Florida farmer & fruit grower
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055765/00252
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: S. Powers
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: October 13, 1892
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note: Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038466
oclc - 01387403
notis - AKM6256
lccn - sn 95026761
System ID: UF00055765:00252
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen

Full Text
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: SEM I-TR 0 P f CA L MAGAZI N.E .. ,4.

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Proprietors. JACKSONVILLE, FLA., OCTOBER 13, 1892. Whole No. 1236 vol. IV, No. 41. -


J. ,

BLAKE &AGENTS RIPLEY, New Peaches Names Wanted Prizes OfferedBY Geo. S. Hacker & Son,



.c =
Price Catalogues of weekly sales furnished a.m
on application. of Nursery Stock of all kinds is larger than ever before, .

G.W.BARXETT. J. B.BARNETT' and includes all the Standard Sorts and many Valuable New Introduc-
ESTABLISHED 18&&. tions. Correspondence solicited from all who are in want of -g :

RJ 0
new illustrated catalogue for season of 1892-93 free on application. Address,' o -


Wholesale Commission, Fruits and Vegetables. ..
Prompt returns. Stencils on '.
application. dW
159 South water Gtr .et.Chicano. nEW CflTflllOGUE And Building Meterial.

PALMER, RIVENBURG & co., : .':
: Will be ready for distribution about August 15th. It contains ) ,{, :
JCC Reade Street New York. BENTON & UPSON' ; *
SOUTHERN PRODUCE A SPECIALTY. YaluaMe Instructions for the Gardeners of Florida and other parts of the South r.: ,,:

Oranges lemons, Pineapples, and all other tTllCISOj'tVII1I1E, Fl111., r3\i4.
Fruits and early truck, also dried fruits,nuts, ., It contains 40 pages and is well illustrated. It will be sent to each one of our

fun.All etc.consignments promptly remitted for. Stencils customers of past years, and,to anyone on application.SEND .
and market reports furnished free. IRRIGATING T Tw. /;<
References: Bradstreets,and established mer-. YOUR NAME FOR IT NOW. .
chants and banks of the South. I .




Steam and Horse Power.

218 King Street, Tenn. earliest desirable Orange known; very delicious, highly flavored,well shaped,thin skin,but ;
Chattanooga, Ititle pulp or rag, full of juice and almost seedless.
Consignments Solicited.

.. THE TREES AND BUDS -NONA/ ON SALE. Pipe, Pipe Fitting, Brass ..:

AMERICAN EXOTIC NURSERIES. I also have a fine assortment of other choice Budded Orange and Grapefruit Trees at LIVING Valve, Hose, Etc.

Jfetr, Hare and Elegant Plants of JSrery WRITE FOR ESTIMATES.
Description; .. A. BOOfiE, Agent, Orlando, Fla. .... ,

Palms, Orchids, Cacti and Bamboos. Y

Shade and ornamental trees and shrubs for Southern ORIGINAL FRUIT TREES .
lawns and gardens. Choice exotic plants qP, ; -. ;,
for the greenhouse or conservatory. FOR ,J '
For well old Tropical Fruit and Ornamental Plantsand Trees. <
rare as as
all the leading varieties, budded from bearing so Shrubbery, Vines, Palms,Ferns,Aquatics,Pineapples, Bamboos, etc., etc. SOUTHERN ORCHARDS. .: .;.. .4:.
trees on our own grounds and guaranteed S i Stock safely shipped everywhere. Write for Catalogue and price list. +.." '
true to name. Nurseries established 1883-
All the New and Desirable Tropical JENNINGS' NURSERY CO., ..
for and full which tells all about this
Send stamp new catalogue subject.
Fruits. Our 88 page Illustrated and Descriptive Thomagvllle, Ga.SPJJItfG.
Catalogue for 1892 tells all about these things,and :' t HE AS O Ell BROS., Oneco, Fla. :-.
is sent free to applicants. AddressR. .
D. HOYT Manager, SPIRAL .
Seven Oaks Fla. NURSERIES OF THEMilwaukee .

Flopida lIJ1 CD.
qge Allows cows and horses to graze and prevents:
browsing. Price $1.25 at factory, post paid$i.so-t.;
The S.B. Hubbard Company, Jacksonville, Fla.- ...
agent for the State. W <
:;& Selected strains of Choicest Varieties of Citrus Fruit Trees a Specialty. '
Budding-Wood for sale at all times. M. S. MOREfaEN, ;,
Our stock is large and complete. PROMPT ATTENTION TO CORRESPONDENCE.
Trade Mark. For Catalogue and Price-List address Switzerland --' .
Florida. '-
HOU.IS CANNED MEAT FOR POULTRY A. L. DUNCAN Dunedin Fla. 7-28-6mo f' -
Manager -
Will, Make Hens Lay I f "
Will Make Chickens Grow! .,," ,..
AND GOOD FOR MOUX.TIKO FOWLS. Six days earlier than I )
_1 variety tested at UieAcncnltl
4 any
This food is strictly fresh meat, carefully The Williams & fruit Machine G' Ex. Grounds .,Eat -,. -.f
cooked ground fine seasoned and hermetically WarlBr( Wrapping Geneva wblte,N.T C lor ,
greenish : palp J, .
sealed in 8-lb. cans.. Being ground fine,it can tender sweet and den '..
be readily mixed with soft food and fed so as togive The Onlj--E] BTr'Wrapplnff( Machine In'the Market I that llcloua.ranks The fret only both nape hi
each fowl an equal share... Price 30 cents 4 Each .. and qaalltf. _
per can; $3.00 per dozen. Address HOLLIS Now is the to put them in before beginning to ship the crop. our vine rrjrUtered scaled trademark witu

DRESSKD MEAT & WOOL CO., 2e North, For circulars and references,apply to .. H. WARNER, Palatka. I labeL Bead for '
tnvuian t.xwmgturtig Information. Agents wanted
Boston.Mass. jMentlon paper.] Agent for the "Acme" Kerosene linguae.t Vt U.i ST T144i. HOrTft, *O>3. New Canaan Cfc '

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To destroy the insects infesting the Orange Trees. It is


That can be made for the purpose. It will kill the insects without injuring the trees.

Spraying Outfits in great variety at Manufacturers' prices. Bangor, Pine and Gum Orange Box-sides.

;- Dry Pine Box-heads. Dressed and Square-cut Birch and Mixed Hoops.

.:.- ,_ Orange Wraps, Ladders, Clippers, Nails, Etc. ..

Y .,Send :for Circulars and: Price IL t. "
S< : E. BEAN, Jackson-rile, Fla. ::.a I



Is.the most effective compound yet discovered for destroying the insects infesting the orange tree, and is a sovereign

remedy for the various forms of fungi on trees and plants. Being free from all substances of a caustic, corrosive or pois-

onous natuie, it can be handled with perfect safety to the person, and applied to the trees at any stage of growth without

injury.This .
... insecticide_ has been used by some of the largest orange growers in the State during the past two years, and has

".given perfect satisfaction. References furnished on application.For .

Rust Mite use one quart to fifty gallons of water. When used at this strength the trees should be sprayed for

the Rust Mite twice a month through the season. Where labor constitutes the principal item of expense in spraying treesit

f is better and cheaper to use the Insecticide at full strength, viz.: One gallon of solution to 50 gallons of water, as .the
fumes: from the Insecticide will kill the Rust Mite even i if: the solution should not happen to touch them. In using the

Insecticide at this strength it will save three or four sprayings through the season, thereby reducing the cost from one-

third to one-half.: This is an Advantage Possessed by no Other Preparation of Sulphur. If used in this manner it

will also kill the other insects that may be moving on the trees. .

For Red Spider and Scale, use one gallon to fifty gallons of water. General directions for using sent on application.Price .

p 20c. Per Gallon, in barrels. If there is no agent in your vicinity, write for price delivered.

Spraying Apparatus furnished to our customers at

& MILLER, San Mateo and Citra, Fla.


..ANDJ. -

w $: J. THE .?. FLORIDA .;. DISPATCH 4. LINE($


The Great Fast Express Freight System of the South.

The attention of shippers is directed to the Plant S.S.Line between Havana, Key West and Tampa, and South Florida Railway between Tampa and Sanford;S.,F.&W.Ry.between Jacksonville
Gainesville, Bainbridge, River Junction and Savannah;Savannah and Charleston,and Ocean Steamship Line between Savannah,Philadelphia,Boston and New York, and Merchants and Miners
Transportation Company between Savannah and Baltimore. The best equipped,fastest and most prompt lines between all points in Florida and all points North and Northwest. ,
Receivers and Shippers Will Profit by the Following Unparalleled Connections:
Double. daily fast freight service for all points West via Albany Jesup, Bainbridge and Double daily fast freight service from all points North and West via Albany Bainbridge Jesup
Savannah and Savannah to all points in Florida; fast freight trains both via Gainesville Jacksonville,Callahan -
, Daily fast freight all rail connection via the Atlantic Coast Line to all Eastern, Interior and and Live Oak.
Coast points,including New York Boston,Philadelphia,Baltimore,Washington and Providence. Four ships a week by the fleet steamships of the Ocean Steamship Company, sailing from New
Four connections a week for New York via Ocean Steamship Company, leaving Savannah York(New Pier 35,North River,)direct for Savannah Monday Wednesday,Friday and Saturday.
Mondays,Wednesdays,Fridays and Saturdays. The Boston and Savannah Steamship Company's steamerswill leave Boston Oct.3,7 JO,J5. rg,..,
; Two connections a week for Baltimore,via Merchants' and Miners' Transportation Company 27 and 31 for Savannah direct making connection on the dock at Savannah with fast freight trains for
leaving' Savannah every Wednesday and Saturday. all points in Florida.
\ Connections for Boston via Boston and Savannah Steamship Company leaving Savannah Oct. From Philadelphia via Ocean Steamship Co.,leaving Philadelphia Oct.4,14,24 every ten days
1,4.9.13,16,21,25 and 28. from regular sailing day via New York to Savannah.Connections .
for Philadelphia every ten flays via Ocean Steamship Company leaving Savannah From Baltimore via: Merchants:: and Miners'Transportation Co., every Tuesday and Friday,
Oct.9, rp ana 39th. -gaVingxIose connection with S.,F.&W.Ry.,for all points in Florida.
Sailing days for Steamships are subject to change without notice. t .
-.he Florida Dispatch Line Is the quickest and best freight route from all points North, East an t to Florida. For full particulars rates,stencils!and shipping
receipts apply to any agents of the above lines or to 3VM. P. IIARDKE: : Gen'l Freight Agent Savannah, Ga.
CD., OWKXS,Traffic Manager, Savannah, Ga. F. B. PAPY,Asstt Traffic Manager, Savannah Ga. IV. MT"DAVIDSON' Gen'l PassengerAgt.,Jacksonville, Fla
l' J. P. JORDAN Tray. Agent. Qulncy. J. E. DRAYTOX, Tray. Agent Jacks invllle. '

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fruit in England, providing no advances = heavy expense for freight has been I in general, for last year, or any ,

)7arI l\et! Il g. are made by us, can ship on; incurred. In other words, the slaught- number of years? :'

the basis of 70 cents freight, primageand ering would be done at home, before Not for last year, which was disas- :
THE SAILING DATE. 4The' insurance. large freight bills were incurred be- trous, owing to frost. All other years ,

The oranges will be sold at auction tween Jacksonville and the markets of have been prosperous, prices general -1
First Orange Steamer for in London, Hull or Liverpool the the North. And what would be of ly ranging from $1.00 to $2.00netor ..

England November 15. market at the time of the steamer's more importance still, this would insure seedlings, $1.50 to $2.50 for medium V

Editor Farmer and Pruit-G rower: arrival indicates will pay the best re- the customer real Florida oranges., sweet class, and $2.00 to $3.25 for .1'
It is with pleasure that I announce sults. Every shipper will be furnished< I doubt if more than a very small per- Navels and Bloods in Riverside, other 1
that November has been decided
15 with a printed catalogue, showing the centage of the Florida growers are places in San Bernardino county ditto, ...;.]
as the date which the first steamer: ;
upon prices realized at public sale, which aware of the excellence the Jamaica and the coast counties generally, 50
to carry a.cargo of Florida oranges to will be conducted by the most repu- fruit It crowds our Floridas hard. cents to $1.00 per box less than above K
England will be dispatched. One
table and long established auction Heretofor *- it has come here packedin figures.
the fastest English steamers possible .
barrels and in coarse straw
in wrapped
houses Europe.
to obtain has been chartered, and as; More unsolicited testimonials were re-
the same has been engaged in the We request that the shippers who< paper. But now they are beginningto ceived commenting on the great 'savingof
trade and has help to make up this cargo will elect pack in the regulation Florida box. money from the use of Paine's Ground I
Spanish orange shipping : one of their number to accompanythis The fruit is as fine appearing as Indian Stock Food and its superiority over corn, '
been tried and proved to possess the oats, bran and cooked food. Every one J
Rivers and the flavor is
steamer, we to furnish free trans- next up to the
necessary qualities to 'land oranges in should get a trial lot and be convinced.See J
portation England and return ticketto run of the Florida orange, and there-
good condition, it.'is expected that the ad. on page 816.
list fore well calculated to deceive j
first will reach England in sound Florida. As soon as possible a espe-
cargo will be made up of shippers with the< cially when put on the market, as is
shaft in which event the most satis-
Croce and
Times-Union being done the Flor- Orchard,
factory prices will unquestionably be names printed in the now as genuine .
realized for shippers. The loading and FLORIDA DISPATCH, the one get- ida-grown article, deceiving alike the -
from the dealer and in instanceshis Foot Rot. :
ting the majority of votes < country most
point will be Fernandina, and by an
Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower:
selected.As customer.
shippers to be the one .
with the F. G. & P. R.
arrangement regards the financial responsi- Mr. Livingston's plan is the only Can you tell me any remedy forMal ,
R. all fruit on the line of that road
Fernandina bility of those engaged in the project,, feasible one to checkmate this formdi-- di goma or shin disease on the
will be hauled
to at Jacksonville -
Fruit other Messrs. B. and J. Shaw, of Hull, able competition, and if adopted orange tree? Mr. L. W. Lipsey, of _
rates. shipped by
England, refer you to the London and unanimonsly will accomplish that most Citra, referred me to you, and I should \
routes will a special low rate of
pay Yorkshire Bank, Hull; Messrs. Cam- desirable result. feel greatly obliged if you would giveme
4C per box from Jacksonville to Fer- pion, Goodsell & Co., 15 Philpot AN EX-COMMISSION MERCHANT.New a remedy. I have a grove at Biloxi,
nandina. I
York City. Miss., in bearing, and some of the
I Lane, London, England; to Lloyds .
HOW TO EXPORT. r trees have exuding at the
i Bank, 72 Lombard Street, London;; gum
Pack fruit carefully, sending the while I refer you to Messrs. Lazard Orange; Marketing in California. collar and just above. A few are

best possible quality. Consign the Freres, 10 Wall street, New York; the Some weeks ago we sent to Mr. J. : completely girdled. I have writtenthe

same. to me to Fernandina and ship Broadway National Bank; Southern E. Cutter, of Riverside, who is one of I department at Washington, D. C.,

not later than ,October 3oth. Ship National Bank of New York, and the the best informed orange growers of and am told there is no known ,

oranges not fully colored, if the fruit is Commercial Agencies. For further California, a few questions, which are remedy, but they are experimentingto
matured, as the same will'color up on particulars and pledges of shipments given below with his replies annexed : find the cause and a remedy. I

the voyage.: On receipt of shipmentsat address, I. Do your citrus fruit growers have been tolerably successful when

Fernandina, an advance of 75c a E. L. GOODSELL, generally have a system of central not too far gone by cutting away the 7
box will be made to all shippers requesting packing hO\lses-1 mean all over diseased back until I came to the per-
Park Place N. Y.
the same. As our steamer 103 Southern California ? fectly healthy back but that does seem t
will come direct from England to Fer- For comments see page. Yes; that is, in all districts producing too heroic. I then paint with metallic

nandina without cargo, a prompt dispatch sufficient fruit to call for such. paint or oxide of iron.
on November 15 can be looked AN ORANGE MART. 2. Abouf what percentage of the E. BELL. '

for. '- citrus fruits of Southern California is Box 40.New Orleans, La.
EXPENSES. Growing Competition of the Jamaica sold at home--(on the trees or f. o.b?) There is no ,infallible remedy for

The freight charge from shipping Fruit. Probably 80 per cent in ordinary foot rot. Your treatmentexcisionof

points in Florida to Fernandina will Bditor Farmer and Fruit Grower: seasons. the bark back to sound tissue and

be paid by me for growers' account.A I take the liberty to express to you 3. About what percentage is shipped painting of the wound-is very good
total charge of 95c a box will be my hearty approval of the plan for out on commission? :I but- it would he still better if you

made in addition to cover all the expenses marketing the Florida orange crop About 20 per cent. washed the surface with a strong solution -

of freight from Fernandina to suggested by Mr. B. F. Livingston,of 4. Are your central packing houses, : of potash and then painted with

England, and charges of very nature, St. Petersburg, in your issue of the so far as they exist, generally owned coal tar. Remove all the earth from

including insurance, commission, selling 29th ult. I hope it will reach the by growers or by companies of buyersand the tap root and laterals a foot deep

expenses, etc. If,,' therefore, a attention of every orange grower in packers ? and eighteen inches in radius all
shippers invoice sells for $3.00 per the; State. I feel as if my opinion in By companies. There are a few around, and wash all the roots with

box, there will be deducted freight this: matter is worth somethihg to my co-operative packing establishments. the potash water. Sometimes a simple

from, say Sanford to Fernandina> say brother orange growers, having been 5. Have you any general bureau of exposure: of the roots checks the dis-

loc a box, and all other charges 95c a engaged in the produce business in ; information, for the whole of Southern ease.: Do not allow the excavation to .

box, ,or $1.05 in all, and leaving 1.95 this city from 1856 until 1890 and in California, corresponding to our fill up with earth or to collect and

per box as net in the grove. AlL net no small way either.Jacksonville .I ?lorida.Fruit Exchange ? hold a quantity of water. Use nitrogenous :';
results of sales of shipments of any is the natural distrib t No. The Los Angeles Chamber of ; manures very sparingly and

one owner, of and exceeding 100 uting point for nearly all the oranges Commerce is probably possessed of none at all within three feet of the tree.

boxes, will be cabled to me, and in and vegetables grown in the State, the most information of any organiza- Dissolve seven pounds of bi-sulphate .
three weeks from date of steamer's and if the crop is concentrated there, tion. of soda in fifty gallons of boiling water, ;

- departure the moneys due will be in as Mr. Livingston states, it will cutoff 6. Can you give me anything liken and when it is cold spray the tree

the hands of the shipper. all middle or commission men, tend approximation of the net average thoroughly, throwing the liquid upward -

Those.desirous of having their own Jo mitigate gluts and slaughtering in i price per box, on the trees, receivedby on the inside of the tree, until

friendto, take charge of their own the great Northern markets after a > the growers of Southem California the leaves are wet and the trunk is





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dripping. Use this two or three times external surface of cellular structures, vinous, fermentation with two poundsof But the greater interest, perhaps,
during the summer as a fungicide and often become very much thickened with sugar to the gallon of juice. But centers about the ornamental and eco
preventive. Wash the roots with it, cellulose, and frequently covered with i if-left to itself it will make nothing; it nomical plants grown here. The sisal
' and pick offall the loose, scaly bark, a waxy, protective layer. Leaves and will digest and decompose.The hemp has received great attention
so that the wash may penetrate every. plant surfaces in general are frequently receipt for making is : To one from the Messrs. Reasoner, and they
j where.-ED."Cleanio covered with thick coatings of scalesor gallon of juice add two pounds of have sold to the British West Indian
I .H I hairs which, in such cases, greatly sugar ; keep the barrel full and cover Governments many thousands of
," for cleansing and polishing retard the loss of water. This is illustrated the bung with a bag of sand. After plants. The :Florida people themselves
silver, bras, tin, plated ware, etc.,
is manufactured bv The Paine FertilizerCo. by air plants, where the cover fermentation, fill up the barrel every have not yet wakened up to the great
., of Jacksonville, Fla, See ad. on ing is of scales. Internal structures of day and replace sand bag over bung importance of this fibre plant.
page 816. Samples sent free of chargefor the leaves and stems often receive pro hole ; it will be ripe in eight months.I An exquisitely beautiful new conifer

trial. -. 'tective modifications. These various find it hard to make. There is a from Australia is Callitris robusta, the
The Atlantic Coast vs. The Gulf modifications of plants to suit external borer that cuts the barrels and the juiceruns original plant of which is now some
Coast. conditions may be, designated as the out; you have to watch it very five feet high, and growing rapidly.
Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: habit of the plant." close. Another rare plant, Phyttanthus em-
?Mr Driscoll's extended dissertationon "Professor, please give me an illus- THOMAS E. RICHARDS. blica, had a somewhat fern-like growth,
"Water Protection" in THE DISPATCH tration on some plant familiar to most Eden Fla. tH. -. the ends of the long, green branches
of August 4th does not touch of us of modifications to suit external and I
Royal Palm Nurseries. being tipped pink gold; keenly
the question at issue between conditions. that
us. could
regret my camera not bring
The of the nurseries in-
"Look at this branch covered with premises ,
The question is the fact of greater away more than a memory of it.
exemption from frost-not the causes air plants. They have adapted them- clude some 400 acres of rich upland Greenhouses are used for much
of that exemption. Mr. Driscoll selves to living upon trees. This is a "hammock. A striking feature at stock. have however
young They ,
seems to concede the fact of most wonderful change from.the ordi- the of the
greater very entrance place is the no glass, the roof being simply made
exemption from frost on the Atlantic nary plant, the air plant taking in no
live oak which of rafters which slats
magnificent on the up over light
than on the Gulf coast, and proceedsin nourishment through its roots, they
have been tacked. This is sufficient
sign manual of the nurseries has been
serving only to fasten it to the branchon
quest of the cause. This he findsto from the occasional frosts
be "water protection." Well this which it grows. They are hold- tacked. It is 80 feet high and covered and protection in this ,
fasts merely, soon becoming dry and with long festoons of the well-known partial shade plants too
suits me well enough. So long as we tender for the hot Floridian flour-
wiry. The air plant must therefore Florida moss (Tillandsia usneoides .
have the less frost I am not particularas ) ish. A windmill and admirable
to the cause. The fact remains take in all of its food in solution But interest is on every hand; for at of tanks and an enable

that the line of equal minimum tem through its leaves. As it cannot scat the very gateway stands a beautiful growth system to be maintained piping all about the
perature across the State trends to the ter its seeds on the ground for growth, bamboo, which one can almost see when otherwise the drouth
jiorthward, as I claimed ten years ago, it has attached to them the.most deli. growing! The clump is but five years grounds would ,
and is now fortified by proof that is cate apparatus for floating them old, yet it was more than 40 feet highat prevent.
beyond question; even Mr. Driscoll through the air from one tree to anoth. the time of my visit, and actually Time fails to even hint at the many
does not question it. It is not claimed er, minute grappling hooks, attachedto growing about a foot a day. It was beautiful things abounding all over the
that the line of equal minimum tem- long hairs on the seeds, which an- flanked on both sides by several mag- nurseries. Venturing into the dense
perature is either straight or uniformin chor them to the branches when they nificent olive trees, while a rod off wasa tropical"growth of one of the "ham
its southern deflection across the float near enough to be caught. Here superb specimen of the golden- mocks, I passed there cannas grow
central portion of the peninsula.Last they germinate, and the plant finds its striped bamboo, the delicate yellow ing as weeds, while rare water plants
January its southern bend was natural home for. its life. Such seedsas wands of which waved in the sunlightas were all about a little creek. Off to

quite decided, as shown by the lowest fail to attach themselves to trees veritable rods of precious metal. one side was a grove of bananas and

temperature at Manatee, 34 deg., Fort perish." The object of the Messrs. Reasonerhas pineapples, a "kodak" glimpse of
Meade, 22 deg., and Titusville, 35 "I she that you have collected a lot been to test every tree or plant of which is presented. Looking another
deg. In December the line was of cypress knees. Please tell the readers economical or ornamental value to be I way, an experimental orange grove of

nearer straight, Manatee, 42 deg., of Truth why the cypress: tree. pro found anywhere in the world, and they 50 or more varieties stood between
duces those knees." have my point of view and a planting of
Fort Meade, 39 deg., and Titusville, consequently imported for trial I
48 deg. "Every plant breathes in a certain : whatever has been obtainable. Thus i peaches and plums. Beyond this a

Having disposed of the main ques- amount of oxygen through its roots, many rich growths have been foundto wonderful patch of pancratiums, with
aid in its healthful be well their immense flowers, was a bright
daily to thoroughly
tion, viz., the unequal minimum tem- growth. adapted to
perature of the two coasts, at some The cypress tree, once a dry land Florida conditions. All the obtainable blaze of color, and the rich, dogwoodlike -
plant has ,along with other trees tropical fruits are and flowers of the bauhinia towered
future time I may show that "water grown, thoroughtests
protection" is not the cause of this adapted itself to water growth. Thisit have been made of many rare above the bright, glowing scarlet blos-
difference. has done by producing the numerous and hitnerto unknown but valuable soms of the royal poinciana.The .

JAS. H. WHITE. and sometimes immense aerating fruits. It was somewhat an experience trade of the Messrs. Reasoner
Island Home, Brevard Co., Fla. organs now known as cypress knees. to me, a Pennsylvanian who was extends all over the world. An accuracy -
The office of these knees is to supplythe accustomed to apples, peaches, pears and candor of description unusual
Life in
Plant Florida.A plant with the requisite amount of andgrapes as his mainstays to pluck to nursery catalogues has made
reporter of the Tarpon Truth had oxygen, which it could get readily a pineapple-the most delicious fruitI ,theirs a work of much interest, and
an interview with Prof. \V P. Wilson, enough in dry soil without the aid of have ever tasted, when eaten fresh- considering this and the character of
of Pennsylvania University, who has the knees. The modifications which and then eat an orange direct from: the their stock, I departed without wonderat
been making botanical collections in have been necessary to enable the tree; to have offered me bananas in a the success of Reasoner Brothers,
Florida. We quote a few paragraphs: plants to live in the trees, and the dry number of varieties, grown on the but with admiration for their pluckFor
"In a sub-tropical climate, like Flor. I land plants to live in the swamps, are place and served both out of hand and working through' so many disad
ida, with a long, hot summer, a part what we call adaptation to environ cooked, and then have lemonade made vantages.-American Gardening.
of which may be extremely dry, the ment. These adaptations are seen to from wonderfully large limes pluckeda
plants have contrived many ways to be common to all plants if we closely few minutes before, followed up witha
" " " ':
protect themselves against the influ- study them." "Florida Favorite" watermelon! It 'WORTH A GUINEA A BOX." *
.. _
ence of a burning sun. Some of these required great conservatism and self- -
protections are indicated by erect A fresh lot of Ground Stock Feed received denial to avoid too hard a trial of a STILL i
September 16, 1892, by The Paine
leaves sensitive and movable in
solid digestive #
good, Pennsylvania-Dutch
Fertilizer Co. A full stock always on
parallel with the sun's rays. In other hand. apparatus. The memory of r ROLLING;
cases the leaves become much -J tPineapvle- -
very those Harts! Choice bananas, scarcely
St. Helens,
thickened and consolidated to over. Wine. larger than my finger, and of singularly IJI England, I is;
come the influence of the burning sun. Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: refreshing and piquant taste, is a the great seat bus of#
This is especially so in plants growing In answer to yours of the 15th, with me yet. J't, iness.BEECHAM'Si. ;
in'or near to the sea water. The salt would say that pineapple wine is very The Chinese strain of peaches is :
Venders it difficult for the plant to get hard to make, as the temperature is well represented here in several prom. .
Ell I O are They
its normal moisture. It must there too high here to ferment it, and it ising varieties, which have a flavor : r lLL for al)<<>[
fore preserve or retain all which it ob- being digester, at a temperature of utterly distinct from that we are ac ;tons NerTOnf and 8U-<>
tains. And as the direct sun could blood, it digests in the barrel insteadof customed to in the North. Guavas >Stomach,ImpalredOfcestloDDI.-*
evaporate the water too readily, the fermenting, in some cases. It shouldbe mangoes, cocoanuts and a dozen other, i
leaves are often placed parallel with kept below 98 deg. sure, and il left tropical fruits were not ripe enoughfor |THEY ARE COVERED WITH A TASTELESS!?
the rays of the sun. The parts of in the air, shade and breeze and cold tasting, which was doubtless for- I AND SOLUBLE CO ATI NO.i S
plants exposed to the sun, such as the water put on the barrels it will take a tunate for me. i* Of all New druggists.York Depot.Price<&2
., m

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LEMON CULTURE IN FLORIDA. destructive annoying pests that may northerly winds by timber or water or I elbowroom. They desire neither roots,
t _____ affect the value of the grove or the both. If'by timber a trench shouldcut logs, stumps nor brush to interfere

Practical Details of Cultivation, fruit, all require the most vigilant and off all roots from ihe-grove. Doubt. with the free use of the plow, the harrow

Fertilizing, Marketing, Etc. intelligent attention that the lemon less an artificial belt of thickly set and the hoe when deemed necessary -

Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: orchardist may receive an encouragingreturn trees, a few yards asiiU*, ould be If the vegetable matter in

This theme is one requring much for his labors. advantageous in case there'was no the forest growth decay on the land .,'

research the systematic collation of EXCELLENCE OF THE FLORIDA LEMON. natural protection. The cold wind it adds a small amount of useful mat-
The lemon industry is in its infancy striking this will; rebound, being deflected ter ,to the soil, yet all the mineral
many experiences. It is a comparatively in Florida, but the encouraging pro- will rise and pass over a con- elements remain after burning. The

r new industry in this State, and gress with improved varieties during siderable portion of a grove of mod- gases go into the air from which the

it seems impossible to (ully'and correctly the past few years has given great hope erate size. .Some have recommended chemists say the trees get ninetyfiveper
present the matter in all its bear- for the future. No wideawake grower setting the small pines that spring up cent. of their growth. The chief

ings and justly harmonize all differ- now thinks of growing any but the in the fields or the planting of the benefit of the slow decay seems to be

ences of opinion; that is a work for very choicest budded fruit!, which, cones. the shade the trash gives. theground: .

the future. thanks to the excellence of our soil FOR THE NURSERY, and shade is a very important matteras

There has been a great change in and, climate, already excels the the ground should be reduced to a regards soil fertility. The question ....
the industries and in the line of de choicest fruit of the Mediterranean condition of perfect tilth and be well is, can this be more profitably securedby

velopment of Florida during the past countries from which plants, seeds fertilized with a complete fertilizer, other methods? Trash piled in

quarter of a century, during the pres- and buds have been introduced into though a deep rich soil is not requiredas windrows between the trees is unsightly -
ent decade. Fruits and vegetablestake Florida and developed by the atten- for vegetables. Every pine tree it is III the way of thorough

predominance over cotton and tive skill of our fruit growers. Alreadythe should be dug out by the roots, but cultivation, it is a harbor for weeds .
cattle; the horticulturist and the gar- Northern dealers say, "The best if there are any good sized palmettosa and vermin, it exposes the grove to
dener and truck grower take prece- lemons come from .Florida." Con- good number may be left judiciously.The constant peril from fife. If it couldbe
dence over the old style of agriculture.The tinue our present rate of improvementfor seed bed should have especialcare. rotted on the ground before the

orange has "become the chief of a few years and Florida can proudly This should be located whereit grove is set it certainly would be a
the almost innumerable kind of fruit claim the pre-eminence over the can be conveniently watered and bentfit. It is undeniably true that

that can be successfully grown here, whole world as par excellence the shaded when necessary. Some meet shade is fertilizer in Florida, and those

the crop of the present adverse season country for the choicest of choice with great success by planting in boxes who keep the spaces between the trees

being probably about three million lemons. handily arranged by the side of the deeply covered with decaying veg-

boxes, and rapidly augmenting from ORIGIN. barn or shed, and when well started etable matter are surely improving
year to year; yet its near relative, or We know'very little of the origin of transfer to rows in the nursery. If the soil and storing up nutriment for

parent, the lemon, has received a won- the :rich; attractive golden berries thickly set at first, a second transplanting the trees when they reach the bearing
'- derful impetus from the successful known as citrus fruits. Civilized man to the permanent nursery is age. SHERMAN ADAMS.To .

experience of the past few years, and has been acquainted with them for necessary, with rows three feet apart [ be continued]]

seems destined, in suitable locations, only a few centuries, Central India and the plants two feet. The grower ,

to be the most profitable crop that can being.thought. their. home. Even. the should strive for a low branching, Every one pronounces Paine's Ground
be grown in Florida. meaning 01- their name, citrus- has escaped stocky growth with large developmentof Stock Feed. superior to all grains or cook-
i edfeed. Maximum food value minimumcost.
The successful growth of the best the researches of the philolo-
roots. See ad. 816.
I on page
.' improved varieties of the lemonwillbe gers and etymologists. Kitron, how- Great attention should be given to i '
a great advantage and a source of ever, was the Greek name of the the Hart's Tardiff Orange.
great wealth to the State, and should lemon but in this of plants it is
genus SELECTION OF SEED, Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower:
, receive increased attention. It will very difficult to determine what is a Many have been planted hereto
though the trees are to be budded to groves
help to diversify our industries, a mat- variety and what a species;the orange, the best improved varieties as soon as the Tardiff, but.none of the trees

ter very important to our well being.It lemon, lime, pomelo, shaddock, they reach the proper size'which is are yet of bearing size. Will you, or
of hard cash
will give us a supply all havea
citron, etc., seem to usually the third spring. Though the some of your readers who have them
in the summer and autumn; it will give and in
labor ; what :is common parentage, gen- bud will impress its leading character- fruiting, kindly give any information
employment to during eral to require somewhat similar :is to their productiveness? It is
istics the future tree and its fruit, rumored -
it will tend upon
now the dull season; to thrive betterin
of treatment, though some the results cannot fail to be better they are as shy a bearer as the
check any possible overproduction locations than in others.
some Navel. Bulletin No. r and all nurse-
where stock and bud harmoniously
the orange; it will give us a crop thatis SOME REQUISITES OF SUCCESS. combine the qualities desired. Thisis ry catalogues give it as most prolific.

a necessity rather than a luxury, the The main questions, however, are true wjth'regard to the breeding of Who is right? An answer will greatly
which is much
demand for increasing of dollars and cents, of net profits and animals and it is probable that like oblige WILLIAM KING.
more rapidly than for the orange. how most surely to secure them. Avon Park,Fla.
The lemon is a fruit much used in Lemons usually bring good prices and laws prevail in the vegetable as wellas ,
in the animal world. Secure the
the arts, a fruit every part of which there is a steadily increasing demand, Dr. J. F. Richmond was in Lees-
best seed from the best fruit of the
has a commercialvalue; the rind as more so than for oranges. Realizingthis burg Wednesday and said his company -
their result-
best strains
,well as the juice. For the sick it is' fact, the Mediterranean orchard- has shipped two cars of kaolin and
virtually indispensable and for the well ists have been transforming their or- ing excellence by choice buds Great from have twenty other carloads ready. A
the most satisfactory trees.
very agreeable as well as beneficial,' ange groves into lemon; some Florida and considerable knowledgeof half carload per day is now made
while its use is rapidly becoming more growers have been doing the same. judgment is make the ready for shipment.--Leesburg Com-
the subject required to
and more popular. The is not mercial.
yield per tree perhaps as best possible combination of diverse
POINTS TO BE CONSIDERED.To greatbut more trees can be judiciouslyset ---w.rCatarrh
of this sub-
strains. Our knowledge
Can't be Cured
which the difference -
lemons successfully requires per acre, equalizes
grow ject is limited and must be devel-
very with LOCAL
a knowledge of things, as and besides, the net price as
many theresults of recorded
oped by expe-
they cannot reach the seat of the dis
box is It costs
well as much energy and perseverance.A per usually greater. riences. Increased attention to this
few of the requisites are the selec- no more, if as much, to fertilize and matter is desirable, and by it will ease. Catarrh is a blood or constitutional -
very disease and in order
to it
hence the cure
for lemon
tion of a proper location, a knowledgeof care a grove, be marked the progress of the development
have take internal
to remedies.Hall's .
the class of soil most desirable for lemon may be regarded as the more of our choice fruits. Much you
Catarrh Cure is taken internally
this class of fruit, the kind and amountof profitable fruit in those parts of the has ,been done already but much -
I and acts directly on the blood and
protection needed, whether natural Florida peninsula where it can be progress'is desirable.
or artificial], the suitable preparation oft' : grown successfully. There it undoubt greater mucous surfaces. Hall's Catarrh
desirable and PREPARATION OF LAND.It Cure is no quack medicine. It was
ground and for the nursery and for edly is the most profitable
the grove, the best seed for nursery I of Florida i industries, if proper is not absolutely necessary that prescribed by one of the best physicians
stock, the most desirable kinds of buds attention be given to the selection of the ground for the grove be as thor I i in this country for years, and is a regular .

to be used, the best time for budding, location, soil, choice of varieties, care oughly cleared and prepared as for prescription. It is composed of
the best after treatment, the 'trans- of grove, gathering and marketing of the nursery. Some recommend the the best tonics known, combined with

planting to the grove, the best fertili-- fruit, which are real essentials of suc- deadening of the forest trees and the the best blood purifiers acting directly -

zers and times of application, the care cess. Some growers who first. tried leaving of all the roots and trash to on the mucous surfaces. The perfect -

and pruning of the grove, the ques- groves on the high hammocks on the decay on the land, others that the combination of the two ingredientsis
tion of mulching, the how, the when borders of large lakes have earned trees .be felled and piled with roots, what produces such wonderful results -
and with what, clean or other style of by experience that even higher, dryer branches and trash in windrows to in curing catarrh. Send for testimonials -

culture, the best time to gather the and less fertile lands are even more decay. Others say that they do not free. .
the clipping, curing and market- favorahle for profitable lemon culture. believe in siipehod methods; whateveris F. J. CHENEY & CO., Props., Toledo -

crop ing of the fruit, the diseases, the fungoid Both orange and lemon groves worth doing is worth doing well. 0.Sold .

-growths, scale, insects or. other:. should have protection from the cold They like a clear field and plenty of by druggists, 7Sc.

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gRRM]' R Ji'lD] 'i'le1El R Harvesting Oowpeas. ing labor-a hard commodity to get The points which depend on soil
... The cowpea named "Unknown" is here-and in any case it would soon quality and call for judgment are: i,

STAWBBBBY OULTDBB. 6. our best. This was introduced pay for itself in laborsaving.For the settling of the ground to compactit
very pea
flavoring and a peculiar aroma ; 2, the thickness of the mulch layer,
Applying: the Fertilizer. new from Georgia four years II for butter making, no June pasture fed and 3, the tendency of this mulch layerto
Editor Farmer and Prnlt-G rower: ago. I was surprised last spring whena will equal pea meal; it gives a full gold compact with the moist soil below it.
I am raising strawberries on my gentleman sent me six of the seeds, tint, and a particularly pleasant aroma First. Packing to retain moisture.
miles north of Hawthorne describing it as an entirely new thing and delightful after-taste. How our The firmer the ground the better it re-
place, two ,
with clay three to five feet from the They are, old, and bear the same name butter epicures have not discovered it tains moisture, but if too firm roots
surface. I am anxious to get the very as when first introduced. Strangethat I don't.know. I have fed it to Jerseys cannot penetrate it freely and secure
best strawberry fertilizer, and to know some of our enterprising seedS. and Holsteins; it is far. more distin- the air necessary to their growth. The
the number of applications needed and men did not sooner find it out, and guishable in the Holstein than in the practical aim is to get it just so solid
quantity each time, and the proper more singular still, that they have not Jersey, making the former a better that it will not retard root growth. In
time to fertilize, and any other infor- given them a new name. butter cow than the latter in qualityand clay soils the rain alone will some-
mation that would be valuable for me My entire crop last winter was sold quantity. Of cburse it must be times settle the soil too much, and it
to know relative to the growing of in New Orleans at $1.50 a bushel of judiciously fed ,or it will run cattle all must be loosened up for the roots' sake.
strawberries. I am also anxious to 60 pounds to the bushel. As a pre- to beer Bearing this in mind- you Loamy and sandy soils nearly always
have the names of some reliable parties paratory crop for this section.for corn, wish a very superior article of butteruse require artificial packing. The Cali-
who in irrigating plants for water- it excels any other-move effective all the cowpea meal you can. I fornia farmer is prone to secure this
ing put also the names of parties than red clover.I I have tried it in every way, and more solidity by shallow-plowing.: This
groves, pull the plants by handwomenand 'especially on those distinct breeds, gives him the desired solidity, but he
who bore wells. If you can give me .
the boys-and throw seven rows,into and find nothing to equal it for qualityand loses the chemical benefit of oxygen
this informatipn or give me names
with I will one, one puller taking the center row, quantity.-Country Gentleman. and his ground fails to' absorb much
of parties to correspond ,
the favor and thank three others .at each side, putting,in .. rainfall, and sometimes in stiff soils his
fully appreciate winrows the entire length of the field, A good application of Paine's Baltimore seedbed is too dense for the young
you very much. or, if leaves are greenish, throw into O. S. G. Lime to the grove 80 to 90 days
C. W. AGIN. previous to the application of commercial
Madisonrille, ,Ohio. tramp cocks. Be sure and catch hold fertilizers is undoubtedly the finest investment Occasionally he tries deep-plowing,
You will find in our advertising col- of the plant below first shoots; by doingso the grower can make., See ad. but follows it by the same harrowingthat
umns a number of good fertilizers. For your plant is easier pulled up by the on page 816. It will give you larger followed the shallow work This
the first application-to be made about operator, and you do not break off the crops, finer fruit and make your soil hold leaves the soil too loose and it dries
commercial fertilizer applied! afterward.Cultivation .
the 15th or 20th of October-blood and side shoots and shell your peas. .. out rapidly. In my opinion, the absence -
bone or cottonseed meal will do very Should it rain, by being' so loosely for Moisture. of the splitting action of frost in
well to make plant growth. Apply thrown together it will run through this State renders deep-plowing of the
half a ton per acre in a drill made close them like a sieve. After a couple of To begin at the beginning: I be- greatest value, but, before evaporation-
alongside the row with the Plant, Jr., hours' sun, the top ones will be dry.. lieve in deep-plowing for all soils, begins for good, the soil must be firm
hand-plow, and covered with the same With four-tined forks, place between light and heavy. Not necessarily and solid to carry the moisture. ,
by a reverse motion. soil and peas, turn carefully over bottom throwing over with the moldboard, Second. The top mulch layer. In
For the second application use any on top; don't shake, as pods will but breaking and loosening the soil heavy soils worked fine a very shallow
good brand with not less than ten percent burst when dry and all leaves withered. and letting in the air to a depth of layer of soil is enough, but as the soil
of potash-and more than that Rig up your wagons for hauling in ; never less than nine inches; better J 5 lightens and becomes sandy, this layer
would be still better. This may also tack some old cottonseed bags or other or 20. If this be done early in the must be deeper, because such soil is

be applied in a drill, as described material on bottom of your wagon season every drop of rain is taken up much more porous. Sandy loam is, in
above; but the writer always found it body if there are any holes or openingsin as it falls, and, besides the chemical my experience, a very difficult soil to
t.oso; better service if placed directlyin it (there generally are); same at benefit of the aerating, the moisture handle in this respect. The mulch is
the row, a small handful between permanent end, which is the one at, absorbed. Whatever the nature of extremely porous and I have had the
each two plants. A single stroke of a horses' tails. The end at the end gate the soil, early deep-plowing stores up moist soil hardpan under a.top mulch

h"e, or a prong-hoe, will draw away of wagon must swing down to unload. moisture. Then, having gotten the layer six inches deep. My present
enough earth to make a hole for the We back wagon to door, empty from moisture in the soil, the next step is plan is to begin the summer witha
fertilizer, and another stroke in the that end; this drops bottom of it to six to retain as much as possible throughthe three-inch mulch, as neap as may be,
opposite direction will cover it. Thisis inches of the ground, thus no shelled dry season. and then cultivate alternately deep
slow and tedious, but with good: peas are lost. Firm soil, whatever its nature, retains and shallow. The deep cultivation
plants and a fair season it will pay well In the field have "two men loading, moisture better than loose soil, breaks the forming hardpan and the
for all extra labor. The fertilizer is by one on each side of the wagon, and to and the more solid the ground is in next shallow drive campacts it again,
this plan deposited where the groundwill use 4-tined fork, lift from the bottom, April, the better will it hold moisture some of the soil going back to the
not be hardened by the constant ground, to save shelling; not in any through the summer. But as even the moist ground, some becoming mulch.In .
trampling in picking time, and the case to stick the fork in the top as they most compact soil will lose largely this way hardpan can be preventeduntil
plant roots can feed on it undisturbedall would in loading hay. The two men through evaporation this must be pre- September and often later._ To
through the bearing season. Applya may keep two or six wagons moving, vented, as far as may be, by some cultivate such soil atone depth, either
ton per acre, or a ton and a half if: according to distance from barn they covering or mulch, and the most con- deep or shallow, invariably makes
your purse will bear it. The writer may have to haul to. Let your loaderfill venient mulch is a layer of the soil hardpan at that depth. Heavy soils

has applied as high as two'tons per flush to top, rounded a little in center itself. The efficacy of this.layer in do not hardpan in this way, and with
acre, and believed that the last half ; let one boy or woman follow up preventing evaporation is inverselyas them the mulch can be, and indeed
ton paid a better return than the first each forker and gather up all dropped its porosity; if the soil be heavy, must be, kept distinct from the moist
ton and a half. plants or pods. Put into a long shed; adobe in nature, and in fine tilth, a soil by cultivation. _
For irrigating outfits consult our ad- they must not be tramped, as by so shallow layer is enough; if lumpy, or Third. Preserving mulch layer. '
vertisers, all of whom we can recom doing they will heat, no matter how loose and light, the mulch layer must In sandy, light soils the tendency is
mend.-ED. seemingly dry they may appear. be deeper. Right here comes in muchof for the moist soil to hardpan below the
I Thresh at once by women or men the confusion in discussing this subject mulch layer; in heavy soils, the ten-
Chinese Cabbage (women do all mine), each operator The loose top soil or mulch is dency is for the mulch layers to run
having two hickory,gads, one in each not active soil at all, it is a mere into and"become part of the moist soil.
Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower:
This is introducedby hand, and about four feet long; run blanket; the active soil in which the Summer cultivation in the former must
some of a new the Chinese vegetable population of through a large fanning mill to prop- plant does its growing is the firm bed be directed mainly to preventing Hard-

the city of Jacksonville, who raise etly clean. By this method I gather, of moist soil below the mulch. Once pan; in the latter, to keeping the top
and sell it thresh, clean. bag and deliver at depotfor the rains are over, the cultivator layer loose and free from the moist
large their quantities, It forms among :25 cents a bushel of sixty pounds.I ought never to disturb this moist soil, ground below. It ought therefore to
a large
head' like countrymen.Savoy cabbage but is much put by my seed for ensuing year in unless it be to cut off a slice to be con- be done as often as either of these
more tender than the former., The barrels, hogsheads or bags; put some verted into mulch, or, in sandy soils, ends requires.-Pacific Rural Press.
ribs be substitutefor turpentine In them at once, then some to prevent hardpan; but the cultivator 4
can prepared as a
more in March, and I lose none by ought to stir the mulch or blanket soil September, October and November are
asparagus.I have a small quantity of seed on weevil. We have no threshing machine just as often as there is any tendencyon the very time to make a good applicationof
will'forward going around now. I should its part to run into or become part Paine's Baltimore Oyster ShAll Gaa
hand and a little packageto advise any one, if.only growing twenty of the moist soil below it, for therebythe Lime. This article will regulate the
reader of this that wishesto
any paper becomes thin. soil, making it more adhesive, thus enabling -
of blanket too
give it a trial, for ten cents. acres peas, to purchase a threshing it to hold for a longer time commercial
ALBERT FRIIS. machine; by so doing he could thresh To my mind there is no question of fertilizers applied afterward.See .

st. Nicholas,Pla.,October S,189*. directly the field or fields, thus sav the great benefit of early deep-plowing. ad. on page 810.




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.. -
-- '
Lh'etoc1 E'oulht' to a man situated as Mr. C. is.. The little in the way of repairs, quite an item
\. } change from the noise and smells of the as some buildings need two or three V ,,)

-- ""- city, with its wilted vegetables, wateredmilk hundred dollars of repairs to make them
Fencing- Against Swine. Edited.by E.W.AMSDEN,Ormond. PI*. and a crowded flat to live in, to habitable. The land is admirably adapted -

5 Making a Living.A the restful quiet, pure water, fresh air, for poultry, and ample for three hundred V
A correspondent of the IBartow pure rich milk, fresh' vegetables, etc., fowls housed as per plan in July 1

Courier makes a strong plea against VERY INTERESTING DISCUSSION. etc., of a country,home, is tremendous, Farm Poultry, the houses to cost not over ::-
The editor of Farm Poultry is prac- and (to us) greatly be desired. but, i three hundred to four hundred dollars, ;'M:
F the defendant in this case, and moves tical, carrying on the business in all shall we advise Mr. C.to attempt it? If he according to how much work the owner V ;:j'

the court to issue an injunction againsthis its branches, but makes a specialty of has some capital and the "grit" to con- does himself. A beginning could be
quer the difficulties and work hard two made with such a place for under four
being allowed run at large. The eggs for market, ,and a profit of$2.734 i or three years until,he gets the machinery thousand dollars. Two hundred to pay,- V 0Ij

only weak point in the argument is per year on each hen, while the in full running order, he will succeed, down on place, three hundred to buy .
average price of 27C pet' dozen for but it isn't all easy sailing, and an intel- three hundred head of fowls, three to 1
the comparison between a .safe and a eggs i is no more and rather less than ligent apprehension of,the difficulties is four hundred for buildings, thirty for a
fenced field; this line of reasoning essential to success. cow, etc., eta If one had less, start ;
would invest the razorback with moral : my average the past year. We can make a fowl pay us a net profit with less-say a hundred fowls,building
The great mistake made in going of. $2.50 to $3.00 a yearand so can Mr. fewer buildings, and increase stock and ,

qualities : into poultry keeping, to ,make it a C. (or,anybody else) who will go to work buildings next season. One can find
"In order that people may see the in- business and depending on this alone right. The whole secret lies in that oft repeated work to help ,out the living expenses t

justice of the present law requiring for living is want of capitaL It rule: "Hatch the chicks in April, almost anywhere in New England, until
settlers to fence against hogs, I have keep them growing so the pullets will such time as all his time is demanded at
made a careful estimate of the expensesto seems to ,be ,generally supposed that lay,by October,,and,then keep them lay- home, and if he has children about ten
a community resulting from that law, two or three hundred dollars is all ing." There's no magic about it, no years old they can be entrusted to do the

and which single person can inflict on that is required. Can you ,name any "sleight of hand," but that plain simple noon and night feeding and watering,
the community if so disposed, and plead other business where a living can be rule lived up to and everything made to I I collecting the eggs,etc.,the man makingup
the law for his justificatIOn-not the law bend to it or revolve around it. It don't I the mash after his return from work, '
which says "do unto others as ye would made ,on so small an investment? I do to let the hatching go till Mayor and feeding it before breakfast in the

that they should do unto you," but the think not. Then why should you expect June because other 'work needs to be morning. :

Florida stock law. I have made this estimate such large returns from the keeping done. If other work runs up against thehatching There are lots of ways-if one has the

,supposing. the land to be already of fowls? A money lender is usu- season or chicken work so will! -
fenced cattle which be done much the for the other work for
against can satisfied with If worse ,
ally 10 cent. In conclusion we would that a
per say
With two wires wire and board "chickens have the of An V
or one a right way.
invest and man of the right sort help out his
in stock can
with posts thirty feet apart. To make you $300 appli- important item in .our creed,is that the
income in than We
this hog proof I would add five wires, ances and $200 more in labor, at 10 old stock be sold off each summer and more ways I one. k,
cultivate piece of to
and set posts ten feet apart, making the per cent., you would have only $50 pullets raised to take its place. By doing get the small a. (refuse) ones potatoes for,the fowls, -.,
additional cost this the received for the old
: if did not more price
profit, poultry pay and we sell fifty dollars' worth(therea-
For 3M acres.............................. X364.30 stock swells the total receipts, ,as the bouts whicn -
1. 40 .............................. 141.30 than the other business lines. pullets cost nothing .to raise-the cockerels ) each year, pays for the -
:: 30 :: .A........................... 124-30 With this we send the letter of a man's time. (We have to hire a man, or
20 .... .. ...........0.......... 106.1,5 hatched with them sell for enoughto let some one else edit Farm Poultry!)
II 10 II ...... '....................'.. 70.10 correspondent and answer by Mr. pay for the food of both themselves We also sell about hundred dollars' ,
II 5" ............................. 5,5.10 Hunter which if too I and the pullets. one
.c 4 It .............................. ...45 not lengthy, worth of hay, although when we moved
:: 3 :: '_0............................ 38.70' hope ',the editor will print in full, We are well aware that Mr. Haig and here the farm was so run down it didn't
2 ................. ............ 35.65 almost all other writers allow only$1.00 hay enough to
II .... .............:............ 24.957W and all will read it, for it is good com- fowl and also' grow keep a cow.
If J.. ............................... 17.55 mon sense. E. W. AMSDEN. per year profit per :we are We are living on an '* abandoned
claim of
On this basis I have estimated the aware our $2.50 to $contracts farm," a farm that was in the market for
omit mentioned fowl
We the letter by profit on a directly
and wanted it its
no one although
extra cost on improvements within two years ,
miles of Haines City, and find it to be Mr. Amsden, but give the editor's re- them statements, but we have gone and carefully and over situation is of the best for natural beauty,
our again can-
with a river in front hills and woods "J
$3,625.60. The per cent of non-hog raisers ply : not find -and ,
an error, our average profit -
is 96, counting both resident and non- There is a wide latitude in the term hen for six is about, and the village in sight, less than .j t
per $2.734 per
resident owners of improvements. I "living" and, while Mr. C. might think year, and this for years eggs alone plus old half a !mile away. There are many such
wish distinctly to disclaim any the $800 we made from less than 300 stock sold; if broiler raising were addedto farms in New England! ,where an incomeof
ality in this article. It is not directed fowls last year plus a cow and garden. our business, $200 or $300 additional sIX hundred, eight hundred, one k
against persons, but against the injusticeof would be a "living"' (and a very comfortable profit year could be made, but we thousand and two thousand dollars can l
the law which deprives a landownerof one) for .him and his family it haven per found time to take that up yet, be made from three hundred, four hundred ;
vested rights, and gives them to his wouldn't suffice for a family that must although we intend to in the near fu- five hundred or one thousand 1
neighbor. have Brussels carpets on the floors, a fowls, and the garden, cow, fresh air, "
. In some states there is a provision in the "parlor," a cook and chambermaid ture.As pure water, the birds and sunshine can
the constitution that no one shall be deprived for inside hel -ands coachman, to Mr. C.'s questions: No. 1 is answered be enjoyed, and life enjoyed, (not en- ,
of his property without due process groom, etc., in the stable-hence'the ne- in the above statement that any dured, as in a city) if one has the grit, '
of law. Where is the difference be- cessity of knowing what one means when one can make a fowl,pay profit of $2.50to the perseverance to work out the prob- _
$3.00 a year by getting her to laying lem. It doesn't of itself. We
tween sending one's agents; to take the he says "a living. :Mr. Haig's cautions come
crops or to take money receivedfor also about going slow and warning of early (in October) and keeping her lay- haven't fairy godmothers in these degen-
these crops? There is just as difficulties ahead, were wise, and few ing. The bulk of the profit and all the erate days to "wish" us a palace for a "
much justice: in requiring a man to people would rush headlong into the difference in profit between Mr. Haig'sestimate home, and a beautiful princess for a -j
keep his money in a safe, in orderto poultry business (and soon put of it and ours lies in October, November bride, but we have what is infinitely bet- .i
be able to collect damages for again) if they intelligently apprehendedthose December, January and Feb.rueggseverybody's ter, and that is an opportunity to work '
its being stolen, as there is in requiring difficulties. To Mr. C. In his city hens lay out our own success. :,
him to his in safeInclosureor "flat the and spring 1 -- ---- ---,- -- '1
Keep crops a our$800 plus cow garden, --- ------ ,
lose them. Those states where stockis fresh,air, pure water, and the absence of 2d. That depends upon circumstances.
not allowed to run at large are far the nerve-wearing noise and clatter of Western Massachusetts and Southern ;

ahead in every way of those where theyare paved streets, is very alluring, but we New Hampshire are both good sections, V _
free commoners. More and better didn't make $800 from our fowls the first but you want to be near a railroad station = ..

hogs and more and better cattle are year we were on a farm. looking back, andjf within half a mile to a mileof
raised, and more profit received from over our accounts we find that the first a village where there is a church or lt j
them.It year's poultry operation showed a profitof churches, stores, postoffice, etc., so much
was perhaps, not so much to be ob- ,81.01, although in the_account was,an the better. Your family would not be con-
jected to when the country was entirelynew increase of the flock from nothing to tented drop down in the backwoods,
and cattle and hog raising almost about seventy-five laying pullets, and ,if or a (and not in sight of) a -
the only industry; but now that the that increase were duly considered we neighbor. It took us the leisure: days of

country is more settled, and gardening made a good profit on our twentytwofowls some months to find the place we want- ...
tor profit the main industry it would bought at the start, and the serious ed, and we came near abandoning the '
seem that it is time to call a halt, and problem for Mr. C. and others like mind- search and taking a less desirable place -

let those who raise stock take care of it, ed, is, what is his family and himself to more than once, but finally found one E .,.
as is done elsewhere, or, at least, allow live upon until.he develops the $800 profit within a half a mile of a village having
each district to decide the matter for ? To be sure the garden and cow.help three churches, public library, several .J
itself. a good deal to supply a table; especiallyif stores and a graded grammar school,and
.* two miles from railroad station and the
it is supplemented :with half an acre 1
CHOLERA. of potatoes (and some other vegetables) high school. We are near enough to the Hires.i 1j
produced on the farm and eggs produced village to walk to church, etc., and at j
,Hereford's Aoid Phosphate. by the fowls; the grocer's and butcher's the same time far enough from it to be .
bills should not be heavy. A friend of free from the noises,dust,etc. We have Do A Root j
The cholera microbe will not live in ours, Mr. Draper, was boasting of all the society we want, which means you j jj
acid solutions,and Hereford's Acid Phos- his Sunday dinner a couple of weeks i much to people who do not like to be
Drink Beer?
phate is recommended as the most desirable ago, all the vegetables of the season, wholly cut off from human companionship.
acid for use as'a remedy or pre- with a fowl (or chicken) as the chief .
ventive because of beneficial effect on dish, and every article (including the 3d. That,depends upon how you start. ; ENJOYED .1.
the nerves and process of digestion, as butter) produced on the place. On com We know of a farm of twelve acres, having '
well as its tonic and general strengthening paring notes we found that our Sunday a good little cottage house (old) anda COMMERCIAL COLLEGE OF UCXdOT05 KENTUCKY UNIVERSITY,

effect on the whole system. dinner was equally satisfactory and all small barn, bought this summer for H kMt kvari.t ITwid-i Zxyotftfra.AAtnm .
Half: a teaspoonful in half a tumbler of home-produced excepting the butterwe $900, of which $200 was paid down, and "'t.tMpq........IUrtoba4.Tk::

water, with sugar if desired, make a prefer: drinking our milk, so have to balance stands on mortgage, at 6 percant ..... 11 t.o4.r._ 1-=r::: ...=-I.. ..., 2' bi ..::
palatable drink. buy.butter. Now all this means much. << intertft. The buildings need very WILBUR K. SKITH Tntl,!**!.;*..,K.r.n .



t l .
f .
STEPHEN POWERS, .- .- Editor:: L To Meet the Growers. I apple districts of New York, where he ered; strain this and add a peck of

! P. O. Address, Iavrtey.Fla. I Messrs. A. $. Mann and \V. R. I had been engaged in collecting ship.I salt dissolved in warm water; boil three

Smith will meet the orange growersat irients for England. By the next train pounds of ground rice until it makesa

CONTENTS. DeLand, Octobcr 19, 8 p. m., andat he left for Citra and other prominent thick paste; add this, also half a
unso-The Sailing Date; An Orange Hart;80 Palatka, October 20, at u a. m., to points, where he will solicit consign- pound of Spanish whiting and a poundof

t k The Life Atlantic In Florid Coast YB.! Pineapple The Gulf Coast Wine; Plant Royal- solicit consignments for the steamer J ments of oranges for the Ethelwold. dissolved glue. Stir all togetherand

Palm Nurseries; -. 80- Ethelwold, elsewhere noticed. We bespeak for him the attentive hear- let it stand for several days, whenit
Lemon Culture in Florida j Hart's Tardlff Orange .
; -805! > ing which befits a gentleman who evi- will be fit for use; it must be appliedhot.
The Sailing Date.
) FARMER. AJCD TRUCKEE-Strawberry Culture No.5; dently 'means business and bears sat- ..
:r Chinese Cabbage; Harvesting Cowpeas; Cultlratlou For some reason, doubtless a wise "-
... 8CK isfactory credentials. I. E. Baird ..& Co., "The Paint
for Moisture; - -
Mr. E. L. Goodsell has .
> 807! i one, changedthe -
Swine -
LIVESTOCK-Fencing Against ; "
The project now seems to lack no i Store, of Jacksonville, recommend a
POCLTBT-Making a Living; 801 sailing date of the first orange I
EDITORIAL-To.Meet the Growers; Government I element of completeness in formula slightly different from the '
steamer to England. It is now
r Whitewash; Edward A.Seccomb; -
" Work for October. ; -. .. .. .. .- KMMARKETS announced that the steamer Ethel- tion. If a cargo is pledged the steamer i above-half bushel unslacked lime,
80aOUB I
: -
quarter peck salt, half pound glue, one
Yocx FOLKS The Spooks Steal Some of Mrs
.Jones'Clothes; - .- .- 810 -h. pound Spanish whiting, half peck
STATE NEWS-Items; -810
. OCR RURAL HOME-When She Carves; Canning ground rice.They claim that the
. Fruits When Fresh;The Value of Buttermilk; i whitewash is just as good without any .
Curlew-How to Cook: The Bath;'Recipes; 811FTBEB
PLAXTS-Fiber Industry Yucatan; 813MWCELLAXT I rice but with double the amount of
-Organic and Mineral Manures;Clear N
Potash as a Fruit Manure; Fruit Preservatives glue.An
; Modern Chinese In Their Homes; Ext'elIencf. old subscriber says i it is an excellent -
..of Salt; 813
ALLIAKCK Stipendiaries;The College-Bred( Flunk; t plan to add a lump of fresh
Jefferson on State Banks. ;The Culture of Oats.;811 lime occasionally while applying the .
t Nations as Faters; 813:)
whitewash, in order to keep it boiling
Indian River oranges of fine qualityare hot. .
i +m
bringing $6 per box at A. S. .4 r y Edward A. Seccomb.

Stone's in New York. "r The announcement of the sudden
P death of Edward A. Seccjomb; at his

There are millions in the orange summer i esidepce,'Vashington, Conn.,

industry, but some unfortunates on Thursday last, September 29th,
I came as a great surprise and caused
so injudiciously that they cannot
manage universal sorrow throughout the fruit
get five cents out of it. '" trade of the country. He held an en-
viable place in the affections of his

The lower five wires that are re- many business friends, and his death

quired to fence out the razorbacks .are will deprive the trade of one of the

the last straw that breaks a good foremost as well as one of. the most
respected of its members.
many poor truckers' backs. 1,4 .
K Deceased was born in Brookline,
0. Mass., in 1841. Aftejr receiving an
A'lot of several thousand boxes of ordinary school education, came to

fancy Rodi oranges were lately closed New York in 1860 and entered the

out in New York, the whqle lot realiz employ Minturn & Partridge as a
.. clerk. For a period of eight he
ing iron $11.00 to $15.00 a box. '
labored zealously in the interest of his
PS fA employers, so much so that his serviceswere
The company to run the Christo- rewarded, and in 1868 the firm

pher line of steamers to ply between\ of T. R. Minturn, Brown & Co., was

New York and Jacksonville, Fla has established, he being the company.
leased the Line foot This business owing to the increase in
Albany Day pier, I
01 Desbrosses street. the receipts of fruits from year to year,
became more and more successful, and
I the retirement of Mr. Minturnin
Messrs. Barrnttt Bros. of
1872 the firm name was changedto
have relinquished the agency of the Brown & Seccomb, which it has

Florida Fruit Exchange and will enter II held up to the present time.

the lists in the orange trade of this Edward A. Seccomb was a man of
State on their own account. EDWARD A SECCOMB systematic habits, and so thorough was

wold will positively be dispatchedfrom will be cabled.for by October 22. She i the work laid out in all departments of

Some peach shippers in the North Fernandina November 15, if a can certainly reach Fernandina in ten his business that the slightest trace of
either the of
errors, on part employes
mark their grades with sprigs of green cargo of 12,000 boxes is pledged by days, or by November 5, at the latest. or those doing business with them,

leaves in the box. Three leaves laid October 22. Mr. Goodsell speaks of This will give ten days to collect and could be discovered at a glance. ; He

on top indicate first grade; two leaves, limiting the shipping from interior load her cargo. A representative ofMr. was of scholarly attainments, of well
Goodsell will be in Fernandinato bred and dignified bearing with
second grade; one leaf,. common or points to October30, but we believe
lowest quality. this to be a mistake and that he will advance the growers, if they wishit all, the persorification of a genial,
whole-souled and upright man.
pee not adhere to it. No grower wouldbe 75 cents a box. The shippers have As a member of the firm Mr. Sec-

Messrs. Daetwyler & Ballbach, of willing to have his fruit fifteen dayson only to elect one of their number to go comb virtually had charge of the finan-

Philadelphia, are handling a very fine the road. and dock before the to England as their agent to oversee cial branch of the business. His wise

brand of Niagara grape juice, unfer- steamer sails. Where the communi- the sale of the fruit in England.Government judgment and keen foresight, no doubt
mented. It is I < aided the house to continually
pressed, packed and carryon
cation from interior points to Fernan Whitewash.A .
successful business. His
so a -
bottled by C. J. Balbridge; at Kendia, dina is tolerably direct we see no good correspondent requests us to re- was at all times sought for, especially -

N. Y., and is meeting with very good reason why fruit might not be shipped publish the recipe for the Governmentor upon questions pertaining to

sale, says the Fruit Trade Journal. for the Ethelwold as late as November White House whitewash. finance, and an idea of his fitness for
I this
or 10. The formula given by the Lighthouse trustworthy position may be
'1 have used Salvation 5
Oil for frosted formed when it is known that In the
feet and backache,and found it to be the Mr. W. R. Smith, a representativeof Board of the Treasury Department is sales
season daily amounting.to
best remedy and pain killer on earth Mr. Goodsell called on October as follows Slack half bushel of good
Mrs Maggie Nieder, Mt. Pleasant, West us : almost $100,000 would take place at
moreland county, Pa, n, having come directly'from'the lime in boiling water, keeping it cov hIs establishment.




which will scatter as theyare course of nature these trees have made of which have aggregated nearly 18,000.
for the seed
Mr.: Seccomb leaves a widow an have exceeded the
them room in throws their last growth and are maturing the Grapes and pears
three children The deceased' was a dropped and enabling, them to be worked same preparatory to taking their winter record and favorably known brands of

prominent member of Plymouth as needed. The seed are covered by rest. If this dormant period begins now R. D. Stephens and A. B. Humphreyhave

church, and an active member of the lightly raking over the whole bed until the trees will be ready to burst into bloom sold at the best prices. Reports
instead of firming or the first warm days of February or March, from California state the Tokay grape
Brooklyn: Philharmonic Society. He quite level, and I II .
the with the feet, as before the liability to frost is over. If crop is very light and that peaches
was a member of the Hamilton Club! packing been shipped and few remain;
I recommended by Henderson for North- the trees are caught in bloom, the crops generally ,
-the chairman of its Art and Liter soils the bed should be watered until will be lessened or destroyed by the in- that fall and winter pears are very light.

ture Committee and the prime mover sufficiently ern compact. [Other Florida jury done to the bloom. By stimulatingthe As indicated by the sales of Tokay grapes

in the successful effort to secure the truckers firm with a roller or a board.- trees,to make another growth this at 2.25 for single crates and 5.00 for
fall, the dormant period Will commence double crates, prices have been
statue of Alexander Hamilton, which! ED.] later, the trees will remain dormant laterin realized. On peaces 2.05 for SalwayS,

is soon to be placed in front 0'the "Endeavor to sow the seed not too the spring, and the blossoms are less Cling peaches selling up to 1.60,

club-house. Mr. Seccomb also belonged thickly, and should they be crowded likely to appear until the danger of dam- both shows an active demand and
when they have been up a week, the Cornice
results. Some
frosts is profitable
aging over.
to the New England Society
rake may be used in throwing them out, [The senotes will be continued next week.] have brought at my sale up to 6.00,
This sudden death has cast a gloom watering after using it. Stocky plants < Beurre Clairgeaus, 4.124 and Beurre

over the trade everywhere, and merchants cannot be secured if sufficient room is Hardys, 3.7o, all of which are paying
The Bible and Science.The .
can be heard discussing the sad> not given. Treated as above the plantt prices to the shippers. A few plums
will appear in three to five days, when Century Magazine will take up and have been here this week,
whether prunes
tidings, and wondering a man; they are benefitted by a light dusting of: the Bible and Science controversy. In but only of inferior quality, some Silver

with so many qualities combined could gypsum, root or lime while wet with the November Century,Professor Charles prunes rather black in color selling up to .

be found equai to the task which i in: dew. These are both fertilizer and in- "W. Shields, of Princeton, answers the 2.12M which is about 1.00 less than what

this world was assigned to Edward A.I secticide. Keep the bed moist, but not 9..uestion."Does the Bible contain Scien- they would have brought had the quality

Seccomb. Not only was he .well'! wet, by spraying water on it after the tific Errors F' with an emphatic no. He been good. .

heat of the day." says: "Literary and textual obscurities
thought of by our merchants, but his. there be the surface of Holy
"After the plants are all up the ground may upon KANSAS CITY, Oct. 1J.)
employes, from the one holding the between the rows should be well raked as Writ, like spots upon the sun, or rather

humblest position to that of the high frequently as is necessary to keep it in a like motes in the eye; but.scientific error Fresh Fruits-Apples, 2.50 to 3.2nper
in its divine purport would be the sun barrel. Tropical Fruits-Lemons, Messina
est feel the loss deeply. loose condition If the plants show lack
fertilizer which is readily itself extinguished at noon. Such a 6.00 to 7,25; oranges, Rodi, 7.50;
of vigor use a
For the above biography and the. soluble in water. If inclined to make Bible could not live m this epoch.? I. Florida,5.50 to 6.00. Vegetables-Onions,

portrait of Mr. Seccomb, we are indebted shanks, lessen the supply of water Professor Shield's article will be followed choice, 85 to 95c per bu.; potatoes, Irish,
to the courtesy of the N. Y. and put earth to them by raking to the by one in the December Centuryon 50 to 60c per bu.; sweet potatoes, 50 to
"The Effect of Scientific Study upon 70c per bu.
Fruit Trade Journal. rows or putting between the rows "
.* supply from the alleys. In four or five Religious Beliefs. t -

Work for October.The weeks from the time of planting the seed MINNEAPOLIS, Oct. 9.

the largest of the plants may be plucked Apples, N. Y. King, 4,00 to 4.50;
absence 0 f the editor must be accepted out and planted in the field. If the bed JVIapl\ets. peaches, Crawford, bushel, 2.25: to 2.50;

as the reason why this department has: been kept mellow this may be don< oJ pears, Kieffer, one-third bushel, 50c;
the aid of the fork otherwiseit 1.50 to 2.00 bushel.
In without ; home-grown,
has not been resumed sooner. JACKSONVILLE, FLA., October'12.FRUITS .
must be used to start the roots and

the following suggestions it is presume* prevent too much ventilation." AND VEGETABLES.Corrected NEW YORK AUCTION SALES.

that the proper preparation, sowing and CAULIFLOWER is managed essentiallythe [ to date by Marx Bros.] Oct. 6, Brown & Seccomb sold 250

planting have been done.during the pre same as cabbage. They are sensitive These are average quotations. Extra choice boxes Florida lemons from 3.62& to 5.75.
frost when heading and judgmen lots fetch above quotations,while :
three months. to' prices top poor
coding two or Oct. 7 sale Jamaica
They were green. ,
lots sell lower.
CABBAGES.-Are the staple crop of the must be'used in the selection of a place Oranges........_...........................-. ...... 2.00 to 7.51 oranges ex ss. Neptuno; barrels sold
Southern gardener. While not as remu They must be planted on soil perpetually Kakis, slow sale, per loo..................... .SO I from to 6.25> and boxes 2.50 to 3.50.
moist but not never wet. Apples, bbU, .. .. ................... 3.00 to 4.00'' 5.37i ,
nerative tomatoes, cukes and other Two methods followec Lemons,Fla........................... 2.00 to 300llesslna. The quality was very good but was in a
more uncertain crops,when a good strike ONIONS. are :I ** ............. ........ 5.51 wasty condition. 187 boxes Florida
is made with the latter, they are much by successful gardeners. Some sow the< I Limes, 100........... ................. .40 to .so lemons sold from 3.25 to 5.25; they were
thei seed from October 15th. to November Pineapples,crate....,..,.............. 5.00 to 6.0
more to be depended upon as to ] and in I Bananas, bunch............ ........... 1.50 to 1.7; generally very green. 93 boxes Malaga\
transplant January
yield and market price, which is seldon 15th, ; Potatoes, barrel....: ............ 2.9 lemons, Oct. 4, sold for 3.621 to 3.87i.
fancy. but steady and remunerative others sow in drills in the field new sweet bushel...... ..... 50 to .75; Fancy Sicily lemons 6.00 to 7.00; choice,
time. In rich moist .. ... .. .......... ,
the seed in during the same Cabbage,. ... ..... .09 to .10
Some sow September, or even land have had excellent success Onions, crate.......................... i.ooto 1,25; 5.00 to 5.874; Poor to fair, 2.25 to 4.87k.
in August, getting their crop into we Turnips,barrel........................ a.ex
market in January and reporting satisfactory in transplanting, otherwise the seed had I' Beets. ................ ....... 2.5
returns. But the bulk of the better be sown where the crop is wanted Carrots, '* .................. ...... 2.50< CHICAGO, October 10.
to For preparation of the land it Parsnips, .. .......... .............. 2.50 Arrivals of apples are! fairly liberal ;
crop is sowed in October, and the plant' grow. Radishes, dozen....................... 41
set out in November, which brings the< is hardly possible to plow and harrow toe Celery................. ............... 50 to .60 they exceed receipts of last year consid-
into market after the wintered much, provided it is allowed to rest and Egg Plants,each......;. ............. ..05 to.ot srably. Good stock has gone out pretty
crop supply settle two or three weeks before sowing. Bean; crat.......... ................. i.5 well. As yet there have been no accumulations -
of Northern production is exhausted,, recommend the. Tomatoes............................. 1.5 but of fall
which is generally more profitable. Some growers sowing Squashes, slow sale bbl. ... ........xoo to 1.50 a good many cars
Fottlers, Brunswick, Dwarf, Flat fertilizer broadcast and raking or harrow- Grapes,black, lo-lb. basket.......... .50 to.7* apples are en route and some dealers
Dutch, Early Summer and "Wiminstadt ing in. The onion does root widely but Guavas, 3-peckcrate.. .... .... I.CK seem to fear a break in prices. When

the varieties. Oemler, the rather deeply, and our experience has POULTRY AND EGGS. the: fall apples on the way get in there
are been in favor of scattering the fertilizer Hens........ ..........................$ .30 to '.3; will not be many more to come, for advices -
authority for the extreme South, says is to stand. boosters................................ .25 to .30 the East have been
American seed is to be preferred for io, a drill where the row Broilers......................., ..... .20 to .25 from say they
winter heading, being less liable to in Then cover, level and firm the soil, leaving Turkeys............................... i.ooto 1.25 well( marketed. Some New York apples
frost. a roller mark to indicate where the Ducks...................... ........... .:so to .33 Doming are overripe and slack packed.
jury from buried and after it is settled Geese'............. ................... 50 to .73 These slow at 2.25 barrel
Sowing in the field where the crop if fertilizer is Eggs................................... .2, are quoted per
to is successful in favorable seasons and fermented so that the heat, if any, to; sellers, and some have had to be takeno
grow, but cannot be depended on, and is is gone out of it, drill in the seed right NEW YORK, October\10. ; store. Winter apples may soon be
above it.Any expected. Some parties are already inqUiring -
condemned by most practical gardeners,,
There is a good demand for apples, especially
good fertilizer will do except what can be done with them;
who in seed beds and transplant.Mr. .
sow for the fall varieties, but stockis
T. V. Moore, one of our most suc stable manure, which will occasion and there is no market yet. New York apples
cessful : round is se trouble from the cutworms. If cottonseed mainly of poor keeping qualities ire not running fine always; some have
says Maiden
blood and bone used these; sell slow. Northern Spy, been and on that account harejrown
lected which is naturally light and not meal or are 2.50 stung,
2.00 to
and 20 :
oz. range
To be the safe side they should be stirred and incorporatedwith ; crooked and show spots. There
of a stiff texture. on ,,, 2.25 to 2.75 and Gravenstein 2.50to
it should be rather dry than subject to soil before they are covered up, else King and 18 some very rough Michigan stock com-
possible surplus of moisture. The there; will be lumps left which, will heat 3.00. Greening Spitzcnberg range ng. It looks like rejections where part -
even with other stock down to
from 1.50 to 1.25, I
and these will cut This fruit dull at 1.75
one difficulty can Be remedied by irriga and breed maggots, 1.00. Florida lemons are coming in more : ies are packing.
while the other cannot be remedied. the young onion plants. to 2.25 per barrel.
tion, and from 2.50 to 4.50.
freely prices range
A piece ground 20x40 feet will accom- It is of the highest importance to plow Florida in limited supply and >
modate 8,000 to 10,000 plants. The ground the ground deep and stir thoroughly oranges according to quality of fruit, FOR HEADACHE
should be turned over with a spade when mellow, raking off all sticks, grass roots unripe the best stock Use Horsford's Acid rbo phate.
mostly ;
the white or yellow-sand, which has been and trash that would interfere with the showing brings from up 4.50 to 5.00 per box. Pea- Dr. I. R. SANFORD, Sheffield, Mass.,

brought to the top, must be made thoroughly drill. nuts are in moderate request at 4y to ays: "Most excellent in derangementsf

rich with an abundant application GROVE AND ORCHARD.-Dormant buds, 45ac for fancy hand picked and 2J. to > the nervous system, such as headache
should have been in before : "
of-dry manure which is free from trashor though they and sleepiness.
and which will not still be inserted as long as the 3Jic for farmers. .. -
coarse particles may VEGETABLES, ETC.-Pota- --------- > ---
burn. This is deeply forked in and the bark will slip. Stop cultivating in the toes are doing, well with receipts light. Oyster Shell Lime has clearly demonstrated -

bed raked until trash and quite nursery and grove, though it is a good Prices range from 1.75 to 2.25 per bbl. through a series of exhaustive

level. plan to sow rye or barley m the middles, Sweets are slow sale at 1.50 to 2.50. Cabbage tests that it is the one great solution of

"So lay off the bed that it will not be m strips twelve or fourteen feet wide, toe firm at 4.00 to 5.50 per 100, and growing finer oranges, etc., in greater

necessary to walk on it from time of? > cut for forage during the winter or onions moving steadily a,2.00 to 3.00 per bundance on the light soils of Florida

making to taking out the plants. It is for mulch in the spring. barrel. See ad. on page 816. Write to The Paine

then prepared for the reception of the Keep the cultivator running in the i 'ertilizer i Co., of Jacksonville Fla., for

1 seed by sinking a board three or four peach orchard the entire month,and even CALIFORNIA FUUIT IN NEW YORK.E. prices and further information. Now is

inches wide so as to leave its impression Into December ((this is the practice with Out of the total the time to make application for this
Orchard'' at Waldo), and L. Goodsell says :
one-half in depth, with intervals between the Keystone little acting fertilizer to fferings this week of 28 cars sold by all rticle.) Also get their cut prices on all
will apply a quick
the of eight inches. ertilizers and fertilizer material.
rows of 11 the sales
Ip the ordinary receivers I have disposed ,
firm but not hard and broad bottom the; early peaches.


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OurrYoung polios. ply of clothes, while George Washington their way to Mr. Higel, of Venice, damages. It is said that any .section

Smith winter.wore William Jones' shirts .all) who, it is rumored, intends packing master giving information to parties

them with marmalade for who have stock killed this road is
The Spooks Steal Some of Mrs. FRED A. WALTZ. guava shipment on
Jones' Clothes. Louisville Ky., September r8, 1892. If Mr. Higel is successful in made to pay the price of such stock.

his enterprise it will certainly prove a The next legislature should pass a
Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: Our readers' attention is called to the
popular one and considering the more stringent law on the subject
Mrs. Smith, an old colored washer- advertisement of The Paine Fertilizer Co. .
woman,had occasion one day to go from on page 816. in which guavas grow should prove a Gainesville Sun. "

' the river, where she had been washing paying one.-Manatee Journal.On Having.about thirty hours at Quincy C
up to her shanty after a tub. She found '-
her son George Washington Smith engaged Jfestfs last Saturday Hon. Geo. M. Gadsden county, Fla., the banner -
in drowning a cat in the well. She {State Lee'sold to C. M. Knott six and a tobacco county of the State, I called "-:..

commanded him "to stop dat foolishnessand .,.- ... half acres of land on South avenue, at the factory of the Owl Cigar Company :0'

come on down" to de ribber and poun' The Florida Southern transfer of for $5,000. There is a fine orange where I met a most affable and '.r
de close for As the command
emphasized me.by a box on the ear, George was oranges is less by 6,000 boxes than it grove in full bearing of three and _one- pleasant set of officers, from the gen-

pulled up the cat by a string which he was up to the present date last year. half acres on the land. Part of the eral manager, Mr. W. M. Corry,

had tied to its tail. The cat was still alive This would seem to indicate a consid- property will be put on the market for down to the clerk, who showed me

and on reaching the surface of the earthit erable falling off from the crop of a building lots. The energetic Captain through the manufacturing, boxingand
ran away. George then followed his the trade. Lees- I then
mother toward the river. They had not year ago. Hopson engineered shipping departments.

gone far when Mrs.Jones,another wash- The canning season is now at its burg Commercial.The went into the large leaf packing three-

erwoman, appeared coming from the : height and all of our women folks are whole of Florida's East Coast story building, where I found the
river with a tub piled high with clotheson I busy putting up guavas in all forms genial vicepresidentrr.. Henry
her head. No sooner did Mrs. Smith line will, in the very near future, be-
and Some Storm who seemed as ready to an-
styles. are just canning ,
catch sight of Mrs. Jones than a brilliant come one continupus row of hotels
idea seemed to strike her. She jut? the thee and will make jelly of it later and cottages for the accommodationof swer questions as I was to ask them.

tub down and told her son to get into it. in the season.-Tarpon Truth.It those who have heretofore He informed me that the $4,000,000 .

This he did and then she said: "Now is said that since the water has their summer vacations in the North spent, worth of Sumatra wrappers, importedat
down in dat tub till Mrs.
you Jones lay in conversation, and den'gage you get flooded Payne's Prairie, thousands of but have now found that they can find a cost of$2 per pound duty, couldbe

up and put her close in dis tub and when rabbits have been driven from the tall in Florida what they vainly sought for raised in Gadsden county as well as

you done dat you kick on de tub,and denI grass and weeds to higher ground, elsewhere-that is, a perfect summer on the island of Sumatra, and really a

moves on." George Washington did as and that hunters are having fine sportin climate.-Orlando Reporter.W. finer quality.
he was told; the two tubs came nearer them.-Gainesville Leader.Mr. sir said he "as fine
killing "Why, wrappers
until almost touched
and nearer they H. Holden has this year succeeded -
each other. G. R. Alexander has sold two in getting from his can be raised here as grow any-_
"Good mo'nin' Sister pineapples where in the if finer and
Jones, how's yo'health world, not ,
carloads of his for $1.60 f. b.
o. several
crop hundred seed of the varieties
dis mo'nin'.
wake the
why don't the people to
which will give him $1.30 on the known Red and Roths up
An armful of clothes went out of Mrs. as Spanish fact and raise them?"
Jones' tub and into Mrs. Smith's tub. trees. He says a great deal of fruit child. These he has planted and

"Only tolable," Mrs. Jones replied. has already been sold in the State, and hopes to propagate some new sorts. "No matter," said he, "who is

"I clar to goodness, Sister Smith, my advises the growers $o be in no hurryto They have been planted only a few President of these United States,
rheumatiz is bad dat I can't
so ha'dly
Chronicle. whether it be Mr. Cleveland or Mr.
wash, but it do me a heap of good, Sister ship.-Oviedo days and have not germinated yet. I
Smith to talk to He he has been Harrison, or Mr. Anybody Else, that
you since you got re- Grand Island, Minneola and Cler- says growing pine
at the It mos' $2 pound tax will remain the Same
ligern camp-meeting. for and per
mont, the reporter of the Leader is apples over thirty years never
make dese here close seem lighter. on Sumatra wrappers.1'Mr.
before in
seed the
The little darkey in the tub had been informed, is the great tomato produc- any
working industriously, and Mrs. Jones'tub ing region of Florida, and that there Orlando Record. H. J. Fenton, another courte-

was almost empty by I: this time. will bean increase of about 40 percent The very expeditious manner in ous gentleman, the manager of the
"You hab my in yo''fliction, many tobacco farms run by the Owl
Simp'thY in the of this the which the
acreage crop subscriptions to stock of the
Sister Jones, and will be betta'next Tobacco Company, told me that they
coming season.-Gainesville Leader. Orlando Fair Association
week. are being
had about two hundred barn, ranging
The last garment went into Mrs.Smith's From all reports the prairie will be secured is not only a source of gratifi-
from feet to 6ox6o feet and that
tub. George Washington kickedon converted into a lake. The water has cation to our own citizens, but is cause 24x30 ,
the tub and Mrs. Smith said that she next year they would plant xooo or
"had betta' be movin' I now spread pretty much all over it, for much complimentary comment
on, cans lef my more acres in tobacco. They have in
washin' down at de ribber and I's afeard and but little is going out at the sink. from various other sections of the this
corn acres.
dat some ob dose low down thievin' Prairie creek, near the sink, is said to State, as we note in several of our ex- year 1,700
I that the writer has
am glad to
niggers will steal dem." of mile wide and changes references of say
be a quarter a com- commendatory
succeeded in his machines for
Mrs. Smith went on toward the river getting
munication boat be made the progressive spirit evinced in
by can now so
while Mrs.Jones went toward homewitha cultivating tobacco started in the to
light tub. When Mrs. Smith got to the I from the sink to Newman's Lake.- promptly contributing to the success bacco sections, and the past year's

river she put down the tub and exclaimed Gainesville Leader. of this enterprise.-Orlando Re- experience has given them a foothold
"0>, laws! didn't I fool dat ole
nigger?" "Why chile;" addressing her Nineteen head of sheep were killed which he hopes will not be broken.-

son who had jumped out of the tub, yesterday by the engine; of train ,No. Persons who have stock killed by Letter in Macon Telegraph.LADIES .

scattering the clothes all over the sand; r5, going to Rochelle. EngineerCroft the Florid Southern Railway complain ,

"I.has got nuff close ter last us all yea'." ran into the drove just as they that the cattle are buried by employesof
When Mrs. Jones reached her house and Needing a tonic, or children who want build
Baw that her tub was empty, she said, reached a culvert, and the sheep took the road in order to destroy evi- tareBRo1vN'SIRON

"I is sho I didn't drop all dem close on down the track. No fault 'can be at- dence against the company and pre It la pleasant: cures Malaria BITTERS.Indlgestteo,
de road. I wonda' whar dey's gone to." tached to the engineer, but it is a pity vent the stock owners from obtaining Biliouanesa, Liver Complaints and NeuraJgiu.Acccirpanyng .

Her curiosity was never gratified, that so much stock is killed on this
though she told her friends including road.-Gainesville Sun.
:Mrs. Smith, "dat she had seen a spook : u a portrait of the late Prof. Edward

follow her all de way from de riboer" i The rice mill and canning factory E. Phelps, M. D., LL D. of DwtmoUliCoTege.
and heard it come up behind and take de 'commenced operation for the season
He was a strong,able man,who stood
clothes out of her tub, but she said that and
she was too scared to do,anything. Mrs. Monday, canning guavas making high in the literary and scienti&worlds. It is not
Smith would always sit in open-mouthed jelly being the chief things manufactured s generally known, but it isnevertheles,the truth

astonishment during the telling of this at present The enterprising that ProC: Phelps was the discoverer what is

wonderful story.A proprietor, Mr. J. W. Emerson,' is known to the Medical profession and Chemists

week after the disappearance of the doing a good business, and well deserves : universally as Paine's Celery Compound, unquestionably
clothes Mrs. Jones met Mrs.Smith the
on .
the hearty of of the valuable
support our pea one most discoveriesof
street. Mrs. Smith had on an almost new
dress. Mrs. Jones remarking that this >le.-Lakeland Cracker. this century. This remarkable compound is

dress was exactly like one of hers which For four or five years--past the 'pos- not a nenrine, an essence,a sarsaparilla, or any

was among the mysteriously lost clothes, sums on the sandhills have been mi- : devised article, but a discovery, and it marks.a
Mrs. Smith said: "Data mighty quare. the flatwoods. distinct step in medical practice and the treat
Me and my ole man went to campmcctin'over grating They are ( of
ment nervous complications the
at de Corners.an' we had a 'speri- now returning from the} flatwoods in greatest
ence of religern and he's been soba' eber vast numbers, indicating a coming of all modern diseases Pares J. It has been

since and sabed his pay and last week he cold winter, as they can't burrow deep 't j1"ii freely admitted by the best medical talent in theW"

bought dis here dress up? at de sto'." in the flatwoods shield __ land,and also by the leading'chemists JC tD-
Two days after this Mr. Jones remarked enough to The Late PROF. PHELPSt ,that fornmou troubJes, nervous exhaust.
to his wife that "dem Smithses themselves from the cold. So look von, insomnia, debility,senility, and even the
j>eared to be comin' on mighty likely, out.-Orlando Reporter. dreaded and terrible Paresis,nothing has ever been discovered which reaches the disorder

i T cause dat ole man Smith-had on a new Several thousand neat wooden and etores health equal to this discovery of Prof. Phelps.! '
shirt and colla dis morning. The storekeeper -
boxes in several sizes about five inches
wondered why Mrs. Smith did DON'T BE FOOLED ** datmt /D<<
not.. .com* and' buy the usual winter. sup long and under lay, at the}wh rf on ,ft6 framed Jor FAMILY AND NC DT.THE .- ... ;

_:','<.-"r '..)

nr .


Ocxorasll_ :. .1892J .THE FLORIDA, DISPATCH, FARMER AND FRUIT.GROWER.; ,, :fc : fill! '..1

_. ..
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4 .
Herein the farmer and gardener havean turkey or duck, rub with salt and pep- Sulphur soap is much used for skin
Our :Rural Jiome advantage over those who purchase per the inside of the fowl, and fill with ,diseases. Take one or two bars of :

their canned fruits. If they desire to the dressing. I use simply bread good white soap, shave i it fine and melt _
Improving the"Complexion.f have it so, one,hour need not of necessity crumbs seasoned well with butter, salt in a jar as already described. To each -
f Regarding the matter pf using the elapse between the two opera- and pepper; but think sage and onion medium-sized bar add one ounce of 1
hands for the necessary friction of the tions. So marked is the difference would be an improvement. While it flour of sulphur. One-fourth of an

';: skin when bathing, a special authority when these are thus closely associatedthat is baking baste frequently with the ounce of creosote added to it will give
/'f on skin disease" no less .than the famous in some instances gardeners have gravy around it in the pan; a half pint :you sulphur-tar soap. Medicated oat :,
Dr. Erasmus Wilson declares been able to establish a trade on this or so of water should be poured in, as ,meal soap is made by adding to the
strongly in its favor, saying that "the basis of the superiority of their goods. for any roast fowl. above one ounce of rose water and .
hand is endowed with mind," and The mode of canning properly must The curlew will be found a dish "fit making it thick with oat meal.
: knows much better than can a lifeless also be well understood, or the to set before the king," unless in the These soaps are endorsee by leading :;
sponge or a coarse piece gf toweling vantage ground gained in this way wrong season. From now until Christmas physicians and chemists, and may be :'.,
'- the needs of each portion with which will be lost. Because of the long time I am told, they are growing fat, made much cheaper than tHey can be ,;
it comes in contact. There are many which must of necessity elapse be- and are juicy and tender. Out of sea- bought.-The Housekeeper. '
substances which can.be employed to tween the gathering of the productsand son they are lean, which may accountfor i. If. .. .
secure ;additional smoothness and the canning of the same in fac- the prejudice against them. Every one should read carefully the '\

whiteness of the skin, such as glycerine tories, factory prepared fruits can Good sandwiches can be made' of Co.advertisement 816.of The Paine Fertilizer "
cocoanut, vaseline, and the like, rarely equal those which the farmer any game-quail, curlew or chicken- on page .F ..
that are practically harmless, and may and gardener may have,all other things much better than those made with cold Beoipes.CORN '

be decidedly beneficial; but the effect being equal.-Household Companion. ham. The fowl should be boiled until PCDDINO.-One can corn, three j
of each should be carefully noted, since > the meat will drop from the bones; eggs, one pint of milk, three tablespoon- 1
different persons are variously affectedby The Value of Buttermilk. then minced fine, and well seasoned. f uls'sugar, half one of salt, a little butter
the same article. With glycerine, The value of buttermilk is not as Spread the bread slices with a little pre- and half cup flour. Beat well together ''
especially, the complexions of some pared mustard, if liked; then with the and bake twenty minutes.
much appreciated as it deserves to be. CORN
MOCK OYSTERS.-one pint of
are remarkably improved minced meat, and put two together-
; corn, three tablespoonful of milk, one
As a beverage it is of so much worth
while others find its application dark- press slightly. M. G.
flour butter
teacupful one teaspoonful ,
that it has gained a distinct place in
ening to the skin, and in St.Thomas Fla. one of salt, and one
every way pepper jegg. Drop ;;
unsatisfactory. In the use of any of "materia medica, and is largely pre- by spoonfuls into hot butter, fry on both .
scribed the best in chest The Bath.A ,:
these substances only a small quantity by physicians sides and serve hot.
should be applied; that should be thor- and lung ailments, and in most formsof large China bowl should be used CANDIED FRUITS.-Use small pears or
oughly rubbed in, and the excess re kidney troubles. An exclusive but- for a warm sponge bath. It retains other fruit, leave in pores and pits, and
termilk diet has seemed to bring abouta boil till tender in a syrup made of one .,
moved. There is no more unaccount- heat much longer than tin, and is less of ami of
pint one teacupful water.
cure in cases of Bright's dis- sugar
able notion than that one must sleepall many trouble to keep clean. Rubbing the Let the fruit stand in the syrup three '
A and of it
night with a great quantity of oil, ease. proper constant use days, drain, sprinkle with pulverized
skin with soft moistenedwith
will greatly reduce, and sometimescure gently a cloth and in cool
lotion or dressing of any sort smeared 'sugar place a oven to drain.
upon the hands or face, in order to the craving for alcoholic liquors, cologne or lavender water, will 'I FRUIT BLANCMANGE Take one quart
receive benefit from the active princi- with which many persons are afflicted.So impart a refreshing fragrance that is i of stewed or one can of fruit (cherries, ?
that it may be well for the apostlesof I raspberries, and strawberries are best). ;
# pie of the medicament.-Good House total abstinence to make use of this 'really delightful on a warm day. .Strain off all the juice, sweeten it to taste, ;
keeping and put it on to boil. Moisten three even
For an invalid or'in case of head-
> beverage to assist those who have been tablespoonfuls of corn-starch with little
All quotations made by The Paine Fer- addicted to the use of liquor. Haveit ache or severe cold, no vessel is better cold water, and'stir it into the polling
tilizer Co., of Jacksonville, Fla., will be near at hand, and when the cravingis for bathing the feet in than a low, wide juice. Boil and continue stirring five
in view of great rivalry and to meet every felt for liquor drink a.half tumblerof minutes, then add the fruit, pour It intoa
possible competitor and should .secure sto e'jar.. It keeps the water hot fora mould that has been wet with ice-
buttermilk. The be
your orders. traving'may long time, and a blanket may be water, and stand away to cooL Serve; I
1 satisfied, and the system will be bene- cold with sugar and cream. This will
When She Carves.It fitted and strengthened instead of weak. wrapped about the limbs to keep the fill a one-quart mould.

is pleasant to see a woman carve, ened. steam in without getting wet. FRUIT TEMPERANCE BEVERAGE. -
says the New York Tribune, if she There are many other good effects A noted physician once asked a Twelve lemons, one quart ripe:raspberries -
does it deftly; there seems to be some- from the free use of buttermilk. It patient if she would promise to take one sugar pineapple and three, two quarts pounds of pure beat soft refined -

thing appropriate and almost scripturalin alone will often remedy acidity of the the tonic he would prescribe. "Yes," cold,, not iced, water. Peel the lemons
a woman dispensing food to her: stomach. The lactic acid needed in she replied, "anything to give me very thin. Squeeze the juice over the
household. English women nearly many cases is supplied by it, much strength'to get through with my house peel, let it stand two hours.Add the two
always carve, but in this country the more than by any other drink or food. work." pounds of with refined half sugar a pound, mash of thoBaIP8 the raspberries -
work is almost It is said to alleviate the oppressionabout madam he returned "throw
invariably relegated to "Well, sugar. peel the pineapple d cut in very
the men. To save strength, time and the heart, that so many old pea that mince meat to the dogs, set your thin slices and cover them with sugar.
patience in carving it 1S absolutely ple suffer from, and it should be con- feet in the jar, spend more time in your Strain the lemon juice, crush the rasp
necessary to have a sharp knife. Asa stantly drank by them. It is also, to a bath-room and less in your oven." berries, press the pineapple, put the
lemon juice in a bowl, add the three
general rule cut across the grain. A certain extent, a stimulant to the entire The bath-room need not be large.A quarts of water, the lemon juice and the
turkey should be placed with the head system, just what the aged need.-S. ,rack, on which the clothing intend. pineapple, stir all together till the sugar
toward the right hand of the carver. ## .IfCurlewHow ed for the next "change" is hung, will is dissolved, then strain and serve. This
The breast is generally cut in slices to Cook, save time and confusion.If makes a delicious beverage. .
parallel to the breast bone; but if the For Our Rural Home. the window is placed high a cur
turkey is large, first cut the wings off All sportsmen know the long-beaked, tain will not be necessary for a country OQggggoggggggggggggggoOg

close to the body and then cut across. brown and white-feathered bird, or home, or where houses are not too g 1iUy iRS Fruit \Wrappers. 11
A good way to keep a knife perfectly fowl, called the curlew, that lives on close together. A piece of Swiss scrimor
sharp, and make your husband think fish and grass around the ponds, lakes cheesecloth stretched tight over the i < j
you give him the tenderest joints, is to and along the coast. It may,not be window will make it perfectly safe, if NO MORE CHEATING. 4 I Ia
use a "rifle," such as the farmers generally known, however (for I did no light comes in from the opposite Consumers of Fruit Wrappers mar ( |
sharpened their scythes upon. A few not know it for several years), that direction. now know that they get an honest ( >

turns on this will give an edge that this bird, when properly dressed and Toilet and medicated soaps may be ream sheets of to 480 ream sheets as some and unscrupulous not 400 or 320 J j>| ,
will cut through anything. cooked, is equal to wild duck. For made at home. Almond soap is excel 9 dealers supply <
the benefit of housekeepers who have lent for the complexion. It is made of
Canning Fruits When Fresh. been, like myself, ,missing a very excellent one ounce each of:almond meal, borax I I OUR FAIR AND SQUARE"
Few persons are aware of the great table dish, I give these direc- and gum benzoin, four ounces of best 5 Wrappers, are put up in packaged of{ J Ja
difference between fruits and vege- tions: white soap and two ounces of rose wa 1000< each, and each Wrapper is numg .
tables canned at once when pulled and Instead of picking the fowl skin it, ter. Shave the soap fine, add almond 9 bored printing,consecutively" from
2 1 to 1000.< No
those not canned for some hours after as I am told that removes a slightly meal,etc.;mix well,and add the rosewa- one canHONESTLY
pulling. When they are properly fishy flavor. Then proceed as with a ter. Put all the ingredients into a fruit I BEAT '

canned at once as ,soon as plucked, chicken-cut in pieces if a stew or jar, set it into a kettle of water over a 5 our price Send fQr ramp!.. and\
they have a taste and an aroma, in soup is wished, leave unjointed _if moderate fire, and let it melt slowly. g prices to
many instances, and also a plumpness, wanted for a roast or baked fowl. Putit When all is melted place the top on the
which they cannot have when some in salt and water for an hour or two, jar and shake until cool, not cold then | The Jersey City Printing o.,

hours are allowed to intervene between or longer (after washing well at first,. turn it into moulds or a square pan JERSEY: ,!CITY, N. J.

the time of pulling and that of canning. 9f Bourse); prepare a dressing as for I and cut: it into bars like castile soap. .' I e; !lt.. ... ,d ._:.. "

tit .


"' 7 \ -- T' ,;.... <:;, '?- "" "?.as,.," .' s ; ; """ "'; '?" '.'
; : ; .1. .
:" :'< ,. mayy T f"r: :,, ., r"T'l': ; "":' : .:: :

.. e '

812 ;' ';,' THE FLORIDA DISPATCH,'FARMER'AND FRUIT-GROWER. [Ocroakx 18, 1892 \.

iberPI&nt' climate than these countries afford. cultivation, employing 12,000 Indian attended to, the life of the plant is
In this colony the plant luxuriates, the laborers. prolonged; the plant will produce a'
_- - --. length of leaf being four and a half The largest and best estates are on I greater number of leaves, and fibre ofa
Fiber Industry of Yucatan. feet to five feet, weighing one and a the rocky, gravelly lands, and theyare greater length and superior quality.
Governor Shea, of the Bahamas, naif to two pounds. In Yucatan a leaf valued from $100,000 to$500,000each. The plantis cut every three months, ;
tent a special commission, to Yucatan of the yaxqui from a plant of the same Each estate is managed by when seven to nine leaves are gathered.The J
' to., investigate the sisal :hemp industry, age would measure three, and a quar- three principal men: the attorney, the leaf is taken from the plant witha
and we find his report in the bulletin ter feet, and weigh eleven ounces manager and assistant manager. The clean cut, making the cut down and ;
of the Jamaica Botanical Department: only.' largest of them employ locomotivesfor inward at an angle of 45.

When in the State, I visited twenty- THE PLANT'S TENACITY or LIFE. hauling in the crop from the fields; Cleaning.-As soon as the leaves are '
eight ,henequen estates, and after others using trucks of carts drawn by cut they are taken to the machine for \
careful enquiry I have the honor to The henequen and Bahama hempare mules or oxen. cleaning. The cleaning is so arranged 1.1
the hardiest of all the
submit thefollowing report: agaves. Estates with less than Soo acres un- that one-half of the leaves to be cleanedis \
Their to withstand drouth is
THE SOIL OF YUCATAN. power der cultivation erect one raspador for taken from the cuttings of the day .
almost incredible. I have known
dis- every 100 acres. Those of 1,000 acres previous, and the other half from the
The soil in the fibre producing
of the Bahama lie
plants Hemp to on
use the large automatic machines.Preparing cuttings of the same ,day, as in this
trict of Yucatan is and
gravelly stony, the ground for three months, exposedto I
the fields.The size of manner the work can be commenced
and varies in color being black
the rays of the sun, and when
the cultivations the early in the morning and steadily car-
brown, and red. There are large tracts planted to with the on estates ranges
grow greatest
of land in the district, similar to that vigor.It from 250 to 3,500 acres. They are ried on without waiting for leaves to ..
! on most of our islands, and known as : has never been known for these laid out in fields, or sections, of 20 to be brought in from the field. The -
t "mixed land." The soil has an average plants to be troubled with disease. zoo acres, and contain from 600 to leaves are not allowed to accumulate
depth of eight inches, and is No fungus or insect can any damage or 900 plants to the acre. beyond half a day's cleaning, for if .
When the fields the landis left to dry beyond the second day jthey
underlaid by soft limestone rock, similar affect them, and in 1883, when the I preparing
to that of our pine barren lands. locust devastated the State of Yucatan, cut during the dry season; is then become hard, and the fibre when extracted -
The largest fibre fields in the the cattle and, birds dying of starva- allowed to spring up, after which it is will be dark.
State are to be found on this shallow tion and men were on the eve of despair "sprig weeded," and burnt after the When the raspador is used for extracting -
stony soil; and the yield of fibre is the only green living plants to first fall of rain. The stumps are cut the fibre two operators are
greater than on the deeper soil thirty be seen were the differnt species of close to the ground, so as to be out of required; ore stands to the left of the
miles further inland.I' and they are now looked the way of the leaves of the plants, wheel and the other to the right. The
agaves uponas
could not-when looking'' at the the salvation of the State. and to facilitate the running of the operator on the left taking a leaf fastens -
fibre fields of Yucatan-doubt for a Although not subjected to disease line for planting and getting the rows the small end with a lever to prevent -
moment that the fibre fields of this and capable of resisting a drouth of straight. the whole of, it being drawn into
colony are equally good; and if the eleven months in twelve, the plant is Planting.The plants are set out the machine; the larger end is inserted \
growth of plants is any guarantee of not altogether free from the effects of on the different estates at various dis- ;and cleaned; the other operator then \
the virtue contained in the soil in sudden changes of heat and cold; tances, being 6 ft. x n ft., SXII, 4XII, hauls out and reverses the leaf, putting
which they grow, I do not hesitate in and is liable to be damaged by floodsof 6xio, 5XIO, 4x10, 6x9, 5x9, 4x9, in the uncleaned end, at the same time
saying that the soil of the Bahamas is rain, immediately after a long 6x8.The taking a turn with the cleaned end of
equally as. good.as the soil of Yucatan. drouth, if accompanied by a sudden'fall rows are kept perfectly straight, the leaf around a brass cleat which is.
Any one who will look over the of temperature. This happenedin for if they be otherwise there wouldbe fitted to the machine for the purpose,
grounds of Fort Charlotte will see the Yucatan in 1888, when,' after a ,the greatest difficulty in getting and managing a break that regulatesthe
soil, trees and weeds of the fibre fields severe_ drouth, the rains came on suddenly through the fields. pressure required for cleaning the
of Yucatan, with this difference, that with hail, and a heavy wind When planting the laborers have a leaf, finally drawing out the clean fibre.
the soil there is more stony. from the northwest, with a fall of small line with the distances at which In this: manner fourteen leaves per
. THE DIFFERENT SPECIES OF AGAVES. temperature from 89 1057, and with- the plants are td be set out knotted on minute or 8,400 leaves are cleaned fora
There are several species of agavesto in one night about 90 per cent. of the it, and a pole cut to the length that day's work.
be found in Yucatan, but as two plants were damaged or blasted on the the rows are to be apart. A man anda When cleaning with the Villamore,
only are of commercial value, I con- ends of ,the leaves, about an averageof boy are employed at each line. The Prieto or other automatic machines,
fine my report to those two. three leaves to the plant being affected boy drops the plants along the row at all that is necessary: is to lay the bundles .
The H'tntqutnThe species of fibre causing a loss of three to five the distance marked on the line, and of leaves on a platform fitted for
plant grown in Yucatan, and knownas per cent. of leaf. A similar change then removes the line to the next row, the purpose, when an endless chain
the sacqui or henequen is a differ- after a protracted drouth happened in dropping the plants as before. The draws them into the machine, the
ent and distinct agave to that of the this colony in March;last, when a few man does the planting and is respon- mechanism of which is so arrangedthat
Bahama hemp. of our_ farms were affected, but after sible for the rows being straight. one wheel cleans one-half of the
The plant is hardy, and has, when : cutting off the ends of the injured When coming to a rock the planter leaf, the chain taking it along, where
cultivated, an average life of eighteen leaves, there was nothing more seen does not turn aside, but goes on and another wheel cleans the other half,
years; and propagates itself by send- of the trouble, and the plants remained places the plant in the row a little and then throws out the clean fibre at
ing out suckers from its roots. healthy andstrong.: I am told that{his beyond. the opposite end. Two men and a
The henequen requires from five to frequently happens in Florida, as the t The row system facilitates weeding, boy are employed at the machine; one
eight years' growth to produce a mar- atmosphere is more changeable than admits a free current of air and sun man to see that the leaves enter the
ketable length (three feet.ot) fibre. The in the Bahamas; but as this colony is light, which is necessary to .harden machine on their length, and that they
leaf-from which the fibre is extractedhas protected by the Gulf stream, there is and give strength and texture to the do not ride one on the other; one to
a thorn at the point, and spines on no probability of its happening here fibre; allows the laborer to cut and attend to and regulate the machine,
its edges, and averages three and a with frequency, and in Yucatan it has bring out thejleaf with dispatch, and, and the boy to receive the fibre as it
quarter feet in length. happened once only in thirty years. what is of the greatest importance, is brought out by the endless chain.
The fibre of the plant is white, but The blast is caused by a sudden gives room for replanting the field As soon as the fibre is extracted it
being inferior to that of the Bahama atmospheric change over which we when the life of the old plants is is dried, for if allowed to remain
hemp is rated in the market, at from have, and can have, no control, and about to terminate, which cannot be without being exposed to the air im
;{;6 to 8 per ton lower. may happen at any time, but the loss done if the plants are growing over mediately after cleaning it becomes
The Bahama Hemp--The Bahama of leaf three per cent. to four per cent., the field irregularly. dark and spotted.
hemp differs from the henequen or even five per cent., would be so Plants of less than 15 inches are not Yield per Acre.-The yield of fibre
inasmuch as the leaves are without slight that it is looked upon with un planted. from an acre of henequen is from i,000
: spines on their edges; and the fibre is concern.I MANAGEMENT OF THE CROP. to; i,47olbs. per annum. The number
. superior: in texture. The plant matures walked through hundreds of acres Cutting.-In Yucatan the henequen of plants usually set out in an acre is .
from two to three years earlier than of the henequen, but beyond noticingthat matures in five to eight years. In the 550, giving an average of 33 leaves
the henequen, and has an average life a leaf here and there had a few Bahamas the Bahama hemp maturesin from each plant; and from 50 to 70
of twelve years. Like the henequenit inches dried on its end, similar to whatis three to five years. bs. of cleanfibre to the 1oooleaves.
propagates itself from suckers, but is seen in this colony and Cuba, the To neglect cutting the leaves after Making an average calculation of 650
also capable of producing over 2,000 plants were perfectly healthy and free the plant is matured retards its growth, plants to the acre, 33 leaves from-each
plants from the "pole" that grows from disease. I which causes it to "pole," at the appearance plant, yielding 60 lbs. of fibre to the
from the centre of the plant. CULTIVATION OF THE AGAVES. of which the life of the 1,000[ leaves, the return would be'as
The Bahama hemp is found both The; Estates There ate 200 hene plant is ended, and the planter, after follows:
in Yucatan, where it is known as the quen estates in Yucatan, varying from reaping a few leaves only, must then 33X650=:21,450 leaves yielding
vaxqui, and 'in Cuba, but is not culti"rateoV 500 to 28,000 acres in extent, havinga plant his fields afresh. On the other 0X211005=1,287 Ibs. clean fibre per
... :as it" requires 'a more congenial total, number of 105,000 acres under hand, when the cutting is regularly annum. The planters never speak

'. I .



z Y :iom ,

,. 818.1 I
doubtfully l of their returns,.as"experience !- are washed or leached] into the soil,in I FLUID ash the mica*of the stove' doors
; shows them that their crops can company or combination with 'the :acid in : salt and-vinegar* "1

be relied on with ,almost... ; complete soluble mineral elements of this vege- I f per cent. in whitewash'will make it stick .
certainty., tation, and furnish a purely natural solving .
i Cost of Working and Profts.-'lbs source of tree or plant nutrition in a fifty ":
have become
planter estimates, his crop to cost for, regular way, obviating waste, as is sionally woolen garments
v cultivating, cutting, cleaning, baling undoubtedly the case in the application If the i and in faded the by rubbing, a little will

... and marketing from 234 cents to 3 of soluble chemical or commercial lowed to I them. A rinsing little borax water dis-
: cents per Ib. At the present price of fertilizers applied in the usual way. per clear
in the water in which red ta ".
fibre 5 cents per pound, taking 3 cents In combination with vegetable or or- remainder
cloths washed hold
I as the cost of production, an acre ganic matter, I heartily approve the paper. color. are Fresh helps ink .
yielding 1,287 Ibs.'would give a net addition of moderate quantities of the writing may '
be removed the
profit of $25. "high grade" manures, but not on the by holding
.. part over a bowl or basin, and 1
i bare soil. WM. P. NEELD. black
boiling water through it.
FOR DYSPEPSIA.Indigestion other red .
, and Stomach disorders,take Clear Potash as ar Fruit Manure cluding is the worst stain to remove; :
ISIIOWK'S! IRON fITTEI\S. if it has become dark and well
.Y.'i dealers. keep it,$1 per bottle. Genuine hat We have used, within the last few FLUID ,
! "uie mark and crowed red lines on wrapper. in it cannot be altogether effaced
years, a good deal potash con chloride "
nection with the trees in my orchard, two per injuring the fabric. Soaking

4 ]\\'Ii' s cell an y. usually buying it by the cask for this by was our grandmother's
,. purpose. We simply break the potash chloride -1
into small pieces, not larger than egg low the e o 9 9 9vmnTutt'sTiny .1
r Organic and Mineral Manures. size, using about eight pounds to an clear fluid

} Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower average sized tree, scattering it upon When Pills ,
E Each limb of a tree is fed by certain the ground about the tree in a circle ,of th.bo--e .

I roots; the limbs on, the east or extending half way from the trunk'to found to .cur should.constipation. rold.dltw purgsing'.ak. i thetr -a
; west side are fed by roots from the the extremity of the branches. When is also ..... of motion. A femtle aperient.M ".-.
same side. Tree roots are, in turn, this is done in the autumn or early tion of.red ..*Fills 11 only are required.prepared with Tutt's ftpoelal Tiny A. .
fed by the leaves, and thus the one spring, the rains and snow dissolvethe berries, .w.to the permanent cure 0'" ;j
counterbalances the other, so to speak. potash, which will be absorbedand peaches, COSTIVENESS and HEADACHE. ,:
mild and remabt IAt1i. ,*.e .J
Tree roots travel after food. If no spread through the soil, thus including m until aro they act on the llrer,case .'
food is found in the soil, or if'the.elements bringing the fertilizing properties di- FLUID natural.flow impart of bile power sad to their the tonio boir-.A ]
I are not in assimilable conditionthe rectly to the small roots of the trees lic acid, Co remOTe unhealtlfy ccu mu -
roots cannot appropriate it. Chemistry without the slightest injury to the solve one i from Good the appetite use of theso and little dlrestloa pill*.a..
I may tell us that our soil contains vegetation. The future crops will ounces of -ce,25c.: 01l1ce,39 ParkFlace,N.Y.
potash or phosphoric acid and other show remarkable results, both in two .0. SS

t elements, as lime, magnesia, sulphur, quantity and quality of frultIn it to Gero. W. B. Ceroe.
iron, etc., as also gases and acids, but 1889 our trees bore, as did everybody's will be Established 1870.
crops alone can tell us whether theyare that year, a heavy crop of apples; and been A. GEROE & SON.,
fertile or not. again, last year, we have had, what and 505, 507, 509 Mon>oe Street,
I The object of cultivation is to changethe few others had, a crop nearly as largeas be used : TOLEDO, 01110.
mechanical or physical, and hence the previous year, which proved of the fruits -Importers and Dealers in- J
1 the chemical nature of the soil from a remarkably fine quality, both in ap although vinegar.'V and Domestic Fruits and frD u.u.
f the insoluble into the soluble. Cer- pearance and freedom from decay. successful : FRUITS A SPECIALTY.
tain crops are used for enriching or This we attribute to the free use of Established 1876.
' soiling purposes. You will notice that potash on the soil above the trees, BROS.
} some weeds or crops will grow better proving clearly that potash is a fertil If the ,
I on certain lands than others. This izer essential to the growth of fruit. Commission r Merchants

may prove one, or even two things. One pear tree, which for a long time long Liberty Street Pittsburgh, Pa.
that is, that the land contains certain had small and imperfect fruit, the by FLORIDA ORANGES.
elements, or that the crops which maybe spring following the application of handful :INFERENCE :
t in question need certain elementsin potash produced pears of extraordinary the right Dispatch or any Mercantile Agency. '
their composition. Some crops size and singularly free from blem- as hot as BATTERSON & CO., j
take up some one element more than ish. We esteem potash as admirably Immerse
another. Some phosphate, some pot- adapted to all kinds of fruits, large over the Commission MerchantsBUFFALO
ash, some little else than lime. Poke and small. Eight pounds of potash the N. Y.
weeds may be said to indicate potash, would seem to be a pretty large dose too cool
while beggarweed indicates phosphate.Some for one tree, but the results noted I This OR.A.NG' i"r
abound more in mineral, some above do not indicate an injurious ing, will And Other Fruits a Specialty.

i more in atmospheric elements. Thereis effect.-r-Hort. (Eng.) Times. Carpets BROS. FRUIT COMP'Y
no such thing as making a soil rich .. by first ,
by plowing in crops or adding atmos- Fruit Preservatives.The going ORANGESA
pheric elements, as carbon and nitro following formulae originally and clear
gen. But there is such a thing as prepared by Prof. Wm. Saunders, of of coarse ::; SPECIALTY.
changing the nature of the mineral Ontario, Canada, have been examinedand water. .
elements and adding the atmospheric recommended by the World's Salt as aJ n LAFAYETTE. IHDIAHA.

a gases for their solvent e ect. No Fair management, and may thereforebe almost
amount of manipulation will make a accepted with confidence. We especially It keeps 30,000.ALVAN
poor soil rich. recommend the recipes to the gums liED
i When vegetation decays it forms those preparing fruits for exhibit, but If
humus or organic matter in the soil. of course they are not intended to be mouth is AERMOTOR
1 Some soils are benefitted by large ad- used for preserving fruit for household will allay and much .nrntaaei power to

ditions of humus. Some soils are not consumption.FLUID orrhage.To GRIND CUT FEED,and SAW WOOD. F
t thus benefited, and such is my soil.I No. I.-Coal oil or kero- Price
find that humus where nature gets sene. This fluid has been found and Cut S
1 it by the process of ages is a good more satisfactory than any other yet brush, to
thing. But my soil is made more tried for preserving strawberries for When
I thirsty and chaffy by additions of exhibition. Being lighter than water I salt on
, humus, while the constant sifting or the berries sink in the fluid, and their drippling TorlMLHteel
manipulation seems to impoverish it. natural form and appearance may I Damp
If vegetation decays on the surfaceof thus be well preserved. It has also ;, ation of GearedAennotor..
cultivated; groves, as it does in the been found useful for Blackcap rasp- tea and and.the Is"9 work aJwaya of harnessed 4 bore and halt never the get COSlot tire*'.
forests, the organic matter shades and berries. Fruit preserved in this 'fluid! Brass oar Steel Stab Tower It Is easy to pot on barn.
protectS'the soil and,the more readily should be free from drops of water:bright for elaborate dealgnt tor Wth patting* bckwtn power IU...In CkfeM barn..
outside. ; salt and I Ufl GO I.A 21 K4l Ik,S4A rtltrft.*..
absorbs the atmospheric gases which (dew or rain) on the



.- -


: W n OF THE STATE FARI Rs mInCE IJtt) !IJtittSTttUbVoLVL UpI o1t ---

: .
> -
"Agriculture is the Basis of "Wealth No. 41

Every traveler has experienced costs $600,000. It is a drive of twenty- Jefferson on State Banks.In The Culture of Oats.

lightness of pocketbook after one five miles, over hill and mountain, to a speech by Judge Clark, of: KditorFsrmer and Fruit Grower: ,
round: with the Pullman car monopoly. girdle this property. It will take six Texas he said I send you an extract from a Canada
Hence the following is likely to be years to build the house, which is 375X : ,
on oat production which I
"his sentiments:" 192 feet. The ceilings of the banquethall We can recur again with profit to paper ,
When it took three days .and four will be 65 feet high. The house the utterances of Mr. Jefferson as a regard as .one of the most excellent ,..
nights to make the trip from Chicagoto will have four floors and 120 rooms, test of the Democracy of this State papers -I ever saw on that subject.
Denver the Pullman Company and can't be run by a cook and a boy to bank declaration in the street-car stable Let me say in connection with it, that
charged $7.50 for a birth for the trip. chop wood. Indeed, Mr. Vanderbiltwill platform. IrT terms of absolute severityand : for oats to do well in South Florida
Today the trip is! made over the Bur. have about 100 servants about denunciation. he reprobated the they should be sown at farthest by the
lington in two days and one night, him when he is keeping house." system of State banks and did not middle of November. From the mid-
and Sir George M. Pullman stillcharges ) t hesitate to stigmatize them as public dle of October to the middle of No-
$7.50. It used to take two: The College-Bred Flunk. robbers and swindlers. He even wentso vember is verysuitable. The finest I
nights and a day to run from ..Omahato At a meeting on the fair grounds far in his condemnation as to urge have ever produced were sown the
Denver, and $3.50 was the price Worcester, Mass., recently, Presi- most vehemently and continually that first of November. But this article I
of a sleeper in those days. Now the dent Needham said he heard a woman in the interest of the public welfarethe send you will give highly importantitems
Union, Pacific runs the trip in one say she did not think an agricultural States should surrender this rightto on the crop in a number of
night, but Pully nails the public for college the place for her son. "Oh! charter banks, claiming that it wasa other respects.
$3.So, just the same. This sort of the name," she said, sneeringly. Her blot left in our State constitutions, S. W. CARSON.
thing exists all over the country, and other sons had been educated in a first- which, if not removed speedily, would Midland PIa.
has called for a bit of calculation froma class college, and this one must grad end in their destruction. I quote some The oat crop is one of the most usefulof
student of Poor's Railway Manual. uate from such a college. He con few of his many expressions upon this all the small grains, and under the
He-estimates that in sixteen years, at tinued: "I asked her how the sons subject: best cultivation may be made one of the
the present rates Sir George chargesthe had turned out who had graduatedfrom "Bank paper must be suppressedand are most not profitable.sufficiently But studied.its requirement When the
railway companies for the use of the first-class college. She said circulating medium be restoredto character of the grain is well understoodwe
his cars, he can own all the railroadsin they had not turned out at all. 'How the nation to whom it belongs." find that it is equally exhaustive of
the country if he so desires. This old is the first one?* I asked. 'Thirty- "The State Legislatures should be the soil as any other grain, but while it
being the case (and we have no doubts two! 'What's his business 'He immediately urged to relinquish the requires good feeding, it is remarkably
about ,it), it would seem that the has no business.' 'How does he live?' right of establishing banks of discount. generous Moreover,in under its the return best method to the farmer.seed

question to-daf is : Shall Sir GeorgeM. 'On his father.' [Laughter]. Nowif Most of them will comply on patriotic ing the land to grass or clover, or both,
Pullman own the railroads (and that young man had gone to the principles, under the convictions of this is found to be the most favorable
the.people to boot), or shall the people agriculturaL college: or to the tedhno- the moment; and the noncomplyingmay crop of all that may be used for this pur
'own Sir George and the railroads? logical school they would have devel. be crowded into concurrence by pose. As compared: with wheat, whichis
commonly considered the most exacting -
oped some ideas in him. Let me tell legitimate devices." of all the grains on the soil, we find
Stipendiaries. you, my friends, that the name of the "The system of banking (State that an average crop of oats takes more
". Just outside the main exit of the hall college is the least possible consideration banks) we have both equally and ever fertility from the land than an equiva-
of the United States House of Representatives in the building up of a vigorousand reprobated. I contemplate it as a lent yield of wheat. This is shown by
the taken from the
in the Capitol, are the railed. youthful manhood. Educationis blot left in all our constitutions, which, Rothamstead following reports figures, showing the com-
off,offices of the Western Union Telegraph something that comes to men like if not covered, will end in their destruction position of the dry matter of forty-five
Company. It is a common sightfor physical growth and strength, from which is already hit by the bushels of oats and thirty bushels of
visitors to here get their closest within, not from without. Pile up your gamblers in corruption, and is sweep- .wheat respectively:
glimpse of law-makers. Some of them text-books mountains high, range your ing away in its progress the fortunes Pounds.Oats. Pounds.Wheat.
are always standing about (while the tutors and your teachers by the hun and morals of our citizens. Ash .x
... ......... ....
House: is in session) dispatching or re dred and surround your victim, if "Everything predicted by the ene- NltrgenSulphur. ..... 52 8 46 8
.ceiving telegraphic messages. And it victim you like to call him, in the mies of banks (State banks) in the Potash.. 38Soda 3ttJ! -
is also a common sight for the eye of hope that you'll make a great man of beginning is now coming to pass. Lime. 13 7 10 '
the observer to follow a quick transfer him. You may elect him to the Leg- We are to be ruined now.by the delugeof Magnesia Phosphoric.Acid....;. 30 9 33 7
from a neat, leather bound, little book islature or you may get him a seat in bank paper, as we were formerly Chlorine .6 I
of a "telegraphic frank" to the Sena- Congress, but in the first associationof by the old Continental paper. It is It is thus seen that 3.978 pounds of
tor's or Congressman's dispatch. These people that he mingles with they cruel that such revolutions in private grain and straw of the oats take more of
will know fortunes should be the of every element of plant food from the soil
books are furnished Representatives by at once the amount of at mercy than
4,183 pounds of the grain and strawof
the "courtesy" of the Western Union avoirdupois in the man; they know avaricious adventurers, who, insteadof wheat except the three pounds of
Company, and'when their contents are just what he is worth. You can't de- employing their capital, if any they phosphoric acid which the wheat takes
consumed another is promptly for-i ceive the public mind. In a great, have, in manufactures, commerce and more than the oats. This: is very different -
warded. The custom-for it has intelligent, popular country, like ours, other useful pursuits, make it an in- from the prevailing opinion of farm-
ers, who are to believe that oats i
not to be deceived strument to burthen all the inter. apt may
grown to be one-is almost universal. men are by the I be grown on much less fertile land than
Few statesmen fail to avail themselvesof name of the college at which the man changes of property with their swin- wheat. The result is that one very rarely i
monopoly's sop to Cerberus. It follows has graduated. No; thank God, dling profits-profits which are the finds a really good crop of oats, and the
therefore, as shadow substance under this free government of ours, price of no useful industry of theirs. quantity as well as the quality of.thfc
day and night, that men who are the in this gfeatest of all great countries, I am an enemy to all banks grain profit produced to the per acre is And rarely of any
stipendiaries and recipients of a cor with its great free people, every man discounting bills or rates for anything growers do secure grower.excellent and yet some most
poration's favors will exact no legislation stands for what he is worth. 'Take care but coin." profitable crops of this grain by the best
too irritant to it. By such methodsare of yourself,' says the popular judgment These quotations from the great ex method of culture, based on the requirements -
the helpless rendered more so, and If your learning helps you, we pounder of Democracy could be, ex- of the plant. We read of or sometimes -
the public wronged.-National Econo- are glad of it. If you get anything out ofa tended at great length, but there is no I bushels see to a yield the acre of seventy-five of grain weighing or eighty t
mist. diploma, get it, but the true straight. necessity for further evidence as to his nearly twice the average of the ordinary
forward way is to follow in every idle views. Every prediction he made as crops, and there are a good many cases
The Times-Democrat flunkily in- moment some industrial study or some to the inherent rottenness of the State in which oats are really the most paying
forms us that "George W. Vanderbilt, !industrial work. That's the way.we banking system was completely verified crop grown on the farm. The reason
in increasing his stupendous estate inN make American citizenship. That's the by their subsequent careers*, and character why this is as uncommon an exhaustive is first crop, that is not ita

orth Carolina, Biltmore, puts together way we lead the world. multiplied calamities came upon the generally known; second, that manure is
his own and mother's maiden name. < 1 I people ,because of a disregard of his very rarely given to it, and, third, that
The estate comprises about ten thou- Why weary your throat and patience i prophetic utterances. the procuring of the best kind of seed i*.
with that wretched when bottleof
cough, a
sand and is about commonly neglected.
acres, two thousandtwo *in
hundred feet-above -the sea. It promptly Dr.Bull's? Cough Syrup- will,- tur you' yerltebls* .dmfly ue4tdze,.lox. BS CZAJC'. quite- The careful fact fj that This grain' r.pnirs4




OfTHE BOIL three inches deep (a most important THREE ,
r point), and it was sown in a mild spell of STYLES. Spading
\ as wheat does Instead of a shallow MORGAN
weather in March. All these '
points are FIVE
scratching the in the
- spring, Harrow
essential to the complete success of this SIZES.
( when by reason of the condition of the
) soil the must be done-too late: crop-well prepared land, liberal use ofgood Thousand* The Best all around Rotary Harrow and Pnlrerfcev
plowing the for Fall plowed land' BtabW, Vtn.-
manure, thorough mingling
for the beat growth of the plant, this yards and Peach Orchards haves ixj
I manure with the soil, deep covering of i farrow of teeth adJostaWa. Send
work should be done in the fall, so that or ridge. Angle
the seed, and early sowing made possibleby for Catalogue. Mention this Paper. Address
; advantage be taken of the first
may opportunity
of the ground.THE .
1 of getting in the seed which: previous preparation D.S.MORGAN&CO.Brockport.N.Y.WE .

may be done quite often when the frost SOWINGof

is still in the ground a few inches below this grain important. Many farmers

(| the surface. Early sowing is indispensable think that the seed may be sowed any
1' = for a long season,and cool weather way, and if it is only on the soil it is as CAN TELL YOUHow

l "o is needed for the best development of the well as if>in it. This is a great and fatal

plant. And when this is done, by, the mistake. No other grain needs better to make good Fertilizers"J HOME w1Phosphates'*.
exercise of care and forethought the effects covering, 80 that the roots may; be pre-
i of adverse climate are frequently served from any dry weather in its early
neutralized. Good'' cropS are thus produced stage of growth and may take a firm holdon Soft
I when otherwise the yield wouldbe the soiL It is a shallow-rooted plant

small and the grain light. and without ample covering the roots do
A of the.above will not down into the soil to safe ,
study figures givea go a depth. Saving ou.T.OO to $10.00 per ton on the prleeayett
clear idea of what is needed in the way Moreover,it needs coolness and moisture are now paying for Fertilizers.
h of and both these are secured by the covering
J r Send tor Special Florida Circular giving direction for making
I MANURE OR FERTILIZERS' of the roots. Thus the covering of
the seed is best done by of a coul- -
t for this grain. The best quality of stable Fruit and Truck Fertilizers:
ter harrow or a cultivator, either of
manure contains everything needed, except which acts as a plow would do, while the
perhaps, the soda and chlorine,and common spike narrow merely stirs the W. S. POWELL & CO., Chemical Fertilizer Manufaetarere
these in the form of
t common are easily salt (chloride provided of sod' .) It is -seed and the soil together without affording so* .e Aio Bowl?** TOuu* BALTIMORE. MD.
sufficient .
doubtless on account of this need for any covering.SEED. _

salt that we find the oats grown near the 1888-1892. .
sea are heavier and more productive than It goes without saying that the best FRANKLkIN SYSTEM OF IRRIGATION.
seed only should be sown. And as the
in inland localities,but this is not necessarily :-
! so when the salt may grain deteriorates in a warm climate, it
easily be provided. The oats of Scotland, is best to procure seed from a northern

Ireland, Norway, Nora Scotia,and New and cooler locality. Scotch or Irish varieties -
1 Brunswick all excel in quality and quan- which have been grown a year or In Successful Use Since 1888

tity, and it may very reasonably be ex two in Canada'make excellent seed, and ,

plained.this way. As the clover contains forty pounds to the bushel is the highest in Orange Groves and Vegetable Gardens in size from six acres to one
large quantity of element that should be sown. Some of the Scotch I
1 a every hundred and seventy-five acres.I .
, needed by oats, a clover sod turned and Irish varieties weigh over fifty

under is an excellent preparation for the pounds to the bushel, and fifty-six have perfected, and tested by use, an arrangement of ligHt steel
{ If the oats be sown on stubble pounds has been known.
crop. tubes at a substitute for the perishable hose.JAMES.
and no manure is to be spared for it,at i i
least 500 pounds of a complete fertilizer Nations as Eaters.It FRANKLIN .

should be applied. This should consist of has been remarked that the ruling Montverde FIg

superphosphate of lime, potash salts, people of our civilization, or, in other ,
(which. will supply the potash, magnesia, words, the English, French, Germans-
p add,the salt needed,) and a sufficient and Americans are the greatest eaters.

quantity of available nitrogen, which is The Spaniards and Italions do not live JOHN CLARK, SON & CO.DEALERS .,

best supplied in the form of upon nearly as good or substantial a dietas

the Germans and English, just as the
activity the former two is notably less GROCERS AND COMMISSION MERCHANTS
This fertilizer alone has proved exceedingly *
than that of the latter two. But, on the : .
useful to this grain; an applica- average, the American eats more than a ,

tion of 150 pounds per acre ha"given an person of any other nationality, and can IN-,
increase of twenty bushels of grain and generally have meat for his labor.

1,220; ) pounds of straw" to the acre. In He is apt to appreciate the good thingsof
Coal Hay Grain Wines Tobacco Etc
South-Carolina where this grain is the this life all the more when he can have Liquors, Cigars, ,
lightest known,on account,doubtless,of ,
such palatable dishes as those which the .
the warmth of the climate an increaseof
Enterprise Meat Chopper will assist him,
400 per cent of crop has been made or his good wife, in preparing. For

by its use. Mr. Joseph Harris, one of chopping Saussage Meat, Mince Meat,
1 the first authorities on fertilizers and Hamburg Steak for dyspeptics Hogs LIST -WHISKEY.. ,

general farming in America, says that head Cheese, Suet, Hash, Tripe, Clams, Parker.........................:.........81:75 J. Martin Rye...........................S'OO
with 160 pounds of this fertilizer he has Orange Valley.........4................. :2 00 Virginia Glade ...........,............ 4.OO.
bushels of of Peppers, Scrap:Meat for poultry, Corn for Spring:Valley:..... .4................... 2 SO j Old Bourbon .......................,.... 5 00
made eighty-four grain fritters Stale Brean for bread crumbs, North Carolina Corn.................. :3 50 Kentucky Sour Marsh .... ............ 5 00
I forty pounds to the bushel per acre, Horse Radish, Cocoanut, Lobsters, Vanilla Cllfton'Club ...... ............... Old Baker ................... ......... 5 00
which is more than 100 bushels of the Beans, Cabbage, it js not excelled, Montrose Velvet................86 00 ,

legal weight of thirty-two pounds. But, and the economical housewife will findit Jogs'Extra: : One gallon, a. c.; two gallon 500.; three gallon,750. Remit ;jby post office money
in addition, he says the wheat follow almost indispensable in preparing' ol'der.check or registered letter. We cannot,ship C.O. D. to dry terras. -
; ing was a fine crop?, and ,the clover was Chicken Salad and Chicken Croquettes, A complete pnce list of Groceries,and Wine List, sent free on application.JOHN .

! simply grand. It is one of the compensations making Beef Tea for invalids, mashing I "
1 of good culture of any crop that Potatoes, Pulverizing Crackers, &c. In I
those that follow it are also benefitted.
a word, the Enterprise Meat Chopper I
And thus the liberal treatment of this will be found invaluable in the kitchenin WANTED. .

crop was returned in the two succeed- ,many processes of cooking. All hard-
ing ones. A farmer of New Brunswick ware stores sell it and the price is only
reports that the use of 112 pounds of 3.00. Reader "bur one! And send to CALADIUM or ELEPHANT EAR BULBS

, nitrate of soda alone gave him a yield of the Enterprise MTg. Co., Philadelphia, ,
sixty-foul bushels of forty-one pounds to for one of their interesting Cataloguesthey LARGEST SIZE, IN BARREL LOTS.

the bushel, which is equal to eighty-two! are furnished free. Address, stating average sise and price per barrel,
busheis thirty-two pounds. Withoutthe
KOBT. BUIST, Philadelphia., Fenn.
nitrate the yield was only thirty-six The BUST MACHXNBILT
bushels of thirty-three pounds. and TOOL* in th.world for
B 0 R E uooMdingiathiabnrlnftM- l.rr >

But where good : J Horse Powers, ENTERPRISE N'o.10 S3.0 FOR CHOPPING

STABLE &LNUBJC WELLS Steam Engines, fJJf Sausage Meat; Mince

alone Is supplied liberally the yield is -- Pumps Avalves, I" Hamburg Me* Scrapple Steak Suet for, -

always satisfactory. The writer has DRill I Iron R *and andlswort Meat t ChopperJWTINNED. Dyspeptic*, Peppers,
grown, from fresh seed of Canadian a.and.pltos. I10Ded 0&taJ0ca.nailed I'rH. Hog**Head Salad Cheese
Chicken Bash
growth, weighing forty-five pounds to LOOM IS 6, NYM AN, .- Chicken Croquette,.
the bushel bushels ofgrain TmriJC." OHIO. '
over seventy-five Codfish, Meat
',, J
by measure, and of fully equal lIil iSh In.t'h 8 WOr1]II. for Poultry, Lobsters
i weight, which is equal to something over "MORE TESTIMONIALS"f&r Tripe, Clam*.Cora forFritter
For Sal. by the *, Stale BreadHardware
one hundred and five bushels per acre of .mabcr nMhinttMADB. Trade. for Bread Crumbs, ,
legal weight In this case the land was .014 than U7 ot.ber U&cber Cocoanut, Cabbage. '
plowed in the fall, the manure WAS : at Doofttur.O)la raoewfol llllaoia operation CS Send for Catalogue IIOrsexadlabVanilla:
"Be&D" Ac.:: Alto: for
spread on the snow and was made by a chicks botched at oa timewith '
making: Beef Tea for
300 eapMltr Rail Co _
/ flock -of sheep fed for fattening, the able a Incubator.8ia on > Euhrpr1l1 KTg 0 Invalids, PulverizingThird

i ground was thoroughly worked by an: ..'auapc-J....for B.W QJuCra&ecI, A Dauphin SU, ftrIJ Crackers Potatoes,,&c MashingPkUadel
Acme harrow which is really a of -
gang .
> *, Fa. No.10 S3.0 "
email-plows, the seed was coverta fully I ....r.IKlHf.r I iBrotdlrCo.QuIICJ.1I1






'/ .


Fekin Ducks and Eggs;also Bronze Turkeys FLORIDA DISPATCH ROWri

Definite exchange offers Inserted free. State and McNeil Peas for sale. Mrs. W. H. MANN, iu, I 1 .
Mannville, Fla. 10-13-51
what have and what you want. t Lemons, Oranges Grapes, Peaches, ,
Open you to subscribers only.FOllICtCHANG265 FROZEN OUT FRUIT GROWERS will find ARMOR'rtaJMr.;: q.Utr Apples, Berries, Green and >1
frost proof fruit lands in the Pabor Dried Fruits.Will .
Lake Colony. Wnte far particulars to W. E.PABOR -
City Lots and 10 acres of Manager, Avon Park, Fla. io-i3-tf CHAS. W. DaCOSTA, Publisher. pay cash. Send for a Daily Bulletin. _
: Fla., value$5ooo,will be M. E. BALLARD & CO.
exchanged or part,for property in Leesburg,
Seasoned Orange Box Heads. Cottage Grove Ave., Chicago, 111. :
Fla. riciaity. Will some cash difference TERMS OF SUJ5SCKirTION:
E lumber than mill in General Produce Commission Merchants and
Address P. O. Box We carry more dry any
on 226.good Leesburg paying, Lake property.County, Fla."CENTAWORD" the Southf and are prepared to fill orders for box For One Year .........................._....52.00 Shippers._7.28-6mo

large quantities at short notice. Dry For Six Months. ......-..............'.. ..... i.oo "
I Flooring, Ceiling and Sidinga specialty. TILGH- .B. PRESLEY & CO.,
COLUMN.To MAN-WILSON Co.,Palatka. Fla. 7-2in2t Subscriptions in all cases cash in advance.

Insureinsertion in this column, advertise- STRAWBERRY PLANTS-Send for price list Rates of Advertising on Application.
ments must be accompanied by the money. ,Grand Bay,Ala. REMITTANCE should be made by Check FLORIDA ORANGE DEALERSOF

Advertisements must not exceed fifty words. S-u-qt Postal Note, Money Order, or Registered Letter, THENORTHWEST j
postage Stamps received in payment. to order ofFLORIDA
than house in
Count every word,including;name$ and address. WALL PAPER-Cheaper any 1
state. Sam pies,prices and instructions : DISPATCH FARMER AND
free,by mail. J. F. ROBINSON, 15 W..,.Bay street, ST. PAUL, MINN.POnLITZERBROSFRDITCOlIP'Y.
X*. Stock grow;wards off disease. Circulars and Jacksonville, Fla.
testimonials. K. W. AMSDEN, Ormond, Fla. STAWBERRY PLANTS-Clouds, Hoffmans, l ,
wio-6-3m ._ Crescents. Strong plants ndw
ready. Send for prices. CLARK LEWIS, Hampon
Strawberry Plants. Fla. 7-28-131
Wdrsdale, Marion County, Fla. 10-13-21 your old family Bibles; make them at KIAIEPIANOS.
i as new. DaCosta Printing and Publishing -
POL ,SAL1-Iooo to 1,500 Strawberry and SugarLoaf House,Jacksonville, Fla. i
A Pineapple Slips. $7.00 per thousand on iI I J on FT. W YNH IHDIAM.
board. THEODORE GIFFORD, Orlando, Fla. BOONE'S EARLY, fine in quality; the earliest' ,
I"OoJ32tI' orange in use. Limited supply of trees. An- Established 1866.
WILL five ten acres of best Tomato rantium Pomelo. Mr. Clauser of Longwood
I received returns in February, from Barber&Co., EDWARD ROBERTS
and Truck Land all improved and under cultivation UNEQUALLED IN ,
Pomelo net Aurantium -
Chicago Common $1.20;
Winter Haven f for$125 an acre. $200 an
$2.30. Some fine trees. Also,large Tardiff AGENT FLORIDA FRUIT EXCHANGE-
land last A.
made same
was on
acre buds lion, Orlando Nursery. Tone Touch Workmanship i DurabilityBaltimore
TOWNSEND, Winter Haven,Fla._10013-lt I on sour JAMES 7-218w WHOLESALE COMMISSION FRUIT

\VE are manufacturing a Soft Bone Phosphate SALE Whipporwill pees, per bushel, f.o. ,22 and 24 East Baltimore Street. AND VEGETABLE.Prompt .
which analyzes 5 to 7 per cent. soluble phos- FOR., $2.09; Conch peas(limited quantity), per New York, 143 Fifth Ave.
phoiic acid. This should commend it to every pound, post paid, 2oc; Chufa seed,per pound Wa.ilitnaton, 817 Mat ket Space Returns. Stencils on application.
fruit grower In the country. For composting it post paid 3SC; per peck: f. o. b.:, $1.50; pearl 226 and 228 North Delaware Ave.,
is unnvaled. Price and samples on application. millet, per pound, post paid, 3Sc; four pounds, SONS., PI-IILADgLP".IIA. PA.
Correspondence solicited. THE COWLES & JORDAN '1.25; ten pounds, f.o. b., $2.00. Send cash with JAMES STEPHENS & ,
FERTILIZER Co., Bartow, Fla. 10-13-31 order. EXCELSIOR SEED FARM, Keuka, Fla.24tf.
SALE-Three hundred Sweet Seedling Or-
FOR Trees. Four hundred sour trees must be FLORIDA'S advantages for small investments, '
sold. J. B. WADE Jacksonville] ,Fla. 10-13-11 r see "Real Estate Journal," Arcadia Fla. FRUIT bEAhERS 161 MAIDEN LANE, NEW YORK,
$i.oo per year: sample,with state map, 10 cents. ,

M. DAVIS & SON, Palatka, Fla. 3-24-I2U1 FLORIDA ORANGES..
TANKS-G. of Cypress Tanks, Tubs andVats. SALE-One second hand Washington 347 and 349 Broadway,
Large Water Tanks a specialty, for rail- FOR Press for sale cheap at this office. ALBANY. NE'V VORI1::.
road and irrigating purposes. Send for price Write for particular CONSIGNMENTS SOLICITED.

list io-13-iat ---------------
WANTED-Boar and two or more Sows ot Berkshire -
"i or other good breed. JAMES F. SMITH
7154 W. Bay,Jacksonville, Fla. io-13-it .. ... -t:_ ...

SALE-Three hundred thousand Grape aITrowt
FOR and one hundred thousand Sour Scions.
-> Very fine Pnces very reasonable. S. M. I DoE TIIIS CATCH: : YOU?
-' STEPHENS, Lakeland Fla._10022-lIt I

% rPILGHMAN'S A CONDITION POWDERS. They have willmakeanyanimaleatandgrowfat. Send us an order for 5 boxes Cream Fruit or F'AANK BANTA'g' .

on equal for chickens]and are a sure cure for salt Banta's Pepsin Chewing Gum, and we will \\\ .
in Florida.
sick cattle. For sale everywhere '
Sample peckages: sent by mail for 35 cents. W. J send you a handsome Gloria Silk, eight steel rib t !''t 1r"
G. TILCBUAN. Palatka, Fla._8.25-13t (
TIIKM GROW-Those Pear and other Umbrella, either wood or silver handle, one that I .

SEE trees etc. Pierson is getting ready for will be proud to *
the fall trade. Prices now ready. SUMMIT you carry.
NURSERIES, D. L. Pierson Monticello, Fla.

/ _8ii9tAVOID Banta's Cream praifc and Pepsin Gam

DISASTER-Use Perfection Rein Guard. ,

./It.' the lines.: Agents prevents and dealers horses coin switching money. Sam-over is not equalled for fine chewing qualities, flavor, indigestion, etc. This offer is only good for

ple Ji, with circulars. ANDREW V. CALLAHAN, 90 days, merely as an advertisement to get our Gums more thoroughly introduced.
General Manager Salem, Ohio. _8-iiiot. .
Manufactured by jj*. J. BANTA, Lima 011 i o.
SALE-7,000 Orange, Lemon and GrapeFruit .
Buds; all budded on sour stock and run SALE m -
'trained to stake. Write for prices. J. 11. TURN-
LBY,Lake Weir, Fla._- 8-18 i2t H. L.. DWSeNBERRV & CO.,

TANCY PIGEONS-Bought,sold andcxchanged.Write Manufacturers and Jobbers of Fine Candies JACKSONVILLE, FLA.We .
for what you want. Stamp for reply.

..LLOYD, GRANT, Lady Lake, Fla. 7-28-521 will positively atop giving umbrellas with Cream Fruit and Pepsin Gum after Nov. 3G: '02.

------ ,


X Every exhaustive test made by the largest and best known truckers and fruit raisers in the State clearly demonstrated that the various brands of specially prepared fertilizers placed
the market by the Paine Fertilizer Co.,of Jacksonville,Fla., give a better and healthier growth and have decidedly superior productive qualities. Our customers,each. season sendto
market the first and finest vegetables, always obtaining the cream of the high pricest.' This summer Mr. G.V.. llfgelow of Bushnell, Fla. who used ten tons ot our Truck F'armers'Special '
," sent to this and to New York and Boston markets the first ripe watermelons of the season, three ot these cars selling at between ft3; and$35: each, whereas later melons ecarcely
brought freight. Almost every well-known paper in the State referred to these melons and spoke of the superior quality ot our fertlUzers. We will further show to anyone calling at
our office letters and account sales from Nevi York and Boston commission houses stating that these melons were the finest ever received so early in the season. One of the largest and
best known growers in the State does not find the summer too hot to praise our fertilizers. .
Read what Robt. C. May,of Rockledge, Indian River, says under date of September : ,
Tlit Paine Fertilizer Co..Jacksonville Fla.: -
;_-', .%DKAH SIRS-I applied ten tons of your Orange Food No. 1 to my older bearing trees last December; hadbut little rain until a few weeks ago. I feel assured that I have a heavier
crop than ever before. Some of my trees are bending over with fruit so as to require propping. My trees are now free from red spider and rust mite, and during the long drouth my
trees did not wiltand drop their fruit as others aid. My fruit is the prettiest I haveever had. Yours etc., 9 ROBERT C. MAY.
Mr. J. M. Watrous of Tampa, Fla., has used o-ern: >tons of our Special mixtures on his groves, and gardens near Tampa, with. highly satisfactory results,exhaustive tests clearly
r demonstrating that our brands gave greater production than any other fertilizers or combinations of agricultural chemicals.
, None of the above parties are in any way connected with our company as agents or otherwise f.'Bigelow paying us.1350.00 for ten tons of our Truck Farmers' Special without any t
discounts. This we can prove at any time,or forfeit $500. ; \
We have always been cutters in the market. Our business has Increased enormously while others have fallen off as rapidly, our economical facilities for handling our goods making
impossible for others to compete with us in prices and our long experience in the fertilizer business enabling us to select only 'suchgoods as show the' very highest analysts and best
mechanical condition. <
\ The combinations of the various agricultural chemicals used in the formulas for our Special brands are the results of numerous exhaustive tests made with Florida crops oti Florida'
: oils during the past fifteen years and each season we have increased the quality of our various brands, regulating them so that each mixture would contain exactly what the orop for
1 which it was made required,and so that the ingredients would become available at the proper time, thus enabling the farmer and fruit grower to raise larger toe uneerMinty.OUR .


t li the best known regulator of soils a splendid insecticide and general lime fertilizer,containing sulphur and sulphate of ammonia. Price, $7.00 used .'
During the past spring we placed on the market a brand of Ground Stock Food composed of selected grains finely ground, such as we have for years past with marked success
i both in Charleston, S. C.,and Jacksonville. We have placed this article on the market at a low price, In order to give our customers the benefit of this. excellent. food- ,at a very' low price.
Write for circulars giving full particulars with food value and testimonials.i .
\Ve are also sole proprietors of the Cleanio.Manufacturing Company,makers"Cleanlo,"the most wonderful discovery of the age polishing gold,silver bras,tin,zinc,plated ware
I marble kitchen utensils, glass etc., eto. Circulars with directions and a sample of"Cleanlou furnished free upon application. Drop us a postal. Fautory: lf 1M, 100 and 108 B. Day St.
Write us for prices discounts and samples before purohasliAddr All quotation will be In view of great rivalry, and made with view to,- meeting- -, every; possible competitor. and .haul
*.ur* orders. M all communication to :
THE PAINE: FERTILIZER co., co w.' Bay St.;,. Jacksonville. Fla.a .







------- --------------




For. Profit and Pleasure..
1i HARDWARE AND STOVES ..... T $-1/-" 7 .




""" We are State :\Ve Have FREE! FREEE!! FREE!!!
Agents for theO

Horse We have bought the entire issue of
fn stock.
THE 8 awl G fi-rt tread. Prof. VVhitner's Gardening in Florida! ;

Florida Central & Peninsular t ,. ''t The 6 foot for use Is suitable In will mail a copy of same: to all partiei ',

I complete stock of ORANGE GROVES.
RAILROAD 00. Mower and sending u?-$2.00 renewals or new

Thi FlDl'ldl1Nmk Idqi Jlepnlr factory* on Price hand*.at 'Hilts for Prices.WE subscribers. -
0 *
-AND- CARRY A COMPLETE STOCK OF THE FAMOUS Remember you must'' send. us

$2.00 to entitle to this bookC.
A Full Line of Repairs for Same. you

Acme Orange Grove and Two-Horse Pulverizing Harrows, the Boy
Addition to it* lo t&bUJhe4 oonneoI W. DACOSTA,
bona with tie North by Dixie Cast Plows, and a full line of Farm and Agricultural Implementsof

JUv..Junction... U1.,UT and Oak Farnandlaa,CallahasJsek-, all descriptions. Agents for the Planet Jr. Horse and Hand Tools, sold rUBLISIIZK.

Ha UlJlIel.JaOpeDe4: at factory prices. Send for catalogues. FREE !

flt fkimiTilli ul HeiuVilIi Kilt ,

!.eoo&Mtlon with ti*&,T.*W.B.JL;the A Life Size Crayon Portrait of
AlarnmaQfldltnd and the!*,*N.and the HUM
leading from Chicago. St.Loula. Kansas City yourself or friends, FREE. In
and tie Jf orth, ad Wen.
' order to introduce our work in
Cincinnati to
Jacksonville and Tampa. your section of the country we

! 2rea R.ii.l.at.,fullmmn d Sleeper aU ...- _I will for a short periojl make, free

.res R.th.my Z sproe.in"nta. I of charge to any one sending in a "Tj

Tie Florida enlnI I Penfnstllar! RR. photograph, a Life Size Crayon ...

If the greatest artery" of travel through the UJU' Portrait Free. Likeness guaran- JJ.
finest part of Florida,traversing twenty-four
teed. Our made
are by a
oountfee--OadadenJeff enon,Duval Alachua., crayons TI
lAke, Leon Suwannee Nauau Levy Orange, (Q( skillful artist! and are a work of(
BWlborou. Wakuha eolumb1a, Clay,
1 Marion Polk Manatee,Mad180 Baker,Brad- art. This offer good for only aLL m
lord Sumter,Hernando and DeSOto-in theirriohe.t A"y short time-if you want to take I
r portion. It runa through the
i Ole Honda Region of Hill Country MJd-1 I advantage of it, send in your photograph l-

I the fine oldarrefsg at once to .*'*. *- ... ....js.
? Lada: and the Jfew Tobacco
farm* ;J.:1.-J: :<, :... _-
n&ckect b7 DO other&e),lame ot them 00n4uoted fiIGfi G1 ADE ART co.. 4
r on a large aoale. Here are Qulno7.
v TaJIa.h"(the capital),Monticello,Madison PLANET JR. HORSE HOB WITH LEVER AND LEVER WHEEL. 122 Qulncy St., Clcago, 1111.
and other towns, from whose comfortable,
ample dwellings reposing In a fertile country :'";
,is coming a renewed energy to "
the resources lavished about them. Stretching IRRIGATING MACHINERY FREE!
down through ,

I of Baker Bradford Alachua and Levy ooun- r
ilea,through the prosperous Carry a stock of Steam, Pumps, Boilers .A..0 A EDtrY.:
Strawberry farm Pr.pue.torBul1nellUDinnfU.
Galvanized Valves. w.., Point. Ca'alol'1le addrtu Yair .
and Pipe ...
Wrought ,
of Lawtey Starke and Waldo, perhaps superior K.A.MlInn_,BeUleJ AeadAm/.. -
In profit to the orange grove-it goes Hose Etc. Estimates furnished ;
through the heart of the State,penetratingsome 4 Fittings, ,
>> of the finest groves,one having and & FISH,
Plants in
for put complete guaranteed -
passing' for nearly a mile between them- satisfactory. Hand Spraying PRODUCE
in.&k1naIta- way southward to the Gulf,and to "
the more tropical portions of the State. In' { I Pumps of every description. Send for COMMISSION
all portions of the t State it reaohea points of MERCHANTS
Meenle Xnterott. ,, Catalogue of How and When to Spray. ,
Jio, an and 314 N. Franklin St., SaginawSide Past
Wakulla Springs in the Wont the Snwan- Nozzles, Pipe, etc., made to order in our ,Mich.
nee River,u beautiful and romantic as it is
famous Silver Spring in the lake region, machine shop. Consignments solicited and prompt returns
and the lake themselves,? with their. surrounding guaranteed.
of rolling' land interspersed with e. '
pleasant homes in green groves,sloping downto References: R. C. Dun & Co., Bradstreet'i.
the clear lake fronts. By means of this Agency; and First National Bank, Saginaw 9.
road you can most readily reach the Side. "g-6mo.
Hunting and fithing Ground
The settler will find on the line of this road UlLI I 1 MA C HAY An ., Waf. Qu.OIL
opportunity for a varied selection Mlaiap Ditchiag Irmaing.
greater H | I I Wind alld Steams H.atlltg Bolkn,**. Will
of land than on any other road in the State- : ;
ta AH i0 Sfr
xry yow fo.u for Imcgshuttle.
from lightest soil to those underlaid with : ,: 1500 E"1''t1I"g.. The American Well Works.AnroraIlU
"clay and marl and of richest hammock- also,Chicago, 111. Dallas. Tex.
Sydnrr N.
: S. W.
whether for regular mixed farming,stock or : -

orange dairy" farming groves,and peach vegetable or strawberry gardens.culture : ; : ,. NORTH CAROLINA COLLEGE,?(

.The tourist will be gratified with its scenery." I : : JIT. PLEASANT, JC. C. 4
The health-seeker on its ample route can find "
some spot adapted to his want On the hard ,, Ned MMdon wffl bean Sept Glaacieal.Bcientifia,
roads of Middle Florida the horseman and Fbfloeophieal coarse Aeadnilo Department. Pr*.'
clay pAntory for College. OonuvercUl Departmeaft, full
and the
and satisfaction
will ride speed ,
i Donna Instruction thorough and practical. Good
Florida Central"and Peninsular is the I. bri.k bu11din .. Beautiful aDd beahhlulloeaUaa. EI %-
8portman Jtoute. I I eataicgu.a. 'A week>81(JO. to 8160.00.For .
fortbarPrril it< NO'1'L-PaaI.n from Northern connections W Eev.J.D.BU1htl r. .
having ticket over the Florida Central
and Peninsular to point in South Florida I "3SBSSBS? 3 CRE1ErVN0USRt 11'TREES .
have the privilege of beta* taken into JacksonaWe FOR
over the Company* line and allowed
a .top-oTer within the going; limits destination of the IN{) "wL.E S' SxEA.Ir1 PIT1'IPS: II PUNTS
ticket with return to their route for -
freV of extra oaarge. Send for map of All 4ttt"r" 'fH'r Z!to Hay they are llecelrr W.otter aad sins deck of

+ 10r1da,mailLed free.0.1I oDONJacksonville,..Fls, THE S. B. HUBBARD COMPANY ggPKUITAI24DRNA.bfB; +4 =F&'i'JU TAtF&ta l tar .

X.L?DXIJctT01f I Tramo )[anager. ,
! .... Z LL(hneral Jl&n..1' I o JACKSONVILLE. FLA. tJ V 99.tfl

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now admitted to be the best and most prompt one for realizing the best prices for orange growers. ..

Half of the entire receipts in New York California fruits are shipped direct to and sold by me at auction.Results ','

have that the middle-men is useless to the who and make direct
proved a expense grover, can save money by consigning 1:

to me. ,

1 My. location, in the heart of the New York fruit trade, and my long-experience. in handling Florida fruits, enables me


Account Sales and Check Mailed to the Shippers thD y After'

: the Fruit is Received. .
_. d .
: 1.r. -. ":'.);:.:: I it.: ,-

-:'' ,
:JF J-
.. ;
f-terms, stencils, weekly'market report and other information, address .:.-.:T .

m .


-. E. L. GOODSEI/L: Domestic Fruit Auctioneer.

'. ,- 103 Park Place,, Nl t 'T

.. .;

Lookout for, the announcement. of sailing day of the first export steamer. _

e .

.,''"Metsif. Latard Puree, bankwi, 10 Wall itreet, New York: Southern National Bank, Wall street, New York ; The National :Broadway Bank, Broadway, Niw'York:;
rh4Irring] National Bank, Greenwich street,New York and tht commercial: agenoiea.


oesapeua41ag a solution a part was accldtntly spilled oa tat hand
aj>4 SB waahlag. afterward It was discovered that the hair was com.ietely .
removed. We at once put this wonderful preparation on the
w ket had so great has been the demand that we are now Introducing
House IfcthroBghoat Us world under the name of Queen's Anti-lialrine,
Lay the hair over and apply the mixture for a few minutes and the
Mir ..ppeart..11 by magic without the slightest pain or injury when
JJ\CKS0.NYILLE.: FLA: applied evsr afterward. It isunllke aDY other preparationever usM
fer a like p.rpose. Thousands of LAD1Fgwhohave beed annoyed
with hair o.their 7'A CX.NECK and ARMS attest Its nerlU.GKN1XKMKN .
TURNS OUT THE BEST STYLE OF PRINTING who doaot appreciate a beard or hair on their neck,
_" fse1 a priceless o D'ln Queen's Anti>Halrinewhich doe. away
T with Shavln*. by rendering Its future growth an titter impossibility
AT THE LOWEST RATES. Pries of Queen AatJ-Halrlas ft.per bottle, seat IB safety oH.postage paid by ns(securely
sealed from ebservatf fall ,
) Bead moasy er staaps by letter with addreeswritten plainly Oorreeyeadsaee -
.; strictly eodfldeatlal. This advertisement la honest and, straight forward In every word Iteoatalns.
We lavlts you to desl with M aid you will find everything as represented. CUt this out and
send-dar. Address QUEEN CHEMICAL CO., 174 Race Street, CINCINNATI O. Yon eau
register your letter at any Post Office to Insure,Its safe delivery. W a will payJKOO for any case:
of rai>are or slightest injarr to any pnrehaser. Every bottle gu arante ..'Elllt-'l'o I | ladles wao bat7oc!...and sen aaeac their Mends Bottles of Qne a'r Adtl-Bairiae.
wtU preeeat with a aZXJC DKXSa,iTrartfa beet aUk.Bxtra Lane Bottle aaA.... .
of sOk to selsetfresa seat with order. Ctood sales or OemsUsslsm te Agcata.

or would exchange for tearing grove and pay
ITS CAUSES AND CURE, cash difference Forty acres of rich Pine Ram-
.X Scientifically treated by an anrist of world-wide mock land. Thirty acres cleared,. together with
Deafness eradicated and
reputation. entirely # mile lonq with dock and
cured of from ao to 30 years' standing after au dank causeway '
mile from ,
x Grabamville Ocklawaha
other treatments hare How the difficulty
Kivsr miles from Silver AddressA.
;4 Springs.
is reached and the cause removed fully explained
in circulars, with affidavits and testimonials TREADWEL.L.PR .
of cures from prominent people mailed Conn.

free.Dr.. A. FONTAINE, 19 East uth St., N. Y.

$, 5to$15 p:.d:nLI

seewlatJ..lnvs.wrw..r...... 1'1&&M 11.
... .
W J.w.l" sad a.Say.
,N aU tta4.a.,nwtttt
seta,II1nt ar at.kai.rr. .
arp.eias...... Jr..taI...
::t Ivan r w t da a..d.tag -
platlag.1d.wtM 1naIeIal.ax.tr..Msd..w .

The Manufacture of Blank Books 04 Iaa.Obus D.) E.DZLPO>ss%0-

a Specialty. TRUCKING I.AND without expensive
machinery or even artesian wells. A black: soil, HARROWS AND CULTIV ATOnS.
several feet in depth,level as a floor free from I keep in stock seven styles,cnttlnr in widtk(
SEND FOR PRICES. timber,which can be flooded by the closing of agate from two((2))to six ((6)) feet, at price from$i..o
at the mouth of the ditch cfi-ainingthel'tadc. toji.so. Send for aalo=ue. .
GHAS. W. DACOSTA Proprietor. Forparticu1anaddreN GSQ. W. HASTnrG,Interlachem x.8.HUBBABJD,GetS.State Axeol.Feslsnl
,Fla relit' ,Vk

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I Clyde Steamship Co. PATRONIZE A HOME ENTL1


The magnificent Steamships of this Line are ap-

.pointed.sail as follows, calling at Charleston, S. C.,

Both ways : .
J From New York., From Jacksonville,
I (Pier 29. n. R.) STEAMER Florida.

Monday, Sept. 26th, at 3 P. M."ALGONQUIN.Sunday, Oct. ad,at 1230 P. x I
Wednesday,Sept.28tb, at 3 P.M........"SEMINOLE." .......Tuesday, Oct. 4th. at 1:30: ?. M
Sept. 30th. at 3 P. M....;....."IROQUOIS"........Thursday, Oct. 6th, at 4=00 A. M
Monday, Oct. 3d. at 3 p. x........."CHEROKEE,..... Sunday, Oct. 9th, at 6:00 A.MWednesdayOct.
sth.ats P.M..... .YEMASSHE.TuesWiy. Oct. that 8OOA.X
Friday, Oct. jth at 3 P. M......."ALGONQUIN,".......Thursday Oct. xsth at to:oo A. M
Monday Oct. loth, at 3 P. M........ SEMINOLE," ........Sunday, Oct. 16th, at IOOP. M
Wednesday izth, at 3 P.M..IROQUOIS..Tuesd y, Oct. I8th,at t:30P.M .- r.
Friday Oct. 14th, at 3 P. x........CHEROKEE,"...... Thursday, Oct. 20th, at 4:00 A. M s*
Monday Oct. I7th,at 3 P.M..YEMASSEE..Sunday. Oct. 23dat SJO.4..MWednesaay _
Oct. I9th at 3 P. M.ALGONQUIN,".... ,..Tuesday, Oct. 25th at 7:00 A. M
3 Friday, Oct. 21st, at 3 P.M..SEMINOL1t.Thursday. Oct. 27th. at :3o A. M
i Monday Oct. 24th, at 3 P.M..IROQUOIS.Sunday., Oct.3oth, at 11:30 A. MWednesday .' ,
t Oct. 26th, at 3 p. M."CHE OKEE,".... .Tuesday, Nov. 1st, at 1:00 p. M
Friday Oct. 28th, at 3 p. M."YEMASSEE," ....' ..Thursday, Nov. 3d, at 3:30 A. M
Monday, Oct. 31St, at 3 p. ."ALGONQUIN,"...Sunday, Nov. 6th, at 5 30 A. M

Steamer Jotutx Gr. Christopher; :

>For Sanford, Enterprise and Intermediate Points on FROM NEW YORK. FROM JACKSONVILLE.

the St. Johns River. October 8 and 22, Novembers and 19. October 14 and 28, November xi and 25.Between .

o '4. Hits steamship has been built especially for cqrrylna Fruit and Vegetables, and The elegant Iron Side-Wheel Steamers perfectly ventilated. Time between Jacksonville and Heir :York 73 hours.W. .

.": "Ci"ty of JLack: onville," CHRISTOPHER
.. Agent, Jacksonville. Agent, New York, Gen'l Man'r,Jacksonville.Office .
Capt. W. A. SHAW.'E'red 154 Maiden Lane.
I "
$ Are appointed to sail from Jacksonville daily except Saturday, at 3.30 p. m., and from Sanford .
daily except Sunday, at 9 a. m.

.. General Passenger and Ticket Office, 88 West Bay St., Jacksonville. 53 to 55 hours between Savannah, New York and Philadelphia, and

tI I JOHN L. HOWARD, Florida Freight Agent, foot Laura Street Jacksonville Fla. between Boston and Savannah, 65 to 70 hours.
F. IRONMONGER, Jr., Florida Passenger Agent, 88 West Bay St., Jacksonville Fla.
MARSHALL II. CLYDE, Assistant Traffic Manager 5 Bowling Green, New York.
I W. F. OGDEN FAY, Traveling Passenger Agent S Bowling Green, New York.
TIIEO. G. EGER, Traffic Manager, 5 Bowling Green, New York. OCEAN STEAMSHIP COMPANY.FROM
4 J. A. LESLIE, Superintendent, foot Laura Street Jacksonville Fla. .

' WM. P. CLYDE & CO., Gen'l Agents,
: : e RL:1te-il1: :
12 South Delaware Avenue, Philadelphia. 5 Bowling: Green, New York.ISTILIiIAM .
-------- Jacksonville and New York: First-class, $25.60 ; Intermediate, $19.00; Excursion, $43.5*
.uSr.A.HLISHED 1''L.:: Steerage, 1250.
Jacksonville and Boston : Cabin, $27.00; Intermediate $21.00; Excursion, $47.30; Steerage $14.25
,jXhe: magnificent Steamships of this Company are appointed to sail as follows:


[Central or 900 Meridian Time.]

j WHOLESALE Chattahoochee ...'....................................................Saturday, Oct. 1st, I.OO p.m
Nacoochee ...........................................................Monday, Oct. 3d, 3.00 p.m
City of Birmingham.... .........................................Wednesday,Oct. 5th, 4.30 p.m
'Grain Garden Seeds and Fertilizers City of Augusta.......................................... .............Friday, Oct. 7th, 6.ooa.m
Tallahassee .... .................................................... .Saturday, Oct. 8th, 6.30 p.ni
Kansas City. ........ ................................................Monday, Oct. loth, 8.00 p.m
II Chattahoochee ... ,..............................................Wednesday Oct. I2th, 10.30 a.m
20 WEST BAY STREET, JACKSONVILLE, FLA. Nacoochee .. ........"..................... ...............................Friday, Oct. I4th. 12.30 p.m
City of Birmingham ............ ...................................Saturday, Oct. 15th, 1.30 p.m
d I HANDLE ONLY THE BEST AND MOST RELIABLE SEEDS. A COMPLETE STOCK. City of Augusta ...... ............. .................................Monday, Oct. 17th, 3.30 p.m
Tallahassee .................................?'....................Wednesday, Oct. 19th, 5.00 p.m
Kansas City.............................................................Friday, Oct. 21st, 6.00 a.m
t I Hay Corn Oats Flour r Bran Wheat .Grits Meal Chattahoochee.. ....................................... ... ...... Saturday, Oct. 22d. 6.30p.m
Nacoochee........................... ...........................:....Monday, Oct. 24th, 7.30 p.m
City of Birmingham..............................................Wednesday, Oct. 26th, 8.00 p.m
COTTON SEED MEAL, Both Bright and Dark. City of Augusta... ............................................. .......FrIday, Oct. 28th, 10.30 a.mTallahassee
............................................................Saturday, Oct. 29th 11.30 a.m
t Kansas City......................... ..................................Monday, Oct. 31st, 2.oop.m
J. E. Tygert& Co. S City of Savannah....................................................Saturday. Oct. tat, i.oop.m
NITRATE SODA City Macon:: .........................................................Tuesday,Oct. 4th, 4.00 p.m
Star Brand Fertilizers Gate City.. ............................. ...................,...........Sunday, Oct. 9th, 7.30 a.ni
MURIATE City of Savannah ........................ ...... ..................Thursday, Oct. I3th 11.30a.m
QUARANTEED a ALTI$, OF POTASH, City of Macon .......... .................................:/"...........Sunday, Oct. i6th 12.oom
co prwnr .. Gate City................................................................Friday Oct. aist, 6.oop.m
B_ iHK SULPHATE POTASH, City of Savannah........................ ... ............ ..........Tuesday, Oct. 25th, 7.30 pjn
Orange>' Tree and Vegetable City of Macon..........................................................Friday, Oct. aSth, 10.30&.m

( Ship does NOT Carry Passengers.)

Tbe'r F't'rtitlE hnvf no.tit>fTlor In the market .nd *.trial will l convince' Dessong............;.........................................,..........Sunday, Oct. 9th. 7.30 a..
Dessoug..............................................................Wednesday, Oct. 19th,5.00 p.m
GREAT OFFER VtJ'T'V' UPRIGHT PIANOS. Dessoug.....................................................................Sunday, Oct. 9th, 1.3oaim_.


Organs, IN UNITED STATES. Connecting with the Savannah Florida and Western Railway (Waycros Short Line), offer to the.
$85 Always ready for QUICK SHIPMENTS of Finest Traveling Public:and Shippers advantages equalled by: no otherjine.
Pianos and Organs Direct to Your Homes.701Irhom. Through Ticket and Bills of Lading issued to principal points North East and Northwest via
Oa trial la
Savannah. For information and rooms apply to
S ,
tutor From REV.JAS. M. POTTS D.D. editor-of Michigan B. R. PRICE Soliciting Agent W.H.LUCAS Fla. Pass.Agent,
p.ytat for Christian Advocate,DetroltMiCh.: "To say that I 77 West Bay Street,Jacksonville. 77 West Bay Street J Jacksonville
them.Addrett. we are delighted with the Piano does not express R. WALKER,Agent, C. G.ANDERSON Agent.i'
the fact. We are jubilant. If all your instruments New Pier No.35,North River, New York. City Exchange Building Savannah Ga.
Tb T :Son Pianos lit Organs, are as fine in appearance and as pleasing in tone as RICHARDSON & BARNARD.Agents,Lewis' Wharf, Boston. '
BEAVER FALLS PA this one,your patrons will rise by the hundred." W. JAMES, Agent, 13 S.Third Street, Philadelphia.J. .
). HASHAGEN Eastern Agent, Sav., Fla.&Western Ry.Co.,261 Broadway. N. Y.
:;;From PROF. B. H. PECK, Valhennoso Springs Ala.: "We could not be pleased better with A.DeW.SAMPSON, General Agent, W. E.ARNOLD, Gen. Tray Pass. Agt., Jacksonville,Fla.
the casing or tone;quick in response and melodious. In short we are highly pleased with the organ." 306 Washington St., Boston. W. H. RHETT, General Agent
Front B. D. GRIGGS" Adairsrille Ga.: "I am well pleased with the organ in every respect. It is For Tickets apply to S., F. & W.Railway office. 317 Broadway, New York.DO .
all yon claim it to be.
From Y. M. C. A., per T. G. COOLEY Hillsboro.lN. C.: "The organ gives entire satisfaction.
Every one who has seen it is very much pleased with the instrument and the price on the same."
need of kind
stationery -
From BEN. F. STEELE, Prescot. Ark.: family well pleased; every respect with the you any paper
pens and ink? If so, send to Da Costa Print- U1E SICKL va
rgan. How you sell them so cheap is a wonder ng and Publishing House Jacksonville, Fla r

8A CfcMtor Wllto,
SP.QQe Late.t Irpr.v.d Gz5 Cbeape.t. Or Perf.eU. udSaptr. : r.tM Cklaa
.Pansj*.tlr tb*ttU uld a.o Uis ly.ad.in.prsy 100 Tree.Per liar.j G.erM7 tad I lub'eel to SPASMS an mo.f IJhJy tI"ollbl.. wtlTh.
m.kk. .L1U1 6c.Gad fiaresll E......k pnyera..4. .'II.v..... 1,s.. filBnuum.. Tfcomchtrol .b..t r+m.di; for W t I.... ..a.w.teC
.ptty......u..t.N.oe.l cpny..i l.U th.-.rt..AJ8e a B....P... a at leY priee.w. Potltrr.; Hutlng \'B.A.FAHNESTOCK'.VIRMIFU .
.r.1 ..Pvple at.b&lM&1e "rttoe Caa1.du. j i B..DII07eanl.ntue&Ddnev.rfaU.. 0bMri. .
i4NYpal'sLrD11i'o: C=PaL'P *. Iv...i.0C1POT I C..I'..... that the InItt&ll an Ltka.TekUAC s.lJ p.rt1p.Ludy --.,


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-> <- FER TILIZERS.] a

and Bone, OhioaKO Bone 11rIea1, '. y

e :1Tint round, Bon.e, Dark and Br1ht: Cotton Seed Meal, {

Animal Bone and P01a..sh, Tobaoo9. Stems: ,. .

Blood, .;::8021. and :E ota: lh, Canada Hard "Wood Ashes,

'.Pulverized Animal: Bone, Sulphate of Potash, &0. .




ape B. WILSON, 50 West Bay Street, Jacksonville, Fla. :

.-, .
President. Vice-President.
H. T. BAYA, THOS.' W. CONRAD, By: Buying the FERTILIZERS' that are Manufactured by the OLD ESTABLISHED
l Cashier. Assistant Cashier. .1

$100,000. and RELIABLE FIRM, The .



Respectfully solicits yours Deposits, Collections and General / OF PAWTUCKET, R. I., _v. .. .
xc .
,: Banking Business.CORRESPONDENCE. These FERTILIZERS are made especially for the 'A t-:'

and Growers of Florida '
: INVITED. Orange, Vegetable Pineapple .

i Southern Office and Warehouse at Jacksonville, Florida. .

John L. Marvin, A. B. Campbell, Chas. Marvin, O. B. WEEKS State Agent* -,
Jas. P. Tallaferro, T.W. Roby, Judge R. B.Archibald, I.
W. B. Clarkson, C. B. Rogers, W. M. Davidson,
Dr. H; Robinson. John E. Hartrldge. No. 8 Bostwick Block.
rI Catalogue describing our Fertilizers, with prices and testimonials, sent free
a OF .
upon application"

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t. -

all fowls sent
f .- HEREAFTER by express, .
will go at one-half the former
M.. rates-a great saving to my cus
"' tomers. This is by special ar
rangement, and is confined to Bowker'sOrange
fowls from my yards. .
We are the largest breeders of
',1 thoroughbred poultry in Florida.
., Come and.see our stock or send, '
tF for our illustrated catalogue and :
price list of 14 varieties. Grower.r
;i Poultry supplies of all kinds.
,. Incubators and Brooders, Shell .
; and Bone Mills, Clover Cutters.
? Wire Netting,Desiccated Fish and
t J Boiled Blood and Bone to make
4 ,,, .. hens lay. >RIGHT, FIRM FRUIT that holds on until it is
-,- s
< < h.m'. L GS TO HATCH.E. i L) picked; a strong, healthy, vigorous growth of

.\V. AMSDEN, both tree and fruit are the results reported by large

Ormond, Fla.IF and experienced planters in Florida who are using
- --
-- Musical- -Perfection- this popular Fertilizer. It supplies to the tree at the

I la what you seek In bijinf a Plane proper time, in the proper form, and in the proper
Lowest writs New ai York about Prices proportions,all the elements to bring perfect, healthy

-or THETEINWAY- maturity.

and take no other.
Ask ayIllusicIa GROWER are also special complete Fertilizers,
carefully and scientifically compounded for the purposes
about the mentioned, and are extensively used in Florida. Bow-


combination for those requiring these ingredients.
We are Wholesale Southern Agents.
4 r Chemicals at market rates.BOWER .
for ibeae celebrated instruments,and you can buy from ua aa
easily, cheaply, and laTely by mall, as in person. Ask .
any Send for Illustrated Catalogue, Free.
LUDDEN & BATES, Savannah, Ga.



V eharurod pn-pamtDrr school of the highf t rrpnU The 8taa4lard)14chlae
inn and auce..e. hrecord perfect. CbarcMlow.tidnu Dir r nt situ and prteti. Xll rtnU4 Catalogue tre.
Joai liar t,21Jk.U.of Va.BowllugQreeaVa. TMK> BLTMYCK lite W9KIU CO.UaeUvatl..0.
.. ..,,- .-- '

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