Florida farmer & fruit grower
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055765/00325
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: S. Powers
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: April 13, 1895
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note: Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038466
oclc - 01387403
notis - AKM6256
lccn - sn 95026761
System ID: UF00055765:00325
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen

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s. Powers.' Publisher and Proprietor JACKSONVILLE, FLA., APRIL 20, 1895. .... Whole No. 1307 V NKW l> VII SEIJIKS. No 1J


W. C. WIIL. ESTABLISHED; ; 1876. A. F. JON13..H .

. ., :. WILL & JONES .L 0 B. Darling-WRITE TO Fertilizer THE Co. ,

,, : 58 & 00 WEST MARKET ST. 119 & 123 MICIIIGAX ST.,


If you are in need'of any Fertilizer or Fertilizer}Material and get their
: Special Low Prices for Cash with Order.


This opportunity of a lifetime to obtain Fertilizers at about cost: to the manufacturer.Office .

.. Correspondence invited and stencils furnished on application Reliable agents wanted'at and Warehouse: Rear of 26 West Bay St., on river front,midway bet. Main.and Laura Sts.
principal shipping points,
.... Rend for Pocket MemorarrdaRonk., .

..Jf" vi, : : -REFERENCES; ; :,- .. .

> ": ',*'' First National Bank of Jacksonville, Fla. Bank Commerce Buffalo, N.Y. Dun's and Brad-. .: ,. ':rHE

' r. "r BtfeetVAgencies, : : .d'-' -, -, *: __- _. ...... t: ,,,_'_. 1 00,000, 't ''k' .. ,' ;?rryi',

Everything for Florida. Established 1883. gMgRsuNBlig

c 4 o To everyone Interested in plants, our Dozen piqeappIepIaqts FEED' WORKS
1 f o NEW CATALOGUE: for 1895

p '.1 J will be found invaluable, 64 pages; illustrated,described and priced. Send for Saw Mills has lately been improved andis
1. for it. It's free. Although the recent cold hurt much of our outside stock, absolutely'perfect. Simple, sensitive durable -
we are able to fill orders for almost everything catalogued excepting Citrus. FOE' SALE. and cheap. Very quick .

r.' Rok A Specially fine line of Economic and Ornamental Plants
BROS. Oiieco Fla. .
to any extent and in a great measure
An Immense stock of varies automatically. The easiest and fafest of
CAN BE DELIVERED IN AUGUST. all feeds to handle and the easiest of all to apply.
W E H ,A'V E HEALTHY POT-GROWN Guavas, Eugenlas,

Camphors, Palms, Gardenias, Olea Fragrans, Can be Put on, any Mill in a Few Hours.We .
Magnolia Fuscata, and thousands of other --
desirable plants, trees and shrubs adapted to all parts of Florida. Write will gladly loan free of charge for thirty
days to all good mill men, or will give six weeks
For further information write
for our prices. to i the first to apply from each county.For .
further particulars apply to the
Governor's Harbor,
Eleuthera, Bahamas, Apopka, Fla. Manager.

Packet 10 cents; ounce 15 cents; pound $1.50, postpaid.
PEARL MILLET. Pound 35 cents;4 pounds $1.25 post paid. 10 pound lots or above by express -
or freight not prepaid. 2ocents per pound. SEEDS IN SEASON.
KAFFIR CORN AND BRANCHING SORGHUM.. Pound 30 cents;. 4 pounds, $1.00 postpaid; CALIFORNIA BUDS
10 pound lots or above uot prepaid. 15 ctnts per found? .
EARLY ORANGE AND EARLY AMBER SORGHUM. Pound 25 cents; 4 pounds 90 cents
postpaid.. 10 pound lots or above not prepaid 12 cents per pound.
SPANISH PEANUTS. Pound, postpaid, 30 cents; peck 75 centsbushel; $2.50 not prepaid. FOR SALEIn Cow Peas, Whippoorwill, Clay, Red Un-

H. G. HAS TING: : & CO., S&EDSMEN.: any quantity, nice clean, thrifty Orange and known, Sugar Crowder, Wonderful,
Catalogue free. I nterlaohon Florida. Lemon Bud Wood of the following varieties: Black and Conch. Upland nice,
JAFFA, Beggar Weed, Millets\ Pearl


(,..L.. J.abl.'S IlCW l..u.uogucavr Z2yq\ .'9$,recount: : 17 years'experience with the can'y,pro lucuN and hardy satsuma: orange, MALTA BLOOD, FORAGE PLANTS.Also .
' and the vigorous Citrus Mfoliata, which, without protection, the winters,as far north as Washington,unlnlurecU RUBY BLOODS,

\ ORA M E O: ELOCI.RUSFRULT; WILSON'S BEST HART'S, TARDIFF, Garden Seed at lowest prices.
Dancy's Tangerines & Mandarins. Send for price list.
inarietyT on range.in5iTrJoTlata! stocks. Over goo varieties 0.'red for f lorkia. and Lower South including figs,
I .fT1ITeS! ,apricots,olives,mulherrtes pomegranates: ,almonds,pecans,J30lln walnuts, Japan chestnuts,kumquats,ornamentals,

$ PECE1P ,,U.REAR ; AL! Lisbon LLrMO1, Eureka:and Villa Franca. L. CAMERON Seedsman,

1\ csting varieties in extensive experimental orchards and grounds,, maintained toe the purpose at, Guided\ All true td name Price varying from $5 to JACKSONVILLE, FLA. ,
, been a leading feature of the business for thirteen years,and has amply repaid the outlay in the Information afi'orded. $7 per looo. Delivered to any post office in the
::1 bv 1 results' fr'VART'b''frE!s' ri'fjtod' rE'5' J Jfi State. ,Address, O. WILHITE, Best the Breed South.for

Riverside, California. D IJovon C a ttI c. { Milk, Bulter,
Handsome.00-",,,,rut grower's annual andhorticultural hand-book,tree I >t ull and correct descriptions' j 40 accurate. i i i i ; Beef andWorkingOxen
; artistic Illustrations 1 recent results with leading sorts|latest practice and best methods In culture and management. Send to Wilhite ,
fi O. Ij. TABER. Glen St. UTarv. Fla. for new edition (enlaced and rewritten tnroii to be reliable. Have received buds from him
the past week in fine condition.-Chas. Pugsley, ROSELAND PLANTATION,
Maunville, Florida Bainbridge, S. W. Ga,


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,. :F E T I I..., I Z.E S f


1 INDIAN BRANDS-These fertilizers contain the elements of plant life in'their, natural state just as

the nice hand of Nature has manufactured them from the plants themselves, not combined artificially ,.

with dangerous acids and alkalies. They produce good immediate results, and at the same time '

J; .. are a source of future available fertility to the soil. They are compounded according to formulas ap-

proved by the experience and observation, of twenty years.

/ ;-. Fruit and Vine Fertilizer. Garden Truck Fertilizer.
v, -r-:. Per cent. Percent. -,* Percent.
": .-_. .................. 3 to 4 Ammonia........ .... ............. ...... 5 to 6 Ammonia. ............ ..... ........ 4.5010 5.25
Avail.Phos.. Acid............ ............' 6 to 8 Avail. Phos. Acid..... ............... ... 7 tog Available Phosphoric Acid..... .... 8.25 to 9 00
( Acid Soluble Phos. Acid...... ....... ... 2to 3 Acid Soluble Phos. Acid.... ... .... .... 2to 3 In soluble Phosphoric Acid.......... 'i.oo to 2.50
'4. Total Phos. Acid........... .............. 8 to 10 Total Phos. Acid. .. ..... .. .......... 10 to 12 Total Phosphoric Acid........ ..... 9.00 to II.oo 1
'4 '+' Actual Potash.... ...... .... ............ 10 to 12 Actual Potash......................... 3 to 4J4 Potash(actual) ....... ...... .... 6.50 to 7.59Pure

Ammonia...... ..... 4 to 5 per ct. | Phosphoric Acid....., '..... 20 to 21 per ct. I Equal: to Bone Phosphate...... 44 to 46 per ct


Made of the best material by skilled mechanics, according the j

IMPERIAL I latest approved designs. The most economical, because the. strongest 1'
and most durable.' J
Spring Tooth Lever CultIvator. j

PRICE, 7 Teeth, $8.00. ,,

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This implement is very popular in all fruit-growing districts ; apple, peach, oranjre groves,
tobacco And corn culture and for truck farming has no equal. Made with seven or eight spring IMPERIAL PLOWS
teeth. Badly adjusted for depth with lever from rear. Unloads trash jeadily ; stirs and pulverize _
'*the ground thoroughly. Made of steel and malleable iron; finished nicely, and bound to give No. 10. Chilled, weight 80 lbs........ .$9.00 No. 9. Chilled, weight 65 lbs....... ......700.
satisfaction, wherever used: Adjusted for depth. No. 8. 50 lbs.. .. .... 6.00 I No. 5.,, 46 Ibs....... ...... 5.00.
,".5'S ,

. '* ..' ;.. ... ,o,, .. ._, ", .;o .'c'r;', "1':' The teeth 8% inches long and f inch square, are fastened to the cross bars by clamps,'and
;f ; 0 3, ,. '-.",:'_ \ "" 0. ..,;;, : can be raised or lowered to any degree of cut or taken out for resharpening. The cross bars are
h;.'0 ". U" shaped, the lightest and strongest shape known for a harrow bar, and are highly catbonized i
to add stiffness and prevent bending or getting out of shape. A forward movement of the handle I
throws the teeth into a horizontal position, allowing the rubbish to escape.' Brackets attached to
each corner turn down when the teeth are out of the ground and make transportation over uu- i
plowed ground easy. Three feet nine inch sections, four bars each.
I One section, 24 teeth, f'' inch cuts 3 feet 9 inches..... ........ ........$ 800. I
L s Two sections, 48 teeth, 1'8 inch, cuts 7 feet 6 inches..... ......:........ 15.00. I
---: ... These prices include draw bars.

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;; \ > _. = HosePine, Apple, Tomato and Berry Crates, etc. .

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Having been practical orange growers for a number of years, also in the business of manufacturing Insecticides and using them ourselves -

for the last ten years, we speak from experience when we make the following statement : .

That SULPHUR SOLUTION INSECTICIDE is by far the cheapest and best preparation yet offered. to the orange grower.

It ]has never yet been Adulterated or Diluted In any form whatever] in order to Lower the Price, as

other] Insecticides ]have been throughout] the State, '

But is always uniform in strength and 0 can be depended on to accomplish the purpose for which it was made. It can be sprayed on '! \

the trees, at any stage of growth, without injury to them or the persons using it. j

As sulphur will not kill all insects affecting the orange tree, we have perfected another insecticide, known as Tar Emulsion, which .J' 1

is very effective in destroying Aleyrodes- Citri (commonly known as the White Fly), also the Red Spider (not the Spotted mite or Yellow t

Spider), and used in combination ''with Sulphur Solution it will give better results than any insecticide ever used. .; 1

We have tested it thoroughly the past two years ourselves, and know whereof we speak. ,' '(

These insecticides have been used by some of the largest orange growers in the State and have given perfect satisfaction. 1

References and general directions for using furnished on application. ,

Write for Price-List. ""'1'


J. '. "'" Mateo Fla.'a'' :


S S 0_ _-.-__ ____.. On .



Orchard. hotels of Florida have not begun to to speak with any certainty, the indi- ORANGE TREES.
$ patronize home industries in that re- cations are that the experiment will be -

._ _, __ __ successful.The How a Southern Mississippi Grower -
-yJ0r r >ir r r | | irnll[ | rn i Li1r tJ > r< IJ f \f spect. fairly Saves His.
FLORIDA'S GREAT HOTELS. Yours truly, work was done with great care
Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower
C. B. KNOTT, and no factor omitted that could pos: :
Do They Patronize the State ? Manager.PALM sibly tend to its success. Enclosed please find clipping from
Editor Farmer and Ftuit-Grower: the Garden and Forest written by G.
I Those who have seedling ,
BEACII, Fla., April 10,1895. pecanscan
letter of the 28th
Referring to your informationas Mr. J.. E. Ingraham, St. Augustine\ hardly wait eight or ten years to T. Drennan, Pass Christian, Miss.
ult. regard to obtaining Fla.: I find out whether' they have drawn a Various are the ways to save orange

to how far the large tourist hotelsof DEAR SIR-Replying to your letter : prize or a blank, when the probabilities groves,. but this appears the most mar-

the East Coast" are patronizing of April 2d in regard to "cheering up are so largely in favor of the latter. velous of all, being the very oppositeof <; .
"home industries, I beg to hand you the growers" of the State, would say Graft these seedlings by all means, the practice pursued by your Miss-
herewith letters from Messrs. Knott that this has been an exceptionallygood using scions from choice bearing trees. issippi correspondent, Mr. Bell, of

and Merrill, managers of Mr. Flagler's season at the Royal Poinciana. It should -be done while the trees are Biloxi, as related in your paper of

hotels at St. Augustine and Palm Owing to the freeze we were unableto young, and at the collar of the tree, or April 6th. GEO. A. PURDIE.

Beach.It get fresh vegetables... However, I better yet, four inches below the sur- Boston' Mass. '
would from these letters In what may be called ordinary cr
seem feel certain that' we will be able to get face of the ground. I have never triedto !
that the industries which need to be average seasons oranges ripen well in
sufficient for our table another season, top graft the but I think it
looked after most by the farmers of southern Mississippi, but killing frosts
so that we will not have to go out of would be difficult to do successfully.J. .
this State, are those of poultry and the come every few years, so that while
the State for vegetables. The same H. GIRARDEAU,
/ dairy. I know that the dairy oranges are grown here as a luxury
be said of fruits. Butter
may we Monticello, Fla.
business be made they are never considered as a reliable,
can a success
have to get elsewhere on account of ......
here, for the reason that in the west- the unreliability of being able to get Plain Trimming.Editor staple crop. Nevertheless, immunityfrom
ern part of ,the State, especially in the good butter in Florida. Some of the Farmer and Fruit-Grower; cold waves for a few seasons

vicinity of Tallahassee, they make as butter bought in the State has been One of your recent correspondents'advice gives everyone a sense of security, all

good butter: as any that I ever saw.or excellent, and then again it would be regarding the way to go about precautions against the frost are neglected -
tasted from northern dairies but in sounds and then the disaster falls.
; here alto- trimming our orange groves
we buy
very poor. '
, order to make a success of it, the do very nice to any one who has more About this enchanting coast town, in
not as
gether. Poultry we get,
matter of pasturage and feed must be there does.not seem to be sufficient to time than he knows what to do with. the extreme southern part of the State,

I t looked after. We can grow alfalfa supply the market. Eggs we buy But to the majority of us, the task set up to holiday week, the orange trees
and Bermuda in abundance. were loaded with fruit; our Christmas
grasses largely in the State. before us by this gentleman would be I
Neither do I see any reason whywe Any other information you may desire simply ''herculean. It staggers one to.. oranges came fresh from a grog in
should'not be able all full bearing, and no fruit was ever more
to produce in regard to this matter, I will think of all the different tools he
the poultry and eggs needed in our furnish. recommends us to tote around with us beautiful. Then came the sudden dropin
J own State. gladly in temperature, and every orange on
our trimming operations, a plane,
the trees was frozen to a solid cake of
Yours truly chisel and He
H. W. MERRILL saw, ax wax. forgot
J. E. INGRAHAM ice. All the leaves and tender limbsin
: Manager. sandpaper. .
!, Land Commissioner, I have been here nearly ten years the groves died, many fine trees
J' J. St. A. & I. R. R. Grafting: the Pecan. and have talked to men who have been were killed out right, and since New'
, St. Augustine, Fla. Year's there have been three more -
Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower. here twenty.five and are leading'growers "" periods
ST. AUGUSTINE, Fla.,April IS, 1895. Persons who have paid fancy pricesfor in their sections and they simply of distinctly freezing' weather, to
Mr.' J. E. Ingraham, General Agent, City. choice pecan nuts for planting, recommend a good sharp handsawand complete the destruction.
DEAR SIR-In: regard to the infor- hoping thereby to propagate trees that a small hatchet for knocking off The special purpose of my letter,
mation asked for by the FARMER AND will produce similar nuts are doomedto the smaller limbs and dead water- however, is to say that one grove here

FRUIT GROWER would say, that up to bitter disappointment.Seedlings shoots which might be in the way of escaped destruction and is now show-

the freeze of December 27th I was of the pecan are no ex- the saw working freely. No paint, ing signs of returning growth in every

using a very large assortment of fresh ,ception to the general rule that ,all putty or wax either, but let nature do tree but one. The owner is an intelli-
,vegetables at the Hotel Cordova. seedlings are unreliable. In fact, it is her own work afterwards.The gent Italian, and it may be worth whileto

These vegetables were raised in the generally conceded that, the further a limbs are sure to die back a give his method of treatment. He

vicinity'of St. Augustine, such as peas, fruit is carried by cultivation beyondthe little after being cut. Then what is.. says that his father cultivates orangesnear

beans, beets, carrots, turnips, radishes, normal type, the greater the ten- the use of wasting time waxing the Naples: and his practice is the

onions, leeks,. lettuce, new potatoes, dency in its seedlings toward atavism. ends when there will be a dead bark one generally employed there as a
spinach, etc. These things were just This tendency is illustrated in the, for borers to enter by, between that safeguard against periods of excessive
beginning to come in again when the seedless character of many Japanese and the line of green wood further cold. In autumn he scrapes away
second freeze came, so we'had to depend fruits which have been pushed beyond back eventually ? But we are not the rich top soil from the roots of his

on the North for our supplies. their normal type by centuries of cul- frightened by the bug bear of borers trees and allows them to dry, and
Since April 1st, however, we have tivation. anyhow.The since he irrigates his grove he 'at this'

been able to get our old assortment This may be theory but my obser- theory is that the wood will die time withholds all water. The trees ,
again and can add strawberries. 'Cucumbers vation confirms my belief in its truth. back to the next live eye bud whereverit then are at rest, except for the ripening

i we have had fresh the entire There is a pecan tree in this county happens to be cut. I hope the I! fruit, 'which seems to be as good as

I ')1' winter, All these from St. Augustine that bears large oval nuts finely fla- writer will excuse my criticism; ; he is that in irrigated groves. If freezing

I, ) and vicinity. We all know that the vored with thin shells. These nuts too well known as an orange growerto temperature comes, these exposedroots
year has been an exceptional one for have been largely planted around mind this. freeze with the tree, and yet he

cold or we would be furnished with Monticello and a good many of the A. T. SWINHOE. claims that their dormant conditionand

all the fresh vegetables we require the trees have arrived at a bearing age, Lake Howell Fla. lack of sappiness protects them
entire season. Our, preserves, suchas some of them are barren, but a majority ..a from harm. As to the correctness of

guava, marmalades, figs, etc., we of them produce nuts identical in The advice, of permitting the deadwood his theory I am not able to pass judg-
always buy here. For oranges, even shape with those of the parent tree, to remain in the orange trees as ment. I only know that his trees
this year, we used Floridas until well but so small that they are almost often given does not apply to the stand with bared roots all winter until
into March and it's only within a few worthless. One tree only out of the present case. That would answer there are signs'of'spring and returning ,

I\ weeks that we have been obliged to lot bears a nut that approximates in when only the ends of branches were vitality and flowing sap, when he applies -

take grape fruit off our bills of fare. size and flavor those of the parent. killed, but now trees must be cut well his fertilizers and throws back

I As to chickens, fowl, turkey, etc., I believe that where very large nuts back to or in the trunks and can never the; soil and begins to irrigate. I

I. there is no one in the South who can are planted, at least nineteen out of make good trees if the cutting is neglected should add that he does not give his
furnish the quantity we require or who every twenty will show this reversionof and it must be done before the fertilizers all at once but in mod-

/ can compete with Northern prices. type, by producing fruit inferior in new shoots lengthen.-Halifax Jour- erate amounts every few weeks as the
Eggs are furnished from our own size and flavor to those planted.If nal. tree needs it. As he waters the 'trees
State assisted by Georgia and Alabama. this is the case, then clearly the > < and fertilizes them as they need feed

Butter from the northwestern part of only way to obtain the desired qualities S. F. Gibbs has purchased eightyacres ing, so he keeps down all grass and

the State is very good, but the expenses of size and flavor is by grafting.As of land west of Melbourne, weeds during the spring and early

and freight charges on same an experiment I grafted 1,000 which he is converting into a stock summer, so that they cannot rob the ',\

are,heavy, the quantity is questionable this spring, using grafts from a very farm. He has already fenced,in forty' grove and prevent the trees from se-

", ,and quality uneven, so,that the large choice tree, and although it is too early acres of it.-Tropical Sun. curing the full benefit of the food.

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you know who you are dealing with. "CHEAP" Fertilizers are dear at any price. Our motto in, "GOOD FERTILIZER CHEAP," (not
Cheap Fertilizers at Low Prices,) and we point with pride to the reputation attained by the LITTLE BROS.; Brands wherever used.
For present conditions we recommend the use of the following brand described in our Circular Letter of December 31, 1894, and, which has already
been used '
extensively: I H i

Special attention is also called the brand
C' to following : .
-- TRUCI : E'ER.TIL-IZER.: : .
Ammonia..6 to 7 per cent.
Available Phosphoric Acid..4 to 6 c. Ammonia..z f : t to 4 per cent.
............ '
Potash, (Actual) .3 too AvallablePhosphoflcAcid..6to8u
( ) ;...........4to6 "
PRICE, $32.00 Per Ton f. o. b" Jacksonville. PRICE, $22.00 Per Ton, f.: o. b., Jacksonville. .

Lowest prices on Cotton Seed Meal\ Nitrate Soda, Sulphates and Muriates of Potash. Write us for prices on any thing you may need.


The one tree lost stood in the rear of I;last in their dying struggle in the is most likely to be effective. Examine with a,more valuable growth than the
his' house where the waste water from same manner.It each tree as frequently as pos- lamented pine trees, which the axe-,
the kitchen reached the roots. This seems to me that people at least, sible, and whenever a hole is discov- men are just clearing away in time for '
tree was in growing condition in the might ,wait and see if their trees are ered in any living part, plug it up by the change.
autumn and the frost killed it. My ever going to grow again before spend- driving a brad or small wire nail. If Before the introduction of the Chi--
attention 'was called to the fact that ing money on them. And if they do the gallery is longer than the brad, nese type of pears the value of these
after the first frost every orange tree grow again, they certainly will grow push in a bit of wire as far as it can be lands was estimated only by the'
in his grove cast its leaves, which as fast as they ought this season with- I forced to go, clip it off with a cutter growth of timber thereon, while nowa
their proprietor noted as a sign of life, out fertilizer, harrowing or plowing.The I and leave it there. reaction has taken place. The
for trees struck by lightning or other- large roots will produce a growth "The galleries usually have a bendin nearer lands are cleared of timber the
wise deadened hold their dead foliage i even too rapid and tender, without some part of their course which a more valuable they become, and prices -
apparently without the power to cast .I any assistance by man. I had thirteen wire, if too stiff or too large will not are rapidly accelerating on the .., '--
it off. acres of grove and the trees are all follow. It is therefore important to line of the L. & N. railroad. .,,
dead, never to sprout again; and .use soft annealed iron wire, of a size Public attention can no longer be
Orange Growers Unwisely Spend- there must be others as bad. But rather smaller than the hole. The kept from the wonderful success of 1
ing Their Cash. whether it is so or not, when calami-- aim should to be to fill as much as these pears-even though Mr. Har- ''f\1\
: Editor[ Farmer and Fruit-Grower. ties and misfortunes destroy our prop- possible of the burrow, as well as vey's California challenge had never
It is not for one person to say that erty and take away our income, thereis close its entrance. The ,insect will published. iq'ij'been
all other 'people are acting unwisely ; need for the most of us to husband thus be prevented from clearing its Photographs! are being taken of the '\
nor is it becoming to assume to be our resources, and only spend for gallery of chips and will.be unable to elegant groves, while in bloom, for .f
: wiser than your neighbors. However, necessaries and for that which :will finish its work or lay its eggs. In the Atlanta exposition, which will! be. 'ii". "
'it is.,proper to express our views, for' give returns. many cases also the wire will reach repeated when the trees are laden 'I,
.,' \ by so'doing thought leads to thought, FRANCIS.M. BUCK, and crush the beetle itself. with fruit. The monstrous Kieffers '
; and ultimately'benefit is derived from Fruitland Park,Fla.ShotBorers .. .- "In the present critical condition of will be in perfect season at the openof "
discussion. -- 'our trees, I do not believe that any the exposition.West ...i
It seems to me that orange growers in Orange Trees. application of powerful or penetrating Florida will have a grand opportunity -
have acted without consideration ever Professor H. G. Hubbard of the insecticides is advisable. Nor do I for displaying her products '
since the first freeze. The freeze of United States Department of Agncul- think it safe to coat the bark from and ''resources. Not only will free
December killed all young trees to the I ture, Division of Entomology, writesto which.sprouts are now starting, with railroad transportation be. given to'exhibits -
ground, and killed.at least one year's his home,paper, The Crescent City any substance calculated to repel the but premiums will be awardedon
growth on older trees. Where this News : borers. many important articles, which.will
r was not true, it was the exception. Immediately "All over the state trouble is now "There are several species of beetlesnow be displayed in the old freight depotin
o they sent for fertilizers, and experienced from 'Powder-Post beet. attacking the living trunks of the this city and examined by impartial
especially nitrogeneous manures, to les' or 'Shot-borers' in the orange orange trees, all of which'belong to judges previous to forwarding from the
put on their groves. It was not need- trees. These are little reo\-brown, or the family of the cylindrical bark State to Atlanta.
ed, because the trees would have nearly black cylindrical beetles a quarter borers (Scolytidoe). The largest and Just think of$25 for the best twenty-
:. made all the growth they ought with- I of an inch or less in length, and most destructive is a species of Platy- five stalks of corn, $5 for the best
out it, having lost all or part of their in girth about ,equal to a common pin. pus. The presence of this beetle in a dozen stalks of sugar cane, $10 for the
t tops. People did not even wait to They bore into the heart wood oftento l living tree usually indicates a mortal best bale of hay and so on through a
1_, view the extent of the damage. They a depth of several inches. The sickness and may be likened to the fine list of articles.
f had caught the fad years 'before, and holes which they make in enteringthe "death rattle" in a human being, when This display at the old, warehouse
the loss of their fruit and young trees bark are easily discovered from the the heart ceases to beat. Our orange may prove to be a minature exposition
and the damage to their older ones sawdust which the insects push out of i trees are not of course in this extremity which will astonish the world and open
only served to increase the fever of their galleries. Frequently this pro- but the situation is a grave one, the eyes of the blind. Let every far- x.i x.
their hobby. Certainly, it would be i jects from the entrance of the burrow and calls for prompt action." i mer who grows an acre of corn select
( as sensible to try to save the limbs of like a rod of white pith which, being, -S.Escambia's..- I twenty.five stalks which have the finest
l'.' a frozen man by rum, as to try to save' brittle, breaks off from time to time Pear Crop.A [ ears and the greatest number. Place
trees by fertilization. Both would and falls away in dust. Where these correspondent of the Pensa- them carefully on sacking, one ,by one,
work harm. beetles enter, wood that is entirely deadno cola News writes: When I expressedthe and wrap as neatly as possible, hand-
But another freeze came, this time attention need be paid to them ; opinion soon after the great freeze ling with care., Don't think that some-
killing nearly all treesof"ten; year old they will simply aid in trimming the that the pear crop of Escambia county body else will have a special new va-
buds and younger, and some old seed- trees hereafter. Unfortunately the would be worth more the coming sea- riety of corn bearing six to eight ears
ling trees, to the ground. Yet peopleare enfeebled condition of the trees'invites son than the orange crop of the whole to the stalk and from twelve to eigh--
still fertilizing, and fertilizing dead and.permits the attacks of the borersin northern tier of counties, from Pensa- teen inches in length.It .
groves; and are paying out cash to portions that are yet alive and cola to Jacksonville, it seemed to as- would not surprise me if the railroad
.: have them harrowed. I rode by a many, unless help be given them, will tonish the faithful adherents to the would have to run a special train
grove a' few days ago=-a dead grove be killed to the ground or at least be. citrus family-but time is making the from the east, and as for accommodating -
now, but it was full of empty barrels low the bud. I would therefore earn- "extravagant" assertion more appar- the passengers who will take ad-
I, : '. that were once filled with material estly recommend to the growers that vantage of the low rates to attend this
'; that cost money, and it had been they watch their trees carefully, until ent.The pear groves are a perfect mass primary fair-it may overtax the rail- j!
t ,' ':1., spread and harrowed in. People vigorous growth is restored. As soon of snowy whiteness, while our orange roads, to bring them all here in time. I I,
V still have the (fever. They have a few as the trees can produce a flow of groves are being cut down and burnedto The cream of every thing high in
r ... ..<. dbllars left, and it has been so long gum, none of these borers will be'able ashes which may be ,useful in fertil-- merit will be refitted up for West Flor-
If. :i. since they spent} any money for anything to enter the living wood. izing the soil for the pear groves ida's exhibit at the Atlanta exposition.If .
I r-r: r but fertilizer, that they use their "The following method of treatment which will soon envelop West Florida pear cider would run uphill we

. .

1 1

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CHAPl\dAN & SUDLO '; .'

JA.CI SONVILLE: r1A.. :-r:


._...,.:,.h.... .... ... I, -',' ANALYSIS a ..
r"" t. ...." .- ', ,' ,:. AMMONIA..... ................1..0... to 0 Per Cent i,
AVAILABLE rilOSPIIOKIC ACID ........... ...............0 to 8 :
'-- POTASH, K2O, Actual... ... .... ....:.........................7 to 8 'j



might extend a pipe from Escambia There are from eight to ten thou. Fighting It Out All Summer. this pea is more desirable as a ",cornfield -

county with a free tap at the exposition sand trees on Lake Worth.E. The farmer should make no mistakein pea" than any other variety, be-

for everybody to sample the pure R. BRADLEY, in Tropical Sun. the crops he plants to recoup his cause it does not load the stalks down

juice of the LeConte "culls." Lantana:: Fla.Farmer. losses. He cannot afford to waste any with vines. The Wonderful pea, sold
\ It is proposed to freeze red snappers --- ------- time in experimenting with teosinte, by Hastings, may equal it, but with

in cakes of ice for a Florida attrac $ TruckerEditorial Kaffir corn, soja beans, Mexican June this.we have had only a slight ex'perience -

I tion-but they might ,take better fried -""""- -............ corn, "Jelly Sugar Cane" and the one year.
, and served on plates,"or: "chowdered" Notes. like. There are a few old standbys YIELD.

I r and passed around in bowls with THE "EARTH MULCH."-Few farm which are sure.and steadfast. \ As to yield it is unprecedented. A

silver spoons. ers fully realize the importance of COW PEAS. Texas writer says : "I planted onlyone

>'j'. keeping the land as level as possible There is no danger in overstockingthe pint last year ((for which I paid

I I : Cocoanuts in Florida. during a drouth and an inch or two market for dry cowpeas, and it is one dollar), and that pint of seed

That. it is a purely ornamental tree, of the surface stirred frequently. a poor piece of land and a poor farmer made six bushels of clean peas or 384 I

". with no commercial value, is the almost When the earth is thrown up into that cannot grow $20 worth per acre. pints. I am confident that I would ,"f

.;;, universal verdict, of the superficial ob ridges, the heated atmosphere pene- To the average Southerner there are have made at least a bushel more had '
: server. trates it more readily than it would a few more toothsome dishes than a plateof they been planted a month earlier. I
:,'0' flat surface'and carries off its moisture.But did not the seed until about the
, Lake Worth owes much of its beauty black-eyed peas boiled with a pieceof get
.' : to the purely tropical foliage of this a light and loose layer of earth, if smoked bacon. 20th of June, and a drouth set in soon

f .:F'. denizen of .warmer climes than ours, level, is an advantage by reason of They are especially well adaptedto after they were planted, which checkedthe

';: and it also,owes it considerable from a what is called a broken capilarity. light, sandy and' clay soils, but will growth some."

,;' practical standpoint. We have nine- Where a soil is packed and dense, the make a fair yield upon land that is too OTHER VARIETIES.

tenths of the cocoanuts grown in the particles of earth lie close together, poor to produce any other crop profit-
? What is known in Mississippi as the
and the moisture from below
United States, and I have yet to see 'readily ably.
Eureka is similar
to the Unknownin
: killed the hard winter of passes along from one to the other Cow valuable pea
.;, one by peas are not only as '
rank growth of vine and its
until it reaches the surface and is pro-
'. stock feed but also as a renovator of
:' 94-95. ,
lificacy, but of a different color, being
:\ Bearing from 200 to 500 nuts yearly evaporated and lost into the atmos- depleted soils. They belong to the
specked with brown spots, while the
we must find some way of utilizing phere. But when by frequent shallow class of plants that collect nitrogen, is
,Unknown nearly white until it
many thousands of these nuts. Speak stirring, the particles are made to lie and leave the soil in a more fertile it gets
damp, when turns brown.
ing from my own, experience, I have as far apart as possible, the capilarityis state than before they were grown up- All the varieties above named, and
and the of moisture
never been able to supply the demandfor broken passage on it.
could be enumerated with
the sprouted nuts at from $io to from the subsoil upward is impeded. VARIETIES. many more
hundred. When Mr. H. B. Kick such a soil with the toe of the them did space permit, are strictly
$15 per There are many varieties of cow stock peas. True, they are often eaten
boot and the line of constant'moisture
Plant wanted this last summer
1,000 peas, some of the most popular of by Southern people (especially the
found inch down
will be an or two ,
Lake for
his had ,to the
agent which are: The Whippoorwill, a Whippoorwill), but they are all dark
while in a hard soil not stirred no
them and then I believe did not
get speckled pea with a bunch vine. It when cooked. Whippoorwills
moisture will be found several
all he wanted. rainfall even matures early, and on account of its are quite palatable when boiled with
,Eighty per cent of the nuts will inches. Now, every is bacon but the table varietiesare
bunchy growth popular as a hay popular
the, slightest will make a thin crust of
This is decent ,
sprout grow. a very It is also quite prolific. all white. .
packed soil, and as soon as this dries crop.
itself. A finer
little income
by There are several 'varieties of both There are several of them, the most
out it will begin to the moisture -
chicken food cannot be found. Take convey
black and red cow peas, all of"which( generally raised being the large white
from below faster than a broken
the green ones that are often forced up are hard and resist atmospheric influ- pea with black eye. It is a good

from the bunch and fall, and the dry surface would. ences in a remarkable degree, lying on bearer, and on account of its size a
GREEN MANURING. neighborwho
ones that won't shake-that is, haveno the ground all winter without rotting. man can gather a good deal larger
is observing gardener
mIlk inside-chop them open as a very than he of the smaller
The Clay pea, too, has this character- quantity can
the result of his observationsand
they lay on the ground, with one blo.w gives kinds. The little white is
this On istic, and also makes a good growthof I Lady pea a
subject. a
of an ax, and see the chickens clean experience on vine. It is highly prized as a fall universal favorite wherever it is knownas
which he
them,out-cleaner than.a ten year-old small piece of flatwoods pasture and as a green manure crop. a table pea; but there is one still
would-and how it makes wished tou prepare for strawberry
darkey smaller, known in North Carolina as
he plowed down a THE UNKNOWN PEA.
them lay 1 plants one summer the Rice pea. It is an elegant table
Then, how about cocoanut biscuits, rank crop of cow peas when they were Some years ago there was discoveredby dish, not surpassed by anything in the
full of succulence and for two accident in remarkable
Georgia a
and ? The immense years *
pie pudding list of and beans.
leaves, plenty of them over twenty afterward the soil was so "sad," heavy variety which, for the lack of a better peas
and lifeless that he could nothingto called the Unknown UPLAND RICE.
feet long, and which are continually get name, was pea.
dropping from the trees, furnish the grow well on it. So much ferment- A more appropriate name would be This is one of the crops that may

finest kind of f summer fuel when .:ut ing vegetation in the soil soured and "the Unparalleled pea," for it surelyhas be planted in the orange grove without

up green and allowed to dry, makinga I injured its texture very much. On the no equal for its producing capacity, any particular injury from the root-

quick hot fire and leaving a valuableash. other hand, he had a crop of cow peas both as to pods and vines.A knot insect. The farmer on sandy

The split-open husks and shells in a young pear orchard which, brief description may not be uninteresting uplands is liable to be seriously disap-

.. make a better fire than hickory or oak through the press of other work, he In color the Unknown pea pointed in this crop if ''a hot, dry spellof

wood. The bud.of the tree is one of neglected to plow under until they is a very pale yellow-nearly white, two or three weeks comes on; but
the most delicious vegetables that can became so heavy,that they "lodged"and and about the size of the Crowder. The if there is no considerable break in

be eaten far sweeter and richer than he then abandoned the intentionand vine is much more rank than other pea the rainy season it will yield well. Butit

the bud of, the cabbage palm. left them to rot on the ground. vines, being as large as a man's thumbat is better to take no risk in this direc-

The cocoanut 'cloth makes a splen- Next spring on plowing this orchard the root and sending out a great tion, for it is almost impossible to dam-

did mattress and is also used"by decorative he found the land in an admirable many more runners than other vines., age rice with too much water until

' artists.So condition, as mellow and as light as These runners, or branches, are trail- after it has been harvested. Late sow-

Mr. Settler invest in a hundredor an ash heap. ers rather than climbers, as they follow ings are coming more and more into
...... in South Carolina the
two cocoanuts and set out on your -- the ground much like a sweet potato favor, even ,
first thing. If you fertilize FOR ALLAYING HOARSENESS AND IRRITATION vine, and are fairly bristling with pods leading rice growing State. The sys-
purchase OF TIlE THROAT, use "Brown'RBl'oncltial their ends. tem of cultivating rice has been
will from the root to tip
salt "
with kainit or refuse they. Troches. 25c a box. Avoid
bear in five years. imitations. On account of this tendency to trail brought to such perfection that it ist"



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_= --------
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., -,

246 THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FKUIT-aKOWEB. -- "." ,A r h.', ...w....


J\f\ "THE! IDEAL .-. .,;> .

H '. ,' .
.*"- .. ,, .'.,!. ,- ,
i.,;, BBBBBBBIHBHBBB M !'; ',>"': ;,: I i

> .. 1VIanufaettured: by Wilson & Toomef, Jacksonville, Fla. :


Ammonia, 4 1-2 to 5 1-2 per cent. -
Available Phosphoric Acid, 4 1-2 to 6 per cent. ? I
Potash Sulphate, 11 to 13 per cent.
t' Made Exclusively from Nitrate of Soda, Cotton Seed Meal, Blood and Bone, Acid Phosphate and Sulphate of Potash.

: Price, $2' .OO per ODon, 1'. O. OB.

: We also have a large supply of J. H. Baker & Bro.'s Celebrated Complete Manures in,stock. Also, Nitrate of Soda, Blood and Bone
Acid Phosphate, Dissolved Bone, Selected Kentucky Tobacco Stems, Ground Tobacco Stems, Etc.

Correspondence Solicited. ,
Bright Cotton Seed Meal. 82O.OO per ton. .
t Dark' Cotton Seed Meal, 16.5O"per ton... THE. F'ERTILIZER: EIOUSE OF' F'LO RIDA._ ___ _

+ rarely injured by frost, escapes the grasses will do well here except on the may be expected on good land. The Nunan's Prolific, or, as some write,
ravages of fall birds, and it is not an light sandy lands. Now the questionis land is in a sense resting, being .renovated Noonan, and you, Mr. Editor, call it '
unusual occurrence that the grain is why should we keep our lands in by a change, and the roots and the Florida Nunan, was originated near
more pearly and weighs heavier than the clean cultured crops year after stubble will prevent washing. This is Charleston, S. C., and I have had it
April rice. The advantages are: i. year, when we are so badly in needof true of one of our native grasses and ever since it was introduced, and have
It escapes the fall birds. 2. It is cut pasture, and meadows? Then these the same can be said of orchard grass, sold thousands of plants. A plant
in the fall in cool weather and after lands need to be rested and renovatedand tall meadow oat grass, rye grass, etc., dealer first used the name of Improvedfor
equinoctial storms. 3. It enables the this is best done by a system of plowed in the fall. : my plants,but I have never used it
planter to dispose of his April rice, rotation. Now my doctrine is while These, however, would not grow so and so he had quite a trade in Georgiaand
avoiding a glut in the market. Whileit your land is resting, let it be growingsome well without fertilizers. Preceded bya Florida. The Improved Nunan .
costs about the same to cultivate as other crop of a different nature. crop of peas to furnish nitrogen and was thought to be a new variety, but
t'' in April, it is by no means so expen- The old English style of fallowing be sure of plenty of humus in the it is only a properly grown plan'tgrown
( sive a crop, as there are no birdminders made a large crop the second year, soil, 'good crop may be expected from plants that show signs of'
to pay, no guns to ,buy and no bnt the rent of land and the labor of I with the addition of phosphorus and bearing fruit only. carefully go over
4 powder and caps needed.THE ploughing it the off year amounted to potash. By this method the light soil my patch and cull out every non bear-
FLORIDA BUTTER BEAN something, to say nothing of the leaching can be made to yield good crops, as ing plant. Let every grower do this,
This is a variety that has been knownto of elements from the soil while the the potash absorbs and holds moisture.A and keep his plants.in good condition, v
native Floridians for years, but it is land is bare. certain amount of hay for the and there will be no danger of his va-
only about six years ago that it was The question simply resolves itself farmer's own teams is needed and it 'rieties degenerating. It is the nature
brought to public notice by "Farmer into this: if the land is in clean tilth and will generally pay him to cure it; but of the strawberry to bear fruit, and
John" (John H. Moore) in an article cultivated crops for several years, the crabgrass hay, harvested in the rainy then runners or sets by stooling; but
published in our columns. It is so mechanical condition of the soil is in- season, will seldom sell' except in the in our extra care of them the bearingand
well acclimated to Florida that it does jured by its exposure to the sun for so local markets. fruiting season is prolonged too
not drop its bloom without setting, as large a part of the time. Then againthe B. IRBY. long'to' make good plants. This can
nearly all other pole and Lima beansdo. loss from leaching is so great and N. C. A. and M. College> m t be prevented by giving them a good
Hastings classes this and the Lazy that from washing on hilly land is Strawberries In South Alabama. working, deep; then they will stop
Wife as the only absolutely sure bearers simply enormous. The cotton crop Editor; Farmer and Fruit Grower: and go to making plants. I like'to get
in this, State. Mr. Moore estimatedthe for example, is in itself not so very Our strawberry crop came very near mine out in August, or as soon after as
yield of his small plot to be at the : exhausting, but being clean cultured, being a failure. I had got mine clean possible.The .
rate of 75 bushels per acre. It is saidto the organic matter is burned out > by ed out nicely in October and well ma- Nunan is still the leading ship-
resist the weevil. It bears all sum- the sun, and the fertilizing elements nured by using a mixture of four parts ping variety, and whenever it does well .
mer until frost comes. rendered soluble are leached l out, and kainite-and two parts each of phosphateand the most profitable berry growing.
s t the soil in many cases is washed away I cotton-seed meal, and this mixture Cherokee,the first to recover: from the
z The Grass Crop. bodily. The land will lose more from applied at the rate of 1,506 per acre.I cold, is a fine, firm berry, and: aver-
Editor Farmer and FruitGrower.If the latter than from what the cotton had barred off on each side of the ages larger. Lottie is a splendid ber-
there is one thing that is repug- crop takes up in ten years. rows as close as possible to the plants, ry, large in size, irregular shape, but
nant to the average Southern farmer, Now with grass crops just the oppo- and applied the mixture on each side., not rough. Jefferson is a large round
it is grass. He has been fighting grass site is true. The land is. shaded and My plants started out; by December berry. Columbian is a berry grownin
all of his life and he has considered it the roots and stubble keep it from 25 they were loaded down with berries and around Humboldt, Tenn., and
his worst enemy, rather than one of leaching and washing'away.. almost ready to pick. The cold almost scenes a good kind. Bessie is becom-
his best friends. Now I will lay my- The farmer who grows simply cot- ruined them, and many of the plants ing the favorite with the growers .
self liable to criticism by saying that ton and corn would save money if he were killed. Plants that had not been around Mobile and the Gulf coast.
grass in' his cotton or corn-field is his would even adopt the simple methodpf attended to were not hurt, showingthat Alabama, with me, is still the ,most
best friend, but I will venture the plowing one.third of his land broad- plants in a high state of growthare profitable. Smalley, No's. 6 and 13,
assertion that the crop of crab grass cast each year in March and then in in danger of being killed by the are very productive kinds. Van De-
often seen in some of our fields in April or May freshen up with the sudden cold snaps. man, when it is better,known, will be-
September worth more than the cot- spring tooth harrow and run over with Now is the time to get ready for the come a leading shipping berry. Mi-
ton or corn crop which it has smothered the plank drag. This leaves the land new patch, and there is nothing like a chel cannot be improved upon for
out. I have seen fields thus poorly pulverized and a little packed, a con- good ready. The land should be well home use. Edgar Queen ought to be
cultivated, yield from five to ten bush- dition which will insure the immediate broken up, and, if possible, an appli- tried by everyone. I expected to get
els of corn, and if the crab grass germination of the crab grass seeds cation of manure broadcast, will be a some Lady Thompsons, but when I It
growing in the middle had been cut which are usually in the soil in great great help to runners ; but the main saw that one of the catalogues said
i for hay, it would have been worth abundance. This insures a grass crop application should be made in the drill that there were seven different kinds,
just twice as much as the corn. Crabgrass and one or two good cuttings may be and no amount of after manuring will that was too much. One kind is
is only one of the many grasses expected. This labor will certainlybe make up for the neglect of having enough, and I glad'to hear it is doing \
t that can grow cheaply here in the covered by three dollars an acre, placed the manure i.n the ground be- well. JULIUS SCHNADELBACH.Grand .
South. Most any of the cultivated and from two to three tons per acre,, fore planting. Bay, Ala.
t .


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"''' "
> )
died. As that venture turned out '
Poultry.Edited badly, did not buy any more until two ,

'-'"" -by S.-S.-DeLANOY- ....-,...Apopka.- -,-Fla.....- ..... years Brahmas, when and she P. decided Rocks, contrary to raise, L.to A PO P KA, FLORIDA.

POULTRY KEEPING IN FLORIDA everybody, who said the L. Brahmas

would not do well in this warm clU INDIAN GAMES.Sharps .

Short Practical Notes. mate. She likes them so well that she and Imported. The best blood obtainable in the world. Can furnish Eggs from separate .

: [This communication from A. B. H. has hatched about one hundred so far yards in one order.BLACK.

l was the first to reach us, 'April 8th, and this season. She finds that they do LANGSHANS.
accordingly takes 1st premium of thir- not hatch well in the incubator, owingto
teen eggs.-S. S. D.] An exceedingly fine pen of exhibition birds. Have added fresh blood in the shape of thebest| I
the thick shell and not needing so could buy from the breeders of the winners at Macon, Columbia, Kansas City and Madison Square
Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: much moisture, so puts them under Garden, New York.BLACK .

The FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT hens and the P. Rocks in the incuba-
GROWER reaches us Saturday night
tor.The yard only; headed by a shapely and beautifully plumaged male, the best we could buy
and I read the fleas bad in the
generally always poul- were very coops from one of New York's Famous Breeders. Eggs limited.
try notes with interest and profit. and yards and as every time we went

Some years ago when living in Ocala, near them we got covered, we became EGGS, PER SETTING, $2.00. TWO SETTINGS, $3.50.

; I had Plymouth Rock fowls that were desperate and decided something must Owing to the present condition of things in Florida we prepay the .express at above prices.
Eggs from the three breeds in one older if you desire A copy of the best Poultry paper publishedwith
I fine and healthy and proved a good be done. As about sixty chickens each order as long as they last. Have your order booked ahead and avoid delays. Why sendto
"all around" fowl, having eggs and comprised our flock then, we had : Jerusalem or Halifax for eggs when as good cau be obtained in Florida at less money.guarantee .

chickens the year round, though I kept built a large square coop, open slatted' s. s. DeLANOY, PROP.
eleven hens and male. Fed and sides real "old Florida"
only one top style. i We Eggs to arrive in good condition.
them scraps from table and vegetables This was built in the plum grove quitea

I and a little run in yard an hour before distance from the old coop. The
and carbolic acid on their heads. We feathers more or less so. Provide
well covered fowls their heads well
housing. Hoqse was were caught, '
!II not only to exclude rain but rogues j greased with sulphur and lard and greased them twice and never lost any. everything for the flock kept for

; and was kept clean and by liberal use then taken to the new coop. We went We sometimes lose a hen by disease, producing sittings; do everything for,

of-ashes on dirt floor in winter and over their heads again and that was the the White Plymouth Rock not prov- their comfort; don't forget them once

i planked during rainy season, had no last of the fleas. ing as hardy as some. They drop and then look for better results at
Let take interest in the dead from the roost. I occasionallyput hatching time. The owner of a thrifty -
t mites nor fleas. Breaking up housekeeping everybody an
and let a little carbolic acid in the drinkingwater. lot of early pullets that will lay eggs
disposed of that lot. poultry department us help one
I Two years since I got Houdan or another. Will write about the breeds The roost is cleaned once a of gold next fall and winter is the

Langshan (Black) that have proved I.like best at some future date, ionally-all nests taken out and new vides for fertile egg production.For .
editor does G. L. G.
very satisfactory, being healthy, vig- not object.
f orous and profitable. Am now eating Lady Lake, Fla. hay provided. early broilers, the little Leg-

t juicy fryers hatched Dec. 24th, [S. M.\ A.'s article was the second one Have we ever raised turkeys? Well, horns are well adapted, either as purebred

the two freezes with a.loss that came to hand; this lady deserves yes, we usually raise about twenty five. fowls or as a cross among others.
' V of only one from cold. When the ; great credit, having written it when con- I have the best success setting the tur- When pure, their maturity is rapid
fined to the bed by sickness,and it is with key hen; put about twenty eggs under and early. They may be hatched
fleas attack them a good greasing with
send her the 2nd
pleasure we premium of
her give her a good nest and later when they hardy and vigor.
roomy ,
lard, kerosene and carbolic acid mix- ten eggs. The Plymouth Rocks probably
died from due to too when the little turks are twentyfourhours ous. When seven or eight weeks old
ture soon rids them of the pest. One apoplexy, being
. ,
old feed with hard boiled the should be and
cause of good health' attribute'to a fat.-S. S. D.JWexhave ] eggs sexes separated,
read the that has and bread crumbs. Keep the old tur- cocks put by themselves, where they
plentiful supply of fresh water in clean cry gone
vessels, and a good henhouse. Never forth from the good man. We knowof key shut up in a roomy coop for two may have the benefit of a large. yard,

had epidemics of kind and hatch the trouble he experiences in edit- weeks, then let her out a short !time where they will thrive.
any each day after the dew is off in the a 4
under hens. ing a good hen department with no one
A. B. .H. to help and all to criticise, so I will tell morning, but get her in at the first ap ,Poultry Manure.
Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower. -
chicken and else proach of rain, as rain is fatal to them
Lake Weir, Fla., April 8, 95. our story some one
I the from the fowlsin
save droppings
t [G. L. G's article brings down the third can judge whether it is a success or until they are about grown. Very few
a dry place until I want to use them.
hens will brood their little
plum of seven eggs. We have several failure. turkey ones :
more communications that arrived'later hard shower and lie Then I take them out in the wind,
Years our good man said hens during a they
in the week. Some of them are very in- ago didn't down and down. I always feed mine not in the sun, to dry, and when dryI
must for they eat everythingthat
and will be go
teresting published soon. thrash them like clover so long that
its head above the when they come home, so they will
Now that the pen has started, we hope put ground.But like
they are just powder. Then I
the ''readers will keep the ink flowing. a compromise w'as finally effected, have a motive for coming up, and seldom -
have the best fertilizer I have
Don't be afraid of overdoing it, as we i a fence was built and they were kept have one stay out in the woodsall ever
have received far from the one hundred in tried (for vegetables.From .
shut in part of the time or until the night. But raising turkeys you
articles we called for. In writing articlesfor must tire of well for twenty-five hens I can in a
never ,
and high enough so
corn were
publication use side of the paper only, peas year save 500 pounds of dry manure.
lect loss.
and oblige-S. S. DeLanoy.] they did them no damage. A careful means
Another method I have tried is to
with them and it .We keep four or five guinea fowls
Editor Farmer and l'ruit-Grower : account was kept ,
take the from and
water washing a
landed in Florida found the paid for the feed : but do not have much success in rais.
b Seven years ago we was eggs little salt and some hen manure and
ft d and commenced to find a place to and we had the chickens for our trouble.As ing them. They are good layers but let it lie and soak for some time.

,I t settle in. In the meantime we decided we eat on an average one and some always hide their nests. They make This I for weak
use plants, especially
l to raise chickens, so bought weeks three we thought we were doing I very good eating when cooked, to When insects bad
cabbage. are ,
of all and well for twelve to fifteen hens. those who like the wild taste to their
twenty-five ages descriptions pretty with
keeping the plants watered this
meat. Some ask how we keepso .
flock about may
then At of thirty-five
breed our
: mongrels-and present
for eight or ten days will havea
,. waited for them to lay. The hens did consists of a few White PlymouthRock many kinds. We buy a settingof wonderful

not seem at all anxious 'to commence hens, a few Brown Leghorns, a eggs of pure breeds, but never effect.MARTIN SORENSEN.White .

and after waiting about a month or mixture of White Leghorn and White keep in separate pens ; just enoughto City, Fla.

so found that they were moulting. Plymouth Rocks, with a White Ply- give occasional new blood. I *OfScientific'analysis -

After awhile one hen, part Leghorn, mouth Rock rooster do not see any particular differencein tells us that thereis

laid the first egg. There was great We get from twenty to twentytwoor their laying qualities ; with good as much nutriment in a new laid.eggas

rejoicing in the family and we had to twenty-three eggs a day, that sell I care they all do well. / in a four-ounce mutton chop. It is

inform our next door neighbor aboutit. at twenty cents a dozen. We had a S. M. A. unwise, therefore, to neglect the fowls
fall brood of twelve that Orange City;April 1895. and feed them nothing but worthless
I think they must have thoughtwe ten or are ..
were great "greenies." Well, just beginning to lay. We feed most- Don't Hatch. screenings. The birds must more than
Why Eggs
mother made a pen picture of the hen ly wheat, with an occasional feed of live.

on the egg shell, and put it carefully bran, oats, ground feed, etc. Year after year the same experiencein
away and we still have it. Did we ever see fleas? Yes, we failing to hatch most of the early THE IMPROVED

Things jogged along slowly until have both seen and felt them, but eggs set! Why? Eggs not fertilized VICTOR

about five years ago, when mother got never had any serious trouble with cannot hatch. Unnatural conditions

the chicken fever again and decided them. We once had a brood of over prevail in winter and early spring. INCUBATOR ?

to have some pure blooded stock. twenty that got them on their heads, The birds get little or no meat, shells, Hatches Chickens by Bteam.

Sent for ,eggs of the B. Langshan and so with the aid of a small boy we gravel and some even lack exercise o" ,, (The Absolutely simplest olf.reffulatlue., most reliable.

W. Leghorn. Two of the Langshansand caught the chicks and put a drop of a enough. :Most of them shiver about logue t&o I in and the cheapeatdrst-claesIIateber market. ()Circular free

six W, Leghorns hatched and they I mixture composed of lard, kerosene daily for hours with feet wet and cento ? GEO. UTJ&j&CO.., QumcJ',1UI


. .

-- --. -- -,-- : '" : _.. .. -, -., ,
--- ,. '" ; -'" ))41 ;if.i "" '" '-" "
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.. '
., -- ', l "
-" -- :,: ; ;i ;; t" 'J":,,: ; I

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, I I.! / t 1 I

u_ _n
round. In the centers of the large .
State News. Our Rural Home.
rectangular beds grew vegetables of When Chills
every variety, coral peppers and pop
Oh the
corn. delightful place was
Our broom factory spreading out.
St. Thomas. Fla. old time where Feel i Halaria
garden, beauty and
They are in receipt new machinery, wwwwThe
utility joined hands, teaching in a humble May have chosen
will the
and soon run factory by Old Fashioned Garden.A .
that cultivate within as a victim.
way we may you
steam. They also propose to few bright days, with the cheery us the sturdy virtues as well as the delightful You may ache all
brooms from broom corn as well as over, feel tired and run down,
notes of the red bird and mockingbird accomplishments and charms
wire and to save the of may have Indigestion, Constipation -
grass, expense
' shipping the broom corn here, they and the delightful odor of freshly and make the world happier and bet- and Biliousness. Know that
turned earth awaken longings for a ter by the possession of both.S. Wintersmith'sTonic
have sent off and secured two bushelsof
home in the country, and carries us E. BUCHANAN.The S V *"\ ** *tr i has been
broom corn seed which they are back to the past, with its memories of WinterSmith's= used in Weakness -
giving out to planters, so as to raise I sunny fields and the delightful old above-"The Old Fashioned General
the broom here at home.-Kis- Debility, Inch
corn Garden"-is clipped from Texas Farm
time of the
simmee Leader. gardens long ago. Very gestion, B i 1-
different is the garden ol to-day from, and Ranch, the household deparmentof CVt\\ S iottsness, Constipation .
Splendid offers have been made for the old time garden where our childish which is edited by Mrs. Buchanan.The vnill / with

property in Lemon City during the leisure hours were spent. The mention of the old fashioned TonicTones It great success
past two weeks which shows how landis long walk running through the entire flowers will call up visions of the tall for 30 years.

being valued here. One offer was garden with its double row of cherry waving holyhocks, columbine and CuresYou

$5,000 {for a five acre bay front tract ; trees, redolent with the perfume of larkspurs, that were dear to our grand- up.' Every type,
another was $60,000 for a cleared thousands of snowy blossoms, and mothers. And the damask roses, rich y form and variety
i tract of twenty acres, and a third was musical with the hum of busy bees. and fragrant I was this morning, of Mala-
r $75,000 for 300 acres only partially There with a story book we have only, thinking of the damask and cin- ria Tones, acts the as System a splendid and Tonic makes,

improved. The fact that these offers passed many golden hours, wove bright namon roses that I loved when a, you cheerful and

were refused by the owners shows that dreams, or became a fairy, reading child. well Sold by all
people around and in Lemon City {airy lore, looking for 'the tiny creat- But the tansy bed-oh, Mrs. B., ,The Druggists.
believe in the future of the countrv.'Vest .- ures, and almost believing''' we had think you that had anything to do Medicine .

',' Palm Beach Sun. found them. In this garden were with the "more healthful diet," and of Known AftTHUR PETER"CD.,
; flowers and herbs, and fruit trees; how do you and I know but we, too, .. S Wholesale flgts
has about
Mr. Geo. I. Russell 500 Merit. S .
} budding pineapples showing in his against the palings grew lilacs, syrin- may live to a good old age ?

I pinery just east of the street car sheds. gas; and altheas. At right angles "A green old age," the poets sing- :
t r Mr. Russell lost heavily by the freeze, with the row of cherry trees ran the Oh, may the.years bring thee but this;
! about grape arbor the most delightful placein And while sweet fancies round thee flingTheir the direction given me by "one who
having 80,000 pineapple plants
, world for tendrils, and fond memories cling, and it's
fruit the our play house and knows, always the samenonot
i in thrifty condition and ready to and love their tribute
Friendship bring-
On either side of the the same-but when it isn't soft '
tea parties. a
; when the cold snap overtook them. What will there be in age to miss ? .
:, For some weeks after the freeze it gate there grew and blossomed an immense sticky, gummy mass fit only for a two
damask rose bush, whose lovely I, too, remember the parsley, rue days old chicken, it is hard and tough
J looked as if all the plants were '
faces we never see these days and sage; but the tansy-I never yet enough for an ostrich, or flabby and
but there is evidence now that fully
took drink of bitter herb and '
among the more fashionable flowers a tea, greasy, not .fit for the dog, Bonnie
of them are putting out new
20,000 of that name. Along the borders of (from your own acknowledgment) I Bess, (though she will sometimes eat
leaves and preparing themselves to be
3" of service again in bearing the deli- the bed grew thyme, parsley, sage, you shirked it whenever possible. But I them rather than go hungry any length
t coriander there was a delicacy-a dessert, whichwe : of time .
cious fruit.-Orlando Reporter., rosemary, rue, cat-nip, ) _
sweet basil, tansy, horse-radish and never hear of at present-tansy Jack thinks cooking iseasy, and to
We are gratified to learn that the other spicy herbs. These furnished pancakes. I can testify to their excel- make a "flap jack" the easiest thing I \
Eclipse orange grove of Mr.\ E. H. appetizing condiments for the kitchen, lence myself, particularly when the of all.

Mote in the suburb of Leesburg, which and embraced the whole "materia maple syrup was plentiful.This Some are born cooks, some achieve

before'the freeze he valued at $75,000, medica" of many a family; and did dessert was of true Southern that distinction, some have cooking .
is coming out beautifully several feet we not have a more healthful diet origin, I believe. Of. this I am sure, thrust upon them-myself for 'in- ,
above the buds and will again blossom then, and did,not the old time people ,no one but the ebony head cook, with stance.

and bear' fruit in a comparatively short live to a good old age ? A bed of gay turban, and spectacles astride her I've had to almost give up the idea,
time. A gentleman who visited this sage'brings to mind the long strings of nose (any kind of glass' would do), that if worst comes to worst I might

grove this week informs us that, out of savory sausage, suspended from the could properly concoct these cakes, obtain a position of chef to the'White
the thousands of bearing trees, he no- rafters in the dim, cool recesses of the "fry" them, and have them on the table House-for-I'm almost certain G. C.

ticed only three that were dead. Thereare old smoke house, 'keeping company at exactly the right stage for the likes hot corn cakes at every meal.

a number of other groves in the with delicious hams and shoulders, all "quality.ED.. O. R. H. Well, I've tried-r-and have had to

vicinity of Leesburg that are in like raised, killed and cured at home. The announce myself conquered-and bya

good condition.-Leesburg Commer- parsley graced the big china dish in a An Appeal .For, Corn Cakes. paltry corn cake.

cial.On circle of delicate green, whereupon ,I No, it is not a case of starvation, Now, my sisters of Our Rural Home
Wednesday we were presentedby reposed the juicy turkey, browned toI and, "I am not mad, but soon shall you know how it is, you who have
Mr John :Miller with a bottle of a T, as no one else but mammy 'Ria be." Madness follows starvation, I I husbands, and you who have not, cer
his orange cider, made from the juiceof could brown it. think I've read-or does it come be-, tainly miss many experiences that are
frozen oranges. The cider sparkleslike Catnip brings to memory pictures of fore ? But if this thing keeps on much said to be good for the soul, mortifica-
champagne, is of light yellow tiny bundles of lace and flannel, with longer it will surely be following me. tion of the body and sundry acts of

color, clear as crystal and has a delightful pudgy noses and pink fingers and toes, The trouble, not too little, but too self denial. I fully expected after my
farewell. Mr.: Miller made whose advent was always a mysteryand much corn cake. work of experimenting to feel angel

the cider as an experiment, not know- a delight, and whose coming was Now I've been trying-not shilly- wings a sprouting, but alas I I'm
ing what would result {from using the followed by a cup of tea made from shallying! but really trying with might afraid it has all had a contrary effect.

juice of frozen fruit, but he met with the fragrant catnip leaves, which helda and main, hands and brain, fryingpanand No extra supply of f strawberry short
perfect success and now has twenty soothing balm for fretful l babies. We fire-to learn to make and bake cake, not even two pieces of pie, will
barrels of the finest cider we ever remember with what dignity and wisdom them, and each attempt turns out a appease the appetite of a man who is

tasted, made from, it is estimated, 250 Aunt Rose would brew the tea, little worse than the former dismal hungry for "good old-fashioned corn '

boxes of oranges., He holds_the cider sweeten and then carefully taste it to failure.:; Once I said "Eureka," but dodgers" (such as "his mother used to
at $r.5o per gallon. Mr.: Miller\ is see that it was just right. One of next morning the cakes were worse make," no doubt he adds mentally)

not in a hurry to sell; he prefers to these, tansy, suggests no fond memo- than ever. and who doesn't know how to appre-
hold the cider another year when, he ries, only the thought of how bitter Now ,it is not pleasant to record ciate real first-class light-bread.

says, it will be better than it now is. the dose always given as a ''tonic in failures, but I've never set myself up Please come to the rescue, and if

Having refused $720 for the lot, springtime. How we rebelled at tak- as a cook ; never published a single all speak at once,. no matter. In the

which he holds at $1,440, it is demonstrated ing it, and sought by every means, recipe of my own for corn cakes for interests of humanity (masculine), I "
Mr.: Miller will not lose anything foul or fair, to evade it, but mammywas the very best and wisest of reasons. make the appeal; for ourselves,where's

by the freezing of his oranges, inexorable, and drink we must. I've tried using meal scalded, and the woman, who would bake, herself, a
as the crop would have' brought Over in the corners were beds of meal raw; have made them with baking week over the fire-for-herself?

in the best market, as sound-fruit, not spicy pinks, flag lilies, purple and powder and without; with eggs A lady in New Orleans desires to

over-$r' per box net, .or $25o.Leesburg white, Jacob's ladder, and tall tiger and no eggs; with milk and with water, know if the vanilla bean grows in
Commercial. lilies, which held court all the year simply water and salt, according to Florida. Will some reader who knows



J '__.t, .

:-. .,...... ." '....' ',."" "." ..f:, -.... .,'........' _"'V ,..".,.""':: ....(:'- "''-0.. ."".".....'- ..,. ''t.} ." ':'>' ( "",' .. .' d'' '0",,.' '.'." .'0"" ;<.1' '''..< ., --ix' ',...., ""' ',. ,. ". .'., ..'.., ',. .. r < ..... --"
I C. r.:; .f.'r.; : :: 1 : :. :. < ; { ; ., :
.. I .

I i .'\
I '".
.. ,
------ -
give the information, through O. R. view of the river. It is quite a favor- MAR Costs LESS than "Cheap" Paint or S. P. White Lead
H. ? ite for picnics and is therefore
spot BBBHl Write for Book on Painting and Color Card, FRUC. If
... Have had enquiries for some very often, photographed. The carriage PAIHAM not on sale In your town we will quote price delivered,
li I N freight prepaid,and send written guarantee for five years. '..
vine for front and boats
and startedon
rapidly growing a veran- changed parties 1 F. HAMMAR PAINT CO. SPRUCE ST., ST. LOUIS. MO.
da, and recommended Mexican or the homeward stretch. The small

Madeira vine as being a good one, launch took the lead to the head of

among the best, though not an ever- the river while the Ormond hotel Orange Trees I ::

green. If there is a better one, every- launch and the Spartan kept together
thing considered, freedom: from thorns until the mouth of the river was "

and insects, included, let us know. reached, when owing to shoal water Lemon Trees !

Yes, there flourishes in Florida, a the Spartan fell behind, which elated
shrub known as yellow oleander," the naphtha launch party so much that

which is Theoctia Neriifoliaor "grigar one gentleman was seen to publicly
apple," closely related to the olean embrace his wife and hold out a tow The Old ReliableBuckeyeNurseries1I

ders-also a salmon colored one. line to the steamer party. The excitement _

They are handsome, both foliageand ran high and even the invalid
have on hand the finest lot of stock I have ever grown of all the standard va-
flower. lady asked the steamer captain to rieties. I have a specially. fine lot of Tardiff and Jaffa in two-year buds, from five
ED. O. R. H. get more steam. Then good water to seven feet high. I recognize the fact that it's hard times, and propose to sell at
..--- came and off the steamer shot past the hard time prices. I make a specialty of the King Orange.

The American Association of Min- naphtha. When the naphtha was ahead Write for prices..
Engineers Excursionat parties on the steamer put up ten to I M. E. GILLETT, Prop.,

Ormond. one but they were not taken up and Weiradale, Fla.
For Our Rural'Home'' : the steamer was tied up when the

On Thursday, April, there arrivedin launch came in and all full of good, house where they may be dispensed u cw :'v-
Ormond. by special train, one of nature and enjoyment after one of \with. j f. GRUBTU

the most interesting excursion partiesof their'most pleasant days in Florida.In ';' rwAC t er, :
There unsystematic who
are women
the season. It was composed of the evening bon-fires at the hotel
the A. A. M. E. and their wives and and echoes from the Spartan's cannot conceive that there may be a orksoni91NG

daughters, something over one' hundred whistle enlivened the calmness of the regular method of procedureevenin
the chaos of the annual renovation.This .
people taking in the sights of
river. Mill pull an nrdioarGrubinlyl4lNUiES <
the East Coast. all may be facilitated, first, by a preliminary -
They were pleas The Spartan party had the brag on
antly domiciled at the Hotel Ormond the others as they saw a whole familyof "sorting out"-of bureau
drawers and cupboards. It can be Makes a clean sweep of Two Acres nt a slttinn. A
where had been
made "
preparations by "crackers, man a boy aid a horse can operate NJ HeavyChains
done in a comparatively leisurely or rods to handle. Therroponu few aci es the
the genial managers, Price & Anderson The scenery was indeed enjoyed as flivt year will pny for the Mach'ne..Send pobtal card for
way-especially in houses where ',lluttrated Catalogue, giving juice, terms testimonal' -
for double excursion the rugs
a next the varied foliage of the trees was ,also lull Information concerning Iran Giant
the beautiful little river Tomo are used--and discarded clothing, drub and Stump Machine,Two llorso Iluwke.vc&ncl
day up new to many while the animal life was ether appliances for clearing timber land. Address
,ka, and a drive down the beach to to all. The overhanging trees and papers, and all the rubbish that accumulates illLMS MAMTACTCUIXU CO., 608 8tli St., Monnnath,111.
during the destroyedor SHIIIIv l IcShetland Pony Fiimu. For catalogue art-
Daytona. The arrangement was for the deep shadows in their natural year tress Milne Jinx, at above oHce( and number, lirccd.
half the party to drive to Daytona, colors was pointed out while the wild- otherwise disposed of.. era of Pure Shetland 1'oiilet -

by the beach, then across the river and ness was commented on from the contrast This will leave less of the worry of : ft?

around the shaded avenues of the ; with many cultivated scenes. i "ridding up" to be done, which is so 1

town and up the western shore, tak- The turns and windings were enlivened hard a part of the final setting to
ing'in the old causeway, and on to by the launches in the distance rights. Where carpets must be removed -
Tomoka cabin by noon. The A. M. closets still be in or- I'J7
adding life and beauty to the stillness. can put .
.v:;w.w 5f --"'( 1Qc. "" """ "" ; :>V
boating party started in the.'steam The next morning the whole party der and the doors closed and coveredto
launch Spartan, and two naphtha started "{rom the hotel by '''tally-ho exclude the dust. Where the arrangement A STANDARD OF EXCELLENCE

launches for the head of the Tomokaat coach, bus and street car across the of the house permits it judges Should at be fairs adopted,etc. At for presents"fence"just viewers as goOd"
9''a. m. The steamer was th.e first Bridge to the depot to where their "room at a time" should be the rule, as the Page" is the universal claim. As a
; to enter, the dark, waters of this Ock- railroad coaches were waiting for the and one should not be touched until points suggestion for farm we offer use: the following scale of

! lawaha's sister, so the party on board 9 a. m. train to start for St. Augustine the first begun is entirely in order. Strength Height - .--.20.20 -

. saw the most 'gators. The view from and parts further north. Life is one everlasting warfare againstdirt Closeness of mesh ..20

: the upper deck was much enjoyed as With many of the excursion partyit but the temporary triumph which Elasticity Attractive and Appearance Durability ,10.30

. ..: it had the advantage of elevation.. was their first trip to the East Coast follows the "spring cleaning" can be 100

- :. : Owing to the fine weather the 'ga- but as it was so enjoyable it will be accepted at least as a truce, wherein, should If the have last two 25, as are Durability separated, is Elasticity almost

,;;{ t_ :: tors were out and many full views remembered and by many renewed at the mother of the family may sit down wholly dependent on it.
:\ : ,". : were obtained and some snap shots the earliest season. J. NESBITT. for a quiet hour to enjoy the satisfaction PAGE WOVEN WIRE FENCE CO.,Adrian, Mich.

I. from the kodaks. The 'gators being 1 m t of her triumph, even if it is not

+" so near the color of logs many could The Approach of the Annual to be lasting. :M. H. K. W. L. DOUGLAS

..u t'I'J.J. not distinguish them apart until the Housecleaning-Method and .
:\_ ;,, made then System. tlt7 IS THE: BEST.
? : log a splash, one lady exclaimed SHOIe'
"NN:.: 't,,:'';: "Now I'm happy, I saw a With the approach of warm weather Beware of Ointments for Catarrh $ 5. CORDOVAN;

./ f '.':" live gator." One gentlemen, anxious come premonitions of that annual upheaval That Contain Mercury, ,i.lflit; :. FRENCH&ENAMELLED CALF

" 1 ;_'. to get a picture of 'gator, on sighting known as housecleaning. Its as mercury will surely destroy the sense ,:.\ifli.: \!:\:;';...,...,.'.!',,',i',1--;: 4$350 FINE CALf&VANGAROIIII''I1i
' f:} one turned and called, "girls ; 'ga, to everybody more or less a season of smell and completely derange the .mh..1!\1 :' ;I\\'/;' $3.50 ,SOLES,
.i ..,.
;:.,;; i iI '; tor I" and 101! when he turned againhe of worry and discomfort. The vexa- whole system when entering it through :.r"r" ..4ro$2WORKINGME. + .
y .' tail ion and (from the procrastination the mucous surfaces. Such articles should :;\, .,; -EXTRA FINE-
(. only had the big to snap at. delay i"" { $
ii.4J never be used except, on prescriptions \ 2.l7.BQYS'SCHOOLSHOEi.LADIES"
r In passing the osprey nest the parent of painters and paper-hangers is from reputable physicians, as the damage % .

I bird flew away at the sight of the sometimes'maddening ; yet when it is they will do is ten fold to the good you :.:. $2'..9$2 1P
the steamer. all done and over with the sense of can possibly derive from. them. Hall's ," sEsTO: NGOl ls l\. {
The fourteen miles to the head of cleanliness and ,restored order are a Catarrh Cure, manufactured by F. J. '. "SEND FOR CATALOGUEBROCKTONMASS. :
'It': Toledo 0. contains no '. .. ...,....,;.'!:: .1D O U Gr LAS"
& '
Che-ney .
tiP the river was reached then turned full compensation for all that it cost.
and is taken internally, acting Million
mercury, Over One People wear the
i'' '0 back five miles to the cabin by noon, The modern art of house building has directly upon.the blood and mucous surfaces W. L. Douglas $3 & $4 ShoesAll
where the driving party was on time done much to simplify the labor of of the system. In buying Hall's
and where the tables were in tempting housecleaning. Hardwood "trim" has Catarrh Cure be sure you get the genu- our shoes are equally satisfactoryThey .
the best value for the
array, as the lunch had been sent done away with the drudgery of scrub ine. It is taken internally, and made in They equal give custom shoes in style money.and fit.
f, with waiters. bing 'paint hard wood floors with Toledo, Ohio, by F. J. Cheney. & Co. Their wearing qualities are unsurpassed.The .
,. on by wagon ; Testimonials free. prices are uniform,---stamped on sole.
'. I It was indeed a lively scene and the rugs that are removed and shaken 8@r Sold by Druggists, prico 75c. per Prom your$1 dealer to $3 cannot saved supply over other you we makes.If can. .
sandwiches, eggs, pies, etc., disappeared once a week, enable the housekeeperto bottle. -
with keen appetites. The ; dispense with that most disagreeable T
: cushions from the boats were utilized of all work-lifting carpets and WOVEN WIRE FEn lr
:( ; ,
;. ),'>' on the grass, owing to the extra num putting them down again. This alone, ITALIAN I pig'and h tgm

;, ',. ber for dinner in those parts. The aside from the healthfulness and per- you You're keep tho bees loser to gatherthe unless BEES .Make 13 to00

cabin is situated in a lovely spot on fect cleanliness of hardwood floors and sweets lice ol'Keeping nature about In 50 styles. A man and. bI > canmakeewilleo .

high land among live oaks and pal: rugs ought to ordain the permanent Iou.country.ant and m faire lroiltuble/: lice Hook to free either to all.sex, In townor KITSELMAN 40to BROS. Rid ln d.
11 mettoes and commanding a pretty Banishment of carpets from every J. M JENKINS, Wetumpka, Ala.



ilH il


,! ",

114 f .'


1 .

J :'. TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION Report of Superintendent'of Pub- Transportation of Strawberries.A Making Fish Fertilizer.

; For One Year ...........................82.00 A Carrabelle
f lio Instruction. of the
i : For Six Months...... .................. ..... i.oo writer in the Philadelphia Gro- correspondent
I;. ,'i 1 i In Foreign Countries ..... .....II..... ...... 3.00t Professor W. N. Sheats' current report cery World says that the Armour Tallahasseean calls attention to a very -
: tI t Subscriptions in all cases cash in is' a .voluminous document ((286 Company are going to establish a ser important waste or neglect of material
I E I,, advance. No discount allowed on one'sown 'introduction' vice of specially constructed for resources in the waste fish and fish
k ) but it has an giving ,
subscription(except in a club), but to
tr of schools in Flor- the of transporting California offal of our fisheries on the coast
E all agents a liberal cash commission will a history public purpose
',: j G; be allowed on all subscriptions obtained ida, which is very interesting reading.Of fruits across the continent on a large and the many kinds (known as bad
; by them. Write for terms." the period preceding the radical scale. "Some California fruits, not- fish,) such as sharks, stingarees, caval-

,' To every new subscriber we will send, change in 1876, he tetsely says: ably the strawberry, have never come lies, skipjacks, porgeys, catfish and nu
; :
of Whitner's "Gardening -
postpaid copy East for the that merous other kinds that are worthlessas
: in Florida." For two new subscribers "The truth of the matter is, there reason transporta
o at $2.00 each, we will send, was too much politics in the State, in tion.facilities adapted to their safe car food fish ; in fact they prey upon
; i; postpaid, a copy of Moore's "Orange schools as well as everything else, and riage were deplorably lacking. There the food fish, which makes them a nui '

\ ,' Culture." too much talking by the party in were plenty of cars, but they were not sance.

It I II Rates Remittances of advertising should be on made application.by check, power for political effect North. Bad constructed properly, and were not These fish are in countless millionsover
) postal note. money order or registered old days these, both North and South, adapted to the shipment of strawberries our entire coasts and can be takenin
letter to order of when campaign thunder consisted of as well as some other fruits. The large quantities almost the year

I F.ABMEJ.l.AND FRUIT GROWER, vilification, each believing the other." experiment has- been tried several round.
Jacksonville Fla. Regarding the uniform examinationlaw times, but these inadequate transpor- One man alone with shark hook and

the establishment of which a tation facilities invariably killed it. line can average a ton a day duringthe

year or so ago created such a commo- When the fruit arrived in Eastern warm months. By a simple pro-
NOTICE tion among a certain class of teachers markets it was spoiled, battered and 'cess these fish can be made into a fertilizer .

{ and their friends, the Superintendentgives squeezed out of shape: Money was and applied the crops within
f If you receive a copy of this the following details as to the lost by the dealers who were brave one week of the time of being taken.

paper which you did not order, process: "The papers of the candi- enough to make the trial, and for some THE PROCESS.
I consider it an invitation to sub dates are all prepared in the presenceof time it has not been tried except on a Prepare a vat of wood or iron ,fitted
: scribe. If you do not want it, the county superintendent, or his most limited scale." with pipes running through it, to

::1; r kindly hand it to a neighbor. assistant, and unmarked as to author- If the Armour Company make a which connect with a boiler; .place!

f ship, are deposited with the county success of this scheme, the Florida the fish in this vat, close tight and

I I CONTENTS. superintendent and by him numberedto strawberry growers 'will give them a turn on steam for one hour, and the
denote authorship, and turned over vote of thanks to come to this State fish will be cooked to a pulp. After
1. GROVE AND ORCHARD-Florida's Great Hotels to a grading committee composed of and teach the makers and operators of( separating the large bones place the

i I Mode; Gr4fling of Protecting the Pecan Orange; Plain Trees.Trimming.... ....; 243 three teachers selected from the best refrigerator cars how to carry their pulp under a press (such as is used
Orange Growers Unwisely Spending Their by the county school board. This fruit in good condition. It has never for baling cotton), press the water and .'
Cash; Shot Borers; Kscamhia's Pear Crop; 244
}, FARMER AND TRUCKER-Editorial Notes ; committee grades the papers, whose been done successfully for any lengthof oil out of it and it is ready for drying
...... ........
Fighting it Out all Summer 245 in the sun or better in kiln when
i Grass Crop;Strawberries in South Alabama; 246 authorship is unknown; and their own time. We believe some of the a ,
POULTRY short Practical Notes; Why Eggs personality is supposed to be unknownto patents that have been'tested would. thoroughly dry it can be ground to 'a
Don't Hatch Poultry Manure........ .
J OUR RURAL HOME-Old; Fashioned Garden; 247 the examinees. The work of this do fairly well,if the cars were properly powder, and is then ready to be applied -
; An Appeal for Corn Ca kes .... ..... 248 committee completed a gradation re-iced on the route, but this to the land. Otherwise it, can
: House! C eaning; A A. M. E. Excursion. 249
ItDIToRIAL-Prof., Sheats' Report; Transport sheet containing the grade of each necessary precaution' seems never to be taken from the press in blocks and .
t t> tation Prosecutions of Strawberries; Fish Fertilizer; Cost;of Stock Criminal Law; 250 examinee, who is denoted by num. be adopted. The result is, the ber- shipped to the farmer to make a com-

'J! Railroad Commission; Markets.. .... ........ 251 ber on each branch, is delivered to the ries generally arrive in such wretched 'I post ; mixed with clay (dried) or dust

Southern T.uck .Cotton.........Mills....;..Freight.... .. ....Rates. .... .on.. 252 county superintendent, who, under condition that they bring the shipperslittle with a small per cent of charcoal it
Cane Culture No. 2...... .... ........ ...;.... 253 makes an excellent Lime
Weather and Crops....:... .................. 254 conditions prescribed, issues certifi- or nothing, and they are forcedto compost.
I cates,therefrom." ship by open express or in refrige- will not' do to mix as it frees the am-

\ Weather in Jacksonville. He shows by a list of replies received rator boxes. These latter are huge, monia. The writer has experimentedwith
from the county superintendentsand clumsy things the railroad people dis- and found this to be an excellent

a" a .. b/J a.i.= I school boards that this law is like'the handling of them and they fertilizer for all kinds of cereals or
= tIS o
DATE. tIS .... QJ a w endeavor force the cane, garden truck fruit
0)oo) to grassessugar ,
by high
00 ::s =a a =a t>4 strongly winning its way in public growers,,
--- - favor. charges, to ship in the refrigeratorcars. trees, flower gardens, etc. Applied -
... .... .
April 9. 60 663 55 18 64 .o in
i The latter would be only too to corn May or sugar cane Juneor
Apnllo..S8 60 73 53 20 63
April it ........6o 6, 72 51 21 62 .0 courageously opposes the unnec- glad to ship by the cars if they could July, it will attract moisture and .
April 12 62 62 72 10 12 66 T essary multiplication schools. "Itis
........ do with of supply -all that is for an
April! 13 60 64 79 54 25 67 .08 believed that it so any prospect success, neccessaay
honestly would be
April 14 .... 60 74 t3! 57 26 70 .0 for much convenient abundant yield. Mr. S. S. Aldermanof
April 15.......... 62 74 80 58 22 69 .0 far better for every child in the Stateto they are more to
them well the railroad Calhoun county, can testify to its
- as as people.But .
Mean ....... 60 66 76 55 21 66 *o3 be compelled to walk from one anda virtue as an food.
what have they to orange
t *Total rainfall. half to two miles to school, and, afterit encouragement -
medium which -
almost invari-
ship by a
; E. R. DEMAIN Observer. gets there, to receive instruction Stock Law.
lands the fruit in
ably a state of semi-
from a true teacher, than to multiplythe '
-*- The local option'stock' law is
often with "hair" mold
rot, ( fungus) .
A regular 'strawberry train is now schools beyond the ability of the .an inch long? and right and ought to be established .
run on the Florida Central and Peninsular fund to reach competent teachers, and in this State. That is to say, in a
--- a*
Railroad. It runs up ahead of secure a walk of half a mile, or less, county or even in a township, where
for half of the children'of the State in Cost of Criminal Prosecutions.
the forenoon express, collects the ber- the cultural interests outweigh the pas-
ries at each station into a car, and reaching a poor school. Twenty years ,Alachua county's finances are saidto toral, the people ought to have the local "
leaves it there to be filled to the last ago children thought nothing of walk- be in the poorest condition they right to vote that the owners of stock

'i moment, while it goes to the next sta- ing three miles to school. It is too have been for years. Up to Thurs- should be required to fence their stock .

.: tion to'repeat the process, and so on to often the case that requests to subdivide day night of last week there was nota in. This does 'not imply that there

:; the northern limit of the strawberry or to create new schools have as cent in the road tax fund, and but will be no more fences, not at all; it
belt. their real foundation, not the chief in- very little in any of the other funds. simply guarantees to the farmers the
_ _
i > > < terests of the. children the'children
though undisturbed of their
The paying of expense for criminal use land, and the
It would take a dozen cold snaps to are placed first in the plea to prosecutions has drained the treasury harvesting of their: products secure ..
freeze the foolishness out of some secure favorable action by the brards( almost dry. from trespass.

4.,. land owners and cause them to lower the real object being to provide places Thus it is that the lawyers make There are very few tillers of the soil,

|; the prices of land to such a figure I for friends and kin-people" of the pat- game of the tax-payers, playing battle- even orange growers, who would not
f i; that poor but industrious settlers could rons petitioning. door and shuttlecock with the miserable be better off for keeping a little stockto

i: purchase. Perishable vegetables, We should have been pleased to see niggers who commit minor crimes onlyto supply their tables, and this stock,
tj 1 fruits and berries ought to be grown something in the report condemnatoryof be passed back and forth from one of course, requires fences. We do not

.,' close to the depot, and by demanding the narrow provincialism which for- lawyer to another, to cost the countiesa believe there is a judicious and thrifty
x, such unreasonable prices for land near bids the employment of a teacher' unless bill of expense each time. Our grove owner who would not enclose his
<; the station and 'forcing the purchaser he or she has a certificate from the British cousins in Jamaica have more trees with a (fence safe against cattle at

1; to go out into the woods to settle they county in which the school is to be sense than this, they make a judiciousand least, even if the no-fence law was established .

lay the foundation for his failure as a taught, but we have looked in vain for well-guarded useof the whipping ; but no man in these cultural

; grower, for the discontent of his wife it. post, and the prosecution and penalty districts ought to be compelled to fence .

and family, isolated from society, and The report .as a whole is creditableto follow so close upon the heels of the against swine, especially such lawless

,;l for his eventually leaving, disgusted the energy, courage and progressiveness indictment that the shysters have little and marauding brutes as unfed razor-

I with the State, of this'officer, time to work! In tW* fees; backs,

p .

-- ,-_.. -- ,

: ,
: ,
: : : /

: \

., "
;\; .


t -

The Florida Railroad Commission.It flarkets. THE

is not true, and never was true,

that the late railroad commission wasa '""-""'- JACKSONVILLE, FLA April 19. FIRST NATIONAL BANK OF FLORIDA

failure. On the contrary, while it FRUITS AND PKODUC13.
was costing the State not over $15,000 ,
Corrected by Marx Bros. J ACI.cSONVIL-L-E.
per annum it saved the orange growers These are average quotations. Extra choice
along the lines of the Florida Central lots lots fetch sell lower.prices above top quotations, while poor The Oldest National Bank in the State.This .

t & Peninsular and Florida Southern Oranges, Messina 2003...... ........ 300 Bank, after twenty years of successful business, has just undergone a rigid special exami
J California Navels ..... .... 4.00 nation by the United States Comptroller's Department,and has had its charter extended for an
railroad, during the season of 1888- 9, English Ft as bu.;... .............. ... 1.60 other period of twenty years
more than $100,000, and the rates Cowpeas, Clay, bu....... ....-......... 1.25 By conservative, yet liberal methods this bank has achieved the highest reputation for solidity,
Whippoorwill............. 1.50 strength and ability to meet all legitimate demands.We .
then put in force by ,the commissionhave Red Kipper...... ...... .... I.'5 invite a visit or correspondence, looking toward business relations, assuring you that your
been from the Black Eye.... .............. 2.00 favors shall at all times receive intelligent and careful attention.
not departed by Cocoanuts.... .......... .... .......... 3.50 JAMES M. SCHUMACHER
railroads since; and these are fully Peanuts best brand...... .... .........0354 10.04 R. C. COOLEY
less roads apples, bbl................ .. 5.50 President. Cashier.
one-third than those were 'beets, .
using in the fall of 1888. Potatoes, bbl. Burbanks... ............ 2.50 2.50 Safe Deposit Boxes For Rent.DAVIDSON .
/ 41 sack. .......... .... ....... ..... 2.30
If there is any honest man who Early Rose, N. y.seed...... 2.75
Hebron seed................. 2.75 : : ss ,co.
reads this article, and who desires to. Peerless.. .., ... .... .......... 2.75 ,
this matter let him writeto Chili Red ....... ............ 2.75
investigate Onions, bbl ..... ....... ............... 3.25 COMMISSION MERCHANTS.
Hon. P. P. Bishop, or Charles W. ECggs,.........__.........._.... ........ .14


small grower of the same place, or Corrected by Davis & Robinson .

: at Lees- Yellow Yams, bush. ........ .......... .50 ORANGES, LEMONS, PINEAPPLES, EARLYjVEGETABLES OF ALL, KINDS
any intelligent orange grower Sweet Potatoes ........ .....'. ........ .50
burg. Hubbard squash, bbl... ........ ...... No. 20 West Front Street, Cincinnati, Ohio. ,
Lettuce, doz.,... .. ...................... .25 to .30
An instance of the reduction through Celery....... ....................... .35 to .50
EggPlants, bbl. ............ .......... 5,00 to 6.00 PETTtII3UEl.GIEN'N'SYLV: !! : : .A.NJ.A.: .
Commission, in October, 1808, the Tomatoes, crates ... .' ......-.-...... 300
rate on a box of oranges from Lees- Sweet Pepper, bu. none................ 3.00
Okra, bu, none.... .... .. ........... Somers :Brother & Co. ESTABLISHED'
burg to Jacksonville, Callahan or Green Beans ........:... ..... ....2.5010300 1876.
these basing Peas.... .... ..........-..... ..u 2.ooto2.fo
Gainesville being points)
( Turnips, bunch.........,.............. .o3 to .o6
.fixed by the railroads, was thirty centsa Cucumbers, crate.....'...... ........... 7.00 Commission Fruits and Prod.uce.Refer
Commission Pumpkins each...................... 0510 .15 Merchants .
box. The Railroad com- Kershaws, each... ...... ......... .Io to .15
pelled the companies to reduce the rate Parsley, per d.jz. bunches........... .20 to .25 to Banks, Mercantile Agencies and I he business community of Western Pennsylvania.
Carrots,Fla., per doz.bunches........ .25 to .30 Market Reports, special references to regular shippers, shipping' stencils, stamps, etc., ,fur-
toseventeen cents a box and it has ...... nished free on application.
Green onions per doz. bunches. .20 to .30 INQUIRIES AND CORRESPONDENT.5!: INVTFn! !
continued at that rate since. Pepper, hot bushel, none.,........... 1.50 to 2.00
ever Sage well cured lb...............*....... .10 to. 15
There is a saving of thirteen cents a Lima Beans, shelled, qt, none ........
Hens: ....... -...........-.............. ..... .35 .
box, and on 200,000 boxes a season it Roosters............................... .25to .30 ------ --- .
amounts to $26,000 from Leesburg and Broilers........._...................... .18 to .25 I'' q vTENSoNoH .
Turkeys, per pound,gross .12 to .14
vicinity alone. On the whole annual Ducks.-... .......... .3<> to 40 \ r ,
I of Leesburg Ocala and Orange Geese.................................. .40 !!
crop New Beets, per zoo .................... ... i.oo to 2.00 1
Lake and intermediate'points, the saving Water Cress, per doz......,.......... .35 to .40 .
of Cauliflower doz...... ...... ..... ..... 2.5010300 ;. .
per annum to the growers or- New Potatoes, bbl .................... 5.00. to 6.00 -- -- -
anges alone cannot'be less than $150- Florida Cabbage, each............. .... .8 to 12 \ .
Strawberries: qt..... .... ....... .... .iotoi2% -
ooo. Asparagus, Fla. per .,....... .15 to 20 I .... .

It Is true, that the rate .on oranges 'IfENSION-W-: <(.. '..
has been since the
not repealed repealof
New York Market. while the wire is rendered
the Railroad Commission law. But A New Talking Machine.It straight en-
in fair demand tirely useless for fence purposes. Whilein
Oranges are Sicily
this simply shows that the railroads are ranging at 2.00 to 2.50 per box; Jamaica differs from the Phonograph in this: practice these changes will not occurso
content with the rate fixed by the Commission repacked barrels 5.50 to 6.00; Havana, The latter only repeats what is said to >It. i suddenly,'they are none the less cer-

and were wrong in trying to original 3.50 to 4.00. Pines are firm at while this machine takes both sides of tain whenever there are changes in temperature ,

extort a higher rate. But the producerhas 8.00 to 25.00. Lemons show good market the argument and will convince the in- or animals crowd or run into
with 360s quirer in a moment that there is but one the fence.
prices higher. Fancy bring
no assurance that the very next 2.75to3.12 ; choice 360s 2.50 to 2.62J. safe way to build wire fence, namely; to The mission of this little instrument is
season the old rate will not be restored California oranges at 2.75 to 3.50 per box. recognize and provide for contraction and simply to introduce the subject and call

and millions unjustly extorted from Florida strawberries, 15 to 35c. expansion, and one interview will generally the attention of those who need fence to
the producers.The satisfy liim that the continuous coiled I the Page Woven Wire, which is built on
in fair
Domestic potatoes are supplyand steel is the method I this identical and is the '
spring only practical plan, only elastic
of the F. C. & P. R. R. '
,reports market steady. We quote : Jersey,
yet discovered. The cut was made fence offered. The real fence also has
made to Commissioner from 1887to 1.75 to 2.25 ; N. Y. State, 2.00 to 2.50 ; from a photograph of two'machines, the the knack of"speaking for itself," deliv-

1891, show whether the Commis- Bermuda, per bbl., prime, 7.00 to 7.50 ; upper one shows the coiled wire and the ering lectures on 'The Advantages of

sion was a failure. Those sworn reports seconds Canada. Hebrons, 2.25 to 2.50; straight wire stretched exactly alike as Self-Government," "Attention to Busi-
show that the railroad received Jersey sweets, 2.75 to 4.00. Onions 1.40 are they would appear in a new fence; in the ness," "Keeping Everlastingly at it,"
dull. Havana, per crate, 1.25 to ; other, the lever is thrown back looseningboth
from each passenger the followingrate Bermuda, 1.65 to 1.75. Domestic cab- wires, precisely the same, and,it shows etc.Write the Page Woven Wire Fence Co.,
per mile : bage is easy at 3.00 to 6.00 per 100, how little the Coiled Spring is affected, Adrian, Mich., and learn all about it.
while Dutch imported cabbage is

1887-8.....;". I............2.871 cents. steady at 8.00 to 12.00; Florida cabbage,
1888-9.................. ..2.464 cents. 5.00 to 5.50 per bbl crate; lettuce, Boston, Strawberries are firmer under the in- Bradley Redfleld. Eugene B. Redfield.
doz. 50c to 1.00 Norfolk, 1.00 to 1.50 creased demand, all arrivals selling
1889-90.... .. .... ... ........1-3777 cents.' per per basket, ; Florida;, 1.00 to 2.50 per basket promptly at full quotations. We quote: ESTABLISHED 1871.

1890-91...................1.3232 cents. ; tomatoes, Florida, per carrier, 2.00 to Choice to fancy, per qt., 30 to 40 cents; REDFIELD & SON,
5.00; Havana, per carrier, 1.50 to 3.50; fair to good. per qt., 20 to 25 cents.EEDFIELD .
So that according to the reports of Bermuda; per box, 25 to 75c; green peas, & SON.

the F. C. & P. R. R. on the system Florida, per crate, 3.00 to 6 00; California, 4 Commission MerchantsAND

containing more mileage than any per crate, 1.50 to 1.00; beets, Bermudaand
other, the averags rate per mile in Florida 2.00 to 2.75 per crate; California The Paint Problem. -

about one-half what it cauliflower, 2.50 to 3.50 per case; Do realize how important good
1891 was was you
in 1887-the year the Commissionwent string beans, Florida., .3.00 to 5.50. paint is 1? Fruit Auctioneers,
Often bare boards would look better
into effect.
Philadelphia, April 12-Tomatoes in than the quick-fading mud colored tint
141 Dock Street, 1'hlladelpJtta, Pa.
During the existence of the Rail light receipt and firm at 5.00 to 0.00 per that is on them.

road Commission the rates on oranges, carrier for fancy; fair to good, 3.50 to As good paints as anybody wants are We handle all kinds of Fruits and Vegetables,
prescribed and enforced by it, had 4.50. String beans are in better supply, made by the F. Hammar Paint Company, either at private sale (which has heretofore been
our custom) or by the auction system (recently
saved the growers, according to the es- and prices are lower-sales being made St. Louis, Mo.Hammar added to our business) as you may desire.
to 5.50 to We look Pure Prepared> Paints are
at 4.00 as quality.
timate Commission itself
of the
$492- to last for five Thinkof
for still lower prices to rule next week, guaranteed years.
000 ; according to the estimate of the as receipts are likely to be more liberal. not having to repaint in that length of Mr. Geo. E. Macy informs the Or,:

Fruit Exchange, $500,000 ; accordingto Peas scarce and wanted: if choice, at 4.00 time. lando Reporter that there is between

,the estimate of Major Conant, gen to 5.00 per crate. Squash, per crate 2.50 These paints are as economical as theyare 250 and 300 acres of rice already

eral manager of the Florida Southern to 3.00. New potatoes, prime, per barrel handsome and durable.A planted in Orange county, with a prospect .
8.00 to 9.00; seconds, 5.50 to 6 50. Let- sample card and interesting book will of before the is
railroad, $440,000. A, large amount, tuce firm at 3.50 to 4.50 per basket. Cabbage bo mailed free to any address. 400 season over.
not less than $125,000, was saved the in light receipt and wanted aj; 0,00 Write F. Ha'1marPaint! Co.. 220 Spruce This acreage represents a l large. numbef{

vegetable shippers.-Floridian, I to, 6.00 per bbl crate, Street, St. Louis, Mo, pf growers



-- _. H 'I .Al.A_ MI J !!.





---- ---------

Southern Cotton Mills. rate charged to that point. ORANGE GROWERS. .. ,

Tradesman of has "In case of a change of delivery of \ '. ',:'/;-,,
The Chattanooga #\
done a valuable and lasting service to I such shipments from New York to ATTENTION ti _......::,;-C--!: ,'! I .' ".."A>c t"-\);':\'
Jersey City and the maintenance after ,;.') '
the reading public by compiling from 1 /.lt.

data procured direct' from the mills, a the change, of the same rates to the you \iZfz1I! '. ,,;,--;. k
the for- I am able to with Orange and Lemon 'I "" "' '
latter as had been in force to : /,".Ii','
complete summary of the number,, bud wood of standard varieties, such as : :, ': :,
mer city for a series of years precedingthe ..-.."1 "-'- ''' "'j""
location, and character of the cotton HART'S,CA.TOIlO T.LIRDIJ.I", +aa' }. N ttI'_ ... \,,;ljN-;...? +,
carriers :
the charging
change are ,
mills in operation, in the course of :nUIlY.fT.Lll"F. 'wJ \ .. 'L !
and in contemplation in the for a less service, the compensation A.. I t :,'" '\,'
building ,
several Southern States. There has which they had presumably deemed SANFORD'S MEDITERRANEAN, '"....jP' ,..-10...,j;.
for and the rates as MALTA JII.OOD.MED. '
much talk adequate a greater '
been for months past, SWEET, i '
about the growth of cotton factories in applied,to,,Jersey City are prima facie ST. MICHAEL, '
Shortest Most Attractive
the South, and much i interest has been excessive. CHINA MANDARIN Etc, Quickest,

awakened, but until now we have not "Where a carrier pays mileage fora At the following prices; O"U'TE: .

been able to put our hands on trust- car which it employs in the serviceof 1000, $5.00; 3000 $12.00; 6000 $20.00. .
,it is the carrier and not BETWEEN :
worthy information as to the actual shippers, I CASH WITH ORDER.In FLORIDA POINTS AND THE NORTH "

facts. From the figures furnished wetabulate' the party or company from whom the Lemons. Lisbon, Villa Franca, Eureka, at THE
the number of mills finished car is rented, who furnishes the car to same prices.Buds .
the shipper, and in such case, there is delivered without further cost: to you and Florida Central and PeninsularNEW
and projected : guaranteed to artive in fine order. Orders
STATES. FINISHED. PROJECTED. no privity of contract between the car booked now for June delivery. Address, THROUGH ROUTES.

..... and the C. S. BURGESS,
North'Carolina. 140 5 owner shipper."It New York to Jacksonville by -
Georg.......", 66 9 fur- Riverside Nurseries, New Florida Pennsylvania R. It. to Washington -
is the duty of the carrier to
South Carolina...... 62 IITC'nnessee. Riverside, Cal. and 1 Southern Hallway to
......... 24 2 nish an adequate and suitable car Reference.-Orange Growers' Bank, Riverside, Northern Columbia, Florida Central &
.... ......
21 5
Alabama reference if wanted. Line.Cincinnati to all
Florida Peninsular
Cal. .Air principal
for all the business it given
Maryland....... ... 18 0 equipment undertakes Florida.
Texas..... ...... 9 1 and also is J points In
, Virginia ....... ...... 0Mf whatever essential Cincinnati to Jacksonville by
,{ ,,issppi; .......... 8 I to the safety and preservation of ,FraudBu RsFruitWrappers Queen & Crescent to Chattanooga -
}{en t ucky ......., .. 6 I ; and Southern R'y to Ever-
Louisiana ,.......... 5 1 the traffic in transit. Florida ette, Florida Central & Penin-
Arkansas.... ........ 2 (0 "When carriers undertake the trans- Limited. sular to all important Florida
Florida..... ....... I 0 NO MORE CHEATING. points.
...... of perishable''traffic requir- '
West Virginia. I 037z portation Kansas Kansas City, Fort Scott &
in transit ice and the City Memphis It.R.to Kansas City,
36 ing refrigeration Consumers of Fruit Wrappers may and }to Birmingham, Southern IVy '
. facilities for its transportation in con- now know that they get an honest ream Jackso'villeThro*. Line to Everette, Fla. Central &
Total completed, under construc- nection with that traffic are identicalto of 480 sheets and not 400 or 320 sheetsto Peninsular to all Fla. points.

tisn and projected, 408, against 180 in the service of transportation, and ream as some unscrupulous dealers 1St. Louis Short Jacksonville Line to Du Quoin by,

1880, and 254 in 1890. the charge therefor is a charge 'in, supply. Holly Sp'gs Central, to Holly Sp'gs,
lloute. City Memphis & Birmingham -
The whole number of spindles and connection with' such service within OUR "FAIR AND SQUARE"Printed to Birmingham, Sou.
looms in mills now erected and in J lily to Everette and F.i C. & P.
the meaning of section i of the act to,
Wrappers are put up in packagesof Sioux City & Chicago to'Jacksonville -
in the South those
operation omitting regulate commerce, in respect to the 1000 each, and each Wrapper is 111. Cent. to Holly

projected, is as follows, with comparisons reasonableness of which the carrier is numbered, in printing, consecutivelyfrom Holly lloute.New Sp'gs. }Sp'gs K.,, C.Sou.M.R'y& B.to to'Ever-Birmingham -

' with 1890: subject to that provision of the statute.It 1 to 1000. No one can ette and the F. C. &'P. '

i SPINDLES. LOOMS. is 'held under the evidence in this Louis'ille& Nash'ilIe to River .
,J HONESTLY BEATour Orleans Junction. F. C. & P. only
1895 1890
-......---- -- -1895 -1895 case. To }route with through sleepersJackso'ville ,
Alabama .......:... '163 Eon 79,234 3,020 1693; "First-That on shipments of straw- prices. Send for samples and prices! between New Orleans and
Arkansas..... ...... 6,180... .. ... toTHE Jacksonville.
Florida... ....... 14t o ..'" .. ...... berries from Charleston to Jersey City, The'F. C. & P. has 700 miles of track in
Georgia....... ... .575538 445.452 10,4c; the charge of two cents per quart for JERSEY CITY PRINTING CO. Fl'-rida' running through the
Ken lucky..;. .... 52,090 42 942 67 Tobacco Regions,
Louisiana..... .... 56703 53.132 1,5121,360 refrigeration en route is excessive, JERSEY CITY, N. J. Stock Farming and'Dairy' Section, '
Maryland...... .... 175,290 158930 3,142 2,965Misissippi 1'eacti and Strawberry Lands, .
........ 55.788 57.004 1,849 1.352 that the charge therefor should not ex- N. B.-We do not deal in unprinted Orange, Banana and Pineapple: Country, :; ,-,[
1t.Carolina....... 747,270 467,786 16,185 7254 ceed I IZ cents, and that the total Phosphate Belt. .<,
S. Carolina ... ... 83803632.784 2,273 8,546 wrappers. Has the> Silver Spring and ':,
Tennessee.... ...... 124.090 97624 254 2.043 charge per quart for the service of Other Fine Scenery. .:.
Texas! .76300..2,051. .. The Great Hunting Country.
Virginia ............ 127,108 94,294 4,155 2,517 transportation on such shipments and FRUIT xrEE Reaches the Noted fishing Grounds.
W, ; Virginia .... .... .. .... ....'.. 25....... necessary service 'in connection there- FOR Has the best lands for tillage; greatest variety -
-- -- -- -- with i should of soils in the State, and above all
3001.340 1699082 70R74 ,81/65 1 including refrigeration, SOUTHERN ORCHARDS.Write .

This table shows an increase of not' be in excess of 6 cents per quart. for Catalogue,and price list. Runs Where over It Is the High Central and Healthy.Rldgeland

"Second-That 1.4 cents per pack. Prosperous towns fill its route and it offers
nearly 100 per cent. in the five years, JENNINGS' NURSERY CO., the best freight facilities for any produce to
age should be deducted from the rate the Northern markets. Send for the popularsong
and of nearly 100 per cent. in looms. T1.nmtavilln. n O.
of vegetables shipped in standard barrels -
!t The Tradesman reports an increaseof "
-or barrel}, crates from Charlestonto POURS
about 100,000 spindles since June, with its'spirited words and beautiful music
and of looms without including Jersey City; in ca es where the de. By Pressing the Lid. descriptive of an actual Florida Home, and
1894, -
which is in
livery of such has been gotten up elegant style-Six pagesof
1 the thirty-six,,mills now projected : vegetables full sized best music paper, containing also t
changed from New York to New Jer- a picture of a home in ,Florida and a hunting
U and soon to built in the South. IWHHIHHlI scene. It is mailed on receipt of'10 cents (in
sey, without a change in rates, and N stamps, to pay expense of distribution.)
<< "Third-That the'rate on cabbages Send also for the best map of Florida (sen
!j Freight Rates on Truck. 'II free) and note the towns on its route.A.O.MAODONELLG.P.A.
shipped in standard barrels or barrel ,

t The following dispatch 'from Wash crates from Charleston to Jersey Cityor _fl, : Jacksonville, Fla. .

ington will be interesting to the truckers New York, should not exceed I Ir "
The Fla Cent & Peninsular R. R.
of Florida who are as much affect. of the rate '
on potatoes so shipped.- =;r -
ed by the case cited, if not more/than Times-Union. Offers to Shippers _

the complainants-the truckers of .i I II ImUuul:.11.!!', IU .. !liil1d1lit,,'! I,i.?. nlicirT The Shortest and Quickest. Route

Charleston. Growth of'Fruit vs. Vine. Tea and Coffee pots artistic design with novel BETWEEN
method of pouring. Prices from$2.50 to$17.25
"The- interstate commerce commission An electrical device for measuring each. Ask: for them or send for illustrations.THE FLORIDA AND ALL POINTS IN

today promulgated its decision in plant growth has recently been in- ASBURY-PAINE MFG. CO., PHILA.,PAt THE EAST AND WEST.

the case of the Truck Farmers' Asso- vented. The pumpkin was the object This is a good tlu'ng.FARMER'S .' With Improved Ventilated Cars, this company
is better equipped than ever ever to
ciation of Charleston, S. C., againstthe selected for the experiment. The device SAW MILLworks handle the Orange and Vegetable Crops, and
Pennsylvania Railroad shows that when the with insure close connections and prompt despatch
Companyand energy of >successfully 4 to all Easteru and Western Markets.
others forming through lines from the plant is directed toward the development and Water Wheels. h.. p., also Grinding Mills Through, cars to'destination with

Charleston to New York and other of the fruit the vine grows but out change or delay. ,
DeLoach Mill Mfg. Co.. Perishable freight followed by wire and
northern and eastern points. little, and vice versa. It was ,learned shippers advised time passing various Juno-

"The commission decided that : that the pumpkin itself does most of 323 Highland, Ave., Atlanta, Ga. tion points and arrival at destination.
All claims for overcharges and loss promptly
Where, on shipments of strawberriesand the growing after 7 o'clock in the evening adjusted. .

vegetables 'from Charleston des and diminishes its activity as the See that your goods are markedvia

tined for New York, delivery. is made sun rises and begins to act upon the 40,000 F. C. & P. R. R.
For information on or address the undersigned ,
by the roads at the terminus of the leaves. From 9 o'clock in the morn- Dwarf Banana Suckers for sale at :
rail line in Jersey City in computingthe ing to o'clack in the afternoon the Royal 0. E. TAYLOR, Trav. A'gtl Ocala, Fla.
3 W. I). TUCKER, Gen. A'g't, Orlando, Fla.

total cost of transportation to New weight of the fruit diminishes, owingto $5. per 100. or $40 per 1.000. W.G. M.R.HOLDEN FULLER,Trav.Trav.A'g't A'gt., Tampa Leesburg, Fla., Fla.

York, the expense of carriage ,over the evaporation of water from the Apply to Or N. S. PENNINGTON. Traffic Manager,

from is to be added to the I leaves of the Jacksonville,Fla.
Jersey City plant, CHAS, Tt VERBEKE, Sumo, 'Fla, W, H. PLEASANTS, General Freight Agtr



i .. .._
...,._ ._ -- -- ,
-- --
-- ..: _:--:-- ;;::: ; ;:j: : : : : --.::::-- -

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: ,'; I '.' '.,; ;"pt



Cane Culture For Small Farmers- amount of juice to be sulphured. Fora

No. 2. one-horse mill 1x2x6 feet
with fouror Complete Fertilizersfor
When the cane is ready to be har- five shelves, will be ample size. A

vested the cane-knife should be used. very small brick furnace three brick

The fodder is stripped from the cane high and tvyo wide each way, with an potatoes, fruits, and all vegetables require (to secure the largest

by a projection upon the back of the opening sufficiently'' large in front to yield and best quality)

knife. After removing the fodder the receive a small iron cup, in which the

I cane is topped-up into the white sulphur is burned, is connected with At Least IO/ Actual Potash.

1 joints if only syrup is desired, but in the sulphur machine by a iinch,

the upper red joint if sugar is to be pipe on the side of the box, near the Results of experiments prove this conclusively. How and

made. After topping, the cane is bottom. The fumes of sulphur arisein is told in
. seized with the left hand and severedat the box and ascend in the opposite why, our pamphlets.

the ground with a strong blow, and direction of the fall of the juice, and They are j ent free. It will cost you nothing to read them, and they will save you

thrown upon the heap row (every finally any excess escapes through the dollars. GERMAN KALI WORKS,93 Nassau Street New York.

third row), from which all the trash chimney on the upper part of the ma- JOHN L. MARVIN, ,
has been removed. The carts now chine. The shelves, down which the President.H. .

drive between the heap rows and load juice flows, may be much narrower T. BAVA, THOS. W. CONRAD,

.' from both sides. Sugar wagons and than the box. In this case they must Cashier. Assistant Cashier.

carts specially designed to empty their be supported, and must have narrow CAPITAl 100000..

loads, are used by sugar planters. strips on eacn side to restrain the juiceon '

Dump carts, or tumbrels with side- the shelf. The juice, entering at THE MERCHANTS' NATIONAL BANK

boards, will be found useful:: in handling the top of the box, meets with the ,

cane on a small scale. Reachingthe fumes of sulphur all along its passage, JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA,

sugar house the operation of sugar and before becomes
escaping I Respectfully solicits Deposits Collections
you Genera
It is of
making begins. worthy remark this gas.Although Banking $usiness.CORRESPONDENCE .

here, that all leaves and sheaths .. .. -

should, as far as practicable, die removed -
perhaps not generally INVITED.
from the before
cane enteringthe
mill. known, yet it is a fact that there are DIRIOTOR 9 t

more business houses now in course of John L. Marvin, A. B. Campbell Chas. Marvin,
The outfit for sugar or syrup mak- construction, and for which plans I H. T. Baya, T. W. Roby, Judge R. B. Archibald,

ing on,, a small scale consists of a have been drawn and the contracts Judge E. M. Randall. C. B. Rogers, W. M. Davidson,
horsemill and evaporator, with boxes Dr" H. Robinson. John E. Hartrldge.
ready to let, in Jacksonville than for
and barrels be used tanks
as juice ,
many years ,previous. All of the

will.sulphur be described machine, in coolers detail., etc. These buildings are fine, _substantial structures SAVINGS AND TRUST BANK

two and three stories in height,
The horsemill must be erected in a
substantial The feed roller and are'a credit to any portion of the OF: F ;ORIDA,
city. Besides these buildings, several
should be left slightly open to receivethe JACKSONVILLE.
cheaper structures have been erected,
CAPITAL $50,000.
while the roller
cane bagasse
especially in the vicinity of the Ter-
should be made to touch everywherethe minal'Station' which is at present out- H. ROBINSON, President W. J. 1IAKKISHEIMER, Vice-Prea.
main roller in order to secure good side of the fire limits. Wl\I. RAWMNSON, Cashier,
extraction. The rollers should be
All these are addition to the large

tightened every morning, and only number of residences, many-of,. them, DIRECTORS:
when the bagasse comes out in short H. ROBINSON, T. HILDHBRAND P. E. McMURRAY,
and handsome that have been
dry pieces operation and are'now being erected in the suburbs J. A. HEND RSON, C. C. ROBERTSON, W.,B. OWEN .

squeezing be considered satisfactory. I of the city, and of which men- Collections made on all points of Florida,and Remitted for on day of Pay
It pulls the team heavier, but a much tion has been made from time to timein ment. Active and Savings Accounts Solicited. Interest Paid on
larger percentage of juice is obtained.'In Savings.
the Citizen. As a real estate agent
this way as much as 70 per cent
remarked yesterday, "This speaks for
of the weight of the cane will be pro- the growth and general prosperity of
cured as juice--while the bagasse, FLORIDA FRUIT EXCHANGE
the city, and shows that the people of
coming from a mill simply pressed, Jacksonville have abundant faith in .
not broken, means often not over 50 ,
the future of the city.-Citizen. An Incorporated Home Association of Orange Growers for marketing Florida Fruit to the
per cent extraction. It is useless to best advantage.-AUTHORIZED CAPITAL $300.000.
CI BOX MATERIAL-The Exchange is fully prepared to supply boxes and
,the and throw it in paper on
grow sugar away order. Write for price list and terms.
bagasse. Underneath the mill should'be The cabbage crop of Florida will be OFFICERS
-: :-
placed a tight box of a capacity of by far the smallest in years. Indeed, GEO. R. FAIRBANKS, President. D. GREENLEAF, Vice-President.
the 'entire of the State visible at ALBERT M. IV s.Gen'l Mgr. and Treas. M. P. TURNER Secretary.
not less than fifteen to twenty gallons. crop DIRECTORS-Geo. R. Fairbanks, Alachua Co.; E. G. Hill, Bradford Co..; Dr. E. E. Pratt
Over this box and 'under the this time will not, from all accounts, IIfllsboro Co.: John Fabyan! Lake Co.: Hy Crutchor Orange Co.; D. Greenleaf Duval Co.;
directly' than will be J. D. Mead Duval Co.; A. Brady, Brevard Co. F. G. Sampson, Marion Co. ; C. V. Hillyer,
spout of the mill should be metallic more necessary to sup- Marion Co.; John M. llryanJ.Osceola Co.; W. E. Stanton, Putnam Co.; M. S.Moreman St.
ply local wants. It. was generally' Johns Co.; C.F. A. Bielby, Volusia Co.; Irving Keck, Polk Co.
strainer to intercept all broken frag- Address'all correspondence to the Florida Fruit Exchange,Jacksonville, Fla, Stencils,
ments of.. cane, sinc the latter are considered by' the trade in the princi-- with full packing and shipping Instructions furnished on application.
pal markets of the country that the
very objectionable sugar making.On .
the side of this box and at about destruction of the plants by the frosts
and the blizzards would be followedby JOHN CLARK, SON & CO.
three or four inches from the bottom, ,
an inch pipe should be inserted, which replanting. However, not 10 per

leads to the top of the sulphur box. cent of the plants were renewed, be- Grocers and Commission MerchantsDEALERS

In the latter the juice is sulphured.This cause it was regarded as too late to
attempt starting a new crop. A friendof
box may be made in many forms.
The object is to retard the flow of the the writer, just in from an extended Coal Hay Grain Wines Liquors
the State declares that
juice through the box, and during its trip over a .

passage to cause it to absorb as muchof large part of the acreage devoted to Cigars, Tobacco, Etc.
di- cabbage last year has been planted in
the fumes of sulphur (sulphur
oxide) as possible. The object of sul string beans, and says that the public Jo.olcsoiri.vill, F1orida..
will be astonished at the magnitude of
phuring is three-fold : First, it disin-
fects; second, it bleaches; and, third, the bean crop of Florida for 1895, PRICELIST WHISKIES :

it assists in defecation. sulphur which will be going out in car.lots MANONGAIIEIARYL.t. 50 l CABINET BOURBON.... .............. .86 oo ,
By daily to the leading cities. It will, PARKER..... .................. ........... I 75 J. MARTIN RvE.............................. 300
ing, the juice, already acid, becomes ORANGE VALLEy......t..... ............. a: 00 VIRGINIA GLADES.............,........... 4 00
and be treated. with therefore, be seen that very high fig- SPRING VALLEY......... ................. :350 OLD BOURBON.................... ....500
more so, must : BALTIMORE CORN........2o0: KHNTUCKV SOUR MASH................ 5 oo
lime (neutralized before heating to ures are assumed for cabbage duringthe NORTIICAROLINACORN... ............. 150: OLD BAKER......................,........ 500
i conversion of next two months, for Florida's big CLIFTON CLUB............. ............. 300 M ON I ROSE VELVET RYE.................. 600
avoid inversion; i. e., a
'into molasses.) yield.will be missed everywhere. TUGS EXTRA: One gallon 250; two gallon, soc; three gallon, ?5c. Remit by post.office
sugar I. money order, check or registered letter. We cannot ship C. O. D. Remit with order. ,
It is made of thoroughly dried lure A complete price-list of Groceries, and Wine List sent free on application .
b'er and watertight The size of the The "silver tongued orator" is haying -

box will depend largely upon the )less influence with the, farmers now. JOHN CLARK, SON & CO.






d :
-- -


To insure insertion in this column, advertise
BEWARE ments must be accompanied by the money.
For the Week Ending April 15. Advertisements must not exceed fifty words.
of imitation Postage Stamps received in payment.
j With the exception of the retarding influence Insist on trade marks Count every word. ,including name and address.,
of cool nights, the weather condi- and labels.

tions during the week were very favorablefor GIANT CACTUS OF ARIZONA. (Cereus
crop growth. The heavy showers Giganteus). This wonderful plant in its native -
the State desert: grows to a height ot 30 or 40 feet. It
which fell generally throughout
SODA thrives in a climate where the mercury falls
at the close of the previous week, mostly ARft\ AND HAl'1l'1ER twelve degree below freezing in winter, and in
after the reports of corregpondents had summer rises to 120 degrees in the shade, and
been mailed further relieved the drought fix months without rain. Small, fine plants by
mail 50 cents or 3 for $1.00. Henry Gulick, Sr.,
conditions that had prevailed, especially D HA4f4t. Chula Vista, Caluornia. 4-20-3
in the peninsular portion; but in some "
SALE Three Sows, fourteen months old.
In packagesCosts FOR
counties, where the rainfall was light, : Improved Chesters Parents cost $50
crop conditions would be greatly improved '. c when eight weeks old. Also some pigs. A bar-
; by more rain, particularly on high t! gain. !Jr, Fish,Georgiana,Fla. 4202IF

lands. The temperature for the whole no more than inferior package soda- I, ANY ONE who has been benefited by the

State averaged about five degrees below in never spoils the flour, keeps soft, and is universally j, ;. ,t I THE FARMER of Dr William's AND FRUIT Pink GROWER Pills will they write will receIve to-
normal, the deficiency being greatest 1 information that will be of much value and
the southern counties. The rainfall was acknowledged purest in the world. \, interest to them.

deficient. Occasional showers and warmer THE WO.NDfaRHUL PEA. (Hastings) War-
nights during the coming week would Made only by CHURCH & CO., New York. d Genuine. ,Per peck, 75 cents, Per \
bushel, f.o.b. A. Z. ARMOUR Panasoffkee
$3.00, ,
still further improve prospects for fine .. Sold by grocers everywhere. Fla. 4-13-3

crops, which at present are most promis- If Write for Ann and Hammer Book of valuable Recipes-FREE.G WAN n .-Two Thousand Satsuma orange

ing.Western District.-Normal temperature ...e:.. {" a ... S. ..."..a... fe5S fe 5 series, Monticello. Address, Fla.with price., Arcadia 4.6 tf Nur-

and absence of rain were the weather CHINA TREES. have quite a lot of young
r conditions aud they proved most favora- large per cent of those so treated showno dA to sell. 10 cents each or $1 per dozen,
nicely packed,
ble to the farming interests of the western signs of life,while those that were not B M. BOGGESS Fort Ogden, Fla.

counties in the State. The low lands cut are mostly putting out new growth. WANT' TO BORROW $500, for five years on
l i are now in fine condition for plowing and Pineapples in the lower Indian River section KnownEverywhere. my Grove and Poultry Farm. Inter-

'' cultivating. Farmers were engaged gen- are beginning to grow vigorouslyand est paid annually or semi-annually in Jackson-
ville. M. Chesebro, Plummers, Fla.
erally in finishing corn planting. Stands cocoanut trees are showing signs of Sold Everywhere.Grown 3-30-31

I of the earlier planted corn are good. life. Highest temperature, 83; lowest, Everywhere.nR FOR EXCHANGE.for Florida; City teal estate Six in Chatta-in
i Oats are doing well. Peas and new Irish 52; mean, 66; normal, 75. factory nooga part of the property.city. Wilson & Toomer,
potatoes are beginning to appear in the E. R. DEMAIN, &EDS Jacksonville, Fla. 330.3
markets. Larger crops of peaches and Director. FOR HATCHING from imported thoroughbred

pears are promised than for several Jacksonville Fla., April' i6th, 1895. dealer for them. Send for Bronze Turkeys; one dollar for set-
Our Pensacola correspondent reports <- Ferry's Heed Annual for ISUS. '" ting ot'nine eggs. Send money wilh order: No
years. Invaluable to all planters and loversof charge for packing and delivering to Express
that salamanders are cutting off Mr.\ L. C. Hull has propagated a Fine Vegetables and Beautiful Agent here. Address H Erwin, Pomona, Fla.
fj the roots of young trees in piny woods variety of strawberry from the Hoff- Flowers. Write for it-Free. 3-23-10

]lands', pecan trees being especially sub- man and Collier varieties, which has r D. M.Detroit FERRY, Sllch.! CO., WANTED TO EXCHANGE. Twenty acres o I,
Land for small the
a place on
ject to their ravages. Highest tempera- proven a great success, both in pointof Halifax River. T. K. Godbey, Waldo, Fla.
* tore, 81; lowest, 50; average, 66; normal, '
farm in
productiveness and excellence of WANTED-To exchange a 350 acre
r 67 degrees. ., Fla for an orange grove.
Central District.-Heavy rains on the taste. On one plant Mr. Hull counted Address, W. Thomas, Valdosta, Ga. 3-16-4 ,

7th and 8th, and light local showers 100 berries besides a wealth of bloom, CHOICE Orange and Lemon Trees and 'Bud--
since, have improved field and 'vegetablecrops and he is convinced that his new berry for sale. Address, I. H. Cammack, I
much and greatly encouraged 1 Whittier California. 3i6tf.OH
will superior to of the varieties -
farmers. Excepting too cool nights, all prove many $150 CASH, will buy 20 acres number i
conditions have been very favorable. Amurh now'grown. These experimentsare \SU one strawberry land with a two- ,
room cottage in St.Thomas, Fla., for an actual
larger acreage-of 'diversified crops often productive of good results settle r. This offer open for a short time only. I s
than usual has beenplanted and present and it is gratifying to know that Mr. J,S. Mills.EGGS.

prospects indicate that the resultof Hull has set the pace and met with LJ JLLLL FOR HATCHING, of fifteen varieties.
the departure from former customs I Albert Fries, St. Nicholas. 3-23-3
will prove most satisfactory to growers. success. It is not at all necessary that A NEW TALKING MACHINE "

Shipments of beans from Sumter and our fruit and vegetable growers and Is the latest invention, and It differs from the LEGHORNS! LANGSHANSI! MINORCASI!
stock for sale for
counties made this week and small farmers should ideas ard phonograph In this;instead of merely:repeat cheap.Agent
Lake import new ing what Is said to it, this machine takes both Smith & Romaine's boiled beef and bone, $2.25 ,
I" shipments from other counties are re- methods. They should originate sides of the fence question. It eive.3 straight per 100 IDS. Island Poultry Yard, C. H. Jacques, ,
i ported. Watermelons are making vines wire a fair show against coiled springs, Prop., Fernandina Fla. 3-30-2 ;

rapidly and promise a large crop and them.-Starke Telegraph. convinces contraction the most must skeptical be provided that expansionand for, and BUDWOOD-Parson, Brown ten dollars per
Maltese and Hart'sTardiff
earlier than was expected a few weeks nothing but abundant elasticity will do it. Oranges and Lisbon Lemons Straight seven fifty
since. Oats are growing rapidly. Irish $ Send for particulars. per thousand. Address J. W. Waite, P. O. Box
potatoes are doing well. Gardens are im Produce Sold PAGE WOVEN WIRE FENCE CO.,Adrian,Mich. 809 San Diego, California. 3-2-4

proving. Shipments of vegetables in car- TO MAKE HENS LAY-There is nothing like
load lots will soon begin. Recent rains >Quick and paid for quick,is the way our ship BowKer's Animal Meal. 40 tons sold'in Flor-
have beans and potatoes in such a .pers of Fruits and Vegetables like it; and ida last year. Hundreds of testimonials. For
put 'our 40 years'experience without defaulting i i iI THE TROPICAL TRUNK LINE, particulars, write E. W. Amsden, Ormond, Fla.'
forward condition that a good crop is now I dollar is puarauty both of ability and staMl I io-i3-tf .
of ity. Any bank ,nr m erchant using mercantile _
assured though a season dry
11 even >reports can tell our standing. ( JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA.FLOB1DA. BROWN LEGHORN EGGS for HATCHING.
weather should pet in. Highest temperature As we never buy, wo never have goods ot: of the best. $i for 13. R. Puddy,
84; lowest, 50; mean, 68; normal, 73. our own for the best prices, leaving that o; Lawtfy Fla. Barred Plymouth Rock eggs for"
for second We want
growers more hatching. 1-5-20
Northern District-The light showersat consignments for increasing trade. AFTER _
the close of last week were general and )INQUIRING AS! TO OUR STANDING LIGHT BRAHMA: D. B. Plymouth Rock and
Turkey Eggs for hatching, doz-
together with the light local showers on NOTHING, AND YOU MAY LIKE: oui. en to suit the times. C. Gomperts, Lady Lake, '
Saturday, the 13th, improved the general I METHODS BEST. Florida. 2 2-16
condition of Although the rainfall Letters answered promptly. Stencils aril LANDS Agent's profits per month. Will .
crops. cards free. Send your name for our littlebook .
,, in this district has been lighter, than ( about marketing Fruit Vegetables r S 5 2 5 prove ticles it just or out.pay forfeit.A $1.50 New sample Ar- I

in other sections, the farmers and vege- and terms free. Try us. CHIDES-
table growers were greatly encouragedby French & C.,. TER & SON, 28 Bond St., N. Y. I

the timely showers. Crops, especially 4 116 Warren St. New York. ORANGES TMLGHMAN'S CONDITION POWDERS FOR 11
on high lands, would be improved by A All Stock-Guaranted to make them eat and
rain though as yet nothing is suffering ,, crow fat. Sample package by mail, thirty-five J
cents. W. G. Tilghman, Palatka, Fla. 1
much from lack of it. The cool nights RESORTS' 12610UOR

and brisk winds were not favorable. SALE for cashtime or trade,orange groves,
General farm work .progressed quite sat- FLORIDA REM ESTATEWanted fruit and timber lands. E. RTJMLEY, Keuka,
isfactorily during the week.. Peach and Fla. 3-n-i6t I

; pear prospects continue good. Some vegetables in Exchange for Unencum- INVESTMENTS FOR EXCHANGE-Summer and, winter hotel
North Carolina mountains. Owner must
r will he shipped this week. Strawberries -
{ live in Florida. Wants good orange grove. W.
continue to yield pretty well. B. Clarkson, Jacksonville, Fla. 9-is-tl
la Highest temperature, 84; lowest, 47;
ANEW deal on wire netting. Prices cut in
i mean, 66; normal, 68. DEVELOPMENTS ." We pay freight. Write for our latest
i1 Southern District.-A splendid week price-list. E. W Amsden Ormond, Fla. tf

for orange trees and vegetables. Heavy at $100 Each. THE LAKELAND NURSERIES-Have for sale

:; showers on the 8th were very beneficial. 127 ooo citrus trees on sour orange,grapefruitand
; Orange trees are reported in full bloom in ATTRACTIONSADDRESS rough lemon roots of the following varieties:
the trees have set fruit in Hear Station Marsh Seedless Pomelo, Thompson Pomelo, Au-
and and
t Manatee, Bathing Beach rantium Pomelo, Boone's Early. Parson Brown,
t Leo county. Our Myers reporter states Hart's Tardiff Dancy Tangerine Satsuma.Kum-
that it has been quite satisfactorily demonstrated quat, King and Maltese Blood Orange, and Villa .
in that section that the cutting G. n.Gan.. ACI ERLY I Franca and Belair Premium Lemon, Tahiti Seed-
i CHAPIN FARM AGENCY less Limes. A specialty of the Marsh Seedless
off of orange trees immediately after the Grape-fruit. C. M, Marsh, Lakeland, Polk Co.,
I freeze was not the proper course, as a 3-23-tf St. Augustine, Fla. : Passenger: : AQ:1: Fla. 1117.20


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\ SAVANNAH LINETO The Clyde Steamship Co.


48 to 55 hours between Savannah, New York and Philadelphia, and FUORiDB

65 to 70 hours between Savannah and Boston. The magnificent -Steamships of this Line are appointed -

to sail as follows., calling at Charleston, S. C.,


From New York. From Jacksonville
(Pier E. R.) STEAMER Florida.
.G. M. SORREJ:.." a.I:1a.ter.: : ; 29
Wednesday, Mar. 27th,at 3 p m........ "CHEROKEE".Tuesday. April 2d. atio-ooam:
Friday 29thatgpm..ALGONQUIN".Thursday, 4th. at 12:30: pm
Tuesday, April 2d, atgpm.SEMINOLE" .........Sunday, 7th, at 2:00pm:
Friday 5th at 3 p m. .. ....."IROQUOIS"!' ........Thuthday; nth at 6ooam14th
Monday 8th, at 3 pm."CHHROKI<;It"..... .. Sunday, at 8 oo am
Wednesday, u loth, at 3 p m........."ALGONQUIN". ......Tuesday, 16th, at 10:00: a m
Friday, 12th, at 3 pm........."SEMINOLE".Thursday, II iSth at 12.oo n'n
Tuesday, 16th, at 3 p m.......... "IROQUOIS". ........Sunday, 21st, at 2.oopm
II ....... ...... "
Friday, igth, at 3 p m. "CHEROKEW' .Thursday, 25that 4:30am:
yKb ij 4MF3r Mondav.u lid atgpm..ALGONQUIN".Sunday, 'F. aSth, at 6:30: a m
Wednesday, ii 24th, atspm........ "SEMINOLE" .. .....Tuesday, 30th.at 8.30am
u 26th, atspm...... ... "IROQUOIS" ........Thursday, May 2d, at nooam:
Tuesday, 30th,at 3 pm........ ...CIIEkOKEE".Sunday, II 5th, at i.sopm

t For New York Direct.

Philadelphia and Jacksonville Line.

Weekly service between Jacksonville and Philadelphia, calling at Charleston, S. C., south
bound. The fast freight Steamships_ ""Oneida" and "Winyah" are appointed to sail as follows -
rPaaAage From Philadelphia: STEAMSHIPS: From Jacksonville Direct :

Ha.te. Saturday, March soth.......................ONEIDA... .,.. ........... ...Friday, April 5th
: 1 Saturday, April 6th..................... WINYAH....... ................Friday, April 12th
and New York First-class Intermediate Excursion, 843.30 Saturday, April 13th............. ........ONEIDA......................to Friday, April iQth
Between Jacksonville : $25.00; $19.00; ; Saturday, April 2oth............... ... WINYAH... ..................Friday, April 26th
Steerage, $12.50. Saturday, April 27th....... ..............ONEIDA................... .....Friday, May 3d
Jacksonville and Boston or Philadelphia: Cabin, $27.00; Intermediate, 21.00: ;; Excursion, $47.30 ;
Steerage, $14.25. The magnificent Steamships of this Company are appointed to sail as follows:

(Central or 900 Meridian Time.)

March 24, 4.00 a.m.
City of Augusta............. .............. ........... .. ....Tuesday March 26, 5.30 p. m.
Kansas ....'..Friday, March 29 7 00 a. m. For Sanford, Enterprise and Intermediate Points on
Nacoocheo........... ....... ..... .........Sunday, Match 31, 8 00 a. m.
the St. Johns River.The
'City of Birmingham.;. :......... ...TuesdayApril 2, 10::30 a. m. .
City of April 5, 2.oo p. m.
Kansas April 7, 4.00 a. m.
Tallahassee................. .......Tuesday, April 9, 5.30 p. m. elegant iron side-wheel steamers
City of Birmingham April 12, 7,30a.m.
City of Augusta........................................... ............Sunday, April 14, 9.00 a. m. ** OLty of Jaol oriwille !"!
Kansas City...Tuesday, April 10, 1i.ooa.m. : ,
Tallahassee....... .... ........ ..'.Friday, April 19, 2.00 p. m. Capt. W. A. SHAW,
,.. .. Sunday, April 21, a. m.
City of Birmingham. : 3.oo
City of Augsta....... ............................TuesdayApril23, '4.30pm. Is appointed to sail from Jacksonville Sundays, Tuesdays and Fridays at 3:30: p. m.,
Kansas April 26, 6.ooa.m. and returning leave Sanford Mondays, Wednesdays and Saturdays at 9 a. m.
Tallahassee............... ......... ........ .... .....Sunday, April 28, 700a. m.
City of Birmingham .,.: .............Tuesday, April 30, 9.00 a. m.

City of Macon .-..,.. ...........Thursday, March 28, 6.30 p. m.oop.m. Read down. Read up.
Gate April 4, i. Leave g.3o p. m. .......... ...... ...... Jacksonville ................... .... Arrive 3.30 a. m.
CltyoflIacon.......... .... .......... .... ........ ....... ......Thursday, April II, 6.30 p. m. II 8.45 p. m ... ......................Palatka. ............ ...... ...... Leave 9.00 P. m.
Gate April J8I.oop.m.CIty ,. 3.Q a. m. ............ .......... Astor. .............. ...... ..... "3.00 P. m.
of Macon.Thursday, April 25, 5.30 p. m .s 4.30 a. m. ......................St "' i" 1.30 p. m.
u 5.30a. m. ...... ..... ...... ...... Berestorc.................. ...... &I 12.00 noonArrive
FROM SAVANNAH TO PHILADELPHIA.These 8.30a. m. ...... .......... ... .....Sauford. .............. ...... 9.ooa. m.
9.25a. m. .................... .... Enterptfse............ .... .... II 9.30a. m.
( Ships do NOT Carry Passengers.)

Elihu .Wed'day, March 27, 6.00 a. m.DflHBouer .
April 3, 11.30 a. m.
Ellhu! Thompson;........._......-..-...-......... Wed'day, April 10, 6.00 a. m. General Passenger and Ticket Office, 204 West Bay St., Jacksonville
Dnaaouer...........Wed'day, April 17, 12.00 noon
Ellhu Thompson. April 24, 5.00 p. m. A. J. COLE, Passenger Agent 5 Bowling Green, New York.
M. H. CLYDE, Assistant Traffic Manager, 5 Bow ing Green, New York.D. .
THESE P PALACE STEAMERS D. C. MINK General Freight Agent. 12 io. Delaware avenue, Philadelphia, Pa.
THEO. G. EGER, Traffic Manager, 5 Bowling Gieen, New York.
Connect at Savannah with Central Railroad of Georgia. Savannah Florida & Western Railway, F. M. IRONMONGER, Jr., Florida Passenger Agent, 204 West Bay St., Jacksonville, Fla
Florida Central & Peninsular Railroad. JOHN L., HOWARD, Florida Freight Agent, foot Hogan Street, Jacksonville, Fla.
Through Bills of Lading, Tickets and Baggage Checks to all points North and East. See your J. A. LESLIE, Superintendent, foot Hogan Street,Jacksonville Fla.WM. .
nearest ticket agent or write for Freight or Passage to
J. P. BECKWITH, G. F. & P. Agent, New Pier 35 N. R., New York. P. CLYDE & CO., Gen'l Agents,

R. I,. WALKER Agent, C. G. ANDERSON Savannah Agent 12 South Delaware Avenue, Philadelphia. 5 Howling Green New York. .
Building G .
New Pier No.35, North River J.New York. City Exchange *
RICHARDSON & BARNARD, Agents, Lewis' Wharf, Boston
W. I;.JAMES, Agent, 13 S. Third Street Philadelphia. -
W. H. RHETT, Gen'l Agt. C. R. R., 317 Broadway, New York.J. W. A. BOURS. ESTABLISHED 1875. J. B. BOURS.
.D. HASHAGEN, Eastern Agent. Sav., Fla. &Western Ry. Co., 261 Broadway N. Y.
J.I,. ADAMS, Gen'l East. Agt. F. C. & P. R. R., A. DeW. SAMPSON, General Agent WILLIAM A. BOURS & CO.
153 Broadway, New York. 306 Washington St., Boston.W. ,
J. FARRELL, Soliciting Agent. W. E. ARNOLD. Gen. Trav. Pass. Agt.,
WALTER; HAWKINS, Fla. Pass. Agent,
New Office, 224 West Bay Street, Jacksonville. Grain Garden Seeds and Fertilizers

300 Acres In Nursery. One Acre Under Glass. Thirty-Seventh Year.SPECIAI.I'IES ,,


Specially adapted to Florida and sub-tropical countries. We Handle Only the Best and Most Reliable Seeds. A Comple Stock of
F R U I T T R E E S Peach Oriental Plums and Pears, Japan Persimmons,

Strawberries, Guavas, Giant Loquat etc" etc. Rare Conifers and Broad-leaved Evergreens, Camel Bran Wheat
Corn Oats Flour Grits Meal
lias.Azaleas 50,000 Palms, 20,000 Camphor Trees, Hedge Plants Open Ground Grown Roses. The Hay, ,
Green House Bepartment is complete in plants of every class suited to Southern Horticulture. Cat-

alogues No free.Agents.Address p. J. BERCKMANS, Fruitland Nurseries, Augusta, Ga. Cotton Seed.Meal. Both Bright and Dark.

12 Trial Pks 5ets.

rngeri-Illen Fertilizer Co. J NITRATE SODA
j To any farmers In the United States or Canada who are ,
not acquainted with the extra reputation MarbleheadSeed\ *
have honestly won for purity and reliability, we will send a Star Brand Fertilizers HJP MURIATE OF POTASH
/ sample package (a little below ordinary size)of each of the ,
following choice varieties, nil of our own raising, for 15
/ cents, which will but little more than pay for the cost of putting GUARANTEED ANALYSIS. 9& SULPHATE POTASH
mailing: Jrosijy'a Early Beet, White Spine: Cucumber, -
Ur.and and Hard hearting Cabbages, Danver Carrot Thick-
: : \
. leaved Dandefonlte4 and Yellow Danver Onion, Dutch Parsnip, Orange Tree and \Vegetable r KAINIT Etc.

e Comrade Tomato, Sugar Pumpkin, Lackey's Corn. Catalogue FERTILIZER.These .
Home Grown Seed, Free! Fertilizers have no superior in the market,and a trial will convince.
J, J. H. GREGORY & CO., Marblehead, Mass. Send for Catalogue,free. '



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How are you going to dispose of your vegetables, etc., this Spring and we get you larger returns is is probable, that, if you are not already a patron

Summer ? of our brands of fertilizers, you will be another season. We have obtained

Hive you tried our New York house yet in order to determine whether larger returns for others. We can do it for you.

a company who is interested in securing high prices for your products can Obtaining higher prices for your crops will increase our fertilizer busi-

actually secure you larger returns ? ness in Florida and that is what we are working for. Write to us at No. i,

Try us with a shipment at the same time you ship to some one else. If Broadway, New York, for stencil.



,.,',"''.',. ""<..:. -- .
Then write to us for information about using our newly improved Insecticide Our Lime Decidedly the Handsomest Paying Investment

j'' and Fertilizer Lime." If applied fresh it will destroy every insect in that can Possibly be Made-Without it Inferior

,your. garden. It is indispenseable where Bugs attack Tomato Plants, Water- Crops With it Perfect Growth and Fruitage.From .

melons, Beans, Cabbage, Strawberries, etc., etc.
[ Arcadia, Fla.]
:, Read what our customers say:
The Paine Fertilizer Co.,Jacksonville, Fla.:
Not Only Destroys Cut Worms and Other Insects, But is aGrood .
'; GENTLEMEN-I have read with, much interest Prof. Pratt's analysis of ,
Fertilizer-200 Crates Tomatoes to the Acre.
in and Fruit of the inst. I
\ your Lime reported the Farmer Grower 9th pur-

.-::\ [From Winter Haven, Fla."| chased two tons of you about three months ago and sowed it broadcast over
% J
f. The Paine Fertilizer Co., Jacksonville, Fla.: two acres of newly cleared up bay-head land. I have now growing'over 4,000 '

j DEAR SIRS-I have used one ton of your Insecticide and Fertilizer Lime cabbages, 1,500 tomato plants, several hundred egg plants, beets, lettuce,

f: experimenting with it, and I take pleasure in testifying that it not only destroys cauliflower and onions, all doing remarkably well, all of which I attribute to

I Cut Worms and other insects which destroy vegetable plants, but that the use of your Insecticide and Fertilizer Lime. Less than four months ago

[ it is a good fertilizer for Florida soil. I also applied it to my lemon trees with this was a wet swampy bay-head. I have four acres now to clear up and

the desired effect. I use 600 pounds of fertilizer and 700 pounds of lime per shall use a ton to an acre. Yours truly,

I acre on my tomatoes, and I will get 200 crates to the acre where I used this JNO. CROSS.

lime. I am going to use 1,000 pounds to the acre next season on all lands Write for our complete I. & F. Lime. pamphlet, with various opinions

!f that I cultivate. Yours very respectfully, from all sections of the State. This insecticide will save your strawberry
I:, 0 C. A. McCoLLUM. : plants it used during the summer.

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: ''''' :.., T1O and 712'East Bay St., Jacksonville, Florida :
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I :! 1 '. ', And for all information about selling your fruit and vegetable crops, to "
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i ; S : No.1" Broadway New York, N. y. \ !'. t

1 Ii! !t' S ; Get our latest'prices on all agricultural chemicals before purchasing elsewhere. We undersell all competitors. Our facilities enable us to' do this

easily, and, as a rule, to give better and higher class grades of materials. .
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