<%BANNER%>

UFPKY NEH LSTA SLAF



Florida farmer & fruit grower
ALL ISSUES CITATION SEARCH THUMBNAILS MAP IT! PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055765/00245
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: S. Powers
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: August 11, 1892
Frequency: weekly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note: Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038466
oclc - 01387403
notis - AKM6256
lccn - sn 95026761
System ID: UF00055765:00245
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen

Full Text
.' -.......- "., L 1 """''!''IL !-'
..." :-'" ._ 'P '

.

.

..1- .
-
-

: ,. ').'. .
.":," '.





III LO RIDA DISPATCH

ESTABLISHED,


1 1869flLAIIfla

;


FARMERS ALLIANCESEMITROPI'CALMAGAZIN.E


: : f I

4IuuIjAI r.&JI
'. CONSOLIDATED JANUARY 1889.

';,.

DACOSTA & POWERS, NEW SERIES
Proprietor. JACKSONVILLE, FLA., AUGUST 11, 1892. Whole No. 1237 Vo,. No. .

.
---- -

BLAKE &AGENTS RIPLEY, fASTI'tGS' 11EWC1TThUOGTJE Geo. S.MANUFACTURERS Hacker OF& Son,


'to. FLORIDA FRUIT EXCHANGE, Will be ready for distribution about August 15th. It contains w CD

=
S. 57 CHATHAM ST., BOSTON. Valuable Instructions for the Gardeners of Florida and other parts of the SouthIt
Price Catalogues of weekly sales tarnish!
y'. on application. contains 40 pages and is well illustrated. It will be sent to each one of our .cg ..

O.W.BARNETT.ESTABLISHED IBM.J. H.BARNETT' customers of past years, and to anyone on application.SEND 3:

YOUR NAME FOR IT NOW. 0c
BROS.:, -
s BARNETT AGENTS H. G. HASTINGS &, CO., o -a

1 SEEDSMEN AND FLORISTS INTERLACHEN FLA.
FLORIDA FRUIT EXCHANGE. oC cg

Wholesale Commission, Fruits &nd Tegetables.iToaipt 1888-1892. "_ ,.. ..

.. return Stencil 159 South on Water8trtroet.application. CbleaatiPALMER I And Building Meterial.CHARLESTON .
, SYSTEM I IGATIOtl.
5 5 RIVENBURG & CO., FRA lILkI1 OF
S. C.

C.SUCCESSORS S. PALMER TO THE MOST EEDNOMIEAt RELIABLE AND EFFIE1EHT. BENTON & UPSON

166 Jieade Street,JVetr York. ,
SOUTHERN PRODUCE A SPECIALTY. In Successful Use Since 1888in
Oranges Lemons, Pineapples, and all other
Fruits and early truck, also dried fruits,nuts, tJAC {SONVIhhE, FhA.,
furs.etc. Orange Groves and Vegetable Gardens in size from six acres to one
All consignments promptly remitted for. Sten-
hundred and .
dls and market reports furnished free. seventy-five acres.I
References: Bradstreets,and established mer- have and tested of light steel IRRIGATING
chants and banks of the South. perfected, by use, an arrangement
tubes as a substitute for the perishable hose.JAMES.
T ILLY & CO.,

Jl'v;. WHOLESALE FRANKLIN, MACHINERY
i ., Montverde, Fla.
FRUITS AND PRODUCE. ,

GENERAL 'v. Southernmost Establishment in U. S. BOTH
COMMISSION I MERCHANTS. V ROINtA
Apt' ESTABLISHED 1883. Steam and Horse Power.
218 King Street, Chattanooga,Tcnn.onalJnmenh B
Solicited. t a Rare new fruits;Shrubbery;Ornamental plants-Palms!,Orchids,Ferns,
t
% V lh Bamboos, Cactus, Conifers,Aquatics. Stock safely shipped over the whole
THE 3 world. Fine illustrated catalogue of 100 pages sent on receipt of JO('. Clean

AMERICAN EXOTIC NURSERIES. oo' ,,, ..0r healthy stock. Low prices.: Pipe, Pipe Fitting, Brass .
'u.oPt REASONER BROS., Onece, Flu.BOONE'S '""
Valve Hose Etc.
Sew, Rare and Elegant Plants of Every r
Description' ;
EARLY ORANGE.The '
Palms, Orchids, Cacti and Bamboos. WRITE FOR ESTIMATES.

Shade and ornameatal trees and shrubs for South- earliest desirable Orange known; very delicious, highly flavored, well shaped,thin skin,but b
ern lawns and gardens. Choice exotic plants little pulp or rag, full of juice and almost seedless.
for the greenhouse or
conservatory.
ORANGE AND LEMON TREESin TREES AND BUDS NOW ON SALE. FRUIT TREES

all the leading varieties,budded from bearing I also have a fine assortment of other choice: Budded Orange and Grapefruit Trees at LIVING
trees on our own grounds and guaranteed PRICES. FOR

All the New and true Desirable to name. Tropical C. A. BOOGIE, Agent, [7.214t] Oflando, Fla. SOUTHERN ORCHARDS\
Fruit Our 88 page Illustrated and Descriptive
Catalogue for 1892 tells all about these things,and Write for Catalogue and price: list.
is sent free to applicants.. AddressR. JOHN CLARK SON & CO. JENNINGS' NURSERY CO., .
D. HOYT, Manager Thoinaftville, Ga.
Seven Oaks, Fla. .

SULTRY FOOD I Itk GROCERS AND COMMISSION I! MERCHANTS, SCAR LET orCRI MSO CltDUEIl

A BOON TO AGRICULTURE.
-
-DEALERS IN- We have the variety that is rated and acclimated
We offer pedigree'; need crop of'92, Inspected
4/Jt Wines Tobacco Etc. and guaranteed, in sealed bags. For the
[Coal Grain Liquors Cigars
Hay, Scarlet Clover Bulletin,No. :16, of the Delaware ..
Agricultural Experiment Station, circulars
:! ,
Trade Mark. JACI SOXVILLE, FLA. prices etc., address the growers-.The Delaware "
Fruit Exchange. SAY'!. }I. DERBY,
S. HOLLIS CANNED MEAT FOR POULTRYWill Sec'y,Wood.Ide,Delaware. 6-9-41
Make Hens Lay I PRICE LIST 0. 'VIIISKEY. ..... .
Will Make Chickens Grow! Parker.$1 2'6 J.Martin n.e...................:.......83 00 Six dais crlM? than & x
AND GOOD FOR MOULTING FOWLS. Orange.alley........................... 2 00 Virginia Glades .............. ......... -I 00 any Tartf'IY to red tttAgricmrt >.
This food is strictly fresh meat, carefully Spring'.alle)....... .. ................. 2 60 I Old Bourbon ............ ................ 5 00 at Oi neva.Ex.K Y.Ground Color
seasoned and :North Carolina Corn................... 260 Kentucky Sour Marsh .... ............ n; 00 'fenS.b"blte '
cooked ground fine, hermetically Clifton Club ............ .......... .... Old aker................... ......... 600 leader, sweet and palp dllctous. .
sealed in 8-lb. cans. Being ground fine,it can Montrose Velvet............. .S 8600 The only gape'
be readily mixed with soft,food and fed so as to that rank Ant bobbin.
Jugs Extra: Ont gallon, 25C.i; two gallon,Soc.. three gallon,75C. Remit W'Dod office: moneyotder.chtek A earliness and quality.
'
-
give each: fowl an equal share. Price 30 cents or rtgistered letter. We rn not ship C.O. D. todry ttwns. i I'1 I Each: vine. sealed with
per can; $3.00 per dozen. Address HOLLIS A complete price list of Groceries. and Wine Lift,tent free on application.. I '- '" car mark wittered label. Send m forUK &'
DRESSED MEAT & WOOL CO., 20 North, SON '!!a.eu.....' tun., e Information. Agent wasted
Boston,Mass. [Mention paper] JOHN CLARK, & CO. A4dreas SIEJ 1i4TI"8. ...oN& New '"anau.C'r -




6

L



I "' -_____-....'. .,, -' ..... -- ,
i .
;
.





f

622 THE FLORIDA DISPATCH, FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. [AUGUST 11, 1892 .


.

D. .. USE ;> .,. .
t, _. .



THE EUllEK1\ INSECTICIDE


f t

To destroy the insects infesting the Orange Trees. It is



THE BEST AND CHEAPEST MATERIAL ,

9
That can be made for the purpose. It will kill the insects without injuring the trees.


Spraying Outfits in great variety at Manufacturers' prices. Bangor, Pine and Gum Orange Boxsides.Dry .


Pine Box-heads. Dressed and Square-cut Birch and Mixed Hoops. r


Orange Wraps, Ladders, Clippers, Nails, Etc. .
'
Send :for Circu.lars and: Price Dist.r :.

,,' E. BEAN, Jackson-vile, Fla.

.


:.." SULPHUR SOLUTION

"0 (INSECTICII>E)


Is the most effective compound yet discovered for destroying the insects infesting the orange tree, and is a sovereign

remedy fbi the various forms of fungi on trees and plants. Being free from all substances of a caustic, corrosive or pois-

onous nature, it can be handled with perfect safety to the person, and applied to the trees at any stage of growth without

injury.This ,
insecticide has been used by some of the largest orange growers in the State during the past two years, and has

given perfect satisfaction. References furnished on application.For .

Rust Mite use one quart to fifty gallons of water. When used at this strength the trees should be sprayed for

the Rust Mite twice a month through the season. Where labor constitutes the principal item of expense in spraying treesit

is better and cheaper to use the Insecticide at full strength, viz.: One gallon of solution to 50 gallons of water, as the

fumes from the Insecticide will kill the Rust Mite even if the solution should not happen to touch them. In using the

Insecticide at this strength it will save three or four sprayings through the season, thereby reducing the cost from one-

third to one-half.: This is an Advantage Possessed by no Other Preparation of Sulphur. If used in this manner it

will also kill the other insects that may be moving on the trees.

For Red Spider and Scale, use one gallon to fifty gallons of water. General directions for using sent on application.Price .

20c. Per Gallon, in barrels. If there is no agent in your vicinity, write for price delivered.

Spraying Apparatus furnished to our customers at cost. '


McMASTER & MILLER, San Mateo and Citra, Fla.

_


.z SAVANNAH FLORIDA & WESTERN RAILWAY


D$1. -
' l
1. THE .!. FLORIDA .?. DISPATCH ... LINE &t

WITH THE MAGNIFICENT CONNECTIONS. '

The Great Fast Express Freight System of the South.


The attention of shipper is directed to the Plant S. SLtae between Havana, Key West and Tampa, and South Florida Railway between Tampa and Sanford;S.,F. &W.Ry.between Jacksonville
Gainesville, Bainbridge Rivet:Junction and Savannah;Savannah: and Charleston,and Ocean Steamship Line between Savannah, Philadelphia, Boston and New York and Merchants and Miners
Uttt?)rtatlon Cj-upmy between Savannah and Baltimore. The best equipped,fastest and most prompt lines between all points in Florida and all points North and Northwest.
Receivers and Shippers Will Profit by the Following Unparalleled Connections:
"
XORTJI BOroJ. SOUTH nouyD. '".
Double daily fast freight service for all ,points West via Albany, Jesup, Bainbridge and Double daily fast freight service from all points North and West via Albany, Bainbridge Jesup
- Savannah. 0 0 and Savannah to all points in Florida; fast freight trains both via Gainesville JacbonvUle'eaua..
Daily fast freight all rail connection via the Atlantic Coast Line to all tern 0 Interior and han and Live Oak.
Coast. points,including New York,Boston, Philadelphia,Baltimore,Washingt' *>and Providence. Four ships a week by the fleet steamships of the Ocean Steamship Company, sailing from New
t Four.connections a' week'for New York via Ocean Steamship Company aving Savannah York:(New Pier 35,North River,)direct for Savannah Monday,Wednesday,Friday and Saturday.
ndays,Wednesdays,Fridays and Saturdays. The Boston and Savannah Steamship Company's steamers will leave Boston Aug.4. it. iS and
Two connections a week for Baltimore,vialeaving Merchants' and Miners' Transportation Company, 25 for Savannah direct,making connection on the dock at Savannah with fast freight trains for all
' Savannah every Wednesday and Saturday. points in Florida.'I..
o ,Connections for Boston via Boston and Savannah Steamship Company, leaving Savannah Aug. From Philadelphia: via Ocean Steamship Co.,leaving Philadelphia Aug.5, 15, 25 every ten days i
4,II,18 and 25. from regular sailing day via New York to Savannah.
Connections for Philadelphia every ten days via Ocean Steamship Company, leaving Savannah From Baltimore via Merchants and Miners'Transportation Co., every Tuesday and Friday .
August to,so ana joth making dose connection: with S.,F. 4 W.Ry.,for all points in Florida. .
:Sailing days for Steamships are subject tochan without notice. ;;
.he Florida' Dispatch Line Is the_quickest and best freight route from all points North East and West to Florida. For fullpal'tlculal's., rates,stencils and shipping : ..
receipts apply to any agents of the above lines, or to . WM. p. IIf\nDE-.GeD: 'r Freight ..Agent Savannah Gaxf' :t
'
9.D..; OWENS,Traffic Manager_:, Savannah. Ga. F. B. PAPY,Asst.Traffic Manager, Savannah, Ga. W. )(. DAVIDSON Gen'l Passenger Agt.,Jacksonville,:,rial "'.
f. P. JORDAN Tray. Agent, Qulncy. )i' > :tJ 7ft))p ){ <-T A I.I'J O S Ij] ; J. E. DRAYTON Tray. Agent.Jack*tavllle.- '{ ,*.:**9 '



.
8



.
-








.
'
-

DlSPflTCH :

o .. 0

j.: ,;



f.\.\ RHERFRU1TROW.ER.I "



--.
-- -
$2.OO PER YEAR1 JACKSONVILLE AUGUST 11, 1892. T82.00 PER YEAR-

I .
Croce and Orchard reliable firms, ignore all others, and i if I the daily destruction of insect life larvae, but allow him an occasional
you are swindled spend some moneyto equal to 312 insects, or, for the 35 persimmon or peach as ungrudginglyas
'Some Results of Shipping expose the rascals pro bono publico.H. days, 10,910. But each pair rears possible. The redhead of'-today.is
\V. O. MARGARY. two broods each season, which would about as omnivorous a creature as our
Editor Firmer and Fruit-Grower:
The "will-not-be-downed" questionof usti.. double the figures already obtained, common domestic fowls that strut
--. .-- making as a total, 21,820 insects destroyed around our barn yards. Were it not
transportation rates and commissionmen Practical Ornitholosry. of birds in for his
by one pair rearing aggravating habit of? tearing
is ever before us. Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: their young. Granted that the rest of open the corn shuck, eating a few
Rural gives some good points in his The average man engaged in farm- the time they eat fruit, are they not grains and leaving the rest to sour and
communication and recites facts of ing or fruit growing, as a means of obtaining entitled to it for this wholesale destruc- rot, we could regard him more favor-
a livelihood, gives but little tion of insect life? Considering that ably. But the damage done to the
receipts so I will follow and state whatI
thought to the various forms of animal there are at least six pair of birds farmer in this way is no small amount,
learned.I life around him,excepting those which around each orchard, one can readilysee and until we can learn more regarding
have never yet had but a few boxes bear directly upon his vocation. He I I how valuable these birds are to us. his usefulness we can, with a clear con.
from my young grove. never considers whether he is being But the agriculturists have other science, wage war on the redhead.
My neighbor, Mr. Frank W. Savage profited or not by the happy birds friends among the birds ; the much Concerning the little orchard wood-
told that he had that daily may be seen hopping aroundin persecuted shrike or butcher bird is peckers, the downy, hairy aid Texan
me shippedto the garden or diligently searchingfor without question as valuable as the sapsuckers, they deserve the especial
W. Weinert &00., of Philadelphia, the tender larvae that the orchard's mocking bird. While the mockingbird protection of the fruit grower, as they
and always received good and prompt foliage conceals. He sees the birds eats fruits, the shrike never does. never disturb the fruit, ana rid the
returns, and also that he was recom- perhaps, if at all, devouring and peck. He subsists entirely on animal food. trees of many an insect that would
mended to that firm by Smith Bros., : ing his choice fruits and without Rearing, as he goes, two broods of otherwise live and thrive, to the detri-
further observations as to the good young each season, he destroys an : ment of the orchard.In .
New York who for
of Geneva twelve
they are to him, as compared with the enormous number of insects. The conclusion, then protect the birds,
years had shipped from their four harm done, he votes the. entire bird I shrike has a bad name on account of and they will protect you.
hundred and fifty acre fruit farm all family an unnecessary nuisance, and his habit of occasionally preying on A. S. QUAINTANCE.Archer .
their consignments to the Quaker Cityto does his part in wiping out from this smaller birds, but we are glad to know Fla., July 213, 18g2.
this firm, and have never had the fair land of ours those creatures that that it is the exception rather than the We are not so sure about the sap-
least fault to find in any way.I are so very essential to our success as rule; an exception for which we can sucker. On two occasions a single
gathered fruit 15th and 16th of .agriculturists.Now not greatly blame him, when consid- sapsucker has committed havoc on a
March, packed carefully, sized and this is all wrong. We should ering his enormous appetite and the number of the finest trees in our grove,
rejected all poor fruit. I only had protect and encourage the birds in frequent scarcity of insect life. boring forty or fifty holes in each,
twenty-five boxes, of which all but every possible manner, and that we The little sparrowhawk,. the small. purely and simply for the sap. We
five were from 150 to 226, and one of may better protect them, we should est of our Florida hawks, deserves were obliged to make a special hunt
250 size. I shipped by express, as it know something about their utility, mention as being useful to the farmer. for each of these arrant robbers* lying
was so late in the season I fearedto should know how important a part His food consists chiefly of mice, liz- in wait until we got an opportunity!
risk an all rail freight of perhaps they play in the wise economy of na ards, beetles, grasshoppers, etc., whichhe shoot him.-ED.
eight or more days en route. I placedin finds by searching the fields, follow -
ture.To
each box a postal card addressed to demonstrate in a very superficialmanner ing the plow, and pouncing down upon Marketing the Mango. ;
myself and asked especially for an-. the usefulness of our feathered the unearthed unfortunate, or sitting Editor Farmer and Fi nit-Grower: ?
swers as to "date and place of pur-' friends, is the purpose of this article. motionless upon some snag. His eagle I know that a great many of your
chase and condition of fruit." Attention is called to those individualswith eye detects the movements of the little readers are either interested in grow.
In ten days I received returns at whom we are most familiar. rodent, and he noiselessly pounces ing, or in reading of the success .of
$3 a box-and this for all russets I Let us first consider that beautiful down upon him, and bearing his booty those who do grow them. j I know
considered very good. I only received songster, the mocking bird. It seems away to some favorite tree he devourshis that a great many will be delighted to'
back one-third of my postals, but these very hard for us to believe that thereis victim by piecemeal. Rarely does hear that we have so far marketed our
with one exception were A i. One any one so destitute of appreciationof i the sparrowhawk attack young chicks, fruit with all the success we could ex-
growled, and yet the box that man his musical worth as not to tender for which he is so often persecuted, pect. The best returns yet:in equal
got was one of the soundest and him the protection he so justly merits ; his preference being for smaller fry, what would be about $7 per box were
nearer golden russet than any other, but in many counties in fair Floridahe which he can more easily handle. they oranges-that is, an orange, crate
therefore I took him to'be a disgruntled : is ruthlessly murdered because he The little screech owl d'es at night I of mangoes makes two crates/: of mangos -
Italian, and believe I was correctin claims as his right a portion of the what the sparrowhawk does during the which sold for $3.50 in, Philadelphia .
that estimate.At fruit he has so generously guarded. day, and if you are so fortunate as to ; nine boxes in the lot, if I remember -
the same time I shipped a box Following are figures showing approximately have a pair of these birds around your right, with advice to ship
to a friend in the Catskills, N. Y., and the services rendered by barn do not harm them, for they are moderately. In the State and in the
they were received in the like good ,. one pair of birds during the period of worth far more than a half dozen cats South prices are $2 to $3 per crate.
order and condition, but their express nesting. A very liberal allowance is and as many mice traps. But one So far only the common or Kid-'
charges were as bad or worse than made, so that no exception can be brood of young are raised each year, neys have gone forward. We expect -
here. I paid $1.25 charge to New taken. The mocking bird begins nest- so not so much food is required for better returns on the ApricoU
York. The New York Express Co. ing about April first, and in about family use. No" Apples, Jumbos No. 10, Purpleor
charged $i for 90 miles up the Hud fourteen days from completion of nest The woodpecker family, as a whole, Red will go to market except for
and depositing of eggs the young birds are worthy of mention. I will not say seed purposes. This Purple is of afar
son.I came to the conclusion that orange make their appearance. The average that the redhead is indispensable to superior flavor, while I am told
growers must 'be studious readers of number of young is four, which for the farmer, as I think, perhaps, we the Red is "too utterly utter." It is .
market .reports. Pick and size and the first three or four days do not require could till our soils without him, but certainly beautiful and fine., The
pack carefully, then ship to reliable' much food, but beginning with other members of the family are of party who owns the tree intended:; to
firms, not just when the grower must the fourth day, and for at least thirty- great value. The redhead has so far ship it, until I urged the shame of
ship as he says to get money, but I five days to come, each bird requiresan departed from his pristine mode of depriving the State of the seed. Its
when the markets warrant it, and ( insect every ten minutes, which, living that we must not expect, as we the prettiest thing in the (nHt, line
there will be less faultfinding; but supposing the parent birds feed about do of the true woodpeckers, that he you ever saw. Don't all speak
only ship to the very best and most thirteen hours per day, would make should confine his diet exclusively to' once-one dozen to the man, 75C. per'FIthORIDA
J



i

.



THE FLORIDA DISPATCH, FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. ([AUGUST 11,1892


dozen. I am a month late in filling Varieties of the Mango. I Lopsia (from India-Not) yet fruiting The Art of Refrigerator Shipment.In .

seed orders, but all will be served in The varieties mango are numerous i in Florida. The name is from the thirty-fourth annual report of

time. The hard shell should be cut and distinct. Forty or fifty sorts are i Lapsi, a native mixture of flour, sugar, the Missouri Horticultural Society, J.
away and the kernel planted two or 'and clarified butter. The flesh is M. Rice, of Sarcoxie, presented''a pa-
known in the East Indies and
three ,i inches deep in the place theyare many supposed to resemble this compound, per, from which we make. extracts :
to glow, or 'they may be put in ; in the West Indies. The following or native sweetmeat. "The unsolved problem whicH,confronts -

boxes.cans or pots of rich earth and i are known to be growing in Florida, Manga This variety so called in the fruit and vegetable.grower

set out in the following April, and (some of the names are local, and the Cuba, though why we do not under- and shipper is that of safe and' profita.

watered ;till the rains of June come varieties may possibly be identical stand. It is the feminine form of ble transportation."The -

on.With with varieties growing elsewhere, mango, but as both sorts have perfect commercial fruit-grower must
us the mango feeds away flowers, its meaning is not obvious; avail himself of all the markets of the

down six to ten feet below the sur under different names): shape, nearly round; size, medium; United States and Canada to find a

face. But this will not be the case Apricot mango-The best sort that color of pulp and skin, light-yellow, or profitable market for his product. I

everywhere. It all depends, you see. has yet fruited in Florida. Size, greenish-yellow, with no trace of red; mean by the commercial grower the

Give it the same culture as the or- medium to small; color, yellowishgreen contains plenty of objectionable fibres, one who looks upon his avocation as
Yours for mangoes, one of possibilities beyond the mediocrity
ange. with red cheeks and fewer but is very sweet and fine flavored,
.' WM. P. NEELD. and preferred to other mangoes by of his local surroundings,

.Pinellas. ,_Fla______* _______ black spots than the common mango; many. upon which most beginners dependfor
Cement Pipe. flavor, rich and spicy with the taste of a market. Every trade center in
No. 11 mango (from Jamaica)-Not
Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower. a luscious apricot or plum, though yet fruiting in Florida. The circum- the United States and Canada is opento
..1 am anxious learn something of the Missouri, Kansas, Arkansas,
superior to either; the turpentine tasteis stances relative to the naming of this
cement pipe, its strength, durabilityand Texas, Georgia, Tennessee or Florida
celebrated follows
The of variety are given as ,
entirely wanting. foliage an
its suitability for irrigation pur- by Colonel Codrington, in the Florida fruit and vegetable shipper, if he only
ould be hear old tree differs slightly in appearancefrom reaches in business
poses.V pleased to out, a way, to
Agriculturist for June 1883:
fully from parties who have used it. I that of the ordinary mango, "When the French vessel 13, loaded reach it."When.

understand it is used on Indian River. though the difference is hardly distin- with tropical fruits, from the South we consider that Chicago
M.\ E. H. guishable when the tree% is young. alone received and distributed 6,000cars
Sea Islands for Hayti (then a French
J eesbur, Fla.,July 23, 1892. Fruit ripens from three to six weeks of fruits in 1890, the oft-repeated
Admiral
colony) was captured by
-o-t
later than the common mango. This prediction 'that there was an over-
Rodney, the book containing local
Latitude for the Oriental Plums.
variety was much grown on Point production of fruits' is proven a
and Fruit Grower names of the fruit was thrown over-
Editor Farmer :
Pinellas, and was introduced by Mr. fallacy. When we learn that one district -
I write to know if any of your readers board, and it was only by the numberon
P. Neeld whose oldest in Tennessee of
\Vm. tree was shipped 400 cars
fruited the varie- the label that the fruit was named in
have early blooming
old when killed and strawberries this
about seven years by tomatoes spring,
of such Hana- England. This variety is preferredby
ties
Japanese plums, as
and another in
the freeze.
cars Mississippi,
Kume Botankio No. and many to any of the East India 300
i
yume, Apple mango (mango de manzano) and from four towns in Arkansas 84-
bloom for and single specimens are
mangoes
too
Bongoume. They early
-Very large and pulpy; irregularly 000 packages, or 282 cars went out
Central Louisiana, except the Bon- said to weigh four pounds each. The
apple-shaped; stem depressed in most this season at a good profit, our hopesfor
skin is of flavor
will sometimes green, pulp exquisite ,
gouine give us a crop.It
cases ; color of a common mango, the future and a better day for the
rather acid the seed
these varieties would near ; largely
seems to me
without fibres and horticulturist the home builders of
almost entirely ,
possessing
the late frosts in in Jamaica, where it is gradu.
spring grown
escape your
should end in fruition.
a certain spicy taste peculiarto America,
I believe will succeed ally superseding the inferior varieties.
State. they the variety. Good sized specimenssome "The food product of the United
where the Peento peach will.Ve The following are popular varietiesin
times measure from five to six States is now, wheat first, meat second,
have some very fine varieties that are inches in length; introduced from different mango-growing countries, ; corn third and fruit fourth. If the
late to bloom, to plant above the orange in but not yet introduced into Florida: i
Cuba; not yet fruiting Florida. producers of bread and meat were
belt, which, I am told, will not do in Amelie-Martinique.
Lobid-apple mango-One of the confined to local or near-by markets
half of Florida. The follow
south
the best varieties cultivated in Cuba; fruit Alphonso-India. alone, agriculture in the West would
ing, which I have tested on my experi-- long, with deep furrows, or creases, Aveacan-India. One of the sorts indeed be on its l last legs. The mar-

mental grounds here in Central Louis. on one side, extending the whole grown in the gardens of the agri-horticultural kets of the world are now open as

iana, do well: length; red cheeks with few fibres, society of Calcutta. wide to the fruit-grower as they are to
Japan Apricot, Hattonkin No. i, and of an excellent flavor. The fruit August-India. the Minneapolis millers."

Hattonkin No. 2, True Sweet Botan, sells in Havana for three or four times Arch all-India. This problem has been solved and
Chabot, Satsuma, Burbank, BurbankNo. One of the finest of the
the price of common mangoes; intro- Bombay- this condition attained through the
i, Abundance or Yellow-fleshed duced from Cuba; not yet fruiting in Indian varieties. This variety and the perfection of the refrigerator cars,
White fleshed Botan Prunus
Botan, Florida. malda are the two most popular varieties making fruit and vegetable transportation -
Simoni, Normand Japan, Bailey Japan, in favor with who
The purple apple mango-Long, every one a specialty. During the season
Kelsey and Shiro Smomo.I medium-sized; color, green with rich, tastes them, while some of the other just passed the American Refrigerator
that north of here there is
see varieties are delicious to some people
dark purple bluish; no fibres whateverin Transportation Company loaded to-
some complaint about the Oriental the pulp; flavor good; introducedfrom and to others unendurable. matoes in Arkansas that went to Toronto

plums blooming too early. This is Cuba; not yet bearing in Florida. There were upwards of forty varie Canada, and berries from St.
because the wrong varieties were selected I ties of the cultivated in Java
Common turpentine mango-Large, mango Louis to Montreal. Every trade cen-
the Kume, Hanayume (named : with more or less black spots; color, fifty or more years, according to Gov. ter in the United States is available by

by some Gold Dust and Hubbard), I greenish yellow, often with red cheeks, Raffles. this science, which is so imperfectly

see are catalogued and offered for sale skin with some turpentine flavor; There are no accessible! works on understood by so many fruit growers.It .

. by a few large nurseries, which are grown commonly in South Florida. mango culture, though Professor Whit- seems to me that now since the

sure, to cause disappointment.' I find Common yellow mango-Size, me- ner, in his "Gardening in Florida," science of production has made so

that these plums, like the peach, have dium; color, rich orange with fewer I devotes a small space to it, and articles much progress, there should be some

their latitude or belt to grow in, and black spots than the common mango; I on the mango occasionally appearin attention paid to the science of mar-

do well. From what I can see from flesh very firm; flavor rich and sprightly the leading. agricultural papers of keting. After the grower has rescued -

reports from different parts of the ; not fruiting in Florida that we the State. his crop from the calamities that

country, we have pretty well located know of. About the oldest bearing mango tree come in the natural way, such as

the geographical adaptation of the different Curacoa-Not fruiting in Florida. on Indian river is at the home of bugs, droughts, you are confronted by

*. varieties. Guatemala-An early variety, not James Paine, Esq., at St. Lucie. the transportation problem. I find,
varieties do north
well far
Some as fruiting in Florida. Almost every planter has trees now that the special need of successful

aY the Persian strain of peaches will, Kalia (from India-Not fruiting in growing, and notably, on different fruit shipping is not alone confined to

while others are too early to bloom, or Florida; named from the Hindoo word parts of Merritt's Island are large the railroad managers, but more than

are too tender.I "Kala"-black( ). The fruit is very numbers of trees, gradually cominginto half the growers seem to have no def-
believe from the northern limit of dark colored, hence the name of bearing. The fruit comes into inite or well defined idea of his needs
the orange belt to latitude 33 is the from the middle of the and
"Blackie. market June to a suggestive remedy because of
belt in which most of them will suc Kakria-Another Indian sort, not middle of August, and in a very few his ignorance of transportation econ-
L.
ceed.Marksrille,La. J. NORMAND. yet fruiting in Florida; named from years we expect to see a large numberof omy. We often hear the most bitter

o -- "Kakie," a native name for a kind of fruit sold locally, and shipped to a denunciation of railroad managers,

Many Persons ere broken cucumber. The fruit is pale green distance. The crop of this year and who wait to hear, ]learn and correct

down from overwork or household caresBrown'8 when ripe, and very long, hence its the two previous ones have been eatenat any abuses that may exist, if they:are;'

Iron Bitters. Rebuilds the name from supposed resemblance- to home, and the seed preserved for intelligently! presented.. To do,-' this,
system; aids Iges and core malaxi: bv*the genuine. this cucumber. plant ng.-I. R. Advocate. nothing short of an effective organi624 -



.

:.....
AUGUST 11, 1892] THE FLORIDA DISPATCH, FARMER AND> FRtJIT-GROWER. alb --

..
ration of the growers in each district cooled enough. Packages of straw- To Utilize Surplus Grapes. of lime, soda or any other preservativeto
can consummate it. An individual berries have been shipped to Denver Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: the juice. Sugar is unnecessary,
shipper cannot load a refrigeratorcar from Van Buren, Ark., in refrigeratorcars There is; everywhere a good local and should not be added unless the.
as a rule, and unless there is an 48 hours in transit, expressedback demand for unfermented grape juice grapes are unripe.
associated effort of a convincing nature to Van Buren and opened, and for sacramental and pharmaceuticaluses. The manufacture of a wholesome
a transportation company cannot found by the committee to be as goodas fermented wine is hardly possible
.
If
be expected to provide this special they were when picked. The a thoroughly good and where one works upon a small quan-
icing arrangement, that takes expert shipper who undertakes to load a refrigerator wholesome article were put on the tity of culled or surplus fruit.
handlers and very expensive prelimi- car without experience anda market in quantities large enough to Good wine can be made only from .
nary provisions. thorough knowledge of the business create a taste for it for table use, there good, selected fruit, and by one who
On the 23d ult. the Mississippi Val- will get grief instead of business. would be an almost unlimited demand.To has had considerable experience.
ley Fruit and Vegetable Shippers' There is no market for poor wine.
Association was formed at St. Louis.It make sound, unfermented grape Most of the so-called wine made for
embraces parts of Missouri, Arkansas 'I le 1line Ord juice that will keep well, requires home use is really a cordial, loaded

Texas, Kentucky, Illinois and ,.. -.. -"" careful manipulation and the most down with sugar and frequently forti-
Tennessee. They have a general Edited by E. DUBOIS, Tallahassee, Fla. fastidious attention to cleanness dur- fied with raw corn or potato spirit.

manager, who will be an autocrat, President Wright, of the Orange ing the process. The juice as soon Such liquid is neither palatable nor .
subject to the executive committee.He wholesome. Our southern
County Grape Growers' Association, grapes are
should be strained
as expressed
will be at St. Louis, and have a lays us under obligation for a sampleof naturally over-rich in sugar, and
man from each shipping station in the his unfermented Niagara grape through two folds of unbleached hence when fermented dead ripe the
society at each city in the United States juice. It is the pure must without muslin and then run at once into a wine is apt to lack the wholesome acid
during the shipping season to look after any addition whatever or any fermen double jacketed, covered kettle and of clarets, and contains a heavy per
their business, quote markets, advise tation, and a draught of it is simplythe then heated to i8oF., at which centage of alcohol. The endeavor
about markets, look after returns,..and equivalent of a feast on should be to decrease the percentageof
help the commission man treat the The unmistakable Niagara flavor grapes.is in temperature it must be held for twenty alcohol by harvesting the grapes .
grower O. K. This general manager, it (the Niagara is not a wine grape, to thirty minutes. It should then be before dead ripe and allowing the
who is Captain D. L. McLoud, presi-- however) ; and, quaffed from a goblet removed from fire and allowed to must to ferment on the pomace not
dent of the State Horticultural Societyof stand covered for than hours. .
partly filled with broken ice, we see no closely twentyfourhours. more twenty-four For
Arkansas, will make orders for each reason why it should not be a most white wine the must shouldn't ferment .
station to ship, based on telegraphic wholesome summer beverage. Witha At the end of this time return to on the pomace at all.
advices from his own men. simple diet of graham bread and the kettle and reheat to i8oF. for The juice should be drawn off the
No funny business about the mar- cheese, it would constitute the cele half an hour, then strain through a pomace into clean barrels or tubs, and
kets will go; each shipper will get his brated "grape cure.-ED. thick, clean white woolen cloth into left to ferment for ten to twelve daysin
returns promptly or mob their man the bottles into which it is to be mar- a dark cellar where the temperaturedoes
when he comes home. The different A Fine Vineyard. keted. If more convenient it may not rise above 6oF. After this
sections divide territory just as the Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: be run from the strainer into large fermentation the wine must be care-
railroads do, and they are getting some I A week ago today I was in Orlando. glass carboys or air-tight kegs, hold- : fully drawn off the lees into well
rates and concessions by concerted : I heard it said in two or three places ing not more than five gallons. These scalded barrels and tightly bunged.
action that are a revelation to the that "L. Wescott had grown the must be previously disinfected by The:: bung should have a hole, through
kicker, who said it would not work. finest and best grapes that had been boiling water, and should be as hotas which passes a glass rod whose out-
Each local shipping station in every brought into Orlando this season." I the juice is when it is ready to be side end is bent down and dips into a
State is properly represented; each got a carriage and drove out to Mr. filled. The vessels, whether large or cup of water. This water must be
shipper gets reports and returns justas Wescott's place. I could well under- small, must be filled until the juice frequently changed and the cup always
if there was no special man on deck. stand why he had grown the best begins to run out at the opening, and kept full. This permits the car-
His commission man deals alone with grapes when I saw his vineyard. The then corked tightly, and the cork or bonic acid to escape from the cask,
him, but he gets a square report from leaves were the best grape leaves I bung covered with wax or rosin to but prevents the access of air. After
his special man about his goods and have ever seen in South Florida, and I make it air-tight. If a wooden vessel the bubbles have ceased to appear in
condition of arrival, packing, etc., the wood for the season the hardest I is used to store the juice it should be the cup of water fermentation has
that will help him at_home, while his and best matured. thoroughly varnished on the outsideto i ceased, and we have a dry wine. It
man stands there and sees what it sells The grapes grown on such wood make it air-proof. If the juice is may now be "fined" with issinglass
for and who got it. This thing worked and under such leaves could not be run at once into small bottles no fur- or white of an egg and drawn off into
last year so well in the management anything else but good. There were ther manipulation is required. If it bottles for sale. Never add sugar to .
of the Arkansas Shippers' Union this plenty of leaves to thoroughly digestthe is temporarily stored in large vessels, such wine, nor sulphur, nor soda, nor
spring that it made believers of all the plant food as well as absorb from when wanted for market or consumption any preservative substance whatever.
Thomases who had to thrust a fingerin the atmosphere.It it must be once more heated to Such additions render the wine un
before he would believe he was was the "third picking" when I i8oF. and strained through woolen wholesome. Usually southern winesare
saved. was there. Nevertheless I enjoyed cloth into the bottles. When the not fit to drink until at least two
The policy of the grower and shipper bunches of Niagaras more evenly storage vessel is opened the entire years old, and they improve with age.
getting a closer and better under-I ripened than I usually find anywhereof contents must be removed at once. It will hardly pay to make grape
standing is the only salvation for the I any grapes in the market. They If allowed to remain twenty-four vinegar, as most of the vinegar used
small fruit and vegetable industry.The were luscious grapes, from the best hours in a partly filled vessel the juice now is made from apples or distilled
refrigerator car service, operatedby grown vines of their age I ever saw.I will begin to ferment. This fermen. from wood, and sold at prices with
an organized fruit service, is an braced up my courage. Those tation may be stopped at any time by which the honest grape grower cannot
insurance policy in the form of a way normal leaves on the grapes and the heating the juice to i8oF., but the compete.: For home use a.wholesome
bill. There are cold storage rooms best leaves I have seen on orange character of the liquid as "unfer- vinegar may be made by allowing the
to.hold the product over.from day to I trees since the blizzard of 1886 are mented wine" is lost and cannot be must to ferment on the pomace for ten
day, and the shipper is not at the here. I believe these conditions por- recovered. It is of the utmost importance days. Then draw it off into a clean -
mercy of an overdone market or a tend better results near at hand for that the juice be heated to cask and let it stand unbunged until
combine. the horticulturists. My grove looks i8oF., and neither less nor more. strong enough.
The science of taking the vegetableheat well when I consider we have had If heated above 180 F., the albu- Grape juice may be evaporated in-
out of tender fruits and vegetables less than twenty five per cent. of the men of the juice will coagulate and to syrup or jelly. The grape growersof
coming from the warm fields of normal rainfall for a year past. I am greatly deteriorate the nutritive prop- California are beginning to work
the South is simple enough when you under the belief that I have eighty percent erties, and the taste of the juice will up a portion of their crop this way.
know how to do it. Then holdingthe of a full crop of oranges, and, be quite spoiled.If But a first class article cannot be made
load at an even temperature in what to me is of more value, a full leaf heated to less than i8oF. the without the use of a vacuum pan, suchas
transit and taking it out in Chicago, growth. I have no irrigation.I germs of the ferment microbe will not is used for condensing milk, because,
St.: Paul, New York .or Montreal, is am cutting a fair crop of crab grass be killed, and the juice will soon beginto as already stated, if the juice is heated
another feature of knowing how to do hay in the older grove; I did no workin ferment. To ensure the proper above i8oF its taste and nutritive
it. Ice stations, cold storage rooms, the older portion of the grove since temperature in the kettle a glass dairy properties are injured. Still a fairly
special 1. men in charge, are another last November to worry the land. I thermometer, costing about ninety good and wholesome article for homeuse
feature, of the accomplishment. A think it suffered less from drouth by cents, should be inserted through a may be made by evaporating the .
registering thermometer In the so doing; I let it alone. The fruit is hole in the cover and allowed to float juice into a double boiler or in a thick
.car/ registers: the highest and lowest clean and so far looks promising. It i I I on the juice. In this matter guesswork porcelain lined kettle. .
temperature.; A load cooled.too muchis did not drop more than the averageof will not do.. Never, under any GERALD MCCARTHY.** .
nearly as bad for market as one not other groves. LYMAN PHELPS. circumstances, add sulphur, sulphate N.C. Experiment Station, Raleigh.

'..



-



t



,. THE FLORIDA DISPATCH, FARMER, AND FRUIT-GROWER. [AUGUST1, 1892 _

--
MPERiDRtJCIER]' \ cloth, fold and tie it up neatly.) Well I only regret that I did not plant membrane left by the larva. It has
handled it will last three years. The one-quarter or one half of an acre, been proved that the beetle would die
stakes, pulled up and kept where the instead of a little patch of one thou- if the larva had not prepared this pas-
Strawberry Culture-No. 2. hooks will will last sand Next week I and has been
not rust too badly, plants. am goingto sage way, asserted thatit
A writer in Garden and Forest givesa five years. plant more largely of late celery.Mr. will perish if the hole is pasted over
plan which he pursues in North Car The benefit of this mode of cover- Niven talks of realizing $2,000per with a piece of paper thinner than the
olina, which gives him strawberries a ing is threefold. It protects from any acre. I have no doubt that it hull itself.
week 'earlier, and adds to their size ordinary late frost, even though the can be done.-T. Greiner, in Farm Sometimes many of the beetles will
and quantity. He uses a thin muslin plants may be in full bloom. It has- and Fireside.We issue in the fall of the year, but as a
known to gardeners as plant-bed tens the growth and ripening of the shall have more to say on "the general rule they remain in the peas
cloth as a winter protection. This berries, bringing them to the table a new celery culture," and for the pres- through the following winterand manyare
costs about two cents a yard, but full week, and in some seasons ten ent will simply quote a few words planted with seed peas. As far
must be thick enough to shade the days earlier. The vines are thriftier from the author of the system himself, as is known the insects on issuing will
plants. In North Carolina he stretches thus sheltered, perhaps, because it is Mr. Robert Niven: not oviposit upon the dry peas, and a
it over them before any growth is the nature of the strawberry in the "In the new celery culture there is sure remedy will, therefore, be foundin
made in the spring; in Florida it wild state to have the protection of no back-breaking labor in banking up. keeping seed peas in a close receptacle -
would have to be stretched much weeds and grass, and they bear finer The working roots are not cut off to over two seasons before planting.The .
earlier, probably as soon as blossoms fruit and more of it. secure earth to bank it up, thereby beetles will all issue at the cus-
appear. It seems, too, that the distributionof checking the growth. No rheumatic tomary time, but will soon die. Whenit
After many experiments in searchof pollen, especially when pistillateare pains are caused by getting down on is necessary to plant the first season
acheap: and effective way of hold- grown with staminate varieties, to one's knees to press the earth about the the entire lot of seed should be thrown
ing:the cloth in place, he uses small pollenize them, is far better under the plants. No worms eat the glossy surface into water, when the "buggy" ones
sticks of riven pine, which are about cloth. As thin as it is, it offers enough of the stalks, making them rusty will float, and should be removed and
three-quarters of an inch square. resistance to the air to keep the pol- and unsalable. The growth is very destroyed, sound ones only being
These.sticks are sawed up into stakesfifteen'inches len-laden currents of air in great meas- rapid,consequently the crop is tender, planted. Infested peas may also be
long, ahd sharpened at ure near the ground and among the solid and brittle. There are but few disinfected by placing them in a tight
one end. The other end for about plants. spon y plants. Watering or irrigating vessel with one of a number of differ.
half way is smoothed with a drawing- The original cost of thfc protectionis is the all.important work, and about ent insecticides, among which may be
knife and a wood rasp if necessary, from three to four cents a square all that is necessary at this stage of mentioned camphor, chloroform, ether
sO.as to remove all splinters and irregularities yard. After that it is the mere growth. The natural rainfall cannotbe and bisulphide of carbon, the latter
which could tear the cloth.A trouble of putting on and taking off, depended on to give sufficient moisture being the,cheapest and most effica-
very small hole is then bored about till the material has to be replaced by to grow such a large crop." cious.
one iqch from the smooth end. Into new. No thoroughgoing gardener, bSS THE BEAN WEEVIL.
this hole a section,of small, soft wire, after once using it, will ever relapse The Pea and Bean 'Weevils. - -
say'No._17, about six _inches long, i is into the old haphazard manner. (.Bruchus/abac, RILEY.)
THE PEA WEEVIL. This congeneric insect resembles the
run and bent around and wrapped -
on,itself so as to hold securely. The The New Celery Culture. (Bruchus pisi, LINN.) species we have just treated in general
other end oi the wire is bent either A little pamphlet with the above title It is about five mm. long and its appearance. It appears to be a native
before or,after putting in the stake has been sent me by the Rural Pub- general color is rusty black, with moreor American insect and probably fed
into a hook to hold the cloth. The lishing Company, New York. This less white on the wing-covers, anda originally upon some wild bean. It
hook should extend about three inches really is an interesting thing, and gives distinct white spot on the hinder is said to have been first noticed upon
clear of the stake. ideas that will certainly revolutionize part of the thorax, near the scutellum.The cultivated beans about 1860 in Rhode
These stakes should now be driven celery growing fully as much as the beetles begin to appear about the Island, is now generally distributed
into the ground for about half their new onion culture revolutionizes onion time the peas are in blossom, and throughout the United States, and has
length, placing them three feet apartin growing. What gigantic fools we have when the young pods form the females been carried by commerce to different
rows thirty-four inches apart, as been to bestow all that vast amount of lay their eggs upon the surface with- parts of the world. The general coloris
some allowance must be made for the labor on our celery patches, and to out attempting to insert them. These tawny gray with more or less dull
shrinking of the cloth, which is a yard move those many cubic yards of soil i eggs are deep yellow in color, 1.5 yellowish, and it is somewhat smaller
wide. Turn the hooks the way the for the purpose of blanching the stalks, I mm. long, three times as long as wide, than the pea weevil. In its life-his
rows run and,let them all point in the when, with a little more concentrationof Fusiform, pointed in front, blunt be- tory this species differs from Bruchus
same'direction. effort, by putting the same manureon hind, but larger anteriorly than pos pisi in two important points. Largely
They are now ready for the cloth.If one-quarter the area, by planting teriorly. They are fastened in front on account of its smaller size and the
the hooks set to the east begin at closely of the right varieties we might by some viscid fluid which turns whitein greater size of the seed which it infests,
the western end of the row. Run the have let the crop do its own blanching drying. It is probable that the a number of individuals will developin
hooks through the selvage of the clothon under its own shade. egg-laying occurs generally at night. a single bean. As many as twenty-
each side and lock the outside row Don't tell me, friends, that the planis When the insects are abundant a sin eight have thus been found feeding at
of the hooks as you go by twisting the not feasible. Come and see my gle pod will often be found to carry as once. A second point of difference,
wire around on itself. Leave the inside patch; and learn how easy it is to growa many as fifteen or twenty eggs, whichis and one of great economic importance,
row of hooks open till you bring heavy crop by the new method. My an evidence of faulty instinct, since is that the insects will continue breeding -
up tie other width of cloth. Then plants are in rows one foot apart, and only one larva can develop in a single indefinitely in stored beans. We
when the selvage of that is caught on stand six inches apart in the rows. pea. The newly hatched larva is showed this to be the case in 1882,
them lock those hooks, leaving whatis Mr. Robert Niven, the author and deep yellow in color, with a black but recent writers have, for the most
then the inside row unlocked to hold originator of the new plan (althoughit head, and bores directly through the part, ignored this interesting fact. The
the cloth on the next trip up. Alwaysgo is really not quite new), sets his pod into the nearest pea, the hole in eggs are primarily laid upon the bean
beck to the same end to start. plants seven by seven inches apart.I the pod soon growing over, while a pod in the field, and the larva enters
When the bed is covered lock the out- am yet in doubt as to which is the mere speck upon the side of the pod is the seed in the same manner as does
side of hooks also. best distance, and am now experi- the only indication of its entrance. the pea weevil. The rate of growthis
Your bed,is now covered solid with. menting to find out. The statement has been generally similar and some individuals, as with
the cloth except for the small gaps In a very dry season the applicationof made that, in feeding, the larva seems the other species, may issue the same
along the row of stakes, and if theyare water by irrigation may be neededto in the majority of cases to avoid the fall, others hibernating within the beans
placed in straight rows and driven supply that vast amount of moisture germ of the future sprout, so that most and issuing in the spring. If easy
perpendicular the gaps will be too which such a close and compact of the "buggy" peas will germinate as means of exit are not present the fe-
small ,to do any harm. When the growth requires. The plant food, of readily as those which have been un- males'will soon begin to lay their eggs
plants are about ready to bloom, the course, is more easily supplied. I touched. This must, however, now upon the stored and damaged beans,
covering can,,by a few minutes' work, use heavy manuring, heavy top- be qualified, as we shall show in a and another generation will soon de
be. raised to quite eight inches from dressing, with fine compost, and later paragraph. Before transformingto velop. This may go on indefinitely,
the ground, in this wise: Begin at the heavy applications of fertilizers, espe- pupa, it cuts a circular hole quiteto or until the food supply is exhausted,
end opposite to that on which you cially dried blood. Mr. Niven uses the thin outer membrane of the although in closed receptacles
began to attach the cloth and bend fertilizers almost exclusively, at the pea, thus providing for the future exit Beetles always appear anxious to es
the soft wire hooks straight upward rate of 2,600 pounds or more, in two of the beetle. It then lines the inte- cape.We
ov r...the stakes and leave them there. applications, per acre. The present rior of its excavation with a thin are not aware that similar struc
. The'cloth' is so elastic that it can be season, with its abundant rainfall, has smooth layer of paste, excluding all tural peculiarities in the first larval
walked on without injury, except very been quite favorable to the growth of excrement, and then transforms to the stages of Bruchus have been pointedout
near to a stake. early celery, and artificial wateringhas pupa state. The adult beetle in iSSUe before. They seem to indicate,
When the berries ripen remove the not been required. ing has only to eat through the thin perhaps, affinities with the Chrysome62 -



,
11, 1892] THE FLORIDA DISPATCH, FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. 627


lidae, and are evidently of advantagein This fly is about a fourth of an inch Poultry. fI pialt
aiding the young creature in the long. In appearance it resembles the .
., ---- -...- -...- "<.
work it
has This "
to do. stage is very I house fly, excepting that it is much Edited by E.W. AMSDEN Ormond, Fla. -
evanescent, as the necessity for locomotive smaller and a little lighter in color.A Beekeeping in Lake County.
organs is transitory. Imme- rather sluggish insect in that it does Clover for Fowls. Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower:

diately after finding the proper spot not fly much. Clover-as food for fowls-has been When TH < FARMER AND FRUIT-

for entering, the larva gnaws its way When disturbed by a switch of tailor steadily gaining ground, until now it GROWER comes I look first to see if thereare

in and molts. shake of horn it rises a foot or two is used in almost every well regulated any notes from apiarists, and am

Other eggs hatched on February above the cow and settles almost as yard and gaining in popularity all the sometimes much disappointed not to
10, and February 17, and on Febru. quickly again. time. We feed it eight months out of
ary 21 a small discolored spot was When alighting to feed it parts the twelve, and find that fresh cut grass find them.A .
discovered on one of the beans, and. hair of the cattle and works its way hardly takes its place. Hens never few notes from this section, the

underneath the skin was found one of down to the skin, making it appear as tire of it. It is economical, whole south side of Lake Harris, may show

the young larvae. After entering the though it were "standing on its head." some and in every way an excellent how bees have done here. I had five
bean it had cast a skin, which was Wings are constantly spread for feed if properly handled. We have a
colonies in the bloom
found in the burrow. After this molt flight, making it quite difficult to catch. twenty-five gallon farm boiler; every spring. Orange
the larva had lost its legs and become The name horn fly has been givento evening we put as much clover hay was cut off at least one-half by drought,

stout, acquiring the normal charactersof it from the habit of clustering on and water in the boiler as we need for and from that time till now it has been

its later stages. One bean whichwas the base of horns while resting. It the breakfast of our flock. About so dry there was nothing for the bees.

carefully examined contained sev- does this only when very abundant.It three pounds to each one hundred little but
They are working a now,
enteen larvae:, eight of which were has also been called dog fly in this grown fowls. This we cook for two making no surplus.I .

nearly full grown, while nine, which State. hours; when we stir in wheat bran, have increased to eleven stands
had entered the bean later, were indifferent The damage it has done has been corn-hearts, desiccated fish and what and received
100 pound surplus, or an
stages of development. On variously estimated. In some places ever goes to make up our morningmeal. average of twenty pounds per colony,
January 28 a single impregnated female East it caused milch cows to lose one. It is then covered and allowedto novice
spring count. Being a work-
was confined with several beansin half in milk; others found it unprofitable stand until morning. Wheat bran ing altogether for comb honey, and

order to ascertain the number of to keep fattening steers.It I and clover hay is nearly always a part not getting any surplus from the increase
eggs laid by a single individual. was first noticed near Philadel-I of our morning feed. on account of droughts, I thinkI
From January 31 to February 25 phia in 1887; from there it has spread We append an article from Farm should feel rather encouraged, es

sixty-eight were deposited, when the rapidly Southward. Last year it was Poultry on the subject, which is well pecially I transferred all my bees

female died. Careful experimentswith taken in Georgia. It seems that it worth reading. E. VV. AMSDEN. from box to frame hives in the spring,

isolated individuals were con was imported from Europe about six which used some surplus to renovate
ducted in order to ascertain the exact years ago. Clover-The Best Method of Feeding the combs and fill out broken placesin

length of a single generation, with The eggs are deposited .in cow dung It. them. Had the rains not failed, I
the result that sixty-six days was while it is still fresh, usually not later Of all the grasses and vegetables should have had much more.

found to be the average time from the than a minute after its dropping. Most clover seems to be the one that poul From another apiary, which I helpedto

deposition of the eggs to the issuingof of them are deposited during the day try delight most to indulge in. It care for, we received from twelve
the.adults. between and and between contains elements for of bone
9 4, mainly growth stands, spring count, twelve new colonies
The remark which we have just' 9 and noon. feathers and muscle in young stock, besides five or six that left for

made regarding the germination of LARWE. and production of eggs with hens. the woods and 200 pounds comb

weeviled peas, will apply equally wellto The eggs hatch in twenty-four hours For poultry that is moulting it is most honey-an average of i6/ pounds

beans damaged by Bruchus. Mr. after depositing, The larva then descend excellent, inducing them to moult honey and I / swarms per stand,
Popenoe has experimented with beansas into the dung, remaining, how- early, and to go through their moult spring count.

well as peas, with the following result ever, near the surface. vigorous and strong.To Perhaps some of your readers will
: feed clover to the best results .
PUPARIUM. get be interested in my method of clean-
Fifty cent. started of these it is best to cut it fine-
per ; up very smoker sections
When ready to transform, the larvae ing separators, etc.
three-fifths might have grown into the finer the better-then taking twice
descend into the ground from one-half To clean the smoker, have a kettle of
plants, as the injury was restricted to the bulk of cut clover to bulk of grain the smoker holdit
three-fourths of inch here boiling water, empty ,
the seed leaves. But the remaining i transform to into an ; they (meal, shorts, ground oats, etc.), the over a pan or bucket, nozzle down,
a puparium.
two-fifths were variously mutilated by whole to he thoroughly cooked for the
and the hot from
pour water through
In about two weeks from the time
the loss of a part or the whole of the the morning's mash. The clover shouldbe the door. This dissolves all the creo-
flies
germ or plumule, so that under no eggs were deposited perfect boiled for an hour or more to makeit sote and carries it off without soiling

circumstances could they have made emerge. soft and reducing the bulk. The the hands or dress, and makes the

plants. Here, then, but thirty percent REMEDIES. grain should then be thoroughly mixed smoker as tree from choke as a new
could have passed the germinating Most greasy substances will keep with the clover and the whole left in Once this and will
one. try way you
stage, and these, owing to moreor flies off cattle, and that which is the boiler to stand overnight for the never go back to the old method of
less considerable injury to the seed cheapest and not harmful to cattle morning's mash; and when cooked ina punching with a crooked wire or stick.

leaves, would probably have made would be preferable, providing it boiler or set kettle the whole mass pushing little lumps of creosote down

plants of low vigor. In a check lotof would be lasting. slowly cooks all night and comes out the bellows tube, and soiling hands
perfect beans of the same varietiesand Train oil or fish oil with a little sulphur in the morning a nice hot steamingmash and .
clothing.To
in the same numbers, planted and carbolic acid added has been smelling sweetly of clover, and clean soiled sections separators,

alongside, ninety-five per cent. ger recommended. Fish oil seems to be is greedily eaten by poultry, large and I etc., I put them into my dishwashing
minated.-Condensed from Insect the most lasting substance used. small. Enough water should be used' machine in hot water and in
pour put
Life. These remedies simply keep the in cooking the mash to have it come pearline to make a strong suds, rock
flies off the cattle treated. out quite moist in the morning. Whena
the machine a few minutes drain
,
"X. O. Dust" will kill flies when
trowel full is thrown into the feed
rinse in clear hot water draw off the
,
Live j5tod\. brought in contact, but lasts only two trough it should spat a little when it rinse-water, takeout the sections, etc.,

days. strikes, but not sloppy. If the mash and let them dry. They are all as
The Horn Fly. Professor Gorman, entomologist of should be stiff so as to crumble, it is clean and sweet as those never removed -

(ffamatobia Serrata.) Kentucky Experiment Station, recommends not eaten as well; the poultry are from the box. All wax, pro-
This fly made its in the use of finely powdered to- tempted to scratch it to see what new polis and marks are removed far more
appearance bacco sprinkled about the horns and thing they can find in it, and when in than and sand
Florida time thoroughly by scraping
some last year or late in the backs of cattle. the (and they will take a big
over crop crop papering, and then, the saving in time!
1890. Wherever cattle congregate duringthe i full of it) the stiff crumbly mash does All are cleaned while one or two could
As far as we have learned it was day the dung could be gatheredinto not pass on to the gizzard readily and be scraped.

not troublesome in this State until last piles every three or four days, time is lost, and, for the time, the This dish-washer is a Florida inven-

fall. Then it was abundant enoughto and the whole treated with lime or poultry are crop bound. When fed tion, lately patented, and should' be
land of lime moist enough there is no trouble andit
milch plaster, or a spadeful l in every home. Though not quite
annoy cows. This year it each In this is all eaten. Chickens and ducks
spread on separate pile. "automatic," with it the hands are not.
made its appearance as early as the way the larvae would be killed. grow fast on such a mash but do not put into the dish-water, and dishes are

first week of April. It maybecome a We are indebted to Dr. Riley and fatten, and with the hens they carrya washed rapidly and nicely. It is inex-

severe pest before the end of this year. his assistants for the complete knowl- red comb at all times and do not pensive, simple of construction and
Florida cattle running in hammocksand edge of the life history of this insect.P. load themselves down with fat, as they easy to operate.

pine woods will suffer severely H. ROLFS, Entomologist, in Fla. do where an all grain ration is used.- MRS. M. W. GORDON

before the trouble will attract attention. Ex. Sta. Bulletin. Farm Poultry. Bloomfield,Lake Co..Fla.AGZrer .



THE FLORIDA DISPATCH, FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. [AUGUST_ 11.1892"

.
-
-
-STEPHEN POWERS, Editor.P. tingencies, to retain the hold which years. Millions of the bloom droppedoff FREIGHT RATES.

.O.Address I. wtey,Fla. before the fruit had set and
they got on the British market last really Need of a Railroad Commission.

year. We invite all our subscriberswho millions after it had set. The fruit is I have recently noticed a contract
The shallow excavations that
vast, are interested in this matter to not there, either on the inside of the between the elevator men of Duluth,
will be left by the phosphate miners
send us brief notes (not necessarilyfor trees or the outside. Minn., and the New York Central
will add to the water-protected areas
publication) as to the forwardnessof The New York Commercial Bulle- Railroad, whereby the railroad obli-
of Florida, if not to its beauty or
'. salubrity.If the fruit, the probable date of the tin, of August 4, quotes a Mr. S. J. gates itself to transport 2,000,000bush-

earliest shipments that can be made, Sligh, of Lady Lake, as saying in els of wheat from Duluth to New York

the Legislature would make an and some hint of their intentions as New York that Citra, which shippedlast city at the rate of seven and a half

.. show- to trying the English market again. year 265,000 boxes, will this year cents per hundred pounds; the transferto
appropriation to publish a
map be made by lake from Duluth to
ing accurately the choice waterprotected ship only 165,000.Ve have beforeus Buffalo, and by rail from Buffalo to
No Fever in Florida.
.
spots where winter gardeningcan a personal letter from the best informed New York city. In this contract the

be safely prosecuted, it would save Intelligence from Dr. J. Y. Porter, grower and dealer of Citra, in railroad agrees to pay all elevator

tens of thousands of dollars State Health Officer, up to the even which he estimates the crop at that charges at Buffalo in transferring from
every year
now wasted in hopeless ventures in ing of August 9, gives positive assure point this year at 55,000 boxes (a few vessel charges to in car New, and York.also all terminal

frosty places. ance that there is no yellow fever in weeks earlier his figure was 45,000)). The distance between Duluth and
Still it is probable that Citra will showa
i the State. At the proper time the New York via the lakes and the New
The young man of courage and resources greater proportionate falling off than York Central Railroad is about 1,650
will be informed how close it
who will purchase 1,000 or public any other point in the State. On the miles.If .

!' 2,000 acres of the flatwoods at $2.50an came to a Florida port lately. other hand, there are points that will the sun-browned Florida grower
wishes to send a neat and easily han.dIed -
acre, 'can in ten years have a herd The other day the Missoe, the State nearly or quite equal their output of package of oranges from Palatkato

of improved cattle on it worth $25 a health patrol steamer, came upon a last year. New York, with deep water all the

head, and his land mostly stocked squadron of sixteen Cuban fishing In a recent trip which embraced way and no elevator charges, our be-

down with Louisiana grass, making it I DeLand, Orlando and Tavares, with nevolent transportation companies, In
smacks near Anclote (these are really order to encourage Florida industries,
worth at least $12 an acre. buggy-rides around each, we saw
and often have fe- will only charge fifty cents for deliver-
yellow
.. smugglers, which it
hundreds of large trees, on the
ing an eighty-pound package at
The hooking and landing of the ver aboard), and overhauled and inspected required a diligent search to discoveras New York wharves, which is a rate of

magnificent tarpon, king of fish, is six of them before dark. At many dozens of oranges as there sixty cents per hundred pounds.In .

: almost as inspiring a triumph as it daybreak next morning not one was ought to be boxes. We saw a few other words, a great northern
railroad under the stern of competition
would be to to the shores of the sway
go
in sight! The Missoe only draws 534 groves carrying an average cropnonirrigated can afford to carry an unhandy -
Congo and shoot a lion. This imperial groves, too. Some irrigated
of pounds by wa-
package 100
feet of water so that she can hunt
,
sport is worth more to Fort Myers groves will yield more than they did ter and rail 1650 miles for 734 cents,

than a score of winter gardens, especially these dirty wretches out of their holes, last year, but the proportion of these. while a great southern monopoly

if these are planted in a frosty and with her little brass cannon and is yet very small. grinds out of the Florida grower 60
.r. cents for carrying the same number of
region. i her United States commission she inspires On the other hand, hundreds of pounds under less expensive circum-

As soon as the wasteful pioneers a wholesome fear in them. individual estimates are gaining every stances-miles.
--. -- week. A director of the Fruit Ex. It is r ither inspiring to think of our
have depleted the naval stores and
the head of
The Orange Crop. change, who thought at the end of the magnificent location at
timber resources of the flatwoods, we ocean navigation on the St. Johns,
A number of dealers, both in the drouth that he would have fifty boxes
look to see a string of big cattle and to dream that we are in easy com
North and in this State have written looks for six hundred. A
ranches follow in their footsteps. now forty- munication with the world by an open
asking for our closest estimate of the acre grove on Lake Harris which was sea. but what harvest do we reap from
Many large herds of cattle and flocksof :
coming orange crop. represented to us as having "just the great natural advantages so longas
sheep have been disbanded and
the of
left
The Florida has of about it close we are at mercy utterly
orange a way nothing on on inspec.
sold out in the Far West simply onaccount merciless corporations, whose rates,are
: of the exhaustion of the native surprising everybody by the unex- tion was found to give promise of at the offspring of unrestrained avarice,

grasses. Florida's turn will come pected magnitude of its output. Last least a thousand boxes, and it wouldnot and whose colossal fortunes are built

next. year a noted, would be prophet, who surprise us at all to learn, if the upon the impoverishment and oppression -

t traveled widely over the State, took fruit is carefully gathered and shipped, of the many?
The relation of the
The orange groves of Florida are so great credit to himself) for allaying the that it had yielded fifteen hundred the transportation orange companies growersto is

r scattered around in the piney woods "big crop scare," by discovering, as boxes, and not much over half of it in strikingly similar to that of the small

that it is hard telling where they are, he alleged, that the fruit was "all on bearing either. boy who pleaded with his companionfor

or what they are going to do. And the outside of the trees," and therefore The universal prevalence of drouth the core of the apple he was so

these same piney woods and hundreds delusive. But the groves of Florida conditions in the spring is said to greedily devouring; but was cooly informed -
there "wasn't going to be
. : of lakes are the great equalizer of our quietly proceeded to lay down eleven have made a high percentage of the core left." any

climate, always taking the edge off the hundred thousand boxes more than. fruit russets. This fact will militate Under existing conditions it is a

frosts, always saving most of the fruit they did the year before, and seventeen somewhat against the larger size which question whether the grower is goingto

in the worst of weather. But on the hundred thousand more than the fruit, being scattered on the trees, be allowed even the core of his

treeless and waterless plains of Califor- this prophet predicted would otherwise attain. great industry, and many a needyman
has had, during the ,
nia, when they do have a norther-as, We have learned to be utterly in- The officers of the Fruit Exchange to stand by and see both center past year and

for instancelast December-the grovesare credulous as to any bearish predic- steadfastly decline to commit them- circumference of his golden product

well-nigh helpless before it. tions based on frost. One may glanceover selves to figures, but their uniform greedily absorbed by the voraciousmaw

the table giving the yearly orange reply to questioners is, "It is safe to of the oppressor; and in not a
Oranges for England. of the State for the decade few instances the grower has been
crops : past say the crop will be lighter than last
obliged, even after everything else has
The crop will not be so heavy as and he will find in it no indicationsthat year."
disappeared, to quiet the intemperate
last year, and consequently there may the "great freeze" of'86 ever hap Last year, up to June i, 1892, there greed of ,the monster by small injec-

not be the overflow to England that pened.But. were shipped out of Florida 3,761,843 tions of pure gold, which unlike the

.' occurred last fall. But the frost is the great drouth may well giveus boxes. The year before, up to May Keely treatment for a different form

"always more or less of a menace in pause. During the critical period i, there were shipped 2,460,000 boxes; ; of stimulates intemperance-only the disease.Its aggravatesand

the northern part of the orange belt, with the orange trees at least, it was but, reckoning up to June i, there cure is in vigorous legislative

',,' and it may be worth while for growersin the most severe and widespread that were at least 2,600,000 boxes sent out action. There is no power but the

t' that section, in view of future con- the State has experienced for twenty of the State. State that can stand between the'pea.Rr.628 .






II



I r





AUGUST 11,1892] THE FLORIDA DISPATCH, FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. 629



pie and this kind of oppression. winter will develop stormy test days Oranges-For choice offerings the must protect them with a slat roofthreeinch -

Otherwise these great leeches will go for the people's representatives.In market was steady. For repacked stockwe slats with three-inch spaces betweenand
California Havana the north and west sides closed
quote: seedling
up.
on sucking the life blood from our industries this great contest for the industrial -
5.50 to 6.00; Rodi, 6.00 to 7.00.CHICAGO. 402. SOFT PHOSPHATE. H. F. D.
and life and future of the State riddle ,
disheartening our people ,
Monroe City, Mo.\ Apply fifty pounds of
until groves go back to forests, and every candidate with light and weigh Aug. 8. soft phosphate and six pounds of ninetyfive -

our rivers cease to be channels of him on scales, and let the simply There are not many pears coming, per cent sulphate of potash per tree.

commerce.I "good fellows" stay quietly at home neither from near-by nor southern points; 403. HORN FLY. J. B. E., Tallahassee. -

am no pessimist, no alarmist, but and await a less important occasion. demand is not very brisk, as the bulk This pest can be measurably prevented
of the supply consists of fruit.
we might as well wake to the fact -CITIZEN Palatka Herald. poor from tormenting your cows by
up There were fair arrivals of Georgia spraying their backs twice a week with
that not even here in fair Florida, under grapes in crates of six baskets. Other- kerosene emulsion and tobacco water.

our more beautiful than Italian wise the arrivals were small, and had Make a gallon of soap suds as strong as

skies, can we long survive the prose- JYIaI'rke' s. these grapes been in the regular ten- you can make it, and while boiling hot

cution of unprofitable industries. ..... pound climax covered baskets they would mix it with half a gallon of kerosene by
have sold well, but in cases they were
back forth
pouring it and for ten min
FLA. 10.
The great question before our peopleis JACKSONVILLE, August not cared for and sales were slow. Thisis utes. Boil fifteen pounds of refuse to-

the creation of some tribunal that FRUITS AND VEGETABLES. I II not a desirable way to ship. Choice, bacco in fifteen gallons of water until the

will stand between them and the rate [Corrected to date by Marx Bros.] I I either Concords or Ives, in regular basketin strength is well dissolved out. When
Extra choice good request and steady, with offer- both cold the tobacco into
factory. The insect pest we can control These are average quotations. I are pour water
lots fetch prices above top quotations, while poor ings meager. LeConte pearbushel, 40 the kerosene emulsion and stir thorough
; the ravages of drouth are met lots sell lower. cents melons, 175 to 200
; fancy per car, ;
If
and conquered by irrigation even mat Lemons,Fla........................... 2.00 to 3.00 Tennessee Rose choice barrel ly. you have no spray pump,the mix
Messina............ ......... 6.00 potatoes, ture can be sprinkled on the cows with a
digoma is not beyond the skill of man Limes, too........... ................. .50 1.75 to 1.90. garden watering pot. The above amount
........... .........
Pineapples,crate. 3.00103.50 will
heal but what need is such sprinkle ten ten times.
to we leg- Bananas, bunch............. ........... 1.50 to 1.75 cows eight or
islative control of the transportation Potatoes, new. barrel................ 2.25 MINNEAPOLIS, Aug. 7. You can go over ten cows in ten minutes.Do .
new sweet, bushel..... ...... .75101.00 few it directly after milking at night.
Oranges-A
companies, enriched by valuable.franchises Cabbage ... .. ......... .. .......... .09 oranges are coming
and public land that they Onions,crate.......................... l.ooto 1.25 from California, but they are not desira 404. KEEPING SHEEP. J. G., Or-
grants Turnips,barrel......................... 2.00 ble, and scarcely quotable. Rod is are in lando. We do not advise any one to
shall be sacredly held to the public Beets, ................ ....... 2.50 small supply at 3.75 to 4, and there is keep sheep in a thickly settled neighbor-
Carrots, ..... ............ ...... 2.50
obligations they have assumed and Parsnips, .......... .............. 2.50( moderate sale. hood unless he is prepared to herd them
severely punished whenever they at- Radishes, dozen...... ................ .40 Melons-In a jobbing way sales of by day and corral them by night. In the
Cucumbers....... .................".. small melons were made at as low as 12 deep woods they are comparatively safe.
tempt to play the role bf the oppressor. Celery.... .... ......... ............... .50 to .60
must be made to the Egg Plants,each........ ...... ...... .05 to.o6 per 100. Choice Missouri, however, were 405. TOBACCO. R. L. E., Ocala. A
They recognize Beans crate .... ..... ................. 1.00 held at 16 to 19 per 100, and 2.50 to 3 per soil that is almost exclusively sand and
great fact that they are doing businessfor Tomatoes........ ..................... >5 dozen in a small way. There is a better has no clay sub-soil, is not necessarily
Peaches, crate.... .. .. ..... .50 to 150
the people as well as for themselves. Pears barrel........................... 2.25102.50 supply. unadapted to tobacco culture. A grower
This ought to be the burning questionin Squashes, slow sale bbl ... .........100 to 1.50 near Jacksonville, whose place we have
Watermelons ...-............ ......_.... .0510 .10 PHILADELPHIA, July 30. often seen, and whose land seems to be
Florida today, and should be given Mangoes, Too.....?.. .... ............. i.ootoi.so almost sand for fourteen feet .down
precedence over all minor issues. Grapes, black, lo-lb. basket.......... .5to.75 Our regular report for this week is pure ,
well raises of
manuring heavy
lacking. The following items are from by crops
Now, this being the case, Mr. Edi-- POULTRY AND EGGS. Havana leaf and makes
wrapper money.
Hens....... ..........................S .30 to .35 the Fruit Trade Journal of July 30:
tor, I have thought it would be a Roosters............................ .2S to .30 Watermelons are scarce, and the advance -'S.
commendable thing for to Broilers..................... .... 2oto .25 looked for last week arrived in Messrs. S. Hernsheim Bros. & Co.
you open Turkeys............................... i.ooto 1.25 due order. Primes 22 25 hun- ,
at
the columns of your paper and invite Ducks..................... ........... .20 to .35 to per of New Orleans, will erect a large
earnest discussion of this Geese................................. .10 to .15 dred, and mediums at 14 to 20. Georgia tobacco home at Fla.
question by Kggs........................... ....... -15 pears, owing to the poor method of packing packing Quincy,
the intelligent growers of the State. have arrived in very poor condition, The contract for the building was

Giving the rate builders also the prix NEW YORK, Aug. 8. and were jobbing at from 75c. to 2.50, awarded to our fellow-citizen, Mr. A.

ilege of defending rates, which, in and offered while something fancy and sound brings G. Sutherland, who began at once to
Near-by are plenty,
pears
their nakedness, savor so much of freely at former prices. LeConte in light 5.00 per barrel. New Jersey tomatoes excavate the foundation for the build-
declined in values to 18c. and 20c.
oppression.A supply and firm. Bartlett very dull, owing basket, but later this week recuperated per, ing, which, when completed, will

railroad commission is one of the to the liberal supply and low pricesof and brought 40c. to 50c. Georgia peachesare be forty feet by ninety feet, with a

necessities of the immediate future, California. Peaches in good demand about cleaned up; the stock arrivingnow height of twenty-four feet under the
when fancy but most of the Georgia are
and there must be a just, strong, specked, and, Delaware and Jersey are commands 3.00 per case. Western plates. All the walls will be of brick
:\ 200 baskets
Maryland sent probably to
practicable law under which relief such and twelve inches through-one
can often green and hard; and fruit this market this week. A feeble effort. story

be brought to our people. Let us drags heavily at low and irregular prices, Virginia onions in % barrels are sellingat and basement. The roof will be

secure in advance, by temperate discussions but all fine stock closes firm and higher. 2.00 to 2.25.QUESTIONS. piped and metal covered.QuincyHerald.
The arrivals of grapes are so Irregularthat .
a clear cut model of what we .
values are low and uncertain. Real- .. .
need, and let us insist throughout the ly fine are wanted, and would bring extreme AND REPLIES.

State that no man shall become a prices, but common are very (dull. Deafness Can't be Cured

law-maker who cannot understand the Watermelons are in good demand, and 394. WHEAT CULTURE. G. F. II., by local application, as they cannot
Tallahassee. We state what
model and march to the music of the choice occasional large sales melons exceeding are held outside firmly quota-, with of wheat have cannot been grown in this varieties reach the diseased portk of the ear.

people. Please ask the cool heads to tions: and while we advance prices considerably latitude. Your best course will be to address There is only the one way to cure

give us a clear conception of the kind some holders were unwillingto inquiries to the directors of the deafness, and that is by constitutional

of law we need-one that will guard sell even at the advance quoted, and Experiment Stations in Georgia, Ala- remedies. Deafness is caused by an

sacredly the rights of the people and the market is somewhat uncertain. Pea- bama, etc. inflamed condition of mucous liningof
nuts continue very quiet, and prices lean 395. BERMUDA ONION SEED. H. Eustachian
. the Tube. When this
the time be toward the
at same just in buyers'favor. Pears,Georgia, LeConte, A. A., Orlando. You ought to be able
great companies whose valuable agen- per barrel, 3 to 4.50; Georgia, LeConte, to get genuine seed of our advertisers, tube gets inflamed you have a rum-

cy in the development of our State we rer. crate, 75c. to 1.23. Peaches, Jersey, who are trustworthy parties. bling sound or imperfect hearing, and

must recognize, and whose usefulnesswe rer; basket, 5Oc. to 1.25; Georgia, Craw- 396. PINEAPPLE CULTURE. W. H. when it is entirely closed, Deafness is

must not impair. ford, per case,2.50 to 3; Georgia, Elberta, C., Houston, Texas. There is no workon the result, and unless the inflammation -
per case, 2.50 to 3.50. Watermelons,per this subject, except an English man-
be taken out and this tube
Our next Legislature ought to be car load, 200 to 300; South Carolina and ual on hothouse culture, which would can

made up of wise, judicious, temperate Georgia, large, per 100, 30 to 40; South probably not suit you. restored to its normal condition, hear-

men, for foundations are to be Carolina, Florida and Georgia, medium, 397. SECRETS OF CANNING. C. L. ing will be destroyed forever; nin.ecases

laid upon which Florida can be develop per 100, 18 to 28. Peanuts,Virginia, half- G., Macclenny. This book was pub- out of ten are caused by catarrh,

d'into an industrial Slate, and her pecks, fancy, per pound, 4 to 4y"c.; Span- lished by J. Murphy & Co., Baltimore. which is nothing but an inflamed con-
ish shelled No. 1 5
per pound, %c.
vast resources utilized.I 398. LINE HOLDER. A. V. C., Salem -, dition of the mucous surfaces.

Ohio. We tested :your PerfectionRein We will One Hundred Dollarsfor
have list ST. Louis 8. give
see you quite a alreadyin Aug. Guard. In most cases it will do

Putnam county who feel inwardly Pears Large offerings and limited good service, but where the horse is a any case of Deafness (caused by

moved to the office of lawmakersfor demand; prices lower. LeConte sold at bad case the stem should be longer, hold- catarrh) that we cannot cure by taking

the sake of your exchequer I wish 50 to 60c., and other varieties 40 to 60c. ing the lines higher above the tail. Hall's Catarrh Cure. Send for circu-
75c. to 1.75 bu.
Homegrown per 399. RATING OF COMPANY. G. L. lars free.F. .
the number was greatly multiplied, Grapes-Light receipts condition and ,
but I trust that the press of Putnam demand good, with the range; higher. A S., Monte\ Vista. The company in Brunswick J. CHENEY & CO Toledo, O.
Ga., which ask about is not
with full appreciation of all few cases of Arkansas were fancy, and you Sold by druggists 75C.
county, mentioned, and, of course, has no ratingat
the good men who would serve the brought the extreme price of 15c. per all.
lb. The on ordinary receipts was
State in this capacity, will not fail to 9-lb. baskets range 50c., 1Mb. boxes 60c. and 400. LONG SCALE. C. A. M., Fair- CONSUMPTION.

press to the point in this great hour of cases 75c. to 1.23 each. mount. You can spray to kill scale any

need the two men of coolest heads, Watermelons-Receipts 100 cars, with time until the trees become dormant in hATe.a positive .d7for the Abort diMM;b7 it*

stiffest backbones and most unimpeachable demand good for choice large melons in winter. VM thousand of CMec of the wont kind and of I..
well-loaded cars. but the receipts were 401. PINEAPPLES. W. H. C., Hous- Undmj hart been enrtd. Indotd strong i.to/ftttfc
integrity. Millions of money bits efflcaer.that I will send TWO XJTTLX nu vnfe
mainly small and moved rather slow at ton, T xas. Pineapples cannot be grownin VALUABLE TREATISE
a ODUliadlleuelo&a11do
will be invested in still keeping the lower prices. The range was 80.00 to the way you speak of. To grow pine- I itrtr who will Mad me their Ezprttt And P.O.nil mi.

shackles upon the people, and next 130.00 per car on track. apples in the winter and early spring you *. A. .lmw, )I. 0., Iii FMtfl .... X, Y.







.



;. : .
'630 THE FLORIDA DISPATCH, FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.i [ABa>zd 1' 11:189



Our youn Fo s. it seemed that I had achieved everything, porter that he is still using and sellinglast $66 an acre; the Irish potatoes, $43 an
I was the victim of disappointment.Then year's crop of sweet potatoes, acre; the cabbage crop, $146; the to-
it doubted if it could be done
was which he had housed. Potatoes mato $115 the bean $77j
so
crop, ; crop,
Fulton's First Voyage. again, or, if done, if such curious experi-
ments could be made of any permanent housed are better than when fresh etc.

motive When power once steam its application became known to navigation as a- value.** dug, for they become matured, and Some idea of !the increasing wealthof
Poor Fulton's experience was that of lose the earthy taste that newly dug be
was obvious enough. Several ex- Hillsborough county may gleaned -
all inventors whose misconstrued
periments were tried, with varying success or imperfectly, objects understood are by the potatoes Usually have.--Manatee Ad from the following figures: The

to adapt this new power to vessels. world. Their best friends suspect their vocate. total value of real estate in the countyis
Some made in France and
some in attempts England were the details of whichare motives and undervalue theIr attempts.The Gen'l Superintendent Crawford is given at $4,315,465 ; railroad and
real recompense is the consciousnessof the busiest railroad official at $720,866 and
interesting. The best known was a undoubtedly telegraph property ,
small boat which ran for a time on the only doing what their they must duty;do of, since doing that, indeed is the, in the State, and that too in the personal property $1,086,850.. To-

Forth and.Clyde canal, at the surprisingrate work given them.Mate. midst of the worst season of the year. tal value, $6,123,181. It is estimatedthat
of, four miles hour.
Robert Fulton,although an born an Amer- Strung out on the line from Daytonato within the corporate limits of the

ican, made his first attempts in steamboat Rockledge he has 1350 men at city of Tampa i is, very nearly two mil
building in England. Returning to America { J'iews. work. He is making every possible lion dollars worth of real estate, and

he made his most celebrated and effort, before the opening of the tourist that fully one half the personal prop-
-
successful attempt in 1807, launching a season, to reach Rockledge and erty is owned in the city. The prop-
small steamboat and running it, to the
Capt. Dodge brought into Jupiterthis has reduced the almost of the Hotel real and
astonishment of his friends, from New question to a erty Tampa Bay ,
York to Albany. Fulton himself tells morning about 30,000 pine slips certainty.-Coast Gazette.Mr. personal, is assessed at over half amillion.
the of his and for Mr. Nelson Cowles, to be set out !.
story discouragements John S. Ferguson, who has had .-Tampa Journal.Mr.
drawbacks on his place on the north bank of the
: charge of the Dummitt Grove, at Farr writes that he is trying
"When I was building my first steam- Lotsahatchee.-Juno Sun.
boat in New York, the project was Clifton, for several years, was in town twenty-seven different varieties, some
.viewed by the public either; with indiffer- Bees are doing extremely well on the first of the week. He tells us the of which have not yet fruited, and his

ence or contempt. It was thought to be the east coast the present year, the grove, though in need of rain is looking experience with colored grapes so far
only avissionary scheme. My friends dry weather being favorable for the well and again coming to the front. is satisfactory. Those' tested and
were civil but chary of expressing
proval. They listened with patience ap to storage of honey. So say Messrs. This grove at one time was famous all recommended by Mr. Farr for gen-

my explanations, but a settled look of Barnes, Case and P. W. Johnson, over the country, but from years of eral planting are Delaware, Ives and
incredulity upon their faces showed me apiarists.-Halifax Journal. neglect had nearly run out. However, Hartford. He has other kinds that

plainly what their thoughts were. Load after load of the finest of crab. it is probable that ere long it will yieldan promise well but are not sufficientlytested
when I to and
from"Every the building morning yard, where passed my boat grass hay is being brought into town increased annual crop of thousandsof for him to recommend. Amongthe

wa in progress, I have often loitered every day from the farms about the boxes of choice fruit.-Titusville most promising of these are:

unknown near the idle groups of stran- city. It will not be long before Champion, Concord, Norton and Ca-
gers and listened to various bits of talk Alachua will not only raise all the hay Star.This is probably the busiest sum- tawba. He puts the Niagara at the

concerning was always the new that vehicle.of scorn The, sneeror language she needs, but will be able to ship it : mer season that Lake Worth has ever head of the list of white grapes. He

ndicule. A loud laugh often arose at in quantity.-Gainesville Sun. I known. Before the largest pineapplecrop says he did not ship any this year, but

my expense. There were many dry jests Mr. Fred. S. Morse and Mr. Peter was nearly shipped the contractors sold in Orlando at 25 cents a poundfor
and elaborate calculations of losses and 'v. Merritt have arrived at Jupiter in and builders were making things the first and 6 cents for last pick-
How often I heard the
.dull expenditures.and universal nickname of 'Fulton's i Mr. Morse's sharpie, having on board hum, and the piles of lumber, half- Ing.-New Smyrna Inlet.

Folly Never did a single encouraging over 40,000 pine slips, which found completed residences and the soundof We hope to have ready for our next

remark, never a bright hope or a warm immediate sale at $8 per thousand. carpenters' tools make the East issue a report of the agricultural productions
wish, cross my path! Silence itself was These slips for the most part came Side assume quite a lively air. On of! Brevard county for the

but reproaches."At politeness.veiling its doubts or hidingits from Key Largo, where they were the West Side considerable work is past year, which has been carefully

last the day arrived when the experiment obtained with difficulty.-I. R. Advo also being done, and the whole lake, prepared by I the :assessor. The figures

was to "be put into operation.To cate. all around, gives evidence of industryand given are far from correct, however, in

me it was a trying occasion. I invited Mangoes are being shipped Northin improvement. We will have many instances. In one case a large
many friends to go on board to quite a little town down about Palm his of
pineapple
witness the first successful trip. Manyof considerable quantities. Mr. P. grower reports crop
them did me the favor to attend as a D. Eyclesheimer shipped 90 crates last Beach next winter.-Juno Sun. pineapples as having been sold for

mark of personal respect; but it was Thursday and Friday to a New York From the report of the assessor of $4,800. As a matter of fact we knowhe

evident they did it with reluctance, fearing house. Lemons are beginning to go Clay county, in the Green Cove Spring, realized over $10,000 for his crop.

tification.to be but I was the but witnesses too well of aware my mor-that forward also. Mr. E. P. Mesmore we take a few crop items. Fifteen On first thought it seems strange thata

there were many reasons to doubt my made his first shipment for the season thousand three hundred and twentytwo man should quote his production at

success. The machinery new and today (Tuesday) -Bartow Courier. bearing orange trees yielded 15- less than its value; but the average

ill-made. Many parts of it were con- We understand that Mr. J. S. Watson 128 boxes, valued at $14,188. Thereare pineapple grower is no fool, and it
structed by workmen unaccustomed to 50,098 trees not would not look well to see a property
young orange yetin
such wbrir, and unexpected difficulties recently visited Mr. A. S. Lee, I
bearing. Twenty-five acres of straw- assessed at only $5,000 on the books
might easily i present themselves from Waukesha, Wisconsin, and con
other causes. tracted to supply him with 100,000 berries yielded 29,252 quarts, worth which was known to have a yearly
"The'moment arrived in which the Porto Rico pineapple slips. This $2,925. Four hundred and fiftysevenacres producing capacity of over 10000.
..' word was to be given for the vessel to if of upland cotton yielded 81 bags, Indian River Advocate.
looks
as the Hotel Indian Riverwas
friends stood the deck. .
.
move. My upon -
worth The sweet
There was anxiety mixed with fear on to have an extensive pineapple $5,562. potato crop Weak Stomach strengthened by BKECHAM'ft
their faces. They were silent and dis plantation in connection.-Titusville was worth $63 an acre; the cane crop, PILLS.
,
heartened. I read in their looks nothingbut Star.
disaster, and that moment I almost
repented of my efforts. Pineapples have figured pretty
"The signal was given, The boat largely among the Winter Haven PAR ES I S (CONSUMPTION TJOS SKAIJT)
moved a short distance, then it stoppedand products this season, and, while most

were became murmers immovable.of discontent,Now agitations there, of them have been sold in Florida can certainly be cured by only ono thin;; namely. Paor. PHEIPS great discovery: ,

whispers and shrugs. I could hear the markets, yet many have gone to various -
words: 'I told you so I' 'I said it wouldbe parts of the United States. Yesterday PAINE'S CELERY COMPOUND.
so !I' 'It is a foolish scheme I l' 'I wish i a shipment was made to Cali

we were all well out of it.' I mounted a fornia-the first we believe, to that Saved From the Insane Asylum. Dear Slr.-I feel itmy duty tell you
small platform and addressed them. I State.-Bartow Courier. what Pained Celery Compound did for me. I can't praise it enough. About ft year ago my
f.aid'Iknew not what was the matter, head troubled me so that it seemed as though I should be crazy. It was caused by over-
but'if they would indulge me a half hour, Five boxes of oranges from Board- Etudy. I asked the advice of two doctors,who Bare me medicine to no effect,and I did not
I would find out and either go on or man passed through this city yester- know what I would< do. I did not want to see anyone,everything seemed.oitranfe. I.
abandon the I went below, examined had a tired languid feeling,my kidneys troubled me.and I felt badly. I read your advertisement
the voyage. and discoveredthat day, consigned to a firm in Balti- in a paper and thought I would try the compound. Before I bad taken half of one
machinery more. This is a late shipment bottle I felt like a new person. Four bottles cured me and I would recommend it to all
the cause was a slight maladjustment that feel the way I did. Yours truly, MM. J. E. WILCOX, Rural P.0.,Wb.Phlslcl3ns .
of some of the works. I had this The Savannah, Florida and Westernhas .
corrected, and the boat was again put in handled oranges every month in Proscribe It. Dear S'rt-l am ranch pleased with the action! ofPaine
motion. She continued to move on but II Celery Compound in those cases where the nert' system was broken- 'down from
; the to this time and if '
year up they where the bad
friends incredulous that orer-work of mind or body. I have seen particularly good results patient
my were so none for the next two months ,could not sleep nights, etc. Three or tourC&eS'
get any they lost all ambition,no appetite,constipated
of them seemed to the
willing accept will have handled the fruit all the of weak emaciated,hysterical females have been cured with the Compound. I have observed
evidence of their We left year
own senses.
that it quiets excitable serves,gives patients better rest increases appetite,regulates
thefair city of New York ; we passed round.-Gainesville Sun. bowels,and is a good remedy to build up broken-down cases generally. Yours truly,
through the romantic scenery of the Mr. John Tatum, from near Sara- R. C. EDcutTox, 1L D., Altona,IlL
..highlands; at last we descried the clustering It is sold by aU reliable druggists. WELLS RICIIARD ON,&CO.,Props., atlli1p>n.VI
.homes of Albany, and reached its sota, was buying goods at Adams'store
shores: And then,at the moment when Tuesday. He informs our re- Beware of worthless imitations' of DIAMOND DYES:





1



i..I .


., .. J.. .
2J. THE FLORIDA DISPATCH FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. 631 {


,
unnecessary ruffles with a score of Care of the Complexion. Mix the Flavors.
Our Rur I fiome. "penny wise and pound foolish" little If you have been spending a day on When you are tired of lemon and

things that could be dispensed with, the water, a little cold cream well vanilla flavoring, try mixing them. '
Joys of the Farmer's Wife.For and spend more time in the open air rubbed into the skin and a few mo- To a teaspoonful of lemon extract add j
Our Rural Home. whether it be at work or play, "chop- ments' repose will do much to restore about a third of a teaspoonful of va-
How sweet are the memories of ping cotton" or tending roses, they the burnt or blistered cuticle. A very nilla, and you will think you have

childhood, of the happy days spenton would not be "old, wrinkled, grey excellent cream, which you may easily discovered a new flavor.
the farm, "in the fardistantVest.." and toothless before thier time." I make yourself, and thereby insure its psiChat.

How sweet the springtime, with its often think the lack of out-of door ex- purity, is made as follows: Almondoil .
myriads of flowers; the Saturday ercise is the cause of so many women four ounces; rosewater, two In looking over the trunks and clos-
afternoons we would spend rambling becoming so tired of Florida. But ounces; cocoa butter, one-half ounce; ets this summer, see if you cannot weed

overt, the hills, gathering the sweet the sun is so warm, is the complaint.Yes spermaceti, one ounce; white wax,one- out many things you have saved for
wild: flowers, or with our buckets to that is true, but the evenings are half ounce, and borax, one-half dram. years. Give away many things you
fill with wild strawberries; and with cool and pleasant, and the more one is Melt the butter, wax and spermaceti have all outgrown, even books and
the:summer's sun came the blackber out the less they feel the heat; at least together. When thoroughly melted pictures. All the pretty dress skirtsof
ties, raspberries, thimble and salmon that is my experience. pour in the oil, rosewater and borax; your family that it is possible to
berries. Then our holiday time was MRS. CHAS. F. MAY. then beat the mixture for fifteen or utilize, rip, wash and tie up, to make

spent along the cool, shady, rippling Eustis. twenty minutes. This is a cream used comforts of in the late summer. Thisis
creek} racing to see which basket extensively in the theatrical professionby pleasant work to sit out on ,the lawn
would be filled first with the luscious A Valuable Secret. people of notably fine complexions.Of and do. You can be out of doors and
berries. There has been a new way discov- course, all violent exercise in warm still be doing something for winter.
ered of laces and lace hand.
We children were all taught to doing up weather, which heats the blood, is apt *
kerchiefs with no possible risk of fail- Burn and destroy all old letters of
work, and each child did his part, to produce unpleasant results on the
and perhaps that is why I, as a farm- ure. This money saving secret shouldbe face. And while nature extends sucha no value; even clothing that has

er's daughter, was happy, and as afarmer's known to every housekeeper who kind invitation to all to enjoy her, it become soiled past cleaning. Nothing
cannot trust the filmy fabrics to the breeds moths faster.
wife am no less so. seems as if violent amusements mightbe
mercies of domestics the risks of
I often wonder why there is so or left to the colder months. A judi- ***
much complaint about the over-workedfanners' impure soaps. cious diet will do much to aid and pre i Get all the sweet summer you can;
Take a china or earthenware bowl eat out doors as often as possible. Sit
wives. With so much complaint serve your complexion during the warm
part full of warm water. After wet- out of doors it will improve your
fruits
there is surely some fault some- season. Strawberries and are ;
ting the articles rub a little of Frank health. Never mind the and tan
where, and it surely is not all on one particularly good for such a purpose, sun
side;. But it is too late to commence Siddall's soap on them, rolling them and a lotion made from strawberries is -it is better than ill health. Have
in a little ball and letting them lie kind of hammock somewhere
up some a
complaint after you are married; you mentioned in an exceedingly old book
in this condition in the water for a in about the place, and rest in it some
should have thought of all this before of a society dame. I noticed achemist's
short time, say ten to twenty minutes.An of the day.
cucumber part
consenting to be a farmer's wife; and the other day a
hour or more will not hurt, but it *
then if you were fooled, rememberyou lotion. This is a very cooling prepara-
took him for better or worse, and is unnecessary, as such articles are tion, as is also one of lettuce water. A light framework fixed around a
make- the best of a bad bargain. If I I: never so very much soiled. An ounce of benzoin, infused drop by tree and covered with cheap cottom
When this is done squeeze the suds will last one season and serve to keep
Was makes ,
such a simpleton as to marry sucha drop-in a quart of rosewater, a
man as I frequently hear some out, rub a little more soap over them delightful and soothing fresh wash. I off draughts of wind and also to givea

.i. women say they have, I surely would' and squeeze again. Then without As you are apt to find only very hard little more privacy from the scrutinyof
try'to muster all my remaining wits : any more rinsing, but leaving the water provided for your bathing pur- the neighbors.
together and try to keep people from clean suds in, spread the articles poses, and this is highly injurious, it blanket**
knowing, that I was such a simpleton. smoothly against a clean mirror and is well to have the ounce of preventionwith Throw a down on the grass
1 think time would be better spent they will dry adhering to the glass, you in the form of benzoin and and tie a little cap over baby's head,
teaching the boys to be good husbands and when dry will be equal to new, rosewater. A good temper and a little put on a light wrap, and let her crawl
than;complaining at the one you have. and certain not to be hurt in the least thoughtful care of one's self will do all around on it and pull clover tops

Teach the boy more sense of justice by the washing. The most delicate wonders toward making and preserv- while you read or sew.
be treated in this withno *
thanto want to go to town and treat laces may way ing a good complexion. .
his.friends when there is work at home fear of their being a particle wornor On rainy days, give attention to

that needs to be done, indoors or out. torn by the operation. On Airing the Bed. indoor things and fix them up to last

How much better is the lot of theworkingman's This is one of the important mattersin till the next rainy day. Coax the
wife anywhere than the Deterioration in the President's household management to which too children to sleep through the heated
farmer's wife? The farmer's living is I English.for little heed is given Beds should be part of the day, then bathe and dress

sure, crops are seldom so poor but Our Rural Home. aired, and well aired, every day. With them, and all go out for your fresh-air

there is plenty for home use, plenty The number of printing establish- regard to the length of time the airing. time. *

of good fresh vegetables, fruits in ments in America is now estimated at should continue, Good Housekeepingsays I house aired from five
abundance, eggs, milk and butter, ten thousand, but it is a painful fact : Just as long as possible. A good Keep the well
while the business man's wife has all that correctness in manuscripts, type way to air the clothes is to place two to seven in the morning, and from
these: to buy, withered, not fresh setting and proof reading has dimin- chairs at the foot of the bed, two or sundown to bed time in the evening,
and crisp as they are on the farm" ished inversely in proportion to the three feet away, then draw the clothes and closed the rest of the time, and
much cooler.
The care of her children is tenfold above noted great increase, and correctness from the bed over them smoothly, you will find it very

that of the farmer's wife; it is much of orthography and excellenceof leaving the mattress bare. In this
harder to keep them under control, for style have not at all kept pace with way the mattress is aired and the A Tonicand

the moment they are on the street this remarkable growth.I clothes have a better chance than
they.come in contact with some other by no means wish to be considered when thrown over chairs. The pil-

children, and very likely a child of by any one who may read and lows are beaten up and placed in the A Pleasure :
evil influence, beside'the many temp criticise my renyria as pretending to I air, but not in the sun, as that makes
tations the towns_ and cities present.On be a standard critic. Still I may be I them smell oily. That's the happy
the farm there is perfect liberty, allowed to assign a few obvious rea- .. combination found inHires'
plenty,.of work ("the devil finds work sons why we see so many glaring blun- Roach Poison.
for idle,hands"), and you know just ders in the spelling and style of man- It may be of interest to some of
Root
what kind, of company your childrenare uscript, proof reading and type settingof the Sitting Room friends to know o//
in, where they are and what they to-day. In the first place, too many a good way to rid the premisesof th' BeerYou
are, doing. You can dress them and editors have encouraged it by suffering pest commonly called ship roaches.
yourself as you please, unmindful of themselves to be imposed on; while Here it is: Boil fresh fish and work
drink it for and
.Madam Grundy. They can laugh others (and they are not too scarce) into smooth paste and mix well with pleasure, get
and shout without disturbing their are not qualified to ride the editor's Carter's roach poison, and place in K physical benefit. A wholesome -

neighbors, and you can join in their tripod. The second cause may be their haunts. It should be renewed refreshing, appetizing,
noise too if you like. stated as follows: "The editor and the daily to be successful-ISA. thirst quenching drink.
If the "over.workedarmers', wives" type setter will see to it, and will so -** :

would spend more hours having a correct and amend my manuscript thatit For, Malaria,Liver Trouble One package' makes five gallons.Don't .
good time with their children instead will pass muster anyhow." I may W deceived dealer,for ttt.'.ah
,or_ Indigestion of J larger profit, teO you.jom other kiM
o unnecessary' house cleaning and recur to this subject. is'.just..eood'-'I..(Jse.! K.Jnltattim
baking, tHe making and ironing of S. W. CARSON. BROWN'S IRON BITTERS "u,OOd U 1M a..w..Hnzs'.



F .



632 THE FLORIDA DISPATCH,__FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. [AUGUST 11, 1892. _

.

convince himself who is willing to I I river water lapping the bulkheads.The .

(goodCondition JieaUh. take a stroll of an hour through its only criticism we could offer is, The Pinep .

p streets and alleys. These latter are that the sewer pipes terminate too

of Jacksonville. full of jogs and shoulders and offsets; close to the water's edge. This is especially Edited by JOHN IJ.Fla.1IEACII, Melbourne,
it is oaten the case that an alley or the case under the great rail-
Probably a l large majority of the even a street will come to an abrupt road wharves, where the flats at the Pineapple Culture in the Bahamas.At .

people of the State believe the me- and absolute termination right in a mouth of Hogan creek are exposed at Governor's Harbor was found a

tropolis to be a constant menace to block of houses, ending nowhere, so low tide, and the sewers pour out their thriving settlement of, perhaps, four-

the State on account of its unsanitary to speak. But each house or shanty, contents on dry land, creating a nuis- teen hundred people, with about one-
no matter how h.umble, has its garb- ance and a menace. If the sun could tenth white. The bulk of the population
condition. The writer would
proba- age box or barrel standing in front. shine on these flats doubtless the unsanitary is concentrated in a rocky cay,
bly have been included in that num- The yard is generally of naked sand, conditions would be aggra- of about three hundred yards in length

ber a month ago. But he determinedto apparently swept every day, often vated. and one hundred yards in width, which i

investigate for himself, and while tenanted by a flock of cackling and This narrative cannot be brought to is joined to the main island by a sandy

making no pretensions whatever as a singing hens; and on the hottest July a close without the writer's admissionthat beach, forming the harbor. Here the
day at noon there was positively no he was poisoned by sewer gas un- culture of the pineapple is conducted
he believed and still
sanitary expert offensive material or exhalation about der the wharves. For about two weekshe under the best auspices; the lands are

believes that any man of intelligencecan any of the scores of humble premiseswe had a very severe headache every owned by the planters, and every effort .

detect filth and disease-breeding inspected, except, of course, the day, though there never were any indications is made by them to improve the qualityand
conditions when he sees them. race odor, which is peculiar to the col of fever of any type. increase the quantity of their crop.

THE. CREMATORY. ored man and brother, just as the race AN EXPERT QPINION. Of the lands in these islands only on

This is situated about three odor of the Chinese, of a distinctly In 1889 Joseph Voyle, C. E., wroteas those having a red soil will the pineap-
quartersof different character, is to them follows: plegrow with the greatest success, al-
a mile back from the river, on Ce- : UNDER THE WHARVES. What of Jacksonville? We find no though it may be grown of an indifferent -

dar street, in a negro quarter. It is a I The sanitary authorities of the city large areas of sawdust there. There are quality on the gray soil, which is
handsome streets, clean as can be in any
small, rough-board building of two had only recently made an official business city, and it is situated partiallyon more common. This red earth owes
stories. The upper story slants up- inspection of the river front, and an- high sand ridges, with the broad St. its color primarily to the iron in its
other would be Johns river on one side and arms of the composition, and its greater fertility to
made
ward one not soon
from
the level of the
street to very ;
river on the other, with natural drainagein the decayed algae which were thrownup
the top of the furnaces, and the scav- so, upon the assurance of these authorities both directions. What can cause the by the sea in those remote cycles
that there was no danger and epidemic there? We must hunt for some-
enger carts drive in and dump their different when these islands were forming. This
akin
needed
no precaution the writer pro- thing possibly to condi-
contents on the floor close beside the cured a yawl and hired a stout tions noted elsewhere.At decomposed vegetable matter is rich
mouths of the two furnaces. Theseare make his negroto the wharves and railroads there is in potash, and is found in holes .and
an
inspection on
own
huge brick ovens, about the shapeof a large area of dead vegetable matter pockets, crannies and caves in the
responsibility. We rowed along the exposed, but it is dry; in the marshes
a Dutch each terminating rock all through the islands and under
oven, one -
river front and about a quarter of a there is a large wet area, but it is covered ,
at the top in an iron ring or collar, mile under the railroad and steamship I with living vegetable matter. The the name of cave earth it is sought after
and_covered with an iron cap. Mostof wharves. marshes have _been! built out upon, the and applied to add fertility to the
the grating consists of iron tubes, river margin has been built out upon, soil. Thus a limit is placed upon the
through which streams of cold water THE BULKHEADS. Has any new work been done? No. Whatis area of land which is most desirablefor
Nearly the entire river front is now the material of the filling? Principallyslabs the cultivation of the
are kept constantly circulating, to refuse from saw mills, sometimes pineapple,
prevent the fierce heat from destroying very well bulkheaded with piling and covered by a layer of earth, and some- and good available land is correspondingly
them. plank, filled in behind with sand or times by a cover of plank. appreciated, selling readily at
The garbage, which at the time of brick and mortar debris. The same Let us examine this pile of the road from eighty to one hundred dollars per
be said of the of the blocks used in the steeets. Cypress
our visit consisted almost one-half of may greater part
trees about the size of large acre.The
melon rinds is in railroad and steamship wharves, on telegraph red or Cuban is the
scooped large quantities poles are cut into blocks about five inches variety one
down into these ovens and shut the back side, where they jut againstthe long. These are placed end up on boards, mostly cultivated, it being much preferred .
in, when the powerful flames sweep. shore. In one place this processof the crevices filled with small pieces and ( for quality and size. The plantsare
ing along close above it soon lick it renewal is now going on; in others. sand. It is claimed that being made of propagated by offsets or suckers,
into very fluffy ashes. The debriscan and especially on the lower reaches of cypress, there would be no rotting, and taken from the older plants after the
of
consequently no danger disease from
hardly be called ashes-it is a Hogan creek, the old slab bulkheads, these blocks. fruit is cut. They are set out in Au-

black-looking mass, consisting largelyof of which so much complaint has been During the early summer there was an gust, and sometimes bear the next
the wrecks of tin cans. It is made, and which present such a slovenly unusually extended drouth. The rainy year, but a full crop is not obtained

drawn out in the lower story, shoveledon appearance, are slowly rotting season set in in August.The until eighteen months after planting.The .
conditions we find in Jacksonvilleare
to a tram-car and wheeled out intoa down untouched. Still, we are unableto that these road blocks furnish acres cutting season begins in May\ ,
low piece of ground back of the see that these are any more objectionable upon acres of dead vegetable matter. and from that time until the harvest is
crematory, which is thus being filled than the rotting cypress blocksof During the early part of the hot season the ended is the active season of the year
the street pavements.THE blocks were dry. When the rainy season with the gathering, packing and shipping ,
up.The sets in
they present an immense surfacefor
fires are maintained on sawmill SEWERS. of the fruit. The fields are not '
evaporation, each block being a miniature
slabs. The burly negro in at- The tide was in, and we rowed over sponge. As long as this surfacewas immediately contiguous to the settle-
tendance stated that he had a contract or very close to the outlets of severalof dry there was no epidemic. As ment, but are planted up and down
with the city to run the crematory these, which are iron pipes about soon as it became saturated with water the island, where the soil is propitious.

day and night for $95 a month. It twenty inches in diameter. City Physician tion the conditions over large for continuous evapora- Many of them are several miles away,
a area were ,
.takes three cords of wood a day. Burroughs informs us that small and coincident therewith the complete epidemic and the field hands go to and from

About eighteen cartloads of garbageare sewer pipes are now preferred to largerones began. If then, on the return of dry their work in small cat.boats, thirty-
brought in during the day,which as they do not harbor so much weather the epidemic abates, it will fur- five of which were counted in Governor's

shrinks in varying proportions, according gas. Tens of thousands of catfish, oration ther corroborate of water the from evidence a surface that of evap-dead Harbor one morning. They go

to the, character of it, from large and small, were hovering aroundthe vegetable matter, under a suitable tem- out with the dawn and return at sun-
three'to eight' cartloads being the re- outlets of the pipes, waiting to se- perature, is intimately associated with down. The plants grow so thicklythat
siduum. cure particles of food. A spear could conditions favorable to yellow fever in after the first year, but little cultivation
From 10 p. m. until 4 a. m. every not have been thrust down throughthe epidemic form. is required, and their serrated
day the work of emptying the closetsof water without transfixing one or But elsewhere, speaking of Gaines-i leaves form a prickly thicket that it

the city is carried on, and the con- more of them; in fact, it is the innumerable ville's visitation of yellow fever, was found impossible to penetrate,
tents are brought to the crematoryand i shoals of these scavengers, through the whole of which he passed, without injury to person and clothing,
consumed in the same manner as with their unquestioning appetites, he says : "I can trace no case where and yet the negro field hands, with a

the_ garbage. Each householder paysa that have doubtless saved many a man the disease was carried from an infected better understanding of how to do it,

weekly tax of fifty cents for this from fever along the water front in spot by anything or any means other would easily pass through it barefooted,
service, and the rules respecting the former times. than a sick person who was himself or without harm or difficulty. \

proper keeping of the vessels are rig-, THE RIVER FRONT. herself infected." The crop will vary greatly, being
idly norced.'t' from eight hundred to fifteen hundred
IN THE NEGRO But at present we are bound to ad- For Mental Depression dozen per acre. It has been doubled
QUARTERS.
mit there was no debris in sight along U,e lIor rord'" Acid Phosphate.Dr. I in recent years by the use of commercial -
Whatever may be the condition of the whole river front, except melon L. C. S. Turner, Colfax, la., } fertilizers especially prepared for
these outside of the city limits, insideof rinds at the boatyard. There was absolutely says : "I am very much pleased withit this crop, of which a thousand barrels
tHe
city proper there is really noth- nothing under the wharves in mental
depression from gastric were used in 1890 in the district of
ipgto. t complain, of, as any one may but the forest of piling and the clear troubles." Governor's Harbor, costing about sevF ;



:
: -

II I
I
I I





I _i AUGUST 11, 1892] THE FLORIDA DISPATCH, FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. 633

I t
en dollars and a half a barrel. For- tartaric of ammonia, and .2 gr mmes. ference of oxygen from the hydrogento eEDeeoooee

merly it was the practice to plant a of sulphate of ammonia. the carbon atoms. Tfc cnnllort: Pill in the World!
field and crop it for three or four years, Furthermore, the experiments with t "As examples of this we have (a) < and then, as the soil became exhausted, the nitrifying microbes that breed in lactic acid fermentation in which Provided the great Organs

let it come up to scrub; and after lay- the root nodules of leguminosae would there is decomposition of certain car- of,the there body are are few not disease irreparably thatfrinyliver injured -(0

ing fallow, as it were, for ten or twelve show that they obtain and fix free bohydrates into lactic acid; this, as

years clear it up and go through the nitrogen gas from the air. The physi- we have seen, being always associated TUTT'S

routine again. Now, however, under ological condition and structure of with the presence and activity of a

",the' present use of fertilizers, the soil animals and plants is such that they certain group of micro-organisms; ((6)) : Pills:

does not become impoverished, and must have full access to the free oxy-- the alcoholic fermentations brought
for of the air to maintain life but about in a similar manner by yeasts not cure. By their action the
renewed
the plantations can be a gen ; Swill( } the Spleen,the Heart and the(0
much longer time, and so far none I many of the microbes, especially thoseof (putrefactive) decomposition changes, Kidneys are brought Into harmonious
have been allowed to return to the putrefaction and disease, can exist ; (i) of simple inorganic compounds, }action body follow and health their, vigor use.' of Doa mind small.and(""

wild state.-Transactions Massachusetts and multiply by using the oxygen of such as combinations of the fatty Price,25c. Office,39 Park Place,N.Y.

Horticultural Society. organic compounds in solutions from acids with lime, or ((2)) of organic 0000000000TO

which free oxygen has been exhaustedor compounds, such as fibrin and other

Microbes and Their Digestion. shut off. The microbes that must proteids. Then we have also the SHIPPERS OF FRUITWANTED :

Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: have access to the air are calledEerobies acetic fermentation already referredto

Between the animal and vegetable and the others Anserobies, nitrification or mineralization, -

kingdoms there is a middle ground while some, for instance yeasts, exist chromogenic fermentation, and that Lemons, Oranges, Grapes, Peaches,
forms of life that in both conditions, but produce the series of changes in which we have Apples, Berries, Green and
occupied by
partake vinous and other specific fermenta- the production of ptomaines." Dried Fruits.Will .
sometimes, of the motile and tions only when air is excluded. In E. S. HUBBARD.

digestive powers of the lowest forms of one sense there is a great similarity [TO BE CONTINUED.] pay cash. Send for a Daily Bulletin.M. .

insects or worms, and again of the between the corpuscles of blood, the E. BALLARD & CO.,

modes of vegetative reproduction and chlorophyll of plants and microbes, QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ 3449 Cottage Grove Ave., Chicago nl.,
refuse products. They do not, how- for the office performed by the ptyalinand Q C5:> General Produce Commission Merchant and

ever, contain the digestive organs of other animal ferments, the dias- Fraud BUYERS Fruit \Wrappers\ | Shippers. 7-28-6010

true animals, or the chlorophyll of true tase of plants, and the invertion, a

i plants. enzymes and ptomaines of microbesin 2 NO MORE CHEATING. |
Some philosophers were inclined to the conversion of food are identi-
3 Consumers of Fruit Wrappers may
c>
mass them into a division called pro cal. In fact, one investigator con- now know that they get an honest Cream
tista, to include infusoria, diatomacece, siders blood corpuscles true microbes of 480 sheets and not 400 or 320 5;

fungi, moulds and allied species, as whose diversified office and functionsin (3 sheets to ream as some unscmpulouso
well as the ferment, decay and disease different parts of the body are < dealers supply. CI '

producing germs, which the French measurably comparable with the ability I OUR ("( FAIR AND SQUARE |
savant, Sedillot, collectively named of true microbes to change their
habits and under L Wrappers are put up in packages of C Evidently D. S. Morgan & Co.,of Brockport
microbes. form, products va- 1000 each, and each Wrapper is num- c N. Y., believed in calling things by their right
conditions of food and climate. names when they designated the implement
The recent investigations however rying &
,
from
tiered, in printing,consecutively manufactured by them for cultivating the soil the
do not favor a separate grand division, Considering the similarity of these 1 to 1000.< No one can C, "Spading Harrow." This word spading, wnich}
the of relations and how the earth's soil is was first applied by: D Morgan &Co.,meansa
owing to difficulty forming an | great deal, used in connection with the 'word
exact classification, and are inclinedto filled with microbes, which are con- HONESTLY BEAT | harrow. 'You may exhaust Webster and Worcester -
and it still be true that "The hair has never
place most of these forms of life, in tinually throwing off invisible spores I 3 our prices. Send for samples and C' been told." The spades dig up as well as pulverize -
connection with the lowest in the whenever the conditions of organic 2 prices to the ground; but we will not attempt a description -
,
of the work done by this toot; a trial of
vegetable kingdom. Fungi and matter, heat and moisture are favora- | The Jersey City Printing Co. I IQ it is necessary to convince you of the wonders it
will accomplish in the soil. Are you a dealer?
moulds much resemble plants in their ble, there is much real truth in the Would you like to control in your section a novelty
growth and appearance, exceptingtheir conceptions of artists that represent JERSEY CITY, N. J.FITS. in the implement line? Then add to your
of the
parasitic habits, growing at the epidemics, like yellow fever and chol- ol ooooe l aeoeoaeooeee OOI stock Spading agricultural Harrow. Are implements you a farmer?Morgan Would

expense of true plants or decaying organic era, as spectres of hideous visage, you convert in the Morgan your farm Spading into Harrow.a garden? Then invest

matter, which is a destructive brooding over the land and sowing I CURE ------ -----

process, like the feeding of animals, sickness and death in their progress. When I say eur.I do not mean merely to atop them NORTH CAROLINA COLLEGE/
instead of constructive, like that of Says Dr. Ames Woodhead, in sum- for a time and then hare them return again. I mean a I BIT. PLEASANT, N. C. 4
I bars made the disease of FITS EPILEPSY
true vegetation. marizing protoplasmic oxidization : radical CUN. udl. I Next session will begin Sept L Classical Scientific;
or FALLING SICKNESS a hle-Iong I I Academic Deportment. Preparatory
and Philosophical courses.
Theirmodeof propagation, however, "It is evident, then, that all ferments warrant ray remedy to sure the wont ease. Because for College. Commercial Department, full
others hare failed ia no reason for not now receiving a coarse. Instruction thorough and practical. Good
differs from that of plants or animals, may be classed under two great heads; eurs. Bend at one for a,treatise and a Free Bottle of brick bufldmrs. Beautiful and healthful location. Expenses .
in that, excepting in a few cases, there firstly, the organized ferments or the piy Infallible remedy. Give Express and Port Of!! .. For catalogue per session and of further 88 weeks information*IOO.OO,to addrera$1 O.UU.the
is nothing approaching male and female active, unstable protoplasmic cells of II. O. ROOT, M. C., 183 Pearl ..t.. V. Y. President.' Her.J.D.8I1IKEY.

organs, the cellular tissue, after yeasts, bacteria, of plants and animals; --

it has gained strength or maturity, secondly, the unorganized ferments or .VAVTION--Beware ofdealers W. Douglas)sub..t -
throwing out seed spores that detach enzymes which we have spoken of as name Bach svbstltatlons andthe price. 11 L. DOUGLAS J J

and float away in the air to vegetate the separable functions of more highly abject to prosecution': .
again under proper food conditions.The developed cells, both of them be- der taming false money. .irandalentand$3'SHOE FOR

lowest forms of soil microbes, as ing, however, associated with the GENTLEMEN.A .
far as observed, however, possess no nutritive and other metabolic changesof genuine sewed shoetbat will not rip i Una Calf.
comfortable stylish
Mamless,smooth inside,flexible more
.. chlorophyll like plants, and are incapable protoplasm that of simple vegetablecells and durable than any other shoe ever sold at the price.
custom-made shoes costing from$4 to 13.
;, of absorbing and converting or of highly organized gland Y' {/ Equals The only 83.00 tthoe made with two complete
outside (as shown In cut),
soles,securely sewed at the edge
.. carbon di-oxide gas, thus having to cells. Hoppe-Seyler classifies the 'which gives double the wear of cheap welt shoes sold at theLsame
.. depend on organic or mineral carbon whole of the fermentations as follows: si V price for strip such of easily leather rip on having the edge only,and one when sole sewed once

compounds; yet they do have power to 'I. Ferments which bring about hy- / 4 (y worn The through two solesof are worthless.the W. L.DOUGLAS 83.00 Shoe
and dration or hydrolysis these when worn through can be repaired as many times as
feed the cause ,
decompose on nitrogen neoesoary,M they will never rip or loosen from the upper.
.of chemical compounds, as was demo being divided into (a) those that act d | Purchasers mite,should of consider footwear the desiring superior to qualities'econo-

onstrated by Winogradsky, who culti- like boiling mineral acids, all of which s of to buy these cheap shoes welt and shoes not be sold Influenced at$3DO.

., vated the nitrifying microbes in Lake belong to the enzyme group; and ((6)) ti having. only W. J appearance,/IU HULAS to commendthem. fllen'e
Zurich water, which is very free from ferments acting like caustic alkalies, 84 $3OPolice Hand
and Farm-
!
fie
organic matter, sulphate of ammonia in which we have the process' of decomposition I ers:82.3O MnejCall't .2.Mand !

supplying the nitrogen, and chemical (i) of fats into glycerineand 9 $7 82.00:.SchoolshoesLadies': Workingmen's'

carbonates the carbonic acid. Pasteur, fatty acids as in saponification, 3.00 S Hand Sewed:87.30.

,. even with yeast ferment, by carefully which results from the action both of :T Is_flIE1G sri3. < 8175 82.00 Best and Dongow misses
all conditions favorable the directly and of the unorganized 't 'L, are of the same nlg>
keeping was organisms ..y'f" r W; '" OJ: h. standard of muI .
able to bread Saccharomyces Pastorianus ferments. 2, decomposition -< !1 'h... .
t ..A. lit WO
and produce fermentation, though of amido-or ammonia-nitro- WILL .., .. 'f1f.' .. ., ,.
.. less rapid, in a mixture containing I SO gen compounds, which is also usually 'O Jll --4 ;;,.

*-.. c, c. of a 10 per cent. solution ofsugar associated with hydrolysis.' II. In -
of the the second Hoppe-Seyler places Will rlre ezelaslra sale ta s.ee dealers and general merchants where I faaTOigents.
candy ((5-10)), .5 grammes group for catalogue. If net for sale la Your place send direct to Factory,
.. ash_.of yeast (2 10)), .2 amraes of bi- fermentations in which there is trans- tat tea>.. kind Write also an* width wa ted. Postage free. We It Douglas, ..lJroCJUllhI *.



j :
.
.
-
.


.. FARMERS ALLIANCE. .





ORGAN Of THE STATE FARMERS UMiIflflCE Alb IflDUSTlJIfllt I UIO1.



VoL VL "Agriculture is the
Basis of Wealth No. 82.

-

Manatee County Alliance. manding the enactment of them into ed from the officers of the law as longas earthly swarms
by letting things
WHEREAS The declaration of laws run,
purposes for the benefit of the masses and possible.A and
occasionally
launching a thunder.
as set forth by the Farmers' Alliance not for classes.
of
want virtue does
not bolt.
injure
High up on one side in
an
declares that, "We labor for Then, Resolved, That the Farmers their women, and a woman with ille- Olympian seclusion from
the
the education of class in the science Alliance away
our of Manatee county, as an gitimate children is much
as respected noise and strife, sits a board, calm as
of economical government" in a organization, will not merge into or among them as those who have none. fate, and panoplied in the responsibility -
strictly nonpartisan spirit; and while become a part of but Of
any party, course there are exceptions among of chance, whose function
seemsto
the great objects of the order are pledges its support to the demands, as both men and women, and some who be that of switch-shifters in their
necessarily political in their characterin announced by the order and demands
deserve ceedit for the they windowed
progress cubby at a network of rail-
the broadest and highest sense ol their enactment into laws through all have made, but I speak of them as a way intersections collis-

that term; and while it seeks to inculcate parties alike.-Manatee\ Advocate. race. We have done for them all that prevent

those principles which are essen- fAn could be expected of an impoverished ions.At both ends of the floor and alongone
tial to a pure republican form of Unresponsive Race.A .
people. Our efforts in their behalf side are narrow railed-off

government founded on true Jeffersonian correspondent of the GainesvilleSun have not been appreciated. I have full of clerks figuring at desks, of spaces tel-

ideas, yet it cannot, from the gives to the restlessness not seen the
very nature of its organism, become expression great advantages promisedby egraph operators clicking their machines

partisan or subservient to partisan felt by many people of this State educating the negro. I for one of messenger boys arrivingand
am tired of the farce and think it timeto
in
departing haste of
control. It seeks to impress under the burden of negro education : unprivileged
upon
call a halt. Our duty in the futureis
member that in his In these operators nervously watching the scene
capacity as days when all
every we are
poor, to our own race, giving to the negroall and waiting the chance of a word with
citizen his first and is
a highest duty the
man and who that
negro woman live belongs to him. some one on the floor through noiseless .
to his That whatever : ...
country. policiesor in idleness and
.. pay.. no tax are schooled : swinging doors men are. enteringand
will -
principles secure the largest from a tuna collected irom the labor I The Chamber of "Options and
liberty to the citizens consistent with departing every moment; men ina
of the
poor white farmer, his wife and Futures.
hurry, men with anxious faces
conscious
public safety and best promote the children. They must have a nice One of the most curious and inter- that the fate of the is
general welfare should be the creed of framed building of the best material in the country
; esting places world is a chamberin in their hands. On the floor itself are

his political faith and the guide of his lumber planed, tongued and grooved the business heart of New Yorkif five hundred, perhaps a thousand,

political action. floor, glass windows, one end of the that scene of struggle and passioncan men gathered for the most in
The order has announced a set of house ceiled part
and painted for a black. be said to have a heart-situated small about little
stands
demands which the basis of all groups upon
are board ; elegant patent desk and seat ; midway where the currents of eager- the summit of which is a rallying legend

reform in this country todayand stands everything in tip top style. Well, it is ness to acquire the money of other peo talking, laughing,

pledged to secure the enactment. of said that all this comes out of the appropriation pie, not to make it, ceaselessly meet good natured, indifferent,screaming excited,,
these demands into laws.
made for the school. I and dash against each other. If we running hither and thither in response -

We contend that, that_ which pro grant that, but the question is from I could suppose there was a web covering to changing figures in the
motes the prosperity 01 the farmers whose pockets did the this .
appropriationcome the
region, spun by most checkerboard squares on the
and laboring classes generally, solves the white or black man's? In alert and busy of men to catch those wall opposite calm great
; cynical one moment
the problem of national prosperity.We my precinct, one that pays a large tax, less alert and more productive, here in i the next violently agitated,
believe the principles that we we have school house this
no and until chamber would sit the ingenious shouting gesticulating, rushing to-
espouse are right. recently we have had no school this spiders. But the analogy fails for
We believe that spiders gether, shaking their fists in a tumultof
they are groundedon year, because there was not do
enough not prey upon each other. passion which presently subsides.

equity, justice and truth. children to make a daily average attendance Scientists say that the human system The swarms ebb and flow about
We believe that they would secure of ten. We have had to has two
nerve.centers-one in the these little stands-bees not
bringingany
,
number.the "greatest" good to the greatest combine with another precinct to get a brain, to which and from which are honey, but attracted to the hive

school. The negroes have a school telegraphed all movements dependingupon where it is rumored most honey is to

We believe that the trend of na- house and have had a winter school the will, and another in the smallof be had. By habit some always stand

tional legislation for the past twenty- enough. The circuit courts cost the the back-the center of the involuntary or sit about a particular hive
waiting
five years has been to make the "rich" county in 1891, $9,981.55 ; 85 criminal operations of respiration, digestion for the show of comb. By and by

man richer and the poor man poorer, cases were tried; 8 were acquitted and so on. It may be fancifulto there is a stir; the crowd thickens

by fostering monopolies, combines, 77 plead guilty or were convicted.The suppose that in the national system one beardless youth shouts out the;

and trusts. As an organization theFarmers' spring court cost $1,365.60 Washington is the
; 19 one nervous center figure 'nne.halanother; howls

Alliance espouses no party.It I cases were tried, 2 acquitted, 17 guil and New York the other. And yet it "three-eighths." The first one nods.It .
espouses measures and advocates ty. Much of this has been does sometimes
money seem that the nerves is done. The electric wire runningup
purposes. Therefore we claim that it paid to negro witnesses and spent to and ganglions in the small of the backin the stand quivers and takes the

cannot consolidate with or organizea convict negro criminals who have had the commercial
metropolis act auto figure, passes it to all the other wires,
political party.ist school advantages. All now in jail matically and without any visible intervention transmits it to every office and hotel in
Because
such consolidation or are young men. Very seldom is an of intelligence. For all the city, to all the "tickers" in ten

coalition would make such party a old negro before the court. Thous- that, their operations may be as essen I thousand chambers and"bucket shops"and

class party or a political faction. ands and thousands of dollars have tial as the other, in which the will- offices in the republic.

ad. Because the Farmers Allianceas been spent in this county to school the sometimes into deadlock Suddenlyon
power gets a the bulletin boards in New Orleans
,
an organization would cease to exist negro in the last twenty.five years and and sometimes telegraphs the
most Chicago, San Francisco Podunk
; the moment it yielded its sovereignty the court experience of a little over eccentric and incomprehensible or Liverpool the ,
,
mysterious
appear
as a farmers organization it one year shows that as a race they are ders. Puzzled by these contradictions, "three-eighths, electrifying the
would become
something else. I growing yearly more vicious, idle, some philosophers have said that there watchers of these boards, who beginto

3rd. Because to merge into or worthless and less law-abiding. Muchof may be somewhere outside of these jabber and gesticulate and "transact
become a part of any one party would this is due to the -
procrastinationand two material centers another power business." It is wonderful.
drive those belonging to all other leniency prevailing in our courts. that keeps affairs moving along with What induced the beardless
parties out of the order which is young
con Going to the penitentiary does not some steadiness.
man to make this "investment" in
trary to the fundamental principles of disgrace them. On their return after This
the order. noble chamber has a large irregular "three-eighths," who can tell? Perhaps -
serving out a sentence, they are met area of floor
space-is very he had heard he into
as came
Standing upon this plane of political and welcomed by large crowds. In high, and has running around three the room that the Secretary of the

thought, we most earnestly invite the. county schools they get the rudiments sides a narrow elevated gallery, from Treasury was going to make a call of
all
men, regardless of party affiliation, of education from
an the penitentiary which spectators can look down fives
he
to give demands upon ; perhaps had heard that Bismarck
our their careful they return educated scoun- the throng below. Upon a raised had said that the French blood
thought (from
an unprejudiced, unbiased drels. They encourage lawlessness, dais at one side sits the presiding ge- was too thin and needed a little more

and lend, and their non partisan standpoint, for if a convict escapes or a murderer j.nius-of the place, who rules very much iron; perhaps he had heard that a
operation in de is. '
at he is harbored
large, and protect-- Jupiter
was supposed to govern the norther in Texas had killed a herd oCTHE



AvatlST,11,1892J., THE .FLORIDA DISPATCH, FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER. 635


.
cattle, or that two; grasshoppers had WEATHER AND CROPS. ing cotton in Leon; corn and fruit in ] have died in pineapple fields.

been seen in the neighborhood of Fargo, Leon and Sumter; fences, timber and Water tanks low.
or that Jay Hawker had been observed For the Week Ending August 8th, houses in Sumter and Marion; unroofing Kissimmee-Heavy thunderstorm on
1892. houses in Jefferson, and doing some dam- 5th. The rain did much good but moreis
that morning hurrying to his brokers age in Walton and Lee. needed. Cane is doing fairly.
This bulletin is
with a scowl on his lace and his hat based upon thirty-one CROPS. Lloyds-Past week cool, cloudy, showery -

pulled over his eyes. The young man reports from regular correspondents, Plowing for fall crops of beans, toma- and detrimental to crops. Cotton,
sold what he did not have, and the representing twenty-six counties of the toes and squash has commenced in except on clay soils, doing poorly. Saving -

other young man bought what he will Stateand, reports of local correspondentsof Lake, and planting potatoes continues in of fodder cropdehL.ed. Local whirlwind -
mile long and 2oO yards wide, unroofed
newspapers, representing three addi- De Soto and Nassau counties.
never
get. five dwellings, blew down outhouses -
This is business of the higher and I tional counties. REMARKS BY CORRESPONDENTS. and fences, but no lives lost.

almost immaterial sort and has an ele RAINFALL. Apalachicola-Shower after shower; M rritt's Island-our rainfall for July

ment of faith in it, and, as one may The rainfall for the State was badly everything wet. Ground too full of wan 5.03 inches, but the ground is not
water to work. Wells full. Crab thoroughly wet yet.lIiccOThunderstorms.
say, belief in the unseen, whence it is distributed, being in excess in the central having its own way. grass and rains last

characterized by an expression- and some western counties,and generally Avon Park-After a week's drouth, few days greatly relieved growers' fears.

; "dealing in futures." It is not gamb- deficient in other sections. Excessive present rains good. Rainfall,August 5th, Trees had begun to drop leaves badly.

ling, for there are no "chips" used, rains injured potatoes in Alachua and 2.15 inches, the heaviest of the season. Pineanples doing as well as usual.
More rain needed to level up the lakes. Drouth has injured potatoes.Tilton1V'eatherexcellent..
and there is roulette-table in counties cotton in Leon
no sight, Washington ; Archer-:Most too much rain for pota- Cane,potatoes
and there are no piles of money or Holmes and Jefferson;the fodder crop in toes and fodder, but orange trees are ground peas figs, peas and almost -

piles of anything else. It is not a Madison, Leon, Holmes and Alachua; benefited. all gardens doing well. Heavy

lottery, for there is no wheel at which fruit in Washington, and crops generallyin Amelia Weather fine. The light thunderstorm on 4th. No damage.
showers good for setting sweet potatoes, Molino-Past week generally fair with
impartial men preside to insure honest Franklin Jefferson
and Walton coun-
Crop prospects good. Much distant occasional light showers. Cane and potatoes -
drawings, and there are no predes- ties, and favored the growth of crab thunder south of station. look well. Abundant hay and

tined blanks and prizes, and the man grass and retarded farm work in Franklin Bristol-PaSt week cloudy and more pea crop looked for.MadisonFodder.

who buys and the man who sells can county. A deficiency of rainfall is pleasant; rainfall light at station but crop being gathered;
do something either in the reported from the counties of Brevard, heavier in other parts of the county. many complaints of its rotting on account
Dade Duval and Escambia.
newspapersor Jupiter, Bradfordville-Have had enough rain. of excessive rains. Cotton is
elsewhere, to affect the worth of the Dade county, reports only 0.08 of an inch Need dry weather for housing tobacco, ing in many sections. open-

investment, whereas, in a lottery, of rain during the whole month of July, saving fodder, etc. Cotton not doing Myers\ -:More than usual number of
everything depends upon the turn of the least since the establishment of station well. Corn not up to expectations, the thunder storms, by which some trees
January 1, ]1888 ; that pineapple not well filled have been
the blind wheel. It is not ears being out. torn. Generally the rain has
necessary, plants are dying_ and that water tanks Clermont-The long drouth is ended; not been in excess in this section, and
however, to attempt a defense of the are drying up. Young oranges are split-
well.
and crops are doing Young
chamber. It is one of the recognizedways ting open in Lee county; cisterns low in growing crops doing nicely every- splitting some. oranges
thing pointing to a good crop of oranges open
of and Brevard and lakes in Orange. The heavy Oxford The week's rains for
becoming important pow- and guavas. Truckers plowing for fall past good
erful in this world. The privilege of rains were very beneficial to orange crop of beans, tomatoes and squash. the soil, oranges goobers, etc. A wind
groves in Alachua, Sumter, Orange, storm the 6th blew down fences and
on
Crescent We have had
City- good
the floor it is
called-in
-a seat as this
Lake, Putnam and DeSoto counties to
; timber and fruit trees and
injured
weather this week almost the corn.
temple of the god Chance to be Richis potatoes in Sumter, Nassau, Holmes, Es- growing first of the Heavy thunderstormsbut :Many trees were struck by lightning on
worth more than a seat in the Cab- cambia, Wakulla and DeSoto counties; year. The the 3d and 5th.
no damage reported.
to peanuts in Sumter and Wakulla to orange
inet. It is not only true that a for peas in Wakulla, Santa Rosa, Escambia; crop is good and will be an average crop. Ocala-The rain of the 2d was heavy

tune may be made here in a day or and DeSoto; to cane in DeSoto, Escam Cerro Gordo-Sunshine plentiful; there here, and heavier in the southeastern

lost here in a day, but that a nod anda bia, Wakulla and Holmes; to grass in mometer 100 in the shade on several dates; section of the county. The electric light

wink here enable people all over the Sumter, Escambia and DeSoto; to cottonin this hastened by fifteen days the time of plant was. injured in some places by
Madison to rice in DeSoto to in fodder pulling. lightning.OrlandoThe
; corn
land to ruin others or ruin themselveswith ; rains during the week
Holmes to in Lake to lemons in Crawfordville rain weekto
; guavas ; -Enough past
The relation of the thunder storms
celerity. were accompanied by ;
I Orange; to fruits in Hillsborough; to push crops on. Foddersaved. Cotton
chamber to the business of the country I truck: }plowing? in Lake and to crops gen- slightly; improved. Sugar cane, potatoes, no casualties.favorable.The weather on the whole
was
is therefore evident. If an earthquake erally in Nassau, Clay, Duval Osceola; peas and peanuts flourishing. Encour- Pine Level-Fine rains. Peas and or-
should suddenly sink this temple and and Lee counties. aging outlook for crops. trees look well.
The rainfall for the State ranged from DeFuniak Springs-Impossible for ange
all its votaries into the bowels of the Pensacola-Nothing suffering but a
trace: at Hypoluxo to 5.76 inches at Ox- growing drops to recover from the effectsof
earth with all its little more rain would be acceptable.St. .
nervousness and all
ford. Ocala reports 3.40 incites of rain past two months' rains and cloudy
Andrews So much weather is
wet
its electricity, it is appalling to think in two and a half hours on the 2d inst. weather. -
injuring and fruits.St. .
what would become of the business of Amounts of measured rainfall are reported Hypoluxo-Excessive heat past week. ::> Petersburg-Abundant potatoes rains suffi-
the country.CHARLES DUDLEY WARNER as follows: Apalachicola, 4.00; Temperature 97 on July 30th, the highestin cient for present needs. ;
Avon Park, 2.80; Amelia, 0.55; Archer, twenty years. Drouth severe.
in a "Little in the Titusvifie heavy thunder showeron
Journey 3.76 Bristol 1.21 Crescent and is
3.50 weather continues
; ; City, ; Jupiter-Dry
the 5th was beneficial. The cisterns
World. .. Clermont, 5.17; DeFuniak Springs. 1.25; doing serious damage to everything. are low.very
Green Cove 3.11 .08 rainfall in the least for this very
Springs, ; Hypoluxo, Only July, E. R. DEMAIN Director.
A correspondent of the GainesvilleSun trace: ; Jacksonville, 0.91; Jupiter, 0.20; month since opening of station. Many Jacksonville. Fla.,August g. 1892.,
says: I agree with Mr. Taylor in E Kissimmee 1 65: Merritt s Island 0.42;

regard to the school law that the Micco, 0.40; Milton, 1.05; :Myers\ 1.63;
Ocala, 5.29; Oxford, 5.76; Orlando, 4.56; THREE
school taxes be so divided that when Pensacola, 0.56; St. Andrews, 2.59; St. STYLES. Spading

the whites pay school taxes the Petersburg 2.99; Tampa. 1.91; Tarpon FIVE a MORGAN

amounts be collected and depositedin Springs, 3.17; Titusville 1.38. SIZES. Harrow

the treasury separate, and to go to TEMPERATURE.The 2'&ouIanc.r.Mld. S sSP T The Meet nil around Rotary Harrow and PnlTerT.er.
'
( Fall plowed land Stubble Vln.
or
the white children of each and every temperature was about the aver- NO EQUAL' yards and Peach Orchards Learn no

county in the State, and for the edu- age for the State. Hypoluxo, Dade for farrow Catalogue.or ridge.Mention Angle of thin teetn Paper.adjustable.Addre81 Send
reports 97 degrees on July 20. r \
cation of no other Let the col- count
race.
in twenty years. Cerro D. S.MORGAN & CO. Brock.port N.Y.
ored .taxpayers of the State pay their Gordo, Holmes county, reports ___ ,

own school fund, and take not one 100 degrees on July 30 and August 2, 3, NURSERIES OF THE
cent of their money for the white, and 4, which, with plenty of sunshine,

neither take one cent of the white hastened the maturing of the fodder Milwaukee Florida ED.
crop, the gathering of which began this Drange
taxes to pay for the education of the season at least fifteen days earlier than .

colored population of Florida. I thinkIf usual. The temperature generally was Selected strains of Choicest Varieties of Citrus Fruit Trees a Specialty.BuddingWood.
the law was thus fixed it would enable i favorable for crops. for sale at all times.
Our stock is large and complete. PROMPT ATTENTION TO CORRESPONDENCE.For .
the poor farmers of this State to SUNSHINE. Catalogue and Price-List, address

employ better, teachers, have better The sunshine was about the averagefor A. L. DUNCAN Manager, Dunedin Fla.
,
the State. The southern and eastern
schools, and our children get a better
education in the future. If the colored counties report an excess and the west-
ern and northern a deficiency. Where GENUINE RIPLE"Y"
, taxpayers pay five thousand dollars deficient, some injury is reported to cotton ,
and no more, and if the white cane and fodder pulling.

taxpayers pay five thousand dollars TIIUNDERSTORMS.Thunderstorms BLACK JAMAICA and PORTO RICO

into the treasury for school purposes, were frequent throughout -

give them the full amount, not take, the State, and are reported as quite PINEAPPLE SLIPS

from them one thousand or fifteen severe in Putnam, Walton, Lee, Nassau,

hundred and give it to the colored Marion but little, damage Osceola resulted.and Orange counties; Imported by D. T. Valentine, Kingston, Jamaica. Large

man who doesn't work: two days in WIND. slips for July delivery. Address,

the week and better clothed
,
goes High winds are reported as having oc- '
JOHN B. BEACH
than Agent
the white man that works six curred Marion, Sumter, Orange,Walton ,

days in the week and goes in rags.' Jefferson and Leon counties, injur- l\Ie1boU-r1e. P1..



,


636 TfflS FLOItlbA DISPATCH, FAIUtEtt AND FRttI -GROWER. [AUGUST 11, 1892



."CENT-A-WORD" COLUMN.To FLORIDA'S advantages for small investments, I fllORlDADttPATCH I
A see "Real Estate Journal," Arcadia, Fla. I ..GROW[ One Cottrell Cylinder
insure insertion in this. column, advertise- $1.00 per year: sample,with state map, 10 cents. I OI
ments must be accompanied by the money. 3-24-12m i t RMERY FARMERS ALUANU
ttm UI>C IMMUOATU
Advertisements must not exceed fifty words.
WRITE NOW for prices on anything in nurs- 4AMAJK.UM
Postage Stamps received in payment. ery line. I will either supply you or tell I Press
Count every word,including name and address. you where to get it. Stock largely increased. G.
L. TABER Glen St. Mary Nurseries, Glen St. CHAS. W. DaCOSTA Publisher. ,

STRAWBERRY PLANTS-Send for price list Mary, Fla. 6-g-tf ,
,Grand Bay Ala. ALSO

81191FOR A LARGE SIZE'' CRAYON PORTRAIT TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION:

SALE OR TRADE-A so-barrel, all roll.I For One Year ...............................*2.00 ONE WASHINGTON HAND
Mill the center of town. Old established -
in FREE.
trade. Rolls for feed, etc. Power water Of Yourself or Friend For Six Months...... .................. ..... i.oo
and steam. Want small property near good F We will make a large size Cray-
*Subscriptions in all cases cash in advance.
town or city or merchandise. I have poor health on portrait, Free of charge, of PRESS
and wish to retire. S. L. COOK, Evansville, Wis. R I Rates of Advertising on Application. ,
8-II 1.2t yourself or friend.Ve do this inE
E REMITTANCE should be made by Check,

SEE THEM GROW-Those Pears and other j order to introduce our work in I Postal Note, Money Order, or Registered Letter, Can be
trees,etc. Pierson is getting ready for your section of the country. to order ofFLORIDA Bought Very Cheap
the fall trade. Prices now ready. SUMMIT

NURSERIES 8-u-9t D. L. Pierson. Monticello, Fla. Ill EfESS GUA AfTBBD. DISPATCH, FARMER AND APPLY TOCHAS.

Our Crayons are made by a skilful FRUIT 01W WElt.
T OR SALE-A tract of fine fruit land;a splendid
A opening for a nurseryman T. K. GODBEY artist and is a work of art. Jacksonville, Fla. W. DACOSTA, .

Waldo, Fla. S-n-iot : A5.Thl offer is only for a short time. If
you want a picture enlarged send in
AVOID DISASTER-Use Perfection Rein Guard. your photograph, at once to the The World's Fair. Jacksonville, Fla.

prevents horses switching over HIilz GraCIe Art Co.,
;; :
thelines. Agents; and dealers coin money. Sam- We have received the last issue of
,
ple$t, witb circulars. ANDREW V. CALLAHAN, :122 Quincy St. Chicago. They are the sweetest,
General Manager, Salem, Ohio. 8-iI-tot the "World's Columbian Exposition THE LATEST most complete tone sustaining -
SPIRflliGRAZING SPRI11G durable and perfect -
"IITANTED-A good second-hand boiler, 20 to 40 Illustrated the only authentic organof Music Boxes made
"" horse-power;also good large force pump. (warranted In every re-
State full particulars. E. II. MOTE. Leesburg, NOZZLE. the Great Fair. The object of this spect), and any number of
Fla. 8-4-61 INVENTION IN tunes can be obtained for
publication is to give a complete authentic them. (Improvements Pat-
f. Allows cows and horses to graze and prevents ented in
CATTLEY GUAVAS $r.oo per bushel, Switzerland and
RED.b. C. E. HOFFMAN Apopka, Fla. 8431"FANCY browsing1. Price $1.25 at factory, post paid$1.50. historical record of the Colum- United States.)
The S. B. Hubbard Company, Jacksonville, Fla., We manufacture especially
agent for the State. bian Exposition. It contains for direct trade
32 pagesof SWISSMUSIC\, I I family ,and we
PIGEONS-Bought,sold andexehanged.Write .
guarantee our instruments far
M. S. MOREMEN
* for what you want. Stamp for reply. official proceedings, and will give superior to the Music Boxes
LLOYD GRANT Lady Lake, Fla. 7-28-521 MANUFACTURER AND PATENTEE, usually made for the wholesale
Switzerland Florida. photographic illustrations printed on Enameled trade and sold by general mer-
CTAWBERRY PLANTS-Clouds, Hoflmans, -
chandise,dry goods and music
>J Noonans and Crescents. Strong plants now 7-28-6mo paper, of all the Exhibits, Build- stores. Manufacturers'special
ready. Send for prices. CLARK LEWIS Hampton agency and salesrooms for the
Fla. 7-28-131 ings, and attractions of the Great Fair. I I celebrated Gem and Concert

THE ALLIANCE CULTIVATOR As a work of Art, containing the most Roller Organs; play any tune;
FOR SALE-Strong, well rooted Strawberry prices,only$6 and}I2.
Nunans and Clouds, and a limited interesting information, it is invaluableto Old; IunIc Boxes carefully
supply of Michels and Hoffmans. will be ready
Repaired and
for delivery September i Good packing guaran- all ttho wish to keep up with the Improved.
teed. B. II. ALDEN, Lawtey, Fla. 7-213m BOXES Jr. GA.UTSCJII Jt SONS,
times and learn of the International Manufacturer
great .
fine in the earliest
BOONE'S EARLY, quality; Salesrooms, 1030 Chestnut St.
I
orange in use. Limited supply of trees. Au- Enterprise.It I Philadelphia
rantium Pomelo. Mr. Clauser, of Longwood,
received returns in February, from Barber& Co., will be published semi monthly i
Chicago: Common Pomelo, net, $I.20; Aurantium k.
,$2.30. Some fine trees. Also,large Tardiff early in the fall, making eighteen
buds on sour. JAMES MOTT, Orlando Nursery. .
r Ih r copies for present year. Price, $4, KIAIEPIANOS.

Seasoned Orange Box Heads. I postpaid; 25 cents a copy. Subscrip-
We carry more dry lumber than any mill in
the Southl and are prepared to fill orders for box tions taken at this office, where the
large quantities at short notice. Dry .
Flooring,Ceiling and Sidinga specialty. TILGH- paper can DC seen, or send 25 cents
MAN-wILsoN Co.,Palatka, Fla. 7-2112t UNEQUALLED IN .
s 1 1r for sample copy to '
than house iu Tone Touch Workmansh i DurabilityBaltimore
WALL PAPER-Cheaper any B. CAMPBELL p
state. Samples, prices and instructionsfree J. ,
,by mail. F. ROBINSON 15 W. Bay street, ,22 and 24 East Baltimore Street.
J. Editor and Publisher
Jacksonville, 3-24-6m New York 148 Fifth Ave.
<- Washington, 817 Market Space
SALE-One second hand Washington 218 La Salle Street, Chicago, Ills.
FOR
Press for sale cheap at this office. LEADS ALL OTHERS.
Write for narticular .
mv imp ovED> ttA t OW FOR SALE ".
,
SALE bushel, f.
FOR Whipporwill per o. "
., |2.oo; Conch peas(limited quantity), per Has adjustable sharpening teeth. 77ic World's Columbian Ex ositlonDlustrated"
Chufa seed or would exchange for bearing grove and pay
pound post paid 2oc; per pound
post paid, 35c; per peck, f. o. b., $1.50; pearimillet. CULTIVATORS AND HARROWS FOR and the FLORIDA DISPATCH, cash difference. Forty acres of rich Pine Hammock -

per pound, post paid, 350; four pounds, ONE AND TWO HORSES. FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER for one land. Thirty acres cleared, together with
11.25; ten pounds, f. o. b., $2.00. Send cash with
order. EXCELSIOR SEED FARM Keuka, Fla. Satisfaction plank causeway, X mile long, with dock and
guaranteed. mailed address for
2-4-tf year, to any $5. ferry i mile from Grahamville, on Ocklawaha
Prices
on application.
C. W. DACOSTA River;4 miles from Silver Springs. Address
ORANGE,grapefruit and lemon trees. AU the AGENTS WANTED.T. ,
varieties one and two year buds;
extra fine Tardiffs. Write for what you want to K. GODBEY Publisher FLORIDA DISPATCH, FARMER A. TREAD WELL,

J. C. DUTCH,or Tampa Nurseries, Tampa, Fla.697t FRUIT GROWFX
7-i4-im Waldo, :F'1a. AND : Redding Conn.

,


THE PAtLEFER TILT-- ZE R COMPANY, .





OF JACI SONVILLE, F I. A., .....it


WHOSE CUSTOMERS ALWAYS SEND TO MARKET EACH SEASON ,;.


Finest Oranges, First Strawberries, First Car-Load of Watermelons, and First and Best Vegetables;:;:;""

-__Ihat always.get .the very cream.of the high prices,. will-occupy thisspacehenceforth with an advertisement for their celebrated brands of ., ---. --


Orange Tree and Vegetable Fertilizers, ,,



Their Oyster Shell Gas Lime, and their .; :-- .


Ground Stock Food and Prepared Poultry Food'For ;3


.. ., i
full Information, analysis circulars price current, etc., describing these articles address ." _

TIIE P.A.I.NE: i Ii 1 1: .TII.IZEi12: CO., .V ;:;.

MANUFACTURERS OF HIGH GRADE COMMERCIAL FERTILIZERS, OFFICE SO WEST BAY ST., JACKSONVILLE, FLA. ..,-. .J. r

All prices will be in view of great rivalry and made to meet iveryponible competitor and should secure your. order. Drop'us a line for prices. ,.etc.,f for- feztUr: ..IA ..

here and material, mentioning this paper. -



I









ll, 1892] THE FLORIDA DISPATCH, FARMER AND> FRtJID-Gt OW1 b 637JACKSONVILLE




THe: H COMPANY FLORIDA !


,

KEY WEST ,


AND- FLA.


EAST COAST AND STOVES,


Extending Southeast, OILS AND VARNISH.

west from Jacksonville, w
: : SUPPLI: S.
thousand miles of
We Have

reach pleasure all resort prominent of Florida HORSE] lAY RibE s

x

The East Coast, In stock.S .
. ami C fed tread..
THElEntral -
The Great Lake

The The 6 foot for use is suitable In Florida i [ & ,{feQinsuIar


-i. ORANGE GROVES. RAILROAD I CO.
The

The l Write for Prices. The Florida Trunk Gibe

STOCK OF THE FAMOUS -AND--

AND ( I+ P L 0 \\2" S," SHORT LINE' TAMPA.

The Fruit and Repairs for Same. TO

Sections.THREE Pulverizing Harrows, the Boy In addition to its Ions-established conneo-
Farm and Agricultural Implements tlons with the North by
River Junction, Lire Oak,Callahan,J ok.
Planet Jr. Horse and Hand Tools, sold onvllle and Fernamllna,

Has this season re-opened

TU flji_ fBomasvilli mi Moaticella Jnnti.

In connection with the 8.,P.&W. R.R.;the
AlabamafMldland and the L.&N.and the lines
The Tropical leading from Chicago, St.Louis Kansas City
and the North and West.

Through Cars from Cincinnati to
These lines are Jacksonville and Tampa.
I
improved modem 6-..Schedule, Pullman Sleeper, all Modern -
Hallway Improvement.
safety and comfort of
The Florida enlral*Peninstllar R.R.
Our patrons call them the >
is the greatest artery of travel through the
FINEST IN twentyfourcountsOadsdenJefferson
,Duval,Alachua,
I I Lake Leon suwannee Nassau Levy,Orange,
: Hillsborough, Waku} umbla. Clay
Trains Leave = Marion Polk, Manatee,Madison,Baker,Brad
T. & K. oto!l,--' --="....,;.....---"-=.....- ford,Sumter, Hernando and DeSoto-In their
P&T richest portion. It runs through the Middle -
I Florida llegion of Ilill Country where are
8:30: a.m. daily,except ; : the fine oldFarming
daily; 4:20() p.m. daily, ; I Land and the New Tobaeeo
8:00: p.m. daily, except : Farm
(reached by no other line),some of them con
8:00
Arrive 7:30 a.m., : ducted on a large scale. Hero are Quincy,
7:40 p.m.Trains ''' AND LEVER WHEEL. Tallahassee(the capital!),Monticello. Madison
and other towns from whose comfortable,
Leave ample dwellings, reposing In a fertile country -
,is coming a renewed energy to employthe
Coast MACHINERY resources lavished about them. StretchIng -
down throughThe
8:25 ajn. daily, 1:00 AND HAND POWER. I Peach Country
Sunday; 4:05: p.m. d ily.ArriTe of Baker,Bradford Alachua and Levy counties -

9:30 a.In., 12:25 : a stock of Steam Pumps, Boilers ,through Strawberry the prosperous farm

INDIAN RIVER and Galvanized Pipe, Valves. of Lawtey, Starke and Waldo, perhaps superior -
In profit to the orange grove-l goes
,Hose, Etc. Estimates furnished I through the heart of the state,penetratingsome
i of the finest groves,one having
For Melbourne daily, put in complete and guar- 70,000 Full-bearing Orange Trees,

5:00 a.m., 3:45 {).m.; : satisfactory. Hand Spraying I passing for nearly a mile between them-
7:00 p.m. Amve making its way southward to the Gulf,and to
12 midnight Returning, of every description. Send for i the more tropical portions of the State. la
all portions of the State It reaches points of
1:20 p.nx, 1230 a.m.; of How and When to Spray. Scenic Interest.

8:00: a.m. Arrive : order in Wakulla Springs In the West, the Suwannee -
etc. made to our
12 noon. Pipe, River,as beautiful and romantic as it is
famous. l Silver Springs in the lake region,
Leave Rockledge for shop. and the lakes themselves, with their surroundings -
cept Sunday, 8:30: a.m., of rolling land interspersed with
pleasant homes In green groves sloping downto
lowing day 3:30: a.m. the clear lake fronts. By means of this
Jupiter daily, except : road you can most readily reach the
Arrive Rockledge II Hunting and Fishing Ground
The settler will find on the line of this road
Steamer ST. a greater opportunity for a varied selection
of land than on any other road in the State-
ORMOND from lightest soils to those underlaid with
clay and marl and of richest bammock-
8:00 ajn. Tuesdays, whether for regular mixed farming,stock or
days for Rockledge,.,.and dairy farming,peach or strawberry.culture,
and vegetable gardens.The
Returning, leaves : orange groves
tourist will be gratified with its scenery.
Mondays, Wednesdays w The health-seeker on its ample route can find
some spot adapted to his wants. On tho hard
Connections are.made clay roads of Middle Florida the horsemanwill
trains of J. & L.W. ride with speed and satisfaction,and the
Florida Central and Peninsular is the
on Lake Worth. Sportsman's Haute.NOTC. .

For schedules .-Passengers from Northern connections -
maps, ; having tickets over the Florida Central
agents, or address the and Peninsular to points in South Florida
have the privilege of being taken into Jacksonville -
Agent. FOR over the Company s line and alloweda
the limits of the
within going
16. M,. CABLE. W. L. "U: PETITS. ticket stop-over with return to their route for destina-
General Manager Supt. 'Received. tion free of extra charge. Send for map of
J..T.&K. System.. St. : are Florida,mailed free.
A.O.MJLODONELL,G.P.A.
O. D. COMPANY Jacksonville Fbu

..' .General N.! L PL NINOTON..1.Tramc. Manager.D. .
Jacksonville, ....MAZaLL General Man.I'AUGUST
JACKSONVILLE FLA.



F



638 THE FLORIDA DISPATCH, FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. [AUGUST 11,1892




BELLEVIEW MINING GO.'S' SOFT PHOSPHATE AND COMPLETE FERTILIZER.




o. K. BRAND, COl\liPLETE: : FOR ORANGE TREES .A..ND: PLITEAPPLeEl9.


ANALYSIS :

Phosphoric Acid..4 per cent. I Potash K.0..5 per cent. I Ammonia..... ...................2 to 3 per cent.


FRUI: r AibJ]: VINE BR4ND, FOR BEARING 'DI EE i.

ANALYSIS :

Potash..6 to 7 per cent. I Ammonia....... ..................3 to 4 per cent. I Phosphoric Acid..s to 6 per cent.
.
PrIoe, per tons:; O. I>t. Brands F. O. B. Cares Be11e%7iews .. e ..OOPrJ.oe

per tons:; Fruit and Virus, H. O. B. Cares Beiieviews t titt .OO

This Company also offer their Burnt and Ground Soft Phosphate. The analysis of our Soft Phosphate, given by Serge Malyvan, of Ocala, is :

Insoluble Silicate........ .................18.76 I Phosphoric Acid......................... .17.70 1 Oxide of Iron ..... .......... ........ ........ I Magnesia and Soda ............ ...... ....163$
Carbonate Lime............................ 4.56 I j Equivalent to Bone Phosphate Lime.......39.00 |I Aluminum ... .............................. .741 I| Moisture.......... ........................... 6.59

He says that, after analyzing samples of Soft Phosphate from different mines in the State, the only soluble Soft Phosphate is contained in an area of about

six miles about Belleview. -

The above mentioned complete Fertilizer is 25 per cent. cheaper than any sold in Florida of same grade, and is what orange growers need.


TESTIMONIALS :

that fertilized with cotton seed. Thinking this two more cars of Soft Phosphate. I have used bten brought into the State,and I would warmly
More About Soft Phosphate.! estimate may have been a little high I put it as seventy-five tons of this Phosphate, and have recommend its use to the orange growers, _in the
The following:in regard to soft phosphate is above but I am free to admit that he is a better noticed with much interest its effect on my orange State. Yours truly,
taken from the Gainesville Sun: judge of such matters than I am." trees. The first car load I applied to something D. GSSrtleLttAS.
That soft phosphate is rapidly gaining favor J. T. Smith, writing from Levy county,says: "I over five hundred trees, and the results have been '
with the fruit and vegetable growers there is no put soft phosphate on sixteen rows of corn last simply marvelous. The adjoining five hundred -
sort of doubt. Those who have given it a test unhesitatingly spring about four acre field of corn,on about an trees received no fertilizing,and the difference
speak of it in the most complimentary average quality of the land. I broadcasted the between the two fields is something wonderful. CEDAR KEYS, FLA., Dec.21, 1895.
terms. Mr. George Saxon, writing from soft phosphate over the land,after breaking it up On one side every tree has started with a vigorous C. B. Smith, President Belleview Mining Com
Tallahassee,says: well at about two tons per acre. Then I hare growth. The finest foliage that I have ever seen :
The sole phosphate referred to in the granulated rowed this in. I did not measure the yield only in a grove The trees which received no appli DEAllY SIR-Yours of iyth received. It gives
article, containing the elements of ground bone in my cart as I gathered it. I got as much corn cation have just commenced to start up. Mr. Me me pleasure fo state that I have used nothing but
and SO per cent phosphate of lime (bone phosphate from the sixteen rows that had soft phosphate on Master of the firm of McMaster& Miller, of San the Belleview Soft Phosphate on my grove' the
)crude as it comes from the mine. This I it as I did from the next thirty rows. The corn Mateo, visited my grove a few days since and ex* past year,pnd I have been more than satisfied
sort phosphate was put upon cotton last year did not dry: up any for want of rain, as the rest of? pressed himself as being very much astonished with the, results. The trees are looking::as well
alongside of colton seed as fertilizers,and the re the crop did. I am well pleased. and will use it at the growth of the trees where the soft phos as they, have ever looked-even when I used,,-ex
suit wa- fully or more than doublet in yield of this year on all my crops.JACKSONVILLE. phate had been applied. If you will remember pensive fertilizers. Many persons have heard of
cotton over the cotton seed,while it gave four the first shipment of Phosphate was made less and your phosphate has_advanced
times the yield over the same land without any than sixty days since,and until the last few days my experiment in their estimation.
fertilizer. Rev.T.W Moore, Leesburg looked FLA., June 12, 1891. we have had very little rain. Very truly yours, t
at this crop while in full fruitage and he said that C. B. SMITH, President BeUeview Phosphate Co., I am fully convinced that one ton of the Belle- REV. F. R. HoLMAM
at that time that the cotton fertilized by this soft Jacksonville, Florida: view Soft Phosphate has a greater value as a plant
phosphate had three times more fruit on it than DEAR SIR-Enclosed please find my order for food than a ton of any Fertilizer that has ever

We offer this Phosphate at prices so low that it is in reach of every orange grower and gardener. Prices, F. O. B. cars at Belleview, Florida :

Per tons: UX1d.r1ed.., lr1 B'ct11 _i .OO

Per tons: : Dried irx IBuillc, BOoOO

Per tons Burnt: :, Ground and Sa.oked.., 88.00

Put up in 200-pound sacks. Orders for less than one ton, 50 cents per ton extra. Terms, cash with order. Send orders, and apply for further particulars,

testimonials, freights, etc., to

C. B. SMITH, President and General Manager, Jacksonville, Fla.

....,..,


DA'COST A 4 NEW DISCOVERY ACCIDENT

In compounding a solution a part was accidentlr spilled on toe band
and on washing afterward it was discovered that the bar was jcqna-
pletely removed. We at Once put this wonderful preparation, oo.in
market and so great has been the demand that we are now introdudocit
::: it throughout the world under the name of Queen' Anti-lialrin,
Printing aHo Publishing House t-0- -'' IT IS PERFECTLY. HARMLESS AND '

z-- .!: 4 SO SIMPLE ANY CHILD CAN USE IT.
,;fllt 7--- Y1:"' Lay the hair over and apply the mixture for a few minutes and the
: ;L:.. .=._ JACKS0NYILLE: FLJ\: ? !f\ applied or ever afterward. It unlike any other preparation ever used
-
l.--...=: === :; '- fora like purpose. Thousands of LADJr ho have been annoyed
(-- -""" ) with balr on their FACE. NECK" and ARMS attest its merit
TURNS OUT THE BEST STYLE OF PRINTINGAT .,. GKNTLKMKN: who do not appreciate beard or hair oo their peck' ,
___ find a priceless boon In Queen i-IIalrlne which does away
"5==* with Shaving, by rendering its future growth an,utter
THE LOWEST RATES. Price of Queen's Antl-Halrlne! f 1. per bottle, sent In safetv mailing boxe postage paid by us(securely
.sealed from observation). Send money or stamps by ..letter with full addrevi written plainly. Correspondence
strictly confidential. This advertisement is!! honest and straight forward in every word It
contains. We Invite you to deal with us and you will find everything as represented Cut this t, And,.
send to-day. Address QUEEN CHEMICAL CO., 174 Race Street,CINCINNATI O. Y. reaa
register your letter at any Pont Office to insure its safe delivery' \\>will pay SAOO for any ease '
of failure or slightest Injury to may purchaser. Every bottle guaranteed. "
,.PECIIL-T ladle.who introduce and sell among'their friend 25'Bottle of Q een"Antl-Hairim*.
l win present with a SILK DRESS *best silk Zztra Larg Bottl sad saa9ln.'
lfunr slotar of silk to*el..t from**nt with ordr. cLod Salarr or Commission Agtata. ',


DEAFNESS, STATE BANK OF FLORIAINCORPORATED.


ITS CAUSES AND CURE "NOT ."

1 '1 Scientifically treated by an aurist of world-wide JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA. .
reputation. Deafness eradicated and entirely
cured, of from 20 to 30 years' standing, after all Capital $30.000.00
other treatments have failed. How the difficulty _
is reached and the cause removed, fully explained
in circulars, with affidavits and testimonials your old family Bibles; make them at
of cures from prominent people, mailed REPAIR as new. DaCosta Printing and Publishing
House,Jacksonville, Fla.
free.Dr.. A. FONTAINE 19 East 14th St., N. Y.


fl I I per day.atwoe.
'aF $5 to $15
a ., .UI.r
LIGHTNINB PLATER
aid pUUaf} -1,wa&cll"
UMewara, *". I'1ateaI..
0ae.t ., Jewelry good u
-wwJ -. Dew, on all kind of metal
with gold,ilea icket.te .
j
'"" >; ) experl nc.. K.e pul.
-- : ... =:very b ::
-_ -' :" -_ : !.( .-WbelCMlo.. I
agenu$!>.Wrt .axeire.Aar. *.
.. IL E.DEL.IO ia *
The Manufacture of Blank Booksa ?c.t.a,...0- *


200 ACRES OP CHEAPLY IRRIGATED Clark's
Specialty.SEND TRUCKING LAND without expensive Cutaway
machinery or even artesian wells. A black soil, HARROWS AND CULTIVATORS.
FOR PRICES. several feet in depth, level as a floor, free from I keep In stock seven styles,cutting in wtttk
timber,which can be flooded by the closing of agate from two((2)) to six ((6)) feet. at prices from$M.OO.
at the mouth of the ditch draining the glade. to 931.00. Send for catalogue.:
CHAS. W. DACOSTA, Proprietor. Por particulars address Gxo. W. HASTXXGB.IO- E. S.UUBBARD,.Gen. State Agent
terlachenPL. Federal. ..."us.



1



r

d

.

.. .
..

11, 1892] THE FLORIDA DISPATCH: FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. 63S).


,


Clyde Steamship Co. PATRONIZE AJOIffi ENTERPRISE ':p



NEW YORK CHARLESTON AND LINES.
FLORIDA MERCHANTS' STEAMSHIP CO. OF FLORIDA.


The magnificent Steamships of this Dine are. appointed -

to sail as follows, calling at Charleston, S. C.,

Both ways :
(STANDARD TIME.)

From New York. From Jacksonville,
h (Pier 29 E. R.) STEAMER Florida.

Friday July zgth at 3 P. ."ALGO QUIN.".......Thursday Aug. 4th at iroop.M
Tuesday Aug. zd, at 3 P. .SEMINOLE," .......Sunday Aug. yth at 2:30: p. u
Friday, Aug. 5th. at 3 P. .". "CHEROKEE". Thursday Aug. nth at 6:30: A. 101JrlondaYt
Aug. 8th,at 3 P.M..... .YE IASSEE.Sunday. Aug.l.th.at 9:30A.M
Wednesday,Aug. loth at 3 P. ."ALGONQUIN,"..::...Tuesday, Aug. i6th, at 11:00: A. M
Friday Aug. I2thf at 3 p. "SEMINOLE," .......Thursday, Aug. iSth, at 12J0: P. M
Monday Aug. 15th, at 3 P. ."IROQUOIS." .. .. Sunday Aug. 21st, at 4:00 A. MWednesday
i ,Aug. 17th at 3 P. .""CHEROKEE".......Tuesday, Aug. 23d, at 5:00: A. M
Aug..igth, at 3 P. Jr(."YEMASSEE," .... Thursday Aug. 25th, at 6:30: A. M
Monday Aug. 22d, at 3 P. I."ALGONQUIN.Sunday, Aug. 28th, at 8:30: A. MWednesdiayAug
24th,at 3 P. 'SE IINOLE,".Tuesday, Aug. soth at 10:00: A. M
Friday, Aug. 26th at 3 P. M..IROQUOIS," .. ...Thursday, Sept. 1St, at 11:30: A. M
Monday Aug. 29th at 3 P. )[.""CHEROKEE. Sunday Sept. 4th, at 2:00: p. M
Wednesday Aug. 3ist, at 3 P. ."YEMASSEE: ," .......Tuesday, Sept. 6th, at 4:00: A. M
-

ST. JOHNS RIVER LINE. S1ea.t:11er: : : John: Gr ChristopherIS

For Sanford, Enterprise and Intermediate Points on APPOINTED TO SAIL
FROM:: NEW YORK. FROM JACKSONVILLE.
the St. Johns River.
SATURDAYS-3 P. M. FRIDAYS-S A. M.
July 30, August 13 and 27 September 10 and 24, July 22,August and 19 September a, 16 and 30,
Steamer: "E-"erglade" October 8 and 22, Novembers and 19. October 14 and 28, November n and 25.Thtit .
steamship has been built especially for carrying Fruit find Vegetables, and b
' Leaves Jacksonville, Tuesdays and Saturdays at 5 p. M.; returning, leaves Sanford, Mondays and perfectly ventilated. Time between Jarksonrille and ATM York 73 hoars.
Thursdays, at 6 A. M.; Enterprise 6:30: A. M.
W. H. CHRISTOPHER, W. A. SOMERVILLE, JNO. G. CHRISTOPHER,
Steamer: 'V: elal a.99 Agent Jacksonville. Agent New York Gen'l Man'r Jacksonville.
Office 154 Maiden Lane.
Leaves Jacksonville Mondays and Thursdays, at 5 p. M.; returning, leaves Sanford Wednesdaysand
Saturdays at 6 A. M.; Enterprise, 6:30: A. M.
SAVANNAH LINE.Time
General Passenger and Ticket Office, 88 West Bay St., Jacksonville. .

JOHN L. HOWARD, Florida Freight Agent, foot Laura Street,Jacksonville;F1a.
F. 1\[. IRONMONGER, Jr., Florida Passenger Agent, 88 West Bay St., Jacksonville Fla. 53 to 55 hours between Savannah, New York and Philadelphia, and
MARSHALL II. CLYDE, Assistant Traffic Manager Bowling Green, New York.
W. F. OGDEN FAY, Traveling Passenger Agent 5 Bowling Green, New York. between Boston and Savannah, 65 to 70 hours.
TIIEO. G. EGER, Traffic Manager 5 Bowling Green New York. .
J. A. LESLIE, Superintendent foot Laura Street, Jacksonville Fla.

WM. P. CLYDE & CO., Gen'l Agents, OCEAN STEAMSHIP COMPANY.

12 South Delaware Avenue, Philadelphia. .5 Bowling Green, New' York.

Po.sso e I caters: !
ESTABLISHED 18a.
Between Jacksonville and New York: First-class, 525.60 ; Intermediate $19.00; Excursion, 43.50
Steerage, $12.50.

WILLIAM A. BOURS & CO. Jacksonville and Boston : Cabin $27.00; Intermediate, $21.00 j; Excursion $47.30; Steerage, $r..2S
The magnificent Steamships of this Company are appointed to sail as follows:

WHOLESALE FROM SAVANNAH TO NEW YORK.

[Central or 900 Meridian Time.]

Grain Garden Seeds and Fertilizers Xacoochee' .:\ August 1st, 12.00 m.
City of Birmingham... ...................................... Wednesday,August 3d 1.30 p.m
City of Augusta. August $th, 3.00 p.m
Tallahassee... Saturday, August 6th, 4.CO p.m
20 WEST BAY STREET, JACKSONVILLE, FLA. )Kansas City....... ........*.. August 8th, 5.30 p.m
LJhattahoochee .' August loth, 7.00 p.m
I HANDLE ONLY THE BEST AND MOST RELIABLE SEEDS. A COMPLETE STOCK. Xacoochee. August 12th 8.00 a.m
City of Birmingham.......... ................................ Suturday August 13th, 9.00 a.m
City Augusta .. ...... ..................Monday, August 15th, 11.00 a.m
Hay Corn Oats Flour Bran Wheat Grits Meal Tallahassee.' August 17th, 1.30 p.m
Kansas[ City. August I9th 3.30 p.m
hattahoochee ................................".Saturday, August 2oth, 4x0 p.m
COTTON SEED MEAL Both Bright and Dark. Xacoochee.) August 22d 6.00p.nl
City of IHrmingham.' August 24th 6.30 p.m
City of Augusta... .........\. August 26th, 8.00 a.mTallahassee
STATE AGENT FOR August 27th, q.OO a.m
PURE GROUND BONE, )Kansas \ August 29th, 10.00 a.m
J. E. Tygert&Co.'s Chattahoochee .................................................Wednesday, August 31st, 12.00 m.
NITRATE SODA, FROM SAVANNAH TO BOSTON.
Star Brand Fertilizers
Gate August 4th, 2.00 p.m
GUARANTEED ANALYSIS, MURIATE OF POTASH, City Macon:: ,August ith, 1.ooa.m
Gate City. ,August l8th, 2.00 p.m
Comprising DAm lUll( SULPHATE POTASH City of :Macoii: ..... ... .... .......... ....... .. ....ThursdayAugust2,5th., 1.30a.m

Orange Tree flUllFERTILIZER.snrl Vegetable KAINIT Etc FROM SAVANNAH TO PHILADELPHIA.This .

( Ship does NOT Carry Passengers.)

The.'r Fertilizers have no superior in the market and a trial will convince. Des[ *ouJ:. July 3tst 10.00 a.m
Des[ $ouJ: .. Wednesday,August loth, 6.30 p.m
DessouJ; August 2oth, {.oop.m
GREAT OFFER inrvet rrom wteFACTOKY i UPRIGHT PIANOS. Dessouj .......Tuesday,August 3oth, 10.30 a.m

Pianos THESE PALACE STEAMERS
and i FINEST FACTORY ,
IN UNITED STATES.
Organs, Connecting with the Savannah Florida and Western Railway (Waycross Short Line),offer to the
$35. Pianos ready for QUICK SHIPMENTS of Finest Traveling Public and Shippers advantages equalled by no other line.
On trial its : and Organs Direct to Your Homes.7ourbom. Through Ticket and Bills of. Lading issued to principal points North, East and Northwest via
: Savannah. For information and rooms apply to
before From REV.JAS. M. POTTS D.D. editor.of Michigan B. R. PRICE Soliciting Agent, W. II. LUCAS. Fla. Pass.Agent. .
p. Dr for Christian Advocate Detroit.Mich.: "To say that 77 West Bay Street,Jacksonville. 77 West Bay Street Jacksonville
em ,I i we are delighted with the Piano does not express R. L. WALKER Agent C. G.A.'iDERSON. Agent. ;
the fact. We are jubilant. If all your instruments New Pier No.35,'North River New York. City Exchange Building, Savannah, Ga.
q'p0'1;'.Swo MV &Son PlaDO.p&AOrpna. I' are as fine in appearance and as pleasing in tone as RICHARDSON & BAR. ARD. Agents Lewis' Wharf, Boston.W. .
BEAVER this one, your patrons will rise by the hundred." L. JAMES,Agent 13 S.Third Street Philadelphia.J. .
From PROF. E.H. PECK Valhermoso Springs, Ala.: "We could not be pleased better with 1). HASHAGEN Eastern Agent, Sav., Fla. &Western Ry.Co., 261 Broadway.N.Y.
tke'casing; : or tone;quick in response;and melodious. In short we are highly pleased with the organ." A.DeW.SAMPSON, General Agent, W. ARNOLD Gen.Tray.Paw.Agt.,Jacksonville Pla.
From B. D. GRIGGS, Adairsville, Ga.: "I am well pleased with the organ in every respect. It is -306 Washington st., Bo'1Iton. W. H. RHETT. General Agent
all you claim it to be." For Tickets apply to S., F. & W.Railway office. 3i Broadway,New York.
From Y. M. C. A., per J. G. COOLEY Httlsboro, N. C: "The organ gives entire satisfaction.
Every one who has seen it is very much pleased with the instrument and the price on the same." .
From BEN. F. STEELE, Prescot, Ark.r :' fkmily:is well pleased in every respect with the you need stationery of any kindpaPerpens
organ. How you sell them so cheap is a wonder" DO and ink If so,send to Da Costa Primt- (jLESICKLY
a asr'
ing and Publishing House,Jacksonville Fla ,


LNG UTFITS ERFECTION = LOONG" [HILDllr
SUPPLIES1i JgO; ; A .h o
Bat, Latest L r..d a.4 Cieyat. o.r Paris h..s.alptr. WE ".. ",..
.Ptap..ttr t.tl42V4 a.t.msWany.ad win.pray 100 Tr...j.11.v.1r. b.pwI aSiamNaevr.E.ol o.Ifdlk. to SPASMS tramort ltt.lj WO W4 wq
.rutS w Lttti.Gs $ad Garl.tl raa a s.d tt.T.rs..r 1,as. the Alaericsn Wetl ru.Aurora.fILJIIS.CAJULST..CHICAGO.ILL 'ID HIS. A bed remedr for\hill a.1..
,1.r..i.y i.M.prarao.rlststi. ALat .xBpn ssMwrc.. [ '.Y a I
.1luwytd.ty rarl.OT a era Lnd.a f.rp1i tt whoiua1. i Csc ..tr.&lrrtti l It... 4 H...... Been M yean' tn VM aad n falls.< *
utj11ZLD It'OJeC!PCYP CO.1l Ert.W A. LOQ>rPOYTl1.Y, ELM STa, av. DALLAS.TEXAS S f Uxt7 that U.tnltUU Aft i.A.tbu anNI8CAUGUST






...,..J'i.IlIA.



-
.
r
i
,,

..
.


.
"

640 t" '.flit THE, FLORIDA. >.ISPATCH"FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. AUGUST 11, 1892

.. '..,. .


" .,; \. );fl1PILIZE. FflTILIZE1ISiBlood )



,. and Bone, CJ1icago; Bon lVJea.1.,

Pure Pine Ground: Bone, : Dark and Bright Cotton Seed IVIotil,

Animal Bone and potash: Tobacco Sterns: : : ,

Blood, Bone and Potash.: Canada Hard Wood Ashes,

Pulverized: Animal:: Bone, Sulphate: of Potash: <&o.
r
y
FRUIT AND VINE, BEARING TREES,
f
ORANGE TREE FOOD, YOUNG TREES,

t .' ': s ,. VEGETABLE AND POTATO GROWER.

(*;!GEO. :E. WILSON, #,- West Bay Street, Jacksonville, Fla.

t.- :: tt- ., -

,JOHN L. MARVIN, J.. P. TALIAFERRO3; o j YOU OA2C SAVE lVIO: NE Y

President. -..........-'.., ,' '. VIce-P esldent.
H. T. BAYA, THOS. W. CONRAD.
By Buying the FERTILIZERS that are JIanufactured by the OLD ESTABLISHED
... Cashier. Assistant Cashier.

CAPITAL $100,000. and RELIABLE FIRM, The



,. THE MERCHANTS'' NATIONAL BANK, L. B. DARLING FERTILIZER CO..

,
JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA,

Respectfully solicits your Deposits, Collections and General I OF PAWTUCKET, R. I. ''';''
,

.,,..' .. Banking $usiness.CORRESPONDENCE feese FERTILIZERS are made especially for the ..
>I.. .
..t -

,', and: Growers of Florida
,hel; INVITED. Orange, 'Vegetable Pineapple
.
.
Southern OflS e.and Warehouse at Jacksonville, Florida.
: DIRECTORS: sJohn
,1
L. Marvin, A. B. Campbell, Chas. Marvin, O. B. WEEKS, State Agent,
Jas. P. Taliaferro, T. W. Roby, Judge R. B.Archibald,
.W. B. Clarkson, C. B. Rogers, W. M. Davidson,
No. 8 Bostwick Block.
Dr. H. Robinson. John E. Hartridge.

,
TO ALL BUYERS ?
Catalogue describing our Fertilizers, with prices and testimonials, sent free
OF upon application.

FANCY POULTRY. GIVEtJ us A. 'rI2IAL.L .
.
-- -

; ATTENTION!
--
I all fowls senl
"/ HEREAFTER
/ -1 by express
? .= will go at on-half the former
'' /- rates-a great saving to my cus- L
.... + --- tomers. This is by special arrangement
and is confined to BBowker'sOrange
ti,fowls from my yards.
?11i We are the largest breeders of I
'k" thoroughbred poultry in Florida. .
.F .J.. Come and see our stock or send
.for our illustrated catalogue and
% !. ,. '.price list of 14 varieties. Grower.
Poultry supplies of all kinds.
1- ;,; Incubators and Brooders, Shell
and Bone Mills, Clover Cutters.
't. Wire Netting,Desiccated Fish andBoiled
....;.., Blood and Bone to make
a ....-. bens lay. FIRM FRUIT that holds on until it is
., BRIGHT
itea. EGGS TO HATCH. ; a strong, healthy, vigorous growth of

E. W. AMSDEN, both tree and fruit are the results reported by large

r Ormond, Fla and experienced planters in Florida who are using

this popular Fertilizer. It supplies to the tree at the
Musical Perfection
IF is what you seek in buying a Piano proper time, in the proper form, and in the proper

'- write us about proportions,all the elements to bring perfect .
5t ,.., Lowest New York Prices healthy
-OF TSETEINWAY-* maturity.

BOWKER'S VEGETABLE GROWER and BOWKER'S TOBACCO
and take no other.
Ask GROWER are also special complete Fertilizers,
Musicianabout nnr carefully and scientifically compounded for the purposes

Steinway.We the. mentioned, and are extensively used in Florida. Bow.

KER'S SQUARE BRAND BONE AND POTASH is a happy
"t'.
combination for those requiring these ingredients.
are Wholesale Southern Agents
Chemicals at market rates.
for these celebrated Instruments,end you can buy from us as
easily, cheaply, and nafelr by mall,u in perkcn. Ask
1 LUDDEN & BATES, Savannah, Ga. Send for Illustrated Catalogue, Free. .

"t -- : .' BOWKER FERTILIZER I A. M. BOND, CEN'L AGENT,
ACADEMY. : I COMPANY. J JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA.
BOWLING
O N GREEN FDIIITEUAPORATOR

\chartered preparatory school of the hi belt np.I..n .- The standard Jl.ae1Wle
;.. and PUOCCM. Ilmlth record. perfect. Cbarceilow.. X>lff.r.mt tisM a*4 miTUZBLTMTCU .... mutn\M ab.1op.trM.
4dreH John UartM.A.U.. of V..B. ( Qrtcn.Ta.V IK91I' WOftKB CO.Ct.etaaatl,0.
.* *. +' ,, ___
V.-* ........... + .>,.h ":\ l r
V.


.


r