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UFPKY NEH LSTA SLAF



Florida farmer & fruit grower
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Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055765/00324
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: S. Powers
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: April 6, 1895
Frequency: weekly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note: Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038466
oclc - 01387403
notis - AKM6256
lccn - sn 95026761
System ID: UF00055765:00324
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen

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\TVMXOH is INCORPORATED .. THE F.I.tORIDA: DISIPA''OI3."

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8. Powers, Publisher Proprietor. JACKSONVILLE FLA., APRIL 13, 1895. Whole No., 1360 V'ol NEW: oI I SERIES, No. 1 G

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W. C. WII.r. ESTABLISHED 1876. A. F. JON1 S. e
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flalaria Have You Any of These ?

. Or any type, form or variety of Malaria, Chills,
WILL & JONES Produces Fever, Ague, Dengue, or LaGrippe. If so

,.
Weakness Wintersmith'sDebility


58& & 60 WEST MARKET ST. 119 A 123 MICHIGAN ST., Debility Tonic


BUFFALO N. Y. Indigestion Which for 30 years has been the leading mala-

rial remedy, and, being tried and true, sells


WHOLESALE FRUITS AND VEGETABLES.Correspondence Billiousnesson, Will its merits Make, You Well.


Constipation ARTHUR PETER&CO., Wholesale Agts.,Louisville Ky.

invited and stencils'' furnished on application Reliable agents, wanted at ""vy
all principal shipping points, -
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!tl,.MF,1., '-' :-mist t"Nk-. Bank of r Jacksonville: .-.RnFnRnNCItS Fla,'!'Bi(ComttierceBuffalo:- i'J.l\'Y!\ :;: D.. ..'srand,. Bradstreets : ; ,F R : PRIZES
. .,. "' ." '. FOR CORN1.
-. Agencies.. .'. ,: ,: _- .' ,* :" ; '. f- "'>.:; : '- : '' :'<* > / .; : : : <


,rA Everything for Florida Established 1883. '
v Ii/Or1MtNl a encourage all In the Cotton States and Territories to
1 better corn.' Indirectly It means money for us If
AC To everyone Interested in plants, our SOUTHERNFOR we are going: to give Dec. 1, or near that time, these
n NEW CATALOGUE for 1895 every one of seventeen states.

. 0 1 will be found invaluable 64:pages; illustrated, described and priced. Send THE DOZEN BEST EARS OF
71 for it. It's free. Although the recent cold hurt much of/ our outside stock, CORN CROWN ON A SINGLE ACRE.
we are able to fill orders for almost everything catalogued excepting Citrus
oo.a. FIRST RIZ12-Oiie Avery "Full Crop" Two-lTor
'" ,oA A Specially fine line of Economic and Ornamental Plants FARMERS Corn Planter, with Check Rower,value >1$5O.OO(
SECOND JUZJ-Oite Ave..y"Invlnclble" Sulky flow,
11EASONEU' BROS., Oiieco, Fla. value $47.50'
TIHItl PRIZE-One Avery Combined Riding and
AValklnir Cultivator, value IW45.OO
COMPLETE, FOUlt'I.'JlI-ICIZE. One Avery"Louisville"Double-edge
haT7 SPIU\YIOOG OUTIFHT EXPRESS $5.50'I Corn and Cotton Stalk Cutler, value $4O.OO
PAID, FORAutomatic FIFTH PKIZE-One Avery "LouisCotton clean
and Pea Planter, value $14.OO
:/ ?*._.,. .:: ...;',. ) Mixer Endorsed Barrel theleudingEntomoljUUU Attachment.nnninuea You compete with growers In your own state only. The states: (1)(I) Alabama ((2)) Arkansas, ((3)) Florida,
III 1/..; 'lft.J' 60 III ( by U.H. A valuable ill us ((4)) Georgia., ((5)) Indian Territory, ((0)) Kentucky, ((7)) jLouislana, ((8)) Maryland (II) Mississippi ((10))Missouri,
..' = legists of the (11)) North Carolina ((12)) Oklahoma, ((13)) South arOllna, (III) Tennessee ((15))Texas ((10)) Virginia, (17)( )West
each
DE MAKES: 3 COMPLETE: : trated Book (worth$3.00)) given to purchase! Virginia. The competition will be fair and free; no entry tee HiiltMcrliitloa or anything else
J. Satisfaction unl'nnte'd! l, or 1lfoneyRefunded111.CatalogueandTrentiMe card with town,State or Territory plainly written and we will
I I fQ ;:I.;' i;;" ih.C;5'r !.: {j) on rayingFree required. Send us a postal your name of
I send you a froe record blank with brief rules and full descriptive circulars the prize' Implements.
BRASS MACHINES OurAgcntsnromakn! J iS; to $20Jcrday.
1cA -:- ==:::: ,[;) find P. C.LEWISMF C.CO., Planters, Louisville K
WILUSPRAY:l ACRES- :- PER: DAY i'or termsaddl't particulars Dux 73 'Catskill,N.Y. B. F. AVERY ft SONSCultivatorsHarroweforEvery Soil and Crop, ,_ 'f.



I 'MAKE HAY AND FORAGE. READ! READ!S READ!S S


TEOSINTE. Packet 10 cents i ounce 15 cents; pound $1.50, postpaid. -WRITE TO THE -
PEARL MILLET. Pound 35 cents;4 pounds $1.25 postpaid. 10 pound lots or above by express -

KAFFIR or freight CORN not prepaid AND BRANCHING 20 cents per pound.SORGHUM. Pound 30 cents; 4 pounds, $1.00 postpaid;

10 pound lots or above not prepaid 15 cents per pound. L L. B. Fertilizer Co.
EARLY ORANGE'AND EARLY AMBER SORGHUM. Pound 25 cents; 4 pounds 90 cents Darling
above not prepaid 12 cents per pound.PANISIfpPEANUTS. .
cents bushel, $2.50 not prepaidCatalogue ; ,
Pound,postpaid, 30 cents; peck 75 ;

H. G. HASTINGS & CO., S&:L.rDt9MLr1:: .
,.. JACKSONVILLE FLORIDA
free. I nter lachen, Florida. ,

If you are in need of any Fertilizer or Fertilizer Material, and get their '

SATS UMA! TRI ED UATA Special Low Prices for Cash with Order.

5 with the and,hardy satsuma ,
experience earlY prouucuv" orangf
(4.a.1. i abcr s uew uuWffie-19seuui/ ;years' .
and the vigorous;: Citrus trifoliate,which! without protection, stands the winters,as far north as Washington,uninored) ) nON': MISSi

nfl4N GE t PHMFI rITRLIS FRUITS This opportunity of a lifetime to obtain Fertilizers at about cost.to the manufacturer.
.
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1 ElorlUa South, of 26 West St. river front bet. Main and Sts,
Rear
III variety, 011 both orange and truohata stocks. Over 300 varieties oiiercU for and Lower ornamentals Office and Warehouse Bay ,on midway Laura
pranes.a ricots.olives,mulberries, ,almonds Janan walnuts Tapan chestnuts,kumquats,
f \ M .Send for Pocket Memoranda Uook.
f p..t U S.PEARS.KAKLxtensive :

enmentachurUs and gro..u,.maintained' lor"m purpose at ....u''Io... An Immense stock of
varieties "pa\
to eCHES" \
been aleadlng feature of the business for thirteen years,and has amply repaid the outlay in the information ded "
by results obtained In our own rose gardens,we have selected and offer.as espcclallvwell adapted to the climate of this rl'P'lon.dsngY't.RJ.loItt W E H A V E HEALTHY POT-GROWN Guavas, Eugenlas,

6 1 ;; S' Camphors, Palms, Gardenias, Olea Fragrans, 1
accurate, Magnolia Fuscata, and thousands of other
Full and correct clescripuonsi Xo
free
1 -book and Send to desirable trees and shrubs adapted to all parts of Florida. Write
: artistic illustrations recent results with leading sorts j latest practice best methods in culture and management plants,
O. I,. TABER. Glen Marv. Fla. for new edition (enlarged and rewritten throw ''the Cntalomle of MsGLENSIMARY for our prices. "
P. J. JtEKCIOIANSFRUITLAIVD j
;
NURSERIES, Augusta, Georgin.g .

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INDIAN BRANDS-These fertilizers contain the elements of plant life in their natural state just as

{ ; the nice hand of Nature has manufactured them from the plants themselves, not combined artificially -

\... with dangerous acids and alkalies. They produce good immediate results, and at the ,same time

\ ; are a source of future available fertility to the soil. They are compounded according to formulas.approved -

by the experience and observation of twenty years. ,

6 -....-.. ... J .
HIGH GRADE COMPLETE .
ORANGE TREE
j -.,_. .. Fruit and Vine Fertilizer. MANURE. Garden Truck Fertilizer.' 4+ ,. '.:
=:z::.,, Per cent. Per cent. Per cent. .
-, Ammonia....... .. .................... gto 4 Ammonia........ .... ...t.......... ...... 5 to 6 Ammonia. ............ ..... ........ 4.50 to 5.25
\k .t. --a Avail. Phos. Acid............ ........... 6 to 8 Avail. Phos. Acid..:... .... ........... .. 7 to 9 Available Phosphoric Acid..... .... 8.25 to
,.. Acid Soluble Phos. Acid...... ........... 2t0 3 Acid Soluble Phos. Acid..... ... .... ....' 2t0 3 Insoluble Phosphoric Acid......... too to 9.00 2.50
+ fp (t.IJI Total Pho*. Acid........... .............. 8 to 10 Total Phos. Acid ..... .. .......... '10 to 12 Total Phosphoric Acid............., 9.00 to xx.oo
,v% .1.+ "' Actual Potash... ...... .... ............ 10 to 12 Actual Potash........ ....... .......... 3 to4S Potash(actual) ..... .. ...... .... 6.50 to 7.5 .
'iFF "l .
+
FINE GROUND BONE

:. Pure 4 Ammonia..... ..... 4t05 per ct. | Phosphoric Acid...... .. .... 20 to 21 per ct. | Equal to Bone Phosphate..... 44 t04 per ct.


i flatter Animal FertiHzers. IMPERIAL PLOWS, HARROWS AND CULTIVATORS. .


Made of the best material by skilled mechanics, according to the'
.
IMPERIAL latest approved designs. The most economical, because the strongest .

and most durable. : "'.,
Spring&::Tooth Lever Cultivator. >. : : :

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PRICE, 7 Teeth, 800. .,; ;' I '. :\ .'."..

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This implement is very popular in all fruit-growing districts ; apple, peach, orange' groves;' <" r '. .... .j s hi'..
tobacco and corn culture and for truck farming has no equal. ,Made with seven or eight spring J-jg&? ;.. IMPERIAL PLOWS. 7!'::1:ijffN
teeth. Easily adjusted for depth with lever from rear. Unloads trash readily ; stirs and pulverize w ;
*the ground thoroughly. Made of steel and malleable. iron; finished nicely, and bound to give ; to. ;Chilled. weight 80 Ibs........ .$9.00 I No. 9. Chilled, weight 65 Ibs.....:.;.....$ ; :'it ":?i
satisfaction. wherever' used.. Adjusted for depth. -.' .'..:.,:. No. 8.:' "' 50 lbs..r:..; 6.oo ,I .No. 5. 46 lbs...........: 5.00.
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',The teeth 8J inches long and f6' inch square, are fastened to the cross bars by clamps, and
can be raised or lowered to any degree of cut, or taken out for resharpening. The cross bars are
U" shaped the lightest and strongest shape known fora harrow bar, and are highly carbonizedto
add stiffness and prevent bending or getting out of shape. A forward movement of the handle
throws,the teeth into a horizontal position, allowing,the rubbish to escape. Brackets attached
1 each corner turn down when the teeth" are out of the grouud and make transportation .over uu-
+ plowed ground easy. Three feet nine inch sections, four bars each.
L 4_ One section, 24 teeth, fi inch, cuts 3 feet 9 inches....! ........ ........$ 8.00.
-- L Two sections, 48 teeth, f'' inch cuts 7 feet 6 inches..... .....%.. ....... 15.00.
..v _i -- ,,,..._ These prices include draw bars. I

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Bend for complete catalogue and price lists of Fertilizers/Agricultural ImplementsPump*,
\ .rR I Hose, Pine Apple, Tomato and Berry Crates, etc. "r..:'i'I": '.

:&. :B.A.N": : .....j... ;,,

IMPERIAL STEEL U BAR LEVER HARROW. aOksonvi11e, : L 1A. ;

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TO THE ORANGE GROWERS OF FLORIDA. .



Having been practical orange growers for a number of years, also in the business of manufacturing Insecticides and using them ourselves

for the last ten years, we speak from experience when we make the following statement: .

That SULPHUR SOLUTION INSECTICIDE is by far the cheapest and best preparation yet offered to the orange grower. ,
'
It has never. yet.been Adulterated or Diluted in any form whatever in order to. Lower the Price,:'as .,."', ',:'


other Insecticides have been throughout the State, "

But is always uniform in strength and can be depended on to accomplish purpose for which it was made. It can be sprayed I on.. ," \ .

the trees, at any stage of growth, without injury to them or the persons using it.

As sulphur will not kill all insects affecting the orange tree, we. have perfected another insecticide, known as'Tar Emulsion: which'is

very effective in destroying Aleyrodes Citri (commonly I known as the White .Fly), also the Red Spider (not the Spotted mite or Yellow,.. '

Spider), and used in combination with Sulphur Solution it will give better results than any insecticide ever used. :' tt," .. '- .

We have tested it thoroughly the past two years ourselves, and know whereof we speak. \r'..;>w,,:". .:.''5."

These insecticides have been used by some of the largest orange growers in the State and have given perfect satisfaction. .'.?. "' : _

References and general directions for using furnished on application. : f.

Write for Price-List. ..x.'\. I


McMASTER & MILLER ; :. .

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o San Mateo Fla

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FLORIDA FARMER FRUIT-GROWER. 'i



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Grove Orchard. certain to do that every year. Thereare I flocking in, hotels were going up and do in this line and see if we cannot, :
& hundreds of groves which this year life was getting more pleasant to our produce a new fig, so that we can say !I
........ will not yield their owners one single pioneers, but work went on all the that: we have one really good fig in ;
Trifoliata. dollar of income-as orange groves.Is same. Florida, for my experience with that i
Hardiness of the there any other branch of agri- In 1878 the oranges were sold to fruit does not warrant me in saying |II ;
In conversation. with Mr. Geo. L. cultural or horticultural industry in; Henry Lilienthal for $360 on the know of one that is 'a success here in .
Taber, of Glen St. Mary, he stated to the world of which this can be affirmed trees.; In 1879 they brought $1,200.In South Florida. I
us that young orange trees budded on ? Certainly there are. The far- 1880 the fruit was divided; T. A. Plant also the date; buy it by the
trifoliata stocks perished alike with all mers of India ana of Russia, the far- Capwell bought' part and Cook & Ot- pound and plant all the seed. It may
others in the February freeze. That mers of Nebraska and of.the San Joa- terson the remainder, the whole bring- fruit at some date, if it 'does not it
is, they died down to the surface of quin valley of California in years of ing $1,740. In 1881 the grove produced will pay you as a wind-break. I
the ground banked up around them. drouth, furnish numerous instances 810 boxes of choice fruit which have it and the cabbage palm planted,
He makes a practice of running a fur- a complete failure of crops. sold for, $1,900.46. In 1882 600 at every fence post. After a time the
row on each side of his nursery rows Shakespeare says: "They say, best boxes were shipped, the remainderwas effect produced will be tropical indeed.
in the.fall, throwing the earth toward men are moulded out of faults.." As sold to Beach & Miller, the whole I have an isolated,,tree budded to sev-
the trees and covering the bud a few an orange-growing country Floridahas bringing $2,072.75. In 1883 there eral of the best'thornless oranges. I
inches above junction. As above a serious fault, its liability to frosts were 1,265 boxes, which brought I propose to plant the seed of these and
noted,''t the buds on the trifoliata stock It has other faults and taken In boxes if I bet-
yet, as a $2,805.38. 1884 2,264 see can help to'get something
were frozen to the ground, but there whole, with its nearness,to market, the brought 261275.; ter than we have now. Go and do
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the frost stopped, while'with those on race who inhabit it, its government and In the winter of 1885-6 nearly all likewise. '
sweet stocks it killed them down into institutions, it is the best orange coun- the fruit was more or less injured by I will be obliged to any one who
the ground, so that many of them per- try in this hemisphere. Still there is the "great freeze;" so that less than will put me in the way to get the palm
ished below the bud. As a result of no doubt that the grower who has no $1,000 was realized. But the next known as Elephant palm, known alsoas
this he ,now has about 30,000 buds on have the recovered their
bank account ought to a reserve year trees vigor vegetable ivory.I .
trifoliata stock growing vigorously with fund in the shape of farm land of gen- and yielded over 2,000 boxes. Here have tried about all the,oriental
hardly a break in the rows, while the eral utility. The following history is the record ends, but the trees had at- pears I can hear of, and after three
buds on sweet stock will have to be a notable- instance of the success of tained sufficient age and vigor to be years growing the Kieffer blights very

mostly renewed. orange culture,despite repeated freezes, practically out of danger. Even the badly, so,much so that out of fifty onlya
-- on a grove having'this most necessary disaster of '71 could have been measurably few are left. Neither is the fruit so
i
Restoring the Trees. addendum: averted, doubtless, if the good as the LeConte or the Smith.I .
Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower J In 1869 Messrs. Burton and Har- yonng and tender trees had been am planting all my pear and apple
My orange trees are frozen nearlyto rison, of Alabama, purchased thirty wrapped in winter as they ire in Cali- seed and ,have some promising seed-
the ground. Some advocate l lettingall acres of hammock on Dunnis Lake, fornia. lings.
the sprouts grow'and after buddingthe Putnam county, .Florida, for $713. Now for the other side. Up to I have raised several chinquapintrees
best one or two, gradually thin out The property was in the back woods; 1876 there had been paid out the following from seed. They bear well, but
the 'rest. Others think it as well to all supplies were brought in a row- amounts' : the nut is somewhat disappointing and
save'the best one or two sprouts,J and boat from Palatka, the neighbors For salt $50, for commercial fertili- the past season I have budded them,
keep 'the rest cleaned off. clubbing together to send for the zers $51, lot kainit $64. with the large Japan and Spanish
What is.your opinion? ? bacon, hominy and coffee absolutelynecessary. The-muck and composts given the chestnuts and am well pleased with ,,'
udlow.. Vt. H. H. trees had been made on the place. No them as a stock, as they are thrifty .
In the spring of 1870, 480 large l labor except that of one man had been growers. In three years they will be
In several previous issues we have sour stumps were transplanted from employed in picking the oranges. For as many inches in diameter. Do not :
given our opinion in favor of cuttingoff the wild groves'in the vicinity, and in all this the proceeds of other crops be particular to get the wood out ''of I
such trees at once close 'to the 1871 the first buds were put in. These grown on the place had paid. For any bud you may wish to set, as I have t
ground .and allowing all the sprouts to had begun to show promise when the the original outlay and the labor of been successful by leaving it in. The
grow for awhileto;, be gradually thin- cold snap of December 23, 1871, killed proprietors' they could show fourteen .- persimmon particularly I bud. from !
ned, out. This is the advice of a ma. the growing buds and many of the acres set in fine trees, all healthy, wood cut as for grafting; and when t
jority of the best growers in Florida. stocks. beautifully located and worth at least wild stocks show first leaves then do !

,A prominent grower, 'in conversa- Meantime there had been'no loafing, $40,000. They .were offered $28,000for your budding. r
tion with us recently, said that we and the work of clearing, begun in the original 'six acres set in 1872 CORPL. ':MURDOCK. ,
must not be disappointed if orange January, 1869, had rescued from'the ten years after they were planted.The +.. 4"
trees, especially in the upper part of forest several acres of rich land, on Burton and Harrison groves, The Kieffer Pear---Its Remarkable \
the belt, start very late and make little which corn and cotton; cabbages and especially their tangerines, were Prepotency. *
growth this summer. The shock potatoes were planted each year; and among the most celebrated in Floridafor When I bought the farm which I \
which they received from the double the proceeds from the farm supported their beauty and profit, having have had since 1871, its former owner. 1 j
freeze-the second one coming:when Major Burton and paid the wages of' yielded even since the depression be- showed me a small pear tree which he f,
they were in the sap-was very se- one hand. Advances were made, but gan, as high as $1,500 clear profit, per had planted six years before, and ')
vere. He related his experience in the,crops repaid all, and for their pro- year, yet they- have this most., neces- which had made no apparent growth.
cutting ,one year, some large sweet fits the owners waited patiently until sary'addendum, where now the growers I pruned, fertilized and watched for fi\
seedlings which had bloomed and were the trees should begin to bear. can do a little plain home-spun several years. In the spring it openedits E
covered with oranges about as large as Except that the field. was cleared, farming, while their trees'are recover. leaves, it shed them in autumn, but Jit J
; peas. It was about two months before the freeze of 1871 left the owners exactly ing. made no visible growth of wood. !;;
I they'sprouted and some did not where they had begun in 1869. I then removed it to a seemingly better j I'I
i sprout at all that, year., The next year, But in 1872 they replanted with budded Figs, Ohestnuts, Kakis, Pears. position to see if change might awaken |
\ they started out and made. a good trees from the nursery and filled Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: it. Digging it up carefully, I could 1 I
: growth. He thinks the shock given the spaces again with corn, cotton, Here are some wrinkles that have not see either in roots or top any in-
t them: by the :February freeze was etc. They now had a house and cows crow-tracked our brow from time to dication that they had increased in I
than the felling would has added size a particle since taken from the, I
worse simple, and pigs and a horse; ,their life was time, as experience an
caused because-and in this he of the farm It was a case of completevital I
have still hard, but they ate what they grewor item to our knowledge nursery.
I agrees"'with''the view we have already could buy from the proceeds of garden, orchard, etc. inertia. For nearly ten years i
expressed-there"is undoubtedly a reflex their crops. They went to Palatka About two years ago I bought some longer it stood unchanged. It merely f"
I I action of the frozen part of the once in a while, and sometime they fine figs and on examining the seed of lived and bore an annual crop of I
; tree upon the part below. had jolly times withxtheir neighbors at some they looked so fresh and in so leaves without growth. Some years ,'
: : 1 ', ----- *.---- a dance or a hunting frolic, but the good condition it occurred to me they ago, while top-grafting other trees
',''Oransce Culture, as aBusiness.;, work went bravely on. might grow. So I planted quite a lot with the Kieffer pear, I cut off all the '
.' In the which ,had been of them and in a short time I was rewarded branches of this dormant tree and inserted :
calledabusiiiess 1876
be
,,
"Is an'y business,entitled ,to grove '
,, in their stumps cions of the \
them by
its first by seeing come up
find in 1872 crop,
which is not certain to planted gave
I of the hundreds and now I have about Kieffer. These were set in April.
Pa-
Post
f 'owner living that is which was sold to E. C. ,
its not only a ,
\ ,
and the
imported of them next
trees from Everyone grew,
fig
for In the was fifty young seedling
; food and raiment, but also a little clear latka, $28. 1877 crop
of them five :
fruit of the variety. October many were over
Smyrna
Griffin of Crescent City
? sold to C. R. ,
:
cash for necessary outlays every year Now brethren of the fruit-growing feet in length. From the date of this :
well demonstratedthat for $150 on the trees. The "orange .
It is orange now tolerably culture in Florida, is not boom" had now set in, tourists were persuasion, let us all try what we can grafting this inert pear tree has grown t ,

I I P 1 1YEAR.


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228 ... Tttk FLORIDA? FARMER AND :FRUIT-GROWER..
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:. LOCKHART LITTLE, President. J. E. STILLMAN, Sec. and Treas.
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LITTLE BROS, FERTILIZER' AND PHOSPHATE CO ,


i MAI TLTP AOJ1 ]3:1 on*



p-<. < : '. HIGH GRADE FERTILIZERS. .


; '',' : I- <..":" ::...o'C'1; '
; : ,, :, Especially Adapted to the Requirements of the Orange Tree. .: .
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November and December are the proper months to apply fertilizers on the bearing groves to secure the best results


,, LITTLE BROS. LITTLE BROS.r
.
! :< 44 Orange Planters True Value Number One," "Orange Planters True Value Number Three,"

*
{ ., Supplies all the needs of the bearing tree, Supplies all the needs of the young tree.


!r \E.. We solicit the inquiries of the orange growers of Florida. Correspon'dence cheerfully answered. 'Pamphlets -

;|t and prices furnished on application. '

.
'. /' 1
1'". ri I
,I. .
;I .'- vigorously, its trunk has trebled in There are comparatively few fruit to lift the top still higher. His excuse Journal of April 4, contains the fol-
:I k' ;- diameter, its branches spread luxuriantly growers east of the Rocky mountainswho for training such high branchedtrees lowing :
'j.. and in 1891, it bore a bushel of make a business of fruit growing. is that they desire space beneath Experiments are being made at the
1 L.0 fine fruit. Fruit growing with most eastern men branches which will admit a team for gypsy moth station at Malden whichare
, In a pear orchard which I planted is a side issue to which they devote ploughing and cultivating, but this is attracting the attention of scientificmen
'" in 1872 stood a Bartlett tree some five but a small portion of time and study. a poor excuse. The California fruit all over the State. At the labo-
;' feet high with a small branched top. This.accounts for the large amount of grower desires his trees branched within ratory of the experts on Commercialstreet
Yearly it blossmed, but did not grow. inferior fruit which is marketed every a foot or eighteen inches ''from the may be seen about 5,000 specimens -
" I pulled off the blossoms annually to year in New York, Boston and Philadelphia ground. Consider the great savingin of the hungry invader, in various
!I' direct its energies to the development and also for the successful gathering fruit, in pruning and stages of evolution. The idea 'is, to'
? of wood, but it failed to do more'' than rivalry of California fruit growers who spraying, where the trees are thus low watch the growth of the 'moth and
blossom and bear a few leaves. To ship fruit 3,000 miles and sell it at a branched. The cherry tree, for in- study its habits, paying strict attention'
'cF, encourage it I let it bear'two or three profit in competition with our homegrown stance, within two feet of the groundand to every'' detail._ This is,. of course,
r 'years: ; these were fine fruits. But fruit.I the top kept cut back annually so I with a view to discovering a more
even this indulgence did not improveits Bien- that it will, not go skyward, may be I thorough means of exterminating the
have
before the Fourth
disposition; it would not grow.. In me picked largely from the ground, and pest.
nial of the State Board'of
April, 1866, when top grafting, a Report the rest with short ladders. Consider i It was discovered, by means of
neighbor came to learn the art. I had Horticulture of California for 1894, the extra work of climbing an .additional these experiments, that the Paris
finished my work, but my obstinate through the courtesy of Secretary B. .five or ten feet up and down green, London purple ,and arsenic
i:, little pear tree stood handy, so I saw- ,M. Le Long. It is a handsomelybound twenty or thirty times a year. Further with which the trees and bushes'have
' '. edit I off to give my friend a lesson in book of 450 pages, giving a review than this, high trees are more seriously been sprayed do not kill the mcxths,

;.-_, grafting. He stuck into it a couple of methods of planting, pruning, swept by the wind than low trees. but,. on the'contrary, they thrive and
r of Kieffer cions, and under my instructions spraying, fumigating, gathering and 'I have seen apple orchards with such grow fat upon it. In consequence the
f:: completed the job. Those marketing California fruits. It is a high trunks and high branches as to leading chemists of the State, set to
grafts grew strongly ; in a couple' of valuable book, worthy of a place in render the expense of gathering more work experimenting with all kinds of
years I cut away one of them, and the any horticultural library. The bookis than double that of lower branchedtrees deadly poisons,and it is thought thatat
S't other is-.now ten feet high and was illustrated with numerous, photo- and the high grown fruit is last something ,has been invented
and
{ : last year so burdened with fruit as to graphs engravings representing largely blown off. which will scatter death among the
l: be in danger of breaking down. orchards of peach, cherry, apricot andso The idea of many eastern farmers is moths and caterpillars.What .
t I could give other illustra- forth. These orchards often em- this is those who
r many to grow corn, potatoes and other compound ,
I. trations! i in apple: and pear trees of f the brace 50 or of 100 acres of cherry, or as crops on their orchard, thus the are in the secret will not give out, as

t", evident'vitalization of the stock by the often many thousands acres peach of acres.or of apricots these and and higher they get branches the farther they think they can get a patent on
j. graft. The Kieffer pear especially they will be out of the growing crops. it. There is enough poison in the ex-
fruits.
other When a man plants 100
F' seems as if its vitality will revitalize The sooner the idea of cropping or- perimenting room at 1 Maiden to anni-
V any pear stock on which it may be acres of cherry trees he in knows one field you chards with grain and vegetables is hilate the whole population Mal-
! worked. It shows strong growth on naturally"suppose how to abandoned the'better Better devote
.,', all pear stocks, but stronger on some I train those trees to the best advan- the whole entirely to the trees, then den.A Journal reporter, visited the labo-
varieties than on others, proving that tage. Such a man may be supposedto train orchards low and in the best pos- ratory Tuesday, and found three.men,
there is a difference in congeniality of know how to bring about the best sible manner. When there are no two of whom are experts, at work under -
results with least
temperament.-Garden and Forest. expense. farm crops planted the horses and the direction of Mr. A. H. Kirk-'
--- .. .-* The feature which land Assistant- of the
o attracts our attention plows,or harrows can wind in and out Entomologist
Stilted or Low-Headed Trees. I first in these orchards is the under these to v'branched trees, keep- Gypsy Moth Department. The wallsof
One good result which the Florida low branching of trees of all species.It ing the implement of cultivation near the room were covered with shelves

growers may, if they will, derive from would seem to require no great the tree and the horse at a distance.A holding bottles and jars of all sizes,
the freeze is the reduction in the pre- amount of deliberation to induce a side clevis may be attached to the each receptacle containing eggs, worms
posterous height of many of their i fruit grower to discover that fruit implement which will permit it to run grubs, caterpillars and pupae in every
\ trees. A tree trimmed horse-high I trees branching near the ground are close to the tree when the horses are stage'of development. No full-grown
represents just about two years of I more desirable than those branching several feet away. moths have yet hatched. ,
growth spent uselessly in reaching that five or ten feet from the ground, yet A young man was at work separa-
,.' elevation. Two years spent in raisinga I in visiting 100 fruit farms in the east ting the young caterpillars from the

tree on a pedestal when it ought to you will find trunks of trees growingfrom Trouble In Northern Orchards. eggs, while- the- two- experts- .were. going
be near the ground. Two years spentin five to ten feet too high. Nurserymen They are having trouble, it seems, over hundreds of jars containing cater-
raising a handle to the tree, when I are compelled to train nur- in New England as well as ourselves. pillars, changing the food_ and takingnote
, it is"better'off' without any handle. sery trees high, for if they do not so The Massachusetts legislature has of the dead ones.
The following general reflections in planters complain ot short bodies. ordered to a third reading a bill to appropriate The caterpillars are brushed into a
Green's Fruit Grower apply equally, When the fruit grower plants these $rooooo, for the extermination tumbler, in which a leaf of lettuce has
.n most respects, to Florida: tall trees he immediately prunes so as of the gypsy moth. The Boston, been placed.. A piece of white cloth'N


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THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.. '229 '
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: CHAP AN: & SUnLO, :


J"ACI SOl T u'IIL F LA.


.SPECIAL. TONIC FOR, FROZEN ORANGE TREES. ;i ,


ROYAL ]3IANr.i ?Y

., .. ,"..,. .,,. .... -.' ,, ,.
-- J '? "< :(:
--, :, ..t.( : '- '. ANALYSIS I '!':'hr's!
y"- AMMONIA..... ..................,... ............................G to 0 Per Cent, ... .. ,',
AVAILABLE PHOSPHORIC ACID ....... ... ..............G to 8 II .. ''.:11..
\ POTASII, KaO, Actual... ... .........................:........'7 to 8 .. .;.,'"J

PRICE, $25.00 PER TON. DELIVERED TO ANY DEPOT IN FLORIDA FOR CASH. '_

__u__ ___ I -...

is tied over the top and they are plac- The Eden neighborhood, the bloom was 100,000 '
ed on a shelf. The leaves are changed Pinery. particularly noticeable, and thereIn

every day, and the tumbler or jar is ust have been fully 20 per cent of
cleaned out at the same time. The this particular field in bloom. With
caterpillar is put in when about halfan Edited by JOHN B. BEACH Melbourne, Fla. seasonable rains and freedom from DOZER ieapp1e1ats

inch long, and, in the warm room, wwww frost next winter, we believe that most
grows very rapidly. As he grows his The effects of the second freeze on of the pineapple fields will be in as

appetite increases, and it is astonish- the pines and on the oranges was most good condition by the spring of 1896as FOR SALE.

ing to see how much a: healthy,' full- disastrous, while they were coming out they were before the freeze.Titusville .
grown caterpillar can place himself very nicely from the first and promiseda Advecate. "
fair short the blizzard .. .
outside of. On an average one will pretty crop,
eat 50 square inches of leaf area in a struck them in a condition which de- Effects of the Freeze in the Bis- CAN BE DELIVERED IN AUGUST.
day. Twelve head of lettuce are used 'stroyed all chances of marketable fruit cayne Bay Section.Mr. .

each, day to feed,them, and from halfa this summer. Old plants which had J. W.: White, of Cocoanut Grove, .
dozen head only enough refuse is suckered and were mainly above the has a twelve acre farm about (four

left'the next day to fill a single tum- ground have been pretty nearly ruined, miles west of the,__ bav. near,___ the___. _Ever-_ __ For further information write
bler. but plants which were just coming into glades. Upon this, in addition to

.. bearing will all sucker or ratoon and many kinds of growing vegetables, JOHN M. GRIFFIN,

Time to Thin Out.I bear next year, though in many casesit such as beans, peas, celery, onions, Governor's Harbor,
1, may be policy to take up the slips cabbage, tomatoes and cauliflower, heI I
have been taking the trees out of and suckers and replant them. Young has 70,000 pineapples fruiting. He Eleuthera, Bahamai.

my, old bearing grove, moving three plants set l last season have not lost informs the Sun that of this fruit there
and leaving one and setting them out their' buds and have sustained no will be probably crownless and

33x66 and'66x66. I have more land damage which extra attention this somewhat dwarfed 10,000, but that the qual- CALIFORNIA BUDSFOR

than money to buy fertilizer, and tenyears' season will not fully counteract, so we ity of the fruit and the remaining

observation.has thoroughly convinced may expect considerable good fruit 60,000 will not be impaired in the SALE .

4 me that 40X40.is as close as next year., least, and that the apple will be mar-
be It is In any quantity nice clean thrifty .d
trees ought ever planted. anexcellent'time Orange a
In few favored locations notablv keted time. The fruit is
t a on -- now more Lemon Bud Wood of the following varieties:
to move such trees tor Sewalls Pt., plants have so far escapedmore than'' half grown. In as short a timeas JAFFA,
there is for
,no possibility a crop to or less and will make some small possible ,Mr.. White will begin to MAJORCA,

amount' anything either this year or fruit even nowand many more may bear ship. What is his experience is that MEDITERRANEAN St MICHAELS, SWEETS
and I tell it takes lots
,next' ', you of late in the fall, but this does not seem of many other planters on the bay MALTA BLOOD, '
grit to dig up a tree that has from five at present likely. Anywhere south of and 'in the vicinity. Vegetation is RUBY BLOODS TARDIF!* .t'
to ten boxes of on it but now WILSON'S BESTART'S ,
oranges ,
lower Brevard county pines protectedby practically unhurt, and the country
Dancy's Tangerines & Mandarin
is immediate -
that there fruit
no or any
slats overhead were wholly unin- practically uninjured. Developementwill '
prospects thought I would get jured and at Ft. Pierce Mr. Julius Tyler -, continue, just as it has been doingfor LElVIONS.:
,Lisbon, Eureka and Villa Pranca.
trees scattered out.. I have about '
my the and the farm
choice three
has some plants thus pro- past years,
two acres out and two more to All true to name. Price varying from $5 toy
yet
tected which are not very seriously ing interests of South Dade will in no- $ per looo. Delivered to any post office in the
get out. Some of the trees are 25 to State. Address
wise
frozen. At Biscayne Bay, so far as I suffer.
O. D. WILHITE
30 years old but I have never lost an can learn from reliable report, practi. Cocoanut trees show no signs of in- Riverside, California.,
old bearing tree yet that I have moved.I and hibiscus in .
Roses
cally no damage has been done par- jury. trees are
notice some of my neighbors are I have known O. D. Wilhite and know him{ to
full bloom fresh served I
localities
in
ticularly slightly protectedfrom ; vegetables are to be reliable. Have received buds from him
cutting tops off of trees that are killed. the full force of the wind by ad- continuously, and there is not the the past week in fine condition.-Chas. Pugsley, II
Well I wait easier than I Mannville, Florida. ,
can can
jacent pine timber and toward the slightest murmur of discouragement. I j
.work and they will all rot out if theyare edge of the everglades. A differencecan Gardening goes on,as if nothing at all THERMKR80N

given time. Then when the long be sen between Eden _and West had happened,which is really the case,
I :tender shoots run up, the rainy season miles {for serious has and
Palm Beach, about thirty apart, nothing, happened, l/ffllHBLK/
comes, foliage is loaded with rain and while the water protection of East the brilliant prospects of this country
wind will break off lots of the
a strong ,
remain undimmed-rather the
Melbourne\ placed them on an equal reverse -
) shoots that were the tops left they footing with Eden and Jensen and the .i owing to injury in other pore FEED WORKSfor
would steady and support the new Lucie River tions of Florida. Tronical l Sun.
St.
protection placed ...
- Saw Mills has lately been improved andis
Another I have noticed
growth. thing ; Waveland and Potsdam on a par with t absolutely perfect. Simple, sensitive, dura-
: that is rubbing off sprouts a few ble and cheap. Very quick
West Palm Beach. Messrs.}.S. Elder and G.H. Strader,
i inches long when they are starting.
In this freeze the large and heavier prominent citizens of the south side, GIG BACK MOTION. .
i. What would you think of a man that
I had been dragged out of the river so plants have proven hardy in proportionto were in town Tuesday. They were Variable to any extent and in a great measure
. their size. Thus the Porto Rico bubbling over with cheerfulness, due varies automatically. The easiest and safest of
nearly dead from drowning that it was all feeds to handle and the easiest' of all to apply.
stands first and the Ab- to the fact doubtless that their
; next comes orange I
a question whether he could be saved
and the heaviest of the and Can be Pat Mill in Few
baka plants trees are budding blooming, giving on any a Hours.
:i or not, some one would suggest.. to help ..
i I.him out of his terrible condition- that- Red Spanish. All seems to depend on promise ot a golden harvest ot yellow We will gladly loan free of charge for thirty
\ the size; nothing at all upon the vari spheres next fall and winter, with abun- days to all good mill men, or will give six weeks _
cut out his right lung? Wouldn'tit
you to the first to apply from each county.For .
dant of the much desired
ety. incoming
seem a little bit-yes a good. bit shekels. Commercial. further particulars apply to the
: foolish? Yet the.leaves are the lungs -Leesburg
Pineapples in Bloom. FLA. IRON & WOOD WORKS,
I of the'trees and noW after their hard
I pull they need all the lungs they haveto During a trip down the river a few Does it pay to farm ? This questioncan J. 'v. EMERSON,

help them get to going again. After days ago, as we passed through the be satisfactorily answered by J. V. Apopka, Fla. Manager.

they are,in full foliage once more, pineapple fields, we were surprised to Barnes. He has just finished dispos- I

if you want to trim some, do so, but notice numerous plants looking well ing of his sweet potato crop, and, after ITALIAN

most of us will get more and better and in bloom. Of course it was impossible summing it all up, he finds that on his you You're keep the bees loser to gather unless BEES

fruit if we will throw our pruning' to estimate the percentage two-acre patch of sweet potatoes he the you.sweets lice of Ki'oplnic nature about lMeumiiit ;
knives away.-Irving Keck; in Bar- {from the car windows as we were has sold $450 worthof hogs.-Citrus and 1rolltublo to either sex, In townor
'
country iso ago Bee Book free to all.
'
tow- C-I. i whirled along; but at one field, in the County Chronicle. d. ,!I. dlBNKINMVetumpka, Ala. !


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230 THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. .
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V#
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A FERTILIZER TO SUIT THE TIMES : ;



- "THE IDEA" :': : .. "

< '.......' ,,-. ,,'f'I ,I -''''-... 'r :'. #
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Manufactured by Wilson & Toornep, Jacksonville, pla.

{ 4 ,, ';;',' FOR ORANGE TREES, VEGETABLES AND FIELD CROPS.

I
&' Ammonia, 4 1-2 ,to 5 1.2 per cent. I
Available Phosphoric Acid, 4 1-2 to 6 per cent.
Potash Sulphate, -11 to 13 per cent. .
'.
k I Made Exclusively from Nitrate of Soda, Cotton Seed Meal, Blood and Bone, Acid Phosphate and Sulphate of Potash. '

I ::Price, $2 .OO ;per Ton, ]C\ O. :B.

I&: '
I" We also have a large supply of J. H. Baker & Bro.'s Celebrated Complete Manures in stock. Also, Nitrate of Soda, Blood and Bone,

, t:. Acid Phosphate, Dissolved Bone, Selected Kentucky Tobacco Stems, Ground Tobacco Stems, Etc.

' WE SEEK THE GROWERS DIRECT. LARGE STOCK, LOW PRICES.. .
\ Correspondence Solicited.

"'\N"ILSON: & TOO isii R.
t Bright Cotton Seed Meal !820.OO per ton.
t. Dark Cotton Seed Meal, 16,50 per ton. TUBS FER-rILIZER HOUSE OF!* F I o1 IDA.

\ \ I
; Farmer aid Trucker careful to husband the vitality of his I When we feed it to the horses, it is wing,of which is to run very near to
plants in everv way. He does not, cut up in a Baldwin Fodder Cutter in the young plants-so near as to leave
i Strawberry -ture'Prevetin- as he expresses it, "allow them to be to one-inch lengths, and is eaten to little grass above the ground. The sec
I Degeneration. killed before they are set" by being the last piece; the same when fed to ond plowing is to be done with a turner
! It afforded ,us pleasure to take a exposed to the sun and.wind. When cows. Some of the beggar weed grew which throws the dirt back to the
; look through the strawberry fields of taken up they are instantly put undera stalks as thick as a lead,pencil, very rows and again wraps up the grass. Ifa
: Mr. Fortune Moulin of Lawtey.: His damp close covering of some sort few thicker.As third plowing be needed, the sweepis
: few test rows of Lady Thompson demonstrate and kept there until plant d. This is Mr. Adams says the hay is dusty.To to b.e used again. Then, if there be
the value of that variety for done as soon as possible and no plantis get over that difficulty, we slightly necessity for it, or time to spare, the
Florida. The plants are very heavily allowed to be exposed to the sun dampen the cut hay just before feed- owner can hoe and pick the crop and
fruited, though not conspicuouslymore any longer than the second or two ing it'to the cattle or horses.I ,the cultivation is ended.If .
so than the best Alabama while it is being transferred from the think it a long way ahead of anybody.knows a better plan than
Noonans, which are simply the old package to the hole prepared for its Northern hay, such as we get in,Flor- this to employ on upland, we:shall be
"., Florida Noonans revitalized and reinvigorated reception. t ida, for that sometimes is dusty, at glad to see. his views. -
I/. by a sojourn of a year' or As usually treated, plants becomeso others mouldy and always expensive.We W. M. DAVIS.
: two in the latitude of Alabama. dried up before they are set that the treat para grass hay the same, Lake City, Fta. .
-S. ---
1 The conviction, has gradually been roots have absolutely no pumping except the curing. Egg Plant.
r forcing itself upon the Florida growers power left and the plants receive a E. W. SHAW. [Concluded from last week.]
that they would ultimately have to de- setback from which it takes them Fort Meade, Fla.Upland. The soil for egg plants should be
)l pend upon a renewal of their plants weeks to recover. He showed plantsset --. ., light and warm, and as rich as it can
i every year or two by the importationof as late as November 10 which wereas Rice Culture. be made: Low, wet and cold ,land
plants grown in sections further large as plants usually are. when set Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: will not make egg plants. The crop
i north, even if no further north, than in September. I am' much interested in rice cul will be in exact proportion to the rap-
1 Alabama, just as the farmers bring He thinks Florida growers gene- ture. A large part of our State would idity of their growth. Land that has
t II down seed of the potato every '''year rally use too much fertilizer. He at- yield rice better than almost any other been the previous year in the early
I from Maine and Nova Scotia. Mr. taches the first importance to cultiva- I crop. In this locality, Lake City, my Irish potato crop, and heavily fertilized -
Moulin thinks, however, that he has tion and to the maintenance of the opinion is that this grain should be will be a suitable place for'them,
developed plans for retaining the vi- vigor of the plants by the methods planted from the 15th of May to June provided that when the potatoes are
I tality of plants which will obviate this, above noted. For fertilizer he prefers loth. Why so late? Because the off the land it is at once sown in peas,
necessity of a constant recurrence to bone and ashes. rainy season will then cause a rapid which should be allowed to die on
a Northern supply. growth, bec use there will be much the land, and crimson clover seed
His plan is'this: He grows his berries Good Beggar Weed Hay. less work needed in the cultivation, sown among them in September.The .
on raised beds, full in the middle Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: and for the additional reason that a ,clover and dead pea vines shouldbe
and sloping to the sides. Along the I intend to try and give my experience late crop of rice in North Florida i is deeply plowed under in April and
middle of each runs -a row of orange regarding- the cutting, curing..., and little troubled by rice birds. The birdsare the surface put in good order for the
trees, and for these is left an uncultivated feeding to horses and cattle. gone nearer the coast by October, egg plants. I
strip four or five (feet wide. The The seed were sown in April, four when late planting comes in. The land should be marked off three
plants send out runners into this uncultivated pounds to the acre of shelled seed, Now, I will give my method of preparing feet each way, and a shovel full of ma-
strip, covering it pretty well along with some crab grass seed saved for a crop and also its,cultiva nure, or a good handful of a high
over. These are allowed to shift for from a late crop of crab grass hay.I tion. The ground is to be kept clean grade fertilizer (see Appendix f for for-
themselves, receiving neither cultiva- had the first cutting of hay the by turning under grass and weeds mulas), be well mixed with the soil at
tion nor fertilizer. They become, so last week in July; it was left in the every twenty days. When plantingtime each check, ready for setting the plantsin
to speak, wild plants. They grow sun for half a day to wilt, and then comes throw the land into bedsas May. The after: cultivation shouldbe
;F small and stubby and bear a few very hauled to the Darn. First a layer two for cotton. Run a very narrow fur- shallow and frequent, and a dress-
small and aromatic berries. If he has feet deep was laid on the barn floor, row in the top of each bed to receivethe ing of nitrate of soda during ,their
\, time he,plucks off the blossoms occasionally then rails laid across resting on the rice. Where clods are in the waya growth will materially forward them.
''t but does not consider this logs at the side, then another lot of hoe should remove them and the The Colorado potato bug is very fond
essential. In this wild condition the hay, more rails, and so on to the top drill be made smooth and narrow. The of the egg plant, but in the early stagesof
plants become hardy and renew their of the barn ; and it has remained so, grain should not be put in too thick. its growth can be easily kept down
vigor; they undergo the same processas since, except what we have used. This is very important, since rice in by spraying 'with Paris green mixed
does the overworked citizen, who The stubble was left about six inches good ground will produce forty headsor with water. Later on, as the fruit
turns himself loose in the woods and long and started to 'send up shoots at more from one gram. Cover witha forms, hand picking must be resortedto.
"roughs it" a while. When taken up, 'once for the second crop, which crop small plow and in such a way as to Much,work can be saved by examining
set out in regular form, cultivated and I consider the better one, as the stalksare have the crop come up in a very nar the under side of the broad
fertilized, ,they display their old'vigor finer than in the first. The second row drill. leaves for the orange-'colored patchesof
and fruitfulness. cutting was in 'September, just when Now for the cultivation. A sweepis the eggs of the insect, and crushing
Besides this, Mr. Moulin is very the crop was blossoming. to be used at the first plowing, the them with finger and thumb. The


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THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. 231
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plants are also subject; to the Southern I

Blight, which is so destructive to the i - Poultry.- POPULAR. POULTRY FARM
- - ,
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tomato at times. This disease shows Edited by S. S. DeLANOY,
Fla.
itself by the sudden wilting and deathof ---... ---... ---...- ---... Apopka---... -- A PO P KA, FLORIDA.

the plants just as theyare coming Making Farm Poultry Pay.
I into fruit. The exact cause of this disease First Prize Essay in the Practical INDIAN GAMES.Sharps .

: is as yet not fully determined. Farmer. By O. C. Mastin, SaundersCo. and Imported. The best blood obtainable in the world. Can furnish Eggs from separate
Some good authorities consider it the ., Neb. yards in one order.BLACK. -

. : work of bacteria within the plant, while A Plymouth Rock or Wyandottechick
the Florida station states that it is hatched in April, if fed for i LANGSHANS.
caused by a higher order of fungus rapid growth, will come to laying maturity I An exceedingly fine pen of exhibition birds. Have added fresh blood in the shape of thebest[ I
I could buy from the breeders of the winners at Macon, Columbia, Kansas City and Madison Square
: growth, with an external mycelium. in October, and with proper Garden, New York.BLACK .
I, If this.is the case, a spraying with Bor- shelter and judicious feeding will lay
deaux Mixture should be effective through the winter months, when eggs MINORCAS.

I against it. We tried this the past season sell for top prices, and keep it up One yard only; headed by a shapely and beautifully plumaged male, the best we could buy
from one of New York's Fxmous+ Breeders. limited. '
Eggs
;i on part of a plat of tomatoes at our most of the following spring and
Station, but as the disease did not summer. The cockerels hatched EGGS, PER SETTING, $2.00. TWO SETTINGS, $3.5O.
make its. on the untreated with the pullets, if marketed early
appearance Owing to the present condition of things in Florida, we prepay the express at above prices.
plants, we are,still uncertain as to the when prices are good, will pay for Eggs from the three breeds in one older if you desire A copy of the best! Poultry paper published
with each order as long as they last Have your order booked ahead and avoid
delays. Bend
their, Why
efficacy of the remedy. Next season own feed and that consumed by to Jerusalem or Halifax for eggs when as good can be obtained in Florida at less money.guarantee .
we will try the same on plants set the pullets, until the latter begin to S. S. DeL-ANOY
PROP.We .
where the disease was bad the past lay. The pullets, after laying a year, ,
Eggs to arrive in condition.
good
year and repeat the treatment. then marketed before beginning to
There,are several varieties of egg moult, will sell for enough to pay for
plants,. but only two of them are commonly the food consumed during the time of best broilers and have the desirable a good handful to each two or three
grown. These are the New laying, the eggs received thus being yellow legs and skin. The standard fowls. If they will not work for
York improved and,the Black Pekin. practically all profit. The average weight of Plymouth Rock hens is 7/ grain, feed less mash. Keep them
The last named is early but not prolific price should be at least 15 cents per pounds; Wyandottes, '64 pounds. hungry enough to work during the
and the fruit is smaller than the dozen, and the number not less than Select the best, well matured fowlsto day. About 3 or 4 o'clock feed
first, which is really the only sort that ten dozen, giving a profit of $1.50 per breed from. Mate pullets with enough more grain to fill their crops
worth growing. Even this deteriorates hen. Twelve to fifteen dozen per hen cocks in, their second year, fifteen before they go to roost. One or two
from careless saving of the seed, can be secured, and many of the eggs females to one male. Inbreeding low- quarts for thirty is about right ; but
and while, as a rule, it seldom pays a being laid in winter, the average ers vitality, hence lessens productiveness feel their crops once or twice to be
;I gardener to attempt to save seed, it I in some places would 'be 20 cents or ; therefore, procure new males certain.
will always pay the southern gardener more. each season. Unless eggs are used Feed a variety. Make mash of one-
1 to select some of ,the finest fruit Mr. Hunter, editor of Farm Poul- for hatching exclude males. Unferti-- third cooked vegetables, one-third
from some of the most prolific plants try, has averaged a profit of $2.50 to. lized eggs keep better.If boiling water and thicken with equal
for. seed. The best strain of these $3 per hen on eggs for market for sev- more than thirty fowls are kept, parts of ground corn and oats, mid-
,seed, we are acquainted with, is that eral years past, keeping about 300. yard them in separate flocks. Poul- dlings, bran and animal meal. Of
; largely grown among the Norfolk gar- Nevertheless, I am convinced that a try netting is cheap, and a yard lox the whole grain, feed mostly wheat.
< deners as Tait's Improved New York great many keep fowls, at a loss, a 125 feet, seeded to redtop grass, will Feed oats or barley three or four'times
Purple.-N. C. Ex. Station. large proportion of their flocks being keep green during the, growing season a week. In cold weather feed corn at
non-producers, consuming profits and furnish thirty hens a good part of night twice a week
:, .. made on those that lay. However, their living. Plant fruit trees in the OurVyandotte pullets have aver-
Truth About Ramie.In by adopting a wise system of manage- yard for shade.Experience aged fifteen eggsieach per month since
some of our Gulf states the natu- ment and giving the needed care at proves that house room November i (now January 19,) and
ral moisture of the atmosphere 'is so the right time, certain and abundant of nearly 10 square feet per fowl is the above is our plan of management.In .
great as to, preclude that perfect dry- success is assured. A slight variation needed to have them remain healthyand [ one or two details this plan
ing essential in the breaking of the often means the difference, between productive. A house IOX20 will would,need to be changed for Florida.]
woody portions of the plant by the success and failure. To illustrate, we accommodate not more than 30. .-.*.
machines in the process of removingthe hatch pullets in April, get them to Raise foundation 12 inches above gen- The poultry interest is growing, but
,bark or husks. Furthermore, ; laying in October, keep them layingfor eral level, fill in with sand or gravel, there are too many scrubs raised. Dou- I
there are decided differences in the a year, and then sell them. If and grade up outside with same. This ble the profit comes from good fowls. ,!
fibre between the first year's crop and kept through moulting, they stop lay- insures dryness, which is absolutely
\ that grown subsequently from, the ing for several months and greatly reduce essential. Build house with shed THE '
I same roots. Practical experience is the profits already made. Chicks roof, 4 feet ,high in rear and 7 feet in IMPRDVEDVIOTOR
\ needed along these lines, and in the hatched in June do not mature before front. Cover sides' and roof with

I event of an appropriation by a future winter; cold weather checks develop. sheeting and over this we use ,Nepon. J, I. INCUBATOR
_
i congress, this should not be lost sight ment and they will dot lay till near set roofing* paper, which is water, wind ", -- ... J Hatches Chickens by- Steam.
'
I of. Machines competing for official spring. (Do not keep them over. and frost proof; 500 square feet cost II" '' i Absolutely self-revulatlnfr.reliable.
1 indorsement should be obliged to treat Market them as soon as possible and $5. Gataftndcheapestdcstclta: Hatcher
logue in the
; continuously, for a period of say a avoid the drop in prices that takes Have roosting room 8xio feet at 4 cents; GEO. 211TJSI*market.&CO., Circulars Qulncy, HI.o.
week at a time, ramie from a given place when the slow-going majority one end of building, leaving open -
) tract of ten- acres. that the economical begin-0- to market their SUrolus.)) Cockerels front scratching: shed facing south.) I HATCH CHICKENS BY STEAM
question of profit both to the grower ; kept till October or November Keep at least 6 inches of straw or WITH THE MODEL .
and manufacturer may be properly de- bring no more money than if sold for other litter in scratching shed. Scat EXCELSIOR INCUBATOR.
termiried. broilers in June or July, but they keepon ter grain in litter, and make them wy -u t Thousands Operation.In Hucccstlul -
I In this respect let our legislaturesavoid eating just the same. work for all they get. Exercise pro- { t; SIMPLE SELF.REGULATING., PERFECT.and
entering into any compact with All breeds of fowls have merit. motes health and functional activity. ,p Quarantecdtohatch lurarer a
i the visionary schemers who exploit Limited space forbids giving details. Movable roosting poles, all on same Lowest prloed H* than fertile eggs percentage other,at I ess! c-ost of,
I the worth of ramie cultivation and yet For a farmer either the PlymouthRock level, 10 inches above a platform ((18 etcher First class made. (Send6c.forIllua.Catalog.any Incubator:
either ignorantly or wilfully exhibit no or Wyandotte combines more. inches from floor), to catch droppings, OE( 11.NTA I II If.,14to 182 S.Gb Circular Nt..Qulll Free.| y.JlI.
practical knowledge of the business of desirable and fewer undesirable quali. are placed in rear of room. Remove -- ..... - ---
permanent benefit to growers. These ties, than any other breeds. Wyan- droppings three times a week. : r EW PACE 68 C TALOGUE
: fellows, who in the past have made dottes are preferable in cold climates, Nest boxes and small boxes of .,;oJ., AMD GUIDE to Poultry Ealcors for 1899.
i .{. (Contains over 130 fine illustrations show.
\
'efforts, accompanied by some measure having low combs and not easily broken crockery, oyster shells or other ing photo of the largest: hounery In the
i of success, to secure appropriations frosted. The white varieties are free form of hen's teeth are placed under ''Ii,:;
: from such of our western states as from dark pin feathers when dressed platform. A shallow box containingroad 'r .tf !w! sad also flower valuable, garden information sent fo"on nly tho 10 kitchen cents,
California Washington, were very and are easier to breed true to color, dust is placed before the window ,' -1'-- -JohaEauscher-:--.--- -,-Jr.,P.0. Bci 31 ?'rrrport, III.

properly rebuffed last winter at the Barred Plymouth Rocks, unless skill- I in south side of room. Have door onside / ( fi* }From(ho finest fowls in
national capital where they endeavored fully mated, look but little better than I to enter from scratchingshed.. ;). v, E/TS G@U K defy the went competition.,at prices 4 that Eva.rietIosscoringU0toU0y ,
"work" for mongrels after 'the second or third Give fresh water twice daily. For ,",,;! \ ) $. I
,
to congress ostensibly i b, \ Before buy hip:,do not fall to get our
:f the good of the cause but really for generation. These breeds are hardy, breakfast (early) feed mash. Give no .- ..oi--:;t] contains finely i illustrated I'emedletorecipes 40 page catalogue.and much It .
II selfish purposes.-American Agricul- mature quickly and are good hyers. more than they will eat quickly.. > etc. 'Postpaid only should 5 cents.have, prices, '
turist. The chicks are easily raised, make the About 10 a. m. scatter grain in litter, Bowers&Barr,Box Dakota,111.

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, ... 232 THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. :

-.
State News. Our Rural Home. the woodmen never "spare that tree." bath is restful, a tepid bath is coolingand
One thing I should have mentionedin refreshing, and a cold bath will .
...... the beginning of these is make
papers, the.eyes sparkle and the flesh
Lawtey sent out April 6 175 bushelsof Edited by MINNIE GILMORE MILLS, that soil, though it should be rich, firm and the muscles taut.
strawberries by express and about St. Thomas. Fla. should not be taken from the wood- If the skin has been neglected and .
in yard, where the decaying chips are become
30 bushels refrigerators.T. Flower Garden.5.In parched, the following paste
Denby and wife, Frank Denby likely to be infested with the tiny should be laid-on the face at night and
the circular bed there is for
a I white wood-louse. Even boxes in allowed
and Mrs. Waterbury, enjoyed aride to to remain until morning:
small shrub of Gardenia .
centerpiece a which
choicest
our plants are growing Two
Newnan's Lake yesterday. In pas- ounces of barley meal and one
(Cape Jasmine). If the bed remains if allowed
,
sing through the Robinson orange to rest on the ground for ounce of honey strained. Mixinto: a
: -a fixture, this will O'ivp' wav.. .r\rn.". any great length of time, will. become with the .white
b. -J r of .
: grove they gathered a few green or- ------ --- paste one egg.
bably, next to a more appropriateplant the haunt of this
shrubs which they saw growingfour year enemy to plant life, Another simple lotion which will
ange ; but it is a handsome shrub and before we are aware of it our :
to six feet high. T. Denby thinks strengthen and tone the skin is one-
the is all right.-Gainesville Sun. wherever it may be placed. Thereare plants are doomed. I prefer tin half ounce of simple tincture of ben-
I grove tuberoses and gladiolus bulbs, in cans, buckets and pans, whose daysof zoine mixed in half a pint of cold
Quite a number of people in Orlando double rows-blooming size of coursein usefulness in
; the culinary depart- water and the face bathed with.. __ it .
contemplate going to Mexico to go this bed. The brilliant hues of ment are over, to boxes, on this account three'or four times- -a dy--: n --

into the cultivation of coffee. Mr. the gladiolus blossoms and the dead ; though if the wood is well Tait Virginal is another cosmetic,
H. S. Kedney, who recently returned white of the tuberoses (excelsior pearl) coated on both sides and the bottom, which this same tincture plays a most
from that country, reports fine open- will intermingle very satisfactorily.But with thick paint, the danger( is reduced prominent part.It .
ings there in this business and he him- as the foliage is no better than to a minimum. is made by dropping slowly
self will return there about the T5th that of lilies, and the flowers do not My potplants have been troubled half an ounce of the tincture very into a

inst. to reside permanently.OrlandoSentinel. last all summer, I have sowed seeds. much less with worms and wood lice pint of 'orange or elderflower water,
of various' annuals, each kind in a cir here than in a colder climate; I account stirring all the time, after which ,is to
Twelve refrigerators of strawberries cle'by itself, though the rains will, probably for it in no other way than in be added ten drops of tincture of
:went forward by express yesterday.C. wash many out of the little the use of these cans, instead of the myrrh.
F. Sickles forwarded four, Warner trench in which they .are now hidden. wooden boxes I formerly used. The .
& Denby three, Lovell & Hartshornetwo However this will not detract from bugs and beetles here are not to be A Reply.
and E. Leybourne three. This the beauty of the bed in my opinioneven dreaded, but one; will be wise to take Not being either a wine-maker or ..
represents about ,2,400 quarts of ber- if it should have "crazy quilt" a little precaution. I have heard of wine-drinker, it may seem strange.for
ries. 'The latest market quotations appearance. There are hollyhocks, baking the soil-I have no experience me tosay anything in regard .to the
are about 50 cents per quart.-Gaines- though I need not look for blossoms in this-it surely would kill any eggs "Protest" signed M. in,issue of March
I ville Sun. this year; hibiscus chrysantha; balsamsof that might be there, but would not 6th. -

), Trees right ,in the city are surprising many colors; and the outer portion the process be as detrimental to the I have not seen any wine made from
I everybody by the way they are bud will be gay with low-growing flowers, soil as to the insects? frozen oranges, but do know of, a fam-
ding forth. We have personally_ in. portulac,. candy-tuft, etc.-for the MINNIE G. MILLS. ily making some for their own use, it
spected many .of the trees which planting is not finished. The question P. S.-Since writing the above the never entering their heads that anyone
\ looked a few days ago as if they would is, with what shall I border it ? mail has brought a large package,of could take exception to the proceeding -: j''
never. 'bloom,again, and find that theyare Of course there are hundreds of suit- flower seeds from some generous flor- ; nor have I heard of anyone; doing I
putting out so far up that it is not able..flowers for the edge, but my seed ist friends, who seem to have antici- so. "The love of,money" was hardly:
entirely vain to hope that, many ;of box is now'about.empty, and nothing pated my needs and desires. 'They the "root of it";' arid there is difference i
them wilibe ready>for.a,good crop of has turned up. I am resolved that include almost-if not all-one could of opinion, you see, as to its being an ,
the June bloom.--Bartovv' Courier-In the; pocketbook shall not be touchedfor wish for a moderate sized garden in "evil." It'was probably the love of a I,
formant.Dr. my flower-yard; yet the place must the way of annuals with some peren- stimulating drink, which may prevent
be improved and to some extent beau- the indulgence in and more I
nials. Did I stronger
Rawls is getting up a novel exhibit not truly say: "All
"
tified. To resolve is to-well- All injurious beverages. No doubt, othersin I
for the Atlanta Exposition. It is things come to him who waits? For-
I
a house built, of all the different woodsof things come, etc. tunate, indeed, is the flower.lover who the same community have made
Rjcinus (castor bean) is a good wine but I have heard of
Santa Rosa county. The wood will has such friends. A thousand thanks.M. ; never a man
be shown both in its natural conditionand plant shrub, or tree, for a lawn, and I 'G. M. in that village becoming intoxicated.In .
have planted five or six seeds in a it is
polished. Mr. Rawls he has"ninety fact, an exceptional commu-
.
different varieties says half of place (soaking them well first) intending nity in many respects.If .
over to allow three or four to remain, Wash'the Face at Night. the making, or drinking of wineis
which known hard woods fit
are as ,
for furniture, etc. Santa Rosa can after they are about a foot in height.It i Material injury is done the com a stumbling-block in the way of our
furnish something besides pine logs. grows rather scraggly after the first !I plexion by going to sleep with a dirty brother, then for the love we bear our
-Milton Clarion year, ,which is the reason several face. Nothing is more conducive to brother, we should be self-denying
grown together look better. I have blackheads and a dull color than retiring enough to abstain. But this 'applies
Mr., A. F. Seabury, residing three had them so large that the fowls of without removing the accumula. to other practicesas well. Too oftenwe
miles west of Tallahassee, is one of the air built their nests in them. But dust arid
tion of powder from the forget that ; and the injunction is
Leon county's progressive and success alas! all were cut down by those terrible skin. These impurities clog the pores, "Be temperate in all things."
ful farmers. He has a new variety of Arctic winds. (Will we ever impeding perspiration as well as the Though not upholding the manufacture -
corn, and claims that he has been cease to deplore them ?) discharge from the sebaceous follicles or the sale, (far from it), I
growing two crops a year, on the same Seeds of the Coral tree are planted which supply the natural oil, and pim- think it would be a very difficult .matter
land, of forty bushels each crop to the inside the front fence, about ten ples and eruptions frequently result. to prove that wine itself, whetherthe
acre. He will furnish a sample bushel feet apart. Who will tell me what this' There is only one way to keep the fruit of the 'vine 'or. any other
to be grown this year, under the supervision "Coral tree is like ? On the outsideare skin
functions of the active and the fruit, has been a curse to mankind ;
of a committee, (for the county planted seeds of the China *
----- berry surface of the body healthy and beau- unless one could prove that every-
exhibit at the Atlanta Exposition.- or Pride of India, at sufficient distanceapart tiful, and that i is. by frequent bathing. thing that is not a real blessing must
Tallahasseean.Mr. to admit of some other shade Washing the face with hot water be a real curse. There are things -
Stearns, who represents the I trees to alternate with these, some and pure soap is the quickest and sur- that are not safe for all, yet far from
drug firm of Tedwick, Stearns & Co., evergreen.It est way of getting it clean. Thereare being 'a curse to mankind," it seems
of Detroit, was in the city recently, requires some thought to plan plenty of good soaps in the market to me. Am I too conservative ?
on his way to Jamaica, to secure some for the ornamentation of a place where but what is agreeable to one faceis ED. O. R. H.
roots of the cola plant, by which to there has never been a shrub or irritating to another. Castile is always --- .---
grow the cola nut used for medicinal flower-always excepting the broad to be depended upon, and a lit- Hand Bag.
purposes. He will bring many of the fans of the palmetto. It has capabil- tle tincture of benzoine will make a For OiIP""Rural Home.
roots of the plant to Florida, and will ities beyond the common, however basin of water as white as milk and A very pretty hand bag to match
experiment in raising them here. The the land having been cleared yearsago. cleanse, brighten and sweeten the face. the costume may be arranged by usinga
plant is a native of the west coast of Every day I look out across Woman is far too beautiful to make a piece of the dress material and crochet -

Africa, and has lately been transplanted what, with money and labor, might luxury of soap and water or to econo- rings. Cut a piece of heavy,paste
in Jamaica, where it is found he made a beautiful park, and wish mize in clean linen. Frequent bathing board three by seven inches ,for the
k to flourish. Mr. Stearns thinks that the few pines might be left to lift their means two dips a day. Water is I bottom, and two pieces four by seven
'his experiment will be successful, "anc green heads in tranquility. I am gladto nature's beautifier. You can't use too inches for the two sides. Cut a pieceof
that the growing of the plant will develop know others, too, admire the grand much of it internally or externally. It the material and on& of the lining a
1 into an industry in this State.- old pines through which the south is only weakening to people who are seam larger than the bottom, place the
Gainesville item in Citizen. winds sing their solemn anthems. But not in the habit of using it. A warm. pasteboard between them and sew the





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THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. 233
r.i .


i bag: and the lining with the edges in I Recipes.A Costs LESS than "Cheap" Paint or S, P. White Lead-

the seam. The bag should be ten by good recipe for chocolate is publishedthis Write for Book on Painting: and Color Card, FREE. If
twenty-four inches, sewed straightacross week, which is better for many for a PAINTOrange not on sale in your town we will quote price delivered,
I freight prepaid,and send written guarantee for five years.F. .
the side, and two inches at each regular breakfast or supper drink than HAM MAR PAINT CO. SPRUCE ST., ST. LOUIS MO.
end gathered in to fit the bottom. Slip coffee.
Cocoa is made of the
usually same recipe -
the side between the
two pasteboards as chocolate. It is improved by
. outside and lining. Invisible stitches boiling a few minutes. Those who suffer Trees !

at the top and sides hold it in place, from indigestion should not use it rich-

and an elastic across the ends at top of though it agrees with nearly all persons.

the boards confines the fullness. Makean -ED.CHOCOLATE.. Lemon Trees !
.-Scrape or grate'one ounce
inch hem at top :with double seam, of chocolate, add to it an equal weight of

and use black ribbon for drawing the sugar, throw these into a pint of boiling

bag ,up. Cover the rings with blackB. water and milk,of each one-half, and im-

& A. 'crochet silk, sew firmly together' mediately mix or stir them for two or The Old Reliable Buckeye Nurseries.
the and three minutes until the chocolate and
at edges cover the flat
are quite dissolved it is then ready _
sugar ;
sides of bag with them. Black silkmay for the table. Some think that two or 1 have on hand the finest lot of stock I have ever grown of all the standard va

be used for the bag, and the rings three minutes' boiling improves it. rieties. I have a specially fine lot of Tardiff and Jaffa ia two-year buds, from five

and ribbons match the costume. in colorif Chocolate should never be made but to seven feet high. I recognize the fact that it's hard times, and propose to sell at
preferred. R. E. M. when it is intended to be used immed- hard time prices. I make a specialty of the King Orange.
-. .. iately; for by suffering it to become cold Write for
and boiling it again the flavor is injured. prices.
Fruit Prices in London. LIMA BEAN SOUP.-Two Quarts of SOUD M. E. GILLETT, Prop.,

Thus far ,upon our journey our party I stock, one quart of lima 6 beans (if the I Weirsdale, Fla.

had enjoyed little fresh fruit, that offered beans are dried, soak them all night, put-

.at the railway stations being heldat ting a bit of soda into the water), two never be used except on prescriptionsfrom
a half-cup of corn meal scalded to a
such eggs reputable physicians, as the damage
exorbitant
an figure as to be
soft mush, two tablespoons of minced they will do is ten fold to the good you .
virtually! beyond our reach. We an- parsley, pepper, salt, two stalks of celery, can possibly derive from them. Hall's

ticipated a great feast when we should and a tablespoon of minced onion. Put Catarrh .Cure, manufactured by 'F. J.

arrive at Covent Garden, knowing the all the ingredients, except the eggs, into Cht noy & Co., Toledo, 0., contains no
reputation of the place for an abund-' the soup kettle and cook slowly until the mercury, and is taken internally, acting SAT THE .
beans are very soft; run through a colander directly the blood and mucous sur-
ance of fruit and thinking it would be upon MATTER; .5.- -
,
season to taste, return to the soup faces of the system. In buying Hall's
sold at, a reasonable figure in such a kettle, and when it boils stir in the beaten Catarrh Cure be sure you get the genu- FARM \

large wholesale market. But, to' our eggs; pour into the tureen; lay on the ine. It is taken internally, and made in \ .

surprise, we found the prices here near- surface thin slices of lemon, from which I Toledo, Ohio, by F. J. Cheney & Co. .COVERED \ r
the peel is cut; serve. Testimonials free.
ly high in other and
as as places, were
GRAHAM DREAD.-Olle and a half I C Sold by Druggists price 75c.
per
;t staggered,by the demands made upon pints of sour milk, a little salt, two tea- bottle.

II our purses. Just think of a pineapple spoons of soda dissolved in a little hot I I --...--- .
sold for dollar water one-half of New Orleans molasses ....
being a oranges at sixty cup Here's a pointer. A Chinaman liv- .' I ,
and as much graham flour as can .
1 to dozen strawber- .
seventy-five cents a ,' ,
''''
be stirred in with a spoon; put into a ing at DeLand exhibited a small box "
ries at twenty-five cents for a little overa -I
well-greased pan as soon as mixed and of oranges at the Orlando fair whichhe :
quart, pears'and apples at five cents bake about two hours. packed away just'a year ago, hav- : ",
apiece etc. Apricots as in all places GRIDDLE CAKES'-Sift a pint of corn
in L1AWK iGRfii
ing first wrapped them waxed'paper. aTUr." IACHINE.Works
seemed be the lowest in price,'being meal, add salt to taste, and apiece of lard .
There is certainly some way to save on either Standing Timber or Stumps. Pull
one of the most plentiful fruits in ,Eu- the size of a hen's egg, mix into a thin nn ordinary Grub Inoueanti'utlfnl1nutcBo Makes I
batter with sweet milk; add the beaten oranges and the man who discoversthe clean sweep of twoaciesata sitting1. A'man, a bo;
and a horse can operate It. No heavy chains or rods t.
unless in the when
,rope, grape season, of three and before cooking and method will bea handle. The the fln
yolks eggs, just best cheapest crop on a few acres >t year will. pa;
are undoubtedly plentiful. for the machine. You con not lunger afford i / pa;
grapes the cakes stir in the beaten whites.
public benefactor.-Coast Gazette taxes on unproductive timber land. clear ic, raise I
There seemed to be a great supply of Fry on a hot griddle, well greased, turn bountiful crop with:9!'s labor and recuperate your ol
outland It will
worn by plL'turin! only oofat you i
cut flowers, many of which were quiterare the cakes quickly and send to the table postal card to send for an illustrated Catalogue,giving
hot. price,terms and te.ctirnonialH.! Also full informatloi
,'to us, the pricebeing reasonableas piping METAL L concerning our I. X. L. Grubber, Iron Giant Grul
; BEAN SOUP WITHOUT MEAT.Parboilone and Stump Machine,Two JIor o JIawkeyo and tithe:
compared with the fruits. These appliances for clearing timber land. Address
pint of beans, drain off the water and
WHEELS : JIILXE jrUNUFACTCniNG: CO., 003 8th St., !Uonmouth HI I
were,used to decorate hotel tables, as add fresh, and let boil until tender.season
well as those of private families.- with Bait and pepperadd a piece of butter for yourWAGONS dretltll\tllne FlnnnYIIIlc Jlrow.Shetland ad above Pony office Vorm.and l
Green's Fruit Grower. the size of a walnut, or more if preferred era! of Pure Shetland Panic

<< ; when done skim out half the beans, .

We feel l safe in that there is leaving the broth and the remaining half Any size yon want,20
saying of the beans, now add a teacup of creamor to 56 in.high. Tires 1 SEEDS IN SEASON.
five times the quantity of gray moss rich milk a dozen or more crackers to 8 wide-hubs to = =Y :

upon the trees in Daytona than there broken up; Jet it boil and serve. fit Cost any many axle times Haves in -

was five years since. The effect can NOODLES FOR SOUP.-One teacup of a season to have set

be seen with any one who uses his flour, two tablespoons of yeast, a little of low wheels for hauling to fit Cow Peas; Whippoorwill, Clay, Red Un-
in in salt and two eggs, mix hard with milk gram your wagon, fodder manure, -- known, Sugar Crowder, Wonderful,
.eyes passing along our streets, and roll out thin as a wafer on a well- hogs, &0. No resetting of =afires. Black and Conch. Upland Rice,
dead or defoliated trees and branches. floured board, cover with a cloth and set & Oatl'g free. Address Beggar Weed, MilletsPearland

'The destruction of all the lovely trees in a warm place (not hot); after an houror EMPIRE'. MFG.ilL CO., German. Spanish

that now beautify our wide avenues two, cut into small pieces and drop into fculncy, Peanuts, and all
; the soup; boil ten minutes and serve
and shade
provide a grateful duringthe FORAGE PLANTS.Also .

hot days of.summer, is but a question hot.NOODLES No. 2.-Add as much sifted FLORIDA REM ESTATEWanted
: Garden Seed at lowest prices.
of .few if the is
a years moss per- flour to one egg; as it will absorb, and a list.
Send for price
mitted to go on accumulating.Daytona little salt, roll as thin as a wafer, dredge in Exchange for Unencum-

Journal.! very lightly with flour, turn over and beredMA55AITHU5ETT5 L. CAMERON ,
> <4< over into a large roll, slice from the ends, Seedsman,
, shake the strips and drop into the soup.
EDTTABE LOTS JACKSONVILLE, FLA,
,Mr. Kirby of Mount Royal Put- ,
THICK ICING.-Put into a sauce-pan,
nam county, has a large grove, com- one pound of granulated sugar and halfa Each.
posed in great part of seedling trees, pint of water, stir continually over the at $100

the 'branches of which have always fire until the sugar is dissolved, then boil STAHL'S EXCELSIOR
without stirring until the syrup spins a
,been allowed to grow and droop closeto heavy thread from a spoon dipped in it; 'Hear Station and Bathing Beach. t\\\\f.111\1'\'\\\, \ ''',':,,1''''' Spraying Outfits
the In the week's freezeof !; ,4 ,
: insects
ground. beat the whites of two eggs to a very =ul'I.'i 1 kill blight
1886 the grove escaped injury.and stiff froth; add the syrup to them gradually -. ;i,; and vent wormy leaf fruit.

also from this year's, while other beating rapidly all the while; then AGENCY ")::11(; Insure a heavy
CHAPIN FARM ; : > ,yield of all i
of .
riot so well protected have add a quarter of a teaspoon cream riP"' irult and
groves tartar, and beat until cold and thick; 3-23-tf St. Augustine, Fla. vegetablecrops.
been cut to the ground. The trees of flavor to taste. .
--
Mr. ,Kirby's grove are now ,in full ... a Thousands
bloom and he anticipates a of I WOVEN WIRE FENCE ,.- in use.j, '
crop Beware of Ointments for Catarrh Send 6 cts.
: Horse high bull iJ Lr"- for catal'g
next winter.-Metropolis.
oranges that contain Mercury, pig and chicken lI and full
<< Make It yourself to r II"'I",!:" treatise, onspraying.
A SLIGHT COLD, IF NEGLECTED, OFTEN as mercury will surely; destroy the sense .13to20 Ao $ I -: j arjr3iwiWMvrjv/ .
AT'rACKS THE LUNGS. "Brown's Bronchial of smell and completely derange the 50 styles. A man and >oy can makeKITSELMAN Borit-Titriir i (,'irctllar,free.Address
Troches" give immediate and effectual whole system when entering it through OBROS.ed> Ridgevillecud WILLIAM 8TAIIL, UUINOY, ILL..
relief. the mucous surfaces. Such articles should !
",
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THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.

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.
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION Florida In Her Adversity. George R. Fairbanks, the President of term in jail, a miscreant who oughtto

For One Year i............................82.00 Early one morning, as the writerwas the Fruit Exchange, said to the writera be hanged or shot within fortyeighthours. -
j For Six Month.......... .II...II II.... II... 1.00III : .
Foreign Countries ...It ..II It...... ...... 3.00 looking out over his orange grove: few .days ago :. "I came to the .

; Subscriptions in all cases cash in a blackbird flew_ up' with a mouthfulof State in 1842, seven years after the They administer justice that way in

advance. No discount allowed on one's straw. She circled around where_ great freeze of 1835, and all the orange Mexico. Yet, after all, we are accus-

own subscription(except in a club), but to once stood the shining ranks of trees, trees around St. Augustine and else- tomed to regard our civilization as

all be allowed agents a on liberal all subscriptions cash commission obtainedby will but where now are only the blue air where, were grown up and in full higher than the Mexican. Perhaps,

them. Write for terms. and the ash-heaps underneath. Finally bearing. I have seen trees send up in spite of all the maudlin work of

To every new subscriber we will send, she settled on top of the chimney and shoots fifteen feet in one season." petit juries and the torches and rifles

postpaid, a 'copy of Whitner's "Garden- examined the English ivy; then she of fool fury mobs, we are, getting on
ing in Florida." For two new sub- which stood '
flew to the palmetto up California a little.
scribers, at $2.00 each, we will send, Oranges.
.
amid the ruin then back to
postpaid, a copy of Moore's "Orange solitary ; What is the matter with the Cali--
Culture." the chimney, where she finally decidedto Secretary Wombwell's Report.
fornia ? The American
Rates of advertising on application. begin her nest in the ivy.A oranges Agri- From advance sheets of the reportof
culturist could be of
Remittances should be made by check, few days later he noticed an old never suspected Secretary L. B. Wombwell we
postal note money order or registered any partiality toward Florida. It pub-
orange Branch which somebody had copy the following table of the productions -
letter to order of lishes a special Southern Edition in
leaned against the *lre- for 1893 : .
FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER. evidently up which California almost

Jacksonville Fla. fence, and in a crotch of it only about invariably Field crops .......... ....... ...... $7,418,42409
figures at the head of the State reports Vegetable and garden products.... 1,070,40500
NOTICE two feet from the ground placed a few with details of economic and Fruit crOps ... ..... ............... 5.306,22592Live
sticks. A bunch of straw attractedhis ample stock...... ...... ........ 8,809,851 00
agricultural progress, while Florida Poultry......... ................ .... 632,851 00
If receive of this attention, and on examination he Dairy products..... ............... 1,011,355 00
you a copy found constructed robin's nest seldom has even one note devoted to I Miscellaneous products ... ........ 402,01845
a newly
which did not order, it because her do I
paper you ,with three eggs exposed to the pillageof (probably people Total.............. ........ .... $24,65103046
consider it an invitation to sub- not send them in). But in the last i
child. Under the head of manufactures
scribe. If do not want it any issue the he
Agriculturist
you says :
Do we not see in the action of these gives the following :
kindly hand it to a neighbor. "The orange trade is only fairly
birds a picture of our people in their Value of
The Eastern markets
satisfactory. Classified Industries. Products.
misfortune ? Florida mourns for her
.
CONTENTS.QSOvEANDORCHARDHardiness which her have been nearly submerged with of- Manufacturing fertilizers............ 9 386,000
royal orange' trees, were of soft and indifferent fruit Saw planing and shingle mills. .... 5,872,708
of theTri-Culture pride and her chief attraction, and for ferings not Mining............. ............. 1965.500
foliata Restoring the Trees Orantre
; ; alone from the coast but also from furniture and blacksmithing
Wagon factory -
as a Business! ; Fi Chestnuts, Ka-.... that fruit whose perfume was the most .., ........... .... ....... 138,400
kis Pears of the Kteffer 227 abroad and in order to the
; Prepotency move still and naval stores....
that could be to Turpentine 260,000Ice
Stilted or Low-H"aded Trees; Trouble in cheering gift brought low have been factories......... .... ... ....... 408,780
.... ...... ., ...... .. 228 goods extremely prices
Northern Orchards.
the invalid on many a Northern couch. Packing houses........ ....... .........
A Time to Thin Out.... ........ .... .... .... 229 made, the better class of offerings Ginning establishments............... .105.000 182,900
THE PINERY-Crop: Outlook; Pineapples in The cottage of the humble and the fair little Fisheries .. ... .. .............. 312,509

Bay Bloom.;.Effects.......;of...the... Freeze.... ....at...Biscayne......... 229FARMER mansion of the rich stand out alike in meeting disposition at a I Fibre manufacturing.... .... ............. 63.ooo
steadier figures although quotations Cigar and tobacco manufacturing. 62,500
AND TRUCKER-Strawberry Culture; unwonted glare and nakedness; every Founderies and brick yards ... ... 334.500
Preventing Degeuerat'on; God( Beggar- remain low. .. .... .....
weed Rice Culture broken window and spot of faded Shipyard and marine ways 27,500
Hay; Upland ; kgg every
Plant......... .............. .... ......230 Now, if ever, is the opportunity ofa Manufacturers of dairy products. .... 20 800
Truth About Ramie .... ... ................ 231 paint are revealed. By day the sun Canning factories. ............. ".. .... 124000
lifetime for the Californians.
Whatare
POULTRY-Making Farm Poultry Pay.... .... 231 light has a strange, garish look, and at "'"Miscellaneous ................ ........ 118,106

OUR Wash RURAL the HOME-Flower Face at Night;Garden.A Reply;No.HandBag 5; night the mocking-birds have no place they thinking about when they Totals.......... ........ .. ..... .. -.810,382,197--

.............. .... .................. 232 where they can sing. nearly submerge the Eastern mar- *Made of single articles which
Fruit Prices in London: Recipes... ....'". 232 kets with soft and indifferent fruit ? up
EDITORIAL. -Florida in. Her Adversity; Cali Never before did the pale green of could not be classified, without betraying -
fornia Oranges; Corruption; Sec- That is not the way to rise to the gre t-:
retary Womb Popular's Report; Railroad the oaks and the pear tre.es'seem :so ,private business.

,Commission, ..... .... .' ..............."., 235 welcome as now in.this gray and deso- ness.of the occasion.We .0.
Effect of Acid Phosphate on Germination; frankly that the Cali-i
Markets; St Louis Letter .......... .... .... 235. late waste. "I begin to like the looksof may say Railroad Commission.It .
fornia
LIVE STOCK=Moving Stockj'Jersey; Milk in it;" said a grower. "I am getting oranges we have sampled here is, a pity that this question in
the South; No-Fence Law in North Carolina in have been "soft"-
I ...................... ............ ........ 236 used to it. My house was a prison pen Jacksonville not this State is befogged and darkenedby
Chufas; Potash. to Color Fruit; The Kieffer quite the reverse, for they excel in
Pear in Jersey......... .................... 237 before, but now I can draw a full their the seed the passion of .narrow partisans.
Weather and Crops; Action of Fire on Soils 238 breath of air." The hardy roses are shipping quality-but What all men demand must eventually -

--- .-:-. putting out to the tips and the tenderestare lings are "indifferent." The Navels, be.decreed right and be established.The .
Weather in Jacksonville. however when
are fairly good ; one
combing up a little. green at the voice of the American people is

a" I base. penetrates the thick, hogskin peel, steadily and strongly for a mediator
a bD 1=1 ..cd..a.:,
\ DATB. ai Po W d q: D H tIS H a w But with all his brave words, say there is revealed a very palatable, juicy between themselves and the corpora-
::s interior free from seeds and with
00 00 a
- what he will, the grower feels,a sense tions and State after State is establish-
April .... .... 68 66 69 62 7 66 pulp which mostly vanishes in the eat-
.17 of personal grief and loss. The glorious ing commissions.: These great forcesin
.......
Apri13 .56 59 66 55 II 60 .22 We have with the
April ........50 5' 68 45 23 56 .0 green trees, with their rich, in- ing. no quarrel- modern civilization no longer oc-
........ California Navel it is little
April 56 6, 72 47 25 60 .0April6 only a
....to.. 62 68 74 55 19 64 .0 comparable perfume blossoms, are cupy themselves simply with questionsof
April .. ....68 71 766313 70 .0 and. Florida is not Florida with- lower than the best Floridas, good business they are practically an
gone ; ;
AprilS .......... 67 68 79 64 15 72 .07 enough to suit the vast majority of
out her trees. element of government and become
- orange may
Mean ........ 61 65 72'' 56 16 64 *'46 But. Florida 'raised the orange trees mankind probably as well as any other. instruments of oppression.In .

,Total rainfall. We are really at a loss to account for
once and she can raise them again. the middle ages the nobility oc-
E. R. DEMAIN, Observer. the criticism of the Agriculturist and
The people of Florida are not cast cupied very much the same relation
.. of California
-- the movement
down, they are not whipped. A few sluggish between the people and the crown
The ignis fatuus of alfalfa keeps oranges, at least of the Navels, in the
disappointed and unhappy souls, who that these colossal corporations occu-
springing .in Florida. It will markets-that is if
up never Northern peopleare
,
had not built wisely, who had done py in these days between the peopleand
be a real and general success in this all.
wanting oranges at
their work by the aid of the money- the government. It is consideredby
State, and the farmers had better real- .
lender will back to the from historians to havemarked
go places a very
ize that fact. We do not need it
; which they came, and it is better that Popular Corruption. positive gain to' mankind when the
there are several plants that will take
its place. they should. But of the permanent It is one of the poorest and cheapest people and the king combined were

> <<. residents of the State the vast majoritywill kinds of rhetoric imaginable to denounce enabled at length to wrench away

We have too many kinds of ballot remain, like the birds, and rebuild all legislative bodies as venal from the nobility their feudal preroga-

boxes and too many varieties of asses- their broken fortunes in the places and the entire judiciary as corrupt.Do tives and many of their oppressive

sors in this State. Particularism anda where they made them, or where per- not these penny-a-liners know that exactions.

miserable little local selfishness are haps they regamed'their lost health in so doing they are denouncing; also When the American States were

the bane of Florida; we need strong and have lived many pleasant years, themselves and the whole body of united under one government it was

and patriotic men to enforce one law,. perhaps the happiest of their lives. American voters? No stream can rise considered necessary to make the gov-

one ballot-box, one land value throughout No; the people of Florida are Amer- higher than its fountain-head. The ernment weaker than the European

the State. can citizens and they have the uncon- government of this country is not the examples, in order that the people

a << querable courage and fortitude of that government of intelligence, it is the might be stronger. Corporations were

rf.E There is a tolerably well authenticated greatest of all the men of antiquity, a government of the multitude.; The practically unknown then. They have

; story of twelve crates of Florida Roman citizen. They will stand still snake writhing in the fire bites its own arisen since the Declaration of Inde.

l.t-:, beans selling in New York at $20 a and see the salvation of Natureseeher flesh. The multitude, in a moment of pendence (from kings) was penned,

{" ... crate. A grower of'our acquaintance with a kindly hand restore the frenzied fury, lynch a malefactor on and the enormous power of banded

t. received over $30 for less than twenty fallen trees. the spot-one of themselves, really; capital has rendered it necessary that

r quarts of Lady Thompson strawberries. And this will accomplished sooner or, in a moment of maudlin sentimental the government should_ now be made

; than most men believe. Major weakness, let slip with a short stronger for the protection of the peo234 -

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H ._ --. .._ '" ,,- "c., ,.;.. ,u.r. ', ,-<'"'r.'!':.:'

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THB FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. 236
I .

.
, > ,,
pie. It is the old struggle of the king flarkets. TIT]

and the commons against the no-

bility. JACKSONVILLE, FLA April 12. FIRST NATIONAL BANK OF FLORIDA

England is ripe for a revolt against FRUITS AND PRODUCE. ,

the Lords, and it is time that the American These are Corrected average by quotations.Marx Bros.Extra choice jAorc ojvviiyivK.: : .

Lordsthe corporations,should lots fetch prices above top quotations, while poor I
The Oldest National Bank in
the State.This
have some of their prerogatives clip- lots sell lower. I .
Oranges, Messina! 200$...... ........ 300 I Bank, after twenty years of successful business, has just undergone a rigid special examination .
p d. If the States are not strong California Navels ..... .... 4.00 by the United States Comptroller's Department,and has had its charter extended for an
do it let the United States English Ptas bu..... ..._....... .... 1.60 other period of twenty years
enough to ................... .
Cowpeas, Clay, bu. 1.25 By conservative, yet liberal methods, this bank has achieved the highest reputation for solidity,
Government take, up the controversy.The Whippoorwill.... ........ 1.50 strength and ability to meet legitimate demands.We .
...... ...... ....
Red
called Ripper. 1.95 invite a visit or correspondence, looking toward business relations, assuring that
same managers who upon Black Eye,... ...... ........ 2.00 favors shall at all times receive intelligent and careful attention. you your
Washington for troops to protect cor- Cocoanuts.... ... .... ......... 3.50 '
Peanuts best brand...... ............03 10.04 J I JAMES M. SCHUMACHER, R. C. COOLEY
porate interests in Chicago, must sub- apples, bbl................ .. 5.50 President. Cashier.
mit that fatal which they beets, bbl................... 2.50
to logic Potatoes. bbl. Burbanks.... .......... 2.50 Safe Deposit Boxes For Rent.
thereby set up, and acknowledge the sack .......... ........... .... 2.30 ,
Early Rose, N. Y.seed...... 2.75 I.
right of that power which commandsthe Hebron seed............... .. 2.75
to demand also the obedi-- Peerless.. .. ... .... ,......... 2.75 DAVIDSON & co.,
troops Chili Red ...... ....... .... .. 2.75
ence of corporate officers and em- Onions, bbl. .....,...... ............... 3.25 COMMISSION MERCHANTS.
Eggs... .... .. --...........-..... ...... .I4 -
ployes., VEGETABLES AND POULTRY. .

.Effect of Acid Phosphate on Germi- Yellow Yams Corrected, bush.by.Davis.......&...Robinson. ...... .50 HEADQUARTERS FOR FLORIDA FRUITS. t
nation. Sweet Potatoes ....". ...... ........ .50
Hubbardsquas., bbl... ORANGES, LEMONS, PINEAPPLES, EARLYjVEGETABLES OF ALL KINDS
The Arkansas Experiment Sta- Lettuce, doz.,... .........::;;:;:;.;;.:; 25 to .30
Celery...... .................,,..... .. .35 to .50 No. 20 West Front Street, Cincinnati, Ohio.
tion has made a series of comparative EggPlants, bbl ............ .......... 5io0to6.00
tests the results of which are interesting Tomatoes, crates ... .........,...... 3 00
Sweet Pepper, bu. none................. 3.00 PETTIIJ3UE1..GrPm1V1VSYLV: : : : .A.N.A..
to Floridians, especially to the Okra, bu, none.... ..................
of rock. The Green Beans ....... ... ,:..... ..... 2.5010300
producers phosphate Peas.... ....i........-..... .... 2.ooto 2.50 Somers Brother: & Co. ESTABLISHED'
first series was made to,determine the Turnips, bunch...,. ................... .03 to.06 1876.
Cucumbers, crate................ .... 7.00 .
effect of different fertilizers on germination i- Pumpkins, each................. ..... 05 to .15
Kershaws, each.... I.i ..... ......... xoto .15 Commission Fruits and Prod
Parsley, per doz.. bunches......*..... .20 to.25 Merchants.Refer UCS.
The soil used for this experiment Carrots,Fla., per doz. bunches... ..... .25 to .30
and had not Green onions per doz. bunches....... .20 to .30 to Banks, Mercantile Agencies and t the business community of Western Pennsylvania.
was light, sandy, poor, Pepper, hot bushel, none........... 1.50 to 2.00 Market Reports, special references to regular shippers, shipping stencils, stamps, etc.,furnished -
for two years previous been fertilizedat Sage well cured, Ib..................... .10 to. 15 free on application. INQUIRIES AND CORRESPONDENCE INVITED.
........
Lima Beans, shelled, qt, none
all, and very little had ever been Hens........ _.-................-...... ..... .35
it. The fertilizers were distri- Roosters.. .......... .. .............. .25 to .30 Bradley B.
Louis Redfield. Eugene Rcdfleld.
given Broilers................................. .I8 to.25 Our St. Letter.
Dnted? in well opened furrows and Turkeys, per pound,gross............ .12 to .14 Editor!; Farmer and Fruit-Grower.
with the soil. Ducks.......................: ....... ... 30 to .40 Crystal Springs, Miss., one of the largest -. ESTABLISHED 1871.
thoroughly incorporated Geese................. ...........,..... .40 shipping points in the South for vegetables -
They were covered with two furrows,. New Beets, per too. ..... .................. i.oo to 2.00 and fruits reports under date of REDFIELD & SON,
WaterCress, per doz...... .......... .35 to .40 ,
and the narrow bed thus made'raked Cauliflower doz...... ...... ..... ...2.5010300 April 4: "Prospects are good for a peach
to nearly a level before the peas were New Potatoes, bbl .................... 5.00 to 6.00 crop. The acreage of tomatoes is verylargelarger Commission MerchantsAND
Florida Cabbage, each............. .... .8 to 12 than either of the
planted. One hundred apparently Strawberries qt..... .... ...... .... .iotoi2# big cropsof
to the past two years, but, the bulk of the
each Asparagus, Fla. per 15 20 : -
.. sound 'planted over
were
peas 9 m crop will be a little later than usual, unless -
;'J'. ', V fertilizer. The table gives the average 'PHILADELPHIA, April 6. warm weather should continue with-

' fc':zE/ of two plantings, one made the first Tomatoes, receipts very light and demand out interruption, to enable plants to catchup Fruit Auctioneers, .

r''r,.:,;:'* and the other the last week in April. strong; choice, well-ripened stockin the lost time through the February
;; Four hundred-pounds each of the fertilizers carriers, selling 4.00 to 5.00; fair to freeze, which killed such a large quantity 141 Dock Street, Philadelphia, Pa.
'or good, 3.00 to 3.50; peck boxes, 75c to 1.25 of plants.".

,'c' .,,-.: were used per acre. as to quality; string beans, scarce: .and Evinston? Fla, reports_the loss. of her either We handle at private all kinds sale (which of Fruits has and heretofore Vegetable.been,

PER CENT.GERMINATED.. wanted, at from 7 00 to 9.00, per box; great cabbage crop, which used to be so our custom) or by the auction system (recently
'" "; '':':. green peas, in light supply and when freely shipped to Northern markets; also added to our business) as you may desire.
,I ". \_' 01 ; rI: strictly choice will sell at 4.50 to G.OO per her crops of green peas. The first vegetables

... ... u a ..uj .. crate, but ordinary stock is selling downto from there will be some string {'I )
.,: "_'. I 2.00 to 3.00; squashes, when choice beans, at about the 20th of April. Uma- '
..:: : VARIETIES OF PItAS. y.: rn c y o bu ybb and tender, soil readily at 2.50 to 3.00 per tilla, Fla., reports fine vegetable crops, 'Produce Sold

';.,., ,: =.t11 bub= = = crate; new beets, are, wanted at 8 to 12. but the parties who undertake to controlor .
., : '; : ::s ::s :: ::s = bushel crates at 2.50 to consign the stuff must make advancesto I Quick and paid for quick, Is the way our shin
a o. au ag ... per bunch, or ..pers of Fruits and Vegetables like It; arid
.' AZ < 3.00 cucumbers, if here and choice will many of the growers who suffered so I,'our 40 ears'oxperienc0withoutdefaultinga i

_. 8. 8 eh go tl.Q sell at; 8.00 to 10.00 per crate; ordinary, much by the loss of early plantingscarried M)Ity.dollar Any is guaranty bank cr merchant both of ability using and mercantile stabil '
'." to 5.00 new potatoes, are being away by the blizzards. Umatillawill I reports can tell our standing.
3.50 ; (
., Alaska..... .. ... .... ..... ,.... 6 4 would sell aboutas commence on and beans about i As wo uover buy, wo never have goods ot
if here peas
' 86 98 asked for and '
Bishop's Dwarf Long Pod .. 72 53 our own for the best prices, leaving that oi i
Carter's stratagem. ....... .... 74 42 96 76 'follows: prime, per barrel, 9.00 to : the 15th of April. )growers for second place. We want more '
Dwarf Blue Imperial....,.. ... 85 34 91 73 10.00 seconds 6.50 to 7.50; culls, 4.00 to Oranges are not selling fast, either, I .consignments for increasing trade. AFTER
., ........ .... 85 96 68 ; INQUIRING AS TO OUR STANDING
navels
Dwarf Sugar 70 5.00 lettuce, very scarce and with an ex- and all sorts, except California THY US. A TRIAL WILL COST YOU'NOTHING
Extra Early, or First and Best. 69 92 100 93 ; '
AND
YOU MAY
McLean'sLtttleGem. "... .... 69 71 88 42Average. ceptional good demand; prick s are very are rather badly neglected, especially the I HEST. LIKE OULMETIIOIS ,
- firm anything good selling readily at Valencia fruit.Strawberries. Letters answered promptly. Stencils anu
... ....... ........ .. 66 57 85 59 ; basket cabbage with the have been coming hero cards free. Bend your name for our little
3.50 to 5.00 per ; I book about marketing Fruit Vegetables;
Average,Alaska excluded..... 75 t f6 95 68 old cabbage about out of the way and freely all week-most of them from Flor
very light arrivals of new, prices are firm ida. The weather being cool and favora- French & Co.f :
*The Alaska peas Jailed to germinate at all in at 4.00 to 5.00 per barrel or barrel crate, ble for the transportation and keeping of
the second planting, and the figures representonly' first. and, in a few instances when stock is the fruit, the condition of most of the of- ; 116 Warren St., New York. .

the per--cent. germinating. from \he\ solid and heads of medium size, will ex- ferings has been fair to good. Later, in ,

ceed the above price; strawberries, con- warmer weather, only those coming from
x Ellenton began shipping beans last tinue moderate, but fully equal to the de- Florida in refrigerators can be relied on

week and, will be shipping Irish pota- mand as the weather is still cold and unfavorable to reach here in good order and the

toes in two weeks. There are fifty but with better weather we pony refrigerators are not always in nice A gentleman (from Chuluota informsus

acres in beans at this point, also one look for an active demand and some shape either. The greatest care must be that nine-tenths of the rabbits killedin

hundred of One hun- better prices; we quote : average receiptsin exercised in the packing-for with the his section are found to be providedwith
acres potatoes.
40 crates, warmer weather the ice disappears occasionally -
refrigerators, 30 to c.; open ,
dred acres in potatoes are reported in 25 to 35c.; a few fancy large will exceed all too soon. Texas has been a yard or two of that strange intestinal

the Peterson hammock, and we believe these prices REDFIELD & SON. shipping some also, the Michel's Early excrescence. He reports that

about as many more are found in other .-.-.------- variety, a pale uninviting berry that suffers he found a tape worm in a large carp he

sections.-Manatee River Journal. Pittsburg, April Strawberries, per so by comparison with the Florida I was dressing. Upon examination he
25:> to 45 Cucumbers, extra fine, per fruit that it sells much lower.It .
qt, ; Floridathat found that it had a double head, or
1,25 to 1.75 good ordinary, 75 to is reported in local papers in
dozen ,
It is to be hoped the Florida Legis. 1.00 Lettuce, large; per doz, 50 to GO; several excursionists who visited the one on each corner of the larger end
;
lature, which convenes in a few days, small, 30 to 40; i bush basket, 50 to GOi.; Manatee River two weeks ago carried off of its body. He forwarded the rare \

will enact some, law giving justices of I head, per bbl. 6.00 to 7.00; Celery, N. 0., orange blossoms enough to make severalcar specimen to the National Museum.

the peace power to .impose fines and per bunch, 80 to 1.00; Cauliflower, large, loads of oranges. ,
P. M. KIELY.
criminals for small fancy, per doz. 2,00 to 2.50; California,
.
;
punishment upon
thousands of per case, 2.50 to 2.75; Asparagus, Cal, per Budwood.Note T. Denby shipped 7,000 bunchesof ,1.
offences, and thus save doz. 2.00 to 3,00; Charleston, per bunch; California radish yesterday. This .is an im. \,

dollars in Criminal Court expenses'and 40to 75; Peas, Cal, per crate, 2.50 to 3.00, change in price of buds in the ad- mense shipment for one day.-Gains- ,:,
for feed of prisoners awaiting trial.- Onions, Havana, per crate, 2.15 to 2.25. vertisement of 0. D. Wilhite, Riverside, ville Sun. !

Marion Free Press. Potatoes, per bbl 7.00 to 750. California. ,







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THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FBtJlT-aKOWER..



Live Stock. ter for this climate, I do not object to ORANGE GROWERS,

the Devon or any, other cow that will

..........
give enough milk to pay for its keep- ATTENTION !

Moving' Stock. ing. Nor do I object to a well-raised, .

well-kept Florida I know of
cow. 4r
A dealer in Jerseys told us thata u .
some from which the flow of milk is I am abte to!supply! with Orange and Lemon
Tennessee cow brought to Florida almost bud wood of standard varieties, such asIIABT'S
abundant and rich from
as as an aver-
invariably died while a cow TARDIFJ,
Devon or Jersey. MAJORCA, e I L I N 14'"pr
age
from North Georgia generally enduredthe RUBY.
removal with comparative impunity. I have one little,muley,short-necked, JAFFA.SANFORD'S J

clean-limbed full-blooded Florida cow MEDITERRANEAN,
,
On the other hand he found
that I gave a one-horse load of hay for MALTA BLOOD.MED. .
that a cow moved from Cherokee SWEET! ,
when a six-months calf. She has been ST. MICHAEL, .
county, Georgia, down to Marietta, DANCY TANGERINE,
only ordinarily cared for since but Shortest Quickest Most Attractive
of the same State-only about twenty CHINA MANDARIN, .Etc., ,
when fresh with small feed of bran
a At the following prices
five miles-seldom escaped severe ill- ;
1'O tJ'I'E
ness and often died. We believe night and morning, and ordinary pasturage -: 1000, $5.00; 3000 $12.00; 6000 $20.00.
very she three of milk BETWEEN
that the mere migration in degrees of gives gallons CASH WITH ORDER.In FLORIDA POINTS AND THE NORTH
as rich that ot of
daily as cow
any any
latitude has less to do with the animal'shealth Lemons. Lisbon, Villa Franca, Eureka, at THE;
breed.
than the in soil and water same prices.Buds .
change
delivered without further cost to and Florida
Anybody can have a good milch you Central and PeninsularNEW
; for instance, from limestone to guaranteed to arrive in fine order. Orders
who will manifest inter- booked for Address
cow enough now June delivery. ,
sandy etc. THROUGH ROUTES.'
est and to do If can't C. S. BURGESS,
care so. you New York to Jacksonville
A dairyman who brought down by
suit select Riverside Nurseries, New Florida Pennsylvania R. R. to Washington
to -
buy one you, just a good
Riverside Cal.
,
Jersey cows from Indiana to his farm and Southern Railway to
last winter told us heifer calf, at weaning time, and feedit Reference.-Orange Growers' Bank, Riverside, Northern Columbia, Florida Central &
near Jacksonvi'le from the start. Save the Cal. Florida reference given if wanted. Air.Line.Cincinnati Peninsular to principal
that he lost 48 head before he learned up drop-- J points Florida.
and ,. them and it will
the secret of the difficulty. After he pings compost Cincinnati to Jacksonville by
pay for all the feed if properly applied.In FraucKrFruit?: Wrappers. Queen & Crescent to Chattanooga -
began to put lime in their drinking I and Southern R'y to Ever-
the trouble abated and two years, or three'at the outside, Florida}ette, Florida Central & Penin-
j water soon
Limited. sular to all Florida
she will calve and then is the time to Important
'
ultimately ceased. points.
NO MORE CHEATING.
make a good milk cow. I have known
N Kansas City Kansas City, Fort Scott &
hundreds to be so used and have rare Consumers of Fruit Wrappers may andJackso'ville Memphis It.R.to Kansas ,
1.to Birmingham, Southern R'yTh
Jersey Milk in the South. ly known one to fail. There is good now know that they get an honest ream Line to Everette, Fla. Central &;

Editor' Farmer and Fruit Grower: stock in Florida to build on and it can of 480 sheets and not 400 or 320 sheetsto ro Peninsular to all Fla. points.

; sometimes get mad, and I know I ream as some unscrupulous dealers Louis to Jacksonville by
be brought to perfection just as any 1St. Short Line to Du Quoin,
ought not to do it, but when a man other. But. it is useless to attempt supply. Holly Sp'gs Central to Holly Sp'gs I ,

will deliberately sit down and writean this unless more attention is paid to OUR "FAIR AND SQUARE"Printed Route. City to,Birmingham Memphis &,Sou.Birmingham -

advertisement and make the state- J R'yto Everette and F. 0. & P.
.
; ment that the milk of a high-bred pasturage.I Wrappers are put up in packages' Sioux City & Chicago to Jack-
am very much abused by some of 1000 each, and each Wrapper is sonville, Ill. Cent. to HollyRoute
aristocratic Jersey cow, such as my people because I advocate Johnsongrass numbered, in printing, consecutively, gs}Sp'gs, K., C. M.. & B. to Birmingham -
Sou. R'y to Ever- .
Lily is, "is .not fit to drink in the as. a good thing ; in fact, one of from 1 to 1000. No one can ette and the F._C. & P. \
South and the editor publishes it ina '" Louis'ille & Nash'ille
neighbors threatened to to law to River
my
go
i HONESTLY"BEAT New Orleans Junction. F. C. & P. only.
read the
paper so extensively as with me because I hauled a load 'Of To }route with through sleepersJackso'ville

FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER without I Johnson grass hay across his land. our prices. Send for samples and prices Jacksonville.The between New. Orleans and

comment, I just effervesce, and if Well I think of it but will toTHE
a heap not
F. C. & P. has 700 miles of track In
there was not a vent-hole 'somewhere, speak of its meritsnow, but will say, JERSEY CITY PRINTING CO., Florida running through the :
there would be great danger of an ex- Tobacco Regions, '
what I have is twelve fifteen inches
to JERSEY CITY, N. J. Stock banning and Dairy Section,
plosion. Well, I-I-I'd just "bust. Peach and Strawberry Lands,
this'first of and
high day April soon ,
Now, in singing the praises of the N. B.-We do not deal in unprinted Orange, Banana and Pineapple Country, .
fills a horse or cow.Vho has any wrappers. Phosphate Belt.,
mild-eyed Jersey's clear cut head and Has the Silver Spring and
as good ? Will here
grass. say right Other Vine Scenery.The .
neck trim shanks extended udder
that Great Hunting Country.
Johnson grass cut or pasturedat FRUIT TREES.
and large flow of rich milk, when Reaches the Noted Fishing Grounds. .
the right time, that is before it FOR Has the best lands for tillage, greatest variety -
properly fed and attended to;>-which commences to bloom or go to'seed, is SOUTHERN ORCHARDS.Write of soils in the State, and above all

is absolutely necessary to make good a good thing after that it is Runs over the Central RIdgreland
milkers of breed-I do not mean ; a very for Catalogue and price list.JENNINGS' Where It Is High and Healthy.
any poor thing. More of this hereafter. Prosperous towns fill its route and it offers
to detract from the merits or to say Now is the time this NURSERY CO., the best freight facilities for any produce to
to
j agitate mat- "" "ntr".vI11. n. the Northern markets. Send for the popular
word the Devons. Wouldbe
one against
ter of stock and grass, but we must song-

glad to see lots of them in Florida. not let it end like the potash question, POURS. "MY FLORIDA HOME."
.
They are certainly good milkers with Its spirited words and beautiful music
in hurting people's:: feelings. By Pressing the Lid. descriptive of an actual Florida Home, and

but then we don't need work oxen in CHAS. W.. CAMPBELL, SR. ,,,:..\,,, ,. which is gotten up in elegant style-Six' pagesof
full sized best music
,
Florida; oxen are too slow ; one mule Plantation Marion .,'\\'II\,\I"\\\,,,,,...."'. of home in paper containing also
f Campobello Co. \"""'"",,"" a picture a Florida and a hunting
will do more than two oxen in Florida p ." \' ; F- scene. It is mailed on receipt of 10 cents (in .
stamps, to pay expense of distribution.) I
work and cost less. No-Fence Law in North Carolina. Ii Send also for the best map of Florida (sen
"Jersey milk not fit to drink in the Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower : i- free) and note the towns on its route.A.O.MAODONELL.O.P.A.

i";. South ? Why, mothers in Ocala The railroads got a bill through the %< //l Jacksonville, Fla.,

when they have sick children send out Legislature of North Carolina to haveno -

!t. to my home to get unskimmed Jersey fences, or, in other words to com- J 1IS 4 The Fla. Cent. & Peninsular R. R.

t milk for them, and it is a very common pel owners of stock to keep them off Offers to Shippers \

\ thing for ladies and gentlemen to of other people's lands. The rail- II I umalai' pI The Shortest and Quickest Route

;: ride out to my place just to drink Jersey roads did this to. protect themselves, Tea and Coffee pots artistic design with novel BETWEEN

F., milk, and they enjoy it.Vhen of course. It was done without a vote each.method Ask of pouring.for them Prices or send from for$3.50 illustrations.THE : to$17.25:. FLORIDA AND ALL POINTS IN

r they have church festivals in Ocala of the people;; the popular vote would ASBURY.PAINE. MFG. CO., PHILA.,PA. THE EAST AND WEST.

., they frequently come to me for a con- un.have_ killed,_.__ it_. _sure.___, I_ am____ informed. This is a good Ting.FARMER'S With Improved Ventilated Cars, this com-

i'. tribution( Jersey milk to make their .I have talked with a great many SAW MILLworks pany handle Is the better Orange equipped and Vegetable than ever Crops ever, and to

ice cream. We drink it at home three farmers in this and other no-fence successfully with 4 insure close connections and prompt despatch
to all Easteru and Western Markets.
times a day and grow fat on it. counties, and have never yet found I and Water Wheels. h. p., also Grinding Mills Through, cars to destination with

1':., Can it be possible we are all mis- one that would have it repealed.I out change or.delay.

taken in this matter, and have been They say that they thought it wouldbe DeLoach Mill Mfg. Co.. shippers Perishable advised freight time followed passing various by wire Junction ,and-

". using milk for so long that is not fit ruinous. It was hard, at first, on 323 Highland, Ave., Atlanta, Ga. points and arrival at destination.

o';: to'drink in the South ? those who had scrub cattle and "razor- adjusted.All claims for overcharges and loss prompt-

My dear sir, that don't go down back hogs" enough running on the See that your goods are markedvia

with me anywhere near as well as the range to eat up all they could raise 40,000 F. C. & P. R. R. .
For Information call on or address the .
Jersey milk does. So, as for me and during the year, but they find by ex- Royal Dwarf Banana Suckers for sale at : undersigned -
house will drink- perience that make 0. E. TAYLOR Trav. A'gt. Ocala, Fla.
we just keep they and
my on more W. B. TUCKER, Gen. A'g't, Orlando, Fla. .
: ing Jersey milk. better milk and butter, better beef and $5 per 100, or $40 per 1.000. G. :M. IIOLDEN, Trav A gt, Loesburg. Fla.
W. R. FULLER,
Whilst I like Jerseys, and think hogs, get more money (for their prod.. Apply to Or N.S. PENNINGTON.Trav. A'g't Traffic, Manager,

. them the best for both milk and but- uce than ever before, and it. saves Jacksonville,Fla.
" CHAS. T. VERBEKE, Sarno, Fla. W, H. PLEASANTS, General Freight Agt

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..., THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. \ 237
:. f-. I .
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'"
. about $40,000 a year to the farmers Potash to Color Fruit. -
of the country. Some. of our best fruit growers and To Orange- Growers.
The cattle in these counties appearfat experts, among them D. Willard of
and well,and many of the farmersare Geneva, N. Y.; J. H. Hale of Glas-
getting blooded cattle and hogs. tonbury, Conn., as also Prof. Robertsof The largest crop and best grade of fruit can only be obtainedby

Halifax and Northampton counties, Cornell University, in discussingthe using fertilizers containing
-the latter a fence county, are dividedby question of "fertilizers for fruits,"

the Roanoke river. I saw good, were very emphatic in warning againstthe Not Less than 2o/0 Actual Potash.
fat cattle in Halifax and poor, scrub excessive use of nitrogenous fertilizers ( )
ones in Northampton. I was reliably especially of fresh yard manures, for
informed that the butchers pay two to orchard and small fruits. These This is equally true of pine-apples and other tropical 'fruits.

three cents a pound more for Halifax crops, they say, need mineral plant' .
cattle than they will for those of foods more than nitrogen. Wood Our books on Potash are sent free. They will cost you nothing to read, and will save
Northampton. The butchers talk of : ashes in combination with bone or you dollars. GERMAN KALI WORKS,93 Nassau Street, New York.

the cattle of the two counties as if other forms of phosphoric acid are JOHN L. MARVIN,
corn-fed were beyond comparison especially recommended. Hale uses President. .
with range stock. bone and muriate of potash (or kain- H. T. BAYA Cashier. THOS. W. CONRAD, "
No-fence law; that is, keeping your ite in place of the latter) in heavy CAPITAL $100,000. Assistant Cashier"
cattle off of other people's land, is a doses. "You can't paint red cheekon
fine success in North Carolina, though a peach without potash," he says. '
here it has been forced on the farmer, Among domestic manures, wood ashes THE MERCHANTS' NATIONAL BANK

as by only such means will some sec- even if leached, must always stand in ,
tions have this great good given them. the front rank as a fertilizer for fruits. JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA,

W. S. MOORE. The leached ashes may be put on in Respectfully.solicits your Deposits, Collections and Genera
Halifax County, N.' C.Chutas. very heavy applications, even of sev- Banking Business.CORRESPONDENCE '
> 4 eral hundred bushels per acre, and -
they, furnish plant-food in iust about_ INVITED.
I A correspondent of the Southern the right proportions for these crops, DIREC'rORSI
. i Planter; writing for the latitude of although it would do no harm, and John L. Marvin, A. B. Campbell, Chas. Marvin,
Virginia, says: This is a species of perhaps some good, to apply a small H. T. Baya, T. W. Roby, Judge R. B. Archibald
\ thej;grass nut, and is fit for nothing quantity of potash besides, say a hun- Judge E. M. Randall. C. B. Rogers W. M. Davidson,
to feed hogs and fowls for Dr' H. Robinson. John E. Hartrldsre.,
I. except ; dred pounds of muriate or twice that
these purposes it is probably the most amount of kainite, preferably in the --

valuable plant grown.It SAVINGS AND TRUST BANK
thrives best on light dry land, fall.Unleached wood ashes may be usedat ,
and it can be, planted any time from the rate of twenty to fifty 'bushelsper OF FLORIDA '
May 1st to July ist: June 1st being acre; but a few hundred poundsof .
about the best time. It should be JACKSONVILLE.'
bone-meal or acid phosphate (dissolved -
CAPITAL $50,000.
planted in rows three feet apart and bone dissolved rock) should ,
1 one foot apart in the row. The chu- be given with it.-Farm and Fireside. H. ROBINSON, President.. W. J. IIAIIKISHEIMER,Vice-Pres..
fas should be soaked in water three -. .- KAWLINSON, Cashier,
days before planting, and\ should be The Kieffer Pear in Jersey.A ,-
dropped in moist,soil i34 to 2 inches Mr. Denise stated before the 'DIRECTORS :
deep; 200 pounds of good fertilizer. New Jersey Horticultural Society that H. ROBINSON, J. HILDFBRANDr, P. B. MCMURRAY,
W. J. HARKISHEIMER, PHILIP WALTER R. H. LIGGETT,
should be used per acre. he had 1,600 trees 10 years from the J. A. HENDERSON, C. C. ROBERTSON; W. B. OWEN.
In.about two weeks after planting, bud and_ they were as large as Bartletts Collections made on all points Florida,and Remitted for on day of Pay-
the young plants will appear above 25 years old. It is the most vigorous ment. Active and Savings Accounts Solicited. Interest Paid on .
the ground looking like a strong grower in the pear line, healthy, and Savings.
coarse .nut grass. They should be productive, good to handle when fit
hoed,and plowed twice during the to pick, hangs on well and not liableto
season, and weeds and grass kept blow off., The fruit is evenly distributed FLORIDA FRUIT EXCHANGE.

down.In and should be thinned to save .
two months the ground will be the tree from breaking down. Its
An Incorporated Home Association Growers for marketing Florida Fruit to the.
covered with the rank grass produced, beauty sells it. One hundred trees best advantage.-;AUTHOR CAPITAL $300.000.
BOX MATERIAL-The Exchange Is fully prepared to supply boxes and paper on
and this can be mowed for hay, or produced 191 bbls. sold for 24830. order. Write fdr price list and terms.
cows can be turned on it. It willquickly 940 trees, 8 and 9 years old, last year -: OFFICERS :-
reproduce this new growth, produced 791 bbls. which sold for GEO. R.ALBERT FAIRBANKS M. IVES President.Gen'l Mgr and Treas. M.D. P.GREENLEAF TURNER ,Secretary.Vice-President.
ando or three cuttings can be had. $1028.30. His average price was $1.30 DIRECTORS-Geo. it.1'airbanks, Alachua; E. G. Hill, Bradford Co.: Dr.'E. B.'Pratt
I Ior'horses Hillsboro Co.; John Fabyan, Lake Co.: Hy Crutcher, Orange Jo.; D. Greenleaf, Duval Co.;
It is excellent green food for cattle per'bbl. clear of all expense. This J. D. Mead, Duval Co.: A. Brady Brevurd CO.LF. U. Sampson, Marion Co. ; C. V. H1llyer.
Marion Co. John M. llryanJ.Osccolu Co.; W.E.. Stanton, Putnam Co.; M. S. Moreman'St.'
In
it is ;
but dried
coarse. was not a remarkably large story, '
Johns 00.; C. }'. A. ielby, volusia Co.; Irving Keck, Polk Co. -
three months from planting, the larger ones had been recorded, but Address correspondence to the Florida Fruit Exchange Jacksonville, Fla, Stencils,
tubers will be grown, and hogs can be his was actual facts taken from his with full packing and snipping instructions furnished on application.

turned on the field. They will root books and he was well satisfied. If

up..and eat the chufas, and will fatten setting an orchard now, would set i JOHN CLARK SON & CO.
with remarkable rapidity, and will be- Bartlett to 999 Kieffer in 1000 trees. ,

come fat enough for slaughter on the He said nothing of the quality ; he Commission MerchantsDEALERS
\ nuts alone, but no hog should'be killed grew them for the dollars he could,get Grocers ,
from the chufa field until he has been out of them. His profit was what he
kept'in a pen two or three weeks, and was after. IN

fed corn or some other food ; for if Coal, Hay, Grain, Wines, Liquors, .
not so fed, the dirt eaten with the There are 106 phosphate mines in
chufas will injure the meat. Hogs Florida which yield on an average of Cigars, Tobacco, Etc.

will eat chufas all winter, as they are 500,000 tons annually, which brings Flo1'ida.. "
not injured except by the severest into our State something like $3,500- 'J"aclison.ille: ,

weather, and two furrows of earth 000 or on an average of $6.00 per ton.
throVnon, the bed with ''a plow before Orange groves would go neglected it PRICE- LIST OF WHISKIES:
MANONGAHELA RYn.t 50 CABINET BOURBON.... .............. .96 oo I
cold weather will protect them per- we all owned a phosphate plant- .... ......................... ,
PARKER..... .................. ........... 175 J. MARTIN RYE 300
,until spring. Lakeland Farm and Fireside. ORANGE VALLEY........... ............. 2 oo VIRGINIA GLADES............... .......... 4 oo !
fectly SPRING VALLEY.......,.' ................. 250 OLD BOURBON................... ..O'Ot 5 oo
One acre will fatten ten or fifteen BALTIMORE CORN......... .............. 2 00 KENTUCKY. SOUR MASH..............., 5 oo
bushel of chufas will Daytona, owing to the cutting downof NORTIICAROI.INACORN... ............. 250 OLD BAKER......... ............1'........ 5 oo
hogs, and a half the orange trees, ,will be a much CLIFTON CLUB........ ...... ... .......... 300 l10NI'RoSlVnLVnTRYu..600JUGS I
plant an acre. .. cooler town than ever before and the EXTRA: One gallon 250; two gallon 500; three gallon, 75C., Remit by post.office,
money order, check or registered letter. We cannot ship C. O. D. Remit with order.A .
.Over 775 miles of railway is pro- admission of sunshine and wind cer- complete price-list of Groceries, and Wine List, sent free on application.
cted and under construction withinhe tainly help preserve its reputation for
JOHN CLARK SON & CO.
borders of Florida-Floridian. healthfulness.Journal.. I

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238 THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.


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WEATHER AND CROPS. CENT-A- WORD- OOLUMN.'J

.
pN v HqM To insure insertion in this column, advertisements :.
For the Week April 8. '
Ending must be accompanied by the money. '
Advertisements must not exceed fifty words. '

The weather, during the past week was, Postage Stampa received in payment. ,
.PUB Count every word,IncludinK name and address.
on the whole, very favorable for crops.
Showers during the closing days of last
IF ANY ONE: who has been benefited by the .
week and the first and last part of the of Dr William's Pink Pills will write to .
crop week just closed relieved the drought THE FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER, they will receive '
conditions and were especially beneficial information that will be of.much value and
interest to them. :,
in the peninsular portion of the State WAR is the whole story ,
WONDERFUL PEA. (Hastings) War- ;:
where in need of rain. .f imitation trademarks '
crops were badly ranted Genuine. Per peck, 75 cents Per
The rain in the early part of the week was and label about bushel, $1.00, f.o.b. A.Z. ARMOUR, Panasoffkee

followed by temperatures that on two Fla. 4-13-3 .

nights fell low enough to cause some uneasiness WANTED.-Two Thousand Satsuma orange

on the part of vegetable and series, Monticello. Fla.with price, Arcadia 4-6-tf Nur-

berry growers. Light frosts occurred in. WADP HAEK( SOD ---

some of the northern counties on the WOULD near LIKE Pierre TO ,EXCHANGE the capital of a South 160 acre Dakota .

mornings of the 4th and 5th, but no damage for Florida property. W. J. Ford, Madison,

was done; crop growth was, how- Lake Co., Ohio. 4-6-2.
ever, retarded and not so much benefit t-n pacfralles Casts; MO more than other package soda never spoils CHINA TREES.-I have quite a lot of young

resulted from the showers as would have flour-:universally acknowledged purest in the world. nicely packed to sell. 10 cents each or $i per dozen, '

been the case had they been succeededby B. M. BOGGESS Fort Ogden, Fla.
Made nly by CHURCH fc CO. New York. Sold
warmer nights. by grocers crerywherc. WANT TO BORROW $500, for five years on
Farmers and vegetable growers are feel- Write for Arm said Hammer Book of vi luablo Reel1Jes-'Q my Grove and Poultry Farm. Interest -
ing much encouraged on account of the paid annually or semi-annually in Jackson- ..'-
ville.
Chesebro
M.
timely showers and the marked improve- T"rU Plummers Fla.33Q3tUVJH. -
____ ,,
ment that is already noticeable in crops. .nn, 1XCIiANGF.; City real: estate: In: ,_h atta-'
*: for Florida Six cottages in ,
nooga property.
The temperature for the State averaged Irish potatoes large enough for table use the ground would bake 'the soil like a I factory part of the city. Wilson& Toomer, -
three degrees below normal for the week, in some sections. Orange and lemon Jacksonville Fla. 330.3 '
brick. Yet when the is burnedin
clay,
and the rainfall was more than three trees are improving, but some mango and 'I GGS FOR HATCHING from imported thoroughbred -
times the average amount and was fairly guava trees in Lee Co. are reported to small lumps in a hot fire, it falls 14 Bronze Turkeys; one dollar for set- .
I ting of nine eggs. Send money with order. No .
well distributed, being lightest in the have the appearance of dying where the apart on roasting into a fine productlike charge for packing and delivering to Express .

northeastern counties of the State. new growth has started. Vegetables gen- ; coal ashes. This fine roasted Agent here. Address H Erwin, Pomona, Fla.

Western District.-Rain during the latter erally looking well. Highest 86; lowest clay plowed into the soil breaks 3.23.10WANTED
up
of March and the first and TO EXCHANGE. Twenty acres 0, '
part on second -
55; mean 70; nor .74 aver rain 1.63 nor
; ;
and loosens the whole and
of to texture, Land for a small place on the
days April put a stop planting .32.
crop
Halifax River. T. K. Godbey, Waldo, Fla.
for a few days, and the cool nights Jacksonville, Fla., Apr'i gth, 1895.' improves it.Rural'New Yorker. exchange: a acre farm in -

and windy days following the rain were E. R. DEMAIN, t < WANTED-To ., Fla for an 350 orange grove.

not favorable for crop development. The Director. There will be at least fifty acres of Address, W. Thomas, Valdosta, Ga. 3-16-4

lowlands which, before the rains, were t strawberries right ,in the vicinity of CHOICE Orange and Lemon Trees and Bud-
getting in good condition to plant are now for sale. Address, I. H. Cammack,
too wet. The latter part of the week was r Action of Fire on Soils.I Plant City planted out'next fall. One I Whittier, California. 316tf.

warmer and more favorable for crops see quite frequently, articles from company has been organized to plant $I ; .OH CASH, will buy 20 acres number ,.
generally, especially gardens. Prospectsfor different of the the fifteen while hear I(J UU one strawberry land with a two-
parts country on from ten to acres, we room cottage in St.Thomas, Fla., for an actual .
fine crops of pears and 'peaches con- value of ashes as a fertilizer. Thinking of several other parties ,who' will set settle r. This offer open for a short time only. "? .t.; ,
tinue very flattering. Highest temperature J.S.Mllls. 'I: 'i.',::,'
lowest normal that ashes would be a benefit to a out from, two to five acres of plants ; I., .
76 ,42 mean 61 65 ;
; ; ; ; FOR HATCHING fifteen varieties. ,':
average rainfall,3.38 inches, normal, 1.02 poor spot in my potato field, I gave a each.-Plant City Courier EGGS. Albert Fries, St Nicholas. 3-23-3" : ;.' -

inches. neighbor the privilege of ''piling some LEGHORNS! LANGSHANSI MINORCASI ; ,"

Northern District.-Local showers on raspberry bushes on it to burn them. stock for sale cheap. Agent for
Smith & Romaine's boiled beef and bone, $2.25 ','
the 2d 3d and 8th though
generally
I helped pile them in a windrow about .
per 1001bs. Island Poultry Yard, C. H. Jacques, '
light, were very benefical to crops of all Leave'' Fernandina Fla. .
,
feet long. This was done in the Prop. 3-30-2.
kinds as well as to vegetation in general. 30

Strawberries especially were much improved fall of 1893, and in a few days after Doubtful Seeds alone. The best BUDWOOD-parson. Maltese Brown Straight, ten dollars and Hart's per .'

'and the showers are reported to the fire, the ashes could hardly be are more.easy Ask to your get, and dealer cost for no Tardifif Oranges Early and Lisbon Lemons seven fifty

have been worth thousands of dollars to seen. Last sping I plowed the ground per thousand. Address J. W. Waite, P. O. Box
Beg, San Diego, California. g-2-4
this alone
industry in'sections where the FERRY'SSEEDS
deep fitted it well and planted .
potatoes -
berries are ,extensively grown. More MAKE HENS LAY-There is nothing like
rain and warmer nights needed to in- on the field. used about 400 Bowker's Animal Meal. 40 tons sold in Flor-
: are I
ida last year. Hundreds of: testimonials. For
sure a ,more rapid growth of crops. pounds of fertilizers to the acre, and particulars, write E. W. Amsden, Ormond, Fla.'.

Light frosts in low places and cool nights had a good crop of potatoes, but nota Always the best. Known io-i3-tf
checked the growth of somewhatand everywhere Ferry's Seed LEGHORN EGGS for HATCHING.
crops this of BROWN
potato came up on spot Annual for 1895 tells
: you
of the best. $i for 13. R. Puddy,
turned corn yellow in some sections. ground, and the weeds .were very what, how, and when to plant. Lawtey, Fla. Barred Plymouth Rock eggs for .'
Prospects for good crops of pears, peachesand i Sent Free. Get It. AddressD. hatching. 1-5-20

plums continue very promising. poor, too. M. FERRY & CO., LIGHT BRAHMA, D. B. Plymouth Rock and
Highest temperature, 79; lowest, 42; Answer.-The poor results on this Detroit, Mich. Turkey Eggs for hatching, Ji.oo doz-

mean, 62; normal, 66; average rainfall, spot were not due to the ashes, but to Florida.en to suit the times. C. Gomperts, Lady Lake 2-16 ,
2 .
0.31 of''an inch; normal rainfall, 0.70 of action '
the of,,the fire on the soil. The Agent's profits per month. Will

an inch. chief effect of the heat is to bake prove it or pay forfeit. New Articles -
S 5 2 5
Central District.-The
drought in this just out. A $1.50 sampleand
district was broken by heavy showers on the soil and compact it like a brick, THE TROPICAL TRUNK LINE, terms free. Try us. CHIDES- .,
the 1st and 2d, which fell generally destroy all the vegetable matter and TER & SON, 28 Bond St., N. Y.

throughout the peninsular section and drive off its nitrogen. Thus the JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA.FLORI'DA. TILGHMAN'S CONDITION POWDERS FOR,
to make them eat and
improved crop prospects decidedly. No young plant cannot develop in it. grow fat. Sample package by mail, thirty-fivc''
frost was reported, but the cool nights After several cents. W. G. Tilghman, Palatka, Fla. '
following the rain had an injurious effecton years cultivating soil 1-26-10 "-

and retarded the growth of tender vegetation will regain its former condition and FOR SALE-Bronze turkeys, Black Langshans.!

A little hail fell with the rain yields well,,as ever. If, shortly after LANDS Pekin duck Game eggs fowl for hatching.Langshan' Mrs., Game W.and H.

in'places l but did no serious damage. the fire, the soil under these heaps Mann, Mannville, Fla. 12-1-12 ,

Beans, tomatoes, melons, potatoes, corn,. could have been spaded or broken' FOR SALE for cash,time or trade,orange groves,
I oats, etc., are growing rapidly in most 'up, and timber lands. E. RUMLEY, Keuka,
, sections sweet and some manure or cut straw turned ORANGES Fla. 3-u-i6t
; some potatoes were planted -
I during the week. Orange trees show I into it, there would not have been FOR EXCHANGE-Summer and winter hotel

! decided improvement in some sections much difference in the crop. This North Carolina mountains. Owner, must
live in Florida. Wants ,
good orange grove. W.
i since the raIn and are reported by some very action of fire is sometimes madeuse RESORTS B. Clarkson, Jacksonville, Fla 9-is-tf ,.
j correspondents to be sprouting 12 to 15 I
of to benefit soils. In damp ANEW; deal on wire netting. Prices cut in
feet from the ground in other sectionsthe
; there is often We pay freight. Write for our latest,
improvement is not so marked. swamps, an excess of INVESTMENTS price-list. E. W Amsden, Ormond, Fla. tf'
continue. both water and vegetable matter.
Strawberry shipments Ship- By LAKELAND NURSERIES-Have for sale
ments of tomatoes from Lake County are good drainage the water is removed. I TIlE citrus trees on sour orange,grape.fruit
expected to be in in about two weeks. Then the and rough lemon roots,of the following varieties: ,
by) burning upper sod, and
season Marsh Seedless Pomelo, Thompson Pomelo, Au-
Shipping for vegetables nearly one plowing in the ashes; the texture of DEVELOPMENTS rantium Pomelo, Boone's Early, Parson Brown,
month late. Nearly all tropical fruit Hart's Tardiff, Dancy Tangerine,Satsuma Kumquat -
trees that were killed to the ground by the soil is greatly improved. "Paring King and Maltese Blood Orange, and Villa
the freeze out and burning was a term quite Franca and Belair Premium Lemon. Tahiti Seed .
are putting new growth. popu ATTRACTIONS less Limes. A specialty of the Marsh Seedless '
Highest temperature, 84; lowest, 41 ; lar in European farming. In this Grape-fruit. C. M. Marsh, Lakeland, Polk Co., i"y,

mean, 67; normal, 69; average rainfall, process sod was plowed off shallow, ADDRESS, I Fla. 11-17-20 .

2.19 inches ; normal, 0.49 of an inch. and burned in ]large heaps the ashes CITRUS TREES.-Fine stock; none better:low '
Southern District.-Everything bene- G. D. and square treatment No "back
fitted by the showers which fell on the to be scattered and plowed in. On I .CJEiaI4x, numbers" offered. Write for prices. Thirteen

1 J, 2 and 3, Crops growing rapidly. Now very heavy clay soils, a ,fire on top of Gel.: P.a.sse. er Agt. ,years town,experience./ Phoenix Nurseries, Braiden-li'8ittJ .


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THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. 239


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SAVANNAH LINE The Clyde Steamship Co.


TO NEW YORK BOSTON AND PHILADELPHIA
,
RElit YCllbi' AND FUJRlDfl LINES

48 to 55 hours between Savannah, New York and Philadelphia, and


65 to 70 hours between Savannah and Boston. The magnificent Steamships of this Line are appointed -

to sail as follows, calling at Charleston, S. C.,

OCEAN STEAMSHIP COMPANY. Both ways : .
(STANDARD TIME.)
: ; : From New York. From Jacksonville,
'. I (Pier 29, E. R.) STEAMER Florida. .

.. r G. M. SORRg L., MAnAer.: Wednesday, Mar. 27that3pm........ "CHEROKF.K". ........Tuesday, April 2d, at loooam:
.' :.' Friday 29th, at 3 pm........."ALGONQUIN".Thursday! 4th at 12:30: pmit
Tuesday, April 2d, at3pra,,"....."SKMINOI.K" ".......Sunday 7th, at 2:00: p m
Friday .. 5th, at 3 p m. .. ....."IROQUOIV. ........Thursday, 11th at 6-00am
Monday el 8th, at 3 pm........"CIIKROKKE"..... Sunday, i4th, at 800 am
Wednesday, II 10th, at 3 p m........."ALGONQUIN". ......Tuesday, II 16th, at 10:00: a m
... Friday, I2th at 3 p m..... ... ."SEMINOIJ.Thursday: iSth, at 12 00 n'n
... Tuesday, it J6that3pm.... ...... "IROQUolS". ........SunJay, II 2ist at 2.oopm
I."'' .. Friday, II I9th. at 3 p m........ "CHKkOKKK1! ...... ..Thursday, u 2sth, at 4:30: a m
.I.. :. i+t Monday Zed atspm........* 'ALGONQUIN"Sunday, II 28th, at 6:30: a m
.'' Wednesday, 24t11, at 3 p rn.,.. .... "::H.;:\n'OLH" .. .......Tuesday.u 30th at 8:30am:
;I' Friday, u 26that3pm.. .... .... "IKOQUOIS" .. ...., .Thursday, May 2d, at itooam:
.
t I. Tuesday, 3othat3pin.. ..... .CJIHi.UKEH".Suuday, 5th, at I.30pmFor
New York D'rect.

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5\ K Philadelphia and Jacksonville Line.
-
1 4 > ; Weekly service between Jacksonville and Philadelphia, calling at Charleston, S. C., south
bound. The fast freight Steamships; "Oneida" and "Winyah" are appointed to sail as follows -
I :
II + F
I
From Philadelphia: STEAMSHIPS: From Jacksonville Direct :
Ii

1 Saturday, March soth.. .. ............. ..... ..ONKIDA... .... ..... ...... ...Friday, April 5th
Saturday, April 6th............... ..... .WINYAH....... ... ....... ...Friday, Aptil 12th
! Pa..a.2e 1Zat8M I Saturday, April 13th... .... .... .. .... ...ONKIDA... ...... ....... ....... Friday, April 19th
Saturday, April 2oth.. ........ ..... WINYAH ....... .. ........ Friday, April '26th
1 i .Between Jacksonville and New York: First-class, $25.00 ; Intermediate, $19.00 ; Excursion, 843.30; ; Saturday, April 27th.... .... .............. ONKIDA.... ..... ... .... ......Friday, May 3d
\ Steerage, $12.50. I

\1' Jacksonville and Boston or Philadelphia : Cabin, $27.00; Intermediate, $:ZI.oo' Excursion, $47.30 ; I -
Steerage, $14.21The. ; magnificent Steamships of this Company are appointed to sail as follows:
ST. JOII S' I'V"R.: : 1IE.: :

FROM SAVANNAH TO NEW YORK.
(Central or goO Meridian Time.)

Tallahassee .... ...... .. March 24, 4.00 a. m.
City of Augusta....... ...... ..........'.... .... .......... .... .. ...Tuesday.March 26, 5.30 p. m. For. Sanford, Enterprise and Intermediate. Points on
Kansas City.'. l\Iarch29, 700a.m. the St. Johns River.
Nacoochee......._..*..... ... ...... .........Sunday, Match 31, 800a.m.
City of Birmingham. ..... ..... ..... ..... ...... .... ...... ...TuesdayApril 2, ,10:30: a. m.
City of Augu ta.... ....: April 5, 2.oop.m. .
Kansas City......... ......Sunday, April 7, 4.00. m. The elegant iron side-wheel steamers
Tallahassee.... ..e. ............Tuesday, April 9, 5.30 p. m. "City a01csonv-ille 1 ;
City of Birmingham ............. .....Friday, April 12, 7.30a. m. ." OX'.1 : : -
City of Augusta..... ................ .......;.. ... ........ ....Sunday, April 14, 9.00a. m. Capt. W. A. SHAW,
Kansas City. .... .... ...'. April 16, n.ooa. In. .J''
I Tallahassee. ...: .... ..;.... April 19, 2.00 p. m. E'I ED'I : :DeBARY .
City.of Birmingham.........., Sunday, April 21, 3.00a.m. "
City of Augsstt ....'. ,........... .....Tuesday, April 23, 4.30pm. : Capt. T. W. LUND, Jr. '. v
Kansas .....i;. 26 6.ooa. .
April
28, nl.Tallahassee. Are appointed to sail from Jacksonville, daily except Saturday, at 3.30 p. m., and from Sanford,
April 7ooa.m.
City.' of Birmingham .... ......' ...... .....:. .......Tuesday, April 30, 9.ooa.m. daily except Sunday, at. 9 00 a. m. ... .

: : .5'FROM SAVANNAH BOSTON. '
.
SOUTHBOUND
NORTHBOUND.
City- of Macon .. -.............Thursday, March 28, 6.30 p. m. Read down. SCnl. nULE. Read up. "
.-. -.. : :
Gate City.I April 4, i.oop.6.30p. -
City of Macon..".... _. .... .... .....;..Thursday, April ii, mm- Leave 3.30 p. m. .......... ....,. ...... Arrive 3.30 a: m.
..'. April 18, I.oop.m. II 8.45 p. tn ., ... ...... .. ...... .Palatka.-. ; .... ...... Leave 9.00 p. m.
aate.City..e. ,. ............ ...,... ............. ....., .e
.............. ... ;.....;. .... ....... .. Thursday, April 25, 5.30P' m 3.0I'la.nl. ? Astor. : 3.oopm.
.1 4.30a. tu. .......... .......:.....St. 1'.raucis. ...... ........,.,. .... II 1.30p. m.
FROM SAVANNAH TO PHILADELPHIA.These u 5.30a. In. ...... ..... ..; ......Dereslo ...... ............ ...... ". 12.00 noon
Arrive 8.30a.lU. ...... .. .. .... ... .... .Sauford .............. ... CI 9.ooa. m.
do 'e . ...... .... .... ... . &I
( Ships NOT Carry Passengers.) 9.25 a. m. .. .". .Huterpllse. ... .. .. 9.30 a. m.
Elihu .Wed'day, March 27, 6.ooa. m. :
Dessoug..., ....Wed'day, April 3, 11.30 a. m.
Elihu Thompson............-...... .... Wed'day, April 10, 6.00 a. m.
DeI l8oUIr. ..... ........ ................Wed'day, April 17, 12.00 noon General Passenger and Ticket Office, 204 West Bay St., Jacksonville
Elihu Thompson.'..Wed'day, April 24, 5.00 p. in. '
A. J. COLE" Vassenger Agent 5 Bowling Green, New York.
lui.1L CLYDE, Assistant Traffic Manager 5 BOAT ing Green, New York.D. .
THESE PALACE STEAMERS .
I). C. MINK, General Freight Agfiit 12 ; o. Delaware avenue, Philadelphia, Pa.
TIIEO." G. EtJEll Traffic Manager, 5 Bowling Green, New York.F. .
Connect at Savannah with Central Railroad of Georgia, Savannah, Florida & Western Railway, M. IRONMONGER, Jr., Florida Passenger Agent, 204 West Bay St., Jacksonville, PI*.
Florida Central & Peninsular Railroad. JOHN L. HOAVAIIIJ, Florida Freight Agent foot Hogan Street, Jacksonville, Fla.
Through. Bills of Lading, Tickets and Baggage Checks to all points North and East. See your J. A. LESLIE, Superintendent, foot Hogan: Street Jacksonville Fla.WM. .
nearest ticket write for Freight to
or or
agent Passage .
J. P. BECKWITH, G. F. &.P.. Agent, New Pier 35 N: R., New York.R. P. CLYDE & CO., Gen'l Agents, '
I,. WALKER, Agent C. G. ANDERSON, Agent
"New Pier No. 35; North River 1-New York. City Exchange Building, Savannah, Ga. 12 South Delaware Avenue, Philadelphia. 5 Howling Green, New York.W. .
RICHARDSON & BARNARD Agents, Lewis' Wharf, Boston
W. Z, JAMES, Agent, 13 S. Third Street, Philadelphia.W. ESTAULISHED" 1875.
HOURS.
RHETT, Gen'l Agt. C. R. R., 317 Broadway, New York.J. A. J. B. BOURS.
D. HASHAGEN, Eastern Agent Sav., Fla. & Western Ry. Co., 261 Broadway N. Y.
J. L. ADAMS, Gen'l East. Agt. F. C. & P. R. R., A. DeW. SAMPSON' General Agent, WILLIAM A. BOURS & CO.
353 Broadway, New York. 306 Washington St., Boston. ,
W. J. FARRELL Soliciting Agent. W..E. ARNOLD Gen. Trav. Pass. Agt.,
WALTER HAWKINS, Fla. Pass. Agent,
I New Office, 224 West Bay Street, Jacksonville. Drain Carden Seeds and Fertilizers

300 Acres In Nursery. One Acre Under Glass. Thirty-Seventh Year. ,

SPECIAI./rIES: : sasaWe 'VV'g BAY s L'., JA.CKSONVI ,Lg, FLA.


Specially adapted to Florida and sub-tropical countries. Handle Only the Best and Most Reliable Seeds. A Comple Stock of
F R U I IT T R E E S Peach, Oriental Plums and Pears, Japan ,Persimmons,

Strawberries, Guavas, Giant Loquat, etc" etc. Rare Conifers and Broad-leaved Evergreens, Camel-
Had Azaleas, 50,000 Palms 20,000 Camphor Trees, Hedge Plants, Open Ground Grown Roses. The Hay Corn Oats Flour Bran Wheat Grits Meal :
Green House Department is complete in plants of every class suited to Southern Horticulture. Cat ,
alogues free. Address P. J. BERCI No Agents. Cotton Seed Meal Both Bright and Dark. I II



1 1co" [2 Trial Pks. ISotsT I STATE AGENTS FOR A. PURE GROUND BONE I I

J : Tijgert-Jllen Fertilizer Go.
To any farmers !In the United States or Canada who arenot NITRATE SODA,
acquainted with the extra reputation MarbleheadBeed
have honestly won for purity and reliability we will send a fe. r
Star Brand Fertilizers |
--sample package (a little below ordinary size)of each of the 3| MURIATE OF POTASH,
following. choice varieties nil of our own raising, for 15
cents which will but little more than pay for the cost of putting GUARANTIED ANALYSIS. ;
= up and mailing; Crosby's Early Beet, White Spine" Cucumber, M sSULPHATE POTASH,
r Al-Season's and Hard-heading Cabbages Danver Carrot, Thick.
leaved Dandelion,Red and Yellow Daaver Onion, Dutch :Parsnip, Orange Tree and Vegetable (F KAINIT Etc.

1 Conmido Tomato, Sugar Pumpkin Lackey's Corn. Catalogue .- '
Home GrownlSeod, Free.J FERTILIZER.These .
Fertilizers have no superior in the market and a trial will. convince.
J. H. GREGORY & CO., Marblehead' Mass Send for Catalog;free

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240 THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. -
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WATERMELONS I



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OW to row atorrno ODS or argo Profits




Is a treatise on melon culture recently issued by the Paine Fertilizer Company,who have,during the past six or seven years,made the fertilization and sale of the melon crop a SPECIAL
STUDY believing and finally proving that this crop is not only the MOST PROFITABLE crop grown in Florida,but also a CERTAIN CROP,planted and fertilized according to the directions givenin
the above pamphlet,which will be sent FREE upon application.
\
Our Company are the only manufacturers of High-Grade Crop Formulas,who have carefully studied the requirements of many of our principal and best-paying crops,especially the Watermelon -
-

Write Us for Full Information Showing How to Plant for Market on a Large Scale.


REMEMBER that our specialty for years has been the growing and selling of melons for large profits. Our watermelon brands are known and used throughout the watermelon
sections. No other company has ever manufactured special brands for this crop.

BE'W'ARE of thosemitatiD* our formulas or copying our instructions-the use of their fertilizers can only mean PARTIAL SUCCESS and often TOTAL FAILURE. ,

COMMENCE PLANTING NOT and continue,as we direct, every ten days until last of March. Write for full particulars. NOW is an opportunity to recoup
your losses from other crops .

BEAR' IN' MIND that New York City alone could have used all the fine early melons grown in Florida last year,therefore if we increased the Florida acreage tenfold or more
there is plenty of marketing room and the acreage is HARDLY DOUBLED this year,much of it being poorly fertilized,which will only produce inferior melons
that will reach market too late to secure the handsome profits obtained by those who carry out our. advice'' to the letter. The variety of melon planted by our customers is growing in favor and
the demand is increasing each year.
Our Company,with its house at New York and connections at Boston and Philadelphia, command the principal disb ibuting points in the Northeast,where the highest prices are always .
paid for fine melons. Should the quantity of early melons grown in this State warrant it,will,also, arrangements at Cincinnati and Chicago to distribute them through the West. We already
have control of the bulk of the early crop-let us handle yours,and it will reduce competition on sales,thus enabling us to hold up the market to the HIGHEST POSSIBLE PRICESIn
the future our New York house will handle the fruit and vegetable crops of any planters in Florida! i i order to secure for them the highest market prices,full and prompt returns, making -
it an inducement for them to purchase our Special Formulas in large quantities so as to plant on a more extensive scale. Write for stencil.

r ,

THE ORMNGE 'CROP NEXT YEAR i.

1
will bring. the highest prices per box ever known. GET and FOLLOW our instructions and you will not only have a good crop of fine fruit next winter,but you will save your trees,hurt by the December -,
*7,, '.-_ and February freezes,from two or three years set back. Full directions will be given upon application. I

''I

GROW CROPS FOR L-75RGB PROFITS I


Stop Fertilizing for Display It is FRUIT you Want,


Fine, Bright, Thin-skinned, Juicy Oranges in LARGE


QUANTITIES that bring HighPrices in Market.



The PROFITS in planting come from Increased Yields of Finer Vegetables, which can only be obtained by the use of High Grade Crop Formulas -
adapted to your soils and crops. How long is it going to take you to find out that you can treble and quadruple your NET PROFITS by using our
High-Grade Mixtures AS WE DIRECT ? '
Many have been so encouraged by PROFITABLE YIELDS from the use of our Formulas, while previously they had barely made expenses, that
they have increased their acreage each season until now they derive VERY LARGE INCOMES from their crops. Do' you want proof of this assertion? then
write us and we will give it; or try a few acres with our brands and prove it for yourself.Our .
i experience in handling the fruit and vegetable crops in New York for many of our customers and their friends has shown us that buyers at
that point examine each purchase with a very critical eye, they will pay HIGH PRICES for fine stuff and but very little for that which. ordinary. Write us
for our pamphlets and advice of how to grow crops for LARGE PROFITS, also, how to fertilize trees on different soils for INCREASED YIELDS of FINER

FRUIT.,
Do you know that the application of light ammoniates, such as Cotton Seed Meal, Blood and Bone, etc., etc., are the MOST INJURIOUS ARTICLESyou
can put on your grove ? They give a splendid growth of wood and foliage, but acting only as STIMULANTS. they DESTROY THE FRUIT PRODUCING
PROPERTIES of tree and plant.A .
Ton of our carefully-prepared Formulas, applied as we advise, is worth, in the long run, a carload of these ammoniates improperly applied and
being'.IMPROPERLY-PROPORTIONED: with potash, phosphoric acid, magnesia, etc., etc.
;' V '" You are growing FRUIT, not FOLIAGE, for sale, VEGETABLES, not VINES, therefore you must avoid all ,RANK GROWTH. It is I
STEADY, 'STRONG and HEALTHY GROWTH that developes the FRUIT-PRODUCING PROPERTIES of the plant and puts money into your

I pocket. Write us for all information on agricultural matters, to S .'

f f 710 and 712 East Bay St., J Jacksonville Florida ,' '?; < .
** *
t..*- '.' And for all information about selling your fruit and vegetable crops, to -,_
J '
'
/ No.1" Broadway New York N. Y. ;

. .'. Get our latest prices on all agricultural chemicals before purchasing elsewhere. We undersell all competitors. Our: facilities enable us .to do this

easily, and, as a rule, to give better and higher. class grades of materials. !

1

c' "'V /" > V THE PAINE FERTILIZER CO.
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r. JACKSONVILLE, FLA., and NEW YORK. {, N y,
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gSTAB: ISHgI: : : > US: l.S 9. t.; :
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