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UFPKY NEH LSTA SLAF



Florida farmer & fruit grower
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Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055765/00239
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: S. Powers
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: June 30, 1892
Frequency: weekly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note: Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038466
oclc - 01387403
notis - AKM6256
lccn - sn 95026761
System ID: UF00055765:00239
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen

Full Text
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LO \ -DISPATCH\J






IT' ESTABLISHED 1869 tIIJj/VJWULrfl\




IA n LI i"flIP F?



N Jh ,\ ;; 'SEM1-TROP1CALMAGAZ1NE, I : -

JaJIAI L&jIL
CONSOLIDATED JANUARY 1889.

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DACOSTA &,POWERS, SERIES
JACKSONVILLE FLA. JUNE 30 1892. Whole :No. 1221 SEW
Proprietor. > '01. IV, No.'o
:> ,______

BLAKE & RIPLEY, ABSOLUTELY PU o Geo. S. Hacker &

AGENTS
MANUFACTURERS OF

FLORIDA FRUIT EXCHANGE; Hastings's' Improved 1 Large Purple k Plant .c..

57 CHATHAM ST., BOSTON.
Now Offered for the First Time Is Absolutely Pure.
Price of sales furnishedon
Catalogues weekly
application. Seed of high vitality; plants strong, vigorous and thornless; fruit large; dark .
rich purple color; entirely free from light streaks ; weighs 5 to 6 pounds each.A .
O.W.BARNETT. J. H.BARKETT'
ESTABLISHED 1864. PERFECT VARIETY FOR THE SHIPPER OR FOR HOME USE. -c c :

Packet, 10 cents; oz., 25 cents; oz., 50 cents ; } lb., $1.75; lb., $6.00. t9 1
DARNETT BROS., OUR 40-PAGE ILLUSTRATED CATALOGUE FREE.

|j AGENTS H.
FLORIDA :FRUIT EXCHANGE. I 'I'I rfcr*.AOHCISTC F'I 01ZIDA. o ...,... "- -
C
Wholesale Commission, Fruits and Vegetables. .
Stencil WE MAKE THEM !
Prompt return on application.m
Mouth Wau'r Street.'! Chif.PALMER "1l' I And Building Meterial.CHARLESTON .

RIVENBURG & CO., WHAT ARE THEY?
S.
,

G.SUCCESSORS S. PALMER TO The Virginia Ventilated Fruit Carriers
:166 Jtearte Street, Yew York. BENTON & UPSON
SOUTHERN PRODUCE A SPECIALTY. CV'W
FOR EARLY TOMATOES, STRAWBERRIES, PEACHES, AND PLUMS.No. .
Oranges Lemons, Pineapples, and all other i
Fruits ana early truck, also dried fruits,nuts, 41-G Baskets, three-quarter No. 34-16-quart gift crate. jflCKSOistviniiH, FUR.,
fairs,etc. No. 42-4 one-half llushel'l No. 36-32- "
All consignments promptly remitted for. Sten-
Xo.3032s1andar(1
No. Zif2" crate.
cils and market reports furnished free.
References: Bradstreets,and established merchants Send for catologues, prices and samples. IRRIGATING
and banks of the South. SOUTH SIDE MFG. CO., Petersburg, Va.v "

& CO., .

LILLY I WHOLESALE v ;; Southernmost Establishment in U. S. MACHINERY

/
FRUITS AND PRODUCE. ,
It I ESTABLISHED 1883.
GENERAL BOTH
C Rare new fruits;Shrubbery;Ornamental plants-Palms,OrchidsFerns,
COMMISSION I MERCHANTS. 0 Bamboos, Cactus, Conifers, Aquatics. Stock safely shipped over the whole
world. Fine illustrated catalogue of 100 pages sent on receipt ofloc. Clean, Steam and Horse Power.Pipe
218 King Street, Chattanooga,Tenn.
Consignment Solicited. o0 4jS' healthy stock. Low prices.1ItEASOAKIl'

THE "z t% BROS., Oneco, Fin.
----

AMERICAN EXOTIC NURSERIES. NURSERIES OF THE Pipe Fitting,


Aetr, Rare and Description Elegant Plants; of Erery Milwaukee FID r ida Ol1aqge CD. Valve, Hose, Etc.

Palms Orchids Cacti and Bamboos WRITE
FOR
Selected strains of Choicest Varieties.Citrus Fruit Trees a Specialty.
Shade and ornameatal trees and shrubs for Southern Budding-Wood for sale at all times.
lawns and gardens. Choice exotic plants Our stock is large and complete. PROMPT ATTENTION TO CORRESPONDENCE.For .
for the greenhouse or conservatory. Catalogue and Price-List, address .

ORANGE AND LEMON TREES A. L. DUNCAN Manager Dunedin Fla. FRUIT TREESFOR
in all the leading varieties budded from bearing ,
trees on our own grounds and guaranteed -
true to name.
All the New and Desirable Tropical JOHN CLARK SON & CO. SOUTHERN ORCHARDS.Write .
Fruits. Our 83page Illustrated and Descriptive ,
Catalogue for 1892 tells all about these things,and for Catalogue and price list.
Is sent free to applicants. AddressR. JENNINGS' NURSERY CO.
D. HOYT, ,
Seven Manager Oaks, Fla. GROCERS AND COMMISSION' MERCHANTS, Thomas vII It., Ga.SCARLETorCRIMSONCLpIE.


POULTRY FOOD I -DEALERS IN- {


F & :Coal, Hay, Grain, Wines, Liquors, Cigars, Tobacco, Itc mated.have A BOON We the offer variety TO pedigree AGRICULTURE.We that is seed tested, crop and oC''P..

spected and guaranteed, in sealed bags. Par
JACIoCSOXVILLE,: Ta LA.I'AICE Scarlet Clover Bulletin, No. 16. of the
ware Agricultural Experiment Station ci
Trade Mark. prices, etc., address the growers-The )
HOLLIS' CANNED MEAT FOR POULTRYWill ware Fruit Exchange. SAM'L. D
Sec'yWoodaide, Delaware.
Make lIens Lay! LIST OF WHISKEY. 6-9-41
Will Make Chickens Grow!
Parker.$1 75 J. :Martin Rye.$3 00 Biz days earner
.. AND GOOD FOR MOULTING FOWLS. Orange''alley........................... 2 00 '.lrJlnlaGlades .............. ......... 4 OO any variety tee ted at
.. This food Is strictly fresh meat, carefully SJrlng''alley...... ..................... 2 CO Old Bourbon ......:..................... 5 OO Agrleuit'l Ex. !
cooked, nd fine, seasoned and hermetically North Carolina Corn................... 2 50 Kentucky Sour:Marsh .... ............ 5 00 atUcneTa,N. Y.
gro fine, it Clifton Club ............ ............... Old Baker ................... ......... lJ 00 tenderwest grtenteh white:and p u
sealed in 8-lb. cans. Being ground can ...
Montrose Velvet... .. ....... 86 00 Helous. The otJr crra
be readily mixed with soft food.and fed so as togive that ranks not bolb
Extra One two gallon, three gallon, Remit by post office i.__ t
each fowl an equal share. Price 30 cents Jugs : reregistered 25C.; ; 7jc. moneyorder earllnets act
,check or l letter. We cannot ship C.O..D. to dry tcwn Each Tine sealed
per can; $3.oo per dozen. Address HOLLIS A complete pnce list of Groceries, and Wine Lit, sent free on application. I- cur rrrktered!
DRESSED MEAT & WOOL CO.,' 20 North, =.B BMM M.B.Mi mark label. Send
I tjrcuur Iu:K lUl'u.r Information. Agents
JOHN CLARK SONt& CO. '
Boston,Mass. [Mention paper.] address STEffeM* b-om* a.oSSl\ew Canaan

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502 THE FLORIDA DISPATCH, FA1OIKR AND FRUIT-GROWER. [JUNE 30, 1892



REASONS FOR SPRAYINGTREES

S
WITH
.

TIlE EUREli1INSECTICIDE. .


_

__ It will destroy the SPIDER which, is causing the fruit and leaves to drop and
'
= in many cases killing the limbs.It .

will kill the MOVING SCALE. This is the hatching period and now is the time to spray.It .

will destroy the RUST MITE, of which Hubbard found 60,000 on a single leaf, thereby saving' the cost of feeding such an enormous -

mass of insect life, and by their destruction secure bright fruit.

It will not only prevent the oranges from.rusting, but give them a bright, sparkling color-that can be obtained in no- other way
-
"
It will cure FOOT ROT and prevent infection and spreading. -

It will destroy FUNGUS and LICHEN GROWTH, giving the trees a healthy appearance.It .

will, as Mr.Azline (Axlino & Markely; Cincinnati) says, return you ten dollars for every one that it will cost.

APPLICATIONS MUST BE THOROUGH AND AS OFTEN AS ONCE A MONTH.

One:Quart in 50 Gallons of Water is Sufficient. Spraying Outfits in Great Variety at Manufacturers' Prices.

E. 13EA1 j"aclcso1'1.ille; r1t.
.


-, SULPHUR SOLUTION .

((1 SECTICIIEL )

-
'- Is th"t most effective compound yet discovered for destroying the insects infesting the orange tree, and is a sovereign

remedy f f.)1 the various forms of fungi on trees and plants. Being free from all substances of a caustic, corrosive or pois-

onous na1 Ut e, it can be handled with perfect safety to the person, and applied to the trees at any stage of growth without
injury. -

This insecticide has been used by some of the largest orange growers in the State during the past two years, and has

given perfect sat is( lction. Reference f furnished on application.For -

Rust i rVl te use one quart to fifty gallons of wat r.Vhe l used at this .strength the trees should be sprayed for

the 1 Rust Mite twice a month through the season. Where labor constitutes the principal item of expense in spraying treesit

is better and cheaper to use-the Insecticide at full strength, viz.: One gallon of solution to 50 gallons of water, as the

fumes: from the Insecticide will kill the Rust :Mite even if the solution should not happen to touch them. In using the

Insecticide at this strength it will save three or four sprayings through the season, thereby reducing the cost from one-

third to one-half.: This is an Advantage Possessed by no Other Preparation of Sulphur. If used in this manner it

will also kill the other insects that may be moving on the trees. .

For Red Spider and Scale, use one gallon to fifty gallons of water. General directions for using sent on application.Price .

20c. Per Gallon, in barrels. If there is no agent in your vicinity, write for price delivered.

Spraying Apparatus furnished to our customers at cost. .


McMASTER & MILLER, San Mateo, and Citra, F a.




4e.*-j r ., SAVANNAH FLORIDA & WESTERN RAilWAY




$]THE + FLORIDA -?- DISPATCH -|. LINE-fc[

V.W : ; 4 WITH THE IYIAGNIFICENT CONNECTIONS.'

The Great Fast Express Freight System of the South.


The attention of shippers is directed to the Plant S. S.Line between !irava Gainesville! Bainbridge: River Junctio-i: and Savannah; savannah and Charleston and Ocean Steamship Line between Savannah' Philadelphia Boston and New York, and Merchants and Miners
Transportation! Company between Savannah and Baltimjre. The best equipped l,, fastest. an I most prompt lines between all pointy: in Florida-and all points North and Northwest.
. Receivers and Shippers Will Profit by the Following; Unparalleled: Connection:
NORTh }IOUX/>. i, SOUTHWest llttUXD.Doubledaily .
Double daily fast freight service for all points via Albany, Jesup, Bainbridge and : fast freight service from all points North awl West via Albany, BainferMJU"c,Jesup
Savannah. and Savannah to all points in Florida; fast! freight trains both via Gainesville,Jackfloavin.Calla-:
Daily fast freight all rail connection the Atlantic Coast Line to all tern Interior and han and Live Oak
Coast points,including New York,Boston, Philadelphia. Baltimore.Vashingt and Providence. Four ships a week by the fleet steamships! of the Ocean Steamship Company, sailing! from New
Four connections a week for New York via Ocean Steam!hip Compaq: aving Savannah York(New Pier.15 North River,)direct for Savannah:Monday Wednesday: Frklay and Saturday.
ondays, Wednesdays, Fridays and Saturdays. The Boston and Savannah Steamship Company's steamers will leave Boston July 7,14,21 and
Two connecti!ns a week for Baltimore,via Merchant and Miners' Transportation! Company, 28 for Savannah direct, making connection on the dock at Savannah with fast freight trains for all
leaving Savannah every Wednesday and Saturday. points in Florida.
Connections for Boston via Boston and Savannah Steamship Company, leaving Savannah July From Philadelphia, via Ocean Steamship Co.,leaving Philadelphia July 6, i6.a6. every five days
7. 14, 21 and 28. from regular sailing dain New York to Savannah. *
Connections for Philadelphia every ten days via Ocean Steamship Company, leaving Savannah From Baltimore via Merchants and }li ers' Transportation Co., every Tuesday and Friday
July i, II, 21. I making close connection with S.,F. & W. Ry., for all points in Florida.Sailing .
days for Steamships are subject to change without notice.
The Florida Dispatch Line Is the quickest and best freight route from all points North, East and West to Florida. For full particulars rates stencils and shipping
.
.
receipts: apply to any agents of the above lines, or to W3I. IIARUKK: Gen'l Freight Agent Savannah Ga.
O.'D. OWENS,Traffic Manager Savannah, Ga. F. II| PAPY,Asst.Traffic Manager, Savannah, Ga. W. 31. UAVII1SOV, Gen'l Passenger Agt.,Jacksonville, Fla.J. .
J. P. JORDAN Tray. Agent: Quincy J:. DUAYTON", Tray. Agent,JacJuondlJe.t .







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: : HEhORIDADISPATdll.

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f.\.\ FME R U IT'C ROW ER .





$2.00 PER YEAR] JACKSONVILLE. JUNE 30, 1892. F82.OO PER YEARiro'ie

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and sprouts, cross limbs, riders, birds'. to their notion. The man who owns But this is given as an opiate to induce
Orchard nest and scale. He cannot resist the the poorest grove in all the land sleep.

cry of the long, dead branches that thinks he can give a pointer to the *

RAMBLING DOTS FROM A RAMBLING seem to say, as they dance up and one who owns the best in the State. It is useless to go in person to makea

, PEN.What down, "Come and cut me off." He "That fellow," said a clean cultureman complaint. If you do, the archi-

We goes about every day with a pair of as he passed a fine grove where tect and builder are down the road,
Know What We Don't
clippers in his hip pocket and is kept tall beggarweed luxuriated in the in a palace car, viewing the toiling
Know and What.We Want to busy whacking this way and that. morning sun, that fellow is trying to squash-raisers and estimating the cropto

Know.-No. 4. How sad and lonely would be his lot; raise hoss feed. He, he! heVh! lethe be moved and the earnings for the .

It is not best to tell all you know atone how miserable and long his days if man who owned the bald-headed truck season. Complaints roll off of

time. It is not best to tell all youdon't Brother Adams' theory or method or grove overheard his beggarweed them as water off a duck's back.

know at one time. If one did principle was applied to him, or, in neighbor say, as he passed, "That They are educated to hear these

he would soon be out of a job. Whata other words, if he were compelled to fellow is frying out his fertilizers and things; they are meat and drink for

grand thing it would be if one knew bury his saw and pruning knife. He sand-papering his sand. Ho, ho, ho!" them and they grow fat as a Georgiamule

how much he didn't know. If we stands before a tree and admires it And so runs the world away.A in a sweet potato patch.

could get the "fancy"and the "brights" very much as a mother admires her respectable old chap who N

without the "culls," the "wheat" with- first baby, or a hen her only chick. lived very a long while before the war said,
Look at that man in the field. See
the "chaff life would then be
out His and have made it "
clippers saw a
"All men are liars. He said this in
how his brow sweats as he hoes out
worth the But
living. nowadaysinthis of It is that his
thing beauty. true
his haste. Rural that he
presumes the crab See how thin and
fast epoch-everybody has a hand hands covered with his grass.
are scratches, was a stockholder in a national bank lean and lank he is. See his crown-
organ or a mouth organ or some other filled with broken thorns and
arms and had heard by telephone that it
less hat, his ragged shirt his tow-
kind of an organ and each one is try- he is and in ;
angry sores, yet happy, had bursted. Rural don't believe that
string galluses his kneeless ; his
outdo the other in ; pants;
ing to pumping the hour when meditationcomes
evening all men are liars they only differ in
; bare and bleeding feet. He is a truck-
wind-air. Each
one may play a different to him, he soliloquizes thus: many things. Men run in classes, or a squash and cukeraiser.Now .
grower;
tune in a different key, to a "If the who
man wrote'I schools, like fish. They differ in
may
look the
at palace car going by.
different measure, but the object is all would not live alway
many things and agree on others. See that fellow in broadcloth coat
a
the same-No. i. had seen my grove, made by clipperand ,
This and -
Democratic
saw, that hymn would never have permits Republican immaculate shirt with its diamond

Rural has said that all men are dif been written." and other parties; Methodistand studs, his white vest with pearly but-
Catholic and other .
religions.Now tons his Scotch kersey his

ferent. pants,
By permission Mr. Editor
your ,
to illustrate what Rural means :
patent leather boots and shiny plug
he wishes to amend the statementby Rural has said that men are differ- All members of Methodist churchdo hat. He is the builder of freight rates.

saying all men are different in some ent. They may be alike as two peas not believe the whole creed, but the He lives off of the orange grower and

respects. What one man can do successfully in some things and as wide as the seas theories and l dogmas fit them a little squash raiser. In drouths and floods,

another may do partially and in others. A man may eat with you, better than any other religion, so they in frost and in sunshine he exacts the

the third fail dead away trying. Thisis drink with you, sleep with you, vote put up with the little odds and ends same royalties. Reason, argument; ,

so'in Florida. It may be so all over with you, cut bait and pray with you, of their disbelief rather than take on I sarcasm and abuse fail to reach his

the world. Now there is my friend, but when you come to the orange industry some other religions suit which may conscience through his official armor

Dudley Adams, a man of many parts, if you don't take his medicinehe not fit them at all. There is, how- and he on squeezing the
broad between the eyes, full of wise will either give the grand There is goes orange
you ever, an exception. one grower and squashing the squash raiser
'' saws and modern instances. He don'tbelieve bounce or else ask you to sign a note class or school of men who .are a without fear of that awful hereafter

in trimming trees. He says with him at the. bank. Rural got on unit. It matters not what may cometo from whence there is no come-back
in words and figures to the effect thatif board of the other
the cars day and them they stand as firm as the ticket. RURAL.

nature intended that trees should be found two men fighting a duel with foundation of the world. These are ---.----

trimmed a pair of duplex clippers their mouths, exposing their Ignorance the passenger rate architects and the Mangos on the SubPeninsula.Editor .
would be found under every tree witha bad temper and store teeth. freight rate builders. Their rule is to

request that it should be trimmedin The subject was not the Chicago nor give the least service for the most Farmer and Fruit-Grower:
Four hundred thousand fruit it
the prevailing fashion. Under the the Minneapolis conventions nor theWorld's money, and take nothing back if itdon't ,
seems to me, is respectable for the
skillful of Brother Adamsa '
management Fair it was fit.
; orange groves.
first At the low of
i price
need trimming. He crop twenty-
grove may not The battle had been on for some time.
feeds his to rule. He five cents per dozen, we have the suug
trees according One was in favor of clean culture and
In their relation with the outside little sum of about $8,000. This
curries them down as one would a the other wanted to raise his own
world these architects and builders covers the product of only about
horse; he scratches and pats and tick- nitrogen. They fought hard with
les them, and in return they just grow their tongues. Crashes came like the display no more the blood of humanity twenty growers who set only a few
in the have than a mosquito, and a mosquitohas trees about the house, or touched as
up latest style. They no meeting of broadswords, then a home-
water sprouts, no dieback, no cross thrust like a rapier, then the crack of no more than what he gets through lightly as experimenters should.I .
his bill. Rural has said that find only four varieties in the
limbs, no riders, no birds' nest, no the rifle!and the explosion of a torpedo. already crop
branches freight schedules are built without regard The Kidney or common turpentine
scale and stickingout
no dry They were well matched; as the boys
to honesty business principles or the Apricot, the Apple,
and crying "Come and cut me would "gamey." One swbre mango
His say public policy. This is a serious and the Purple, which last has never
off. Come and cut me off. trees that he would kill a man if he put a
and made after sufferingfrom fruited here before. I regard the
are all down to business and this gives plow in his grove, the other swore charge only
their unreasonable exactions.The Apple as the finest. The first men-
Brother Adams time to get acquaintedwith that he plowed his monthIn
grove every
the Inter- tioned is and rather
fact that kidney-shaped
disregard
they
his family, grow fat, good lookingand the year. The battle was still roar-
his state Commission and maintain an unjust flat, is red-cheeked and pale yellow -
happy, and, while clipping ing when Rural left the car.
and illegal rate is sufficient evidence when ripened in the sun, is
coupons, sing with the mocker,
that a poor grower like Rural quite sweet, but has more of the turpentine -
"I'm happy the livelong day.
There is something in our climate< need not apply for redress. If one I flavor than the others. The

But what of my neighbor, who believes which makes many a one know should write to a general manager that Apricot is oblong and round, has but

in clipping? He possessesnone I too much about what he don't the charges on two crates of squashesand little if any red, is rather a deeper yellow -

of the blessings and has all l the Tcnow. This class get mad if you three barrels of potatoes were too than the first mentioned, and has

ills that an orange grove is heir to. happen to know something they did high, perhaps he may condescend to none of the sub-acid and less of the

He finds in his trees die-back, water not tell you, or do something contrary reply that "it will be investigated." turpentine flavor. The flesh is better




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504 THE FLORIDA DISPATCH, FARMER AND FKUIT-GROWER. f JUNE 30,1892


adapted to stand handling or shipping, Now, boys, I have plenty of seeds third fall pruning the old vine is removed Trained on one wire only, it is impos-
while the higher color of the skin and can supply reasonable quantities, entirely. sible for the vine to spread out its
makes the appearance more desirable. but advise only a dozen or so trees The main point of the system is to canes and foliage in a broad, well-

The Apple is not quite round, but for each one. Not one word is said I preserve the vitality of the vine and balanced canopy, affording protectionand
nearly so, and possesses the good here merely to boom the mango and provide for the free movement of sap. grateful coolness to the fruit.
qualities of the Apricot in a pre eminent sell seed. I invite the editor of this Under favoring conditions in Florida Clearly there is a demand for at least

degree. I should plant it in pre paper to verify all I have said, and many growths are so rapid that the one more wire. It is found still bet

ference to any variety we have yet would advise any one who might in- vine or tree soon becomes sluggish or ter to add two more, making three in
fruited. tend to tackle an acre or two to come calloused and needs to renew its youth all. At first the two outside wires

The blight which J spoke of some and spend a day or a week among the somehow. This requirement is provided were stapled to a cross-arm and the
time since has not prevailed seriouslyas trees; see our soil and verify the fact for by the renewal system.A top one was conveyed over the top of

affecting this crop. Besides I thinkwe that they go on flourishing and thriv- SPREADING TOP. the post, but Mr. Haynes has inventedand

can remedy it with the sulphur ing where the orange dwarfs, dwindles Another point in regard to the training patented "cantilever bracket" of
solution; spray or with the sulphide spindles and finally starves- of the vine. In hot countries like I wire, diamond shaped, which is found
of soda mixture. No one living in that's so. My ad. will be found in much more convenient than the
Florida and California the fruit must
protected localities or down south-I the cheap column of this paper. wooden cross-arm. This is made of
be .shaded, either naturally or artifi.
like to have said "below the frost Yours, for millions of boxes of man- cially. In California the dry climate No. 9 galvanized wire, while the trel-

line"-or the line of injurious frost, gos, WM. P. NEELD. permits the vineyardist to grow the lis wire is No. 12.TRAINING .
should fail to put out from an acre to Pinellas p. 0., Fla., June, 1892.Vineyard.
Vitis vinifera, and the varieties of this AND PRUNING.
a few trees of each kind, for variety
family are susceptible of being trained the ends of
Heavy posts are set at
sake know, variety, it is said, is
; you
into semi-arboreal bush-like habit.
a
or the rows to sustain the tension of the
the "spice of life." The only difficulty Tlte .
The vine is rigidly cut back each sea- wire and the weight of the grapes,
about the mango for profit is that -- - ..,- ""' -..,,- son until it becomes a simple stub, and while those in the middle, set along at
we do not produce enough to make Edited by E. DUBOIS, Tallahassee, Fla. its constantly increasing and thicken intervals of thirty-two feet, are only
them known.
ing tuft of terminal canes finally be about three inches thick. The system ;
There is no doubt but that we havea BEGINNINGS AT ORLANDO-I. comes a perfect umbrella, shading the in training, in brief, is as follows:
fruit equal to the peach-and that fruit from the too ardent gaze of the The first year one wire is stretched
reaches the top; yes, sir, the peach is Niagara Villa Vineyards.It sun. If occasionally a cane becomes three feet from the ground and an-
at the top and the mango, where was the general opinion of the partially defoliated through the ravagesof other one fourteen inches above. As

known, is right up there too ; so a growers that a better time could hardly insects or other causes, or the vineis the young vines begin to reach_up
fruit of that excellence cannot but have been selected to see the Orlando feeble and unhealthy and does not they are tied to the lower wire, then to
meet popular favor and a large consumption vineyards at their best, all things con- sufficiently cover itself with foliage, the second one.

and yield, in time, I say, sidered. They have just emerged and the fruit is left unscreened, it frequently The pruning is conducted in accordance -
millions to South Florida. An early from a drouth which has been prob- becomes scalded and ruined, with Mr. Haynes' own the-

bearer and enormously prolific, adapted ably the most severe one experiencedin or at least converted into a raisin on ories. At the end of the first year's
to the poor scrub lands of our twenty years; and only on e of them the vine. growth the vines are headed back to

State, not affected by drouth, nor by has been irrigated, which we shall Now, in Florida the Vitis vinifera.al the lower wire, three feet from the
deluge, no insect enemies, it ought to speak of further along. The evi-- least in the experience of Mr. ground. This wire is ever afterward

figure enormously and help to supplythe dences of this drouth are painfully Haynes, has not been successful in used as the basis or starting point of
'
demand for the oftenlackingpeach. apparent in scores of seedling orange any of its varieties, and he confines the renewal, which annually takes
At half the price of oranges, trees which have yielded from five to himself to the labntsca. This is a free place on this wire, or close about it.
the mango is a fortune in half the time.It fifteen boxes of fruit apiece, to-day grower, a ranger. It must have elbow The three wires at the top are the

does not require the fertilizing that standing without an orange in sight. room. It glows with long joints, fruiting line; it is desired to so prune
oranges do. Like the pineapple (This is not affirmed of all or even the especially when liberally fed, whereasthe the vine and pinch the incipient

seems adapted to the poorer lands o/ larger part of the groves, by any vinifera family have shorter joints bunches that may start too low as to

the State. means). But we did not see a vine and a more stubby and stocky growth hang the fruit, as much as possible,
We will some day see five and ten, yard two years old or upward but generally. The labrusca or American all up snug under the canopy. The
some twenty-acre mango orchards what had all the fruit it ought to carry vine is like a train of American railway edges of this swing over more or less,
here, where only a few trees now (some of them more on many vines) cars; each car is long and its so that to obtain a fair view of the

grow. But, you see, we pioneershave while the oldest one was estimated to yielding trucks give it a free and grace- I fruit the spectator is obliged to stoop
not been able to plant more thana have four tons of fruit per acre, an ful swing. But the vinifera or Eu- I and look up underneath the canopy.

few trees, and we may yet have to equivalent in weight to a hundred ropean vine is like a European train; There it hangs in beauty and abun
introduce and path the way for a boxes of oranges.THE each carriage is short, stiff and spring- dance.

profit. PIONEER VINEYARD.
Next month will be the time for 'of less.Now, with this free growing, long- EFFECT OF TOO MUCH SUNSHINE.
The Messrs.
vineyard Haynes,
those who wish to see and learn of jointed vine, how are we to get foliageto Where there is a rift in the screen
Young & Bailey' naturally comes first
this fruit to visit the lower sub-penin- cover the fruit ? It cannot be of foliage, the fruit is touched by the

rsula-or St. Petersburg, on Orange in mention. forced or coaxed to stand erect and sun, and at first it assumes a golden
The these
tBelt railroad. I think really that this system i is pursued by of the gen- hold its own Umbrella. Neither does color, which is beautiful to the eye,
tlemen an outgrowth systemof
of should be of but it is an indication of a heat which
smatter mango growing of the German system staking seem to
Prof. Munson, Texas: but is
:and fully presented. I herein invite The Munson the free-ranging vine "scope and verge if it does not actually scald and de-
anew system. plan
tBro. Powers; to come down and bring "alternate renewal enough." The vine must be allowed stoy it, which often happens. On the
consists in an or I
his outfit and itself somehow for other hand the fruit which is perfectly
photographing give THE a hearing of fruit on one side of the : to spread it seems
DISPATCH people a little mango show vine one and on the other side the 'to be the nature of the labruscawecan screened preserves a crisp, cool, blu-
tin the shape of an engraving from a year with the only call it "nature," for we are sh-pearly tint almost up to the pointof
following alternating
photo
The mango is a fine pie fruit, and of each season. % any other explanation-to first make an amber-yellow shade. One point

for preserving has no superior. Avery The Haynes system provides for abundant wood before it makes fruit. FURTHER AS TO PRUNING. .
costly sauce is made from it but vine it is Hence the grower is obliged to pro.
renewal of the but to be Mr. Haynes desires to keep his vines
of this I shall hope some one who vide some sort of trellis for it to
treated according to its special require at all times as free as possible from
knows may tell you more. It is equalto ments. Sometimes it is renewed rad- stretch along on. the knots and wounds which are in-

potatoes and sugar cane for fattening ically, that is, from the ground up. ONE WIRE NOT ENOUGH. separable from pruning. Each year,
hogs, and is the chief feed of When it is seen that a vine is likely to But it is too much to demand of the of course, this knotty wood keeps
horses at a certain season in theVest become calloused or sluggish in its sap vine that it shall make an acrobat of creeping up as vine after vine in suc-

Indies. Vegetarians' me it is a movement, Mr. Haynes makes prep- itself, that it shall become a rope- cession is cut away-this year on the
wonderfully nutritious fruit, while arations to muster it wholly out of walker. The vine that is confined to left, next year on the right. If con-
some claim peculiar medicinal quali-- service by allowing a cane to start out a single horizontal wire is necessarilyin tinued indefinitely, the result would
ties for it. I want only to emphasize close to the ground. This is trained a constant treacherous state of poise. finally be that there would be a gnarled -

one or two points already spoken of, straight up and at the end of the grow Every breeze is liable to give it a twist, i and bunchy vine clear up to the
but that will bear repetition, and thatis ing season it is pruned back to two, to make it turn part way around the top wires. He has to give this the

that the fruit is as fine as the peach, three: or four buds. The next seasonit wire.But slip by training up a clean, smooth,
much surer and more prolific than is allowed to retain two or more ad- this is not the most objectionable fresh vine from the bottom. As soonas

.anything .i in Florida, save the guava. ditional buds, and at the second or point of this single-wire system. this can be made to ssume the



i.






30, 1892_ ] ...,. .. THE FLORIDA DISPATCH, FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER.. 505


fruiting form, which is about the third I allowed to grow at will and is cut witha I FLORIDA GROWN AND NORTHERN VINES From outside sources of high au-

year, the whole life of the vine is mowing machine, two swaths in the I are tolerably well known to those of thority we learn that our correspondent's -

transferred to it by cutting off the old balk. This first rutting comes in the our readers who are interested in viti complaint is well founded. Of

vine, scarred and knaggy with the rainy season and is raked with a sulky ; culture. He points out in his fields course, the Orlando growers erred

pruning of years, and tearing it com- rake made for the purpose, and hauled instances which seem to show plainlythe from inexperience. We earnestlywarn

pletely out of the wires. away to the compost heap. A second I superiority of the Northern grown, them to take a lesson from the

THE OLDEST VINES. cutting (sometimes a third one is : not so much in the better and larger orange growers' experience in this di

In the southwest corner of one made) coming in October when the I growth of individual\ vines as in the rection.-ED.
.
field near the house are the two hun- weather is dry, is cured for hay. uniformity of the vines. The Florida Anonas--on Lake Worth.A .

dred vines which constituted the origi- About six tons were cut last. year. vines, when they do well, seem to do
in the
gentleman writing June
nal six old. It just as well as the Northern
vineyard, now years PINCHING BACK. grown; number of the American
Agriculturist
-
is the lowest corner of the field, and Mr. Haynes' views as to pinchingor but there is a large percentage of them says with reference to the anonas:

this year, strange to say, has suffered summer pruning are that it is a which fall much below the standard, "Certain species have been to

more from drouth than the high land. great mistake to check the growth of a good many being so poor as to ren- some extent in Florida, where grown how-
,
Mr. H. states that one before he der further care of them profitless,
year the vine to serious extent,
any exceptas ever, they are subject to injury by
had been able to ditch this of the while the Northern vines are
part it can be done by allowing grass to grown frost, by which that region is some-
field the vines in this low stoodin uniformly good. We no opin-
corner spring up after picking is over. express times visited, although in favored lo-
three inches after hard ion on this subject, merely conjecturing -
water deep a Where a vine is very rampant, he cations they sprout up again from the
rain, and yet bore a fair crop that sometimes allows the hands to pinchoff that one factor to be consideredis roots." After reading this communication -

season. Since he has dug the ditch, barely an inch of? it, but does not the rigid sorting to which vines are I ask where is Lake Worth ?
outside of the field this has subjected in the North, where they
just never allow them to carry any implement in We find anonas along lake Worth
happened again. This corner of the the field which would tempt them to have millions from which to choose, and indeed all over Dade and,
county,
field has borne the heaviest and while in Florida, the business being
crops, cut it back further. When a freely- over a territory larger than the Stateof
he therefore favors low, rich, alluvial growing vine is cut off, the flow of in its infancy and the supply of vines maps, where they are never killed
land (not swamps or quicksandy spots, is checkedit limited, men would naturally be more
sap to extremity at once down by frost. I have in the
be it understood for in reluctant to throw a vine of in. past
) vineyards is dammed away
to
up, so speak-and eight years seen thousands of anonas,
Orange county, but would always haveit produces growth in the vine already different quality. both native and exotic, but have never
well drained and with a good sub- formed. "Bull wood" is formed at the SHIPPING, ETC. found them killed down by frost.

soil.As nodes or joints, that is, the joints Messrs. Haynes, Young & Bailey Very young trees of the A. muricatasour
noted this this low have this eleven acres of Niagara
above
year bulge, the bark and wood creep up year ( sop), the most tender of all the
corner suffered more from the drouth the sides of the buds in the axils of grapes in bearing. Besides they have anonas, will sometimes show signs of

than the higher, and the foliage on the leaves and "drown" them. Theseare forty acres just planted, though these injury from cold. With this .
the vines is Hence the belong to the Orlando Grape and excep-
more scanty. fruit buds, and when they are tion all the ananos, as far as tried
fruit is sunburned and the Fruit Conpany, of which these ,
more foliagea drowned the hope of fruit is gone. gen. are hardy. The A. globia, orau'I"to-
little more off color than on the Vines of the labrusca family, if gener- tlemen own only a part of the stock. lia (pond apple), grows luxuriantlyand
land but the vines look They managed to glean one crate of!
higher as ously fed, have a tendency anyhow to fruits regularly all over this south.
healthy and the fruit is as abundant rank and "drown"the ripe grapes the day before our visit
grow s long as to ern portion of Florida, and is the tree
here as anywhere. buds along the older part of the (June 23)), but in a few days shippingwill of the Everglades. Hence, may be

AMOUNT AND CONDITION OF FRUIT. vine, and if the point of the vine is cut be in active progress.. its name, Pond Apple. The tree de-

Mr. H. pointed out a single vine away and the sap thrown back this Green Grapes. lights in a low, damp soil along a lake
tendency is increased. This drowning shore, while another plant of the
which one netted him $11.50. Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: same
year
The amount of fruit on these six-year of buds (inserted) is also observedin Last summer while going throughthe order, but of a different genus, A.

old vines was large. We looked at a the Kaki or Japan persimmon when streets of Orlando, one could not simina rtticulata, a papaw, with fruit
number of bunches (only here and the top of the limb is cut away duringthe but admire the fine clusters of blue, smaller but not very unlike that of the

there one was beginning to ripen) rank growth of the tree; and this red and white grapes; they looked Northern papaw (A. triloba), abounds

which would probably weigh a pound fact has caused nurserymen to prefer well, but that was all. It was no difficult everywhere in dry, sandy soil.

apiece, square-shouldered, six to eight grafting to budding.THE matter for the true vinevardist to An anona from the Phillipine Islands -

inches long, the berries&Josely packedand COMPOST HEAP see they were a lot of sour grapes. under the name of "AII," has
the Stopping in New York the same been growing for three years upon
even wedged on stem, ren- is an important adjunct of this vine-
dering the bunch dense and heavy in yard. It is contained in a pit summer, I noticed the glorious Lake Worth. The tree bloomed last

the hand. As stated above, Mr. and three feet deep, bricked up 20x9 and bunches of the Niagara; but, alas! year, and dropped its fruit. It prom-

Haynes estimates that there are four cemented water-tight. The floor of there, too, it was sour grapes. ises this year to mature fruit-is a
Trying to cheat the Yankees We vigorous and
tons these old vines. grower perfectly hardy,
per acre on it slopes a little toward one corner and
ought to know it didn't work last fall but to be well-
These all Near may prove only some
are Niagaras. by are a in this corner is a well about a foot
few rows of the Green Mountain variety reaching down to the floor of with oranges. Well, if we want to known variety, returned to America
square
which he looks the acquire remunerative fame let us ship with a foreign name. Anona squa-
upon as only the pit. A pump in this well enables
of the I green grapes, and (fet our fruit be mosa (Sugar Apple), grows almost
probable competitor Niagara so him to raise the drainage of this com-
I known North as the Florida sour spontaneously here. No fruit requiresless
far tested for
and
a shipping grape; post and use it as a liquid manure, if
the firm will of them. grapes. care, and it is much prized by
plant more he chooses, or throw it back on the -
We found only two vines whose compost to rot it further. All the We all know that a green apple or many. The Anona muricata (Sour

fruit was dropping. This seemedto refuse crabgrass and other trash, as peach, if taken off the tree, softens Sop), is held by some here as the most
be due and sweetens to a certain extent; but delicious of all Jruits.' The: 'fruit is
chiefly to an over- well as the stable manure, soap suds,
of fruit also the not so with grape!. Green grapes off not unlike a rough over-grown cucum.
production ; partly to etc., are thrown into this pit, whichis
attacks of a little green beetle which covered with a shed roof when the vines don't sweeten a particle, but ber, often weighing several pounds,
the stem. These had remain sour; and let us remember that and so delicate when matured: as to
girdles
pests heavy rains are to be apprehended.It .
attacked the vines in some force about is emptied only once a year, henceits grapes over-ripe keep much better require careful handling, and cannotbe
weeks before but the than those not fully matured. transported far.
two proprietorshad contents when applied to the vinesare
had them thoroughly hand-picked, well rotted. When grapes are ripe the stem of There are many fruiting trees in
and during our extended walks about the bunch turns from green to brown this region, but this fruit will never be

the fields we did not see a dozen. FERTILIZING. and shrinks some; the seeds also turn grown only for home use or a very
This compost is spread on the groundand to a deeper shade and are easily detached near market. Those who would enjoy

CULTIVATION. plowed under as well as possibleat from the pulp while eating. this fruit, one of the most deli-

The old vines are 10x10; all the the February plowing. About a Color is no criterion, as some grapes cious products of the tropical grove,
later plantings are in rows nine feet month later, when it has had time to will color ten to twenty days before will have to come South for it in its

apart, the vines eight feet in the row. rot somewhat, a special chemical fertilizer maturing. season. The Anona Chcremolia (Jamaica -

They are plowed only once a year (in is applied at the rate of about With a view to testing the astivalis, Apple), is always hardy here,

February) as shallow as it can be doneto two pounds to the plant, with a or pure Florida native grapes, as to and is a worthy member of the anona

turn down the turf and the trash. spreader hauled by a horse. This their qualities for wine making, I will family. Your space will not permit

Cultivation with ,a four-foot Acme har- fertilizer consists of half sulphate of here ask those who can get them to ; me to dwell on the claims of the ano

row is continued steadily every weekor potash of a 95 per cent. grade and half let me know about it, as there may be nas for more general cultivation. It

ten days until about the time the fine ground bone so well acidulated as some native grapes in Florida of great is enough to insist that: we have herea

picking begins say June loth or 15th. to be immediately available.Mr. value, not only for grafting purposesbut climate suited to their general culti

Then the cultivation ceases altogether.The Haynes' views as to the comparative also for wine. vation.-E. GALE, in Tropical Sun.
which later i is merits of B. LAMONTAGNE. .
crabgrass comes up. J. -
Winter Park,Fla. II your blood poor? TakeBHBCIIAU'SPIUXJUNE :




e



TIm FLORIDA DISPATCH, FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER." [JUNE 30, 1892


flJ1lEl\ J1 TleIEl\ that character are rendered better ping paper and shipped in ventilated thing, so I had published in THE DISPATCH .
plants, both to grow and bear, by be- barrels or barrel crates. As with all a short notice stating that for
Beggarweed Seed-Correction.- ing transplanted. other vegetables, they should be 20 cents I would send by mail beans

In the article on this subject, June COMPOST FERTILIZERS. packed firmly so that they will not be enough to give every one a good start.

16, page 466, instead of "16 pounds The egg plant is a heavy feeder, bruised by shaking in transit.A In a short time I had stamps enoughto
to the bushel," read 60. and to make, its culture a success requires DRAWBACK. start a postoffice.. I got about $22
-. -- either very rich land or- else The eggplant has what has been for one peck of beans. That was at
Culture of Egg Plant. heavy fertilizing. If the plant food is termed "dieback," which we believeis the rate of $88 per bushel. That cer-
Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower. not in the soil it must be supplied.The a disease caused by lack of some tainly beats oranges and peaches.
During the past two weeks we have soil before planting should be necessary constituent of plant food in Well, I am out of the bean business.
received a number of letters askingfor very thoroughly and deeply worked. the soil, rather than from a micro- Some day I expect to return to my
information as to the culture of The matter of best fertilizer for egg scopic insect. It shows by the wilt charming home at Keuka, and you
egg plant. So far as _we know thereis plant is a disputed question. Our per- ing of the leaves and gradual death of may rest assured that I will want an-
sonal preference is muck and other start in the Florida Butter Bean.
no work on gardening which covers a good the plant. This tendency is greatly .
its culture Florida in any practical stable manure compost, with about 200 reduced by the use of sulphate of J. H. MOORE.Mt. .
manner. "We will give a few pointsas pounds of cottonseed meal to each potash in the soil together with fre- Morris-, 111.-. .
to its culture, which may be of use cord of it. With a compost of this quent and thorough cultivation.THE The Velvet Bean.
to your readers. sort, two large shovelfuls to each hill, USE OF POTASH Editor Farmer and Ft uit-Grower:
The present interest in its culture is you will get good "eggs." We also also has another desired effect. It For the benefit of Mr. P. .Barnett,
the result of drawing the attention of believe it advisable to use threeor makes a fruit that is much less liableto H. G. Hastings and your numerous
the planters to it lately as a valuable four ounces of high grade sul- rot and will stand shipment better readers in general, I wish to state thatI
shipping crop, especially for fall ship phate of potash to each hill, for reasons and keep longer after picking than have experimented with the above
ment. We stated at the meeting of which we will state further on. those without its bean for several years. In November,
grown use.
the Horticultural Society at Ormondin In the absence of compost, as described What we have written is subject to 1890, I forwarded specimens to the
May that we believed it would commercial vegetable fertilizers from further but Agricultural Department in Washington -
change experiments,
prove a most valuable crop. It has will have to be used. Each one believe it be the asking for the botanical name
we now to most practical
steadily increased in popularity in the has his favorite brand, so we 'do not information that has- yet been and whether they were edible, to
Northern markets, and the demand is care to say anything in that line. We given. As to the germination of seed which the following reply was re.
Believe, however, that, where commercial -
a growing one. ceived :
the colder months
fertilizer is used, it is best to during we gave a loth
"Your letter of the inst. with
BEST VARIETY. method in our paper read before the ,
give a light second application of it
have been
. For shipment the strains of the Horticultural Society, and which was accompanying specimens,
the bloom.
just as plants begin to
received. The beans
large, purple variety, best known as Commercial fertilizers are quickly published in this paper in one of the are technicallycalled
issues. Mucuna pruriens, and are natives .
the New York Improved, are the May
available and used
are quickly
up. of South America. We have
H. G. HASTINGS. no
only one's to be used. We also be-
Egg plant is a comparatively slow record of their edible and
Interlachen, Fla. being we
lieve that this is the best variety for and the first application of fer ..
grower --- --- have no record of their being poisonous. -
home use, but the Black Pekin is ear-
tilizer is taken before the -
usually up A Florida Bean Stork: They belong to a family con-
lier and more prolific, and on that account -
fruit is matured hence the
; necessityof Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: taining many varieties used both for
preferred by some for homeuse.
.- the second application. In a late number of your paper I food for man and cattle. If stock

THE SEED BED I TRANSPLANTING.In notice an article concerning the Florida i would eat them, they might prove of
transplanting to open groundsome Butter Bean. While living at Keuka, value as a nutritious fodder. It certainly -
should be of rich, finely pulverizedsoil plants will die, so that a good Fla., and also during the two years I would do no harm to try them.
and should be shaded both from reserve should be held for resetting.By was in the Cherokee Nurseries, I raised Respectfully,
sun and beating rains. Scatter the planting three feet apart each way this bean with excellent success. I J. M. RUSK, Secretary."
seed thinly in the beds and cover to a will be contained in short while afterwards Mrs.F.
A .
4,840 plants one regard it as the best bean in the South.I ,
depth of one-half inch. If extra attention acre of ground. Seed should be procured it of one of the old settlers read in a German magazine a description -
can be given in the way of the of four for of this bean written
sown at rate ounces living near Melrose. He gave me very bya
watering, the seed need not be cover each of shouldbe with. traveler in who stated that it
acre ground. They seven beans to start In a few !}Brazil,
ed more than one quarter of an inch, hoed or worked thoroughly at least years I had supplied all my neighborsand made a delicious t dish when cooked
but to provide against the soil dryingout once in ten days, but if it can be done sent them to scores in different with mutton. We tried it immediately -
by accident we believe one-half conveniently every week it will be parts of Florida.I and found it so, and I reported the
inch to be better. The soil in the better. To bring them to greatest planted them in hills four feet apart result to Washington again, receivingthe
seed bed should be kept moist, but not the should be letter of
them six
perfection ground kept and gave good strong poles following acknowledgment -
wet. If wet all the time the seed is moist but in the of the seed
as case feet high to run on. These poles were :
,more apt to rot in the ground than to beds, not wet. Planters on the Indian made of heart pine and kept from yearto WASHINGTON, D. C., Dec. 6, '90.
germinate. We would say here that river have the advantage over the rest year. During the months of June, "Your letter of the 2d inst. has been
many cases of failure to germinateseeds of the State in this crop, inasmuch as July, August and September my family duly received and referred to the Bot-
is from watering the seed bed they can irrigate it cheaply from artesian used this bean nearly every other day. anist. We have to thank you for the
until it is soggy and full of water, and wells and free from information which the
are usually When picking the dry pods were you give as to
unless the drainage from the bed is frost during the winter; enabling themto picked along with the green ones, but usefulness of the black-podded bean,
exceptionally good, the seed is very put it in the market from January to we always placed the dry ones in a Mucuna pruriens. This information
apt to rot; or if the seed does germi- April, inclusive, the. time of highest sack to themselves. This sack is being the result of your personal investigation .
nate, the process of "damping off" is prices. usually kept hanging in one of the and experiment is valua-
very liable to get in its work. SELECTION OF LOCALITY. outhouses. We were careful to put ble, and you have added another arti-
After the third or fourth leaf has We would not advise planters on into this sack only unbroken pods, for cle to our list of edibles.

appeared they should be transplantedin land subject to spring frosts to attemptto in that manner we kept the bean until Respectfully,
shaded ground or boxes about two make a spring crop of eggplant, the next season without a weevil to EDWIN WILLITS, Ass't. Sec."
and a half inches apart. As soon as expecting to get large prices. Egg. trouble them. In fact, I never saw This bean would be worth propagating
the plants cover the ground fairly well plant requires five months to mature the weevil in the Florida Butter Bean for its beautiful blossoms alone,
they should again be transplanted to from the time seed is planted, with kept in this manner, and for that rea- but it is the most prolific bean in ex
four inches apart. They should be favorable weather, and by the time a son I have always regarded them as istence. I planted one hill on a poultry
put in the open ground when five or spring crop has matured in central or weevil proof. Possibly they may get fence, 7 feet high, and the vines
six inches high in rows three feet apart northern Florida the best priced mar- into the bean, as mentioned by Mr. soon covered over 20 feet on both

each way. ket is gone. Their hold is on the fall Bishop, if not stored away in the pods. sides, and I gathered about 1,000
FIELD PLANTING. crop. Seed for fall crops should be Let me tell you a little bean story. beans from that one hill. If any of

The question has, been asked us, sown from the middle of May to the When I moved my family from Keuka, your readers wish to try them, I will
"Can the seed be planted in the hill middle of July. Eggplant is a tropi. Florida, Waycross, Georgia, to take send a small sample package free by
where the plants are to stand?" Theycan cal plant and will not stand frost. charge of the Cherokee Nurseries, we mail for ice to any applicant.
be, but the risk is too great. It Each planter knows when frost is apt had about a half bushel of the Florida ALBERT FRIES.

is expensive seed ($6 per pound), and to appear in his section and must judgehis Butter Beans. We were using them St. Nicholas. .
the planter will be very lucky if he. time of planting. Under favorable quite freely, for we thought as_ muchof LADIES .
gets a stand planting in the hill once conditions each plant will produce five them as of the white Yankee bean.It Needing tonic tog,up or,children should take who wart band.- '"
in a dozen times. It is a well estab- to eight marketable eggs, which should occurred to me that other familiesin BROWN'S 1JIOW BITTERS.
It is pleuant'to'take, cures Malaria, .
lished fact that all l vegetable plants of be'clipped, wrapped in brown wrap- Florida would like to enjoy a good z tioa, BWoiuaesr dad LWer Compl&1ntJ IndlS06 .




. .

.



s
JUNE 30, 1892] THE FLORIDA DISPATCH, FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. 507

--
--

THE FARMER'S FRIENDS. Among .our most
common and useful allies -
Insects Beneficial to Truck and Y IioJ
are the following:
Other I N
Crops.
The 9-spotted Lady- 1'4 1'4
Insects are not altogether useless or bug, Coccinella novem-' q o

noxious. They play most importantpart punctata. :Fig. 21. This z p
in the fertilization of the ovulesof JW beetle is brick-red, with CIIC o

species of plants. There is Pig. 21-9-SPOTTED 9 black spots. )
many AND
SS5Z00: The spotted Lady-
also a large class of rapacious, car- bug, Hippodamia macu- p 114

nivorous insects which are, in an indirect lata, Fig. 22. This beetle is pink, 1'0o'

way, extremely useful to all with black spots. 0a!

growers of plants, because they hunt The convergent Lady-bug, Hippo C!
damia Fig. This is ,
convergens 23.
out and destroy the eggs, larvae or ma- t ,,.
orange-red with small black spots. F
13 <<
ture forms of noxious insects. rbe

While waging a relentless warfare is:
upon the insects which prey upon our

crops, we should spare encourage and I 'f- Fig.29 shows the" Elongated Ground
protect our allies. These latter, as
Pasimachus elongates. It is of a shin-
from their
one might imagine preda-
ing black color with dark-blue
cious habits, are generally large and Fig. 22, .Fig. 23.-CONVERGENT edge. Fig. 32-DRAGON FLY. '
IO-SPOTTED LADY-BUG a. Larva. Fig. 30 shows
ferocious with
looking, powerful jaws LADY-BUG. j b. Pupa. c. Adult. the Banded Soldier
I
for seizing and tearing their prey. In cut worms cut off the young plants as
The Fiery Ground Beetle, Calosoma Bug, Milyascincinatus. have
spraying with insecticides no discrimi soon as they come up.Vir -
nation can be made between friendlyand callidum (Fig. 24)), is one of our largest, The worms are the larval form of several
most beautiful, fern"'onc nrH rapacious l'i' line at the left I
injurious insects, but as the !species of clinking beetles, which, as
friendly insects are carnivorous and shows exact size. beetles, livein rotten wood, and there.
do not eat the foliage they are not t This is one of our fore such should be kept out of bean-
in-
hurt by Paris green or London purple. most elegant The colorsare

They are, however, killed by the ker- sects.black white
osene emulsion and all insecticides ,
which kill by touch. Many farmers 29-LONG GROUND and yellow. It
BEETLE lives chiefly on ,
who have to resort to handpicking to ,
trees, feeding upon worms and bugs Fig. ID-GREASY CUT-WORMS.
save their crops, finding these ferocious S
looking, carnivorous insects more or it finds there. fields. Cut-worms are the larval formsof

less abundant upon the plants, con- b Fig. 31 shows the ThickthighedSoldier several species of night flying
clude that these must be the parent a11g. Bug, Acanthocfphala fcmorata.Fig. moths. The best preventative of

forms of the lice or worms which do BEETLE. 24-THE AND FIERY LARVA.GROUND these is to spray Paris green upon

the damage. These, then, are care- insects It feeds chiefly upon cutworms green succulent vegetation of any
fully picked off and destroyed, in the but destroys vast numbers of kind, especially clover and cab-
belief that in this way the increase of cotton and boll-worm This beetle bage leaves. Dust upon these
the noxious insects may be prevented.This 0 some wheat flour and roll the leavesb

is a very unwise proceeding.These 1
ferocious looking, predacious .
insects are among the farmer's best
friends. Where they are present in
considerable numbers the further in- a b

crease, if not the reduction, of the Fig. -BANDED SOLDIER BUG.

noxious insects is assured, at no cost This insect is very common in the a
to the farmer. South. It is of a black-brown color,
Among predacious insects none are sometimes inclining to red. It is of b
more beneficial than the "lady-bugs," the exact size shown. Has a bad [PARENT MOTH OF CUTWORM.in .

Coccinellat several species. These are smell. a ball and tie. Prepare the field at
the natural enemies of plant lice. least a week before planting the beans
The larva of the Lady-bug resemblesa and distribute the poisoned balls

miniature alligator, and its appetitefor Fig 25-GREEN GROUND BEETLE.is throughout the field, say, 10 feet apart.
plant lice is simply amazing. The shining greenish-black, with golden The worms, coming to the surface and
lad v-bugs vary in color and size, but dots in straight rows. It is most use- finding no growing plants, will eat the
they are all small, and the usual colorsare ful in the larva poisoned baits. The baits must be
red, or pink spotted with black; state.The Green Ground renewed when withered. A shinglemay

black spotted with red, and yellow Beetle, Calosoma scru- be placed upon each ball to keepit

spotted with black. tator (Fig. 25)), is one moist. .
The noxious cucumber beetle may of our most common, [The' above article and cuts are
be known from the true Lady-bug by elegant and useful from Bulletin No. 84 of the N. C.

its being striped instead of spotted. nsects. It is. of a Experiment Station, for which we are
Lady-bugs with us are never striped. shining green color, indebted to the courtesy of Mr.
The squash borer, Dia without spots or Gerald McCarthy, Botanist and Ento-
brotica I z-unctata(Fig.\ 19)), stripes. mologist.]
resembles a Lady-bug, but it 26 and I
Figs.
27 !
is larger and has locg "feel show the Murky Fig. 31-THICK-THIGHED SOLDIER BUG. _-e-o-e .

Fig. I9; ers," which Lady bugs have- Fig.GROUND 26-THE BEETLE.MURKY Ground Beetle, Har- Fig. 32 shows the Dragon Fly, or
BoRSx. not. The Diabrotica IS palus caligfnosus, and its larva. The "Devil's Darning Needle," Libelula TUTT'STiny

greenish-yellow, with black spots. beetle is of a trimaculata It is our swiftest flying -
There is another insect closely related blackish color; of insect. In the larva state it feeds upon Liver Pills:
the Coccinella in the adult state it feeds
to true lady-bugs ( the exact size mosquitoes; Vaa antl-bfflous and anti-malarial
and Hippodamia), which feeds upon shown. upon many insects. It never harms remedy an are wonderful In their effect
cucumber and squash human beings or animals. It shouldnot 9 in freeing the system of biliousness V
Fig. 28 shows and malaria. No one living In
plants. This is Epilach- the Virginia Tiger be persecuted.AN ft Malarial Regionsshould .
borealis shown at Fig. bemlthout them. Their use
na Beetle TttrachaVtrginica.
t ENEMY-THE CUTWORM. prevents attacks of'chills and fever,AW
,20. It is of a reddish- It is A dumb ague bilious colic, and elves W
yellow color, with seven Snap beans are not damaged to any the system strength to resist all the
of a shining green evils of an unbealth.and impure at-
r black spots on each wing color with brown considerable extent by insects except .Biosphere. Elegantly sujrar-coated..
wire and cut-worms. Wire-worms eat Price,25c. Office 39 Park Place,N.Y.
Pig.20. It is much larger
BoJl=. cover.than the true Lady-bug. legs.act Size. Of Shown.the ex- Pig TIGER 28THE BEETLE.VUiGINJA the seed beans in the ground, and e.- .



"' .

508 THE FLORIDA DISPATCH, FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. [JUNE 30, 1892


STEPHEN POWERS, Editor.P. Horticultural Society's Report. the general average. Again, corn is the oranges are few and far between.But .
Address, ,Fla.
O. awtey
Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: put at 90, when it should be, accord. at last they set a powerful dredgeat
A full of the proceedings o(
report ing to the county averages reported, work in Orange Lake, and now the
Our Indian River exchanges
present the Florida State Horticultural Society -
92. We do not make these criticisms whole surface of the grove is covered
many facts and movements which, at its last annual meeting, held at
captiously at all but in the most kindly with chunks of rich, blackishbrownmuck.
taken together, render it extremely Ormond, will soon be published in
railroad way and purely in the interest of an No doubt there is a lack of
that the
probable long expected book form. Besides this report the
accurate and valuable crop report. potash, however; it is safe to affirm
is about to be built down that volume will contain a short history of
The difficulties encountered in collect- that of any Florida grove.
river-at least one if not two. The
the society list of its
a present mem-
careful statistics from farmersare
rapid increase of the pineapple indus- bers and officers, liberal extracts from ing crop Citra oranges generously built manya
very great, but when figures are mile of the railroad in the
try, the rush of settlers into that region some of the most valuable papers read days
once obtained they ought to be com- when it southward
and far below and the treacherousco at and fine was feebly creeping
past meetings, a portraitof
in the State office with
piled scrupulouscare.
nditions of navigation on that shal-- President Dudley W. Adams. We through hammock and pine. Todaythe

low river, to say nothing of excessive desire to publish as full a membershiplist magnificent palace cars sweep
One thing more: Cotton is reported from end of the almost
railroad charges on the existing sys- as possible, and hope that those one peninsula
tems northward from Indian River, all who wish to renew or to join as new under two headings, "condition" and i down to the other, but the old trees

point strongly to the necessity for additional members will do so immediately that "stand." "Stand" has reference to stand depleted and hungry. Now,.in

facilities of transportation. their names may appear in the fine the density or sparseness of the grow- the days of its maturity and power,

III volume to which the one dollar mem ing crop on the ground-the greateror the F. C. & P. Railroad owes them at

Our old contributor, Dr. J. C. Neal, bership fee will entitle them.. AddressW. i less number of plants on an acre, least one good train load of German
now Director of the Oklahoma Exper for instance. This is an importantitem potash. .
S. HART, Sec'y.Hawks .
iment Station, sends us Bulletin No. Park, Fla. in the general count, but it does
Steady Progress of Orange Culture
2. He has sown 5 I grasses, mostly .-*-f not give any information as to the
Has Faith in Florida. At DeLand Mr. J. B. Stetson, the
from Asia, Africa and Australia, 12 acreage. We should be glad to learn
Put the remark of the DeLand Philadelphia millionaire, who has a
from Denmark, 23 common kinds, 25 from these reports the acreages of the
orange grower, quoted in another princely winter residence there, is
varieties of the legume or clover fam- various crops in the several countiesas
column, over against the U. S. adding grove to grove until he owns
ily, planted 33 kinds of corn, 29 of compared with the acreages of last
Weather Bureau record of a temperature 400 acres. At a central point, near
cotton, a great variety of miscellaneous of 22 at DeLand last winter. year. -..- the railroad, he is erccting an immense

plants, 190 varieties of apples (all Evidently he is not scared. The June Bloom. stable for his teams and implements,

of which are given by name/ 13 of As a recompense, to some extent, Extracts from "correspondents' remarks" and hard by another building nearlyas

apricots, 33 cherries, 22 crabapples, 2 for the health, pleasure and profit he in Weather Bureau report : large for a packery. He has con-

nectarines, 1'05 peaches, 35 pears, 71 has found in that restful little town of Eustis"Oranges blooming." Oxford tracted with a company to erect water
126 besides several
plums, grapes, he founded Stetson works to and it is
groves, Universityand -"Large orange trees show good irrigate 300 acres,
miscellaneous fruits. A deal of
great has erected all its buildings up to growth and blossoms." Orlando- among the contingencies that the same
work has been done in build-
getting
date. Last winter there were about "June orange blossoms better than company may supply the town and irrigate -
started tools and collected !
ings apparatus two hundred pupils in attendance, and anticipated. St. Petersburg"Somegrape many other groves. A fertilizer

etc. -- -- room for some of them had to be fruit trees. white with bloom and factory has a contract to furnish him
-
The Interstate Commerce Commis- made in attics. Once more this be- orange trees putting on bloom." 400 tons of fertilizer per year, which

sion estimated that the cost of trans- neficent patron of the university came Melrose item in Green Cove Spring- will cost him about $14,000. Just be-

porting a ton of fruit from Californiato voluntarily to its assistance; but to "Some of the orange trees in F. J. fore going North he told a friend that

Boston was .97 of a cent per ton give diversity to the course of his be- Darlington's grove are white with the groves he has: gotten into good
nevolence he had the magnificent condition are the best paying -
per mile-practically one cent per ton. bloom. In a recent trip we saw occasional properties

Calling the distance 3,000 miles, the structure now approaching completion bloom all the way from De- he owns.

cost for the entire distance is $30. and which will cost built, $60,000 Land to Orlando and from Orlandoto By the way, there is no better indi-

There are twenty-five boxes of orangesin and named by his wifeElizabethHall. Leesburg. More is expected as cation of the prosperity of the orange

a ton, which would make the cost Now it is his turn again, and the soon as the rains wet the soil industry, despite the long drouth just

per box $1.25. Major Fairbanks, in new dormitory, to cost $20,000, for thoroughly. A Sumter county grower ended, than the constantly increasing

his annual address to the stockholdersof which the foundations are just being expressed to us his firm belief that activity of the fertilizer business. The

the Fruit Exchange, stated that the excavated, will be built and named by the half crop now on the trees would factories at Jacksonville, Gainesvilleand

charge for carrying a box of oranges himself. When Mrs. Stetson's turn yet be made a full one by later bloom, DeLand are running full of orders.In .

from Jacksonville to Chicago, 1,089 will come again: is not yet determined; even in July and August. This late the simple matter of tobacco stems

miles, is sixty cents. Applying the but if the orange industry continuesto crop will stand the frost better than one of them lately received and sold

rule of the Commission, the cost expand the increasing concourse of that of the regular March bloom, for seven car loads in one day. Schooner

would be, in round numbers, $11 per students will presently outgrow their the skin is thicker. after schooner is coming into the St.

accommodations a third time. Johns laden with German potash or
ton, or forty-four cents for a box'of ..
As Goes Citra. bone from India.
To Cincinnati d
82 miles
oranges. State Crop Report.
the present charge is forty six cents. The June Bulletin still presents a As goes Citra, so goes Florida, is Between Orlando and Ocala we

By the rule of the Commission it better showing than the severe and the sentiment of many an orange. counted from.'the car windows 147

should be thirty-three cents. As a universal drouth would.have led us to grower. But the frost and the drouth new groves five years old and under.

matter of fact, however, according to expect, and only adds another to the hit Citra hard the last time. As the Only one of them, so far as we know

the Fruit Trade Journal, the railroadsare many evidences heretofore given of train rolls between the famous forest- -the twenty-acre grape-fruit grove

actually carrying California fruit the remarkable drouth-resisting capa- l like groves it is painfully apparentthat near Orlando-is owned by a com-

below cost. The Journal says the cur- city of Florida soils. But the soil and the grand old trees have been pany; all the rest are evidently indi-

rent charge from California to Bostonis the crop reporters seem to have done .abused both by man and by Nature. vidual holdings. All of them are

only at the rate of .02 of one cent : their work better than the crop com- For fourteen years in unbroken suc- r small; some of them simply extensions

per ton per mile. But the transconti-- pilers. For instance, cabbage is placed cession man took good crops from !of groves already grown; many of themare

nental roads were so heavily subsi- at 35 when, out of the 28 counties them and gave little or nothing not extra well cared for; but we

dized by the Government with bonds reporting, only three give so low a back. Even a Florida hammock can- did not see a single grove abandoned.A .

and land that they can afford to carry figure, while all the rest range from not stand everything. Many of the bronzed, hearty planter who got

fruit from the Pacific coast below cost. I 50 up to 100. This would give 73 as trees show hundreds 01 dead tips and aboard at Leesburg answered our



JU1m 30, 1892] THE FLORIDA DISPATCH, FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. 509



question with emphasis: "Quit plant- erate. Havana, sugar loaf, bring 9.00 to Phosphate Notes. Fernandina, in the meantime, contin-
20.00 per 100, and strawberry 5.00 to 11. ued to increase steadily, having shipped
ing ? Ho! we've There is
orange groves only a most outlookfor
encouraging
Floridas 5.50 9.25. Jn 1891 and the
. per case; to Georgia 61,430 tons making up
just begun. I tell you, sir, the Florida peaches have been reaching the market the Florida phosphate industry at grand total to the 31st of May, 1892, 115,-

orange is the biggest fruit south of In unsatisfactory condition, and of very present-a better condition existing thanat 810 tons, which is nearly equal to the
poor quality. The celebrated Elbertas, any time since the establishment of combined shipments made from all other
Mason and Dixon's line yet." however, are expected very shortly, the business in this State. ports. These figures in reference toFernandina's
The
when results are bound to be more satis- depres- shipments are correct, as
factory. Crystal Springs tomatoes have sion which began a year and a half or they were obtained from the custom

JVIall e S. found a declining market this week. two years ago has touched "rock bot- house records.

Prices opened on Monday at 1.90, and tom," and the reaction has set in very The amount of shipments from other
v have declined to as low as 1.30 on Friday. ports we get from our exchanges, and
JACKSONVILLE, FLA., June 29. This can be attributed to large arrivals vigorously. For many months duringthe we believe them to be substantially cor-
of Florida tomatoes of unusually good year 1891 phosphate operations in rect.

FRUITS AND VEGETABLES. quality. Onions show a wide range in Florida were nearly at a standstill; there : "Figures do not lie," and in this in-

[Corrected to date by Marx Bros.] quality, and while best lots are held was little or no demand in any part of stance they speak volumes. They tell

These are average quotations. Extra choice steadily, common drag at irregular fig- the world for either low us that Fernandina is the great phosphate
lots fetch prices above top quotations while poor ures. Bermuda, 1.00 to 1.20 per crate; high or gradesin shipping port, and that she has handled
lots sell lower. New Orleans, 1.00 to 1.05 per"sack and hard rock or pebbles, and pricesifany about one-half of the whole output since

Lemons Fla.......................... 2.00103.00 2.25 to 2.37 per bbl. A car of Red Cali- were offered at all-were generallytoo the discovery of this valuable rock. They
.' Messina............. ........ 4.50105.00 fornias arrived but didn't freight. also demonstrate that the exportation is
Limes 100............ ................. .50 bring low to warrant the expense of min-
Pineapples crate..................... 3.00 to 4.00 Squash dull, except crook-neck, which is And in addition to these steadily increasing, and that our facili-
........ .. held ing. things ties for far to
Bananas bunch ... .... .... 1.50 to 1.75 steadily. handling are superior any
Potatoes Dew barrel ................. 2.50 to12.75( there was a good deal of "wind" in the of our contemporaries. Now that our
sweet bushel..... .......... 1.00
Florida cabbage bbl... .. .......... 1.50101.7.5 business up to a year ago, as the Times- export trade is established and perma-
Onions crate......................... i.ooto 1.25 NEW YORK, June 25. Union plainly indicated.It nent, the next thing in order i h. to return
Turnips barrel........................ 1.50 Potatoes, Southern Rose, 1.25 to 2.00 shipments, which will certainly follow
Beets .. ................ ....... 2.25 ; is not improbable that the Times- the destined for the
Carrots ..... ........,..... ...... 2.50 Chili Red, 1.00 to 1.25; egg plants 5.00 Union's statement of the at that exports. Freights
Parsnips, .. .......... .............. 2.50 to 6.00; onions, basket, 75c.: to 1.25; bar- case South and West will naturally seek a
Radishes dozen....... ................ .40 rel, 2.00 to 2.50; tomatoes, Florida car- time had something to do with the rapid cheap route, which these empty ocean
............ restoration of the to conducton
Cucumbers, not wanted. industry a offer. Yes tradeis
Celery l .................. ............... 50 to .60 rier, 1.00 to 2.00; Savannah, 1.50 to 2.25; common sense and business princi- steamships ,our foreign
Egg Plants each....... .... .. ....... .10 to .1234 melons, 15 to 20 cents; muskmelons, 1.00 already established and certain to
Beans crate......... ................. 1.00 to 2.00; peach, Georgia, Early Rivers, ples. At any rate scores of operators in grow, both in exports and imports.-
Peas,crate.. ....... ............ ...... i.ooto 1.50 I 2.00 to 3.00 Alexander Florida phosphate properties have as- Fernandina News.
Cauliflower........................... 1.00 to 2.00 ; 2.00 to 2.50; sured the Times-Union that its famous .
Tomatoes..................._......... 1.00 to 1.25 pines, 10 to 15 cents. "wind" interview of June 21 .
Peaches .. ....... 1.75102.50 PALMER, RIvE BUnu & Co. 1891, was The Evil of SlipShucking.As .
Squashes, slow sale bbl ... ........ .100 to 1.50 one of the best articles on the subject of
Waterme ons..:._...... .. ....?_... .12 to .15 phosphates that ever appeared in its it will soon be time for gather
Canteloupes........................ .. i.5o to 2.00 columns and that it
Mangoes, too......... ................. I.SOtO 2.00 PHILADELPHIA, June 27, was highly bene- ing corn, and many have given their
Grapes, Concord ten-lb baskets...... 1.00 Oranges the bulk of the offerings come ficial to the industry. At all events the"wind" plans for keeping the weevil out of
has all been
from California and comprise the :Med- now pratically advocate
POULTRY corn-some damp gathering
AND EGGS. ,
blown out of the business; it is now as
terranean Sweet and Rind St. Michael \
Hens.._..... -..........................J .40 to .45 Paper safe an industry to invest in as coal or some sprinkling with salt studs, and
Roosters................ .............. 30 to .35 variety. Very few foreign oranges in it will others the crib with
mining not to
Broilers...................... .... 2510 .30 to be had. Californias quoted at 2.50 to Pennsylvania; paint corn car-
Turkeys.............................. i.ooto 1.25 3.50 box. Pineapples are scarce and bring wealth rapidly, but steadily; and bolineum, still others using sulphurI -
Ducks..................... ........... .20 to .35 per inasmuch as the consumption of com-
Geese................................. .10 to ..15Eggs. firm at 8 to 20 per hundred. Watermelonsare mercial fertilizers is increasing at will give my mite of experience,
................................... .14 to .15 beginning to come in quantities enormous rate all over the world, the an which may, if it turns out favorablythis
enough to command liberal attention
from the trade. Offerings are entirely production of merchantable phosphatesmust year, solve the problem.!
necessarily be profitable.The It is to slip-shuck the
customary
JACKSONVILLE MARKET NOTES. shipments from Georgia and owing to
drouth the quality is not up to the usual cessation of mining operations has corn as it is gathered; that is, the corn
Word that all the lessened the and
comes pineapplecrop high standard of the Georgia product, materially supply, justat is off from the stalk with
is harvested below Titusville. It present there is a demand for Florida ear pulled as
came with a rush while the drouth lasted, obtained.which accounts Large for size the tow melons prices being phosphates far beyond the ability of few shucks left on the ear as possible.

but the rainy season has caught the last ble at 17 to 20 hundred,ripe and smaller quota-stock miners to supply within the time de This always has been my practice, but

shipments and market men are fighting from 11 to 15. sired. The prices are highly satisfactory, last year, owing to indifference on my
shy of them on account of rot. Still and, what is better, they are "stiff,"
and of weather
we have not heard of any sales lower with no signs of weakening. Within part, by reason damp ,
than 2.75 per crate in this city. Tens of CHICAGO, June 17. the next year the phosphate industry about half of my corn was not slip-

thousands of people a qn. in Florida had California oranges, Navels, 4.25 to 4.50; will bring many hundreds of thousandsof shucked, having been jerked from the
never seen a "pine" until this year; thou seedlings, choice, 3.50 to 4.00; Florida dollars into Florida with "handsome" stalk with all the shucks and stems on

sands have not yet. The natives buy pines, fancy, crate, 6 to 7.50; small and profits. If the miners will only act the ears. Now to the point. The
them as curiosities and whittle them off quality, 4 to 5; watermelons per car, wisely from now on-not lose their shuck is weevil while
slip corn eaten
with dirks; one man called them "cac- 150 to 200; small per 100 15 to 17.50; fan- heads-the business can be made steadily ,
tus apples." Since the rains began remunerative, with a constant increasein the other corn not slip-shucked is as
cy, 25: ; egg }plant? crate, .75 to 1; onions,
Florida peaches have improved in quality. bushel, choice, 1.75; potatoes, sack, profits ; but if they go to work wildly sound as if it had just been gatheredfrom
"I am getting better money today< Southern California, .90 to 1; Louisiana, again, the depression of last year is almost the field. This shows that na

for Florida :peaches than for Georgia," bbl., large, 2; :Mobile\ 2.10 to 2.25; Ten- sure to be repeated. But experience ture has provided corn with so
said a prominent dealer. Honeys are has doubtles been a good teacher in many
nessee Rose, 1.90; Virginia Rose, 1.50 to
coming in very fine. Black grapes 1.75; Mississippi Rose, 1.50; squash, bbl., hundreds of instances, and the industry shucks to keep off its enemies, and it

grown near Jacksonville are on the mar- 1; sweet corn, Mississippi, 2 doz., 50 to has certainly profited by it. puts me to the conclusion to do away

ket only a little behind South Florida; 60 cents; tomatoes, Mississippi, 4 baskets, We repeat the phosphate outlook in with slip-shucking, and all my corn
retail 12Uc per pound. Some from choice, 1; Illinois % bushel 60 to 75 cents; Florida is most encouraging.-Times- shall be gathered this year with every

Waldo were picked too green. Melonsin Onions, Bermuda, bushel, 1; Louisiana, Union. shuck that on it. As it does
plenty; seven carloads were at the bushel, silver skins, 75 cents. This important industry has quite an grows
depot at once; 25 cents will pay for one influence on the commercial future of not cost anything, it would be well for

of ample size; muskmelons 5 to 15 cents. the port of Fernandina. What has been others to try the experimeriment.Texas -

Sweet peppers 50 to 65 cents a peck, 3 CINCINNATI, June 27. said about the "wind" in the mining of Farm and Ranch.

for 10 cents. Tomatoes plenty and good Peaches, choice, scarce, 3 to 3.50 bushel phosphate may also be applied to the .
from near-by gardeners; 40 to 50 cents ; tomatoes, large arrivals, Mississippi shipping of it to foreign markets.It .
The
per peck. Red onions, 1 per 100; 3 for 10 half-bushel 1 to 1.25: ; Chattanooga, 1.50 is now fully demonstrated that Fer- Effect of Salt.

cents, large and coarse, slow sale; white, to 1.75; potatoes, choice Rose, 2 to 2.25; nandina leads all other ports in exportingthis There used to be an idea prevalentthat
1.25 per bushel. Okra, 50 cents per peck; melons 125 to 160 per car. product. The first shipment of salt would injure fowls, and that,
fair supply. Corn 20 cents per dozen. phosphate to Europe was made from this in too large quantities it would kill
Cabbage, 10 cents per head; lettuce, 3 port in November, 1890. The British ,
for 10 cents. Squash, white, 2 for 5 ST. Louis, June 27. steamship Hallamshire took a cargo of them. That salt is a necessity to promote .

cents; Boston, 3 to 4 cents per pound; Peaches, .75 to 1 per one-third bushel; 1,472 tons for the Dunellon company.The digestion and assimilation of

beans, full supply, 50 cents per peck; 10 melons, choice, 150 to 175 per car; cantaloupes following month, December, the food, we showed in the article "Salt,"

cents per quart. Sweet potatoes, 40 1.50 to 2 per crate; pines, good British steamship Arizaig took part of a on page 39, December, 1889 ; but
cents per peck, scarce. Cukes, 3 for 5 demand, 2.50 to 3 per dozen; oranges, cargo, 780 tons, finishing up with cottonat neither our experience nor the booksat
cents. New potatoes are in from Ten- California Havana seedlings, 4.50 to 5; Brunswick. At this period of our ,
nessee; 40 to 50 cents a peck; few arriving potatoes, choice, 1.75 to 1.85 per barrel; history various experiments in shipping hand, cover the point of overeating.We .
from Florida. onions, Southern, .90 to 1.10 per sack; I from other points were tried during '91 cannot see why they should over

tomatoes; Mississippi, 1.25 to 1.50 for Savannah, Brunswick, Jacksonville, eat of it, unless it was rock salt and

NEW YORK, June 27. 6-basket carrier; Arkansas, Illinois and Punta Gorda Port Tampa and St. Peters- they ate it for gravel ; but why should
Tennessee, .60 to .75 per one-third bushel.P. burg.
Florida oranges vary widely, accord- M. KIELY & Co. Savannah as a phosphate port subsided your marketman pour a quantity of
ing to quality, being quoted from 5.00 to after shipping 10,720 tons. Brunswick rock salt out in the brine ? It is much

9.00 per box. Californias, 3.50 to 4.00. dropped out after shipping 2,666 tons. more likely to be some offal they got
Peaches, Early Rivers ranging from 1.00 KANSAS CITY, June 27. Jacksonville made two or three small from the manure pile or somethingthey
to 3.00 per case, and Alexanders from 50 Peaches, good, .75 to 1.25 per one-third shipments, while the Gulf ports, Punta have
cents to 2.00 per case. A few Florida bushel; Florida pines, fancy, 2.50 to 2.75 Gorda, Port Tampa and St. Petersburg, eaten.
Bidwell bring 1.50 to 3.00 per case. Pines per dozen, melons, 14 to 16 per 100; shipped 86,333 tons and about 2,600 tons Will any reader having experiencewith
arein good demand, with receipts mod- muskmelons, 2,50 to 2.75 per dozen. I from all other sources. this matter give us his views ?



510 THE FLORIDA DISPATCH, FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. [JU E 30,1892
-----


Our When people lose their temper theyare Good judges who have lately vis- if invented, will have to have brainsor

young polios.\ apt to say things that are contradic- ited the Harris and Bishop groves at something else put into it to think,
Two New York in-
'" to tory.a quarrel at their club.gentlemen Finally got one Citra report that instead of the usual see and distinguish; besides, it must

A LONG REGRET.A of them, who believes in the code, said 40,000 and 5o,000-box yield, this not be color blind. Barely one cotton

excitedly: "You are a low blackguard, year's crop will not be over an eighth, field was all that we saw during our

Touching True Incident and an unmitigated scoundrel. Now, and equally unfavorable accounts trip to Gadsden, but when we crossed
Very ,
sir, if are a gentleman and a man of
you
come in from other former heavy the Oclockonee and headed for our
from an Actual Experience. honor, you know what you have to do.
orange producing sections.OcalaBanner. Leon county home, fields of it couldbe
Here is my card. The Christian at
She was such a tired little girl !1' said
Work. seen as thick as three in the bed
the pretty old lady thoughtfully, foldingher
hands in her lap as she sat in the sun- We were told by Capt. Dimick, a and two in the middle. At very many

shine. "I was nine years old, but I can few days ago, that over one hundredacres farms we found that the drought had

still see her big blue, tearful eyes. She tateeWs. would be set out in pine applesin really been a blessing to the tobacco

was meagrely dressed,with a thin, eager ......- ......- the Lake Worth region alone, duringthe growers thereon (after searching but
face, but clean and sweet as a rose; she
carried in a tissue paper a little apron of The Lenoir and Herbemont grapesare present summer. The shipmentslast not finding but a meagre amount of

darned net which she had been trying to fruiting in great abundance at the year aggregated about ten thou- house room). It reduced the quantity -

sell all that July day. Her mother made it, Seiser Place, near Ormond. The sand crates; this year it is estimated of plants in their beds, thereby improving -
she said. Her mother wanted so muchto will exceed in there the of the
Lenoir is also called the St. Augus. they 20,000, 1893 quality growing
little Her father
ill.earn She a asked a money dollar and a quarter for was it tine.-Coast Gazette. will be a crop of 50,000, and in 1894a plants, because they have not an over

and I had just that sum in my money box. Several sales of tomato land have conservative estimate places the stock of them, and are giving them

My mother was busy and did not care for taken place in Polk county, two and a crop at 100,000 barrel crates. Indian more work and attention. In some

net aprons, but she spoke kindly, and half miles from Winter Haven River Advocate. instances we saw more land laid off for
she ; $30to
she
told the child where thought
is the On Saturday last a large barge con- tobacco than the owner could possibly
might sell it. It was a house almost a $50 an acre price receivedfor ,
mile away. The little girl went, looking uncleared land at that distance taining 286 hives of bees, landed at attend to unless he neglected his other

back wistfully. At the end of the long, from the station. the city wharf. These bees have beenin crops in sight. The recent copious

hot afternoon she came again. She had winter quarters on the St. Lucie showers have made the last setting and
Mr. Tom Richards of Candler has
not sold the apron; nobody wanted aprons their "
replants "pick ears.
-and she looked at me. I thought of grown pineapples of the Yellow Span- river. The owners, represented by up .
the dollar and a quarter in my box and ish variety weighing from eight to four- Mr. O. O. Poppleton, are now taking $10O-Reward.t- --$1OO.
of the book I had planned to buy withit. and them to Hawk's Park and the Hills-
teen pounds and so mellow
string-
I wondered if my father would call borough river to the The readers of THE FARMER AND
it 'sensible' to buy a thing I did not needto less that they could be eaten with a get mangrove FRUIT-GROWER will be pleased to
bloom. They have shipped fifty bar-
please a child. I reverenced myfather's spoon after being cut in halves.A .
weary learn that there is at least one dreaded
without under- rels of honey, taken on the St. Lucie
opinions always correspondent of the Titusville disease that science has been able to
standing the principles on which he river this year, and expect to ship at
acted. Then I thought of the book 'Star, at Gomez, Dade county, has six least moo barrels from the mangrove cure in all its stages, and that is ca-

again-and shook my head. The tears 'varieties of grapes in bearing. Of bloom. At Titusville they took on tarrh. Hall's Catarrh Cure is the

came into her eyes and she turned silently these the Brighton ripened June 22 barrels made only positive cure now known to the
seventy-five new by our
and went oh, so slowly, up the this year. The Delaware and Pock- medical fraternity. Catarrh being a
street! This time she did not look back. pioneer cooper, Tom Johnson. They
"At dinner my mother, who had call- lington come next, the Concord and also shipped via the steamer Sweeney constitutional disease, requires a con-

ers when the child came the second time, Agawam next, and the Niagara last of fourteen barrels of honey from here, stitutional treatment. Hall's Catarrh

but who was not without compunctions, all. by J. S. Watson & Co., to Cincinnati, Cure is taken internally, acting di-
related the incident. My father pushed The fruit and vegetable growers of Ohio.-Indian River Advocate. rectly upon the blood and mucous
back his chair from the table as if the
Terra Ceia have organized The Terra surfaces of the system, thereby destroying -
food choked him. Some twenty-four Capt.B. .
years ago
'In Heaven's name, why did none of Ceia Artesian Well Company, with a M. Sims, oi Ocoee, hewed out a the foundation of the disease,
vou buy it?' he demanded. 'Ha'f'en'tyou membership of fifteen and an ample small in the dense hammockon and giving the patient strength by
blood in your veins? A child with a sick supply of funds; and now this rich clearing building up the constitution and assisting
the south shore of Lake
father-and all in this Apopkaand
walking day
in its work. The
region will probably be soon amply nature doing
heat !l' set out an He
"I stole supplied with water for irrigating purposes. orange grove. proprietors have so much faith in its
away, leaving my plate un- made frequent additions to the groveuntil
load heart that Manatee Advocate.A curative that they offer One
touched, with a on my he thirty acres set. It is a power,
lay there many days. I had been weighed the from I got Hundred Dollars for any case that it
spin across Juno
country fact not known that he
was
generally
in the balance and found wanting.
fails to cure. Send for list of testi
"Such a tired little girl," repeated the to Jupiter reveals to the spinner a the first man in Florida who set out

old lady, wearily, lying back in her good deal more than the rank growthof an orange grove as a business. Long monials. Address,
chair, and turning her face from the elder and sumach berries. It before this time trees were set for F. J. CHENEY & CO., Toledo, O.

sunshine. "It was the first time I con- shows the neat cottages of a numberof shade and fruit for home consumption ne-Sold by Druggists, 7 sc.t .
,
and .
sciously refused a soul in need, it
homesteaders and the start they but he was the first to begin the cul-- .
has haunted me all my life. I it
pray
The dredge of the Drainage Co. is
have made toward for
may not haunt me through eternity clearing pines. ture of oranges as a legitimate busi-
C. A. PRATT in Kate Field's Washington.A Nearly all the intervening eight milesis ness. Nearly a year ago the aforesaid now eight miles in the Evergladessouth

I taken up. Work is progressing all grove was sold to the Brooker-Ban- of Okeechobee, and the wateris

HARD 'V ORLD.-Flossie is six years along.Juno Sun. yard Company. A reprensentative of running freely. This is a move in
old. "Mamma," she said one day, "if I the right direction. To drain Lake
Mr. M. L. Smith brought to the the Reporter drove through the
married will I have husband like Okeechobee through the Caloosahat-
get a
postoffice a few days since, a speci- a few days since and found the
grove
the mother with
pa? "Yes, replied an chee river was similar to a small snake
amused smile. "And if I don't get mar- men hill of the Sewee (?) bean, that trees loaded with fruit. Experts have
ried will I have to be an old maid like was immense in its proportions and estimated the crop at not less than ten swallowing a large one.

Aunt Kate "Yes." ul\Iat1ma"-after the crop it was bearing. The beans thousand boxes. The grove was irrigated -
a pause-"it's a tough world for us women QOQ g gcQQQwQWCQQgQggOQOc
upon this hill would provide one or during the recent dry weather.
ain't it? c)
----. .,- more meals for an ordinary family. -Orlando Reporter.The g Fraud nu ON ns Fruit I\Trapl"\ ers.

"We will take a special collection next The Sewee needs shortening-in well agricultural editor of the Florid- org

Sabbath," said the teacher, "for the pur- of the vines in order that it may produce ian made a visit to the tobacco farmsof 8 >

pose of making a fund to defray the expense well. It is of the Lima order, Gadsden, and we make some extracts NO MORE CHEATING.C

of sending poor boys to school."" but if kept shortened in does not require from his extended notes: Some o C) Consuniere of Fruit Wrappers mayo 8
'They don't get none of my money, -Leesburg Commercial. now know that they get an honest O
supports. farmers with whom we conversed
the home.
averred Tommy Fig, on way ream of 480 sheets and not 400 or 330 g
"Them poor folks' kids has a tough time claim that cutting will commence in g sheets to ream as some unscrupulous g

enough any way 'thout jammin' 'em into For a number of days Mr. Gurney some places inside of twenty days. q dealers supply. c

school, besides.-Indianapolis Jour- was annoyed to find, on gathering the The Owl cigar factory is the busiest c

nal. eggs, all or nearly all of them place we have ever visited in Middleor 8 OUR "FAIR AND SQUARE a

There called on Secretary Foster the punctured by something he could not West Florida; it beats Clark's thread 3 Wrappers are put up in packages of g

other day an old friend, the President of tell what. Finally, after close watch- works at Lake City. We saw cigars 3( 1000( ) each and each Wrapper is numbered o
a highly successful national bank. Aftera manufactured in In printing consecutively from C
ing, he found the cause. The wily being by machinery;
1 to 1000.( ) No $
few minutes chat,the caller announced 5 one can
work is done with :
sapsuckers had discovered that there fact, much of the
that he had retired from business. "Ah,
and what will you do now?" inquired the was a dainty dinner at hand and left the aid of steam. But they have one 3 HONESTLY BEAT I

Secretary, with friendly interest. "The hunting and took to eggsucking.It department that steam or machinery is 9 our prices. Send for samples and w
first thing I shall do," said the national is needless to say there was murderin not likely to cut any figure in. We 8 prices to OC

bank ex President, "will be to take a Mr. Gurney's heart when he shoul- refer to the assorter of cigars. No OI

three whisky weeks to course the gold of out the of bichloride my system of, dered that gun, nor did it cease until machine will ever take his place, with- The Jersey City Printing Co., I

and then fet settle down to enjoy the last thief was numbered with the out one is invented that can distinguish a JERSEY CITY, N. J. g

life.*'-Washington Post. dead.-Cocoa Public Spirit. I brown from dark. The machine ,coooeoccoeooeoooceeoo:) + 0c<



I





30, 1892J THE FLORIDA DISPATCH, FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. 511



Our] !Rural] fiome. a luxuriant mantle of woodvine, that. minutes, and actually it will rest you Home Journal. She whose genius
it drew exclamations of delight from more than an hour's sleep, if you have had made every room in the house a

Many Farmers' Wives almost ever passer-by.-Country Gen- not bathed, and you will suffer less storage warehouse for night air comes
Unjustly tleman. discomfort during the night and the in and wonders "where all these flies

Our Rural Burdened.For We believe that the lack of abun next day. Hang up the clothing you came from?" He, with extravagant
Home.
In THE DISPATCH dant outdoor air, causing nervous depression have worn during the day, to dry and gesticulation, doesn't know-at least
notice of June 16th I and debility, is the one great air. It is certainly not to our credit he says he doesn't, and doesn't care,
article about
an "pennywiseand cause of Northern women disliking that so few of our farm houses have which is true; what he wants to

pound foolish" women being more i Florida more than men do.-ED.. bath rooms. A bath room is not a know is when they are going back
numerous than of the .
men same >- -
genus. *
luxury for city people, but is reallyone again.
No wonder how Midnight Oil or Midnight Sleep.
; can we help ourselves .
of the necessaries of life, al-
when our husbands are not willing for Physiological resources, although
though a person may exist without it. If feel weak
you
us to hire help, because they don't they are very elastic within limits, yet
Rubber bath tubs, that are good
think we need it? Our houses are not have limits which are sharply defined. and all worn out take "
things, are to be had. Failing even
of the labor- There is of the limit BROWN'S BITTERS
carpeted or painted or any no overstepping this, use a wash tub, and plenty of IRON
saving devices about the house. All which> is more dangerous than that of ,
water, for it costs nothing on the
must go to the farm, and we must do doing work which curtails sleep. farm. Recipes.For .

as their mothers Jid (they forget their Sound and sufficient sleep is the most t .-t Our Rural Home.

mothers had servants many of them), indispensable of all the conditions ofa "The Tender Sex." How TO ROAST MEATS. First have
-
do all the work and not complain. sound and efficient brain. The miseries Man appreciates his inferiority hot and
never your baking pan smoking a
They must have all the latest im. I alone of the sleepless man are to woman so thoroughly as whenhe quick fire. Place the cut side of the meat
provements on the farm and do all the creditors which the most stoical may stands before the altar in the pres- down into the pan and sear it over a

hiring of help.Ve must cook for the dread; his incapacities are such that ence of an audience of friends and slight brown, then reverse and brown
the other side. Now it into the
over put
hands, wash, iron, sew, milk the cows, great work and great success are generally hears the clergyman make him hus- oren, keeping a firm steady heatnottoo
churn, nurse the babies, keep the housein as hopeless for him as the possi-- band. Nine out of ten men in sucha intense but firm and steady. Allow

nice order, scour, then help them bility of riding through the air withouta position tremble as if they were twenty minutes to the pound in bakingand

chop cotton, plant potatoes, and pick balloon orwings. Ten years of such about to be arrested for murder, while more than that if you wish the meat
cotton when made, besides the sleeplessness as some men have en well done; a five pound roast will require
many, nine out of ten women go through the about one hour and a half. If the ovenis
many other steps to be taken. Someof dured would cure the most. ardent ceremony as gracefully as if it was an very hot it will require basting. When
us have to get the wood to cook medical enthusiast in the world of his every day occurrence. And it is this the oven is just right the meat will keepa

with. The men go to town, treat passion for the midnight oil. The timorous creature in a dress suit that gentle sputtering in the pan. If you
their friends and have a social time; greatest and highest success In life is to the calm and open the door and do not hear this noise
promises protect
increase the heat if there is smoke lessen
but if we want a little money to hire achieved, like the winning of a long placid angel whose orange blossomsare the heat a little and when the meat is

help with, they tell us times are so race; by him who has the greatest her aureole. What delicious sarcasm done there will be a brown jelly in the

hard we must save and not be so extravagant staying power. there is in the thought. And in pan which will be nice- for gravy if thick-

; that we should take care of What is the best of all the possible after life, when the husband gets torn ened.;

the pennies and the pounds will take kinds of brain for a man who has to up by care, and when a little trouble A PUDDING S.\ucE.-Take three table-
of that follow his life intellectual spoonfuls of sugar, one table-spoonful of
care themselves; we only need throughout an to steal his of mind
comes away peace butter and beat them to a cream; heat
our food and clothes. They don't calling like that of the higher walksof how is it then? The woman whom he up one cupful of milk near boiling and
think we need books and papers or medicine? It is a brain that is at promises to protect becomes his pro- thicken it with some corn starch, and

any of the mental pleasures. It is once clear and strong. Undue and tector. She smoothes out the wrinkled pour this over your beaten sugar and
the time while mental exertion in the student butter; flavor it with vanilla or lemon.
drudge, drudge our prolonged brow of care. She props up his flag
minds are starving for food. No won- period may give a great clearnessof ging spirits. She puts new life into CHICKEN PIE WITH RICE.-To one pintof
boiled rice add a pint of cream, two
der so many farmers' wives are in the intellect, possibly even an abnormal his bosom, new hope into his soul, eggs, salt and nutmeg. :Mix these ingredients -
asylum. The higher feelings of our clearness;but it can never give strength. and he goes forth in the morning with up well and spread half in the

natures have to be smothered, and we Clearness without strength can no more new strength and new zeal to wrestle bottom of your baking pan; lay pieces of
must be the slaves of the place. When win in the long and arduous race of with life and its responsibilities. Woman chicken over this,cover with the remain-

the pounds are saved the men spend life than speed without staying powercan may be the weaker vessel, but der of rice and bake in moderately hot

them; so do not condemn us if we are win in a foot race of ten miles. she isn't broken up and doesn't go to oven.To CLEAN SILVER.-Take boiling water

old, ugly, toothless, etc., before our Unintelligent and impulsive medical pieces as soon as man.-Woman's for the silver, as this will make them
time, for we are so tired all the time. professors-and there are many such- Reign. look better than any other way. When
This is not an overdrawn statement; may urge men to competition for the they; have become soiled with egg, etc.,
I could point to many.FARMER'S. highest college honors, even at the Medicine for the Hair. rub with chalk and a chamois skin;
WIFE. risk of a total breakdown in brain and To brush and brush and still to whiting and ammonia are among the
best things for silver, and
cleaning
is the best medicine for the hair many
body. Such professors are among the brush be: sure always to have hot water to washit
Out-Door Air for Women.A worst enemies young men could have, remembering always that it is the hair, in.

kitchen is hardly a kitchen with- and they are among the worst enemiesthe and not the scalp, which is to receive LEMON WATER ICE.-Put lumps sugar -
out a back porch-the pleasantest medical school and the medical this treatment, writes Mrs. Mallon in upon the rinds of four lemons until

place in the world to shell peas, string profession can have. What the med the July Ladies' Home Journal.! quart pound of of sugar water is; squeeze used; pour in the over juice.it a

beans, husk the corn or prepare the ical profession demands is men of clear Upon the brush used depends a great Freeze, or make a lemonade, sweeter
fruit for preserving. The most de and strong intellect, full of practical deal. In the first place it must be than when intended not to freeze, and

lightful farm house that I was ever in resources, not mere dilettanti specu immaculately clean, and one's brushes more highly flavored. Freeze and serve

had a covered alley between the lators in incomprehensible medical should be washed as religiously as is in glasses.
water ice is made the same
kitchen and the woodshed, screened hypotheses. The day is the timeflfor one's face. The comb should be "as Orange the lemon water ice, using less sugar way,

with hop vines and clematis and work; the night for sleep; sleep sound, coarse, so that it will disentangle the and if the oranges are very sweet use
paved with blue flag.stones. The quiet and peaceful as death.. -The hair if it is snarled, but if the hair is one lemon to four oranges. After theseare
sight of the presiding genius of the Hospital. well brushed the comb really is of nearly frozen stiff, stir into a quart
here summer's little A fine comb is never the whites of two eggs beaten to a stiff
place, sitting on a day, < very use. froth. Mix thoroughly. Serve in glasses.
with the basket of cherries she was Frequent Bathing. advised. The brush should have Any kind of fruit ices may be preparedby

skillfully stoning, formed a picture not Every reader knows that it is best long, soft bristles that go through the adding to the water any syrup or
to be soon forgotten-the fitting coun- for him to perspire freely. Many of hair, taking with them every particleof i jam of the fruit desired. Grate apples,
terpart of "Huldy" her applepeeling. my readers know, and all of them dust and leaving behind them a sweeten and freeze them; mash soft
freeze them and other kind
peaches, any
Jf you have not already some should know, that as soon as their glow that is beautiful. of fruit desired.

.such cool, breezy place, by all means perspiration becomes scant while theyare .Come -* .----
provide one. Some one says that a working in warm weather, they Where Flies From.
porch is to a door what an eyebrow is should stop work. Now, a very good If by stealth a man should let in a Mr. J. S. Watson returned Tuesdayfrom

to an eye; and a simple porch can be way to keep up a liberal perspirationis little light and air-that is a man's an extended business trip to ChI-

constructed by an amateur carpenterat to keep the skin clean and its pores idea of cooling a room, to open it cago, St. Louis, Cincinnati, Chattanooga -

a trifling expenditure of money and free from obstructions. This can best wider than the Chicago Exposition, and Jacksonville. The pine-

labor, while a few vines will convert it be done by bathing frequently, and and let in all the dust, and heat, and apples which he took to Chicago were

into a thing of beauty. In passing, I during the hot weather it pays to noise, and flies, and glare the street the first Florida pines to reach there

would say that I have seen a poor cot- bathe every evening. Of course you can pour into it-he is discovered and sold at good prices, bringing from
tired when work i is done time writes Robert J. Burdettein two to three cents more. than the
tage, a mere shanty in fact, so trans- are very your every ,
formed by three or four posts and a and the temptation is great to go to his popular department, "From aNew Cuban fruit, with which the marketwas "

bit of rude lattice work, covered with be Q at{ once; but you can bathe in ten' ) Jnkstand" in the July Ladies' well stocked, Titusville Star.JUNE .
I -

.



i





512 THE FLORIDA DISPATCH, FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. [JUNE 80, 1892


FRUIT CULTURE. This has ravaged the Mediterranean, come; but, on the other hand, thereare large sweet seedlings (of which he
the Azores and Florida, and made a many reports from growers who had more than 100 diseased ones), by
' Painting the Peach Tree White. bad beginning in California. The New planted sweet stock trees only to see inarching, that is, by planting the
When the young peach orchard was York Fruit Trade Journal states of its them die after they reached a good small sour alongside the large tree and
set on the Virginia experiment station course in Sicily: "Throughout the bearing age. The questionof then budding the sour top into the
grounds, three years ago this spring, province of Messina the orange was sweet or sour stock is not so much sweet trunk, so putting a sour root
I was aware that the peach borer was exterminated in i865-7o by the 'gum,' one of relative vigor as of the grower's I. under the sweet top. I once did the
extremely troublesome, and that few and the lemon budded on the wild (i. willingness to run the risk of mal di :1.::1.goma. same thing in the case of a badly go
peach trees lived to bear much fruit e. sour) has taken its place." ." Farther on the same authority phered tree.I .
unless carefully "wormed" twice a FOREIGN AUTHORITIES. states: "Upon high pine land in Flor- have in this paper made a begin
year. I concluded to try something From the United States Consular ida about 40 per cent. of the growersare ning, but the matter here offered is
more permanent than the soap, lime,, Reports I take the following, bearing found to favor sour orange stock but a minor part of what could be
soda and other washes so commonly upon both the questions of cold and against 30 per cent. who favor sweet, presented. I will leave this point
recommended, as it was desirable to disease: and 30 per cent. who are divided be- after giving the statement of our San
meet several enemies with one treat From Consular Agent Loewenstein, tween rough lemon, pomelo, bitter Bernardino County Board of Hor-
ment; hence I chose white lead paint.It Grao, Spain: "Those raised from the sweet, lime or who have no choice. ticultural Commissioners, in brief
was mixed with linseed oil to the seed of the bitter orange, either francoor On the flat wood near 70 per cent. quotation from their report for 1891,
consistency required (for a heavy out that called Gallesio, are more vig-- favor sour against 17 per cent. who to-wit :
side coat in house painting, and applied : orous, more. luxuriant, and of longer favor sweet, while on the hammocks "Gum disease or foot rot is developing
to the young trees just after they duration, besides which they better fully 90 per cent. of the replies have rapidly among the trees of our
had been planted. The soil was removed resist the cold, for which reason theyare been favorable to sour stock against 3 older orange orchards and assuming
so as to make the application preferred and chosen for the trunksof per cent for sweet stock, including serious proportions. So far
reach an inch or two below the sur- trees of tall growth." seedlings. Of the famous Indian we have found it only on sweet stockof
face, and the trunk was painted twelveto From Consul Fletcher, Genoa, Italy River groves fully 99 per cent are California and Tahiti. It is claimed -
eighteen inches above ground. At : "Before the malady gomma (gum) founded on sour stock" and we have not seen it contra-
the end of the first summer careful examination manifested itself it was preferred to Testimony of M. E. Gillett, of dicted, that Florida sour stock resistsits
revealed a few larvae; but multiply the trees by burying the ends South Lake Weir, Florida, in same attack."
no injury had been done, as they appeared of the shoots in the ground at proper Bulletin, states as follows : AS TO FROST.
to come from eggs depositedlate distance; these shoots soon took root, I have also charge of large grove in. In the matter of resistance to drouth
in the season, and had not fully but now the seed of Melangolo is terests here. One grove on heavy there is dispute. Page 10 of Bulletin
entered the sap wood, though they planted, into which when grown to a hammock land Js about gone with gum 4 gives the views of one side, and
were working inward through cracksin certain size the qualitIes desired are disease. Out of 1,200 to 1,500 trees page 11 of the other. The same says:
the paint caused by the growth of grafted. The Melangolo tree up to we have lost at* least one-half, but "Its claim for superior resistance to
the tree. A fresh coat of paint was the present time is in a very healthystate have replanted all with others on sour frost is much more widespread, and
applied in the autumn, and served to and forms a good trunk into roots, many of which are five years despite some contradictory evidence,
entirely prevent injury from mice and which to graft all varieties required. old and bearing, and show no sign of which may perhaps be due to local
rabbits during the winter, and fully From Consul Woodcock, of Catania, any foot rot. Another grove near causes, we must accept it until more
protected the tree until the next au. Italy: "The bitter orange is very hardy here has lost every sweet stock (almost active comparative experiments are
tumn, when a few borers were found and is adapted to this climate; it is 600)). All were replanted with made." Many of the citations I have
again, but no injury has been done. grown for the purpose of propagatingthe sour stock six years'ago, and are do- made are, as you have seen, strongon
Thus the application made in the other varieties by budding or graft- ing well. In the Speer groveat this point. I will add that in the
fall lasts a year, and protects from ing them upon its stock. Some Sanford the old seedlings are dying severe frosts of last winter in nurse-
vermin and borers, and the outlay for say that varieties of the orange and apparently from old age, while ries standing side by side, and also in
labor and material is about one cent lemon budded upon the bitter stock sour stock planted at the time are one case, side by side in the same
per tree per annum. During'the three will remain fruitful from one to two beautiful old trees. nursery, small sour plants stood the
centuries others from NOTE- Mr. Frost, of Riverside, frost better than like
years we have taken, I think, just ; say forty to one sweet ones.
thirty larvae from over 100 peach trees hundred years. When not thus budded confirms this statement about the celebrated A point'of much interest is the fact
growing in the test orchards. while on upon the bitter orange stock but raised Speer grove, except as to that when man goes into the wild
each unprotected tree very commonlyfrom i from the seed, the trees are short lived. matter of cause of dying.In hammocks (ha-maks is said to be the
two to five laTare found at They become diseased; a gummy sub- a paper read before the ((1889)) Indian name of it) to get sour seed j
work every time they are "wormed," stance exudes from them; a disease session of the American Pomological for nursery purposes he gets the best
which must always be done twice a cankerous in its nature attacks the Society, E. H. Hart, of Florida, one fruit, for it yields most seed; but when
wood and die. The bitter of the best-known in the stock friends wish
year in this latitude if one hopes to they soon growers our sweet to plant
save the trees. orange stock will, without doubt, con- country, said: "After the progressive they use seed from the culls from the
The paint is perfectly safe; on peach, tinue to bear fruit for two centuries." orange grower has become satiated orchards and packing houses. In the
apple, pear and plum. I am not so From Consul General Heap, Con with the pastime of extracting sweet one case there is a constant selection
well pleased with its action on cherry, stantinople, Turkey: "Lemons are stumps, in a state of decay, from the of the best and in the other an equally i
but cannot say that it is harmful. Our generally propagated first from the ravages of foot rot or the aggressionsof constant use of the poorest. This
entire orchards, containing several seeds of the wild orange, as it has white ants, he is glad to fill the vacancies must affect the constitution of the
hundred varieties of fruits, are now been found that the wild fruit tree with the stumps of sour or- trees; at least in the case of the sweet
bears the cold better." ange." stock.
treated to an annual painting and one
will need to travel a long way to finda AMERICAN AUTHORITIES. So resistant to this malady is the THE QUALITY OF THE FRUIT
finrr example of orchard culture.* Bulletin No. 4 (Division of Pomol-- soar stock that most of the Florida remains for consideration.
This method of treating borers is being ogy, Department of Agriculture), be- writers say it is never attacked. Others Bulletin No 4, as quoted previously -
adopted on a large scale by some fore referred to, states (page 10)) as fol allow that it is of rare occurrence. states that 99 per cent. of the In-
of our fruit growers.-W. B. Alwoodin lows: "The disease variously known as One writer last winter stated in THE dian river groves are on sour root.
Rural New Yorker. mal di goma, foot rot, sore shin and gum FLORIDA DISPATCH that he went a Their fruit is universally esteemedthe
t disease, invariably appears in every long distance from home to examinea best raised in Florida.P. .
Sweet Stock vs. Sour. orange growing district where sweet reputed genuine case, only to find Ruhlman & Co., of New York,
At the spring meeting of the Po'- stock is used. Trees on high, dry land that it was a tree budded on sour root are among the largest fruit dealers in
mological Society of Southern Califor- are less liable to its attacks than thoseon and set so deeply as to cover a portionof that city. In conversation with the
nia Mr. J. E. Cutter presented a con- stronger or damper lands, but no the sweet stem. This part was senior member of the firm lie (last
densed citation of authorities on this district depending on sweet stock can I affected, but on digging down he September) casually remarked the su'
subject and we make liberal extracts hope to be free from the disease for found that the disease stopped at the I perior excellence of the fruit borne on
from his essay as published in the any considerable length of time. In union of bud and stock and that the sour root, not knowing of my interestin
Rural Californian sour root was entirely sound.IN the I asked himto
: the orange growing districts of Europeit matter. at once
AS TO FOOT ROT. has compelled the almost total abandonment CALIFORNIA.A put the remark in writing (in my
The most deadly disease the citrus of the sweet stock, and in Los Angeles county orchardist, a note book) which he did as followshis
tree is subject to is mal di goma, California, under the name 'gum disease gentleman of State reputation, and ( English is a little broken but I
known under the English aliases of ;' it is beginning to cause alarm.In who at one time was a member of the give it verbatim): "The best orangeswe
gum disease, foot rot, sore shin, etc. a number of localities in Florida Stato*Forestry Commission, last spring obtained from Florida are from
Of these foot rot is most expressive of this disease has not yet appeared to purchased from my firm a quantity of "trees budded upon wild sour. I mentioned
its point of fatal attack, but we of any extent, and from these the greater small sour orange trees, stating that this subject to Mr. Cutter voluntarily -
California usually term it gum disease. number of replies favoring sweet stock he designed to use them to sa ve some without any suggestion from





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JUNE 30, 1892] THE FLORIDA DISPATCH, FARMER AND FRUIT -GROWER. 511


him. Dated Sept. 17, 1891. P. I breeding should be killed or sold to Tobacco Items.
Ruhlman & Co., New York City." Poultry, the huxter as soon as big enough to Like everything else connected with

I' immediately inquired of Mr. Edited by E.W. AMSDEN, Ormond Fla. eat. Not over one rooster should' be the cultivation of tobacco, this is an
Ruhlman whether they would keep as kept on any farm, and that one coopedand important matter. In fact, onehalfof
well as those raised on sweet roots, Advantages of Florida. mated with not more than ten the work on the land ought to have
knowing that that point had been The advantages to poultry raisersin hens, and the eggs from those hens been done before a plant was set, but
raised. He replied that they keep Florida are: should be kept or sold expressly for that has not been done to an alarmingextent.
better, and illustrated by stating that i. The climate is greatly in our favorin hatching. The other hens should be .
having on one occasion received a many ways. It requires less to keep kept especially for eggs for market or The young plant does not require
consignment at a time of glutted stock in a warmer climate than it doesin table use, and no rooster should ever much of a hill, but a good lot of soil
markets they were stored for six weeks one where the thermometer is down be allowed among them. On the between the rows, so that moisture
and then sold for high prices. It below the freezing point six months ina ordinary farms about one-tenth of the will be retained.Be .
would seem that six weeks of storagein year. A certain amount of food is fowls are roosters, which is about nine sure and get all the weeds away
New York City ought to be a very used to keep up the bodily heat, and times as many as there can be any from the main stalk, if needs be go
full test of keeping qualities, especially this has to be supplied over and above possible use for.Unfertilized over the field and pull them out by
; for Florida fruit. the amount necessary for egg produc- eggs are much sweeter hand.
Thg matter of the trial of quality ina tion. Without extra good houses, and better for table use and will keep Use the hoe to take out all the
competitive test at the citrus fair built with double walls and paper from two to four times as long as fertilized weeds between the plants.
held at San Bernardino in February, lined, hens will not lay in the coldest ones. Hens not kept with After the plants are well rooted
1889, in which the referee, Col. W. weather North, and this is the season roosters will lay longer and sit less then the Dixie should be laid aside
R. Tolles, of San Bernardino, decided when eggs bring the best price. Extra than others. It is safe to say that in and a cultivator introduced. At each
that "the orange grown on the sour buildings are not necessary here and the United States alone there are 20- working keep little further away from
stock is every way sweeter, finer- this expense we save, and our fowls 000,000 roosters and that 19,000,000of the plant and plow shallower. Do
grained, and every way the best lay just at this season when eggs bring them are. a positive and expensive not disturb the soil close to the plant
orange," is still fresh in the minds of the highest price, and we then have a nuisance, except for the table at the after it is from one-half to three-
many. home demand for them. right time. If these roosters were fourths grown. Keep up cultivationas
The fruit raised on sour root is These are enough to decide in our killed and their places supplied with long as you and a horse can get
ordinarily dense, heavy, juicy, firm favor, but the most important advantage hens, and each hen laid 200 eggs per through the rows without breakingthe
and solid of texture and of rich, we have is that of hatching. year, the aggregate would be 3,800- leaves. All nourishment must go
sprightly and sweet flavor. I do not First-Our time is extended from 000,000 worth one cent each, $38- to the leaves, hence we urge: keep
say that sweet stock fruit is not ordinarily -I October to June. With an incubatorof 000,000, every cent of which wouldbe all the weeds down. Too many
the same, but the products of 200 egg capacity and a 40 foot clear net profit to the farmer.- weeds shows slovenness and careless
healthy trees, like those of healthy brooder house, we have capacity Farm, Stock and Home. cultivation. No crust should be allowed -
animals, are better than those of dis enough to get out 1,500 chickens, 1--! to form around a plant, there-
eased; and, as the sour is the more when, if our time was limited to sixtyor Flavors. fore give the crop special attention
regularly healthy stock, it will give ninety days, three or four times the Speaking of ill flavor of eggs, the during the young season. .
the higher average of quality. Try capacity would be necessary, which Journal of Horticulture, London, re- Make a plant grow so fast that a
them I would require an amount of capitalin marks that it is the result of one or worm will have no chance to get a
In the great mass of history and proportion, and all would be idle two causes-either the food on which foothold.Be I
observation recorded in the literature from eight to nine months in a year. the fowls are fed or the substance on sure and replant. Leave no
of this subject the weight of testimony Another thing to consider: Our eggs which the eggs are laid, and adds : vacant spots in the rows; by so doing
is overwhelmingly in favor of hardy as are not affected by the cold weather, "This may be easily tested by shuttingup you let too much sun in. Not only
versus soft stock. I and at the very time we need them a laying hen and giving her garlic this, but full rows will enable each
; most, they are fertile Such a winter or malted barley to eat. In a few plant to mature uniformly, then the
Some years ago a friend, then livingon and spring as they have experiencedat days the eggs will taste of the food. best results from an acre will be yours.A .
the shore of Lake Ontario, sug-- the North in '91 and '92 not over 50 We have tried this ourselves and plant missing here and there will
gested for the security of his peaches per cent. of all eggs set were fertile. I know it to be correct. Another theory tell at weighing time and cause your
from late spring frosts: and_ severe The artificial heat in the brooder is-but we cannot speak of it with yield to be far below what you ex
spells in the winter a series of shut- ftbuse can be dispensed with after the same certainty-that an egg laid on pected.
ters, arranged so as to inclose the May i, and this, too, is a saving. any strong smelling substance will Use nothing but the largest and best
trees. He had a few made, and found Then we can have green stuff, fresh, contract it. This is explained by the plants when replanting, because the
them to protect the trees and save the for young and old stock, all winter, fact that the shell, when the egg is grasshoppers, cut,worms and other
fruit. They were made in the form of which is a saving of grain. Our dry first laid, is comparatively soft and destroying insects are generally plen-
an A tent, and doubtless might betose- sandy land is one of the best soils to impressionable, and only hard after tiful about that time in the day.If .
ful to save the orange trees in Florida raise poultry on; they always have a contact with the atmosphere. Let you do not feel able to put up a
in case of injurious frosts. A mere good dust bath to clear themselves of your birds be wholesomely fed on large tobacco barn erect drying shedson
cloth tent would serve the same pur- insects and it is not necessary to house plain food and your nests be made of the side of the largest outbuildingyou
pose, to be spread over the trees in road dust for winter use in the dust clean straw. Hay nests have a tendency have. Cut four forks, sink,them
case of danger, which would alwaysbe room. E. W. AMSDEN. to make eggs taste. Follow well into the ground on the side of the
foretold -by the Weather Bureau. I nature, and you will have nothing to building least exposed to rain andwil'dput
The cost would not be too great, con- WHY EGGS SPOIL. complain of." up.cross pieces. at sides and
that whole the ends from poles cut in the woods, rafters -
sidering a crop or even
19,000,000 Too Many Roosters in
of the same material, then cover
orchard itself might be saved. By and the United States.
with anything that will keep a hard
by no doubt insurance against this
,
Whenever a fertilized egg is raisedto Morning
rain But little is here
out. cost at-
risk which be estimated with
can rea-
a of the
temperature 92 degrees tached, and as the tobacco dries it can
sonable exactness, will be provided, as
and when
hatching process begins, Noon
be removed to a more suitable place.
it is against other risks.-New York the temperature falls much below Floridian.
Times. this point the process ceases. These .
Night'
.
conditions are found in the warm days Mr. C. Irving Page, the irresistibleland
Mr. A. B. Walker informs us that and cool nights of summer. Duringthe Good all the time. It removes man of Auburndale, gave us a
he has made a test in raising Irish potatoes long hot day the hatching processis the of morning, sus- pleasant call while in Bartow on Wed
recently, using various kinds of at work; during the cool night it languor nesday. He informed us that he had
fertilizers, as follows: In one patch he ceases. After three or four altera- tains the energies of noon,lulls just finished shipping peaches (Bid-
used no fertilizer whatever. In a second tions of this kind the embryo chick the weariness of night. well's Early), which brought $4 a
patch he used well rotted stable dies and the rotting process begins. crate (three pecks), but that they were
manure, and got a yield of onefourthmore Now, it is evident that if the eggs Root still shipping tomatoes, which, thoughnot
than without fertilizer. In a third were not fertilized the hatching would Hires'delicious as high as earlier in the season,
patch he used the Belleview soft phos- not begin, neither would the rotting, Beer are still selling for $2.50 per three-
phates, and got a yield of onefourthmore and hence there would be an absenceof quarter-bushel crate, which is certainly
than in the patch where no fertilizers rotten eggs. The remedy, there- I : sparkling, appetizing.Don't not bad for the zed of June. By
were used. This speaks well fore, is to prevent fertilization of the be deceived if a dealer for the sake the way, the tomato shipping season
other kind
I for the soft phosphates of this region, eggs, and this can be secured by the is of"justaS larger profit good,"tells-'tis you Cdie.some No imitation from the Polk county lake region has
which are being mined and shipped to destruction of the rooster. Every is as good as the genuine Hius. now lasted about six months, and the
all parts of Florida-Belleview Blade. rooster uot ntended especially for end is not yet.-Bartow Courier



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. THE: FARMERS ALLIANCE.


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ORGAN OF THE STATE FARMERS fllilimflGE lINn IflDUSTlpIiVoLYI. uttIOft



Agriculture' is the Basis of Wealth." No. 26.


Why Boys Leave the Farm. utterly discouraged the young men consumers at home and abroad free to only] 122,000 bales during this time,
Editor Alliance Department: and caused them to despise the hon- buy grain and cotton in our American while nearly 26,000,000 bales of futures -
This is a question of long standing orable calling of their fathers. Until markets, which would then set the or fiat cotton were sold, and, in-
and has been variously answered. this course is stopped; until we cease prices for the world; because ruled by cluding cotton which passed through
While farming in Illinois has little to imitate those represented in the supply and demand.As New York in transport for export, this
marked resemblance to farming in homely adage, 'it's a foul bird that a matter of fact, the English city handled less than one-tenth of the
Florida, some observations in an Illi. soils its own nest,' it is useless to urge trade does not favor this gambling crop, yet fixed values for the world.A .
nois Farmers' Institute have their par- the boys to stay on the farm. How system, and some of the leading Eng-- striking instance of th -evils of
allel in Florida Alliances, and thereis can a boy help believing what he con lish houses have already cabled in- gambling on margins is furnished by
no great disparity in Northern and stantly hears from older heads and structions to their agents here to with- the broken firm of Coster, Martin &
Southern journals in the course pur- reads in the agricultural journals? draw from the option business, into Co., of Chicago. After depressingthe
sued that has the effect to make a How can he help despising farming ? which they had been driven by their price of corn for delivery in Mayto
"short crop" of farmers. It was in a He must be of a low order of intellect competitors. Thus those really injured the utmost limit, they undertook to
Farmers' Institute in Northern Illinois and devoid of ambition if he did not by the bill are simply the brokers buy all the corn in sight and insistedon
that Orange Judd attended where an despise farm life and seek to escape who now realize the same fees for the delivery of the actual grain
attempt was made to pass a resolution from it." effecting transactions in fiat producethat from all with whom they had contracts,
declaring, in effect, that farmers are The audience saw the point and legitimate commission merchants unless these parties would settle at $i
the-most enslaved class in the land, the resolution was not taken from the charge for handling actual cotton or a bushel-that is, pay Coster, Martin
despised, robbed by all sorts of corporations table; and the program for the next grain. Hence/ legitimate: business & Co. the difference between the priceon
,' combines, trusts, the gov- meeting was planned to bring out in being relieved of these charges on the day the firm made the trade
formation rather than phantom sales a further burden will and $ of from to
ernment, etc. A lawyer with political on improving i-a margin 20 40
ambitions for office, made the speechof depreciating farm life and methods. be disposed of and producers and cents per bushel. The sellers, how-
the occasion. He was so eloquentin While the editors and proprietorsof consumers will share the saving.To ever, were in this case able to furnish
the portrayal of the farmer's wrongs the Florida agricultural press are set up the claim that the specu- the actual corn faster than the firm
that some real farmers were wroughtto not chargeable with the complaintmade lation on margins is essential to mod- could buy it, and Coster, Martin &
tears, never before realizing how above, some of their contributors ern business methods is to make an Co. failed on the spot. As a result,
severely they had been wronged or are, and the tendency of their assertion that is fallacious on its face. the price of corn dropped from $i per
had they a conception of their enslaved contributions is not only to drive the This is shown by the fact that the sys- bushel to 50 cents in two minutes.Yet .
condition. The resolution was aboutto boys from the farm, but their fathers tem of gambling in phantom goods, they were able to thus manipulatethe
be passed when a Chicago gentleman and mothers also, and to prevent any now applied to grain and cotton, has market for a crop valued at $850-
asked the privilege of presentinga man of intelligence from ever setting been practically abolished in the busi-- ooo,ooo with capital of only$1 00,ooo!
word picture, showing two streets, foot in Florida Our State is no par- ness of selling stocks and bonds in all The anti-option bill alms to eradi-
one occupied by fifty business men adise, but it has compensations that the great cities of the world. Even cate this evil without interfering with
and the other a country highway are a good offsetand, much more, to the the San Francisco Mining Stock Exchange legitimate trade. It is, therefore,
stretching along fifty farms. He floods and cyclones, and hard winters has forbidden the practice. worthy of a careful trial. It will be
showed the indebtedness of the fifty that are encountered by the Northern Moreover, not 10 per cent. of the ce- better to amend the law if found faulty,
business men, equal to 70 per cent of farmer. While I write there are dozens real crops of the country are handledby or even to repeal it if it does not sat-
their stock in trade, which was subjectto of unburied dead in Illinois alone, the Produce Exchange cities whose isfactorily fulfill its purpose, than to
constant depreciation by age, wear, crushed beneath the falling walls in speculators' dealings on margins fix the have producers and consumers longer
change of fabrics, new inventions etc. the cyclone's path, which comes unheralded prices for the other nine-tenths. Chi- bear this intolerable burden of gam.
The indebtedness of the fifty farmerswas I destroying not only life but cago, for instance, handled less than blers' fees and manipulations.-Am.
22 per cent. of the total value of I property by the thousands and hun- 4 per cent. of the cereal crops of 1899, Agriculturist.
their land, buildings, live stock and : dreds of thousands. and yet her gamblers set the price on ..._.-
implements. The profits of the business When a soil is once made in the evety farm in the country. And New ; When the Energies Flag
man, taking into account failures, Florida sands, and intelligent garden York, the great center of cotton gam- Use Horsford's Phosphate.
bad debts and depreciation, etc., ing is pursued, the home dweller in the bling, received only 87,000 bales of Dr. T. C. Smith, Charlotte, N. C.,
averse about 5 per cent. of the South Peninsula State may have fresh : cotton during the nine months ended says : "It is an. invaluable nerve
arnount) invested. The average profits vegetables and fruits the year round, June ist out of a total movement exceeding tonic, a delightful beverage, and one
of- the farmers including what they as ? o other tiller of the soil in the 7,000,000 bales; her sales of of the best restorers when the energiesflag
used: in support of themselves and United States can have, and have the spot cotton for actual delivery were and the spirits droop." *

their families (what the merchants had satisfaction of knowing that the pro
to pay for out of their profits), with the ducts of the summer is not exhaustedin
increased value of farm live stock, by keeping warm in the winter. "Suc- .
growth and multiplication, was over cess comes to him who patiently f a
10 per cent. In this there was onlyi waits," should be kept in mind by all
who are intelligently and industriously REMSfs.
per cent. increased value of their pY
lands by the settling up of the country. solving the mysteries of Florida
soil and climate.
In looking over the audience, he GEO. HASTINGS.
said: "I see some men and women
300 Interlachen, Fla. (CONSUMPTION; OF THE BRAIN). TIlE BRAIN(from a photograph).
before me, but not one boy or young In Healthy Condition. With Paresis L itmI.:
man under twenty-one years of age, ANTI-OPTION LAW.A Restlessness,a feverish feeling,sleeplessness,periodic headaches dizziness dimness of vision,
and but few under twenty five or ringing In the ears, difficulty in thinking, trouble in remembering names and the faces even of
friends. The victim of Paresis is often shocked or annoyed by little noises and trifling things.
thirty. Why is this? I will tell you Victory for Farmers in the Lower The nervous system is often in such condition that very slight causes or even no cause at all,
why. The talk of my legal friend, House. may excite to sudden outbursts of anger. A feeling of pressure upon the brain is frequently
mental alternating with periods of wild,Illusive
followed by seasons of despondency depression
who has just spoken, and the con- Nor is there any truth in the asser- hopes. When the brain begins to consume or decay,many of these symptons become aggravated.The .
stant iteration of numerous farm jour- tion that an anti-option law would world seems strange or different from what it was in the past,thought becomes a positive

nals, which are constantly telling drive the cotton business to Liverpooland effort The and system life an needs intense soothing burden., toning, and building up. Something unusual Is demanded.And .
farmers how badly they are off, with the grain business to Canada. here is where the great difficulty has always b een-to find something pure and yet positivein
its results. The late Pro Phelps of Dartmouth College realized this when he began hit investigation
the hope of drawing patronage to Even admitting that it drove the which resulted in the discovery of Fame's Celery Compound. lie knew men and
themselves as the defenders of farmers. gambling, pure and simple, to those women required something heretofore unknown to the world and his great discovery has furnished -
it. This compound checks Paresis even after it has secured a foothold in the system.
This has led to a depressed conditionof places, this would have no material Taken on the approach of the first symptoms,it will positively prevent their increase. Its high
feeling among the older farmers effect on the market. Indeed, we endorsements by the medical fraternity and the cures it Is affecting easily account. .for 1U wonderful -
popularity and the unusual stir It has caused in this community.
which is fatal to earnest, intelligent want to drive this species of gamblingout
effort and successful work, and has I of the country. It would leave l DIAMOND DYES are Strongest Simplest FAStest.



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JUNE: 30, 1892] THE FLORIDA DISPATCH, FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER. 515.



Free Trade in England. the forest, are of some importance in WEATHER AND CROPS. guavas, grapes, rice and corn are in a

Lord Salisbury's speech at Hast discussing the question. It would I satisfactory condition, and promise at

ings, in which he criticised free tradeas appear reasonable to believe that by For the Week Ending June 27,1892 least Reports an averageyield.from Columbia county state -

a policy under the existing conditions cutting away a large forest area to the Bulletin No. 17 of the United States that the corn crop is the finest grown for

of international trade, has attracted southward of a locality, spring might weather bureau of the department of years.
i considerable attention both in come earlier, because the southern The following amounts of precipitationare
agriculture, prepared
by cooperationwith
and abroad and there has winds find reported: Archer,9.91; Apalachicola,
England entrance more readily, or the Florida weather service is
as 1.75 Crescent City, 4.10 DeFuniak
been much adverse comment upon the that by opening up a wide range of follows for the week ending June 27, Springs; 5.10: Eustis, 1.88; ;Green Cove

speech in England itself, even by country to the north, winters may be 1892 : Springs, 4.84; Homeland, 2.85; Jackson-
journals favorable to the Conservative more rigorous for that locality. ville, 2.54; Kissimmee, 1.63; Lawtey,
party. Lord Salisbury said that we The influence upon rainfall also can RAINFALL. '3.65;:); Milton, 4.75; Oxford, 4.01; Ocala,
The belt of drought from the northeastto 2.07. Orange City, 0.94 Orlando, 0.99
live in an age of war tariffs ; that, only be upon its local and timely dis- ; ;
L the southwest coasts across the centerof Pensacola, 1.00; St. Petersburg. 1.77;
despite the prophecies of the advo- tribution, and can only be felt for
Tampa,- 4.17 Titusville, 1.32.
the State, referred to in last week's ; Tarpon
cates of free trade, foreign nations are given localities. In this connection" it. Springs, 4.40. These amounts have
; adopting protection; that while other may interest your readers to hear the bulletin, was occupied during the past doubtless been largely increased in some
week by an area of heavy precipitationwhich instances by the general rain yesterday,
j nations are negotiating to obtain each latest-not theories, by which most
centered at Archer, Alachua as the reports of most correspondents
other's commercial favor, none is anxious people seem to understand unsupported county, where 9.90 inches fell and where were too early to include any of it.
about the favor of Great Britain, opinions without basis, but observations more precipitation has fallen since June Temperature-The temperature was
because she has stripped herself of the which will be published more 1 than fell during May, June and July below the normal and, except where
armor and weapons with which the fully in a bulletin from this division, last year. The counties of Santa Rosa precipitation was excessive, was benefi-
and Walton, in the extreme inland cial.
battle is to be fought. While com- that is to treat fully on the whole sub- northward of State coveredby
part were Sunshine-There was less than the
plaint is made of the United States, ject of?f forest influences. an area of heavy precipitation, aver- average amount of sunshine for the sea-

however, it happens, Lord Salisburysaid Among the stations in Germany aging five inches of fall. son,especially in Sumter,Alachua, Hills-
that that country furnishes the where observations have been carriedon These areas of heavy precipitation were borough and Orange counties, where
confined the of
mainly to hilly portions more is needed.WindsTlie .
United with articles whichare
Kingdom for the last fourteen years, to determine the State, while elsewhere the precipitation prevailing winds were
essential to the good of its people, the influence of forests upon wa s normal and very' satisfactory southerly. In Alachua county the wind

and with raw material which is essen- climate, there is one situated in the foV crops, excepting along the gulf coastof blew pears from the trees, and dt'Jacksonville -
tial to its manufacturers. Much use province of Hanover, on the Lune- the extreme northwestern part of the high southwest winds prevailedon
will be made of this speech by his State, notably in Escambia county, the 27th, reaching a maximum velocity -
opponents burg heath, which, in the beginningof where more rain is needed. of thirty-four miles per hour.
in the elections shortly to be the observations, was almost entirely The main results from excessive rains Crops-Planting: Potatoes in Sumter,
held in the United Kingdom. treeless. In 1877 extensive forest are these: They interfered with the Santa Rosa, Washington, Franklin and -

I planting was begun at the rate, at first, planting of late crops in Marion county; (additionally slips and vines in) Leon
caused to overshoot in Sumter
corn counties. Harvesting: Peaches about
Forests and Climates. of 1,000 to 1,500 acres a year, after-
county; injured tomatoes and eggplantsand over, Lake county; pineapples, Brevard
No real student of the question ward more slowly, and by this time suspended farm labor in Alachua county; grapes, Lake county; corn,
over 8,000,000 acres have been plant. county; tomatoes and melons were in- squashes, beans and potatoes nearly
holds hold that forest
or can areas ed to forest in that locality. Aroundthe jured and the growth of vines unduly ready to ship, Lake county. Shipments:
influence the general climatic condi- meteorological station developed' in Jefferson county; cotton Windfall pears, Alachua and Jefferson'
a
tions of a large country. Its effects, young and other crops were hurt and plowingwas counties; melons, Santa Rosa county;
in comparison with other cosmical forest of ten to twelve years old, ot prevented in Levy county.On tomatoes and grapes, Orange county.E. .
of meteorogical conditions pine and oak, has grown up. The the other hand, many good reportsare R. DEMAIN, Director.
causes station is placed in an open field of received' from the counties of Clay, I <
must needs be limited and local. about seventy-five acres extent, sur- Volusia, Brevard. Bradford, Sumter, Prof. W. T. Yocum, of Bartow, has
They are nevertheless as real as the Alachua, Escambia Putnam Polk Columbia
,

rounded the forest The been elected President of the State
change which the shelter of a house, by growth. Santa Rosa, Lake, Hillsborough,
change of conditions immediately Agricultural College, at a salary of
stable, or barn, or a wall, produces in Washington, Orange,Jefferson and Leon,
around the station Lintzel wherein cereals $2,000 annum.
the effects of the climate upon our- making potatoes, oranges, cane, per
Lintzel central for an area of about
selves or our animals. While, therefore -- -- -- --- -
twenty-five square miles, is represented .
the cold the
waves sweep over
whole country, I dare say those within as follows : THREEMORGAN SpadingHarrow

the shelter of a forest area mind them BEFORE REFORESTATION. 1

less than those on-open prairie. And 12 per cent, Held, meadow, etc. Thousand
since we are living each in a limited 85 per cent. heath, y told. The NO'Hesmll EQUAL around for Rotary Fall plowed Harrow land and, Stubble Pulverizer., Vine-
p
3 per cent. old forest. yards and Peach Orchards Leaves no
the local climate rather the
spot, or furrow or ridge. Angle of teeth adjustable. Send
climatic conditions, as we feel them, AFTER REFORESTATION. for Catalogue. Mention thU Paper. Address

concern us". more than the general 10 per cent field, meadow and water, '. D. S. MORGAN & CO. Brockport,N.Y.
climatic conditions.I 10 per cent. heath, roads and openings,
80 cent of forest.
do not want to be understood that I per 1888-1892.
the influence in the two cases of the There are now regular meteorological

shelter of a house and of the forest is observations for nine years on FRAI1kcLdN SYSTEM OF IRRIGATIO$.

entirely analogous. It is so in part, hand. The rainfall observations are

namely as far as the directness and compared with those from stations THE MUST EEONOMIGAb C REbIABbE AND EFFICIENT.

the velocity of the wind is broken, and outside of the conditions, but near "

{ the directness and intensity of the sun enough to Lintzel to be available for In Successful Use Since 1888in

is interfered with. The entire theory comparison. From this comparison

regarding climatic influence of the I it was found that while at the begin- Orange Groves and Vegetable Gardens in size from six acres to one

forest is based on these two main and !. ning of the period the rainfall at Lint hundred and seventy-five acres.I .

well established facts: The 'tempera zel was more than 18 per cent.less
have perfected, and tested by use, an arrangement of light steel
ture of the air-and dependent on its than at the other stations, there was a
relative humidity-is derived from the gradual increase until now it is more. tubes as a substitute for the perishable hose.JAMES. .

temperature of the soil; the forest, if Calculating the annual precipitationat FRANKLIN,

dense and shady, retards the heatingof Lintzel as percentage of the mean Montverde Fla.
the soil, and by impeding radia- rainfall of the other stations, the following .

tion, also the cooling of the soil and series is obtained: '
hence of the air. PER CENT. GE ULLVE ]L RPY .i ,

That the climatic conditions withina 1882 .. .. . ... ... 81.8 .
1883 .. .. ... .. .. 86.3
forest area are different from thoseof 1884. .. ..... .. .. . 95.2 BLACK JAMAICA and PORTO RICO
an open country, other conditions 1885. .. .... ... .. .... 99.8
being equal, is not any more a matterof 1886 ... .. ... .. .. . 100.7
theory, but of fact and figures. 1887. ... ... . .. 103.7 PINEAPPLE SLIPS
The only question now is whether this 1888. . .. . .. . .. 103.9

{, difference is large enough to be appreciable This constant increase; of rainfall, Imported by D. T. Valentine, Kingston, Jamaica. Large
in the exchange of the con- going; hand in hand with the increaseof

ditions in the forest with those in the forest cover in extent and height, slips for July delivery. Address,

open. It becomes at once apparentthat leaves hardly any doubt as to the close -
JOHN B. BEACH Agent
the size, the density, the age, relation of the two conditions.-; B. E. ,

c composition, and also the position of FERNOW in N. W. Lumb tman. :Xe1bo-:1rr1e: F1a.



.

516 THE FLORIDA DISPATCH, FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. [JUNE 30, 1892A

-

LARGE FIRM, derful success of Paine's specially pre- "CENT-A-WORD" COLUMN.To .

pared mixtures should recommend One Cottrell Cylinder

Who are Doing a Tremendous them to the earnest consideration of insure insertion in this column, advertise-
ments must be accompanied by the
Business in Fertilizers. every farmer and fruit grower in the Advertisements must not exceed money.fifty words..
State. Postage Stamps received in payment. Press
The fertilizer business must now be Count every word,including name and address
regarded as the largest and most important Patronize home industry, especiallywhen ,

of all the manufacturing inter- it is money in your pockets, and MANGO SEEDS prepaid by mail or express: ALSO
can deal with old in the busi-- (Kidney), per doz., 3OC.; Apricot,
ests, and the compounding of high you men per doz., 4OC.; Apple, per doz., foe. WM P.
grade commercial fertilizers in this ness, and who thoroughly understandyour NEELD, Pinellas, Fla. 6-30-41 ONE WASHINGTON HAND,

and other States has assumed enormous wants. WANTED to exchange a Wilson Bros. Feed
Our farmers will produce profitablecrops ," for one of large size. The
.
proportions.The mill I offer is as good as new,but is too small for
Florida business, from the very with less uncertainty, only when our use. Address A. L DUNCAN, Dunedin, Fla. PRESS,

nature of our light, porous soils, requires they commence using perfect and com 6-30-31 V

a very high grade fertilizer that plete fertilizers adapted to the crops WANTED-gartner with 8500.0010 $rooo.oo toI I Can be
in pineapple plantation. Address Bought Very Cheap.
shall be composed only of such chemi. they wish to raise.1tLOIllDADlPATCR. PLANTATION, Goshen, Fla. 6-30-21 I

cals as are especially adapted to Florida
FOR SALE-American Fruit Evaporator No. i. APPLY TOCHAS. '
soils; all other fertilizers are practically as new. J. F. TENNEY&SON FederalPoint
; Fla.
6-30-41
useless, as far as producing profit- OWtli W. DACOSTA
,
able are concerned.The t ; _. al THE UNKNOWN PEA, $2.00 per bushel.
crops R fARMERSAIUANt7t
ducks and Langshan chicks, four to
J ,,.,
Paine Fertilizer Company, with 1'\RH..l11t eoruouosresJAnwur.uw smL..Knw." five months old.>Si.oo each. Pure and well bred Jacksonville, Fla.
eggs, $1.25 p dozen. W. H. MANN, Mannville,
their handsome offices West
at 50 Bay Putnam Co., Fla. 6-i6-3t
street, and factory and wharves in CHAS. W. DaCOSTA, Publisher.
the ,
sweetest
They are
and bittersweet seed for sale in
SOUR orange THE LATEST
East Jacksonville, are the largest ship- any quantity. ALEX. A. BERRY, New Smyr moat complete, tone sustaining -
,
pers at this point. This old, reliable TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION: na, Fla. 6-16-41 Music durable Boxes and made perfect -

firm have, on account of their careful For One Year ..............................82.00 ARTESIAN WELL MACHINERY sale or (warranted In every reINVENTION -

and numerous tests with different For Six Months......... .............. ..... i.oo trees. A.for A.cows BALDWIN, or orange, Georgiana and, lemon Fla. IN spect tunes),can and be any obtained number for of

chemicals on the several crops grown 43-Subscriptions in all cases cash in ad1'ance.* 6-16-61 them. in(Improvements Switzerland Patented and*

.on Florida soil, always commanded a I Rates of Advertising on Application. A Bargain.To United States.)

large portion of the trade in fertilizersand REMITTANCE should be made by Check, make room for young stock we wi1! sell for for We direct manufacture family trade especially, and we
thirty days at a great reduction : Langshans, SWISSMUSIC\/ I
materials; but in the past year Postal Note, Money Order, or Registered Letter, Golden and Silver Wyandottes White Leghorns, guarantee our instruments far
tb order ofFLORIDA Silver Spangled Hamburgs,Pekin ducks. White superior to the Music Boxes
they have taken a very rapid stride to Phymouth Rocks, Indian Games and Bronze usually made for the wholesale
the front-rank, branching out into other DISPATCH, :FARMER AND turkeys. Write soon and get first choice. The trade and sold by general mer.
chandise dry goods and music +
FRUIT GROWER, most of this stock has been in my breeding pens
Southern States and placing fertilizersat the past year and are not more than twelve to stores.! Manufacturers'specialagency
a number of Northern points. Flor- Jacksonville, Fla. Fla.sixteen months old. E W. AMSDEN, Ormond 6I6ztWALL I /1 I celebrated and Gem salesrooms and Concert for the

ida should supply State in the Roller Organs; play any tune;
every
prices,only f6 and$12.
PAPER-Cheaper than house in
Union with their fertilizers, and out- FREE FREE FREE state. Samples,prices and any instructionsfree Old;Muslc Boxes carefully
bf the State companies must look sharpfor ,by.mail. J. F. ROBINSON, IS W. Bay street, Repaired and Improved.
Jacksonville, Fla. 3-24-601 11. GAUTSCHI Jt SOXS,
active in their
competition .own I BOXES ..lra''f"t..r'r6.Salesrooms. .
States from such enterprising men as ,, FLORIDA'S advantages for small investments, Chestnut St.
Estate ," Arcadia, 1030
WHITNER'SGARDENING Journal Fla.
those operating the Paine Fertilizer '1.00 per year: sample,with state map 10 cents. Philadelphia
Company. Several papers in the 3-24-iam

State have already made mention of IN FLORIDA For Florida Trade.

the first car load of fine melons sent The Lakeland Nurseries are again to the front
with 15,000 orange and lemon buds, consisting of KIAIEPIAN
out of the State this year by Mr. G. FREE TO ALL. 12 prominent varieties, budded on sour, sweet
W. Bigelow of Bushnell Fla. This and grapefruit roots,one to four years old,and a
,
fine of
stock seedling grapefruit and sour trees;
car of I,100 melons was sold by Sgo- also complete stock of decidious trees. C. M.MArSH OS.UNEQUALLED
Proprietor, Lakeland, Fla. 6-i6-6t .
bel & Day, of New York, for $462.

Another, shipped shortly after sold Until April 1st, 1892, I will mall to FOR SALE Whipporwill, per bushel, r.o. IN
., Conch (limited
$2.00; peas quantity), per
for $367. These were the finest all subscribers remitting $2.00 for pound, post paid, 2oc; Chufa seed, per pound Ton"-,Touch,W OrkmaD h p 5 Durability
melons and highest prices paidin post paid, 35c; per peck, f. o. b.' $1.50; pearlmillet
renewal.. or new subscription,a copy per pound, post paid, 35c; lour pounds, Baltlmore.22nnd24 East!' Baltimore Street.
New York this year. Mr. Bigelowused 81.25; ten pounds, f. o. b., $2.00. Send cash with New York, 148 Fifth Ave
of "Whltner's Gardening In Flor order. EXCELSIOR SEED FARM, Keuka, Fla. Washington 817 Market Space
Paine's celebrated brand of a-4-tf

"Truck Farmers' Special," and netteda ida."
WRITE NOW for prices on anything in nurs- FOR SALE
handsome income from his vegeta- To all who remit $5.00 I will send ery line. I will either supply you or tell ,
bles and melons while others near you where to get it. Stock largely increased. G.
this paper and the "World's Colum- L. TABER, Glen St. Mary Nurseries, Glen St. or would exchange for bearing grove and pay
him paid $40 per ton for fertilizers, Mary, Fla. 6-o-tf cash difference. Forty acres of rich Pine Hammock -

and did not clear expenses. There is bian Exposition Illustrated," for ORANGE,grapefruit and lemon trees. AU the land. Thirty acres cleared, together with

no doubt that heavy applications of one year, the subscription price of varieties one and two year buds; plank causeway, Ji mite Ion:, with dock and
extra fine Tardifis. Write for what want to
you mile from Grahamville on Ocklawaha
ferry i
perfect and complete fertilizers, adapted which Is $4.00 per annum.C. J. C. BLITCH,or Tampa Nurseries Tampa, Fla.
-tfFOR River;4 miles from Silver Springs.! AddressA.
69
to the different crops and to the .

soils of our State, will pay for them- W. DACOSTA, SALE-One second hand Washington TREADWEL.L' ,
for sale at
Press cheap
selves many times over, and the won- PUBLISHER. Write for narticular Rtddlng. Conn.




THE: PAINE FERTILIZER COMPANY,



a OF: JACI SONVILLE, 1 ]CrA.,


WHOSE CUSTOMERS ALWAYS SEND TO MARKET EACH SEASON

Finest Oranges, First Strawberries, First Car-Load of Watermelons, and First and Best VegetablesThat

always get the very cream of the high prices, will occupy this space henceforth with an advertisement for their celebrated brands of


Orange Tree and Vegetable Fertilizers, .


Their Oyster Shell Gas Lime, and their .


Ground Stock Food and Prepared Poultry Food.


For information, analysis, circulars, price current, etc., describing these articles address

THE: : !AINE: : > FE RODlXrl l. R CO., ,

MANUFACTURERS OF HIGH GRADE COMMERCIAL FERTILIZERS, OFFICE SO WEST SAT ST., JACKSONVILLE, FLA. .

All prices will be in view of great rivalry and made to meet tvery possible competitor and should secure your order. Drop us a line for prices, etc., for fertil. ,

- izers and material, mentioning this paper. .-. ,
I



i



'
\

"


".I,
,,

-- : 30, 1892] ;>' : ** THE FLORIDA DISPATCH, FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER -"" 617

-
I : -
I
) TH E THEJACKSONVILLE-



il,:' JACKSONVILLE KEY WEST SYSTEM TAMPA & S. 8. HUBBARD COMPANY, I:I FLORIDA I II




_&.-,- FLA.
I :' ,
I I

I EAST COAST LINES, HARDWARE AND STOVES,

Extending Southeast, South and Southwest
DOORS SASH BLINDS
PAINTS
OILS AND VARNISH. 7
from
Jacksonville
cover over one
j, thousand miles of tropical country, and savv MIL L sUnnt.IE .

reach all prominent winter and summer We are State ,We Have
Agents for the
II' pleasure resorts of Florida: One Horse and Two 3 HORSE HAY RAKES ,I .

The East Coast
In stock.
BUCKEYEMOWERS
P
8 ami f! feet tread.
The Great Lake
Region, ;. hH/ THEFlorida -
The 6 foot Is suitable -
The Phosphate Fields, ,t. y for use in I Central & feipsnlar

; I The Pineapple Fields, A. eomplcte stork andRejtntr nJIoirerM > oj ORANGE GROVES. I RAILROAD I CO.

The Orange GrovesAND Factory;* tin 1'rlces.hand at l Write for: Prices. The Florida' Trunk Line

WE CARRY A COMPLETE STOCK OF THE FAMOUS"T"EXAS
-ANC-

The Fruit and Vegetable RA.NGE PLO VS" : SHORT LINE TAMPA
A Full Line of Repair for Same.
TO
Sections. Acme Orange Grove and Two-Horse PulverIzIng Harrows, the Boy In addition to Its long-established connco-

Dixie Cast Plows, and a full line of Farm and Agricultural Implementsof I tions with the North by

all descriptions. Agents for the Planet Jr. Horse and Hand Tools, sold River Junction, Live Oak,Callahan,Jacksonville -
THREE THROUGH TRAINS and Femundlna,
.. at factory prices. Send for catalogues. I Has this season reopened

YU. file fHomasville mil JJonticelh: Route.

I 1 In connection with the S.,F.&W. R.R.;the
The TricTrllllk Line AlabamaJMidland and the L.&N.and the lines
leading from Chicago, St.Louis, Kansas City
and the North and West.
!
These lines are equipped with the latest Through Cars from Cincinnati to
Jacksonville and .
improved modern appliances for the Tampa.fast
Schedule, 'ullma,. Sleeper all JT safety and comfort of passengers I ern Railway Improvements.

Our patrons call them the I The Florida Central i PeninsRlar RIR.

FINEST IN FLORIDA. is the greatest artery of travel through the
twentyfourcountsGadsdenJetrerson
,Duval,Aluchua,
Lo.ket Leon,Suwannee, Levy,Orange
Trains Leave Jacksonville via J., Hillsborouxb, Waku Nassaui umbla, Clay
Marion, Polk, Manatee. Madison,Baker Bradford -
T. & K. W.: : ,Sumter, Hernando and DeSoto-In their
-L; richest portion. It runs through the Middle -
8:30: a.m. daily,except Sunday; 12:30: p.m.: =- o Florida Region of Hill Country where are
-
daily; : daily, except Sunday; the fine oldFarming
8:00: p.m. daily, except Sunday. Lands and the 2feiv Tobac
Tarns
Arrive 7:30 a.m., 8:00: a.m., 12:55 p.m., I (reached by no other tile), some of them con-
7:40: p.mTrains ducted on a large 8CH 1 f>. Here aro Oulncy
PLANET JR. nQRSE HOEjwITn; LEVER AND LEVER WHEEL.IRRIATIING Tallahassee(the capital) Mouticello. :Madison
and other towns, from whose comfortable
Leave Jacksonville via East -- ---
ample dwellings, repotting in a fertile country -
Coast Lines: *is coming a renewed energy to employ
MACHINERY I the resources lavished about them. Stretching
8:25 a.m. daily, 1:00 p.m daily, except down through
Sunday; 4:05: p.m. daily. BOTH STEAM, HORSE AND HAND POWER. The 1'eaeh Countryof
Baker Bradford Alachua and Levy coun-
Arrive 9:30 ajn, 12:25 p.m., 6:40: pjn. Carry a stock of Steam Pumps, Boilers ties, through the prosperous
Strawberry Farmsof
INDIAN RIVER STEAMERS LEAVE Wrought and Galvanized Pipe, Valves. Lawtey, Starke and Waldo, perhaps gu-
TITUSVILLE perior in profit to the orange grove-it goes
Hose Etc. Estimates furnished
i Fittings, through the heart of the State,penetratingsome
For Melbourne daily, except Sunday, 4 r for Plants put in complete and guaranteed of the finest groves one having
5:00: a.m., 3:45: pjn.; Rockledge, 900am.: 70OOO Full-bearing Orange Trees,
7:00 p.m. Amve Melbourne, 1:00: p.m., w satisfactory. Hand Spraying passing for nearly a mile between them-
making its way southward to the Gulf,and to
12 midnight. Returning,leave Melbourne Pumjps of every description. Send for the more tropical portions of the State. In
1:20: p.m., 12:30 a.m.; Rockledge 4:50: p.m., aU portions of the State it reaches points of
8:00: a.m. Arrive Titusville 8:00 p.m., ''L Catalogue of How and When to Spray. Scenic Interest.

12 noon. Nozzles, Pipe, etc., made to order in our Wakulla Springs in the West, the Suwan-
nee lllver as beautiful and romantic as it it
Leave Rockledge for Jupiter daily, except machine shop. famous Solver Springs, in the lake region
Sunday, 8:30: a.m., arrive Jupiter following and the lakes themselves, with their sur-
of land with
l roundings rolling interspersed
day, 3:30: aon. Returning, leave 1 pleasant homes la green groves!,sloping down
Jupiter daily, except Sunday, 9:30: a.m. I to the clear lake fronts. By means of this
Arrive Rockledge following day,3:30: a.m. : road you can most readily reach the
1 1u hunting and Fishing Grounds.

Steamer "ST.AUGUSTINE" Leaves The settler will find on the line of this road
it ;greater: opportunity for a varied selectionof
ORMOND : land than on any other road in the State-
: ? from lightest soils to those underlaid with
8:00 aon.Tuesdays, Thursdays and Satur- clay; and marl), and of richest hammock e
days for Rockledge, and way landings. r whether for regular mixed farming,stock or
Returning, leaves Rockledge 8:00 a.m. dairy farming peach or strawberry culture,
.
orange: groves and vegetable gardens.
Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays. o The tourist will be gratified with its scenery.
The health-seeker on its ample route can find
Connections are made at Jupiter with some spot adapted to his wants. On tho hard

M trains of J. & L.W. Railway for all pointson '-- clay ill ride roads with of speed Middle alld58tfsactioa.Florida the horsemanw and the

Lake Worth Florida Central and Peninsular is the
; Sportsman's Route.NOTE. .
For schedules, maps, eta, call l on local .-Passengers from Northern connections
agents, or address the General Passenger 1- having tickets over the Florida) Centraland
to points in South Florida
Agent. have Peninsular of being taken into Jacksonville -
AGENTS FOR over the Company line and alloweda
K. B. CABLE, W. L. CRAWFORD. Iu VLES' STEAM PUI'1'S.All stop-over within the going limits of the
General Manager Supt.East Coast Line*. ticket,with return to their route for destination -
J?T.& K. W.System. St.Augustine, F &. Letters Answered the Day they are Received. free of extra charge.' Send for map of
Florida,mailed free.
O. D. ACKERLY, A.O.MACDONELL G.P.AJacksonville-
General Passenger Agent THE S. B. HUBBARD COMPANY ,Fla.,
.
Jacksonville Fla. N.8.PENNINOTON, Traffic Manager.D. .
.MAXWELL, General )fa ..l"JUNE "
JACKSONVILLE. FLA.




.



-


518 THE FLORIDA DISPATCH, FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER. [JUNEj30' 1892

.
r -.. -


I BELLEVIEW MINING CO.'SSOFT' PHOSPHATE AND COMPLETE FERTILIZER.




O. K.Phosphoric BRAND, CO XPLgTE FOR ORANGg ':I'REES: AND PItEAPPLEt3.


ANALYSIS :

Acid.......... .... ......4 per cent. I Potash K. .....5 per cent. I Ammonia.........................2 to 3 per cent.


FRUIT AND "VINE BRAND, FOR BEARING T12EES.: :

ANALYSIS :

Potash.. ................. .. ...6 to 7 per cent. | Ammonia.... ....................3 to 4 per cent. I Phosphoric Acid...............'...5 to 6 per cent.

PrIoe, per'tOr1, O. K. I3rstrnd, I3 O. 13. CArs, Be11e"V"le, 822.00-

PrIce, per> ton, UVrci-it: aLnd trine, J?. O. 33. Ccxr-s, Be11e"V"le, >82.00::

This Company also offer their Burnt and Ground Soft Phosphate. The analysis of our Soft Phosphate, given by Serge Malyvan, of Ocala, is :

Insoluble Silicate .................... ....'... I Phosphoric Acid......................... .. 17.70 j Oxide of Iron................................. I Magnesia and Soda ............ ..... ..... 6.55
Carbonate Lime........................... 4.56''j Equivalent to Bone Phosphate Lime..... ...39.00 I| Aluminum ......... ........................ .741 I| Moisture..................................... 6.59

He says that, after analyzing samples of Soft Phosphate from different mines in the State, the only soluble Soft Phosphate. is contained in an area of about
six miles about Belleview. '

The above mentioned complete Fertilizer is 25 per cent. cheaper than any sold in Florida of same grade, and is what orange growers need.


-TESTIMONIALS :

that fertilized with cotton seed. Thinking this two more cars oi Soft Phosphate. I have used been brought into the State,and I would warmly
More About Soft Phosphate. estimate may have been a little high I put it as seventy-five tons of this Phosphate, and have recommend its use to the orange growers in the
The following in regard to soft phosphate is above, but I am free to admit that he is a better noticed with much interest its effect on my orange Stat Yours truly,
taken from the Gainesville: judge of such matters than I am." trees. The first car load I applied to somethingover D. GREENLEAF.
That soft phosphate! is rapidly gaining favor J. T. Smith, writing from Levy county,says: "I five hundred trees, and the results have been
with the fruit and vegetable growers there is no put soft phosphate on sixteen rows of corn last simply marvelous. The adjoining five hundred
sort of doubt. Those who have given it a test unhesitatingly spring in about a four acre field of corn,on about an trees received no fertilizing, and the difference
speak of it in the most complimentary average quality of the land. I broadcasted the' between the two fields is something wonderful.On CEDAR KEYS, FLA., Dec.21,1891.C. .
terms. Mr. George Saxon writing from soft phosphate over the land, after breaking it up one side every tree has started with a vigorous B.. Smith, President Belleview Mining Com
T.Tallahassee says: well, at about two tons per acre. Then I harrowed growth. The finest foliage that I have ever seen
: *9
The soft phosphate referred tom in the granulated this in. I did not measure the yield only in a grove. The trees which received no appli- DEAR pany SIR-Yours of 17th received. It givesme
article containing the elements of ground bone in my cart as I gathered it. I got as much corn cation have just! commenced: to start up. Mr. Me pleasure to state that I have used nothing but
and 50 per cent phosphate of lime (bone phosphate from the sixteen rows that had soft phosphate on Master of the firm of McMaster& Miller, of San the Belleview Soft Phosphate on the
) crude as it come: from the mine. This I it as I did from the next thirty rows. The corn Mateo,visited my grove a few days since and ex- past nd I have been more my than grove satisfied
soft phosphate was put upon cotton last year I did not dry up any for want of rain, as the rest of pressed himself as being very much astonishedat with year the results. The trees are looking as wellas
' alongside of cotton seed as fertilizers, and the re- the crop did. I am well pleased and will use it the growth of the trees where the soft phos they have ever looked-even when I used expensive
cult wauUy or more than double, in yield of this year on all my crops." phate had been applied. If you will remember fertilizers. Many have heard of
cotton over the cotton seed, while it gave four the first shipment of Phosphate was made less experiment, and persous phosphate has ad-
times the yield -over the same land without any than sixty days since, and until the last few dayswe my vanced in their estimation.your
fertilizer. Rev. T. W Moore of Leesburg lookedat JACKSONVILLE, FLA., June 12,1891.C. have had very little rain.I truly ,
this crop while in full fruitage and he said that B. SMITH, President Belleview Phosphate Co., am fully convinced that one ton of the Belle- Very REV.yours F. R. HOLMAN
fit that time that the cotton fertilized by this soft Jacksonville, Florida: view Soft Phosphate has a greater value as a plant
phosphate had three times more fruit on it than DEAR SIR-Enclosed please find my order for food than a ton of any Fertilizer that has ever

We offer this Phosphate at prices so low that it is in reach of every orange grower and gardener. Prices, F. O. B. cars at Belleview, Florida :
'
Per torn, Uxxclxrlocl, irx: 3BtJLHc:, 3CS.OO

Per ton, DrIed, irx lOxillc:, J&G.OO

Per ton, aBvtrxat, Ground and Scxolcod: : $S.OO

Put up in 200-pound sacks. Orders for less than one ton, 50 cents per ton extra. Terms, cash with order. Send orders, and apply for further particulars, .

testimonials, freights, etc., to

C. B. SMITH, President and General Manager, Jacksonville, Fla.

n _. _


DA COST A NEW DISCOVERY ACCIDENT

In compounding a rotation a part was accidently spilled on the load
and on washing afterward it was discovered that the hair was com
pletely removed. We at once put this wonderful preparation, on the
market and 10 great has been the demand that we are now Introducing
.r it throughout under the name of Queen's Antl-Halriae.
Printing AND Publishing House I. '' IT IS PERFECTLY HARMLESS AND ".

4 SO SIMPLE ANY CHILD CAN USE IT.
Lay the hair over and apply the mixture for a few minutes and the
hair disappears as If by magic without the slightest pain Injury when
J7TCKSON: ALI LLB FLA: applied or ever afterward. It is unlike any other preparation ever used
_-r for a like purpose. Thousands of LADIES who have been annoyed
; with hair on their'PA CK, NECK and ARMS attest its merlta.
TURNS OUT THE BEST STYLE OF PRINTINGAT ".c-;.ii: .." GENTLEMEN who do not appreciate a beard or hair on their neck,
find a priceless boon in Queen's Anti-Ifalrine which doe away
with Shaving by rendering Its future growth an utter impossibility.
THE LOWEST RATES. Price of Queen Antl-Ilairine f 1. per bottle sent In safety mailing boxes postage< paid by us(securely
sealed from observation). Send money or stamps by letter\ with full address written plainly. Correspondence
: strictly confidential. This advertisement is honest and straight forward In every word It
contains. We Invite you to deal with us and you will find everything as represented. Cut this out and
end to-day. Address QUEEN CHEMICAL CO., 174 Race Street, CINCINNATI O. You can
register your letter at any Pont Office to insure its safe delivery We>will pay f 50O for any case
or failure or slightest Injury to any purchaser. Every bottle guaranteed. ,
I i SPEC( L-To 1&dlee who tntroda.aDd sell among their friends 25 Bottles of QaHn'AIRI-XatrtDe.
will Dreeeat with SILK DRESS, 16 yards best.11k. Extra Large Bottle and usptqs
r4 AigLflrMlit of silk w select Commission ,
.. from sent with ord.r. Good Salary or lgeate.
-
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DEAFNESS STATE BANK OF FLORIDA
'
1 ,
ITS CAUSES AND CURE, .VOT INCORPORATED.,

Scientifically treated by an aurist of worldwide JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA.
reputation. Deafness eradicated and entirely
cured, of from 20 to 30 years' standing, after all Capital 30000.00
other treatments have failed. How the difficulty ,
f 1 I .7 is reached and the cause removed, fully ex-
I plained in circulars, with affidavits and testi- your old family Bibles; make them at
a monials of cures from prominent people, mailed REPAIR as new. DaCosta Printing and Publishing -
Mq 4 free.Dr. House,Jacksonville, Fla.Clark' .
Y,.w A. FONTAINE: 19 East 14th St., N. Y.


cte:: to Cf'15 per day. at
tDt.I. heme, selling
LIGHTNING PLATER
ud p1&t1afJtW'llry.W'atchee
j taIIleW'anI.o. Plate the
finest of Jewelry food a*
new, on all kind: of metal
1 with gold,diver or alekeU
No experience. No capital. s
Every home ha rood needing I
plating. Wholesale
agent IS.Write for ctJn.Ian. *

The Manufacture of Blank Books .,.Colambu IL F.DELNOCo. .0- "

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-

200 ACRES OF CHEAPLY IRRIGATED
a Specialty. .
TRUCKING LAND without expensive Cutaway
machinery or even artesian wells. A black soil, HARROWS AND CULTIVATORS.
SEND FOP RRlOeS., several feet in depth, level as a floor, free from I keep In stock seven styles,cutting in width
.. timber,which can be flooded by the closing! of agate from two(*) to six ((6)) feet, at prices from JioToo
V CHAS. W. DACOSTA at the mouth of the ditch draining the glade. to I31.so. Send for catalogue.HUBBARD .
Proprietor. terlachen For particulars, Fla. address GEO. W. HASTINGS,In- 11:. S. Gen. State Agent.

Fsdsral Point,Fla.



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JUNE 30, 1892] THE FLORIDA DISPATCH, FARMER AND] o19

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---
J


t. Clyde] Steamship Co. PATR '0 IItJIYft iftflPR1SE1



I HEW YORK, CHIU1bESYrJN nHDFiiDijlD blUES.
MERCHANTS' -
-- -- STEAMSHIP CO. OF FLORIDA.

The magnificent Steamships of this Line are appointed

t to sail as follows, calling at Charleston, S. C.,

i Both ways :

(STASDARD TIME.)
: From :New York. 'Proul Jacksonville! \
(Pier 29 E. R.) STEAMER Tlorida.

I I Tuesday, June aSth.at 3 P. M...... "CHEROKEE" ....-u1dav. July 3d at 11:30 A. M
t, Friday. July ist. at 3 P. n:....... "SHMINOLK: ..... Thursday.. July 7th. at 2:00: p. M
Tuesday. July 5th, at 3 P. )1........ IROQUOIS..". .....Sunday. July loth at 4:00 A. M
Friday, July 8th, at 3 P. '-(......." "CIIEKOKEE". ......Thursday,, July 14th, at 7:30: A. M
Tuesday.Fridaj July ulh, at 3 P. )I........ .SH\IJNOI.E..Suud:1y.: July 17th, at 10:30: A. M
July isth at 3 p. M .. .. .. "IROQUOI-" Thursday, July 2ist at 2x0: p. M
Tuesday July i9th at 3 P. M..ALGONQUIN.Sunday, July 24th at 4:30 A. M
Friday, July 2zdot 3 P. M......." SEMiNOLE..Thursday, July 2Mh: at 7:30: A. M
Tuesday, July 26th at 3 P. M "CHEROKEE" ..... Sunday, July 31 tat ioax: A.M
Friday, July 29th, at 3 P. M... .. "ALGONQUIN,". ..... .Thursday, Aug. 4th, at 1:00: r. M

f tw 1, : ',..4 '.:
y 1-:

: ST. JOHNS RIVER LINE.

... -- -
-----

For Sandford, Enterprise and Intermediate Points on
Stea 2ll.e1" Yolxn G. Cl11"istol)11er:
.. the St. Johns River. .
.
IS APPOINTED TO SAIL
FROM :Sl:'"' YOKK. FROM .J.\C'i.OSYIJ.Ll1.!,; :

S1eaX1'1et.< "E'v-erglicle" Thursdays, June t6, 3o and July 14--3 p. m. Fridays, June 24, July 8 and 22-8 a. m. .

1. Jacksonville Tuesdays: and Saturdays at 5 r. :'1.: returning:, leaves Sandfonl Monday and. Thlx sh'rfroxlii1111aMGr'rtr built mjtfrlnUy for rnrvfiltnj fruit and 1'ryttnblfv, itntl {*
: .' -' Thursdays at 6 A. M., Enterprise. 6:30: A. M. jHrfertlirtntilatul.. Time fat term f1imntrlUr ami J 'w lorte 7Xhourtt.W. "

S1eaI:1t.e1.Vel: : -.1i"l. H. CHRISTOPHER, W. A. SOMERVILLE JNO. G. CHRISTOPHER

Agent. Jacksouvil'! Agent New York. Gen'l Mau'r, JadiIt6 vilJe.
Leaves' Jacksonville Mondays Thursdays at 5 r. M.: returning:, leaves' Sandford Wednesdays Pier 49 East River.
and Saturdays at 6 A. M.. Enterprise, 6:30: A: '.I. .
----- ---- -------------
General Passenger and Ticket Office, 88 West Bay St., Jacksonville.
SAVANNAH LINE..C'
JOHN J.. 1IOWAUI Florida Freight Agent foot Laura Street, Jacksonville Fla.
I'. M. IISOXMONfiK.: Jr., Florida Passenger: Agent 88 We t Hay St., Jacksonville; Fla.MAKSII .
:: .\I.T. II. CLYDi::, Assistant, Traffic Manager: 5 Bowling Gre'en. New 'York. .-
\V. I*. TIIEO. G. KC.rn, Traffic ;Manager 5 Bowling Green. :New York.J. '"
A. LESLIE, Superintendent, foot Laura Street, Jacksonville, Fla. between Boston and Savannah, 65 to 70 hours.

WM. P. CLYDE & CO., Gen'l Agents, -

13 South Delaware Avenue Philadelphia. -- 5 Howling Green, :New York.WILLIAM OCEAN) STEAMSHIP COMPAIY.1t .


ESTABLISI-IE 187u. .
I.M ;C1 e Iatt:(. & S ..

Between Jacksonville and New York : First-class $1;.63 ; Intermediate, $ll.OO; ExcursioH, $$4350 r,
A. BOURS & CO., Steerage, $12.50.

Jacksonville and Boston : Cabin. 127.00; Intermediate $21.00 ; Excursion $47- 0; Steerage, $14.25
WHOLESALE The magnificent Steamships of this Company are appointed to sail as follows:


Grain Garden Seeds and Fertilizers FROM [SAVANNAH Central or 90:Meridian TO NEW Time.]YORK. *

Xsicooclioe..... ............ ...,...... .... ..........>.......... ............Frilay, July it. io.3oa.m
City of JUriniiigliam.......... ...... ................. .... ............Saturday July 2ud. it.3oa.m
20 WEST BAY STREET JACKSONVILLE FLA. City Augusta .. .. .. .... ...... ............. ... .. ...............Monday, July 4th, I.JOp.m
1 Tall]11 ha! 1t Kansas City.................................................,....... Friday, July Rth, 4.r P-m
t I HANDLE ONLY THE BEST AND MOST RELIABLE SEEDS. A COMPLETE STOCK.! Chattaliooclie.... ...................... ............ ..... ...........Saturday. July 9th f.oo p.mfallnliHteoie
XaeoiM-liee.. ...... .................. ............................ ...,... Monday, July nth 43op.m
i Corn Oats Flour Bran Wheat Grits MeaL City of irmiiiham: ....... ................................ Wcdnt'stL-.y, fjlh 7p( .m
Hay, City of Augusta...... ..... ....... ........... ................ .. ...... ridav. July iMh, 9-JOa tn
< .... .............. ...........................................Saturday,July i6th, 10.30 a.m
: COTTON SEED MEAL' Both and Dark. van-as (ity...........................................................Monday, July I iMh, 12.30 p m230p.ro
Bright ('liattahooclicc......................................................Wednesday, July 2oth.
N.iroodifi'... ...... ............ ............... ................... .. Friday July, 2211!, 4.30 p.m
\ STATE 'ity of irminsIiam; ........ .... ........... ... .... ....... ...... ....Saturday, July 23d, s-oop.m
AGENT FOR PURE GROUND BONE ('ity of Augusta.... ................................................. \-[ aJuly 25th, 630 p.mTallatlassPC.
J. E. Tygert&Co.'s .. .. .. ..............................................Wednewldy, July 37th;
Kansas City ............ .......... .................. ................ Friday July 29th, 9.pa.m
Star Brand Fertilizers, _- NITRATE SODA, C'hattnliooelioe..... ........................ ..................... ...Saturday, July joth, loooa

MURIATE OF POTASH FROM SAVANNAH TO BOSTON. .
GUARANTEED ,
ANALYSIS,
(ate. Thursday, July 7th. 3.3Dp.m
Comprising SULPHATE POTASH City ofRcon.: Thumtey, July I4th 8.joa.m
I Tree and (gate City. Tharsd y, July aisrt. ,1.00 p.rn
; Orange Vegetable KAINIT EtG City of ) .Thursday, July ath, iwa.m
*
FERTILIZER. FROM SAVANNAH TO PHILADELPHIA.This I .

These Fertilizers have no superior in the market and a trial will convince.. ( Ship does SOT Carry llweugers.) -

: ---- --- --- Dcr..ting........... ............ ...... ......... .. ............... ........Friday. July I I .oe..m
iesong............ .............. .......... .... ...... ...... ..... ..... .:MoH l yjBly .ltII, 6.Mp.m
GREAT OFFER ViT= tUPRiGHT PIANOS. })e5SUU1:.. ....... ................. .... .... .....-....... ... ... ......Thursday! Jaly 21M. 3.aop.m

c) Pianos ; .
rN.ST ACTOItYIX
and I
THESE PALACE STEAMERS
Organs UNITKi I>> STATUS. ,

$35 Always ready for QUICK 8IHPMKNTS of Finest Connecting with the Savannah Florida and Western! Railway (W'iycro: Short UR). o&er to the
On trial hi Pianos and Organs Direct to Your Homes Traveling: Public and Shippers advantages equalled by no other line.
{ jour borne Through Ticket and Bills of Lading issued to prmcipil points North, Hast and Northwest via
before From REV. JAS M POTTS, D. D.,editor: of Michigan 8a"annah.or information and rooms apply to
( paying for Christian Advocate. DetroitMich.: "To say that B. R. PRICK Soliciting Agent W. II LUCAS. FJ*. r.*.. Agent.,
,I Aildren them we are delighted with the Piano does not express 77Vest Bay Street. Jacksonville. 77 West B. y Street jifcekftoanil
the fact. We are jubilant If all your instruments R. I. WALKF.R, Agent, C. G. ANIJP.KSONae t,
I, Tho T. BEAVER Son Pianos & Organ* .are as fine in appearance and a*pleasing in tone as New Pier No. 35 North River, New York. City Exchange! Building. Savannah, Ga.
FALLS PA this one, your patrons will rise by the hundred." RICHARDSON & BARNARD Agents Lewis' Wharf. Boston.
From PROF. E. II. PECK, Valhermoso ftpnujr Ala.: "We could not be pleased better with W. I,. JAMES Agent 13 ". Third Street Philadelphia.
thtcasingortone| : quick in response and melodioys. In short \\carr highly l plea!!.<'d with the organ." J. D. IIAMIAGRN. IJaste-u Azent, Sav, Fla. & Western Ry. Co., 26-! Broidwray: N. Y.
t From U. D. GRIGGS.lair-.\"i1le. Ga.: "I am well pleased with the organ in rx-ery respect. It is A. De\V. SAMPSON: General Azent.V.. E. ARNOLD Gen Trav Pass Ajjt.. Jacksonville Fla.
air>'ou claim it to be." Washington St.. Roloton. W. II RflETT General' Agent
From Y M. C. A per J. G. COOLEY, Hill --boro N. C.: "The an give entire satisfaction. For Tickets! apply to S.. F. &. \\. Railway office. M; Bradway: New York.
livery! ore who has seen it is very much pleased with the instrument and the price on the same." .. --------------- ------
From BEN. F. STEELE! Prescot. Ark.: "My family is well pleaded ia every respect with the
)rgsu. how. yOU St 11 them so cheap is II wjiM.-' i D O you need stationery of any kind-paper.
pens and ink? If so, send to D-tCosta Pnat !:&ESICKY5I
I log and Publishing House, Jacksonville FlaW I I&rw1


INGOUTFITS ERFECTION I fit fi d3.Water.Gat.OH I LOOmfiG CHllDlirI

; BJ3 Prrtt..t [S Ditching Pump
S Lale.iln.pro "d "t.llilratu..t. you ElLSUPPLI Mi"i.Z *
aub5ect to SPASMS troubled watt
j I are mod likely
Llftilire Pumpinlr(b, iiqui.l avnmaticallT &*a will 1OO r-:"i. I'cr Hour. .m Vac*'/. Eacgcbpedia2Sm
t make the Little C.rra &D.I (i.rfl.ld KapM L Sprtrer. sad the \r..re", has.pray WellY rkJ.Aurora ilL UJOCUS The bt remedy for this i is the eembrepdd3.A.FAHHES'IOCK'SVERMWt1OE..
.
Bonle,moat eeonoBlcfcl tpray noztl la the wo'ld. AIM A HONe Power Sprayer at low price. I :I
I ? We ell 8ulpb U of Copper.! Paris Grrcn and London Purple a'wholecale prices Catakxne free write h-t3 S.CeNtit .CHICAGO.ILL. I Branch *. I. Been 60:fears In ass and never! f a pia. OtMerreparttcQlarly
.. ""*
addreu plainJy.ciTlng, .eunty.FIELD FORCE PUMP CO.t1t6 BrUUl...LOC :POKT.N.Y. ELM STR,.ET. DALLAS TEXAS. f that tt b-initial*ax*B.X thai aroldlnff lmltScati : >*

I .


I,



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520 FARMER,AND FRUITGROWER.rJuNE- 30, 1892

\


f .C11i71zL: A1/AIA -ME- \. FEll TILIZEIIS.XE) .



Blood and Bono, Chioa.go: : B one Meal: ,

Pure Fin.e Ground Bone, Dark and Bright Cotton. Seed IVIenl: .

and Potash Totoeiooo Stems,
.Arkimtal: : : : Bone ,
Blood, Bono and Potash, Canada Hard "VSTood\ Asl"1es,

P1IJrerized. Animal: Bono, Su.1phate: of Potash: &c. .

.,

''- FRUIT AND VINE, BEARING TREES,

ORANGE TREE FOOD, YOUNG TREES,

VEGETABLE AND POTATO GROWER.


GEO. E. WILSON, 50 West Bay Street, Jacksonville, Fla.


JOHN L. MARVIN, J. P. TALIAFERRO, YOU o...?\... isr SAVE MONEY
President. Vice-President.
d H.-T.: :BAYA, THOS. W. CONRAD, By Buying the FERTILIZERS that are Manufactured by the OLD ESTABLISHED
..jai. Cashier. Assistant Cashier.
.
and RELIABLE 1'IRM, The -
CflPITAIi $100,000.
.


.- THE MERCHANTS'' NATIONAL BANK, I L B. DARLING FERTILIZER CO..

.
JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA,
i OF PAWTUCKET, R. I.
_R'Respectfully solicits your, Deposits, Collections and General .
". '
"*':..* Banking Business. These FERTILIZERS are made especially for the .

*. ...,
-

CORRESPONDENCE INVITED. Orange, Vegetable and Pineapple Growers of Florida.

**

Southern Office and Warehouse at Jacksonville, Florida.

,. ... DIRECTORS I
John'L. Marvin, A. B. Campbell, Chas. Marvin, O. B. WEEKS, State Agent,
Jas. P. Taliaferro, T. W. Roby, Judge R. B. Archibald,
W.; B. Clarkson, C. B. Rogers, W. M. Davidson, No. 8 Bostwick Block.
Dr. H. Robinson. John E. Hartrldge.

TO ALL BUYERS
il? M.O e. ? Catalogue describing our Fertilizers:;, with prices and testimonials, sent free
c&.. ? OF upon application.

FANCY POULTRY. GI'VE ITS A. 'rLZIAL.:
_____
--- -
----- -- -
------- -
-
= ATTENTION
r
all fowls sent
r "' HEREAFTER by-express,
/. will go at one-half the. former
J rates-a great saving to my customers.
This is by special arrangement
iysiyr and is confined to BowkefsOrange
;' fowls from my yards.
We are the largest breeders ol
.1 thoroughbred poultry in Florida.
Come and see our stock or send
R for our illustrated catalogue and
price list of 14 varieties Grower.
2:.. Poultry supplies of all kinds.
+ Incubators and Brooders, Shell
r '. and Bone Mills, Clover Cutters.
jr .r Wire Netting,Desiccated Fish and
Blood and Bone to make
Boiled
r ,/ hens lay BRIGHT, FIRM FRUIT that holds on until it is

EGGS TO HATCH. ; a strong, healthy, vigorous growth of

T E. W. AMSDEN, both tree and fruit are the results reported by large

_w Ormond, FlaJFMusicalPcrfectkrn and experienced planters in Florida who are using

this popular Fertilizer. It supplies to the tree at the

_," A i1 proper tjme, in the proper form, and in the proper
\\rite us tEst I all the elements
0. proportions, to bring. perfect, healthy
Lowest New York Prices .
w maturity.
OF THE
S TEINWAY
BOWKER'S VEGETABLE GROWER and BOWKER'S TOBACCO
,, u ,, and take no other.
h'19 7 n di ''d d GROWER are also special complete Fertilizers,
... ,,;; Ulusiclanabout Ask any carefully and scientifically compounded for the purposes

-- Steinwny.We tho. mentioned,-and are extensively used in Florida. Bow- .
-KER'S SQUARE BRAND BONE AND POTASH is a happy

combination for those requiring these ingredients.
are Wholesale Southern Agents
Chemicals at market rates.
for these celebrated Instruments,and you can buy from us aa
easily, cheaply, and mall, Aek
safely by as in person.
Send for Illustrated Catalogue Free.
a ,
LUDDEN & BATES,'Savannah, Ga. ur

._- BOWKER FERTILIZER -l A. M. BOND, CEN'L AGENT, i

BOWLING GREEN ACADEMY. FR U I T EVAPORATOR THE ZIMMERMAN 3 COMPANY. J I JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA.reR .


ti A.chartered>n and mo-c. preparatory.. llealthrecord school of perfect.the highest Charges repnta'. Dlff.r nt tiiM and prieti.The Xll.Standard itrat.d Catalogue: Machine fr...
AddresaJubnllartM.A.G.ofVa.BowlingOre ,Va. I THE BLYHYJUi 1BOX WOIiKS CO..ClaelaaaU.O.



4: .. .' '. .<.. .1 ; 4

.- ."..".._" '. ...., '. .,7"" ',' '..,.. .