Florida farmer & fruit grower
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055765/00326
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: S. Powers
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: April 20, 1895
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note: Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038466
oclc - 01387403
notis - AKM6256
lccn - sn 95026761
System ID: UF00055765:00326
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen

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FRUIT GRO\rER./, '?I .e ,I

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I S. POWERS, Publisher and Proprietor. JACKSONVILLE, FLA., APRIL 27, 1895. / I
i'N Whole Number
z 1368.
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58 and 60 West Market St. ,.
119, and 123 Michigan St. 9 r r JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA,

If you are in need of any Fertilizer or Fertilizer Material, and get their .


111 DONT MISS I This opportunity of a life time to obtain Fertilizers at about cost to the.? Manufacturer. .

', )?, .: Correspondence invited and Stencils ;Furnished on Application. Rear of 26 West Bay Street,on river front, midway.between
: Reliable.Agents Wanted at-all, principal shipping,points. I .. Main and Laura Streets.
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,. : r, 83.?Send for. .pocket. memoranda book. '
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References i First'National :Bank'Jacksonville'Fla. Bank Commerce, 'Buf-: n -_,.':;. ..-..... ., .. ";"io. 1 w. i'I< J4n i, '.&'K" .4t .,, ..;, .. : .'
falo, N. 'Y. Dun's and Bradstreet's Agencies. : : \ s.. ',",,'" '\'" I lJ. .:tli''..r. ;"
d. ': 'f" 'f.f"
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100,000FOR : .'THE.- r. j.. _" ,;r.-J K<,f f'" ,:;%'i\r\.r'I.oq. .


To everyone interested in plants our n DOZEN PlNfnpPlf PlnNfS I

N"e: w C a1ogu.e For 18gB FEED WORKS
Will be found invaluable. ,6{ pages; illustrated, described and priced. Send for it. It's Free. Al-
though the recent cold hurt much of our outside stock, we are able to fill orders for almost everything for Saw Mills has lately been imprgved and is absolutely -,
catalogued except Citrus. SALE perfect, Simple, sensitive, durable and
A Specially Fine Line of Economic and Ornamental Plants. cheap. Very quick.GIG .


An Immense Stock of Healthy Pot Grown CAN BE.DElIVERED IN AUGUST varies Variable automatically.to any extent The and easiest in and a great safest measure of all
'E HAVE feeds to handle and the easiest of all to apply.,

VV Guavas, Eugcnlas Camphors, Palms Gardenias Can be Put on any Mill in a Few Hours
Olea Fiiscata and thousands of --* -
Pragrans, Magnolia : ) )
We will loan
other) desirable plants, trees and shrubs adapted to all parts of days to all good mill men free, or of will charge give six for weeks thirty
:For further information write
Florida. Write for our prices. P. J. 15ERCKMANS .. to the lira to apply from each county.
For further particulars apply to the.
F'ruitlas' .d :l1rseries.: : ATJGTTSTA 7 GA.

MAKE HAY AND FORAGE. Governor's Harbor,
Eleuthera, Bahamas. Apopka, Fla.
0 TEOSINTE.. et 10 cents: ounce ii cents:pound $I.cO.; postpaid.- ___.____ Manager.
PEARL MILLET. Pound 35 cents; 4pound.s'$1.25 postpaid 10 pound lots or above by expressor m
freiarht. not prepaid, 20 cents per pound.
KAFFIR CORN AND BRANCHING SORGHUM. Pound 30 cents;4 pounds $i.eo postpaid; CALIFORNIA BUDS
10 pound lots and above not prepaid 15) cents per pound. FLORIDA REAL ESTATE
EARLY ORANGE AND EARLY AMBER SORGHUM. Pound 25 cents: 4 pounds 90 cents ,
postp id. 10 pound lots or above not prepaid, 12 cents per pound.
SPANISH PEANU TSr Pound, postpaid, 30 cents; peck 75 cents; bushel, $2.50 not prepaid. FOR SALEIn Wanted in Exchange for Unencumbered

H. G. HASTINGS & CO. Seedsmen any quantity, nice clean, thrifty Orange and
Lemon Hud Wood of the following varieties: '


(G. L.Taberts new catalogue for 1894-951 recounts 17 years experience with the early, productive and l hardy MALTA ,BLOODS,
Satsuma orange and the vigsious Citrus trifoliata, which, without. protection, stands the winters, as far RUBY BLOODS, Near Station and Bathing Beach
North as Washington, uninjured.) HART'S TARDIFF,
In variety, on both oranges and trilohau tocks: Over 300 varieties offered for Honda and Lower South, Including ,
figs, grapes, apricots, olives, mulberries, pomegranates, almonds, pecans, Japan walnuts, Japan Dancy's Tangerines & Mandarins CHAPIN FARM AGENCY
chestnuts, kumquats, ornamentals, ,

Testing varieties m.- extensive PEACHES.experimental orchards PLUMS.and PEAR9..KAKI.f, purpose considerableexpense Lisbon,JL.TB33VCO3STS.Eureka ,and: ,Villa Franca. 3-23-tf., \ St.. Augustine Fla.
has been a leading feature of the business for 13 years, and has amply repaid the outlay in the infor All true to name. $4.50 per 1,000; $10 for 3,000; ; ....
oration afforded. Guided by results obtained in our own rose gardens, we have selected and offer, as espec- $20| for 7,000. Delivered to any post: office in the
ially well adapted to the climate of this region. State.. Address. ]Best Breed for
SIXTY VAR'ITIIS' ;: ;: ROSES O. D. WI l LH ITE, the South
Devon Milk,
Handsome, 60 page, fruit grower's annual and horticultural handbook, l!rcc. I'ull and correct descriptions; ]Riverside California me j Beef Butter and ,
40 accurate artistic, illustrations, recent results with leading sorts; latest practice and best methods in cul- .
ture and management. Send to G. L. TABER, Glen St. Mary Fla, for new edition"(enlarged and I have known 0. D. Willhite and know him to be As Hardy as ? Working Oxen.
rewritten throughout) of the catalogue of his reliable. Have received buds from himthe past
week in fine condition. Chas. Pugsley, Mannville, ROSELAND PLANTATION
rlorida. Dainbridge, S. W. Ga.




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258 ;', :.... r .. ) THE FLORID FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER. ,:' :" '"'' ,:;. .. "' :::.t -, '. :- j

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,: .. INDIAN BRANDS-These. Fertilizers contain the elements of plant life in their aatural state just as the nice hand -' .

1 of Nature has manufactured them from the plants themselves, not combined artificially with dangerous acids' and alkalies.

They produce good immediate i results; and at the sametime, .are a source of future available fertility to the :soil. They. '

are compounded according to formulas approved by experience and observation of twenty years.


"r .... Per cent.. Per cent. Per cent.

I Ammonia.. .. ..... ..... ................ 3 to 4 Ammonia ...................... .-......... 5 to 6 Ammonia ......... ....<.-.. ........ ...* 4.50to 5.25
M .......:. Avail. Phos. Acid..... .... .... .... ..... 6to 8 Avail. Phos. Acid ...................... 7 to 9 Avail. Phos. .Acid.".. ...... ...'...-.... 8.25to. 9.00
Acid Soluble Phos.Acid. ,.....:\.... ... 2 to 3 Acid Soluble Phosphoric Acid.."..:...... 2 to 3 Insoluble Phosphoric Acid.......... 1.00 to 2.50
S ,ryi1L Total Phos ACId..... .......... ./.... ... 8tolO Total Phos.Acid................. ..... ..". 10 to 12 .Total Phosphoric Acid.............. 9.00 to 11.00
l1a V, ,// u t li'lh %._._._,.. Actual Potash.;:. ...%.. ............... 10to 12 Actual Potash....... .............. ....3to4. % Potash (actual). ...... .....;...... .... 6.50to 7.50
cw ''L : h ,Atl A 1 "
Aii?/( bl )+, PINE: G- .OVN"D :aON"E. -- \ .

. 4u1g :\ Ammonia.;:. ................ .... 4 to 5 per cent | Phosphoric Acid........... .... 20 to 21 per cent. | Equal to Bone Phosphate..44 to 46 per. cent.
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Made of the best by Skilled Mechanics. according to

.' .1' the ,latest approved designs. The most economical, because the

strongest and most durable. /


IMPERIAL Spring Tooth Lever Cultivator. .-' .... \ .
: $
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:" 1111111 I'I 11,' 11 11II IIIBIIIIIIIi Ir'' illl- '. f'.-:',: IMPERIAL: : : JLO-VVS.
li .! .h .
; No.10.: Chilled, weight 80 Ibs.-$9 00
No. 8. 50 Ibs................................;......................... 6 00
.' ':,: No, 9. 65 Ibs........................................................... .700
.''' ", :.., No. 5. .. 46Ibs................-.............Y.............,......:...... 5. 00
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.,: Imperial} Steel "U" Bar Lcycr harrow

The teeth 84) inches long and % inch square. are fastened to the cross bars by
w and be raised lowered to degree of cut taken out for
This implement is very popular in all fruit-growing districts ; Apple, Peach, Orange ing.

Groves, Tobacco and Corn Culture, and for Truck.Farming has.no equal. harrow bar and are highly carbonized to add stiffness and prevent bonding or petting
out of shape. A forward movement of the handle throws the teeth into a horizontal
\ position, allowing the rubbish to escape Brackets attached to each corner turn down
Made with seven or eight spring teeth. Easily adjusted for depth with lever from
when the teeth are out of the ground and make transportation over unplowed ground
rear. Unloads trash readily ; stirs and pulverizes the ground thoroughly. Made of steel easy. Three feet nine inch sections, four bara each. -
One section,'24 teeth. % inch cuts 3 feet 9 inches..............................$ 8 00
and malleable iron ; finished nicely; and bound to give satisfaction. wherever used. Two sections 48 teeth % inch, cuts 7 feet 6 inches..........................., 15 00
Adjusted for depth. These prices include draw bars.
Send for 'complete catalogue and price lists of Fertilizers Agricultural Imple-
2 sections, 17 teeth....................,:...,............;..,......,...,.....,,....................$18 00 ments, Pumps, Hose, Pine Apple, Tomato and Berry Crates, etc. .

2 sections, 15 teeth- ........,\,.....................,.......................;.,...,.............."... 16 00 .' E::. :am.A.JSr: :; ,

1 section, 7 teeth...................,............i... ..:..j.......,........-...................... 8 00 Jao1 socv..i.11eJ: Fla. ,
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N. E. Corner Bay and Main Streets.OVER .

Ta-clssorcwllle, Fla. 4 L'ENGLE'S DRUG STORE. .,


ALABAMA; DOMESTIC LUMP, FOUNDRY Orange Groves, Timber Tracts, Improved

COKE AND PIG IRON. 'and Unimproved Property for Sale or

Cypress Shingles, Georgia and Florida Brick, Portland and Roseudale Exchange.

Cements, Plaster, Hair,Lath, Etc. Florida State Agents for Shelby .MONEY LENDING A SPECIALTY.

Rock Lime. Agents for Longman & Martinez Pure .

Paints. Proprietors Jacksonville Shingle Mill. TEI..EPIIONE IS1-

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$2 PER Florida Fruit $2 PER

YEAR. Farmer and Grower. YEAR.

Pear Culture in East Florida. fruit there is employed as careful a the uncommon cold j of> last winter. kept out of the trunks of trees by mak- .
The weather which proved so disastrous system as in the best orange groves.It The:rest show no injury whatever and ing a mound of earth around the
for the orange groves was very is found that pear limbs are brittle are mostly loaded with bloom. They trunks.-Mechanics'\ :Monthly.
and easily broken, hence no laddersare were all imported from Japan and are I. ,
favorable deciduous fruits
especially allowed to be used in picking any small and low compared with those budded No Fences.
pears, in the belt next north. Pears, more than can be helped. The Gem : on native roots. Very few, if any, Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: '
peaches! and plums have flourished fruit picker is employed for all excepta : are over seven feet high, though they How many of those who peruse
uncommonly this spring. It is said few of the topmost fruits on the tall- I are mostly young. your valuable paper will give heed to
that the blight has disappeared ,from est trees. This is ,a simple wire cup These have proved a profitable crop the statements of- W. S. Moore\ of
on top of along pole. With this the every year except one. Last year there Halifax county, N. C., who writes you
Middle Florid, while in East Florida in regard to the operation of the no-
picker is enabled to select the largest was such an abundance of peaches in
it""has never, appeared to any extent, pears and to land them in his basket the-'Northern markets that Japan per- fence law in his locality ? To one who
and the trees ,are looking remarkablyclean without the slightest injury. Each simmons were not in demand and did. has studied the matter carefully his
and healthy, and have startedout "' words convincing, because
tree culled over several times dur- not pay for shipping. very
with a vigorous growth. The ing the season and the largest and I. I practical and right to the point ; and
cool weather, prolonged so late, has ripest pears ,taken off, which, enablesthe Diseases of Peach Trees. yet there are many other reasons why
given the trees a good send-off, where tree to develop to a this law should become general that
usually they get somewhat stunted in merchantable size that many would pears other- Some years ago, a gentleman residing he does not mention.
their spring growth by, the strong, wise have to be rejected as culls. "near Cincinnati created a sensationby First. It is not just for one to keepa
.dry heat preceding the rainy season. This seem: a slow and tedious what he regarded a new, method of few miserable head of cattle and' a }'
Pear culture in the old cotton- of may picking, but in view of this keeping peach trees healthy. All that dozen razor-backs in the community to
growing sections of Middle Florida method way of culling the trees ,and the he did was to pileup earth about the destroy the growing crops of his neigh-
got a long start of the flat woodsof loss of time that would result from trees," the mound reaching up to the bors, unless those neighbors expendfive
East Florida, because the latter were moving the,ladder ,every time a half- branches. It took. several cart loadsof times as'much in fences as all the
not well adapted to general farming, dozen or a dozen were gathered earth to make these mounds, and stock is worth. .
and were, therefore, not settled up ; it is an advantage.The pears. the little orchard had the appearanceof Second. If half the money expendedin
and from this fact has arisen the be-. are shipped in three bushes growing out of the, top of the fences were expended in growingfine
lief that the lighter and drier 'soils of grades. pears The largest and finest are cone of earth. Every one used to lookon stock it would make Florida one
Middle Florida were better suited to wrapped singly in tissue printed and laugh at the thought of bury- of the wealthiest States in the Unionin
pear culture. But priority in this by'the Jersey City Printing paper Companyand ing up the trunk of a tree in order to ten years' time, for in one case the
case does not prove superiority.From shipped in the ordinary ,24-quart make it healthy ; but there were the money would bring a rich returnwhile
.year to year we have watched carrier, each containing six baskets. trees, and undoubtedly models of in the other it is a dead loss.
with interest the growth.and development The second grade is into the health. Those who saw, simply stated Third. There should at least be a
of.the Le Conte pear grove of box containing about put pear their belief that if it was only a' coinci-- local option in regard to fences. In
Mr. J. Crawshaw, Jr., at Lawtey, be- the third and last grade forty shipped pounds in; dence, and that the trees would 'probably some localities where there'is but little
cause,it.is a typical flat woods orchard. barrels,without The fruit from have been as healthy'without the cultivation of the soil, and most of the
There are forty acres enclosed on the this is frequently wraps. sold in advanceon mound of earth as with it. Since it land btlongs to the State it is well
north side of the road and ten on the account grove of its reputation. has come to be well recognized that. enough to let the herds,of cattle roam ----
south side, but there are' only about There has been no since the many of the diseases of plants, not at will ;; but in thickly settled communities 4
sixteen acres of pears yet in bearing. trees began to bear at all year when there merely of the peach tree, but of'other no man should have the right
Part of the area is still implanted, has not been at least a third of a trees are,caused by mycelium of"a' to compel others to fence, against his
part is in Japan: persimmons, part in Last the yield was the lightestin crop. minute,fungus'attacking the roots, it is stock, and, the will of the majority
plums and part in oranges; the latterare proportion year to the size and age of not at all unlikely,that this mound of should rule in regard to.it.
now dead to the ground, and will the trees that has been harvested ; the earth operated beneficially, by pre- This matter was tested in the Legis-
be'entirely uprooted and" replaced was 1,005 crates, while the venting 'the growth of the fungus lature four years ago, but was defeated .
year ,
crop I which the roots of trees. It of South Florida.
with pearsand persimmons. The before it had been about 3,000. Yet preys on by the
planting will continue until the fifty the price was so good that this reduced is now well understood,that all plantsof Evidently they were afraid even of
acres are covered. number} netted ,about as much a low order of vegetation which we local option, but right principles are
"The land is almost as level as a the larger yield the before.moneyas ;. know as fungi, will only grow under eternal, and eventually they will pre-
prairie, and in the higher parts it is a year a peculiar combination of circum .
light, sandy soil, breaking down into The trees ,are now done with their I. stances. ,Among other things they vail.One of your editorials says? alfalfa
a. number of bay heads' or cypress customary spring shedding must be very near the surface of the "will never be a real and general suc-
''swamps a few feet lower: than the gen- the pears now left, with very few exceptIOns earth, and if buried to the depth they cess in this State." Will you please
eral level, which are of a.high degreeof will remain and ripen. Thereare would be under a mound, it is unlikelythat say why ? Here in St. Johns countyit
fertility. One of these in particular yet really more hanging on than fungi would find a satisfactoryhome. has proven a most marvelous suc-
is pointed out where the water the branches should bear. The trees ., Some will say right here that cess, yielding over four tons to the
stood originally eighteen inches deep, in this grove are carrying, in our opin, they thought burying up the trunks of acre from the very start, and although
ion, a hundred per cent. more fruit and the surface roots freeze is
from which the earliest plantings of trees covering killed down by the heavy ,
oranges were watered twelve or'fifteen than other trees of the same age in with earth was destructive to health ; now ready for mowing. Mr.\ Dale the
years ago. These are now cleared and groves about Lawtey which are not but the burying by itself is not the head gardener of the Ponce de Leon '
drained, and in them stand some of cultivated. It would not surprise us reason trees die when earth is piled grounds, is loud in its praise, and oth-
the finest pear trees of the orchard, ofa if 5,000 boxes were shipped this sea- over them to a considerable depth, but ers have had such good returns fromit
son, besides many barrels of culls, from the fact that the their acre-
dark, rich foliage and a magnificent young, growingroots that they are increasing
which are never put on the market at do not air. These Besides its it is
spread, the picture of health and fruit- get young, age. rapid growth
fulness. Some of these trees, only all.The growing,roots, are almost all at the ex- perennial, only needing an occasionaltop
L seven or eight years old, will, we Kieffers are simply a phenomenon tremities, and the 'mound of earth dressing to make it yield bounti
produce this year six or seven but then this is customary with around the trunk would- not in the fully. Then, too, it strikes its roots so
I boxes apiece. The whole grove is this variety. They have to be thin- slightest degree injure these roots. deep in the 'soil that drought has less I
planted on slightly raised beds, but ned every year to prevent the branches Whenever a, valued tree is somewhat effect on it than almost any other grass
; they are thrown up no higher in the from breaking. The proprietors find buried, it is customary to leave a space' grown. .
old bayheads than elsewhere the Kieffers moderately profitable, net- around the trunk, perhaps building a If this is not all true, will the editor
The grove is plowed shallow twicea ting them about $2.50 a barrel ; and dry wall, .in order to keep the earth say why ? ,
: year and is fertilized twice. One they prolong the time of harvesting and i from getting near-the trunk but thisis 0. Br SMITH.\
application consists of blood and, bone, relieve the pressure of the busy season. not that the earth .is injurious, but St Augustine, Fla,
the other of double manure salt, or 50 Hence they,are satisfied with them and to give a chance for water to flow We do not think alfalfa will ever
per cent sulphate of potash, at the will plant more. They prefer them freely down into the soil, and the flow become a general success in this State.
rate of'about one pound of the potashto budded on LeConte roots, but find of water always leads to a flow of air First, because it is so difficult to geta
three or four of the blood and bone. they do very well on their own roots. following the water. These remark stand and to carry the young plants
: There is not, and never has been, the KAKIS.. suggested by an article in an agri- through the first few months in the
I slightest indication of blight.In Out of about 1,000 trees of this cultural paper, stating that the apple light, hot, sandy soils of Florida,

I the picking, and shipping.. : of the fruit less than twenty were killed by borer and the peach borer have been Second. Because there is so little..
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Unless you know who you are dealing with. "OII AP" Fertilizers are dear at any price.! Our motto is, "GOOD FERTILIZER CHEAP," \
t (not; Cheap Fertilizers at Low Prices) and wo point with pride to the reputation attained by the LITTLE BROS..' Brands wherever used. .' I
For present conditions 'we recommend the use of the following brand described in our' circular Jotter.of December 31, 1894, and which 1
has already been used extensively: ",

G6 1Jrr\\tJ) Dp Jf? h 1ID t'Jir"P J!n 1 B.AJi "I I Spec attention is also called to the following brand: ',I,
Q ) Wffl :?mTI
j lffl ) m
S W J i !lli.t ir" S !1,(I"h Q
Ammonia........................................................ 6 to 7 per cent I .
Available Phosbhoric Acid?...?...................... 4 to 6 .. Ammonia ............................................. 2 to 4 per cent
Potash((actual 1)).......................................,..........3 to 4 *'. Available Potash (actual Phosphoric) ......:..A....'d'......:....,6......,..... 4 to to 8 6 "" '".
PRICE, $32.00 Per Ton, f. o. b., Jacksonville. PRICE, $22.00 Per Ton, f. o.,b., Jacksonville
Lowest prices on Cotton Seed Meal, Nitrate Soda, Sulphates and Muriates of Potash. Write us:for prices on'anything you may.need.UTTLE .. -


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f depth of soil or of subsoil here, and we husk it and put it.into bushel crates ful of not being able to'dispose of all the roots, saying that they lead been
alfalfa delights in a soil of great and, cover to keep out flies. J our crop, but a few weeks ago 'we gota imposed upon by some party who had
depth and fertility. The evaporator we use is our own larger order than we could fill. Our sent them roots not true to name, and
Possibly, with great painstaking, in construction, after our own plans, for price for crop averaged about 6% cents hence,they feared that the roots, sent
:small lots, alfalfa may be made a suc- there is no patent dryer on the market per. pound, sacks included. to me by them were not the 'true '
cess, and we should,.be glad to see the that gives satisfaction in corn. To min-. As I have often stated, the greatest' ,Polygon sachalinense.! A few .
culture of it extend all over the State, utely describe the evaporator would.re- drawback to the sweet corn business is weeks ago they sent roots of what they
but have little hope of it.Evaporating quire more space than we can ask for. that,but few women understand howto claimed, to be the true ,sacaline; 'which
I Suffice to say, it is built of brick witha properly prepare it for the table. were planted besides the ones sent a
i Sweet Corn. wood framework on top containingthe They, usually put it on the.stove and year ago. The new plants are now
._ tin wire trays on which we place boil it.for a half day and then con- growing'finely. If the new ones are
We offer next week as a premium a the corn. It is divided by a center demn it for being so tough and taste-: the true sacaline, the ones sent a year
cook stove dryer which has been tested wall into two apartments, a furnace less._ Evaporated corn, as we put it ago ;are evidently not true, as the difference = _
in this State, and approved. It isf heater in each. No. 1, a green dryerrun up, has been cooked all it needs to be between .them is easily seen
't. generally used for drying fruit, but at 2000, No. 2, 'finishing dryer, and the proper thing tordo is to wash The Botanist of the Department of '
run at-about 150 to 175. The wire in. cold 1 water, then place cold (notwarm Agriculture: advises me
'; will dry vegetables and corn equally trays are 2x3,: feet and we, have 63 in }) water over it, put in some warm that"the Polygonum sent me first, from ,
, well. There is no reason why the number, and with this dryer we can place and let it soak as long as you Rochester, isprobably the Polygonum
,; gardner in Florida can not have succotash run out 150 pounds of cured corn, per can, up *to twelve ]hours in wipter. ,cuspidatum, and that it has no value J
&::1.\;, both summer and winter. as Then put proper seasoning in and as a forage plant. But, before destroying .
)-" well as his i northern friends. The following day.The trays will hold about 25 gal- cook long enough to cook the season- the plants, some, of the forage was
'valuable article is from the lons of corn each, and we begin filling ing. This plan is the only one, by offered to working mules which were
Ohio Farmer: until which you can preserve the natural kept in the stable and fed with dry
lower first then second
,rows etc.
The growing of a crop of sweet corn_ if the food and also in
full. The corn is finished in dryer fresh corn flavor. Of course to hogs, kept a yard,
does not _(differ materially from that of : f god. These
in corn has not been treated properly not, receiving any green )
No 2
we are putting
field corn, except that it needs a soil corn 'and taking out cured corn green most during evaporation, you cannot makea animals ate the forage readily, and
:, that will hold moisture better, as it good article of it. As I am writing, seemed to relish it. I have thereforenot
of the time. '
uses much n.ore. moisture than does this 9th day of March, I smell the destroyed the plants, but am, propagating -
field corn. On this same:! account it The ears after husking are steam aroma from the kitchen, which reminds a small part of them. In a
: requires shallow but very clean culti- cooked in an air-tight cooker, but do me we are to have .a dish of fewmonths I shall be able to say
(. 1 vation. You cannot let grass grow not touch the water. After being evaporated green ,beans for dinner. whether this polygonum, even if it is
: among it in a dry season and expectto cooked the corn goes to the cutting They have as bright a color and as not the true sacaline, has any'worth asa ,-
get mush corn. We find all in all, knifes where our women experts will fresh a taste as though brought in forage plant. It is undoubtedly a
that hill culture best results as cut a tray each of 21 gallons in from
gives fresh from the garden in August. We vigorous grower, even on sandy soils. i
'J' it is easier to keep clean. It is not 3 3 to 3 J minutes. The knives are three could hardly get along now without Every plant has an abundance of
i., practicable always to plant so as to circular blades cutting the grains into evaporated sweet corn and. beans, but strong roots, and grows a luxurianttop.
r, ;. cultivate both ways ; then we plant in three pieces. Four strokes usually we have nearly dispensed with expensive This vigorous growth suggeststhe
hills, but only cultivate one way. For clean an ear. An awl made for the pork. possibility. that it will become a
example, the coming season I expect purpose is placed in the end of the cob I real pest aSa weed.
, to use a couple of acres as a catch and after the corn is off the cob is Sacaline. The sacaline roots sent this spring!
J. crop among berries just set out. I intend dropped on the outside of the building Editor Farmer and Fruit Qrower: / by the Rochester firm are now growing "
f. ) to plant very thin so as not, to through a V-shaped aperture. When .Not a .few .questions have come to finely. In a few months I shall be
& _,' damage the plants much ; however''wealways working at full capacity two .men have my office as to sacaline (Polygonum able to report their growth in this
}.: aim at planting thin, and each all they can do to handle the dryer sachalinenso),. the forage plant about State throughout the year, and as tb
:j year thinner than before. We aim at and cooker, as the .corn requires con- which ,some newspapers and nursery- whether stock eat the forage readily .
I:, two stalks to the hill, and the hills 3Jx3J tinual stirring and shifting to keep it mem are saying so much. More thana or not. From word that comes to me
.. feet. Last season in' handling the from souring and scorching. On a year ago I received circulars from a from many sources, it is probable that
. crop from 16 acres we found the most damp; rainy day it requires very close firm in France, proposing to !send me the sacaline may prove to be an in-
:. convenient, mode for gathering to be a attention. The heat is all producedwith roots and seeds. About the same time jurious weed. It will be well for all
. sled that will go between two rows wood, and eaqh of the three fires circulars came from a nursery.firm in to 'be somewhat cautious in growing it.
' with a long narrow box on top and a consumes about as much wood per day Rochester, N, Y., saying they had Very truly ,yours, O, OLUTE.
, horse to draw it. If the dryer is far as one needs on a cold winter day to plants for sale. An order at once Lake City, April 22, '95.. i
<, ". from the field reload onto a wagon at keep a room comfortable. Corn requires went to the Rochester firm for some' Your correspondent I spent Saturdayand
:,,':' the end; if near, draw direct to dryer. from four to eight hours for roots, which were set out on the Sta- Sunday in the western part of the
:;; One cannot lay down any set, rule curing, owing to heat used, etc. tion farm. They grew last season county and was surprised to see tho
to go by for pulling, except as experience ,After it is cured we run all corn very well, indeed. The roots receivedwere amount of energy displayed by the
,.:: > will teach. All corn should through a windmill to take out silks small root-cuttings, not larger farmers in that section. Much new
:.' be filled out plump at the end; on and cob dust. As fast as cured we than the little finger. The foliage was land has been cleared up and planted,
::;s[ Stowell's Evergreen a few husks maybe put it into new two-bushel sacks hold- killed to the-ground by the first sharp and old, fields 'which have lain idle for
;u.: turning white. After pulling it ing 100 pounds. We market in same frost in the fall. The roots lived have been placed under cultivation
should be evaporated as soon as possible. sacks. Wo sell mostly to jobbers, but through the winter perfectly, and began Corn is the principal crop, and
J..: Never leave it in a bulk long, or it this season we were compelled 1:, to sell growth early this spring. The thousands of acres of it 'can be seen.
will heat and sour and make 'a very considerable to retailers. On accountof plants are now looking well, Some We will have a great deal more of that
- poor article. When we are compelled the hard times prices ruled lower time ago a letter was received from the grain this year than will be needed for
':'t to leave corn lie any length of time, this season than last, and we were fear- Rochester firm, of whom I had bought home consumption-Marion Times.
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::4 -...- & SUDLOW,' SPECIAL TONIC '. ':;

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.' PRICE $25 Per TON. .
-', ,:, :' AMMONIA.............. .s............ ........... ........:...... 5 to 6 Per Cent. .
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:-.. .; POTASH, K20, ACTUAL .............. ... ........ .......... 7 to8 Delivered to. Any Depot in. Florida for Cash.
I. .

". : Summer Pruning.: lengthen. As there is said( to be a ing of peas was planned and executedfor Alfalfa In Florida. -' .

'< Edited' by E. DUBOIS, ;Tallahassee Fla. supreme moment in each human life the purpose of verifying the first, Under the ]head, "AJfalfajn Flori-

I enclose herewith a clipping which in which fortune is made or marred, so but the results varied but little and in da," there appeared in last week's

: I think would .prove of some interestto there is but one opportune? and supreme the majority of cases none at all. The ,Free Press an article quoted from the

your readers. The article is valuable moment for pruning the'vine.:' In the two plantings are reduced to an aver- Orlando Reporter It states that Mr.\

for, our Florida grape growers, ordinary practice, as above described, age. .Frash thinks "that in the sandy soil
some of whom. summer-prune their I assert and maintain that this propi- A good rain fell in less than twenty- along the sloping lake shores of Flori-

vines to.death. E. Duuois. tious time to begin pruning is before four hours after,each planting and the da, with a little fertilizer and the
and not after blossoming. I pinch off. conditions were favorable both
I take it that will all that very ground well prepared, alfalfa will
we agree an inch of the ends of the canes as soon for germination and growth. The table a success."
the of is fruit prove
object pruning to. grow as,,they:,have grown to either three or represents the average of two plant-
This statement to misleading
and intact the health and seems me -
preserve energies
four five buds and bear of six varieties.
or little clus- ings
of the vine, but in my judgment ? and if the Free Press will 'allow
and according to my observation. and ters of-grapes, according to the strength I .d.). me space in its columns I would liketo
of the vine the
or species .or variety .
experience, neither of these objects is I dro give my experience, extending over
One develop II)
operated species -
the old More upon. may o U1 ((1) fifty intending alfalfa -
\ promoted ,by practice. ,m ,g m years growers.
but two clusters to a cane. Another -
.' ... .
fruit, may be grown by a different sys- ; 2 -;
. ,,'tem of summer pruning and higher may grow five clusters. Of course .'S c... ..ti...: ::5 CJ! c 0""((1)4 Alfalfa or luzerne can surely be
weak'vines should be
: 'health of the vine be conserved. And very summer t,4 Ztj 0 successfully grown not only on sandy
pruned at all. By this. of early'
will all that the ystem First appearance above ground 4 3 1 4 lake shores, but on land which will
.. we again.agree greatest pinching the canes seem to lengthenand First blossom....... ............ 4M'4 1 6
danger that threatens this industryis the energies of the vine turnedto First ripe pods........... ..... 8 6 1 9 I. produce an average good crop of corn
the insidious attacks of the various are or potatoes ; but ,success means, more
The acid the
the development of fruit instead of phosphate plots vere
little fertilizer and)
than "a properly
the of .
sporadic dis.eases'during season
earliest in instance and the
wood. The leaves are also'enlarged every fig- "
It is the.
It has been uniform prepared ground. great
growth. my ex- in the other columns the
the where ures
just at points large, vigorous represent
mistake of too Florida farmersto
perience for about te. y.ePtrs.that this. many
leaves needed ,to and above ground, the blossomsor
of cutting'and slaving the vine are support appearance !!! !. let all their stock to roam at will
system develop the fruit, and not alone are the the ripe pods; as the case maydays be,jn, '
outside their farm fences for
the ,
just at most critical period of its ..
later than the acid phosphatelots. '
leaves uppn,the main canes so enlarged; I
annual is the their living,,wasting their manure,
development mainly cause
The kainit and seed
but the laterals are forced out and [1> cotton
of and invites the-attack of the several and then to expect'paying! crops'from
their leaves enlarged until there results meal plots 'were four days later than
vine diseases known ,as black: rot, an- well the acid and the naturally ]poor, or. througibcessive :
abundance of developed phosphate plots,
thracnose, etc/ cropping, impoverished soil, \vnir}$t! --..- j
nitrate of soda three later in
leaves, just at the proper places upon days appearing -
the aid of suitable with
Now let few manure, or
us stop a mOl1ent.sj
above .
the vines to insure the growth and ground.The
but little of it and is ?'.
look into and consider this matter.. I alfalfa no e
difference in time of .
'maturity of the increased amount of greatest
The vine under natural conditions ception from the rule.
The recorded with' the
fruit to be grown. old rule was blossoming was
Do alfalfa
not to
is never summer pruned or its growth Dwarf the first blossoms try on poor
to pinch the laterals to.one leaf; but I Sugar variety- -
lard it will be failure. On the
checked but under cultivation it must ; a
the cotton seed meal
allow, several leaves to develop and appearing on
other hand if started and
be controlled, and this control ,must, nine later than the acid properly
pinch as they reach, toward the top of plot days on
cared for there is hardly better
therefore much
come as as, possible,
the trellis. Leaves at the ends of long phosphate plots.
the critical but when ing crop ; surely no better paying for-
not at
season, Later in the the
canes,}instead supporting the devel- season experimentwas
the vine is dormant in fall and winter age crop than alfalfa, and every farmer -
fertile soil.
opment of fruit, detract from" it and repeated on wore Only
who keeps stock of kind oughtto
and it follows that what summer any
the Dwarf Blue used but
impoverish the supply of nutriment for Imperial was ,
suitable of land
set a piece
must be done should be apart
pruning not the difference in the time of
the fruit. But if we wait and cut offa : germination for its culture.
: done in a rude way, but to prevent foot or two of the ends of the canes blossoming, and ripening from
the least .possible .interference with the after blossoming over, this supreme the effects of the fertilizers, was slight This land should be free from weeds, _

vine's natural growth and development. moment is forever lost, and the more and irregular, except where acid phos- preferably land which had some head

And in doing this pruning we we cut off the smaller the leaves at phate was used, and this fertilizer ad- crop just before"have a good dressingof

must study the several organs of the the important points of development, vanced the peas less than two days. well rotted stable manure or com-
vine and economies ,not to do post and be deeply plowed and well
so as near the.fruit clusters.. Then there is 'This slight difference, as comparedwith
.violence to its vital functions. And harrowed and leveled. Do not be
this further advantage by this system the earlier plantings, may have
again, I opine we will agree that all of early pruning. There is but a been due'.to the lateness of the season, afraid, to put on too much fertilizer,
the activities of the vine I for can't a failure of an alfalfa
enormous' are minute portion of the vine sacrificed but more probably to the increased you ;
.. and must be carried and plot is far more serious than that of
on through ofthe'soi1 there
and. thrown -an inch or two, in- fertility already being
... by its leaves or the\ foliage. Here, stead of a foot or two. Of course no present more nearly the requisite quan- any other crop, because alfalfa is ex-

then, is the vital point of the whole developed leaves are sacrificed( all the tity of phosphoric acid. But that acid pected to last ten or more years, and

matter. Never rudely sever the canes strengthand energies of the vine are phophate has-and independent of the an imperfect "catch". means in so

i.. or cut'ofl" the developed leaves or foliage thus maintained and turned to good increase in yield resulting' from its usea many years considerable loss. If'sta-

of the vine, for the moment this account and but little shock or checkto tendency tox hasten the growth and blo manure cannot be applied in sufficient -
is done the vine's if I quantity, then chemical fertilizerof
nervous ( may future growth is given and conse- maturity of many plants is an estab-
;' use the expression) energies'and func'tions weakening or enervation of lished fact. As the highest prices are some good brand, with plenty of .

," .. are disturbed, its health endangered ; health quent avoided.Vineyardist.Effect often paid for the earliest vegetables, potash in it, must be sown broadcast

.. ;" debility follows and disease is the marget gardener and.truck farmer and harrowed in before sowing the

... .. invited,and if the weather be at all I I might by a liberal and judicious use of seed. Most\ all our soils are badly

,F" ',:: "'" unpropitious disaster comes on apace. of Acid Phosphate in Hast- acid phosphate get his goods on the lacking in potash, and this ingredientis

Ij ir9, '.:-: ,But here, at this point, :you all dis- ening Maturity.' market a few days. earlier.-Ark. Ex. just what alfalfa needs to give best

r '<:; ; .sent, and say we must summer jprune. This experiment was not at first Station. results. For seeding down the prepared -

I I:' :, '.;_l"' True, very true, you are right ; I entirely planned, but in making a record of _.---- -,0. r I land( wait in the spring until

' agree with you. The mannerof the per cent of peas germinating from' Mr. L.' 0. Thrupp who last. fall pur- all danger from frost is past (just now
pruning is the question. I do not the fertilized plots it was noticed that chased the Bass place', adjoining the would be a good time), then use seed

> call it pruning. only: pinch in a half, all the varieties fertilized with acid Hill and'Powell properties, at Troy, has, liberally, twenty pounds per acre is
is evi
'faith in Florida! as
I ,
' of the three or four an abiding not a bit too much, and to insure a
: or'at most, an inch of the tips phosphate were up days denced by the fact that he is clearingand
'canes, and I do this continuously until, before the same 'varieties fertilized with setting: six acres to orange trees. uniform stand, it is better to go twiceor

.growth ceases or the\ canes cease to the other materials. The second plant- Orlando Reporter even three times over the land.

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j HFj: FLORIDA FA&MEft AND FRttttf 'dfoWE1t.r < : __ "


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; ,. '. '> : .:>. :'::: :
, :
. 4-2 to 5 1-12 per cent. ."'; .v. -:: .. ,.- ,.
1"' : '. <. .' Available Phosphoric Acid, 4 1-2 to 6 per cent. .. ':.:.. x ..... '. ;' '-.. ..>}
i i r. Potash Sulphate, n to 13 per cent. _' ':, "
i -Made Exclusively from Nitrate of Soda, Cotton Seed Meal, Blood and Bone, Acid Phosphate and'Sulphate of Potash: : ':.: .: ::

!L., S :Price $f'7 :Per -rOJ:1: : :F. C>. BI: .. -:: ; :::

r-- d.f.-: ::::
if We also have a large supply of J. H..Baker&'Bro.'s Celebrated Complete Manures in stock. Also, Nitrate of Soda,'Bloo'd a. .. .

p r ? Bone, Acid Phosphate, Dissolved, Bone, Selected Kentucky Tobacco Stems, Ground Tobacco Stems, etc. '. /.. ..: ;:


/ & TOOMER .'. :
: .
;' :. The fertilizer :Souse of Florida.Bright '"
Cotton Seed Meal, $20 PerxTom ". ... d.;; :.
.Dark Cotton Seed Meal, $16.50 Per Ton. ________* .______n. "
Thick seeding is essential to choke count of the failure of the cabbagecrop entire list of vegetables grown in this all fungous diseases. If 'the,soil! lacks f',

and keep out foul] growth, weeds, etc., one of"the' great tonnage, they State. nitrogen, apply it early in nitrate of :'
and give a sure catch, whereas thin say that the bulk of the crop will not They are especially hopeful of the soda, and with a plentiful supply of -
r growing promotes the growth of weeds, be so large. This does not include cantaloupe and muskmelon crop, phosphate and potash** Most of this
which will ultimately kill the alfalfa watermelons'a larger crop which by which is now in beautiful condition, early application will be used by the
plants. I much prefer to sow alfalfa ten times will be raised this year than. and promising of the best-returns." plant before the fruit begins to set, andit
: alone. instead of mixing it with oats, ever before. "Strawberries," says Colonel Os- greatly increases the productivenessof ;-
t etc. After sowing.the seed should be The separate estimate on acreage of borne, of the Southern Express Com- the plants thus treated.-American .
1 lightly brushed in and the.land rolled the general freight agents whose lines pany, "have benmoyJngL.fpjLJonjejdSXSf Cultivator >

j with a good roller. There will alwaysbe tap the principalwatermelpn' .growing.... 0 --j S lio not see any in the ,.e__.__ ............ ...-.--.,',I ..
plenty of weeds coming up with the sectfOJf"tE'State::) are as follows : Jacksonville market because the Growing Okra. in the South. -- .

,: alfalfa and it is :necessary; to.,IJHup-} { ( 'FTO.&P..................:...:.. ..5,300 growers are realizing from, 25 to, 40 Okra is planted at the same time as- -
:.. '" the coarser,kinds oftU. a K'by"harnd and Plant System....................... 2,000 cents quart in Eastern markets.."- cotton, any time .from March 20th to
let, the. rest ,gxefirimtii. the clover is J., T. & K. W..................... 1,143 Colonel Osborne also says, that May 20th., the earlier the better. The
.. ... about J IiTfbot t high j then... cut all 'together Florida Southern.................. 1,386 Florida's peach crop this year will Southern smooth pod, known to manyas
:-L--- '-----':JX'U and make)hay of it. Other .lines.-..,.. 1,000 amount to more than ever before, and White Velvet, is by all odds the
will/ then -- that it will get in on the'ground floor,
j Before fall you ,, get an- best variety. It will grow on almost
other? fair crop/ Total......................... ...10,829 so far as prices are concerned.-. any kind of soil that is fairly rich, but -'
Alfalfa is ready to cut when it be- The estimate i in solid cars of this Times-Union.. a sandy.loam is perhaps the best for.it. _'
gins to bloom ; if it stands too long acreage is between 5,000 and 8,000. We have no .desire to throw cold The true smooth pod, has no lateral -
and gets too old it. loses much of'its The growers calculate that they will water on theSe hopeful calculations, branches, and can be planted some-
k leaves and becomes tough and strawy. reach the market three weeks ahead of yet, in the interest of truth, we think what closer,than other varieties. Three -
This is also the result if by drying a the Georgia. melon, and will also beat they had better be discounted some- feet, however, is close enough and'wide.,
crop it is handled too ,much or too the Georgia and South Carolina truckto what. The inexperience and lack of enough. Sow the seeds ten or twelve
roughly. the market from fifteen to twenty- fertilizer on the part of many of the to the running foot,in shallow drills ;
Alfalfa, green or dry, is greatly relished five.days.A growers will doubtless reduce the cover lightly and roll The sowing can'

by all kinds of stock ; they few car-load shipments have already above estimates.. .. be made'on a level or on slightly raised '
thrive on it without the addition of been made, but the movementwill beds, as cotton is sown. One plant to
any grain. An application of land begin in earnest in the course of Tomato Hot. every ten or twelve' inches' is, about
plaster or ashes (or both)' once a 'year the next.ten days. A correspondent'recommends.planting right. Thin out to stand when eight,
is sufficient to produce good crops for "Never before," said Capt. J. H. tomatoes'in new soil, or'that which or ten inches high, and give several
several years ;: then stable manure or Stephens, of the Plant System, to a has not grown this crop for at least shallow cultivatings. If one likes to
chemical fertilizer 'will give good re Times-Union man, "have I seen the two seasons,' in order to-prevent the have the vegetable abundantly late in, '- '
turns. In our latitude frost will not crops so flourishing in Florida as theyare rot which often attacks this fruit. Our the season it is best to make another .
kill the plants, but will of course, cut to-day. ,Everything seems to be own experience with the tomato indi- planting in June or. late in July. ,
down the just then growing crop.I growing beautifully, and the growersare cates that this is not an entire pre- From this late planting the winter ."
believe that many farmers were in high feathers. I think, too, ventive. The rot appears on plants supply for soup can.be put up: While
deterred from planting this excellent that the prices will be good, for you that were grown on land that never the pods are still tender, but quite -
.forage plant by the high price of its know there has been but little fruit in produced tomatoes before. The cause, large, cut into pieces about an inch "
seed, but now I find it quoted in an the market this year, and the appetiteof as we think, is an excess of nitro- long and dry in the shade. When .
advertisement of the Free Press at the consumers in the North is genous,fertility with too little mineral dry put into paper bags.-American ,; '\ .:e,
$2.25 per 15 pounds,. or 15 cents a whetted for something in the way of plant food. The application of phos- Agriculturist. >...
pound, and if some neighbors would fruit and vegetables. phate and potash manures containinglittle J -. I ; ". ,.,/-'
IP club an order together the cost of "If present prices are an indication, or nc nitrogen increased the Lakeland hustling and wide-awake ,,.
freight would be reduced to a minimum the Florida; grower will make some yield,of tomatoes, and without rot, ina nurseryman, Mr. 0. M. Marsh, has been .
part of what he lost in the freezes of garden where they had 'long been busily engaged during the past two '. .
Try it, brother farmers. Marion December and February.. grown. The rot is a fungous disease, weeks budding his nursery stock. Just : ;.. "\.;
Free Press. "The growers, on the whole, have and can be lessened by applications of before the first freeze he cut something -

,' used more judgment in their plantingthis the Bordeaux mixture. But a better and near by 30,000 waxing slips,the different ends preserved varieties, .- ..
year than ever before. They have way is to fertilize with liberal dressings them until the trees began to grow.
The Coming Vegetable Crops. diversified their crops, and not put all of phosphate and potash applied By this streak of good luck, we might i
The general freight agents of the of their eggs in one basket. They will early enough in the season to be avail- say, he will have a cinch on' the nurs-
Florida railroads estimate that thisspring's have watermelons, tomatoes, cucum- able the same year On no account ery business for some time. He saved ., -T .
will be worthin bers strawberries should stable be used dress: several thousand slips of his peerless .' .1 I
vegetable crop celery, squash, manure as pomelo, but informs us that he will not. '"
the neighborhood of $2,000,000, or peas, beans, lettuce, cauliflower, cab ing for tomato plants. Its fermenta- put them on market this year.-Lake. ., '::':..
{ double what: it was last year. On act bage, canteloupes, and almost the tion in the soil promotes the growth of land Sun.. ,.,""CMP-:\ ;j 4
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T L' ': ,, THE FLORIDA FA&ME& AtfD FRUIT f}1 OWER. 263

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,; .' Legislation for, Farmers.. .... it should be furnished in liberal quan .

y'r>fi\r' ,"' ",J The'.bill which has, been introduced tity. I quote the orange tree, as thatis Complete FertilizersFor

*:; ':: '.:' into the Legislature,' looking to thefJ the only one which I happen to have

::s ,control of the insect pests of the State," the exact analysis of, but experience POTATOES, FRUITS AND ALL VEGETABLES, requireto

<:. ought to enacted into law. Manyof with other fruit trees leads me to be- [ secure the largest yield and best quality]

: : these pests are to some of our greatt lieve that about the same percentagewill
;,. .: fruit staples what yellow fever and be found in them. For the peach, .
and apple I would depend mainly of this How and is told in
4. ; small-pox are to the people. No man pear experiments prove conclusively. why, our

%:: ::::, '. should! be permitted, through neglect upon potash and phosphoric acid, giving pamphlets. '

.{.{ and indifference, to allow his grove'or potash liberally and supplying it They are sent free. It will cost you nothing to' read them, and they will saveyou *
orchard,to become a pest-house for the according the size, age and condi-- dollars.

:;{ property of his neighbors. Under the tion of the trees. When I apply nitro GERMAN KALI WORKS,
' at all in orchards, it is in the
law citizen is tow gen my '
-t'} common no permitted
Nassau St. New York.
93 ,
: : maintain a nuisance, and these insect form of scarlet or crimson clover, sown -I,
;'.-? : pests are worse than 'a nuisance, since in July or August, and plowed under : 'SSUEGS---JENNSYL"\T: : : : ::: ? VANIA: ,

".;: ;. the' of the the next May,thus furnishing all needed
: : they menace prosperity com EST
"I.:" munity. nitrogen in a most economical way, and Somers Brother: & Co. i8 6SHEDCommission'

:,,', In a letter .to us Professor P. H. giving a percentage of potash and phosphoric ,

n' Rolfs of the State Station acid and a great quantity of
( '. Experiment} Fruits and Produce.
humus which is factor in drouth.I Merchants.
. :.-',- ,,says: "In working with the San a a

r,:;', "; -Jose scale last year we found the,indifference also prefer potash in the form of Refer to Banks, Mercantile Agencies and the business community of Western Pennsylvania.
.' of many people.a, great impediment kainit, on accoupt of its furnishing! Market Reports, special references to re ular shippers, shipping stencils, stamps, etc., furnishedfree
moisture and destroying insects. I now on application. Inquiries and Correspondence invited.
:: :. to the success of bur under-
', :' taking. While,ninety per cent, of the have peach orchard ten years old, The Farmer's Friend.
Bradley Redfield. Eugene B. Redfield.
,,:,. people gave us their,hearty support, it which has never had any other fertil- There could not be a single head of
.. occurred that ten in izer but potash, clover and phosphoric. ESTABLISHED 1871.
i"j per living cabbage raised in the state of Georgiaif
the of the would refuse acid, and now has every appearance of
; .midst ninety were not for the friendly help ofa REDFIELD & SON
,to do I remember in being good forten years more. Of
" : anything. one little insect so small that it can
:. : case where a man had ,about sixty course -it. has always been well culti-- hardly bo seen, without a magnifyingglass. Commission MerchantsAND

:n.! acres in different places,;and positively vated. .
:.,t., refused to do anything towards helping If nitrogen is supplied in too large The cabbage plants are attacked by
' in the Under the quantity it causes a sappy, tender and -
:;; : matter. present numerous enemies, but the most for-
i"" ,-, _' law such cannot be forced to too rank growth of the wood, which cab-
:: :: a man midable oneis the larvae of the
.:: : do his may easily be injured by frost,or heat. brassica These Fruit Auctioners
, ,,." duty. bage butterfly (pieris, ) ,
In after the freezes of the
t' Florida! past ,
51, : S"e, destructive worms are attacked and
''\" winter,.it was noticeable that groves 141 Doclc Street, Philadelphia, Pa.
: pierced by the sharp ovipositors of a
; VAbolishing State Inspection.
which had been, fed with percentage
"<.'\"-" ,,:' a large small ichneumon (the microgaster). We handle all kinds of Fruits and Vegetables,
*" do not consider the of either at private sale, which has heretofore been
: '\> While! we act- nitrogen were injured more (
> This little insect number of
'. '" lays a eggs our custom) or by the auction System (recently
t. of the Legislature in, abolishing the I than those which had less nitrogen and
beneath the skin of the caterpillar.The added to our business) as you may desire,
,:, ; office of inspector of illuminating oils more potash. Then where nitrogen has,
hatch into worms or grubs.
;. ., have been wise been used the fruit.is eggs
.i! t to a particularly measure too freely very
P These live on the tissues of the cater-
;;::::.-: : the Chemist to do away with likely'to' be coarse, tender and not as pillar, being careful, however;, not to

f{,:::':'.>., "the .State would be much well flavored, while potash gives a attack a vital, part. So the caterpillar; '! ;\ .
: '".,::: jvorse.- Illuminating oils generally firmer texture, which causes it to be
and ,
continues to eat apparently SOUTHERN ORCHARDS..
" grow
: show for themselves pretty much what more easily transported in good order, thrives, while his unwelcome guests. ,
'". ',: they are,,so that the plain citizen can and atthe same time the other quali- are eating up the surplus fat providedfor Write'for Catalogue and price list, '

. ', ::, _, tell what he is buying ; but not so I ties of'the fruit are much better... Con- use during the metamorphosis of JENNINGS NURSERY CO._

t,:, with fertilizers. They defy any scrutiny sidering all points, then, to make the the caterpillar into a 'pupa and a,per Thomasville, Ga.FARMER'S .

,>:::, : except chemical analysis. The growing of orchard fruits the most fect insect. The caterpillar usually

,':" most intelligent growers in the State, profitable, I would use, according ,to completes its growth, in spite of :the SA.XV MILLworks

,\ --' \ even college graduates, find.themselves I. age and condition of trees, 600 to 1,000 enemies gnawing at its vitals. It also Grinding successfully Mills with and 4 Water h. p.,.

.'I '' nonplussed? when attempting to deter- pounds per acre of kaiuit,in connection builds its.cocoons or swings itself in its Wheels. '

{ ". mine the;quality'and value of a given wIth:200: to 600 pounds of fine bone hammock in some safe place, and DeLoach Mill ,Mfg Co.
.>. brand They have their suspicions, meal, and forbearing trees I would '
into the
changes a chrysalis, passing 323 Highland Ave., Atlanta, Ga.
'''', 'j" they can make,close surmises, but they sow crimson'clover, to be plowed under winter as a sleeping nymph. Next

cannot, without the scales and the every other year, and perhaps in the spring,,however, instead of the butter-
: '. ; crucible, make any determination sufficiently older orchards every year. With such fly there from the cocoon a the country, where, I have always

. ; accurate to be a basis for com- manuring and clean cultivation i should number of emerges ichneumons which having thought, the happiest and most comfortable -
:<;::,- :, mercial transactions or, legal proceed- always expect good crops of fruit of the have I homes are located.
fattened the
on catterpillar,
';s .:' : i inns; THE .FARMER AND FRUIT finest quality.-Country'Gentleman. undergone their changes in the bodyof In reply to a request from The News

: ::- ':'.:; GROWER does not'claim that; the present ... the and for information about the fruit crop,
sleeping now come
: ,I":. fertilizer law is perfect, but it is a ichneumons.pupa It would Col. Harvey sends the following :
From sections of out perfect
;; : many county QUINTETTE, FLA., April 15.-The
deal better than
: great nothing i
come encouraging reports that the seem to be impossible for the little
for of all
a large
.. prospect very crop
....,. -' -- ;N -r exterminate
>.r. 'trees of which were microgasters to totally
" .. .. orange many kinds of fruit and nuts is as fine as one
{':..J d:<::,_.::'..:' Fertilizers. for Fruit Trees. posed to have been 'killed to the the cabbage butterfly, but as its larvae could wish. All varieties of pears,'

: : The horticulturist should consider ground, are putting out vigorous find their natural food in the body of peaches and plums give promise of full

::S:':o.' the wants of the tree. ,All plant food sprouts high up on the stalks and in 'the caterpillar, perhaps it is so arranged crops of fruit. The trees, old and

>. consits of three elements, nitrogen, pot- some instances,on the larger branches.Mr. as to allow enough caterpillarsto young, look remarkally healthy and

;" ".,,: ash and phosphoric acid, and these L. Stebbins, who has the' largest ,escape each year to furnish food for are making a fine growth. All in all, .
;;"'. be furnished in such ) in this section prob-- the ichneumons.SouthernFarm. ,
>!' must quantities grove ((160 acres young this bids fair to be one of the best of

'r;' :t-I :*' as will best$ .promote the growth of the ably in the county, says that between years for'the deciduous fruit raiser.

7 f',:: ,tree and do it in the most economical 5,000 and 6,000, or three fourths of The only present cause of complaintis

;-,\'" way., In the wood, roots, stems and his trees will pull through all right. Our Fruit Crop. that the trees are setting more fruit

" leaves of the fruit tree is found a Some of them have put out sprouts as "I spent yesterday on vCol. "S. S. than they can possibly carry to ma-
: of than of twenty-five feet Harvey's fruit farm Quintette, saida
...: ; greater percentage potash high as twenty or up turity.-Pensacola News.
,': both the other elements combined. In in the branches, while the 5,000 or prominent business man to-day, "and ,. .

'. ,4 ': :case of the orange tree it amounts to 6,000 trees are sprouting on an averageof to say that his orchard is beautiful
These puts it lightly-it is magnificent. The The Breeze of DeFuniak Springs
43.73 per cent.; phosphoric acid,33.82. eight feet above the ground. ,
7.:', ,In the ash of the fruit as found by the with large root strength to feed the peartrees have attained their full foli- gives the following'statistics of increase

;i ,r, Connecticut Experiment Station, Bul- tender sprouts, will soon put on topsas age and the beautiful, bright green of'of the railroad business at that stag
,::;..;,:,* letin No. 87, 1893, was, potash from! large as those killed by the freeze. the fresh, new leaves, the pure air, the tion : In '91 the business footed up
? ,, : 100 boxes 16 lbs., nitrogen 9 lbs., Altogether the prospects for grove cackle of poultry, the lowing of cattle, $1,523.90 ; in 92, $2,33035 ; 93, $2-

t::,f:?: '; ::phosphoric acid, 3.8 Ibs.-which shows owners are not so bad after all.-Orlando ,the singing ,of birds, all make a poor 752.74 ; '94, 83,042.74 ; and in this

",I. that the'great need is potash and that Reporter. city fellow like myself long to live in year, $3,123.77w

I '
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Poultry.Short to the business methods of well-carec fence close enough so that the smallest, tale ripe Seedling is a vastly superior

for Leghorn hens. chicks can't' get' through. On each fruit to the unripe specimens they have

Contrary to the usual advice giver post nail a light strip of wood, so that I received, and denounce as inferior to

Practical Essays. by writers on the subject, I find, by, the top is several inches higher than the low priced foreign. It is a ques-

NO. 4. actual experience, that Leghorns will]1 your head; stretch wire (hay wire will, tion worth considering; since such

1 I have just read your offer about exchanging thrive and lay when confined in yards. do) along the top of these strips of prices only are obtainable, if It would

eggs for information, and I have some yards that are quite small wood, so that you have a continuous not be a good stroke of business to forward -'

hasten to say I have been in Florida considering the number of fowls, and string of wire entirely around the yard. at once into, the New York and

nearly twenty years and find, after yet these lay equally as well as thosein Stretch the wire tight and fasten it to other Atlantic markets three or four,.

repeated experiments in different other yards that are eo large as to the strips with wire or small staples. hundred carloads of Seedlings, with

breeds of chickens, that the Leghorns, be really no confinement at all. I have Now get 'some cotton cord, such as orders to meet the foreign fruit on

.either White or Brown, are by' far the made my ;yards under the orange grocers use will do, beginning at one equal terms, even though it involves

best breed. They will lay more eggs trees. The dense shade (only there end of the yard, four feet from the some loss to ourselves. This is whatwe

and thrive better in this climate. isn't much shade there just now) corner post ; tie one end of the cord to must do next year, and we mightas

Now, about setting hens. I've tried makes a comfortable scratching the wire and, carrying it across.to the well let the foreign importers know

every way, and have finally settled I ground, and at the same time the trees opposite ,side of the yard, tie it to the that we are in the orange and lemon

down to one idea, that is, to make a receive some benefit from' the presence wire there, four''feet from the corner, business to stay, and that if they do

common small coop. Of course the of the fowls. ,, v as you did in the'first place. Draw the|I not want to get hurt they must stand

size varies according to the material at Heretofore I have 1 built houses eight cord tight, but not so tight as to break. from under. Since it costs them but

hand; old laths, slats, anything will feet square to accommodate about Now, four feet from this line put up 50 cents for freight and duty, against

do. :Make a nest in one corner and fifty hens, the houses remaining per- another, and so over the entire yard. 90 cents for the freight of our product,

dig a hole and put broken up straw or manently in one place, but at presentI Now cross these lines in the same way, we cannot obtain a place in the market

hay. Put an egg in, and let the hen am experimenting with a portable weaving the cord over.and under, and I without some sacrifice. We think, how-

see if she is satisfied; then put in fifteenor house. I can't tell yet whether it will you will have a netting over your yard over, that there has been an unneces-:

seventeen eggs, and in the other far be a success or not, but]some system of high enough to walk under comforta- sary fear as to disposal of the Seedling

corner puts can of water and anotherof movable houses would enable one to bly and a sure safeguard to the chicksas crop. It is yet early, and the fruit is

food., Put down your coop, and all cope more successfully with the fleasor far as the hawks are concerned. Dp generally firm and good. We 'are reminded -

you have to do for the next three jiggers, and at the same time obvi- not draw the cords too tight, as the that two years ago the Seed-

weeks is to replenish the cans and the ate the necessity of cleaning out the first night's dew will cause them t8 ings in one of our best orchards were

'hen is not bothered by others, and floors. shrink, and if too tight they may not touched until May 15, when there

you are not bothered by watching to Speaking of fleas, I'll tell you how I break. was a demand for such fruit that it was

see if she gets on the right nest. managed to get the better of the pests. I am now trying another plan, which hard to supply. There are six weeks

About food, it's all bosh about hard I do not like board floors to my housesfor does not involve so much work, nor the yet in which to market Seedlings, and

boiled eggs for a few days. All they several reasons, and so I don't have confinement of the chicks, and while its the indications are that in a week or
them. One of the is a success up to date, I will not describe two the fruit
want is grits, raw, and fed a little at a principal reasons foreign will be practically _
5 time and often. That is very important that the fleas breed in the sand under .. it until I have given; it a thorough out of the way.-Riverside Press.

the floor where it is diflicult to con- trial. H. ST :ACY. -"- -
Ii as so many little chicks die by ,
I getting their crops too full. Let the tend with them, and they crawl up Thonotosassa, Fla., April 8. ORANGE GROWERS, .

Ii. hen out every day for an hour or two through the cracks, the breeding place --N.California ._ '

1 for a week, then, if the chicks are below furnishing an inexhaustible sup- Orange Situation.. ATTENTION
After .lime and hot !
string enough, let them run. ply. trying water
) Wo regret to be compelled to an-
and carbolic acid and and
For fleas or jiggers, mix equal parts that the .
nounce sharp competition
kerosene and-yes, I tried the much Iam able to supply you with Orange and Lemon
J of soot and lard, and anoint their the free trade oranges from Italy has bud wood of stand:d varieties, such asJLlll7."l'I
lauded of carbon I
heads. This is the only remedy I have bisulphide, got '
forced the Exchange to make a tem- !TMA.JOltCA ) <.1",
;.... ever tried that did any good at all, some yellow clay, and made hard, porary rduction in the price of Seed- JtUJlY, ,
smooth floors with it in all houses.
;' my
: and I've tried everything else. .JAFFA,
The fact is there is
: The result is quite satisfactory. Thereare oranges. prac- SANVOIM)'S 111 LII'I'71t1tfLNT.1N,
: I will only add my belief in Florida I tically no demand at prices such as MALTA JlZOOl),
cracks and crevices for the fleas
f being a great chicken country, and I would
remunerate the
to hide in and the floor can be
i believe there is more money in the grower, and to get the perfect Seed- ])ANOY'I'ANaEIUNE, I
1, business than anything else. with a stiff broom as easily as a ClllXA MA..Yl) 11l.l.N, Jtc.,
fruit into it Is
ling use necessary to At the following prices:
board floor. Six months ago it was an
1, ; Norwalk, Fin. J. E. BARD. unpleasant task to be obliged to step fight the dago" importers! and their 1000 $5.00; 3000 $12.00; 6000 $20.00.

... allies, of the commission league with
inside a house. Now I can go in with- CASH WITH
low Earl and other :
Essay No. 5. out giving the fleasa_ thought. prices. shippersof In Lemons.! Lisbon, Villa Franca, Eureka, at
his kind are reported to have same prices
I have been working hard all day There is another pest, worse even
lituls] delivered
sold at Denver and other points, California without further cost to you and
than fleas. I mean the hawks. I thinkI guaranteed to arrive in fine
making chicken coops, for I have a lot order. Orders booked
Seedlings 150. now for June delivery. Address,
i1 due to hatch can safely say that the hawks get 75
of hens a few days'!, I
This meaes 60 cents f. o. b., or if con- C. S. BURGESS,
;,.. and as yet no provision is made for per cent. of all the chicks hatched in Riverside Nurseries
signed not over 15 oV 20 cents b)the or- ,
them, and feeling quite tired I settled I this neighborhood. Many are killed, I chardist. To meet this sort of thing Riverside, Cal.
down after to but it seems to make no difference how Reference-Orange Grower's Bank, Riverside,
comfortably read
r supper I Cal,
Florida rcfereiii
o the Exchange is forced to fix a price cs"'given if wanted,
the FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER. r.rhe' many, the supply is inexhaustible. The
that will, if price has anything to do
first to catch my notice is the heading I large hen hawks are not hard to destroy -
with it, move Borne of the fruit that BU I I<- Fruit Wrappers.
J i "Eggs Free." Of course I want some I as their habit is to alight on a most demands forwarding. It is under- ,
those think. I would dead tree before making a
eggs-I prefer i swoop
I stood that this price is only to be main-
them to be Langshan. You see I have among the chickens, .and it is easy to NO MORE CHEATING.
I tained until the cheap foreign fruit is
been raising Langshans, and know of approach near enough to shoot. But out, of the market. It is a minimum Consumers of Fruit Wrappers may
:: some of their good qualities. For ah the cunning little blue darter is tho price-the lowest figures that will leave now know that they get an honest
,t all-purpose fowl they are hard to beat.. chap that does the mischief. Shy and roam ,of 480 sheets and not 300 or 3:20:
for the
anything Fancy
sheets to
: I find them to, be good hatchers and cunning, he does not announce his ream as some unscrupulous -
Seedlings $1 f. o. b., choice 80 cents and dealers supply,
g careful mothers, and for the table their coming, but, cautiously flitting from
,: culls (which never should be shipped); OUR "FAIR AND SQUARE"Printed
tree to tree he within
flesh is excellent. I keep them princi- gets easy reach cents.
65 This means only G5 cents to
pally for brooders.. There are no doubt before the chicks or their owner is wrappers are put up in
i the grower for fancy Seedlings de- packages of 1000 each, and each Wrapper -
other breeds that are equally good for aware of his presence ; then a liglit- is numbered in printing
I livered at the packing house. Thereis consecutively -
this purpose, but nearly all the heavier I ning-like dart; an angry cry from the no reduction made in Navels, whichare from 1 to 1000. No one can. -

breeds are disposed to grow fat too mother hen and one more chick is gone still in demand because of their HONESTLY BEATour
in this climate. from the brood that you are caring for
rapidly I superior quality. The quantity of prices. Send for samples and
For I keep Leghorns and theydo with so much solicitude. prices tom
_, eggs Navels remaining is not sufficient to
lay eggs.fc "Keeping everlastingly I know a plan that is sure to protect about .
cause anxiety disposing of them JERSEY CITY PRINTING CO. .
at it is maxim often to chicks from this ., '
a quoted explain j I outrageous thief, but at fair prices. It is to be hoped that '
the of it is trouble and JERSEY CITY, N. J.
cause great success among some necessitates con
this radical cut will cause a demand N, B.-We do not deal in
men of business, and it aptly applies' fining the chicks in a yard. Have your that will allow the trade to learn that 'wrappers. imprinted.' } .

L. .
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.. : .. :: _........ ... d THE FLORIDA ,FARMER AND FRUIT' GROWER. 265
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no longer an experiment nor a novelty, but has had thorough trial in all of the Southern States, and some of the results obtained have been almost

!. incredible (See article on another page)


There! are. thousands of acres of orange groves where the trees have been cut off at the ground, or the bare trunks left. The soil should be shaded from

: tho turning sun this summer, and there is nothiiiir better than the Wonderful for this purpose. One bushel of the Wonderful is equal to four to six! bushels '

\purchased .

\ ; By express or freight, not prepaid l peck
$1. ; bushel $3FU j ; [5 j bushels at $3,25 ; 10 bushel lots at $3. .

H. G. HASTINGS & CO., Interlachen, Fla.

Special express rates on shipments from us making a saving one-third of tho regular rate to tho grower,



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I 266 THE !FLORIDA ARM R. AND FRtftl' ?, GROWER. :" ,o .:,- '._ ':


TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION, what portion of the crop is exported? I i pecially celebrated in flavor. and delic- State News. : !::

For One Year.$2.00 acies. .
For Six Months....................:.. 1.00 6. About. at part or per centage brother in had .
In Foreign Countries.................................... 3.00 the entire productions of the State, in My Japan shipped a .
large amount of the fruit two
years -
J BSySubscriptions in all cases cash in value, including lumber, phosphate, old persimmons trees trees and .DeSoto county will ship several.thou

advance. No discount allowed on one'sown etc., and' everything, is the orange other plants in considerable quantitiesto sand boxes of oranges next winter.
subscription (except in a club), State through the Oriental Importing -
.j .. but to all agents a liberal cash commission crop? Co: of this city but I am The price of beef went up four cents
; will be allowed on all subscrip- 7. About how much per capita (to to say that he never heard; the result sorry of per pound in Ocala during a single

I tions obtained' by them. Write for each inhabitant, man, woman and of them; as the company has, failed night recently., The rise in price i is

i terms. child,) does the total product of all right after the shipment.I due to the shortness or lacK- of feed ain
i To every new subscriber we will : to send seedsof the countrY upon which to feed thecattfe
am going some
f send, ,postpaid a copy of Whitner's"Gardening kinds amount to per annum? the tea plant which you are, coming by and Ocallans cannot, eat lean

:: in Florida." For two new Tuos. F. MCLEAN. next steamer. Are there gentlemen ,beef. -

subscribers, at $2.00 each, we will send, Conant, Fla. who are cultivating many teaplants in Two months after the freeze ,the

: postpaid, a copy of Moore's "Orange ANSWERS.. I'your State? Kindly inform me by Manatee river country shipped a.solid

i Culture." 1. Hon. L. B. Wombwell, Commissioner your opportunity. By doing so I'shall car of 424 crates of beans and Irish

Rates of advertising on application., of Agriculture, puts the exportin take it as a great favor. potatoes to St. Louis, the potatoes .
Remittances should be made by JIRO. Y. HAYAMIE.San bringing $2 a bushel, the beans $3to
1894 at boxes.
check, postal note, money order or 4,163,849 Francisc?,',CI.HI 1. $5 a bushel on the wharf. Cabbage
registered letter to order of 2., The crop ofjDalifornia this year is I I have been shipping regulatly over a

FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER, estimated at about 6,500 car loads, or ,. month.-Manatee River Journal. ,

Jacksonville, Ela: say 1,950,000 boxes. Orange Culture';' On Biscayne Bay. The freight on a barrel of flour

shipped from St. Louis Mo. to the.
3. We have no Louisiana statistics at ,
I NOTICE The question is often+asked, "'Is Bis- Manatee river is 76 cents: fill the same
hand, but we believe her largest crop cayne too far south'for oranges?" Absurd barrel with cabbage, and ship it backto

this was about 650,000 boxes. The crop of St. Louis ,and the freight-will be
I If you receive a copy as it seems to those, who 'know, it '
'' Texas is small, not above 50,000 boxes, $1.60; more than twice as much. Why?
I paper which' you" did not or- we believe. must be answered.Oranges Is the shipper; at that end a sharper

der, consider it an invitation 4. Florida's crop, 5,000,000 boxes; grow ,perfection in Jamaica = 'man that we at this endManateeRiver '

to subscribe. If you do not California's, '2,000,000; Louisiana anlTexas' Cuba and in the Bahama Islandsif Journal.:
r the better varieties are planted., The I..would at the same time'fortify the
want it, kindly hand it to a 700,000; importations, about statute preventing amalgamation
land at Biscayne is precisely the sameas
.. neighbor. 1,000,000,boxes. (The treasury reports making it a. penal offense to teach
give values instead of boxes.) Total, in the Bahamas ; the latitude is the i whites and negroes in the same schools,

8,700,000 boxes. same, and the temperature ,almost in either-public, private or benevolent,
CONTENTS.Pear :have institutions. I requestS this as an act of
identical aWe good oranges
5. Yes with the exception of the
from the seed of friendship to the race, to shield,them _
Culture in East Florida ; Diseases of Peach small amount shipped to Europe, say growing from.the.folly of some of their friends:
Trees; No Fences........................................... 959 boxes. Cuba fruit -not any quite as good'as -Superintendent W.. N.' Sheats.

,. Evaporating Sweet Corn ;,Sacaline...................'260 500,000 our finest Florida Seedlings! but,there '
Summer Pruning; Effect of Acid Phosphate; Al- 0. According to the report of Com- The managers of the South Florida

falfa in Florida............................................... 261 missioner_ Wombwell of the 'produc- can be no doubt that from_ Florida Fair have voted to pay the premiumsof
Coming Vegetable Crops ; Tomato Rot; Grow Seedlings as fine fruit will be producedhere the late fair in'full, in the face of the
ing Okra in the South.................................... 262 tions exported from the State for 1893 indebtedness of'the association. This
as elsewhere in the State. The
Legislation for Farmers; Abolishing State Inspection (the latest figures'in which a comparison action is highly creditable to them and
Fertilizers for Fruit Trees Farmer's lemon and lime are at home
Friend; ; Our Fruit Crops................;................ 263 can be made),' the total amounted: orange, will help to 'restore the- confidence
4 Poultry ; Short Practical Essays, Nos. 4 and 5..... 264 to $35,952,227.28; oranges, $4,147,391.36.This here, as the many wild groves prove which the growers of Florida had

;' : California Orange Situation..,:.......,...........,..... 264 makes 'the orange' exports: -equalto ,beyond the question. pretty much lost in the .integrity. .

ca_ The' Wonderful Pea.........,................:>......-.r.;:.:. 265 11.5 per cent of the whole in value.. We have enough"higlf rocky: pine the average fair management.' ',.
Florida Exports; Paint::'True to Nature ;' Japan Mr. Geo. E. Macy, one of the"first to
Chestnuts; Orange Culture on Biscayne Bay; 7. About $91.75.Paint land for all the orange .groves, of cut back his
Citrus Trifoliata....;....................:................. 266 pine land and soil and orange trees after the .
I. I Florida-good : freeze his trees
State News....,..;.............................................. 266 says are* coming out
Markets...........................................................267 True to Nature. the purest water from ten to twenty nicely, and, ,strange. as it may. seem,

Weather and Crops..............,............................. 269 Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: feet from the surface ; ,no cold to each new blossom.branch Thebranches has on its tip end an .
check the growth of any tree of the orange are vigorous -
We hope we will not be classed with and give promise of making fruit.:
Weather in Jacksonville., those unfortunate characters who seem citrus, tribe or injure the fruit. The He says trees not cut off early are not

trees! grow all the year, and in time doing so well as his.-Orlando 'Re-
I always to miss the main point in a '
d. the entire orange industry of: Florida porter.,
2::. .DATE. a a .q.. q !q u:! -.;;.;'-d<11 story in looking up some trifling occa- will 'centre. here. For grapefruit, Walter Robinson was in town'Saturday -
". td a ro 0 w0o sion for criticism. When we confess in the' interest of
...: \ 00 ,.; i. 04:: ti E-4 lemons and, limes Biscayne Bay will inducing our
-- -- that in reading the pretty picture farmers to plan none but the best
April i6.............. 6s 75 84 60 24 72 .0 pen have,no riyal, ,for they do not succeed grade of, cotton seed. He to
1 7.............. 64 62 83 61 22 72 .58 published'in' your issue of April 13th, says up
x8.............. ,,51 57 61 49 12 5S '.04 well on the keys, where the sub-soil is date 8,000 acres have been planted to
under the "Florida in Her
.. II 58 67 50 17 58 ..0.I heading salt 'and for '100 miles north of New cotton "Marion county, seveneighthsof
: 65 75 48 27 62 ..ot Adversity we were mainly struck which the finest
planted by sea
... '' II 19..8. 67 80 54 26 67 ..0j River the whole 'region is white sand .
.I "; 69 82 58 74 70 ,0 with the incongruity of a blackbird island seed. We are glad to hear this,
and hard or wastes of flat woods
pan, for good seed insures good cotton.
Mean ............:. 60 661: g4 ;; 65 0.62 making his nest;} against a chimneyand wholly unfit for' oranges, except in- Ocala Banner.,
a robin making nest at all in
*Total rainfall. any
finitesimal spots. There is enough pos- The Indian River Steamboat Com-
t: E. R. DEMAIN, Observer. Florida. Put a thrasher' the ivy
has passed into the hands of
itive proof before us to show that thereis pany a
J.f\/ I and a mocking bird on the bough by receiver. The appointment of Mr. R.
'earth where the condi-
::" -. An unavoidable accident thisweek has I the fence and the picture is harmonious, no spot on B. Cable as-such receiver was made'by
; tions are more favorable for the culti- Hon. John D. ,Broome judge of the
; somewhat columns. and we have no fault to find.J. ,
disarranged our '
? vation of all the citrus fruits than on "seventh judicial circuit, last Saturday,

H. GIRARDEAU. high, rocky :lauds at Biscayne ;jso' we upon the petition of Timothy,Murphy,
I .' 'Florida's Exports. As to the identity of the bird which 'devoted of George E. Chase & Co., and,Merri: 1-
; who have a great part our
,,' nested in the branch leaned Stevens Engineering Company, all of
Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower against
: I up lives to growing oranges, and have Jacksonville, who have claims againstthe

; .:' If you will please answer for us by I the fence, we may have been mistaken. been frozen out, can go to Biscayneand company for material, supplies,

I ,.:'. return mail as many of the following I We never saw a'bird on or about the realize our, dream of having fine ship chandlery and 'work performed,
,', nest and judged only by'the in amounting to about$2,300-tbe Merrill-
will eggs
questions as you can you greatly orange groves to our. descendants. Stevens the
Company having' largest
oblige: which we are not an_ expert. The bird
claim, 182804. The petitioners set
,.R. 1. How many boxes of oranges were which began its nest in the ivy at the --- forth further, that 'the company is

':;, a the largest year's shipment from this top of the chimney was a blackbird, as Citrus Trif oliata. largely indebted to other creditors
,: stated in the article referred to.Japan exceeding the sum of $40,000, and thatit
;: State and what was the price
". average Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: insolvent.. Quite a number of
\.:.- estimated to'be on'the tree? I I I will add to Mr. Taber's praise,of claims against the company have been

: .- 2. How many boxes .are California's Chestnuts.Editor the trifoliata as a stock, the fact that instituted here by local parties by suits

I :f largest orange crop? while the freeze of February 8th killed to enforce liens aside from the claims
Earmer and Fruit Grower
'j ; all of my Satsuma oranges on this above mentioned within the past few
3. How boxes Louisiana'slargest
, ,' :., many are I trust you will pardon the liberty; I stock, yet dormant buds in the same days. The entry of the order of Judge
, r.t:..'"::":' crop?. And Texas' ?. take writing to.you to ask if you obligeme rows, fully exposed to the same freeze, Broome was''made by the clerk of the

I i'': : 4. What has been the largest consumption 'I to inspect the fruit which shall accompany were entirely uninjured, thanks, no Circuit Court here Monday about noon. '

t'f:; in one year of oranges in the with this note. doubt, to the dormant condition on the Mr. Cable is authorized by the order of
'" ";'y""' I. The samples are the well-known trifoliata stocks. These Satsuma buds the court to keep at least one of the
lit ,e ", United States? celebrated chestnuts, which are raised are now putting out beautifully. steamers running at present as long as,

.. 5. Is Florida's entire crop consumed In our own orchards in the southern J. H. GlRARDEAU, the compensation is sufficient to meet

1:" in the United States? If not, about I province of Nippon, and are es Monticello, Fla. the running expenses.-Florida Star

.. .

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: ; ', :, .

.7,,.:, .-k-,, .:" '':':.:,-..--",'. ':, ", THE FLORIDA( FARMER AND FRUIT? GROW lt .. .-. 267-

L..:'"S' ',t,, ;'. Markets.- \ tby realize'suchshipments one Journal.cent to, which the growers.FruitTrade in no case can ir t N ati lla ani F1orar ri! a

';....;.'"'.. '.:<: Palmer & Frost's Quotations, Chicago-Note is taken of the articlein ,

last issue in which Mr. Platt
;.. Charleston, 60 to 75 cents ; others, 20 to 1c1 .son.v111e
'' takes exception to the California Exchange ,
: : ,25 .cents. Asparagus, colossal, 5 to.6;
being classed'as a dictator. Andit THE OLDEST NATIONAL BANK IN THE STATE.
others, 3 to 5. Beets, Florida, crates, 2 to
;.. 3., String beans, wax, 2 to 2.50 ; green, is'only fair for me to say that while the This Bank, after twenty years of successful business;has just undergone a rigid special examination
assumption of a' dictatorship was un- by the United :States: Comptroller's Department and has had its charter extended for another period of
: 1.2510 1.75. Squash, 2 to 2.50. Green and the effort twenty yeans. By conservative, yet liberal methods, this Bank has achieved the highest reputation for
-7"": .. peas, Savannah, 5 to 6 ; Florida, 2 to 3. doubtedly apparent, as solidity, strength and ability to meet all legitimate demands. We invite a visit correspondence, looking
proved so unsuccessful with expressionsof toward business relations, assuring you that your favors shall at all times receive intelligent and careful
I r Celery, i to 1.50 per dozen roots. Cabbage await attention. ZR COOLEY, Cashier-
repentance, we can surely a
C" to" Cukes, 6 to o. Lettuce M. SCHUMACHER
\ : 4 5.50. ; more wise distribution in the future. JAMES President.
to barrel. Potatoes, 6 to 8.
i is,, 2 4 per -" "The best laid plans of mice and men SAFE DEPOSIT: :BOZZES :FOR RENT: :: ;'.
aft aglee." This quotation has
i gang
NEW YORK, April 20.-Oranges are
been very aptly illustrated by the opera- JOHN CLARK SON & CO.
in fair demand, Sicily ranging at 2 to ,
tion of
the California market this
2.624} per box'; Jamaica repacked barrel season,:Fruit Trade Journal.orange GROCERS AND COMMISSION MERCHANTS
5.50'to 6.50; Havana, original, 3.50 .
.r ", to 4. Pines are firm,at 8 to 25. Lemons ,
show fair market with prices higher. Queries. DEALERS IN

5 5 Fancy 3603 bring 2.75 to 3.124 ; choice 'In your article Setting Hens page Coal Grain Wines
3603( 2.60 to 2.70. 135 FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER Hay, Liquors,

; S Potatoes, Bermuda, barrel, prime, what do you mean by pine hay? Whatkind
per '
of insect powder? Would there Tobacco Etc.
I 7 to 8'; seconds, 4 to 5 ; Canada Hebrons, be any objection [Ito dust the sitting Cigars, ,

I I'. 2.25: to 2.40; Jersey SWeet2.25 to 3.75. hens once or twice a week? % Would JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA. ,

Onions are steady. Havana, per crate, same precautions do well with sitting ,,,)
I 1.25 to 1.50 ; Bermuda, 1.65 ,to 1.80. turkey hens also? PRICE LIST OF WHISKIES: '
,Dutch cabbage is at 8 We want fresh for Tampa's ,
N imported steady eggs ..........
to 10 per. 100; Florida cabbage, 4.50 to market. What breed of chinkens PARKER............................... r 75 J. MARTIN RYE ......,;......;........ 3 00
bbl. crate. Lettuce, Norfolk would'you advise us to get We ob- ORANGE VALLEY.................... 2 co VIRGINIA GLADES ... .........,..... 400
5.50 per ject to the White Leghorn, because too SPRING VALLEY.................. .... 250 OLD BOURBON... ............... .... 5 CO
75c.to i.50 per basket,; Florida:110.2.50 ; i BALTIMORE CORN....................... 200 KENTUCKY SOUR MASH............. 5 00 .
Charleston, I. to 1.75 basket. Tomatoes readily seen by hawks,, coons, etc. NORTH CAROLINA CORN........ .... a' 5 OLD BAKER........................... 500
: ,. per L. A. B. CLIFTON CLUB.".... ................ MONTROSE VELVET RyE..... ......
i. Florida, per carrier, 3 to 6 ; Key Tampa, Fla. gallon mone0y
West carrier to Bermuda' ANSWER JUGS EXTRA: One gallon, 250; two roc; three'gallon 750. Remit postoflice
per 3 ; per order, check or registered letter. We cannot ship C. O. D. Remit with order.
\\1 box, 25 to 75 cents. Green peas, Florida! A typographical error changed fine 'A complete pricelist of Groceries and Wine List; sent free on application.

per crate, 2.50 to 3.50. String beans, hay into pine hay.

Florida, wax, per crate, 2.50 to 4; green, Persian insect powder, "to be ob- JOHN CLARK, SON & .CO.
tained store death to -
at'any ,
. .,per crate, 250; to 3.50. lice, magic lice killer, or any other JOHN L. MARVIN- President. T. BAYA, Cashier.
preparation that kills. Apply with a THOS. W. CONRAD, V
BUFFALO, April 20.- Strawberries, s.-' .
powder gun or bellows, being carefulto '- _
CAPITA:: ?, - $:00,000.II. S
,Florida, 20 to 300. per quart; Louisiana, get it down next to the skin.

24-quart cases, 4.50 to 5 per case. -Florida There would be no objection dust-

beets, 1.56 to 3 per crate. Florida ing.once'a week, but the most important The Merchants' National Bank _

cabbage, per barrel crate, 5 to.5.50. Flor=; times are before placing the hen '

ida celery, per dozen, 750. to i* California on the nest and three days before eggs JACKSONVILLE, FLA., .
cauliflower.per case, 2.50 to 3.50; are expected to hatch.

cucumbers, hothouse,,per dozen, 1.50 to great Am American not familiar bird, enough to warrant with me the in RespectfullySolicits Your Deposits, Collections and General

2. Florida green peas, per crate, 2 to 3. saying that it would do to disturb her Banking Business.

..Lettuce choice. New Orleans, bbl.,
per 7 anymore than absolutely necessary if COBBESJOJ'T'DEJNCE:: : : =:P'"J"J'ED.:
to 8 ; choice< long curly, per dozen, 60 to the turkey hen would would stand the ""

I 75c.; Boston choice heads, 50 to 7 sc.per handling without danger of causingher .
I dozen. Florida string beans, per crate, to desert the nest and eggs. Would DIRECTORS :

'2 to 3. Choice Louisiana radish, per treat her the same as other sitters.I John L. Marvin, A.,B. Campbell, Chas. Marvin,

bushel crate, 1.50 ; choice hothouse radish Someone of the Mediterranear varieties H. T. Baya T..W. Roby, Judge R. B. Archibald,
: dozen. toma- such as,Leghorns or Minorcas. Judge E. M.. Randall, .0. B. Rogers, W. M. Davidson, .
i 20 to 3oc. per Fancy S. S. D. Dr. H Robinson, John E. IIartridge.
toes, per carrier, 5-not ,many such, ar i
riving. Beware of. Ointments for Catarrh

S Oranges. that Contain Mercury, Savings and Trust Bank of Florida

New 'York-Sgobel & Day' say: as mercury will surely destroy the :r.A.CESONV'JJ.JEJ: ': _

Finally the orange market is on the ad- sense of smell,and completely derangethe -

vance, aS'shown by the higher prices obtained whole the system when surfaces.entering Such it CAPITAL, 1$5oooo. ,
this week for'this fruit both from through mucous
t articles should never be used excepton H. ROBINSON, ,President. W.J. HARKISIIEIMER, VicePresident.WM. .
and California. Good
the Mediterranean
from reputable physi-
prescriptions '
Sicily oranges are worth here 2.25 to cians, as the damage they will do is ten

'2.5o'per box, ,and, they are. taken freely. fold to the good you can possibly derive :

,. 'Receipts from Sicily will shortly fall off from them. Hall's Catarrh Cure- H. Robinson, J. Hildebrandt, P. E. McMurray,

and We look for higher prices. No Va- manufactured by F. J. Cheney & Co., W. J. Harkisheimer, Philip Walter, ,R. H. Liggett,

lencias coming, but heavier receipts will Toledo, Ohio, contains no mercury directly J. A. Henderson, 0. 0. Robertson, W. B. Owen.
'" probably be seen from California. Market and is taken internally, acting -

higher here: on the the navels; this fruitis upon the blood and mucous surfacesof Collections made onfall; points of Florida, and Remitted for on day of payment.
the system. In 'buying Hall's Solicited. Interest Paid Savings.
Active and Saving Accounts on
in demand. The reduction in
strong Cure be sure you get the genu-
I S prices by the Southern California Fruit ine. It is taken internally, and madein
Mr. G. Park of Pierson
Exchange to i per box f. o. b. cars on Toledo, Ohio, by F. J. Cheney & Co. in their vigor is a very great shock to Kinney, ,
fancy seedlings will probably enable} them Testimonials free.J8@"Sold their vital powers, and cannot be done Volusia"county, says that his whole

-to make heavy sales. by Druggists, price 75c. per successfully without much care. The grove is as fresh and green as eyer,
bottle. late freezes certainly impaired their and that he saved hisgrove by hauling
I I vitality to a wonderful degree, which
'- Minneapolis-Navel oranges, owing to Trees. fact is borne out by their slow startingin in about one hundred loads of pine

lateness of. season, are getting larger, Moving Bearing almost every section of the ,,State;; wood, and when the freeze came be-

and small sizes scarce and high are giving Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: and to dig up;and transplant an old employed several negroes and had

: place to seedlings or imported fruit. I, for one, don't agree with Bro. orange tree in its present sickly but them build fires around in the grove,
Navels selling at 2.50 to 3.75 ; seedlings, Keck, whose article on Thinning convalescent condition, in"my humble I which were kept burning four days,
last week from would be suicidal.1'Orlando
for 2 to 2.50, while some drops or dirty the Out,Bartow yon reproduced Courier-Informant. opinion, Fla. 0. A. BOONE. and in that way the trees were kept

' oranges are selling for freight charges or I can't speak from actual experience, from freezing, although some of the

less, .cars being refused and railroads because I have never before had any .sCalifornia fruit was lost. Mr. Kinney says that _

selling for what, they can get. -After the frozen frees on my hands, although I Budwood. the grove will bear a large crop ot

fool-killer gets 'time to make a thorough have a grove at this place which I Florida's famous fruit this scason-
, canvas of California and does his duty, planted wenty-one years ago.Transplanting See change in advertisement of 0. D, ,

good fruit will not be lessened in value bearing orange trees I Wilhite, first page of, cover. Metropolis. -

<{ ;:} ,, : .\,:, ':/,/.: L :; ', ::,_- ,, ,,:,: ; <,..;.' > :', ," .' ,'}\x'v'"V": : : ';;: / \ .
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:;'.'.'..:;;S.4.:..,i :,"J,...,H...---:...,..,....i"' ,_.';'."..;,t it....",'!....:}:.;',;.'.:r.Jl':."''';'<,'" "Y'''',l.JIoojJ..4;.:.;;:.'.....'..........,_.......\ ,..",,'.t.+....".:..;.........>\.-.'.... ,. ""jr.'r 5.;(,''t.(/(:>,.!,,!t.. ',:":;infiy'V; ;';-';:-;<'' ',&4*''l"i'>*''.'_ '., (". ''<':-f': 'r 1'.' '
')' "a. '} (tt1f. & -
lf t, : i;( '..l.,'{,AI J' I; ''\::i ': !I : :!f.;!"' 'tk" &"; :'-"'.:' ;';''': J K 2.'I----!: : '( :

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I: 268 FARMER: ( > ..";. ', '.

-- .

II The Wonderful Pea. 0 As'a producer of forage and a soil ren- BUDWOOD-Parson Brown, ten dollars pe>thous .-::;. I. ; ..
Straight and Hart's Tar-

r So much has been said as to this ovator they are unsurpassed; In yield diff Oranges and Lisbon' Lemons seven fifty per ., ; ..: ,;: : .... ......
pea they. give double that of the. Unknownand thousand Address J. W. Waite; P; O. Box Bog, San ,: .' I .{ : t. ,..
the past two years that it would seem Diego, California. 3'-4 .... .
'I ..
four to six times as much as the .
'l that every one was fully posted, but MAICASORREL' Hibiscus the .. ,: : \ ,
Red Ripper and similar varieties,: ( ,
Clay, : J j
E 4 dailly we have letters of inquiry about it. NOW is the time to plant. Will furnish an abundance Typical"l },: :.
and with this fact' in view it is the cheapest '
This is third with it and the of acid fruit in the fall. Splendid for sauce or _
our ,year satisfac-' pea now in! the? market.It jelly. .40 cents half dozen 75 'dozen post paid.Tropical TropicalTopic. ." _, ',. .,. .' ,. ., ''':': ,
longer our experience the more Nurseries Avon Park, Fla. :. .: '
it can be planted from AprIl 15th to --:- <>',
,tory proves. July 15th, but the earlier it i is planted the WONT FREEZE I Camphor trees;, i year, large': .. \ ':, :..;.,
Some have made the statement dozen smaller, dozen. .. ." \"
$2.00 $
persons ,; r-:$o Loquats, Traveling? : ;'; ; :,: 1'
i. through ignorance, that the Wonderful more pronounced will be the running i year, same price. 1 ea plants, 20.cents each, $2.00 .: ,.'.:. : > .t
II dozen. All Also Giant Bamboo -
characteristic. Actual test shows that it pot grown post 'paid. TakeThe : "
4 and Unknown were the same variety. "' wIlengiven ,'$1.00 each. Price list free Tropical Nurseries, ; ,. ':, ,. ,
I We wish to4: <
We were stuck by the similarity of? the plenty of room for development, and' GROVE-too acres 10 years'set in Tropical .: t
of the seed the first'time we has the advantage'of making the growth ; in other fruit trees, etc Sale at, ';' }'
appearance the the a sacrifice. Address.1 "F." Plains Lane Park, Trunk I .
early in season, covering ground The: "; .' ,
saw it, and to test the'matter thoroughlywe Lake.Co., Fla. .t

planted them side by.. side. The result at a time when it is'"needed the. .most. Line I : 'V'" .. .. /.
Our orange growers, with thousands, of TO MAKE HENS LAY-1 here is nothing llike: '"' i'. .'?:: _
was that \the Wonderful showed, Dowker's'A nimal'l\f eal. 4O'tons sold in Florida Traffic, ..","". .' .' .'f.. .y
acre.s of grove frozen'to, the ground, can last Hundreds testimonials. For '> .. ,r'
after the first month's growth, that it wasa '' year. of 'particu-. ... '< '0:,.
find nothing better to shade' the ground' lars, write to E. W.;,Amsden Ormond, Fla.ioi3tf Trends. :: .
distinct variety, being much more ro- '. ,:
with than the Wonderful and at the'same Tideward .
three months
bust than the Unknown, ,
tharthe'' time add the most costly of the fertilizing BROWN LEGHORN EGGS FOR HATCHING. Toward ,><;,
growth made double the growth the of the best. $r for 13. E. Puddy, L'aw- <. ,
elements tothe soil, _
Unknown did. We know- that hundredsof nitrogen, through tey, Fla. Barred Plymouth Rock eggs for hatct- "- ;' ,
bushels of the Unknown have been action of the plant in drawingit: ,from the jng., 1-5-20 'If\' '".,' '...,_; n';' ._'
'Turbid .
: :
sold under the name of Wonderful, the atmosphere. LIGHT DRAMA D. B. PLYMOUTH ROCK : -. -4. -' <', .".." ;::"
I Many growers have planted corn in Bronze Turkey Eggs for ha'ching, $i dozento '. : p.
making Twisting ,
similarity in of the peas : 0' ,:..
appearance is suit the times. C. Gomperts, Lady Lake, Flor- :::,
lithe Wonderful
the .
plantedin '
and hundreds of groves. ida. 2-2-16 ;, '<:'!r.
the. deception Tack *
easy -. ,, '
stock the field when, the corn is laid by, a ; . ,< 0.. ,.;:,.;;
bushels of this fraudulent are being Agent's profit month. Will prove it <....:- '. .'
of forage and will be made per The ," \ : ,; ,; '
sold again, principally to the local merchants crop peas i or pay forfeit. New articles just out '{" -. .. ,try:.,
retail the at lower which,will be worth as much. if not more $525 A $1.50 sample and terms-free. Tryus. Trackless j ......::; ". '", _. ,"':-.'.-" ,.
to to growers ; )
CHIDESTEK & SON, 28 Bond St., < :
actual facts
than the corn. These! are :
? ;
of ,.j
prices than the supply genuine IN. Y. Tarponv ._ '
from and have been verifiedby ',; '
Thishas caused experience :
Wonderful will justify. .' ImeTempts : ;
of thousands
the experience of TILGHMAN'S'
the confusion in regard to the variety and growers ,' Guaranteed to make them eat and ,:- :: ",:'
has last season.In grow fat. Sample .package by' mail, thirtyfivecents. Test
the who purchased ,
gives grower any the Wonderful rememberto W. G. Tilghman, Palatka, Fla. 1-26-10 -The "
valueof planting The .;
such stock a wrong opinion as to \ "
give it plenty of room, especially if EXCHANGE-Summer and winter hotel. in Tardy '
the FOR '
true variety. .
Carolina mountains. Owner must-l.ve in Tale .
the If in ,
We wished to fully]) demonstrate to the planted early-in season. sown Florida. Wants'good orange 'grove. W. B. Clarkson To '.'

grower the size of ,the l leaf, and taking a grove in drills make your rows six feet ,.Jacksonville, Fla. ,aistfTHE The j'. ;:_

leaves sent us by Mr.' Page of Marion apart.-Ad. H. G. HASTINGS. LAKELAND NURSERIES HAVE FOR Types Tarry.- .,:

had engravings made. The acT Interlachen, Fla. 127,000 citrus trees on sour orange, grapefruit Tell Tax .
County, ; '
and rough lemon roots, of the following vane- -'
teal'"size ot the leaf was so'large, 7%x7}1 : ties : Marsh Seedless Pomelo\ Thompson Pomelo, Travel Thou '.:.: .:,);

r'inches that the cut had to be reduced Aurantium Pomelo, Boone's Early, Pearson Brown, :: _
.r s Hart's Tardiff, Dancy Tangerine, Satsuma, Kum This ., 'Thy : :
.., ./ one-sixth to. get it into the size page "of r Cent-a- Column.. quat. King and Maltese Blood Orange, and Villa -. 'Y.-. ... >;"'.";', .. ., ....<,=
the FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER. Mr. Franca and Belair Premium Lemon. Tahiti Seedless Typical)m: .' -' .."", Talent :: ',/.";>:
Limes. A specialty of the Marsh Seedle s Grape '
---f Page writes ,us that these are not picked I To be insure insertion in the this column, advertisements fruit. C. M. Marsh, L.kaland, Polk Co., Fla. Thorofare: >'. .. '.- To-day,
must accompanied by
specimens, but the average of his whole Advertisements must not exceed fifty words.. Post- 11-17-20 .. That

crops of several acres. We give herewith age Stamps received in payment Through' -
Count word, including name and address. Thrift
?f specimen letters giving results obtained The
last season by growers : IF AFY- ONE who has been benefited by the use oc( Truly, Tends
Dr. William's Pink Pills will write to TilE FARMERAND :

SPRING PARK, FLAT., Feb 12! 1895. FRUIT GROWER, they will receive, information Tropical : ToTerritory ._I .
that will be of much value and interest to them.
I cannot say enough for the Wonderful j .. Thee

Pea. I would like to tell my fellow- THE WONDERFUL PEA. (Hastings) Warranted ", .,,; \ ",,::!,r '.. .. ON:J "'iI>!J ;>1J1 1,2 -.: To-morrow.
Per peck, cents, Per bushel, $3.00. .' ;
farmers that it is the greatest yielder thatI 75 : r -
f. o. b; A. Z. ARMOUR, Panasoffkee, Fla, 4133. FIRST on the FARM, ', '," .". .The' '
have ever seen. Last spring I sent and .

got a ten-cent package (# pint) and CHINA TREES.-I have quite a lot of young trees FIRST on the RAILROAD, :., '.::.... Thoughtful
from it I have one bushel of good 10 cents each or $i per dozen, nicely around ,PARKS and r'i/'' :
grown packed. B. M. BOGGESS, Fort Odgen, Fla. .'': TouristThanks
seed and that of f the first picking only, / ';,:
BURROW ourword for it, but that of our regular ::.
TO $500, for five ..
which was about one-third of the whole WANT GrQve and Poultry Farm.years Interest on my 'customers, first-class farmers, who pride '-
themselves tho best and whose \ :
F. WEBBER. paid annually or semi-annually in Jacksonville. M. on having ., The
crop. motto Is "what is worth doing at all is worth ,
CHESEBRO, Plummers, Fla. :
t: HENRY Co. VIR., March 3, 1894.I 33o3t'FOR doing well," and Ufsf-class railroads that .:,:. Terse
seek protection for right of rather' "
planted a few Wonderful Peas took EXCHANGE.Florida City real estate in Chatta- than "anything to comply with the law.." ". '\''" ;:;;,'
for property.: Six cottages in .. Tutor _
late to mature last .season. The vines factory part of the city. Wilson & Toomer., Jacksonville The Park Commissioners, Cemetery Directorsand ". :", ; ,
of dame Parks who have tested it : '
were loaded wyh: unripe peas.wh'en the Fla. 3-30-3 will owners voto for it first: last and all the time. .. ;.' ," k 1" That .

frost came. They are cheaper seed at $6 EGGS FOR HATCHING from imported thor- PAGE WOVEN WIRE FENCE.CO., AdrianMich. .c:', ,"\ Tells.
per bushel than the common Peas are at Bronze Turkeys ; one dollar for settingof .' J
nine eggs. Send with order. No charge The
$i per bushel. B. J. GRAVELY. for- packing and delivering to Express Agent here. i'i,. -
\ \ RURAL SHADE, NAVARRO Co.'Texas. Address II. Erwin, Pomona, Fla. 3-23-10 ::' : Truth.
Your Wonderful Pea.far surpasses even TO EXCHANGE. Twenty acres of The .

t the description you gave of them., From WANTED Land for a small place on the Hali- :<,7'. I.
fax River T. K. Waldo Typical t
Godbey, Fla.
4 the one-half pint I jot of you I gathered .. .. '

nearly, fifty bushels of peas. I would not WANTED-to exchange a 350 acre farm in If amil- ,Peas, Whippoorwill, Clay, Red a- Trip. .
for ., for an orange' grove. Address, Unknown, Sugar Crowder, Wonderful ; :,
without either Thine
be anything.A. '
I W. SEARS. W. L. Thomas, Valdosta, Ga. 3-16-4 Black and Conch.' Upland ;;'., .. ':j Via! ..

orange and Lemon Trees and Budwood Rice, Beggar Weed, Millets- i
GOTH, FLA, August 9, 1894. CHOICE Address, I. H. Cammack, Whittier, Pearl and German. Spanish "'\ : The rx

i I cannot refrain from alluding' to your California. -I6-tf- Peanuts, and all :: ..

f Wonderful Pea. It indeed well merits its /\rvCash will I. 0" Tropical( .
buy 20 acres number one ,
i name, its luxuriance of growth is wonder- u) 1 OUUU strawberry land with a two-room FORAGE PLANTS.. Trunk ,
cottage in St. .1 homas, Fla., for an actual settler. This .. ; 1
ful. offer open for a short time only. J. S. Mills. Also Garden Seed at Lowest --Prices. Line. ':.

j SENECA, FLA., August 22, 1894. Send for Price List. ..

.. The Wonderful Peas are all right. I EGGS FOR Price HATCHING reduced from, of fifteen varieties. .
now on until Sept.
1 'am well pleased With them. I have five White Leghorn<<;, Eggs 50 cents, and all.the rest of my L,, CAMERON :Seedsman "
list $Ioo a dozen. Albert Fries, St. Nicholas. 3-23-3
acres of them that are truly
.f', J. H. BRAMHALL. LEGHORNS! LANGSIIANS t,. M1NORCAS J JACKSONVILLE, FLA. For" Maps and particulars, address. "r'i,.

BLUE SPRINGS FLA, July 1894.I l stock for sale cheap. Agent forSmith
j & Romanic's boiled beef and bone, $2.23 per C/D. ACKERLY
I wish to say that the Wonderful Peas too Ibs. Island Poultry Yard, C. H. J Jifbques, Prop., 4OOOO .-- ..

I purchased of you are giving entire satis- Fernandina, Fla 3-20-2: GENERAL F/ErCER AGENT,

faction. I never saw anything to equal FOR SALE for'cash, time or 'trade, orange groves; Royal l Dwarf Banana Suckers for sale at /THE TROPICAL,TRUNK LINE 0

I them, and they are certainly'wonderful.. Fla. and timber lands. E. RUMLEY 3-ii-i6t, Keuka, $5 100 or $40 per'1,000 .' '" .' ; .

Everyone .who has seen them is astonished per Jacksonville, F.h:,

at its growth. NEW DEAL ON WIRE NETTING. PRICES Apply to
A cut in two. We pay freight. Write for ourlatest f
j' J. B. McGEHEE. price-list: E. W. Atnsden, Ormond, Fla tf CHAS, T. VERBEKE, Sarno, Fla ,

. .

h .. ,

-- '." :i" :;" .. ':..'.<. : ,

.. .
,' ;- .. THE -
:,. WEATHER-AND OBOPS. and forward from in some counties truck'is-going .; HAM MAR Costs LESS than "Cheap"' Paint or S, P, White Lead.
large quantities ; but the "
i' For the Week Ending April 22, weather has coo P BBMi Write for book on Painting and Color Card, Free. If not on sale in
prevented a rapid increase i in A N your town we will quote price delivered, freight prepaid and send a
of The week opened slightly warmer than shipments. written guarantee for- five years.. F..HAMMAE, PAINT CO.,

usual for the time of year, and closed with Highest temperature, 87 ; lowest, 45 ; ..-.- ----- .. -Spruce.-.. Street, _St.. Louis. Mo.
the temperature about normal. Duringthe mean, 70 ; normal, 72 ; average 'rainfall, -
middle part of the week a cold wave .35 ; normal, .52. .
-- prevailed, causing the temperature to .
range much below the-normal. The de SOUTHERN DISTRICT.
ficiency in temperature averaged about Notwithstanding the continued cool 1 TJIED1P1UPSON
four degrees below normal for the whole nights and'deficient rainfall, vegetation i :
State. growing rapidly, and crops generally are"
Showers fell generally throughout the in a promising condition. Light showerson I II Ii Iiy

State on. the 17th, except in the extreme the 18th and 19th were very benefi- y I

western portion. They were not very cial.
well distributed, some sections havingmore Nearly all fruit, trees have improved. MACHINERY 0 1I 1II
rain than ,was needed, while in Sweet potatoes of this season's growing ,
other localities there was not sufficient are' already to be had in .small quantities I '

for the requirements of growing crops. I i
j The average'for the State as a whole was Highest temperature, 84 ; lowest, 55 ; .' ,
about 65 per cent of the normal amount mean, 70 ; normal, 75 ; average rainfall., :} '
I .i8 i ; 'normal, ..46.REMARKS .
I for the third week in April.It' COMPANY

,; :- ? was a fine week for outdoor work .' ,
r and farmers were enabled to do a great BY CORRESPONDENTS.The i I 1 1I
,,-' deal. All farming operations are now following notes are selected from r. I ,a

'. : well advanced. reports of correspondents. All cannot .. ., ..n, 'i
While'crops did not make the rapid be published each week, but it will prob-
: growth .that,they would have made under ably be practicable hereafter to print such Manufacturers' ,
'the influence of warmer' weather and extracts as will be of greatest interest.to i. f

I more frequent-showers they did"not suffer readers of these bulletins. ,- Agents. r
j materially'from the effects of the cool Bradfordville, Leon County-Too cold.

I weather. Growth was retarded, but everything One-very heavy rain this week washing mmSupplies
;, is in a condition to ,grow rapidly plowed lands and, beating down plants
with warmer weather and more generous just comingup..

showers. Normal temperature for the Molino, Escambia County-A.magnificent -
State for the week, 72 degrees; average, week ; nights quite cool. Rain is Machinery &
68.; normal rainfall, 0.59 of an,inch ; av- needed on uplands. ,
erage, 0.41.
WESTERN. DISTRICT. Lake ,City; Columbia CountyPeachand Engines:?, Boilers, Saw Mills, Shingle Mills,
plum has set too heavy and
The temperature. was about two de- crop
" : grees below normal. No rain fell in the very little 'curculio to properly thin it. Wood Working Machinery, Sugar) .. .

>". .extreme western portion, but heavy local more Pears of seem their to,, crop.haVe shed about half or Rice, Cotton, and Canning Machinery.
showers reported from some of the.cen- 'I
tral counties of the district, which-washed Amelia, Nassau County- doing .
plowed lands and injured young plants. I well where not too dry. Heavy rain on Irl'igoting.Machinel'Y a Specialty

.. The weather continues too cool for crops the 17th, came just in time to save things.A -
tQ make rapid .growth and there was not few peas, turnips, etc" beginning to Office and Warehouse :Machinery'Wharves,'adjoining S., F. & W. R'y Depot.
enough rain, especially for crops on high appear in market.
lands. Switzerland, St. Johns County-Crops J"...A..CKSONV-ZLLE: : : FLA.ST .

Fruit, prospects continue very. promising generally( doing<.i well. Watermelons will ,
and with warm showers field crops soon be in bloom. Irish potatoes com-
make rapid growth, The dry, cool II ing in. Strawberries falling short ; some
. weather made outdoor: work very pleas- thing seems to affect the bloom.
ant and farmers were busy preparingsweet I Lawtey, Bradford County-Weather JOHNS HOTEL
potato lands and cultivating crops. too dry for strawberries ; good for corn. ,

Highest temperature, 74 ; l lowest 53 ; Berry shipping will soon end on accountof E. HUDNALL, Prop. .
mean, 66 ; normal, 69 ; average rainfall, dry weather and effects of the freeze.
.18 of,an inch ; normal, .84. Green Cove Springs, Clay County- 'v. Forgytli St., between Main and Laura, Jacksonville, Fla.
"- Rain of 17th a good start.
NORTHERN DISTRICT. gave crops One or'the most comfortable and homelike hotels in the South. Bates $2.00 and $2.50 per day.
Temperature deficient. Rainfall nearly Cold nights are retarding vine crops and Special rates to Commercial,men weekly and permanent guests.
cause general truck, to make slow progress. ...
normal. On the 18th the daily mean
LeConte pears have set little fruit, not-
temperature was about 15 degrees below
normal. withstanding the heavy bloom. ,
Crops generally are doing well though Homeland, Polk County-Corn grow- -VZDSON: : &:i CO. ,
has been ing, rapidly. Oats doing well. Toma-
growth somewhat retarded by the
cool weather during the middle 'part of toes half grown. Beans ready for mar- Commission. =:= Merchants.
the week. Light hail fell with the rain inColumbia' ket. Gardens doing finely. Irish potatoes
and Volusia Counties on the making well. Orange trees growing HEADQUARTERS FOR FLORIDA FRUITS. .

17th, and high winds demolished a large nicely. .
of all Kinds.
Oranges Lemons Pineapples Early Vegetables
tobacco barn near Lake City and damaged Wildwood, Sumpter County-Crops ,
other property slightly. Blight is reportedto looking well considering the cool nights. No. so West Front SNtreet, CINCINATI, OHIO.
Some new beets being shipped sand
seriously injuring trees in
Alachua County. Farm work is generallywell squash will be ready for shipping in a 1
advanced and most farmers will few days. Corn doing well ; oats head-

finish planting this week. ing out nicely. Trees !
., : Orailge ..,
Palmetto, Manatee CountyWeathervery ..., .
Highest temperature, 85 ; lowest, 40 ; .
( : mean, 65 ; normal, 70; average rainfall, favorable for crops of all : ,;; :.. .78 ; normal, .74 inches. Irish potatoes, beans, squash, tomatoes\ .
+' and cabbage have moved some this
: ..
.-: CENTRAL DISTRICT. week, while a few-parties have begun to

..' _' Seasonable weather prevailed i in this pick cucumbers. Bananas that were not The Reliable UCKEY.E Nurseries1
,' section of the State until after the cut off are putting out green leaves. ..
showers on the 17th, when it turned quite Myers. Lee County-A fine ,week for
cool, causing some uneasiness amongst vegetable growth. Most of citrus family
farmers. Vegetable and field crop are growing!beautifully, except the lime. A I have on hand the finest lot of stock I have ever grown of all the stand-
doing well, and orange trees show improvement goodly proportion of mangos and avo- ard varieties. I have a specially fine lot of Tardiff and Jaffa in two-year buds,
.',:. in some sections, while in cados are starting out quite well. Nearlyall from five to seven feet high. I recognize the fact that it's hard times, and pro
others the progress they are making is guavas are starting up from the roots. pose to sell at hard'tiraes prices. I make a specialty of the King Orange.

not very encouraging. Gardens are im Planting of cow peas has commenced.E. Write for prices. ftf. ]E. GILLETT PrOpr. .
proving. R. DEMAIN, Director.
Fla., 'W'ctRS: : .A.t.c.: : :rzorxaA.: : ,
Vegetable shipments are increasing, Jacksonville! April 22

L:1: (i I .

., ..._.........._..-,.--, --.o.-r.. -- -, -' .- ....-.. -.,,,1...,........-r.. .-. ,.-U i'i! _, ..,.. .-...,.. "', -.' --".- ,-u"...'..._."._,.._-. -.'f'... ..I. .. >.. .......,.,.......,.
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f- : : 'J' ... ,, ;,:' .r: Ji".. .$. .
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I < .r .. -". ,, .. ..,..... ...."' .::.''..'J." Y.. ,.-'T._,t"'r, .-.; _..... ". .. .-4,. .
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f: 270 THE FLORIDA FARMER AND: FRUIT GROWER. .... ':- ..;.::, .) "-':.., -':"; :;;:;

i' The Florida Central & Peninsular E. 'R: d o.} ?.

I ,:. .
.. -:
! J .... '...

,"':. N- -41 The New line to. A AF.C
ec F' \

'".. .. .

:".- I ',,: r V*.- / FL OMIDANOW .' "

.w':" IiLIN ( ,. ,. : ... OPEN :. '
; I ,
.; n' ..

J Quicker Time | hort Distance} :,.15

., .' q
,p, .' ."
.... ;
To the Traveling 3oiblic. .. }.?::1
,. ,':' u::':.." ",


:::-: To and From Boston, New York;, Philadelphia. Baltimore and Washington, '/..., 'f;:r.>.' :_'.:k"..;..<..
.1 Via Columbia, S. C., and running to Tanlpa, Fla., South and making such connections that '.-':;> .- :..: :.: '
, ''
The New Line is laid with 70-lb Steel Rail, Two Through Trains Daily each way," ?

. ',' '. PERFECT EQUIPMENT,. Pintsch Gas on Cars, and all Improvements.Cincinnati _" f..': '

, :
Chattanooga, Atlanta, Macon and Everett f
and Flofl'da LI'IDI'ted "
a Via ', St. Lonis and Florida Through Sleepers :".,'fJ!Y

M .- ,;; ;"fJ
Kansas City and Florida Through Sleepers :" :
. .. .
.. Daily Service between these Points, Leaving Jacksonville 6:00: p p. m. Only"'25 Hours between Jacksonville and Cincinnati. ... .


:: The 'Florida Central & Peninsular "a,:r; ji
.. :: v :v- ;

About 700 miles in length in Florida, traverses 23 counties of, the State, and through its connections reaches all. its route'is through tb,' splendid" .,.':.'.. "<
) L d" "
:Hill: of Mlclclle: : :JP1orida ':: ">
...: Cjo-u.ntry': : : :- :'.
where, on the old cotton plantations, the:new TOBACCO, STOCK-FARM, VINEYARD and FRUIT (Pear.and Peach) industries have started into vigorous life; <:;L-,
.across the Suwannee River; through the Ridgeland of Central Florida; among the STRAWBERRY FARMS of LAWTEY, STARKE and.WALDO; the ORANGE
GROVES reared in the regions where nature nourished this fruit in'its wild state; through the beautiful LAKE COUNTRY into the PHOSPHATE MINES inter-
spersed about Ocala, Gainesville, Archer, and along its route. By the side of famous,SILVER SPRING. Down to Orlando and Kissimmee, the gateway of the East, _
,Coast and the great Sugar Country. Down to Cedar'Keys, with fish and oysters. Into the Hunting Regions of the Gulf Hammock. Down to thriving TAMPA, '' .
connecting by Steamers with KEY WEST and HAVANA. Down to the TARPON 'FISHERIES. Through the CHOICEST PARTS OF FLORIDA; from the .. ..'
deep water port of Fernandina, where the Lumber and,Phosphate are shipped. ..:-:. .;:
_;,,, :'i..:JI;':I

Double Daily Trains for Tampa and Intermediate Points. > {; sS

t'"i:: \
::-._; LEAVE JACKSONVILLE AT 9:40: A. M. and 7:45: 'P. M. DAILY ,. .-0, .> : .:' :

: :. ,'y 28 Miles Shortest Route from Jacksonville to Tampa. t :. :::.: ". j j.V, -
... .'\ :,, '.. .*.
JACKSONVILLE AT 9:40: A. M. and 6.30 P. M. .. ':' ':.:', *"--I'*'
t :' i<"

Connects for. all! points on S. S.r O. & G.1 R. R. Connects for Tarpon ,Springs, Sutherland, Dunedin, St: Petersburg-points on Orange Belt Connects. for ':'.-:
Bartow, Manatee River and other South Florida points Also with Steamers for Key West and Havana. '. '.. .;-V::>*"*..

Only Line to THE: 'C.A.JJrJ.A.L-rJ'allahassee-and.: CEDAR: : XE-ZS. ..<,,';:"


i "
1 Lands with great variety soil are'all found on this road.: ,All its divisions center in the,Metropolis, Jacksonville, where it has docks use.d.by the connecting Steamers for.. New York.;:'

J 1 Send for Best Map of Florida to A. O. MacDONELL, Gen'l! Pass.,Agent, Jacksonville, Fla. .-r. ::.'
I N. .S. PENNINGTON, Traffic Manager. _. D. E. MAXWELL, Gen'l Manager
!IL I C, S. BEERBOWER, Ticket Agent, 86 West Bay Street, W G. COLEMAN, Gen'l Traveling Agent.r .

it I .
1 .
.1 t,,,, __ '




J .. .

4 ." .
-" <.- ., .
:'t. ,f.; ,.,... !;. ,; :i" :,: ..: ':' ", ;, .. f "' '. ,
: .
: : ,
.... ; ', :; < "
,:....-. '' .r' ,'.'' THE FLORIDA. FARMER ,AND FRUIT GROWER. 271 ,

-" "

: : i : o' SAVANNAH LINE ; The Clyde :Steamship Co. .


48 to,55 hours between Savannah, New York and Philadelphia, and
65, to 70 hours between Savannah and Boston. ,

The magnificent Steamships of this Line are appointed to sail

as follows, calling at Charleston, S. C., both ways : -
Manager. -
,- ,' ,-. (STANDARD TIME! )
', From New York. From Jacksonville I
(Pier 29 E. R.f) STEAMER Florida.

l Ird'a thr' I',; + Wednesday! Mar. 27th, at 3 p m.....,............CHJEROKEE................. ..Tuesday, April ad, aj 10.00 a m
.;" j'c'i f : I : fi f y Friday, 29th at 3 p m..................ALGONQUIN;.,.....,......... Thursday 4th,'at 12.30 p m
.4 Vi -r': ; a 14 Tuesday April ad, at-3 p m.................. SEMINOLE .............. ..... -IIII at 2.00 p m
;, Friday; u, stn, at 3 p m.................... ROQUO IS.?: ........,..,....Thursday, tit, at 6.ooain .
.. ,O'. .' ., Monday, 8th, at 3 p m.......,.....,.... CHEROKEE.....,..............Sunday, II 14th, at 8.00 a m
l :r r ,( ,. Wednesday. icth, at 3 p m................ AI.GONQUINTuesday, 16th, at 10.00 a m
: .,. tet4W4 rN r4 YS'4 d (; ; v (' "t9.. ; y b t.i N 5 Friday",' ItII lath, at 3 pm....;.,.........,.,SEMINOLE................... Thursday, ., i8th, at 12.00 n'nTuesdty
.$ : ," i6th, at 3 p m...... ..,.........1 IROQUOIS ....,............... Sunday, 21St, at 2.00 p m
< .. Friday 19th, atspra.................CHEROKEE..,................. Thursday 25th, at 4.30. a m
> Monday, .II '22d at3pm....,..;......,*ALGONQUIN .,...............Sunday 28th,at 6.30 a m
...... Wednesday II 24th, at 3 p in................. SEMINOLE ;..... .............Tuesday 3oth, at 8.30 a mad
. -' Friday,.. II 26th, at 3 p m..........,,..... IROQUOIS .......:............. Thursday May at n'.oo; a m
..' Tuesday, It 3oth, at 3 p m.CHEROKEE................,... Sunday, 5th at 1.30 p m
"- __ *For New York Direct. .
\ '

.. Philadelphia and Jacksonville Line.

PASSAGE RATES: Weekly service between Jacksonville and Philadelphia, calling at Charleston, S. C., south bound.
The fast freight Steamships Oneida" and Winyah are apposnted to sail as follows: .
Between Jacksonville New York: First-elasss, $25.00; Intermediate $19.00;; Excursion, $43.30;
Steerage $12.50. From, Philadelphia.. S1EAMSIIIFS.Saturday From Jacksonville'Direct.. -

Jacksonville and Boston- or Philadelphia: Cabin, $27.00 ;' Intermediate $21.00; Excursion. $47.30; March 3oth.......................................ONEIDA.............. ............ .......,..........Friday, April 5th
Steerage, $11.25. The magnificent! Steamships of this Company are appointed to sail as follows: Saturday April 6th.......<;.....,....................... WINYAH ...........,...................,...........Friday, April t2th
Saturday pril isth..,...................................ONEIDA............................................Friday, April igth ,
FROM SAVANNAH TO NEW YORK. Saturday April zoth.:....;........-..................... WINYAH ..............,..........;......,..........Friday, April 26th '
'(Central or 90.Meridian Time.) Saturday, April 27th.....................................ONEIDA.........: ........ .....................,.Friday, May, 3d

........ -
TALLAHASSEE. March 24.- 4.00 a. m.
GIFT OF .AUGUSTA.Tuesday, March 26, 5.30 p. m. : ST. JOHNS RIVER LINE.
KANSAS CITy...................................................................................Friday, March 29, 7.00 a. m. .
NACOOCIIEE,) ..................... ..............................Sunday, March 31, 8.00 a. m.
CITY OF BIRMINGHAM.......................... ......................................1'ucsday.April 2, 10.30 a. m.
CITY OF AUGUSTA.-..................................:.............Friday, April 5. 2.00 p. m. For Sanford, Enterprise and Intermediate Points on the
/ KANSAS CITY.....*.'. ... ......................Sunday, April 7, 4.00 a. m. ;,
St. Johns River t '
TALLAHASSEE....'.....Tuesday, April 9, 5.30 p. m, ,. ;
..CI'fYOF.. BIRMINGHAM. '......................................'............. ..........Friday, April 12, 7.30 a. m.
CITY OF AUGUSTA..-.................Sunday, April 14. 9.00a.m. THE ELEGANT IRON SIDE-WHEEL STEAMER .
KANSAS CITY.?... ,April 16, 11.OOa.m.
," .. April 19, 2.00 p. m. ':
f CITY BIRMINGHAM. ay, April 21. 3.00 a. m. City of Jacksonville, :
CITY OF AUGUSTA. April 23, 4.30p. m '
KANSAS CITY. April 26. 6.00 a. m; .. ',; : .
-TALLAHASSEE.- .'.................................Sunday April 28, 7.OOa. m, CAPT. W. A. SHAW. ., v--J _:' .
CITY BIRMINGHAM.'.......'....'.....:...;.........."......"........ .....' Tuesday,April 30, 9.OOa.m. Is appointed to sail from Jacksonville 'Sundays, Tuesdays and Fridays at'3.30. p. m., and returning l leave" >-
I. FROM SAVANNAH TO BOSTON.;: : Sanford, Mondays Wednesdays and Saturdays at 9 a. m. ..* "-

CITY OF MACON...........' Thursday, March 28, 6.30 p. m. Read down. SCHEDULE. Read up.Leave .
GATE CITY :.*..............................................Thursday, April 4, ].00 p. m. .' 3.30 p m.......................................... acksonville ......................................Arrive 3.'iO a m
CITY OF! M MACON..".............................;..........:..........Thursday, April '11, 6.30 p. m. 8.45 pIn..........................................Palatka........................................:......Leave .* 9.00 p m
GATE (1ITY.-\..;......Thursday, April 18, 1.00 p. m. i i 3.00 a m..................................,........Astor................................:v.j.............. 3.00 pm.
CITY GF MACON...............................................'............................Thursday, April 25, 5.30 p. m. 41 4 30 a m........'..................................St. Francis ......................................... 1.30 p'm
II 5.30 a m........................ ..................Beresford............................................ 12.00 noonArrive -
FROM SAVANNAH TO PHILADELPHIA. 8.30 a m...................................;.....Sanford.........................;...................;. 9.oo'a m
it 9.25 a m..........................................Enterprise...........;............................. 9.30 a m
". (These Shipilc o NOT Carry Passengers.) \ .
: .. 1
ELIIIU .Wed'day, March, fi.OOa.m. and Ticket Office 204 West St. Jacksonville Fla.A. .
DtiSS(> .,V cd'day, April 3, 11.30 a. m. General Passenger Bay ,
ELIHU THOMPSON............................................:..........................., ed'day, April 10, 6.00 a. in.DESSOUG Green, New York. ,
.................rr.."..................................."Wed'day, April 17, 12.00 noon. J. COLE. Passenger Agents Traffic Bowling Bowling Green, New York. '.
ELUIU THOMPSON........................;:.;... .......................... &............Wed'day, April 24, 5.00p.m.. D.M.D.H.C.CLYDE MINK Assistant General Freight Manager Agent, 12 So. Delaware avenue, Philadelphia, Pa.
THEO. G. EGER Traffic Manager 5 Bowling Green, New York. '
THESE PALACE STEAMERS, F. M. IRONMONGER Jr., Florida Passenger Agent, 204 West Bay St., Jacksonville, Fla. ,.
JOHN L. HOWARD, Florida Freight Agent, foot Hogan Street, Jacksonville, Fla.. '
:\.,Connect at Savannah with Central Florida Railroad Central,of& Peninsular Georgia. Savannah lailrad.'Through Florida ic Western Railway, J. A. LESLIE Superintendent, foot Hogan Street, Jacksonville, Fla.

:. ,Bills of Lading, Tickets and .Baggage Checks to all points North and East. See your WM. P. CLYDE & CO. Gen'l Agents.
nearest ticket agpnt. or write for Freight,or Passage to ,
;' J. P. BUCK WITH, G.F.kP.'Agent.NewPier35N.It., Now York.R. 12 South Delaware Avenue, Philadelphia. 5 Bowling Green New York.
: .'L. WALK KR+ Agent. C. ANDERSON, Agent, .
;} New Pier No. 35!' North River, New York. City Exchange Building, Savannah,.Ga.
:, RICHARDSON & BARNARD. Agents, Lewis' Wharf; Boston W. A. BOURS. ESTABLISHED 1875. J. B. BOURS
W. L,. JAMES; Agent, 13 S. Third Street Philarlel hia. '
;. : W. 11.. RIIETT, Gen'l Agt. C. R. R., 317 Broadway New York.
..- ,. J, D. HASH AGEN, Eastern Agent Sav.,.Fla, & Western Ry. Co., -Broadway.. N. Y. WILLIAM A. BOURS & CO.,
..J.'L. ADAMS, (Gen I :East. Agt. F. C. & P. R. R. A. DEW. SAMPSON General Agent,
353 Broadway New,York. 306 Washington St., Boston.
,,I ;:-. W. J. FARRELL, Soliciting Agent."' ,W. E. ARNOLD Gen. Trav. Pass. Agt.

New Office, 224 West Bay Street, Jacksonville.- ; ,

300,Acres in Nursery. One Acre Under Glass. Thirty- Seventh Year. 22 West Bay Street, Jacksonville, Fla.

SPECIALTIES: We Handle Only the Best and Most Reliable Seeds A Complete Stock of

F R U I T TP I R E E S Peach Specially Oriental adapted Plums to Florida and Pears and subtropical, Japan Persimmons countries. Flour Bran Wheat Grits Meal

Strawberries, Guavas. Giant Loquat etc., etc. Rare Conifers and Broad-leaved Evergreens, Camel: Hay Corn Oats
liiis, Azaleas, 50,000 Palms, 20,000 Camphor Trees, Hedge Plants, Open Ground Grown Roses. The ,
Green House is complete in plants of every class suited to Southern Horticulture. Catalogues

No free.Agents.Address P. J. BERCKMANS Fruitland! Nurseries, Augusta, -Ga. Cotton Seed Meal, Both Bright and Dark


".,.;: :,., --,. I. GUN AND LOCKSMITH.. Tygert-Allen Fertilizer ,Co NITRATE SODA

."."", ", ". Star Brand Fertilizers, ;
':> Batteries Electric Enunciators for Hotels and Elevators.
'::ii; Electric Door Bells and '
',.,-:' "t" Put in Burglar Alarms and Protect your Property. State GUARANTEED ANALYSIS, SULPHATE POTASH, :
., '
j *, Agent'for the '/ Infinity" Dry Battery.I .
; :
Orange e Tree ana Vegetable KAINIT Etc.
These Fertilizers have no superior in the market, and a trial will convince

36 West Forsylli St., Jacksonville, Florida .Send for Catalogue free.



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. r .,:" How are you going to dispose of your vegetables, .probable that, if you are not already a patron of our

v:::::- etc., this Spring and Summer ? brands of fertilizers, you will be another season. We

|is.y; Have you tried our: New York house yet in order. have obtained large returns for others. We can do

to determine whether a company who IS. interested it for you.
A:w;> in securing high prices for your products can actually OBTAINING HIGHER PRICES FOR YOUR

, &"i{,:' 0 secure you larger returns ? CROPS will increase our fertilizer business, and

k. Try us with a shipment at the same time you ship that is what we are working: for. Write to us at

Irjc:. to some one else. If we get you larger returns it is No. I, BROADWAY' NEW. YORK, for Stencil. I

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;I,!t;.:::; Then write to us for information about using our newly improved "INSECT- Our Lime Decidedly the Handsomest Paying \

..W1 V W.i ; ICIDE AND FERTILIZER LIME." If applied fresh it will destroy every
Investment that Can Possibly be Made--- I
!. 'lr'.,.: V insect in your garden. It is indispensable, where Bugs attack Tomato Plants, <\

jf V Watermelons, Beans, Cabbage, Strawberries, etc., etc. Without It, Inferior Crops---With It, Perfect .I

"< 1V t I Growth and Fruitage. .
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READ WHAT OUR CUSTOMERS SAY: [From Arcadia, Fla.] ',"

V The Paine Fertilizer Co., Jacksonville, Fla. :
In-VV f
GENTLEMEN\ have read with much interest Prof. Pratt's analysis of your f.
-' a --- ,
Lime reported in the Farmer and Fruit Grower of the 9th inst. I purchased two ;
.. Tomatoes to the Acre.
, tons of you about three months ago and sowed it broadcast over two acres of .j

'.' [From Winter Haven, Fla.] newly cleared up bay-head land. I have no v.growing over 4,000 cabbages, 1,500
c"T! rV
: VV The Paine Fertilizer Co., 'Jacksonville, Fla. : tomato plants, several hundred egg plants, beets, lettuce, cauliflower and onions;

DEAR SIRS-I have used one ton of your Insecticide and Fertilizer Lime ex- all doing remarkably well, all.of which I attribute to- the use of your Insecticide

perimenting with it, and I take pleasure in testifying that it not only destroys Cut and. Fertilizer. Lime. Less than four months' ago this was a wet swampy bay- I

Worms and other insects which destroy vegetable plants, bud that it is a good fertilizer head. I have four acres now to clear up and shall use a ton to an acre.
y- t for Florida soil. I also applied it to my lemon trees with the desired effect. ,Yours truly, ;
jVVV ,V I use 600 pounds of fertilizer and 700 pounds of lime per acre to my tomatoes,and ,I

a; II will get 200 crates to the acre where I used this lime. I am going to use 1,000 I I
Write for our complete I. & F. Lime pamphlet, with various opinions from all ;
pounds to the acre next season on all lands that I cultivate. .

,,' Yours very respectfully, sections of the State. This Insecticide, will save your Strawberry plants if used :

," .
C. A. McCOLLUM. during the summer.. I

V ,4 Write us for all information on agricultural matters to

: V1O anal 712..East Eay-; St. J'ao] son.ri11e, FloridaJ:

: And for all information about selling your Fruit and Vegetable Crops, to 1

b ,- No 1.:, Broadway-; New :Lork'J Nt Y .;'

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