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UFPKY NEH LSTA SLAF



Florida farmer & fruit grower
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Full Citation
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055765/00314
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: S. Powers
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: January 26, 1895
Frequency: weekly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note: Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038466
oclc - 01387403
notis - AKM6256
lccn - sn 95026761
System ID: UF00055765:00314
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen

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WJE-HOM IS INCORPORATED "THE Fr..ORIDA DIv9PA'iii"

.

S. Powers, 1'iibligher and Proprietor JACKSONVILLE FLA., FEBRUARY 2, 1895. Whole No. taw Vol.1'1':1 I S1''Itll's'( ;

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W. C. WILT ESTABLISHED 1876. A. F. JONES IF IT IS FRUIT YOU "WANT,



WILL & JONES, SIMON PURE'.I."HEN J.31.JY CHEMICAL




58 .d JO WEST MTAKliET ST. 119 & 12S: 1'IIJIIGAX) ST.,
E'E TIY IZE
nITl''I''.l\J O.. X. Y.WHOLESALE .
MADE: I IZOAI:

The best Chemicals for the purpose for which it is in-
I FRUITS AND VEGETABLES.
tended. Not an ounce of "filler" or

"make weight" used."
Cot re"'p"'I.ellce! invited and stencils; furnished on application. Reliable agents wanted at
all principal_shipping points, -.-
Read our guaranteed analyses. Write for prices.
lE/
'- R1NN RIN(4tS; -:- tiJ-! --__. '-.---. ..-. \ ...--. ., .-" J...__-. _
.,>; \ .
'SIMON PURE NO. 1. We also 1111 inufacture a special f fertilizer( '
Fust, National li.ink of( Jacksonville, Fla. H.tn'.v; Commerce, Buffalo, N. V. Dun's and Urad- I young orange trees, tomatoes, onions grapes, 1\
street' Agencies. Manufactured by the etc. Formulas made from practical field tests. .

Simon Pure Fertilizer Works And Dealers: in \
,
Ny Everything for Florida. Established 1883.To 1C. O. I'AINTKK.: JOHN MCKINNKY. SUL. POTASH,

e t\' everyone Interested" in plants our E. 0. PAINTER & CO., Props, NITRATE SODA
a I NEW CATALOGUE: for 1895 ,

0 R i will be found invaluable 64 nag'es; illustrated, described and priced. Send OUAKANTKKl DeLand: ANALYSIS Fla. : DISS. BONE BLACK.
1// for it. free the recent cold hurt much of outside !stock,
It's our
able to fill orders Although for almost everything catalogued excepting Citrus. Moisture....... .. ......... .... .....5 to 8 per ct. -- AND ----
we are Ammonia ... ......... ... .. ....4t04'ijperct
o a.L etsfll A A Specially fine line of Economic and Ornamental Plants Potash (actual)....;. ...... ....... .12 to 13 per ct. All Kinds
o Phos. Acid (avail'e).... ................6 to 7 per ct. Agricultural Chemicals
RKASOXKR BUGS., Oiicco, Fla. ,fJiJMade exclusively from Sulphate of Ammo-
-- -- --- nia, Sulphate of Potash, and Dissolved Bone I E. O. PAINTER & CO.,
Black.FraudsRsFrvitWrappers.. Del.and,.J Kla.
SATSUMA! TRI LIATATt --- -- _____u___ _

(,. 1... xalxr s;new\.....ilO LlY lvt i8v4-'y3\ !. recouius", 17 years experience with the eary,lJroul and the vi 'orous Citrus trifoliata,winch, without protection stands the winters as far north 81 Washington,uninlured) .

a RA S Etwi EtM{ FI L gli S.CITRUS s;l I FRUITS! PoursTEA pressing POT _

,
iu variety, on both oran a and ter 300 figs NO MORE CHEATING.
,+ranea,apricots nllvl'S] ,mulberries pometrr.nnates: ,ahnonc'-i' ,perf.ns,Japan wnlnuts,Tapan chestnuts,kumquats ornamentak: the lid

.fi EACHEP H IJraS* PEARS. KAJ.11been I. Consumers of Fruit Wrappers may
\ n now know that they get an honest ream
varieties in extcnbive experimental orchards und urouni.s,maintain.a lor the purpose at
n leading feature of the business for thirteen years,and has amply repaid the outlay in the information afforded. Guided of 480 sheets and not 400 or 320 sheetsto
|>v results obtained In our own roberardens.we haves.Icctcd,and oiler,as especially well' adapted totheclimateofth' dealers
ream as some unscrupulous

B 0 VR TIE supply. te=a .
I handsome,oo-page, truit grower's annual and aorticuhuraUiaud-bouk,free 1 l-ull and 1 correct descriptions; 40 accurate, OUR "FAIR AND SQUARE"Printed L s t /
artistic illustrations j recent results with lea\\in;sorts| latest practice andbest methods culture management. Send to
I new edition (enlarrved and rewritten thron hni'M of the Catalogue of his
Wrappers are put up in packagesof
i .
GrStFM\ I
--- --
1000 each, and each Wrapper is
numbered, in printing, consecutivelyfrom Saves 25 perrCCt better,of tea Send makes for styles the and liquor prices.proportionately

1 to 1000. No one can THE ASBURY.PAINE MFG.CO.,Trenton, N.J.
""Ihiss good th ing-./
PEOPLE ARE LEARNING HONESTLY BEATour
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--
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In some parts of the country at least, that THKY MUST HAVE AN EARLY OKANGK or no prices. Send for samples and prices 1' SAW MILL i 1
Orange at all. They are also learning that BOONE'S l:ARL Y is not only the Karhest\ but Best toTHE FARMER'S works successfully; with 4 !
and nearest to a Seedless Orange of any now grown Budded Trees of this and other varietiesnow h' p" also Gri ""''ff Mills I
for sale. Sample oranges by mail for loc each, to pay postage. CATALOGUE FR {1{. JERSEY CITY PRINTING CO. and 1 Water Wheels.DeLoach. Ie..I
C. A. BOONE, Agent. ,
Semi-Tropical Nurseries, Orlando, Fla, JERSEY CITY, N. J. Mill Mfg Co.. ;
._ .
j
-------------- --- -- ---- ----
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------------ ---- ---' N. B.-We do not deal in unprintcj 323 Highland, Ave., Atlanta, Ga. )

SEED = POT TOES. wrappers. 't-.:. ,

_. ,
--- -
--- -
-- -- ---- -
-- zrrUi 1 ri Ei,5. OTSPRAYPUMPWi S5.5l
First J.nut.t'--ler peck,50 cents: bushel $2; barrel, $S' Io-barrellots, $4.50 } !
Early: Hmw null BtUnty ui"IIt'lIt..tn-peck. 50 cents; {>Iusllel $tbarrel, $4.50. FOR B KXPHKSS PAID, for
Uut'nl Now Yorker Nu. k unit Dakota Uecl-peck,60 cents; bushel, $1.7.\i' ; barrel, $:;.75. Will sprays n 1O acre (H'daunllWt.lay.<< 'i
I'otatnl's ly i\I: all }tetilt! palcl--'Any of these varieties 25 cents per pound postpaid or for $t SOUTHERN ORCHARDS.Write Endorsed! l.y) the\\t'aclltl KntouiolojjihtH: : of Ibe:l1. S.
we will std one j'JlIl1d' each Sunrise:; Puritan, Rural New Yorker NO.2, Dakota Red and First 60,000 In use bati\ftctitin! \ Diiuriniteal+ / : ur itiimn/! lefuntied. -
for Catalogue and price list. Illustrated
,
1. catalogue on Spraytnvr; fret.
I postpaid
Laurel,
Rapid sellers. Uur agents\ are miikina, fruit Vi u
I-I. G. II..S l LNGS <5is CO., SEEDSM-UN.: : JENNINGS' NURSERY CO., !9'JO! ( per dn)'. Mention this paper. Address(
Thoumaville, OH. L'% C. LEWIS MFU, t'O? lox 73, UUL1II, 1'i. Y, :
Catalogue; free ou application I In te r I ao hn, Florid

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.66 THE FLORIDA FARMER AND -

FRUITGROWER.HISIK

REHD ., ,


SEE WHAT YOU CAN BUY AT


BEAN'S' ORANGE GROWERS'' SUPPLY HOUSE "




"FERTILIZERS. ..
'
:;; The Cincinnati Desiccating Company's Pure Bone Fertilizer,
,which extracts the useless materials and moisture. Compounded according to formulas
of Potash and Pure Animal Matter,prepared by a desiccating process
Manufactured from High-Grade especially Sulphate adapted to the Florida trade. Analysis sworn to and guaranteed. Pure Ground Bone, Bone Meal,Cottonseed Meal and Agricultural Chemicals.

COMPLETE: SPRAYING MATERIALS. "
COCCIDICIDE I :A material ABSOLUTELY FATAL to the alleyrodes citri,or white fly,in all the stages of its development. Equally fatal to red spider,rust mites,their eggs" ,and to scale,with 1.
out reference to the hatching period. The largest! growers are using it with satisfaction. "
THE EUREKA INSECTICIDE: Widely used and favorably known.
SPRAYING MACHINERY. (

Knapsack,Sprayers, The Low Down Tank Pump,
Automatic Spray Pumps, Hydraulic Spray Pumps, Bucket Brass Spray Pumps
The Nos.3 and 4 Climax Pumps, Tank Machines, Steven's Water Motors, Portable Engines for Irrigating and Spraying Purposes,
Pumps for General Use,House Force Pumps,Light Pumps for Wells, Wind Mill Regulator Force Pumps, Drive Well Points. '1.
:. ", NOZZLESNixon: Nozzles, Myers Nozzles, Gem Nozzles, Cyclone Nozzles, Improved Verm orel Nozzle

": RUBBER GOODS.
.'.
and Wire-Wound Rubber Lined Cotton Hose, Hose Couplings.
-:j. J" Rubber Hose, Plain ,
.
? .". Achromatic Triplets. .
Hose Menders, Microscopes, ,

IMPLEMENTS. "
AGRICULTURAL
t : : *. \
r
Butcher. & Gibbs' Imperial Spring-Tooth Harrows, Imperial Spring-Tooth Cultivators, Imperial Heel U" Bar Lever Smoothing Harrows,
One and Two Horse Wood and Heel Beam, Chilled and Steel Mold Plows, Coulters,Wheels,etc.

M'rEiIAALI: S.r.
PACKING:
.. .
... '. \ ..'.
_ : .n.gor' Box: Sides Ve.ne r v- Cut Pine SldeS, ,
"". .;-.i-E. .r Dry Pine Heads Sawed Birch Hoops

Split Biroh Hoops, Freshly Cut Green Mixed Hoops

Manilla, and Colored Orange Wraps
Shelf Paper Box Nails eto.

Orange Sizers, Orange Polishers, Berry Cups and Crates, Cabbage Crates, Six-Basket Tomato |:

and Fruit Carriers, Pineapple Crates, Ladders.

g. :Bg JrN,
CORRESPONDENCE SOLICITED.

Tack on."ill.11o.. :::! OEMaiSTO
OFFICE .ANI: 'V.AREI OUSES ,
s., I7-. SS '\7'. I-IA.RF'.



THE ORANGE GROWERS OF FLORIDA! J


Having been practical orange growers for a number of years, also in the business of manufacturing Insecticides and using them our-

selves for the last ten years, we speak from experience when we make the following statement:
That SULPHUR SOLUTION INSECTICIDE is by far the cheapest and best preparation yet offered,to the orange grower.It ( .

JUtS never yet been Adulterated or Diluted in any form whatever in order to Lower the Price, as]

other Insecticides have been throughout the State,

the for which it was made. It can be sprayedo3|
But is always uniform in strength and can be depended on to accomplish purpose
of without injury to them or the persons using it. m
the trees, at any stage. growth,
As sulphur will not kill all insects affecting the orange tree, we have perfected another insecticide, known as Tar Emulsion, whicH
is very effective in destroying Aloyrodes Citri (commonly known as the White Fly), also the Red Spider (not the Spotted mite or' Yellow' l
Spider), and used in combination with Sulphur Solution it will give better results than any insecticide ever used.
We have tested it thoroughly the past two years ourselves, and know whereof we speak. "-
These insecticides have been used by some of the largest orange growers in the State and have given perfect satisfaction.

,. References and general directions for using furnished on application. (]
Write for
;M

;, PriceList.McMASTER & MILLER, c

San Mateo, Fla. }



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92 PER. FLORIDA FARMER FRUIT-GROWER. *YEAR





Grove ald Orchard. Among the unexpected results may 600,000 to 700000; boxes. But he Farm Manures and Frost.

i be mentioned the following : Mr. admitted that the trees were looking Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower:

___ __ __ McKibbin of Lake Putnam better
-- Crystal and fresher than he ever saw I have no doubt that widely differ-

FLORIDA WEATHER.SOME county, states that his lemon seedlingswere them, and that they have held the ent and contradictory theories will
killed while his budded lemon fruit that better than usual.
PRECEDENTS AND COMPARISONS. was set find abundant support in the inci-
trees on both sweet and sour stock Another observer stated that the
dents reported in to
The ostrich thrusts its head into the response your
sand, and then, no longer seeing the survived a temperature of 15.-Fla. fruit had set largely in clumps at the call for field observations in regard to j

danger, considers itself safe. Whileit Dispatch, April 19. top of the trees. the effect of the late freeze upon trees f

is not wise to fall into a panic and Mr. L. Jacobs, of Fruitland, had THE ACTUAL YIELD. fertilized and treated in different ,

make extravagant statements as to the same experience with Sicily seed- After all these doleful predictionsand ways. My own grove of 10 acres i

our late freeze, we do not believe in ling lemons and Sicily lemons buddedon faint-hearted estimates, what was would furnish incidents to prove al.

the policy of silence. A calm state. sour orange stocks. The .seedlingswere the actual crop ? Late in May, 1887, most any theory ever advanced on
killed the while of
ment of actual facts is the policy dic- to ground, the Florida Fruit Exchange, after can the subject, or prove it, at least, to

tated by a conservative business judge those budded on the sour stocks, fiftyin vassing all the,returns from the trans- the satisfaction of anyone in search of

ment. number, none were seriously in- portation companies, announced that incidents to support his pet theory.

THE FREEZE OF 1835. jured. the output had been 1,250,000 boxes. This grove is composed of a very irregular -

One of our subscribers, Mr. 'M. CROP PREDICTIONS.In The crop of the preceding year, ,collection of trees of all ages
all and all to ten from the bud, and ow-
counting that was shipped up years
Chesebro about five
twenty years ago the Fernandina Mirror of Feb-
that frozen the had been ing to the peculiar methods of the
trees
was on ,
had a conversation with two of the probably emanating from the
ruary 4 colored individual who
Brothers who in lived estimated by the same authority at manipulatesit
Hartley 1835, pen of Major Fairbanks, was an article
boxes. Thus instead of has been very irregularly fertilizedand
a
near Mandarin. Nathaniel Hartleyand giving a summary of results and the 900,000 ,
half two-thirds the after irregularly worked. From this
George Hartley lived near the outlook. In it occurs this : or a crop, year
passage '
the freeze showed boxes circumstance I expected to satisfy
old St. Joseph Convent, not far from There is a strong probability that the 350,000
than the before it. myself thoroughly in regard to some r
more
the site of Mandarin. They year
in
present bearing trees the hammock
groves of these but after three
questions,
had bearing trees forty or fifty years will bear a crop the present year ; and INSECTS. weeks' careful observation find l

old ; they were so badly injured that that it is probable the crop of 1886 The growers were much disap- self in about much my- ;
they cut them down at once and in will be one-half to two-thirds of last pointed as to the effects of the freezeon as uncertainty as

two years they had oranges again. year." the insects. The red spider in ever.Trees that worked after
not
Henry Hartley had a fine bearing some sections and the rust mite almost were
CROP ESTIMATES. to have stood the freeze
July seem
grove near the present site of Plum- universally were uncommonly thick
better than those worked
mer's P.O.; he thought his trees The Jacksonville Morning News and active. In announcing the considerably
sent out circulars to a large number of later, although others suffered no
would sprout from the body and he amount of the year's crop, the Fer-
leading growers, and in the issue of worse than the average in the grove
did not cut them down. As a conse- nandina Mirror of May, -, 1887,
:May 26th published several columnsof that were on a spot that was thoroughly -
quence they died root and branch. said : "The effects of the extreme
summarize be- worked and fertilized for
these
We straw-
There were no thermometers in replies. cold of January, 1885, were felt in the
those days, but it was the recollection low: inferior quality of the fruit-its small berries and vegetables in September,
Dade-Two-thirds of a or on another spot where the hogs i
of these pioneers that the cold of 1835 crop. size, rusty and discolored appearanceand
Brevard About one-third have rooted all winter for nuts
a crop. grass ,
was not so severe as that of, 1886 but immaturity.
I ; An insect is making ravages on the and in the time have turned the soil
,that the trees had started to and
grow FREEZES IN ITALY.
trees. The leaves covered with these about as thoroughly as it could be
the results were more disastrous. Mr. '
lice and 'Upon hearing of the freeze of 1886 done with and to of
I assume a drooping aspect require a spade, a depth
Uriah Bowden held the same opinion
General l Sanford who then in
attention. was from twelve to eighteen inches.
great
as to the degree of cold of the two i
: 1\lanatee-Only one report. Expectsa Europe, repaired at once to Italy to Several of the largest orange trees,

years. crop a little in excess of last year. learn what was the history of that coun- from four to six inches in diameter,
A writer in the Savannah News
Polk-A two-thirds crop. try in respect to freezes. He wrote are lost on account of being on grape
states that a Mrs. Hall had 72 trees in home that has been to
Hillsborough-You can set down Italy subject a fruit stock though budded near the
II a scattered form near Jacksonville, Hillsborough for at least a one-third number of freezes fully as destructiveas ground. The orange part of the tree
and these also killed root and
were that have occurred in Florida.
, branch. crop. any is all right, but the sap under the
Orange-The total crop will, no "The years 1789, 1794, 1811", 1820, bark of the grape fruit stock is ruined I

I, I THE FREEZE OF 1886. doubt, be smaller than last season. 1829, 1837, 1854, and two or three. and sour down to the ground and be-

.1 For the purposes of ready comparison The new plant louse has appearedhere. others which he could not give accurately low. On the other hand, quite a

we have put into tabular form all In some groves it has done were marked by destructivecold. lot of grape fruit trees on orange stockare
the thermometer readings we have In 1789 and 1820 the
some harm ; in others there is but a orange not badly damaged.
been able to collect covering both trace of it.SumterThe. trees were killed to the ground, and Three good sized satsuma trees in ,

years, though it must be borne in entire county will send the finest groves in the Riviera to-day, different parts of the grove suffered
mind that only those of Jacksonvilleare so General Sanford said are from
up about a half crop. fully as much as the surrounding trees,
official. Hernando-We will have a small budded stocks which were frozen to and in one instance even worse.

: Jacksonville..... ....... ...... .... .... 1886 15 1894 14 crop of oranges. the ground and are now grown up as ''f Trees loaded with fruit seemed to
Orlando... .... ........ .......... ... 20 18 full sweet seedlings.The suffer worse than those that bore onlya
Brooksville,................ .......... 18 17 Marion-Nearly a crop.

Palm Beach .... .... ..., .... .... ..... 32 30 Volusia-Estimates vary from a freezes of Italy are caused by few oranges.A .
Key west.. .... .... ...... .... ........ 43 44 the tramontana cold which
a wave barrel of Canada hard wood
Daytona....... .... .. .... ....... .... 19 15 onethird; to a two thirds crop. ,
Fort Meade.... ... ........ .... ........ 25 22 Levy-The entire crop is very light. comes down from the arctic regions of ashes has stood for about two years

SOME: OF ITS EFFECTS. Alachua-About Micanopy the crop Europe, as ours does from the arctic between two Mediteranean sweet trees,

Mr. M. I. Phillips of Duval county, i will be larger than was supposed a regions of this continent.IN probably four feet from each. A part 1

',a'*feW miles south of Jacksonville, had short time ago. CALIFORNIA. of the strength doubtless leaked out

", about'thirty trees which were planted Clay--From a quarter to a half Our enterprising competitor is no the first year, but as the barrel was

iinsib&j5-0))' : 'and were thirty years old, crop. more exempt than ourselves. Since good and strong the greater part remained -

-'which were all killed. Putnam--Only two reports and the orange crop of California has been for the last summer. These

, This was also the case, to a greateror these both predict less than a half large enough to cause accurate obser- two trees suffered considerably worse

less extent, in the groves of A. M. crop. The parasites are causing dire vations to be taken, they have had destructive than others of the same kind further

l : ,Reed;. Mrs. Harriet Beecher Stowe, forebodings from all the growers.St. cold spells as often as Florida away and treated in the same way ex-

1 JiMrs4 Mitchell and 'Mrs. Merrill, all Johns-Less than a third. I if not oftener. There was a freezea cept for the ashes.A .

" ion the east (protected) side of the St. "Many\ young trees had gone back to year ago three years ago; large number of the trees were

Johns river. the dead condition after putting the former destroyed t about fifty percent fertilized with a heavy application 0 frank I

:.4 Large bearing trees, in exposed sit- forth." of the crop. One winter, when horse manure late in August, and :

''uations or weak from neglect, were Duval-The yield can be said to be the writer was in that State, it was about three-fourths of them are deadto

killed to:the ground in several of the almost nothing. stated in the papers that grown men the ground, though some of the remainder ;'1

counties in the northern limits of the Baker and Bradford-The reportssay crossed ponds on the ice near Los An- went through with as little injury ,'

orange belt, and some even in the but little if any crop. geles. The California freezes are as any in the grove.

southern counties. Of course, tens Even in the issue of October 4, caused by cold air settling down from My experience, however, with l' :

of thousands of nursery trees were of the FLORIDA DISPATCH Col. D. H. the mountains, which are within sightof strong stable manure applied late in I

killed below the bud. Elliott estimated the crop at only the groves, into the valleys. the season has been very favorable


.
r.YEAR.

J



,' .'. ,,'.. .'. .,,.'. ;.t. ,...... "..-.. i... k it i H J ...".'- ',.,'11."'"''' "
68 THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. ":'


LOCKHART LITTLE, President. 'E. STILLMAN,'Sec. and Treas.
.
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LITTLE BROS FERTILIZER AND' PHo's GO M, b:Y



MAI UP'rURERS OIa .,


HIGH GRADE) FERTILIZERS.

;-,.. ,
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"
t,::'< "
': "
a;,. Especially Adapted to the Requirements of the Orange Tree. '
'I-. i c"
if"J :;;. ,I .... .
"
;\1\. : November and December are the proper months to apply fertilizers on the bearing groves to secure the best results. .:.'...: ;':,' .
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'
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'
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,I': ,,; LITTLE BROS. .LITTLE
; : : ; BROS.,17"Orange ,' o iJaf'

;' Orange Planters True Value Number One," Planters True Value Number Three,"

:..; Supplies all the needs of the bearing tree, Supplies all the needs of the young tree.

,
\ '
We solicit the inquiries of the, and prices furnished on application.heretofore '
.- .,
.
; and I yet believe that it to withstand the freeze, tops remaining grasses and weeds grow with greater four rails at the "butt cut." .
can be used to good advantage. It green in the branches, exceptin luxuriance.One would be some gum trees, some bays
generally results in a dense heavy very tender ones, for a few weeks. can see,,,at a glance the differ: and dogwoods and hollys) none..
growth of large thick leaves, and trees Then they began to become yellow, ence between this soil! ,and that of which would be twelve inches-in di
going into the winter thus suppliedwith and I found that all but had a '
one most Northern States. Here where ameter; while the pines, the one timber
foliage seem content to remain circle of dead bark just above the the solid manure of a cow is'dropped of any value, would be
dormant comparatively throughoutthe junction with the stock. The one no one ever sees any'increase in thegrowth and scattered.here and there; so; "' 1J 1
winter and until late in the spring, survivor is rather weak. An examin- ,of grass, weeds or anything.. lumberman'would 'not take the land J
while trees having but few leaves are ation a few days ago showed that In the North every pile of cow manureis a gift to get lumber off from. ,
ready to start a growth at. every warm nearly every stock was dead to the soon surrounded ,by taller and luxuriant grass.would. of course, entirely disappear. g
spell. ground.I grass or weeds, or both. Now, .' b I
Strictly ,speaking, an oran tree is I had noticed, a few days after the we are told that this excrement con: 'Squire B. tried raising 1:
never entirely dormant. The roots freeze, that, almost all the Satsumas, tains no'potash, but consists of phos- here,a number of years ago. It .0t
are constantly pumping sap from the budded on trifoliata, in my nursery, phoric acid and vegetable fiber, with.a been found a difficult job to'start '< t lc
warm earth into the upper tree-as were killed just above the bud, the little ammonia. I have'buried barrow of the kind, as well as a retail! liquorstore lb
,much, perhaps, into a tree denuded of top branches remaining green for some loads of the excrement of well-fed cows before here. Both, are liable-' :
its foliage as into one well supplied in, days, and the same was,, the case with i and neveryet,, saw'any:effect in months go up in smoke. In the, .' eib
this respect ; the difference is that the kumquats in nursery, about five hundred I after from the operation.Old case his neighbors ,found that
l latter tree, by'reason of its great leaf in all. I had intended to secure gray heads here, natives, too, poultry' disappeared more and IL'V!-
surface, is able to evaporate the sap some King oranges for setting out this say that there is an essential difference each year in the day time. At ''lastconvinced I, j ra
j and throw off the excessive moisture, winter, on this hardy stock, but there between pine'land and hammock; that: that;!' forbearance not: I : iI- to
while the former cannot, and the new seems-to' be a mistake as to its resisting no matter how long, a, piece of ham virtue in all cases, they went.in a"body j 'j'jto oc
growth so frequently noticed on such powers., The top seems to influence mock is.cleared and run down by crop; the Squire'.with' matches and tio
trees in winter and early spring is the the stock,,as regards their growthas ping and injured by exposure to a vertical pines and,told him that; rough ", r wai
very effort that nature is making to ,the lemon budded on sour orange sun, it is superior to any pine land. his had got\tol, be burnt ,out. ,Resistance
supply this defect. Hence it is that enlarges the stock, or makes it keep It can be depended on to grow a' good was useless andwas not i PJ1Mi1
trees stimulated into making a heavy : pace with the top.I crop with less fertilizer than any pine and that:embryo hammock.went,up '
leaf growth late in the season stand I I happen to have seven trifoliata land every time, unless there is a se- smoke. The firewas? kept outof } I 1'
the winter freezes and late spring trees, about five years old, budded on vere drouth. fences and the few surviving foxes ] to (
frosts better than others, notwith-. sweet stock. The stock in these trees One and a half miles from the present possums and coons left for other. breeding dec
standing the fact that the wood grown seems to have suffered less from cold writing is Waverly wharf..' Many grounds. sett
from nitrogeneous manures is not* than any trees of the same size near years ago, long before Jacksonville'was ceinei.
itself so hardy as that grown from by, so I believe that the budded part thought of a large sweet orange grove NO-FENCE.. LAW.A" ''f I '
manures containing a greater propor of the tree has more to do with 'pro- was here, when there were. few, if any, Some,, people .seem,.to think, 'tl1 T"
tion of the mineral elements. tection than is generally supposed to sweet trees in the State.. .The highly what is wanted-now is a' no-fence:'Javy.
CLIFTON PHILLIPS. be the case. J. F. CORRIGAN. educated, much traveled man who To 'me it'$ ?seems certain that
Ocala, Fla., Jan.. 24, '95. St. Leo, Pasco.Co., Fla. I. owned it, introduced:what old ,people laws i in different localities"' would
4 I here call the "Chany" orange, ,or best for all parts of ''the State., (
Trifoliata in the Freeze. About Potash and Other Things. rather the Mandarin or' Nobleman's A: strip of land from' one, to t .
Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower. Editor Farmer and,Fruit Grower,: orange, since'misnamed Tangerine.The miles wide on the east side of' ,
Has trifoliata been of any especial After a, residence here of nearly place and surrounding country i is river is all there, '''is, _or nearly''' all :
advantage as a stock, in the late twenty-five years' I am led to, the conclusion still called Mandarin. Now there isa worthy of. use either', for vegetable c
freeze, is a practical question. these that potash must be the missing piece of hammock soil there ,whose' fruit'' growing. The rest between
days.Will ingredient in most of the soils in this boundaries are as well defined as'they river and ocean :is only of value;:
not some of our brethren in vicinity, and from what I can read and were 100 or 150 :years ago. The soil seems to 'me, to,grow pine timber (
frujt growing, who have more extended hear it is pretty much ,the same on the is of a redder color than pine soil, andis as a,grazing: ground! for\ range t c w'Ve
knowledge enlighten us. However .Atlantic coast from Cap Cod to Key looser in texture. and perhaps sheep. A large sum 0
as a small contribution, I give the West. In my own experience, whileI BURNING'THE' 'ROUGHY money in the aggregate will be obtained ,
results here. have received no benefit' in many ,Some people think! it would '''b'a some' 'day when these th
In May, 1892, Mr. Hoyt budded cases from an application of phosphoricacid grand, good thing 'if the'wicked crack kinds of .bu'siness'are properly man .
about seventy kumquats for me on from muriate of potash, .nitrate ers would, stop burning the 'woods: aged. utthel;; :less t the' soil, except' J
trifoliata, which were set out in grove of potash, kairiit, 'and especially hammock Then, they say? we would see 'plentyof a: few favored spots is disturbed'by', I lJ
form in March 1893. Last month, ashes,, or the ashes, from water hammock l land after a; few'years; plow tb'e' better' for all'comerned.It ..'' :
after twenty-one months growth, they oak, hickory(; grape vines or. many II,, feel sure that,afterr being:sayed from costs bpt'little0} \ J'eep'a' well'behaved 1
had increased from the size of small other' hammock woods I, have, always), fires for,fifty years one could hot,find cow out of our, small'fieldsTi l! ) t'jt ,
lead pencil to be an inch in diameter, got an increase of crop planted l and four water oaks, much ''less'tour 1 hick- is quite another job 'to (fence againslarge 1 .,-;y y
and were very handsome. They seemed. always found that it made the wild L orys, on an acre large enough to make and small pigs; and every wel! .

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TUB FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. 69

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USE CHAPMAN & SUDLOW'S CELEBRATED FERTILIZERS,

For Orange Trees, : and Pineapples Every 'kind of Raw Material

ege0s. 3 \
A C A

For bearing orange trees. For bearing orange trees. For young orange trees Vegetable fertilizer. .
A mmo ..-.. 4: to 5 per cent. I Ammonia. ...... ....... (3 to 4 per cent. J Ammonia......... ...... 5 to 0 per. cent. Ammonia..(............. 5 to 6 per cent.
Avail phos.acid......... 8t010" I Avail phos. acid .. ... 6 to 8 :I Avail phos. acid........ 7t08.. Avail phos..ucfd........ 0 to 8" "
"Tnsol phos.: acid.2to a" nsol phos. acid...... 2 to a H" Tnsol phoss. acid.. ......2to3. Jnsolphos.ucld..2to 4 "
Potash K20 10 to 12" PotushKSO ............ 14, to 16 H" Potash K2O. ..... .... ::5 to 4: Potash K20.............. tHo 10: "
$38 per ton. $37 per ton. $34 per ton. $38 per ton.
'MATTLTP AO'1 ITR D IN SOU'I'H JAOKSONV.lT4LE. ALL ORDERS FOR '.rI REE .rONS A.ND OVgR DE-
.LIVERED FREE A/I ANY DEPOT OR TJBJAIVXJSOA.'J? LANDING IP* THE S".rA..rE.

"''t -- .
informed man is sure'that a law mak that have borne two good crops, trees The the bark of the scions can be madeto
ing one rail and three wires well fast- that are praised for their hardiness in Vineyard.Edited match with that of the stock,

ened on posts not over six feet apart standing the cold, killed below the by E. DUBOIS, Tallahassee as far down and perfectly as possible,
should be a lawful fence, and everything bud. I hare four acres of young trees --...- and the scions should be so nicely
,' that gets over it or under it "three'and four year old buds, all deadto Grafting The Vine. shaped with a sharp knife that they
should do so at the expense' of the the ground. The bark is split on We have received a letter from Gen' will perfectly fill the slot intended for
owner. many seven year old buds, on the Holmes Erwin, proprietor of Halidon them so snugly as to require no tying
The commissioner of agriculture for trunk and limbs. vineyards and orange groves at 'Sisco, unless it be by a soft tow or cotton
North Carolina, in a recent bulletin, Now, what is best to do, is the Florida, in which he says : string, and no grafting wax or clay;;
saidthat he believed no-fence law question'? If I saw off and re bud to The Vineyardist continues to for no air or dirt is to be excluded, as
had worked injury to his State. I feel! what shall I bud ? Shall it be oran- come, full of interesting matter, and in "cleft" grafting, and the top of the
sure it would do so here. 'J People; 'become anges or grape fruit? If oranges each issue is read with pleasure. Will stock protects itself with a resinous
too shiftless to keep cattle and what varieties ? Or shall I dig up and : you be kind enough to give us, in exudation, if the grafting is done in
never get" 'a taste of'good, rich cows' replace with pears and peaches ? your next issue, an article on graftingthe the early spring, about the. time that
milk!! or genuine butter. They'sometimes These are questions that each one vine, best time, cleft or other best the sap begins to flow.
get a little oleo and use a little must settle for himself, and it is timeto mode, beneath or above the surface ; By practicing this method a bud, or
cottolene, but all live poor, are many be thinking. Each person will card, cloth and wax, used for exclud : even two, can be left on the scion be
times :in want from neglecting of hear the views of his neighbor. But ing air, or earth, etc. We have been I low where it passes through and is
the,best' sources of pure food'to be obtained above all think for yourself. Some trying grafting the White Diamond'on connected with the stock, and when
in the farm home. Milk is the will advocate the theory that the the wild grape vine, which we find the earth is carefully replaced in the
best food ever devised by a merciful freeze.has been a benefit to those who here in the woods, but have not been excavation made in order to saw off
Father for young and growing animals, will persevere"in orange culture, owing I very successful." the stock, these buds may take root,
whether quadruped or biped, and the i to the harm done to young groves We can only give now a single one like a cutting, and materially aid the
girl or boy who:nevergets a plenty'ol 'causing some to abandon the industry. i of the approved methods of graftingthe certainty of living and growth of the
pure, wholesome cow's milk never can' Others will,claim that the freezes comeso vine, which is a more difficult art graft.
" be the' ,man or woman'they would be' often, ,that combining'' the cost of than that of fruit-tree grafting, and Though the best time for grafting is
) or ought to be. And-the greatest sat- fertilizing, fighting insects and drouths calls for careful work in order to insure generally considered to be in the early
isfaction an old man can have is to be 'that, it is better to give up the ''indus- 1 success-its principal object being spring, it may be done in the late'fall,
conscious of the fact that hischildren! tries. Ido, not exactly believe that to rapidly increase new and choice before' the: ground freezes;; but the
by'good food and: good training, are either.. Think, I repeat, for your- I. varieties by grafting on strong and scions must be covered with mulch
enabled to take a leading. part in the selves. Do not expect too much, healthy old vines, as when thus treated during the winter ; and in the Southit
battle of life.: whatever you do, and do not work they often make a great growth the can be done at any time in the
There are too many 'half-fed, half- without hope, whatever your case. first seasonand furnish a large amountof winter, if the ground is in good work-
raised young men and women comingto But whatever is, done, whicheverway wood to propagate from. Thereare ing condition for removing the.requisite -
their,majority now who' must earth from around the stock be
ever to
we turn, let us stop all useless also other considerations, such as
occupy a, secondary or obscure'posi leakage in our expenses. We 'must the short time in- which fruit .can be grafted.
tion in every community. What we stop the useless money spent in fertil- produced from untried varietiesthegraft The best time for taking scions
want is more and better leaders.M. ization. We must learn to take care generally bearing the second from the parent vine is in dry weather,
CHESEKRO. of our'groves without,chemicals costing season-and the facility with which near the close of autumn, when the
Plummers Fla. is dormant-their lower half to'be
$AZ.; per ton. We must learn how undesirable, or even comparatively sap
After the Freeze. to,dispose{ of the insects without buy- worthless varietiesmay be productiveof kept covered, in a cool cellar, with
Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower
; and all these and all kinds. sand until wanted for use, and then
In all my life "have not been able ing spraying pumps pre- any preferred
insecticides that adver- The modes methods of that end soaked in water 24 hours
i to discover any benefit that came, from 'pared we see or graftingare
tised. We think of the various both above and below the before setting.Vineyardist.
1 deception. We do:l not want any more ;must not expense ,
settlers in' Florida. who' come here de of irrigating plants, that is, we surface of the ground, and are known
ceived. We do not want ,any more must not think of being 'put' to the by the names of "cleft," "whip," or The White Fly.
neighbors who.''purchase. our- lands up. expense;of purchasing them.I 'splice," "marching," etc.; but the ARCHER, Jan. 22.-The cold has
on 'wrong representations made to l li believe there is a way to raise citrus most approved and successful method, been a blessing to orange growers, in
i them. We want tillers of the soil who fruits''with half 'the expense that on old or good sized vines, is the un- that it has killed the white fly (on the
know the truth. 'and, consequently, people have been to for the last ten derground, so-called, "Wagener sys- orange trees), which was such a pest. t tI
who:will act rationally in their work. years. We must study and think tem," which has been productive of think there is no mistake about it,
We do'not want any more settlers' who about these things. Without thought, the surest and best results in our grape but I fear it is going to be carried over
believe: that pineapples do not need we have been rushing along like a flock growing region. This method in- on the cape jasmine, which in many
shelter 'in Central Florida or'winter of sheep one after the other, without voles the use of the "Wagener graft places has not been affected by the
gardens'd'ho.prot.ection from frosts. stopping: 'to consider whether the leader ing'saw'' ," sold by Chas. Wagener, of cold. The people of Archer intend to
We do not want ,any more people '.or' those ahead were on the right Pulteney, Steuben county, N. Y., and chop down every tree in the neigh-
made to believe that we can raise ''road or not. Let us think about our forwarded to any address in the United :. borhood, and hope it may be done allover ,
three'crops, per year without'fertiliza- business 'more, and follow those who States for $2. the State. We are not quite certain I
,tion, or who have any other false idea. advertise to make ,money less, and I Mode of grafting consists in sawing that there are white fly eggs on j
Let us be honest: hope I may in future articles say some- a notch 'or slot for the scion (one or any other tree to be carried over until C L
We have thought here,at Fruitland 'thing to assist the thoughtful. more) in the stock, after it has been spring, as there are on the cape jas I
Park, that the,freezes were lighter onus FRANCIS M. BUCK. smoothly taken off, several inches below mine. If anybody finds any let them l
than other ..sections' of Central Fruitland 'Park, Fla,, the ground-instead of being split be destroyed also. It is worth a big i
Florida ; but I find we have (not yet We certainly hope our correspondent down through the centre, as in most effort just now to try and get rid of
been fully awakened to the damage will, as he intimates, keep up an other methods, when vines of any considerable this pest. \
done us this last freeze. active ,thinking, and, if he discoversa size are to be grafted. These Other papers please copy :
:Each day as I walk over my groveI way''to raise oranges profitably with- slots for the scions are cut diagonally, FRANCIS TRUOLOOD in Gainesville I,:
find the damage done, greater and out commercial fertilizers, insecticidesand from the top of the stock, outward Sun. I
greater. I ,find my Mandarin trees, spraying pumps, ,we hope 'he will and downward, running to the out ---- ----e--- -
.seven-year-old buds, killed to the not fail to communicate the knowledgeto side, an inch and a half or two inches Dr. Price's Cream Baking Powder
ground, I find" my Satsuma trees, our readers through these columns. from the top, and deep enough so that World's Pair Highest' Medal and Diploma.

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THE FLORIDA- FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. ":J.
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TO MAKE A CROP ORORANGES __--- .




THIS YEARYOU +.ot -




WILL NEED FERTILIZER MORE THAN EVER.We "., r

have a Large and Complete Stock of

t


>iH. J. BAKER & BRO.S COMPLETE MANURES Nr. f 1 t



Well Adapted to Start up New Growth and Mature a Crop.

.
Also all Fertilizer Materials, namely :Nitrate of Soda of Ammonia I
Sulphate Blood and Bone
Cottonseed Meal, Tobacco Stems, Ground Tobacco Stems !
Acid Phosphate, Dissolved Bone, Potash, and all Agricultural Chemicals and Insecticide Materials\'


,: We also Mix any Special Formula at Lowest Possible Cost. ,

*

Ask for a copy of our "Oranges. Tropical Fruits, Vegetables," also our book showing analysis of all fertilizer materials., Correspondence itiv'ited.F f

F "WE: : STAND BETWEEN THE GROWER
AND HIGH PRICES. "


ILSON & rooMER: ,
Ja.okso 'V'J.11e. Fiorici .'; '
.rHE FERTILIZER HOUSE OF FLORID'A.
-- ----

Farmer $ TruckerOutside this, which would be very high for Live Stock. end. The enterprise might assume
such a distance and you have the cost
fold its
twenty. present dimensions be-
Sources of Potash. "away out of sight." They guaran '"'"'- fore locations for the purpose will become
Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: tee only from 5 to 7 per cent of pot-
Dairying in Middle scarce. Introduction of ,
Florida. me-
1
Several articles have lately appeared ash and i4 to 2 per cent of phos-
We have received from Hon. L. B. chanical separators in cream-gathering 1 1
r in the FARMER AND FRUITGROWERin phoric acid, so you can see that it has
favor of potash, other than the gen- would be a mistake to use them when Wombwell, Commissioner of Agriculture given impetus to the tnd stry. 1

uine potash salts, for use on Florida other forms of potash are available at copies of the pamphlet recently An item of good profit- has attended 1s 1I I

soils, and some very good suggestions a much lower figure. issued with the approval of the county herd-owning in a demand from East, I r
West :
and South Florida
1 have been made. One by Mr. Jud That the New Jersey sand commissioners of Leon county. It is for milch

Pierce, of Spring Hill, Alabama, on and marls are rich in potash green is very a highly creditable publication, on cows in winter, to supply milk to ,the r" cc

the use of the ashes left from the true, and sometimes contain as high as dainty plate paper, illustrated with great crowds of 'winter visitors .frequenting .
those
i burning of the slabs, culls, etc., in the 7 per cent. They are most excellentfor dozens of original photographs exe- parts. Butter-makers ",
saw mill districts, is a very good one, gradually enriching the soil to cuted in the best style of the New York are herds enabled in that way to cull their 81
of
f and should be taken advantage of which they are applied, when those engravers. The matter is written with annually copious milkers who
little
produce butter.
where these ashes can be obtained soils are within a convenient distance, literary skill, and, apparently, with F

fresh, before the rains have leached and an investigation as to freights, etc., scientific accuracy. We quote the sec nize Practical dairymen readily recog- pIdi f

the potash salts out. It would be to Florida or any of the Gulf States, tion on advantages The attending shaded diT

well, however, as he suggests, to have would show, I think, that it was not DAIRYING. pastures.invariably dot magnificent the trees that ;

them analyzed by the chemist of the an economical fertilizer for the soils of There are in Leon county more Leon be counted pasture lands of to

State experiment station, so as to find those States. The reason it is only fit than fifty farms devoted in part or in the favorable may conditions not least of among COle

out what distance they could be hauled for gradually enriching soils and a whole to the production of butter for there. dairying

and used economically. I hardly failure as far as furnishing potash in market. Jersey cattle, registered, The projectors of this fir:
think the plan of kiln drying and sep- an available form is that nearly all the thoroughbred and of high grade, pre- publication h try
unhesitatingly recommend industrious
to
arating the charred stuff by screening potash is present in the form of an insoluble dominate in the herds.Approximately to

I a good one for two reasons, and I silicate and only slowly avail- three thousand head attested people everywhere, as a well- the:
project, dairy farming in Leon
think he will agree with me in one, if able to the plant. of such cows' and heifers constitutethe Florida. tee

not in both,of them when he considers L. G. PATTERSON. butter producing force of the county, bmrcor;
Lands
cattle
grass, water, shade,
them. Washington Pa.
---.-. .. county, estimated to be an increase in kindly climate, inexpensive n
The drying and screening, unless How can Blackjack Oaks be ten 'years of not less than four hun- nances healthful appurte- poi
condition of herd
the ashes had to be hauled to a great Killed. dred centum. ; r kill
r t Editor Farmer and 1'ruit-Grower: per and herders, with ready market, amid
distance would and the
hardly was
pay The invariable custom in the
" Blackjack oaks, the broad leaved management civilized and neighborly surroundings,
charred matter in the ashes when ,
,
of these herds is with qua
variety, are taking possession! of the open await those who may choose to come.
mixed with the soil
goes a great way, best clay lands of south-west Georgia pasturage throughout the year, supplemented This is a business whose income h ket
if enough is added, toward improving in winter and with 1J;
in places apparently threatening t ti spring begins with its establishment. No
the mechanical condition of the soil. dreathedt
r crowd out the long leaf pine. They daily rations of hay, stover, ensilage, waiting weary and expensive years for
Mr. Pierce who is Alabamian
judge an )
t ,
seem to be natuie's next crop in the fodder corn, bran, cottonseed, corn "trees to come into bearing;" "golden'
is probably well acquainted with rotation and to want the earth. Cutting meal, potatoes, turnips, millet, or pea fruit" drops off the dasher at the first Prop
soils of that State in ,
the far
r so as vines but in ease
instance the '
them down, rooting them out, every extra churning. One of the largest and most
j they have been investigated by the any month in the year, only end i in feed stuffs are the product of the farm profitable dairies in Leon county i fount
station and knows that with J
; experiment ,
, there being twenty where be- where fed. Estimate, based on as ex twelve consisted of
sprouts years ago two
the soils often rich in rit
prairie although
fore there was one small tree. Of haustive data as are attainable, placesthe cheap old cows, while the covered get
fertilizing ingredients, are in a very course these sprouts may be cut down average annual product in butter end of' a horse trough at the well was Inbut
bad mechanical condition and the brand
{I year after year and eventually the per cow at two hundred pounds. the dairy for the first year.
i application of anything that will pest will be subdued. But this is expensive Prices realized for this product are tl

} loosen them up, is, a great: help to in large areas wanted for from twenty-five to thirty cents per Growing Pork for Profit. forager.
i their fertility. So if the soil needs pasture pound. It is estimated that the dairiesof .
} and farming and pasture purposesand My experience is that it does not
r potash, and we use potash to supply will not pay. I have been told the county will market, during the pay to keep hogs through the winter. r. P

that potash, let the particles of potash that girdling would kill them, but it i t year 1894, 140 tons of butter, of a During cold weather such a large

f go in too. would also be very expensive considering : value of $75,600. amount of feed is required, merely to
l The of Canada hard wood ashesis '
use that they grow thick. Is there This is an 'encouraging showing for maintain' life and keep up the animal !
out of the question in the South, on a industry, and gives heat that all the '
any rapid way of poisoning the trees ? young great profits are knocked UEDest
account of their cost. These ashes I suppose this is,an old question but t promise for the future. Rapidly as II

: are sold at such a rate that, the potash it is an unsolved one here save with the dairy business has grown of late, off.To make the production of pork for

I I in them costs about 74 cents a pound, hoe and plow. not one-tenth of the territory in the meat profitable, March and April pigsare er. Add.

I against about five cents for the German ROSELAND PLANTATION. county best adapted to such purposes, the ones to be fattened. They

I potash salts. Add the freight to Balubridge, Ga.,Jan. 23 1895. has as yet been appropriated to that should be pushed and kept constantly
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TUB FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. 71
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growing from the very beginning. By Better Prospects For Wool. POPULAR POULTRY FARM

November they should weigh from ,
There has been little in the businessof
200 to 250 pounds. Hogs of this age wool growing in this country for
make of marketable size APOPKA FLORIDA.Opinion .
meat a more it .
the past decade to attract to Amer-
than wintered hogs. It costs less to
ican capital. Prices, for some reasonor of the Press.
produce, and as it takes only half the
reasons have been too low, and I
The Vice-President of the Florida Poultry As
from
time to fatten the risk of losing
either from prejudice or some other sociation and editor of the South Florida Home,
disease is lessened.A cause American wools and woolens makes the following comments on the exhibitat
,
South Florida Fair
:
is feed-
great mistake many make have not been in very active demand. The next in order comes the Popular Poultry
ing on corn almost exclusively ; thisis believe that of Farm, S. with
There is reason to one Apopka, S. DeLanoy, proprietor,
a fruitful cause of disease. Cornis the most serious drawbacks to the one trio each of Langshans, Indian Games,

heating and fattening, but, fed business has been the superior mannerin White Leghorns and Black Miuorcas-and four
alone it inferior and un- better trios were seldom seen. The Indian
produces an which wools have been
foreign
Games were the best we have ever seen, and
healthful class of pork. cleaned and the consequent better easily won the blue card, as did the White Leg-
For the first two or three months, work which could be done in manu- ; horns and Minorcas. The Langshans ought to
pigs should be fed but little corn ; they facturing them. It is thought by have had the first, but through an oversight o
should be given muscle and bone that _- the Judge it 'was given to A pair that were dis
those best
qualified to judge,
forming food rather than that for.increase be -_ qualified.The .
American wool need
no longer above, coming from a breeder of experience -
of fat. Turn in a clover patch, handicapped by this defect, thanks to __ is worth the attention of all who contemplate -
_ the of fowls .
and give as much milk as possible. purchase or eggs.
the inventive genius of Prof.E. Fahrig, _
Send for
stamp catalogue.
Milk is excellent for growing pigs.
a German chemist and W. T. Cutter,
E After three months, the quantity of state chemist of Connecticut have S. S. DeLANOY, PROP.
grain be gradually increased,
may ) invented a process which has now
Pumpkins and roots are of great valueto
been in operation about two years, THE
feed along with the grain. which does the work perfectly and at

I have had good success in fatten- a price so low that it must exert a very $lOO QO DANDY BONE CUTTER.
ing hogs partly on wheat, but I find beneficial influence on the trade. The

that if fed alone it does not producethe old alkaline took out the .
i iI iI I best pork; it lacks solidity. Some grease, but destroyed process it and left the g Sold for the low price of

I corn should be fed to give it firmness.In wool harsh, and its fiber some- TEN DOLLARS f. O. b. .
iI the fall of 1892 I fattened my .
I what damaged. The new process removes It is strong and well-made, and easy to operate. Has
hogs exclusively on corn. For every the oil from the wool and savesit \ automatic feed.

bushel fed they gained 10%; pounds. leaving the wool in the very best CIRCULARS FREE.

When killed the livers had spots and possible condition. When one remembers A. .1. ALIMUCTI, Agent for Florida,

blisters on them, and there were para- that between one-third and Box 403, Orlando, Florida!

sites arou'nd'the kidneys. This showed __ __ __ .
-----------
m -- -- ---
of the of
forty per cent weight unsecured I
that the hogs were not in a healthy wool is grease, it is easy to see of good-blooded sheep. They are gen- all now used to supply the demand

condition, consequently, the pork that this saving is a wonderful factorin erally healthy in the flatwoods, and i if created by this (to us) new industry.

could not be of the best quality. The reducing the price of the cleaning they are penned at night in a dog- -Tropical Sun."Hart's .
I meat was a blubber of fat, with only a The has will from their
process. grease a high commercial proof corral they escape Tardiff" on the Gillet placeare
small proportion of lean. value, far more than lard, tallow enemies and yield a considerable rev- hard, and firm as fruit ever is this

In 1893 I fattened entirely on wheat. or ordinary oils. The factory of enue on a very slight outlay. time of year. The trees show no signof
For every bushel fed they gained x312 is Lakes 4
the company at Pompton frost either in fruit or leaves and
The thrived well this Mr. D. A. Carroll of Riverside has ,
pounds. hogs on its full
and it is running at capacity. the fruit will be all right for shippingin
diet, and/kept in the best of health. The company intends building another been carrying on some experiments in March or April next.-Manatee

The qualty; of the pork was superiorto and larger one near New York duringthe the preservation of oranges that are Advocate.C. .

that of f those fed exclusively on coming season. A representativeof not without interest, and may proveof
.Ii corn, and there was a great deal more this journal called on Mr. A. Mac- some economic value. Three boxesof A. Colclough is putting out about

lean, but he meat was soft and lacked naughton treasurer of the New York paper rind St. Michaels were 50,000 cabbage plants. Van Taylor,
,
I firmness.) This year I' concluded to Wool Warehouse Company, recently.Mr. packed in dry sand and allowed to of Rocky Point, *' is also putting in
with remain for months. When taken about the same number. These are
try feeding wheat enough corn endorsedthe eight
Macnaughton earnesly
I I to givermness// and finish. Duringthe above statements relative to the out only thirteen oranges were found the only two who are planting cab-
that ''I I to be spoiled. The remainder were : bage to any extent.-Gainesville Sun.
ten/weeks kept seven-
my new process, and spoke very hopefullyof ..........._ r '_'_N_ """ "-- __,
teen hogs in the feed-pen I fed 125 the future of the trade. Said he: "I in good condition and of good flavor,

bushel/of wheat and thirty bushels of am of the opinion that in six months good color, juicy and tender. Are we NEW A& CATALOGUEAND

'corn. The hogs gained fourteen time we shall witness such a wonderful :. to infer from this that the orange is GUIDE to Poultry Salsera for 1895.
Contains 130 fine illustrations show-
pound}* to 'the bushel fed. When transformation in the wool manu- subject to similar treatment but in a ing a photo over of the largest hennery in the

killed the meat was marbled with lean, facturing business of this country thatit lesser degree with the lemon?- sure west.remedies Gives best and plans recipes for for poultry all diseases houses,,

was Arm and solid, and of the best will astound all who have not been Rural Californian.Two and also flower valuable garden information Bent for on only the 10 kitchen cents
John Eauscher, Jr.,P.0. Des 31 Freeport' Ill.
I quality, and brought the highest market close observers." This bodes well for weeks ago one of the promi-

i\ price. American wool. Our manufacturersshow nent growers of this vicinity told us FINE FOWLS
\ need be fear of the much killed almost .
There no a desire to use American wools so that his grove was entirely A llnely illustrated dencriptlve) Cat a-
dreaded cholera if hogs are given a it old l log of all leading'varieties of pure bred
all
far as is practicable, and there is a manifest of being bearing trees.A ruw Is.ContainsiOi>njres7xlOover40Ilno
I healthy, well.balanced diet and the tendency toward American made week later we saw him and he said edie-i illustrations for all,poul-LUff rem-l nut PRICES

I proper care. A frequent cause of dis- goods shown by the cutters. These facts, "it is on its deathbed, but daily grow-
\ | ease and death in hogs is lice. I have coupled with the improved wools ing better.' Yesterday he conceded HOWl'I""k...Iturr, lox! 2WaKota.lH.U.S.A.: -

I found that washing them thoroughlywith which are possible under the new pro- that perhaps a few trees were injured THE IMPROVED
1 kerosene is an effectual to butt he he would have
way cess, are encouraging. As has already thought a o.. VICTOR
get rid of them.Southern Planter.In been shown, prices of wool have not a fair crop of oranges next year.

Florida wheat is not available, declined as much as wheat and some His experience with his grove and == 'INCUBATOR

,but bran would be a partial substitute, other staples, mutton commands a fair impressions which seemed well founded .. --- Hatches Chickens by Steam.
and there are several kinds of green has doubtless been shared by hun- -Absolutely sell-rcKnlntlnar.
price and an increasing demand, and ,I'I" "- f" Tho simplest, most reliable ,
[forage which are almost equal to clo- with the decrease in numbers of sheep, dreds of others in Florida.EustisLake 0 tutsandcheapesttirst.cltssllatWher Ipgue In tho market Clrcularsfrve
I
I er. foreign competition is the only obsta- Region. cents, GEO.1sUTILL&;(20.. (iulucy, nL
I -* < cle. Wool has been on a free trade A visit to the "Gillet place" owned

. I Dr.> Price's Cream Baking Powder basis for practically over a year, so by the Lemon Company seems to be HATCH CHICKENS BY STEAMWITH

Most Perfect Made. that it is difficult to see how matterscan the "fad" on this side of the river on THE MODEL

) possibly be worse, and any change account of its exemption from the late EXCELSIOR_en m INCUBATOR., .
TIlOIIMIllHls III
SUCcutusfiil
1I 1 should be for the better.-American freeze; 160 boxes of oranges were : -,!., ',. ', Operation."
URE ESSEX PIGS. from here the '. SlUl'LK, 1'RI'EOTr1l1111
Agriculturist.There shipped Saturday on 1iI tiRLt'.NKQ ULA'flA'O.Junrnntefdtohatcha.
.. Ii'
I (
Sadie.Manatee Advocate.
k I Best for the South. Bred cm the Florida bor- are cases where a fruitgrowerhas ( -_. _; larver percentage, of
er. Address, 100 or 200 acres enclosed, or has The dairy at West Palm Beach has Lowest prloed II I than fertlleegg any other ath'/i"'co Incubator.!"' ,

;s ROSELAND PLANTATION, children who could herd, them, whereit had another carload of milch cows Hutolier.First clam made ..p bend 60.('ruUiiTd for:lllus.Oatalog.KrtMlUKO. .
ll.8TAIII 1 14to 122 9.1itb
y Ht..Qulney.ll1.
y Bainbridge, G*. would pay him to keep a small flock shipped? in, making thirty-two cows in


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,72 THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.'

... _._
----- --- ----o' .

while the one:who tremblingly..held .. .- Awarded 'r-
State News. Our Rural Home.
the and sometimes broom
lamp, a or Highest Honors--World's Fair, ,
t_ poker, laid up lessons bT'5 profit"'for -
Repeal the 1200 inhabitant law is a Edited by MINNIE GILMORE MILLS, the time to ,come.I DRq' :
cry that is echoed in every town in the St. Thomas. Fla. believe poultry keeping may be
State. If this cry is not heard and Talk On Every Day Topics. made remunerative in Florida ; but
heeded it will grow more fierce, and there should be some adaptability for
Where are the birds? We are usually the business if not indeed an inborn
the demand will be made greater. ,
Then will come a contest with the towns regaled all this month by the merry love for the feathered tribe., which ,we .

against country, and we ,may get a no- songsters, particularly the mocking- did not possess. .
birds but all is si ence not a ..
: now ; M. G. M. ''!m=v :3'r
fence law. The State has so much q' 'i
bird note strikes the ear. Have they [Continued Next Week.] t '-JrV" 'f, 1'\
wild land that such a law would be as .
hardship to the cattleman as emigrated to a warmer clime, knowing Perfumes as Preventives of Mould-
a
great '
intuitively that we were to have a I iness. 'BAIINfiPODIR
t the 1200 inhabitant law is now to his
brother who dwells in the town. Cat- change in the program of our Florida Mouldiness is occasioned by the
tlemen and townsmen should unite inN ,season (how I wish we could have growth of minute vegetation. Ink, .

wiping this miserable law off, the stat- borrowed some of this bird's wisdom), paste, leather and seed ,most,frequently -
ute books.-Coast Gazette or, are they hidden away, too fright- suffer by it. A clove will,preserve
ened to show their bills ? Well, "the ink; essential oil answers equallyas
Thomas T. has succeeded in ; any MOST PERFECT U\P.E.
Eyre butcher the baker and candlestick-
:
well. Leather may be"1: kept free ; -
raising and curing the citron of commerce maker" !show enough for all ; no cold from mold by the same, substances. A pure Grape Cream of Tartar Powder Free
1 a fact well known to most of them. But we don't like from Ammonia, Alum or any other adulterant
wave scares Thus, Russian leather, which ,is per-
citizens. Mr. Eyre's place is a YEARS THE STANDARD.The .
our their well. Yet theirs' are 40
songs so fumed with the tar of birch never ,be-
few miles from, Fort Myers, on the the "notes" that must be heeded all ?
; come mouldy indeed, i it prevents, it
; .
north side of the Caloo ahatchee. He
Agricultural College.
> must live. It is optional with the from occuring in other bodies. A
L is anxious for some good man to go in birdsthey; may sing or may be few drops of any ,essential oil will It was our great fortune a short ,
with him, for the truth of the matter is silent cared for while have Dr.. Clute's
; they are by a heavenly keep books entirely free from it. For ago to access to
Mr. Eyre has not the necessary capitalto provider, and we may, just here, harness, oil of turpentine is recom- very excellent and interesting reportto
properly develop the enterprise. It wisely remember that we are "of more mended. the Board of the condition and
is the only citron of commerce planta- value than many sparrows," and no Alum and resin areused to preserve needs of the station and college. *
tion in the United States. Mr. Eyre how the it will The of the
matter gloomy present bookbinders' paste, but, ineffectually ; opening college to young
invites the fullest inquiry and investi- speedily. pass, under the all seeing oil of turpentine succeeds better; but, women makes a dormitory for them a
gation. It is a great opportunity'foran eyes that never sleep. by small quanties of oil.of peppermint, great necessity. Enlarged grounds I
enterprising worker with capital.Ft. .- Speaking of birds; leads me to say anise, or cassia, paste, has ,been pre. for labor, exercise and experimentation t
Myers Press.Immediately that I endorse the remarks of the served ,for years., Dr. MacCulloch ; adequate and properly equipped .
after the freeze Dr. S. poultry editor concerning the econo- recomn ends,,/the addition to the flour halls for the practical departments or

Stringer, of Brooksville, determined on my of keeping hens. To use a trite and water ,of some, brown. sugar and; a, stenography, bookkeeping] and teleg-
ascertaining what effect the freeze, had expressionVhat I do not know" little corrosive sublimate ; .the sugar raphy ; bath 'rooms of ,sufficient capacity -
on the scale insect. He obtained a few about poultry keeping "would fill a keeping it flexible ,when, dry, and the for the use of the students; en- i.
good specimens of infected parts of book." And I do not ''pretend to sublimate preventing it from ferment- larged library {for meeting the demandsof
trees and, sent them on to Washington.He know, even after'some years' exper- ing and from being attacked by in students'in their investigations.All .
received a report this week to the ience. Jack knew it all-what was sects. A few drops of any essential,, these things are greatly needed,
effect that,.most of the scale insect was the use of any more knowledge upon oil may be added to the paste,, when it and without them the college must
o dead, but that''a part of the scale and the 'subject ? At least this was the is made. It dries when exposed to continue to be hampered in its work.

some eggs were still very much alive. supposition, when, once upon a time, the air, and may be used merely by Then, too, the students should havea
Those of' the scale which were alive couple came to Florida, and, con- wetting it. Seeds_ may also, be pre- gymnasium well equipped for gym- I
were all females, which will themselveslay sidering ways and means, concludedto served by the essential oils; and this is nastic and athletic exercises.I They
more eggs. He figures out that go into the poultry business for of,great consequence when they are have nothing of the kind yet. These
these will hatch out in April. There- pleasure and, profit ; that is, for our- sent toa,, distance. Of ,course mois- things are needed for developing the
fore, by. spraying just when the eggs selves and our own table. We purchased ture mustbe., excluded as much as physical powers of the students, so
are hatching and the scale is on the about seventy-five "pullets," possible, as the oils or ottos prevent that the college may send out strong
move, the last vestige it can be destroyed varying from a year old to-well, only the bad effects'of mould. and well-developed bodiesla |well as
'and the pest perhaps got rid impossible to tell how far back some well-trained minds. A strong bodyis
of forever.-Titusville Star. I II I of those motherly old hens could THE OIL LAMP.=:To give a brilliant a fine tabernacle for a we -developed -
Mr. A. Mead, tne Boston commis- recollect, but their days of usefulness white light'a lamp needs a thorough'' mind. We long to see the college -
sion man and owner of the large or- were over. (This showed the first cleaning every little while.' The oil in possession of all these|appliances -
ange grove just east of town, came essential part of the wisdom so neces- should 'be poured out 'of the fount, It seems that now is thf time
down Saturday tc see what damage sary to the business.) leaving no dregs on ,the bottom. The for our Legislature to come to thhelp\ ,
the frost had done to his groves. Really," said Jack, it's nice to fount'should .then. be washed in strong of the college. Aye, our philanthropic I
He found his Bailie grove on Mt. : keep: chickens ; and the best of it is, soap suds, rinsed .in warm water and men of means, could not do better f
Lebanon, Lemon avenue, in good they'll soon keep us.'" I believe, to dried. It should 'then be filled' with than contribute something to serve as i
shape and thinks little damage was this day, the man meant it. fresh oil.. The' "burner should: be;' boiledin the nucleus of endowment. For t\\emit
A done besides freezing the oranges. Between the ravages of "coons," soda and"t water- until the'network would be a magnificent investment. r
On his east end grove he had, planted possums, owls and skunks at night, that 'crosses it is i freed' from dirt and -Lake City Reporter.
out 3,000 young trees, these he with: an occasional wild cat, and the dust. If t the wick has' 'become; clogged .
feels satisfied are killed, but is hopefulof hawks by day, we sometimes founda with the ,sediment ,replace if ':with a
his larger and bearing trees. Mr. couple or so of eggs to fill" the new one. Oure for a Cold. i
II T. Wartmann came down from l larder The woods were all round us 'COLD FOOD.-Eat all cold food I When the ,unmistakable indications ,
Citra to attend to business. -He says then, be it remembered. These enemiesare slowly. Digestion will not begin until of a bad cold are first felt a glass of I'
the actual damage done the groves of not so plentiful now, in fact we the,temperature of' the food has been hot lemonade before going to bed will
that place cannot be estimated yet. seldom see them. raised by 'the, ,heat of the stomach to 'sometimes correct the mischief. The ,
Some groves are pushing out buds. Of nearly two hundred young chicks 98. Hence the more .heat that can feet may be soaked in hot water with
Deputy Sheriff B. F. Nugent madean hatched ,(I don't mean to insinuate be imparted,, it by slow mastication, a couple of tablespoonfuls of mustard
inspection of his Summerfield there were no, eggs before there were the better,, The precipitation of a stirred in it if,the cold is in the head.
chickens dozen reached cold food into the '!'But when ''this is done stockings '
grove Sunday, and is satisfied fully ) probably a l large quantity warmer
forty per cent of them are dead. Mr. comparative maturity; at least lived stomach by fast eating, may, and often than usual should be. worn the
. Ed. Henderson, manager of the large up to,;the frying point. We were de. does, .cause, discomfort and indigestion :next day. If the chest is sore, it maybe I
; Heather Island grove, on the Ockla- lighted. There was excitementin the, ;> and every occasion i of this,kind I rubbed'with with warm oil or'spirits]
;" waha river, feels satisfied that the pursuit of' the,midnight visitors of( the results in a miserable injury to the, digestive I of turpentine, and an extra layer of
trees will come out all right. Mr.\ A. chicken ,yard, as well as i in the pursuit functions. Ice water, drunk' ,flannel placed next the skin before
D. Moore, of Candler, talks quite ,of knowledge wherewith to be with, cold food, of'course increases ,the going out,-Elizabeth Robinson ScoviJ 1
o complacently of his grove, and says guided in so, perilous ari undertaking. mischief. Hot drinks hot water, in Good Housekeeping.
the This be where the "pleasure"came weak tea coffee etc. .
the bearing trees passed through may chocolates ? will, -*-
frigid ordeal in good 'shape.-Ocala in ; but if so 'twas all enjoyedby on the' contrary, nelp to prevent it. Dr. Price's Cream Baking Powder
Banner the one who used the shot gun, But eat slowly, World's Pair Highest,Award.p .


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THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. 73

.
I -
,

. I; .,A..MIDNIGHT, VISITOR. is a good plan to, place the pan on high Au Immense stock of
grate in the oven to brown tho top. Thisis
WE' HAVE HEALTHY POT-GROWN Guavas
not needed if turn:half,the omeletover l Eugenlas,
BV&T Mother Should Bo' Prepared to you Palms Gardenias Olea
Camphors Fragrans
,
itself before turniug,the whole .. .
Battle!:with Croup-The Best Remedy. upon
Magnolia Fuscata, and thousands of, other
(!, (: he Providence, R. 1., Telegram) from the pan upon a hot dish. Serve:, hot; desirable plantstreesand;; shrubs adapted to all parts of Florida. Write
1'loat.-Takl\ small box of
Banana
What word carries morc terror to a. for "
mother than croup, that insidious visitor gelatine and dissolve it in a teacup of our' prices. P. .T. KERCIOIANSNUIfcSJHltlES

who steald,upon her children, night when cold water for an hour. Boil three pints

l, ,; drug stores arc,closed and physicians:\ not sweet milk and 21.2 teacups of sugar to FRUI'.I'LiiND ?Augusta, ..Georgia.
within reach. Croup does its; (deadly work gether. Dip out a little of the boiling

,quick, :and if not met at the outset with milk and stir it into the gelatine, then

utringent,methods' is almost sure to prove a stir this into the rest of the milk and Orange Trees !
conqueror. Every mother should> keep a ,
boil 10 minutes. When ,cool, stir in six ,
remedy where she can reach} it at the first
bananas that have been broken to
has been said that pieces
bark. It
ominous truly ; :
a bottle of Perry Davis' Pain-Killer on the with a silver fork. :Mix thoroughly, and :
medicinei shelf insures greater safety from. set it on ice. The next clay, an hour before / : Lemon TreesI!

ouch ills than would a doctor in your hou c, serving, take a quart of"rich cream,

J Pain-Killer was the chief remedy of our sweeten to taste, flavor with vanilla, and
grandfathers and with all the advances ol'sci- whip it well. Put the frozen bananas ina

eneenothinghas been found to take its place. glass dish or boW!, with the,,whipped
For croup it is without an equal.\ An cream on too. The Old Reliable Buckeye Nurseries

instance of this was yesterday riled to a Fried Chicken. -Clean and wash it ,
reporter by Mrs J. 15.: (3. Hokiii:, of Xu.f _,, ,
well and with sharp knife cut it "
a
30;Marion Streef the wife ,of oiic of (he the, back. Dredge with flour, pepper openin I have on hand the finest lot of'stock 'i have ever'own of all the standard va-
wheelwrights of Providence Il. 1. '
sturdy rieties. I have fine lot of Tardiff and,Jaffa buds, from five
"Nobody knows the anxiety, the torture and salt. Put equal quantities of butter a specially m two-year
of mind I have experienced ht'l'Hnof! and lard in a hot frying pan. Then put to seven feet high.". I recognize\ fact that it's hard times, and propose to sell at

croup: Itotfrs of sleep I have )lost while in the chicken and keep it well covered hard time prices. I make a specialty of the King Orange.

watching at the bedside of my boy, who }luis until brown on both'sides. The secret ofa Write for prices.

uttered almost a; thousand deaths from nice fricassee is in having plenty of the M. E. GILLETT. Prop.,
in its worst form. I tried
croup evry lard or butter. Weirsdale. Fla.
I remedy that ''kind friends could !sugtrest. Cream Puffs.-Put one cup of water

:, All,failed me, and I was in despair. PainKiller and of of butter
one quarter a pound
the terrible ease. The December freeze demonstratedvery
finally conquered over the fire to boil. As soon "as it is
:My bois iiowseveii years old 1,and wheneverI clearly the wonderful of w. L. DOUGLAS
see" that' croup is returning I give Pain- boiling stir in one cup of flour, stirring powers
Killer. In twenty minutes the trouble is until it is boiling perfectly blended and endurance of orange trees. While it $3 SHOE is THE: BEST.CO12DOVAN.

over and we both go to sleep. cooked,and the paste leaves the sides of is true that a large number of trees ,.. t 'FIT FOR A KING.
'' T wouldn't, 'be with. the forming a ball. Stand to _',, $ 5'.f
"Pain-Killer? Why pan away were killed in some localities, a great :iij'" : ;
out Win my house a,: moment for a king's: cool. When cool, add five eggs unbeaten ;fff! !" FRENCH&ENAMELLED CALF.IW' .

I ransom. I feel as though cured my 20- one at a time, beating until each egg is portion of them escaped with'only the :;'\{. ;:,,,,,,,iliI vh:! :,;4$350. FINE C ALf.&,,!.,".. ARall.'I .
year old son of bronchitis after all other .' well mixed in the dough before adding loss of their leaves and are already ,! !!!!',\ ii :;//I" 3.SPPOUCE,3SOLES.,
remedies failed, and it saved me the probable ,for minutes forth fine growth. ':": 4 /'
the next. Beat vigorously two putting a new "'{ "' ;'" .,;:; 50$2.\WORKING"E'\
broken Iide1'CR118crl ', ; .
limb from \ 1' .
1081'1f' ,
u '
\ by the a kick of a ,vicious hm-e:' and let stand in :warm, place for 15 Many groves unfavorably located, ,,;",\, ,';'' '" $ i EXTRA FINE- .

Pain-Killer at once reduced the swelling minutes, stirring occasionally. Drop which were most damaged, will )\;r" $2.l7.5BOYS'SCHOOLSHOEiXADIES :
with.a tablespoon on buttered tins form- ;:i.." .
and prevented blood-poisoning. and the <" -
'doubtless be abandoned -" '
I ,
f ': H'
little cakes distance <
ing some apart. "survival of the fittest" will eventually ,: t;,;.f':. $3.$2 2.noNGO
I Bake in a quick oven 15 minutes. Watch BES1 .
RECIPES. _
and them ,for I result in to the industry. ,
French Soup Maigre.\ -Half a small : carefully try by picking up, good orange .., ," SEND FOR CATALOGUEBROCitTONM895 :

cabbage, one carrot, half a turnip, the i if done they will be perfectly light. -Florida Facts. '-,'"..,, ...;",,"'.'{'r'W'Lo'COUGLAS.. ."

flower of a small cauliflower, two leeks, When cold make an opening'on one side An examination of several of the T' Over o--'Miiuon; People wear the

a liead of celery, one onion, pepper 'and with Tomato a sharp Fricandeau.knife and-fill Get' some slicesof groves here that slope to the east and W. L. Douglas $3'& $4 Shoes

salt'quarter, of water of a four pound thin slices of butter of bread, two veal cutlets, '''pound and wash them, south and have had'timber protection All our shoes f are.: _equally satisfactory,,

quarts season them with pepper and salt, and on the northwest have not suffered very They give the best,value for the money.
and butter, and a tablespoonful of brown I' fry them slowly till they,,are done. They '' of the They equal custom shoes In style and fit.Thslr .
much in the
part'
except greater
sugar., Shred all the, vegetables very I wearing qualities are unsurpassed.
should be of a light brown on both sides. such The prices are uniform,---stamped on sole.
t them into with a of the fruit. In placesthe
finely a
; put saucepan many
Stew some tomatoes very dry, strain'them From $i to $3 saved over other makes.,
,quarter of a pound of butter, a little pep- through a sieve to get ''out all the seeds, lower limbs are green, and no perceptible ,Jf, your! dealer cannot upply you we can.
'
and salt and the and let them ,
per : sugar, is exhibited on the
damage
pour the pulp ,into the gravy after the ,
cook for fifteen or twenty minutes ; then meat has been taken out, and,thicken it fruit, but on some of the low lands METAL
add two ,quarts of cold water, and let
with a piece of butter rolled in flour. and those that slope and are exposedto
/!them boil gently for one hour with the Z II IiVJ
Pour this the meat and t hot. WHEELS
serve
over is
slices of the northwest the reported -
lid off. Butter three or four damage

,, bread, 'put' '!them in the oven to brown. of Chocolate butter, add Loaf two Cake'-Creani and a half one cups cup of to be much more severe.- for your \\ II IiWAGONS. /
Put these, slices of bread into the
soup Eustis Item.
sugar and beat to cream. Beat the yolksof A
tureen, and pour the soup on them. .
five light add,to butter and -- --- --- '
eggs sugar --- ----
Ducks and Onion Sauce. Shred a small
Any size want 20
with one of milk and three cups of yon
onion and two or three sage leaves, mix cup to 56 in:high. Tires 1
with 'two' tablespoonfuls of butter, salt flour. Beat until smooth, then add'the WhenYou Chills to 8 m.wide-hubs to { se
whites ,of the five eggs beaten to a stiff, fit any axle. Saves -3.
and Have two fat ducks
pepper. young Fever Coat many times in
froth and add two teaspoonfuls of
dry
dressed,'rub inside \with salt and a little a season to have set -_- 4 ;
of the onion dressing baking powder. Mix lightly and gentlyas Feel i Malaria of low wheels' to'fit -
cayenne, put some
quickly as possible and ,add two tea- yourwagonfoehauiing 1 =
f / in ,each duck, dust with flour, put in a spoonfuls of vanilla and one-half of a Shaky May have chosen! grain, fodder, manure, ,? r
dripping-pan with half a cupful of boiling you as a victim. bogs ko. No resetting of -
cake of chocolate melted. This seems to
/ and of fresh sweet Yon ache all tires. Catl'g free. Address -
water
i a tablespoonful may
l be difficult cake to make and
a by EMPIRE MFG. CO., T
lard Set in the baste fifteen very feel tired and down I ,
( : oven, every putting in the melted chocolate l last' it is over, run ,01 'Quincy' Ill., r
minutes until the ducks are done. Take may have Indigestion, Constipation J M
not only mixed throughout the cake better
up on a heated dish garnished with currant and Biliousness. Know that
but avoids the dark streaks.
heavy
,
' :and with onion sauce. Whitesmith'sTonic
N jelly, serve -
Bake in moderate
,white onions in a oven. -\SS ** been V
Boil half a dozen small a t has
little saltwater; :Melt a tablespoonful ofbutterfn Winter used in Weakness 1
V $1OO Reward $100.
,
: :add General
a saucepan, a tablespoonful ,
.
1,II of sifted flour, mix, pour in a half pint of The reader of this paper will be pleasedto Sm''th's' Debility Indigestion vw

i' white stock and let boil. Season with learn that there is at least one dreaded l D). 1'ChI'I -

j''' salt and pepper. 'Press the onions througha disease that science has been able to euro iousness, Constipation .. d

sieve, add to the'sauce, let boil up once in all its stages, and that is Catarrh. I 1 with ao.!
Hall's Catarrh Cure is the positive
j and take up; only great success

Om'el :-For a frying-pan eight''' inchesin euro known to the medical fraternity. for 30 years., p's

,diameter, ,not more than four eggs Catarrh being( a constitutional disease, C '
should be used. For an omlet of this requires a constitutional treatment Ual 's Tones J Cures -' ma0p

size; use four eggs, ono,teaspoonful of salt Catarrh Cure is taken internally, acti 1 g I, You up< Every type, 1
and '''t'wo tablespoonsful of cream, or inplace' directly on the blood and mucous surf ,ces form and variety -

of that,.,use milk. Boat the yolks of the system, thereby'' destroying 'tl) e of :Mala-

alone to a smooth batter, add the milk, foundation of the disease, and giving tl e ria, acts as a, splendid Tonic,

salt and pepper, and lastly the well- patient strength by building-up the constitution Tones the System and makes

beaten whites. Have tho frying-pan very and ,assisting nature in' doingits you cheerful and

hot.,. Put in tablespoonful of butter, i work. The proprietors, have so much well. Sold by all H <

: which should instantly hiss., Follow it faith in its curative powers that they The, Druggists. .- ,

quickly with' the well-beaten mixture, oiler One ,Hundred Dollars for any:caso GIANT IlKGGARWltelJ} -Improve your ,lands; i
III Medicine
a and do not stir this after it goes in. Cook that it fails to cure Send for list of testimonials. In beg-garweert. better' tlnn'ginho, improvement .
ARTHUR PETER&CO., permanent, and at comparatively uo :
over'hot fire, and as the egg sets, loosenit of Known Wholesale Agts, cost. Finest! forage plant in the South. For )
from:the pan without breaking, to pre Address, F. J. CHENEY & CO., ''Merat. price of seed and for price' on any:'variety'of ,
vent burning. It should cook in about Toledo, O. LOUISVILLE' KY.Tonic watermelon seed, write', to W. M. Girardeau,
'
toil'minutes., When the'middle is sot; it c:7S01d: by Druggists, '75o: ', l I lontlcl1o, Flag : ta-y9.4

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74a THE FLORIDA FARMER! AND FEUIT-OBOWEB. ,

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a TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION COMBINATION, Mistakes in Pioneer Horticulture. if delayed only for a few days, besides 'I j
i Por One Year .,.,........,......,.........,8>.oo for I,
necessitating heavy freight charge
/ For Six Months..................... .... i.oo As the Secretary of the State Hor- a
\ In Foreign Countries ............i.......... 3.00 A Rare Offer. ticultural Society, in his paper recent refrigerator cars. The fruits I have
r ; "Subscriptions in all cases cash in printed in these colums justly named are not so perishable, and could
' advance. No discount allowed on one's For $3.25 we will send THE FARM.ER ly very
\. remarks "horticulture on the Gulf be fifteen days on the way without se- .
in club but to
own subscription(except a ), AND FRUIT-GROWER and the Cos-
of all agents a liberal cash commission will coast, is in its extreme infancy, exceptin rious loss, and for that reason alone j
':j: he allowed on all subscriptions obtained mopolitan Magazine\ one year. the case of a few chance trees deserve more attention at the hands of. I 1i

".t, by them. Write for terms. For $2.75 we will send our paper around St. Augustine and some other California growers than they have received -
To new subscriber we will send, "
every and the Rural New Yorker one early settlements." Our so far.
year.
\ postpaid, a copy of Whitner's "Garden- orange growers I I
ing in Florida." For two new subscribers For $2.75 we will send our paper have planted too largely of mid- 4
' at $2.00 each, we will send, varieties of those requiring to
: season ,
Moore's and the Weekly New York World or Decay of Peach Culture in the
,!, postpaid, a copy of "Orange hang on the trees until January or
Culture." New York Tribune one year. before attain full North.
February they ripe-
of advertising application.
Rates on
check To a club of ten subscribers, at$1.25a ness. An excess of as earlyas
Remittances should be made by oranges The peach in the United States
postal note, money order or registered year each, we will send eleven copiesof the Boone, the Parson Brown and seems to be dying out in the North

letter to order AND of FRUIT GROWER. THE FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER, the Satsuma, of course, would glut where it was forced to grow in early
I F.LUlltl'J1R
., Jacksonville, Fla. the Cosmopolitan at $1.25, or eitherof the fall market when apples and days, and returning to the South
pears are plenty; but if they could be where it experiences a climate more'
the three weeklies at 60 cents each.
NOTICE in November and Decem-
gathered nearly like that of its original home
I' Thus $3.10 buys two standard week- ber and stored up a few months it in Persia. Hon. J. H. Hale of Con-'

If you receive a, copy of this lies and a grand magazine for one would reduce the chances of loss. necticut writes to the Hartford Cour-'

paper which you did not order, The orange tree cannot be acclimated i ant some interesting facts about
very
consider it an invitation to sub- year.To to a cold climate but we believe it.
the decay of the peach growing indus-.
If do not want it a club of five at $1.50 each, we
scribe. you possible to educate the American'people try in Delaware. Fruit culture has
kindly hand it to a neighbor. will send five copies of our paper, the to choose a seasoned orange whichis paid poorly for three or four years

v- Cosmopolitan at $1.25, or either of of the proper orange-red color and past that the planters are discouraged.,

CONTENTS. the three weeklies at 60 cents each. heavy in the hand, in preferenceto Two, leading nursery men informedme

GROVE AND ORCHARD-Florida Weather; one which, however fresh and that had not sold tree
they a peach
Farm Manures and ... 67 In this offer $3.35 buys two weekliesand
Trifoliita in the Freeze ; About Potash and plump the peel may seem, is light and in Delaware for three past.
Other Things................... ......... 63 a great magazine.The puffy in the hand from the effects of years
After the Fi eeze; The WhIte Fly..... .... 6q What with yellows killing off the
THE VINEYARD-Grafting the Vine.. ... ....... 69 clubs need not be confined to frost.It. trees and spring frosts, the peach bus-

FARMER Potash AND; How TRUCKER Can Blackjacks-Outside Be Sources Killed.ot 70 one postoffice or to ont! date. We. appears that our California brethren iness in Delaware is fast dying out,

LIVE STOCK-Dairying in Middle Florida ; will month in which toI I in their equally brief experience, while it is little in at least
increasing a
Growing Pork for Profit.. .............. 70 give you a
Better Prospect for WooL.. ................ 71 make up a club. But the number have also committed mistakes. We two counties of Maryland.
OUR RURAL HOME-Talks On Every Day
Topics; Perfumes as Prevertives of mentioned in each must be secured quote a few passages from a paper Strawberries, which had grown to

Mould for a Cold; The...Agricultural.... ...College. .......;. Cure..... 72EDITORIAL and the before read by that high authority, Professor be unprofitable here;have for two years
sent we can give
Husmann before the American
money George -
Combination That' ,
;Vegetatables past paid handsomely, and there is a
Will Mistakes in Pioneer Horti-
Keep;
the reduced rates. Pomological Society
:
culture Decay of reach Culture in the you great increase of planting. Lovett, : J
North.; ... ..... .... .................. ..., 74 It is needless to praise the publications "California is pre-eminently the Haverland and Bubach
Markets; California Produce ........ 75 are mostly ,
home of the We have blightto
A Fallacy of Climate ; The Supreme Court .above named. They are simplythe pear. no planted, while this coming season there
and Crusts i eon County Soil ; The Same cut off trees and
uld Crv. .;.... ...." .'....... ............ 76 foremost of the world in their respective our prematurely, will he great plantings of Dayton,Lady
Pot"'shin Oranges... .................. 77 trees in old orchards planted thirty. or and Greenville.
......... Thompson Aspara-
Shipping California Fruit in Bulk. 78 classes.Vegetables. have reached
forty a heightof
years ago
e .gus is another increasing crop, most
Weather. in Jacksonville. 4 forty feet, with a diameter of two
every farmer now having from _two to
qj. That Will Keep. to three feet, bearing fine crops every
E e ';;j =..: ten acres. Kieffer pears and summer
DATE as d. m" ..Q. sI 111 v cd.-F 0 a, The orange grower, in seeking to year. Yet, so far, only one variety is apples are also being planted out in

--00 -o -, -5 recoup his losses, will use his best planted generally, the Bartlett, until place of the old peach orchards. Win- "

Jan. 22........ sq 53 62 53 09 58 0.09 judgment as to what crops to plant for its fruit, fine as it is, has become a ter apples, like Baldwin.and Greeningat
Jan. 23' ........42 53 60 41 19 50 000 drug in the markets here and in the
an.24.........4a 5'; 60 42 18 51 T. market. For his own use he should home, ripen up and rot here by Oc-
Jan. 25.........61 68 74 53 21 64 0.01Jan' which will best East. When fine Bartletts sold in
those keep tober and they have no really good
.. ,
26.... .. .64 51 72 59 13 66 0.53 grow Francisco ''
i Jan. 27 .....43 50 54 42 U 48 0.00 through the rainy season when vege- San thirty to 'thirty-five winter apples. Japan plums have been
28...... .... 26 62 for five and sold from the
Jao. .59 73 75 49 0.25 The hard shelled cents, were ,
- tables are scarce. largely planted, but bloom so early as
Mean ...... 53 59 65 48 17 57 .088 Hubbard squash, the yellow pumpkin, trees, the purchaser picking them, at to be often injured by spring frosts. \
Total rainfall. T Trace. Irish onions if $4 per ton, it '''would seem we have
E. R. DBMAIN. Observer. rutabagas, potatoes, Crimson clover is the great fad here \
millionsof
without the
Bartletts
properly grown and hardvested, will enough now, and on every farm can be seen t;
It will be wise for farmers to take trees coming into bear- '
young yet
well in It
keep surprisingly most cases. all the way from ten to fifty acres.
extra precautions to keep in good con- The writer has seen a neighbor, a ing. And yet, the Beurre d' Anjou, makes a grand winter pasture and'ear-
dition the remnant of sweet potatoes Beiirre Clairgeau, Louise Bonne, and is used for
thorough gardener, repeatedly keep ly spring hay, largely
until others can be raised. They will Winter Nelis, Glout Morceau Beurre
and while
squashes, potatoes, rutabagas soil enrichment, many farmers
soon begin to sprout and deteriorate onions on dry, cool shelves under his Hardy, Easter Beurre and a host' of make a business of saving the, seed.It .

unless stored away. They are by this house until Thanksgiving or later in others do equally as well. must not be cut till fully ripe, and

time done with their "sweat," and if I excellent condition. When potatoesare "Yet we see very few pears in our then shells so freely that it must be cut

they are placed in perfectly dry sandor dug the sun should not be allowedto winter markets, when Glout Morceau when the dew is on, and so, in the

fine-cut pine straw, no potato touch- shine on them twenty minutes-not will easily keep until January and season, mowers and reapers work all

ing another, headed up tight and 'laid ten minutes-else they are liable to be Easter Beurre until April. We have night to save the seed, of which they

away in a cool, dry place, they will spoiled for keeping. They should be varieties enough to keep the market obtain four to eight bushels per acre,

keep good until a new crop can be: dried in the shade, and inside of supplied from July to April, yet we selling at wholesale here at $3.50 to

grown. ( twenty-four hours be placed in perfect see nothing but Vicar of Wiijkfield $4.00 per bushel, while the straw and

The present desolation should not darkness and kept there. So with all and Pound in the latter part of the roots help to leave the land much bet-

discourage us' from planning for the the others, as much as possible. These season. Surely no compliment to the ter than before. There is no doubt .

great show at Atlanta. By the time it vegetables should be grown on com- taste of the consumer when such pearsas that the enormous acreage of this clover -

will be ready Florida can raise 'two mercial fertilizers or old, thoroughlyrotted Glout Morceau: as large as Bart- all over Delaware for a few years

crops, yes three of them, even if she manure.: If cottonseed or fresh letts and as attractive in appearance, past is adding wonderfully to the soil

'has to begin from the ground. If the. manure is used they are liable to rot. while better in quality if well ripened, enrichment.

Legislature will only take hold and The writer raised last summer over still hang on the trees in December. -_..-

,help a little, Florida will go up to At- thirty pumpkins of first-class qualityon The general
lanta with her crops on her shoulder, a single volunteer vine which came tendency of our fruit growers has beento Since the freeze real estate is chang '

,and she will stack them up to the up in an abandoned poultry yard. run into specialties, plant them in ing hands faster than ever before.

I roof, in pyramids, in arches, in monu- These will keep a year. Hubbard unlimited quantities and then glut the Many of those who lost heavily are

ments-worlds of green stuff, grains squashes will keep nearly as long. A market at certain times,leaving it comparatively discouraged, and are offering their

and fruits grown in-.our long and riche succession of cabbages can be kept up bare at other periods. Our property at a very low price, which is

r. The growing and harvesting nearly through the rainy season ,by apricots, peaches and plums, as wellas being eagerly accepted by'shrewd investors

year of Florida is thirteen months persevering application of tobacco dustas our Bartletts, are all fruits which decay who expect to profit by the

ong an insecticide. rapidly and will prove a total loss downfall\\ Cf? others.-Marion Times.






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THB FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. 75 ",'.',1flarkets. :
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1 Ii i best red command 2.60 and yellow l'I cAN TREES. : I
; with under
2.25 per barrel, grades ;

:. I ranging onions down have, according arrived to more quality.freely and Havana RIBERA PECAN GROVE AND PECAN NURSERY Ii

JACKSONVILLE, FLA. Feb.. 1. have met a good demand at from 2.00 to ,

FRUITS AND PRODUCE. 2.25 per crate. Cabbage is irregular in
i Corrected by Marx Bros. quality and value; choice Long Island is SANTA ROSA COUNTY, FLORIDA.One .
f These are average quotations. Extra choice held up to 5.00 but 4.00 is about top price "
II lots fetch prices above top quotations, while poor for best State and choice foreign com-
lots sell lower. old trees from nuts 6 to 28 inches
year ,
pecan paper-shell average high, at 3 cents per
Oranges, frosted, box...... ....... ... IS to ..50f mands, 6.00 for white and 10.00 for red tree; $25 per thousand, carefully packed and shipped as directed, transit charges to be paid by
Grapefruit....... ......................3.50t04.oo with poor stock ranging' very low. Celeryis purchaser on receipt. Money order on Bagdad Postoffice
II Lemons Messina......................... 3.25 in moderate and steady for
Pineapples, crate,. ..... .............. 4.00 supply
Limes,3-peck crates ... .............. i.oo prime but poor drags. Cauliflower has ARTHUR BROWN,
Cocoanuts... .... .. .. .... ..... 3.50 continued nominal in absence of impor-
Peanuts best brand...... ............. .04 to.05 tantreceipts. Squash, turnips,carrots and P. O. Box No, 4, Bagdad. Florida,
Imported cabbage,each............. .10
apples, bbl............... .. 5.00 other winter vegetables in moderate demand -
beets bbl.... .. .... ...... .. 2.50 as quoted. Choice 'Havana and DAVIDSON & CO.,
Potatoes, bbl. Burbanks... .. .......... 2.25 I Bermuda vegetables wanted and keep
.. sack .. ....... ........... .... 2.00
Early Rose, N. Y.seed...... 2.50 sold up about as fast as received at full COMMISSION MERCHANTS.
Hebron seed........ ........ .. 2.50 prices quoted. Key West tomatoes are
Peerless.. ...... .... .......... 2.50 firm but no other Florida vegetables
Chili Red ......... .......... 2.50 HEADQUARTERS FOR FLORIDA FRUITS.
Onions, bbl. ... ....... .. .... .,...... 2.50 arriving except a little lettuce which has
Eggs; .......:..__................. ......... .20 been readily placed at 3.00 to 4.00 when ORANGES, LEMONS, PINEAPPLES, EARLYiVEGETABLES; OF ALL KINDSNo.

VEGETABLES AND POULTRY.Corrected fancy, some poor down to 1.50 to 2.00 per 20 West Front Street Cincinnati, Ohio.
i basket. Tomatoes, Key West, crate, 2.00
Davis & Robinson.
by to 4.00 Havana, crate 2.50 to 3.00.
Yellow Yams, bush. ........ .......... 40 to .50 ; ESTABLISHED 186Q.
Sweet Potatoes ... ..... ...... ..... ... .35 to .40 Oranges.
Hubbard squash, bbl... ........ ...... 2.00 166' READEST
Lettuce, doz,.. .. ....... .............. .25 to .40 Sgobel & Day say : Last week about PALMER & FROST ,
Celery Kalamazoo................ .. .40 to .50 43,000 boxes of oranges came here from NEW YORK.
EggPlants} bbl............. .......... 3.00
Tomatoes, crates ..... ..............2.50103 oo Florida, but we doubt if over 15,000 (Successors to G. S. PALMER, and PALMER, RIVKNBURO & Co.)
Sweet Pepper.bu. none...... ........... 2.00 boxes have come this week, and each
Okra, bu, none.... .................. week will show a dwindling until shortlythe
Green Beans crate.. .... ......... .... 2.00102.50 PRODUCE COMMISSION MERCHANTS.
Peas. ................ ........ 2.00 to 2.50 fruit will virtually be out of the
Turnips, bunch....................... .03 to .08 market, possibly excepting some fruit
Cucumbers, crate.................... 1.50 to 3.00 which, for special reasons, stood up well Southern Fruits and a
Pumpkins, each...................... 05 to .15 from of Vegetables I
.. ..... ... through the freeze, or some parts
Kershaws, each. ...... .Io to .15 .
; \ Parsley,per.doz. bunches ....... .... .30 to .50 the State that was not affected, still we Specialty. ,
I Carrots,Fla., per doz.bunches........ 25 to .35 believe that after February 15th, Florida
Remember Thus I
we never buy a package. any shipments you entrust to our care, never come
onions bunches....... .
Green per doz. 20 to .30 with other
will not compete competition with bought goods. Account sales made day of sale.
oranges any !
Pepper. ,hot bushel, none........... 1.50 to 2.00 .
Sage, well cured, Ib..................... .to to. 15 oranges for the rest of this campaign.Our REVERENCES : See our quotations by wire i in th i. I I
Lima Beans, shelled, qt, none ....... own sales through the week have Chatham Nat. Bank N. Y. Mercantile Agencies. Write for Stencils. I
Hens........ -_...,_......__eo..... .35 about boxes and I
Roosters..........'.........*.......... .25 to .30 footed up only 3,300 Members of National League of Commission Merchants to which no Irresponsible house can belong.PXTTJJI3U .
Broilers................................ .18 to .25 hardly any of it has been free from frost.A : :
Gr --PF3NNSYLVAhPIA.Somers
; :
Turkeys, per pound,gross... ......... .II few lines of nice fruit sold $2.50 to 3.40, !!! :
Ducks.............:.. ...... ... ....... 30 to 35 but the bulk of it has sold from 50c
Geese.....-.... ........eo............... .40 to .50 I great ESTABLISHED' I
Quail, doz.... ... .. .......... .o'.. .. T..20I to $1 per box. The freight has been restored Brother: & Co.
1 Wild ducks, doz ....................... ... i.oo to 2.00 to former rates and will average55c 1876.
i I\ Wild turkeys each.............?...... i.oo to 1.50 'box from the interior of ,Floridato
Cauliflower doz...... ......."_.' .... I 50 to 2.50 per Commission Fruits and Prod
this city, which will generally discourage MI eroh ants. UCS.

Palmer & Frost's Quotations. shipments.
There were undoubtedly two million Refer to Banks :Mercantile Agencies and the business community of Western Pennsylvania.
NEW YORK, January. Oranges, boxes lost, and this will leave an enorm- Market Reports, special references to regular shippers shipping stencils, stamps, etc., furnished -
choice unfrozen and sound 3 to free application. INQUIRIES: ANn CORRESPONDENCE INVITED.
bright
ous gap to be filled with oranges from
4.50 ;, russets, unfrozen and sound, 2 to other parts of the world. California hasa J

3.50. Tangerines, 2 to 4.50. Mandarins, crop of about two million boxes, and Roseland] Plantation, Bainbridge, Ga.,
2 to 3. Grape fruit, per box, 3 to 5. in all probability little difficulty will be finds the FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT
I Tomatoes, carriers 3 to 4.50 ; small boxes experienced in marketing the same I GROWER the best medium for advertisingEssex

i 75c to 1.25; bushel crates, 2.50 to 3. Cucumbers throughout the West. Sicily has a full pigs.Bradley .

It 5 to 6. Beans, fancy, 5 to 7. crop, but growers are asking very high -, .
Lettuce; per bushel, 4 to 5. Egg-plant, prices and no excess of shipments has

I, per barrel, 6 to 12. Palmer & Frost. been noted, still we look for heavy ship Redfield. Eugene B. Rcdflcld.

ments before long and full receipts after
New York Vegetable Markets. March 1st. The crop in Spain (Valencia) ESTABLISHED 1871.

l>>otatoe is a full one, and a fair quantity will undoubtedly REDFIELD SON,

The imports for the week have been come from that point. Still I

4,200 bags from Great Britain; 200 do we shall need probably all that will come '
from the Continent. and 13 barrels from to fill the gap left by the loss of two mil- Commission Merchants

Havana. lion boxes in Florida.

; The receipts of domestic potatoes have Tangerines stand up better than or-
-
; been larger this week, and trade has not anges and sell mostly.$1.50 to 2 per half AND

I responded sufficiently to keep up with box. Grape fruit has suffered seriouslyand i

the increased offerings giving the market heavy quantities have been sold here ; Fruit Auctioneers

, an easy tone, though prices have been this week at from 10 to 30 cents per box, ,

I pretty well sustained owing to the strong although prime, heavy grape fruit is in
;i position of the markets at primary points. strong demand, as shown by our :sale! on 141 Dock Street, Philadelphia, Pa. E

i Foreign have arrived a little more freely, Thursday, at $6.75 per box.
though receipts have been moderate, but, FOREIGN ORANGES. We handle all kinds of Fruits and Vegetable.,
I either at private sale (which has heretofore been
with demand less active, prices have Oranges are in fair demand, Sicily our custom) or by the auction system (recently
I weakened about 10 cents per bag. Prime ranging at 2.12J to 2,87k per box; Valencia II'J added to our business) as you may desire.
Scotch and English selling at 2.00, with
II / 40s, 4.50 to 4.87k ; Jamaica repacked,
some ordinary lower, and only a few fancy -
I barrels, 6.00; Abaco original 4.00 to 4.75;
I marks higher. Bermuda. and Havana Havana original 3.50 to 425. Lemons

I are held steadily when choice, but supply show easy market with prices steady ; Produce Sold
and demand light. Sweet potatoes in to choice 360s
fancy 360s bring up 3.62J!; .
moderate supply and held steadily, but 1.87 800s 2.121 to 2.87i I Quick and paid for quick,Is the way our ship
1.50 to }; fancy ; ,
outside pens! of Fruits! and Vegetables like Its; and
trade slow, and quotations ex choice 300s 1.50 to 1.87k.California: I 'our 40 years' experience without defaulting. I II
treme. I dollar Is guaranty both of ability and stabil
( ity. Any bank Ilr merchant using mercantile
Bermuda, prime, 7.00 to 7.50; No. 2, Produce. i I >reports can tell our standing. (
3.00 to 4.00; Jersey prime, 1.50 to 1.62; As we never buy we never have goods 0:(
for the best that '
our own prices leaving o
Sweets Vineland, fair to fancy, 1.50 to The Earl Fruit Company says: We I growers for second place. We want more ,
2.50; other So-J'y double heads, 1.50/ to have put out another carload of our '.consignments\ for increasing trado. AFTER
cauliflower during the last !. INQUIRING AH TO OUR STANDING
Snowflake
2.00. TRY US. A TRIAL WILL COST YOU'NOTHING
three days, and it is winning its way suc- AND YOU MAY LIKE oui. I

Vegetables. cessfully. We have also made consider- I METHODS\ Letters answered BEST. promptly. Stencils nnlt
4: ,
Imports for the week. Havana 1,894 able headway) with sales of our Sunflower 'cards frt'u. Send your nnmo for our littlI -
I of California I book about marketing Fruit and Vegetables
crates onions and 310 crates other vege and Yosemite packings

tables. Copenhagen, 1,384 crates cabbage oranges, despite the apparent high price. I French & Co.
; Rotterdam, 64 barrels cabbage. From a small advance invoice received ,

Onions are moderate supply and held from Chicago we have every reason to 4 116 Warren St., New York.
firmly when choice. White have had anticipate both superior quality and'genenll $

sales up to 8.00 to U.90) for fancy, and II' excellence of this product. ,




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76 THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUITGROWER.A .

,.

Fallacy of Climate.If The Supreme Court on Trusts. tency, many, indigenous permanent

orange growing has ,passed out of The United States Supreme Court pasture grasses; and clovers taking ,a

the experimental stage in Florida, it has decided that a trust operating firm:roothold and making deep,strong, :

must be confessed that a great many wholly within a State .does not'infringe{ tough 'sod,. ''while, under' the plow the

cultivators have failed to learn the the statutes prohibiting 'the obstruc- earth is:friable,' r pulverizes' thoroughlyand

lessons that the experiments ought to tion of inter State or international scours the share. Of the three .

have taught With startling rapidity commerce. The court' propounds the prime elements: of plant food, official: 1. a

destruction to this winter's crop has truism that manufacture is not com analysis by the State's chemist dis ,,,. f C1N
that article and closes,. in an unfertilized ( A
swept across the northern counties of merce; making an 'average"sample'of -

Florida, and brought forcibly home to affixing a price upon it is not selling. surface soil, the'presence of one / ,

many the fact that the great freeze' of While this may be technically true, it measure of potash,, two and a half of

1887 is liable to be repeated any year. is none the less true that the man who phosphoric acid,,and three of nitre to --

In fact the frequency of these injurious places the price on an article and is each one thousand measures of soil. Shortest, Quickest, Most Attractive

waves in northern Florida is in- able to enforce that price is a more Soda, lime and magnesia are pres-

creasing. Old settlers here tell me potent and important personage than ent in slightly less proportions, with R.O: U"TEBETWEEN

that thirty or forty years ago they the man who merely asks that price carbonic acid at a rate of about one
never knew what frost meant. Even and receives it. and three-quarters parts in a thousand. FLORIDA POINTS AND THE NORTHTHE

around the northern part of the State But, after all, has not any man or Coupled with these chemical 'condi- ,

ice was rarely if ever seen. any combination a right to place a tions, there are incidental ones, such Florida Central and PeninsularNEW

If these witnesses are trustworthy, price upon any 'article manufacturedby prolonged period of growth, equab'ilit'y THROUGH ROUTES. ,
them from the soil? of temperature regularity and
one is forced to the conclusion that or produced New York to Jacksonvilleby
the winters are more severe in What else is the ,Florida Fruit Exchange copiousness of rainfall, all of which ew Florida" Pennsylvania 11. K. to Wash-

the South than formerly. This is but a combination of growers b'ecomeipotenffactors" : in the problemof Northern and 1 in Columbia ton. Southern', Florida Hallway Central.to&;

very true, and the cause is easily as- formed for the purpose of securing the plant propagation and nutrition.- Air Line. J,Peninsular points in Florida.to all principal

certained. Ever since the orange lowest transportation rates and the From;, the, County Pamphlet. Cincinnati to Jacksonville by
boom began in Florida the pine woods highest prices for fruits? If this com- ---- .-. Cincinnati Queen & Crescent to Chatta-
The ,Same Old, and nooga. Southern ll'y to Ever-
have been destroyed by settlers and bination could force the price of Cry. Florida}ette, Florida Central & Penin-
speculators. Thousands of acres of oranges up to $5 a box and keep it It is a ,pity that certain merchants Limited. points.sular to all important Florida

pine lands are annually destroyed in there-which is impossiblewouldthey feeling the'effects of keen 'competitionshould Kansas Kansas City,' Fort' Scott &;
Florida by hopeful Northerners who not have right to do so? resort, to petty schemes for the and City Memphis H.It.to Kansas ,
.to Birmingham, Southern R'
some day expect to plant orange A corporation securing a concessionfrom purpose of injuring trade among their JacksonvilleThro' Line to Everette, Fla. Central &y

groves. For a few dollars they can hire the State does not possess the fellow-merchants or competitors. J Peninsular to'all Fla. points.
Louis to ,Jacksonville
Southern laborers to ring every tree legal right to charge at will for its mer- Prominent among these schemes is 1st. Short Line to Du Quoin by,

on a ten or torty acre tractand, in the chandise or services. But we do not that of abusing the public ,mind against Holly Koute.SI'gs Central City, Memphis to Holly&Sp'gs; BirI -,

} courseof, a,few years the trees will die see how to evade,,or deny the propo- Florida oranges. What a ,great deal J I mingham to Bit mingham,Sou.
of is J ll'y to Everettoand F. C. &.P.
and fall down.Thousands sition that any maker or producer not nonsense spread abroad about the
and thousands of acres asking privileges from the State'' hasa alleged danger to be apprehended from sonville"Sioux City 111.& Chicago Cent. to to Holly Jack

in to establish, ? frozen. 'oranges. Some have even Holly I" t S..gs!Sp'gs, K., C.M.&B. to Birmingham -
t of land are lying waste this way, right own:price goneso .on e. Sou. ll'y to Ever-
denuded of the fine woods of pine that But is it expedient to ask exorbitant, far'as to call them poisonous! etto and the F. C. & P.

originally flourished there. This whole- prices for anything ? Would' not; a, If such were really the case, whatan New Orleans 1 Junction.Louis'ille& Nash'ille F. C.. & to P.River only

sale denudation of the Florida pinewoods price of $5 a box practically destroy enormous increase would have been To }} route with Through sleepersJncksu'ville

ti is certainly changing the climate the orange industry ? Men can" exist noticeable in' the death rate in all consuming J Jacksonville.The between New. Orleans and"

t 'of the peninsula, and making the without sugar, and very extortionate markets during the past few F. C. & P- ''has 700 miles' of1, track in

orange trees stand out alone without prices would ruin the business. weeks. Florida Tobacco running Regions through, the

any protection, exposed to every blast Thus it is that the matter of trustsis Such reports not only injure the sale Stock farming and Dairy Section,
of the better or unfrozen Florida leach and Strawberry Lands,
that'sweeps down from the North. measurably self-regulating. We do or- Orange, Banana and ,Pineapple Country,
Formerly these cold waves were lost not want government to regulate the anges, ,but have a tendency to limit Phosphate Belt. ,
'Has the Silver Spring and :
in'the: pine woods'of Southern Georgiaand price of bread, 'as it does in Europe the. demand for oranges of all 'kinds. Other fine Scenery.The .- '
We find'that buyers in the local'market Great,Hunting Country.
in the'northern counties of' Flor- sometimes, for the same governmentwill Reaches the,Noted fishing Grounds.Has .
ida, and by the time they reached Mid- grant subsidies to the theaters in pass their critical eye over the fruit, the best lands for tillage, greatest vari-
and even if the is sound ety of soils in the State, and above all
dle Florida they were harmless. order to amuse the people and mask same perfectly ,
and free from frost it them 'Runs over the Central Rldgreland
Thirty years ago oranges could be its "paternal" tyranny. \ causes to Where It Is High and Healthy.
raised successfully around Jacksonville --...-- become'suspicious. This(allows for a Prosperous towns fill its route and it offers
the best freight facilities for any produce to
but today it is risky business to Leon County vSoil. chance to offer lower prices than ,the the Northern markets. Send for;the.popular
to do it. fruit is,worth and that'the market de- song-
attempt .
A radical difference exists betweenthe mands. "MY FLORIDA HOME."
j The above is from a Florida letter
with its spirited words and beautiful muslo
in the'American Cultivator, and may nature, of the soil in the greater We say again, stop the "Same Old descriptive of an actual Florida Home, and
of Leon and that which Is gotten up in elegant style-Six
part county of- most Cry. -Fruit Trade Journal. pagesof
be'taken as a fair representative of the full sized best music paper, containing alsoa
numerous fallacies which spring in other parts of Florida. In place of a ---.. .. picture of a home in Florida and a hunting
up flatness scene. It mailed I- ,on ,receipt of,10 cents (In
print every time there is an unusually sandy so commonly associatedwith Nearly all of'the Avocado stamps, to pay expense of distribution.)," '&
ideas of the State, over an area of pears, Send also for the best map of Florida (sen.
I cold spell. Probably it is hardly Sugar and Jamaica apples and man- free.) and note the towns on its route. ,
worth the time and the ink to combat about two\ hundred square miles, an I, A. O. MAODONELL,G.P.A ,
cut to the ground. All of
alluvium of red and chocolate-colored goes are ,Jacksonville,? Fla.
4 this delusion that the country is grow- the citrus family,,are entirely uninjured.
ing colder on account of the destruction clayey loams of terraced, piled in hills arambling and dales-a outspread These facts evolve this inevitable conclusion The Fla Cent. & Peninsular r,R. R.

f of the forests, for, like hope, it springs that there but -
are two Offers
drift of and counties I to Shippers
finely-ground commingled I
eternal in the human breast. But the
in Florida that
can consistently
secondary limestone measures,(fetched The Shortest and Quickest RoataBETWEEN
simple fact that bearing trees '
orange claim to'
hither'from the northwestward, in com-, lay being even subtropicalDade -
were killed to the ground near Jacksonville '
-
time and' Monroe. There is unoccupied FLORIDA :AND ALL;POINTS IN
paratively recent geological by
at Mandarin and St. Augustine some prodigious cataclysm, and laid land .in this county! to dupli- THE EAST AND WEST.
in 1835, before a sawmill had cate lemon and Ventilated Gars, this
With
down immediately on the undisturbedface every orange, pineapple Improved company -
probably been set up in the State, between Fort Pierce and is better equipped than i ever ever to
of the Pleiocene. It is of great grove handle the Orange and Vegetable Crops, and
ou ht to put a lasting quietus on this of ,St. Augustine.: N. 'B.:-The Abbakka insure close connections and prompt despatch
error. The idea that forests a hundred uniformity texture throughout an ... t to all Eastern and Western Markets.
is the'coming pineapple.;
feet exercise average depth of forty-five feet. ,Fer- Tropical Through oars to destination with-
high can appreciable -
any tile on top, fertile in the middle, and Sun. out change or delay.
effect on the movement of air- Perishable freight followed _by wire and
currents ten thousand feet high is too equally so at the very ,bottom, it, likean Trees and shrubs are again putting shippers advised time passing various Junction -
oilstone is all the forth buds and will points and arrival at destination.All .
good be
throughand covered
,
way soon
absurd /for a moment's consideration.The : claims for overcharges and loss prompt
I writers who does not wear out. Sand greatly with green, leaves. Rose, bushes are adjusted ', ,
superficial
propagate predominates over other properties.In g wing 'rnew wood already in' some See that your goods are markedvia
these views do not really seem to comprehend F. C. & P. R. R,
what a "cold wave" means. the first foot of topsoil about instances, and the mulberry, etc., will For Information call .on or address the undersigned -
twenty-nine-nine times as much sand quickly follow' suit. Even the :
orange
O. B. TAYLOR, Trav. A'gt Ocala, Fla.
a exists as clay. It is,entirely free from branches, at first supposed to be killed W. B.'TUOKEU, Gen. A'g4, Orlando, Fla.
IRRITATION OF TIlE THROAT AND stones or boulders nor does it ,clod. and Q. M. HOLDEN, Trav. A'gt, Leesburg Fla.
or are
budding most
daily
encouraging F\a.\
y HOAUSENEHS are immediately relieved by W. It. FULLER Trav. A'g, Tampa,
"Brown's Bronchial Troches. Have them sunbake. There is in the surface soil reports are brought by grove Or N. S. PENNINGTON. Traffic Manager,

d always ready. sufficient clay to give decided consis- owners.-Halifax Journal. Wi "ft, PLEASANTS, General Jacksonville_ Freight,Fla.Aart;

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I THE. FLORIDA FARMER FRUlT-QROWfcfc.: 'i7I
I
-

Potash in Oranges. I J Florida oranges and typical Florida < iHt; : II 1 ( v:
soils and will draw few of the
a conclusions -
We have been with floods
deluged
of long jointed, loose woven, slack have the for facts this seem to,warrant.I FIRST NATIONAL BANK OF FLORIDA

twisted information on this subject ",. purpose requestedthe ,
editor in connection
writes the president of*the horticultu1ral..s to publish, :rACI SONVI LE.
I
with this article the
analyses
;'. ciety, in a recent', number of the made by Professor J. orange J. Earle, of the The Oldest National Bank in the ':State.
But deductions he
Agriculturist. any Florida Experiment Station,.to show This Bank after twenty years of successful business has just undergone a rigid special examination
may draw as to the, consumption ol( by the United States Comptroller's Department,and has had its charter extended for an
the comparative composition of other period of twenty years ,
this element, taken from analysis of and a table of typical Florida By conservative, yet liberal methods this bank has achieved the highest reputation for solidity
in other States or coun oranges, strength and ability to meet all legitimate demands.We .
oranges grown soils,: including! the, soils ,of ,G.: VW. invite a visit or correspondence, looking toward business relations, assuring you that your !
tries, or of fruit grown under conditions favors shall at all times receive intelligent and careful attention.
Butler St.. made Professor
; ,Petersburg g, ,by. -
with which we are unacquaintedmust Robinson while State chemist JAMES M. SCHUMACHER, R. C. COOLEY
,
nccessarily be of little practical President. Cashier.
to, ,show the comparative" scarcity of
"
value in this State. And while ridi--
Safe Boxes For Rent.
potash in,.all our- <;>i1s., ,!As to the California Deposit
discrediting the ability or ,
culing or
analysis -
orangeswhose :
.
credibility of the various parties to the average JOHN L. MARVIN,
.called.for pounds of potash
discussions be permissible 40.14. President.H. .
may practice '10:60: pounds phosphoric\ acid and T. BAYA, THOS. W. CONRAD,
in politics it will not replace the Cashier. Assistant Cashier. f
34.60. pounds of' nitrogen;,to .
in j ,20,000?
necessity of scientific facts reachinga CflPITflli: $100,000. i
of ,;I .
pounds oranges, can only say '
comprehensive, judgment and con- that nitrogen or ammonia has been
clusion.In THE MERCHANTS' NATIONAL BANK
considered the most, desirable, and
this assault the ,
fact current
on profitable element to apply, and that
practice of orange growers, reminds sheep manure in some sections has JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA,

one of Bob Ingersoll's attacks on re- been the favorite fertilizer. It makes Respectfully solicits you Deposits, Collections and Genera

ligion, and, of anarchists on social or a protective peel." In Florida it is Banking 2usiness.CORRESPONDENCE .

der. Many of the public are now well known that heavy applications of -

waiting to hear what system Mr. Ad organic, nitrogen produce thick INVITED.

ams proposes in place of it. Surelyhe skinned, coarse tissued fruit, and' if DIRECTORS.

is not in the same boat with the no potash is used so that"the tree has John L. Marvin, A. B. Campbell. Chas. Marvin, .
nitrate of soda crank." If he uses to:.take its nitrogen mainly as decom- H. T. Baya, T. W. Roby, Judge R. B. Archibald,

no commercial potash, does he expectto position products, especially in soils Judge E. M. Randall. C. B. Rogers, W. M. Davidson,

get enough potash in the foot thick poor,in. potash, I would expect to find Or' H. Robinson John E. HnrtrldP"9' ,'
bed of oak runners and other mulchhe in
very small per centages of potash
has formerly been reported as applying the.'fruit., SAVINGS AND TRUST BANK

to his grove? And does he The almost universal experience-of

still .apply singly,,nitrogen at one time continued one-sided organic nitrogen OF E' ,ORIDA,

when he thinks his trees need nitrogen, fertilization, however, diseased. and JACKSONVILLE.

phosphates at another when he thinks insect infested trees with diminishing CAPITAL, $50,000.

i they,need phosphoric acid, and potash quantities ol or almost unsalable fruit.,
at:still another time when ,he thinks In the tables of orange analysis, the H. ROBINSON, President. "'N..1. nAlUtlSUUlMUll, VN't-PreB.
TVM IIA.AVI/INSON, Cashier,
they. need potash? Jaffa, navels, Maltese blood, Imperial

Personally would not expect the Malta and double Imperial were furnished . DIRECTORS : 'L
most benefit from sulphate of potash by Rev. Lyman Phelps, of
H. ROBINSON, J. IIILDHBRANDr.PHILIP P. E. McMURRAY
applied together with the nitrogen as Sanford. The Indian river and found- W. J. HARKISHEIMER, VVALTFR R. H. LIGGr.l :
nitrate of soda .on the slow growing ling Indian river, by ,,Hon. H. S. Wil- J, A. HENDERSON, C. C. ROBERTSON W B. OW\r:

orange tree and much less if they liams, of Rockledge, and the Colum' Collections made on all points of Florida, and Remitted for on day of Pay-

were applied separately at long inter- bia ,county, sour and bitter sweet. ment., Active and Savings Accounts Solicited. Interest Paid on "

vals. Nitrate of potash is formed should:not have been included in the

chemically, commercially, by .mixing average, as they have seriously altered Savings.EXCHANGE.
equal solutions of nitrate of soda and the> per. centages, and the Columbia FLORIDA

muriate of.potash at high temperatures, county ,orange :was a thick ,peeled, .
.
and 'if nitrate of-potash ,is wanted as nitrogenous specimen. ,
orange tree food from nitrate of soda, ,. ;[Although","t there is an analyses.of soil An Incorporated Home best advantage.-AUTHORIZED Association of Orange Growers CAPITAL for marketing$300 000.Florida Fruit to the

! muriate of potash applied with the furnished by Hon. H. S. Williams, BOX MATERIAL-The Exchange is fully prepared< to supply boxes and paper on
, list and terms.
Write for
order. price
nitrate of soda would be chemically yet being unacquainted,with, is systemof -: OFFICERS :- ,
indicated, the base transposition tobe fertilizing and cultivating, I am unable GEO. R. FAIRBANKS President. D. GREENLEAF, Vice-Presldcnt.
: ALBERT M. IVES Gen'l! Mgr. and Treas. M. P. TURNER, Secretary. ,
'accomplished by the bacterial activity to comment intelligently on the (DIRECTORS-Geo. II. Fairbanks, Alachua; E. G. Hill, Bradford Co.: Dr. E.iE.. Pratt
of the soil. Then come the analysis of his oranges, and before llllSQOrO Co.; John Fabyan, Lake Co.: HyCrutcher Orange Co.; D. Greenleaf, Duval Co.;
J. D. Mead Duval Co.; A. Brady Brevard Co.; F. d. Sampson, Marion Co. ; 0. V. Hlllyer,
questions of chlorine and soda. going further'with the table will say Marion Co.; John M. Bryan, Osceola Co.; W. E. Stanton, Putnam Co.; M. S. Moreman St.
: simi- Johns Co.; C. F. A. Bielby, Volusia Co.; Irving' Keck, Polk Co.
limit the of
the
There is also a to use that only specimen showing Address'ali' correspondence the Florida Fruit Exchange, Jacksonville Fla Stencils,
nitrate of soda alone, for if the nitrogen lar per,centages of nitrogen: ,phosphoric: with full packing and snipping instructions furnished on application.
is abstracted from its base, carbonate acid and potash with the California

of soda is indicated as the oranges 'is :the thick skinned, sour, ..
CLARK SON & CO.
JOHN
natural result, and one-tenth of ,one orange. : : ,
per cent of this alkali in the soil is 'The analyses left therefore on whcihI

corrosive and destructive to vegeta- can ,speak with knowledge are the Grocers and Commission Merchants

I l I tion. five round orange specimens of Mr. ,

We see a good deal in newspapersof Phelps. DEALERS IN

'the deadly, parallel column,'' but Now, if,any orange grower in Florida Coal Hay Grain Wines Liquors
,
the, "average analysis" is equally has persistently' and continuously

deadly when applied to, orange nutri followed for a series of years a theoryof Cigars, Tobacco, Etc.

tion. ,As;a man thinketh so, is he ; as fertilizing to its ultimate practical

an; orange.feedeth, so in a great meas- results, that man ,is Mr. Phelps, and J"aoJisoD.'V'"ille: F lor'id,..

tire,will be its chemical composition, the results of his experiments made '.' -.
and, personally, I have been unable to years ago are found in Forrester's PRIOE-L.ISTOF WHISKIES I : 1

attach.,much value as data from whichto chemical fertilizer, minimum analysis, MANONGAHELA RYE............. ....*...$< 50 CABINET BOURBON... .............. ..f6'oo
s of fruit ammonia 6 cent.,avail PARKER.;... ............ ...... ...,....... 175 J. MARTIN RYE.... ...... ................ 300
draw instruction to analyses 4 per, cent per ORANGE.VALLEY..... ...... ........ .....200 VIRGINIA GLADES.............,............ 400
unaccompanied with'information as to able: phosphoric acid and 12, percent, SPRING VALLKY........ .... ............. 25 OLD BOURBON........... ........ ..... .5 00
BALTIMORE CORN.......... ........ ... :a oo KENTUCKY: SOUR MASH................ 500
analysis or character of the soil, anal. potash.; Let us see, therefore,how the NORTH CAROLINA CORN.. ........It..... 250 OLD BAKER..... ... .............i... ;;... .5 00
ysis and material of the fertilizer used,' average ash and nitrogen contents, of CLIFTON, CLUB.... .. ...... .............300 MON fROSI; VELVET RYE.................. 6.oo

times of ,application and system of; these oranges 'compare with..thc,, fertilizer JUGS EXTRA: One gallon 250; two gallon, soc; three gallon, 750. Remit by post-office
order check letter. We cannot ship C. O, D. ,Remit with order.
cultivation. So far as they go therefore that produced them. The totals money or registered ..
A complete price-list of Groceries and Wine List, sent free on application. '
.
in these particulars I have collected divided by five give an average of..09'1per

l the most available analyses of cent nitrogen, .094 per cent. JOHN CLARK, SON & CO.






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; .78 THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.

I '. _
.
phosphoric acid .604 per cent. potashof consumers have to buy lots of sweet- graded, then immediately shipped <1 $ EGGS$ $11! 15 Eggs, i.oo, from fine B.
P Langshans, B. Mlnorcas.B.and W. Leghorns.
the total weight of the oranges. ening to put on ill fed, acid, sliced without fear of damage. Experiencewith Island Poultry Yards, Fernandina, Fla. Agentfor

Now, to put this in a similar propor- oranges that were grown without any last season's shipments appears to : Boiled Beef and Bone," $2,25 per 100
pounds. 2-2-2
tion to the fertilizer used, I have added fertilizer, or an incomplete one, and justify the belief that the gentlemenwho

25 per cent, to the nitrogen to reduceto can't be eaten in any other manner.E. .- have lately organized the Santa BERKSHIRE PIGS.at reduced Best prices registered for one month full

ammonia and multiplied by 20, S. Hubbard, in Agriculturist.The Fe 'Bulk Fruit Express Company, at only. T. A. Vincent, Riverview, Fla. 2-2-3

which gives ammonia 2.27 per cent.; tables mentioned by Mr. Hub- Los Angeles, have made a stride in WANTED, Three Hundred Celeste Fig trees-

phosphoric acid 1.88 per cent, potash bard of advance which will be appreciated by Tangerine, Lime, Grape (or Pom
occupy a large amount space, elo) and some Lemon trees. State price, size and
I' 12.08 per cent., and considering that giving the analyses of fifteen varietiesof fruit shippers generally in California.Cal. age. Box 1294 New Orleans, La. 2-22

Mr. Phelps mows his grove in summer Fruit Grower.
-
oranges and six samples of soil. PRIN TING.-100 good quality 6% white
I and of one cutting, at least, saves We believe it will be fully as instruc- envelopes, printed, with your name and ad-
think dress, mailed postage: paid, for 25C silver. Storrs,
: all the hay he uses I we can
a tive to our readers to condense these The Print r, DeFuniak, Fla. it
:' very well account for the whereabouts of the
tables the
. by giving average LIGHT I BRAHMA COCKERELS-Duke of York
ammonia and
; of the surplus phosphoric analyses of the oranges, and one $2.00. Extra fine Mammoth Bronze
1 j acid, that would otherwise leach as Gol.blers\ forty-pound stock, $2.50. C. Gomperts,
sample of good orange soil, namely, r Lady Lake, Florida. 1-12-4
> nitrates or become insoluble phosphates that from St. Petersburg furnished by -
,
LEGHORN FOWLS FOR ALlt-
clean culture. BROWN
with .
> C. W. Butler : IWHABTH business strain. $1.00 each deliv-
7 The only other questions that arise' I MATTER! reed in Jacksonville. M. Chesebro, "the egg
$ in 'this connection are the results in APPROXIMATE ANALYSIS OF FRESH man, Plun mers, Fla. i-9-3

freedom from insects and healthful. FARM E-GG:3 FOR HATCHING-White Leghorns,
ORANGES, BY J. J. EARLE. Brown Leghorns and Black Langshans $i.co.
;i. ness of his trees and the quality and COVERED Buff Cochins, $2.00 per, dozen Albert Fries St.
Average. ,
* the of his fruit. The scores Nicholas, Fla. it
salability Weight of oranges in ounces.... ....., ... 6.57 ,WITH STUMP Will
L his fruit has made in the Florida Horticultural Peel, per cent... ..... .. .. .. .. ...... ... .. 24 49 |V ft Agent's it profits per forfeit.month.New Ar-
...... .. .. .. ... .. 52 prove or pay
" exhibitions and the Seed .. .... .... 2.09 NW 5 5 licles out. A $1.50 sample
Society's I Pulp and juice....... .. .. .... .... 72 03 -\f and ter just free. CHIDES-
premiums he has taken, are matters of ; Total...... .... .. .. .... ..... ...... .Of Of loo.oa! TER & SON,, 23 Bond St.ors, N. Y. Try us.
Moisture, per cent..... ...... ...... ...... 87.71
record in the archives of the society, Nitrogen M "........ ...... ..... .124 r.GHMAN'S CONDITION POWDERS FOR
while his is one of the most Organic matter exclusive or nitrogen TI All Stock Gua ted make them eat and
i grove per cent. .. .. ... ........ .... ..... ... I I.24 fit. ran to mail,
[ visited in the State, and its average Silica per cent.... .. .. .... .. ...... ..... 0097 F -- (grow. W.Sample G. Tilghman package, Palatka by Fla.thirtyfivecents.
well known need Sulphuric acid, per cent......... ... .. .0420 1-26-10
i I condition is too to Phosphoric acid .' ".... .... .......... 0770
'J I .. .. ... .... ... AWKEYE RUB
comment. If we take the average Ferric oxide per cent. : .. 0060 liMP UKHINE.: MINORCA COCKERELS Few fine
\\I' Lime, per cent......... ..... .............- .2070 Works on either Standing Timber or Stumps. Pull BLACK Pair fine Fowls-
I I analysis of Mr. Phelps' fruit as a standard Magnesia, per cent........ ... ....... .... .. .0450 nil ordinary Grub in one and a'.nlfndnutcllo Makes: Pierson i 50, Monticello each. Fla. Pea 5.00."6-2 D.
| of the requirements of thin Potash per cent ..... .. .... .... .4790 clean sweep of two acres at a sitting. A man a bo L 1-
Soda, per cent.. .. ............ .... ........ .0390 and a horse can operate It. No heavy chains or rods tt! SALE-Bronze turkeys, Black I.angshans.Indian ,
|j': skinned, sweet, high flavored oranges, Cholorme,per cent........ ..... .... ...,. ono for handle.the machine.The cropon You a few can acres not the longer first afford year will to pa pa'.: Game fowl. Langshan, Game and
5 and it with the No. i soil I taxes on unproductive timber land. Clear It, raise pekin duck eegs for hatching. Mrs. W. H.
\ compare QUANTITY OF FERTILIZER IN 1000 ORANGES.
bountiful crop with I ess labor and recuperate your ol Mann Mannville, Fla. 12-1-12
\ analysis of Mr. C. VV. Butler, it leads Silica, ounces...... ...... .... ...... ... .68Sut. postal worn outland card to send by pasturing.for Illustrated It will only cost you i for cash time tiade
interesting conclusions. acid ".. ....... .... ...... ...... .... 2.86 price,terms and testimonials.an Also Catalogue full Informattoi,giving. FOR SALE and timber,lands.or ,orange Keuka groves,
! us to some PhosP acid ". .... .. .... ... .. ... .. ..' 5.42 concerning our I. X. L. Grubber! Iron Giant Grul E. RUMLEY, ,
1' These soil analysis figures are calculated Ferric oxide" ... ........ .. ......... .3 and Stump Machine,Two Horse Ifawkcyo and other: Fla. 3-n-i6t
, Lime ounces.... ...... .... ... .... 14 56 appliances for clearing timber land. Address
to represent the number of Magnesia".... .... .... ... .... ...... ...... 3.i6Potah MILNE HAKTFACTCRIXQ: CO., 008 8th St., Monraontli, 111Sunnysldc CITRUS TREES.-Fine stock; none better; low
h pounds of each ingredient in a million ounces..... .... .... ...... .. .. .... 34.07 Shetland Farm. For ad and square Write treatment No "back
; Soda ounce-..... .. .. .... .... .... ........ .. 2.76 dress Milne llrox. at above Pony office and number.catalogue Breed numbers" offered. for prices. Thirteen
I:: pounds of earth and with four million Chloiine".... ..:. .. ..... ........ .... .... era of Pure t Shetland Ponies. years experience. Phoenix Nurseries, Braiden-
pounds to a foot depth per acre, we Nitrogen"..... ... .... .... .... ...... ...... 8.38 town, Fla. uu _______ n_ 3-i8 _
,
CAYENNE-Variegated Cayenne
i have 323 lbs. of potash, 2520 lbs of SOIL ANALYSIS. SMOOTH Rothschild and Abbaka pineapple

acid and about 600 Ibs. of Insoluble matter, silica, silicates! etc., suckers and slips of finest quality. Orlando
phosphoric percent.. ...... .. ;.. .. .. ... ..... 95.3600 Grape and Fruit Co., Orlando, Fla 12-is-tf
nitrogen. A crop of 100,000 oranges Silica soluble in sodium carbonate 1 .
of the size of those percent.... ... ..... .... .... .... .. ....... ..6100Pota.h FOR.CUTAWAY Hubbard Federal HARROW Point prices Fla. State, address 1{.
,
per acre, average ; per cent .. ... ..... .............. coSi'' Agent.
analyzed, at 75 lbs. per box, would Soda per cent... .... .... .... .. .. ..... .0104 ,.. v,.\--y..:1 ....,....' ',,,:v.,.,, 1 ......'I'/U.M,!.,-....LyySt' ,1.1 ;;:;;;tij; 10-21-tf
Lime ".... .. .... ... ...... ... .2800 FINE-Two to four year old orange and
yield 579 boxes, a not unusual cropon Magnesia; per cent... .... ........!...... 0800 A Perfect Park Fence VERY buds. Price, $t.:;o per 1,000 f. o. b. J.
+ large trees and these Oxide of iron ".... .... .... .... .. ...... .6800 L. Derieux, Lakeland Fla. 12-22-5
1 oranges Alumina, per cent.... .... ........ ........ .2400
would remove from the top foot of Phosphoric acid, per cent....... ..... ,. .. 0630 Is shown In our January "HUSTLER," witha LOT OF SEEDLESS GRAPE FRUIT-
soil be from the Sulphuric acid "........... .... ..Of trace''' full view of ten largo Elk. It surrounds the FINE Tahiti Limes. All on Grape fruit stock.
to transported
away P. W. W. L'\ Co.'s Park of 40 acres, confiningalso
Water and organic matter, except nitro. Price very reasonable. S. M. Stephens, Lakeland -
grove '49.56Ibs. of ammonia, 41.561bs6 gen, per cent ........ .... ..... ...... 2.0285 a herd of 15 deer. Wo call It perfect because Fla. 12-15-10
Nitrogen, per cent....... .... ........ .... .6400 no animal gets In or 'out "without a
of phosphoric acid and 263.62 Ibs. of Total... ........ .... ..... ..........100.0060 pass." Bounded on three sides by public A CHANCE FOR A NURSERYMAN.Fortythousand
that allowing nothing for roads, it has been thoroughly tested by dogs. ((40,000)) thrifty grape fruit trees in
potash, so I 4 With posts four rods apart there Is no sagging nursery form. Three-year old. Terms easy.
increase in wood and foliage, and supposing i I 110 obstruction to the view, and above Bowyer & Stephens. Lakeland, Fla. 12-15-10
Shipping California Fruit in Bulk. all It costs less than a paling fence for the
the trees capable of unlockingand same purpose. Send for Free copy. Address deal on wire netting. Prices cut in
appropriating every atom of pot- Last year we described a car fitted PAGE WOVEN WIRE FENCE CO., Adrian, Mich. ANEW. We pay freight. Write for our latest

ash locked up by the clay, iron, humus for shipping citrus fruit in bulk to price-list. E. W Amsden, Ormond, Fla. tf

and silica of the soil, the supply would Eastern markets at less cost than by CENT- WOllV COL UMN. THE LAKELAND NURSERIES-Have for sale
citrus
trees on sour
,
grape-fruit
last about one and one-fourth years the ordinary methods.A and 127,000 rough lemon roots, of the following orange varieties:

.Limb blight in such a case would be more detailed description of a To insure insertion in this column, advertise- Marsh Seedless Pomelo, Thompson Pomelo, Au-
rantium Pomelo, Boone's Early Parson Brown,
ments must be accompanied by the
+ but another name for potash starva- similar car is as follows : Trays 12 Advertisements must not exceed money.fifty words. Hart's Tardiff, Dancy Tangerine,Satsuma Kumquat -

tion. inches wide, 6 inches deep and as Postage Count Stamps word received,including in payment.name and address. Franca, King and and Belair Maltese Premium Blood Lemon.Orange Tahiti, and Seed Villa

In an. off hand way there is a con- long as the width of the car are placedone every less Limes. A specialty of the Marsh Seedless
C. M. Marsh Lakeland
Grape-fruit. Polk
sensus of opinion, or a public opinion above the other, the ends resting Oranges. frozen. Vegetable Fla. n-17-20'Co.,

intelligent by on cleats inches apart on each side
among orange growers 9
MAKE HENS V-There is nothing like
which scientific facts and the facts of of the car, thus giving an air space of crop gone-put in a melon TO Bowker's Animal Meal. 40 tons sold in Florida I

experience have been sifted to pretty 3 inches between trays containing the crop get ahead of South particulars last year., write Hundreds E. W. Amsden of testimonials., Ormond, Fla.For \;

accurate conclusions, and in an ex- fruit. The upper part of the car is so io-i3-tf !

tensive acquaintance with gentlemenof arranged that the trays may be return Georgia, and reap a rich harvest BROWN of LEGHORN the best.EGGS$i for for 13.HATCHING.R. Puddy,

this class, I have found an over- ed to shipper without interfering with Lawtey Fla. Barred Plymouth Rock eggs for

whelming majority who believe in a the loading of the car for return west- Full directions to growa hatching.. 10-6-13

complete well-balanced fertilizer in ward. FOR EXCHANGE-Summer and winter hotel
furnished. Seed for North Carolina mountains. Owner
crop must
the fullest sense of the term, regardless The obvious advantages of shippingfruit live in Florida. Wants good orange grove. W.

of whether there is a German in this manner are that it saves sale by B. Clarkson, Jacksonville, Fla. 9-15-11

Kali potash trust or a meat trust in much in the cost of boxes and pack- WANTED-5000 one-year Citrus Trifoliata.

Chicago that sets the price on blood ing, as well as some 3,000 pounds, in W. M. GIRARDEAU, ries, Give Monticello size and, Fla.lowest. price. Arcadia. i2-i-tf Nurse

and bone for those who use it, or a the weight of boxes, which may be Monticello Fla.. --- -. -"--- ...--.-,".

Chilian government which monopo- made up in additional weight of fruit CHOIOE5 .

lizes nitrate of soda, or English ex in each car, thus materially reducing CHOICE TOMATO PLANTSLivingston's F'RUITS: .1'1d. P'LOW33 } 8

who control and advance the the. freight charges. Fruit sent in these Livingston's Favorite Redfield
porters Beauty and Lorillara. Ready now. Price, $1,00 FOR .. .
price'of sulphate of ammonia or transportation open trays has better opportunity to a hundred, $5.00 per thousand. Free by mail or
express. Large, strong, well-rooted. plants. SOUTHERN PLANTING. 1''_
companies that squeeze poor cure while on the road, and oranges Thos Colson. Waldo, Fla. 1-19-3 .'(,.' f
so they can't buy fertilizers thus transported are not required to -- Satsuma Orange, ''Hardy and Early.., .New
4 orange growers go LIGHT BRAHMA, D. B. Plymouth Rock and Japanese Plums, Peaches, pears, Roses, Camellias -
y at all, and cause the fat sugar through the "sweating process" before Turkey Eggs for hatching, 91.00 dozen &c., at very low prices. Catalogue for the
I. to suit the .times. C, Gomperts, Lady Lake, asking, n, L. 1-IEnSON, Prop.Montic.ll..Fiq.
with its but be and
1t trust to chuckle delight when shipment, may gathered Florida. 2 2-16

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THE FLORIDA' FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. 79

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SAVANNAH LINE. The Clyde Steamship Co.


,

II' Time 48 to 55 hours between Savannah, New York and Philadelphia, and NEW YORK, CHflHIiESTOM AND FLORIDA NINES

between Savannah and Boston, 65 to 70 hours.
II
The magnificent Steamships of this 'Line are aj

OCEAN STEAMSHIP COMPANY. both pointed ways to sail: as follows, calling at Charleston ? f,


(STANDARD TlMb.//
From New York. 'ruUJ, .l t'k..u."Uh.Pier .
pa..a.ae Rate: ( 29, E. R.) STKAMKRMonday. Florida.

Jan. 28th, at 3 p ."CHEROKEE'' .... Sunday, Feb .trd at 10-308 m
Wednesday. 30th, atspm."* -MASSME".Tuesday, 5th, at 12.30 prr
Feb. Istat3pm. ...... "ALGONQUIN" .... Thursday, 7th, at i:3opm:
W,; Monday, 4th at3pm.... "SKMINOiE". .. ....Sunday. "Iothat 5.OIJK m
"
:. Wednesday, 6that3pm..IRUQUI'IS..Tueday.. 12th, at 6:3o: a m
;c' '" Friday, 8th, at 3 pm .... ... "CHEROKEK" ...... ..Thursday, 141 h, at 8joa: m
.w";'"i .xj' Monday, nth, at 3 p m........ tA8SP.F..Sunday: i7th at nooa:
I Wednesday, J3that3pm..ALGONQUIN.-uesday. "J9th. at Jyo: p m
F4-4.=- --- Friday, I5th. at3pm........ "SEMINOLK": .. ......Thursday, 21St at 1:30pm:
Mondav.u 18th, atspm. .. ....." 1ROQUOIV ..:.. ....Sunday, 24th, at 5 0 am
4' Rdal, Wednesday, IIII 2othat3pm...... .."CHhROKKE",. .... Tuesday, 26th at 5:30am:
.
; Friday, 22dat3pm ..... .YE\fAS.gg. ..... Thursday 28th at 7:00am:
tiT Monday, 25th at3pm.'AI.GONQUIN".Sunday. :Mar. 3d; at 830am
j4 Wednesday, 2that3pm..... ..."*SEMINOLE": ..... ....Tuesday, 5th, at iiooa: m
For New York Htr*>rt.
,.
= : -
.. and Jacksonville Line.
Philadelphia
___
.' Weekly service between Jacksonville and Philadelphia, calling at Charleston, S, C, ,'south
lows bound.: The fast freight Steamships "Delaware" and "Winyah" are appointed to all' a" :u:

'- From Philadelphia: STEAMSHIPS: From Jacksonville l)irt>ct.;

Saturday, January 26th.. .......... ......ONEIDA... .... ........ .. Friday, February 1st
Saturday, February 2d............ ..... BOWDUN...... ..... Friday, February 8th
Between Jacksonville and New York: First-class, $25.60 ; Intermediate, $19.00; Excursion, 843.50; Saturday, February 9th.. ........ ... .....ONEIDA........ .... .......Friday, February "i5th
Steerage, 1250. Saturday, February 16th..BOWDhN.; .. ........ ...... Friday, February 22d
Saturday, February 23d... .............. ONEIDA..... ........ ......Friday, March 1st
I, Jacksonville and Boston : Cabin, $27.00; Intermediate, $21.00; Excursion, $47.301; Steerage, $14.25
I The magnificent Steamships of this Company are appointed to sail as follows: QUICK DISPATCH AND PERFECT VENTILATION FOR

I, FRUITS AND VEGETABLES.
II FROM SAVANNAH TO NEW YORK. .

.
(Central or goO Meridian Time.) ST. J"OH:1S"S: : J I V Ei 1 IIl1.:

Kansas City. ..... .. .... ...... .......... ........ .......... ............Friday, Feb. I, g.ooa.m.
Chattahoocliee................ ................ ...... ... ...... ....Saturday, Feb. 2, 10.oo a. m
Nacoochee ........... ..... ............ .... ... ..... ......... .......Monday Feb. 12.oo n'n
Tallahassee .................. ..... ........... ........ ... .............Wedn'sdayPeb. I 2.30 p. m. For Sanford,, Enterprise and Intermediate Points on
City of Augusta... ...... ..:. ........ .......... ........ .... ..., ......Friday, Feb. 4.30P. m. the St. Johns River.
City of Birmingham).............................. .................Saturday, Feb. 9,- 5 oo p. m.
Kansas'City .......... ............. .... ... ..... ....... ............Monday Feb. II, 7.00P.m.
Chattahoochee ...... ...... .................. .......... ...............Wedn'sdayFeb. 13 8.ooa.m. The elegant iron side-wheel l steamers
Nacoochee .. ...... ...... ....................... ..... .............. ....Friday, Feb. 15. ic.ooa. m.
.... .. ... ..... .. .. ... ..... "
Tallahassee........ .. .,. .. .Saturday, Feb. 16 ii.oo. m. "Oi1y of J"acksox'1V'ille: .
City of Augusta......................... .......... .... ...........:.Monday Feb. 18: I.oop.m. i ,
City of Birmingham. ... ... ........ .......................... .....Wedn'sdayiteb.2o, 3 oo p. m. Capt. W. A. SHAW,
Kansas City..; .... .... ......... ........ ..'......... ..... ........ ....Friday, Feb. 22, 4.30p.m. "
\. Chattahoochee ... .. !'.... .-. !............. .... ............. ...... ...Saturday, Feb. 23, 5.00 p. m. "FRED'K. ;; : DeBARY- ,
Nacoochee .......... ...... .,........................ ...... ... ...... ....Monday Feb 25. 6 oo p. m. Capt.,T. W. LUND, Jr.
Tallahassee. ;... ......... .... .... .. .............. ...... ........Wedn'S<}18.y Feb. 27 7.00 a. m.. m.
Are appointed to sail from Jacksonville, daily except Saturday, at 3.30 p. and from Sanford,
daily except Sunday, at 9 00 a. m. .
FROM SAVANNAH TO BOSTON.

Gate,City... .... .... ........ .... ......... ............;.... ....... ...Thursday, Feb. 6, 3.30 p. m SOUTHBOUND. SCHEDULE.NORTHBOUND..
City or Macon........ .... .......... .... .... .... .... ... .... .... ... Thursday, Feb. 14, 9.00 a. m Read down. Read up.
Gate City........ .... ........ .... ........ .... .... .... ...... .... .... Thursday, Feb. 21, 4.00 p. m Leave m. .......... ...... ...... Jacksonville .................. .... Arrive
3.30 p. a.
City of Macon.'.......................... ........... .. ............ Thursday, Feb. 28, '7.oop.m 8.45 P. m. ... ......... ..... ......Palatka ...... ...... ... ..'...... Leave 9.00 3.30 P. m m.,
,. 3.O'J a. m. ............ ..... ..... Astor .............. ...... ..... "3.00 p. m.
FROM SAVANNAH TO PHILADELPHIA.These ., 4.30a. m. .......................St. 'rancis. ...................... '.' 1.30 p. m'
5,3o'a. m. ...... ..... ...... ...... Bereslotc:...... ............ ...... 12.00 noon
( Ships do NOT Carry Passengers.) Arrive &:'3O a. m. ...... .......... ... .... .Sanford, .............. ...... 9.ooa m.
.4 /9.25 a. m. .... .... .... ........ .... Enterprise. ........ .... .... .. '
Dessoug .... ...... ...... ............ ......... ...... .... ........... .... Wed'day, Feb. 7, 2.3op.m1 9.30a. m.
Elihu Thompson. ...........,_..........-.........-....-...-........ .... ...... Wed'day, Feb. 13, S.ooa.nv ,
Des Noug:. ...... ............................:. ...... ... ............. Wed'day, Feb. 20, 3.oop.m.
Elihu Thompson ......... .... .... .... .... ...... .. ............ .. .... Wed'day, Feb. 27, 7.00 a. m. General Passenger and Ticket Office 88 West Bay St., Jacksonville
A. J. COLE, Passenger Agents Bowling Green, New York.
PALACE STEAMERS M. H. CLYDE, Assistant Traffic Manager, 5 Bow ing Green, New York.D. .
THESE D. C. lIINIGeneral: Freight Agent. 12 fOe Delaware avenue, Philadelphia, Pa.
THEO. G. EGER, Traffic Manager 5 Bowling Green, New York.
Connect at Savannah with Central Railroad of Georgia, Savannah, Florida & Western Railway, F. M. IRONMONGER, Jr., Florida Passenger Agent, 204 West Bay St., Jacksonville FU.
Florida Central & Peninsular Railroad. JOHN L. HOWARD, Florida Freight Agent, foot Hogan Street, Jacksonville, Fla.
Through Bills of Lading, Tickets, and Baggage Checks to and from Eastern: Points in the South. J. A. LESLIE, Superintendent, foot Hogan Street, Jacksonville, Fla.WM. .
See your nearest ticket agent or write for Freight or Passage to
R. I,. WALKER,Agent, C. G.ANDERSON, Agent P. CLYDE & CO., Gen'l Agents,
New Pier No.35, North River. New York. City Exchange Building, Savannah, Ga.
RICHARDSON lit BARNARD, Agents, Lewis' Wharf, Boston.W. 18 South Delaware Avenue Philadelphia. 5 Bowling Green, New York.

X, JAMES, Agent, 13 S. Third Street, Philadelphia.
W. H. RHETT, Gen'l Agt.C. R. R., 317 Broadway, New York. W. A. BOURS. ESTABLISHED 1875. J. B. BOURS.
I J. D. HASHAGEN, Eastern Agent Sav., Fla. & Western Ry. Co., 261 Broadway. N. Y.
J. L. ADAMS, Gen'l East. Agt. F. C. & P. R. R., A. DeW. SAMPSON, General Agent,
353 Broadway, New York. 306 Washington St., Boston. WILLIAM A. BOURS & CO.
]. P. BECKWITH, General Agent, 121 West Bay Street, Jacksonville.
W J. FARRELL Soliciting Agent. W. E. ARNOLD Gen. Trav. Pass. Agt.,
WALTER HAWKINS, Fla. Pass. Agent,
121 West Bay Street, Jacksonville. Grain Garden Seeds and Fertilizers ,


.e wJ3 T BAY 19 '.. JAOKSONVI E, PLA.
TI1E :ogST F TILIZEJ S

'... WITH A We Handle Only the Best and Most Reliable Seeds. A Gomple Stock of


,I .t.;' ._ PURE BONE BASIS Hay, Corn, Oats, Flour Bran Wheat, Grits, Meal,


j Are Manufactured by the Cotton Seed Meal Both' Bright and Dark.




II II r;: L B. Darling Fertilizer Co. rygert-Allen STATE AGENTS Fertilizer FOR Co. PURE NITRATE GROUND SODA BONE,



I:i : OF PAWTUCKET, R. I. Star Brand Fertilizers, MURIATE OF POTASH,


We also carry In stock Potash Nitrate Soda, Kainit, Cracked Bone and Beef Scraps for Poul GUARANTEED ANALYSIS. SULPHATE POTASH
try, Sulphur, Cottonseed Meal,Tobacco,Stems, Land Plaster and Ashes. ,

SOUTHERN OFFICE'AND WAREHOUSE AT JACKSONVILLE, FLA. Orange Tree and Vegetable KAINIT, Etc. ,:

I Hear of.West Bay St., on river front, midway between Main and Laura Sta. FERTILIZER.These .
Fertilizers han no superior in the market and a trial will convince.'

( f.. .



.


r T -...--,,"' "" ""' '''''' ,---_.--... -- -...-- _._ -- --.,,-- ._ _. .--- -.---.._ .. -- ..-.-,- .. ..-"-.... ----'- I



. ---- .-___-_-_ .-- -- -. -- ---. :--..--.-- .".,...- -............-,.._..=- .--_ --
-- -- -- -
i -v-
: s

t




." ..
,'. .,.. .
80 T1UC FLORIDA tfABMEfc AND FRUIT-GROWER.
._ .....
-...." .. .. ,

A CROP OF 0' ORANGES' Established i1

T loridt: IZ :iii. IZ 1819.2V1ere .
.e' ,. ,

: 1:1.1e.o trees have
FOR NEXT SEASONTHE
been :inj-ULxecl. by


: RECENT FREEZE

I Can be obtained by pushing them immediately with



,,t PAINE'S' TREE' GROWER. SPECIAL.


I _
.

! f ( Apply this AS SOON AS 'POSSIBLE and also make a second smaller application. in March or April

( for the June bloom.

Write for our,directions for fertilizing groves on Pine and Hammock Lands. Liberal fertilization of groves NOW: will, prove the

most remunerative investment that you have ever made. Write for full particulars about growing oranges, watermelons and other crops

for LARGE PROFITS. .
: ;,
F

I THE PAINE FERTILIZER: CO.,



".: _"_ . 710 to 712 East Bay St., JACKSONVILLE, FLA., or 1 Broadway, NEW YORK, N. Y.

---
--

The Zephaniah Breed Weeder and Cultivator. I


CANADADf a ASHES


S. A natural fertilizer for Orange Groves,also for Berries Vegetables. Gathered with I
: our teams,in Canada and shipped in carload; lots direct' to Florida in bags barrels.
Write the;Information.' ; .ITIUHnUC.MIIMRnC, I LALOR & CO.,50Arcade. Block,OSWEGO", N..V.

i 1 s 1Srw'NnMGa'IeOrrolr I I ... ""-- .-,.
I 7'
.-', l .. '., ,.,. ,
iimimiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiimiiiiiiiiimiiiinummimmiiiimiiiminnin uiiniiiiiits
.4 mIlE most successful farmers and gardeners |
; S : ; buy their seed directly from the'growers; for |
Y' this reason we raise largely] the most risky S
:. kinds, especially Cabbage and,, Onion Seed. This
,latter is,extra ,fine this.season., No catalogue conE
tains more varieties of vegetable seed,and none more i .
iMita \ 0 : of the new that are really good-see outside cover =
... EjE_gggg gagg'-affi-) _
+a" for an illustrated selection from our new specialties
,',( ,which we will sell at half rates. Catalogue free. E
J. J. II. GREGORY &SON, Seed Growers, 5:
,r. The ,Greatest Labor-Saving Tool Now Made. DIAUBLEHKAD, MASS.unuuunntuuuunuuuwuuwuuuwuuwwiwnnnaumuwrwuunnwi. =



300 Acres In Nursery. One Acre Under Glass. Thirty-Seventh Year.
FOR ALL Corn, Potatoes Cotton, Peas, Beans, Squash.
Cucumbers, Melons, '
TVTJCJ ,ShECIALi: IES :
HOED OR Cabbage, Tomatoes, Spinach, Onions, etc.
Specially adapted to Florida and sub-tropical countries.
; Are Invaluable for Cultivating Orange Plantations.NO FRUIT I TREES Peach, Oriental Plums and Pears, Japan Persimmons,
i :Strawberries: Guavas, Giant Loquat, etc? etc. Rare Conifers and Broad-leaved Evergreens, Camel.
lias,Azaleas,50,000 Palms, 20,000 Camphor Trees, Hedge Plants, Open Ground Grown Roses. The
Green House department Is complete In plants of every class suited to Southern Horticulture. Cat.
HAND-HOEING. NO WEED-PULLING. alogues free. Address p. J. BERCKMANS Fruitland Nurseries, Augusta, Ga.
No Agents.

.
Keeps surface of the soil in best condition to rapidly forward the crop. Strongly endorsed by the
Agr.Colleges, xperiment Stations and most I II II
I
Prominent Agriculturists of America."My I :v.: ., To Orange-Growers.

The largest crop and best grade of fruit can only be obtained by using fertilizers containing
-r.tP
.weeder did fine work in strawberr'es' aud cotton." FRANK HOLMAN, Not less than 12 Actual Potash.
York Station,Ala., f $ ( >

"With the weeder,cheap. cotton can be made., All grasses and weeds can be easily destroyed." This is equally true of pine-apples ;and other tropical fruits. .\ ., ,, !R
M. CHANGE, Woodland, La. Our books on Potash are sent free. They will cost you nothing to read and will save
weeder is in all hoed W.A.RAINES,Humboldt,Tenn.
"Your indespensable crops. you dollars. GERMAN KALI WORKS 93 Nassau Street, New York.
i !.The weeder is'daisy,' I assure you." ]. O.SNYDER, Milton, Ky.
"
Send TO-DAY for Descriptive,Circular. Please mention this paper.
.
-

: THE Z. BREED WEEDER CO., Wintersmith's Chill ..' :

26 Merchants' Row, Boston, Mass

The For Malaria Tonic i

Medicine which is the chief cause
NURSERIES OF THEMifwaiiicie i
--,. For General Debility
t i<+ i \: : ', ,: Known !

l Florida l aFaqge Co.Belected Merit For For Biliousness Constipation I,,

Tried and True I
I For loss'of Appetite :
strains of Choicest Varieties of Citrus Fruit Trees a Specialty.BuddingWood. '
for sale at all times. 30 sacs se 30 J Being the best,Remedy for these things'on the market.
Our stock Is large and complete. PROMPT ATTENTION TO CORRBSPONDI NCi;.
Sells on Its merits, and all Druggists keep It. ,
For Catalogue and Price-List,address Tit.
ARTHUR PETER&Co.;Wholesale Agents?Louisville:KyI :/

A. L. DUNCAN. Manager, Dunedin, Fla. ,

.