Florida farmer & fruit grower
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055765/00240
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: S. Powers
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: July 7, 1892
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note: Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038466
oclc - 01387403
notis - AKM6256
lccn - sn 95026761
System ID: UF00055765:00240
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen

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M 1869

L flLMIfl8c r"4]]:" fARM. ERS ALL! ANCE.

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L J. !1 JANUARY 1889.

Proprietor No. T ol. IV. 1o;:27..



FLORIDA FRUIT EXCHANGE' Minis's'' Improved Large e Purple e E En[ PlantNow .. =m.c

Offered for the.First Time Is Absolutely Pure. nJ: a.
rlce of sales fornlshtd
on application.Catalogues weekly' Seed of high vitality; plants strong, vigorous and thornless; fruit large; dark
rich purple color; entirely free from light streaks; weighs 5 to 6 pounds each.A tJc

Packet, 10 cents; J oz., 25 cents; oz., 50 cents ; J lb., $1.75; lb., $6.00. nJfI: 0


D, AGENTS' H. G. HASTINGS I & CO., o a.o .

C -
Wholesal,Commission) Fruits, and Tegetablei.Btencll ..m
return *on application -
'1W South watr Street.CblnunftC3o.pt And Building Meterial.CHARLESTON .

S. C.

G.SUCCESSORS S. PALMER TO The Virginia Ventilated Fruit CarriersFOR

'ICG Jleade street,Yew York. BENTON & UPSON,

Oranges Lemons, Pineapples, and all other
Fruits ana. early truck- also. dried fruits,nuts, No. 41-6 Baskets, three-quarter Bushel. No. 34-16-quart gift crate. JACIcsoTflhILLE, FI1A,
ion etc. No. 42-4 one-half Bushel. No. 36-33- f
All consignments promptly remitted for. Sten .
II No. 30-32- standard crate.
No. 50 2
dls and market reports furnished free. -
References: Bradstreets,and established merchants Send for catalogues,prices and samples. IRRIGATING

and banks of the South. SOUTH SIDE MFG. CO., Petersburg, Va. i

& CO.,

LILLY I WHOLESALE /S Southernmost Establishment in U. S. MACHINERY

Rare new fruits;Shrubbery;Ornamental plants-Palms,Orchids ,Ferns,
COMMISSION I MERCHANTS. l l Bamboos, Cactus, Conifers,Aquatics. Stock safely shipped over the whole .

Chattanooga 3 world. Fine illustrated.catalogue of 109 pages sent on receipt of IOC. Clct' 218 King Street, ,Tenn.
\ i
Consignments Solicited. % .,,,,_ healthy stock. Low prices.'

S>* REASONER BROS., Oncco, Fla. {

Xvvc,'Bare and Description Elegant J''(Jnt. of Every Milwiukee Florida. Orange Go. Valve, Hose Etc.

Palms Orchids, Cacti and Bamboos. Selected strains of Choicest Varieties of Citrus Fruit Trees a Specialty. WRITE FOR ESTIMATES.

., Shade and ornameatal trees and shrubs for South- Budding-Wood for sale at all times.. 1 .> l ..
cm lawns and gardens. Choice exotic plants Our stock is large and complete. PROMPT ATTENTION TO CORRESPONDENCE.For '
for the greenhouse or conservatory. Catalogue and Price-List,address

in ORANGE all the leading AND varieties LEMON budded from TREES bearing A. L. DUNCAN, Manager, Dunedin: Ma. FRUIT? ;TREES...

tree on our own true grounds to name.and guaranteed ... J. J ,.o ,_,

All the New and Desirable Tropical JOHN CLARK SON & CO. SOUTHERN ORCHARDS.Write .
Fruits. Our 88 page Illustrated and Descriptive .. .
Catalogue for 1892 tells all about these things,and for Catalogue! and price list. :
is cent free Jo applicants. Address JI 4NINCS' NMRSERY co..
"; R. D. HOYT. Manager Thomasville; .


;ICoal, Hay, Grain, Wines, Liquors, Cigars, Tobacco, Etc. mated.have A BOON We the variety TO AGRICULTURE.We that.. is tested and.acclI-.
/!! guarantee seed,crop of'92.in.spected
and in sealed bags. For the
AC SONVILLE";: x x.,&. Scarlet Clover Bulletin No. 16., of the Delaware -
Agricultural Experiment Station, circular: ,
Trade Mark. prices, etc., address the growers..The Dela-!
HOLLJS', CANNED> MEAT FOR PODIATRY Sec'y ware., Fruit xehan,Delaware.e. SAMX H. D' RnY.WoodsJde. .
Wfll-Makellens Lay:1 PRICE LIST OF W ISKEY. 4t
Will Make.Chickens Grow!
: Parker..........................:........81 75 Martin Rye..........................83 00 Six days earlier tbaa
AND GOOD FOR MOULTING FOWLS. Orange Valley...........................- 2 00 Virginia Glades ............... ......... ...4 00 .4421 ,AOT Ttrlerr tt w 'ThisCood; is strictly fresh meat, carefully'1t Spring:Valley: ...... ..................... '2 6OXortb. Old Bourbon .'........................... 5 00 Agrleuitl' Ex. Orounds
,, fine,.seasoned and hermetically Carolina Corn................... 2 50 Kentucky Sour Iarlh; .... ............ 5 00 at Uea"..N. T. 'Colot
sealed ground ; ,Clifton. .. Club. .:.:...-.:.,. .._............ Old Baker ,...........:....... ......... 5 00' 'pHDilJl1'tender bite pulp.
in 8-lb. cans. Being.ground fine if can "' "- Uontrose Tel vet................. 80 00 Uctou sweet Tl.onlyrra sndn4.
be readily mixed with soft food and fed so as to that ranks flntbotbteearliarM
fiTexshare Price yt.cent* ', Jugs Extra: ,One gallon,.ac.; two gallon,Soc.; three UOD.5C. ,Remit. bY.POSt' ellic4. looney. and nulitr.
} .
rdefchtck or.uptered letter. We cannot ship C.-O.D.'to dry tCWDI.A Each Tine sealed wJin
per,can.; 13.o4 per:.dozen. Address HOU3S .' complete.. price. Us of Groceries. and Wine List,sent free on applicaUon.. Y -____ _- .- our rnrtetezed T(14*.
PRESSED lEAJT & ,WOOL CO. 20 North, '"' mark labeL Send lot
Boston,Mass, .[Mention.paper.j] JOHN CLARK, SON & CO. ia'c ut.r.Y_*Rpi1Yli lutturu.-rlnformalton.; 1IQYM ..01\8. New Agents Cauau.wanted ca.k .

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: _=-- It will destroy the SPIDER which, is causing the fruit and leaves to drop and

in many cases killing the limbs. ..

It will kill the MOVING SCALE. This is the hatching period and now is the time to spray.

It will destroy the RUST MITE, of which Hubbard found 60,000 on a single leaf, thereby saving the cost of feeding such an enormous .-.

mass of insect life, and by their destruction secure bright fruit.

It will not only prevent the oranges from rusting, but give them a bright, sparkling color that can be obtained in no other way. tIt

will cure FOOT ROT and prevent infection and spreading.It .

will destroy FUNGUS and LICHEN GROWTH, giving the trees a healthy appearance. ,_0 <:.

It will, as Mr.Axline (Axline & Markely, Cincinnati) says, return you ten dollars for every one that it will cost.


OneQuart: in 50 Gallons Water.. is Sufficient. Spraying Outfits in Great Variety at Manufacturers', Prices.

E. BEAN: :, J"a.cl orx'villo, F1a_' .
t .


.R 'O.f : : (INSECTICII: >E) ,

Is.tht most effective compound yet discovered for destroying the insects infesting the orange tree, and is a sovereign,

remedy f n the various forms of fungi on trees and plants. Being free from all substances of a caustic, corrosive or pois-

onous nature, it can be handled with perfect safety to the person, and applied to the trees at any stage of growth without

.injury.This '
insecticide has been used by some of the largest orange growers in the State during the past two years, and has

given perfect satisfaction. References furnished on application.For .

Rust_ Mite use one quart to fifty gallons of water. When used at this strength the trees should be sprayed for '

the Rust Mite twice a month through the season. Where labor constitutes the principal item of expense in spraying treesit

is better and cheaper to use the Insecticide at full strength, viz.: One gallon of solution to 50 gallons of water, as the
fumes from the Insecticide will kill the Rust Mite even if the solution should not happen to touch them. In using the

Insecticide at this strength it will save three or four sprayings through the season, thereby reducing the cost from one-

,third to one-half.: This is an Advantage Possessed by no Other Preparation of Sulphur. If used in this manner it

will also kill the other insects that may be moving on the trees. 0o

For Red Spider and Scale, use one gallon to fifty gallons of ,water. General directions for using sent on application.'

Price 20c. Per Gallon, in barrels. If there is no agent in your vicinity, write for price delivered. 0 .

Spraying Apparatus furnished to our customers at cost.

: ", McMASTER & MILLER, San Mateo and Citra, Fla.





The Great Fast Express Freight System of the South.

P'SiThe attention of shippers is directed to the Plant S.S.Line between Havana, Key West and Tampa, and South Florida Railway between Tampa and Sanford;S., P.&W.Ry.between Jacksonville
Gainesville,Bainbridge, River Junction and Savannah;Savannah and Charleston,and Ocean Steamship Line between Savannah, Philadelphia, Boston and New York, and Merchants: and Miners
Transportation Company between Savannah and Baltimore. The best equipped,fastest and most prompt lines between all points in Florida and all points North and Northwest.
Receivers and Shippers Will Profit by the Following Unparalleled Connections:
Double dally fast freight service for all points West via Albany, Jesup, Bainbridge and Double daily fast freight service from all points North and West via Albany, Bainbridge,Jesup
Savannah and Savannah to all points in Florida; fast freight trains both via Gainesville,Jacksonville,Callahan :: -
Dailyt&st freight all rail connection via the Atlantic Coast Line to all tern, Interior and and Live Oak.
.Coast points,including New York,Boston, Philadelphia,Baltimore,Washing "J' and Providence. Four ships a week by the fleet steamships of the Ocean Steamship Company, sailing from New
Ii Four connections a week for New York via Ocean Steamship Company, aving. Savannah York(New Pier 35 North River,)direct for Savannah Monday,Wednesday,Friday and Saturday.
;:, ndays,Wednesdays, Fridays and Saturdays. The Boston and Savannah Steamship Company's steamers*will leave Boston July y,14,sr and
Two connections a week for Baltimore,via Merchants' and Miners' Transportation Company, 28 for Savannah direct making connection on the dock at Savannah with fast freight trains for all
., leaving Savannah every Wednesday and Saturday. points in Florida.
Connections for Boston via Boston and Savannah Steamship Company, leaving Savannah July From Philadelphia via Ocean Steamship Co.,leaving Philadelphia July 6,16,s6.every five day.
1,14,ai and 28., from regular sailing day via New York to Savannah.
,', Connections for Philadelphia every ten days via Ocean Steamship Company, leaving Savannah From Baltimore via Merchants and Miners'Transportation Co.;>> every Tuesday and FrIday...
; July iix,21. making close connection with S.,F.&W.Ry.,for all points in Florida.
h', Sailing days for Steamships are subject: to change without notice.
The Florida Dispatch Line Is the quickest and best freight route from all points North East and West to Florida. For full particulars rates stencils and shipping
.' reeelpts apply to any agents of the above lines, or to WM. P. nABDKE,Gen'l Freight Agent Savannah,Oa.
O.ID. OWENS,Traffic Manager, Savannah, Oa. Ft B. PAPY,Asst.Traffic Manager, Savannah, Oa. Tf. M. DAVIDSON, Gen'l Passenger. Agt.,Jacksonville, yea,
J. P. JORDAN Tray. Agent, Qnlncy. J. X. DBAYTOX, Trav. Ac....JacksoaTlll.

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ilEthORIDADISPATdll.r.I :: .' :




nose and Orchard: always be of the same flavor and alco cash and partly in stock of the com ratus, as well as the choice of machinery

holic strength. I make the statement pany. Do you not think that in this best adapted to such an establishment -

ORANGE WINEII.Full that this, equality of flavor and alco way the promoters of the enterprisewill depends on an experienced

holic strength is the best reason why reap considerable benefit? manager. I have been traveling in all

Details of a Project by a High 75 per cent. of the wine sold in Eng RESULTS OF EXPERIMENTS. Spain, Algiers, Italy and France dur

Authority. land as sherry wine," is nothing but experiment on 600,000 ing many years. I have made careful
genuine orange wine. examination of this question, and
Major George R. Fairbanks sendsus gave me an average of 20 gallons of
The which arises is where I
question now give my opinion it is not onlya
from Sewanee, Tenn., a letter on juice per 1,000 oranges, provided all
to find the best way to make a suc- technical but also a practical one.
this subject, addressed to him by Prof. juice is properly extracted ; but I am
of such
Serge Malyvan, of Ocala, of whichhe cess an enterprise.PLANS acquainted with a process far superiorto CAPITAL NEEDED.

remarks: "His plans seem to me FOR FACTORIES. the ordinary method and by which The capital required to be investedis

very satisfactory, and if carried out One idea is to start in with a factory process the juice can be squeezed out not in proportion to the quantity of

they will be of immense value to the of small size and to increase its in determined proportions and after wine manufactured.

orange-growing interest of the State. capacity year by year. wards, by a special apparatus, the Experience proves that, while a refrigerator -

We are much behind our California The other is to commence at first peel of the orange is entirely laceratedand costing $10,000 is requiredfor

competitors in energy, and it is morti-- with a factory on a large scale. the essential oil extracted along a factory of 100,000 gallon capac-

fying to see California wine depots My sincere opinion to start a factory with the balance of the juice, these ity, a $15,000 refrigerator will sufficefor

established in a wine.producing State of orange wine in Florida on a two substances being afterwards sepa a 5ooooo-gallon factory.

like Florida." small scale would be the same mistake rated. The result is that nothing is My calculations of cost are as follows

Major George R. Fairbanks, President as starting up a small claret factory lost, and the dried peel can also be :

Florida Fruit Exchange: in Bordeaux, and for the follow- used afterwards for another purpose, A factory" "of 100,000 gals" capacity.. will.. cost. $45,000

ing reasons: and fertilizer, provided it will be prop .. 150,000 a. .. .. 50,000
DEAR SIR-Understanding from .. 300,000" 70.000
First. It is of for. ". ,500,000" "' l4 "
not now a question : erly prepared 85,000
friends that have made inquiriesas
you of undertak- The above figures the results
to the establishment of a factoryfor making experiment or REQUISITES.For are .
business with fifteen years' experience in France
eventual and
ing a new re-
the making of the orange wine, J I establishing a first-class factoryit
sults risks it would be in the four in Florida and I
or as years am pre-
have much pleasure in giving you the is necessary to building a large e-
of which had pared to it under certain
case something never prove condi-
following information on the subjectand tablishment, comprising :
been tried before but it is tions to who is
a question anyone prepared to
the capital necessary to make a. The room where fruit is first re
which is already definitely settled. It i start such an establishment.
such ceived.b. .
an a success.
industry is for of the I Apart from these I
hardly me to speak re- figures can cer-
First, I will repeat in a few words The room where it is cut.c. .
sults of but will tify that the interest
calculating of
my own operations, the
what I have already fully explained The squeezing room.d. .
that I have turned into wine invested in the
only say money buildings and'
in several articles published in the The room where juice is receivedand
about 600,000 oranges, and that I was apparatus at 12 per cent per annum,
FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER, and prepared for fermenting.
awarded the first and the manufactured wine will
premium diplo. cost only
other leading papers of the State. e. Where the squeezed oranges are
the 28 cts. gallon if the is
ma at Semi-Tropical Expositionin received and lacerated into small per factory one
1889. and the essential oil of 100,000 gallons; 24 cts. per gallonif
pieces extracting
.. The creation of such a factory is a But I will mention as the best proof takes the factory is one of 500,000 gallons.

necessity of the day, because: that such an enterprise is forcibly a process The place. for the These prices of 28 cts. and 24 cts.
laboratory analyzing
i. The quantity of oranges shipped success, the results obtained by Prof. / and the include the price paid for the fruit, the
juice day correcting
each to northern markets is in- every manufacture of the
year Dubois, of Tallahassee, and those of flavor.g. syrups and the

creasing on so large a scale that it is the Clay Springs factory.A Room where the essential oil is wine, salaries of workmen, and all
already out of proportion with the increase general expenses.As .
separated remaining juice
in the demand consequently it than
Second. The quality of navor and clarified and purified and bottled for requires more one year
prices fall lower and lower-a disas- for making a perfect orange wine, it is
also .
alconolic strength, as that a large shipment.h.
trous matter for the
grower. quantity of wine with these requisitesthat Room where the syrups are pre absolutely necessary to ready
cash in bank follows
CLIMATIC CONDITIONS. are indispensable, can only be pared for giving the wine always the as :

2. The temperature in Florida is obtained from a large factory under same alcoholic strength.i. 1. The money necessary to build
the factory and to for all A
very variable, especially at the time the management of one individual, a The fermenting room for manu-. the apparatus which pay I calcu-

the fruit is ripening. If an unexpected practical man in the business, a chem- facturing wine. late for a factory of 500,000

cold spell happens and the ist himself, and able to regulate each j. Clarifying room. gallons capacity..S 85,000;

fruit is frozen, what is the result to the day the quality of the juice, its chemical k. Special room for utilizing all 2. The necessary money for pay

grower? Have you not seen this composition, and able to rectify it, dregs and turning them into vinegar. ingmen ing for,etc.fruit,during, sugar 1st, work- 115,000
happen a few years ago? when necessary, by the admixture of / Cellar for receiving the wines and 3. do do 2d 115,000>

3. The necessity of utilizing the the drugs necessary to preserve the storing them two years.m 4. do do 3d 11:>,000

dropped fruit is the question of the equality of flavor. Barreling and bottling depart-

day. Nearly 10 per cent. of the Flor- Third. Another point is to interestthe ment.n. Total .. .. . .. . .$480,000

ida crop is lost every year because we growers themselves in the successof Shop for repairing barrels, etc.o. And the company will then have on

have not large wine factories ready to the enterprise and for that it will Storehouse for bottles, demi. hand,

utilize the said dropped fruits and be[ necessary to keep off the market johns, etc. 1. 500,000 gallons: of wine to be sold

'sa.ve. the growers so heavy a loss- each year such a proportion of the p. Office and private room of man- during the 3rd year, the said

nearly 300,000 boxes annually. fruit that the market will not be over- 'ager. wine having been manufact-
ured the 1st
of wine stocked if that result cannot be Special room for steam year.
4. The production orange ; or } power, 2. 500,000 gallons ready for sale the4th
increases every year, and it becomes obtained, to diminish the loss of the refrigerator, water works, etc. year. .

more and more popular. The demand -I growers by utilizing the fruits whichare Such a factory must be in direct < 3. 500,000 gallons in full fermentation,

will become unlimited, providedthe now entirely lost. I mean by this communication with railroads, but bya for sale the 5th year.

quantity manufactured becomes the dropped oranges.As private spur, as the daily tremblingof 1,500,000::; gallons in all.

sufficiently large to be of interest. soon as a large factory is established the ground from continual passingof PROSPECTIVE PROFITS.

the first-class firms in the North, and it will become the interest of trains would be highly detrimental Now, the value of this stock of wine

also (which is an important question), the grower to support it and to be to the fermentation.The which will have the sherry flavor and

provided the quality of the wine will paid for the fruit he delivers partly in skillful disposition of all appa- 18 per cent. alcoholic strength, I esti--





mate, at the lowest price, that is, the and more frequent and deeper stirringof if only in labor saving, by distributingitself wise to oppose the lines responsiblefor

same as an ordinary claret, say 50 the soil would be better, by its own pressure wherever we this should have the growers'

cents per gallon, at which valuationthe MANGOES.I want it.MARKETING. hearty support.
stock would be worth While the of time is
$750,000, don't know the root system of the OF THE ORANGE CROP. question some-

against $430,000 invested. Do you mango, and whether it is similar to This is the cause of a good deal of times important, it should be much
not think that such a wine, of 18 percent less so. Fruit properly packed shouldbe
that the will and the of
of orange, but give an study some worry on part
alcoholic strength, should sell in good order twenty or thirty days
account of two trees on my lawn. our growers; but the discussions aboutit
readily at I 234 cts. per quart? To They were about one inch in diameterand tend to spread information and to from shipment; but, at the same time,
anyone not interested, or not engagedin there is no good reason why fruit
three feet in height four years do good, though there are many errors
the wine business these figures should be over five or six days on the
since. At that time I set out Bermuda made, and hasty conclusions jumpedat.
look high, but they are exact. The way to New York, and correspondingtime
grass on the lawn, leaving a small In the development of this ques
and riches of other
of the
secret success circle about the trees bare, and culti tion I have no doubt that the enter to points.

the French vineyardists is the low cost vating and mulching. The trees did prise and self-interest of all concernedwill PETER J. NEVINS.
of the wine and its high quality.I Merritt, Indian River,June 1892.
fairly well for two years, but the Ber eventually bring the matter right, 4
like call
would now to your atten- muda grass constantly encroached on whether effected by organizations or Does Cultivation Cause Fruit to
tion the fact
to following : the circles so that I decided to let it individually. Some of our people in. Drop ?

TO DISPOSE OF THE SURPLUS ORANGES.At grow, and for the last two years the sist that we should cease to ship our During a recent trip we noticed the

the last meeting of the orange sod is solid all over the lawn. Last fruit, and compel buyers to come and thrifty appearance of Mr. E. O. Pain-

growers in Jacksonville it was proved year these two trees bore three bushelsof purchase it. Some buyers come to ter's"young grove in DeLand and its
that the last crop amounted to three mangoes each, and this season they our State now, and when "there's fine promise of fruit in contrast with

and one-half millions of boxes and appear to have as many, or more. money in it" there will be many more; other growers carrying little or none.

that in ten years more it may reach They are about fifteen feet high. They but they can't be compelled to come, Shortly after, we read in the Eustis

ten million boxes. have not had a particle of cultivationin and even if more numerous, growers correspondence of the Times-Union,

What will become of the surplus? two years, and only the very little may prefer to ship at their own risk the following paragraph, which we for-

The American market is already already mentioned in the last two than to take the prices bu}ers considerit warded to Mr. Painter with a requestfor

overstocked and some people are years preceding. That looks as if no safe to pay. The perishable and a statement of his treatment of his

speaking of shipping the crop to culture and a thick sod was a good semi=:;perishable products, truck, etc., grove during the drouth :

Europe. I regret to say that this thing for trees. Doesn't it? Yet I raised from South Carolina all the way Many orange groves are in "June

would be the biggest mistake which should hesitate to claim that was the up to New York are marketed in New bloom" to some xtent, as if to fill the

could be made, and the result wouldbe best way to grow mangoes or any York, Boston, Philadelphia, Baltimore, dry loss caused season.by It dropping is noticed during that the.late the

the worst that could be imagined. other trees. On the same lawn there etc., and though there are buyers and high pine lands, where the trees on have

Certainly some small quantities of was a row of lime trees about five speculators who make a business of been properly cared for and the humus

fancy fruits could be sold, but how inches thick at the collar. Two years buying and shipping these products at not scratched to death, the loss from

many ? since I put a sprig bud from a sweet the main shipping points, yet from 75 I dropping has been very small; while on

How many times have I seen in orange in one of those trunks, and to 90 per cent. are shipped and sold I lands less system where of the"clean abominable culture"and has sense-been

Paris fives oranges sold for two cents when it started I cut the lime top off. on the growers' account. This is also I still adhered to in spite of the warningsof

In Nantes, during the time of carni-- The orange tree is now ten feet high, true of the fruit shipments from Mediterranean : the most experienced growers, the loss

val, oranges are used for fighting at bushy and thrifty, and with about fifty ports to New Yerk, thoughMr. : has been quite a percentage. When will

the "orange battle." Thousands and oranges on it. This is in the solid Bean's paper, read before the these old grove tenders learn that pour-
bare chemicals into the land will
thousands of oranges are used and sod also, with no cultivation. The Horticultural Society, shows that he is ing fulfil the duty of nature and its call not for

the price is five oranges for one cent fertilizer was a light dressing of muck under the impression it is sold at the mould instead of sand ? and that the

In Marseilles at the time oranges and a liberal use of commercial fertilizer groves. It was formerly, but for years' naked chemicals and our often almost

arrive on the market you can go to all over the lawn, but only scat- past the bulk of the Italian crop of pure sand are only a mode of burning up

any boat, pay five cents, take a seat, tered, and not cultivated in. oranges and lemons has been shippedby the fine and rootlets those?holding The best their cared-for fruit are

all day if like and eat as the on consignment. The groves
stay you IRRIGATION OF YOUNG TREES. growers those that some the
many oranges as you please. In the back of house I cargo of an Italian fruit steamer arriv- "fad" of the grove tenders-clean cul
Can Florida compete with such grove my ing in New York consists often of sev-
have a three-inch artesian well. Thisis ture.He
prices as these? eral hundred different "lots" or ship replied as follows :
connected with two lines of two
It is also impossible to deny that ments, and consigned to between Editor Farmer and uit-Grower:
and half-inch One
a pipe. suppliesthe
we are at present in a very stringent twenty and forty receivers or commis- Yours of the 29th instant at hand.
house kitchen bath lawn
financial position, as far, at all events, room, sion merchants. The curious point During the drouth we cultivated our
the other
sprinklers etc.
as the orange grower is concerned; ; discharges about all this is, that the Italian growers grove every two weeks, and if our
two of trees in the
but this condition will be advantageousto grove, whose fruit was formerly bought, teams were not busy, oftener. The
and then in shallow ditch to
runs a
a wine factory and the owners will and through the chicken and stable collected, packed, and shipped by result was that the trees passed throughthe

profit accordingly. They will make yard. Now late drouthif buyers, abandoned that way of doing drouth without curling their leavesor
money by selling the wine and essential during our business when the establishment of shedding much fruit. None of the
irrigation had decided advan-
oils, and probably in the end by any regular steamer lines gave them the crop our trees are carrying is "June
the trees along this ditch should
selling the stock to the growers them- tages show it. do will opportunity to ship their fruit and haveit bloom" except oecasionally an orange
selves. I remain, dear sir, yours They They sold on their own account. Yet a here and there. We practice clean

truly, SERGE MALY VAN. average the same in size and appear- great many of our growers think the culture only during the dry season.
with those in other of the.
parts former way is the proper way for us Trees will average 3 boxes to the tree.
that had
Indian River Notes. grove no except to dispose of our fruit. For myself, Yours respect ully,
rainfall. Those three and half-
are a
been commission man in New E. O. PAINTER.
Editor Fanner and Fruit Grower having
year old trees on ordinary pine land. Del and, Fla.
York for fifteen and knowingthe
Again, in another grove on the Mr. Painter's is and
trade ship to them, and feel satisfied grove young
ideas this
giving our of matter same sort of land we irrigated three boxes the is
1,200 that I am honestly treated; and I to tree a good yield.
the location and situation of groves is trees, whenever the weather was very would also say that the shippers of the We have no wish whatever except to

'. an important item. We are situated dry, from two three-inch wells. In one Fruit Exchange have in its New York ascertain the truth as to the effects of

on the east shore of Indian river, with corner of this grove 150 trees were so representative (Mr. Day) a gentlemanwho cultivation on dropping. If the Eus-
situated that could
we not irrigate tis will furnish de-
is vigilant and careful in looking
: little protection from the frequent
them but at this time there is difference -
no after their- interests and who knows tails as specific and exact as Mr. Pain-
; stormy winds, and with clean culture in the or thriftiness ,
appearance has done will
how to get a dollar for a dollar's worth. we gladly publish
the lighter particles of soil and humus between those having only natural them.
' rainfall and those This TRANSPORTATION.We .
.. burned upon the surface are blown irrigated.
.back on the scrub or prairie or out on grove is four and five years set out, know we are paying too much Preserving Fruits for the World's

the river, and only the heavier sand and just coming into bearing. I am for this. When the rates from Jack- Fair.

; left. Now, the same sort of soil in a not opposed to artesian wells or to ir sonville to Northern and Eastern Prof. E. J. Wickson, of the Uni-

"" wind-protected situation is much less rigation. I am giving my experiencewith points were advanced two years ago, versity of California, kindly sends us

e liable to deteriorate by clean culture. them. I think they are worth it was on account of a supposed short the bulletin prepared; by Prof. E. W.

We cut down the grass and weeds what they cost (about $110 each here) crop, and growers looked for a reduce Hilgard, from which we extract the

close with a mowing machine, and for a supply of water for spraying,etc., tion when the crop resumed its regular essential part. It will be observedthat

cultivate lightly with a cutaway har- and the one at the house supplies the proportions. Instead of this, on the even Prof. Hilgard admits that

row, but there is always enough kitchen, bath room, lawnsprinklersand large crops since the increased rate the color of the fruit fades after a few

growth to hold the soil. With loamy chicken and stable yard with run was maintained, and any movement months, as Prof. Van Deman statedin

.mucky soil probably cleaner culture ning water in abundance, and it pays, on the part of the Exchange or other- our columns a few issues back.


,- ----'-


There does not seem to be much en. color remains; while nothing is left in I Pineapple Notes. above-from a field containing several"

for further with the fruit preserved with sulphurous acid, Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: sorts.
couragement attempts after a few months. Salicylated fruit al-I THE RIPLEY QUEEN-WHO HAS THE 4. According to his own showinghe
any preservative yet discovered : in a measure its taste, while
so preserves GENUINE? has two or three varieties of Rip-
The most available preservatives, be- the other does not. I
cause accessible to all and not dangerous,, It is absolutely essential that the jars The Queen and all her daughters, I Isys.

while very effective, are salicylic and containing the fruit be hermeticallysealed. the Ripley Queen, Moscow Queen, 5. If Mr. Beach has two or three
sulphurous acids-the former now readily Glass-stoppered jars can be distinct varieties, all of which are the
obtained from all druggists; the latter made tight with "canning wax," or pa- Fannie's Queen, Shorcsby Queen genuine Ripley, is it anywise certain

generated from burning sulphur, as if raffine A very good way to prevent and the Variegated Ripley Queen, that his plants are Ripleys at all ? Or
done in bleaching; fruit-the latter fact mold on the suface of the fluid in case a are all so far as I know English seed
empluisizes the difficulty encountered in little air should get in is to put a few is it not more probable that it is some
is their home.
using sulphurous acid as a preservativefor drops of best coal oil on the surface be- lings. England other good variety cultivated in Jamaica -
fruit samples. It inevitably bleachesthe fore sealing. E. AV. HILQARD.Pinery. Wherever else found they are exotics. under the name of Ripley ?

colors in the course of time, if employed The Florida stock of today has been If it is a valuable sort its value will
of such strength as to be an effectual derived, so far as I know, from four
preservative. Nevertheless, the -The not be diminished by the uncertaintyof
ease with which it can be used, and the its being a genuine Ripley.A .
certainty with which it acts,have madeit I. Probably the first importationwas
a favorite for citrus fruits, apples and Edited by JOHN 11.:Fla.HKACII, Melbourne,, that of the late A. I. Bidwell, at NOTE OF WARNING.In .

other fruits not having very delicate Arlington, near Jacksonville, from the rage for Smooth Cayenne

colors.. But cherries, plums and berries: In Union is Strength.The Rivers, near London, England. Nine pineapple plants, there is danger of
of all kinds assume a bright yellowish or I obtained from Mr. Bid- the bitten in
almost white tint when so preserved fora great trouble in this State has years ago purchaser being buying
length of time. always been* that the people would well ten Queens and ten Ripley plants of unknown pedigree. Many

The solution is most readily preparedin Queens of this importation, paying{ suppose the smooth leaf is an unmis-
the following manner: Fill a clean not pull together; would not nor $8 for ten plants, $16 for the twenty. takable mark of genuineness. But

keg or barrel half full of clean, clearwater trust each other far enough to perfectany From this stock the Ripley has been this is not the case. A spurious sort

cellarmen's, bunghole"sulphur up,strip"and (introduce cotton stuff a sort of co-operative, protective quite extensively distributed along has long been known in England.Both .

passed through melted sulphur,) leavingit combination like the fruit growers of Indian river. Thompson on Pineapple Culture

to burn as long as it will, while closingthe the Pacific slope. Hence, it has been With me the Ripley has been en- and the Pineapple Manual, speakof

hole with the hand or mop. When that the Fruit Exchange, never having tirely satisfactory. Not three days this spurious sort. The Manual

the bunghole strip goes and out, withdraw the cask it. close rolling the been generally and implicidly trusted ago a gentleman asked me to name speaks of it as follows: "There is a

shakes until, within give a minute, the gas is and patronized at any one time by the the probable pineapple of the future. spurious Smooth Cayenne which is

all absorbed. Then blow in fresh air bulk of the orange growers, has never Of the nineteen varieties that I have nothing but the old and worthless
with bellows and the burningof fruited there is Smooth Green Havana of olden
a repeat been able to assume a controlling position no one more promising or
sulphur strip ten or twelve times; this from which it might dictate candidate for first place than the Rip- times." From the color, form and
takes about an hour's time. Then keep ley. texture of the leaves, I strongly sus-
the barrel well bunged up until the fruit terms for the fruit growers as the
is to be put up, when the proper amountof transportation companies do for the 2. The Agricultural Department at pect that some of the recent importa-
glycerine can be added to each jar of shippers. Want of mutual confidenceand Washington has distributed the Rip tions are of this worthless sort. The

different fruit, or to the whole if no difference unity has and always will prevent ley to some extent and Mr. Saunders, color is a very light green, leaves

is to be made. such a class of settlers as we have the Superintendent of grounds of the ,. slim and of but little substance, while

Or, according to the method used at from such various localities, even Department, told me that their pine the Smooth Cayenne of the late A. I.
the of the State Board of Trade
rooms ,,
nationalities from combining as a apple stock mostly came from Pine- Bidwell's importation is dark green,
an iron pan is floated on the water in a ;
((40 gallon) barrel open at one end and power to stand upon an equal footing apple Place, near London, England. with firm, substantial leaf Possiblythe
three-quarters full. Then sulphur is with transportation and commission Practically. I know nothing of this differing conditions under which

burnt in the pan, two or three table companies who combine on their own stock as I have never seen either the plants were grown may accountfor
spoonfuls at a time and the water well
fruit in Florida. this difference.But .
stirred each time until about two behalf. This is true of the State at plants or
sulphur has ,been consumed.poundsof The' large. But in our immediate section, 3. Plants of the Ripley or called it is always safe to "go slow"

barrel head is of course laid on while the I think, chances are better. The pine- by that name, from fruit sold in North where the footing is a little uncer

sulphur burns. The fluid thus obtainedis apple growers are all comparative era cities have been sent to Florida. tain. JAS. H. WHITE.

of about the same strength (one per neighbors while they will indulgenow From two of these lots I obtained Island Home, Brevard county, Fla.
cent.) as that obtained by twelve burnings .
Ripley plants one of them proved to <
of sulphur-strip in a barrel half full. and then in mild little personal ;
Instead of the gas, the solid "bi-sul- feuds and small gossip, still when it to be a Sugar Loaf, the other the Va- About eight miles of the new rail-

phite of soda," which can be had of most comes to a question of self-interest, riegated Ripley.MR. road down Indian river has been

druggists, may be used. The acid of the they stand as one man on the old BEACH'S IMPORTATION FROM JA graded, and at the same time work is
fruit soon liberates the sulphurous acid being rapidly pushed northward to-
"united stand divided
platform, we we MAICA.
to a extent for preservation
purposes,as has been shown by the use fall." They are beginning in time, 4. Mr. Beach says: "I visited many ward Daytona to give direct commu-
of the same substance under the name of while the industry is in its infancy, plantations of Ripleys and observedthat nication with Jacksonville. The survey -
"California Fruit Salt." Half an ounce and are following in the footsteps of there two three has been made in such a way as
or perhaps
of this compound per gallon of fluid is sensible and fellow to bring out the finest views along the
probably ample for the preservation of our prosperous distinct plants grown promiscuouslyin famous river, making this a "land
fruit not too ripe for the purposes of exhibition -! countrymen upon the Pacific slope. the same field. I obtained
and the bleaching effects are Following extract from the TropicalSun suckers gathered promiscuouslyfrom scape railroad" as well as a valuable

not nearly as great as when the gas is of Dade county; will show what a field that matured all these freight line. It is estimated that Mr.Flagler's .

used. steps they have been taking to standas sorts." investments in Florida this
Salicylic acid exerts no bleaching action year will aggregate a million dollars.
to terms
and is a power upon equal It is quite evident that there are
a very energetic preservative,
with corporations and other united several varieties of cultivated -
even at the moderate rate of one-fifth of pineapples goooogogggooooooggggggQOQOFraud
an ounce to the gallon of water, or one combinations of power whicn would in Florida bearing the name of 3

ounce to five gallons; the dissolution of otherwise be able to claim them piece Ripley or Ripley Queen, and we ask | BUYERS Fruit \Wrappers 5.1
the acid is best effected in water.
boiling U*
again{ who has the genuine? I shall .
But for the purpose of long conservation, Beach here the () ----- -- ---
appends constitution
[ not an answer with the dogmatic
it is best to increase its solubility by attempt NO
and of the I. R. \ MORE CHEATING.
using one and one-half ounces to every proceedings certainty assumed by Mr. Beach,
five gallons, dissolving the extra half & L. W. Pineapple Grower's Association but try to reach at least a reasonable 3 Consumers of Fruit Wrappers may
ounce by the cautious addition to the of which we have previously probability.The 5 now know that they get an honest
boiling) water of enough salsoda to makeit f ream of 480 sheets and not 400 or 330
( published the substance. We append in 0
Ripley originated England.The
clear, and to make it remain so after 3 sheets to ream as some unscrupulous
only the second article.] better class of C 5 dealers supply.
cooling. It is of the greatest importance nurserymen every i
that not a particle more salsoda be used The nature and main object of the where guard the purity of their stock 1 )
than is just sufficient to dissolve the last business to be transacted shall be to advance with the utmost care. Both the Bid- OUR FAIR AND SQUARE ;
flake of the acid the least excess of soda the general interests of the Pine-
; well and Washington stock came from 3 Wrappers are put up In packages of
will tend to soften the fruit and spoil its apple Growers of the Indian River and
(5 1000> each, and each Wrapper Is numbered -
of .
color. Lake Worth district, by becoming members sources unquestionable reliability.But
Ift printing,consecutively from
The solution so prepared may be pre- t of this Association and by co-opera- not so with the Jamaica Ripley, 1 to 1000.> No one can i
served indefinitely, and the glycerine( tion, concert and union of action insure so; confidently claimed to be the only 3
cannot be had) good handling and rapid transit of their I
white sugar if glycerine genuine, simon pure, Ripley Queen. HONESTLY BEAT .
be and the highest market price
can be added to the extent that may products 9J
indicated by the spindle in the fruit obtainable; also the adoption of a Trade I. It is not certain that the originalever our prices. Send for samples and

juice. Mark for the exclusive use of the members came from England. prices to i
While salicylic acid does not affect the of the Associatien and protection in 2. It has been cultivated for generations I
color of fruit as to tint, the solution nevertheless the use of the same by the prosecution at by a people not careiul; in their The Jersey City Printing Co., g
gradually I extracts the color of law of all infringements and counterfeitIng methods. JERSEY CITY N. J.
cherries and berries, coloring the fluid. thereof, or its unauthorized and ille- i
us at least .a measure of the original, gal use. 3. They were gathered-as quoted OGo0000+ OOOCOOO eo C ccaOJULY




I _


f! D T I IER\ good shape. Saunders, Woolverton! most useful to the traveling public. Poultry.
Beder Wood and Shaw seem worthyof What impression does a stranger get

Increase of Forage- Crops. trial. of a country or city without decent Edited by E.W.AMSDEN Ormond, PU.
Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: All the above are staminate. Of roads and streets? How can we expectto .....
The increase of forage and hay crops pistillate kinds Bessie is the best, beipg sell land that can only be found by Timely Topics.

this present year is one of the most large, handsome, very firm and pro- aid of a guide, or compass? The increased The rains we are having daily are
encouraging features in Florida agri-- ductive; it is being planted heavily value -of our lands would pay very acceptable and much needed for

culture that we have seen. The in- here and along the Gulf coast. Nextis the cost of good roads many times all farm operations, trees, etc., but

crease of production of beggarweed, Cloud; this is also a fine berry, but over in a few years. The time saved, for poultry men they mean more care.

pearl millet, teosinte Kaffir corn, not as productive or large as the Bes- horse-power saved, wear and breaking Houses must be cleaned oftener and
Johnson grass, Japan clover and the sie. Williams' Early is very much of vehicles, and last but not least, the I kept free from offensive odor, and the

sorghums for hay and forage we judge, like Michel in appearance, larger and !morality of the traveling public, for I one thing to be avoided, especially in
after a careful survey of the field, to firmer\ a splendid kind. Smalley's if they don't "cuss" out loud, theyare wet, damp and cloudy weather, is
be four times over that of last year. No. 6 is another good kind in every in such a mood when tHey get crowding. Nothing will invite disease -

We regret our inability to supply the way. Edgar Queen is very productive home, the dog will cut for the barn, more than an overcrowdedhouse.
entire demand for cleaned beggarweedseed and for a near market one of the and the children scud under the bed. Remember the temperature of

this past season. We could have best; large. Barton's Eclipse, Mrs. Now, Mr. Editor, I have used upS fowls is very much higher than that of

sold a ton of it without difficulty couldwe Cleveland, Eureka, Governor Hoard, ? much space on this burning question animals; when large numbers are
have obtained it. Townsend No. i all give large berries, I will reserve what I have to say shut in close quarters the air soon

:Florida must become self-supporting but more or less rough. This is, no on irrigation and "spider'- until I have becomes unbearable. I would advise
before she can get on a Solid basis doubt, caused somewhat by the dry time to cool off.. those living where the ground and
ot prosperity. Our people are begin weather. Regina is the very last to R. J WRIGHT. dried phosphate is to be had easily,

ning to realize this fact, and the increase bloom, and always makes a good crop Tangerine, Orange county. to sprinkle the floor of the hen house
of forage and hay productioneach of large, nice fruit. with it. It is one of the best and

yearshows that they are realizingit JULIUS SCHNADELBACH. Florida Clover. greatest absorbents known. Occa-

in a practical manner. As has been j Grand Day, Ala.,June. .20., 1892. Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: sionally sprinkle it, before using, witha
stated editorially in one of our State There is everything in a name, and very little crude carbolic acid; this
A Tale of a Bad Road. will and the
not only sweeten purify
papers, the hay question is a very se- we believe with Editor Powers, that
Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: air, kill the germs of disease, but
rious one to us, with hay worth $22a
the month I have been the valuable plant, Dcsmodium mollc, If
During past drive away all insect pests. freightswere
ton retail. Think of the thousands
is of much better name
deserving a
traveling over portions of Orangeand not as costly as the material itselfI
thousands of tons of hay that
upon Lake counties for the of than beggarweed, and we second his
purpose would keep the floors of all my
Florida from
have been brought to
motion that hereafter it be known as
and the .
investigating irrigation spider.But houses covered with it. A compostof
States further north. For ton
every There is innate
Florida clover. an
before I say anything on these hen manure and soft phosphate,
in the State is
of hay brought just $18 I
breast of almost
in the
subjects, I must relieve my mind onI prejudice every with a little sulphate of potash added,
($18 price)
poorer average another, and that is the road question.A man against sowing weeds, and I will make the best possible fertilizer
This and be here
can will grown who have been deterred
know of -
friend and started for all many
an for The
myself general use. most expensivepart
it is the farmer
and just assoon as this valuable
from plant
day drive, for a point some fifteen sowing of the commercial manure we
will be dollars better off and
so many under the of
because it went name
miles distant and I had been
over is In hen
as buy nitrogen. manure you
just so much less about hard times.
cry weed. It is too valuable a plant to
the road times several
many years have it in its best form and availableat
Our summer rains are with us now, be neglected and its culture is extending -
I said was""Moses" for ,
ago, my name once.I .
bringing with them an abundant
into other States rapidly. We
that day. I thought I could find the
growth of crabgrass. It is your op have sold it as far West as Texas and
road but had not
, very easily, gone am receiving many inquiries about
portunity. cut one, two,
you five miles from home before I foundit Oklahoma this past season. incubators; an indication that the
three or more tons, and save so much This shall cata-
necessary to make inquiries, so we coming year poultry business is on the increase;
hard cash? Or will putting
you go and ask
it Florida clover we
last house and logue as ,
drove back to the were but one word to those would-be pur-
your money in the Northern farmers'pocket'at the ot the of this State, and
directions which held press
chasers don't make
i ? given proper : delay, up your
the of own
expense your good for about one half mile, then also of our people, in removing from minds what you want and order it at
The outlook is encouraging. We are
the road forked again, and we thought this valuable plant the stigma of weed. once. It takes from four to six weeksto
producing more and more each year it would be right to take the right Florida is gaining thousands of set- get one after ordering, under favor-
what need for home .
jve consumption.H.
the lack of
hand fork, which we followed till we tlers each year, despite able circumstances; should there be

. Interlacben Pia.Strawberries. G. HASTINGS. saw a boy up a stub after a bird's nest, "boom." We know Irom the hun- delays, a still longer time, perhaps.
and he informed the dreds of letters we have from them October is month
-* us we were on : a good to begin
on the Gulf Coast. wrong fork, so we went back and got each year the prejudice that exists operations. Chickens hatched in
; Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: onto the other, and after traveling in I against planting weeds." The plantis October, November and Decembercan

Notwithstanding the unfavorable every point of the compass, and get worthy of a better name, and so far all be sold at fifty cents each to
weather and lateness of our strawberries ting all kinds of directions, from all as in our power we shall endeavor to our tourist hotels for broilers, and

they brought us remunerative kinds of persons, we came to the con make its new name stick to it as then they are cheaper than beefsteak,
prices. The Nunan was again a fail- clusion, they knew very little aboutit tightly as its seed pods stick it.to us and always preferred. One of our
ure. Cottonseed meal again provedto and we knew less. when walking through a field of best managed hotels recently said
be the best) fertilizer, and the Stevens Seven hours spent in going fifteen H. G. HASTINGS & their steak, such as was used for the

was the first to have any fruit. miles, without counting mistakes. Interlachen, Fla. guests' tables, cost them 40 cents per

. This variety begins to bloom too early Now this all wrong, and might be I pound, and half a pound was a fair
r -by the middle of December for the remedied if counties would make a : allowance for each guest. A two-

; last three years-and the frost blasts few main roads, between settlementsand S pound broiler costing 50 cents will

the blooms and fruit, making it no towns of importance, make them M quarter and serve four guests.E. .
earlier than other kinds that bloom straight as the country will admit of, W. AMSDEN.

; later. Fruit medium in size; very firm, and not go zigzaging all over the I A -

I and very productive. county to keep on section lines, which How to Prevent Disease.
! Alabama is one of the best market will never be used as long as the trail It is easier to prevent disease thanto

berries; large, firm and very productive will shorten'the distance. Such a road cure it, and about 50 per cent.
and will be the leading kind here could be made and clayed, and although cheaper. But I do not advise you to

. after this. Hoffman does well, but it might make threecorneredlots 4-: "dose" your fowls continuously with

.. does not last l long. Enhance is a those lots would sell for double something to "keep them well." If

large, uneven kind; very productive, what the. square lots would without 1 l I 1 your fowls are so "weakly like" that
but not very firm. Michel's Early is any good roads near them. Other you must be always bracing them up

certainly productive, and if only firmer roads would naturally run into the When"old Sol" makes all things sizzle, with chicken powders, pastes, pills,
would be one of the best. Lovett's main road from both sides, and the Drink Hires' Root Beer. elixirs, and tonics of all sorts, betterlet
Early and Phillips are fine growers, lands on each side would increase in When dull care makes life a fizzle,' them die or kill them at once and
and gave some nice fruit. Cherokee value. The right way to make a roadis Drink Hires' Root Beer. have done with it. Long experience
r firm size and make road. When you feel a little dry, in the of has
seems extra early, good to a care poultry convincedme
When you're cross,and don't know why,
F: ':1 first class market berry. Jefferson is The money spent yearly on the so.> When with thirst the children cry, that proper food, drink and care,
the largest of all, many berries beingtwo called county roads, if correctly applied There's a sweet relief to try- together with strict attention to the
inches in diameter, and not like would soon give us good roads Drink Hires' Root Beer. sanitary condition of the house ant

most large berries, rough, but round, between towns where they would be A 2f cant Package makes five gallon surroundings will almost, if not qui >.




banish disease from the poultry yard.I the brain. It is that touching of the sessing essential characteristics,health, Honey Flow in Florida.

have kept fowls in good health from nerve center that causes the musclesto vigor, size, disposition, etc. But
The first thing when I take
the time they left the shell until they relax and the feathers to yield"like when to do this was the point that up

were killed for market, without administering magic." Try it again and touch the puzzled me, for surely up to that time Gleanings is to look up in the table

a drop of medicine of any nerve center.-Farm Poultry. there was no sign that I had carried of contents the word Florida, but my

kind; and I can assure you that if the this inbreeding far enough to injure eye is very seldom gratified. How

preventive measures which I recom- Apiary my pets. I also found that there was often I wish that the talented ones of

mend are faithfully followed, you will good authority that disputed this theory Florida bee-keepers'vould give us some

but seldom have occasion to refer to -.... .,.. - --- -...-... of injury to certain small animals items oftener than they do!
the cure part of this book. Increasing: the Size of Bees. and insects.
Well, friend Brown has taken
Editor Farmer and Pruit-Grower
I. Guard against dampness in the : About this time I noticed where pains in giving us his annual l Florida
You used to deal out to us now and
and chicken
poultry coop as some one had, by a trick in his
then an interesting talk on bees but traps, report. I see by it that some people
you against a pestilence. If of late we do not much in that produced very small bees. That be- lead us to think that they get honeythe
the get
selected for
place a poultry house ing true would it be "
possible to round.
line. "year Do they mean toget
What is the cause ? Can it be
be well drained
not drain it
naturally, that the bee-keepers have taken to grow them unusually large ? And if a crop every day? Here in Orange
by artificial methods; and always place large and would he not lug homea I in
"spring dwindling" here in Florida ? spry county can get honey only March,
the coops for little chicks on the driest big load when his dwarfed brother
April, May, or July and October.
Bees do not have that trouble here so
spot of ground at your command. In had but little ? And
a one Between
one more the three distinct of
I take it that the keepers have it in- crops
all new poultry houses, and especially stead. still : Might not the big one work the orange tlossom, palmetto and goldenrod

those that are built late in the fall, red clover that is such a rich honey there is quite a cut off:
there is a good deal of moisture which for your encouragement I
plant ? If the small one can gather a Northern bee-keepers are sending
want to tell little
comes from the ground, and which, you story little because his
only tongue is so their bees here to gather in fine
big bees. Yes bees orange
when the house is my big ; not as
closed it
as must short, the larger one will possess a blossom honey, and, I suppose, get
large, however, as bumblebees, nor so
be in cold weather shows itself in
large and wonderful as the East tongue proportic nately longer and back North in time for the clover crop.A .
frost or dampness on the and giant "
India bee "get Mr. Lane, from Michigan, has visited -
walls. (apis aorsata) that our honorable
Dry, ventilate this natural
AN EXPERIMENT. my apiary and consulted me witha
Secretary Rusk and Prof.
moisture out of the house before the
fowls in. Cook, of the Michigan Experiment Well, last season when all who saw view of moving some bees here.
See that Station, want to send Mr. Benton to the my bees would remind me with the remark Dr. Harry Stites, of Harrisburg,
chicken 2. your poultry well houses ventilated and wild jungles of India to secure. By a "what big bees!" this occurredso Pa., has first sent a carload of hivesto

without coops are the cross between this large bee and our often that I concluded to test the Jupiter, on the Indian River, and,

the exposing of in occupants to native bees it is hoped we may be matter and see how well I had suc- ''a week after, he sent a carload of bees.
danger sleeping draughts of
air. 'able to get a hybrid that can work red ceeded. So I sent to a number of They must have hummed in that car.

the clover, as it is said by those learned in our big bee men of the North a sample This was in March, our swarmingtime.

yards 3. ,Keep the chicken poultry house and the apiculture that the largest half of all cage, and asked in return a simi- My\ first swarm came out the

coops every- nectar secreted is found in that one 'lar favor. In this time I had riggedup 15th of March.I .
thing about them, clean. Allow no
plant. So with a bee that has a tea- a balance, by which I could weighto never thought that first swarms
stagnant water, no decayed or decay-
animal spoon attachment to him it is hopedwe sixteenth grains. By this I found would despise nice orange trees as an
ing or vegetable matter no
alighting and would take them.
down the heaviest dozen little spot,
filth of kind may get honey to compete went a more
any anywhere about the with five-cent sugar.A than twenty-three grains, and the selves away to the top of a pine tree a

premises. Every morning sprinklesome lightest about seventeen Now hundred feet or so from the apiary.
grains. ,
absorbent, dry earth, land plaster LITTLE HISTORY. dozen of mine Well, I had such a case. Two sturdy
or coal ashes ( wood ashes Now bees about in a went up to thirty
never ,) my large came eight and three-sixteenths negroes blazed away with their axes
over the droppings under the roost this The start from grains, more
: a
; way wag queen than double the size of some I re on that giant, which finally came
and as often as once a week remove that came from Italy about eleven ceived. Well it the who down with a terrific crash, bees and

the droppings from the house. Every years ago. After two or three years I these fellows, set parties all, half of them mashed to jelly ; but

spring and fall, and once at least in had a very interesting apiary. Therewas saw and big all wanted to "buzzing"them. The at the other, which I suppose was the
midsummer, (oftener if some one hive in the lot that was once, try half ,
contag- par. result is I have this time numberof better went back to the hive sadder -
ious poultry disease is prevalent in ticularly noticeable on account of ab- these North break but much wiser to all appear-
your immediate neighborhood), white sence of honey and at least two thirds queens trying. to ances.
the record here I
wash the inside of the poultry house of them were drones ; two more were hear that on fellow surplus.remark Just"another Friend Olsen, from New Smyrna,
thoroughly. When contagious poul- not so very much better. One seemedto trick sell Not writes me that he lost 22 colonies out
try disease is present have but a quart of bees, all told to queens. quite, my of
among your dear sir. I have the first 50, through some greedy bears.
flock or among those of near neigh. while two others were just the biggest to sell for lucre queen yet Bruin evidently thought himself sadly

bors, use some disinfectant daily about kinds of colonies and crammed full of in need of a laxative. Olsen gave

the houses, yards, and all places honey upstairs and down.It Now, I have carried this inbreeding him some strychnine to put him in

much frequented by the fowls, until) was at that time just the thing to up to date, and in no way can I order. I do not object to bears, especially *

all danger is past. One of the best impress upon one's mind the desirability see that it has been in the least a det- in the oven; but as the

disinfectants is prepared by addingtwo of selection. While the first was riment, for surely they do get the.. croaker .says, I have -no use for the

ounces of carbolic acid to three I certainly a drone layer and should be honey, and the queens are very prolific rattler. In finishing up my twenty.acre .

quarts of water. Another good disin- superceded at once, the two colonies layers. But this year, for the first vineyard, one of the boys very

fectant is made by dissolving three following, by carefully cutting out time in eleven, I have planned to nearly stepped on one of those "var-

pounds of copperas in five gallons of drone comb, might make a small break away from the established line mints." It was dispatched before

water, and then adding half a pint of amount of surplus. The fourth one i by sending to Italy for the best queen doing any damage. The rattlesnake

crude carbolic acid. Sprinkle the dis lacked for inability to get up and hustle I that flowery kingdom can produce. I measured 5I J4 feet and was the happy

infectants about by means of a com- which the last two showed so will try one or two, also, from our best possessor of four rattles and a button.

mon watering pot with a fine nozzle. plainly they possessed -. breeders North, to see if it is possibleto Mr. Root, if you come down here

When the fowls are confined to About this time I read in AmericanBee further enlarge on what I have beenso next winter, as I know you must do,

yards a portion of the yard should be Journal an able article from Prof.A. lucky to obtain. Hoping the brethren I will show you that skin.-J. B. LA-

spaded or plowed up every week dur. J. Cook, entitled "Careful Breed- will awaken to their old-time in- MONTAGNE, in Gleanings.

ing warm weather.-From Our Poultry ing of Bees." The article was one terest in the Apiary Department, is

Doctor. that impressed upon me the very great the wish of yours truly.CORPORAL, 000..0 .
importance of weeding out the tares. MURDOCK.P. .
smallest Pill in the World r
Killing Fowls.In About this time I had about my first S.-Now, this may not be to e'1'ho e

the November number (page 25)) experience in raising queens. They your liking, Mr.\ Editor. You may Tuft's Tiny Pills.

you give directions for killing fowls were from my best colony. I destroyed I not consider that industry to amountto _

by cutting across the roof of the all the queens but the two best much in Florida. I take this e To purge the bowels does not make(Ai.,

mouth, and say the feathers come out ones. The four hives were requeenedfrom from not seeing much of late in condition them regular than before.leaves The them Uyer"In worse the

like magic. I tried it, but they didn't selected best ones from this THE DISPATCH about bees. I have, IB w Beat of trouble and the remedy must(.a
act on it. Tntt' Liver PHI act.directly
come out at all. S. W.S. batch, and by fall there was a decided however, taken this season as high as on that organ Tiny,canting a free...
That in of Hp flow of bile,without which the bowels -(_
direction for killing was cop- improvement these four. I kept seventy-three pounds surplus just are always constipated. Price,2Cc
ied from the circular of a New York this up for a few seasons, until I had from one single colony during orange -

dealer. Please note that the feathersdo all the bees I desired. I kept in mind bloom, and for this I got a nice price.. USE TUTT'S HAIR DYE;

not come out like magic till after the tenable position of our best breeders I really think we may make this in- a ible perfect to detect Imitation it. Price nature, 81 )per impoa-3sz...

"the, blood has stopped running, and| that a cross between bees is prac- dustry pay us, should we give it due Office 39 ft 41 Park Place New Y.s!

r.e. en the knife blade is pressed up into ticable as well as between animals pos- attention. e tit __ __ e -




STEPHEN POWERS, Editor.P. imitation of the old Spanish fortress at kings, as southern fruit-growers are years in the deep sand, the Cracker

.O. Address Lawtey,Fla. now. They united, canned their fruit, "long-horn" is scared by the squad of
St. Augustine.The .
then called for what rates they wanted on

$50,000 which he desires t9 green fruit, insisted on and got them, glittering wheels which scurry down
Read the article on another page on and right of to the East in preference -
is asked from way the broad smooth bed of clay. Soon
raise-only $20,000
the late crop of Irish potatoes, especially to passenger travel, also cars to suit
Florjda-is to 'construct_ the State< their business. They will accomplish he will break with the cart off into the
the item telling how a shrewd '
the same to Europe, also at consumers with tail in the air and disap-
building and begin the work of collecting pines, ,
'planter raised "Early Bermudas" expense. The South has its cotton, sugar -
and forwarding the State ex- and tobacco manipulators, not to be pear before the march of civilization.
and them in the
fall kept excelled. When the same business .. .

ground until wanted. hibits-the gazetteer being relegated to ability is turned into fruit marketing, RAMBLING DOTS FROM A RAM-

the back ground for the present. then California must look out or she will
fall into BLING PENNo.5.Transportation .
second place.
It is that This scheme ought to commend
quite possible some growers Such talk has the true ring of busi--
will overdo the matter of buddingand itself to judgment of every patriotic Charges.It .
in it. Let the
ness surplus oranges
planting the King orange. It is Floridian as. practical and sensible and be turned into wine, let the straw- is the duty of every one who

a specialty and requires a special mar- secure an immediate response in the< berries and mulberries now wasted be< makes a public statement that fraud,

ket. It takes a true artist to grow shape of the needed subscriptions. In corruption or extortion is practiced by
made into vinegar and jelly, let the<
our opinion the was an incu-
such products to advantage. individual or corporation -
fruits and vegetables be canned, lethe any
> bus upon the scheme, but now that is
raise and fatten to show cause for making the
A State exchange published an item practically rolled aside, and the Flori- growers cassava
statement and some shadow of proof
their Such the
saying that a colony of 100 families da State Commission addresses itself own pork. arguments <
would that it is true. If one cannot give a
from California would settle at Avon to the direct work of preparing for an transportation companies un-
derstand and better than fair reason for the act the act must fall
Park. The colony is from Colorado, exhibit. This is positively the last respect they]
as being unworthy of considerationand
under the leadership of Mr. Pabor, chance, and unless it is improved,, would a phillipic covering solidly
A lie stand alonein

late editor of the.Colorado. Farmer. Florida falls into oblivion so far as the every page of our. 54 paper every week. its support.infancy, but when may confrontedwith

great spectacle is concerned. The Streets of Orlando. truth it slinks away like a whipped -

A large quantity of the e gs used There is brave riding now in the< cur. So with statements when unsupported -

about our larger towns are brought Fruit from June Bloom. with facts. So when one
of Orlando behind
streets a good
from other States, all on account of Last spring a number of growers on makes an accusation he must, in orderto

the fact that the most of the farmersdo the south shore of Lake Harris, including roadster, such as some of the vine- be believed and have influence, be

not make hen houses that will keep Senator Platt, of New York, yardists keep. They have spread clay) quite sure that the fault or crime has
several inches in the middle been committed.
deep ,,
out the ebonized editions of original Mr. J. Kaufman, of Jacksonville, and down the Rural has said that freight rate
rounding to banquettes, on
several others had about five thousand
sin nightly roaming the country over, schedules and rate sheets were made

doing their level best to break the boxes of oranges from the June bloom two main avenues crossing at right without regard to honesty, business

eighth commandment.-Floridian. which they marketed in May. Mr. angles and reaching quite out into the principles or public policy. It is

.._ Kaufman sold his crop, about 800 country. It is not the sticky, red, scarcely necessary to offer any evidence -

mud-puddle kind to which most of us to substantiate,this assertion ; it
U. S. Weather Review. boxes through the Fruit Exchange,
less accustomed in other is so patent to every one. Everybusiness -
were more or
From the government Monthly receiving$2.58 a box net. The other profession and industry has felt

Weather Review for April we quotea growers sold their crops through different States ; but it is of a light, brick-rcd its heavy hand and to-day the State is

few items : Normal temperature for agencies but all received good color, and so skillfully blended with sick from this terrible disease. Rural

of them sand by nature that it makes the per promises further on to present a few
the month, Merritt, Florida, 71.6; prices, some netting more
fection of a roadbed, be the weatherwet problems for the rate-builders to solve,
.. Riverside California Mean than the above figure. Mr. Kaufman
60.50. as no one working by the rule of reason
or dry. It is simply a natural
for April, 1892, Merritt, 73 7; River. states that his fruit from the June justice and equity has discoveredthe

bloom fine the sunburned brick pavement, laid with- The influence of extortion
side, 5980. Highest, Merritt 75.40; was very peel being key.

Riverside, 63.80. Lowest, Merritt, thinner than that of the February out mortar-not clinkers but soft. when placed upon the products of a

Flori'damaximum bloom. To the spectator on a rainy day on country, or the necessities of life, will
67 ; 57.80. the street corners of New York or produce discord and dissatisfaction

93, at Eustis; minimum, Relief from High Transportation between the people and the corpora.

38, at Green Cove Springs. Greatest Charges.An Washington, the sight of so many tions, and if the evil is not removedand

monthly range, 50, at Eustis. California old California fruit-grower, now horses going down on the glassy concrete the mills grind on, the people

maximum Needles living in South Alabama, writes to the pavement, as they turn the corners will become united and with that God-
96 ;
Country Gentleman in reply to a queSt is a sight to demand the inter- given principle inherited in every human
minimum, 24 at Fort Jones; greatest
tioner: vention of the S. P. C. A. But no heart-self-preservation--- grow
monthly range, 60 at Riverside. into a tidal wave that will sweep extortion -
The great drawback now is railroad horse goes down on the corners of the :
corruption and fraud from our
rates (rather'one of them). Should you in Orlando.
Revised Soheme for World's Fair clay streets beloved State.A .
a conclude to locate here, I can, in your
Display.It sense, recommend it only for money- Small basins, which catch and hold r

is quite possible that the illness of making. You can make on fruits I shall the rain, become somewhat fretted great many people have, by
name double the amount you can in Cal and resolutions in mass meet
Mr. Arthur C. Jackson may be of ifornia. Wedge yourself between other away after awhile, but a few shovel- speeches
ings and in conventions, and in various
greater force and effect than the robust growers; if not between as close to as fuls of clay mauled down hard makea the
possible; unity makes strength. For in- ways through public press,
health of some men. He has revisedhis stance, you have 100 acres of pears, 50 smooth surface again. A little dust complained that the charges put upon

scheme for raising the money for of plums, 30 of grapes, your neighbors is blown from its surface in dry our products by the transportation
i (
having same amount. First 'crop of
Florida the weather but this' can be laid by the companies were exorbitant and unjust
putting huge iooo-page fruit you are sure of, erect a cannery, ,
and service indifferent.
gazetteer in a secondary place, and have it all ready to can your best fruit, sprinkler.The the They
also claimed that these burdens
throw the cullings. If railroad were
offering now, instead of pages therein, company will not come to your terms on unyielding concrete or stone crushing out infant enterprises and

square feet of floor space in the Flori- freightage, same as other roads, in black pavement is well enough for the slow seriously crippling the leading indus

da allotment to all subscribers to the and necessary-the white, can your railroad fruit company the first yearIf will gait of a truck-horse, but it is dan- ,tries of the State. These matters have

fund. He announces the surprisingfact then accommodate itself by freighting gerous for a trotter. The finest pos- been presented to the companies in all

your fruit. In no case leave yourself at respectable shapes by the producers-
that is needed sible in nature is the
only $20,000 to pavement sea-
their mercy; by so doing you will get by the men who make the life and

begin operations with, as sundry good left. Your $25,000 can do a great deal beach, firm, yet yielding enough to prosperity of a country-in the hopeof

of Florida have of good here to make you rich, and help the horse from falling and lower and
friends agreed to con- all others. prevent ; securing rates better ser

tribute $30,000 to assist in erectingher Her fruit-growers are a shrewd,sharp these; clay streets are the nearest approach vice. But instead of the voice being

building. Instead of a phosphaterock business class of men; a dollar on the to it that we have seen. heard and the request granted, the
ground will be turned until it makes a rates have been increased and the service -
structure at Chicago, he now quarter, a half, and another turn and it Bicycling has now sprung into active made more wretched than before.
Will double itself-and all at the con-
proposes a wooden structure stuccoed sumers' expense. Fourteen years ago existence in the "phenomenalcity It[ is utterly useless to make com

with !coquina, thus making an exact they; were at the mercy of the railroad ;" and after grovelling for twenty plaints, for those who should receive

- "", ..- 0
,,.=v-- -. -' ,- q _' 0





them with respect and considerationtreat melon fields with melons so plentifulthat 7VIarl ets.JACKSONVILLE PHILADELPHIA, July 2.

them with silence and contempt.A one could not see the ground, The demand for oranges has been very

railroad manager and his immediate cabbages so uniform that one would OJ strong, and sound fruit which consists

associates are as so many kings. think they were from a lathe, orangesso FLA., July 6. principally of Californias are selling

Around themselves they gather such an thick on the tree, that one could not FRUITS AND VEGETABLES. from 2.50 to 5 per box, according to
the quality, in which there is a wide
amount of dignity-pardon, dear see the leaves; and all this accompanied [Corrected to date by Marx Bros.] difference. Georgia peaches have not

readers, Rural means assurance and with statements and figures show- These are average quotations. Extra choice sold thus far at remunerative figures,
brass that lots fetch prices above top quotations, while but another with of improved
they are positively unap- ing the great prices these things lots sell lower. poor weeK, stock

proachable' to the common herd of brought in the markets of the North, Lemons,Fla.......................... 2.00 to 3.09 better prices quality will, it result may,be and expected a that
orange growers and squash-raisers. forgetting for the nonce to deduct the Messina............ ......... 4.50105.00 more gen-
Limes, too............ ................. .50 eral demand set in. Pineapples are a
transportation charges, which Rural Pineapples,crate...................... 3.00104.00 little more plentiful, but market maintains -
has already shown at times amountedto Bananas, bunch............ ........... 1.50 to 1.75 firmness, from 8 to 18 100.
Rural was told on one occasion thata Potatoes, new.barrel................ 2.. 0 per
certain said in 80 per cent. of the gross amount, sweet bushel...... .......... 1.00
manager words and Florida cabbage, bbl....- .. .......... 1.50101.75
figures, to the effect that, "if the and sometimes more. Onions,crate.......................... i.ooto 1.25;
Turnips, barrel........................ 1.50 AUCTION SALES.
squash.raisers and cuke.growers can'tstand Beets, ................ ....... 2.25 June 27-Two cars boxes) California -
our rates let them sell out A majority of these producers left Carrots, It..... ............. ...... 2.50 ((700
to their homes in the North Parsnips, .......... .............. 2.50 oranges. Mediterranean sweets
some one who can and leave Floridafor perhaps an Radishes, dozen....................... .40 (straight car) 2.40 to 2.85; mixed car, bad
abominable climate. perhaps a profitable Cucumbers, not wanted............... order, Mediterranean\ sweets, 1.15; to 1.80.
Florida's good. No doubt but Celery.... ............. ............... .5to .60 rind St.
that this was the true sentiment of his pursuit, perhaps relatives, friends Egg Plants,each........ ............. .0510.06 Paper Michaels, 1.45 to 1.80.
and associates dear to them, and by Beans, crate.......... ................. i.oo Washington Navels 1.05 to 2.10; Seedlings -
heart. He would like to remove from Peas,crate.. ....... ............ ...... i.ooto 1.50 70c to 1.40. One car lemons
his line all those who when and through the influence of these CaulIflower............................ i.00 to 2.00 ( mark 3 box.
complain tinted to Florida to take Tomatoes....................._....... 1.00101.25 straight ) per
he applies the lancet. But he should pages came Peaches ......... 1.75102.50
up the life .of a squash-raiser or an Squashes, slow sale bbl..... ........too to 1.50
have been more discreet and kept the Watermelons..._...... ... ......_... .10 to .12 CLEVELAND, July 2.
sentiment in his heart where it is orange-grower or may be both on these Canteloup........ ................. .. t.oo to 1.50 .
railroad lands. Long before a single Mangoes, too.....?..., ................. 1.50 to 2.00 Oranges from California more or less
likely it would have found good com Grapes, lb............................... 15 spongy; good demand 96s to 226s, 2.45 to
with dollar comes back to them they may 4.25.;) :Melons in much
pany other thoughts of similar I POULTRY AND EGGS. larger supply at

kind. have paid out every cent of their little lIens........ ...........................$ -40 to .45 12 to 18 per hundred. Florida pines, per
If can't make fortune, perhaps the savings of years Roosfers.............................. 30 to .35 100, 11 to 12. Potatoes somewhat
a truck-grower a of toil. It has I Broilers.......................... ..... .25 to .30 stronger but nothing to boast about. .
good living from his industry becauseof gone-the major I Turkeys............................... i.ooto 1.25 Onions in light supply and prices higher.
part-to pay the railroad for the land, Ducks..I..... ........... .20 to .35
exorbitant charges on his products Geese................................. .10 to .15
going to market, where is the donkey for freight on lumber, tools, fertilizer Eggs...... ............................. 14 to .15
and other necessities. In the case of CHICAGO, July 2.
who would him
buy out? That's the
the orange grower, if he takes it from NEW YORK, July 2. California Navel oranges, choice, 4.25
question. People are looking for to 4.50 Seedlings, choice 3.50
to 4.00
; ,
the this ;
stumps, delay continues for Eggplant, 5.00 toG.OO; squash, crook-
prosperous and profitable openings, Florida pines, fancy, crate, 12 to 13.
not for crushed, blasted and defunct years before there is a promise of a neck, 1.00 to 1.25; marrow, 75 to 1.00; Melons, car, 125 to 165; choice per 100,

enterprises. This man showed a contemptible I' dollar's return. All this long time the tomatoes, Florida, carrier, 50 to 1.00; 25; egg plant, choice, crate, 75o to 1;

spirit toward an industry sweat rolls from his forehead, his arms Savannah, 1.00 to 1.25; peaches, St. tomatoes, Mississippi, 4-basket crates, 70
almost to 75c; com, Mississippi, 2 doz. ears, 50
labor and his feet
palsied by
which, if it had been properly en- Johns, 3.00 to 3.50; Tillotson, 2.00 to to 60c.

couraged, would have made the line tired and sore with so many days' toil. 2.50; pears, 5.00 to 6.00 barrel; crate,

popular and prosperous. He in his At last the prospect grows brighter.In 2.00 to 3.00; muskmelons, Charleston, OMAHA, July 2.
little while hard
the toil-
selfishness didn't think, or perhaps he a more 4.00 to 5.00; watermelons, fancy, 25.00 Florida pines, crate, 9.50; California
be rewarded.
to A
didn't care, that a discouraged trucker, some years are to 30.00; pines, 12 to 15c. Riverside seedlings 4.25 to 4.50.

compelled to leave his industry and new house is to fill the hope long PALMER, RIVENBURG & Co.
borne in the heart of the faithful wife
his lands on account of exorbitant ST. Louis, July 2.
who has endured the
so cheerfully
railroad charges, would be a powerful and NEW YORK, July 2. Pears, scarce, % bu. box, .75 to 1.00;
factor in counteracting the advertise. drudgery privations during the Pineapples are in good supply, considering peaches, % bu. .75 to 1.00; melons, 15 to

ments issued by the land departmentof gap of the orange grower's life. present light requirements, .25 per 100; oranges, Cal. Havana seed -
Bright things are in store for the lings, 5.50 to 6.00; Mexican, 4.00 to 4.50;
his company. It is an acknowl. children and all. with Havana sugar loaf 6.00 to 16.00 pines, 2.50 dozen; tomatoes, Miss., 50 to

edged fact that as the truckers and -per 100; strawberry- 4.00 to 10.00, and 75 cents per case; onions, Southern, 1.00

growers prosper, so do all the trades Florida 5.50 to 9.25 per case. Bananasare to 1.10 sack. P. M. KIELY & Co.
But before these
things are fully .. .
and professions prosper, and people selling quite actively at full prices. ----
realized there must be a wrestle with
flock to that section which promises the freight rate builder. Georgia peaches arrive moderately, The Texas Fly.
work and a fair return for money in- and when in fine order sell at 3 to 3.50 Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower:

vested. RURAL. per case for St. John; 1 to 2.50 for Alex- Cattle men are alarmed and cattleare
anders and 1.50 to 3.00 for Early Rivers;
QUESTIONS AND REPLIES. many are defective and range down in terribly tormented by the Texas

Another point the railroads lose 389. CARPET GRASS. W. H. F., price accordingly. Georgia LeConte fly, which has appeared in great num-
of and that is the Melrose. You the seed pears bring 5 to 7 per barrel, and 1.50 to
sight obligation can probably get 3.50 crate but arrivals bers for the first time this year. There
the from the Alexander Drug and Seed Com- per generally
they owe producers along their Augusta, Ga. windfalls, small and poor and sell low. have been a few for two or three years
line of road. This may surprise pany Choice Wild Goose plums are in good demand -
many of the rate builders, who think 390. STARCH PLANTLIQUORICE.G. and firm, but Georgia are often but they were hardly noticed until

that they are under no obligation to G. H., Bonifay. The starch plant poor and bring 1.50 to 3.50 per crate. within a few weeks. The fly is about
will probably not do well in your lati- Muskmelons are in active demand
anyone on earth except the stock- tude; write to J. A. McDonald, Biscayne when fancy, but Florida are largely poor, half as large as a house fly, a little

holders, and they know that the latter Bay. For cuttings of the liquorice plant and some do'not bring freight. Watermelons slimmer in shape. They stick to the
for is satis write to the Agricultural Department sell well when
greed money never large,and medium cattle and thousands of
day night
fied. Yet if these rate builders and Washington. and small melons also have a good outlet ,
stockholders will a moment they I 391. PASTING THE PAPER. C. H. but at low prices, the large ones ranging them, until they eat raw place.
stop B., New Haven. Our folder and pasteris from 22 to 25 per 100, and small, 8 to 14. Kerosene, whale oil soap, axle
may discover that a majority of the the best machine that could be boughtin Squash quiet. Tomatoes are poor and grease and various things have been

truckers and growers were induced to your State, but our workmen may. not working out slowly at low and irregular tried, but so far no satisfactory remedy
locate on their line by and throughthe yet have learned completely the handlingof prices; a few Jersey have appeared and has been found.
statements made by the land department it. bring 1.75 to 2.25 per box, while Southern I!
from 50c to bushel \Ve hope his stay, like some other
of their roads. These departments 392. IRRIGATION. C.A., Cambridge, range 1.50.per ,
0 Mass. Our pages have lately contained crate and carrier. Crystal Spring ship- insect pests, will be short. Probably
issued and scattered broadcast some comprehensive articles upon this ments have made the lowest prices on his course will be run in a few years,

over the world pamphlets, maps I I subject, and others will appear from record this week. With good new pota- and he will depart suddenly as he came.
and circulars in which the life of a time to time. toes ranging at 1.25 per barrel, Florida
I[ in such numbers.
tomatoes at 75c, cabbage at 75c, and mean
trucker and orange grower is presented 393. A FRAUD. J. R. E., Altoona.
beans at your own figure, it is not sur- Orange trees are putting on an all-
in the brightest colors a facile pen The man who did business under the prising tomatoes should also sell at a low over growth as they do in spring also
could conjure up. These advertisements name of the "Florida Fruit and Produce price.
in this last heard blooming some.
Company" city, was of .
told of the abundant
crops at Charleston, S. C. We can tell you F. .TRUEBLOOD.
raised and the fabulous prices obtained nothing further about him. AUCTION SALES. Alach a a Co.

in New York, and proved, on paper I I June 27, one carload Crystal Springs I. .

that it was as easy to get your IF YOUR BACK ACHES tomatoes, 1.80 to 1.40; June 28, one car- BROWN'S IRON BITTERS
"bread and butter" in Or TOO are all worn out really good for nothing load, 1.00 to 1.25; June- 29, one carload,
Florida as It i>general debility. TryBBUJrN''s 75 to 90 cents; June 30, two carloads, 60 Cures Dyspepsia, Indigestion -

rolling off a log.Illustrations will cure you,cleanse IRON your B1TTJSM.It liter, and give to 75 cents; July 1, two carloads, 60 to & Debility.
have been made of a good appettt 75 cents.







Our young polios ing estimates on the apparatus, and it Those Kelsey plums ofIr.. Z.

a e J'ews.! is expected that by the time the build Hoyt's that were grafted on wild ...

ing is completed the plant will be plum stocks something over a year ago,
The Paternal Ostrich.The -
Mr. P. H. Walters, of Belleview, ready to put In place.Floridian.J. are growing wonderfully and promiseto
ostrich has
many strange ways, make one of the best, if not the
and I was particularly interested in has a cross between the Durham and P. Mace commenced shipping
best orchard in the
studying them. They go in flocks of Brahmin cattle, which has bred horn. peaches the 14th of last May. Last plum country.
three four females and male about There is something very significantabout
or one less so far and which is valuable for
week he averaged crates a day.
their nesting time, and for several weeksbefore'locfltmg 150 these plum trees when comparedwith
their nests the hens drop milk. He set his trees four years ago last the Kelsey plums that have in

their eggs all about the pampas. Theseare The Panasoffkee correspondent of December. They were dormant buds the past been grafted on the Marianna

called haucho eggs (pronounceduwatcho" the Times-Union states that J. H. and are set in a five-acre orange grove, plum and peach stock. The latter
), and are much more delicatein Stone received $1,710 net from 2( other row being peach trees.
backward while the for-
flavor than the eggs taken from the are growing ,
nests. They have a thinner shell, and acres of strawberries. Other growers There are twelve rows, twentyfivetrees mer are forging ahead in great shape, 1

when fresh laid are of a beautiful golden also did well. in a row. The trees are four and giving and promising large yieldsof

color. "We cooked them by roasting The rains have suspended all oper. inches in diameter, and will average superior fruit.-Belleview Blade.
them before the fire. We would first
four bushels to the tree.-DeLand
ations in the phosphate mines. We
break a hole in the small end of the egg Record. The editor of the Ocala Banner has
large enough to insert a teaspoon. The learn that one of the mines of Camp
visited McIntosh the
egg would be set up among some hot I Bros., at Albion, has caved in.-Levy Coan Bros. & Alcott have securedthe prosperous
ashes, a pinch of salt and trucking settlement on the west of
pepper put TimesDemociat.One contract to build a magnificenthouse
into it, and the contents kept stirred witha for Mr. Dommeric the Orange Lake, famed for oranges.
stick so that all would be done alike. hundred and fifty car loads of Despite the drouth this season's out-
The flavor is excellent and would Swoope grove now owned by him.
one egg phosphate, comprising part of threeship's put of tomatoes seems likely to come
satisfy a very hungry man. As soon as the wharf The house and improvements will cost
the ostriches decide suitable cargoes, are now on up to last year's, which was 50,000
upon a place about $25,000, and we all feel a great
and in the yards of the railway company if it does exceed it. Last
for a nest, the male bird scratches away deal of satisfaction in having these crates, not
the grass and slightly hollows out theground at the port.-Port Tampa Mail. week's shipment was thirty car loads,
the the bid.
gentlemen get contract, as
for of about three feetin
a space The first of and they are still netting 75 cents to
diameter. All the hens of the flock shipment Niagara grapes ding was sharp and spirited and some
from this place to New York was made $1.25 a crate. 1\Ir..i\1. Bateman, a
lay in the same nest until there are from very prominent firms elswhere in the

twenty-five to thirty-five eggs laid. The June 24, by Messrs. William Perry State were among the bidders.Orlando former hotel-keeper, is already $icoo

male birds then take possession and sit and Theodore-Gifford-four crates- Reporter.Two ahead, with a prospect of $3,000 before

on the eggs until they are hatched. As and sold for thirty cents pound.- the season closes. Mr. Knight,
soon as the brood can lea Te the nest the Orlando per years ago we made the predic- a retired section boss, out of last season's -
old fellow leads them away to feed on Reporter. tion that within a few years the
realized A
flies and small insects, and everything is profits, $2,500.
Judge F. S. Woodward after care- pineapple would equal in value
crop without cleared
lovely until he espies another male bird physician, patients,
with a brood. As soon as the old birdssee ful observation, says the corn crop in that of the orange. To-day we haveno $1,300 above all expenses, etc.

each other they make a peculiar Lake county is larger this year thanit hesitancy in saying that we believe

booming sound and every little ostrich has been for fifteen years. Other the pineapple crop of 1893 will Several parties on the west shore

disappears in the grass. The old ones field crops large. A good time com exceed in value that of the next noticing the beneficial effects of a pro.

then approach each other and engage ina ing.-Leesburg Commercial. We believe careful tecting handful of pine straw or wire
conflict. orange crop.
most deadly They fight until
will show that the grass on their pineapple. plants, have
one or the other is killed or runs away. Since the rains came the Gadsden figures pineapplecrop
The remaining one will then utter an- of the present season will equalin resolved to protect their plants in future -
other peculiar sound and both broods tobacco crop is doing finely. Mr. value that of the orange crop of and plant only fancy varieties.

will spring up from their hiding places Oppenheimer, the New York million- last winter.-Indian River Avocate. The favorite scheme seems to be to

and follow the victor, who struts off as aire tobacconist, estimates the crop of use posts with 2x4 stringers six feet

proud as a peacock. I have seen old the county at $1,000,000, but he may One gentleman from Bluff Springssaid above ground and form the coveringof
male ostriches with three broods, each be disposed to "bear" the market. that in that neighborhoodare
crops lath like with
of a different size, two of which they woven fencing, gal.
had captured.-Forest and Stream. The lake is now full of water, anda the best for many years, and farm vanized wire. The protection thus

> green, floating island has appearedon ers are feeling independent. State afforded is said to be ample cover at
.. Song Bird Destruction.With ments of a like cheering nature were
Orlando where frosts frequent
its surface. In time its growthwill are more -
each recurring spring and the have completely covered the lake, received from McDavid's, Brents, and severe than here. The
coming of the song-birds, the mails bring
Cantonment Grove
Molino Myrtle
multitudinous inquiries respecting the and where once the toothsome breamwas cost is estimated from $100 per acre,
Audubon Society and the mission of caught will be the finest gardenin and other points. The long drought down. With proper attention the

bird protection undertaken by it. The the world.-Levy T.-D. gave the farmers opportunity to thor- shelter will last for years.-Melbourne
organization is no longer in existence itwas oughly cultivate the growing crops
; items in Indian River Advocate.How's .
Mr. Plant that the
disbanded in 1888, after accomplishing already finding and place them in condition to receive ,
a vast amount of work in the field of trade at Port Tampa is justifying his full benefit from the rains of the past .
its endeavor. It cannot be said that the plans for a magnificent wharfage sys- week.-Pensacola News. This!

work was completed; it never will be so tem. The present wharfage capacityat We offer One Hundred Dollars're-
fashion shall decree There is less bloomon
long as that woman more or June
shall the Port is overcrowded already, ward for case of catarrh that cannot -
bird .
wear feathers in her headgear.For the orange trees all over the State, any
after all fashion rules. Commonsense and the business will, in the next
but this fruit will not interfere with be cured by taking Hall's Catarrh
humanity, decency, all these twelve months, undoubtedly quad. I
count for nothing; fashion says feathers, ruple.-Port Tampa Mail. the harvesting of the February crop, as I Cure.

and the milliner's agents scour the land it will not ripen until spring. The i F. J. CHENEY & CO Toledo, O.
in quest of bird skins. However enormous Great changes are noticeable just prospects are that both the Februaryand
may be the destruction by other north of the Union depot at St. will We, the undersigned, have known
June crops bring big prices,
human agencies,this killing for woman'swear Augustine. The large tract of rough as they will not interfere with each F. J. Cheney for the last fifteen years,
exceeds them all. An ornithologist land has been filled in, and now the and believe him perfectly honorablein
of world-wide note tells us that the other, and there will be less danger of
frame work for several of the all business transactions and finan-
number of birds of plume killed by a heavy overstocking the markets at any time ,
single millinery collector in the course of shops is erected. The buildings are during the season. It is doubtful if cially able to carry out any obligationsmade

one winter trip to Florida exceeded by rapidly being pushed to completion, the two crops of the season will by their firm.

10,000 the total number of bird specimens with the aid of nearly one hundred amount to more than three-fourths of WEST & TRAUX, Wholesale Drug-
in the two in this
mechanics and laborers. the season's in the State.- gists, Toledo, Ohio.
country. In fact the killing by naturalists past crop
-real and imitative-is in the esti- Years ago we heard an old tobacco Oviedo Chronicle.It WALDING, KINNAN & MARVIN,

mation of this competent judge, exceeded grower say that every wasp among his is estimated now that the com- Wholesale Druggist, Toledo, O.

even by the small boy with his hum- growing tobacco was worth ten cents a in this will Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken inter-
ble sling-shot engine of warfare. ing orange crop vicinity
p St day to him. He claimed they were be about two-thirds as much as the nally, acting directly upon the blood

Mr. T. L. Mead\ the famous florist, great wormers. Last year we watchedour last crop. The fruit is large enoughto and mucous surfaces of the system.

of Oveido, has just completed a Florida yellow-jacket, the mud. be seen, and almost every grower Testimonials sent free. Price, 750.

splendid irrigation plant at his placeon dauber and hornet and believe theyare says he will have more than he esti-- per bottle. Sold by all Druggists.

Lake Charm. He has a six-inch equally as good. In short, they mated a month ago. Many trees are

artesian well that brings the water cannot come;: to our growing leaves now blooming freely, and the rainsof
within thirteen feet of the surface andis and stay too long.-Floridian. the past few days have changed the

pumped up by an engine in any Contracts were signed on Mondayfor appearance of things very much. When I 1&7 core I do not mean merely to atop them

r quantity desired. It is conveyed to the erection of a building for the This late bloom will materially add to for radical a time cure.and then I hare bars made them the return decease again.of FITS I mean EPILEPSY a*

his grove and garden by pipes. He use of the Leon County Canning the crop. Owing Jo the severe drouth or FALLING SICKNESS hf.1onc study. I
warrant Beeaaeeothers
07 remedy to can the worst e&8eII.
has the contract of irrigating the Company, the same to be completedon many trees did not put out the usual hare failed la no reason for not now reeemnxftore.

groves of some of his neighbors.- or before October i. Meantime spring growth until these late rains Send at once for a treati and a Free Bottle of
my infallible remedy Give Exprew and Port Office.
Orlando Reporter. the officers of the company are secur- came.-Orange City Times. II. Q. BOOT, SL 0., 183 Pearl *C* V. T. .

''' .
''''S" -
.... .



"Make use of these two hints when in a letter to a friend written just be- BABY'S MILK.-Bottle-fed babies should

Our l\urral I fiome! you are sewing them on, then, and see fore his death. He wrote: have the milk changed to a fresh cow at
if they make any difference. When "At one period of my life I was least three times during the period of nurs-
ing. When our baby was born in Decem-
Rowing for Girls. you begin, before you lay the buttonon upon the point of becoming a French ber we were obliged to feed him on cow's

If I knew a girl who was dull, the cloth, put the thread through atheist. I had let go my hold, in a milk and had no cow that had been fresh
heavy-footed and heavier thoughtedwith so that the knot will be on the right great degree, of the doctrines of since August. He gained slowly, was
a blotched and muddy colored side. That leaves it under the button Christianity, and of the truths of the constipated, stomach out of fix and
seemed to be all the time.
skin, who sometimes thought she and prevents it from being worn or Bible, and was about taking the plungeinto When two months getting old worse, having a fresh

'. wanted to be as well as another girl, ironed away, and thus beginning the that dreadful abyss of atheism. I cow, we changed the milk and have had
but did not do anything to reach it, loosening process. was only held back from it by the no trouble since and can almost see him

nor knew how, I should put her in a "Then, before you begin sewing, recollection that when I was a little grow. I also make oat meal gruel and

rowboat in a shallow pond, place the lay a large pin across the button, so child my mother, who is now a saintin add two tablespoonfuls to each feed.

oars in her hands and tell her to take that all your threads will go over the heaven, used to make me kneel by the NEVER benefit OUT of OF farmers'GROCERIES.-wives-who For

care of herself, writes Ellen Le Gardein pin. After you have finished fillingthe her side, and then, taking my little live several miles from town who are in
a practical article on this healthful holes with thread draw out the pin hands between hers, she taught me to the habit of getting out of groceries or

exercise in the July Ladies' Home and wind your thread round and say, 'Our Father in Heaven." any little articles, and are in the habit of
Journal. Unkind? I think not. I round beneath the button. That j t running to some of the neighbors to bor-
row, I will give plan. I keep a
my penny
should have a long rope, you know, makes a compact stem to sustain the Watermelon Preserves. tablet nailed above the kitchen mantel.
attached to the boat, one end in my wear of the button hole." For Our Rural Home. When anything is wanted it is writtenon

hand. The position might frightenher "It is no exaggeration to say that As watermelons are in season I the tablet. When any of the familygo

a little at first, but the natural in my buttons never come off, and I'm herewith give you a recipe for making to town they never forget to take a
at the tablet. The order for
stinct herself would sure wont if use methodof of the rind that deli peep groce-
to help come to yours you my preserves are ries or any little article is always ready.
her aid, and then, too, rowing is not sewing." cious:
difficult to learn. To most girls it Pare off the skin; cut the white rind INSECTS: IN THE EAR.-During the
summer months bugs or insects are liable -
comes as naturally as walking. They A Cupboard and WhiskHolderfor into small pieces, one half to one inchin to fly into the ears of children, and
creep along the water, not far off Bath Room. size; drop them into boiling syrup unless removed will cause much suffer-

shore, first with one oar, then tryingtwo Get a nice store box about five feet made by dissolving sugar in water, ing. Take the person into a very dark
keeping stroke foi stroke, up long ,by two feet and a half wide. and let them boil till tender and trans room and light a lamp and hold it a
short distance from the ear and the bug
and down, "catching crabs" occasion. Put in it three shelves. Cover the parent; take them out and let the will quickly come to the light, as all in-
ally, old Nep's protest at being con ; top with white oil cloth to match syrup boil down till sufficiently thickto sects are fond of the bright light.

quered by such a courageous piece of washstand. Fasten at the top a brassor keep well; pour it over the fruit AIRING FEATHER BEDS.-Never sun

prettiness, and in the three or four copper wire, from which hang cur- and when cool it is ready for use. feather beds. Air them thoroughly on

attempts may be the delightful sportis tains, made of cameo cloth. Wash The addition, while boiling, of a a windy day in a cool place. The sun
draws the oil and the feathers
theirs. So this girl with the torpid the cupboard and washstand with little tartaric acid gives a tart flavor rancid smell., gives a

liver and the lethargic feeling must be strong lye in which copperas has been that is an improvement. To REVIVE A l\L\TTRESS.-'Vhen\ mat-

1 the gainer, for she has to think faster, dissolved. Oil and varnish and an tresses get hard and bunchy, rip them,
she must move and breathe quicker in exact imitation of oak may be thus Guava Recipes.For take the hair out, pull it thoroughly by
that unison of time kept by her fast secured. This will provide the bath Our Rural Home. hand, let it lie a day or two to air, wash

impelled oars. How can such a girl room with a convenient place for Now that the guavas are nearing their the tick, lay it in as lightly and evenlyas
long remain ill or stupid? brushes, extra towels and the like. harvest, I want to tell the sisters how I Thus possible, and catch will it down be as before.
prepared they as good as
of them. After and
utilize some canning
For the whisk broom make a holder
making jelly, Imake ketchup which is
Shade Trees. out of a large horn. Rasp off the For bitesor
very delicious and answers the place of To CURE BITES OR STINGS.-
The shade trees about our dwellings roughest outside portion of the horn, tomatoes, which are not a sure thing in stings from any kind of insects apply
have done much to make our then use a sharp piece of glass; finish all portions of Florida. To the same dampened salt bound tight over the spot.It .
with sand and oil if the amount of guava pulp add the same in- will relieve and usually cure very
wives and daughters pale, feeble and pomice, paper .
gredients would for tomatoes. Boil quickly.
neuralgic. Trees ought never to stand latter be deficient in the horn. After the pulp you after stewing and straining GOOD HOUSEKEEPING.-Always keep

near enough to our dwellings to casta polishing put on two or three coats of through a tin seive till it is nearly thick some kind of disinfectant in the houseto
shade upon them; and if the blinds white varnish, soften the horn in boil- enough, then add your spices and season- use. Air and watch your cellar, as
were removed, and nothing but a cur- ing water and cut out a piece for the ing. Do not boil your spices till the much malaria and fever can be traced
pleasant aroma is all lost-many fall into to that. A pleasant home is had only at
tain within left to lessen on the hot- whisk broom. Screw into each end
that mistake in making ketchup-as it is the price of eternal vigilance of the
test days the intensity of the heat, it small rings. Tie in these silk cord or like coffee, the more you boil it the more housekeeper. Everyone else enjoys it,
would add greatly to the tone of our ribbon by which to suspend the holder. the flavor is lost. I will give you my but she must see that it is enjoyable.

nerves and our general vigor. The On the front insert small brass i recipe : BETTER THAN SOAP.\Vhen your wash
piazzas which the lower hooks for shoe-buttoners etc. GUAVA KETCIIup.-Take one peck of hard
project over dish gets gummy by using water
Cattley stew till soft and
story always make that less healthy strain.ripe When guavas nearly; thick enough add and soap, wet a little piece of cloth in
than the for How to Make a Rose Jar. kerosene and rub the dish inside and out
upper story, especially one cup best cider vinegar, one cup sugar -
wash and will be
with that then
sleeping purposes. I am sure I have For Our Rural Home. two tablespoonfuls ground cinnamon ;to how nice :you it will look.
Florida is of the of cloves, two of salt, one teaspoonful surprised see
cured a great many cases of rheuma one grandest one It is far better than soap.-National
tism by advising patients to leave places for roses I have ever yet seen; ? cayenne pepper, and, if you Stockman.
like the flavor of onion, chop four large .
bedrooms shaded by trees or piazzas, they can be raised in profusion every onions fine and add to the mixture and
and sleep in a room and bed which month in the year. I have a plan for cook all for about half an hour. Bottleor Recipes. .
were constantly dried and purified by utilizing the leaves so as to form a can and seal tight and it will keep any For Our Rural Home.
the direct of the sun.--Dr. Lewis splendid ornament for the parlor and length of time. SCUPPERNONG GRAPES FOR PIES.-
rays GUAVA JELLY.-For guava jelly the Grapes not quite ripe, cut open and push
in St. Louis Magazine. which can be opened at times with the seeds then cook with little
best result is from the juice of the fruit out sugar
Keep this idea in mind when you good effect. Take a small can or jar when mashed without cooking, and I let and seal up air tight, can be sweetenedmore
shut the blinds to drive out the flies and fill with perfectly dry leaves; it strain through a cheese-cloth bag, but when used.PRESERVED .
and prevent fading the carpet. Throw sprinkle the -layers with the oil of do not squeeze any through,as that thick- FIGS.Take off before
the blinds wide open as long as the cloves, cinnamon, lavendar, lemon ens the look of the jelly. If you wishto quite ripe, peel and put in shallow dishes
utililize the pulp you can make mar- with sugar for twelve hours, usually over
b sun will come into your windows and rosemary mixed; keep all closely it tin seive
malade by running through a night, draw off juice into preserving kettle
summer and winter. Spread a sheet corked. Ornament the can or jar by and boiling down with sugar the sameas and after coming to a boil put in figs
over that part of the carpet and sit painting so as to cover the entire sur- any other fruit. for a short time, take up in dishes again
so you can toast your feet in the sun- face, or cover with painted satin after DRIED GUAVAS.-Another way I use and expose to sun while syrup is boiling
the of the toilette guavas is to dry them in sugar in my down, then return figs and when they
Kill the flies with manner covering
light. flypaperand stove oven. I stew them slightly:: and begin to look clear take up and expose to
insect powder, and-be happy ; bottles. When desired for a special sprinkle with sugar and dry in my oven sun again while reducing syrup to desired -
and strong. occasion, such as an entertainment or after doing my general baking, and if thickness, then return figs to syrup
-) on birthdays, it can be left open and not done with the heat of the oven, I and let simmer gently for an hour,being
Sewing on Buttons. the room will be filled with the deli turn them over and keep a little fire careful not to have too hot a fire and
till well done. Give them a good heat- burst the figs; use a pound of sugar for
"When I get a bright idea I always cate perfume; some use for bureau
in stone jars delicious
ing and pack away cans or each pound of fruit. The most
want to pass it along," said a lady as drawers, etc., as preferred. with another sprinkling of sugar. preserves known.

she sat watching a girl sewing. "Do FLORIDA COOK. HOMINY AFFLES.-To one cup full of
your buttons ever come off, Lena?" Home Influence.A ) cold boiled hominy add one tea cup of
"Ever? They're always doing it. beautiful tribute to the strengthof Helps and Hints. milk, and one of flour, a small piece of

They are ironed off, washed off and a mother's love, and the power of To REMOVE STUBBORN SCREW TOPS butter and two well beaten eggs. Bakein
FROM CANS.' -Wind a well rosined cord waffle irons and serve hot.
pulled off until I despair. I seem to home influence, was given by the cel- tightly around the top until it makes a .

shed buttons at every'step.", ebrated John Randolph, of Roanoke, convenient shape to grip with the hand. If out of order,use BE C1LU1'S PILLS.JAY .

i 4


FARMER AND TRUCKER. first crop is planted, and treat them this latitude for planting the crop. ing corn may be used. This consistsof

the same way. The usual result has We then use for planting only those an ordinary plow beam and han-

The Late Crop of Irish Potatoes in been an uneven stand and a poor that have started to sprout, and dles, with a crossbar in front, to

the South-No. 1. crop. Nearly all the growers I have ALWAYS PLANT THEM WHOLE. which are.attached two spike teeth a

corresponded with complain of the foot apart, and behind these a narrow
Twenty-five years ago it was a common Many failures in getting a stand are
in stand of roller. Thetwo will in
difficulty getting a good. spikes pull
south ofMason due to cutting the at this
practice everywhere the late planted ones. When properly potatoes plenty of soil from the sides of the

and Dixon's line, to plant a managed thereis no more difficulty in season. trench, and the roller will compact it.
But the most important matter is
late crop of Irish potatoes in July, getting a good stand of late potatoes the preparation of the ground and the Such a cover can easily be made at

from seed kept over from the previousyear. than there is of early ones. If any mode of planting. I prefer for the home. Potatoes, properly sprouted,
will take the trouble notice the in this will be certain
one to planted way, to
These, even when brought late crop, a piece of ground upon
volunteer in late and stand is
potatoes growing grow, a good easy to geLAs
which a of field has been
from the North are inevitably shriv- crop peas
o'f and from which the the soil is
summer on a piece potatoes grow pulledin
and mown for hay. This can
eled from sprouting and with but weak the early crop has been dug he will grown around them by running the culti--
usually be had even when we use the
vitality, and the late potato crop was find that all the, potatoes that are same land which the early vator through until, finally, the trenchis
almost the surface upon crop level. Do all the culture with the
always the most uncertain of growing are on
crops, for if we sow at once
grew peas upon
and that the one-horse cultivator and do
by digging or plowing ordinary ,
from the difficulty in getting a stand, the land as soon as the early crop is
land he will find others hill The will then
over deeply not up. potatoes
off they can be mown by the second "
and from the weakened tubers used
buried, that have not started an eye. form in the deep bed of mellow soil,
week in August and the stubble at
making a feeble growth. It was noticing this fact a few years the deep furrow will tend to retain
once turned over for the second
Since the war the great development ago that led me to conclude that we We practice an entirely different crop. moisture, and the crop will be larger

of vegetable culture in the had been making a mistake in plant mode of than if grown in hills or ridges.THE .
ing our late deeply under I
potatoes ,
South, particularly of early Irish potatoes the impression that at that season they PLANTING AND CULTURE IMPORTANT POINTSto

from seed brought from the would need more moisture to germin. for the late crop from that which we be observed, we think, are:

North, led to the discovery that the ate. Shallow planting gave better use for the early one. Early Irish i st. Bed the seed in the soil until

second crop could be better grown results. But I still found that many po potatoes in this latitude make the planting time. This gets rid of those

from tubers of the same season. My tatoes, while remaining sound, would greater part of their growth in a cool too immature to grow and which, if

first crop. of late potatoes from seed of refuse to grow, and that others, from season, and comparatively shallow planted, would leave gaps in the

the same season was an accident. It lack of maturity, rotted. So the planting and high bedding are best, rows.
was in Kent county Maryland, a stand was still rather uneven, unless because a ridge of earth warms 2d. Plant about second week in

point rather far north for uniform suc- very thickly planted. A year or so through more rapidly than a flat sur August, if possible, and use only

cess. The early coming of spring in ago it was suggested by one of our face. But with the late crop the con- those potatoes that are sprouted.3d. .
North Carolina ditions different. The soil is Plant in a deep furrow, but
1870 enabled me to get my potatoes Eastern truckers, at. a are apt to
planted there on the first day of farmers' institute, to be dry and the weather hot, and the cover very lightly, and pack the soil

March several weeks earlier than land should be cultivated perfectlyflat I to the seed.
usual in that latitude. The BED AND SPROUT so as to retain moisture. But in 4th. Never cut the potatoes for the
dug early, and, from of the potatoes before planting, and thento order to secure a uniform stand and late crop under any circumstances,
pressure plant only those which had started it is the whether large or small.
other work, the ground was left idle. growth necessary to cover
.. Later on, in getting the land ready their eyes. This idea, in connectionwith potatoes very shallow. Then, if flat 5th. Gradually fill in the soil to the

for celery I found that there were a shallow covering, settled the mat- culture practiced, the potatoes will plants as they grow, and cultivate the
ter of a stand. It was still found, form the surface and crop perfectly flat.
large number of small potatoes in the too, near as
land, and most of them were sprout- however, that the shallow covering before suggested, will be apt to be in- When grown on a small scale and.

ing. I at once planted them in the though essential to speedy sprouting, jured by sun, and frost too, by digging in dry land,

usual way and had a fine crop. I had the disadvantage of placing the time. I therefore hit upon the AFTER THE TOPS ARE DEAD,

suggested to a correspondent in Southern young potatoes so near the surface following plan, which is identical clean them off and throw a ridge of
- that they were hurt by the sun, and with what has since been soil the fur-
Virginia that this could be madea publishedby : over row by throwing a
regular practice there, while in later on were liable to injury from a the editor of The Rural New row on each side. Cover the ridges

Northern Maryland only exceptionalseasons sudden setting in of cold weather. :Yorker, I believe, as his own trench I with pine straw and the potatoes will
We therefore concluded to combine and recommended for there the winter well
would allow the practice. system, early keep during as
From that time there has been a con- shallow covering with deep planting. planting at the North. I make this as anywhere, can be dug as wantedfor

stantly increasing interest felt in the !I While, in this climate, hilling is of because, although I have never yet the table in winter, and will be

late crop. At first the only object in great advantage with the early crop, seen Mr. Carman's book, I have understood found in better condition for plantingat

growing the second crop was to obtain we are satisfied that flat cultureis that his trench system is the usual time than if dug in the

good potatoes for essential with the late one, essentially what I recommend. The fall. This plan cannot be well prac-

and flat culture can only be well idea was probably original with both ticed except on well drained ground,
done with deeply planted
pota of us. and not further north than central
the early crop in the South being use- toes. The result of my experience No matter how thoroughly the land Eastern North Carolina.

less for this purpose. Who first began then, may be summed up in the was manured for the early crop it will "
to use the second crop for plant- following recommendations for the be best to use a MONEY IN "STAND-OVERS.
ing the early crop of the followingyear late crop: There is a story told of a North

I cannot ascertain, but the use of The general practice is to use the LIBERAL SUPPLY OF TERTILIZERfor Carolina man who treated his crop in

these potatoes for early planting is culls or small potatoes which are not the late one. If put upon a pea this way, dug them in the winter and

now so general in all the market- fit for shipping, for planting the stubble there will be no need for shipped them to New York, and sold

gardening sections of the South that second crop. Some claim that this further purchase of nitrogen, as was them for "New Bermudas" at a fancy

comparatively few_Northern potatoesare practice leads to essential with the early crop; but it price. If the crop is- dug- when- mature

now brought South for planting, DEGENERATIONand will always pay to use six hundred care should be used to put themin

and these are mainly used to grow soon compels a renewal from pounds of acid phosphate and two a dark and cool place as soon as

seed for the late planting, the opinionof Northern seed, while others claim hundred pounds of kainit broadcast possible. The only difficulty about
that it for this these in this latitude
many growers being is nec- crop. keeping potatoes
that the culls are as good as
.. essary to raise the seed stocks from any. In planting lay off the furrows three and southward is the liability to get
Our own experiments in this line have
Northern .seed to prevent degeneration. not been continued long enough for feet apart, run twice or three times ina I them too warm. A tight room, made
There is strong evidence, how- furrow and clean it out with a shovelif totally dark, is about the best. In
me to give an opinion. My practiceis
ever, that no such course is necessary, i to take of the early not uniformly deep and regular. such a room, with the potatoes in bar.

and that, with proper care, the potatocan and spread potatoes them in the shade crop of Prepare, plant and cover one row at a rels, there will never be danger from
be kept up to its standard quality a time while the soil is fresh. Plant at freezing in this climate, for it will takea
tree or other out-door screen until
and productiveness better the bottom of the furrow but considerable below
as or they are well greened by the light. deep drop 32 degreesto
in the South in the North. We freeze and
as cover very lightly.THE a potato fully exposed,
They are then bedded in a single
are now conducting a series of experi-- COVERINGwe !if the room could be kept between 30
layer as sweet potatoes are bedded
ments with a view to the settlement of and 35 degrees at all times, so much
but, of course, no manure or hotbedis do with a hoe, and let the man
question. the better.
used, and covered with about two who covers tramp over the row after
THE GENERAL PRACTICEin I inches of sandy soil. Here they covering, so as to press the soil Some prefer to keep them in

growing the late crop is to lay aside remain until August. Any time after tightly to the seed. When plantingon HEAPS OUTDOORS,

the culls in digging the early crop, the first week in August, up to the a large scale, a machine similar to covered with pine straw and earth, ina

and later on plant them just as the 20th of the month, will do well in one used in some sections for cover- similar way to that used in keeping


:";i -



sweet potatoes. This is a good plan, THE ORCHARD. ORIENTAL PEAR TREES. Perhaps they,are not strictly plums.

provided we remember that the Irish This this as the botanist knows
new race, new to country plums. They
potato needs to be kept cool, while DECIDUOUS FRUITS. because of its comparative recent introduction seem to be a commingling of all other

k the sweet potato wants cover enoughto comes to us from China stone fruits. A good lesson in the
Best Varieties for Florida.
exclude not only cold but moisture.In and Japan. Only a few varieties. have mutability of species and the forceof
Pears are first on our list and lead
putting Irish potatoes in hills I
been imported. hybridity may be seen in these
prefer to put not more than ten bush. in our nurseries. Long experienceand
The trees are very distinct in their stone fruits of Japan. From the remotest -
eh.in a heap; cover them at once with a careful study of the situationhas general appearance and habits of antiquity, these curious people
soil and then cover with pinestraw or convinced us that pear trees prop-
have made fruit
growth and ableto growing their
are thrifty healthy, care
cornstalks to keep the soil from freez- erly propagated and of the right varieties resist disease and are great bearers. and their pride; and the results
ing. I think will be found are by far the most profitable fruit
they to
The mode of propagation practiced in as seen today in varieties evidentlymainly
trees for the of the Southern
t keep better in this way than if the larger part China and Japan has not reduced descended from the plum

i pinestraw is put over first, as we do States. their vitality. The Japanese grow species are truly marvelous. D. B.
with We are making a special ol
sweet:: potatoes. The study their pear stocks from cuttings of Weir, of California, says of the Kel-
culture and from
pear are trying yearto their wild and : "In it we have the leaf of
IMPORTANCE OF THIS LATE CROP types, thereby run no sey the
to improve on the old methodsof
year risk of deterioration. The imported peach, growing on almond wood
I of potatoes to the South can hardly propagation, and we are pleased
varieties are all beautiful, thrifty trees with almond flowers; the fruit with
be estimated. Its has with our success.
over use already and are annual bearers of fruit valua- the skin and shape of the apricot, the
made our growers, to a large extent, Our pear trees will live and thrive,
ble for size of a peach with the of the
cooking, preserving, etc. pulp
independent of the purchase of North and bear fruit, if given half a chance.
Our native forests do not contain cherry, the stone of the cherry, and
for the We have heretofore been Le-
planting using
potatoes early
the kernel of the
trees better adapted to southern soil plum. The flavorof
for it is found that these late Conte roots for all other sorts of
crop, pears,
the is
and climate than the Oriental pear pulp hard to define; it seemsto
being short time out of and our trees did well. For some
potatoes, so a
trees, but their fruit, while agreeablein be a commingling of the flavor of
the ground, are unsprouted at our years we have been experimentingwith "
flavor, never attains that melt- apricot, peach and plum.
planting time and grow with greater roots of the wild pears of Japan
ing juicy texture much admired in The Simoni
so appears to be apricotand
and find
vigor than the Northern seed. The they impart a constitutional

potato, it must be remembered, is onlyan vigor not possessed by pear trees our best table pears.It peach; the Pissardi cherry and
is more than probable that these plum, Botan, Satsuma, Burbank Cha-
underground stem, or rather, a propagated by the old and still com- ,
. Oriental varieties will take
imported bot and
Ogon, seem to be
collection of stems, around which the mon method of grafting on French or variously
American the place of quinces at the South, combined mixtures of peach, plum,
plant has stored large quantities of grown pear seedlings. These
i-- wild where quinces do poorly, as the fruit apricot, nectarine and cherry. Our
starch for food to sustain future growth. Japan trees are an improvementon
has a quince-like flavor solid flesh Botan is the
If I Abundance of northern
LeConte for
The eves of the potato are the terminal stocks for other pears.
and matures late and keeps well and nurseries and is the
This only variety.ofJapan
buds of the branches which traverse season our yearling pear
be used for all for which
can that does
purposes plums well there.
this store of starchy matter. When trees, except LeConte and Kieffer,
quinces are used. We recommend all of them
for southern
the potato sprouts this store of starch are on Japan roots, and they are larger
We have about dozen varieties of
3 is changed, by a peculiar unorganized and finer year-old pear trees than we a planting.
these Oriental in
trees test
} ferment, into a kind of sugar, which have ever grown before. orchards. Several pear have been our intro THE FRUIT

the plant can use as food. This changein We heartily and unhesitatingly recommend of these plums is mostly large and -
duced and sold at
high prices by nur-
a sprouting potato is shown at once them. of excellent quality, and the trees on
We have best to
when cooked for the table. It is no Our Kieffer trees are on LeConte, serymen. thought Marianna are healthy. All of our
them fair trial]
longer dry and starchy, but is clammyand or on their own roots. On LeConte ground before a on our the trees own Oriental plums are on Marianna plum

sweetish. Now, when potatoes they make the largest, and we think, for market. We propagating have fruited two stocks. They make short lived treeson

sprout in the cellar before planting best trees. On their own roots they 'rieties and of them va peach, and on the wild Chickasaw

; time these sprouts are rubbed off and bear fruit earlier and make smaller one they sucker fearfully.

the future growth is to some extent trees.Our THE MIKADO, We know enough about these

weakened, for these first sprouts are prediction made a few years should be in every Southern garden. plums to advise every one to plait for

t the growth of the strong terminal bud ago, that the Kieffer would probably The fruit is as round as a ball, large trial, family use and local market.

of the shoot, and all subsequent growth become the most popular pear ever and late; a. good keeper and has a We are sadly mistaken if there are not

must come from the lateral and weaker grown in the Southern States has come quince-like flavor, and can be used for heaps of money for market growers of

buds on the shoots. The true. While the LeConte is adaptedto all purposes for which quinces are these plums in the near future.

NORTHERN POTATOES SENT SOUTH the coast regions best, the Kieffer is used. The Kelsey blooms very early and

a success nearly everywhere. in the ORIENTAL PLUMS. the fruit is liable to be destroyed by

for planting have nearly always been South. We have so many favorable reportsof late frosts. Still we have some Kel-

rubbed off in this way, while the late THE IDAHO. the Japan plums this year, espe- sey plums every year, and every second -

home-grown crop have not started an The points of excellence of the cially the Botan, Satsuma, Kelsey, or third year an immense crop.

eye. Therefore when the home grown Idaho may be stated as follows : Burbank and Simoni, that we are get- They are as large as peaches, with a

ones are planted the growth comes I. The superior quality of the fruit. ting to believe that they will become stone not larger than a cherry pit.

' from the full strength of the terminal The LeConte and Kieffer are classedas the leading stone fruit of the South. Of the eight varieties that we growin

I bud, with all the stored up food in the good, the Idaho as very good to The climate suits them. On Mariannaroots our nurseries, we have full faith in

l potato, ,and is much more vigorousand best. Its juicy texture, aromatic flavor they are thrifty, healthy and the success of all of them, except pos-

able to withstand the f fickle weather firm. but flesh and small '
melting productive.
' [Continued on page 638.]
of our early spring. The importanceof
core, being seedless or nearly so, ren-
this is well shown by a letter froma
der it superior for the dessert and excellent -

Florida: grower, who states that he for canning, etc. '

planted this spring some Northern- It is has
2. a good keeper, never
grown potatoes and also some of his been known to rot at the core. DDisBrilliant

own seed from the late crop. Early Its
3. large size, globular shape and
in March a severe frost came, which handsome appearance.

entirely destroyed the potatoes from 4. Its.time of ripening, four to six !

the Northern seed but only partly cut weeks after the LeConte and Bartlett,

down the home-grown seed, which at a time when good pears are scarce. Durable !

were making a fair crop. This matterof s. The tree is healthy and a vigorous

extra robustness and ability to withstand grower, and holds its foliage during V V Economical !

sudden changes is one of the the entire growing season.

l most N.important C. Sta.items.Bulletin.-W. F. MASSEYin 6. It bears early, at five years old. Diamond Dyes excel all others in Strength Parity, and Fastness. JCo* dher..
7. It bears annually. It is claimed made of cheap and inferior aateriafc
jest *s good. Beware of imitations,because they are
As a Drink in Fevers that the parent tree has not failed to and give poor weak,crocky colon. To be sure of success use only the DlAMCKD DTP

Use Ilorgford's Acid produce a crop since it bore its first for coloring Dresses, Stockings, Yams, Carpets, Feathers, Ribbons, &c, &C: Wf wauaet

Phosphate.Dr. fruit. for package,than other dyes ever made,tad to give
them to color more goods,package any
Chas. H. S. Davis, Meriden, 8. All known facts indicate
we more brilliant and durable colors. Ask for the DIAMOND and take no other.
Conn., says : *'I have used it as an have in the Idaho what fruit .
growers Send postal b'Dye Book,Sample Card direction fcr eolorinc Photo.akin* to fast Zak .C BM Cw
accessory in cases cf melancholia and have been looking for for these fifty ( cent a quart),eta Sold fcy Dnaaittl. Addrm

1 nervous debility, anX as a pleasantand years, a healthy, thrifty'tree that will WELLS, RICHARDSON & CO., Burlingtop, Vt.
cooling drink in fevers and have
turn out plenty of first-rate ,....
pears aIlT )15" ,
been very much pleased with it." every year. r..1W ForOlI41J1lorBroJldac rtid.s. US" DIAMOND!I PAINTSI C ppGold.r. 0&11' 10 CosM




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; ... 0 .. ""'o W -
's f-; :> ;;


... "

VQL.VL "Agriculture is the Basis of Wealth." No. 27

"The Ruinous Auction System. their goods, would net the manufac- for your shipment of 200 boxes of capital invested in or loaned upon
Editor Alliance Department: turers more dollars than such an auc- oranges you made last month ?" them, but. it is certainly very large.
"The Ruinous Auction System"has tion system. Jones replies, giving figures. "Well, But it is beyond question that if we
its advocates, it seems, and' The The Florida Fruit Exchange is'in a sir," says Hill, "for my 100 boxes I can remove these difficulties we will
experience of the Old World has set- position to meet the requirements of shipped about same time, I received do the utmost possible to provide cap-
tled beyond a doubt the superiorityof Florida orange growers. The mana- just $40 more than as much again as ital for the South.
the old method of selling fruit." gers I have never met, nor have J I your 200 boxes brought you." "And it is also beyond questionthat
I do not doubt but that Snow & Co., ever sent them any fruit, but I have The orange growers acting as a all of these difficulties may be
of Boston, are good men and can ad seen their advertisement, and it out unit, business all systematized, would speedily and easily removed. In the
vance-to themselves -good reasons lines a plan that if properly managed, eradicate these mistakes. Successful February number of the Century is
for this system, but I am certain Snow backed by a large majority of the or- manufacturers always make good an article by Mr. Edward Atkinsonon
& Co. will not come to Florida and ange growers (and only then), will goods and present them to their cus- the 'Australian Registry of Land
buy oranges of the growers and ship bring more money into the pockets of tomers in the best light. Good prices : Titles,' which is apparently the first
them to Philadelphia or New York or Florida's orange growers than any can be obtained and maintained only serious effort to call popular attentionto
Baltimore, to be sold at auction. other, I firmly believe. for good goods. this subject which has ever been
There are conditions-sometimes, .An agent in every large city, for in- Let us shut out the ruinous auction made. The time is opportune for its
very rarely in the orange markets- stance Snow & Co., in Boston, are business and stop sending oranges to discussion, and surely the importanceof
where fruit can be sold for fully as given a certain territory to sell in, market that are green. the subject is second to none before
much, and probably more, by auction and they are given all the trade (terri- Yours, GEORGIA. the public. Within the limits of this
than otherwise. One hundred buyers, tory) they can reach and work. They, Sorrento, Fla. article only the merest outline can be
each wanting all there is offered, and by "working their trade," know just Florida Lands. given of Mr. Atkinson's article and
.know there is no more coming, each how many boxes they can sell at a suggestion. ,
will bid high as he.dare go. But when price that will pay the manufacturersa That Florida is not to day a more "It seems that in 1858, Sir Robert
there is enough, and more than enough, fair profit, and they, Snow & Co., prosperous State, may possibly be explained I R. Torrens, colonial treasurer of Australia -
and more coming, and more expected, order from the Florida Fruit Ex- in the fact that the titles to I being familiar with the increasing .
then buyers attend to buy cheap. A. change from day to day, or week to much of her vacant lands are not of complexity of the English systemof
ships a carload of oranges to market, week, enough to supply their trade undoubted integrity. This idea has land tenures, conceived the idea of
.... they are auctioned off with several only, and the Exchange fills their or- been advanced on numerous occasionsin having the State, after a due examina
'.' other carloads.; Buyers are careful, ders. Boston and vicinity is supplied the past, and it is but repeated now tion and investigation with favorable
bid slow, the auctioneer is anxious. by Snow & Co., and to no other because of the emphasis with which, result, give the owner of any land who
A.'s lot sold at 85 cents per box (worth houses are oranges shipped. Thus in in a general way, it is stamped by E. desired it a guaranteed title to his landin
$2.50)); buyers begin to stir; next lot Philadelphia an agent, and thus in all P. Alexander, who writes in a recent a simple deed which could there-
sold 95 cents per box; next lot reaches cities where a wholesale business can issue of the Baltimore Manufacturers' after be used as collateral-sold, transferred -
$1.00 or $1.25; then down and up, be carried on. The entire tradein Record on "How to Provide Capitalfor divided, or handled generallyjust
mostly down, till sold or demand sup every city, village and hamlet is the South." as a certificate of stock or a regis-
E .. plied.I thus worked up and supplied, pro. Mr. Alexander observes: tered bond is handled. A small regis
can, if necessary, not mentioning vided we can manutacture enough.We "The financial relief which the tration fee is charged in each case
f.. names or locality, give absolute figures want to so arrange our businessthat South needs is most quickly and surely (about $2.25) and a small insurance
numbers of boxes, varieties and it cannot be true any longer that to be found in the old-fashioned fund (about one.fifth of one per cent.)
prices obtained for boxes enough of i in some sections of our country no I way of finding good collateral for at the first registry to protect the State
oranges sold at one auction to nearly Florida oranges can be had at any what she needs to borrow, and it remains against any mistakes made in guaranteeing -
ruin: a good half dozen orange growers.I price, while the same day they are be. to point out what she has and titles.
think it is not necessary; there are ing auctioned off at 25 cents per box how to make it available. Her best... "The system is entirely an optionalone.
so many orange growers who will read up. We want our oranges sent to all collateral, almost her only collateral, No man need bring up his land
this that "got left" that need no other parts of the Union, and constantly arrange is her lands with their fertility, their for registry who does not desire to do
assurance. I asked a certain large to create and supply a foreign forests and their mines. It is to these so. Those who prefer the present
buyer during the pas.t winter whetherhe demand. alone that she is indebted for the won- system can continue to live and die in
would buy of growers this winter. The Exchange, properly managed, derful progress she has made since the it. But the State simply provides a
"No, sir; I can buy at the auction (this contains no hint that it is not) war left her practically with nothingelse bureau through which its citizens can,
houses too cheap for that." would refuse to ship green oranges, I only twenty-six years ago. Their if they choose, individually relieve
Snow & Co., at Boston, are doingall and thus spoil the palate of consumersfor value has now been demonstrated by themselves of the burdens which have
they can under the auction system more. They would refuse to ship practical test, and every year the need grown oppressive under the old srs-
for their patrons, but the good, damaged oranges; they would repackall of the rest of the world for what we tern; and which must necessarily increase
.. common sense of every reader of this poorly packed oranges in good are in position to supply cheaper than every time a piece of land
article will agree. with me when I say boxes and charge expense to shipper; any other section, is increasing. Our changes hand by gift, sale division or

that ,Snow & Co., and any and all they would instruct growers to throw lands are therefore becoming more inheritance. It is eminently a proper
buyers dare not come to Florida and away any and all oranges not in good valuable every year and are intrinsically and reasonable duty for the State to
buy oranges of the growers knowingthat merchantable condition; culls would excellent collateral. But thereis assume, because only the sovereignState
they have got to come into competition never be shipped. The writer givesone one difficulty connected with their can efficiently and permanently
at home with dealers who can incident: Two growers, neigh- use as collateral, which is so serious guarantee a title."
4 buy at auction. I mean, of course, bors, we'll say-Hill and Jones. that we can rarely use them even with i It is a matter of the plainest and
where the supply is adequate to the Jones[ comes into Hill's packing house our own banks, and almost never with simplest demonstration that Florida's
demand. When Florida's crop is where Hill is sorting and boxing oranges distant or foreign lenders, or if at all, material development is seriously retarded
much less than the demand buyers for market. "Why, Hill, thoseare only at exorbitant rates." by the agitation to which the
will come, auction or no auction. nice orange boxes; expensive, ain't Mr. A. then points out that diffi- matter of her land titles is being subjected -
The auction system is ruinous when they: ?" "\\V ell, Jones, they do cost a culty in an explanation embracingalike at Washington, this despite the
Florida can supply the demand.I little more than the rough lots." "I the cumbersome laws of certain actions of courts and interior secretaries .
cap conceive that an auction system can't afford to pay for nice boxes this States governing transfers and the which should remove all doubt in
might not be ruinous with the year," says Jones. "I buy cheap; questionable titles so damaging toFlorida the premises, and it might be well,
growers a unit, operating their own oranges low, you know. Say, Hill, (without special reference to for all States concerned, for Congress,
houses, in their own interests,. and what on earth do you throw out such this State, however), and continues: upon due investigation and when the
never sending to any one point more oranges as that for? Why, that or- "It would be hard to estimate whatis action may be warranted, to quiet in
than the demand calls for. But the ange is all right; that'll go, sure." At the depreciation of Southern lands : the States the titles to all lands pat
system that prevails'with all of our this Hill smiles, and turning to Jones: due to the difficulty, the time and expense ented, since patents, per se, do not
large. manufacturers for disposing of "By the way, Jones, what did you get of assuring absolute security to always constitute 'unquestionable


-- ,- .
0 .. .' or- ,




r ,

titles, and once and for all settle the I matoes, potatoes, etc., for the Western CROPS. Lawtey-4.25 inches of rainfall on
k question, so that those States interested I market; of producing milk they Weather conditions during the week June 27th and 29th, inclusive, with pre-
vious rainfall has flooded flat wood tends
.' may not be further hampered in know nothing, and, so far as I can were Alachua favorable for'cleaning planting sweet late cropsin pota- so as to scald and injure growing crops

a their efforts of advancement. The judge, would consider it humiliating : toes in Liberty county and; Escambia counties; and prevent planting sweet potatoes!, eta

States may then, in turn, adopt the I to peddle milk in any shape. As to gathering peaches and pears Walton Lake City-At least 10.00 inches of

j; system above suggested, if such be I butter-making, the whole farming fra- : county; picking pineapples: in Dade rain to fell from Sunday 28th.noon, June Suwannee 26th,
Wednesday noon,
I deemed necessary. ternity don't know even the first prin- county; shipping peaches In Walton and river rose ten feet in thirty-six hours
counties and
The task would doubtless be a cum ciples. It has been an industry grapes in Lake Orange ,
never pineapples in Dade and Brevard counties. Lakes and water courses were filled; roll-
bersome one, but its promised results of the South, and it will take a long ing land badly washed; fruit droppingand
' should prompt the action.-Pensacola time to educate them into it, althoughI REMARKS BY CORRESPONDENTS.Apalachicola melon vines scalded and dying.
-Orange not much Micco\ Sufficient rain.
crop Pineapplecrop
News. have made as fine Jersey and grade affected by late drouth, but beans and about shipped.
butter here as I have in any part of rutabagas in low lands were scalded. Molino-Fine rain on June 27th and
Crab Grass Hay.I the United States; the water is the Archer-20.19, inches rainfall in June, July 1st, doing this section lots of good.

stated that I had cut, under very best for the purpose I have ever used. 1892. Ground very wet but now drying. Myers-Cessation of rain for a week
Gentleman. Farmers cleaning late crops. would be beneficial to the plant world.
unfavorable circumstances five tons Co'untry
Avon Park-Everything booming; Madison-Plenty of rain daily; crop
of cured crab grass to the acre, and grapes and pineapples never looked bet- looking fine; prospects good for the finest
i this after other crops. Others here can WEATHER AND CROPS. ter. crop of corn for years. Grass, because
do far better by making it a selfcrop.I Bristol-Rains beneficial to crops except of continued rams, growing rapidly.
Southerner For the Week Ending July 4,1892. cotton. Season excellent for plant- Still a'scarcity of water in some wells.
have not the honor of being a -
RAINFALL. ing sweet potatoes, which is nearly com- Milton-The crops,owing to late rains,
1 neither am I a land agent or Reports received from 28 stations,rep- pleted. Anticipating large yield to com- are in good condition. Large crop of
, boomer. I do not own a square inch resenting 23 counties,show that the rain- plement corn deficiency. potatoes has been put in. Corn crop
of Southern territory, neither do I own fall for the week was generally above Brooksville-Temperature, while be- turning out better than expected, 'aau
stock in any land scheme or railroad the normal. There was an excess from low the average, has not affected crops. I 4 I promises an abundant yield. 'A two
Corn will be the best in fifteen wind lowered the temperature
but Franklin county southward along the crop{ I days northerly -
company, am simply a west coast to Hernando county, thence years. Since the rains cattle have improved during the first part of the
and gardener, and can affordto inland to the hills, including the northern rapidly in flesh and general ap week, but during the latter part the
speak the truth, and represent for parts of Brevard, Dade and Lee pearance.BradfordvilleRain. winds were southerly.
the good of others all things as theyare counties. Within this area the precipi- injurious to all Nora-All crops doing well.
here and elsewhere. tation ranged from 4.03 inches at Archer, crops and retards out-door work. Orlando-Crop conditions unchanged.
That the South has its advantagesand Alachua county, to 11.00 inches at Apa- Crawfordville-Daily rains for past Frequent rains beneficial to all crops ex-
lachicola, Franklin county. Elsewherethe week. More sunshine needed. Cotton cept grapes and melons, which are in-
disadvantages its people admit. precipitation was not far from nor- crop short 50 per cent; acreage very clined to shed. Grape shipments continue -
Livery stable men as a class know mal and sufficient except in Hillsboroughand short and plant too young; old cotton under disadvantageous conditions.
t their business, and are a shrewd set of Escambia counties, where more rain shedding from rains. Corn, potatoes, Orange City-Everything lovely.
men; they know that the best in their is said to be needed. Reports from Mad- sugar cane, etc., all right. Finest crops Pensacola-Crops improving; potato
ison state that wells since the war.DeFuniak but showers
county are quite planting continues more
line is the cheapest In Mobile none
Springs-Crops doing remarkably .
needed to start newly set vines.St.
of them will purchase this sun-killed low.Heavy rains are reported as having well. Orchard men elated Petersburg-The rain; while not
and water soaked timothy hay of the been injurious as follows: To cotton in over peach crop after March frost. excessive, wet the ground thoroughly,
West, when they can obtain crab Liberty and Wakulla counties. In the Peaches being shipped with satisfactory but disappointed in expected bloom.
I have latter the damage is said to have been returns. Pears not yet ripe. The large crop of mangoes, avocado
at even higher price.
grass quite severe. To corn in Bradford and Eustis-Rains heavier elsewhere than pears and guavas will, in part compensate
carried over ninety Holstein cattle and Liberty counties; peanuts in :Madison\ here. Weather good and fine enoughfor for short orange crop.
grades, also Jerseys and grades, from county; fruit and melon vines in Columbia shipping grapes.HomelandCorn. Starke-Wet weather :njuring all
I October to March on nothing but crab county, where 10 inches of rain crop, heaviest raisedin crops and sun coming out on the wet
grass. In March, before turning out, fell on June 26th to 28th, filling water Polk county for years, nearly ma- ground is scalding everything.
and I! courses and causing a rise of ten feet in tured. Potato planting about finished; Tarpon Springs-More\ rain and warm
sparingly ground corn
they get 86 hours in the Suwanee river; melons, acreage larger than usual. weather needed.TitusvilleLight. :
cob and cottonseed meal with Mexican grapes and the shipments of same in Jupiter-Rain becoming excessive frequent showers
clover, and we are credited with Orange county; oranges in Hillsborough though crops are growing nicely. Pine- have kept the ground in good tilth. -
carrying the best conditioned stock in county; potatoes and potato planting, apples maturing and large quantities E. R. DEMAIN, Director.
g the county. Our working mules and Bradford county; crops generally in being shipped. Jacksonville,Fla.,July S, 1892. -
Dade Marion Lee Leon Alachua
horses but crab I --
no hay
get grass.
ties; farm work in Leon county. -
have carried in the Eastern States THREE
Favorable reports were received as to Spading
when packed but- the effects of weather conditions v YLES. ,
over xoo cows, we on corn, FIVE t MORGAN
' ter in tubs and firkins, and sold it at oranges, potatoes, potato planting, rice, SIZES. Harrow C
fruit, such as l
mangoes pears guavas
50 cents a pound. Those cattle were Thousand The Beat all around Rotary" Harrow and Pnlrerlzer
etc.; also grass and cattle. from the counties told. for Fall plowed land. Stubble VinevlUMUyards -
wintered cornstalks and about halfa NO / I A I
on of Madison, Polk, Escambia, Br.- and peach Orchards Leares no
forkful of hay daily. I have carried vard, Wakulla, Walton Columbia Liberty for farrow Catalogue.or ridge.mention Angle of tfaU teeth Paper.adjustable.Address seed

the same number of Jerseys, singleones Lake, Hernando, Alachua, Orange, ,
valued from $2,000 down, and Hillsborough and Volusia. Madison D. S. MORGAN & CO. Brockport,N.Y.

sold the butter at $i per pound, and county reports the finest corn crop in
years and Hernando county the finest in 1888-1892.
I consequently I can form an opinion of fifteen years. Reports from Wakulla

the relative values hay, and how cat- county state that they have the finest FRAIctIN SYSTEJVI OF IGATIOfl. ',:'
tle ought to be kept and their general crops since the war except cotton,whichis

appearance looking, and cattle I can, and turn in out as fine as rains.shedding The on following account of precipitation the excessive is THE MOST EGONOMIGAI], RELIABLE AND >EFFIEIEH.I.

health reported: Apalachicola, 11.00; Archer,
from crab grass hay as from 9.26; Bristol, 5.73; Brooksville, 1.20; In Successful Use Since 1888 '.
any hay I have ever used. Crescent City, 0.11; DeFuniak Springs,
Let a dairyman come here from 1.50; Eustis, 0.67; Jacksonville, 0.98; Ju-
in Orange Groves and Vegetable Gardens in size from six acres to one
New York Vermont or Massachusetts piter, 0.78; Lawtey, 10.70; Lake City, ;
10.00; Milton, 2.75; Orlando, 1.26; Ocala, hundred and seventy-five acres. ;.
and bring with him 100 milch cows.I 4.03; Orange City, 1.41; Pensacola, 1.20; I
guarantee him ten cents a quart for St. Petersburg, 2.49; Tarpon Springs, have perfected, and tested by use, an arrangement of !lighf steel

all the milk he can make in the city of 2.07; Titusville, 5.50. tubes as a substitute for the perishable hose.JAMES. .

Mobile, and, all things considered, he TEMPERATURE.The FRANKLIN
will at the lowest calculation save $2 temperature was below normal ,

7 to the $i he will in any of those States.I and Leon generally and Hillsborough beneficial], except counties in from Lee, Montverde, Fla.BLACK .

know the principal cities and towns which some complaint is heard. Frank-

and the supply and demand of them lin county reports some injury to oranges Grrnii: : 1 LE"Y", :
from farmers,, both milk and butter, and beans and rutabagas scalded by

to supply them butter at from thirtyto excessive heat.SUNSHINE. JAMAICA and PORTO RICO
Milk used is
fifty cents a pound. The sunshine was below the normal
condensed, bought at the grocery and was specifically beneficial to corn in
stores; no such thing as liquid milk in Polk county; fruit, Hernando county, PINEAPPLE SLIPS

stores, nor such a thing known as a and to crops generally elsewhere except- D. Valentine Kingston Jamaica. 'Large
the streets.I ing in Leon county where crops, especially Imported by .1' :
milk going through J
wagon cotton, suffered somewhat from
do not err when I say that there are lack of, sunshine. slips for July delivery. Address,

hundreds who never tasted pure milk. '
WTh'"D.mgh : BEACH
All who have a piece of ground, either winds injured pears on June 28th : \ .. ,
leased or owned; grow beans, peas, to- in Alachua county. ;' ?...-- :" Molbournd; ni.a.rttLy .

.... --. ,- _.


---- ----- ---

DECIDUOUS FRUITS. SOUR and bittersweet orange seed for sale in tTLOR.IDADISPATCH I '
ALEX.A. BERRY, New Smyrna
any quantity. 1&ROWQ
One Cottrell
[Continued from 533.]
page Fla. 6-i6-4t Cylinder r
sibly the Ogon; this variety behaves ARTESIAN' for cows, or orange and lemon ==:.

differently from all the others, and is trees. A.A. BALDWIN, Georgians, Fla. Press
not promising at present.
CHAS. W. DaCOSTA Publisher.
The Pissardi (of Persian origin) is a A Bargain. ,
To make for win! sell for
room young stock we
first-class ornamental tree. It carries thirty days at a great reduction : Langshans, TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION: ALSO I

an immense foliage-red purple in Silver Golden Spangled and Silver Hamburgs Wyandottes pekin White ducks Leghorns, White, For One Year .........................._....82.00For

color from early spring until late autumn Phymouth Rocks, Indian Games and Bronze Six:: Months....................... ..... i.oo ONE WASHINGTON HAND
and the fruit is a bright beautiful turkeys. Write soon and get first choice. The
most of this stock has been in my breeding pens .Subscriptions in all cases cash in advance.
crimson.Of the past year and are not more than twelve to
sixteen months old. E. W. AMSOEN, Ormond, Rates of Advertising on Application. PRESS
the remaining six varieties, to- Fla. 6-i6-2t ,
REMITTANCE should be made by Check,
wit: Kelsey, Satsuma, Burbank, PAPER-Cheaper than house in Postal Note Order
WALL any Money or Registered Letter,
Botan, Chabot and Simoni, all are state. Samples,prices and Instructions to order ofFLORIDA Can be Bought Very Cheap
.' free,by mail. T.F. ROBINSON, 15 W. Bay street,
good fruit trees, and we must have Jacksonville, Fla. 3-24-6m DISPATCH, FARMER AND

further experience to decide which' FLORIDA'S advantages for small investments, FRUIT GROWJElt, APPLY TOCHAS.

them is the better. The Botanis see "Real Estate Journal," Arcadia, Fla. Jacksonville Fla.
among ,
$1.00 per year: sample,with state map, 10 cents. I
the"earliest (June 10)); the Kelsey 3-24-12m : W. DACOSTA,

latest (August), and the others come For Florida Trade. The World's Fair.
in The Lakeland Nurseries are again to the front
between. Jacksonville Fla.
with 15,000 orange and lemon buds, consisting of We have received the last issue of ,
JENNINGS NURSERY COMPANY."CENTAWORD" 12 prominent varieties, budded on sour sweet .
and grapefruit roots,one to four years old,and a the "World's Columbian Exposition
fine stock of seedling grapefruit and sour trees; They are the sweetest,
also complete stock of detidious trees. C. M. Illustrated the authentic mont complete, tone sustaining -
COLUMN.To only organof durable and
MAr.sH, Proprietor Lakeland, Fla. 6-i6-6t perfect -

FOR SALE-Whipporwi11 J pees, per bushel, r.o. the Great Fair. The object of this (warranted Music In Boxes every made reINVENTION -
insure insertion in this column, advertise- b., $i.oo; Conch peas(limited quantity), per is spect), and any number of
ments must be accompanied by the money. pound, post paid, soc; Chufa seed, per pound publication to give a complete authentic IN tunes can be obtained for
Advertisements must not exceed fifty words. post paid, 350; per peck, f. o. b.s. $1.50; pearlmillet historical record of the Colum- them. (Improvements Patented
Postage Stamps received in payment. per pound, post paid, 350; Four pounds, in Switzerland and
Count every word including name and address '1.25; ten pounds, f. o. b.,$2.00. Send cash with bian Exposition. It contains United States.)
order. EXCELSIOR SEED FARM, Keuka, Fla. 32 pagesof We manufacture especially

WANTED-A good, second hand Turbine 2-4-tf official proceedings, and will give SWISSMUSIC,' I for direct family trade, and we
that will give ten-horsepower guarantee our instruments far
or more with a seven-foot head. G. B. Fours, WRITE ery line.NOW I for will prices either on supply anything you in or nurs-tell photographic illustrations printed on Enameled usually superior made to the for the Music wholesale Boxes
Athens, Fla. it
you where to get it. Stock largely increased. G. of all the Exhibits Build trade and sold by mer-
SALE thousand Hoffman Seedling L. TAKER, Glen St. Mary Nurseries, Glen St. paper, chandise,dry goods general and music
Strawberry Plants, $2 per thousand. T. ORGAN Mary, Fla. -tCORANGa ings, and attractions of the Great Fair. stores. Manufacturers'special
Orange Park Fla. 7731TOR j1 / I agency and salesrooms for the
and lemon trees. AU the
grapefruit 1
? As a work of Art, containing the most celebrated Gem and Concert
varieties, one and two year buds; Roller
Organs play tune
the I will sell and extra fine Tardiffs. Write for what ; any ;
next thirty days orange you want to interesting information it is invaluableto pricesonlyl6and$12.OII .
1 lemon buds at greatly reduced prices. They J. C. BLITCH,or Tampa Nurseries, Tampa, Fla. ,
must go out of my grove. J. L. DERIKUX, Lake- 6-<>-tfFREE all who wish to keep with the luslc( Boxes carefully
land, Fla. 77-2t Repaired and Improved.

ROOP'S DITCHING,MACHINE=Persons' dig FREE FREE times and learn of the great International BOXES !I. GAVTSC11I Manufacturers.A SONS,

deep ditches or building levees should Enterprise.It Salesrooms 1030 Chestnut St.
have one of Roop's Ditch and Levee Machines.Can Philadelphia
be used in getting out muck; with will be published semimonthly
ditches can be dug'easily and the dirt remove WHITNER'SGARDENING
from the banks to avoid caving. Price, $IOO.OO. early in the ;fall, making eighteen
H. *W. ROOF, McMeekin, Fla. it "
IN FLORIDA : copies for present year. Price, $4,
FOR SALE-German Millet, $2 per bushel; KIAIEPIANOS.
Millet, aoc per pound; Kaffir Corn. IDC postpaid; 25 cents a copy. Subscrip--

per peas pound leading; Millo varieties Maize,, loc white per pound seed rice; also and field a FREE TO ALL. tions taken at this office, where the

line of garden seeds. P. P. WILSON,
Seen., Gainesville,Fla. 7-7-4t paper can be seen, or send 25 cents .

. MANGO SEEDS prepaid by mail or express: Until April 1 1st, 1892, I will mall to for sample copy to UNEQUALLED INTone

(Kidney), per doz., 3oc:.; Apricot, J. B. CAMPBELL, Touch
per doz., 4OC.; Apple, per doz., 6oc. WM P. all subscribers remitting $2.00 for ,Workmanship |Durability
NEEX.D,Pinellas, Fla. 6-30-41 Editor and Publisher,
renewal or new subscription,a copy Baltimore,22 and 24 East Baltimore Street.

WANTED to exchange a Wilson Bros. Feed 218 La Salle Street, Chicago, Ills. New York, 148 817 Fifth Market Ave.
Washington, Space
of "Whitner's Gardening In Flor-
/! for one of large size. The :
nwill I offer is as good as new,but is too small for
.ur use. Address A. L, DUNCAN,Dunedin, Fla. Ida." .- "The World's Columbian Ex ositlonRluslralttf'

To all who remit $5.00 I will send ,
with $500.0010 $1,000.00 to FARMER FRUIT.GROWER for
WANTED-Partner AND one
plantation. Address this paper and the "World's Colum- or would exchange for bearing grove and pay
PLANTATION, Goshen, Fla. 6-30-21 year, mailed to any address, for $5. cash difference. Forty acres of rich Pine Hammock
bian Exposition Illustrated," for land. Thirty acres cleared, together with
SALE-American Fruit Evaporator No. i: ,
FOR as new. J. F.TENNEY&SON, FederalPoint one year, the subscription price of plank causeway, n mile Ion?, with dock and
Fla. 6-3o-4t Publisher FLORIDA DISPATCH, FARMER ferry i mile from Grahamville, on Ocklawaha

which Is $4.00 per annum.C. AND FRUIT-GROWFP River;4 miles from Silver Springs. Address
THE UNKNOWN PEA, $2.00 per bushel.
ducks and Langsban chicks four to w. DACOSTA, SALE-One- second hand Washington A. TREADWEL.L-,
five months old'1.00 each. Pure and well bred FOR Press for sale cheap at this office.
eggs,91.25 per dozen. W. H. MANN, Mannville, PUBLISHER. Write for particular Redding. Conn.
Putnam Co., Fla. 6-16-31
__ ___ ___ .H._ .


___ JAC ,


>, Finest Oranges, First Strawberries, First Car-Load of Watermelons, and First and Best Vegetables

;. That always get the very cream of the high prices, will occupy this space henceforth with an advertisement for their celebrated brands of

:; Orange Tree and Vegetable Fertilizers, .: ," >-.;

Their Oyster Shell Gas Lime, and their .". -;

Ground Stock Food and Prepared Poultry Food.

-. For full information, analysis, circulars, price current, etc., describing these articles, address
i ,". -


; .
IMX and material, mentioning this paper. ,, :










Extending Southeast, South and South DOORS SASH u
west from Jacksonville, coyer over' one
thousand and SA"V: :lUILL: t9iTE'PLIESi.
: miles of tropical country,
We are State :We Have
reach all prominent winter and f"ftnne1": :
A e
pleasure resort of Florida: One t'nof..J HORSE HAY RAKES
Horse i

The East Coast, BUCKEYEMOWERS In stock.

S and 6 feet tread.
The Great Lake Region, THECentral -
: The 6 foot is sult-
The Phosphate Fields, //I able for use Intvr'.nnrf Florida & Peninsular
i ir r mr imm im m m m
The Pineapple Fields, A complete stock and ofMowers i ORANGE GROVES. RAILROAD I OO.

i The Orange Groves Rejtalrs Factory on Prices.hand at Write for Prices. The Florida Trunk Liqe


The Fruit' and Vegetable RANGE PLO'-VS," SHORT LINE TAMPA.
A Full Line of Repairs for Same.

Sections. Acme Orange Grove and Two-Horse PulverIzing Harrows, the Boy In addition TO to Its long-established connec-

Dixie Cast Plows, and a full line of Farm and Agricultural Implementsof tions with the North by

THREE THROUGH TRAINS all descriptions. Agents for the Planet Jr. Horse and Hand Tools, sold River Junction onville,Lire and Oak Fernandina,Callahan, ,Jack

at factory prices. Send for catalogues. Has this season re-opened

HI f' fHomnvilli ml Mootl"cs $odte.

TropicaTTrllllkLiRe. In connection with the 8.,F.&W.R."B.;the
The AlabamafMldland and the L.A N.and the lines
leading from Chicago, St.Louis, Kansas City
and the North and West.

These lines are equipped with the latest Through Cars from Cincinnati to
Jacksonville and
modern for the
I JT set Schedule,Pullman Sleeper. all JT04
safety and comfort of passengers .ra Railway Improvement.

Our patrons call them the L The Florida enlral*Pentnstllar RIR.

FINEST IN FLORIDA. Is the greatest artery of travel through the
finest parts of Florida.,traversing twenty-four
counties-Gadsden.. Jefferson Duval,Alachua,
Lake Leon, suwannee Levy,Orange,
Trains Leave Jacksonville via J., F HlllsDoroujrh, Waku}Nauaul, umbia. Clay,
Marion Polk Manatee
T. & K. W.: ford,Sumter Hernando and DeSoto-in their
It runs through the Mid
'I 8:30 a.m. daily,except Sunday; 12.30pm. dle Flora Region of Hill Country where are
daily; 4:20: p.m. daily, except Sunday; *'' e z' the fine oldFarming
8:00 p.m. daily, except Sunday. .:J Land. and the New Xot e..

Arrive 7:30 a.m., 8:00 ajn., 12:55 pan, -_ -- ,,a. -.- (reached by no other Farm.line),some at them conducted .-
7:40 pjn.Trains on a large scale. Here are Madisonand
PLANET JR. HORSE HOElWITH LEVER AND LEVER WHEEL. Tallahassee(the capItal),MonUcello, _
Leave Jacksonville via East other towns from whose comfortable
ample dwellings reposing In a fertile country -.
Coast Lines: ,Is coming a renewed energy to employ
1 IRRIGATING MACHINERY the resources lavished about them. Stretching
8:25 mn. daily, 1:00 pan.! daily, except down through
Sunday; 4:05: p.m. daily. BOTH STEAM, HORSE AND HAND POWER. The Peach Countryof
Baker,Bradford Alachua and Levy counties -
Arrive 9:30 a.m., 12:25: p.m., 6:40: pm. Carry a stock of Steam Pumps, Boilers ,through the prosperous
Strawberry Farm
INDIAN RIVER STEAMERS LEAVE Wrought and Galvanized Pipe, Valves. of Lawtey, Starke and Waldo, perhaps superior -
TITUSVILLEFor Hose Etc. Estimates furnishedfor In profit to the orange grove-It goes'
Fittings, through the heart of the State,penetrating
Melbourne daily, except Sunday, Plants put in complete and guar- some of the finest groves,one having

5:00 a.m., 3:45: p jn.; ROckledge, 9:00 EJXL, 70,000 Full-bearing Orange Trees,
7:00 p.m. Arrive Melbourne, 1:00: pan., anteed satisfactory. Hand Spraying passing for nearly a mile between them-
making its way southward to the Gulf and to
,l leave Melbourne ,
12 midnight Returning Pumps of every description. Send for the more tropical portions of the State. Ia
1:20: p.m., 12:30 a.m.; Rocldedge 4:50: pan., all portions of the State It reaches points of
8:00: ajn. Arrive Titusville 8:00 p.m., Catalogue of How and When to Spray. Scenic Interest

12 noon. Nozzles, Pipe, etc., made to order in our Wakulla Springs In the West, the Suwannee
River,as beautiful and romantio as it Is
Leave Rockledge for Jupiter daily, except machine shop. famous Silver Springs In the lake region
Sunday, 8:30: a.m, arrive Jupiter folReturning' and the lakes themselves. with their surroundings -
of rolling land interspersed with
lowing dar 3:30 a.m. ; leave pleasant homes In green groves,sloping downto
Jupiter daily, except Sunday, 9:30: a.m. the clear lake fronts.. By means of this
Arrive Rockledge following day,3:30 a.m. road you can most readily reach the
Hunting and Fishing !Ground.
Steamer "ST.AUGUSTINE" Leaves The settler will find.on the line of this road
greater opportunity for a varied selection
ORMOND i rd of land than on any other road in the State-
-r f i III U from lightest soils to those underlaid with
8:00: ..m. Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturn =_-- clay and marl and of richest hammoclt-
days for Rockledge and landings. whether for regular mixed farming,stock or
Returning, leaves Rockledge 8:00: ajn. dairy farming,peach or strawberry culture
orange groves and vegetable gardens.
Mondays, Wednesdays.and Fridays. The tourist will be gratified with its scenery.
The health-seeker on its ample route can find
Connections are made at Jupiter with some spot adapted! U his wants. On the hard
W. for all clay roads of Middle Florida the horseman
trains of J. &; L. Railway pointson will ride with speed and satisfaction and the
Lake Worth. Florida Central and Peninsular is the
Sportsman. Route.
For schedules, maps, etc., call on local NOTX.Passengers from Northern connections
agents or address the General Passenger gmrss j ggg y having tickets over the Florida Central
and Peninsular to points in South Florida
ii Agent. AGENTS FOR have the privilege of being taken into Jack
sonville over the Company I line and allowed
B. B. CABLE, TT. L. CBAWFOBD. I O gS' S rEt'I11: 'UMr'S.All a stop-over within the going limits of the
General Manager Supt.Bast Ootit Lint, ticket with return to their route for destination -
PIL Letters Answered the Day. they are Receired. free of extra charge. Send for map of
J..T.a;K. W.System. St.Augustine, Florida mailed tree.,
O. D. ACKERLT, A.O.UoDONELL, G.pJacksonville.A.,
General Passenger .-$. ,71*.
) .L PKNNW OTONTrafflc Manager.
JaakaoonTtllr. D.]I.JLAJLWHLL, General Manager



.'::-' "" ;;i1'

; ...


-, .-







Phosphoric-Acid......................4 per cent. I Potash K.O..S per cent. I Ammonia..............0..:......:to 3 per cent. .



h' p ;._. ,$ a .Potash.........to..6 to 7 per cent. I Ammonia.........................3 to 4 per cent. I Phosphoric Acid....:.......:....5 to 6 per cent. 'I. .
,. .. "
jrloo, per tons F'ru..lt: : o..X1d. Vine, 1?*. O. B. Ca.rs, Be11e'"V'lcvv$2 :00 .. _=--.i;, .

This Company also offer their Burnt and Ground Soft Phosphate. The analysis of our Soft Phosphate, given by Serge Malyvan, of Ocala, is : ;

Insoluble Silicate..........................18.761 Phosphoric Acid..........................,..17.70 j Oxide of Iron ................ ................ I Magnesia and Soda "............u... ...:6.55
Carbonate Lime.....,....."...... ........ 4.56 1| Equivalent to Bone Phosphate Lime........39.00 I| Aluminum ".. ,...,.................. ...... .741| Moisture...._.... ..............;::....;..... 6.59

He says that, after analyzing samples of Soft Phosphate from different mines in the State, the only soluble Soft Phosphate is contained in an area ofabout

six miles about Belleview. .

The above mentioned complete Fertilizer is 25 per cent cheaper than any sold in Florida of same grade, and is what orange growers need.


that fertilized with cotton seed. Thinking this two more cars of Soft Phosphate. I have used been brought into the State and I would warmly
More About Soft Phosphate. estimate may have been a little high I put it as seventy-five tons of this Phosphate and have recommend its use to. the orange growers in the
The following in regard to soft phosphate is above,but I am free to admit that be is a better noticed with much interest its e 'ecton my orange State. Yours truly '
taken from the Gainesville Sun: judge of such matters than I am." trees. The first car load I applied to something D. GREENLKAF.
,- That soft rapidly gaining favor J. T. Smith, writing from Levy county,says:"I over five hundred trees, and the results have been
with the fruit andpvegetable growers there is no put soft phosphate on sixteen rows of corn last simply marvelous. The adjoining five hundred -
sort doubt Those who have given it a test un- spring about a four acre field of corn,on about an trees received no fertilizing,and the difference
J"sitatinglyspeakof it in the most complimentaverage quality of the land. I broadcasted the between the two fields is something wonderful. CEDAR KEYS FLA., Dec.21, J89t.
ary terms. Mr. George Saxon, writing from soft phosphate over the land after breaking it up On one side every tree has! started with a vigorous C. B. Smith, President Belleview Mining Company .
Tallahassee,says: well at about two tons per acre. Then I har growth. The finest foliage that I have ever seen :
The soft phosphate referred to in the granulated rowed this in. I did not measure the yield only in,a grove. The trees which received no appli DEAR SIR-Yours of 17th received. It gives
article, containing the elements of ground bone in my cart as I gathered it. I got as much corn cation have just commenced to Mr. Me me pleasure to state that I have used nothing but
and 50 per cent phosphate of lime (bone phosphate from the sixteen rows that had soft phosphate>> on Master of the firm of McMaster& Miler! of San the Belleview Soft Phosphate on the
)crude as it comes from the mine. This it as I did from the next thirty rows. The: corn Mateo, visited my grove a few days since and expast pnd I have been more my than grove satisfied
sott phosphate was put upon cotton last year did not dry up (any for want of rain, as the? rest of pressed himself as being very much with year the results. The trees are looking as well
alongside of cotton seed as fertilizers,and the result the! crop did. I am well pleased and will use it at the growth of the trees where the soft phos as they have ever looked-even when I used expensive
wa. fully, or more than doublet in yield of this year on all my crops. phate h"ul1een applied. If you will remember fertilizers. Many have heard of
cotton the cotton seed while it four the first of made less persons
over gave shipment Phosphate was
has ad.
times the yield over the same land without any than sixty days since, and until the last few days vanced my experiment in? their estimation your phosphate ,
fertilizer. Rev. T. W Moore, of Leesburg looked JACKSONVILLE, FLA., June 12, J89J. we have had very little rain. Very trul'u s, ;
at this crop while in full fruitage and he said that C. B. SMITH, President Belleview Phosphate Co., I am fully convinced that one ton of the Belle- REV. F. R. Iiotu.xphosphate
At that time that the cotton fertilized by this soft Jacksonville Florida: view Soft Phosphate has a greater value as a plant
had three times more fruit on it than DEAR SIR-Enclosed please find my order for food than a ton of any Fertilizer that has ever

We offer this Phosphate at prices so low that it is in reach of every orange grower and gardener. Prices, F. O. B. cars at Belleview, Florida :

S. Per ton, UX1d.rIed, 1.xa.: Belli;, $Ci.00 ,-o: _
". -- Per torn: rlocl, JLn.: Bulb, O.OO

t Per ton, Burnt, Ground: and: Sa.oked, $8.00

Put up in 200-pound sacks. Orders for less than one ton, 50 cents per ton extra. Terms, cash with order. Send orders, and apply for further particulars,

testimonials, freights, etc., to

C. B. SMITH, President and General Manager, Jacksonville, Fla.



: In compounding a solution a pan was accidently' spilled on the hand
S and on washing afterward It was discovered that the hair wu completely -
removed. We at once put this wonderful preparation on the
market and 10 grea.baa been the demand that we are now Introducing
House : It throughout the world under the name of Queen' Antl-I1alr1De,

Lay the hair over and apply the mixture for a few minutes and the
hair disappears as U by magic without the slightest pain Injury when
1FL-H.: 'f; applied or ever afterward. It Is unlike any other preparation ever used
for a like purpose.' Thousands! of LADIES who have been annoyed
--- with hair on their FA CE. NECK and AIMS attest its merits.
TURNS OUT THE BEST STYLE OF PRINTINGAT GENTLEMEN who donot appreciate beard or hair on their neck,
find a priceless boon In Queen' Anti-Ifalrlne which does away
with Shaving, by rendering Its future growth an utter impossibility'
THE LOWEST RATES. PrIce of Qoeen"Anti-Ilalrine'1. per bottle, sent In safety mailing boxes postage paid by us(securely'
sealed from f observatIon). Send money or stamps by letter with Full Addrms written plainly. Corres
pondence strictly confldedlal. This advertisement Is honest and straight forward In every word It
contains. We Invite yon to deal with n. and yon will find everything M represented." Cut this out and
Bend to-day. Address" QUEEN CHEMICAL CO., 174 Race Street, CINCINNATI O. You can
register> your letter at any Poet Office to Insure Its safe delivery W f'I' will pay S50O for any case
or failure or 8UlhtfJltlnJorT to any purchaser. .Every bottle guaranteed
SPECIAL-To 1 1 ladies who introdnee and sell among their friend.25 Bottles Queen's.AIItJ-Ba1rtD1..
will present with a SILK DRESS, lb yards best silk Extra Large
c ssss t of silk to select from sent with order. Good Balarr or Commission Agent
------ -- -
-- -- -



Scientifically treated by an aurist of world-wide FLORIDA.
reputation. Deafness eradicated and entirely
cured, of from 20 to 30 years' standing after all Capital 30000.00
other treatments have failed. How the difficulty
is reached and the cause removed fully explained .
in circulars with affidavits and testimonials REPAIR your old family Bibles; make them at
of cures from prominent people, mailed as new. DaCosta Printing and Pub
free. lishing House Jacksonville Fla. ,
Dr. A. FONTAINE, 19 East 14th St., N. Y.

$5 to $15 per day at
JAi'i4Ii'r I l home, MlliDIr
Md platiD.Jewelry.watcJa .
.. tableware. to. Flatei UtCnnt .
S *f Jewelry food a.
., pew, on all kind!ef metal
: F with geld,direr or nickel.Ko .
S.. experience* >i e plui.ETery I
: boc.ba rood n e4Ing -
platlnr.lrbolen1t tt
t agenu$3.Write tor cirealart. -
The Manufacture of Blank Books eo..C.isatbu.0- '"

a Specialty. TRUCKING LAND without expensive CutawayHARROWS
machinery or even artesian wells. A black soil, AND CULTIVATORS
SEND FOR PRICES. several feet in depth level as a floor free from I keep in stock seven styles cutting in width
timber,which can be flooded by the closing of a from two((2)) to six ((6) feet, at prices from
$: .
gate at the mouth of the ditch draining the glade. to fjt.eo. Send for catalogue. oo
} -" CHAS. W. DACOSTA, Proprietor. For particulars address GEO. W. II.AsTINGSIn- 2. S.HUBBARD, Gen. State Agent
terlachen: ,Fla.
Point,F1a.t .

Li --- -
1-:: : -


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The magnificent Steamships of this Line are appointed -

to sail as follows, calling at Charleston, S. C.,

k Both ways :


From New York. From Jacksonville,
# (Pier 29, E. R.) STEAMER Florida.

Tuesday, June 28th,at 3 P. M...... "CHEROKEE," ...Sunday, July 3d, at 11:30 A. M
Friday, July ist, at 3 P.Z....... "SEMINOLE" .......Thursday, July 7th, at 2:00: p. M
Tuesday July jth at 3 P. )I........IROQUOIS,". ......Sunday, July loth, at 4:00 A. M
I Friday, 8th, at 3 p.M......."CHEROKEE,".......Thursday, July 14th, at 7:30 A. M
Tuesday, 12th, at 3 p.M........"SEMINOLE,".......Sunday, July 17th, at 10:30 A. M -t' Ate
Friday, July isth,at 3 P. M....... "IROQUOIS" .....Thursday, July 21St,at 2:00: p. M
Tuesday, 19th, at 3 p. M...... "ALGONQUIN," .....Sunday, July 24th, at 4:30 A. M
t Friday, July 22d,at 3 P.M......."SEMINOLE.", ....,-Thursday July 2Sth, at 7:30A.M _.
... .. .. ,
it. .. ... ..,, w.
Tuesday, July 26th,at 3 p.M.... "CHEROKEE," .....,Sunday July 31st, at 10:00: A.M 'M +4 1 F -
Friday, July 29th,at 3 P. M...... "ALGONQUIN,". .....Thursday, Aug. 4th, at 1:00: P. M




For Sandford, Enterprise and Intermediate Points on
Steamer: Joluo. Christopher
the St. Johns River.

Steamer "E "
: erglade ,June 16,30 and July 14-3 p. m. Fridays,June 24,July 8 and 22-8 a.m.

Leaves Jacksonville Tuesdays and Saturdays at 5 P. M.; returning, leaves Sandford Mondays and This steamship has been built especially for carrying Fruit and Veaetablear and b
Thursdays at 6 A. )I.;Enterprise,6:30: A. M. perfectly ventilated. Time between Jacksonrllle and jfrte York 7J hours.W. .


Agent,Jacksonville. Agent New York. Gen'l Mau'r,Jacksonrille.
leaves Jacksonville Mondays and Thursdays at 5 p. M.; returning, leaves Sandford, Wednesdaysand Pier 49.East River.
Saturdays: at 6 A. M.; Enterprise, 6:30: A: M.

General Passenger and Ticket Office, 88 West Bay St., Jacksonville.
JOHN L. HOWARD, Florida Freight Agent,foot Laura Street,Jacksonville Fla. .
F. M. IRONMONGER, Jr., Florida Passenger Agent, 88 West Bay St., Jacksonville, Fla.
MARSHALL II. CLYDE, Assistant Traffic Manager 5 Bowling Green, New York.
IV. F. OGDEN FAY, Traveling Passenger Agent, 88 West Bay Street. 53 to 55 hours between Savannah, New York and Philadelphia, and
THEO. G. EGER, Traffic Manager 5 Bowling Green, New York.J. .
A. LESLIE, Superintendent foot Laura Street Jacksonville Fla. between Boston and Savannah, 65 to 70 hours.

WM. P. CLYDE & CO., Gen'l Agents,

12 South Delaware Avenue, Philadelphia. 5 Bowling Green New York. OCEAN STEAMSHIP COMPANY.Between .

Ra.tes: I

Between Jacksonville and New York: First-class, $25.60; Intermediate, $19.00; Excursion, $43.50
-WILLIAM A. BOURS & CO., Steerage$12.50.

4c Jacksonville and Boston : Cabin, $27.00; Intermediate, $21.00 j; Excursion, $47.30; Steerage, $14-35;
c WHOLESALE The magnificent Steamships of this Company are appointed to sail as follows:


Grain Garden Seeds and Fertilizers [Central or 90Meridian Time.Nacoocliee .]

,July 1st, 10.30..lD
City of Birmingham. ,July 2nd, I1.30a.m
20 WEST BAY STREET, JACKSONVILLE, FLA. City of Augusta ......Monday July 4th, 1.30 p.mTallahassee.
Wednesday July 6th, 3.00 p.m
Kansas. ,July 8th,
HANDLE. ONLY THE BEST AND MOST RELIABLE SEEDS. A COMPLETE STOCK. Chattahoochee... ..............,.....................................Saturday,July 9th S.oop.m 4.30 p.m
Nacoochee......................... Monday,July 11th. 6.30 p.m
Hay Corn Oats Flour Bran Wheat Grits Meal City of Birmingham........... ................................ ..Wednesday,July 13th, 7.30 p.m
City of .. ,July 15th, 9.30 a.mTallahassee

COTTON SEED MEAL Both Bright and Dark. Kansas City..'.. \ ,,July July i6th iSth,, 10.30 12.3op.m a.m _
." ,July 2oth, 2.30 p.mNacoochee
r .,............Friday July 22d, 4.30 p.m
City of Birmingham....... ................... .........oo .........Saturday,July 23d, 5.00 p.m
.TTyEgAeGltrNTt&FOCRo PURE GROUND BONE, City Augusta. \ ,July 25th 6.30 p.mTallahassee
8 ,July 27th, 7.30 p.ta
NITRATE SODA Kansas ..Friday,July 29th 9.30 a.mChattahoochee.
Brand Fertilizers, .. $ ,July 3oth 10.00 a.m
Comprising ... Thursday,July 7th, 3.30 p.m
Dt W SULPHATE POTASH, City orIacon.: Thursday July 14th, 8.308.111
Orange Tree and Vegetable Gate City. Thursday,July 21st, 3.00 p.m
FERTILIZER. KAINIT, Etc, City or Macon. ,July 28th, 8.30 a.m

These Fertilizers have no superior in the market and a trial will convince.
( Ship does NOT Carry Passengers.)

,July ist, 10.00 a.m
GREAT OFFER "BSBfflr UPRIGHT PIANOS. Dessoug.........l\londayJuly nth, 6.oop.m
,July 21st, 3.00 p.m

$35.Always ready for QUICK SHIPMENTS of Finest Connecting with the Savannah Florida and Western Railway (Waycross Short Line), offer to tit
On trial fa Pianos and Organs Direct to Your Homes. Public and
Traveling Shippers advantages equalled by no other line. '
your horn. ----- Through Ticket and Bills of Lading issued to principal points North, East and Northwest via
txfortSS From REV.J AS. M. POTTS.D.D. editor x>f MichIgan Savannah. For information and rooms apply to
.for Christian Advocate DetroitMien.: "To say that B. R. PRICE Soliciting Agent, W.H.LUCAS, Fla.Pass.Agent
s we are delighted with the Piano does not express West Street West Street,
77 Bay ,Jacksonville. 77 Bay Jacksonville
the We If all instruments
are jubilant. your R.L.WALKER, C.G.ANDERSON,
Agent Agent.
Tfc T.8wo ge A Son PI.DO.p" 0 rgan. are as fine in appearance and as pleasing in tone as River Savannah
New Pier No.35,North ,New York. City Exchange Building Ga.
BEAVER this one,your patrons will rise by the hundred." RICHARDSON & BARNARD.Agents,Lewis' Wharf,Boston. .. ..'
From PROF. E. H. PECK, Valhermoso Springs, Ala.: "We could: not be pleased better with W. L.JAMES,Agent, 13 S.Third Street, Philadelphia.
thefcasing: or tone;quick in response and melodious. In short we are highly pleased with the organ." J. D. HASHAGEN, Eastern Agent, Sav.,Fla. &Western Ry.Co.,261 Broadway.N. Y.
From B. D.GRIGGS Adairsville, Ga.: "I am well pleased with the organ in every respect.: It Is A. DeW.SAMPSON, General Agent, W.E.ARNOLD, Gen.Tray. Pass.Art.,Jacksonville' ,K*.
all you claim it to be." 306 Washington st., B *on. W. H.RHSTT General Agent,
From Y. M. C.A., per T. G.COOLEY., HillsboroN.| C.: "The organ gives entire satisfaction. For Tickets apply to S.,F.& W.Railway office. ?iy Broadway,New York.
Every one who has seen it is very much pleased with the instrument and the price on the same.."
From BEN. F.STEELE, Prescot, Ark.: family well pleased;in every respect with the I
organ. How you sell them so cheap is s wonder" r o you need stationery of any kind-paper
If pens and ink? If so,send to D Costa Priat f4.E! SICKLY
I ng and Publishing House,Jacksonville: ,FlaWEI

.P RLNG,Q L.t..t,UTF_ lpr.vd Ts ud ERFECTION Vheap..t, ou Perfe.U.a lid I SUPPUESrjx':= ham':.: i LOIRE[ cmmr

W.atsal..ll7 u1 wtfi.ny 10.Tn..Psr H.ati j object to SPASMS AN mon Hk.Ir +re M.4 ".-
.G.....Qui.,4 ......1r-aJWayen..4. tM"'........... if I I "| GH.W1.daSt. m.IH"'.bgals.Ns I'. W n.be.t .""'
wn.y..nJe,m.H......- ftmj....Ie Im thW "'_.s....r..r I a IeY.rIee.. 5 "T hIAsteripnWeUWorksAers s. l. O'.A.F'AHNKa : '6Y
.Mil SmlDk .f CepperJ Fmrl* at..wHalel1Ml. he."rite.un. XI-ISS.CAK1LST.CHICAGOILL.I" _. >.....,ean ID...aM n..,mior la .!!..2 l
1fOSCAlIIlQOP0. } ******
.1aLa11pnac...tjZIU.lt .aDrf./.iJ.+LQC jtTx.T. ELK STKXZT.DALLAS TEXAS. J 1-rtrf-TT inirTiTiiriJULY .. -raawy


.- .- %


.. (




FE1lTILlZE1lS. --*- FE1lTILlZE1lS.


Blood and Borie, Chioago BoneMea1,

Pure E'in.e Ground Bone, Dark and Bright Cotton Seed Meal,

A.-r-.iTr1a..1. Bone and Potash, Tobacco Stems: .

. .' Blood, Bone and Potash, Canada Hard "Wood Ashes,

Pulverized Animal Bone, Sulphate of Potash, &c..




GBO.- E. WILSON; 50West Bay Street, Jacksonville, Fla.

President. Vice-President.
H. T. BAYA, THOS. W. CONRAD, By Buying the FERTILIZER that Manufactured by the OLD ESTABLISHED!
Cashier. Assistant Cashier. :

CAPITA $100,000. .


Respectfully solicits your Deposits, Collections and General .%

Banking $usiness.CORRESPONDENCE These FERTILIZERS are made especially for the .


: INVITED. Orange, Vegetable and Pineapple Growers of f Florida.

Southern Office:: and Warehouse at Jacksonville, Florida. S ,

John L. Marvin, A. B. Campbell, Chas. Marvin, O. B. WEEKS, State Agent,
Jas. P. Taliaferro, T.W. Roby, Judge R. B.Archibald, .
W. B. Clurkson, C. B. Rogers, W. M. Davidson, No. 8 Bostwick Block.
Dr. H. Robinson. John E. Hartridge.

Catalogue describing our Fertilizer, with prices and testimonials, sent free

OF upon application.

-- ---


;: all fowls sent
HEREAFTER by express,
/'r. will go at one-half the former
/" _,' rates-a great saving to my cus
-- tomers. This is by special arrangement
and is confined to Bowker'sOrange
,.,.fowls from my yards.
j We are the largest breeders ofS.thoroughbred
poultry in Florida.
Come and see our stock or send
fi I 1for our illustrated catalogue. .and
.price list of 14 varieties. Grower.
of all kinds.
: ", Poultry supplies
-- Incubators and Brooders, Shell
.. -S iI 4.. and Bone Mills Clover Cutters
Wire Netting,Desiccated Fish and
.l hens Boiled lay.Blood and Bone to make BRIGHT. FIRM FRUIT that holds on until l it i* is

EGGS TO HATCH.: ; a strong, healthy, vigorous growth at

; .., E. W. AMSDEN, both tree and fruit are the results reported. by large

z Ormond, Fla and experienced planters in Florida 'who are using

this popular Fertilizer. It supplies to the tree at the
IF Musical Perfection
time in the form and in the
JL l s what you seek in buying a Piano proper proper proper
write.03 about proportions,all the elements to'bring perfect, healthy
Lowest New York Prices ,
"" S
M. "and take no other. GROWER are also special complete Fertilizers,

Dluel Ask any lan carefully and scientifically compounded.for: the purposes

_?,,_ about the mentioned, and are extensively used in Florida. Bow-
..Steinwaj.We .

combination for those ''requiring these ingredients.
''' W ol Southern
Agentsfor Chemicals at market rates. -
these celebrated. fnsiirumeSt ta.and you can buy from us as'
: eaailr, cheaply,and oaf I ly by man,as m-p rbon. Ask
Send for Illustrated Catalogue, Free.BOWKER
; LUDDEN & BAT S, Savannah, Ga. L


A chartered preparatory a,bool of the Ighect rvptta TINt 8taatlard Jlaebba.l1U.re .
,. tfonand.\I.#*.;JI.JtI11"f01COrd-. urect.\.cbA' ttw. -.1.' \at...aa.vile..: ZU rtrat 4 Catalc tr...H
d nq J"bu liartU.A.Uo{V&.BowliQCGI'CICG.V s,. TUX BLYMY&Jl 1BOJI WORK co.ctaetaa.ti,0.
f ;

t: .
. .
L .JJ>
' I
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