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UFPKY NEH LSTA SLAF



Florida farmer & fruit grower
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055765/00279
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: S. Powers
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: April 29, 1893
Frequency: weekly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note: Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038466
oclc - 01387403
notis - AKM6256
lccn - sn 95026761
System ID: UF00055765:00279
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen

Full Text
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4DA DISPATCH




1869 o '


RU' A 0

FARMERS 1 ALLIANCE {

et

RHLR& SE a= TROPICALMAGAZIN.E ."


cci 3 LI DAT ED JANUARY 1889.

f?
..r _

82.oo a Year. JACKSONVILLE. FLA.. APRIL 29, 1893. Whole No. 1200( NKW. V.SKKIF.SVol. No. 17.




I SOUTH. SIDE M'F'G CO.- 11)WHOLESALE( ) BARNETT BROS)


FRUITS -DEALEKS IN- --

Petersburg, Va., CHICAGO

FLORIDA DRANGE5.Wo .
Manufacturers of Virginia Ventilated Fruit Carriers for Tomatoes

Strawberries, Peaches and Other Truck. respectfully| solicit shipments of Fine Fruit, and assure our 1 patrons promptand
efficient service. Wo ask all interested to write for information and forward

shipments.We .
ALL DELIVERED MADE: UP READY FOR USE. refer, by permission, to A. 31. Ives Esq., Jacksonville, Fla.; National Shoo
and Leather Bank, New York; Qommerciai Loan Co., Chicago; the Volusia County
Send for Illimtrntcil U""c'rllth" Catalogue: and prlres. Bank of DeLaml, Fla.

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w. A. HOURS. iSTAHMSIIii: : 1H7A.: J. D. BOURS.


TREES AND PLANTS WILLIAM A. BOURS & CO.,


Grain Garden Seeds and Fertilizers
K_| "( adapted to Florida and cub-tropical section. Largest stock and Greatest Variety
in the South. Two hundred and fifty acres in Fruit Nursery; erne acre under glass. Fruit, Ornamental ,
and Nut Trees Grapevines, Palms, Roses Shrubs,etc. .Everything for the orchard and :: ,"vEs.r u., :y 1"".& 'r.e JACJ garden. Catalogues free.
Address 1'. J. BKRCKMANS. Fruitland Nursery,Augusta,Ga.
N. D.-We offer fine lot of Camphor Tree and It*.l Catley (liana,all pot grown.lot9 We Handle Only the Best and Most Reliable Seeds. A Comple Stock of
'bmo.

.. -A .. -_ Corn Oats Flour Bran Wheat Grits Meal
Hay, ,

FLORIDA FRUIT EXCHANGE. Cotton Seed Meal, Both Bright and Dark.


STATK AGENTS FOR PURE GROUND BONE

An Incorporated Homo Association of Orange, Growers for marketing Florida Fruit to the t -Allan Fertilizer Co.
heat \' .-AUTIIOItlZKI( : )CAPITAL, tmuti.? )( ger NITRATE SODA,
UOX MATKHIAL Tho Exchange IR 1 fully prt'iwred I to supply( boxes: and paper on i
order. Write for prico list und terms. Star Brand Fertilizers, MURIATE OF POTASH,
-:OFFICEK3 :-
II. FAlun.SKfa1'I'"I'hl<'nt. I). OUF.": H.F.\.. Vlco-Presldent. GUAKANTHW ANALYSIS. SULPHATE POTASH,
AI.1IKHT: M. I IVKS,urn'i Mgr.and Trcaa. )I. I'. TC ItNElt: Secretary. .
I)11t1XTOIIS---6co.! IL ."ulrlJdnkli.Iacbua Co.; I .O. Hill. Bradford ;o.; Dr. E. E. Pratt I I111118horo Orange Tree and Vegetable
Co.; John t' Dove Lake Co.: Hy CnJtchcrjOml1Kc Co.; ; IX Ureenleaf. Duval Co.; KAINIT, Etc.
11. M I. hater, l uval Co.: A. Brady Ilrevard Marion I Co.; C. V. I III Iyer, FERTILIZER.
Nassau Co.; John M hr'ant. OsceolaCo.; II. llutchingon, PutnautCo.; M. 8. Moretnan St. I
Johns Co i fl. W. Lancaster. Volusia Co.;J.C. Pclot. Manatee Co. These Fertilizer have superior in the market,and a trial wilt convince.
Address all eorreciiondcnco to the Florida .Fruit Kxclmntrc,Jacksonville, .Ia. Stencils Send for Catalogue free.
with full iMicklnK and shipping instructions furnished on application.GEO. .
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NOW IS THE TIME PRAY YOURTREES.SI$' 75SSHB5.5!! o

MAKES 3 COMPLETE Bruss IACIHKES.. WILL SWIAY ACRES PER DAY.
i AUTOMATIC Mix tuf'rTO.k: : ",Cfc*tJptlt and Kn (ttt tt'OrtCftaBpna Pmp. ?ivul,. Itn
11 0 raM b the Iesdlutr KntomolotrUU of the\J.H. A Valuallt. IWd Jbofc (icorf lAW)*(mrtnttct .
TO PLANT >W Mo4rmorarMpurcA3Mr. A TtRr ACTtO!!'(GUAIUNTIEIED UR 110111 aT MirCTJII)
Over t1WUlnuse.( Unft11rrntragrnthassol4o'yr2inl I ln. etiH(1, ...4atwboIei l ptires. Hl'4JJf
cat.oapr.LDcfree. niton paper. 1'. J''. LEWJtt dlV'U CO., C..kIU..(. Y.

GREVILLEA ROBUSTA or AUSTRALIAN SILK OAK. --, -- .- ..

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The finest ornamental tree for Florida-an evergreen-always beautiful with its fern-like ;5i. ORIGINAL HEADQUARTERS
leaves which, when turned' by the breeze show the light silky luster of the under side of each leaf.A .
1 j Tor rare.well as old Tropical Fruit and Ornamental Plants and Trees,
in our sandy soil. It is Til: HKST tree for street or yard planting making a
strong (
grower 's Shrubbery, Vine, Palms, Veins, Aquatics, I'fneapplcBamboos,etc.
handsome appearance in a very short time. 1
Stock safely shipped everywhere.
Single tree by mall, poet paid, :!0 ('..uhI; : trrr AO rrnU; A trrt ttl.OO; one .
Nurseries established 1683.Send
dosen .' .OO; 100 tree by rxprrss $I:..'\O. '
stamp for new and full catalogue, wbkh tells all about this subject*

H. G. HASTINGS & CO, INTERLACHEN, FLA. KKANOXKK RKON., Oiiece, Fla.

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CIRCULARS OF NURSERIES OF THE


SUNSET HILL NURSERIES Milwaukee Florida Orange CD.

Contain a list and description of the Choicest and Most Profitahle varieties of the Citrus
ramiiy which we hare selected from over one hundred different varieties grown,and tested by us Selected strains of Choicest Varieties oi Citrus Fruit Trees a Specialty.BuddingWood.
fa ev tcnire experience of setenteen gars We carry one of for sale at all times.
Our stock is large and complete. PROM PT ATTENTION TO CORRKSPONDKNCK. .
Tho Largest Stocks of Citrus Trees in the United States. For Catalogue aDd Price-LUt address

Send[er tit eulan.! Address R. inf. PIERCe. ::,;UDIC.. illlf .y..L.... Co,1+1a, 4, A. L. DUNCAN, Manager, Dunedin, Fla.




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TIlE FLOIUDA DISPATCH FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.

.

SPRAY SPRAY SPRAY!

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Spraying for insects anti fungus tlbtwes is one of the eccreta of successful fruit growing.-Defacare Farm and Ifomf.
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{ USEt



TIlE EUllEK INSECTICIDE !


IT WILL DESTROY THE THRIPS I ,

Which by feeding on the oil of the petals and stnmins of the bloom causes them to drop and the fruit to wither and die.tomato .

It will kill the Rust Mites, which have inane morn than one-half the oranges of the crop of 1892 msty. It will improve the quality and npP rnnco of tho oranges,
making the product of pine lands fully equal to that of the best hammock, without injury to Its ear')'in qualities. It will destroy the Spider (Six Spotted Mite ). It
will kill the loving Scale Insect. It will destroy the Worm which attacks the fibrou8 roots, causing tho root knot of the peach, blight of tho pineapple, blight or the
and the'foot rot of the orange.
It will destroy the fungus! and lichen growth,j giving the trees a healthy appearance.
It will, aa Mr. Axline (Axline & Markly, Cincinnati,) gays, return you ten dollars for every one that it will cost.
Spray when the. trees are in )bloom and repeat as often as once each month during the BC.BOn.o or root diseases saturate tho ground so as to wet the roots. Use
one quart to three pints in fifty gallons of water.
SPECIAL.-On the first of January, 1898 the price will be reduced from SO to 20 cents per gallon for barrels and half barrels.

Sppaginc) Quffifs in Great Variety at flanufac1urers' Prices.A .

full stock of Orange Box Material, Wraps, etc., as Cheap as tho Cheapest.

Correspondence Solicited. E. BEAN, Jacksonvile, Fla.

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SULPHUR SOLUTION


(INSECTICIDE)

Is the most effective compound yet discovered for destroying the insects infesting the orange tree, and is a soverelga

remedy for the various forms of fungi on trees and plants. Being free from all substances of a caustic, corrosive or poll

onous nature, it can be handled with perfect safety to the person, and applied to the trees at any stage of growth without

Injury.This
insecticide has been used by some of the largest orange growers in the State during the past two years, and hM

given perfect satisfaction. References furnished on application.For .

Rust Mite use one quart to fifty gallons of water. When used at this strength the trees should be sprayed for

the Rust Mite twice a month through the season. Where labor constitutes the principal item of expense in spraying treei

It is better and cheaper to use the Insecticide at full strength, viz.: One gallon of solution to 50 gallons of water, ai the

fumes from the Insecticide will kill the Rust Mite even if the solution should not happen to touch them. In using the

Insecticide at this strength it will save three or four sprayings through the season, thereby reducing the cost from one-

third to one-half.: This Is an Advantage Possessed by no Other Preparation of Sulphur. If used in this manner it

will also kill the other insects that may be moving on the trees.

For Red Spider and Scale use one gallon to fifty gallons of water. General directions for using sent on application.Price .

20c. Per Gallon in barrels. If there is no agent in your vicinity, write for price delivered. .

Spraying Apparatus furnished to our customers at cost.


McMASTER & MILLER. San Mateo and Citra, Fla.

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%1 SAVANNAH FLORIDA & WESTERN RAILWAY

AND-

F ; THE I t, FLORIDA ,?. DISPATCH t LINE *='

WITH THE MAGNIFICENT CONNECTIONS.

The Great Fast Express Freight System of the South.


The attention of shipper i U directed to the Plant S. S.Line between Havana, Key West and Tampa, and South Florida Railway between Tampa and Sanford;S., F.& W. Ry.between Jacksonville!
Biinbridge. River Junction and Savannah;Savannah and Chulntoa.,and Ocean Steamship Line between Savannah, Philadelphia, Boston and New York, and Merchants aod-fIDefi
l'ullIt>>rUtion Com pinyGainesvttie between Savannah and Baltimore. The best equipped, fastest and most prompt lines between all point In Florida and all points North and Northwest.Herriver .
and Shipper Will Profit by the Following Uuparalleled Connections!
JfOKTtt IHtUSD. SOVTU J1OUXD.
Double daily fast freight service for all points Went via Albany Jesup, Bainbridge and I Double dally fast freight service from all points North and West via Albany, Balnbridge,letup
aananab. and Savannah to all point in Florida; fast freight train both via Gainesville,Jacksonville,Caila-
DaHy fast freight all rail connection via the Atlantic Coast Line to all Eastern, Interior and han and Live Oak
Coast points, (including New York, Boston Philadelphia,Baltimore. Washington and Providence. Four ship a week by the fleet steamships of the Ocean Steamship Company, sailing from New
Four connection a week for New York via Ocean Steamship Company leaving Savannah York(New Pier 35. North River)direct for Savannah Friday, Saturday Monday and t4andrsd
ridy, Monday and Wednesdays. The Boston and Savannah Steamship Company's steamers will leave Boston trains.u, ,
Two connections a week for Baltimore vi* Merchants' and Miners'! Transportation Company Savannah direct,making connection on the dock at Savannah with fast freight for all point
leaving Savannah every Wednesday and Saturday. in Florida.
Connections for Boston via Boston and Savannah Steamship Company leaving Savannah Jan. From Philadelphia via Ocean Steamship Co.,leaving Philadelphia Jan a, u,aa,every ten day
S, ii, 19 and 36. from regular sailing day via New York to Savannah.eanectioas .
for Philadelphia every ten day via Ocean Steamship Company, leaving Savannah From Baltimore via Merchant and Miner Transportation Co., every Tuesday and Friday,
Jan. 7. ijana 7th. making close connection with S.,F.& W.Ry.,for all points ia Florida.The'Florlda .
Sitting day for Steamship are subject change without notice.
Dispatch Line Is the quickest and best freight route:from all points North, Bait and Welt to Florida. For full particulars, rates,stencils and shipping
receipts apply to any agents of the above lines, or to
Q. l-. \ : ,Traffic Manager, Savannah, Ga. F. II. I'AI'Y, Division Freight Agent.S vannah, Oa. W. H. DAVIDSON, Oen'l Passenger Aft..Jacksonville, FlaF
S. lIMUliT, Coutmctlug: Freight Agent,Jacks savllle,*Fla. j. u, 8TEPUEN6, Contracting Agent, JatckionvllU, Fla.2R2 .




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. ,. Florida Farmer i Fruit-Grower. .




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Fertilization. that have domestic animals and muckto tilizer at the smallest cost, and buy to stable manure. and muck; he had usedno

THE MEMBERS OF THE STATE HORTICULTURAL depend upon; and where the fertilizers get crops of some kinds to provide for pot sh.
SOCIETY CONSIDER TilE have to be purchased the use his family and stock. Major( G. P. Healy, of Volusi.1:

QUESTIONS HOW TO IMPROVE TilE of commercial fertilizers is far the NEED OF STOCK.;: county said that muck contained so

SOIL AND IIOW TO MAKE FRUIT TREES most economical. Taking our StateChemist's For a man without stock is working little of the elements of plant (food,

THRIVE. report as a guide, a person decidedly up hill, and a man afoot is ammonia, potash and phosphoric acid,

IThe following paper was read before the Pen- purchasing largely of commercial fer at a great disadvantage. He can with as shown by analysis, that he could
sacola meeting April If-l4, itaj. by W. II. II.Holdridge tilizers can make quite a saving by fertilizer raise a great deal. Don't not afford to haul it; he could buy the

of' Grove Park who Alachua has cattle o.J} and purchasing pure bone, or blood and think that because you can raise big chemicals cheaper. He mixed his own
The farmer
animals his bone and sulphate of potash separate, I crops it won't pay to raise small ones. fertilizer for general orchard use in
other domestic on and place industry instead of buying mixed or complete Build your barn so as to have your proportions of about three of ammonia
with commendable frugality and- fertilizers. Nor need they be mixedin stock arranged on one side, and havea eight of phosphoric acid and eleven of

is enabled by saving applying them, for the potash can cellar under them. bricked and cemented potash.In .
the fertilizers gained by
utilizing be easily applied and in quantities to so as to save all secretions, response to the question, Shouldnot
keeping stock to successfully raise each tree to suit the views of the I solid and liquid. Put a pig in the muck be analyzed before using?
his table and
vegetables for own grain milk owners of the grove.I I cellar to root over the compost. Get 'Mr.( Holdridge said yes, by all means;
and
and forage; for his horses have visited several that used up a big pile of good muck and haveit but added that the most reliable anal-
cows and often by drawing: upon the I dry and handy to throw in the ysis was that given by the trees.

. muck pond to enlarge his compost i SOFT PHOSPHATE cellar. The manure that can be made I Thos. Hasting of St. Johns county
heaps he is able to quite extensively and last year, mostly on orange groves,
from a horse and a few cows will sur said his neighbors had for years raised l
satisfactorily in commercial but some tried it for corn, some com-
engage
prise you. Compost it well and you fair crops of strawberries by using
truck farming. Yet the great mass of posted it, others put it on raw, and I
will have as good a fertilizer as can be stable manure. With chenical fertile
truck farmers of Florida must and do, have not found one who used it that and ;
made for your orange grove vege izers including large applications of
depend on commercial fertilizers of he could see any benefit from its use.
Put much he and berriestwo
table garden. on as per potash got larger crops
known commercial qualities which can It was mostly applied in spring and
acre as you can and then set your weeks earlier.
be easily and evenly applied and during the severe drouth of last year,
grove, plant corn, beans, cabbage, Mr.( M. S. Moreman of the same
whose results can be estimated to a and under more favorable circum
lettuce, turnips, millet-anything that county said the value of potash for
nicety before hand (a fair season con- stances it may yet prove to be valua your family and stock can use. Cow- strawberries could not be questioned;
sidered) in the raising of their valuable ble. I am experimenting this year
penning is good to make orange trees in his neighborhood when the potash
of it and shall
with several tons carefully -
products. and crops, but not so good to produce gives out they stop planting. They
.
and record the results.AS .
As to horticulture, no grove or orchard note
I oranges of a fine quality. A used 1,000 pounds of cotton seed
can long remain thrifty or productive TO MUCK good compost is better for fruits. If meal per acre and found high ground

unless aided by applied fertil several near me have, within the last your stuff don't grow fast enough, with irrigation better than low land.
izers. My I experience and: observationhave used it in liberal little cottonseed meal In Professor
year or two, quantities put on a response to a question
mostly been confined to pine in their groves and with apparent each time you cultivate, and Swingle of the Eustis SubTropicalStation

land. But I have seen and learned good results. But more time and a after your summer crops are off, said he did not think elements

enough of groves on hammock landto careful estimate of the cost of procuring leave the land smooth and let the crab that had been once assimilated by vegetable

know that they too must be fed or and applying it must give its true grass grow, and you will be able to or animal life were more easily

they will not feed their owners. In I I status as an orange tree fertilizer. I cut a good crop of excellent grass and taken up by plants than those obtained

my vicinity are many small groves visited one grove in particular that has make some good hay. Plow in the from minerals, provided the latter were

around the farmers' houses which have had muck applied to it in heroic quan stubble in the fall and you will notice in the right form. Plants were readily

been cow-penned or the manure from tities for five years, two cartloads to your soil improving in quality and I grown on pure chemicals.In .

the stables and cow-yards have been each tree, then in 1891 thirteen and a color. My( experience has been to response to a que tion E. O.

hauled and spread: through the groves third loads to each tree, in 1892 twenty push the grove with plenty of cow- Painter of DeLand said he did not

and some of them have been occasionally loads per tree. It never had but very manure, cottonseed meal, standard think a grove could be maintained by

treated to a coating of grass little commercial fertilizers. The groveis commercial fertilizers and anything to chemical fertilizers alone, and he did
and turf cut up with a hoe and cartedon condition free of till the
now in splendid promote growth trees begin to not recommend constant culture.
from the adjacent woods, and have insects and producing annually good bear, then give them a liberal allow Get as much humu$ into the soil as

had no commercial or chemical ferii crops of fair fruit. The grove is 18 ance of bone, potash and ashes, to possible, either by direct applicationor

lizer whatever applied to them.'et years old, a few of the trees two or produce fruit. Fertilize liberally, as by growing crops to be returned

they are in good condition! though three years older; they are mostly sweet you get more crops with the same wholly or in part to the soil.
many of hem. ar. from twenty-five to seedlings, and in a neighborhoodwhere amount of cultivation. Irving Keck of Polk county thoughtit

thirty years old, and produce good it is surrounded by fine old To sum up, keep some stock and would not do to take chemical anal-

crops of fair marketable fruit, but not groves. With a sirgle exception it is have some system to save all the fer. ysis alone as the standard of the valueof

annually. finer in condit.on, appearance and tilizer you can, that is the farmer's fertilizers. The mechanical effect

"OFF YEARS. present prospects than any other grovein profit, and by a little trouble you can was equally important. The effect
I have often heard the remark, "I had quite a large section of country. increase it from trash composted withit. upon the subtle processes going on in

a small crop of oranges; this year, as When you buy "commercial" buy the soil must also have weight and

this is the off'year; I had a large crop ANOTHER VIEW OF THE SUBJECT. judiciously. Read, attend farmers' could be determined only by expert--
last Why should not a grove and learn all from
year. can
meetings, you --- -
,of
(The following paper by Geo. K.Campbell -- --
that is well fed (fertilized) and well )I rrfmac. Orange Co was also read before the others' experience. We can all learna
cared for furnish a good: return each April meeting of the Society.[ "
great deal by reading and observa- ; WORTH A GUINEA A BOS. 1!>
winter's frost and Fertilizers in a general are 'vvvww 1-
year after its rest- way tion. Learn to make what you can -
well man the main source of growth and profitto
drouth permitting-as as a
home and to keep
at try your moneyin
or horse who is well fed and housedbe the farmer and fruit grower. He the State and we will see better JJflalfs .
expected to take up the burden of cannot expect to get good results times. .
their work and carry it on to comple without their liberal use. In many
tion after year? But I have cases nature has provided him with The foregoing essays brought out a I:: PAINLESS....EFFECTUAL I

noticed year that the better a grove is fer almost unlimited sources of growth, lengthy discussion of the value of FORADISORDERED {

tilized and handled, the less frequent. as in our drained saw-grass sectionsor muck and of the comparative valueof LIVER

ly do I hear the remark about the heavily timbered hammock lands. animal manures, mulching muck, Taken at directed these famous Pills<
"oR' 'ear." I find that the groves The man who comes to Florida ought; etc., as compared with chemical fer- i will prove martellous restoratives to all<'J
) first and tilizers.Mr. [enfeebled bj the above or kindred diseases.
that treated to commercial ferti to look for a healthy locality ,
lizers are in addition to the home product, good quality of land next. He who Stewart, of Galt, used muck 25 Cents a Box, \
I but generally recognized in England and.:
do the best and most regular work, settles on pine land must look out for and ashes, applying about the same ;,in fact throughout the world to be"worth a 0
muck would stable manure guinea a boa "for the reason: that they *
of fertilization. Many quantity as one ;
of citrus fruits, who sources \
and large planters f WILL CUJlKa u-W rooy of eomplalnti -\
to depend wholly or beds are of undoubted virtue as sup- it made fine fruit and was a perfect \\ ,and that they have saved to many *
are compelled elements for kinds of fertilizer as shown by results. <>sufferers not merely one but***./guineas,s
fertilizer many
plying
nearly so, on commercial in docton''bills. *
and The poor man must look out Col. S. S. Harvey, of Escambia Of all drujrgistf. Price 2S cents a bo*,
enabled to as fine trees crops.
are grow New York Dt t,6 Canal St. 2!)
have as; productive groves as those for a means to obtain the most fer- county, had made'his pear orchard on .



284 THE FLORIDA DISP -.'iCH, FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. .
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ment. He had obtained most satis stable manure, leaves, trash, muck, ripen in the order named, and are never let the tree get so high that the

factory results in improving worn lands etc.,, hauled in did not. result .in sufficiency unsurpassed in their season. entire crop cannot be picked from the

by turning under native growth.Mr. of nitrogen as shown 'by the The Jewel is a seedling of the Wai- ground. I prefer to prune about the

A. G. Hamlin, of DeLand, condition of the trees he appl? d amt do, fruiting on my place for the third time the tree starts in the Spring.
said the relative value of fertilizerswas moniacal fertilizers. *** time, and is two weeks earlier than Those who have practiced pruning in

a question( of the utmost importance He obtained in this way a satisfactory any other peach with me. Oviedo mid-Summer have soon found that

especially where such enormous growth and used potash and ripens in July, is of Honey origin, they had no trees to prune, as they
quantities were used as in his section.In phosphoric acid as adjuncts to give a and is very fine. The rest of the list cannot stand this defoliation at the

orange growing those who raised proper development of wood and are too well known to need descrip time their leaves are most needed.

the very best quality of fruit met prac fruit. He also made especial applications tion. All of the above originated at FERTILIZING.

tically no competition in market. lIe of nitrogen in the form of nitrate Waldo. There has been so much said and

believed that thick-skinned, coarse, I of soda to give color to the fruit. PRUNING. written about the deficiency of potashin

rusty fruit could be avoided, and that I .- The peach tree requires pruning as our pine lands, and of the great
the quality and quantity of the fruit and the of it to all kinds of
Report on Peaches and Plu T 8. thoroughly systematically as necessity applying
were in great measure determined by [Read before the Florida Horticultural Society at grape vine-and neglect of it invari- fruit trees, the peach in particular,
fertilization.In Penucola.] ably results in inferior fruit. Expe that it seems like treason to differ; yet I
the Stetson grove they appliedas I shall confine myself to a plain rience is the only reliable guide in must say that after testing it as a fer

much as 40 pounds of all potash- statement of the methods pursued by pruning. About the only reliable tilizer, in a way in which there couldbe

phosphoric acid ammonia fertilizer to myself and other successful peach i rule that can be laid down on this no mistake, I have not Only foundit

the tree. Some used as high as 80 growers in our section, regardless of point is to cut back one-half to two of no value, but a positive injury,

pounds, but he did not think they got the old established rules of peach thirds of the previous year's growth ; not only to the peach, but to other
any better results. growers in the North, or the experience
Prof. Webber, of the Eustis SubTropical of others in the State. Peach JL

Station, said it was impossible growing about Waldo is a financial

to test the value of fertilizers by success. I shall not lay down rules IRRIGATION OFGROYES.

applications of a single kind. The for others under different conditionsbut

different kinds should be applied side simply give my own experienceand

by side under the same conditions of observation extending over ten

soil and season. This was a much years. ,

better way to ascertain their value FLATWOODS SOIL BEST.

than to depend upon chemical analysis My orchard, like the other successful 1! %

which was but a partial guide. I orchards of my section, is situated )

He urged that more experiments of : on flatwoods pine land, having clay
this kind should be made; it cost no subsoil about two feet from the sur h33.a

more to apply several kinds than one. face. This soil is very retentive of

Mr. Hamlin stated that they were moisture and requires ridging or under-

doing this in the Stetson groves, comparing .draining to make it available.Our .

the results of different kinds in best peach land is just the kinda

the same groves, both pound for stranger would not select for that 1

pound and dollar for dollar. business, while that which he would
K; ;; .
I
Prof. Swingle, of the Eustis SubTropical '
select is just the land on which to
station, said the Germans make a failure.

had a very accurate way of measuring Peach growing at Waldo began I.

comparative value. They use one about twelve years ago, with a few '.
1 II? ...
crop, usually oats, laying out a field Peento and Honey trees, planted in
in plots and trying various fertilizers experimental these began SANTOHD, FIJI., October :=20th 1w.!.
an way; soon
TO ALL WIIOIIT MAY CONCKUN:
and combinations. Results immedi to be so profitable that the acre- We. the undersigned certify that wo were present at tho Hanford Water Works, In Ban-
ately appliable to annual crops were ton, .Florida,on Friday, October 23th, 1K 2. to witness a test of the continuous cement pipe
age has gradually been extended. The rmulo by J. Jl. Magrudcr. Wo there saw a section of tho pipe about twenty inches length
obtained in this way. With the orange Peento is the most treacherous variety : subjected,at two different times, to water pressuro of 115 pounds to tho square Inch and It
tree slow feeder it was difficult but i stood both tests without leaking at ull.
a of which I have any knowledge, yet Mr. Magruder wished the pressure increased sunicient to bunt tho plpobut Mr. G.
believed by the use of some biennial in my section it has made but two Jones tho superintendent of tho Water Works refused to put on more than 115 pounds for
fear of tho
mains.
Injuring city
plant we would be able to ascertainthe failures in ten years, while the nativeor C.JON E:$.Chief Engineer: Sanford Water Works. ,
comparative value of different fer J.J. HAKUIH Mayor.J.1.1'ACI (
varieties have made
Spanish not a : Merchant and Fanner.
tilizers for the orange, without waiting single one There are quite a numberof A. C. MARTIN.. Hrnct>r. "
for results as shown by the trees, peach trees in Waldo said to be J. A.[ KIIIEUItRWJ cr.Manna!.
which would necessarily require a long old still A. M. THUA8H Kit. Attorney.UKO. .
thirty years bearing good cropsof : li; FFFttNA1.l: ), Ih\ntwRreand Irrigating Plants.
time. These practical tests were much fruit. 1.11.: YOUNllfl, Liveryman,
more satisfactory than chemical tests. 11.81.1(3iCAti'1.tUAMJuatleoof: I tho Peace.
PLANTING.I SAMrono Fr October 1M.
23th.
By the request of the Society President TO ALL WHOM IT MAY CONCERN: :
Adams the result of his experience I prefer thrifty one-year-old trees. We, the undersigned, hereby certify that on or about the 27th day of September,A..fl.,
gave The months of December and Jan ISJtt( we saw J. I U.! Mairruder make a continuous cement pipe, about thirty feet In length;'*
and observations : with J o machine; that Mid pipe was made out of cement. sand and water, section
uary are the best time for setting an or Mid pipe, 'about twenty inches in lenith, was sawed otr anti was tho MOle section pipe
He thought it a mistake to measure that WM tested at the Sanford Water Iorka on Friday,October tb, ite.F. .
orchard. When land is under-
the value of vegetable growth, oak not W. KINO. II. C. LiND 4LEY, t:. .:' IIENDRltSON'O.
drained, I set the trees on top of the r.1IEILILY. JUAN I'IEItSUN .:. II YOUNO.
leaves, muck or stable manure, by the LAKE HELEN, FLA., Dec.23rd.:
of ammonia and ground and draw the earth over the DEAR SIR: Tho system of cement piping laid In my quantity potash, roots with a hoe then bed with a Is a grand success for conducting water Our main and lateral pipes arc three inches,and
phosphoric acid shown by chemical up with a new duplex pump 6z43. Wo have been putting from 1.5 to 2U)gallons of water into
turning plow, leaving a deep water the grovo per minute- am so well pleased that had other groves to irrigate, I certainly
analysis. Humus, shade, temperature, would use the cement piping. Yours Truly
furrow in the middle ; but land (for J. It. IIUIIST.
mechanical condition were of even
peaches should be underdrained, then Continuous cement pipe can be made to stand! 50 or 75 pounds water pressure to the
greater importance in growing fruit square Inch very cheap. Can be made to stand 160 pounds pressure far below' the cost of
the trees may be set a little lower. The iron pipe. Will not corrode nor rust,and will last forever. It Is the best pipe for watering-
than chemical applications, and where mistake I made in trees with hose, for sub-Irrigation, for(draining lands,and is made porous fur garden use.I .
these conditions were right the soil only ever plant. I 11. Is the best and cneapest pipe !in the world. This wonderful little machine will make and
ing was in setting too deep. lay l.OUO> ) feet per day-without Joints-to hard that roots cannot bcnetrato It. The machine
itself became one vast laboratory for lays It as fast as it makes it. l"o experience Is necessary to operate tho machine and Ills.
the manufacture of food. When good trees are set and well warranted not to make an inch of\imperfect-pipe in ten miles. When pipe can be made*
plant cared for, they will as a rule, pay all low as one cent i per foot-and we know Irrigation In Florida in necessary-why should orange
He thought growers often over growers and gardners do without it? t
expenses up to date the second year Full directions for mixing material sent with each machine.The .
looked the fact that in application of after right and machines to make your own pipe for Florida can be bought of
fertilizers be the first planting.
nitrogen must '
J. B. MAGRUDER SANFORD
consideration. Growth is the first VARIETIES. FLA.

essential. Nitrogen is essential to While the Peento is the foundation

make potash and phosphoric acid of our peach culture, we have POTASH SALTSAre

available. Ashes or superphosphatehave produced so many improvements by
no effect without nitrogen. In planting Peento seed and the seed of necessary to produce Urge crops of good quality.

fertilizing he went largely by the rule its offspring, that we no longer con- High and Low Grade Sulphate of Potash, Murlato of Potash and Kalnlt.*

of thumb. lie made the tree the sider the Peento worthy of planting.As For Information and PatUcuUtri! ,address ;

judge.If to the best varieties : The Jewel GERMAN KALI WORKS .

the growth on the land and the Waldo, Angel, Lizzie and Oviedo V3VUau<,n Street, JV.*O Yorh,, .V. r. f



FLORIDA DISPATCH, PARME $TND) FRUIT GROWER. 265

.

fruits. In buying fertilizers I select for distant market in one-layer boxes.In containing considerable ammonia Grapes.

that which has least potash. packing I first put in a thin layerof when the trees were set ; success (The followinpaper by L. K.llayncs, of
Outside of barnyard and hen-house excelsior then this Nlaftnnt Villa, Orlando, wa read before the
spread over ;A largely depended upon getting a vigorous recent meeting of tho State Horticultural Society -
manures J: find that cotton seed meal, sheet of fancy wrapping paper, then gpwth the first year. J

ground bone, blood and bone give pack the peaches in straight lines ac He Had not succeeded very well In presenting my report on grapesat

better results for the money expendedthan cording to size. When the box is full with plums. The Kelsey was no goodin this meeting, I am happy to state

anything else. I am not alonein spread on another sheet of fancy paper, his section. Thought it essentialto that the Niagara Vineyards in our

this but believe I have expressedthe a light layer of excelsior, nail on the spray for curculio to succeed with section are starting off very much bet

almost unanimous conclusion of lid and the box is ready for shipment. ; plums.Speaking. ter this spring than ever before, and

the Waldo peach-growers. PLUM GROWING. of varieties, Mr. G. W. setting an abundance of very large
Mellish of DeFuniak Walton clusters in fact this is the
STOCKS. The Kelsey plum was planted in ( county) ; first year
Peaches budded above ground on my section quite extensively nearlyall said the Elberta was the great peachof that the embryo fruit has been so

plum stocks are worthless, but when of the trees have been dug up. I all the West Florida region. At large. The foliage is very profuse.

budded at the collar or grafted in the had the Kelsey to ripen in this State.I his place they planted about one-half One forty acre vineyard planted last

root, and transplanted so the union planted two hundred; these were Elbertas; i it was their latest shipping year is setting fruit at the rate of

will be below the surface, the peach very productive, the trees often break peach, coming in July. twenty to thirty very large bunches to
will of its becom with fruit Ten to fifteen per cent of their trees the vine. The prospects were neverso
push out roots own, ing down the weight of butit
I were Alexander, Jesse Kerr or Ams- favorable for a very large crop of
ing what call double rooted, invariably fell a prey to the curculio
den. These were the earliest to ripen excellent grapes as they are this sea-
making a better tree every way than or rotted on reaching full maturity.A .
fruit and the other hand
the
those on peach roots alone. I find few seedlings of the Kelsey that on latestto son.The
-bloom. With him the varieties White Diamond
these double rooted which grape we have
trees are more are quite promising, some of
vigorous and prolific, and produce have fruited with me for the past three mentioned by Mr. Godbey bloomedin abandoned, having thoroughly testedit

finer fruit than those with peach roots years, and have always brought their February. The Alexander bloomedtwo and find the fruit does not ripen.
weeks later than the other Persian Last season the fruit remained on the
also be much fruit but I
havea
only. They can set to perfection, as only
deeper, as the plum root is not as few I can make no report of their varieties and three weeks later vine until the Niagara was gone, but
and suffers than the- Peen*to type, and while in still it was hard and sour.
easily injured by water, marketing qualities.
less from drouth. What I have said I have Marianna, Golden Beauty, bloom and setting fruit the Alexander The Green Mountain vines are dy
would stand more frost without injury ing back rapidly and .
about planting trees on top of the Satsuma and ttotan, but am not pre very consequently
than other varieties. Ripening after will not answer (for a vineyard
ground applies only to trees on peach pared to repprt upon them.T. Alexander
St. Foster and
come John grape.
roots. K. GODIIKY.DISCUSSION. : .
CULTIVATION.Cultivation Early Crawford. The Elberta is easilyat We planted some of the new grape
the head of the list. called South Florida this spring. Theyare '
should be frequent and Commenting on Mr. Godbey's in third
pa They shipped bushel crates starting off very well.
shallow ; no weeds or grass should be Geo. L. Taber, of Glen St. Mary which obtained
per for they about $2.75. The culture of the grape cannot be
allowed to grow when the ground is said he was surprised at the statement
They met practically no competitionin made quite as interesting in an articleof
dry enough to work. When the rainy that potash as applied' to peaches did the market. this kind as that of some other

season sets in, the soil gets too wet more harm than good. This would He had handled for the DeFuniak fruits.

and cultivation is out of the question, not do for his section, he consideredit Improvement Compandurin.g the SOILS.

and weeds and grass have full sway. of special value particularly for
hundred thousand
past year, over one Grapes are grown on a variety of
As soon as the rains are over the bearing trees as it increased the size fruit
trees.
soils-sandy, clay, loam, etc. We find
orchards should be cultivatedand
peach improved the flavor and leightenedthe He used blood and bone and pot- i in South Florida the sandy soil of medium
clean. A cultivator is
kept good color of the fruit-all
important ash. Cotton seed meal a too
gave pine land the best when the
about the only is implement seldom needed requirred.The and. points in the market value of the rapid growth and was too expensive.He water line is within two to four feet of
turn-plow crop. The color of the Kelsey plum, the trees clean culture for
gave the surface, but still perfect drainagemust
should be used last .
only as a resort.Where' often too green to sell well, was very the first two years ; after that he discontinued be maintained. Transportationfacilities
the cultivation is properly much improved by liberal applica cultivation when the rains
also should be close at hand.
done will be
hoeing not necessary. tions. set in.

THINNING. On the question of pruning the They had planted 16 x 16 feet but PRUNING.If .

Peaches usually set two or three peach Mr. Taber said he followed no found it too close ; 20 x 20 is about you wish fine, well ripened fruit,

times as much fruit as they can bringto set rule ; often did not prune throughout right. crop your vines moderately. Early
in the season select from five to
The is almost the year. He shortened in the the of
perfection. beginner Upon subject anguitlula
twenty of the best clusters and take
whichis long outward-reaching branches-to a Mr. Taber said it
sure to neglect thinning, or root rot, was off
all the rest. A vine usually
very important. point where abundant foliage indicated common to all sections of the South.It .
fruit it
than
sets more can properly
that numerous lateral fruit-bearing did for
PICKING AND PACKING. not appear two years on new Annual and
mature. careful
branches would form if forced out third very
land the there
was plentyof
The stage in which to picka year pruning is of vital importance for the
proper by the cutting back of the main it, but during the fourth and fifth
peach for market can only be ascertained production of good fruit. This shouldbe
branch. For a considerable the it He had
by experience; much depends space years disappeared. not done in the last half of November,
portion of these far-reaching found it serious drawback
upper
a to peach
on variety and distance from December or January, but the earlier
branches bore blind buds which
only he avoided it his
,market. A good plan is to take one growing, on nursery the vines are pruned after the middleof
would produce no laterals and as a land and it
; trees by planting on new ,
of the boxes ready for shipment and November the batter, as it gives
result if back
not cut fruitbearingwould did not interfere with the growth and
set it away, waiting until the time be limited to the ends of fruitfulness of the orchard trees. them more time to rest. It is impos-..
has elapsed for those shipped to reach -
these straggling branches. He cut Prof. Swingle, of the Eustis SubTropical -
then box and
destination, open your back close enough to remove all the Station, uttered a note of
examine. If not ready for eating bare wood having blind buds only- } A
warning concerning peach yellowsand
a little riper i if overripe pick a
pick ;
of
irrespective of the seventy the peach rosette. The introductionof
little greener. A person can soon cutting required. He obtains an abundance either of these diseases meant ruinto '
tell the for market.I TemperanceDrink
just stage
of lateral
fruit-bearing the orchards. In amount and extent
make about three grades as to i
branches in this and obtains
way, a of damage the foot-rot or blightof
size and shipping the ripest
ripeness
head the
compact, shapely by same the orange was insignificant in
ones to nearest market and the greenest process. He prunes his trees in earlyspring. comparison to the ravages of these

to more distant markets. 1 have diseases on the peach. The yellows For temperance people-a health-
never lost a shipment that went throughto Col. S. S. of giving drink for the masses.Hires' .
Harvey, Quintette, was confined to the peach while the
destination. I invariably ship by
(Escambia Co.) would prune even rosette attacked the plum as well.
express regardless of the rate. more severelthan Mr.[ Taber. He Within two hundred miles of one of 'Roo

PACKAGES. considered it essential to full cropsof the most extensive peachgrowingsections Beer

After trying various packages (for good fruit. Last season he had of Florida rosette was doing

peaches I find a shallow box or tray two thousand bushels of Elbertas, an its deadly work. He urged that ev Not a harmful ingredient in its

holding one or two layers of fruit to average of three bushels to the tree, ery precaution be taken to prevent make-up. Nothing but the pur-

be the best. These trays are used by and scarcely any imperfect or defective their introduction.If est extracts of carefully selected:

all the growers in my section. Theyare fruit. herbs roots barks and berries.A .

generally 12 inches wide, 22 inches He thought it of the highest im you feel weak Gallons aj cent of A package 9,licioui make, Strength Fire '<

long and deep enough to hold one or portance that the trees should be and all worn out take eniag Effervescent Beverage

two layers of fruit. That for near started off vigorously at first. He Xto lure and *tt Him'THE ,

market is put in two-layer boxes; that would fertilize heavily with fertilizer BROWN'S' IRON BITTERS



2S6 THE FLORIDA DISPATCH FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.
.-
i
J. ALKX.: LITTLE 1'rr.l.lrnt.. LITTLE, Secretary and Treanurer


LITTLE BRO'S'' PKRTttlffiRLOCKIIAUT OMPANY,


( LIMITED. )

.
JACKSONVILLE FLORIDA > .,


!\> UFAC'1 URERS OF



.8HIGH GR1\/DE/ e MMLIZIM



FOR ALL CLASSES OF TREES A 4D Pl1A TS.


IMPORTERS OF POTASHES, NITRATES, and the famous CALCUTTA BONE. The largest stock of FERTILIZER MATERIAL in the SouthA

Special Invitation Extended to All to Visit Our Factory. PROMPT SHIPMENTS. GREAT CARE AND ATTENTION GIVEN TO ALL ORDERS.

OFFICE, 24 EAST BAY STREET. JACKSONVILLE FLA. FACTORY, SOUTH JACKSONVILLE, FLAP

-.

sible to furnish any set rule for pruninga age of the vines. The following formula He thought the Niagara and Delaware failed to mature. Bordeaux mixturewas
vineyard. This must be learned by is about the best.Ammonia I the best varieties for distant the best insecticide.Mr. .

actual experience and by studying the ......p....... to per cent shipment and Ives, Champion and E. E. Sugart (also of West
nature and habits of the varieties. Available phosphoric acid.5 ti 7 Concord for nearby markets. In response Florida), had found Moore's Earlyone

There are scarcely two vines that grow Potash K 2 0............10 to 12 to a question he said Catawbawas of the best, if not the best, early
exactly alike; what will answer lor a- Cultivate this fertilizer in and keepup all right for home use. Cham. grape of the Ives and Champion class;
strong, well-developed vine would be the cultivation at least once in pion was the earliest for table use with it ripened with the Champion, or a
ruinous to a weak vine and riff rersa. until for the him. Early Ohio was* said to be little in advance of it.
ten days June 15
Our experience has led us to follow every bearing) vines and until September 15 earlier ; he had not tried it long
the renewal system. We have adopteda for vines. enough to know.
trellis bracket which gives us two young DISCUSSION His market crops of Delawares, Nerve Blood

side vines above, about fifteen inches In the discussion which followedthe Niagaras, and Concords, valued in '
apart, to train the new fruit upon, reading of Mr. Haynes' paper Maj. order as named was harvested from Tonic Builder
they being placed about four inches Healy commented on Mr. Haynes' June 24 to July 24. Ives and Cham-
lower than the centre upper wire change of practice in using ammonia, pion were not satisfactory market
(which is four feet two inches above shown of the grapes with him.
as by a comparison, pa
the ground.) This vine after being per read, with \Ir.Haynes' statementsat For fertilizing he used blood and
pruned in the fall is tied to the upper previous meetings. He had then bone and potash, about four parts of
(centre) wire and as the new shoots condemned the use of ammonia for the former to one of the latter by fend for
start they are tied on each side to the grapes entirely, while he now weight. He varied the quantity according de.rnMi.pamphlet..WILLIAnS.
bracket wires, thus forming a protec- recommended a fertilizer containing{ a to the age of the vine ; results '
tion of the (fruit from the rays of the considerable percentage of ammonia. must be the guage in this matter; Dr.
sun, the first hanging from the canes This with his stable manure was good, but few hadit. 30f' MEDICINE CO.,
agreed own experience, per box Schenectady: ,N.Y.andBrockYllle.Ont..
and free between the .
independent but he thought members, especially 6 for 8'J.:10. .
centre and side wires. those with whose A. 'V. Stewart of Galt (West Florida .
dealing specialties, ---
Grapes for the table, ripening as utterances were likely be taken as au ) preferred a subsoil 24 feet be.
they do in South Florida in June and thoritative, should be very careful not low the surface (not closer) for grapes. '
July, should be very carefully assorted to lay down as positively establishedfacts This was the character of the great i'utt's
before they are packed. Only the and rules of practice conclusions grape regions of Ohio, Pennsylvaniaand Pills i
finest fruit should be shipped. The deduced from incomplete exper- New York, and in his experienceit
seconds or imperfect bunches can all invents was the best for grapes in Florida.
te used for wine. We made a very also was inclinedto He preferred a northern slope, where To pnrgotho bowel doe not mk
Major Healy .
them but leave them
rerular won
superior quality of Sauterne wine from doubt the possibility of making a the vines are latest to put out new eoiMlltlots; than before. Tko live 1*
The trouble in this tfeo Ibo neat of trouble,and
our Niagara grapes last season. good sauterne wine from the Niagara growth. great
SPRAYING.Spraying grape; in fact, he did not believe good State was that the vines start too THEREMEDY:
the vines is a very important wine of any sort could be made from early and get caught by frost. He must act on It. Tntt' liver Pitta met
feature in the culture of the grape. the Niagara, which is not a wine thought bone dust one of the best !ofrbile that oncan causing free
flow ,without wblrb the bow
fertilizers He had used well decomposed *
,
Before the vine stans use half a poundof grape. elaaroalnnjracoaatlpated. Price,330
paris green to fifty-two gallons of Mr. G. W. Mellish, of DeFuniak muck mixed with ashes scat. Sold Everywhere.

water. This will kill spiders, insects, (Walton county) had been raising tered results.broadcast Had and plowed in with Office, 140 to 144 Washington St., ff. Y.
good not seen blight or
On the
five
grapes for four or years.
etc.After the buds have started and high sandy lands of his section up to fungus on his vines. --

while the fruit is in embryo use one the present time no blight, black rot, He did not think the vines usually ,
quart of sulphur insecticide and one fungus or insect had been seen by the planted in this State are properly : EPILEPSY OR FITS

quarter pound of paris green to fifty- I grape growers. They were without grown. The cuttings should be Can this disease be cured Moil pbyaldAM' ay
two gallons of water. After the foliage subsoil, it being sand clear down. He longer, giving three layers of roots instead No-lur,Tn; til form*and the wont cue*. At.
is out !sufficient to protect the fruit I I attributed their exemption from disk of two; the grape needs deep : trr SO year study And experiment I hate found the
it cured It cared, not*ab-
by
remedy.-Epilep'y ;
spray with the Bordeaux mixture (six ease and insects to dry weather in .roots in our soil. Grape land must duel by opUitt-the old,treacherous, quack treat.aunt. -
pounds of sulphate of copper and Spring, which was usual in their sec i be well drained ; the American rape : Do not despair. Forget puUmpolttJema on
four pounds of unslacked lime to tion, together with the character of will not stand water ; natural drainage II your failure pane. Look,pact forward outrage,not on backward.your confidence My remedy,part'
twenty-two gallons of water) as a preventive their lands. He did not think flat- is the best. I I. of Mfay. Valuable work on the tabject) and
from mildew and black rot. woods lands adapted to the grape, The Champion ripened first and t large Mention bottle Port-Office of the and rtmed1-Express*
One or two additional spraying duringthe but had found no sun too hot and no the Ives next; although of inferior .".IL PUKE,F.D.,4 Cedar St,NeirTotk.BORE .
season with sulphur insecticidewill sand too deep for them. Well drained quality he found they paid well The -- -- --
be beneficial. low lands with dry subsoil were all Delaware was unexcelled. His Cham Til. ** IMMT" JIAUIIIMCRY
and TOOL ia UM world for
FERTILIZING. right, but hardpan land would not do. pions began about the middle of June. loOOM4tqbi this buln
The latter part of December or earlyin They needed a warm open soil. In He averaged 20 cents a pound for his Horse Powers,
January plow the vineyards that response to a question as to how long crop which was sold in Chicago.He ? WELLS- Steam Engines,
are sodded over, and let them remainin his vines had been planted that had had no trouble with the ripening; *Valves,
that condition until about Februaryi I escaped insects and disease, he said the Concord and other varieties ripen DRILL I 'C..ps ton D r.*lI.W bUanond. fl work tcp
.
.
to I S. Then apply the fertilizer, from I he had vineyards five years old that ed evenly with him. LooktIS&LAYMAN CatalocQ mail; 4 hH.,
two to four pounds, according to the had never been attacked. Black Hamburgs were a failure; they WELLS



FLORIDA DISPATCH, FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. 287 .

-

The Kaki. ially those varieties that make a fall should be done in winter, the formerat sprouts and a new pear tree is the
It has always been a marvel to me bloom of sterile flowers. the beginning of sap movement in result.
that the kaki should be called dioipyros > There is great variation of the fruit spring, or as late as the trees: would Directly after the freeze in 1872
or "the fruit of the gods." If often on the same tree. Our little' "take" in the fall. the top ends of the limbs and leaveson
the idea was that the gods were natu Zingi that I think no one has ever yet Mr. Hamlin found that cultivation many trees turned black and died.
rally ilkempered and required constant wronged by misnaming, has the freak'. made the trees shed their fruit, the The freeze of last month produced the
conciliations, and then, after a long of producing fruit so different that i trees that bore best in his section same effect in several cases that have
time of ill nature became at once very they well might be called distinct va (sandy lands) were those where the come under my observation. Some
good, perhaps this fruit might in a : rieties. In a catalogue before me I ground was n A stirred. call this blight. I do not.
measure represent their character.For i find fruit described, "Pulp quite dark, Prof. Webber, of the Eustis SubTropical Last year many of the LeConte trees
if there be a fruit more unpalatable very sweet and rich, best quality." Laboratory and test grounds, in my section bore two partial crops.
or disgusting to the taste than While this is true of the earlier ripen- had noticed a black rot in the fruit The last one came to maturity, to a
most varieties of the kaki are when ing specimens, and I might add "full where it had been bruised. He askedif certain extent, in December and was
green and immature I think it hard to of seeds," other specimens on the the kaki would thrive in the scrub quite toothsome.

find.But same tree ripen later, nearly or quite lands. To give the members an idea of the
notwithstanding the unpromising seedless, pulp a pale pink or orange Mr.[ George L. Taber, of Glen St. size of this industry perhaps a few
nature of the fruit while it is yet color, dryer and more agreeable to Mary (Baker county), said that the statistics would not be amiss. We
growing, when properly developedand many than the earlier ones. I had trees thrived everywhere on all classesof will give those from our own county
ripened it is a fruit that both the one that produced all of the fruit of soil. and one on the east and west sides
gods and men might delight to share. the latter kind, that was killed by the Col. S. S. Harvey, of Quintette lor 1892 :
The kaki is best grown on the na freeze on that fatal St. Patrick's morn (Escambia county), had not been ableto COUNTY. TURKS.; HAIIKBLH.[ VALUE.
tive persimmon (Diosfyros Virginian) ing four years ago.. It was in full grow the trees, although he had Lt.on..IOU:I 7,001 $14,891 00
iatlstlvii.. 1,701( 441. !USI) :| 7i.JeJre :
covered with bloom and tried died
stock. The wild trees may be workedby foliage perished repeatedly, they back.' n..:Ji,1i2 ,4SI 13.452: 00
budding or grafting where they are as a tomato plant would in the Mr. Taber thought this due to -
found growing, and some of the finest same degree of cold. severe cold, as the trees, and particularly Total value.$8,2: ? 75
specimens of the fruit I ever saw were The profit of the kaki as a market some varieties, were often cut There are only about three countiesin
from such trees growing in the wire crop seems fully settled by the sales of severely in the northern part of the the State that foot up similar figures.
grass without cultivation or fertiliza last season's fruit. Returns show from State, and even further South to a considerable The trees of all varieties have all the
tion.I three to five dollars per box, and, extent in localities. fruit set that they should bear, still

would recommend that the wild coming when there is nothing else to A. H. Manville, of Denver (Put there would have been many "proppedup"
sell in the fruit line will fill the had the freeze in
trees be worked one season before help nam county) considered Hyakume, trees not March
season. Yeddo Ichi, and another variety which occurred. It hurt the Sand pear much
setting i if they are to be taken up and
placed in grove form. December is Prof. VanDeman called a large-fruited more than any of the other varieties

probably the best month for trans. The foregoing paper by N. Wood- Zingi, among the best sorts. They alluded to.
planting.It worth, of Welaka (Putnam county), were dark meated and edible as soon It is a surprise to many that these
was read before the recent annual as they attained full size, having hard counties are as far along in this class
is best to work the stock so low
meeting of the Florida State Horticultural flesh like an apple, and not being of fruit as they are. Scientific horti
down that in the
:transplanting pointof
Society.In astringent even when green. He had culture, generally speaking, has not
connection be from four to six
may the discussion which followed, seen but few in market, thought they entered into their "make up" in any
inches below the surface of the
ground in response to a question by Ar would take better than the light, custard shape or form, but "main strength andawkwardness"
when reset. I have found trees to
Hamlin of fleshed the latter has cut quite a figure.Mr. .
DeLand
thur G. President sorts, as were
do well for a time worked in the
very Adams said he found no troublein astringent if not fully ripe, which was Lawrence thought that the
but the late frosts of the
top, past marketing the kaki (so-called seldom the case when offered in general lack of interest on the part of
three years have ruined many such. "Japan) Persimmon"). His experiencein market. fruit growers in the pear region in sci-
The best trees however, are made
,
entific horticulture drawback
shipping extended over several ----e-- was a great
from stocks that are from the
grown to the drawback
industry-a that
He the fruit when it
years. gathered Pears and .
Apples.JAt
seeds of the wild persimmons. They
beginning to color and made itself felt in the condition of the
be worked the second and was just packedit the annual meeting, the State Horticultural
may year
trees and the fruit in the market.
in Tangerine orange boxes, using Society I'ensrtcola, Mr. W. It. Uiwfrnee -
placed in grove the year following. ,of the (committee-on Pears, rt'U111' pa A1TLES.
These have more fibrous roots and Spanish moss to prevent bruising. lIe Itt>rol1 thlttfubjcct.)
Of this fruit I little. I have
each fruit in and placedit can say
wrapped
bear transplanting and off paper Mr.[ Lawrence said his
more own trees
grow quite a number of trees but
in the box in such a way that it rest- set out
vigorously than trees on the wild roots; ed the were young and that his report was none old enough to bear. A neighborof
for most of them are only sprouts on moss. largely based upon his observation (mine fruited what he termed the
sprung from the lateral roots of other Prices were satisfactory; he did not among the older orchards in his sec Horse apple quite extensively but
trees, and have mostly one lateral root consider the selling of the fruit at a tion. pronounced them "no good," and
from which the sprout grew without remunerative price any longer a matterof In Middle Florida we fruit the Le this season he grafted the last one of
any or but few feeding roots. question or experiment; he found Conte and Sand pears most extensive them with what he believes to be a
For varieties I must refer you to our the market value as !stable as with ly. The Garber thus far is provinga better variety.

nurserymen, and Florida has some of other standard fruits and could always great favorite and has been, and Our seasons have changed materiallyand
the best in the "whole round world." depend upon a fair return. They had will continue to be, planted quite ex we believe that our winters will
The difficulty of fitting names to treesor failed him in this particular but one tensively. They.grow nearly as well be cold enough in the future to grow
trees to names is fully known to all year since he had been shipping them. from cuttings as the LeConte. apples successfully.
who have attempted to cultivate this That was season before last, when there The Kieffer is found in almost every Col. S. S. Harvey, of Escambia
fruit In the discussion of this sub. seemed to be something wrong with orchard and is highly spoken of.( county, said that while the subject of
ject in our last year's meeting, in our the fruit; they did not mature properlyand Many[ like its flavor much better than pears was up he desired to call atten

Horticultural Report, page 40, I am would not keep; but, as a rule, the LeConte. The latter just at a certain tion to one thing, which, in his opin
made to say "I have three varieties of he had no trouble with their carryingin time is very good, but when thatis ion, lay at the foundation: of pear culture -
kaki old enough for fruiting. I find good condition.He said about all is said. It comes so far as the LeConte was con-
them all the same." How they can sold his crop in New York and early and catches the eye of those of cerned and that was pruning.

be varieties and yet all the same may }Philadelphia. Last season the net the North as they pass the fruit He did not believe it possible to pet
puzzle an expert to say nothing of the receipts were from $2.50 to $5.00 per stands of the Italians, especially if satisfactory results without pruning
"common herd.Vhat I should box, which he considered an average they announce them as "California heavily and systematically while the

have said, and perhaps did say, was market price. He saw no reason for pears just arrived." The Kieffer is at trees were young. If not pruned the
that procuring three different varieties decline in value so long as productionwas least two months later, and comes in trees sent up long slender branches
bearing diffierent names, I found not very greatly increased. It just at the time when the producer is skyward that would not hold fruit to
them all the same variety when they came at a good time for the fruit out of pears.I amount to anything and that would be
have growers, after the early lemons were believe in the future that there will
fruited. And so we men puz broken down by the first crop. To
sled and disappointed from the be out of the way and before the orange be ten Kieffer and Garber cuttingsput those gentlemen present who had vis

ginning. Mr. Berckmans began the began.In out where there is one LeConte.We ited his orchard, he had pointed out
work of bringing order out of confusion propagating he used bud or have the blight and wanta remedy.As two trees in his oldest orchard that had
and our own Taber has done so graft according to circumstancesdidnot far as I can learn it does not kill been left unpruned as an experiment.
well that one beginning now need not think this made any difference and the tree. The owners keep sawing They run up like poplars, but had
go astray. one method made as good trees as the ofT, sometimes getting down to a mere not half the girth at collar or
I consider the kaki a great additionto other. He usually grafted large stocks stump, then all at once the blight fruit bearing branches that the pruned

our honey producing trees, espec and budded small stocks. The latter ceases its work and up come lively i [Continual oTHE page ,t

.
-



THE FLORIDA DISPATCII, FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.

-
[Continued from ]
it is unusual for them to pjnro27.- ----
not an thing
{State eWst This trees around them had, although ex.
bring as high as $5 a box. splendid
ceptionally well situated and they A
property is valued at $40,000, and ,
the is would that General lacked the strong well-branched main
Already machinery arrivingfor be cheap at figure. *
the use of the Flagler hotel build. Bullock contemplates building abridge limbs necessary to sustain the tree
Last week noticed of the lake when loaded with fruit. PiANOs
ers. we a large across the arm near .
steam rock crusher, among other heavy est to town, which would greatly (facilitate The trees should be cut back every The Recognized Standard of Modern
machinery being shipped in.-Juno the deliver)' of the fruit at the year until their limb system was well Piano Manufacture.
depot. To give an idea of how well developed and they began to bear-
BALTIMORE, NEW YORK
,
Sun.There
are specimens each of the this place is protected, the cold of this after that they need little pruning.The 11&2.4 K Baltimore 't. 14 Piah Ate.
crimson and burr clover on exhibition winter did not injure the tender lemon long, upright, shooting branches WASHINGTON, 81?; Pennsylvania Are.

at Schrader's drug store that show what trees that were less than a year old. should be annually shortened back ------- ---.
this Leon county soil will produce. two-thirds their length, cutting each Washing Flannels.To .
They are both worthy of exhibition at Items fr..m Braidentown Gazette : time to an outward eye, in order to wash flannels without shrinkage
The of fromilow.e's !
shipment 2,108 crates
Chicago and are pleasingly suggestiveof encourage lateral development.Mr. have a tub half full of water that is
dock on April 4th is the
George L. Taber of Baker
fine stock.--Floridian more than warm but not very hot, and
largest single shipment of vegetablesever agreed with Col. Harvey he
county: ; make suds with
Messrs. Geiger and Raulerson madea a strong laundry soapof
made from Manatee river. Score
would not have an unpruned LeConteon
shipment of Irsh potatoes to Atlanta the best quality. Add a teaspoon-
one for Palmetto.-The Royal Palm his
place. (ul of borax. Shake the
that sold for a little over $8 barrel, powdered
per Nurseries received last week a $500
The opinion of all the of
growers flannels then them
but the railroads took $2 barrel thoroughly, squeeze(
per collection of exotics from Southern
LeConte who them
region
expressed
'freight, about one-fourth. \". F. with the hands, sop them up and down
Cuba and of orchids
a large shipment selves corroborated the views ex- .
and if rub the between
Geiger planted one and one-half bar from the United States of Columbia. pressed. necessary, spots
rels of potatoes; the cold killed about the hands. Do not rub soapon
half and yet his sales will amount to Thousands of bushels of tomatoes President Adams (Orange county) the flannels and do not rub themon
about $60.-Oviedo Chronicle. have been ruined in the lake regionby and A. H. Manville (Putnam county), a board. Wring from the first suds

worms ; yet in spite of the damage called attention to the fact that in and put into another of the same tern
Improvements will be going on from rust, drouth and worms, Winter South Florida the trees did not have perature. Rinse through this water,
apace up at Lake Worth this summer. !I Haven and Florence continue to ship the skyward tendency they did in then put them into another as warm,
Mr. J. It. "low will have an irrigation
West and Middle Florida There
abour 3,000 crates daily, while Au- that does not contain soap. Wring
plant put in on his property, withvinch mrndale, Eagle Lake and Ilaines they grew slower and made stocky dry, shake vigorously and dry quickly.Iron .
mains
stand-pipes fiftyfeet
every Ctue, doing proportionately well, well.branched trees with little or no before they are quite dry with a
windmill, gallon tank
10,000 the total shipments probably pruning. hot iron and well.
daily
under which will be built a laundry ag moderately press
jrcgatmg 5,000 crates. And it is interesting Do not use borax for colored flannels.Vienna : .
house. A new and handsome residence -
to visit the depots and exam t. .
Our
with all the modern plumbing Dural one.
ine the marks the crates showingthe Rolls.
conveniences for on _
plant lightingand
gas -- - - --- - - ----
wide distribution of this popular Sift two or three times one quart of
cooking, will also be built, Con To Take Out Machine Greaso.
esculent. New York, Philadelphia, flour, two teaspoonfuls of I'rise'sCream
tractor C. C. i Haight having the workin Cold water, a tablespoonful of ammonia
Powder and half
Boston, Washington, St. Louis, Chicago Baking a tea-
charge.-Juno Sun. and soap will take out machine of salt work in tablespoonful
Cincinnati, all receive daily spoonful ; one -
Some of our winter visitors thinkwe allotments. In fact not a city of any grease where other means would not of butter ; add one pint of

ought to spare the alligators along importance east of the "Rockies," is, answer on account of colors running, milk, stirring into a dough of the usual

the river front because they are great neglected, and when it is rememberedthat etc. consistency ; roll to the thicknessof
-- --
attractions to tourists. They do not these great trade centers distribute Egg Biscuit. half an inch, cut into circular forms

appear to think that we cannot affordto a considerable part of their re Take one pound of Hour ; wet and fold over once, moistening a

run the risk of reducing our infantile ceipts among the smaller cities and nearly all of it to a paste with the little between the folds, if necessary,

population or feed them on valu- towns of the country, it will be seen whites of two eggs, beat and roll out to make them stick; butter the baking

able household pets to keep them for that, except the Pacific slope, every thin, work in three-quarters of a pan well, and do not let the rolls

their special benefit. There is another part of this great nation is daily fed I pound of butter, placing bits on the touch each other when placed thereon;

selfish trait about the 'gator ; \\hen on Polk county tomatoes The tomatoes paste, flouring, folding and rolling it moisten the tops of the rolls with a
our winter visitors are here and would I are from the northern half of out again until all is used. Move the little milk, or butter melted in milk,

be pleased to see him he is not to be the county. Meanwhile, the southern rolling-pin always from you. Cut out and bake in a hot oven.

found, having gone into winter quar half is supplying American and in small squares or with a tumbler and -.--
ters. As long as present climatic and European markets with thousands of bake in a quick oven. To Clean Black Silk Dross Goods.

other conditions exist there is little tons of phosphate, eastern Polk is t Thoroughly brush and wipe with a
probability of the complete extinction producing beef for home consumption Plan of Ono Housokoopor. cloth, then lay flat on a board or table

of these reptiles except in the imme- and to feed the hungry Cubans, all "Whatever lessens the burden of and sponge well with hot coffee freed

diate vicinity of the heaviest settlements parts of the county are sending; off domestic labor," says an experienced from sediment by straining through
and it will be many years be- quantities of luscious oranges and housekeeper, "I consider a good in. muslin. The silk is sponged on the
fore the large swamps will cease to be grapefruit to tickle the palates of peo vestment. I live in an old-fashioned side that is intended to show. It is'

prolific breeding places for them. pIe everywhere, and we at home- house with the wood floors that are allowed to become partly dry and then

And after all the best alligators are well we are having a pretty good time going now from even the simplest ironed on the wrong side. The coffee

the dead ones, so few, if any, redeem- ourselves. Great is Polk county !- houses built, but it is covered entirely removes every particle of grease and
ing features do the live ones possess. Bartow Courier. with oilcloth that is readily and easily restores the brilliancy of silk without

Ormond Gazette. -.- -- cleansed. It makes me ashamed of imparting to it the shiny or crackling
A correspondent of the Savannah my sex when I think of the former appearance imparted by beer or any
News gives some account of General For Malaria, Liver Trouble notion among housekeepers that eter- other liquid. The silk appears thickened

Bullock's orange and lemon grove: or Indigestion,use nal scrubbing of the kitchen floor was by the process and the good effectis

P. T. Wilson, General Bullock's superintendent I BROWN'S IRON BITTERSGUARANTEED the sine qua non of a tidy maid. And permanent. I It would be well to

furnished some interesting -, .I I I. like others* have often asked a exneriment on an old niece of worthless .
facts in regard to the profits of woman at the end of a day's washingto silk if you have not a dress to

lemon culture. From the lemon grove scrub a floor before she left. It clean, just now, and you will never

last season were gathered 750 boxes oas f CURE seems monstrous when I think of it. wish to try any other method.

fine lemons as were ever broughthere 1 I It If a floor is painted, five coats, the .
from Sicily. By spraying the, ; OR NO PAY. last a glazed one, are needed on the Boof Toa.

trees from May{ until August the fruitis Nothing Fairer Than This. soft wood usually put in a kitchen. Where a purely stimulating drink is

kept bright and smooth. One hun Wbeu0 stop say it cure for the, we time do not being mean, but t&hnp17to a My I tables are covered with tin, and required there is probably nothing

dred boxes of these lemons nettedGeneral PERMANENT AND POSITIVE CURE if one can't afford that expense, whichis better than beef tea, though it does

Bullock, clear of expense,,+, For fllirumatttim, Neural ;:e, DysprtMla, not great at all, at least use enamel not possess the quality of nourishmentso
$325. There is only a small are J. Hrmlnrhr, Cniif.Ipatltm. Uill' m.iir. .., Acr- cloth. The kitchen of the future, as often attributed to it. As long agoas
... ....
,'OI..U.1n.I..u." I m. llltMxl.iml
the of Dr. Kitchener who
it is of the in expensive day ,
planted in lemons as compared with I all tllfi'JiM' arlclnir' from u dtonleretlIlrcr. present many
the oranges, yet the profits from the:.. Write forTrvatlse TeittmouiuU,andPrrv homes, is going to have tiled walls and wrote "The Cooks' Oracle" for the

small lemon grove are fully equal tc, DR. (Sample ROC'S Ikittleof LIVER, RHEUMATIC, floors, soapstone tubs and sinks, teh benefit of good English housewives 'at
the large orange grove. From i6c and NEURALGIA CURE toe entire apartment waterproof and roach- the beginning of the century, it was

lemon trees there was gathered CULLEN &, NEWMAN, proof, and kept sweet and shining at known that beef tea possessed little or

season over 700 boxes of lemons, ant 175 GAY ST.. Knoxvlllo, Term. a minimum of time and strength." no powers of nutrition, for in experi288 -



.
.



THE FLORIDA DISPATCH, FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. 280

, ___ __ _u_
,

\ ments with dogs fed exclusively on a cardboard. These things do very Irrigation in Florida. I with this system he turns on the water

diet of broth it was found that in time well in their places, but poorly out of The of the Committee on I and the plant? "does the rest." This surely -
[ report 1 is the ideal system, in theory at least.
starvation resulted. It seems strange them. One good picture helps the I Irrigation at the Pensacola meetingof : A slight elevation of water, by any

that the fancy that beef tea contains appearance of a room more than a the State Horticultural Society, means, is sufficient to produce a circulation

strong powers of nutrition should re dozen knickknacks of the kind refer- read by Arthur G. Hamlin, was very all along the pil>e. Porous pipe i is

main quite prevalent at the present in I ed to, and will cost no more. A long. We emit the historical and ge also made, sometimes sawdust and

spite of intelligent authority to the little thought and a little planning, as ographical part.-ED.] cement oozes, through on slight the prl pores t1n'of. which Whether water -

contrary. you furnish your home a piece or two We have given much space to irrigation through i ignorance of a better plan or
-.- at a time will result in a substantial
harmonythat elsewhere because the field of observation more reasons
How to Crystallizo Grasses. will here is limited add the results
always delight you. Tin HOSE AND I NOZZLE PLAN,
s Very mantle ornaments (MinleaVhlatetnflictingand unsatisfactory.
pretty may
.
----t- + with a sufficient pressure to produce an
be made by gathering clusters of the A Sewing; Rug. While this question has many peculiar! abundance of water for a reasonable dis-
ties and
various field grasses at the season of complications as applied{ to tance through abut fifty feet of hose, is
Where a sewing room is impossible, Florida, we think the conclusions mentioned
generally the
their and now accepted as cheapest
greatest beauty, crystallizing above of consideration
are worthy
says the "St. Louis Magazine a and practicable for
rug most plan applyingwater. )
them in alum water. All that is here. There three hundred /
are some
of linen crash under the machine, A man can handle easily fifty
necessary is alum, water,, and an plants ino{ eration or tinder construction feet of two inch hose and should water
large to half the
enough cover room, the State. of all and
in They are styles
earthen jar large enough to hold the about five acres of day, giving
grove; lK'r i
will l Itt- of great convenience. Almostat descriptions, except that the old time
each tree about ten barrels of water.
Dissolve the alum in cold
grasses. ditch which diverts the mountain
a moment's notice all the threads system
The cost of this where
system
water a pound to a ) and warmit have in the average
( quart stream seems to no place
and scraps may be gathered up in this water is easily available, is i $100 per
slightly. Tie the grass, which must economy of 1'lorida.1'e have some
and shaken on a in some acre.
rug paper small ditch which used tocon"l"
be well dried stick and the systems are
to a lay Tilt: t KPItlNKLKIl: SYSTEM
convenient place. Such a rug may ) water that i is pumped to the surface
1 stick across the top of the jar, so that from wells described above requires little labor) in
be
purchast by the yard, two and a or comes flowing (notablythat
l the grass will be submerged. Keepin hall wide of Thomas II. Hastings in St. Johns applying. the water. One man at the
yards at eighty cents a
a cool place for twelve hours with- county). The water flows along a claysuitsoil pumping. station does the work, and,
out Take the and yard. Two yards and a half will without great waste and with while the original cost of the plant is
out
moving. grass make a sewing rug that will last for entire success. On such "oil, with clay nearly twice that of the hose system! it
I hang it up to dry. If necessary repeat is argued that this great cost is soon
years, and that may be washed or for a kind of hard-pan near the surface,
this twice or thrice.Vater ironed when soiled. this plan can bo made to succeed 1 anywhere overcome by the cost of lalior where the

may be colored with indigo, Prussian and is the cheapest and best. It water i in applied by hose. This may Uso.

red, or saffron tea, if desired. -.- mav answer well here in the clay hills of hut the practical difficulty of this
How's This I IWe West Florida Very little of our soil in system has thus far I Jl't'n the pressure: required

About Mondin offer One Hundred Dollars Reward South( and East Florida I is of this kind. to overcome the great friction met
in reducing water to a 8pn1)the dangerto
In our common sandy soil, and with a
One out of week shouldbe for of Catarrh that
day every any case can- favorableslojK. there are instances where ovr pressure on the pipes nearest the

set aside for mending in every well not be cured by I Hall's Catarrh Cure water is made to flow in a furrow or ditcha pump, the small amount of water that

regulated household, and it will he F. j. CHENEY & CO., Props., maximum distance of thirty-five feet can lie quickly applied, the limited num.-

surprising how little time it will taketo Toledo, t 0. before is swallowed up by the thirstysoil. her of spray nozzles that can bo used at
There l he instances of longer a time with a safe pressure, and, if pipeof
do in this while if We the may ,
the work have knownF.
way, undersigned, distance traveled, but they are not sufficient size and strength; is put in to
left over for several weeks it will accumulate J. Cheney for the last fifteen years, known to U8.Twothirds. allow the watering of a largo area at

until the busy housewife will and believe him perfectly honorablein of the plants in the State once, the extreme cost of the plant.

find it quite an undertaking. Torn all business transactions and financially are of the usual Great difficulties are experienced on an
surface hillside because of the '
uneven or ,
places in dresses or woolen goods able to carry out any obligationmade IHoN PIPK PLAN, unequal pressure on the pipe requiredto

should be carefully basted on paper by their firm. with a sufficient pressure from pump or maintain many spray nozzles.

and held together, then darned neatly West & 'fraux'holc&1Ie Druggists, tank to force the water through. a and For garden, lawn or flower lieds> on

with ravelings or thread the same shadeas Toledo, o.) nozzle, which are attached to hydrants which the hose system works havoc by
along the pipe| at intervals of about one the force of the stream the sprinkler system -
the goods. Articles that do not Walding, Kinnan & Marvin, Whole. hundred feet. has no equal. Inmostjif the hose

have to be washed may be neatly repaired sale Druggists, Toledo, (). Next in order is" .the sprinkler system, systems, however, spray nozzle can be

by rubbing a little mucilage on Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken inter- heloro mcntimicu in tins' report The attached to the hose, while the pump or

a piece of the goods and pressing it nally, acting directly upon the blood sprinklers are attached to stand pipes tank i is kept at low pressure.

down with a hot iron.'hile some and mucous surfaces of the system. which generally. are placed in the square Nearly all the plants) that we have thus
between four trees, at varying heights, descrilwd in a general way, or which wo
women neglect this very nseful household Price, 7 sc. per bottle. Sold by all and reduce the water to a fine spray. know of in Florida, are small and provided

art, others go to the other extreme Druggists. Testimonials free.The Some: run them up the trunk and to the by individual parties for privateuse.

and waste much time on articles that ... top of each tree. Others make the stand Some few
pisses( movable by wooden or iron frames, : 1..AItO": PLANTS
not worth the labor and thread
are Paine Fertilizer (Ws office} at
and attach them to the pipe by lengthsof
spent on them; but as much dependson Jacksonville, at the suggestion of their hose. The sprinkler | revolve or for t'lienalllM) are being put in by corporations
New York office and tllt'irew York may notably that at Orange City
circumstances as to the value of .
he made stationary.No
agent, will inaugurate a system of cut in Volusia coont)'. This plant furnishes'
the time and the needs of the house- all chemicals after more refreshing sight can be wen water for all city and for irri-
rates on agricultural, purjKfres
holn, no directions that will suit everyone DecemlH-T l ir tli. This will !he .purely. I an on a hot, dry day in spring than and this! sys- gation. Some eight or ten miles of

can be given, and the sensible experiment. You had better take advantage tem in operation. If sprinklers pressure mains are being laid. The individual

housewife must decide what to mend of it while it ]la t14. See ad. onpage e'"l'rtluuk are sufficient and corner the of spray the j pcnetratl\grove and taps these mains, pipea his own premises,
and for water annum at (the
.MMJ. spays per
and what not to mend for herself; but -- ....r-- wets every leaf on the trees. rate of about 2o cents a bearing orange

that it is best to save time by doing it IF TOUR HACK ACUKS. Then there i is tree. Here is food for reflection for

in season goes without saying. Or you are all worn out really aoucl fur nothing Tilt CEMENT: PIPK SYKTKM: 1, capitalists, and for communities of

.-.-*- it !is general debility Try which is claimed l now to lie made to growers who might combine their Interests -
/'''UU'lllUX: niTTRits.
Homo Decoration It will cure you clcnnw your liver, and glvo withstand strong pressure from pump or and thus save money.
make home beautiful. a cnotl a$4$ tlte tank, and there are several instances of THE INDIVIDUAL EXPERIENCE
to
Try your
such use at the present time. Short committee is follows: Mr.(
but it of as
is attractive your
Cleanliness always *" KI/rfiWttttf Caa Oft stand( pi|11t't;, to which hose can he attached liacoriKiys : .''''e have a three inch artesian -
is not quite enough ; too often cleanliness W E ELIMA I C II Y I *'*/.?,bltehIAg,>,.."'./iAg. are bet in the cement l before the material well, NKJ l :J feet deep, water rises

is also bareness. Be as comfortable and ott to 6tHM.I'''t:J5br HHti"g f Boilr ncyr/A..0.rfa.Will./ hardens,and after a few days these thirteen feet above tide water; we draw

as you can. Don't buy a chair f5\ff' The American Well Works AuroralII!!! stand pipes or hydrants are as firmly set from it ten feet above tide, and have a
also, Chicaea: 111 UJi.!L. Tcs S>Jncy. N 'S W. as the cement itself. This cement pipe! flow of from txventy-five to forty gallons''
unless
it
because you think pretty you __ _u_ i system is more generally used for sub.Irrigation. wheelten
minute this turns a water
can sit comfortable in it, but chairs Metal' funnels are set in ]per ;
feet in diameter with a No. :a i Douglas
both pretty, and easy can be had at ,SPRAY small holes in the )pijw.at frequent intervals force pump attached, forcing water up

no high price. At the same time try I instead of the stand pipe or hy into a 5.000 gallon tank at an elevationof

to study furniture and make it ;: PUMPS : drants. This pipe, as all others mentioned fifty feet above tide, and have a flow
your
Don't MADE ; i is buried beneath the plow lino, and of fifty feet above tide. The beauty of
harmonize as far as possible. the funnels extending but a short distance
this arrangement is the wheel runs
buy red upholstered chairs for a room ;$ : THE DEM1N6 CO, SALEM, 0. alxive the pilC' and all covered nights; and Sundays, and all the time,

with a j reen carpet ; get your chairsof HCNION &,.HUDDELL, with earth are coarse gravelor with very little care and attention. We
WctUra ActDtl CHICAGO. ILL. I
a soft wood-brown, which will Write for Catalogue and TUCATUSC ox llrUATIJliti.i shell to keep the soil out when the have about three acres piped from the
svstem is not in use. The water is either about 200 feet and
tank apart
blend into the color of the carpet, hydrants )
C. Palmer: J II Ktreuburg. ,\ \V FrostHMablUtieil elevated slightly by tank,or flows directly use fifty-foot lengths of hose, with extension
and use a paper of soft, indistinct coloring ( i'-{ ., I from artesian wells which are on spray.. nozzle. Our object was to

that will not force itself upon Palmer Rivenburg & Company higher ground. Such tanks or reservoirs I irrigate our home acres, garden, rosebuds

your notice. For a bright, well- are sometimes made: of cement mixed shrubs and small f nuts ; and we

lighted room, good etchings or en- Successors to G. S. Palmer. with sand in proper projjortions. They are greatly, pleased, with the results of
and
indestructible, are I
gravings are the best adornments for Wholmle J Fruit and Produce Commission are practically the exi(>erim.nt.
$ made of any size desired l about as cheajvly "'\'a do not force the artesian well
the wall. Don't cover the walls with Merchants. I as of wood.

creations in hair, wax, worsted t \ or JIm /:,.,,,,. .\ rvr'f, .'rtr York, Witii| ? the owner desires to irrigate Continued' on page '.J!I.







I



!290!{) THE FLORIDA DISPATCH, FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.



It Does the Work. again, if necesssary-but he does Nuts.. mixed.. .. .. .. ... .... ............... .12

fllO RIO\ A.DISPATCH 'r.GROWtnRIIIERtf We copy from two letters received things-does them with force. He .English Walnuts...................... .14,iS
.
U 1 this week. The first is from Mr. C. finds out And Pecans ...... .... .. ..... ........ .1,1
rAAMIRS A A4SI I things by experiment. Filberts. ....... .. ........ .......... .ii
111, I C {D-'fU""U"'U LI1.p"My.i.q A. Boone, Orlando: "Am gettingmore that is the best knowledge mankind Brazil Nut.. .. ........ .. .. ...... .uMAHKET

orders than I can till and you has -
STEPHEN POWERS Editor. NOTES.'
well ad. awhile. -
may as stop my

P. O. Addre, Lawtey, Fla. The second is from Mr. F. D. Bradley VIal' JACKSONVILLE, 4\pril2..
] l\e\ s. i For the i past week the Florida Fruit
-- DeLand: "Had concluded not Exchange officers report> that they have
,
take the paper any more, as I never handled :3,939 lioxes of oranges

CONTENTS.- knew when to look for it. However, I JACKSONVILLE, FLA., April 27. Keceipta by the auction companies are

Jle&"lcaLroJlAL SOCIK"\-F rti1iutlon. .... 28. under the new management it has improved FRUITS AND VF.GtJTABI.KS. now small and sales are no longer held

Peaches and hums . .. .. .. .. .... ...... 2S. These are average quotations. Extra choice at the railroad depots| but at the oflices

G ra pes.. ... .. . .... .. ... .. .. .. .... ..... 2"5 so much that I decided to "re- lots fetch prices above top quotations, while poor of the auction companies daily.

The Xakl; Pun and Apples . .. .... ... 297Ot7R new. Enclosed find check for $2. lots Oranges tell lower.126. ..... .. .... ... .... .... .. 1.73102.25 SHIPMENTS* BY SEA.
RURAL 1I0ME-glt Biscuit; Washing ----.-- .. 150-176.... .. .. .... .... .. 1.75102.50 The steamships of the Clyde Line carried :
II 176-200 ... .... ..... ........ .. 2.00103.00 out during the week about
Ftannel..if11na; Rolls: To Clean mack An Orango Congress. .. .... ... .... ... past 4,000
Silk; Beef Ta. . .. ..... .. .. 2SS russets. 2.50103.00 1.75102.23Pomelos boxes of oranges and about 2,000 crates

Irrigation In F10rida . . .. . .. 2S9 It might be worth while for the orange Apples, fancy Baldwin..... ......... 4.50 of vegetables. The steamship of the
JDITORIAL-Index Club Rates rut of Eloquence Mr. runset ....... ........__. 4.50 Ocean Steamship CoiujKiny, sailing from
; ; growers to come up to Fla. .... ..............
Lemons, 1.50102.00
; Orange Congress................ 290 Goodsell's meeting, May 3, advertisedon .. Messina..'. .......... ........ 3.50 Savannah, had cargoes as follows: Cityof
California Oranges In England..... ....... 291 Pineapples,crate............ ...eo... 5.00 Augusta April 18, 2,930 boxes of oranges
another page. There will be no .... ....... ...........
A Vf'Sr' 1'rogress In Gardening . .. ..... 2n Bananas, bunch. 1.65 to 1.90 and 3,400)( crates of vegetables;
choice. .. ....................
Weather and Crops; Notes .. .... .... .... 293 other one, so far as we are aware. Potatoes.. sacks. .. ..... ... ... ........ 3.00*.75 City of Birmingham April 21, 7,022!
There is need of an annual Orange .. New bbl.... ............... 7.00 to 8.00 boxes of oranges and 0,0151: crates of
--- make laws. At Onions, red, bbls..................... 4.00 vegetables: ; Kansas City, April 23, 1,411
Weather In Jacksonville. Congress to everyone .. yellow ..................._...... 4.00 boxes of and 8,207 crates of
of them there will be a vast II Bermuda, imported per bu 2.25 oranges
Sweet potatoes,bbl........ ........ 1.50 vegetables; Nacoochee April 2o, -
i. I Ii '- 1.= amount of fustian and folly ventilated; Florida cabbage, bbl . .... ........ 1.75 boxen of oranges and crates of veg.
Ea.I I be = IS0 but the amount less Beets new.per too.... .. .. .......... 1.00101.50 etables. The Citof Savannah
PATE. q aAo .a.. I.1.5.. A .y.. i 0 ...:.. every year grows Carrots, dozen.. .......... ............ .25 sailingfor '
GO i I" x i. '1-: : and every year the growers get nearerto par.nip..dolen ...... .. ... ....... .35 Boston pril20, had 1)3) l>oxes of oranges
: the sound and eternal axioms Celery .. .. .. .. .. .. ............. .. .25 to .40 and 1,014 crates of vegetables.
ril.-. .... I---I--i--I Egg Plants,crate, small......... ..... 1.50 to 2.00
April 1'9.... .... II } which must control the orange busi. Beans, crate .. .. .. ................. i.00101.50 SHIPMENTS BY RAIL
April 20.1 68 75 64 II '70 2.46 Green peas, bushel .. .... .......... 1.50102.00 For the week 25 the
April 21..... .. f4 fIG it3 27 ,66 I 0.00 Cauliflower banel- Aprilu..64 1"2 79 55 U ..611 000 ness.Men will come to this Con. Tomatoes . .. ........ .. .... ....... 1.50 to 2.00 carried by rail east of Lake City
April'1 2&..... .. fi6 1'3 61 20 !171 I 0.00 up Squashes crate. ...... .. ... .. ..... 1.50 1 were estimated at 17,0001oXCS.
April 34.. .. 61 j8s 18 5S 2.5 '6s 3 0 00 gress and vote for laws, then go home CocoanuU= .. .. .. .. .. .. .... ..... 4.00 ]
11tunll. _ Peanuts, best brand .. ............. .07W MOVEMENT OF VEGETABLES.
; .. .. !165 66R.4,7tl.n59.3' : 19.:68: II. 2.54 and violate them straight away-for Strawberries .. ...... .. .. ......... $ to .10 The movement of some lines of vegetables
of sand but will
E. R. DEMAIN, Observer. they are ropes they POULTRY AND EGGS. is now very heavy. For the period

pay the penalty in their pocketbooksand Hens. . .. .. .. ................ ..... .3J to .3'-'' above mentioned the following; estimatesare
set then th y will perhaps rememberthe Roosters .... .. .... .. .. ............ .30 furnished J: Lettuce, 300 crates; beets,
Index for Broilers. .. ...... .. ......... ..... .20 to .30
1802. violated law. If one single law Turkeys, per pound .. .............. 16 to i6ic} 2,500 crates: cabbage, 56,500 crates; tomatoes
The excessive can be made to stick-the law of central Ducks. .. .. ., .. .. .. .. ....... ........... .3.5to .50 40,000 crates; squashes 950
. amount of labor: hitherto Geese. .... .. .. .... .... ................ .50 crates; cucuml>crs, 1,700 crates; beans,
occupying the editor has prevented packing-houses dawn of the Kgg,. ....... ...... ....... ........ .... .15 :3,000 crates; new notatocs, 1,100 barrels

the making of an index for last "gude time( coming will already be HAY, GRAIN, ETC.: and crat>s; i pelts, 1,750 crates; strawlwr-

year's volume, but he has! at last found on the horizon. White corn, small lots..... ...... .... ......$ 1.30 ries, ;,b00 crates; eggplants, 700 crates;
Mixed corn, .. .. ........ ..... 1.73 cauliflower 800 cmtes.TIIY. .
,
time to complete it. Every paid up We want this annual Orange Congress I \\'biteoat", ...... ...... .... ..... .. 1,85
subscriber who to legislate Brown Jones and Mixedoats. .. .. .... .... ..... ........ 1.75 VKOETABLK EXPRESS.This .
p eserves his papers Hay No. i. Timothy small lots... ...... ... 19.00 service by the Southern
will receive a copy by mail mak-- Robinson into the central packinghouse Wheat bran small lots.......... ........... JO.DO Express
upon and iron bandson \\'heatliddllngs., per ton...... ...... ....... 21.00 Company has now been in operation over
ing application therefor. A few copiesof system, to put Ground feed fresh (corn and tl), per sack three weeks. The trains urn run over the

the index for 1891 are still on hand. the trade marks of the greater of Too pounds.... .. .... .... .... .... ..... .. 1.50 Florida Central & Peninsular and the

names. Brown, Jones and Robinson Peed quantity meal per per ton.sack.. ..of....100.. ..pounds... .. ..,..1 less.. 23.00 Jacksonville, Tampa & Key West railroad

pack well and conscient ously, Rice flour, per cwt.... ..... .... .... ... .... 90 ;. They are made upat Tampa Bar-
Our Club Rates. may Pure wheat per sack of too pounds... .. 1.40 tow (or Bartow Junction) and Orlando,
but there will be fifty shades of differ- Prepared steam cooked cow feed per cwt .
Iso-pounIlI8ck.. .... ..... ... . .... 1.30 although vegetables coming, from extreme
Several times we have been com ence among them as to what consti. Prepared steam cooked horse feed, per cwt, southern points, as, for instance,

pelled to return money to old sub tutes a fancy orange, what a bright, ISO-pouni..ck.. ., .. ... ..... 1.50 Charlotte harbor aro dispatched on express
Pearl grit, per barrel 1.... .... ..... ... ...... 3.10 time until reach the l
scribers who sent $ for what a golden russet what a russet. .. they baaing
us i to pay a Pearl meal per barrel .. .. .. .. 3.10
One of these Jones' will sell fairly I well Flour best winter wheat patent.......... 5.25 |Mints. The Jacksonville, Tampa & Key
subscription. on
year's oranges Fl 'ur, extra fancy family... ............ 4.30 West train reaches LaVilla Junction
writes : "I don't see why you should sight, for what they show up, but (Half barrels, either brand 25c per barrel abut r00: u. m., but does not enter Jacksonville

discriminate between an old sub- they cannot be bought by telegraph. extra.Cotton) seed meal bright per ton.. .. .. .. 28.00 being delayed and overhauled at
scriber and fifteen old and new sub- Jones must be legislated out of exist. Dark or Sea Island cotton seed meal per the Junction for about three hours, whenit
ton... . . .. ... ... .......... ..... 23.00 again its course. At Callahan
scribers in a club. Does not our ence-taught, persuded not to pack Pure ground bone, fine, per ton ..... .. ... 33.00 pursues
know that the his the central Uoneand potash per ton .... .... .... J.5.OO it meets and is! consolidated with the
correspondent merchant own orangrs-and German bin( per ton .. .... ...... .... .... 17.00 train coming up over the Florida Central
will sell him sugar by the barrel and packing house must start the music Land' plaster. .. ..... . .. ... .. .. ....... 10.00 & Peninsular Itailroad. consolidated

nails by the keg cheaper than he will every season like a tuning-fork. Nitrate Muriate potash 34e. 2);per c per pound pound; per; per ton.ton.... .. .... 55-50.00 train runs to Jesup, where cars for the

by the pound ? Can he see any rea Brown, Jones and Robinson do not Sulphate potash 2C per pound; per ton..eo. 31.00 West are detached, while those for the
Sulphate potash 90 per cent ... ............ 55.00 North continue on to Savannah, etc. The
son why we should discriminate be. keep tune or time.
writer visited this train on the morningof
tween him and who is We believe we know-that there SEEDS, ETC.
a neighbor justas Peas Clay.. . .. . .. .. .. .. .. .... .... t.jo April 20th and found twelve cars lyingat
old a subscriber as he is, by charg has been a notable improvement in the \Vbippoorwill. . .. ... .... . i.M LaVilla Junction. It was O.OO: o'clocka.
ing $ for the mode of packing in the last five '* TO A TV.. .. .. .. .. ... .. .... ......... 1.20 m., and there were four hands
one s a year paper and years. Black Kye . .. .. .. .... ..... .... .... 1.50 negro
allowing the other to receive it for $1a The transportation companies have Red Rippers... .. .. ............ ...... 1.25 very leisurely unloading and reloading,
.. Split .. . ............... .. .... ....2.75] while their white boss sat on a box of tomatoes
year ? The dollar postal note ten- not kept up with the growers. They Beans... . . .. .... .... ............. 2.40 eating his breakfast The boxes
dered by him was promptly returned. need to be spurred up a little by .. Lima . . .... ........ .............. .2.75 in the cars not yet disturbed were in a
Pearl Cat Tall millet, per pound........ .... 200
some strong resolutions. Pity this German or Golden millet per bushel... .. 2.00 rather confuted condition, but in the cars
t meeting had not been called earlier Hungarian grass, per bushel.. .............. 2.50 repacked and to be forwarded they
Rural Branching Dhoura d........ fairy
A Pest of Eloquence. per pour 250 tiered south and with
,
to brace up the Legislature to create a White milo maize ...... 200 were up some
The Times-Union's Kaffir corn '* .. ..... ace view to ventilation.STIIAWBEHHIES..
of the Railroad Commission.Mr.
reports Amber cane or sorghum ... .... aoc
proceedings of the Legislature are Goodsell does not restrict his Alfalfa or Lucerne ..... ,.,. aoc t.
Johnson grass ......... 150 Tennessee strawberries were receivedin
daily larded with such remarks as invitations to his supporters, to the Gold seed rice (upland), per bushel.......... a.oo St. Louis April 20th, and Bold at
Genuine red rust oats" ..... .... a premium -
these: "Mr. added new lau men who intend to ship by his steam. proof 60c
over those from other sections.
White seed rice ......... 1.25
rels to those already won;" "Senator ers. Like any man of sense he is Beggar weed seed, per pound ........ ...... ..25OnOCEnIF. ; -

made a most excellent and elocjuent working for himself', first, but he is FRUIT EXCHANGE BULLETIN,

speech," etc. ad nauseam. It too broad a man not to know that the Butter gilt edge. .. .. .. .. .... ....... ... .35 JACKSONVILLE, FLA., APIIIL 25.-As
I' Cheese, full cream .. .... .. .. ....,.... .. .14 the for i Is
is refreshing to be assured, at the end growers' interests must be taken care Cheese, V4 cream ........ .............,. .12''" shipping season oranges practically
of the that the I .......... ...... .16 over, we have decided to discontinue
Senate had of for his lie will
report, "a own good. proba 'j Evaporated peach ts. .. .
... ... .. ........ .14 our bulletins for the season of
quiet, working session." The asses bly not send a ship a second time to Evaporated apples............... .. ....... .11 189':-3 with this number. Any parties
Dried paches..r................... .jo
of Job snuffed up the east wind, but London right across the face of Dried apples. .. .. ...................... .. .oS wanting further advice as to a market
the business men of Florida want Liverpool. He does some thingsrashly Currants. .. .. .. ....... ............. ... 06 for oranges will be furnished with a special
Citron. .. ... .. ......r..r.......... .16 on application.
retort
something else besides saw-grass "elo -this journal has criticized himas Prunes, Turkish...... .......s..H.1.... .14
and Raisins L. L. box.: ................*.........$1.90 Telegrams since last report giva results
quence. severely as anybody, will do so Pigs Dry. .. .. ... ...................... 13 as follows;




d



THE FLORIDA DISPATCH, FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. 291

c
--
---
1. Car No. 700 noId 1.45 to 5.00) ; average PINEAPPLE
2.97. Car No. 20 sold 1.50 to 2.95; IMUC-ES.# I is Strictly Pure White Lead the best paint?

average, 2.40. Car No. (670 sold 2.95 to NEW Told I April) 24.-The only Pineapples it will outlast all other paints, give a

30f;>>; average, 314. arriving are the Havana Strawl WhyWhy finish, better protection to the wood,

2. Sale today 1.80( to:3.20 l berry and they ire in demand at 8.00 to first cost will be less.
; average.2.03.
21.00.) April 19. 1L.: (ioodoell
3. Car sold! today at 2.00 to 3.00 sold at Barytes and other adulterants of white
average
2.84. ; auction 15,811: Havana: pines at .01 to lead are "just at. good" as Strictly Pure White Lead, why are all the

4. 1.0701)xl"tUloltl at 1.2.'it03.J.i: He each. April 21, 1,910 Havana pines adulterated white leads always branded Pure, or "Strictly Pure White Lead?"
today ; at ,4i2 to .U832} t ,cli.: St. Louis fair This Barytes is a heavy white
average, 2.26. Sold 300 boxes, all rail at I. powder (ground stone), having the appearance
1.85' to 2.85;; 2.26. fruit. offerings and demand 2.00 to 2.25 J per of white lead, worthless as a paint, costing only about a cent a pound, and is
2.75:; to average Grains dozen for choice ; 2.75: to :3.00()() for fanc,'. only used to cheapen the mixture.
3.R7 for boxes
and 4.75 to 8.00 for
)barrels. Chicago small, |per daze-n, 1.75: to 2.00{); What shoddy is to cloth Barytes is to paint. Be careful to use only
choice, 2.75 to :3.00( ); fancy, :3.25:! to :3.50.:; old and standard brands of
-


AUCTION 8ALEH.. CALIFORNIA ORANOKS IN ENOLANII.) Strictly Pure White Lead
E. I 140 xxlsell, New York :
Editor! Partner and Fruit Grower;

April H.Brights, 2.00to 2.90; russet, Ilefering to an article in your issue i "" of ANCHOR (Cincinnati* RED SEAL 1.95to3.H: ( ); poor quality, 110 to 19:;; the 1st. inst.' further ( ) KENTUCKY (Louisville) '
information
Tangerine, halve*, 1.35.: some SOUTHERN (St. Louis and Chicago) ATLANTIC (New York)
relative to the Ca ifornia oranges which "COLLIER"St. Louis) JEWETT" (New York)

Same April :21.! -Orange* 95o to :a.|.K 1.| went to l EuroKj| : may l he of interest to "Old
are strictly pure, Dutch" process brands, established by a lifetime of use.
Sgolwl & I Day New York : your readers. For colors use National Lead Co.'s Pure White Lead Tinting Colors with

April 19.-Florida oranges, 1.25 to 3.05; The first car went" forward from here Strictly Pure White Lead.

grape fruit 95c to 2.10. per) "Tent .nic. was in perfect shajH For sale by the most reliable dealers in paints everywhere.

Same when it started and arrived in Liveri ool If you are going to paint it will pay you to send to us for a book containing informa-
April 20-Orange, 1.40 to :3,95): ; in initially, prime condition. Alxmt one- lion that may save you many dollar ; it will only cost you a postal card to do so.
fruit 2.50 to 3.54.:; ,
grape thin of the car"aK sent forward to

:Market Auction, Philadelphia : London, where it averaged :!.s(3.30)and(: ) NATIONAL LEAD CO.,

April 17.-One car California oranges, the fruit in LiverjxK oI! sold as follows : i Broadway, New York.

1.45:) to 2.10; two cars Florida orange, 90s, 19s, ((4.75)112x>>); 21s to :21s! ((:i,50() to I

Indian rivers, 2.00 to 3.75, other fruit, 6,00):126x) () 25Hd (6i7t21: ); 150s() 21.* to
is finished before the and the for
it
1.20 to :3.35. 2:"w, ((0.00 to 0.25): ). Although this fruit 1'tcilIc virtually necessity\ upon high, Randy
I coat State could possibly reach soil. Two objects were borne in m hill.
as Messrs." L. Connolly & IV .
Same April 20.-Two car loads Florida did come to New York in ) wrote you, Liverpool. We believe Liverpool to be 1st.. The prevention of a total loss of
a
orange. (, Indian riven, :3.05 to 4.55; other refrigerator decidedly the l>est market of all the markets tho orane u in seasons! of drouth.
fruit 1.15) to :3.25. car never, there would was have no ice done in the to have car, and taken it of (Great Britain; and! when the time 2nd. Its full\ development in seasomsof

South Water Street, Chicago : any kind of fruit from an iced refrigerator comes for cargoes to go from your Stateto unequal distribution of the rain-fall.
shall advise that Some
April 12.-California need lings, 50c car and put it into the hold of a England we strongly
thee he bent to Liver ool.SUOIIEL .
>
to 1.93.Sande: steamer. As a matter of fact it did not cargoes { & 1 Bat.New FIFTY lUlUGATINd 1'LANTS

April 1U..nIiCorniu seedlings go into the hold of a steamer hut went York, April i5.Continued. were visited and reports from as many
,
70c to 1.05.LJVKWOOL( into the upper between-deeks, where it _. ''I more obtained. From practical exx rience -
-
had ventilation. We have so\ far sent and as the result of these investigations -

live car loads of these Washington Navel from. ItaKe:89... I the following observations are
--- -------- -- --- ---- -
1500:; ( boxes, all from the made. We do not them all
., April )15.: -We con II rm our orange say water into the tank, as we found the dignify as
Earl Fruit Co., of Southern. California conci usions. Some( them
last reports and now l beg to advise you water contained ts() much mineral matter I lHithoe were
and all sent to Messrs. L. & Co. not inducements to in this
Connolly butatp1y
that this week: we have had three carloads that it blanched the leaves of our roses put plant,
Liverpool.Ve have acted l in the rather to the method of
of Californian Navel simply using it.
orange on and some) other plants; but drove a well I
our markets and sales as follows matter a* friends to both parties and! They are inserted here us milestones to
resort : through) the ix>ttom of this wheel pit ten
Car |Kr"Britannic Steani8hip282 boxes, have been glad to give the proi er attention feet into the ground, and attached the guide the future wayfarer, mindful of
to the fruit and to do share the fact that of the
fair order 12s lid. Car our towards some measurements
gross average pump to that. Thi8.1'.to\t. on is great,
J ."Emma" Steamship, 290 boxen, fair seeing that it arrived abroad in and we know but little of it. My plant may not bo found accurate, viz.: Irrigated -

order, gross average 12* 6d. Car per good shajKv( cost me about $((3N;( ), and I am pleased : groves show greater growth in the

'Teutonic Steamship, :300() boxes' very I The prices obtained for that Unit car with it; but when you come to irrigate early season when the growth is especially
were wonderfully high and ) cannot desirable. The fruit Is made toset
condition indeed, us naturally
txxir gross average; ten, twenty-five or fifty acres, that is
xisMbly l IN maintained. We do better and is
lOtI. ( not dropping prevented.
else. It i is estimated that oneinch
something
know what the second carload sold for The fruit t'urlit'r.a"el
We are afraid that the unfortunate result as of water on an acre weighs 100 rip| ens treeshave
of the last carload will dishearten cable reports were sent from Liverpool I to tons and we think high lands need at in many instances been made to

hhin.pen| ; still if the condition of the California direct and not through us; but lesiht two inches each week. Now what bear by the free use of water about
fruit had been in we know that it did not arrive in as blooming: time. No injurious effect wan
any way satisfactorywe will) it cost to it there? Half irrigation
sound condition the first lot of put found to the of fruit.If .
could have shown sinular result to a* orange certainly does not A little an quality irrigated
did, and we from this that : pay. there l he danger of damage to tho
presume
the previous shipments market i
a* our Know water is worms than useless, it brings. then)0tlet
in very good shape and owing to the they sold lower. $ to the surface today to Ixj shipping qualities of fruit (nun excessive

lighter shipments from Spain and the We have forwarded several lots of scorched tomorrow."A moisture it can be avoided by care. The
Florida to Messrs. I I. Connolly & same intelligence is required in irrigation
oranges
finishing of the Jaffa crop we are looking water nlant'costs tin much to make
forward to increased l price Co., of Liverpool!, this season under orders many mlista es. We want to 'know we ax misapplication of flortilizer and other

I. CONNOLLY. &, Co. from the Florida Fruit l Exchange, are right i and then ahead.' grove work
g go
and have always l been glad to do our .
Mr. Hamlin. of committee has WIIKN: TO IRKIUATK.

' NEW YORK, April 25.-Orange*, Indian share in advancing the interests of our for some time hail: su your{>ervision' of a Water should be applied. from the middle !
and Halifax Rivers 3.00 to 5.00 many friends in your State, and we
other
; TWEXNY-F1VE ACHE. HOSE SYSTEM. of March to the close of tho dry bcason. -
bright, 3.00 to 3.50; russet, 2.50: to ::1.00; shall always be glad to do the Saonefor At other times only enough should
t grapefruit 3.00 to 4.00. Strawberries anybody in Florida who wishes to for John 1)) Stetson, of DeI and. This
In used! !' to ) the leaves from curling
Florida 15 to 20 cents Charleston forward oranges to our friends in Liverpool system has not !keen wholly satisfactory, keel
; fancy, or fruit nppin It is not advisable
20 to 30 cents; prime, 1 15 to :20 cents, and we claim none stand higher in because of lack of sufllcient water, and to apply- water to the leaves in tho
that market than Messrs. L. Connolly because the lateral Piles| were too small,
North Carolina, 18 to 20. Potato, Florida hot sun of noonday. The )ply
& Co. whom have known and) worked and! it is l larger
,5.00 to 7.00. Asparagus, Charleston we now being replaced by a should In* ample or irrigation should not

colfftsal, 7.00 to 8.00; prime. 5.00 to 6.00; with for over twenty years.It plm 1mt. The present source of water supply be uttemtt>cl. It is questionable whether
is everything, we ''Maim in having i is a lake fed by living springs located
North Carolina prime 4.00 to (0.00; Virginia from a Jeep well with water fifty or
agents in this city to properly superintend more than a mile from some of the orange -
6.00 Florida
4.00 to beets SOc
; to more feet from the surface, irrigation. b
the transferring of the fruit, toselect groves. The area to IHJ watered is
barrel Charleston 4.00
to 7.00
1.00 a ; i>er practicable or profitable Grove mains
the fastest steamers: and to t see ah out two hundred and fifty acres.
bunches Charleston
2 00
100 ; cabbage, should. not ho less than four-inch and
to 3.00; Savannah 1 2.00 to .6)."''5; Florida I that the fruit is placed: in the best {part The pumping station of brick is at the laterals not less" than two and one-half
of those where it will obtain lake. In it is tubular boiler of
1.75 to 2.25:! ; pea*, Savannah, 75c to 1.00() ; steamers, a eighty inch pipe. Large; boiler and pump is
the ventilation, because onlyin horse wer, and a ICxlO!.jx10 Worthington -
Charleston, 1.00() to 1.50(); lettuce, Charles necessary po| true economy.

ton 1.00 to 1.75:>>; Florida, 1.00 to 1.75: ; this way can the fruit arrive abroadin pump, capable of lifting 800 gal- TUE AMOUNT OF MOISTURE.
Ions minute. An additional
Norfolk 1.00 to 1.50; kale 50c to 1.00: good HhajK' ; I IKT pump
The that California fruit : will be added when is com evaporated by treealmost
1.00 to 1.25; radishes, North expenses on orange ; passes
elevate
spinach ) were as follows: Freight from California )letetl. The water is into a comprehension. In few groves of largo
Carolina and Norfolk, 50c( to 1.00;squash,
50c : to New York. N 71 ric |per l IKX; cartage lOO.OOO-gallon() ()() iron tank, which is elevated trees can much moisture be found at
to 75c; string beans, wax, 4.00 to ;.00;
:too here, 4c& ; our eompenssltion.|> 5c: and eighty feet on an iron truss. Watercan any time far down among' the roots. It
green, to 4.00; tomatoe, 2.00 to 3.00;
cukw, 3.00 to 5.00. freight) to IAverixoltoe.} : The California also IK? pumf>ed directly into the matters not how far apart the trees aro

box is! n little smaller than the. Florida main. The tank affords water for spraying set, there is dry earth under them. There

PALMER, Rivit. titno fc Co. box, and! actually measure 20x12x12; and all other purjxises desired, with- has not been suilicient rain-fall for I**t

consequently the ocean freight is5c: a l box out running' the nump every day. An I results for several years. Whether thisis

ST. Lorn, April 24.-New potatOes, )eras than is charged on a box of Florida eightinch main is run to the several j caused by the great forest depletion or

1.75 to 2.00 box; new onions, 1.75 to 2.00 orange groves to IHJ irri '1tl..l. The grove mainsare how long it will continue is not known,

sack; cabbage New Orleans, 3.00; Flor As we said before, we shall always lx : six and four inch, and the laterals two. but the best remedy that is available is

ida, 2.00..() to 2.75:;; Mobile, 2.50 to 2.75; to- glad to push the interest of Florida in and one-half inch Two inch bydrauta I. irrigation. It i is questionable whether

matow, 1.50:( to 3.00 per 0-basket carrier; the foreign markets, and to do everything are located from 100 to 125:! feet voting) trees demand artificial watering.

peaa. 2.26 to 2.50 bushel; bean,;, 2.50 to in our power to aid! the growers in apart. But few of the groves are yet Irrigated land holds the moisture better

2.73! green and wax; egg plant, 2.50 dozen; HO forwarding the fruit that profitableprices fully pijxHl. The entire plant will cost.. anti more readily catches and retains the

cukes, choice, 75c to 1.00 (dozen; cauli- may IMJ the result. from $10,000 to 150,000.: () fertilizing elements of the atmosphere.

!lower,Southern,2.75:) t03.00dozon'; beets There is! no competition between Florida Before expenditure was determined Fertilizers applied and the minerals of

;$ to 40c dozen bunches; squash 1.00 box, orange and California oranges in upon careful investigation was made the soil are rendered immediately available .

P. M.klEkV & Co, I[England, simply bvcause the fruit from as to the result of irrigation in the State, The fertilizing elements contain








i



202 THE FLORIDA DISPATCH, FARMER AND FRUITGROWER.ed .


I
In the water itself can only be determined I lower lands but has been a benefit to concerned this method has not proven

by analysis, but are likely to exiJo'll those on higher ground. advantageous. BENTON & UPSONJACKSONVILLE

here, as well as in California and else Owing to the shortage of vegetable
THE CULTURRof
where. It may IKJ feasible to apply cruly. in the North the prices so far have
muddy or thick mucky water lyr means been good. While we do not wish to the tomato is simple. The soil best FhA.,

of pumjH similar to those< in use in mines again cover the subject treated last year adapted to its culture is of a sandy nature -

and which lift pebbles and even pieces of wo want to say a few words further as to !! not rich. Do not fertilize highly IRRIGATINGMACHINERY 'I
with an ammoniated fertilizer. This
rock. Water cannot be deluded) l uponto
take the J place>> of fertilizers. THE IiniLMUDA ONION. will, if used, cause an excessive growthof

WATKK: IS AN INSDCT1CIDK>> Many growers have found! it diflicult vine and comparatively little fruit,
much of which will
to mature their before the "Hlum i" be rough and
to some extent and can he so used.! Some in crop the, II cracked. We prefer for tomatoes a fertilizer .
price comes. The maturity of
conceived the of 'in-
have plan
growers containing a large percentage of ,
onion
can be hastened" I by a slight sacri-
troducing insecticide into the feed pipeof >> potash. This
makes
l I lice of size in this manner: When the the vines morefruitul. o'1'II
Um pump by carefully guaged taps.\ .1 I bulb has reached the most salable size gives smooth fruit, and puts the
and contend that the results are as good tomato in a condition to stand shipment
(three inches in diameter) take a light Steam and Horse Power.
as from the application of stronger t so sculllc hue and side of the far better than those on which ordinary
along
run one
lutions. A patent has been applied for fertilizer is
below the bulb off onehalfof vegetable; used. We had a
row cutting
covering a method of introducing insecticide tlu marked example of the value of potashin
roots. The of tho roots
into the pipes and applying it to cutting stopping the rotting and cracking last Brass
nozzles stops the growing of the bull anti the Pipe, Pipe Fitting,
of
the trees by means spntv attached summer. In n crop of Ponderosa
tops) will die down in the 'same manner growing
to the hose. Hy this means so I with for seed purpO&"t4 the fruit was rotting Valve Hose Etc.
as complete maturity.A ,
little water can he forced through the before
badly maturing. Wo tried
method which the Bermuda
I by can
nozzle: that it is claimed the t solution can the experiment| of an application of >ot-
i WRITE FOR
he had in December( and i is this: ESTIMATES.
economically IK kept "strong enough for I Obtain seed and for January in ash to each plant and in a short time the
()w sets February
all practical *. Even if this! plan reduced
purnee rotting was more than one-half.
and March. Let them until Juno.
does not prove feasible, it is! no mean I ,grow When ready for transplanting in the four feet apart. For each ron double
item to have water always in the groveor Crush the tops by rolling). a barrel over open field the plants should be taken furrow should( bo plowed out. This furrow -
them take and cun'mltl let stand upcarefully
in
up should IK filled with the
in partly compost
orchard for use spraying by
present disturbing the roots( as little as
methods. In gardening and the a dry ,place>> until Scptemlwr, when they possible. Take up as much soil with the oranyother fertilizer used, with the
should) he Tho onions from
planted out. addition of one quart of coarse salt to
raising of small fruits irrigation is in- plant as can IK done conveniently.It .
these will mature in Decemlwr and
din|>ensable.,.; for by means of water the. sots requires but little cultivation beyond C'"ert'ixt)" feet of row. The furrowshould
WHisons! art lengthened and damage by I January.Florida: This! can only bo done with cooping tho ground. free from weeds and then he filled up to within two or

frost ran usually be repaired. grown bl't.4"TIIF. ;ross. When the vines have attained three inchesof the surf ace of tho ground.
There The collar of the 'plant should beset even
are I1KAX: reasonable size pinch off the ends to give
tho with the top of the furrow, If the soil
more strength to fruiting.The
SOME; FA1LUHESreported
as a vegetable crop is a very important picking and packing of the tomatorecluir."tJ is dry at the time of setting water thor-
by those who have water plants, one, es|ccially in the southern con ntles. To oughly.In .
but this i is", due in most to the in- great care. pick the proper|
!
cases
Improved>> >> strains of the Refugee and time considerable 'five or.ftix weeks the plants should
: requires oxxrienco.
pufllciencv of water or machinery and, Vaentines of the green iMxlded i variety For Northern shipments the | tomato l 1)0 handled straightening tho plants and
to frosts or other local causes.! It must" I and the Kidney Wax are the varieties should IK when! it shows pressing the soil up around each. As they
picked a *
l ho remembered that the problem of irrigation 1. Yosemite yel should IK
principally' : Wax. the low cast which indicates its J.rohUlkin done and IHJ
concerns present conditions and mammotl. of the wax bush bean is would advise that IK maturity.Wo done frequently, for if neglected the
they wrapped in
not conditions which may in future 1 hc' rapidly) coming into favor but the high tissue celery I Income>> tough and stringy anti

avoided, as for instance, the wider planting price of the !seed has as yet kepi nmiivfrom Ship only iPti smooth' \fruit "eri- free carefully.from will not blanch ,tProlerly.The | .

of orchard trees. planting it. The pods of this! cracks Careful "New Celery Culture," of which
or specks. packing >>
Your committee hesitates to advise! the variety are from twelve l sixteen inches with the tomato than I paysbetter much has been said, would not do on our
other
growers in Florida what should be done long, are of excellent quality and stand vegetable. any lands: without very high,. fertilization and

regarding the question of irrigation in shipment well. One of the greatest The tomato in Florida is troubled con irrigation. This now method is to plant
anv individualcase.. Ho must first of drawbacks in the culture of l>cans: esiK'ciallv Kidl'rahhwith celery so close that it will completelyshade
all think for himself l fore he takes the of the wax variety is! the "pod similar rot, which is caused by a the stalks, the celery thus blanching
I fungus! growth to the one causing
first step. An eminent writer in California blight" or "ru&t." This dilliculty can IMS rust on h'ans. The formula givenfor I itself) without Kinking. So far as ouroltfervntion

says that this question must lwanswered overcome h h)' the tollowin that is used has gone tho only' place where
to with
advantage
bv due regard for t several con- First, plant>,> on well drained soil. I the tomato. great we believe this new method to be practicable -

ditions. "First the average local rainfall Second', plant thinly in order to give at present is on the sub-irrigated

: second the character of the soil plenty of l light and air. CELEUY. vegetable farms in St. Johns county.

and subsoil : third, the situation and environment Third, gather all diseased |MXH and At the Ormond meeting we incidentally The market for celery is from March let

of the ground on which the burn the'ii.Fourth called attention to the value of to July 1st. The prices obtained last year

product is to I IM ,crown: : fourth, the kind mix and dust on the leaves celery as a market crop) and to the fact ranged (rom $3 3 to $Ilo per lox of thirty

of .product which it is desired) to pro- this preparation: Four j IN.mrHI< of /llower that there was nocomj'>>>etition from other roots. There is noonoof the otherSouth-

duce.*' of sulphur eight 'itounds of air slacked States at the time of the maturity of the ern States that can successfully compete \

As to lime,one jKmnd( wheat, flour. Florida crop. Its culture is! getting heI with us in this product. Is this not an

THE: COMMITTEE AS INDIVIDUALS>)> "'e are indebted to Dr. Battle of the I, yond the experimental stage. and we look opi>ortunity for some of our wide-awake

no oneof us would hesitate for a moment North Carolina ex}>criiuent station for for it to become one of the principal/ vegetable vegetable growers on the lower lands?

after what we know and have seen and the above>> formula. Many claims have crops of Florida within the next -

read, to invest in a water plant, if we IKHMI made: of rust proof ,varieties but few years.The After reading the foregoing Mr.( Hastings
hail the moans at our dhgK osal. none are absolutely free (rom it, although land best adapted to its culture is added a few hints derived from his

An ideal home in South| Florida for a Wardell's Kidney Wax is quite tho damp flat woods with clay sub-soil own experience. In shipping tomatoesthe

man of moderate means is! a comforable exempt. This' disease is a fungus growth eighteen inches to two feet below the important point was to gather them
house and barn with water in and its development. ia often acceleratedby surface. The land should IK thoroughlyprewired at thurigimt stage. If green on reaching

room. A vegetable and flower garden every cultivating the ground when wet before planting, having the market they would not sell, I if gathered

gladdens, our heart and palate day with rain or dew. It often develops in soil thoroughly pulverized and free from the least too advanced they would not

in the A well kept i lawn.every An or- tr11msit, when) the beans have l hoN roots and trash. For the best paying carry. The time in the season had something -

chard.year.with accompanying patch of 'packed: wet. I B.'nnK can IK easily dried crop}>> the seed) should bo sown in August. totlo with it, they must he pulledgreener

small fruits which never fail to produce bv rolling gently on a woolen blanket Many have great difliculty in germinating late than early. Shaking generally
absorbing moisture that bo celery seed during the hot weather. he them
abundant >s. A pasturo for the horse any may on picked when they first
and cow which cmp| is ever How can the |xxls. In picking great care should( The seed beds>> should bo co"ered-for l began to show color-but no general rule '

these things l lost l 1.0 brought green. alxmt on bo taken, not to break the plant nor ills.turl shade and for proh'Ction-from beating could l be laid down the grower must beJru.erned
soil like ) the roots. Pack the crates firmly. rain storms. For this by his judgment.
ours? This! man must
1811,1anMwpr for himself!every' but sooner or Next to the cabbage crop in iminst IK>SO we prefer to use the Pant lie had not succeeded in blanching

Inter it will be seen" that intensive farming ance to our State is bed cloth instead of covering tho seeds celery satisfactorily by tho boarding up
with soil after We woultiach.iso method in this
sowing. climate. Earthing
is the up
only farming that wit1I pay.A TillToI.TO.: .
the grower to obtain a quantityof gave him a tenderer stalk and better
.
--- -- It is easily grown in any part i : of Florida sphagnum[ moss and cut or chop it up color. He )had abundant water, to the

Year's Progress in Gardening- but the bulk of the market crop ingrown as fine as )1)S. ihle. Sift this over the seed use of which he attributed his freedom

[Report| of Committee on Vegetables :; in Polk, Manatee, Hrevard, Lake, IKH! to the depth of one inch and water from rust, which 'troubled many, when
Lee and 1 Dado counties. In localities tlloroug;imly. The sjmgnum acts somewhat the earthing up plan was followed.
Mr. H. G.
prepared by Hastings, comparatively free (rout frost we believeit like a tponge,, in itscajmcity to hold lie gave an interesting account of his

of Interlachen. after consultations to IK the most profitable crop>> grown. moisture and will not require watering success in growing English cucumbers.

Mr. T. H. Hastings, of Hastings, The time of planting in the different I more than once in two or three days. In The seed was usually imported as tho

Florida, read by the latter before the localities must JK determined h)" the the use of this there is no drying out or plant bore no seed unless fertilized for

annual meeting of the State Horticultural planter he knowing best what, the clanger baking of the soil and being of a spongy the purpose{ ; he had raised his own seed
from frost iM.Pntill''cry. nature the tender seeds can ush and found it equal to the imported.
Society, Pensacola.] |possible danger of frost is their way through it. Plants should, beset I

The meeting of tho society coining a past we would advise that a goal stockof in the open ground from October 15 Many' Persons arc broken

month earlier than usual makes it impossible young plants be kept growing in thoM to December 15.: The fertilizer recom- down from overwork or household care

l to give the results of many interesting I beds. In case of an unexpected frostyou mended by one of the most successful JJrowiiVs Iron Bitten Rebuild*thaijitcm

experiments that are being can then plant in the open field immediately celery growers of Bradford county is a I Rids dlgertion, 'emoycj excess or bile
conducted) ) this spring with the differentvecretables. anti l he far ahead l of your com- comjKJst, of cow manure, cotton seed and cure malaria t.c* tho genulao.CD .

IK'titors who have neglected this. meal, soft phosphate} and sulphate of

This year as a whole has l been the most A few growers.; plant the seed in the ]>otash. I T EVAPORATOR

favorable. for vegetable growing that we open ground where tho plants are tn CULTIVATION.The I HV1 ,

have had for manY'f'ar8. The excessive stand, thinning out to the strongest young plants should be set six The Mtn4ard HAchla
rainfall has tho but far Diffmst ill. ad p rt.... niittru4 CattUcu .r...
plants results
Injured some crops on so as practical are inches apart in the row-the rows to be THC BLYMYKK IHQX WOKK*CO*<-1Mtu.",.O.



.


.





THE FLORIDA DISPATCH, FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER. 293 .

-

]VEiseelIai\eous\' \ Touch stains on mahogany: rose- in twenty minutes; if boiled too long "CENT-A-WORD" COLUMN.To .

wood or walnut with a feather dippedin it looses flavor along with some of its l
">-S > 1>*"SX>i'N<"* > V'\X % W'NXN \ >*"W>N*"
WEATHER spirits of niter diluted.A delicate mineral qualities which ren- insure insertion in this column, adnrtsements *

AND CROPS. pint of varnish mixed with a der it so valuable.' It may be served Advertisement must be accompanied must not by exceed the money.fifty word

For tho Week Ending April 24, bucket of whitewash is excellent for merely with melted butter on top, but Postage Count Stamps every word received,including in payment.name and. address.
1803. if is used it should be made with .
kitchen ceilings. :MAUD[ S. sauce -- ------- ----- --- "
Western District Weather fair and some of the water in which it wa's' FOR SALK-Thoroughbred Dull Terrier pupa
cool during the week on tho 10th As far as possible brush mattings or "Princess'7 by **FriUM combining
except boiled because it has absorbed
some some of the best blood in America. Nice of
lengthwise of the grain will be pupsat
and they
20th
f when a heavy gale accompanied ; weeks old Also
of the flavor and wholesome qualities.MRS. to }; one pointer pup (lour
by severe thunder storms and heavy cleaner and less worn than when months old, f to. Address R. 11. HULL, Bradford-
falls of rain and hail occurred. The brushed across. BAYARD TAYLOR. vile, Fla.. 4-JS-Jt_
wind reached a velocity of 57 miles from Northern market gardeners are --- '----- etic
the west, at Ptiuncola on the 20th, and Old paint and varnish may be re- that EGG FOR FatwsSt.HATCH("Nicholas.NO of fifteen va-
learning "second-crop" 454t
lightning; struck the water tower at moved by an emulsion formed of two potatoes -
from the South the best seed for
Palmetto Bench; damage; $;100. The rain parts of ammonia shaken up with one are WANTKD-3oo thrifty Grape Fruit Seedlings.
was needed] and will do much good, hut of turpentine. It will soften themso growing potatoes (for the early market. inches in diameter. Give location
part and price f o. b. to J. H. BOMBBRGBR,
the violence than North.
attending its fall wan injurious They mature a crop sooner Fla.
they easily be scraped off. Upsala it
to crabs, csJ'Cian cotton, corn, may ern seed, but I doubt whether they ----- --- ----.---.---- ---
truck and fruit. The wind and hail Calf's liver is excellent when would so desirable for a main T7ING ORANGE TRKHS AND DUDSwanted.State .
caused the destruction of considerable broiled. Parboil it a moment by prove AV age of buds and size, for a quantity,
young fruit places and the heavy rains crop, probably being less productive.As say &x>. w. G. BEDFORD, Courtney, Indian
soil pouring) boiling water on it wipe it River, Fla.
; this does be settled
washed the I The night; were not seem to a
usually cool and light; frost is rejK>rted dry, dip it in melted butter, dredge point, 1 will test the matter for my own
from flohnea The sunshine for with flour, and broil over a clear fire. The Kansas
county. land and report to your re t
Crop the week generally was fully are reported up to the to average.l he in a Brass may be brightened without I. seed cost me very little more than Ni r,h- Incorporated by the State.

flourishing condition, and in some sec much labor thus: Put half a cup each ern seed,the price being $3.25 a barrel. For Catalogue address J. II. WATTLK3,. D. V.
of whiting and cold water in a bottle One these S., 310 I*. Twelfth street.WANTIWsooo .
tions, much above the average. highest ; wanting "second-crop" .. .
-- -
temperature 88; lowest, 4J! ; mean, add an ounce of ammonia; shake well; potatoes has to hunt for them, and the -- -

(IKJj):I; average rain fall 4.42 inches. wet a flannel cloth with this and rub growers would certainly increase their Villa Franca Lock Box Lemon 353,Crescent nudlon

Northern istrict-lIiJdl southeast brass and silverware.The sales in the City, Fla. 4.23.11WK
by advertising Country
winds the _
on 10th followed by a heavy o
Houthwcfct gale on the 20th accompanied( woman who lies awake half the Gentleman and other farm journals. have 5,000 Haiti Tardiffand Mediterra.nean .

by excessive rains, hail and severe thun- night planning her housecleaning for Some of the seed is very small, beingno branched, sweet Sweet stock bnds, at, 5 30 to cents 8 feet Other high varies, welt

derstorms. At Jacksonville the wind next day, fails to do justice to it or larger than our culls, but it sends He cheap. Write for price list.
blew at the rate of sixty miles an hour LAMB KKOION NURSERY Co.,
for two minutes und 1.70 inches of rain herself. A good night's sleep would up vigorous sprouts. The Early 4-8-61 Auburndale, Fla

fell in one hour. enable her to make better plans and Beauty of Ilebron 'second-crop" is -- ----

Treed were uprooted, fences blown carry them out satisfactorily.When popular in the North. TILGHMAN'3) CONDITION POWDHRS will
*
make any animal eat and grow fat. They hare
down and other slight damage; done but driving in a nail on which to 4 no equal for chickens and are a sure cure for
no property| ? was injured to any great BROWN'S IRON BITTERS salt nick cattle. For sale everywhere in Florida.
extent Considerable damage was done hang a picture the plastering often sample packages sent by mafljfor 33 cents. W.

to crops, fruit and timber at lake City breaks so badly that it will not hold. Cures Dyspepsia, Indigestion G. TILGIIMAN. I'alatka, Fla. 1.,8-l2t

and some fowls were killed by hail. The Fill the hole with plaster of Paris & Debility. WANTED TO TRADK.-Good Strawberry

heavy rains were injurious to Homo mixed with water, place the nail inposition for a good Horse and Wagon. Address -
slight Box 26, Lawtey, Fla.
on low lands, but excepting' the a 0 a 0 0 ao 0 I 4841I
and hold it there until the
damage resulting from washing' and --- --- -- ---

flooding in places the rain was very beneficial plaster hardens.A flLOR i A.DIPATCH I WILL send my book, telling how to have stock
tC'ROWZA anyone
to crops| .generally and put the neighbor says there is more good I for one dollar and guarantee it a success. If any
soil in good condition. There was about money in sight in the growing of Irish RU rsAnlRSsutsNClk purchaser is not satisfied with the information I
the usual amount of sunshine for this 'AR'I ER' ..L.igh..up will return the money and they may keep the
time of year. Highest temperature, 82; potatoes than any other product of the ittaA Aa>.<.IM. book. W. G._ TILO11MAN,1'alalka, Fla. 4-I-st
Florida. FJatwoods land when ------ -- -- -
.lowest 40; menu. CO( : average rainfall, soil in --- -
3.08. drained be made S. POWERS, Publisher. EGYPTIAN QUF.HN sucKims-First- properly can as ... .. ._ **
--- -- --- -- in every particular; fifteen thousand for tale
Central DistrictThe rainfall was profitable as a gold mine in raising on dock at Eden; July delivery; price, reasona
TiilMS: OF SIJHSCIIIPTIONFor
much lighter; than in the western and ble on application. ST. GEORGE RATMBORNB
northern |>ortions of the State, only one these indispensable tubers. A hint to One Year ... .. .... ...... ...............f'.oo Beulah Place, Eden, on Indian River Fla. 4-1-51

station reporting more than one inch of the wise is sufficient. For Six Months...... .... .... .... ...... ..... i.oo ---

rain. It was Cnlrl"tn distributed and THE..: FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT In Foreign Countries ..... ...... ...... ...... 3.00 PAKTRIDGl, layer COCHINS Kggs, Pennsylvania for batching Prixe for

beneficial to all crops and groves. Temperature GROWER, under the able managementof C3fSul>scriptions in all cases cash in '3. W. S.. FUNK.. Lawtey. Fla. 3-.a3-6l
-------- -- -- -
slightly deficient Sunshine nth'allce.0 discount allowed on one's --
average. High winds on 20th did slight its editor, has come out of its embarrassments own sul>scription(except in a club), but to ) TRHF.S; -Handsomest Ornamental
with flying colors and v Shade Tree out A. J. UKACII & $ox. Pa-
damage in places. Crop and groves all agents. a. liberal cab 1 commission will latka, Fla.
doing well but would bo benefited by greatly improved in appearance. Its l ho allowed on all subscriptions obtained _.._ ___ u __ 3-a5-yt

more rain. Highest temperature 1)3) ; matter is well up to the standard, by them. Write for terms. FINK AD AKA and RIPLKY QUHKN pine
lowest, 45: ; mean, 70; rainfall, plant Write toll. L DEEMAN, Or-
average
of hach.Southern which is scarcely susceptible of improvement. 5 copies(and one copy free (0 I mo's), $ T.fiO lando. Fla. 3-a3*$t

,50 an .-Hernando News. 11" . . . . . . 12..,0 -
District. The rains in
heavy 16 . . . . . 1 15.00) A NItW CASH RF.GISTHR for Its; a I v) Force
portions of the district on the 15th and Good Rye Bread: Set a/Jronge as I Pump lor spraying orange tree |j GERMAN
16th were very beneficial to the truckingand These may he either new or old, and. I URUO STORK, Jack'onville, Fla. 4-S-st
pineapple interests., Lighter. local for wheat bread, then thicken very may IK collected from any number of

rains have occured since. Temperature stiff with rye Hour, using more salt than postofllces, if the remittance is in a lump I FLORIDA'S advantages for small investment,
and sunshine conditions favorable. Bulk for wheat bread. Use buttermilk for sum see "Real Kstate Journal," Arcadia, Fla.
with
$.00 per year: sample, state map. to cents423I
of tomato crop has been shipi>ed. Highest wetting, if you have it. Mold[ the To every new subscriber or clul>-raiscr >tt
we will send, jxwtpaid, a of Whitner's --- -- -
86 lowest 111 ; copy
temperature, ; ; mean,
loaves smooth and set to rise rub the
74; average rainfall, 1.21 inches. ; "Gardening in Florida' or :Moore's"Orange \ \" PIGF.ONS-Bought.; sold and eichanged.Write .
E. It. I DKMAIX) : I Director. top with a piece of salt pork to makea ; Culture." for what you want. Stamp for reply
GR Fla.
LLOYD ANT, Lady Lake,
Hates of 7-2-521
Bake in hot I advertising on .
crisp! crust. a oven. application.
.... ------------
-1. I
Save of the afterevery Remittances should 1.0 mat e by check, t'RSHRY STOCK. All varieties
a piece rye dough N leading sweet
Paper pails are light and durable, for the time letter note money order or registered oranges on tour stocks fine,healthy, cheap.
the thing for household use. making rising next ; to order of HRNEST BOVNTON: Archer, Fla. 3-tl-14tHAi.L'S
just ... ..
put it in a crock, cover with water and F.I JtMIJt Axn rnviT autumn.Jacksonville. h
Never build a fire in a newly pa- in cool RODS AND COMPASSK& are
set a place. Fla.
instruments made for prospectors,min-
until the has had
percd room paper directions for tn and treasure seekers. Address P. & St.AOENCV. .
These boilingfish --
general ---
time to dry.Clean I' Box 13. Backmanville, 111.2Ht:
answer for all kinds: Any fresh 1 -. --
-
cane-seated chairs by turn- fish weighing between four and six KNOWING our Soft Phosphate to be a valuable

ing them upside down, and spongingin after being washed in cold and for the purpose of giving;
pounds, farmer and fruit grower a chance to test it at
hot water. water should be wrapped in a piece of small cost we will deliver it f. o. b. car in JOG-
I ..-.... .....' pound sacks at 60 cents per sack. Cow Lass&JORDAN
Clean gilt t picture frames with rain muslin and tied or pinned to keep it t-----.,. -- ._. FERTILIZER Co., Bartow, Fla. m-as-t4t

water in which has been dissolvedsome in shape, then dropped into boiling 'ir w.w.H.OJJaUl..tt.i. : -- -- -- -

it containingone FOR SALK for C'alh.lIme or t.adeoranlte groves,
sulphur. water enough to cover ,
AN OHIO MAN and timber lands. K. RDULEV, Keuka,
Clean and brighten carpets by tablespoonful of salt. A tablespoonful Fla. 3.16t.

wiping with a cloth wrung from of vinegar may also be added, WAS FIRSTto ---- -- .

ammonia and water, after they have: as it makes the fish flake more readily. report that his Page Fence had outlived the ,TUB grown UNKNOWN Have grown PKA.-The them for best several Caw year Pea

been beaten and put down. Simmer gently for half an hour. A first set of posts which were oak. lie adds that f 1.50 per bushel W. H. MANN.
he has now substituted Tennesee Red Cedar and 4- -tf Mann( ville, Putnam Co., Fla.
than six pounds \
fish more
Wash marble with a sponge or chamois weighing his fence is bttter than when new. The April
wet in should cook five minutes. "Hustler" gives hit report in full. Send for free ORANGE POMELO and LBMON DUD WOOD,
warm soft water, then wipe PAtEVOVEN WIRE FENCE CO., Lull line of Citrus Fruit Trees for sale
dry. Asparagus, if tender, ought to cook Arian, Mlcb. 1 It MAGNOLIA NVialEBelleriew, Pla. 4-15-51

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204 THE FLORIDA DISPATCH FARMER AND FRUITGROWER.Shortest. .

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l S. B. HUBBARCOMPANY,1 -



'

JACKSONVILLE, FLA.


HARDWARE AND STOVES,


DOORS, SASH, BLINDS, PAINTS, OILS AND VARNISH.

M6''v MILL SU1.'."'LlltS.

We are State .We Have "OUR RELIABLE INCUBATOR"

rr uickest. Agents One<< nd Twoe HOUSE HAY RAKES I'Columbian Will be In constant Exposition operation The inwt at the practical World's
HorseBUCKEYE
1 machine ever offered' the Miitltry fratf'mlty.I .
In stock. ;Sf'n"Ie stanijM} for descriptive : '". IT
f 11 ion.f (I /"' tread. I WILL PAY YOtT. "40YartUof High Class
I'oult0' Illustrate! ,)
Most Attractive MOWERS .a.. The 6 foot Is suitable ERfei;: Reliable: Incubator & Brooder Co.;

M ; : for use:< In QUINCY ILLINOIS.

I .1 cotnjdrte tock of ORANGE GROVES. .
ROUTE
Jfoirrr and -

BETWEEN It Factory:;: ;;J'rlrr hand.at Write for Prices. FAIR AND SQUARE
PRINTKD
WE CARRY A COMPLETE STOCK OF THE FAMOUS
Florida Points and the North.
"TEXAS RANGE PI..O'VS," FRUIT WRAPPERS

THE A full Line of Itrpalra' fur Same. ,

Acme Orange Grove and Two-Horse Pulverizing Harrows, the Boy
Florida Central and Put up In package of 1,000;every sheet numbered
Dixie Cast Plows, and a full line of Farm and Agricultural Implement consecutively' to 1,000.

of all descriptions. Agents for the Planet Jr. Horse and Hand Tools, sold Low Price Good Work. Full Count

Peninsular at factory prices. Send for catalogues. Iff --- THE JERSEY CITY PRINTING CO.,

VIA Montgomery: St.,Jersey City,N...J.'

biKE CITY, MNCON JAMAICA, or INDIAN SORREL,

INN IIlaINIITO (Hibiscus Sabdariffa)
Produce -'-

___ The Finest Jelly and Sauce

Nashville, St. Louis and ChicagoWith a Resembling that of Cranberriea.la .

but one change of sleepers, connects ezcedingly: productive and a dozen will suf.
also at Atlanta for NEW YOltK and KANSAS r s fice for a family.
CITThe Florida Central and Peninsularhas d
nearly TUO miles of track running throughthe Plant about biG feet apart,and from next October
to January reap your reward.
Tobacco 1tr bona, : One dozen securely packed and<< sent, postpaid,
Stock j."r,1 Dairy Section' ,
Peach and Stratcbcrry La ml*, for 500;one hundred securely packed and sent

Orange j'Io.llt'II, Itanana and. Pineapple Country .. postpaid,for f j.

Jla thf Affrrr. ."ilrh.nllff .. Reasoner Bros.,
Other l-'lnr SceneryThf .
Great ONKCO,FLA.
Hunting Country.
Jtmchr the Xotrd t'tuhhtff. ? ((1round, \ [L1J[ -WWi" '_ - --
Has the beat lands for tillage. greatest variety -- ITO'VV "to G.a..o"rPINEAPPLES
of soils in the State,and above all
LETCH WHEEL
AND
PLNETR. HOUSE' Holt WITH LEVER
Runs over the Central Rldgeland
Where It Is High and Healthy. -
Prosperous towns fill Its route and<< It offers
the best freight facilities for any Produce to IRRIGATING MACHINERYBOTH
the Northern markets Send for the popular

sonar STEAM, HORSE AND HAND POWER.
"MY FLORIDA HOME." Growing Pineapples(la one of the moat profits
with its spirited words and beautiful music Carry a stock of Steam Pumps, Boilers
descriptive of an actual Florida Home and ble industries in the country. Bend to cents In
which is gotten up In cletront style-Six pages y Wrought and Galvanized Pipe, Valves.
of full sized first muftlc paper| ,containing also : stamps fur pamphlet giving full partlculata of
a picturtMif a home In Florida and a hunting/ Fittings,Hose, Etc. Estimates furnishedfor
eene. It Is mailed on receipt of 10 cents(In method of culture and profits.
stamps to pay expense of distribution.)) Plants put in complete and guar-
Send<< also for the best man of Florida(sent JOHN ASPINWALL
free) and note the towns on 1U rout<>. $ anteed satisfactory. Hand Spraying ,
A. O. MAODONKLM) I' A.,
Jacksonville, Fla. Pumps of every description. Send for ITDMSHKIt; ,

The Florida Central & J Catalogue of How and When to Spray. EAU GALLIE, INDIAN_. RIVER-- FLA.-

Nozzles, Pipe, etc., made to order in our

Peninsular R. R. Co. machine shop. FRUIT TREESSOUTHERN

Offers to ShippersThe FOR
ORCHARDS.
Shortest( and Quickest Route .
N Write for Catalogue and price list.
IIETWEEN: JENNINGS' NURSERY CO..
FLORIDA AND ALL POINTS IN Thom..IU", (I*.
.
THE EAST AND WEST. X"' n
]I s Geo. S. Hacker & Son.MAKCrACTUKEKS
? l
With Improved' Ventilated (Cars this comIvany .
la better equipped than ever ever to
the Orange) and Vegetable Crape. ,and i iIBMIrt' OF
eliMte cxmnerUons" and prompt despatchto ,
all Basteru and Western )lark<>t8. a m.c
M.I
Through oars to destination with- -
out change or delay. 00Q =

Perishable freight followed) by whe and ..0
shlpj*rs adviti.Ml l time lftSt'ln'arloul/ junction I UJg
points and arrival at dent nation. ,'
All claims for overcharges and loss prompt i:

adjusted. .... -
!
See that your goods are marked .Y4 1 Oa
via F. C. & P. R. R. AGENTS FOR S.

For Information call on or address the Undersigned I O'ES'' S "EA.'I. .I.:>>U DS. O :-:J
: O '..
C. f:. TA YLOlt.Tra,'. A'gt Ocala, Fla.1v All Letter Answered the Pay they are llecelved. Q +.+w.wss. GQ
U. Tl'C KU.04.0 A'g1,Orlando Fla. ..a
O. M. 1IOLDKN,Trav. A gt. I."{esburg, Fla.1v .
U. FLf LLKIl.Tn,'. AVt 4 Tampa }''Ia THE S. B. HUBBARD COMPANY
And Building Material.OHARLERTOM
OrN.S. I'ENN INGTON,Traffic Manager, .
Jacksonville Fte.W. .
U. FLEASANT3a n ri Jr"'Jht lit i JACKSONVILLE. FLA. 8. D.I .



THE FLORIDA DISPATCH, FARMEU AND FRUIT GROWE1";, 295



SAVANNAH LINE.Time Clyde Steamship Co.


53 to 55 hours between Savannah, New York and Philadelphia, and --
NEW YORK CHARJjESTQN flHf
between Boston and Savannah, 65 to 70 hours. FboqIDllIINES.

"-"

OCEAN STEAMSHIP COMPANY. ..,_ 'J', :':J!1 .

i ..1td ;- .
]

.. .,
I -- ---- -- --
... u ...... .
l"o."c.o: ; I c..tOM'

Between Jacksonville and New York: Flnt-<:I..., $25.60 ; Intermediate, $19.00; Excursion, {43.50;
Steerage, $12.50.
Jacksonville and Boston : Cabin $%7.00; Intermediate 'n.ooj; Excursion $47.30; Steerage, f 14.'! -. f ,r
The magnificent Steamships of this Company are appointed to mil as follows: P ur

FROM SAVANNAH TO NEW YORK. The magnificent Steamships of this Line are appointed
[Central or 90 Meridian Time.] to sail as follows, calling at Charleston, S. C.,

Kansaa City..... ........ ...... .... ................................Tuellday.l'l.y' :2d: both ways :
Naroorhr.. ........ ... ............ ................. ............... ...Friday, May' 5th 7.oop.m 8.ooa.m (STANDARD TIME.)
City of Augusta...... ................... ... ........... /........... ... Sunday. May\ 7th 7.30 a.m From New York From Jacksonville,
City of lilrmlDKliam... ....... ...... .............................Tuesday, May\ 9th 12.00 n'n (Pier 29 l K. R.) STKAMF.R Florida.
Kansas fit)'... ...... .............................. .................. Friday May' lath, 3.00 p.m Friday, Apr. lath at 3 p tu...... .. .." I ROQUOI "...... ....Thursday" 4that 7 oam
X.l'oo'I1. .......... ... .............................. ..... ...... ..... Sunday, May\ Nth, ".oo..m Tuesday, May 3d, at 3 ni."CIiHkOKHR" ..... Sunday, May\ ;th, at 9:30am:
C'ltyuf Augusta t .... ..................,.......... ................... .Tuesday, May\ ifith, 6.00 p.m Friday May 5th, at 3 pm..ALGOSQUIN..H ...Tbuf'1k1ay.l\ayuthatuJOpm\
City of lllrtnliiKliam. ..........;................. ......... .... ....... .Friday, May' lyth, 8.ooa.m Tuesday May\ 9th, at 3 pm....... .. "IROOUOIS"..... ...Sunday. Mayuth.at 2 JO P m
Kansas ( .......................... .. ....... .... ....... Sunday May' 2lat, lo.ooa.nl Friday. May nth, at 3 p m."CIIEROKHE.Thur ay. May i8th, at 63oa: m
.n
Nacnorht. .... ............ ..... ........................... ...........Tuesday, May\ ajd, 12.30 Tuesday, May\ i6th at 3 p m........ "ALGONQUIN",.... Sunday. May 21't, at 93oa mFrklay.
City of Augusta . . ........ .................. .... ... .. .Friday, May a6th. 3.oop.m p.m I May 9th, at 3 pm. .. .....,-IROQUOIS..... .. ... Thursday May 2jth, at IXIOp m
City of Illrmlngliaiii. ............................... .... ..............Sunday, May\ 26th, ".00 a.m Tuesday, May 23d. at 3 p ni..... .. "CIIKROKKK" .... ... Sunday May\ 23th, at 1:30: pm
Kansas City.......... ............................ .................Tuesday, May joth, 530 p.m Friday May 26th, at 3 pm....... ."ALGONQUIN,".... ....Thursday. June t"t. at 5:30: a tit
Tuesday, May\ 3oth at 3 p m. .. ... ."IROQUOIS" .. . Sunday, June 4th, at 7oa: m
FROM SAVANNAH TO BOSTON.. _.
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of Savannah...................................................Thursday May\ 4th, 7.30
Gaffe City..... ............ ........................ ...... ..............Thursday, May II tho 2.00 p.m p.m ST. JOHNS RIVER LINE.For
City of Pat,annall... ...... ......... .... ... .. ... .......... .. .. .Thursday May' 18th, 7.30a.m .
Gate City...... . .................... . .. ...... ... ..... . .Thursday, May' 25th J.oop.ra
Sanford, Enterprise and Intermediate Points on
FROM SAVANNAH TO PHILADELPHIA.This the St. Johns River.
( Ship does NOT Carry Passengers.) -

Drssoug .............................. .......................... .Saturday, May 7th <0.30< a.m The elegant Iron Side Wheel Steamers
Dftssoug.. .............................................. ............ Wednesday May\ 17th 6.30p.m "City: of Jaelr; ontv311e "
Desftoui................................................... .. .. .. ........ Saturday May\ ajtb, 3.30 p.m ,
Capt. W. A. SHAW.

THESE PALACE STEAMERS, I1'.I..ecl"Je DeJ3nl... ,"
Capt. LEO VOGEL.
Connecting with the Savannah Florida and Western Railway (Waycross Short Line), offer to the Are appointed to sail from Jacksonville daily except Saturday, at 3.30 p. m., and from Sanford
Traveling Public and Shippers advantages equalled by no other line. daily except Sunday,at 9 a. m.
Through Ticket and Dills ol Lading issued to principal point. North, East and Northwest via
General and Ticket Office 88 West St. Jacksonville
Savannah. For information and rooms apply to Passenger Bay ,
B. R. PRICK Soliciting Agent, W. II. LUCAS Fla. Pass. Agent JOHN I.. 1IOWAKD. Florida Freight Agent, foot Laura Street Jacksonville Fla.
77 West Hay Street, Jacksonville. 77 West Bay Street l Jacksonville F. M. IKON.MONUKIC: Jr., Florida Passenger Agent, 83 West Bay St., Jacksonville, Fla.
R. L. WALKER Agent C. G.ANDKRSON, Agent MAHSIIALI II. CI.YDi::, Assistant Traffic Manager Bowling Green New 'ork.n' .
New Pier No. 33. North River New York. City Exchange Building Savannah Oa F. OCiliKN: PAY. Traveling Passenger. Agent 88 W. Bay Street, Jacksonville Fla.
RICHARDSON & BARNARD. Agents, Lewis' Wharf Boston. TII EO.: O. KUKIl: : Traffic Manager Bowling Green New York.J. .
W. L. JAMES, Agent 13 S. Third Street Philadelphia.J. A. L.KSLIK: :, Superintendent foot Laura Street Pia.WM. .
D. IIASHAGKN, Eastern Agent, SaY., Fla. k Western Ry. Co., 261
A. DeW. SAMPSON General Agent W. K. ARNOLD Gen. Tray. Pass. Agt., Jacksonville, pta P. CLYDE & CO., Gen'l Agents,
306 Washington sU, HoMon. W. II. RHHTT. Genera! Agent,
/ For Tickets apply to S.. P. & W Railway office. 317 Broadway New York 13 South Urlatvar Avenue, l'hllailHttilit.. 5 Howling Green, Now York.

--


IMPORTANT MEETING OF ORANGE GROWERSI



Please note that Wednesday, May 3d. at 10 A. M.( in Metropolitan( I Hall, No. 17 East Bay Street, Jacksonville, there will bo

held a most important meeting to those engaged in orange growing in Florida. Prominent growers have been invited to address tho

meeting. The }principal questions that will bo discussed and action taken upon are given below and are of vital importance to Florida's

interests.

First. Whether organization on business principles will not tend( to better tho present stato of affairs and realize more money

for each )Oenr's crop.

Second. Tho exporting of oranges to England, and whether tho project is to bo furthered and supported. In the event it is

the voice of tho majority present favoring this, I propose to go to England at once, in order to more satisfactorily arrange details for tho

steamers, shipping and marketing the oranges next fall.
.
Third. The present freight charges, and the best course to I persuo to obtain lower rates.

Fourth. Tho building of Packing Houses in localities where they are needed, if sufficient support is promised. .

Fifth. Trade Marks or Brands. and their importance ; tho necessity of every grower adopting one, and a full explanation as to

their value.

Sixth. Iistribution of the coming crop, and how it can be done to better results for shippers.All .

railroads and transportation lines have agreed to I make a special 1 low rate for the round-trip tickets ; and tickets will bo

for sale to all growers and shippers only at the different R. It. Ticket Offices on and after May 2(1( and good to return until May 5th. A

collation will be served to all attending the meeting at noon. In order that we may know how many to provide for, please send word by

mail as to the intention to attend this meeting, and also if there will be a desire to say a few words on the questions under discussion.

There will be on display at the meeting boxes of Sicily oranges and lemons to show tho State of perfection reached) l in grading

and packing in Europe, and copies of lithograph;? used to ornament boxes.

For any further information regarding tho meeting please address

E. L. GOODSELL,

94 West Bay Street, Jacksonville, Fla '

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:296 THE FLORIDA. DISPATCH, FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.. '. ._



CUT RATES ON FERTILIZERS AND FERTILIZER MATERIALS.

----

The P>**"">' "Pi.****-Hr Company, in order to increase extensively their business! in the State of Florida, have: decided to make

enormous cuts on au ruu jut\ AND FERTILIZER MATERIALS. They have a large quantity of all fertilizer materials: in stock at Jacksonville,

having laid in- a full supply ot Sulphate of Potash, German Kainit, Nitrate of Soda, Animal Hone, (Blood and. Bone, Acid. Phosphate, Dissolved Bone,

O. S. G. Lime, etc., of the very highest grade, in the very best mechanical condition.
They commence their big cuts on fertilizer materials on December 15th, and there tuts will 1m of such :a large nature that it will prlctically:

place their goods beyond competition as regards prices. 'rho praIil of their materials is known.. ton well to he of the very' highest standing allli

giving the very highest tests and} 'aluations. Bringing their g00t18 down in large quantities: schooner) and nt reduced freight rates, and handling

them practically without any costs for drayage, and their storage facilities being of such an excellent nature, having both water facilities and a private

track connected with all the railroads, they are prepared to name prices at which others could. not possibly: do business at a profit, as they are branch

ing out into Southern, Eastern and) Northern territory and increasing their business' to a wonderful.. extent, they intend giving Florida buyers' all [the

benefits of greatly reduced prices. and low purchases, they having contracted for the bulk of their goods last spring when the market ranged from

ffl\ to $2.50 per ton less than tIle present quotations.

Remember these cuts commence December 15th and may stop at any time therefore lutrttox willing, to buy at cut rate should! (1011111... their inquiries at once. They will never
again be able to buy Fertilizers at the.1*!* exceedingly low prices unless'" this company should again take tt notion' to cut the prices u thing which is seldom done in fertilizer business,it
being attempted for the first time by this.enterp rising company" as a trial and as an advertisement.
Address all communications to *y
TafclE: PAINE I FERTILIZER I COMPANY,
50 West llay" Street, viueMPIo.\ ., or to :35 11 road way. New York City or to Mettsr. Walsh &: Crugin SjK 1 ,clal 1 .tgente,18 Franklin Street Now York City.


JOHN L. MARVIN, J. P. TALIAFERRO,
President. Vice-President.
H. T. BAYA. THOS. W. CONRAD, '
Cashier. Assistant Cashier. f'
CAPITAL $100,000.


THE MERCHANTS'' NATIONAL BANK,, Bowkefs H


JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA,
Grower.
Orange
* Respectfully solicits your Deposits, Collections and General

Banking Business.CORRESPOND .

t-i FIRM FRUIT that holds on until it is
: I BRIGHT
INVITED.DI121 "
; a strong, healthy, vigorous growth of !
C'i'OIt>I-1' y both and fruit the results
tree are reported by large
John I L. Marvin, A. B. Campbell, Chas.' Marvin,
Jas. P. Tallaferro, T. W. Roby, Judge R. B. Archibald. and experienced planters in Florida who arc using
Clarkson, C. B. Rogers, W. M. Davidson,
W. B.
this Fertilizer. It the the
Dr. H. Robinson. John E. Hartrldge. popular supplies to tree at

-.. -- -- -- --- proper time, in the proper form, and in the proper

proportions, all the elements to bring perfect, healthy
TO ALL BUYERS i
.. P ,
4 i: OF maturity.

4. HOWKEK'S VEGETABLE GROWER and BOWKER'S To- ,
FANCY POULTRY
; IJACCO GROWER are also special complete Fertilizers,

,, ', ATTENTION I. carefully and scientifically compounded for the'purposes
A mentioned, and are extensively used in Florida. DowKHlt'S 1 1i
IIKRKAFTKR all fowls dent
a+ il from my yards, by express/ i SQUARE BRAND BONE AND POTASH is a happy
/ "" wi 1 co at one-half the former combination for those requiring these ingredients. !
*14 rates- great saving to my customers.
This is by special arrangement .I i Chemicals at market rates.
1' and U confined, to
:fowls from my yard I
We are the largest breeder ol l Send for Illustrated Catalogue, Free.
thoroughbred poultry in Florida.'

? :. ..Come for our and illustrated ee our catalogue tock or send tad I 1 BOWKER FERTILIZER l A. M. BOND, CENT. AGENT,
price list of 14 varltties. COMPANY. J SAVANNAH, GEORGIA.
Poultry supplies of all kind }
I Incubators and Brooders Shell
''- .. and Bone Mills, Clover Cutters .
i Wire Netting,Desiccated Fllh tn4Boiled --w-_ -
t : Blood and Bone to make
/ hens lay. 1 _
------ --- 4
EGGS TO HATCH. USE ONLY FERTILIZER

? ; E. w. AMSDENJ$1 Manufactured by the

--- : -ate' Ormond, Itli.. ,' L. B. Darling Fertilizer Co.
----- ---- --- -- .'JGUOCERS i

JOHN CLARK SON & CO. ,
OF PAWTUCKET, R. I.

NO OTHERS GIVE EQUAL RESULTS. 4
AND COMMISSION MEllCllANTS
0. B. WEEKS, State Agent, Jacksonville, Fla.,

No. 8. llostwlck lllock, Corner Hay anil.Maln Streets
IN-
-DHALHRS send for lorket Memoranda -Hook."BEACH -. __ ... w

Coal, Hay, Grain, Wines, Liquors, Cigars, Tobacco, Etc.
& VALENTINE
.JACJ 4Oti TILT+I3f FLA. ,
w
9
---- -- --
IMPORTERS OF NEW AND CHOICE 1
.
ruici LIST or "'IIiSKEY..r.

Parker...................................91 75Or : .)Iartln It'e.:1: 00
HIIRO Valley........................... 3 OOMuring Virginia. dlatles ....... 4 OO
Valley..... ..................... 3 5O Old llourbon........,...... a oo Pineapple Plants from the West Indies
North Carolina Corn.................. :3 :5O Kentucky Sour Marsh .... ...... a OO
Clifton Club ..... ............... Old Maker.................. ......... S 00
Mont rune 1'elret.$0 00
Jut Keats: One gallon ajc.; two gallon,joe.; three gallon,jc. Remit!by Dolt office[money Correspondence solicited. r
order,check or registered letter. We cannot ship C.O.D. to dry towns.A .
complete price list of Groceries,and Wine List tent free on application.

JOHN CLARK, SON & CO. MELBOURNE, FLA.

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Florida Farmer i Fruit-Grower.




__ A
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.
C rove and Orchard.: (ar and upper roots reached the dis lemon stock extolled it highly for t generally attributed it to the thrips.He .
ease at all, they might be servicable in its qualities of imparting rapidity of I had found nothing that would kill

Oranflo Culture. stopping the girdling process, but it growth, vigor, and exemption from' the latter ; he dropped some in a sul

At the recent meeting of the State seemed to him clear that this was not disease. No one seemed to know i phur wash but they crawled out.

Horticultural Society, at Pensacola, I the seat 01 the trouble but a second. whether it was ever attacked by foot I Major heal)' said the insectecide

the Committee on Citrus Fruits made 'ary symptom merely. The fibrous roots rot or not. known as thrip juice if diluted with

no report, but the subject was taken were first destroyed, then came the Prof. Swingle called attention to the water i to 800, would kill an orange
up in regular order and in the some exudation at the collar and subse fact that the stock commonly used in branch, but had no effect on the

what discursive discussion of the quent dying of top and roots. He India was unknown here. He thought thrips.Professor.

subject, which was mainly confinedto did not think a tree having space en there was a field for development in Webber said the thrips did

orange culture, many points of in- ough and surrounded by congenial con. experimenting with untried speciesfor no other than mechanical 1 injury to

terest were brought out. We give ditions of soil would be attacked, and stocks. the blossoms ; they were simply thereto .

some of these as taken by our re thought the supplying of these con Irving Keck, of Bowling Green get honey.
porter. ditionsby the removal of the tree or (Polk county) said several groves in .I SPRAYING.

The account of the Sub-Tropical its neighbors-or otherwise, would his section had been made by buddingon Professor Swingle thought the

Station, at.Eustis, and its objects given work a cure, if not too far gone. The lemon cuttings, which were after growers were not thorough enough in
by Messrs. Swingle and Webber, tree must be induced to go to making wards planted where the tree was to spraying. In spraying for fungus you

professors in charge, brought up the fibrous roots; when it begins to do this stand. They grow rapidly and bear must get all, and the same is true of

subjects of foot-rot and blight, he thought it safe. early. In this way one obtained trees red spider. Such spraying as is us

as they have begun, as their first He said he understood the plan of on lemon roots without running any ually given orange trees would not do
work, an exhaustive investigation into removal had been tried for foot-rot in risk of the stock being killed by cold. for black rot in grapes. lie had been

these diseases. the famous Gillen grove at DeLand, In his country these were called "pat obliged to use as much as thirty gal.
and as Mr. A. G. Hamlin, the man ent" trees, because a Mr.( Rowell, who Ions on a single orange tree in orderto
FOOT ROT. ager for the present owner John B. introduced the plan, had secured a reach all the insects.HASTENING .

Prof. Swingle said their experimentsat Stetson, was present, he should like to patent on some of the instruments he MATURITY.Mr. .
Eustis had not progressed far enough hear the used in the but there ( \\'
a report as to result. process, was S. Hart, of Hawks Park,
to enable them to form any .rltE nothing to prevent the application of stated that one application of eight
OLD CILLEN GROVE.
opinion as to the cause, or remedy for the principle by anyone. pounds of bi-sulphate of soda and one-
this disease. In Europe, where the Mr. Hamlin said he attributed the. fourth pound arseniate of lime dissolvedin

disease had prevailed for years, and foot-rot to excessive applications of m.iGin. fifty gallons of water made in Sep
where, at the time, the trees in large stable manure and cottonseed meal. Prof. Webber said, in response to tember, had colored up the fruit and

orang'? producing sections had been Close planting may have something to inquiries, that what had been said con. sweetened the juice, giving the interior

almost destroyed by it, careful inves- do with it. The trees were 16 or 18 cerning the investigation of foot-rot at a ripe appearance and a taste like

tigation covering a long period had years old. Every-other tree had been Eustis, applied equally to blight. that of the Sweet Seville. Some of

not revealed the cause, and the efficiency taken out and set in grove. This had They could not expect results for some the fruit was burned or spotted by the
' of the various remedies here been done eighteen months. The time. It would be impossible to tell application.

had not been very clearly determined, trees left were making fibrous roots, whether- it. was-. contagious. .until. the. MAIIIMTY TO COLD.
though it was probable some of them and those reset were growing satisfac- germ of the disease could be found, It seemed to be the undivided
had been of benefit. It would be a torly. The latter had been cut backto isolated and inoculated into a healthytree. of
opinion the orange growers present
number of years before results could stumps, and were kept well water- As a means of precaution, that fruit liable
a rusty was more to
the and until established where it appears in new sections, the
be expected from experiments ed by an irrigation injury from cold than bright, and thata
Eustis that of disease had trees should be destroyed at once.
investigation begun at plant. Signs nearly I degree of cold that would not hurt
would enable them to speak with any disappeared, both in old grov and i Prof. Swingle said there were an would
bright oranges damage rusty
thentic cases where trees set on the
degree of certainty.The new although time enough had not fruit, the injury being in proportionto
only preventive found in elapsed to enable him to speak with very spot from which a blighted tree the darkness of the color. An orange
Europe (and he believed the experience certainty as to the result.E. had been taken, had survived twelve side and
rusty on one bright on
here was in the same line), was Bean, of Jacksonville, thought.I years, showing no signs of disease. the other, would be badly damaged on
the use of stocks not liable to be attacked the disease the result of insect attack. lie had not seen blight on trees one side, while the other remained

by the disease. The European He cited an instance of cure by the younger than seven 'cars-it usually I uninjured. This greatly increased the

growers, whose trees were originally saturation of the soil with Eureka i attacks old trees. importance of spraying, making it a

almost entirely on sweet stocks, had insecticide (a sulphur solution), in a i INSKCTECIDES. means of frost protection to the fruit.

largely reestablished their groves on grove of 500 trees which were badly Major( G. P. Heal)', of Jaffary (Vo- FROST PROTECTION.
what is known here as sour stocks. affected. There had been no returnof lusia found that wash
county) sulphur Mr. Hart said he had ascertainedby
When this had been done had the disease three
they although years
effective mite it destroyed
rust
was against ; experience the past winter that
recovered immediately from the dis had elapsed. lie was satisfied it wasa the with and
insect
certainty under: certain conditions bright fruit
ease, as the sour tree is seldom attacked root disease and thought the same would make the fruit in
any grove would stand a temperature of 19 and
if at all.1'iEtiVS. tree of blight. bright if followed up regularly. He be full of ice and yet sell for $2.75per

OF A. II. MANVILLK. Prof. Swingle did not think blight, had found it advisable to use two gal box, the dealers in market pro.

A. H. Manville, of Denver, said he like foot rot, a root disease as the lons of wash to fifty gallons of water ; nouncing them uninjured upon ex-
I former begins working at the top, this would kill .
had tried the sulphurous acid, tar and anything a stronger -- ----
while the latter shows itself first in the
solution would. He a aaa
sulphur wash remedies on different sprayed once a
roots. month March( and ( "WOBTH A GUINEA A BOX." I ;
sections of an i8-}.ear old seedling during April May,
grove set r8 feet apart, but he couldsee In response to the suggestion that and twice a month during June, July
foot-rot might be caused by attacks of and Sleepy. |
no difference in the result. He September.
had removed the earth from the crown anguitlula, he said he thought not. lie could not kill red spider with '
f ,
he and Prof. Webber had nun drowsy J
and large roots of all the trees, and Although sulphur wash ; it disappeared but im- ;( the day time! < |
the result in a section which had no found this, or an insect closely akin to mediately recovered.Mr. a good
it, on orange roots-it was of rare oc -W1 Iff hts sleep,i
other treatment than this, did not differ Hamlin said he absolutely con ,
currence. t trolled mite but he did find re'* Indt es-\
from that obtained from these various rust not ,
and stomach
!
applications He thought the STOCKS. sulphur solution any more effective f .
disease constitutional, if the term The subject of stocks came up in than water upon the red spider. It

might be used in this connection, and connection with'foot.rot as affordinga disappeared after applications of either, i EECHAM'S

that the tree was predisposed to it by means of exemption from its attack. but immediately returned. He found, li

bad conditions of some sort, resulting Most of the growers present were of however, that the more thorough the by remorin -the Waiter >
in ma1.nutrition. This bad condition the opinion that the sour stock was applications the longer the exemption.He i I P ILLci matter the vrhkh system is clemIntr will- \ \>

might be too close planting, standingwater not liable to attack, the few who asked the cause of the splotchesor 1 OP ttllBlll tt.i.iiuvXerrous
\
disorders and ulll
qukilf \
rt-
In the soil, over and improper claimed sour stocks were sometimes 'war maps" which ruin t'..e appearance Elite Sick Headache. < '
fertilization, or something else. He affected admitting that the cases were of so many otherwise fancy Qt all druggists. Price H cent a box.
New York & Canal : IN
Depot Su
dfd.not think applications to the.col- rare. Those who had tried the rough oranges. The growers in his section ) $ "b.



wt. d'1 i :
.,, :JY




10


.


Florida Farmer i Fruit-Grower. '




_._
--- ---
--- -- ---
.
C rove and Qttct aItd. lar and upper roots reached the dis lemon stock extolled it highly for'! generally attributed it to the thrips.He .
ease at all, they might be servicable in its qualities of imparting rapidity of I had found nothing that woujd kill

Orange Culturo. stopping the girdling process, but it growth, vigor, and exemption from the latter ; he dropped some in a sul

At the recent meeting of the State seemed to him clear that this was not disease. No one seemed to know phur wash but they crawled out.

Horticultural Society, at Pensacola, the seat of the trouble, but a second. whether it was ever attacked by foot Major Healy said the insectecide

the Committee on Citrus Fruits madeno ary symptom merely. The fibrous roots rot or not. known as thrip juice, if diluted with

report, but the subject was taken were first destroyed, then came the Prof. Swingle called attention to the water i to 800, would kill an orange
up in regular order and in the some- exudation at the collar and subse fact that the stock commonly used in branch, but had no effect on the

what discursive discussion of the quent dying of top and roots. lie India was unknown here. He thought thrips.

subject, which was mainly confinedto did not think a tree having space en there was a field for development in Professor Webber said the thrips did

culture, points of in- ough and surrounded by congenial con. experimenting with untried speciesfor no other than mechanical injury to
terest orange were brought many out. We give ditions of soil would be attacked, and stocks. the blossoms ; they were simply thereto

some of these as taken by our re r thought the supplying of these conditions Irving Keck, of Bowling Green i get honey.
I -by the removal of the tree or (Polk county) said several groves in SPRAYING.Professor .
porter. its otherwise would his section had been nnde
The account of the Sub-Tropical neighbors-or by buddingon Swingle thought the
Station, at.Eustis, and its objects given work a cure, if not too far gone. The lemon cuttings, which were after growers were not thorough enough in
by Messrs. Swingle and Webber, tree must be induced to go to making wards planted where the tree was to spraying. In spraying for fungus you

professors in charge, brought the fibrous roots; when it begins to do this stand. They grow rapidly and bear must get all, and the same is true of
I up he it safe. In this obtained red Such is
subjects of foot-rot and blight, thought early. way) one treeson spider. spraying as usually
as they have begun, as their first He said he understood the plan of lemon roots without running any given orange trees would not door
work, an exhaustive investigation into removal had been tried for foot rot in risk of the stock being killed by cold. ( black rot in grapes. He had been

these diseases. the famous Gillen grove at DeLand, In his country these were called "pat. I obliged to use as much as thirty gal
and as Mr. A. G. Hamlin, the man ent" trees, because a Mr.[ Rowell, who' Ions on a single orange tree in orderto
FOOT ROT. ager for the present owner, John B. introduced the plan, had secured a reach all the insects.

Prof. Swingle said their experimentsat Stetson, was present, he should like to patent on some of the instruments he HASTENING MATURITY.Mr. .

Eustis had not progressed far enough hear a report as to the result. used in the process, but there was ( W. S. Hart, of Hawks Park,
to enable them to form any -Mv nothing to prevent the application of stated that one application of eight
; OLD GII.LEN GROVE.
opinion as to the cause, or remedy for the principle by anyone. pounds of bi-sulphate of soda and one
this disease. In Europe, where the Mr.[ Hamlin said he attributed the fourth pound arseniate lime dissolvedin

disease had prevailed for years, and foot-rot to excessive applications of IJLIGIIT. fifty gallons of water made in Sep
where, at the time, the trees in large stable manure and cottonseed meal. Prof. Webber said, in response to tember, had colored up the fruit and

orang producing sections had been Close planting may have something to inquiries, that what had been said con sweetened the juice, giving the interior -

almost destroyed by it, careful invest do with it. The trees were 16 or 18 cerning the investigation of foot-rot at a ripe appearance and a taste like

tigation covering a long period had years old. Every-other tree had been Eustis, applied equally to blight. that of the Sweet Seville. Some of
the and the efficiency and in This had They could not expect results for some
not revealed cause, taken out set grove. the fruit was burned or spotted by the
of the various remedies here been done eighteen months. The time. It would be impossible to tell application.

had not been very clearly determined, trees left were making fibrous roots, whether it was contagious until the .
I.IAI1IMTY TO COLD.It
though it was probable some of them and those reset were growing satisfac- germ of the disease could be found, seemed to be the undivided
had been of benefit. It would be a torly. The latter had been cut backto isolated and inoculated into a healthytree. of the

number of years before results could stumps, and were kept well water- As a means of precaution, opinion that fruit orange growers liable present
a rusty was more to
be expected from the experiments and .. ed until established by an irrigation where it appears in new sections, the injury from cold than bright, and thata
investigation begun at Eustis, that ''I. plant. Signs of disease had nearly trees should be destroyed at once. degree of cold that would not hurt
would enable them to speak with any disappeared, both in old grove and Prof. Swingle said there were authentic bright oranges would damage rusty
cases where trees set on the
of certainty. although time enough had not
degree new, fruit, the injury being in proportionto
The only preventive found in elapsed to enable him to speak with very spot from which a blighted tree the darkness of the color. An orange *
w Europe (and he believed the experience certainty as to the result.E. had been taken, had survived twelve side and
rusty on one bright on
here was in the same line), was Bean, of Jacksonville, thoughtthe years, showing no signs of disease.He the other, would be badly damaged on
the use of stocks not liable to be at. disease the result of insect attack. had not seen blight on trees one side, while the other remained

tacked by the disease. The European He cited an instance of cure by the younger than seven 'cars-it usually I uninjured. This greatly increased the

growers, whose trees were originally saturation of the soil with Eureka attacks old trees. importance of spraying, making it a
almost entirely on sweet stocks, had insecticide (a sulphur solution), in a I so SECT EC IDES. means of frost protection to the fruit.

largely re-established their groves on grove of 500 trees which were badly Major G. P. Healy, of Jaffary (Vo- FROST PROTECTION.Mr. .
what is known here as sour stocks. affected. There had been no return
lusia found that wash
county) sulphur ( Hart said he had ascertainedby
When this had been done they had of the disease although three years was effective against rust mite; it de experience the winter that
recovered from the dis had elapsed. He was satisfied it wasa past
immediately I the and
stroyed insect with certainty under certain conditions bright fruit
the sour tree is seldom attacked root disease and thought the same
ease, as would make the fruit in any grove would stand a temperature ot 19 and
if all.VIEWS. tree of blight.
at bright if followed up regularly. lie be full of ice and yet sell for $::.75
Prof. Swingle did not think blight
OF A. II. MANV1LLE. had found it advisable to use two gal- per box, the dealers in market pro-
'.... ,)\. I I. Manville, of Denver, said he like foot rot, a root disease, as the Ions of wash to fifty gallons of water ; nouncing them uninjured upon ex
had tried the sulphurous acid, tar and former begins working at the top, this would kill anything a stronger -..-_ --
while the latter shows itself first in the
sulphur wash remedies, on different solution would. He sprayed once a HH
sections of an 18-year-old seedling roots. month during March, April and :May, WORTII A GUINEA A DOX."
www
that
grove, set iS feet apart, but he could In response to the suggestion and twice a month during June, July
of
be caused attacks
foot-rot might by Sleepy.Itananbdrvvr.y j
see ftoO difference in the result. He and September. .
had removed the earth from the crown anguillula, he said he thought not. lie could not kill red spider with .

and large roots of all the trees, and Although he and Prof. Webber had sulphur wash ; it disappeared but immediately ,la the day timeWalter
found this or an insect closely akin to
,
the result\ in a section which had no recovered.Mr. a good
other treatment than this, did not differ it, on orange roots-it was of rare oc Hamlin said he absolutely con
from that obtained from these va currence. trolled rust mite, but he did not find I Xloa Sthcrc'c IndSgw-&
ttomach !
And
STOCKS. : j
riots 31)j i-cations. lIe thought the sulphur solution any more effective : "dlaordcr.I .
disease constitutional, if the term The subject of stocks came up in than water upon the red spider. It

might be used in this onnection, and connection with foot rot as affordinga disappeared after applications of either, BEECHAM'SII

that the tree was predisposed to it by means of exemption from its attack. but immediately returned. He found, i I .
bad conditions of some sort, resulting Most of the growers present were of however, that the more thorough the I removing the waste
in malnutrition. This bad condition the opinion that the sour stock was applications the longer the exemption.He :, PILLS lag cutter the which system is, clog-will

might be too close planting, standing not liable to attack, the few who asked the cause of the splotchesor t, cureallllllloucuMtlXerro
n4 U1
disorder qalcilf rtlltte -
water in the soil, over and improper claimed sour stocks were sometimes "war maps" which ruin tLc ap Rick Headache.Offtlldruratsu. .

fertilization, or something! else.; He affected admitting that the cases were pearance of so many otherwise fancy New York.Depot Price,365 3 S Caul crate Su a box.:99
dfd.not think applications to the col rare. Those who had tried the rough oranges. The growers in his section ....






I

+ .'.....



I
I .
y +4111 (q.M










300 THE: FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.

_.
-- -- ---- ----- ----- ---
I I
amination, after having their attention The Best of Its Kind. i
I I
POTASH
called to the matter. Last year the "Leggett Paris-green SALTS

He: had (found forest protection a or London-purple Gun" was thorough. I
great.ad'anta e. His grove was ly tried at the experiment grounds of I I II Are necessary to produce large crops of good quality.

planted in small squares surroundedby the Rural New Yorker. Fine dry powder I I High and Low Grade Sulphate of Potash, Muriate of Potash and Kalnlt.

forest belts fifteen feet wide, well of any kind may be used (such as I I For Information and Paiticular.Address
trimmed out to give circulation of air plaster, hellebore, buhach or pyrethrum .
underneath. powder) just the same as Paris- I GERMAN KALI WORKS,

Speaking of forest protection, Mr. green. The device seems almost per- I 0.7.00 .V.i,..,... Mrrrf, ",..,. fork, x. )*.

Bean said his lemon proveat \\'claka, fect, and so much strength and time .--- -

planted) under scattering: forest trees, are saved in applying such insecticidesthat one who has his attention particularlydirected and were good for 60 days keeping.The .
had escaped injury in '$(.. nothing short of necessity could
to it. The researches of bo last of February I sent a car to
Mr.I :M. S.1.re01an: of Switzerland induce us to go back to the sifters andbellows tanical microscopists, however, seem New York. This fruit went to Jack

(St. Johns county) slid that previously used. to indicate that the disease germ is a sonville and was there put on board a
. forest planted in the partial shade of The machine weighs only about six species of bacterium, which has been steamer and reached New York in five

trees bore every year. pounds, and is held in place in fronto named by Professor Burrill micrococcus days badly rotted. All packed by the

DISTANCE APART.Mr. < the operator by a strap about the amylovorus, the green germ of same careful methods. All carefully

Keck thought crowding trees nt-ck. I It consists of a tin reservoir, which it is said enters through the handled from the grove, that is, the

too close together was the came cil I which holds about a quart, a tube or flowers[ and through pores or open. trees. Men all instructed if in pick

many of the difficulties orange growers untt about four feet long, and vari ings in the bark. It is said that this ing an orange fell to the ground, to

complained tion which is movedso
hearing grove in his vicinity in one by turning a crank atory, and after being grown there for care was used to pass nothing that
halt of which the trees were planted easily l that the operator is hardly several generations be taken back to a was not strictly No. i oranges, and

25x25: 'ett and in the other 63x63 feet; Conscious of effort. In this way a fan tree and will reproduce the disease. the packers were instructed to "go

the latter yielded more fruit per acre is rapidly revolved which blows the Attempts to inoculate the disease slow," pack very close, and to throw

than the former. powder through the gun upon the through the leaves have failed. It out any orange that they thought

Secretary Hart had set interveningtrees plants to be treated, whether potato does not seem to extend through the might not be strictly first class.I .

between his first! stand, but was vines, currant bushes, cabbages, cot whole tree, for if the parts attackedare will say further that the man at
now satisfied that they had cut off ton plants or fruit trees. The quantityof cut off, healthy new branches and the sizer is rated as one of the best in

more fruit from the stand trees than powder blown through the tube is sprouts will come out, and often a tree Florida, and the packers were skilledin
they had produced. nicely adjusted by a slide, and the pow. is never attacked but once. It is just the business, and all were paid by
der issues from in
President' Adams said his trees now the nozzle clouds of possible that some kind of washes ap the day and instructed from start to

spread thirty feet, and he would fine dust, which may easily be madeto plied every year regularly to the trees, finish that the writer wished it so put

give $50 apiece if they had thirty cover six feet of plants, more or starting early in the spring, might be up it could and would be safe for 60
more to spread in. He thought land less, as the crank is turned more or good- precaution. The writer has ikys holding at destination or cold:
less The 'end of the tube is
cheaper than fertilizer and irrigation.Mr. rapidly. seen trees, however, covered with sul storage.
H. H. Holdridgc, of Grove I adjustable, so that the powder may be phured whitewash badly stricken, butit Query-What caused the rot ?

Park (Alachua county) asked if anyone directed up, down or sidewise, whileit may have been that the disease H. S. HOWARD.

had !seen a mature tree killed by is not necessary that the operator had penetrated the bark before Sorrento Fla.
germs
should bend ... .......
the --
or body at
frost that had plenty of room and stoop any the wash had been applied. There is
time. The powder is evenly distrib Swine in the Grove.
made a perfect growth. much to be learned yet about this dis-
uted upon the plants and economicallyso Two different I had our good
years
Prof. Swingle said it was very difficult ease.-Meehan's: Monthly.A [ .
to spray tall trees, and pickingwas since the construction of the machine Florida observer has recorded his friend, Captain Knight of the Light,
a serious task. is such that the powder is never experience with strong lye made by send me a pair, and I could not make

Mr. Mcreman called attention to blown out in gusts, masses or puffs. leaching hardwood ashes, which he them gain a pound a day with the

the enormous spread and productive- Without change of position two or found an effective preventive of blight. best of food ; yet they paid me for
three currant bushes may be dusted at keeping them. I made a light but
ness<< of the isolated oak, while a tree Concentrated lye answered equally as
once; in a few moments, while a row of strong frame pen about four by five
of the same age in the hammock was I well, but care must be taken not to
tall and spindling with small tufts of potatoes may be thoroughly dusted as get it too strong. It should be ap feet, with chicken wire around it.
one walks slowly along. The durability When pigs are small a fastenedat
in the the rope
foliage at the top, bearing few acorns. plied spring as soon as
The same thing applied with equal of the machine is such, in our leaves start, and two or three times in either end enables me easily to re

force to the orange opinion, that with careful usage it the summer, mopping the limbs thoroughly move the pen its length once a day.
would last for years. : The pigs keep the grass down and fertilize
Mr. Manville thought the trees and allowing the lye to run
What wedesire to accentuate in this inch my trees to perfection ; but I
and of
should be planted far enough apart to down wet every square
gun is the following point: Even, know I could make more meat with
easy
allow them to extend their branches bark. It is well also to scrape off the
to the utmost limit and still leave economical and rapid distribution of rough bark to allow the lye to pene same food if I got the right stock of
room enough between the outmost the insecticide. It is one of those la. trate everywhere.What hogs, so I sent North for the finest I
branches to feed and cultivatethe bor-saving machines that we are confident could learn of. The pair of pigs that

trees. A tree extending its will delight all who give them a Caused the Rot? came to your express office last July
fair trial.-Rural New Yorker. Editor Fanner and Fruit Grown! could have been put in a half.bushel
branches to the ground on all sides A letter from C. W. Campbell, Sr., basket with the lid shut down. They
has many times the bearing surface of Fire Blight in the Pear. in issue of the ist inst., is the
.1 your
cost me $45 ; express $4.50-$49.50 ;
a tree whose lower branches are eight, This is disease which will this letter. He "the
I a frequently occasion of says at this price I would
yet extravagant ..
fifteen from the ..
ten or feet ground, cause the death of a tree, perhaps fault is at the door of those who carelessly come out ahead today should I choose J_ -,
as is the case with old trees set 18 to "
it twenty years old, or a large branch, packed their (fruit. The writer to kill and sell at 10 cents per pound.
25 feet apart. Again, costs about apparently within a few hours. The bought of a good orange grower (not I shall not kill, however, until I have
half as much to gather: the fruit.
;; tree may be healthy so far as our at. having of his own sufficient that was established the stock on the river. I t
Mr. Bean said the trouble with his tention may be called to it, and in a judged ripe enough) 100 boxes of No. hope to be able to spare few pigs
lemon grove in the forest was that week every leaf be as black as if the i fruit and paid $I.O per box for this fall.-Titusville Star.

trees would run up to the light, they tree were scorched by fire and yet not same, but succeeded in getting only ....
could not be kept within reach. The if scorched fire in all for the Ethelwold.
exactly is by becausethe 40 boxes IF TOUR BACK ACUKS.Or .
same objection applied to close plant. all out, really good for nothing
result would then be brown,whereas These 40 boxes were very carefully you are worn
it In general debility Try
ing. Long bare stems are more liableto the leaves die away black and give handled and packed with special care llKOir*'* IHOX JllTTEKS.

frost injury. out a fetid odor. In all examinationsthat by one who has "been in the business"for It will cure you a good cleanse appetite.CHICKEN.HATCHING your.liter, and the

Question from a member: '' "How have been made there is a portionof some years, and, finally, were put
can we make our trees bush ? the stem which seems to be first at. on the cars (for Fernandtna Monday, BY STEAM

Mr.[ Bean.-"Give them plenty of tacked nearly down or at the base of November 14th, at about 7.203. m., .....,.-
room and plenty of light. the branch destroyed. This generally and as a result! of being last receivedwere .

Iresidentdams.. "Low trees extends around the branch. Dug into expected to "go through" in titmp..w o o ataon.r i-rnu' ;
make themselves ; men make high with a knife it will be found to be good shape. This lot of 40 boxes .,J.un eaa4o.r.it.W.tor "loa.Jy N.raatud. .
Krttl CoMlr .QaiiM/.uTujaa.CDyiTEVAPORATOR.
trees... brown and and in London for
.. apparently decayed, sold Liverpool or $28 J
!l1titbNtwr, 1 i..a. M.w, there is a distinct line above which the and some cents-rotted terribly. 4
*"'' l Jrr. .e;Jr tt-4.,kfi4.. Oorrbwy P.tud Cfctai1UB. *a4loUttlB bark appears to be greenish, only com The writer shipped a car of 30: I

V ) **?. ftMy tsul.IWtry.Tbw*lUttlsf ctfcr4Kb paratively dry. That this is the seat boxes, February i6th to Philadelphia. The JltaDdani*aehID
... Oldsrft alas .ai .....
s4 D.s. C.t.>oss.III "rit. IU.-C.tai.ia
4Y. alliTtl. tt.. rs. U1aChester C.I'.aa. of the disease must be evident to any Fruit arrived in A No. i condition TUB BLYMYCM IKON H9KKB cv.,1MI......ft.








a ._w r _



_.

THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FKUIT-GKOWKU. 301Pinery.

.
-

The apples, learn the cause and search for Pineapple Culture in Half-Shado. I I II growing on land not more than three

Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower feet above the level of the lake and
the cure; and good old Uncle Sam is ,

-" giving us funds yearly to enable them i Among the industries of South Flor. he attributed it in part to the sub-
Edited by JOHN It. IU .\CII. Melbourne, ida of
that the
it seems to me growing
Fla. to do so, and all that is needed is our irrigation. He wrote to me three

interest and support and applicationto pineapples under half shade stands on weeks ago that he had more than

A Study of Diseases.Pineapples the proper authorities to have them the front line. While visiting in the 5,000 in bloom and that they had

come down and help us. neighborhood of Orlando this past filled the promise of their youth.
like form of life
every ,
winter I (from fifteen I
have their enemies and the We have discovered that the trouble saw to twenty I am writing this out of my fondness
as acreage
of land half shade
here increases our attention is calledto which we attribute to the red spider is acres protected by for and my belief in this industryand
devoted to that industry. The largest because 1 believe it be both
the fact more and While in remedied by the sulphur solutions to
more. *
is about six
the aggregate thus far but little damage used by the orange growers but we do pinery acres, Haynes, I fascinating and lucrative. I have a

has been done and not even yet know what is the real Young & Bailey; next, four acres, small pinery in which I am fruitingnow
by parasites
Frank Price then Russell with I
; ,
cause by inference. Smooth Cayennes, Abbakas,
disease, still their presence is a per except think about three
acres ; Kedney
Queens, Black Jamaica, some SugarLoaf
petual menace and we are always
ape TilE SPIKE DISEASE. about and
two quite
acres a large .
and a few Crown p,ince. Although
of outbreak of
prehensive an one
But the most general disease of all is number of smaller enclosures. we had some frost, I have now
trouble other which when condi
or what we call the 'spike." We know Haynes, Young & Bailey have the I growing, without protection that wett

tions are favorable, may sweep over absolutely nothing of either its causeor largest plantation of pineapples under through the winter, sugar apples, man.
the country as the scale, dieback, half shade it is said in the world.
,
cure for we can hardly designateas goes, cocoanuts, eggplants and \toma
blight, scab, etc., have in their turns
mostl.jSmooth
They some Abbakas but
a cure the heroic method which is grow toes. From nine Abbakas fruiting

over the orange region. None of always adopted, that ol pulling up the Cayennes. Of these last I last summer I set out and have grow
these
but had
were really new, un
am told they have purchased the en
plant and throwing away the slips, ing 190 thrifty pineapple plants, andat
lain for
doubtedly quiet just
years tire of the Azores islands for
which is like output date
keeping alive and awaiting favorable isolating a leper or every pine that I have a rightto

shooting a foundered hor e.'e think five years, three years yet to run. expect it from is in bloom, some of
conditions and be
to spread rapidly
that certain land it and Last year they imported something them
produces we half-grown. I want to say in
come epidemic, or epidendric ((Which
more than one hundred thousand
that certain conditions favorable addition
that there is
imagine are no reason why
should be the word, I presume, as applied plants setting in their own pineries a
,
to its increase; but so generalis this half shade industry should bejim-
to trees). little more than 60,000. The other
its distribution over the pineapple ited to the growing of pineapples.
While these troubles are with us in pineries about Orlando of older date
growing regions in every soil, climate I I desire to add that last fall and

their incipient state we should study and location, and on every variety of grow quite a variety ; the most prom."' winter I grew both Smooth Cayennesand

them carefully when there is time and pineapple, that no theory yet formed inent are Smooth Cayennes, Abbakas, Abbakas i inches from crown to

opportunity, learn all about them and holds good, or is at all logical.IN Queens and Porto Ricos. base and I94 in circumference, and

how to combat them, so that should The profits of this industry must be also that I have no pineapple plantsfor

they ever develop into a threatening THE WEST ISI>1F.5. large, and when we consider the sale. ,f. M. LEWIS.

plague we would be forearmed and growing wealth of the country and Lemon Ilay.
Plants thus affected the
prepared to fight them with the most on Keys are the eating qualities of a half-shade P. S.-I am told that there is talk
known red and
effective weapons at the outset For as plants, are always pineapple the consumption of the of a convention of pineapple growersto
abandoned and the
all the orange plagues satisfactory dug up, or slips product is almost without limits. be held in Orlando in May. This
thrown In the
remedies were never discovered till away. Jamaica stupid Whitner's Gardening in Flor will, undoubtedly, be productive of
that these the "male"plants
the disease had about run its course negroes and say thus are affected ida,'* page 174, says that an eight great good ; what it wants is more

and done incalculable damage; and plants they inch apple sold at prices prevailing in light. J. M. L.
of different becaustthey .
assume are a sex
-e- --
many of these plagues which have England would bring something more
produce no fruit. There is some Safo UBO of Paris Green.
run their course and for some of than $7.00. This applies to apples
for this in the well known
London and
error Paris
cause purple green are
which we have learned efficient remedies grown under glass. Suppose that
fact that slips and suckers from spikey known as the arsenites. They are
we do not today even know the when grown under half shade they
plants usually produce spikey plants used ;n a dry form or they can be
real nature of. The trained specialistcan would bring a quarter of that amount.I .
I when set out and is well known ., mixed with flour
as in
to advantage
alone make systematic investigation I saw in your paper, copied! from the many
spikey plants produce little fruit, and cases. The arsenites are practically
which will be of any real scientific I Orlando Reporter, that in the Modelo
that practically worthless; hence insoluble in water, the particles remaining -
value and the Park the
or practical upon pinery pines were planted :
that the "male"plants
they they are susnended. The
say proportion
results of which we can place any certain 10,000 to the acre. Suppose they are
while the healthy plants they generally used is one pound arsenite
dependence, and even then it is planted 6,000 to the acre and you get I
style "female. Of course, there, as to 200 gallons of water I If too strong
often the work of years.AN 4,000 apples at si£s) each, which
"
here, spikey, or "male, plants are with Smooth Cayennes or Abbakas it r a proportion is used, the foliage to

INSTANCE IN POINT.I considered as worthless as addled eggsor is not difficult to do. You get of i which the arsenites are applied will be

foundered horses. I scorched; hence, for tender foliage,
visited Prof. Rolfs recently in his Smooth Cayennes 4,000 pineapples ;

laboratory at Lake City and he showed But some day this disease may finda put them at 50C apiece-$2,000 ; three such as the peach, a weaker mixture,

season of favorable conditions, rap say one pound to 300 gallons shouldbe
cultures of the tomato blight whichhe slips from each at 300-$3,600;

had succeeded after a year of patient idly assume threatening proportionsand amount sold (from the acre, $8,600. used.
in spread all over our fields, as did I Damage to foliage, however, can
tireless study isolating; but This estimate is small ; figure it in
he informed me that in order to learn the "yellows" ;in the peach region; Abbakas. There yon get the apples I be almost entirely prevented by mixing

and the efficient and now is the time for us to seek scientific a little lime water with the arsenical -
its true nature most $2,009, and ten plants to sell from
aid to ascertain the true nature mixture. We owe this discoveryto
remedy years more of daily experi each pine, 40,000 at 3c--$12,000 ;
and cause of the phenomenon and arm Prof. C. P. Gillette of Colorado
,
careful be ,
and
ment << study might required 14000. These figures for plantsI

; In the same way Dr. Bitting, us with the most effective remedy. have put at what I actually paid to formerly of the Iowa Experiment

veterinary expert of the Experimental TIMELY: ACTION NEEDED.: Russell and Kedney and only regret Station. If lime water be added to

Station (also a fungologist and that I did not buy more. It is argued the mixture the arsenites can be safely
We should petition the board of applied to the most tender (foliage,
thorough scientist), had been makingfor these prices won't hold. I thoughtso
directors of the Agricultural Experi.( when used in the ordinary
a long time extensive experimentswith three years ago, so did the pine proportionof
ment Station to send us an expert to one pound arsenite to
200 gallonsof
the tetter, a skin disease of man apple growers. Up to this time they
this The
and beast, and it had taken miny ; investigate matter. money have not been able to fill the demand.It water.
and the men are ready and all thatis The arsenites are used to destroyany
months of careful and patient observation i is a known fact that many acres
needed is to persuade the board to of the mandibulate insects and
determine that it last ,
to fully was a I prepared summer were not planted
favor us with a little help, instead of kill by being taken into the alimentary
fungoid and to isolate it. because the plants were not to be had.

Now with the pineapple trouble we confining all our Uncle Sam's generosity Much I has been said about the right I svstrr. -Mist. S'anr-n Bulletin.
the tobacco and
find diseased plants and we may find to orange kind of soil. Says Whitner, page

present in others certain insects and growers. 175, "a sandy loam;" Helen liar-

the unlearned observer may jump at True, we have an Uncle Henry, court says, "high pine land. Russell asII

conclusion that the who in his this ( J4l n 10.m...h,a.......Alin.. ;'
the they cause openhearted generosityis exploded by growing very large CA".A"II.: .e..... +wu)tuna

trouble, while the true cause may bea doing wonders for this long pines on the border of the lake in a ,I lWk.lDL./!Jut r-t,- .w.1&4...........&....,.tWD.A.

microscopic fungoid or insect, and neglected region, but for all this and sandy muck, some of the walks inI I V ..d. ilbp.p.nut. .,OtiKASTUD..lM toll tw ..,,w th1.IWr. ......

insect be innocuousand because have been his ditch I "" "' ..MEUCAXMUMtttn ... ..'", ....O'Du-r......
the maligned may we so long neg. pinery being plank over a J4 AW t w P.Y..
...... ... .. .... .. .... ...
even a friend. These gentlemenat lected, we should still claim our shareof holding water not more than two feet .:.f..,.m,.ft.It.., ......-.r..;..'IA.-.1'C..,.bh..',"...............)..I....q. n..A0..t .

Lake City are ready and anxiousto the assistance intended for us, as from the surface. Frank Price last l..IB. iv'.....L.M_ p&4.nr Ltu.l CMAI" .
......... ..
1T. t'u&ax..JGJ'''' rwp let tIlx
come down to our region and study for all his nephews, by our good old winter had the finest growth of pineapple 'I ........... x.n..e...aiL 4

of I Uncle Sam. that I have EOliKIlT 1JGKRSOU.A utn,
the troubles our precious pine.I plants ever seen II COUWDU.W1IOUt fl&J I


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302.- TIlE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER I

-- .
.,, ..\I.I:X. LITTLE, irr..itimt.
LOCKHAKT LITTLE, Secretary soot Trrnmirer


LITTLE BRO'S' FERTILIZER AND PHOSPHA COMPANY,


( LIMITED. ) .

JACKSONVILLE:, FLORIDA

l\'IANU1l'AC URERS errGRMIE


.MIIGH .. ** 'FERTILIZERS .


FOR ALL CLASSES OF TREES AND.. PUflJiTS.

IMPORTERS OF POTASHES, NITRATES, and the famous CALCUTTA BONE. The largest stock of FERTILIZER MATERIAL in the t South

A Special Invitation Extended to All to Visit Our Factory. PROMPT SHIPMENTS. GREAT CARE AND ATTENTION GIVEN TO ALL ORDERS.

OFFICE, 24 EAST BAY STREET. JACKSONVILLE, FLA. FACTORY, SOUTH JACKSONVILLE, FLA.

-- -- ---- --- I
FJ1 ]'4E l1)'l) A tfI\tl (Eli I an "R," the medium ripes with anM plant-lice from the lower leaves of the I[ there is from handling a poodle dog
-..,.,- ": ," the greenest stock with "G." cotton plant. I have seen them jump | such as some ladies pack around in
Picking; and Packing Tomatoes. If you adhere to this rule you will eighteen inches from the ground in their arms.
Tomatoes to be shipped several soon work up a brand that both you order to catch a cotton caterpillar Shakespeare is responsible for muchof
hundred miles must be picked just as and the commission men will be proudof. feeding on the leaves. The toad is a the antipathy with which the toadis
they begin to turn at the blossom end. Of course, the culls will not be splendid marksman, and catches its regarded. The poisonous qualities
Tomatoes should be handled with shipped. Phil. Grocery World. prey on the sharp point of its long which the great poet ascribed to the
great care, for a bruised tomato turns tongue, which can be shot out six or toad and newt in the mixture concocted -
black where it is bruised and soon Tho Louisiana Grass Again. eight inches. I have attached live in the witches' cauldron, has in it
rots. The picking should be done in Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: flies by one foot to a stick, by means no more truth than the hobgoblins
peck baskets, lined with felt paper or Several years ago I sent to your of mucilage, and then brought the which were called up by the incantaions. -
cloth ; then on that domestic cloth. paper a short article concerning the stick up to within eight inches of the : Servants and children shouldbe
This makes a good soft carrier. The merits of the Louisiana grass(paspalumplalycaiih toad. lie would take sight with his forbidden to injure them in any
pickers should rub off all the stems, ), collected from observationof big eyes for a second, when out would way, and should be taught not to dislike
as they bruise the tomatoes where the grass in this county. Since come his long lance-like tongue, and them, but to protect and appreciatethe
they come in contact with them, oft- that time a great deal has been writ- the fly would be impaled on its point. toad as one of the farmer's best
times breaking the skin of the finest ten concerning it from observers in It is very seldom, indeed, that a toad f friends.-Southern Farm.
tomatoes in the basket. the lower South. It is never con- misses his mark. His tongue is also .._... --_
Select the best and most careful demned, but always praised. covered with a sticky secretion which To Preserve Grain from Weevils.
hands to pick, letting some one else I see no cause yet to change what I prevents the insect from escaping afterit Oats and rye will soon be threshedout
carry the full baskets to the shed and have previously written concerning it. is impaled. In Surinam, where if they have not already been; and
return with two empty baskets. Never Its analysis shows a good grass, not the whole air is loaded with insects the question will be how to keep the
pour the tomatoes out of the basket, quite so nutritious as the Bermuda.It there is a species of gigantictoad grain and seed for next season secure
but grade them right out on your will make more growth on which destroys vast numbers of from the weevil. Where the quantity
grading trays. At the shed where the soil, it is not killed by frost, as is poor the them. The toad of Surinam has a Is not great this can be done by tying
packing is to be done, there shouldbe Bermuda ; it i is easily eradicated, it mouth and snout like a flog, and roots it up in stout paper sacks as soon as it
plenty of light, and dry in case of stands as much drouth and as much with its nose in the ground, turningout is threshed out.
rain. trampling. An amount of trampling the grubs and the worms.If Another way is by the use of the
I Have a wide counter with a row of that: will kill all other growths seems there are no toads in the gardenor fuma carbon bi sulfide (the spelling
grading trays, or baskets without han only to improve it. It continues to orchard they ought to be placed authorized by the chemical section of
dles, in the center of the counter. The spread itself here ; wherever, from any there. Send a little nigger with a bagto the A. A. A. S.) This is a very poisonous .
tomatoes should be wiped clean and cause, the native grass is destroyed it hunt for them along the edges of and inflammable gas and must '
dry and graded into seven grades; ripes, appears. It sods all roads where the the swamp and on the banks of the be kept where it will not be inhaledor
mediums and greens. 'I 1 hese are the travel is not too great. creek or river. He can soon catch a be set on fire. It settles to the
three grades, and each one of these PRENTICE BAII.EV.I : dozen or more and bring them homein floor, displacing the atmosphere at the
must be divided into two grades, large I taker County. the bag Turn them out in the bottom of any box or tin in which the
and small then the > t vessel is placed. It costs only centsa
; culls make the garden and make dens for them in the So
seven grades. Now, let us see: First, Sparo the Toads. fence corners or under the fruit trees, pound (perhaps it would be a little
large ripes; second, small ripes; third, Next to the mole, the toad may be and they will soon rid the garden or more expensive in Florida), and it is
large greens ; fourth, small greens ; reckoned the most important ally of orchard of its worst enemies. 'fake said that a pound of it will preserve
fifth, large medium ripes; sixth, small the farmer and gardener. Toads feed four old bricks, two for the sides, one fifty or a hundred bushels of grain.
medium ripes; seventh, culls. Gradedin I on cut-worms when they can obtain for the end and another for the top, One writer in a contemporary says
this way they will look better, sell I them, in preference to any other food, leaving one end open, and you havean that he placed a vessel containing a
better, keep better and pack better i in i hunting for them at night, when the excellent toad house and one in pound of it on the floor of his granary,
the crates. cut-worms are out of their dens and 1 which the toad will be delighted to covered it with cheesecloth set a box
First and second-class goods shouldbe I preying on the plants, and in daytime live during the summer. If you desire on top of it, then proceeded to covereverything
j packed in fancy crates or carriers, scratching t em out of their to keep him over the winter you must several feet deep with corn.
the third grades put into some odd 1 holes and devouring them. A dozen make him a hole in the ground so he It preserved the grain intact the whole
packages like the one-third peach box. toads will keep a cabbage patch clear can pass the winter below the frost season. In Florida, where insects are
The four basket crate is possibly the t/f cut-worms. 't'tI \ line. A toad will catch more curculios worse than in the North, a greater
nicest package at this date. This holdsa have kept a n mber of toads i in from the orchard in one night than quantity would probably be advisable.Our .
scant half bushel. When the little my laboratory for months at a time half a dozen men will catch during Northern exchanges say that this
baskets arc packed they should be t during the last !tvo summers, and the whole day. I have seen toads I insectifuge is now !getting in commonuse
rounding, somewhat like a turtle's ,, have fed them different kinds of food engaged in turning over chips, small I w th the most intelligent farmers.
back, that is, the basket should be They are immense eaters, and I never pieces of bark, and even stones, search ; ---- -- Tbr. -: -- .---- tY---
fullest in the middle. The empty could get together as many cutworms ing for the injurious insects that hide !' B 0 R E anca and*.NFwT.tl.Ontd.tt'IIIYI Jia la thi. goal o worn'M 4ln for>
baskets should be set into the crates! would satisfy them, although some in such places. Horse Powers,
before (packing or filling.All times they ate until their skins were a S Toads are not poisonous or even i WELLS Steam Engines,
the fine stock should be marked tight as a cherry skin. They will eat unclean. They do not produce warts,> Pumps JtValves
"Fancy," the second class marked"Seconds all kinds of cutworms wire-worms, as ignorant people believe. There i is DR-LL I JrooPJ' '.jdruUlJttwn8ap..
pli w. 1 IIwn* tndn>Ubl wprkMMr
the third class marked cabbage caterpillars and cotton caterpillars not near as much danger of being contaminated -d. CaUlotn nMit d/'tH.
4Thirds." Mark the ripe stock with and will pick off and eat the from handling a toad as I I I WELL LOOMtIS .. NYMAN.,


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I > FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.4 303.

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Edward R. Taylor, of Cleveland, 0., Barnyard manure cannot bt replaced J1 piaJt tried farming, raising tobacco, and
is said to be the only manufacturerof b)' commercial f emitters' but its action have worked in clay diggings, but I
it. may be improved by the addition of com think I never in my life have workedas
mercialfet tilizers. Somo Popular Misapprehensions in many hours as for the last four

Tobacco In regions where the soil, and consequently I Regard to Beekeeping. summers with my bees.
the food and the manure Editor" Farmer and Fruit Grower: Apiary work has much of it to be
- produced, contains little salt, and "Fussing with bees," is what they done in a half bent posture and is the
Tobaoco Culture-No. 3. where little or no salt is fed, the liquid call it, because, you see, they do not harder on that account.A .
German(This series Experiment or articles Station has been bulletin taken with from the a manure may be regarded as a good think it laborious enough to be called bran-new misapprehension that
needed changes in weights and measures also manure for tobacco. It should be work-a very suitable occupation for has of late got afloat is that beekeep
in the crops mentioned, to adapt it to Florida.] confirmed invalids and
applied, however, during the winteror constitutionallytired ing is enormously profitable, a regular
The money value of tobacco de. before the first and retired clergymen, and for I
early spring} plow bonanza; in fact, say too colonies,
pends especially upon, i its burning ing. During the growth of the plantno ladies in search of a sphere. Those each is
yielding $50 equal to $5,000
qualities, 2 the fineness of the leaf ideas be but
liquid manure should be applied.In cannot squelched at once, a ..ear.Vhen find a
beekeeperwho
and the ribs, 3 the right stage of ripe. regions where the soil, fodder we can put in our protest and someday I } he makes you $5,000 a on
I says year
ness and even ripening, and 4 proper and manure are rich in chlorine, and or: other the truth will prevail. his bees alone just cast a net over him
curing. Under otherwise correspond. where tobacco is often deficient in Some women can keep bees, and until the rest of us can come and takea
ing conditions, tobacco glows longer, burning quality, the fields used for just so some women can raise forty good look at him. The net will last
/ f., its burning quality is better, the tobacco should not be manured with acres of corn or cotton. Success in before it is out.
more potash and the less chlorine it liquid manure. either path must be won by downrighthard many years worn
contains. In order to obtain leaves From to pounds of wood work. Asa vocation for woman Another misapprehension that I fear
900 1,250
rich in potash and poor in chlorine the ashes or 350 pounds of sulphate of beekeeping has this much in its (favor: has gained some currency is that api
following points should be observed: potash per acre may) be applied to tobacco That great tyrant society gives permis culture is a matter of such simple rou-
The growth of fodder plants and the application being appliedto sion to keep bees; while if a woman) tine that any person, even though not
the raising of animals should be fol. the of naturally ingenious or thoughtful, can
deep soils late in the fall or to shal essays forty acres corn or cotton
lowed as far : for would frown her down easily master it. This looks to me as
as possible. Crops lower soils before the first plowing.In society as an rankest
the error of all. A bungler
marketing other than tobacco should the spring, before setting the plants, amazon. The woman who goes at
consist, where the conditions are favorable 135 to 180 pounds of nitrate of soda beekeeping, as the half of female domestics cannot keep bees with success. In
of cotton, grain and hay. may be applied where the land is not go at house work or as one- scarcely any avocation is a living. won
In animal products, milk, cotton, grain heavily manured.In half of well born daughters go at their by so large expenditure of brain. To
(seeds) and hay, only small quantitiesof rainy seasons, when the plants various ways of disguising idleness, all these disadvantages another must
potash are sold. Animal products lose their dark green color and fail to can do nothing else than fail. be added. The 1 business has a spiceof
often contain more chlorine than pot grow well, 90 to 135 pounds of nitrateof Some invalids can get a few bees lottery about it. Frightful lossesare
liable to come in February :March
and healthful work in the ,
soda acre be applied while by open
ash.In per may
regions where, on account of the the plants are small. air, build up their health while build. and April up North, and in July and
previous manuring, the soil and the t ing up an apiary; but nothing but a August here in the South, sweepingaway
plants grown thereon contain much Ideas of a Cuban. ruinous failure could come of the attempt hundreds of colonies as with the

common salt, no salt should be givento J. O. Andrews, Secretary of(| the to run a large apiary at once, bees-om of destruction. Moreover,
the cattle. unless the invalid had either once in a while will come a summerin
Board of Trade, received five poundsof alleged ,
As preparatory crops for tobacco fine fresh Vuelta Abajo tobacco seed active or latent, a large capacity for which scarcely a pound of surplus
the market mentioned work. Invalids that honey can be obtained. The downcast
crops above and direct from Cuba yesterday wnich will suffer seriously
tobacco itself are best. Where sufficient be placed on sale at the seed store of when exposed to the hot sun, or are in beekeeper with no income to
potash can be applied, turnipsor P. F. Wilson. These seed were sent any way subject to overheating ol the draw on, must either buy barrels of
beggarweed may also be grown. by Lopez & Vila, dealers in Havana blood, had better let beekeeping alone.A sugar to feed his bees for their winter
From the sale of potatoes and roots, leaf( tobacco. Mr. Vila's father was beekeeper, running an apiary of food or sacrifice part of them; that is
which contain times colonies of bees the to say, part must be sold for the trifle
ten to twenty as engaged in the growing of tobacco for 100 through swarming
much potash as chlorine, the farm is more than forty years. Mr. Lopez season needs to be a regular salamander they will bring and the money spentfor
depleted of potash, and where leaves says that in Cuba the seed are beddedin almost as much so as if he sugar to winter the rest; or else
and tops are fed much chlorine is re September, but in this climate it was a puddler of iron or a steamboat colonies must be united with each
stored to the soil. Where roots and should be done in July. That the fireman. A little rebate may be grant. other, possibly some destroyed alto.
potatoes are sold from farms used for object is to have the plants growing ed here. gether, and what honey there is con
tobacco growing, the potash shouldbe during the heavy dews and fogs. That Nothing herein contained is intend centrated in a few hives to keep a
replaced in a form which is desirable the plants should be set near togetherso ed to forbid a confirmed invalid or any fraction of the apury alive till spring.
for tobacco.In as to produce a small leaf, as when man or woman from keeping a few There now! I have pretty much
tobacco regions potash manures planted three feet apart the plants grow bees and supplying her own table with said it. With all the drawbacks bee
containing common salt, as kainit, to large and the leaves are too large. honey. Clergymen are subject to the keeping is an intensely fascinating
etc., should not be applied either to That a leaf should not be over 12 or same restraint as to a vocation as pursuit. :Many fail; some succeed.
tobacco or to other plants, as otherwise 14 inches long. If the plants are too women are. Think what a row wouldbe Very few employ men and run separate
.feeding stuffs are grown whichare large the leaves will he large and thick kicked up it the pastor should mend apiaries and succeed, bringing up the
rich in chlorine and consequently and strong in flavor when cured. Thata boots or keep a grocery or saloon. theoretical possibilities of income very

produce a manure rich in this element.On small light leaf is more desirable, as Excepting work with the pen scarce high.The
heavy soils from a ton to a ton anda the wrappers are then lighter in color anything could be named that would conclusion of this whole matteris
half of wood ashes or 500 pounds of and the cigars more saleable.-Gainesville provoke so little opposition as beekeeping that if you have the bee fever, and
sulphate of potash, and on light, sandy Sun. but no lazy folks need apply.At have it bad, past all cure, don't stand
_
soils 500 pounds of concentrated mil ------ -- -- any rate, unless the support be very around groaning, but r plunge in and
riate of potash per acre are to be used, Now Method of Applying Korosono inadequate, a pastor should usually be the editor and his correspondent, your
but the latter material is never to be During three seasons satisfactory results content with a small apiary. A little humble servant, will hold your bonnet.
applied to tobacco itself. have been obtained by applying change of thought and its accompa. CHARLES F. HSSNING.CUra .
Night soil should only be appliedto kerosene as follows : The method is nying exercise in the open air will not i ,Via
sandy soils and on these never di. very simple and consists in so constructing injure the quality of the Sunday ser-
rectly to tobacco. the lower valve seat of a man, but, if anything, improve it.
Tobacco for smoking purposes pump that it allows the entrance of Really, fellow mortals, let us pity
should be grown on light, sandy or water through one opening and kero- the sorrows of the poor clergymen, 's i
medium soil, but never on heavy soil. sene through another. The two required to dress and live like $5,000a U s
The best manure for tobacco is good liquids become mixed in passing ye.r, while receiving ouly $300 anda
cow manure, which is better than horse through the valves and cylinder the donation of the cold victual sort. t I I
manure. Manure from sheep and swineis pump, and are finally broken up intoan In thus affirming that beekeeping is CURE CONSTIPATION.
not adapted for tobacco. The best exceedingly fine spray by being hard work, I do not assert that great :I: To enjoy health ono-should have l'ec-
manure is obtained from feeding po- forced through a good spraying nozzle. strength is absolutely required. People hour alar evacuation Tile evtU,every both tvten mental y four aa4
tatoes, beets and turnips without the Wisconsin State Report. who can lift but a small number of 1- physical resulting from
This was the invention of Prof. E. pounds may succeed if that is all the I HABITUAL CONSTIPATIONi

tops.The manures should be applied part S. Goff, a well known horticulturist, disability. Strength often comes very'':i i *ntl nerlon For lie earn
late in the fall and part in the spring and, if it proves practicable, will do handy, however, and considerable ex ;I of till common tronbJejTnu.. Aver.
and should be thoroughly mixed with away with the necessity of making penditure of muscle must be put forth., Pill ttavo. Hfcgautljr gulped augar cout ed.unpar.Holed.
the soil by repeated plowing. kerosene. emulsions. i for many hours of the day. I have'I r SOLD EVERYWHERE.4fHE .



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M,
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304 THE; FLORIDA PAIIMBK AND PllUIT-GKOWEK.

... .
-- -- -

comprise soils from different countiesas to fifteen feet under water, over which
ens
gtate (follows : Leon, Orange, Osceola, good sized boats used to travel.-
.....,... APIANOs
- I Hernando, Marion, Brevard, Volusia. Tampa Times.

Host WJiidden, of the Ocala I House, Jackson,BradfordColumbia Gadsden, Forty years ago the early settlers of 1

has purchased D.I C. Cutler's henneryand Alachua, Dade, Polk and Manatee.Tallahasstean. .- this river realized that South Floridawas

rented land of Mr. Tom Gary), the greatest sugar cane country in

south of the Mead grove, where he will The Tampa Times in an account of a the Union, and picking out this partas The Recognized Standard of Modern

locate the hens, and in connectionwith visit to St. Cloud, mentions that Mrs the most suitable, although it was Piano Manufacture.

them will establish a vegetable Jacob Disston has purchased the cot only reached by tedious sailing journeys BALTIMORE, NEW YORK,
of
farm-all for the use of the guests tage occupied for some years past by they hewed their plantations out 3i &241 K Baltimore it. 14* Fifth Are.

his admirable hostelry.-Ocala Ban- the manager of the Disston sugar of the original forest, invested a great WASHINGTON,81; nn.ylvanla Ave

plantation Capt. R. E. Rose, and will sum in the enterprise and worked it
ner.Mr.. R. H. Hull showed a repre- erect a $50.000 winter residence on its on an enormous scale. The change ; off worlds that continued to revolve

sentative of the Reporter this morning site, which' was once the bottom of since that day is considerable ; a population around their centers, but still massesof

a sample of some oranges he has Lake Tohopekaliga.The of 3,000 people surrounds incandescent vapor.
had buried in sand for over a hundred their great plantation, which is now Boys who have turned a grindstone
and freshas Manatee Advocate, in giving a rapidly have noticed how the
days. They were as juicy principally again a forest. Two daily globulesof
from the description of the beautiful groundsof water have been thrown off from
the day they were plucked i steamer lines at present connect us
trees, and the flavor was perfectly Dr. \\'. E. Driscoll, mentions, among with Tampa, which brings our pro- the stone, and geologists tell us that

preserved. The sand' in which they other fruits, the Surinam cherry and ducts within fifty hours of New York. in like manner the great central mass

were preserved was "doctored" by Japan; persimmon as doing excellentlywell Such transportation was beyond the of our planetary system in its rapid
that he in that far southern latitude. The revolutions threw off, one after another
Mr. Hull in a manner prefersto most brilliant dreams of these old su. ,
he have the Japan persimmon trees were loaded', Neitunc, Uranus, Jupiter Saturn
,
keep secret, as may gar planters, and yet, although South ,
preserving process patented, and may I with delicious fruit last year and are Florida is as much superior a sugar Mars, Venus, the Earth, Mercury,
wealth from the again this year. the comets and hundreds of smaller
of
reap a harvest country as it was in that day, only a
same.-Orlando Reporter.Our Over yonder where the cypress trees few !scattered acres are so cultivated, planets called asteroids, each revolving
then rose out of the water, they would the of around its center and in some
friend \V. Ken- ; Department Agriculture saysbut
Philadelphia J.
Citra see-what we saw-a beautiful park forty.eight. They endured hard- cases, like Jupiter, sending off five
dig owns a fine. near onn.atc1iffe
grove which it is said by and lawn, a cottage home, and a great ships to place these plantations beyond moons (one of Jupiter's moons has recently -
prairie, orchard of three and four been discovered Saturn his
peach trees, the reach ot frost and ),
those who know, has no equal in that yet we,
It is and fairly years old, laden with Peento, Honey living in the haven which they sought, eight moons, Mars his two moons (one
section. into young with just and Bid well peaches that will be readyfor which is now the center of a civilized of them a very little fellow), the

coming of bearing this, a prospective The market in three or four weeks. country, have not benefited from the Earth its one moon; these satelites,,revolving
season.
crop 3,000 Col. Jones broke off (from a Bidwell fact. The advantages which this around their centers, and
contains and J. W.
grove thirty acres, tree a twig that is about seven inches offers to the having an annular motion around the
has of it and knows county sugar planter are
Boring charge long and bears nine peaches about an planet as the planets revolve aroundthe
take of it. On the not duly recogmzed.BraidentownJournal.
just how to care inch in diameter.-St. Cloud Letterin sun. But at that time all these
place ate eleven acres of oats readyfor Tampa Times. worlds and their satellites were still in
..... the...... cradle.. The_ outlook- --- for--- financial ------ of in-
from the Wissahickon The heaviest of the hail storm a state vapor, revolving space
returns part Our } that has a degree of cold estimated at
ome
gural Lf ,
are excellent -Ocala Banner. :Sunday seems to have lost its force
grove 1000 below zero, which has the effectto
::about the vicinity of the Rectory the - - -- - - -
The reports of the Bureau of Agri- ; Science for Children. cool the outside of these globes
stones were larger there than farther
culture show the hay crop) of Leon Ktlltor Fanner and Fruit Grower. and cause them to shrink and reducein
down the lake. Some
county for the years 1889! 1890 and I specimens measured six conglomerated inches in cir Where does the fire go to when it size, the heavier elements sinking

1891 to have been as follows : cumference. witnesses had goes out ? towards the center of the mass, while
Acre Yon Value. Many Where does the water go to when it the lighter ones, and which remain
ttv'9' 166 aa S 3ASfi never seen such large ones. The ice
tI9 114 ** 4.145 manufactured in the clouds Lake dries up ? permanently gases, such as face oxygen
over
1Ryt ijeo 3,700 >9oooThe Nothing in the universe is lost. hydrogen and nitrogen, remainedon
Worth made of in
crop of 1889 averaged about on Sunday was use Then when a pile of brush, or of logs, the surface surrounding it.
all the houses. Some had iced
1 !VS tons to the acre, and $14.88 per water or of a fine hotel, like the Lagonda As the process of cooling went on
for the first time the lake. A sick
on
ton; the crop of 1890 averaged about House in Interlachen, which last Sunday the vapor composing the earth became

2j4 tons per acre, and $15.46 per ton; person was thankful for a longed-for morning was reduced in forty I semi fluid, like melted iron, and at
comfort that ice be manufactured
the crop of 1891 averaged about two ; can minutes to a small heap of ashes, is i this stage the earth was reduced nearlyto
tons per acre, and $10.74 per ton. with economy and dispatch on Lake burned, what becomes of them ? You its present size.

Those producing a surplus did not get Worth has been abundantly proven.- see a small quantity of ashes, occupy- A new force was now brought to

so much for it in 1891 as 1989, but the Juno Sun. ing, perhaps, a thousandth part of the bear in more rapidly cooling the

very fact of a decline in price shows About a mile from Kissimmee great space previously occupied, but of the earth's surface and forming its crust,

that the home demand was more than fields, extending as far as the eyes rest you behold nothing. If not de viz., water. Up to this time there

supplied. And even at $10.74 per could see, were spread out before us, stroyed, where are they ? had been no water upon the earth,
acre hay will yield more cash than and some one said: *'Why, what is The ashej are simply what the logs, but electricity had been formed by

cotton.-Tallahasseean.Prof. that, wheat?" "No; it must be oats." brush or building in their productionhad the friction of the various gases, andit

Norman Robinson, State "Surely it can't be rice." But it was taken from the earth. All else it resulted in uniting the two gases-

Chemist, who was appointed last yearas rice, from two to ten inches high, in had taken from the air or water, and two parts of hydrogen gas and one

the agent of the United States Department I symmetrical rows, and of a rich, moist when it was burned that portion that part of oxygen gas-into water. These

of Agriculture to procure green, showing uu finely against the was taken from air and water went two gases, floating in space, and which
and forward an exhibit of Florida black soil. Two miles further up the back to its own, as what it took from cannot be seen or felt, cease to be gas

soils, with complete analyses thereoffor road one great field of the fine green the earth went to its own. and become water. All boys and

the Government exhibit at the Exposition was partially submerged, and we were The time was in the history of the girls know the effect of bringing waterin

has, after many months of informed that the big white building world's creation when not only the contact with fire is to cause it to

gratuitous and exceedingly fatiguing off to the right was the irrigating plant, elements of wood, hay, stubble and evaporate( into steam and pass( off into

effort, succeeding in procuring andanalyzing which had flooded the whole field and grass were all a vapor, but gold, silver, the atrrtoftfihere, where it continues to

; fifteen samples: from as had just shut off the pump. The surface iron, copper and other mineral sub- rise until it comes into contact with

many different sections of the State water was slowly running off, and] stances of earth were also vapor, andso cold currents, which cause it to con

which are now nearly ready for ship- by the time we returned in the evening expanded that the earth on whichwe dense, that is, become water again,

ment to Chicago. Each sample com- had almost disappeared. From live occupied a space equal to that and fall back to the earth in drops of

prises a section of soil four inches this point until we reached St. Cloudwas now occupied by the sun. Its occu- rain. G. W. HASTINGS.Cetieui .

square and three feet in depth, taken an almost unbroken field of first pancy in space was eighteen hundred [ t1 next week.)

out with great care, and presenting as rice, then sugar cane. The immensecane times greater than it is now. Accord ..S

it lies in the neat box provided for it a fields reminded the visitors of the ing to the nebular theory the whole About Jiggore.IMitor .

view of each succeeding stratum from splendid corn fields in the fine farming universe of worlds, the millions of Farmer and Fruit Grower:

top to bottom. Glass covers will regions of Indiana and Ohio. But nobody stars we Fee at night, were once amass Do you know what jiggers are? If

be provided for each box, and yet quite realized that not only of vapor occupying space. By you have never had any personal experience

the analyses of each soil will accompany the smooth, firm bed of the railroad, some great explosion different systemswere of them you are lucky. Can

the sample. The fifteen specimens but the cane and rice were on land formed, revolving around a com- you or any of the numerous readersof

to which Florida was limited that a few years ago was from three mon center- these in time throwing your paper tell me if they know of

.
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j



FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. 305


anything to prevent the troublesome same time serving the purpose of pro. SALT-RAISED BREAD.-Pour upon a consequently they seldom fly off his
insects getting into your feet, or if they tecting the rooms from the cold north. teacupful of milk sufficient boiling grounds, and are not molested by

know of any lotion or other application ern breezes.Do water to bring it to blood temperature, hunters.

to kill them when they enter the Nor WORRY. lately saw a or about 90 degrees-must not be too .
feet? I may say that all the care and woman who looked 20 years and said hot or you will fail-add a very little Kill off tho Roosters.

attention to cleanliness does not keep she was 40. She was born and bredin salt and sugar, say one.fourth of a tea. It is high time that the roosters on
the unwelcome visitors off, and the poverty and had worked hard all spoonful of each; then stir in one large '.all the farms of the State had their

most remarkable thing is how the in- her life, yet she had the whitest of tablespoonful of corn meal or Graham heads cut ofl. The sitting season has

sect gets to the feet through the boots teeth, a slim, pretty figure and a milk flour and two tablespoonfuls of wheat passed, and with it the necessity for

and socks. and rose complexion, with a face as flour; mix all up to the consistency of fertilized eggs. For the rest of the
A WHITE: MAN. plump and as smooth as that of a girl pancake batter and set to rise by plac- year the rooster is a back number poll*
Watlingt bland Ilahatua of 16. "How on earth do you do ing the cup or bowl containing it in tician, and he should be relegated to

Dr. Dawson. Turner, an English it?" I asked. "Well, I never worry," warm water; should water gather on innocuous desuetude.. The drone in
traveler of note, wrote a little book, she answered. "If anything troublesme top dust a little flour and stir. If set the hive is as profitable to the farmeras
"Hints and Remedies (for the Treat. I think first whether I can remedy in the early mprning it will rise by is the rooster in the yard, and the

rent of Common Accidents and Dis it. If not I throw it away (from me noonrix as other bread, put in drone does as much to earn his honeyas

eases," and in an appendix to it he like a heap of old clothes, and that is pans at once, and let it stand until the rooster does to earn his corn.

recommends the anointing of the body the end."-Eliza Connor, in Star Say light, when it is ready for the oven. The rooster won't get any fatter, run

with the best sweet or olive oil. lie ings. DANGER IN CHEAP THIMHLES. ning at large as he does, and he mayas

says: "I oiled myself all over, from ADULTERATION OF CO.'FEE.-The Women and girls who earn their living well be beefed now as later. In
head to foot, with the best sweet or lovers of Mocha or Cordova coffee by sewing often complain of sorenessof fact, his drumsticks might as well have

olive oil. Rub the oil) well in with will be interested in knowing that, ac. the finger on which they wear their been roasted a month ago as now, and

the palm of your hand over the whole cording to the most recent authorities, thimble, and sometimes serious swelling there are several reasons why his career -
body-head, face and all- in a warm the adulteration of coffee is a very with inflammation is the result. should have terminated before

room, before a fire, i if possible. It is common thing. Among the most This is very often caused by the constant this. Some people are disturbed in
quite a mistake that oiling oneself with I the early morning by his lusty
common methods employed are the I use of a cheap thimble, for these crow,
sweet oil is a nasty, dirty operation. I admixture of coloring matters ; polish- low-priced articles are composed of and if they only dared they would
The oil sinks into the skin at once and and of lead have long ago choked off his unneighborly -
ing burnishing cheap grades to or something equally injurious.
does not stain either cotton or linen. practicing of vocal exercises
give them a better appearance ; the Silver or plated thimbles are the best
The only effect is that you feel lithe admixture of Swedish beans, which and safest, and, when these are too expensive when good people wish to slumber.
and supple; and it enables you to defy look exactly like the genuine article ; a good substitute can be foundin There may be something in the cool

the sanguinary attacks of your creep. and, in the case of roasted and ground a highly burnished steel thimble. morning air that is conducive to de

ing, crawling and skipping enemies." coffee, the addition of chicory, beans, For practical every day use, this latter veloping a clear, ringing, chanticleerian -
rubbed the body is voice but if the male chicken in-
Pennyroyal over peas, corn, rye, acorns, the shells of kind is the most convenient; but pew
said to be efficacious against jiggers sists on developing vocal expression at
,
i almonds and other nuts, burnt sugar, ter or lead should never be used, especially -
or, in default of the plant, use the oil. pea hulls, and steaming to increase by people whose flesh is slowto an unseemly hour, he should hie him
------ ---.- -- weight. heal after a cut. away to a more secluded spot than the
STEAMED: : BROWN BREAD.-One poultry house generally occupies. The
quart each of corn meal and milk, PET ECONOMIES.-Did you ever RECLINING ROIIES.-A new garment energetic farmer may listen with complacency

one pint of rye meal, one teacupful of think of your pet economy? Nearly called a "reclining robe" is added to to a 5 o'clock crow, but the
#I every one has one. For instance, thereis the articles of which
molasses, and two teaspoonsful of I wearing apparel 3 or 4 o'clock notes trangress all the
Price's Cream Baking Powder. Adda the man, the very reverse of nig constitute the comfort of a bedroom. bounds of IJropriety. It the biddies
gardly, who will race from library to .This delightfully convenient robe is
little salt and steam four hours. had the say so, the chicken that wears
WASHING MATTING. Matting hall and from hall to drawing-room, to I made of a soft China silk, decorated or the spurs would not be as numerousas
get the full value of a sulphur match.A not but if decorated, having a showy
should never be washed with anything ; he is,and there would be more quiet
but salt and water-a pint of singed finger or a smutch on the pattern of flowers or figures, among attention paid to business than there is
carpet is a minor matter compared to which last disks and circles liked
are
salt to half a pailful of soft water mod at present. The biddies always lay
the major economy of one match to and with a thin cotton batting
very
with more when there are no roosterson
erately warm. Dry quickly a eggs
three burners. Then we all know a 'between the silk which forms the
ex
the tht farm and the same keep
soft cloth. Twice during season :. eggs
woman caught in a shower will rUin ternal fabric, and the sateen of a bright,
will probably be sufficient washing fora ; longer than the fertilized ones. A fertilized
ten dollars' worth of feathers rather unfigured kind, which forms the lining.
bedroom, but a room much used will egg contains an embryonic
than indulge in a fifty-cent cab. It is The is that of
shape a lengthened
require it somewhat oftener. chicken, and a temperature of 92 degrees -
these little pinprick economies which with wide
Japanese immensely
gown starts him to developing. The
IhuAn.-Boil half
OATMEAL a pintof contrast so oddly with lavish expend sleeves the wrist and ''
at having abroad
open first cool night stops the but
oatmeal in salted process
thoroughly water,
itures.- Boston Traveler.A .
turned-back which shows
piece ,
the next hot day starts it
and when boiled add to it three.fourthsof up again,
the The robe is corded all
DIFFICULT FEAT.-Place six me- lining.
until after a few see-saws the minute
of milk mix in
a pint ; carefully one dium-sized potatoes on the floor at one around, and has a very wide, flatly. chicken dies and invites decay. An
of flour
and a half pints previouslysifted side of the room, about a foot apart. laid collar, under which there is a cord egg with a ghostly embro does not
with three of Price'sCream
teaspoonsful Then one of the party (who has pre. with tassels, to be knotted loosely. make the best seasoning for a cake.
Powder and half
Baking a tea. viously practiced and become perfectin The sole purpose is comfort, and it is Better leave the egg unfertilized, and
of salt. Grease the bread
spoonful performing the feat) takes up an said of this robe that it id so comfortable thus have no embryo monkeying with
well and bake in moderate
a oven
pan ordinary teaspoon, lifts a potato from that it puts one to sleep.-Domestic its keeping quality. Your peace of
A LAUNDRESS APRON.-A useful the floor with it and carries it across Monthly. mind in the early morning and the

addition to the laundry belongings is a the room on the spoon, and puts it fullness of your pocketbook from the

laundress apron, (for the benefit first, into a basket placed for the purpose. sale of more and better keeping eggs
of the woman who takes the work from The potato must be touched only Poultry, demand the removal of the roosters'
the lines, and incidentally for the one with the spoon-not with the hand. heads.

r who pays for the clothespins. This He must then repeat the operation on Edited_by_ E._ W. AMSDEN...-r-,Orrooad._ Fla._ .. .
should be a strong garment of tickingor the remaining five potatoes, and must Squab-Raising in Florida.Mr. If you feel weak

denim, with the front turned up complete the task within a given time W. S. Funk, of Bradford coun and all worn out takeBROWN'S
more than half and stitched into a.I I -for instance, five minutes. He then ty, has been for some months raising
pocket. Into this pocket the pins may challenges anyone in the room to do pigeons of several varieties, tumblers, IRON BITTERS

be dropped-and saved.lIousElIEAT1SG.IJrof.. the same. "Oh! it is easy enough," carriers, pouters and some others; and

Morse of cries some one, and he forthwith tries he has lately made a successful experi :/61at1..Dltd/. *.."."Gu,0/\.h.,, ...
Salem, Mass., thinks he has solved his skill, when he does not find it ment in shipping squabs to Northern WELLMACH'YA6? "".. -.,.,. Lo. will
.
the problem of house-heating. He quite as easy as he imagines. That is I markets. A few were placed in a re- 1500 *g eI",gt. The American Well.lfW Works.' ',Aurora,111.c *. ItI..,
has built a house, all of whose rooms when the fun begins. To get the potato frigerator, in common quart cups suchas also.Chicago: ilL Dallas Tex, Sydney. N S-W.

face the South, nearly all of the front into the spoon is difficult, and to strawberries are shipped in, and
being glass. By means of reflectors balance it in the spoon while carryingit sent by express. They reached New
the whole house can be heated on across the room is even more so. York in good condition, and sold at SPRAVMADE
sunny days with sunshine alone. At Naturally with each failure the merri $3.25 per dozen. They are not diffi

rafjht and on cloudy days fires are ment increases. The potatoes must cult to raise, except that they are BY
built. A passage-way affording en- be of a fair size, and not so formed as troubled somewhat by hawks. Mr. THE DEWING ,CO., SALEM, 0.

trance to all the rooms runs along the to afford an easy grip for the edge of I Funk's place is some distance out of HCNION&HUBBCLL.WMUr* A...,.. CHICAGO.XU.
northern side of the house, at the the spoon. the village; he feeds the pigeonsAwell, Writ tot Catalogue*ad TJUUTUX o*ttraAtuta.THE .




;,'






d _\c.....-.._ ..- __ ..



r i

80G THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.
-------- ---- ---

Tccjwo& country two million boxes. Last year opportunity to sweat and start, if it I of 15 per cent. Mr. Goodsell thoughtnot

OirGROWER this number had decreased 614,000 would, then be repacked here for the quite so much, but they make

f RfL1E1FB boxes. At present they are comingin voyage. He would pack in two styles; money bringing fruit from Italy at 25

rapidly-128,000 boxes afloat for one, the extremely fancy Sicilian stylea cents a box.

STEPHEN POWERS, Editor. America April 25-yet this will soon ( box of Sicily lemons, fairly glitter He said further if the growers would

P. O. Address, Lawtey, Hla. slack up, and Italian importationsare ing with tinsel paper stood at the pledge him 500ooo boxes, he believedhe
,
-- bound to go on decreasing. rostrum) costing 75 cents a box; the could get a reduction of five centsa

CONTENTS. TilE OUTI.OOK. other, the plain Florida way costing box on all routes, sea or rail. He
-
Gaeve AND Oacit ARD-Oranjje Culture..... 299 He referred again to California's 3:5; cents. had Jone as much for the California
But af Its Kind; Fire Blight in the Pear;
What caused the Rot;Swine in the Grove jeo enormous increase in production. Replying to a question, he said if a growers last year.

THE lUlf-Sbade PUlRRV-tudy.. .. ..of. .Diseases. .. .. ....;.Culture.........in.. Sot They themselves do not know what grower chose to send his oranges to.. BASING POINTS AND ROUTES.
FAKMR AND TKUCKK*-Picking and Pack. destiny they are shaping for them.I him packed for the voyage he would i In reply to questions, Mr. Good-
Tomatoes LouWana Grass S the
-are
tag ; ; I
Toads;To Preserve Grain from Weevil.: .. 302 selves, what crops they are about to not repack at Jacksonville, but would sell said: his idea was to concentratethe
TOBACCO-Tobacco: Culture No. .t; Idea of a to do it. Some of the
Cuban New Method of J Applying Kerosene pour upon the world. Look at River. prefer leading, trade at Jacksonville as
..;. .. .... .......... ........ .... .. 303 would well orange
side alone-in 1881, 15 carloads of intelligent growers pack but he would
AriARY-Some Misapprehensions .... .... 303 much as possible, not
OUR RURAL Houu Science for Children; oranges; in 1892, 1,402 carloads; this enough for an Atlantic voyage, but insist that all should be
About Jigger. ....... ................. .. 304 oranges
year, over 2,000 most of the small growers would'not; this He wishes
POULTRY-Squab Raiting; Kill Off the Rooster shipped through city.
*........ ............... ... ... ...... JSKwreaiAL Look at California's total fruit out. these he wanted to have an opportuniyto
-Orange Congress..... .. .... 306 simply to have one or more convenient -
Vt>gt't.b-Ielbprrs..... . .. ..301 put-fresh and dried-in 1890 16,000 repack. which he
Orange tlewer.t'r................ ...... 368 basing points, from
carloads; in 1891, 18,000; in 1892, He would say that most of the fruit would, by wire from Jacksonville,

25,000.In sent to him for the Ethel wold was well according to the
Weather in Jacksonville. route every shipment
California over production and packed, so far as he could judge by grower's wishes.

Ea. toe Ii. -s0.c: bad plans are at work; the orange outside appearances, but not all. lie
M ean eanJJ TRADE MARKS.
BATE.April a 00 CL ,a d,.-. :c.c 1GO 1--o".".q: growers are making very little money; had been told of one man who shook
Florida has less appreciation than
at........ -74 - -0.00 many none at all. Nominally they his oranges off the trees to be shipped
April 26........ 7* )4 18 i J7J o.o8 any other great fruit section of the
with h the Ethehvold!
the sell them
contract to
packers
April ........ 7* 76 67 n 118 T } .
distinctive
of
immense value a sharp-cut
April April 19 24.4...... 74 8 & 23 18 1181 0.00 0.00 their fruit f. o. b., but actually not WHAT THE GROWERS SAID. individual brandsomethingoriginal ,

April May .18.4 I........ 78 71 76 66 69 10 17 15 1M 000 0.00 five per cent of it is thus sold. The Capt. J. D. Cole, of Palatka, referring and striking something that;

Sums.. .. 7 .774'7M.l! :';i 6T;: ;;: ; ; packer takes it,:ships it, gets the money) to Mr.[ Goodsell's plan of hay will stick in the consumer's,
and the what is left after in memory
ing
E. II. D>LrtA1x, Ol>st rver. gives grower oranges shipped to Jacksonville number
freight and commission are taken out.A field boxes, said the difficulty wouldbe long after a mere name or a
will have faded A simple
ORANGE CONGRESS.A SUGGESTION. to get the empties returned. At away.
lie suggested a National Fruit As Palatka they do everything as cheaplyas name or a stencil number on a box is

Mooting of tho Growers in sociation like that now organized to it possibly could be done at Jacksonville nothing to remember-put a pictureon

Jacksonville. handle California fruit, composed of -at a cost of only thirty centsa it-two flags, a lion rampant, any.
Pursuant his invitation Mr. E.
to thing. The cunning Italians under
27 firms, one in each great city. box. They have the oranges rubbed
L. Goodsell number of the
met a stand this. The gilded and spangled
There is a central office in charge of and scrubbed by machinery a cost
growers at Metropolitan Hall, Wednesday of their is
one man, who directs all shipments, of only five cents a box, and it makes blazonry wrapping papers
May\ 3,, at 10 a. m. foolishness to Americans, but their
but all returns are made directly to them sell for fifty cents a box more.
ORANGE TREES IN CALIFORNIA picturesque trade marks make an impression -
the growers. Mr. Goodsell said it was not his

Mr. Goodsetl said that he had just Replying to a question, Mr.[ Good. aim to secure merely cheapness in ; men never forget them. He
returned from a winter's visit it *Cali- I instanced the celebrated Hatch brandof
sell said that Italian oranges generally packing, but thoroughness such
fornwu 1Vhiletltere he rode over 1,000 begin to arrive in New York December thoroughness as must be used for or California and the Marino brand of
miles horseback the fruit lemons. An obscure grocer in far
on through
i Californias about March i; but anges intended to cross the sea.Mr. .
growing regions, besides other journeying Arizonas are ready to ship by September ( G. W. Adams of ThonotosassaLake Minnesota will telegraph 500 miles

by rail. California is full of 15. When Arizona gets fully I made some excellent remarks on for Marino lemons, and he will haveno

orange trees wherever they are adaptedto into action these three countries will the necessity of careful picking and others.
the conditions. In remote canyons Study your trade mark and have it
cover all the Florida orange season packing. He had been shipping
and mountain where registered not in Florida but in "ash.
passes, no with There ,
competition. are one seventeen years, largely to Minnesota,
one would xpect to find a human hundred square miles of orange land and in all this time he has never had ington. Hatch's trade mark will sell

habitation, he would come upon an around Phoenix, Arizona. but one bad return which was last a box of fruit at So cents above another
orchard of to box just as good or even better;
forty
orange sixty acres, PLANS FOR THE FUTURE.If year. He never allows men to pickin
the fruit of which will he it is worth thousands of dollarsto
have to be he could get sufficient encour- a sack. lIe has the fruit picked says

hauled twenty miles to market. agement he would start for Englandin into a soft lined basket; they are not him.

lIe estimates that California has six few charter but DISTRIBUTION OF THF. PRESENT CROP.
a days to two steamers; poured out picked out; and he

million orange trees planted, Arizonaone he would like to dispatch one from never packs an orange until it has lain Mr. Goodsell estimates the coming

million, Louisiana a million and a Florida November i, another Novem and cured at least five days and generally crop at five million boxes, but the +

half. In five years the United States ber 15. He has about 10,000 boxes a week. general sentiment was that it would

will produce, at the present rate of in- pledged already.It Mr. B. W. Powell Micanopy[ has exceed that figure, though a number

crease, thirty million boxes of oranges. would\ be hard to improve on the had a similar experience for five years. said their oranges were dropping freely

PRESENT CONSUMPTION.The packing of the Ethelwold's cargo, yet He never ships an orange until it has and others have red spider to a serious

United States now consumessix he would not stow oranges again in cured three days, and he never gets extent. In view of this immense crop

million boxes. Estimating, as an the upper deck; that was where they bad returns. he called for practical suggestions, but

outside limit, that the increase of con. rotted.If FREIGHT RATES. none were forthcoming.Capt. .

sumption will be a million boxes a I his plans carry, he will erect Mr. Goodsell and Captain Cole disk Cole said: Get a cider mill

year, in {five years we shall be consuming here in Jacksonville a central packing cussed the question, what: is the lowest and grind up your drops and culls,

only eleven million boxes, house, at least 100 x 100 feet, and put rate at which a steamer can carrya peel and all. One barrel of juice will

while the production will be thirty in it Sicilian packers. lie would have boA of oranges to New York? Mr.[ make eight barrels of vinegar, and

millions. the oranges by preference shippedhere Goodsell said 25 cents. Captain Cole there is a good demand for it. The

Five years ago Italy sent to this in field boxes, to give the fruit said that would give the vessel a profit peel will not hurt the flavor of it, but











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1



;J THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. 307

__ M

if choose peel the OUOCE1UE8. the best Is cheapest. Strictly Pure White
you you can. orange I
Butter, gilt edge.... .. .. .. .... .. ...... 35 P tulL Lead is best ; properly applied it will not
before milling. lie sold all his peelto Cheese, full cream .. ...... .. .. ....... .14 I n aI: I scale, chip, chalk, or rub off; it firmly adheres
in DulutH Cheese, J$ cream . ..... .. ... .......... .12" to the wood and forms a permanent base for
medicine maker
a patent KraporatedapiicotsHraporated ...... ..... .... .... .16 removed or
peaches............ ...... ,. .14 repainting. Paints which peel or scale have to be by scraping .
at five cents a pound, and patent Evaporated apples............. .. ...... .n burning before satisfactory repainting can be done. When buying it is important
medicine out of the Dried peaches. .. .. ....... .............. .jo to obtainStrictly
men never go Dried apples. .. .. ..... ................... .08
business! Currants .. .. ..... .........?........ 06
Citron .. ... .. .... ................ .. .16 Pure White Leadproperly
A luncheon had been spread in the Prunes. Turkish..... ...... .............. .13
Raisins L. L. box... .... ......... .....$I.go
of the hall and at Mr. Goodsell's Hig, Dnr .. ... ...................... 13
rear Nuts, mixed .. .... ........................ .12 made. Time has proven that white lead made by the "Old Dutch"process
invitation the now assembledand ..* Almonds. .. ...... ..... .... .......... .18 of slow corrosion possesses qualities that cannot be obtained by any
growers HngUlb.atnut....................... 14 other method of manufacture. This consumes four to six months time
partook of it. 44 Pecans ........... .. .... ...... .. .13 process the
.. Filberts.......... ........ . .. .... .. .12 and produces the brands that have given White Lead its character as
The afternoon session we had not '. BrazilNuU..... .. .... .... .. .. .... . .u standard paint."ANCHOR" .
(Cincinnati) "RED SEAL (St. Louis)
time to report before our forms closed.JVEari :Market Notes. ECKSTK1N (Cincinnati) KENTUCKY (Louisville)
"SOUTHERN (St. Louis and Chicago) ATLANTIC "(New York)
JACKSONVILLE, May 4. COLLIER.to (St. Louis* "JEWETT" (New York)

] ets The sudden drop in the shipments of are standard brands of strictly pure Lead made by the Old Dutch" process.

.... oranges was to IHJ expected; the Fruit You get the best in buying them. You can produce any desired color by
... ...
Exchange oflicers report only about 500 tinting these brands of white lead with National Lead Co.'s Pure White

JACKSONVILLF., FIJI., April 27. boxes as their week's work, while the Lead Tinting Colors.

FRUITS AND VKGHTABLKS. outward movement through every channel For sale by the most reliable dealers in Paints everywhere. .
choice was correspondingly light, as seen If you are going to paint it will pay you to send to us for a book containing information
Extra
These are average quotations. dollar ft will cost a postal card to do so.
only
that save many ; you
lets fetch prices above top quotations, while poor below. But how shall wo account for may you

lets Oranges ell lower., i.75toa.as the falling oil in vegetables? NATIONAL LEAD CO.,

..
.. ir. ; i.75toa.5o STEAMER CARGOES. I Broadway, New York.
.
.. ; -' a.ootoj.oo 1.75102.25 The steamers of the Clyde Lino carried

Petaeteft, ... 2.50103.00 away only about 1,800::! boxes of oranges
Apple, ruwKl.......... _.. 4-00104.50 and 400 crates of vegetables. Of the standard crate, 2.25 to 3.50; ordinary riNKAITLK PRICES.
Letaons.Fla... 1.50 to 2.00 Ocean Steamship Comiwiny's vessels, the stock, ;per crate or carrier, 75c to l."K(). NEW YORK, :May 1.-Havana pines,
.
Messinarineapples ........ 3.50 IblwlEUt & SON.
crate.....eo..... ......... 5.00 following are reported: Nacoochee, April 7.50 to 18.00. Pines arriving very green
Bananas, bunch .......... ........... 1.50 to 1.75 25, 1,4301oxes of oranges, 5,480 crates of and sell slow. April 24 1, P. Ruhlman &
Potatoes.. choice..... ................ 3,00 vegetables; Dewoug (to Philadelphia), ST. i.Ol'11, May 1.Strnwherril's.Ii: Co,, received 1,755 barrels, prices rnnJt-
., 3.00 sissippi and Tennessee, 1.50 to 2.00 pc'r lug from 6 to 16 cents. April 27 they received
New 1> .... 7.00 to 8 oo April 27, 30 boxes of oranges, 420& cratesof
Onions, red' bbls.................. .. 4.00 vegetables: Gate City, April 27. 55:) 21-(luart case; Arkansas, 2.00 to 2.50; 1.113 barrels, :and May 1, l( ,710
.. )allow ........._..M.I...... 400 boxes of 607 crates of vegetables Florida oranges, bright, 2.75 to :SI.50; California barrels arrived in New York.
oranges
Bermuda imported, per bu 2.00 Navels: :3.00 to 3.50; new potatoes Havanassell in original packages if
of 28 78:1: boxes ,
Sweet potatoes bbl..... 1.50101.75 ; City Augusta, April ,
Florida cabbage !> 1.75 of oranges 0,852 crates of vegetables, : 4.50 barrel: 1.35: : to 1.40 sack; 1.00 reasonably sound, 12 cents for extras, 10

Beets, Dew.per too. 1.00101.50 City of Birmingham, April :30, IKM !xxcs to 1.10 box; cabbage, Florida. 1.25:; to 1.75: ; cents for Is, 8 cents for 2s, 5 and 6 cents
Carrots, dozen: .... .... .25 of 4,223: crates of vegetables. tomatoes 1.00 to 1.25!: crate: i peas, Mississippi \ for 3s. If rehandled for orders :2 cents
....
ar.nlp..dOlen.: .35 oranges bushel, 1.00() to 1.2:): beans 1.25 to more is about what is asked.

Celery KffK Hants,crate small.. ........... 1.50 250 to 2.00.40 ORANGES:: BY HAIL. 1.50 for wax :and round; cokes 1.50 to The bteamship Panama arrived from
BN ns, crate 1.00101.50 Shipments going forward by alp-rail 2.50 case: egg plant. 1.50: dozen.P. Havana with 4.308& : barrels pines. The

Green Cauliflower' peas,,barrel bushel-crate... ...... 1.50102.00 J.oo routes for the above) period, estimated M. K nix & Co.LOUISVILLK auction sale of pine Tuesday was so poor

1.50102.00 at 0,350: Iwxes.VEGETABLES. that nothing from this f'teamcrVa.'I offered -

Squashes, .crate........_... 1.50 ; DOING FORWARIK :, May Cabbage.,: :3.00 to at auction. Wednesday green

Coooanutt Peanuts best .. .. .07 4-5 The following estimates are furnished: 3.25: ; now onions, 4.00 to 4.50 barrel new pines were hard to monico ripe stock

Strawberries.. ............."....... 8to .10 Beets 1,1150: () crates: (cabbage 41,:''OO) crates l beets 50() to (Vic dozen; cukes, OOe( to 1.25 bringing good prices: as high as 18 cents

AND EGGS. and barrels' ; tomatoes. 42,500: ( crates: dozen; tUll1atC)( 75c: to 1.50) j peck l>ox; was realized today for ripe extras, while
POULTRY 2,200) crates ciiciimtjero, :3.125 cauliflower :3.00 to 4.00 dozen; stra Ier- green are dull! at 12 cents.
.... .. ....... ........... to .38 hquoshes, :
Hctm. 3J CHICAGO
*>* ? # 25 (We 2.00 to 2.25: May 1.- ) 2.50 to
KooKters................. ............. ..JOJlJ1M.1erl. crates; beans 3,375: crates: new potatoes ries to gallon; )peas Pineapples
................................ .20 10 *3 o 2,500: barrels and crates; egg plants, 025: bushel; (beans, round 2.50 to 3.00() ; squash, 2.75 per dozen fancy; gotxl to poor, 1.75:
Turkeys, per pound ... i6to i6J4c crates; cauliflower, 975) crates; peas, 1.)00crntts. :) fancy GO to 75r dozen. 2.00. St. Louis! 2.75: to :3.00 for fancy;
Ducks.35to .50 2.00 to 2.25 for choice. Louisville, :3.00
.....
Geese HltI '.. ....... .. ....... ............ .... .50.15 CHICAGO, May 1.-Florida oranges, to 3.50 per dozen.
HAY, GRAIN, BTC. NEW YomIay: Ist.-Oranges: Indian 177-200, 2.50 t Oo"v.') I' \; California navels: I .
and Halifax Rivers 3.50 to :5.00, other 3.00: to :I.ro: straw!K'rries, Mississippi, Tho Vegetable Express-An Ex-
White Mixed Born corn! small" .)S) 1.25 i.o I brights. 3.25 to 3.50; russets 2.50 to 3.00. 2.00( to 2.50 i>er case; Louisiana. 1.00 to tonslvo Railroad System.

\Vltitroata, .. 1.85 Strawberries, Norfolk, 15:) to 20c; Charles 1.50 per 21-pint& case ; l beets 25: to SOc) i per Tic( Pennsylvania Railroad has brought

Mixed oats, small.lots..... .... ..... 1.75 I ton, 15: to 2Oc ; North Carolina, 8 to 13c.: dozen; cabbage, Florida, 2.00( ) to 2.25; upon| itself the strong hostility of the
Hay.Wheat No.bran I Timothy small lots........ 19.00 20.00 Potatoes, Florida :5.00 to 7.00.I'pam- Louisiana, 2.75. t to OJ.J.O)(): cokes, 1.25. to com in fusion merchants of New York and

Wheat Middling, per ton. 21.00 gus colossal, 6.00 to 7.00; prime, 4.00 to 1.50: iKr .dozen; eggplant, choice. 50c i Philadelphia by compelling the former
Ground fcc*l. frnshcorn, and oats.) per sack 1.25: bbl to 1.50:) iH r dozen onions 1.00 to .1 1.50 per receive their of Southern
-- Florida 75 ; to
-- -- -
-- to
---- Beets
5.00. a shipments
( ;
j of 100 pounds; .... .... .... .... .'.. ..... .. 1.50Feed : ;5) :3.50
meal per sack of too pounds less Charleston per broach 4 to 7e. Cabbage: I IK)X: tojnah>l'ri. I''lorida:1. to per produce in Jersey City, and the latter

4 I quantity per ton .... ..... ...... .. .. .... 23.00 Charleston and Savannah 1.75 to 2.25;); box. theirs inVest Philadelphia, over three
Rite flour, per cwt.... ..... .... ........... .. .90 Florida, 1.00 to 2.00. (Cukes 3.50 to miles from the natural center of produce
... .. ..
Pure Prepared wheat steam, per cooked NIck of too cow rounds feed per cwt. 1.40 4.50. Peas Savannah and Charleston CICIiS.T1In.: .)' 1.-Florida oranges, trade. The result is the nil-rail route

impound sacks .... .... .... . ., ..... 1.30 GO to tOc::! ; North Carolina baskets. 1.25: i fancy, :3.50 to 4.& (00) ; California navels! from Florida is losing the advantages
Prepared' steam cooked horse feed, per cwt, to 1.50; half-barrel crates, 1.00 to 1.25: ; ::1.25 to 3.50; new itatoes 0.00( to 0.50 i which it ,iKwsessed, and shippers| and consignees .
impound .. .. . .... ..... 1.50 ,
1.50 2.00 tomatoes,
Pearl grit, per barrel... ......... ... ...... 3.10 bushel crates, 60 to 75c. Kale 75c to per[ barrel 1: crate, to ; alike are asking for more steamers
Pearl meal per barrel. .. .. .. ........ .... 3.10 1.00. lettuce, Florida Charleston and lirimo to choice, 2.00 t to 2.50; l beans, 2.00 in order to turn the flank of this
Flour,bet winter wheat patent .......... 5.25 Norfolk, i>er basket 1.00 to 1.25; ; Norfolk, >er bushel; cabbage Florida, choice, powerful but unaccommodating corpor-
... .............
Flour, extra fancy family : 4.30 bbls, 2.00 to 2.50.; Radishes, 50 to 75c 2.50 to 3.00; Mobile, 2.50 to ::1.25. ation.
Half barrel, either brand, barrel .
( : 2c per
extra.) Spinach 1.50 to 2.00. Squash yellow While the Savannah, Florida & Western

Cotton seed meal bright Ier ton.. . .. .. 28.00 1.50 to 2.00: white. :50 to '75c. Beans, HALRS. i Crhnp8.not more friendly -
AUCTION
Dark ten.or....Soft. ...Island.. ....cotton. .... ...seed. ....meal. .... .per.... 23.00 wax, 4.00( () to 5.00; green, :3.50: to 4.50. i Blake & Ripley, Boston, April 25: to Jacksonville, than the Pennsylvaniais
Pure ground bone fine. per ton ..... ... .. 33.00 Tomatoes carriers, S.fjO<) to :3.00. Eggs,: to thoMj two great cities of the North,
Rene and potash, per ton. .... .... .... 35.00 Charleston) and Savannah: 12 to 14c; Virginia Calfornia Navels 2.25 to 2.35: seed. there is no doubt that it has done and is
Ctermankflinit, perton .. .......... .... .... 17.00 : lings,1.37 to 2.75: Florida oranges; 2.62 vast amount of good work for
Land planter .. ..... .. .. ... .. .. .. ......... 10.00 142 to 15ic.1'AL31ER. ; doing a
Nitrate Soda tfcc per pound; per ton. ... .. 55.00 KIVENBURG & Co to :3.50. ixmielos) ::1.87 to 4.37.E. Florida. When the new line is constructed

Muriate potash. %c per pound: per ton.. 50.00 I L. (;Joodsell, New York April 25; bridging the gap from High
S4 H hate potash, x per pound; per ton..... 3.1.00 to Dunnollon this
Sulphate potash 90 per cent..... ....-... .. 55.00 }'JlILAUY.I.I'JlI.PA.., May 1. Oranges Florida oranges, 1.05 to 2.70; Tangerines Springs many-
branched will stretch unbroken
selected sizes :3.50: to system
Fancy )halves .70 to 1.05.
SEEDS: ETC. from to Charleston the north
Tampa on ,
Peas. Clay.... . . .. .... .... .. .. .... .... .aoWhlppoorwill 4.50: choice to fancy, straight lines 2.75 Sgolwl & Day, New York April 20: and Albany and Montgomery tie
.. .. .... ... ... ... .... .... .20iirflCK to 3.75; all large sizes, as quality 2.00 : 21Pomelos & on
.* .. .... .... .... ... .. .. .... .. ..... 1.40 to :3.00. Grape fruit fancy bright, 4.00 Florida oranges, 2.00 to 3.15; April west.
141eek Rye ........... .... ........ .5<> 3.00 to 3.50. Cabbage, I 2.75 to 4.02. The tine steamships belonging to this
.. .. ... to 4.50; russets
.. ... .1.20
.. dippers.. .... .'.. ;;. .. ....... 3.75 choice, hard, medium size 1.75 [to 2.00 ;; :Market Auction Philadelphia.April: system plying between Cuba and Florida
? t+p. ... .. .. ............... .. .... .... .7S fair to good, 1.25 to 1.50. Cauliflower Florida oranges, 2.75: to 3.00; Indian were the means of .securing; to Florida
14asns..". . .. .. .. .... ................ ..... 2.40 ) h. c.., 12.)0)( to 15.003() River 5.10. the fast mail service from Sew York to
** Lima .. ............ 2.75 (ship by expressi per Cuba. There is no doubt that much of
Pearl Cat Tail mttYet, per'pound........ ..... 2oc Egg l b. c.. 6.00 to 9.00. String S. C. Cook, Philadelphia .\priI20:
German or (kifcfen millet. per bushel ... .... 2.00 beans, choice tender, green, 4.00()( to 4.50): California Navels 2.10 to 2.00; seedlings the growth and prosperity of South
, HuBjcarfain CTSM. per bushel........ ........ 2.50 1.75 to 2.50; wax 2.00 to 2.50. Florida to-day is due to the confidence
K.tral HranchtaK Dhoura per pound......... 250Vhke ordinary, ; 1.50:>> to 2.50; Florida oranges, which Mr. Plant had in the State and to
\ taito maize ...... :oc Squash, young and tender, 1.00 to 1.25. brights, 2.85 to :3.20; russets, 2.00 to 3.00. ,
his efforts and liberal of
Kaffir corn '. .. .... ace New potatoes, choice selected per bbl., expenditure?
Amber cane or sorghum It .... ..... Joe 8.00 to 9.00; fair to good per bbl.. 0.00 South Water Street Auction Company, money in railroads, steamships, hotels,
Alfalfa or Lucerne It......... 2oc: 5.00. Chicago, April 25:
II .. to 7.001: seconds, per bbl., 3.50 to etc.This
tatmsen rrass< ..... Iserice ,
I and came-
O W (upland), per bushel.......... 2.00 Tomatoes, strictly fancy, ]per ((0 ) California seedlings, culls, .00 to 1.55. great system collects
Genuine red rustproof oat. ..... ,.,. hoc carrier, 3.00 to 3.50; choice, (per 6 basket) April 20-Calfornia seedlings, culls, .9C lout of the State a large part of the agricultural -
White seed rice It......... 2.25 to 1.50. produce of Florida. Recently
Beggar weed seed, per pound........ .,.... .25 carrier, 2.25 to 2.75; choice to fancy, per>





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i i.AAfa !
I

,
THE FLORIDA FAIDIEn ,AND FRUIT-GROWER. ,
-- -

.
it. officers have established a freight were timely and with otherwise
favorable
r schedule) by which vegetables are trans- conditions, crops show marked Improvement. A CHATHAM MIRACLE organist in St: Peter's Cathedral. In

ported from Jacksonville to New York Some com plaint of those cities I made many warm friends,
in flf tS-right hours and to Baltimore and i; newly planted trees iu droughtnjuring sections and their tributes and gifts shall ever retain
Philadelphia in less time. where the rainfall was light. DR. CARL VERRINDER'3 VICIS as among the most precious of my
A letter received from Jersey, speak growing finely and the Pineapplesire SITUDES OF TORTURE 1odyE 1>> : syions. It was while living in Lon

lug of the receivers, says : "If I may 1 be ready to move. Shipments ClOp will of boon, AND OF HEALTH. don and pursuing' my art with much Earnestness
judge from their manner and expressions tables steadily increasing. rests and labor that I received a strokeof

they all were much nleaMHl. The In good condition. A delayed Urnrlgosrure report from Ho Survives Them all, aud Re itfiralvsis.' })crhal> "-here the speaker

fruit was all in prime condition, and as Dade county states that a heavy hailstorm counts His Wonderful Delivers rose and stretching himself to his full ,
green and fresh as though just picked occurred at Palm Beach, 10 milenorth anco fro n Poverty and height, thus displaying his well-built and '
and again, 'with such accommodations well-nourished frame "I do not look
-
of Hyi>oluxo, on the 23d, which 1 Death, and His Restoration
Florida can proceed 10 plant largely nextsedu did considerable damage. Highest tempemture to Prosperityand like a paralytic. Hut tho truth is I have

rm, assured that their produce will I 89; lowest, :54; ; mean, 75; average Vitror of Mind had three strokes-yes, sir, first, second j
reach markets fresh and green and com rainfall, 0.60. and Body. and third, and they say the third is fatal, .'
mand the highest prices." ninety-nine times out of one hundred.
E. H. DEMAIN Director. ,
(Chatham Planet.
The inauguration of one lino like this Jacksonville Ma., May 3, 1893. ) Yet here you see before you a three-
to New York and another (by whatever --..... In a llaleigh street residence there lives stroke victim, and a man who feels, both

corporation) managed) to Cincinnati and QUESTIONS AND REPLIES. with wife and one child-a little ten- in body and mind as vigorous he ever
Chicago will mark the beginning of the year-old daughter lid in his life. My I ultimate cure I attribute -
ORANGE musician known
deliverance : FLOWER WATER, Mrs. J. (). .
of Florida from bondage, to m) testing the virtues of a
the bondage of cross puifXfeeH, delays, oil Syracuse of Fla. Oi' a fine quality of the, throughout Ontario, if not the whole medicineyhose praise I shall never

neglect and consequent rotten produce orange ]petals take three or four Dominion, as!' a prince among, pianists, cease sounding as long as I live, and
We rejoice heartily in the accumulating drops four inches on a piece of filtering paper about organists and choir masters: -a veritable which I shall recommend to suffering
of twoor three great corporations square) ; put the paper into a humanity t as I am now
like tnaextro and "".izard constantly ,
this-call them monoiwlies if you quart bottle, pour| on four ounces of ; of the Ivory while I know of a case and can doing i
will-for with strength comes speed| and I warm distilled water (about>> 100 1-".) and Keys, and no one who has ever listened 1 the ear of the patient. After removing

with speed{ certainty and directness, and add shake well for two or three minutes; then to his manipulation of the great organ in i to Chatham I hud not long been hero

with sj>eed( ) and directness will come voluminous warm distilled water to make a the Park Street Methodist Church or when my health further began to give
pint, shaking the whole
business and cheaper tramK| >r- time from time to heard him evoke way. Gradually I noted the change. I
until "magic music's
tation at last. cold; lastly filter. To make mystic L felt it first and most strongly in a stom
It will be an auspicious," day for Flor the essence of orange flowers, take the melotl) from the magnificent Decker achic affection which produced constant

ida when she shall have l become of suf oil of orange flowers (neroli bigarade) Grand in his own drawing room>> but will and distressing l1iUldt It grew worse

flcient Importance to constitute one end one pint.half To-ounce make; deodorized J alcohol, one L declare that his eminence is well deserved and worn; myself attributed J it to bad
of a huge of which New syrup of orange flowers and water j oisoning>> my system. One doctor
his
monolKI" dissolve he
six but
ounces of white j leers can (
York is the sugar ( granulated t'saiti it was catarrh of the stomach. Another -
.e e ) in one pint of orange flower among the professors) of the! Divine Art.; pronounced it diabetes still another a

WEATHER AND CROPS. water. The solution should be made The door plate I 1"win* the following inscription a different diagm, is. I doc
by agitation and without heat. A teaspoonful toring but getting relief. Iptried
: no
one
For tho Week Ending May 1 of good rose water added to a medicine after
another but it
rtIUUOtyt was no
1803. pint of orange water adds to its flavor Ovvtr4GfiG4 :.Z.G Grippe attacked me and added to use. \\i

Western District-Cool and clear the these glut you should bear in mind that all o f 3 CONSEVATORY OF MUSIC. C; min. discomfort and weakness. At last my
first part of the week mixtures are likely to In unsatis cj 1 I took to bed and it
; threatening and 1 factory Du. CARL LEO YERRINDER.{ my seemed that I
; not be o
can made
they
light fchowers+ accompanied by thunderstorms without perfect \\J was never going to get well. Nothing
distillation.LUtE .
middle ,mrt>> ; clear and warmer ,) Director. C of a nourishing nature would remain on
latter Following AVII SITI t'-iu. -'-i- yon- --. -Tfrn.- fimnrn. ........ ..... ... c stomach.
part. the heavy rains, H. I'V.. and M. r-"-- .-;---:-.-'-:;--.-.----- -..-..,- ". my No drug: seemed to have
II. P. Take f'\
r
01 lasi wecK one
the n
warm weainer counteracting influence on the disease
was just what was needed sunny for crops and pound of sulphur and two iHmnd.s of To sit, as did a Planet reporter a few which was dragging; me down to death.
they have made excellent growth. Oats quicklime, mix and boil in four gallonsof days ago, in a very atmosphere' of sweet My wife would sit at my !edsde{ and
are still particularly water. Or take four ounces of Milphuret harmony created by Dr. Verrinder's moisten t with
promising. Cane my diluted
of lime and two like I __ ..!lips spirits,
and corn doing well. Cotton planting ounces of ort nnagiciau- touch was aji, ex{>erience -
still continues in home places but the soap, mix and boil, in one gallon of that might well he envied!, and one calculated l

greater part of the crop has Urn planted 1 water. to inspire the most sentimental, BENTON
TEXAS BLUE GRASS-E. II. H. reveries. But & UPSON
and is up. The damage from heavy Eustis. sentimental moods finally)
rains Prof. !tolls, of Lake City Experiment: vanish and leave
last week proves to l lf less than one facing the sober
was estimated.! At Pensacola the excess Station says this gross sustains its former and practical side of life. The music i JACKSONVILLE FLtH.
reputation and itself l censed and the ,
of temperature averaged two degrees proves thoroughly conversation took a turn
daily and the deficiency of rainfall for reliable as a lawn or pasture grass; but leading to the real object of the reporter's
the week was about .75: of an inch. Some it is not meeting with great favor l because call."There IRRIGATING
correspondents report| fine rains but do it is HO hard to get a stand from the seed! are stories abroad," said the
not giro amounts. The average from (which is extremely light and small)and I ewHimiKT>> man, "regarding home extraordinary

stations reporting' measured amounts i is troublesome to propagate it with root deliverance from death which
only .02 of an inch. Highest tempera cuttings. Peter Henderson New York, you have met with recently, doctor. MACHINERY
ture, 02 f ; lowest, :52; mean, 72. offers the seed at $3 a i pound. We have Would you object to stating what, (our: II
Northern District. Light thunderstorms much more faith in the Louisiana: grass, dation there is for them, awl, if any furnish ,
I which we have frequently dl'HCribl'tl. me with the no.rlI+ <
with very light Hhnw( occurred true facts for publica
on two or three days of the week. The GRAPE INSECTS-A. K., Sanwota. The tion?" Dr. VerrindersliruL'gedhisshould. t*
daily execs* of temperature] averaged black specks on the grape shoot were ems ninth laughed. "I have not," he replied Steam and Horse Power.

about <0<} degrees at Jacksonville and the small insects probably a s|>ecies of l eetle 'been given to seeking newspal.crnotoril | ..
rainfall was .78 of an inch deficient. The (Ilaltica). Try an infusion of tobacco t.)', and at fifty-five)'t'ZU1Hf age it .r -

heavy: rain of the preceding. k was on them. is not likely I jlmlllcJin, and yet,* said' Pipe
suflicient for the need of crop and JAPAN CI.o\"EIt-F. Y. 31., :Nashua Fla. the professor; after thinking a momentand Pipe Fitting, Brass

groves in most places: and the warm dry The last of March we had a piece of wire, consulting Mrs. Verrinder, "pE erhaj>>s Valve Hose
days were generally favorable for crops!! grass burned 1 off and sowed with the seed it is I best that I should! give you the circumstances Etc.
except truck fields and gardens and the of Japan' clover. The weather has been for use in The Planet. The WRITE
oat crop which would have been here been favorable and the clover has come "story, of my rescue from t thej grave might FOR ESTIMATES.

fired by heavier hhowers. Highest tens thick, but whether it can hold its own fittingly IKJ prefaced by a little of my

l perature. DO: lowest. 'i: average 74; with the rapidly growing wiregrass remains carly.history.; We resided 1 in Lnglanwhere t i,
average rainfall trace. yet to bo seen. though I was a professor( of music

Central District.-Showers occurred 1 MARKETING: ONIONS-A.J. A., Orlantlu I was not del|, ?ndcnl on my art, as ii 1 i

throughout the greater part of this dis Better ship. in the standard bushel crate_ had acquired) a comjR'tenee. My, wife
trict, being heaviest in thecotintieH, s h! oral. length of slat,outside measure 23:)inches was an heiress, having I'oO.OOO) in her? 13 t }
eringon the Gulf coal....t. The heaviest: heads and center piece, 81- xlG inches, 1; qwn right. Through the rascality of a .
fall reported d, 2.14 t inches, occured at inch thick; 4 slats on the wide side of f broker hhe was robbed almost of all her

wJt Plant__ ... "..City_ HillsUrough.. county.__ In theoiv.nv.Mi the crate: three on tlu narrow .siiliSTAWHERRIES .----. failure(ortuI}('. while bv- the Ilnnlr nf- (t- ----0'-laJou'o\\.' y' ALL THE.COMFORTS
r4W' '..,OUSt \ll III..- tli!'.trict HIT ftlllloccurred. DYING G. my money vam.xhed forever. It +
I. B.
The crops and orange groves Green. Plants killed Howling became necessary for me then to return 'Y
by c.ommercialll'r-
in the sections where showers occured tilizer do to my profession in order to live. I do -
are rejKirted to l 1)e doing# well but in a narrow not burnt turn margin black around: they first show not speak of it Ixxastingly, but I stood OF HOME :
other sections: where the rainfall the leaves theedgesof well among the musicians of that day s'to .
was and
this
light, or where none occurred truckersare case is'ere, until the grows whole wider leaf if is the in the old land. My fees were a guinea includes the great temperance drinkHi.Ae'Root
lesson, and it'aK
beginning to complain on account of i volved Did examine to no uncommon thing.;
you see whether
drouth. The temperature| averaged 1 2 the white grubs had not cut oil the for me to give twenty in a day. We
to 3 degrees above>> normal, and there roots? came to America, landing in Quiche :

was probably a little more than the average The Paine Fertilizer Co's where I anticipated getting an engagement
office
amount of sunshine. The at i as organist in the cathedral, but
heavy Jacksonville, at the suggestion of their was intt dl. klt gives New Life to the Old Polka
rain at Plant City on the :Nth? was accompanied New York office and their disapK| > Subsequently) ,
New York moved to St, Catherines in Pleasure to the Parents
by hail but no damage of agents, will which city 1 1procured I
inaugurate a system of cut Health to the Children.
an organ and choir and
any continence resulted. Highest tern.pernture. rates on all agricultural chemicals soon
-
U4; lowest, 52; mean, 76; average December 15th.: This will lx after I had a large clientele. Later, in order, as Good tor.i1l- oo4 All tit Tim*.,
purely: an I thought to better '
rainfall. of an inch. experiment. You had my fortune, I t took -
better take ad up residence in London A*s cent package maVet FIn
my first
Southern District. Fine r
filling
rains occurred vantage of it while it lasts. See ad. z: x Ikturtaadgrt
over the greater part of this section." They page 312. on an engagement with a Methodist church Ifeaf ialloas.l Huiis.'
and
afterwards
accepting the l position:) oj)

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I i THE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER. 800 .

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fessor entertaining him to another piano i I I Irrigation for Navels. "CENTRA-WORD" COLUMN.

; GUARANTEED CUREOR treat execution, a ')" and soulful ed interpretation with faultless of The Orange City correspondent of -

the c0mp4)ser's thought. the Times-Union writes: i To insure Insertion in this column advertise
meats must be the
NO PAY. accompanied by money.
Calling upon Messrs. A. J K. Pilkey & Many persons continue the irriga Advertisements must not exceed fifty words.

Nothing Fairer Than This Co., the well known druggists, the re. tion of their gardens, and the irrigated Postage Stamps received in payment.
When do not Count every word,!including name and address.
we cay care we mean dimply porter ascertained Dr. William Pink
groves are holding a good of navel - ----
atop U for the time being but a 'iIIi: have an enormous sale in Chatham crop

PERMANENT AND POSITIVE CURE and that (rom all quarters come glowingrejxirts oranges. J. A. Barren, an orange FOR I 8AI.K to-six Thirty mouths pure old.Indian The lot Game at |i Fowls each;,

11 For Rheumatism, Neuralgia, Dyspepsia of the excellent results, following grower of much experience, is of the trio, h..ingle1'1; to fa accordugtoage.( A Urn
llr.drliry Constipation, lilllomiteiu,\er- thrir use. In fact Dr. William* Pink opinion that the crop of navels on his rated number of Indian Game g'I per I j. K.
vouaiifuu. tileeple.sness, Impure HliMxl. M. WELLES,Satsuma, Fla. It
disorderedMver. Pills are recognized as one of the greatest will if remain the .
and all diseases arUIni; from n grove they on, pay -- -
Write for Treatise.Testimonial, and modern medicines perfect blood of and of FOR SALK CIIRAI'-Eight-Uotse Power Boiler
Free Sample Bottle or builder nlulnen'e rt.ton'rlIrinlfinch expense piping cost water Patent Safety Pump No. 2,complete.
this and he attributes the holdingof Just the thing for irrigating plant. Address DR.
DR. ROC'S LIVER, RHEUMATIC, diseases! as! rheumatism neuralgia partial year, THACHER, Jacksonville.
and NEURALGIA CURE to paralysis, locomotor ataxia, St. Vitus: the fruit thus far entirely to the use -- r

CULLEN & NEWMAN, dance, nervous headache; nervous prostration of the water. If irrigation will make FOR S A UK-Thoroughbred:' Dull "Terrier pups
or "Princess' by "Fritz, combining
176 GAY ST.. Knoxville, Tcnn. and the tired feeling resulting navel trees bear it will be a great boonto some of the best blood in America. Price of pup.
.- -- therefoin, (diseases depending tiM>n hum this section. at 10 weeks old, J;. :Al o uue pointer pup lour
ors in the blood.mich as scrofula chronic months old, '10. Address R. I). BULL, Bradford
which was all that could bo done to re vine, Fla. 4.2q-Jt
eryhifH'las, etc. Piifk Pills restore |ItiIleand i -
lievo me. Besides three local doctors !
who gave me up, I had doctor (rom (sallow complexions to the Iolowof Orange culture in Florida has returned '"; FOR HATCHING of fifteen nrldlu.ALBERT .

London and Kingston whose skill I he. troubles health and are a specific for all the the interest on the sum invested FRIES, M. Nicholas. .J's-4t
pccuHar to the female whilein
lieved in and to whom I paid heavy fees, the case 1 of men they effect. hex a radical only in one year out of every (our.Harper's .- KING RANCH TKHKS AND DUDS wanted.
hut without receiving any help or en of bud and i for
size
cure in all cases! arising from mental Monthly. age a quantity
couragement. HIM! true that a stomach say tom W. G. BEDFORD, Courtney, Indian
nunin ojieration afforded) tern|lxrary relief worry nature., overwork' or excesses of whatever What year was- that? Did you acquire River, I-' &. _._ 4-29-2t
-- -- --- ---
but yet I felt that my peculiar case your knowledge of orange cul -

needed l ome special and! particular compound These Pills: MedicineC-ompany.Schne-are( manufactured) hy theDr.1t'illianiK ture and your capacity for truth-telling The Kansas City \Veterinary College

or remedial agent which I knew in the school)?
nectady, N. \ ., uuel Hrockvillc, Ont.. and same
not of. But, at last, thank God, I discovered Incorporated by tho State.
are hold( in boxes (never in loose form .
: by -
----o --
it. I had been for
eighteen For Catalogue address J. 11. WATTLES D. V.
the dozen hundred and the public
months a miserable wreck, unable to or are Deafness Can't bo Cured S.,310 I{. Twelfth rtrect.
cautioned .
against numerous imitations
work unable to eat to --- -- --- -
or sleep projKjrly.
sold in this shape) at 50 cents a l>ox. or by local applications as they cannot
My\ means were l ecoiiiing; exhausted.Mv t. WANTED-s, Villa Franca Lemon Buds on
wife was worn out in body) and six lnxes for $'.!.50. and may IKJ had of reach the diseased portion of the ear. sour stock. Address Lock Box 253,Cre cent
poor all druggists, or direct .by mail from Dr.ti'illianis' City, Fla. 4.23.2tWI
spirit. Suddenly the deliverer came! There is only one way to cure deaf

Pink Pills'es! sir! Pink PiII -( od) address. The Mctlicine'tnlpanyfrom price at which these either pills ness, and that is by constitutional { have 3,000 Hart's Tardifrand Mediterranean -
bless their inventor or discoverer!-have Sweet bnds, 3 to 8 feet high, well
rescued) me from the jaws of death and are sold make a course of treatment comKirativcly remedies. Deafness is caused by an branched, sweet stock, at 30 cents. Other varieties
made what ( inex|>ensive as comjKired with inflamed condition of the mucous cheap. Writer price list.
miraculously
me see me
you other LAKE REGION NURSERY Co.,
remedies medical
today hearty with a splendid or treatment. lining of the Eustachian Tube. When 4.8-6t Auburudale, FlaflLGHMAN'S
brags -e- .
---
appetite, a clear a capacity for this tube gets inflamed you have a '" POWDI'RS will
work and an ability to sleep sound and CONDITION
BROWN'S IRON BITTERS
sound
boon that rumbling or imperfect hearing, i make anyanim.leatand grow fat.They haveno
refreshing sleep-a only a man Cures and when it is entirely closed Deafness 1 equal for chickens, and are a sure cure for
who has experienced the terrors of insomnia Dyspepsia, Indigestion salt sick cattle. For sale everywhere in Florida.
can lightly appreciate. Bear in is the result,and unless the in flammation Sample packages sent by man for 35 cent*. W.

mind, my friend, I am no wild enthusiast Debility can be taken out and this tube G. TrLGtiXAN, Palatka, Fla. f.iSiatWANTKD

over the supposed merits this med -- -.- restored to its normal condition! hear- TO TRADK.-Good

icine. I have tested the virtues of Pink Orango Trado In Washirmton. ing will be destroyed forever nine for a good Horse and Wagon.Strawberry Address -
Pills and am ready to take oath to their Receipts of l oth Californiaand ; Box 26, Lawtey, Fla. 44tI
oranges ,. .
out of ten caused cartarrh -- ---
cases are by ----
efficacy. No one could(shake in v faith in ,
Florida have l been this
ijtuto heavy WILL send my book, telling how to have stock
them; because what a man has thoroughly week and them is! n considerable quantity which is nothing but an inflamed con come the sex desired, to any one in Florida
proved in his own exj>erience, and on the Notwithstanding the dition of the mucous surfaces. for one dollar and guarantee it a information
what he has had confirmed in the experience fact that California stock is purchaser Is not satisfied with the
improving in We will give One Hundred Dollarsfor will return the money and they may keep the
of others--I have prescribe; l the quality daily. )Moridas most de book. W. G TILOHWAN
are in of Deafness caused by Palatka Fla. 4-i-3t
case (
pills toothersick (Arsons and know what mand. Receipts' of the latter cannot any --- - -- --. .
extraordinary good they have effected l in catarrh) that cannot be cured by
come much longer, hut M long as theyare QUEEN SUCKKKSFirstclassin
their cases-he ought; to IKJ convinced is on the market the trade are partialto Hall's Catarrh Cure. Send for CirCUlars every particular; fifteen thousand for ale

BO. I shall tell you how I came to use! them. Trade is rather slow on other free.F. on dock, at Eden; July, ST.delivery GKOROB; prices, reasonable

them. A fellow member of the A. O. than Florida, but is improving steadily. J. CHENEY & CO., Toledo, O. Deulah on flare application, Eden on Indian River. KATIIBORNB Fla. 4-1-31
U. W., the brethren of which order had
California Navels l are now quite sweet,
been more than kind to me during my hut seedlings have plenty' of room for improvement. t6rSold by Druggists, 7 se. PARTRIDGE COCHINS, Pennsylvania Prize
layers Eggs for hatching, Si for
illness, recommended Pink Pills. I knew
It is asserted that some of 13, W. S. FUNK, Lawtey, Fla 3-23-61
nothing about what they were or what ... .
the Florida receipts show the effects of ----------- --
they could accomplish. In fact I am frost, )nnky." The tendency on ( I PAMPHOR TRKKS-Handsomest Ornamental
Shade Trees out A. IBACH & Ho.t, Pa
will, J
rather a what flLORIDh'if.GROWtIi
skeptic on termed
are the latter l ho to advance in price as latka, Fla. 3-J5-SI
"
"proprietary remedies. But I startedto receipts get lighter.--West Coast! Trade, ------ -
take Pink Pills for Pale People made Tacoma, Wash. ARMERFRU A NltW CASH KKGISTKR for $23; also Force
by the Dr. Williams'Medicine Co.. Brock- i Pump tor spraying orange trees f j GERMAN .
_
Daco STORK, Jacksonville, Fla. ..
ville."rom the very first, one at a dose, .s.5t
I began to mend and l Core I had taken S. POWERS, Publisher.
than box I CONSUMPTIONSURELY r FLORIDA'S advantages for small investments,
more a or two knew that I -- Estate Journal," Arcadia, Fla.
luul found the right remedy and that to TERMS: or SUBSCRIPTION '1.00 per year: sample,with state map 10 cents
the Pink Pills I owed! my life. In nine CURED.To 4-13-1

months I have token twelve IXl'8--just THE Emion-Please inform 'ourrend- For One Year ... .. ..........................,J.oo
PIGHOSS-Oought.lOtd and
exchanged.
six dollars worth. Think of it, my friend! ers that I have a positive remedy for the For Six Months...... .... .............. ..... i.oo FANCY for what you want. Stamp for reply.

Hundreds of dollars for other treatmentand above named disease. By its timely use In Foreign Countries ,.... ............ ...... 3.00 LLOYD GRANT, Lady Lake__, Fla. 7-2\.sU
only six dollars for what has madea thousands of hopeless cases havo been permanently o .
man of me and net me again on the cured. I shall be glad to send Subscriptions in all cases cash in NURSKRY STOCK. All leading varieties sweet

highway health and prosperity. Thereis two bottles of my remedy free to any of your advance. No discount allowed on one's URNEST' BOYNTON on sour, Archer.stocks,Fla fine,healthy 3-11-141,cheap.
subtle readers who have if will own scription(except in club), but to _
some life-giving principle in consumption they --- --- -- -- -- -- --- -- -
Pink Pills which 1 do not attempt to send me their express and post office address. all agents> a liberal cash commission will KNOWING our Soft Phosphate to be a valuable

fathom. I only knew, like the blind man Respectfully, T. A. Slocum, M.O., be allowed on all subscriptions obtainedby and for the purpose of giving
of old "Once I blind No. 183 Pearl Street New YorkARBITRATION them. Write for terms. farmers and fruit growers a chance to teat it at
was ; now I can mall cost we will deliver it f. o, b. cars in aoo-
seer God in the mybtery of his providence 5 copies(and one copy free 0 mo's), $ 7.50 pound sacks at 60 cents per sack. COWLES lit JoRDAN

directed' my brother of the A. O. iT f 1- "( 11" . . . . .. . 12.60 -FERTILIZER- Co.- -, Bartow-.----, Fla. a-23-14t

U. W. to me.' I took it. I live and rejoice 16 . . .. . .. .. 15.00 FOR SALK for cash,time or trade,orange grove,
in health and
my strengh. I haveno rT7'I. and timber lands. IJ. KCMLBY, Keuka,
physical malady,nave a slight sti.lines* These may be either new or old, and Fla. 3-u'i6t .

in my leg due to grippe. I feel as wellas may l ho collected from any number of UNKNOWN PEA.-The best Cow Pea

in my i palmiest days. Mr pro*|>octs .....-- .-....... .... ..... .'t :::. r-r t: postoflices, if the remittance is in a lumpsum. Tint Have grown them for several years.
are good. All this I gratefully attribute k.'e egsJt. N.w. 4uS :./1tU ----- L1soper bushel. W. H. MANN'
I to the virtues of Pink Pills for Pale To every new subscriber or club-raiser 4-6-tf Mannville, Putnam Co., Ffi1.ORANGE .

People, 'and now my story is done!'* as we will send, postpaid, a cory of Whit- POMELO and LRMON BUDWOOD,
the nursery ballad runs. If anybody ner's "Gardening in Florida' or Moore's"Orange full line of Citrus Fruit Trees for sale
should ask confirmation of this tile of Is the ruling remedy for all difficulties. The Culture." at MAGNOLIA NURSERIES Belleview, Pla. "'13-St
mine let him write to me anti I shallcheerfully contestants whether disputing farmers or con. Bates of advertising on application.

furnish it. The Pink Pills side tending of the herds Coiled, should Spring be Fence ranged on opposite Remittances should be made by check: Many Persons are broken

were my rescuer and I'll bo their friend! This elastic arbitrator seems to concede everything letter note money order or registered down from overwork or household cares.
and advocate while I live..* to each side, but positively prohibits their to order ofAXD Brown's Iron Bitters Rebuilds the
The took his leave letting at each other J.9.llJIBll rnvir onOWER.Jacksonville *
tile
reporter finally of ,PeaceperPagerdgas.( ) PAGE WOVEN WIRE system, aids digestion emoret excess of ,
Dr. Vcrnnder, but not without the pro FENCE CO., Adrian Mich. Fla. and cures taA1.riA. l.t/ the ewuin4 ..

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310 TIlE FLORIDA FARMER AND FRUITGROWERHatch

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-- -- -- -- -

Chickens by Steam. THE: -



IMPROVED,1Iiweet-pnerd: EXCELSIOR do.M it.. Tboaund'ftl"llt-cl..II..kber"r/.rf,,INCUBATORWill la'''mcodmf,vo'H: .I'af'.9.mad.opwatVan. S. B. HUBBARD COMPANY .. .

.
ua tea Oa ranUd to butch a barer percent" ,
nf fort il. IfOM thin }
flC cMl eo t &D otbo >r
IWa4 Go.toe UJui.C&t4luc. 1.LU.U.HTAUL,q...",IU.It. .
JACKSONVILLE, FLA.

.C. Palmer. J. If. Rh... nburK". A. W Frost.
natablbbed 1869. HARDWARE AND STOVES LI N rrS.

Palmer & ,
Rivenburg Company
DOORS SASH BLINDS PAINTS OILS AND VARNISH.
Successors to G. S. Palmer. .
s".v, HILL HU1..I.aLI"& .
Wholesale Fruit and Produce Commission
We are State 3 iWe Have

Merchants. One and Two10 HOUSE HAT RAKES Shortest Huickest
Jill Jtcailf .Strrct, .Vnrorlf.; Horse ,

--- . . .- . -. In stock.
-- I BUCKEYEMOWERS r # lull n /fet tread

Most Attractive
The 6 foot Is suit

; able for use In

.1 complete tnrk of ORANGE GROVES. ROUTE
Jirrr* tintlItejMih'
OH It n tut tit
\
Write for Prices.
Factory 1'rice*. BETWEEN: f -

WE CARRY A COMPLETE STOCK OF TilE FAMOUS
Florida Points and the North.
y.a "TKXAS AGE I? X, O'.VS. ,"
TilE
.1 Fun Line Jlepalra' for tiamt.

I Acme Orange Grove and Two-Horse Pulverizing Harrows, the Boy Florida Central andPeninsular

"OUR RELIABLE INCUBATOR" Dixie Cast Plows, and a full line of Farm and Agricultural Implementof

all descriptions. Agents for the Planet Jr. Horse and Hand Tools, sold
Will be In constant operation at the World'iColumbian
Eiposition. The inot-t practical at factory prices. Send for catalogues.
machine ever offered the poultry, fraternity.
Send 4c stamm for descriptive catalogue. IT
1'1.\
WILL PAY YO{'. ""0" Yardsof Illjih Class "
Poultry, "40" llluktrated iK>ultr\' catalogue
biKE CITY MicaH
Afi"s i: Reliable Incubator & Brooder Co., ,

QUINCY ILLINOIS. Vt
lID ATIilNTI
,
..
L -------- -
TO 1 -
FAIR AND SQUARE

PRINTED Nashville, St. Louis and ChicagoWith

., but ono chanjro of sleepers, connects
FRUIT WRAPPERS w il also at Atlanta for NEW YOHK and KANSAS
CITY. The Florida Central and Peninsular
has nearly'UOmiles of track running through
tho
Put up In packages of 1,000;every sheet numbered : Tobacco JlenlonM' ,

consecutively: i to 1,000. Stock t'nrmiiKj rind Dairy, Section,
Low Prices. Good Work. Full Count. : ri Peach and "'rurlwrrlll.uul.,
Oriinifc, Itunnmi and 1'tnntitjtlv Country,

THE JERSEY CITY PRINTING CO., ... .. "I.o.I"" "the llrlt.llnm fillrrr. A'rl' ''ianil 1
v 1 Other Plebe Scrnrry i
37 Montgomery Jersey City, N. J. The Great IlifnllntCowetr .
St. \If--.! .....II (. ... ._ ', Jleachca t//e.1'otret '
---- --- ----- '..1 -_ J."U tlnntntts.
Has tho best lands for tlllatro, jrrenteatarl.
JAMAICA, or INDIAN SORREL, PLANET JH HOUSE HOB WITH LEVER AND LEVEH WHEEL et1 of soils in tho State,and ubovo all

(Hibiscus Sabdarifla) Runs over tho Central Rldgoland
Whore It Is High and Healthy
-- Produces --
Prosperous towns nil) its route and It offers '
The Finest Jelly and SauceR IRRIGATING MACHINERYBOTH tho trot freight facilities for any produce to
tho Northern markets. Send for the popular
mbU that of Cranberries.Is .
g IOnar-
STEAM, HORSE AND HAND POWER.
"MY FLORIDA HOME."
excedingly productive and a dozen will suffice .
Boilers with Its spirited words and beautiful music
fer 0 Carry a stock of Steam Pumps,
a amity
descriptive of an actual Florida Home and ;
Plant about biG feet apart and from next oc- Wrought and Galvanized Pipe, Valves. which is gotten up in elegant style--Six pages
of full sized best niunlo '
npcrcontainingalso
teber to January reward. [
reap your
furnished a picture of a homo in Florida and a hunting
Hose Etc. Estimates
One dozen securely packed and sent, postpaid, Fittings, scene. It Is mailed on receipt of 1U cents(In
for$oc;one hundred securely packed and sent for Plants put in complete and guaranteed stamps,to pay ex|>cnse of distribution.))
postpaid,for f Send also fur the best malor Florida(sent )
j. ; satisfactory. Hand Spraying free)and note tho towns .
Reasoner Bros. A.O. 3AOl! >O.VKLLl.l: A.,
s P" Pumps of every description. Send for Jacksonville, Fla.
ONKCO. HLA.
Catalogue of How and When to Spray.,
----
-- -- --- -
The Florida Central &

Nozzles, Pipe, etc., made to order in our

FRUIT TREES machine shop. Peninsular R. R. Co.

FOR Offers to ShippersThe
SOUTHERN ORCHARDS.
Shortest and Quickest Route
Write for Catalogue and price list.
JENNINGS' NURSERY CO., I IIETWEKN
ThoiniisvlU, -- ---
THE EAST AND WEST.
S. Hacker & Son
With Improved Ventilated Cars, thy eotn-
MANUFACTURERS OF -- rPl Eany is better equipped than ever ever to
the Orange and Vegetable Crops and
insure clone connection and prompt despatch>>
w to all Eastern and Western Market
mm 5AGENTS
.cfQ
=
03tf 4 = Through cars to destination with.
C. out change or delay.

> ..Otg Perishable freight followed' by who and
shippers advised time puling various Junction
|oints and arrival at destination.
f .J LflX ;: All claims for overcharges and loss prompt
co oMI I ly adJu.t l.

-s c See that your goods are markedvia
a FOR F. C. & p. R. R.

09Q =- Iii' rLE S' &TJSAJ IPUIVIIPS. For information call on or address the undersigned f
---- ?
w-'' M CQ All I..f"tter.nu..r.. .... the Day they are Ilerelreil. C. E. TA VLOK.Tray. A'gt. Ocala, Fla.
s I' .. W. II. TUCKKH,Jen.
.- A'Ift.Orlando Flal::
THE S. B. HUBBARD COMPANY 0. M. HOLDKN.Trav. AVt. I. osburV, Fla.
And Building Material. Or R'.N.It.S.FULLEILTrav.I'ENNINOTONTrafia A'g\Tampa Manager, }'Ia.'

.. CHARLESTON, 8. C. JACKSONVILLE. FLA. W. U. PLEASANTS Jacksonville Fnfabr .t Fla., '




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