Florida farmer & fruit grower
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055765/00318
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: S. Powers
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: February 23, 1895
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note: Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038466
oclc - 01387403
notis - AKM6256
lccn - sn 95026761
System ID: UF00055765:00318
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen

Full Text
-' ,., ,,,,., -,,o S"!:":";.;;.'f'..r." ,; .t';'" 'J
; ,
-- ( trS. ::',!f' v
/ .. t r .

I ,._
I -

- .' -- V--.... ,. .... .
; ._ _, ., ,r: C
--. ..... ... .' r t \ ... ,.,,' I '" :
.. :;::',1:' ,': .... .. '
{ .
; 1 .
., .
c _,
# : .,
F : ':.; .

: .
.'"," I'r .7:1:
'. ; :

.... ...
;<.-.--- .
\ &I II'

I r1.WI' "

i ..
r ::

I I I I I Ii i, RUITv iiowgRWHICH .

... . .
Powers, Iublls1ier ami Proprietor. JACKSONVILLE FLA.. MARCH 2,. 1895. whole No. 1300 NEW SERIES.
] :- I )

i '

t. If You Want to Save Money



58-& 60 WEST MARKET ST. 119 & 12:1: MICHIGAN ST., '

BUFFALO,..",. N. Y. E E. 0 PAINTER & 001 ,


De .A.N'I: ), :F .A..

Correspondence invited and, stencils furnished on application, Reliable agents wanted at ...
I I' all principal shipping points, ; .
'1[ .i .
I '. t ; '' "
'I ,-,REFERENCES. :: '. : ;,4",:- Ior.prices"na"meAVHAT.yoii; wnt,the amount i and WHRRlf you wants iUde iv edO and'you' ,'i! "
.. ; .
-"_<"!..);..'..fe.--ib.-',. '' ;.to ;vA. .,."-...,.-v,',1'1 t; ..... Bsfefc'.. ;OBFr[ ."'."-*-* 1--Z*: '...,..-,"t"'n" : I .. l.OTV51CTI3:.. done, or"as.".."..* {?)/ .Mr. lbuuTders'warfh I't, Ifsxn tG.Jh": ":;;;' !ft.. hln4u!, ,,. ;;"
T\ it r :!
\ .c .. ; : ,
"" "' ,... tjtl\ L- _
"" "
oua1 au'k..o as:. "i11 rIa.' Bank Commerce*'Buffa1c( "' -* > ,' .J ""'; r T : ,,
...-- ;; .BtreetVAgen cies. ',..- ....-.'. -. ;(7'<;0." J, ,; I : ____,.\\.N' 'Y:' -Dun's an

'N Florida Low-Gra-de Sul. Potash, Cotton Seed Meal,

: P e BNOrNSNJ for .: Eqtabishet! | |883.. Kainit and Muriate Potash, Tobacco Stems, ., .
I I e ">; To everyone J interested in plan; :-1.;

l o NEW C ATA LOGUillustratedEde r'Sfor Concentrated Tankage, Tobacco Dust, ',.,_,.":<... 1895 '' : \',;'<\o. "'
Stems Ground .f :', f
Blood and Bone Tobacco "
0 s will be found invaluable. 64 pages; ? tl :.:; >.:; :i:1\S> .
7 for it. It's free. Although the recent cold hurt ircnbed and priced. Sendwe Bone and Potash Bone Black, S ; : :
are able to fill orders for almost everythingcaUuch of our outside stock, >J
"logued excepting Citrus Acid Phosphate etc. etc. >
oralflp A Specially fine line of Economic and
{ rnamental plants .. '"",.

UEASOy BROSfo Si.cco, Fin.I For Prices and of Corn .
I Write Analyses Fertilizer. ,:


I I In some parts of the country, at least, that THEY MUST HAVE) AN EARLY ORANGE, or no Fraiid-0TsFruit: Wrappers. POURS
Orange'at all. They are also learning that BOONE'S EARLY is not only the Earliest, but Best By Pressing the Lid.
and nearest to a Seedless Orange of any now grown. Budded Trees o/ this and other varieties _
for sale. Sample by mail for roc each, to pay postage. CATALOGUE FREE: ,.., ;.,:..,
I now oranges ,,
.- '.. \
I C. A. UOOIVE, Agent. NO MORE CHEATING. I\\\\;,.\'......,.......,...,,...\."...- .
, 'l"i..W'::;;;::;;'
, Semi-Tropical Nurseries, Orlando, Fla, %J"
Consumers of Fruit Wrappers may =-;,..I7)1f. ,.,
PLI.ALWD C.A.SS.A..A.. :MOW. now know that they get an honest ream ,' .
of 480 sheets and not 400 3 .'0 sheetsto w.i 1111
Thi plant, a native ot Braz'l, has been grown in Florida for several years and its popularity or \'} / 555
has increased with general planting. As a substitute for Irish Potatoes: for table use'it is unsur- ream as some unscrupulous::; dealers 1..; ,'/J ._
passed. For a feed for Ftockepec aJly mulch cows, it is very valuable, having been shown to supply. ,''t El :.">4':
I double the flow of milk. _:,. I .
Our stock of seed cane went through the late freeze uninjured, and we now have a large OUR "FAIR AND SQUARE" 'v,
stock on hand. tl'I'I ,!
Price cents lb two lbs for 50 cents, postpaid. -- p '..: 'f.
,I By express 30 or freight per ,;not prepaid, per too. feet, $i 25; per 1,000 feet 900. Printed Wrappers are put up in packages : II i"I:, 'I'I'!f ",I4., .. tilh!!!/! 'h"l I nl! ? : :; .. ,'",tl
of 1000 each, and each Wrapper is Tea and Coffee pots artistic design with novel ..-- >. \
I-I. G. I-JAS: 'J. INGS &s CO. S lr DSn1E1: .: I
method of
: numbered, in printing, consecutively pouring. Prices from$2.50 to$17. 5 I
Our 40-page Catalogue free. Interlachen I I : : 'Florida' from 1 to 1000. No one can each. Ask for them or send for illustrations. I
! This! is a good thing.- ,
SATSUMATRIEDLIATAI'll. 1 --.-- --- .- -- .-- -

prices. Send for samples and prices I SAW MILLworks S
( .J... labor: s new< Cuwioffuo iut i8v4-9S\ ,racouuts< : 17 years, experience: with the eaiiy.prouucuve okiid hardy Iatsumaocllngc; toTHE FARMER'S successfully with 4 .
and the vigorous Citrus trifoliata which. without protection stands the winters as far north a.I WMhlnlrton,uninlured.l h, p., also Grinding Mills '

OA i\io ;SaOEI.ITUS: ; FRUITS JERSEY CITY PRINTING CO., and Water DeLoach Wheels Mill Mfg Co..

in variety, onT>oth goo j JERSEY CITY, N. J. I
Vrnnes,apricots olives,mulberries,pOmPI'Tmates: ,almonds per"ens,J. "'an walnuts, Tapm chestnuts,kumquats ornamentals!, 323 Highland, Ave, Atlanta, Ga.OMOIO13 ,
N..B.-We do not deal in unprinted .V

'iestlntf EACHEIP; orchards and grouuds.J .EABJ'tSl\1i;? wrappers.

been a leading feature of the busiuess for thirteen years,and has amply dedbv P 1ti3I'1' anti: FLO'VgI. S
results obtained In our own rose rardcns.w have selected nnd olfcr,ns especiallvwcll adapted to the climate ofthisregion, FRUI 'LJi EE S.

Uandsolllc.60-page, fruit grower annual and horticuUuraUiand.boolc.freo! I bull and correct descriptions; 40 accurate, SOUTHERN ORCHARDS.Write .
artistic illustrations recent results with leading sorts| latest practice best methods culture and management Send toG Satsuma Orange, Hardy and Early. New
Ir. TAllER Glen St. TCarv. Fla., for new edition (enlarged and rewritten throtitrhontl of the CataWiie of hisGLENStMARY for Catalogue and price list.JENNINGS' Japanese Plums: Peaches, Pears, Roses, Camel- '
NURSERY CO. at very low prices. Catalogue for the tasking
NURSERIES D. 1,. I'llCKSOlv, Prop.Monticello t<;
Tkomaavllle, Ga. FUL tl W,,


j ''''",
a it V.t.1 1

.. ;

f 1

..-... ..... \I' .
.1 ao. fitb tORIbA f ARMfcft' AM riWr -a to1fl n. L .
\ ... _
-J' h
I _
-- .



'. "
.: The Cincinnati Desiccating Company's Pure Bone Fertilizer -

Manufactured from High-Grade Sulphate of Potash and Pure Animal Matter prepared by a desiccating process,which extracts the useless materials and moisture: Compounded according to-formula
especially adapted to the Florida trade. Analysis sworn to and guaranteed. Pure Ground Bone, Bone Meal,Cottonseed Meal and Agricultural Chemicals. '
K -
COCCIDICIDE : A material AHSOLUTK FATAL, to the alleyrodes citri,or white fly,in all the stages of its development. Equally fatal to red spider,rust mites,their'eggs|'.and to scale with.
out reference to the hatching period. The large t growers are using it with satisfaction... .. "
THE EUREKA INSECTICIDE : Widely used and favorably known. .

Automatic Spray Pumps, Hydraulic Spray. Pumps, Bucket. Brass Spray Pumps, Knapsack Sprayers, The Low Down Tank Pump
The Nos. 3 and 4 Climax Pumps, Tank Machines, Steven's Water Motors, Portable Engines for Irrigating and Spraying Purposes.,
Pumps'for General Use, House Force' Pumps,'Light Pumps for Wells, Wind Mill Regulator Force Pumps, Drive WellPoints. "
.**. ? NOZZLES:-Nixon Nozzles, Myers Nozzles. Gem Nozzles, Cyclone Nozzles' Improved- Vermorel. Nozzles!

if.:, ___ -
??(,:;1.L'i;:; :.:, Rubber Hose, Plain and Wire-Wound Rubber Lined Cotton Hose, Hose Couplings. "-/" /. .- ..?
< ':-;:. ;,.,.;;/PF : Hose Menders, Microscopes, Achromatic Triplets. _/" u


.. .
& Gibbs' Imperial Spring-Tooth Harrows, Imperial Spring-Tooth Cultivators, Imperial Heel U Bar Lever Smoothing Harrows,
One and Two Horse Wood and Heel Beam, Chilled and Steel Mold Plows, Coulters, Wheels, etc. .... .
. : -': '
ING : "
j .. ', PAC ,MEISr4 .... : : : __
;/.J),,", ''' '' ,.
Bangor Box Sides, Veneer Out Pine: Sides, = .
Dry Pine Heads: Sawed Birch Hoops.:, .
Split Birch Hoops, Freshly Cut Green Mixed Hoops:,

Manilla and Colored: Orange Wraps,

; :;ur":>,,/.;,:*, ,.....' ;-. ':-'.,..._,' .. . Shelf .paper:, Box Nails. :, etc,
1i;' : "y -
..Orange. Sizers' ,..Orange Polishers, ,Berry Cups and Crates, Cabbage Crates, Six-Basket Toma

S to- and Fruit Carriers, Pineapple Graces, Ladders.. '

t# V J .

OFFICE .A. D ,"VAREI-IOUSES ) Tackson.'iI1e F1a.
s., P 4Si XV. NI3AhZP .



Having been practical orange growers for a number of years, also in the business of manufacturing. Insecticides and using them our-]
selves for the last ten years, wo speak from experience when we make the following statement : '; .
That SULPHUR SOLUTION INSECTICIDE is by far the cheapest and best preparation yet offered to the orange grower:

.. It has never yet'been Adulterated(} or Diluted in any form whatever in order'to Lower the Price, as '

'. '
S, other Insecticides'.have been throughout the State, ,
But is always uniform in strength and can be depended on to accomplish the purpose for which it was made. ,It can be ,spray dlon'l|

the trees, at any stage of growth, without injury to them or-the persons using it. !
As sulphur will not kill all insects affecting the orange tree, we"have perfected another insecticide, known as Tar Emulsion, whichis i
very effective in destroying Aleyrodes Citri (commonly known the White Fly), also the Red, Spider (not the Spotted mite or Yellow

.I.i Spider. ), and used in; combination with Sulphur Solution it will give better results than any insecticide ever used. .'
We have tested it thoroughly the past two years ourselves, and know whereof we speak. v 5 .. .
These insecticides have been used by some of the largest orange. growers in the State !and have.given perfect satisfaction.. --v_Vv;;;

References and general directions for.using'furnished on,application. < ... '. :t
Write for Price-List. ;: i:

.5 S. McMASTER & MILLER,, : : :;i

San M ate O, F a.



-,--- ,- ,, ,- .-
? .
<< ," .. t ,

T "" z-- j J t :



'. YEAR. YEARR ::l
L Grove $ Orchard: From Florid Friends in Wss ing- erable protection to the grove, and had invented a successful degumming
ton. would in other
that ry 3
pay ways; gum machine
and was trying to get congress -
Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower
: camphor can be produced profitably '
to make '
Graf ting"the' Orange. Perhaps no one who has ever livedin in Florida, I have no doubt. There is him out with it.appropriation" to help Y.;..
'. Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower. Florida for: any considerable lengthof a growing steady demand for the pro- r
I am an interested reader of your time and then taken up his resi- duct. The price has increased from Mr. Saunders thought that Florida
paper for the past seven, years;. it has dence elsewhere, fails to feel a sympa- 18 cents too cents per pound, in a had many undeveloped resources, but ,
been worth to me many times its cost thetic interest in the State at this time, few years, although I am not sure thatit with becoming modesty he refrained
in my efforts to make an orange grove. when another damaging freeze has visited commands the latter figure just now. from entering at length into sugges-
We have now reached a critical time; it. A Florida resident once, and Camphor is used largely in manufactures tions as to how they should be broughtout. f w
our trees are many of them frozen Florida's friend forever, is the sentiment but the chief reason for its recent E
down, to the ground. An important that your correspondent feels, advancement in value is that it is :Mr. William A. Taylor, assistant
thing for inexperienced growers to arid it was his sentiment'which promp- an ingredient of smokeless powder. pomologist of the United States, was I -'
know is the best treatment for frozen ted him, today, to, seek encouragement "Every part of the tree yields the then interviewed. He is a high
orange trees. I read with care your ''.as to Florida's future as a fruit- gum, which ,obtained by cutting the authority on fruit culture, and, con- j
.. advice! under this'heading in the num- growing,State in an interview with the wood, branches, etc., into small sidering the vast field he has to cover, '
ber c of; February 2. I then went over highest authorities in the United pieces, boiling it in a covered vat embracing every horticultural interest .
my grove and examined my two or States, on than subject, the officers of and condensing vaporized gum on from the cranberry bogs of Maine to
three'hundred, trees,,out of seven hun- the Agricultural Department. straw. A Brooksville camphor grower the pineapple plantations of the Florida
dred, frozen to the ground; but I was William Saunters, superintendent of tried this plan, and not long ago he Keys, is surprisingly well informed on r
unable to decide how .I could saw the botanical gardens and director of sent me this specimen," said Mr. Florida and its products, as well as its
them off below surface of the the propagating grounds, was first'seen. Saunders, handing over a paper full general topography. He appears to I
ground-and graft( ,the stump and .coverall Mr. Saunders has filled this important of.white. crystals of genuine camphorgum know it like a spelling book. r i
but the top bud with earth., To place since 1866, and, having devotedhis as strong scented as any, from the "Our office has received but limited 1
do so I must/'sacrifice all the surface vigorous mind to, horticulture, agriculture island; of Formosa, or any where else. i information as to the effects of the _
i roots in every tree, which to rriy mind ,and the study of plants for "The camphor tree," continued Mr. freeze of the 8th of February in Flor- t
: :would be about equal to grubbing over fifiy years, he is one, of the best Saunders, "is.a beautiful shade tree, ida," was Mr. Taylor's response to the 4|
II them out. Can you be a'little more authorities on these subjects in this or and is so valuable that Florida might first inquiry. "From what we have %{
specific,' and so help me out of my any. other country. He has always probably take hold. of its culture in learned of the freeze of the 28th and f}.-
difficulty? I am anxious to save the taken a keen interest in..Florida,,whichof earnest." 29th of December," he continued, |I.
I year'if I can ,do so successfully..' late years has been enhanced by "What facilities has the Agricultur- "we think that it did not do much ; ;
!' .J. STANTON. the fact that'his son is interested in a Department for supplying the demand damage to the bearing orange trees in ti,i
_ Ormond. large orange grove at Eustis. He is for camphor. trees ?" was asked. the "orange belt. Young trees, and ;11
. P. S.-..Can you give us agood formula an agreeable and approachable man "We have no trees on hand for distribution particularly nursery trees, were badly
! : 1 for grafting wax? (as, indeed, most of the really important now. Three pounds of injured in many localities. Pineapple
I The above is a .sample of ',several government' officials are) and camphor seed were all we could obtain culture, even on the Florida Keys. j
, letters! we have received on this ,sub- readily consented to tell all ,he knew this, year. These have been received a setback, but had there been t''
':;'' ject. Of ,course, a large tree cannot about the freeze. On' his desk. were planted and the.trees will be ready to no second freeze, .there would }have; $'
i .- be cutoff below the ground! ; the only piled, many letters from Florida,, giv send out next, fall." been about.half. ,a crop. As it is, the #1 i f
!'; ;rt...s.!'.resource, is to cut it .off:,above. ground, ing details of damage done, or asking Mr. Saunders was the first one 'to next crop will amount to little, if <}
i 't' :' -low enough down 'to secure perfectly.sound advice as to what to cultivate 'in place introduce:the camphor tree into Flor-. anything.# :t
i:, bark, then graft-and bank up the of oranges. ida, as far as the writer knows, and twill "Some hitherto'hardy fruits suffered f:
': ,earth around it. The slips should be,of "One man in Volusia county," said l not be his fault if the Department in the last cold wave in FJcrida. We' ;j
i unquestionable soundness-free from Mr. Saunders, "wants} us to send him propagating houses fail to supply the learn from a grower at Gainesville I
j ( :. the effects of frosts-sharpened with a bamboos and "Persian limes-two demand for it. The fact that the wild that his Japan persimmons were killed
,\- long'slant on one side only, and pushed plants very sensitive to'frost, although, camphor groves of Formosa and other to the ground. This was, however, l.
down between the wood and the barkas of course, the bamboo :will readily : districts are being surely destroyed by undoubtedly because the trees 'were in ';
far as possible without splitting the sprout up again after getting killed the gatherers of the precious gum; a growing condition, as these trees I
bark. Put in several, so as' to make down. Another wants to start a grove -who never'think of planting trees to have stood out all winter in the grounds '
sure of at leastone growing. To make of camphor trees, and one honest replace those they hew down, would here, subject to a temperature of 5 1)\)\(
grafting wax melt together equal partsof I Swede in Orange county wants me to seem to furnish an additional reason degrees above zero, without apparent I.;,:|
tallow, beeswax and 'resin. A larger !send? him 'anything that will stand a why Floridians should give this valu- injury. The trees, however, were
proportion tallow will,make the wax temperature of from 15 to 110 degrees ble tree a fair, trial. dormant." more pliable, if desired. Wax%is not above zero.' The tenor of these let- "Olives- should be tried in the "We learn from a correspondent at
strictly necessary: if the earth is well ters is riot of discouragement, but ofa northern portion of Florida," said Mr. Montclair, Lake county, that camphortrees
\ ,banked ,up about the grafts and kept a determination to find something Saunders. "The tree stands freezing were killed at that place in the
little moistened until the scions get hardier than orange trees to plant."I weather and flourishes, South Caro- February freeze. From the absenceof
well started. The scions should be have long believed," he continued -' lina. I saw a'man with several bar- reports of injury to loquat trees,
cut now and kept in damp sand until "that the orange growers of .rels of olive oil made in South Caro- we are inclined to believe that they
the 'bark on the stock will slip.If Florida should,plant, in their groves, lina, which, however he could not weathered through 'pretty well. They
the'grower I tries this method ands some other hand hardier tree that sell to refiners, .because Americans do ought to, 'for they are very hardy.
succeeds: he will gain a year; if he would act as ashelter, 'from the cold, not believe that the oil, is fit for any- One of them.here was found sheathedin
I fails, "he will lose nothing but his labor and at the same time produce a marketable thing unless it comes across the ocean.I ice in a private residence recently,
for the stock will send sproutsall product. My friend,. Dudley believe that good quality of olives and is still looking green and fresh as
the same, which can be budded the Adams ,of'Tangerine, is, or used to be, might be grown throughout the far ever. At Myers citron 'trees, are reported -
regular'way next fall.Canning of this opinion. My observations in ,,south, except -possibly in southern as having been badly damagedby
1\\ Florida taught me that many of the Florida. cold. They are, however, very ,
1'_ Outfits.Editor celebrated Indian river oranges owed "There is no doubt, that ramie, the sensitive to cold, and were being experimented -
Farmer and Fruit Grower: their! beauty of color and delicacy of great textile product could be success- with by a man who intended -
Can you or any: of your readers give texture to the fact that the trees were fully' produced in Florida. A half to grow them on a large scale
information in, reference to canning well shaded by some of Unoriginal acre sown in ramie seed, would soon for market.
vegetables and fruits, viz, cost of small forest trees. furnish.roots for a good-sized planta "The only ,official .report which we
plant, and where 'same can be pur- "In my opinion camphor trees tion. When properly prepared, the I have received as to the effects of the
chased, also,books on canning ? would do very well for this purpose. fiber makes a fabric almost as strong last freeze on the orange trees of Flor
T. HIND. .From all that I can learn through as silk and with a sheen on it like fine ida is from Mr. W. T. Swingle, who I tf i
Georgetown,Fla. correspondence, the camphor trees wool. The chief obstacle to ramie has charge of a station at Eustis, and
Write to John Murphy & Co., Baltimore were not injured much by the Decem- culture has been the lack of a machineto has been making a special study of
M'd,, for a copy of their book ber freeze, but I have no reports of the properly prepare! the fiber for man- citrus fruit' diseases. .Mr. Swingle has
"Secrets of Canning." That gives full effects upon them of the cold snap of ufacture, as there is a gum in the carefully examined many trees, and
information_as to processes, outfits, February. An occasional row of camphor plant that greatly interferes with its has come to the conclusion that the
cost of outfits, where to procure them, planted throughout an. orange usefulness. A man was in my office bearing trees have been killed back to
etc. grove would, believe. prove consid the other day who claimed that he where the branches are one and one-


_:'4_. _.,!:, :--:,,!,_ ---r: ::::- -- :-C--- ....., ::;:":::-:..:=-_--'-C'.7.: : : :: =-.-,.- =--.?: :==z:_='ZT-:: ::=-==:E::=:-: ::-. :::?T :'- ;::::-:7'-.-;-:::-.-.'-_-----...::::::::- _..l',..-. .' T.,-,- .'n' L---: .!i..__'=h -- ,

-. n

...0.- '__ ,, _, r
: .
'-ter.-w.-t Ji,1.,: ','" ,. 1 r M
'i9' "
) '.,',<,/\:, ,,' ,.:. ':: ', ',

LOCKHART LITTLE, President J. E. STILLMAN, Sec and Treas..



.. : ,, i
,. "

: Especially Adapted to. the Requirements,/ of the Orange Tree.' , ;I

fi, November and December, are the proper months to apply fertilizers on the bearing groves to secure the best results. ,
f "

Orange Planters True Value. Number 'One, ., Orange Planters True Value Number Three," i

: Supplies all the needs of the bearing tree, Suppli all the needs of the young free.

We solicit the inquiries of the orange growers of Florida.- Correspondence cheerfully .answered. Pam-

phlets and prices furnished on application. ,, r .

-- .
-.--. --

half inches in 'diameter. In some The spoils of thy fair boughs are laid. showing than trees budded on sour and it is this soil heat which is con-

cases, where the trunks of the trees Lift up thy head, brave orange tree! ,,_ stocks; but aside from the question of ducted through the trees, that is a
-i are bursting, they are probably killed New life again is filling thee. foot rot with organic nitrogen fertili. material factor in enabling the larger .
': to the ground. Soon from thy glorious bloom shall riseA zers or unsuitable soils, there is no trees; to withstand cold. Owing to
'These freezes/however," declared grateful i incense to the skies. special advantage of sour over sweet the_ tenderness of youth a man can
! Mr. Taylor, "are mere incidents in Washington D.. 'C. L S. PEru INs. ,stocks. withstand more cold than a child.

. ; the history of orange culture inJFlor- >+* There is undoubtedly a considerable The same rule holds good in the vegetable i
k ida, and their effects will be but tem- "Fruit_ Sap, and Growth Sap." element of danger during freezes world. The neglect to protect
>- porary. I believe that within three Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: like those of this winter in baring the young trees, either by artificial protection 1
:, years, if no other freeze should come, Your inquiry as to effects of freezesto collar roots of sweet seedling trees as or cultivation, has set them back ;
the orange crop of that State will be hand and noted, but, as you say, it a preventive of foot rot. two or three years, while the old trees'are '

,,: .. as large as ever, and within .two .years is too early to predict,with any accuracy I certainly think there will ,be less only temporarily set' back; 'and
it will be. of respectable size. The'' as to how the trees will come out haste in the future both as to growingtrees this year there will be some fruit.
growers will continue 'to plant seed or this,year's crop. There was great quickly' and pushing' them to, the "In the tropics the orange tree fruits
and to bud ,on the new sprouts that variety of conditions of ability to .resist -: limits of their endurance of fertilizersand and blooms '"an the year. Should',
come up, and the citrus industry will the freeze of February 7. cultivation to produce enormous" there be an open spring, and growing
go on as lively as ever. The area' of I have never before heard that there crops of fruit. weather from November until June,
orange production may be restrictedto was a "fruit sap" which an orange tree With high freight rates quality pays i ,will it not be a reasonable probabilityto
a somewhat smaller territory thanit "could elaborate separately from a better than quantity, and in a, middle have a June bloom?"
now occupies, and there may be a "growth sap." It is a fact, of course, course is safety. E. S. HUBBARD. -, .---
general tendency to cultivate the hard- 'that an orange tree's sap is conditionedin Federal Point, Fla About the Freeze of 1835.
ier varieties. A study of the history a considerable degree by the character The reference by our correspondent -
; and conditions of ,other orangegrowing and proportion of the plant food was to a passage in'a Brooksville Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower:
: countries shows, that.these freezes ingredients, and that organic nitrogenor letter to the'Times-Union, as follows : Mandarin Settlement," as it used
/ may be expected at intervals, but the a nitrogenous fertilizer applied in "It is a well-known fact that the to be called, is on the east side of St.
recuperative powers are such that, in the summer growing season will stimulate sour orange tree is the hardiest orange Johns river in Duval county, is bounded .
spite of these occasional set backs, it long-legged twig-growth which tree in the State, and, because of that on the north, west and south by the
;. pays to plant orange trees where no does not harden up in such a manner, hardiness, it grows at a much lower river; on the southeast by Julington'
other obstacle stands'' in the way of as to develop fruit buds, while a well temperature than the sweet} seedling.The 'creek*, which is from a quarter to a.
their successful culture." balanced, slow acting, complete chem- grafts or buds, therefore; are in half mile wide and Js navigable for
Such encouraging words, from such ical fertilizer, applie l in early winter, active growth earlier than the seedlingtrees. large steamers ; on: the-east by a line
high authorities as these, will no doubtbe will, for the amount of food elements This condition continues un running from' Julington creek to
welcome ,to readers of the Dispatchwho applied, usually produce the most and til the budded trees come to bearing, Godby's lake, so-called, which ,is apart ,
have felt their spirits fall with the best fruit and the best twig-growth for when these conditions change some- of the river about eight miles
thermometer, and who are prone to another season'scrop, the soft, nitro- what. The sap that, while the tree south of Jacksonville. Within this
forget how quickly Florida orange trees .genous, summer growth being less resistant was young, made new growth, has 'its settlement, which, is from, one to three
recovered from the {freeze of 1886. to frost, aside from the fact that constituents changed so as' to form miles wide and' five miles long, are
The writer believes that within four the tree is-kept in, a growing condition .fruit buds. It)is known that the sap more than half the orange trees and

every vestige of the blizzard's later in the season. which makes fruit has a larger ..percentage more than half the oranges grown in
work years will 'have disappeared from the On the other hand, ,an, orange tree i of chemical elements more Duval county. .
!.. of Florida ; that in the bearing a large crop of fruit, must in'' capable of resisting cold than the sap The oldest settlement made here
orange groves
freeze, noxious insects were winter, while its growth is dormant, which makes new growth. The fruit. was in the eastern part, on both sidesof
killed that many the general health of the still .keep sucking up and evaporating sap contains more potash, phosphate, the convent and church of the Sisters -
State was; improved thereby (although considerable moisture to keep its fruit etc., which is capable of resisting more of St. Joseph. Here,.twenty-five ,
"':. it is good enough as it is), and that it alive and hanging on the tree, and cold than the growth sap, or the foliage years ago, I went to-IntervIew two old :
will bring new and valuable resources this practically constitutes a growing sap, which l latter is largely nitro- men, one 82 and one .84 years old, I
to the front which might otherwise condition also, and such trees receive genous and more diluted, and conse- who lived on the original grants given
have been overlooked and forgotten. more injury than trees carrying little quently, less resistant. to cold than the them by the Spanish government when
fruit. ". fruit sap. Florida was under the Spanish flag. "
0, fairest,tree that mortal man I have been able to see very little "There is another element that, so I told them that in my native North
E'er nurtured since the world behold began, difference in the frost-resisting qualities far as the correspondent has observed, the seed of a good apple, ,pear or
,: No more crown our of wondering emerald, white eyes and gold. of sour and sweet orange trees at has not been mentioned in the daily peach would never or seldom come
'- low temperatures. In' light frosts the press. The cold waves which reach the same ;i" that we could only get
For Winter smote thee in thy prime, sour tree usually comes out best and Florida are only temporary; before good fruit by grafting or budding.
. And scorched thee' with his frost and even in frosts severe enough to make they have time to do any damage to They both said emphatically that the

: Where rime children; sought thy summer the leaves drop sour trees that are not the 'roots of the orange tree, they are seed of oranges would- "come the
shade, bearing heavily make a little better dissipated by the warmth of the soil, same every time, but that the fruit

\ ,
--. -- --, -------. -. ,- ,",, ,, I
t. : ,, : ...'..,... ''1-.I.r' -
iTiL' ; I. :::.J.:..,H"t ''':"".-' ''':' ""t_ =

-- -------.....-_


1 I ...
-' .
\ ::
; >>' '
: -


> Orange Trees Vegetables, and Pineapples. Every kind of Raw Material. f

: 'j

> A H B C AForbearing

.. '.:
"' young .." "'
trees. For bearing trees. For trees. Vegetable bertil ixer.
.orange 4 to 5 p cent. Ammonia..... ...orange..;. :3 to 4 per cent. Ammonia...............ige. 5toH per cent. Ammonia............ ... 5 to 0 per. cent.. .' :.' ):
; Avail phos.acid.:........ 8t010" Avail phos. acid .. ... 6 to 8" -". Avail phos. acid.........7 to 8 ". V Avail phos. acid ........ 6 to 8. ,.i
!nflolphos.acid......... 2 to 3" In sol ph os. acid....... 2to a" hos. acid. ......2t03. Insolphos.ucid..2to 4 ." ',;'fk
'Y. Potash K20 ... .... 10 to 12 II I Potash K20 ............ 14 to 16" Potash J20.. ..... .... :3to4 PotashKJJO... II.....'... 9 to 1U" 'i.!. r
$38 per ton. $37 per ton. $34 per:ton. $3S per ton. I<.' 'f'
.. ,

would be' influenced by soil and climate that time. And now what millions The live oak grows best in a damp, ER, which I am glad to pay as it has
and fertilizer.I might be saved by .the axe in most sandy soil. They:: are found on the been greatly, very greatly improved.D. .
asked them if there were no other parts of the State. These two old men margins.of our lakes and rivers. WRIGHT, A
kinds but the common sweet.orange. said "it was a sight to see the sprouts I can best testify to my appreciationof Auburn, N. Y.
They said there was one( the little grow that summer, and in two -yearswe the, live oak as a shade and ornamental ..
"Chaney" .(China)) or Mandarin. It had oranges again. Them was tree, by stating the fact that I Potash in Tea Culture..
was entirely distinct, and would never oranges; 200 would fill a barrel." have planted over one hundred aroundmy I sen( you l last week a copy of my
mix either -in fruit or flower. "Whywere I have had to cut down one small place near Monticello, and that I pamphlet "The Comparative Anal-
they not more often planted?" tree about twelve feet high, so. muchof have seventy-five growing finely. yses of Indian, Ceylon and China ;
"They are smalll tree, easily <,killed the bark had frozen and turned They should not be planted closer Tea," being a reprint of the papers
by the cold, and do not suit the gen- sour next the wood. But I feel sure than forty feet apart, and I now think published in the Ceylon Observer in '
erality of people as well as'the common paving a bearing tree again without fifty a better distance. April and May, 1893. A request
orange." any trouble orexpense.. My: larger They grow rapidly, are very long- from one of the large London firms of
Dr. Davis, of 'South Jacksonville, trees have green, smooth bark from lived, are never blown down, and I Tea brokers for a copy of these papers
,.. told me he had (think) thirty varieties the roots to the small twigs. And I think they are an ideal shade tree. induced me to have them printed in

,of oranges. That was about twenty believe the orange groves jQt' Mandarin The, magnolia is next on my list but it pamphlet form, and if any planterswill
of "like the I would be write me, I shall be pleased to 1
years ago. But two kinds have yet properly taken care are grows very slowly. gladto .
"* become numerous enough or good Kiterils which are from everlasting to be of service to your Association in send them a copy. i
enough to quote prices in the markets, everlasting and for evermore." My any way that I can. You will recollect that in that paper ;
or (I believe) ever will. asked these trees are not foolish enough to start J. H. GIRARDEAU. I drew attention to the fact of the
old men.about the earliness.or lateness buds and young leaves before ..Marchin Monticello, Fla. amount of the soluble ash in made tea

of the fruit. "Nobody: can, tell two ordinary years and.so were injured. For the light, deep oils of Jefferson agreeing with the market price in Lon
little the last cold. don, also that the chief mineral con-
months'ahead which tree will have.the by county no doubt correspond.
earliest or latest fruit on-it, or whether Whoever thinks that forest protec- ent's preference is correct, but in the stituent in the soluble ash was potash,
I all will be-'early or late." tion is not a good thing in October' dense, heavy soil of the flat woods oi f 'and l lastly that it naturally followed
that.the richness of the soil in
1 j- V- V ABOUT THE FREEZE OF 1835. gales or'winter freezes, can comparemy Bradford county, the live oak does not potash
j had then grove with.my neighbor's and "re seem so well adapted as the water would largely influence the economical t
; '-" "We both bearing groves will and continued production of tea.
ceive instruction. There be 'no oak. It is the almost universal testi
i *';l of over 100 trees. each.. There were when Mr.
more glutting the markets with oranges of old settlers that the water oak Subsequently reviewing ii
in the settlement
I > two other groves in my time, if I die in any reasonabletime more rapidly than the live oak Bamber's interesting book I drew
_ about as large. Henry Hartley's, attention the
special to in
and the crank who is (orever'preaching
of though, of course, it is not so lasting.,
where you now live, three-quarters "budded trees" will 'sing the proportions of potash present in 1
j;, .
i ,a mile, from the river, and Jimmy small" for afew at least. tea soils quoted in the book. The
Plummer's, near the river, and near "A diligent spinner years has a large Bartram on Florida Climate. potash in the 27 analyses varied from
what is now Plummer's Postoffice. The ,Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower : in soil from
shift." The hens lay well their 2.50 a Darjeeling to .13
morning after thefreeze was'warm and sell, well,'and .starvation -is along way In regard to the change of climate.in in a soil from Jorehat, Assam, in:
sunny, and it,was like Fourth of July off I was told when "thata Florida, I send you an abstract from which :Mr. Bamber remarked that tea
firecrackers to hear the bark of-the or- yet. broke until young his neck the journal of John Bartram, who wasa did not flourish. ...
man was never
age tree trunks.crack and snap and broke." noted botanist of Philadelphia, and These remarks appear to have at- 4
fly around. We set the niggers to The loss of our orange crop crip- was sent by the Government of Great tracted the notice of Ceylon planters,
work and cut every tree close to the pled us some but! better days are surely Britian',..to East Florida to examineand for several soils from the island have
ground ,before we stopped to limb coming.' "If winter bellows from the describe the'country in order to since been submitted to me for analysis -
them out. Then they hitched on the North soon the sweet spring comes encourage its settlement by'British sub ,,and'I am still engaged in the examination ;
oxen and''hauled them into the woods. forth and natufe smiles again." jects. He passed up and down the of others.
and Plummer dancing St. Johns river in the winter ot 18656.
Henry Jimmy
Hartley We have been given a lesson, let us By way of illustrating-- importance '
thought their trees were not hurt so take it to heart. "Never put all your When above what is now Jackson of potash as an essential con-
bad and,left them and ville-"December 23d, cold morning, ,
standing, they i into one basket." If we cannot stituent of luxuriant foliage and in
died root and branch," learn eggs by experience we are certainly thermometer42, wind N W." promoting the rapid growth of young
There were a few more trees in this unteachable. "25th cool hazy morning, thermometer wood, I took the opportunity during

vicinity but not likely more than nine There is good money in other things 46 "in the open air, near Lake my tour in Scotland last September,

or ten in any one man's,yard. Squire besides and let us try to get George. to select some 10 specimens of the
Acosta for one had several trees saidto some'of oranges it. 1. January 2d, ((1886)) "white frost on stones picked up during my walk
be seventy-five years old at the time M. CHESEBRO. the boat, thermometer 35." from the Landing Pier on Lock Nessto <;
) '
I of the freeze of 1886. They then died Plummers, January 3rd, "clear cold morning, the famous Falls of Foyers which '
of the cold and "bad gum." This Fla.'m i thermometer 26, wind N. W. The are surrounded Ly a most luxuriant
was not, and is not foot rot, as the .The Live Oak for a: Shade Tree. ground was froze 'an inch thick on the growth of trees whose foliage exhibitedthat
gum oozed in patches six inches to Editor Farmer and Fruit..Grower"AsrequestedI ., banks; this was,the fatal night that de- peculiar dark green appearance
two feet wide from six to twelve. feet enclose the leaves of stroyed the lime, citron and banana which is always indicative of a natur-
from''the ground. There was no gum I' the genuine live oak. They, however, trees in Augustine, many curious ever- ally rich soil. The results of these
3, to be.seen hear the ground. 'For the will be of little service to you as greens up the river that were near 20 stone analyses are very interestingand
benefit of Rural" and .others I will I can match them perfectly with wa- ,years old, and in a flourishing state; show upwards of six ((6)) per cent
;', say that these trees were never plowed ter oak leaves. There are, as you the young green hoots of the maple, of potash in'some of them.-Letter in

..:'.. in the last fifty years of their lives' say 'an endless variety of oaks in' Flor elm" and pevis, with many flowering Tropical Agriculturist.
: because would have'been impossible ida, and some very similar to live plants and shrubs never before hurt.'* --e..
. to do so. oaks. I cannot trust the selection of "6th, clear morning, thermometer, Dr. Price's Cream Baking Powder
:': ''" Henry Hartley was 'offered $4,000 them to any one, but always personally 38, strong wind N. W." World's Pair Highest.Medal. and Diploma.

... ..' "< for the old part of his grove before attend to it myself. I tell them "-7th, clear morning, thermo meter. Orders are being received in ]\lana-,
,'\ the freeze. He had a young grove of .by thecolor and appearance of the;", 3 6" tee.for crowp budding,wood of orange,
\ ; ":- 200 trees:which would havesoon come : bodies of the trees,-*and by signs that -! "i6th, very cold wintry day." lemon and grape fruit for buddingtrees
i f:':'"'.;. into bearing beside 'I have thought I[ could not well describe, and even Please find herewith twO dollars for in other portions of the State,
'.' :' many a time what an effect the judici. these signs are not unerring,guides at another year's subscription for the which suffered more than we did by
I I. : ous use of the axe might have made at I a certain age. FLORIDA FARMER AND .F! UI1' GROW- the late freeze.-Manatee Advo'cate.7. I,

.. ,

'.:=.. -r- .... 7. .
K --::" -__ :.:.; ,:; :-:-;t.1 -;= '"='",.=-; ;;.


'. -,.. ..... '.. .
-': .. ."::' : '.'.. .: ..,. .-: '. ',. ', .... ., .. ." :, _
\ .
r \. -
;-- ? ',.. ,
r I ,
.'\ .. ,, ., "
; '

YOU WILL NEED""T"" ,,n"wvyYVT "" ... -- _' -','::

I ,.


,. .
nnft GOODS are reliable and ., '. : ;;
11 I DAI/CD .hJ?
.. & 8 : '
J .
__ Quick Acting for Orange .; ;

I Trees and Vegetables, : .' .. -;



Namely-Nitrate: of Soda, Sulphate of Ammonia! Cotton Seed Meal, Blood and Bone, Fine Ground Tobacco Stems, Chopped Tobacco ..;: .

,. Stems, Kentucky Tobacco Stems, Acid' Phosphate, Dissolved Bone, Potash, Kainit, etc. : )j
I '.:' I

.' We also Mix any Special Formula at Lowest Possible Cost. ? ,,.. .: : .:' :,',. '.':- .:
.,->,. |B| '' '" ||1111111 ---- ;

Write for Prices and Analysis. We seek j the Grower's trade direct. : :.,r.'. .; .: ;:",:';t. l

-. LARGEST.. STOCK. QUICK SHIPMENTS.. I -. .. :.-..j jVITi'SON ::',

i '" chi TO.Ol'\tIER, : : :
I ,
'\. ", .
Ja.okSO.1:3.-v-J.11e.::: F'1orJ.da. :J'I-IE: FE TILIZkR OUSE OF' FLORIDA.' I -

Trucker has all disappeared, fill with light soil feet'' deep in a: pit prepared for that Samuel B. Allison, of this city, who .. ,
Farmer g a and pack tightly. Surface wateringafter purpose. If this is done carefully, has devoted the past:twentyfouryears; -, -
....- -- --- ....- ........- plant has been set out- is time you will have no more trouble with of his life to the perfection of this _
Tomatoe's.Notes wasted and an injury; better hoe them: until late in the summer or early machine, and now that it has reached
on forty five varieties of toma around the plant and leave the soil in the fall, when the picking shouldbe that stage of perfection where thereis

toes grown at the South Carolina ex- fine and pack with back of hoe. done again.- If it were not for the no,question of 'its ability to prepare,

periment'station are found in bulletinNo. As a rule tomato plants grown from broods raised in the corn field, the, the fiber in a proper manner for spin.

,, 16. In regard to culture, best cuttings make,a better crop than from above process would entirely rid us of ning, it opens up a new field to the

LV varieties, ets., the conclusions arrivedat (late) seedlings. The plants are more this pest. l 'Southern! planters, which, up to the
are, stated as follows by the writer,1 stocky, they begin to.bear as soon as For "black rot" on the blossom end present.time, they do not seem to real- ,

J. F. C. C. DuPre: the growth begins,and the cool nightsof of'the fruit, I use the 'same remedy as, ize. It is a,solution 'of the problem. .. "
Neither very rich, soil nor high fertilizing September seem to favor the outgrowth above. The-habit of pulling is necessary to a, maximum and maturity of the fruit. fruits and throwing them: 'on the crop beyond a 'doubt,. and .when the :- i

crop of, tomatoes. Ordinarily good I Among 'the best early'varieties are I ground,- is"that.much was'te.of time, as matter'is'placed before the planters:ink '..:'" ,
cotton land, with 200 to 300 pounds the Early ,Ruby," Chemin and both the worms: and fungi remain to the proper'manner, as it'will be before ..'. .
cottonseed meal per acre, is sufficiently"rich. Hathaway's Excelsior." For a gen- reproducethemselves in greater abun- long by the company which has under-, :
The plants'may not be so eral crop and for general purposes, we dance. taken to 'place Mr. Allison's invention -
'vigorous, nor grow so large, but the have grown none better than "Match- .S .. ..- on the market they will appreci-- I
fruit will be as abundant, and not so "Mitchell's New ", "'Stone" Ramie Culture .Certain. f *
less, ate the enormous value of the inven-

liable to rot.; and "Red Cross." The Dwarf Since ,the decided movement on tion., I
Plant in rows four feet apart, and Champion" is also an excellent vari- the part of the cotton. planters to reduce I
three to four in the row. Cultivatethe ety. Growing erect, it takes up but the 'acreage of the fleecy staplein Dr. W. C. Stubbs has had one of

same as you would corn. Gather little ro m. Golden Sunrise (Hen order to force the price up so that the decorticators at the experiment i

all-wormy and diseased fruits as fastas derson) is the best yellow we have at ,least ,the article" can be produced station at Audobon park for" sometime i
they appear and bury them deep or grown The.".cme," while a good with reasonable profit, there has been, and' his recent report shows beyond -' ;.

burn. tomato; has never missed having the' a general discussion as to what cropto ,a 'doubt, that the problem has
Trellising, pruning, tying up to black rot at blossom end. substitute for the acreage which is been solved. This machine has been

stakes, etc., is all very well, if you THE ''TOMATO WORM. thus rendered available. Diversification organized to prepare1 the product for

have only a few plants, or a small gar- Fully one-fourth of the first crop of of the crops is the cry, and ,the the market. There the plant'grows,
den, but for Afield crop of an acre or fruit on the early plants was destroyedby new crops spoken of are' corn, fruits in, great profusion, and it'is intendedto
it will 'not for the trouble.If and well the fat secure a large quantity of the roots
more pay the boll or" corn worm (Heliothis vegetables, as ,as porkers -
the ground is high and well drained armigera). This is the same :worm whose juicy sides are such a neces- from there for planting in this countryas ,
(and there should,be on no other) let that bores into the cotton boll, and sity' on every plantation, where hog soon as the planters show a disposition -, i
t the plants follow their own inclinationand eats the "roasting" ears of corn. As and hominy are the main articles of to go into the extensive cultiva- i
lie on the ground. A handfulof its habit is to hide itself in the fruit as food for the plantation hands, and in tion of the,plant. There,has already '

soil on,the stem when it touchesthe soon as.it is large enough to crawl, it some cases of the small farmers them- been a great deal said about the uses,
earth will cause it to throw out is almost impossible to reach -it with sevles. \ to which the fiber can be put, so it is '

roots and renew its growth and con- poison or insecticides, therefore we There.has been very little said of the needless to here recount ,them. Suffice -

tinue longer- in bearing. must look elsewhere for a remedy.We cultivation of ramie for the reason thatit it to say that the very finest fabrics -

TRANSPLANTING.Transplanting have two invaluable friends in has been found, almost impossible to the exact' counterparts ,'of silk,
., once or twice before the common bluebird (Moticella'sialis) secure a machine that would decorticate can be manufactured from it, as wellas

they are put outin the field will make and the toad. For the first named it and, degum it with any degree I numerous other merchantable arti-
i of It has been of I cles, such as a species of shellac,
the plants more stocky and increase make comfortable boxes, say five inches economy. a source
and elevate on poles ten or general regret that this has been for a which is absolutely fire-proof, and alsoa
of ,
the number roots, thereby giving square '
1 of 'The.
superior quality sealing wax. .
them a better start. No plant of any twenty feet high, all over'the premises time'ranked among the impossible
of heretofore has- been
the things for this plant, as has been dem- source supply :
kind should be pulled up out of the and especially near vegetables. China and Japan, where the plant is
with trowel will cent on all onstrated on many occasions, grows
bed, but carefully dug up a They. pay ioooaper and hand
de-gummed by
in moths without much cultivation in the Southern decorticated
destroying grubs
-or some similar tool, and the roots cost ,
worms, bugs etc. The toad needs States, and of such quality that the by the patient natives, who manage
handled as carefully as possible. ,
i ,fabrics be' made of it.. to clean about five or? six pounds of
asi attention to be let can
special very
with trowel no except
Dig a hole a as deep
each. Such labor is altogether -
11' you want the plant,and large enoughfr alone. He will take care of all in- It is almost indigenous to the soil of the fiber a day '
tie roots to be. spread. Fill with sects that walk late or rise very early. Louisiana, and when once a root isplanted impossible: in a civilized coun?
that I the is there for almost all try, where labor cannot be had for the
fine soil and pack hard, with hand or The most effectual remedy crop *
i* s small pittance that the coolies of those
foot-the dryerlheland the harder the have tried is to gather every fruit upon! time. "., "
packing. If ground is very dry fill or in which worm, is,found, together Mention has been made in. these countries 'ivork'for.Captain .
the hole with Water after the plant has with all that are faulty or m any way columns of the invention 'of a decor- Allison's invention has been

been in* but not set, After the water' diseased, and bury them at*{ least two ticator and degummer by Captain placed. inthe hands of the Perseven7 I

l' .'


-- ----- '
,... .- : ,' ...... ..
', ..... '

.: :. .. H : i : .


136 ;
.. 'oR:"

ence,Fiber Company, a stock company special attention. It can be truthfullysaid POPULAR POULTRY FARM .
organized tinder the laws of Louis. that now, abundant capital is ob- :;

iana,with a capital stock of $1,000,000. tainable for the business, all questionof ) II

.I Mr. W. H. Parmenter has been in doubt is eliminated, and the south 'APOPKA, FLORIDA. 1'

the city for the past three weeks in- will have an.opportunity to avail itselfof '. Opinion of the Press. f
vestigating the merits of the device on the best, commercial' opening she +&\
has had." N. The Vice-President of the Florida Poultry Association ,.
ever O. Picayune.Poultry.
: behalf of several Northern manufacturers and editor of the South Florida Home, '
I ,",and his conclusions are best given makes the following comments on the exhibitat
South Florida Fair:
: in his own words in the following Interview
The next In order comes!! the Popular Poultry -
with a Picayune reporter yes-. Farm, Apopka, S. S. DeLanoy, proprietor: with ..
terday afternoon : one trio each: of I.angKhans, Indian Games,
Edited by S. S. DeLANOY, Apopka, Fla. White and Dlack Minorcas-and four
''I "I have been investigating SamuelB. ,- ............... ---- ........-- better Leghorns trios! were seldom seen. The Indian

Allison's fibre machine and his Setting Hens. Games were the best we have ever seen, and

process of removing the tenacious While this is an old and worn-out _ easily won the blue card, as did the White Leg
gum that hitherto has resisted the efforts still horns 'and Minorcas.!'. The Langshans ought to
subject to some, there are pointswe {
have had the first, but through an oversight o
of the most famous chemists of alL(. learn and adopt our own
an to "
the Judge it was given to a pair that were dis
j I the! world to beat ito, that the decorticated advantage. qualified. J

'I fibre could, be spun without Those that have experimented" with The above, coming from a breeder of experience j
is worth the attention of all who contemplate I
other fibres with itIn *
' having to use shipped tell us not to set them .
,'I eggs the purchase of fowls or eggs.
1,1 the interests of numerous! large manu- immediately on arrival, but to remove Send stamp for catalogue.ITALIAN |
factories in the North, I have made as them' from the basket and turn themin
complete an investigation as is possible, the opposite lirection from which S. S. DeIOY: PROP. 11 I

with a complete and satisfactory' ,end- they were packed and allow them tort

ing. I am satisfied, beyond: any st for twenty-four hours before set- place her in front 'of her new home

I question, that, there is 'an opening ting; that by so treating them better and see i if. she will not go on of her You're the loser unless BE'ES

: through this ,double invention of a results can be expected. A medium own accord. If she is a well disposedhen you sweets keep of bees nature to gatherthe about

I most, important industry for this section. sized,hen makes the best sitter, and she can be trusted with the sitting you. lee Keeping I**
IMeaonnt und Profitable to either In town
of the country, an industry that will mother. When you are sure, she 'is after a,couple of days' training. No or country \t\\ faire! Uee Book free to all.
J. ,1E\KIXS:: s, AVetiimpUn, Ala.
revolutionize, not only the production. broody,, prepare a new nest; the old matter ,how kindly she 'takes to her ------., -- -. - --
of fabrics the United States, ,but one that she, and the rest of the flock new quarters it is best to keep your

I will also give a more profitable crop have been iu the habit of ,using is not eyes on her, and be sure, she is there LVE '

than the South has ever known. The the proper place to set a hen. Thereis when you shut up the nest at night, '-' 3 Horse pig and high chicken bull glm[

I only question is, will the South, and more danger of vermin and the or'you may have all your labor for Make It yourself ..
13to20 : .
:r more particularly Louisiana, Mississippi other hens are apt ,to bother her and nothing.The 50 styles. A man a and boy can mate

and Texas: avail itself of this opportunity increase ,the setting with fresh-laid i 1 best;> and safest, plan is to have S4Q BROS.to GO rods,_..Ridgeville aday. catologfree.KtSELMAN Ind..

or' will it go North, there to eggs, which are 'not, desirable. Then' a small yard or building especially for '" ,

' ,be monopolized and only the cheap you would have to be constantly, worrying sitting hens, that they can not get, out

'I grades of"cotton continue to be manufactured the sitter in removing .them, of. Then you can keep feed and METAL

,, here ? I shall be greatly whereas: ,".she should not be disturbed water before them at'. all times, and allow WHEELS ,

surprised enterprise does not awake any mire than possible. them to get off and ,on as they

1 to the importance'of this invention. A flour barrel makes a very good please, and when they find they cannot for your .

I "Once establish ramie spinning and nest: I knowof, nothing better. Sawa get out tto the old nest they will WAGONS

I i' .fabric mills: here, it ,will ,be possible to hole large enough to allow ,the heir take to the new one without trouble.. Any size you want 20 =

;1 l demonstrate the fact f that you can to enter in the center of the barrel as I ,have, moved sitters two miles and t to 66 in.high. Tires t =

1;! manufacture the better'grades of goods low down as the hoop will" allow.' confined them in this manner without fit to 8lDwide-hubs any axle. Naves to ,

I as well as the cheaper. With, ,a new Place the' open end down. If ,the trouble ; if they are good and broody Cost many times in _r-

4! industry you can create skilled labor, opening' too high, so as to endangerthe have placed. the eggs under them at of a season low wheels to have to'set fit -
'and textile has looked But of there is some your wagon for hauling
I as every man eggs by ,the hen jumping down once. course gram, fodder, manure
I forward for, ,years to the time when onto,them, turn the barrel in the sand risk in doing so, and I should not try bogs, &0. No resetting of !_

I ramie would be capable of spinning, until sinks to the desired depth, it on a setting of eggs I had purchased. tires.EMPIRE Oatl'g free.MFG.Address CO., __

1 you can attract the best skilled, labor rather than bring it up by an increaseof Fowls so confined are also safe from Qulncy, Ill. '--

I ,here from all parts of the country. nest material. Hollow out the sanda egg' sucking dogs...
11 j Your climate is soil is in the S. S. D.
b your perfectly little, saucer-shape, and place the finest fowls In
cultivation and E G G S them ,at prices that
fi adapted to !spin nest material. Some use pine straw, defy competition. 42 va-
Males in Thd PoultryYard.Editor rietien,8corlng DO to t1634.
I ning.- claim that the con- '
and turpentine
1 1 Before buying,do not fall to get our
I "As to the market for ramie fiber; tains is not relished by insects.: I use For Farmer the benefit and Fruit of Grower.Mrs. Mills and contains finely Illustrated remedies 40, recipes page catalogue.and much It
information should have, ,
can. turn entire cotton acre- pine hay, packed in so as not to cause you prices
you your others I wish to'say it has been proved l etc. Postpaid only 6 cents.
age into'ramie and yet fail to. supplythe the'eggs to roll all into a heap in the JJower&Barry Box :3 Dakota,111. p
that males are worse than useless unless -
$300,000,000 worth that foreignand center of the nest. You need only a ---- .
raise chickens. Hens
l one want>to
,American manufacturers will of inches of nest material.
use couple
lay better their keep better where HATCH CHICKENS BY STEAM
as soon as they can depend upon a Now, the' first thing to do is to give there'are no male birds in the flock. WITH THE MODEL !
regular supply. There is: no guess the hen thorough. dusting with insect EXCELSIOR INCUBATOR.

work ,about this. The English government powder; which, should be repeated the M. CHESEBRO_. ,.an< old egg man. ...-..- r 11 Thousands Operation.In Successful
ill jlr
I has stated that such an third day before the eggs are expectedto Dr., Price's Cream Baking Powder _";3,. p ')_ SIMPLE SELF.llEGUL.4.TljVG., PERFECT"and

'amount in value will beTequired. You hatch. Also give the nest and eggs: Most Perfect Made. -, I O imrnn te >d to hatch a .
I of
--- -- -- ,
I must remember that China has hitherto a good dose at the same time, thus in- fertile eggs,at I ess!! cost,
"Should Eggs be Ooged7asked Lowest priced I ** than any other Incubator.
supplied the world practically; but .suring chicks free from lice. Neveruse First class I t Send6c.for Illus.Catalog.
I today the English, Austrian and grease on a sitting hen; she would M. T. McD.,,. Little Rock, Ark. GI O.Hatcher H.NTA made.II L,114 0 to 122 li.Circulars 6th at.Q Free.nLev,111.

French factories are unable to get itas be liable to grease the eggs and thus We do not believe it advisable to cool -- -

required, owing to the Japan-China close the pores and smother the chicksin the eggs for. any length of time. I fjEW PAGE CATALOGUE '

war. With Mr. Allison's machine in the shell. If an egg' gets broken.in When reduced to 75 or So degrees AND GUIDE to Poultry Baisors(or 1895. !
smeared and returned to the machine, it often Contains over ISO fine illustrations show.
general use, the Chinese cannot com' the nest, and any .become ing a photo of the largest hennery in the
requires considerable time to regainthe west. Given beet plans for poultry houses, ,
be washed in tepid water as
pete'either in amount, quality or price. they must sure remedies ana recipes for all diseases,
ramie known in Louis discovered and the soiled nest proper temperature and variationin also valuable information on the kitchen .
The }best grows soon as ,bt and flower garden sent for only 10 cents.
ana, Texas and Mississippi."I material ,removed, or the same result this respect is more or less fatal.- John Bauocher. Ir.,P.0. Box 81 Freeport, III.I. .
have become satisfied Southern Fancier. -
so thoroughly wouldhappen. %
with my. investigation here, that l Remove the hen to her new nest, -------- THE' IMPROVED I

have abandoned all mY' business after dark, first placing a few nest-eggs The Manatee River country commenced VICTOR

north, and propose to remain in this in the nest, keep her shut..on until late shipping winter vegetableslast

vicinity as financial agent for the Per the next day when you can give her a' week. A number of .crates of I INCUBATOR

severance Fibre? Company Limited, chance to feed and water. 'When she cabbage went out, but they are being Hatches Chickens by Steam
and the business of planting ramie; comes off, of course she will go to her generally held for better prices. $2 a ''I t'. :.__ ,' The simplest most reliable
Catalogue and cheapest 11 rat-china ilatcher
putting 'out machines and handlingthe old nest, but she< must not be allowedto barrel is offered on the. dock.-Manatee In tho ma.rket.I.OIrculan1'rt>
and River 4 cents GBO. iltTJSL fc CO., CJuluoy, HI
her Journal
product that t will come under my ; stay there, Gently remove .

w .

1 .. ,
'---- ---- -- -
: ':-L--: :':: -- -- --

.... -________._________ __.. .. _
-.u ... ----- --- -- > "t .. ..... ..--....-"

., "
4. -
"\ -

: J -1, -" ..
----- -
I .
: assistance, in view of present difficulties .-- Awarded
, i State News. Our Rural Home.
for the unselfish house-wife to undertake Highest Honors-World's Fair,
4... the entire! household labor,
Mr. L. H; Davis' experiment in Edited by MINNIE GILMbRE MILLS adding the washing for instance to all DR;

farming on the Apopka saW-grass St. Thomas t ....-Fla.- she has had on her busy- hands, let
F' lands from which he housed last year No Use Orying Over Spilled Milk. her consider the matter well first. For
enough grain to last his laborers and in one sense, it is easier for her' to begin .
Before the "orange craze, (we are 3ICEj
stock nearly two years, only demon than it will be; to stop. Be wisein ;
often told old settlers) a -
by respectable
strates what every farmer in Orange time, lest it proves to be "the last
made here by the farmers "
living was
county can do when the necessity ; straw that broke the camel's back.
and usually on a few acres; not I have in
arises. Orlando never encouraged any one CREAM
more than fifteen, often less, being shirking a duty, nor do I now; but let
I. When I gave in my taxes my trees !. cultivated to ensure a large family all us counsel together and try and find
t; in some parts of the grove were full of- the necessities of life. They had their just what is duty. Some way,may be BAlINfi

g forms and I gave in accordingly but hogs and cattle-so meat and lard devised, by our united efforts, better .
if the assessor would give me another were plentiful; besides the game- than over work. In the mean time
F chance I would knock at, least $1000 ,which nowit is trueis not so much to let us keep up courage-the brave '
off of my improvements. I hope the be ,depended on. They grew their heart wins at last. .POIR
\ county commissioners will take up own provisions, and what man has M. G. MILLS.
matters of this sort and look after themon ,done, man can do again. The pres .( ,MOST PERFECT MADE.A .
equalization day.-Bartow Courier. ent conveniences for farming are \ pure Grape Cream of Tartar Powder. Free
easier markets Florida Pollys.For from Ammonia, Alum or any other adulterant.
Orange blossoms and fine orangeswere greater, transportation ,
some of the decorations on the better.. A man told 'me yesterdaythat Our Rural Home. 40 YEARS THE STANDARD. ....
tables? at Hotel du Nil, Sarno, at the their oranges brought them: but What are called pollys in Floridaare
five and cents bushel pretty birds of the jay family, hav
opening dinner, given by :Mr. John twenty thirty per
Green, Wednesday evening. They in Tampa, often he had hauled ing the wings of blue, the same shadeas On another occasion there. was a
came.from Merritt's Island. We still them forty-five miles through the the blue jay, but the body 'is a similar alarm when :we again went to
have lots of green orange trees in woods from here. The old settler pretty dark drab, reminding one of see the cause and found they had
the stone They have large black killed a snake about eighteen inches
Brevard county, notwithstanding the had always a few orange trees gray.
freeze.-Titusville Advocate. the house"and the very best, thinnest eyes and beaks, while their! f fget are long, which Goldsmith! calls the banded '
nearly black. adder. If a person can call a ,snake
skinned brightest fruit, only brought .
Some of the lessons taught by the this is it it has beensaid
and anything at all." Said he, "we lived They have a merry chirp and are i pretty as ,
freeze, were-that for ornament fond of being around our 'houses, "it was pretty enough for a necklace."
pretty well then and we are. going to very
shade the camphor tree excels anY The shade is black' then thereare
where they will become so familiar ground- ,
do it again.
others; its growth is unchecked', its. It required to come here and tame as to be almost a nuisance. scarlet stripes equally dividing the
beautous,green undimmed. It is symmetrical courage ..hey take after the jay in being thiev- black about,,an inch wide. Between
*: with That and settle in the woods ten years ago,
pleasing foliage.
ish but.as they get so tame as to come the scarlet] and black is. a narrow
find "out ,
and now that we we are not
branched from the
orange trees *' ground of the woods" yet 't" requires some when called for a piece of bread held stripe; of bright yellow, making 'it one

and mulched il the as to.prevent'freezingof more of the same stuff. But we are in the hand, we can forgive them the'I of the quickest seen ol its kind. It.is
at root are uninjured.St. -
sometimes.called thunder-snake..and is
I offense of larceny.
dauntedsoeasily. petty
Andrews poor.pioneers if we can be .
_J,., .' Buoy. 4 The pretty little, rascals had| a great considered poisonous. ,
? **:.Palmetto: cabbage serving a good 'months when I do not to like the
; Women are of course, ready to as- joke on me some ago, The pollys seem ,
purpose just now when ,there are no1 sist in ,any emergency, not. only with put a rack of yeast cakes to dry upon climate of the east coast in winter, as
vegetables to be had. It makes a dish their advice and suggestions, but with a support in our veranda. I had noticed they take to the centre ,of the State

that is both palatable,and wholesome.It their hands if need be ; and to manyof they were paying us a great about. Christmas but return in early
also makes an excellent pickle. It us the need.is here. It is rather to many calls, but had' forgotten their spring, and when the horse and,deer
defies blizzards, droughts and even say a few warning words in the ear of old tricks until my d; daughter said, flies come in May they, have :great I
forest fires, and it is in season at all the housewife and the mother that I "Mamma, the pollys are sampling feeds on them as do the chickens.A .

times.of the year. ,Some of our peopleare have now .taken up my' pen.: It is to your yeast cakes." When I went to house without screens, and with
gathering it by the wagon load.- i be supposed the ''stronger\ half" hasa take stocky alas! there was only a doors and:'windows open, so the big
Orlando. Sentinel.. reserve fund of energy and self- suspicion of what had been. .immediately flies can get in, there the pollys will:

Maj. J. B..Briggs, of Winter Haven, reliance always ready to meet emergencies pelted them with the ,crumbs.It go, too, and take all their family.

was in the city last week as cheerfulas but the true wife makes, sacrifices goes without saying that the next' Some,neighbors who are great lovers i
ever. He said that he had tomato without considering results ; full rack had other quarters.We of dogs and cats, have the ,pollys so i \,
plants} .enough left to set out 500 acres immolates herself at4he shrine of her like to have' them around our tame that when ,they call them byname I

and he! was going to put out about 300 devotedness\ without knowing, often, dwellings as they are great. alarmistsin and ,hold out something for
acres in Marion county and 200 to what her sacrifice will eventually entail this way : When one of their flock them to eat; down they'"' come from
3'00 at Winter Haven. He thinks on not only herself but the entire discovers a snake they set up such a roof or tree, snatch up the morsel and
d,, there is plenty of time yet to make a family. It shows no selfishness on chorus of shrill notes that all within away to-the woods to have their mealin
paying crop and is going to prove his her part, to pause and consider well hearing fly to the hunt and then the picnic style,. and ,back again for
faith by his'works.-Bartow Courier. before she takes upon herself heavier, battle begins. Snakes seem to recognize more. I have seen them come down

Few people seem to_ realize what burdens than those already laid their little-feathered enemies, and there and drink from their special pan
the cattle business amounts to in this on her shoulders-.unless she make for shelter. We read of being of water while the house cat and her
section. During this month nearly is really robust and strong. It is for the "as wise as serpents" and see it in the five kittens were only a few feet.away.;

$5,060 worth of beef steers have been weaker ones I ;am writing, realizing way a snake'will,endeavor to save itself I have seen the birds come to my
shipped from here or rather driven fully every word I utter; in the spaceof from the beaks of our pollys.On daughter's hand when, she showed -
from here to Plant City and shippedover a short paper, .! cannot say half as one occasion my daughter said, them corn in it, then she closed her
the F. C: & P. Ry. The cattle much as I'want upon the subject, for "the pollys have something in the hand and they pecked the grains out
business has reached large proportionsand there are women who are so willing to scrub." Away we all went to investi- between her fingers It seems incredible -
pays exceedingly well. All the help their husbands out of present difficulties gate the matter and, her papa took his that a wild bird could be tamed i
old cattle men have made fortunes /. that mv 'lew words will only revolver. We naturally looked on the in such a short time: but such is }the I
out of it and, many of our leading cause a smile; and when it 'is too late ground, but the pollys seemed to say, case with this particular kind. They
citizens derive handsome incomes fromit. they will wish they had heeded me. "not there! not there !" and on examining have been an interesting sight to. our
Mr. E. A. Godwin is, one of our Economize as you will in the matterof a little oak treeI saw a.mottled many Northern visitors. ,
most successful cattle kings. A few 'dress, and house furnishing, and snake coiled in it :with its head and tail There is one liberty they will not
years ago he bought 1,000 head of setting your dinner table; but economize in line which were soon taken off clean endure, and that is to be caught and
,cattle on credit and now he has them in the spending of your physical with thebullet. It proved tQ. be a handled. It has been proved that
paid for, and marks 3,000 calves a strength and nervous energies, also. diamond rattlesnake and had only one they are insulted, by leaving for the
year, sells about $10,000 worth of They cannot so easily be replaced, as rattle and a button. The writer season. The'writer.once saw in a leaf-
steers' ,a year and has more ready you may now imagine; and a broken skinned and cured it with alum and less castor bean tree'a blue jay, a polly
inoney than any other man in the down, acid consequentlY'' sick and irritable has,it tacked 'on the wall beside a six- and a red bird sitting together. They
county. Our townsmen, Messrs. B. wife, is more of a burden and footer. That little snake showed its certainly brightened up. that tree with

Hart, '\T. H. Lewis and A. C. Canter, responsibility in the household than a wisdom in getting off the ..ground' their beautiful plumage. ,
have each from 3,000 to 5,000 head. heavy mortgage on the farm. there the pollys have .advantage with We have thought the polly ought

--'Ft:- Meade Pebble. .. Though it may seem to be of some their ,sharp beaks.. t6 be called the- Union bird, as itsI

r .
.-". ----r: :;---..-.-.___-; ---u,....._ ..'".....- _____ _, _. .' _n. ..... --.-.-..--




.... \ r ..:..1.

1Y ,



THE DOCTORS FAILED. their coffee and biscuit. A' kind An Immense stock of

-- word, 'costs so little and never gets WE E HAVE E ':HEALTHY ,POT-GROWN"Guavas, Eugenias, ',

flicii .'..nk Studied Up Ills Own Disease through, traveling.-Atchison Globe. Camphors, Palms, Gardenias, Olea Fragrans,
and Cured Himself.From << .' H.H Magnolia Fuscata and thousands of otherdesirable r
( the Providence, 11. J., IluUclln.) Hints'for Health. plants,trees and shrubs adapted to all parts of Florida. Write (
,': for our prices. .
There are but few diseases that puzzle
How many odds we women haveto P. J. BERCIOf ANSFItVIXLAND
physicians more than: rheumatism There
). are a great many theories as to its cause, fight against when w e attempt to NURSERIES, Augusta, Georgia. ,
and a great many theories a-4 to the best keep ourselves in first-class physical .'

means One' of of euringitmostof the greatest sufferers which of areabsurd..rheumatism condition. Climate and temperatureexert Trees I .

known in the annals of medicine is such a powerful influence upon Orange

John G. Jenks, of Riverside, !t. I. He comeliness. ,Rigorous days in winter t
-0' became the victim of rheumatism while ,
'..'.,- in the army, and the disease seems to may tend to tone up our nerves, but
have given him a taste of all its varioustortures. they also steal from us that softness of .. Lemon Trees I

-' Physiciansand medicines failed to complexion, that beauty of skin only to

t give him. any relief, until'at last he effectedhis be kept in a climate that is genial, thatis
own deliverance l from the bonds of pain.

_, "Rheiinatism-said! Mr Jenks, when the temperate.We .
subject was broached by a reporter who sit in cold rooms and the blood, The Old Reliable Buckeye Nurseries.

went to hear his story. "'V ell, I should the nerves wither we lose ,
stagnates ,
say: I do know, something about it; all _
I I learned by actual experience, too" Jf' first our plhncy of flesh, our flexibility of
i contracted rheumatism in the army, and I limb. My Southern training may have I have on hand the finest l lot of stock have ever grown of all the standard va '"
rieties. I have fine lot of Tardiff and Jaffa in, buds from
, have had every variety of the affliction do with the of a specially two-year fire _
'. ..; since, and have suffered such agony with it something to feeling to seven feet high. I recognize the fact that it's hard times, and propose to sell at
that at times death was a pleasant thought contempt with which I treat all hard time prices. I make a specialty of the King Orange.

\Uo dwell upon. Take ;medicine? Enough theories advanced in the interest of Write for prices. __ _

to stock drug store began and none of it did me cold rooms, frigid houses and of cold- M. E. 6ILLETT, Prop.,,,
any good. Then I to study the disease -
myself. I made up my mind to get air exercises unveiled and reckless. Weirsdale.. Fla:"

acquainted with the enemy and fight it on Sudden .changes are. as disastrousto
... different lines. I had a theory of own
and began to look around for a remedy my that beauty and complexion as a poor Cleaning Kid Gloves. Paper' will stick to walls that are

was calculated, to have the desired effect. diet. I dropped into a friend's the There are very few pepole, in this washed in a solution of one-fourth
One after another tried until at last I other and found her ina
was morning sitting to of .
country who are successful in their pound of glue a gallon .water.-
hit Pain.Killer which I
applied freely.
upon with the thermometer
room at sixty.
Almost with the first application came relief treatment of soiled kid gloves. Only The Medical World.
I kept on using it and the rheumatism She looked blue, 'as if her blood had
the very best, quality of gloves can be .
was soon knocked out. Neither have I had congealed in her veins. She has a --
successfully cleaned. But such a glove
return of the trouble. ,
any about heat. Talks
"I also used Pain-Killer internally for theory register provided it is of undressed kid, maybe sp aY:

the ague,--another! war relic. It did. what about being a hot-house plant, and cleaned repeatedly and worn .
pounds"of quinine couldn't do. on making herself thoroughly
goes s
until it is It
literally worn out. YOUR
"Pa Killer keeps guard in my house wreched for an idea. R
..' against all ills, and it has never yet slopt at is more difficult to clean a'dressed kid S "
... is wonderful factorin
Perspiration a
: Its post 9fduty. glove, and even under the best cir-
the of feminine loveli fu3sjiP
", ., production
the is' less
,,: cumstaces process more or
j When allow the skin become
ness. we to -
'' feathers have :in combinationthe f of a failure, because the gloss or finishof ...
pretty frost.bitten as.it were then .STA L'S
.... the gloves also comes away'in the t Excelsior
blue and the of the North Spraying
gray .look put for a most 'unlovely Outfits kill insects,
',' -/ ,! and South in the days of the war. process. With an undressed glove (prevent leaf blight ,
>, ...,, t.', '.r,, complexion. Why, I' have known this: is a different matter and and wormy: fruit. Insure
I ') ir ; ',_ J. NESBITT.Coral in very fa heavy yield of all Fruit
change 'a night by simply and Vegetable
: ';'" there is no excuse for professionalglove crops.
I Plantation.
subjecting them ,to "a sudden drop in Send 6 ctfl.for catalogue'and
I S4 cleaners sending such gloves ,' full treatise on spraying.
' Woman's- Inhumanity to Man. the thermometer of several degrees.It hack stiff and,discolored. r\. Circulars frtJ 'AddressWM.STAHLQuJncylll.{

1 is the soft, delicate creature who
i. An Atchison wife has had a cruel The common method, of washing '-
, believes. ventilation, but not in an
the; glove in benzine or gasoline'is injurious -
truth told her by a heartless doctor.
... uncanny temperature that fairly freezes to the leather. ,Stretch the : :
; He said her husband 'would not livelong
up our good looks. wooden hand if this is
unless he got some rest. Last glove on a or iiiIIJI1There
in but be careful
Sit a warm room,
j ... night as she sat in an easy chair and that is ventilated not convenient, on your own hand.
this same room a
of clean flannel and
Have abundance
i wached him take off his coat on com- :: _
y : times if This
a day
i1 ,from the office necessary. cotton near by. With a little benzineon
p ing put on a gingham merely means giving the window upon is No Substitute
a'small of flannel
piece over
1 go
,: apron and go'to' work cheerfully washing its running cords a downward For ELASTICITY in a;wire fence. Ever
! for and poundingsteak easy the entire glove, finger by finger. As since the Page became generally known,'men
i j supper shove from the top, when in five min- soon' as the flannel. becomes soiled, have been racking their brains to discoverone
' occasionally stopping to care and hundrods of devices have been
I' her ,utes you have: enough oxygen to give exchange it for a clean piece. Do not' brought out with extravagant claims, run
t for the heart smote her.
baby, you a healthful atmosphere for some the' their short course and dropped'out of the q
She noticed that he looked thin and use enough benzine to saturate race. If it were possible' to make a good,
little time.-Troy; Times. clean durable efficient fence of common soft
leather out simply enough to cheap
careworn and that he brought the wire, the Page Company would use it. l! very
bucket. half full of water from off the soiled spots. Rub the glove pound of our'wire is made to order. Its
quality, combined with the;COIL, gives the
I the well; She spoke to him kindly, I LUCAS COUNTY. /88- from the finger tips, generally, downward only elastic fence.

I and her heart smote her the second I FRANK J. CHENEY makes oath that he 'and upward,,and not in a circular PAGE WOVEN WIRE FENCE CO., Adrian, Mf Jt.HAWKEY:1t.

time when he looked surprised.Was is the senior partner of tho firm of F. J. ,vay or across the leather. After using
up CHENEY & Co., doing business in the Cityof with clean -
the rub -
gasoline on a spot,
it that in the rush and
true 'f '
worry Toledo,County and State aforesaid, and '
flannel until it perfectly dry.
l stirring the country tIp political that the said firm will pay the sum of seems I '
1 truths she had forgotten to ONE HUNDRED DOLLARS for each and Only the highestquality: of benzine,

case of Catarrh that cannot.be cured or, better still, of gasoline, can be
be kind to him ? She kissed him every t t rks on oihHT S ANDING
by the use of HALL'S CI-TARRII CURE. used. When the glovesare: thoroughly
tenderly when he handed her a cup of TlMBERoiiSTDHPSan
with clean
cleaned rub them a
tea at the table, and his eyes filled Sworn to before mo and subscribed in Will pull 'ardleat

with tears. It was so long since he my resonco,-this 6th day of December, and abundance of talcum powder ,, '6rub1n1 z111flUT S '

had heard a tender word. She praised A. D. 1866. This powder can be bought of any == ,..,,,,,.-.,];: ,
> A- first-class drug store, and ten cents' Makes a clean sweep of: Two Acres at a 8Ittln.. A
! his'biscuit ;-then he broke down and / A. W. GLEASON, man a bay and a hon can operate it. No II.a ytihalns
Public.Hall's worth is ordinarily enough for a year'ssupply. ) or rods to handle. The crop on a few acred the
f cried. {I SEAL. }[ Notary first; year will pay fortheDlachlne.Send[ postalcardfor
Rub the leather thoroughlyin Illustrated Catalogue, giving price, terms testimonials
The result of this fender little ,
: -. scene ,also full Information concerning*our Iron, Giant
'' every part with talcum powder. It Grub and Stump! Machine,Two Homo Huwkeye and
that the cancelled' all lecture is taken
: was woman Catarrh Cure internallyand other appliances for clearing timber land. Address{: '
: I engagements and resigned from acts directly on the blood and mucous makes the glove not only pliable and :' MILNE MASUFACTCKIKG CO., 008 8th St., Monmouth,111.

; "' 'all committees. She realized that surfaces of the system. Send for testimonials pleasant to wear, like a new glove, AunnyeldoShetland Mllno Itron. at above l.onyFnrm.office and cataloftie number. Itreei address .

free.J. but it puts a soft bloom on, the leather era of I'ure Shetland louleo.
;I since it would not do to hire a strong ,
J. CHENEY & CO., Toledo, 0. which takes all suggestion of the k i
j girl to assist him with the heavy; ''Sold'by Druggists, 75c. away "

! : housework, it would be better 'to stay i <. cleaning process. It cannot, however, PURE ESSEX PIGS.

i '- at home and aid him by tender sympathy The Bank of Pittman has failed and restore the gloss on the dressed ,kid

I and loving words. Oh, wives, the managers, F. C. Thomas and H. glove.-N. Y. 'Tribune. best for the South. Bred on the Floridlbor

it is said have left for -.-- der. Address, ,
this E.
! take warning from little tale.! Robinson, i

1 \ Speak gently to your husbands ere parts unknown,-Leesburg Commer. Dr. Price's, Cream Baking Powder ROSELAND PLANTATION

vial World's Pair Highest Award. Dafubrldre, Ga.
i the cold sod closes over them. Praise ,


-" :; -,"':;:"- -:':'::" _":::,-=:7"o.:: : .._=_ O-" ::-_-=_..-.'__ "- .__ _.'_____ '_ --- .' '.. -',_ -,'.- .":.':"::..,."'; ;..,..._,>-:. !h ',_ _

."A '

.. ..u.
_. ., ---?
--- -- -- -

., .
::.- ...
.. ._:,.',-. ..;; ;". ,;;
', -'
... -' .. "" ,' .' ,
./ J

---- ---
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION The January loth issue of KarlRiesel's Windbreaks.The they went through absolutely unhurt.
For One Year ....t.........................82.00 ,
and is serious consideration
of Commerce This worth
For Six Months..... .................. ..... i.oo Journal experience of this winter has tree -
%"-, In Foreign Countries ..... ...-............... 3.00 Travel (Verkehr und Reiseblatter), : as a windbreak.One .
emphasized the necessity for forest
-:' Subscriptions in all cases cash in published semi-monthly in Berlin, of our subscribers once' statedto
advance; No discount allowed on one's contains the third Installment of an protection to orange groves: and us that he had transplanted com.
own subscription(except in a club), but to ,where there is not a natural forest
article Otto Rohkrameron Florida when
interesting by mon pines they were,
all agents a liberal cash commission willIe there should be one created as far as
allowed on all subscriptions obtainedby Cocoanut Culture in Floiida. We 'possible. '" about eighteen inches high and made
them. Write for terms. translate one paragraph: A very important most of them live. These'can be madeto
To every new subscriber we will send, natural advantage of cocoa- Our personal experience with the grow three or four feet in a year.
postpaid, a copy of Whitner's "Garden nut culture over other fruits consistsin camphor "enables ns to state thatit =----=. *--- ."
ing in Florida." For two new sub- the fact that these after is more hardy than the sweet, orange The Olive in Florida.
palms they
,scribers, at $2.00 each, we will send, ,
seedling or the Satsuma. Take Editor Farmer and FiuH-Grower:.
have attained sufficient size to shade
postpaid, a copy' of Moore's! "Orange
Culture." the ground, that is, in about three trees of the same age and in the We notice in jour paper January

Rates of advertising application. years, ,need no further special care or same conditions' and .we believe" thecam'phors 26, that olives are, being planted near
Remittances should be made by check; attention, since they reach in that timean will endure! from five to ten Tallahassee. We shall be obliged by,

letter postal to note order, money of order or registered astonishing development. Thereare degrees more cold than the sweet any information you can give as to

':FARMER"-ANT FRUIT GROWER said to be instances on Pine Islandin seedlings. In other words, in situa the best varieties to plant and what ;
t Jacksonville Fla. Charlotte Harbor where palms three tions suitable for orange' culture at all market there is for the fruit when

years old attain a height of twelve camphor trees,eight or ten 'years old grown.
NOTICE feet and in five,years begin to bear." will probably endure'any winter whichwe RADCLYFFE CADMAN BROS.
"are' likely to have in Florida. Narcoossee, Fla.
If you receive a copy of this .- Even in the face,of our'present failure, The olive has been frequentiy tried "
Important if True.A in Florida, but the climate does not
paper which you did .not order, we have cut down the dead trees and
consider it an invitation to .sub correspondent of the Calhoun shall allow them to grow again from appear:' to suit t.it for it proves mostly'

scribe. If do not want it News, writing from Golden Bend, says: the roots, because the camphor tree is unfruitful. For varieties, etc., writeto
you r ,
"Many orange trees are killed and beautiful our North Florida and Georgia advertisers
i hand it to so fragrant-so -surpassing
kindly a neighbor.
others badly hurt, but if people' will even the orange in the symmetry of its who are good authority.
just keep their knives in their pockets e,4
head and in: the rich, lustrous green of
y and let the bark 'stay on the tree new The Tin Can State.It .
with little
its blackberries
CONTENTS. foliage, picked out ,
bark will form under the old, and it -so free from insects and so is 'considered by disgruntled visitors "
GROVE AND ORCHARD-Grafting the Orange; will live and, make a fine tree. I know in it to Florida the,- bitterest sarcasm .. '.
that holds
Canning Outfits; From Florida's Friends in rapid growth a placein
':, Washington .............................. 131 what I am talking about from 'twentyyears' which can be leveled at her devoted
our regard! incomparably above
r, Fruit Sap and Growth Sap; The Freeze of I any
1835........................................ 132 close observation. other evergreen.As head that "everything which is con
The Live Oak for a Shade Tree;'Bartramon .f sumed here i is shipped down, from the'
before.stated in these columns
Florida Climate; Potash in; Tea Culture 133 ,
' FARMER AND TRUCKER-Tomatoes; Ramie Investments,in Orange Groves. North in tin cans." Very well, Mes-
41 ,Culture Ceryaiu............... ............. 134 we had a row of fifteen trees which
POULTRY-Setting Hens; Males in: the Poultry We have in our possession the names had to be planted in the street, and in sieurs of the producing and canning
OUR. RURAL Yard; Should HOME-No Eggs be Use Cooled.Crying...Over..... 135 of several rowers who have made order to place them eventually out of States, we made the money before' we

Spilled Milk; Florida Pollys.............. 136 : from eight to twenty-two percent per danger from the cattle, they were invested it} in your watery parboiledmesses

Woman's Health; Cleaning Inhumanity Kid to Gloves.Man; .Hints......'.for... 137 annum for a series of years on their trimmed up about five feet high and and your gristly meats. The -
.EDITORIAL-Orange Trees in Louisiana; Co- investments in orange groves. It forced to rapid growth with animal, taunt may not be creditable to our
coanut ,Culture Important if True Investments -
in ;Orange Groves; Windbreaks ; would be doubtless a fair average to manures. In four years, the most wisdom, but it is the highest possible} _" ,

Can State; The; Cotton Olive Abroad.in Florida.....;..The.....Tin... 138 place their income for these years at thrifty of them grew from the size ofa compliment to, Florida's,-,money, making r' ,: :
Markets...;..:.......'......................... 139 fourteen per cent. I lead pencil (some no larger than capacity. : 1 ,'J,"."',"..,
California Oranges The Cash ..... /
; System 140 = ,
D.urability..ofthe Live Oak; Vineyardist.. 141 I Let us suppose that, on account of wheat straws) to a diameter four ----o+ \.;.' -'
Biscayne: Bay...;............................. 142 I the damage done to the trees this win inches and_ten feet high with a spreadof Cotton Abroad. ':;.."

----moo .. ter, they derive no income from'then) about six feet. Nothing ,in tree President Collier has received, .

Weather in Jacksonville. for the next two years. Let us place form could possibly be handsomer.No through the State Department, a com-

,. I their outgo. this year, for'care of the insects pf any kind ,ever harboredin munication from Clifton R. Brecken-
DATE. Elci ,a P. H. .q:I. pcq b.O $v:I ';;1..yw..- groves and replacing a certain percent. them. After a rain their fragrance, ridge, United States :Minister St.

f 00 oo ; F ti af age of dead trees, at ten per cent; the was perceptible several feet distant. Petersburg- says the invitation to

f Feb. 19..;-..;... 51- -50 63- 43- -20 53- -34 second year let,the outgo'and the income The roots have, the penetrating odpr the Russian Government to take part ..
Feb.,20. ........ 44 49 58 42 16 50 o balance each other, the third I of sassafras and doubtless could be in the Cotton States and International. ..,

Feb.Feb.,22.21..426..,.... 56 63 68 40 49 23 19 :58; 0 0 year let the income be represented at used for the same purpose.In Exposition ,was received with great ,',
r .... ....liS
Feb.24.Pet 23 .. .....45 47 48 60 58 46 40 14 18 53 49 0 0 eight per cent. the December freeze all were favor by the ,Minister Foreign Af. '
Feb. 25..... s ... 46 56 67 42 ,25 54 0 Now, let us consider; the total killed but four, and the '''February'' fairs. Mr. Breckenridge urged its

Mean ';.... -47 52- 6z- ,43- -19 53--*..34 period involved., From 1886 to 1894an freeze, finished three of the four. The acceptance, and presented, also, the .
:"Total rainfall. annual income of fourteen per cent. survivor was the largest of the lot, a arguments suggested by the State De-, .
I E. R. DEMAIN. Observer.. For the next three years an income of splendid tree, old enough to have developed partment, looking to the increase of
I. only three per cent for the entire, rough, corky bark ; and it' commerce between the two countries. '
Orange Trees in Louisiana.The period. In the eleven years there is a did not lose five per cent of its foliageor Russia takes special interest, the

Sugar Bowl] says : The orange total income of no per cent, or 10 per even of its terminal buds. Proba- Southern States, because of cotton culture -

growers have also met heavy losses., cent per year. Capitalists consider. bly fifty per cent of its leaves are in which the Czar' is personally

While the freeze 'of December 28th government bonds at per cent a gilt- bright and green ; the rest are some- interested. Four years ago, an accomplished -
r did but little damage, this'second hard edge investment, and fall over each what scorched. commissioner, representing -

freeze, being several degrees worse, other in their eagerness to subscribe. Inside of the gro've for whose benefit the household of the Czar, visited

killed thousands of young orange trees, 'The poor man who must have a sure these trees were planted were two Atlanta, and remained in Georgia for

even as far down as the Gulf, and income every year should never defend other rows ,of camphors running east many months, investigating cotton cul-

while the older:trees were ,not apparently on an orange grove alone;; but a and west ; one row two years old, the ture. He made an exhaustive studyof
hurt seriously) up to last Tues rich man who is willing to stay in Florida other only a year old. These were the subject in all its aspects, and .
day (as we learned by close inspection a sufficient part of the year to give protected by two mesh-wire fences- while here acquired a knowledge ,of .

) yet the fruifcrop of this year has I his personal supervision to the critical practically nothing. The year.old English, so that he understood very
no doubt been destroyed. The loss processes of the business can count on trees are mere switches two feet high thoroughly the Southern people and
of-a year's crop is a very serious thing good returns for his capital, and,even some of these withstood the their industrial and social conditions.He .

to those who have no ,other industry There is nothing under the canopyof December blizzard, though they are spent weeks on the plantations,

'in connection therewith' -as .we now heaven which can be planted in the all gone now. Of the ten two.yearolds and remained with the crop from the,
all'should., But, the snow remain sands of South Florida that is more indestructible all but one withstood the first time it was planted until the cotton

ing on the limbs and twigs, for two than the roots of a sound .. snap, and all but three are still alive was picked, ginned, baled and
days, we'fear has hurt the oldest, and bearing orange tree. Destroy the top to the top. These had been allowed The-Russian Emperor has immense
most hardy trees. The Satsuma orange entirely and in three 'years, if not in to branch out within a foot of the cotton plantations ofi the crown landsin
trees had not. been hurt at all'up two,, it will begin to yield an incomeagain. ground and had not been forced.In Turkestan, and it is in'this'way that

to the time of the snow storm. Nowwe In a hard'winter like the present another part ,of the grove was a he came to take special interest in'cot- :

have fears for the entire citrus that bank may suspend paymentfor row of citrus trifoliata, about three ton culture in ,America. From the -

;; family. The Mandarin and Tangerine awhile; but as certainly as the earth feet high and with stems about as great pains and l expense taken to in-

; trees seemed to be most susceptible revolves; upon its axis, and seedtimeand large as a lead pencil., N'ot one of vestigate the subject here, it is believed '"

to cold, harvest fail not, it will resume these blanched a leaf in either freeze; that the Czar hoped for the develop.. JA j

.- .

'", , .. ,. -- .., ,-.-- ..... _
, ,
-'- "

,.," - ,-- .
--. .. ,. .' '. -. ,-- ." =. -, ,.

f ;
.' ,
:1 '
: r ;
.>if'..-' : .

t ,
"' ..:."." ,"- .. ,.. ; .. ..; *'.,:
., .. >> .. .- )
\- .. :'
\ '
.'. i L : 1,39 .:.::
--- "
. ......1.1 I J"V:: .... .". ;;..
TT ". .
R .
:t"\':,' PECAN "rREES. :
.. .... .. ';- g j D HAM 1.




: i

: tree; $25 One per year thousand old pecan, carefully trees packed from paper-shell and nuts, average 6 to 28 Inches high at 3 cents per :J.
B WAlW is the shipped as directed, transit
: whole story purchaser on receipt. Money order on Bagdad Postoffice charges to.. be paid by "'r,
i. of Imitation ratio .. 'j.
, -.:. marks nod label. about -

P. O. Box Ho. 4, Bagdad, Florida. !


Costs no more than other '
t-O package soda
. pac' -never spoils HEADQUARTERS FOR '
l >> flour-universally acknowledged purest In the world. FLORIDA FRUITS :: J

- Hade only by CHURCH & CO., Hew York. Sold by grocers everywhere. ORANGES, LEMONS, PINEAPPLES, EARLY.VEGETABLES i OF ALL KINDS ,

No. 20 West Front Street, Cincinnati, Ohio. V
WriteOJT Arm and.
Hammer.Book of v* luablo IZccipes! ..:.I,\

-V- j

.' .-. ment of'this: industry in Southern Asia New York- Vegetable Markets. PALMER & FROST 166' READEST, j

to such an extent that Russia could Potatoes. NEW YORK. .
V compete with the, United States and Imports for the week: Great'Britain (Successors to G. S. PALMER and PALMER, RIVENBURO &Co..) ,
India in supplying the demand for (633 bags; Continent -'bags ; Bermuda

I cotton goods, both in Russia and in 154 Arrivals bbls; Havana of domestic 105 bbls. PRODUCE COMMISSION MERCHANTS.
I were .heavy first
countries. Cotton factoriesof of the week, but have been'only mode

an improved type have recently rate since.. There has been a pretty aV Southern Fruits and ,- Vegetables a

i been established, in the western part demand, but holders have met buyers I

of the Russian Empire, and great freely, especially toward the close and Specialty..
tone is.easy with outside prices extreme. Remember we never buy a package. Thus .
i any shipments entrust to
pains are. taken to establish the industry in you our care, never come
Some of the delayed stock in ,this week competition with bought goods. Account sales made day.of sale. -
i on a: broad 'basis. As the movement had been
badly frosted and such REFERENCES
I have : See our quotations by wire in this J
.of cotton mills from New England worked out slowly at low and irregular Chatham Nat. Bank, N. Y; Mercantile Agencies. Write for Stencils. paper. i
to tAe ,South- has again: attracted figures. The cargo from Dundee in'this' Members of National League of Commission Merchants to which no irresponsible" house can belong. I'

'world-wide attention to the advantages week had enough-demand to work out at PETTS:: > $UEl..G-B--PENNSYLV.A.1V.A.: : : .
-, of this'-section full'prices. Bermuda and Havada have
over all others in sold rather slowly at $G.OO@6.60 for
the 'production and manufacture of prime, l latter figure extreme with under Somers Brother: & Co. ESTABLISHED '.

'cott0I12: the.. Exposition of'the Cotton. grades lower.. Sweet potatoes :were firm 1876.

I V. States 'naturally interests Russia in an first of the week, but close dull and'easy. c ';'

- I especial way. It,,is expected: that. the Bermuda, prime, G.OO to 6.50; ,Havana, mMeohants.. Fruits and Produce.'
5.00 to 6.00; Bermuda,, and Havana No. ,
i 'invitation. to take paat in the Exposition 2, 3.00 to 3.50; Jersey, 1.87. to 2.00; Market Refer to Banks, Mercantile Agencies and t the business community of Western Pennsylvania. .
I Reports, special references to .f
will-be accepted. Sweets regular shippers shipping stencils,' stamps, etc.,
.' Vineland,- fair to fancy, 1.75 to INQU'R'ra """n nOARF.SPONDF-N, 1=" ....r...furnishedfraanna.nnileatlona ..w. J"
i, 2.b0); Sweets, other bo-J'y aoubie-neaas, '

flarkets. 1.75 to 2.00.* PittsburgMarket.. 1 1 For relieving THROAT DISEASES AND r

I. ____ .............________'-'"'-'" Imports for Vegetables.the week Havana. 788 PITTSHURQ, February 23. Florida COUGHS use "Brown's Bronchial Troches"... :l

I' JACKSONVILLE, FLA. \Ich., 1. crates onions and
378 crates other veg- oranges are about out of market, and
I FRUITS AND PRODUCE. etables. Bermuda 110 crates onions and quotations are largely nominal. Cali- Bradley Redfield., Eugene B. Redjltld.
Corrected by Marx Bros. 433 other vegetables. Rotterdam fornia
--- These are 33 bbls oranges arriving in some quantity -
average quotations. Extra choice
;i lots fetch prices above top quotations, while poor cabbage. Copenhagen. 1,509 pkgs ,cab- and selling fairly. Messina and Va ESTABLISHED 1871.
HI lots sell lower. bage. ,- lencia oranges are also coming forward
|I[,.j Oranges frosted, box..;.......... ... to Choice onions and
bright have
.15 been
r, Grape fruit....... ....... ..... .........3.50 to .50 very moving freely. Tangerines and grape REDFIELD & SON, i
Lemons Messina........_..........-_. 4.00 scarce and firm and advancing with some fruit dull. Lemons steady. x
Pineapples crate. ...., :...,.....,.... 4.00 3.25 of the best chesters held above quotations Oranges, Florida, fancy, 3.75 to" 4.00;
Limes,3-peckcrates '.. ;... .......:. i.oo but frosted defective'move choice 3.50 to
or slow- 3.75 Messina Merchants !
Cocoanuts... ..;.... ... .... .:.....,. '3.55 ; 2.50 to 3.50; Commission
Peanuts best brand..... ..h......... 04 to.05 ly irregular, figures. Bermuda onions California, navals, 3.50 to 3.75; seedlings,
.. Imported cabbage;each... .:.......... .13 :scarce, not very good and barely steady. 3.00 to 3.25; Valencia, cases, 4.50 to 5.00; I.
"applelt, bbl.. ......". ....... 5.50 Havana onions Jamaica bbls 6.00
: plenty'amd meeting to 7.00 -AND-
beets bbl...... .... ...;.;.. good ; tangerines, Ii
:Potatoes, bbl.'Burbanks. ..!............ 2.50'2.60 ,outlet at steady prices. Other Bermuda choice to fancy 3.00 to 4.00; mandarins, "
."h sack ...................... .... 2.40 and Havana vegetables have sold very choice to fancy, 2.50 to 3.00; grape fruit, I
Early Roe! N Y.seed....;. 2.75 well in ranges quoted. Cabbage firm choice" to fancy 3.50 to 4.00 lemons Fruit Auctioneers
Hebron seed*................. ; I
Peerless., ..i... .... ......... 2.75 2.75 under small offerings; the cargo of Danish Messina\ new, 2.50 to 3.00. ;
Chili Red ........ ;..... .:, 2.75 in to-day will probably sell readily. SOMEKS, BROTHER & Co. i.
Onions, bbl,.......!'... .... ...:...... 3.25 Celery scarce. and firm. 141 Dock Street, Philadelphia, Pa.
Eggs.......... .............._..... ...._. .23 I,
Beets, Bermuda $1.75 to'2.00; Brussels At retail in New York city hot-house 9 .
VEGETABLES AND rOUI/TRY. sprouts, 8c to 15c; cabbage, domestic, cucumbers cost 20 cents each. Southern We handle all kinds of Fruits and Vegetable,
Corrected by Davis & Robinson 3,00 to 7.00; cabbage, imported, 6.00 to tomatoes '25 cents either at private sale (which has heretofore been
are and
Yellow Yams, bush. ........ .... a pound, hot our custom) or by the auction system (recently
10.00'celery 75c
II. fancy large to
Sweet Potatoes .,.. ,,.... .;... ..' v .50 ; house.tomatoes 75 cents; new potatoes added to our business) as you may desire.
Iiubbardsquasibbl;... ........ ....,. .50 1.00; celery state and w'n f'r to g'd 30c from Florida, the first of the season, 20 .
Lettuce, doz.,... ...........,....'..,.... 2.75 to 65e; celery, state and w'n short, lOc to cents a half, peck $1 bun.
Celery......... ..............."-... ....... .40.50 85c; celery near-by,' 1.00 to 1.50 toma- dIe ; asparagus, a
Egg Plants, bbl..I................ 6.00 ; ; French cauliflower, 75 cents each;
Tomatoes, crates ..... ............... ... 3 00 toes, Key West, l.'OO to 3.00; tomatoes, egg plants, 25 to 50 cents each; lettuce,
Sweet Pepper, bu, none.. .,..:........ 3.00 Havana, 2.00 to 3.00. 5 to 15 cents a (head; string beans, 50 fProduce ,Sold !
Okra, bu, none.... .... .;............ cents ;
Green Beans crate, none. .... .. .... Palmer & Frost's Quotations. a quart; radishes 5 cents a bunch; I i
Peas, none....... ....... I ,. ..V. beets, 10 cents a bunch; new carrots, 10 pars Quick of/and Fruits paid for and quick,is the way our sblp. :
bunch. ................. ... Vegetables like It; and
Turnips .; ,06 NEW YORK, February 20.;-Choiceoranges cents a bunch; parsnips, 15 cents a dozen; our 40yenrs' experience without defaulting k i iI

Pumpkins Cucumbers,,, each crater.--.................. ....... 05 to 7.00.15 brights 2.50 to3.50; russets, 1.50 new onions, 7 cents a bunch, and hot- I I Ity.dollar Any Is ,guaranty bank I r merchant both of ability using and mercantile stabil,
Kersnaws, each...., ..... "!.....! .10 to ,15 to 2.50;; tangerines, 2.00 to 4.00;; grape house tomatoes,,75 cents a pound.F. I reports can tell our staudh g. _
Parsley, per daz. bunches ..... ,.,... : ,50 fruit, 1,00 to 2.00. As we never buy we never have goods ot I
Carrots, Fla., per doz. bunches... ..... .25 to .35 our own :for the best prices, leaving that o.
Green onions per doz. bunches..... .. 20 to .30 ; G. Sampson a large .)growers for second place. We want more I
,Pepper,hot bushel t, none....'.,..... 1.50 to 2.00 orange. 'consignments for Increasing trade. AFTER 'j
Sage well cured lb..... ................. .10 to. 15 Out.G. grower, of Boardman, will plant a kTRY: US. A TRIAL TO WILL OUR .STANDING COST
Lima Beans, shelled, ........ ''NOTHING YOU \
qt none
Hens.."..... -....,HI...........HI..... ,.... .35 L, Taber, of Glen St. Mary\ offers large crop of-corn, potatoes, peas, etc: (METHODS BEST.AND YOU MAY LIKE.oui. 'b,'.,,
Roosters...!.........f,................ T25 to ,30 ,very cheap certain lines of stock, which He.says he floes not intend to be dependent Letters answered promptly. Stencils anu! ?
Broilers......,.............. ...........,. .18 to .25 must be sold out in order to the land. '' 'cards free. _.,\
.... use on oranges alone longer. book about markettiigFrultandvegetabledFrench
Turkeys, per pound gross. .. ,.-.. .13 any i
Ducks.,..... ....... .. .. ...... ......... 30to 40 The stock is not culls but of theu'egular There are a good many others around
GeeRe..i:.......... ;50 grade. Parties: ordering his "List 0-8," &
I Quail doz...... .... ..... ...,.-. ,.,. .. 1.20 issued February 23 and to the Orange Lake and throughout the coun- Co.
Wild ducks, doz II.. ......,.of.. .. .. ... i.oo to 2.00 who willfollow his 4 116
Wild turkeys each.,......... ..........? 1,00 to 1.50 prices mentioned therein, will be able to ty example.- Warren St., ,New York.
Cauliflower, doz..,,,,. ...... It... .,1,2.50103.00 buy desirable trees very low.' Times. """ '"

.. I


.. -,- ------ '," ... .. -' -. ....
'--:- -;-- :'' -- :: -----

$. .:',.!,''.:;:.,:.,' .

-:- :- ; -- --- ,- .a :-,. '---=-._ -- .. r .. '."-"-.-- H'_ _

/4' ,;(. ._" ,' -

I "
1 -, .- t
'-. .
.. -
0 ....... .. ,.,0 '
;_, ,0'
I -

4 r

California Oranges. I N NNS INNN NNN.......................1 R

Our farmer friends, know greatly lessen risks
I you you your J .
The California crop will exceed in when you buy Seed directly from the arOWC1'.'Ve raise Seeds of {
HomejGrown the earliest Sweet Corn,the earliest-and best Pole and Bush Beans ./
volume that of any previous year, and the best earliest and best late market Beets, the best Cucumbers, ... ,.',,
I will no doubt run close in the neigh. the best of the earliest and latest Drumhead Cabbage,the earliest '':'v": ;::.
of all the Wrinkled Peas, the best Dwarf and decidedly the best ... -',
borhood of 7,000, cars. Mr. M. V. of the Marrowfats, the best early and late Squashes, the best market / ,',. .
Hartranft who is interested in Carrot the earliest Bed andthe very best of all the Yellow S '
largely Unions. We offer these and numerous other varieties,including 0,,
the California fruit trade in this city, several valuable new Vegetables, In our Vegetable' and flower I ., ,-.",;
Seed Seed Catalogue for 1895. Bent:! free. OMb h
has just returned from the'Southern J.J.II. GREGORY dc SON, lUn.rblehen..IIUn.8s. r A /

California fruit belt, and says that the ......+1S....................................... ... <

quality of the crop is also going to

surpass any previous season. COMPLETE, '" .

For three years past the fruit growers 7 SPRAYING OUTFIT PAD EXPRESS) FOR$5.50 Shortest Quickest Most Attractive.

of Southern California have ,been Mixer. ,
ltH Automatic Barrel Attachment.Cfl
.O .,
subjected to heavy frosts during the : !!P nnOlniica III UOCioglstsoftlieU.H.Endorsed by the leading valuable En tomolDUfUUU Illustrated )-,. O-1JT, E:

maturing period, which resulted in <-- JMAKES :; coMPLEtE Book (worth f,.00) given to each purchaser ,BETWEEN "
.. Satisfaction Guaranteed, or Money Refunded.
injuring the qifklity of the by G :
orange IIL.CatatogueandTrcatise! SprayinsFree. FLORIDA POINTS AND THE NORTHTHE
driving the juice back into the tree H BRA_ __ MACHINES Our Agents uromakJnpf+! from !85 to $' OJerdny.Forpartfcularsand .
but, however, left it in merchantable Pi WILL SPRAY 10 ACRES PER,DAY terms,address.Dux. ia Catsklll,N.Y Florida Central and Peninsular

condition, and with the desire to ,- .,

realize something upon their crops the '- NEW... THROUGH' ROUTES.
t California during those three '300 Acres in Nursery. One Acre Under Glass. Thirty-Seventh Year. New York to Jacksonville by !
growers; Newl'lorlcla.: Pennsylvania R. R. to''Wash
seasons, flooded the Eastern ,markets SPEGIAh'1: IE s and ington, Southern Railway to
i Northern Columbia, Florida Central &
with worthless, unpalatable fruit ; but Air Line. Peninsular to all ""principal'points

during the present season the climatic FRUIT I TREE S S Peach, Oriental Plums to Florida and Pears and Japan ical Persimmons countries, ," ) in Florida.

conditions have been entirely favorable Strawberries, Guavas, Giant Loquat, etc" etc. Rare Conifers and Broad-leaved Evergreens, Camellias Cincinnati Cincinnati to Jacksonville Chatta-by
&Crescent to
,Azaleas, 50,000 Palms, 20,000 Camphor Trees, Hedge Plants, Open Ground Grown Roses. The Queen
t to the production of a large crop Green House department is complete in plants of every class suited to Southern Horticulture. Cat andFlorida}nooga. Southern R'y to Ever- .
& !
Florida Central Penin-
in free. Address J. BERCKMANS Fruitland Nurseries, Augusta, Ga.
of strictly 'fancy fruit, unsurpassed I alogues No Agents. p. Limited. sular to,all important Florida

flavor and quality by any orange i iT points.
Kansas City, Fort Scott &
grown in the world. The dangerous Kansas and City Memphis R.R.to Kansas City,

season, or the period at which frosts : JacksonvilleThro' to Birmingham, Southern R'y
Fertilizersfor to Everette Fla. Central &
; a are liable to occur, is past, and it' Complete Line Peninsular to all Fla. points.

'would take a very severe freeze to in potatoes, fruits'and all vegetables require (to secure the largest yield.and best quality) 1St. Louis Short to Line Jacksonville'to Du Quoin by,

;. any way injure the crop in Californiaat Actual Holly Sp'gs Central to Holly Sp'gs,
this season. AtLeast I o/ Potash. Route., City, Memphis & Birmingham -
b I to Birmingham, Sou.
The Washington navel orange is Results of experiments prove: this conclusively. iow ajid why, are told, in our pamphlets. 'J R'y to Eyerette an/1/ F. C. & P.

the prize product of these growers, They are sent free. It will cost you nothing to read them, and they will save you Sioux City &,Chicago to Jacksonville -
111. Cent to
and they are beginning to move in dollars. GERMAN KALI WORKS, 93 Nassau. Street: ,New York Holly lloute.Sp'gs}Sp'g h,., C. M: :,:& B.. to Holly Birmingham -
1 Sou. R'y to Ever-
large quantities to every market in the ette and the F. C. & P;
l' United States. Philadelphia has already Louis'ille &Nash'ille to River ,
New Orleans Junction. F. C. & P., only
consumed in the of
neighborhood To }route ,with through sleepers
fifty carloads of this fruit, an amount Wintersmith's Chill ,Jackso'ville' JagJ between sonville.New Orleans ,and

that this in
city usually consumes one miles of in
The F. C. & P. has 700 track
season, and, before the first of June, Florida running through-. the I
it is that the citizens of Philadelphia The \ Tonic Tobacco- Jteflions, ,
expected For Malaria Stock Warming and Dairy Section, :

and territory wilf consume which is the chief Peach and Strawberry Lands,
Medicine cause Orange, Banana and 1'lneapple Country,
nearly 600 carloads of the product of For General Debility Phosphate Kelt
the of Known Has the SLtver,Spring and' I
Southern California which
growers, i For Biliousness -" / Other fine Scenery.
will surpass all records. The fruit,is Merit.Tried The Great Hunting Country.
For Constipation Reaches the Noted Fishing Grounds.
going along' satisfactory to the trade and True? Has the best lands for tillage, greatest variety r
here and in all other cities, 'and,is fast For loss of Appetite of soils in the State, and above all I

regaining that reputation which it 30 success 30 Being the best Remedy for these things on the market., Runs over the Central Rldgeland I''
Where It Is High and Healthy. I
Sells on its merits, and all Druggists keep it.
helci as the king of citrus fruits several Try it. ( Prosperous towns fill its route and it offers '
ARTHUR PETER& CO.,Wholesale Agents,Louisville,Ky. the best freight facilities for,any produce to I
years ago, prior to the freezing weatherin the Northern markets. Send for the,popularsong

that sunny State.-Phil. Grocery '

with its spirited words and beautiful music
descriptive of an actual Florida Home, and
If farmers would get into the which is gotten up in elegant style-Six pagesof
way full sized best music paper,containing alsoa I
of buying, for cash only, they would picture of a home in Florida and a hunting ,
do the t scene. It i is mailed on receipt of 10 cents (in :
more to of .
; promote prosperity
stamps, to pay expense of distribution.) I
the whole country than could be ac- Send also for the bestomap of Florida (sen i
free) and note the towns on Its route. '
complished by any other means. Long A. O. :MAoDONELIJ: ,G.P,A r I

.. time and low-interest is alluring whena r Jacksonville, Fla. I

'new machine can be used to ad- The Fla.; Cent. & Peninsular R. R. I
vantage, or some needed, implement 'r L r *z

is offered, but if the purchase is put Offers to ,Shippers

off until the money to pay for it is at-. Tho Shortest and Quickest Route

hand, these things can always be BETWEEN I '

bought at a discount from the credit ,SOMETHING NEW. FLORIDA AND ALL POINTS IN

price that places the cash buyer in a THE EAST AND WEST.

position to save enough to make it an The Kitselraan Fence is altogether, different from the old styles of woven wire With is Improved better 'eqUIpped Ventilated than Cars ever, this ever company to-

object. If the cash system is once fencing, in having, as it has a straight wire running lengthwise through every meshor handle the Orange and Vegetable Crops, and
diamond; the mesh wires being twisted around each other as well ss around the insure close connections and prompt despatchto II
put into practice the money for need. straight or .parallel wires, forming the strongest woven wire net-work ever produced 'all Easteru and Western Markets.
_. ful things is always ready when ,need -in fact, it is so far ahead of any-other netting for beauty, strength, durability Through oars to destination with.I

comes. The position of the proverbial"toad and general utility, that a fair comparison can not' l-vV made. Every wire and out change or delay.followed wire

under the harrow" is not more in'this fence is a brace to all other wires and tp all other twists the full shippers Perishable advised freight time passing various by Junction and'
height of the fence. The combined strength of the straight and mesh wires is morethan points and arrival at destination.All .
unpleasant than that of the in
man claims for overcharges'and loss promptly -
treble that of a fence made without any straight wires. This fence obviates
debt in times like these.-American feature which is the fatal adjusted
that very objectionable of sagging, fault of all old style
See that goods are markedvia
Farmer. netting: This fence is ,made with a machine which is so simple that it is 'taken your ,
... F..C. & P. R. R.
into the field. A man to work the machine and a boy to spool the-wire can make ,For information call on or address the undersigned -
The St Cloud peach farm is now from 40 to 60 l'ods'p-cr da ;. All parts are interchangeable. It is light, strong, durable : .
trimmed back in order easily handled and'Is a machine that will pay every farmer to have, for the C. E. TAYLOR, Trav. A'gt Ocala, Fla.
being to
get W. 11. TUCKER, Gen. A'7't, Orlando, Fla.
reason.that it will save enough in,a very short time.to more than pay for it. G. M. IIOLDEN, Trav gt, Leesburg, Fla.
another of the
" growth trees, crop for The above cut represents No. 48. 2 No. 0, 8 No. 13 & 11 No. 15 Cost of wireto W. 11. FULLER, Trav. AV't, Tampa, Fa,
this year being entirely destroyed by make; 2Oo per rod. Mules are about, as hard as any farm stock to keep in Or N. S. I'ENNNGTON, Tralllo Manager,

the freeze.-Kissimmee Valley pounds; but the,, Kitselman Fence is equal to the occasion. W, H. PLEASANTS,,General Jacksonville Freight,Fla.Ag"i


. ,
. ,
, ., ,' '

,I..1. '. IT' 4. .- ___;..;..:-:.;......;....;;,; _--"';" -'::'-: L ;-::; :;7:::_:--'::",-'--... -:..

4 II .
/ ,
'' ,
I .. ....,...''"!w.'
\ Durability of Live Oak upon the'ground for so many years. ThE It

In 1886 I published the' following Second Case. In 1828, my uncle,

article, and I regard the.facts set forthas Col.! Robert Gamble, erected at his FIRST NATIONAL BANK FLORIDA -

sufficiently valuable to induce me plantation home a bee-house. It stood LIf! I
to copy' it from my scrap-book and .offer upon Tour posts, cut from live oak JACKSO ,

it to you for republication. It is saplings, not large enough to square .
The Oldest National Bank "
styled "A Suggestion to the Railroad seven inches. T hey were about seven in the State.

Companies of the "State." feet long and put about three feet in This Bank, after twenty years of successful business, has just undergone a rigid special examination ,
the United States
by Comptroller's Department,and has had its charter extended fot an
! "The vast destruction of the forestsof the ground. In 1881, at my suggestion other period of twenty years, ,'
By conservative, yet liberal methods, this bank has achieved the highest reputation for solidity,
I Florida Jo supply the demand for Col.! R. H. 'Gamble had one of strength and ability to meet all legitimate demands.We .
t railroad ties is a subject which should these posts brought from Weelanneeand invite a visit or correspondence, looking toward business relations, assuring you that your.
favors shall at all times.receive. intelligent and careful attention.
closely interest not only the railroad placed on exhibition at the fair ..
companies, but also every'community held that year on the Tallahassee race JAMES M. SCHUMACHER President., R. C. COOLEY Cashier.

in.the State. Prompt action looking course, and it was a subject of interesting

, to a not remote future for profitable examination to many. It was at Safe Deposit Boxes, For Rent.

I returns, would very largely obviate that time perfectly sound, the portion JOHN'L.'' MARVIN; -

I this wasteful destruction, which is alone.which had stood in the ground President.H. .

I sweeping away all small growth, whichif showing any-decay whatever, and this T. BAYA, THOS. W. CONRAD,

not prematurely cut, vvouldjn!: the, only a thin superficial ,surrounding, Cashier. .. CAPITAL $100,000.' Assistant Cashier. .I

. course of another generation yield in which removed, did not reduce its

full-grown timber several hundred proportions to the extent of half an THE MERCHANTS'' NATIONAL "

times'as many cubic 'feet. The. suggestion inch on the four faces.. This young BANK !

, I is, that the companies shall wood, at the time of the exhibit, had :
I ,_, plant along their 'right-of-ways' on been exposed to, all the elements of :

: either side of their roads, the live oak, decay in a warm, moist climate for Respectfully solicits your Deposits, Collections and Genera !

: either ,as. acorns or small plants; or fifty-three years, and there were no Banking Business.CORRESPONDENCE ,3
both. On good soil, a live oak.of flu indications to show that it would not,, -

teen years would yield from two to under like conditions, have endured INVITED. ,jDIREOTORS j I

: four ties; at .twenty years, if sawed, as long again. e i
would yield from eight: to twelve, and Third case.; There now stands at John L. Marvin, A. B. Campbell. Chas. Marvin, ,

,one of thirty years would give at least the 'corner of a square in Tallahasseea H. T. Baya, T. W. Roby, Judge R. B. Archibald, ;
Judge E. M. Randall. C. B. Rogers W. M. Davidson,
The large live oak tree which duringthe
twenty. tree grows rapidly-no' Or H.. Robinson. John E. Hartrldare..
forest tree of the country more so. I conflagration of 1843, which swept .

can point out a. tree in Tallahassee, I away all the business portion of the SAVINGS AND TRUST BANK

growing in a most unfavorable posi- city, was completely burned and

sion, which is about 45 year old-in killed, as to its body, limbs and top, OF IORIDA
!886- -and which one foot from the with the exception of a strip of about tE' : ,

ground would give a diameter of four six inches wide-at the angle'most remote JACKSONVILLE. .
feet. This tree would give 64 ties 6 from the burning, buildings on: CAPITAL, ., $50,000. .

inches square, to the 'cut.' By dig-' the corner of the square extending H. ROBINSON, President. W. J. nARIOSIIJU1IERVlcePre: J. -

ging this! tree. up and trimming the from the ground to the lower limbs. WM. RAWLINSON, Cashier. ;

:roots lengthen the trunk, two cuts The wood thus killed is, _after an .' '. '\

could be obtained! yielding 128 ties, exposure "of forty-three years-up to -DIRECTORS : ..

while the limbs, which are massive 1885-perfectly sound, and the small H. ROBINSON, '. J. HILDEBRANDr, / PE. McMURRAY,
of bark which the fire
I and long, would yield as many more; I strip escaped J. A. HENDERSON, C. C. ROBERTSON, W. B, OWEN.:
ties 6x6 inches to the tree. has expanded' and grown around the
i or 256 Collections made on all points of Florida,and Remitted for on day of Pay
, To*show the durability of this timber dead trunk until more than half of it ment. Active and Savings Accounts .Solicited. Interest Paid/on f

'I will cite three cases : No. i. has been enveloped in new} wood, and Savings.

I About 1834-5 there stood on the plantation ) new limbs have been developed, form- -

called Neamathla, two and a ing a green top, eliminating the dead

half miles east of Tallahassee,a wooden stumps of the former limbs with an FLORIDA FRUIT EXCHANGE.

,sugar mill? the rollers and l lever being area of more than twenty feet in di- M

I I of live oak. About twenty.two years ameter, some of whose limbs are eight An Incorporated Home Association of Orange Growers for marketing Florida Fruit to the
: afterwards I visited the place and inches in diameter.At best:advantage.-"AUTHORIZED CAPITAL $300.000.
BOX MATERIAL-The Exchange-is. fully prepared to supply boxes and paper on
! found that ,what had been a field in this writing Feb.7 i; 1895, this order. Write for price list and terms.

1835 had \ into a dense forest tree continues to flourish, and the por.. -OFFICERS: :-
grown ;
GEO. R. FAIRBANKS, President. D. GREENLEAF Vice-President. r
forcing my horse through the undergrowth tion of the dead body still exposed to ALERT M. IV S Gen'l Mgr. and Treas. M. P. TURNER, Secretary.
1 last found the view is-as sound as it was nine years -Geo. it. Fairbanks Alachua Co.; E. G. Hill.Bradford Co.; Dr. E. ;
at spot, Hillsboro; John Fabyan Lake Co.; Hy Crutcher Orange Co.; D Greenieaf. .;
marked by.the crumbling remains of ago, or fiftytwo'years after the fire. J. D. Mead, Duval Co.; A. Brady, Brevard Co.; F. d. Sampson Marion I'Co. ; C. V. Hillyer,
; Here have three illustrations of Marion Co.; John M. Bryan, Osceola Co.; W. E. Stanton Putnam Co.; M. S. Moreman St.
the furnace": In a depression rkingI we Johns Co.; C. F. A. Bielby,volusia Co.; Irving Keck Polk Co. ,- '
the site ,of the ash pit stood a pine the durability of this timber well 'Addressall correspondence to the Florida Fruit Exchange Jacksonville, Fla Stencils_ ,
r .
I with full packing and shipping instructions furnished on application. '
of the consideration of those _
tree about two feet in diameter, and worthy
I who have in charge the interests of
close by there lay upon the ground "
two live oak rollers, about sixteen these great .corporations.-Robert JOHN CLARK, SON & CO., : .
II inches in diameter. Around the circumference Gamble, in Tallahasseean.. :

i ; of one of them cogs were Vineyardist.- Grocers and Commission Merchants

inserted of the same timber, and cor- Editor Farmer and rruit-Grower; ,
Will have the kindness to giveme i E
responding mortises were let into the DEALERS IN
and address of the
the name pub-
I other. These and mortises had
their edges as cogs well defined and were lisher of the "Vineyardist- together Coal, Hay, Grain, Wines, Liquors",- ,

with the subsciption price ? also, is u .
as sound as if made the year before, Cigars, Tobacco, Etc. ,;.
there of like nature
a periodical pub-
being only stained by the weather. :
By them laid a limb of live oak about lished in ,the South? J"a.ol o1'1'V'i11e, E'101 icta. /
I five inches in diameter at the base and JAS. P. BELDEN. ,.
It is in Penn Yan New
I three or four inches at the smaller end. published PRICE-LIST OF WHISKIES : -

There had been "no attempt at ,shapingit York. There is no similar publics MANONGAHELA RYE............ .,......$t 50 CABINET,BOURBON... .......,...... ,..$q 00
six tion in the South. PARKER..... ............ ...... .......,... 175 J. MARTIN .......... ,...,..,........ 300
except'at a point about feet -....... ORANGE VALLEy............ ........ ..... 2 00 VIRGINIA GLADES................ .......... 400
from the larger end where it had beenflattened "The groves which have been the SPRING VALLEY...'..... .... .....;.......250 OLD BOURBON........... .... .... ,....500
BALTIMORE CORN.......... ..........,... :3 OO KRNTUCKYSOUR-MASU..5.0c'
and a mortise cat through, most stimulated by fertilizer, observedMr. NORTH CAROLINA CORN.. ............ 250 OLD BAKER......... .......... .-' "::"
about six inches by two. This limb Kirkhuff, recently, "suffered the CLIFTON CLUB.............. ............. 300 MONTROSE VELVET RYE., .....f......,.......'.5'oo"
..L Ii...................
had parted only with its bark, 'being most by the freeze. It is evidentlythe JUGS EXTRA: One gallon, 250; two gallon, soc; tree gallon, 75C'' ; 6 00
money order, check or registered le ter;. We cannot ship C. O. D. Rj'i' Remit by posiofficeA
apparently sound in every respect, best policy not to fertilize after the "R. with i order. ,
of and free n
complete. prlce.Ust Groceries! W.i1
1 .f :c.rppllcation:
the edges of the mortise were also rainy season unjil well into the spring. '

,sharply defined, although lying flat -Manatee River Journal. fII \ JOHN CLARK, SON & CO.


.. .

,_,._,- ....- .- _.--- .....- -.'".. .---' .' ".. --, ..-.... ',-, .; ---i._--- ._ -- -,- .. ...-.-- ..-...,,.,,. :.. -,.,..'-.- -...':=-=.=====:.:..=-= --

f ... -- y -
"' _
---------- -." .- .- -..... ...

. ,ar
.' ..' .
! ., ,, .
} .. "f' '' '._ __. ....,, .' '. _.:....... l'. .......,.' ..'....... ...,..,",, '" -' 'f ':,..' ', ", ,..,to.', !,'
j, ". .. '" ..:' :-:, ; ; -\" '- ;., < : ';

I .". ..' ... / .. .


} .

t Biscayne Bay. When friends were fleeing from the versa Monday morning.-Tropical I II I can furnish forty thousand orange and

j-i'} Few tourists have the courage to heat, seeking the lakes of the North News. .. .' lemon trees uninjured by Florida'fieezes' at
following rates: Lemons five hundred dollars'per
overcome the hardships of travel in where the temperature was much The,Seminole Canning Company is thousand, oranges seven hundred and fifty

t' reaching the most beautiful part of higher than ,any point in Florida, we tHis week putting up guava jelly in dollars Address per F.thousand.D Waite, Belleview Pomelo ,one Fla.dollar 3-2-2 each

Florida, as it is so inaccessible. Lake were traveling South in July and August small wooden boxes that are probably -

:;.-' R,, Worth with its palatial hotel, the Royal and spent these two months at intended to go with lunches. The thousand.-Parson Early Maltese Brown Straight, ten dollars and Hart's per

,l' Poinciana, is the southern terminus. of Biscayne Bay ((400 miles south of order is being filled for the Hotel Tardiff per thousand.Oranges Address and Lisbon J. Lemons W. Waite seven, P. O.fifty Box

t: railroad travel, and the next hundred, Jacksonville) more delightfully than Cordova, one of the famous Flagler 809, San Diego'California. 3-2-4

miles must be made by sail boat on the any we can recall. Sailing over this hotels at St. Augustine.Tropical CASSAVA seed for sale.-$1.00 per 100 feet f. o.

l Atlantic to Cape Florida, the entranceto beautiful, translucent body of water, News.In mers., Fla. Jacksonville. M. Chesebro-- Plum-' .
Biscayne Bay or by boat on LakeS this inland sea, 6 miles wide and 40 '
a letter to the editor of the Car- !
Worth to Lantana thence by 65 in : of .rj OR SALE-Two milch cows, fifty PlymouthRock
1-' stage long, pulling 5opound specimens
leton (Neb..Leader) Mr. J. B. hens, ten months old, four thousand I
miles to Lemon City on Biscayne Bay, the finny tribe, would charm the fol. sugar seed cane Address M., Box 713, Jacksonville. -
of Shenandoah la. who
a from which place all other points on lowers of Isaac Walton; but those to .,Fla. it
visited this In
cently region :
the the to Key West whom is sail says trees are frost proof-Orange's Cherry ,
bay or on keys trolling no sport, a out of THESE
: fact we did not find any section that Well rooted, thrifty young budded
can be reached by small boats by an the bay, over the coral reefs, about suited in the' least until we were trees, 70C each, $:.Sd per doz. prepaid. This
inside route which is both pleasant Rocks Light king fish and new fruit wonderfully productive' and in cook-
Fowey '
nearing Pensacola, where we struck ing qualities excels the Rihmond or Morello
'' and safe. bone fish, two of the gamiest known, cherry, Wm. L. Orange, Mannville, Fla. 'it I
again the beautiful piney woods, and .
The former route is not one to be are to'be found in great abundance, ---
for 25 miles north from Pensacola is. rj.RAPES-White Niagara Grape Vines for'sale,
taken by timid people or bad sailors, while,at the head of the bay, tarpon of fruit farm I 84.00 a.hundred; $10.00 for 300. F. Lloyd,
vast or might
so our trip in July last was made by the l largest size are caught in great garden-ard pear orchard., say, Fruitland Park-Fla., -2-23-2.

stage. The country after leaving numbers every season. I AT HALF ITS REAL VALUE I -Ten year-old I
Lake Worth is not attractive, as it is The shore Jine "of the bay presents .' grove, south side lake front, one mile from
town. "Fine vegetable lands, J. L. .Derieux, "
principally' spruce pine for probably naturally the most charming villa sitesto Lakeland,, Polk county, Florida.. 2-16-4 '
twenty-five miles, when an open, yel- be found in ,Florida; the cream of ." ,
SALE.-An a No. i pointer bitch; also an'
low pine country is reached, which them are to be found near the Miami :- FOR PROFIT. FOR bred fox hound dog pup, nine monthsold

varies but little in appearance or quality !- River, and are owned by Mrs. Tuttle ford(ville Tennessee, Fla. stock).' Address,.R. B.Bull 2-16-3"Brad-

; until Arch Creek is approached, and Mr. Brickell. Reducing this to They Don't Freeze., '
when the oolitic limestone begins to still narrower: limits, the lands of Mr. FANCY POULTRY.-Albert Fries, St. Nic1'o- '
modern soft-shell' finest, larg Jacksonville, keeps 15 varietiesof
Our 'pronounced
appear, which forms a ,ridge of high Brickell are, by all odds, the most desirable est and quickest bearing in America. Well adap- pure-bred fowls. Eges for hatching booked
land, often too rocky for cultivation, on the bay. Here the oolitic ted to Florida, and nearly every'State in the now Pekin drakes for sale, $1.25 each "2-9-2 '
Union. We sell and deliver first-class trees
that extends almost l to Cape Sable. limestone bluffs, 20 feet high, come cheaper than any other growers. Putout a Tu MAKE HENS LAY-There is nothing like,
The pine land is the same as boldly out to the bay in placesand in grove,a fortune in a few years. We also have the Bowker's Animal Meal. 40 tons sold in Flor-
and most prolific field corn
finest, prettiest ida last year. Hundreds of testimonials. For !
4 that around Eden, for- which such others, the land gradually rises from known-50 ears to bushel. Highest premiums particulars, write E. W. Amsden, ,Ormond, Fla. _
I z_ fabulous prices are. paid 'by those the bay to a point varying from 200 for$Ioo descriptive oo for sample pamphlet.of better pecans or corn. Send io-i3-tf -

going into pineapple culture=and our to 300 feet before it reaches the bluff CAROLINA S"EED & PECAN,CO., BROWN of LEGHORN the best.\ EGGS$i for for 13.HA TCHING.-R.. ,Puddy

readers will do well to hold on to their level, which i is probably 35 feet above Ivanhbe.N' C. Lawtey,,,Fla. Barred Plymouth Rock eggs .for'

x cash until they examine these' l lands high water. Mr. Brickell has subdi- hatching.s 10-6-13

owned by the East Coast Canal Company vided his bay lands, and is offering ,a THE TROPICAL TRUNK LINE, FINE, Black$1.00 Minorcas each.and'"White-faced'.Black Langshan Black '

instead of paying $500 per acre portion to those who will erect the Spanish $3.00 trio. Eggs $1.50 for 13, $2.00 for

ft for lands not so good, further north. better class of houses. These lots JACKSONVILLE, ,-, FLORIDA.FLOK1DA,. '.' ., w 26. E<:Harrison,& Sons, Paola', l Fla 2-9-4 '

Along the route small bodies of ham will -not be on the market long, as LIGHT'BRAHMA, D". ,Plymouth Rock and

mock land are to be, found, but the Northern men of means will buy, themas : to suit the Turkey times.Eggs C.'Gomperts for hatching, Lady,'$1.oo Lake,dozen -

New River lands are by far the most soon as they see them, realizingthat Florida. 2 2-16

desirable that we saw untIl.we reached such property is not to be found BERKSHIRE PIGS. Best registered (ult'i i
at reduced for one month''
Biscayne Bay. elsewhere in this country, LANDS only., T; A. Vincent, Riverview prices,.Fla.: 2-2-3

The stage stops over night at New Mr. Flagler has made the east coast Agent's profits,per month.. Will

River, and here in tents such as are of Florida accessible by building a '-, S,5 2 5 prove it or pay forfeit. New Articles -.
.. just out. A $1.50 sample
used in the Adirondack mountains, railroad to Lake Worth, and will ORAES5NCz .. and terms free. Try us. CHIDES- ."
; & SON, 28 Bond St., N. Y. .
'you are entertained in unique and soon open the canal_ to Biscayne Bay, ." TKR ; i I
charming style. The old saying, eventually building his road to this TILGHMAN'S CONDITION POWDERS FOR i

.. "Jack of all trades, and good',,at none," coming section of the State. When RESORTS, .'. grow fat. Sample package to by make mail them, thirty-five eat and, ;:

was proven false,in the personality of this is done values will increase very cents. W.; Tilghman; Palatka, Fla. ;
our host, Mr. Strannahan, who is rapidly, as. it will be reached under 48 f!
SALE-Bronze turkeys, Black Langshans,
hotel proprietor, state agent, postmaster .hours from New: York and in about INVESTMENTS FOR Game fowl. Langshan, Game and I''

ferrymanland agent, also filling a the same time from Chicago. The Pekin Mann, Mannville duckeggs, Fla.for hatching., Mrs 12-1-12 W. H. I
half dozen other minor positions ,in building of this road will wake Bis- r,

the same acceptable manner that he cayne Bay the most charming spot in DEVELOPMENTS rjORSALEforcashtimeortiadeorangegroves. Keuka'1,
managed the hotel, at which the best I America-the blissful haven of the ',}tla. 3-n-i6t 1

meals south of the New Duval.House invalid, and the Mecca of the rich.- FOR EXCHANGE-Summer and winter hotel I'
served. i ATTRACTIONS North Carolina mountains. Owner must '
at Jacksonville were Industrial American.
live in Florida. Wants good orange grove. W. t
The stage ride, however, was the b 4 B. Clarkson, Jacksonville, Fla. 9-15-tf

most trying piece of travel under- Some of the fruit growers receiveda ADDRESS, ,! LOT OF SEEDLESS GRAPE'FRUIT--
taken; the sandy roads and heavy lesson last year and will profit by it. .Tahiti Limes. ,All on Grape fruit stock.

loads made more than three miles an They have been letting the trees run up G. 00.CENT. .AG ERLY, land Price, Fla.very reasonable. S. M. Stephens 12-15-10, Lake-

hour impossible, and we would 'not too high. Trees that' are not trimmed A CHANCE FOR A NURSERYMAN.-Forty

recommend 'anyone (unless akin to will have fruit,on the top that will be Ger.L.:, po.sser1Ler. Agt. thousand ((40 ooo) thrifty grape fruit trees in I
nursery form. Three-year old.Terms easy;
Job in patience) to try it if they were out of reach. For the first four yearsat Bowyer & Stephens, Lakeland, Fla. 12-15-10 I I

going to a less attractive place than least half of each year's growth U WORD" COL UMN. I
deal on wire netting.' Prices cut in
Biscayne Bay. should be cut off.. If you do so you ANEW. We pay freight. Writelbr our latest
will have strong limbs that will be To insure insertion in this column, advertisenients price-list. E. W Amsden, Ormond, Fla. tf
winter in
Having enjoyed a sunny must be accompanied by the nloney.
Italy and many winters near the Gulfof capable of carrying bushels of fruit. Advertisements must not exceed fifty words. ,THE LAKELAND NURSERIES-Have for sale
Postage Stamps received in payment. 127,000 citrus trees on sour orange,grape-fruit
The Kieffer does
Mexico in our own Southern not require quite so Count every word,including. name and address. and rough lemon roois"of, the following varieties:'
States including the west coast of severe cutting back. The Marianna ... Marsh Seedless! Pomelo, Thompson Pomelo, Au-
Seed Cprn. Let the people of rantium Pomelo, Booue's Early, Parson Brown,
.Florida, we feel that, experience fits plum forms a good head. The Kelsey Hart's Tardiff,Dancy Tangerine,Satsuma,Kum--'
in comparison does not, and must'' be trimmed back: Florida plant nothing but the quat, King and Maltese Blood Orange, and Villa
us to place Biscayne Franca and Belair Premium Lemon. Tahiti Seed-
with other places in a correct I would trim;the peach also. Unlessyou varieties suited tQ our climate and less,Limes. A specialty of the Marsh Seedless .

light before ,those who have never en- do it will run up too high, and ina soil. I have them., 'Fla.Grape-fruit. M; Marsh, Lakeland, Polk 11-17-20 Co. '

.-joyejjjtsjjalmy, ozone-ladened air, its little while it will begin to leaf and W. M. GlRARDEAU,
Citrus Trifoliata.
7 tropical growth its beauty of water, will be short lived.-Milton Clarion. 2-16-4 Monticello, Fla. WANTED-SOOO lowest one-year price. Arcadia Nurse-

land and sky, Tte i j; sport with rod, and Mr. E. A. Thomas, the head of ries-, Monticello, Fla., 12-I-tf

gun, and fruits anbH owers. The'one Mr. S. J. Carlton's packing forces, WILL exchange a pair of male fox hounds, TREES.-Fine stock; none better: low
handsome size, trained for deer, CITRUS
** .number, .of hands e and and square treatment No "back .
word incomparableto 4 HyJlL begin gath- fox ana cats, for a first-class watch dog, must numbers" offered. Write for prices. Thirteen
of and packing the fruit in the old bite strangers. My hounds 'are from Wade
this Bay country in a description, ering Hampton slock, and guaranteed as represented. years experience. Phoenix Nurseries, Braiden-
Florida. Marion Hendry grove of Ingram Tra- B. B. Keep, Boarduiau, Fla. town, Fla. II 3-iS



... I '...,...--. ..

I .. -- ,. -, .-.-- -. -- ,"- -,' -:' .:R --=....;;.... -'. /......,-'. ._' -' -.

-- .
-- -
---- -


c .

-. -

I . 143

I .
.' .

\ ri1; :: .' -: .- SAVANNAH LINEr The Clyde Steamship Co. t,

i: .- "

JK.I ,

I ( 48 Jo 55 hours between Savannah, New York and Philadelphia, and "

!Ii' : The magnificent Steamships: of this Line are. appointed :
;11 65 to 70 hours between Savannah and Boston.
.- to sail as follows, calling, at Charleston, S. C.,


,,3 From New York. From Jacksonville
'.. (Pier 29; E.; R.) STEAMER Florida. '

... '- ....-,7..:"ALGONQUIN".!.......Sunday, Mar. 3d, at 8.30am
Q. ivr: SORRgL, .lVIa.1"1a.: er. I ........."SEMINOLE" ........Tuesday, 5th, at 11:00: m
I :;, T1 Friday March 1st, at 3 p m. ......."IROQUOIS". ......Thursday, /I 7th at I'sopm
':: Tuesday, 5th/at 3 p'm... ....."CHEROKEE"..... ... Sunday, /I loth, at 4:30: a m !
Friday, 8th, at 3 p m. ,....... "ALGONQUIN".......Thursday, ./1,,14th, at 7:00: a m
Monday.U 11 th, at 3 p m..... ..,."SEMINOLE". .... .....Sunday.II i7th at 10.00 a m I
Wednesday, J3th at 3p m.... ...:.. "IROQUOIS". ....Tuesday, !1 19th, at 12:oo n'n "
Friday, 15th.at3pm..CIIEROKEg..Thursday. 2st.at 1:30pm
I II .', M1; ras Tuesday, I9th, atspm..:......."ALGONQUIN"..... ...Sunday, 24th at 4:00am .
I I ; Friday 22d, at 3 p m......... "SEMINOLE" .. ......Thursday,. U 28th at 5:30: a m .\
Monday, II 25th at 3 p m.. .... ... "IROQUOIS" ....... .Sunday, II Sist, at 7:30am: ,
"< t'J t'- .' # c' Wednesday, 27th, at 3 p m........ "CHEROKEE". .... ...Tuesday, April. 2d, at 10:00: am.
".,'. Friday 29th, at3 pm..ALGONQUIN".Thursday, u 4th, at 12:30: pm
: ", -
..-... .. J '' t7. 1
-. ... ? i I
: [
and Jacksonville
, ,. .
.I'' \ ..:" Weekly service between Jacksonville and Philadelphia, calling at Charleston, S. C.south I
.--:- bound.The fast freight Steamships "Delaware" and "Winyah" are appointed to sail as follows :
.,, i ea x :''--44 r : :

, i\"'_. t (i From Philadelphia: STEAMSHIPS: From Jacksonville Direct : $

:" .. ;', Saturday, February 28th.5..... ..... ......ONEIDA.. .... ......... ....Friday, March 1st
"4r Saturday, March zd................. .BOWDEN......: .... .:... Friday! March 8th r
...<: .- Saturday, March .ONEIDA.Friday, March\ '15th !
, -' Saturday, March 16th..BOWDEN. Friday, March 22d .,
'.' \'' :. Saturday, March 23d.... ........ .. ... ONEIDA.. ..........":..:.Friday, March 29th ,
... PEuuiJa..ke! Ra..1e. I
Between. : Jacksonville and New York : First-class, $25.CO ; Intermediate $19.00;i' Excursion 843.30. ;

,\:.," _.- Steerage'$12.50.. FRUITS AND VEGETABLES ::1,

b- Jacksonville and Boston'or Philadelphia: Cabin $21.00;'Intermedlate, $21.00 j Excursion, $47.30 ; a Ii IiS I
: :.:. Steerage, $14.25.-' The magnificent Steamships of this Company are appointed to sail as follows: *
I "> -' 'r. J"OII S' IVE -L.IE.: : t
.' (Central or.goO Meridian.Time.)

Kansas City ..... .. .... ... .. ......,... ........ ..'.. .,. .. ..,........Friday, March i, 8.oo a. m. For Sanford, Enterprise and Intermediate Points on ;
:-_ Nacoochee ,,, ,; ,,.,,, ,,,;, :...... ...;.. .. .. .. ..... ......... ... .....Sunday"March 3. 9.30a.m. the St. Johns River. t
Tallahassee.....'...... .,.... ....... .......;. ........ .,. ....:........Tuesday March 5, 12.00 n'n -
. u.- City of Augusta..... .... -.,.. ......... ....... ... ...:".... .... ..., .-. ..Friday, March 8, 3'30p.m." (
,:' "._ Kansas City .......... ........ .... .... ... ..... ., ....... ......! .....Sunday, March 10, 5.ooa.m. The elegant iron side-wheel ste mers. V i
l' Nacoochee_,....., ........ .. ......i.... ........ ..., ......:.. .... ...Tuesday March 12, 6.30 p. m. : '.
;-. Tallahassee....::. ,....: .... ..'!.... ,........v........ :. ..,.:..,.... ..Friday, March 15, 8.30 a.m. city Of J"aoksorlV'ille: : ,',' .-. .r'
, City/of.Augusta...... ..... ..-..:. .,.. ..........:... ...., '_. ...... .. .Sunday, March t7i10.30am.Kansas ... : ;:. .
to c.... City, ., ......v.... ........ .... ...-. ........... ..... .....;.. ...Tuesday March 19,'12.30 p. m. ..,. Capt. W. A.:SHAW,. .. .' : .f i--''t\" ;'I, ;
'Nacoochee :..;.__..;.:.. ..".... .:!1..... .jj,,t4,._.t.- r..>* -<.-.rJ.rjday, March, 3 oo p.;:m.. : DeBARY "' .' '.. zy.
,Tallahassee.'..j. :',?'-._' '._' -!.' -.'.J;:"=::-"..' ....-..:!.. .. .'.. ".!'"..:....S.unda ;Jtfarch 24, 4.00 arm. 1 J ED'K ,
I ; City Augusta::,... :,:....7.: .";... ". ".."... *... .....,..... ..:. ".. .....TuesdayMdrL'ii5.3opm.Kansas } ( : .. Capt. T...W. LUND, Jr. .
City. '' .-'._ ::...:. ':'.......;.. '_':.......u. .....,.. ..........Friday March29, 7: :-t!! I sail from Saturday at m., 'and' from Sanford :
: to ,
: ._ : '_a oocbee...;!..,!!;... ...... !..;... ..........;.....-... ... ....... ........ .Sunday, March 31, 8;oo a. m. 'Krt'SfipGinted" -"V' -,.. .Jacksonville'daily daily except Sunday except at 9,oo a. m.3.30 p.
Jt ..
4 .. .
.... ..
.. .
Gate Clty.-. ... ..:. .......... .? .. .. .......... ....... ... .Thursday, March 7,2.oop.m. Read down, I Read up.
:I'. City of Macoii.. ........ ...!.. .....;..,.. .:.. ... :... .... .... .. ; .... ... March 14 7.oop.m. ........., ...... ......Jacksonville.7O-..: ... .......... Arrive ,3.30a.J1. 1.I. 1.
... ..... .. ... .... .... ...... -.... .... .... ........ ....,.,. March Leave '30P. m. ;: .
Gate City _! .Thursday, 21 2.30 p. m. 8.45 p, m. .., ....;.... .....;...... .Palat1 .,...... ....::::., .\/;::;: ,9.00 p. m.
. City of,Alacon ... ...:...... ....................: .:.!.. .. ......: ..Thursday, March, 6.3op.m. 3.00 a.. m. ...... ...".' .......... Astor.,3:!>O...... .m.,. ..._._. .Ir
-- .. 4.30 a. m. .... ...... .... .........St. .I.1.0'rancls.' ...... ............ .... U 1.30' "'p; -m'. -
FROM SAVANNAH TO PHILADELPHIA. u. 5.30a. m. ,...... ..... .... .. ... Berestord........... ...... .. .... .. 12.00 noon {
.. .. ..t.... ...... ...... .. '
'. .- Arrive 8.30a. m. ...... ...... ... .Sauford. :. 9.ooa m.
: : (These Ships It. do NOT Carry Passengers.)* 9.25a. m....... ......!...... ..., ;... Enterprise .... .... .... ....... u 9.30.a: m. I

t.... : Dessoug... ...... ...... ......'...' ... ....Wed'day, March 6, 1.o0p.m. ,I
II I Ellhu Thompson....,.- ...--......-....,,_....-.... ,.....Wed'day'March 13 7.00 a.m. ,
;.. De ...' .._........Wed'dayMarch 20, 1.30 p.m. General Passenger and Ticket Office, 204 West Bay St., Jacksonville -
l lihu Thompson...,.:;. ...-.., .. ...... ..Wed'day March 27 6.ooam. A. J.53OHS Passenger Agent Bowling Green New York.M. .
H.,CLYDE, Assistant Traffic Manager, 5 Bowing Green New York.I .
.. THESE 'PALACE STEAMERS ). D. C. MINK:, General Freight Agent. 12 ;0. Delaware avenue, Philadelphia Pa.
THEO. O. 1CGJEK, Traffic Manager 5 Bowling Green, New York. .
F._M. IRONMONGER, Jr., Florida Passenger Agent 204 West Bay St., Jacksonville, Fla. :.
Connect at'Savannah with Central Railroad of Georgia Savannah Florida & Western Railway, JOHN L. HOWARD, Florida Freight Agent, foot Hogan Street Jacksonville Fla. ,
1 Florida Central & Peninsular Railroad. J. A. LESLIE, Superintendent foot Hogan Street Jacksonville Fla.WM. .\
Through Bills Lading, Tickets and Baggage Checks to all points :North and East. See your
nearest ticket agent or write for Freight orTassage to P. pliYDE & CO., Genl Agents,
._ r C. G. ANDERSON Agent .
R. I,. WALKER Agent '
1 New Pier No. 35, North River New York. .City Exchange Building Savannah, Ga. 12 South Delaware Avenue, Philadelphia. 5 Bowling Green, New York.

RICHARDSON&setNARD, Agents, Lewis' Wharf. Boston.
W. L JAMES, Agent 13 S.Third. 1 W. A. BOURS. ESTABLISHED 1875. J. B..BOURS..
W. H. RHETT, Gen'l Agt. C. R. R., 317 Broadway New York.J .
D. HASHAGEN Eastern'Agent, Sav., Fla. & Western Ry. Co., 261 Broadway N. Y. .
.. J. L. ADAMS Gen'l East.. Agt. F. C. & P. R. R., A.DeW. SAMPSON General Agent, WILLIAM A. BOURS & CO.;
.. 353 Broadway, New York. 306 Washington St., Boston.
J. P. BECKWITH, General Agent, -
I'.. W. J. FARRELL Soliciting. Agent. W. ARNOLD, Gen. Trav. Pass. Agt.,
WALTER HAWKINS, Fla. Pass. Agent, Grain Garden Seeds and Fertilizers

>. I<;' New Office 224 West Bay Street Jacksonville. ,

I:: g fawJST BAY cl'T'.v JA.OKSONVI ,E, F T A.
!. TU: ::& BE.ST' E'ER.TI: IZERS:

.' WITH A We Handle Only the Best and Most Reliable Seeds. A Comple Stock of

Corn Oats Flour Bran Wheat Grits Meal
..... '.;. ;' ; I

'. .' Manufactured by the Cotton Seed Meal Both Bright and Dark. l .

; ,; t. BN: Darling Fertilizer CO' STATE AGENTS FOR PURE{ GROUND. BONE i

... Y gerl-Allen Fertilizer Co. NITRATE SODA,

... : :\ : OF PAWTUCKET R. I. "
: i Star Brand Fertilizers, j jp OF POTASH, .

'. :. We also carry tn stock Potash Nitrate Soda Kalnit, Cracked Bone and Beef Scraps for Poul GUARANTEED ANALYSIS. JP I SULPHATE POTASH )
. : ;. try, Sulphur(,Cottonseed Meal,Tobacco Steins Land Plaster and Ashes. ,

L.,' '..;. ,". .__ SOUTHERN OFFICE AND WAREHOUSE AT. JACKSONVILLE, FLA. Orange Tree and Vegetable r KAINIT. Etc.' : .

. "W: ':; [Rear of 26 West Bay St., on river front, midway between Main and Laura Sta. FERTILIZER. .,
These Fertilizers have no superior. in the market and'a trio will convince
pond for rocket-Memoranda Book. Send for Catalogue,free.- :'


___ _. ,.=
.. ._ .0
u .u.- .. .
----- .
.' -

R -
..--,--..<<, .r.", 4 _

,,:"" >,.' ,<;>. '. '.' ',""..' "". ..,:.". .
.d '
.T .r 'I.tU \ ., .. ,
'< '. -
\'" >
; ; v F... J"t v. !- .. I
'. '
'j.: :i v' '''''\' .''. ,,\ ;;.' .
', ,
'Itj:1' I '
.. .' ) ( ,'
A '
.. :t \"
144: SUB' or:, nlDr;:"MER AND FRUIT-GROWER. .,"'.'

........,"'...-.v ).-.s.:-
J :' ..


.. .. :t:

How to Grow Watermelons for Large Profits '

Is a treatise on melon culture recently issued by the Paine Fertilizer Company,who have,during the past six or seven rears, made the fertilization and sale of the melon crop a SPECIAL
STUDY believing and finally proving that this crop is not only the MOST PROFITABLE crop grown in Florida,but also a'CERTAIN" CROP, if planted and fertilized according. to the directions given ,'
In the above pamphlet which will be sent FllKE upon application. ,
Our Company are the only manufacturers' of High-Grade Crop Formulas,who have carefully studied the requirements of many of our principal and, beet-paying crops, especially the Water-
melon. ,

Write Us for Full Information Showing How to Plant for Market on a Large Scale. .

REMEMBER that;our specialty for years haffbeen the growing and selling of melons for large profits: Our watermelo'n brands are known and used throughout the. watermelon. :
sections. No other company has ever manufactured special brands for this crop. ,.. .' -- ,,
BE9IARE; of those imitating our formulas or copying our instructions-the use of their fertilizers can;, only mean PARTIAL-N SUCCESS and.often TOTAL FAILURE. -'. j

.COMMENCE PLANTING I'TO' : S?* and continue,as we direct, every ten days until last of March. Write for full particulars. NOW.is an opportunity to recoup I
your losses from other crops. ,,
BEAR IN MIND that New York City alone could, have used all the fine early melons grown in Florida last year therefore if we .increased the Florida acreage tenfold or more '
there is plenty marketing room and the acreage is HARDLY DOUI: LED this year much of it being poorly fertilized, which will only produce inferior melons
that will reach market too late secure, the handsome profits obtained by those who carry out our advice to the letter The variety of melon planted.by our customers is growing in favor. and
the demand is increasing each year. '
Our Company,with its house at New York and connections at Boston and Philadelphia, command the principal dish ibuting points in the Northeast, where the highest prices 'are always
paid for fine melons. Should the quantity of early melons grown in this State warrant it,will, also, have arrangements at Cincinnati and Chicago to distribute them through the West. We already
have control of the bulk of the early crop-let us handle yours,and it will reduce competition on sales,thus.enabling,us to hold up the market to the HIGHEST POSSIBLE PRICES
j In the future out New York house will handle the fruit and vegetable crops of any planters in Klor'da i i order to secure for_them the highest market prices, full and prompt returns, mak-
ing it an inducement for them to purchase our Special:' Formulas in large quantities, so as to plant on a more extensive scale. Write for stencil. .



/ I
will, bring the highest prices per box ever known. GET and FOLLOW our instructious and you will not only have a good crop of fine fruit next;winter,but you will save your trees, hurt by the De- ,,
,' cember and: February freezes,from two or three years set back. Full,directions will be given upon application. _

-. .


Stop Fertilising'for Display It is FRUIT you Want, I

"' -.-Fine----- ,,- ,Bpignt, Thin-skinned- Juicy Oranges in LARGE 'I

QUANTITIES-, -bring High. Prices in Market.

The PROFITS in planting come from Increased Yields of Finer Vegetables, which can only be obtained by the use of High Grade Crop.Formulas r

adapted to your soils and crops. How long is,it going to takejou to find out' that you can treble and quadruple your NET PROFITS by using our I !

High-Grade, Mixtures AS WE DIRECT ? : I

Many have been so encouraged by PROFITABLE YIELDS from the use of our Formulas, while previously they had barely made expenses, that '

they have increased their acreage each season until now they derive VERY LARGE INCOMES from their crops. Do you want proof of this assertion then

write us and we will give'it; or try a few acres with our brands and prove it for yourself. ., j
Our experience in handling the fruit and vegetable crops in New York for many of our customers and their friends has shown us that buyers at 1

that point examine each purchase with a very critical eye,they will pay HIGH PRICES for fine stuff and but very little for that which is ordinary. Write us

for our pamphlets and advice of how to grow crops for LARGE PROFITS, also, how to fertilize trees on different soils for INCREASED"" YIELDS of FINER .

FRUIT. % ,
Do you know that the application of light ammoniates, such as Cotton Seed Meal, Blood and Bone, etc., etc., are, the MOST INJURIOUS ARTICLES

you can put on,your grove ? They give a splendid growth of wood and foliage, but acting only as STIMULANTS. they DESTROY THE FRUIT PRODUCING h
PROPERTIES of tree and plant. -

A Ton of-our carefully-prepared Formulas, applied as we advise, is worth, in the long run, a carload of these ammoniates improperly applied and I I 51 I

being IMPROPERLY-PROPORTIONED with potash, phosphoric acid, magnesia, etc., etc. ;

You are growing FRUIT, not FOLIAGE, for sale, _VEGETABLES, not VINES, therefore you must avoid all HANK GROWTH. It is I
STEADY, STRONG and HEALTHY GROWTH that cjevelopes the FRUIT-PRODUCING PROPERTIES of the plant and puts money into your

pocket. Write us for all information on agricultural matters, to 0
71O and 712 East Bay St. Jacksonville Florida
: ,, ,$ ;: I

_, And for all information about selling your fruit and vegetable crops, to ,, 'i J (16"

: No. 1 York N. Y. 4
Broadway, New ii
Get our latest prices on'all agricultural chemicals before purchasing elsewhere. We undersell all competitors. Our facilities enable us to do this ." i In
easily, and, as a'rule, to.give better and higher class grades of materials. '' ; f

1 1e5



! / E>S A:8L-ISHE: >D IN 19! E