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UFPKY NEH LSTA SLAF



Florida farmer & fruit grower
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Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055765/00241
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: S. Powers
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: July 14, 1892
Frequency: weekly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note: Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038466
oclc - 01387403
notis - AKM6256
lccn - sn 95026761
System ID: UF00055765:00241
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen

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LOI\TI D\DISPATCH J : .




Tvr 1 1869 "'e.:,05 Q: .

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r n t i- fliP K U FARMi F LO cO ALLIANCESEMITROPICALMAGAZIN.E! .


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InIAI I.i1j1: CONSOLIDATED JANUARY 1889. .


.

DACOSTA I; POWERS, NEW SERIES
Proprietors. JACKSONVILLE, FLA., JULY 14, 1892. Whole No. 1223 'ol.IV, No.28.

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BLAKE &AGENTS RIPLEY, ABSOL-UTELY PURE. Geo. S.MANUFACTURERS Hacker OFAnd & Son,



FLORIDA FRUIT EXCHANGE, Hastin s' Improved Large Purple E ESI Plant ..cco.. m= .

57 CHATHAM ST., BOSTON. ::J
Now Offered for the First Time is Absolutely Pure.
Price Catalogues of weekly sales furnished
on application. Seed of high vitality; plants strong, vigorous and thornless; fruit large; dark
rich purple color; entirely free from light streaks; weighs 5 to 6 pounds each.A UJa
G.W.BARKETT. ABNETT
J. H.
ESTABLISHED 18M. PERFECT VARIETY FOR THE SHIPPER OR FOR HOME USE. c .M Id s:

Packet, 10 cents; oz., 25 cents; oz., 50 cents; i lb., $1.75; lb., $f.00. 0c

BROS., OUR 40-PAGE ILLUSTRATED CATALOGUE FREE co -

, s BARNETT AGENTS H.
FLORIDA FRUIT EXCHANGE. IN .rERLACHEN FLORIDA. ca
o
Wholesale Commission, Fruits and Vegetables v

Prompt' return Stencils on application. WE MAKE THEM !
159 Routh water Street.ChI fI' Building 1Vleterial.CHARLESTON .

PALMER, RIVENBURG & CO., WHAT ARE THEY? S. C.


G.SUCCESSORS S. PALMER TO The Virginia Ventilated Fruit CarriersFOR

160 Jifade Street,Xew York. BENTON & UPSON,
SOUTHERN PRODUCE A SPECIALTY.
EARLY TOMATOES, STRAWBERRIES, PEACHES, AND PLUMS. .
Oranges Lemons Pineapples, and all other
Fruits and early truck, also dried fruits,nuts, :No. 41-6 Baskets, three-quarter No. 34-16-quart gift crate. JFICIcso'4VHkJ.tE. FIlA.,
tors,etc. No. 42-4 one-half Butlhel'l No. 36-32- .<
All consignments promptly remitted for. Sten- ..
dlS and market reports furnished free. :No.lS6-2" No. 30-32- standard crate.

References: Bradstreets,and established mer Send for catalogues, prices and samples. IRRIGATING .
chants and banks of the South.
SOUTH SIDE MFG. CO., Petersburg, Va.
& CO.,

LILLY 1 WHOLESALE Southernmost Establishment in U. S. MACHINERY
'..' A C iea0C + :
FRUITS AND PRODUCE. ,
i
; ESTABLISHED 1883.

GENERAL e Rare new fruits;Shrubbery;Ornamental plants-Palms,Orchids,Ferns, BROTH

COMMISSION I MERCHANTS. I Bamboos, Cactus, Conifers Aquatics. Stock safely shipped over the whole ...
world. Fine illustrated catalogue of 100 pages sent on receipt of ice. Clean, Steam and Horse Power
_
? 218 King Street, ChattanQOp,'l'enn. ..,
o + healthy stock. Low prices.!
Consignments Solicited. .
REASONER BROS., Onece, Fin.
THE

AMERICAN EXOTIC NURSERIES. NURSERIES OF THE Pipe, Pipe Fitting,-,- Brass.,-_ ....

Nftr, Rare and Descriptions Elegant ''a.t. of Every Milwaukee Florida Qpaiige CD. Valve, Hose, Etc. -. ;-"


Palms, Orchids, Cacti and Bamboos. Selected strains of Choicest Varieties of Citrus Fruit Trees a Specialty. WRITE FOR ESTIMATES.
Shade and ornameatal trees and shrubs for Southern Budding-Wood for sale at all times.
lawns and gardens Choice exotic plantsfor Our stock is large and complete. PROMPT ATTENTION TO CORRESPONDENCE."
the greenhouse or conservatory. For Catalogue and Price-List,address
ORANGE AND LEMON TREES "' Dunedin Fla. FRUIT TREES
A. Li. DUNCAN Manager -
in: all the leading varieties,budded from bearing ,
trees on our own grounds and guaranteed FOR
true to name.
All the New and Desirable Tropical JOHN CLARK SON & CO. SOUTHERN ORCHARDS.Write .
Fruits. Our 88 page Illustrated and Descriptive ,
Catalogue for 1892 tells all about these things,and for Catalogue and price list.
Is sent free to applicant Address JENNINGS NURSERY CO.,

R.D. HOYT.Seven Manager Oaks, Fla. GROCERS AND COMMISSION{ MERCHANTS, Thomagvllle, Ga.SCARLETorCRIMSONCJIQVEq.


POULTRY FOOD I
DEALERS IN----

A BOON TO

:Coal, Hay, Grain, Wines, Liquors, Cigars, Tobacco, Etc. hare the variety AGRICULTURE.We that Is tested and.accli
mated. We offer '
pedigree seed,crop of 92.inspected -
1 and guaranteed, in sealed bags. For the
J"ACI SONVILLE, FLA. Scarlet Clover Bulletin,No. 16. or theDeIa2ware
Agricultural Experiment Station, cfJ'C1llara.
Trade Mark. prices etc., address the g1'07enThe Del aware -
HOUXS CANNED MEAT FOR POULTRYWill Fruit Exchange SAM% H. DKRBY.
Secy Woodslde. ,Delaware.
Make Hens Lay t tWill PRICE LIST OF WHISKEY. 6-94t.
Make Chickens Grow 1 ,
Parker..................................SI 75 J.Martin Rye................;..........83 00 Six days earlier than
AND GOOD FOR MOULTING FOWLS. Orange Valley........................... 2 00 Virginia Glades .............. ......... 4 00 any variety toted atlh
This food is strictly fresh meat, carefully Spring Valley..... ..................... 2 5O I Old Bourbon ................,........... 5 00 acne 7a.Ex.1 r
cooked, seasoned and hermetically North Carolina Corn................... 2 50 Kentucky Sour Marsh ...."............ 5 00 I N. Colas
ground fine fine it Clifton Club ............ ............... Old Baker ................... ......... 5 00 tender greenUh, white: pain
sealed in 8lb. cans. Being ground can Montrose Velvet.................. 86 00 licious. sweet Tbe only and doT -
be readily mixed with soft food and fed so as togiTe that ranks first bosh grape 111
each fowl share. Price cents Jugs Extra: One gallon, 2S<:.; two gallon Soc.; three gallon,q5c. Remit by post) office money earliness and qualitr.
an equal 30 order,check or registered letter. We cannot ship C.O.D. to dry tcwns.A Each Tine sealed wiUi
per can; boo per dozen. Address HOLWS complete price list of Groceries,and Wine List,cent free on application.: 00tt_-- our registered trads-
DRESSED MEAT & WOOL CO., 20 North, mark lab l. Send for
ijrcnur"rug(turtiM r Information. Agents wanted
t
JOHN CLARK SON & CO.
Boston,Mass. [Mention paper.] address 8I Fl U< ]orr$ bONS. New Canaao Cfc
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54-2 THE FLORIDA DISPATCH, FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. [JULY 14, 1892



REASONS FOR SPRAYING TREES

'"''
WITH


THE EUllEK INSECTICIDE.


.- ,

* -- It will destroy the SPIDER which, is causing the fruit and leaves to drop and| '

-- in many cases killing the limbs.

. It will kill the MOVING SCALE. This is the hatching period and now is the time to spray..,

It will destroy the RUST MITE, of which Hubbard found 60,000 on a single leaf, thereby saving the cost of feeding such an enormous -

mass of insect life, and by their destruction secure bright fruit. -

It will not only prevent the oranges from rusting, but give them a bright, sparkling color that can be obtained in no other,way.,. .
'
It will cure FOOT ROT and prevent infection and spreading. ': :i'..
,....>
It will destroy FUNGUS and LICHEN GROWTH, giving the trees a healthy appearance. '" ,', \><:
'
It will, as Mr.Axline (Axline & Markely, Cincinnati) says, return you ten dollars for every one that it will cost. .. % },

: APPLICATIONS MUST BE THOROUGH AND AS OFTEN AS ONCE A MONTH. ''; ":

.
',.
HOne Quart in 50 Gallons of Water is Sufficient. Spraying Outfits in Great Variety at Manufacturers' Prices.

E. BEA..LV, Jacksonville: F la.
.


4{, : : SULPHUR SOLUTION


.. (INSECTICII>E) I

< Is the most effective compound yet discovered for destroying the insects infesting the orange tree, and is a sovereign

remedy f 01 the various forms Qf fungi on trees and plants. Being free from all substances of a caustic, corrosive or pois-

onous nature, it can be handled with perfect safety to the person, and applied to the trees at any stage of growth without

injury.This
insecticide{ has been used by some of the largest orange growers in the State during the past. two years, and has

.. given perfect satisfaction. References furnished on application.

For Rust Mite use one quart to fifty gallons of water. When used at this strength the trees should be sprayed for

the Rust Mite twice a month through the season. Where labor constitutes the principal item of expense in spraying treesit

is better and cheaper to use the Insecticide at full strength, viz.: One gallon of solution to 50 gallons of water, as the

fumes from the Insecticide will kill the Rust Mite even if the solution should not happen to touch them. In using the

Insecticide at this strength it will save three or four sprayings through the ,season, thereby reducing the cost from one-

0 third to one-half.: This is an Advantage Possessed by no Other Preparation of Sulphur. If used in this manner it

will also kill the.other insects that may be moving on the trees.

For Red Spider and Scale, use one gallon to fifty gallons of water. General directions for using sent on application.

., Price 20c. Per Gallon, in barrels. If there is no agent in your vicinity, write for price delivered.

Spraying Apparatus furnished to our customers at cost. .


McMASTER & MILLER, San Mateo and Citra, Fla.




SAVANNAH FLORIDA & WESTERN RAILWAY


AND-

THE .,. FLORIDA .,. DISPATCH ... LINE I&

/f WITH THE MAGNIFICENT CONNECTIONS. .

.- :-- The Great Fast Express Freight System of the South.


The attention of shippers is directed to the Plant S.S.Line between Havana,Key West and Tampa, and South Florida between Tampa and Sanford;S.,P.&W.Ry.between Jacksonville
Gainesville,Bainbridge, River Junction and Savannah;Savannah and Charleston,and Ocean Steamship Line between Savanna, Philadelphia,Boston and New York, and Merchants:: and Miners
Transportation Company between Savannah and Baltimore. The best equipped,fastest and most prompt lines between all points in Florida and all points North and Northwest.
Receivers and Shippers Will Profit by the Following Uuparalleled Connections:
NORTH SOTT2TD. SOUTH BOUND.
Double daily fast freight service for all points West via Albany, Jesup, Bainbridge and Double daily fast freight service from all points North and West via Albany, ,Jesup
Savannah. and Savannah to all points in Florida; fast freight trains both via Gainesville,Jacksonville: ,Callahan -
Daily fast freight all rail connection via the Atlantic Coast Line to all tern Interior and and Live Oak
Coast points including New York,Boston,Philadelphia,Baltimore Washing *>and Providence. Four ships a week by the fleet steamships of the Ocean Steamship Company, sailing from New
Four connections a week for New York via Ocean Steamship Company, aving Savannah York(New Pier 35,North River,)direct for Savannah Monday,Wednesday,Friday and Saturday.The .
ndays,Wednesdays,Fridays and Saturdays. Boston and Savannah '1 steamers*will leave Boston July 7,14,21 and
Two connections a week for Baltimore,via Merchants' and Miners' Transportation Company, 28 for Savannah direct,making.connection on the dock at Savannah with fast freight trains for all
leaving Savannah every Wednesday and Saturday. points in Florida.
Connections for Boston via Boston and avannah Steamship Company, leaving Savannah: July From Philadelphia via Ocean Steamship Co.,leaving Philadelphia July 6,16,26,every five day.
7,14 31 and 23. from regular sailing day via New York to Savannah.
Connections for Philadelphia every ten days via Ocean Steamship Company, leaving Savannah From Baltimore Merchants:: and Miners'Transportation Co. every Tuesday and Friday
making close connection: with S.,F.&W.Ry.,for all points in Florida.gr .
July r 11,2
8a\1 ltn : for.Steamsbi. p s are subject' to than._..without. -ftntl......_...... .
.he Florida Dispatch Line Is the quickest and.best freight route from all points North, But and West to Florida. For full particulars,rates,stencils and shipping
receipts apply to any agents of the above lines, or to WM. P. HARDEN,Oen'l Freight Agent, Savannah,Ga.
CI;:>>. OWENS,Traffic Manager,Savannah,Oa. F. B. PAPY,Asst.Traffic Manager, Savannah, Ga. W. M. DAVIDSON, Gen'l Passenger Agt.,Jacksonville, Fla.
J. P. JORDAN Trav. Agent, Qulncy. J. B. DBAYTON, Tray. Agent,JacJuoDTlUe.t .

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IIErhORJDADISPATCIL, :

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1 M. ,4 d RuERFgUTROwER I '





82.00 PER YEAR] JACKSONVILLE, JULY 14, 1892. T82.00 PER YEAR
-- ---- -- --- -- -- ---- --- ----
.

_I1ove and Orchard: If a branch or even a large limb not one tree in a hundred in our or The fact that certain

should be killed, another will soon chards has had a diseased twig. We LADYBIRD BEETLES,
take its place.Sometimes. run the Planet cultivator throughour
Jr.,
Spraying for the Aleyrodes or notably a black species having two
a LeConte tree will show orchard twice a month during
Smut. red the back feed
blight on a hundred fruit spurs, and it April, May and June. The other spots on upon
Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower.In these has led
will look like it will certainly die. nine months we let the trees take pests many growers to
my article, "Spraying the Or. neglect the scales with the idea that
,
Never mind. Let it alone. It will of themselves and do it
care they ,
ange Trees, in your issue; of June 23d, such enemfes would keep them sufficiently
be all right next year. So with apple and then our LeContes are pedigreetrees
either mistake mine
a of or a mistakeof in check but this is mistake
; a
trees. It is better to let them alone. and there is something in that. ,
the type makes the recipe I used as many of the groves show. The
for Apple trees are not often killed with And our trees of the European race
spraying, as printed, quite unin-
RED SPIDER AND
blight/ all Leconte roots RUSTMITEare
telligible. are on or Japan pear

Here it is as I intended it shouldbe. Now we come to the old race of roots, and there is something in that. the two other insect enemies
There is a good deal in the make present in injurious numbers. The
Take empty kerosene barrels, pear trees. What can we do for up
put half a bushel unslacked .rock lime them? The blight usually makes on a pear tree. former is being quite generally des-

into each barrel, then put four pounds short work with them, especially thoseon One encouraging feature about troyed by spraying, while the latter in
is that while it exists in the I have visited has
pulverized sulphur into each barrel, French or American grown stocksof blight some groves done
and one pound concentrated lye, then the same race. Many of them part or parts of the United States comparatively little harm as yet, but

fill each barrel about one-fourth full will die or be badly crippled in spite of every year, it usually remains in any should be routed in some way.

of water to slack the lime, and heat all that can be done for them. The locality only three or four years, and The fungus enemies of citrus fruitsin

the sulphur, thereby causing it to be only successful remedy is to remove then disappears for a period of ten to Florida have received comparatively

held in solution. By adding too much the blighted twigs or branches as twenty years. little attention, although they are

water at first, there is not heat enough soon as discovered. Always cut be- On the whole, plant pear trees. .Ifa rapidly multiplying. Last year Pro-
generated to cause the sulphur to as- low the diseased wood. Take the dis Bartlett or a Howell dies, plant a fessor Underwood, acting under the

similate. After the lime is slacked, eased branches out of the orchard Kieffer or a Garber in its place. direction of the United States Depart-

fill up the barrels, let stand twelve. and burn them. This remedy has JENNINGS. NURSERY Co. ment of Agriculture, made a short
hours and dip off. been tried by thousands with variable field study, and published in the

We refilled the barrels twice add. success. If the tree is taken in time, Enemies of the Orange. Journal of Mycology an excellent account -
,
ing a half pound lye each time, then and the work carefully done, and the Last winter, Mr. Clarence M. of his observations. Mr. Gal-

began again with the lime and sul- tree watched every few days for any Weed, of the New Hampshire Agri loway, of the Division of Mycology,

phur. Believing the lime would addto new symptom of the disease for a cultural College, visited Florida and hopes soon to send an assistant into

the effect in removing the smut, we month or two, the tree may be saved. made some observations on the insect the field to make a more extended and

gently stirred the solution as we Care must be taken not to communicate pests of the orange in Citrus county, careful study, and to conduct experiments

dipped off, and I believe the results the disease from one part of the which he has published in American with remedies. There is de-

Jiave'justified me in doing so, for now tree to another by cutting into a diseased Gardening : cided need of an investigation of this
branch and then into Orange groves in Florida, like the
after our heavy rains the smut has a healthyone. kind.One
nearly all disappeared, the leaves After cutting into a diseased apple orchards of the north, were once of the commonest of these .fun-

look dark green, and are returning to branch the knife blade should be comparatively so free from insects and gous diseases is the

their gloss. t dipped into spirits turpentine, kerosene fungus! diseases that any one could SCAB

But how about the bug (Aleyrodes) oil or a solution of copper sul, raise sound fruit. But now citrus en. which "first makes its appearance in
emies numerous that in few
are so a
Ah! now we weep, for they have,re- phate. Any one can satisfy himself the form of whitish or cream colored
turned in countless numbers. Mr. how readily a healthy branch can be years the business of growing such spots, usually on the under side of

Swingle, of the Department, told us inoculated. With the knife cut into a fruits will probably be confined to the leaf, but often on the upper side
those who study spraying methods in-
they were persistent, and we think he freshly diseased branch or twig, then and occasionally on the young twigs'and
telligently and use the machine skill-
is right. But we feel encouraged, for with the same blade, into a healthy fruit. The spots on the leaf are
the flies seem to be only on the new twig, in three to five days the disease fully. The often accompanied by .a depression or
growth that has formed since we will manifest itself In the healthy twig LONG SCALE pit on the opposite side. These parts
insect is far the most
by injurious enemy -
where the knife entered it.
sprayed, and we shall proceed to fill grow larger and often coalesce; ulti-
in the Citrus county (Florida)
up our barrels, oil up our machine If a man has but few trees of the I that I have examined. It mately they turn dark, and if abun-
and the "if it takes all that he groves dant the leaf becomes curled
renew fight, us European type are blighting, closely resembles the oyster-shell bark badly ,
be able them twisted otherwise distorted."*
summer may to save some of by or
louse of our northern apple orchards
We find the smut on bay leaves, the cutting off process; but if he has This scab I found abundant in the
to which it is similar in lifehistoryand
and other trees and plants. Where did many trees, he may find it laboriousand habits. In one large seven Citrus county groves, and have received -
this bug come from? Will some one expensive, and of doubtful year it (from other parts of the State.
old that I looked over recentlythis
tell us. utility.It grove Professor Underwood found it wide-
insect had yellowed the foliage
C. A. BACON. spread. I do not know that
may be said that the Orientalrace everywhere and the owner estimatedthat any suc-
Number Nine, Ormond,July 2, cessful
92 preventive has
of should be let alone or remedy
I : pear trees he had lost 1,200 boxes of orangesin
Pear Blight-Lot it Alone. I for the reason that they will get well consequence of it; the fruit was been found.

What shall we dQ for our trees when any way; and that the European race falling,91) before maturity, and rottingon THE LEAF SPOT

the blight makes its appearance? on stocks of the same race and on .th ground. The trunks, branches is a peculiar disease due to a parasitic

Simply this: If the trees are Kieffer, quince should be let alone for the reason and many leaves of the trees were fungus which grows within the tissuesof

LeConte, Garber, or any of the Japanor that they will die anyway. covered with the insect-scales. Be the leaf. The spots are of a faded,

Chinese varieties, let them alone. There is a good deal in keepingpear neath each scale were numerous eggs jrayish-brown color. They vary muchin

Do not try to doctor them. Give trees of all kinds in a healthy, which had not begun to hatch. When size, but are generally not over half

them no ,medicine. Give them the thrifty condition. They should neitherbe they do hatch those trees will be liter ;an inch in diameter, and have on

necessarry cultivation to keep them over-fed or starved, nor cultivatedor ally alive with young lice, and will both surfaces many small black points.

thrifty, and they will whip the fight. fertilized after July r St. Pear trees require prompt attention if the orchard 'This disease does not seem to be con-

The best known remedy for this"race so managed! will frequently over come bears any fruit next year. I have no sidered at all serious by the growers.

of pear trees is to let them fight their fungus diseasesand insect enemies. doubt that the kerosene emulsion will The leaves of many trees which are

own battles. Not one tree in a hundred -j I While Peat-trees in our immediate prove an effective remedy if promptly affected by scale-insects are often covered -
will be killed i have blighted applied while the lice hatching. with a black fungus called
badly are
neighborhood ;
or seriously injured. "sooty
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'544. .THE FLORIDA. DISPATCH, FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. rJuLY 14,1892

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mould. This fungus lives upon the Root Knot. brittle roots, utterly valueless for
honeydew produced bv the insects, Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: growth and nutrition of the stem. Tile 'dine}'mod.

and is not a true parasite of the tree. I enclose samples of roots of col- You in Florida are most interestedin ......... - ....
The mold is in a thin layer, which lard and other plants raised in my the peach and fig, and this pest seriously Edited by E. DUBOIS, Tallahassee Fla.
peels off easily. It was first noticedin garden. Nothing will mature in the threatens these importantfruits.
the orange groves of California.The garden. Stuff comes up all right, I have seen hundreds of small BEGINNINGS IN ORLANDO-II.
easiest way to get rid of it is to then gets sickly and dies. The gar- trees utterly rootless, and even when
destroy the insects which produce the den has been heavily fertilized for there were but few knots, a year or so Other Vineyards.Mr. .
honeydew on which it lives. about twenty-five years. We would would find the orchard dying rapidly. P. P. Ink, the Secretary of the

"Leaf glaze" is the very appropriatename like to know how to remedy the evil. What can we do? It looks as thoughwe Orange County Grape Growers' Asso-
which Professor Underwoodhas My son takes your paper, and advisedme must abandon the use of peach ciation, has ten acres at his home
given to a peculiar disease caused to write to you. Yours respect roots and find some variety 01 plum or place and has an interest in a forty.

by the growth of a lichen upon the fully, MARTIN FOUTS. cherry of a rapid growth to graft or acre vineyard set one year ago, the
Athens. Clay County. firm being Babcock & Ink. Mr. Ink
orange leaves. It appears in patchesof bud upon. The Kelsey comes nearlythe
REPLY BY DR. J. C. NEAL. has very positive ideas as to the best
ideal what
a pecular grayish color. It does and may be we want,
The microscopic worm makes curi- in systems of viticulture for this latitude,
not draw nourishment directly from but experiments are now progress to
ous and disastrous changes in the struc- and has read widely on the subject as
the leaf, but, nevertheless, is likely to determine that point.
ture ot the roots of the peach, fig, he went along.
injure the vitality of the tree. I foundit The Department of Agriculturehave
quite common in Citrus county. grape, mulberry, willow, pea, bean, recommended the bisulphide of CULTURE OF EUROPEAN VARIETIES.He .
tomato and many other plants of less carbon poured in holes around the takes especial interest in the

Underwood. value. The disease so induced is tree, and no doubt this would be as finer varieties from Europe which he

How to Bring Up a Grove. .. called "root knot" most" generally, effectual as it was with the phylloxeraof will test thoroughly with the hope of
Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: though "die back, lightning the grape. But at twenty cents a acclimating them. He shows the
i. I have purchased a grove which struck," "root dropsy" and "clubfoot" pound it would take a fortune to go Black Tokay, White Tokay, Flame
has been considerably neglected.What have been names applied to over a large orchard and do the work Tokay, Muscatel, Golden Chasselas,
is the best way of restoring the some of its forms. thoroughly. A friend of mine plant and Chasselas de Fontainebleau, all of
soil? The presence of the worms excites under but I if which last
ing green pines, expect set spring, are growing
2. Some of the trees have fruit on; cell growth in the soft tissues, result- he puts out diseased trees, they will thriftily, especially the Golden Chas
r am afraid, owing to the lack of nutriment ing in a structure having but little vitality gradually die off, in spite of the supposed selas. To make them root deep as a
in the soil, that they will dropa -something like a human, can- virtue of the pine roots. precaution against drouth, he has a
lot of this before ripening. Will a cerous growth or the nutgall of the The cow-pea is an especial food. hole dug fourteen inches deep in
)liberal application of potash or some oak, the bedeguar of the rose, or the plant for the worm, and I fear the almost which to plant. He fills up the hole
other fertilizer prevent this? peculiar leaf growth seen on the golden universal use of this as afirst- gradually, getting the deepest roots

3. There are a large number of rod. year crop has much to do with the well started and strong before the holeis
young sweet seedlings just coming into This soft, spongy tissue becomes a rapid spread of the disease. In sev- completely filled. Then he plows
bearing. I am afraid they may in the mass of worms, and speedily decays, eral cases this has apparently been four inches deep, forcing the roots to
future be liable to footrot. Would it cutting off the smaller fibres and spon- proven.I remain below that depth. He has

be feasible, at their present age, to gioles, and the tree starves. can hardly agree with one writer, tested the Green Mountain and White
inarch two or three sour stocks into There is a good deal of variation in that there is no land in Florida exempt Diamond and rejected them. Mr.
each tree? the disease, as shown in the differenttrees. for I know of several sections Ink's situation on the brow of the slope

4 Would it be wise to fertilize the The peach roots, near the surface where peaches have grown to an immense leading down to a lake, so similar to
whole grove in July or wait until say become club shaped-a foot be. size without a sign of the disease that of Baron von Luttichau at Earle-
November? The trees are very thin low they are very knotty-in hard till it was introduced by importedtrees ton, leads us to hope for him a large
and yellow. Yours, R. S. P. clay, white sand or yellow soil these from Georgia. However, thereis measure of the success which has at-
Leesburg. knots are scattering. In poor land the no doubt that the disease is native tended the experiments of that distin-
: I. If the state of your finances will peach has a fair showing, provided the and "to the manor born," probably guished vineyardist.SYSTEM .

permit, apply a ton per acre of some fertilizer used is phosphate, kainit or unknown because of the scarcity of or- OF TRAINING.Mr. .
standard brand of commercial fertilizer potash, without humus or vegetable chards in old times, now prominent,
Ink follows the Kniffen
every year-more if you can afford it, debris. This was shown very mark- as there are so many trees in cultiva system,
differs
which from
for the first two or three years; but be edly in a case in which trees around a tion. J. C. NEAL, M. D. the Munson-
careful not to sprinkle it nearer than barn had knotty roots next the barn, Haynes system in having only one
three feet to the trunks. If you cannot while the opposite side had been heav- wire at the top of the trellis and in
One of the finest and !
afford it and are able to wait and work, ily manured with ashes and had fibrous prospectively, the freedom with which summer
haul in hardwood forest leaves, pine- roots. the largest orange groves in the vicin pruning or pinching is practiced. As
ity of Leesburg is that owned by E. to the lack of foliage at the top of the
straw, ditch scrapings, soft phosphate, The fig and mulberry act alike, the
H. Mote, one of our leading, wide trellis he that the sun is not so
argues ,
etc. Sow Florida clover and plow it roots are often like strings of beads,
under when it is dead and beginningto but if they are on poor soil, and live awake business men. Mr. Mote has hot in Florida as in California and
decay. But the bearing trees should till the roots need clay or yellow sand, had set in his grove 2,200 additionaltrees does not scald grapes, and, therefore,
large stock and budded. His the same amount of protection is not
receive some potash, from two to eight they usually rally and outlive the dis
is of the

valuable
grove one most required. He or pinches a
pounds of sulphate per tree, even if ease. This is also in some degreetrue prunes
you have to pay for it by working forday's of the peach, if it is planted deep, properties. here.-Leesburg Commercial. rank vine several times through the
wages. But for your success as and with either clay or subsoil packed summer, often cutting away six or
an orange grower, we hope you are around it, it has a far better chance for eight inches of the extremity at one
better circumstanced than that. life than if treated in the usual way.I QQQQQQQQQQOQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ 0 time. He holds that the sap in the

2. If the trees have been starved it have no doubt of the infection by Fraud BUYERS Fruit \Wrappers free-growing American vine has sucha
would not be advisable to begin to contact. One case in which were 8 OFO strong tendency to work always "at
small that "heeledin" the front," to use a military phrase,
feed them up too rapidly, but a Judicious some trees were
application of fertilizer would for a few hours in land that was NO MORE CHEATING. that it will not properly develop the

undoubtedly assist them to retain and I full of anguillula; these were transplanted Consumers of Fruit Wrappers may buds in the rear, and he cuts away
into known be clear of now know that they get an honest the tip to make it set back and finishup
ripen; their fruit a good quality. i to a spot to
ream of 480 sheets and not 400 or 330 P its work from time to time beforeit
Give each tree ten pounds of a stand- the trouble, and every tree took the
8
sheets
to ream as some unscrupulous
advances the
ard fertilizer in July, and again ten disease. Again, a tree was planted Q dealers supply. c) growth any further.HIS .
pounds in the latter half of November. from infected ground; in two years VINEYARDS.
3. Do not cross a bridge before you the disease had spread in every direr 8 OUR "FAIR AND SQUARE Some of the vines in the forty acre

come to it. If you manage your trees tion for fifty feet, as was shown by ter. g Wrappers are put up in packages of C 5) vineyard have made a growth equalto
with judgment, fertilizing them just mina ]hoots of adjacent trees. Q 1000 each, and each! Wrapper Is numbered -e many two and three year old vines.In .
, enough, and not too much, with the \ As a rule the plum and wild cherry, ,in printing,consecutively from C) [ this vineyard he has planted some
1 to 1000.) No
right kind of fertilizer, at the right diamond willow, blackberry and scup- i one can f one year old roots which have not

time and in the right way, and watch pernong grape resist the worm, thoughin HONESTLY BEAT f made the growth that most of the two

them carefully, being ready at any very rich, damp and old ground all our prices. Send for samples and year old roots have, consequently the
time to arrest the first germs of rot by these become naturally the.subjects of 3 i vineyard has somewhat of an uneven

the proper remedies, you may never the disease, but far less than the CjS appearance, and when we considerthat
,,' ,!have} any! serious trouble with footrot. peach.The, I The y City Printing Co., c less than a year ago this was a

Substantially answered. .. in, replyto roots of the weeping willow"become JERSEY CITY N. J.oooooooeoeoooooooooeoeoo. pine forest and a raw wire-grass,
No. 2. :**- ;" I hideous, great masses of fungus, and that for three:;months aterthe



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Jt1LY,14.1892; ] THE FLORIDA? DISPATCH, FARMER. AND FRUIT-GROWER. 545


setting there was practically not a dropof the common Almeria, a very poor I j The remarks above apply to grapes often become thornless, and the fruit,
rain, so that strong seedling orange species. as they are at present grown, but whenI if any, is small and worthless. .
trees twenty years old rolled their It must be remembered that show I this industry is more developed jt will Certain land always causes pines to
leaves like cigars, we look upon this and appearance are everything here. ;i amply pay to devote very special attention manifest these symptoms, and we
display as remarkable. Half of the Flavor is a secondary consideration; I to grapes in some of the following have observed that shell hammocksand
vines are up to the second wire, five hence the Muscatel as grown at the ways: land with lime rock usually do so.
feet above the 'ground, some are run- Cape will not pay for export, as it is I. A portion of the vineyard which Hence, as they usually occur on the
ning along on it, and they have a too small in the berry, and moreovertoo produces the finest grapes of the kind peninsula, arose the tradition that
good color where the soil is suitable. thin skinned to carry well. suitable for export should be specially pines would not grow on the east
His home vineyard of ten acres, The cases should be flat and should treated with vine manure or otherwiseto side; but some of the finest planta-
the oldest part of it, has also grown hold about 20 lbs. of grapes. Those secure the largest grapes on the tions in the State are at East Mel
admirably, but has been pinched in used this year have measured; 2 feet in bunch. bourne.
so that it does not display the wood length, 18 inches in width and 6 inchesin 2. When the grapes are about the Then parties declared that they
and foliage that some others do, depth. They should have holes for size of a small pea the bunches shouldbe would not grow on hammock, but we
though this has forced out the fruit ventilation, the cork-dust being pre carefully pruned of all berries whichare have had most splendid results with
heavily. We can safely assert that, vented from running out by means ofa small and which are too close, in all varieties in heavy hickory and oak
for the amount of wood and foliage in piece of coarse muslin. The net order that the remaining berries may hammock, and have seen the finest
sight, Mr. Ink has in his home vine. weight of"the grapes should be plainly develop to a larger size than they pines, for their age, on Indian riveron
yard more fruit than there is on any marked on the outside. would if all were left; in this way a heavy hammock at Sewall's Point.
other one we visited. He is conduct- There should only be one kind of more even size of grape on the bunch Then many of us held that the diseasewas
ing experiments in the direction of the grape and only one layer of this in will be obtained. caused by lime in the soil; but at
prevention of the attacks of beetles, each case. Mixture of fruit ought al- 3. Great care should be taken to Biscayne Bay they thrive among coral
(which are troubling the growers some ways to be avoided, as it invariably pick each bunch so as to preserve the rocks, and we know that the disease
this year), also as to systems of cul- results in loss to the shipper. The bloom uninjured and bring them here occurs on clear sand land.
ture, of which he is not yet preparedto quality of fruit in each case should be with the stalk as green as possible. However, as a general thing we will
speak. His culture is clean and plainly marked on the outside. still hold that calcarean soils are more
thorough and had not been suspendedat The best packing material is un- The apt to produce this disease, while
the date of our visit. doubtedly cork-dust, finely groundnot Diner land made sour with saw palmetto
His system of planting deep to fore. ( so coarse as that used for the Al- : often manifests the same tendency.At .
stall the effects of drouth by the aid of meria) for the Cape grape has comparatively Edited by JOHN B. BEACH Melbourne, Tropic, on the south end of Mer-
deep-growing roots agrees with that speaking, a very thin skin. A Fla. ritt's Island, as well as on the Keys,
of the veteran of Florida viticulture, layer of cork-dust should be placed in Diseases and Insects-I. where pines flourish vigorously in
Prof. Dubois, of Tallahassee. He the case, and the bunches of grapes vast fields, will be streaked spots
lays great emphasis upon the fact of carefully packed on this. Dust shouldbe Tropical fruits at their northern limit where this disease always prevails.
Florida's superiority to California in poured in during the operation of seem to be less subject to disease and Slips taken from these diseased plants
one respect, that the sun here will not packing, the case being from time to insect attacks than in their native lati-- and placed on healthy soil, which has
scald or burn the fruit, as it unquestionably time gently shaken so that the dust tude. This may be because the insects not the slightest tendency toward the
does in the Pacific State. may become well settled between the and diseases peculiar to them do disease, will usually grow out of it and
berries. A final layer should be not follow them and are not found in become healthy plants.
Fresh Fruit Twenty Days on the added on the top of the fruit, so that the colder latitudes. At any rate, it I! This is one of the matters concern-
Road. the case may be quite full, and the lid is a fortunate provision where they ing pines of which we know we don't
may be then fastened firmly down. i need all their vigor and unimpaired know much, and we may as well Icon.
IJditor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: Another material is sawdust, but vitality to survive the attacks of Jack fess it at once. However, we can lay
We send'you by same mail a pamphlet this must on no account be used unlessit Frost. Thus the cocoanut palm has down these rules, which-apply in gen-
on the export of fruit from South is specially prepared as follows: It no enemies in this State and is subjectto eral to its prevalence. Land which
Africa to England, it having been sent must be exposed to sun, wind and rain no diseases, while in the West Indies has a yellow subsoil near the surface
from London, with a request to for for about two years until the resin and thousands of trees are destroyed and those which produce spruce pine
: ward to you, as it might be useful for smell is thoroughly washed out and annually by a beetle which penetratesthe and hickory are exempt, and diseased
publication here. As you are having evaporated, so that it is quite neutral, bud, and the cocoanut blight ruins slips set upon this sort of land will
articles on transportation, it might be without taste or smell. It must, of many more. generally recover and make good
of value at least to show what can be course, be thoroughly dried before use The pineapple has always been con. plants.
done if 'we only had transportation and then makes a good packing.The sidered free from enemies and only Hammocks which contain much
companies willing to do something for use of the cork or sawdust is threatened by the frost of winter, and rubber and gum demi (generally shelly
the fruit trade. threefold: (i) It forms a cushion for such is very nearly the case. How and without yellow subsoil) should be
We are now paying $3.85 per 100 the grapes to rest on, supporting each ever, we must not shut our eyes and avoided as likely to be subject to this
pounds on grapes from here to New berry, as it were, separately; ((2)) it when we see a plant not growing as it trouble. Heavy saw palmetto land
York, and they have lately taken offa keeps the berries, even those on the ought, trust to the mind cure and tell with no yellow sand within eighteen
reduced rate for shipments of over same bunch, from touching one an- it that it is in perfect health. If we inches should not be planted, at least
300 pounds. Yours truly, other; ((3)) it absorbs any moisture exuding do so we will allow troublesome diseases till it has been allowed a year to
H. M. &R. FRITH. from berries which may from to creep in and get a foothold in sweeten after clearing.
Lane Park Lake County. any cause decay, and so keeps the rest our pineapple fields, as the Englishare JOHN B. BEACH.Motto .
|:The pamphlet gives minute instructions of the bunch clean and dry.It allowing the dreadful leprosy to ,Dade Co.
for picking and packing all kinds is possible that some local pack- creep in and gain foothold in their
of fruit that can be produced at the ing may be found to combine all these beautiful islands in the West Indies.If .
Cape Colony, and we select the para qualities and so save the large cost of we do we will awake to our mistake,
graphs relating to grapes as having a importing cork-dust. as they will do, too late, and find the
present interest to some of our The bunches ought to be carefully little spark, which could be,quenchedat
readers.Oranges. sorted and any bad grapes should be the start with a drop of water, has
it seems, are not grown for removed by a scissors. The berries become a roaring conflagration,against
export in South Africa. We regret should, as far as possible,. be kept from which all of our efforts are of no avail.
that this pamphlet does not mentionthe the touch of the hand; the bunch In the first place, we must not be
transportation charges of the Brit should always be held by the stalk frightened at the mere thought of possible -
ish steamers. when cut from the vine, laid on traysto trouble from these causes, be-
Only the very best grapes and finest be carried to the packing shed, cause the fact that nobody has re Fun
bunches should be selected. The raised by the stalk and_ so placed in marked them proves that they are I.
grapes which grow in loose bunches the box. The bloom will then remainon none of them very prevalent or threat i For
travel much better than those which are the grape and add largely to its ening as yet. First, let us treat of a
very close. When the berries are too value. They should be gathered when disease which is the most widespread, Two.
tightly clustered, the inner ones gen- free from dew or moisture of any kind. and yet apparently the least dangerous
erally decay and spoil the appearance With the best bunches it is well to as a little caution will always pre- All children: enjoy a drink of
of the rest. sever a portion of the vine stalk with vent it. I refer to the disease which Hires' Root Beer.
At present it is quite certain that the grape stalk, so as to keep the latter causes the plants to turn red and the Eo does very other member of the funily.:
colored grapes of any kind (of large :green as far as possible. The fresh new leaves to become tl.icK and narrow drink.A 23 cent Dont package be deceived makes gallons If*dealer of,this for delidotv the Bake
.
:.:::size) will pay better than .the-white :green of. the stalk..i is greatly valued like those of the pineapple|airplantv of larger profit tells you some other fclsd Is
"Just as -tlsfalso. No Imitation
= i whith are: apt to be. confoundedithvs.... SS.. .e .4itt .r : the J! .. !leaves look spiky: and M the g name Hius'* 1M.. nod. :





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546 THE-FLORIDA DISPATCH, .FARMER] AND FRUIT-GROWER. [JULY 14, 1892



F MER]' RA T'RIJCIER\ in all the fruit and vegetable growing Barton's Eclipse, P.-A vigorous No-Frost Area.

- sections the same as the Florence grower; a great plant maker; not as Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower:

-Profit by Past Experience.- Company of your State, also, at Crys. early as claimed for it; fruit large; a In your issue of March loth you

tal Springs, Miss., then the shipper fine shipper; flavor medium;, very productive quote me as saying, "For all practical
Kditor Farmer and Fruit Grower: will realize something for his labor. ; promising as a market berry. purposes that part of the State lying
We now stand on the verge of a revival south of line between
Williams Early, P.-Fruit very Oregon Everbearing, H.-Plant of a Cape Romanoto
of the interests of
trucking our large, oblong, flattened, firm, acid; great vigor; sending out runners free- Jupiter Inlet may be regarded as
State The loss of
through necessity. dark glossy crimson. Plant, stocky ly; fruit medium size; good color; lacks strictly tropical."
the orange crop (or this coming season grower; makes plants freely; productive flavor. Its everbearing propensities, Nearly ten years ago I stated in THE
frost and in
through drought many very promising. so far, have failed to materialize. DISPATCH the same in substance as

localities, will necessitate the plantingof Jefferson, H.-Plant a luxuriant Idaho, H.-A strong grower of the follows: "All the no-frost area in the

vegetable crops for shipment by grower, stands drouth well. Fruit Crescent type. Was hurt by the freezeof United States is in Florida, and that,

many orange growers. One lesson of round, medium to large; firm, good March i4th to 18th, at which timeit too, south of a line running northeast
the past we want to bring before the flavor; productive; season medium; was full of bloom. Small green across the State from Punta Rassa to
truck growers again. It must not be Canaveral." This
a splendid berry. berries. Cape statementwas

repeated this coming season. Parker Earl, H.-A variety that Regina, P.-A lusty grower, mak- challenged by Mr. Driscoll, of
We learn by experience, but in should be grown by all, whether for ing plants freely without a trace of Braidentown, as follows: "This claimis

Many things we learn very slowly, home or market. Fruit good size, rust. Fruit of good size, firm; very often made by residents of the east
and in the diversification
proper of rather long; very productive with us; productive; color dark red; flavor coast. If any one knows such to be
farm and vegetable crops it seems plant healthy; flavor fair to good; good. The latest berry on the grounds. the truth I hope the proof will be
sometimes that the lesson
must be repeated season medium to late. Promising as a very late berry. forthcoming." To this I made no

cost!! Can every the two truckers years, but and at farmersof what a Lewis Early, H.-Plant of great Thompson, No. 77, P.Promisingas reply, as the proof was very meagre

Florida stand the financial vigor and health; endures droughtand a grower. Will have to wait and of such a nature as to be of little '
loss of
neglect, equal to the Crescent. another year before saying what the weight with those who had given no
all have the interests
two years agoVe Fruit long, firm good color productive attention to the matter. To mind
of fair State ; ; fruit will be, as it was hurt by the cold my
our at heart. f fin
an acquisition quality best. the record of climatic conditions found
; ; weather when it was blooming.
Shall it another such financial
blow we give it received a its Thompson, No. 49, P.-A splendid Great Pacific, P.-Plant a rampant the tropical products of these regions
as through with heavy bright was quite conclusive-and I also knew
interests grower green grower, sending out an enormous
trucking The two years is ago? foliage; free from rust and blight. .amount of runners, very productive.The that: in January, 1879, the temperatureat
one crop system the neight Fruit good size, beautiful color; flavor first few berries are large Punta Rassa fell to 33 while hereit
very ;
of whether it
be
folly, no matter or-
good. Think it has come to stay. soon run small, firm; sells well on the was 36 .
anges, cotton or cabbage. Two years Stevens, H.-Our earliest berry; market quality But now it is quite different; the
; poor.
ago showed the folly of the one-crop size medium. Plant small have data
intervening given
healthy; years us
Little No. u P.-In growth of
the ,
system through cabbage, past
year makes few runners. With us very that are more tangible and to the general
has shown it through oranges.A productive; the firmest of all. plant good; foliage light green, free reader far more conclusive.
from rust and blight fruit mediumsize
continued adherence to the one ;
Bessie The records of the Service
P.-An
early berry; a great I. Signal
what color, scarlet flavor rich, sprightly -
that
crop system, no matter crop ; ;
runner; very firm; productive. Of and Weather Bureau of the United
may be, will eventually lead to the good size and ripens its crop within a and quite firm. States Government. These records
financial ruin of the There Van Deman, H.-A new claimantfor
planter. few of the for for.former give thermal data for
days; one good points years
this rule admit public favor from this State.
are exceptions to we ,
the commercial growers, as they are no point on the west coast further
but they are few and far between. Promises to be a leader. Plant growth
able the entire the south than Manatee and for
to get crop on mar- comparison
reader continue this good. Cannot as to its fruitingthis
Will rule
? say
you, ket while prices are good. I have taken Titusville on the
season only saw a few berries at
is
There no more reason why the ;
Woolverton.-Cannot say as to the east coast, which is nearly one and
trucker should the close of the picking season on the.
cabbage for ship-
grow fruit this one-half further north. For
season, as they were plantedtoo degrees
grounds of the originator. They were
ment exclusively, than there would be late to judge the merits of it; the six coldest months of 1889 the
for fair size, firm, good color, of medium
us to keep nothing but cabbageseed
of the minimum for each
making good growth; plant seems average
quality think it has a brilliant future.
to sell. It is a strong case of ;
Titus-
healthy. month was : Manatee, 41.3;
"do not put all in one Enhance, H.-Plant hardy and vigorous -
your
eggs
Swindle.-Plant luxuriant For Manatee 8
a ville,41.5. 1890, ,
grower; 39 ;
basket." ; fruit large, firm, of good color;
seems to be perfectly healthy; showsno Titusville, 43.7. For 1891, Manatee,
flavor fair promises to be a favorite
As we stated in a before the ;
paper rust. Foliage bright and clean; with the commercial 39.3; Titusville, 42.8. Average for
Horticultural Society at Ormond, in late for If it growers. three Manatee Titusville
planted too fruiting. is years, 40.0; ,
May, there has been a greater diversity Early Champion, P.-A strong
as good. a swindle for fruit as it .is a 42.7. Titusville is nearly one and
of vegetable crops this year than ever grower, will be the kind of swindle grower and a wonderful plant maker; one-half degrees further north than

before, truck crops have paid well with' that growers will hail with delight. fruit medium size, very firm; color, Manatee and nearly three degrees

out exception where they have been Banquet, H.-Strong, healthy dark red; quality poor. warmer for these 18 cold months.

economically produced. The droughtcut grower; makes few plants; inclined to Shaw, H.-Fruit large to very large; 2. Some time ago 1.lr.V.. W.

crops short and influenced the stool; it is not affected by drouth. !good color, firm quality; fair to goodon James reproduced in the Florida Agriculturist -

price, but the fact remains that, although Fruit large to very large; quite firm; heavy, moist soil; productive; plant an article of mine on pineapple

some crops were not affectedas very productive; color'bright cnmson; healthy. culture, originally published in
much as others, the increased prices quality good.Cherokee Middlefield, P.-One of the new THE DISPATCH, that contained the

obtained were propotionately distrib- H.A splendid sort; sorts, and from its bright, showy fruit, words quoted above. To this Mr.

uted among the different lines of veg. plant a free grower, sending out many think it will be popular. Plant vigorous. James objects, and suggests "Fort

etables. runners. Fruit medium to large; Myers and Lake Worth, or Naplesand
Cabbage ruled high in price this quality good; productive; very prom- Smalley, No. 13, P.-A seedling of Miami" as lines of equal minimum
last season, and the result will be a ising. Crescent and Bidwell, more productive temperature. Until recently there has

largely increased planting of it. You Little, NO.9, H.Have fruited than either of its parents. Fruit been no Weather Bureau Station at

may plant some cabbage this year with this two seasons and are well pleased medium to large, of splendid quality, Lake Worth. Hypoluxo is a station on

safety, but the man who depends on with the way it has behaved with us. early, firm enough to carry well, not Lake Worth, Island Home is a stationon

cabbage alone this coming year as a Plant growth perfect; fruit large; superb for sale. Merritt's Island, three miles south-
truck crop will, if we are not very much No P.-A east of known in the
quality; very productive.Little Thompson, 99, splendid Rockledge, Sig--
mistaken find himself in debt at this No. with clean nal Service and Weather Bureau
3, H.-Healthy, vigorous grower, bright, foliage;
time next year. The great need this growth of plant, bright, clean berry of good size, very firm; good records as Merritt's Island. The

coming year will be a diversity of vege- foliage. Fruit of very large size, flavor; promising. other points named are well known.

table crops. Fla.Strawberries. H. G. HASTINGS. dark red color; flavor pleasant acid; a Smalley, No.6, P.Luxuriant Sometime ago I compiled the recordsfor
Inttrlachen.
1 variety of great promise. grower, with dark green foliage; fruit these stations for the months of

in Arkansas. Westbrook, P.-Plant small ; sends large, roundish, dark crimson color; October, November and December,

Editor Fanner and Fruit Grower out runners freely. Planted too late early; very productive; quality good. 1891. The average of the minimum

I thought a few notes on the straw- to get any good specimens of the fruit, Little, No. 6.-Plant of great vigor, temperature for these months at Myerswas

berry from this section would be of so can say nothing regarding qualityor sending out runners freely; fruit very 47.3 degrees; at Hypoluxo, 56.7;

interest to your many readers. Gladto productiveness. large; flavor best; very promising.G. at Jupiter, 50.7; Island Home, 50.3,

.see the fruit and vegetable growersin Alabama, H.-An early sort that D. SMALLEY. and Titusville, 46.7.

the South forming societies for did splendidly; fruit, good size and Judsonia,Ark.Hereford's. We can now trace the line of equal

their own benefit, and packing and color, looks as if varnished ; very productive Acid i < Phosphate.If minimun temperature for these months

shipping only first-class stuff. As ; flavor fair; a splendid shipper; : are Nertona, across the State. Starting at Myers,

soon as the growers become organized plant inclined to stool; healthy. and cannot sleep, try it. .. for what point:on. the east coast'shall



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14, 1892] THE FLORIDA 'DISPATCH, .FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. 547

-

we,head? For Hypoluxo ? No; for from Pensacola that tow timber from I Poultry l claim made above has plenty of foundation .
,
that point is 9.4 degrees too warm. here.Then to it, and is worthy the attention -

Jupiter has an excess of 3.4 degrees there were four or five schooners Edited by E.W. AMSDEN Ormond. Fla. of readers.
above Myers. Island Home is not making more or less irregular trips, The symptoms of cholera are weak-
the point, for is just three degrees too now there are twenty-six engaged in A Texas Woman's Way.I ness, greenish droppings, and intense
warm, and Tifusville is only 0.6 of a the Bay trade, not to mention sloops thought as others are giving their thirst. It should not be confounded
degree too cold. This line, instead of and'smaller boats, or the two new ones experience in chickens, I would tell with indigestion, which is often mis-
crossing the State on the same parallel! on the stocks. what I did last year, from Septemberi taken for cholera.

from Myers to Lake Worth, as Mr. The mail facilities have been in- 1890, to September i, 1891. I The best cure for cholera is to add a
James suggests, trends to the north. creased from once a week to a daily began with 85 hens; sold $85 worth ol f teaspoonful of liquid carbolic acid to

ward so as to strike the east coast ;service, and the postoffices from two eggs and raised 100 chickens, and I each quart of the drinking water,
nearly 150 miles further north. The i to five. am very well pleased with the result. giving no other drink. Cholera kills

record of a longer period might give Other improvements have been My hens are the Polish and brown quickly. Indigestion may last a week

different results but I think would equally as great, but this will show Leghorn. I think the brown Leghornis or a month.-Poultry Keeper.

differ but little, as the above line cor- what may be accomplished by capitaland a hardy. breed, adapted to our sec .-
where much has been tion. I find the hens to be prolific Management of Hen Manure.
responds very nearly to the floral energy so
record of the centuries. accomplished by natural growth in layers, and that they rarely show any The most valuable property of hen
JAS. H. WHITE. prosperity.The inclination to sit, but lay the whole manure is ammonia. If allowed to

Island Home,Brenrd Co., Fla. soil around the Bay is very year round except during moultingtime. be liberated it loses its value as a fer
good and admirably adapted to fruit tilizer. For the better preservation of
The Bay Country. and vegetable growing, peaches and The little chicks are very active, the droppings a loose earthen floor of

Along the southern line of Walton pears and other fruits producing abun- feather quickly and mature rapidly road dust is best, for it catches all of

and between the counties of dantly. While this is not in the orange The pullets mature in four or five the droppings of the fowls when not
county, months and should be hatched not the and the dust-
,growing section of the State there are on perches, frequent
Walton and Washington, lies the bodyof 'two or three groves that are living ev- later than April 30, and not sooner ing covers them and prevents the lib-
water known to geographers as idence of the fact that the hardier than February 20. I make it a ruleto eration of the ammonia. Common

Choctawhatchie bay, an inland lake of varieties can be made a paying crop. hatch the pullets early. If they ground plaster is excellent to mix with

some thirty five miles in length and Grapes are in their natural clime and, hatch out too early they will moult in the manure. It can be sprinkled
while most of the best named varieties the fall, which is not desired. I set freely on the droppings during
miles in
probably seven or eight the have only been experimented with ina two or three hens at the same time. night and put away in barrels in a dry,

widest part, and connecting with the small way, they show every prospectof When they are hatched I give all the cool place until needed. The drop-

gulf through East Pass. The water, being a success. The scuppernongsgrow chicks to one hen and keep them in a ping board should be movable, taken

owing to the numerous tributariesnever luxuriantly and yield immense coop until they are two weeks old.I out every morning and scraped into'

being very salt, particularly at quantities of fruit whose flavor is not never feed the hens and growing the barrel, and then shake a heavy

the upper or eastern end of the bay surpassed by the high priced California chicks together. I have two feed layer of plaster over the manure each
where the Choctawhatchie river comes kinds. Vegetables of all kinds coops, one for the frying size and one time; about two parts of plaster (gyp-
in after winding down from the wire grow in profusion and the employesof for the little chicks. Corn bread is sum) to one of manure. A fine tooth

grass glades of Alabama and throughthe the various mills are ready pur the best food for the little ones, and rake, made purposely for this use, will

fertile lands of West Florida, and chasers for surplus garden truck. small corn is good enough for the gather the loose droppings, which can

whose broad bosom bears thousandsof Cattle do well the being almost large ones. I feed my hens corn at be treated in the same way.:-The
range and for their food I Stockman.Mr. .
morning
dollars worth of timber annuallyto unlimited and rank verdure night,
them all the clabber and butter- .
the bay where it is towed give
by around the water affording feed the
steamer to Pensacola and there entire winter, making little care milk mixed with bran, charcoal, condition Samuel Brown, who is 81 years

shipped to all parts of the world. Indeed, there very are hun- power and burnt bones. Bones of age, shows a pioneer spirit worthy

Owing to the many advantages of necessary.dreds of cattle that run on the range may be given in any manner. If of example for the rising generationto

location, soil, healthfulness and from one year's end to another and burnt, they can be pounded with a pattern from. He plants pecan
cheapness of transportation there has hammer. nuts and fruit trees with great enthu-
the only expense to the owners out-
grown up five towns around the head side of marking the calves is market- Hens, like cows, are partial to green siasm. The pine trees are being
of the bay. Commencing at the upper ing the beef cattle. feed, and it should be supplied to taken out of his grounds by the roots;
extremity .of the bay is Point them in summer. A bundle of pars- and a huge breaking plow has just arrived
There can be no better evidence of tied stake for the hens to from old for
Washington settled tradition ley to a peck Chicago turningover
. so says,
in 1801; next is Jolly Bay, of which the health of the section than to say will be appreciated by them. I tau ht new leaves in Florida fields. .
that in the five bay towns and surrounding -
more hereafter; then Freeport, after my hens to eat it by first plunging May new Chicago prove "fountain
Point Washington, the next oldest country there are but two parsley into water, then sprinklingwith of youth" to this worthy gentlemanand
town on the bay then Portland and physicians and now at the sickliest a little cornmeal. I can teach all his followers.-Pensacola
; ,
time iri the of these is off
one on
last Whitfield. year my hens to do anything that I want News.

The growth in population and in a pleasure trip. Doctors are a drugon them to, except that they will meddle There is abundant room for one

wealth has been slow, but the increasehas the market. with the oatstacks, and that's bad, for hundred industrious fishermen in

been nearly all home grown.In Every summer sees party after' par- my John is sure to lose his temper.- Cedar Key. The demand for fish is

other words, the money investedin ty from the interior of this State and Galveston News. greater than our present fleet can sup.
the enterprises has been made here from the southern part of Alabamacome Her way is good, except for so much ply.-Gulf Coaster.

around the Bay.A to the bay country to hunt, fish, feeding of corn. .
and gain new life from bathing in the > .
better idea of the growth of the How's This!
salt water and inhale the breeze from The Cause of Chicken Cholera.All .
country can be obtained from a com We offer One Hundred Dollars reward -
parison of fifteen and off the sea.Even the farms about here have the
say years ago the Pensacolians when they I same trouble, and I have found the for any case of catarrh that can

now.Then there were two small saw want to enjoy themselves in fishing, cause. We are in a low, flat, rich not be cured by taking Hall's Catarrh.

mills, now there are five, two of which charter a boat and come up the Choc- country, rather wet, especially in my Cure.

have a capacity of forty thousand feet tawhatchee, where they are alwayssure neighborhood. Thorough drainage of F. J. CHENEY & CO., Toledo, O.
of abundance in that line. What the soil is the only preventive of the
day one of thirty thousand feet, We
per ; the undersigned have knownF.
do catch ? Trout black bass ,
of thousand feet and they trouble. Neighbors who have thor-
one of twenty-five thousand feet. pike, red fish, sheephead, bream, oughly drained their premises are J. Cheney for the last fifteen years;

one Then twenty there were five stores doing a ronkers, pickerel, chopers, and in the troubled but very little. Open ditches and believe him perfectly honorablein

business now there are nine, Gulf pompano, skip-jacks, mullet and and holes, where water stands, are all business transactions, and finan-
general ,
and of the trade that came flounders, not to mention catfish and often the main causes of cholera. The cially able to carry out any obligationsmade
large part
here then now to the railroad an occasional shark, not regular man- hens, when affected, stand in the water by their firm.WEST&TRAUX.
goes eaters, but savage'fellows about three and drink all the time, their droppings Wholesale Drug-

towns. mill now feet long, who fight like fury and try falling into the water, impregnatingit gists, Toledo, Ohio.
Then there grist
was one your tackle and nerve in a way that is and thus the disease is perpetuated.Our WALDING, KINNAN & MARVIN,
there three.
are of. The Breeze. Wholesale Druggist, Toledo, O.
mill worth thinking Bay own experience is that on light
Then there was no planing or
Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken internally
and soils
---- dry teere are no spontaneous -
fertilizer is
there one.
factory, now
outbreaks of cholera. The dis- acting directly upon the blood
Then there was one shipyard, now BROWN'S IRON BITTERS
there are three. ease may, perhaps, be made to appearin and mucous surfaces of the system.
Then there were steamboats now Cures Dyspepsia, Indigestion any flocks and on any soil by direct Testimonials. sent free. Price, 750.
no
there are two owned here besides, four & Debility. contact, but as a rule we find the per bottle. Sold by all Druggists.JvLT .



.




'. .. ,-' L1 .. ..
:"..,548.,.'_- ,-, ';. THE FLORIDA -IISPATCH"F.ARMER ND"F.RUi'rGRbWER.: [JutT 14, 1892 '.

...
STEPHEN, POWERS, Editor' sand acres near Avon Park, which Money to Fight Disease With. RAMBLING DOTS FROM A RAMBLING -

P.O.Address. Lawtey,Pla.This he will divide into holdings for his Editor Farmer and tilt-Grower: PEN--No. 8.
In of date 1 i
to even
reply yours
year Mandarin granges have followers, and on which they will
have to that the clipping referredto Transportation Rates.In .
.
been sent to England from the prow plant all the fruits of South Florida, say "
relates to a bill introduced by our rambling about Rural ha said,.
ince of Nagpur, in British India, and from the orange to the anona.
Florida Representatives asking for an intimated that the rung
the fruit is of such excellent quality or principle
Commission Men as Moral Reformers. appropriation of $10,000 for the pur- ning through the policy of the railroads
that it rivals the oranges grown in less
distant countries.We pose of making a scientific investigation of this State is crushing out in-

The Vinegardist publishes a letter into the diseases of the orange fant industries and crippling the lead-

beg our readers to take note from a correspondent who complainsof and other citrus fruit trees in this State. ing enterprises of Florida. This may

of the two cultivators now offeredto "the miserably> dishonest course The movement was inaugurated by the appear strange to some; to others

the orange-grower in our columns. that has for years been practiced by a Orange Growers Convention held in doubtful, while many will treat the
under the of the assertion as frivolous and trivial as
,
Jacksonville auspices
level'with the demands of the
They are large class of grape shippers, and
Florida :Fruit Exchange April 20 and even a casual observer of the times
highest fruit culture of today; they says it is only folly to think that 21. I have had considerable corre- would judge that such a principleor

leave little or nothing to be desired. any reform can ever come from sucha spondence with the Senators and Representatives policy would be suicidal to the

direction." But he evidently does not Washington on this railroads themselves. Yet, Rural
On July 5, 6 and 7, 8,400 crates of subject. The intended appropriationwas desires to assure his dear readers that
.entertain much more hope of the com-
Crystal Springs Miss. tomatoes were he is with the sub-
( ) reduced to $5,000, the heads of quite conversant
sold at auction in New York at disastrous mission men either, as he proceeds to : the Horticultural Department thinkingthat ject he is writing about.

prices-a complete slump4ocents relate that the Boston houses called a sum would be sufficient for all The trouble with most transportation -

to $1.05, except one lot, which meeting and notified the shippers that purposes. Yours truly, companies is they are run by
they would henceforth sell grapes no M. P. TURNER, Secretary. narrow men-narrow between the
touched $2.05. The rainy season of ,
selfish obstinate and vindic-
e.es-a ,
but basket
more by weight by only.
the Gulf coast cuts shipping crops off Some London Fruit Prices. tive character. They will have their
This action had a grievous result, for
who is
square. own way, no matter run over
he says "it made all sorts of trouble From a pamphlet on "The Exportof or crushed. No one must stop them,

A press cablegram dated Havana, among basket makers, for they beganat Cape Fruit," forwarded to us by nor interfere with them in carrying out

Cuba, says that 200,000 barrels of once to cater to the interest of the Messrs. Frith Bros., of Lane Park, we their notions and ideas, no matter who

pineapples have already been shipped dishonest class, to induce them in a cull some prices that have been paid he is. Whatever business or interesthe

from that port alone since April isl, secret way to reduce the size of the for fancy fruit from the Cape and from he represents will get mowed he must down stand as they aside mow or

mainly to New York, and adds that Tasmania. Peaches arriving in February
basket and of
a course rascality was down the grain in harvest time. Theyare
the result has been disastrous to ship. sold at auction in Covent Gar- would
such
thus introduced that has been goingon just men as spite a
den market at prices ranging from
pers and producers. The enormous since that time." whole town because some one of its
12 to 56 cents peach. They were
per citizens have crossed their pathin
quantities, even with the great facilities He adds that the commission men of a "melting kind," and carefully the may of the
quarter moon.
of distribution from New York cityto decline to attempt the part of reformers packed in "fruiterer's wadding," each Individuals wrong and towns have been discriminated -
all of the United States and specimen wrapped separately and
parts to the rascally growers, arguingthat against, and towns and
Canada, so exceeded the consumptionas it is their business to sell on the packed in cases holding from three to individuals have had to pay dear be-

to reduce prices to losing figures. five dozen. cause they have found fault with the
best obtainable terms all that is offered Black Barbarossa from the
I grapes service or rates. If these things are
Two Things that Florida Needs. to them, and not to set themselves up Cape, packed in Portuguese cork dust, true-and they are-the things com

One is a powerful Railroad Com as critics and teachers of morals. so that no berry touched! another, plained of should be made public,

mission, containing one transportationexpert But he plucks up hope further along haVe often sold at $6.50 to $7 for a and steps taken to remedy the evil.

and two steadfast and incorruptible and concludes : eel am satisfied that I twenty Pears pound of several case. French varieties It, however, appears to Rural that it
I ,
can only be remedied by a powerful
friends of the shippers; the otheris if we can properly reach the commis- shipped from the Cape in cases, hold-. State Railroad Commission, backedby

a' Board of Health strong enoughto sioners they will be likely to call a ing from 20 to 50 pears, each one every loyal man in the State. The .

wall the vile contagions of South meeting and resolve to notify shippersthat wrapped in tissue paper, and packedin blame of the present condition of

America and Asia forever out of the they will handle no grapes that paper shavings, have sold at 6 to 33 affairs can be put on the back of the
cents apiece.
home of the orange and'the pleasure- are not properly ripened, neatly The beautiful green and yellow apple last Legislature, which all sin.now con-
fess was a disgrace and a
ground and winter garden of the packed and of proper weight." known at the Cape as the Lemon _

United: States. Elsewhere we presentan In this hot July weather we presentthe Pippin (Reinette de Canada), sells at
6 to 8 cents apiece. The only hope the people of Florida
article bearing on each of these above matter to our readers as refreshing -
have is in the It
Good Kidney beans, from Januaryto next Legislature.
subjects. They'are long for hot for the delicious innocence of April, fetch from 12 to 37 cents a can relieve these institutions of the

weather reading, but they have the this consumer. It will amuse the pound. burdens unjustly put upon them, and

root of the matter in them. growers to consider the remote possi- Some of the Tasmania steamers now is the time for every orange
.....
- truck raiser and farmer
bility of Washington Market and fetch as high as a thousand tons of grower: to put
An Ideal Colony.Mr. apples and pears at a single cargo. It In his work for reform. Rural has
Water
South street
being set to
\V. E. Pabor, late editor of the up is stated in this pamphlet that London just put aside a local paper in whichwas
teach them honesty. And they shouldnot paid $,4000,000 last year for foreign an item recommending a certain
Colorado Farmer, gave us a call as he fail to note, with becoming con apples. citizen for the Legislature. It told

went on his way down to the far trition, that if this ungrammatical and T' of his goodness of heart, his braveryon

South to commence turning the sod unrhetorical innocent has really been Your horticultural readers may be the field of battle, a strong party
for his colony. He has sought exten- interested in an account of a peach man, a great thinker and good work.
i fed on short-weight sour grapes, they orchard at St. Cloud, which we vis er, but he could not make a speech.We .
for ideal abode
for
sively an a company
must actually have been shipped by ited. It was set, out six years ago, don't want that class at all.
of congenial people; a place some dishonest grower-more's the has 3,000 trees, and every tree seemedto What's the good of a thinker if he

"free from frost, free from malaria, pity. be loaded with ripe and ripeningfruit. can't think aloud-can't explain his

free from negroes." He searched The superintendent of this thoughts? What's the good of a man

Florida over, then went to Californiaand A Last Chance. grove is Mr. J. I.: Smith, who has extensive who can't stand up and defend principle -
orchards in Maryland, and is I and right? We want men in the
looked it over but returned to As understand it there is noth-
we ,
thoroughly posted in peach culture. I next Legislature who can tell what the
his first choice; and among those in. ing in the Constitution of Floridato He had been shipping the delicious people demand; who can, to use a

comparable clear.water lakes of which prevent County Commissionersfrom fruit for several days and the lowest forcible expression, kick what is not

Florida has hundreds, and of which appropriating their quotas of the price received up to the date of our for the best interest of all and fight

Secretary Lelong once said to the $20,000 asked for the World's Fair call was $4; the highest, $8. Mr. unceasingly for the honor and good
Smith is enthusiastic over the possibilities name of our beloved State. That's
writer that if had them in Cali- the State in
they display, to erect building
I of fruit culture in Southern what we want, Mr. Editor," and=what
k forniafheywould: \ be worth-a million Chicago and place their exhibits-. it Flor da.--Letter,-in "Manhattan (Kansas .. we -must have]:or: hope and life and
, dollars apiece, he has selected 'a thou for "county purposes.) "' ) Republic. ': !'*"- : liberty are gone; :.A'-man:who can'do:



-


'-", ', '-' ,.-, .- .': ':/ .. .... ,.



JULT 14; 1892] SHE FLORIDA DISPATCH,.FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.' 549. -


no.better than vote and draw his salary some products to ship., But suddenly I price on 100 barrels of my solution Arrangements can easily be madeso

is no better than a wooden automaton, there came a halt in the affairs of men. I beg to submit : 300 barrels at $8 that the sales at the two centres,

and his day is gone., The rate for a barrel of its productsover per barrel ; less than 300 barrels, Monument Yard and Covent Garden,.
I the Florida Southern railway and $12.50 per barrel." The question is do not clash, and that sales by the in-

t THE.FARMER AND FRUIT GROWERhas its systems and connections from not answered at all, unless it be in dividual brokers in each are mutually

always been on the side of the} Francis to Savannah, Ga., was 79 the second proposition-"Less than arranged.As .

farmer and fruit grower and all the cents a barrel. But when the pro- 300 barrels, $12.50." That is to say, a fruit merchant observed: "I

Rurals.are thankful for its good work. prietor wanted to ship some of his 299 barrels, $12.50 a barrel}; 100 bar- believe in co-operation among ship.

Yet there is more work and harder products to Palatka! and to other rels, $ 2.50 a barrel; i barrel, $12 50a pers on the other side, ventilation on
work to be done. The action of the points by steamer or Georgia Southern barrel. Mr. B. is a shrewd, careful the voyage to this country, and con-

roads in boycotting the Georgia Southern the rate was $1.05 to Palatka, a i man, and would not make such a centration in the sales when the fruit
Railroad, because Jhat ,road re- distance:.of five miles. Here is where business proposition. It would not arrives here." This is sound advice.

duced its freight rates, is A disgraceand the rate builder got in his work. be in his manner. But if from some

a crime against public policy. A Francis to Palatka, distance five cause Rural should receive from him
ets.JACKSONVILLE
sample case of a number in the handsof miles,'$1.05; from Francis to Savan- such a quotation, Mr. B.'s friends ]JVtar { .

Rural may be of interest.A nah, at least 200 miles, only 79 cents.!; would become very anxious in regardto ....
number of orange growers at a For pure and unadulterated gall this his sanity and promptly take stepsto FLA., July 13. .
point on the Florida Southern Rail takes the cake and plate too. confine him in a mad house. FRUITS AND VEGETABLES.

road clubbed together and bought a Rural has presented some problems.How [Corrected to date by Marx Bros.]

carload of fertilizer in Kentucky; fora do they look, dear reader? How The rate builder was not asked what lots These fetch are prices average above top quotations.quotations Extra,while choice poor
certain price it was to be deliveredin do they look on paper? In the first 300 boxes would cost. He was asked lots sell lower.

Palatka; the rate from Palatka to problem the roads tried to crush out plainly and simply "what would it Lemons, .. 2.00 to 3000U

the point of delivery-twenty miles- one of the bests friends of the grower. cost to carry ice boxes He gavea Limes, ... 4.00104.50.50

was$i.02 per ton. When it arrived When the ring of rate builders put rate for 300 boxes, and for any Bananas Pineapples, bunch.,crate....... 3.00104.00 to
the.agent demanded $1.75 per ton, or another story on the rate two years number less than 300 it was the same as Potatoes, new barrel................ 1.50 3.50 1.75
...........
new sweet bushel.
$9.54 more on the car than the advertised ago-from a thirty-cent to a forty-cent the rate for one box. He made no Florida cabbage, 1.50101.75 1.25
rates. On the request for an rate-this road stood out and refused distinction between i and 100 or 200 Onions, l.coto 1.25 .

explanation they were told "it was be- to put on the extra ten cents. or 299. The difference in the rate i Turnips Beets, .i.. .. .- 1.50 2.25

cause the car came to Palatka over Then all the little, narrow-eyed rate- between 300 and egg was 42- cents Carrots Parsnips, .. 3.50 2.50
the Georgia Southern Railroad;: that builders got together and worked in per box, or 60 per cent. more for car- :. Radishes, .40
.....
that road had reduced its rate just their spite. rying 299 boxes than for 300 boxes. Cucumbers., not wanted. 5010 .60

$9.S'4-less than it should be. This The second problem is worked to It looks like this on paper : Beans Egg Plants, .. to 1.00.06

sum the Florida Southern was deter- crush out an infant industry or to com- 1 box of oranges to El Paso .$ 1 15 Peas .... 1.00101.50
mined to make the be- 100" . 115 00 Cauliflower............................ 1.00 to 2.00
growers pay pel the proprietor to do as the road Tomatoes, no demand.......
cause they patronized this boycottedroad. dictates. Is it lamentable 200" . 230 00 Peaches .75102.00
not
a con- 299" . 343 85 Squashes, slow sale .....100 to 1.50
It was done to punish the dition of affairs? Now let us come to Watermelons...__. ...__?.. .10 to .12
300" . 219 00
for trying to save a few dol- | Canteloupcs.......................... i.oo to 1.50
growers one of the leading industries of the
Mangoes TOO........ 1.50 to 2.00
lars. The Florida Southern did not State, the orange business. In his or $124.85 more for carrying 299 Grapes, Concord, lo-lb.basket........ 50
earn one cent of the $9.54 because boxes than for carrying 300.
rambles Rural has been permitted to POULTRY AND EGGS.
that was more than its regular rate, see a number of waybills, freight bills .. $ 04'0 to ,.45
and that much more than it would and letters which for conscientiousness The rate from the same point to .30..2,5tO30 to .35

have charged if the car had been would shame the fellow who Chicago, which is 85 miles beyondEl .. i.ootoi.35 30.to .35
shipped by a Palatka merchant. Paso, is cents box for car. .xoto
reigns over a land that is warmer than 73 per .15
Eggs..................... .uto .15
One of the born kicker lots and $1.03 box for less.
growers, a this. The orange grower that Rural 1 per Why
said: If a merchant charges me $10 told of in No. 3, who had nice. or- the rate to El Paso, 85 miles nearer NEW YORK July 11. *
for a barrel of flour when he adver- received a letter from a firm in than Chicago, should be 12 cents a
anges, Peaches, Mt. Rose, 3.50 to 4.00; Craw-
tises it at $6, he is a fraud and a El Paso, Illinois, wanting the best box:> more than to the latter place is a ford, Thurber, Belle of Georgia, Chinese
swindler. So is the road when it price for 100 boxes of oranges f. o. b. question that a rate builder can't ex- Free, 3.00 to 3.50; pears, 5.00 to 0.00 bar-
practically does the same thing. "I'll in that city. El Paso is eighty-five plain. rel; 1.00 to 1.50 crate; muskmelons
kick." So he This is of bad Charleston 2.50 to 3.00; watermelons,
commenced to kick. miles south of Chicago on the Illinois a plain statement a
large, 23 to 28c.; eggplant, 3.00 to 5.00;
He was informed that the rate was all Central main line. The rate to El principle running through the freight onions, basket 1.25 to 1.50; barrel, 2.50
right and was referred to Circular No. Paso was not given in any of the rate i department of the roads in Florida. to 2.75; squash, 75c. to 1.00; tomatoes,
12 issued by the J., T. & K. W. sheets in the office nearest the grower, The merchant who would not give a 1.00 to 1.50; pineapples 12 to 15c.
system. The circular was entitled so he induced the agent to write to discount on 100 bales of hay from the PALMER, RIVENBURO & Co.#

"Arbitraries." They must have con headquarters for a rate, which he did price of one bale, would not be patronized CHICAGO
sulted Webster for the name-"Des-; in words and figures, to-wit : ; and why a railroad can't July 11.
California Navel oranges, choice, 4.25
potic; bound by no law; tyrannical, "Want rate for 100 boxes of or- carry 100 boxes or 10 boxes cheaper to 4.50peaches; % bu., 75 to 1.00; Flor-
imperious, unlimited." The name anges from to El Paso, Illinois." than i box, is a question now before ida pines, fancy, crate 12.00 to 13.00;
fits it exactly; very appropriate for a It took the freight rate builder sometime the house for consideration. watermelons, car, 175 to 200; per 100
system of robbery. It could not have to get down to business, but in RURAL. large, 25.00; squash, bushel, 1.00 to 1.15;
.
tomatoes, Hiss., 4-basket case, choice,
been made a better fit if made to order.
the course of human events an answer
1.00 potatoes, California 1.60
Sale of Fruit in London.As ; new sack
To show that this isolated
was not an was received as follows : "Subject- to 1.75; Mobile, Peerless, barrel, ;2.50! ;
case, one party in DeLand paid Rate for 100'boxes of oranges to El this trade is in its infancy, shippers onions, Bermuda, bushel, 1.00; Louisiana
$54 more than the regular rate because Paso. Ill., from -, Fla., car lot may easily avoid a mistake into barrel, 2.00; California, red, 2-bu.

his goods came to Palatka over ((300 boxes), 73c a box; less than car which the Tasmanian shippers fell, sack, 1.25 to 1.50.- .

the Georgia Southern. This party's lots, $1.15 a box." Such a rate-sheet and one which they have been at great ST. Louis '
name'is Painter. But pur kicker kepton should be placed in a glass jar together trouble to remedy. They handed July 11.
Southern
Peaches, K-bu.t 60 to 90
without regard to cost and their fruit number of brok-
kicking to
with the rate-builder and a great
put
cents; home-grown, bushel, 2.00 to 3.00;
he set the Interstate Commerce Com on> a shelf in the museum for mum kers for disposal. If shippers consign pears, J -bu., .75 to 1.25; melons, car,
mission to kicking, and in a little mies.If. their parcels to various brokers indis- choice, 150 to 160; per 100, 18 to 25$;
while the kicker got this $9.54 back. criminately, these brokers must, neces- cantaloupes, choice dozen, 1.25 to 1.50;
potatoes, Tennessee, barrel, 2.25 to 2.50
sarily, sell all their fruit at the same ;
that is the of 'onions Southern sack, 1.10 to 1.20
principle rate-sheets, ;
Rural has shown how one industrythe tIme, thus dividing the buyers and
squash, consigned not wanted tomatoes
; ,
is it
and it
be
abolished
( ) ought to or
,
roads are trying to boycott, pun- lowering prices by reducing the com- ,choice, case, 1.25 to 1.50.P. .
terminate reformed altogether and at once. this the M. KlELY & Co.
ish or crush as the case may petition. In way monopolyvalue
so we will ramble on to another Such a principle is a very bad one, attaching to Cape fruits is almost
and if practiced in any other businessit CINCINNATI, July 11.
more shameful. A gentleman of some wholly lost.Shippers. /
selected Francis five miles would bring bankruptcy and dis- should with their Peaches choice 3.60 to 3.50; potatoes,
means honor. Suppose Rural should write arrange Rose, 2.00 to 2.25 barrel; onions, Southern -
'
west of Palatka, for a turpentine farm. agents so as to avoid this source of ; sack 1.10 to 1.25; tomatoes Tennessee
Mr. B. of "What is
He built stills, houses, and broughtsome to Jacksonville, large and absolute loss to them. : choice 1.75 to 2.25 bushel;; melons,
people to the place. The town the lowest price for 100 barrels of The Cape Fruit Syndicate will be choice, car, 150 to 200; per 100, 15.00 to
celebrated Insecticide?" and 25.00.:;
took on new life, the vacant houses your glad to give every information on this .
were .occupied and considerable suppose Mr. B. should reply J point, and will take charge of shipments MINNEAPOLIS4- July 10.

money set in circulation. After this "MR.-RURAL, DEAR SIR: .In reply or recommend what. course Peaches, box, 1.50 to 1.80;:pineapples,
infant industry was born it soon had > to yours inquiring for the lowest should be pursued to avoid this result. Florida, dozen, 2.00 to 225. :



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550 -.Y THE FLORIDA DISPATCH,' FARMER AND FRUIT-GRCXVVEK [JULY 14, 1892



Our Y oun FolI\s. Woolen Against Lead. were captured and killed. It is all in 'about 28 degrees north and may be

\ The Yaqui Indians long since used tacticS right to exterminate the "varments," regarded as exceptional instances.

in war that were unknown to civi but we can't see why people who That section of the State is regardedas

Saved by his Horse. lized troops. In a former uprising they thrive by catching big ones should too far north to permit of the per-
were attacked by Gen. Pesquerias, who
About five miles south of Plattsmouth, was much amused to see the savages use thus recklessly shut off future crops.- manent successful cultivation of the

Nebraska, is one of the most dangerous blankets as a shield against the soldiers' San Antonio Herald.A fruit. Further south, though, the

pieces of road in the whole country, and bullets. Holding up theblanket. at both visit Robert's banana flourishes and as good, if not
Mr. Albert
to pine
while in some seasons of the :year it is ends, so that the edge just touched the even better, profits are possible, without -
safe for traveling at others it is all aman's ground the Indian riflemen marched apple plantation discloses the fact that much from frosts. There Jt:
life is worth to go over it. The boldly toward him behind their apparently he has seventeen acres of land readyfor so danger i\f
is the business and in
cause of this is a quicksand which lies flimsy protection. The Mexican the slips. With a foresight whichis big money in .
directly across the road which is used in general was soon alarmed, however, to creditable to novice he the southern end of the peninsula it :
the fall of the year but is abandoned in find that his bullets did not stop the very a pro- must soon reach large proportions.-
the spring and summer. strange advance, and the moving fort of poses planting the whole improvementwith Mirror of Commerce.
To prevent strangers from getting into blankets soon came so close to him and ; various kinds of tropical fruit
trouble there is generally board at poured in such deadly fire that he was I trees. Among others there will be Wishing to ascertain the facts in

the forks warning them of their danger.In with fain to fly loss.the field m confusion become and avocado pears, sapodillas, mangoes, regard to average returns, we madeour
some manner this signboard was removed great Yaquishad
the old himself
choice lemons
Tangerine and to pioneer ,
and the result was that acquainted with the simple fact that oranges way
Girard, who lives at Joplin, Missouri Henry, while a bullet will pass through twenty and limes. By the time these are in Captain T. E. Richards, the heaviest

came near losing his life. blankets strained over a frame or laid bearing he can afford to give them all and best posted shipper on the'river.

Girard says.: against a firm surface, it will not pene- the space and clear more land for He very kindly furnished us with a
"I was coming to Plattsmouth to trans- trate a single one if moistened and hung
pines. Contractor Bird is doing the copy of his returns for the last nine
so as toswing clear of the ground.The .
act some business regarding some landsin up
work and has finished the made him. Remember
which I have an interest, and, as I bullets which Gen._ Pesquerias imagined creditably shipments by
wanted to see the land, I concluded to were passing through the Indian wharf. Tropical Sun. these returns are not selected on ac-

come on horseback. The horse is a regular blankets and thinning the ranks of the count of the fine showing they make,
The pineapple sheds around Or-
pet and is one raised by myself. He savages, were all falling harmlessly on but consist of nine consecutive ship-
the woolen bulwarks.-San FranciscoCall. lando have been yielding $2,000
comes at my call or whistle like a dog. per all fruit
ments or shipped by CaptRichards
"When I got to the forks of the road I acre, and some of them have gone be- ,
via the East Coast Trans-
that the river road not used but
saw was yond that figure, including the sale of
that the travel went over the hill, but I plants. The two varieties principallygrown portation Company, from May 24 to
concluded to along the bank and Mate eWs
go the Smooth and June 15 :
that I could with- are Cayenne
thought pick my way ..
out trouble. I got down off my horse b/ T V Abakka. It has been found also that May 24,to Redfield&Son, Phila." S crates If $ 39.60
Tobacco cutting goes on briskly be- May 31, Redfield& Son, 10 9105
and turned him loose to follow me as I these varieties when under cover will June 2, Blake& Ripley, Boston, 16 'If ..165.30
.
walked along. He stopped to graze andI tween the showers, and some planters ripen fruit the round and although June 4, E. M Travis&Co., N.Y. 2 II ,
walked slowly, watching the river. have nearly all their crops housed.Mr. year June 4, C. H. Fennerstein, Phila If II 36.12
I fewer in winter, yet they bring June o, Barnard&Edwards, Chic. 18 154.00
Having got some distance ahead, I sat C. H. Nauman has sold over June 9, Pace, Huff& Co.,Cinn. 53 If 371.00June
down to wait for him. How long I sat higher prices. In summer there is a ii, Blake& Ripley, Boston, 10 If 101.34
there I do not know, butrl was suddenly $1,500 worth of pineapple slips and cool moisture under these sheds, witha June 15, E. R. Nicholls&C ,Chic.io8 II 8,3.4.10

aroused by finding that my legs were suckers this season.-I. R. Advocate.All rippling sunlight playing throughthe -227 $1,818.01-

firmly grasped by the quicksand. I was the experienced tobacco growers overhead slats, that is conduciveto
The for which
slowly but surely being drawn into the average price 227
earth. say that this year's crop will yield succulent and luxuriant growth of crates were sold was $8.09 per crate,

"I threw myself on my back and triedto the largest per cent. of wrappers of plant, and extra size and tender lusci as shown by the above returns. Ad-

draw myself from the sand, but all any ever grown. This is encouraging, ousness to the fruit.-New Smyrna mitting that the deductions for freight,
my efforts were unavailing, and I was and if the crop is properly cured it commission
slowly being drawn under. I shoutedfor Inlet.Mr. or express charges, cart-
will
help until almost exhausted, but I pay handsomely.-Gadsden Dem- G. H. Trusdel, on his farm age, etc., amounts to $3.09 per crate,

could get no response and was forced to ocrat. near Sanford, Fla., six years ago put we have left in round numbers the

believe that my last hour had come. It While the weather is becoming too out banana plants on one-third of an sum of $5 per crate, for the averagenet

was late in the evening and I wondered hot for endurance in the Northern acre of ground which he had thor- returns. This figure is, we be-
horse did not I called
why ; come.
him time my and again,but he was evidentlytoo States, the record proves that the hot- oughly drained for the purpose. The lieve, below the true average, for late

far away to hear me. test day of the dreaded month of July variety was the Dwarf Cavendish.The shipments will bring much higher

"As I lay there, sinking deeper and shows maximum of only 99 degreesat first crop of bananas matured the prices; but as Captain Richards has

deeper every minute, I heard a party ofpeople Pensacola in the last twelve years. second year from planting, but it was had considerable experience in pine-
the river. It appeared to be
pleasure on party of young folks, and as a -News. the third year before any financial results apple growing and shipping, it is not

they floated down the stream they were The Columbia county rice crop, were attained. That season he unlikely he has been able to secure

singing. The song came distinctly over amounting possibly to about a thou. realized $600 gross, with expenses not returns a trifle higher than those of

the water, but for some reason I could sand acres, is reported doing far bet. exceeding $50. At this rate $1,800 the average grower. Taking every-

not make them hear, and they passed ter than could be expected after the could be made on an acre at an expense thing into consideration, we think our
down the river singing 'Home, Sweet
Home,' while I lay there thinking I had long drouth as some crops have had of $150, leaving a margin of estimate of $5 per crate net, as the

seen my home for the last time. By this but little rain since planted.-Lake $1,650. For some reason or other average price realized for the pine-

time the sand had pulled me down untilit City Tobacco Plant.A the cultivation of the banana was apple crop, is a safe and conservative'

was almost up to my shoulders, and I given up at this point. Dwight D. figure.-Indian River Advocate.
seining party made a raid on the
with out in order to
lay arms spread
give as much my resistance to the terrible famous bream pond of Mr. W. W. Porter, Esq., in Orange county, real- .

suction as possible."I Witt a few days ago and landed, according ized in the season before last from $300to Ho! Traveler, take BEECIIAM'S. PILLS with
thought I heard my horse and to Mr. W.'s statement, 1,875 $400 on an acre. These farms are you. '
called with all my might, giving a peculiar -
fish which from
weighed 6J to 7
whistle which I had taught him to
answer. He heard me, and came run pounds. Fifty-six people dined at

ning to where I lay, but could not see me the hospitable board of Mr. Witt that PAR ES I Scan (CONSUMPTION THE BRAIN

on the ground where I was in the hole day, and while they ate to satiety offish
calledhim ;;;}
as it was rather dark by this time. I
again and agam until he found no diminution of the pile was certainly be cured by only one thing, namely; PBOF.PHZLFS' great discovery, .

where I was, and then he came to me perceptible.-Madison Recorder.Mr. .

and I tried to reach up and get some sort L. F. Domoric,the wealthy New PAINE'S CELERY COMPOUND.Saved

of a hold on'the saddle or bridle, but I Yorker, who paid $50,000 for Supt.B. .
too low. Just then he and I
was turned Dear Sir.-I feel It duty to tell you
R. Swoope's magnificent From the Insane Asylum. my
got a firm hold on his long tail and told orange what Paine Celery Compound did for me. can't praise It enough. About&year ago my
him to go. It was an awful pull, butI grove on Lake Minnehaha, at Mait- head troubled me so that It.seemed as though should be crazy. It was caused by over-
could feel that I was being dragged out land, is preparing to erect an elegant study. I asked the advice of two doctors,who gave me medicine to no effect,and I did not
of the sand, and at last I was pulled so residence to cost $25,000. He has know what I would do. I did not want. to see anyone,everything seemed so strange. I
far out that I could extricate myself, and had a tired languid feeling,my kidneys troubled me, and I felt badly. I read your advertisement
then held on to his tail until he draggedme already spent many thousand dollarsin In a paper and thought I would try the compound. Before 1 had taken half of one
felt like Four bottles cured me and I would recommend It to all
beautifying the placeand; will soon bottle I a new person.
away from the place, and there I lay that feel the way I did. Yours truly, MBS. J. :E. WILCOX, Rural P.O.,WIs.
until I heard a wagon on the road, and have one of the most charming winter
was brought to this city to recover from homes in Florida.-Gate City Chron Physicians Prescribe It. Dear BtrK-I am much pleased with the action of
the terrible mental and physical suffer- icle. Paine Celery Compound In those cases where the nervous system was broken down from
, ing I endured. It was a narrow overwork mind or body. I hare seen particularly good results where the patient' had
and I do not think I will escape hear 'Gator hunters have been workingthe lost all ambition,no appetite,constipated,could not sleep nights, etc. Three or four cases
ever ; of weak,emaciated,hysterical females have been cured with the Compound. I have observed
'Home Sweet Home' without feeling slews and ponds west of town that It quiets excitable nerves,gives patients better rest, Increases appetite,regulates
thankful-Fort Worth Gazette.If with excellent success of late. Some- bowels,and Is a good remedy to build up broken-down cases generally. Yours truly,
[ Mr. Girard had been an American E. C EDCEBTOX, M. D., Alton* m.
thing thirty alligatorswere .
dude, with a horse whose tail had been over grown It Is sold by aB reliable druggists. WELLS, RICHARDSON,&CO., Props.,Burlington,Yt.
cut off, the result would have been very taken and skinned and we are
different.-EDITOR.. ] told that several hundred baby 'gators Beware of worthless imitations of DIAMOND DY -'S.



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.' .:> '# : '7 :. '.' ,:':-" :. ..... ..:: ., _


Duty 14, 1892J ,THE FLORIDA DISPATCH' FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. 551

..
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be copper, coated with tin, and the ([and towels) in lifting hot kettles or where the ants could find it. In a
Our l\Ul'al I fiome. tin be worn off so as to expose the pans. Never take hold of these with short time he had the sickest lot of
"" copper, thus producing local currents the: dish-cloth, as. you wish to keep ants he ever saw, and they incontinently -
Poison in Ice Cream. that dissolve the copper." that: important kitchen appliance free "vamosed the ranch."
from pot black and grease. By taking *
There is much food for reflection in
Stale Bread. some simple precautions the cook- How to Kill Roaches.
the suggestion made by Dr. GeorgeS. The question of what becomes of ing vessels can be washed with almostas For Our Rural Home.
Hull in the Medical News that the the pins is an old one, but how many much ease as your china service. Perhaps some of your readers will
t A. modern ice cream freezer, when filled people stop to consider what becomesof Pots and stew-pans wash easily if hot be anxious to know how to get rid of
:% all the stale bread which the bakersare is into them
with cream is in reality a galvanic water poured just as soon the pestersome cockroaches that i infest
-- unable to sell? as the food is taken out. It is the some of our houses here in the Sunny
battery. The cream, especially if Nearly all the large bakeries now dried and hardened bits of vegetables South.I .
saline, or if mixed with fruits, eggs, have a system by which they take that stick so firmly. was told that if I would scatter
etc., becomes the corrosive electrolyte; back the bread which the retailer is -t-m-t- powdered borax on my shelves it
and the zinc and tin, zinc and copper, unable to dispose of. Much of this Oatmeal and Oranges.No i would kill them. I did so abundantly '
or any other two metals of the paddlesand second day stock is sold to poor people sort of food is better for the I and yet had roaches.
freezer, become the positive and at three cents a loaf and then whatis complexion than oatmeal and oranges. One day one of our neighbor women
negative elements of the battery. Dr. left over the third day is dried over was reading in a paper that cucumber
Hull has by experiment proved thatan the oven and ground into bread The finest complexions in the worldare peeling laid around for them to eat
electrical action takes place in crumbs. This has become quite an those of the Italian and Spanish would kill them, when a new idea
freezers under such circumstances, industry, indeed in some instances it ladies, wKo live largely on coarse- struck her and she tried it to her satis-
and, if electrical action, then of course pays better to grind all the bread into grained food and fruit like the orangeor faction.
chemical action, resulting in the in- crumbs than to sell it at reduced price. > banana. It is said that the fact is She cut slices of cucumber and
troduction into the cream of highly There is a quic market for bread becoming appreciated in the East, and chopped them a little on the top to
poisonous salts of copper or of zinc. crumbs, especially in winter, among that some New York ladies, to acquireand make the borax adhere better, then -
The News contains also the reportsof hotel keepers and restaurants, so says preserve a good complexion, are spread them thick with the borax, and
Drs. Mitchell and Hyndman of the Philadelphia Record, but alas, living almost entirely on oranges. placed them where the insects could .
Cincinnati, and the discussion in the there is also a ready market for bread Half a dozen for breakfast, with a cup get them. When she did not have
Cincinnati Academy of Medicine con- crumbs among private families ; not of coffee, a dozen for lunch, with a cucumbers, she used watermelons in-
cerning the terrible Snook-Herr poisoning only among the wealthy who have no glass of miik and a saucer of oatmeal, stead. .
cases that occurred near Louis- i immediate need of economizing, but and a dozen more for supper, with a The result was her house was
: that still class of house- crust of bread and a sip of tea, may she could
ville about two months ago. Our among larger cleaned of the pests, for
readers may-remember that some sixty wives who from carelessness, from not be high living in the proper sense scoop them up by the handful. Of
lack of of the value of of the word, but such a course of diet this like all others
wedding guests were poisoned, the appreciation course, plan, requires
bridegroom and several others fatally. little savings, or the mistaken notion will bring a complexion of peach and plenty of perseverance. The
The cause of the poisoning still re (which all servants hold) that economyand ivory which will drive almost any belle only security against vermin is 'constant -
mains a profound mystery. The editor stinginess are synonymous.No out of her head with envy.-St. Louis watchfulness-and a plastered
throws out the suggestion that Dr. family need ever buy bread Globe-Democrat. house. .
.
.
Hull's experiments and theory may crumbs who will save the pieces and
possibly lead to an explanation of the either dry them in the oven and crumb Pure Water. How to Part the Hair.A .
strange facts. The ingenious sugges- them ready for use and keep in a glass For Our Rural Home: fancy has arisen for a parting in
tion is also made by the editor that of jar or keep the pieces in a bag hung Where water is standing in vessels I' the hair. Few women can stand one
two persons eating cream from the near the kitchen range. in a sick room, a slight solution of just in the center of the head, for that
same freezer one may be killed by the The former method is to be preferred copperas should be added in order to requires a good forehead, a perfectly
poison in the cream and the other I as when prepared one will purify the room, and is useful also topre.ent outlined pair of eyebrows and a straightnose.
unharmed, by reason of the fact that often use them when they might not persons from contagious dis- However, the hair can parted
the stiff and pasty cream would not otherwise, and many dishes are far eases. All medicines that are dissolved on the top of the head a little to one
permit thorough mixture and dissemi-- more delicate when they are added. with water should be kept cov- side, or indeed, if it is becoming, very
nation of the poison throughout the --.-I ered or corked up in vials. Wheneverone much to one side, and the parting not
whole mass except after prolonged Hints For Washing Dishes. wishes to purify a room or foul allowed to come through the short
stirring and mixing. Dr. Hull's theory One of the most wearisome domestic : place, a shallow tub partially filled fringe which is just over the forehead,
presupposes that the toxic matter is tasks which falls to the housewife with water will answer the purpose and which produces a softening effect.
thrown off into the cream when it doing her own work is the "never well.All Few women can afford to do withoutthe
stands over night or for a number of ending, still beginning" washing of drinking water is better filtered.A bang, which is, when properly cut
hours in connection with the two met- dishes. It is often a real pleasure to cheap way is to get a sheet of cot- and becomingly arranged, decidedly
als in the freezer. The conclusions : prepare a dainty, palatable meal; a ton batting and place it over a jug or the: most universally becoming mode
of Dr. Hull's study are thus summar- well earned satisfaction in viewing the jar| as this will help to purify it to a that: has ever been known.-Ladies' "
ized: work of one's hands in the light, sweet large extent. Two grains of powderedalum Home Journal.M. .
"i. If we desire the smallest quan- loaves of white or brown bread, the to a gallon of water is good, and .r
tity of metallic poison in our icecreamand roast of flesh or fowl, done to a turn, about the right proportion; this will Vollman, of the Vollman
still keep in use our modern the perfect cake, quivering custards, secure the precipitation of any foreign Sponge Company, of New York, re-
freezer we should see that the ingre- etc. But not one of these toothsome matter; take a silver five-cent piece turned home to-night on the Mascotte.He .
dients are pure, that the mixture is viands can be brought to pass withoutthe and measure out four grains; this will has been here two weeks purchasing -
frozen quickly and the paddle at once aid of various pots, spoons, cups, hold that amount, and will answer fora sponge. He found the market
removed. etc., all to be cleaned for perhaps immediate measure very well in the absence of flattering, and has purchased every
"2. The quantity of poisonous saltsis use again. suitable scales.In cargo offered except one or two small
increased by acid mixtures, especially They must be washed by hands already our country it is a very importantmatter ones; in all about $30,000 worth.
by the addition of eggs, cornstarch, weary-for modern invention, to consider-that of the wateras The prices paid were very fair, aver-
etc. The addition of salt for flavor- fertile as it is, has not yet, to our much sickness might be pre- aging $1.65 per pound, or about $2
made vented by proper attention to this string, as the spongers reckon it.
ing purposes, as by some manu knowledge, produced an automatic per
facturers, becomes criminal, and dish-washer and drier. It is discour- matter. Many of our wells are what The sponges are fair quality, many of
it is grossly careless to allow any of aging, and few things sooner bring the might be termed overshot wells, as them very fine. One cargo netted the
the salt water from the outside to get tired housekeeper's spirits down to they are so near the surface as to men $66 a share at the prices paid,
into the can. If as a result of fer- zero than a kitchen full of sticky, greatly drain the soil. It is simply while others did not bring so much.
wonderful how little sickness there is Had the made good haulson
mentation, ice-cream should contain greasy, unwashed dishes greeting heras spongers
tyrotoxicon then it must be acid, and, she rises from breakfast or dinner, in the State, in spite of all disadvan- their last trip their profits would
on this account, will dissolve still and in addition to the dishes used tages, and proves, without doubt, that have been very fair. The firm of
more zinc or copper. upon the family table. Rinse out fry- the climate of Florida will work won- Vollman & Co. is the only one not
"The quantity of metal dissolved ing-pans, kettles, etc., with very hot ders. SUBSCRIBER. interested in the sponge trust and they
.
depends upon the length of time the water to take off the grease. Chain T. have had a buyer in this market since
paddle is left in the can, or, if the dishcloths readily take off whatever To Sicken Ants.A the first of the year. The outlook of
can has a zinc-coated bottom and tin sticks to the side of stew-pans or pots, writer in the Scientific Americansays the sponge industry is bright enough if
sides, the length of time the cream or a clam shell may answer the same he mixed tartaric emetic and su, it were not for the muddy water pre
remains in it, or the amount of elec- purpose. Keep several thick holders gar in equal parts, with enough water, vailing at the sponge grounds.-Key
trical action-will again vary if the can rear the stoves\ to save your hands to make a thick paste, and placed i il t; West Equator.



f
F .


652' I THE FLORIDA DISPATCH, FARMER AND- FRWT-: (IROWER.: [JuLT ,1892.

. .

lishment} of a leper hospital at Mullet Dr. Burgess, an agent of the Florida PLANT DIGESTION.

; :C ocd fiealth. Kty is suggested.VITAL State Board, is in Havana and all per --
:, The Great Question of Muck and
,.. STATISTICS.It sons to whom he gives certificates of

State Board of Health-Third An- is much to be ert t ed that the acclimation are passed at Mullet Key .Anti-Muck. .

nual Report. County Boards do not better attend to without detention. But their baggage, Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower. f

It appears,that yellow fever was in the collection of these, and it is believed if destined for any point south of! Philosophers have elaborated a the-
Washington, is detained and disin-
that this
Florida four times during the year exceedingly important fected and ory that fits the phenomena of cause
work will never be well done until it sent on up to Tampa,
1891, but the vigilance of the State is done by paid officers under the reaching there a few hours after the and effect, but of the real essence of

Board, ably seconded by a few of the direction of the State Board. Onlyten steamer. If the baggage is to go to matter ,we know nothing. Individualand

points north Washington, it is not indestructible atoms of infinite
counties In these
county boards, quietly put a cordon reported. 120
disinfected but is marked with a pecu- littleness are imagined, and two or
died from typhoid fever 262 from
around it without alarming the people. ; of these less
atoms
liar check which directs all baggage- more more or
consumption (199 natives and 63 residents -

CASES. from a few days up to one year); masters to keep it moving without loosely joined together form molecules,

On November 3 there was a case 102 from pneumonia, and 85 from delay. (This seems unjust to those while aggregations of molecules are

reported in Jacksonville, just arrived heart disease. points, but the idea appears to be that perceptible to the senses. -

they are in little danger of contagion.) By extreme pressure all the gases
from Bluefields Nicaragua, but he QUARANTINE SERVICE
From to November vessels It will readily be seen that this arrangement have been artificially solidified, and
May
was confined at the Sandhills Hospitaland 215 a tremendous re science traces all solid matter back to a
were inspected at the Mullet Key station reposes
treated until he recovered.On sponsibility in Dr. Burgess.The period of volatile incandesence. On a
some were released some fumi-
; ,
October IS a German bark went gated 2,620 and 5,278 Plant steamers are not allowed middle ground between the fiery chaosof I
; passengers
to within a certain distance of the uncreated things and the frigid sil-
ashore near Fernandina: with the cap- seamen on vessels from infected ports go
examined and without shore at Havana. They are not fumigated ence of a dead and lifeless world, appears _
were passed
tain and one man convalescing from
the manifestation of terrestriallife.
trip, but frequentlyaservice
detention. The fact that no sickness every
yellow fever from which three of the I .
,
was admitted this well for to which the officers are noth--
way argues
crew had died since the bark left the i inspection. Fees for quarantine ing loth, as it destroys all vermin ALL LIFE COMES FROM PLANTS.

Kingston, Jamaica. The survivorswere service were received to the amount of aboard the ships, thoroughly purifyingthem. As plants alone have the power of

quarantined on the island and $3,642.50 and the expenses were elaborating from inorganic or simple
The station six All other vessels are carefully in- forms the complex organic
sent to the Quarantine Station at Sa- $3,961.03. employs more
persons including the physician spected at Mullet Key, and, if neces- forms that become food for microbes,
pelo. The Nassau Board
County Besides this there is a coast inspectionby sary, fumigated, and all persons on insects and animals, I will first con-

bought the stranded bark and burned officers under small salaries at board detained in quarantine for sev- sider some of the processes by which i

it. Manatee, Sarasota, Boca Grande and eral days. Their baggage is disin they accomplish It.

On July 14 the steamer Nigretia arrived Punta Rassa. fected, then they are required to Appended to this article you will

at Pensacola from Vera Cruz, The State quarantine steamer Mis- change their clothing and that which find a table of some of the organic

soe is constantly cruising from Pensa- they were wearing is disinfected.A substances most commonly found, and
with fever board her
yellow on though cola to Key West, watching for illicit DEFECTIVE ARRANGEMENT.We of the chemical compounds that aid in

captain denied it. She was sent to landings at small ports, and the State forming them. Beginning with the

Chandelieur Quarantine Station. Health Officer, Dr. J. Y. Porter, says, ine have been permitted to exam- I seed and its embryo, we will look at
voluminous of
On December 3 the schooner Warren in reply to his critics and misinformed a mass correspondence the process ofGERMINATION
the British
people generally, that if they would relating to "tramp
Adams arrived at Fernandina from steamer" Robinson, whose Captainwas AND GROWTH.
make just one trip along the coast in
de Cuba with his enforced Probably the most exhaustive studyof
Santiago her captain so angry at fumigation -
the hot, stuffy cabin, in the burningsun
sick with yellow fever. Assistant a few weeks ago. He came from this subject has been in the exam-
with the
myriads of mosquitoesand
State Health Officer Horsey placedthe sudden the Cape Verde Islands to Key West, ination of malt, to determine how
squalls springing
they
'vessel in quarantine and attendedthe would up, and in the absence of Dr. Porter, much of the fermenting process was
want no more of it.
captain until he died, when the State Health Officer, the County Port due to the vitality of the grain itself.
HEALTH BOARDS.
vessel was ordered to Sapelo. Some of the seaboard counties, containing Inspector gave him permission to go The embryo containing the albu-
to Punta Gorda and load phosphate minous protoplasm or life energy is
cities
which have
SMALL POX. had ex-
i without having his vessel fumigated.But surrounded by carbohydrates, as starchor
On April 27 one case occurred in i perience with yellow fever, have cooperated at Punta Gorda the Captain found oil, in,a comparatively dry state.

Jacksonville, but was isolated and with the State Board, ren- the State Health Officer, who com Starch and cellular tissue, the wood

vaccination enforced in the vicinity, dering efficient and valuable service. and fiber of similar in
him be plants, are
pelled to go to Mullet Key to per-
and the case recovered. Ten thousand But many of the Boards in the interior
composition but differ greatlyin
fumigated, to his bitter indignationand centage ,
counties, having had no experiencewith
four
hundred points of vaccine virus molecular
and he arrangement.In
disgust at an expense,
that direful
were furnished by the State Board plague, are disposedto
claimed, of$1,700 extra. the presence of heat and mois-

and there vaccination.is a gain in public sentiment and be additional independent legislation and obstructive is urgently; Now, this wretched piece of work ture, however, this life energy wakesup

favoring recommended arose from the blunder of the CountyPort and the germ sweats an active
DIPHTHERIA. giving the State Board principle similar to itself in composition -
better defined and Inspector, who admitted that he
greater authority. '
Four deaths occurred in the State gave the Captain permission to proceed : called diastase, that adds a mole-

during: the year. FINANCES, ETC because he thought the Cape Verde Islands cule of the water absorbed by the

TYPHOID FEVER. In three years the State has appropriated ate off the coast of England and seed to two molecules of starch, and

$92,000 for the State Board, therefore healthy I This shows how forms a molecule of sugar. The starchis +

The drouth in Florida, which has and of this amount $74,987.15 has discord is likely to spring betweenthe practically insoluble in water, but
up
not been paralleled for twenty years, been expended. A large of this is
part State and County Boards, and the sugar, especially cane sugar,
has doubtless had much to do with the in .
was expended erecting the Mullet soluble.
highly
I that the control of all quarantine mat-
increase of this malady. Several cases Key quarantine station and in the diastase has
As
pur- ters in seaports should be vested in soon as con-
occurred at the great tourist hotels of chasing the steamer Missoe. Duringthe the State Board alone.TO verted the starch into sugar, it beginsto

St. Augustine and Tampa, and the year 1997 letters were written from push it along the line of growth,

Northern press brought them out with the office in Jacksonville by the efficient [ BE CONTINUED.] that is the habit of the plant, and the

display headlines. The State Health clerk, Mr. F. B. Matthews, on sugar, by loss of water and molecular

Officer carefully inspected those hotels whom in fact a large amount of responsible QOOOeQOOOOoiuU's rearrangement, becomes cellular tissue.

and found nothing wrong in their san- work is devolved owing to Tiny Pillso This result can be gained with

itation or drinking water. There were the absence of the State Health Officer sprouted seeds in pots of water, and if

several cases noted in Chicago and Dr. Porter, cruising on the coastor %y the bow-0. the water is supplied with soluble solu-

Havana, and it is quite probible that inspecting ports and vessels. elsshouldbeavoidediitweeakensthelr A:) : tions of a few inorganic substances in
13 powerotmoUon. gentle aperient"effect
the most of these cases originatedthere ADDITIONAL DETAILS. is only required. Tuttfs Tiny very small quantities, the plant will
or at other outside cities, as it is LiTer Pills are prepared with special_
and finish its life func-
Dr. Porter and a psrsqnal friend in views to the permanent cur of perfect seed
highly unlikely that cases would arise
furnish COSTIVENESS and HEADACHE. tions.
Tampa us some points'not
alter so short a stay in Florida as some Q They are mild and remain in the sys-_
THE ASH
of the victims had made. covered fully in the report. All vessels tern until they act on the liTer,cause
except the Plant steamers, coming a natural flow of bile and their tonlo.. of most grains and grasses varies from 4
B properties Impart power to the bowels -...
LEPROSY. from infected or suspected ports, are to remove unhealthy accnmn.a to 8 per cent. of the dry substance
One death occurred at Pensacola in forced tlons. Good appetite and digestion... .
to go to Mullet Key station resultromthense of these little pills._ the balance being compounds'of

May/-and two cases are now under and be inspected and fumigated if Price' ,250.: Office 39 Park Place,N.Y.e'it the gases, hydrogen, oxygen; nitrogen ,.

surveillance in Key3Vest. The estab necessary. As to the Plant steamers, 0 Gee 0 e and carbon dioxide. These gases



r



1F



r

N'

',


4 JTJLT i., 189j 'C FLORIDA DISPATCH, FARMER AND FRUIT -GROWER. 058



:' are conveyed to plants directly or indirectly sue when digested by the microbes of I I of different densities, especially alka i CARBOHYDRATES.Starch .

and Gam........... ....... C6
by the air. decay and the process is more or less bids, to diffuse through membranous ( RIO OS) N
Glucose Fruit
( Sugar Grape Sugar.C6) Hia O6
In view of the fact that -terrestrial incomplete when excluded from air tissues and reach an equilibrium. This Cane Sugar. ................ .......CiaHaaOii
Cellulose..............................Cu 1124 Ota
plants' can be grown in water aloneth or submerged in water. It is curious, force is weak, however, with the col Saccharic Add.........................C6HioOS
primary however, that after being arrested by loids or gummy liquids, of which are VOLATILE OILS.

OFFICE OF' THE SOIL these limitations exposure to the air the albumenoids. Under the influence Benzene............................ .....C6 HIS
Napthaline ................................CioHS
is to provide a solid foundation will continue oxidization without the of the digestive ferments the albume Citrene ............ ......................CIO HI6
support for their growth, and seconda an daid of ferm'ents. noids become soluble and the albu I Hoperidin ............................CaalLriOnFATS.

rily to afford a reservoir for th I would give the first place in cone moses are soluble in a solution of sulphate Palmitin............................... 51119806
water and sidering its benefits to the fact that of ammonia, while the peptonesare Olein ........... .....................C57HI04O6
gaseous compounds depos Stearin............. C57HioiO6ALBUMENOIDS.
it is an absorber conductor and retainer soluble in water. These to me
ited by the air, and of the heat radi ., .
of heat. are most interesting facts. There is
ated by the sun, its minor office LZOW 3 TIMES THIS TOAit7S.C72 : .
} being to yield the small percentagesof A WARM SOIL an analogy between the results of artificial 11112 S Ni8 Oaa

metals needed by vigorous vegeta is of the first importance in the assim- chemical action and plant di 53.5 Urea P.C.....7.0....p.c.....,...I.9P-C........,...15.5.....P.C.....C, U.aa.4p.c.N2 0
gestion, but none as far as known Uric Acid............................CSH4N403
tion.Of ilation of carbon dioxide from the air Cadarerine .............................C5Hi4 N2
the physical properties of the and the formation of plant tissue. between the processes. Putrescine.............................C4 HI2 N2
Mydatoxine........... ...............C6 HijNOa
soil I will say little. The most necessary Sachs says that Indian corn first PLANTS WORK Nicotine...............................CIO Hi4 NI
Morphine...........................CI7 N
is that of the carbon-dioxide with minimum vital HI9 03
furnishing roots begins to decompose at a expenditure of Quinine ............................<:20 H24 N2 OJ
bf plants a steadySUPPLY 50F. and pot experiments have energy, the heat evolved by their Strychnine........................<:21 H22 N2 OJ
3 .......... .
Nitric Acid .. .............NHOj
OF MOISTURI.f shown that chilling the soil without chemical transpositions being neutral Ammonia. ......................... ......N H3 .
f approaching the freezing point will ized by their intense evaporation. Ammonium. ... .. ... ......................N 14
Hellriegel found that the water ex- 1 Carbonate.N H4)) aCOj
haled by a barley plant was times cause plants to wilt or even die that During the day they absorb carbon Sulphate ....... ........(N Hi)23: 04II -

its weight of dry matter and 310 Knop are otherwise well cared for. dioxide to build up tissue and throw Nitrite Chloride..N......................N U.14 02 CIII
Secondly, is the ability of a humus off oxygen gas. During the night It Nitrate....... .............N H403I
estimated that a grass plant in a dry Potassium Oxide............................K2 0
day would exhale its weight in water. soil to they excrete carbon di-oxide, whichis I Nitrate. ..................... It N 03
the and Carbonate ...................Ka C 03
These facts show how exceedinglydilute RETAIN CHEMICAL FERTILIZERS, apparently waste or wear Sulphate......................JC2 S 04
tear of their digestion. They haveno .. Chloride ......... .................KC1
solutions of the inorganic elements and in this connection is the chief in the animal Sodium Chloride ............................Na Cl
a plant can utilize in elaborate it. excrements sense. Carbonate .....................Naa C 03Acid
misapprehension concerning To be sure, the leaves and fibrous Sulphate .............Naa S 04-
ing its structure. Liebig taught that the alkalies foundin *T (Bi-Sulphate).......... Na H S 04
The carbon dioxide which, deoxidized roots are shed annually with perennial Sulphuric Add............... .........Ha S 04
absorbed
bases for the
plants are as
but substances Sulphur di Oxide..S OJ
and combined with the elementsof acids but assumed that the plants, nitrogenous are Hydrogen Sulphide.........................HaS
vegetable stored in the tissues like the fat of .. ....... ..... .
tissues Water. .. .... .. .... .- ......HI 0
water, forms the woody of carbon acids were formed entirely by animals toxic individual Hydrochloric Add.........................HC1
largely as or
plants is derived mainly from the air the plants themselves from within, C,Carbon ; O. Oxygen ; 11. Hydrogen; N NI-
The quantity of carbon-dioxide in principles of the plants, as instancedin trogen: S, Sulphur; K, Potassium; Na,Sodium;
while stating that the so called humic
CL, Cblonne.
coffee tobacco
opium, quinine, etc.
the air is about
6-10,000 by weight or
acids were the product of laboratory Chemical solutions may become decomposed 1 m t
twenty-eight tons suspended over each LADIESNeeding
chemical and do
decomposition not
by diffusion and osmose in a tonic or children who want building '
acre. The supply absorbed by plantsis should take
represent the true state of humus in up.
the soil
and the rootlets have .
plant BROWN'S IRON BITTERS.It
given back by decaying vegetation. the soil, which is practically insoluble.The less la pleasant; cures Malaria Indigestion,
to
more or power accept or rejectthe
This and
Biliousness Liver Complaints Neuralgia.A
chemical elements, however, are elements they need. The chemical -
CARBONIC ACID GAS also insoluble and often locked up by
action and readjustment of the -
is chiefly absorbed by the stomata or the humus, so that his position is con rejected elements has led observers to LARGE SIZE CRAYON PORTRAIT

microscopic mouths found on the un tradictory.
conclude the combinations -
erroneously new Of Yourself or Friend FREE.
der side of the leaves where, in the
SOIL ACIDS. .
of it is transformedby were excretory products.E. F We will make a large size Cray-:
presence sunlight,
When brown or black humus is S. HUBBARD.
Free of of
the chlorophyll into R on portrait, charge,
granules carbohydrates
boiled with dilute carbonate of soda
or friend. "We,,do this in
of which starch and cellu. HYDROCARBONS). E yourself
lose solid forms oils and solution the resulting brown liquid Methane(Harsh Gas.C 114 j order to introduce our work in

are gums contains ulmic or humic acid. When Ethane.....................................Ca 116 E. section of the
; sometimes being associated with them. Ethylene............................... ....<:2 H4 your country.
these acids are precipitated crenic and
Boussingaulc suggested the hypothesis ALCOHHOLS. IaIIB'1i38S OUAItAftTBBD.Our .
t apocrenic acids are found in the re Methyl (Wood) ............................C H4 0
that carbonic acid and
water may siduum. These acids when combined Ethyl (Spirit).............................C2 1160 Crayons are made by a. skilful
possibly be decomposed and deoxidized Rthylene Glycol........................CjH6Oj
simultaneously C02 H20 with bases, potash, soda, ammonia, Glycerol (Glycerine).....................CJ HS 03 artist and is a work of art.
+ = etc., are neutral and chiefly insolubleand ACIDS. 49-Thls offer la only for a short time.' If

COH2+Oa. This multiplied by 12 this Succinic: Acid ............................C4 H604 you want a picture enlarged send in
with excretion of the Oz into the air although phase of the subjecthas Malic Acid..............................CH6O5 your photograph, at once,to theOroido
I been but little investigated, analogy Tartaric Acid............................C4H6O6 HJ.Kh Art Co..
equals Ci2 H24 012. One molecule I would indicate that a portion at least Citric Acid..................... ........C6 HS 07 1.:1:1 Qulncy 11t., Chicago.
of water H2O subtracted from
ot the vegetable acids are derived from
t the latter gives Ci2 H22
cane sugar 1888-1892.
these products of humus and their
On, and two molecules of water, Ct2Hao
Oio, or cellulose, starch and compounds. Plants thrive in the FI ANIft SYSTEM? OF IGATIOn.
black water of peat soils, assimilate .

gum- The as fact the has molecular been conclusively arrangement.de organic coloring matter, grow luxuri- THE MOST EEDHDMIEAt. RELIABLE AND EFFIGIEHT.

monstrated that absorb the antly in the liquor of dung heaps,
plants and Dr. Johnson it is well estab
bulk of their says In Successful Use Since 1888 .
lished that urea, uric acid and glycocollare '

} CARBON FROM THE AIR, absorbed by and nourish agricultural in Orange Groves and Vegetable Gardens in size from six acres to one
but this seems to be almost wholly plants. '..-
' lost of hundred and seventy-five acres.
sight .
} by many agriculturistswho FOOD FOR PLANTS.

believe carbon or humus in the This brings me to a considerationof I have perfected, and tested by use, an arrangement of light steel

soil to be the main source of plant the absorption of the nitrogenous tubes as a substitute for the perishable hose.JAMES.
food. and his followers
Liebig compounds that vitalize the life prin- FRANKLIN,
claimed that humus .
was totally unes-
'
ciple of vegetation. In this
sential and it respect .. Montverde Fla. .
proved by growing perfect ,
they seem to be omnivorous but
,
with chemicals in the absence
plants
though the lower orders, like the GENUINE RIPLEY
t of organic matter. ,
grasses, seem to thrive on anythingthat
and others contendedthat
DeSaussure

it was absorbed but proved it only ; offers chemicals, yet are experience best fitted indicatesthat and BLACK JAMAICA and PORTO RICO

partially.THE. healthiest for highly organized plants

MUCK AND ANTI-MUCK like the orange tree. PINEAPPLE SLIPS

controversy still rages in our State, buta It is the nitrogenous energy of plants '
D. T. Valentine Kingston Jamaica. Large
consideration of the subject from all that sucks in, emulsifies and conveysor Imported by ,

points of view would show the benefit forces the juices. The property of slips for July delivery. Address,

: 'of 'humus,to be more mechanical liquids called osmose is doubtless a r ... ., .H.; ,

than .manurial. : Peat or :muck.is*the great aid in this operation, for by this ,_':. : ""1t. .. .> JOHN B.' BEACH, Agent, .,.

I ifinal product of'organic Vegetable: tis- law there i is a tendency among liquids .... 0"...,....Q r...."_... \:'.* ': .- M01bO'Ur1o.. B1_\ .. :



-
.
'- .- ,
.' .. '- -- .
: ',- .' .....



C :_ ? THE ALLIANCE. -' .


"

ORGAN Of THE STaTE FARMERS' imitffiflGE HflD IflDUSTlpIt iflhIO1. .


VoL VL ,, "Agriculture is the Basis of Wealth. No. 28.


Three Dollars a Day or a Farm pleasantly situated, he would be a large per cent. of loss to be taken through organization to increase his
Some farmers say: obliged to pay from $500 to $700 rent. out of a mechanic's wages. wages? Without organization he
"If I could get $3 a day I'd be gladto Remember that we are speaking of But how do the great mass of city would soon be where the English aristocrats -
leave the farm in a minute. My city rents, not of country town rents. laborers who receive but $1.50 to $2 have boasted of having their
farm don't pay no $900 a year. I've To the city workman nothing is free, per day, and are out of work half the I laborers "in the dust where they be.
got eighty acres of good land and not even the water he drinks. Water time, live ? long, with an army to keep them
decent buildings, and am out.of debt, taxes must be paid just as surely as They exist in attics and garrets, or there."National Economist.
and it's all I can do to send my child coal bills. In the city you cannot underground basements, a whole family .
ren to school and make both ends have a garden from which to obtain sometimes two or three families, Luck in Fruit Growing
meet. I could do better than that on vegetables and small fruits. Your potatoes occupying but one room. The only A farmer who lives just across the
$900 a year. will cost you from 50 cents to playground they have for their children line in Portage county, only three
Could you? That remains to be $1.25 per bushel. Unless you are is the street, and a filthy street at miles, and often passed my farm on
proven. renting an expensive house you will that, for the children:: are ragged and his way to our village, stopped latelyto
Three dollars a day (if work and have no cellar in which to store things. dirty, and if they should appear upona purchase some of my Red Astra-
pay are both certain) may be better You will have to live from week to pleasant, shady street, the police chan apples. About one-quarter of
than a poor farm heavily mortgaged, week, or day to day, and pay grocer's would drive them off.. the trees in my orchard are quite .
where the comforts of life must go to prices. Your berries will cost you 8 The farmer we have described, pos heavily loaded with fruit, chiefly Bald
pay interest. But we' will take the cents a quart, usually more, seldom sessing 80 acres of good land, well wins, Peck's Pleasants, Roxbury Russets -
case of the farmer out of debt, and less; your milk usually 6 cents a quart, stocked, and with good buildings, Northern Sprays, and a few As-
with comfortable buildings. When he occasionally 5, occasionally 7; if you lives in a style of comfort although he trachan and Maiden's Blush for early
wants to go to town he hitches up a eat good butter it will cost you from may not handle much money, whichhe and fall use. We went into the or-
team and goes; $1 will probably hirea 25 to 40 cents a pound; eggs will cost would find it difficult to obtain ina chard for the apples, and I noticed
man, to lake his place, if necessary.But from 12 to 30 cents a dozen, accord- large city on less than $goo a year. that the trees bending with fruit
it is not at all likely that he puts ing to the season of the year, and Crops will grow while he is sick. seemed to catch his eye.'Well .
in 300 days of solid work on his farm. often .be very unsatisfactory;-pork will When the city laborer is sick it is rent C I declare," said he at length,
The mechanic loses$3 out of his $900of cost you 8 to 12 cents a pound; ham I and grocer's bills that grow. "you are a lucky fellow to have so
income for every day he stops 12 to 20; beefsteak 12 to 16, in the East many apples this year, when theyare
work or is sick. At most times of the still more; you will seldom buy chickenor OUR INCOME.In worth eighty cents to a dollar a
year the farmer can take one day off turkeys. Your church expenses will dividing the annual incomeof bushel And how fair and smooth
and hardly miss it. The laborer can- be heavier than in the country. If you the United States ($13.000,000 and large they are, and how free from
not. The farmer is his own master; join a society of any kind it will prove ooo) by the number of inhabitants worm holes. You are a lucky fellow!
the workman is not. When the work- expensive, because hall rent must be ((63,000,000)) we find the result to be The word "lucky" set me to think.
man wants a day off he must beg for paid. Your clothes will wear out just an income of$206 for each individual, ing. The orchard is on the highest
it, and is often refused; while perhapsthe as fast as they did in the country, and including the aged, the,sick, and the ground of the farm, about as high as
very next week he is discharged you will have a thousand expenses anda baby in the cradle. This gives us an any in the country. I chose that location .
entirely, and must spend weary daysor thousand humiliations which you annual income of $1,032: for each fame for that very reason, to be ex-
weeks, perhaps even months, hunt never dreamed of while you lived on ily of five-which is sufficient to sup empt from frost. Part of my own
ing a new job. a farm. port a family in comfort, not in luxury land is fifty feet lower, and it descends
Some farmers think they work: Every time you wish to go farther in either city or country. Thatis gradually for two miles further to
longer: and harder than mechanics.At than you can walk you will have to no family need starve, or freeze, Tinker's creek. Down on that level
certain seasons of the year no pay car fare. If you are sick you will or go ragged or shelterless, on an income they often have stinging frosts when
doubt they do. The mechanic cannot have to hire help to take care of you of $1,030, which is what the my orchard has none. I was "lucky"
often live close to his work. He must or go to the hospital. You cannot American people are earning for I enough to choose very high groundfor
take cars and pay car fare out of his depend upon your neighbors. Your themselves. It is also a fact that a city the orchard. '
wages to get to it. Sometimes he doctor's bills will be heavy; and if you family cannot be really comfortableon Then, too, there are about fourteenacres
must take both steam and street cars. die, the land to bury you in will cost a much less. Farmers do not real- of trees in a solid bodytworods
If he works ten hours per day, from dollar a square foot-or more! ize the real cost of the support of their apart, limbs nearly meeting, and
7 to 12 and i to 6, he must often The mechanic in a country town own families, and are therefore inclined shading much of the ground by day
leave home at 5.30 in order to reach who gets $1.50 per day is as well or to think that a city workman is and keeping it warm by night ILlS
the scene of his labor at 7. This better off than his city brother who extravagant because he does not save almost like a 14-acre tent or awning,
means a 5 or a 5.15 o'clock breakfast receives $3. He can usually get a out his wages: while that same city and according to well-known physical
1 tlje year around, and very few farm- house with a garden attached for-from workman is obliged to use all he earns, principles, the radiation of the heat
ers breakfast earlier than that. He $50[ to $100-sometimes less-and by and then often undergoes privations from the ground in clear nigjits is
eats a cold dinner out of a lunch pail putting his leisure time on the gardencan which the farmer would think pretty I very greatly retarded, and the cooling
and reaches home to get his supper at do a great deal towards the support hard. is less rapid. The orchard is self-
7.30. If he is fortunate enough to of his family. He will have no Again some farmers say: protecting in part, being so large and
work but eight hours per day, he may car: fare to pay out of his wages. The "Two dollars a day is enough for dense. Not only is the radiation of
breakfast at 6 instead of 5. If he food he buys will probably cost him any man to get. I don't believe in heat less rapid, but cold currents
lives near his work he has a little more less than half what it costs the city such high wages; I don't believe in from the north are kept off by the orchard
time.As laborer. His children's school expenses unions trying to* get wages higher trees and those of the great for-
to expenses a cottage or a flat will be small. The farm laborer than $2 a day." est and sugar camp almost adjoining it
Cv. ntaining from four to six rooms, ina has still less to pay-as he receives No doubt $2 a day would be good on the north. All these points came
pleasant! location on a paved street less-and can usually procuremore I wages in your neighborhood, and into my forecast for "luck."
in any of our larger cities, will rent land to work, thus providing would support a family in comfort. Then too, the trees were planted in
for from $15 to $30 per month, or himself with an occupation for out.of- i You are probably paying 75 cents a three different years-four acres first,
from $180 to $360 per year. If he work days. day, and the man you employ does then seven, then three-and vacant
feels that he cannot afford $200 a year And again, the number of city mechanics not staive. Neither will he ever be places were filled from year to year as .
for rent, he must content himself with I who have work 300 days per rich, nor will he be likely to own a they occurred. Thus different trees
small rooms on dirty streets, up innu- year is small, and the most of them do home. Two dollars a day will not and sections of the orchard began to
merable flights of stairs, or in the vicinity ,not receive as; much as $3.00 per day support a city family of five in com- bear different years, and so we have
of vile smokes and sickening Those who receive more belong to fort. It will not enable the laborer to part of the trees bearing every year.
smells. Many a farmer occupying a :trades where two or three months of buy a home, or to make provision for For example, the four acres first
pretty home would be surprised to find i 'work are followed by months of enforced old age and sickness. planted bore last year, when apples
that if he wished to move to the city I II idleness, which entails great Ought we not then to sympathizewith were $1.50 per, bushel. That part
and rent a house as comfortably and J privation. And again, there is often the city laborer's attempts. has very little fruit this year, whileFARMERS



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":--.


414,' 1892] THE FLORIDA DISPATCH,. FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER. 555



probably half of the trees in the seven brought me over$25 per acre in addi- Escambia counties; advanced Cerro Gordo Weather continues

acres are loaded. "Fair, smooth, tion, with this fine seeding of clover to the extent of retarding growth of cloudy with occasional heavy rains. Any
potatoes in Bradford; prevented potato more rain will, I think, ruin cotton as
and free from Yes and and the wheat be-
large worms timothy, straw Hernando other
planting in : delayed farm well as crops.
that is "lucky." Usually in an "off sides." "Wife," said he, with a quiet work in Holmes, Escambia and Fernando Crescent City-3.01 inches rain on the

year" apples are gnarly and wormy- winkle of the eye, 'do you know I'm ', and interferred with the cutting of 8th did much good.ChipleyExcessive.

"not enough for worms and folks, thinking,seriously of going to farming tobacco in Jefferson. rains. Cotton shed-
too and the the first ?" On the Other hand, the rains have ding somewhat, being much injured all
worms get been beneficial to oranges in Lake, Brad week by rain. Corn and rice doing
chance. To be sure, the land; is nearlyall "But,"queried the professor, "how ford, Volusia and Sumter counties; corn nicely.

thoroughly tilled (and where not, long is it, Mr. Chamberlain, since in Volusia, Washington, DeSoto, Sumter DeFuniak Springs-Cloudy and rainy

the trees are not so large nor the ap you planted those trees?" "Twentyone and Holmes; also Lee, Madison, and weather past six days, injuring crops,

ples so smooth and lucky). Then, too, years," said I, "since I plantedthat Jefferson; cotton in Madison county; potatoes especially cotton and tobacco.
in Holmes Lee, Madison Volusia Eustis Weather beneficial to trees and
,
I have for lo these of the orchard.
many years, part Jefferson, and Franklin; tobacco in Mad- I vegetation generally. Thunderstormwith
pruned the trees and"digged about "Well, said our pastor, with the ison; cane in Holmes and Jefferson; rice 1.38 inches of rain in: one hour on

' them and dunged them," and this I same quiet twinkle of the eye, "per Washington and Holmes; late cropsin 5th. One inch in 20 minutes.

spring, on my' return to the farm, I haps I'd better keep on preachingafter Jefferson; grapes and pineapples in Green Cove -Springs-Weather has
DeSoto; melons, leeks and grass in Her- been exceedingly favorable for all crops.
the trees a specially thorough all!
gave nando fruit in Nassau in Lee Sweet potatoes still being planted to agreater
; ;
; peas vegetables -
pruning and scraping of their trunks.I "I think so said his wife "for
in Lake; crops in general in other extent than usual to compensatefor
sprayed the trees, too, this spring as you know what a time we have to get counties especially Osceola, Hillsbo- corn shortage. -

usual, just as the blossoms fell, with a even our little garden hoed!" rough, Brevard, Nassau and Putnam. Kissimmee-While crops are doing
The recent rains have also greatly in- well, rain would be welcome.
} solution of London purple, using an "Now, wife, said he, "I should
creased the of water in lakes Lloyds Weather favorable for
quantity staple
excellent machine. And call that tales of school!
spraying so telling out
and ponds, filled cisterns and put water in crops, although rains interfere with tobacco
it is clear"luck" that the fruit is fair The manufacturer said nothing at wells that were nearly or quite dry, thus cutting while it advances late

I and the wormholes few! At first, indeed the time, but I judge that he was putting an end to the scarcity of water planting. Tobacco of fine quality and

I feared that the spraying was thinking, as some of the rest of us for stock and household purposes. good yield. Corn, potato and cane crop

not "lucky for it rained heavily the were of the of "luck" Measured amounts of rainfall are reported very'promising.
quarter century
as follows: Apalachicola, 6.00 Lake City-Daily rains keep soil too
very-night-of the day I gave them this, (alias push and perseverance) that inches;Amelia, 0.85; Avon Park, 1.03; wet to work. Melons destroyed on low

their first spraying for the season, and have built up for him a successful business Brooksville, 2.72; Bristol, 2.11; Crescent and injured on high land. Cotton shed-

the rain continued almost incessantlyfor and given a comfortable compe-- City, 3.01; DeFuniak Springs, 3.27; Eus- ding. Tobacco dying, in some instanceshalf

ten days, until it was too late to tence; that have made the professor tis, 1.69; Green Cove Springs, 0.95;Jack crop. Tomatoes and other vegeta-
sonville 1.27 Kissimmee 0.13 bles materially Corn rice and
; ; Lawtey, damaged. ,
the second time I do of the three Greek
spray as usually ; easily one greatest \ 2.38 Milton 22.50 Orlando sweet fine .
2.00; Myers, ; (?); potatoes promise a crop.
and the authorities say that the rain destroys scholars in America; and of the long 0.01; Ocala, 0.89; Oxford. 2.44; Pen- Lake Buddy (near Dade CityFarmwork )

the effects of the spraying. But years of "luck" in college, as teacner, sacola, 7.86;St. Petersburg. 1.01; Tarpon in full swing; prospects good.

t clearly it does not wholly do so, for in the law school, theological Springs, 3.39; Titusville, 0.20.TEMPERATURE Lawtey.--The two inches rain last

that one dose did the business for school, the pulpit, and of loving week has kept the ground so full of water
that the corn will be seriously in-
of the It in the homes of his The temperature was considerably below crop
most codling-moth worms. sympathy
peapie jured. Crab is getting ahead of
the normal for the State, and is reported grass
was "lucky" that I sprayed, not regarding that have made the pastor fit to have had a slightly newly planted sweet potatoes. Orange

signs of rain. to fill any of our great city pul- effect on cotton and tobacco in Walton trees growing well.MolinoGeneral.

Such thoughts flashed through my pits. I am expecting that one of these county and to crops generally in Holmes, complaint of too
much rain which has been continuousfrom
brain both the fine Astra- will SantaRosa, Liberty and Walton coun ,
he
as we picked days preach us a sermon on 5th to date and has been injuriousto
is
ties. It to have been benefi-
chans in silence for a moment. But "luck," possibly with illustrations thought crops. NO.wind. Little sun. ..
r cial to crops by correspondents in Nassau,
L mv friend broke the silence by citing a something like those suggested by our Holmes, Pasco, Escambia, Putnam, Brc-: Myers-Abundance of rain,insufficient

! still more striking case of "luck." orchard ramble and talk; and I think vard, Sumter, Hernando and Lake counties sunshine. Garden vegetables not benefited -

"There's a man in the south part of that his text will be, "Who will ren- and to oranges, corn and potatoes in / Potatoes, corn and -peas at their

our county (Portage) he continued der to man according to his Volusia. This condition was favorableto best.
every the shipping of and other Madison-Crops looking finely and out-
"who is lucky with his peaches and deeds; to them who by patient con fruits. grapes look is for good yield of cotton, corn and

R plums; got over $500 worth of 'em tinuance in well doing seek for glory CROPS." cane. Tobacco is being cut to cure.

this You that and honor and eternal Despite excessive rains, complaints are
year. see stinging May immortality, Potato planting still continues to some about ''low wells."
freeze didn't kill 'em. Queer fellowhe life." For he is fond of emphasizingthe extent, especially in Putnam county. many Milton-Excessive rains. On 8th 11.00

is; stayed up all night and carted great law that "whatsoever a man Limes are reported to be about ready for inches fell in about four hours; on 9th

damp straw and brush, and kept up a soweth that shall he also reap."-W. shipment in DeSoto county and grapes 9.00 inches fell in two hours. These
forward from

going Orange
are
county
f smoke and smudge over the orchard. J. CHAMBERLAIN, in Country 'Gentleman. by the ton. rains washed bridges away, made great
gullies in the roads and injured corn and
Well, you're about as lucky, too. Got SUNSHINE.
I vegetables. Less rain and more
sunshine -
, more winter apples than half the rest > The sunshine was slightly below the needed.

of the WEATHER. AND CROPS.. normal. More sunsine needed for cropsin
county. Ought to bring you Nassau Santa Rosa Nora-Daily rains; crops doing well;
Beats all how folks Hillsborough, too wet to work potatoes.OrlandoyOnly .
$500. lucky some Lee Walton and Holmes counties from
For the Week Ending July llth inch of rain during
are.. which received of
were injury to
1892. reports
week which with
high
The same truth (?) was enforced in melons, cotton, tobacco and crops gen- has dried and temperature '
ground made good weather
This bulletin is based on reports from from number of other
another way a few days later, after the erally. Reports a for shipping
32 correspondents, representing 29 counties counties state that there was sufficient grapes.
Astrachans were all picked and mark. of the State. Oxford-Rani Tuesday will do much
sunshine for the needs of growing
eted at little labor or expense. A few REMARKS BY CORRESPONDENTS.AmeliaExcepting crops.. good. Lakes beginning to rise, wells to
RAINFALL.
fill. Cisterns filled. Large orange trees
friends were here at tea; our pastor melons which
while
The rainfall during the week, benefited.
r ,. a shrewd, observant, kindlyman averaging about normal for the State, need less rain and more sunshine, all Orange City-Orange trees in fine cOn-

; a learned Greek professor from was badly distributed, with an excess in crops and fruit are doing well. Weatherall dition, corn and potatoes good.

} Yale Upiversity, whom "I glory" (as the western portions and a deficiency in that is desired. Pine Level-There will be an average

Homer puts it) to have taught Herodotus the southern and eastern sections gener Avon Park-Conditions favorable. crop of corn although ,the drouth hurt it
t Grapes and pines going steadily forward. badly. Rice and sweet potatoes sufferingfor
1 Xenophon and Homer a quarter ally.The reported amounts of precipitationvary Corn much better than expected; tobacco want of rain.

of a century ago; an old college from .01 of an inch at Orlando, crop shortened by drouth. I Pensacola-Sufficient rain for the pres
friend, now successful manufacturerin Orange county to 22.50 inches at Mil- Apalachicola-Heavy rain and wind I

a neighboring city, and their wives. ton, Santa Rosa county At the latter from southeast on the 7th, with about ent.St.. Petersburg-Rain has been light at*
place 11.00 inches is reported to have three inches of rain. Rain and sunshine station. Heavy showers near.
strolled the orchard and
We through fallen on the 8th instant and 9.00 incheson very beneficial to potatoes. Titusville-Local rains have been frequent -
saw the limbs bending with the fruit, the 9th, washing away bridges and Brooksville-Outlook good despite..retarding in surrounding country: but little
already assuming brilliant hues under cutting deep gullies in the roads. of potato planting and tilling by has fallen at station. Ground remainsin

the painter's hand of the great sun. Orange, DeSoto, Osceola and Hillsbor- excessive rains. Vegetables and melons good condition.
ough counties report need of rain. It fine.
first admired Tarpon S1rings--Everytbing booming
This aesthetic was
part seems to be especially needed in DeSoto Bristol-Much rain in vicinity but lit- but more rain and sunshine needed.
and then the more worldly and sub county, where rice and sweet potatoesare tle at station until 8th and 9th, when E. R. DEMAIN, Director.
stantial. "Your apples will bring you said to be slightly suffering from about two inches fell, improving cotton.I Jacksonville. Fla.. July 12. 1892.

while this drouth. Madison county the ------
t something worth year. reports -- -
wells still low, notwithstanding the recent THREE*"
said "Yes said I "these
our pastor. Spading
.
rains. *STYLES.FIVE
fourteen Astrachan trees nominally MORGAN
The heavy rains have done more or
occupy fifty-six square rods; that is, less injury to melons in Nassau county SIZES Harrow

! they stand two rods apart each way and also in Columbia; cotton in Walton, Thousand* The Ben all around Rotary Harrow and Palrerfzer.EmilAI .

and shade much of the ground. The Liberty and Washington; tobacco in told. No C.UUML.rards for Fall and flowed peacij Orchard land, Btabble Iare Vln DOfarrow -

this $50 Walton, DeSoto and_ Columbia;corn in n or ridge. Angle of teeth adjustable. Bend
over ,
apples brought me
year Bradford and Santa Rosa; potatoes in for Catalogue. Mention this Paper. Addrm
or$150 per acre,':and the wheat that Bradford; tomatoes in Columbia and D. S. MORGAN CO. H.Y.Jtri
grew upon the same fifty-six rods Santa Rosa; all crops in Holmes and Brockport, .

i
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"
_556 THE FLORIDA DISPATCH, FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. [JULY 14, 1892

-------



"CENT-A-WORD"insure insertion in this column COLUMN.To advertisements ALL ABOUT FLORIDA, I I FLORIDA DISPATCH I 1BROWQ One Cotlrell Cylinder

must be accompanied: by the money. tJRM"Dtf[ J fARMIRSAUMNCCttOaUPATCT
Advertisements must not exceed fifty words. 11111 MMUAftY.UM ,
Postage Stamps received in payment. ITS CLIMATE FRUIT GROWING Press
Count every word including name and address
CHAS. W. DaCOSTA, Publisher. ,
INTERESTS AND INDUSTRIAL

TTTANTBD-Naptha Launch. Box 5, Dade
City.Fla. 7- 4-3t DEVELOPMENT .ALSO _
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION:

FOR SAX.K-One to two inch sour orange trees For One Year ...............................$2.00, ONE WASHINGTON HAND
the Arlington Nursery. J. B. WADE, A HAND BOOK ON GARDENING FLORIDA
Jacksonville,Fla.;box 124. in For Six Months........-.............. ..... i.oo I
.
EOR SALE-Few thousand Hoffman Seedling Subscriptions in aU cases cash in advance.

OAN*: Strawberry, Orange Park Plants, Fla.,$2 per thousand. 7-7-3t T. OK FREE! FREEE!! FREE!!! Rates of Advertising on Application. PRESS

REMITTANCE should be made by Check,
FOR the next buds thirty at greatly days reduced I will sell prices.orange They and We have bought the entire issue of Postal Note, Money Order, or Registered Letter, Can be Bought Very Cheap

must go out of my grove. J. X,. DERIKUX, Lake- to order ofFLORIDA
land, Fla. 7-7-at Prof. Whitner's Gardening in Florida;
DISPATCH: FAJtHER AND
APPLY TOCHAS.
FOR SALE-German Millet $2 per bushel; FRUIT GR 0IrER.
Millet,2OC per pound; Kaffir Corn roc will mail a copy of same to all parties "-
per pound; Millo Maize, toe per pound; also field Jacksonville, Fla. W. DACOSTA
peas, leadlDl'varietlel, white seed rice and a renewals ,
sending us $2.00- or new
complete line of garden seeds. P. F. WILSON,
Seedsman, Gainesville,Fla. 77-4t subscribers. The World's Fair. Jacksonville, Fla.

MANGO SEEDS prepaid by mail or express: We have received the last issue of
(Kidney), per doz., 30<:.; Apricot, Remember must send They are the sweetest,
doz., doz., 6oc. WM P. you us THE LATEST
per 400. Apple per the "World's Columbian ExpositionIllustrated" most complete, tone sustaining -
NEKLD, Pinellas Fla. 6304tWANTBD durable and per-
$2.00 to entitle you to this book.C. I the only authentic organof fect Music Boxes made
to exchange a Wilson Bros. Feed (warranted In every reINVENTION -
," for one of large size The the Great Fair. The object of this spect), and any number of
mill I offer is as good as new,but is too small for W. DACOSTA, IN tunes can be obtained for
'..ur use. Address A.L. DUNCAN,Dunedin, Fla. publication is to give a complete authentic them. (Improvements Pat-
ented in Switzerland and
-30-3t
PUBLISHER. historical record of the Colum- United States.)

SALE-American Fruit Evaporator No. i: bian Exposition. It contains 2 We manufacture especially
FOR 3 pages for direct family trade,and we
SWISSMUSIC I
as new. J. F. TBNNBY&Sow, FederaiPoint
guarantee our instruments far
THE ALLIANCE
Fla. 6-30-41 CULTIVATORLEADS I of official proceedings, and will give superior to the Music Boxes
usually made for the wholesale
ARTESIAN WELL MACHINERY-For sale, or photographic illustrations printed on Enameled trade and sold by general merchandise -
for cows, or orange and lemon of all the Exhibits Build- ,dry goods and music
paper, stores. Manufacturers'
trees. A.A. BALDWIN, Georgians, Fla. 1 special
6-iWt ings, and attractions of the Great Fair. I I agency celebrated and Gem salesrooms and Concert for the

WALL PAPEK-Cheaper than any house in z As a work of Art, containing the most Roller Organs; play any tune;
state. Samples,prices and instructionsfree prices,only 26 and$12.
,by mail. J.F. ROBINSON, 15 W. Bay street, interesting information, it is invaluableto rMuslc Boxes carefully
Jacksonville, Fla. 3-24-601 and
Repaired Improved.
all *ho wish to keep up with the
FLORIDA'S advantages for small investments, BOXES H.G.JUTSCIII&3ranufaeturera.: SONS,
Estate Journal," Arcadia, Fla. times and learn of the great International ,
$1.00 per year: sample,with state map, 10 cents. Salesrooms 1030 Chestnut St.
3-24-l2m Enterprise. Philadelphia

For Florida Trade. It will be published semi monthly

The Lakeland Nurseries are again to the front early in the fall, making eighteen
with 15, oo orange and lemon buds, consisting of
sa prominent varieties, budded on sour sweet copies for present year. Price, $4, KNAIEPIANOS.
and grapefruit roots,one to four years old, and a
fine stock of seedling grapefruit and sour trees; postpaid; 25 cents a copy. Subscriptions
also complete stock of decidious trees. C. M.
,.MAUD,Proprietor, Lakeland, Fla. 6-i6-6t taken at this office, where the
.
FOR SALE Whipporwill pees, per bushel, f.o. paper can be seen, or send 25 cents
.. $2.00; Conch peas(limited quantity), per ALL OTHERS. for to UNEQUALLED IN
pound, post paid, aoc; Chufa seed, per pound sample copy
post paid J5Ci; per peck, f. o. b.s. st.so; pearl, mY imP OVEO j1A1OW J. B. CAMPBELL Tone,Touch,Workmansh p i Durability
millet, per pound, post paid J5C; Four pounds, ,
ten f. b., Send Has teeth. Baltimore,22 and 24 East Baltimore Street.
$1.25; pounds o. $2.00. cash with adjustable self-sharpening Editor and Publisher
order. New York, 148 Fifth Ave.
EXCELSIOR SEED FARM, Keuka, Fla.
CULTIVATORS AND HARROWS FOR Washington, 817 Market Space
2-4-tf 218 La Salle Street, Chicago, Ills.
ONE AND TWO HORSES.
WRITE NOW for prices on anything in nurs Satisfaction
guaranteed. FOR SALE
line. I will you or tell
you where to get it. Stock largely increased. G. Prices on application. "The World's Columbian ,
L. TABEK, Glen St. Mary Nurseries, Glen St. AGENTS WANTED.T. Exposition or would exchange for bearing grove and pay
,Fla. 6-o-tf
Mary
Illustrated and the FLORIDA DISPATCH
cash difference. Forty acres of rich Pine Ham
K. GODBEY
ORANGE,grapefruit and lemon trees. AU the FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER for one mock land. Thirty acres cleared, together with
varieties, one and two year buds; 7-i4-im 'Va.1d.o. P 1A.FOR plank causeway, # mile lone, with dock and
extra fine Tardiffs. Write for what you want to year, mailed to any address, for $5. ferry I mile from Grahamville, on Ocklawaha:
J.C. BUTCH,or Tampa Nurseries,Tampa, Fla.
6-9-Tt DYSPEPSIA, C. W. DACOSTA, River;4 miles from Silver Springs. Address
indigestion! and Stomach disorders, take
SALE-One second hand WashingtonHand imowN's IRON BITTERS. Publisher FLORIDA DISPATCH, FARMER A. TREADWEL-L.,
driers It,$l bottle. Genuine has
Press for sale cheap at this office. keep per
Jc mart and crossed red lines on FRUIT GROWRF
,. Write for particular wrapper. AND Redding Conn.

.. .. . .
--- - -- -


THE PAINE FERTILIZER COMPANY, .



'

OF JACKSONVILLE: : FLA.,


WHOSE CUSTOMERS ALWAYS SEND TO MARKET EACH SEASONFinest

Oranges, First Strawberries, First Car-Load Watermelons, and First and Best VegetablesThat

always get the very cream of the high prices, will occupy this space henceforth with an advertisement for their celebrated brands of


Orange Tree and Vegetable Fertilizers,



Their Oyster Shell Gas Lime, and their .


Ground Stock Food and Prepared Poultry Food

', _
For' information. analysts, circulars, price current, etc., describing these articles, address
'
,, THE: : > PAINE!> IME>:1 .RaMXH5E: CO.,

J XAyUFACIUItERS OF HIGH GRADE COMMERCIAL FERTILIZERS, OFFICE SO WEST SAY ST., JACKS OXTILLEf FLA.

1. f -;;::AUjpncei :will: 'be in._viewof"great'rivalry and made to meet,tvery possible competitor, and should secure your order. Drop us a line for prices, etc., for fertil!

,. Un and material, mentioning this paper. -. : .,



.






',.

t :JULY 14, 1892] _THE. FLORIDA DISPATCH. FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWEI. X567




THEJACKSONVILLE, H: E-COMPANY FLORIDA I



KEY WEST ,

AWD- FLA.


EAST COAST AND STOVES,
"
Extending Southeast, South OILS AND VARNISH.
west from Jacksonville, cover
thousand miles of tropical Sii.TPPIII51..

reach all prominent winter and :We Have

4 pleasure resort of Florida: HORSE BAY RAKES

The East Coast, In stock.

The Great Lake 8 and 6 feet tread. -THE-:

The Phosphate -= r The 6 foot for use Is suitable In Florida Centra! & Peninsular

The Pineapple ORANGE GROVES. RAILROAD OO.
,
The Orange : ; ; \Write for Prices. The Florida: frank blip

STOCK OF THE FAMOUS

The Fruit. AND and ODS Same.PIOws," SHORT LINE TAMPA.
Repair for

Sections PulverIzing Harrows, the Boy la addition TO to Its long-established connection -
Farm and Agricultural Implements *with the North by
Hirer Junction,Live Oak,Callahaa,Jacksonville
Planet Jr. Horse and Hand Tools, sold and
Feraandlna
THREE THROUGH
Hu this season reopened

Y1A fti fiamnYilli ut MoatitiHi> goitt.Tn .

connection with the IL,1'.*W.R.B.;the
The Alabama Midland and the L.A N.and the lines
TropicalTrilfik leading from Chicago 8t.Louis, Kansas City
and the North and 'VeaL

These lines are equipped with Through Cars from Cincinnati to
Jacksonville and Tampa.
improved modem appliances JT...f.**dule, Pullman Bleep**.. all JIGS
safety and comfort of passengers -rr.Railway..I"'JW'"e7fMftU.The .

Our patrons call them the Florida Central k Penlnatllar R.R.

IN is the greatest artery of travel through the
FINEST finest parts of Florida traversing twentyfourcounties
t _- -GadsdenJeffenon,Duval Alschua,
Lake Leon suwannee Nassau Levy Orange
Trains Leave Jacksonville H1llsoorough, Waku}lAy Cofumla. Clay
Marion Polk, Manatee Madison Baker Bradford -
T. & K. W.: ,Sumter, Hernando and Desoto-tn their
qc'T I richest portion. It runs through the Middle -
8:30 a.m. daily,except.Sunday; 1 I Flonda Region of Hill Country where are
!daily; 4:20: jun. daily, except ; the fine oldfarming
Land and th JTetfFarm Tobaoe
8.00: p.rn. daily, except Sunday. *

Arrive 7:30: a.m., 8:00: a.m., : I (reached bT DO other line),ome ot them conducted -
7:40: p.m.Trains I on a large scale. Here are Quincy
LEVER AND LEVER WHEEL. Tallahassee(the capItal),Monticello.MadJlOn
Leave Jacksonville and other towns, from whose comfortable
ample dwellings, reposing in a fertile country -
Coast Lines: I II ,is coming a renewed energy to employ
MACHINERY
I the resources lavished about them. Stretch
&:25 a.m. daily, 1:00: p.m. daily lug down through
' Sunday; 4:05: p.m. daily. AND HAND POWER. Th PeatK Countryof
Baker Bradford Aiacbua and Levy. coontlea -
Arrive 9:30: a.mu, 12:25 pm., 6:40: a stock of Steam Pumps, Boilers through the prosperous
Strawberry Farm
INDIAN RIVER STEAMERS and Galvanized Pipe, Valves. of Lawtey, Starke and Waldo perhaps superior
I TITUSVILL'EFor Hose Etc. Estimates furnished in profit to the orange grove-it goes"
,
through the heart of the State,penetrating
Melbourne daily, except put in complete and guar- some of the finest groves,one having
70,000 Full-bearing Orange Tree,
6:00: a.m., 3:45 p.m.; Rockledge,
7:00 Amve Melbourne, : satisfactory. Hand Spraying passing for nearly a mile between them.
p.m. making its way southward to the Gulf,and to
12 midnight. Returning,leave of every description. Send for the more tropical portions of the State. Lan
1:20: p.m., 12:30 a.m.; Rockledge portions of the State It reaches points of
8:00: a.m. Arrive Titusville : of How and When to Spray. 5eento Interest

12 noon. Pipe, etc., made to order in our Wakulla Springs ia the West, the Suwaa
nee River;,as beautiful and romantic as It is
Leave Rockledge for Jupiter shop. famous Silver Springs, in the lake region
cept Sunday: 8:30.m arrive. and the lakes of rolling themselves land with their with surroundings

lowing day 3:30 a.m. pleasant homes in green groves,sloping down
Jupiter dallyexcep Sunday, : to the clear lake fronts. By means of thin
.' Arrive Rockledge following day, road' you can most readily reach the
s Hunting and Flfhlng Ground
Steamer "ST.AUGUSTINE The settler will find on the line of this road
greater opportunity for a varied selectionof
ORMOND land than on any other road In the State-
from lightest soils to those underlaid with
8:00 a.m.Tuesdays, Thursdays clay and marl and of richest hammock-
days for Rocklfdge and way whether for regular mixed farming,stock or
Returning, leaves Rockledge ., -iio orange dairy farming groves,and peach vegetable or strawberry gardens.culture,

rmt.t1'ednesdays: and The tourist will be gratified with Its scenery.
The health-seeker on its ample route can find
Connections: are made at some spot adapted to his wants. On the hard
for clay roads of Middle Florida the horseman
& L.'V. Railway
trains of J. will ride with speed and satisfaction and the
. on LakeVorth.. Florida Central and Peninsular is the
SporUmanff Route.
! For schedules, maps, eta, call NOT*.-Passenger! from Northern connections
t agents, or address the General having tickets over the Florida Centraland
Peninsular to points In South Florida
Agent. FOR have the privilege of being taken Into Jack-
sonville over the Company line and alloweda
1:. D. CABLET.. I*.- : : PUMPS. stop-over within the going limits of the
General Manager Supt.East i ticket,with return to their route for destina-
J..T.& K. W.System. St. re Received. tion free of extra charge.' Send for map of
:Florida,mailed free.
i O. D. ACKERLY, COMPANY A.o.KAODONELL.o.p.A.
General Passenger Agent, Jacksonville.
.--. Of'.;/' ''.n,' Jacksonville,JTa,' .j X.0.PJEK KIRQTOy..2.MJLXWlLu Traao General Manager.D. Manager.

f JACKSONVILLE'FLA.. ..
; <: -oF: ..,j; : ..
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668 THE FLORIDA DISPATCH, FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.' [JULY 14, 1892.





BELLEVIEW B MINING CO.'S' SOFT PHOSPHATE AND COMPLETE FERTILIZER.




O. IoC. BR.A4;D, COMPII3 x'I3 F'OR OIZA GE TREES A1JI PI; TI APPLLrS.


ANALYSIS : :...
.. '
I,' ::' Phosphoric Acid..4 per cent. | Potash K.0..5 per cent. I Ammonia.........................2 to 3 per cent.; ''' :

..
J'r- F'RUIT AND VIJ3 BRAND, F'OR BEARING TREES.. ,

',: ..r. ./r ANALYSIS : .

Potash..6 to 7 per cent. I Ammonia..3 to 4 per cent. I Phosphoric Acid..5 to 6 per cent. .

Pride, per ton: O. I-ST. BrB.1d., F' O. B. Ccix, Baiia'riaw, r $2S' ..QOIPric

per ton: Fruit Amex Tina, F'. O. :B. Ca.rs, Bei1e ie'VV", $26.00

This Company also offer their Burnt and Ground Soft Phosphate. The analysis of our Soft Phosphate,'given by Serge Malyvan, of Ocala, is :

Insoluble Silicate !.........................18.76 I Phosphoric Add............... ......... .. 17.70 I Oxide of Iron................................. 74 I Magnesia and Soda ...!........ ..... ..... 6-55
Carbonate Lime.:....................:..... 4.56 ,| Equivalent to Bone Phosphate Lime.o' .... ...39.00 I| Aluminum .. ..,..,........................ 2.07 I| Moisture......,.............................. 6.59

*, *. He says that, after analyzing samples of Soft Phosphate from different' mines in the State,' the only soluble Soft Phosphate is contained in an area of about

six miles about Belleview. ,

The above mentioned complete Fertilizer is 25 per cent. cheaper than any sold in Florida of same grade, and is what orange growers need.

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TESTIMONIALS I I :

that fertilized with cotton seed. Thinking this two more cars of Soft Phosphate. I have used been brought into the State,and I would warmly
More About Soft Phosphate. estimate may have been a little high I put it as seventy-five tons of this Phosphate, and have recommend its use to the orange growers in the
The following in regard to soft phosphate is above, but lam free to admit that he is a better noticed with much interest its effect on my orange State. Yours truly,
taken from the Gainesville Sun: judge of such matters than I am." trees. The first car load I applied to something D. G&KENLXA,
That soft phosphate is rapidly gaining favor J. T. Smith, writing from Levy count,says: "I over five hundred trees,and the results have been
with the fruit and vegetable growers there is no put soft phosphate on sixteen com last simply marvelous. The adjoining five hundred -
sort of doubt. Those who have given it a test un spring about a four acre field of corn,on about an trees received no fertilizing, and the difference
)tatingly,5pcak of it in the most complimentaverage quality of the land. I broadcasted the between the two fields is something wonderful. CEDAR KEYS, FLA., Dec.at, 1891.
ary terms. Mr. George Saxon, writing from soft phosphate over the land, after breaking it up On one side every tree has started with a vigorous C. B. Smith, President Belleview Mining Com
Tallahassee,says: well at about two tons per acre. Then I har- growth. The finest foliage that I have ever seen an.
The soft phosphate referred to in the granulated rowed this in. I did not measure the yield only in a grove. The trees which received no appliDEAR SIR-Yours of 17th received. It gives
article, containing the elements of ground bone in my cart as I gathered it. I got as much corn cation have just commenced to start up. Mr. Me me pleasure to state that I have used nothing but
and 50 per cent phosphate of lime (bone phosphate from the sixteen rows that had soft phosphate on Master of the firm of McMaster& Miller! of San the Belleview Soft Phosphate on the
crude it from the mine. This it I did from the The Mateo visited few since and my grove
) as comes as next thirty rows. corn my grove a days expressed past ,and I have been more than satisfied
soft phosphate was put upon cotton last year did not dry: up any for want of rain, as the rest of? himself as being very much astonished with year the results. The trees are looking as well
'alongside of cotton seed as fertilizers,and the result the crop did. I am well pleased and will use it at the growth of the trees where the soft phosphate looked
as they have ever -even when I used expensive
wa fully or more than doublet in yield of this year on all my crops. had been applied. If you will remember fertilizers. Many have heard of
cotton over the cotton seed,while it gave four the first shipment of Phosphate was made less persons
; and has ad-
times the yield over the same land without any than sixty days since, and until the last few days vanced my experiment in their estimation., your phosphate
fertilizer. Rev.T. W Moore of Leesburg,looked JACKSONVILLE FLA. June is, 1891. we have had very little rain. t ru I's,
at this crop while in full fruitage and he said that C. B. SMITH, President Belleview Phosphate Co., I am fully convinced that one ton of the Belle- Very REV. P. R. HOUCAN
At that time that the cotton fertilized by this soft Jacksonville, Florida: view Soft Phosphate has a greater value as a plant
phosphate had three times more fruit on it than DEAR SIR-Enclosed please find my order for food than a ton of any Fertilizer that has ever

-: We offer this Phosphate at prices so low that it is in reach of every orange grower and gardener. Prices, P. O. B. cars at Belleview, Florida :
.
Per ton: UX1d..ried, ixx Bulls, $05.00

.. _." .. Per ton, Dried, 1.t1: Buhr, &0.OO .,(

,f:, Per ton: Burnt, Ground Rnd Sa..oI ecl, .. $8.00
f '
- .. Put'u sacks. Orders for loss than one ton, 50 cents per ton extra. Terms, cash with order. Send orders, and apply for further particulars,

testimonials, heights, etc., to

'. C. B. SMITH, President and General.Manager, Jacksonville, Fla.

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: DA dOsA NEW DISCOVERY ACCIDENT--I


p- In compounding a solution a part was accldently spilled on the hand
and on washing afterward It was discovered that the hair was' completely .
removed. We at once put this wonderful preparation on the
market and so great.ha*been the demand that we' are now Introducing
House : It.throughout the world under the name of Queen' Antl-liialrIne,
aND
Printing Publishing IT IS PERFECTLY HARMLESS AND

SO SIMPLE ANY CHILD CAN USE IT.
n Lay the hair over and apply the mixture for a few minute, and the
hair disappears as if by magic without the slightest pain or Injury when
CKS0NY'ILLE 1=1-75., applied or ever afterward. It Is unlike any other preparation ever used
for alike purpose. Thousands of LADIES who have been annoyed
-- with balr on their FACE. NECK and ARMS attest Ita merit
TURNS OUT THE BEST STYLE OF PRINTING GENTLEMEN who do not appreciate beard or hair on their neck
Bdgp saX sa Ss findpriceless boon In Queen' Antl-Halrlnewhich does away
JvU with Shaving, future utter
; by rendering growth an Impossibility
: AT THE LOWEST RATES.Manufacture sealed PrIce of from Queen's AnJJ-HUiiae$1.per bottle, sent In safety mailing box.postage paid by ua(securely
observation). Send money or stamps by letter with full address written plainly. CortMpondent'e -
strictly confldeatlal. This advertisement Is honest and straight forward In every word It
'. contains. We Invite yon to deal with ns and you will find everything M represented.' CUt this out and
end vday. Address QUEEN CHEMICAL CO., 174 Race Street, CINCINNATI O. You can
re/i atf.r your letter a&any Poet Office to insure it* safe delivery. We will pay 50O for any ease
: .,..;,'.' I failure or slightest' injury to any purchaser. .Erery bottle guaranteed.

F ',ti. SPECIAL-To Udles who Introduce and sell among their friends 85 Bottles Queen's Arfti-Halrliie,
:
s. will present with a SILK DBB88, ISrsrds best silk. Bitrs: : Large Bottle and staple
I sss of silk to select from with
TMtfuMl sent order. Good Salary or Commission Agent
..
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"I.. .; DEAFNESS, STATE BANK OF FLORIDA

f "\OT mconr "
) r ITS CAUSES AND CURE, ORATED.

Scientifically treated by an aurist of world-wide JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA.Capital .
reputation. Deafness eradicated and entirely
qJl'' cured, of from 20 to 30 years' standing, after all 30000.00
44"u tire other treatments have failed. How the difficulty ,
is reached and the cause removed fully ex-
plained in circulars, with affidavits and testimonials REPAIR your old family Bibles; make them at
I of cures from prominent people, mailed as new. DaCosta Printing and Fvbiisning -
free.Dr. House,Jacksonville, Fla.Clark' .
A. :}FONTAINE 19 East 14th St,.N. Y.


$5 to $15 per home.day.lelliDf at

e LIGHTNING PLATER
Md pUUof welr1.waCCbNkw
r r., to. Plate U>.
bed of jew lry food u
A new, OB all kind of nctal
with. told direr or nickel.
? No experience. So eaplui.KTCTT .
'
V ... V.
bogie bat rood n edlatplaitn -
sir. -Y ;. Wholesale U
agent*fi.Writ tor drev-
: C' Ian. II.E.DEI Otis
"he of Blank Books Ca.Wiambu,0.

"-< .
: 200 ACRES OF CHEAPLY IRRIGATED
a Specialty. TRUCKING LAND without expensive Cutaway

machinery or even artesian wells. A black: soil, HARROWS AND CULTIVATORS.
SEND FOR RIOES. several feet in depth, level as a floor, free from I keep in stock seven style, cutting In width
timber,which can be flooded by the closing of agate J from two((2)) to six ((6)) feet, at prices from lio.oo
at the mouth of the ditch draining the glade. 1 to 931.oo. Send for catalogue.

>: ;: }!!S. ,W. DACOSTA, Proprietor. terlachea For.particulars: ,Fla. address GEO. W. HASTINGS,In X. S.HUBBJLRD, Gen.Federal State Point AI'CD.i.!'k

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\ JULY 14; 1892] THE FLORIDA DISPATCH, FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. 559




, r Clyde Steamship Co. PATRONIZE A HOME ENTERPRISE.MERCHANTS'



NEW YORK' CHARLESTON AND FiiPqiDM LINES.

t STEAMSHIP CO. OF FLORIDA.JoluoL .

The magnificent Steamships of this Line are appointed

1. to sail as follows, calling\ Charleston, S. C.,
I .
Both ways :
(STANDARD TIME.)
From New York. From'Jacksonville, NtI
(Pier 29. 2. R.) STEAMER Florida.

Tuesday June aSth at 3 P. M...... ""CHEROKEE" ....Sunday July 3d at 11:30 A. M
Friday, July ist, at 3 p. M....... "SEMINOLE" ......Thursday, July 7th at 2.00: P.M_
Tuesday, July gib, at 3 P. M."IROQUOIS.Sunday, July xoth, at 4:00: A. M
t Friday July 8th, at 3 P. M......."CHEROKEE,".......Thursday, July 14th, at 7:3o A. M .. ,. j.
Tuesday July i2th, at 3 p. M........ 'SU9IN0LE.Sunday July ijth at 10:30: A. M J
July isth at 3 p. M.... .. "IROQUOIS" .. .Thursday, July a ist, at aroo: p. MTuesday
July igth at 3 p. M...... "ALGONQUIN," .....Sunday, July 24th at 4:30: A. M
Friday July 22d, at 3 p. M......."SEMINOLE.Thursday, July 2Sth, at 7:30: A. M
I Tuesday July 26th, at 3 p. M .. ... ."CHEROKEE,". .....Sunday, July 31St, at 10:00 A.M
Friday July 29th at 3 P. M...... 1 ALGONQUIN; ......Thursday Aug. 4th, at 1:00: p. M
s .
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:
ST. JOHNS RIVER LINE. .
% --..,.,..---.- ..
?

For Sandford and Intermediate Points
Enterprise on
Steamer Gr ChristopherIS
the St. Johns River.

APPOINTED TO SAIL
FROM NEW YORK. FROM JACKSONVILLE.
Steamer: "E"'I\rerglac1.e"\
Thursdays, June 16,30 and July 14-3 p. m. Fridays,June 24, July 8 and 22-8 a. m.

.Leaves Jacksonville Tuesdays and Saturdays at 5 P. M.; returning leaves Sandford Monday andi Tills steaniahlp has been built especially for carrying Frttlt ami Vegetables, and If
... Thursdays at 6 A. )I.i; Enterprise 6:30 A. M. perfectly ventilated. Time between Jacksonville and Sew York 72 hours.

Steamer: '2velalza" W. H. CHRISTOPHER, W. A. SOMERVILLE, JNO. G. CHRISTOPHER

Agent,Jacksonvil Agent, New York. G n'll\lan'r.Jacksonville.
Leaves Jacksonville Mondays and Thursdays at 5 p. M.; returning, leaves Sandford Wednesdaysand Pier 49 East River.
Saturdays at 6 A. M.i; Enterprise, 630 A: M. .

General Passenger and Ticket Office, 88 West Bay St., Jacksonville.
SAVANNAH LINE.Time
JOHN L. HOWARD Florida Freight Agent foot Laura Street Jacksonville Fla. .
t F. IRONMONGER, Jr., Florida Passenger Agent, 88 West Bay St., Jacksonville, Fta.
MARSHALL H. CLYDE Assistant Traffic Manager, Bowling Green, New York. .
W. F. OGDEN FAY, Traveling Passenger Agent 88 West Bay Street. 53 to 55 hours between Savannah, New York and Philadelphia, and
TIIEO. G. KGER, Traffic Manager 5 Bowling Green, New York.
J. A. LESLIE, Superintendent, foot Laura Street Jacksonville Fla.WM. between Boston and Savannah, 65 to 70 hours.


P. CLYDE & CO., Gen'l Agents,

12 South Delaware Avenue, Philadelphia. 5 Bowling Green New York. OCEAN STEAMSHIP COMPANY.


ESTABLISHED> 187.
PA89Ag0 Rentes: *

.
Between Jacksonville and New York: First-class $25.60 ; Intermediate, $19.00; Excursion $43.30
WILLIAM A. SOURS & CO., Steerage, $12.50.

4 Jacksonville and Boston : Cabin, 27.00; Intermediate, $n.oo; Excursion, $47.30;.Steerage, $t4.,
WHOLESALE The magnificent Steamships of this Company are appointed to sail as follows:


Grain Garden Seeds and Fertilizers FROM [SAVANNAH Central or 90Meridian TO NEW Tim .]YORK.

...............Friday, i st. 10.30 a.m
City of Birmingham...........................Sutnrday July and, 11.30 a.m
:: 20 WEST BAY STREET, JACKSONVILLE, FLA. City of Augusta \ ,July 4th, 1.30 p.m
I :'c Tallahassee.Wednesday, July 6th, 3.oop.m
Kansas .,........ .Friday,July 8th, 4.30 p.m
...I HANDLE ONLY THE BEST AND MOST RELIABLE SEEDS. A COMPLETE STOCK. Chattahoochee................................M...........Saturday, July gth 5.00 p.m
N'acoochee..... Monday,July: zith. 6.30 p.m
Corn Oats Flour Bran Wheat Grits Meal' City of ; .Wednesday July 13th, 7.30 p.m
Hay? City of Augusta..... ............. ............ .......................Friday.July 15th. 9.30 a.m
Tallahassee.........................................................Saturday,July i6th, 10.30 a.m
COTTON SEED MEAL Both Bright and Dark. Kansas City...........................................................:Monday July 18th, 12.30 p.m
Chattahoochee....................................................Wednesday,July aoth 2.30 p.m
Sacoochee....?.........................................................Friday,July 23d, 4.30p.m
STATE AGENT FOR City of Birmingham....... ................ ... ........... .........Saturday July 2jd. 5 oo p.m
PURE GROUND BONE City of Augusta.... .............................................. : y 25th, 6.. 0 p.m
M. E. Tygert& Co.'s Tallahassee........................................................WednesdayJmuly27t-t, 7030 p.m
r NITRATE SODA Kansas City..........................................."................Friday, July 29th, 9.30 a.m
Star Brand Fertilizers, POTASH Chattahoochee.............................. ...................... ..Saturday,July 3ptb io.ooa.ai

".. OUA&AXTBBD AKA2.TSIS, MURIATE OF ) FROM SAVANNAH TO BOSTON.Gate .

,' City........................... .................................. Thursday, July 7th 3-30 p.m
::- Comprising '__ SULPHATE POTASH City of Macon....................................................... Thursday July nth 8.JO am:
.. Tree and Gate City.............................................................. Thursday,July ant 3.00 p.m
Orange Vegetable KAINIT, Etc City of Macon..... ................................... .............Thursday,July, 28th, 8.30 a.m

FERTILIZER. FROM SAVANNAH TO PHILADELPHIA.This .
These Fertilizers hire no superior to the market and a trial will convince.
( Ship does NOT Carry Passengers.)

Dessoug................................................................Friday,July lit, lo.ooa.m
"BSBfiT UPRIGHT PIANOS. Dessoug..................................................................Monday,July, nth, 6.00 p.m
GREAT OFFER Dessoug............................................... ...............Thursday,July aist, 3.00p.m
Panel FINEST FACTORY
THESE PALACE STEAMERS
Organs, IN UNITED STATES.: ,

$35. Always ready for QUICK SHIPMENTS of Finest with the Florida and Western Short
Connecting Savannah Railway (Waycross Line),offer to tILe
Oa trial la Pianos and Organs Direct to Your Homes.J01IrholD. Traveling Public and Shippers advantages equalled by no other line.
Through Ticket and Bills of Lading issued to principal points North East and Northwest via
before From REV.JAS.:M. POTTS.D.D. editor of MichIgan Savannah. For information and rooms apply to
'tutus ih'm'for Christian Advocate DetromtMiclt.; "To say that B. R. PRICK Soliciting Agent W. H. LUCAS Fla. Pass.Agent
with the Piano does
Addnrt we are delighted not express 77 West Bay Street Jacksonville. 77 West Bay Street Jacksonville
the fact. We If all instruments
are jubilant your R. L. WALKER, C. G.ANDERSON
Tb T.BWOMT Son Pianos A Organ are as fine in appearance and as pleasing in tone as Agent North New York. Agent
Pier City
New No.35 R.iveIj Exchange Building, Savannah Ca.
BEAVER FALLS PA this one,your patrons will rise by the hundred.UProm RICHARDSON l& BARNARD.Agents Lewis' Wharf, Boston. '
PROF. E. H. PECK Valhennoso Springs Ala.: "We could not be pleased better with W. L.TAMES,Agent 13 8.Third Street Philadelphia.
the casing or tone quick in response and melodious. In short we are highly pleased with the organ." J. D. HASHAGEN, Eastern Agent Sav., Fla. & Western Ry. Co., 261 Broadway. N. Y.
From B. D. GRIGGS Adairsville. Ga.: "I am well pleased with the organ in every respect. It ball A.neW. SAMPSON General Agent W. n.ARNOLD Gen. Trav. Pass. Agt.,Jacksonville*.
you claim it to be." 306 Washington St., Boston. W. H. RUETT. General Agent,
From Y. M. C. A., per). G. COOLEY Hillsboro.lN: "The organ gives entire-satisfaction. For Tickets apply to S., P., & W.Railway office. 317 Broadway New York.
Every one who has seen it is very much pleased with the instrument and UK price on the same."
From BEN. F. STEELE Ark.: "My family well pleased;Jo every respect with the I
organ. How you sell them so chap a wonder DO you need stationery of any kind-paper
pens and ink? If so, send to D.Costa Printing PALE SICKLY
and Publishing House,Jacksonville Fla


BA'2 ING.Q UTFITSaaERFECTIGNBest. WELL SUI I LIESMgal' : ':: ; :LI LOoIG our

L. 11.Tr...P rJI.u i subject to SPA 8 X I mod
are
uQ.id..t.sd.sUI.ad.nl.orsy t 4 N7.dldts.s,.GoA',.E.eVolq.dta I.. Jlke1r: tro11W 'Wits
u.e Uade' ad 8,,.,.,..a4\M Y.... b..sa. ?D.h..t rsmed
el. for
aara.ll Ya
.a twlleea02e
tw
WORMS i
.". ,.... ..........s..a....7..18..aM..ni........ Nv rtoe. The Amedan" We"Works.Aarpra !!!. .a.A.FAHNESTO .V RMl
.
.,c.n0.,... ........ P5la- ...."riM II-1SS.CAXALST.CHICAGOILL.I1r..M. : tD a..&ad ney.r 1'.. .
..der.M'.itmi7stl.....ti."IU.I" ... sMlIIYtPTpl.. ..-.a.l. aT.x.T. [STMKT.DALLAS.TEXAS f laity that Uaa Initials ars B.A. av......

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560 THE FLORIDA DISPATCH, FARMER AND FRUITGROWER.rJuLYl4,1892
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(cFUPILIZERS'. FE1 TILIZE1 S. )



Blood and Bone, Chioago; Bone Meal,

Pure DBSboie Orot3Lnd: Bone, Dark and Bright Cotton; : Seed Meal,

Animal Bono and Potash: oba.ooo Stems: ,

Blood, Bone arl'1. Potash, Canada Hard Wood Ashes,

Pulverized .J, .. ,,Bone, Sulphate: of Potash: &0. .


FRUIT_ AND VINE, BEARING TREES, -

ORANGE TREE FOOD, YOUNG TREES,

P VEGETABLE AND POTATO GROWER.
!

HBO E. WILSON, 50 West Bay Street, Jacksonville, Fla. '- t

"
-

JOHN L. MARVIN, J. P. TALIAFERRO, YOU CAN SAT lWONBY: -
President. Vice-President.
H. T. BAYA, THOS. W. CONRAD,
By Buying the FERTILIZERS that Manufactured by the OLD ESTABLISHED
Cashier. Assistant Cashier. "

CAPITAL! $100,000. and RELIABLE FIRM, The
.

THE MERCHANTS'' NATIONAL BANK, L. B.: DARLING. FERTILIZER CO:. '


JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA, I > 7.

respectfully solicits your Deposits, Collections and General I I. I .OF PAWTUCKET.. R. I. ".

Business.CORRESPONDENCE .. II
Banking These FERTILIZERS are made especially for the

,
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INVITED. .. ,. Orange, Vegetable and Pineapple Growers of Florida


Southern: Office and Warehouse at Jacksonville, Florida.

DIREC ORS I ,.' ...
John !.. Marvin, A. B. Campbell, Chas. Marvin, .;. O. B. WEEKS State '
.
Agent
Jas. P. Taliaferro, T.W. Roby, Judge R. B.Archibald, ,.Jr.,.
W. B. Clarkson, C. B. Rogers, W. M. Davidson, *',,. r I
Dr. H. Robinson. John E. Hartrldge. No. 8 Bostwick-Block.Catalogue ... ,,'.
'
<. .... ; ''-:'
TO ALL BUYERSOF .
describing. our Fertilizers, with prices and testimonials;sent free; .
upon application. *

: : FANCY POULTRY. GIVESBowker US A TRIAL.


1 ATTENTION;

r f HEREAFTER all fowls sent : ..
!.r by express, '
will go at one-half the former
jA' rates-a great saving to my cus-
tomers. This is '
by special arrangement -
and is confined to .
=0.fowls from my yards. s
We are the largest breeders of .-
*' ,; thoroughbred poultry M Florida. ..
/ ,Come and see our st J 1 for our illustrated catalogue.and '
:. .price list of 14 varieties.
"'. Poultry supplies of all..dnds. Orange Grower.
'. f Incubators and Brooders, Shell .
and Bone Mills, Clover Cutters,
r '. ...Wire Netting,Desiccated: Fish and .
_- Boiled Blood and-Com. to make "
j jofhens lay. BRIGHT, FIRM FRUIT that'holds on until it is.., ,
<#
\
EGGS TO HATCH. ; a strong, healthy, vigorous growth of :'

st E. W.: '>. SDEN, both tree and fruit are the results reported by large I Ir '

E ","d, Fla and experienced planters in Florida who are using

1 F Musical Perfection this popular Fertilizer. It supplies to the tree at the

is what you seek In buying a Piano proper time, in the proper form, and in the proper

I ;_ ,...._. Lowest write New ns York about Prices proportions,all the elements to bring perfect.healthy

S TEINVUY.and -or TnL "" maturity.BOWKER'S VEGETABLE GROWER and BOWKER'S ToBACCO

take ; .
m tr-
;;: Ae; '1yr1 GROWER are also special complete Fertilizers,
L1 carefully and scientifically compounded for the purposes
mentioned,and are extensively used in Florida. Bow-

KER'S SQUARE BRAND BONE AND POTASH is a happy

We are Wholesale Southern Agents combination for those requiring' these ingredients.

for these celebrated Instruments,and you can buy from us as '*% Chemicals at markej rates.
easily* cheaply, and safely by mall, as la perboo. Ask "V 7*
LUDDEN & BATES, Savannah, Qa. "3JKT K Send for Illustrated Catalogue, Free.
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--
-- -- BOWKER/ FERTILIZER ) A. M. BOND CEN'L AGENT,
BOWLING G 6REEN AGIDEMY.A CD I! IT EVAPORATOR COMPANY. I JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA.

I II U I | THE ZIMMERMAN
L cbArter$pnpar4toryscbool of the highest rtpnta* The Standard Jlaehln
.b tion .Q. bdtaJwt4DJLrtM.d.C.otVa.BowlinGreenYi.. T1IE BLTAtTKli OM WOBK8 CO.ClaeUaaU.O.f .
,
,, .
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f .-,".4 ...


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