Florida farmer & fruit grower
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055765/00278
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: S. Powers
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: April 22, 1893
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note: Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038466
oclc - 01387403
notis - AKM6256
lccn - sn 95026761
System ID: UF00055765:00278
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen

Full Text


1869 U I C, ER l





d .OO. r .r. JACKSONVILLE. Ff* APRIL 22. 1893. 11 laale So. 1281'.K; V. \o.: lrjj.



-- IN-

Petersburg, Va., CHICAGO

Manufacturers of Virginia Ventilated Fruit Carriers for Tomatoes,

Strawborrles, Peaches and Other Truck. We respectfully w>lirit shipments of Fine Fruit und nsare our iatrons prompt
and efficient "'n"ice.Vo, ask all interested to writo for information and forward
ALL DELIVERED MADE UP READY FOR USE. We refer by permission, to A. M. IVOH. Ewj. Jacksonville, Fla.: National Shoo
and Leather Bank, New York; Commercial Loan Co., Chicago; the Volusia County
Send for llliiNtratc l I>.*,M'rlilUe.| 'ntiiloguc unit price*. Bank of DeLand, Fla.

-- --. ._-_.__......,. ...
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Grain Garden Seeds and Fertilizers
Knprrlnlly. adapted to Florida and ub-tro teal r'section. Larcent stock and Greatest Variety ,
in the South. Two hundred fifty acre in Fruit Nursery; one acre under Fruit, Ornamental -
and Nut Trees, Grapevine, Palms, Roses, Shrubs,etc. Ilvrrythlnjr, for the. orchardand, :.::.;: "vjc,..'1. Di'y V'1'.. ..J.-CI'O'N"\.PIT4I4", F'J"44'-
garden. Catalogues free.
Address P. J. DKKCKMANS. Fruitland Nursery, Augusta,Ga. "
N. B.-We offers fine lot of Camphor Trt>?. and Il..d Catley O+rava.all pot grown. We Handle Only the Best and Most Reliable Seeds. A Complo Stock of
._ .. Corn Oats Flour Bran Wheat Grits Meal
-- - -- ---- --- -- -- Hay, ,

FLORIDA FRUIT EXCHANGE. Cotton Seed Meal Both Bright and Dark.


An Incorporate! Homo Association of Ornnjro, flrowers for market ing Florida Fruit to tho Tl gert-Allen Fertilizer Co.
lMst advanta/AUTHOtlZKI)! > CAPITAL. $:.mu ). ,
IJOX MATRHIAL-The Exchange f in fully i l'n'I'I.n..l to ,nippiy Ixixos and paper on
order." Write for prlco lint and term
Star Brand Fertilizers, MURIATE OF POTASH,
ALIKKTM.IVKS.Clenl! Mjjr.and Trcas. )I. }'. TUUNK1I.: tJecretJiry.DIHKCTOHS .
: -nw. It. Fairbanks, Alachua Co.; R.O. Hill, Jlr etfnntCo.: Ur. K.: 1 K.: Pratt Orange Tree and Vegetable
HllUlioroCo.; John C. Love.l I.ako. Co.; HyCrutcher.. Orange Co.; IX (Irecnleaf.. Duval t Co.; KAIN1T
II. M. Ilaer, Duval Co. A. IImet). Hro\-am Co.: F. ('. Hampmin, Marion Co.; C. V. I III Iyer, FERTILIZER.
Natwau Co.; John M, Bryant,()iccola Co; II. HutchinMni Putnam Co.; M. S. Morcman St. .
These Fertilizers have no superior in the market und a trial wilt eenrin<<
Johns Co.; O. W. Ijincastor. Volusla Co.:J.C. Pclot. Manatee Co. .
Addrcw all oorrconondoncc to the Florida. Fruit Exchange: Jacksonville Fla. Stencils Send for Catalogue fre<
with full pack I UK and shipping instructions furnished on application. __ ___----------- L .
---- ---- --- -- ------ --- ---- "

NOW IS THE TIMETO Market your fruit in September and October and highest lriCeH'hilo the market in l han.- of Rood rip fruit ami apply your Hiirphi
cash to working and fertilizing your trees I before th !looming KMIMHI.. Trees and
PLANT IJtulwootlnowon l Kile.; I al.:-o nave all other leading; variotiett! of oranges' etc
Write for facts and figure

-- I
---- -
The finest ornamental tree for I-'orida-au evergreen always beautiful with its em-like
leave which when turned by the breeze show the light silky luster of the under side of each leaf.A /I;; ORIGINAL HEADQUARTERS
strong grower in our sandy soil. It Is Til K REST tree for street or yard planting,making a
i handsome appearance in a very short time. 0 1 g For rare as well as old Tropical Fruit and Ornamental rtsn.*and Tree' ,
Single. tree by mall, post paid' 3O rent; 2tr.*.*. :JO rent; 5 trrr 81.0(1; out f= s Shrubbery, Vines Palms. Ferns, Aquatic, lH .e.|,pt e.*. Bamboos stet ,
HI'.nil.: t I Stock safely shipped ever)where.
dozen S2.OO; 1OO trcru by rxprrsct
1. ,i Nurseries established t88y.Send .
H. G. HASTINGS & CO, INTERLACHEN, FLA. stamp for new and full catalogue. which tens all about this nutjcct.KKANOXKK .

ItKOH., Oneco>< Fin.
--- -- -- -------
6 _-__ __ -_ _u -- -

I SUNSET HILL NURSERIESContain I Florida 1 rUiqgu CD.

a list and description of the Choicest and Most Profitable varieties ot the Citrus
PamHy, which we have selected from over one hundred different varieties grown,and te.ted by us Selected strains of Choic* Varieties ol Citrus Fruit Trees a Specialty
to our extensive experience of seventeen years. We carry one of Budding-Wood for sale at alt times.
large complete.
The Largest Stocks of Citrus Trees in tho United States. For Catalogue and Price-U address

Send circulars. Address R. W. PIBRCe, SUD'd.JliU|,ukeC0i Fia, .A. L. DUNCAN, Manager Dunedin, Fla.LO .

..,+ ..

I ,


.. ,

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!;spraym; for iiuHt-t tr. and fungus; !' tli-t'al ts w one of the secret of successful fruit growing.-Ddtieare farm and Home.

it tUSE )E




Which I b) feeding on the oil of the petals and stnmins: of the bloom, causes them to drop and the fruit to wither and die.It .

will kill the Rust Mites i which )have wade more than one-half the onU1bl'l of the crop of lSH2 rusty. It will impro\"o the quality anti appearance of the orangeee,
making tin product of pine lands. folly equal to that of the beet hammock, without injury to its carrying tual1ties. It will ttc troy tho Spider (Six Spotted Mites). It
will kill the oving Scale Insect. It will dt'stroy the Worm which attacks the fllJroUK roots, ro'L' ingt 10 root knot of the beach, blight of tho pineapple: blight of the
tomato and the foot rot of the orange.,
It will t1tfoitm! y the fungus and lichen .growth,giving the trees a healthy appearance.It .
will, tw Mr. Axline (Axline & darkly, Cincinnati,) pays, return you ten dollars for every one that it will cost.
Spray wjien the trees are in )bloom and repeat I\" often as once each month during the season. For root diseases saturate the ground as to wet the roots. Use
ane quart' to Ihrw pint in fifty gallons of water.
SPECIAL.-On the first of January, 1803 the price will be reduced from 30 to 20 cents per gallon for barrels and half barrels.

Outfits in Great at Prices.A
Spragincj : Yaniefyj FIamufaetupeps'] : : .

full stock of Orange Box Material, Wraps, etc., as Cheap as the Cheapest.

Correspondence Solicited. E. BEAN, Jacksonvile, Fla.



Is the most effective compound yet discovered for destroying the insects infesting the orange tree, and is a sovereign

remedy fox the various forms of fungi on trees and plants. Being free from all substances of a caustic, corrosive or pois-

onous nature, it can be handled with perfect safety to the person, and applied to the trees at any stage of growth without


This insecticide has been used by some of the largest orange growers in the State during .the past two years, and ha

given perfect satisfaction. References furnished on application.For .

Rust Mite use one quart to fifty gallons of water. When used at this strength the trees should be sprayed for

the Rust Mite twice a month through the season. Where labor constitutes the principal item of expense in spraying trees

it is better and cheaper to use the Insecticide at full strength, viz.: One gallon of solution to 50 gallons of water, ai the

fumes from the Insecticide will kill the Rust Mite even if the solution should not happen to touch them. In using the

Insecticide at this strength it will save three or four sprayings through the season, thereby reducing the cost from one-

third to one-half.: This Is an Advantage Possessed by no Other Preparation of Sulphur. If used in this manner

will also kill the other insects that may be moving on the trees.

For Red Spider and Scale, use one gallon to fifty gallons of water. General directions for using sent on application.Price .

20c. Per Gallon, in barrels. if there is no agent in your vicinity, write for price delivered.

Spraying Apparatus furnished to our customers at cost.

McMASTER & MILLER, San Mateo and Citra Fla.


ANI> -


Great Fast Express Freight System of the South.

The ,inentuti of shipper*i.I directed to the Plant S. S.Line between Havana, Key West and Tampa and South Florida Railway between Tampa and Sanford; 8.( N. & W. Ry.between Jack onv111e,
r..kt alie. liambridge: .River Junction and Savannah;Savannah and Cbarleston.,and Ocean Steamship Line between Savannah, Philadelphia Boston and New York, and Merchant: and Minerst'rtnspr.ttttm
Company between Savannah and Baltimore. The beat equipped, fastest and most prompt line between all lint"ln Florida and all point North and Northwest.
Receivers anti Shipper Will Profit by the Following. Unparalleled Connection. t
01lTII nouyi>. SOUTH 110 VXD.
u..we daily Jut freight service for all point West via Albany Jesup, Balnbridge and.I Double daily fart freight service from all points*North and West via Albany, Balnbridge,letup
S..h. and Savannah to all points in Florida fast freight train both via Gainesville,Jacksonville,Calla
IHwy hilt freight all rail connection via the Atlantic Coast Line to all Eastern, Interior and han and Live Oak.
Coat joints, including New York, Boston. Philadelphia, Baltimore Washington and Providence. I Four ship a week by the fleet steamship of the Ocean Steamship Company, calling'from New
Stir connection a week for New York via Ocean Steamship Company. leaving Savannah York(New Pier is, North River,)direct for Savannah Friday Saturday Monday and Wednesday
vr1FMys.Saturday, Mondays and Wednesday The Boston and Savannah Steamship Company steamer will leave Boston an.5.12, to and 26,
Two connections a week for Baltimore via Merchants' and Miner Transportation Company, Savannah direct making connection on the dock at Savannah with fast freight train foe all point
Icavtag savannah every Wednesday Saturday. in Florida.
Connections for Roston via Boston and Savannah Steamship Company leaving Savannah Jan. From Philadelphia via Ocean Steamship Co.,leaving Philadelphia Jan.J, 13,22,every ten day
5,11.19 and 26. from regular nailing day via New York to Savannah.&l4eeetimr .
; for Philadelphia every ten day via Ocean Steamship Company, leaving Savannah From Baltimore Merchants and Miner Transportation Co., every Tuesday and Friday,
Jan. 7.17! ana r th. making close connection with S.,F.& W. Ry.,for all point in Florida.
Salting day for Steamship are subject change without notice.
Tho'Florlda Dispatch Line Is the quickest and best freight route:from all points North East and West to Florida. For full particulars, rates, stencils and shipping
receipts apply to any agents of the above lines, or to _
O. I*. OWKNS,Traffic Manager, Savannah, Ga. F. II. PAl'Y. Division Freight Agent.5avannah, Oa.V.. M. DAVIDSON, Gen'l Passenger Agt.,Jaeksouvllle, Ilea
F S. KMUllT, Contracting Freight &gentJacks invllle, Fla. J. U. STEPHENS Contracting Agent, Jacksonville, Fla.



.. ,.',

Florida Farmer i Fruit-Grower.

.. OUR HORTICULTURISTS. 1 ficient to call an orchard. He has a but it was not a surprise to him. He his scientific attainments, however
large area in pears of all ages, the had visited West Florida before and subtle and fine his theories, however

The State Society's Sixth Annual oldest, about ten acres of them, set knew something of its wonderful climate I broad and long his practical experience.
Meeting at Pensacola. eight )ears ago. We never saw thrif and soil. Major Healy called Though he may combine all
tier trees, and although, in common attention to the large number of small these in one person, till he easily

FIHHT HKSSION! IN WKST FLOIIIIIA.A with the entire LeConte region, the pear and peach orchards to be seen in knows more than anybody) yet the
late frost had caught? the bloom, still this section, and said that the growersof immutable /fact remains that everybody
the trees had a fair crop, holding as them were needed in the society to knows more than he.
LARGE ATTENDANCE AND INTERESTING : I many, perhaps, as desirable t for o the explode the fallacy that there was : The Florida State Horticultural Society -
MEETING-IMPORTANT STEPS>> trees to bear. nothing in Florida but orange groves. was organized to make availablethe
TAKEN FOR THE PROMOTION OF OUR In addition to pears the party were The trees in Col. Harvey's orchard knowledge of everybody. The
FRUIT-GROWING AND GARDENING much interested in the large peach or- have all the fruit on them that they scientists and theorists are here.

INDUSTRIES. chard and in the plums, Japan chest. can mature. The plainpractical worker is here. The
nuts, Japan walnuts, etc. The Japan Mr.[ H. II. Hold ridge, of Alachua enthusiasm and fresh thought of the
The sixth annual session of the walnuts were in bloom ; this is a new county, said that he was glad to hear' beginner is here, mingled with, and
Florida State Horticultural Societywas introduction, none of the visitors be- such good news of West Florida, and tempered by, the moie mature and
held in Pensacola last week. irifc familiar enough with it to identify I would ask Mr. George L. Taber, of conservative thought of the veteran.
The opening session had been an- it. Glen St. Mary, who had been one of The beginner sees roses on every

nounced to convene at 7:30 p. m. on AN INFORMAL MEETING. the visiting party, to give those present bush. The veteran shows Scars made
Tuesday, April ith. an impression of what he saw. by contact with the thorns. The beginner
On Tuesday morning a large dele- The society was called to order, in Mr. Taber said that the orchardwas looks radiantly ahead, some
gation had arrived from East and the rooms of the Chamber of Commerce certainly a very fine one. The times allured by "false lights on the

South Florida, and each morning at 7:30: p. m. on Tuesday, by trees are making wood, and this is a shore. The veteran's prospect for
train augmented the nnmbcrs. President Adams, who announcedthat great desideratum. For the first few 'the future is sometimes clouded by
During the forenoon the visitors as a large number of memberswere years fruit trees need growth and not shadows from the past, and he needs
were shown the various points of in. en route and would not arrive fruit. He found both pears and the cheerful companionship of those
terest. in and about Florida's westernmetropolis until a late hour, it had been decidedto peaches looking well, and he regard who have never had shadows to
by the citizens of Pensa postpone the formal opening and ed Col. Harvey's orchard as an evidence darken the way. Veteran and recruit,
cola. Through the courtesy of Mr. I defer taking up the regular program of the wonderful productiveness student and worker, he who smells of
Dennis Burns port warden, the until the next morning, and that this of the soil of West Florida for the laboratory and he who smells of

members had an unusually favorable evening's session would be informal fruit growing, and believed that in a .the field, meet together in these: an
ppportunity of seeing the shipping, and devoted to a social exchange of few years this whole section will be nual conventions. The knowledge of

an event of unusual interest, as the ideas. filled with fruit orchards. each is offered to all, and the scien
beautiful bay was filled with craft The session was largely taken up Col. Harvey yielded to the calls tific and theoretical and practical wis-
from all parts of the world, the ag by a discussion of what had been seen made for him, and told in a very con dow of everybody becomes availableto

gregate sailing tonnage of Pensacola by the members in the horticulturalline cise manner how he had, eight years anybody. That is what our,societyis
exceeding that of New Orleans, Mobile since their arrival inVest Florida. ago, with but little money, but large for.
and Savannah combined. The There was a general expression of sur faith in West Florida as a fruit grow. As the horticultural traveler goes
delegation was taken aboard a Nor. prise at the number of peach and pear ing section, gone into the woods\ and rushing through the State behind the
wegian ship, the largest iron sailing orchards already planted, at the thrift planted his orchard. lie felt that his distance defying locomotive, he gets
ship in the world, and were much in and promise of the trees and at the success in fruit growing was due to from the car window a kaleidoscopicview
terested in seeing the process of loading wonderful adaptation of the soil and the climate, and felt confident that of horticultural efforts that too

her with timber, consigned to climate to fruit growing. within 2S years this section would plainly show the need of a wider dissemination
South Africa. Mr. J. '1'. Stubbs, of the DeFuniak derive a larger revenue from its fruit of horticultural instruction.The .

.. AMONG TilE PEARS. Experimental Substation, stated that than it had ever done from its timber. thousands of failures and half
in rapidity of growth and thrift the failure the evidence of lost
In the afternoon an invitation. was -- money
extended the representatives of the LeConte had, up to the present time, THE SOCIETY AT WORK and bright hopes blasted, of heavy
surpassed the same variety in other labor blistered hands and reeking
society to visit the pear orchards of ,
Col. S. S. Harvey, at Quintette on the pear regions. He called attention to Tho State Horticulturists get downto sweat, all for naught, bear silent test.
the fact that blight which had doneso
L. & N. R. R., twenty miles north of I Business. mony to the fact that industry unguided -
much in the "red lands"region
damage is ol little value
and through his a by knowledge
city, courtesy
of South and Florida
placed at the disposal of the Georgia Mixed with these are fruitful orchards,
car was for the trip. had not made its appearance in this The first session of the sixth annual beautiful gardens: blooming roses,
party, section. The horticulture of West meeting was called to order by Presi emerald green lawns, happy and prosperous *
Speaking generally, the surface of Florida was a development of the past dent Adams at 9 o'clock a. m. on homes.
the country m West Florida slopes five nearly all the planting having 12th.
years, Wednesday, April The effort which resulted in fail.
from the State line to the Gulf and been done during this time. After prayer by the Rev. Dr. II. S. -
while the descent is by no means pre Mr. G. W. Mellish, also of De Yerger, Wm. Fisher, vice.president of
cipitate, the streams are rapid and Funiak, stated that the improvementof the Chamber of Commerce, in beha f Any
there is a fall of several hundred feet his place had handled over one of that body and the mayor and citizens
in the narrow strip between the State hundred thousand fruit trees, mainly of Pensacola, welcomed the Society
line and the sea level. Beginning back peaches and pears: during the past in befitting words.
from the Gulf a few miles 'the surface year. Major Healy responded to the ad I
miles is
extending northward a
lands I interspersed with is the right time
rolling clay President Adams then read his annual
.. for
sand hills, especially adapted to some Major G. P. Healy, of Volusia address as follows : ? everybody dnnkHires' to
varieties of the pear and peach. Pen- county, at the special request of several -
I in the hall told of the PRESIDENT'S: ANNUAL ADDRESS. Root
sacola lies between the mouths of the impressions -
Perdido and Escambia rivers, which made upon him by his visit to One of the greatest of all Ameri

flow south in parallel curves from Alabama Col. Harvey's orchard during the day, cans once said : "Everybody knows Beer
to the Gulf.] The lands between and paid a strong tribute to the fine more than anybody." That this is A temperance drink.A .
these rivers slope sharply to the riverson climate and great productiveness of true nobody has ever denied.It liome-matlc drink.A .
either side. Twenty miles north of the soil of West Florida. He felt was the unexpressed, even unconscious health-giving drink.
that this section of the State recognition of this truth A thirst-<]uenching drink.
Pensacola and zoo feet above the city, sure I A drink that is i! popular everywhere.
of soil and a degree that led to the organization of the
on the top of this ridge between the possessed a fertility Delicious, Sparkling, Effervescent.
rivers, on a low hill overlooking the of prosperity of which the aver Florida State Horticultural Society.It .
will be contended for A 't{ cM!! package makes, pattern of tlkd.csSberrge.
surrounding country for miles lies Col. age East or South Floridian did not not a mo )] lJoft't deceived if a bonier
Harvey's orchard. He is the pioneer dream. He said that Col. Harvey'spear ment that any Florida horticulturist / Gar ties rake of Urger profit,left you tome ether
.. .
wis kiwi jut goad th fcltt. No Imitation
the horticultural
LeConte planter in this section, the orchard is superior to any pear monopolizes all | bas good at the genuine! HIKES'.
first to plant this pear in numbers suf. orchard in Middle or East Florida, dom of the State, however profound .

1 1I I





ure was as as that which achieved in carefully cutting all dead branches
great are provided for in our program and favored by a very liberal attendancefrom
success, but from want of proper shellacking the wounds and spraying the best men in the State have been the west. Last year at Ormond,
direction, availed nothing. Just thinkof for red spiders. The other spent his selected to present them for your con- where we had an attendance of about

what a paradise our State would 50 cents for fertilizer and put it on. sideration. Among these, perhaps, i three hundred, there was but one
have been today i if all the money and Which was wise? none are more important than market. member from the great section west of
energy and blistereJ hands and aching Two men had groves on a black. ing and irrigation. If any progresshas the State capital.
backs had been directed by the jack ridge. One plowed and hoed his
been made in any of these thingsthe That one representative of this section .
best knowledge within the brains of trees, and it cost him $7.50 per acre. able committee having this in invited us to come to the beautiful -

Florida's horticulturists. I If our leg. The other spends his $7.So for 500 charge will give us the benefit of their city of Pensacola. To show our

islature could have collected this and pounds[ of fertilizer. Which was wise? work. If not, then we must give new appreciation of this invitation, to make
placed it within the reach of all at a One gets the best box heads and sidesin thought and an increased effort in the acquaintance of our western horticultural

cost of a few hundred dollars, it would the market. He makes eight boxssan those ways. co laborers, to make our society

have added millions to the present hour and packs three boxes an Heretofore the meetings of this so in truth as well as in name a
money value of the State, and thous, hour. When packed his box of or- ciety have been held in the eastern State Horticultural Society, to laborin

ands who have abandoned unsuccessful anges costs 50 cents and sells for $4. and southern parts of the State, where unison for many objects we havein

ventures in despair would now be Another buys the cheapest box the interest and occupation of the common, and to make our field

happy, proud and opulent citizens. stuff in reach. lIe makes twenty people are almost e. elusively horticulture. larger and richer, the invitation was
The society has tried hard to have boxes per hour and packs ten boxes. In this section your agricultureis unanimously accepted. The east and

the legislature publish and distributeits When packed he has done it for 29 more varied and not especially restricted south, the land of the orange, pineapple
transactions free to our people. cents and it sells for $3.
to fruit growing. As a con and guava, are here to shake
This is done in a great many of the One man plants sweet seedlings on sequence our meetings have not been hands with the denizen of the land ofIRRIGATION
States, and has always resulted as a a heavy soil. The foot-rot kills them
most profitable impetus to horticul and he recommends sour stocks. The -.

ture. In a State like ours where horticulture next man plants sour stocks on a dry,

is of such magnitude it blackjack ridge and his trees are so OF GROVES
should most certainly be done. small for their age he wishes he had

The transactions from last year were sweet stocks. Thousands of navel

published by ourselves, but with our trees are being rebudded because they
limited resources cannot be sent out didn't bear ; other navels bear enormous -

free except to members, and only our crops and sell at $4 to $7 per c NlENr' o NC
limited numbers are directly benefitted box.A 0 .
by this valuable volume. man in Jefferson or Escambia
Hundreds of thousands of dollar county plants Kieffer or LeConte

have been spent in planting the orange pears and in five to seven years gets E ,-

in locations where the climate or heavy crops. A man in Orange '

soil, or both, rendered success impossible county learns that. Orange countymen : : ?

think they can all grow anything :
Oranges have been planted and better than anybody. This Orange

failed where strawberries or pears county man plants pears and in five
would have been a success. Land years gets about seven pears to ten t-
has been planted in tomatoes and trees. e : h,

frost has wrought destruction where The Baker county man seldom getsa t b.

cabbage would have been an unfailingcrop. crop of Peento peaches because they

Land has been planted in cab. bloom early and frost kills the bloom. 'r k
bage that would have made dollars in The Orange county man's Peentos

tomatoes as often as a dime was madein bloom early and ripen early, and he SANFOKH, FLA.,, October :30th= IM..
cabbage.A sells them in Boston for $.t, and the TO ALL the WHOM undersigned IT MAY certify CONTKRXWe. :that.we were present at tho Sanford Water Workn. in Han*
man in the ilatwoods takes in express company takes the money. tonI Florida, on Friday, Oetolier 3Hth, 1M:, to witness! a test or the continuous cement i Nlltt l|+
nuulu by J. It. Magrudcr.I \\e there saw a section of the i(>II lin', about twenty incbe In length
struction from a successful neighboron These scattered thoughts are intended subjected at two different time, to a water pressure of 11> {pounds to tho square- inch, awl It
the sandhills and fails. A man on to impress our attentionthe stood both tests without leaking at all.
upon Increased but )fr. O.
Mr. Mugrtidcr wished the pressure nuftiefcnt to bunt tho 1)111t.l|
the sandhills tries to pattern alter a great extent and variety of our Jones, tho superintendent' of thu Water Works, refused to put on more than 115; i+ounds for
successful neighbor in the woods climate, soil and resources and the fear of Injuring C.: JUNKS.( / tho: Chief city main": SunfordVater Work
and he fails. One orange grower vast and varied knowledge J.J. HARRIS.:I Mayor.J. .
necessaryto .K.: p \el':. Merchant and Farmer.
holds his crop to ship in May and gets a proper conduct of Florida hortu A. C. )1.JtTI N. Onrc,'r..I. .
rich another holds his and Irozen. culture.It .J.\ KILLKIIRKW.: : Marsnal. -
; gets JOHN 1)01)1)) ) ) Jhilider.A. .
One man sends his fruit to a com- was said by one of our largest M.TIIIt.1Sl1FU i : ..tttornoy.lia .
(5 : ). I H.I FKRNALD..: }). Hardware and Irrigating Plant
jnission man and is happy; another to and most successful fruit-growers that i K.: II. YUUNIIS.( Livervman,
the same house and is sad. One man the place to look for most! completeand II. SF.t0UA1'i.tISIJustleoot.: : tho Pence.
SAwronn: FI.A., October29th, IftU.
spends 50 cents in putting up a box exact infotmation on Florida hor- TO ALL: WHOM IT MAY CONCKRN: :
of and when the ticulture is who has been in We, tho undersigned( hereby certify that on or about tho:27th= day of September, A. i).,
oranges returns come some man 1W2, wo saw J. II. Magrudcr make a continuous cement pipe, about thirty feet in length
in he smiles! ; another man puts up a the State about two weeks. As we with his pipe machine; that Mild pipe was made out of cement. "Mind and water that a tenon
of Mid PIH| ', about twenty Inches in length wa sawed oil, and was tho name section of plprthat .
box for 29 cents and when the returns hear one of this class reel off'valuable won tested l..t the Sanford Water Works on Friday, OctoberlWth, I"*.
come he irowns. One man is famousfor instruction by the hour we are filled
always getting big prices and his with wonder. flAKE HKLK*, FLA., Dec. :3Srd.
DEAR SIR: Tho system of cement piping laid In my grove about two months ago, so far
neighbors call him lucky; another man (And still the wonder grew that one Is a grand cucccs for conducting water Our main and lateral {pljH'are three tnl'lu*s,and
always fends to the wrong place or small head could carry all he knew.) with a new duplex pump faiti. We have been JlutthlK fmm Iii; tu fit= ) gallons+ of water Into
the grove |>er minute I am *o well pleased that had I other groves to irrigate certainly
the wrong house and is "an unlucky This is a meeting of scientific and would use the cement piping 1 ours Truly
devil." practical men from all sections and It. II U 1t.. T.
Continuous cement pile can be made to stand ,0)or 7f: {iMinds water pressure to the
One lot of oranges was sold at auc engaged in all branches of horticul square Inch very cheap. Can bo made to stand IW t sounds<< pressure far l below tho cost qf
iron pipe. Will not corrode nor rust,and will last forever. It Is! the tJl'8t.lllpc for watering;
tion in Jacksonville for 35 cents a box. ture. They have already learned by trees with hose, lor nub-Irrigation, for draining lands,ar.lll" made I jorous for {garden use.
At the same sale, on the same day, study and practice enough to whet the i It l is the beet and cnea|>est pipe in the world. This wonderful little machine will make and
lay another lot, of no better quality, sold appetite for more. They have passed h'slt as fast as it make it. No experience'\ is necessary. to o|erato the machine, and it is
the warranted not to make an Inch of Imperfect pipe| in ten miles.. When rill can be made as
The first in
through narrow portal to
$1.70. was rough
low as one cent per foot--and we know irrigation in Florbla is I1l-ct"INtr-whr.houhl orange -
weatherbeaten, ili-made boxes, fruit they can see the wide field of knowl growers and gardnersdo without It?
Full directions for mixing material sent with each machine
unsized, ungraded, unwrapped and edge which is still unexplored. If The right and machines to make your own pipe for Florida can be bought of
slack. The second was a model in there is a man in this audience who
all ways The first man saved 23 thinks he knows it all he is wastinghis .
---- --- --- --- ---- ---- --- --- -
cents in putting his up and lost $1.35in golden moments-for he is not

the price. The second man put in needed here. He can learn nothing PO .rASH SALTS, ",
23 cents extra work on his box and from us and we don't choose to be in
got: $1.35 on the sale. The last fellowwas structed by any man who can never Are necessary to produce large crops of good quality. It

a *Mucky cuss." have a new idea.It High and Low Grade Sulphate of Potash, Muriate of Potash and' Kainlt.

Two men had some dead branchesin will not be the best use for your For Information and Pat ticular.. address ,,-"-:

their trees and red spiders on the time to continue this talk. The prin. GERMAN KALI WORKS *

leaves. One spent So cents per tree cipal topics which will be of interest fl.VI .1'ussnos Mr"i, Sew York,, *.', 1*. ". ...1"'.





the pear, peach and pomegranate.May I New York and other points and thoroughly o'clock in order to enable members to We have this paper, which is of

this result in warmer friend. investigating the matter of enjoy a ride on the tram-road throughthe special interest to our citriculturists,

ships, increased horticultural inter. I marketing, came home and dug up suburbs of the city, an invitation and !shall\ publish it entire.In .

est and in many future happy and I his trees. having been extended to the Society conclusion, Professor Swinglesaid

profitable reunions. Colonel Harvey thought they couldbe by the Pensacola Terminal Company.FIRST :
fresh if "It would be needless for
THE SOCIETY'S FINANCES. successfully shipped refrig DAY-NIGHT SESSION. me to
erated in the same as strawberries.The multiply further references to fine
Reports from the secretary and way Election of officers came first in or-
treasurer! followed. They showedthe I' general opinion was adverse to der. The following is the result, citrus fruits and their allies. It is

matters of the society to their culture for profit. there being but one nomination in the practical aspect of this subjectthat
be in good shape, the publication Charles Henry Baker, formerly I. each case, and the result unanimous. I wish to bring to your: attention.
from the fruit region of California: "How can these varieties be introduced
of the last annual report being fully OFFICERS ELECT.
noof Grasmere Fla. said ?
Californians -
paid for from the regular receipts of.. President-Dudley. AdamsTan-'
had the
succeeded in of
the society. One hundred and fifteen not gerine, (Orange Co.) "Unfortunately Department
satisfactorily-drying their figs until Agriculture cannot send its agents out
new members had joined tHe" society First Vice-president-G. W. Mel!
had introduced the of the and if it al.
they raprifying country, even were
since the last annual meeting, the ish, De Funiak, (Walton Co.)
which did have in Florida. lowed to do there funds
fig, we not so, are no
total membership exceeding four hun Second Vice President- George L. i
N. Bradt of Fruitland had available for such The
dred, two hundred and filly of whom Benj. Faber, Glen St. Mary, (Baker Co.) purposes.
of the of the State could
planted cuttings caprifying fig, agents Department
were fully paid Third Vice.President-George H.
up.wORI.n's but they had died. obtain some of the varieties about the
FAIR APPROPRIATION RECOMMENDED. : l. Wright, Chuluota, (Orange Co.)
did think there where they located but it is
ProrSwingle not wasa ports are ,
Secretary-W. S. Hart, Hawks
in Florida. He out of the question to them
capryfying fig re expect to
At this point Arthur C. Jackson, Park (Volusia county).
counted the difficulties which had the allies of the since
procure orange,
Florida's Commissioner to the World'sColumbian Corresponding Secretary-E. O.
attended the introduction into California often only a botanist would be able to
Exposition, was intro Painter, DeLand (Volusia county).
of the insect which recognize them if in
especially not
caprifying ,
duced. In a short address he explained Treasurer-J. B. Anderson, San
carries from the fruit. Morover[ consuls
pollen caprifying figsto our more
fully what had been done to Mateo (Putnam county).
fertilize the varities. often than not have had
fruit-yielding no experience
wards making an exhibit from this Executive Committee Lyman
in horticultural and
State at Chirago, and set forth the WEDNESDAY>> ATERNOON SESSION.; Phelps, Sanford (Orange county); C. have other duties to which pursuits,

present needs of those having the "The Sub Tropical Laboratory and F. A. Bielby, DeLand (Volusia county devote their time. they. must

work in hand. After his remarks the Its Objects," by Profs. Swingle and ); A. H. Manville, Denver, (Put. "The then is for the

society, in response to the recommendation Webber, came next on the program. nam county). Florida horticulturists only way themselves

of a committee, voted to send Prof. Webber read a paper, jointly Except in the case of second vice- take the matter in hand. to

the following telegram at once to the prepared by himself and Prof. Swin president, the above were reelections PLAN PROPOSED FOR
president and speaker of the Florida gle, describing at some length the throughout, and all the gentlemen TION OF EXTRA TROPICAL INTRODUC

legislature, which was done : establishment of the Laboratory at elected were present excepting Messrs. "After considerable PLANTS.it has

"The Florida State Horticultural Eustis, and the work already begun as Wright, Bielby and Phelps. seemed most feasible to thought to

Society respectfully recommend the well as that proposed. [This paper PEACIIES, PLUMS AND s'rRA WIIERRIES. ize a stock or society me (for organ.the
immediate l honora- will be found elsewhere in this issue. company
passage, by your ]
T. K. Godbey, of Waldo, of the express purpose of introducing these
ble bod of the World's Fair
Committee on Peaches and Plums, and other economic plants. ThoughI

appropriation. TION. read a paper on the subject, whichwas have restricted myself in this paperto

GRAPES AND KAKI. He exhibited plans of the buildings followed by considerable discus- citrus fruits, since I had especially

The subject of grapes was next taken which have been erected, showing sion. studied them, I firmly believe that

up. A paper was presented by their internal arrangement, which he Strawberries came next on the list, equally valuable opportunities stand

}". I K. Haynes, of Niagara Villa, Or. explained in detail. lIe called atten there being no report or paper on the open to growers in other crops. For

lando, of the grape committee. As tion to the fact that the laboratory subject. After a few remarks on the instance there are three species of( rice,

Mr. Ilaynes was not in attendance, which, carried on under the plans de value of potash for strawberry grow. and Balatin enumerates thirteen well

the paper was read by the Secretary, veloped by Profs. Rwingle and ing [which we give our readers under marked varieties (not strains,) of these

as was also a paper on kaki, by N. Webber, would amount practically to the head of fertilizers], the subjectwas species occuring in Russia alone.

Woodworth, of Welaka, member of a horticultural experiment station, passed. "In Brazil, Peckholt enumerates 38

the committee on this fruit, who was was a permanent institution. He SECOND DA MORNING SESSION. valuable varieties of cassava belong-

not present. stated that the present appropriationof The entire morning was given up to ing to several species. In the Hawaiian

[They 1 iKiHn| presented on these. su!>- $5,000 was inadequate to enable the consideration of citrus fruits. Islands there are 14 kinds of

jecta, and other fruits and crojw UN well them to undertake all the work that There was no report or paper sub Tanja or taroe (colocasia tsculcnta)

M those on fertilizon, irrigation, etc., seemed imperatively demanded by the mitted by the committee on this important grown. Baron von Muller enumcr-
which are not found elm wlu'rt' in this
i issue of the 1F'AitatFuANU) FUl'IT Gnowfm, condition of fruit culture, even if restricted subject, but in a long and dis 2485 species of useful plants suitablefor

will follow in Hiibsequent i iS1'\ul' *. Theyare to the most important pro. cursive discussion many points of interest cultivation outside the tropics, and

all in hand and will IK given place, ductions, and he urged the importanceof were brought out, which will be there are probably more than this

together with the discussion elicited by securing an increase of the appro given our readers in due course. found within the tropics."In .

ottdi them.,-a*Kn.fast) ] an space can bo found! for priation to $10.000 in order that the The interest of the morning session, comparison with these numbers

THE FIG work might be extended.No which was entirely given to the Citrus, hew few plants have been tried in

other feature of the meeting centered in a paper read by Prof. W. Florida Very many of the most
next on the In
programme. aroused more interest than this accountof T. Swingle, of the Sub-Tropical important sub tropical and tropical
the absence of a report or on
paper the Eustis station and its work. Laboratory, Eustis. plants have never been introduced,
the subject, it was discussed inform
much less tried here.
There of
was a general expression CITRUS FRUITS UNKNOWN TO FLORIDA.
ally.A its establishment "I would suggest therefore that the
congratulation on ,
number commented on the no- This paper, entitled "Some Citrus ----
and unanimous in (favor of
usual vigor and prolificness of the figs a opinion Fruits which Should be Introducedinto

in the Pensacola region. Many the increased appropriation. A com Florida," together with the dis 'IS253S A LSH555A.,A-...D03L"'" *
thought Peninsular Florida too far mittee, with Major G. P. Healy as cussion which it drew out and the ac

South for the best results, owing to chairman, was appointed to lay the tion which followed formed one of the I
their propensity to grow out of sea matter before our congressmen at once. most interesting and important features JJrltilS" r

son and consequent winter killing.It FERTILIZERS: of the meeting. In his essay I i

developed, however, that in this was the next subject taken up. the professor pointed out that of the I PAINLESSEFFECTUALFOR !

upper region of Florida and South The chairman of the committee Mr. many varieties of the orange very few i;

Georgia, where the fig thrives so well, Holdridge presented a paper on the had been yet introduced into this BILIOUS NERVOUS

planters are restricted to a few of the subject and also read a paper by Rev.E. State; that of the seventy species of

hardier varieties.Mr. Campbell, of Merrimac, also a citrus we have but eight or nine, DISORDERS,

Taber (Baker Count)') had member of the Committee, who was and that of the great number of allied ;2[Such Stomach. Sick Giddiness.HeadacheWind Fullness{ ,and Swelling rain In after the\*'>

found the Brunswick, Celestial an i not present. [The discussion of the species, many of which would prob. < Meals, Dizziness, Drowsiness. Chills, Flush-*
Lemon varieties most! satisfactory. subject, which occupied all the remaining ably prove of great, if not equal value, lings Cl Heat, Loss of Appetite Shortness{

He thought the climate unsuited to time of the afternoon session we know nothing. He described: a
drying. He instanced a fruit growerin and was very interesting, will be large number of these species and ; ;all Nervous and Trembling Sensations. Rrerjr*
his section who planted a large orchard given in the Farmer and Fruit Growerin varieties that were of special value ,euflerer is urged to try one boi. 11
well for connection with the read. and the of their immediate ; O(all drujrffists. Price IS cent a box. {|
the trees doing anum.ber papers! ] urged importance New York Depot j bJ Canal Su 32TIIE
of years, but who after visiting to The session was adjourned at 4 introduction.

.1. Al.r.X. LITTLE, rrmldrtii. LOCK11AUT LITTLE Secretary and Treasurer








Special Invitation Extended to All to Visit Our Factory. PROMPT SHIPMENTS. GREAT CARE AND ATTENTION GIVEN TO ALL ORDERS.


.- ---- .. .... ...
-- ------ --
I f i
company send a trained agent to va !I success of our Californian; rivals is very collectively should bring to the attention 1 Messrs. Taber, Hart, Moreman and
ri JUS countries and that he collect largely due to their own energy, push of transportation companies information others followed in the same line.It .
whatever economic plants he can ob- and perseverance. Is it not then as to what constituted proper I I was thought best to let the matter
tain as well as citrus fruits and their high time that the Florida horticulturists handling, urging upon them a better I go over to the next meeting without
allies. I show their abiding faith and knowledge of what fruits require and :I, definite action, but a resolution was
"The economic plants thus im I interest in the welfare of themselves the promulgation of rules for the unanimously passed, making the chair-
ported.could be placed on sale either and their posterity by putting in im guidance of employes in the matter, man of the Standing Committee on
independently or on commission with II mediate execution some plan for the the violation of which should be fol- Transportation a quorum of that
some good nurser)man and would, if I systematic introduction of all foreign lowed by suspension or discharge. It committee, and electing Major Healyto
judiciously advertised, hardly fail to economical plants at all suited to our should not be, he continued, a difficult that position. Also instructing that
pay expenses from the very start, and climate? There is some truth yet in matter to get railroad managers committee to arrange for rates and
certainly would be a most profitable the old saying : 'The gods help those to see that their interests and the interests transportation to and from the annual
investment in the end. I feel sure a who first help themselves.' of the growers are identical in meeting, which practically accomplishes
well trained, intelligent young man THE PI.AN Al'PROVKIl.( this matter. the desired purpose.
could easily be induced to go for his At the conclusion of Prof. Swingle's He advised, under the present con The members were invited by the
expenses or for a very small additional remarks, expressions of commendation ditions, shipping as far as possible in citizens to take a drive about the city,
salarv. I and approval came from all sides. The car loads, the fruit in this way being and the session was adjourned earlyto
"1 would suggest that the first trip 'I sentiment was unanimous. Not only loaded by the grower and going enable them to do this.
be made to Mexico, the West Indies were his ideas as to the importance of through without breaking bulk. He SECOND DAV-NIGHT SESSION.
and possibly Brazil. By beginningnear the introduction of new plants and ; thought small growers should unite Tuesday night P. H. Rolfs, entomologist
home experience as to the hest varieties earnestly endorsed, but there I locally to do this.A of the State Experiment Station -
method of collecting and shipping I was a general expression in favor of NEW DEPARTURE. at Lake City, gave a lecture on
can be gained before the more expensive the plan proposed as the most practicable "Injurious and Beneficial Insects,"
trips are made to more distant and feasible. After a majority) The report of the standing committee illustrating his subject by stereopticon
countries. had spoken in its favor it was unanimously was next called for. Maj. Healy, views of the little pests and friends,
"There' can be no doubt that many voted that a committee be chairman, said that they had no report which was greatly enjoyed by the
valuable citrus fruits occur in the appointed to proceed at once to organize to make, that a majority of the Society.
countries named above, as well as a society or company for the committee was present and had gone THIRD, DAY-MORNING SESSION.In .
hundreds of other economic plants.In purpose of undertaking the work on over the matter carefully, and were the absence of a report on "Diseases
I Brazil alone, as stated before, thereare the lines marked out. Later on during united in the opinion that they could and Insects of the Citrus," the
nearly boo economic plants. the meeting President Adams an offer no recommendations that couldbe subject was discussed and many inter
"The next trip might, if deemed I nounced the following "Committee on i. of any possible benefit to the Society esting facts elicited, which will be
necessary, be made to Italy and other the Organization of a Society or Company and the State. He deplored the given to our readers in a future issuein
southern European countries, and ) for the purpose of introducingnew habit the Society had fallen into of connection with the subject of
finally I India should be.visited. Plants and Varieties into Florida:" having an annual scold at the rail "Citrus Fruits."
"The very) grave dangers arising G. P. Healy, II. Williams, S. S. roads;which did not and could not, CATALOGUING OUR FRUIT.
from the possible introduction of new Harvey, \". '1'. Swingle, George L. amount to anythingand simply loweredthe Mr. Manville called attention to
insect pests and diseases could be 'I'a ber. tone of the Society. He calledattention the fact that no attempt had been
easily obviated by having importationsin SECOND HAY-AFTERNOON SESSION. to the fact that such discussionswere made to classify the fruits of the Statein
charge of a company which would rigorously excluded from similar such a way as to enable those en
systematically inspect and disinfectall The subject of marketing and trans societies thoughout the country. We I tering into fruit growing to select va
plants imported. This cannot be portation occupied the afternoon. M.1.S were a scientific body, and should rieties adapted to their particular location
done nearly as 'thoroughly by the individual Moreman, of Switzerland (Duval exclude purely business questions, and purpose. The horticultural
grower who may by mail or county), member of the Marketing such as who should sell our productsfor societies of other States had,
otherwise import foreign plants. I Committee, read a paper advocating us and what arrangements shouldbe almost without exception, prepared
feel confident that much of the inspection I I the Florida Fruit Exchange method. made for their transportation. He catalogues of this kind, which
and disin'ection could be done I E. Bean of Jacksonville, chairman of sympathized with the growers in their -
by the Subtropical laboratory (at I the committee, followed, urging, in a grievances against the transportationlines
Kt&tis) where we have the best facilities I paper which was read, the advantagesof and would be glad to join a '
for such work."Horticulturists. home sale. A general discussion a fruit gro\\'ers' association for the Tv's PillsRegulate i
of Florida By followed, all the speakers coincidingwith purpose of protecting and securingtheir s
Mr. Bean, that selling at homewas business interest in this and other
what I have said I hope I have succeeded -
the best plan for the grower and matters. But it should not be allowedto
in at
convincing many you The Bowels.Co .
affords the only practicable solutionof
take the valuable time of the
of this up -
least that the inauguration the marketing problem so far as it in to .t I r.ne..derange tb.wbo1 fI7&em *.
business Society, as was not a position
move would as a and bvgots dlsauo...cla as
would it in oranges are concerned. accomplish anything in this directionand
venture, eventually place Sick Headache
HANDLING THE FRUIT. it would only result in lessening ,
the one to new
and power better fruits every and other grow crops Irving Keck, of Bowling Green I 1 the dignity and standing of the Society.For Dyspepsia, Fevers, Kidney Dim.

and would, in so doing, place you (Polk county), chairman of a Special his part he would be in favor of Tatt*Bilious a Pill produe.aI..Jaa.u.rbodT Colic, Malaria, etc.
ahead of all competitors, Joreign or I Committee on the Proper Handling abolishing the standing committees on and good dictation, wttJUcli *...
domestic? 'I i of Fruits in Transit, made a short re- marketing and transportation alto I ...on. eaa.tijojrffoo4b...1 1'

"You are aware of the fact that the I port. He thought growers acting gether. Sold Everywhere

' I


J _

were annually received and were ac Grange; H. N. Soria, Caryville ; A. on this point is most instructive. I stocks and not a third in the crossing
cepted as authority on relative adapt- W. Stewart, Galt; J E. Burgess, When the Phylloxera first appeared in experiments. In case of many of the
ability of varieties to particular locations Winter Haven ; J. C. Chase, Sanford; European vineyards, the first treat- introduced species it is not
and conditions. The American W. F. Reed, Drayton Island ; H. ment adopted against the new enemyof known whether the fruit is edible or
Pomological Society had done the Waters, DeLand ; E. E. Sugart, De the grape was to treat the roots not, and of course they have not been
same thing in a more general: way for Funiak, and the following from Pen of the diseased plants with carbon tested for stocks or in cross pollinatingwork.
the country at large. He thought the sacola : A. V. Clubbs, C. T. Cronise, i sulphide or other insecticide. Soonit What a promising field for
society should undertake something of: J. A. Kirkpatrick, J. W. Spencer, J. was discovered that by using American experiments. What chances for improvement
the kind. Messrs. Taber, Healy, E. Regan, Dennis Burns, J. V. vines as stocks, the disease in citriculture there are by
Keck and others spoke in favor of Iansby. could be avoided. Now Prof. Mil using these species as stocks and in
the proposition and, as a result, the -- lardet announces that he has succeeded crossing.As .
following resolution was unanimously Some Citrus Fruits that Should bo in obtaining a hybrid of the stated above, the character of
Introduced into Florida.Read Vii and American the fruit of of
passed: : European vinifera an many the orange alliesis
Resolved, That a special committeeof Florida( State before Horticultural the sixth( annual Society meeting, by 1'rof.of the W. grape that has the exact flavorof unknown. A few are, however, of
five on "Catalogue" be appointedby T. Swingle,of Hustis.] the European, coupled: with the value. Of Limonia (or Triphasia)
the President, whose duty it shall The advances made during recent Phylloxera-resisting properties of the trifoliata, Tenison-Woods says : "The
be to prepare a catalogue of the fruitsof years in horticulture are largely dueto American: parent !II Malays are passionately fond of the
the State on a systematic plan, on the introduction of new varietiesof see no season to doubt but that fruit ; preserves are made from the
the same general line adopted by the cultivated plants, or to the improvement such a thing could be done with cit. pulp." There are at least three varie
American I'omolocical Society, show. of old . ing the relative adaptability-to each i or hybridizing. When we not however to this promising; field Limonia (or g 'tosnris) pcntaphylla,
section of the varieties of different consider the great changes the introduction that I wish especially to call your at Baillon says, i is very much esteemedfor
fruits grown in Florida. The same of a single good variety tention. its edible fruits.
to be submitted to the next annualmeeting. may work in the horticulture of a I feel convinced after months of Limonia (or glycosmis) citrifolia,
whole district or even whole states, research in the large libraries of tnis According to the same authority, is
Mr. A. G. Hamlin, of DeLand, it seems curious, to say the least, country that there remain many valu said to have delicious fruits.
Chairman of the Irrigation Committee why more effort has not been madeto able citrus fruits not as yet introduc Of Murraya exotica, 'Tenison-Woods
read an exhaustive and interesting procure all known varieties and ed. I Indeed if we reflect for a moment says, "Valued for its flowers, whichare
paper on this subject.No test them thoroughly in each region.A it seems highly improbable that used in perfumery, and for its
afternoon session was held on brief sketch of the introductionof this should not be the case. The small succulent fruits." The best kind
Friday in order to afford opportunityfor citrus fruits into Florida may not home of the orange is in tropicalAsia grows at Menardo Celebes.
the members to go on an excursionto be amiss as an example. The sour East India and Polynesia. Penzig says of Clausenia Wampi
the various points of interest on the orange (C. Bigaradid; ) was probably From time to time species have been (Cookia; punctate): "The mesocarp
bay. introduced by Spaniards at about the imported into Italy and other warm is fleshy and succulent, the flavor is
THIRD UAYNIGH' SESSION. time of the discovery of America. countries, till now citrus fruits are very acceptable, a little acidulous and
Afterwards sweet oranges, lemons, widely spread in nearly all tropicaland aromatic, except that the sharp perfume -
Thomas Hastings, of Hastings (St. limes and shaddocks were carriedto many subtropical countries. ( of the etherial oils and resin
Johns county), Chairman of the Com the West Indies and from Species not heretofore cultivated are pervades it a little too much."
mittee on Vegetables, read a paper, there the sweet orange probably cameto likely to be discovered only in the Of Clawenia Willdenoivii Oliver
and the subject of "})ears" was treated Florida. For the first 40 years of poorly explored) parts of Asia and says : "Lieut. Beddome has favoredme
by W. H. Lawrence, of Tallahassee, modern citriculture in this State prac Polynesia. Carefully selected varie with specimens of this Clausenia
of the Pear Committee. tically only a single variety: of sweet ties, the result of three centuries of from the Anamally Hills (India),
Invitations for the next annual orange was grown. The only lemons carelul gardening are to be found where it bears a delicious fruit some-
meeting were received from Eustis, known for years were the Florida only in Italy. France and Spain ; what similar, I think, in size to that of
Palm Beach, St. Augustine and Jack. Rough and the Sicily. choice varieties and sports are, how. the Wampi (Clausenia IVampi j.) The
sonville. Upon ballot the latter placewas Probably today we would have a ever, likely to occur wherever citrus fruit of Aegle mar rielos, the "bael" of
selected and E. Bean, E. '1'. scant dozen good varieties of citrus fruits grow. Some of these sportsare India, is much used in medicine, also
Paine and Lorenzo H. Wilson, mem fruits in America, if Gen. Sanford had likely of great worth, though for jelly and preserves. The mucus
bers present from that city, were ap not by his liberality inaugurated a they would not attain more than local about the seeds is used as size for
pointed a committee to arrange for most extensive introduction of citrus celebrity or even remain unnoticed varnish.Of .
the entertainment of members at the fruits from all parts of the world, by the natives. Considering the Fetonia elephant, Tenison-
next annual meeting and to invite but particularly from Italy. Rev. number and remoteness of these sours Woods says : "The pulp is valued for
citizens of that place to join thesociety. Lyman Phelps, one of our members, es of new species and new varieties, preserves and medicinally; it yieldslac
assisted and advised Gtn. Sanford in it is highly improbable that anythinglike and a gum like gum arabic."
T. C. Watson, Thos. V. Kessler these importations. Hundreds of va all the valuable varieties are now These extracts arc enough to show
and Jno. A. Moore, members from rieties and strains were introduced, in the State. that many of the citrus allies are worthy
Pensacola, were appointed a commit. and it is probably no exaggeration to The orange belongs to the tribe of trial for their fruits atone, regardless
tee to promote the interests of the state that two thirds of our desirable Auranteae of the great family Rutatae. of their value as stocks andin
Society and increase the membership varieties, and a goodly share of those ( This tribe comprises the close crossing. Every one will admit, I
in Pensacola and vicinity.A grown in California were broughthere relations of the genus Citrus, such as think, that it would certainly be of
constitutional amendment was and first tested by Gen. Sanford. Aetfe septaria (commonly called citrus great interest, and very likely of great
adopted, providing for a life membership Little has been done since these importations tnfoliataFeronia\ Ebphantum and value to test Limonia laureda. Of
at $10 and a number availed except to select and pro Limonia (or Triphasia) trifoliata. this interesting species Wallach says :
themselves of the opportunity to become pagate an occasional sport or bud 'It is the only species of Auranteaj
Now all told the number of speciesof
of these be in
life members. variation. Many may into that one finds on the snow.covered
After the usual final resolutions the reality hybrids made by birds and Aurantea hitherto introduced summits of mountains. It is, in fact,
Society adjourned sine die. insects carrying pollen from one tree Florida does not exceed eight or found where for months it remains
In addition to those mentioned to another. Of course there would be nine. Of course it must be remembered buried under the snow The! fruitsare
above as taking part in the proceed more chances of such crosses be. that the species as acid, the leaves have a strong odor
ings the following members, among ing valuable alter the number o!( accepted by botanists known are varietiesof very of musk and should be investigated as
others were noticed in attendance : good varieties commonly grown had comprehensive-all a source. of per/time.1
C. A. Boone, Frank N. Pierce and been increased by Sanford's impor- citrus being referred by It is a most interesting and highly
some to a single species ; .
wife Orlando Thomas tations. -
J. Rogers
; -
has been done in by others to two, but more commonlyto
Drayton Island; Mrs. P. H. Rolfs, Almost nothing
four five. The point I would
Lake City : Mrs. G. L. Taber, Glen the improvement and origination of I or CONSUMPTIONSURELY
attention is the fact
call especial to
St. Mary; Sam'l. Vickery, Drayton Is- varieties by artificial crossing except
that there at least known CURED.To .
land; Ed. Winter, Zellwood ; George by Rev. Lyman Phelps. i of are the tribe Auranfar seventy and THE EDITOR-Pleaso inform your read
Wilkinson, Jr., Federal Point; D. A. There can be no doubt that this species if known thor- era that I hare a positive remedy for the .
Morrison, DeLand ; Mrs. E. T. method of improvement is a most I probably they were as above named disease.l By its timely uso
Paine, Jacksonville; E. P. Pratt and important one. Almost any desired oughly as are the pines, for example, thousands of hopeless cases haro been per.
I of varieties I there would be a hundred listed manently cured. I shall be glad to send
wife New H.A. Wright Glen. combination of qualities two
Smyrna ,
; :
two bottles of
my remedy free to any of your
wood; \\'. A. Emmons, St. Andrews ; 1 or species of closely related I Reflect what this means-that of., readers who haro consumption if they will
C. H. Newell, DeFuniak ; Prof. A. : plants can be obtained if the crosses the possible 70 only 8 or 9 species send me their express and post office addresa.liecpectfally .
(__ W. Bitting, Lake City; Levi W. are repeated long enough. have been tested for the quality of : T. A. Slocum, M.O.,
Plank, DeFuniak ; A.. Brady, La The experience of Prof. Millardet their fruit, not half that number for I No. 183 Pearl f$treet,New Tork.




significant (fact that very many of the of the world." port of the Department of Agriculture -

species of the orange allies are highly I The cowla orange, according to : for year 1886, page 120)). In
variable. Of the 45 species mention i i Woodrow, turns yellow before it is 1889, Mr. & T. Galloway, present A
ed by Oliver in his paper on the Indian ; ripe, while a common variety in chief of the Division of Vegetable
species ofaHraHtfUfM, no less than Congo Free State and Liberia never Pathology, published a paper on the
27 varieties are enumerated, many of I loses its green color even when ripe.In 'Gum Disease or Foot-rot of the PIANOsThe _

these so marked as to have been pre. Congo Free State another variety Orange," summarizing the investigations Recognized Standard of Modern
vio tly considered as distinct species. occurs that grows on hill tops made on this disease up to that Piano Manufacture.

It is noteworthy that these 27 vane. and stands drought remarkably well. date. (Hull. 8 Hot. Division, U. S. BALTIMORE, NEW YORK,
ties are enumerated under only 15 of According to F. M. Bailey, citrus Dep. of Agri., p. 51)). In 1891, the 22 &2| R Baltimore *t. 149 Fifth Ave.
the 45 species, and that these 15 include australastdi has yellow, finger-shaped, first field work was undertaken by the WASHINGTON, 817. Pennsylvania Are.
nearly all the commonest and acid fruits 3 to 4 in. long by 1 inch Department of Agriculture on these ----- --

best known species. Tne chances are I in diameter ; it grows in tropical Aus diseases. Prof. L. M. Underwoodwas momeiers, paraffine baths, reagents,
that a careful survey of the aitrantca ralia. Of still greater interest is the employed by the Division of etc., including the ordinary outfit ofa

carried out in their native haunts variety Sanguinta, of the same species Vegetable Pathology to make a reporton modern botanical laboratory. The
would reveal an average of one or discovered as late as IS9::. Its the diseases of the orange. library at the present time contains

two varieties" for every species. Many called Red.fruited Finger Limeand He spent the months of February, 2,000 books and pamphlets, largelythe
already are known to have two or has blood red fruits 2 to 3 inches March and April in Florida, makingnotes private property of the writers.
three well marked varieties. long and only inch in diameter. on the diseases, their effects and $500 of the appropriation for the in-

1 suspect that the great variability The pulp is sharply acid and of a pink symptoms. His report was publishedthe vestigation was expended for books
shown by our cultivated species of color. It bears abundantly and following fait (Journal of Mycology l. bearing on the citrus family of direct

citrus is manifested in their wild allies. grows; so luxuriantly that it is Vol. VII, No. i, issued September necessity in the contemplated work.
Of course every horticulturist will recommended as a stock, for 10, 1891)). This working library of 2,000 vol-
understand that variability is, so to general use in orange culture on ac In the latter of June 1891 Mr. umnes is supplemented by the large
part ,
speak, the capital stock of the plant count of its general vigor. In its Erwin Smith and one of the writers library of the Department of Agriculture -
br cr.'uhout it he can do littleif present form it might prove valuable were sent to the belt of Florida Washington from which booksare
- it be increased by hybridizing his from its odd shape and brilliant color.It to make further orange observations. Mr.- mailed to us as they are desiredfor
would unquestionably be of use in A arranged of tele
chances of obtaining a valuable Smith was recalled about the loth of use. system
hybridizing.Of for these enables to obtaina
variety are correspondingly increased graphing us
July. but the investigation con.__
--- n
the loose skinned Bona w --------0------- desired book from the
l, lie is doubly fortunate who oranges tinued during the summer till Department
works with a naturally variable via enumerates many kinds, varying library in about three days.
group ?. Again, in 1892, one of the writerswas
from sweet to 'Irom There still thousands of bookson
that contains species easily crossed very very s sent into the State about Marchto are
with each other. very small (the size of a kumquat) to continue the observations and the orange, and subjects related to
remained -
very large (nearly as large as a pom the investigation, which it seems absolutely
This indeed seems true of the till July. Our joint investigations
elo), from smooth to very rough, necessary for us to have if we
AuraHfar, but until the many speciescan began in October, 1892.
from yellow or even to lobster conduct the work
green are to satisfactorily ,
be introduced and tried, nature'sbounty
The main result of this field work
red or even in part tomato red. It is and we hope it may possible to obtain
stands unappropriated Are
was to demonstrate the necessity of
that kinds them.In .
highly probable many equalto
Florida horticulturists ready to claim
or belter than the King of Siam, work on the ground of trained observers connection with the laboratory,
their heritage? Shall these plants be
Tangerine and Mandarin could be with laboratory and equipment land for a small experimental garden
obtained and studied ?
obtained in eastern India. actually in the orange region.In was. as stated above donated bv the
Besides these orange allies, thereare this state of the investigation the I citizens of Eustis. It is 4 to
[After reading; the above|papt.'r l'rofes. proposed
species and varieties of kind offer of the citizens of Eustis
many hr Swindle nr inl upon the Society tho start here as a necessary adjunct to
citrus that should certainly be obtained importance| to Florida of the introduction located in the great lake region in the laboratory a collection of the various
if it is a possible thing. of these citrus! fruit and also other central peninsular Florida, to donatea species and varieties of the or
The best shaddocks are said by economic plant and prolMtvl] l a plan laboratory building and experimental
both native
for its accomplishment. See his remarksin ange and related plants,
'ren 5on-\\'oods to come from the proceeding of the Society on another grounds for the use of the Division!' of and foreign. It is hoped that corre.
Amoy, China, but nearly as good l pO_'J Vegetable Pathology of the U. S. De spondence with U. S. consuls in foreign
come from Labnan, Borneo. ...,-- partment of Agriculture in investigating ports and with foreign botanists
Woodrow says the best oranges in The Florida Sub-Tropical Experi- the orange and other subtrop and horticulturists will enable us to
India are the Cintras of Nagpur. The mental Station.The ical the least
plants was, to say very obtain some of the many varieties not
Mofttmbique growing there weighs [ follow tug paper on the Sub-tropical In December 1892, work
Laboratory and its otnectit," by l'rofl. W. T. opportune. yet introduced into this country. We
8 oi. Sadoo, a Navel, weighs the Swingle and H. Webber, WAS read before the was begun on the laboratory and would especially request the aid of all
same, and is a fine, well marked, recent' Society.meeting] of the Florida State Horticultural pushed to completion about January American horticulturists in makingour

close-skinned fruit. Many of the members of the Flor- it 1893. The necessary books :and collection complete in those species
IJoulger says he has eaten some delicious ida State Horticultural Society are apparatus were ordered from the department already grown here.

oranges in Ceylon, also at probably) already familiar with the appropriation and have been The work contemplated by the Division .
Tucuman in Argentine the oranges are movements which resulted in the formation largely received and deposited in the of Vegetable Pathology, at its

said to be excellent. of the Sub tropical Laboratorya laboratory.The subtropical laboratory, is a thorough

Christie tells of a small, sweet, branch station of the Division of laboratry building is a small study of the diseases of subtropical
good-tasting orange growing at Miss. Vegetable Pathology of the United but comfortable and well constructed cultivated plants. Since at presentthe
recottah.V. States Department of Agriculture. six-room building. There are two orange is by far the most important -
Heldrich speaks of fine orangesat For several years the Department of private laboratory rooms sixteen feet of the cultivated plants of sub
Kalmatia. An anon'mousVrfter Agriculture has been in receipt of re square, one private laboratory9x14 tropical Florida, the maladies of cit-

tells of an orange from Johanna, near quests lor information in regard to feet ; library 16x20 feet. rus plants will naturally be studied
!Mozambique( found at the botanic gar the various diseases of subtropical Culture room 7x8 feet ; a dark room first. Some of the diseases are dueto

den of Dapporce, near Poonah, that plants, as, for instance, the Blight," for photographic and physiological causes apparent upon careful inspection
kept six months good and sound, wasa "Foot rot," "Die-back," "Scab," purposes in each room. Each private but others, and unfortun
very delicious fruit of large size.F. etc., of the orange, and in 1891 the laboratory is further supplied with ately among these the worst are to be
M. nail)' recommends Citrus Society petitioned the Secretary of compressed air which is conductedinto numbered, are due to causes as yet
Infra of Nr,rth Australia for cultiva I Agriculture to have a careful investi the rooms by pipes from the unknown. In the experience of plant
tiofi. It has fruit much like the West gation made of these and other dis- blower of the gas machine. Eustisnot pathologists the world over it has been

Indian limes and attains a fair size. cases of the orange. being supplied with gas the necessary repeatedly found that in such cases
C. Australis, of the same country, has wing to the lack of funds little gas machine was purchased as the only profitable course is-to make
round fruits i to 2 inches in diameter, i could be done till the present fiscal part of the equipment of the labora thorough studies of the physiology and

which make good preserves; the tree year beginning June 1892: when a anatomy of diseased and healthy
sometimes grows 60 feet high !, small appropriation of $5,000 was tory.To th north of the laboratory about plants. Then after we understand

Horvavia says one of the best pomelos wade available for this purpose. sixty feet a second small building 7x14 exactly what changes in structure,
in the wtrld is to be found at Bombay I Previous to this time but little work has been erected to serve as a general what derangements of functions,

in December a red, thin.skinned, had been attempted by the Department mechanical shop a disease causes, we are in a positionto
juicy fruit, as large as a man's head. I Agriculture on these dis The apparatus so far purchased includes search intelligently for the cause
u'ranjore-lM the best Portugal i I eases. Prof. F. L. Scribner, while in two of the best Zeiss micro and cure or prevention of the mal
oranges in all India." At 'charge of the Section of Vegetable scopes with the usual accessories, ady. It should not be forgotten that \

Itauvttl grows perhaps) the sweetest Pathology, published a short paper on microtomes, balances, sterilizers, though the study of medicine in hu-
orange to be found in any part the "Orange leaf Scab" (Annual Re. wet chambers, thermo-regulators, there [Continued on pare::: a J


Our J\ iFSLl! Jiome a cup of melted lard in which is a tea Economy of Mother. I the :water pitcher need refilling?

spoonful of salt, one teaspoonful of We talk so much of the economyof I Carry it down in the morning and

- soda dissolved in boiling water, and a the household and yet most of us I back whenever you go, but don't

Domestic Hints. teaspoonful each of cloves, cinnamonand begin at the wrong end to practice it, climb the stairs purposely.A .

Lemon stains on cloth may be re- ginger. When all is mixed, adda says Mrs.' Roe in Table Talk. We small stand in the front hall is

moved by washing the goods in warm teaspoonful of( vinegar, and as much housekeepers: in our efforts to keep a great convenience- on it maybe

soacsuds or in ammonia. flour as can be mixed in. Roll thin everything about our premises in that "laid the book that belongs in the

The grease should always skimmed and bake in a quick oven perfect order which we so much ad. study, the books brought down for

from all soups. Long and slow boil win n.: RoW '. mire in our eighbor's domain, break the children to do their school work,

ing is necessary to extract the strength Three pints of flour, a scant pint of I the machine which does the work or, the stockings you mended Helen's

from the meat. If boiled fast over avery milk, half a cup of yeast, four table in other words, wear ourselves' out in dress now finished, all these to be

hot fire the meat becomes hard spoonfuls of lard or butter, one egg, the constant struggle. Then a periodof carried up by the first one going.At .

and tough and will not give.out its one teaspoon'ul of salt, ,a tablespoonful invalid wife, a housekeeper, new home where there were several

juices. The cook should season soup of sugar. Soften the butter and servants, children running wild, a dis little children we were taught to lookin

slightly, as more can be added if necessary : add it to the milk, which should be couraged husband, and oh, dear! a certain place in the hall every

while it is impossible to remove lukewarm, add the yeast and the egg probably more dirt than ever accumulated time we went up stairs, sometimesthe

it.The beaten light, and stir the whole into before in so short a time. Oneof clean towels for Dora's room,

best soap for cleaning paint can the flour anti beat well, with a spoon. the most noticeable things in a sometimes a vase of flowers for the

be made by taking an ounce of pow Turn on a fl ,aired: board and knead young housewife is the ease with spare chamber, or a pile of clean

dered borax, one pound of the best tor twenty minutes. Knead again and which she runs up and down stairs. !, clothing. There was a place in both

brown soap cut into pieces, and three let it rise (or a !second time, then She never walks. I expects she thinks back and (front hall there and thoughyou

quarts of water. Put all in a kettle, form into rolls.Then the rolls are her 'friends would call her lazy. may say you don't want to seea

set on the back of the stove until the double their original size bake themin One woman does her washing and pile of ,stuff lying around I think

soap is all dissolved stirring frequently a quick oven. ironing the same day and says, "Oh, where there are a number in the

; it must not boil. Use \\itha ORANGE I'UDWNG.' it saves folding the clothes. Do you family to go.

piece of old soft flannel. To starch One of the most delightful orange suppose she has really saved anything? UP STAIRS FORTY TIMES

linen use a teaspoonful of powdered puddings is a simple custard. Heat A lady on the same street told me she a day the pile will not be there long.
(four to froth add five tablespoonfulS tried it and said "I found I wasn't
borax to one quart} of boiling starch.It eggs a Mother's' motto was "Always sit
will improve the stiffness and gloss of sugar and tire yellow rind ;ood for" anything all the rest of the down when you can." Sit to beat
and its sticking.A of one Mediterranean orange'hip week. In the summer time many
prevent eggs, to mix cake, to peel the vegta-
the mixture fold the clothes after dinner thus
well with a pastry whip ,
mixture which is excellent for bles for dinner, and I have seen
and add a pint and a half of rich milk, wasting part of the daylight which is
removing grease spots and stains from mother with a small board in her lap
with a teaspoonful of salt. Mix' well. so precious where there are many to
carpets and clothing is made of two sit tranquilly) ironing handkerchiefswith
Pour this custard into for and do it all. It
little tin moulds sew only one to
ounces of ammonia, two ounces of her tired feet on a cricket and
holding about a gill and a half. The is better to fold them just at dusk
white castile soap, one ounce of glycerine near enough to the stove to obviate the
moulds should he buttered and then when it is too early to light the lamps
one ounce of ether. Cut the necessity of rising for a hot iron. Now
sprinkled with a little before and yet it is too dark to see the
soap in small pieces and dissolve it in sugar there are self heating irons, so that
they are filled. Set the puddings in a sti ches.
one pint of water over the fire; then one may not be troubled changingflats.
pan of lukewarm water and put them Some other housewife, anxious to when the end of the
add two quarts of water. This should And at
then be mixed with more water, in the in a moderately hot oven; cook them save time, does the sweeping and bak day I have said, "It has been a hard
until they are firm in the centre. It ing on Saturday because she wants the "
proportion of a teacupful to one ordinary day, mother, she has replied, "Yes,
sized pail of water. The soiled will take about 50 minutes. When house but I am not so tired as I expected to
hey are done make a sauce of them. CLEAN FOR SUNDAY, few
articles are then washed thoroughlyin be. Don't you suppose mo
this. If grease or oil is spilled on Mix\ two well beaten eggs with half a and then her Friday is not broken in ments' rest at every chance was a helpin

a carpet sprinkle flour or fine meal teaspoonful of flour and two teaspoonfuls to. Hut when Sunday comes-she goesto the end? Don't say it wont pay to

over the spot as soon as possible, let of powdered sugar. Add a scant bed instead of to church and is get a chair just for those few mo-
of cornstarch. Beat all
it remain for several hours and it will teaspoonful completely tired out. Do you won ments, for though you may not see it

absorb the grease. these ingredients thoroughly togetherwith der that Jonas dreads Sundays and now it will add to your years and helpto
a pastry whip, and add graduallya ) in the
0 I does sometimes wish that Molly keep your strength long run.
Recipos.FOAI cup and a half of boiling hot milk. wouldn't try to do it all in one day ? Keep your apron on a nail close to
Continue to stir the sauce over the fire the door and the time in
SAUCE. Then Molly complains Monday morn by you are
till it boils; then add a gill of good ing that the house is in such confusionthat the pantry it is on and you are readyfor
Take butter the size of
an egg, one- sherry. Stir again; and pour the sauce the and the board.
half of white Rub together it does seem as if she would fly. rolling pin pie
cup sugar.
over puddings. looked the week's This time. When doing the
Jonas over papers saves
to a froth. Then over it _
pour -- e -
one-half of and Molly'[ wasn't there to ask if he Saturday baking move the tables closeto
boiling water. Stir
cup How's This!
wouldn't bundle them the in winter though in summer -
up ready to pile range ,
briskly while pouring. Serve with
:; \"e offer One Hundred Dollars Reward away, and so she has it to do Monday. I would keep as cool as possibleeven
pudding hot.
for any case of Catarrh that can. The children cut papers and mamma at the risk of extra steps. Peo

TIPI'ECANOE PUDDINi not be cured by Hall's Catarrh Cure'! wasn't there to remind them to pick ple are tired in summer even when

One of bread one-half F. J. CHENEY & CO., Props.,
cup grated up the scraps and so she must do it on i doing.nothing.
cup of chopped raisins, one cup of Toledo, O. Monday morning, and in fact if Molly i Have a whisk broom, a button

sweet milk, a lump of soda the size ofa We, the undersigned, have known would sit down and count the cost hook, string and a pin cushion in ev .

bean, one-half cup of molasses, one F. J J. Cheney for the last fifteen years, she would find it would be a saving of ery room in the house; then you need

egg, one quarter teaspoonful of cinnamon and believe him perfectly honorablein time and strength and work, to do not make a pincushion of yourself for

one-quarter of a nutmeg, table- all business transactions and finan- only about so much in one day. the baby to scratch her nose on.

spoonful of chopped suet. Stir to. cially able to carry out any obligation Does Aunt Jane sweep the corners Don't make your mark that way.

gether. Put in a tin pail and cover made by their firm. every day ? You needn't! Thereare Most[ all house keepers use the half-

close. Steam one hour and a half. West & Traux'holesale Druggists, wrinkles in Aunt Jane's face that dozen made holders to take things

STEAMED I EGGS. Toledo, O. ought never to be there, and they from the oven, but I think half an old
Walding, Kinnan & :Marvin, Whole. will be in yours if you don't take apron hung at the side or tucked un
Butter a pudding dish and put ina sale Druggists, Toledo, o.Ilal1's more rest. der the apron string is much more

layer of bread crumbs; add a little Catarrh Cure is taken internally Don't make your bed as soon as convenient than the ordinary holder
butter in bits, and season with salt and acting directly the blood clean and
upon you are out of it. I know a house and more easy to keep one
pepper. Break half a dozen eggs and mucous surfaces of the system. keeper whose beds are always made does not care if it is covered on both
carefully over this layer, and a little Price, bottle. Sold by all
75C. per before breakfast, and I know another sides with apple juice.
pepper, salt and bits of butter ; cover Druggists. Testimonials free.
who beds and windows ,
with new milk. Set the dish in a __. opens
'-' --t. ----
and never thinks of spreading them Tbo.IiEMT: .1IAVIlISRIlY
steamer over boiling water and steama The Paine Fertilizer Go's ofico) at and TOO1 io tb. work! foroooMdinc
up till she goes to dress for the B 0 RE l to thin btuUMM *uo
few minutes, or until the eggs are Jacksonville, at the suggestion of their
sufficiently: cooked. New York: olliee and their New York afternoon. I used to think, as a Horso Powers,
agents, will inaugurate a system of cut child, that it was the greatest fun WELLSDRILL Stoam Engines,
MOLASSES: COOKIES. rates on all agricultural chemicals after I to be made into the bed, and hailed Pumps &valves,
December 1 ilth. This will IKJ purely an Iron PJr*Mid Fittin**.w.n Boo.
One of molasses of with delight the night when mother I IloomtaadnlUbMwarkAMarad.
cup one cup pile*
exjK-riment. You had !better! take ad- CtUkctM m4U.d JV *.
sugar, one egg Heat these ingre- vnntaBro of it while it fcfc, See nd. on had to go upstairs with me, becausethe LOOMIS & NYMAN, .
dents together. adding three-fourths% of 1)10;; n. bed had not been made. Does WELLS Tirrix ..UIlO.THE .



sess the scientific attainments required; previous years of thought and effort in and miles. This, together with the

flLORIDA.OlsrATCH, "TGROWER I they are not only energetic and persevering the same direction by moOny leading satisfactory condition of the Society'sfinances

t 1 ERYn I) IAAMASAtUANCti1..LM.tMM.M1M( I but they are also practical horticulturists, and was born full the definite arrangementsmade

ARL toi.u0rtaww+unua. and matter-of-fact-qualities, the lack fledged, thanks to the labors of these for the publication of its proceedings

STEPHEN POWERS Editor.P. of which renders the researches and pioneers who paved the way. and the unanimous approvalof

O. Address. Lawtey Fl*. investigations of so many scientists With the height of the orange fever, a life membership, demonstratesthe

-- comparatively valueless. in 1874, came the Florida Fruit Grow deep interest taken by the growers

CONTENTS. Important benefits to the State must ers' Association. This was more discursive -! in the Society, makes a turning point

Oc Jlo.Tlcnre..BT.-Prct- dful'l........ a6S result from the experiments begun in its work, had more U promoters in its history, and fixes in the public

Borne Citrus.Fruits Th.t Should.Be Intro- ai and proposed. It is to the interest of and fewer practical horticul-- mind the fact that it is one of the per

The Florida.Sub-Tropicalltzperlmmt..Station 272 i every grower, indeed of every citizen, turists in its membership than the manent institutions of the State.

OCR KCRAL HOME-Domestic Hints; Recipes; that extended. which to be _.- -.- .
Economy of Mother ...... 273 they should be Every present Society, was expected -

ITOaIAL-OUr Society for the New Importation KznerimetU of 1'Iant Station;The; possible pressure should be brought.to during the ".boom" period ; The Legislature Should Make tho

lature Florida Should Horticultural Make the' Society AppropUtion.; The 'Iegi.... 274 bear upon Congress to secure the in still it accomplished a great deal. Appropriation.The .

fIICXLLAJCEotTS-Weather. .. and Ctopt..... 276 crease asked for in the appropriationfor The work of the Hart-Ilidwell-Ken. Pensacola meeting of the State
-- -
Weather in Jacksonvillo. these investigations in Florida. worthy-Davis committee laid the (foundation Horticultural Society has brought to

i of our orange nomenclature. public attention in a very forcible way
I S.S. I d tie."i-i: Society for tho Importation of It was the patron of the State Fair the importance of the fruitgrowingand
I t :
VATa. I. a a I H s Plants. I interests of the State.
40 '" '" g....: held at Jacksonville for several yearsin gardening

April II........ -70 6S- M- 0s- "I 76- -0.00 Among the many important things the seventies, and carried off the The orange industry, of comparatively :
April 12........ 70 72 84 (6 18 l' 0.00 I accomplished or undertaken by the
April I!........ 7" 71 8Q 66 n 18 0.00 sweepstakes premium over California recent development, now bringsto
April .4........ 72 73 66 68 18 77 0.00 Horticultural Society at its recent
April 1$....... 70 75 tt4 67 17 76 O.IJ and the world in the citrus competition the upper peninsula an income of
.6........68 ,tiJ 1 71 0.00 meeting, none promise results -
April April 17........ Sq 164 71 ,53 t6 !.161 oooSums. greater at the New Orleans Cotton Cen six or seven millions of dollars. The

..... ,---1--1--. to the State than the measures I I I tennial in 1885.Howeverthe. product of the truck farms of the

E. U. DF.IAIN, Observer. taken to secure the organization of aI fruit growers who made State already amounts to millions, and

society or company for the importation their industry a practical success on a is rapidly increasing. Pineapple culture

Our New Experiment Station. of plants into Florida. legitimate business basis in the decade still in its infancy, yields a large
The fact that Florida has a real, ; All the progress made up to this that (followed the speculative, inflated revenue to the subtropical legion.In .
time is due individual efforts in this
live, thoroughgoing, scientifically to imnligration-circular period, did not a few years the pear oachards of
direction. Take from Florida horticulture
conducted Experiment Station, devoted take kindly. to the old Fruit Growers' northern and western Florida may.
the of Dr. Per-
to horticultural investigation importations Association, and after its triumph at yield an annual revenue equal to that

and the introduction and testing of rine, Parsons, Bidwell, Lozier, Sanford New Orleans it speedily fell into "in. received by the orange growers and
and others and should have
new varieties and plants, will be news we nocuous desuetude." the peach orchards of the same sec
but little left. But Prof.
to many of our readers. We have as Swingle In '86 the Nurserymen's Associationwas tion will not be far behind.

been needing just such an institutiona urges, we have scarcely touched the organized. It was composed. of There seems to be no doubt in the
long time and deploring the lack of great possibilities open to us in this practical men engaged m working out mind of one who has investigated the

it these many years. line.We hope the committee entrusted the knotty problems of horticulture.From subject that in a few years the fruits

We have been blundering along the outset it covered a much and vegetables shipped from this State
with the work will push it at once to
fighting insects and diseases unintelligently wider range than seemed to have been will exceed in aggregate annual valueour
completion. We are confident that
not knowing friends from intended when its name was adopted.It combined cotton and lumber pro.
hundreds of
our progressive growers
enemies, using remedies that often proved impracticable to limit its duction.
and others interested in the
did more harm than good, with- membership to nurserymen and it was These industries are not prospective,
welfare of the State will join in the
out knowledge of new sorts that soon apparent that to attain its greatest they:: have already developed into large
and before
enterprise, a we
year passes
would be of value to us, and using usefulness the association must be proportions. This has been done almost
look to see competent agents scouringthe I
imperfect and defective methods in broadened to include the entire field entirely by individual effort,
tropical and sub tropical regionsof
cultivating: those we have-all for lack of horticulture. largely experimental; each has had to
the earth in search of trees and
of careful, well-directed experiments.And Accordingly a meeting was called work out results for himself without
plants that promise to be of value to
now Uncle Sam, with so little at Ocala April 10, 1888, for this pur guide or precedent. We have reacheda
flourish of trumpet that few of! us have -----4...*- pose. The Florida State Horticultural point now when this is no longer

been aware of it, has provided for us. The Florida Horticultural Society. Society was organized and the Nurse. necessary. The relative adaptability

We publish elsewhere an accountof There is no better indication of the rymen's Association merged therein. of varieties and methods to different

B the Sub-Tropical Laboratory and progressiveness and prosperity of hors The Society has steadily grown in sections, and the other factors of success -

test grounds, recently established at culturists in any section than their strength and usefulness. Last yearit are beginning to be understoodby
Eustis. maintenance of a strong, active asso- was incorporated and publishedthe our best growers; by the progressive

This is an important event in the ciation or society. Judging by this proceedings of its exceedingly in men who get together and com

history of fruit and garden culture in standard the fruit growels and garden. teresting meeting at Ormond in a pare notes at these meetings of our

this State, and it is a matter of ers of this State keep abreast of the substantial. clothbound volume. Horticultural Society. But the benefits
surprise to us that it has not been times and enjoy results and material This year's meeting was looked for of this interchange of ideas by

noised abroad, that almost nothinghas I prosperity. Florida has a State Hor- ward to with exceptional interest, as those who have attained greatest success -

been said about it in our press.It ticultural Society to be proud of. It it was to be the first held in the west are lost by the vast majority of

is good news of the greatest im is a public institution whose work is a ern part of the State. fruit growers and truckers who do

portance to our horticulturists, that credit as well as a benefit to the com The proceedings which we publishthis not-most of whom cannotattendits

the solution of the problems we monwealth. In membership, in intelligence week give the result. The ex meetings ; they are still grop.

have been blundering over is to be in practical usefulness, pectations of those who urged that ing in the dark, going over the
undertaken by competent men fully in scientific attainment it does not the Society should hold this year's same ground, attempting the same

equipped for the undertaking.The suffer by comparison with similar session in the far west have been problems, making the same mistakes:
Government and our peopleare organizations in other States or coun fully realized. each without knowledge of what has

particularly fortunate in the men tries.While There was a good attendance not been accomplished, or of what others

men selected for this work. Profess it dates back only five years, withstanding the fact that it involved, are doing. The sum annually wasted
sors Swingle and Weber not only pos it was led up to, and resulted from for the majority, a journey of thous experiments that have been repeat-


L -



edly tried and the results of which We have all the papers on horticultural that some houses always

have been fully ascertained is enor topics, read before the State You have noticed seem to aced repainting ;
they look dingy rusted,
mous. As a result progress is slow, I Horticultural Society at its meetinglast faded. Others always look bright, clean, fresh. The owner of the first

the development of entire sections is week. Space will not permit the "economizes" with cheap" mixed paints, etc.; the second paints with

held back for years and individuals :I publication of them all in this issue.
Strictly Pure White Lead.
sustain unnecessary loss and failure, They will follow as rapidly as possiblein .

simply because there is no way of as- subsequent issues together with the The first spends three times as much for paint in five years, and his build

certaining what others have accom- discussions elicited by each. ings never look as well. .

--- *...+> Almost everybody knows that good paint can only be had by using
plished. strictly pure White Lead. The difficulty is lack of care in selecting it. The
Experiment Stations have been established -i The railroads have redeemed the following brands are strictly pure White Lead, "Old Dutch" process; theyare

in most States ; they are promises made in their behalf, and by standard and well known-established by the test of years :
'ANCHOR (Cincinnati) "RED SEAL (St. Louis)
the low of fare established ..
devoted to scientific rather than prac very rate ..ECKSTEIN'* (Cincinnati) .' KENTUCKY" (Louisville)
SOUTHERN St. Louis and ) ATLANTIC"(New York)
have rendered liberal Chicago
a at.
tical questions, their scope is limited COLLIER" (St. Louis) "JEWETT" (New York)

and their operations ...low.Ve would tendance of members at the meetingof For any color (other than white) tint the Strictly Pure White Lead with

the Horticultural Society at the remotest National Lead Company's Pure White Lead Tinting Colors, and you will
nut disparage them ; most of them have the best paint that it is possible to put on a building.

are doing a good work, but we would western point of the State.JVIai For sale by the most reliable dealers in paints everywhere.
II you are going to paint it will pay you to tend to us for a book containing information
t emphasize the fact that we have hun .. ---". that may save you many a dollar; it will only cost you a postal card to do so.

dreds of men in this State, includingsome ] !\ets, NATIONAL LEAD CO.,

of the brightest minds in this I Broadway, New York.

country, who are giving their time MARKET NOTKS.:
An important meeting of orange 2.50 to :3.50; celery, 25: to 60c bunch;
and spending thousands of dollars in JACKSONVILLE, FI.A.. Aprtl20.For : grower will l he held in JacksonvilleMay green peas, Savannah, 1.75 to 3.00;
making horticultural experiments and the week the Fruit Exchange ofll- 5J. See advertisement of Mr. E. L. Charleston, baskets, 1.50.) to 2.50; crates,
this for the of cers report the receipt of about 5,000 (Joodsell.FRUIT. 1.00 to 1.25; string beans, 2.00 to :3.00;
they doing
are purpose lioxes of ornnJ.: H. squash, 50c() to 1.00; tomatoes, Florida
making its various branches profitablethe The three Clyde "steamers carried out EXCHANGE BULLETIN, carriers, 2.00 to 2.50; crates, 1.00 to 2.00;;
about 4,000) l oxes of orange?, about (150() Norfolk spinach) 25 to 75c; radishes,1.00
most practical standpoint J possi- crates and barrels of vegetables and JACKSONVILLE. :, -',..\., Ariui 18.-1. to 1.25; North Carolina, 50c to 1.00: let
sible. about CO refrigerators (say 10,000 quarts) ) Car No. 2070() bold 1.05() to 3.8,1: ; averaged tuce, Charleston Iwiskcts, 1.25 to 2.00;
of btrawlterrie The Ocean Stvamphip 2.51. Car No. 700 sold 80 cents to 8.75: : ; Florida I I 1.25 to 200.
Shall our fruit and vegetable grow vessels, sailing from Savannah had cargoes averaged 2.20.:.! Good fruit scarce. PALMER, RIVENBURCI &: Co.
ers generally be given the advantageof a> follows : City of Augusta, April 2. Sale today ranged 1.20 to 3.10; average ,
I U), 5,710 boxes: of orange! and :iUK! ) cratesof !' 2.04() : large sizes. Demand good. PHILADELPHIA, April
this work ? Its results are broughtout vegetables: Nacooclico. April In. I.Uto 3. Sold 1400 boxes today. at 1.25 toi.2 In d' 1):_.._ ,_u__. .a ..t'iL.lornnJ'l'tJ. r _, ; ,
( tan ..
; IU't'uuu.r 10 Hi; Clioice,
at these meetings and are published boxes of oranges, 9,450:' crates of vegetables I':) .t; average.2.37. Grape fruit 2.02 to 2.50 to ::1.00; other sections, small sizes,
Kansas City, April 14. 2aaO: IMHCOS :3.75.; Quality only fair and almost every
in the of the ; B. & R., :3.00) to 3.50: largo sizes l.ftO to
proceedings Society. line showed less decay. Market
more or
of orange 9,2tH: crates of vegetables.. 2.00; grope fruit, fancy bright, 3.00 to
The Society is not able to publishmore City of Hirmingham April 11 t. ::1GIO! still on sound fruit, gojxl sizes. 3.50. Cabbage, medium size hard, 3.00

than a limited edition, sufficient etables.boxes of oranges, and 6:1.i0crates: of veg grajH We?' fruit recommend, as demand quick) is shipment active and of to 3.50; large and I leafy, 1.50 to 2.00;
cauliflower, hip by express, per b. c.,
only for its members. The present HHIPSIKXTS BY 1t.\II.. prices) good. 10.00 to 15.00; egg plants, barrel or b. c.,

session of our Legislature will be asked For the week ending April 18, the oranges : 10,00 to 12.00; beets, young and goal,
carried by rail eat. of Lake City AUCTION SALES. I bunches, 5.00 to 6.00; tomatoes,
to make an appropriation sufficient were estimated to aggregate 23,500: :;( Blake & Iliplcy, Boston: fancy, per crate or carrier. 3.50 to 4.00;

to publish several thousand bo x CtJ. April 11.Florida oranges, 1.50 to string l beans, ship only good young stock,
KIlirilENTS OF VEC: ETAnLES. a.7liA; grape fruit, 2.20:.! to 3.87s ; California 2.50 to 3.00; squash, young and tender,
of the annual for the
copies report During the period above mentioned, navels, ::1.00 to 3.87J.; 1.25; to 1.50; new |potatoes, Early Rose,
current year for free distribution. the warm weather of tho preceding days Sgobel & Day, New York : per barrel, 10.00 to 12.00.(
caused a large increase in the .slip. REDFIKLD&SOX.
Nothing: can add more to our (!engn- Apri111.-Florida oranges, 1.15 to".0.); -
i- mentsof many lines of vegetables.; The
era! prosperity than the rapid growthof following estimates are furnished : lettuce )pomelo!*, 4.00 to 4.75; barrels, 5.12. CHICAGO, April 17.-New beets, 30 tome

these industries. This is of the 1,2.".O crates ; beets 2,200 crates ; 1 t;. S. Goodsell, New York : : per down; cabbages Florida, 2.50
cabbage, :JWtt75: : crates ; tomatoes, 14,000 April) I 10.-Florida oranges. 2.05to() 3.35); to 2.75; cukes, 1.25 to 1.50 p per dozen;
utmost importance to the communityat crates; squashes, tOO() ) crates; cucumbers, {xmielos, 3.65.(} egg plants) 2.75 to :3.00 |>er dozen ; }head
large. They have developed slow IKK) crates; beans, 10,000()() crates; new potatoes Market Auction, Philadelphia : lettuce, X 0., 1.30) per case; peas, 1.75
750:' barrels and crates; |n'as, 4b50 to 2.00 |per lox; green onions, 1.50() to
ly, with no aid from the State, but crates; strawberries 10.0K( () crates' ; eggplants April 13.-Florida oranges, 1.80 to 3.2.; 2.00 per Imtliel; beans, Florida, 3.50 to
their importance is now apparent and 725:' crates and barrels; cauliflower California oranges, 1.10 to 255. 4.00 i per bushel; wax, 0.50 to 7.00
5J75 crates.OUAMIKS t S. C. Cook, Philadelphia : box; tomatoes, 1.60 to 1.75X1r 10-lb taX
they should be fostered by the Statein Bermuda and Cuba; potatoes, Her-
AT AUCTION./ April 12.-Florida oranges, 1.20 to 2.25,;
every possible way. At the Monday auction in Jacksonville I California oranges. 1.00 to 2.05. much, 8.00. -

The proceedings of similar societies good heavy fruit reached high figures, I South Water Street, Chicago : ST. Louts April 17.-New potatoes,
their bright selling up to 2.50:'( I per box for the Chicago \prilI2.-0ne car California 2.25; to 2.50 box ; cabbage Florida, 2.75 ;
published by respective
are lxt lots, and russets! from 1,800() to 2.00. seedlings, culls, 45c to 105. tomatoes, 2.00 to 3. \(d I O-Inukct carrier ;

almost without exception. Most HTKAWUEUUIKS.The. +. Dix & Wilkins, Baltimore : peas, 1.75 per lax; beans, slow, 1.25 to

States make large: appropriations for growers arc confronted with the April 13.-Florida oranges, 1.60 to 4.00. 1.50 l per 'box for green and wax ; egg
astonishing fact that Charleston this plant, slow, 2.00 to 2.50 per dozen; cukes,
scientific investigation into diseases year is about to take the Northern market I'IS E.\I'Jf.E TRICES.Xrw choice, 1.00 per dozen; l beets, 35 to OOc

and insects for cultural and varietytests away from them by thc middle of ._.. __ YORK._ _____. April _-Pinoannlos__ _n __ are_ per dozen. ,,
It stated( that a AlicGl o
April. i is 1,000 crates were i>o.
and for other purposes, to in larger receipt, hut go easily at 8.0Xi o
pro- BhipiHMl from that city on Saturday. -- -.........--
22.00. April 14, K.: L. Goodsell sold at
mote their industries; and Florida April; 15.n'l1: North Carolina berriesare auction :3783: Havana pines from 5U to The Paine Fertilizer Co's office at

cannot make a better beginning in already in the, lUark t8. The growersin lie I IK.T pine. In Chicago they are saleable Jacksonville, at the suggestion of their
the Carolina are pushing. their Flor at 3.00 to 3.50:' jw dozen for fancy ; New York oHlco and their New York
this direction than by appropriating a itla competitors every year further I tack; I good to poor, 1.00 to 2.00 per dozen. St. agents, will inaugurate system of cut
few hundred dollars for the publication it used to' l ho> that the latter were not Louis, fair offerings and demand at 2.00 rates on all agricultural chemicals after
much disturlx:'d 1 in their possession! of December 15th.: This will be )
to 2.25 for choice ; 2.75 to :3.00 for fancy. purely an
of the proceedings of the State the markets l before April 5Hth.: The
I You had better take advantage
Louisville :3.00 to 3.50 per'dozen. exHriment.| -
Horticultural Society. I Can lins are cultivating early kinds and of it while it lasts. See ail. on .

S4 they cover their plants with pine straw I NEW: YORK, April 18.-Oranges, page 280. .
the frosts.
to protect them against I () 4.50 Florida -
River fancy, :3.5i to : hrights,
The people of Pensacola fully main FLOHIDA AT TUB WORI.I>*r; FAIR. fancy, :1.00: to:I.ro; straight lines, Florida, ForMalaria, Liver Trou-
tained their convivial reputation by aries Monday,\J1ri117th. (Ift(>en cars loaded 2.25) to 2.75; russet*, ).ro to 1.75; grapefruit [
with a part of Florida's exhibit to theIVnrlil 2.50 to 3.50); strawberries, Florida ble, or Indigestion,use
-of entertainments so spontaneous I ** fair left for Chicago over the F. 18 tn 2()c: poor. A to' 12c- _': Charleston..'. ____9' ,.
and exuberant that they were C. & P. and the, L. & N. ]Kallroads. fancv, 'ic; fair, 15 to 20c; North Cam-> I DKUffN'OCD
Among these articles were corn, rice, Iina"I 15:>> to 20c() ; asparagus, Charleston,
sometimes embarassing to the simple rye, oats, millet, in sheaf. and! in bulk, colossal, 5.00 to 7.00 dozen; prime, 4,00
I substantial evidences 4.50 North Carolina, 3.50) to 4.50 II IT
Horticulturists of the wild southern l>esides other very : to ; ;
of Florida's, solid productions; cotton Norfolk, prime, 4.00 to 5.00; beets. F1orI I IE U I 1 THC ZIMMERMAN,
rather i
ntmmocks. There was more woods ida 1.00 to 1.25 cabbage Savannah 1.00 TIt.Standard "arbl_
sugar, tobacco, phogplwte, tur- ; ,
I I I Otdereattr. anti Brie** lltttr* ctUr&4 rt'.
fait juice than there was fruit. j>entine, etc. to 2.00"Iorida; 1.00 to 2.50; Charleston, TH2 BLVMICU IRO.1"OIK..l"U..l1ad..U.U.THE .
r, .



r -

{Continue from page 2.J] diseases but I i''
or preventing or curing i'GUARANTEED BENTON & UPSONtJAC
more eminently practical in enablingthe CUREOR
man diseases is one of the oldest
grower to decide what fertilizers !
sciences, there are yet many maladies NO PAY. (SONVlhhE F4A.
are needed for his trees. The great ,
that after 2000 years of study are still expense connected with such investigations Nothing Fairer Than This.

not thoroughly under tood. But do When we say, cure we do not mean simply to .
. think in of entirely preclude our taking atop U for the time beIng, but a IRRIGATING
ceasing to
we consequence
them up now, but we ask the societyto PERMANENT AND POSITIVE CURE
when sick
engage, a physician we are ?
aid collectively and individually in For Rheumatism, neural.. ,
So in the of disease the .a Dyspepsia
study plant
additional Headache, Cfm ttpaltoiit. lliltoiuiirftrr
obtaining an appropriationto
grower must not be too impatient for volume, l Slre'ilrnMtra; .*, ...a,..,... HliMwI. MACHINERY
enable us to take up such studies at mil all disease. urulnir from u disorderedLiver.
speedy results. In most cases satis once. At least $10,000 would be Write for TIYHUMJ,Testimonial*,and ,
remedies for maladiesare Free Bample llottle of
factory plant I3OTI
needed in addition to the amount
only found after of trial and ,
years now received. This is really only a and NEURALGIA CURE to
study. Fortunately the investigationwe Steam and Horse Power.
small amount when considered in relation CULLEN & NEWMAN,

propose to conduct on the physiology to the value of the orange in- 175 GAY ST., Knoxville, Tenn
and of diseased and
anatomy dustry in the State. Often the loss ina

healthy trees, as well as studies now single in a single from Pipe Pipe Fitting Brass
under on the relative merits and grove year Many Persons!' are broken ,
improper fertilizing, or from diseases down from overwork or household cares.
susceptibility to disease of various varieties possibly caused thereby reaches a llrowii's Iron Bitters KcbuiMthosystem ] Valve, Hose, Etc.

and ot various stocks are like aids digestion- Demotes exec a of llle, '
ly to prove of interest and of valuein tenth or even a third of this amount.As and cures malnria f.,.'.-* the genuine. WRITE FOR ESTIMATES.

we are at present situated we
themselves. The field
experimentsnow shall do the very l best we can for th. -
in bear almost entirelyon aas - - -
progress fell and in the
Saturday Sunday
horticultural industries oi the State on -----
the orange blight which is doubt- Indian\ river section and in Orange and I It
and we ask, on the of the
part growers I
less the most destructive of any dis- Hernando counties and doubtless the
their hearty co operation in .order to i iyM
of tho district had
the indus greater part more or
attacking i iI
ease now orange
nake the funds available go as! far as I less rain. The drought conditions men -

try. Experiments were begun in the possible in the investigation. I In con, tioned by those who mailed their reports
summer of 1891 to determine whether longer exist. The
elusion we extend our hearty invitation early probably no :
the blight was contagious by budding.A temperature for the week was slightly
to each and member of this
number of small sour oranges were every above normal and much sunshine was
society to call on us at the laboratoryand
budded Mr. given. Orange groves are reported to
on Cunningham's
grove see what is being done. l he looking well. The red 1 spider has
Eldorado and also Mr. Miller'sgrove
at on [For discussion following this paper made its appearance in some groves.

at Leesburg Fla. I In the sum. and resultant action of the society see Highest temperature, 92! ; lowest 50. I

mer of 1892 these experiments were Southern District.-Mail reports| state
elsewhere in this issue. "OUR
much extended through the genera ... | that rain is needed for crops and to re- I
-- -- ------- plenish the supply) of water in cisterns he In constant operation at' the World's
sity of Mr. John Fabyan of Lees-
Columbian Exposition HIP.. mitt IlrDt'U"ulmachine
which is getting low, but this need was
feel weak .
you ever offered the oultry fraterulty.Send4cKtamm
burg, who gave permission to bud 12 doubtless met over a considerable area ) for descriptivecatnlngue.i IT

large sweet orange trees in full bear and all worn out take of the district Sunday. Jupiter reportsby 1'tl.l,1't Y %Ot'. '40- YnnUof high Class

ing. Naturally this was a better test BROWN'S IRON BITTERSJVtiscellaiieous wire that 2.20 inches of rain fell Poultry. "40" Illustrated mull! catalogue

as to the contagiousness of the disease there during Sunday and Sunday night. Address: Heliable Incubator & Brooder Co.;

-- Temperature and sunshine averaged QUINCY.: ILl.INOIS.:
than small stocks
budding into
sour ,
about normal for the week. Shipments
since such small sour trees never show ]\' of vegetables are becoming heavier -- r

blight and large sour trees seldom. If and fair price are still l being realized.
-- -- -- ----
these experiments decide, as we ex- Highest temperature, 89; lowest t, :57>> ; average

pect, whether the blight is contagiousby WEATHER AND CROPS. ?.">; average rainfall, includingthe ROSESTheIr
heavy fall at Jupiter, 0.4 i of an
budding or not, a great advance For the Week ending April 17th. inch.
culture and core how the famous
will have been made in know
our E. R. DKMAIX.: Director.
Western trict.-Xo rain .
during tho I I) &C.Hoses arc grown on their
ledge of the malady and very likely first; part of the week ; local showers in Jacksonville; Fla.. Apnl. 18, $&3. own roots at rose headquarters and

extirpation of the diseased; trees as places quite )heavy, occurred over a portion Spraying---- Fruit--Trees. I I how any ono can grow rose and
of the district on the 14th and 15th: other flowers successfully. All this
they appear, which has proved so ; We said in our I host issue that sprav- and more i is told Inournew"(futile to
successful peach yellows in the greatest amount reported, 2..V) if would Kate Culture.'' A handsome book
against inches, fell at Milton, 8.n1.Uc Sn coun ing is! an alw oliite necessity one .
which Illustrates and prices all the
will be valuable for fruit.'e now give an illustration
Michigan equally good
ty, on the 14th. Temper.iture. decidedlyabove beat lowers. Wo n..anlt free together
orange blight. Through the kindnessof the normal until the 14th shire of this Comet Lawn Fon'oPump with n copy, of our grand"-lornI3IRItA-
which date it l been advertised in our columns for "SUCCESS with PIxnVKHS."
Mr. Moore, of Ft. Marion\ near has generally elo\v. Line
The sunshine if* reported as slightly in $3.00( by the German Drugstore in Jack Send us your add res*.
Eustis, an experiment was started in by most sonville. Albert Fries, the fancy poultry The DINGEE: ACONARD CO.
excess correspondents. Tho
the fall of 1892 on the effect of certain conditions were favorable: for crops generally breeder of St Nicholas. recommends! it .....s:=:...J "'ee' aroyl',It.

fertilizers and sprays in prevent except cotton) and oats. Cotton

of -- ------- -, --
Also lists been
ing blight. stumps blightedtrees planting delayed by the dry

will be budded and otherwise weather in some sections and more rain All 11*,.. W.f.r,ea..on.

treated to learn what is the most is needed to cause that already in tho WFII L IBMACH'Y .;.IIHl.Dltd/.,.,.,. ...
pro .
ground to germinate. Tho weather was HMtilHl hikrt A* WHI
fitable of treating them. JSdttttl&ittki,e1SOOEs /
way favorable for the cultivation of
corn ra.t.9a The,'meriwnWell Works,,Anrorail(.
In a tree that grows so slowlv and which looks well. Pears, plums and also Chicago: Ill; Dallas./ Tex Sydney N. S. W.

responds so tardily to changes in soilor {teaches are doing well and good crops --- -- *

fertilizers it will inevitably requirea are almost af'Sun't.Iore! :\ rain would also for spraying. poultry houses as well as Hatch Chickens by Steam.

advance crop interests throughout the the i KM 1 try >arils. By mixing a little car. IMPROVED EXCELSIOR INCUBATOR
term of several years before these but frolic acid with the water annihilates jig.
district far
so nothing appears} to WUldalt Thousand*IDtQec..halopw
experiments can yield any conclusion have been materially injured by ger fleas,sol ructive to young chicks in ., lt1Dt1. LMtewt-priC"Ml Anat-cia.e hatcher made
whatever. The foregoing sketch will drought. Highest temperature| 00; lowest the summer. Time pump will throw OnaranUwillo hatch. a tarter p.re oiat.
continuous stream :50 feet. It is made nf tent Ue egos al.teas colt haQ an,other.
serve to indicate the lines of researchnow 58; mean, 73: ; average rain, 0.44. !1.U...kx lfu4 Wt.lus "MJ.U..r1U..,"",,tu.
entirely of brass and has no wood parts .._
Northern District.-Light local showers -
under way at the Sub tropical occurred in this district on the 15th, tho to swell up and get out of order. A ,' --' .. aUIRtas, n...w ,.... .
F>* T Jet.lb.4M4I..U4CklM.
laboratory. A word as to our needs child work it. lR> 1 > .., ..
first since March :550th. The temperature( can Y., "JSJSLJ T"0* Ow y 5.4n&1aa
t au" t bkw4ft.
for the future may not be amiss. It was above the normal during the first {0} IF YOUR HACK Af71t,:S rue, & ,W. H..u.c t

is of the greatest importance that care days. of the week, the daily excess averaging Or you are all worn out, really goo*! fur noth U. MITU. CnSPRAY...an.i.,111....".:.....:,... Cw c ......
ful and exhaustive tests be under about 7 degrees On tho last day IDiot it (ii general. debility. 1'fTn"lr..V' .
IItO.V 1r1TTS1t.c.It
of the week it was" 0 degrees above tho
taken at once to determine the kind will cure you,cleanse your liver, and alTo
normal at Jacksonville. There
a good; appetite
and quality of fertilizers needed on about an average amount of sunshine. --e-- y .

various soils for orange growing. Crops on high lands need more rain ; The duller the borer the worse he z

These experiments should continueover tlinse on low lands are just getting in bores. PUMPSMADIIY

a period of at least {five or six good condition for cultivation. Highest ,
-- SALEM 0.
89 lowest 55 average 74 THE DEHINBCO,
temperature| : ; ; ,
years: on groves in different parts of the average rainfall, 0.04. H.C. Palmer. L II. Rlvetiburg. A. V\'. Frost.Established HCNION&HUBBCLL.

State and be carried the best 1869. ."., CHICAGO.ILL.
on by Central Diotrict.-Th western and Wettcrm '&1'
talent that can be obtained. The central portions of this district had but Palmer, Rivenburg & Company, "Write for Catalogue and TJU.UIQutISI"A-'IUle.: : .

bearings of such an investigation little rain up to the time tho majority of Successors to C. S. Palmer. BETEL CLASSICAL uj d MUJTWT f.

would be of the our correspondents{ mailed their reports I Wholesale Fruit and Produce Commission
greatest Impor. and crops generally were stated to be .OA.DE1fY.Ftep&J'e' : : .
tance not only in determining the sutTering from drought. Later Merchants.f torllaslaceaCalvenltia.od.
reportshowever We.t I"oID'CauJop..w,....&J.a.
effect of various fertilizers in causing show that considerable rain ;(; JN.I e l.trfft, ,V ir York, .A.IlclTrai,1leth.l Aea4B7 Va27G






Please note that on Wednesday, May 3d, at 10 A. M., in Metropolitan Hall, No. 17 East Hay Street, Jacksonville, thero will bo

hold a most important meeting to thoso engaged in orange growing in Florida. Prominent growers have been invited to address tho

mooting. The principal questions that will be discussed and action taken upon arc given below and arc of vital importance to Florida's

interests. *


First. Whether organization on business principles will not tend to better tho present state of affairs and realize more money

for each year's crop.

.' Socond. The exporting of oranges to England, and whether the project is to be furthered and supported. In tho event it is

tho voice of the majority present favoring this, I propose to go to England at once, in order to more satisfactorily arrange details for tho

steamers, shipping and marketing the oranges next fall.

Third. Tho present freight charges, and tho best course to persue to obtain lower rates.

Fourth. Tho building of Packing Houses in localities where they arc needed, if sufficient support is promised. ',,_

Fifth. Trade Marks or Brands and their importance ; the necessity of every grower adopting one, and. a full explanation as tot

thoir value.

Sixth. }Distribution of the cOining crop, and( .how it can be dono to better results for shippers. .

All railroads and transportation lines have agreed to make a special low rate for tho round-trip tickets ; and tickets will be

for sale to all growers and shippers only at the different U. U. Ticket Offices on and after May r 2d, and good to return until May' 5th. A

collation will bo served to all attending the meeting at noon. In order that wo may know how many to provide for, pleaso send word by

mail as to the intention to attend this meeting, and( also if there will be a desire to say a few words on tho questions under discussion.


There will be on display at tho meeting boxes of Sicily oranges and lemons to show tho State of perfection reached in grading

and( packing in Europe, and copies of lithographs used to ornament boxes.

For any further information regarding tho meeting pleaso address

E. L. <3OODSE1LI, '

94 West Bay Street, Jacksonville, Fla.


Plowhandlo Ploddfngs. "CENT-A-WORD" COLUMN. COCHINS, Pennsylvania Prize
tiLo f\UA.\I DISPATCH Stock, best!layers Kggs for hatching, f i for
A war horse is not to be comparedto 'fC'ROW'A 13 W S.. FUNK, Lawtey, Fla.TRKKSHandsoraest. J.25-6t
UI To insure insertion in this column, advertise -
a peace donkey.A RER.tf;:; rARtiRSAIU.. ( NLI I ments must be accompanied by the money. ) Ornamental
fJ1 I 1* i.NNM&S./ Advertisements mutt not exceed fifty words. v Shade Trees out A. J. BKACII & MOM: Pa-
sluggard is a fellow who takes the eowuoaTEauvwssolwS. latka, Fla. .
.-- -- I Postage Stamps received in payment. 3.JSt.
hardest to have time. ----- ------- -- --- -- -
an Count word,including and address
way easy every name
_,... ... ..
POWERS, Publisher. -* we.-" --- ---w AI1DAKA and RIPLKV QUKRN pineapple
Some people impart informationvery .. FINK Write
u nj aj j -J JT---T JJITLjMiiur M--i--r---J-- xxi-n-j----riir-- -i"1 rTHKMS plants. to II. L BKBMAN, Orlando
much as a hedgehog sheds his 01' SlWSCUirTIOX The Kansas City Veterinary) College Fla. 3- 5-5t

quills. For One Year. .. .:........ .... ...... ........2.00'Par Incorporated by the State.For A NHW CASH RKGISTKR for 825; also Force
One of the devil's best means of Six Months...... .... .... .......... .... i.oo Catalogue address J. i1. WATTLES, D. V. Pump for spra Jacksonville trees Jj GERMAN .

keeping a woman from earnest livingis In Foreign Countries.... ...... ...... ...... 3CirSubseriptjons -< S.,310 K. Twelfth_ street.UJANT1Dsooo __ DRCO STORK, : Fla. 4-d-jt

tittle.tattle. i in all cases cash in F Villa Franca Lemon Duds on FLORIDA'S advantages for small Investments,
A boomer is a man who has lots advance. No discount allowed 1 on one's Lock Hox 353,Crescent Estate Journal." Arcadia FU.
$t.oo per year: sample, with state map. 10 cents
more enthusiasm than he has anythingto own subscription(except) in a club), but to City, Fla. .... 453t- 4.23.1211
all agents a liberal cash commission will
keep it on. -To exchange trees cuttings of
fro allowed on all Inscriptions obtained \ITANTIJD cr PIG I.F.ONS-Bought and exchanged.
from FANCY
genuine Smyrna figs (brought Smyr
The water that makes the foam under by. them. Write for terms.icopiesandonecopyfree na),also other firs and grapes for seed of Cattiey for what you want. Stamp for reply
the milldam is not the water that guavas, Japan plums and any other sort of Lady Lake, yt'i 3zlN
(1m(J 's) 7.50) -
( tropic or semi tropic fruit that I havn't Rot. I
turns the wheel of the mill. 11 t. . . . . . . 12.50 have nothing to sell and only a limited amount: to URSPRY STOCK. All leading varieties sweet
10" in.oo exchange. Write first. )I. BKRISON, Sparta, oranges on sour stocks fine,healthy,cheap.
The mosquito might; have been Randolph Co., Illinois. it Ihulur IJoYNTOf. : Archer Fla. 3.11.141HAi.L'S
These IKJ either old, and -- -------
highly prized as a singing bird if it may new or
collected number of cents for one of beautiful Litho.graph RODS
may IK from any my AND COMPASSF.3 are the
hid only stuck to that business alone. if the remittance in pictures. It l I. 16x33. fine enough for instruments made for prospectors,miners .
ixwtofllces, H a lump
A mouse has a right to judge the J any parlor ta hidden name cards only 15 cents, and treasure seekers, Address P. & M.
Bum very pretty. Address. C. STILES, Sumter, S. C. AGENCY, Box 13 Dackraanville, Pa. 2-:5-yt
cat, but the minute it opens its mouthit To every new (subscriber or clul>-raber .... ----- -- -
invites the cat's judgment on it. we will send jxtstpaid, a copy of Whit- witl- ; have 5.000 Hart's--- ---Tardiffand- --- Mediterranean ---- KNOWING our Soil Phosphate to be a valuable

A brass band can put more life intoan ner's "Gardening m Florida or Moore's'Orange ( Sweet bnds, 5 to 8 feet high well. and for the purpose of giving
Culture." branched, sweet stock, at 30 cents. Other varieties farmers and fruit growers a chance to test it at
old nag in a minute than a ten acre Hates of cheap. Write far price list. small cost we will deliver It f. o. b. cars in aoo-
advertising on application. LARK REGION NURSERY Co.. pound sacks at 60 cents per sack. COWLKS&JORDAN
field in week of
oat a Sundays. Remittances Khould bomaue<< by check 4-8-61 Auburndale, FlaTILGHMAN'S FERTILIZER Co., Barlow, Fla. 3-35141
note order or registered '.. --- -- -
There isn't anything that sweetens letter money
to order of1'.1Iiiiit.tvi CONDITION POWDKRS will FOR SALK for cash,time or trade,orange groves,
sleep like waking up and seeing the ) FKUtT (lltOlfKK.Jacksonville" make any animal eat and grow(at..They have : and timber lands. }{, ROM LEY, Keuka
hands of the clock within ten minutesof no equal for chickens, and are a sure cure for : Fla. 3-IM61
Fla.QERicANwATcc salt sick: cattle. For sale everywhere in Florida.
-- -- -----
the getting up time. !Sample packages sent by mafljfor 35 cents. W..
--- -- --- ----- 'rim UNKNOWN PKA.-The best Cow Pea
G. TiLOHMAK. Palatka, Fla. toS-iit
You needn't take a man's word for ----- "- grown. Have grown them for several years.
it that he has dropped from the clouds WANTKD TO TRADH.-Good Strawberry $..,50 per bushel. W. II. MANN,
for a good Horse and Wagon. Aa- 44-tf Mannville, Putnam Co., Fta.
because there is dust on his shoes. ,, dress Box 26, Lawtey, Fla. 4--4t
I .. ...... ., -- --' -- -- -- -- -- RANCH POMELO and LEMON
May be his wife blacked them beforehe (I n 10 9tD. tw,s .uat1- 0 DUD WOOD" ,
CAN ATCII!1.fMHOOLO PLATED also a full line of Citrus Fruit Trees for sale
I ., WILL send my book telling how to have stock
was up in the morning.American .D...$to P'*>*.c'.( ..**J..1..r..4
Agriculturist. .. ....... Gl'AUnU... (h1.ttl.n.t .. for one dollar and {guarantee it a __ _ .-_-... -_ .
-- ---- -
u rw.ut w1 r. a. ww is not satisfied with the information i
II /j ...... purchaser
w......)..titwAMELICANpe..... M4 lUfmteMir. LMUT MQ1IMUST rutaa.ftMt will return the money and they may keep the. CHICKEN-HATCHiNQ BY STEAM
o lilt! 'w 1.Zassaa.. s.M ICe..1 ?1j4 a .... aa4 book. W. G TILOIIMAX, Palatka, Fla. 4151
.p.......__1.....,'11...... M It M>a ......--
-- ---- -
!; Yes 1tw14..'.us.00.,1Zi1lSi......."....._. r.*i k..*CHAINCiWoNeridlOY.Yai :Mt ft EGYPTIAN QUKKN SUCKIUtSFlrltdauin t
Indigestion CBU."AGUTI.,...kcmni....11fr1aY1.vj *" evenr patticular; fifteen thousand for tale '
Dyspepsia .......... ..
'ft1L on dock at Eden; July delivery; prices, reasonable .lauq'tslmp ,rltbit wPo10p tall,.tauaasNe.re.w
& Debil!ty. ROBERT 1L ISGEK&OU. A BKO. on application. ST. GEORGE RATH BORNE, I ,"D4 40.for liltts.m Cata10P" th4.
ft COBIU5DT IT.,>nff IOU CITT. Beulah Place, Eden, on Indian River Fla. 4.i-ji & A Ce.Mlra,Qtuao7,W.V.4. .




-- --
THE: -
Nerve l Blood

S. B. HUBBARD COMPANY Tonic 6 Builder




H.r'-"V IILL, Ul.1.'LlJ::eWe p&mpbltur.

are State ., We Have I S. .wiuns''

Shortest Quickest Agontd One and for TwoHorse the HOUSE HAY RAKES flOe. l'tEnttmB' co.,
g per lIos. Sthenectad1,N.Y.

;; b In stock. 0 for. .3O. aDd Bro TWe,.

BUCKEYEMOWERS '''i .'1 and a /ret trend.r --
Most Attractive t n FAIR
The 6 foot I Is suitable AND SQUARE

; K for use In PRINTKD
ROUTE .1 eotnjttete uttH-te of$ ORANGE GROVES.
J/oirrr andItriKitr
on hand at
Write for Prices.
BETWEEN r'aetorti I'rtrr.
Florida Points and the North. WE CARRY A COMPLETE STOCK OF TilE FAMOUS l'tIt upln packages of i ooo; every sheet numbered

"TE ZA SS RAJZVGIS 1? TV O W S," contecutively i to Iooo.Low .

TilEFlorida A Full Line of JtejMtlror Sam.. Price Good Work. Full Count.

Central! and Acme Orange Grove and Two-Horse Pulverizing Harrows the Boy THE JERSEY CITY PRINTING CO.

Dixie Cast Plows and a full lino of Farm and Agricultural Implementof ,
37 Montgomery St.,Jersey City N. .
all descriptions. Agents for the Planet Jr. Horse and Hand Tools sold -, -- -J.-

Peninsular at factory prices. Send for catalogues.

VI.t (HibfocusSabdaruTa)

-- Produces __ ,
The Finest Jelly and SauceR
ATIiHNTM -- mbUlJg that of Cranberries.Is .
TO .1 excedingly productive and a dozen will suffice
for a family.
Nashville St. Louis and Chicago Plant about 8x10 feet apart,and from next October -

With but one change of sleepers. connects \ to January reap your reward.
also at Atlanta for NEW: YORK and KANSAS ; : One dozen; securely packed: and sent,postpaid
CITY. Tho Florida Central and Peninsularhas for soc;one hundred securely packed and sent
nearly 7U)miles of track running throughthe postpaid,for 93.t .
Tobareo Jleatont' ,
JStofk' Fanning and Dairy, Stfilon, .. easoner Bros.
Peach and StrawberryOranae Lands. W .
Jlanana Itelt.and M'lneapjtle Country tI'hofjthate -".. "'" 4 ._ ,. ONKCO;, FI.A.Xlo.v .
-- - -- ---
Jinn the fillrer Spring and -
Other Fin ticenery.The -,.'-a"-- ..-.......- to: Gvo''V'"
fJreat Hunting Country.Jlnirhe
the. \01,.*! Flfhlng( Grounds. ..J 1j1tJn-:....... i .. -. -
-Is*, "-
Has the best lands for tillage R'rcatelt1rl -=-
.t,of soils in the State and above all
Runs over the Central Rldgeland
Where It Is High and Healthy. -
Prosperous towns fill Us route and it offers
the best freight facilities for any produce to IRRIGATING MACHINERY .
the Northern markets. Send for the fiopular PincappUrn U one of the mot profitbe *

song"MV FLORIDA HOME" BOTH STEAM HORSE AND HAND POWER. industries In the country. Send 10 cents In

with_..._ its ._"U atilrltml____ Words and h___ImntiHfltl mnaln tamps for pamphlet caring full particular of
stock of Steam Boilers
descriptive of an actual Florida Home, and Carry a Pumps
which is gotten up in elegant style-Six pages method of culture and profit
and Galvanized Valves.
of full sized bost music paper,containing. alsoa Wrought Pipe,
picture of a homo in Florida and a hunting. furnished
seene. It Is mailed on receipt' of 10 cents(In r Fittings,Hose Etc. Estimates JOHN ASi'INWnLL,
stamps to pay expense of distribution.))
Send also for the best map of Florida(sent N4 F for Plants put in complete and guaranteed I'UIJMSIIKU
free)and note the towns on its route. ,
A.O. MACDONKLL.G P A.. satisfactory. Spraying
Jacksonville Fla. FIu\
Pumps of every description. Send for -- .. .
: ---
The Florida Central & ;; Catalogue of How and When to Spray.

Nozzles, Pipe etc., made to order in our FRUIT TREES

Peninsular R. R. Co. machine shop. POft

Offers to ShippersThe SOUTHERN ORCHARDS.Write .
Shortest and Quickest Route : s for Catalogue and price list.
BETWEEN Tliiinntvllle Ua.
THE EAST AND WEST. Geo. S. Hacker & Son,
With Improved Ventilated Cars this (com
'any is better equipped than ever ever to MAKCPACTUKBRS Or
handle the orange and Vegetable Crops,and
insure close connections and prompt despatchto w OJI
all Basteru and Western Markets. :

Through cars to destination with- 09 0
out change or delay. t I roCO a

Perishable freight followed by who and I
shippers advised time passing various junction I
points and arrival at destination. ] ,.
All claims for overcharges' and loss prompt Vtl
" adjusted.. -- ,

See that your goods are marked Oa
via F. C. & P. R. R. AGENTS FOR ..
dcrsifncd For information: call on or address the un- IiNoVIS' S'D'I ..J.'I 1'IJ!\II'S. o ._ t n. .. (i0::J

U. E. TA YIA1It.Trar.A't,Ocala, Fla.V. All Letters Answered the Day they are Iterelvrd.. O .a 01v
\ !II. TUCK Kit den.AVt. ,Orlando. "' &.
O. )f. IIOLDKN: Trav. A t. Leesburg. Fla.
- W. It. FULLKIt Trav.'Il t,Tampa Fla. THE S. B. HUBBARD COMPANY And Building Material.CHARLESTON .
Or N.S. PENNINOTOX Traffic ) anager. ,

W.U. FLKASANTS.CsntnU Jacksonville Freight! ifft Fla. JACKSONVILLE. FLA. 8. O.







"LINE. Clyde_Steamship Co.

Time 53 to 55 hours between Savannah, New York and Philadelphia, and NEW YORK OHR5MSTGH INN FLQRIDM UNEI.
between Boston and Savannah, 65 to 70 hours.


J.Jlln..n u I L.teN I

Between Jacksonville and New York: First-clam, $15.60 ; Intermediate $19.00; Excursion, t4j-5o; 4
Steerage, $12.SO. ... .tf ni. !..a .

Jacksonville: and Boston : Cabin, $'7.00i Intermediate $n.oo : Excursion, $,7.o; Steerage, 14.75 ._, _
The magnificent Steamships this Company are appointed to sail as follows: -
The magnificent Steamships of this Line are ap-

FROM SAVANNAH TO NEW YORK. pointed to sail as follows, calling at Charleston, S. C.,
[Central or 90Meridian Time.] both ways :

Kansas City..... .................. .. .... ...................... ...0..Tuesday, May 3d. 7.000.10 (STANDARD TIME.)
Nnroorhre. ........ ................................ .... .......... ....Friday, ?May: 5th 8.00 a.m From New York. From Jacksonville,
City" of AucimtH...... ................. .. ..... .................. ... Sunday May ?th, 7.JO..ln (Pier 29. E. R.) STEAMER Florida.
City" of lUrmlnehtttn........... ...... .............. ..... ......... Tuesday, May 9th, 12.00 n'n Monday Mar. 27th, at 3 pm........ "CHEROKEE" .... ... Sunday Apr. ad. at 5warn:
Iansas City... ......................... ........... ........... ....... Friday, May irth, J.oop.m Wednesday, Mar. 29th,at 3 pm.'R I SSnR." .... ...Tuesday, Apr. 4th, at 6Oam
Nncoorhre, .......... ......................u.......... ..... ...... ..... Sunday May r+th, 4.00 a.m Friday Mar. 31atat 3 pra........"ALGONQUIN."........ThursdayApr. hat Boo: a m
City of AIIRUMU.... ............................. .......,......... .. ..Tuesday, May 16th, 6.oop.m Monday. April Ad, at 3 pm........."SEM1NOLE.". .... .Sunday Apr. 9th.at 10.30a mpm
City of IllriiiltiKham... .............. .......... ......... .... .... .. ..Friday May lyth, B.ooa.m WedDridAyAprU jth at 3 .........."IROQUOIS" ........Tuesday, Apr. 11th. at 12:00: n'n
Kansas .......................... ............ ......... .. Sunday May si"t, io.ooa.rn April 7th. at 3 pro."CHEROKEE. ...... Thursday,Apr. 13th, at iaopmMonday
Naroorlire.. .. ............ ..... ............................... .... .... Tuesday! May 2jd 1230pm April loth, at 3 p m........."YJUfAS ItR. .... .. .Sunday, Apr. i6th. at ,4:00: a m
City Augusta. . ............ .._?............... .. ... . .Friday, May 26th, J.oop.m Wednesday\ ,April I2th. at 3 pm....... "ALGONQUIN," ... ....Tund y. Apr. i8th, at 3:30am
City of IllrmltiKliam.................................. ..............Sunday, May 28th, 4.ooa.nl Friday Aprill-4th. at 3 p m... ...... 'SEMINOLE.,..........Thund y. Apr. Mh, at 7:30am
{ansaa City........................?............... ..................Tuelday. Mayjoth, 530 p.m Tuesday, ,April 18th at 3 pm......... 'C"IIIREORQUUKOIItS3..Sunda Apr. 2Jd..tllooam:
Friday April autat 3 pm........: ,Apr. 27th, at 2:00: p'm
FROM SAVANNAH TO BOSTON. Tuesday, April 25th at 3 p m......... ""ALGONQUIN",.. .. Sunday Apr.3oth at 4:00am:

City of Navannah...................................................Thursday, May 4th, '7.30 p.m Friday April 76th, at J p m."IROQUOIS,"." .. .oo Thursday, May 4th, at 7300: a m
Gate city................... ........................... ............ .Thursday, May nth, 2.oop.m -
City" of savannah' .............. .......... ... .. .......... . .Thur1day.l\f.YISth.: 7.JO..m ST. JOHNS RIVER LINE.For
date City..... ... ...... .......... .... ... .. .. . .. .. . .Thursday, May 25th, a.oop.m .

FROM SAVANNAH TO PHILADELPHIA. Sanford, Enterprise and Intermediate Points on

(This Ship does NOT Carry Passengers.) the St. Johns River.

Ilessoug .. ......................... ........................ ........ .Saturday, May 7th, 0.30a.m .
Drssouc.. .......... .................................... .. ........... Wednesday, May 17th, 6.3Op.m The elegant Iron Side*Wheel Steamers
.Uraaoug..r................ .... .......-..... .. ... .. .. .. ........ Saturday May 27th. 3.30 p.m ** Cite of Jciolc onviU,"*
Capt. W. A. SHAW.

THESE PALACE STEAMERS, "ll'.I. ecl'lc Del3ary,"
Connecting with the Savannah, Florida and Western Railway (Waycross Short Line), offer to the Are appointed to sail from Jacksonville daily except Saturday at 3.30 p. m., and from Sanford
Public and Shippers equalled by no other line.
Traveling advantages daily except Sunday, at 9 a. m.
Through Ticket and Bills of Lading issued to principal points North East and Northwest via
Savannah. For information and rooms apply to General Passonger and Ticket Office, 88 West Bay St., Jacksonville
B. It. PRICE Soliciting Agent, W. II. LUCAS Fla. Pass. Agent, .IOIIN I.. IIOWAKI, Florida Freight Agent, foot Laura Street Jacksonville: Fla.
77 Went Bay Street Jacksonville. 77 West Day Street, Jacksonville F. 31. IKONMOM1KK Jr., Florida Passenger Agent, &8 West Bay St., Jacksonville Pta.MARSHALL .
R. L. WALKKR. Agent C. G.ANDERSON AgentNew II. CLYDK, Assistant Traffic Manager Bowling Green, New York.
Pier No.!S. North River New York. City Exchange Building Savannah, Ca W. F. on u tS FAY, Traveling Passenger Agent 5 Bowling Green, New York.
RICHARDSON & BARNARD. Agents Lewis' Wharf Boston. TII Eo. W. L. JAMES. Agent it R. Third Street, Philadelphia.J. A. LKSLIK, Superintendent, foot Laura Street Jacksonville, Pla.'W'M. .
I). HASUAGEN, Eastern Agent Sav., Fla. k Western Ry. Co., 261
A. $W. SAMPSON General Agent W. K. ARNOLD. Gen. Trav. Pass. Art., Jacksonville. Fla P. CLYDE & CO., Qen'l Agents,
306 Washington sU, BoMon. W. II. RHETT. General Agent,
For Tickets: apply to S. F. & W. Railway office. 317 Broadway. New York. 13 !south' 1)"'awareArenuw.Philadrlplila. 5 Howling been, New York.



To the Orange Grower and Market Gardeners of Florida :

"We produce the Leading Phosphate of the world. It is the cheapest. It is the best. It is a quick, vigorous fertilizer. It increases the crops.


Analysis by eminent chemists show that it contains over 50 I per cent of bone phosph'ate of lime that is available at once in soil water, the balance, 20 to 30 percent
becomes gradually available. Experts certify to its having: value as plant food green as it comes from the mine, of over $:!5 per ton as compared with commercial
acidulated fertilizer, and no danger in its use. The analysis of our Soft Phosphate) as given by Serge Maly van, of Ocala, is as follows :

Insoluble Silicate: and Sand.... ...... .. .....18.76 J Phosphoric: Add...... .......... .. .. .... 27 63 I Oxide of Iron .. . .... ...... ........ 74 I Magnesiaand Soda ......... ..... .... 6.59
Carbonate Lime .. .. .. .... ...... .... .... 4.561 p F.quiv.teDttoDoneI'bOlpbsteLlme..60.70 j I Aluminum ....................... 8.071 MO pure..... .... ......... ..............6."
He says your Soft Phosphate! referring to the Belleview Soft Phosphate, will be soluble by gradual steep, under influence of rain water, provided it is perfectly
burnt and pulverized I 1111 fine pow der.
Serge Maly van says that after analyzing samples of Soft Phosphate from different mines throughout the State that the only soluble Soft Phosphate is contained .
in an area of about six miles at and around Belleview.
The Belleview Soft Phosphate is especially good for peach, pear and orange trees grape vines and strawberries, and for cotton and corn it has no equal.
The analysis of our Soft Phosphate shows that every element it contains is absolutely essential as plant food, and every intelligent man will see the importanceof .
buying plant food at so little cost per ton.
. -- -- TEBTtMNtAL8 I !- ----- --- -
"'11"" -
cotton over the cotton seed,while it gave four from the sixteen rows that had soft phosphate on my experiment, and your phosphate has advanced .
More About !Soft Phosphate. times the yield over the same land without any it as I did from the next thirty rows. The corn In their estimation.
to soft phosphate is fertilizer. Rev. T. W Moore Leesburg looked did not dry up any for want of rain, as the rest of Very truly yours,
The following In regard at this crop while in full fruitage and he said that the crop did. lam well pleased and will use it RBV. F. R. Ilor.usTiLLNAN
taken from the Gainesville Sun: at that time that the cotton fertilized by this soft this year on all my crops. -
That soft phosphate I is rapidly gaining favor phosphate had three times more fruit on it than
with the fruit and vegetable growers there is no that fertilized with cotton seed. Thinking this BRKVARD Ca, FLA., Oct. 7, 1891.
sort of doubt. Those who have given it a test un.. estimate may have been a little high I put it as CEDAR KEYS FLA., Dec. ai, 1891. Co B. SMITH. President Belleview Phosphate Co.,
hesitatingly, speak of It in the most compliment.ary above but I am free to admit that be is a better Jacksonville Florida:
tt'fUll. Mr. George Saxon writing from Judge of such matters than I am." C. B. Smith President B U"iewUalnr Com. OBAR SIR self and ne ghbors think thereis
Tiilahassee.says; J.T. Smith writing from Levy county,says: "I pany: nothing made that will compare with the
The son phosphate referred to in the granulated put soft phosphate on sixteen rows of corn last I DEAR SIR-Yours of 17th received. It gives Belleview Soft Phosphate fur young or old orange
article containing the elements of ground bone spring about four acre field of cornon about an me pleasure to state that I have used nothing but trees. Combined with potash it i*also good for
and cent phosphate of lime(bone phosphate average quality of the land. I broadcasted the the Belleview Soft Phosphate on my grove the vegetables as a base. I raised the finest teg-
so crude per as it comes from the mine. This soft phosphate over the land after breaking it up I past year and I have been more than satisfied plants ever saw, using Soft Phosphate freely.
sort phosphate) was put upon cotton last yearateaSleof well at about two tons per acre. Then I harrowed |it with the rest'lts. The tree are looking as well It will make orange trees fruit heavily and hold
colton seed as fertilizer,and the re- this in. I did not measure the yield only t as they have ever looked-even when I used era the fruit. Respectful'y' ,
auk was fully. or more than double in yield of in my cart as I gathered it. I got as much corn i pensive fertilizers. Many persons have heard of G. W. IDHBR.We'offer .
------ -
this Phosphate at prices so low that it is in reach of every orange grower and gardener. Prices, F. O. B. cars at Belleview, Florida :

por toil. U1'1c:1rJcd: lE1 I3ulllc, 84.00
1'J11or ton: r> rlocl, in. Oullc, < e c3.oo
r _r torn: UsjEirn.tf: Groct.ri.cl: c&r&d fi oolcod, m '8?.OO

Put up in 200-pound sacks. Orders for less than one ton, 50 cents per ton extra. Terms, cash with order. Send orders, and apply; for further particulars,

t testimonials freights, etc., to

I L B. SMITH. President and general Manager, [Jacksonville, {?Ha,









-- '- -

The Paine Fertilizer Company, in order to increase extensively their business! the State of Florida, have decided to make

enormous cuts on all FERTILIZERS AND FERTILIZER MATERIALS. They have a large quantity of all fertilizer materials in stock at Jacksonville,

having laid in a full supply of Sulphate of Potash, German Kainit, Nitrate of Soda, Animal Hone, Blood! and Hone, Acid Phosphate, Dissolved i Hone,

O. S. G. Lime, etc., of the very highest' grade, in the very best mechanical condition.

They commence their big cuts on fertilizer materials on December 15th, and these cuts will be of such a large nature that it will practically

place their goods beyond 1 competition as regards prices. The quality of their materials i is known too well to be of the very highest standing and

giving the very highe!* tests and valuations. Bringing their goods/ down in large quantities' via !M'hnoncr" and at reduced freight rates, and handling

them practically without any costs for drayage and their storage facilities being of such an txrillvtit: nature, having both water facilities!' :and a private

track connected with all the railroads they are prepared to name prices at which others could) not possibly do business at a profit, as they are branch.

ing out into Southern, Eastern and) Northern territory and increasing their business to a wonderful) ) extent, they intend giving Florida buyers all the

benefits of greatly reduced prices and low purchases, they having contracted for the hulk of their goods last spring when the market ranged: from

$1 to 2.50 per ton less than the present quotations.

Remember these cuts commence December 16th and may stop at any time,therefore parties wishing!\ to buy at cut rates should send In their Inquiries at once. They will never
again be able to buy Fertilizers at these exceedingly low prices unlea* this l-'OmptUl should again take a notion' to.cut the prices,a thing which Is seldom! done 'In fertilizer business It
being attempted for the tint time by this enterprising company as a trial and as an advertisement.
Address all communications

50 West Hay Street Jacksonville, F1&, or to Si II road way. New York City, or to Messrs. Walsh & Cruirin. :.Special Agents, 16 Franklin Street, New York City.
--- -

President. VicePresident.H. i _
Cashier. Assistant Cashier.
CAPITAL $100,000.



Respectfully solicits your Deposits, Collections and General I Orange Grower.

Bonking Business.CORRESPONDENCE. I
------- --- FIRM FRUIT that holds on until it is
'----- ; a strong, healthy, vigorous growth of
DII ):cToFiN both and fruit the results
tree are reported by large
John L. Marvin, A. B. Campbell, Chas. Marvin,
Jas. P. Taliaferro, T. W. Roby, Judge R. B. Archibald.W. and experienced planters in Florida who are using
W. B. Clarkson, C. B. Rogers M. Davidson,
this Fertilizer. It the the
Dr. H. Robinson. John E. Hartrldge. popular supplies to tree at
---- --- proper time in the proper form and in the proper

,, ? TO ALL BUYERS proportions,all the elements to bring perfect, healthymaturity. I

-- HACCO GROWER are also special complete Fertilizers, '

r ATTENTION>> carefully and scientifically compounded for the purposes
mentioned, and :are extensively used in Florida. Bow.Ri3It'S .
., ii KRKAFTKR an fowl eni t
11 from my yard, by express, SQUARE BRAND BONE AND POTASH Is a happy
will go at one-half the former '\ combination for those requiring these ingredients.
r rates-agreat saving to my customer
*. This In by special arrangement Chemicals at market rates.
and is confined to
fowl from my arils.f -
We are the farget breeder of Send for Illustrated Catalogue, Free. r
thoroughbred poultry in Florida.
.... Come and see our Hock or send j' 9
r for our (illustrated catalogue and BOWKER FERTILIZER l A. M. BOND CENT. ACENT,
.; price lit of 14 ra riftieaPoultry COMPANY. J SAVANNAH, GEORGIA.
.. supplier all kind
Incubators and Brooder. Shel''
JI and none Mill. Clover Cutter !
Wire Netting,Desiccated fish and
"" ...'\'J Boiled Blood and Bone to make
....... ;: hen lay.

s-:, .- E. W. AMSDEN Manufactured by the

.. -.- --- --- --. ---Ormond,. Fla L. B. Darling Fertilizer Co.


0. B. WEEKS, State Agent, Jacksonville, Fla.,
No. 8 Itoatwlck lllock. Corner nay and Main HtrretaSend
----DKALKRS IN----
for Pocket Meniontndit nook., .
-- "

: Coal, Hay, Grain, Wines, Liquors, Cigars, Tobacco, Etc.JACIINO't'ILZ.Ii BEACH & VALENTINE t

;, FLA.i'ItiCi tp

----- -

...................................91 75: ,J.I artln Itye.$3 00
Orange Valley. ........................... 55 OO Virginia Cllades .............. ......... 4 00
luring Valley..... ..................... j fto Ud 1 Itourlion ............ ................ 5 00 Pineapple Plants from the West indies
:North Carolina Corn................... :2 JVO( Kentucky Sour Marsh .... ............ ft" OO
Clifton Club ...... ............... Old linker ................... ......... A" OO
MontroMe Velvet. ............. .. J'I" 00
jugs Ktra : One gallon, 250.; two gallon.$oc.; three gallon,750. Remit !toy post office(money Correspondence solicited.
order.check or registered letter. We cannot ship C.O. D. to dry towns.A .
complete price fiat of Groceries,and Wine List, sent free on application. V


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