree and Vegetable\ KAINIT, Etc .

( Comrade Tomato, Sugar Pumpkin, Lackey's Corn. Catalogue FERTILIZER.These .
Homo Grown Seed, free!
Fertilizers have no superior in the market, and a trial will convince.
J. J. H. GREGORY & CO, Marblehead, Mass Send Catalogue free. .. ...... .,a",: ,
vHfI '
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returns is is probable, that, if you are not.already a patron .
Summer of fertilizers, you will be another season. We have obtained '

H ? others. We can do it for you. .

a higher prices for your crops will increase our fertilizer busi

actually and that is what we are working for. Write to us at No. i,

Try York, for stencil.
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I, <", :!: ; ; YOUR CROPS ? ;

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Decidedly the Handsomest Paying Investment \

secticide Possibly be lIat.leWithout it Inferior

your With it Perfect Growth and Fruitage.From .
melons,
[ Arcadia, Fla.]

: Co.,Jacksonville, Fla.:
Not -I have read with much interest Prof. Pratt's analysis of

,... in the Farmer and Fruit Grower of the 9th inst. I pur
t'v'A
-; [ ] of you about three months ago and sowed it broadcast over '

The cleared up bay-head land. I have now growing over 4,000

: tomato plants, several hundred egg plants, beets, lettuce,
'
onions, all doing remarkably well, all of which I attribute to

stroys' Insecticide and Fertilizer Lime. Less than four months ago

it is a swampy bay-head. I have four acres now to clear up and

the to an acre. Yours truly,

: acre on I JNO. CROSS. ; -.

lime. I .our complete I. &. F. Lime pamphlet, with various opinions j
that I of the State. This insecticide will save your strawberry

during the summer. I II I



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