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UFPKY NEH LSTA SLAF



Florida farmer & fruit grower
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Full Citation
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055765/00321
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: S. Powers
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: March 16, 1895
Frequency: weekly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note: Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038466
oclc - 01387403
notis - AKM6256
lccn - sn 95026761
System ID: UF00055765:00321
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen

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WHICH IS' IN'CORPORATgD; '! THE FLORIDA DISPA'rCH Ai
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S., Powers' Publisher Proprietor.. JACKSONVILLE FLA., MARCH 23, 1895. Whole a m 1303 Yol.NEW VII SERIES, No. 12e
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Stems Ground, : .'; '=

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I Phosphate, 'etc.' etc.
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!I Corn Fertilizer.

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artistic design with novel
: : Prices from$z5oto$17.25:
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PAINE MFG.CO., PHILA.,PAl
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Z SAW MILL
; I works successfully with 4
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; : Mill Mfg. Co..

Ave., Atlanta, Ga.
: : CHOICE;
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I .: ..<1 FLO'VV'gRSFOI
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I ; PLANTING.
{I Hardy and Early. New
i ( Peaches Pears!, Roses, Camel-
; : low prices. Catalogue for the
; I>. L. PI1SKSON> 1'rop.
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178 THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER. ,-
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." INDIAN BRANDS-These fertilizers contain the..elements of plant life in their natural state just as

the nice hand of Nature has manufactured them from the plants themselves, not combined artificially
,
with dangerous acids and alkalies. They produce good immediate results, and at the same time

are a source of future available fertility to the soil. They are compounded according to formulas ap-
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proved by the experience and observation of twenty years.

.of..... __ HIGH GRADE COMPLETE .
ORANGE TREE MANURE.
; Fruit and Vine Fertilizer. Garden Truck Fertilizer. .

v, z Per cent Per cent. Per cent
-- I! k '+fB .___ Ammonia........ .................... 3 to 4 Ammonia....... .... ............. ...... 5 to 6 Ammonia. ............ ..... ........ 4.50 to 5.25
%..._ Avail. Phos. Acid............ ........... 6 to 8 Avail. Phos. Acid...... .... ....,.. .. 0" 7 to 9 Available Phosphoric Acid.........8.25 to 9.00
it (L Acid Soluble Phos. Acid..... ........ 2to 3 Acid Soluble Phos. Acid.... ... .... .... 2to 3 Insoluble Phosphoric Acid.......... .i.oo to, 3.50
.. 'kt Total Pho+. Acid........... .............. 8 to 10 Total Phos. Acid. ..... ........ 0 ... 10 to 12 Total Phosphoric Acid.............. 9.00 to 11.00
I,,.!t ?t+ Actual Potash.... ...... .... ........... ro to 12 Actual Potash ......... ...... .......... 3/4 t04 Potashactual( ) ..., .. ...... .... ''6.5010: '7.50
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aln 't 1 1I. F'INE: GROUND: : BONE
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Pure '+ r4I G Ammonia..... ..... 4 to 5 per ct. I Phosphoric Acid..... .... 20'to at per ct. | Equal to Bone Phosphate..... 44 to 46 per ct.
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/flatter Animal Fertilizers. IMPERIAL PLOWS, HARROWS AND CULTIVATORS.


Made of the best material by skilled mechanics, according1 the

IMPERIAL latest approved designs. The most economical, because the strongestand
most durable.
S I. Spring Tooth Lever Cultivator.
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/1 PRICE, 7 Teeth, $8.00. ,



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This implement is very popular' in all fruit-growing districts ; apple, peach, orange groves,
tobacco end corn culture ana for truck farming has no equal. Made with seven or eight spring IMPERIAL PLOWS.
teeth. Easily adjusted for depth with lever from rear. Unloads trash readily ; stirs and pulverize
the ground thoroughly. Made of steel and malleable iron; finished nicely, and bound to give No. 10 Chilled, weight 80 Ibs.... .; $9.00 I No. 9. Chilled, weight 65 Ibs. ...... .... l7.oo.
r A'" atlsfacUon; i #,wherever M r .. used.,.Adjusted ry',,,. 'for., depth.b---5.c ,, A, '" '- -, : ..A .tlp t: : 'r., 15r .t '": S ? :

,> \ The teeth 8J$ inches* long and % inch square, are'fastened to the cross bars by clamps, and
SS +, S .can be raised or lowered to any degree of cut,or taken out for resharpening. The cross bars are t
U" shaped, the lightest and strongest shape known fora harrow bar, and are highly carbonized
to add stiffness and prevent bending or getting out of shape. A forward movement of the handle
throws the teeth into a horizontal position, allowing the rubbish to escape. Brackets attached to
1 each corner turn down when the teeth are out of the ground and make transportation over uu-
v, r J plowed ground easy. Three feet nine inch sections, four bars each. l
One section, 24 teeth, f s inch, cuts 3 feet 9 inches..... ....:... ........$ 8.oo.
\S Two sections, 48 teeth, $i inch, cuts 7 feet 6 inches..................... 15.00.
These prices include draw bars.
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;',!.t> Send for complete catalogue and price lists of Fertilizers, Agricultural Implements, rumps, I
7' HOle, Pine Apple, Tomato and Berry Crates, etc. 1
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IMPERIAL STEEL "U" BAR LEVER HARROW. j"a.OkS0X1V"i11e, F1a. I i iTO



THE ORANGE ROWERS OF FLORIDA.Having ,



been practical orange growers for a number of years, also in the business of manufacturing Insecticides and using them our- I

selves for the last ten years, we speak from experience when we make the following statement : :

That SULPHUR SOLUTION 'INSECTICIDE is by far the cheapest and best preparation yet offered to the orange grower. I
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It ]has never yet been Adulterated, or Diluted in any form whatever] in order to Lower the Price, as :

other Insecticides have been throughout the State, S i j


But is always uniform in strength and can be depended on to accomplish the purpose for which it was made. it can be sprayed{on

the trees, at any stage of growth, without injury to them or the persons using it. I!

As sulphur will not kill: all insects affecting the orange tree, we have perfected another insecticide, known as Tar Emulsion, whichis

very effective in destroying Aleyrodes Citri (commonly known as the White Fly), also the Red Spider (not the Spotted mite-or Yellow

Spider), and used in combination with Sulphur Solution it will give better results than any insecticide ever used. .

We have tested it thoroughly the past two years ourselves, and know whereof. speak.

These insecticides have been used by some of the largest orange growers in the State and have given perfect satisfaction. ,

;. References and general directions for using furnished on application. J !

'. Write for Price-List. '

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S McMASTER & MILLER. : ,

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I .YEAR.2 PER FLORIDA FARMER FRUIT-GROWER. YEARR ]


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Grove & Orchard.Peaches. peaches shipped, and the parties want- return boat home. This is why Mr. past season through nursery stock
ed to engage this year's crop, He did Pearson secured it. brought from another State. J
not know how many trees, but consid- A. C. Harvey, the successful emi- Pears and prunes shipped from :
ered it a paying crop. grant agent for Candler, left for La- States on the Pacific slope have car- ..
Ezra T. Neher, the merchant, has fayette, Ind.,Friday, having just come ried the San Jose scale, and it has ;
One of the beneficial effects of the put out thousands of peach trees andis from Fort Myers, where he said the thus obtained a foothold in the Atlan- ;
I freeze will be to divert some of the still clearing land for more. He orange trees were white with blooms. tic Coast States, and bids fair in a
I attention of the growers from orangesto considers it a big paying business, one The Rogers grove on Silver Springsrun short time to spread over the entire
other meritorious fruits, among them year with another, if people plant the which contains 2,000 trees, is country. i
peaches. No well informed grower round peach; the Peentos are not as showing wonderful signs of life andit Twigs infested with this scale, ob- '!
has ever doubted-the eventual success profitable. He is sure that they, with is thought not fifty trees will die. tained from a Central Pennsylvania ,
of the peach as commercial venturein proper care and fertilizing, will net in Today orange trees surrounding the fruit grower, are exhibited at this meet- :
Florida, but in the absorbing devo- three or four years $i per tree. old Methodist parsonage put forth ing, and are thus described by the

tion to oranges not enough growers PEACHES BEAT ORANGES. signs of life and they, too, were grower from whom they were received:
could be got together in any one placeto thought to be dead, "A serious pest which multiplies be-
secure carload lots and rates. Jacob Neher considers that there is
AT DELAND. yond anything that I have ever before
The remarkable success of Mr. J. L;' more money in peaches than in or in
insect life. ,
seen It will much
cause
: Lewis on the Disston muck lands at anges. He made a "good hit" last i The orange trees in this vicinity are trouble unless 1
coming out at last. Some of best checked. It makes \
Kissimmee,deserves repeated mention. season, and has been ,planting a great I our
Though he lost his early bloom this many more trees this year. He be- growers have commenced to cut the Bartlett pears unsaleable; it is worse on the
year by the freeze, it is practically the lieves they should be planted by the trees back already, believing that they pear than others,"and this is I
our most common variety. I
first time} and he is going right along thousands, and only:the best varieties.A will not die back so far if cut before I
I I Specimen twigs from the orchard of
summer. Many of the trees are kill-
Last he number of them-
I planting. year bought 10,000 growers express the fruit
same grower were submittedto
I trees and this year he has bought selves the same way, and while there, ed to the ground while others are Professor Howard
Acting Ento-
,
alive from ten to twelve feet above
Peento and BidwelFsLate have been thousands of
20,000, mostly trees plantedthis
of the National
from Mr. W. ,D. Griffing, of year,preparations will be made fora the the bud.oldest It is a hard slap to all, but mologist Agriculture, and he paid Departmentof a visit to
not
Baker county. His trees show none more extended acreage next. Pears growers are losing the premises where it'
was first discov-
heart but
of the dead and dead branches also well but take are going to grow what
tips so pay longer to come ered in this State, and he has
often seen in Florida peach trees. He into bearing. One grower netted $i they need for use on the table and nounced it the San pro-
Jose scale beyonda
has trees with trunks eight to ten inchesin a bushel at the depot last season. The trust to providence and hard work for, doubt.
diameter which smooth and this promises to be something to put on their backs.AT .
are crop year very large. Prof. Howard states that the San
yellow with perfect 'health. He has MANNVILLE. Jose scale belongs to the same group of
never employed any fertilizer what- Good News from the Groves. One month ago, one-half the groves scale insects as the common and well-
ever except lime on certain experi- We cull the following items from here were going to be abandoned; known oyster.shell bark louse of the
mental rows, and the results have the Times-Union : now your correspondent cannot finda apple family. It differs from this insect -
been so good that he will use it more single grove that will be given up. and, in fact, from all other east-
i freely. AT OCALA. Nearly everybody is having their ern species from deciduous fruit trees,
i His fruit'hasnetted good prices in John W. Pearson and George Close groves cut dowu to the ground, and in that the scale is perfectly round,or
the Northern? markets, and it is said to have returned from. Montverde, Lake many have sent to California for at most very slightly elongated or if.
bear shipping well. He makes no complaint Apbpka, where they purchased the grafts to insert under ground, but regular. It is flat, pressed close to
'of high transportation charges. James Franklin grove for $12.500. great care should be taken by everyone the bark, resembles the bark of the
Jin. this stimulating climate the peach These parties secured fifty acres in not to introduce the noxious kindof twig in color, and when fully grown .
'\ will bear a considerable fruit-often a orange'trees that were not killed by scale that gives the California is about one-eighth of an inch in diam-
peck or a half-bushel-in two years. the freeze. Besides the grove, they grower so much trouble. Growers eter. At or near the middle of each
Some of the best growers say peach got thirty seven acres of land, twenty- here are now practically free from scale is a round, slightly elongated,
trees will pay all expenses in two years, five of which will easily produce forty scale. black point, or this point may some-
and even if they die at four they have bushels of corn an acre. On the placeis AT EUSTIS. times appear yellowish.
yielded a good profit. They are good 'a fine residence with all modern im- An investigation of Professor Howard recommended
for six eight or ten with well- :. ft _._.a _a __.... L ..__ _1.. .___ ..1.._ ___...11 __ ..____orange L __.!___groves!._ _. that where trees have been badlv in- '
years, I [tl1UVcLL1cLILD, ciuu a. ,UUU LGL10.1JL: uuust: :, :muws: Lilt bccuiiijg uccs ucguimiig lu -
balanced fertilizers and judicious treat- both furnfshed. The purchase:: includesall put out leaves on trunks and large fested, the safest and, in the long run,
ment. The great obstacle] to peach the stock and implements necessaryto limbs. Budded trees, although greenin the most economical course to pursueis
I'' culture hitherto has ;been high freight run the place, with feed until next the trunks, are not yet putting out to cut and burn the trunks and
charges; organization and the force (fall, and an irrigating plant, with a any leaves; but i if growers are patient, branches. Where infestation is less
I of numbers;will break these down. mile and a quarter of mains that alone they will not slaughter trees-at any marked, insecticide:: washes and sprays
;At Dinsmore, Di val county, Mr: cost $5,000. Mr. Pearson says at rate, not for six weeks, or nine, yet. may be used. He favors the kerosene
t W., Macklin planted last year twenty spot cash prices the improvementsalone emulsion for destroying the young lice,
acres,chiefly of the Waldo variety, and could not be bought for the AT FRANCIS. and a preparation of resin and caustic
11, Mr. O. Murphy ten acres. Both these money paid for the grove. He ex- From the Citizen we clip this: soda for the:: older scale. The formulafor
: growers expect a good deal of fruit pects to gather this season several Good reports are now coming in from the latter preparation is as follows:
I I this season. thousand boxes of fruit, for many of many groves in this county, of the Resin, 20 pounds; caustic soda ((70
Mr. Ed. Rumley! the well-known the trees had only the tips of the trees commencing to send out new per'cent. strength), 5 pounds; fish oil,
: peach grower of Keuka, writes in the leaves scorched by the cold and are I growth along the trunks and larger 3 pints; with sufficient water added to
Times-Union, : "Keuka has alwayshad blossoming, while most of the trees branches, which insures at least a make 100 gallons. This is to be ap
the name of raising the finest are putting on new growth. The saw- small crop from Putnam County next plied to the trees by means of a sprayer. -

1 peaches and the growers are going grass land has already been put in year. .. .
into the business more extensively corn', and Mr. Close will take posses. Professor Howard, in continuing his
:, i than ever. The Times-Union's correspondent sion and care of the place as soon as San Jose Scale. experiments with spraying mixtures for
I interviewed the growers his vegetable crop in Marion county is The San Jose scale first appeared in the destruction of the San Jose scale,
I this week, and found them very willing disposed of. The owner, Mr" Franklin the United States in California, about writes to me as follows: "I have found
I I to tell.what they know. M. A. Baker ', an English gentleman, began the year 1870, it having been broughtto that while kerosene emulsion treatment'
said i l that the late peaches paid best-- work on the grove fourteen 'years ago the Pacific coast on trees received during the summer time is good enough,
they paid the third year after settingi and succeeded, but in the meanwhilehe from Chili. ,Fruit shippers first noticed so far as it goes, the habits of the insect
$ per,tree net. That was what he married a lady of wealth, who preferred it in 1873 in San Jose, and from prevent it from being very effective,
netted. last year, after deducting sev- to live where there 'was plentyof this it derived the name by which it is since they are continually hatching
consignments to a bad commis- society, and so the place was of- known. It is reported to have caused throughout the entire summer, and two
sign man. His trees were set in his fered for sale. It had been disposedof great pecuniary loss on the Pacific days after hatching have formed enoughof .
I i orange,grove, but he has set out an to a New Yorker, in December, for coast, having, in the course of twelve a scale to be nearly impervious to
orchard this year by themselves, $25,000 who went home to secure his years spread all through the fruitgrowing the emulsion. By these sprayings with
I knowing that they will do better. He money and returned 'the morning after regions of California, Oregon and emulsion at intervals throughout the

I I puts, about Zoo, trees to the acre. the freeze. Seeing everything cov- Washington, resulting in the destruc- summer, the insect can be kept from _
John A. Germond, the 'seed man, 'ered with ice, he thought every or- tion of thousands of trees. It was introduced increasing, but its numbers cannot be
I said that he received $800 last year for ;ange grove was killed and took the into Pennsylvania during the greatly decreased. The proper spray
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180 THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.
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LOCKHART LITTLE, President. J. E. STILLMAN, Sec. and Treas.: .



LITTLE BROS FERTILIZER AND PHOSPHATE CO 1 i ,,,



l\tIANUF'AOTURERS: OF'


HIGH GRADE FERTILIZERS. >-/* *. '
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:: ; November and December are the proper months to apply fertilizers on the bearing groves to secure the best results. ,:; : ,
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LITTLE BROS. LITTLE BROS. :> .

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Orange Planters True Value Number One," "Orange Planters True Value Number Three,". ..,.: '.

Supplies all the needs, of the bearing tree, Supplies all the needs of the young tree. :
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We solicit the inquiries of the orange growers'of Florida. Correspondence cheerfully answered. ,Pamphlets -
and prices furnished on application.
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# is a strong whale oil solution immediately done many years ago at the Hartley grafted on wild American stocks, suchas trouble of "rattling," dropping their
after the leaves fall in autumn, Brothers' groves, where those trees cut Riparias, Rupestris, etc. Such also berries. ,
and again just before the buds burstin back lived, and those left standing was the conclusion of the Lyons con J. B. LAMONTAGNE.
the spring." died, root and branch. My trees have gress of viticulture.This winter Park.Grapes .
The matter of the appearance of the not yet put out again,and the questionis besides California, is probablythe .
San Jose scale was made known to how and when to cut back, if it is only State where foreign grapes on the 'Gulf Coast.
the State Horticultural Association' at necessary. Have you no reliable information will do well. As there is no duty on This section of the South, the north
its anuual meeting in Reading, January from Italy or Spain as to imported foreign vines their cost. coast of the Gulf of Mexico, seems
isth and 16th last. Professor Brin what has. been done there in times does not much exceed that of a fairly well,adapted to grape growing.
ton,late of the New Jersey Experiment past under such circumstances as have Northern-raised vine; and even if Recently there has been more interestin
Station, who was present, made an examination befallen us now ? there is a light difference in price, it is this line of horticulture than here-
of the insect under the mi- Any advice from you or others who fully balanced by the superior qualitiesof tofore, and during the winter I have
croscope and pronounced it the genu- can speak from experience will oblige the imported product. The wine had a number of visits, mostly from
ine San Jose scale. CHAS.: MAURICE. varieties grafted in the nursery one newcomers from the western .states,
Having had experience with it in Radby Grove, Killarney, Fla. year, on a resistant stock that will the visitors coming to talk grape, for; '
both the orchard and nursery, he stated In 1886, as soon as the trees had thrive well in sandy soils, can be had I am somewhat of a pioneer in this .
that its period of incubation is in June, fully started, we cut back just into the for the same price as Niagaras sell for, line here, having my first planting .
andagain in the latter part of the sum live wood, and the trees did well. now.. The table varieties are a little nearly four years ago. Here,'as else
mer. After the insects are hatched, a higher.In where, the Concord is, the grape of
speedy application of the kerosene The Vineyard.Notes a time of ordeal like this wherewe the millions. The quality is excellent.
emulsion will destroy them, but after all have to suffer, no one can afford! The mocking birds, that have nothing .;
the hard shell has been formed, caustic to make useless experiments with else to do in July but sample fruit, do
potash alone will answer. Owing to on Grape Culture grapes without tangible results ; there not molest my other grapes when thereare
the danger connected with the use of Editor Farmer and uit-Grower: must be certainty or nothing at all. ripe Concords. The vine ,tends
tnis article, the hands had better be After the Niagara had failed to reach It we had like Italy, besides oranges, to overbear and does not ripen evenly.
protected with rubber gloves. its bright prospects, we were advisedto oil and wine, we would not feel, so Otherwise its behavior has been above
CYRUS T. Fox, try another grape, the Cynthiana; badly off in the present situation, it reproach. Delaware, so far, is most
Pomologist Pennsylvania State Boardof and I think that is the grape especially would help carry life longer. There healthy, and a close second to Con-
Agriculture.. .. recommended in the last report of the I should have been here, as in other cord in productiveness. With the
Pruning Frosted Trees. Florida State Horticultural Society- I countries, stations of oenology devotedto better price Delaware brings in mar-
Editor Farmer'and Fruit-Grower. I Well that grape is neither a table nor the interests of viticulture, where ket it is my present. belief that ,it is
.
My grove i is situated on the 'south- perse a wine grape. It has none of grapes suitable to the country are the grape to plant for, profit. Niagara
side of Lake Apopka, and it appears the requisites a table grape and it tried and if successful, disseminated gives immense bunches, every one
that groves so placed have not suf.? takes quite an expert to make wine among the growers ; and where the perfect, and sells well. It is more
fered so badly as most from the terri- from it; at least in this section. If the methods of wine making, peculiar to hurt by a late (frost than any other Variety ,
ble blizzards, having been protectedby vineyardist has to get an analyst to a warm climate, are studied and made I have. Last spring my grapeswere
the large volume of water. My dose the quantities of acid and saccha- known to'those interested. in bloom when the Easter freeze
trees are about fifteen years old, of the rine matter in the must of his grapes What has enabled California to face came, killing not only blossoms, but
Early Parson Brown variety, and were every time he wants to make wine, the her formidable rivals at the Paris fair all the new growth 'as well. The other
not hurt much by the first freeze sooner he lets such a grape alone, the of 1889 and to carry some of the first varieties went right to work putting j
which killed only the leaves and some better. rewards ? What enables to-day Aus- out new growth and bloom, and madea
small twigs, and at'the time of second The same thing can be said of the tralia to produce the equals-of French fair crop, age of vine considered.The .
freeze:: they were just putting out again.. Norton Virginia, one equals the other wines and to compete with them on Niagaras did not rally so well',
The l latter killed the smaller branches, here, though they might be more of a the English markets ? Foreign grapes. and gave but a partial crop. Vines
but the trunk and larger branches are success elsewhere, for it must be remembered In these lies the ultimate success for bloom early here, and a late frost,is
alive. I believe if these trees are that a grape although a us as regards table as well as wine not uncommon. But for this it shouldbe
properly handled they will produce a failure in one locality, can be a suc- grapes. I. the leading variety planted for ship-
big crop of oranges next year, so I am cess in another.It Concerning grafting on the Florida ment, for itdoes, not shell" here as
anxious to get the best advice how to might be well to see what our wild stocks, it is useless if these belongto in some places in Florida. IIi lists of
treat them, Some say let them alone, French teachers in viticulture think of the Muscadinia family, such as grapes for the tar south the Ives is
\ let nature take its course. Others say American grapes. The Progres Viti-- Scuppernong, there being no affinity usually given a prominent place.
cut them back, but not into the live cole states that the best American between I this last Vitis and other vines; With me it is most worthless. The
part; again others say cut them grape is not worth the poorest of the and if a few grafts succeed they are bunch is straggling, the berry under-
back to the live part. I.have French grapes; and they have tried generally short-lived. sized, the flavor mean. It does not
.'. lookd carefully through your valuable them all with the result that everyone Using the old Niagara stocks for .even bear well. I plan to graft my
paper weekly, but have seen no advice of them had to be abandoned to make grafting would probably impart to Ives to Delaware. The Hartford is
: to meet my case,except what,was room for the old French varieties the subjects or grafts their inherent another unprofitable grape with me. '


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THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. 181 .
I

USE CHAPMAN & SUDLOW'S CELEBRATED FERTILIZERSj

For Orange Trees, Vegetables, and kind of Raw Material:
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. I! A < B ) PineapPles.0y A ,


Ammonia.For.bearing.........orange..... 4 trees.to 5 per oent. Ammonia.For bearing..... ...orange.... 3 to treed 4: per. cent. Ammonia.For..young.......orange...... 5 trees to 6 per cent. Ammonia Vegetable..........fertilizer..!.... 5 to fl coat .,. '!
I II Avail phos.acid.......; 8tol0" Avail phos. acid .. ... 0 to 8. Avail phos. acid........ 7t08.. Avail phos. acid ........ 6 to 8"per J
........ Insol ....... il
Insol phos. add 2 to 3 phos acid. 2to a" Insol phos. acid. ..;...2t03" 4 "
'I Potash K2O ... .... 10 to 12 I Potash K20 ............ 14: to 16 Potash K20. ..... .... 3 to 4-: .. Insolphos.acld..2to Potash K20.............. ot010": It ..I!
: $38 per ton. $37 per ton. $31 per ton $38 per ton. ?j!
2A.NUF.A.O'ruagD< : IN SOU'rH JAOKS0I TVILLL. ALL ORDERS FOR TI3LtIi1 'rONS AND OVER DE- .it
I LIVERED ,FREE A'r ANY Dj3P0'r or S gAlWBOA'r: LANDING IIV rHE s rA".cE. i iI
I )-1
-
;
Moore's Early grows slowly and bears fruit, the forms being pinched off. Farmer Trucker Melons With Strawberries. i I
They are allowed to at will each $
scantily. Goethe vigorouslybut grow
grows Smith of
Jacob Lockport 111. hasa
the ......... ,
does not give much fruit. The way along trough already men- i *B p- *1 l' --"">rf- *" rf"" n-- novel method of caring for his straw-
most vigorous grower of all is Perkins, tioned, and help to form an umbrellalike Ground Tobacco Stems and' Tobacco berry plants during the first summer.

but the fruit is inferior. Champion is canopy that affords abundant Dust. Thorough cultivation of the plants dur-
shade to the vines and the Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower.
the earliest vigorous grower.and protects
a the first is
ing season practised by suc-
abundant bearer. While the fruit is fruit against the blistering heat of July I enclose a sample of ground tobacco cessful fruit generally. Keep-

not first class it is, it seems to me, and August. The advantages of the who stems advertises received in from THE.-FARMER ing them free growers from weeds and the soil
better than the same variety I have system are obvious. AND loose requires frequent cultivation andis
tasted at the North. It is not at its 1. The pruning may.. be done by a FRUIT GROWER. It does not seem to quite an for which ordi-, ;
novice who with little me to have the genuine tobacco smell expense, ,
in-
,
a simple
best before it is dead ripe. Pough-
the
narily, next year's of berriesis
does it have the crop
struction does the work as well as the nor effect on plant
,
keepsie an old variety not listed on the
,
As
compensation. an experi-
best trained viticulturist. lice of the tobacco dust I have previ--
some catalogues, does well. It seems ment several Mr. Smith
used. When I have used tobacco years ago,
2. The fruit-bearing canes being ously -
a full sister of Delaware, only a more tried planting watermelon vines'
vigorous grower and lighter of com- four to five feet above the ground, the dust for plant lice before this,.they the rows of one plot of strawberries among
work of and would begin to drop off the plants in ,
summer pruning tieingup
plexion. Other varieties I have not cultivating an adjoining plot in the
and gathering the fruit is not a five or ten minutes, but, although 1
sufficiently tested to make a usual
report.- way. He found thpt the plot
Jud Pierce in Amer. Agriculturist. backbreaking job; indeed there is sprinkled this very freely over the with the melon vines did better than
little tieing of the fruiting canes plants and the ground under them,
up the other both in this and
-*- subsequenttrials
and covered with sack and
needed. When reach the baggingall
they
Munson's System of Training. pro and the melons paid for the cul-
per length, they are pinched off, and night, it seems to have very little1effect tivation of the plot. After satisfying
Professor Munson began some years usually one or two pinchings serve to on the aphides or plant lice. I himself that
watermelon vines did
ago the development of a system of: arrest the development of wood and enclose tag on the bags; there was noInspector's not
injure the strawberries, or, as he de-
'training that would make pruning a turn, the sap into fruit production. tag on either bag. clares
less complex proceeding than the old The clusters of fruit hang in easy Do you think it is a genuine article, mulch, he help tried by serving as a green
Fuller system, which required an art- reach, being about even with a man's and if not what had I better do aboutit planting muskmelons
ist to do the job. His first trellis was shoulders. ? among them, and reports even better

; made comparatively low-4 to 432 3. Cultivation is more easily done, I enclose the sample in a stampedand results from thicker this practice, the vines

. feet. Two posts were set with lower as,the canes are well out of the way of directed envelope in which please making a covering and better {
mulch. He has nice
field of
" a straw-
ends in the ground touching the send answer. CHAS. KERR. '
; tops the singletree and trace chains, and in
of the posts were leaned outward and spraying there is very great advantagein I Archer; Fla.Regarding. --. berries growing this season with a good

stood two feet apart on the inside; at having the vines well up from the the above, we find on crop which ot muskmelons well among them,

. the top of each post was strung a single ground; as the fungicide' is more looking into the matter that the sam- weather.are doing Small', considermg'thedry fruit,

No. ii wire. Mr. Munson has modified readily applied to the under side of ple sent us, is nothing but pure, fine should remember this and growers it
the system by making the trellis the leaves, and thus disease spores are ground tobacco stems, which the' deal next for it is plan try
higher and adding a third wire, string more thoroughly destroyed.Farmand ers mentioned in your letter, advertiseand waste season not to, melons certainly a great the
some 8 or 10 inches below the two up- Ranch. sell. It is far superior to the grow among

per wires, forming a V-shaped trough. dust sent here from the East, whichis plants. .U .
The system of pruning which is a nec- Brazilian Stooling or Flour Corn. really the sweepings of cigar fac The Nansemond Sweet Potato.
essary part of the plan, provides that Plant now or later to suit conven- tories. While the dust may contain
the trunk of the vine shall be trained ience, up to (as late as) the 1st. of more nicotine and be better as an insecticide This does not keep as well as the
___ __ __ __ __
up ij: the: first!; wire, and from u"-; canes h .J Tu une. it has simply no value as afertilizer Providence but is more productive
to bear the crop of grapes 'are to run Prepare as for other corn, where ; the most of the nicotineof and is better liked by many N Northern
each way along.this lower wire. From large yield is expected. the tobacco plant is in the leaves. people.Ve reproduce what Rev.
these the bearing shoots or'branchescome Brazilian corn is capable of tremen- We have not been able to find any Lyman Phelps wrote as to his methodof

out almost at right angles, and dous growth of grain and stalk; there- exact statement of the comparativeper culture:
fall naturally across the upper wires, fore must have a bountiful supply of centages.of nicotine (which gives "The land was plowed a year ago
and-so readily do these bearing shoots food sUch as found in what would be the insecticide value) in the stems December, ten inches deep, and planted -
fall across,the wires that no tieing up considered good corn land. One and leaves. The nicotine in the leaves to white potatoes. March 20, they
is necessary in order to have them take grain will produce a number of stalks, varies from 2 per cent in Havana tobacco were dug, and the plot planted again.
their proper position on the trellis. Renewals for which reason, it is better to give to 2.3 in Maryland tobacco' and The last week in June the second crop
j, are made by spurs at the point plenty of distance in the row and be- 6.9 in Virginia tobacco. We can of Irish potatoes was all used out, andI
where the vine reaches the lower wire, tween rows. A. good plan, a sure I can only say in general that there is carefully put in at the rate of $30
and the canes which form wood'for the plan, would be to allow good distance from fifteen to forty per cent more per acre, chemicals, sulphates only,
next year's crop are allowed to run between rows, for a' row of peas or nicotine in the leaves, which make sweeet potato manure. The beds were
longitudinally within the trough formed peanuts. TJie corn crop would not the article known as tobacco dust, $1/2 feet apart, broad and flat, and the
by the fruit-bearing shoots that growat be materially lessened and the pea than there is in the stems, which are plants set deeply once in ten inchesin

right angles to the vine. crop would be so much gain, besides I sold for fertilizer. I the row. This same land has
Prof. Munson's method of pruningis leaving the land in better condition.It We happen to know that there has grown little but the two kinds of potatoes -

a very simple one, and consists in should be kept in mind, however, been a very large quantity of these for some years. I am not grow
removing the old wood that bore the while the corn is in the highest stage fine ground tobacco stems sold in the ing potatoes for the market, but for

fruit of the preceding season. He of development the ground will be so State this last year for orange trees, my own use, but when I can get a full
aims to have four canes starting from completely shaded that the second pineapples, strawberries and vegeta- peck out of one hill I am not ashamedto

the upright stem at the first wire and crop will have little chance for growth. bles, and they have proven a fairly show them, and they are better than
trained each way to the two top wires. until ,the fodder is removed. Everysix good insecticide and an excellent fer cassava to feed. They are fresh
These bearing canes are two to four feet rows, with hills three feet tilizer. from soil," and of a quality which

feet long, as the vigor of vine may in- apart, will require some thinning to Tobacco stems .or ground tobacco only chemicals produce in large quan-
dicate to be best. The stronger vines produce a strong and, full crop of ears, stems do not have to pay the State In- tity. This result: comes from using
have a larger bearing cane, and the say two and three to the stalk, or 12 spection tax, being classed as a natural more fertilizer than I would had I not
less vigorous a shorter one. The ears to the hill. If fodder is the main fertilizer.We expected an unusual dry summer whenI

shoots that are to form the next sea- object, give less distance between do not hesitate to say the arti-- planted. There was no artificial ,
son's crop are not allowed to bear any rows.-So. Live Stock Journal. cle is exactly as represented. watering, and less than one-fourth the
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. 182 THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. ..., --J itv ..4nt



A FERTILIZER TO SUIT THE TIMES :: './ ..,,'.,>_'. _, ', : ;'.:. '-. I

c c : ;: : "

1 "THE IDEAL' 'T'T.1



! ,,.''t'.' : ., 1"-.. '.-.,.._"..-__... -..- ......,--- ....--.-..,...,'OI-I.. .. -..-.. >- ,...7. -.. ....... .. . ... ... .
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t, ::: NIanafaetat1ed by Wilson & Toomef, Jacksonville, fla. ,


FOR ORANGE TREES, VEGETABLES AND FIELD CROPS. ,

..
Ammonia, 4 1-2 to 5 1.2 per cent. Available Phosphoric ,Acid, 4 1-2 to 6 per cent.'
Potash 11 to 13 cent.
Sulphate, per

Made Exclusively from Nitrate of Soda, Cotton Seed Meal, Blood and Bone, Acid Phosphate and Sulphate of Potash.
.
:]Price, $2 .OO per TVxm, J& O. ::13.

-

We also have a large supply of J. H. Baker & Bro.'s Celebrated Complete Manures in stock. Also, Nitrate of Soda, Blood and Bone,

Acid Phosphate, Dissolved Bone, Selected Kentucky Tobacco Stems, Ground Tobacco Stems, Etc.

.,
WE SEEK THE GROWERS DIRECT. LARGE STOCK, LOW PRICES. ,

Correspondence Solicited. ,.

"\2V'ILSON &+ TOOlVER: ,'
Bright Cotton Seed Meal. 817.50 per ton.
Dark Cotton Seed Meal, 1 15.00 per ton. THE FERTILIZgR HOUSE OI P 7 ORIDA.usual .


rainfall, but deep\ setting after about all that you can ship to Cincinnati should all be loaded 'in layers and the Live Stock.Pig .,

deep working. The potatoes were or other points in the West at a cars should be perfectly level on top. .
only worked once after setting the profit. The freights are high, and you Twenty-five pound average melons Feeding in Florida.

, pieces of vines, and manure all ap can only ship in carload lots. Express should be at least four layers deep in Most of our ideas and traditions on

plied before the beds were made the rates are out of all reason except for a.. thirty-four foot cars, five layers deepin this subject are derived from the

very day the pieces were set. few ripe tomatoes or strawberries; so thirty foot cars, eighteen to twentytwo North, where there is practically
that the five vegetables we have men- pound average should be 'loaded only about eight months of growing

Outlook for Florida Crops in the tioned are about all that should be five layers deep in thirty.four foot cars weather in the .year, and where the
.
North. shipped to this market from Florida. and six layers deep in thirty foot.cars. former' enormous demand for lard

Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower':: The other vegetables you can ship to \Vhen' you get quotations from any created a hog which was simply a
the East, where freights are cheaper. western market you can rest assured monstrosity, a mass,of animated lard.
EARLY VEGETABLES.. STRAWBERRIES.This that the highest quotations are for These ideas and traditions are well

Prospects are that this will be a fine melons loaded this way, so if you do expressed by a Western contempqI I
market has been bare so far
II
season for early vegetable shippers.The this,: season: A s soon no ct..tuh eerie; s not load your melons_ that _way you rary: l
; ; "'" "'U"'H
extreme cold winter In the North need not expect outside prices. We "The farmers were not long in discovering -
for the market think
are ready we
destroyed fully one-half the crop of will' you understand that the crop of melons of that a bushel 'of corn fed on
find this a good market. Although
old vegetables that was left. I such Georgia will be much short of other good clover or blue grass pasture
the
things never bring extreme
CABBAGE. I seasons and it looks like the-:crop of went much farther than a bushel fed
high here that they do in New
prices Floridas would. find a ready sale in in a dry pen. The next idea was,
Cabbage is almost entirely gone. York city or other places where this market, but Florida melons will why not feed the hog altogether, on
We think this week will wind up the wealthy people are more plentiful.Yet because the is
? Simply hog
do unless
not any good shipped rea- grass
old crop. There are cars of the new they will bring paying prices in built that
should all not
sonably early. They ar- way.
from California arriving now, this market and there is not so likelyto
crop rive here between the twentieth of June "The stomach is not large enoughto
but freights are so high that it makes be a "slump" in the market as thereis
it utilize
and the second of July. Ordinarilyno enable to enough coarse
the cabbage too high to handle. We in the East.Ve can handle all
melons should be shipped from feed to make a profitable growth.
think the Florida who have shipments promptly to good advan-
growers Florida to reach Cincinnati later than Give. the hog time'enough, and se-
cabbage this year will be able to get tage. the second of July. There may be a lect a grazing type, and it, can be,
fine prices for it in the North and thatit WATERMELONS.We .
little, difference this year as the season I done, but the time involved, togetherwith
will net very satisfactory returns to make a specialty of this succulent is late.Ve would be pleased to correspond -I the risk from disease, and the
the shipper. We are in a position to
fruit. We handle as many as with all melon growers. interest on the investment, render it
handle several cars of cabbage dailyto twenty-five cars a day in .the unprofitable in the grass and corn
good advantage. Would like to, season. We understand that Floridais SOLICITORS.We States of the West. How much ot
correspond with the growers who haveor would be glad to'make arrangements
putting a good crop in, but we re the frame should be made on grass,
expect to have crops of cabbagefor gret to say that heretofore Florida has with a solicitor at each large and how much on grain to secure the

shipment.. _not___realized_ much out of melons shinned__ shipping station to represent us.Ve greatest profit depends very much on
H --- --------
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references and
TOMATOES.The to the West, for the reason that the can give satisfactory conditions and circumstances. The
crops in Mississippi and Louisiana melons were not the proper size and I are in a position to handle goods to point we wish to emphasize is that the

; have been very much damagedby not properly loaded. It seems that best advantage. Would be pleasedto hog cannot be grown profitably on
cold weather, and there will be the correspond with parties who makea '
they shipped best stock East and grain alone, nor under ordinary Western -
more demand for Florida tomatoes the culls here, which brought little business of soliciting consignments. conditions, on grass alone; that is,

than ever before. Our receipts per more than freight. Small melons ,.... .. .... DAVIDSON t ,., & Co. not grain nor grass, but grain on grass
day have been as high as 1,500 boxes. never sell to an advantage in this CIncinnatI1arcn. 13, 1095. that"brings the profit. -

We can handle an almost unlimited market. In order to make any money 4 This reasoning is erroneous for
quantity of these vegetables. The six- here the melons must be large, eighteen .Judge; James H. Hill, who visited ,Florida latitudes, for several reasons:

basket crate, adopted of late years, is pounds and upwards, twenty pound Lake Weir Saturday and Sunday, returned 1. We have here practically the whole

a much more desirable package than average melons is a very desirablesize Monday afternoon and reportsthe year in which to grow a pig. The
the old bushel-box, and we would ad- for this market. All cars of orange groves in that section to le hog is a thin-haired animal and suffersso

vise'it for everything except second melons should run even sizes, do not in better condition than was thought much in the rigorous winter of the

quality tomatoes, as second quality let there be a difference of over ten several weeks, ago. He says ,thereare North that the feed required merely to

ways come in boxes. Most of the pounds, between the largest and a number of seedling groves that keep it alive and warm' would make'a

shippers have been doing that lately, smallest melons. If you load eighteenor were not killed out, except the two very fair growth in Florida. To win-

and it is hard to convince a buyer now twenty pound melons make them and three year old branches. A num- ter a pig in the northern States causesa

that a bushel-box of tomatoes is first all run as near that size as possible, ber of lemon groves which were bud- positive loss, while in Florida it may

quality same of twenty-two and twenty-three ded on sour orange stock are not be keptgrowing all winter, and not

OTHER VEGETABLES. pound average, the same of twenty- killed.--; Marion Free. Press. only that but growing at a profit on

Cucumbers, beans and potatoes, in five pound average. Very few melonsare Dr. Price's Cream-- Baking Powder' the outlay.

addition to the 'above vegetables, are loaded properly. The melons World's Pair Highest Award. 2. In this climate the farmer does

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THE FLORIDA FARMER FRUIT-GROWER. 18 .,

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1
not need and does not try to produce is about as near perfection as, we can POPULAR POULTRY FARM ,\]\
such an excessively fat animal as they expect cow nature to be. Gentlenessin ,
do in the North.It a cow is worth money; it counts up I I'I
is an error to say that the pig has in dollars every year; it saves milk; it APOPKA. FLORIDA ij
not a stomach large enough to containa keeps the richness of the milk from
sufficient quantity of green forage to being wasted, for irritable cows are Opinion of the Press. II i i ii

make.'a profitable growth. One springthe apt to beget irritation in those who The Vice-President of the Florida Poultry Association I ; I
and editor of the South Florida I
writer turned a lot of about thirty milk them, and ,this, in turn, breedsill makes the following comments on the exhibit Home ;'
pigs into a twenty-acre field of white treatment of the cows, which at South Florida Fair: : ; I
clover and for four months they received causes a loss of butterfat in the milk; The nex In order comes the Popular Poultry I_ {,
Farm, Apopka, S. S. DeLanoy, proprietor, with
nothing whatever but the it insures better care, for the gentlecow one trio each of Langshans, Indian Games, ''i I"I"II j II
clover. They were fed on soaked is the petted cow; and in other '' White Leghorns and Black Minorcas-and four I I
corn for about a month in the fall and ways the gentle disposition of the better trios were seldom seen. The Indian t ts i
then sold for about $360. It was esti- Jersey is one of her valuable charac- Games were the best we have ever seen and ;
the blue card, did the White ,
easily won as Leghorns ,
mated that about $200 of that was teristics. I
and Minorcas. The Langshans ought to I
fairly.to be credited to the clover, andit AN EASY, RICH MILKER. -i-: := have had the first, but through an oversight o ,, !
/
was the cheapest pork made on the The business cow must be one that =_ the Judge it was given to A pair that were dii '
-
farm that The pigs alone paid 3. qualified. : :
year. be milked and the milk
can quickly ,
The above, coming from a breeder of expert- 1
$10 an acre for the clover for the sea- must be rich; these. two qualificationswill ence, is worth the attention of all who contemplate '1'
son, and the field supported a large commend themselves to the purchase of fowls or eggs ,'l
number of sheep half the time besidesa business every Send stamp for catalogue. '
dairyman.SIZE ./.
few cows and horses all the time. s. s. DeL4M OY. PROP.
IN THE DAIRY COW. u
Now, in Florida it is not so profit- t
.able to turn pigs on cowpeas or other There has.been a great deal of con-
substitutes for clover as it is to confine troversy about the proper size for a .JOT a few years and then replace her is then put in a heap under shelter I
them in a moderate-sized yard and dairy cow. Some contend that she with another. The Jersey cow not and saved until spring, when it is put ::.

give them, the green forage, freshly, should be big, so that when she has only begins her work at a very early on the land after plowing and just
cut, several times a day. done her work in the dairy she can I age, but she continues to work-and harrowed in. I can hardly say how
It is not to be denied that pigs are be fattened up for beef. Those men I work profitably-till she become very much I put on per acre. I have never

fonder Of grain than of forage and for object to the Jersey because she is old.To had more than to go over barely an
that very reason it is best for the main too small, she wont make beef enough : sum up : The Jersey cow is a eighth of an acre, and yet I usually '
growing season to confine them to Ever since I began to study the mat- : business cow, is one that has been keep,forty or more laying hens, thirty
'forage alone. If they are expecting a ter I have been a strong advocate ofa i bred for business; she attends to her to fifty capons, and raise more than

daily feed of grain they will wait for it, special purpose cow. We want a business, and if well cared: for by the one ,hundred each of chickens and
run over and waste the forage and not, certain kind of cow for a certain kindof dairyman will enable him to make ducks. The stuff is taken out and

do as well as they would on the forage work, and she must do that work money in his business.-Western. Ag- spread directly from the wagon with a
alone, supposing that they receive an better than any other kind of cow ; riculturist. shovel, just thickly enough that we
she should be for kind of .. between the
equal money value of this, on one a cow one can easily distinguish ;
buiness,in order be Dr. Price's Cream Baking Powder bare and the that has
hand, and of grain and forage together, dairy to a good ground spot :received -
.t "on the other hand. business dairy cow. It appears to Most Perfect Made.'Poultry. this dressing. It would not do p
More than'this'' the fresh juice or me'that the extra weight in a dairycow for me to say that I: use so many
over and above what is neces- bushels or so wagon-loads
sap of vegetation is the most healthful many per
.
diet for (the system during ,the sary for her to do the best work, must ............ acre; simply because,"poultry manure" :
summer in this climate, also one of the be fed at a great loss, because it is Edited by S. S. DeLANOY, Apopka, Fla. i is a very uncertain thing, or rather, of J
best preventives of cholera.If fed for many years before it is sold. -- uncertain value, varying according to'

any of our readers take any interest This proposition it would seem, can Fowls and Fertility. the amount of absorbents that have
in the subject of keeping pigs not be successfully controverted. The Mr. Moyer, a noted authority on been used, and the manner of feed-
and will formulate questions which business cow must pay every year of poultry, not from theory, but from ing. I am a good provider, and my
they would like to have answered, we her dairy !life, and we can't afford to practical results in the hen business, fowls are fed heavily, for profit, most-
will take pleasure in giving replies wait till we kill-her to get any part of says : The manure from one cow is ly whole wheat, but also other grains;
: based on actual experience in Flori-- our profit; each year should show a about equal to that of fifty hens as to and in winter, meat and bones (cut
da. We also invite communications good balance to her credit. And how value during the year. His estimatesare up). Of course, the ,droppings are
on this topic and on live stock in gen much profit could we expect from cow based on the result of experiencewith richer in plant-foods than those from
I eral. No matter whether: you are accustomed beef fed from ten to fifteen years ? It the two in the State of New Jersey. fowls that eat,little except grass or hay

to write for the papers or is absurd to expect any. Another experienced: writer from_ and coarse, rough stuff generally. I
not. Give us the facts and when We don't want to wait till our busi- the State says : Take two plots ot use just absorbents enough to preserve
your letters appear in our columns no ness cow is three years old before we ground. On one confine fowls a few all the plant foods in the droppings,
one outside our office will ever know can get any profit from her-we can't months, then plant both plots to vege- and I do not allow them to get soak-
whether they contained any errors in afford to waste a year's time ; and our tables, and the result will be double ed. But you should see the effect of .
or not. Jersey will not disappoint us in this the amount of growth on the hen- such manuring. My Prizetaker
grammar respect, for she begins to return a profit penned plot over that which received onions show by size and perfect form

The Jersey a Business Cow. when two years of age, sometimes nothing, in the shape of fertilizer. exactly where the poultry manure was
When we engage in the business of earlier. This early breeding is so The finest field of cassava it was put.I.
butter dairying we need cows that will much time gained ; when we ,make a ever our 'pleasure to .see, was made do not have a high opinion of saltas
make the most butter from a given business venture we endeavor to makeit principally on poultry droppings com- a dressing (for the land. If I were

amount of feed. We want these cows pay as soon as possible, and, in the posted with cotton-seed meal. It wasa to add any chemical manure to poul-
:I to be hearty feeders, to be easy milkers dairy business we want a cow that sight to see and the talk of all interested try droppings, it would be kainite in
giving very"rich milk, to be gentle, I will commence her work early in life in raising the root. When it small dose; say an occasional sprinkl-

\ not too'large in size, early and regular and begin to pay as soon as she beginsto comes to using poultry droppings as a Continued
breeders, and able to do good work in work. A dairy cow must also be a manure for onions, we can do no --. ,.. on page 189.
regular breeder. We want to better than to give the opinion of
the dairy for many years. In short, arrangeour
suit business Joseph, a noted authority on agriculture iTALIAN
we need a business cow, and in the calving periods to our
.' and that is regular and in Farm and Fireside : You're the loser unless BEES
J ersey w e )cave:: J.itiet..... such a cow. ': a cow a : you keep bees to
gatherthe
I have such excellent effectson
sure breeder is worth much more than seen sweets of naturo about
i A HEARTY FEEDER. one that is unreliable in this respect.A ( the onion crop) of a top dressingof Meunimt'ou. lieu und Ket'plntr Profitable I. to either sex In townor
: The Jersey cow is noted as being a poultry manure, that I am saving J.country 11. JlXKIXSVetuuiitka MI Padre lien Book free to all. Ala.
feeder and a hearty feeder is COW THAT, WORKS FOR MANY YEARS. ,
hearty every bit I can get and scrape to. ---- -
one that cannot only eat a large quan- When we get a machine that does gether, for next year's onion patch. THE IMPROVED
tity of feed, but a large quantity of excellent work our first thought is, It will pay well to take some extra VICTOR
rich feed. It is the feed that makes will it be durable ? If it wears out pains with this source of plantfood.I .

the milk, and in order to make plenty after a few years it may be too expen have the poultry houses cleaned up x, INCUBATOR

of rich milk the cow must eat plentyof sive. Our business cow is a machine, occasionally and some new, dry loamor ', -- I Hatches Chickens by Steam.

I rich feed. by the use of which we expect to make muck or coal ashes put under the I:,_ ,Absolutely I I The simplest elf-revulolina.most reliable.
GENTLENESS. money, and she must be a durable' perches and sprinkled all over the Catalogue and cheapest Hatcher
I in the market. j Circulars free.
. ; The disposition of the Jersey cow machine, for we cannot afford to milk floors. The stuff scraped together 4 cents; GEO.. iltTUL&CO., Clulncy, JU

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184 THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.

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State News.Old Our Rural Home. will repay one for this attention. If Awarded
the soil is not rich, some fertilizing Highest Honors-World's Fair,
material should be mixed with it when
time farmers propose to raise Edited by MINNIE GILMORE MILLS, the roots are set out ; and if given an DR;
goodly quantities of rice this season. St. Thomas. Fla. occasional watering with 'liquid ma-
Bay land seems to be first choice for its nure it will enhance the beauty df
production, but high pine land will be The Flower Garden.II.As both foliage and blossom.I .
.used where bays cannot be had. A flower gardening has commencedin intended mentioning my favorites
few persons have already planted rice, earnest some suggestions as to among these handsome plants, but will
I but the prevailing sentiment,is to wait plants that do 'well in Florida may not leave that until another time.
until May or June before doing so. come amiss; for the new comer fre M. G. M. CREAM
The best quality of rice was raised in quently finds she has made a mistake, [Concluded next week.]
Orange county years ago. It can be after taking great pains to sow seed, .. .
done again.-Orlando. Sentinel. and even bring choice plants from her From Rookledge to Ormond By BAIONfiPODIR
old home in first if Water.
not inquiring
The turning point has been reachedin
these flowers flourish here. It is For Our Rural Home:
the. condition of the trees,
,. orange well known that some of those dear to On a beautiful bright morning early
? the sap is rising, but has not yet
,, our hearts in other climates are un- in March the fifty.foot steam launch I
reached it
a point where can be deter-
suited for the long hot summer in "Spartan" left the pier in front of theN
mined fully the exact state of( affairs.In MOST PERFECT MADE.A .
Florida, but require a more temperateseason. ew Rockledge Hotel with a party onboard
regard to the condition of in
groves (However, let us congratulate for the upper waters of the pure Grape Cream of Tartar Powder. Free
Oviedo and vicinity it is safe to
,
say from Ammonia, Alum or any other adulterant. '
ourselves that Florida Indian river far
a summer as as Ormond.
that thrifty trees over six old are
years 40 YEARS THE STANDARD.
will be for With the wind from the South
certainly appreciated once, we
and will
safe, save,the body and from
least for which it is had it and in
at reasons not at 'agreeably'warm conse-
four to eight feet of the limbs over two
inches in diameter; two to two and a I all necessary to mention in the hear- quence had all the windows and curtains beds were in full view. On we go
half inches appears to be the, dead line. ,. ing of those who have gone through open and the ever changing through the islands until the' Smyrna
Most of the young trees are killed to "the freezes.") landscape was taken in on both sidesof light-house is in sight, and soon the
the ground. A few trees in the old One of the first things to learn, if the boat. Here and there were tobe town itself, whichuis our destination for
groves are now sprouting from two to indeed not the first, is that grass and seen the brown tinge of the frost- the night. On the dock is an Isaac
ten feet_ from the ground. Some of the flowers will not thrive in the same, nipped orange groves showing up Walton disciple, who pulled out some
groves at Gee hammock are growing identical spot. I was a long time through the green of the palmettos, fine sheephead in an incredible short
vigorously. The general opinion hereis learning this simple lesson, having a which made us feel for the growers. timVe think it was owing to one
that old groves are more valuable strong dislike to a sandy yard; and allowing With an occasional sighting and of our party whistling for them, and
than before the freeze.-Oviedo Ga- the grass, of which there was speaking to a passing boat we steamedon the flow of the tide. .
zette. always an abundance, to encroach on through Bay Biscay where the We all went ashore, and the writerwas
the rose bushes and other plants, and river is six miles wide, then on to ,' indeed, surprised at the growthof
On a trip this week along the line of appropriating whatever fertilizer was Titusville which was passed without the place in the nine years of our'
the Florida Southern R. R., we noticed used. landing but close enough to see some absence. The old landmark,the Turn-
many of 'the orange trees between The lawn,or flower yard,may be carpet of the new houses and other Improve. bull house, is still standing among some
; Palatka and Hawthorn cut off with ed with grass-there is no necessity ments. After leaving Titusville the fine old cedars. Of course, we go to
the ground. This is not general l buta ; for having to sink into sand at every I course is changed to. the north east, the old sugar mill and ,Columbus -
few of the growers are doing it. step-but it can easily be made to which soon brings us in sight of white chapel by vehicle next morning. j
Some of these trees cut down were at keep its place, and should be. Forbearance sand banks at the entrance to the One of New Smyrna's most enter-
l least ten inches in diameter. In the I in this case is no virtue, but Haulover canal. ,When the dredge prising citizens, Mr.. Conner, pur- '
grove of Mr. C. W. White, Citra perseverance is. Some attention started to dig this canal a few years chased the interesting ruin and sees
Fruit Company and Crescent Grove should be given, twice or three times ago it was found there had to be that it is cared for. One of our party
Company, we saw in the larger trees during spring and summer, to pullingup I quite a distance deepened before the dug in the old pot in the corner which
live wood with no smell or discolora weeds and grass from among the canal proper began, the government has only been unearthed a week or,so
tion fully twenty feet from the ground. plants. I speak of well.grown ones. spent $2,000 on that seeminglysmall and where beneath some two feet of
These trees were near Orange Lake, Of course, not a blade of grass shouldbe piece of necessary work. The soil a cement floor was discovered.
and nearer still we saw nursery stock allowed among little seedlings. and canal is an interesting point, as it connects There is an oak tree the height cf the
two inches in diameter that were alive for this reason a box or a bed is best the Indian River with Mosquito wall growing inside of some of the .
above the bud.: A little farther away for them until they attain some size.I Lagoon. The lagoon is a wide pieceof walls. The ruin is supposed to be 300
from the Lake the small grove trees, find it most convenient to pullthe shallow salt water some miles lung, years old and therefore a study for
say under five inches, are dead to the grass away when I attend to fertiliz then we enter ,the Hillsborough river antiquarians.The .
ground while some of the larger sized ing my plants, and quite often when with its now browned mangrove isles drive of a mile and a half
trees are all right above the bud. In watering them; thus finding very little all around. To our left is seen the through a thick growth of cabbage
the groves of the Citra Fruit Company, I use for a hoe among them, after they large hotel at Oak Hill, which has palmetto and fern clad oaks with their
at least twenty-five men were at work have become well established and bsen a"great favorite among huntersfor festoons of gray moss, then on throughthe
'hoeing all green bushes and weeds I planted in their proper places. The some years. The government has piny woods, was indeed interesting.Back .
with the idea of killing out the white land I had to deal with heretofore, improved the narrow, circuitous we come, and the early fog
fly. In the Crescent Orange Grove was dark rich soil (more like hammock channel very much lately, so a boat has risen, over we go to old ocean
Company's grave of about 100 acres, than pine land) and it was a, drawing three feet can come through and as the tide is going out we have a
nearly all large trees, they claim that battle between grass and flowers; the very well, if the pilot is competent. drive axle deep in the water and then 1
they will not lose over twentyfiveper grass often being victorious, especially Here we saw' more cranes and other on to the Coranado Beach Hotel and, I
cent below the bud and some of f after the summer rains come on. Still, birds than on the river, and our atten-' back to the launch at the drawbridgewhere
them will come out fifteen or twenty I never attempted to keep it out of tion was drawn to a white pelican in we again embark. This beachis
feet from the ground. In this grove the yard, only from among the roots the distance, which was very like a the'same formation as will be foundat
we noticed some experiments being of my shrubs and 'flowers-at a little swan sailing around. On' one of the Ormond, Daytona and Cocoa
made; trees cut off at different heights distance it was allowed perfect free- islands a. party of gentlemen were Beaches, and is so well known today,
from the ground and sprig grafts.being dom. having their dinner prepared, and by that we will skip a description, but
inserted in some cut off level with the It is different now-I am not fearful way of diversion for us, played ball recommend one and all of our readersto
ground and covered with earth except t in regard to the grass-from pres- with their loaf of bread, then waved come and see and be charmed with
.the tips of the grafts which,were leftout ent appearances, will have to coax i it their grey blankets in token of fare the sight and bathing.
,.. about an inch. These buds had to associate with the flowers, even i iit if f well.Turtle After leaving New Smyrna a couple
been in a week and looked green andas must be banished later. Mound and Windy Castle are of miles the ocean is sighted rolling in
though they would start if the sap Among the most satisfactory plantsare landmarks; then comes a Hong Kong, at Mosquito Inlet. What a flock of
,. ever does. In no section did we see the cannas; there are many beautiful where we looked for some besieging pelicans, etc. are flying around and
any signs of new growth starting out. varieties, the flowers bearing Japs. Turtle Mound has enough shell fishing at the entrance. Here is the
.'"-' :. At'Ocala the trees are reported to bin e very little resemblance to the old "In in it to pave the streets of a large town.. Mecca of fisherman who are seen here
; : .. about the same condition as they dian Shot," that was many years ago Soon we pass El Dora, where a retired i and there on the banks with their
!1: are'about Citra. A great number of r valued chiefly, for its magnificent New York ship chandler has a boat drawn up and rod in hand, while
the orange growers are planting vege foliage. Both flower and leaf is now winter home amidst' the thick ham their boatman walks around, smokinga
tables all through this section.Can simply grand. They require water mock of palmetto and oak. cigar and thinking how easily he
Mateo Item. ing copiously, in dry seasons, but The tide was half out, so the oyster earns five dollars a day.



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THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. .385! '

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Pass we by the lighthouse and are the stems in varied shades of green, A ,

in the Halifax river with the tide bronze and gray greens; these are exceedingly Malaria Have You Any of These ? i
against us. Two miles up we come pretty and harmonious. The
to Ponce Park where there is a good design will have to be embroidered Produces ,Or any type, form or variety Malaria, Chills, 1
Fever, Ague, Dengue, or aGrippe. If so j
hotel and plenty of fishing right off before the linen is put over the card-

the docks. Here we buy a big sheep- board. If painting is prefered it is Weakness Wintersmith's

,,head for dinner, which is soon en more easily accomplished after the
joyed and which only partly satisfiesan pin-cushion is finished, as there will Debility Chill Tonic

increasing appetite for more. High then be no danger of rubbing the
Which
for 30 years has been the leading malarial
noon we reach that embryo city, Day- painting. Place pins all around the Indigestion remedy, and, being tried and true, sells .:
tona, where all are soon ashore; some edge of the egg, and finish with a 'Billiousness.. on its merits,
sightseeing and others visiting their bow of violet ribbon with long flow I!
friends. ing ends. Pin-cushions made in this Will Make You Well. ::
Constipation '
After two hours walking, etc. backwe way can be decorated with any spring ARTHUR PETER&CO., Wholesale' Agts.,Louisville Ky. J JT t
go to the Spartan full of admi-- flowers the fancy dictates, and.are exceedingly I
ration of the enterprising town with when suspended froma "
pretty An Immense stock of !
I ,its broad streets and shaded avenues, bureau or dressing stand. They
I then on to Ormond, six miles farther also make very dainty Easter presents WE E HAVE E HEALTHY POT-GROWN Guavas, Eugenlas, ri
which iS'reached in min- Camphors, Palms, Gardenias, Olea Fragrans, ;
north
: forty Magnolia Fuscata, and thousands of other
'! Preventing Lung Diseases. desirable plants, trees and shrubs adapted to all parts of Florida. Write '
utes.This is of the points Mr. for our prices. '
one Flag-
Most people rightly believe that the P. J. BEUCIOIAIVSFRUITIANI
ler has much interest in and where he 0
and normal of is the
full
use an organ > NURSERIES
has one of his\fine hotels. With his Augusta, Georgia..
best guarantee of its health and the .I "
aid and its natural advantages it is go- disease.
best against Upon
prevention
ing.ahead of many older places. The this simple idea is founded our phil- Orange Trees .:

Hotel Ormond, owned by Mr. Flag- osophy of exercise and rest, and the
,ler, is on the east side of the'river and of infringing this rule
consequences
only a half mile from the ocean, while are, ever before our eyes.Ve all Lemon Trees !r.
the Hotel Coquina is on the bluff of know that an overworked as well as.a
the beach. The town' connects with starved stomach leads to' some form i

the east with a bridge a half mile of gastritis, or that a sedentary habitas
long and which is the fourth we came well as over exertion brings weak The Old Reliable Buckeye Nurseries r
since the Ocean
through leaving ness and invites disease. A broad _

House dock at Smyrna.The truth: like this holds good in one part I have on hand the finest lot of stock I,have ever gown of all the standard va- 1.:
grandma of the'party has beenon of the body as'welljas: in another. It rieties. I have a specially fine lot of Tardiff and Jaffa m two-year buds, from five
many steamboats, but says this trip is just as true of the lungs as of the to seven feet high. I recognize the fact that it'n hard times, and propose to sell at .
she has enjoyed the most.of all. arms or the legs. hard time prices. I make a specialty of the King Orange.

The remainder of the party echo Suppose for some reason a child's Write for prices. (

her words, so the captain is well leg is put in a plaster cast, thus ren- 31. E. GILLETT, Prop.,
pleased at their satisfaction and hopesto dering it fixed and incapable of move- Weirsdale Fla.
\
,have many more aboard J. NESBITT.soon. ment, what necessarily happens? HAM MAR Costs LESS than "Cheap" Paint or S. P. White Lead.I I
Naturally a marked general weaknessand Write for Book on Painting and Color Card, FREE. If :
Coral Beach, Fla. marked muscular at- not on sale in your town we will quote,price delivered, ;
an equally I'AIN
I T freight prepaid,and send written guarantee for five years. a
Lovers of Florida scenery,'(and whois rophy. The analogy in the lungs F. HAM MAR PAINT CO. SPRUCE ST., ST. LOUIS,'MO. ;

not ,one?) will be charmed by Mrs. holds perfectly good. We must keep I ,
N's description of a trip up the far two facts in mind; first, that the upper their keener vitality and budding Susan B. Anthony is doing her best, -

famed Indian River, and like myself, part of the lung is immovably fixed strength. This means is so simple using spurs and whip. Yes, f "the
wish it longer; but to condense ,so'as by its attachments to the chest walls, that it is apt to be disregarded, but a world do move "-but towards what ?
to make it suitable for our columns which at this place have very little layman would be surprised if he couldsee 1

seems to have been, her aim. Next movement; second, that about one- some,of the beneficial results of it A Hot Weather Bath. .

time; ,let'us hope she will give a more quarter of the lung tissue is generallynot even in that plague of our time, tuber- Put a cup of sea salt, one,half ounce
used. Here are two factors which"in culosis of the lungs.-Dr. Nathan Op-
minute description-for imagination camphor and one-half ounce of ammonia
fills the gap with scenes of almost the abstract are finely designed for penheim in Babyhood. in a quart bottle; fill the bottle

oriental beauty, notwithstanding the producing disease. In this light manya with hot water and let it stand twenty-
over-careful mother
fact, that there were no orange trees in careful or even Dr. Price's Cream Baking Powder four hours; then, when prepared to
little in
her
full,bloom, as is usually the case at this can understand how one, World's Fair Highest Medal.and Diploma. bathe with a sponge, put a teaspoonful -
time of year. Then there is so muchof spite of the most rigorous care, develops -I ; of this mixture, well shaken, into

historical interest connected with a bronchitis or a pneumonia, The young women in the Lake City your basin, A surprising quantity of

some' places the "Spartan" passed, or even the dreaded consumption.And college are sound at heart, judgingfrom dirt will come from the cleanest skin.

,that anything connected with them, with a full appreciation of the the following in the Cadet Bugle: The ammonia cleanses, and the cam-

coming: at this remote period, possesses facts comes a knowledge of the rem- The convention of women repre- phor and the sea salt impart a beneficial -

a two fold attraction, when written edy. A stooping Or careless posture, senting various female organizationsin effect which cannot be exagger
by our welcome correspondent. a shambling walk, a shallow respira- the United States in Washington, ated.
up
1 Ed. O. R. H. tory habit necessarily leave a part of D. C., seems to have struck off 0
1 the lung without its normal work and thoughts and some of the speeches STATE OF Onio, CITY OF TOLEDO,
exercise. The result must inevitably worthy of consideration from a liter LUCAS COUNTY. }38.
A Girl's Pin Cushion. follow. The weakened structure be- ary standpoint. But wherein is the FRANK J. CHENEY makes oath that he
is the senior partner of the firm of F. J.
A novel pin-cushion, and one which comes congested, heavy, not to be ex practical good? A good social time, CHENEY & Co., doing business in the City
may be fashioned at very little expense panded. An abnormal secretion a good opportunity for dressing according Toledo,County and State aforesaid,and
'is made in the shape of an egg writes shows itself, and very soon the doctoris to the dictates of the anthro- that the said firm will pay the sum of
ONE HUNDRED DOLLARS for each and
Anna T. Roberts in Dainty Accessories called in. mania craze and a brush up againstthe
of Catarrh that cannot be cured
for a Girl's Room" in the La- The lesson is plain and easy. See leaders and customs of the social by every the case use of HALL'S CPTARKII CURE.
dies' Home Journal.! Cut two pieces that your little ones sit straight and fair ground of the U. S. and a rattling FRANK CHENEY.

of cardboard any size you may desire, walk straight, make them puff out their off of female rhetoric in a decidedly Sworn to before me and subscribed in
cover neatly with ecru or white linen, chests in the various exercises and masculine delivery. Yes, all these, my presence, this 6th day of December,
and after .this is done sew the two games which your ingenuity may sug- but wherein is the world wiser or A. D." 1866.
pieces together. The decoration, gest; teach them so to swing their better ? I am really afraid that some !-" A. W. GLEASON,
which consists of violets with their arms that every cubic inch of lung tissue of the "subjugated husbands" left { SEAL. } Notary Public.

leaves and buds, can be either embroi- may come into play. And then behind in the nursery have had their ..
dered or painted. If embroidered, not only will you avoid a certain per. tempers spoiled waiting for Atlanta Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken internallyand
worked in ,of troubles but also and Washington conventions to frazzle acts directly on the blood and mucous
the flowers should be two centage lung your surfaces of the system. Send for testimonials
or three shades of the violet silks, with babies will have rich blood, will have out. God bless the poor oppressed, I free. .
a tiny French knot of gold colored brighter eyes and better appetites, will overtaxed men, we women have got F. J. CHENEY & CO., Toledo, 0.
silk in the centre of each. Embroider make you glad every time you notice three lengths ahead at last, and Aunt 6rSold by Druggists, 75c.






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186 THB FLORIDA :FARMER AND FBUIT-GROWEB. I''


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TERMS OF SUBSORIPTION Words Which Oheer Us. corn a start. The corn grows faster FEBRUARY 1895.

For One Year ...............82.00: than it does in the South ; it seems to
l.oo My advertisement in
For Six Months your paper
In Foreign Countries .... 3.00 has brought me lots of business and ]I be a provision of nature to hurry the We take the following items from

SSTSubsdriptions in all cases cash in shall card. corn up in ,order to get it matured before Government Weather Report.
soon give a yearly
advance. No discount allowed on one's you frost falls in autumn. Hence the

own subscription(except in a club), but to D. L. PIERSON. Northern farmer can and does crowd TEMPERATURE.The .
Monticello Fla
liberal cash commission will for
all agents a mean temperature February,
'be allowed on all subscriptions obtainedby I enclose check for $4.00, to pay) more stalks on a square rod than the 52.1 degrees, is 12.6 degrees below
Southern farmer does. This dwarfs
them. Write for terms. subscription to July 1896
my ; my the normal for the State and 10.5 degrees -
: To every new subscriber we will send, former subscription having expired ir the ear somewhat and makes it less
lower than the mean for Febru-
postpaid, a copy of Whitner's "Garden- for the stalk to two
possible
I observe that haveme carry
subscribers July, 1894. you At it .
1894. Jacksonville
ing in Florida. For two new One the stalk ary, was
: at $2.00 each, we will send, down on your list as correspon- ears. good ear to not only the coldest February: since
of Moore's "Orange dent but I cannot 'it that should be the aim of the Northern
postpaid, a copy accept way.I the station was established but the
'Culture." am not worth $2.00 a year to you as: farmer, while the Southerner, with his coldest month in the history of the
,: Rates'of advertising on application. and journal wide distance and larger stalks, may
check correspondent, your station and doubtless this statement
Remittances should be made by ,
strive for two to the stalk. In
is worth ten times that sum to me. perhaps
postal note money order or registered will apply as well to all stations in the
Utter to order of W. A. RAWLS. the South the kernel will grow long,, State. The monthly
mean temperature -
F.ABMBB AND FRUIT GROWER, Tallahassee, Fla. soft, white and sweet ; in Ohio it will
at and the
Jacksonville
Jacksonvllle'Fla. be shorter and was 47.6
more flinty, yellow
accumulated deficiency ot mean, tem-
For Corn. to the taste.
Phosphates stronger
for the month degrees
NOTICE perature was 341 -
The scheme of
In a series of experiments .made at developing a perma- a daily average deficiency of
two-eared of is l
nent variety corn con
If you receive a copy of this the Massachussetts Experiment Sta- afresh in, 12.2 degrees. February 8th, was the i

paper which you did not order, tion phosphatic slag, Mona guano, tinually springing the up dream of mere agricultural coldest day experienced in Jacksonville t

consider it an invitation to sub- Florida rock phosphate, South Caro, experimenters journals and, theorists. The since the Weather Bureau office f

lina floats each at the rate of'850 lbs. established in the r
scribe. If you do not want it, both in the was 1871; temperature -
species vegetableand
larger
acre and dissolved bone at the remained below the
,
per freezing point
,kindly hand it to a neighbor. animal world produce one at a t
rate of 500 lbs. per acre, were appliedin all day; the maximum? for the day was \
birth at fruiting the smaller the
or a
connection with a constant quant- ; 30 degrees and the minimum, 14 de \
CONTENTS. The fertilizer species, generally, the more numerous '
ity of nitrogen and potash. grees. The mInImUm' was the same as [
the Corn is the giant of the
each the progeny.
GKOVB AND ORCHARD ach !; Good applied to plat cost registered during the cold wave of
'. News from the Groves; Sau Jose Scale.. 179 same amount. The largest yields of grasses and produces one ear as natu- December which '
29th
1894 was
Pruning Frosted Trees ... ...............180 rally as the elephant brings forth one !
where
ears occured ground Mona lower than before recorded
VINEYARD-Notes on Grape Culture No 4; ever ; mean
Grapes on the Gulf Coast......;......... 180 and South Carolina calf. The true study and effort of in-
Munson's System of Training[ ...... .... 18* guano phosphatewere tensive farming which is simply good temperature on February 8th, 22 degrees -
FARMER AND TRUCKER-Tobacco Stems used, the largest yield of stover the lowest on record at Jacksonville. -
and Tobacco Dust Melonswith Strawberries farming, should be not to produce two -
;
; The Nansemond Swept Potato.. .... i8t with phosphatic slag. Ice two inches thick formed :
Outlook for Florida Crops in the North.... 182 .-. ears to the stalk, but to develop the and the banks'of the St. Johns; river
.......
TyiVR STOCK-Pljf Feeding in Florida. 182 of to the
highest grain
The Jersey a Business Cow...... ...... .... 183 Two-Eared Corn. percentage were fringed with ice thick enoq'gh.to
POULTRY-Fowls and Fertility..... ..... .... 183 stalk. We do not know that any tests '
'
OUR RURAL HOME-The Flower Garden; If we expect two ears to the stalkwe have ever been made to determine bear the weight of a man, near the
From Rockled to Ormond by Water.... 184 must not large ears. In shore. The warmest weather during
, A Girl's Pin Cushion; Preventing Lung Diseases expect whether there would be a higher per- ,
............ February occured at the beginning
. ; A Hot Weather Bath. 185 selecting seed for, two-eared corn, we of shelled in
w.... '" KDITORIAL-Words That Cheer' Us; Phosphates centage corn proportionto and near the end of the month ,most !
should select such stalks have
,
as two ;
for Corn.; Two-Eared Corn; Feb- the of the cobs from two- I
weight
ruary, 1895.... ..... ., .,. ..... .... 186 ears moderately close to the ground of the observers recorded their highest \ J
eared than from one-eared but
Poods in the Year : Markets Our St. corn;
Louis Letter.....2,000.....; ",, ...... ;...... .... .187 rather than higher up, and both ears we believe the majority of practiced temperatures on the 1st, 2nd, 27th and !
Tea Growing in South Carolina Heed the 28th. The coldest the
Signals...... ... .... .;. ......... t83 as nearly of a size as possible. Where corn-growers would agree with us in days were 7th, ,
Natural Incubation for the Turkey. ........ 189 ,, one ear is conspicuously larger than the belief that the one-eared 8th and 9th; most stations report their

The Farmers'Growing,.....of....Sugar.. ......Cane..1...by... ..Small.. .. 190 i its twin, it shows a tendency to revert would show the lower percentage corn of lowest on the 8th, when the temperature -

to the one-eared corn. Both ears willbe weight in cobs. When we begin to fell below the freezing point at

Weather in Jacksonville. small unless the land is exceedingly push corn for the highest yields it all stations in the State except Key

rich. Under this of selec- West. The greatest local monthly
system
'. v' ... "sports" with two ears now and then,
a .. blI = C!! sI...: tion the farmer will soon have few range of temperature was 65 degrees
CIS and the of
= cupidity man, ever ready to
DATE.a Po CIS Ham Archer and the least I
'
stalks with less than two ears, whetherthe 31 degrees
for
00 00 ? 4Mch grasp at "something nothing,
- Key West. The local
land is rich but he will be greatest
range
12.... .... 63 60 65 57 q 62 76 or'poor; catches at this as a permanent gain.In .
Meh. 13 ....!... 67 :2 83 59 24 71 .6Mch very apt to fied his yield considerably the Temecula valley southern was 52 degrees at Orlando on the 7th,
....... 66 81 65 16 T.. and the least
; 14. 73 73 reduced unless his land is fertile i degree at Amelia on
....... very ,, with
Mch. 15. 71 73 E3 61 19 74 T : California, we have seen corn
Meh.- 16........ 46 67 8E 67 14 74 .10 and his expense in gathering and feed- the 1St. The highest mean maximum
.... four, five, even six ears to the stalk;
deh. 17 47 49 57 45 12 5t T i 68.2 is
Mch.IL..56 50 65 42 23 54 .0 I ing will be nearly doubled, for i it takes and that fact has been published to temperature, degrees, reportedby
,- - Key West and the lowest
time
by
much handle 50.6
about as to a nubbinas ,
Mean ....... 59 63 74 57 17 G6 III .Q2 ; the world by the land boomers of that
Amelia.
West the
Key highest
Total rainfall.T an ear. section as a wonderful circumstance.But reports
Trace. The Alabama and the Florida ex- mean minimum temperature, '59.6 degrees I
what the fact? this
E. R. DI MAIN Observer. was Simply :
I I periment stations have reached the and Tallahassee the lowest, 35.2
farmer
That Florida.
no self-respecting
degrees The highest
conclusion that two-eared
corn will temperature,
would this i he
corn as a gift (
Down in Lee county guns seem to' produce a larger yield and is more had accept it. It. 85 degress, occured at Hypoluxo on !
to plant was as ring-
have a reprehensible habit of falling I profitable than one-eared. But the streaked and the the 2nd and the lowest, n degrees, at
speckled spotted as
out of a wagon in such a way as to' conditions of growth and ,culture are raised it Pensacola and Tallahassee on the 8th, }
of the Mexicans who
be discharged shoot somebody. different from those of Ohio. The and goats American farm-, making the monthly range for the 1

-----.. ..' ------+ lands of the South are sluggish and ers it among would intelligent rank about, as high in the State, 74 degrees. Mean maximum

Any blackjack ridge in Florida can cold until late in the season, much scale of vegetable life as the foul smelling temperature for the State, 61.5; mean

be made to produce plenty of food later than a person living in the North goat in the animal world. We do minimum, 42.2; mean monthly, 52.1.

crops with plenty of fertilizer and wa. would believe. You will never hear not want the multiple-eared Mexican SNOW.

ter, but the question is, will it pay? ,, corn crack from fast growth until in kind, breeding like cats, but the grand, More snow fell in Florida during .

If the growers who live on, such soils June, any more than you would in the powerful, one-eared type which this month than in any month since I

intend to stay there and fight it out on North. Hence the southern farmer breaded the tall Confederate and gave observations were begun by the weather :

the line of oranges, while they are has to court the sunshine for his corn bone and'muscle to the gallant Westerner bureau. Traces of snow fell at I

waiting probably it will be a profitable planted in March. He has to plant who conquered him. Eustis on the 14th and 16th. At

employment of their time to grow food wide-four feet at least-and leave Jacksonville, light sleet began at 7:22":
.
crops so far as their own labor will only one or two stalks to the hill. p. m., February 14th and continued

reach. But to pay out money tor labor These one or two stalks can producetwo The true interest of the United about five minutes, when it turned to

at $1 a day, or even less, and for ; ears apiece more easily than the States is to have Cuba remain a colonyof snow, which lasted about five minutes,

fertilizer of the gilt-edge brands to raise closer-planted corn in the North.In Spain. It seems to be the destinyof ending at 7:32: p. m. It began, to

pot-boilers is a down-hill business. Iowa, where the season is short, islands generally to belong to some snow again at 7:20: p, m. and fell very

There is money in growing oranges or hot weather, comes on more quickly continent and Cuba had better belongto lightly till 9:00: p. m., when the snow

high-priced early vegetables on a black- than in the South. The land has Europe than to America. It is turned to sleet; sleet continued to fall

jack ridge, even with an occasional been pulverized and lightened like easier.to enforce a quarantine against till about 10 p. m., when it began to

freeze, but food-farming there is a hopeless yeast by the hard freezing; the heat Cuba than it would be if it was one of turn to rain. This was the second

business. penetrates> it quickly and gives the the States of the Union. snow-fall recorded at station. Lake





.
... ----- -
-- ---- ----------



.< >...' r .. '" > .. .. .' ", < -; __. .. ''''- \ "' r -, ''':: 'r: ::" '' .... .li ,, 'r t -::; :< '1'7 f";' .. ,,"T ., '" ',' ,, .,>. ., '... .' ,. '... .,(.\ '". .r,1" .... ., :\ ..T"t." ', .' r' ; .'I ,, ((9:1;" .:, .' ;.',,, T. ,' .' 'r .., '''1-f.;, ., :"." 1'"L... .d' "... ,
,
." ,, ,. < ''. .\. .!' .'" .. I.,".,",',. I!t}.

t "



.


TIlE-FLORIDA '. "J 1

FARMER AND
.. FRUIT-GROWER. 187

I '


.. City reports: "During night of 5th, flarkets. T'HE ..t"
an inch of snow fell; all house roofs

were covered in the morning and the JACKSONVILLE, FLA Mcli.\ 22. FIRST NATIONAL BANK OF FLORIDA

drifts were two to three inches deep. FRUITS AND PRODUCE.

This is the first snow at this place Corrected by Marx Bros. ,
These are average quotations. Extra choice JACI: SONVILLE. ::
since the winter of 185152." At lots fetch prices above top quotations, while poor ,.
lots sell lower.CowpeasClaybu.. The Oldest National Bank in the State. t
Manatee, fine snow fell during the ..........-.......... 1.25 .,
forenoon of the 8th. At MoseleyHall 1.50 This Bank after twenty years of successful business has just undergone a rigid special examination !.
Red Ripper...... ...... .... 1.75 by the United States Comptrollers Department,and has had its charter extended for an
snow fell on the i4th, said to Black :ye.... ..... ...... .. 2.00 other period of twenty years.*
time in Cocoanuts... .... ............. 3.50 By conservative, yet liberal methods this bank has achieved the highest reputation for solidity,
have been the first 43 years. Peanuts best brand...... ............. 04 to.05 strength and ability to meet legitimate demands. 1
Light snow fell at Mullet Key on the Imported cabbage,each.. ........... .16 We invite a visit or correspondence, looking toward business relations, assuring you that your I I
apples, bbl............... .. 5.50 favors shall at all times receive intelligent and careful attention.
9th, melting as soon as it touched the beets bbl........... ........ 2.50 ii"
ground.. The observer at Tallahassee Potatoes, bbl. Burbanks .. .. .......... 2.50 JAMES M. SCHUMACHER, R. C. COOLEY
44 2.25 President. Cashier. !I''
reports that two inches of snow fell at Early Rose, N. Y.seed...... a.js i
of the Hebron seed........ .......... 2.75 Safe Deposit Boxes For Rent. li:1:
that place on the night 14th, Peerless. ... ... .... ,......... 2.75
before the rain began and remainedon "Chill Red ....... .. .......... 2.75 01'' I
Onions, bbl ............ ...... ........ 3.25 DAVIDSON :
the ground in north exposures till ECggs.... .. .. -_........ .._. .....-. .12 & co., : : ;
the VEGETABLES AND POULTRY.
17th. Corrected by Davis & Robinson. COMMISSION MERCHANTS. !: [

Yellow Yams, bush. ........ ..... .... .50 ;
Snow, also fell at Tampa and Pensa- Sweet Potatoes ... ..... ...... ....... ..50Hubbardsquasil
bbl... ........ ...... 2.75 HEADQUARTERS FOR FLORIDA FRUITS. (
cola and at the latter place, the fall, Lettuce, ........ .25 to .40 {; ;

according to reports was Celery..... ......... .........._.. .. .35 to .50 'lit''
newspaper Egg Plants; bbl ................ ..... 6.00 ORANGES, LEMONS, PINEAPPLES, EARLYjVEGETABLES OF ALL KINDS :',
deep enough to permit the people of Tomatoes, crates .. 3 00 No. 20 West Front Street, Cincinnati, Ohio. .1'
that ride in Sleet fell Sweet Pepper bu. none............-... 3.00 :'
'city to sleighs. Okra, bu, none..... . ...... .. ..... I
at Archer on the 14th; at Jacksonville Green Beans crate, none .... .. ....
Peas, none...... ........ ....... Pr'T8BUEt..Gr: : : >>:mNNSYL'V.A.N.A..
,on the 14th; at Lake City on the Turnips, bunch.........?...... .... ... .06
15th at Moseley Hall on the 14th Cucumbers, crate........... ...... .... 7.00 .
; Pumpkins, each.................. ..... 05 to .15 Somers :Brother & Co. ESTABLISHED
and Tallahassee on the 15th.E. Kershaws, each... ..... ......... .10 to .15 1876.
R. DEMAIN Parsley, per d)z. bunches........... .50
Carrots,Fla., per doz.bunches........ ,.25 to .35 Commission
Director. Green onions per doz. bunches..2o to .30 Fruits and Produce.
Pepper,hot bushel, none............ 1.50 to 2.00 A/lerchanta./
Sage well cured lb...................... .10 to. 15
Lima Beans, shelled, qt, none ........ Refer to Banks, Mercantile Agencies and the business community of Western Pennsylvania.
Temperature. Hens........ _-...?............._u ..... .35 Market Reports, special references to regular shippers, "shipping' stencils, stamps, etc.,furnished
Roosters............,U.. U............-... .25 to .30 free application. INQUIRIES AND CORRESPONDENCE: INVITED.
Broilers........._...................... .18 to.25
Turkeys, per pound,gross..... ...,.,-. .12
,ITATIONS. uA v Ducks..... .......... ...... ... ....... '30 to 40 placed at about 50 per cent. If the esti- "BROWN'S BRONCHIAL TROCHES" will
:) .v. i P ..aio .. Geese.-.................. .............. .. .50 is made the of last relieve Bronchitis Asthma Catarrh
x a a Wild ducks doz.................... ....... i.ootoa.oo mate on basis year'scrop quickly ;
- Wild turkeys each....... ............... i.oo to 1.50 then the supply will be light in-, and Throat Diseases.. Sold only in
Cauliflower doz....... ........... ....2.5010300 deed. All the other fruits are reportedas Boxes.
Amelia '.. ...... ........... .... 67 7 17 8 New Potatoes, bbl. ............... ..... 5.00 to 6.00 about half killed by the various bliz-
Archer .. ...... .... ........ 80 x IS 8 Florida Cabbage, each............. .... .8 to 10. A
Avon Park,(a).. .... T' ...... .... .... .... .... zarde that swept over that section. -
... .. ... 75 2 16 x Pittsburg. Market. few pronounce the peach crop safe, but PECAN CULTURE
Clermont..... ........ ..... .... 78' 2 18 8 good peach orchards are scarce in that
DeLaand ... .... ...... .... ...... 78 x 17 8 PITTSBURG, March 16.-Cucumbers, section. .
.Eustis (b) .... .-...._ .... .... 78 x 16 8 extra, fancy, per dozen, 1.75 to $1.80, -:- FOR PROFIT.
Federal Point .. .... ...... .. .. 76 J8 16 8 good, ordinary, $1.25 to $1.50; Radishes, The following from D.Strickland, Inde-
FortMeade..... .:......... .... 79 I 24 9 pendence, La., received yesterday by P. .
Gtassmere .... ...... ...... .... 77 x 17 8 long, per dozen, 40c to GOc., round, 35c to M. &' Co. discloses the situationand Don't Freeze.Our i
Green Cove Spring. ...... .... 75 28 13 7 40c.; Lettuce, large, per dozen, 50c to GOc, Kiely They .
Homeland .. .... .... ... .... 77 28 2:1: xHypoluxo small, 30c to 40c., J bushel basket, 50c to prospects for fruit, etc. The surpris-
.. ...... .... .......... 85 2 32 8 bbl. 00 Green 'ing feature to the trade here is that Louis modern soft-shell pronounced finest, largest
Jacksonville.... ...... ..... .. .76 28 14 8 GOc., head, per $6 to $7.00; iana should be showing late as and quickest bearing, America. Well adap-
Jupiter.. '............ .. ...... 84 2 27 9 Onions, per dozen, 15c to 25c.; Celery N. up so very ted to Florida, and nearly every. State in the
Key West ...... ................ 8o 149 9 0., per bunch, 80c to $1.00; Cauliflower, the 15th of April with the first ship- Union. We sell and deliver first-class trees
... ...... .. 80' x :9 8 dozen to ments: cheaper than any other growers. Put out a
Lake City..... .... ......... .... 7S 27 15 8 large, fancy, per $1.50 $2.25, "Will be no strawberries shipped from grove,a fortune in a few years. We also have the
Manatee .. ...... ...... ...... So I 23 9 California, per case, $2.00 to $2.50; finest, prettiest, and most prolific field corn
Meritt's Island ........... 76 8 22 8 Onions, Havana per crate, $2.25 to $2.50; here before the 15th of April, and our known-50 ears to; bushel. Highest premiums
Moseley Hall ........ ...... .... 74 X 12 8 bbl. to fruit and vegetable crop will be just about f 100 co for sample of better pecans or corn. Send
Mullett Key .. .......... ...... 73 I 29 8 Potatoes, per $7.00 $7.50. Buyersare one month behind the usual time. The for descriptive. pamphlet.
Myers (a)' : .. .... .... ........ .... .'... ... now on the keen lookout for nice lots CAROLINA SEED & PECAN CO.,
New Smyrna {b)............. .. 77 2 17 8 of new Southern and hot-house vegeta- prospects just now for a full berry crop
Oak Ilill..... ...... ............ 75 27 :n 8 bles. Consumers But are the'best' we have had since ]891, but IvanHoe, N. C.
Ocala..... ......... .... .... 75 x 16 8 want a change. it is a little early to determine the size of
I Orange City... ...... .......... 78 2 18 SI the severe winter weather, experienced "
I Orange Park...... ..... ....... 75 28 14 8 everywhere. retarded crops, consequently the vegetable crop. Bradley Redfield. Eugene B. Redfield.
I Orlando .... ..!. ........ ... .... 81 7 19 7 have been much lighter than The prospects for peaches are not as
Pensacola..... ........... ...... 73 26 11 8 receipts bad as they appeared heretofore. It is ESTABLISHED 1871.
I Plant CIty. .... .... .... .. .79 27 2I 8 usual at this season, and entirely inade-
St. Augustine.. ...... .. .. .... 75 28 16 8 quate to meet the wants. For instance, .I generally conceded now that the entire REDFIELD & SON,
I I Tallahassee ..... ...... .... ....... 75 x II 8'Tam.a. not bunch of has yet been Georgia crop is safe up to date. This
a
,I ........... ..... .... .. 77 7 2:1: 8 Asparagus means a great deal, because the magni- MerchantsAND
Tarpon Springs .......... .... 76 x :22Titusville. 9i seen in the market, while last year it was in is Commission
.......... Lettuce tude of the industry Georgia gener-
i .... ... ... 77 28 19 8I. quite plentiful in February. ,
ally unknown or underestimated. As a --
Radishes ( Onions
I. Cucumbers, green ,
,(a). Not received in time for publication.b Rhubarb, etc., are arriving moderatelyand sample district take Fort Valley and its Fruit Auctioneers
i ( ). Data for,27 days. find favor. Strawberries, direct from immediate surroundings. There is under ,
the management of one man, J. B. James
until
Florida, will not move our way
about April 1st. Although late starting (resident manager), who looks after the 141 Dock Street, Philadelphia, Pa.
In the Year 2000. welfare of nine different orch-
Foods eight or
ont, there is no reason to fear a faminein We handle all kinds of Fruits and Vegetables,
Professor Berthelot believes that Strawberries. ards, whose aggregate acreage is 7,551 either at private sale (which has heretofore been
eventuallydisplace SOMERS BROTHER & Co. acres of young thrifty trees, and yet this our custom) or by the auction system (recently
synthetic chemistry will .....-, is only about half the area devoted to added to our business) as you may desire.

agriculture. In McClure's peaches at that point. Marshall is an-

Magazine, H. J. W. Dam gives an Our St. Louis Letter. i other place where fine peach orchardsare i '

account of an interview with him. Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower : \ ,almost as numerous. Texas reports a
fFroduce Sold
Prof. Berthelot maintains that several Eight shipping points in West Tennessee fair crop. The latest from Kentucky says

:1 industries have on the M. & O. R.R., shipped of straw- most of the peach belt in that State and <*) Quick and paid for quick, Is tho way our shippers
agricultural already
within Southern Indiana is safe. Southern Illinois of Fruits and Vegetables like it; and
berries alone last year 136 cars, and 40 years' experience without : I
I for our defaulting
been destroyed by chemistry as claims and does Arkansas
I 21 days. The A. R. T. Ref. Co. hauled a crop, so )dollar is "guaranty both of ability and stabll
example, the cultivation of madder I most of them to the various markets of and Mississippi, while Missouri claims ity. Any bunk <>r merchant using. mercantUtIl'tlllOl'ts
can tell our staudln
root for alizarin for coloring, and oth- the country. In view of the fact that nearly half the buds, alive up to date. As we never buy, we never have goods of.(
in P. Al\ KIELY. 'our own for tho best prices, leaving that o:; '
ers are already in danger; that food I Tennessee reported only half a crop (growers for second plnce. ,
ndOaAF"mE1
nutriments fats and have that section of the Slate last season- --e. .-4e. consignments I for increasing t
t as sugars, '
INQUIRING !O> OUR STANDING
been prepared syntheticallyfrom through adverse spring weather-tho Our Bainbridge, Georgia, advertiser, ,TRY US. A TRIAL WILL COST YOU'NOTHING.
already showing was surprisingly large, but the Air\ T. B. Brooks, writes: "Discontinue AND YOU MAY LIKE OUb.ME'l'IIOI)1 '
their elements; and that it is much larger a I :: BEST.:
aggregate shipments were the Essex pig advertisement We have Letters answered promptly. Stencils anu
quite probable the preparation of oth great deal going by express and many have never had so many replica before 'cards free. Send: your name for our littltI
I small lots also The yield this I book about marketing Fruit! Vegetables
ers will .follow, until ultimately all by freight. and are nearly out of pigs.

food materials, beverages, condiments, season Several promises letters to from be about West the Tennessee same. > mSituation ;French & COer

Offered.See .
tobacco, etc., will be made artificially week advise for
during the past prospects York.
116 Warren St. New
by processes revealed by chemistry I strawberries not very good- the damage the ad "Dairyman Wanted," in our ,

j instead of from natural products. I through the hard winter weather being cheap column.







--. .. ..- I _.,._.__..__., .", __T._''' _'_''__'_-' .__,_ '"', ___ .. ..____---,---. ." -'. .- -" ,--- 1
:=



'" .









188 THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. '

r

An Example of American Genius.

"They kept the pig in tho parlor," was Complete Fertilizersfor

the. eccentricity charged in song against

certain Emerald Islanders. This was potatoes, fruits, and all vegetables require (to secure the largest ,
but
doubtless "the making of the pig a
little rough on the parlor. The harmer of yield and best quality)

today can hatch the chickens in the par-

or lor the without chickens prejudice if he uses either the to Model the parlor Excelsior At Least IO% Actual Potash!. 4I? [taNEJ N ..Wa :

incubator, for this birchwood box,
with its highly polished mahogany finish Results of experiments prove this conclusively. How and

and brass trimmings, makes a piece of
furniture handsome enough to stand why, is told in our pamphlets.

along-side of the piano. There is cer- They are sent free. It will cost you nothing to read them, and they will save you Shortest Most Attractive
in the of such a Quickest
tainly a satisfaction use dollars. GERMAN KALI WORKS, 93 Nassau Street, New York. ,
'finely-finished machine-a satisfaction .
that deepens with the knowledge that :R.01JTE:

the handsome finish of these machines is BETWEEN
The Southern Pythian I Heed the Signals!
materials and
an index of the superior FLORIDA POINTS AND THE NORTH
thorough workmanship which enter into Messrs J. F. Brice and M. G. Johnson I Mr. A. I. Root, in Gleanings in Bee THE;

their construction. Twelve years ofin- have issued, in this city, the first numberof Culture, says there is altogether too
cubator-building has qualified! Mr. George a very neat semi-monthly journal, full much joking abouth the weather,signal Florida Central and PeninsularNEW

i, H. Stahl for the production.of a machine of the l local news of the great order of service and little attention
too paid to THROUGH ROUTES.
in the world. In
without a superior Knights of Pythias. The following is a
material, in"construction and in finish the no intended its warnings. People sensible about New York to Jacksonville by
pithy sample (( pun ):
New Florida Pennsylvania R. R. to Washington -
Model;Excelsior meets this expectation; \Ve are getting too many men who can other matters are indifferent and even and .1 Southern Railway to
its brass tank and heater and its double only see the word "benefit" in our mot- stupid about this wonderful invention.At Northern Columbia, Florida Central &
machine.As Air Line.Cincinnati Peninsular to all ''principalJ
other
regulator are found on no There in fraternal
toes. are men our his establishment in Medina, 0., points In Florida.
incubator-builder Mr. Stahl has
achieved an a unique success. A pioneer in Order the meaning to-day of who the know word no"fraternity more about," they display the predictions each day, Cincinnati Queen & Crescent to Jacksonville to Chatta-by

this field he has set the pace in invention than a goat does about catching catfish. and record the actual weather. In December and }nooga. Southern R'y to Ever-
and construction. The antipodes and the There are people who will not cast their there were only two failures in Florida ette, Florida Central & Penin-
Limited. sular to all Important Florida
islands of the sea are using Excelsior incubators bread into the waters, unless they are assured either weather or temperature. Dur- points.

; their fame is world-wide. before-hand that it will come backin a recent storm on the lake millionsof Kansas City, Fort Scott &
When it is stated that Mr. Stahl is the a few days a full-grown sandwich, all ing Kansas and City Memphis II.R.to Kansas Citl'Jackso'ville
owner of over sixty patents on incubator trimmed with ham, butter and mustard, money and hundreds of lives were }kto Birmingham, RTy
to Everette, Fla. Central &
saved because the craft in T I Line
rolled up in a warranty deed for onehalfof stayed port. lrO Peninsular to all Fla. points.
-u the earth and a mortgage on the other. One vessel ventured out and was lost. Louis to Jacksonville by

Such fellows are not good "fraternity"men. The Florida freeze was predicted and 1St. Short Line to Du Quoin,
Holly Sp'gsRoute. Central to Holly Sp'gs,
cold-wave flags up, December 28th, City, Memphis & Birmingham -
I the blizzard that J to Birmingham,Sou.
i Tea Growing in South Carolina. announcing came R'y to Everette and F. C. &P.
i twenty four hours after. Had the Florida Sioux City & Chicago to Jacksonville -

Some fifteen years ago, the then to work that Ill. Cent to Holly
i growers gone morn- Holly Sp'gs
}Sp'gs, K.-C, M. & B. to Birmingham -
.
.....':,. commissioner of agriculture, W. G. ing picking their fruit, millions of dol- Iloute.New Son R'y to Ever-

LeDuc, established a government tea lars' worth might have been saved, and ette and the F. C. & P.Louis'ille .
& Nash'ille to River
farm near Summerfield, S. C., hopingto thousands of people now almost bank Orleans Junction. F. C. & P. only

make the culture of tea in the rupt would be getting big prices for To }route with through sleepersJackso'vilie
between' New Orleans and
construction it will be seen how thor- South a permanent industry. Some their oranges. This is the opinion ofa Jacksonville.The .
he the. whole field of invention .
onghly covers F. C. & P. has 700 miles of track In
had but the
experimentwas
success was who the before
man was on ground ,
,and how qualified he is to build Florida running through the
machines .embodying every feature of abandoned as useless by his successor and after the freeze. Watch the sig- Tobacco Meg 10 ns,
value. Neither words Geo. B. Loring. In 1888 nals i Stock farming and Dairy Section,
proved nor figures Peac/t and Strawberry Lands,
I
convey so adequate an idea of his success says a respondent of the New. The trouble was through some faultof Orange, Banana and Pineapple Country,

.as does the new six-story Excelsior incu- York Times: Dr. Charles N. Shep the service .the Phosphate Belt. and I
telegraph ; warningssent Has the Silver Spring
bator which is the and
.factory, largest Other fine
herd, a distinguished chemist, bought from Washington not Scenery.
most completely equipped factory of its were re The Great Hunting Country.
kind in the world, and is the hand- part of the Newington plantation on ceived. Reaches the Noted fishing Grounds.
somest in all its appointments of any which the tea farm was situated and Has the best lands for tillage, greatest vari-
ety of soils in the State, and above all
manufacturing plant in Quincy, 111., that began experiments, more particularlyto Mrs. Field of Baltimore, i is having Runs over the Central Rldgeland

great manufacturing center. A look see whether the high-grade teas, land cleared for an orange grove on Where It Is High and Healthy.
through this interesting plant in company Prosperous towns fill its route and It offers
with :Mr. Stahl impresses one not seldom brought to this country, couldbe Lake Keuka. A wind-break of cedar the best freight facilities for any produce to

only with its size and capacity but. with successfully cultivated. Some of has been planted around the land andit the song-Northern markets. Send for the popular

the convenience and the presence of these teas are worth $20 a pound, and will be set with the purest citrus "MY FLORIDA HOME"-

every modern aid to facility of work and never cross'' the ocean. It is impracti-- fruits. If not obtainable in Florida, with its spirited words and beautiful music
economy of effort. The handsome cata- descriptive of an actual Florida Home, and
cable to with low or medium will be imported.-Item in
logue explains it all with clearness not compete they which is gotten up in elegant style-Six pagesof
,often seen noting the improvement grades of Oriental teas on account of I' Times-Union. full sized best music paper,containing alsoa
great
of home in Florida and
picture a a hunting
in the brass tank the difference in cost of cultivation. I .
wrought substituting scene. It Is mailed on receipt of 10 cents (in
and heater for galvanized-iron tank and From imported seed, Dr. ,Shepherdhas Ten thousand scions from Califor- stamps, to pay expense of distribution.)
Send also for the best of Florida(sen
copper boiler, and the adoption of the in the last two years produced nia orange trees: have been orderedfor free) and note the towns on map its route.
unique double regulator which regulates in the Stetson A.O.MAODONELL.G.P.A .
black and teas which have sold grafting purposes
green Jacksonville Fla.
the lamp flame and also acts on the valve ,
over the boiler flue at the same time, in nearby markets at $1.25 to $1.50 a groves at DeLand. -

thus affording very delicate and positive pound. He hopes this season to pro- The Fla Cent. & Peninsular R. R.

control of the temperature in the egg- duce 1,000 pounds. He is also experimenting wu L. Offers to Shippers _
chamber. This is the vital point in arti- DOUCL.AS
with native gulf plants
The Shortest and Quickest Route
ficial incubation and the double
regulator -
IS THE BEST.
which while in local use have C3
never SHOE
seems to solve tho problem com FIT FOR A KING.CORDOVAN BETWEEN

pletely. The best evidence of _the success been utilized for commercial: purposes.By :.:i,1.. $5. FLORIDA AND ALL POINTS IN
of the Model Excelsior and the,busi- using special fertilizers'on some of J/f"/!! '.> FRENCH&tNAMELLED: THE EAST AND WEST.

ness character of its manufacture is found the tea the first '1i\\\1(('" \Jlil::4.$3.P[ CALF&KANGAROU
plants
government \\\; :\,..,..;,. With Improved Ventilated Cars, this com
in its sales. ,\\\\ [;: $350 is than ,
enormous better to
Shepherd' produced a tea ,,;;; \ POLICE,3 SOLES.J equipped ever ever
year, pro- \1\\1.\ handle
._ __ 1 ., tho Orange and Vegetable Crops, and
-*- nounced by London tea tasters to be \\;"'; ,:(... i .USO.. $2. WORKINGMEN's Insure close connections and prompt despatchto
Farmer's Guide. :{".. ...' i'p. all Easteru and Western Markets.
,
worth cents than '
75 more per pound
Through oars to destination with
This is the title of book of 132 ,. I S2.l7sBOYS'SCHOOLSHOEiJLADIES :
a pages the same tea grown alongside without .
: ., out change or delay.
; : -
,
issued the German Kali Works 03 .
by fertilizing.-Country; Gentleman. 'k. '....:. ; Perishable freight followed_ by wire. and
Nassau street, New York. It is a valua- ..."..::,"<:.:.,,,..:,.: 3.y2gas2eest0NG0' L shippers advised time passing various Juno-
ble pocket memorandum for the farmer, .. ,' : l\. tion points and arrival at destination.All .
')SEND FOR CATALOGUEHROCKTOCrMA9S claims for overcharges and loss prompt-
by no means confined to potash, but But the scheme of Mr.. Uzzell's new "W'Lo'COUGLAS_ adjusted.
showing by practical example, the action See that your goods are markedvia
doctrine is "the for rice
Everglades Over
One Million
People the
and value of lime wear i
green manures, phosphoric F. C. & P. R. R.
acid, barnyard manures, etc. .Along and there he struck it, for rice, is corning -, W. L. Douglas $3 & $4 Shoes : For Information call on or address the undersigned -

list-of ordinary farm and fruit crops to the front as a South Florida All our shoes are equally satisfactory :
I 0. E. TAYLOR Trav..A'gt. Ocala, Fla.
is given with sensible, practical directions product, and the Everglade section is They give the best value for the money. W. B. TUCKER, Gen. A' 't. Orlando, Fla.G. .
for the cultivation of each. There I the place where it will to the They equal custom shoes In style and fit. M. HOLDEN, Trav. A'gt, Leesburg Fla.
is an index which facilitates reference to grow Their wearing qualities are unsurpassed. W. it. FULLER Trav. A'g't, \
greatest perfection and profit.Tropical The prices are uniform,...stamped on sole. Or N. S. PENNINGTON Traffic Manager,
It is sent free of and
any crop. charge, Prom $i to $3 saved over other makes. Jacksonville,Fla.
is well worth writing for. Sun. If your dealer cannot supply you we can. W, H. PLEAS ANTS, General Freight Ag




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THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRtJIT-aROWER. 189 ij;', '



Continued from page 183. most annoying part of the whole busi READS READU READUl r

ing under the perches of a quart or ness. Usually a little careful drivingwill -WRITE TO THE -

two. ,It may help to preserve,the am. cause her to again enter the bar- j
monia. rel, but should she escape to the

We have been told by parties that woods, follow and bring her back at L B. Darling Fertilizer Co. !

have tried it that the compost men once. In the meantime place a ::

tioned above for casava, would make folded piece of heated flannel over ,I ,

cabbage get there, and give them the the eggs to keep them warm. Keep JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA, "; i

big head to beat all creation. the opening partly closed at all timesto
If In need of Fertilizer Fertilizer Material and their i. r
Another claims that the droppings exclude vermin and animals. Disturb you are any or get
party
Special Low Prices for Cash with Order. i
about pay the grain bill (?) I the younger turkeys as little as ;

rather a startling' supposition at the possible. Remove shells, especiallyany : of r" C :n.JISS: ... ;; I

price of grain in Florida. lodged over chicks or eggs. This opportunity of a lifetime to obtain Fertilizers at about cost to the manufacturer.Office i

Can't the old egg man give us a Should the eggs be slow in hatching, and Warehouse Rear'of 26 West Bay St., on river front, midway bet. Main and Laura Stt. I II' .

few illustrations of the value of hen remove from the nest the earliest Rend for Pocket Memoranda IJook. ; i

manure on vegetable farm ? or any hatched, for fear of being smothered. JOHN L. MARVIN, I

one else ,that has had experience with Cover well and keep near the fire un- President. I

the same. VVe are sure the readers ,. til others are hatched, then return to H. T. BAYA, THOS. W. CONRAD, r
the nest. Remove to when Cashier. Assistant Cashier. :
would appreciate the kindness. The coops CAPITAL $100,000.
three days old. To insure lice
fertilizer question is an important one against

at the present time, and any suggestions thoroughly anoint the body of the '
that could be offered toward cut- mother hen with kerosene, especially I THE MERCHANTS' NATIONAL L BANK

ting down the fertilizer bill would be the under part and, under the wings. ,.

in order and to the point. S. S. D. Put none on the young turkeys, for it JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA, :

_.. will kill them. If large lice appear on
solicits Collections
4. Respectfully your Deposits, and Geneva
.
.
the heads: mix a little kerosene in lard
Natural Incubation for the Turkey.For Banking Business.CORRESPONDENCE .
and apply to the top of the head. .
the successful hatching and
Young turkeys are seldom affected
rearing of turkeys, first see that the INVITED.
with licewhen the
precautionsare
eggs are in the best condition when proper DIREO'J.'ORS.:
taken with the mother hen at the
placed under the hen. To insure their John L. Marvin, A. B. Campbell Chas. Marvin, J
When right lime. H.,.T. Baya, T. W. Roby, Judge R. B. Archibald,
safety gather daily. a turkeyhen
The coops may be open, four or,five Judge E. M. !Handall.Or" C. B. Ro rors. W. M. Davidson, .
becomes she
broody, as generallywill feet square, and the roof water tight. H. Robinson John E. Hartrldffe
after laying twelve or fourteen
do not allow to be under Dampness will cause gapes, which is
eggs eggs hard to cure. Place the slats far SAVINGS AND TRUST BANK
her over night, for the chances are
enough that the little turkeys
will fail to hatch laid apart
they as they are
may run in and out at pleasure. In OF FLORIDA.,
in the fore part of the day. Handle
warm will in bunches
days they gather
JACKSONVILLE.
and in lined
carefully keep a softly
at'' the side of the and
sunny coop CAPITAL $50,000.
box, where it is cool but above freez- .
seem to enjoy the sunshine. Should
ing point. I have not found it nec- danger threaten a few warning notes H. ROBINSON, President. W. J. ARKISHEIMEll,Vice-Pres. .
.nessary to turn eggs daily, as some Wilt 1tAWLINSON, Cashier, .
from the mother will soon bring them
raisers advocate and have
turkey ,
inside.American Agriculturist.
,hatched a chick from every egg placed_ DIRECTORS :

under the hen when undisturbed and H. ROBINSON, J. HILDEBRANDT, P. E. McMURRAY,
I'', W.J. HARKISHEIMER, PHILIP WALTER c R. H. LIGGETT,
properly handled. Set as soon as CATTLE AND HOGS'FOR SALE. J. A. HENDERSON, C. C. ROBERTSON, W. B. OW: N.' '
have been laid will
enough ; turkeys Collections made on all points of Florlda.and,Remitted for on day 6f Pay-
generally sit after their first period of ment.. Active and Savings Accounts Solicited. Interest Paid on f
laying. Set two or more at one time, Full blooded Savings. t

: as trouble and care is reduced to a DEVON CATTLE '

.:.i: minimum; the turkeys will be of the ,
and crosses on registered, Jerseys and Holsteins. FLORIDA FRUIT ExoAwoE :
.I I same age and size, and earliness in
.
: hatching is of great importance. The .

difference in weight at selling time An Incorporated Homo Association of Orange Growers for marketing Florida Fruit to the
more than compensates for the extra PURE BLACK ESSEX PIGS best advantage.-AUTHORIZED CAPITAL $300 000.
BOX MATERIAL-The Exchange i is fully prepared to supply boxes and paper on
work of early hatching. order. Write for price list and terms.
good-sized bird will cover twenty- Best breeds for the South -: OFFICERS :-
GEO. R. FAIRBANKS President. D. GREENLEAF Vice-President.
j one eggs. Flour barrels laid lengthwise Reasonable prices and low freights. ALBERT M. IVES Gen'l! Mgr. and Trens. M. 1). TURNER Secretary.. '
in cool safe shady place and DIRECTORS-Geo. 'it. Fairbanks, Alachua Co.; E.G. Hill, BradfordZo.; Dr. E. E. Pratt
I a : H1llsboro Co.: John Fabyan Lake Co.; By Crutche Orange. Va.; D. Greculeaf, Dm.al Co.;
filled about a quarter full with clean J. D. Mead, Duval Co.; A. Brady, Drovard co.F.. d. Co. ; C. V. H1llyor,
Marion uo.; John M. Bryan, usceoui Co.; W. i1" Stanton, Putnam Co.; M. S.loroman St.
I, straw, well pressed down by the bird, ROSELAND PLANTATION, Johns Co.; C. F. A. Blolby Volusia Co.; Irving Keck, Polk Co.
I make typical nests. Elevate the open 3-23-4 Bainbridge, Ga. Address:all correspondence to the Florida Fruit! application Fla. Stencils. ,
with full )packing and shipping instructions furnished on .
end slightly and place a board a foot

wide in front. See that the barrel is JOHN CLARK SON & CO
FbOKIDA REAL ESTATE
fastened securely, that it may not rock. .

When turkey and eggs are safely in

the nest, place a board to partiallycover Wanted. in Exchange beredMAAITHUETT5 for Unencum Grocers and Commission Merchants

the opening and against it roll a

heavy stone. Before placing the hen EOTTABE LOTS DEALERS; IN

on the nest partly clip her'tail feathers, '
Coal, Hay, Grain, Wines, Liquors, ';
)
as the hen can then turn more easily at $100 Each. of.'' '
in the barrel. She will soon settle Cigars, Tobacco, Etc. : .," ; ,.

down well'pleased.,'with her large nest I' '"f'

full of eggs. If wild and restless, puta Near Station and Bathing Beach a>aolrson'tri11e, E'lo1.ida.. .

few chicken eggs until accustomed .- .'
to the nest. PRICE-LISTOF WHISKIES:

While hatching do not disturb her CHAPIN FARM AGENCY, MANONGAHEI/A RYE;............. II,.....$1 50 CABINET BOURBON... .............. ..'f6'oo
3-23-tf St. Augustine, Fla. PARKER..... ............ ..'--,. ........,.. 175 J.MARTINRYE: : .... .......... ................ 300
the first two days ; a turkey hen eats ORANGE VALLIY.a..r... ..... 2 00 VIRGINIA GLADES............... .......... 4 00
j little while hatching. It is use- SPRINGVALLEY........ ...r ...a....... 250 OLD BOURBON................... ....0' 5 ooKUNTUCKYSOUR
very BALTIMORE CORN......... ..,........... :a. oo :MASH................ 500
less to put food and drink inside the WOVEN WIRE NORTH CAROLINA CORN.. ....i....... '2 50 OLD BAKER........ ...................... 5 oo
barrel, for she will not touch them. pig high chicken bull tgm CLIFTON CLUB... ...... ........0..3 00 MON PROSE VELVET RYE................ 6 oo

j After two days remove the board and Make It JUGS EXTRA: One gallon 250; two gallon, 500; three gallon; 75C. Remit by post-office
.13to20 money order, check or registered letter. We cannot ship C. O. D. Remit with order.;
she will exercise, but must be watched 50 styles. A man and oycanmakeauto A complete price-list of Groceries, and '/Vine List, sent free on application,
Naturally she will return to 60 \
closely. RIdgevfleoglnd.
KITSELMAN egOSos.. '
JOHN CLARK SON & CO.
her old nest, and this point is the ; ,

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i 190 THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.



\ The Growing of Sugar Cane by anism and scientific methods, have OENT-A- 'FORD" COLUMN.To .

Small Farmers. stirred the whole tropical sugar H .
up LeaveDoubtful Insure Insertion in this column, advertise
. In these later days science has taken world to better work, ,so the western ments must be accompanied by the money.
: hold of the sugar industry and glucose works by producing their colorless 1 Seeds alone. The best Advertisements must not exceed fifty words.
are easy to get, and cost no Postage Stamps received in payment.
solved many of its ,problems, and we tasteless and yet salable pro- more. Ask your dealer for ._Count every word... .. ,including. name and address.

..;' find that what sugar cane needs most duct have revolutionized the syrup FERRY'SSEEDS DAIRYMAN u. WANTED -Wanted a Northern A.
we have in ample supply all over Lou- business, and the little producer who and Dairyman who has had ex-
in the South machine
isiana, and these chief requirementsare had two hundred gallons to sell, found and perience make pea vine hay.;can use Moderate a mowing wages and

warmth and moisture. his market gone and his perishable good prospects. Address, enclosing testimonials
STOCK FARM, Bainhridye, Ga 3-23-3
It would seem the part of good agriculture goods soon spoilt and lost. Always everywhere.the Ferry's best. Known Seed ATTENTION, Cabinet Makers 1 1200' Orange

to avail of every natural ad- All this has paved the way for improvement Annual for 1895 tells you for sale by M. Chesebro, Plum-
"what..how,and when to plant. i mers, Fla._ 3-23-1
and known to the and the farmer who has "
vantage, no crop Sent Free. Get It. AddressD. EGGS FOR HATCHING from imported-t 1' r.
planters of Louisiana, does this more had his little field of sugar cane, has M. FERRY & CO., Bronze Turkeys; one dollar for set-
Detroit, Mich. ting of nine eggs, Send money with order. No
completely than sugar cane. felt that he must reduce the culture to charge for packing and delivering to Express

If then the problem of successful his family needs, or produce a less Agent here. Address II Erwin, Pomona, Fla.

manufacture be solved we article produce a more 3-23-10
sugar can perishable or CASSAVA SEED CANE only $1.25 per hundred
shall have for our agriculturists a field salable article. He knows by experience seed was not injured by the cold,
and is first class. Now is the time to it.
crop better adapted to their wants that he has made sugar when he A BARGAIN.High Send along your order,accompanied by plant the cash,
than almost any other. did not want to do so. His inquirynow and it will be promptly filled, Address II. Er-
win, Pomona, Fla. 3-23-4
The object of this paper is to show is as to how he can produce salable healthy locatIon, eighty feet above sur-
rounding lakes. No swamps within miles, Y\ SEED CANE. $1.25 100 feet.
that the manufacture of sugar may be i. sugar with any certainty. mile from railroad station. Seven room bunga- CASSAVA. Power, Lawtey, Fla. per

J successfully carried on in a small way. The conditions that have made completely low house, carpeted plastered and and furnished papered ;throughout 249 feet of; WANTED TO EXCHANGE. Twenty acres o

t Let.,us once learn just what we want sugar when it was not wanted, will if piazza; three open fire places, good piano, windmill Land for a sruall place on the
Halifax River. T. K. Godbey, Waldo, Fla.
? and shall have, the_ well r1pfin1tplv determined and water throughout house and yard. Bathroom
.
. we.. way Dre.n properly in
---- ------ -- -- -- --- 1.--- '-A "'U'.J Brick and cement cistern. Five lakes FOR SALE-California Orange Trees of all
t pared to supply the want. During re applied, 'produce sugar when it is sight of front door. Ttnement house for help. for this season's planting. Cheap for
Two ponies, cow, Goodrich combination buck- cash. Address, A. B. Reuss care of Col. Phil-
cent years the Louisiana Bureau of wanted, and it has been the recent board, wagon, harness' agricultural implements J ips, Gainesville, Fla. 3-16-2
" much attentionto etc. Four acres 12 year old orange trees, I%
Agriculture has given work of the experiment station at Calhoun exchange acre farm in
350
acres 6:year old trees. i acre 2 year old trees. WANTED-To
cane culture and sugar manufacture to elaborate these methods.At 26 acres of land. Price $3,500. Improvementsand ., Fla for an orange grove.
Address, W. L. Thomas, Valdosta, Ga. 3-16-4
furniture cost!; $5.000, without groves or
and the three experiment stations the annual meeting of this soci-
land. Address until April ift, Orange and Lemon Trees and Bud-
located at Audubon Park, Baton i iI ety held one year ago at Arcadia, S. A CUNNINGHAM,. CHOICE for sale. Address, I. H. Cammack,
.
I Rouge and Calhoun have done much Capt. John M. White, president of Altoona, Lake Co., Fla. Whittier, California. 3-i6-tf..

good in this direction. The recent the North Louisiana Agricultural So- $150.00 ASH,will buy 20 acres number
one strawberry land with a two-
f experiments at the Calhoun station in ciety, presented a sample of sugar THE TROPICAL TRUNK LINE, room cottage in St.Thomas, Fla., for an actual

; growing sugar cane on our poorer hill that he had made with a.sugar house settltr.,S. Mills.EGGS This. offer open for a short time only.J .

j lands and successfully manufacturingthose outfit that cost him $215. The sugar JACKSONVILLE,'FLORIDA.FLORIDA.
FOR HATCHING, of fifteen varieties.
! canes into sugar are but the be- was very handsome and salable, of Albert Fries, St. Nicholas. 3-23-3

;t ginning of an enormous development bright open-kettle style and excellentfor LEGHORNS! LANGSHANSI! MINOR ASI!
; in cane culture in sections of our State immediate consumption. La. stock for sale cheap. Agent for \s
Smith & Romaine's boiled beef and bone, $2.25 1 I
I not hitherto much accustomed to it. Planter.As per loo lbs. Island Poultry Yard, 0. H. Jacques,

: All along the gulf coast the cultiva to varieties to plant.Prof. Stubbs, LANDS Prop., Fernandina, Fla.

: tion of fields of ,sugar cane has been of the Louisiana Experiment station '; BUDwooD-parson. Early Maltese Brown Straight, ten dollars and Hart'sTardiff per

1.;.:,. common for many years, and far up 'says: There are two varieties of cane ;*.*:i Oranges and Lisbon Lemons seven fifty
)": : -'I" per thousand. Address J. W. Waite, P. O. Box
the interior of Alabama th '
In Mississippi '
generally planted throughout ORANGES 8cg, San Diego, California. 3-2-4
Georgia and Texas such fields are South, viz: Purple>>r violet cane, TO MAKE HENS LAY-There is nothing like (
t found. The owners of these little and the red ribbon or striped cane. Bowker's Animal Meal. 40 tons sold in Flor-.
ida last Hundreds testimonials. For I
cane fields: have long since found that. Both are superior canes. The green RESORTS. particulars year., write E. W. Amsden, Ormond, Fla.

the tropical sugar cane was their best cane, sometimes found in the'hills, is io-i3-tf

plant for syrup production. All efforts unworthy of extensive cultivation. Of BROWN of LEGHORN the best.EGGS$1 for for 13.HATCHING.R. Puddy,

have been made in the directionof the: seventy-six foreign varieties now INVESTMENTS Lawtey, Fla. Barred Plymouth Rock eggs for

syrup production,and to avoid su i introduced at this station, one seems hatching. 1-5-20 .

gar. It was found that the too high pre-eminently adapted to higher latitudes LIGHT BRAHMA, D. B. Plymouth Rock and
Turkey Eggs for hatching, gi.oo doz-
concentration of the cane juice gave : on account of its extreme hardi- DEVELOPMENTSATTRACTIONS en to suit the times. C. Gomperts, Lady Lake,

syrup that soon crystalized into an un- ness. It grows and thrives without' Florida. 2 2-16

manageable semi-liquid mass, and much attention, rattoons and stools Agent's profits per month. Will
prove it or pay forfeit. New Ar-
hence cane' syrup was made light and well, and withstands considerablecold. S 5 2 5 ticles just out. A $1.50 sampleand
terms free. Try us CHIDESTER -
liable to fermen- It is trial in Kansas
was necessarily very now on & SON, 28 Bond St., N. Y.
tation. This fact prevented the in- and North Louisiana. It i is, however, ADDRESS, '

crease of the business, producerof a hard cane and has not 'so high a rPILGHMAN'S CONDITION POWDERS FOR
every G. D. .A.CI:ER: IsGen. ?- *> All Stock-Guaranted to make them eat and
syrup being limited by the capacityof sugar content as the purple or ribbon grow fdt. Sample package by mail, thirtyfivecents.

his local market'to take what little cane. It is also difficult to clean it : : pa.ssel:1ger: : Ag1 W. G. Tilghman, Palatka, Fla. 1-26-10/) '',

surplus he made over the needs of his for the mill. But its merits recom- FOR SALE-Bronze turkeys, Black Langshans :

own family. mend it to all those, who live outsideof Game fowl. Langshan, Game and

The manufacture of tropical cane the true sugar'cane belt. This cane PURE ESSEX PIGS.Best Pekin Mann, Mannville duck eegs, Fla.for hatching. Mrs. 12-1-12 W. H.

into in this has reached is called the Japanese or Zwinga andis
syrup way ,
FOR SALE:for cash,time or trade,orange groves,
proportions far beyond what most a white cane of good length, but for the South. Bred on the Florida}bor and timber lands. E. RUMLEY, Keuka,

any of us have dreamed of. Thous- small in diameter. der. Address, Fla. 3-ii-i6t

ands and thousands of little cane mills ROSELAND PLANTATION, FOR EXCHANGE-Summer and winter hotel
North Carolina mountains. Owner must
costing less than two hundred dollars It is alleged by Detroit papers that Bainbridge, Ga. live in Florida. Wants good orange grove. ,W.

have circulated through the country, the apple industry Western Michi- B. Clarkson, Jacksonville, Fla. g-is-ti

converting small fields of cane into which ANEW deal on wire netting. Prices cut in
gan, formerly yielded some We pay freight. Write for our latest
syrup, the total value of which has $4,000,000 annually to the farmers of price-list. E. W Amsden, Ormond,.Fla. tf

reached many hundreds of thousandsof that: section, has been nearly destroyed I'' THE LAKELAND NURSERIES-Have for sale
dollars.As 127 ooo citrus trees on sour orange grape-fruit
by the codlin moth. But the codlin and rough lemon roots, of the following varieties:
a rule all manufacturers are moth may be suppressed in Michigan\ t Marsh :Seedless Pomelo, Thompson Pomelo, Au.
rantium Pomelo, Boone's Early, Parson Brown,
into better work the s'1
forced by competition if the farmers and fruit growers tA Hart's Tardiff, Dancy Taugerine,Satsuma,Kum-
of rival produce, and to this would energetically address themselvesto GREAT EDUCATOR.In quat, King and Maltese Blood Orange, and Villa
the farmer had little Franca and Belair Premium Lemon. Tahiti Seedless -
rule the little cane mills, handling the the task.. Why don't they do it?- use for old science rail-fence,simply times,the "wedge" to split, Limes A specialty of the Marsh Seedless
canes from thousands of little fields California 1'\,. Grower and the "worm' to support the rails. With Grape-fruit. C, M. Marsh, Lakeland, Polk Co.,
; Fla.
the and the'gl11f no knowledge of EXPANSION and CON I'17.2o'I
coast I
along gulf through .
t 4 TRACTION, he at first made a failure with '
states form no exception. The Orange trees are in full bloom on wire. Inventors tried to help him with XI7ANTED-5000 one-year Citrus Trifoliata. ..-
Give size and lowest Arcadia Nurse-
price.
ratchets, end springs, etc., but It remained
advent' 'of starch syrup or glucose Merritt's island, opp
made from corn and sulphuric acid < .... i.... remedy. Continuous COILED SPUING )
are always at band when wanted, and give TREES.-Fine stock; none better:low
has revolutionized the trade in liquid Within two weeks 75,000 acres of us the strongest, most efficient and most prices, and square treatment No "back

sweets. As the beet sugar manufacturers Columbia county lands hav:,:, changed can durable talk fence science made."like a The book.farmer" using it I I years numbers"experience.offered.Phoenix Write for Nurseries prices., Thirteen Braiden-

of Europe, improved. m ch. owner \\ PAGE WOVEN FENCE WIRE CO.,Adrian Mich. town, Fla. n $-1tl


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THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. 191
!1

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SAVANNAH LINETO The Clyde Steamship Co. ''I



NEW YORK, BOSTON AND PHILADELPHIA, NEW YORK, GHiB! OTlI HMD FltDIIIDIlIdllES. .1 j


48 to 55 hours between Savannah, New York and Philadelphia, and

The magnificent Steamships'of this Line are appointed i( j

65 to 70 hours between Savannah and Boston. to sail as follows, calling at Charleston, S. C., : I

Both ways : i

(STANDARD TIME.) ,
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OCEAN STEAMSHIP COMPANY. From New York. .. From Jaeksonrill, j
(Pier 29, E. R.) STEAMER Florida. i

,. ........."ALGONQUIN".Sunday,. Mar 3d at 8.3oam -1! I
-I. ........."b MINOLE" .........Tuesday, 5th, at 11:00: a m r
.. C?. 1\:1: :. SORREL: l\to.X1a.:: : er. Friday, March rat, at 3 p .", 1ROQUOIS". ........Thursday, 7th, at 1'3o'pm I !I
r t Tuesday, 5that3.. Sunday, loth, at '4:3oam: : l
Friday, ." 8thnt3pm..ALGONQUIN".1'hursday. 14th, at 7:00am:
Monday. U nth, at 3 pm..... ."SKMINOiK";.... ....Sunday, 17thatlo.00'am I.I
4 Wednesday, 13th, at 3 p m.... ...... "IROQUOIS". ........Tuesday, 19th, at 12.00; n'n j
Friday, I5th, atspm........ "ClIEkOKEK" ...... ..Thursday, U 21st, at 1:30: p m !
." Tuesday, I9th, at3 pm."AI.GONQUIN".Sunday, 24th at 4:00: a m I
Til."* 'iwSISS'S'jrsaa'Wfei' .. I
> Friday, 22d, at 3 p m.... .... "SKMINOUi" .. ......Thursday, II 28that 5:33am: I
I 4F,., ;.. Monday, 25th, atspm.. .... ." "IROQUOIS" ........Sunday, 31St at 7:30: a! '
fl : :p r?t :-.4t-= r .-+.a, a n uk4 G 5!., pI F1R lllsfeillS kr= ik.r Wednesday, .", 27th, at 3 p m........ "CIIIRUKKB"........Tuesday, April "adat 16:00: a m I
Friday, 29that3pm."ALGONQUIN".Thnrsday, 4th, at 12:30: pm
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Philadelphia and Jacksonville Line. I '

Weekly service between Jacksonville and Philadelphia, calling at Charleston, S. C., south :
bound.: The fast freight Steamships "Delaware" and "Winyah" are appointed to sail .as follows ,t

From Philadelphia: STEAMSHIPS: Fron :Jacksonville Direct : :

Saturday, February: 28th.. .......... .......ONKIDA; ... .... ........ ...Friday, March 1st ;
Saturday, March 21!.......... .. ..... .BOWDKN....... .. ..... Friday, March 8th
Saturday, March gth.. .......'. '. ....ONIJIDA........... .......Friday, March 15th :
Saturday, March 16th..BO\VDl N. .. ....... ...... Friday, March aad ,
Saturday, March 23d.... .............. ONEIDA.......... .... .....Friday, :1| Marchl9th: :

Pa..a.Ke Ra.1e. s
QUICK DISPATCH AND PERFECT VENTILATION FOR j
Between'Jacksonville and New York: First-class, $25.00 ; Intermediate, $19.00; Excursion, 843.30;
Steerage, $12.50. FRUITS AND VEGETABLES.

,Jacksonville and Boston or Philadelphia : Cabin, $27.00; Intermediate, $21.00; Excursion, $47.30 ; \..
Steerage, $I4.2y. The magnificent Steamships of this Company are appointed to sail as follows: i

FROM SAVANNAH TO NEW YORK. ST. f:HTN: S : .ryi i S. INi ;

(Central or goO Meridian Time.) i--

Tallahassee .... .... .... .... .... .. .......... ..... ........ ....Sunday, March 24, 4.00 a.m. For Sanford Enterprise and Intermediate Points on i
City of Augusta....... ...... .............. .... .......... .... .. ...Tuesday March 26, 5.30 p. m. ,
Kansas City. ... ; ...... ........ .... .......... ........ ..... ....Friday, March\ 29, 7ooa.m. the St.. Johns River. .
\ Nacoochee.... ....... '.n...,.....?................ ... ...... ........ .Sunday, l\Iatch3I, 800a.m.City .
\1 Birmingham..... ,..... .... ... ... ................. ....TuesdayApril 2, 10:30: a. m.
f City of Augusta.... .... ........ .......... ........ .... ... .. ..Friday, April 5, 2.00'p.m. The elegant iron side-wheel steamers
Kansas City .......... ...*.......... .... ... ..... ....'... ............Sunday, April 7, 4.ooa.m. "
Tallahassee................... ...... ......... ........ ... .............Tuesday, April 9, 5.30 p.m. amity of Jacksox:1ville: ',Jt: ..' .
City of Birmingham .. ...... ..... ...... .... ......... ......Friday, April 12, 7.30a. m. W. A. SHAW '? E
City Augusta...... .... ............ .......... ......... ........ ...Sunday, April 14, 9.00a.m. Capt. '
Kansas City.. .... .... .;.. .... .... .... ........ ... ..... ........ ...Tuesday, April 16, n.ooa.m. '(eFR] D'I.c, DeBARY : .:
Tallahassee....... .. ... ..".... .. .. ...' .... ......+... ..... ..Friday, April 19, :a.oop.m.Clry l ,
of Birmingham ....... ...... ... ................ ... .... .Sunday, April 21, 3.ooa.m. Capt. T. W. LUND, Jr. .-
I II City of Augssta .... .::. ........ ...... .... ..... ... ...... ...... .....Tuesday, April 23, 4.3Opm. Are appointed to sail from Jacksonville, daily except Saturday, at '3.30 p. m., 'and from Sanford, I
Kansas City ..... ...... .n.. ..,"..... ........ .... ..... ........!..Friday, April 26, 6.ooa.m. daily except Sunday, at 9 00 a. m' .
Tallahassee........ ...... ...... ..... ...;. ..... .... ........ .... ....Sunday, April 28, 7.ooa.m. I
I City of Birmingham. ... ...... ....... ....!. ..... ....... ....... .......Tuesday, April'30, 9.ooa.m. SOUTHBOUND CIILIULE ,N R'l'HBOUND. I

FROM SAVANNAH TO BOSTON.. Read down. Read up.

City Macon ... ..... .... ...;............... ...... ...........Thursday, March 28, 6.30 p. m. .......... ...... ...... !
.. ... .. .., .. ... ....
Gate'City......... .... .... .... ............. ..... .. ................. ... .Thursday, April! .4, i.oop.m. Leave 44 3'30P. m. .. .... .... .....Jacksonville. .Palatka. ...... ...... ...... ...... Arrive 3.30a. m. .q
City ot1\lacon......... .... .... ... .... .... .... ... ....... ..Thursday, April 11, 6.3op.m. .. 8.45 p. m ............ ...to........ Astor.............. ...... .. Leave.. 9.00 p. m. ,
Gate City........ .... ........ .... ......... .... .... .... ... .. ........ .Thursday, April 18, i.oop.m. .. 3.0"1 a. m.. .......... .... .........St. ................... ..... 3.00 P. m.
CityofMacon......... ............... . ........ .... ....... .. Thursday, April 25, 5.3op.m I 4.30 5.30 a.a. m.m ...... ..... .... ...... Dercslorc.&.rallcls...... ............ ...... 12.00 1.30 p.noon m. f:
Arrive 8.30a. m. ...... . .... ... .... .Sanford'. .............. ... ,
FROM SAVANNAH TO PHILADELPHIA.These .c 9.25 a. n1. .... ........ ........ .... 1uterptise.... ......:. .... .... 9.30 9.ooa.a. m.m.
( Ships do NOT Carry Passengers.)

Ellhu Thompson........ .... .... ........ ..... . ... ........ ...Wed'day, March27, 6.00a.m.
:. .. .. ...... ....,. ...?. ...... .. ..... .... .......... ....Wed'day, April 3, 11.30 a. m. General Passenger and Ticket Office, 204 West Bay St., Jacksonville !
Elihu Thompson...... .............., -..................';. .:. Wed'day, April 10, 6.00 a. m.Deaflloul I
:. ..... .... .... .... .... ........ ...... ...... .,. .............Wed'day, April l 17, 12.00 noon A. J. COLE, Passenger Agent 5 Bowling Green, !'ew York.
Elihu Thompson.... ...... .... .... ............. .... ...... ..... ..Wed'day, April 24, 5.00 p. m. M.11. CLYI)] Assistant Traffic Manager, 5 Bow ing Green, New York. '
D. D. C. MINK:, General Freight! ,: Agent. 12 fOe Delaware avenue, Philadelphia, Pa. t
THESE PALACE STEAMERS TIIISO. G. KGISU, Traffic Manager, 5 Bowling Green, New York.
F. IRONMONGER\ Jr., Florida Passenger Agent, 204 West Bay St., Jacksonville P1a. r
Connect at Savannah with Central Railroad of Georgia Savannah, Florida & Western Railway, JOHN L. HOWARD, Florida Freight Agent, foot Hogan Street, Jacksonville, Fla. '
Florida Central & Peninsular Railroad. J. A. LESLIE, Superintendent, foot Hogan Street, Jacksonville, Fla.'W'M. .
Through Bills of Lading, Tickets, and Baggage Checks to all points North and East. See your
I nearest ticket agent or write for Freight or Passage to P. CLYDE & CO., Gen'l Agents
J. P. BECKWITH, G. F. & P. Agent, New Pier 35 N. R., New York. ,
I R.''I,. WALKER, Agent, C. G. ANDERSON AgentNew 12 South Delaware Avenue, "Philadelphia. I.5 Bowling Green, New York.
: Pier No. 35, North River New York. City Exchange Building, Savannah Ga.
RICHARDSON &J. BARNARD, Agents, Lewis' Wharf, Boston W. A. BOURS. ESTABLISHED 1S75, J. B. BOURB.
W. L AM1tS, Agent, 13 S. Third Street;Philadelphia.
.j W. II. RHETT: Gen'l Agt. C. R. R., 317 Broadway, New York.
]. D. HASHAGEN, Eastern Agent Sav., Fla. &'Western Ry. Co., 261 Broadway, N. Y. WILLIAM\ A. BOURS & CO.
T.L. ADAMS, Gen'l East. Agt. F. C. & P. R. R. A. DeW. SAMPSON General Agent ,
353 Broadway, New York. 306 Washington St., Boston.W. .
T. FARRELL, Soliciting Agent. W. ARNOLD.. Gen. Trav. Pass. Agt., -
WALTER: HAWKINS, Fla. Pass. Agent, Grain Garden Seeds and Fertilizers

New Office, 224 West Bay Street, Jacksonville. ,

300 Acres In Nursery. One Acre Under Class. Thirty-Seventh Year. 39 "'V "sS'X' FLAY ST., JA.CnSONVI:: z"E, X LvA. I

SPECIAI./rIES : We Handle Only the Best and :Most Reliable Seeds. A Oomple Stock of


Specially adapted to Florida and sub-tropical Corn Oats Flour Bran Wheat Grits
FRUIT TREES, Peach, .Plums and Pears, Japan Persimmons Hay, Meal, i
Rare Conifers and :Broad-leavedEvergreens, Camel.
Strawberries, Guavas Giant Loquat, etc" etc.
has Azaleas, 50,000 Palms, 20,000 Camphor Trees, Hedge Plants, Open Ground Grown Roses. The. Cotton Seed Meal' Both Bright and Dark.
Green House Department is complete in plants of every class suited to Southern Horticulture. Catalogues
free. Address p. J. BERCKMANS, Fruitland Nurseries, Augusta, Ga.
No Agents. STATE AGENTS FOR
PURE GROUND BONE 1
s.eee s.eee o ee=Qa QOCOaG .CQ QOeS 0gm0.aa..oee
Our farmer" friends, you know you greatly lessen your risks .G Tygeri-Jllen Fertilizer Co. NITRATE SODA
when you buy Seed directly from the srower.We rnlseSeeds of jML !
0 m e the earl lest Bweet Corn,the earllettnnd best Pole and Bush Beans, <
,' the host earliest! and best late market Beets, the best Cucumbers,, Star Brand Fertilizers = ,r MURIATE OF POTASH :
the best of the earliest and latest Drumhead Cabbage, the earliest I ,
of all the Wrinkledthe best Dwarf and decidedly the best GUARANTIED ANALYSIS. fi a + ;
I G r 0 wn: of the Marrow fats, the best early and late Squashes, the best market r- SULPHATE POTASH, ,
j Carrot the earliest Heel and the very !best,of nil the YellowS C9 I
Onions. We offer these and numerous other varieties, Including Orange Tree and Vegetable jp \
several valuable new Vegetables, In our Vegetable and Flower I KAINIT, Etc i
d deed Catalogue for 1605. Bent free. FERTILIZER.
ee
0 J. J. II. GREGORY &; SON, I Marblchead, ]Inss._.. Thee, Fertilizers have superior. In the market, and a trial will convince, I
.q............. ....8C. .S..Q..e8 e.Sea....... ...... BenU for Catalogue free.a !I II


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:! .t 192 THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER..
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,I "'f.',., WATERMELONS '1,



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I ii;I Iii r rI How to Grow Watermeloos for Large Profits



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4 Is a treatise on melon culture recently issued by the Paine Fertilizer Company, who have,during the past six or seven years,made the fertilization and sale of the melon crop a SPECIAL
,I STUDY believing and finally proving that this crop is not only the MOST PROFITABLE crop grown in Florida,but also a CERTAIN CROP,if planted and fertilized according to the directions givenin
the above pamphlet which will be sent FREE! upon application.
;i ', Our Company are the only manufacturers of High-Grade Crop Formulas,who have carefully studied the requirements of many of our principal and best-paying crops, especially the Watermelon -
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i Write Us for Full Information Showing How to Plant for Market on a Large Scale.
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I ; REMEMBER that our specialty for years has been the growing and selling of melons for large profits. Our watermelon brands are known and used throughout' the,watermelon
G" sections. No other company has ever manufactured special brands for this crop. .-
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',.' BEWARE of those imitating our formulas or copying our instructions-the use,of their fertilizers can only me.PARTIAL SUCCESS. and often TOTAL FAILURE. :,

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t COMMENCE PLANTING NOW and continue,as we direct every ten days until last of March. Write for full particulars. NOW is an opportunity to recoup ;
losses from other
your crops. I
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BEAR IN MIND that New York City alone could have used all the fine early melons grown in Florida last year therefore if we increased the Florida acreage tenfold or more
there is plenty of marketing room and the acreage is HARDLY DOUBLED this: year much of it being poorly fertilized, which will only produce inferior melons
I, that will reach market too late to secure the handsome. profits obtained by those who carry out our advice to the letter. The variety of melon planted by our customers is growing in favor and
the demand is increasing each year.
I I Our Company,with its house at New York and connections at Boston and Phitadelr.hia. command the principal distiibuting points in the Northeast,where the 'highest prices are always
" paid for fine melons. Should the quantity of early melons grown in this State ,'have arrangements at Cincinnati and Chicago to distribute them through the West. We already I
II i have control of the bulk of the early crop-let us handle yours,and it will reduce competition on sales,thus enabling us to hold up the market to the HIGHEST POSSIBLE PRICES i
II In the future our New York house will handle the fruit and vegetable crops of any planters in Florida; i ia order to secure for them the highest market prices,full and prompt returns, mak- I
p ing It an Inducement for them to purchase our Special Formulas in large quantities so as to plant on a more extensive scale. Write: for stencil. I
.f,!, --, 1 1t i
I

t THE ORMNGB CROP NEXT YEAR t

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will bring the highest prices. per box ever known. GET and FOLLOW our Instructions and you will not only have a good crop of fine fruit next winter,but you will save your trees, hurt by the December
\\l i and February freezes,,from two or three years: set back. Full directions will be given upon application. I


r 'GROW CROPS POP LARGE PROFITS I I'I I'



Pj Stop Fertilizing for Display I! It is FRUIT you Want,


:' Fine, Bright, Thin-skinned, Juicy Oranges in LARGE


QUANTITIES that bring High Prices in Market.The .



"PROFITS planting come from Increased Yields of Finer Vegetables, which can only be obtained by the use of High Grade Crop Formulas

adapted to your soils and crops. How long is it going to take you to find out, that you can treble 'and quadruple your NET PROFITS by using our
High-Grade Mixtures AS WE DIRECT ?

Many have been so encouraged by PROFITABLE YIELDS from the use of our Formulas, while previously they had barely made expenses, that '
they have increased their acreage each season until now they derive VERY LARGE INCOMES from their crops. Do you want proof of this assertion? then I
write us,and we will give it; or try a few acres with our brands and prove it for yourself.;
'. Our' experience in handling the fruit and vegetable crops in New York for many of our customers and their friends has shown us that buyers at j
that'point examine each purchase with a very critical eye, they will pay HIGH PRICES for fine stuff and but very little for that which is ordinary. Write us I
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for our pamphlets and advice of how to grow crops for 'LARGE PROFITS, also, how to fertilize trees on different soils for INCREASED YIELDS of FINER ;

FRUIT. I i
Do you know that the application of light ammoniates, such as Cotton Seed Meal, Blood and Bone, etc., etc., are the MOST INJURIOUS ARTICLESyou i ,,1
can put on your grove ? They give a splendid growth of wood and foliage, but acting only as STIMULANTS. they DESTROY THE FRUIT PRODUCING
PROPERTIES of tree and plant. I
,. v,: A Ton of our carefully-prepared Formulas, applied as we advise, is worth, in the long run, a carload of these ammoniates improperly applied and I

being IMPROPERLY PROPORTIONED with potash, phosphoric acid, magnesia, etc., etc. I
You are growing FRUIT, not FOLIAGE, for sale, VEGETABLES, not VINES, therefore you must avoid all RANK GROWTH. It is I
STEADY, STRONG and HEALTHY GROWTH that developes the FRUIT-PRODUCING PROPERTIES of the plant and puts money into your

pocket.., Write us for all information on agricultural matters, to ,.
: :' T1O and "712 East Bay St. Jacksonville Florida
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p And for all information about selling your fruit and vegetable crops, to ._ < .'

: #'? : No. 1 .Broadway,: New York, N. Y: ;' : I

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Get our latest prices on all agricultural chemicals before purchasing elsewhere. We undersell all competitors. Our facilities enable us to do this I

easily, and, as a.rule, to give better and higher class grades. of material: '
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; ... 4 : : t THE PAINE FERTILIZER CO.,

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0' J' .;;..>- ."'.. ',,, :>:;, :1':,'tI\.t'' s \",",,. JACKSONVILLE, FLA., and NEW YORK, N. Y.

\\J. SIJ['ABI.t-J 'IiEO '
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