Florida farmer & fruit grower
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055765/00296
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: S. Powers
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: September 16, 1893
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note: Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038466
oclc - 01387403
notis - AKM6256
lccn - sn 95026761
System ID: UF00055765:00296
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen

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a'.oo.ear.. JACKSONVILLE. FLA.. SEPTEMBER 10, 1893. Whole No. 12H7 Vol.NEW V,s No.>aileg 37.

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Contain a list and description of the Choicest and Most Profitable varieties of the Citrus
Pineapple Plants from the West Indies family which we have selected front over one hundred different varieties grown,and tested by us
in our extensive experience of seventeen years We carry one of

The Largest Stocks of Citrus Trees in the United States.
Correspondence solicited.
Send for circulars. Address R. W, r I H R Ce.
MELBOURNE FLA. SuBfel nm,Lake Co.,Via,

Iff JIUJ.l.\l TltllKS FOX I'ltOVVCTlOX AX1) }'llOf'lTBUyof

the Well-Known Reliable Tenyears'testedGLEN ONE MILLION FRUIT TREES, I

ST. MARY NURSERIES. Will take R. R.(rare from bill of tree to all who will come to NU1'Seryand purchase to amount
ot double R. R. fare. I can afford to make this offer as one pleased customer means his future
SATSUMA ORANGES hardy and early. OUVKS and APRICOTS. trade also the trade of his neighbors. Club together and send one man from your neighborhood
.... PEARS aU kinds immense stock. PIGS and MUU1HRRIKS.FOMKGRANATKS. before buying this fall.I .
PKAC1IKS. 60 rarleties,new and old. am now preparing to plant for myself what will be the largest orchard in the county. Priceof
PLUM: ,best Japan and native sorts. CAMPHOR TRU1.S.JAPANPItKSIMMONSrartetiesalltosted stock as low as the lowest for first-class stock. Catalogue free.
TKXAS UMIWKU.A.GRKVILUIA Pomona Wholesale Nurseries.
GKAP1&,cood leading kinds.PKCANS UOUUSTA.
,best Papcr.Shell variety. MAGNOLIA GRAND!VLORA. W. D. GRIPPING, Proprietor.
WALNUTS. Kogfish Japan and California.C1IKHTNUTS CITRUS TRI HO I.I ATA.KOSKS .Uaeetenny, Maker Co., Vt ,Japan Mammoth fine. ,SO varieties. I
have other kind lots o'thew-write for what
v We -- you want.
For five rears past samples of fruit have been sent, free of charge, on application NURSERIES OF THE
and will,betlus year but ourczitcrienco and information as to adaptability to
your locality worth) much, more. Wo have discarded from our own orchards one Milwaukee Florida Dpiqge Cols
variety of which ro shipped-100) bushels in 1887, and this is but one of the hundreds
of varieties k tcd. We have built our reputation on fin /odt-- oino people Selected strains of Choicest Varieties ol. Citrus Fruit Trees a Specialty.BuddingWood.
nay the fintllt. An Ex-Governor of Florida writes: "They are beauties and so adnyruVly for sale at all times.
Our stock is! and PROMPT ATTENTION TO .
large complete. CORRKSPONDKNCIS.For
' : \ .root iced av to shame a novice in the business, and even many who pretendto Catalogue and PriceList,address
be "*
Prompt expert and careful attention to corn pondcnoo. Prices reasonable. Catalogue A. L. DUNCAN.. Manager Dunedin Fla.
--- ---- -- -
free. Address: y


Glen St. rary, Fla. .
J.- A full lino of the leading varieties of Orange & Lemon Trees at rock-bottotn

oiqithmnni: prices.! Address ;

'V DEALERS IN FRUITS. toWe Oakland, Orange Co., Fla.
\ i
FRUITS re i>ectfully solicit shipments of Fruits and Vegetables

iHirAti.0 I We are now making specialty). ofORANGES ., ... .. DO YOU KNOW we plauu haTe and atarl F UI an) r K ECONOMIC
""-. :I=: the l'ropicsandwarna climates of the world
ar' HO Vnil l/Un\V that the chtme just broached our Hot t leu 1UU -
I ,
J't' lUU 11 turUts was already I
t a In our establishment? Some Florida people A LI f 1 nil FACT I I
I : the times know this,and are quietly taking. aN""nlace of the opportunity
and Invite correspondence on Markets and Prospects. o. of getting rare plant of us. We can supply Aloe Bamboo! ,Camphor,Cinnamon
1. .. j ,Coffee ualbergia, KxcotcarU,Picu.Gnjnbojfe. Hemp Sisal), Iron-
.. ItefurenceLkLy lQnnlssion-A. M. Ives, Esq., Jacksonville; National Shoo o : bark Jujube Kola, ogwood, Mahogany. Nutmeg otlwe,Orange,Pepper.
antf; farther Bank, New York; tho Volusia County Bank DeLand, Fla., and the i .r Quercus Rice-paper strychnine.Tea, upa-,VanilU.Wax-myrtle, Xylo-
Commercial Loan and Trust Co.,Chicago, ISO South Water St. I._ ma, Yucca,Ztngiber plants and hundreds of others.
..... ... Send for our large catalogue,which tells all about It.JtEASt1N'Ff.


had to let "Ad." take a rest. Can now HASTINGS' NEW CATALOGUE *tI
'But"the demand being greater than the supply we our ;
supply M limited number" of good trees; can also furnish few thousand other best varieties oa
sbojrt notice,at living prices. Now is the time to plant Address
Is now ready to send out. 1
.7' C. A. BOONE, Agt..

FINE ABBAKA SLIPS andGOLDEN Woll illustrated, and has many useful directions for tho garden

., ers of the South. It will bo sent free to all of our former customersand

QUEEN SUCKERS to any others who apply. .1 j

Nbw for delivery.
.,. 'J' F. N. PI rC] '
"$"',1 >; ,; .4 '<': Box 449, Orlando, Fla. Interlnol'1en. 13'1u

_.., r '. '-





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A good spraying outfit and a reliable Insecticide are as essential to successful
Florida Farmer and Fruit Grower. orange growing as the harrow and fertilizers.-.


It is tike
only ReUable
.' ,

Surely effective and cheapest material offered for the destruction of insects. Its
proper'use will kill the
rust mite
\ spider, aloyrodes, anguil-
moving scale and fungus growths. It is a sure remedy for tho "foot-rot" and tho/'bligh t" of the orange and the wilt of the pineapple.

It will not only prevent the oranges from rusting, but will greatly improve the classification of the fruit.
Spraying outfits in great variety at manufacturers' prices.
Correspondence solicited.

,'f c:

.._- d Jacksonville Fla. 'Ai



( )

the most effective compound :yet discovered for destroying the insects infesting the orange tree, and k a Hyerelp

remedy for the various forms of fungi on trees and plants. Being free from all substances of a caustic, corrosive or 'N-

onous nature, it can be handled with perfect safety to the and
person, applied to the trees at any stage of growth with..


insecticide has been used by some of the largest orange growers in the State during the past two yean, and IMM
given perfect satisfaction. References furnished on application.

For Rust Mite use one quart to fifty gallons of water. When used at this strength the trees should be sprayed for

the Rust Mite twice a month through the season. Where labor constitutes the principal item of in
spraying traM
it is better and cheaper to use the Insecticide at full viz. One expense
strength, : gallon of solution to 50 gallons of water as tit*
fumes from the Insecticide will kill the Rust Mite ,
even if the solution should not happen to touch them. In using the
Insecticide at this strength it will save three or four sprayings through the
thereby reducing the cost from et-
third to one-half.: This is an Advantage Possessed by no Other Preparation of Sulphur. If used in this manner k
will also kill the other insects that may be moving on the trees.

For Red Spider and Scale, use one gallon to fifty gallons of water. General directions for using sent ea applioftttea.

Price 20c. Per Gallon, in barrels. If there is no agent in your vicinity, write for price delivered

Spraying Apparatus. furnished to our customers at cost.

(McMASTER & MILLER, San Mateo and Citra Fla.

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a AND-



The Great Fast Express Freight System of the South.

The attention of shippers is directed to the Plant s.S.Line
between ,
Havana .
West ,
Key and
Gainesville Bainbridge, River Tampa and South Florida Railway between Tampa and Sanford 8., &
Junction and Savannah;Savannah and Charleston,and Ocean ; P. W.Ry.between Jacksonville
Transportation Company between Savannah and Baltimore. The best equipped,!fastest and most Steamship Line between Savannah, Philadelphia,Boston and New York, and Merchant and Miner
prompt all points(in Florida and all points North and Northwest.
Receiver and Shippers Will r/ofltby the .
NOlrXll 'OUNIJ. Following Uuparalleled Connections_60____:_ ___.____
Doable,daily Cast freight service for all points west via Albany, Jesup, and ltUUXl1 "'UU..V>>.
Savannah. Bainbridge Double daily fast freight service from all points North and West via Albany,
Daily fastVreight all rail connection via and Savannah to all points in Florida fast freight trains both via Jerap
Atlantic Coast Line to all Eastern, Interior and ban and Live Oak. Gainesville,Jacksonville,Calla. *
Coast points Including New York,BostOll Philadelphia,Baltimore,
Washington and Providence.
Four connections a week for New York via Ocean Pour ships a week by the fleet steamships of the Ocean Steamship Company,
Steamship sailing'from New
nida,.,Saturdays Mondays and Wednesdays. Company leaving Savannah York The(New Pier is.North River)direct for Savannah Friday, Saturday Monday and Wcd ada,.
Boston and
Two connections*week for Baltimore Merchants' and Miners' Transportation Company Savannah direct, Savannah Steamship Company's steamers will leave Bo&touaa.$.ra,19 and 4.
leaving Savannah every Wednesday and Saturday. in Florida. making connection on the dock at Savannah with fast freight trains for all point
Connections for Boston via Boston and Savannah
tt, and 36.Connections. Steamship Company leaving Savannah Jan. From Philadelphia via Ocean Steamship Co.,leaving
S. 19 from Philadelphia Jan.a,ia,M,every tea days
regular sailing day via New York
for Philadelphia every ten days via Ocean Steamship Company leaving Savannah to Savannah.
Baltimore via
Ian. 7.17 aOCll7tt. Merchants and Miners Transportation Co.
making dose connection with&,P.&W. ,for .every Tuesday and .FDb",
Sailing days for Steamships aubJect change without notice.The Ry. all points in Florida '

Florida Dispatch Line Is the quickest and best freight route:from all
points 1 North, East and West
receipts apply to any agents of the above lines,or to to Florida. For full particulars, rates,stenUls& and shipping
O. P. OWENS,Truffle Manager,Savannah,Ga. F. II. PAPY,Division Freight
F 8. KNIGHT, Contracting Freight Agent,Jack mvllle, Fl*. AI gent.8avannah, Ga. W M. DAVIDSON Oen'l Passenger Ag,,Jacksonville, Yea
J. H. STEPHENS, Contracting Agent, Jacksonville, Ida





IfLI\D.A( !\I! iT-GROWER Sixth Question. All the replies save Homo-Mixed Ferti lzere. dissolution of the phosphatic' ingredients

RMERr u five, advocate shallow planting. An A bulletin of the New Jersey Exper of bones and accelerates the action
experienced nurseryman in Florida iment Station states that "from such on crops.. Had our steamed bone

........ says: "Shallow, the crown roots shouldbe raw materials as are in our markets, dust been In a normal condition its
S.POWERS, Publisher& Proprietor. set two inches above level in well without the aid of milling machinery, effect would have been certainly not
-- drained land and much higher in land mixtures be and
-- --
----- can are annually madeon much inferior to that of the super
TERMS OF! SUHSCKITTION liable to be wet a part of the year." Another the farm which are uniform in
For One Year ...............................12.00 phosphate on the first crops. On the
For Six Months......<*.......u....... ..... zoo says: "On wet land plant high;on quality, fine and dry and equal in all other hand, there is no great differencein
lit Foreign Countries ....................... 3.00 dry land the depth they grew in the nur. respects to the best ready-made fer the assimilability of the phosphoricacid
HT ubscriptions in all cases cash in "
An excellent of tilizers."
advance. No discount allowed on one's cry. grower orangeson of the crude bone dust and the
own subscription(except in a club) but to the lower coast says: "In low land To prove the reduction in expensethe raw crushed bones. These two manures
all agent a liberal cash commission will high planting; in well drained land following statement is made : had a good effect on the first two
ho allowed on all subscriptions obtained deep planting." Another says: "Plantto "Home-mixed fertilizers representinga crops, but after having undergone decomposition '
by them. Write for terms. same depth as the trees in the of
To new subscriber will send grew purchase 540 tons gave an aver- in the soil for one year
postpaid every, a copy Whitner's we "Garden, nursery; if you plant too shallow you age cost per ton of $31.36 at the pointof solubility increased so enormously that
ing in Florida.* For two new subscribers have to ridge up, and then in wet consumption. The average cost per the third crop consumed from them
at $2.00 each, we will send, weather ants seek refuge on the ton of eight special brands selected as more than even the superphosphate
lStpaid", a copy of Moore's "Orange mound and eat the bark off the the most highly concentrated of 212 yielded to the first crop. This obser

Culture.Itates of advertising on application. roots;" and lastly, another "prefers brands examined was $.}3.50, or .a difference vation is of great practical importance.It .
Remittances should be made by check deep planting on ridges to keep moist, of $12.14 per ton in favor of goes to show that in countries witha
postal note money order or registeredletter ure about roots" The experiences the home mixtures, which contained warm climate and with copious rains,
to order otFAJlMBll.AND expressed above concur in the ad at least $2 worth of plant food in excess as in Japan, bone manures are most
FRUIT a no WE n, vice given elsewhere in this bulletin, of that in the manufacturedbrand. valuable even in quite a raw state, and
to plant shallow, in no instance to ." that by early application or by a pre
have the crown of roots much below Now, we have a strong suspicionthat paratory fermentation in the compostbed
l'Olle t and Orchard.Questions the level of the soil. this is what the lawyers would their manurial value maybe easily

Seventh Question. Here the replies call a case of special and misleading and cheaply raised to that of the su

in Orange Culture. vary as to the details,with a large major pleading. Not one farmer in ten perphosphate. During our experiments
The Louisiana Experiment Station ity favoring wide planting. All agree thousand uses 540 tons of fertilizer in on the college farm we have

sent out'a series of twenty-four that the sweet seedlings, buds on a year. The experiment station is an had frequent opportunity of provingthat
ques sour stock and dwarf varieties should organized institution with abundant bone dust has a specially good
tions to a large number of in
growers capital and appliances at command to effecf cereals in '
: have unequal distances. For sweet on sown autumn, not
that State and Florida which
to many seedlings the replies vary from 16 to purchase and mix raw materials. The only in reference to its phosphatic ingredients -
replies were received fifteen of them
from Florida. It is not, to 40 feet square; for buds on sour stock, officers would have a "pull" with deal- but also to its contents of
the necessary 17 to 33 feet, and for Satsumas and ers in materials, enabling them to secure nitrogen. The presence of fat does
print questions indicated
as they are
prices on large lots not available to not deteriorate its value
in the replies: other Tangerine varieties, 10 to 15 seems ')
feet, and for dwarfs on citrus trifoli- the farmer requiring only a half dozen rather to secure a better aftereffect, as (
To the first
it is curious
question ;
read the It ata, 9 feet square. The majority tons or less. With a wide experienceand in our experiments the raw crushed '

each man responses.prefers the soil appears he is culti that favor 25 to 30 feet square as best for a special knowledge of chemicals bones with 14.07 per cent. of fat |1
The Florida with standard and budded trees of the -which farmers have not-they can yielded more phosphoric acid to the I I)
vating. men, una- "dulcis" varieties meet the manufacturers on their own third and fourth crops than the crude
nimity, express preference for sandy ground; whereas most farmers have bone dust with
loams; so do the dwellers in the prairies Eighth Question. Only five prefer not the skill and knowledge necessaryto fat." only 1.33 per cent.
of southwest Louisiana. The seedling trees alleging t they make
enable them
to critically and To the above we would add that in j
division of opinion among the alluvial trees and ;give; more fruit require less combine in chemical the
proper propor- experimental of TilE FARMER
is of the attention, and if killed by frost grove
orange growers suggestive soon tions the ingredients of high grade fer AND FRUIT GROWER
fact that oranges grow well on all kindsof come out and produce fruit in a few tilizers. raw ground
lands in South Louisiana. The rest, an overwhelming bone applied liberally has a tendency
Twentyper years.
I. Chamberlain, who was i to produce foot rot. More than that
cent. of the prefer stiff majority, favor budded trees, because I ,
growers for
some years Commissioner of f the decomposition of raw bone in the
lands; 40 per cent. loamy or mixed; 6 they are freer from disease, especially Agriculture of Ohio and is to-day the soil is a great attraction to ants. These
cent. sandy 6 mal-de- (sore shin) they resist
per ; per cent. sandy goma ; best-known practical farmer in that: are not specially objectionable in a
loam; 10 per cent. sandy for fast scale insects better, have shallow
State tested this
matter for himself f f but in hoed
grove, they torment
stiff for life roots and therefore less drainage crops
growth, long ; 6 per cent. require thoroughly ten years ago ; and he the men.
sandy for fast growth and black lands and appropriate fertilizer better
stated it as the result of his experiments .
for resisting frosts; 6 per cent. sandyon bear much better and bring fruit true that for the great majority of --
account of "easier worked," and to name. farmers he believed it cheaper and Rotroffradatlon of Super

black for best and sweetest fruits; 6 Ninth Question. A large majority of f better in every way to buy the ready- phosphate of Lime.A .

per cent. stiff buckshot for orchard all replies favor sour stock, a few find made article from some well-know n paper by Mr. L. LeFranc, re
and sandy for nursery. the bitter sweet equally as good. In firm of manufacturers.It cently published in the Bulletin de
Second Question. All are agreed in fact, every reporter but one in Louisiana AssocIation Chimistes de Sucrerieet
their replies that a thorough preparation preferred the sour stock. is certainly a simpler operationto de Distillerie, gives the results of a
of the soil by deep plowing, fol Some are experimenting successfullywith purchase cloth than chemicals; but number of experiments made in 1889

lowed by a crop of cowpeas, turned citrus trifoliata, on account of r the there are very few farmers, even i in and lately repeated, from which the,
under in the fall, is necessary before its hardiness. The Florida replies most remote districts, who do not writer concludes that superphosphate
putting 0ut the orchard. fluctuate between the stocks. The find it cheaper in the end to buy "storeclothes" of lime undergoes; rapid retrogradation -

Third and Fourth Questions. All rough lemon and the grape fruit are than to purchase the material when applied to'arable land, the '
the alluvial growers provide for drainage held 'in high esteem as stocks in that and have it made up at home. soluble phosphoric acid which it contains -
a large majority with open ditches, State and are much used. The tenderness ; and which constitutes its special
a few,"about xo per cent. of the entire of the lemon and the susceptibility Varieties of Bone Manure.A value, passes, in eight days at most,

replies, have tried tile drainage with of sweet stock to mal-de-gom a bulletin of the College of Agri into the insoluble state, that is, the

great success. Several have their entire restrict their uses. "On low lands culture at Tokio, Japan, says: "The superphosphate becomes really phos
groves tiled. A nursery man in inclined to be wet the sour is pre three kinds of bone manure-steamed 1 phate of lime, its commercial value
Florida refers to an improved methodof ferred." "On high droughty lands too bone dust, crude bone dust, and raw being thus reduced by more than one-
making tile by any farmer who uses far North for the lemon the sweet stock crushed bones-gave very remarkable third, and he therefore thinks that in-

it, patented by Hamilton & Earl, Los and grape.; fruit are recommended." results. The first crop consumed from stead of the superphosphate, culti
Angeles, Cal. He has used it with "The rough lemon is the most vigorous the steamed bone dust considerablymore vators should use the various phosphates

great success. It can be confidently I of all stocks, but is also the most than from the two raw fertilizers, of lime, ground bones, natural
asserted that tile drainage will be a tender." "Rough lemon best for but the after effect of the unrecovered 1 phosphates and slag phosphates,
valuable adjunct to every orchard in Navels and Tangerines." "Rough phosphoric acid of the former was which, after being properly crushed
South Louisiana. 'lemon best in light sandy soil outsideof much inferior to that of the two latter and sifted, supply at a low price one

Fifth Question. A large majority I the frost-killing belt. "Grape manures. It must, however be keptin of the most indispensable elementsfor
favor: transplanting from December 1St fruit is more vigorous, larger and better mind that our specimen of steamed 1 vegetable nutrition.-Sugar Cane.

to March 1St. A few give preference I fruit. These are some of the bone dust had been deprived of a part .... .

to summer, provided irrigation is practiced I extracts from our Florida correspond of its gelatinoid substance, which, dur Pineapples continue to arrive 'in
at time of transplanting. ents.t ing its decay in the soil, assists in the market. .H





Bermuda Grass in Groves. water. This makes what are called THE -

In reply to a subscriber who asks; "alum" spots by the laborers, and the

how he can exterminate this pest plants are killed i if there is much of it. S. B. HUBBARD COMPANY

from his grove, we would say that if It shows that there is an insufficient
it is generally: diffused throughout the supply of air in the soil and a deoxi-

grove and under the trees, its roots dation of the iron compounds and of JACKSONVILLE FLA.
the organic matter in the soil to
are so inextricably intertwined with pro-

the orange roots that any operation, vide oxygen for the oxidation of other HARDWARE AND STOVES,

either grubbing or plowing, deep matter. The remedy is to repeatedlyebb

and thorough enough to destroythe and flow the land with every tide, DOORS, SASH, BLINDS, PAINTS, OILS AND VARNISH.

Bermuda, would almost, if not thus letting on successive quantities SA,V MILTS: : !3U1 1 LvIEl3.

quite, kill the trees too. If the least ot fresh, aerated water. .We are Stat"* We Have

fragment of root stock remains at the It is this insufficient supply of air Agents One and Twos} 1 HORSE h HAT RAKES

base of the tree it will spread and in the soil which makes it difficult to Horse ,

speedily recover the whole ground. get a stand of the finer grasses or of In stock.

Bermuda is quite irrepressible. If in other crops on these very fertile rice BUCKEYEMOWERS r. 8 and 0 jfft fr
its travels it came to a wide board lands. i : ,., TheerootlllUU-

walk or a beaten road and could not The rice lands must be plowed very able for use In

get across any other way, it would shallow, as the subsoil is distinctly A tomjtlH Mtork of ORANGE GROVES.

hire a small boy to throw a piece of poisonous when any considerable KrtMtlrn J/virrr on* hand"He' at Write for Prices.

root stock across and start out afreshon amount is turned upon the soil, and it Factory 1'rlcea.

the other side. may take several years for the land to WE CARRY A COMPLETE STOCK OF THE FAMOUS

But in the middles, consisting of recover from a single deep plowing. c'TJ XAS RANGE PLO'VS,"

four-fifths of the grove, it may be soeft"ectually i A Full Line of Jtrjxtln for 1111,,",.

suppressed that it would Remedies for White Fly. Acme Orange Grove and Two-Horse Pulverizing Harrows, the Boy

take care careful search to find a spearof Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: Dixie Cast Plows, and a full line of Farm and Agricultural Implementof

it left. In March break up the all descriptions. Agents for the Planet Jr. Horse and Hand Tools sold
In the three last numbers of
about three inches deep witha your Send for catalogues.
ground at factory prices.
valuable mention is made of the
Unless the sod is .
turn.plow. very I
white fly, with its accompanyingsmut.
dense and tough, a food scarifyingwith .
the disk spading harrow will
This same trouble is here and playing
be sufficient. Repeat this harrowingthree
havoc with of the
or four times until about the beginning some groves.
This pest may be kept under con
of the rainy season. Then, if
trol sprayings with kero.
by frequent
the land i is. somewhat thin, sow on 400}
sene emulsion or with McMaster &
or goo pounds of cottonseed meal per
Miller's Insecticide
and about bushels of whip-
acre ifi
gallon to fifty gallons water. The
will The quantity shouldnot
poor peas. latter seems not to be injurious to the
be less than this and two bushels
trees; in fact, it seems to invigorate 'Is -S
would be even better, for the object is
both young and old trees. I do not
create dense shade. Cover by
to a think it would be safe to make re :
harrowing.This peated sprayings with the kerosene ,_
course of treatment in the ex
emulsion. ,
of this journal has CIII
perimental grove But the question how to extermi
most satisfactory results. .
produced nate the pest is of the utmost im .w
The annual crop of pea vines being
mown at the end of the rainy season portance. The fly seems to infest PLANET' JR. noRBK:noa WITH LIVER AND UBYXR WUUzwT ,"._ -.
I growing vegetables, grass, pea vines,
and thrown under the trees, makes a .
etc. sapping the plants and depositing
mulch which being ,
heavy mingled, soggy with the Bermuda, stems their eggs, leaving traces of smut, IRRIGATING MACHINERYBOTH

growing up through it, is not very etc.I hope the troubled contributors will STEAM, HORSE AND HAND POWER.
inflammable if careless laborer
even a
throw continue to write and give any item SIk Carry a. stook of Steam Pumps, Boilers
should happen to a lighted
match on it. It should be moved of observation or experience that tendsto Wrought and Galvanized Pipe, Valves.
give more light as to a sure and
around with the prong-hoe about oncea Eta. Estimates furnished
speedy remedy for the "white fly," FittingsHoso,
month in the growing season, which for I consider it the greatest trouble for Plants put in complete and guaranteed -
the roots down and
keeps orange the has yet met. I satisfactory. Hand Spraying
orange grower
draws the Bermuda down and under,
W. B. VARN.Battow .
thus continually stunting or killing it Fla. Pumps of every description. Send for

and adding it to the body of the .. Catalogue of How and When to Spray.

mulch. In this way we find that Bermuda Slag Phosphates.. Nozzles, Pipo, etc., mado to order in our

grass is converted from "pest" In view of the brag which has been machine shop.
into benefit for there is no question !
a indulged in over the slag phosphates,
and the mulch
it enriches the soil
a refuse product of iron smelting, the
keeps jt so stunted that the tree roots
following item from an agricultural
are not impeded or choked by it. -
bulletin of the Japanese Governmentwill .
---- --- the of
be comforting to owners _
Dead Soil." Florida phosphate pits: "The Thomas

In many places in Florida, especially phosphate displayed with regard to

in the flatwoods, there are spots the first crop, as well as to the three

where the subsoil is poisonous to subsequent ones, approximately half

orange trees and other vegetation. A the effect of the superphosphate. The

late United States bulletin mentions a excellent after effect attributed to this &
similar phenomenon in South Carolina, fertilizer by Wagner has not been : T- i

and gives a singular explanation of it: up to the present perceptible in onr )

The rice lands are generally under. experiments, in spite of the richnessof

laid at :a depth of 4 to 6 feet, with an our toil in humus and the copious ...

impervious layer ,of bog-iron ore. rainfall." AGENTS FOR !

When there is insufficient air in the INO'vr4E: : S' STEA11x PUlS.. ,

soil, as when the soil is saturated All Letter Answered the I).jr they are n .h'.d. A
under a very shallow layer of water For Malaria, Liver Trou-

which has not been changed for some bleorlndigestionuseBROWN'S THE S. B. HUBBARD COMPANY,

time, red, oily scum comes to the IRON BITTERS
surface as is often seen with stagnant JACKSONVILLE. FLA. '

,,, J 4 .




.-... ..

-------------- ------

World's Fair Notes. your name will be written upon it by they produce in quantity. When the vines or at the bases of the trees or

Editor Farmer and Pruit Grower: the electric fluid. Drop a nickle in guavas grow up in nearly every field vegetables liable to attack. This baitis
The Florida display is the slot and you will hear a song and spread out their tangle of roots, known as the "Bran-arsenicMash.'
Florida principal cider-five cents a sung into the instrument a thousand which are next to the palmetto for difficulty It is made by thoroughly mixing together .

If orange the vile stuff had miles away, and in the voice of to destroy, we do not appreciatethat six pounds of dry bran and bne
glass. ever
with any the one that may be silent in death. we are favored by the growth, and pound of white arsenic, using a shovelor

acquaintance taste does not reveal it.an orange It dishonorsthe Drop a nickle in a slot and that it is peculiar to our country. The other convenient instrument. Then

of Florida an electric light is struck superiority of guava jelly: is acknowledged dissolve one pound of sugar in cold
name the Florida orange.In I saw and your shoes are blacked and polished ; the area of the guava's growthis water and add this to the bran-arsenic

of departments California had by lightning as no bootblack limited,and it is a great mistake that mixture, thoroughly stirring it. Add
one plate in ortnges. in could do it. Search lights already we do not turn our attention in a great. sufficient water,to form a paste or mash.
13,000 one display, 6,000 distrib an enable one to read ordinary print at a er degree to the manufacture of jelly The sugar is simply for the purpose of
other, and generous quantities fair Florida distance of ten miles. Great thingsare from this overbountiful fruit.-Braid sticking the arsenic to the particles of
uted throughout yet anticipated now from an electrician entown Journal. bran. This mixture is often sown

markets three times and as many who orangesas has in the employ of the Westinghouse > broadcast, while some drop about a

California, article no one the Company at a salary of $5,000 A Now Orange. Box. teaspoonful at the base of each tree or
eaten the Florida wants
vine. the latter method fifteen
other kind. a month. pn Tuesday, M. J. Dukes, of By
The old Spanish fort i is well filled The home life in China, Japan, Ire Dukesdale, South Lake Harris, vis pounds of the'mixture are sufficient to

with curiosities, and makes a very land, Germany, Java, Jehore, Samoan ited our office and exhibited to us a treat an acre of grape vines. Of
bazaar. It excites considerable Islands, Greenland, Turkey, Ceylon new patent orange box that is simplya course poultry and domestic animals'
food interest; and is visited by 20,000 to and other countries is accessible in marvel of lightness, neatness and in should be excluded from the fields
But display the Mid Plaisance at a cost of from 10 fact every other quality desirable in upon which the mash has been spread.
people daily. as a -
30,000 of the possibilities of Florida to to 50 cents. It requires about $30 to an "orange box. Its weight is only Even the large amount of arsenic
{ it has few take in all the shows.I one-half rf the old box. used sometimes does not kill the
induce immigration attraction
have one regret after leaving the The p inciple though very simpleand locusts for several hours after eating
Considerable* individual work is being fair, that I did not take a ride on the ingenious is very effective. it. The bran is very attractive to the

done for particular localities, at great Ferris wheel. This is undoubt- The box is made in this way : Four insects and they eat it in preference
edly the work of mechanical sides native wood to vegetation. Although we have not
individual and such will greatest (Danger or ) are
very properly expense derive the benefit. It engineering ever constructed. It contains I placed side by side and the ends are seen the bait used, it is very strongly

is unfortunate that State and county 2,200 tons of metal. Its parts joined together by a strip of sheet recommended by California fruit
and And it is
constructed in thirteen different folded make shal- growers vineyardists.
by the iron over so as to : a
contributions appropriations;, of supplemented wealthy property places. So exact had they been made low groove in which the,ends fit, and the most practicable method yet devised

holders which would have followed and put together that when the connections the sides folded over make the box, that can be used in fighting these
such had not given were made to the z.ooo-horsc a square link of iron in the sheet iron insects In our own State. It is well
Florida its standing at this power engine the movement was perfect strips forms the hinge between each worthy of a trial. Spraying the infested

proper it will ever haveto without an alteration. The passenger side. A small wire circling on the crops with Pans green strong
grandest advertise itself to tho whole world. has a view of the White City ends binds the sides together. enough to kill the potato beetle seems
and the city of Chicago at an elevationof There is not a nail in the box. The to have scarcely any effect in lesseningthe
The great White City presents more 260 feet. The idea had its birth in great advantages of this new box will number of the pest. Sufficientarsenic

aggregated magnificence in the same 20 minutes. In six months the work be : i. The superiur neatness of the sprayed on the foliage to kill
space than was ever before known, the insects would doubtless destroy
was completed, and the marvel of the package-bringing better prices. 2. :
and probably ever will be seen againon the also.-Rural New Yorker.Orange .
the plants
work becomes greater every day Less weight and a saving in freight .
planet. more it is contemplated.To 3. The boxes will be made in the factory t

The view from the Administration look upon the great While City and prepared for instant use at Sizars.Rditor .
Building down the rand basin, across 1'anuerand Fruit Grower: ,
one would imagine it constructed to the same price as the old box.-Lees-
the colored electric fountains the Will the size of the.
last for centuries. To think that in a burg Commercial. you give me
Columbus statuary, the peristyle and from now the place that contains --.--- different openings of a standard orange
the colonnades of Manufacturers year sizer either letter or in the FRUIT
will know it by
all this magnificence no Tho Moon and tho Rain.
and other buildings, will forever re No GROWER. I intend to make an or-
main pictured in the memory of every but more Chicago forever would, is saddening.invest five millionsof city i Prof. H. A. Ilazen, in Science, ange sizer. JOHN HODLER.

beholder. little : vol. xx, No. 513, shows that the full Braldcntown, VI*. .
dollars for proba
The Transportation Department direct moon undoubtedly has power to dis. Sizer measurements must be varied
bility return. Many
contains of mode oftransportation any clouds and thereby to prevent fruit.
samples every millions more have been spent in costly perse according to the shape of the
from the Mexican cart, hotels that are a total loss. It i is rain. lie refers to researches at New For round fruit the following will be
with hub, spoke and felloe all in one in for Haven, Connecticut, from 1873-80, found approximately correct; _but
not difficult to live Chicago $i
piece of wood, the coaches in which which show that there was "nearly a where the fruit is either mixed, round
and it is not difficult to spend
a day
James K. Polk, Daniel Webster, in seeingthe half more rain just before and after and oblong or all oblong, it will be
$10 or $20 or more a day "
and Dom Pedroof new moon than full moon. He
George Washington earth. found necessary to "cut and try"before
biggest show on i
Brazil rode, the first attempts at GEO, W. HASTINGS. computes the data for rainfall at Philadelphia the sizes can be depended on:

locomotion by rail, when an ordinary Penn., for the fifteen years, 226, 2 9-16 inches; 200, 2 13-16
barrel served for a water tank on the t. 1871-85, and for the ten years, 1882- inches; 176, 2 15-16; 150, 3 1-16;
locomotive, to the 12o-ton engine that The Land of tho Guava.A 91. "In the first period of fifteen i26j 3 Hi; 112, 3# (scant). It is
makes 100 miles an hour, and the recent trip down the Manatee years there is a preponderance of rainat advisable to make one side of the sizer
modern Pullman train with buffet, river brings to mind the fact that if the the time of the new moon. In the adjustable, so that either end or both

parlor, dining and even bridal car for products of Florida could be more second period for the three days about ends can be moved closcror further

land conveyance; and models of water evenly distributed among its residents, i each phase the result is similar to that from the opposite side. Better still,
craft from the Viking ship that reached it would be quite to the advantage and of Prof. Merriman, though the differ- make each section adjustable by long

America 400 years before Columbus and convenience of her people. In ence of 2 inches between new and full screws or some other contrivance, so

found it, and the ocean greyhoundthat various sections of the State guavas, moon is very slight. When we take that the section for 1123, for instance,
crosses the Atlantic in less than mangoes, pineapples and bananas arc the five days about each phase, however can be closed up to tfi inches or

six days. a luxury. At Braidentown guavas we see that the new moon has opened out to 3% (plumpthe) whole
The wonders of electricity already were rotting on the ground, and such 13.5 inches more rain than the (ull."' length.Mr. .

exceed belief and if we may credit strawberry guavas Oh, my! We filled The observation of Prof. Hazen confirms .

electricians, we are on the ce of discoveries our "bread basket"and from the beau- the general belief that the full P. J. Berckmans, of Georgia,
that will revolutionize all tiful fruit orchard of brother editor of moon has the power of driving away presided over the Congress of Horticulture

present methods. We shall not only the Manatee River Journal, we car. clouds. at the World's Fair.
have light for our street and homes, ried away a flour sack filled with this .. .
Remedy Against Grasshoppers. It is said that the will
orange crop
but our rooms will be warmed, our delicious fruit.-Irrigator.
food cooked, our railway trains and Editor Kingsbury has brought a fact The only means of combating these ripen earlier than last year, because
street carriages propelled by electricityand to mind which maybe we have not pests which seem practicable to use to the blooming took place at the regular

our ocean steamers will need no given as much atttention as it deserves. protect our orchards and vineyards is : season, February and March,
coal or steam. Messages will be sent Guavas and mangoes, nor bananas the one very successfully used on the while last year it bloomed late and

to and from steamers in mid ocean, and either,do not grow with much successto Pacific coast. There thousands of insects the summer was uncommonly dry
messages will cross the ocean without any considerable distance north of are killed by the use of a poisonous There will be a great deal ,of*mity,

the aid of cable. Buy a souvenir and us. It is only in South Florida that bait scattered about among the fruit. -



J. ALEX. LITTLE, President.
LOCIUIAHT LITTLK, Secretary and Treasurer


.",.... : )

: ( .





Extended to All to Visit Our

I .

F RMER]' Ii'lk} > 'I'l\tIeE( mirable* *vegetable What, tender constitutes and sweet. Curing Hay in West Florida. eighteen inches above the water.

- superiority the their, Mr. G. A. Danley, one of the most t Here the plants grow continuously.

Yam Boati.Patkyrhizus beans is the over absence ordinary of French fibrous progressive Washington county's In all the Gulf States the taro can be

tuberosus, Spreng.Dr. string along the sutures of any the pod. farmers, writes as follows to the Chip grown on suitable soil as an annual.
ley Banner a most In the latter case I should'much
upon important
Macfayden, in his "Flora of IJamaica" f The large size is also an advantage;
subject : "I notice in your last issue prefer storing the growing plants in
they are often ,
page 286, called attentionto ten or twelve inches
an article entitled "llayand Grass of some place where they may remain
the value of this follows long.
"Flowers white. plant Seeds as red. The: In Jamaica the seeds are generally) West Florida," and thinking it might nearly dormant until early spring, and
be of interest to some of brother then place them in a rich and
root is formed of sown in March
a number of simplecordlike or April. But they
farmers to know method of moist soil, but not in a
fibres, several feet in length, can be sown at any time. At Hope and my curing Titusville swamp.-
saving hay from Florida Advocate.
stretching under the surface of the Gardens seeds were sown in grasses,
Septem I cut in the forenoon, and while it is i ......
ground, bearing in their course a ber. The pods are ready for use as I
waiting take stakes Fertilizer
French or poles eight Fanning.
succession of tubers. beans seven months after i
"The beans but sowing and when feet long, sharpened at both ends, set Mr. Herbert \V. Collingwood has
are poisonous; the pods are quite ripe; in the
root affords a very plentiful supply of f nine months after sowing the yamsare ground sixteen inches, then nail l written a little book entitled "Fertilizer

very wholesome food. The produceof fit to dig. From one seed sownat two cross pieces at right angles to the Farming," in which he describes minutely
stake .
three is Gardens five one foot from the ground form the farming- operations of
plants usually sufficient to Hope yams were dug Long
fill a bushel basket The tubers weighing altogether fourteen pounds. ing a cross, then place some light Island, near New York. It is inter.,
may r
either be boiled plain, in which state They generally vary in size from one pieces on top of them which makes a L esting to us people of the Gulf Coast

they are a very good substitute for foot to eighteen inches long, and fourto platform I build to put hay on; then uponthis region, owing to the fact that Long
yams and other roots in common use six inches in diameter. a stack and if cap Island is a seacoast locality, having

or they may be submitted to a process; .. ped weather off well will stand all kinds of f naturally the poorest of seacoast sandy
without spoiling, and as the lands.
to arrow root and
a starch Florida Moss.
obtained. This starch is of a air can pass under and through it, it i So poor were these lands originally,
Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: cures out and makes as good hay as according to Mr.
white, and is equal in every respect to Coliingwood, that
arrow root To the taste it is very Your favor of the 25th inst. re one could in wish for, superior to haycured nothing whatever could be grown upon,

palatable is ceived. with the sun. The same method them without the heaviest kind of fer
easily digested, and i is Agreeably your request, works
well in
employed for custards and puddings. we give you the desired information equally saving pea vinesor tilizing, and this was no great number

Even the trash left after obtaining the regarding moss. Spanish pea vines. I find that it i is of years back. A little stock was

starch, and which in the preparationof The green moss is gathered in the much cheaper to save forage in thisway dragged through and from the manure

arrow oot is lost, may, when usual way, piled up, thoroughly wet t stock than does by pulling corn fodder, and supplied by the stock a very small area,

thoroughly dried, be formed into a and then left to rot, which process equally as well on it. I of the lands was cultivated. As agricultural .

palatable and wholesome flour. requires from three to four months. cut about twenty tons last year and lands they were regarded as
will cut all I can this for it is
"A very excellent flour( may also After the outer bark is well off the have. year a almost worthless-now they are classed

be obtained by slicing the tubers, drying stem, it is dried and then taken to the food it and thing save to "Feed plenty of up as the most valuable lands on the
them in the and then your corn. Atlantic coast-a very garden of Eden
sun reducing
ginneries for sale, who prices
pay according ....... for the truck farmer.
to a powder.
to the quality of the article.
"This plant is deserving of being Taro in Florida. Particular mention is made of one
moss entirely free from bark
more generally cultivated than it has This is the Long Island farm of ninety acres.
brings the highest prices, while plant which is used by
gray Only a few it "
hitherto been. It in years ago was a mere
ought a great moss, from which the bark is not entirely i- the people of Japan. We have used waste of sands and wild scrub
measure to supersede the growths.
arrow root rotted off, brings correspond iI it in our family for two years, and Last
in cultivation. It be year were from it
can planted at ingly less. know whereof we affirm. It is the 4,500
season of the and the bushels of potatoes, 4,000 bushels of
any year, rootsare of the
equal for
fit for digging in the course of The ginneries, after assorting and and in potato family use, turnips, 1,800 bushels of corn, 400
ginning it, it in bales of about some respects its superior. It bushels of
put up wheat bushels
four or five months the return is ; 200 of rye,
; be used in
all the
in whichwe
infinitely greater than that from arrowroot fors pounds each, and it is then ready use the Irish ways and in 80 tons hay, 10 tons rye straw and 10

and the proportion of starch also shipment. The article finds ready also in which potato the, some tons of carrots, bringing all together
sale for mattresses and it is ways potato is nota )
is sometimes over $5,000. The
abundant made
more so that it can be> success. The old tubers have crops were
used even for with an with
mixing curled commercial
brought to market fertilizers almost ex
at so cheap a rate, acrid taste and should on no account
as to admit of being employed: by the hair.This be used. The fresh full clusively, costing for last year's opera
firm -
handles and n
in sells moss allover grow tions about$1,000.A .
place potato- tubers can be baked
just the
States and Canada potato
starch. I. and regular rotation of crops is {allowed
and are fully equal to them. The
The "Kew Bulletin" for two years ago establishedan for the purpose of keeping a
1889, page; boiled tubers be
can cooked in
17, quotes from letters from Dr. agency in Europe, and while people variety of and a supply of humus in I the soil}; for example
are improved
Tnmen, director of the Botanic Gardens there were somewhat reluctant to the ways by the grain field of this year will ,
in Ceylon, pointing out that the take hold of it ;at first, its use is certainly be worked to something else next yearto
spreading, as attested by i increased In the Sandwich Islands the fieldsof give that
pods when young are not poisonous, next crop the benefit of '
but may be eaten like French beans. sales. taro are sometimes flooded, a lazy the grain-roots in the soil. "

lie wrote: "They are quite new to Please send us a sample copy of way to kill the weeds, but my exp e- Large quantities of waste from the

Ceylon. The podsserved your paper containing the article on rience is against the plant standing into city of Brooklyn are hauled out on
young moss, and oblige *** the water. The plants do best with
like French beans ad- ; some of the Long Island farms, also i
are an I
New York. me where standing from
,. ten much refuse from the fisheries but



.. .

J .
these farms do not appear to show any [ long racemes of purple flowers are extra prices as fancy, and it pays to .
particular advantages over those depending quite ornamental. These beans, with cater to that trade in large cities. Qood rIeal .

almost wholly upon commercial chufas, pinders? cassava and other E. W. A.
fertilizers, where proper care is things will feed a number of hogs. I Poultry Manure. Adulteration In Canned Goods.
taken to keep the land well supplied mean your own hogs, kept at home-
with vegetable matter, by suitable rotation you might throw out salt herring for This is the most valuable of the Canned vegetables are not much-
or otherwise.A your neighbor's razorback. farm manures, and is entitled to great subject to adulteration in the restrictedsense
certain forty-acre farm comes in I feed my few hogs, for in that dayof care in its collection and use. Beyond of the word, which implies the
for is the the amount of water it contains, addition of foreign substances to food
special mention. It on wrath I want to give in a less
it is as valuable as guano, and therefore for the purpose of increasing its (
"leachy" sands of the Barrens near weighty account than one of having quan
the middle of the island. Heretofore subsisted on hogs kept alive by chickens should never be sold by practical tity. The only practice in vogue
farmers to morocco dressers at 25 which can properly come under this
these lands were looked upon as belonging to the nearest poor wide
I cents per bushel. The poultryhouseshould head is the addition of undue amountsof
wholly worthless for crops, but after ow who has to take in washing to pay
scientific fertilizing had come to be for fencing against some saloon-keep be underlaid with charcoal water during the canning process.
understood venturesome individualtook er's hogs. Miss B. dust, when it can be procured, so as This'often occurs. Additions of salt
possession of forty acres of them Oriole. to receive the hen manure as fast as might be regarded in this way, but
and fell to cutting away the scrub oaks made. The surface of this charcoal this substance is added primarily as a
and dwarf pines. People looked at. dust should occasionally be raked or condiment. Of adulteration in the
each other and smiled at his expense Poultry, removed off to one corner with a more modern sense, that which
but now he is the party who smiles, portion of the dung. This may be includes sophistication, there is a great
for last that little farm produced continued until the manure is requiredfor deal, and indeed it may be said to be
year Edited by E.W. AMSDEN,Orroond, Fla. ( use when it should be almost universal. There cio-
250 barrels of cauliflower, 200 bushelsof ",,- ....- """- thoroughly are few
bushels of 26 mixed with ten times its bulk of soil ners who do not use salicylic acid or
potatoes, 100 corn Biggest Poultry Farms.
bushels of wheat, 20 bushels of rye before being applied to crops. other preservatives, and the trade in
and over 2 tons of hay, additionallyto Fanny Field is pitching into the big When charcoal dust cannot be pro coppered vegetables has grown to
yielding a whole year's supplies for poultry farms, as she always has been, cured, well decomposed swamp muck, enormous proportions. Besides these
the owner's family. and yet they grow in number and land plaster, or even aluminous wilful conditions there is a class pf
capacity in spite of all her talk. Those clay may be frequently dusted over what may be called unintentional
who have had the misfortune to be the floor of the poultry.house, to be sophistications, such as the presenceof
Live ocl\\. burned out (the owners of these large mixed with this manure. The objectof i lead, tin, or zinc in these foods.
ranches, I mean) are building on a all this is to receive and retain the I These substances are often present;
larger scale. Does this indicate that ammonia, so as to prevent its libera but ate never, except occasionally "
Florida Horses. they are not profitable? She says: tion from injuring the health of the the case of zinc, added intentionally.
I shall endeavor to show that good "Extensive poultry farming, which inmates of the poultry house. All Ptomaines are often said to be
horses can be profitably raised here. reads well on paper, does not pay a animals, man included, suffer from present in canned (foods and this
While I have stated the facts that living profit as a rule, but in the ma breathing the effluvia arising from the may sometimes be the case, but their
good horses are raised here with very jority 'of cases the man who keeps excreta, and this is particularly true occurrence in canned vegetables must
little care or attention, I am decidedlyof poultry on. a comparatively small of the feathered tribes. Their natural be extremely rare. Ptomaines are by
the opinion that much better scale is the one who makes big habits, in the wild state, cause themto definition the result of bacterial action,
horses can be raised here with greatercare profit." pass through the upper strata of and where this action does not occur:
and attention, and I do not wishto Extensive farming will give way to the atmosphere, and with such they must of necessity be absent.
be understood as controverting an intensive, and the man who makes velocity as to readily rid themselvesof Vegetables are usually canned in the
undeniable fact, that one of the $1,500 to $2,000 per year from 2,000to the noxious gases given off the fresh state, and it they are in any
greatest elements of success in stock 5,000 hens, if he will reduce the surface of their bodies, and to be degree spoiled at the time, the factis
. raising consists in careful and judi number to 400 to 600, the profits entirely beyond any deleterious infl usually conspicuously evident ,to
cious feeding and I am also of the will be much greater in proportion.Our ence from the fumes of their excreta. the taste, so that the canner cannot
opinion that it will not be profitableto advice is to keep as many as you We should, therefore, in the poultry. afford to use them. Bacterial action
keep more stock than can be well can care for yourself, if you are up in house, make such arrangements as seldom occurs in the can without
cared for. That this can be done at the business. If you are a novice, will prevent the poultry from inhaling bursting it or rendering it
a very small expense compared with begin slow and gradually work up to these deleterious gases.-Prof. Mapes. Ptomaines may, however, develop
other countries it is my desire to show. this point. where the canned food is allowed to
From April to January the natural We have had two letters this week Dust. stand for some time after opening,
pasture or grazing lands afford an from parties in the interior who are By all means make provision now though even then this is unlikely In
abundance of nutritious grasses and anxious to start in the business and for a liberal supply of dust. Dust, the case of preserved vegetables.It .
the horses require no additional feed. want my advice, and if favorable my like hay, must be made and gathered may be said, therefore, that the
From January until April a very good experience. As we have always said, while the sun shines. Thoroughly principal risks to health which may
and cheap pasturage can be made by there are no secrets in our business. fork over a space in the garden a few arise from the use of canned goodsare
planting rye and oats in October, and What knowledge we have gained by inches deep, beat up all lumps so as to those due to the use of prcserva-
this supplemented by the addition keeping poultry in large numbers for allow the sun's rays to desiccate the lives, or the presence of the heavy
of a small grain ration will keep eight years in Florida will be freely ;! loose soil. It may be covered at night metals, copper, tin, lead and zinc.
the stock in thrifty condition. given. The tendency is to cross two to keep off dew. When perfectly dry Iron, though often taken up by the
If is often supposed that horses in pure breeds, both for broilers and (! gather in barrels and store for winterin food in considerable quantities from
this climate do not grow as large as eggs; and a good deal is being said on j' a dry place. Dust from the common badly tinned cans, may be disregardedin
in more Northern sections. My observation the subject in poultry journals. Some highway may be scraped up and this case, since it is not only a nor
teaches me to the contrary of our best writers are advocating it.I saved during a drouth. At all events mal constituent of food, though hardly
-that in nine cases out of ten the A Mr. R.V.. Davidson, of New dry earth of some sort is an absolute in the forms which it assumes in
colts grow to a larger size than their York, is a man of large experiencein necessity to every poultry keeper. It canned goods, but is not poisonous.Its .
sires and dams, and I have repeatedlyheard every branch of poultry. In a recent is necessary for the dust bath. It desirability as an addition to food
it remarked that in form and letter to Farm Poultry he speaks absorbs moisture and deleterious gases may be questionable, but it cannot be
style Florida-raised horses excel all highly of a Langshan and PlymouthRock freely, so it should be often sprinkledover called materially deleterious. In .
others, and in durability and docility cross for broilers, but prefersthe the floor of the..fowl houses. regard to the other substances men.
they are acknowledged to be unex Indian Game to all others he has': The Times-Union's-----Q0 --St. Augustine tioned, the case is different.-U. S..
celled. General P. Houstoun in I Government Bulletin.
Indian Game
ever tried; the pure,
correspondent recently wrote : "The .
Florida Life.Speokled -- ---
but a former cross is preferable. i
within distanceof
people living smelling
a.. ---- One of the largest broiler establish. the tan-yard are getting as loud in ANTS.-Shelves sprinkled with gum
Wisteria Bean for Hogs. ments in this country, after trying their complaints as are the odors on a camphor will not be infested by ants;
Editor Fanner and Fr nit- rower: everything that would be likely to still night." It is a good indication I tomato leaves spread around, it i is
The purple flowered variety of Wisteria make a good cross; decided that the when industrial establishments of !said, will drive them away; a hop-toad
bean makes feed that hogs seem use of the golden Wyandot hens and kind become sufficiently active any in domesticated in the kitchen will rid it
to relish as much as corn. It producesa Indian Game cocks was the best for Florida to produce a bad odor. We of all insects, roaches and bugs of
rampant vine that will grow almost ordinary use. Either Langshans, need more such.Carelessness every description. A sponge dippedin
anywhere without fertilizer or cultiva- Plymouth Rocks \Vyandots withan sweetened water will attract them,
tion, climbing on trees, fences, gourd Indian Game cock in the pen will in packing and in selecting and may be then dipped in boiling-
poles, etc. The yield of plump, be satisfactory in any of our small a selling agency is the cause water, resweetend, and used until all
speckled beans is very great, and the: markets. These extra crosses bring I of the grower's woes. the ants are destroyed. .



j 1j 1


r .
__ ______ .

The Flo ida building is handsomelyand decessor and bring no relief.Daytona can be made with same dough. Th'is ;i

gtate ews. appropriately finished in Florida Journal. bread keeps moist till eaten. I

.... ..,.. .............. woods, and in the only place where : Early green sweet windfalls answerin

The recent heavy rains have caused room can be found for social matters the place of sour oranges.. The

the oranges to split and drop in large there is a piano. The open central Our l\Ullal fiome Costly baking powders would seldombe

numbers in some portions of the court is beautified by palm, palmettoand ...,.......:-..,.....,..,..' ...,. used were this bread once tried,
county.-Orlando Sentinel. pampa grass, and all around it A Man in tho Dish Pan. and every farmer would want a hall

From all that we can learn from every room is a museum. There are i My wife has Jiggered out to me, in tongtio dozen sour orange trees ,at once.
different portions of the State we do sponges, corals and sea fans of so delicate and black an' white, that sho TRY AND SEE.Alligator .
not think the this a texture that it seems a light Has more to do from sun to sun than I .. e-
orange crop year wind waft them Thereare outside said she "I'll
might away. ; : run Stoak. J
will be much larger than last
year.- shells of dozens of kinds and Your chorea an' clear things up to-night i'orour Rural Home: _
Orange City Times. carved or lettered in a style that is whilo you wash dishes!" I m perlite.. Reading lately that there lay in the
is boom Enough to give wife full kite, an'
This place on a at last. my BO
fine art. There are sea beans, star prove to her that I'm right tail of the alligator a dainty morsel,
Three factories here now-a cider fish and alligator teeth in every conceivable So after supper off she went an' done tho an opportunity was given us duringthe

factory pickle factory and insecticide form of jewelry, and fish chores; it's no great stent past week to judge if it were so.
iactory. Can a people complain of scales wrought into hundreds of delicate Because I've gut things fixed to gave most A friend having killed an eight-

hard times with all this progress- and beautiful forms. Leather of every step and light and shave, foot one we just such a piece was
The labor bill but, ns for me, I tackled 4
Chuluota item in Oviedo Chronicle.The ;
alligator skin can be bought here in them air dish, ye scot! in the animal. "Here it is," said he, ,.
Lake Worth Fruit Co. have any desired quantity. All the grains An' first send off I plum fergot to keep and with a quick motion of his keen

just set out a choice lot of 35,000 imported and grasses, roots and fruits of Floridaare my water: bilin1 hot. knife he slatted the tail from its base

Porto Rico pine slips. Thus shown in some form, with cotton I swan I couldn't get cm clean; I never toward the end. Making a cut cross. 'I t

goes on the work that in a few years and the cotton plant, the sugar cane My seo wifo.things sat act there HO mean.and give me wise he put his hand in what appeared I

will make thee fruit industry of this from the ceiling. And, lastly, thereis enough. "Why don't ye use sum soap roop?I" like a pocket and with a jerk drew outa

region second in importance to no an immense cocoanmt tree with its Says she. My stirs! I could et that woman piece of flesh four inches thick at i

other.-Juno Sun. mass of fruit, just as it stood in its up, I was so het. the end, running to a taper at fourteen
Mr. W. J. Shone has just finished native Monroe county of the sub An' so into that night I unshed, and, inches. To our astonishment no"gator"odor
when I I'd 'em washed
setting out twenty thousand pineapple tropical region. There is no educational I found ft thought half a dozen gut more, while wife, existed, just like a fish.

slips, and is getting along exceedinglywell exhibit, but there is a fine dis set laughin' to the core. In cooking we halved it from end to

making coontie starch. He has play of Florida papers containing Ez nigh ez I could figger out, I washed end, parboiled it as one would bacon, ,
about five thousand pounds ready for glowing articles on the resources of and dried.that night about then tried it. Now'came the question,
market. He uses the red water and the peninsula.-Press item. Three dozen pieces, multiply that flgger Would it prove "a dainty morsel?" A I
or a bigger by
pulp as fertilizer for his pineapple Mr. W. H. Dunaway, a thrifty Ten hundred ninety-five-tho meals in small sample was cut off and carefully
slips, which is also good for tropical farmer who resides about a mile anda one year's time-that's how wife feels.I tasted. "Why this is simply chicken,"

fruit trees.-Juno Sun. half below Oakland this tell ye what, there's somethin' wrong; came the expression. It is just as tender .
our work outside gets like a and hard tell the difference.
song. to
Rose has built substantial
Capt. a makes a success of tilling the soil, andis Wo set an' ride an' ride, and nil tho time
dock just north of his dwelling. Last a living contradiction of the erro our wives inside SUBSCRIBER.
week he chartered the neous impression that farming does not At meanest handwork toil away like ------e- -- I
Fruit for Exhibition
channel Preserving
zas which cut a five.foot from pay in Florida. Mr. Dunaway, by sonic old treadmill horse, I flay
That hero's chanco fer Edison Purposes.Mr. .
the dock to deep water. He is removing actual.measurement, has just harvested a to get
the biggest slice of fun B. M. of the
the bank Lelong, secretary
as rapidly as possible 204 bushels of Indian corn from a six.
ever in man's j pocket fell; 'lectricity
State Board of Horticulture writes
thrown up by the dredge, which will acre plat, upon which he used no fer is very well, to
be used as filling behind the seawall, tilizers. He also has an acre of sugar But ho could beat it slick and clean by the Calfprnia Fruit Grower: "The:
in of construction. The washin' dishes by machine. preservatives that have given the most
now course cane from which he will make more !
captain also has several acres of Porto than enough syrup-and sugar to last 4 satisfaction are sulphurous acid gas ,I

Rico and other choice pineapple his family a year. His potato yield Florida Haws for Apple Butter. and hi sulphite of soda. In preparing

plants, which by their thrifty growth will be enormous, which together with For Our Rural Home : the former many have met with dis-

already attest to the care and skill home raised bacon will enable him to The native tholn-apple, plum and I appointment because of lack of expe

employed in their cultivation.JunoSun. live at home, as his surplus productswill grape make excellent fruit butters, pence required to make it uniformlyby
the details
bring sufficient revenue to provide besides jellies, preserves, &c., that not following closely.

Mr. John Powell, of this city, has himself and family with clothing and can be made quite a source of income; Those contemplating the preparation
of fruit I would advise
invented an orange ladder, which will such luxuries as cannot be raised on and now friend Campbell wants us to samples, to pro-
greatly facilitate the work of orange his farm. In this prosperous conditionMr. feed them to his hogs. For apple butter cure sulphurous acid, which can be
obtained from' wholesale .
picking. The device is very simple, Dunaway is not conspicuous, as take one-half yellow haws and the our druggists.Mr.
Justinian Caire and Messrs. .R d-
than his neighbors are doing other half plums or or both.
being nothing more a common equally as grapes, & Co. of this will furnishit
stepladder with a zigzag canvass well, and are happy and contented, Cook them aiid then run them througha dington city
in five
chute extended from the top of the "living under their own vine and fig colander to remove the seeds. pound bottles at thirty-five

ladder to the basket, box or whatever tree."Orlando Reporter. Sugar and boil the mass, and you will cents per pound. Two ounces of sul-
acid the of is
be used for catching the golden have apparently as good apple butteras phurous to gallon water
mar drove of about the
Thursday night a required amount to most
fruit. The orange is dropped in the 25 can be bought at the store, and preserve I J
half wild cattle were rampaging along fruits. In using the acid better results
chute and lands at the bottom with. very much better than that shipped
Beach street. It is said this drove will be obtained than by undertaking
out the slightest bruise. With this from Northern factories, where they
makes its appearance every day in the to make sulphurous acid gas, especially
ladder the picker can harvest all the say it is made of turnips colored and
dusk of the evening, as though drivento without some experience. Of bisul
fruit in reach without Mr.
a move.
our town by some malicious phite of soda Merck's Pure
person use Dry
Powell has applied for the patent.- The trees do best for me planted in
who desires to see our gardens laid Sodium Bi-Sulphite, obtained from
Orlando the hollow where trees will not
Reporter. waste. Whether there is foundation orange wholesale in pound bottles
any druggists ,
and the loads of fruit bear
At the meeting of the board of the for this belief, or whether the on grow cultivated, land are remarkable costing sixty-five cents per pound.

. Agricultural College Tuesday, there cattle of their own desire enter town besides the shade this affords for fowlsor Use one-half ounce per gallon of water
was very little done of interest to the in the evening we do not know, but beasts. Miss 13. and add four ounces of alcohol. The

public. Miss Bettie C. Desha of the fact exists. It is a serious question Oriole. addition of alcohol prevents the fruit

Pensacola was elected to the chair or how this evil that promises to stop[ ----......--.... from bursting. Pure sodium bi-sul-

stenography, telegraphy and typewriting all improvements in Florida villages= Orange Bread. phite does not deposit, and the solu

and Mr. John P. Parkinson of shall be met. It would seem as thoughour I. ural Home. tion is applied to the fruit as soon as

Chapel Hill, N. c., was chosen professor lawmakers had the intent of bar To one quart sifted flour, a teaspoonful I- it is dissolved. To prevent floating

of bookkeeping and penman. ring progress and the beautifying of of salt and bicarbonate or particles from going into the air the

ship. The salary of W. G. DePass, ovr town when they passed this law. baking soda, use the juice of one sour solution should be passed through a

assistant in the agricultural departmentwas If such was their design they have orange. Squeeze the orange juice cloth or filtering paper. Great care

raised from $Goo to $900.A certainly succeeded in accomplishing into a cup, fill it full of waterallowdregs must be used not to allow these acidsto

committee was appointed to visit it. The emergency is with us. What to settle-pour clear water or come in contact with metals of any

the sub-stations at DeFuniak and Ft. shall be done to meet it? It is nearlytwo solution into the flour, also seven. kind. In using sulphurous acid the

Myers. The matter of text books in years before another Legislature eighths of another cup of water. best way is to place the fruit in the

history for college use was referred to convenes, and, judging from the past, Melt your lard, pour it in the water glass jar, which must be clean, and fill J
Col. 'V. D. Chiplcy.-Lake City : that convenes will then stir the whole into a soft dough; it.with water; after leaving it stand 'a

Reporter. probably be a little worse than its pre. do not knead. Patty-pan biscuits I half hour to allow the air to escape


pour in the acid and cover immediate- But the Tampa papers are like '

ly., some impressionable men who go FLORIDA FRUIT! EXCHANGE.
In using bt-sulphite of soda the required through two or three religious beliefs

amount should be placed in the and finally come out infidels. The .

glass jar, a half pint of water pouredon Tribune says: An Incorporated Home Association or Orange fl rowers for marketing. Florida Fruit to the

it and left standing. The soda will "After four years of peaceful rest BOX TSUIAL-Tho best adoantaKo.-AUTJlOUIZHD Exchange is fully prepared to supply.tODOLOUO.boxes and paper on
soon dissolve, then the jar is filled with under the assurance of safety, or at order. Write for price list and term

water and the required amount of alcohol least timely warning, we are rudely -:OFFICERS:2--

added. The solution is then awakened to the fact that there are no OEO. 4V. FAIRBANKS. President. *'. OUEENLKAF, Vlce-Prcident.
passed into another jar through clothor yellow fever experts that no man of A ALIIKHT! M. Ivks Oen'! Mgr and Treas. M. 1'. TUIINKU. bee ret a 17.
I DlltEC"'OUS-Ooo.lt. .Fairbanks Alachua Co. E.O. Hill .
: UradfordCo.j: Dr. 1' 1' Pratt
filtering paper, then poured on the any experience or learning can positively Hlllsboro Co.; John Fabyan. Lake Co.: 111'Crutcher Orange (,0.; I). Orecnfeaf UU\1\1 Co.:
fruit II. M. liacr Duval Co: A. Iinuly Uro.nl Co.- F. d Co' \
and covered immediately. decide of | .8aml c. V. illiiyer
upon a case yellow Marion Co. John Co. w. Putnam
; &i uij tim>vw>M ; *-n nnJnf Co.: )I. k.)foreman a..t.
fever under from twenty-four to seven. Johns Co.; C. F. A. Hielby, volull4 Co.; Itonj.. UOW'di IAko Co.
Gold Water and Lifo. Addrcfts'al' !correspondence to tho t Exchange,Jacksonville, Fla Stencils,
Loner hours.
ty-two with full packing and shipping instructions,furnished on application.
The Pittsburg Dispatch says: Dr. This is the petulance of a child.

R. H. Dalton says that although to Simply because a prudent physicianwill JOHN CLARK SON & CO.
suggest the methodical use of cold not give a positive opinion insideof ,

water as a beverage in the absence of two or even three days, whereas the
thirst as a means of augmenting the editor has been all his life resting in GROCERS AND COMMISSION MERCHANTS

chance of longevity, may render a the beliet that an expert could pro ----DKAtHRs IN---- ;
man liable to be dubbed a crank, if nounce judgment at sight, thereforehe ,
not a lunatic, the idea has a soundly would tread the whole system of Goal, Hay, Grain, Wines, Liquors, Cigars, Tobacco, Etc.

physiological origin, and is well sup. quarantine and inspection under foot. ,JAICt4orT'ri __ _
He thinks the State not afford RF
ported by experience. Solid and dryas can an
the human body appears, water annual expenditure of $40,000 or I'arker.....................................1 76 J.Martin 11,.............................s 00
constitutes more than one-fourth of thereabout for a system which can not Orange'.lIey........................... 3 00 Virginia ftlailes ......................*.,. 4,OO
determine in less Sprlnjf Yatier* ..................... 2 fiO Old ilourbnn ...............*..**..*...>. 5.00
its bulk, and all the functions of life a suspicions case North Carolina Corn............... :3 00 Kentucky Hour Marsh .... .... ....... ft 00
are really carried in a water bath than two or three days.! Clifton Club. ..... ............... Old Baker ................... ....*..... .. IS 00
on Hontrofte Velvet..*................90 00
and although the of thirst The dwellers along the lower
sense may Jags Kxtrm: One gallon asc.; two gallon soc.; three gallon 750. Remit(by post office! money
be trusted to call for a draught of reaches of the Mississippi might with order,check or registered I letter. We cannot ship C,O. D. to dry towns.
their levees be- A complete price list Groceries,and Wine List sent free on application.
water when required, the fluid can be equal propriety raze
imbibed' most advantageously for cause, forsooth, they are once in a JOHN CLARK- -,__SON
many reasons besides merely satisfy while mistaken in their weather prognostications
ing thirst. and it does not raIn
PENDING Geo. S. Hacker & Son
Jn the latter stage of digestion,when enough to bring the river above its II ,
the .comminution of the mass is incomplete banks when they had anticipated it. .,; WIR ROWE SEC VAflE. MAJlfUp..cnra.u or

it ;js much facilitated by a it: w m.c
Best Insooticido for Cabbage. -
moderate of which disintegrates -
draught water, -
and dissolves the contentsof A bulletin of the Canton of Vaud, 1 ::I

the stomach, fitting it for emul Switzerland, gives the following infor- ..aai
gence and preparing it for assimila- mation.: Among numerous insecticides rng
tion. Hence the habit of drinkingwater tried, the best for destroying V J:
in moderate between caterpillars on the cabbage were soft ... 0
quantities POUL Rfn &:
A I dt
meals contributes to health, and indi. soap and pyrethrum and liver of sulphur dI r u. .*ruja worn wiu raci ca.ouajt 2 E
cates the fact that those who visit and soft soap. The last is made oAQ :1-

health resorts for the purpose of im by dissolving 300 grams of soap and Nerve Ab Blood
bibing the waters of mineral springs, 50 grams of liver of sulphur in 10 v
might profit by staying at home and liters of water. The cabbage must Tonic Builder

drinking: more water and less whisky. be repeatedly sprayed, as new cater And Building Material.OHARLE.TON9 .

Water is the universal solvent of nature pillars are hatched each day. On 4r
account of its corrosive action it is 8. O.
and the chief in all
... ...
formations of matter. When taken not possible to employ this insecticideon -

into an empty stomach it soon beginsto tender plants or on the rape in

pass out through the tissues by an bloom, but on the cabbage its effectis s FraudnxsFruitWrappers.

osmotic process into the circulationto entirely satisfactory. d.salpdtbi -
liquefy effete solids whose excretion Deafness Cannot bo Curod S NO MORE CHEATING.
from the system is thus facilitated. e .WILLLUtS'lOt'
Very few think of the necessity by local applications, as they cannot MEDICINE CO., Consumers of Fruit Wrappers may
reach the diseased portion of the ear. per b.a. SChenectady,N.Y. now know that they get an honest ream
of washing the inside as well as the There is only one way to cure deafness 0 for ".G9. an4BrockYlilcOflt.BENTON of 480 sheets and not 400 or 320 sheet
outside of the body, and he who and that is "by constitutional to ream AS some unscrupulous dealers
would be should be
perfectly healthy remedis. Deafness is caused by an supply.
careful about the cleanliness of his & UPSONtACcsovIItA
as inflamed condition of the mucous lining OUR "FAIR AND SQUARE"
stomach as that of his skin. .
.. of the Eustachian Tube. When FILL, Printed l Ws'rearoputupinpaclcage
.this tube is inflamed you have a rum. of 1000 each and each Wrapper la
:yellow Fever Exports. bUng sound or imperfect hearing, and numbered, in printing, consecutively
:The Pcnsacola News says that Dr. when it is entirely closed Deafness is IRRIGATING from 1 to 1000. No ono can

Porter, the State Health Officer, has the result, and unless the inflammation HONESTLY BEATour
made only one professional mistake in can be taken out and this tube
ten years, and adds: restored to its normal condition, hear- MACHINERY prices. Send for samples and prices

"When the history of Florida is ing will be destroyed forever; nine toTHE

written and her benefactors are valued cases out of ten are caused by catarrh, nOTI-I JERSEY CITY PRINTING CO.,
at their true worth, with John which is but inflamed
f nothing an con- JERSEY CITY, N. J.
Dunn who loved her people and dition of the mucous surfaces. Steam and Horse Power. N. B.-We do not deal in unprinted
opened the earth for them, with Flag. We will give One Hundred Dollarsfor wrappers.

ler who disclosed the riches of the any case of deafness (caused by
far South, with Disston, who gave the catarrh) that cannot be cured by Pipe, Pipe Fitting, Brass

Everglades to the plow, with Chipleywho Hall's Catarrh Cure. Send for cir Valve Hose Etc. FRUIT TREES.
made the settlement of the west culars; free.F. .

possible, will stand Porter who openedto J. CHENEY & CO.,Toledo, O. WRITE FOR ESTIMATES. FOIL
us the confidence of the world and fST, Sold by Druggists, 7 Sc. SOUTHERN ORCHARDS:
yet guards our lives with the care and ...
INCUBATORS&BROODERSBroodur and llrt. .
skill and unceasing watchfulness The sloven says "it is a waste of .oalj Is& fist..4 eli arb.t for Write for Catalogue price .
which heaven bless- time" to well-his Wi rvlrffta chick t *>*f* pr.m am.| LLAt..tUuoW. ( JENNINQS' NURSERY JH
from pack returns
come as a are,a .r..nd due oat.la .. 0. --9' '
ing on the elect of earth. waste of money.- r I.8.StNW... B. 51,Gudfagtsn O. I Thom.IYllle.




S. POWERS, Editor. I Announcement.By may teach others to good purpose.It Green Oranges in Demand. r
P. O. Address, Lnwtoy, Fla. I
A. H. MANVILLE, Staff Contributor. i purchase of the interest held by has happened before today that a The Florida Fruit Exchange advertise

bright countryman, visiting the city, that ill make their first
Mr. John L. Marvin, the undersigned has seen and described it more they shipment *
CONTENTS. to England September 21 and
becomes the sole owner of this jour. instructively than the veteran citizen
GKOVK AID OaCIIARuestiou' in oraa.leCu1turei. could do.Some. the second September 27. They want
;. Itowe-rnix Fertilizer; Variestie. nal. lie has secured the services, as I "such flint as is nearer maturity.11
.of Done Manure Retrogradatlon of -----e.----
I'hoephate ....... .. .;. .._... ............. 602 staff contributor, of Mr. A. H. Manville Things Florida Nooda For years Fast those who shipped
Bermuda Gratis in Groves; Dead Soil; Kernedies oranges belt re they were thoroughly)
for White Fly; Slag 1'hotphates... 603 whose extensive knowledge and While it would be presumptuousor ripe have been bittely denounced.
World's Fair Notes; Land of the Guava; us to attempt to outline a course
New Orange Box; The Moon and Rain; facile pen have made him so favorably Now comes the highest commercial
of for the
Remedy Against Grasshoppers Orange investigations Experiment
Siz er.... .... ..... ...... .. .......;. ... .....604. authority on oranges:>> in the world and
known in horticultural circles. Station, it will not be out of
PARMKR AND TRUCKER-Yam Dean; Florida solicits shipments in September!
MOM;Curing hay;Taro in Florida; Fertttizer place to point out a few of the econ-
Farming..................... .. .... 605 While necessarily local in name, omic and horticultural needs of Flor Last year Mr. E. L. Goodsell was

LIVE for STUCK Hogs-.Florida.. .......Horses.......;..Wisteria..........Bean..... 606 this journal will diligently seek to ida, on the line of which researches harshly censured by some of the growers
l'evLTRY-Di&6nt Poultry Farms Poultry might profitably be carried on at LakeCity. for soliciting green fruit for Eng
)Manure; Dust..................;...... .... 606 disseminate accurate practical infor- land, but today he is vindicated.One .

GOOD Goods 11KALTII......-..Adulteration................in....Canued........ 6u6 mation as to the culture of fruit and I. For the benefit of people who of the strongest commissionfirms

out RURAL HOMK-Man in the DUhpan; minor farm staples in the entire South are removed from the advantages of in New York are sending out
Florida Haws for Apple Butter; Orange circulars of which the
Bread: Alligator Steak; Preserving Fruit city markets there is urgently neededa following is an
for inhibition..... .. .,.... .... .......... 607 Atlantic and Gulf coast region ; and line of food products not so loaded extract: '"Last year we advised early:

Cold Experts: Water; Iest and Insecticide Long Life!:Cabbage Yellow Fever... 608 the latest and best market reports will and overloaded with starch, oil and shipments; and those who took our

JDITOaIAJ-Cotd and Silver;Announcement; also be of sugar as are corn, bacon, sweet pota- advice received much more for their
New College 1'resident; Some Things one our specialties. To toes and syrup. For adults these fruit than those who held and shipped
Florida Needs;Green oranges iu Demand 609
Florida Fruit Exchange; Oranges for lx- fullness of information we shall studyto articles may form somewhat near a later. Some people will howl againstthe

port; Florida Life.. ...................... 610 sufficient ration but for the shipment of green and
Weather and Crops; Markets.............. 611 add correct business methods. young tell that such oranges
there is marked of
bone shipments
Origin of Grain and Fruits The Less Trunk a inadequacy you injurethe
the Better........... ....;.............. .... 612 THE: FARMER AND FRUIT GROWERwill and muscle-forming elements. sale of Florida oranges. It does

never be afraid of doing too 2. Experiments should be made to nothing of the kind Buyers want

Weather in Jacksonville. ascertain whether rice, barley and oranges in September and October,
much for its friends, and it confidently
a a ti.Q .c: perhaps other cereals more adapted' and for years have been buying green

DATL A. d. = .E N a :0!'4.=0 Na ) counts on their continued and for the farmer's consumption cannot ,Jamaica oranges. They know theyare

GO -" .H fI'I' AC I: '-" G." : increased be grown as profitably as corn. not ripe or sweet, but they take
-- - support.
Selt 5 .......... 76 18 88 -uo 3. If some combination fertilizers them because they want them. We
Sept 6.... .... ;6 78 87 70 17 1M 0.00 S. POWERS.
could be discovered which would im prefer to sell our customers
... '6 green
Sept 7. ; 7J SJ 71 U 77 J 91 .
;Sept 8..... .... 74 7' 19 7' 7 76 1Sept 6.4 The part to sweet potatoes the dry and Florida oranges rather than have them j
..... ... So '6 Now Colloco President.
g. 77 71 9 ; o.1Sept
.0.-8: 76 J 7.5 7 0.03 mealy quality which is sought for in buy green Jamaicas, and we know
........ (178 In a brief interview with President
Sept II. 7S 76 o 74 6 171 0.01 Northern markets-which we believe that we benefit Florida shippers by so

ftan .... .....7..9 75.C' 8,.) 71.711.0177.1 3.77 Oscar Clute, of the Florida Agricul possible-a good outlet for a large doing. Green Florida oranges can

E. It DEAIN. Olx Fever. tural College, we found him engagedin quantity could be found or created.It only be handled satisfactorily by those

the arduous labor of removing and seems practicable to overcome the who have the facilities and understand

Col. K. D. Chandler, manager of. setting up his houshold )lares and pen- present qualities in this favorite escu fully how to color them. Very few

the Board of Trade tobacco farm ales. He took his first lesson in su lent which are objectionable to the houses know how to handle green oranges

near Jacksonville, brought to this office pervising" the his labor of "the man and Northern consumers. properly. They cannot be sold

some samples of wrapper leaf brother elegant piano being violently 4. Experiments are needed to deter- satisfactorily at auction; they need

just cured which are exceedingly fine overturned out of the wagon bed mine what course of cultivation, fer- coloring before being offered for sale.
and If the tariff sheer onto the ground, splitting the lid is needed We have for
silky. can only I be tilizing or manipulation to large rooms coloring and
from end end. His
spared two or three years longer Florida the to remarks upon correct the tendency of Florida cigar ripening oranges and lemons, and can

tobacco will make so many con occurrence were philosophical; tobacco to flake in burning. quickly put in shape all shipments.We .
had .
also reference
verts through its great excellence that they of to the possibilities S. It would be of incalculable valueto make no charge for coloring and

the growers can let protection whistle) glue.President the millions of acres of flat woods ripening.Ve have seen considerable

down the wind. Clute is of medium stature, lands if some method could be ascertained fruit that shippers have attempted to

----.-- robust physique and ruddy complexion by which large areas of the color and ripen in Florida-as a general

Gold and Silver.It ; only a very slight stoop hintingof worthless wiregrass could be convertedinto thing, it has a stale and withered

the scholar; wearing a Prince Al good by the introduc, look on arrival and not the
is idle to talk against gold. The bert coat buttoned with black pasturage ; bright,
up tight,
tion of cultivated without fresh
grasses so satisfactory to
civilized world is appearance
practically mono
hair and
cropped a little! grizzled resort to the long process of clearing, buyers: *
metallist, for the silver dollar is ale with He creates ari
impressionof I
ways measured by the gold and declared dray reserved but with sufficient stumping and breaking up the land. "We cannot do better than to repeat
quiet, power,
6 Florida stands in need of
to be worth greatly the advice we in circular letterwe
so or so many elasticity to "get along" with gave a
cents (in gold being understood). the great majority of people. intelligent investigation into the pos. addressed to our shippers last sea-:

The rant in Congress about the de He stated that he should teach one sibilities of profitable dairying withoutice son. If you have hammock oranges,

struction of silver is an insult tmen's o class in the college-that in practical or running water. North Florida and they are bright ship part of them

intelligence. No sensible man agriculture-but give his main efforts ought to supply the citrus belt with early. If oranges begin to show faint

wants to demonetize silver-simply to the work of organizing and nearly all the dairy products it re- signs of turning, or if they have not

let it alone just where it stands, after managing the Experiment Station. quires. commenced to turn, if they have com

the repeal of the purchase clause. While acknowledging his entire lack 7. There are manifold questions to menced to soften, or if they are greenas

As the letter of the Director of the of knowledge of Southern agricul be determined as to the profitableness grass, and cut well, pick them and

Mint to Senator Voorhees showed, i it t ture, he manifests a of of irrigation for other than citrus fruit send them along; we will ripen them
would cost seventeen millions of dol supplying that lack from the best crops; also as to the best methods' for and get you more money for them

lars to recoin the present accumula sources-that is by personal contact so doing. than you can get any time later in the
We have not mentioned of the "
tion of silver. A silver dollar would and correspondence with To any icason.
have to be at least one third heavier this end be cordially invites the farmers numerous problems which have arisenin It begins to look as if Floridians
citrus culture that solution.
than at present-an intolerable nuisance and frult-growers of Florida to require} really do not know as much about
These form the basis for another
in one's pocket. In ten yearsit communicate freely with him and to I may oranges as the Northern people do.

would probably have to be recoined throw out suggestions as to any article. Fortunately, we have at Or perhaps they want green oranges
Eustis station conductedby
again. The Government has enough experiments they would like to see an experiment I because they do not know any better.
the General Government whose
gold and silver, coin and bullior, to made. The wagon-loads of books We certainly ought to try to sell them
officers well for
guarantee its paper for the next ten which moved the wonder of the present are equipped what they want.
let it alone their work. .
years. Why not simply teamsters will evidently not hinder i

far the present? President Clute from getting at the I I If we take into account the great Citrus fruits should never be packed

-e. root of the matter by "the rule of ,I scarcity of apples in the North, the immediately after clipping. Oranges

The lemon crop is about ready, but thrumb. Ffctida orange crop is not really as should be subject to the action of the

the buyers are not here as they were It is quite possible that a man fresh large as it was: last year, and prices air from four to six days after clipping

lat season. from Michigan, in teaching himself! should be as good. or. better. before packing, in the shade.



FLORIDA FRUIT EXCHANGE. (shipping fruit. For such fruit, wo think builders use only the best materials-lumber,
the growers should get from one dollarto 4 1 brick lime cement, sand-whatever into
T \ goes
Information for the Growers. one dollar and twenty-five cents t
per III" e S the construction of a building; they employ
The Florida Fruit Exchange, through box) on the tree, with cost of packing .a..v *r only the best workmen and pay the best
its Executive Committee Juts during the added, if sold f. o. b. wages; they get better prices for their work than their less careful competitors
Iust seasons issued about this time of Of course, we know that there is a considerable and always get the best contracts ; they paint their work with
year a circular in reference to the condition quantity of fancy fruit, very
and prospects of the orange crop, smooth, bright and attractive, which
and has}given such information an would should, and probably will, bring more Strictly Pure White Leadmanufactured
be of value to the growers in determining than the price wo have named, and we

the price of fruit on the trees or f. o. b. also know that there is a groat deal of by the "Old Dutch" process of slow corrosion, and with one
Early in the season the increased acreage rou ;h.8kinned I inferior fruit,culls,stained, of the following standard brands:
and generally full ,bloom promised a shriveled l, very large and very small, thick
skinned which will ANCHOR (Cincinnati) RED SEAL" (St. Louis)
largely increased l crop. Various causes etc.,, not bring one ECKSTEIN (Cincinnati) KENTUCKY" (Louisville)
have, to some extent, modified the estimates dollar per box on the tree, but every intelligent "SOUTH ERN"St.Louis( and Chicago) "ATLANTIC"(New York)
then made. From present indica- grower knows how his fruit will COLLIER (St. Louis) "JEWETT** (New York)

tions, hoWovor it is J probable that the cla.lJslfyand can govern his price accord For colors they use the National Lead Company's Pure White Lead Tinting
crop of 1893 will I somewhat exceed any ingly. Colors. These colors are sold in small cans, each being sufficient to tint
previous crop. Although in some localities GEO. R. FAIJIDANKS, twenty-five pounds of Strictly Pure White Lead the desired shade.I .
the promise is note largos-than last in others a greatly M. S. MonEMKjf, I,I for sale by the most reliable dealers in paints everywhere. j
year B, M. BAKU If you are going to paint, it will pay you to send to us for a book containing Informa
increased l production is reported. Theproportionate tion that may save you many a dollar; it will only cost you a postal card to do so.
increase however is not Executive Committee.
very much greater than in past years. Jacksonville. Sept t. NATIONAL LEAD CO., .

With increased and better facilities of i Broadway, New York.
transportation,a wider distribution of the This is to advice the orange growers of
fruit and greater care in electing and Florida that tho Fruit Exchanao has perfected -
arrangements for the sale of seedsmen :Messrs. II. G. Hastings & Co. to to
packing, we see no reason to anticipatemuch pay freight Fernandina, and
reduction in pries One of the Florida oranges in England during the have found! their special line of trade BO 05 cents per box to cover every charge}{
most important factors in marketing our season now about to open. An agency largely increased of late that they have as was tho case last season.
crop is the relative supply of other fruits, has been established in Liverpool,and all disposed of their nursery and rose gardens Further, This year I guarantee to maila
not only the importation of citrus fruits, fruit will be sold! under the auction to Messrs. Hastings; & Wylie, whoso card notice to every shipper of 100 boxes
but the quantity and quality of the apple system. appears this week. of oranges within 7 days after the sale
the great fruit crop of the North Tho Exchange will not undertake to ORANGES FOR ENGLAND. See Mr.\ takes place in Liverpool, telling him
crof'<< Northwest.! An abundant apple crop, handle or forward any fruit for points in Goodsell's attractive offer of a cash pre- about what his fruit netted, and with a
of good quality, largely affects and comes Great Britain except such as is sent to be mium of $50 for good I Kicking. Now check to cover any probable alance.
into competition with the orange crop. sold in the regular course through its that he has changed his port of destina Under all these favorable terms won't

Cheapness( of apples means cheapness( of authorized rolling agents. tion from London to Liverpool and has Florida growers forward pledges at once,
other fruits, from which the consumer Growers desiring to send shipments to announced that he will be in England and thus definitely determine aa to
determines his choice. We have made England will do well to communicatewith himself to oversee! the selling the cargo, whether there shall IKJ direct exportation
careful investigation as to the incoming the Exchange management at once. we do not see what more Mr. ioodsell this season or not? Let tho repliesto
winter apple crop and find that in New The first shipment will be mode from could do to guarantee good work and this be'prompt and full.
England: on the Hudson river Western Jacksonville September 21st, the second prompt sales. It would certainly seema Very truly yours,
New York Ohio, Michigan andstho Went! shipment September 27th, and the third good plan for tho growers to test both E. L. OOOD ELL.
generally,the opinion of the l beet informed shi Remember 4th. lines this year by simultaneous!! shipments 103 Park Place, New York.
that the fruit must reach ._.
dealers is that the apple crop is a com through Mr. Goodsell's steamers and by --- --
parativo failure and promises to be not Jacksonville not later than the morning tho Fruit Exchange line via New York. Florida Life.
ono-thinl of last of the dates mentioned above. .
over year's crop. Thisis *Mia
very favorable to maintaining a good After October 4th, the management will The long promised publication comes to
select such lots from time to time as in ORANGES FOR EXPORT. little
market price for oranges. us as a natty "maga" of 32-nage,
The foreign orange" crop is reported to its judgment will be suitable for transhipment with a vignette in colors and a number of
A Premium Ofterod.
be largo, but tho shipiters of foreign fruit to England.; Any grower who does photo-engravings, whose soft gray shadIng -
have learned experience that they not wish his fruit sent to England should Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: like (locks of Spanish moss, blend
cannot afford to ship fruit to the United notify us at once, otherwise we will use Regarding the project of exporting or- earth and air and pea in a way well befitting -
States to be sold in competition with I our diwretion in selecting shipments.Now anges this season by direct steamer to tho mellow chiaroscuro of Florida
Florida fruit, and they consequently will as to tho kind of fruit to ship wo England from Fernandina I wish you atmosphere Hut while the engravings
'probably withhold their fruit until the have to suggest that for early shipments, would give wide publicity to the offer have about them tho slumberous languorof
Florida fruit is largely out of market. euch fruit as is nearest maturity be below. the tropics the typography proofreading
Wo expect to open up a foreign outlet {packed. The fruit should be carefully I desire to raise the standard of pack arc clean and smug, and the supercalendered -
for a considerable quantity of our fruit selected and well packed. Ship no russets. ing and quality from what was the case book paper gives tho little
early in the season. We have made com The sizes should not be larger than 126 last year in the Ethelwold's: cargo, brochure the daintiest modem finish ofa
for shipping fruit to or smaller than 200. Send no lots less and for that purpose propose to offer a practical age.
England by the most speedy| routes, with i than 25 IKDXCS. As we aro entering acomparatively prize of |50 to the shippers that help Of the contents we cannot but note
agencies at tho shipping joint on this new field it is importantthat makeup each of the two cargoes I desire that tho strong contingent of utilitarian
aide to inspect and forward, the fruit and no trashy or slack packed fruit be to send this season on November 1st and fitly typifies that wholesome revolution -
our own agents in England to receive forwarded for shipment England. 15th. which has changed the chief end
; ,
handle and nell the fruit to tho best ad The shipments will be sent via New The stipulations are : of man in Florida from maundering over
vantage. We will later on rend out pacific York and thence via fast ocean lines. 1. Those contesting for the prize must moonlit shores to giving a modicumof
Tho fruit will be carefully examined by attention to what the Germans call
instructions as to fruit destined for ship at least 50 boxes by each steamer.
foreign markets. our New York agents, and such as, in 2. The shipper winning thc prize will "tho bread-and-butter sciences." Gen
their judgment, will not carry farther will eral Ledwith's article is tho most striking -
We have all of our own usual arrange 1 bo tho one whose shipment shall sell to
mauls for handling the fruit properly and be sold in New York. average the highest result in Liverpool.As contribution in the number; bold
AH shipments for England should be8cnt and incisive and sure to provoke contro
advantageously" in the markets of the the cargoes will be sold at auction
United States, with such additional facil. to the Exchange at Jacksonville, in by one of the most responsible and reputable versy. Senator Browne's paper on
Hies as our own experience has dictatedto the usual way, and notice of shipment firms in that city it is fair to infer sponges; is of great value as are also those
".08hall do all in mailed a day or two ahead. of General Iloustoun and Senator Roy
us. our i power to that the soundest! most carefully packed
reduce transportAtion charges Under present arrangements" tho rate and best fruit, will naturally sell for the nolds. The matter Airnlshed by Commissioner
from Jacksonville to Liverpool will not Wombwell carries the
The most uncertain element at present highest prices.I weightof
exceed 75 cents per box. This rate is official ",3ncla. Hamilton Jay
is the financial condition which of course take this action as an incentive to propa
if not relieved I, will operate to the disadvantage based l on steamship{ rate to New York shippers to not only get $ .o bonus, but contributes a bit of his irresistible
of all business calculations. It and ocean lines to Liverpool and includes also to receive a certificate which the drollery.The .
is to l ho hoid 1 legislation by transfer at New York.ResjKJctfully Liverpool)! auctioner will furnish that his stories and poems are of the hopeful .

Congress, to be followed by a general lot sold at the highest price of tho cargo.I character, evidently being& tho first
A. M. IVES, or among the first productions of theauthors'
restoration of confidence, will before our am very much disappointed that
crop comes into market bring about a General Manager. more pledges to help make up the November Pens. General Finley'apoemmoves
Jacksonville Sept. t.Business with the stride of the
condition of prosperity throughout tho | 1st and 15th cargoes have not
and its
Confederate veteran bowsto
whole country.We come forward. rhythm
that in Notices. fast, steamers in tho inexorable laws of"military ne<:e8-
are aware undertaking to I have splendid, large "
name the prices which orange growers STANDARD GUANO COMPANY- More view, and think with tno prospect of low sity.
ought to get for their fruit, we are sub and more the manufacture of chemical prices ruling hero in America and Flor The editor's notes properly recognizethe
jecting ourselves to criticism, to misrepresentation fertilizers is removing from tho North to ida's large crop, that growers should fact that "the man in motioD"whetller -
and to misapprehension, but the South. The South has tho phosphate promise to help this project more than railroad magnate or his passenger
you have a right to our this and it has the cattle and tho cottonseed. I they have done at present. Of course, -"is a very essential part of "Floridalife.
matter a guide to your judgment, and Why send North for everything:? We I unless sufficient pledges are given me, I .
which we give as an opinion simply! based welcome to our advertising columns do not propose to risk the loss of charter- The list of articles promised for future
upon the best information we can obtain, another of those great Southern enterprises ing expensive steamers.A issues is extremely appetizing.
:a consideration of the factors which enter which are helping to give this section supercargo, the choice of the shippers "
into the question and our best judgment industrial independence, tho Standard providing the same is a suitable\ van DYSPEPSIA
thereon. We wish it distinctly understood Guano and Chemical Manufacturing party, will accompany each steamer amy ZadlfftcUaa. and Stomtcb d1Jord n..take
that in naming wo have in Company of Now Orleans. Mr. Oscar expense in the interests of the ship- dealers B1UMV.VJ keep it*,tl IHOX per bottle.Bl'l'TEJUl..AIl famine. hat
view bright fruit of fair quality and of Nolan is tho Jacksonville agent.I'YEaLAC1UEN trademark and creased red liner OD wrapper.THE .
average size; in other words,good,bright ROSE GARDENS. The I propose to advance 65 cents per.boxpers I



WEATHER AND CROPS. wood, over which a coat of white paint

JVIai] {efcs has recently been spread. The paint v

For Week Ending Sept. 11, 1893. must not be dry when the pencil IS

Kxce *ive rains nro reported t by all used. The pencil marks will usually
JACKSONVILLE FLA., Sept. 15. stand above the surrounding
corrtj)ondentH this week. Many woiioiin up distinctly

of the State have had more ruin FRUITS AND VKGUTABLKS.These surface when the weather

during the first ton hays of September are average quotation tetra choice has worn the adjacent parts away.
than Ml during the whole month of Anju lots fetch prices above top quotation, while poor
from 1 tots ell lower. Turpentine is the of buffalo:
t. The temiKratnre averaged Lemon,Fla., .... .............. 1.00101.50 enemy
to 2* daily below normal in the western; .. Messina.. ....... ........ 3.35Plneappter. moths, carpet worms and other insects
and northern countieit' and was nearly .crate..... ... .... ...... 3.50 that injure and destroy Mix\
normal in other sections. There Pear, Kiefler. .. ... .... ............. 2.50103.00 carpets.
was Potatoes, New York .................. 3.00 the turpentine witlP pure water in the
but little Bhun&hino in any K-ction during .' s-barrcl lots ....... ... 2.85
the week. The conditions generallywere Onions, yellow, bbl.................. 3.50 proportion of three tablespoonfuls to
favorable for and most all .. led .. ..... .....,.......... 3.35 three quarts of water, and then after est
oranges Sweet potatoes new.................. .60 Shortest n 11E
field crops) except) cotton, which suffered New York cabbage, each. ........... .12 the carpet has been well swept go over .
some in placw., Hay making wan ,HUHIxmlM Beet, northern,per bbl.............. 3.50 each breadth with a
l l account of tho rains. In Turnips, northern .......... . .... 2.50 carefully sponge
l ) on Carrot,dozen bunches................ ..25larnip dipped in the solution and wrung
many counties where fall gardens had _, u........... .......... .35 the Most{ Attractive
IKHUI planUnl, the abundant rains Marled Celery .. .. .. ......... ............... 60 to .73 nearly dry. Change water as
them off nicely.) Lake that have been Ugg Plantsbbl. ........ ............. a.oo I often as it becomes dirty. The carpet
Tomatoes. .. .. .. .. ................-.. 1.50
low are idling up) and there i in now plenty Squashes, bbl.. ....... ... ... ..._.... 1.25101.50 will be nicely cleaned, as well as dis- ROUTE
of water for stock throughout the Cocoanut.. .. ... ..... ............. 4.50 infected.
State. A week of sunshine! would now Peanut, best brand..... ............. .0510.06
enable Green Com, dozen........ .. ... .... .tz to .15 BETWEEN -
1.0 l lMneflcial and would

farmers to complete their hay harvest.many Apples, New Georgia foil carrier."O, bbl g............ .... a.TStoj.so i.oo The greatest average height: in any Florida Points and the North

The wet weather haM caused oranges to Melon per lop..... .............. .... 8.ootoio.oo is found in the Nor-
Sweet Pepper peck.......... ........ .25 to .40 European army TilE
split home, but complaint' to this COIIIOH Grapes. s-lb basket. .. ..... ....... .35 wegian, 69 inches; the least in the
from only a few localities. .. Io.lb" .... .... ...... .'5
Scupnemong, bu. ... .... .7.5 lo 1.00' Italian, 65.WELL. Florida Central and
Western District-The drought in thin Guavas, 3-peck box .... ... ........... .75
..... .. .... .... ... .
district was effectually broken by \heavy: Okra, peck ... .15 to .25 -- -- ------ ---
.. .... .....
rains which l began on the 7th and continued Green Cowpeas Beans, shelled.... .peck... ..... ........ 2.00.50 M A C H'Y All .,ttd.. w.,,,,**on Peninsular
two or threo days: and were followed E L L M'It/ltg.Dltd/.g.h..,.oWilHl ,
a.ddt awr HHUltg aoil.re .... Will
by light; showers and cloudy POULTRY AND EGGS. N' rw (.e.a1 2S..fa E.crchp.dte.f VIA

weather. Reports of heavy downpour&( Hen...... .. ........................ .35 r560f0 M>j0.. The American Well Works.Aurora.IIU
of rain came thin week from sections ro- Rooster............. ... ............ .30 also, Chicago, 111.; D.1I1rCl..; Sydney N. S. W. biKE CITY MHCDN
contly complaining of dry weather. It roilers..f. .... .20 ,
Turkey, perpound ................. l6to6c
Cotton was slightly injured ]places by Duck. ..................... ........... .35to .50 WM. B. 8CHRAEDER, INNIThINTI
heavy rains and high wind, but nearly Geese..... ............ ............... .50 ,
all other crops were benefited. The corn I lg..fiC8rC'C. ......................... .22 TO -
crop hates nearly all l>een gathered and IIA Y. ORAIN, ETC ---- UBKKDBR OP

potato digging has begun in some sections. "' White corn, small lots.......................1 1.30 Nashville St. Louis and Chicago
The temperature was slightly, I Mixed corn, .. ............... ..... 1.25 With but ono change of sleepers. connect
.. ...... ...... ... .. ..
below normal anti there was but little White oats, .e* 1.85 alto at Atlanta for NKW VOHK anti KANSAS
the week. Kiciler Sllierl' oats. ...... ......... ........ 1.75 GRADE JERSEYS. CITY. Tho Florida Central and Peninsular
sunshine during )pears Clay No. i, Timothy, mall lot..... ......... 20.00 has nearly 7U miles of track running throughtho
(late crop) are being gathered, some have Wheat bran small lots.......... ...... ..... 19.00
Keen shipped to Cula. Highest U-mpera- Ground feed, fresh (corn and oat*), per sack Tobacco /frmon,
turu/Jl; lowot.,80] ; moan, 70; average; ..,in- of too pound..... .... .... .... ............ 1.40 Stock "'"rm'"u"n.l Dairy, lIu" .,.,
Feed' meal in sack of 100 pounds, ton.
per 23.00 I'raen and tftratrbrrrjLantlt,
fall, 5.25 inches. Rice flour, per cwt.... ...... .... ....." ..... 90 Bulb, Cows and Heifers for sale.WAVEULY Orn"I", Ilanaaa and l'inr(t>le Country,
Northern Districtr....The temperature .'urewhral, per sack of 1001|grounds......... 1.40 Phosphatetilt..
Prepared' steam cooked cow feed per cwt, Hat lh* Hllvrr Hjtriny and
for the week averagtnl nearly :ii degrees 150-pound sack. .... ...... ..... .. .. ..-... 1.30 FARM: Leon County, near (Other JI1" .''I"f"Mnf/
daily below normal. Rain was general Prepared steam cooked horse feed, per cwt, The (treat .
the 7th and 8th and in amount l50-pounIuck... ..... .. ... ...... 1.50 Hunting_ the jfotftl Country.ltntchr Pithing round,*.
on heavy ; I'carl grit, per barrel....... ..... ... ....... 3.10
light showers have occurred daily nnco i'eartnteal per barrel..... .. .. ........ ..... 3.10 Tallaham.'e, Fla, Has the best lands for UlhtRo, greatest variety
tho 8th. Hut very little i Minshino was Hlour best winter wheatl-.aleDt. .......... 4.25 of SOILS in the State and above all
given during the week. Tho conditions Fl >ur. extra fancy family .... ...... .. .... 4.00 Runs over the Central Rldgoland
(Half barrel,either brand Jc per barrel Where It Is High and Healthy.
generally were Itencllcial to all except SPRAY
cotton which wan damaged, to some Cotton seed' meal, bright, per ton...... .. .. zS.co tho Prosperous l best freight towns facilities fill Its for route any and produce It offers to

extent by long. continued rain and lack of Dark ton or.. .Sea. Island. .. ..cotton.. .. .seed. None meat in per market ''T tho Northern market Send for the popular
sunshine. .;air'lonthl.r is now neededfor 'Pure ground tone fine per ton ..... ., 30.00 PUMPSMADEBY eonar-
planting fall crops and to enable! growers Bone and potash,per ton '........... 33.00 "MY FLORIDA HOME."
set out their strawberry fields. German: kainit, per ton .. .... ...... ...... .17.00 ('WiD THE DEWING CO SAlEM O. with IU spirited words and beautiful rousio
to l.andpt..tet .. ..... .. .. .. ... .. .. .. .... . 10.00 descriptive of an actual Florida Home and
Highest,,; temperature 81)); lowest, (fiH); Nitrate Soda 3yic per pound; per ton.... 55.00 HENION AHUBBELL. which is gotten uponolegantatylo-Six paves
mean, 78; average rainfall 2.W inches. Muriate potash, 2>' c per loutria 1; per I ton. 50,00 Wtittrn ActaU, OIZOAQO.. of full sized best muslo paper,containing also
luud.l-er ton.. .. Writ for catalogue and Tsauaus on HraATUi. of home In Florida and .
Sulphate potash 2C J per ; 3.\00 a picture a a hunting
Central District-The rainfall: for the Sulphate potash 90 per cent..... ...-.... 55.00 -- -- scene. It Is mailed on receipt of 10 cent ((10
week was above the average and it was sumps, to pay expense of distribution.)
much better distributed than tho rains SEEDS, ETC. AdvicetotheAC.a. Send also for the beat map of Florida(sent
.. free) and note the towns on Its route.
of kifrt week. Temperature nearly Pea, Conch... .... ...... .... ....... .. 3.75 Air.bowels Infirmities,such s slu.. A.U. )IAODONBLL.O.P A.
normal; mmhhine. less than the average.O .. Split.... .. ..... ...._....... ..........2.705 Stab weak kidneys aid .Mlsd[ Jacksonville, yia.
continue and Beans..... .. .... .... ...............,......... 3.25 torpid liver.Tutt's. -
lw promising, are generally .. Lima...... .... ...................... 2&J
letter than the average (iardens Pearl Cat Tail millet, tier pound......... .. .. aoc The Florida Central &
are well started( and tomato planting' has German or Golden millet per bushel... ... 2.00
of tho Hungarian grass. per butUt'2.. Pills i
commenced in w>mo southern
Alfalfa or Lucerne ..... .... voc Peninsular R. R. Co.
counties lemons are being gathered; Johnson ...,.... 15C
oranges doing well except in some groves Gold seed rice (upland), per bushel: ......... 3.00 Offers to Shipper's
account of recent Genuine red' rust proooall .-. .. .... Sac
they are ppliting on White seed rice I. ..... .... 2.25 have a specific effect on these.rs.n.t The Shortest and Quickest Route
rnh Tho rains have been beneficial
}@ very timulatlugr tho bowels, stvlntC*******
for stock interests as bonds have --- -" al dlsetiarff without straining) ovBT BETWEEN
Students, teachers (male or female), andIMPARTING
filled and lakes have l begun to rLoc. High- ipluc*
and others In need of
rature !14* lowest Of 79) clergymen changeof
f'1lt t** ipt' ; ; mean, ; VIGOR
rainfall, _.50. employment, should not fail to write THE EAST AND WEST.
average to H. 1 F. :Johnson ,fc Co., Kichrnond. to the kidneys, bladder and live. With Improved Ventilated Can, this com
Southern District-The temperature Their great success shows that they have They are adapted to old or young pany Is better equipped than ever ever to
averaged' about nonnal :and but little sunshine SOLD EVEItYWILUtE.S handle the Orange and Vegetable Crops and
Tho rainfall got the true ideas about making money. ... insure close connections and prompt despatch.
was given. was light -- --
They can show you how to employ otfd to all Eastern and Western Market
as compared with what occurred l in otherhcctkms
but it excessive in hours !profitably. Through oars to destination with
was some .
S gave Your Oranges
counties R1llIltcllt"flcinllttil'iatl out change or delay.
gelds According to an exchange, dry
and orange groves. Pineapple }( look Perishable freight followed by wire and

well and the general outlook is encouraging powdered salt will keep moths out ofa fly the new process (patented) for preserving shippers advised arrival time at passing destination.various Juno

to thoeo interested in growing carpet. The salt should be sprinkled oranges in their natural condition for months tlon All points claims and overcharges and lost I promptIj -
This be done st small
fruit In a few portions where tho rains the caD very cost; we hare adJ usted.
freely over carpet, particularly oranges now In perfect condition put up in No-
wing heavy there is' complaint of oranges along the edges, then swept thor umber, '81; refer to Officials,Pasco Co. for qa rited See that your goods are markedvia
HO) ulars sale of rif Ms. Address U. B. WarBa
fplitting. Highest temperature, ; F. C. & P. R. R.
oughly. This should be done about Kt Co.. St. Leo, "..."0. Fla.,or Dade City Pasco
lowest, 72; 1Ilt'C\n. 80; average rainfall, Co., Fla. For Information call on or address the uivdeniroeds
1.74 inches. once a month in moth time, and there .... -

K. It. I)mi A IK, Director. will be no trouble from the destructive C. B. TAYLOR, Trav.A'gt. OcaU, Via.
POWL1NQ GREEN ACADEMY W. n. TUCKER lea. A'f't. Orlando Fla.O. .
sekseeviBe FU.. Sept. sa, 16M. insect. M. HOLDKN,Trav. A gtt. J.eeaburWt Pla.
Iv'. It. FUI I.En. Tray. A .t.Tampa. ITm.
V ::
Il wll Grm ->OMBS f Bt4.7th.
Enduring; labels are made by writ- I ,carstal trsinlnc. B.iaeJli|klUi rwwnl, OrN.S. PENNINGTON,Trame Manager
The crisis is .fr..dom from htiac. 1 Jacksonville Via.
passed. with soft lead soft sta< nU uniformly IIQOo
a pencil on
ing p e.tniI. roe eatJ rM,s4lr4a Han,)LA.C.fIit"" W. H. rLBASANT8QtD traJ ..rntht'1l1dot ;:


h "


Origin of Grain and Fruits. them their perfect development. The The French grow some kinds 0 f "CENT-A-WORD" COLUMN.

The grains and fruits used :as food I potato, however, is an invaluable boon fruit trees on espaliers, trained flat and J -- ".

by man originated in different latitudes conferred by the New World on the fan shaped against a wall; and by cutting To insure insertion In this column, advertisements
must be accompanied by the money.
and first existed in a wild state, Old. It has been generally supposed I away a great part of the growth Advertisements must not exceed fifty words
the that it was first introduced into Eng, and selected fruit Postage Stamps received in payment. .
some being indigenous to tropic leaving only spur Count every word,including name and address.
and some to the temperate zone. As land and Ireland by Hawkins and l they produce a limited number of -___-- .--- L

they became improved and differentiated Raleigh in the seventeenth century specimens of great excellence, for A TIIiRTY bearings-INCLI pneumatic BICYCLK tires. Price for sale.forty-five nail

they were distributed in differ but, according to Humboldt, it had which their millionaires and noblemen dollars. Also kotnt new ones as fine as any on
the market for dollars. W. TILOU-
eighty-five O.
ent countries according to their utility been cultivated all over South and i ia in I pay 50 or 60 cents for single MAN, Falatka.. Fla.. .. 9-t63t.

and the spread of agriculture. It considerable part of North America, apples or pears.EPILEPSY. BKRKSHIRU- -- -PIGS. -A- -few for sale first-class

was but natural that the first gradual ages before the discovery of the registration. T.A.VINCENT,

changes from a wild to a cultivatedstate Western continent by Columbus. It Rivenriew, .Fla._ __ 2t
was found in Chili and Peru and the OR FITS FOR 5ALU-100 acres in lots of 5 or 10 acres.
should have taken place in gen in section 9 in the famous township
oral! in warm countries, where the seeds sent to Spain and Italy by the M South of range 41 cut, Biscayne Hay; is the
Can this disease be
cored Hoit pbyildanaNo Rae best of pine land suitable lor gardening or trop
climate and the advanced state of monks, as some writers assert, nearlya -/aay,Yes; all form and the worst caeca. After ical fruits. Price Its and $jo per acre. C. 1'.
civilization conspired to effect their hundred years before Hawkins and SO year It:1d1lUld experiment I have found the DAVIS., Cocoa u ut Grove, Fla. 99FOR ->t
amelioration. For instance, the Raleigh crossed the Atlantic. The remedy.-Epilepsy U cured by it; cvr,f, not subdued AM-- --\- --turkeys- ---thoroughly- domes.
by opiate*-the- old,tfeacheroa
quack trt-at-
indigenous to America and had existed tomato is also of South American origin ment. Do not despair.! Forget putimposltionson J. KVAN, Picolata. 9-9-61 .
--- --- --- -- -
here in a wild state long ages and though it plays a much less your pone,put outragta on your confidence, part WANTKD-Real Hstate. Improved' Florida
failures. Look forward,not backward. Jly remedy acres; give locutions, full description
before the continent was discoveredby important part in alimentation, it is an ta of to-day. Valuable work on the subject, and and price. A. M. SCOTT, 49 Walnut st,

Columbus, but it was first put to article of food that Americans would largo bottle of the remedy<< -eent free for trLaLMention Champaign- -,-Illinois.-- -- 991T .
not willingly with. As the Poet-Office and Express addre*a.
practical use in Egypt and Central part TRII101.IATA-Thri y Seedling by
Prof.W.IL PEEKF.,F. 1),4 Cedar St., New York ** mail, for for
fruits in common use though Americahas 3 30 cents; 10 75 cents;by! freght,
Asia which localities its is ,
to origin ---
per too$5? packed to carry MCc-llongdlltance..
sometimes attributed, and whence it done much to improve them, thereis h-. .,.# ... :,\, 1);Jer"IL.IRltatllac u44 nftwr WtlM.C cues. Address 1*. W.,.KERVAN.. _._, Norwalk, Fla. 9.241 ...
.tcr.d. ------
was in reality distributed throughoutthe not one of them of which it can NUS.lUlatria' .I"Ctute...", TIa""I\.*f. yru heal tad QII1LL POND NURSKRY.-.Satsuma Orange
Western world. A similar remark reasonably claim to be the place of I "'.p. I'M* r.. "7. Noilai.ace Trees the hardiest in the world,on five year-
..... Del" (a&ope. old trifollata stocks; will bear in one or two
may be made of rye, one of the most origin.-San Francisco Chronicle. Ili,W. MITll, viU..Vke.te.O.Y.aeaEVAPORATOR year JAS. I*. DBPA&, Lake City, Florida.
valued cereals, which is a native of *. -
Tho Loss Trunk tho Bottor. CD LIMONA TRIFOLIATA.-Thrifty Seedling,
temperate zone, spread U T 3 for joe.; 10 for 7c.; too for $3..2S.
thence toward the South. It is supposed There is ground for difference of I II I THE ZIMMERMAN, By freight, f. o. b., |j.oo per too. I.. W. XKR-.
The NiaiidardM rhlue VAN, Norwalk Fla._ :_ __ ._ ___ __ 94tWANTKD _
to have been unknown in 1 ndia, opinion as to the relative value of Difftrtat iliM aid lieu. Illaitrtt catalogs frt...
TilE ULVJrtVItI1 UU. WOKKaCO..CUeUaaUa TO I1UY.-Five Hundred to 1,000
Egypt and ancient Palestine, and high and low heads for orchard trees. Oranges on the tree. Must be 85 percent
though it was more or less used So far bright prefer St. Johns River fruit. Must
by as convenience goes, I am of be cheap. Will move Iruit by November 1st.
the ancient Greeks and Romans, it those who prefer high-topped trees. Address CASH, care Farmer and Pruit Grower.

was from the North of Europe that The greater labor in gathering fruit 9-2-41 -

they received it., from such trees is slight in comparisonwith _. ..,,- growing FLORIDA: hence we SKKD can guarantee KYH.-Our seed own aa

all the in the 4.--. genuine Florida Rye. We will handle no other
Nearly the grains now in use are disadvantage having .-_.- .. .__ need rye Sample sent on application. Supply
of unknown antiquity. Wheat was limbs in the way of cultivation. Thereis d.. td 1i limited. Price f. o. b.. I peck 1 1.00; t bushel or

cultivated in all latitudes as far back much to be said on both sides of the Ratio 16 to 1 About f igt. diets more KXCEL&IOR fj.oo per bushel.SEED FARM Cash, with Keuka order., Flonda.Ad-

as we have authenticknowledge. question. The subject, however, is Q-l-tf

Barley is thought to have one which is not to be settled on the When comparing other fences with the Page. ()-.A tenant to grow Strawberries on
We have no desire! to see the others abolished shares. Address "Strawberries," care or
originated in the Caucasus, but it was same basis in all localities. An important some people prefer a weaker and so called FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER, uwteyll1a.
fact be considered cheaper article and we could not supply the de
known and used everywhere in the to especially
nand if the all
Page was suddenly adopted by
at the North is that with classes 16 to also the number of ORANGE GROWERS : 1 am agent for the
most ancient times. Oats, like rye, trees i represents Sixer trade: and a Fertilixer
was unknown in ancient India and low heads are more hardy than crosswlres per rod. Distributor that will pay for itself in one season.
PAGE WOVEN WIRE FENCE CO., Adrian write for prices, etc. C. A. BooNE, Orlando, Fla.
Egypt and among the Hebrews. The those of the same variety having Mich. 8.Jf.16t

Greeks and Romans received it from high heads. It is known to most ----- 00 00 can be made
$75 to $250
.. ..
the North of Europe. Had there fruit growers that trees which are atONT1LLYworking
FOR SALE. for 0. F. JOHNSON & Co., Richmond, Va.FOR .
been an early civilization on this con- winter-killed often have the body dead --- --

? tinent the wild oats found here and while the roots and limbs are yet in BALI-Noonan.. Discount on and large Cloud orders.Strawberry Send Inearly.

there would probably have developedinto good condition. The trunk, by reason R. IL. SMITH, Lawtey, Fla. 8-12-61

the useful cereal now considered of its distance from the growingroots FOR SALH-Double Carriage and- Double-Set--

absolutely essential to the proper and limbs, and on account of One four-year-old.dark red! half Jersey and Mounted Harness. W. H. Powsaa,
Fla S-u
Lawtey tfFOR
nourishment of horses. This conti the large amount of old wood whichit half Durham ---- --

nent is credited with having given In. contains has less vitality than any DULL. SALH-Abbaka Slips for and Golden Queen
now ready delivery. P. N. PRICK,
dian corn to the Old World, but this other part of the tree, and when Olando, Fla. Box:449. 8-12-t

useful cereal was doubtless known in standing in the open ground it is likelyto Dam, four-gallon full-blood Durham ; sire, OTRAWBKRRY I.ANTS-Cloud' Seedling,

India and China many hundred years be the first to suffer from cold, providing kJ Noonan Improved and .Michel' KarTy.Ready .
thoroughbred pedigreed Jersey. fy>
before the discovery of America. Cotton the new growth is well ripened.It circular for if delivery you want after to buy.August B. H.ijtb.Aware Send Law.for

was used for making garments in is therefore plain that where there: Just dropped, a icy-i-+la. ... -4-a

India at a date so remote that it cannot is danger from cold the less stem SUMMIT NURSKRIBS, D. I.. rierson, Monti-.
BULL CALF Via Large stock of fine tree low
even be guessed at. The fact is tree has the buter.-Country Gentle prices. Special term for early order ;Drop

mentioned by Aristotle. The first man.- postal for new list. 8-s-tot
From a four-gallon half Durham, half polled
seeds were brought to this country} in .. 300 000 FIRST-CLASS Improved Neu
1621. In 1666 the culture is AIr.:\ Wmklcman of Palm Angus cow by a thoroughbred pedigreed "Stoke nan I Strawberry Plant for
mentioned sale $t.2S a thousand f. o. b. N. S. THOMAS,
in the records of South Caro Springs, has effectually demonstratedthat Pogis Jersey bull. fy f. o.b. first next Jan Lawtey, Fla. 8-4-<<." ..

lina. In 1736 the culture was general three crops can be grown in a uary. LOUISIANA GRAS8-(ptwjmlum' p'otl/tlUrc' / (,

along the eastern coast of Maryland on the same ground. He rented pasture grass for Florida.
year Cuttings '1.25. barrel, f. o. b. V.'.)!. POWERS,
and in 1776 we heard of it as far 134 acres of muck land for cabbages Bred for both b<
north as Cape May. The use 01! flax at $50.00.'hen these came either Florida Heifers or Razorbacks, or sell to a proves
for is off he and fruit and timber lands. I*. RUMLXY, Keuka,
making clothing nearly as an- planted corn gathered over
responsible man on time, or ten per cent. oft for Fla. 3-tt-t6t
cient as that of cotton, and perhapsmore sixty bushels. Then he cut the crab-

so, {plants of soft and flexible grass which came up after the corn cash. 1,UUUUUU,finn and Extra Cloud Fine Strawberry Improved Neunan Plant

fibre having been without doubt was laid by and will have a ton or for sale '1.25 per 1,000 f. o. b. Good packing
CIIAS. W. CAMPBELL, Sa., guaranteed PCDDY& FUNK,Lawtev, .1&.
among the first vegetable productionsof more of good hay. 78t

the ancient world and their practical Campobello Plantation, Ocata, Marion Co.CATLUV' FOR BALI CHKAP-2.000 oone'.Early Bndded A
value discovered soon after the in. During the tourist season the Plant Aunntlum*: 2.000 Ruby Blood;2.000: Foster'Early;
& YULLOW GUAVA. Haidy. the :2 ooo Pomelo and all theleading varie
vention of weaving.: Investment Company will run the i very prolific; fine fruit. Now lathe ties. Call on or address G. L. )MICHAEL. Glen

It could not be expected, for the steamship Tarpon regularly between GODBBY time,to Waldo.plant.Fla.strong pbntl'I-2S., 9-t6.2t T. K. lUhel. Fla., Star Hill Nursery.---- 722-61: ...

reasons alleged,. that America, inhabited Key West and Miami. Thus, with FOR SALK-Parson Brown Orange, Carney
tIORIDA'Sadvantagea for small investments, mon and other Citrus Fruit Tree; all on
until a recent date by savage the short stage line from Lake Worthto r see "Real Estate Journal" Arcadia, Fla.f sour stock trained to stake. J. II.

tribes only, should furnish to' the Miami the connection between 1.00 per year: sample, with state map.4.23 to-i2 cents>nANIMAL Lake Weir-, Fla, Kxceltior- Nurseries. TCaxlasyl

world products that require thousands Jacksonville and Key West on the FANCY HGKON&-Bought,sold and exchanged.
MKAL makes b a.lay. Write to F.. for what want. for
you Stamp reply.
of years of care and culture to give east coast will be.complete. Ormond, Fla-, (information.. LLOYD GRANT., Lady Lake Fla. 7.35rtTIiRf



--- ----- ------------------



The South, is dependent solely upon its Farming and

Manufacturing interests for prosperity. Now, don't you,

a Southern planter, consider it your duty to patronize

Southern Manufacturers, everything being equal ?

The manufacturers of ATLANTA PLOWS guaranteeto

MAKE everything equal.






A1:1an.1a: Blaclt Lan.d "




'. **v.1
;t u1
j ji i






Steamship Co.

53 to 55 hours between Savannah, New York and Philadelphia and -- --- -

between Boston and Savannah, 65 to 70 hours. NEW YORK, CHMRLESTOH i JSND FLORID LINES.I

OCEAN STEAMSHIP COMPANY, r,. 1 "4It"\,,-.',-.....0" .'. .. .





The magnificent Steamships of this Line are appointed -

r both to sail as follows, calling at Charleston, S. U.,
ways :

Prom New York.
(Pier V), K. R.) STKAMKR From Jacksonville,
-+r Tuesday Aug 29that 3 pm ........"AT.C.ONQUIN".Sunday Florid
Prig y. Sept lit, at 3 pm ......... Slaf lir'ULE". ... ... Sept jd, at IO.3Oam
Tuesday, Sept 5th. at 3 pin ....... ..."CHKKOKKF.{ ........ Thursday, Sept 7th, at lyopm
Friday, Sept 8that 3 pm ......."ALGONQUIN,".... .... Thuts Sunday Sept loth, at 4: oam
Tuesday, Sept lath, at 3 pm ...... ..."8KMINOLK". ....... Friday, Sept ijth, at 3 pm....... "CIIKKOKUK"{ { .... ... Sunday Sept 17th.atlO: oa m
Tueway, Sept 19th,at 3 pm ... .. .."ALGONQUIN"..... .. ..Thursday Sept aist.atuyopm
Friday, 32d, .... .... Sunday Sept 2"th.at t-joarn
Sept at 3 p nt "SF.M1NOLK"{ ........ Septa3lhat
I uaasu&e3: Rut: A I Tuesday Sept 26th, at 3 p nt .. .. .. .."CHKROKKH" .. Thursday, 6oot nl
Friday. Sept 29th at ...... Sunday, Oct tat, at 9: oam
Between 3 p Ul "ALGONQUIN.".... ....
Jacksonville: and New York: Hint-claw, $25.60 Intermediate Thursday Oct gth, at ijjopro:
Steerage $12.50.; $19.00; Kxcurslon: 43.50; _. -- -- .

Jacksonville: The magnificent and Boston : Cabin $17.00; Intermediate $ai.oo:;Kxcursion $47.301; Steerage, >114.'3
Steamships of this
Company are appointed sail as follows: ST. JOHNS RIVER LINE.For .

Enterprise and Intermediate Points
[Central! or 90 Meridian Time.] on

City of lllnnlngham. .............................. ..... ........... the St. Johns River.
TallahaMpe.......... ................................... ...... .... Friday Sept. rat, 9.00 a tn ---
Nacoorhefi... ... .................................... ...u.............. Sunday, Sept. 3d 11.00 a.m Steamer is appointed to sail as follows: -
City of August... ............................................... .Tuesday. Friday, Sept. 8th 5th 1.30 p.m J ..
City of Illrutlngliam.. ........................ ................... Sept. 4.00 p.m 'p'el. l.cle, .
Kansas City... ................. ........... ........................Tuesday.Sunday.Sept.ICitb., 12th So3O-.m Capt. W. A. SHAW. <
Naroorhr .. ..................................... ................... ...Friday,Sept. ,, 7.ooJ.m From Jacksonville *IAY' and "
City of Augusta .. ........ .................... .. ... .... .. Sunday, Sept. I5th, 9.ooa.m and Mondays at 5.00 a.m., and Saturdays at 5.00 p.m.; returning,!leave Sanford Thursdays
Sept. ijth Enterprise at
City.of. Itlrmliigltani................................................Tuesday, Sept. 19th. 10.30 m 5.30
Kan .. General
.... .. 12.30 p.m
a City .. ...... Passenger and Ticket Office 88
.... ........... ..............I..Friday.................................. Sept. aid, 3.oop.m M. II. CI.YDi:, Assistant Traffic Bay St., Jacksonville
City of Augusta .. ,................................ .......,.........Tuesday Sunday, Sept. 26th 24th, 4.00 a.inNacoorllre. T111':al. T. IX1KIC: Traffic Manager.. Bowling 5 Bowling Green, New York.
City of IllriuliiKliaiii.. ................... .. ..... ......... ..........Tuesday,Sept.Sept 29th( S.Ja.00 p.m a.m .\. .[, COM-:, Passenger} Agent Manager 5 Bowling Green,Green New York.New York.
.. F. 31. IICONMOMIKK.: Ir.. Florida
FROM JOHN I.. IIU"\ Passenger Agent 88 West Bay St., Jacksonville Fla.
SAVANNAH TO BOSTON. ItU. Florida Freight Agent foot Laura Street .
Jacksonvi: .
J. A. LKSLIK, a Fla.
Cltr of Maron .......... .... ..... .... ... ... ....... .. .... Superintendent foot Laura Street, Jacksonville: Pta
UafaClty.................. ....... .... ... . .. ... ...Thursday, Sept 7th, 3.oop.m WM. P. CLYDE & CO. Gen'l
City of Maron ............ ......... .. ........ .... .. ...,.,. ...Thurklay.St'ptI4th.8.ooa.. m Agents,
(iafaClty.... ........................ .. .... ............ ............ Thursday Thursday, Sept Sept 2tst 28th.7.ooa.m, 2.00 p.m _14 .Mouth." Ilrtawar.. .tvrnur.l'hlladrlphtu.. ft Ittmlln. ?- (irrrn. New York.


(This Ship doe NOT' Carry Passengers) H. T. BAYA. THOS. W. CONRAD Vice.President.,

Il...souc; ............................... ............. .............. ( Cashier. Assistant Ca.h.or..
I>*s.oug ..-.......................................... ...... ...... Monday, Sept 4th 12.00 n'n CAPITA 100000.
Dessoug ............................ .. Thursday Sept 14th, 8.00a.m
.. .. ........... ......... .. ... .Sunday, Sept 24th 4.000.111 '

Connecting with the Savannah, Florida and Western JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA, ,
Railway (WaycroM Short Line), offer to the
Traveling Public and Shippers advantages equalled by no other line. Respectfully solicits your Deposits, Collections and
Through Ticket and Bills of Lading issued to principal points North. Hast and Northwest via General
Savannah, For information and rooms apply to Bonking Business.CORRESPONDENCE .
Agent. W. II. LUCAS Fla. Pass Agent -
71 West Bay Street, Jacksonville.
R. L. WALKKR. 71 Bay Street Jacksonville:
New Pier No. 35, North River New York. ANDERSON A&'enth -- .
&: City );:change Building, Ga.
RICHARDSON BARNARD. Agents, Lewis' Wharf, Boston. I3Iht1CC'i'ORNt
W. L. JAMES Agent ij S.Third Street, Philadelphia. John L. Marvin, A. B. Campbell, Chas. Marvin,
I. D. fASiIACEN Kaatern Agent Sar., Fla. & Western Ry. Co.. 261 Broadway. N. Y. Jas. P. Tallaferro, T. W. Roby, Judge
A. DeW. SAMPSON. General Archibald,
Agent W. K.
ARNOLD. Gen. Tray
Pass. Art., jacknonrille. .
P1 a W. B. Clarkson
306 Washington *U, Boston. W. II. RIIKTT General[ Agent, C. B. Rogers, W. M. Davidson,
Pot TkketJ apply to 8.. P. A W. Railway office. 317 Broadway New York. Dr. H. Robinson. John E. HartrldBO.

W. A. DOUKS. iSTAUMSIIii.+ ; 1H75. J. D. DOUKS.
---- -
The Hammock Plow.


Grain Garden Seeds and Fertilizers

LL: ,v IChi'r DAY M.r.. JACJCMONVII"4LI1:. It LA. ,

t We Handle Only the Best and.MostlRoliablo: Seeds. A Complo Stock of

Hay, Corn, Oats, Flour Bran, Wheat, Grits, Meal,

Cotton Seed Meal, Both Bright and Dark.


1 gert-A11en Fertilizer Go. NITRATE SODA,

Manufactured expressly for use in Florida. No II: plow hau'ever: been made that Star Brand Fertilizers, MURIATE OF POT ASl1i;

will surpass this in turning the heavy, clammy lands of the hammocks or Hat- GUAKANTUKDIANAI.YSIS.
woods of Florida South Georgia and :South Alabama. It has amplo throat high SULPHATE POTASH,

land ride and there is no danger of Ita choking in foul lands. The best &grade of Orange Tree and Vegetable
Iron center steel employed and all wearing parts are thoroughly hartlef ed. KAINIT, Etc.
Weighs 66 pounds steel beam, cut 0} inches, with one extra point. Price $10. O. FERTILIZER.
Given( paper These Fertilizer hart no superior in the market and a trial will convince.
a with the one year for |8.30 or as a premium for live new subscribers. Send for Catalogue free. .




QQQecQt4eoooOuQOQ 1O
gOQQOQQOQQOOOQQooooooooqo T M F x.L.GOODSxl t, 8

*** .
1006 Second St.,
Qoeaoaeoeo a b eo or oeeoooo oc' ooo


Will load at Fernamlina' about November 1, to bo followed by It is my intention to build a largo pack ing-house in Jacksonville -
a second about November 15, provided sufficient support is pledged and I desire to obtain the opinion of growers of Florida oranges
warrant the chartering of two fast steamers now in view. I particularly as to the advisability of doing this, and what support I can count
desiro all fruit growers to write me whether or not they will upon in the event I do this. I shall bo prepared .receive tho fruit
support tho project to further direct shipments to England, as it is in bulk or in field boxes and {pack it up in the.best and most careful
necessary: to have these promises in order to go ahead and definitely manner for the account of the growers.
arrange for tho steamers. I request correspondence on tho above two points, as the time is
It is my intention this season to charter better steamers and improve very short for tho necessary details for carrying out this project, most
on the details of the loading of the vessel, and also to have the vital to tho Florida growers in view of tho probable orange crop that
proceeds of the sales in the hands of Clio shippers of lots of 100 boxes will have to bo marketed this coming season.

and over not later than three days after the fruit has been sold in men.WAXTKlt..-An ayi-nt at rrrry .Mj' ';"l ijmlnt' 'It /-'/ rl.ltI. Llhrrat trrint to arllr*

England. Ad.. ,. "
I shall be prepared to make a small advanco and to pack fruit

in Jacksonville should the growers desiro me to do so. Further details E 3LV. GOO D S ELL'
regarding the project; will bo cheerfully furnished upon written .
application. 103 Park Place, New York.

O Dock Street C:> : 0 IS Philpot lane,

bfl440A4flt OOMMO O l00 Ofl0a848dflOd 40fltN3d04fft 00


Standard Guano ill Chemical l Manufacliirins' Co., USE ONLY Manufactured FERTILIZER by the

1'V' .). J4 Union St., Nciv Orleans[ L -* MANUFACTURERS OK fc-; L. B. Darling Fertilizer Co.

High Grade Animal Bone Fertilizers. + 1%: ,


$!1' .?. Raw and Dissolved Animal Bone.
OSCARH. NOLAN, State Agent.Jacksonville .
Fla. 0. B. WEEKS, State Agent, Jacksonville, Fla.
I No 8 itwlck Hlock. Corner hay und.Sfaln Street
Send to Hauling: & Wylie, Intorluchon, Fla., for their new catalogue of end for Pocket Memormnda Hook.

The Interlachen Nurseries and Rose Gardens, 71 FTEK: 8 Yearn exnerienco -
in Honda with
Containing a clasgiiled list of cJ J. nearly all varieties of

Choice Citrn Fruits. Pears, Peaches, Plums, drapes, etc., fowln we have settled 1 downon
the following as the beet
Togvther with the choice selection of baited to this climate: K \
-7: BUDDED i i ROSES iE- Jfroirn and H". Lfjjliornn,
; ltarrr unit II' I*. Jtin-lit,
of II. G. Hastings &<< Co., the (lohlen II''''ttota.,,,. _
To 1x3 found in the State. We have luircluuHjd\ ; lull iatnr,
stock of Budded Hoses adaptedto A'llrrr i1pan irfl llnmbtiiyt, _
Interlachen Hone iianlentp, and largely: added to the llliifh Lnnynhtiit, i + .
Florida-Grevilloas,, Camphor and other trees-and connected tho same with ImjtfHat 1'ekln Jtrantf lnrk Tttrkry, '
mr general NurwmeH. For full description and for catalogue, addrena !

I-I(1.til.1I.N: : Inturlcsutxwi& ,:"Vylie. ,V'Ict. FOWLS FOISALE. $- J



$2S.00Maiatt ; Trap.: AND BROODERS.-

Co.t a the:linker tw'Ice that to ..rod.,.... Think bard before you
waste rooofy on a deep Inferior Organ. All the world kouws abuuttCeW ANIMAL MEAL MAKES
OHO\l-nrST lU.DR aDd HENS LAY; YOUNG 'r'r"n { :
"a How Low Priced Styles Just Out, ._ t.";+ -
!I ro TINn nrr LITTLK Mon r.THAN CHEAP ono",""' Illustrated l catalogue free
but of twlr the> raise and darmbtllly. (CVitalocnr Free to
For He.t IMauo or OrpDI at JAW.A' t'o.u Write to airy address. w1

Ormond, Fla.


-- ..-. ........