Florida farmer & fruit grower
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055765/00319
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: S. Powers
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: March 2, 1895
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note: Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038466
oclc - 01387403
notis - AKM6256
lccn - sn 95026761
System ID: UF00055765:00319
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen

Full Text
--- -
-- -- -- -
i : : : .

I,t I .


.. t. .


I .


.1.1I ,
\- '
; r:

o ;.
vwI'rH ''II'

t tI


8. Powers, Publisher Proprietor JACKSONVILLE FLA., MARCH 9, 1895. Whole No. 1361 NEW SERIES" j
Vol. VII, No. 10.
-, '-- ,


1 If You Want to Save Money

' 1 :



.. &58 tit 60 WEST MARKET ST. '119 *fc 123 MICHIGAN,,

.. BUFFALO, N. Y. E E. 0, PAINTER & CO ,



.. ] L1NT I>, E'LA. j
Correspondence' invited and stencils- furnished on application' Reliable agents wanted at ,t. .
y,all principal shipping points, '.- f' -'. '* ?fw v- _,*i&-; r 5

_. ]ZEFERENCES ; For prices7natne'WHAT you'wanf, the amount and WHERt{you wan fit*delivered,Tandryoui, ,' ..
i will get rock-bottom, hard-time prices. Here is a list to select from t': '

First National Bank of Jacksonville, Fla. Bank Commerce,.Buffalo, N. Y. Dun's and Brad- ..
,street's Agencies. High-Grade,Sul. Potash, Bone, _

Low-Grade Sul. Potash Cotton'Seed Meal 'j
I : Everything for Florida. Established 1883. Kainit and Muriate Potash, Tobacco Stems 4'{.t

I o To everyone interested in plants, our Concentrated Tankage, Tobacco Dust; ; '1 ;;
i 3 n NEW CATALOGUE, for 1895 "- .', .
Blood and Bone
cgA : Tobacco Stems Ground, S will be found invaluable. 64 pages; illustrated,described and priced. Send
: UtIJ for it. It's free. Although the recent cold hurt much of our outside stock, Bone and Potash, Bone Black,
'tJ we are able to fill orders for almost everything catalogued excepting Citrus.
... Acid Phosphate, etc., etc.. :
RI A Specially fine line of Economic and Ornamental Plants .

r REASONER BROS., Oiicco, Fla. Write For Prices and Analyses of Corn Fertilizer.


some parts of the country, at least, that THEY MUST HAVE AN'EARLY ORANGE, or no FrauduuRsFruitWrappers.: POURS ':'
Orange at all. They are also learning that BOONE'S EARLY'is' not only the Earliest,but Best Pressing the Ltd.f :\
and nearest to a Seedless Orange of any now grown. Budded Trees 01 this and other varietiesnow _____ "*
for sale. Sample oranges by mail for toe each to pay postage. CATALOGUE FREE.

Semi-Tropical Nurseries,Orlando, Fla,
Consumers of Fruit Wrappers may --
ii T C.A.SS.A."V".. wow. now know that they get an honest ream t-
in Florida for several and its of 480 sheets and not 400 or 320 sheetsto -
This plant, a native oi Brazil, has been grown years popularityhas
increased with general planting. As a substitute for Irish Potatoes for table use it is unsur- ream as some unscrupulous dealers
passed. For a feed for stock,' especially milch cows, if is very valuable, having been shown to supply. m.lt ,
double the flow of milk.
j Our stock, of seed cane went through the late freeze uninjured, and we now have a large OUR "FAIR AND SQUARE"Printed E'Ii '
I stock on hand
; Price, 30 cents per lb.; two lbs for 50 cents, postpaid i ;r I' .
By express or freight, not prepaid,per 100 feet, $ta: ; per 1,000 feet, 9.00, Wrappers are put up in packagesof ''II I'I I
I 1000 each, and each Wrapper is Tea and Coffee pots artistic design with I'm'"h novel
H. > numbered, in printing, consecutively method of pouring. Prices from$z5o to$17. 5 ,','
our 4o-page Catalogue free. I ntorlachen I ,. Florida. from 1 to 1000. No one can each Ask for them or send for illustrations. ...
HONESTLY BEATour This is a good thing.FARMER'S .- '

; prices. Send for samples and prices SAW MILL :
i ( \ and the vigorous:! Citrus trifoliate which without protection stands the winters as far north at Washington,unlnlured. h. p., also Grinding Mills ..:;

: DeLoach Mill Mfg. Co.. ,
I orange and trSollata 1 stocks. Over goo varieties otter, s for Florida. and Lower South,including figs, JERSEY. CITY. N. J. .
s cranes,apricots, ,kumquats,ornamentals, 323 Highland, Ave., Atlanta, Ga.OHOIOJBS :ii
j N. B.-We do not deal in unprinted
fling Jf s5'.lrMS..jr..AR S. APL. wrappers. .\1

varieties, in extensive experimentarorchartls, and grounds,maintained at considerable expense has
been a leading feature of the business for thirteen years,and has amply repaid the outlaypurpose afforded. Guided\ :P'LZIII'CS uxzd P IOWJ3 I J
bvresults obtained In our own rose gardens,we have selected and offer as especially well adapted to the climate this re lon. :FRUIT TREES.:

r P loJfJ RJ..EltEJj .RlgJ:2"t..7.: ,FOR SOUTHERN FOR: PLANTING. \ 'R I 1

Handsome,6o-page, rest f accurate SOUTHERN ORCHARDS.
artistic illustrations recent results with leading sorts| latest practice and best methods in culture and management. Send to Satsuma Orange, Hardy and .....
TABER. Glen Bt. Mary1. Flo. for new edition (enlarged and rewritten throii hmit)of the Catalog of his Write for Catalogue and price list. Japanese Plums, Peaches, Pears, Roses Early., Camel-New :

ii JENNINGS' NURSERY CO., I has. &c., at very low prices Catalogue for the
LENStMARYNUR5ERIES ;asking. D, riEKSON. Prop.Montlcelle .
Thomaivllle, Qa Fl.


,1 '.. -' '- .. .. -, -.-- .-- .- _."."
_. -- .. : -' --- ---- --- -

f- I- t. r+R.ieeascr.e'C.7te+ 'P'tr'
:\ ,"_,;V:., ,.

:- 1
.. -J
.-.. ......)
,. t t"A.. ... -
;'J, .: J .. .,:.' "
: .
.. ,
': ,
.,., :, .' < .. .;' -

.' ,
'. .'. ;
,/ ';',
,. ".
# 146. ,'. ... ,I THB FLORIDA' FARMER ANDs .FRUIT-GRoWER.' :: :;'; .",.
.. .

F :K'FILIIZK1: S : --

INDIAN BRANDS-These fertilizers contain the elements of plant life in their natural state just as
the nice hand of Nature has manufactured them from the plants themselves, not combined .artificially .

6 1.. : with dangerous acids and alkalies. They produce good immediate results; and at the same time :

'. are a source of future available fertility to the soil. They are compounded according formulas approved I

t by the experience and observation of twenty years. '
% _
Fruit and Vine Fertilizer. Garden Truck Fertilizer. .
Per cent. Per cent Per cent
f-- '1di ', Ammonia ........ ... .................... 3 to 4 Ammonia....... .... .... .......... ...... 5 to 6 Ammonia ............ ..... ........4.50 to 5.25
I ""a Avail. Phos. Acid...... ...... .....to.... 6 to 8 Avail Phos. Acid...... .... ....... ....... 7 to. 9 Available Phosphoric Acid,.r.. .... 8.25 to 9.00
A" (L Acid Soluble Ph os. Acid.....to .......... 2 to 3 Acid Soluble Phos': Acid to.. to. .... .... 2 to 3 soluble Phosphoric Acid...... .to. I.oo to 2.50
t'' F tki Total Ph09. Acid........... .............. 8 to 10 Total Phos. Acid. .. ,...... .. ...... ., 10 to 12 Total Phosphoric Acid......... ...... 9.00 to 11.00 '
.41 i '' ? 1i' dd Actual Potash.......... .... .....;. ...... 10 to 12 .Actual Potash .......... ...... .......... 3"t04'", '" Potash(actual) ....... .. ...... .... 6.soto 7.50:
ti4 ,
..,,i ;,. 'ift i' F'INE- GROUND BONE -

Pure ., i '' le : Ammonia..... ..... 4 to 5 per ct. | Phosphoric Acid...... ...... 20 to :21 per ct. I Equal t to Bone Phosphate...... 44 to 46 per ct.


Made of the best material by skilled mechanics, 'according to the _

-IMPERIAL latest approved designs. The most economical because the strongest
and most durable. ; .
Spring Tooth Lever Cultivator. .

PRICE, 7 Teeth, $8.00. .

/ // '
/:;: -

,, '
iIIi"dl '
111'1 II'I I4 IlV4lu,
; -
( G I; I i dI '
"Illlllagi'' lilllI' "VIII llll'"it i 'IIIIIIIIhIIIIIIII I .ePr I -' ,', .
= i I 1111111 II

: ..
.. .ati&JR; ': '-0 ._ .
; ,
; r
itst ii ,popular m all fruit-growing districts ; apple, peach, orange groves,, ""'%; .""' '.' -
very .
; ;; '- >,. '
.- "' "- baccosud -crn*cult tir*'and for anclt-farming has no" equal. Made-with seven or eight:spring ."'f.Sf. ; _..,, ."J;:.ft'jt: ; IMPERIAL PLOWS.No. .' .__ ; ; :,\_ 1; S "
: "
,d, teeth wadiy adjusted for dcpiV with lever from rear. Unloads trash readily ; stirs and pulver .I"
'' Lies the ground thoroughly. Made of steel and malleable iron; finished nicely, and bound to give 1o. Chilled, .weight- 80 lbs.........$ .00 No. 9. Chilled, weight' 65Ibs.h.$7.: oo,
satisfaction wherever used. Adjusted for depth. No.8. t? ,50 lbs... .. .... 6.00 I No. 5.; 46 Ibs,...... ;.....5.00.

The teeth 8J/ inches long and fi inch square, are fastened to the cross bars by clamps, and
., ,_ can be raised or lowered<<: to any degree of cut, or taken out for resharpening. The cross bars_ are
r :. U""" shaped, the lightest and strongest shape known for a harrow bar, and are highly carbonized
S "S- to add stiffness and prevent bending or getting out of shape. A forward,movement of the handle I
.. throws the teeth into a horizontal position, allowing the rubbish to escape. Brackets attached to
each corner turn down when the teeth are out of the ground and make transportation .uu-
55, -S 9 plowed ground easy. Three feet nine inch sections, four bars'each

I -S One section, 24 teeth, fa inch,'cuts 3 feet 9 inches..... ................$ 8.00.
\ ; I_ Two sections, 48 teeth, f inch, cuts 7 feet 6 inches..............!..... 15.00. "
These. prices include. draw bars. ,

y_ '_ Send for complete catalogue s and price lists of Fertilizers, Agricultural Implements. Pumps, l

....r..,....." __= _=_ __ : f+ "'0.==-- Hose, Pine Apple, Tomato and Berry Crates, etc.
-': --=-..- .._.. ...., '..'.7i, i- :, 7 '
K ....- .
'':= ='-" :- ,... :J'J'
.. =:;'' : :=:- :=::;:" -.T
'''III' _::;: .. _-::... :: : : -EE.: ..ID.;'. ..aJ .4. ,




Having been practical orange growers for a number of years, also in the business of manufacturing 'Insecticides and using them ourselves -

for the"last ten years, we speak from experience when we"'make the following statement : .

That SULPHUR, SOLUTION INSECTICIDE is by far the cheapest and preparation yet offered to the orange grower. :

It ']has never yet been Adulterated or Diluted in any form whatever in order to Lower the Price, as f ,C

other Insecticides. have been throughout the, State, '

But is always uniform in strength and can be depended on to accomplish the purpose for which it was made. It can be sprayedjon f

the trees, at any stage of growth, without injury to them or the persons using it. a

As sulphur will not kill all insects affecting the orange tree, we have perfected another insecticideknown as Tar Emulsion, whichis 1 1..

, very effective in destroying Aleyrodes Citri (commonly known as the White :Fly), also the Red Spider (not the Spotted.. mite or Yellow P

Spider), and used in combination with Sulphur Solution it will give better results than any insecticide.ever used. P

We have tested it thoroughly the past two years ourselves, and know whereof we speak. ti

These insecticides have been used by some of the largest orange growers in the State and have given perfect satisfaction. tfn

References and general directions for using furnished on application.'n''

Write for Price-List. : .st;

McMASTER & MILLER, frw fli].

San MateoFIa, lai

J_f ."":"- '" .,. -__.- ', .. .... .

.=-: : .

-- .
... __.___-__.- ___, _, :-.. .. ____: ____.-=-- ':,:. ;' ,.";.1\.: -: "" "
.. '
., .
(. : I : .. .,'. ) ,
/. .
II, : -. .
-- ,. '.' ': ,c. .
.: .- ." .
i:!.... .' ', .''';4 -',, ./
.- } ; I'
0:7: '
-., '



or elliptical scale on .the lower surfaceof the fruits partially retain their green but it does mean an immense amount ':

Grove $ Orchard. the leaf. About the middle of i color indefinitely, rendering them un- of hard and careful work if it is' to 1'

March the mature winged insects salable. The black coating of the succeed. -
'(j How 'to Exterminate the White I begin to hatch and such measures may sooty mold renders them unsightlyand It will be remembered that the
J Fly. taken eradicate the be unsalable until white the winter in the :
: be to pest must they are thoroughly fly passes ma-

By 11 J. Webber,.Special Agent, U. S. taken before this time. They pass washed, which necessitates a con- ture larval condition, fixed immovable [i
Department of Agriculture, Sub through some three broods from egg siderable expenditure of time and la to the lower surface of the leaf. They ;

Tropical Laboratory, Eustis, Florida. to mature fly during a y6ar. This is all bor. Even when carefully washed (a were in this condition at the time of ;
that need be said here in regard to the process which injures the keeping the firstand, second freezes. All oranges .
The white fly or mealy wing (Aley- .
without life hitory of the insect. What I desire quality of the fruit) many of them, be- and other citrous leaves were
rodes Citri I think I can
) say the reader to particularly note is cause small and green in color, are unfit killed and thus also all flies which '
'exaggeration is more feared
any. that in the winter season when the for market. were on them. The flies were not 'j'!
other insect which attacks
pest oranges. all in the The of the due this killed the cold but
Indeed in places it has becomeso freezes, took place they were extent damage to by severe by
bad ,that, many the industry is seriously larvae stage fixed immovable on the pest can hardly be realized by those the shutting off of their nourishmentby
threatened.: Thousands very of dol- lower surfaces of the leaves. who have not been in the white fly re the killing of the leaves, The

lars damage annually done by this THE SOOTY MOLD FOLLOWING ,THE gions. In many places hundreds of flies do not occur on the orange twigs,
: acres are literally black from the effects but even if they did the twigs were ','
disease and it is spreading so rapidlyas WHITE FLY.
of this Groves also.killed the freeze. It is :
pest. are frequently by plain'then :
It is
alarm the entire State.
to The white fly secretes, a sweet fluid ,reduced to such an extent that growers that if all evergreen shrubs on
known .to occur at Citra, Gainesville Ocala, (honey dew) in considerable quantity, have given up, abandoned hope, which the white fly occurs, which ,
Rochelle, Evinston, Micanopy, and this falling on the leaves and fruits and ceased to cultivate their groves. came through the freeze uninjured or
Crescent City, San Mateo, Ormond, furnishes nourishment for the growthof only slightly injured, were defoliated,
Bartow ,Ft. Meade Mana METHODS OF TREATMENT.For .
Orlando, -
the black fungus known as sooty we would in all probability kill the
tee, Ft. Myers and many other places.Its mold) or'"smut;" which so disfiguresand over a year I have been makinga pest out.Since.

source is thus very general injures the'fruit in this disease. special investigation of this pest in starting the study of the sub- .

throughout! State. This fungus grows abundantly and is connection with the sooty mould, and ject I ha made careful notes on the
The late freeze' has been very disastrous fortunately several effective remedies -
so invariably present in this disease thatit very : plants on which the white fly occurs,
to.the white fly as well as to have been discovered.The ,
has become the principal feature by and have found twenty plants on ,
,? orange groves, and i it(is to explain the which people recognize the disease... rosin wash has been found to which it occasionally 'occurs. On

,condition of the pest and the means occurence.of sooty mould, how- be very effective and fumigation with some of these they develop very rap- :
which'may 'be taken to eradicate it, hydrocyanic acid I have also found
is that the whitefly gas
ever, not1 a.sure sign idly, ds on cape jessamine, banana
that.this article'is written. is present also, as the same sooty very effective., This progress is very shrub, English ivy, persimmon and

ORIGIN'OF'THE WHITE FLY. mold .follows also the white or the fortunate and we were 'very much umbrella,,trees. On others they occur

From whence, the ..white fly came is wax 'scale, the mealy bug and other pleased with even this success before but rarely and are evidently from
made its insects. the freeze. With this unprecedented chance laid the females '
not-surely known. It appearance honeydew secreting eggs by occasionally
first, so far as 'I. am able to freeze comes the chance of years-the alighting on them. Even ,on
learn, at Gainesville and Panasoffkee,. possibility of totally eradicating the these plants,; however, they succeed"I
and has spread from these_ localities MOLD ON THE ORANGE TREE pest-doing away, once for all, with in eking out an existence although the

around the'State. It may have: been AND: FRUIT. the worry:and expense of fighting this plants are clearly unsuited to them.

introduced from some other country The white fly is a sucking insect. It: most serious, pest year after year. Among these plants may be mentioned <

or have spread onto the oranges from penetrates the tissue of the leaf and Think what it means to be continually the red bay, magnolia, holly, etc. ;i
some native plant. It is only known obtains its food from the nourishing fighting a pest of this nature. But Of the plants on which the lave of ''';1:
fight it you must if it is allowed to re the white have been found devel- : '
.to. occur in .Florida and Louisiana. juices of the plant. They multiply fly
main. You who have sprayed realize Ii'j'
and thousands of laid oping some fifteen 'came through the 1. :
i NATURE'OF. THE 'WHITE FLY. rapidly eggs are the Rosin wash
difficulty. costs 73
leaf that come's freeze uninjured only slightly in- ,;
on out so \
new ,
1'he"mature; white 'fly is a minute, every cent per gallon for materials, and fif-
The is list of
jured. following a
ft is
this reaches
that before maturity :
chalky white insect about onesixteenthof feen gallons is required for one tree at these 'I
lower surface : ;
shingled over on the by
an inch long, each having four one spraying. You must spray at tI
wings.. 'Both sexes are winged in, the the scales of hundreds of developing least three .or four times per year if i, Cape jessamine; a, English ivy's; :'\

mature stage, a point; of importance larvae, drawing their nourishment from anything is to accomplished. This, 3, banana shrub ;' 4, honeysuckle; \
consider the 'rapidity the materials which should go to the, 5, mock orange (prunus caroliniana) _; '
i when,we come to then, means a cost of from fifteen to ;
of spread of the.insect as it enables support of the tree. twenty cents per year for materials. 6, red bay; 7, magnolia; 8, bay, (or : '
considerable dis- This, however, is not the only white bay) Japan plum, (loquat)
the female to fly to a Add the cost of labor, and the cost ; 9 ; \'
tance'before depositing her eggs, while drain on the tree. Their scales are so will not be much less than from 75 10, American holly; II, yucca; 12, ::. :.::

.'in the red scale and other scale in- abundant and numerous that the pas-. cents to $1.00 per tree for old trees. cross vine, (bignonia! ); 13, yellow jes- ''; :I

sects, the female is wingless, all eggs .sage of gases-in and out of the plant is If one fumigates, the necessary outfitof samine; 14, comptie or coontie; 15, ';A''
greatly hindered, and the process of brier or bamboo vine. .
being deposited under the some five or ten tents will cost green ?
Each white fly lays from twenty to assimilation in the plant is greatly re from '$300.00 to $400.00. The mate- A very careful examination of some C' "'t.,
'the tarded. Still this is not all. The plants in the near vicinity of I
fifty eggs, which are deposited on rials' for a tree twenty feet high will evergreen ,'
under surface of the newest and sooty mold which follows the insect cost forty cents; add to this the labor, badly infected groves has failed to show : ;
freshest growth of leaves. 'The eggs forms a dense black coating over the and the treatment will cost 75 cents to any signs of the lame of the white fly. .'r:
leaves, and so effectually shuts off the It is apparently impossible for them to .
hatch into the larvae, a wingless stage, $1.00 per tree. While fumigation I ,
provided with'legs, but moving about light that little or no assimilation can costs much more than spraying for develop on these. The following is :
slowly and with difficulty. The larva take place in the leaf, and this it must one application it is very much more a list of the plants on which they have ;'; :

forms a thin, almost transparent oval be. remembered is a' vital process in : effective, and in the long run is prob- not been found after careful search'

F .or elliptical scale on the lower surfaceof plants as well as animals. ably as cheap as spraying.The and these may probably be exemptedwith '

the orange leaves and leaves of The growth of the tree is retardedand cost, may not- seem very great, safety from the list of plants '
other plants. It is only in the early in serious cases, is frequently en- but when one considers that this which should be cut down or defolia- "

stages that the larva has the power of tirely checked until some relief is ob- means coming year after year with the ted if the white fly is to be eradicated.

free motion. They molt several times tained. The blooming and fruiting is care and worry, we see a dismal pic. Pines, cedars and other conifers, oaks,* '

and finally in the mature stages they usually light, and in very bad cases is ture for the orange growing of the palms, roses, Spanish bayonets, and ; .

lose the power of changing their wholly suppressed. The leaves wither Future unless some means is found for bamboos.
r positions. They become fixed in one quickly in slIght.droughts, resembling eradicating the pest. Such an. enormous number of plantsare
cultivated in the state that it is ;
their transformation blighted trees. ,
placeand complete
there. If they are loosened from The young, fruits early become cov- practically impossible for us to exam
this position they fall off and perish, ered with sooty mold and are retardedin WHITE FLY ine all that remain evergreen. Thus

.not being able to regain the leaf againor their development, frequently never To this I answer yes, most emphat- the only thorough directions that '1
to feed. It is in this mature larval reaching full maturity. They are usu- ically. If every evergreen plant in can be given is destroy, all plants

that we find all of the white ally smaller than fruits developed under the State on which the white fly occurs which remain evergreen except those .

stage flies at the present time. They pass normal conditions, and remain insipid was cut down and burned, every .! on which the white fly has not been 'I

from the larva stage into the pupa, and'juiceless. They'do not "color up" leaf, this pest would bother us no found. I give you now in condensed .)"

which is 'very similar to the mature normally, and if the membrane of more. This does not seem so much form the recommendations, which, if ;:.T?

larva and agrees in forming an 'oval sooty mold covering them is quite thick trouble as one would at first suppose, carefully followed, I think would rig .'


.,'- t '. .' -

< ..... .-.._ ,f
"""' _
< .
IIII:< : '< -
',' ;. '7. ",*,__>
", A..L: : "

-' .

I .


I .
J r LOCKHART LITTLE, President. ? J. E. SJILLMAN, Sec. and Treas.


I' l.oJANU..AO'rURER: : S, -

HIGH : -.,

.. ,. .
.. -
Especially Adapted to, the Requirements of the ,Orange Tree. :-

.. .. .. .. .
% l -1! I I *"ll I"""" '" -- I I I.III.II-I -
November and December. are the proper months to apply, fertilizers on the bearing groves to,secure, the best results.


Orange Planters. True Value Number One," "Orange Planters{ True Value Number Three," "

Supplies all the needs of the bearing tree, Supplies all the needs of the young tree.


We solicit the inquiries of the orange growers of Florida. Correspondence cheerfully answered. ,Pam- \

phlets and prices furnished on application.Florida '

------ --

of the white fly pest. How to Cope With the Red Scale. of dollars loss annually. The related scale 'However, in nil localities

DIRECTION HOW TO ERADICATE THE The red scale is unquestionably the red ,scale of California proves to ,be where,'the,red scale has been only recently -

WHITE FLY. greatest enemy of. the orange next to even more difficult to combat than the introduced, :it is perfectly feasi--

First-.Cut down and burn all cape the white fly. Is is said to have first much dreaded cottony cushion scale. ble to totally exterminate the pest.,'In ...

jessamines, ,English ivy and banana appeared in Florida in the grove of I Its, :ravages have become, so serious such cases iris impossible to urge too ..

shrubs.. Messrs. Holmes and Robinson, near that, spraying has been largely givenup strongly'the advantage of prompt and

Second-Cut down or eradicate all Orlando, where it was,first' noticed in for fumigation-an operation requiring concerted action:in the whole infested

evergreen plants,vines, shrubs or'trees, the spring of 1879 'on a sour orange an outfit worth .$100 to $300 locality. It occurs on thousands of
especially loquats (Japan plums), honeysuckles tree brought from Cuba in 1874. 'It' I and, costing 50 cents to $1.00'per' fallen fruits and on the saw palmettoin

magnolias, red bays, hollys, is known to occur on various.plants i in i tree; Hundreds of thousands of ,the vicinity of infested trees and .
mock; oranges, cross vines (bignonias), Cuba. It gradually spread from this trees have been fumigated thus''' at a the chances are that. someone would

yellow j jessamines, coonties (complies), one tree until now it occurs in nearlyall cost'', of tens, .of thousands 'of. dollars. leave a sound orange unburied or fail ,
;'\/,. bays, yuccas and green briers (bamboo the groves in central Orange county.It We will probably have to use the same to cut down all the'infested palmettoesand
1" )vines). has also appeared in various other, means in Florida if {tie red scale overruns .the scale'would: start again.

The following plants on which the points in this State and in ,Louisiana.It the whole State. as it is sure'to do INDIVIDUAL GROWERS CAN AND SHOULD. ..
white fly has not been found to be exempted is everywhere spreading and causing unless opposed. CLEAR TAEIR GROVES. ''

: Pines, cedars and other coni-- greater and greater damage. Outsideof THE CHANCE OF A LIFETIME TO KILL
Though I am compelled to believe
fers oaks Spanish bayonets Florida and'Louisiana it is knownto
palms roses
OUT THE PEST. that, it is impracticable toi entirely
and bamboos. occur only in Cuba and Queensland, The two, unprecedented. freezes of eradicate the red scale in,all the badly
Do not trust to searching for the Australia related
though 'a species this ,winter have done at least this one infested regions, 'I am very strongly of \
white flies. In their condition in .
California. "
present causes great: damage
good thIng-they have totally de the opinion that every grower should
invisible to
they are quite except HOW TO RECOGNIZE THE ,RED SCALE. stroyed the orange leaves and all the immediately take steps to clear his ,

" al-most Probably all are familiar with the scales occurring' them. The .cold grove of,the pest.' The groves once '

outward appearance of the pest. It is weather has already killed,nine hun- cleared, it will be comparatively-sim
armed good magnifying glass.It .
should with further a be emphasized that a true scale, circular in form. nearlyflat dred and ninety-nine thousandths .o"f ple' to. eradicate the pest as, soon as it ,: "
dark reddish,brown in color, witha the ,:red scales-it only remains for appears again. '
all action 'taKen must be taken immed- ..
central lighter When to kill the remaining few. If it
spot. fully us WHAT TO DO. .
'. lately, as the flies begin to hatch about
the middle of March, and any action grown the female measures from one- were possible. to secure: prompt and The steps to be taken are few and
sixteenth to of inch concerted action in all localities where
one-eighth an .
taken after this period will be fruit not difficult to put in practice.
in diameter. The eggs are laid under the red scale occurs it would. be possible -
I. Pick off all the fruit hanging on
less.The the scale and the insects crawl ] eradicate the insect' ''from the
damage which will be done to the trees and rake together all fallen
I about for few hours after is that: is
hatching.After State. It the'only
a chance ,
the trees and shrubs cut down or defoliated fruit and bury it several l inches deep.
twenty four hours they have set- likely to occur for generations. Thefew ,
: is very slight and only tem This should be done whether the
tled for life. The females scales that have lived '
are not remaining ,
porary, as those cut down will grow fruit:is badly infested or not ,as it is
::-'. winged as in the case of the white, fly, through the freezes are mostly on the
:' rapidly, owing to their good root needful to kill every scale. An easy'method
up .
: and which has rotted
travel about fruit
cannot fallen not
' consequently : 'yet ,
and those defoliated will in of carrying out this reccom-
before depositing their ., At most while some few: occur'on the jes
egg cape
N four months hardly show the effects. mendentation would be to plow a :
the scales can crawl .but a few samine loquat, and other .
young evergreen
i': : What is said here is applicable to furrow between ,each row of trees,,
feet,, though they may be carried to plants. If the 'oranges can be buried
c'. the entire ,State. Let no man hesitate rake the oranges in and cover them.
. greater distances by, other insects, spiders and :the evergreens:cut down: or ,defoliated '
' '. to follow these directions, for the The utmost care should be exercisedto
birds which and burned the red scale will
or they may, cling.
: I that "should I, neighborwill bury not thoroughlyrotted.
reason my : every orange
not, and thus no good will be ac- The spread of the,pest,through a grove, become, a thing'of the past. .

: complished." Those who say this and especially, from one grove to another ,IS IT FEASIBLE TO ERADICATE RED' 2.' Cut down and burn all cape jes. ...
is with '
{'/' will be the neighbors who will not. very slocompared.. the SCALE THROUGHOUT FLORIDA? samine and camelia shrubs and cut
t''Y'om;' Many isolated groves now having white fly. Much as I would like to answer the down or defoliate and burn or

,: the white fly may be freed from thetZ' DAMAGE IT CAUSES. question affirmatively,I am ,obliged to, bury all evergreen plants, vines, .
: \, pest by following! the above directions, This pest attacks both leaves and state that I do not believe it is practi- shrubs and trees occuring' in the
,,-' even if it is not eradicated from the fruits and besides weakening'the tree cable. Although any steps that may groves within,.twenty feet of, infested '

t; State as a whole. renders the fruit unsightly and oftenunsalable be 'taken against the white fly go, a trees. Note : Pines, cedars and other

r' I trust that all orange growers will .. To prepare ,the fruit of long way toward exterminating: ,red ,conifers, oaks, Cherokee roses and
'' take the matter in hand and leave no badly infested, groves for market it is scale, the fact that the red ,scale is cabbage palmettoes may be exempted '

stone unturned to stamp the pest out necessary to rub or wash the scales found living on ,fallen oranges and as the red scale. is not known to occur -

immediately, as ,there is no time to off a laborious and costly operation,, also\ on more' evergreen plants than. is on them. All cape jessamines in ', .

4 lose, if we would derive the only endangering the keeping qualities the white fly, renders it very improbable infested regions; should be cut to the \', ,
,.1. benefit which it seems, possible to derive the fruit. It is no exaggeration to :that' any action ,could, be taken 'ground,and burned to make doubly ,' ',':r '

r from this most disastrous freeze.. affirm that it causes tens of thousands" sufficiently i concerted'to kill all the red 1 sure,the eradication of the white .flv, '


-' ._ ---- .-. .-- _. ,, .. .- '.. -- .. --. -----_..__,---,.--..........----_._--'--'-.'-- ,,,. ,,. L
"r--, '
: ::. .7 j s,, )rdl

.:;'. ::::>:'':'' J: ,<,"t't)!:; ''.7t.:.;[",: .., ;;'r: ,'f'7'1, 2 ,'t\1.t:,, .': W'\'l'f:"::Y': ."!JR1t11i.t' .''*!i: t : t ,' \ l ?i f1 \''';, .
"' '<'f.'is' **' tr' *-, ''."V1'* : .. "'". V" 'w- o.t.X ? *- -n--YO 'v.- ,** 'J r,'; J / 7fs;,; *v ,. -
.v- A !- ; i-- > L- .. ; <- '
'' ,:,,'( ( : :. ; '. ": "":>;:: 1:' ,,"., :i,:,. '/...' ;*.i; < '"'-- ,' ::. ,* ;::" : ,-)/-{ /-* \ >* \ :%,- '. ;<' .>> ."? : ;- : :-. ,':5:. <"' .'< > :.

\ ,' _
.. .



,.. .. .
Trees,:Vegetables, 'and Pineapples. Every kind of Raw Material. t

': i F0ange : < B\ C Ailmmon ,

'. bearing trees. For bearing orange trees.Ammqnia For young trees. .
u..........orange..... 4: to 5 per cent. ...... ....... 3 to 4: per. cent. Ammonia..........orange...... 5 to 0 per. cent. Ammonia.Vegetable..........fertilizer...s? 5 to 6 per cent.
: Avail phos.acid......... 8 to 10. Avail phos. acid .. ... 6 to 8. A\.aUphos.ncid......... 7t08. Avail phos. acid ........ 6to 8" "
bos. acid........ 2to 3" Insol phos. acid....... 2 to 3" Insol phos. acid. ...... 2t03" Insol phos. acid ........ 2to 4 .*
Potash K20 ... ......... 10 to 12" Potash K20 ............ 14 to 16" Potash K20.. ..... .... 3to4: Potash K20..1.... 9 to 10": "
$38 per ton. $37 per ton. $34 per ton. $38 per ton. s


Spanish bayonets should be buried 'as The, 'Best Tree t _for a Wind-Break.* over a new leaf. In order to make sure It is true a few foreign grapes will t

they will not burn readily. All date' Editor" Farmer and Fruit-Grower : of our fruit, let us make sure of our do well on their own roots especially

.. and other palms and all saw palmettoes The editor tells us he uses the belt, of trees on the north', west and those originating from warm climates, 1 l

in the grove or within twenty feet camphor tree to protect his orange- southwest, to protect that fruit and the but as a rule, owing to the weakness

of infested trees must have every leaf grove. Mr. Girardeau seems to preferthe trees that produce' it from October of their roots, they must be grafted on ."I!

cut off and, burned. The most important live oak for a shade tree and I gales and winter blizzards. And whenit I some strong, sturdy stock. Grafting

plants to cut down or defoliateare presume, for a wind break too. I comes to select a tree that is best has been 'demonstrated to be no det- _-

the cape jessamine, camelia, lo- much prefer''the pine. suited to protect your grove or garden, riment to the grape, but to the con-

quat or Japan plum camphor, magnolia Mr. Powers' camphor trees cost him field or orchard, you will go far and trary. As is the case with the peachor

Spanish bayonet and saw palmetto. some money at the start. They haveto I. hunt a.good while before you find a pear, the grape improves. It improves -

But it is not safe to spare any be' fertilized,every year, and in a tree so well suited for this purpose as in size, in quality and in quan-

green foliage except the plants especi- severe freeze it seems they are not the common, despised pine tree. tity ; grafting makes it also bear sooner

ally mentioned above. In all, this perfectly hardy. Now it-seems to me M. CHESEBRO. and earlier, the fruit is improved and

scale occurs on more than twenty-five unless his camphor trees are worth .Plummer.-'P1a. its wine is improved in bouquet and in

plants; among'others on mock orange something some other purpose be- ) alcohol. Such has been the conclu-

(prunus Caroliniana), English ivy, sides wood in the end, his wind-break The Vi neyard.Edited sion of the last viticultural congress

date palm, ( cocos Alphonsii,) bear has, or will cost him quite a sum .of by E. DUBOIS, Tallahassee held at Lyons.In .

grass, (Yucca,filamentosa), citrus tri- money. Mr. Girardeau's oaks must following these different experi--

foliata, sago palm (cycas revoluta,) have cost something to set them in Notes on Grape Oulture.-3. ments with foreign grapes, the object

coontie, (zamia integrifolia), pitch-', place, and they did not all live. Sec Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: in view was to look for ,the best table

ardia chaemerops, arid many other ondly, no crop and no other trees will FOREIGN GRAPES. grapes, raisins de /uxe, then the best
Can foreign grapes be profitably for Sauterne claret and Mus-
palms.In do well near them. Thirdly, if theyare grapes
killed raised here ? In order to answer To that effect after
no case need the plants be near an orange grove'one has ''an cat. several

.. when,cut down or defoliated. In a endless 'job ''pulling out the moss' from satisfactorily such a question, it would trials, the best grapes of every known
few months will involve the history of the different were procured and muchas
they grow up .again the'orange trees that is torn loose country as

S .as good as ever. In most' groves it from the 'branches of the' oaks. I havea grape families mentioned' my last possible, from or near their places v,

'will.be? only a few days work to carryout : few:oaks in front of the house, 'on notes (see page 101)), their suitabilityto of origin, as at Chateau Margaux for -
the the directions different climates and soils, their the claret and Chateau Yquemfor
; to letter; given the main road and am satisfied to grapes
kill the .affinity as grafting stocks with the the Sauterne As parties
above and completely out have no more. The nasty moss is .grapes.
red scales. A careful watch should pepetually falling in' the road, on the foreign grape, all of which, owing to have already written to me in order to
be the and if '''by mere technicality, .shall have to omitat secure foreign let me state
- kept during summer fences and in the field, littering every- grapes,
any chance a few scales,do escape the thing, disfiguring everything. present. But suffice it to say that here that I have none for sale, ,butI
these different vitis families have been will tell later how to raise
you cheaplya
infested tree and those adjoining
contrast r have one hundred
By tested in France for
fully over twenty vineyard of foreign
should be cut to the trunk and burned. grapes.
, I By exercising,reasonable care there.is pines set out years ago. They years, as grafting stocks, and their The question is settled with me.
then about three
were well their defects
no reason why the grove could not'be, I them and set them in qualities as as fully Foreign grapes, if grafted, can be
dug up an defined.
raised in this section and what is
kept free from red scale'permanently.. especially
hour. Nearly everyone lived and Not being satisfied with the NiagaraI worthy of interest, is that they
PROMPT ACTION NECESSARY they are now twenty-five to forty feet was induced several to
years ago retain their full size, their incomparable -
I I : It is necessary that the above rec-, high. They never cost me one cent, I try the most'renowned of the Labruscas flavor and above all, their great
.. either' for' cultivation pruning fer
but one of them showedthe
, : ommendations be put into effect within every productivity.
the next few days as the work must tilizer., They throw ho moss on my same defects. I then procured J. B. LAMONTAGNE,

be finished before the first new growth orange'he'es, and they survive unin- a few foreign grape vines; a few did Winter Park, Fla.

pushes out and furnishes, a refuge for jured the severest! gales. Neighbor well, but most of them 'made a sad .
'P. disliked it at first* because one
failure. An examination of the roots
the scales.
hungry Probably new. of his rows of orange trees was revealed the fact that these were Dr. Inman, of Winter ''Haven, thinks
growth will begin to show in ten daysor very
within only' twenty feet from'' my row of poorly developed, thus exposing the Florida is destined to experience the
two weeks at most. This
pines. But now he finds that that', vine to disease. Side by side with greatest boom in her history, and bases
work must
", means commence at row of his trees grows as' fast with' as these dying Viniferas were some A s- his statements on the facts that this disaster -

once. little fertilizer asother trees one hun- tivalis wonderful in size, vigor and will show to the North how de-

RUIN, TO HAVE BOTH WHITE FLY AND dred feet or more aw.ay. .. growth. It was but natural to think pendent'she is on Florida,not only for

RED SCALES. .The pine tree in Florida is so 'common that if the Viniferas had the roots of the luxuries of fruit, but the coming

do it ',its the stivalis succeed. It necessities of vegetables; that Floridais
: that'we not appreciate at they might
To have both of these ravenous foes
not land of fruit and flow
just value. Like the air we breathe ,took but a short time to get.several only'the
attacking t the groves just as they are the drink its worthis 'such stock ers, but the winter garden of America,
or water'we great foreign grapes grafted on
coming bearing means almost
on which this country and Canada
ruin seldom mentioned. Now it'seemsto and the change was really marvelous;
certain to the principal industryof
me that it'' is easily worth all the the powerful roots of the i/Estivalis must depend, and that it will so stim-
the State. The white
fly can 'be in the State. its the delicate ulate the growers to new enterprise .. .ti
other trees that grow imparted strength to r.
and should
be eradicated.The
completely i
be understoodthat Vinifera such that variety of cropland the development -
And it is coming to growing as was never '
red scale can be and ought to 'be
of new possibilities be the
without pine> tree protection no seen in any Labrusca or other vine
eradicated in most localities and the is safe from in this section least. result. Dr. Inman and Major J. B.
kind of fruit tree very grown at
principal groves in all places. It can Not these results and Briggs, the largest growers in this sec
gales and blizzards. Let us get over content with
then be held in check readily in the hundreds
habit of God's of other stocks used in tion, both having of acres in
the of undervaluing one knowing
future. It is the last chanceto
is and France Estivalis vegetables, will increase: their territorynext
save the of sections blessings because it plenty yet superior to our ,
groves many cheap. Let us quit straining after I was led to try several foreign grapeson season.-Tampa Tribune.
and it is not, saying any too much to
"far-fetched and Vialla and all *
something that is Riparia Rupestris,
affirm that the future growth and -
prosperity With less until I had Tax Collector Cato heavy
dear-bought. more or success, reports
of towns 'and the region
many ''It is'said that in the days of Nimrod"a collected over two hundred different payments of taxes the past few days.
about depends largely on taking
very and concerted man was had in esteem, inasmuch as varieties. The result has been thatas Considering that the books remain

prompt, vigorous the foes. meas- he lifted his hand'',against the mighty' nice a Vinifera can be raised hereas open until the first Monday, in April

." ures against common W, T. SWINGLE. trees." In other words, the best'chop- in the old country, ip size, color the receipt of tax money is unusually

the best Let turn and flavor. heavy.--Gainesville Sun.
Subtropical Laboratory, Sustis, Eta per was man. us :

# .

/i----r-: 5 '- ,-,- ..- :_--,--:- .''-''",;', :.=-- 7", ',_--,-_' '=:':: _':'_':';_ : ..: ':'.'.'..' ._,.____."... ,____u--__", __ -." .'_, _.. .,._.'_.. h.. .. __...._.._,, -. .....----.........,...........--.-__ _

"' '' ''--' -' -''= -'''--''' "It-, -- '
..'" .. 1.!'''".. "'.",-: '".\ .y j "I, "1' sn- .JIf"p. ,. ., '' i .. ... '... ....<""."... .... I.. ,. ..... .,.: ,. ::..... ;-- ..'......;."., ,,""t,.Nr;tJ... .,. .. t .,' ..
:: : .: ( .' \ '
/ ,
','.:-i: .l'.) -
1.""'" ."'r" ... :"1:. ...;'
: : !' : "" *" "" *' V A.- "" -I *., -,. *
P"T: ; : <"4 't* V, % ? /'- "V? "'*' l?; " "*" """ V t "* "* V j*> *.lj* %]fiV'j *" J C *> *- .i f t?' J*Vifc f "**""fK'' **' fcf* i v *"" -. "-
'" ".j :rlu. ..
. -r-M"ar % i* *- > > >
-.,, ,- '' r" V -"! ., !>- >- "-{'-** 4 v-x* '-'* 5.
.,. '
.k FARMER r. '".,. r> i' ,*
.. .
I":-,- i M.- -- i .. ..

li;. : VOW 'wILL ICI E'ED"vnYvnr"V --,. / ., ,' .. .. ,:
I P .... q ,

I "
1 "


}' OUR u Die/ro & oon-'o GOODs are reliable .dQuick
1( __ Acting for Orange .

ii tf.. ;A' FULL .STOCK OF ALL FERTILIZER MATEi isd Vegetables.ON HAND, .

:r Namely :Nitrate of ,Soda, Sulphate of Ammonia, Cotton Seed Meal, Blood and Bone, Fine Ground Tobacco Stems, Chopped Tobacco
Stems, Kentucky Tobacco Stems, Acid Phosphate, Dissolved Bone, Potash, Kainit, etc. .
Il .

t.:: We also Mix any.Special Formula at Lowest Possible Cost.. ,, -, ,,: .,.. ':
.' .
;,. '. }' ; ::;
Write: for Prices and Analysis. We seek the Grower's trade direct. *. -: :J": : : '. ;:'
r: '
'. "

WI? sol & To0MFR.. .;

Jao1 9onvilie. F'lorJ.d.a. JO THE P ERTILIZER OUSE on LOI2IDA.. '
'. .
. Farmer $ TruckerPoints earth for them to go into. This soft consideration is, the bugs',can not eat 'plants and raise them up, but work '
earth suits them, and they will grow the: plants. If, however, the cloth ,is around them,
- about six inches I until the vines of -.;.-_
a day.Vhen go kept on .are: good -
on Melon Culture. to lay by my melons, I invariably runa size, do not expose them too suddenlyto Cucumber Culture for Pickles.
: Col. Reuben Jones, a well known scooter furrow and have a nigger the. midday sunshine, but do so Cucumbers can be grown very successfully -
i' grower of South Georgia, at a.convention sprinkle a few peas,' and when the gradually These protectors ought I on common pine land and
r'. of melon growers, gave an informal peas are up about five inches they not to cost more than four dollars' per there is much profit in pickles well
j' -address, part of which we give don't hurt anything. They serve 'as hundred, or even less, in large lots. made. 'They are worth 16.00. per
"I'}-'- as found in the Southern Farm: a sort of trellis, and the watermelon Melons can be gotten in the market barrel-in, Jacksonville for small.choice. ,
t' .- I am going to tell you 'a fact about vines tie to them;, and they also shade bt using'these protectors from ten to pickles. But the grower should plant''
._ -. watermelon roots.' They literally fill the little melons. Fourteen days earlier than if grown land enough to enable him to 'gather: ..
" "::. the earth. They are confined to the The following is from an excellent entirely uncovered. The bugs are them when-'very,small"as large picklesare
;:?,- immediate surface. They are exceed- 'article inHome, and Farm ; the con- very destructive to young melon not wanted.A .
::.?:;,;: ingly fine and tender, as much so as clusion will be given when it timely..- plants., They do not eat the. plants gardener near DeLand, ,one year,
':' the 1 vine.itself'. ; and m fact they grow We,will merely say that a plenty of'tobacco much, but seem to suck the life out succeeded well on ordinary pine l land. .
;/,;-: just as fast and.as far in the ground dust applied on the 'hills will of them. They suck the underside of He broke it up thoroughly and made:
as the vine grows on the surface. save all the tedious work involved in the seed leaves and, the'. tender stalks high ridges two 'and a, half"'or three
They keep up, and that is the reason making and using boxes, as described near theground, and sometimes will feet apart. Between ,these ridges, in
the manure ought to be well. scatteredover below : destroy older '''plants having six or the water 'furrows, he put tobacco
the whole ground. eight leaves. When a poisen is used stems, but not sufficient to make a
.I put about two hundred pounds to The germination of seed can be to destroy these bugs; it should be applied ridge, on the contrary a slight.,depression -
the acre of commercial l fertilizer. hastened, 'and young plants protectedfrom so as ,to adhere, to the underside was left. In*this depression, and
When the vines begin to run I take at' cold by mechanical ,devices. leaves. Paris green, strychnine and immediately! above the.tobacco stems,-
"scooter" and run each side about One very cheap, and, perhaps, as such poisons, are all good, and if ap he..planted his cucumber seed, about. ,
: two and a half fret from the hill and good as any, can be made of laths plied with j judgment, will destroy these eighteen inches apart.
follow and put in about one hundred and thin cotton goods, costing two pests'very effectually. Tobacco stalks It was his intention 'to thin out the
pounds more of fertilizer each way, and one-quarter to two and} three- and stems are good preventive, and plants if found necessary to thirty-six
which makes in all about four hun- quarter cents per yard, and called in will also hasten the growth of the inches, but as the vines did so well he
dred pounds to the acre. The delicate the tobacco sections "plantbed cloth" plants,' as they contain valuable fertilizing thought it unnecessary and allowed
roots of the melons found this Have blocks one and one-quarter ,by properties which leach out readilyand them to remain as planted. Theyieldwas
fertilizer that had been scattered about, one and one-quarter inches and six go directly into the roots of the most flattering. From a small
and they never fired. They wont fire inches long, take laths 2 feet long at young plants. Six or eight' stalks, or,. patch he supplied the home market,
if you will put in your fertilizer that bottom and top making a frame' 2 feet 'one or two handfulls<: .,of .stems. placedaround and saved several barrels of -pickles.
way. Another thing you should nev-. square and 66 inches high. On the each hill, ,will do. Another I I which he ,is now selling at profit..,
er work''' watermelons when the ground top of this frame tack two narrow laths good preventive, as well as stimulant, Had he thought it earlier he could,
t is wet. Work them when small, with (whiteoak splints will do)' diagonally }js a liquid manure made by soakingcow have saved a dozen or so additional
': a hoe, and do this in the afternoon crossing in the middle, and tack the manure in a barrel of'water. This barrels, but the "happy idea" of mak-
when the ground is dry. Do not cross also. They should be just long liquid sprinkled on the plants, two or ing pickles did nbt occur to him until
thin out the vines until they have enough to give a rise at center of three times a week, will keep'off bugs several cart loads of cukes had growntoo
; six leaves, then ,thin down to two frame of about 3 inches. One yardof and cause the young, plants to grow.A large and had bee t thrown away.
'. vines, and when they begin to run clot!) will cover this frame, the box without top or bottom, five 'THE BEETLE.
then thin down to one vine in a I corners: being merely folded aroundto inches high and onefoot'square, madeof With a view of determining how bestto
hill. After they' commence running, one side and fastened so as to wood .or' other material, placed protect cucumbers, squashes and
", cultivatewith a "sweep" and keep prevent flopping about. The frame around the young plants as soon as melons from the common and very
( just ahead of the vines. I never dis should be pinned to the Aground by they come up, will keep off bugs. As troublesome striped bug which infests
turb the..vines at all. In stiff lands of means'of two' strings or small wires soon as the plants attain to four good them, numerous substances supposedto
i course, the cultivation must be differ- tacked to the inside of two of the leaves, they should be thinned to threeor be obnoxious to them were tried at
ent. The first time you plow the blocks and extending outside just far four plants in each hill. Unless the Ohio experiment station last ,year.
,,, melons run close around them with a enough to fasten ta the wooden pin ; the weeds or grass has made it'necces- The best success was obtained by the
diamond-pointed "scooter" and then this is 'to prevent the protectors from, nary or the ground has become packed, use of tobacco powder, the refuse
with a turner. The melon vine will blowing- over. Seed planted under no working will be necessary before packing of the cigar factories. A number .
\ start, for "it do move," and)it will go cloth in this manner need not be this time, but should commence now of barrels of this stuff was obtainedat
six inches a day, and you must keep covered niore than one eighth inch weeds or no weeds. The first workingto a cigar factory. A shovelful of the
... just ahead of the vines in your cultiva- deep, as the surface will always be be done with the hoe. Merely powder was thrown, on each hill. The
_, tion. If your melons get too full, moist, and the temperature will be clean, the hill of all foul growth and first application was made to eighty
'; sweep them out, turning back to the much warmer. also than outside of the gently break the crust some two hills on,June 12. Rains coming soon .
ends of these fibrous roots the fresh cover. Another and very important inches deep. Do not dig under the after, it. was repeated June 14, 16 and .

,,. ,
_.' -
'" ,
.. : yi.... '. '."., '; ." '
L '. '. ._, ._-'.;......: : '.'" ':".".f_'t..ot'..!.'..,..........,,.<\-.v".._...;..-,::.<.t...,., -.'''''i..!i.:...,'1JJ" ',:.i}'"'/_'}.l.:.",,",,,..".. .,,.,'h: :'" '_ ''". 0." ,...:r./," ..'.... _, ..'', .;); ...... .. ,' .., '"[:.:... ."-40.'r........,l"f:'" ':" .J..,.. ...i"t /., ,'itt; < ,.::....h'th '"' >:: ,.t .. .' ,

mm m
,. _.. '--- w__ -'_.._-------
_" -
._ ; \\\ ; "

+ :" I' ;

f .'..: ''t z

17.. The results were excellent. The To Get Early Sweet Corn you had better leave her alone, .as she
beetles seemed to dislike working in The following directions are useful Poultry. would be apt to kill some of the i
the tobacco, and the plants on all the for the soil of Florida is always cold .............- chickens, especially those that had 1
hills so treated came through in good and backward in the spring, and apt Edited by S. s. DeLANOY, Apopka Fla. just left the shell. She would be more .;. ,r
condition. Aside from its value as an to cause seed to rot. This spring it is WWWWMarch than likely to get her old sand-tracker
insecticide, the tobacco, acts as a more so than usual. : This is the month when ,over their necks and shut off their : '
mulch and fertilizer. Chemical analysis In order to be sure of planting the : everybody who owns a fine trio of wind and thus put an end to a prospective av
shows that its market value as a fertilizer right time, it is a good plan,to plant on I fowls will have the opportunity of fryer.It _
'. is_$25 per tor.CUCUMBER. three or four different dates, as some showing them at the coming South sometimes happens that an egg '.
PICKLES.. of the later planted rows of the Florida Fair. Don't be backward or which contains a live'chick will be- .
same..variety'may go ahead of those afraid that your birds are not good come capped by an empty shell,
Quite a voluminous book might be planted first. I have found it to be an enough to show. A perfect fowl is which would cause its death, either
written on the subject, so many recipes, excellent plan to sprout the seed before something that has ,never yet been by smothering or inability to break .
and very good ones, are given. One planting.. A good way to do this is to bred. Possibly yours would be the out, but fortunately ,it rarely happens.
way of preparing cucumber pickles, put the grain into a pan and pour warm first or second best of its kind present, Chicks should not be fed until twenty- i
says the New England Farmer, is to water over it. After fifteen or twenty and thus secure the prize and the pre- four hours old; nature has provided
,. pour salted water over the cucumbers. minutes pour off the water and cover mium that goes with it; so send themon their first meal by the absorption of I!
and let them ',stand twenty-four hours; the corn with a cloth of several thick- and help make the poultry show the the yolk, and all they need is to be :'
repeat the scalding on the second and nesses wet in hot water. It is well to best and largest ever held in the State. left alone and allowed to nestle under ,
third days. Use one-quarter cup of have a thick cloth in the bottom of the Coining, as it does, on the last of the hen to keep warm and gain '. ,
salt to three quarts .of water. On the pan, also, to absorb any superfluous March, it.places the breeder in a very strength. When you do start to feed, ,'+
I:", fourth morning heat enough vinegar to moisture. The pan should be set in a bad position. This being the heightof by all means avoid wet, sloppy food. ." i'
cover them, 'with',a little alum added, warm place for about thirty-six hoursor the breeding season, the breeder ,While crackers and bread crumbs '."; "
-- and turn over the cucumbers; let them until the sprouts begin to show. who wishes to furnish his patrons with moistened with milk is a good feed, it .: ,
stand until the next day. Now drain The upper cloth will need redippingin eggs from' his ,best birds cannot con- should be mixed as dry as possible, ..h :
,and put the pickles inta-jars and! cover warm water occasionally. The scientiously remove them from his and only fed in such quantities as to :::. ;
them with good,strong vinegar. Add sprouting of the.corn not only gives it breeding yard, as it would mean a loss be cleaned up at once, as wet food '
to each gallon of vinegar used onehalfcup an earlier start, but prevents the rot- of eggs from those particular birds of soon sours and if left around would '
of_white mustard seed, a small ting of the seed in case a cold, wet from three to six'weeks, to groom them soon cause bowel troubles, and, the '
piece of alum,a tablespoonful! of brown spell follows the planting. But these up, show them, and get them down to death of some of the,chicks. Crum- '\,
sugar and a few well-bruised. horseradish plans for giving the corn an early start business again after they returned bled corn bread, biscuits, potatoes,oat :
roots. Any'one who is plan- may all come to naughtby the adventof home. Moving fowls and placing meal, coarse grits, and milk to drink, .-
ning to make cucumber pickles to sell a heavy.late frost. Then the plants them in strange quarters is a sure way if you have'it, provides a good bill of ._
,, must be prepared with vines enough to that'have not quite reached the surface of stopping the egg yield, and is the ,fare and also a variety. S.' S. D.
give a generous crop daily of very o/ the soil are in the most forward method employed by some breeders
small cucumbers. Those sold in bottles condition. It.is on such occasionsthat the North to prevent their fowls from THE TROPICAL TRUNK LINE, "
and jars are, not the huge pickles the advantage of planting on sev- laying before the breeding season ,and
,which,are the only kind many people eral dates becomes 'evident. Such the demand for eggs for setting ,opensup. JACKSONVILLE ftrORIDAFLORIDA.
make, and, however eatable, do not planting should be continued until all It gives the pullets a longer timeto
meet-the requirements of the 'market. danger of frost is past. There is na mature and'the hens a better chanceto !1\\
Another good way, described by the turally a, good deal l of difference of recover from their moult, and thereis
Country Gentleman, is the folio wing:- opinion in the platter of variety.: 'no drain upon their :system when
'I', : Make a brine,of two pounds of salt to I American Agriculturist. there is no demand, for the product, LANDS ... .;'
: .
I, ,. "one gallon of water, and keep them from a fan'cier's point of view. I.' )i"'\ .
' in it'about two weeks from Tomato-Rot and ,TomatoWorm.To .
: stirring up Fowls so handled a few years would '
'1- the bottom every ,few days. Then prevent tomato-rot, set the plants probably'come to the conclusion that ORANGES :.
take them out of the brine and let far enough apart to give them their there was no'aemand for eggs during '
them lie in fresh water a day, or, if proper share of air and light. Some the winter, and would take a vacation .- '
the number does not forbid, wipe them varieties are more subject to the disease until, spring, and their descendants RESORTS :, <
off.. The object of this is, to retain than others. Acme or other would probably, inherit' the idea, and ,
;' ; ,their crispness. Those that are, not pink or purplish sorts are usually most thus create a strain-that would be any-
crisp when you take them from the easily affected. Avoid them, and plant thing but the'ideal for the market poul- INVESTMENTS i
brine should be, discarded. Use sorts that your observation tells you tryman. *

.. strong vinegar, and dilute with water, are comparatively exempt from the We are ,in hopes that every one,
as this softens them. The vinegar disease. Also avoid fresh stable man- who,can possibly spare the fowls, will DEVELOPMENTS
should be heated in a granite iron ket- ure. 'In small patches the tomato- send them, to Orlando. Look them
tIe, or unglazed ,earthen one, for salt worm can be destroyed with least trou- over closely, and be careful not to se.
and vinegar will dissolve the lead in ble by hand-picking. If you find lect'any that are disqualified according ATTRACTIONSADDRESS
the glazing of any article. Add to one worms covered with little white cocoons to the last standard, as the Asso-
,. gallon of vinegar a teacupful of sugar, leave them. The cocoons will ciation proposes to judge according. to ,
three dozen two tea. into flies which will help .
peppercorns, change you that, if possible. G. D. A.CI:ERL Y
< spoonfuls of cloves '(whole), allspiceand destroy the 'tom to-worms. In large If you have not got the latest, and I
a dozen blades of mace. Let patches you may attack the moths are in doubt as to certain points, we Ger P tssen>aer; Ag1.. f
boil i in the -- --- .......- ----
minutes that
these the vinegar five which lay the eggs produce would be willing and pleased to assist
... and then pour over the cucumbers worms. Smear flat boards with mo- you, if possible, to do so through cor. ITALIAN 'i
while it is scalding hot: Protect them lasses mixed with staled beer and a respondence. Send for a catalogueand You're the loser unless BEES i
from ,the air by haying ,the stone jar little fly-poison, and place them in ,var- premium list tcT L. Y. Way, Sec iba.sweets keep of bees nature to gather about 'I'
full, so that putting on the cover will ious parts of the field, a foot or ,two retary South Florida Fair, Orlando, Pleasant,'ou live and Keeping-I'rofttnble* to either sex, In town .'
run it over, the same, as sealing can- from the ground. Another method, or.country M. .1 EXIINS.VetuDlltkn m( J'atre Bee Book free to all Alu. I Id. r
ned fruit. The third day they shouldbe given by C. M.. Weed in "Insects and Fla.Hurrah for Orlando, March 191!
taken out, and the vinegar again Insecticides," which is especially recommended S. S. D. WOVEN :
scalded and poured over, them the for killing moths in tobacco Horse high bull
same as before. Handle them always fields, is to plant at occasional Care of Chicks. pig Make and It chicken tgm
with a wooden spoon. This process intervals in the field, seed of the .13 to 20 "
should be repeated twice after, this, Jamestown-weed(Datura Stramonium) When chicks are hatching don't in- 50 40 to styleg 60,rods A man a and day boy Catalogfree.Rldgevllle can wake.
is far better
with an interval of three days between. about the time the tobacco is put out. terfere with the hen, to KITSELMAN BROS. Ind.
- They'may taste fairly in a month, but These will come in blossom when the leave her entirely'alone until the
will be far better in three months, and moths appear. If a little fly-poison, night of the 2ist day. While that is THE IMPROVED "
in fact time, treats, them kindly, as it mixed with sweetened water and the; rule laid down by poultrymen its CrOft
" does wine-when you have them right whiskey, be poured in the long blos- hardly ever, observed. It is almost
to.start with. soms each evening, the moths that.sip impossible to resist the temptation to : INCUBATOR
.. .. the liquid will be killed. take; a peep to see if everything is going ", "' Hatches Chickens by Steam.
Absolutely self-reffulatinar.
._.-. all right. But if the hen is the I The simplest, moat reliable
: .' FOR BRONCHIAL AND ASTHMATIC COMPLAINTS bit and the fidgets as Uata. and cheapest first-class flatoher
,' A layer of leather in the iron holde least scary gets In the market. Circulars freo.
:.) ,".., remarkable, "Brown's curative Bronchial properties.Troches"have makes it cooler to use. soon as you put your hand near her, 4 genie". QUO lTJil*fc CO.,Qutnon HIr' .


J' .... .
: /

--- --..-- -,------- -,_._---- -, J,_ I "" ..... _.-.r .--- -.-. !
--------- -
" J- :oT"---

-, .. ,, ",' -.,. .,-. ..,,". ,, ,L' .. ... .... .- -!'
:; /t: ; : ? pj '1.r. :y'"C'rTv ."". : '.- .'. .. '. "'w\. ';"1i)1t..?.;;... "P ; _T"'" ...' '" ''"> '.....'. ;. ; .t.1. < __.>L._
--.---- .-- '"'.''?_ | '"-irfffiih fi r S'liittaiaMiMMMMIIifcfl iMljfcjaiilJliStiaifiiltilf'aiartT-ii in i 'mrfiin iMrun iliiiil ma --'" i Jiifi.!' "--r* mi >, t "..-. ..'. _,_, ****"" taBHg -"t ,_ _,___1_"_'*k ;. 't *, a f"
d Th; ;;::: ':I? ;," -syj : /<-H :? :-r'' :) .c .'1 r'V.:.': .:;- ,' : C.', .,:

- -' ', .''*. ,'" ", .' > f'162 ,\. "' c.' ,!/'/ "' ', % : : :

c ,,. "
f, .,


.' .
." ry
[ .
-StateNews.' Our Rural Home. the setting of plants,but gentle hint to I Awarded .
him whose duty it is (and whose pleasure Highest 'Honors-World's Fair,

-- it ought to be) to perform the
Manatee county has begun to assist Edited by MINNIE GILMORE MILLS, heavier labor of the'lawn and flower- DR;

Orange county to recover from her ......... St. Thomas. Fla. garden ; for there is much to be done
great loss. A gentleman from that Planning the Flower-yard- that few women are physically able to

section carried up a great quantity of perform-be they ever so willing.
( and lemon For Our Rural Home: And while
budding wood of orange I winter lingers in the
f from our river last week.-Braiden- Although the unusual cold weather lap of spring let women be contentto

.'. town Journal. prevents:: us doing anything for our read the floral catalogues and do

:. flower-yards except plan, or, possibly, the planning-otherwise they be
Mr. Fred. B. Ludlow, at Marco, has shrubs : may CREAMBAlIN"
in and make some few changes-when enjoying la grippe later, instead of
i: thirty acres pineapples, some
must be taken and transplanted be-
time in the near future they will bring up their flowers. M. G. M. '
fore they 'have began to, new .
: him if don't.
r $600 an acre-see they
(-. Just that and will find growth-yet we may indulge ourselvesin MY DEAR MRS. MILLs-The: seeds
up you
looking over the spring floral catalogues came safely to hand and 'of
h.;: that it pays to raise pines on the west a part
) Press. to our hearts' content. each are consigned to Mother earth,
f- coast.-Fort Myers Few of us, I fancy, feel able to with the hope they will rise in the POWDER
Mr. C. p. Fuller has made nineteen
purchase the plants and seeds we
I ? beauty of their glory and' delight the
I( barrels of good wine from frozen oranges would like this year, but we may obtain eyes and hearts of many who behold MOST PERFECT MADE. '

it and other parties about eleven new varieties by exchanging with them.I have, a large clump of the A pure Grape Cream of Tartar Powder. Free'

! barrels more, This wine sells readily friends, and a wild flower bed may be Madame Crozy Canna growing in a from Ammonia, Alum! or any other adulterant.

p.: for one dollar a gallon, which means made which, for those who have never corner near the greenhouse and on. 40 YEARS THE STANDARD.the .

! $1,500 realized by the people of that had one, will be a source, of much each side of it (the canna) is an umbrella
section from an apparently worthless pleasure. The perennials that we are
plant ( A.) and in front
cyperus No. is
refuse. Braidentown yellow puff-ball type. 2012
Journal. fortunate enough to since the
possess of all this lies an oblong bed bordered the shade for the chick and
;: A recent trip along the river and two freezes will be pronounced treas- with red alternantherus) and in the proper for the '' A
2150 tiny pink'legs. ,spot
Lake Worth shows that the pines are ures, and probably more attentionwill center-massed-nugget of gold, mar-
of black for the makes
: '.- about as badly affected by,the cold at be paid them than heretofore.The igold and don't know what 2000, 'eye a
you a mag- chicken anda few
...,. all points south as they are at East few new plants I propse to getas nificent sight it was all summer long.I very threads bright the looking Asiatic, filo'with,
Melbourne. We believe the old sort of compensation for untold yellow ,
have and
roses cape jessamines which the chicken is worked the
; plants that are two or three years old sacrifices inside the house-will be bordering all around two lovely large' finishes the' for
will nearly all rattoon but the perennials. Has one succeeded fringe doily.
': ; crop any lawns which Mr. A. takes much pridein Another
of the
:' this year is gone, of course.Titus. well in Florida with perennial phlox ? keeping close cut. His natural comical doily may have one
:, ville Star. It costs nothing to plan, and thoughone 'pictures so often seen of a
taste is of a very neat order and the chick just kicking off the broken,shell
.4.: Captain A. Trainer is having all the may have a fine show of flowers, place shows it.In my greenhouseare and still another will represent the in-
t; scrub palmetto around town chopped even when they are thrown together, ferns otaheite
; : my palms, oranges, quisitive chicken peering inth the discarded -
r down and the taken hit or'miss.-for it is hard to put flowers
i: roots up, which primroses, revinia humulis, feverfew, shell. Work the shells with
he is in kiln for the out of place, if a little thought is
: burning a prepared Paris daisies, etc. I also start my 2004 in either Asiatic filo or Roman
f5 purpose,and will use the ashes on hisi' given to regularity of arrangement the seed there in boxes, for outdoor plant floss. Others of the doilies may show
effect is much more pleasing. Still,I
; grove. It is claimed that the palmetto ing later on. birds of various kinds, or group of
.. fi,.:;.,: root contains a large per cent- object to a Florida garden haying a MRS. A. without nests. Three of the blue
age of potssh. -Orange City ,,Dis- "set":: or studied appearance; there, is .
the robin'may be pictured in
patch. too much of an "institution" look Doilies for Easter. eggs '
one corner'with a few threads of the -
I The water works company have about ribbon beds, stars, crescents, I For Our Rural Home. '

decided that the rates for grove irriga- etc., to be in keeping with a "rural While you are preparing for Faster same Robin in the red fringe breast:
tion be ten cents per one thousand home" garden here. gifts do not forget to make a set,, of of may occupy
gallons of water to all parties who use The old-fashioned flowers are in the doilies for your friend who delights in 'corner floss another doily using Roman .

:. twelve hundred gallons per tree or ,in lead again, but where will we 'see the entertaining the "favored few" at 2123 and 2124 for the brown

t::,: excess thereof, and fifteen cents per tall hollyhocks,, blue larkspurs, the dainty lunches or five o'clock teas. part The and red 2092, 2093 for the breast.?
silk be used in the
i one thousand gallons to all parties purple and the white day lilies, the'flowerdeluce" They may be. used all through the may

i a who use less than twelve hundred gal of olden times ? I year but will be especially appropriateat fringe.Asiatic By using all silks dyed with
dyes danger of fading is
Ions tree.-Orange City Times. have never seen the fleur-de.lis'here- Easter times if decorated as follows: ,
avoided. Directions for
. does it flourish-the old mottled variety Use fine linen, frnging about three-, washing come .
Mr. Forster, of Orchid, was'in town with the silk, which, if followed, will
? -And among all the amaryllis, fourths inch at the'edges. Of course
the first of,the week and brought insure the color the
lasting as long as
crinums and the size be 'varied suit the
with him a sprig of an orange limb zephyranthes pure the may to material.
with leaves and blooms it. This white fragrant day lily-Funkia sub- taste. If;' they are'six inches square
upon E. .
cordata=with its broad leaves will be boiled
seems they very dainty to fold
t speaks well for his section. We also Fla.
c learn that the groves of Merritt's island wanting. I think it has been called eggs in when they are placed in the .

: and on Banana river are putting out plantain lily by same florists. If it is basket or dish for the table. Now for Very pretty doilies for Easter pres-

bloom, so that Indian river :will certainly i cultivated in .Florida it will be takenas the decoration. Jri I\: the ,corner of one ents are those described by Mrs.

?.- have some the coming a favor if I am' informed of the fact. work with green Asiaticfilo No.x2o83 Merryman this week, and to one in- '

t. winter.-Titusville oranges Star. As it likes the sunshine it ought to4 do a bit of grass with a tiny sparrow'snest terested in fancy work the labor of

:' well here. The name indicates Hem- Nos. 2582 and 2583 will repre- making will be light. When gifts are

'fi- Lee county seems to have escapedthe orocallis. The handsome evergreen, sent the dried grass for the nest. made by the hands 'of the giver, they

freeze luckily. Mr. W. C. Battey, Cherokee rose, with its snowy single Work three small white eggs with tiny have a two-fold value, neither one
' the well known real estateTnan of Fort blossoms, will come in now. for a brown spotsof No. 2582 in the nest. suggestive of dollars and cents.

:_.' Myers, came up to Bartow on Monday larger share of admiration. Its small, A few threads of the'green silk tied in One hates to think-as she unwrapsthe
last and with him lot of
!I brought a g'reentwigs glossy leaves are as green as ever, the fringe will improve the corner. papers carefully from, a package

;: and good oranges. He says there while Marechal Neils and LaFranceare The second doily may have abrown brought in the, mail, or express, "Now

; hasbeen little or no damage done to completely denuded of foliage, branch worked with Roman floss No. she really should not afford such cost-

t, the citrus trees, and that there will be and many supposed to be even more 2556 across the corner. A robin's nest ly'''presents, in fact she could not, yet

a big crop of oranges in that county hardy are apparently dead._ The first may be worked with some of the she thought I'd expect something nice.

this year.-Bartow C.-I. freeze did not kill Mary Washingtonor brown floss and a lighter shade No. While all the time one is saying: "Blessme

White City is by no means dead yet. Marechal Neil here, but.the second 2553. In it work four blue eggs dear heart how well she loves me!

I I visited the park, and it certainly has may have, done so. I have a white using Asiatic filo No. '2271. A few and yet a letter written by her own

*::. not lost all its'beauty. There are still climbing rose, very fine, of which I threads of the brown silk may be put hands I would value more."

L::' ., 100 farmers and gardeners at Whii'vCity. ', do not know the name, that 'is per- in the fringe of the corner. A little note from a sincere friend,

( .. They had their vegetables killed fectly green.A In the third doily put a plover's nest neatly written, tells more of the friendly -
y- twice, but they have planted again. correspondent in one of the of coarse grass and sticks, using feeling of the donor, often than a

Beans ,are just coming up, and they Southern States shows so much taste Roman floss Nos. 2460 and 2462. costly gift sent without a'kind message.

'are setting out tomatoes, beets and in mingling colors in a.flower-bed thatI Three pointed eggs spotted .brown As the season of Lent is here, then

?4 other vegetables. I had ripe strawberries quote from her letters, hoping she and white complete this sketch. The is no time to lose if one would have

to,eat'while I was in'White City.- will forgive the liberty., There is not threads for the fringe may be of 2462. these surprises for our kindred and

r Titusville Advocate. only a pretty suggestion in regard to One doily may have a chicken of friends, of our own manufacture, ready
;;; '


\ ,

;1?,,'; ',<, ..\r MrV"!J,' "' "" > J\\'!;"" '" k"'} ,f;[.i-.r1fiQj.'riit\: :? ';;-" )o'v., :\\.l.I' ,...... "' ,... : ,' ,-, ..-- '. l'' .. \ ." '''"'''
; :;: : ', ;:C'>:,,1' '\' ,,' : ':: ', :: ; :)
:r': :, r': >r ;t'7 z':,,:: ,, : > ; : : : ( '" :

, .,,'. 1 1J
: ,: \ .... '
: : "


, -r', ,

steam, or poultices of flaxseed or roast An Immense stock of

When Chills ed onions. WE: 0 E r HAVE E, HEALTHY POT-GROWN Guavas, Eugenlas, !
Cotton should not habitually be I Camphors, Palms, Gardenias, Olea Fragrans,
You Fever worm-wedged into the ear; for the rea- Magnolia Fuscata. and thousands 'of other ''S
Feel Malaria son that the air passage is thus closed, desirable plants, trees and shrubs adapted to all parts of Florida. Write 'J
for our prices.
; Shaky May have chosen causing the, secretions of the ear ''to i P. J. BEUCIOIANSFRUITLAND j
you as a victim. flow more slowly or very little, and y yI.
NURSERIES, Augusta, Georgia. f
;\" You may ache all
thus causing an unnatural and disagreeable -
:. over, feel tired and run down, T I'
may have Indigestion, Constipation and perhaps' injurious dryness.As .
and Biliousness. Know that however, many cases of acute au. Orange Trees I J
Wintersmith'sTonic ral trouble have resulted from bathing,

has been and especially from diving and plunging
W Inter=. ness used, in!"GeneralDebility Weak- in salt water, it is a wise precaution Lemon Trees I !k

Smith's Indigestion tp plug the ears with cotton at
B Ill such times. r

l I Chill \/ great'success iousness,, with Constipation ; To Tell Fresh bSI Fish The Old Reliable Buckeye Nurseries.

TonicTones for 30 years. Fish that are not fresh generate a t tI
poison in the system that lead to
Cures may have on hand the finest lot of stock I have ever grown of all the standard va-
serious sickness and skin diseases. In
rieties. I have a specially fine lot of TardifF and Jaffa IU two-year buds, from five 4
You up. form Every and ,variety purchasing'' fish it' is'a good, plan to to seven feet high. I recognize the fact that it's/: hard times, and propose to sell at
ofMalaria see that the flesh is firm If an indention hard time prices. I make a specialty of the King Orange. .

acts as a splendid Tonic, i made by the finger remainsin Write for prices.
Tones the System and makes I the article it should never be used.It M. E. GILLETT, Prop.,

you cheerful and ", is also a good ,plan to see that the Weirsdale' Ela.

The Druggists.well Sold by all eyes are plump and gills red. ,These r

Medicine latter tests are not, however,infallible, With An Egg. Ironing:I a Sheet. I t

of Known ARTHUR PETER&CO., for'the reason that when fish get:old Following the request last. ,week| for Try folding sheets so that they may ,
Wholesale Agts. the dealers cut their heads off, and some! editorial rules for cooking came,the be ironed with but little trouble.
Merit. LOUISVILLE, KY. some of them, paint the gills so dexterously suggestion from a very young house- First double''them 'crosswise so that :
that the keeper, not yet out of her teens, that ''it
purchaser might the sides shall be ''turn i
would be convenient to have some rules right together,
easily be deceived. for cooking with one egg, then more with. back the hems so that they will be :
for Easter. Come again, Mrs. M. 'Dr. Mary Green claims'that turtle is, two eggs,etc. For her benefit and others, even with the' fold first, made, then !
What would be more unique than not a hygienic food at all, notwithstanding who do not have a full basket of eggs, or double lengthwise of the seam; ''iron

:,, : a palmetto booklet, and suggestive ,in that its., praises have been had rather turn some of their eggs into each outside where the hem is, press j f
." be souvenir? for Lobsters should money, the following recipes are given:I
!. many ways-to kept as a sung ages alwaysbe FLOUR PANCAKES. out the edges and the inner part will ;

.;. On the pages.might be inscribed.pretty boiled-alive.. Two cups of flour, one saltspoonful;, of be pressed enough-in most cases f
master verses They are made Dy ) .- salt, one half cup of sugar, one teaspoonful : entirely'smooth.
;, ', -.- several contributors to OUR RURAL" A Black Silk 'Petticoat.The of baking powder. Mix: all together I ..

:, .. HOME. black silk petticoat is an,indispensable then .add one well beaten, egg, three-
fourths of 'milk and I always have a feeling of pity for
of Lent is cup enough more :
t ,\;:' Speaking it.not, a good factor in the wardrobe'
:;" ; flbur to :make a stiff barter or one'that the woman who has'only heavy iron
sr; :' ";1.:,:. thing to take a retrospective view ofT every well-dressed woman. It may be will not soak fat. Scrape from the spoon' tea kettle which must be lifted i
, ,:.' : our lives, now and then, and to regard made with gored front breadth,. one, carefully so, as not to make "sprangles" n times else many
.l"i.-I the season as something more than a width of silk cut diagonally to.make the edges of the cakes. Fry in deep fat. a day, or many 'steps'must
be taken back and forth .
, rest from gaietyparty-giving and party- side the 'for Serve with jelly or lemon, sauce. carrying j
I gores, same ,arrangement -
in Lincoln!
CUSTARD water a dipper.-Mrs.
I going, and other fashionable follies ? the gores next the back and then one Line a plate with nice paste. Beat one

;: From a sanitary; as well as a moral straight breadth for the' immediateback. egg, add a cup of milk, one tablespoonfulof I

;; stand-point, lenten regulations'should In,putting on to a band, leave, sugar, pour into the pie ,and grate a [. !-
not be, entirely disregarded. Our the belt at least one and a half fingers I little nutmeg over the top. Bake so,thata fI f-
", __ *physical well being depends, some- longer than the distance around the strong heat will come on the lower

,' times, on 'abstinence for a season from waist and to the under-side of :the part. RAISED i MUFFINS.

. rich foods, and particularly too much placquet lap stitch a piece of silk Scald one cup of milk and cool it. Add I ., ilFACTS .&.
'; meat; and this is the proper' season to double. Attach this,to the belt at the one-half,teaspoonful of salt, one teaspoonful II"'f" : <<; "

enforce 'such a rule in behalf of the, upper edge, taking care that it hangs of sugar, one egg, onequarter1yeast FROM THE'' FACTORY.The .

body. properly, so as not to drag the skirt.I cake, and enough flour to make a drop Page is the only clastic fence made,
batter. ,When risen add a l large tablespoon and requires special wire. Our contracts for
The moral and 'physical welfare go The piece may be about three inches, of butter melted. Put into' the manufacture of this wire cover many

hand in hand. Without fanaticism, wide at,the lower end of the 'placquetand. pans,. let.rise again and bake. the thousands purpose.of, tons The, ,Superintendents all guaranteed of the to suit largest '

be temperate in the offices of both soul several wide at'the.. top, to fill the CARD GINGERBREAD. mills in,the country have spent days at
and One-half: cup of butter, one-half cup of our factory studying our particular,needs.
body. belt extension. In the disagreeable
this : -
way This wire costs more than the common article,
It may be said, with good reason, accident of having the skirt sour milk, one cup of brown sugar, one which could not be used if furnished'ifree.
'one-half teaspoonful of soda :one
egg, Our complete fence costs the farmer less than
that in view of recent misfortunes, no part,in the back will be avoided. teaspoonful of ginger\ one-fourth teaspoonful he can buy the wire of which it is made and
one but a fanatic would wish to' en- of; salt. Add one-half ,tablespoonful l is the cheapest in the end.
force strict dietetic rules. Yet, using STATE OP,Omo, CITY, OF'TOLEDO, }SS of water and three scant cups of PAGE WOVEN WIRE FENCE CO.,'AdfianMich..

common sense, and with some consideration LUCAS COUNTY. .siftedflour. 'Beat the butter to a cream,
FRANK J. CHENEY'makes oath that he add the' sugar, then the salt ''and ginger, '
for the of the times
."' exigencies is the senior partner of.'the firm of 'J J1.] J. now the egg well beaten. Dissolve the W.L.UDOLJCLASsuu
lenten rules apply equally well to people CHENEY & Co., doing? business in the pity soda'>into the water and stir into the 1 ISTHE BEST.
'of all creeds, at this season of the of Toledo,County and State aforesaid, and, sour milk and add to the mixture in thebowl. ea. FIT FOR A KINO.a .
that the said firm will, pay the sum of < Beat the,flour in gradually. Takeonehalf !";' $ CORDOVAN ;
year.Remember 'is threefold to'our ONE HUNDRED DOLLARS for each and the dough and roll out about fhlfi'iif ','., FRENCH&.ENAMELLED
i. ,_ duty of Catarrh that cannot be cured half inch'thick.' Cut in and ':;
' every case an squares lij\\ij\ijF 11iillj: 43 sp FINE CALF&KANGAROOI
God, our neighbor, and ourselves.ED. oven. \ \!F 1IIi
by the use of HALL'S CPTARRH CURE. bake about eight minutes in a ,t\, ':I!! $3.so POLICE,3 SOLES
O. 'R. H.
," .. -....--- Sworn to before,me' and subscribed' in One cupful of indian meal, one-half ':".'\\\i\1.. '". ", ,\; ; ,60Z... WORKINGMEt1.S: .
'.., my presence, this '6th day' of December, cupful of raisins, one quart of milk, one- i\i T':'":: *2.I7.BOYS'SCHOOLSHOE5
,: ,' The Earache. A. D. 1866. half teaspoonful of cinnamon, one cup- ,
Many of the current cures for earache r A.-W.- GLEASON' ful of molasses, one-half teaspoonful of .a' 'JWVJDIES-

". advise the dropping of various { SEAL. } Notary Public., salt, one egg, one-half teaspoonfnl of gin- { :> $3$258ESDONGOLq.

/ into the One of the ,>>
substances ear. ger.Place : SEND FOR CATALOG\ :
\ J the milk in a double boiler, and .L"DOUGLAS.DRoolcroNriass. .
best specialists of the day pronouncesthis Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken'internally when it is scalding hot, add the meal, +_o' : ."
''usually an unadvisable procecU and acts directly on the blood and mucoussurfaces and stir constantly until there are nol Over One Million' People"wear the
ire/" and in the place of such reme-: of the system. Send for testI- l lumps. Cook' for twenty minutes, turn W. L. Douglas $3& $4 Shoes

dies prefers the application of warmthto monials, free. ? into a pudding dish, and add the other : All our shoes are equally satisfactoryThey '
of the either F. J. CHENEY & CO., Toledo, 0. i ingredients, except' the egg. Stir well, I give the best value for the'money.I .
the region ear, by dry '' has cooled add the custom .hoes In fit.
jfgirSold by Druggists, 75c. and when the,mass I They equal style and
,' heat in the form of heated flannel, cot- --....... beaten egg. 'Bake for an hour in a rather I Their wearing qualities.are.. unsurpassed.
: : The prices are uniform, stamped on 1010.I .
: ton, wool, bagsof hops, bran or meal, Dr. Price's Cream' Baking Powder 'slow oven, and'serve hot.-Our Grange I Prom $i to $3 saved over other makes.If .
a or by cloths wrung .out of hot water World's Pair Highest Medal'and Diploma. Home, your dealer cannot supply you we can,



.. .-- --" --.. '-"-, -, ..-._-,.._,- ,-.----c.. .. ..- ,..-- ,;'''- ''- -.' ... -, .. .._-"-,-,--'-', 1'; ," .. _,

""' I "..".J'...... ,' ;....,... ..'._._ ... ..- -r--77 V-
.....j .. ..... .,..I'__ 11 .. .. ; "VV .. ,
.r. ,. ." .
1 ..". '':"> '' .
". "" '' '
->,< ":" < .!

I '. :. :, ': ; ;' '' ': a '" r '*,- 'r-_ *'" _*;"{- 1 ryrV %A'iV?},''."; ';r, "' *' '
;f > "
: .' ,, q ;:, '

f fl:;:..,<. 154. '. THE :FLORIDA: FARMER AND 'FBUITOROWEB.I . .- :,'

'.I '... .. __ _"________n_______.____" _
/ :... -
, :I TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION Mr. E. W. J. Parrish, of'Fruitland, l large enough to contain an inch or to human action, for no one could\ be '
'.' For One Year ..... .........................82.00 in interview with the Gainesville two,of earth all around there can be more drowsy indolent than the Es
1:.: '. Nor Six Months..... ..u........u.... .....1.00'' an
, t:Yt- '" In' Foreign Countries ..... .................. 3.00 Ledger, outlines a plan that has been but little doubt that they would have, quimau. Slavery had a great influencein
; S Subscriptiona! in all cases cash in formed in his neighborhood to lift the survived. making men go easy in the south,
);t. advance. No discount allowed on one's orange growers out of the slough of The capital mischief is done closeto though there can be no question that
X' own subscription(except in a club), but to despondency in which they have been the ground, just as in California a there are some sections on the Gulf
all liberal cash will
jr. be allowed agents a on all subscriptions commission obtained placed by the loss of"their orange crop complete ring of bark is burned off by coast where the humidity of theatmos-, ,

4:. .' by them. Write for terms. and the damage to their trees by the the hot' winds,of summer within a few phere has a depressing effect on men.
.:., To every new subscriber we will send, recent freeze. The plan, which looks inches of the surface.If But we have often seen men pick as

.": feasible, and which promises success, the trunks could have been many oranges or handle as much lumber .

: scribers, at $2.00 each, we will send is none other than the establishment ofa saved we do not believe that even the in a day-as anyone would in the
A.,J. '::.c. postpaid, a copy of Moore's "Orange. I canning factory by "a*Mr. LaBree. phenomenal cold of this season could North, or grapple with a wild steer by .
"( ,Culture." Nearly every man in the neighborhoodhas have destroyed the tops beyond the the horns and nostrils and throw him "
:,.,. Rates of advertising on application. prepared ground and will plant power of the trees to replace them ina to the ground with as much herculean -
.: ;Remittances should be made by check vegetables and other crops, which he year or two. muscle as wa'S ever exhibited in ,
:. postal note, order or registered
j: 4 .V money
'-r"" letter to order of .. will carry to the factory to be cannedon We read that one grower saved a colder climates.
:ry.;:... FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER!.' shares, just as farmers in the olden number of young trees by bending, The vast rock road system of ancient

".{", Jacksonville. Fla. times had their meal and flour groundat them over and covering them with Rome .on which the imperial
: the neighboring mill. earth. It would be easier to have couriers swept through the' provinces

I :i:': NOTICE I 4 boxes provided with one side, left off, in their chariots a hundred miles a

., Trees-A to be tacked on when placed around day; the colossal l achitecture which, is' .
: of this Protecting the Suggestion.Have '
r' If you receive a copy the tree, and fill them with earth, the wonder of the world today, were
f.. : paper which you did not order, the American people com- regularly'--every fall. built in a hot climate. No exhibitionof
i consider it an invitation to sub- mitted a tremendous mistake in plant- human muscle and bottom.could be

1: scribe. If you do not want it, ing oranges in Florida, only to find the Energy in the South.A more magnificent than the duello"of '

W ,. kindly hand it to a neighbor.CONTENTS. groves .in this exceptional year in, writer in the New York Tribune the old gladiators or of the bull fightersof

''I .' great part swept away by the cold relates his experience in a voyage Spain. '. .'
down to a much lower latitude thanis down the Pacific coast from San Fran-, ,
#IL" usually assigned to the orange cisco to Panama. He was determinedto "Brace,Up." -

t:::' GROVE AND ORCHARD-How to Exterminate belt ? Had we better abandon ;the see the country, and at each port Editor Farmer and FruitGrower.A oJ :
.: The.White Fly ; How to Cope With the field to Jamaica and Italy and Cali touched he would hire boat and fire has Florida thereis .
Red Scale...............................".. 147 a go swept over :=
'.' r The Best Tree For a Wind Break...........; 149 fornia ? ashore.- The intolerable laziness of no denying that, and the injury doneis

:. THE Foreign VINEYARD-Notes Grapes' .....on....Grape........Culture.......... 149 Dp the people of the North ask the oarsmen greatly irritated him at quite serious; more 'serious than
... FARMER AND TRUCKER-Points on Melon themselves any such a question when first, but as he went further down the i many care tx> acknowledge, ,waiting .

;... .". To Culture Get Early; Growing Sweet Cucumbers Corn ...' ..for....Pickles........; 151 150 they plant peach trees, which, at the coast he began himself to experiencethe and hoping for the best. But it is.wise.
.:, POULTRy-For the South Florida Fair; Care best,will survive the hostile conditions Mexico. The ,
.r" : of Checks............................'...... 151 drowsylanguor'of when.calamity comes-especially when I
y.I," OUR RURAL HOME-Planning. the Flower- only five or six years-often only two ..conclusion of his story is as-follows. it is one that nope.could foresee or pre-
.... ............
Yard ; Doilies for Easter ; 152 or three-and which the terrible win- "I was determined to' see as muchof vent -to- look over the. situation and
; The Earache ; To Tell a Fresh Fish ; A '
11< ', Black Silk Petticoat; With an Egg; Ironing ters not infrequently freeze dead to the the country as possible however so find how to remedy. the evil far
.Ii'thv; a Sheet......................... ......153 heart ? as as
11;'."" EDITORIAL-Protecting the Trees-A Suggestion at the next place I again hired a native I possible. One says his ,orange trees.c.
,rt;: ,. ,, ;j' Energy In The South; Brace Up... 134 Do the people of California propound to row me ashore. I took an umbrella --. are all killed and he. is choppingthem ,' _
'ra Letter From Fort Ogden Market!" Oranges
; ; 155
::;:::,. Our, St. Louis Letter ; Tribulations of a any such questions .when theyat this time, and was weak .enough down and will_ plant more .in their
....'.,- Florida Grower; The Saw Palmetto...... 156 enormous construct ditches it shield from the of f -
expense to use as a while another' his :::
; .., Fruit Trees in Wet Ground; Growth of The trays places, : says grove.: ---
:.'",'." .:...... '. .- ::c. Fertilizer; Business.......... ............. 157 100;' 150; 200' miles long, "winding the\tropical sun. Arriving on shore, is utterly ruined and he is glad of .it.
Packing Louisiana Flowers;' Pear Blight; Orange-Let Growing it Alone..... 158 with many turns down the sides of the I walked leisurely as far as the post- Now one of these men is all right; the ,

mountains, carried in wooden flumes I offic .and back to the boat. Then I" other may be:? probably he is not.
Weather, in Jacksonville. around the face of rocky promontories, sat down on the pier, smoked cigar- There is more money in oranges than

I borne across canyons on trestles a hun- ettes and watched the lazy' motions of there is ,,in wheat, and yet men: con:1::1
a. E3 ao q 3'dj:: dred feet high and.built crooked like a the natives rowing barges piled high tinue, generation: after generation plowj: ,J
S = .
DATE. t'd a .... ;.... to avoid being thrown down with of
00 00 serpent bags coffee out to the ship, ing and sowing and reaping, and in.the,
,, Feb. 26..-.......-49- 63- -75 46- -29 60- -0 by the wind, and all this. merely to Irrigate and,the empty back to the"shore again. end they attain competence and. ..
,- Feb. 27. ........ 53 54 72 47 25 60 0 their orchards ? Very few of the other passengers had round out a happy and useful life. I
Feb. 69 76 51 64
Mch. I......... 6 67 76 54 25 22 6.\ 0 oT Do the Italians spend any time de come ashore'at this place. Why ? Not because wheat does not fail, ,
Meh. 2......... 63 55 72 55 17 64 .' .93 bating such 'a question when couptry ;
Mch. 3 ..... 40 54 S9 40 19 50 .02 they "My determination, see the for it does quite frequently; no, it is
'.' Mch. f.......,... 45 .60 67 4(2 25 54 0 cqnstruct walls of solid masonry to had not quite all vanished when simply because the wheat-grower sticksto

Mean .......51.360.371.047.723.1596- - -.,95 protect their orange trees or gridirona the anchor was' dropped at the next his plow, and in the end overcomes
*Total rainfall citron orchard with mats and screensto port, and once more I hired a nativeto all his difficulties..
E. R. DEMAIN Observer. break the force of the mountain take me ashore.: When we arrived The tiller of the soil in Florida has

p. winds,? The Italians receive much I there I simply sat down in a shady no reason to be completely over-
The growers will have a chancenow less for,their citrus fruits than do '
our spot' and smoked cigarettes. My resentment thrown. Admit that his trees are
to do some good work on the growers in Florida. at the laziness of the natives killed, for the sake of argument-tho

roads in preparation for the heavy I One may reply that, our irrigating had all vanished., I said to myself : i if( such be the fact it is not definitely
crops of oranges which will grow after ditches and our stone walls are foundin 'This talk about energetic people coming proven-yet there is lots of things he \'

awhile. ..G our fertilizer bills and our trans- down here.and making money rap- I I can raise to ''an advantage while he is .

:': The nerve of the South Florida fair portation charges; and that we can idly is all right-for talk. But the 'starting another grove. And ,if he

.', managers in offering premiums of stand no further expense to fight the man who is able to withstand the enervating learns that he can raise good ,hay hereas

: double the original size, on'account of blizzard. Well\ how about that ?v influence of this hotand cheaply as they can ,a thousand
", the freeze, is much to be commended Is there'in fact, any human power murky air must be made of energy, so miles away, the loss of his grove will I

.' and ought to meet, with a response that will" save the trees in such an exceptional that when his vigor was gone he would prove a blessing in disguise. Our far-

: from the people. It is one of the winter ? Probably not, whole disappear.' mers say we cannot have good stock !!
:': few evidences that Florida has ever lybut we believe there are many things General Forrest, of Confederatefame because it costs too much to import: P.
:: offered of a bold and liberal public yet to be learned in orange culture, was,once asked what were the hay from the ,north. And yet alfalfa
:: : spirit. and surely the magnificent Florida conditions, success in a battle. He will produce twice as much hay to the
P.4 orange is worth a strong and a long replied in his own inimitable way, acre as the farmer raises who sends his
, The: editor of the Marion\ Times' fight to save it. "To get thar furst with the most men, hay to Florida to find a market. Those

,?,7 manages a tax-paying department for Now} here is one suggestion whichwe and stay thar the longest." On an- who have tried know that just as fine'j
absentees, and he says in his paper: merely throw out to elicit opinions.We other occasion, in battle, he exhortedhis stock can be raised here as ever seen.
The number who express a desire: to believe that our great safety and men "to stand it as long as you There is a cow and her calf in this a

::, sell is much smaller this year than last refuge is not in walls or.in screens, can, boys-them that stands it the town to-day, both natives, that might

, ;. ', and other previous years. The extremely but in, the earth itself. To particularize longest,whips" with credit be exhibited at any north
,: cold winter, coupled with :' :Most of the bearing trees There was no lack of energy about ern fair. ,How does it happen? Why'
i:." hard times in almost every section off that; have been killed this year have General N. B. Forrest, and General they have simply had the same care t
'::,: -'the United States,, has made those who been killed near the groundwithintwo Hood and many others of the great that northern cattle have.
'; own in Florida anxiQus feet of it. Now if these .
property more ; trunks captains of the South. 'So while we are raising'new. groves
f.;,:"" than ever to hold on.to it. I had been. encased in 'board boxes Cold is not necessarily a stimulant suppose we try for a. little good healthy \.
.,J.., ... .'

",*.. ,p ...., .
., .. -, .. .
." :" .,. .. ".
.: ,,. << : : ." :'t> ; '-" : '. -.. "' : '" .' "
: : .'.. .. J' .: ./: { / .
.. "t
';." "h".. .;" .1. ", f. i I. .. ;;! '- o 4. .L
;.(" -' "..);[;1::..' 'rm'. .'M.-.,'C,...:.i'.,;.",,';'-"'"-'"!' :' "_-._ $ f '>>,
_ I

... .... ,. .. '" .- -. -. -- --.;:.-.-- '''"-. .. .. .........;.:.:c.-. -_-.-.... 'f\-t ..... ..J. \ _!. ,1 ''';;:;)
no < ,. .. .
---1' ,
>or' .. -. : .. .. .... ':.:'. ;.:'-". ''.'Ii!> h- ": ;'> r''r :'/ ;;;' If- '. .. '::: .'.:";:; '-" '" '. ., :: .'lTk.. >::;,:':.. .., .]:.....'..' ''. '. ._ ". );" ',",'.'. .' "'f'." .":: ....; ':'", ::.," ."'/, "' ,.' .1'c"r;,. ,




!:.. stock. Of course it is admitted that bridge over these. Guavas, banan'as DAVIDSON': : &. CO. ". .'
where a grove is killed it will be replanted and grapefruit will be in demand

at once. It will never do! to this year. The grape fruit trees are COMMISSION MERCHANTS.

act as dip! the ancient tillers of the soil not damaged but little, but they had

around St. Augustine. St. .Johns bloomed out and the '''last freeze killed HEADQUARTERS FOR FLORIDA FRUITS. 1

county was once covered.with groves, the bloom.
and the late Mr. Allen-an estimable Florida is the same to-day.: Thereis ORANGES, LEMONS, PINEAPPLES, EARLYiVEGETABLES OF ALL KINDS .,..1
No. 20 West Front Street, Cincinnati Ohio. <<
citizen who died recently at the age of always something to fall back on

-- ninety-stated that he has seen as high and we can plant the entire year- .. --. -.

as forty vessels in this harbor' at one irish and sweet potatoes, corn,rice, peanuts ,fTmeu.eee.e..o.e..e. risks

time.loading with oranges. Of course melons'and vegetables for homeuse Beans of, ;

the vessels were small in those days, and, some to spare. Any one can '
the earliest I
':' but nearly alh of them were from New who will try. Plant chufas and field of all the Wrinkled Peas the best Dwarf and Cabbage decidedly the best I
IQrown of the Marrowfats the best early and late Squashes the best mar
York. But there well and sell for
just sixty years ago peas ;; they produce ; ket Carrot. the earliest Red and the very best of all the Yellow I
came a big freeze that completel) two; dollars bushel and besides you Unions. We offer these and numerous other varieties, Including
several valuable new Vegetables, In our Vegetable and Flower I
i wiped out of existance every tree in can have plenty of pork. An old and S ee d Seed Catalogue for 1895. Sent free. I
J. J. II. GREGORY & SON, Itlnrblehead, Mass
this section, and.the orange growers, true adage is, the darkest time is just m99999i999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999 m

J thinking the end of the world had Before day. Take for your watchword I '

I come, sat down tOchew the cud of vim, and success is.assured.F. : PET:: IIBUa..GPENN"SYLV! : : .A.J.\TX.A.. ,

bitter disappointment, and that was '- C. M. BOGGESS. .

:. '. about all they did for some thirty years, Ft. Ogden,'Fla.flarkets.. :Brother & Co. ESTABLISHED .:%,

when the sick yankees came down i 1876. .

:.- here and soon new groves commenced Commission
: Fruits and
.spring up; though in the meantime Merchants. Produce. ,

thirty years had been utterly lost, anda Refer to Banks Mercantile' Agencies and 1 the business community of Western Pennsylvania. ..F;,"?;,

wilderness was allowed to take the JACKSONVJLLE, FLA, Mch. 8. nished Market free Reports on application., special references to regular INQUIRIES shippers' shipping stencils stamps etc.,fur- ..-.;."
place of civilization. Of there
course -
is too much grit in Florida to-day to .
Corrected by Marx Bros. enough to reach outside quotations and fast. It
: very surely is remarkably hand-
;:permit this kind of history to repeat I These are average quotations. Extra choice reds are weak at the decline quoted. Bermuda some, perfectly packed and of high _-'
lots fetch prices above top quotations while poor grade' .r...;.
itself. But of writers have
as ,two and Havana sell
your lots sell lower.Cocoanuts generally at 2.00 per and we are glad to see it bringing full
already said, our tillers of the soil need !!:... .... .... .......... 3.25 crate. Cabbage in good demand and firm figures.
". Peanuts best brand...... .... ......... 04 to.05 at the recent advance. Squash ,
to "brace up. Imported. cabbage each.. ....:........ .16 turnipsand P. Ruhlman &Co. pay: California or-
O. B. SMITH. apples bbl............... .. 5.50 other" winter vegetables have steady anges are arriving better every day and
beets,' bbl..... ........ .... .. 2.50 demand at ranges: given below. Celery in are becoming sweet. In fact lead
St. Augustine Fla.Letter Potatoes bbl. Burbanks. .. .. .......... 2.60 light and firm. Choice Bermudaand they
r <.-*- sack.,.......... .... ....... .... 2.30 supply and are fast gaining in favor in taking the
Early Rose, N. Y.seed..... 2.75 Havana vegetables find a gold outlet, place of Floiidas. To be sure Jamaicas '.
'. From Fort Ogden.. Hebron seed........ .;....... .. 2.75 but poor drag at low and irregular prices. are fine flavored and very sweet, but.run ,-I
....., .... ...... ...
Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: Peerless ; 2.75 Some fancy Key West tomatoes have sold too irregular in "
: Some barrels''run
Chili Red .;..... .. .......... 2.75 :
After two big freezes and then a Onions bbl...... ....... ...... ......... 3.25 at 4.00 to 5.00 per crate,and good stockis fine and large, particularly sample bar r
{. what ttggs.--. .....-. .19 wanted but most Southern Florida, as rels. Others again of same mark open ,I
frost vegetables are are not,
}, up well as Havana and Bermuda, are poor, double 0 size. We quote Jamaicas 3.00 I
thrifty, and the ground is so cold that VEGETABLES POULTRY. and have to range low. A few cauliflowers to 8.50 per bbl. California Riverside.Navels j

seeds do not germinate and nothing .Corrected by Davis & Robinson.. asparagus and other vegetables arriving at 3.25 to 3.50. Will have a number

.. can grow. Orange trees are buddingout Yellow Yams bush ........ ............ .50 from California and selling fairly as of cars next week, both Navels and.seed
.... .
... .....
Sweet Potatoes ..... :. ... .50 quoted.Asparagus. .
and blooming. and t reliable old Hubbard squash, bbl.... .....!t.. .....; 2.75 California small lings. t J"i{
but little Lettuce .:..-...... .5 to .75 ,per bunch, The Earl Fruit Company says: We 't.:
: '. seedlings are not damaged Celery...... ......;.. .......... -. .. .50 15 to 20c; beets, Bermuda, per crate, 1.75 have had such '
>: and by next season the effects of the Egg Plants, bbl................:..... 6.00 to 2.00; cauliflower, California, per case, a successful run on our .;
........ Sunflower and Yosemite brands of Washington -
Tomatoes crates ... .. .... 300
freezes cm scarcely be seen. All have Sweet Pepper, bu. none...:........... 3.00 2.50 to 3.00; cabbage, domestic, per 100, Navel oranges that we had to'stop.. !'
planted, or are planting' their vegetable Okra, bu, none.... .....!.;....... 4.00 to 8.00; imported, 9.00 to 12.00; cele- selling for this'we k's shipment. Califoj-'' 'F;
....... .... _
I Green Beans crate, none ; ryMichigan; fancy large, perdo"zen roots, -:
!j -crops and the area has not' been ," Peas none............. !... ... 75c to 1.00 onions Havana crate nia oranges are gradually'wll1nmg .their. -I,: : : .
1 decreased but increased. If there is Turnips bunch..........v.........;.... .06 ; per ,
; ,- Cucumbers, crate........... .......... 7.00 2.00; Bermuda, 1.75 to 2.00; peppers, Ha- .f-- "
'no more cold there will be, shippedmore Pumpkins, each... ................... .osto' .15 vana, per carrier, 1.75 to 2.25; radishes, Bradley Redfield. Eugene B. RedJUld.; .
Kershaws each... ..... ......... .1o to .15 Boston hot-house 100 1.50 to 3.00 '
vegetables: from 'Fort Ogden Parsley per doz. bunches.......... .50 per ; .
''than for several years. Carrots Fla., per doz.bunches... .... .25 to .35 rhubarb, California, per bunch, 25 to 40c; ESTABLISHED 1871. ;
Green onions, per doz. bunches..!.... .20 to .30 tomatoes, Florida, per crate, 4.00 to 5.00;
c' The loss of the orange crop wasv Pepper hot, bushel, none............ 1.50 to 2.00 Havana 1.50 to 2.00 Bermuda box & SON
; per REDFIELD: ;
about all the lost. Some Sage well cured, lb......... ............. .10 to. 15 :
25 to 40c.
Lima Beans, shelled, qt none ........ .
young orange trees that had lately Hens........ _-.................. -....... .35 .
Roosters.........-.........-........-. .25 to .30 Palmer & Frost's Quotations. Commission MerchantsAND :
been transplanted were killed to the Broilers.... .....,.....,................ .18 to.25 -
ground and some budded trees. On Turkeys per pound gross.......-.-... .12 NEW YORK March 5.-Choice or- .
Ducks..........-..........-. ... ...--.... .3 to ,40 ; (
1 some trees the bark was cracked but Geese..,._...........:...-................ -5 anges, brights 2.50 to 3.50; russets, 1.50 -r ".'
will out. "" In 1886 I Quail' doz:..... ..... .....,........... J-30 to2.50; tangerines, 2.00 to 4.00; grape :.
they soon grow Wild ducks, doz .......................... i.ootoa.oo fruit, 1.00 to 2.00.
saw orange trees on which the bark Wild turkeys each....... ..;. ........... i.o to 1.50 PALMER"& FROST. '

was cracked from<<,: the fop to the Cauliflower .. .... 2.50103.00 ........ Fruit Auctioneers, .. ..

\ ground ; they healed up the same / Oranges. \ ".

.year and bore a full crop the next New York Vegetable Markets. 1 en- 141 Dock Street, Philadelphia:, Pa.
Sg6bel & Day say: Receipts of Val
year. Orange trees are .not killed by Potatoes. cias next week will be moderate and as
trifles.' Imports for the week: Great Britain the market in 'Liverpool is very high now We handle all kinds of Fruits and Vegetable*,
Bermuda either at private sale (which has heretofore been
f The crop for this season will not be 268 bags; Continent -bbls.bags ; and shipments light it does seem as if our custom) or by the auction system (recently .
bbls Havana
but the 457 ; Valencia fruit should sell higher notwith- added to our business) as you may desire. .p
half not
are but Heb-
groves Main Hose are held steadily, the rather free of Sicily
) is worth' small lot standing ;
damaged. My grove to-day ron dull'and easy. Only one oranges which will take place next week
more than it was before the freezes. European potatoes in this week and when probably over 40,000 boxes will be

_' Not more than half of the leaves shed market has ruled largely nominal. Ber- sold. The weather is so fine that the Produce Sold K
muda and Havana have been in moderate
off and where they remained the trees fruit can be shipped without any fear of
for Sweet
J full of bloom.It supply and steady prime. potatoes frost which ought to aid prices. Jamaicaoranges I Quick and paid for quick Is the way our ship (
are quiet and unchanged. receipts moderate" i'pars of Fruits and Vegetables like It; and
6.50 Havana are very strong, 'our 40 enrs'experience without.defaulting I II
6.00 to II.i
requires more economy to regain Bermuda, prime, ; '
. I and the Wednesday's sale showed up to I dollar is guaranty both of ability and stabil
.- what was damaged, and the truckers 5.50 to 0.00; Bermuda and Havana No. $G.50 per barrel although the fruit was Ity. Any bank Il'> merchant using mercantile f
2 3.00 to 3.50 Jersey 1.75 to 1.87; i I reports} can tell our standing
and can soon catch ; certainly fine., W e repeat what we wrotea As have
orange growers up 1.75 to wo never buy >\o never goods ot
. ;'. if they will-make 'their own fertilizers. Sweets Vineland, fair to fancy, few weeks ago about the loss of the 'our own for Iho best prices leaving that oi
(growers for We want morr-
: Our correspondent here omitted Florida crop because a year ago at; this consignments! \ forlIncreasing trade. AFTER |
j : [ Vegetabt'es.Imports OUR
time 60,000 boxes weekly were coming to INQUIRING AH TO STANDING <

': '< '.,., :. one. page of his l letter.] for the week: Havana 1888 this city alone, and one would naturally TUY NOTHING US. A AND TRIAL YOU WILL MAY COST LIKE YOU OUR ? .:.

;, :: :: To succeed they should diversify ; crates onions and 881 crates other vege- suppose with this mass, of fruit out of the I METHODS BEST. 0 i I'

/ if one fails all will not. The big tables. Bermuda 55 crates onions and way all other oranges'would sell much ,cards Letters free.answered Send your promptly.name for Stencils our llttlt arm i iI
\ freezes''' made all blue but it taught all 446 other vegetables. Copenhagen 1,509 above the present rates. It is a con- I book about marketing Fruit and Vegetables ,

'-' valuable lesson if them. pkgs cabbage. Nassau 122 crates toma- vincing proof of the superiority of the French e
', a we profit by Florida orange in this market over every & Co. ,.U;

' j"-. We have 'had freezes before and toes.Domestic onions have sold less freely, orange that comes from abroad. Jamaicaand ,.
116 Warren St. New York.
: {,> bridged over them and we will in a and the market is easier. Yellow and California are beth doing very .well & .:.'

_ !-. \,!,.;, short time, if we have no more, choice white are held steady,but few good and the latter fruit is gaining friends "

., 1

,, f ,

.>M .. .4. J J1 I

: ," '. ,: ...... .'..,,/ .. .
:.; .,.' ...:. ,: .
,,-."-.,. '.,.. ;:.;iJii"i 3r."t.-r:;,'.,,. ',,-",, <\.'.:.."-,1.111''". .:"r'.Li. '. ,. .. :... -' 1M IITHE

.--.. .-:..' ,,-. -....-......&.. .-_'.,r........ -
-- : ..
I. 't1IIJ1 .' '>t .'
'" i vv" 'f- y- '''. ';.11 J
& .', :.!.. .. "
,, ........... ...... .... ... ,
,, ... .
':': '' P "
N if .'. ; \ ". ;, ," ."i'J',.,'''...'"" :;r ,:: .r" Wn" .I<<"' d'
ry a AY .: ri 'sd.'k' ..1..> )io ''''1'J'-I'1.1''V'' .'. ". -itc4( ,; ..: .1.A .I'I.I.: c'v \Yf. "'!" !'''' ': :,; .1't.. : .
+ <: "' ; : r : : ... :
.+ .-- (; ;: : ; : :;:; ;.I';> :..lJ. : !< /.i'J., ';;;, ). ?: ,,
IV r L : r /; / >. :: ;- vy: ,.'\ : ? ,'. ::d.', : ,'" ti
; ? .r"i
: i
,., .. : ':. :, ." .. : ; : .;:<(;...

tp ,
,, .

i!::: I

oJ j

t; way, and we hear but favorable reports Tribulations of a Florida Grower. the tree as most nut trees do, and they

7 '' from all sides upon the superior excel- Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower. never blow up, as the tree is very r-i ,.,

lence of the Washington Navels. from It is still cold and cloudy and too tough and the long tap-roots preventit. ,
We are still receiving cauliflower .
California, but the recent rains have cut' much rain' for damp lands. Plantingand They are not bothered by stock, d

off the supplies entirely, and it will not replanting' the order of these rabbits, or insects, as its stems leavea ",

be long before the season closes. It seems days. The old seedling orange groves shary acrid taste which repels then;

to us as though California cauliflower has are here intact, carrying a few of the and they are never killed by the frost, .

come to stay, and that every year will see old leaves, but seem to be: stubborn as they do not. bloom until very late : .

,an increased sale.:..JOur ). in the matter' of budding' again': andwe in the'spring. .

L '. St. Louis Letter. who never, saw""the like before," At one year old, the tap-root'is from

; The very latest advices from the South are anxious about the final outcome. twenty inches to two and one half

'{ go to show that we may. look for straw- We would sell just now and','ask 'no feet, and sometimes three feet long, -

): berries here from Florida from the 15th to more than before this cold, but the and the top quite short, but they can i Shortest, Quickest, Most AttraotiveR.(1)"TE

'the '18th of March, and from Southern buyers are folks like us. They, too, not be set out.after .they are one year
Texas about the 1st of April. Letters received : :
: of the is several feet
from Texas and Florida during the will wait to see a little further, when if age, as tap-root

J past few days, dated February 25 and they think it buying time will "offer to long at two years old, and the top BETWEEN
J 3 26., indicates as much unless another buy, but then prices will be up. quite high.In ,

:, blizzard should come along, which is We would,like to ask some peoplein planting out ''these pecans, you THE

t now regarded as highly improbable so the Northern belt, who have I no. are"-planting': out trees'which earn for- Florida Central and PeninsularNEW
j'. far south. Growers and shippers
/ the strawberry crop has been reduced to doubt had these licks before; what .will tunes annually and live, for hundredsof THROUGH ROUTES.

i| at least 50 per cent by the adverse weather be the result ?' How many, times_will years, and it is a waste of time, land New York to Jacksonville by

of January and February. these eyes sprout and will 'the bloom and money to plant the poor varieties New andNorthern.Florida 1 Pennsylvania ington, Southern R. R.Railway to Wash-to

; Even the Mexican orange growers and buds appear, 'as often as the wood, which take ten twelve' years to bear Columbia, Florida Central &
shippers find themselves materially bene- and bring' ten to fifteen cents Air Line.Cincinnati Peninsular to all principal
buds ? ; per .
fitted by the destruction of so much of J points in Florida.
:j the Florida product, and find here and in We. think some one in Hernando pound. Texas soft shell take six yearsto Cincinnati to Jacksonville by

other Western markets much finer prices county could tell us of this. bear; and bring $roo per poundfor and Queen, Southern&-Crescent R'y to to Chattanooga Ever--
I for their oranges than they could here seed, 'and at least double as much Florida}ette Florida Central & Penin-
: hope for in the absence of the great bliz- The vegetable crop is'also a fail for table use or in the wholesale mar- Limited.- sular to all important Florida
zards, which cut off so much competition. ure. Nothing now save the finest points.
kets the kind and if
as common Fort Scott &
: Kansas ,
St. Louis is a favorite ,market for the weather from this date on could save. you Kansas Cityand Memphis City R.R.to Kansas Cit ,
wish be' for months before
they can 'kept
Mexican orange. and they have come and bad bad cold }to Birmingham, Southern RY
us we are JacksonvilleThro'
, ,
a here freely for some time, and the California marketing. Not so with fruits, Line to Everette, Fla. Central &
and miserable 'weather. We
too wet Peninsular to all Fla. points.
;f shippers find in this fruit their they have to be shipped as fast as. '
here at and would plant all these things the papers Louis to Jacksonville by
principal competitor present
gathered whether it"brings'anything or Short Line to Du Quoin,
1 for the past month. direct if we had the "open land," the, You when Holly Sp'gs 1st. Central to Holly Sp'gs,
:'. A letter dated February 26 from a big fertilizer, the seed, 'and'the feed to"goon not. can ship your pecans i' Route.. City, Memphis & Birmingham -
the demand is and the demand to Birmingham,Sou.
fruitgrower at Marshallville, Ga., a leading ,'* and the money to buy' the 'fine '' J R'y to Everette and F.C., & P. ,
fruit for is always at fancy pricesfor
: r shipping point peaches,pears great' Sioux City & Chicago to Jacksonville J
the and all this but '
., and grapes notably peaches -declares hogs, Jersey cows ;; the best varieties. Ill. Cent. to Holly
,. the peach crop'safe to date there and elsewhere we don't have it. One would need. Holly lioute.New Sp'gs. }Sp'gs, K., 0. M. & B. to Birmingham -

t. in the State. However, even if thee new fences and lots and pens and CAROLINE SEED ette and the, Son F.'O.R'y& P.to Ever-

e 1'A: fruit buds survived all the blizzards, a barns and stables. No doubt it would AND.PECAN. COMPANY. .Louis'ille & Nash'ille to River

prop is yet far from assured, since the and a few of' the Ivanhoe N. C.Probably. Orleans Junction.' F., C. &. P. only
, '. critical: period for the growers of the West pay; $100,000,000 the statements in the .last To }route with through sleepersJackso'ville '
; wegive capitalists to build canals'\and between New Orleans and }
L and South has not yet passed, because '
I. paragraph would have to be modified Jacksonville. \
railroads would do all this for but .
1 f|t late spring frosts are more fatal than any us,
The F. C. & P. has 700 miles of track in
somewhat for the soil of Florida and
3 other agency..pf destruction. The secretary it's the way we vote, you know-it's Florida running through the -
J 1 of the Missouri State Horticultural the best our'daddies knew. we do not think pecans will bear to Tobacco Regions,
:I Society eminent authority states in this State be- Stock Farming and Dairy Section,
i very WM. P. NEELD. amount to any thing Peach and Strawberry Lands,
\ that 75 to 90 per cent of the peach crop Pinellas,.Fla., (Tampa Bay). fore they are ten or twelve years old. Orange, Banana and Pineapple Country,
I .
i is already killed in this State.A Phospllate'Relt.Has
+ Silver and
down Hum- the Spring
leading fruit at
j grower Will Other fine Scenery.
boldt commission Where Pecans Grow. The Saw Palmetto. "
Tenn., wrote his mer- The Great Hunting Country.
,. chant here a few days ago, informing Wherever the hickory' black walnut Reaches the Noted Fishing Grounds. j
The of the
him that under no circumstances will he possibilities saw palmettoare Has the best lands for tillage, greatest vari-
will grow i is perfectly safe' to put but little understood. Brushes and ety of soils in the State,.and above all
ever again ship a package of goods to any '
firm many city'who will employ a local out the Texas soft shell pecan.. They a'' number of toilet articles are being 'Runs Where over It Is the High Central and Healthy.RIdgeland

agent at his place. He declared in sharp suit well on either low or high land made from the fibre, and The Dixon Prosperous towns fill its route and it offers I
pointed language that he wants no part and low alluvial lands lying along Medicine the best freight facilities for any produce to
t Saw-Palmetto Company
the Northern markets. Send for the popular
of the'proceeds of his products to to
; go which occasional '
streams by over song
Titusville Fla., is now making several
1 who has whatever to ,
any person nothing "
flows render them useless for cultiva- "MY FLORIDA HOME.
4 do with the shipping, billing or distribution preparations that are recommended.
with its spirited words and beautiful music
of his fruit, and he desired to give ted crops, is a splendid place to set One, the Fluid Extract, is highly endorsed -- descriptive of an actual Florida Home, and

j, timely notice to the merchants to be con- these pecans,'and thereby make the as a cure for colds,.coughs anda which is gotten up in elegant style-Six pagesof
full sized best music containing also
,signed to. Such letters are highly appreciated most worthless of 'the farm the paper
part tonic of pronounced effect. The oil a picture of a home in Florida and a hunting
i. by the trade here, as if other best paying part of it in a few scene. It'is' mailed on receipt of 10 cents (in
years. from the plant is a'specific for diseasesof
shippers entertained similar views a stamps, to pay expense of distribution.)
heavy tax on business would.be lifted. Plant short-lived trees, or ordinary most of the mucous membranes.The Send also for the best map of Florida(sen
I'I free) and note the towns on its route.A.O.MAODONELLG.P.A
I. P. M. KIELY. field or vegetable crops '''in the pecan syrup is as palatable as New Or- : ,

St. Louis March 4. grove until, they''commence bearing- leans molasses, and a fine appetizerand Jacksonville, Fla.
then they will pay several times better flesh producer. All of' these1
The Fla Cent. & Peninsular R. R.
It not be known but itt
may generally I't than any could 'plant be-
crops you preparations are for sale by Dr. Theo.'West.Marianna .
is a fact that the Clyde Line brought all tween them and they and do Offers to ShippersThe
; grow' Times.
if the seed distributed on the east coast by
1' Mr. Flagler, free of charge. This fact well (as has been proven) in all the 54 Shortest and Quickest Route

has not been made known to the general Gulf and Southern States, and as, far Dr. Price's Cream Baking Powder BETWEEN

public.. north as Massachusetts; and west "as FLORIDA AND ALL POINTS IN ;

... far as Illinois;:In fact, in'all parts of the. Most Perfect Made. THE EAST AND WEST.With .

With a few pounds of nails, some United States, except 'the extreme pany is Improved better, equipped Ventilated than Cars ever,-this ever com-to

refuse lumber and the .ever present north or northwest; They are very PECAN CULTUREFOR handle the Orange and Vegetable Crops, and
Insure close connections and prompt despatch
I .' palmetto fans, Mr. J. A. Fletcher has easy to make live, grow symmetrical, to all Eastern and Western Markets.

built a village of barns, which protect and quite large, often reaching the PROFIT. Through oars to destination with-

I his live stock, hay crop and farming height of' thirty to forty feet, and -:- out Perishable change freight or delay.followed. by wire and

I tools. spread of branches fifteen to twenty- shippers advised time passing various Junction -
C! : five feet' in six and seven 'and They Don't Freeze.Our I points and arrival at destination.
All claims for overcharges and loss promptly -
1\\\\ We learn with pleasure that the continue to grow, fast until they are. modern soft-shell pronounced finest, larg- justed.
the side of the est and quickest bearing in America. Well adap See that your goods are markedvia
east old
on or thirty often
orange groves twenty-five years ted to Florida, and nearly every State in the
: St. Johns, opposite Green Cove, are attaining the height of 'eighty feet Union. We. sell and 'deliver first-class trees F. C&PRR.
call address
cheaper than any other'rowers.. Put out a For information on or the un-
not thought to be very much injured. with a spread'of branches forty feet or grove a fortune in a few years. We also have tho dersigned:
finest, prettiest,, and most prolific field corn O. E. TAYLOR Trav. A'gt Ocala, Fla.
Mr. Boyer's elegant Greystock more also makes a beautiful i 'shade. TUOKEiI .
Henry A'I't
/ ; known-50 ears; ,to bushel. Highest premiums W. B. Gen. ? Orlando, Fla. '
grove is, he thinks, in fairly good con- They have only one root, which goes $100 00 for sample of better pecans or corn. Send G. M. HOLDEN, Trav. A gt, Leesburg,\Fla. \
W. R, FULLER Trav. A'g't,
dition. The grove of Mr. J. M. straight down to 'watery,and they never for descriptive CAROLINA pamphlet. Or N. S. PENNIN +TON, Traffic Manager,
'Willis is also on the safe side. draw or sap the land directly ,under Ivanhoe, N. C. W, H. PLEASANTS, General Jacksonville Freight,Fla.Ag


t .

,t .,,.,4...: .:, .. ,., .. M' .
'';b.""'. ,. ..,I. ,..1.-'... .;' .' .

\ .
I ,
; \



. Fruit Trees in Wet, Ground. Growth of the Fertilizer Business. '

r It is useless to, plant trees in the ordinary It is about thirty years ago that the NArTIONAlBANK FLORIDA'i
I in ground that is nol/airly
way whole consumption of commercial FIRST OF
well drained. Trees cannot live with fertilizers in the United States was NJAcISON'YIhT.E.

I I their roots continually under water.It estimated at less than 45,000 tons per :: : : "

is"sometimes'urged that in swamps annum. Its value at $60 per ton, $2- The Oldest National Bank in the State.R t

certain trees thrive, and so they do, 700,000, nine-tenths of which manu
but who examines them will This Bank, after twenty years of successful business,has just undergone a rigid special exam \
any one factured or imported,at ports foreignto nation by the United States Comptroller's Department,and has had its charter extended for an ,
find that the. roots run horizontallyand the South was consumed the other period of twenty years. '
by By conservative, yet liberal methods, this bank has achieved the highest reputation for solidity,
are but little below the surface, Southern planter. strength and ability to meet all legitimate demands. .
often covered with little besides moss ''We invite a visit or correspondence, looking toward business relations, assuring you that your ,
To-day the annual consumption of favors shall at all times receive intelligent: and careful attention. '.'..
. And in these
and fallen leaves.
the East Mississippi States approxi- JAMES M. SCHUMACHER, R. C. COOLEY ", ,
there i is often drainage thoughbut "
swamps President.
mates.closely 2,000,000 tons, which at Cashier. ,

of slow movement: so that the an average of $25' per ton equals$50- Safe Deposit Boxes For Rent. .,'
roots are not in stagnant water.
000,000. The State of Georgia is a
In regard to fruit trees, no farmer good illustration of what a few deter- JOHN L. MARVIN, '
will plant them in low ground if he '- President.H. .
mined do in the
men can .
way T. BAYA THOS. W.
can avoid it. If he cannot help it he- Southern CONRAD
development. Georgia was Cashier. Assistant Cashier.
will find the pear, quince and plum, the first State in the Union to invoke CHPITflli $100,000. ,
less averse to dampness than some ,
and chemical fertilizer
secure insp.ection.in -
other sorts. But even these will not : '
and for Commisioner
1868-9, a THE
succeed if water is struck within 'a few. Agriculture and fertilizer control in MERCHANTS' NATIONAL BANK :4

feet of the surface. ,
During that there
1874. year was
A friend of mine once had exper- inspected nd- consumed in, the State JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA, : ..t

ience in this matter which is worth re- 48,000 tons, costing the farmer about Respectfully' solicits you Deposits, Collections and Genera "

cording. Noting the behavior of trees $2,000,000, and there was at that time Banking Business.CORRESPONDENCE :

in swamps, he conceived the idea of but one chemical plant and fertilizer ,

I enticing'some fruit trees to grow in works within her limits, that at.Au- INVITED." ,',,,'

the same way. He had a low lot of gusta. In 1881 the second fertilizer DIREO'J'ORSI: _'"':''

t ground available for the planting of plant and works in the State, burning John L. Marvin. A. B. Campbell. Chas. Marvin, '

I about fifty trees. Pears, cherries, pyrite instead of brimstone was H. T. Baya T. W. Roby Judge B. Archibald,
Judge E. M. Randall. C. B. Rogers, W. M. Davidson .
I quinces and plums were to be ,planted.It ;: I ;
erected by the writer: near: Atlanta,I Or' ,H. Robinson.. John E. Hartrldge.
was a rather laborious task, but
and there ,
now are twenty Or more '
what he did proved effectual. Where in different of the "
operated ,parts State,
each tree was to go a cartload two besides many, manipulating "plants"for SAVINGS AND TRUSTBANK I .

j. of good soil was dumped, one where special l fertilizers, and the con-

'! the ground was highest and one to sumption by Georgia farmers in 189394 .. OF F ,ORIDA" .

two in the lower places. These: dumpswere was 315,612 tons, costing the JACKSONVILLE.

leveled off partly so' that their farmer $8,o o,000, an increase of CAPITAL, $50,000, .
tops were about two feet above the
nearly 700 per ,cent ,in twenty yearsor -ROBINSON; President. TV. J. HAKKISHEIMER, Vice-Pres.
'natural level. This permitted of the
35 per cent average per annum. A WM.,RATVMNSON, Cashier, '1
|{ good soil ,being scattered around a recent,article by an expert in that line, "
1 ".
considerable distance. On these in a well-known Southern journal, DIRECTORS : .;
mounds the trees were planted. Being : that in the South Atlantic and
I two feet high, when the trees Gulf States, east of the Mississippi W; J. HARKISHEIMER; PHILIP WALTER, R. H. LIGGETT. ,
were set their roots were not down to River, there are in full operation fifty- .... "J
I the old ''level of the ground, as the chemical manufacturing Collections made on all points of Florida,and Remlttod.f or on day of Pay- ''."',. (
one companies ment. Active and Savings Accounts Solicited. Interest Pttiu."r1-----" : ;
J trees were but two to three years old their own sulphuric acid and acid Savings. "

j i and! had roots but about twelve to phosphate, and having a combined ___m ______ _

| eighteen inches in length. The capacity of 744,800 tons per annum of .

height of the mounds was fixed to accomplish acid' phosphate. This tonnage if man- FLORIDA: FRUIT EXCHANGE. ,

I this, the idea being that the ipulated into potash and ammoniated. .

"roots should be encouraged to form of the is
"guano, as most output An Incorporated Home Growers for marketing Florida Fruit to the
I not far below, the surface, above where would yield more than 1,2.50,900 tons, best advantage.AUTHOIt CAPITAL $300 000.
water sometimes rose to. These trees BOX MATERIAL-The Exchange is fully prepared to supply boxes and paper on I
which is to 60 cent of all the '
50 per order. Write for price list and terms.
were set six years ago, too recently to fertilizers made in the United States. -: OFFICERS :-
say what will be the ultimate result, be affirmed GEO. R. FAIRBANKS President. D. GREENLEAF, Vice-President. .
In fact, it may safely ALBERT M; IV1S! Gen'l Mgr. and Treas. M. P. TURNER, Secretary.:: '
but so far it has been most enco:?rag- that Charleston county,'S. C., to-day DIRECTORS-Geo. It. Fairbanks, Alachua Co.; E. G. Hill Bradford Co.: Dr. E. E. Pratt
Hillsboro: John Fabyan, Lake Co. Crutchor Orange Co. D. Greenleaf, ,
ing. The trees excepting the quinces ; ; Hy ; Duval Co.;
manufactures more sulphuric acid and J.:D. ,Mead, Duval Co.; A. Brady, Brevard Co.; F. I G. Sampson, Marion Co. ; C. V. Hillyer, '
did well from the start, and have acid than other Marion Co.; John' M. Bryan., Osceola Co.; W. E. Stanton, Putnam Co.; M. S. Moreman St.
-phosphate 'any countyin Johns Co.; C. F. A. Bielby, Volusia Co.; Irving Keck Polk Co. '
grown finely ever since. My opinionis the United States, and Fulton Address'all! correspondence to the Florida Fruit Exchange,Jacksonville, Fla, Stencils,

that the trees will continue to thrive. county, Ga., stands second, all of with full packing'and shipping instructions furnished on application.
It is now well understood that the demand which has been accomplished since

trees make for moisture from 1868, when the first acid plant southof JOHN CLARK, SON & CO., .

the soil,has a wonderful effect in mak-- Baltimore was erected by the writerat

ing dryer such land. As these trees Charleston, followed by the Fulton Grocers and Commission Merchants

grow year by year the situation will county, Ga., plant in 1881.
be less of that the trees
a swamp, so a
After this brief of the field -
survey DEALERS
are really preparing a situation for it is well to inquire, is this branch ,of
themselves as they Coal Hay Grain Wines Liquors
every year grow.I manufacture and development over- ,
should that the failed
say quinces The is emphaticallyNo Tobacco Etc.
Cigars, ,
because of leaf blight. Cur-
partly .
for the State of Georgia alone . ,
iously enough, as it was known consumes now annually more than J"aohcsonville:: E'1orida: : I
like soil it
quinces a partly damp was 1
tons which is nearly one-
316,000 ,
that' did At
a surprise they poorly.
third of all that is manufactured in the PRICE- LIST OF WHISKIES:
the time of blighting a or so after -
year South, and one-sixth of all manufactured MANONGAIIELA RYE............It......$t 50 CABINET BOURBON.... ...........,...." 8600T.
planting, the efficacy of fungicidesin in the United States PARKERiORANGE4VALLEY..... ............;..... ...........175 MARTIN RYE.............. ..............?.. 300
leaf not known and sold ............ ............. 200 VIRGINIA GLADES...........;............. 400
killing blights was and other States, even those of the SPRINGVALLEY...i..... .... .....,...!.., :9 5 OLD BOURBON................... ..... 5 00
as it is to-day, or the results might BALTIMORE CORN........................ 2 00 KENTUCKY SOUR MASH W............. 5 oo
North and West, are fast falling into, NORTHCAROLINACORN... .............2 50 OLD BAKER........ ......................500
have been different. If blight occurred line, and the present works will l CLIFTON CLUB e.......................... 300 MONTROSE VELVET RYE.................. 6 oo
it could be
quickly stopped.
now scarcely be able to supply the early JUGS EXTRA: One gallon, 250; two. gallon, soc; three gallon, 75C. Remit by post-office
- -Joseph. Meehan, in Prairie Farmer. demand. The States of mone he.c or registered!letter. We cannot ship C. O. D. Remit with order.
\ 0 O prospective A complete price-list. of Groceries,1! an4 Wipe List, sent free on application.
Florida and Tennessee are highly r
Price's Cream Powder
Dr. Baking ,
of untold JOHN CLARK SON & CO.
VVorld'f Pair Highest Award. favored in the possession ,


, ,
;}J .,,' '.a\:- : .': ;","" :: :'1',,',,: ,;;'',' ,',," : -. }<, ,

.. -' ,.-_.; .;'0:'' .......''';.'IU''v7Ji! ,,:' ,; 'F" .,"..j..,..\t!:...,.,, . ._ '' ,
.F ., ,9': 7 rj''j.. :-t .." V'1..>1,::. '; -- -' -'
.:'_ ''''"'I ._ 11 JJ67 .. ."..0::... :,.""dL ....._.: <:.' r.u.., ; 6..:.; .:"...a.iMSYWYNiYIY;;;>II< [..j......,!. .., ... i..r. .
.. ,
., 'tl < ,
: i err.W'I1a
.__: ..--- u,'" '''_..A'__, f.---'-- '
, .. ",'1.,,("'yo". ,>' '-- r I i' '
r.,';' ;; :; /. i ,. .\
I' ... _' = -' '

!,. r .' ..... ;.-. ';,. r .... ,.".: "', --. ,: ;..., ,,--. ,, n'' :",..:.,;," '.::. -. :" ,
,' il .r',:,, .:. A' ':'
' J ::: :: ; .; / :>, : : :- : "l.t 'f:(


,.t also choice stock enables him to WILl, exchange a pair of male fox hounds,
wealth in the raw material (phosphates) everybody will ask for; they are nursery and handsome size, trained for deer,

\- and are both large consumers of fertilizers more easily .damaged by wet or hot supply the increasing demand. fox and cats, for a first-class watch dig, must

!1 ti.:., and still Florida affords but sun than anything else. It is best to .- I i bite Hampton strangers.!stock and My guaranteed hounds are as represented.from Wade

J two chemical works, and Tennessee pick them, as, indeed, is the case with Pear Blight-Let it Alone. B. B ,Keep, Boardman'Fla. .

r but one. most flowers before they are full Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: $1 5 0.f\f\ CASH, will buy 20 acres number
>VVone strawberry land with a two- ,
The of and boom blown. Baskets of only must
day speculation roses If the trees are Kieffer LeConte, room cottage in SI. Thomas, Fla., for> an actual
"that barrier to progress," is past; be lined round the top, where the eettltr. This offer open for a short time only. -
Garber of the Japan or Chinese Mills.
or S.
any J : ,
i ", that of active:, energetic and profitable heads of the flowers will rest, with varieties let them alone. Give themno
\ manufacturing has come.-Prof. N. cotton wool. FOR SALE 15.000 first class California buds, i '
medicine. Give them the necessary -, 2 years old ((3 ) on 4 year old roots "
in American Fertilizer. Most bulbous flowers and last
A. Pratt the pack cultivation to keep them thrifty and mostly Washington Naves: Trees guaranteedto
i well-daffodils, narcissi, tulips, lilies be free from scales and insects. For information .
: in they will whip the fight. The best apply to A. Faye, Faye, Walton Co Fla. -
of the valley the latter are always
Packing Flowers. ; known remedy for this race, of pear 3-9-2
immense Tall lilies are diffi- ;
These directions are professional, cult to request. account of their trees is to let them fight their own bat EGGS 1f FOR HATCHING, of fifteen varieties.
') '' manage ties. Not in hundred will Albert Fries,St. Nicholas. itT
and are especially intended'for women size baskets one tree a
they-require specialjong ,
J", beginning florists' work, and the sendt as these flowers are not worth having be killed or seriously injured. If a EGHORNS! LANGSHANS! MINORCASf)
limb should be ",Son e good stock for sale cheap. Agent for
flowers branch large
t of wild well or even
ing as as without long stems. The flowers, too, Smith & Romaine's boiled bef and bone, $2.25 ,_
i and greenery to customers by express are liable to break off, and must be killed another will soon take its place, per Prop.100, Fernandina Ibs. Island Poultry Fla; Yard, C. H. Jacques,

'; or messenger. To pack flowers successfully carefully padded. All sprays of flow- Sometimes a LeConte tree will show'

t requires a certain knack and blight on a hundred fruit spurs, and it furnish
ering shrubs must have the wooded WE can forty thousand orange and
; deftness which only practice can give; will look like i it will certainly die. trees uninjured by Florida freezes, at
stem peeled as far as the water
up following rates: I.emons five hundred dollars]]
but still few hints be of Never mind. Let: it alone. It will be
a may some mark, and before packing each one per'thousand, oranges seven hundred and fifty
The first is that all right next' dollars per thousand. Pomelo one dollar]] each.
help. necessity they year. ,
must have this end wrapped round Address F. D:Waite, Belleview, Fla. 3-2-2 "'s'r
shall be put in so tightly and closely with a little moss.-English Paper. There is a good deal in keepingpear '
that it. is for them to trees of all kinds in a healthy 'TJUDWOOD-Parson Brown, ten dollars per
not possible ...i...i ** thousand. Early Maltese Straight and Hart's
i shake about. To do this without thrifty condition. They should neitherbe Tardiff Oranges and Lisbon Lemons ',seven fiftyper
Louisiana Orange Growing. thousand. Address W. Waite P. O. Box
J. ; ,
crushing or bruising them is by no over-fed or starved, nor cultivatedor 8C9, San Diego, California.. 3-2-4
means easy. Further, the air must be The Plaquemines Protector, pub- fertilized after July ist. Pear treesso "
lished in the heart of the Louisiana CASSAVA seed for sale.-$1.00 per 100 feet f. o. -
excluded as much as possible, and the managed will frequently overcome Jacksonville. M. Cnesebro; Plum-

packer must aim at keeping the, stalks orange belt, in an interesting articleon fungus diseases and insect enemies. mers, Fla. '

damp and the 'blossoms perfectly dry. the orange, says there are several While pear trees in our immediate AT HALF ITS REAL VALUE I--Ten year old .

All,the flowers in one vase" should large groves in that (Plaquemines) neighborhood have.been blighting bad town grove Fine, south vegetable side lake lands.front J., one L.mile Derieux from,'

be lifted out together and laid on the parish, but the greatest number are ly, not one tree in ahundred in our or- Lakeland, Polk county, Florida. 2-16-4

' table before the packer on a soft cloth; small properties containing from 500 chard has had a diseased twig. We

.1/ if from the to 5,000 trees each. The largest the Planet cultivator TO MAKE HENS LAY-There is nothing like
/ they are pulled vases one groveon run Jr., throughour Bowker's Animal Meal. 40 tons sold in Flor-
I by one as they are required, the remaining the Mississippi River coast, below orchard twice a month during ida last year. Hundreds 'of testimonials. ,For

ones will probably fall out the city, is owned by the Bradisrr April, May and June. The other nine particulars io-13-tf_, write :E. W. Amsden, Ormond, Fla." '.

l and be bruised. Ferns, foliage, rushes Johnson estate. The following are months we let the trees take care of BROWN LEGHORN EGGS for HATCHING.

and,grasses are first laid flat in the bottom the figures of the product of that or- themselves and they do' it. One en. of the'best; $i for 13. R. Puddy,
Lawtey, Fla. Barred Plymouth Rock eggsfor' '
of the basket; next comes the chard for each year from 1880 to and couraging feature about blight ishat, \ hatching. 10-6-13

,lA'" coarser and more robust, flowers, suchas including 1892. This grove occupies while it exists,'in some part or parts of Black Minorcas and Black Langshan ,

wallflowers, sweet Williams, daisies, about 120 acres, and contains 12,582 the United States every year, it usu- FINn $1.00 each White-faced Black ,- -

l etc., ,arranged with the blossoms to- trees, of which 9,535 are bearing, the ally remains in any locality only threeor 26.Spanish E. Harrison$3.00 trio._& Sons Eggs, Paola$1.50, Fla'for 13, '$2.00 2-9-4 for

wards the outside of the basket, and crop ofwhich has been sold from yearto four years and then disappears fora

V the stalks towards the middle. In the year in the following order: 1880, period of ten to twenty years. LIGHT BRAHMA Turkey Eggs, D. for B. Plymouth hatching, Rock gi.oo dozen 'and- ,. 1 I

v cavity which will then be_ left packjjhe! $12,000 ; 1881, $400 ; 1882, $9,000 ; On the whole, plant. pear trees. 'Ifa Florida.to suit_the times. ._C .Gomperts_, 1ady'Lake 2 2-16 -

I more fragile or valuable flowers-roses, 1883, $5,440 ; 1884 $9,000 ; 1885, ,, .Bartlett or a Howell dies, plant a Yft Agent's profits per month. Will

for instance-firmly wedged .in round $12,000 ; 1886, $700 ; 1887, $18,000; Kieffer or a Garber in its place.- V, 5 2 5 prove it or pay forfeit. 'New Ar-
\ \ ticles just out. A $1.50; sample
the stalks with,moss. 1888, $2b,000 ; 1889, $20,000; 1890, Jennings' Nursery, Thomasville, Ga. VT and terms free. Try us,. CHIDES-

Every individual flower or bunch $23,000 ; 1891;; $40,000 ; 1892, $25, --- ....--- TER,& SON, 28 Bond St., N. Y.ILGHMAN'S .

must be arranged separately in its opo. Total $195,000. The old trees are not killed. here T CONDITIONPOWDERS" FOR '
The flourishes the 'All Stock-Guaranted to.'make them eat and
place, and the longest or largest- must orange along en- "I
in the River ,region. It is -'
grow fat. Sample package by mail, thirty-five
be, put in first. When any blossom tire coast region of this State,, from safe to say that all the branches less. cents. W. G. Tilghman, Palatka, Fla. I

seems likely to rub against the side of the Sabine River to the MississippiState than one inch in* diameter are dead I 1-26-10
the basket; protect it with a pad of line; as also in East Texas and FOR SALE-Bronze turkeys;'Black Langshans,
the safe.
but the stocks of trees are Game fowl. Langshan, Game and
cotton wool, ,which must always be the ,coast, region of Mississippi and Pekin duck eggs for hatching. Mrs. W. H.' ,
dry. The little sheet of cotton woolis Louisiana. Florida has been exten- Mann, Mannville; Fla. 12-1-12 "

then placed on the top of the flow- sively advertised as the orange State, The management of The Marion FOR SALE for cash,time or trade,orange groves,

ers, and tucked in neatly round the but it only shares the ,honors in that Times Taxpaying Department says Fla.. and timber lands. >E RUMLEY 3-ii-i6t Keuka,

edge of the basket. By roughly mak- way. The Lousianna orange crop that no previous year, since we have _- .
EXCHANGE-Summer and winter' hotel -
conducted this branch for the convenience FOR
ing a box-plait lengthwise in the averages from 450,000 to 500,006 North Carolina mountains. Owner must -

brown-paper top, it can easily be boxes. .. of non-residents, have they live in Florida. Wants good orange grove. W.
B. Clarkson, Jacksonville, Fla. 9-is-tf .
passed under the handle and fixed in Not only oranges can be grown been so prompt in responding to the '

its place. While i it is being tied down profitably in South ,Louisiana, but the tax notices sent out by this department. FINE LOT.Tahiti OF Limes SEEDLESS All on GRAPE Grape fruit FRUIT-stock.

with string, which must be done both loquat or mespilus, commonly called Price very reasonable. S. M. Stephens, Lakeland -I

round the top of the basket and acrossit the Japan plum] is very profitable. It Fla.__12-15-10
is the earliest fruit in PURE ESSEX PIGS. CHANCE FOR A NURSERYMAN.-Forty
it is best to get some one to hold the market, and A
thousand ((40 ooo) thrifty grape fruit trees in
the paper in its'place. consequently, there is a great demandfor nursery form. Three-year old. Terms easy.
i' ,Best for the South. Bred on the Florida bor Bowyer & Stephens, Lakeland, Fla.
The basket should be so well filled it at remunerative prices. The fig der. Address, 12-15-10

: that the covering on the top presses is never injured by cold in lower Loui-- ANEW; deal on 'wire netting. Prices cut in .
siana and has ROSELAND. PLANTATION, We pay freight. Write for our latest .- :
been in
,' pretty firmly upon the flowers, other- recently great price-list. E. W Amsden, Ormond, Fla. tf ...
|, wise they will shake about and be demand.F. Bainbridge, Ga.
bruised. It is scarcely possible to A. Quinette is the oldest horti- 127,000 citrus trees on sour orange,grapefruitand

: pack them too tightly, for after they culturist in the vicinity of New Or- OENT-A- 'FORD". OOL UJPIN Marsh rough Seedless lemon Pomelo roots, of, Thompson the following Pomelo varieties, Au-:

have been some time in the basket leans, having had half, a century ex To Insure Insertion In this,column, advertisements rantium Pomelo, Boone's Early, Parson BrownHarl's ,-

I t they will shrink and get looser. Flow perience. His orange orchards in the must be accompanied by exceed the money.- I King Tardiff and, Dancy Maltese Tangerine Blood Orange, Satsuma, and Kumquat Villa- \.
Advertisements must not words.
ers packed in this way will arrive, suburbs of New Orleans are regardedas Postage Stamps received in payment.fifty, i. less Franca Limes.and Belair A specialty Premium of Lemon.the Marsh Tahiti Seedless Seed >, '
after a journey of or 18 hours as its attractions visitors Count every word,including name and address. Marsh .- '
15 among great .,. Grape-fruit. C. M. Lakeland, Polk Co., :;
"i'* S M MVN % Vt* V*<%*VVWSi %i '*"* *V** >*S*rVV
I fresh and as stiff as if they had just from Northern points finding much Seed Corn. Let the people of Fla. 11-17-20 ,

been gathered. They travel with delight in the blossoms of March and WANTED-5000 one-year Citrus Trifoliate. ,.
Florida but the :
plant nothing
J and lowest price. Arcadia Nurse :
least the luscious fruit Christmas
damage night.Of at time.
varieties suited to climate and ries, Monticello, Fla.! u-I-tf"
all flowers, roses are the most He finds ready market for all he can our -" ::

difficult to pack, and, though they lasta produce at home, where he regarded soil. I have* them. CITRUS,TREES.and square-Fine treatment stock'none.betterj; No "back: low .. '

very short time in the poisonous atmosphere as authority on "the orange industry." I W. M. ,GIRARDEAU, numbers" offered. Write for prices. Thirteen

of London) they are what About 5,000 bearing trees and 50,000 2-16-4 Monticello, Fla. years town,experience..Fla. Phoenix Nurseries, Braiden-ixfj II-lIS


L. .. ,_. .S l
.II' -
.: \ ,. ',

,:". -,.., c. ._ .:'' ,m;:: .'' ,. r .:!!' f4. {} -. ,V', I.ZH!! .:,'I. ..'. ,.' ,::;; r ; t ?(.. .. ,' ,". .. ..,." t :: .. n.. .,t \., t :.j ", + .. '" ;.* .' ; '' ..,
:( ... .r'';' .'1.... '"";"i1.l....,.-.r""A7: "L ; ": .,. :;';'.-1" ","...,:. ." ," :i i. ;..1, .',-'r.i, ; ','-":;-" '..'-1 ;::. ..."j .: .. -" ,.,: .. .....'. r" <.." i.I. :":1-)0 :: V'' "' 'N ) ': <- .. ,";-V'. ,'
"' ; :'> '
) : ; ,, ; V"v .V" Tv ., : -
: : ;: ; ; : ,. -- .. Ki,1- .:-"- -: -. : : ,, ; ; : :
I :;; ''C :;: '.: {-: ; ; ? i: -v.-,- -, : .. 2;" V.-v--; : > -- : ., = : : ,. < : ; :,;

.: ..... ,;:
,. : .
.-. ..-.
-.-' .',.
f-r -.. -
,. ....:.,..
.. \
t:,. _,'
... 1i1 FLOIUbA FARMER AND: UI*-GIROWEl. 1 f'!)' :..fJ}
! -
', "
., : *
,, '
-- : -;;
f' :

1 :'......' Jr SAVANNAH LINE The Clyde SteamsMp ...F4

( .. .

;.: 48 to ..55 hours between Savannah, New York and Philadelphia, and #-

The magnificent Steamships of this Line are appointed '"
hours between Savannah and Boston.
v 65 to .70 to sail as ,follows, calling at Charleston, S. C., \

Both ways : r- .

L From New York. From Jacksonville .
:. (Pier 29, E. R.) STEAMER Florida.

.........uAI.GONQUIN".Sunday, Mar. 3d, at 8.30am
'.', G. vr.: SORRELS l\t.I:+anA: to... ...."SEMINOIE": ""..."Tuesday, 5th, at nooa: m
.Qer. Friday, March jst at 3'p m. ......."IROQUOIS". ..... ...Thursday, 7th, at 1-30pm
Tuesday, 5th, at 3 pm..."""CHEROKEE"; .... .,,... Sunday roth, at 4:30: a m
Friday, 8th, at 31> m ..... .. "ALGONQUIN"......Thursday, 14th, at 7:00: a m .
... ; IN ls Monday.u nth,.atspm.... ....."SEMINOLE". .... ....Sunday, 17thatlo.ooRm
:, ,-JfiU*U tp, i'JJW 411 U.-B|TJ-1'rfu.Si' niri l 'Xetj Wednesday, I3th, at 3 p m....".... "IROQUOIS". .. ....,Tuesday, igth, at 12:00: n'n
i .. Friday, II 15th, at 3 pm......... "CHEROKEE" ...... ..Thursday, ." 21st, at i.3op m
"; Tuesday, 19th.at3pm..4..uALGONQUIN".Sunday, 24th, at 4:00: am .
=.,. r hq5' -"' t// ie Friday, 22d, at 3 p m........ "SEMINOLE" .. .....Thursday, 28th, at 5:30: a m" .
R *L t .t = =v K Monday, 25th at 3 p m.. .... ... "IROQUOIS" .. ..... .Sunday, U 31st, at 7:30am:
.*: ? w Ph.,4 e r'm k.-'._ FS 1,1 ''S"u tsr: n'} X P"' N' Wednesday, 27th, at 3 pm."CHEROKEE". .......Tuesday, April 2d, at 10:00: am..
I l '-;:$. .p r .rsr 4x a Xflhy'iG':_, ,,",yik'') wnw iINi 6 k 4 Friday, 29th,.at 3 pm..... ....."AIGONQUIN".Thursday,' 4th, at 12:30: pm ...
'.. : ==_sa- : ,
.;;:; %: '
::t.; .' ai Philadelphia and Jacksonville Line. '_ ::;

,t-. z Weekly service between Jacksonville and Philadelphia, calling at Charleston, S. C., south '.:
;"''.'-'...- bound. The fast freight Steamships "Delaware" and "Winyah" are appointed to sail as fol- '_'
'"' lows '
: :
< From Philadelphia: STEAMSHIPS: From! Jacksonville Direct :

I ,.;...'. Saturday, February 28th.. .. ............. ..ONEIDA.. .... ........ ....Friday- March ist
Saturday/March-...... ...' .. ..Of' BOWDEN....... ..... ......Friday, March: 8th
Saturday, March 9th.;. .... .... .. .....ONEIDA........ .... .......Friday! March 15th .
", Saturday, March 16th.. .... .... .... ..BOWDFN .. ........ .....; Friday, March 22d .
:.ft": .. Saturday, March 23d.... .............. ONEIDA.. .... !... ... .....Friday, March 29th '.

:.. Paaiasaage Rated; I

Between Jacksonville and New York: "First-class $25.00 ; Intermediate, $19.00; Excursion, &43.30; AND VEGETABLES.
1-: Steerage, $12.50.; .

Jacksonville and Boston or Philadelphia : Cabin, $27.00; Intermediate, $21.00 j Excursion, $47.30 ;
-_ Steerage, $14.25. The magnificent Steamships of this Company are appointed to sail as follows:
ST. JOErNS: :RI'V'R.: : I E.


(Central or 90,Meridian Time.)

Kansas .- ,.;. ...........Friday, March i, 8.ooa. m. For Sanford, Enterprise and Intermediate Points on
Nacoocliee r... ;." ... ....... 3, 9.30a.m. the St. Johns River.The .
Tallahassee .....;...'.....TuesdayMarch 5, 12.00 n'n
City.of Augusta.... .... .... ....:..- March 8, 3.30p.m.
Kansas ..-. ....... .....Sunday, March 10, 5.ooa.m. elegant iron side-wheel steamers -
Nacoocliee. ..... ...... ...'..'.. 4'' .".".............. ...Tuesday March 12, 6.30 p. m. ,"
I Tallahassee....... .. .... ......... ........ ...........Friday, .March 15,' 8.30 a. m. Oit; r of Jae1oriviUe," \
City of Augusta......-..'....i ..Sunday, March 17, 10.30 I0.30.m.I '
i I Kansas City.. ,,,.-. .... Tuesday March 19, 12.30 p. m. Capt. W. A. SHAW, :
I I\ Nacoocllee ....... .-.. ......... ...Friday, March22, 3 oop. m. -, 'FRED'I DeBARY ( ..
Tallahassee."t... '.. ......:........ ...Sunday, March 24, 4.ooa.m. ;.
", City of Augusta.. ...;"....*.. .".;., ....Tuesday March 26, 5.30 p.m.; : Capt. T. W. LUNDr. ,
Kansas City.. ....-...FridayMarch 29, 7 00 a. m. Are appointed to sail from at
Jacksonville, daily
!I' Nacoocliee.._.............-. ..,. ...... ........Sunday, March 31, 8.00 a. m. daily except Sunday except Saturday,. at 9 00 a., m.3.30 p.. m., and from Sanford, .

Gate .. ..;..'.Thursday, March 7,2.00p.m. Read down Read up.

City of Macon,....-..>. .... .... ... ... .......Thursday, March 14, 7.oop.m. Leave'. 3.30 p. m. .......... ...... ...... Jacksonville ...... ...... ...... .... Arrive,, 3.30 a. m.
Gate City.........-f...... .Thursday, March 21, 2.30 p. m. 8.45 p. m. ... ... .......... .........Pat tka. ...... ...... ..... ...... Leave ::9.00
City,_of Macon ;........, .........Thursday, March 28, 6.30 p. m. .X. 3.01) a. m. ............ ........... Aslor........ ...... ...... ..... 3.00 p. m.
( ? a 4.30a. m. .... ...... ............. .st. ,L'L.raucs. ...... ............ .... H'm.
FROM SAVANNAH TO PHILADELPHIA.These 5.30a. m.....".. ..... ...... ...... Deresfo(1., ..... ...... ...... ..",, 12.00 1.30P.noon m.
Arrive 8.30 a. m. ...... ....(0... ... .... .Sanford. ... ..... ...... ... ... "' a.
( Ships do NOT Carry Passengers.I ) .c 9.2Sa. In. .... .... .... .... .... .... Enterprise.. .... .... .:.... 9.00 9.30a. m.m._

Dessoug. .. ...... ...... .....i...... ........ ..... .... .......... ....Wed'day, March 6, i.Oop.m.Wed'day : .
Elihu Thompson.....;....__......._......_.....-.....-..... .... ..... March 13, 7.ooa.m.
Def'sou; ...... ......... ............ ..., ...... ...... ;.. ....-........Wed'dayMarch20, i.sop.m. General Passenger and Ticket Office, 204 West Bay St., Jacksonville
ElihuThompson..S.... .... .... ........ ........!....i....S. .. ....Wed'dayMarch27, 6.ooa.m. A. J. COLE Passenger Agent, 5 Bowling Green, New' York.
M. II. CLiYDE, Assistant Traffic Manager 5 Bowing: Green, New York.D. .
: THESE PALACE STEAMERS D. C. MINK, General Freight Afent. 12 So. Delaware avenue, Philadelphia, Pat
THEO. G. EGI3B,'Traffic Manager, 5 Bowling Gteen, New York.
F. M. IRONMONGER, Jr., Florida Passenger Agent, 204 West Bay St., Jacksonville PI*.
',< Connect at Savannah with. Central Railroad of'Georgia, Savannah Florida & Western Railway, JOHN !L. HOWARD, Florida Freight Agent foot Hogan Street, Jacksonville, Fla
I" Florida Central & Peninsular Railroad. J. A. LESLIE, Superintendent, foot Hogan Street, Jacksonville Fla."W"M. .
J Through. Bills of Lading, Tickets and Baggage Checks to all points North and East. See your
P. CLYDE & CO. Gen'l
write for to Agents
- : nearest ticket agent or Freight or Passage ,
: ". R. L. WALKER Agent, C. G.ANDERSON, Agent 12 South Delaware Avenue, Philadelphia. {5
Bowling Green
. J' New Pier No. 35 North River J.New York. City Exchange Building, Savannah, Ga. New York.
RICHARDSON & BARNARD, Agents, Lewis'-Wharf, BostonW
L .TAMES, Agent, 13 S. Third Street, Philadelphia. W. A. BOURS. ESTABLISHED 1875.! J. B. BOURS.
W. H. RHETT, Gen'l Agt. C. R. R., 317 Broadway, New York.
" : 'T. D. HASHAGEN, Eastern Agent, Sav., Fla. & Western Ry. Co.; 261 Broadway, N. Y. ,
j. L.;ADAMS, Gen'l East. Agt. F. C. & P. R. R., A. DeW. SAMPSON, General Agent WILLIAM A. BOURS & CO.
..1 _,._ 353 Broadway, New-York. 306 Washington St., Boston. ,
- .- T. 'P. BECKWITH General Agent, .
W. J. FARRELL: Soliciting Agent. W. E. ARNOLD Gen. Trav. Pass. Agt..
.;- WALTER: HAWKINS, Fla. Pass. Agent, Grain Garden Seeds and Fertilizers

New Office, 224 West Bay Street, Jacksonville.,, ,

: :;1:22VES'r BAY S .J:'.; JACK oi 'viz: L E. F'T A. '
ILaZEFz: ;
:. THE :BES : .

We Handle Only the Best and Most Reliable Seeds. A Comple Stock of
i.::::.: WITH A #

: ,'--;- ,. PURE BONE BASIS, Hay, Corn Oats,. Flour, Bran Wheat, Grits, Meal, '

" :: Are Manufactured by theDarfing Cotton Seed Meal Both Bright and Dark. (


Tugerl-Kllen Fertilizer Co. NITRATE SODA,

:- OF PAWTUCKET, R. I. Star Brand Fertilizers, ; y4 y MURIATE OF POTASH,

'" We also carry in stock Potash. Nitrate' Soda, Kainit, Cracked Bone and Beef Scraps for Poul GUARANTEED '..I\\ SULPHATE
:' .)" .. try, Sulphur, Cottonseed Meal,-Tobacco stems. Land Plaster and Ashes. ... POTASH,
,.0.;. ">.- Tree -and VegetableFERTILIZER

,. Hear of 26 West Bay St.., on river front, midway between Main and Laura St,, .
These Fertilizers have no superior in the market, and a trial will Convince:

pond for Pocket Memoranda, Book Send for Catalogue, free.



.' .-.. '' ---- -' ... -

',;-,.;.' .t'f.t..:.*.""".. ::;,. : /..":,'!'-'",':"-'.. "'.... '.'''I'-jI'; ;. ',' -. .,, .!';...'
: :: :
-' -
I ,l 1>'I'" II'" T- ,- .. ....... ., .... _.....,, .n ;.." ._ ., .,.) .".
o" ::-\:r.- ,'.'- -. ;::: ,-;;-- -" -" .,-:J'7.',' ,'. ".w"'" r'ilJJ.t:' ." ,.. .'. .. __..- .....

.w .ft, -- .
.' ,
r : '. >>: '.: ; '
.. .' :: .; ; J' \ :;::\'.: ::J i.. i:: :: ': .: :" .>.

-" "- .

-- ----- -- -
%: -

p#; WATE RMEL ON Sr. .'.\ ",


*? .. ..


n.slif:' How. to Grow r \ Watermelons: lorLarge: Profits .-

I .* .
Is a treatise on melon culture recently issued by the Paine Fertilizer Company, who have,during the past six or seven years, made the fertilization and sale of the melon crop a SPECIAL
'I; ... STUDY believing and finally proving that this crop is not only the MOST PROFITABLE crop grown,in. Florida,but also a CERTAIN. CROP,if planted and,fertilized according.to directions. given
in the. above pamphlet,;:which will be sent FREE upon application. / .
>Our Company are the only manufacturers"of' High-Grade Crop Formulas, who have carefully. studied the requirements. .of many of our principal and best-paying crops, especially the Water-
it/'" melon' ; f : .
(if"" .. .;: :

: Write Us for Full Information; ",Showing ,How;; to Plant: for Market, on Large Scale. .

J -
. -
}) REMEMBER: : that our specialty for years has been the growing and selling of melons for large profits. Our watermelon brands are known and used throughout. the 'watermelon
; "P' .' sectiCns. No other company has ever manufactured special brands for.this crop. '
.... .
: _, t : \
7BE'W':: ARE of those imitating our formulas: or copying our instructions: use of their fertilizers can only mean PARTIAL SUCCESS and often TOTAL; FAII.URn.,
'; '. ,
!_:r I COMMENCE PLANTING ''NOW' and continue, as we direct, every ten days: until last of March. Write for full particulars. NOW is an opportunity to recoup
/' your.losses from' other, crops. ,-

,("'.- ,BEAR. .IN MIND that New'York'City alone could have used all the fine early melons grown in Florida last year, therefore if we increased the Florida acreage tenfold"or more
;1' -- 'there is plenty of marketing room end the acreage is HARDLY DOUBLED this year, much of it being poorly fertilized, which will only produce inferior melons .
,,:.w that will reach market too late to secure the han omeprofits, obtained by those who carry out our advice to the letter. The variety of'melon planted by our customers is grow.ing.in favor and ,
'. the demand is increasing each year. :
:' _' Our Company,with its house at New York and connections at Boston and Philadelphia, command the principal distributing; points in the Northeast, where the highest; prices are always
paid for" fine melons. Should the quantity of early melons grown in this State warrant it, will, also, have arrangements at Cincinnati and Chicago distribute them through the West. We already
have control of the bulk of the early crop-let us handle yours, and it will reduce competition on sales, thus enabling us to hold up the market to the HIGHEST POSSIBLE PRICES .
In the future our New York house will handle the fruit and vegetable crops of any planters in Florida ia: order to secure for them the highest market prices, full and prompt rettfrns, making -
.:..?. ,:., ',, it an inducement for them to purchase our Special Formulas in large quantities, ;so as to plant on a more extensive scale. Write: for stencil. <*
'. '
., .
., .
t: : ...

'::i; ; THE ORMNGB ? YEAR -

,;4. : CROP NEXT. .,-

d" ;:. .. ,
t.:.; : will' bring the highest prices per box ever known. GET and.,FOLLOW our instructious and you will not only have a good crop of fine fruit next winter,but you will save your trees, hurt by the De-: '-.' .-
', cember and February freezes,, from two or three years set back.'. Full directions;will be given upon application. .' ".:- .':'y .c":

.",:..:",''. '..'"J,.'.". .', .r .... '! ..' ...-, \.'1...,.". _. \"_ I

!": GROW CROPS 'F0RIL ;RG.E PR.Q.FITSr"! i it'

t't: .; Stop Fertilizing for Display !t It is FRUIT you Want, :.w; I

Fine Bright Tnin-skinned: ; 1n.LARGE'
: .J'uicyOra-ges: 'J: I

IF 1.K .QUANTITIES' that *:..Hig'h Prices in Market.The .. (H: !

1 I: PROFITS: in planting come from Increased Yields of Finer Vegetables, :which can.only! 'be obtained by the use of High Grade Crop )Formulas '; I

i L .adapted to your'soils and crops. How-lorig is it going to take you to find out that you can treble, and quadruple. your NET ,PROFITS by using ourHighGrade : ":, !

f,:{ ; Mixtures AS WE DIRECT ? ;- ,', I

+L"' Many have ,been so encouraged ,by PROFITABLE YIELDS, from the use of our Formulas while, previously they had barely made expenses, that ,'}:
+k: they have increased their acreage each season until now they 'derive YERYLARGE, |INCOMES from their crops. Do you, want proof of this assertion ? then :

1 1" write us and we will give it; or try a few .acres with our brands and; prove it for ))ourself. .' .\ ....\:;:
i Our experience: in handling thefruit; and vegetable crops In New York fo .many of our customers. and their friends has shown us that buyers at .'S':::

L ,that point:examine each purchase with a' very critical eye, they will pay HIGH PRICES for}fine stuff;and but very little for that which ordinary., Write us .. :.!i:
: for our pamphlets and,advice of how"to grow crops LARGE;: PROFITS, alsohow? to fertilize, trees on different soils for INCREASED YIELDS of FINER .. :
t FRUIT. : :.',

J. 'Do,you'know,that the application of light ammoniates, such as Cotton Seed, ,Meal.Blood Bone, etc., etc., are the MOST INJURIOUS ARTICLES ., < ,:

f f-: you can put on your grove ? They give a splendid grovth'of wood? and foliage, but acting only as STIMULANTS. they DESTROY THE FRUIT PRODUCING ;
PROPERTIES of tree and plant. ... ;:,

A Ton'of our carefully-prepared Formulas, applied as,we.advise is worth. in the long,run, a carload, of these ammoniates improperly applied and.'i; :

being IMPROPERLY PROPORTIONED with potash, phosphoric acid,.magnesia,.etc., etc. t .//-Zi;
I:" : You are growing FRUIT, not ,FOLIAGE, for sale, VEGETABLES not.. VINES, therefore you must avoid all RANK GROWTH., It is' '.'Fl.i .

i;s.. STEADY, STRONG and HEALTHY GROWTH that developes the FRUIT-PRODUCING: PROPERTIES; of the plant and puts money into your, ..;; .,, ::",'.;
J'.., pocket Write us for information on agricultural matters to : I ,,- .':. .;: .
.: '
L:, ..' T1O and "712 East- Bay; St.| ( .r Jacksonville. *> w ,,* .Florida" i *,* <"\;;,.; j.

f :, And for all information, about,selling your fruit and vegetable crops, to "> '" / ,,.4No. \ :,. ;.:
:" ,,
\,.." .. ',:'.:,:..';,:".";,,,'J
,-..' 1 ,, Broadway, New 'York, N. Y. ... -:; '-_, .-1;;,: /'.; ;;

:':.. Get our l latest prices on all agricultural chemicals before purchasing elsewhere. We linderselj\ 'all I, competitor$. ;: Our 'facilities<' enable' u s .to';do "thisieasily ; :-

\rf; : and,,as a rule, to give better and higher,class grades;of materials: 'fl< ",, ::1.;:rpJ:

\) -' ": .o"" '"
.' :,\(:
:> /
.. ," 'I", .4 :' : SJACKSONVILLE ; ;
'. I :; / ;, THE'PAINE FERTILIZER: .CO. : )J;
.., : I ) ; : I J .. : <:: ;
.' FLAG, and NEW YORK, 'N.. Y.,' .",:::..t.: I

., ,

,:; ; ,', ',. ,,':.,' .', f,: ; E>S :Bx..ISH .. IN ::1S 9. I,j

':: ,'. >';',<;' .
';f,1t-:, # It

.. ,::' ';(;.\ii: ::" ',c';;,:}'i::";j/iTIi/i-7:,:,;: %,,:..,, ,; ... .' r, ;. '. ::1, -' "',,: ,. ..:.,.. .'. ,.. '
<, ...- \.1-.:>. .i..L.:1;'i<"f '.>'.I''