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UFPKY NEH LSTA SLAF



Florida farmer & fruit grower
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Full Citation
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055765/00244
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: S. Powers
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: August 4, 1892
Frequency: weekly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note: Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038466
oclc - 01387403
notis - AKM6256
lccn - sn 95026761
System ID: UF00055765:00244
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen

Full Text
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1 a FARM ERS ALLIANCE! tSfM



+ : l I-TR O'PlC I A-L MAGAZ'I N.E


CONSOLIDATED JANUARY 1889.
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DACOSTA Proprietor 8J POWERS, JACKSONVILLE' FLA., AUGUST 4. 1892.. Whole No. 1220 Vol.NEW IV s1:11IES, No. 31.

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0 BLAKE &AGENTS RIPLEY, A B OI U't'ELY: PURE. Geo. S. Hacker & Son,

MANUFACTURERS OF

FLORIDA FRUIT EXCHANGE" Hastiflfs's' Improved Large Purple E EB; Plant ..cco.. =CD

57 CHATHAM, BOSTO :::Jcu
Now Offered for the First Time Is Absolutely Pure. a.
Price of sales furnished
Catalogues weekly
!application: : 'Seed"of high vitality; plants strong; vigorous" and th'orSIess; fruit large; dark '

rich purple color; entirely free'from light streaks j weighs 5 to 6 pounds C1.ch. .
O.W.BARNETT. J. H.: BARlfETT-
i ESTABLISHED 1BARNETI" .* A PERFECT VARIETY FOR THE SHIPPER OR FOR HOME USE. c =-
i Yr
,Packet, 10 cents! ; J oz., 25 cents; oz., 50 cents; J lb., 1.75; lb., $6.00. cu 0
BROS., OUR 40-PAGE, ILLUSTRATED CATALOGUE FREE. co c

AGENTS H. GL HASTINGS & CO., .. c.o -.
:::JQ
FLORIDA FRUIT EXCHANGE.WiolWVtJcMmfcsioX r IN'r ] RI+"ACHITTv_ FLORIDA. __ o cg

i i i Fnifc and: Vegetib U.' 1888-1892. ..

8umeQ. 'otJ' plioatton!_ ..
Prompt returns. a '- \
1st south water Street.Chlciw lI And Building Meterlal.CHARLESTON .
F1 Af4 ltlf4 SYSTEM OF IG.RTIOf'1.-: -
PALMER: RIVENBURG & co.,

i SUCCESSORS TO THE MOST RELIABLE AND EFFIEIENT- s: C.

G. S. PALMER :
l4&li'eade Street,yfevo York. BENTON & UPSON
SOUTHERN PRODUCE A SPECIALTY. In Successful Use Since 1888in ,

Oranges Lemons, Pineapples, and all other
Fruits and early truck:, also'dried fruits;nuts, tiACI5 f'VluLfE, FIkA,
furs, ,. Orange Groves and Vegetable l Gardens i in size from six acres to one
All c nsignments promptly remitted for.. Stencils -' hundred'and seventy-five acres.I .
and market,reports furnished free. .

References and banks: Bradstreets of the South.;and established'merchants have perfected, and tested by use, an arrangement. of light steel IRRIGATING

& CO., tubes as'a substitute for the perishable hose.JAMES. .," .

LILLY WHOLESALE FRANKLIN, MACHINERY

MontYerde Fla.
FRUITS AND PRODUCE. ,.

GENERAL* Southernmost Establishment in U. S, I30TIY

COMMISSION I MERCHANTS
: 49
A I ESTABLISHED 1883. Steam and Horse Power.
... 218 King Street,Chattanooga,Tenn. 0
z s fruits Ornamental Palms,Orchids,Ferns,
Consignments Solicited. Rare new ;Shrubbery; plant*-
r Bamboos, Cactus,Conifers,Aquatics. Stock safely shipped over the whole
THE 1 d world. Pine illustrated catalogue of ico pages sent on receipt of loc. Clean,

AMERICAN EXOTI&! NURSERIES o\., healthy stocky Low prices. _____ Pipe, Pipe Fitting, Brass
''o" REASONEK BROS. Oneco Fla
,
Nm,' Hare and Elegant Plants of Every I; Valve, Hose, Etc.
Description; ORANGE. !
BOONE'S EARLY
Palms,. Orchids, Cacti and, Bamboos{ ,WRITE: FOR ESTIMATES.fRUITTREES' .

Shade ornamealal trees and shrubs fot Southern The eadiesf desirable Orange known; very delicious,highly flavored,welf shaped,thin skin,but
lawns and gardens. Choice exotic plantsfor little pulp or rag,full of juice and almost seedless.TREES .
the greenhouse or conservatory.
ORANQE AND LEMON, TREESin AND BUDSNOW ON SAUE.I .

all the leading varieties;.budded from bearing I also have: a one assortment of other cholcelBudded1 Orange" and' Grapefruit Trees at 1,1 VINO'
trees on our own grounds and guar PRICES.C. FOR

All the New anteed and true Desirable to name. Tropical !i. :BOOflE_ flgent:, [7.2Mt] Orlando, Fla. SOUTHERN ORCHARDS..
Fruits. Our 88 page Illustrated and Descriptive
Catalogue for 1892 tells all about these things,and Write for Catalogue and price list.
Is sent free to applicants. AddressR. '
CLARK SOI'lCO' JENNINGS'
D. HOYT, Manager JOHN ., NURSERY CO., .
Thomaavllle, Ga.
Seven Oaks, Fla.)


POULTRY" FOODTrade i: GROCERS AND COMMISSION MERCHANTS,. .S ARLETorCRIMSONCbDUEli'A

BOON TO AGRICULTURE.We .
DEALERS IN- '
.. have the variety that Is tested and accli
dl h -1" mated. We offer pedigree seed,crop of ,Inspected .
92
:coal Hay Grain Wines Liquors Cigars Tobacco Etc!. and guaranteed, In sealed bags. Foe the"
Scarlet Clover Hulletin Jfo. 16 of the Delaware

MarK ;SA.CKSO l1II.LEt P'i"A.PEICI prices Agricultural etc,, addressthe ExperimentStationt growersThe circulars Ilela-;

HOIXIS; CANNED.MEAT' FOR POULTRY ware Fruit Exchange, SAM'X, II. DERBY
*
Sec'y,Wootlslde, Delaware. ,
Will-Make fiend Lay'I "LIST OF TVrilSKEYlJ : 6-f4\

,. Will Make Chickens Grow! Parker...:-...,..........:...............8l 75: *.Martin Rye...........................8300* Six days parties tlaaaany..rtnrw.tedallbe:
AND Coot FOR: MotILTTkaPowis.This Orange'Valley.................:......... 2'00 Virginia Glades .............. ......... 4: 00 )
food is strictly fresh meat, carefully SJr1ng"'alley.I..... ..................... 9 :5O I Old Bourbon .....;...................... 5 00 Agrlcu'tl Ex. (Ground
cooked ground fine,seasoned and hermeticallysealed :North! Carolina.Corn':...........:.....: 2 50 Kentucky Sour Marsh .... .."......... 5 00 'at(if nrra.K.Y. Color
in Clifton Club ............ ............... Old Baker................... ......... 5" 00 tender Rreen1abuhite, and pulp
8-lb. cans. Being ground fine,i if can wret do.llelous. -
Montrose Velvet.$0 OOT '
be readily mixed with soft food.and fed so as togive that ranks Tbeouiyytipe first oointaearllatM
each fowl'an equal share Price 30'tents :: Jugs Extra": One gallon 2sc:.; two gallon,Soc.; three gallon,75C. Remit by post office money t and 4uaUt,.
order,check registered letter,; :iJVe cannot ship Co O.D. to dry tcwns bell vine sealed with' .
per cant $3.00'pej,dozen. Address II L'LIS A complete'pnce list of Groceries,and.Wine List,sent free on application. ::- our rrrlitered trade.mark -
DRESSED MEAT &-WOOL. cd., o"North: label. Send totteutxr.
1. ;!.HIJI&tuniM r Information. Agents wanted
JOHN CLARK SON & CO.
Boston,Mass. [Mention paper.] %4dreas D4EP2I.Ut: 1iOIT-a ltO!S, New Canaan. ci.a .
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602 THE FLORIDA DISPATCH, FARMER: AND FRUIT-GROWER. [AUGUST 4,1892



: USE





..IH' THE. EUREM INSECTICIDE


.
--- To destroy the insects infesting the Orange Trees. It is _
,:
.t

THE BEST AND CHEAPEST MATERIAL .-f


That can be made for the purpose. It will kill the insects without injuring the trees.


Spraying Outfits in great variety at Manufacturers' prices. Bangor, Pine and Gum Orange Box-sides.


Dry Pine Box-heads. Dressed and Square-cut Birch and Mixed Hoops. '
"
: Ladders Nails Etc.
Orange Wraps, Clippers, i.-

_Send :for Circulars curacl Price moist.: 1- .
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: E. BEAN, Jacksonvile, Fla. :-



: SULPHUR SOLUTIONIsthe

.

( TSE CT'ICmE ) '


Isthe most effective compound yet discovered for destroying the insects infesting the orange tree, and is a sovereign

remedy foi the various forms of fungi on trees and plants. Being free from all substances of a caustic, corrosive or pois-

onous nature, it can be handled with perfect safety to the person, and applied to the trees at any stage of growth without

injury.This
insecticide has been used by some of the largest orange growers in the State during the past two years, and has

given perfect satisfaction. References furnished on application.For .

Rust Mite use one quart to fifty gallons of water. When used at this strength the trees should be sprayed for

the Rust Mite twice a month through the season. Where labor constitutes the principal item of expense in spraying treesit

is better and cheaper to use the Insecticide at full strength, viz.: One gallon of solution to 50 gallons of water, as the

fumes from the Insecticide will kill the Rust Mite even if the solution should not happen to touch them. In using the

Insecticide at this strength it will save three or four sprayings through the season, thereby reducing the cost from one- -

third to one-half. This is an Advantage Possessed by no Other Preparation of Sulphur. If used in this manner it

will also kill the other insects that may be moving on the trees.

For Red Spider and Scale, use one gallon to fifty gallons.of water. General directions for using sent on application.Price .

20c. Per Gallon, in barrels. If there is no agent in your vicinity, write for price delivered.

Spraying Apparatus furnished to our customers at cost. ,a.


.' McMASTER & MILLER, San Mateo and Citra, Fla.SAVANNAH .




FLORIDA & WESTERN RAILWAY

.
AND -

$1-: THE + FLORIDA ,?. DISPATCH ... LINE

WITH THE MAGNIFICENT CONNECTIONS.

The Great Fast Express Freight System of the South.


The attention of shippers is directed to the Plant S.S.Line between Havana,Key West and Tampa, and South Florida Railway between Tampa and Sanford;S.,F.&W.Ry.between Jacksonville,
Gainesville,Bainbridge, River Junction and Savannah;Savannah and Charleston,and Ocean Steamship Line between Savannah,Philadelphia,Boston and New York, and Merchants and Miners
Transportation. Company between Savannah and Baltimore. The best equipped,fastest and most prompt lines between all points in Florida and all points North and Northwest. If-
Receivers and Shippers Will Profit by the Following Unparalleled Connections:
JfORTH JJOUND. SOUTH BOU.XD
.
Donble daily fast freight service for all points West via Albany, Jesup, Bainbridge and Double daily fast freight service from all points North and West via Albany, BaInbridge,Jesup
Savannah. and Savannah to all points in Florida;.fast freight trains both via Gainesville,Jackson ri ,Callahan -
Daily fast freight all rail connection via the Atlantic Coast Line to all tern, Interior and and Live:Oak.
Coast point,including New York Boston,Philadelphia,Baltimore,Washing*>and Providence. Four ships a week by the fleet steamships of the Ocean Steamship Company, sailing from New
Pour connections a week for New York via Ocean Steamship Company, aving Savannah York(New Pier 35,North River,)direct for Savannah Monday,Wednesday,Friday and Saturday. .
'endays,Wednesdays,Fridays and Saturdays. The Boston and Savannah Steamship Company's steamers will leave Boston July q,i4,ax and
Two connections a week Baltimore,via Merchants' and Miners' Transportation Company, 28 for Savannah direct,making connection on the dock at Savannah with fast freight trains for an
1e.'finI'Savannah every Wednesday and Saturday. points in Florida.
Connections for Boston via Boston and Savannah Steamship Company, leaving Savannah July From Philadelphia via Ocean Steamship: Co.,leaving Philadelphia July 6,i6,26,every five days
1,14, ai and 28. from regular sailing day via New York to Savannah.
Connections for Philadelphia every ten days via Ocean Steamship Company, leaving Savannah From Baltimore via Merchants and Miners'Transportation Co., every Tuesday and Friday.
July i. xx,ax.Sailing making close connection with S.,P.&W.Ry.,for all points in Florida.
\ for Steamships are subject to change without notice.

.he Florida Dispatch Line Is the quickest and best freight route from all points North, East and West to Florida. For full particulars,rates,stencils and shipping
reeelpts apply to any agents of the above lines,or to WM. P. UAKDEE,O D'l freight Agent, Savannah,Ga.
a.D. OWENS,Traffic Manager,Savannah,Ga. F. B. PAPY,Asst.Traffic Manager,Savannah, Ga. W. M. DAVIDSON, Gen'l Passenger Agt.,Jacksonville, CTa.
J. P. JORDAN Trav. Agent, Quincy. J. E. DBAYTON, Trar. Agent,Jacks Yllle.



..,. 1ar. .: $ _

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DISPATCH.MRMERlFRUilGROWER
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62.OO PER YEAR] JACKSONVILLE. AUGUST 4, 1892. F82.OO PER YEAR-


Croce and Orchard, growth, looks or bearing to the tree Again, and without bragging, \I tiaeformis, Latania Borbonica, macart-
... coming direct from the nut originally have pecan trees seven years old that ney roses, several Phcenix dactylifera,
V-, planted and never moved, or to the are twenty feet tall, thus averagingover abutilons, caladiums, wild cherry,
he Thrift of the Pecan-Spirited young tree transplanted with tap-root two feet per year in place of ginger lily,Goldfussia,'Habrpthamnus,
- Defense by a Noted Grower. entire. "growing at the rate of one foot per a clump of Rhapis fiabelliformis of
Editor Farmer and.alt-Grower: I believe at twenty years old the annum." Experience teaches me to fifty or more cones, and an immense :'
In your paper of July 21St appearedan yield should be not less than 100 expect the "off" year about one year star Jasmine climbing to the top of a
article headed "The Exceeding pounds per tree, which sold at fifteen in seven, and failure to bear from lofty date. .
Slowness of the Pecan." Though my cents per pound makes the tree worth "frost bitten blossoms" about once in Most of these are mature specimens -
name was not mentioned, still as I am a $15 in income, and if in grove format ten years. I have trees that have ten to fifteen years old, and all 1
firm believer in pecan culture and for forty feet square, gives twentyseventrees borne full crops for ten consecutiveyears are thrifty and in fine condition.. If
years have sold both pecan nuts and pecan per acre, at $15 per tree gives but then this is for Florida and the whole arrangement could be trans
trees,I think it but right to my former $405 per acre. But suppose the yield not Texas. A pecan grove is no drawback ported, bodyaciously, as the crackerssay
patrons, and "novices," who may be only one bushel per tree,_ or say to "raising hogs, fruit, corn, cot- to the Chicago Exposition, it
apply to me for information regarding sixty pounds, sold at fifteen cents per ton, etc.," for all can be raised in the would speak more effectively as to the
pecan culture, and to myself and busi-- pound gives $9 per tree or $243 per pecan grove without injury to any; capabilities of Florida for effects in -
ness interest in the pecan industry, to acre with a positive certainty of an and finally when the trees get too big sub-tropical landscape gardening than :
ask that you publish these few lines annual increase for years and years for cultivation the land can be utile all the buncombe of lying land agents. '
pro bono publico.I thereafter. ized in grasses. I agree with Mr. E. H. HART. .
do not think the long years it takesa Now, I do not wish to brag but I : Stringfellow and say also "let people Federal Point, Fla ,July 23d. .
pecan tree to bear in paying quanti- have trees that are over fifty years old, plant pecans if they will, but don't m .
titles need necessarily be as great a 100 feet high, with branches sweepingthe humbug them into thinking there is a Ditch Irrigation Impossible in a
drawback as some seem to argue. I, ground forty feet long, and on fortune in it in a few years," but I go Sandy Soils. ....
for one, have never endeavored to such trees have sold 700 pounds per further, and say that "there is a for- Rditor Farmer and Fruit-Grower:
humbug the novice" in the belief of' tree at twenty cents per pound, giving tune in it" at twenty vears old, and I am glad to read a correct description -
quick returns in dollars from a five to $140 per tree; at twenty-seven trees the surest and safest investment of of the irrigation plant at "The.
seven-year-old tree. Neither this would make the I know
pecan per acre acre anything "
Palms. I did .
of.ARTHUR not
regret con-
have I even made a calculation of high worth only $3,780. But suppose the BROWN. you
yields in nuts, or high prices for the sale could have been at $i per pound, Ribera Pecan Grove and Pecan Nursery, Bagdad, tinue your journey to my grove, whereI
nuts or young trees, or endeavored in as some charge for seed nuts, then the Santa Rosa Co., Florida.. could have shown you that the objectionable
"
any way to "humbug the novice;" acre would have brought $18,900. feature you found at Citra,
A House Set Round About with
therefore, to these charges I pleadnot Now, though these figures are based of damaging large trees from a strong
guilty. My charges for seed nuts from facts, still no one could make so Trees and Plants. stream, is totally obviated. When my
are one cent per nut; these nuts will much as the $18,900, because all the Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: plant was installed the trees were I
average from fifty-eight to sixtyeightnuts nuts would not be first-class seed nuts In the number and variety of plants smaller than now, and I intended
per pound, being equal to fifty- and could not be sold for $i per and trees growing about it my kitchenis when they commenced to crowd to -<<
eight to sixty-eight cents per pound; pound, but they could be classed as probably unique. It communicateswith put up small platforms for the nozzleman
eating pecans at fifteen cents per table nuts and sold at ten to twenty the dining room by a covered to stand on, throwing the streamof
pound. I sell only one-year-old pecan cents per pound, thus producing more passage, and doors open upon veran- water over the tops of the trees
trees, average being from six to twelve money per acre than anything else I das on the two sides. On the east from the elevated stands. On the
inches high with tap-root that will know of from an experience of nearly side within a distance of about thirty I appearance of the red spider it .was
average twice the length of height of forty years digging in mother earth.I feet are bearing trees of sweet and I found that a spray thro wn into the
tree; these I sell at five cents per tree, do not believe pecan culture can sour orange, Eugenia Mitchell! or trees washes them off; this is done by
$40 per thousand.I be overdone, for at only five cents per Cayenne cherry; a tuna cactus, Da- the nozzle man obstructing the nozzle
claim my pecan nuts to be the pound the income of twentyyearoldtrees tura arborea, San Pedro fig; Ravenalaor with his hand or thumb, converting,
pure thin shell (paper shell, so-called) is sufficient to satisfy and justifythe traveller's tree, Aralia papyrifera or the solid stream into a far-reaching,
varieties and pronounced so by com- planting not only for the owner, rice paper plant, Sabal palmetto, ra spreading spray, which can be thrown
petent Florida judges. The nuts sold but posterity also, and not only for phiolepis or Japan hawthorn and a into trees ten feet or less distant with.
for seed are picked out, aiming to get the income derived threrefrom from Diplothemium which is a rare palm, out harm to (fruit or foliage. Thus by
the most plump; the balance are then and after twenty years old and for ages with leaves like ostrich plumes, mak- the necessities of another service the
classed as table nuts and sold as such. thereafter, but also for the valuable ing no trunk but spreading laterallyby platforms are not required. When
My one-year-old trees are from my wood for axe handles, plow handles, offsets. my trees are very thick with lapping
own varieties of nuts and sold as such, etc. Not only this, the trees can be Qn the north end is a tangle of branches the spray is used and the-
and I believe will produce nuts exactly planted on unused land that could be Jasminum sambac and revolutum, advantage of the direct pressure system
similar to those planted, unless nature bought for a mere song and when the 'aurora rose, Dimorphantus mandschu- preserved.
makes an exception in the pecan thatis trees are ten years old there is a cash ricus, with multifid leaves a yard in I happen to have the experience you
not so in any other thing that grows value on each tree of ten dollars, or length, several chamaerops humilis forgot to ask the Friths about, but ona
from the earth; therefore, upon this $270 per acre, on land that would be Phoenix reclinata, Allamanda Hen- larger scale. When the Friths'plant
hypothesis, I say that the pecan will almost valueless without these trees.t dersoni, Pereskia aculeata, clambering was installed the end of a four-inch
reproduce the same variety as planted.The The small cost of planting either nut over all, Eugenia jambos, Phoenix pipe blew off, and it was twenty to
soil should have a clay subsoil, or tree; the small cost of cultivation, rupicola, guavas, myrtus communis, thirty minutes before the engineer was
and if wet round be chosen it should;including keeping down all caterpillar Clerodendron fragrans, Acacia im- notified and stopped the engine. Dur.
be well drained, allowing no stagnant;( nests, for twenty years, and then the )lexa, Dion edule and a peach and ing this time the pump must have been
water. I believe in planting the nut yearly returns in money thereafter for mandarin orange. delivering about 1,000 gallons per
where the tree is to stand and if trees years and years, makes pecan culture On the west side within about thirty minute; in twenty minutes about 20,-
be preferred then transplant only the :i more certain with surer returns in feet are three palms, Phoenix vinifera, 000 gallons. A hole about three feet
. one-year-old tree with good tap-root 'dollars, with less cost than any other canariensis and sylvestris, the last I deep, eight to ten feet long, was plownout
uncut. I believe if the tap-root be'i way of having a sure income and nearly thirty feet high, and its com. I and nearly all the water sank into
cut the tree will! be slower in growing, J:leaving a surer income to posterity .rade with a trunk nearly four feet in this hole; an irregular space was
slower in bearing, and for years bear than any other investment I knowof. diameter: ;' two varieties of Jujube, flooded something like thirty by fifty
and be mulberry cocos yatai Sabal mauri- J feet. .
very sparsely, never equal in .1 ,






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604 THE FLORIDA DISPATCH-;- FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. r AUGUST 4,1892I


have tried a large number of ex- The tree is a very good grower, bear two or three years sooner than pected to find them so, while it is exactly
periments in floodingand running in much resembling the Waldo.I they are reported as doing in most to the contra '."
ditches. If the velocity is small the have no financial interest whatever other countries where the mango is I have spent thirty-four summersin
water sinks down at once; if sufficient in this peach. I only wish every fruit grown-almost always producing fruit this State, all but two of them in
velocity is given to run the water any grower in this part of the State had it. the fourth or fifth year, and often even South Florida. Have had malaria but
distance, it soon scours out a channel, If I had planted just such a peach as the third year, from the seed.IndianRiver twice. On our hottest days here in
carrying all the upper layer of soil to that instead of the uncertain Peento Advocate. June and July (to-day, 14th,) our
the lower places. eight years ago it would have been thermometer has not reached to 96.
We are very unfortunate in havingto several thousand dollars in my pocket. Rigid Pruning Before Planting. Ninety is about the average, and seldom : -
pump water in the first place, andto FRANCIS TRUEBLOOD.Archer Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: if ever, do we fail of nights to
use iron pipes in the second; but for ,Alachua co.,July 25. Last December you copied from "pull cover on" before daybreak. I
. .the larger portion of the soil of the The specimen received justified the some paper a letter by H. M. String- 'wonder if my friend has seen or heardof
State there is no way out of the diffi very high praise of our correspondent; fellow giving his experience in trans- any sunstrokes, or malarial attacksof
culty. There are soils in Florida ca- it is a grand peach.-ED. planting trees and advising cutting the fever in Boston in the past week?
> roots all off close to the crown: or I wonder if fabulous animal minus
pable of irrigation by other methods, any
but very few of them are adapted to The Long Scale. within an inch or two. G. L. Taber "seven heads and ten horns" e\er
culture. Yours truly, Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower says figs do much better so treated. succeeded in keeping out, and scaring
.orange. JAMES FRANKLIN. I notice what is said on first page Also cut back the top to a bare short off, more Yankees {from Florida
"< Mont Verde. of your July 14 paper about the long stem. than long moss and malaria? Walkingone
scale on orange trees, and I would liketo I had occasion to set a few orange day in the woods with a botanist
A New Peach-The Archer. give you a little experience of my trees last February and bought thirty- from Pennsylvania, looking up speci-
Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: own with the scale. I have a young four sour stocks that were in a very mens,I reminded him that he should
There have been hundreds of seedling Satsuma tree that bore last year for unthrifty condition and cut them as come in the fall season when our flow-
peaches raised here, and some of the first time and it was well loaded directed by Mr. S. ers, mostly, were out, and not in the
them have been named and started out with fruit. I was at the tree just as The trees have done splendidly, spring. "Oh," said he, "I could not
with fair prospects, but they have the fruit was beginning to yellow and putting out branches ten to twenty risk it then. I would meet too much
nearly all fared the same fate as the everything was right as far as I couldsee inches long already, and I have budded malaria and get chills and fever! I
Peento; been killed by the frost about but it so happened that I did not about thirty of them, the bark lifting laughed at him, and presented every
three times in four years; until people see the tree again for quite awhile and freely. They stand firmer in the reason to the contrary that Reason
have lost all interest in them and are was then much surprised to find it, in ground than trees with all roots left could ask, but the learned gentleman's
looking for something else. We have.at all its branches and the fruit, com- on put out over a year ago. ignorance and prejudice held him spell
last one of real merit, which I can pletely covered with long scales, as I A. J. ALDRICH. bound; for which he could not answera
in all good conscience recommend.It suppose they were.I Orlando. word. He remained unmoved.S. .
is a seedling from the Onderdonk cannot imagine where they came Gum Disease in the Lemon. W. CARSON.
Favorite (a peach very similar to the from, for I had seen none in the grove Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: ,
Florida Crawford). It was introducedhere before. I was really afraid I should The gum disease of the lemon tree The White Fly Pest.EJditor .
some twelve years ago by Dr. J. lose the tree, but at once applied a for which Mr. Tanner seeks a remedy Farmer and Fruit Grower:
C. Neal from Texas. It is one of our good dressing of fertilizer, and as I attacked all my lemon trees after the We received the enclosed letter
finest peaches, ripening latter half of had a lot of gas lime from Northerngas cold of 1886, and a few trees this from C. F. Waldron, of Welaka, Fla.,
July.Six. works in which there is a liberal spring. giving his experience with the White
. years ago I raised several hun amount of sulphur I put a good dress- Remedy : Cut away all the diseased Fly. Very kind of him. Perhaps
dred seedlings of this kind and sold ing of that under the tree also. The bark t leave the edges of the cut of you would like to take some points
them to my neighbors, believing they tree did not put on any new growthto clear healthy bark, scrape off all the discolored from his letter.
would produce a peach similar to the speak of until this spring, but is wood. Boil the gum of the pine C. A. BACON.
-parent, as yellow freestones generally doing well now and is entirely free tree to make a paste, with which cover Ormond, July 24. 18q2.
- do. Probably 95 out of 100 turned from scale or other insects. I got the the wound. New bark readily forms C. A. Bacon, Esq.:
out as I expected. A few trees have gas lime of Paine & Son, of Jackson. under the pine gum. The object of DEAR SIR :-I notice your piece in
borne peaches different; among theseis ville. I think it must be the sulphurthat the pine gum is to prevent borers get- the: last DISPATCH about the WhiteFly
the one under consideration.T. cleaned the scale off so effectually, ting access to the wood. Some of my pest, as we call it. The first seen
B. Pearson bought it and has it and the question with me now is, willit trees; have scars larger than a man's of it here was some five years ago in a
now in his orchard. It commenced destroy or drive away red spider I hand completely covered with new small diseased nursery; it spread
bearing when two years old and has and other trespassers? Think I shall bark.If. among groves along the river and
not failed to bear a good crop every try it and see. A. J. ALDRICH. the disease is not checked it will hammock places, but did no damageout
season since, being four in succession. Orlando,July 21, 1892. girdle the limb or tree, also borers will on pine land groves. I have a
':No other kind in this neighborhoodhas t do much damage. grove in hammock, 450 trees, fine
done that. Two years ago nearly How the Mango; Grows. JAMES FRANKLIN. ones, set out six years ago, and they
every kind failed except it. Last year The mango is propagated from seed Montverde. gave; me a hard fight the past two
'Peento, Honey and Waldo were all and by inarching (or grafting as it is t.4 years.I .
right, but Onderdonk and our common often wrongly termed). The seeds The Bogeys that Belie Florida. have sprayed them with all sorts
.natives failed. This year Onderdonkand lose their vitality in a few days after Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: of solutions, having London purple,
natives all right, but Peento and being taken from the fruit, and this A gentleman from Boston, Mass.\ Paris green, potash, etc., and it did
Waldo and Angel killed. I have some fact makes it exceedingly difficult to who has lately visited Orange county, not seem to effect the rascals a bit.
trees of the Waldo next neighbors to obtain seed of the best varieties from was, by promise, to visit Keystone Last summer my grove was a most
:the Archer, same age. The latter had foreign countries. about the 15th of the present month, smutty one; fruit 200 boxes; I had to
not yet bloomed when a frost killed The process of inarching is of course and who had failed under promise scrub with palmetto brushes. The
the fruit on the Waldo.I slow and laborious, and only employedin twice; previously, states to me that he cold: of January 4 reached them and
say this much to show how sure a propagating the best varieties. had been reminded that it was very most of the trees shed the greater portion -
bearer we have in this new peach. When fresh seeds are planted they unsafe this hot weather to visit the of their leaves. Warm, moist
This is a quality to recommend evena soon appear above the ground. The sand hills in this section. I need not weather followed, in a few weeks more
second or third rate fruit. But here pod, or shell, incloses from two to ten say that I was very greatly surprisedafter hatched out, another good frost played
we have a peach among the very best :I separate germs, each of which may I reflected on the matter, yet I havoc with .the fly. More hatched
.in flavor. Medium size, freestone, make a tree if the plants are taken up could but feel a flush of disgust when and still another frost froze them, and
cream colored, with a nice blush next and divided during the first year's I I[ read the letter, as I well know thatit also knocked most of the bloom. I
the sun. It resembles the Honey in growth before they have time to grow is so common for any turn to be then found plenty of scale, the resultof
shape only not so long, and the tip together; though all are compressedInto made, either fair or unfair, to prevent > their doings, and I hitched up my
.on the blossom end not near so prominent one apparently solid kernel, they prospecters from visiting this section.A spray pump and used the Hubbard
It is undoubtedly a cross be- may readily be separated without gentleman said to me a short time Kerosene Emulsion very thoroughly
..tween the Honey and the Onderdonk, damage to each other, but more usually ago who had ignored every offset and and had the great satisfaction of getting -
as a Honey tree stands beside the parent after the plants are up. The seeds came anyhow, "Well, I am truly rid of nearly all, and the trees,
.
Onderdonk, and I think was in bloomat germinate more readily if the shell or surprised at your lake fronts and the came out beautiful, clean and nice.
the same time.It outer coat of the seed is removed be- color of the water. Mr. made I: will now kerosene them again, and
ripens just after the Honey and fore planting. The process of inarching the impression on my mind, when I believe> I am on the road to successful -
.-Waldo are gone, filling in the space as is the case with most fruit trees, talked of coming here Jo look, that extermination of the pest.
'between them and the natives; was hastens the time of fruiting. In Flor the fronts were muddy and disagreeable They spread also out on pine-
ripe when there were no others here. ida,however,seedling mangoes usually and the water dark. And I ex. groves, and last winter's cold used



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AUGUST 4, 1892] THE FLORIDA DISPATCH, FAHMER AND 1 UIT GROWEE. .. 605
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them up as well as the bloom. It experience, he will be almost sure to
seems to be going from West Florida have a crowded orchard in years to file dine wd. The Fine}'.

over East Florida, and is now at come. Crowded orchards produce ...
'
NXN N > WV V WS XWN W1SX''
Crescent City, twelve miles east of me, fruit, as a rule, that is not up to full Edited by E. DUBOIS, Tallahassee, Fla. Edited by JOHN B.Fla.BEACH,Melbourne,
giving them all they can handle. Our flavor, because the sunshine has not Unfermented
pine groves are more subject to frosts, had a chance to perform its full mis- Grape Juioe. How Not to Plant Pineapples.I .
hold. sion. Where the evil exists The editor of American Garden
so they cannot get so good a an ax have only just returned from a
In my opinion-and it is from my should accompany the pruning saw gives the following directions for
experience-cutting out the most bad. on its rounds among the trees. In making: very pleasant trip to the Lake Worth

ly diseased limbs and persistent spray- such case the space occupied by some The juice, expressed from the country, where I had the pleasure of
ing with the kerosene emulsion will of them is worth more than the trees, grapes looking over the pineapple interests of
with I and those that remain will by any convenient means, is reducedto
get away them. was going to produce that country. In response to a gen-
write this to THE DISPATCH, but in much better fruit, and in many casesas one quarter of its bulk by boiling
eral from those I had the
- order that you may get it without delay much of it as the orchard bore be- slowly in an earthen jar. Bottle the. request
I send and sendto fore pleasure of meeting, I desire to com-
to you you can thinning. resulting liquid when cool, cork
the paper if you wish. I shall be Thus writes a learned Northern ex- municate, through the columns of the
tightly and keep the bottles in a cool,
,
pleased to tell you anything I can change, and, as usual, we have to Sun, my opinion of their lands, modeof
about this the worst pest the orange take many exceptions to it in Florida dark place. By using two or three cultivation, etc. I could not meet
growers have yet had to contend with. latitudes. It is well known that the spoonfuls of this, stirred in a glass of
and talk with all the gentlemen interested

Very truly yours. wild strawberry has a piquancy and water, a delightfully cooling, invigo-
x C. F. WALDRON. aroma beyond the cultivated. The rating and refreshing drink is made in this business, and therefore
W dab, F1a.Cultivating. finest, silky oranges we have seen in take this opportunity of having a talk
for the invalid the
I < or workwearybody.
the State were raised by a grower who with fellowgrowers.In .
Fruits for Flavor. : No or other addition is my
that he "does not iron sugar
avers an
I put the first place, all the land I
The most highly flavored strawberry tool to the trees but once a year." required at any stage, and by reason
becomes insipid when starvedin The Kelsey plum must not be culti- of the boiling down process, compara- looked at is good pineapple land, but,
growth and choked with weeds. vated or it will fall off. It is quite tively little space and few bottles are unfortunately, nearly all the planters
Two apple trees of the same sort and possible to cultivate fruit so much as required to preserve the product. have started wrong, and will surely
equally vigorous at the start will bear to render it coarse.-ED. Among other methods to prevent reap dire results the second year.
fruit that will scarcely be recognizedby I fermentation, we copy the following: They have planted too far apartandin
the taste, as related to each other. Mango Varieties. A California writer stems the grapes all my experience I have never
One grows in a roomy, well fertilizedand Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: and presses out the juice into a tank, known success to come in plantingover
well cultivated garden, and the Where all these differences come letting it stand over night to settle. two feet-from twenty to twentytwo -
other produces its fruit with sod- from none of us can tell. The Jumbo, "In the morning I rack it off and then inches is right for our common
bound roots in sterile soil, and closely it is declared, is a seedling from my filter, thus rendering it free from all pines-a trifle more for the larger va-
crowded among other trees, so that old trees of before "the freeze." These vegetable matter. I also-take a quan rieties. My reason for making a state-
what sunshine reaches its branches it were Kidney, while Jumbo is seem tity of black grapes and put them in a ment which is so much at variance
has to steal i in by devious ways. ingly mixture of Kidney and Apricot. boiler, letting them come to a boil, in with the Lake Worth methods is this:
Many people with each returning Now, I learn of another seedling order to produce a dark juice. This The pineapple will not endure the
spring set out some new variety .of from either Kidney or Apricot juice I also filter. Now, by blending heat of our burning sun shining di-
fruit that is highly recommended, and which is nearly red-a beautiful fruit. these juices, any shade of wine I desire rectly on the ground. They them-
then after a season or a number of Then there is another nearly as largeas is produced, from a light pink to selves must furnish shade by their own
seasons of careless or improper man- Jumbo but rounder and it seems a a deep claret color. Ithen, put the leaves, and when planted four feet
agement, they claim that it is of no mixture of Apple and Apricot. I find wine (so much of one color as is de. apart they can never be made to cover
value. Delicious flavor, whatever be eight different kinds, and all except sired) in a boiler, which should be of the ground, and soon the sun burns
the fruit or vegetable, is promoted by the purple I believe to be seedlingsfrom copper, with a faucet at the bottom, the very life out of the soil and the
the best conditions of growth; and Apricot and Kidney, fruit grown for convenience in bottling, and let it plants perish. Even if a good first
this means good soil, well drained here. So we must believe that the come to a brisk boil, skimming what crop should be obtained the second
is sportive so to speak. rises to the surface. It will not its for
and fertilized; thorough cultivation; mango very is now readyto pay own expenses
proper thinning of the fruit, so that The second, above mentioned, I have draw off into bottles, which shouldbe this best of reasons. When the
what remains may receive the vigorous named No. 10 for the present.I standing in hot water to prevent suckers appear which go to make the
strength of the plant, and a full was in hopes that Brother Van breaking on the introduction of the second crop of apples, and begin to
supply{ of sunshine and pure air. Deman or Prof. Sanders, of the Agri-- hot juice. When the bottles are filled, fruit, the weight of the growing apple
Fruit must have sunshine to developfine cultural Department, would come they should be corked immediately, gradually bends the sucker, which
flavor, and it is folly to econo- down and report on this mango busi and then the corked ends dipped into bears it outward and breaks it down,
mize in garden space by planting rows ness. I shall send them samples of I melted rosin, which seals them air- giving a poor, sun-burned apple, unmarketable -
of small fruits between the rows of the different kinds we have. tight. and therefore unprofitable.Why .
apple or pear trees, to remain after WM. P. NEELD. A sweetened juice is prepared as is this so? Simply because the
the latter have attained large growth.It Pimellas. 1' follows: Mash the grapes and press plants, being set so far apart, afford no
is not enough that the sunshine can An Enemy to the Red Spider Dis out the juice. Before bottling it, support whatever to each other, and
come down upon the tops of the trees covered. sweeten to the extent desired with best the suckers, being only lightly attachedto
and bushes from above, sufficient as Horticultural Commissioner Jones white sugar; strain carefully, fill the the parent plant, are easily brokenoff.
that may seem to some. It must have reports a new discovery in the form : bottles and set them upon a wooden When set out, say twenty or
access freely 'to every part if perfect of a natural enemy to the destructivered foundation in a boiler; surround them twenty-two inches, the growing plant
quality is desired. Free space for spider. The red spider has be- with water up to the necks; bring to a spreads out each half way to its neigh-
the roots to work, and plenty of fertilizing come one of the most destructive foes boil and boil ten minutes; then from bor, interlocking the long leaves,
material to feed them upon, to horticultural interests, and especially one of the bottles fill the rest, to make completely covenng the ground and
will assist in forming perfect fruit. on the uplands near the coast.It up loss by evaporation: and cork them affording the necessary support to each
"Plenty of fertilize means just has been particularly troublesomeat while hot; after corking, seal the other, thus causing a staunch uprightstem
enough and no more, for some plantsif Chula Vista, and all treatment has corks. The sulphurous acid gas impregnating and apple, and thereby obtaIn-
fed too highly run too much to failed to permanently eradicate it. the juices will be volatil- ing the best results.I .
woody growth. Care should be taken Commissioner Jones observed lately, ized and driven off by the heat." desire to extend my warmest
also to apply dressing after growth however, that in an orchard previously The "Pasteurization" of wines is thanks for the courtesis extended me
ceases in the tailor in the spring when ; affected, the spider was disappearing simply the destruction of fermentation, by the genial lake people, and to assure -
it is starting; to avoid the winter killing -i without special treatment. He lookedfor by heating to 125 to 150 degrees Fah., them all that I have given them
of new growth late in the,season.A a cause, and finally found it in a and is in effect the fundamental prin- the benefit of my own experience with
serious mistake that one sees in short-winged fly. Commissioner Jones ciple in any of the above methods. the pineapple, and desire heartily a
many orchards in passing through the will have specimens of this fly on ex- The chemist of the Department of great success for all who enter the
country is the crowded condition of hibition, and will report further re Agriculture well says that "when a business. Lake Worth and its wealthof
trees. They are so small, and the sults.-San Diegan.If process so unobjectionable in every pineapple land has a great future,
space between them seems so great l'' T way answers its purpose so admirably, but it must be intelligently plantedand
when the orchard is laid out that unless you <*"f eel weak it furnishes an additional argument in cultivated to win success. Give
one follows such definite rules as all out take favor of the legal suppression of all them but half a chance and they will
to distance as owners of full devel- and worn chemical means of arresting fermenta flourish.THOMAS E.. RICHARDS in

oped orchards can give from their own i -BROWN'S--- IRON BITTERS- tion by the use of antiseptics, etc." i Juno Sun.





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600 THE FLORIDA DISPATCH, FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. [AUGUST 4,. 1892. '

"

F MRMERDThI1CIE1] ) \ on a square foot. Have 150, but after confess to liking the level cultivation cutting square across and not mang-- :

they come up thin to 100 per square much the best, and find it to be much ling them. When the plants are eight

'- foot. As an ounce of seed is supposedto less labor. The plants can be set at any inches high the earth is about filled

Celery Culture. start 3,000 plants, one can calculatethe time,with but little more labor required, with their roots and cultivation should

i The demand for celery has largely amount of seed required, but it is or more risk of loss than in setting cab- cease.

increased in nearly all sections. For better to assume that not more than bage plants. Some set out when about The first step in banking consists in

the past ten years it has increased each half that number will germinate, and three inches high, and transplant again grasping all the stems of a plant in

r year, spreading into new locations be fit to transplant when large enoughfor when eight inches high. This doublesthe one hand and with the other makinga

where before only a few ate it, and also thinning, and perhaps an ounce of i labor, and those who grow it upona retaining collar of earth around themto

I' being more freely used by those who seed for each thousand plants requiredwill large scale do not see any benefit keep them snug together. After

* had used it before. It is not difficult be a safer estimate. After they from this method which compensatesfor this the banking progresses graduallyas

I: to grow it for winter market, although come up they must be kept free from the extra expense. From three to the plants stretch up higher and

r'I. there are seasons unfavorable to good weeds, and, even if not weedy, the six inches high is a good size for trans- higher*-ED.
.
growth, or conditions under which it ground should be stirred often enoughto planting, if they are not to be moved .-.

t, 1s.not easy to blanch it to a perfect keep it from hecoming baked. again. WATER PROTECTION

J. whiteness, and retain the crispness so VARIETIES. TAKING UP THE PLANTS.

'r desirable, without a decay that causes The varieties preferred by Bradford Take them up with a common spade, The Lines of Winter Gardening are

f great shrinkage in the amount to be county growers are the Mexican Solid kept sharp as a knife by the use of a Being Rigidly Drawn.

* marketed. The sudden change in and the Boston Market, in the order flat file. Take a pair of sheep shears, Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower:

price in the Boston market last winter named. For an early winter the cut the tops off the plants two inches In'the FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER
k crop above the then the leaves for July 14th is an article by Jas. H.
ground
,
from about $i per dozen bunches to seed should be sown at once in beds,
r weeks well illustrates cannot evaporate the moisture from White, in which he renews a claim he
: $4, within a few and the last week in July would have
the vicissitudes of the celery business. been still better. But if the land is the root before it commences to draw made, substantially, nearly ten years
I from the earth its ago, namely, that there is as high an
However, a crop that every farmer made very rich, and the plants kept support through
f can succeed with in every year has not well cultivated,a very good and profit- new rootlets, which will show in forty. average minimum winter temperatureat

tt been found, and if it could be, it would able crop can be grown from August eight hours after setting in favorable a given point on the east coast of

I be so commonly grown that there would sowings. weather. Slide the spade full lengthof Florida as at a point 150 miles further
blade under the south on the west coast. I challenged
[ be no profit. Almost every one has PREPARING THE LAND. right plants, cut.
\, the\ element of speculation or gambling ting the tap root off i U inches below his statement of nearly ten years agoat
The land must be rich, or made so the time and he now admits that
and the surface of the ground, sliding each ,
k to some extent, they are willing at
I least to take the chances of a large by using plenty of manure, which spadeful off upon a vacant spot of the proofs then were very meagre; but
t should be strong and well rotted, but now after nearly ten he feels
i. crop, or a high price, in favorable sea- ground where those who gather the years,
sons, as an offset against the possibilities not fire-fanged. If other crops grow plants into pans will have room to that proofs worth offering have been
between the rows of celery,the manure
of failures from conditions that are work. found, and that they consist in com-
must be abundant for both crops, and paring weather from four pointson
not under their control in occasional GRADING THE PLANTS. reports
f after that is well worked into the soil the east coast with those from two
years. Each workman needs two pans, one
an additional supply of mineral fertil- the
points on west coast.
for the and for the
SEED AND SOIL. large plants one
izers in the form of wood ashes
or If I was a new arrival from the
f The first is small-ones, so that when set in the
: requisite to success good
potash salts, and some phosphatic fertilizer North I would think' Mr. White had
f plants. To obtain these, good row each grade will be by itself, and i
procure would be beneficial as making made out his case, and that I would
" seeds from who has them. the large cannot overshadow the small
t' some one
and stouter plants for setting
strong settle the
on east coast at once but
As the seed costs it is better to and keep them from growing. Or the ;
high
and also giving better growth in the during the time Mr. White has been
deal only with parties known to be responsible small ones can be set close in a bed
fall. The most successful Michigan weather
accumulating reports, I have
and then the and transplanted to the field after they
even to test sows bushels of refuse salt
grower 500 been carefully observing the effects of
for forced this is
before much get large plants a
germinating power sowing and fifty bushels of unleached ashes, ; frost in all kinds of locations. At one
: of it. Good mellow land not good way to do. When putting the
subject
of kainit
or 500 to 1,000 pounds per time, like many others, I lamentedthat
to injury by drought, unless of long acre. Make sure that the land is in plants into the pans separate each just at the point where Florida

continuance, is the next important good condition for a seed bed; that is, plant from all others. Put no grassor climate got just right the land came to
weeds in have the stand
item.. A good quality of flatwoods or ; plants
fine and mellow on the surface, but an end but now 1 know better. If
well-drained hammock is best for the nearly upright in the pans and press ;
firm and moist at an inch or two lower the peninsula of Florida extended 100
close the air from the
in this State. together to keep
purpose down.
miles further south, and was
roots.' Give the pan a slant while propor-
SOWING THE SEED. TRANSPLANTING.The tionally wider than it really is, then
filling it, so the plant will lean a little,
This is difficult to make germinatein manner of setting varies with then when the pan is filled put in a killing frosts would extend to. the

the rainy season in this State. One the different kinds and in different lo- handful of earth where the last plantwas southern edge, except where there was

way is to sow the seed broadcast directly calities. The tall sorts are usually put put to mark the place for the set- water protection. It is time that it /

on top t of the ground, press it in rows from five to eight feet apart, ter to commence taking out the plants. should be generally known and admitted ,

down smooth and firm, and spread old the distance being varied according to Then sprinkle with water and cover that there is no place in Flor- I

carpets or gunny sacks over it, wetting the expectations of the height to whichit with canvas, and the pan is ready to ida, away from water protection, thatis

these night and morning. As soon as may attain, and the known capabilities be carried to the field. not visited almost every year with .

the seeds sprout, which will generallybe of the soil for making a bank of cold sufficient to kill garden vegeta- j

in three days under this forcing that height which will stand up againstthe SETTING. bles and tender plants and trees.

system, the sacks or cloths must be removed plants, without too broad a base. Have holes punched as for straw- Mr. White has said that a line drawn
three inches in
.: and stretched on sticks laid The soil of the flatwoods will stand berry plants, two or from Cape Romano to Jupiter Inlet ?

above the bed, say a foot above the banking almost like iron-moulders' diameter, with a steel-pointed spud would, for all practical purposes, showa
will clear hole
leave and
surface of it. As the plants grow, the sand. The bank need not be over that a cut not strictly tropical region to the south
the sides and leave loosened
t cloth must be removed altogether, and three or four inches across at the top. pull up a ward; but he seems to disregard the
that will Get
S the slats so adjusted as to allow a half- In some soils this could scarcely be place soon dry out. fact that all the dry land south of that r

light to fall on the plants, the amount made without a base four feet across, right down on the knees; have these line lies in narrow strips, with water ;
if desired with leather
; of light being gradually increased until, but in the flatwoods soil it would be all protected, protection on two sides. He speaksof
Take in the left hand
J' by the time the plants are three weeks right if two feet across. They are set, caps. a plant the flora of the east coast showinga
it inch lower than it
old, they can sustain the unbroken or allowed to stand, from six to eight place a quarter more tropical condition than the
in the seedbed hold it the
light of the sun. inches apart in the rows. was against west coast. Will he name one speci-
left side of the hole and with the
right
r; Another way is to sow on the surface Some would make furrows and part- men found, growing away from water
and moist
and wet it twice a day, and keep ly fill them with manure, coveringwith hand tightly pack tamp protection, that is any more tropical in
all
earth sand aroundthe
t"- a sheet of plant bed-cloth stretched earth not quite level with the surface (rejecting dry ) its nature than can be found on the
that there is
three or four inches above the surfaceof thus leaving a trench in which roots, making sure no west coast? If so, I hope he will report
hole left clear the bottom.
the bed to shade it and protect it the plants are set. Others prefer to air to ; but, really, he must not be so

from the beating rains. make all the ground rich, and set the CULTIVATION AND BLANCHING. long about it as in his last reply.

To get the right amount take a half- plants upon the surface, claiming that The cultivation is all comprehended On the Gulf coast, where there is

4 pound baking powder can, punch a these trenches are liable to be washed practically in these words-keep the water protection to the northward,

few small holes in the lid, fill with by the rains in their soil, so that theyare plants clean. Some plants even after there are rubber trees, tropical papaws,

seed, mark off a few square feet on the filled with earth, or: gullied out by being graded in planting, will outstrip limes, guavas and many similar plants

dark ground, so that the seeds will the rains, and the plants either buried others, and when they are five inches and trees as far north as Manatee and

show. Now shake it over the same with earth or washed out of the ground high, with a very sharp hoe-clip the Tampa Bay. But such trees or plantsare

like a"pepper box, and count.the seeds whenever there is a hard shower. We tops of these off about half way down, killed down .to the ground: almost


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AUGUST 4, 1892] THE FLORIDA DISPATCH, FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. 607


every winter away from water protec ice or dead vegetables. The intending Another case in point was a report and unless he sent $5 at once for the
tion. Winter gardening is followedless settler must go where he. finds the from one of our customers that of two second lot of eggs he would send a
and less every winter away from plants, etc., growing that he wishes to sittings of Light Brahma eggs we sent lawyer after him in short order. The
water protection. The failures from cultivate. He must assure himself hre only three showed any sign of man forwarded the $5, and laughed it
frost make such ventures too uncer that parties are living there who find fertility and not one pipped the shell. off, but it was a lesson to our friend
tain. If winter gardening is carriedon they can make such cultivation a con- We have two pens of fine Light Mr. B.This.
successfully away from water protection tinuous success. If he depends on Brahmas. All the eggs from those two story is.too long already, and
on the east coast, will Mr. weather reports he will stand ten pens go into one basket and we ship we only have space to add that we
White, or any other person, name the chances to one of getting settled where and set, indiscriminately from that feel that the breeders' reliance shouldbe
locality? It will be a curiosity when frost comes every year. basket. Reports from all these eggs in sending eggs they know are good,
found. The sooner it becomes generally have all been good. We mentionedtwo and then, if the customer bungles
As additional proof of the benefitsof known where success in winter gar. last month, Miss T., of Maryland, them and gets no chicks, l let him bear
water protection, let any one interested dening and the propagation of tropical who had three sittings, every one fer the loss. It was his fault; he should
investigate the conditions foundin fruits is too uncertain, the better it will tile. We set two hens on twenty-four stand the loss.-Farm Poultry.
the different lake regions of Flori be for our State. I have known a eggs and got twenty-three chicks, one m .
da. He will find in the better portionof great many in various localities to be- egg infertile. As we had sent our Fanciers and Their Customers.We .

them guavas, bananas, garden come bankrupt in such mistaken effort, customer precisely the same eggs we have just received a very un.
vegetables, etc., growing successfullywith while they might have been entirely declined to do any more; we believewe grateful letter from a customer to whomwe
only rare visitations from injurious successful if they had cultivated such had done all that the circumstances sent two sittings of eggs, which
frosts, while away from these fruits and farm products as are safe required. There is no such thingas
the lands "luck" in hatching chickens and prompts us to .send the above letter
lakes, at varying distances, orange from frost. With these, ,
trees as much as eight years old are away from water protection have their if a man so mismanages eggs that from Mr. Hunter on the subject of
sometimes killed by frost. In view own peculiar advantages not to be hatch splendidly with us and with Breeder and Consumer. As we had

of all the foregoing as to water protection found generally at the coast. It has others we believe the fault is his, and frequently said, the egg trade is a very
from frost, I feel assured thatMr. been too often true that new comers that his should be the loss. unsatisfactory business at best and
White has been misled in his con- have been allowed to waste their A great many people don't know ,
like those above good (fertile ) when they see several large breeders now refuse to
clusions and that what he has seen on means at experiments eggs eggs .
the east coast in the way of tropical mentioned when there were people on them. Here's a letter received in to sell eggs to hatch; but you can buy
growths were due to water protection, all hands who could have told them night's mail, after this article is under stock that they warrant, an and cannot be found near that coast that failure was certain. Florida will satisfactory send them back again.In .
except where there is water protection, never show to proper advantage until way."Dear Sir: Allow me to report the the case referred to the party
and that there is no such difference in the right thing is done in the right very unsatisfactory hatch of the last failed to hatch one from two sittings.
favor of the east coast over the westas place. W. E. DRISCOLL. sitting of Golden Wyandotte eggs you Just a few days previous three hens
he has imagined. I will now offer Manatee. sent me. Three eggs broken by hen came off with thirty-six chicks out ofa
further reason for believing he is mis- during her set, nine infertile, one sol- possible thirty-nine. The next sit-
taken. Poultry. itary chick hatched out, don't know ting after the ones sent hatched elevenout
It happens that both of the pointson whether it will live or not, doubtful. of thirteen. Now, what conclusion -
the west coast which Mr. White Edited by E.W. AMSDEN, Ormond, Fla. Some of the eggs when pricked with a must a breeder come to under
uses for comparison are from fifteen to '-" knife this morning exploded with a these circumstances? We do not guarantee
twenty miles from the Gulf, and three "ADDLED EGGS." loud report, scattering their unhealthy our eggs to hatch; our only

of those he uses for the east coast are Some Piquant -Correspondence on contents in every direction." guarantee is that we send out eggs
on narrow strips of land lying imme- Subject. The only thing to do in such a case gathered from the same pens we hatch
Unpleasant
diately on the Atlantic coast, if the an is to tell the party that the eggs were from, as we are not able to determinethe
There seems to be not a little mIsap-- fertile by their explod- of before it has been
map at hand is correct. Now, if he as was proved fertility an egg
had given reports from the east coast prehension among buyers of eggs as ing. Infertile eggs are perfectly clear, incubated a number of days; and, as
from points fifteen and twenty miles to what they should receive from the just as when laid. The germ of life is there is as much in knowing how to
the of decay, and an egg rottenis a sitting hen as there is in the
from the Atlantic or had found reports breeder, and not a few breeders seem germ manage
sure proof that the egg was fertile. to hatch, we do not see why all
from points as near the Gulf as he did i to be not wholly clear as to their obli- eggs
for the Atlantic, it is probable there Those three eggs broken in the nest the responsibility should rest with the
would have been no material differ- gations to their customers. For example explains the poor hatch. Whether the fancier.As .

ence in them. The fourth point on a well known and wholly reliable poor hen was lousy we don't know Mr. Campbell's scientific exper-
the east coast ((Titusville), which he breeder of Leghorns came to us a (;probably she was, most hens are!) iments have proven that all hens are
gives, bears out this theory. It is ten short time ago with a letter he had but if she was and was tormented so not successful hatchers, then why
miles from the Atlantic, and while just received from a customer he had she; could'nt keep still she'd twist about should we take all the risk of trans-
only about thirty miles north of Island shipped three sittings of eggs to, the and break the eggs, daubing the others portation, carelessness and honesty of
Home, it shows three degrees lower customer reporting only four or five ; closing the pores of the shells and the buyer, and the selection of the hen
average minimum winter temperature.How chicks, the balance of the eggs failing killing the germ, then decay sets in. he uses to incubate? If parties are
can he account for that, except to hatch, for several reasons, and he We know we sent our customer good unfortunate with eggs we send out,
that the difference is due to the dis- thought he ought to receive some more eggs: eggs which in our hands have we are always willing to meet them
tance Titusville is from the Atlanticas eggs free. "What would you do in a given us splendid hatches of strong,vigorous half way if they will write informingus
compared to Island Home? Being case like that?" asked the breeder."You chicks. By his blundering he of their misfortune. E. W. A.QQQQQQ&QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQV.
thirty miles north does not account for sent him eggs that you knew has spoiled the eggs, clearly he should
the three degrees difference in tern-'' were good, just the same as you are bear the loss.
hatching from yourself?" we asked. We hear of a case, of a New Hampshire 9

perature.Mr.' White speaks of drawing a line "Certainly, they were the same eggs man who bought three sittings Fraud BUYERS OP Fruit \Wrappers
-
from Myers to Titusville with the that my hens are bringing out from ten of Leghorn eggs of a breeder and in 9 o
inference that all south of that line to thirteen chicks to a sitting from." due time reported very bad luck, only 9 NO MORE CHEATING.
would be equally safe for tender plants "Very well, then you've done all that three or four chicks and lots of eggs 3 Consumers of Fruit Wrappers maya
and vegetables. Almost any one liv- you agreed to do, haven't you? You infertile, etc. The breeder being new .y now know that they get an honest
ing south of that line can tell him that sold him three sittings of eggs that in the business felt sympathy for the C) ream of 480 sheets and not 400 or alb I
from large bodies of water to you know were good, he has failed to customer: and duplicated the order, sheets to ream as some unscrupulous
the away northward, or narrow strips of hatch them, largely through his own sending him three more sittings. In 9 dealers supply.

land at the coasts, frost kills garden fault, and, certainly, you are not due time came another disappointing 9 OUR "FAIR AND SQUARE" f.
with the 9
make his loss just about on a par
nearly every winter as far called upon to good. report,
vegetables first As the breeder was having Wrappers are put up in packages of
considerable "That's the way it looks to me, replied 9
south (inland) as any himself and 1000( ) each and each Wrapper is numbered c>
body of land extends. I was put on the breeder, "but then, he'llkick splendid hatches having in printing consecutively from ()
guard as to weather reports at probably, and I can be sure I'll mostly good reports he wrote a friend : 9 9 1 to 1000.> No one can
my DeLand in The Agriculturistgave never have another order from him." in the next town to drive over and see 9 I
1883. "if want what he had in chickens. In due time 9 HONESTLY BEAT
weekly reports. One morningin "Oh, well, we replied, you 9 C
March there was ice there, and to buy his trade by condoning his folly came the letter saying the man had a 9 our prices. Send for samples and CS
garden vegetables had alreadybeen and you bear the loss which ought to fine lot of chickens, among them g prices 8

killed. But the Agriculturist came but fall upon certainly him, that's.are not another called thing, "fifty odd fine stock Leghorns of Mr. B.from" Our therize.winning | The Jersey City Printing Co., |
smiling with a minimum reportof you uponto
up him sense of right friend Mr. B. immediately wrote the 5 JERSEY CITY, N. J. g
thirty-six (36) degrees above help by any 9 Ooooooooooeooeooooooeoooooo
and fellow that he was on to his game,
man
between
zero, and not a word about frost or man


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608 |THE, FLORIDA DISPATCH, FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. [AUGUST 4, 1892
-
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STEPHEN POWERS, Editor.P. to the Northern uneducated taste than wiregrass to the Louisiana grass by seeming, here, in the very heart of
O.Address lAvrtey,FI*. any other of the four. simply breaking the sod, when the the piney flatwoods, yet, in the
latter in self seeded of Saint Paul "What -
slowly comes ; language prof-
size the
The
Orange Trees and Malaria in Flor- 4. Purple; same as but he can hasten it still more by iteth it?" "It will never be worth
Red but tinged with purple insteadof
,
ida. sowing a little seed. while for Florida to throw down the
It does seem, however, that within red; flesh about like that of the Now, let men of capital buy up gauntlet to the great cereal growing
the two decades, malarial. fevers have Apple in flavor; immature and hard. these abandoned sawmill or turpentine -i States of the North." To this, per-
been steadily on the decline, even in t claims in large bodies fence haps, an exception ought to be made,
the more sickly regions, which, in the A Chance for Large Enterprises. them with wire, stock them with se- and insisted on in favor of that great
writer's opinion, may be largely at- There are millions of acres in Flor- lected native heifers and import strength-producer, that richest in the
tributed to the cultivation of the ida of the class of land technically blooded bulls from the North or from nourishing albuminoids, of all the
orange tree within that period.Dr.J. described as flatwoods that are a bet- England, ,and they could not fail in a grains, namely, oats.
P. Wall, in the Climatologist. ter basis for large cattle ranches than few years to have properties which But we admit that the farmer had
nine-tenths of the area between the would be paying large returns. They better bring from the North his flour,
Wanted-Your Vote.It Rocky Mountains and the Pacific ought to buy fat cattle from the his cheese, butter, at least eight or
Ocean. The timber is naturally neighboring farmers, slaughter and nine months of the year, his apples,
is our constant study to make our sparse, and after being culled over for can and supply the Cuban and Southern and-here we stop reflectively, and
paper more valuable to our readers. sawmills or destroyed by the turpen- trade with canned beef. after due and thorough consideration,
We want a hundred of them to writeus tiners, it is still more scattered; and we stop absolutely.
their views' as to our market re the wiregrass sod generally stretches COST OF LIVING. What, not buy Irish potatoes from
unbroken throughout.This the North? Positively, no. It is one
ports. Do you desire to read some- becomes And Farming in Florida and the
wiregrass so tough of those immemorial, prescriptive
what extensive reports of the sales of and juiceless before winter that the North.COMPARATIVE i traditions of a non-investitratincr. and
-- ----- -- ----
Northern produce in Northern mark- native cattle with no other resource PROFITS.In unreflecting antiquity with---------0 which man-
ets ? How much space would you graze the starvation line close before the line of machinery the farmer kind is everywhere handicapped, and
like to see devoted to sales of Califor spring; but so, it must be remem- will require a heavy breaking-plow, a which has imposed itself upon the or-
nia fruit? Is there feature of the bered, do the cattle of the far western lighter, one-horse plow, a cutaway ange grower's indifference to the despised -
any ranges. A loss of ten to twenty percent harrow, a cultivator, a hand cultivator, plebian vegetable, that the
Jacksonville market you would like to from hunger and blizzards com- an assortment of hoes, spades,a seed- Irish potato, grown in Florida, will
see reported more fully ? Write the bined is common in the West, whilein drill, pruning knife, etc., and if he is acquire a black heart. When prema-
editor at Lawtey. Florida five per cent. is the heav- a strawberry grower, also a mowing turely grabbled out of the ground at
i iest percentage of loss, and often it is machine, roller and hay rake, thoughall such a ,stage of unripeness that the
Showing One's Colors. not more than two per cent. thesa last might just as well be skin will slip under the thumb, as it
The FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER But the fact of capital importanceis owned in common by a half dozen too often is in the haste to lay downan
that the great Western ranges are neighbors. All these tools, exceptthe early vegetable in New York, the
carries its name at the masthead and constantly deteriorating under the roller will have to be procured Irish potatoe does turn black in the
could not haul it down if it would, grazing of stock, while those of Flor- outside of Florida, and will cost the heart and decay. But if thoroughly
when about to take a shot at the ida steadily improve under the same grower, assuming that he owns a few ripened, carefully harvested and laid
transportation companies. Our con- conditions. In a work on "The of the more expensive ones in partner- away in a cool dry place the Irish
tributors welcome to Lands of the Arid Region," issued by !chip: or hires them for the little time potato will keep in Florida-if not so
are use our
guns, the government, it is stated (p. 74) they are needed, say $50 more than well as in the North, at least so well
if they will load only with facts and that "cattle, horses and sheep have they would in the North. that the percentage of rotten tubers
arguments. But we wish they would ranged through all the valleys and Now, as to articles of household. will discount the expense of transpor-
come up on deck, where they can be: upon all the mountains. Over large consumption. There is presented a tation from the far plains of Summit
seen and known of men, and not remain areas they have destroyed the native very erroneous idea as to the number county. The planting season, autumn
down between decks grasses, and they have everywhere re and variety of these articles that must and spring together, practically ex-
firing duced them. Where once the water be imported from the North in orderto tends through six months of the round
through our port holes.Sampling from rain was entangled in a mesh of enable a well-to-do farmer and his year, and this fact, coupled with the
t < vegetation and restrained from gath-- family to live in that generous comfort other one above mentioned, rendersor
the Mango. ering into rills, there is now only an and with that ample fulness of larder should render, Florida independent
From Mr. Wm. P. Neeld, of Pin- open growth of bushes that offer no to which they were accustomed in of the Northern potato grower.
ellas, we received samples of four obstruction. Where once the snows their Northern homes. Apples and The hard shelled Hubbard squash
varieties of the all in good of autumn were spread on a non- Irish potatoes, milk, cream, butter keeps wonderfully well; with two
mango conducting mat of hay and wasted and cheese, white and Graham bread, plantings a year the old treads hardon
condition. by evaporation until the sunshinecame buckwheat cakes, and oatmeal, steak, the heels of the new. The delicious -
I. The Jumbo; a huge fruit, as largeas to melt them, they now fall mutton, sausage, ham and eggs; cab- egg turnip, the rutabaga, the cab-
the largest Kieffer pear; greenish- upon naked earth and are melted at bage, tomatoes, squashes, beans, corn, bage, the onion, the winter radish,
yellow; skin moderately thin but very once by its warmth." lettuce, radishes-but why extend the the beet stand in the ground the winter
In Florida the same destruction of toothsome and savory catalogue of the long and offer their succulence for the
tough fruit dead ripe flesh melting
; ; the native grass, the wiregrass, takes things that grace the board of the solid picking.It .
running to waste in quantities of thick place, though slowly; but it i is western farmer, whose "good diges- is another one of those traditions
golden liquor as one attempts to slice promptly replaced by nature with far tion waits on appetite and health on which have survived from the first
the leathery peel; of an overpowering better varieties, the Louisiana, the both." host bellum Yankee who explored the
richness and tropical muskiness, flavored smut, the Bermuda and other grasses. Now, which of these things can be land from Dan to Beersheba.and cried,
with which continu- On the plains and the Pacific coast grown in Florida, or, rather, which 'Tis all barren"-if, indeed, it is not
turpentine the valuable bunch, grama and buffalo will it pay the farmer best to grow directly traceable to the unbelievingnative
ally obtrudes itself as an impertinenceand grasses are soon reduced or exter- here, and which to purchase abroad? himself, which we strongly sus-
drawback in this otherwise mag-- minated, and' they either leave no We hold, and know it to be absolutely pect-that "sweet corn will not growin
nificent mess of sop and fiber, filling successors or leave some which are certain, that every article in the above Florida!" A soil which producesthe
one's teeth full of strings. greatly inferior, for instance, the catalogue, with the possible exceptionof sweetest oranges, the highest per-
worthless squirrel grass (munroa squar- buckwheat, can be, and has been centage of saccharine matter in its
2. The Apple; fruit only about half rosa) which supplants the titmch grass grown, fruited and ripened into a cane juice and the sweetest yams and
as large as the Jumbo; color and shape of the Sierra Nevada foothill ranges. state suitable for the food of man in turnips-this soil, forsooth, would not
about the same; flesh much milder, But, as between the Florida wire- this State. We do not even except apples grow sweet corn! The malign and
less musky and turpentine flavored, grass and the grasses which followits and winter wheat, for we have seen death-dealing bud-worm preys on the
though this have been principallydue destruction, there is simply no them both-the one as plump and ear through midsummer heats, con-
may comparison as to value. An acre of juicy, the other as plump and farina- suming its substance!
to the immature condition of the Louisiana grass sod (paspalum plaiy- ceous as their great congeners which The gratuitous contradiction of logic
fruit. auk), such as is seen throughout the fill such a mighty place in the census Involved here, as well as the cheerful
3. The Red; about as large as a old French settlements around Mobile I tables of that string of magnificent self-superiority of this assumption may
goose-egg; very prettily washed with and in long-settled points in Florida, !commonwealths from New York west- well be overlooked in.view of its unqualified -
is worth, considering that it grows ward to Nebraska and southward to falsity. An experiment made
red on the exposed side flavor distinctly
; -. nearly the year round, as .much as an the Empire State. But, admitting that this present summer, and still not
touched with a sub-acid ren acre of blue grass in Kentucky. Man these products can be grown, and wholly consummated, has shown the
dering it less.tank and more agreeable can expedite this change from the grown to perfection in all outward writer that sweet corn, planted in sue-



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AUGUST 4, 1892] THE FLORIDA DISPATCH, FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.. 609 ':;,



cessive flourish and the well behaved horse $960 $1,479and my beans, tomatoes and coffee choice lots, but many have arrived out
relays, will yield ; upon of order and such drag heavily at low
succulent roasting ears throughout the $1,620. Another one, about plants, and in a very few weeks all and irregular figures. A few Bartlett-

summer. $1,500 to $2,000 a year for the three signs of woolly aphis had disappear have arrived from Maryland, Delaware ,.

What, then, is the summing up of years. Another one, from $750 to< from these plants.ELMO and Georgia, but California are so plenty
and low that the Southern have little attention
R. MESERVE.We .
the whole matter? This, namely: Tha $800. These were three good years ; even at the low figures asked.
the Florida agriculturist is really then came three not so good. Tw( shall be glad to see specimen: Near-by pears are in liberal supply and -

obliged to bring from the North nothing !; went into other business; the other of the insects to which Mr. Meservi moving slowly at irregular prices.

but his flour, apples, cheese, butte; two continued to clear from $250 to< refers. We believe that cargoes oC Peaches-Arrivals from Georgia have

(part of the year only), and perhaps $500 a year. But they have learned fruit arriving in this port are inspected continued liberal, but of very irregular
worthless. A
about
quality, being
considerable of by the officials of the State Board o many
his salt pork, for the cheap corn of the meantime to produce a few Elberta still arrive but season is
Western States will make "pork more the subsistence of their families and Horticulture. The above communi about over except for late Crawford,

plenty and bacon cheaper" than it can teams. cation may be a warning to all con ; which are selling from 3.00 to 3.50 for

be fattened here. Vegetables, canned< Six others have pursued a more di cerned.-ED. PREss.-Pacific Rural I fancy, down to .50 to 1.00 for poor.

meats and milk, hay (for there is no< versified industry, trucking as well Press, July 23.JACKSONVILLE. and Choice higher Maryland under and light Delaware receipts are, and firm a

valid reason for the importation of the as strawberry growing. They have< few choice Troths exceed quotations.

Northern baled article into a country cleared from $250 lo $1,000 a year ]VIal'l\ets. Early varieties have a moderate call in

where the amazing fecundity and the each; and the more industrious and range of prices quoted. A few Jersey

relishability to stock of the crabgrass,, economical ones have produced the< oJ arrive but poor and receiving little atten-
tion. are in moderate supply,
FLA. 3. Grapes
August
whether fresh or cured, is one of the I family living except flour, groceries; but nearly all poor and working out

phenomena of nature), ice, vinegar,, and clothing. FRUITS AND VG1 TABLES. slowly at low and irrgeular prices. A

wine, cigars, ail these and severa .-*-. [Corrected to date by Marx Bros.] few good South Carolina arrived and
Insects in Tahiti.At These are average quotations. Extra choice command extreme prices, but for North
the Orange
other articles ought never to pass lots fetch prices above top quotations, while poor Carolina and Georgia values are very
Florida border coming southward. different times I have called the lots sell lower.
Lemons,Fla.......................... 2.00 to 3.00 unsettled.
What, then, is the farmers' height attention of the people of California to .. Messina............. ......... 5.0 Pears, LeConte, barrel, choice, 4.00 to
ened all told? Flour cost: Limes, loo........... ................. .S< Elberta 2.50 to
expense, the great danger arising from the im Pineapples,crate...................... 2.50 to 3.0 4.50; peaches, Georgia ,
$1.25 a barrel more here. Canned< Bananas, bunch............ ........... 1.50 to 1.7; 3.50; grapes, Georgia Niagara, 4 to Sets;
about cents dearer portation Tahiti oranges without Potatoes, new. barrel ................. 2,2, Delaware, 4 to 8 cts; South Carolina Ni-
a can
goods are
5 bushel...... ......
sweet i.o
new
than in the North. Butter costs here subjecting them to inspection and Cabbage ... .......... .. .......... .o agara, 10 to 16 cts; melons, prime, per
Onions,crate.......................... i.ooto 1.25;, 100, 30.00; egg plant, barrel, 1.00 to 3.00:
15 cents a pound, on an average, more having them disinfected before distri Turnips,barrel........................ 1.75 sweet potatoes, North Carolina yellow,
than the'best grade of butte Beets, ............:... ....... 2.5. barrel 2.50 to 5.00 red 2.00 to 250.
country bution. Carrots, .................. ...... 2.S0 ; ,
does in southern Ohio; cheese about Parsnips, .......... .............. 2.5 PALMER, RIVENBURQ & Co.
An orange tree cannot be introduced Radishes, dozen....................... ..(0
8 cents more; hams about 6. Apple; Cucumbers........ ....................
in the North 40 cents a bushel; her without a great outcry, but vessels Celery.... ............. ............... 50 to .& CHICAGO, July 80. ..
loaded with fruit from the same Egg Plants,each........ ............. .05 to.oe
40 cents a peck, etc. Coffee, tea and< Beans, crate.......... ................. i.a Grapes, Concords, 6-basket crate, 1.50
little higher here than in localities can discharge their fruit Tomatoes.............................. .SO to 1.75 peaches, Georgia Elberta, 1.75
sugar very the mischief Peaches, crate........ ................. .5o to I.SO ;
the North. Molasses actually cheaper,. without any trouble. If ; Pears,barrel.......................... 3.25102.51 to 2.25; pines, Florida fancy, 12.00 to
To then the farmer's bread has not been already done, I request Plums...........-.................... 13.00; pears, LeConte, 40 cts; melons,
sum up, < Squashes slow sale bbl.............100 to I.Scwatermelons 320 to 350.
for a will cost him $5 more hen that the next cargo of Tahiti oranges ...._.......... ....?_... .05to .11 per car,
year received in San Francisco be inspected Canteloupes, barrel.................. 1.51
than there; his butter and cheese, $ic; Mangoes, too.......... ................. i.ootoi.y ST. Louis, July 30.
his salt meat, $5; his canned goods (i if not for scale upon the fruit, but Grapes, black, lo-lb. basket.......... .50 to.7* Pears, Alabama, LeConte, 60 to 70 eta; '>

he is too improvident to secure his for a worm or grub within. Duringthe POULTRY AND EGGS. Georgia, 10-lb.() basket. 40 to 60
latter part of May and first half of Hens....... ..........................$ .30 to .35 grapes, 225 to 250
own supply from the splendid cornucopia Roosters.............................. .25 to .y. cts; melons, prime, car, ;
which is poured out in Florida, June the greater portion of the ripe Broilers......................... ..... .20 to .21 peaches, Georgia, 6-basket crate, .75 to
beetle the Turkeys............................... i.ooto 1.25$ 2.00.
from the strawberry in February tp the< oranges are stung by a egg Ducks..................... ........... .20 to3S
in his of which"soon hatches and the grub Geese.................................. .Io to .IS
peach September), say $5; groceries into the fruit, and in a short Eggs.................................. .i< PHILADELPHIA, August 1.
$10; his fertilizer (say five tons), passes .
$40 than in the North his clothing time the fruit will fall to the ground.If The intense hot weather which we
more ; JACKSONVILLE MARKET NOTES. have had for the two weeks has
the is by a number of past
stung
His will be orange
$25 more. taxes at Melons are still in the greatest abun- been the means of giving lemons quite a
it will fall
beetles at once.
least $10 less here. dance, but muskmelons are done. El- boom. Nice, smooth, bright medium
Now let us tabulate: One fine orange tree upon my berth peaches are also about over; less sized lemons would sell here now at from
place, which was just ripening its second than a half dozen crates arrived to-day 5.00 to 6.00 per box. Limes are also in
ENHANCED COST OF LIVING IN FLORIDA. lot of fruit was attacked by this The market is very well supplied, how- fair demand at 4.00 to 5.00 per box. The
tlachlnery........_._...._....._......mi mi.....$ SO with other varieties, chiefly native market is firm at the above quotations at
Clothlng._..._...___...__.__....___..._ 25Pertillzer. beetle and in three days time fully ever,
....._..................-.....-............ .<... .(0 thirds of the had fallen to peaches; though ill looking and rather present, and should the hot weather con-
Household supplies..._................................ 31 two oranges dry in the interior,they are of a good body tinue, prices will go still higher. To in-
lAbor....._..._...-...-..................-...-- 50 the ground.I and very "filling at the price,' 10 cents sure prompt sales at good prices fruit

Total__.._...---........-....-...... .....-.1195 failed to find the parent of the a quart. There is a profusion of LeConte must be well colored. Green fruit will
Deduct for lighter taxes...._......._._......__. 10 grub last season, but this season, have pears, and some are good eating, but move slow. REDFIELD & SON.

:Lea vel.............._....N_....__.N..._.........'-185- ing more time, found it and studiedits most of and them were The picked finest too ripe of them and .

But this outlay for machinery is only work. Fruit having this grub has are retail dry at 20 cents mealy.a dozen, 40 cents a peck.A Persistent Cultivation Crop. Saved the

for the first year. been sent to California for a numberof fine French mango is shipped here

This, then, may be set down as the years, but it may be that the grub from' Georgiana, which holds its color Editor Farmer and Prult Grower; -
increased of living and farming leaves the fruit before the cargo better than the common sorts,which turn I am really too busy to write; yes,
expense certain-as certain reaches California. black too readily. But all mangos are busy cultivating the orange trees,,
here. This is hard to sell except to Cubans. They are
.as taxes. It is certain to the go6d J This same beetle attacks melon and at every stand; retail three for 5 cents. though: the thermometer registers 90,

farmer and to the poor, and the latter. squash vines and causes great destruction Some oranges and grapefruit still lingerin and Old Sol seems to come straight

will probably be the unlucky one of! among them. It very closely skins like mummies; the owners seem across the corner. I fancy I hear

the two who will find his added expenses resembles a beetle common upon the determined to sell them if it takes all some person say, "Well f you simpleton -

here greater than the above squash vines in America. I will send in summer.by S. H.Fine Rumph large apples, of Marshallville are shipped, why don't you go to the shade
of this insect to Californiaand and let the trees alone ? You are cultivating -
specimens cents
estimate rather than less. Ga.; retail at 50 peck. Scupper- "
Now, as to comparative profits, our then we can know a little more longs in abundant supply; 10 cents a them to death. Fine theo-

information is limited. The Northern about its classification. quart, 40 cents peck. ry, my friend, but practical experience -
connection with this mat Davis & Robinson report the vegetable don't bear you out. The trees
but
same
farmer makes his living, In
5 to 10 cents
average market dull; egg plants, ;
I would like to call the attentionof I[ have charge of this year are loaded
little more; probably not ten percent ter New York cabbage, 10 to 15 cents; marrow -
clear $250 a year above all expenses.A the authorities to the fruit intro- squashes, slow, 3 cents pound: cowpeas with oranges. What, this dry
of Florida truckers and duced from the Sandwich Islands and 10 cents quart; corn,20 cents dozen; year?" Yes, sir; and no irrigation'

fruit majority clear from three to twenty from Mexico. The bananas shouldbe tomatoes, 10 cents quart. ; celery, 60 cents plant, either; not a drop of water that
growers dozen cucumbers in demand, 20 cents
; not down from the clouds. But
came:
times the above amount! but make carefully examined.We dozen; peppers, 10 cents quart; onions, 50
living. have two parasites which feed sweet potatoes, I[[ did start the cultivating in February
practically no part of their own cents peck, 10 cents quart;
AVe will take the growers of one upon the woolly aphis, and during 0 to oO cents peck; Irish potatoes 35 to and have kept the surface well stirred

whom we are acquainted.One the past few months it has been diffi- 40 cents peck; New York rutabagas, ever since. The leaves did not even
station with
large, 5 cents each; okra, 10 cents quart. and of the fruit
with the help ofa cult to find a specimen of the aphis. curl: though some

well beginning behaved poor horse, netted three I! can ascertain if the parasite-a lady- NEW YORK, July 30. ell off, why, it just had to, for whoever

years in succession $750, $1,600 and bird-is near here or not. I did not Pears-Georgia LeConte pears have : saw such a bloom as we had this

$2,024 in growing strawberries. Another discover it until the month of October been> In light receipt and with a good demand spring? CHARLES F. MAY.

in the same industry, without when I found it in abundance i market has been very firm for Eustis, Fla. .



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610 THE FLORIDA DISPATCH, FARMER FRUIT-GROWER. [AUGUST 4, 1892



of'ioOUll steal a dog cut off a littlb tuft of his hair are kept pretty busy transporting rock Henry Storm personally explainingthe
Young Fo s. and put it in your shoe, the beast will and pebble (for the vessels now load handling of the weed, from the

follow you. If you get a piece ofgirl's a ing for these ports. The Florida time the small seed are put in the
Signs, Warnings, Etc. hair without her knowledge and to that when the highly-
Southern Railway is now carrying an ground
sew it in your coat, she will be crazy
There is a great deal of superstition in after you. In Forks township, people average of about thirty carloads a day flavored Havana delights the.smoker.

the world. There is hardly a family Our en- take three beans and name them after into Punta Gorda, and the roads lead- Our rolling country was also a source
free from taint of it.
young tirely readers have some no doubt heard of three cross old women of the neighborhood ing to the two other ports named are of pleasure to them. They both remarked -
and them into cider to make
many signs and sayings, such as seeingthe vinegar., put perhaps doing as well. Prices are in looking northward from

new moon over the shoulder, don't still low, it is true, but they will be the factory grounds, that it reminded
start any enterprise or on a journey on higher whenever Florida and South them of their beloved old State.
Friday etc. Here are a lot of such
,
tateeWs. deter- These also visited M. L.
Carolina mine-owners unitedly gentlemen
things, which we find in Folk Lore Jour-
nal, but no doubt our young friends can .., mine that they shall be.-Bartow Floyd's packing house, and there saw

tell us of many others. Suppose you do Mr. Hiram Burgess, of Orange Courier. the Cuba carrots put up in bales for
this. Send in all the and -
signs superstitious Her-
the Northern market.-Quincy
sayings you have heard : Park, grafted the Red Astrachan on Through the courtesy of Mr. .Wilson

To tumble down stairs shows that the the haw two years ago and he alreadyhas agent of the Southern Express ald.The

person is to be married; but to fall up apples to cook, with a promise of Company, a reporter of the Floridianwas Winter Haven correspondent of

stairs shows that the wedding will not many more in a few years. enabled to obtain the following the Bartow Courier reports the sale of
take place for a year. To stub the left hundred of land all for
statistics from the records in his officein I several acres ,
foot shows you to be unwelcome; to All the experienced tobacco growerssay
stub the right, the opposite. Dropped that this year's crop will yield the regard to the pear crop: The ship- tomatoes,at prices ranging from $75 to

articles of course show unexpected com- cent of of ments up to July 19, amounted to $125 an acre. He says: "Several par-
pany; a fork shows a woman, a knife, a largest per wrappers any 3,265 barrels. Since then, up to yesterday ties here are having irrigating plants
This is
man; dish-cloth, a slouch. To drop soap ever grown. encouraging, morning, 1,647 barrels have put in. A carload of iron pipe for Mr.
is a sign of death. To spill salt means a and if the crop is properly cured it "
quarrel, but to burn the spilt salt saves will handsomely.-Gadsden Dem- been shipped, making a grand total J. W. Brady arrived Thursday. An
the quarrel. Sneeze before you eat, ocrat.pay shipped by this company alone of 4- astonishing amount of land is being

company before you sleep. For two to 912 barrels ; adding to this about 15 cleared up and prepared for tomato

wipe on the same towel and not twist it The dredge of the drainage compa per cent. shipped by the railroad com planting. It is now estimated that at
is the sign of a "fuss." A spider on you has canal cut from Lake Okee- will be in
ny a pany, will swell the total to 5,6QO barrels least 2,000 acres planted to-
and to brush it off is to
means a present
;
lose the present. The last one whose chobee ten miles south, fifty feet in round numbers. Even at $4 matoes in this vicinity this fall and

name is called by a dying person is the wide, and the water of the lake is per barrel, which is a low estimate, it winter, and the crop is estimated at

next to die. running into it. .This canal relievesthe will bring into Leon county over $20- from 150,00010 200,000 crates' Add {

To dream of falling means a disap- Caloosahatchee river of much wa- 000,which is no mean item in this dull to that the thousands of boxes of other

of pointment pulling teeth in love or; of a a funeral dead ,man death, rain; of; ter, and when completed, there will season.-Floridian.Mr. vegetables, as well as oranges, lemons,

snakes, enemies; of eggs, riches; of eggs be no more overflows to retard settle H. S. Galloway, one of the guavas, pineapples, mangoes, etc.,sent
not to break them, a quarrel; of getting ment.-DeSoto Times. of Lake. out from here, and it will be seen that
married, death; of high and muddy wa- prominent strawberry growers Winter Haven is a pretty busy little
in this of the
innovation
ter, a funeral; of "fruit out of season, One part land, gave us a pleasant call Saturdaylast.
trouble without reason." county is the raising of sheep, but In answer to questions, he gaveus burg.
Of course the condition of the moon is Messrs. G. D. Clifford and Robert the following information in regardto McIntosh has shipped to date 60,000

of great importance in domestic and Taylor have faith to the extent of pur- his own experience in strawberry crates of tomatoes, the prices of which
farm plans. When the moon is increas- hundred and have ranged from $3 50 to $1.25, and
well hence hair should chasing two fortyonewool culture. His patch last season com
ing, things grow ;
then be cut, in order to insure a thick producers, which were shipped prised five acres. The land was low still there is a cry for more, and the

and luxuriant growth. If the hair is : here the latter part of last week, and and was originally wet but had been shipment continues. Tuesday the

cut on the first Friday of the new moon, will be placed on Mr. Clifford's place thoroughly drained. After the land price in the East was $1.50 a crate.
one will never be baldheaded. Corns town.-Eustis Lake During this season Mr. Christian has
north of Region.Mr. had been drained the total cost of pre
should be cut with
a decreasing moon.
"Bread rising" should be made at new E. H. Haywood has complete paring the land, putting in the plants cashed checks received for vegetablesto

moon. When the moon is on its back, for the of and cultivation did not exceed $375 the amount of $50,000, all grown
returns 1,600 pounds Niagara
beans and that around McIntosh, while he estimatesthat
plant corn, vegetables he from his For the five acres. The land having
grow upward. When it points down- grapes shipped young an equal amount came through
fertilizer
been new and quite fertile, no
ward plant radishes, turnips, potatoes, two-acre vineyard southeast of town. private sources. In consequence of
etc., set posts, and spread manure. Juston The checks he received from the was used. The net returns from
received for
this point, a friend who was a seniorin commission men, in the aggregate, berries shipped were $1,600. New the profitable prices vege-
college took exception to my unbelief.He York has been his best market.Bar- tables there is an active demand for
wanted to know why, then, a board paid him 16 cents per pound, or $256 Courier.Dr. lands, of which Mr. Christian has soldto
tow
buried when the moon was on its back for the i,600 pounds. The gatheringand different parties 250 acres,which will
would not remain buried, while one cost of crates must come out of C. A. Catlin and Mr. Lyncoln be cleared and put into vegetables next

buried when it points downward stays this sum, which will reduce it about Snydor, of Richmond, Va., who were Mr. Christian is
spring. now clearing
where put. He assured me that it wasa of Col. H. Curtis few
of from a days
$32, or a net profit $224 two- guests ,
for this while
fact,as he had tried the experiment. twenty acres purpose,
. Shut up pigs for fattening at new moon. year vines. There is big money in since, left our town delighted with his neighbor, Mr. Allen, is adding to

Pick apples at full of moon to prevent growing this grape, and our people everything they saw, especially the to- his acreage forty more, and others will

their rotting. Of course you should must engage in the industry. The bacco interest, both the growing crops not be slow to follow.-Ocala Banner.

turn the money in your pocket when money from it comes in a very good and that in the hands of the manu .
you see the new moon over your right time-midsummer.-Bartow Courier. facturers. They visited the Owl
shoulder. PILLS in the house-
Have DEECIIAM'S ready
Lucky days are respected. Don't be- Messrs. Schmitz and Metting are Cigar Company's immense works, Mr. hold.Brilliant.

gin work or move on Saturday. Boy far advanced with their They
born January! 1st will not die a natural crop.
death. Put ashes into chicken pen to have two immense tobacco barns,
kill lice on Ash Wednesday. Never cut which are now all filled with the finest /

toe nails on Friday. Cut finger nails tobacco you wish to lay your eyes on, j D.pt. H D Y I
Friday and you will have no toothache. all irst class wrappers. These gen-
Cut them on Sunday, you'll be ashamed
tlemen were compelled to rent another S
before Monday. To cut an infant's fin-
ger nails makes him a thief. barn to put their crop in safety, and _- !

To cure warts there are many reme- are as busy as bees from early morn- r ,

dies Sell a wart for a penny. Open a ing until late at night to give their r Durable I IEconomical
wart and put walnut juice on. Take an the attention. A few days
onion, cut it in two, and rub each half crop proper
on the wart; put them together and ago they sent some samples of their !

place them under dripping eaves; as it crop to New York job houses. Their

decays the wart disappears. Tie a soak- samples were the first ones that left
ed grain of corn on the wart, then this Boys wake Diamond Dyes excel all others in Strength, Parity,and Fastness. None other are
Quincy year. up;
throw it away; as it; decays the wart dis "get on deck" and follow the stream. just as good. Beware of imitations,because they are made of cheap and inferior materials

appears. For curing consumption catcha and give poor,weak,crocky colors. To be sure of success use only the DlAMOifD Dm
Schmitz and Metting are in for the
black cat without a single white hair;
a spoonful of blood from its tail will business.Quincy Herald.A for coloring Dresses, Stockings, Yams, Carpets, Feathers, Ribbons, &c, &C. We warrant
surely cure. them to color more goods,*package for package,than any oc. er dyes ever made,tad to give

Cases of vicarious action or of power lively business is now being donein more brilliant and durable colors. Ask for the DIAMOND, and take no other.

gained over a person by possession of phosphate, and shipments are Send postal for Dy Book,Sample Card directions for coloring Photos.,making; the finest Ink or Btafaf
something connected with him are not heavier than at any time for some ((10 cents a quirt), etc. Sold by Druggists. Addrett
uncommon. Thus to kill the first snake months. Large amounts are goingout CO. Burlington Vt.
WELLS RICHARDSON & ,
you meet after a quarrel is to kill your ,
Fernandina Port
enemy. To kill a toad entails bad luck, from Tampaand For Gilding or Bronzing PAINTS Gold, F'.J*!?*"*
your cow will give bloody milk. To Punta Gorda, and the railroads Fancy Articles, USB D'-AMOND Copper. Onl/IOCcaU.








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AUGUST; 4, 1892J) THE FLORIDA DISPATCH, FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.; 81"1



meetings," is a genuine relief, and at the right time will quickly restore gas jet. Stir continually with wire whiskto

Our I\Ulfal ]fiome.A gives time and freedom for much that, her complexion, of which she is justly until prevent it is dissolved the gelatine this method from burning
( answersas
would be otherwise its Before
impossible. proud, to original beauty. well as soaking the gelatine before

CLUB FOR MOTHERS.A Sometimes the children are takento going out in the sun, dust a little pure hand, and is far quicker)); allow this'to

a neighboring house, ten or twelve powder, compound talcom is the best, come to the boil. When you see it boil

Housekeeper's Organization on little tots from one to three years old, over your face. This cools and protects take from the fire, add a large wineglass-
ful of sherry or brandy, according to
Biccayne Bay. and a husband or eldest son volunteersto the skin from tan or freckles.
taste, and stand the saucepan in a warm
Away down on the east coast of oversee those that are able to walk, When you return, if from only an place for. bout five minutes. While you

Florida, 300 miles south of St. Augus in which case, as it draws near closing hour or two's jaunt, rub your face wait wash your jelly bag through clean

tine, is the pretty little settlement of time, one little head after another will briskly with a towel; this bringingthe hot water, without soap or soda, which

Cocoanut Grove. It is situated on the be seen coming, Indian file, along the blood to the surface prevents the and must never be used on the bag; ring dry
keep warm until used. If a newbag
banks of Biscayne Bay, one of the narrow path, all of them bareheadedor formation of freckles. it ought to have been washed in

loveliest sheets of water for winter nearly so, in search of mamma and t moderately warm water and dried once
cruising and fishing that is possible to generally in great glee at having es Why Men Admire "Miss Smith." or twice before to remove the dressing.

conceive of for those who are not caped. Of course there follows a "Miss Smith is always so well put Hang the jelly bag by the four strings
afraid the mails together," said a gentleman the other which are attached to the top betweentwo
to go beyond daily grand baby show. heavy chairs placed back to back,
and telegraph wires, for at present The originator of the club is its day, "it'is quite a pleasure to see her. place a large basin underneath, and have

there are no railroads or steamboats, president Miss\ Flora McFarlane, of If girls only knew how quickly men another basin also in readiness. Pour
noticed untidiness about their the into the As it be-
not even a road connecting us any jelly bag. soon as
wagon New who has
with the outside world-sail boats Jersey, a woman proved dress, and what a disagreeable impres- gins to run through change the basins at
herself in for the
every way capable once, and what has run through returnto
sion lack of in
only, but plenty of those, and good life she intends leading, having home- any neatness woman the bag. Change basins again, let

ones, too, which is very necessary, as steaded a hundred and fifty acres of produces, they would be more carefulin about half a pint run through, return
the nearest market or source of supplyis land which she has looking themselves over after their that to the bag and place a clean basin
Key West miles to the south. government .toilet is completed. Now with Miss underneath; then the result should be
ISO to work to clear and im-
gone bravely clear and brilliant The must
jelly. bag
Smith for instance is
Of course there is a hotel, postoffice, I nothing ever
be covered with cloth and
prove. a kept warm
store and Sunday school building, amiss; her skin, hair, hands, feet and
not shaken. When the jelly has ceasedto
The officers of the club the
which, with the Biscayne Yacht club are dress are all carefully attended to, and drip remove and set to cool.-British

house, the various winter residencesof president, secretary, assistant secre- although she is not strictly pretty, she Baker-and Confectioner.

the northern yachtsmen and the tary, treasurer and caretaker, who has is more attractive to nine men out of t .
entire charge of the club's work- ten than who often Recipes.
pretty little houses of the pineapple a beauty neglects
and cocoanut planters of the basket, giving out the work and collecting essentials and gives all her attentionto BAKED SIIEEPSIiEAD.-Make a. rich

growers each built its materials, such as scissors, what she considers is most become stuffing of cold bread, corn or wheat,
to
keys according owner
thimbles needle books and and hominy or rice, with butter,pepper
patterns her face.
fancy or means and set in the ing to
salt
and to taste. After carefully rinsing
button box after each These
midst of cocoanut, lime, orange, banana meeting. "A woman who is neatly finishedoff the fish, stuff with this dressing and sew

and guava trees, form a most attractive meetings occur every Thursday. after- whose gowns always fit well, whose up or tie carefully, rub well with lard,
picture to which be noon from 3 to 5. hair is invariably well arranged, who cover with dry flour, put in greased
may
At the organizing of the club it can face wind and weather without pan nearly covered with water, bake ina
added the ever changing life of the quick oven, according to size of fish.
bay, the coming and going of the was voted that the time be spent in becoming unkempt, who dispenseswith Make gravy of the drippings in pan.

yachts, the arrival and departure of making useful articles of clothing from superfluous ornament for the sake SALMON SALAD.-Mince a can of sal-

the mailboats and freight schooners.But material either given to the club of having neat shoes and glovesthatis mon very fine. Add a teaspoonful each

if the place is attractive, very (thereupon the president presented a the girl for me, and most men would of butter, pepper, mustard; salt to taste.

much more are the people who have dozen kitchen aprons) or bought with say the same.-San Francisco Argo- Chop and mince very fine six hard boiled
six medium sixed cucumber
helped make it, and this is especiallyso the club's funds, the funds being derived naut. les.eggs,Mix all thoroughly. Garnish pick-with

of the women, whose husbands and from membership dues (which Patches for t Kid Gloves. lemon leaves, and rings of white of egg.

sons are the spongers, wreckers, car- were promptly paid, so that the treasurer A little sugar and vinegar may be added.
penters and boatmen of the reefs, found herself busy at once) or Kid gloves will rip despite our best BOILED SHEEPSHEAD.-Dress, and salt

when not engaged in truck farmingor gifts. That such articles should be efforts to keep them in good condition freely a five-pound sheepshead. Put in
said an exquisite man at the meat kettle of Arnold's Automatic
sold at each meeting, and to members, young
pineapple raising. Steam Cooker with two of cold
the Southern last night. But we haveat cups
It is these and their cluba at cost price. be
to women water. Let it steam until it can
last learned how to mend them.
housekeeper's club-that I wish to' That the money received for the pierced with a fork. Stir or cream two
introduce readers. A woman's first year be spent in the purchase of Instead of sewing up the rent, as for- tablespoonfuls of butter with about same

club my in of the materials and also in suitable and use- merly, we now take a small piece of of flour and mix with the liquor in the
working every sense that it is not too
court plaster or surgeon's plaster (the kettle, first ascertaining
ful articles for a bazaar to be held at
word with ,
an attending membershipof salt for Cover after it is dished
latter is the better), turn the glove gravy.
the annual meeting for the benefit of
twenty and a correspondence mem- with sliced boiled eggs. Any other gar-
the church That resident wrong side out and neatly apply the that be desired
bership of ten, the latter residents of building. niture or seasoning may
members be elected of plaster over the rent or rip, first have be added.
New York Boston San Francisco by means a may
,
Brooklyn, Staten Island and KeyWest.To vote cast with black and white beans; ing drawn the rent part of the glove To COOK FLORIDA STEAL Alain my
nicely together.-Ex. cooker must be brought out. Slice about
members
distant
or correspondence on
most of the women born and
one-fourth of an inch and chop on
brought up on the keys of the reefs or the good faith of the kousekeeper pro. Cure for Earache. each side. Then pound, salt and stack

in Key West, and of English parent- posing them. Bright, newsy lettersare One of the cures for earacheis slices, till ready to fry. Fry very quickly.Put .
many
age-for the majority of the settlers received from the non-resident in cooker with gravy and steam one
to mix well together ten drops of and one-half hours.-Juno Sun.
members and all sorts of giftsin
came originally from the Bahamasthe laudanum, one-half grain sulphate of
the of household articles from
experience of belonging to a socie- way morphia and one-half ounce of glyce
half dozen towels to a bedspread.Harper's TheLast
ty, however simple, for a woman only, a cup rine. A piece of cotton well satu-
was a novelty. "Our club" is now a Bazaar. v
rated with this mixture should be in-
frequent and proud expression among serted in the ear and ''renewed every .A

them, and a member, talking it over Those Freokles. fifteen minutes till the pain ceases.

with her husband, assures him that "Oh, dear," murmured a rose-leaf t J

the "by-laws of her club were as well complexioned girl to me the other An English Reoipe for Lemon Jelly. Drop

_made and just as binding as those concocted I day, "I hate to have to think of my Two quarts of cold water, four ouncesof 1
in the capitol at Tallahassee." complexion when I am having a good best leaf gelatine (fin summer five f}? Is as good as the

And so they are to the faithful time in the summer. It half spoils ounces), one pound of lump sugar, the 'uii14ji.PY first. No dregs.
band of women who gather every everything." And I agreed with her, thin peel of five lemons, juice of six

Thursday afternoon in the little Sun says a writer in the New York Re lemons, the whites and broken shells size of All pure and whole-
from five to six eggs, according to ,
day school building, and join heart corder. Of course, we know the about six inches of stick cinnamon anda some. The most
and hand in helping each other to kisses of the sun are apt to leave few coriander seeds. Put the water, r
enjoy and improve the two hours a strong evidence behind; and a harm- 'gelatine and sugar into a clean basin, popular drink of the day.Hires' *

week rescued from their householdcares. less row very frequently occasions unhappy -I peel the thin, yellow rind of the lemons
into it the rind should not exceed in
For member is all winter. Still the (
nearly every a thoughts thickness good note paper), squeeze the
mother, not of one, but in several girl who will willingly sacrifice the juice of the lemons into the basin, also Beer.

j cases of eight and ten children, withno great benefit to her general health of the cinnamon (broken fine). Beat the

one to assist in the daily and hourly the open air and invigorating sportsfor whites and shells of the eggs up together A perfect thirst quencher.

work attending such a household, so the sake of a smooth white skin with a large wineglassf of cold water, Don't b. decelred If a dealer,for tht lab
then put all the ingredients into a very of larger profit tells torn other kind
that the first rule made and rigidly i deserves to be cried shame upon by clean stewpan or saucepan (enameled b"just U KOOQ"-'ti. faire. No Im1&&dea
enforced, "No babies allowed at the I her entire sisterhood. A few minutes preferred), and stand over a slow fire or I I II u good a tb. t auia.Unto'.



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612' THE FLORIDA,. DISPATCH, FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. [AUGUST 4, 1892 .."'\'
1 .

; ,
THE ORANGE It is commonly accepted as true 4 per cent. of nitrogen and 16 per WEIGHT OF PEEL IN FLORIDA AND CALIFORNIA '

that the planter need concern himself cent. of potash would restore these ORANGES. I

And the Food. duce Required It. to Pro- only about the first four, all the others ,elements to the soil in something like Last year Professor E. W. Hilgard-

being, with rare exceptions, abundantly -I the relative proportions in which the made of California
The latest Bulletin (No. 17)) 6f the an analysis orangesof
in all soils. The rare takes them. About 12.5 pounds
Florida Station the present orange the crop of 1891, which was pub-
gives
Experiment exceptions perhaps sulphuricacid of this fertilizer would be enough for
are ,
results of number of analyses of lished in the Pacific Rural Press of
a
and magnesia. The latter (as the production of 1,000 oranges. The He
-
made the July ii, 1891. analyzed twentytwo
The oranges during contributed past year.by also lime) is always abundantly pres- orange is a large consumer of lime, samples, from which we ex-

oranges were ent in acid phosphate or can be and makes no inconsiderable drafts
Rev. and Mr. H. S. sup- clude three because they were
Lyman Phelps
plied in the form of gypsum or land upon sulphuric acid. Those constituents The
Williams. The bitter-sweet and sour coarse seedlings. average per-
Magnesia is rarely absent should be looked after. And
plaster.
of to the
of
in Lake centage weight peel en-
oranges, as grown City, were .
from fertilizer amounting sometimes there doubtless are soils which would
any in the nineteen
also analyzed, and the following table tire orange samples was
gives the composition of all to 10 per cent or more. Silica respond gratefully to an occasional ap- 26.22. The Florida Experiment Sta-
average needs to be supplied nor do plication of magnesia.In .
the oranges examined: never ; tion (Mr. J. J. Earle) analyzed fifteen,
COMPOSITION. ferric oxide, soda or chlorine; or, i if the following table is a record of from which we also exclude three

oo ocoCD they do, they are always present as the seedlings for the same reason. The
.8 ex)co co to0 CI'=' .N" N. incidental of all fertilizers oftento
e. : : : cxS da ",i I 00 I 8.C'J parts WEIGHT AND SPECIFIC GRAVITYof average percentage of weight of peelin
so great an extent as to be a nui-- the twelve samples was 21.25.The .

sance. The orange draws potash ten oranges from week to week. It .

lO shows the interesting fact that, .
from the soil in far larger quantitythan Mangrove.One -
:
0 is whereas the weight of an con-
other constituent. This orange
any of
of the most interesting our
oU) : : "."... however, precisely that constituent stantly decreases, the specific gravity
C.} cqt-g'I:: t- ca Indian Riveris
d..t + I : which is relatively deficient in popu- increases for a while, then afterwards! natural growths on the

r 9"4 : lar orange fertilizers now on sale in falls oft: This means that for a period the 1.iangrove-Rhizaphora-from

aoa :. Florida. These fertilizers contain after plucking the orange becomes Rhiza a root, and phora to bear.

8: : : .; : : : : : : : .. from i to 2.5 times as much phosphoric more and more compact" then after- The best known species of this genus -

k acid and timesas wards "loosens up, so to speak.
8. : as potash, 2 to 5
. much phosphoric acid as ni. When the first weighings were made is a large tree inhabiting the mud- .

.:: :.. :.. :.. .:. :.. :.. ..: .:. ..: trogen. Whereas, according to our the oranges had been plucked from the dy swamps, close to the sea shore, in

trees three to nine days. The deter- climates.In .
the takes from tropical
Sl analyses
: : : : : orange
: : : : :
.
. minations of specific gravity were madeat
the soil 6 times as much potash the economy of nature the man-
.: .: :. : : : .: : c) intervals of about week until decay -
a ,
.. and 1.6 times as much nitrogenas
.
.
.
most
performs a important part;
.C grove
: . .
o. of the was observed to
acid in of the orange
. . 0 phosphoric ( case
.C) . fresh portions of
annually
:a wresting
California times much have set in. In all cases, except one,

:.._- :.. :. ..: :.. :.. :.. ..: :.. :.. u() potash and orange 3 times, as 4 much nitrogen as ). the initial specific gravity was less than land from the ocean, or tidal over-

.u..H.. ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... a d That'One of these three most important unity. This case is not to be reck- flow, and adding them to the domainof
(1) o> oned as an exception, for the reason
:- : .: ::: : : : : : : constituents of which the orange man. This is effected in a two-

..B k .'.0... (d.) : .. : ... ... removes the least, the one, moreover, that the orange was three weeks from fold manner by the progressive ad-
;
:- : Q 0 cD the tree at the time the determinationwas
which is be
most likely to
: d.f "0 : : : : : present,
:: : : of the roots and the serial
0 O. made. In eight cases the specific vance by
M ] and often actually is present in Florida -
C a :.!:! :
.f.c: :: mo I
O O increased the of its seeds which do
= soil in excessive abundance, gravity gradually during germination not

1 ac. .w O 1 ce oozin namely, phosphate, is the one which first three to six weeks, then declined.In leave their lofty positions till they have

= ..aw: I a.::: a 0:a these fertilizers supply in excess. two cases there was a decline from assumed the form of actual trees, and

the first. In six cases the increase drop into the water, with their roots
Column (a) gives the percentage of FERTILIZER INGREDIENTS BY PERCENT-
reached a maximum of over one. In prepared to take possession of the
the constituents in the fresh AGE.
orangeas all cases there was a constantly in- mud in advance of their parent stems.
a whole; ((6) those in the pure, dry A fertilizer which would return to
loss of If these ten of the
weight. The
creasing progression, by means
the soil the constituents extracted by
ash.Our oranges fairly represent what usually roots, is affected by fresh'roots which
analyses of the ashes give sulphuric the orange, should contain about 2.7
takes place, the matter may be summedup issue from the trunk, at some distance
acid to 6.8 cent. aver- cent. phosphoric acid cent.
3.3 per ; per 4 per
as follows: (i). The specific grav- above the surface of the water, and
age, 4.86 per cent; phosphoric acid, nitrogen, and 16 per cent of potash.
ity of a freshly pulled orange is generally arching down, penetrate the mud,
7.5 to 9.8 cent. 8.6 These remarks have reference to old
per ; average percent
that is it will the
themselves
less than
unity; establishing as pioneers
lime to cent aver- trees. Our analyses of
bearing are
; 13 32 per ;
generally rise to the surface if placedin of fresh invasions of the retiring
age, 22.77 Per cent.; potash, 42 to 59 the orange merely, not of the leaves, distilled The .
rain or water. (2)) element.In
cent. trunk root or twigs. The leaves and
percent; average, 52 per ; mag- ,
of fresh this the after their
specific gravity a orange generally manner plants,
nesia, 3.5 to 6.4 per cent.; average, 5 new growth extract food from the
increases for while as the drying descent from the trees
a
parent continue -
cent. soda 2.8 to cent. soil but this should of
per ; 5.5 per ; by decay
then decreases the their stead-
I -out goes on, during early years to
average, 4.26 per cent leaves and burning ofprunings, be
maximum often exceeding unity; thatis ily advance, till they have obtained a
What various !
proportions of the returned. (In case of burning the
which at first would rise of about fifteen feet and
an orange height gaineda
constituents should an orange fertil-- nitrogen would be lost.)
izer contain? in water will after a few days or a week position considerably in advance of

A FERTILIZER AS IT IS. sink, then later rise. the parent trunks. After this, fewer
Taking our average analyses as a The quantity of an excellent and
basis In making the scale for honors additions are made to the roots, but
a fertilizer which is to restoreto fertilizer recommended to up
the soil the plant food removed by popular and medals, weight is put down at the head expands in every direction,
be applied on old bearing trees
on
its branches all sides.
In view of record it wouldbe spreading on
ten. our
the should be composed as ,
orange pine land is such as would furnish
These branches in their turn send
follows: manifestly unfair to compare the "-
yearly to each tree twenty-two totbirtynine down slender roots like those of
I weights of oranges that had been pulled long, ,
TIRTILIZER INGREDIENTS BY WEIGHT. of available to
. ounces say from the trees different lengths of time. the bayou tree, which rapidly descend .
eo;. o.ro. . . :. nothing of the insoluble, phosphoric
.... ....CQ . from all heights, and reaching the-
"'" . acid; twenty-three to thirty-nine WHEN ORANGES GET SOLIDEST. water penetrate the mud, becoming in

: onoc-mwu ;:!: o. ounces of potash, and 10.5 to eighteenounces We have not room for this table; I time independent trees. Thus a complicated -

Roe ricddoooo of nitrogen. The phosphoric but we will summarize it as follows: I labyrinth is formed.

..C: acid is greatly in excess of what would No specimen when freshly plucked The fruit of the species is edible,.

53: : : : : : : : : seem; to be needed, and the nitrogen had a specific gravity: greater than and its fermented juice made into alight

somewhat; so. one; that is, they would all float in wine. In Borneo a coarse salts

;:. The fertilization of fruit trees is a water. After being kept twenty-eight extracted from the aerial roots. ,
.
., ',
.....)........ .. .. -'.-" subject about which there is little accurate days the Majorca turned the point On Indian River the best illustration -
.
.'# 7 -. knowledge, and greatly needsto sink wonderful of
and became so dense as to ; the of the growth man-

c be studied. The formulas for orange Jaffa in twenty-one days; the Navel intwentyeightj grove is seen in the Jupiter Narrows

.'Q : : : : : : : .: : fertilizers undoubtedly need tobe ; the Tangerine not at all, and on the Hillsborough river.

a :. .: :. .: : :. :. :. revised; the quantity of potash rel- both red and black .
. Columbia county (large) not at all; Columbia The wood of the '
O. ..Q .. .a atively to the other constituents needsto small Maltese is made into :4
."::S Sor ) county( ) twenty one; mangrove walking-canes,
2 :: : : .o f: : I :" be increased.A Blood thirty five; Improved Malta :but nothing of value in any other man-
q'o
a FERTILIZER AS IT SHOULD BE. is obtained from these trees
fourteen; Double Imperial not at all; ner so cfar c-
.C 0 .1
'pd'I ,g' S .s t A fertilizer containing something Indian River not at all; Indian.River as I have heard, in this country.

6: ;3ar:: 3t3 like 2.7 per cent. of phosphoric acid, foundling sixteen. Indian River Advocate. .



-
-. ... .. .
... -''-


4, 1892] THE FLORIDA DISPATCH, FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. 613-


NEW USES FOR BANANAS. beer, it will come into competitionwith and sucks the heart blood from nations larger portion of the branched threads,
the products of the great and without a thought of justice toward from below the surface, shown at e.
Flour Sausages and Beer to be powerful States of the North and them, without a shadow of lasting This scurf is upon the roots above the
! Made of the Fruit Cloth of the West, who are able to stand the rival advantage to herself."-Blackwood's' potatoes, extending sometimes to the
Skin and Ink and Vinegarof ry; while at the same time it will be Magazine. surface of the ground.
the Juice. withdrawn from competition with the 9 1 From the fungus nature of the scurfit
The steamship Athos, of the Atlas fruits of Florida and our semi-tropi. The Scurf of Sweet Potatoes. is natural to suppose that the trouble -
I Line, brought from Jamaica, West cal brethren, which will afford them Last month, in talking with a sweet- may spread from the affected root
perhaps considerable relief.-ED. potato grower of long standing, the to the sprouts, should a scurfy potatobe
Indies, on her last trip to this city information offered that while
was used in the hotbed. It would be a
several barrels of banana meal, which The Kudzu Vine. the "rusty coat" or scurf of the sweet wise precaution to exclude all but
were sent to the Assistant Secretary This is probably the most rapid potato has been known for a long roots that are free from the mold. As
r of Agriculture at Washington. The growing plant in the world. It be- time, it is not until recently that any seems to be true with the scab of Irish
Government is about to forward samples .. longs to the bean family. The leaves one thought much about it. Now, potatoes, so here the chief inducing
of the meal to all large growersof look something like a Lima bean, andit and particularly within the past two condition is the presence in the soil of
bananas in the United States, with was once called Dolichos Japonicus.It years, the buyers are looking closely large quantities of rotting manure.
i a circular pointing out the great future will grow easily sixty feet in three to this matter, and are willing to pay Sweet potatoes, as has been abundantly -_
there may be for this meal, which in months. It was introduced into half a dollar or more per barrel for demonstrated, can be grown profitably .
farinaceous qualities is declared to be America by the Japanese during the the bright roots over those that are without so much manure, and, in
superior to any vegetable. Experi-- Centennial Exhibition. It is said that rusty. Within the past year the differ fact, without any. Commercial fer-
ments have been made for years to i in its own country it has flowers like ence has been greater than this, and tilizers may be used much more ex-
develop the usefulness of the banana. bunches of wisteria. For some rea- in many instances there was no mar- tensively than generally supposed, to
Besides the United States, the Gov- son American summers do not seem ket for those attacked by the scurf, the special advantage of reducing the
ernments of Great Britain and Ger long enough for it. It rarely blooms.It while fair-skinned roots sold at a good, amount of the various forms of rot,
many have interested themselves in is used in Japan as a forage plant. but not a high price. Growers are be- decay, and blights of various sorts.
this new and important industry, the Medicine is made from its roots. ginning to ask of the experiment stations In time it is hoped that some methodof
former with a view of aiding its tropi-- Flour is also made from its roots, what can be done to prevent this treating the hotbed, or the sproutsas
cal colonies, and the latter because it which is as nutritive as that furnishedby trouble, and rusty specimens are sent they are set, or possibly the field
sees in the banana a most nutritious the potato; it is obtained by simply in with the question : If these are plants, may be found that will mate.
sausage for feeding soldiers. I grinding in water, and the starch falls used in the hotbed for sprouts will rially diminish the scurf, the soil rot,
The meal is made from the unripe to the bottom. The peeled stems are they cammunicate the scurf to the and black rot, while at the same time
banana, and. by the process now.discovered made into cloth. The roots grow to next crop? augmenting the profits from the crop.
will keep, it is maintained for an enormous size. The top dies to This scurf, or russetted skin, is Fungus troubles that are located below
it, as long as flour. The producing the ground sometimes, when it seems caused by a vegetable growth, and it ground are among the most difficultto
power of the banana is so great, for- like an herbaceous plant. It is extremely is well to know this before considering reach with a positive remedy, and
ty-four times as great as the potato, valuable for rapidly covering any methods of attempting to pre- precautionary measures are, thus far,
that this new discovery is a most important anything in one season, besides being vent its appearance. The dark moldis most to be depended upon.-American
one with regard to the price of, always interesting to the lover of the a low form of fungus similar to the Agriculturist.We .
that food, in which the poor are most I wonderful, on account of its rapid various kinds that grow upon all sorts think it will be found, as Dr.
interested, for it is confidently ex- growth.Needham'sIonthly.. of organic substances. It consists of Halsted suggests, that this scurf is
pected that the meal will soon lower > < microscopic threads that penetrate the caused by an excess of nitrogenousmanure
the present price of the loaf. The The Drain of Nitrogen.The sweet potato for a short distance, and especially cottonseed meal.
German interest in manufacturing the fertility of a soil may be said to then send branches to the surface. The sweet potato needs little fertilizer
banana into a sausage is also declaredto be practically determined by the The skin of the potato at the place infested except potash. A liberal applicationof
be perfectly feasible. In this case amount it contains in a condition takes on a brown coloration, muriate of potash will generally
the ripe banana is used and charged available for the crops' needs, of certain due partly to the dark color of the produce a good crop of clear, bright
with condensed milk and then put up substances, of which nitrogen is fungus threads, but more particularly tubers.-ED.
in tins. Already some of the largest the most important from several points because the superficial layers of cells ,
canning factories have begun to make of view. In countries like our own, of the potato have been killed, and FOR DYSPEPSIA,
this commodity one of the features of where an exhaustive system of hus- thereby turned brown. The engrav- Indirection BROWN'S, and Stomach IRON BITTERS.disorders. ,take
their business. This bananasausageis bandry has long been practiced, it has ing will)] enable the reader to get a dealers keep it,$1 per bottle. Genuine ha
I'T''lrit and erased red lines
even more nutritious than the meat been found necessary, in order to clearer idea of the scurf fungus. Ata on wrapper.
and is so easily transportable that on maintain a heavy yield of crops to is represented a potato partly coated -NORTH CAROLINA COLLEGE-
' a campaign it will be almost invalua- restore in the form of artificial manures over with the scurf, and at these places ;
SIT. PLEASANT, N. C. {
ble. It has also been learned withouta these fertilizing ingredients. In the where the mold is worst the root has Next Mttioa win becin Sept.1. Cludeal. SclentingaadPhQoeophlealooanee. .
doubt that the banana meal can be past the chief artificial manures which taken on a wrinkled appearance, dueto for Caller. Commercial. Academic Department.Department,Prepantocr fall-
used most successfully and economically have been used for this purpose have the drying out of some of the juicein coarse. Instruction thcroach and practical. Good
I brick baQdincs. Beautiful and bea1thfulloc&tioD. ExMnae -
in the manufacture of beer. been guano, bones, mineral phos- the cells near the surface, or its .I catalogue p rieM oD and of further IS weeD.lafalcWmit addreee 81 60.00.For theiilUK .
So much for the fruit of the banana.It phates and nitrate, of soda. Of these, absorption bv the filaments of the fun- I Pre dnt... Her.J.D. Y.Evidently .
has lately been discovered that the guano has been nearly entirely used gus that has been feeding upon them. i
skin of the fruit is also valuable. Firstof up, and unless new deposits are This tendency to shrink of the affected
all it gives a beautiful fibre from discovered-which seems extremely potatoes, together with the less attract-
which a durable and fine cloth can be unlikely-it will ere long!cease to be ive color are the two chief direct disadvantages -
manufactured. The juice of the skin procurable. The supply of bones has of the scurf. It is, how.
also gives an indelible ink and can be also been largely diminished, although ever, true-that a scurfy potato, having,
fermented into a good! vinegar. there is a certain amount being annually as it has, the skin more or less roughened
The great possibilities of the banana rendered available: for the purpose. and disorganized, is more subject G
have interested some of the shrewdest It is many years ago since Baron to the attack of other forms of
} capitalists of this city, and it is known Liebig wrote: mold, some of which are very rapidin N.Y..believed D.in S. calling Morgan things& Co.,by of their Brockport lightnames
that a company with a large capital "England i is, robbing all other coun- their work of destruction. Thus when they designated the implement
manufactured them for cultbating the soil the
by
will be floated in a few days, having tries of the condition of their fertility. the soft rot fungus may get a footholdin "Spading Harrow." This word 1P'tUnl'( which
for its object the manufacture of the Already, in her eagerness for bones, i the skin of a scurfy potato, while a a was great first deal applied,used y.D in connection Morgan with&Co.the,means word
foregoing products from the banana. she has turned up the battle-field of. smooth, healthy-skinned one might go harrow. You may exhaust Webster and Worcester -
The development that this industrywill Leipsic, of Waterloo and of the Cri : free. At b is shown a highlymagnified been and told.it"still The be true spades that dig"The::up as half well has as pulverize never-'
give to the Southern States and to mea. Already, from catacombs of: view of the surface of a scurfy the ground; but we will not attempt a description
of the work done by this tool a trial of
the West India islands will, it is ex- Sicily she has carried away the skeletons potato, and several projecting filaments it is necessary to convince you of the wonders it
pected, be immense, and it is known of many generations. Annuallyshe of the mold represented. The will Would accomplish yon like to in control the sou.in your Are section you a dealer a novelty
that much land favorable to the moves from the shores of other branching, finer threads of the fungus in the implement line? Then add to your
growth of the banana has been bought countries to her own the manurial : beneath the skin are seen as indis- stock Spading of agricultural Harrow.: Are implements you a farmer the Morgan Would
lately by Americans. equivalent of three millions and a half tinct and irregular lines. One of the you convert your farm into a garden? Then invest
in the Spading Harrow.
The above comes to us from Francis of men, whom she takes from us the free, upright, dark chains of cells is Morgan
J. Geis, Produce Exchange, New means of supporting and squandersdown shown highly magnified at f, with two BETHEL CLASSICAL Ml HMiST
York, inventor of the process. If the her sewers to the sea. Like a younger filaments arising from the .4.0A ADiY
"everlasting imported banana" can be vampire she bangs upon the neck of same base. At d is another chain, Prepare forXtutlaeeeUalTenltlee. andWeet .
PeUt. Catalogue a64rs XaJ.B.
converted into bread, sausages and Europe-nay\\upon the entire world- with less regular cells than at t, and a .A.>JCtiXTTU,Bethel Academy,'Ya.AUGUST h

;
.


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[ THE FARMERS ALLIANCE.T. ; ;




O GlQf Of TE STATE FARTERs<< flltMflflGE{ flflfi> ptiSTtylDt U IOJt \ 1 I II

,....'.'., ...- '
; is the of Wealth." No. 81
I VoL VL "Agriculture Basis

.
Humiliating Indeed. ment, architectural comfort, and luxurious -! they choose to do so, but because teaching pIe which of I think school applies boys and to all school technical girls,
, It is humiliating to the American appointment than in the great they must, there (I think) is slavery. and that is, that they should be led from
people in general, and those of the establishments designed for the entertainment "2. Wherever human beings existin the observation of the commonest factsto
South in particular, when they elect of the American public. such relations that a part, becauseof the general scientific truths. If I
; men to high official positions that they; "Washington is fortunate in possessing the position they occupy and functions were elementary called upon instruction to frame preparatory a course of to
F( should advocate a return to the old< a great number of hotels of they perform, are generally considered agriculture, I am not sure that I should
_ ,State banking system as a remedy for national repute, and not a few are< an inferior class to those who attempt chemistry, or botany, or physi-
the evils that exist; or to hear such] familiar names across the Atlantic. perform other functions, or none, ology as such. It is a method fraught
;a; men advocate the loaning of money; The prices charged by the hostelries there (I think) is slavery. and with attention danger of spending abstractions too much and theo-time
by the United States to the State of the national capital are varied, and 3. Wherever the ownership of ries, on words on and notions, instead of
governments. the man of moderate means can getas soil is so engrossed by a small part of things. The history of a bean,of a grainof
These men must be financial imbe- good fare for a reasonable sum the community that the far larger wheat, of a turnip, of a sheep or a pig,
ciles or insincere. The Democratic) here as in any city of the Union. number are compelled to pay whateverthe or of a cow, properly treated, with the
. party tried the wildcat scheme of State< "There is a constantly growingclass few may see fit to exact for the introduction of the elements of chemis-
try, physiology, and so on, as they come
: banks once, and their experience i is: of patrons, however, who want privilege of occupying and cultivatingthe in,would give all the elementary science
sufficient to compel all sensible men the very best of service, the most earth, there is something very] which is needed for the comprehensionof
1, to avoid its repetition. After having splendidly furnished rooms and dain- like slavery. the processes,of agricutrure in a form
tried a United States currency for tiest cuisine, and who are willing to "4. Wherever opportunity to labor: easily assimilated by the youthful mind,
therefor. A certain is obtained with difficulty, and is so which loathes anything in the shape of
: near thirty years which has been pay any price long words and abstract notions, and
uniform in value in every part of this Western Senator, who has an extra- deficient that the employing class may small blame to it. I am afraid I shall
t country (though purposely crippled commodious suite in a fashionable uptown virtually prescribe their own terms not have helped you very much, but I
', by law), it is not reasonable that the hotel, gives his landlord a check and pay the laborer only such share believe that my suggestions, rough as
. people will ever submit to the substi- every month for $1,800, which is the as they choose of the product, thereis they are Yours, are, in etc.the, nght T.direction.H. HUXLEY.
tute of a currency, the character and cost of lodging and feeding himself, a very strong tendency to slavery. / -+
standing of which must be boundedby wife and one servant. This is the "5. Wherever it is deemed more The Selma (Ala.) Mirror is humor-
, the State lines. In fact, under the highest-priced boarder at the capital, reputable to live without labor than ously inclined. It says: "Farmers,
constitution we could not have them and next to him comes a Middle State by labor, so that 'a gentleman' wouldbe did you ever make a study of the
if we wanted them, nor are the people Congressman, who for himself and rather ashamed of his descent from pumpkin ? Did you ever think of the
( ignorant enough to desire them. The wife expends $1,200 a month at the a blacksmith than from an idler or possibilities for future greatness to the
people have learned something by same hotel. Another pays $1,000 a mere pleasure-seeker, there is a com- man who, by thorougn study Jof: the
i r experience if many of their so-called month for two, and one of the most munity not very far from slavery. attributes of this greatest of pie plants
statesmen have not. Again, it is beyond famous politicians in the country is And6. and the application of scientific principles
t the range of the remotest probability taxed for himself alone$600 monthly." Wherever one human being to its propagation and securingthe
;" that the people will advocate -National Economist. deems it honorable and right to have greatest results as to yield and
l the loaning of money by the United ) other human beings mainly devotedto quality, would take his place proudly
L States to the States, and by the States Horace Greeley on Wage Slavery.In his or her convenience or comfort, among the greatest in the land as the
, to the people. To do so would be the response to an invitation to at- and thus to live, diverting the laborof benefactor of his race, to whom we
essence of folly, because the machinery tend an anti-slavery convention, in these persons from all productive would make obeisance as the great
.
J' would oppress the people too 1845, Horace Greeley wrote the com- or general usefulness to his or her own pumpkin king of Alabama? Take the
,P heavily. Just as well have all the mittee as follows : special uses, while he or she is ren seed and examine it. It is not large,
( newspapars and letters for the people "What is slavery ? You will probably dering or has rendered no corresponding but just allow your mind to take in
: within any State sent to the State answer, 'The legal subjection of service to the cause of human the vastness of the possibilities con-
officials, and by them to the people; one human being to the will and well-being, there exists the spirit tained in that small flat and oblong
or permit the State officials to disbursethe power of another.' But this definition which originated and still sustains seed. Trace it from its bed in the
money appropriated by ,Congress appears to me inaccurate on both human slavery." rich loamy soil as it germinates, sending -
f to build United States court or custom sides-too broad, and at the same > < up its slender tendril, capped with
, houses, deepen rivers, creeks and time; too narrow. It is too broad, in Professor Huxley on Agricultural two lilliputian broad leaves to the
' harbors. What the United States that; it includes the subjection foundedin Education.In sunlight. View it as it makes its way
government can do indirectly it can other necessities, not less stringent the course-of a paper on technical in a sinuous course over the ground,
do directly and at much less expense. than: those imposed by statute. We education before the Easingwold shooting up broad umbrellas to shade
Besides, we will never get any ade- must seek some truer definition."I ([England) Chamber of Agriculture, the infant pumpkin from the sun's
quate, permanent relief till we place understand by slavery, that condition on April loth last, Mr. J. Harrison fierce rays. Watch that infant grow
the volume of our money on the staple in which one human being exists read the following letter from Professor into youth: See its narrow zebra
products of our country and take them mainly as a convenience for other Huxley, which appears also in the stripes of green broaden into full ma-
from the control of designing politi- human beings-in which thetime, the Agricultural Gazette of England : tunty, and then see it turn into the
cians and venal financiers, and adjustit exertions, the faculty of a part of the I am afraid that my opinion upon the rich golden hue of the lull ripe fruit,
so as to produce stability of prices human family are made to subserve, subject of your inquiry is worth very little ready to be stored away for futureuse.
; in staple farm products, as is amply not their own development, physical, ; ,my ignorance of practical agriculture Did you ever think about the
I provided for in the Alliance sub-treas intellectual and moral, but the comfort being profound. However which, there are to similarity there was between the farmer -
some( general principles apply
ury plan.-Southern Mercury. advantage or caprices of others.In all technical training. The first of these, and the pumpkin? Their course
. J [ short, wherever service is rendered I think, is that practice is to be learned through life is subject to the will of
High.Rollers. from one human being to another, on only by practice. The farmer must be their masters. They are both culti.
;t' The following, from the Washington a footing of one-sided and not mutual made by thorough farm work. I believe vated solely and alone at present for
I[ be able to ? fair
account -
'. Post, is published that our read- obligation-where the relation between might of a bean plant give,ami you of the a manner their "pie" producing qualities. They
ers may get some idea of how those the servant and the served is and condition of its growth; but if I were are both gathered in at the proper
live into whose hands the wealth of one not of affection and reciprocal to try and raise a crap of beans, your time and laid away to season, and
the country is rapidly being concen- good offices, but of authority, social club: would probably lough consumedlyat when wanted for the pot, they are
trated ascendancy and over subsistence the result. Nevertheless, I believe and waiting. But continue
: power ready they -
, that your practical people would be all
. "The story of the evolution of the on the one hand, and of necessity the better for the scientific knowledge further. Ask yourself the question -
r modern hotel from the humble andt servility and degredation on the which does not enable msrto grow beans.It : 'Am I like a pumpkin, fit only
' unpretentious inn, or tavern, of our other-there> in my view, is slavery."i. would keep you from ttempting hopeless for pie?'-and then answer it."
fathers, would almost be an epitome Wherever certain human beings experiments, and w uld enable you ,
t r of the progress of the century. Nowhere devote their time and thoughts to take which advantage Dame Natu of the!gives innumerablehints to people Hereford's Acid Phosphate

has there been a more constant mainly to obeying and serving other who live in direct contact with things. 'o common Relieves in the mid-Summer Feeling of LauUude and imparts
advance toward perfection of equip- human beings, and this not because And this leads me to the!general princi- vltalltr..f .




4
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r 1 1AU

AUGUST 4, 1892] THE FLORIDA DISPATCH, FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER.. 615


1 good people will do well to heed WEATHER AND CROPS. and Walton; ) j

the warning contained in the followingfrom ton and
For the Week Ending August 1st, guavas are 11
the Christian Advocate: "It is 1892. :

said that a notorious millionaire, when
1
asked why he did not build a palatial This bulletin is based upon regular reports The fruit

mansion, said: 'I don't want a house from twenty-six correspondents, had a far
that will be so easily found when the representing twenty-three counties of the pected and

{ hungry fellows break loose.' That is State. Data given by local newspaper The Fruit J

the most fearful sentence that we have correspondents from six additional stations their first

heard since the outbreak of the civil representing two additional coun- house, July } (

' war. As certain as the earth continues ties, have also been used.RAINFALL.. tended, and f \

and things go on as they have for were paid as
twenty years, the 'hungry fellows will The rainfall for the State was below lection

break loose.' Nothing hastens it like the normal. Excepting in the north- from deep

mend( great wealth, who buy up legis- western counties of Franklin and Walton and crimson; <<

lators, disregard private rights, live in and the northern portion of DeSofo,which as large as

luxury, and say 'what are we going to report too much rain, the rainfall has ripe to the :

do about it?' 'The public be --,' been insufficient and very badly distrib- blue brown

and about the 'hungry fellows breaking uted. Excessive rains injured cotton and and Kieffer ;

loose.' He who looks and sees no tobacco in Walton and cane in Franklin W. J. D. :

breakers is either blind or has some counties, where also farm work was re View, Ala.,

glass that those who judge the future tarded. Crops generally suffered from not be found
by the past cannot get access to." lack of rain in the counties of Lake, Os- great apple
ceola, Jefferson, Hillsborough, Liberty, were the i
its Wakulla,Polk, DeSoto,:Marion, Putnam,
The Truth (Texas) speaks by red Delawares
Brevard and Sumter, especially cotton in
rjame. It says: "A bushel of corn Jefferson and Liberty; oranges and or- Ives
makes four gallons of whisky, which ange trees in Lake, Osceola, Sumter and pumpkins faiIure.Tallabasseean.'T
retails at $16; of this the farmer gets Polk; potatoes in Polk, Lake and Sum- were plenty.
forty cents, the railroad $i, the United ter; the hay crop in Sumter and Lake; "fruit" ::
in Jefferson and Sumter tobacco
peanuts
; -
States $3, the manufacturer $4, and in Jefferson; rice in Polk; Santa Rosa folks sent
the vendor $7, and the drinkersixtydays reports melons nearly all gone. sweet potatoes -
and the delirium tremens." The weather conditions for the week ures and
were reported as generally favorable for circumference.
Bert Dore, traveling agent for Drew figs and melons in Nassau county ;to potatoes strawberries, j
in Walton and Nassau; to cane in
& Bro. Jacksonville who has been a
black berries.
Lee, Nassau and Walton; to cow peas
resident and is familiar with every in Walton and Lee; to corn in Osceola
section of the orange belt, was at De- and Nassau; rice, mangoes and guavasin On Friday
Land a few days past. Bert in his Lee;to fodder harvesting in Jeffersonand toun
travels, has made particular ;inquiryas Wakulla, and to crops generally model stock
the of the in DeSoto (northern part), Wakulla, Lee, Tallahassee, a .
to prospect present Santa Rosa and Putnam counties. invited
orange crop of the State. The aggre- The precipitation ranged in amount men, :
gate of his observation, with the as- from nothing at Amelia and traces at i magnificent : '
sistance he has obtained in the esti- Green Cove Springs and Orlando, to 8.45 I five acres, and i
inches at Apalachicola. Archer reports tions of his
mate of the places it at
crop, 2,500-
2.59 inches of rain in twenty-four hours, various
000, or a million and a quarter boxes of which 1.60 fell in fifteen minutes. crops
less than last year's crop. He says Reported amounts of measured precipi-- stock yards,

over in the lake section the growersare tation are : Amelia, 0.00; Apalachicola, gregated
offered from $1.25 to $1.40 8.45; Avon Park, 1.76; Archer, 3.33; Co- some gigantic
per ronada Beach, 0.07; Clermont, 0.03; De- nearly a
box on thetree, the buyers offering
Funiak Springs, 1.25; Eustis, 0.17; Green ons, in the
such prices agreeing to make good Cove Springs, trace; Homeland, 0.97; is
advances now upon the crop. Again, Jacksonville, 0.12; Kissimmee, 0.76; Captain
:Mr. S. J. Hodges, an old resident of Myers\ 2.20; Milton, 1.93; Oxford, 1.02; has ever
Ocala, 0.18; Orlando, trace; Pensacola, can assert
this and old
county an orange grower,
1.04; St. Petersburg, 2.15; Tarpon Florida is a
has just returned from a visit to a great Springs, 2.05; Titusville, 0.00.TEJlPERATURE. 7-2S-6mo
many of the orange centers of the .
State, where he has been selecting The temperature for the State was THREE
timber draws about the above normal. The excess at Jacksonville Spading
cypress same ,STYLES. :
was 15 degrees for the week. The MORGAN
conclusion as to the crop as expressed conditions FIVE tS .
temperature were reported as Harr6wSIZES.'t :
by >Ir. Dore.-DeLand Record. beneficial to potatoes in Polk county; to nd.I
crops generally in Nassau, Franklin, cold. The Beat all around Rotary Harrow and Palrericer
MA Ifor Fall plowed land, stubble Vinefarrow
Deafness Can't be Cured DeSoto (northern part), Putnam, Lee, No C.jUMUTard4 Angle of Orchard' Leave no
Walton and Osceola counties, but inju- or ridge. teeth adjustable.: Send
by local application, as they cannot for Catalogue. Mention this Paper. Address
rious, because too high, to young plants
reach the diseased portk n of the ear. in Liberty; to sweet potatoes, peanuts, D. S. MORGAN GO. rDckpDrt,N.Y.
There Is only the"one way to cure oranges, guavas and hay crops in Lake; _
deafness, and that is by constitutional to crops generally in Wakulla, Sumter, NURSERIES OF THE
remedies. Deafness is caused by an PutnamJefferson and Orange counties.

inflamed condition of mucous liningof SUNSHINE. Milwaukee Florida Grange CD.
The sunshine was about the averagefor
Eustachian Tube. When
the this
the State and was beneficial to figs
tube gets inflamed you have a rum- and melons in Nassau county; to crops Selected strains of Choicest Varieties of Citrus Fruit Trees a Specialty.
Budding-Wood for sale at all times.
bling sound or imperfect hearing, and generally in Franklin,DeSoto,Lee,Santa r Our stock is large and complete. PROMPT ATTENTION TO:CORRESPONDENCE.For .
when it is entirely closed, Deafness is Rosa, Putnam and Osceola counties. It Catalogue and Price-List,address
the result and unless the inflamma- was reported as hurtful to crops gener- A. L. DUNCAN Dunedin Fla.
ally in Wakulla, Sumter, DeSoto, Put- Manager, ,
tion can be taken out- and this tube nam, Brevard, Volusia, Lake, Walton,
restored to its normal condition, hear- Orange and Jefferson counties. GENUINE RIPLEY
ing will be destroyed forever; nine I WIND. ,

cases out of ten are caused by catarrh, The wind was principally southerlyand
BLACK and PORTO RICO
which is nothing but an inflamed con. was reported as severe in Lake, JAMAICA
Franklin and Alachua counties and in
dition of the mucous surfaces. the last named
county as damaging corn
We will give One Hundred Dollarsfor pears and fences to some extent. PINEAPPLE SLIPS
of Deafness (caused by
catarrh any)case that we cannot cure by taking Planting potatoes CROPS.continues and sow-' Imported by D. T. Valentine, Kingston, Jamaica. Large

Hall's Catarrh Cure. Send for circu- ing tomato, egg plant and cabbage seeds -. slips for July delivery. Address, .
has commenced in Lee .
lars free. county; pears -, II
and grapes are still being gathered in \ .. JOHN'S. BEACH Agent
F. J. CHENEY &CO., Toledo, O. Santa Rosa and fodder crops in Jeffersonand : ; ; ,
.
,
Sold by druggists Wakulla shipping in Alachua : n P1ec. ,
750. ; pears "...... e1bo'Ur1e, ,


/
1



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,> ..,. .. }''lJr .,, .. '.>IIo '-
; IJ... : .f'7" :.
..."..".. "'" ._ :. .ir


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616 THE FLORIDA DISPATCH, FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. [AUGUST 4, 1892



"CENT-A-WORD" COLUMN.To WRITE NOW for prices on anything in nursery ffLORIDA DISPATCH '
line. I will tithe' supply you or tell .GROWQ 1 One Cotlrell Cylinder
you where to get it. Stock largely increased. G.
insure insertion in this column, advertisements L. TAKER, Glen St. Mary Nurseries, Glen St. t RMER' al. FARMERSAUIANCC
must be accompanied by the money. Mary,Fla. 6-9-tf
Advertisements must not exceed fifty words. .. raJVA1.MM
postage Stamps received in payment. Press
Count every word including name and address
FLORIDA GARDENS. CHAS. W. DaCOSTA, Publisher. ,

SCHRADER has registered Jersey males:and ALSO
cows(or sale. W A YEn Y PAUl
Tallahassee. It TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION:

WANTED-A good second-hand boiler,20 to 40 WINTER AND SUMMER, For One Year ..............................$2.00 ONE WASHINGTON HAND

er;also good large force pump. For Six Months....................... ..... 1.00
State full particulars. B. H. Mats, Leesburg,
Fla. 8-4-t For Profit and Pleasure. Subscriptions in all cases cash in advance.
PRESS
BERKSHIRE PIGS-Registered parents both Hates of Advertising on Application.
few young ones for sale or ex REMITTANCE should be made by Check,
A HAND BOOK ON GARDENING in FLORIDA
change,for same kind for breeding purposes. T.
A.VINCENT' Riverview,Fla. ItRED to Postal order Note ofFLORIDA, Money Order, or Registered Letter, Can be Bought Very Cheap

; CATTLEY GUAVAS $r.oo per bushel, f. t .
.b. C. 8.HOFFMAN, Apopka,Fla. &4.3t FREE! FREEE!! FREE!!! DISPATCH, FARMER AND APPLY TOCHAS.
FRUIT GROWER.

PIGEONS-Bought,sold and exchanged.
FANCY for what you want. Stamp for reply.LLOYD We have bought the entire issue of Jacksonville, Fla. W. DACOSTA,
GRANT, Lady Lake, Fla. 7-28-521

STAWBERRY PLANTS-Clouds, Hoflmans, : Prof. Whitners Gardening in Florida; The World's Fair. Jacksonville, Fla.
Crescents. Strong plants now I
readr. Send for prices. CLA&K LBWXS, Hampton : will mail copy of same to all parties We have received the last issue of
Fla. 7-aS-ijt They are the sweetest
the "World's Columbian ExpositionIllustrated" THE LATEST most complete tone sustaining
FOR SALE-Strong, well rooted Strawberry sending us $2.00-renewals or new durable and perfect -
Nunans and Clouds,and a limited the only authentic organof Music Boxes made
supply of Michel and HofTmans. Will be readyfor subscribers. (warranted in every reINVENTION -
delivery September i Good packing guaran the Great Fair. The object of this IN spect), and any number of
teed. B. H. ALDEN! ,Lawtey, Fla. 7-213m tunes can be obtained for
publication is to give a complete au. them. (Improvements Pat.
BOONE'S EARLY, fine in quality; the earliest Remember you must send us ented in Switzerland and
orange in use. Limited supply of trees. Au- thentic historical record of the Colum- United States.)
rantinm Pomelo. Mr. Clauser, of Longwood, $2.00 to entitle you to this book.C. We manufacture: especially
received returns in February,from Barber&Co., bian Exposition. It contains 32 pagesof SWISSMUSIC for direct family trade,and we
Chicago Common Pomelo, net, $1.20 Auranti-
: ; guarantee our instruments far
um$z.3o. Some fine trees. Also,large Tardiff W. DACOSTA, official proceedings, and will give superior to the Music Boxes
bins on sour._ JAMES MOTT, Orlando Nursery. usually made for the wholesale
7-318W photographicillustrations printed on En- trade and sold by general mer-

PUBLISHER. ameled of all the Exhibits Build chandise,dry goods and music
Seasoned Orange Box IIeads.We paper, stores. Manufacturers: 'foetal
carry more dry lumber than any mill in ings and attractions of the Great Fair. I agency and salesrooms for the
the South and are prepared to fill orders for box celebrated Gem and Concert
heads in large quantities at short notice. Dry THE ALLIANCE CULTIVATOR As a work of Art containing the most Roller Organs; play any tune;
,
Flooring, Ceiling and Siding specialty. TILOuMANWILSON prices, only$6 and'r2. .
Co.,Palatka,Fla. 7.21l2t interesting information, it is invaluableto Old Iusic Boxes carefully

WANTED-PartDt1' with means to develop all who wish to keep with the Repaired and Improved.
in the centre of pine! up H. OAUTSCHI &t' SONS,
apple section. Address HARDXE Baos., Eden, times and learn of the great International BOXES 3Ia nufacturer*.
Indian River, Fla. 7.212t
''r.rN Salesrooms!, 1030 Chestnut St.
En/er nse. Philadelphia
WANTItD-Naptba Launch. Box 5, Dade
_ 7-14"3t It will be published semimonthly

FOR SALE Millet-German, Joe per Mulct pound; Kaffir$2 per Corn bushel soc; early in the fall, making eighteen

per pound; Millo Maize, toe per pound; also field for Price
peas, leading varieties, white seed rice and a copies present year. $4, KIAIEPIANOS.
complete line of garden seeds. P. F. WILSON,
Seedsman, Gainesville,Fla. 7.1-41 postpaid; 25 cents a copy. Subscriptions -

WALL PAPER-Cheaper than any house in taken at this office, where the
state. Samples,prices and Instructions .
free,by mail. T.F. ROBINSON, 15 W. Bay street, paper can be seen, or send 25 cents

Jacksonville, Fla.___3-24-6m for sample copy to UNEQUALLED IN

FLORIDA'S advantages for small investments, Tone,Touch,Workman.h-p |DurabilityBaltimore
Estate Journal" Arcadia, Fla. J. B. CAMPBELL,
$1.00 per year: sample,with state map, 10 cents. ,22 and 24 East Baltimore Street.
324i2mPR Editor and Publisher, New York, 148 Fifth Ave.
< 817 Market
Washington Space
SALE-one second hand Washington 218 La Salle Street, Chicago, Ills.
Press for sale cheap at this office. LEADS ALL OTHERS.

Write for particular mv Imp ouED fiA 1 OW FOR SALE
bushel f.
FOR SALE-Whipporwill pees,per o. ,
.. $2.ooi; Conch peas(limited quantity), per Has adjustable sharpening teeth. C The Worlds Columbian Exposition
pound, post paid, 2oc; Chnfa seed, per pound or would exchange for bearing grove and pay
post paid, 3SC; per peck, f. o. b.. $1.50; pearlmillet CULTIVATORS AND HARROWS FOR Illustrate and the FLORIDA DISPATCH, cash difference Forty acres of rich Pine Ham-
,per pound, post paid, 3SC; four pounds, ONE AND TWO HORSES. FARMER FRUIT-GROWER for mock land. Thirty acres cleared, together with
$1.2S; ten pounds, f.o.b.,$2.00. Send cash with AND one
order. EXCELSIOR SEED FARM, Keuka, Fla. Satisfaction guaranteed. plank causeway, # mile long, with dock and
a-4-tf Prices on application. year, mailed to any address, for $5. ferry I mile from Grahamrille, on Ocklawaha

ORANGE,grapefruit and lemon trees. All the AGENTS WANTED.T. C. W. DACOSTA, River;4 miles from Silver Springs. AddressA.
varieties one and two year buds;
extra fine Tardiffs. Write for what you want to K. GODBEY Publisher FLORIDA DISPATCH, FARMER TREADWEL.L,
J.C BLXTCB,or Tampa Nurseries,Tampa, Fla. ,
6-Ht 7-f4-im XVeajLdo, P'lcs. AND FRUIT-GROWKP Redding Conn.




THE PAINE FERTILIZER COMPANY




OF JACKSONV LE, FLA.,
, w

WHOSE CUSTOMERS ALWAYS SEND TO MARKET EACH SEASON

,Finest Oranges, First Strawberries, First Car-Load Watermelons, and First and Best Vegetables.

That always get the very cream of the high prices, will occupy this space henceforth with an advertisement for their celebrated brands of


Orange. Tree and Vegetable Fertilizers, '


Their Oyster Shell Gas Lime, and their >



Ground Stock Food and Prepared Poultry Food.

For information, analysis,.circulars, price current, etc., describing these articles, address

THE P.AINE iraXRODJXXrSWEXR: CO.,

MANUFACTURERS OF HIGH GRADE COMMERCIAL FERTILIZERS, OFFICE SO WEST BAY sr., JACKSONVILLE, FLA.

All prices will be in view of great rivalry and made to meet tverypoiriblt competitor and should secure your order.. Drop us a line for prices, etc., for fertil

ton and material, mentioning this paper. ,








... .- -. .



.. .. ., .___ __ .. -" -. -- .. -- .. .
.:;, :- ""_' :-; ;r. ... r-- ;:o L' .' -- ;wp11. : ----T._ -..". .
a yA'UQVBT
: :









+ ': 4, 1892] TItEFLOnmA:: DISPATCH, FARMER AND FRUIT GROWL 617JACKSONVILLE

.

t THE -THE-


: TAMPA & FLORIDA I

: S. B. HUBBARD COMPANY

, KEY WEST SYSTEM ,


-D>>- JACKSONVILLE, FLA.


[ EAST COAST LINES, HARDWARE AND STOVES,


Extending Southeast, Booth and Southwest DOORS, SASH, BLINDSP AINTSOILS AND VARNISH.

frog Jacksonville, corer over one
SA.'v MILL: SITPPLI] S.
thousand miles of tropical country, and

reach all prominent winter and fommer Agents We are for State the We_!HaveHORSEWMEs

pleasure resort of Florida: One and Two
HorseBUCKEYE

The East Coast, In stockS .

The Great Lake Region, and 6 feet tread. Tt"tEFlorida -

The 6 foot !Is sult-
The Phosphate Fields, MOWERS, t ___ able for use In Central & Peninsular
2t. WW\rf! jnil0Sr 7'J TJmZ-W X f* &rB3BtMMfMFA
S The Pineapple Fields, complete Moiccrs stock and of\ r ORANGE GROVES. RAILROAD 00.

The Orange GrovesAND Repairs Factory on Prices.hand at Write for Prices. The Florida Trunk blqaTAMPA.

WE CARRY A COMPLETE STOCK OF THE F."MOUS"TEXAS
-AND-
RANGE PLOVV"S," SHORT LINE
The Fruit and Vegetable
It A Full Line of Repairs for Same. .
TO
Sections. Acme Orange Grove and Two-Horse Pulverizing Harrows, theBoy
; la addition to Its lonr-tiubllshed connection -
Dixie Cast Plows, and a full line of Farm and Agricultural Implementsof *with the North by

all descriptions. Agents for the Planet Jr. Horse and Hand Tools sold River Junction, Uv Oak C.n.b..Juk.
THREE THROUGH TRAINS onville and Feroandlna,
c; at factory prices. Send for catalogues. Ha thus reason reopened

.: YU :'fie flamiivilli ill Hoiticilli jfutt.

In connection with the&,7.*W. R. R.:the
The Line AUbamaJMldland and the L.4 N.and the line
TroptoalTrililk leading from Chicago, St.Louis, Kama City
and the North and West.
I
-: These lines are equipped with the latest Through Cars from Cincinnati to
Jacksonville and Tampa.

improved modem appliances fbr the ,.......,..re, Pullman Bletperi. mil M*+
safety and comfort of passengers. ern BaUuay Imprveea.nb.

,
Our patrons call them the The Florida Central 1 Peninsular RR.

FLORIDA. 1* the greatest artery of travel through the
FINEST IN
: flnest part*of Florida traversing twenty-four
counties-Oadsden. Jefferson Duval Alachua
Lake, Leon suwannee Nassau Levy Orange,
Trains Leave Jacksonville via J., Hlllsborough, Waku,la, Columbia, Clay
Marlon. Polk, Manatee Madison,Uaker,Brad
,.
S T. & K. W.: ford.Sumter Hernando and Dc to-In their
richest portion. It runs through the Middle -
8:30 a. n. daily except Sunday; 12:30 p.m. Florida Region of Hill Country where an

S daily; 4:20 p.m. daily except Sunday; the fine old
8:00 pjn. daily except Sunday. Farming Lands Farms and the JV.t. :rHClHe

Arrive 7:30 IUIL, 8:00 EJIL,, 125 p.m., (reached by no other line),some of them con
7:40 ducted on a large scale. Hero are Qulnol.I ,
pjn.Trains PLANET JR. HORSE nOElWITnjLEVER; AND LEVER WHEEL.2SS I. Tallahassee(the capital),Slontlcello. Madison
: and other towns, from whose comfortable
East
Leave Jacksonville via
ample dwellings reposing in a fertile country -
Coast Lines: .Is 1 coming a renewed energy to employ
IRRIGATING MACHINERY the resource lavished about them. Stretch-

8:25 ajn. daily 1:00 pjn. daily, except ing down through
Sunday; 4:05: pm. daily. BOTH STEAM, HORSE AND HAND POWER. :The Peaeh Country
of Baker, Bradford Alachua and Levy counties -
Arrive 9:30: a.m.,12.25 pjiL, 6:40: pjn. Carry a stock of Steam Pumps, Boilers through the prosperous
Strawberry Farms
INDIAN RIVER STEAMERS LEAVE Wrought and Galvanized Pipe, Valves. of Lawtey Btarke and Waldo, perhaps m-
perlor in profit to the orange grove-l goes
TITUSVILLEFor furnished
Hose Etc. Estimates
f Fittings, through the heart of the State, penetrating

Melbourne daily except Sunday, i : for Plants put in complete and guaranteed some of the finest groves,one having
70,000 full-bearing Orange Trees,
5HX a.m., 3:45: pjn.; Kockledge, 9:00: ajn,
Arrive Melbourne 1:00 satisfactory. Hand Spraying passing for nearly a mile between them-
7:00 pjn. p.m., making Its way southward to the Gulf and to
12 midnight Returning,leave Melbourne Pumps of every description. Send for the more tropical portions of the State.: la
"1:20 p.m., 12:30 a.m.; Rockledge 4:50 pm., all portion of the State it reaches point of
of How and When to Spray.
8:00: a.m. Arrive Titusville 8:00: p.m., +I Catalogue Bcenle Interest.

12 noon. Nozzles, Pipe, etc., made to order in our Wakulla Spring in the West the Buwan-
.' nee River as beautiful and romantic as I It f.
Leave Kockledge for Jupiter daily ex- machine shop. famous Silver Springs, in the lake region,
.
arrive following and the lakes tnemsalves, with their surroundings -
cept Sunday 8:30 a.m., Jupiter of rolling land interspersed with
I day 3:30 am Returning, leave pleasant homes In green groves sloping down
Jupiter day. except Sunday 9:30 ami to the clear lake fronts. By mean of thl

i Arrive Rockl age following day,3:30 a.m' road yon Hunting can most and readily Fishing reach Oronmls.the

Steamer "ST.AUGUSTINE" Leaves The settler will find on the line of this road
a greater opportunity for a varied selection
ORMOND 15 0 of land than on any other road In the State-
i from lightest soils to those underlaid with
: &00 ajn.Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays clay and marl and of richest hummock
for Eockledge and landings. whether for regular mixed farming,stock or
way dairy farming,peach or strawberry culture
,
Kockledge M S
Returning, }leaves 8:00 a.m. ; orange groves and vegetable gardens.The .
Mondays, Wednesdays and:Fridays. tourist will be gratified with Its scenery.
-s The health-seeker on its ample route can find
Connections are made at Jupiter with some spot adapted to his want On the hard
Middle FlorHU" the horsemanwill
:. trains of J. &: L.W. Railway for all points roadswith speed and satisfaction,and the

on Lake Worth. Florida Central and Peninsular 1*the
Sportsman's lloute.NOTE. .
For schedules, maps, etc., can on local .-Passenger* from Northern connections
the General having tickets over the Florida Central
address PassengerAgent
agents or and Peninsular to points In South Florida
.t have the privilege of being taken Into Jacksonville -
-r. AGENTS FOR over the Company* line and allowed
'... B. B. CABLE W. L. CBA.WYOBD. I O' ES' STEAJM: PUJMPS. a stop-over within the going limit of the
ticket with return to thelAroute for destination
General U&nafer Supt.Eut Coast Line,
free of extra charge Send for map of
J.,T.Jt K.W.System. Bt.. Atifustint V la. All Letters Answered the Day they are Received. Florida,mailed free.A. .
G. D. ACKERLY. .O. 01X ELL.O.P.AJacksonville..
THE S. B. HUBBARD COMPANYJACKSONVILLE ,71 a.
1 ,S Ctaitral Fasstnjrtr Ag.ns. N.I M.PBNNIHOTON. Traffic Manager.
.t Jaaboa11Ue.J'Ia. J>. &MJLXW1LL, General Maq9'c
FLA.





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618 THE FLORIDA DISPATCH, FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. [AUGUST 4, 1892




BELLEVIEW MINING GO.'S SOFT PHOSPHATE AND COMPLETE FERTILIZER. j




o. it.Phosphoric BRAND, COMPLETE FOR ORANGE TREES .AND EAPPLEZ9. 0 j

.,
ANALYSIS : .
,.. : .
J ;
,
'k.".
; ANALYSIS ..
:
." .:-. '
.. :
'r Potash..6 to 7 per cent. | Ammonia..................,.3 to 4 per cent. I Phosphoric Add..S to 6 per cent. .. : .

.,.
Price, per ton, O. K Brand, F. O. B. Cars, Belle"Vte, III III $ 2.00

Pr.1oe, per ton, F'raiit anti vine, F. O. !B. Cars, ]Belle"Vte, III $: x.OO 'rr ."" "-.

"* '
S This Company also offer their Burnt and Ground Soft Phosphate. The analysis of our Soft Phosphate, given by. Serge Malyvan, of Ocala; is : *t ,

Insoluble Silicate..........................18.761 Phosphoric Add...........:.............0.0.17.70 I Oxide of Iron.--................ .74 I Magnesia an Soda .....'.........-... ....... 6.ss ;
Carbonate Lime............................ 4.561 Equivalent to Bone Phosphate Lime.........39.001 I Aluminum ..... .............................. 2.071 I Moisture................................::.... 6.59

'. He says that, after analyzing samples of Soft Phosphate from different mines in the State, the only soluble Soft Phosphate is contained in an area'of about
tiz miles about Belleview-

The above mentioned complete Fertilizer 25 per cent. cheaper than any sold in Florida:. of.same grade, and is what orange growers need.
I

TESTIMONIALS I

.. that fertilized with cotton seed. Thinking this two more cars of Soft Phosphate. I have used been brought into the State and I would warmly 'I
More About Soft Phosphate. estimate may have been a little high I put it as seventy-five tons of this Phosphate and have recommend its use to the orange growers in the
The following in regard to soft phosphate is above but I am free to admit that he is a better noticed with much interest its effect on my orange State. Yours. truly,
taken from the Gainesville Sun: judge of such matters than I am." trees. The first car load I applied to something D. GRXXIYLXAJT.'
That soft phosphate is rapidly gaining favor J. T. Smith, writing from Levy county,says: "I over five hundred trees,and the results have been
with the fruit and vegetable growers there is no put soft phosphate on sixteen rows of corn: last simply marvelous. The adjoining.five hundred -
tort of doubt. Those who have given it a test unhesitatingly springinaboutafouracrefieldofcornonaboutanaverage trees received no fertilizing and the difference
speak of it in the most complimentary quality of the land. I broadcasted the between the two fields is something wonderful. CEDAR KEYS FLA.,Dec.2f,lgl.
terms. Mr. George Saxon, writing from soft phosphate over the land,after breaking it up On one side every tree has started with a vigorous C. B. Smith, President Belleview Mining Company .
Tallahassee says: well at about two tons per acre. Then I harrowed growth. The finest foliage that I have ever seen : ,
The soft phosphate referred to in the granulated this in. I did not measure the yield only in a grove. The trees which received no appli DEAR SIR-Yours of 17th received. It gives
article, containing the elements! of ground bone in my cart as I gathered it. I got as much corn cation have just commenced to start up. Mr. Me me pleasure to state that I have used nothing but
and cent of lime bone sixteen had soft Master of the firm of McMaster& of San
50 per phosphate ( phosfrom the rows that phosphate on Miller the Belleview Soft Phosphate on my grove the
phate)crude as it comes from the mine. This it as I did from the next thirty rows. The corn Mateo,visited my grove a few days since and expressed past year,End I have been more than satisfied
sort phosphate was put upon cotton last year did not dry:up any for want of rain as the rest of himself as being very much astonished with the results. The trees are looking as well
alongside cotton seed as fertilizers and the result the crop did. I am well pleased and will use it at the growth of the trees where the soft phos as they have ever looked-even when I used expensive
wa fully or more than dO blel in yield of this year on all my crops. phate had been applied. If you will remember fertilizers. Many persons have heard of
cotton over tie cotton seed, it gave four the first shipment of Phosphate was made less experiment, and phosphate has advanced .
times the yield over the same land without any than sixty days since,and until the last few days my : in their estimation.your .
fertilizer. Kev.T. W Moore.ofIeesburglooked JACKSONVILLE, FLA.,June 12. 1891. we have had very little rain. Very truly yours,
at this crop while in full fruitage and he said that C. B. SMITH, President Belleview Phosphate Co., I am fully convinced that one ton of the Belle- REv F. &. HOLMAK
at that time that the cotton fertilized by this soft Jacksonville Florida: view Soft Phosphate has a greater value as a plant
phosphate had three times more fruit on it than DEAR SIR-Enclosed please find my order for food than a ton of any Fertilizer that has ever

We offer this Phosphate at prices so low that it is in reach of every orange grower and gardener. Prices, F. O. B. cars at Belleview, Florida :
Per ton; UX1d.rJ.ed:1X1: Bu.11x III III III e G.OO ".

Per ton, Dried, irx Bulb, III III III III III $e.00

Per 102:1: Burnt: ;, Ground and Saolle, III III III 88.00

Put up in 200-pound sacks. Orders for less than one ton, 50 cents per ton extra. Terms, cash with order. Send orders, and apply for further particulars,

testimonials, freights, etc., to t

C. B. SMITH. President. and General Manaaer.. Jacksomzille Fla. j
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......

DAOOSTAF } NEW DISCOVERY ACCIDENT

In compounding a solution a part was accidently spilled on the hand
and on washing afterward it was discovered that the hair wu completely *
removed. We at once put this wonderful preparation on the
market and so great has been the demand that we are now Introducing
,, fi: it throughout the world under the name of Queen's Antl-ll lrine,
Printing E Publishing HouseJ7 :? -'!! IT IS PERFECTLY HARMLESS AND
.
,, : .:, SO SIMPLE ANY CHILD CAN USE IT.
.."= ...' Lay the hatr beer and apply the mixture for a few minutes, and the
5t.0 = i fiii! I hair disappears as if by magic without theLADIES slightest pain or Injurybeen when
=\ ILLE FLT-T : ,:?li.;: -.- applied or ever afterward. It is unlike any other preparation ever used
., ':f.:. =--fitfi, for a like purpose. Thousands of who have annoyed
.-:,-=: !!:= ;( with hair on their FA CE NECK and ARMS attest its merits.GKNTLK3IKN .
TURNS OUT THE BEST STYLE OF PRINTINGAT ._' :- '- r__ who do not appreciate beard or hair on their neck: ,
.:- find a priceless boon In Queen's Anti-Ilairlnewhich does away
with Shaving: by rendering, Its future growth an utter Impossibility.
THE LOWEST RATES. Price of Queen's Antl-TIairine$t.per bottle, cent In safety mailing boxes.postage paid by us(securely
sealed from observation). Send money or stamps by letter with full address written plainly. Correspondence
strictly confidential. This advertisement is honest and straight forward in every word It
contains. We invite yon to deal with us and yon will find everything as represented. Cut this out and
lend to-day. Address QUEEN CHEMICAL CO., 174 Race Street, CINCINNATI You can
register your letter at any Pont Office to insure its safe delivtry. We will pay S30O for any eas.
of failure or slightest injury to any purchaser. Every bottle guaranteed.
S PEA''a -To ladles who Introduce and cell among their friends 20 Bottle of Qne ns AJiU-Babta1..
L we will prevent with a BILK DRESS.16:yard beat silk. Extra Large
r ; 37see of silk to select from tent with order. Good Salary or Commission to A..111& a

.
DEAFNESS STATE BANK OF FLORIDA

,
-; ITS CAUSES AND CURE, "NOT INCORPORATED."

I I Scientifically treated by an aurist of worldwide JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA.
reputation. Deafness eradicated and entirely
_
cured, of from 20 to 30 years' standing, after all Capital $30,000.00
if other treatments have tailed. How the difficulty ,
: is reached and the cause removed, fully explained
: in circulars, with affidavits and testimonials REPAIR your old family Bibles; make them at
of cures from prominent people mailed \ good as new. DaCosta Printing and Fab-

.. .,,, free. shing House,Jacksonville,Fla.
I Dr. A. :} ONT AINE, 19 East 14th St., N. Y.

M

.1 t f: j $5 to wIt P.: a.Utaat

LIGHTNINQ PLATERaedplatiagje.etrywatgbe. ". ,
-
F UbtewM, Ae. Plata tbfinert .
of Jewelry good M
sew..a aU klndi of metal
with fold direr or nickel.V .
-
.izpertone. lie epiul.
Every boat hM rood o e4Un.JI.E.DELM -
1 z ins ladD" toegenuS. .
.Wrtterordree- 4

The Manufacture of Blank Booksa 0.,Colambu'0.>* 4:.


9fin' ACRES OF CHEAPLY IRRIGATED Clark's Cutaway
Specialty.SEND TRUCKING LAND without expensive
machinery or even artesian wells. A black soil, HARROWS AND CULTIVATORS.
FOR PRICES. several feet in depth level as a floor, free from I keep in stock seven style,cutting in width:
timber,which can be flooded by the closing of a from two((2)) to sir ((6) feet, at prices from$11.. .*
gate at the mouth of the ditch draining the glade. to$31.00. Send for catalogue.HUBBARD .
CHAS. W. DACOSTA, Proprietor. For particulars address Gro. W.. HASTIKG ,In. E. s. Gen.State Agent
terlachcn,Fla. Federal Pout J1a.frv .

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4, 1892] THE FLORIDA DISPATCH, FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. 619 .; J";

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Clyde Steamship Co. PATRONIZE A HOME ENTERPRISE. .



/ NEW YORK EHBHliESTOH LINES.
niPqiDfl MERCHANTS' STEAMSHIP CO. OF FLORIDA.


The magnificent Steamships of this Line are appointed ..

to sail as follows, calling at Charleston, S. C.,

Both ways : '

(STAJfDARD TIME.)
From New York. From Jacksonville,
(Pier 29,B. R.) STEAMER Florida.

Friday July 29th at 3 P. K.......ALGONQUIN,".......Thursday Aug. 4th at IOOP.M' v
Tuesday. Aug. .zdat 3 P.x..SEMINOI.It..Sunday. Aug. 7that 2:30 p. stFriday
Aug. 5th,at 3 P. M........CHEROKEE,"..... Thursday,Aug. nth,at 6JOA.K
Monday. Aug. 8th, at 3 P. K..... "YEMASSEE," ........Sunday, Aug. 14th,at 9:30 A. MWednesday
,Aug. loth, at 3 P.K.......ALGONQUIN,"......;Tuesday Aug. :6th at nw A. M
Friday, Aug. lath,at 3 P. 14........SEMINOLE," .......Thursday, Aug. 18th,at 1230 p. MMonday
Aug. 15th,at 3 P..M...... ."IROQUOIS.". .. :. .. Sunday Aug. 21St, at 4:00 A. K
t Wednesday,Aug. 17th,at 3 P. M........"CHEROKEE. ,"........Tuesday, Aug. 23d,at 5:00A.M 1. .v..w..y. y
Friday Aug. 19th,at 3 P.M... ... "YEMASSEE".... Thursday Aug.25th,at 6:30A.M
J.ondayAug.. azd, at 3 P. M......."ALGONQUIN,".... ....Sunday, Aug.28th,at 8:30 A.M'WedneslayAug. t
24th,at 3 p. M... .....''SEMINOLE,".........Tuesday, Aug.3<>th, at 10:00: A. M
4 Friday Aug. 26th, at 3 P.M.........IROQUOIS," ......Thursdity.Sept. Ist.atn:30A.K
Monday, Aug. 29th at 3 P. M........CHEROKEE,"...... Sunday, Sept. 4th,at 2.OOP.K
Wednesday,Aug. 31st. at 3 t. M........"YEMASSEE," ........Tuesday, Sept. 6th,at 4: O A. M:
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ST. JOHNS RIVER LINE. Steamer: JoluoL GrIS Christopher


f For Sanford. Enterprise and Intermediate Points on APPOINTED TO SAIL
FROJI NEW YORK. FROM< JACKSONVILLE. -
the St. Johns Riyer.
FRIDAYS A. M.
SATURDAYS-3 P. M. .
July 30 August 13 and 27 September 10 and 24, July 22,August 5 and 19.September 2, 16 and 30
Steamer "E'V'ergla.de" October 8 and 22, November 5 and 19. October 14 and 28,November 1 1 and 25.
This steamship has been built especially for tarrying Fruit and Vegetables, and is
Leaves.Jacksonville, Tuesdays and Saturdays at 5 p. M;returning leaves Sanford Mondays and perfectly ventilated.; Time between Jacksonville and New fork 72 hours .
Thursdays,at 6 A. M.;Enterprise 6:30 A.M.
W. H. CHRISTOPHER, W. A. SOMERVILLE, JNO. G. CHRISTOPHER

Steamer 'VelaJ a" Agent,Jacksonville. Agent, New York, Gen'll\lan'r,Jacksonville.
a Office 154 Maiden Lane.
Leaves Jacksonville Mondays and Thursdays, at 5 P. M.; returning, leaves Sanford, Wednesdaysand I
Saturdays,at 6 A. M.;Enterprise 6:30 A. M.
SAVANNAH LINE.Time
General Passenger and Ticket Office, 88 West Bay St., Jacksonville. .

JOHN L. HOWARD, Florida Freight Agent foot Laura Street,Jacksonville Fla.
t F. M. IRONMONGER Jr,, Florida Passenger Agent 88 West Bay St.,Jacksonville Fla. 53 to 55 hours between Savannah, New York and Philadelphia, and
MARSHALL H. CLYDE, Assistant Traffic Manager 5 Bowling Green, New York.
W. F. OGDEN FAY, Traveling Passenger Agent,5 Bowling Green,New York. between Boston and Savannah, 65 to 70 hours. .
THEO. G. EGER, Traffic Manager 5 Bowling Green New York.J. .
A. LESLIE, Superintendent Laura Street,Jacksonville Fla.

WM. P. CLYDE & CO. Gen'l
f Agents, OCEAN STEAMSHIP COMPANY.

19: South Delaware Avenue, Philadelphia. S Bowling Green, New York.
i

PaseEa g a 1 cito..t
ESTABLISHED 18'Z CS.
Between Jacksonville and New York: First-class, $25.60; Intermediate $19.00; Excursion $43.30
Steerage,$12.50.

WILLIAM A. FOURS & CO. Jacksonville and Boston: Cabin, $27.00; Intermediate $21.00 Excursion $47.30; Steerage, $14.25 .
The magnificent Steamships of this Company are appointed to sail as follows: 1

WHOLESALE FROM SAVANNAH TO NEW YORK.

[Central or 90Meridian Time.] ::1

Grain Garden Seeds and Fertilizers Sacoochee ,August ist, 12.00 m.
City of Birmingham........Wednesday August 3d, r.3op.m
City of Augusta.....................Friday August 5th 3.00 p.m
Tallahassee..Saturday,August 6th, "00 p.m 1
80 WEST BAY STREET, JACKSONVILLE, FLA. Kansas ............................Monday,August 8th, 5.30 p.m j
Chattahoochee .................Wednesday,August xoth, 7.00 p.m "
I HANDLE ONLY THE BEST AND MOST RELIABLE SEEDS. A COMPLETE STOCK. Vacoochee.....k...............Friday,August I2th, 8.00 a.m .,
City of .. ,August I3th 9.00 a.m ,
City Augusta ..........Monday,August 15th, 11.00 a.mTallahassee .
Hay Corn Oats Flour Bran Wheat Grits Meal ,August iTth 1.30 p.m ,
Kansas .......Friday,August 19th, j- opjn
Chattahoochee .............Saturday,August 2oth ..co pjnSacoochee 1
COTTON SEED MEAL Both Bright and Dark. ............... .....Monday,August 22d, 6.00 p.m
City of Birmingham.....;..........................Wednesday, August 24th, 6.30 p.m j J
CIty of Augusta... ............,.....Friday August 26th, 8.00 a.m 1 1Tallaha8ltee.
STATE AGENT FOR .....Saturday,August 27th, 0.00 ajm ''tf
PURE GROUND BONE, Kansas City..........-.Monday,August 29th 10.00 a-ta "
J. E. Tygert&Co.'sStar Chattahoochee .........Wednesday,August 31St, 12.00 m.
NITRATE SODA FROM SAVANNAH TO BOSTON. '

Brand Fertilizers, POTASH Gate City....... August 4th 2.00 p.m ;
OUJULANTKXD ANALYSIS, MURIATE OF CIty of Macon ...........Thursday August nth, 7,00 a.m ,
", Gate City.........................................._...............Thursday,August 18th, :2.00 p.mCity
Comprising WCIC .. SULPHATE POTASH of Macon..................Thursday,August 25th 7.30 a.m

Orange Tree and Vegetable ,, FROM SAVANNAH TO PHILADELPHIA.This .
KAINIT Etc,
FERTILIZER. ( Ship does NOT Carry Passengers.)

The Fertilizer have no superior in the market and a trial will convince. 3egsong.,....Sunday July jist 10.00 a.m
De880ug[ .Wednesday August loth, 6.JO p.m
88ouK.>........Saturday August aotb, 4.oop.m
GREAT OFFER Vtn' Y' UPRIGHT PIANOS. Dessoug .....Tuesday,August 3oth, 10.30 a.m

Panel FINEST FACTORY THESE PALACE STEAMERS,

IN UNITED STATES.
Organs, Connecting with the Savannah Florida and Western Railway (Waycross Short Line), offer to the
$35. Always ready for QUICK SHIPMENTS of Finest Traveling Public and Shippers advantages equalled by no other line.
01t trial lE Pianos and Organs Direct to Your Homes. Through Ticket and Bills of Lading issued to principal points North, East and Northwest via
I your horn* Savannah. For information and rooms apply to
Ixfora From REV.JAS.M.POTTS D.D. editor tf Mich B. R. PRICE Soliciting Agent, W.,11. LUCAS Fla.Pass.Agent,
'or
Dr igan Christian Advocate Detroit.Micn.: "To say that 77 West Bay Street,Jacksonville.: 77 West Bay Street,Jacksonville
AddxeM we are delighted with the Piano does not express R.I,. WALKER,Agent C. G.ANDERSON
_
the fact. We are jubilant. If all your instruments New Pier No.35 North River New York. City Exchange Building Agent.Ca.
ft I
Xh*T,fhroger ft Son Pianos Organ* are as fine in appearance and as pleasing in tone as RICHARDSON & BARNARD.Agents,Lewis' Wharf,Boston.W. .
BEAVER FALLS PA this one,your patrons will rise by the hundred." L JAMES.Agent, it S.Third Street, Philadelphia.J. .
} From PROF. E. H. PECK Valhennoso Stfcefcasing ngs, Ala.: "We could not be pleased better with II ASH AG EN,Eastern Agent, Sav., Fla. &Western Ry. Co.,261 Broadway.N.Y.
or tone;quick in response and meloaIous. In short we are highly pleased with the organ." A.DeW.SAMPSON General Agent W.E.ARNOLD Gen.Tray. Pass. Agt.,Jacksonville,Fki.
From B. D. GRIGGS,Adalrsville,Ga.: "I am well pleased with the organ in every respect. It is 306 Washington St., Boston. W. H. RHETT General Agent .
all you claim it to be." For Tickets apply to S., F.& W.Railway office. 317 Broadway,New York.
From Y. M. C. A., per J. G.COOLEY Hfllsboro.IN. C.: "The organ gives entire satisfaction.
Every one who has seen it is very much pleased with the instrument and the price on the same."
From BEN. P. STEELS, Prescot Ark.: family well pleased with the
"My every respect O you need stationery of any k.Ind-paper"
organ. How you sell them so cheap Is s D pens and ink? If so,send to Da Costa Priming ALE SICKLY
and Publishing House Jacksonville: Fla


INGQUTFiTSDERFECTION ., "ll[OONG tlII[

t S.r8A'2 .. lale..d .. eq.d. U.r I'erfeeU..++d WELL SUPPIIESr;,, ?.g;:;
.t..p.sUt Wuy.id..N..ti..il7..4 will pr y lee Tr...Pr Ilan j Gq,WJ.IdBtawraid',. robin anrnoct Ittelr
ta.uw.g..Sal o..raeU]Tu Uek a aid for UttM
....... pn y.r.. u.Y.r..r.l'M TheAmerictnWellWorlM.Auroft.UUXlXjS.CAiux.ST.CHlCAGOtILL. WORMS'8 =r :=
.so.a pcq aenIe Ia&M WWS4.At. a a-.. .1 w.n.. y .
o., w t.rl.Ona ud.......hrp&e at.M*.&s pc-.. $he."rt. I .. .. BeeDI07eantD1iM&.D4n aaa .. .
V.,..,waJr..n.c..v.raLII1'8IKS] > 'ool..JlrtaW.A.; .T. ELM STaxar DALLAS TEXAS.y **N.w. lath &&Ua41.A1t1W..,.B.L antdlq

)


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;':'1AUGUST -
I .

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rttflV THE FLOtUDA DISPATCH. FARMED AM FRET GROWE1t. _. .. r.AUGtfST: 4', 182



-FE1lTILlZEl1S. *- FER TILlZEllS.)



Blood and Bono, I Chioago Bono Meal,

Pu.re: FJ.n.e Ground Bone, Dark and Bright: Cotton Seecl. Meal,.

Animal Bone and Po-tash: Tobacco Stems: :: ,

.- Blood, Bone and Potash, Canada :Hard Wood Ashes,

Pulverized Animal Bones Su1phate: of Potash., &.0.


FRUIT AND VINE, BEARING TREES,

ORANGE TREE FOOD,, YOUNG TREES,

VEGETABLE: AND POTATO: GROWER.,

WILSON 50 West Street Jacksonville .
GKECX E. Bay Fla
_n________ ___ ________ __ ,
.
JOHN L. MARVIN, J. P. TALIAFERRO, YOU CAIN SAVS: : :I\l.IONEY
President. Vice-President..
H; T. BAVA,. THOS. W. CONRAD, .
Cashier. Assistant Cashier. By Buying the FERTILIZERS that are Manufactured tfy the OtD": ESTABLISHED

'. CflPITflli $100,000. and RELIABLE FIRM The-
i

THE MERCHANTS'' NATIONAL' BANK, :L. B.-DARLING FERTILIZER CO..


JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA,

.espeetfully solicits-your Deposits, Collections and General OF PAWTUCkET, R. I.,

..- ., '
Business.CORRESPONDENCE ;
Banking
: These-FERTILIZERS are made especially for the. '' "
.
-

f;:..' : INVITED.. :1' : Orange;, Vegetable, and Pineapple, Growers- Fldritlat) >:;7


I Southern om e and Warehouse!: Jacksonville, Florida. .
i.. DIRECTORS IJohn I i i

L. Marvin, A. B. Campbell, Chas. Marvin, O. B
Jas. P. Tallaferro, T. W. Roby, Judge R. B.Archibald, s WEEKS State Agent,
W. B. Clarkson, C. B. Rogers, W. M. Davidson,
Dr. H. Robinson. John'E. Hartridgre. No. 8 Bostwick Block.

,, TO ALL BUYERS
a OF Catalogue describing" ouT Fertilfzers, with prices and testimonials, sent free
upon application.

FANCY POULTRY. GIVEUS- A. TRIAL.

+ __11j. ATTENTION'
s ,
lam 1 TTEREAFTER: all': fowls sent :
r : t li from my yards by express I
. 4 will go at one-half toe former
; -r: rated-a great saving to my.customers ,
; This is by special arrangement <
and is confined to Bowker
r\: ...:fowls from: my yardiWe'are ,
_
,: the largest breeders oi
-- ... .
a F : f li1 thoroughbred' poultry in,Florida*
.r.Q"Come and see oar stockior send
.7: 'J for our illustrated catalogue and
% t ;;;> .price liSt'of 14 varieties. '
f. :- It.: Poultry supplies of all'kinds* Orange Grower.
1S' Incubators and Brooders, Shelf
"
-w $*& and Bone Mills, Clover Cutters
..." -.. Wire Netting,Desiccated Fish and
'
Boiled Blood,and
\\ Bone'to make
I ,Y .. "''!.:.- ffrhens lay. FIRM: FRUIT that holds on until it is
....... -' #: BRIGHT
-
: EGGS TO HATCH. ; a strong, healthy, vigorous' growth of

R 'tom E.. W. AMSDEN both tree and fruit are the results reported by large
-
Ormond Fla' and experienced planters in Florida who are using

JF Musical Perfection this popular Fertilizer. It supplies to the;tree'at"the'

&N Is what you seek-1n buying a Piano .proper time, in the proper form,. and in the proper
write as about
$ Lowest New York Prices proportions: ,all the elements to bring perfect, healthy
-or THE maturity.BOWKERts; '
S TEINWAY '
and take ao other,: : VEGETABLE GROWER and' BOWKER'S TOBACCO .'

Aek oar I GROWER are' also special complete Fertilizers
DIasiciaa carefully and scientifically compounded far"the purposes
about the mentioned, and extensively used .in Florida. Bow-

I KER'S SQUARE BRAND BONE,AND POTASIT happy
We are Wholesale Southern Agents' combination for" those requiring these ingredients.

fo these celebrated instruments,and you can.buy from us as Chemicals' at market rates.
easily* cheaply,and safely by mall, as in penon. Aek

LUDDEN_ & BATES, Savannah, Ga.BOifLiHB '. a Send for Illustrated Catalogue, Free. :

BOWKER/ FERTILIZER ) A. M. BOND, CEN'L AGENT, .
SBEEH ACDEM1. FR EVAPORATOR COMPANY. {J JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA. .

\chartered preparatory school of the highest W I I J c..ZIMMERMANTUCBI.TMTUi
.
npnta
ion and health The standard
wee.At rs ors perfect. Cba 8laehtne
1QrasJohtt rges low Dis mal alas sad prias: IIItMrtt.d --
liattdLA.0.oI YwBpaling .. Catalopo Mo.
iB0 ROBYi COy t7.elaatt,O.


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