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UFPKY NEH LSTA SLAF



Florida farmer & fruit grower
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Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055765/00297
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: S. Powers
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: September 23, 1893
Frequency: weekly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note: Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038466
oclc - 01387403
notis - AKM6256
lccn - sn 95026761
System ID: UF00055765:00297
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen

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"VI'rI-I "VI-IICII IS INCOI 'OIi1tTJU s' "I'IJ.t; IrLOI2IE \ DI 4 I.rOIr.: ."

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.' .AO a Year. JACKSONVILLE. FLA., SEPTEMBER 23, 1893. Whole No. I2HH: NKW. V,S No.Kit IKSVol. 3H. ,

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FINE ABBAKA SLIPS andGOLDEN GENUINE BERMUDA ONION.Our .


QUEEN SUCKERSNow a

seed of tho Genuine Bermuda Onion crop of 1893: will IKJ ready October '
for
ready delivery.

1 N. PIiICt 1st. Send in your order now. Wo have lx>th varieties, the White and Palo lied.

Box 449, Orlando, Fla. Price per packet THJ; i oz., I"1; oz., ':;c; J llh., 8oc; lIb, $3.00, postpaid.H. .

1.1 lIUrJXfl Tiutns ron j' oi>crcrio.v Ay) 1'llO'lJT G. HASTINGS AND CO., SEEDSMEN,

. Buy of the Well-Known, Reliable, Tenyears'testedGLEN I1'1-te1.1ocl'1el 4) l lo.


ST. MARY NURSERIES.SATSUMA 40 page Illustrated Catalogue free.
.
ORANGES,hardy and early. OLIVES and APRICOTS. -
I'KAKS,all kinds immense stock. FIGS and MUM1F.RKIKS. CIRCULARS OF
PKACIIKS, 60 varieties, new and old. POM KG K ANATKS.
PLUMH., best Japan and native sorts. CAMPHOR TRKKS.
JAPAN I'URSIMMONS"aridl s all tested. TEXAS UMBRELLA.GRKVIU.UA SUNSET HILL NURSERIESContain
GRAPHS,good supply,,all t leading kinds. ROBUST
PKCANS, best Paper-Shell variety. MAGNOLIA GRANDIFLORA.
WAI.NUTS. English,Japan and California. CITRUS TRIPOLI ATA. a list and description!' of the Choicest and Most Profitable varieties ol the Citrus
CHESTNUTS Japan Mammoth, very fine. ROSES SO varieties. l Family, which we have selected from over one hundred different varieties! grown,and tented by us
We have other kinds-lots of them-write for what you want. in our extensive experience of seventeen years. We carry one of
For five Fears past samples of fruit have been Bent, free of charge, on application -
and will be this )'cur': but experience and information as to adaptability to The Largest Stocks of Citrus Trees in tho United States.

your locality Is worth much more.Vo have discarded from our own orchards one Send for circulars. Address R. W. iiE RC6. :;
variety of which we shipped 400 bushels in 1887, and this is but one of the hundreds Sunset Hill, Lake Co., Via, .
of varieties tt ted. We have built our reputation on fine stock-ome people ,
say t1)e frneet. An Ex-Governor of Florida writes: "They are beauties, and so admirably FREE RIDE TO SEE

to IHJ experts.{packed as to shame a novice in the business, and even many who pretend ONE MILLION FRUIT TREES,

Prompt and careful attention to correspondence. Prices reasonable. Catalogue ROSES, ETC. THE LARGEST STOCK EVER GROWN IN FLORIDA:
*
free." Address
Will take R. R.fare from bill of tree to all who will come to Nursery and purchase to amount
G. Tw. TABER, ot double R. R. fare. I can afford to make this offer, as one pleased customer means his future
trade, also the trade of his tieightors! Club together and send one man from your neighborhood
Glen St. :Mary\ Fla.) before buying this fall.I .
am now preparing to plant for myself what will be the largest orchard in the county. Price
of stock as low as the lowest for first- stock. Catalogue free.

fiARNElTBROS BURNETT BROS. Pomona Wholesale Nurseries.W. .

D. GRIPPING( Proprietor.

: *.."..... .. _. Mitfrlettny, Itakrr, Co, Flit.
DEALERS IN FRUITS. ....... -- -

FRUITS Wo respectfully| solicit shipments of Fruits and Vegetables. NURSERIES OF THE

iHICAGft I We are now making a pj=i>ccialty ofORANGES
'Milwaukee Florida O aqg! ED.


Selected strains of Choicest Varieties of Citrus Fruit Trees a SpedaUy.DuMinsr'.
Wood for sale at all times
and invite correspondence on Markets and Prospects. Our stock is large; and complete. PROMPT ATTKN riON. TO COKKKSPONDKNCK.
For Catalogue and Price-List address
Reference, h}' j tennis ion;-A. M.\ Iven, Est)., Jacksonville; National Shoe
and Leather Bank, New York; the Volusia County Bank, I>eI and, FJiu, and the _A.. L.. DUNCAN, Manager, Dunedin, .Fla.
Commercial Loan and Trust Co.,Chicago. )159 South Water St. --'"

BOONE'S EARLY- ORANGESTILL TREES FOR SUMMER PLANTING.


A full line of the leading varieties of Orange & Lemon Trees at rock-bottow
LUAUS T1IK PROCESSION
prices. Addretw *
But the demand being greater than the supply we had to let our "Ad." take a rest. Can now
.u..ty.. limited number of good trees; can also furnish A few thousand other best varieties on
short notice,at living pri<<'S. Now is the time to plant. Address PEER ISLAND NURSERIES,

C. A. BOON, Agt.. t. Oakland, Orange Co., I'la.we .

,.. ORLANDO.- FLA.
-
;: ; DO YOU KNOW have+ JfrfJiiV"JSS of ECONOMIC
BEACH & VALENTINE v c the tropics and warm climates of i I t I l I r '
that, the scht me just broached bv our Hot ticul.
DO YOU KNOW
.
IMPORTERS OF NEW AND CHOICE t x s in our establishment t 'HbmeUMorklaWp ople(uptJ A LIVING FACT
t : times know this,and of the
: he are quietly taking advantage opportunity
of getting rare plants of us. We can! supply Aloe. Bamboo Camphor Cia
Pineapple Plants from the West Indies 1 namon, Coffee, balbergia, Kxcoecaris.: Ficus. Gamboge.Hemp( ), Iron
,. bark Jujub. Kota, logwood. Mahogany. Nutmeg Olive.OranxeI'epper,
4a" Quercus, Rice'paper, strychnine.Tea, U pas, Vantlla' ,Wax-myrtle. Xylos
"0'" ma, YUCCA.' ZI"d! *r plants and hundreds(others.
Correspondence solicited. Send for arge catalogue,which tells all about it.IlEAHORER.
.
MELBOURNE FLA. ja:. BIIOH., Oiieco, Fla. .


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617 THE FLORIDA FARMEH AND FKUIT-GHOVVKK.

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ORANGE GROWERS SUPPLIES ..


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IS THE ONLY RELIABLE, .

Surely effective and cheapest material ottered for the destruction of insects. Its proper use will kill the spider, rust mite, nnguil-
lula, moving scale and fungus growths. It is a sure remedy for the "foot-rot" and the "blight" of the orange and tho wilt of the pineapple.

It will not only prevent tho oranges from rusting, but will greatly improve the classification of the fruit.

Spraying outfits in great variety at manufacturers' prices.:: | WOSl
Correspondence solicited. E m "% E A N u


Jacksonville Fla.
"


SULPHUR SOLUTION

(INSECTICIDE) .

Is the most effective compound yet discovered for destroying the insects infesting the orange tree, and is a sovereign

remedy foi the various forms of fungi on trees and plants. Being free from all substances of a caustic, corrosive or poU-

onous nature, it can be handled with perfect safety to the person, and applied to the trees at any stage of growth without

Injury.This
insecticide has been used by some of the largest orange growers in the State during the past two years, and hu

liven perfect satisfaction. References furnished on application.For .

Rust Mite use one quart to fifty gallons of water. When used at this strength the trees should be sprayed for

the Rust Mite twice a month through the season. Where labor constitutes the principal item of expense in spraying tree

It is better and cheaper to use the Insecticide at full strength, viz.: One gallon of solution to 50 gallons of water, ai the
fumes from the Insecticide will kill the Rust Mite even if the solution should not happen to touch them. In using the

Insecticide at this strength it will save three or four sprayings through the season, thereby reducing the cost from one-

third to one-half.: This is an Advantage Possessed by no Other Preparation of Sulphur. If used in this manner it

will also kill the other insects that may be moving on the trees.

For Red Spider and Scale, use one gallon to fifty gallons of water. General directions for using sent on application.Price .

20c. Per Gallon, in barrels. if there is no agent in your vicinity, write for price delivered.

Spraying Apparatus. furnished to our customers at cost. .


McMASTER & MILLER San Mateo and Citra Fla.



;( SAVANNAH, FLORIDA & WESTERN RAILWAY


h AND -

,,* THE .+. FLORIDA 4. DISPATCH LINE *

WITH THE MAGNIFICENT CONNECTIONS.

The Great Fast Express Freight System of the South.

.
The attention shippers is directed to the Plant S. S.Line between Havana, Key West and Tampa and South Florida Railway between Tampa and Sanford;3., F.& W Ry.between Jacksonville
Gainesville Bainbridge River Junction and Savannah;Savannah and Charleston,and Ocean Steamship Line between Savannah, Philadelphia Boston and New York, and Merchants and Miners
Transportation Company between Savannah and Baltimore. The best equipped, fastest and most prompt lines between all points in Florida and all points North and Northwest.
Receivers and Shipper Will Profit by the Following Unparalleled' COlllu''tlon.1tonrll
} nouyn. SOUTH nfl(j,1'/).
Double daily fast freight service for all points West via Albany Jesup, Balnbridge and Double daily fast freight service from all points North and West via Albany, Bainbridire, Jesup
Savannah. and Savannah to all points in Florida ; fast freight trains both via Gainesville,Jacksonville, Calla
Daily fact freight all rail connection via the Atlantic Coast Line to all Eastern, Interior and ban and Live Oak
Coast points including New York. Boston, Philadelphia.Baltimore, Washington and Providence. Three ship,a week by the fleet steamships of the Ocean Steamship Company,wiling from New
Three connections a week for New York via Ocean Steamship Company leaving Savannah Fri York (New Pier 35. North RI< days Sundays and Tuesdays The Boston and Savannah Steamship Company's steamers will leave Boston every Thursday at
Two connections week for Baltimore Merchants' and Miners' Transportation Company 3 p. m. for Savannah direct,making connection on the dock at Savannah with last freight trains for
leaving Savannah every Wednesday and Saturday. all point in Florida.
Connections for Boston via Boston and Savannah Steamship Company leaving Savannah every From Philadelphia via Ocean Steamship Co.,for Savannah September "th.October 9th, October
Thursday.Connections. 19th and every ten data thereafter.
for Philadelphia every ten days via Ocean Steamship Company. leaving Savannah Prom Baltimore via Merchants and Miners'Transportation Co.. every Tnosday and Friday,
September J4th and October 4th, Ute making close connection' with S., F. & W. Ry., for all points in Florida.
Sailing days for Steamships are subject to change: without notice. _.

The Florida Dispatch Line Is the quickest and best freight route:rrom all points North, East and West to Florida. For full particulars, rates, stencils and shipping
receipts apply to any agents of the above lines, or to' *
O. OWENS,Truffle Manager, Savannah, Oa. F. II. APT, Division Freight"\Kent.;SaYaDDah, Oatv.. M. DAVIDSON, Gen'l Passenger Aft.,Jacksonville, Fla
F 8. KNIGHT, Contracting Freight Agent,Jacks tnvllle, Fla. J. II. STEPHENS, Contracting Agent, Jacksonville, Flo

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11 11It

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THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GKOWKK. 618
I .
--- H
IlORJPA where I obtained buds.! Possibly birds naturalists. Let us hope that next manure. Where the trees seem
iTGROWERRI4ERY brought the eggs, perhaps from the time a bill for the same object is laid thrifty and blossom freely, but do
& U islands. I before the House that our legislators not perfect their fruit, potash, eitheras
\ The fly seems to be spreading allover I will have more statesmanship in them wood ashes or in the form of Ger-
the State; it is in a number of I than to scoff at it. man potash salts, is needed. In the
S. POWERS, Publisher & Proprietor. groves in this vicinity. It is the worst I 1 JAMES H. LESLIE. vineyards of France potash is the
-- .-- ----- -- pest I have had to contend with, and Sumter Connty. only manure used, and a good deal
TERMS! OF SUBSCRIPTION if one has a livelier bug I am During the past year there has been of this comes from burning the annual
For One Year .. .. .........................fi.oo any marked increase of in Bradford
a rats from the vine. It is
For Six Months...... .... .............. ..... i.oo sorry for him.I trimmings likely
In Foreign Countries ..... ............ .....3.00 have one ray of hope. Friend county. In the village where the that this does not furnish enough
STS bscriptions in all cases cash in Montague, of Port Orange, fifteen writer lives they have become so bold potash and phosphate required by the
advance. No discount
Huhscription(except allowed in a club on), but one'sown to miles south of me, tells me they had and aggressive that they climb up the vine to perfect its fruit. This may be
all agents a liberal cash commission the same white fly and smut in their sides of houses and enter between the one of the reasons for the increasing
>M) allowed on all subscriptions obtained groves at that place sixteen years ago slats of the shutters in the night. But difficulties in vine and grape growingin
by them. \Vrlto for terms. and that he went away of his own this can hardly be due to any lessen Europe. Yet so strong is the opposition
To every new subscriber we will send, accord.I ing of the numbers of the alligators, to the use of stable manure
postpaid! a copyor'hitner's uGarden-
ing in Florida." For two new sub- am now keeping very still and not since there are- none- nearer- than for vines in the wine-making districts
scribers, at $2.00 each, wo will send, molesting him, hoping he will goI I Kingsley Lake, which is six miles I that these would not be resorted to in
{postpaid( a copy of Moore's "Orange away; almost leaning on the adviceof distant. Still, there seems to be little ,any event. Why should we nut be
Culture." our worthy and much beloved doubt that the alligator, on the whole, I equally guarded against using stable
Rates Remittances of advertising should he on made application.by check, President, Dudley W. Adams, in regard is friendly to man rather than hostile. manures for apple orchards, now that
postal note money order or registered to scale, "Let him alone and blight attacks both leaf and fruit ?-
letter to order of some bug will come along and eat Why Growing Fruit Rots. American Cultivator.
P4ltVFat AND. Fit UJT QltOrLR.Jacksonville. .
nim C. A. BACON.
up. The greater prevalence of rot in
Fla. .
in Culture II.
"Number Nine" Ormond... .., Fla., Sept 10, '93. recent years seems to be owing to Questions Orango -
-- --- B----
I the lessened proportion of mineral loth Question. Has been: partially;
C POlle and Orchard, Preserve the Alligators-Of Inter- fertility in the soil.Ml fruit trees answered in the ninth. "Grape. fruitis
---- est to Orange Growers. are large consumers of mineral plant as tender as the sweetes." "Sweet
Tho White Fly (Aleyrodes). Kdltor Farmer and Fruit Grower food, especally of potash. Theyuse seedling a failure. "No difference
BJitor Farmer and Fruit Grower : A good many readers of the FRUIT so much while the fruit is per between sour and bitter sweet stocks."
You ask me to give you my latest GROWER would doubtless be greatly fecting its seeds and ripening that "Shaddock difficult to bud. "Buds
conclusions in regard to remedies for pleased with your article "Protect the unless extra supplies are furnished grow best on shaddock but its quali
. the white fly. There are probably Alligator" in your last issue. In con for this season the fruit cannot pro. ties so closely resemble: the sweet orange .
others that could give you the resultof nectton with the subject I send you a gress. In this stand still condition that little is gained." "Shad
more experiments than I, but we quotation from a British paper which disease, either mildew or rot, is docks will not withstand the action of
think the answer in all cases\ would be I have just received : pretty certain to attack either leaf or water about its roots. "The sweet '
the same, "They a e very persistent." "The corporation of Bombay having fruit or both. When the countrywas orange 01 today has degenerated so
( .) decided to adopt means for the extermination new, mineral fertility was plen tar that it is impossible to get a healthy
many letters from par of crocodiles, the officerof tiful, not merely by the decay of stock." "Tne shaddock has a tendency
ties in many parts of the State who health is stated to have protested vegetable matter, but by the large to sore skin "Shaddock
have tried different solutions, and we against this decision, as these animalsare supplies of ashes from burnt logs, grows to be a larger tree, has more
have come to the conclusion that the the best and only scavengers possible stumps and tops of the original forest, roots, bears a larger orange and less
decoction we used will have the best of the water reservoirs in which were burned as the trees liable to disease." "Am experiment.
effect. (See F. & F. G., August 19.) which they dwell, for they clear were felled to get rid of them. Fruits ing with tnfoliata, think it will proveto
We have fewer flies this season than away all obnoxious substances which were grown then without difficulty, be the best." The pomelo I have
last, and there is much less of the there are no human means of remov- and not subject to the diseases that good reason to believe will prove a
smut; but we have very little fruit on ing." now attack them. That there are desirable stock in Louisiana." Tri-
any of our trees.Ve can hardly lay Man is a clever animal and does injurious insects now that did not tohata hardiest stock known, its only
the lack of fruit to the flies, for one some wonderful things, but, unfortu- harm fruit in olden time is a different fault is a dwarfed habit, but when un
of our groves where there are no flies nately, he sometimes makes mistakes, matter. The insects can be gotten derstood, no fault; more trees on same
has but little fruit.Ve are inclinedto notably so in interfering with the rid of more easily than long cultivatedsoil acreage, crop gathered with less difficulty -
think the lack of fruit is caused by economy of nature. With the best can be restored to its old fertility.As and trees less injured by high
the extreme drouth we have" ad for intentions he introduced the house- land loses its vegetable matter winds, stand more cold and neglect,
the past_ three years. Possibly the sparrow to our own country and the bv cultivation. what mineral- fertility insects no liking for this variety."
spraying we gave the trees last season rabbit to Australia-and the end of it holds becomes insoluble and una our orange slow growth." "Have
had something to do with it, and the these things is not yet. I live on the vailable. It is a good thing that it docs. budded sweet upon sweet and find
flies and drouth all together caused an west side of Lake Panasoffkee and This is the effort of nature to lock up they do well." "Sour orange more
"off year." have had ample opportunity to note something of the soil's fertility so in the nature of a tree and hence best
One of your correspondents last that today there is not one alligatorfor that wasteful farming methods shall stock." "Lemon, shaddock and trifo-
fall said: "The white fly is nothing; a I fifty that were there seven years not wholly deplete it. But in a partly liata are good; it is an error to believe
shower: of tobacco juice will clean I ago-a result of the indiscriminate exhausted soil minerals, and especially because the trifoliata is the hardiest
them oui. Now that man either slaughter for their hides. And whatis potash, must be applied at least that it will make also hardier trees,
spoke too quick or he had not tried it the consequence? For the last few every year, so that the trees can use unless we graft on large grown trees
at all, for the white fly seems to thriveon years the common rat has been in this needed plant food before it goes which will take 8 or 10 years to get; it
tobacco juice. When 'I hear a creasing in numbers and in depreda- into insoluble forms. If this is not is too slow." "Sour not subject to
man poo-poo the white bug I smile, tions. In my budded grove the trees done the fruit may show a deficiencyin root disease; shaddock tootender to
for I know him. have low spreading heads and the rats color, though chemical analysismay stand cold." The above are extracts
If you have not had him but should climb up them, cut off the fruit and prove that the soil has enoughand from our Louisiana correspondents.
chance to see him on one of your trees devour them. On that account I have to spare of what the tree requires. nth Question. The majority of
go at once and build an air-tight tank found it necessary for the last two This is especially so in times of replies favor spring budding, as
of boiler iron around that tree and years to give encouragement to various drought. If there be plenty of waterin soon as the tree is in "good
burn sulphur inside till you kill the kinds of snakes, and I find they are the soil it will unite with decaying sap" and danger from frost
tree, then the bug will die. keeping the rats in check; but of the vegetable matter and be filled with over. Twenty.five per cent. preferfall
The fly impoverishes the tree badly; two kinds of animals I much preferthe carbonic acid gas. This is an excel. budding, with dormant buds
about one half the inside leaves on the alligator:: as an ally in keeping lent solvent, not to wash away fertil- through the winter and an early
trees most affected fell off last! fall, so down the rats, but, alas, I have no ity, but to hold it so that roots of growth in the spring. One prefersfall
that you could see through the tops of choice in the matter.I I plants can get it from the soil. budding because of danger from
Mandarin trees, which are usuallymost think it was two years ago that a The mistake that most fruit growers freezing of a tender spring budgrowth.
affected. The fly seems to like bill was introduced in our Florida make in renovating old orchards is too Another says, 'on very large trees
shade.I Legislature for the protection of the great dependence on stable manure.If grafting in the bark gives: best results
first discovered them under palmetto alligator, and, would you believe it, the leaf of the tree shows lack of f and early spring best time for such."
trees. Cannot understand where I our worthy lawmakers laughed the thriftiness some nitrogenous fertilizer A few say "any time during the year
they came from, for there are no groves bill out of existence, as if it were an may be useful, but even in that case a when bark will slip." Another, "I
within two miles of my place. Cannot excellent joke! They may have been good dressing of potash and phos object to dormant buds-liable to
learn that there are any flies at places politicians; they certainly were not phate ought always to accompany the: (reezeand labor lost." One correspond-



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619 THE ,FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.

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ent prefers June budding. The evi. hackberries and Osage oranges, being -THE-
dence adduced above shows that deciduous trees, would only be bene-
spring budding is most generally fol. ficial in summer. By Japan plum, S.COMPANY
lowed, with fall budding for dormant mentioned above, is probably: meant
buds. the Loquat or Mespilus plum (Eriob- ,
12th Question. Is almost univer otrya Japonica), wrongly called the JACKSONVILLE FLA.
sally answered in the nursery, to save Japan plum. ,
time, labor and expense. Some few 20th Question. In Louisiana the HARDWARE AND STOVES
say, small trees in nursery, large Creole seedlings constitute the bulk ,

ones in grove." Another, in orchard, of our orchards. Recently a number DOORS, SASH, BLINDS, PAINTS, OILS AND VARNISH.
provided stock has been twice transplanted of improved varieties have been intro
S.
"' 6.v MILL HUI.--I.-'LII
and another, "orchard when duced and are being rapidly propa- We StateAgents We Have
are
five years old." gated. The Brazilian, Mediterranean for the '
13th Question. All prefer the common sweet, Washington navel, Jaffa, Mil- One n so W r I1UKSK.: HAY RAKES

eye or shield budding for small tese blood, China sweet, Du Roi t = In stock.
trees and sprig budding for large and Maltese oval are the varieties BUCKEYEMOWERS ..:S=-; r I ft and 11 Jrrl 7rM,".
ones. In shield budding over 75 percent mentioned by our correspondents as : 1 The 6 foot Is suitable
prefer to have horizontal cut having been planted extensively. Of ,:;. J"' _, for use In
made at the bottom of the incision these, the Jaffa and Brazilian are A fotujtlftf iitofk of i ( ORANGE GROVES.
_
and the bud inserted upwards, be highly commended. Tangerines, Mtnrrra and
cause "in rainy weather the water Mandarins and Satsumas are extensively 1l1u'r.' 'on/ I'rlrr/
does not injure the bud so much" grown. In our home markets, WE CARRY A COMPLETE STOCK OF THE FAMOUS
and "the return sap in the lignum one correspondent says: "Any well T E iA S R A. IV 013 PL.O' -V rws
will the more readily congeal with the developed, perfectly grown orange ./ Full Line of itrjHtlm' for .'in", ..
sap in the bark." A majority rec will sell well. Appearance goes fur- Acme Orange Grove and Two-Horse Pulverizing Harrows, the Boy
ommend waxed strips to tie the bud ther with an orange than any other Dixie Cast Plows, and a full line of Farm and Agricultural Implementof
with, while one uses Mexican grass." fruit." Another says: "Quantity, not all descriptions. Agents for the Planet Jr. Horse and Hand Tools, sold
All distances from the ground, from 2 quality, is desired. The Mandarinsand at factory prices. Send for catalogues.
to 12 inches, are recommended.14th Satsumas are favorites in the
Question. All agree that the markets." Our Flo-ida correspond.
percentage of buds which live will ents mention a long list of varieties
depend largely upon the skill of the grown in that State, with the followingas
operator, the vigor of the stocks, the favorites: Jaffa, Majorca, St. Michael
season of the year and the conditionof Stark's Seedless, Maltese
the weather. Under favorable Blood, Hart's Tardiff, Boone's Early,
circumstances 90 per cent. should Ruby, Mediterranean Sweet, Homo-
live. sassa, Magnum Bonum, Parson
15th Question. The consensus of Brown, with Tangerines and Manda
rins. The Bloods, Navels and Tangerines .
replies is against pruning-"only to
sell best in Florida.
dead branches water
remove sprouts,
a limb which is abrading another, or 21St Question. Nearly every kr1
some unshapely limb (best done with grower in Louisana reports presenceof
thumb and finger), lower limbs resting one or more scale insets. Mal
on ground." de goma (sore shin) is reported from

i6th Question. All kinds of fertilizers nearly every seedling grove. From fyJMii1: : f J -r. > ... =-.#
Florida the "die back" and "limbblight"
used domestic and com
arc -
meroial-cotton seed, cotton seed is reported. See entomological JH. HORSE HOB WITH LEVER AND I.F.VER WHEEL
report in reference to scales.
meal, cow and stable manures, bone,
22d Mal de
Question. is
potassic manures, blood, acid phosphate reported from nearly every orchard goma of IRRIGATING MACHINERYBOTH
and clover. In Lou.
cow peas
) sweet No is
seedlings. remedy given
isiana no systematic fertilization of STEAM HORSE AND HAND POWER.
from Louisiana. A Florida -
nurseryman
the In Florida a
groves prevails. says the remedy is "wide planting Carry a stock T)>f Steam Pumps, Boilers '
mixture of "blood, bone and potash" .
seems to be universally used. no pruning, proper "fertilizationand I Wrought and Galvanized Pipe, Valves.
selection of right soil.
17th Question. One surprising factis -*-. Fittings,Hose, Etc. Estimates furnishedfor
brought out by our Florida corre- We were over on the Indian river Plants put in complete and guar-

spondents. Only one uses cow peasas last month and saw a thirty seven acre { anteed satisfactory. Hand Spraying
a green crop in the orchard. Most patch of pineapples, with 17,000 to the : } Pumps of description. Send for
every
of them keep their orchards clean until acre, so thick that we fancy one would ,
when the begins and breeches Catalogue of How and When to Spray.
June, rainy season need sheet-iron boots togo I
and then permit the crab grass and into such a compact mass of sharp i iI Nozzles, Pipe, etc., made to order in our
beggar weeds to take the orchard, I edged leaves. Is land so high on In t; machine shop.
which are subsequently mown and dian river that pineapples cannot be
permitted to rot on the groundneverturned : planted in four rows to the plat, witha c .
in. One distinguished nurseryman space between them for ease of cul-
says : "Never permit use of cow tivation and gathering, as we are doingin
peas; it injures trees to turn under our section?-I'abor I Lake Pineapple. -
green manures." In Louisiana nearly .
every one uses cow peas, some pumpkins ---......----
others vegetables among young Mr. J. O. Fries, our efficient County -
trees, others clover, etc. Surveyor, is busily engaged in -.i.wtf
18th Question. Every reply favors draining the lands of the Apopka Saw _
cultivation when orchard is not downin Grass Company, which great task hee.
some green crop. pects to complete in about three
19th Question. Very few have any weeks. lie has been working between .

practical experience. Several have eighty and ninety hands and .-. 1j
natural willow woods on the sides of his pay roll for last week and this will -- -
the grove and believe they are bene amount to over 1000. These lands AGENTS

ficial. The following plants are rec. will be very valuable when drained, Ii1'o'WI.E S' S' Eu.' PUl\JII?: S.
ommended as suitable for windbreaks: and we are glad to see so much enterprise
All Letter .\I.n "r..1 the I)", they are 11.'cc1ved.
Red cedar, Cherokee rose, willows, shown and money put in circulation -
hackberries, Japan plums ((1)), ligus- at this time when it is so THE S. B. HUBBARD COMPANY:
trum or Chinese privet, Osage orange I much needed and can be appreciated. ,

and camphor trees. Of the above, I -Orlando Sentinel. JACKSONVILLE. FLA. ".

1J

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FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. 620

.

Crimson Clover for tho Orange Any growing crop which occupiesthe The Philosophy of Mulch. and effective the surplus store of

Grovo. ground during September, October Few substances are equal to dry phosphoric acid.A .
and November the single line of investigation now in
This is also called scarlet annual preserves clay as an absorber and condenser of
,
German Italian clover Trifolium valuable nitrates; which, according to gases; and at one time it was supposedthat progress but far from conclusive, indicates -
or (
Lawes and Gilbert, would be washed in this way-by bringing the nitrogen I that the long continued use of
infarnatum and it has such
good results), in orchards in given Delaware, into the subsoil or drains if fields lie and oxygen of the atmosphereinto I acid phosphates upon light, sandy

and that have. in the condition usually seen in grain closer connection a union was lands may be injurious by changingthe
Maryland Virginia we
it worth while growing countries. Of all crops for compelled and nitric acid formed physical character of the soil, ren

thought facts regarding it with to a present view to some its this purpose the clover excels, for if and consequently ammonia produced, dering it looser and more sandy. It
t
in the available nitrates in the groundare the great stimulant and promoter of may be that some qualification of the
use orange groves: not sufficient for its development, vegetation. foregoing statements will be necessary,
It is and thrives
very hardy upon then like the but present knowledge of the subject
soil a leguminous plant There were many facts inconsistentwith
too light to yield satisfactory
cropsof clover and Atwater justifies o ly this brief allusion to it.
red white clover. On suitable as Hellriegel this explanation which receive
or I
have demonstated, can take care of ready solution from recent discoveriesof The whole field of soil physics is comparatively *
soil the is
yield one to two tons
The per of itself, having the peculiar power of: the part insect life takes in the manipulation unexplored, but is receiving -
acre at one cutting. quality
its indirectly (from more and more attention. From
nitrogen soils
the hay is fully equal to that of red securing of and more recentlystill
the air. studies in that line much maybe expected -
the revelations of the microscope
of
clover. The yield seed is larger
than that of other clover. '1 he To make the chain complete, prac -showing that beneath the surface of practical value, bearing directly -
any
seed is worth about ten cents per cal men report that scarlet clover peculiar ferments, in a word, bacteria, upon tillage and the applicationof

pound. Commercial samples ol this decays, under ground, (far more rapidly are at work evolving nitric acid. manures and fertilizers.Maryland
than other varieties familiar in State Bulletin.
The life of these bacteria, however,
seed of
are generally good quality. .
Delaware agriculture, and by decay depends favorable circumstances,
upon
Good seed should have purity, 95 per Scale Insects.
ing liberates its stores of nitrogen, them shade and moisture.
cent.; vitality, 90 per cent. One among Mr. T. D. A. Cockerel, in the Agricultural
pound contains about seeds. phosphoric acid and potash for the Hence, comes in again the manner of
140,000 Record the official
One bushel use of any crops which may follow in acting of mulch. Any kind of shade is journalof
weighs sixty pounds.
the Central Agricultural Board of
the rotation. a protection to the soil. Shaded by the
When sown alone one acre requires Trinidad for December
1892 publishes

and debris of the trees our
fifteen to twenty pounds of good seed. EFFECTS IN ORCHARDS. foliage a general article on the subject
forests flourish with ever increasing
Crimson clover has a peculiar and Regarding the effects on the trees fertility. Under old houses it is well of Coccidae, or scale insects, which

very great value for the light soils of the following abstract trom the trans. known ammonia accumulates, but possess more than passing interest.He .
the cotton belt. In this region the actions of the Peninsula Horticultural defines the group, discusses their
only this discovery of the nitric acid
ground seldom freezes to a greater Society, for 1891, is indicath'c.Ir.:\ bacteria shows a reason for it. destructiveness, the methods of destroying

depth than a few inches, or remains J. \\'. Kcer, of Denton, Md., states : Plowing, whilst it turns and exposes them, the natural enemies,

frozen longer than a day or two at a 'On a part of my orchard I used 600 the soil to the destructive up and how they are spread by human

time. From such soils the residue of pounds of a high grade phosphate, put energyof means. J He considers that while
heat and light forms a coating of
the costly nitrates supplied in manure up by IJaugh Sons & Co., of Phila those who have attributed the deathof
dry dust, under the shade of which,
for the summer crop very readily leach delphia. Alonside of this I turned the Cocoa Palm to scale-insects
a little deeper down the vivifying bac-
unless there under in the of scarlet have over-estimated the influence
away are growing plantsto spring a crop teria still work and a sufficient probably
take them up. Hardy plants like clover. At first the trees dressed stock may of moisture be preserved. of the insects, in general their

crimson clover grow well (except fora with the phosphate made the more damage is frequently underestimated.In .
These (facts explain !ome other heretofore
few days after each "cold wave") favorable growth. Later, however, puzzling observations. Accord case of small plants death may

during the winter and may be utilizedas the trees manured with the clover speedily ensue, and in the case of
ing to the old chemical notions of the
pasturage, or, if left until spring, excelled and in the end surpassed the soil changes-to lie out fallow alone larger ones the vitality and consequentfruit

will furnish a good crop of hay or others. The phosphated trees ceasedto ought to give time for land to yield are greatly reduced. To
about the first of but recupe. the that drain the fruit
green manure. grow August, objection a on
rate by tree its potash and phosphorus
It is a rank grower at one stage of at that time those manured with the setting as a of disinte production is not necessarily harmful,

its development; stools to an unusual clover were doing their best. They gration. But consequence it is well known that if and that we are obliged to check exuberant .

degree when opportunity offers; at remained green and vigorous and the ground is perfectly bare it will be growth by pruning he replies

tains oftentimes to a height of two ripened their wood perfectly, while impoverished by rest. Shade it by that the purpose of pruning is not so
feet; is characterized by a brilliant the phosphated trees turned yellow or much to check the energies of the
clover vines-anything, andit
,
scarlet blossom; will easily yield per were defoliated. I would rather have grass will improve.Not plant as to divert them to fruit and

acre eight tons of green fodder if cut one crop of this clover to plow under denying the possibility of the flowers, while Coccidae attack not

between the 5th and loth of May in than two crops of cow pea vine. adding to fertility by only the fruiting branches but the
of four Before the of scarlet clover green crops fruit itself the it is
Delaware; roots to a depth days bringing to the surface the injuring very parts
unfavorable soil and for Kent orchardists state that necessary desired Of the (fourteen
feet even: in ; County mineral salts, and by adding to the to protect.
silage, hay, and to plow down for their orders to their men were, 'cul-- stock of humus, it is insisted that the species which attack citrus plants in

green manure compares| well, under tivate the orchards and the corn c nee shade is for the the United States, he finds that eleven
yet necessary preser-
favorable conditions, with any leguminous each week. If you can't go over both, vation of these and (for the evolutionof occur in Jamaica.-Insect Life.
.
.
crop. then neglect the corn. At present --- .0. .-'---
nitric acid and ammonia. Herein
In comparison with ordinary red they plow down a clover crop and lies the rationale of mulch and the Best Peaches for West Florida.

clover,. its most marked pecularitics harrow the lands possibly once or secret of successful( tillage of the soil. The Walton County Breeze publishes

are: twice. It is understood from conversations -Laurence C. Johnson, in toe Southern the proceedings of the West

1. Its ability to flourish on relatively that this is also their practice Live Stock Journal. Highland Fruit Growers' Association. .

poor soils. in orchards from which they have At the last meeting they adopted the

2. Its development during the fall, taken most of the clover for silage, Continuous Use of Phosphoric Acid. following two lists, the first embracing
winter and spring. seed and hay making. The effects of varieties the best suited to planting in

Growing: at a time of year when the clover are to render the soil loose The lesson 'aught by the facts and the commercial orchard for shipmentto

most of our foul weeds are in seed, it and porous, to reduce the weed crop, considerations given in the bulletin distant market. The second list

escapes one danger, and provided with I and to so enrich the soil that excessive seems to be- embraces varieties ripening in succes-

an unusually well developed root system I tillage is no longer either necessary or To keep on using phosphates, in sion and in addition to those in shipping

it finds sufficient food when the desirable. Estimates as to the amount generous quantity without apprehension. list are very desirable for home

red clover would be on half rations.As of the saving thereby effected varied Yet, if phosphates are largely

to the necessity of co\'eriU1l1he widely; "one-half the former outlay" used through a series of years, the use.Shipping List-Alexander, Early

seed, opinions differ widely successes seemed a verdict criticized by no one; time may come when the soil holds Crawford, Elberta, Late Crawford and

and failures being freely credited to claims far exceeding such amounts not only a surplus of phosphoric acid, Piquet's late.Family .

and charged against each method. were freely made. but so much as to be superfluous.This List-Sneed, Japan Dwarf

Failures in securing a stand are will be plainly shown in practiceby Blood, Pallas Mountain Rose, Beatrice

most frequently charged by practicalmen To MAKE CORKS WATER TIGHT.- the failure of further applicationsof Columbia and General Lee.

to heavy, beating rains, closely Corks may be made air and watertightby phosphate to produce an effect. If -
the day of seeding. As keeping them for five minutes this condition is reached it should be The South Florida Stock Breeders'
following be observed then phosphatic Association met at Dade City and deposited
eminent Southern writer expressesit under melted paraffine; they must promptly ;
one however the damage is generally kept down with a wire screen. These applications should be entirely omittedfor $100 in the Bank of Pasco

caused by the, intense heat of the sun I corks have a perfectly smooth surface, a time. And potash, lime, and County, to be used as a reward for

feWewing) the rainstorm and fal1ingpoo I and may be introduced or drawn out very likely nitrogen, will then prove the arrest and conviction of stock
to make more available thieves.THE .
the sprouting seed. easily, and seal perfectly. profitable, .

.
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621 THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.
...-.....

J. A I Y.X. LITTLE, President.
LOCKIIAUT LITTL, Secretary and Treasurer


LITTLE BRO'S' FERTILIZER AND PHOSPffiTE COMPLY,,


( LIMITED. ) .

JACKSONVILLE:, FLORIDA .


l\'IANUE'ACTURERS OF


"'-- lIIGII <
G111\DE --.. FE11TILIZE11S



FOR ALL CbHSSES OF TREES AND PIlflfiTS.

IMPORTERS OF POTASHES, NITRATES, and the famous CALCUTTA BONE. The largest stock of FERTILIZER MATERIAL in the South

A Special Invitation Extended to All to Visit Our Factory. PROMPT SHIPMENTS. GREAT CARE AND ATTENTION GIVEN TO ALL ORDERS.

OFFICE, 24 EAST RAY STREET. JACKSONVILLE FLA.
FACTORY. SOUTH JACKSONVILLE. PL A..
r -- ---- -- -
-

FRMERRJDRCIER] > in to fill the vacancy, and all summer I j ing the land (which now must be too Tho Seed BURl' oss.
long the fight on. The hoe is
goes
wet for but of
), forcing
-- many crops
one ol those ebeian too.s which Secretary Morton has taken one step
p
The Slavery of tho Hoe. these pests to seek new pastures.
farmers seldom and toward reform in the garden-seed humbug .
A writer in the Rural New Yorker for many sharpen, Again, the growing of some crop that which has been carried the
I a man to take a file to the field to would on by
draws a picture which is even truer of require frequent cultivation
Agricultural Department The
it
keep in order would be regarded as so long.
the South. Yet after all New would doubtless soon discourage them
England
hard on the hoe; it would wear out government has paid thousands of
and the South which are weddedto too fast. and cause them to leave. dollars for common seeds that were

the hoe, have passed through the ---e- too old to do good anywhere and sent
late panic far sohder than the West, "Crawfish Land. A Fino Rico Field.In them to sections of the country where
which had its barnyards full of gim- This is a term applied to low wet the agricultural line nothing they would have been useful if they
crack machines rotting in the sun andrain soils which are inhabited by a speciesof could be imagined more beautiful had been fresh, and cords of them
: burrowing crawfish, probably camt t than the 12.acre rice farm of Col. C. have lain in the offices of Congressmen -
"As for the hoe he said that tool barus diogenes. It is a great annoyanceto L.1 Peek, situated on the south shoreof until they were eaten by rats or
had driven more men West than all the strawberry grower to find a Sampson lake, seven miles south weevils, and some few friends have
other causes put together. When 1 chimney built over night beside or west of this city. been supplied with seeds for their gar-
look about me now I think he was upon a plant, covering it out of sight. This farm is located on some ol the dens out of the lot. The original idea
right. The hoe is still the threat im The holes vary with the size of the rich muck lands re-claimed by the was to test new varieties in different
plement of torture in New England animals, being three quarters of an I Florida Muck Land Company, which parts of the country, but now that we
as well. for the boys' backs as for the inch to an inch and a hall in diameter. corporation, by a series of canals, suc have experiment stations in nearly
lusty weeds. It is responsible for more The chimneys are from two to six ceeded a few years ago in re claiming every State, where such things can be
bent shoulders and stooping forms than inches high and nearly as broad, and several thousand acres of the finest tested with care and skill, there is no
all other causes combined. It is today consist of ridges of dried mud. The I farming: lands in this or any other excuse for sending out more than
the bte noir of Eastern farming, anda burrows extend straight downwardfrom State. enough for the stations to test. Secretary -
short sojourn in beautiful New Eng six inches to three feet or more, The rows are planted so closely Morton[ has made a move in
land in June will prove it. even into the subsoil. For several that standing on the side of the this direction. Hereafter no seeds
"Take the potato field, for instance.We inches from the bottom the burrow is "green sea' one would think that it will be issued to city Congressmen,
break* up a piece in late fall or filled with dirty water or mud into was broadcasted as in planting oats. while those to rural Representativeswill
spring, hdrrow it with a spring toothor which the creature retreats when dis Good judges of rice estimate that be reduced in quantity, and the
some other surface-scratcher and turbed. Colonel Peek will get at least a thou. i seeds that would have been supplied
furrow it about two inches deep. The These burrowing crawfish are sand bushels from his twelve acres. them will be sent to the several agricultural
potatoes are now dropped and about i always found near bodies of water This means a bank account of at least experiment stations to be dis-
all the loose soil is hoed over them. which usually overflow and cover the $750. For cultivation of the crop tributed by them. Only those seeds
The 'old man' has attended to the job burrows at some season of the year. he has expended $60. This is very will be sent to the different stations
thus far, but now he turns the piece I As the dry season comes and the water good interest on the capital invested. that are peculiarly adapted to the soil
over to the 'boys.' The field lies thus recedes, the burrow is extended deep. Adjoii ing the rice Colonel Peek and climate of the locality.
till the vines come up, and the inverted er and deeper, keeping the bottom in has one of the prettiest pear nurseriesin .
sod also, which, left alone, has recov the wet portion of the soil These Florida. In another corner he is To Destroy Moles.
ered from its somersiult= and is i curious be found in
growing creatures are to experimenting with corn and cotton.
The best
I poison for moles is strych-
backward as fast as manure of the South and i Both have The
green many parts even as proved successes. nine mixed with Fasten .
and warm weather can make it. Now far north as northern Illinois, where corn has two or three good ears to sugar. a paper
funnel to the end of a quill or small
comes the universal scratching with their chimneys form mounds. They the stalk and the cotton is heavy tube. With a sharp-pointed stick makea
hoes, which will torment all hands till sometimes do considerable damage by fruited. These experiments prove the
small hole into the insert
haying comes on, and the weeds finallyget burrowing in the levees along the lands to be adapted to all kinds of the tube and in a runway small ,
quantityof
the under hand. All the loose Mississippi. Some farmers think they) crops.A the poisoned pour sugar.-Farm and
earth is now hoed over the hills in the are a benefit to the soil by keeping it little examination as to the depthof Fireside.
frantic race till it is shaped like the open and porous and this may be i soil shows that ten feet of the solid -e- T
pyramid of Ghizeh, and, in nine cases true in certain instances. The feeding muck underlies the surface, and it is The editor of the Bartow Courierhas
out of ten, all this digging is in vain, habits of the animals are not little wonder that such magnificent seen a genuine crocodile, whichwas
and a scant crop of too bushels re- recorded, but most of them feed upon vegetation should follow a little labor killed in the Everglades and
wards the toiling wielder of the hoe. other animals. These burrowing I bestowed upon it. I stuffed. He says: "The: difference
No wonder the boys want to go West forms, however, may feed upon the On the drive between this city and I between the crocodile and the plebian
after all this labor, with so trifling a succulent crops upon the land, and Sampson lake are situated some of the 'gator is very striking. The head is
return. thus do considerable damage. On finest, most thrifty orange groves in long and pointed; the upper jaw is
"We (plant our corn in patches, not the whole, the land and crops will Florida. The writer has seen the hinged instead of the lower and it
strips, and do it with a one horse ma doubtless be better off if the creatures best of the South Florida groves, none works as fast as a Florida lawyer's. It
chine, without pole or. shafts, attachedto are driven out. How can this can be I of which excel the 40-acre grove owned has only a single row of teeth, which
the whiftletree i b) a foot of chain, done? As they are found only near by Mrs.[ E. Strong. come through at the roots, showing
and no snake ever crawled so crookeda streams in low, very wet places whichare Very little fertilizer is used on these knobs on the Outside of the bone."
course as this thing does over the usually overflowed at some season groves and the trees have the finest --...- -0"
corn field. It is impossible to cultivate of the year, it would seem that color, while the fruit is perfectly See our Dandy Garden plow pre.
clean by machinery a field so thorough draining would prove a very formed and free from rust.-Starke mium. It will do half as much.
planted, and here again the hoe comes practical method of not only irnprov- Telegraph. work as a horse plow. i,


1,
.,,


JI I J



,
THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. 622

-
-

handle, which my father wielded witha pense, of course, I have no objection.That will decide what shall be its body
Lh'etoc \. blue vengeance. is his own affair. color, leg color shape of comb shapeof
Such brutes often devour their own s. w. C. body, color of flesh, sitting pro
young, which thing is one of the Frost Proof-, FU. .. _ pensities, weight, and then maybe the
-- --
A SWINE HATER. cursed characteristics of the species, Limo for Stock. breeders would offer at its meetings
and enough of itself, among civilized Editor Fanner and Fruit Grower: (fowls bred as our article states, and
Bo Blows a Counterblast Against people, to grade down the hog so lowas In your issue! of September 9th is in that way we would soon revel
tho Razorback. a food that only dogs and other scavengers an article, "Lime for Stock." among the flocks of general purpose
Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: should feed upon them. No After reading the article it occursto fowls.-Am. Poultry Journal.
diet or meat on earth is so deleteriousto ..
I know the razorback. I ----- ----
am a native me whether the absence of lime in
of the South. I formed his healthbreeding such loathsome diseases the soil and water on our pine landsin A Tost With Laying: Hens.
acquaintance nearly sixty years ago.I as swine's flesh. I, myself ama South Florida may not account for Perhaps it is safe in stating that a
have known the Southern his lifelong sufferer from the use of it of those who .
hog at the trouble we have had with our large majority keep poultry
best and his sad from early childhood up to manhood, the that in
at worst by experience mules going lame. Will some of your are o opinion order to
and painful observation from and only escaped a premature grave correspondents give the best form to have the hens under the best condi-
childhood up to the gray of sixty and by dropping it years ago. No diet furnish lime to our animals. tions for laying a male must be in the
three years and I am thoroughly I which requires over five hours for its GEO. FROST. yard with them. If eggs are desired
convinced that he is the bane of! the digestion has any business in the Itoftton and Altamonte Springs.Poultry. I with the object of hatching Chicks it is
stomach of anything but a dog or a __ __ __ __ I
--
farther South and that he gives the -- -- --- necessary to have a male with the
poorest returns on the various invest. I vulture or something close akin. No > hens, but a< hens will lay as many
ments in hIm and on the consequencesof I wonder that the devils were permittedto eggs when no males are present as
keeping and appropriating him of drown at one rush, a whole herd of ""-"""- when with them, the feeding of a lot
all domestic beasts. many swine, and if the last pig on Edited by E.W. AMSDEN, Ormond, Fla.t of useless males may be discarded. '
the terra firma then had been "m the -- -"'" Recent Mr. W.
Running at large hog causes experiments by P.
more personal and family 'embroil swim" the permission no doubt, would Poultry Brooding.We Wheeler, at the New York Experiment
menu, does more damage to our temporalities have been only the more praiseworthyto will first talk about mating for Station, Geneva, in which he selected
our morals and our health all men but those who live so nearlyon sex.Ve all know how disappointing. four yards of pullets, in order to test
than all other stock tolerated by or hog alone, and want, too, all the it is to hatch a fine lot of chicks and 1 the value of the males, demonstratedthat
civilized I He has world's dirt outside their fences for him have them males .
among men. per turn out 70 per cent males. are entirely unnecessary.In
meated and debauched the piney to root a p.My The rule that a large flock of hens will fact, the pullets in yards containingno
woods civilization. The neighborhood experience is only in common yield more pullets has not been the males not only layed more eggs
traditions and the agricultural legisla with hundreds of hog men in the writer's experience, having bred fancy than did the pullets that were with
tion of Florida are redolent of the South. I could give the reader some poultry for several years. I have noted males but also produced eggs at less
hog, and the thin grease of the razorback reliable dots on Major Campbell's the following: A pen of ten hens and
drips from forty statutes. "6ne, spontaneous hog feed," but one cock hatched nearly all males; ina cost.The demonstration of this (fact byan
The (aces of the piney woods dwellers were it universally so the year round pen of three hens and one cock the actual test will effect a revolutionin
are polluted by the constant and hogs kept perpetually fat on it, majority were females. Now in regardto the keeping of laying hens. It
"risings" caused by eating all the it would: diminish nothing of the size and shape, the offspring will means a saving of food, l less disposition
year round the vile, musky, vermin- losses and troubles about them. Fat always take alter the male, if both to quarrel, better keeping qualities .
fed flesh of these brutes. In half the hogs, inside, are no temptation to birds are of one six.'j; more than this, of the eggs, and a cheapening of
humble log cabins the traveler callsat rogues to be honest, and not quite so if a cross, then the offspring will be the cost of the eggs, as well as a savingof
one or more of the inmates will havea much so, outside, at large and among larger than the parents. the space occupied by males which
head tied up or some part of the hungry people, who live in either Breeding (for large or small comb should be given to hens or pullets.
body or limbs bandaged for a boil, of comparative or entire idleness in all depends on size of cock's comb; H the Those who desire to hatch chicks can
which the poor creatures do not know farming sections, as well as elsewhere. cross is rose on single comb the offspring select a dozen of the best females and
the cause. Most of such people manage to have will be mixed. confine them in a yard with a pure-
When I was a boy of eight years "hog claims," and all respect one Color of legs is hard to change. bred male. As one male can sire a
my father had the first trouble 1 can mark very highly, which is, "Fat in Black and blue legs change after two thousand chicks in one year, it is plain
recall, and it was with a neighbor about one ear and good to eat in the other." marines, but leathers disappear if the that but few males are necessary. The
razorbacks running at large in which The last hog I ever owned was run- cock has clean legs. I In color of usual practice is to allow one male with
he lost one hundred dollars worth at ning on the range for a time with the feather solid colors breed truer and ten hens, wnich compels the feedingof
one open-hand steal, which was so above mark, but he was stolen by one the chicks take more after hens. For a hundred males if as many as a
palpable that no person informed of of this class. I attempted to prose instance, a black cock throws white thousand hens are retained.
the circumstances ever seemed to cute the case, but calling on the main chicks to white hens, that is in most The greatest advantage derived in
doubt where the hogs had gone, but witness, he told me he would not cases, and a white cock throws buff addition to the increase of eggs and
the man who got them. It was almosta swear against him. And after this I chicks from buff hens. the saving of food, labor and space, is
clean sweep and he had no encouragement learned that he was threatened with Now as to parti colored breeds. that eggs from hens not with males
to hope for recovery of pigs) violence by two or three of the partyif Successive: breeding will make: a complete will keep three or four times as longas
or damages. To prosecute was madness he did. So he refused, and I lost change; but in single breedingthe will eggs from hens that are with
as he would have lost one hun my last fat razor back. chicks come mixed both from male males. If eggs are to be preserved, it
dred more in lawyer's fees and cost of How is that for hogs on the range, and female markings, and in case of is detrimental to keep males in the
suit in court with time and trouble Major ? He wants "five hundred solid colors on varied colors, or va. flocks. When it is considered that a
added. All that could be consideredas head to where we have one now, with I ried colored cock on solid colored large number of males become expen.
a remuneration came as a report to men interested enough to look after hen, the chicks will in a majority take sive, and that the hens will produce
me more than forty years after this them as elsewhere." He pitches the I after hens. I more eggs:; when the males are not
occurred and long after my father's music of the spontaneous productionsof Now, as to size. A small cock will I present, and also that the problem of
death, that the perpetrator, about the woods on a very high key-note. lessen the size of the stock, but on preserving eggs is solved by keepingno
twenty five years after the act, was If men in adjoining States could depend large hens it will be between the two; males the farmer should hereafter
hanged by cowboys for stealing away on Major Campbell's statements but to increase the size the largest make it a rule to do away with males
out in Western Texas. This was and opinions, we should soon have specimens should be used. entirely, unless chicks are to be
razorback returns great numbers of them herethatclass One other point and I will close. hatched. With the non sitting breeds
Hut the hottest anger I ever saw my of men who prefer to spend most To breed hens select light cocks, to where eggs only are desired, and not
. father have (and I was only less angry of their time in the woods among i breed males use dark ones. Tnese chicks, the male is a useless memberof
because not big enough to hold so their hogs and dogs, taking their I are simple rules, the result of observation ( the flock. -Farm and Fireside.
much) was on account of a brood chances on the razor-back for a precarious and the writer hopes they will be -_......-
sow which he and I and a younger livelihood rather than stay on contrary to some other poultry breed. It is claimed that the Hulst groves
brother, and three dogs, chased a farms and cultivate the soil, sharing: er's views thereby bringing out a dis south of DeLand will have at least
hundred yards, and more, with a the domestic duties, cares and re- cussion on this important subject, since 30,000 boxes of fruit this season off
lamb's tail clinched in her teeth and sponsibilities of their wives and children the desire to have a standard fowl of the loo-acre tract.
the hapless creature dangling around and enjoying the sweets of the might be developed from such ideasas -....
her snout. This was only her last home circle and the pleasures of( society will arise from such discussions, Another hunting party has returned
one of at least half a dozen, for as civilized beings should do. and let the writer here suggest that from Lake Okccchobec. after an absence
she died right there under a few fu Against the hog kept in cultivated t we cannot make this great breed with of six weeks, bringing with
lies stokes of an old hardwood rake fields and fed at the owner's own ex- I I a rush, but if our poultry association them 634 alligator hides. .



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-







628 TIlE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.

-
State and salt and milk. It can be boiled and work for it.Ve will renew the
( ] eWs. with meat for seasoning, or tried, the OUlfUlfal! flome.A offer made in the dull times of last

latter way of cooking we have not summer-not as to the club arrange

The market and fruit stands are tested. But it is a splendid vegetable, Call for Helen Harcourt. ment, but on the basis of a cash com
overrun with persimmons. Upon inquiry with a delicate flavor, and is easily mission. To anyone wishing to see
For Our Rural Home :
we learn that there is not any digested. The cabbage palmetu Miss Harcourt installed as editor of
Who is for the Rural Home and
market for them in the North,, and as I grows in abundance all over Lee Helen this department and at the same time
and be obtained for the Harcourt as its editor ? Surely
county may make little will
a consequence our farmers will lose a pin-money, we givea
ator of cutting down the trees.-Fort each one can get up a club with a
most of their crop this year. One fruit liberal commission on all subscriptions
Myers Press. 'long! pull, a strong pull, and a pull l
grower, who has several bushels goingto altogether and the matter will be an obtained by them in the next

waste, has determined to cut out his Rev. R. Whitehead informs us assured fact, and we shall have the six weeks. Write for terms, giving

trees Orlando and Sentinel.Mr. plant other. varieties of fruit. that an unusual amount of hay has helpful, cheery weekly chats of our references. <
been harvested in Palmetto this season, old Florida friend and counseller.The The Family Sowing.
J. Williams has made about and almost entirely cut from land matter simply rests with each subscriber For our Rural Home:
500 gallons of guava wine up to date. which matured a crop of vegetables in bringing a few more to swell Within the past few years I have
The guavas yield four gallons of wineto the spring. He states further, a valu the numbers to guarantee the proprietor learned some useful lessons, particularly
the bushel, and some idea of the able fact in relation to this land from I ol the paper in making his arrangements since coming to Florida have I

extent of the cron. mav# be_ had_n__ _from_ __n which the spring crop has been har- accordingly, whether we seen the great necessity of economy
the fact Mr. Williams has bought in vested. It is (found entirely suitableto shall welcome our old friend in our not in household affairs any more thanin

over too bushels during the last two produce a crop of corn upon it, midst again or not. Where there i ia is woman's health and strength. The

days. These guavas cost nothing to which, with proper cultivation, will will there is invariably a way. If two are inseparable, yet no one expression
. raise, and yet they bring more right produce satisfactorily, besides affording each subscriber will obtain from the will convey both meanings.
now than the best Ohio wheat is selling profitable employment for the dull editor the terms for a club of five, I was helped and encouraged con.
for.-St. Petersburg Times. summer months. We have pointedout then let us make an effort and at once, siderable during the first years in the

A sale of one of the crops of low the great quantity of corn we con with a will and some vim, and let the Florida dine woods by writers in the
hammock was made fcwda's sume. It is ridiculous to transport it matter be settled before the rush of household departments of the various
a
ago, the oranges price paid being $1.10 a thousand miles when it might be our Northern friends and visitors ar- papers. I hope to be of some assistance ,

per box on the trees. The low hammock raised in the .county. Braidentown rive, when more patrons will be ob- t in my turn, to others who have
Journal. tamed (for the increased circulation
of sought new homes and untried
oranges are always bright, and waysin
of thin, silky peel, and ripen earlier Mr. John B. Beach, of Melbourne, THE; FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER. the land of orange groves and
than other fruit. They are in good was a pleasant caller at the Advocate The paper has greatly improved lat e- pines. I may sometimes be tedious,
condition to ship in October. Buyersare office Wednesday and presentedour ly, and with Helen Harcourt's valu- but, remember, my will is good. I

feeling around trying to buy up associate editor with a very fine able suggestions and counsel added, want above all just now to impress on
fruit at a bargain, but the growers are Jamaica Ripley pineapple. The fruit the Florida housewives will not feel them the fact that they canny t do justice
holding for a dollar a box. The buy itself looks like a Queen but is much so utterly out in the cold as at pres. to the multifarious duties in their

ers are inclined to nibble at this price, larger and tapers off more gracefully ent.She own homes without economizing their
as they are forced to admit that the towards .the crown, which is large and not only gives the bright side strength-saving all that is possible,
crop is of excellent quality.-Oviedo prettily draped. This fruit is very of life in Florida, she mentions manyof consistent with their situation and re
Chronicle.The much esteemed; is very juicy and the hard rubs, which are especiallyso sponsibilities.A .
tender; has very little core and is said to newcomers. But she does not t quiet home and simple unostentatious
farmers: of the Rochelle neighborhood tn be one of the best of pineapples for leave you there ; she goes to the end I i living; are not appreciated as
are experiencing considerable shipping. The flavor is rich and of the matter and gives her advice, they deserve to be. Even our limited
trouble in the way of engagingmen very and the result of her years' be "
the pulp very delicious. This varietyof many experience means may "blessings in disguise.
to pick their cotton. Notwithstanding of life in Florida home I*
pineapple is largely grown in Jamaica a or women who have the sewing
the present low price for and they stand shipment to and all the accompanying recipes suit for themselves and families to do,
which the staple article is selling, the England without much or damage able for a life here.I there is no more foolish waste of time
colored people demand the same whatever. One lady called any the for one, have had cause numbers and strength than putting extra trimmings
Ripley"a
amount (for picking that they obtained I luscious lump of honey," and she of times to thank and bless her on their everyday clothes, particularly
when the farmers were realizing double for all the
was not far out either.Titusville good things she has taughtme when the work has not been
for their cotton what they are at present Advocate. through the weekly chats in the done in early spring, or better still in
-$i per hundred pounds. This paper. Few have any idea the num winter, but extends over into these
situation is prevalent in all parts of A. V. Clubbs writes in the Pensa- ber of new settlers Helen Harcourthas warm summer days, when exertion
the cotton belt of the South. The cola News: From our square or blockof been the? means of bringing to is something of a task.every It is a

cotton, when allowed to remain: in ground, about two and a half acres, Florida simply through her weekly great temptation, sometimes, when a
the boll, unprotected from the wet we have sold 548 boxes of LeConte talks in the paper. new garment is being made to put a
weather, sprouts and is greatly dam pears, which have netted $258.93. In
Another side to the question in a few more tucks here or a ruffle there;
aged.-Gainesville Sun addition, we have sold numerous bush. when it is
bright, helpful, progressive paper like or neatly made without
Mr.f J. H. Bullard, one of the lone els and barrels in the city. Then we the FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER. ruffles or tucks, to add to the plain

settlers on Long Key, was a welcome have the Kieffer pears to follow after Why should women's share in the hem a finish of lace. "Oh, it was
caller at the Journal office Monday.Mr. the LeConte are gone, which will con interest of the colums of the paper be no more expense," says the tired
Bullard's visits to the town are tinue to the middle of October. This so utterly ignored? seamstress; "I I had the trimming in
necessarily few and far between, as pear is the most prolific of all pears, Who are the men that they should the house." Yes, it was an expense;
the journey involves twenty-five miles and an excellent fruit for preservingor monopolize every page? it robbed you of a half hour's much
of sailing each way. lie will have a table use when ripened, With a Who cooks and prepares the food? needed rest to say the least. It
crop of eggplants ready for shipmentin good crop of Scuppernongs it is an Makes and mends the tattered and I doesn't pay to work wearily over a

October. Cold cuts no figure i in easy matter to make a barrel of good torn clothing for all the household, garment, that, after one season's or at
his calculations, for the winds from i vinegar. Of course, we have plentyof big and little? Does the washing and most, a year's wear, will be thrown
any point of the compass must cross I figs, peaches and plums and as for cleaning? Feeds and attends to the into the rag-bag.

miles of water to reach him. His I oranges this neighborhood can now poultry, makes the butter and often For cotton and even linen underclothes .
only enemies are wind and rats, the show some of the healthiest trees and has to milk ? Woman's work is never I that are to be worn "(or common -
latter possibly released from vesselsin the prospect of choice fruit that can be ended. Her duties are legion indoors ," a neat hem is a nice finish ;
the past time and are plenty and 1 found. 'I 1 hen our orchards make ex. and out and yet she is denied the and, everything considered, is the

large enough to rejoice the heart of aChmaman. I cellent poultry yards, and the poultryare pleasure and satisfaction of having a proper thing. Something more elaborate \ .

.-Braidentown Journal.! profitable in themselves, besides few columns in a bright, helpful, progressive may be made for dress occasions,
being a great benefit to the orchard. paper like the FARMER END when the entire toilet ought to be in
We have lived in Fort Myers[ for There is
no secret in this business. It
FRUIT GROWER devoted entirely to keeping. Silk underwear is exten
over seven years, and not until last is only necessary to get the ground i in woman's interests. sively used, also lisle thread and cot
Sunday ever had courage to try the good condition for
raising vegetables, E. LEVER. ton-knit, and wool or half wool for
cabbage of the palmetto. It is a de. in this
it
keep condition and cultivatein Waldo, FU. cold weather but ladies still
; many
lightful dish cooked just as the housewife garden crop until the trees grow Our correspondent continues at prefer to make their own of muslin (or
prepares a nice, crisp cabbage. up, then give up the ground to the some length in this strain. Certainly% "domestic," as it is called in some
The flavor of the palmetto strongly fruit and poultry, and with intelligentcare few things would afford us more pleasure places), believing they have advantages -
resembles salsify, or the vegetable oyster you will make a success than 5n
as surely to have the ladies take a over those sold ready.made at
when seasoned with butter, pepper as night follows day. I active interest in our paper and write the stores.

.



,






THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. '624


I suppose this is a question of taste out about every four days and rub a

more than of money. But when the little more salt in it. Let it remainfor FLORIDA FRUIT EXCHANGEI

outlay of strength is taken into consideration three weeks; at the end of this

as well as the time, I would time take it out of the brine and rinseit -

certainly advise a woman to procurethe slightly. Throw over it boiling An Incorporated Homo Association of Ornnw Growers for marketing Florida Fruit to the
..
i bent advantagc.-AUTIIOHIZED( CAPITAL.V9JOU: O.
articles readymade of the merchant vinegar, to which has been added a'' Box TEIUAL-Tbe Exchange is fully prepared to supply boxes and paper on
rather than to be seamstressas order. Write for price list and terms.
try tablespoonful of mustard seed, a half
well as cook and housekeeper. of bruised
pound dry ginger-root two -:OFFICERS :-
MINNIE GILMORE MILLS. ounces each of cloves and allspice >> '
OEO. It. FAIHIIANK8. President. D. OKEKNLEAF., Vico-Presidont.
(Concluded next week.) four Chili and a tablespoon. A LiIPItT! M. 1IVESaen'l Mgr and Treas. 31. 1'. TfltNHIL lecretary.DIltlCroRsGeo. .
peppers i it. Fairbanks, Alachua Co.; E.0. 11111, IlradfordCO. Ur. R. E. Pratt
-- 4 ful of turmerick to every gallon of IIlllsboro Co.; John 'ab'at1, Lake Co.; fly Crutcber orange (;0.; 0. (lreeneaaf Duval Co.;
Rapid Breathing as a Remedy. H. )1. User, Uu\'al Co.; A. lirady. Ilre\'Brd Co.; F, d. uam Co.. C. V. Hlllyer,
also half
Add
vinegar a cup of Station Co., John 31.( llryan, Osceola" Co.: W. 1titan: ton. L'utnam l'o.; 31. 8.)(oreman St.
About fifteen years ago Maj.[ Gen. coarse brown sugar. The sugar and Johns Co ; C. F. A. Hieltiy, Volusia Co.; IlenJ. Ik>wd, Lake Co.
Drayson of the British Army often Address corrcsiiondence to the Florida Fruit Exchange: ,Jacksonville, Fla. Stencils,
spices should be boiled up in vinegar. with full packing and shipping instructions,furnished on application.
suffered, especially at night, from a
Bottle the pickles and let them stand - --- --- --- -

severe pain in the region of the heart. for from three to six months. JOHN CLARK SON & CO.
He believed he was doomed to die ,
soon of heart disease. About that Cassava Rocipeo.

time certain of his experiences in the I have tried baking the cassava GROCERS AND COMMISSION MERCHANTS
mountains of India led him
to think
,
root, and boiling it, but never found
that his heart pain might be due to either plan satisfactory. So the best ----DHALKRS IN----

insufficient of the blood. Coal Grain Wines Tobacco Etc.
oxygenation manner of preparing the cassava: root Hay, Liquors, Cigars, ,
He therefore tried to relieve it by for table use is to grate it just as you 3ACI.cHONVILLE: FLA.
breathing rapidly-at the rate of about .
do cocoanut, first peeling off the -- -- ---
forty breaths a minute. In a few THICK LIST OF WIIIKKKY.
brown skin. Never
dig up more cassava I..rk..r..t 7ft Martin lly.,.... ....... OO
seconds the pain ceased, and did not at one time than you can use Orange Vttlley........................... 3: 00 "rlrlnla 1 diaries ....... 4 00
return that night. it H..rl."I."y.. ..... .. .................. 2 OO ()lloiirbon ... 5 OOKrntucky
right away, as spoils very quickly. North Carolina Corn.......". ...,..... :2 OO Hour Marsh .... .... 5 00
After that he says he always resortedto \ftergrating all you have on hand, Clifton Club ..... ............... Old. 5 00Montrose
the same expedient, and Velvet.,.. 80 00
invariablywith put it in a vessel with a broad, flat
success. As time went on the Jug Extra: One gallon 250.; two gallon, ; three gallon 7SC. Remit /Jby post office money
bottom, and pour about four inchesof ordercheck or registered letter. We cannot ship C.O. D- to dry towns.
pain became not only less frequent, clear fresh water upon it, then let A complete price list of Groceries,and Wine List, sent free on application.

but less severe, and now if there is the it stand unmolested for a few hours. JOHN CLARK SON & CO.

slightest indication of it rapid breathing Upon examining it at the close of this I

prevents its arrival at maturity. period, all the starch will be found to
He thereupon brings forward many have settled at the bottom of the vessel 6 FENCING Geo. S. Hacker & Son,

instances in support of his belief that and above this will be a thick : WIRE RGPE SELVAGE. MANCrACTUKKRS Or

some of the advantages of moderate layer of the pulpy part of the root; yO I w m.c
exercise are to be gained by simply -
pour off the water gently and remove -
breathing rapidly.! Rapid breathing this pulpy portion, which will be coro ;a.

is an effect of exercise, and this is beneficial found to make very nice puddings, if r MG v..

because the rapid breathing used at once; it will sour if not cooked tJg
gives the blood plenty of oxygen. immediately; then scrape out the N." 5:

Invalids or others who cannot take starch and spread on boards to dry; flj I
RABBIT & POULTRY i'iS Cl'n''I ca
exercise can obtain some of its good tilt the boards slightly, so that all the tt44. a.act.ttxWOWlrtatrcrW..cutc.utNerve .

effects by deliberately passing much water left in it will run to one end and 09O -

pure air through the lungs. Rapid can be drained off. I It is desirable to '

breathing is particularly helpful in dry the starch as quickly as possible, Blood ..
"
cases of sleeplessness and restlessness. when it can be put away for winteruse Tonic BuilderS

The air must of course be pure, else and is really the tapioca of com- And Building Material.CHARLESTON .

rapid breathing can have no good merce, only not put up in fancy forms.
effects. Hundreds of thousands attribute Both this and the pulpy part, first I 8. O.

disease to themselves when ------ ---
mentioned, can be used in puddingsby
nothing is wrong except their habit of the following recipe: Take the
breathing air impure from tobacco pulp and arrange in alternate layers Fraud u.aFruit:; Wrappers.
S ftendfordwcrlptlv
smoke, gas burning or simply from a with whortleberries, blackberries or .-

lackof ventilation. sliced apples, plentifully sweeteningthe pamphlet.
Impure air makes impure blood and whole; set in the stove and bake I Dr. WILUAJIS'MEDICINE NO MORE CHEATING.

impure flesh. Thus those who consume till done; moisten the pudding with a CO., Consumers of Fruit Wrappers may
such air fall quickly into and before pint of sweet milk or water. When i l(rbox. Schenectady, N.Y. now know that they get an honest ream
0 for "2.30. shcetfl and 400()() 320 sheets
of not
disease. They cannot endure an andBrockYlllc.Ont.BENTON 480 or
the tapioca is dry it will have to be
-- to ream an oino< unHcrtipuIousUealers!
open window or door, because they moistened, first with a few drops of supply.
feel cold, this sense of coldness being cold water then stirred into boiling & UPSON"AC ;
OUR "FAIR AND SQUARE"Printed
in many cases simply a symptom that I water, when it will cook instantly:
the blood has been vitiated by the and be of l ti'rapperHaroputupinpackagea
can poured over a pan {SONVII1I1B, FI1A.,
breathing of poisonous air. baked apples, or dish of berries, and of 1000 each, and each Wrapper is
To breathe air laden with human served cold.-Home and Farm. numbered, in printing, consecutivelyfrom
exhalations is IRRIGATING 1 to 1000. No one can
not a whit more sensible <

as Gen. Drayson observes, thanto Mr. E. F. Sperry has set out in the HONESTLY BEATour

drink liquid} sewage for a beverage.Youth's lot adjoining his residence on Pine
Send for samples and priced
MACHINERY prices.!
- Companion.. street, 40x80 feet of ground in pine toTHE
---* .-- ,
apple plants of the Abbakaand Smooth
Pickled Lemons. Cayenne varieties, which have yieldedan I3OTM: JERSEY CITY PRINTING CO.,

New England housekeepers dote on enormous profit to their owner. JERSEY CITY, N. J.

pickled lemons, says the New York Mr. Sperry states that he has from Steam and Horse Puwer. N. B.-Wo do not deal in unprinted
'Tribune. The best lemon for this this small patch sold one hundred dollars wrappers. *

purpose is the tiny, thin-skinned worth of plants and has gathered -
lemon that to market in Pipe Pipe Fitting, Brass
comes Mayand 500 pineapples, and considers the actual ,
June from California which is productive value of this little plotof Valve Hose Etc. FRUIT TREES
,
excellent for pickles. Cut the fruit ground at the rate of $10,000 per

making sharp incisions all over the acre. On what other portion of God's WRITE FOR ESTIMATES. teas
rind, and rub in salt. Set the fruiton footstool can a like showing be made? SOUTHERN ORCHARDS.Write .

end in a deep dish. In a short Orlando Reporter.
for and price list.JENNINQS' .
time they will be covered with a | .M... Catalogue
NURSERY CO.,
strong; brine formed of the dissolvingsalt The hard times may be over ;about\ mINCUBATORS&BROODERS O .

and lemon juice. Take the fruit the time oranges.. are ripe.- >< ThomiMTllle *







.



.




626 THE FLORIDA KA11MKK AND FRUIT-GROWER.


.
S. POWERS, Editor.P. and by the completed engine comes Tunison & Co. say the people buy hence. The average annual percentage -

O. Address. Lawtey, Fla. from his hand. In such training the green oranges "because they want of increase; in Calitonua has not

A. H. MANVILLE. Staff Contributor. boy acquires not only a knowledge of them." But do they want them a been very far 'rom 50 per cent whilein

these kinds ot work, but he acquiresthe second time? Most men do not. Florida it has been in the neighborhood -

CONTENTS. ability to engage in manual workin ......... oi 40 per cent. At the end of

general. He gets practical acquaintance The Orange Outlook. five years from date this we uld give

GROVE AND OCIIARD-The White Fly; Preserve with the work day world. The Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower : California a production of about 7-

Ret; guettiout the Alligator in Orange; Why Crowing Culture..Fruit.... 618 thought that manual labor is degrad Enclosed is a slip which I cut from 200,000 boxs and Florid i about 13,-

Crimson Clover for the Orange Grove; The ing disappears. It may be that his The Rural New Yorker of Aug. 26 500,000. Total; 20,700,000, insteadof

Phosphoric I'hiloftophy Acid Mulch Scale; Continuous Insect Ueof Best training and testes will not lead himto concerning the future of the orange 30,000,000. above figured.But 1
; ;
Peaches for Wet Florida .. .. .. .. .. .. 610 engage in any branch of manual industry. I should like to have your the percentage of increase does

FARMER AND TRUCKER-Slavery of the Hoe; labor during his active life, but his views on the subject published in your not continue anywhere near uniform;

Crawfish Seed Uu sin Land ess; To; 'ine Destroy Rice Moles Field..;..The.... 621 knowledge of it makes him a better most valuable paper, to which I have it diminishes every year. Thus LaU

LIVE STOCK-A Swine Hater; !.ime for Stock 612 citizen in a world where a very large long been a subscriber.J. ifornia had one year, 1886, an increase

P&VLTRV-I'oultry Breeding; Test With Uy- part of men and women must get food D. KIIU IIUFF. I. of about 87 per cent. and

ing Hens .. .. .. .. ... .. .. .. ... .. .. 6aa and clothing by work of the hands. Mt. Airy Philadelphia. Florida in 1891 had an increase of 50

Oua RURAL HOME-A Call for Helen liar- The item referred to is as follows: cent. But it is improbable
and highly
(;Jive to a child good birth good per
court; The Family Sewing. .. .. .... .... 6aj
care in infancy, train his body until "It is estimated that the orange trees that such phenomenal jumps will

Rapid I>mons Breathing; Cassava as Recipes a Remedy.. .. ..;..Pickled.. .. .. 6:4JIJITOIUALMOIquito when he is 21 he is an Apollo, train now planted in America should yield, ever be made again. In fact, the fear

Kxterminator; Bread, his mind in such knowledge as will five years hence, if the season is of overproduction and the consequent

the Brawn Offender Brain;? Green The Orange Oranges Outlook-Who; Our Are develop and strengthen all the mental favorable, about 30,000,000 boxes. slacking up in planting, together with

Book Table .. .. .. .... .. .. .. .. .. .. 65 powers train his hands to work at Our home consumption is about II,- the constant factor ol ignorance, in.

Selling Bananas at Auction; Market Notes. bib some manual occupation, train his 000,000 boxes. We'll have to eat volving neglect and abandonment of

Weather far Poultry and Crops.. .. ..;..Animal. .. .. .. .Meal......as..Feed.... .617'.' moral nature to keenness and purity, more oranges or increase the export groves, will operate to keep the out

A Big Yankee Kick: Fertilizing lor Flavor; and do all this by those natural meth. trade." put far below the tremendous figures
Bind the Fruit Grower; The Karth Was ods which the best educators of the The California Fruit Grower just above given.
.. .... ...... .
His Bank; A Shrewd Guess 626
world have, by long labor and expe received has some figures which are Still, we believe that there will bea

rience, discovered and proven-such appropriate m this discussion : surplus of some millions of boxesin

Woathor in Jacksonvillo. is the purpose of the New Education.The j 8 cl : a few years, compelling the growers -

--.--------- New Education recognizes that 3 3 t.I"l Mc ".'., 0.0CIO.1.. "' :.. to use the utmost diligence in
as..' co&i I I a -s.t' = JB!: c 3 0 ::
a -, a I i r.....aw win bread a man must have brawn; them to seek foreign outlets.
oo 00 "
_ _1_ ..
L .w. ---S.A.-- -
that brain brawn andis
too, depends on ci
... .....
Sept 13 7S 7$ 91 7* 20 j8J 0.01 OUR BOOK TABLE.
iieptlj.... .,.. :7: N 91 71 21 ,,82 o o8 helped by it; that brain is the ma I, . i. i-!
Sept 4.... 7'J'! QO 66 22 "It.- -
1i9
..... .... 8T7 chine of mind, and that the machineand c1
Sept IS 78 (87 71 16.79 0.00 2 a& Tho People's Horse>$ Cattle, Sheep and
.. ... ... ... ...
...
Sept 16 18 114 tjj 1. u ,,8S 0.00 the mind help each other; that Swine Doctor. New York : M. T. Rich
...... .. 55
Sept IT 80 91 74 84 0.00 ""
19
Sept 18......... 79 80 90 7S 15 IM 0.00Mean education should include body, brain, unison. Co. publishers. 334 pages. This \
mind and morals, and that it should Q is ft compilation, mostly from English:
77.0,49.1, i9<.4 7> I 19.3.81.9 0.89 sources, alit) la rather antiquated for
be conducted in such wise ways as il l ; tll
E. II. Ok'
DEMAIN r er. American U8C.Common .
will most surely fit the man or the r ( ( { Sense Health Notes.
...... Chicago:
w .. ... ... .. .. ..
woman to win bread for self and de h n 1 11 A. Flanuagan. 301 pages. It i la very

A Mosquito Exterminator. pendents. .0a seldom that we find more rood commonsense
-
The Indian Medical 1 Record forMarch _.. -.- w i and thoroughly practical wisdom
condensed the number of
16 that Croon O ran BOB Who Are the w S same pages.
says a Bombay newspaper kUHUUc
o 5 i It deserves careful reading by every person
I calls attention to the virtues of Offenders ? 3 -l Round or invalid. It is a mine of

the castor oil plant as a means of pro The Fruit Exchange and most of I: ... .. ... hM. valuable suggestions for preserving
.
tection against mosquitoes. In Egyptit the commission merchants, assert and o '". *. .. :: .. .. .* : '*.** health. If this book or one like it,could .
is about houses :i : :I : : : :! : 0 be rend! by everybody, wo art confident
drive the insist that do solicit
planted I
to they not ship. :.. :. :.. :.. .. .:. -.. it would lengthen the average tern of
insects away. In towns a better planis ments o* immature oranges, but that : : : . M" human life five or ton years.

to have the growing plants in pots the growers force them upon them iti iJ.iii. Bulbs and Tuberous-Hooted Plants.
... ... .. ..
and bring them into the house and compel them to dispose of the New York : Orange Judd Company. 311
In the above those for
for a day or two at a time, but stuff some way or other. On the figures given pages. A very complete catalogue and 1
importations are reached by assuminga manual of the cla.s of plant* treated. It
they must not be kept too long in the other hand, the growers declare that
customs valuation of $z per box, is well illustrated and indexed and, so
shade, for the Palma Christi is a sun they never ship until they are
oranges since the statistics do not far OH we are able to judge, it will rank \
government
loving plant. A writer is cited invited to do so from this
assaying some quarter.A as an authority on topic. The pro-
give the imports in boxes of the stand.
that the mosquitoes are killed green orange is not a ripe orange face hays: *'It I is one of the objects of
by a poison that they find on the lower pardon the truism-and is not good.It ard size. This may not be absolutely this book to show how the growing of \
correct as regards the actual numberof bulbs can be made a pleasure, or a profit
side of the leaf', but it is stated that if is not wanted, at least not a sec.
boxes it is able industry, by giving complete cultural
though fairly near so,
a dozen leaves are placed about a room ond time. Tuntson & Co., who are instructions in detail. The. flowerIng -
while it
gives a relatively correct result
that swarms with mosquitoes they will prominent dealers in New York, say which is valuable for of bulbs is a very simp .matter. Tho
disappear without leaving any dead in their recent circular: .'Buyers want equally com bulb, when it comes from the hands of

ones lyinga' out.-New York Medical oranges in September and October, parison. the grower, contains within itself the
From files the future flower and it does
our own we compile food for the not
Journal. and for years have been buying green following : The price of Florida orange require the gardener's skill to develop it.
-e- -- Jamaica oranges. They know theyare There few be
to
>, of a fair average grade of' area necessary<< points con
not ripe sweet but they take sidered and these have plainly
Broad. Brain. or we so
Brawn
in the New York market
brights on
them because they want them. We I stated that many of the supposed diflfculties !-
Under this heading Professor Oscar prefer to sell our customers green I December i has been as follows lor in their cultivation have been removed. -

Clute, the new President of the State Florida rather than have them I the past eleven years : ."

Agricultural College delivered bac- I oranges iSSa, Dec. I ... ...................... ..... ...1.00 The Cosmopolitan for September is a
discourse a buy green J Jamaicas, and we know '"83. .................. .......-.... .. 373: World's Fair number, splendidly illustrated
calaureate Aug. 3, 1893, at that we benefit Florida shippers by so iS 4, ...... ............................ 38 s ; two-thirds of the number being
Lansing, Michigan.: We quote two doing." 1885 :: .... ... 2 50 taking up with articles describing various

paragraphs! : Now, is this true? It certainly does 1886. .................................. J 17 dcjtartmcnts of the great spectacle. The
"Give the boy training in work. not look when 1887, .................................. 26S views are from photographs and they give
so fancy Jamaica oranges 1SS8, ........ ...................... 2 JO the best perspective exhibit of the
Teach him to groom the horse to *ell (packed and (papered, are 1889, .t. ....... ................. ......... :7g World's Fair that we have vet seen.
clean the stable, to care for the cow, selling to day in New York for sixty 1890. .............................. ... 300 Demorcpt's Magazine I for October has as
to plow, and plant, and cultivate and five cents a box Florida size! New 1891 ... .......... .............. .. .. .. 00 its leading article a chatty paper| on life i

harvest, to prune the orchard and to York is right now, perhaps, as poor a I 897. to....... ........................ ... 335 among the silver miners cuts of showing Colorado,the illustrated

fight the insect foes and the fungoid market for oranges as there is in the The above figures show, first, that scents! above by numerous ground and below only Jet'S!

growths, give him skill in I the use of country, because it is flooded with the paragraph in the Rural New Yorkeris vividly than they would present themselves -

hammer and saw and plane and chisel. deciduous fruits, and many people are decidedly off' as to the amount of to the eye. The usual complement

Teach him in the forge how to temper short of money. But in the middle oranges annually consumed in this of bright literature and the fashions

and weld, how to shape iron into any and lower South there may be a light country. Now, let us enquire whetherit completes the number.. .

required form. Put him into the machine demand for oranges now, because may not be as far off in the estimateof Read the acvertisements; you are

shop to file and chip, until by their deciduous fruit season is passed. \the probable production five years sure to find something you want.



1




TIlE FLOKIDA+ FAKMKK: AND FKU1T-GUOWKR.+ 626


-

::Tho first shipment to Liverpool by the Bogus white lead would have no sale did It not
I
]JVEari[ ete. Fruit Exchange will go forward hundred B afford makers a larger profit than Strictly Pure
and it will consist of several ogus I White Lead.

boxes; how many cannot be stated before The wise man is never persuaded to buy paint

JACKSONVILLE, FLA., Sept. 22. the arrival. of to-day's trains from the interior. that is said to be "just as good" or "better" than .

FRUITS AND VKGHTABLKS. .....

These are arerage quotation. Extra choice California FI uita. Strictly Pure White Lead.
Iota fetch prices abort top quotations, while poor
lots sell lower E. L. Goodsell says: "Sales this week

Lemons.. ,Kla., .... .............. i.ootoi.jo have been most discouraging, prices having The market is flooded with spurious white leads. The following analyses
Messina... .......... ........ ,
made
3.25 eminent
Pineapple.. .cute...... ....... ....... 3.50 shown a very great decline from last by chemists! of two of these misleading brands show the exact
Pears, Kiefler .... ... ................. 4.00 week's record, excepting on proportion of genuine white lead they contain :
Potatoes, New York .................. t.oo in consequence a )loss to the shippers,
Brand
"' invbarrel lot. ....... ... 2.85 Misleading U.lt&dlng Drand
OnloD..yello..bb!...... ......... 3.50 while the jobbers made little or no money Standard Lead Co. Strictly Pure White '. Pacific Warranted "
red .. ... ..... .... ............ I.M even at the low prices. This was not Lead. St. Louis." Pure (Al]White Lead.
ftpanUh, large per crate.... I .50 occasioned by oversupplies, as the total Material. Proportion Analyzed byBarytca Material Projections Analyzed by
Sweet .... ..............
potatoes new
.60
have been 69.36( cent.
44 of whichI per Regis Chauvend of Lead '
receipts only cars, Sulphate 4.1H! per rmt. Lnloux A; Co,
New York cabbagench. ........ .
tt Oxide of Zinc 31.18 cent. & Ilro. '
Beets,northernper bbl.............. 3.50 have sold 10 cars. I attribute the low White Lead 6.46 per cent. St. Louis., Oxide of Zinc.01 per cent. New York.
Turnips, northern .......... .... 2.50 state t of the market chiefly to the condition per Barjrtw y)6'i1)tr cent.
Carrots,dozen bunches............... .23 of the fruit which lugs been Less than 7 per cent white lead. No white lead in it.
Parsnips, ........... .......... on account
Celery...... ......... ............... 60 to .75.35 of the fact that cars are from 13 to You can avoid bogus lead by purchasing any of the following brands. .
Hig Plantsbbl.......... ... ......... 2.00 15 and sometimes 16 days in transit, They are manufactured by the "Old Dutch process, and are the standards:
Tomatoes.. .. .. .. ...,................. 1,50 that railroad ANCHOR
service is thoroughly Cincinnati
Squashes, bbl.. ........... ... ... .. 1.25101.50 showing ( ) RED SEAL" (St. Louis)
Cocoanutt! .. .. ..... ........*.?..?. 4.50 demoralized. Then another factor ECKSTEIN"(Cincinnati) KENTUCKY (Louisville)
Peanuts, best brand...... ............. .jto.o6 in favor of low prices was the fact ofa SOUTHERN" (St. Louia and Chicago) ATLANTIC (New York)
Gr nCOm.dolen........ .. ......... .12 to .13 the of the COLLIER (St. Louis) "JEWETT (New York
Apples,New York,bbl............... 3.50 to 4.00 holiday on part] peddlerstlheearly For sale by the most reliable dealers in paints everywhere.
Melons per too .... .................. 8.00to 10.00 part of the week cut down a quan- If you are going to paint, it will pay you to send to us for a book containing informs
Sweet Pepper, peck................... .25 to .40 tity or buyers. A third) factor was the tan that may save you many a dollar ; it will only cost you a postal card to do so.
Grapes, s-Ibb .ket. .......... .35 fact that tumbled in "
.... ... prices Chirago.
Io--lb" ..... .-s NATIONAL LEAD CO.
It Bcuppetnong, DU. ... .... .73t0 2,00 ,
Guavas,3-peck box .... ... H......... .75 Selling Bananas at Auction. I Droadw,y. New York.
Okra peck ...... .. ........... .15 to .25
Cow(yeas, shelled, peck.. ........... .50 Through what seemed to bo an impenetrable
Green Deans .... .... ..... ........ 2.00 mass of barges, car-floats and '
Standard Guano & Chemical Co.
POULTRY AND EGGS. other craft in the slip, the America forced M'f'g .
her As she the
Hens.. .. .. .. ........................ .35 way. glided along pier.
Rooster................ ............ .30 beforenhe! was even made fat' the own- No..14 Union St., Nciu Orleans La.
Broilers...................... .... .20 ers of the cargo, the auctioneer and his
Turkey., per pound................ 16 to i6c) assistants, the tally clerks, the graders, -% MANUFACTURERS OF !fc-(
.......... .
pucka..u.; .15 to .50
Geese ........ ........ ............... .50 the boss stevedore and the prospective High Grade Animal Bone Fertilizers
Kggs.scarce. .......... .e. .20 buyer', jumped aboard and anxiously ,
HAY GRAIN, ETC. gazed into her hold. The hatches had MADE FROM PURE
been removed. The weather had been
White corn, small lot...,... ...... ..........S 1.30
Mited/ corn, ............... ..... 1.23 stormy' and it was expected that in addi- Raw and Dissolved Animal Bone.
\\'bite oats, .. ...... ...... .... ..... .. 1.85 tion to the usual wear and tear to which
MtxtdoAls. ...... ......... ...... 1.75 the fruit is exposed it had suffefl.llrom CU NTEEC.
Hay No. i. Timothy, small lots... ......... 20.00
Wheat bran, small lots......... ..... ..... 10-00 the towing of the vessel in its tempestuous OSCAR H. NOLAN, State Agent.
Ground (feed fresh (corn andoats), per sack journey. The appearance of the
of too pounds...... .... .... .... .... ..... .. 1.40 fruit was reassuring. It had been well T _- _--_Jacksonville_ Fla.

Rice Peed flour mt"&I.ln per Hacks cwt..of.. ..too...pounds. ........per.....ton.... 23.00 90 stored away and was in good condition. Send to Hastings & Wylie, Interlaclien, Fla., for their new catalogue of
Pure wheat, per sack of 100 |,ounds.... .... 1.40 Hanging) platforms were rigged up from
Prepared steam cooked cow (feed per cwt, deck to deck, and a number of trucks The Interlachen Nurseries and Rose Gardens
150-pound sacks. .... ..... ...... .. .... 1.30 ,
bucked dock's
to the edge. Then camea
Prepared steam cooked horse feed, per cwt.
l,50-pound..ck... ..... .. ..... ...... 1.50 curious scene. The boss stevedore produced Containing a classified list of
Pearl grits, per barrel.... ............ ....... 3.10 from somewhere a small canvas
Fruit Pear 1'eachc P/IIIIM
Pearl meal, per barrel..... .... .... .... .... 3.10 Choice Citrus Grapes, etc.,
Flour best winter wheat, patent .......... 4.25 bag. As ho was seen with it in his hand selection
Fliur. extra fancy family .... ...... .. .... 4.00 the longshoremen made a rush for him. Together with the choicest ofBUDDED
(Half barrels,either brand, ajc per barrel With the assistance of a policeman they -xi: i ROSES ;iE-
extra.) \
Cotton seed meal bright per ton.. .. .. .. .. 25.00 were driven lack and( kept at a distance
Dark or Sea Island cotton seed meal per from the stevedore, who made his way To be found in the State. We have J purchased of II. O. Hastings & Co., the
ton .. . .. .. .. .. .. .... None in market across West street and mounted an
Pure ground bone fine per ton ..... .. 30.00 empty Interlachen Rose Gardens, and largely added to the stock of Budded Rose adaptedto
.... ... truck standing at the curb. Tim longshoremen : .
Done and potash per ton. .... 33.00
German kiinit, per ton .......... .... .... 17.00 massed themselves around the florida-Grcvl11rns, Camphor and other trees-and connected the same with
Land platter .. ..... .. .. '" .... ..... .. 10.00 impromptu stand and, with expectant our general Nurseries. For full description and for catalogue, addreMI.Iostln
Nitrate Soda, tc per pound; per ton. ... .. 55.00
looks held their hands do in
Muriate potash. 2).c per pound; per ton. .. 50.00 up as boys : s & ,"Vylie,
Sulphate potash, 2C per pound; per ton.... 3100 the schoolroom to catch the teacher'seye.
Sulphate potash 90 per cent.... ............. 55.00 I retort noli o n. T*Ir*_. _

The stevedore scanned the upturnedfaces.
SEEDS, ETC. He was looking for men that he eration and saw the condition of every! those which have ripened naturally in

Peas Conch. .... .... .. .... ... .... ... 3.75 knew were active and solcr. As he bunch. These were handed up from transit. The full flavor of the fruit is In-
.' Split.... .. .. ............'" .... .... 2.75 hand to hand and as they passed the 1.1Ctvhleb is not the cafe with the
picked his men, he called them name J
Black-eyed Peas, new crop buh..... ...... 2.00 by
Deans..... .. .... .... ......................... 2.25 -such names as "Mixed Ale Pat, "Dig grader he gave them one look and classified bunches ripened artificially by the New
.. Uma..r. ................ ... 2.50 Steve," "Shorty," "Old Connolly them as "one," "two" or "dock." York dealers.-New York World.Business .
Pearl Cat rail milletp.e.r ..... .. .. .:. "
pound. 2oc "Ones" were the so-called "nine hands; .. .
and
"Freshy, others pot intended for -
German or Golden millet, per bushel . .. 2.00
Hungarian grass, per bushel.............. .. 2.50 publication As each man heard his "twos"! the Fo-callcd "nine hands'1! rejected Notico.
Alfalfa or Lucerne .... .... joe name or nickname called a look of satisfaction (smaller bunches), and "docks"the
rrass ........ i5c over ripe, damaged or loose and ORANOK SUPPLIES.-These are offered
Johnson
his face and he
'I rice(upland}, per bushel.. ....... 2.00 came over eagerly
Genuine red rust proof oats .. ... ., .... sac I pushed his way to the truck where the broken bunches. These are dumped in in great abundance and ample variety by
White seed rice ..... .... 2.25 boss stevedore handed him taking it out old fruit boxes and disposed of after the 31 Ir. E.: Bean, in his new advertisement

-_. -.-. of a bag, a small, round, brass check, fruit in good condition has been sold. ONION: SEED.-All growers who expectto

Market Notes. with a stamped) numl-er. A station on Each truck bears a sign on a pole on plant this humble hut i most valuable

JACKSONVILLE, Sept. 21.-The marketfor the pier, on the deck or between decks, which is chalked the number of the vegetable should get their seed and land

Florida orange may l he fairly said to also was assigned to each man. lie hurried truck and the grade of the bananas. As ready early. A late crop of Florida

be opened up though in a very email to the ship and reported to 'the soon; as the truck has its full load of banana onions is very poor property. Hastings

tray, and not with sullicient steadiness to time-keeper for identification. bunches, which is the unit of these will have the genuine; seed!

warrant quotations unless! it might IHJ A gang of twenty men were selected, auction transaction., the tally clerk informs GARDKK PLOW.-Land is plenty in

between wide extremes. A Jacksonville and it announced that in halfan hour the auctioner, who shouts the Florida, but it costs a "good, l deal to clear
merchant informs us that he could place another ret would be picked out.8 the number of the truck and calls for bids. it. Truck and strawberries can be

now from 50 to 100 boxes per day: on work of unloading progresses more men The plentiful supply of Delaware planted close and cultivated with hand--

orders from cities south of the TenneKeorirer. are needed to pass tho bunches from peaches and the abnormally price at plow, thus saving half the land and the

Even the Fruit Exchange has hand to hand from hold to pier. As a which they are gelling has made them expense! of a horse. See our premium
small orders from Southern cities which measure of economy the men are hired the dominant factor in the fruit market.: oiler.

cannot i bo filled.! only when they can be actually used. Con ql'nth', bananas are not in brisk THE CHEAP COLUMN.-Readers should

Still, nobody should ship orange now When all was in readiness, the men in demand they sold yesterday at an average consult this regularly, as there is something -
without a distinct i understanding l eforo- line, two trucks for each hatchway, a price of 42j$ cents for "twos," and in it week.
hand from some trustworthy source. grader after each hatch and a tally clerk G7j cents for "ones," per bunch. The new every .
There are undoubtedly consumers who for each truck, the auctioneer mountedhis dealers are all Italians, and most! of those --- -.-

relish a tart orange, who prefer it almost rostrum. It was a tall stand with a I at the sale Friday are familiar figures at
If feel weak
M soon as it .ehows the color. But the canvas awning. There ho called the the auctions of California fruit, whichare you

nut..bMof wich) }people is limited and the buyers to order. These had gathered, on conducted by the same auctioneer.If and all worn out takeBRQWN'

market tied bv them can be very easily the ship's bridge, from which point of person wishes to taste a banana in IRON BITTERS

ghittted. vantab they overlooked. the<<: entire op- all its lusciousness. he should eat o e.of



t









.
. THE FLORIDA FAIIMER AND FHUIT-GROWEK.



WEATHER AND CROPS. Animal Meal as Feed for Poultry. fed it at tho rate of one pound ]per dayto P
40 hens after I commenced
Soon
Wo have about animal -
For Wook Ending Sept. 18, 1803. meal, to HO save many answering inquiries each l letter fel'tUnlit the soft-seehled I eggs grew

The rainfall during the Pet week averajftnl I will try and explain what it is and its scarce, and finally disappeared entirely.I .
have hud for the last three
I more eggs
below normal for the State as a
uhtjle and was fairly well distributed use.It was introduced as long ago as 1873: months than in any previous year, and Igive
animal meal l'rt'dU.1tIf
Th )gruatur part fell early in the week, and has been gaining in favor ever since. the
Richard Meech[ of Cleveland, Fla.,
tbo'oain t ays being generally fair and It is not a stimulant or condition pow-
I it''iving writes under date of Juno 2 03: "The
much more than the usual!! amount der, as many suppose. who write for a ,
<..r pmuihine. In some! sections the tcm- i pvund by mail, but a true animal food animal meal you sent me has wonderfully
averaged nearly normal, but in i it does not take place of grain, or improved my fowls. My pen of Leghorns ,;-
Northern Florida there was an average : "green stuff of any kind\, but is a substitute gave me 5 i per cent more eggs

oxccfts of from 1 to 4 daily, for the for insects, bugs.: etc., which the since uj-ing it, and chickens arc growing
week, the last; three days being exceptionally fowls get when on a largo range.I faster and better in every way. Shall

) warm for the fooC\bOU The general I say itdoesjnot take the place of,grain:: want another bag shortly
eileet on such crops, as are not yet I etc., but in its use you can do with much Wo could ,give( scores of touch testimonials Shortest Quickest
harvested 1 was beneficial. There in much less grain, as it is" a concentrated feed but have taken up too much space

complaint this week on account of the and very nutritious. already.

splitting and dropping of oranges, as a WHAT IS IT MADE FIloM I Fla. E.: W. AMSOEN.Ornioml .
result of the recent heavy ruins. High Most Attractive
i ii i
winds have also done borne damage recently What is it made from? This is the
caused the of the question usually asked l, and we are glad LADIES
having peel
{ Needing a tonic, or children who want buildInsr -
to be broken by thorns. It is to answer it in the company's own words: up. should take ROUTE
state that tome'! trees have lost; nearly "It is prepared from fresh beef and uiunv.Vs mox HITTKIIS.
Orange fresh bones, which are dried and cooked It is pleasant; cures Malaria, Indigestion,
half their fruit from these causes. Biliousnefcs Liver Complaints and NeuralgiaEFftFftEftE9 UETwt" -
shipping} has commenced; two cars by steam, and then ground to an easily ,
from Volusia county )parsed through digested meal, that is i sold as animal --- Florida Points and the North.

Jacksonville on the Loth en route North. meal (trade mark-registered). It is I It' TUB
It is said that there i is a tendency .on I better than tho prepared' substitute offer
the part of growers generally to ship ed for fresh meal; beef scraps, for Instance -
their fruit as early as possible this reason contains 20 to 'M l per cont. water Florida Central andPeninsular
fresh meat 75 to 80 cent tho animal .. .. .
(per ; .. t--... ..+-..-. .. ..... .
Western DUtrict-The past week was 'I meal, less than 6 insr cent. It also -'.-4- -.--tt-.--....--..-.--...-....--4-..--r4....-....... -.-r. wMlH1 .. .
fair and warm with much more than tho contains one-third thoroughly cooked .t H.- ..
usual'amount of sunshine for the time of bone, which is not found in meat scrap
The toil i is still moist from the l etc.! This is why it is such good feat Why Not Advertise Prices ? ti'1.1

heavy rains of last week hut is dryingout ,:: for young stock. It also contains the al- Many inquiries( uk. Well there i I. 50 much to biKE CITY MICQN
rapidly under the influence warm buminoids carbo-hydrates, which are ay about this fence that we can't attempt to tell ,
The general effect of the found K! abundant in the egg, and tho it all in a small ad. For years we have publUheti
days.
Hinny a ,devoted to Fence
monthly paper wholly Paye
week's weather on crops was good and mineral matter which goes to form the I This i>sent free with descriptive price list to all INN HTIilNTN,

cotton e* peciall much benefited by shall inquirer I
the warm dry Gays, having HiiTcred! from FOWLS IX CONFINEMENT PAGE WOVEN WIRE PENCE CO.. Adrian. I --- TO ---

heavy rains last week. It was a line week must have: a substitute for the insect -. -- Nashville St. Louis and Chicago

fer haying and the unusually favorable they would gather if allowed a range; if Mich.WELLL A ItlH/. W4ttr,CeI..011. ,

weather was taken advantage" of by farm fed on animal meal they will do as well E L L .H G.d CU'VAN ItlO.H..IlIt'* *,.Dltdl,.;Ie,..,.,".Ao....ttiJ',.g. al With m Atlanta but ono fur chamro N I.:w of YOUK sleepers and,KAN8AM connect

ers in completing the harvesting of this as on a range, and, from mv experience MM f. oat f5.. /.*fucyc/jfWla. CITY. The Florida Central and I'onlniular
crop. There is considerable sickness re- better. Thot-e troubled with softshelledeggs '5,0 The'<*?tflw( "Well Works Aurora.lll.tl has nearly TUU miles of track running through
ported from some parts of the district o, Chicago, ; Dll' "es.. Sydney N. S. W. tho
will
;) find a cure in tho feeding of animal ......... ....... Tobarrn Itr sons..Stark '
04) lowest 01 -- -- -- -- ---
igliest temperature, ; ; meal. It I is suitable and will keep 'nrtntnu' ..n,' Jittlry titttlont'
mean, 80; average rainfall, 0.1S.? in any climate. I have used it for two WM. B. 8CHRAEDER, I'rnrh slut _'i'ruC'lwrrJl..d..,
Northern District. -limn fell on the Or,,nf/r, llntiann mid 1'lnfapplc' Country
yean and kept it in stock all outrider l'hoepharr llelt.
first three days of the week but the remaining and never had a pound nail\ \\ on my lint th" A'ifrrr fijtrlny anilTlif
UBBRDBU of
,:: days were generally clear with hands, or get wormy, and everyone who Othrr NIn, 'itC'.y.
considerable hazinexf. The first two and limit II tut tity\ Country.
has lived in Florida' over one summercan Itrnehr the .Vofnf ftfMttffJro..
last three were unusually warm; the how difficult it
testify is to keep
any Has tho best. lands for tillage Contest variety
average daily excess of temperature for thing in the feeding line from being eaten of soils in tho State, and above all
tho five days averaged 1 5 degrees at Jacksonville up by weevil or full of webs caused GRADE JERSEYS. RUHR over tho Central RldKeland
; the average excels for the week I by a minute worm.. Whero It Is High and Healthy.
was 4 degrees. Crop proyi>ects continue Animal meal i is not a substitute for Propernuatowns flll its mutu and It offers
Cane and sweet doing the beat freight facilities for any produce to
good. potatoes are grit.: as Homo would have us
suppose. Bulls Cows and Hcifore for rale.WAVEULY tho Northern market Send for the popularsong
well and all vegetation is thriving Pasture While it contains one-third bono, it is in -

*; are good. Oranges arc splitting; and such minute particles and soft that it's "MY FLORIDA HOME."

dropping in homo! grove' The weather worthless as .grit.. FARM( 1 Leon County, near with Its spirited wonln and beautiful music
was favorable for cotton picking.;; highest Oyster shell, or cracked bone, or both descriptivo of an actual Florida Home and
tenij eraturv, 00) ; lower! (OS; mean arc :a neccj-sity in Florida, where "gravelis which in Rotten up In elctrant style-aix paves'
of full sired best muslo containing WIO
HO: average rtiufall,1.39;; inches. not found and tho Kind i is too fine to Tallahassee! Fla, a picture of a home In lrlorida and a hunting
entral I itoitrict'fho warm days: following bo of any service for grinding material. scene. It la mailed on receipt of 10 cent (in
thc heavy showers of last week Hundreds, nucll I may thousinds die stamps' to pay expense I of distribution.))
and the early part of this were more benuficlal I annually for tho want of my grit. The How.I Scud) and also note for tho the town best on Ills of"Jute.Florida(Benttrt.'C

to all vegetation. At Plant City ker CompanfUl'Ilish oyster ash A. 0 )fA.cI>OSELI,(J.}' A.,
Hillsborough county, rain fell every day I of 100 IMMIIIUS each, thoroughly wash, Tlltt''s Pills i Jacluonvllle, FU.

previous to the 10th. On the 13th: 2.32 dried and made sweet, then reduced to a -

inches fell, the total for \\eekboing size that parses through a screen of \1- The Florida Central &
5.70 inches the wet weather in that section -
; inch mesh. d'bag'viii last fifty to HOVI will rare tbo dyspeptic from many
was injurious to crops i and delayed I euty-five fouls a year. They should be days of misery and eaabt him to sari Peninsular R. R. Co.
outdoor work. Orange groves are doing kept in a dry place, where the fowls can Wbat.vor b*nlsbvs. Ttivy pr veat
fairly well, but there i is much splitting I get them at all times. Offers to Shippers
and dropping- fruit reported 1 from some Animal meal is alro; fed to pigs) with Sick Headache
sections. The shipment of lemons continues excellent rc,ults. You who are trying ana.the food to a"*'lmllat.and aowr The Shortest and Quickest Route
: and light shipments of oranges the Berkshire! and odder thoroughbred varieties tan tile body* five keen appstlts sad BETWEEN

were made from tome f sections during should also try animal meal as a Flesh FLORIDA AND ALL POINTS.IN
the week. A correspondent in Volusiagounty Develop
THE EAST AND WEST.
writes that 00 per cent. of the oranges feed.We havn't: aid all that could be paid! infavor and solid muscle. Elegantly a_
in his vicinity arc "brightr"lhgltest of animal meal as a poultry feed. eoat d. Price, 23cts.: per box. With la Improved better equipped Ventilated than Can ever this ever company to

temi cratury, OS; lowest, OS; Wo have never used! a* much of it as in SOLD EVERYWHERE.Qranges. handle the Orange and Vegetable Crop,and
mui, 80; average rainfall, 1.05. the last six months :and wo have never --- Insure clow connections and prompt despatch
to all I'tyteru and Wo.temI.rkoc.
Southern trict.-The weather conditions raiHxl as strong; healthy chickens or
for the week wore nearly normal, I chickens that have made. such wonderful Through, cars to destination with-

and were beneficial to tho agricultural interests I I growth.: nor has our flock ever been so S eve Your out change or delay.

of this! section. The preparation healthy: in touch good\ condition. Our I Perishable freight followed by who and
of ground for and the planting of pineapple I.I flock numbers fully 800 at the present By the new process (patented) for presenrioir ihlpper0 advUrd tlrao desUnatlon. Junction -
and arrival at
plants and clearing land for planting time, and not a !hick or di>ea>cd chickenor oranges in their natural condition fur months. I' All points claims for overcharges and io&s promptly
citrus tree' working orange groves, fowl on the place,and there hasn't beenfor This can be done at very small cost w
etc., have engaged tho attention of growers .: two months. We Ji\'tT" the credit to oranges. now'8a; refer in perfect to Officials condition faxco Co.put for up particular in November See that your goods are markedvia
this week. No damage is reported to I animal meal to a great extent. I am not and sale of right..*. Address M. II. WBVK& F. C. & P. R. R.
and there to be I & Co., St. Leo Pas o. Fla., or Dade City Fakco
bcems general
any crop, alone in this |prn t'e. I could furnish a Co.. Fla For Information call on or address the un-
satisfaction with the present outlook. hundred testimonials frOm mrties in I' denltme<< :
Guavu+ are almost gone. Highest. tern- Florida.Mr. c. &. TA VLOK. Trav A'<
J>eraun'{ 80; lowest, 72:!; mean, 80; average S. S. 'apen, of Capen & Co., of 9OWLINO 2 GREEN ACADEMY 0 w.. M.|II.IIOf.DRN.Trmv.TUCK Est: Oen. A'AVU,'t, Orlando.IxjeiburgFla.ElL .

; rainfall \M inches.E. Winter> I'ark"ritl* under date of Aug. W It. JlU l.r It. Tn" A'I!:I, Tampa, Fla.
r n. 8raw V -Op as 8. 7th, Thorough
II. DEMAIN, Director.! 25'tJ, $, "On the first day of May \ boughtof ab.olat.tr..domfromhams c nn.qua pt.ll! bodth retard. Or N.S. PKNNINOTON, Traffic Manasur.JackRonvlUe.Fla., .

Jacksonville, FU., Sept 19,1893, you 100 pounds* of animal meal l and r.t.a.Wa,14111M".......tui.aagattormlrowecwtal .glare I M.A.V>.f,-an w, if. I'LEASNT8,General Freight 1rt..i27 .





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F




: FLORIDA FARMER ND FRUIT GROWER. 628-

J _." -' .- -' -- .- -- ." .. .- --
-
-

A Big Yankeo Kick. eggs in the body of the worm. These A Shrowd Guess. "CENT-A-WORD" COLUMN.

Floridians are not the only people eggs hatch and become grubs or mag Is not your diagnosis of climatic _.

which live the of the influences in the of To insure insertion In this column, advertise
body demanding use
who are unhappy in their railroad gots upon ments must be accompanied by the money.

management. From a late number of helpless host and finally, making their alcoholic liquors at fault somewhat? Advertisements must not exceed fifty words.

the Boston Journal we make an extract way through its back, spin the white, A family where both parents use to- Postage Count Stamps every word received,Including: in payment.name and address

silken its Here bacco coffee and lots of it --.---- -- -- -... "
cocoons upon body. ; strong ;
from a letter by Messrs. Snow & Co. HOICK Orange and Grape Fruit Trees for sale.
C
After setting forth the wretchednessof they change to pupa and shortly afterto with corn bread or saleratus biscuits; All leading varieties: can furnish a full line

the service and the exorbitant rates flies, which escape, to repeat the meats, and especially pork; with vegetables of Deciduous every particular.trees; packing Catalogue guaranteed after October firstclassin ute

paid by fruit shippers, Snow & Co. work from year to year. Now it will if any at all, swimming in I.( W. AND F. D. WAIT Magnolia Nurseries,
llelleview Fla.
; 9-Jj-ut
appear to our readers that tomato grease; where these are the staple ar- -
say regarding the New York, New ---- -----

Haven and Hartford railroad: "To worms upon which these white cocoonsare jicles of diet three times a day, day FOR SALK grove.-38 5 years acres on old beautiful, cheap. lake A. F.; a LAMB acres,

state the position in brief, we are compelled seen should not be killed. They in and day out, year in and year out; Huntington, Fla. 9.JJ-5t

to patronize your road whetherwe will die anyway, and to kill them wouldbe where fruits are said to be unwholesome THIS IS Tl1E SI ASON-to--feed ANIMAL MVA L.

desire to do so or not. 2. For to destroy their natural destroyers. and grains and cold breads are bring a good price. You can't get
them without Animal Meal. It in splendid bur
such service as you choose to renderwe e rejected as unpalatable: are not families young stock and moulting hens. $s.tyo per sack
Bind the Fruit Grower. with such diet as indicated above of 100 pounds f. o. b. 1'ala km. K. W. AMIDE,
are obliged to a sum that even -
pay Kditor; Farmer and PI uit-Growet: Ormond Fla. 9"'JJ' .. 4'
the ones that find the climate demands ...
the Pullmans would raise their hats to. ---- -
If you have not 60 cents to pay for SALK-One Horse, hocking Valley,8-
a little whisky? I think the gospel of FOR
3. That such service is bad and is binder here is that will I Grain Drill, will sow all kinds of seed,
earning loss to all ot a one cost you : good cooking is the place to begin this grass, oats, rice cow peas, etc.; will also dlttribute -
great patrons only the labor. Take the numbersfor commercial fertilizer. Cost $75, is nearly
work. The dietetic sins of
road At the best with temperance in condition will load at
your 4. a new perfect on cars
the them !
and
service little i year jog up neatly at this country are many and great. I Lawtey Fla., for f jo. J. W. C. 1'JCTSft 9"2J.3''
perfect by your company,
--- -- -- -
back and top and lay them on the
satisfaction can be expected by the have yet to find the first case of ex FOR SALK or exchange one four-year-old bull!;
floor. Take a tenpenny wire nail and cessive use of intoxicants that the Durham, half Jersey; and one bull calf,
grower and shipper of peaches this drive the inch from half Jersey from a four-gallou cow. CIIAS. W.
through pile one
in the victim did not use both tobacco and CAMPBELL, Sit., Ocala, Marion Co. aj-iot
season, consequence ot present the and half inch from the back
top a -
coffee and to It is
widespread depression in all branchesof usually excess. new, -Horse Acme Pulverizing l Harrow,
them the floor. In ONE
business. The of pinning lightly to diet and not climate that makes de 6 feet wide; will put on car at Lawtey,
5. industry the same manner drive a nail one inch mand for Keck )Via., for f 20.00. J, W. C. PKTBKft. 9-aj-Jt
intoxicants.-Irving --
growing and handling peaches, giving from the bottom and half inch from in Bartow Courier. A THIRTY-INC11 I1ICYCLK for tale. Ball

employment to so many needy people, the back, and then one midway be. bearing, pneumatic tire. Price forty-fie''
---- a -----
must be discontinued under the dollars. Also some new one a* fine a*any on
as
tween the two. Draw the nail from Deafness Cannot be Cured the market for eighty-five dollars. W. G.TILOU-
present condition nothing but disap MAN, Palatka, Fla. 9-16-jt
the and the hole made
top put through by local applications, as they cannot -- --
and loss
pointment pecuniary can by it a piece of strong twine, tying reach the diseased portion of the ear. FOR SALH-Wild turkey thoroughly domes

come from a continuance of it, and the ends firmly at the back. Then in There is only one way to cure deafness ___ __ J._EVANS_-_ ,--Picolata.-- u .. --- 9-9-61 k k"t
we shall withdraw from the business 117 ANTKD- Real Estate Improved -Florida'
like manner draw the bottom and -
and that is constitutional
by ** give locations, full de
unless attention by to our Land, 5 or to acres;
prompt you middle nails, fastening with twine as remedies. Deafness is caused by an scription and price. A. M. SCOTT, 49 Walnut It:
interests can be depended in the Illinois. 2t
upon and the Champaign 9 9
at the top you have numbers inflamed condition of the mucous lin .
------- -- -------
future. The fable the
killing goose strongly bound. For a cover-get a ing of the Eustachian Tube. When LIMONA TRIPOLI AT A-Thrifty' for
that lays the golden egg you may re 3 for 30 cents; to for 75 cent;by treght,
piece of strong manilla paper (a paper this tube is inflamed have l !
you a rum. per too f5 packed to carry safely longdistance
member, and also something about the flour sack will do) and after pastingthe sound and Address: L. W. KKRVAN Norwalk);:,Fla. 9.s-4t
bling or imperfect hearing, ,
--- ------ -- -- --
last straw that broke the vertebra? of
back of the volume draw the cover when it is entirely closed Deafness is SHELL POND NURSKRY.-Satsuma Orange
the camel. it. .,the hardiest the world,on five ,ear-
....e- tightly over the result, and unless the inflammation old trifoliata stock; will bear in one pr two
The farmer or horticulturist, the .can be taken out and this tube year JAS. I'. DsPAS, Lake City Florida.

Fertilizing for Flavor. florist or poultry raiser, or the family, restored to its normal condition, hear o-a_ 16LIMONA

The American Agriculturist in re can hardly find so valuable a book of ing will be destroyed forever nine TKIFOLIATA.-Thrifty Seedling,
; for for for :
3 joe.; 10 750.; too a3.
viewing some of the experiments of reference as'the' FRUIT GROWER, anda cases out of ten are caused by catarrh, By freight, f. o. b., $S.oo per 100. L. W. Ka*-

Prof. Goessmann at the Massachusetts few minutes' labor will preserve in which is nothing but an inflamed con VANE Norwalk!_Fla._ 9-a-4t_

Agricultural College, and others, for proper shape what during the year dition of the mucous surfaces.We WANTED, To BTJY.-Five Hundred to 1,000

the past few years says that they have they will many times wish they could will give One Hundred Dollarsfor y bright Boxes Orange; preler St.on John the tree.River Must fruit.be 8S Must percent

shown that certain chemical fertilizers. lay their hands on if they have it not. any case of deafness (caused by be cheap. Will move bruit and by Fruit November 1st.
Address CASH,care Farmer Grower.
have a marked influence in developing Gio. W. HASTINGS. catarrh that cannot be cured byHall's ."t
) 9" _______
particular characteristics of fruit. Interlachen Fla. Catarrh Cure. Send for circulars H"
__-*-_--, FLORIDA SURD RYK.-Our own
Previous improvements in plants have free.F. growing; hence we can guarantee seed a.
The Earth Was His Bank. ;
genuine Florida Rye. We will handle no other
been almost wholly by means of cross We are only able to that we entirely J. CHENEY & CO., Toledo, O. seed rye. Sample sent on application. Supply
ing varieties by selection and cultiva- say 16r Sold limited. Price, f o. b. i peck '1.00; I bushel or
with of the by Druggists, 7Sc. bushel.
Cash with order Address
agree one largest more fj.oo per : -
The food of the
tion.
plant having
KXCELSIOR SBKD FARM Keuka, Florida.
-- ------------ -------
farmers( the State who
in on return
been seemingly unthought of save in a o-j-tf __ _
ing home from Richmond a few days Strawberries
general way, beyond the accepted fact CONSUMPTIONSURELY WANTKD tenant to grow
ago, where he had been to try to col. Address "Strawberries," care of
that fertility was necessary'hat CURED.To FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER, Lawtey Via.ORANGH .
lect about $1,000 due to him for pro .
fertility means is but vague idea to THE ED iron-Please inform reader *
ducesold from his farm and had failedto your GROWKRS. lam agent for the
nearly! every farmer or fruit grower. that I have a positiro remedy for the Sizer n ade. and a Fertiliser
said his wife
MI I
collect
That it signifies quality of fruit as well a cent, to : above named disease. By its timely use, Distributor that will pay for itself in one season;
seldom thank God I am a farmer. We have thousands of hopeless cases hard been permanently WI tie for prices, etc C. A. BUONB, Orlando, Fla. '
allowed but
quantity is tor, 8-if.-
i6t
stock of live stock of all kinds cured. I shall be to send ....
-- -
a large glad ------ ---- -

such is the fact provided the fertility splendid crops and abundance of two bottles of my remedy free to any of your $75.00.. to $250 00.. can MONTHLY be made
consists in the constitutents of readers who haro if
proper will
to feed stock and consumption they working for n. F. JOHNSON & Co., Richmond, Va.
everything our ourselves
plant food. I How I important it is then send me their express and post office address. -- - ----- .

that we more attention to the for twelve months at least Bespectfally, T. A. Slocum, )[.O.t. BALK-Noonan and Cloud StrawberryPlants. "
pay while the merchants and people in the No. 183 Pearl Street, New York.PATLKTS : Discount on large order. endln/
question of fertilizer*!1Vhen small early. R. II. SMITH, Lawtey Fla. 8tl 4tEPR
-- -
-- .
have neither food the
city nor means ---- -- -
; v' .i.Ow GUAVA. Hardy u'thf'
fruit or large, fine flavored or tasteless
SALK-Double Carriage and DoubleSetSilver
wherewith to buy it.Ve can wait orange very prolific: ; fine fruit. Now It
puffy or iruit with the melting the time to plant. 10 strong plant 11.73. T. K. Mounted Harness. W. II. POWERS,

quality, freedom from disease or mildew without suffering, while they must GODBRY._ Waldo. Fla._. ___ __ ____ 9-i6-2t Lawtey.. -. Fla ----- 8-ia-tf

iruit which will keep (good ship largely suffer and go into debt until 1LORIDA'S advantage for small inveMMments, SALK-Abbaka Slip and Golden OUt't'uSuck
the wheels of commerce running r see' "Real Estate Journal" Arcadia, Fla. I en now ready for delivery. F. N.l'alca,
ping fruit) or that which will soon get $t.oo per year: sample with state map to cent Olando, Via Box 449. 8-ia-jt
We do without their ,
again. can help 4.2J-um
late ripening fruit- ---- ----- -
decay, early or ---- --- ---
for a time without inconvenience or MEAL makes h'nl1ay. Write to H QJTRAWIWRRY PLANTS-CJoud'a Seedlings,
when these conditions be largely ANIMAL & Noonan Improved and ), .
may .
(' Orrnoud. Fla. for_Information._
loss, whilst they must sooner or later for delivery after August ith. Send for
influenced controlled by the heady
perhaps come to us (for our produce to enable FOR SALK-Parson Drown Orange, Carney if you want to buy 0. II.ALDBN, LAW-
kind 01 fertilizers applied, the impor- I and other Citrus Fruit Trees; all on Icy, Fla. __ ___ 84CtSUMMIT
them to live. He was right, and sour stock trained to rtake. J. II. TCRHLEY '
tance of the subject in apparent.All NURSERIES 1>. L. rierson, Monti
Lake Weir Fla.. KxceUior Nurseries 7-'J.ut
this is the strength of the farmer's po Fla. Large Stock of fine tree; low
.e. sition.-Southern Planter. TJAXCYPIGKONS-Bought,sold and exchanged. price Special terms for early order Drop
who raise tomatoes have ob 1 Write for what you want. Stamp for reply. postal for new list &s-tot
-.- ---- r.LOYD GJR ANT UulyJ.ake.Jfti. 7-aS_- atInfiff ----
served that the tomato worm-it is the It is a great thing for a young man to 000' Kxtra Fine Improved Neunan- 300. VIRST-C.ASS improved-TOO.UUU --

same as the tobacco worm-is often get out.a little ami como in contact With and Cloud Strawberry Plants Mn strawberry giants'foe
sale thousand f. b. N. THOMAS_,
covered with what seem to be long other J people nnd gee how they live. B.F. I guaranteed for ale fi.35 PCDUY per 1.000 Jt Fu.tK f. o. b.Lawtev,11 Good packing.. Lawtey; f 1.15, Fla.a o. gGt. -
Jo & Co. Richmond Vrt
white eggs fastened to the body of the J giving lU'On many! young, men a chance, to, are do 7.29-8t - _______ ____ __ T OUISIANA GRASS-tpaspalum( p14tllenurc,

tomato worm at right angles. Theseare the in FOR SALK for cash,time or trade orange groves, the best permanant pasture grass for Florida.
tills, and at same time !put mony and timber lands. K. RCMLKY, Keuka, Cuttings at $za3 a barrel, f. o. b. W,II. POWER,
cocoons of a fly that deposits its bank rapidly. Try them.and see. Fla. 3-I i.i6t Lawtey.,Fla. 6J4iotTHE

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"1
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629 THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-UKOWrER.
I --

ATLANTA PLOWS '"


MANUFACTURED IN THE SOUTH.


The South, is dependent solely upon its Farming and
Manufacturing interests for prosperity. Now, don't you,
a Southern planter, consider it your duty to patronize
Southern Manufacturers, everything being equal ?

. The manufacturers of ATLANTA. PLOWS guarantee.
to MAKE everything equal.


SOFT EXTRA
CENTER HARDENED
.
STEEL CRUCIBLE
MOULD STEEL

...
BOARDS POINTS.Atlantti .
.
..
B1ne1.: Land Plowc.


FOR PALL PLOWING THE

ATLANTA CLIPPER STEEL BEAM PLOWSARE

UNSURPASSED. .

WE HAVE ALSO CHILLED PLOWS, CAST PLOWS,
BLACK a* STICKY LAND STEEL PLOWS,
I
SPADING HARROWS, ETC.THE .
,
r- .
BRAND "ATLANTA PLOWS" IS A GUARANTEE OF EXCELLENCE.WRITE .
US AT ONCE FOR PRICES.

THE SOUTHERN AGRICULTURAL WORKSP.

.O.BOX 486. ATLANTA, GEORGIA.

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THE FLORIDA KA11MKH AND FliUlT-GHOWEU. 630




SAVANNAH LINE.Time Clyde Steamship Co.


53 to 55 hours between Savannah, New York and Philadelphia, and -
CHARLESTON
NEW YORK HNDFIiflqiDI SZ-r1
between Boston and Savannah, 65 to 70 hours. .

.... .
'! ... *" -
OCEAN STEAMSHIP COMPANY. ..s .
,. ": "'-'
: -J1PrLI
.r....:. .Z
f
i

.

,
a

.. ,
a.



The magnificent Steamships of this Line are appointed -

to sail as follows, calling at Charleston, S. C.,

both ways :
(STANDARD TIME.)
Po..o&o; Rates s From New York. From Jacksonville! ,
Between and Intermediate, Kzcurslon $43-5! (Pier '9, K. R.) STKAMKR Florid'
Jacksonville New York: First-class, $25.60 ; $19.00;
Tuesday Aug 29th, at 3 pm .... .. ..'ALGONQUIN".... Sunday. Sept 3d, at 1030 a mItriday.
$
Steerage 12.50. Sept i tat 3 pm ........."SKMINOLK". .....Thursday Sept ?that ijopra:
Jacksonville and Boston : Cabin $27.00; Intermediate $11.00 i Excursion $47.30; Steerage; tU.'S Tuesday, Sept 5th, at 3 pm ........."CHKKOKKK"....... Sunday Sept loth, at 4:00: am
The magnificent Steamships of this Company are appointed to..n&l follows: Friday, Sept 8that 3 pm ......."ALGONQUIN,."... ..Thursday, Sept I4th, at 8:00am:
Tuesday. Sept I ah, at 3 pm..sH\IINOI.U. ....... Sunday. Sept 17th..tloooam:
FROM SAVANNAH TO NEW YORK. Friday, Sept 15th. at 3 pm..... .. ..CIIHRuKHn..Thuf1lClay. Sept aitt,at 12:30: p ra
(Central or Meridian Time.] Tuesday Sept I9th, at 3 pm... ..'ALGONQUIN": ..... . Sunday, Sept 24th, at 3:30: am
90 .... .... .......
Frida Sept azd, at 3 pm "SKMlNOUt" Thursday, Sept aSlh. at 6w: am
Kansas City..... ............ ....f ........... .........................Sunday Oct.Nacoorhre. lit Io.ooa.m Tuesday. Sept 26th, at 3 pm ... .. .."CHKROKKK" .... Sunday Oct it, stgooam:
.......................'v'...f........ ........ .......... ....Tueday Oct 3d. 12.00 n'n Friday Sept 29th, at 3 pm .......uAI.GONQUIN..Thunday. Oct 5tn, at lOpm:
City of Augusta . .. ............ ...._.;/......... .... ...... Friday,Oct. 6th, 3.oop.m
Chat'.hoot-b..e....... ............................... ................Saturday. Oct. 7th 4.00.U1 ---
Kansas City .............. .. .......... ..................Monday, Oct. 9th. SoJOp.m
City of llrmlnjItaiii .............................................Wednesday, Oct. nth, 6.30 a.m
Nacoochre .... ............s.............................................. Friday, Oct. ijth 8.ooa.m ST. JOHNS RIVER LINE.For .
Tallahas. .......... ...................................... .......... Saturday, Oct. llth, 7.oop.m
City of Augusta... .............................................. ... Monday, Oct. 16th, 7.30 PChattalioorhre Sanford and Intermediate Points .
.......... ..........................a.r..f..f....... Wednesday, OCt. 16th, 12.00 n'n Enterprise on
Kansas City..... ....................................................... Friday. Oct. aoth 1.30 p.m
City of lilrmlncham. .................. .. .......................Saturday, Oct. aist, 2.30p.m the St. Johns River. .
Narooclire... ... .........a..u.......... ............ ............ .Monday, Oct. 23d. ,.00 p.m -_ ___ j*k
Tallahassee ..... .............................................. ....Wednesday Oct. ajth 5.00 a.m Steamer is appointed to sail as follows:
City..of Augusta:. ... ................................a.............. ...Friday. Oct. 17th, 7.00 a.ro cc A
Chattahoorher...... .............f..r................... ........ .....Saturday, Oct. aSth, 7x0 p.m E''''e1.ulacle: ,
Kansas City..................... .....................................Monday Oct. joth 7.3op.m Capt. W. A. SHAW.

FROM SAVANNAH TO BOSTON. From Jacksonville *ta's and Saturdays at 5.00 p.m.; returning,leave Sanford Thursdaysand

Clt, of Macon ................... .... ... .. ......... .. .... .... ...Thursday, Oct 5th l. op.m Mondays at 5 00 a.m., and Enterprise at 5.30
Date (.ity..l..r..a......... ..... ... ..... ....Thul1ldayoctI2th, 7 jpmCltyofMacon General Passenger and Ticket Office, 88 West Bay St., Jacksonville
.... .... ............. .. .... .... .... .. .. ....... .. .Thursday 19th, Ia.3op.m
Gate VI tT.... ........................ .... ................ .. ...........Thursday, Oct a6th, 5.30 p.m TII M.\ II.EOa CIA'Di T. KUKK: :, Assistant, Traffic Traffic Manager Manager 5 UonUng Bowling Grt n.Green New York.New York.

FROM SAVANNAH TO PHILADELPHIA.This ..\. .1. COM:, Passenger Agent 5 Bowling) Green, New York.
F. 31. IKONMONGKIt: Jr., Florida l'aMrnger Agent &S West Day St., Jacksonville Fla.
( Ship does tOT Carry Passengers.) JOHN I.. IIOWAUI) Florida Freight' Agent foot Laura Street, Jacksonville.. Fla.

Ilessoua... ............................... .. ......a..a.f.......a..Wednesday.Oct 4th. ta.3op.rn J. A. LESLIE, Superintendent, foot Laura Street Jacksonville Iota.WM. .
Ies.o1lR.f......................... .......... .......... ........... r. Saturday Oct Mth 8.3oa.m
Ia.soug ...................... .......... .. ........... ......... .. ......Tuesday, Oct 24tb, 4.30 p.mrrIIESE P. CLYDE & CO., Qen'l Agents,
IS South Delaware Avenue), Philadelphia. n Bowling Orren. New York.
PALACE, STEAMERS,

Connecting with the Savannah Florida and Western Railway (Waycrocs Short Line), offer to the JOHN L. MARVIN, J. P. TALIAFERRO,
Traveling public and Shippers advantages equalled by no other line. i President. Vice-President.
Through Ticket and Bins of Lading issued to principal points North Rut and Northwest via
H. T. BAY THOS. W. CONRAD
Savannah. For information and rooms apply to ,
J. I'. BKCKWITH. Sol. Agent W. II. LUCAS Fla. Pass. Agent Cashier. Assistant Cashier.
71 West Bay Street Jacksonville. 71 West Bay Street Jacksonville CAPITAL $100,000.
R. L. WALKKR. Agent C. G.ANDERSON Agent
New Pier No. 35, North River New York. City Exchange Building. Savannah Ga '
RICHARDSON & BARNARD. Agents, Lewis' Wharf, Boston. THE MERCHANTS' NATIONAL BANK
W. L. TAMES Agent, it 8. Third Street, Philadelphia.
J.b. HASHAGHN, astern Agent, Sav., Fla. & Western Ry. Co., 261 Broadway. N. Y. ,
A. DeW. SAMPSON General Agent W. I;. ARNOLD Gen. Tray. P.... Art., Jacksonville. Fla JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA,
Washington .t.. Boston. W. II. RIIKTT. Genera( Agent,
For Tics apply to S., P. & W. Railway office. 317 Broadway New York. Respectfully solicits your Deposits, Collections and General
1

Dandy Garden Plow. Bonking. Business.. .. .
-- ------- -- ------
CORRESPONDENCE INVITED.
-- -.
DIRECGTORfe 4!! s

John L. Marvin, A. B. Campbell Chas. Marvin,
Jas. P. Tallaforro, T. W. Roby Judgo R. B. Archibald,
W. O. Ctarkson C. B. Rogers W. M. Davidson
.... Dr. H. Robinson. John E. Hartrldge.W. .

A. DOUKS. KHTAHMSHKD 1875. J. B. DOUR3.
""

WILLIAM A. BOURS & CO.,


l -. M Grain Garden Seeds and Fertilizers,


tsas 'LCP3T XIJVY carr., j-vci orcvir i.ic, J&IA

We Handle Only tho Best and.Most.R"llablo Seeds. A Comple Stock of


Hay, Corn, Oats, Flour Bran, Wheat, Grits, Meal,


Cotton Seed Meal Both Bright and Dark.STATKIAGKNTSIFOR .

..
.,
t .i.'tRi.;. 'PURE GROUND BONE

..r .Y '....w.ti Ik
1, Pl gert- Ilen Fertilizer Co. NITRATE SODA,

W t '
Star Brand Fertilizers l WWi MURIATE OF POTASH
Tkh Plow is constructed almost entirely of iron; is very strong, durable and yet11t ,

t, weighing only 22 pounds. The high wheel makes it of very light draft GUARANTEED ANALYSIS. iMK SULPHATE POTASH,. .
The implement makes gardening pleasant and profitable. With it a

man can do a man's work and half the work of a horee. We furnish with this Orange Tree and Vegetable r KAINIT, Etc," t:
plow a sweep and a turn-ehovel as well as the bull tongue shown in the cut. Man-
u&eturer's ".00. Price with the 14.;6 or given as premium for five FERTILIZER.
}price, paper, a These FerUlizeri ban no superior in the market and a trial will conrin .
new subscribers. Send for Catalogue (ne. .

i




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Gal TIlE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER., .
-----

,
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8yY K L.GOODSKU,, 'ZB F K I..I..GOODSKLL '{
o c Q
O FLORIDA ORANGES. O 3 CALIFORNIA FRUITS. 8
g
94SVJACKSONVILLE. Day St. 1006 Second St.,
Oc

()
8 FLA A & SACRAMENTO GAI.oaoeao ." >$
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A Prize of 50.00 Cashlto Florida- Orange Growers



--
JlEltEUY offer a prize of fM.OO) cash,competition open to all Florida orange shippers who the proceeds of thcsalo, without interest;and I will also advance and (pay the local Crehtht.My -.
I sendtheirorangesviamy DlltKVT: sTKAMKUS:: : TO I:sn I.ASU, to have Fernan- charge for handling and Rolling the mil is ftl; cents per box. ThU:chanre.together
.dla, Flm.,about Xo'cmbcr'1.t'an.lo'cmbcr 15th. This prize will be awarded to the with the local freight charge will be the KNTIUK: COST thus enabling tho shipper to figure
shipper whoso fruit is packed the bw't, most careful and lands in England in the best condi exactly tho price of marketing his fruit in l urol'c.
tion and 1'II11ur tho highcstinet average results, tho judge) and decision to bo governed Shippers of KM J )boxes and over will have the proceed of the wile of their fruit In their
wholly by tho sales which necessarily will tw the highest for the best fruit in tho best condi hands three days after tho sale In England.:

tion.The STEAMERS whlch;'shall engage in this service. for this season will bo tho best for The time is come when Florida must look for other market than tho United States,
the purpose obtainable. and as a decision must be arrived at whether or not tho orange growers of Florida will support
TilE LOADING, which of the utmost importance will be under my lCrsonallupcr'u- me in affording an outlet for their fruit I ask each shipper) I interested tho subject of
ion,and on arrival I in Knglandtbcfrult! :>ill be handled and sold in the best European) fruit extending market to write me,advising If I can depend on him either for:tho wholo or
market(Liverpool) by tho most experienced and well known fruit auctioneers. part of his rop.. This project deserves tho support of all Florida shippers.
To those desiring it, I will make an advance of 65 cents per box, to bo deducted from Yours very truly .


E. L. G-OQDSELL
,

103 :P0.1.1.: Place, New Yox-lt Oity

Address for tho present all. letters to New York. My Jacksonville office will be open( about October 15th. Stencils will bo furnished on application.( Box material and paper furWAXTKD -

nbbed at lowest:}nice.Au1x s nt rrery 'J'JII'11|, point to ,oil,." lmlnf' for tnr, both for exhort and domestic '111,.. ,P


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H. L. COODSKLL, CAMPION,GOODSKUv&Co., X<>
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8 CALIFORNIA! FLORIDA FRUITS CALIFORNIA 0 SPANISH FRUITSGvp O

Dock Street C 8 15 rhllpot Lane, C)

:J2\.. PIIILADL'LPIIIA PA. A oKc3oaeaooaeeoeaaoeoooo.. C

& aoeaeoaeeaaaeeoeaeoaao

-


jaeksoniiille el, Tampa & (K[ey ]W)jf e es* Railway go. USE ONLY Manufactured FERTILIZER by the



Joseph II. Durkce Receiver L. B. Darling Fertilizer Co., 1


THE
: ,4 p$s OF PAWTUCKET, R. I.

'Trunk* Line
to t :' tJ.Tio.w.) Tropical i
r NO OTHERS GIVE EQUAL RESULTS.

r,., Extending( Fouthward from Jacksonville, excel I
\ I
in equipment and service, reach all
t.'w'' prominent winter and Hummer 0. H. WEEKS: State Agent, Jacksonville;; Fia.IJIock .
... :" No. 8 no.twl Corner Hay "I1<<1.\I.ln Streets
$ .t Atie .epee 1\ .
send for 1'ocknt Memoranda Hunk.FTEIl '
; ; 'yD PLEASURE RESORTS ----- --_ --- -- ----

: of{Florida. Through-train pervice with Parlor, 71 : 8 veara experience
t U Pullman, Juliet, and Sleeping-cars @/ in f Horida: th _..
'"w.. : 4l + ?' ,, carry you through nearly all varieties of
+
fowl, we have settled downon
e--- .. yr ; ," Orange Groves Fruit Farms the following as tho l lust.
'
.e> ; suited to thin climate:
t r socru t..4 O
: llrotrn ii put H*. l.1.I"fIllOr..
Gardens
A Vegetable din rrrel to ail "". I'. /{<'*.,
Sh, 1 r.M....4 (101,1,.,. It'i/antlnt,
Plantations JiullnnSllrrr (1It"r..
p Iii. Pineapple Spa nyItlnrk 11.", 1m rp.r
r L unp.iruu.,
.. Mines lIlCJ''IlII'rkh. 11".10.. fIlrousr _
.. Phosphate rflrl.'ry.
K r r.t.

y'V 9 Cocoanut Fields, : FOWLS FOR-SALE. iE- k..

_
: -" '. }
.. .
t. r AND ALONG THE
-)} EGGSTO HATCH.INCUBATORS
.
a ... .
St. Johns River, -
Ms.1 **
tie Indian River,
AND BR000ERSrPOUITRYSUPPIIESOF
Lake Worth, -

.
tiffForming; a New Route to

I.. ALL KINDS.
NAY r r hrrr BISCAYNE BAY.
-
r
ANIMAL MEAL MAKES
Direct Lino to TAMPA PUNTA CORDA and Gulf Harbors. HENS LAY; YOUNG r

TIME STOCK STRONG. 1 '
YOU T)Y purchasing tickets via Jacksonville, Tampa AU -
WI LL { TROUBLE l.ey 'test It')". Send for largo snap of Florida,
AND free by mail, with other information of interest Illufttrated catalogue free
SAVE TRANSFERSR. to any tuidn' .

B. CABLE W. B. COFFIN, O. D. ACKERLY, E. W. AMSDEN,
Goaer l:Manarer.{ Superintendent. General Pauenger Agent Qrmond" Fin






".