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UFPKY NEH LSTA SLAF



Florida farmer & fruit grower
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Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055765/00238
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: S. Powers
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: June 23, 1892
Frequency: weekly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note: Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038466
oclc - 01387403
notis - AKM6256
lccn - sn 95026761
System ID: UF00055765:00238
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen

Full Text
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TfLo RIDA DISPATCH



STABLISHED,


T 1 1869 i11J/VJWUcfl




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.' iu.&j1 J' Jh SEMI TROPI LO"; oJJIAI _.MAGAZINE'1 <,

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'\ CONSOLIDATED ,jf.oARY// 1889DACOSTA .
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& TOAVKKS' f., :KW SERIES
Proprietors. JACKSONVILLE, FLA., JUNE 23,,-1892. .,..-P"-ti.. .'t le No. 133O Vol. IV, No. 25.
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BLAKE &AGENTS RIPLEY, ORLANDO GRAPE AND FRUIT CO. Geo. S. Hacker & Son,

MANUFACTURERS OF
OFFER FOR SALE

FLORIDA FRUIT EXCHANGE, 15,000 SMOOTH CAYENNE PINEAPPLE PLANTS --.. -m-

57 CHATHAM ST., BOSTON. Imported direct from the Azores now ready for delivery. conJ =

Price Catalogues of weekly Bales furnisher IIAYNES, YOUNG & BAILEY, Superintendents, C.g .
on application. 0 P. O. Box 492. ORLANDO FLA. ..

O.W.BARJfETT. J. H.BAKNETT' -
.', ,_
ESTABLISHED 186! s
.A.BSOLU ELY PURE.HHstin .
0


BARNETT BROS.AGENTS, s' Improved( [Lapp e Purple e E ENow Plant o 1i y rAnd =c-


FLORIDA FRUIT EXCHANGE: oQ cg
Offered for the First Time Is Absolutely Pure. ..
Wholesale Commission, Fruits and Vegetables.
Prompt return*. Stencils on Seed of high vitality; plants strong, vigorous and thornless; fruit large; dark
application
,.w outh wat*'r street(PhlrA. rich purple color,;; entirely free from light streakseighs; 5 to 6 pounds each. Building Meterial.CHARLESTON .

PALMER, RIVENBURG&"CO., o A PERFECT VARIETY FOR THE SHIPPER OR FOR HOME USE.
S. C.
SUCCESSORS TO 0 Packet,10 cents; oz., 25 cents;'oz., 50 cents ; J lb., $1.75; lb., $6.00. ,

G. S. PALMER 'e. OUR 40-PAGE ILLUSTRATED CATALOGUE FREE.
1GG Jlearfe Street New }"or!:. BENTON & UPSON
H. G. HASTINGS I <& CO., .,
SOUTHERN PRODUCE A SPECIALTY.
: IM O R I T>A .
IN'reRLA,9HEN *> *
Orang6Iemons, Pineapples, and all other
Fruits and early truck, also dried fruits,nuts. ; tJACISor'1vIhILE, FI1A.,
furs,etc. 'i
AU consignments promptly remitted for',Stencils WE MAKE THEM !
,;It and market reports furnished free.' *
References Bradstreets,and established
: merchants IRRIGATING
a and banks of the South. WHAT, ARE THEY? .

..TflLLY. & CO., .
*' \ WIlOLESALn The Virginia Ventilated Fruit CarriersFOR MACHINERY


FRUITS AND PRODUCE.GENERAL EARLY TOMATOES, STRAWBERRIES, PEACHES, AND PLUMS. ,

... ,:To. 41-(I Baskets, three-quarter No. 34-1.0-quart gift crate. BO'X'H
Xo. 42-4 ft one-half nURhel'j No., -32- U U "
I MERCHANTS. ,Jo. 56-3 No. 30-32- standard crate.
.
COMMISSION ,
.
'Send for catologues,prices and samples. Steam and Horse Power.
218 King Street, Chattanooga,Tenn.
e =-- Consignments Solicited. ,SOUTH SIDE MFG. CO., Petersburg, Va.

.,

.AMERICAN EXOTic NURSERIES. 4eA: = a+ Southernmost Establishment in U. S: Pipe, Pipe Fitting, Brass

New, Rare and llltyant Plants of Every I ESTABLISHED 1883. Valve, Hose, Etc. ".
Description f tr
Y Rare new fruits;Shrubbery;Ornamental plants-Palms,Orchids,Ferns,
Palms, Orchids, Cacti and Bamboos. t / Bamboos,Cactus, Conifers,Aquatics. Stock safely shipped over the whole WRITE FOR ,ESTIMATES.

Shade and ornameatal trees and shrubs for South 3 world. Fine illustrated catalogue of 100 pages sent on receipt of ice. Clean,

( ern for lawns the and greenhouse gardens. or Choice conservatory.exotic plants %"St.,,,,_,'J? healthy stock. Low prices.iREASONER| FEARS FOR PROFIT IN THE SOUTH.

ORANGE AND LEMON TREESin BROS., Oneco, Fla.
ILLUSTRATED LIST FRIUtJENNINGS
all the leading varieties,budded from bearing.
.. trees on our own grounds and guaranteed NURSERY CO.,

: All the New-and true Desirable to name. Tropical JOHN CLARK SON & CO. THOMASVILLE, GA.
,
Fruits. Our 88 page Illustrated and Descriptive
'Catalogue for 1893 tells all about these things,and >Six days enrhci than
is sent free to applicants. Address any variety te.tN at I bAgricnitl
\ R. D. HOYT, Manager ha. GROCERS AND COMMISSION' MERCHANTS' CsW at Uc neva,Ex.N. Y.Qroneda Color)
Seven Oaks, greenish white pulp
tender, tweet and de-

POULTRY FOOD I IS. E-- -DEALERS IN- -- i that lirious.' ranks The and firttboibmearllnees ol11YIU'ape qualitf.

.
= Each; vine' sealed with

". :Coal, Hay, Grain, Wines, Liquors, Cigars, Tobacco, Etc. ',''rr" u mark our rertfteied label.' Send trade for
S. .
:& ,rcnlar' iviugiurdreu r Information. Agent wanted
,- 1fe: "-* StEPhLItO% Wl\5. New\ Canaan.cs.
JACKSlOh'VILLhr,: I LA.


Trade Mark. '. jFENCINQWIRE
;
HOLLIS' CANNED MEAT FOR POULTRY S. ::
Will:Mak Hens Lay I PRICE LIST OF WHISKEY. .. l;: ., RuPE SELV E.

Will Make Chickens Grow! Parker.....:..............................81 75 J.)Iartln Rye...........................83 00 d f V
'A. D GOOD FOR MOULTING FOWLS. Orange Valley... 2 00 Virginia Glades .............. ......... 4 00
This food is strictly fresh meat, carefully Spring Valley...... ...<<\............... 2 5O / Old Bourbon ............................ 5 00
North Carolina Cornt. 2 SO Kentucky Sour Marsh .... ............ 5 00
cooked. ground fine seasoned and hermetically Clifton Club ............ ............... Old Baker ................... ......... 5 00 r
sealed in 8-lb. cans. Being ground fine,it can Montrose Velvet................ 86 00 .
be readily mixed with soft food.and fed so as to
give each fowl an equal share. Price 30 cents Jugs Extra: One gallon, 25C.; two gallon,soc.; three gallon,7Sc. Remit by post office money
order,check or registered letter. We cannot ship C.O. D. to dry tcwns.A .
per can ; $3.0o per dozen. Address HOLLIS complete pnce list of Groceries and Wine List, cent free on application.
S. DRESSED MEAT & WOOL CO., 20 North, 'RABBIT & POULTRY FENCING.
Boston,Mass. [Mention paper.] : :)\'. JOHN 'CLARK, SON & CO. rrtuktr.i4. x xnxn worn WIRE rxscxco.ciucu Q1sM

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48-2 THE FLORIDA DISPATCH, FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. [JUNE 23,1892

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REASONS FOR SPRAYING TREES



r THE EUREK WITHINSBCTICID&



_

It will destroy the SPIDER which is causing the fruit and leaves to drop and -
x in many cases killing the limbs.It .

will kill the MOVING SCALE. This is the hatching period and now is the time to spray. ..

It will destroy the RUST MITE, of which Hubbard found 60,000 on a single leaf, thereby saving. the cost of feeding such an enormous -
mass of insect life, and by their destruction secure bright fruit. .

It will not only prevent the oranges from rusting, but give them color
a bright, sparkling that can be obtained in no other way.
It will cure FOOT ROT and prevent infection and spreading. .
.
It will destroy FUNGUS and LICHEN GROWTH, giving the trees a healthy appearance. -
,
It will, as Mr.Axline (Axline & Markely, Cincinnati) says, return you ten dollars for every one that it will cost. _

APPLICATIONS MUST BE THOROUGH AND AS OFTEN AS ONCE A MONTH.

OneQuart, in 50 Gallons of Water is Sufficient. Spraying Outfits in Great Variety at Manufacturers' Prices. w

.
E. BEA.J."V :, Jo.oltson.villo: I i>i.

.

: SULPHUR SOLUTION

(INSEjCTICII>Ej)

Is tr t most effective compound yet discovered for destroying the insects infesting the orange tree, and is a sovereign

remedy fji .the various forms of fungi on trees and plants. Being free from all substances of a caustic, corrosive or pois-

onous na''UI e, it can be handled with perfect safety to the person, and applied to the trees at any stage of growth without
injury.

This insecticide been used by some of the largest orange growers in the State during the past two .years, and has .
given perfect satisfaction. References furnished on application.For .

Rust Mite use one quart to fifty gallons of water. When used at this strength the trees should be sprayed for

the Rust Mite twice a month through the season. Where labor constitutes the principal item of expense in spraying trees

it is better and cheaper to use the Insecticide at full strength, viz.: One gallon of solution to 50 gallons of water, as the '
fumes: from the Insecticide will kill the Rust Mite even if the solution should not happen to touch them. In using the t

Insecticide at this strength it will save three.or four sprayings through the season, thereby reducing the cost from one- .
. third to one-half.: This is an Advantage Possessed by no Other Preparation of Sulphur. If used in this manner it
will also kill the other insects that,may be moving on the trees.

For Red Spider and Scale, use one gallon to fifty gallons of water. General directions for using sent on application.
Price 20c. Per Gallon in barrels. If there is in
no agent your vicinity, write for price delivered. .
Spraying Apparatus furnished to our customers at cost.
__

MASTER & MILLER, San Mateo and Citra, Fla. :;4;.



SAVANNAH, FLORIDA & WESTERN RAILWAY

J
AND -

$J. THE ... FLORIDA .;. DISPATCH ... LINE &I : _

WITH THE MAGNIFICENT CONNECTIONS. .

The Great Fast Express Freight System of the South!


The attention of shippers is directed to the Plant S. S.Line between Havana, Key West and Tampa, and South Florida Railway between Tampa and Sanford;S., F.&W. Ry.between Jacksonville,
Gainesville.Bainbridge, River Junction and Savannah;Savannah and Charleston,and Ocean Steamship Line between Savannah, Philadelphia,Boston and New York, and Merchants and Miners
Transportation Company between Savannah and Baltimore. The best equipped, fastest and most prompt lines between all points in Florida and all points North and Northwest.
Receivers and Shippers Will Profit by the Following Unparalleled Connections:
*.. SOUTH J10 UYD. SOUTH J10 i1XD. .
Savannah.Double daily fast freight service for all points West via Albany, Jesup, Bainbridge and Double daily fast freight service from all points North and West via Albany, Bainbridge,Jesup
and Savannah to all points in Florida; fast freight trains both via Gainesville,
Daily fast freight all rail connection via the Atlantic Coast Line to all Eastern, Interior and han and Live Oak. Jacksonville,Calla-
Coast points,including New York Boston,Philadelphia,Baltimore,Washington and Providence. Four ships a week by the fleet steamships pf the Ocean Steamship
Mondays Four,connections Wednesdays a, Fridays week for and New York via Ocean Steamship 'Company, leaving Savannah York(New Pier 35.North River,)direct for Savannah Monday,Wednesday Company,Friday, sailing and Saturday.from New
Two connections a week for Baltimore Saturdays.,via Merchants' and Miners' Transportation for The Savannah Boston and Savannah Steamship Company's steamers will leave Boston Tune z,9,16,23 and /
Company
leaving Savannah every Wednesday and Saturday. 30 points in Florida.direct making connection on the dock at Savannah. with fast freight trains for all

2,9,Connections 16,23 and 30.Connections.for Boston via Boston and Savannah Steamship Company, leaving Savannah June from From regular Philadelphia sailing day via via Ocean New Steamship York to Savannah.Co.,leaving Philadelphia June 6,JG,26,every five days
for Philadelphia every ten days via Ocean Steamship Company, leaving Savannah From Baltimore via Merchants and Miners'Transportation Co., Tuesday and '
June t ii,21.Sailing every Friday.
for making close connection with S.,F.&W. Ry,for all points in Florida.
days Steamships are subject to change without notice.

The Florida Dispatch Line Is the quickest and best freight route from all points North, East and West to Florida. For full particulars, rates,stencils and shipping
receipts apply to any agents of the above lines, or to
war. P. IIARDIIE: Gen'l Freight Agent, Savannah, Ga.
Q.:D. OWENS,Traffic Manager,Savannah, Ga. F. B. PAPV,Asst.Traffic Manager, Savannah, Ga. W. 31. DAVIDSON, Gen'l Passenger Agt..JacksonvllleVFIa. '." '
J. P. JORDAN Tray '.
Agent Qulncy. J. E. DRAYTON, Tray.. Agent,Jacksonville. ,...
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82.OO PER YEAR] JACKSONVILLE. JUNE 23, 1892. F82.OO PER YEAR

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skin and placed carefully one of the It may appear strange to some readers I 10 boxes oranges at $1.00 $10 00
C lfOlle and Orchard baskets and when full were carried to that while a neighbor's fancy, packedin Freight, "all rail," $7 70

the packing house. They were then the old way, netted but 30 to 36 Cartage . 50
assorted into two bins. If an orange cents, these oranges, sold at the same Commission . i 00-9 20
RAMBLING DOTS FROM A RAMBLING
showed any sign of a bruise, soft time, netted $1.40 to $1.50. They

PEN. spots, creased, thorn holes, stem goneor sold in Baltimore while the glut was Enclosed (stamps). . 80

How to Sell Oranges.-No. 3. hard spots on the skin they were on at $2.25, and in New York at $2.25to The above is a copy of returns from

In No. Rural told of the reckless put into the cull bin. All free from $2.50, "the extreme of the market." ten boxes of choice brights, and it
2
in which these blemishes, no matter what color, When a man is getting the top notch was not an unusual return for last
their manner for some men prepare fancy, bright or russets, were put together for his oranges he would .be a donkeyto season. In this case the railroads got
market. It
products was not
in another bin. They were kick.
the first time this journal has lent its nearly eight-tenths of the proceeds,
all handled as carefully as not and low
influence to remedy the evil. The eggs the price of the fruit was occasioned -
one allowed to drop an inch nor per- by the delay on the route.
progressive men in the indus- Rural has no orange boxes for sale,
orange
mitted to tumble or roll out of the
try have, with a large degree of un basket the culls.Atthecommencement no wrappers to dispose of, no royaltiesto
not even
selfishness, urged a reform in this im. let; he is talking out of pure love for Our oranges should be sold at

portant department. It may be that the industry. He has had the privilegeof home, in grove, or at the stationat
such talks will have but little, perhaps, of the season examining the returns of the oranges the farthest; the grower ought not
no effect toward bringing about a reform the oranges remained in the bins two described. Every one had a to be compelled to send his fruit a
of this kind. We find shiftlessmen days (after January i, only one day); note accompanying it speaking in the thousand miles away to parties he has
in every branch of commerce, in they are taken out of the bin one at a most complimentary terms of the condition never seen, and between whom thereis
every business and profession, and it time and minutely examined; if thereis of the fruit. Wright & Long, no union of feeling or interest. Two

should not be surprising that the no evidence of decay they are of Baltimore, wrote: "You raise nice years ago it looked as though our desires -
orange industry had some, but to have brushed with a palmetto brush, not fruit and it was well handled." Wm. were to be fulfilled. Buyers .

more than its proportion is a source of roughly but gently and industriously, Baker, same city: "Your oranges came flocked to our settlements and bought

regret, perhaps misfortune, as through until all the smut, dirt, scale and as in Saturday morning. The fruit was much of the crop on the trees or at the
their shiftlessness the whole industrymust much of the rust as possible are re well packed and in good condition. depot: ; but last year was a singularone
suffer more or less. moved. No .water is used, as they Closed them out at once at top of the ; there was such an abundance of
must be thoroughly dry to put on a market." French & Co., New York: fruit in every section of the land as to

In the past when our were polish. They look, when completed, "Your oranges took the extreme of promise a glut in every market. This
few and the demand large oranges, "Floridas" as though they had been oiled; and the market." Other extracts more flat- discouraged the previous buyers, and

commanded a high price. Then these they had, the orange furnishing the tering are too long to copy but they all they withdrew, and we had to go backto
careless fellows made a good living, oil themselves. They are put into go to prove that it pays to take pains the old ways of shipping. But
which was, and is, the extent of their baskets and run through the sizer into with your fruit. The best of the culls hope is big that the coming season,
desires. The field now before them is baskets well padded and then taken to were cleaned much in the same way, and seasons yetto* come, will find
changed. The demand has changed the packer, who does the most particular sold to local buyers or near-by markets markets established in every orange
it has become educated and the mar-; part of the work. The packer and thought to have paid the entire growing settlement, where growerscan
ket now demands "the best in the takes a wrapper and places it in his expense of picking and packing the sell their oranges in bulk.

shop." So he who would receive a right hand with one corner towardshis crop.
reward for his labor body; the orange is placed in the
must labor hard Rural has said that after the orangesare
and show by his works that he has center with stem up. The corner of Having the oranges raised, pickedand packed the greatest difficulty pre-

done so intelligently, or in the slang of the wrapper towards the body is car- packed, now comes the labor of sents itself. A man may know howto
the street "he will get left." Our or- ried up over the orarge; then the getting them to the consumer. We grow oranges, how to prepare and

anges in their prime are the best in the right and left corners are brought up raise more oranges than we can consume pack them, but when it comes to sell.
and
held
in
the thumb then
world. We should make them lookso. place by notwithstanding we take our ing them he is "up the stump." The
We must make them as good: the corner farthest off is brought over own medicine in large doses, so we transportation business is the first ob-
the and the end stuck
looking as possible; attractive, so attractive top in the loop must send them elsewhere and createa stacle; it rises like a great wall. He
as to tempt the purchaser, or and made with by the right and left corners, market if there is none already es cannot go under it; he cannot go
a movement of thumb and
make a purchaser where there was a tablished. Now comes up the transportation through it; he must go over it, or
the
finger "strap" is drawn tight and
doubt before. Our oranges must put question, and as Rural has not go at all; that is, there is only
the is in from I.
on their best suit, clean and bright and orange a perfect pocket, had some experience, he can say, one way, and one way is never a
which it'
shiny, like Shakespeare's schoolboy'sface. time there cannot is sufficient get out, at the same the without making any apology, that the choice. When we take into consider-
If we can tempt the eye the paper over present service is too expensive, too ation the immense quantity of the
palate will put up with some disappointment stem to should prevent it it injuring in another This slow and always unsatisfactory. The product, the ease with which it can be
yet, one could hardly be orange come contact. Florida Fruit Exchange's report gives handled, one would think that the
disappointed with a Florida orange.I may appear to be a tedious job. Of the gross average of sales for 1891-2, rate should be low, and the service
knew a man who had a crop of course it cannot be done so rapidly as just closed. at $1.88, the net average first-class, but it is not. A freight
fair oranges-they were not extra, too the everlasting twist, but if one will $1.11. This is a fair example, be- schedule is not governed by any busi-
it for while
and how
practice a see
many russets, too many large sizes, cause the Exchange sold much of its ness rule, nor by any principle recog-
the come out of the box it is I
to command a big or even a fair price. oranges fruit to nearby States and always nized by commerce or the laws of ex
They were of fine flavor because he other not likely he will ever go back to the secured the lowest freight rates possi- change. If this is true, and true it is,

had potashed his grove during the style. ble. Yet, under these very favorable a freight schedule must be built on

rainy season, but, as said before, they circumstances, it cost 77 cents per one of three things: speculation, extor-
were off color and off size. He The oranges are packed as fast as box to get our oranges into the handsof tion or swindle. Come to second

bought the best boxes that could be they are wrapped, gently pressed- the dealers. Or, perhaps it wouldbe thought, it may be based upon all
procured and had them made up in packed, and as many put in the box better to say we give two-fifths of three. RURAL.
the best possible manner. He also as it will hold. It maybe 159 of 1505 our products for disposing of the re-I| I
purchased 100 half.bushel market bas- or it may be if some are flat, 169. mainder. But this is when the con- ,j FOR DYSl'EPM *,
kets, with handles. They cost $6 per These oranges were not sorted as to signments are averaged. What shall Indigestion, and Stomach dIu>M.te,use

- 100. The oranges were clipped as color; some were fancy, .some were the luckless grower, who has such a'.I' AU dealers nnowx's keep It,IRON$1 per bottle.BITTERS.Genuine nu
close as possible without injuring the bright, but the majority were russets. return as this, say ? trade-mark and crossed red lines on wrappu.LORIDADISPATCH. .



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484 THE FLORIDA DISPATCH, FARMER, AND FRUIT-GROWER. f JUNE 23,1892


CLEAN CULTURE and weeds during wet weather and I of water "seeping" from a lower to a I barrel of the Eureka insecticide; am
turn them under to enrich the soil higher level. Where very deep fur- not able'to report the difference in results
i
Is the Boat System in Making a would seem to be all l right, but as we rows were plowed out and water ap as yet.
Grove. are liable to have several weeks of dry peared in them, these men thought We had a heavy shower last week;
Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: weather during the summer you can without proper reflection that the I am quite sure six inches of rain fell
I have often heard said: "There's never know when a drought is comingtill water arose from still lower down. in two hours. My trees are still
many ways to skin a cat," but the cat you have it, and then the harm is This remark was repeated in many white, but "no flies on them." The
is nowhere to be compared with the : done. It seems to me what we wantis places and is what I understand is smut instead of being dry, feels soapy,
great number" of ways "to raise an or- a machine to pulverize and grindup meant by "seeping." When we add and is gradually disappearing; the
ange grove, and many seem to be muck, wire grass, pine leaves, or the notions of thousands! who always leaves look glossy and I expect soon
successful, although apparently work anything that will furnish humus for insist on planting certain things in to see a vigorous new growth; and I
ing in opposite directions. Either the the soil, then sow it broadcast in your the "light of the moon," and othersin i hope with one or two more sprayingsto
orange tree has more lives than the grove, and with a fair amount of com- the "dark of the moon," one is at get rid of the cause of the fungusor
cat or it would have got discouragedlong mercial fertilizer and thorough culti a loss which to look to for relief, the smut. Should those flies return
ago. vation from January i to October i, schoolmaster or the fool-killer. now they would have hard work to
It seems to me if writers were more the trees would have all they would W. E. DRISCOLL. tell an orange tree when they see it.
particular to explain all the circumstances require to insure a good growth. Manatee. Oranges have dropped badly in this
and environments, we mightbe The objection to filling your grove section. One neighbor remarked
better able to understand the appar- with coarse trash is the difficulty in Spraying the Orange Trees. three weeks ago: "My oranges have
ent contradictions. from fires Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower:
cultivating properly danger
stopped dropping-there are no moreto
We want to know what county, and time required to get in conditionto We thank you and the other papersof drop." C. A. BACON.
quality of land, what fertilizer used, hold the moisture and furnish food the State for the kind words spokenof Number Nine, Ormond, June 6,'92.
when and how condition of in ction with 1 t
applied, which the trees can appropriate to us connl the late meet
weather, when and how cultivated; age : their use. ing of the Horticultural Society at our Splitting and Dropping.Editor .
of trees, etc. What we want is not R. J. WRIGHT. place. I fear our people did not fully Farmer and Fruit-Grower:
only the truth, but the whole truth. Tangerine, Orange County. realize whom they were to entertain, I would like to give a little of my
One makes a success by plowing in .-*-1 and if they could do it over again, limited experience on the subject. It
green grass and weeds. Another Mulching and "Scalding." would do it much better. Tell Maj. seems to be natural for the fruit on
wants it dry. One mulches with pine Editor Farmer and Fi uit-Grower: Healy not to forget the next meeting almost all seedling orange trees to splitto
straw, brush, rotten weeds, etc. Some In a recent conversation with an is at Pensacola next April. : a t greater or less extent at least for
plow once a year, others two or three orange grower, generally consideredwide The members of the Society who I the first few years of bearing, and they
times, while others cultivate their awake on common subjects, he visited Number Nine saw a sight. In seerp to split more on trees growingon
groves twelve months of the year. said mulching must be removed rom my article on Ornamentals at the hammock land than on trees grownon
One claims that clean culture impoverishes around orange trees in the rainy sea- meeting one year ago, I advocated pine land.
the land; another that growing son, otherwise the roots of the trees color, and quoted Beecher thus: "A On my father's place, where we
crops and grass injure the trees. One would "scald." I notice the remark piece of color is worth as much as a have seedling trees and budded trees
claims turning under green grass and because it is a very common one, piece of bread," but I did not expect of several varieties (including seedlings
weeds give the trees the "die-back;" and illustrates how glibly terms may the fates were going to take me at my budded on to seedlings) in bearing, I
another that it is caused by using nitrogenous be used without half the thinking that word so soon and paint my orange think I can safely say that, for two
manures; others claim that should be done. The whole idea is leaves black. But they did, or else it years, one dozen oranges would cover
hardpan and standing with roots in an absurdity, and is a reflection upon was the little pinkish-white fly. The the loss from splitting on nine or ten
water is the cause. Many claim if the the intelligence of such as use the week of the meeting there were mil- budded trees, while nearly or quite
soil is left bare and exposed to the hot term. lions of them on my trees, especiallythe half the oranges on the seedling trees
sun in the summer, it will burn up There is no such thing as scaldingof Mandarin trees. The next weekI split and dropped each year, and for
and lose its fertility by exhalation.I plants in water heated only by the mobilized my forces, got out my size of top the budded trees were
wish to offer a few extracts from sun. Water always lowers the tem- hose cart, opened six kerosene barrels, much the fuller of fruit.I .
the opinion of Professor Johnson, of perature of sand or soil. In excess- also four pounds pulverized sulphurand would like to hear the experienceof
Yale College. He says: "Clean cultivation ively wet weather in the Northern one barrel concentrated lye, others on this subject.
doubtless tends to facilitate States plants exhibit exactly the same added enough water to slack lime and JOSEPH AV. CARSON.
exhalation and loss of organic matter, appearance when the weather is quite boil furiously, then filled barrels with Midland, Polk County... ..
especially fresh or recently living or- cold. Even then the unthinking callit water and stirred. I also had ready -+
ganic matter. Loss of organic "scalding." It is not in either case, several barrels of air-slacked lime. I Pear Blight
matter does not necessarily involve I but drowning by excess of water. had been told that air-slacked lime A pear tree should always be buddedon
exhaustion; the substances lost are Then the idea of mulching trees would remove the smut from the a. good pear seedling. We com-
mostly carbon and hydrogen, whichare and pulling away this covering in a leaves; we believe in heroic treatment. mence budding pears the first of June
amply furnished to vegetation by June or July sun may seem wise to When all was ready, we marchedout and the work must be pushed if thereare
air and water." some, but not to others. Opponentsof in grand procession, with fire in many to bud, as June and July are
.The air and water should be furnished mulching complain that when it our eyes and sulphur in the barrel, the best growing months. If you see
in abundance I think most rots the roots are left unprotected. when, lo, there was hardly "pink- brown spots coming on them during
all will admit that a light loose surface How much more to pull it away with ish white .fly" to be seen in any of my these two months, look out for blight.
soil will be in better condition for circulation out the gradual process of decay, trees. We could not account for it Throw some mulch of old straw or
of air and also less loss of allowing the roots to become accus- unless they had smelt sulphur and hay around each tree, and also one or
water under clean cultivation, than tomed to slight covering and also to "lit out." However, we had come two buckets of. water. Don't give
with a growth of grass or weeds, and send down feeders to deeper soil. In out to spray, and paint the trees white, them any more water. If they are
that all growing crops should be kept the southern part of the State mulch and have our choice of color. not too far gone they will soon start
clear of weeds. Surely if you are ing is good the whole year round. In One man at the pump and one up and grow as they did before and
growing orange trees that is the cropto the northern part of the orange belt it with the twenty-five feet of hose wet look healthy il). Never trim a pear
be protected. Again, Prof. Johnson may not be so good on account of trunk, branches, underside and top tree nor plow or dig around them, but
says : "It has been shown that frost. of leaves. Number three followed up let them grow wild, as it is a great:
the loss of water by evaporation, froma Piling any kind of mulch againstthe with pail of dry-slacked lime, and with preventive against blight. Some va-
soil covered with growing grass, was base of a tree is another piece of the hand dusted the leaves while wet.I rieties are more apt to blight than
nearly two and one-half times greater foolishness. It always should be in a was Number three the first half day others.-Ohio Farmer.
than that lost from the naked soil, also circle according to size of the tree and and quit. My wife did not know me.I .
that loss of water from a soil perfectly amount of material available. It did not know myself. The next dayI Over 1,000 crates of vegetables.
stirred (or hoed) was but fourfifthsof should be at the extremity of the let the boy try the dry lime; at passed; out from this point yesterday
that from the same soil with a com- main portion of the roots. night he did not say a word; he over the Savannah, Florida and Western -
pact surface." Assuming the above Another absurdity is to call the could'nt.Ve quit the dry lime busi-- railroad. This is the heaviest
authority to be correct, does it not base of a tree the "crown." When ness, and instead stirred the liquid in shipment ever made from Gainesville
suggest the following ideas : That crowns are worn on the feet will be the barrels a little as we dipped out; at this season of the year over this
clean culture is necessary during dry time enough to call the foot of a tree it answered the same purpose, paintedthe road.-Gainesville Sun.
weather to save the water, is advan- the crown. How does "foot-rot in trees white. I filled the barrelsup We are safe in saying that there will
tageous in wet weather to keep the the crown" strike a man who only with clear water and dipped off be a tremendous big crop of guavas
soil loose and m condition to absorb understands English? three times; adding half a pound con- this year. The trees are loaded with
the carbon from the atmosphere. The I have known men who were quite centrated lye each time.I bloom and young fruit, with here and
practice of letting a grove run to grass intelligent in a general way who spoke will here state that I used one there a ripe one.-Fort Myers Press.



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JUNK 23, 1892] THE FLORIDA DISPATCH, FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. 485

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IRRIGATION-No. 4. ance of the plantation shows how on a bench or a trestle, playing into three elements. This would throw out

gratefully the trees absorb the mois- the air. If he dropped it even a half- of the discussion all those that are

Some Examples in Practice. ture and put forth their best efforts in minute on the ground the water could merely phosphatic manuresthosemade

Near Tavares is the noted orange response to this generous treatment. bore a hole in the ground and expose from bone black only, or from

grove and plantation ((The Palms) The power used may appear larger the roots of some tree in bad fashion. phosphate rock or Thomas slag, as

owned by Mr. Andrew Muir, of Lon than necessary, but to gain the eleva- If this nozzle could be furnished these contain phosphoric acid only.It .

don, England, and managed by tion required and to overcome the with a stop cock, to shut off the jet would throw out also another class

Messrs. R. and H. M. Frith. The friction demands it, and the suggestion during the transfer from one tree to which popularly go under the name

grove contains 155 acres, set with of some that a 40 horsepowerboiler another, it would be a good mechanism of "phosphate," though while they

6,000 citrus trees, 700 peach trees, five would be sufficient does not for scrubbing tree-trunks. contain phosphoric acid as their prin-

acres of guavas, a mile of lime hedge, prove true in practice.The But it seems a waste of time to havea cipal ingredient they also contain

300 assorted plums, 700 grapevines, pipes are buried from eight to man's whole time taken up with a nitrogen. This would include all represented -

8,000 nursery trees, with palms and twelve inches under the surface of the single jet, when with the system of by unburnt lime onlyassuch

other trees in great variety, etc. This ground, and yet when the water issues stand-pipes or sprinklers described in contain, with phosphoric acid,

rove is furnished with an immense from the hydrant it is decidedly hot. the second article of this series, ten, three or four per cent of nitrogen.The .

irrigating plant which cost $16,000.The A PLANT AT CITRA. twenty or thirty jets might be runningat ] question, therefore, resolves

entire place cost about $350 per once. itself into this : why not use any com-
Mr. A. S. hells, to irrigate a grove .
acre, or over $50,000. plete fertilizer (one containing phos-
of deal less I
THE IRRIGATING PLANT. 130 acres He, went to a good from Cincin Ruby Orange and Belair Lemon. phoric acid, potash and nitrogen) for

expense. procured I learn from your paper that the all crops? If we compare any com-
is house with its
First the engine nati a 20 horse-power engine with two
Ruby received favorable men plete fertilizer with barn manure
we
two long funnels from the two forty ten inch cylinders and placed it in a orange
tion at your citrus fairs at Colton and shall find, though both contain the
horse-power boilers whence comes the house the
near margin 01 Orange Los Angeles, and being the first to introduce three essential elements, that the fer-
power for working the large Washington Lake. A ditch was cut into the laketo
it under that name, and think- tilizer contains them in a far more concentrated -
duplex pump, which takes the wa- unobstructed flow of
procure an
ing that perhaps some of your readers form, and, as a rule, in a
from the canal from the lake
ter dug water, and at the inner end this
like know what I of soluble condition. We shall
might to thought more
and forces it through five miles of ditch flumed and three mesh wire
was
it then and I take the of find also that the which
now, liberty nitrogen,
pipes that run through the whole plan in intervals strain
screens put at to out
writing. This is what we said of it at may be called the stimulating element,
tation. Attached to the pump is a the trash. This water seems to be '
that time : is at times present in excess of the
Fisher so that if by it is found scale the
not
governor, stoppageof very pure; to "
The of acid whereas in
Ruby-A new su- phosphoric
orange ; average
a or vice versa if the boilers but little.
hydrant press- very
perior quality found in my collectionof barn manure it is in the same propor-
ure is increased or decreased the
gov- PIPES. imported varieties. In the absenceof tion. Again, we shall find that in
ernor acting automatically contractsthe
The main pipe is five inches in di- any other name have called it the other formulas the nitrogen is doublethe
at once leaving the en-
gineer pressure free to attend to, his boiler. The ameter and the laterals three inches, Ruby. Many competent judges have quantity of potash these contain ;

inside measurement, all the pipes be- pronounced it unequalled by any yet whereas in barn: manure they are
is i83 xioj/xio( with a
pump capac ing fe inch thick and made of steel. tested. Tree of strong, vigorous nearly equal.
ity of gallons a minute or
750 125 The five inch main runs along some- growth and nearly thornless; fruit me- But what is the most essential difference -
of gives strokes
pounds pressure, 125 what parallel with the lake, and from dium in size, 176 to 200 to the box; of all is that whereas the nitro-
and that is 875 gallons a minute but
; this the laterals take the water out, roundish, skin very thin and smooth, gen in the barn manure becomes
if it can work to
gallons necessary a minute., The size up of the 1,000 suc- conveying it up the gentle slope into pulp in March and April shows rows slowly available, a portion of it not

the heart of the grove. of ruby red. The fruit was gathered being plant food before the second or
tion is 8 inches discharge inches
inches; exhaust 7 ; The distances between the laterals at this time, but from all appearancesit even third year, all the nitrogen in all
storing pipe
inches. 3 ; 334 and between the hydrants along on would have remained on the trees fertilizers in which the phosphoricacid

I the laterals (we forget the exact fig- months longer in good condition. 1 I has been made soluble become

PIPING. ures) are so arranged that the hose at- believe it destined to be one of the wholly available the first season.

The main pipe consists of 900 feet tached to each hydrant will water a most popular oranges yet introduced." With these facts before us .we havean

of 8-inch, 800 feet of 7-inch and 600 square section like one of the blockson After growing and fruiting it for explanation: of the fact that thoughwe

feet of 6 inch, or 2,300 feet in all. a checker-board. At the end of seven years, it has proved to be more may use the same barn manure for

From this main pipe are eleven sideor each hose there is a brass nozzle terminating than I then claimed for it. The tree all our crops, the same rule cannot be

branch pipes on the east, in all 13,. in an inch orifice, which is vigorous, hardy and very prolific, applied to fertilizers, because these

200 feet of 4 inch pipe; also, a branch throws a straight jet, and into this ori- and a regular bearer. Many are vary more in their composition, are

pipe to the hammock on the west, fice can be screwed a still smaller planting large groves to this variety likely to contain a greater excess or

1,300 feet, and two short pipes 4-inch sprinkler for more delicate work. alone. Any one who has a grove of deficiency of some one element than

and three short 3-inch pipes, the whole FORCE OF THE WATER. this variety will have something they occurs in barn manure, while the

being 29,500 feet, or too feet over five Of will be pleased to look at, and will get stimulating element, nitrogen, is al-
this is
course, one instance of
miles. There in all
are 1,500 pieces from. Be that more available and
some money sure you ways consequentlymore
direct and it
pressure, was found to be
weighing 78,500 pounds; 7,500 bolts distance get the genuine, as I find there are active in its effects on the growing -
the of
At
great. a
were used to put them together.The very blood A good illustration of the
many common oranges being crop.
of mile
quarter a from the the
pipes are the spiral riveted iron in pump thrown on to the market called Ruby difference will be found when com-
nozzle the hands of a stout
piping, and are thoroughly tarred in- negroit that are nothing like the above.I paring the legume crops (beans, peas,
( required a stout one to it)
side and out. The whole has been .manage first sent buds to the firm of Frost etc.,) with the vine crops (squash, cucumber -
was throwing a powerful jet fully sixty
retarred outside when put down. Theyare & Burgess of Riverside, and have also etc.) The fertilizer that
feet high, we should judge, quite over-
tested to 300 pounds, but in prac- sold them a great many trees of this would give us an excellent yield of
leaping the heads of the palmettoesand
tice never exceed 200 pounds.On variety. Those buying of them will squash would turn our beans into
sweeping well toward the
each acre is a two and a half crown of one of the enormous up oaks in be very sure to get the genuine Ruby.I mere vines and leaves, would makeour
inch rose valve hydrant, 150 in all. in bush varieties
the like see your paper of March 19th yield runners almost -
: grove. A jet this will cut the
They cost $1,000. They were made that the Belair Premium lemon is as long as pole beans and leavesas
blossoms out of a tree and even the
by Chaplin, of Boston, and are set in and this spoken of as being twice the size of the big as ladies' ferns, with but a few
leaves tremendous is
the pipe at an angle of 45, with one what ;renders this form of sprinkler power Villa Franca. I would say that I )ods.-J. J. GREGORY, in N. E.

and three-eighths hose attached and have them for several farmer.
together -
grown years
in the hands of careless
objectionable a
with fifty feet of hose. With only one and that I have found but '

man ten acres a day can be irrigated darkey.At i very little, difference in quality of fruit. . . "
thoroughly.AMOUNT a word from Mr. Kells the Tk smallest Pill in the World
Both fine.-R. W. PIERCE
are very ,
@
nozzle-holder slowly felt his way down :

OF WATER NEEDED PER ACRE. from the top of the trees with his jet, 1 in Riverside Press., o Tull's Tiny Pills:

Lieut. Franklin calculated that nine so as not to allow it to plow through
Why Not Use the Same Fertilizer are very small,yet posseuall! the rlr-
thousand gallons an acre once a week the head of some tree; then with a etue.ofthe larger TuU'. Pills whlehe
during a drouth would make the whole sudden thrust he swept it under a tree for All Crops? been*o popi air for thirty years.
Their size and
sugar-coating com-
place sufficiently damp to keep the and full against its trunk like a batter- If we-use the same barn manure for mend them for the use of children tit

trees and shrubbery growing contin- ing-ram, ripping off the moss and ill crops, more or less of it, why not and per.ol1lwlth weak stomach For

ually. The hose commands a spaceof lichens with the effectiveness of a palmetto 1 use more or less of the same fertilizers ? Sick Headache e

400 feet square; they throw the scrubbing brush in soap and \ barn manure contains all the three A they are inral nable as they cans the

spray nearly one hundred feet further elements essential for plant food, viz., lilt:3!! and food pass to assimilate off naturally nourish without the nausea body.A,

and almost to that sand.When wishes acid and n.or griping. Both sizes of Tntt's PilU
height, whence it the nozzle-holder to potash: phosphoric nitrogen, HP are sold by all druggist*. Do**small.M
falls broken by the pressure, like rainor change the hose to another hydrant, our question can fairly refer only to Price,23c Office,3tt Park Place,N.Y.ee.e.e.

a heavy spray. The fine appear- he has to leave the nozzle leaning up such; fertilizers as also contain these _





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4S6 THE FLORIDA DISPATCH, FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. [JUNE :23' ; 1892

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.ftJil\y'El\] [ k) tfllEl\ fertility, is soon produced, and the Haymaking vs. Fodder Pulling. I Cotton requires such close and late

- land isj pidly improved.In The best or at least the most sug- I cultivation as to destroy it, to a very

THE BEGGARWEED proof of these claims, which may gestive work which has been done at large extent. The system of cultivating -

seem exaggerated, I will state, what the Florida Experiment Station has corn so largely practiced in Flori-

As a Land Renovator, and a For- the experience of hundreds of our been in the line indicated by the da, that is, in working it every twentyone -

age Crop. farmers will verify, that land so poor above heading. As the director has days, thus making the last plowing

Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower. that it would noc produce over six solicited the co-operation of the farmers in June, has the same effect and is

Whether, the beggar weed is indi bushels of corn to the acre at the timeit in working for the solution of this beyond doubt injurious to hay, the

genous to Florida, or was brought here was first seeded with beggarweed, problem, and as the time for harvestis last cultivation killing the grass. Pas-

in seeds or fertilizers in the early settlement will, if planted for several consecutiveyears near at hand, we condense from his turing stock in fields in the fall is also

of the State, I cannot say in the same crop, increase its last year's report some ideas and results damaging to it. Doubtless every farmin

positively; but as I have noticed an- yield to twelve or fifteen bushels per : the State, from the smallest to the

other variety of it in the forests- acre, without the application of any EFFECT OF PULLING THE CORN LEAVES. greatest, has meadow or special spots

where it could hardly have been fertilizer whatever. Of course, this The pulling of fodder, as to its effecton from which enough hay can be mowedto

brought I am inclined to the former effect would be greatly hastened and the grain and the yield, was tried run it, but then by care the corn

opinion. increased by using some form of fer- again this year. On the zest of July, fields can be used for this purpose.

My\ acquaintance with it began in' tilizer in connection. late for pulling fodder by two weeks, There are parts of the station that

boyhood; it was then as now a fea- .. ITS PROPAGATION. one tenth of an acre of bottom land, I two years ago were utterly useless for
ture of the landscape in Middle Florida where the fodder was drier, but hay. The small red stem or

; a waving sea of green, coveringthe This weed is easily propagated by thicker and heavier, was pulled. It "POOR MAN'S "
corn fields in the late summer, first sowing the seed on corn land WEED,
weighed 69% pounds, or 695 pounds
through whose depths I have often just before the last plowing, and allowing per acre. On hillside, where fodderwas covered the ground, with here and

waded, drenched to the skin with it to go to seed in the fall with. greener but thinner, the weightwas there a bunch of crab and crow-foot

dew, to some favorite haunt of the out being disturbed by the plow. Thisis grass. These were allowed to seed,
only 46 32 pounds, or 465 poundsper
finny tribe. all that is necessary, except to plant acre. the land being cultivated last year in

Changing from green to grey in the land year after year in corn or any The yield of corn on this plot was 2 melons and the year before in millet,
winter, these fields become a hunter's other crop that is not cultivated later bushels and which were off early. From indications -
3 pecks 454 quarts. I
paradise, where poor "bob white" than July 1st. The seed carried by the Alongside of it the same sized plot, I next year there will be a fine

falls a victim to his fondness for the winds and rains will soon cover any with fodder not pulled, yielded crop of hay to harvest. This plot is

tiny beans that strew the ground.ITS thin places, and get fully established; bushels, 32 quarts. The weight of 3 on the brow of a sandy hill, which hasa

after this is the case it is a fixture and where fodder fall of at least seventy five feet to
DISADVANTAGES.Like corn on plot was pulledwas
can safely be counted on as long as it is the lake in a quarter of a mile.
1651 pounds on
; unpulled, I76Iz
almost all good things, this desirable. The field may be "turnedout" pounds; a difference of n pounds. Haymaking would be largely as.
weed has its drawbacks. Where it
and in or other I sisted by
grow up grass [In measurement there is a difference
grows very rank, it increases the laborof weeds, but as soon as the soil is plowed of o nuarts. In an acre the differencein TAKING OUT THE STUMPS.
preparing the land for planting in the seeds that have been dor -
again weight would be no pounds, and And and in the
the and it sometimes becomes stump-digging burning
spring,
mant) for recognizing the favora-
years by ts in favor of the
measure
90 dual fall if it followed
chain were as a part of
necessary to drag a heavy or ble conditions, will spring by the
up
which the fodder
plot on not
was the business of the farm would
roller over it before the land can be soon
million and take quiet possession again.If .
pulled. On unpulled land, corn clear of
in
turned It becomes every one stumps the State.
properly over. a it is ever desirable to eradicate it,
nuisance in land where small plantsare all that is necessary is to plow the per acre by measure was 31 bushels Avoid using a stump puller for it is
and On where fodderwas
3 quarts. plot cumbersome tedious
and
to be grown, as it covers the land till late in the fall and thus utterly use
pre- the
pulled yield per acre was less in hammock land.
pine or sandy
with of
ground a perfect tiny
carpet vent it from seeding.AS .
28 bushels and Thus
plants after every rain in summer, and 5 quarts. by [The Director could not have hada
A FORAGE CROP. calculation, a difference in the weightof In
good
stump puller. Bradford
it is a positive injury to land where
cotton is to be planted. I had often There is a difference of opinion as corn would be very nearly 3 poundsper county the experience with them has
bushel. Now when the
heard old farmers say that "beggar to the value of beggarweed for hay, weightof been favorable.-ED.]
weed: improved corn land. but injuredit some maintaining that it is difficult or fodder pulled as late as July It is necessary in orderTO
21St is considered in reference to its
for cotton." This fact, which their impossible to cure it and that at bestit USE A MOWER,
weight, the cost of pulling and its
experience had taught, can be very is a rough and unpalatable fodder,
value as forage, and the loss of corn that the stumps be taken out, unless
easily accounted for. The beggar while others as positively assert thatit
both in weight and bulk it is is
and this
a ques every stump flagged is too
weed is a deep feeder, it sends its is easily saved and that it makes,
tion whether it to pull it. But be
pays expensive. hay can cut witha
roots straight into the soil, twelve: to especially when mixed with grass, a
Two years ago (see Bulletin 7)) ten grass blade where the stumps are too
twenty inches deep, and robs the subsoil very fine stock feed. I have had no
acres of fodder was pulled thick for the Two
of the very fertility that the cotton experience with it as a dry feed, but weighing mower. years ago
pounds, when the yield of corn when the station full of
1,317 was stumps,
plant, with similar roots, must subsist on one thing its friends and enemiesare
was .from 13 to 3254 bushels per acre. 12.500 pounds of hay was mowed with
upon. But in this very fact lies its fully agreed, viz.: That in its
The land fertilized blades from
was more highly grass eight acres. This
usefulness state it is eaten stockof
as eagerly by
green
than this year, and with costlier man- hay was cut by inexperienced hands
all kinds, which prefer it to
A LAND RENOVATOR. any ures. The pulling was at that period and an acre of grass was mowed and
other weed that and
Land that has become impoverished, that nothing or will grass sooner grows put a, when it is said to be "ripe (Note : raked by hand as easily as one of fodder -

soils whose poor I use the term "pulling" because it is was pulled and gathered. But
especially sandy fertility run-down animal in good condition
has been lessened the the Florida term. In other sectionsit mowing with a two horse mower in a
by evaporationof
than to turn it into a pasture of beg-
is both called "stripping" and field is work.
Its ammonia, due to exposure under garweed. "top stumpless charming On
clean cultivation ping.") smooth land from eight to twelve acres
to our summer suns,
and has been drained of its nitrogenby Summing up its virtues we find thatit An evil attending fodder pulling is can be mowed a day, according to the
is a valuable forage crop and one that occurring at the time it does of and
the leaching of the rains, finds its speed team experience of the
best friend in the beggarweed. The that is easily propagated; that as a and even as late as I pulled this year, driver. On uneven land less. .
soils it has all
of the
advan-
loss by eavporation is checked by a renovator July 21st, it exposes the ear to the The planting of corn and mowing

perfect mulch of leaves and the shadeof tages of the cowpea, with the addedone sun, and causes the shuck to dry and of hay after the corn is ripe and gath

a dense coat of weed; the truant that it costs nothing but the original loosen on the ear, thus giving the ered without cutting down the stalks

fertility is pumped up from the subsoil planting to get its benefits over weevil (the bane of raising corn in I was successfully demonstrated this
large areas for a long term of ,
its millions years Florida) a better opportunity of de- year.
through of roots. The
as it is self seeding; and, lastly, thatto
positing its in the But
air tribute to the land eggs corn. to THE FIRST EFFORT
very pays
get its benefits it is not
necessaryto this I will refer further on.
through this humble plant, which, lose a single crop, as all its benefitsare was made by cutting down the stalks

like the cowpea, feeds largely from secured by letting it take possession THE MOWING OF HAY under the ground with hoe and piling '

the atmosphere, and gathers gases to of the land after most crops are on the station is a demonstration that them and then using the mower.

be deposited as plant food on the surface harvested. This last is a great pointin ought to change any farmer from the This was found to be tedious and ex

of the soil in a coat of leaves. its favor. pulling of fodder to hay making. An- pensive. A trial was made to make

The mechanical condition of the soil it is valuable nually there is more money wasted by the mower cut the stalks down and

is also greatly improved by the decay- Altogether and boon Southern a very neglecting hay than is made on the mow at the same time, gathering the

ing mass of roots and stalks, which plant a utilized.J.to plantersif cultivated products of the field. It is stalks in heaps afterwards. This was

makes the soil more porous and at the intelligently not to thought, however, that every found to be practicable and the ques-

same time more retentive of moisture. H. GIRARDEAU. farm will produce hay, unless care is tion of mowing hay in a corn field

Humus, that most expensive form of Monticello, Fla. taken to protect it from destruction. solved.




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23, 1892] THE FLORIDA DISPATCH, FARMER AND FRUITGROWER.i 487



# THE PAN: FOLLOWED month, cut .off the second crop on shown up the fallacy of feeding oyster

and found the best was to mow in corn land. Poultry.I : shells to supply the hens with egg

narrow strips across the beds. In a By comparing yield of hay with ..., shells. We have learned many things

field from an acre to ten wide a strip fodder the farmer can readily see that Edited by E.W. AMSDEN, Ormond, Fla. since we have been breeding poultry,

across the field from one fourth to one fodder pulling is time and money lost. -- and almost daily we are having new

acre wide, would give room for easy Again the hay is as valuable as the How to Feed-II. revelations. We have long ago bat-

turning. The longer the strips the corn crop; on upland and on bottomsis We continue to feed whole grain- tened down our ventilators, and our

less time is lost in turning. worth half as much more. until the chicks are fully developedand fowls are free from disease and we

This year there was more dirt -.-- ready to be put into the breeding have given up the use of the Douglass

thrown to corn than was intended and Tomato and Egg Plant Blight. yards, giving them in the meantime, mixture (except occasionally where a

the beds were quite high. The mower Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower' : ample grass range where they can get I fowl needs a tonic), although we at

went over them very easily, clog- The disease which correspondent a good supply of animal food. Once : one time thought ventilators, a great

ging occasionally but doing its work P. H. Rolfs, calls your the tomato in the breeding yards we feed especially variety of food and Douglass mixtureas

well and expeditiously. From five to blight was known in Florida when I to keep the hens in good absolutely indispensable. In sum-

eight acres can be cut a day. One came here between fourteen and fifteen health and to secure a large yield of mer after the breeding yards are brokenup

drawback to this is that the work is eggs, strong and fertile for hatching, we separate the males from the

hard on the knife. When it strikes It years attacks ago.both tomato and and we do it by feeding clover hay. females, and give each lot a good grass

the joint of a large stalk it sometimesfails and is land.It egg During the winter, spring and fall we range, until the time for mating comes
plants, worse on new
to cut it. The mower must then bothered while but cut clover hay, very fine, in an ordi- again. Then we begin to feed to
I
me a good
hay or straw cutter. We placeit hasten the which is
nary
moulting
be stopped and relieved. These hard no longer dread it and have fre- process,
stalks also gap the knife, but not to cured ,that affectedby in a large box with a tight cover. generally all over with our birds by
quently plants were
We mix with the clover few hand- 1st.Ve feed the
such an extent as to render it useless. it. a September just sameas
fuls of corn and oats chop and twiceas do in winter that
One knife mowed the Station field It is best however it we except every
to
prevent much bran, adding a little salt the other add linseed meal the
this year and it is ready for work as "an ounce of prevention is worth day we to
a
same as would for cattle. It is clover feed about
you one pint to
another season. Every mower should pound of cure." This. I do by first every
have at least one extra knife, if not saving seed from the finest mixed thoroughly, the lid put tightlyon fifty fowls. One day we feed linseed
two for every season's work, althougha plants, steam i is turned on into the box meal and the next day desiccated fish
that is, those having the finest fruit
knife may last many seasons.In then kainit from and the mess thoroughly steamed. It in the clover feed until the hens are
connection with the mower must using liberally U to is left in this way until morning, whenit done moulting, and then we discontinue
to mixed in with
rZ pound plant
be the other fertilizer.In per is fed, being yet warm from the the use of the linseed meal. In

steam. connection with finely chopped clover
A HORSE RAKE. nearly two thousand plants I
Only those who have fed in this you can feed any kind of ground grain
have had but two well-defined
This rakes the in
hay very rapidly cases way know how much the hens enjoy you wish, we prefer( using corn and
of this disease far this
for from the field. so season. To
piles ready hauling
it. They eat it up clean every time. oats chop and bran, and your hens
these I handful of kainit and
The sustained applied a
damage by hay being
You can give them all they want to will have almost a complete, healthyand
rained on is not as great as is supposed about an ounce of copperas in a
it will do
eat, them no harm. Clover invigorating egg food. Young
from the with bucket of water first
drawing
judging eagerness away
contains everything necessary to forman chicks are very fond of this feed and
which stock it after it the soil so as to leave basin
consume even top a
egg, and as it is bulky, all will see we frequently give it to them. The
has taken showers for three around the plant and leaving this
days, not
the wisdom as well as the economy in longer we feed clover and note the
but often basin for a day or two. It I had
continuously enough to pre: open
feeding it. Many fanciers give too good results, the more we are convinced .
not been out of Peruvian I
its housed. The color
vent being guano
much whole grain and soft, concen- it is the best possible food for
suffers for it is is should have added about
and it a
not so bright heaping
trated food, which causes the fowls to poultry. With a clover diet in sum-
the value be affected tablespoonful of that.
possible may become overfat, unproductive and [ mer and a clover hay diet in winter,
One of these I left with
the
which I think, is overestimated, but plants
liable to disease. Three times a week you will save one-fourth of the food
to what extent, if any is not fully determined diseased part on, and although it
during the breeding season we add to and your hens are not liable to get
but will be in due time. seemed cured for several days the
yet .
the clover desiccated fish, about one overfat. My hens now keep in better
disease broke out all over the plant at
THE NATIVE GRASSES pint to every twenty-five head. We health, the eggs hatch well and
and that I it
severely
once so
saw find this excellent addition the the chicks fast. Had knownof
which make our best hay are crab an to grow we
useless to to it. This
was save
crow foot, sand spur grass and beg with some previous try experiments in the, feed, and the use of it dispenses with this cheap and economical modeof
the work and bother of feeding four could
weed. preparing meat years ago, we
gar line shows it is
same necessary to cut for the fowls. This fish supplies all have saved $1,000 in feed bills andat
Cow sowed in rows and on
peas or pinch off all the affected of the
poor soil but fertilized will make fine \part the animal food the hens need. We the same time saved ourselves an

plant. give this chopped clover immense amount of work. Now reader .
morn ,
hay. They are cured on the Station Several times I have noticed every
by mowing one day and allowed to immunity from this diseasein an ing, and at night a small feed of(whole try our way of* feeding for one
apparent grain during the whole We month and results.-F. A.
remain until the dew is off them the fields of tomatoes that fertil- year. giveour report
next. They are then stored in barn were fowls good dry, warm quarters, MORTIMER in American Rural Home.
ized with cotton seed not meal but
( ) .
....
a large dust bath and a litter of leavesto
where they can have air several days
be that it
cannot sure always pre From the of Fernandina during
before being packed away. By this; vents it. CHAS. KERR. scratch in, into which, twice or port
simple and cheap method the leaves Archer. three times a day. a teaspoonful of May, there were 15,337 tons of

mostly adhere to the vine. -.--- wheat is thrown to keep them scratch. phosphate shipped, all but 800 tons of

$100 Reward. $100. ing and out of mischief. If you want which was consigned to foreign ports.

THE YIELD OF HAY. The readers of THE FARMER AND : good, healthy chickens, free from bad -News.

On 13 acres was cut 19 tons of FRUIT-GROWER will be pleased to habits, you must make them exercise. W"wQogoO-
wv/Y/Yr/YYI/
crab grass. On 2 1-5 acres z54 tons learn that there is at least one dreaded We keep before our fowls, at all Vr.

beggar weed. The weed was not disease that science has been able to times, plenty of pure, clean water, J! Fraud d BUYERS os Fruit \Wrappers\'

thick. On i U acres 2 tons cow peas. cure in all its stages, and that is ca and milk when we have it. I regard OF

The peas were sowed in July in rows tarrh. Hall's Catarrh Cure is the milk as one of the best foods, either !{ o

three feet apart and fertilized with : only positive cure now known to the sweet, sour or buttermilk. It* is NO MORE CHEATING, |

equal parts of kainit, cotton seed meal medical fraternity. Catarrh being a greatly relished by the little chicks, as C} Consumers of Fruit Wrappers may

and acid phosphate, at the rate of 500 constitutional disease, requires a con well as the matured fowls. A hand- (C)) now know that they get an honest O
ream of 480 sheets and not 400 330 5j
or
pounds per acre. The same plot last stitutional treatment. Hall's Catarrh ful of bran added to it improves it, sheets to ream as some unscrupulous

summer sowed about the same time Cure is taken internally, acting di- and is appreciated Ly the fowls, if the dealers supply. CJ Qc5

and unfertilized did not make the seed rectly upon the blood and mucous manner in which they devour it is any o

planted. Had the season been pro- surfaces of. the system, thereby destroying evidence. We also keep before our ;J OUR FAIR AND SQUARE |

pitious doubtless the yield this year the foundation of the disease, fowls, at all times, a liberal supply of -j Wrappers aro put up in packages of Q

would have been much larger. The and giving the patient strength by coarsely cracked oyster shells, bone cc'") 1000 each and each Wrapper is num- C

pea planted was the little yellow building up the constitution and as- and charcoal. We use the oyster 5 tiered 1 to 1000.in printing No can consecutively from C)

Crowder, which is not the best for sisting nature in doing its work. The shells for grits, and not for the pur- .1 one (J

proprietors have so much faith in its pose of forming egg shells. Our hens ] HONESTLY BEAT I

hay.From land in curative that they offer One all the shell material from
one acre of high corn power, get -forming :3 our prices. Send for samples and 9
we made 1,500 pounds of crab grass Hundred Dollars for any case that it the clover they eat, and every hen gets r 3 prices to Ga

fails to cure. Send for list of testi her supply in the same way, even if

hay.The unusual drought of August, monials. Address, she gets but one feed a day. The Jersey City Printing Co.,

September and October, with a severe F. J. CHENEY &.CO., Toledo, O. Mr. Jacobs should be congratulated & JERSEY CITY, N. J. 5

frost in the early part of the latter Sold by Druggists, 75



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Y. 488 THE FLORIDA DISPATCH, FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. [JUNE 23, 1892


,
STEPHEN P. O.POWERS Address Lawtey, Fla.Mr. Editor. ing everywhere. Her splendid cropis ] dictate terms to transportation compa- to stubs, worn to spires, before it will

nibbled to pieces and carried in nies. But after all is said and done, the give up its reptilian life. Even when

J. Horace McFarland, of the every direction. fact remains that the points of preeminent dead and plowed under, it resists decay -

Rural New Yorker, called at our office Some men scare themselves with an importance to the grower are-to for years. As the wiregrass goes

on his way home from a visit -to empty bogey competing with one get his fruit packed in the choicest out the beautiful carpetgrass comes in,

.South Florida. another," *'competing with them- style his art can compass, and then without waiting for plow or seed; the

selves," if everybody is allowed to sell have a carrier to forward it straightand friend and companion of civilized man
A Florida the Chi
grower visiting oranges. As if all the oranges of Flor- swiftly to the consumer. which well
displacing a growth might
Citrus Fair in the of 1886
cago spring ida were to be handed through a sin Our contributor, "Rural," has be called barbarian. "Through the
stated that his orchard in
was planted gle aperture in the wall to the head touched a hitherto unheard note on late fall the of winter and
warm days
sand that he could utilize it
so pure waiter, he to pass them to his under- the keyboard-the polishing of or the while the of
early spring, tops
for plastering, and yet he get good lings, and they to the thousand hun- anges-and it is music to the reader other grasses are dead, the Paspalum
fertilizers the
returns by'using to ex-
gry guests! whose ears are wearied with the year-
is its boundaries.
platycaitle enlarging
of dollars worth :
tent fifty per acre Must every grower of fruit, for- round thrumming on the merits of In the moderate shade of our pines it
each
year. > sooth, ship it to the front door of auction and commission. The poorer grows well" until it spreads its smooth,

Subscribers interested in the cultureof New York the fruit the need of auction
or Chicago, and dare no- greater ; unbroken turf through the park.like

pineapples will not fail to read Mr. body consign a few boxes to the back the better the fruit the smaller need. forest.

,
Beach's advertisement on another, page door of some little village, for fear of Retrospect and Prospect Nature in Florida enjoins upon

of of those delicious varie- with other with him
the
plants two competing or
When civilized man approached the man the divine lesson of patience.

ties, the Black Jamaica and the Porto self? prairies of the Mississippi and the Pa- Long after the splendid but hectic

Rico offered for sale. Also that of Whether this be done
ought to or cific Coast, he found them ready : civilization of California shall have

the Orlando Grape and Fruit Com- not, it will be done, and every orange cleared to his hand. The soil was a reached and passed its meridian Florida

pany. .______ .... ._______ grower may as well face the music. cartwheel deep, there were no- roots will still be coming up. Millions of
Men will sell oranges on the trees, of the lawn-like will
and stones to move the wrath of the acres carpet-grass
Georgia is our elder sister and the
,
in
their packeries, at the depot, at plowman; agriculture and civilization be seen in the flatwoods of the northern -
two States together are not going to
in
in the
. Jacksonville, every city pressed forward at a gallop ; whereasin and western parts of the State,
leave California in
an victory
easy
Union commission
and auction
by the older East the forefathers crept thinly studded with the pines, affording -
early fruits. The vast peach orchardsof the end of time
to just as they do to
,
painfully along for two hundred years, a half shade at once to the nutritious -
Georgia (one of 120,000 trees,
with the and to the small uddered
day.The
battling sturdy aboriginal grass
owned by J. H. Hale, is mentioned) "Big Four" seize out the beef
woods. Chicago and San Francisco but butter-yielding cows that will
are coming on. In peaches and grapes animals from all the transMississippiStates
with a strength not their own graze among them. The wornout
grew; ;
the two States the other
following one and slaughter and pack them in
nourished in the fields of cotton and will
it was long struggle corn probablybe
in a seasonable and non-competing cans and ship the cans to the ends of
with the forests of the Connecticut, less extensive than at present, have
succession, will in a few years surprisethe the earth, and thereby the busi-
grasp
the Ohio and the Tennessee.It ing given place in part to these park-
Northern people. ness in one strong grip. But Florida
-'.... -- is the same in Florida. The like pastures, green the year through,
will lend themselves to
The Fruit Trade Journal says : One oranges never knitted sheet of the wire grass sod is as they are in the old French settlements -

of die greatest drawbacks which the any such a system. They will not spiked down to the earth with the I around Mobile to-day. In the
keep. As soon as they are off the :
grape growers of Florida have got to powerful tap-roots of the pines. It south the groves of citrus and peach
trees they must on a gallop, each
overcome is the exorbitant express go takes two or three yoke of oxen to and guava and the fields of pineapples
box in a neck and neck race with
charges on the fruit to New York. the plow to wrench up a few inches of i and vegetables will also accept the
other to reach the consumer
The express companies charge four every it. Every acre must be grubbed and "moderate shade" of the pinesifthe

cents a pound to New York from irst.We have no patience with all this burned and plowed and grubbed grower shall have learned the lesson -

Moultrie, Fla., which of course takesa swelling talk of forcin the Florida or- again. of the times, which the wise one

great deal of profit from the growers. When a few acres have been reclaimed certainly will.
to four six
ange crop pass through or
It is not at all likely they ,will "great distributing centers"pus four from the tangled hammockand When that time comes-and not till

submit to such an imposition, and in orange trees have been planted, then-there will be no more wasteful
andnomore. New York has a vast stomach -
all probability will handle their fruit for half forest fires. The will
for the good eating from the four they grow slowly a generation cow put them

in another way next.year. quarters of the globe, and Floridians before they come into perfect bearing, out in time-legislation never will.

y.- laying broad and deep the foundationsor The pines will also mitigate the untimely -
The Tennessee Farmer publishesthe lift their hats to that princely orange
a life of a hundred, perhaps two frosts; and they will ask only
following estimates of losses by buyer-also to Chicago; but they are
hundred The the subsoil for their
portion givingthe
years. scuppernongvine ,
the recent great floods : In Missouri, not going to undertake to suppress
comes on with a slow, arboreal surface without robbery to the
in
$11,000,000; Tennessee, $1,900- every street gamin, every Dago ped-
progress, spreading itself and possessing crops which they shelter. Then Florida -
000; Kentucky, $200,000; Arkansas, dler and every little commission mer-

$10,000,000; Mississippi, $1,000,000; chant in all the land, who is strivingto the earth for forty years until it will have entered upon its true

Louisiana I covers a quarter of an acre and yieldsa cultural destiny. An end will be putto
$5,000,000. This is a support his family by the exerciseof

total of $29,100,000. If to this is his small "distributing capacity." thousand, or even two thousand the old reproach, "The South has

added,the loss by stagnation of busi- I pounds> of grapes as regularly as the no grass." The carpet grass, the Ber-

, ness, it thinks the total loss from Kan- Do we not believe in corporationsas season comes. muda and the Para will make Florida

sas City to New Orleans must reach selling agencies ? Most assuredly.Let The wiregrass sod, as old as the -what it cannot now truthfully be

$50,000,000. We prefer the placid, us have at least two, as strong andas pitch pine itself, every tussock of called-the Green Peninsula.

rich as possible, to represent the which has probably stood for centuries .
amber colored waters of Florida.
growers in the struggle with the just as it stands to-day, unharmed by Crimson Clover.
Editor Partner and Fruit-Grower:
Main Points in Marketing Fruit. strong and rich carrier corporations.But storm and drouth, unpastured except Enclosed you will find Bulletin

The oranges of Italy are poured every grower should firmly make by fire until the white man's cattle No. 16 of the Delaware Agricultural

into this country through the one up his mind that his hope rests, in the appeared-the saurian among grasses, Experiment Station. The subject matter -

great funnel of New York, and that last resort, chiefly with himself. We tawny as an alligator except when it is so full of interest to the American

concentrates the trade. .California want some great and powerful company greens up a little in springwithstandsthe farmer, that we take the liberty of

slips her polished boxes along two to set the market price, to distribute trampling of man and his herds forwarding a copy to you with other
pertinent> facts on the same subject.
wires to the cash box of the East; but intelligence, to handle enough year after year, tough as pinwire, buts Ve believe it would be to our mutual

Florida has a dozen "cash boys" run- fruit to make them a power able to fretted away at last, trodden down advantage for you to publish some ofY

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I '1 JUNE 23, 1892] THE FLORIDA DISPATCH, FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. 489



the most interesting parts, knowing awe NEW YORK, June 20. en, poor much less. PineapplesLightsupply "wee sma' hours" of the early morning.By .
good demand at 2.50 to 3.00 per sunrise the fruit was unloaded, and
do that scarlet clover is destined tc There have been lighter receipts of
dozen. Grapefruit- In fair demand;; before 6 o'clock the boat started on its
pines thISteek, and with the' continue
become the greatest benefaction of the good demand prices have been firm sale, fancy, 2.50 to 3.00 per box. Onions return voyage, while at 6:15 the fragrant

century to the American farmer Choice Havana range 9.00 to 13.00 with! -85c.; to 1.00, sack; 2.00 to 2.25, barrel. apples were ofT by rail for the Northern
Cucumbers 2.00 to 4.00 barrel tomatoes, market.-Halifax Journal.
Yours truly, ordinary to common 3.00 to 7.00. Som I ;
DELAWARE FRUIT EXCHANGE. Floridas of 50 to 60 in a crate bring 10.0 I 1.50 to 1.75 per % bu. case; choice ripe ?

SAM'L II. DERBY, Sec'y. to 15.00, and 70 to 80 in a crate bring higher; potatoes, 75c. per bushel. Extension of Weather Service.

wil 6.00 to 8.50. Bananas are well cleane* Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower:
We hope some of our readers
up on arrival. The Georgia peaches arriving BOSTON RETAIL MAKKET. Will you kindly state in your paper
send and small packages of thi
get show poor quality, Alexanders: Pineapples are 7.00 to 8.00 per 100 for that it is desired to ascertain what sections -
seed and it toward the end of the 1.00 2.00. Will
sow bringing to
per case,
fair good, but the sugar loaf at 13.00 to of Florida have interests which
rainy season. The Mississippi Station goose plums range from 2.00 to 3.00 per
15.00 100. Oranges are getting
and beach be. per would be affected by frosts, where
case, per qt. ;Watermelon
reports as follows: scarce, and half boxes of ordinary and
are coming in freely, and fancy stoc: weather and temperature or frost-
and at 2.25
choice are 1.50 to 2.00, fancy
attention in
This has attracted
great brings 32.UO to 35.00, while the majorit for whole stations are not alreadyin
to 2.50, with but small demand warning signal
the outh three four
during-the past or
of arrivals from 20.00 to 28.X(( .
range boxes. Georgia melons have been re It is the wish of the
years, but its true merits are still in Some Florida muskmelons arrived this operation.
doubt. So far, it has not given a good week, mostly poor, and brought fron ceived in small quantities and rather Chief of the Weather Bureau to estab-

crop at this station, though: it is valued 1.00 to 2.00 per crate. Blackberries, North small sizes, being the early varieties 30.00 ; lish frost-warning stations in all such
watermelons selling at 25.00 to
per
highly at the Carolina Station; and at the Carolina, Wilsonquart, 12 to 14c. Huck 100, and canteloupes at 4.00 per barrel. sections that can be reached by Western
Florida Station has immense
given one leberries, North Carolina, quart, 12 t(I direct.
is wires
not Union
The supply of vegetables only
failures. Under fa
followed two
crop by 13c. Peaches, Georgia, Alexander, case,
vorable circumstances it makes a I goodly in quantity, but mostly of prime Stations established at such places
very
2.00 to 2.50 Florida Bidwell
; 16-quai
vigorous winter growth and affords good quality. It would be hard to name a will be furnished frost-warning flags
case, 1. 50 to 3.00; Plums, Georgia, Wil season when the Southern States have ,

grazing or soiling, but in many case goose, case, 2.00 to 3.00; Muskmelons\ sent as much or sent it as well grown or to a limited number, by the Weather
stand is secured and tin .
only a scattering Florida barrel crate 1.50 toS.OOfWatei.
,
' ; as neatly put up. Bermuda onions are Bureau, and telegrams announcingfrost
plants are weak and sickly. We canno
melons Georgia, 100, 30.00 to 35.00; Floi
2.00
1.25 per crate bunch onions at to will be sent at government'sexpense.
recommend it for cultivation in thi
ida 100 30.00 to 35.00 Potatoes Nort
; 3.00 hundred bunches, and bunched
State until we know more of its need Carolina Rose prime barrel, 2.00 t flat turnips 4.00 to 5.00. Cabbages, as
and value as a restorative crop. 2.50; North Carolina, Chili red, prime< :, last week, 1.00 to 1.25 per barrel, but It is proposed to send frost warn-

barrel, Ir75 to 2.00; Norfolk, prime, bai cauliflowers have advanced to 2.00 and ings during the coming season to each

rel, 2.00 to 2.50; Florida, barrel, 2.50 te 2.25 per dozen heads, but they are the displayman of weather and temperature -

JVEau] \ets.JACKSONVILLE __ 2.75; Savannah prime, barrel, 2.50 tc largest we have ever seen at this season signals and also to all of those
2.75 Charleston, barrel 2.00 to 2.75
;
.... ; I of the year. Hothouse tomatoes are 20
Southern, seconds, barrel, 1.25 to..1.50; and 25 cents a pound, and Southern tomatoes persons who displayed frost signalslast

FLA., June 22. Southern. culls, barrel, 75c to 1.00;I 2.25 to 2.75 per crate. Cucum- season.

FRUITS AND VEGETABLES. Onions, New Orleans,barrel),2.00 to 2.25; bers are from 5.00 to 5.50 per 100, and Displaymen receiving these warn-

[Corrected to date by Marx Bros.] Now Orleans, sack, 90c to 1.00;Bermuda, very fine this week.-American Culti- ings are required to give them the
These are average quotations. Extra choice crate, 1.00 to 1.15; Egyptian, 112-poum vator.
lots fetch prices above top quotations, while poo sack, 1.75 to 2.25; Tomatoes, Florid widest publicity immediately upon receipt -
lots sell lower. .
choice, bushel crate, 1.50 to 2.50; do., by hoisting the flag and by bulleting -

Lemons 41 ,Messina: ............. ........ 2.00 4.50 to to 3.00 5.00 fancy, carrier, 1.00 to 2.50; do., mediun The Movement of Pineapples. the telegrams in postoffices, or

Limes, TOO........... ................. .51 to good, carrier, 1.00 to 1.75;Cucumbers,, It is item to con- other for the benefit of
Pineapples,crate...................... 3.00104.0 50 75c Charleston quite an interesting public places,
to ,
Bananas bunch............ ........... 1.50 to 1.7 Florida, crate, ; sider the amount of pineapples that are the public, and also to furnish copiesto
Potatoes, new. barrel................ 2.75103.0 crate, 1.00 to 1.50; Charleston, basket,I now being moved by the Indian River
M sweet bushel...... .......... i.o 1.00 to 1.50. Steamboat The Progress the local press forspublication.
Florida cabbage bbl.... .. .......... 1.50101.7;; Company. Localities having the requisite tele-
Onions, crate.......................... i.ooto 1.25; brought up the largest load Sunday afternoon -
Turnips barrel........................ 1.51. NEW YORK, June 18. that has reached here via any graph facilities and desiring this service -
Beets.Ie ....................... 2.25; Receipts of potatoes for the week,, boat. Her total number of crates should select displayman at
Carrots ..... ............ ...... 2.51 one a
Parsnips, ...............-......... 2.51 120,000 barrels; prime Savannah and< l on board was 1649. The St. Augustineand once, and the person selected should
Radishes dozen....... ................ .40* Florida, 1.25 to 1.75; Chili red, 1.00 k St. Sebastian had arrived earlier in
Cucumbers not wanted.............. 1.25 tomatoes, Florida, carrier, 2.50 te the day with about 600 or 700 crates. In communicate with this office as soonas
Celery..... ............. ........i...... 50 to .& ; possible stating what interests are
Egg Plants each....... ............. .10 to.12* 3.00; crate, 1.50 to 2.00; watermelons,, order to move this amount of fruit the
Beans crate.......... ................. i.cx 25 to 35c; muskmelons, 1.00 to 2.00:; railroad company had to send out a special to be benefited, dates between whichit
Peas crate. .....-. ............ .....- 1.00101.51 pines, Florida, large, 15 to 18c; small ;E J freight train Monday aside from the is desired that the warnings be sent
Strawberries ....... ................... .10<
Cauliflower............................ J.oo to 2.00 to lOc; peaches, Alexander, 1.50 to 2.00:; heavy train that left in the morning on and whether or not he wishes this
Tomatoes.......................*...... 1.50 to J.75; Bidwell, 2.50 to 3.00. the regular schedule. The 5 o'clock
Peaches. .. ... .. ....... .. 1.75 to 2.5 PALMER, RIVENBURG & Co. train Monday carried out fifteen cars all Bureau to furnish the flags. All arrangements
Squashes slow sale bbl.-... ......... J.25 to t.5cWatermelons. < while the for the speedy dissemination -
.....:_.........,. ......_... .12 to .15; loaded with pines, noon spe-
Canteloupes........ ................. .. 2.00 to 2.50 CHICAGO June 20. cial had twelve cars, and the Southern ; of frost information are to be
Mangoes ioo....._.. ................. 1.50102.00 Express Company had three cars on the possible and those
.. Grapes, Concord ten-lb baskets...... 1.25; Peaches-Crate, 4 baskets, .50 to .80. morning train. Hence, within twenty- perfected as soon as

POULTRY AND EGGS. Pineapples-No. 1, per 100, 14.00 tc: four hours, or a little over, nearly 2,500 sections wishing to have the benefit of

Hens....... ..........................$ .40 to .45; 16.00; No.2, 10.00 to 12.00; No. 3, 8.0)( crates of pines were shipped through it should not delay the matter until
Roosters.............................. 30 to .31; to 10.00;Florida. fancy, sugar loafcrates,, Titusville. Placing the value of these winter, but act at once, as by that
Broilers..................... .... .25 to .3c 7.00 to 8.00; small and oft quality, 3.00, crates at 6 each which is a reason- will
Turkeys............................. .i.ooto J.25; Plums-Red 24 1.50 to 1.75 very time the supply of flags probablybe
Ducks..................... ........... .20 to .31; wjld, quarts ;; able price for all-around fruit, we havea exhausted and possibly all stations
Geese................ ................. 50 to ..7'Eggs. California, 10 pound boxes, 1.40 to 1.50. total of about $15,000 worth of 'fruit
................................... .16 Celery-Southern, per dozen bunches,, received that day from the lower river. will have been established that the
choice, .30 to.40. Cucumbers-Southern I, When we take into consideration that allotment of funds for telegraphingwill

PHILADELPHIA, June 18. crates, common to fair, 1.00 to 1.50; choice I the growing of the pineapple is still in its maintain.

There is an active demand for choice to fine,1.75 to 2.00. Egg Plant-Per crate,, infancy and that the business cannot be

well assorted and well packed tomatoesat choice, 3.00 to 3.50; medium,2.00 to 2.50 overdone in Florida on account of the Very respectfully,

full prices, but poor and ordinary Onions-Bermuda, 1 bushel boxes, 1.4(I small area of land that is free of frost E. R. DEMAIN,

stock won't pay to ship as the season is to 1.50; Louisiana, sacks, 75 and 8C(I enough to grow them successfully and Director Florida Weather Service.

now well advanced and the arrivals from pounds, choice, 1.00; Louisiana barrels,I profitably, we can imagine what the fu- Jacksonville Fla.

Mississippi\ liberal and the stock very good, 2.00 to 2.25; do., silver-skins, pei. ture has in store for Indian River. All S4

choice, and yours coming in competitionmust barrel, 2.50 to 3.00; California, red, pee the while large plantations are still be- In conversation with Mr. J. E.

be good or else we cannot advise sack, 1.00 to 1.25. New Potatoes-Call., ing planted and cultivated and in a few Baucom of Twelve Mile Creek, a dayor
shipment. We quote to-day: Choice to fornia northern, per sack 1.25 to 1.30;, years more the pineapple shipments will ,
fancy carriers and crates, 2.00 to 3.00 as southern, per sack, .90 to 1.00; Louisiana,, be immense during their season. Of the two since, he told us that he had

to size and condition, with poor ranging 1-bu. boxes, .50: per barrel, good, ).75 to I above fruit three cars were billed just brought into town for sale a load

down to 1.00, and should you continue to 1.85; Mobile, per barrel, good to choice through to Chicago. one to Kansas City, of oats of his own raising. He

grade and ship only good stock, you can 2.00: common to fair, 1.00 to 1.50; sacks,, and the balance to different points in the planted ten acres and they averaged

use our market for some time to come. 90 pounds, .75 to .90; Alabama, per sack;,, Northeast.-Titusville Star. and bushels of
Egg plants are in active demand at from .75 to .80; per barrel, 2.00. Squash3rookneck between fifteen twenty
7.00 to 9.00 per barrel crate. Muskmelons \ 1 bu. crates, .75; ;'-bushel)l Mr.: J. S. Watson, who went to Chicago oats of fine quality, so he has a good

selling at from 2.50 to 3.50 per barrel boxes, .50. Tomatoes-Cases 4 baskets, with two car loads Jacksonville of pineapples in the supply of feed for his own stock and
: he
which
crate as to quality. New potatoes are choice to fine,1.85 to2.00; fair stock, 1.25;, schooner brought to returned to the above some to sell. This is what all farmers
and market weak and culls .50 to 1.00. Tortugas,
very plentiful city on Wednesday last. On Tuesday, should do and save the expense of
still scarce.
Cucumbers are
glutted. in full supply,very but market after transacting business in the metropolis imported fodder. Mr. Baucom also
Pineapples are
remains strong. Sugar loaf pines ST. Louis, June 20. he started for Titusville. He reports planted an acre in rice on his place in
very his sold for in
that the pineapples
selling at 12 to 14c. Peaches, demand good and unsupplied. price satisfactory.{ His the: Corkscrew country, and harvested

I REDFIELD & SON. Prices[ ranged higher. Sales were readily Porto Chicago Ricos was were very disposed of at $9 per from it 100 bushels of rice. There is
made at 50c. to 1.00 % bu. box. Wa
per much rice land in this
dozen. Chicago prices were plenty of good
LONDON, June 13. termelons-The range was choice large I
those of the Eastern fruit
20.00 to 25.00 small 15.00 to 20.00 higher than county and there is no reason why we
Grapes, Muscats:, 3s. to 4s. pound; ripe markets.-Titusville Advocate. .
Hamburg 2s. 6d. to3s. pound; tomatoes, per 100; on orders in crates more was I second should not be exporting instead of
with her
3d. to charged. Cantaloupes The demand was: The Sweeney came up that Manatee
8d. to 9d. pound; new potatoes, importing commodity.-
moderate and confined to the best offer. cargo of pineapples Friday morning, an-
lOd.
4d. pound French beans 8<1. to
; Advocate.
in the
at the Daytona wharf .
pound. ings, which sold at 1.50 to 1.75 per doz choring



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490 THE FLORIDA DISPATCH, FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. [JUNE 23, 1892



But the little seal apparently knew The population is. purely cosmopolitan. the improved condition. The second.
Our Y oun FoII s. better, and it need not be said that its The settler of one homestead bloom is appearing in some of the
confidence not the
men were so was pleased misplaced with its action, as in hails from the Buckeye State, while groves, notably that of Dr. E. A.

An Elephant's Revenge. coming to them they kept it as a pet, and his nearest neighbors are from Geor- Jelks, where a full bloom is reported,

Elephants have so much sympathywith the seal became a familiar object about gia, Dakota and Texas, respectively. and it is now estimated that where

depraved human nature as to think, the shore. only a few hundred boxes were ex-
with The fishermen had a small house One morning last week as Mr. Jos.
Byron, "sweet is revenge. An upon pected there will be three thousand
anecdote of an elephant's revenge, trans- the beach, in which their boats and nets Kast opened the door of his house he
-
lated from the French, is published in were stored and here the seal made its was astonished to see a thirteen foot boxes in that grove.-Oviedo Chronicle.

the Christian Union. Upon one of the home, sleeping on a pile of old nets and alligator lying a few feet from his .
plantations was an English overseer during the day lying upon the sands, Use Paris moderately a
doorstep. He retreated in haste, green ;
named Bennett,an exceedingly cross and lazily rolling over in the enjoyment of
disagreeable man, who was employed by perfect freedom. secured his gun and shot the 'gator tablespoonful to every large water
the master because of his great capability When the men came down to the dead. Investigation showed that the bucketful of water, keeping it well
in directing affairs. Upon the plan- shore, the seal was there to greet them, monster saurian had left the lake dur- stirred during the spraying process.
tation was an elephant named Dourga frisking about and attempting to crawl Itis death to tobacco
ing the night and in the course of his sure every worm
into the boat. When not taken in it
that Bennett greatly disliked and ,
upon that Some will claim that
march to barbed wire fence partakes.
whom he often played mean tricks. would follow the boat out, swimming came a
His employer, after reproving him several alongside, with its intelligent black eyes which he followed along for a few they have conscientious reasons for
times for his unkindness to the animal fixed upon them. If taken into the boat, rods, but seeing no prospect of an not using it, while others are afraid of
warned him that if he carried his it would lie on the forward deck and end to it, he climbed upon the wire, poisoning somebody. There is no
tricks too far, Dourga would pay him watch its protectors, occasionally eatinga breaking it down and went on his danger whatever during the rainy sea-
back with interest. Finally the time fish which they tossed over to it, or wayto
the house where he son. Hundreds of times we have
came when Dourga's patience was tried diving over after one which they threw evidently re-
beyond endurance. He was in the habitof away. solved upon a nap, and overslept to sprayed currants and gooseberries with
receiving every morning from his During the winter the seal was movedup his death. Mr. Kast, as the early the green when they were as large as t

driver a huge corn cake covered to the home of one of the fishermen, bird, caught a big worm that time, buckshot, and partaken of the fruit of
where it much of its time the
by
with molasses, of which he was spent
very the without serious results.
kitchen fire. sure enough.-San Antonio Herald.A same any
fond. One his cake
morning, as was
Ram washes it all off.-Floridian.
being carried to him on a hurdle, Ben- large soft-shell turtle was sold on
nett, who was passing with a pot of red the street yesterday by Savannah Mr. Whistler, who lives on Judge
pimento, threw it the cake and State J'iews. par-
upon { ties who them Hilton's place just across the railroad
then stopped to watch and mimic the are catching on the ,
grimaces made by the elephant when he --- Prairie for shipment to Savannah track, is bringing into market some

swallowed it. The result was easy to O. de G. Bertola, one of the large market. Eighteen barrels of turtles magnificent egg plants. He has shipped

BOO The poor animal, his mouth on fire, orange growers of that section, havinga were shipped on Wednesday via the about a hundred barrels North at

passed the day in a marsh trying to calm fine grove at Fort Florida and downat S. F.V.. from this point to Savan- I an average price of $8 per barrel.-
the thirst that was devouring him and
to appease the inflammation producedby Lake George, says he has already nah. Thursday fen barrels were Floridian.

the fiery dose he had swallowed. been offered $1.35 per box on the tree shipped and to-day there will be at The eggs that produce the horned

When evening came, the hour when for every orange he grows this year, least eight barrels.-Gainesville Sun. worm are laid on the underside of the

the Bennett elephant brought pounced the coolies him from, picked work,. and he will have several thousand Mr. F. J. Osterling, a prominent leaf and only one in a place. Theyare

him up with his trunk-and upon pitched him boxes. One of the oldest and most architect of Pittsburg, Pa., has beenon about the same color of the leaf,

headlong into a large reservoir or pondof responsible buyers made Mr. Bertola I the lake for a week or more, arranging and not very easy to detect. They are
water which vas thirty or forty feet this offer, but he is of the same opinion for the erection of the hand- about the size of the head of a very

deep. Bennett, who knew how to swim, of many of the growers around some structure which he has designedfor small pin, and should be looked after

allowed quickly him swam to climb to the up the edge.bank Dourga, when DeLand, that the next crop of fruit Mr. Clark, the wealthy Pittsburg with as great care as the worms, be-

ho' picked him up again as if he had will sell for more than $1.35 per box. gentleman who purchased the Rey- cause they hatch in a few days and

been a wisp of straw and threw him Messrs. Stevens and Graham, of nolds place, adjoining the Cocoanut commence eating holes right off. The

back in the water. This was repeated as Ocala, consummated a sale to Chicago I Grove Hotel. This residence is to larger they grow the faster they eat.

many, until times he as was Bennett compelled attempted to remainin to escape parties last week of a body of land, I cost about $10,000, and the groundsas Examine each leaf carefully for them.

the water, keeping his head up as amounting to 5,000 acres, in the west- : well as the residence will be illumi- Floridian.

well as he could. The affair would have ern part of the county for $500,000. nated by electricity, generated by a S. C. Cameron commences to har-

ended with sure drowning for Bennett, These lands are said to be very ricn in. :ninety-light dynamo. The gas engineto vest and ship Mr. Bushnell's pineap-
if of the coolies had not to his
rescue one and forced Dourga away.come The fine phosphates, and it is the intentionof run the dynamo is expected here ina ples this week. He will have 10,000to

poor elephant never forgot the injury the new company to commence few weeks. A fine sea-wall is to be 12,000. They are rather small this

done him, and rarely allowed an oppor- mining operations soon.-Ocala Ban- built along the entire lake frontage'of season, probably on account of drouth

tunity to escape to still further revenge the property, and expense will not be and cool weather early in the season.
himself upon the overseer. Sometimeshe ner.While in this of the finest
spared making one -Fort Myers Press.
it to be a waste of
would throw a r>awful of sand slap in appears
Bennett's face; again it would be a spoutof words,' we again call the attention of places in Florida. Improvement of Captain Essell, of the English col--

water thrown' over him; at another the county board of health to the fact properties is the order of the day all ony, has a very ingenious way by

time he would be pitched into a cactus that the lives of all our citizens are en- :along the lake.Juno Sun. which to get away with stealeis of his
bush from which he would out
get the of muck from Messrs. Chas. Otto Lund- watermelons. He has wire
scarcely alive, so scratched would he be. dangered by digging Reay, placed a
It would be impossible to correct Dourgaand the dry ponds and hauling the same I quist, Raphael Santini and Mike around his grounds so that one com-

make him behave. The upshot of around the houses. At this season Rhodes went down the coast turtlinglast ing in will strike against it and ring a ,

the whole affair was that Bennett was there is nothing more perilous to health ] week, and were gone four days. bell that hangs beside his bed. When

obliged to leave the plantation, which than the digging and spreading of this They turned nine turtles and got the bell rings the captain fires a cart-
not large enough for him and
was Dourga together, and his employer val- rich, decaying vegetable matter around :abut 1,500 eggs. This may sound ridge in his field, and the offender,
ued the elephant more than he did his one's premises. This practice would ]like a "fish story," but when it is re- scenting danger in the air, decamps in

overseer. not be tolerated one hour in.a community I membered that these huge sea monsters short order.-Gainesville Sun.
.
where health is valued more measure from four. to five feet in
A Seal's Intelligence.C.
than all else and when disease has I length and nearly the same in breadth
cuta
F. Holder, in Golden Days: A few ,.,..,',..," "
years ago some fishermen were followingtheir swath in our midst we will see our and weigh several hundred pounds, it ;; 'WORTH A GUINEA A BOX.".*
vocation off a harbor on the Maine\ folly. The health of the communitycannot 1 will not seem such a startling state

coast, when they observed a commotionon be guarded too zealously.- ment. They come out of the Gulf to STILL \

the surface, and soon made out a seal Levy Times. deposit: their eggs in the sand, and lay
from the water if followed
leaping as by !
some enemy.It The editor of the Tropical Sun thus from 100 to 150 in the holes which ROLLING

came near the boat, swimming writes of the settlement of BiscayneBay they dig. After depositing their eggs 'Iaj St. Helens,S
around it several times, and then, making on land which two years ago was the: stupid things cover up their nest England is.
a leap, the men saw that it was be- as carefully after has been the seat of*
Government land, considered hardly I every egg great bns.s
ing chased by a large fish. .,
stolen; from them, as they do when unmolested -t. mesa S
worth settlement: Now forty-
One of the fishermen dropped his line every
and, stepping into the bow, leaned over acre tract of Government land in the and crawl off again to their { BEECHAM'SsPILLS

and held out his hands. To his amaze entire township is entered, and the set- watery home. The flesh of the turtleis sue made ihtn. They<>
#
meat,the seal immediatlydashed toward tlers are hard at work making their : very fine, and much enjoyed by the are specific for all<|
him, and, with his help, scrambled out thecoast.-Ft. ; Nervous and Bll-J|
of the water into the boat, just in timeto time 'and efforts tell on the countryall people on Myers Press. Ions Disorder arising from Weak)'

escape the sharp weapon of a sword- around. For miles to the north, Showers have fallen everyday since ;Mtomacb.ordered LiTer Impaired and all e8UOnD1A.Female 2 S

fish that darted by, its big eyes staring, south and west are.new houses up and last Friday ; on Wednesday, especially Aliments. .
probably in wonder at the method of escape being built, coontie mills at work, a good deal of rain fell. The rains THEY ARE COVERED WITH A TAITEUSSS
to its fishy intelligence being evidently AHD SOLUBLE COATUIB. S
a case of out of the frying-j pines being planted, and every evi are telling on the orange trees, and Of all druggists. Price 2S cents a box. .
into the fire. dence of healthy growth to be seen. 1 the: growers are brightening up under -New York Depot 36 5 Canal St. tr.4 it' .



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JUNE: 23, 1892J THE FLORIDA DISPATCH, FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. 491

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Cure for Snake Bites.For How to Eat a Pineapple. I to our famous Arundel county toma-

Our Rural fiome Our Rural Home. How many lovers of fruit under- toes. Those coming from Cuba or

.. In your issue of Nay 19, 1892, I stand the proper way to eat a pineap I from the Mississippi are large and
Woman a Human Beta?. notice an article on the cure of snake pie, and, in short, the only convenient handsomer but lack the flavor; they

Woman-with a capital lettershould -. bites. Can you vouch for the effects way to enjoy it at a picnic or irr traveling I are usually flat and tasteless. It is-

by now have ceased to be :L iveness of the remedy? Can you give by railroad or stage where table for this reason that Florida tomatoes
specialty. There should be no more the proper strength of solution and facilities are lacking? Here is a mode will sell and bring fair prices until our

need of "movements" in her behalf,I amount to be injected into the wound ? taught by a gentleman from the land own are ripe, and that is about July

and agitations for her advancement Can any of your readers give their of pineapples, and as simple as it 15th.
and development considered apart experience with this remedy ? If this proves successful: Hold the fruit Baltimore is a great place for importation -

from the general good of mankind is ,a perfect remedy, as claimed, it firmly with its base towards you. Insert of pineapples; these are
than for the abolition of negro slavery should be widely known. P. the prongs of a silver fork in the brought here in small schooners from
in the. United States. "For what a Auburndale,Fla. interstices of the rind and pull it-the the Florida keys and the West Indies.
man"-and presumably a woman- fork-sharply down. At once the They are landed on Pratt street wharf
"hath, doth he yet seek after?" With We have no personal experience or pineapple separates in thecurious and and resemble the oyster fleets in the
the world of knowledge and opportu observation, but the effectiveness of symmetrical cones of which it is winter time. These cargoes are soldto

nity thrown open to her, it argues lit- this remedy has been more than once formed, and which can be eaten the packers of canned goods
tle for her ambition and less for her vouched for in reputable medical daintily enough without soiling the mostly; also to the jobbers and retailers -
ability to grasp cardinal principles that jou 'J.1als. A still better one is aqua fingers. This process can be repeatedas of fruit. They sell from five to

she elects to build fences about her ammonia injected with a hypodermic many times and at as many inter ten cents each by the hundred and

reservation, and expends time and syringe. Of course, with all remediesof vals as you please, the juice of the thousand, according to the size. As
forces in patrolling precincts nobodycares this sort, their effectiveness dependson fruit not going to waste as it would usual those from Florida are thefinestin

to attack. "I am glad the their instant use. Whatever liquidis under the blade of a knife. size, flavor and looks; sell for the
ques- used, the point of the syringe shouldbe most money.
tion for discussion today does not contain
thrust in diagonally under the Wholesome Pickles. .
the word 'woman, said a memo
wound and several sides of it BEECHAM'S faithful friends.
ber of a celebrated literary club.hI on so Pickled cucumbers are wholesomeand PILLS are
.
am of the pretentious dissyllable as to completely intercept and neu- palatable. I do not mean those
aweary tralize the before it Recipes.
and satiated with incessant; twaddleof poison spreads.The purchased from the grocers, which are
ammonia water is better than the For Our Rural Homo:
generally in England with
'woman's 'woman's work put up
progress, of because the SWEET PIcKLEs.-Eight pounds fruit,
potassium
permanganate Manufactured that is slow
for woman and the and nine vinegar
ninety four pounds best::; brown sugar, one quart
variations upon the one string. By latter constantly deteriorates in solu- poison, but grown, pickled and i Out vinegar one cup of mixed whole spices,
this time we ought to be there if ware tion, and would have to be carried in up at home, with home made cider. stick cinnamon, allspice and cloves; tie*
ever to arrive. I am half sick of the form of a salt, to be dissolved Here is an excellent recipe which spices in a bag and boil with vinegar and
afresh before But the sugar. Skim well add fruit and scald
just using. cucumbers into
quickly converts crisp,
womanhood! I want to be a human thoroughly, till tender. Skim out fruit
ammonia will its
being.. -MARION HARLAND in North, water preserve appetizing pickles, not affected by sea- and put in stone jars, boil five minutes
American Review. strength a long time. Any person son or climate. To each hundred of longer and pour over fruit. Pour off
*->. who has occasion to be exposed'muchto cucumbers put a pint of salt, and vinegar and boil three mornings; then
p snake bites small can while hot. This is good for peaches,
Advice may carry a hypo- on boiling water sufficient to
pour
to the Boys.For .
and all kinds of fruit. Save the
dermic and flask of ammonia apples
syringe a cover the whole. Cover them tightto .
Our Rural Home. surplus vinegar or juice and can up while
water in his pocket with a great de the steam from escap-
prevent lot for mince
" pies next winter.
0, stay with your father and suffer no of assurance-that is if he has
loss gree ing, and in this condition let them
COOKIES.Two white
cups sugar, one
For the stone that keeps rolling will the courage to use the syringe thor- stand twenty-four hours. They are cup of butter, one cup sweet milk two
gather no moss" oughly by plunging it into the flesh then to be taken out, and after being spoons of baking powder, flavoring, flour

All boys who have but a few summers' deeply enough and in several places.He wiped perfectly dry, care being taken enough to roll out thin and bake in a
should also swallow of it quick oven. If mixed right after breakfast -
some that the skin is not broken, placed in
in bird
experience
hunting, and let stand an hour or longer or till
know how unfortunate it is for birds say a teacupful.-ED. the jar in which they are to be kept. the; dishes are washed the sugar will be
of any kind to play the part of Jesse's Boiling vinegar (if spice is to be usedit melted and they will bo easier 4o handle'
puppy-get a little too smart and Orange Blossom for Perfumes. should be boiled with the vinegar) is and taste much better

jump out of the nest before the wings The blossom alone plays an then to be put to them, the jar closed SCHOOL CAKE.-One egg one cup
orange tight and in a fortnight delicious, white one sweet milk, a pieceof
had sugar cup
Boys better in
grow. you stay important in this and kindred
part butter the size of an one pint of
hard pickles are produced, as green as egg
the old nest until your wingfeathersare manufactures and furnishes the
raw the vines.- flour into which has been sifted two
all out before you try to fly off. materials which are used in such man the day they were upon spoons of baking powder, flavoring
When I used to chase birds, in my ufactured articles as pomades, fatty American Cultivator.Florida suit taste. This cake is so good for
lunches and school children. Better if
boyish sports, I was sure to capture oils, essential oils and distilled waters,
baked in bread about
in the North.A a square pan, an
Products
the unfortunates that I found.
poor and are in demand not only by per inch and a half thick.
out of the nests with only pin feathers fumers, but soap makers and druggists Baltimore dealer writes to the
ORANGE CAKE.-Two cups of sugar,
in their wings. It is a dangerous and manufacturing chemists. And Ocala Banner as follows : three cups of flour, nearly one cup of
thing, indeed, to leave the nest until] just here is a very important advan- "On our market you will still find milk or water, yelks of five eggs and
all the wing feathers are well matured. tage which Florida enjoys over France, some Florida oranges. Those that whites of four, well beaten ; two spoonfuls -
To-day, I venture the assertion that t as Moulie points out. The height of are juicy sell from four to six dollarsa of baking i>owder. Bake in three or
four cakes and spread the icing between
seven-tenths of the many human l. the bloom in Florida is in March, box. Good oranges are very scarce and on the top. The icing is made with
wrecks you see wandering about over while in France it is not until May, -in former years this Wa5-: the season the white of one egg beaten to a' stiff
the world, most of whom we cal]1 two months later. Hence, before the for the finest Messina oranges, they froth, adding,: powdered sugar until al-
"tramps," fluttered out of the nest t orange blossom is ready for the French then were in their perfection; but the most too stiff to stir, then add the juice

before they were fledged for flight,, manufacturer our Florida manufactur Florida orange has crowded them out and a little The of icing the is grated quite soft rind after of one the

and human wreck (pitiful word), ha er can place on the market suth articles of our market, it is only the poorestof juice orange.of the orange is added, and it flavors .
been the sorrowful result. as those enumerated above,- or the poor oranges that come here a cake so nicely.

Boys, did you ever stop to think oi f furnish to the northern market the now from Sicily, and they seli for a ROSE CAKE (WHITE PART).-One cup
the ingratitude and dishonor to pa. same materials, fresh and pure; for large price in comparison to what the of butter, two cups of sugar, one and a "
rents in a boy's leaving home al t these and other articles, while the finest sold for in former years. So fourth cups of sweet milk, four cups of

twelve, fifteen or eighteen years o:!f French products cannot be safely imported you see Florida orange growers have flour, whites of ten eggs flavor, two with teaspoonfuls -
of baking powder, rose
age? Did you ever weigh a mother's before the return of cool weather revolutionized the orange industry of water. (RED PART).-Use one-fourth as
love? Did you ever measure a fa. in the fall.Distilled the world. for the above, using red sugar; in placeof
ther's affections? "Oh, but my mother water from the,sweet or Florida tomatoes are now coming the white. Pour in layers in a deep
would always love me," says one,,, ange blossom has a greater value and into market a better size, and since pan and then cut it through as you
"if I did leave early." Poor unfor-- commands twice or three times the the crates with baskets are used insteadof would when done. 31.CONSUMPTIONI.

tunate ; and do you think she possi price of that distilled from the Biga- boxes, this fruit comes generally in

bly could love you less if you sta) rade orange flower of Europe; "and," sound condition. Several weeks ago
with her and show some evidences o yf says E. Moulie, "I do not believe I the tomatoes were very small, caused
a real desire to make her happy, anc am saying too much in affirming that t by the dry weather. Do you know I haTe a pootira remedy for the abore diseua;by its

repay her (were it possible) for hei r the distilled sweet orange flower water that the Florida tomato is the only use standing thousand hire been of cue cured of the Indeed worst to kind strong and is my of faith lone
never failing attentions onward fron from Florida would find a ready. one that has the true tomato flavor ol f in its efficacy,that I will send TWO BOTTLU rrrtm"a

your first breath ? Boys, stop anc market in Paris,"-Helen Harcourt, all the early raised Southern tomatoes]?I a Serer VALUABLE who will send TREATISE me their Express on this and disease P.O.to addr any raf.es. -
think:? S. W. CARSON. '.. in T.-U.. They are really, in flavor almost equal l T. A. Slocum, M. C.. 183 Pearl St., N. Y.






y f



.

THE FLORIDA DISPATCH, FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. [JUNE 23, 1892

I
I is also an advantage to the growingcane spect, approach those of the island Our Datura! Wealth crop in having the rainfall come Cuba. This being true of the central to say that, with the yield of cane

during the hot months, at the period portion of the peninsula, it is true in a which can be secured on such lands,
'XX>rf'X IW% N//-Xrf-N % W > XX /-> N V N XXV<*X
-
The Muck Lands of the Florida Pe of most rapid growth. It is equally; much greater degree of the lower portion it will be possible to place the cane at
ninsula-No. II. as advantageous, however, during the viz.: the Okeechobee section. the doors of the factories, by means ofa

The question of the subsidence For this the period cultivation, at an expense which
season. reason FROSTSare
- these soils under cultivation is also of will fall below $2 per ton. This ex-
unknown. The
one of considerable importance. If almost entirely pense includes all the eost of cultiva-
THE MANUFACTURE OF SUGAR cocoanut .and the date palm flourish,
the which contain tion harvesting and transportation.It .
organic matter they ,
in Florida has many advantages over< and tropical plants of every description ] is to dwell
not upon
should decay there would, of course, the necessary
the same time of the year in Louisiana predominate over subtropical the fact that with cane produced at
be a marked depression in the level
the soil. The oldest portions of muck planter is exposed to frequent and region numerous fields of cane were could not compete with Florida in the

land in cultivation have now been protracted rains, rendering the fields seen along the Caloosahatchee which production of sugar. There is prac-
muddy, and the roads over which the had not yet been cut, and which, ai of land in the
tilled for about eight In these! tically no other body
years. cane is to be hauled almost impass. though not entirely green, were only world which .such remarkable
lands, where sugar cane was planted, ble. The Florida planter can conl- affected in color by the maturity of the possibilities presents of development as the

it has been found that there has been dently"count on a continuous manufacturing plant presenting a rich yellowish green. muck lands bordering the southern

a subsidence of several inches, so that; season, being rarely interrupted In this region the sugar cane is absolutely shores of Lake Okechobee. With a

the stubble of the sugar cane has been by rains. The disadvantage; free from any danger from frost,, depth of soil averaging perhaps, eight
of the dry season in the central peninsula although occasionally light fro ts have
of half million

a
feet and extent nearly
left this distance above an
to
protruding
_
been known delicate
of Florida are chiefly felt by to injure more
the surface. The however acres, with a surface almost abso
depression, It be said then with
the of vegetables. These plants. may ,
growers of de.
it affords
level promise
have occurred lutely ,
seems to chieflyin
confidence that in the of- the
vegetables are grown for the early; region
which reaches .beyond the
the first two three of the velopment
or years Okeechobee Lake the lands that
Northern markets, and the gardening] maybe
cultivation, and there seems to have period in central Florida begins about recovered for sugar-making have all! limits of prophecy.

been no such marked lowering in the the last of December, and ends about the advantages of the climate of Cuba. CONSTITUTION OF THE MUCK SOILS.

surface of the soil since that time. ]It the first of May. It is during this The manufacture of sugar from the Preliminary examinations of the

is not likely, therefore, that the soil season that rains are most infrequent, cane in this region may be postponedwith muck lands of Florida have been

will ever again be sufficiently depressed and therefore the gardener is subjected perfect safety until the beginning made by Mr. D. C., Sutton, of the

to bring it under the level of the water,, to grave dangers from drought. It i is of February, and the months ol February Department of Agriculture, assistantin
although it must be confessed that the March and be the month of the experiment station at
during the same period too, that the April : charge
period of observation has been entirely of in manufac Three samples of the
spring planting of sugar cane take; greatest activity sugar Runnymede.
too short to make any definite soil taken by him, of which No.
place, and, owing to the dry weather, were
prophecy in regard to the future. the planted cane may be affected wit ture.On account of the ease of i was from the oldest cultivated landon

THE ORGANIC MATTER, dry rot. The disadvantages, however, IRRIGATIONthe the estate of the Florida Sugar

however, of the muck lands does not of the dry season are.easily overcome whole area of the muck lands of Manufacturing Company's station,
be decomposition by artificial irrigation which on account four miles from the experimental fieldat
seem to subject to complete Florida is particularly well suited to<
by the natural processes of of the level surface of soil and< the growth of rice. In regard to the Runnymede. Soil No. 2 was froma

decay. The humic bodies, consisting the short distance which the water actual success of rice culture, however, portion of the field which had beenin

largely of carbon, appear to be capa must be pumped, is rendered practically it is not possible to speak from any cultivation for only a short time.

/ ble of resisting partially, if not altogether easy. By establishing a pump] but theoretical considerations, inas No. 3 was taken frdm a spot further
branch of the lake and back, on the lands of the same company -
the oxidation to which they] near a raisingthe much as until the present year no ex
are exposed by cultivation. There i is: water about eight feet, the wholeof periments of any consequence have near the prairies. The resultsof

considerable danger, however, from the muck lands can be easily irri been made in rice culture. Duringthe the analyses are given in the follow-

fire, especially during the dry season. gated. It is not necesary that the< present season several thousandacres ing table:

When fires are once started with dry) water be brought: to the surface of the< have been planted in rice on the No.I. No.2. No.3.

muck they continue to burn until the soil at all, as, on account of the muck and semi-muck lands of the
Insoluble matter.......... 23.21 2145 40.80
lands are flooded on the accession of porous nature of the muck, the landis State and the result of this trial will Soluble silica.....:........... .02 .02 ..o8Potash.
........................ II .10.07
the rainy season. But even in cases thoroughly moistened by sub-irrigation be awaited with interest by those interested Soda..........................I) .IS .10
where a complete burning of the soils ; it is only necessary to bring the in the agriculture of that re Lime.......................... 1 .16 .10
Magnesia .................... .01 .01 .007
by conflagrations of this kind is observed water high enough to allow it to flow gion. Peroxide of iron,alumiua.. 3 2. 183
the does into the ditch to add......... .... .I9 .1 .09
drainage secure a Phosphoric
depression not
appear In regard to theCULTURE ................ .01 .01 .01
to be: very great and these places are complete permeation of the soil with Organic Sulpuricacid matter.............- 68 11 70.52 53.56
OF RICE
entirely above the water line, except, moisture. Upon the whole, therefore, Carbonic loss..r.add, chlorine, and.... 4. 46 3.263
perhaps, in times of very severe rains. in regard to precipitation, it may be it may be said that it can be grown on -

There is, therefore, it is thought, no said that the climate of the central t the muck lands of slight depth, known 0 100. 100.000

danger in the future of such a depres- peninsula of Florida is favorable, not as prairie lands. These lands often These analyses were made before

sion of the land as to render unavail -only to the growth of staplessugarand have a covering of only a few inches the establishment of the experiment

ing the drainage which has been ac rice-but also for market garden- of muckunderneath, of which is found station at Runnymede. On the establishment -
complished. ng. firm, hard, white sand. These landsare of this station it was
suitable to the culture of cane
not ,
/ In make
toTHE
regard deemed advisable to a more
OF
THE CLIMATEis
QUESTION but are supposed to be well suited,to of the soils from the
TEMPERATURE complete: analysis
also one of prime: importance, especially the growth of rice.STEAMBOAT this four
favorable conditions obtained. station itself. For purpose
in consideration of the culture equally
CULTIVATION. samples of soil were taken, two of
of sugar and rice. Frosts are of rare occurrence, and
In regard to precipitation, the when they do occur usually do but Another important consideration in them from the station and two from
climate of Florida is divided distinctly little injury. Only twice in eight Connection with the muck lands of the old> cultivated land, in order to determine -

. into a rainy and a dry season. The years have the eyes of the cane been Okeechobee country is found in the the degree of change which

rainy season begins early in the summer injured by frost, and even in these method contemplated for their culti- would take place during cultivation.The .
all killed. In vation. These lands will be intersected [ two samples which: were taken
in the latter part of May or June, cases: they were not '
and continues until about the middleof no instance has cane been known to by numerous drainage canals, from the station are shown.
Florida and of these canals not only Sample No. i was taken from the
September or the ist of October. freeze in the peninsula by means
From October to June the climate of during the period over which the can the land be cultivated by steam front part of the station, near the

the central peninsula of Florida is observations extend. It may be said, from engines carried on boats in the cypress grove Sample No. 2 was
that need be canals themselves but also the taken from the back part of the sta-
essentially dry, although showers may therefore, no danger apprehended products
frequently occur. This distribution of > by the planter, even in the of the fields can be transportedon ion land, near the pine land. These

the rainfall has its advantages. So central portion of the peninsula, from the same canal, with an economy two samples show the two distinctive

far as the culture of rice is concerned, frost. On account of this immunity which will render the competition of :haracters -of the muck. The first
it is extremely advantageous. The from frost the cane may be allowed mule or horse power methods of cultivation ample; i.c i? a muck of a brown color

rainy season occurs during the time to ripen during the months of November almost impossible. Competent which drains easily and is very po-

when the rice fields are to be flooded, and December, and grinding operations -I engineers have made estimates for the DUS. No. 2 is a muck of a deep

and thus the necessity for artificial need not begin until January or actual cost of steam cultivation, on the lack color, more compact, and less

flooding is greatly diminifhed by thereat even later. The climatic conditionsf canal system indicated above, and, alLowing easily drained. Sample No. 3 was

rainfall of the summer. There : temperature, therefore, in this re- for all contingencies of unex-I taken from the orchard of the St.492. .






..
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,..,
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JUNE 23,1892] THE FLORIDA DISPATCH, FARMER AND FRUIT.GROWER.493


-

Cloud plantation, about four miles SOFT PHOSPHATES.A into consideration the highest grades HOW TO APPLY IT.

from the station, from a portion of the Natural Fertilizer of Immediate and the most uniform pay the best. As for methods of application, it is

land which at present is planted ir Value. PHOSPHATES WITHOUT TREATMENT. suggested that they should be supefficial -

grapes, and has been in cultivation for ; the soft phosphate should be

,five years, principally in vegetables. Prof. Lawrence Johnson, the United You may say I am wandering away I spread over the surface, and not buriedtoo
I .
Sample No. 4 was taken from a field States Geologist, who has been en from the.point-the availability of soft deep; plowing in, it is thought,

on the St. Cloud plantation which ha; gaged for three years in studying the phosphates without acid treatment. would make small difference. Not so

been in cultivation in cane for five geology of Florida, gives a corres Not at all, only laying a foundation the muck ; this should lie directly

years. pondent of the Times Union his views, to show the practicability of so using upon the surface, where it can have

In samples i and 2 is shown a complete on this subject, from which we extract it and of its superiority for such pur full benefit of the rains. Caustic or

section of the soil from the top the following items of practical inter poses over the other forms. Floats,, burnt lime, it is thought, would be an

and the sand below. Samples 3 and est: or finely ground hard rock, has long injury and no benefit because it would

taken from the been in use and regarded as valuable.In the muck
4 were purposely surface COMPOSITION. cause to decompose too

in order to show the effect of the soft phosphate the separation into rapidly. The amount of carbonic acid
The soft phosphate is not chemically i.
cultivation and oxidation on the char fine particles is more perfect than the and ammonia and potash set free from
a different material from other mere mechanical sub division by grind the of the
of the soil.
acter body decomposed vegeta-
forms of phosphate of lime, but is ing hard rock, and, therefore, in pro tion is but small, and of small value

peculiar in its lithological character portion to its purity it must be the
the action of the unde
o.III q 61 .""...o......., .0")00..,...,......,,h'" N. lID... istics. It may, like any other, be low most advantageous form of using it compared muck to for the
composed as a laboratory
1-4 u 0S. trite ..: grade or high grade. As a fact, it is without acids. .
of the and
.. zea t seldom so homogeneous in large absorption gaseous matters
HOW DOES IT BECOME PLANT FOOD ? the evolution of ammonia. .
= ... masses or quantities as to be of com
... .000 ."OMOC 'O *>
z 0 u '" O 01'\0 ."..ct5\" OO-O ..OI .... aw mercial importance. From its very But, you say, this is the very mat- TRUE VALUE OF MUCK.


I .a; mixed with impurities in its genesisand become plant food without the acid compounds from the rains, which

t tO 588 rI S)g. sa also in mining. Yet, as producedat treatment? The citing of one author- otherwise would largely be returned to

: I k 0""' ,...'.".. ""''\0\0''''''0. '" V...). the mines in Florida it seldom falls ity-that of your distinguished State the air. So that, in addition to its

under 30 per cent. of phosphate of Chemist, Dr. Norman Robinson- own humus acids, it gives out nitric

U) *6 Z r v 00*.V..)h 00 00.,0..........., \0'"' lime, and often exceeds 70 percent. ought to be a sufficient popular an- acid to aid in action upon the phos

00 gw! w a.Wa o o e'C a f ti The lowest grades of it are richer in swer. He and several other leading phates or to combine with and retain

o ?:C w ado t phosphoric acid than can be requiredin chemists, whom he quotes, seem to the great stimulus, ammonia.

] xJ I '; any fertilizer, and far more so thanis think that the only advantage to be You ask about the ,
a'8 I ;: vp r.-r.n o.>o. M. hn f* ::.. .
8: 3 V30OOO *7 offered in the fertilizers of the mar obtained by the previous solution in QUANTITIES.TO BE APPLIED,
2'
r
;
-tIC Qs_, u SIC a k ; lOViM ket. acid is to bring about this fine divisionof the proportions ? Really, I have the

o :. .: :. .. :. .; :. :. THE CRUDE PRODUCT.It particles, for, as a fact, the expo least notion in the world. I would

.: :. .: :. :. :. :. .: is contended, however, that the sure of the acid phosphate to the say again this must be a question of

;. :. :. :. :. i: :. phosphorus in the natural crude product action of soil and atmosphere brings experience. I found intelligent gentlemen -
: about an immediate release, or, precipitation
: : : : : at Citra making experimentson
w. .: : : : tt = : = : .; ... is not in a form available to the of the of lime

6 :iii: : ; :i. i :J. o crops. This is a question for the agricultural phosphate off seize, a large scale, Mr. Bishop, Mr.
... .>7..z.: : .-s :- >7 Z chemists and inasmuch the dissolving-acids going to Wyckoff, Professor Washburn, Dr.

T.- a... .: .8... I i*.&. a... .a.. as upon other substances for which thereis Kells of that place, who will be able
.. discovered little
i : these have as yet very
SsSs
.: 111 IBS::: :. about nature's methods, it is more greater affinity; and thus the calcium in a few months more to form judge
: : is left to its own devices to
phosphate the which will be of
ments subject
ISfll on
:
: : : certain and reliable to appeal to ex in
reach the required combinations
-' value I under-
periment. As a fact, so far as can be to organge growers.
iii W i learned, those who have tried it once the flowers and fruit of plants. stand some experiments of similar

are trying it again. Applied alone, DISSOLVED IN HUMIC ACID. character have been made at Gaines-
The above show the ville in truck and strawberries.
figures compo farming -
the benefit is said to be great in orange how
sition of the soil in layers of one foot. Still comes the inquiry, can The soft phosphates are in great
and on strawberries. Appliedwith is it is desired .
That
groves these things be? ,
Sample No. i had a-depth of three is and demand in Orange county and other
effect
muck, the greater, into the secrets of
feet, but the last foot was largely still. So to penetrate i districts, but I "have not heard of the
with muck. and lime, greater feared that with
be
nature. It is to
mixed with sand, as is shown by the systematic combination with muck as
it is generally reported. Others, again, all man's penetration, with all his
decrease in carbon nitro Citra.
,:hydrogen, materials largely as at
think either of these applied
shrewdness and nature
perseverance .
and and the
absorptive
gen ,
power separately has as much effect as all to. will still have her mysteries. An em-
increase in mineral or nonvolatile mat them We hear that there is going up an-
whilst still others
gether; regard inent chemist, Dr. Charles L. Reeseof
ter. other turpentine still and farm at or
all as inert, compared with the soluble "The Citadel," Charleston, S. C.,
ABSORPTION OF WATER. near the Natural Bridge in the lower
.. commercial acid-phosphate. Theseare who has recently been making investi--

Under the column "absorption" is questions I am not prepared to gations in this very line, finding it impossible part of the county. Columbia's rev-

given the percentage of water which discuss. to obtain satisfactory resultsin enue from lumber, turpentine and rosinis

the perfectly dry soil will absorb. It great, but what will we have to do
alone decided he
PHOSPHATES.In the
THREE FORMS OF laboratory ,
-is seen that the pure muck, where their action in their na- when this is exhausted.-Lake City
to study
unmixed with sand, will absorb more a general way, leaving out minor says, and under circumstances Tobacco Plant
tive condition, -
than its own weight of water, in one distinctions, the phosphates of Florida like those :
as nearly as possible
case almost double its weight. The may be said to occur in three forms:
in He
under which they act nature.
importance of this property in times First, the compact or hard rock; sec- could be AFamilyAffairHealth
found calcium phosphate
; of drouth and in relation to subirriga.tion ond, the pebble, and, third, the soft in ,
and
Of the first the minesof held in solution, especially for the Baby,
must not be overlooked. The phosphates.
humic acids of
combination with the Pleasure for the Parents,
and Withlacoochee (
Dunnellon
of in the of
nitrogen
Dyer
quantity afford the Of the second fresh water swamps, and to this com- New Life for the Old Folks.
muck immediately above thesand is region type. .
bination he traces the principal source
b much less than in other parts of the the best known is the gravel of Peace of the Carolina

of the nodular phosphates r
soil, but this is not due to any impoverishment river, but the land pebble of Paradise beds. This being true, it is Hires'J
and Hawthorn is essentially the same
of the muck itself, but to actionin

the great admixture of sand. In the thing; whilst the third differs from all easy to comprehend of rain-water a reverse and rot-
the
dry muck which has not been culti others in being more or less friable presence
Root Beer
ting leaves and growing vegetation.
vated the value of the nitrogen and therefore easily reduced to pow r ,
i
Bearing up&n our inquiry, then, we
reaches in one case $10.19 per ton, der. k
have as a corollary, first, that soft THE GREATtTEMPERANCE
estimating nitrogen at eighteen cents a Waiving the degree of richness and

4 pound. Cultivation for a few years, homogeneity, which are of such great phosphates are preferable to hard, or DRINK

reduces the of in the manufacturer it is to floats, as a direct application to
nitrogen to ,
percentage importance
,
that in combination ., 'Is a family affair-a requisite
second
the soil
the surface soils, as is indicated by manifest there ought to be a great ad- ; of the home. A 25 cent
of soft with calcium carbonate (not burnt or package makes G gallon of
the numbers obtained with samples 3 vantage in the use phosphate.Its
r quick lime), solvent action will be a delicious, strengthening,
and 4. ready reduction into impalpable effervescent bevcrajc.i .
third that with the
--- the simplest mechanical promoted; pres-

Hereford's Acid Phosphate.For powder contrivances by would place it at the ence of muck, swamp mud, or rotten i Don't the sake be of deceived lann-r profit If a dealer,tells you for

Sunstroke.It leaves, the best results may be ex- some other kind Is",Jost as good
head of the list were it not for the cost -tis false. No Imitation isaa coodas
relieves the prostration and nervow de. of transportation. When this comes pected, the genuine huts;
ran r ement.






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:-THE FARM ERSLLIANCL I -, :




ORGAN OF THE STATE FRn1VIEnS( fllililAHCE AND IJlDUSTRlRIi UNION




Vol VI. _, "Agriculture is the Basis of Wealth." No. 25.



PRESIDENT POLK DEAD. An Income Tax. Just so long as we follow the old I r me down as chronic grumbler, but

A Northern exchange, commentingon style of voting for a man for a county I I hear so many complaints about the

The National Farmers' AllianceS the demand for a graded incometax office simply because he is a "good management of the public school fund

ffers a Great Loss. which has appeared in many clever fellow" or "he is my neighbor"or that I will mention some of them in

o The death of Colonel Polk is an ir. Democratic State platforms, declares "he is poor and needs the office," my next letter.-Bradford County

reparable loss, alike to the Alliance that such a tax would inevitably leadto without regard to his qualifications or Telegraph. .

cause and to the People's Party. He perjury. There is something fascin- fitness for the office, just so long will ?
Do not the farmers of Florida of
was to have been the candidate of the ating about this dictum, says the At we have misrule; now it is all right K ,
hold and
People's Party (for the Presidency. He lanta Constitution. like these clever fellows, neighbors, Washington land for county speculative, monopolize ?

was loved by the Alliancemen all over Under a graded income tax law, and the poor and needy, but it is not purposes
and
the country.: He was respected as a the men with moderately comfortable just and fair either to them or the tax Do they not own pay taxes upon
land than and cultivate
courageous and honest man by all par- incomes would not have to pay a very payers to put them into positions for more ? Are they they in can earnest use when

large tax; there would be no incen- which they are neither fitted by nature
ties.The there is anything aboutit
following is taken from a re tive for them to commit perjury. The nor education. We want men for our they say wrong
? Is it of for
.'. cent sketch of President Polk's life: conclusion is inevitable, therefore, that county offices who will take "a public any more a wropg
land he don'tuse
to monopolize
Colonel Leonidas L. Polk, Presidentof the men with large incomes would office as a public trust" and not as a one man
than for another? And
why
the National Farmers' Alliance, is a freely perjure themselves in order to private snap. We have plenty of good, should alien ownership of land be

man who has become known to the escape: the payment of the tax. competent men in the county to fill
? Is there that
country during the past two years, but What could be more interestingthan every office, let the people bring them aliens prohibited become any of way land in

in North Carolina, his native State, he this ? One would suppose that out, let the office seek the man this can owners
this it and
has been favorably regarded for many men with large incomes would-be first time and see if we cannot do better. country except to buy pay
for it? In that don't
.years. At the early age of twenty-two among those who uphold the law. A We want a man who will look as closely land for the case alien's we exchangeour ? What

he was elected to the North Carolina prosperous citizen needs the protec- after the public purse as he does his money
member of the Alliance in this
State Legislature, and served in that tion of the law a great deal more than own private affairs, and who can, county
but would sell his land if he of-
body during the years 1860 and 1861 the pauper, or the citizen who is not when petitions come in for useless were
fered for it? Would it
At the close of the war he was returnedto prosperous. He has larger interestsat bridges over dry branches and gullies, enough gold
be to his interest to he should not
the General Assembly of the State, stake. Consequently there is entertainment no matter by whom they may be pre have the of say alien's
taking an
and was a delegate to the State Con- as well as information in sented, have the manliness to say NO, privilege .
for his land? Are not alien land.
stitutional Convention called by Pres- the statement that when a tax on the and say it very emphatically, too. gold

ident Johnson in 1865. He was elected incomes of the rich is levied, whole- Our county has more bridges than any owners just as good taxpayers as na
tive Americans and don't Americans
Commissioner of Agriculture in sale perjury would eusue. county of its size in the State, and we
have the sole of taxation
1877, and served until 1880, when he We are inclined to think that this they are a heavy expense, even the power
with ? There be in
us can no danger
resigned.In argument against an income tax is in necessary ones alone, without adding
of land
1886 Colonel Polk founded The the nature of a slander. We do not anything useless and unnecessary. foreign ownership so long as
have the and collect
Progressive Farmer and began the or- believe that any large number of our There are other abuses which mightbe we power to lay
All the fuss about alien
ganization of farmers' clubs. He'is rich people would perjure themselvesin mentioned in our county expense taxes. own-
of land is bosh and
credited with starting no less than 500 order to keep from paying the tax. account that need correcting and will ership nonsense.
It makes difference whetherthe
organizations in his own State. In It is the most equitable tax that can be if we only put the right man in the i no to me
land whom I
1887 he openly espoused the cause oi f be levied. It is the only tax that can right place. If the people will only lives in London owner to New York pay rent

the Farmers' Alliance, and ever since reach those who ought to pay highestfor rise in their might and put these offi- St. Andrews or Egypt.*

has been active in its councils. To- the benefits of a good government.It cious rings and syndicates to the rear Messenger..,

day he is the President of the National is the only tax that will reach the and elect only good, true and tried *-*
From the deputies waiting on the
organization, and has served it bothas rich. The poor man pays the tax on men to positions of honor and trust, term of court in session this

a State Secretary and as Vice-Pres- the house he rents-taxation in all its and let these self-appointed leaders present
and last week the Plant learns that
ident. His part in the recent conven- forms falls.on him. If the taxes of who have grown "fat and sassy" at ,
the corn as a whole over the
tion at St. Louis has been commentedupon the rich were as large in proportion as the public crib take sight between a crop, ,
is far better than could
very favorably by many papersall taxes of the poor, the tax rate, falling mule's ears for their rations for a yearor country sibly be, expected while some of pos-the

over the country. equitably on all, would be very low. two, I think we would do better, ,
farmers claim to have just as good
Colonel Polk is, in the truest sense Another contemporary calls an in- and that seems to be the general opin-
as they have had in
of that much abused phrase, a self- come tax a "class tax." Very well.It ion. I hope your readers will not set Tobacco crops Plant. years.-

made manLeft an orphan at the falls on a class who are able to pay

age of fourteen, he began the struggle it. All taxes may be thus described. ,

of life single handed. Reared on a Those who have property belong to a .
Atcrn: ;:>m }'ug i i- a h| itraitof the late Prof. \-A 1
farm, his inclinations naturally followed class, as we employ the term, and the '
war \ Ph Ips, M. D., LL. D. of DartmouthCo
this bent, and he adopted farm Ie property class pays the taxes. Isn'tit \
fie was a strongable who stool
cge. man,
ing as a means of livelihood.He better to tax wealth than to squeeze
l 1 Hr"nin tly Jiterary: and scientific worlds. It is not
comes of a distinguished family, taxes out of poverty or out of strug--
r geitrrtjjl/\\"n, but it isnevertheless,the truth
of which President James K. Polk was gling industry? ,
that Prof. the
, IVielps was discoverer of what i i"
an illustrious scion. The subject is a very large one. known to tile Medical profession and Chemists

tv At the time of his death be was servo We have seen a good many arguments universally as Paine's Celery Compound, unquestionably

ing his third term as President of the against an income tax, but we have one of the most valuable discoveries

Farmers' Alliance, to which he has: never seen one that had reason behind z{ w : of this century. This remarkable compound is i

.
given so much of his time and atten it. Such a tax becomes more and more not a nervine, an essence, a sarsaparilla, or any

tion.Colonel necessary in this country every day. devised article, but a discovery, and it marks a

Polk's home was at Raleigh, We think it is better for the very rich distit.ct. step in medical practice and the treatment t

N. C. He leaves a wife and three, to begin to pay taxes on their incomes of nervous complications the great tf'ft'

,. children. He was about 54 years old. now rather than postpone it to the day of all modern diseases-Paresis. It has {bun

.' The National Economist states that t when poverty, wild-eyed with hunger, freely admitted by the best medical talent in the

Colonel Polk died of blood poisoning, shall rise up and demand larger tolls. \ land,and also by the leading chemists and scientists -

caused abdominal ,-*-. ,that for nervous troubles, nervous exhaw
by an tumor. Tha
Late PROF. PH E L P S
> Peaches are coming into market but ion, insomnia, debility, senility, and even the

ForMalaria, Liver Trouble the price is very high. The crop is dreaded and terrible Paresis, nothing has ever been discovered i which,reaches the disorder

not near so short as was predicted a and restores health equal to this discovery of Prof Phelps.

,or Indigestion,useBROWN'S few months it would be.-Ouincy
ago DON'T BE FOOLED, ** claims / Dealers who hare imitations oJDiasondD; 1If4 Frj
IRON BITTERS "' -
Herald.
ruui.czVua tt aJwmij FAMILY| AND FANCY DYE' .








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.Tm 23, 18921 THE FLORIDA DISPATCH, FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER. t 495 "

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WEATHER AND CROPS. June. Drying weather with northeast Equivalent in Weights for Meas- Vegetables from France.

winds.] continuation Our crop-oranges of the -will require favorable ures. Here is a hint from an article in the
For the Week Ending June 20,1892 only present Many requests have come for a table -
I weather to insure an average crop. Country Gentleman describing the
I RAINFALL.A DeFuniak Springs-Rains seasonal and which would give a sure equiva-

belt of drought, or deficient and well distributed. Cow peas, sweet pota- lent of small quantities by weight. markets of New, York, which our

; scattered precipitation, extended across toes, millet, Spanish peanuts and rice Here is a list for the materials most Florida growers ought to take:

I the State from the northeast to the south- still being planted. Crops doing well. commonly used in the kitchen. The A consignment of vegetables received -
west coasts during the past week. At a Eustis-Vegetables were affected by
few points on either side of this belt, the drouth during the first part of the spices are all ground : about the middle of March was

i similar conditions prevailed. Within week. Heavy rains around the lakes Ginger heaping teaspoonful 3 and Ocklawaha. I Uleat Cinnamon-I heapingteaspoonful I, % ounce. They
this dry area, crops are suffering and the upper lightning
Allspice
i outlook, in the continued absence of pre- nightly south, east and west. measure, % ounce.i heapin teaspoonful generous came from southern France, and are

cipitation, is quite unfavorable for crops Green Cove Springs-Drouth affectingall I Cloves -i teaspoonful, slightly heaped, J such as have been heretofore shipped

and yields. Reports from Sumter county crops.HypoluxoWhat. ounce.l\Iace-I heaping teaspoonful, # ounce. largely to London. There were large
fruit the drouth left ,
state that the cotton crop in that county Nutmegs equal i ounce.
r is almost a failure. Without the 'dry on the trees was nearly] all shaken off by Pepper heaping teaspoonful, }4 ounce. fine, white cauliflowers, asparagus,
belt, crops and estimated yields are reported the wind on the 10th instant. Salt Mustard-i teaspoonful,% ounce. artichokes, celery, sea kale mush-
rounding teaspoonful, U ounce.
good. Reports from correspon Homeland-Orange trees in fair con- Cream-of-Tartar 2 teaspoonfuls, slightly rooms and rhubarb. All had been
dents in Lee county indicate that the dition due to recent rains. heaped, % ounce. kept in cold and in
onion crop, which had almost matured, Jupiter-Rains have improved pine- SOda-I teaspoonful slightly heaped % ounce. storage were per-
apples and other fruit which Powdered sugar-I tablespoon % ounce. fect condition. Such shipments are
was injured somewhat by the heavy were re- Granulated sugari heaping tablespoonful, K
rains that have recently visited that sec- tarded by the long: drouth. More sun- ounce. likely to increase. Of course fancy
tion. Shipments of melons and tomatoesare shine needed. Baking powder-I heaping teaspoonful, '% prices are received, and the future
reported as having begun in the Kissimmee-Recent rains have done i I ounce. will be limited
Butter-i rounding tablespoonful, % ounce. supply probably only
western portion of the State. The corn much good. Orange trees developing Flour-i rounding tablespoonful % ounce. by the number of those able and will-
Jung bloom. Tea-3 scant teaspoonfuls
crop in sections is still improvingand U ounce.
many
frequent showers with plenty of Lloyds-Weather favorable for crops. Coffee Bread-crunibs, roasted berry-I grated--i tablespoonful cupful, %ounce. ing to pay the price. .
2
sunshine will insure an average yield. Gentle and abundant showers. Canta- Stemmed raisins-; cupful 6 ounces.ounces. Of course many of these vegetables

Favorable] reports come from the pineapple loupes and tomatoes, though late on account English currants, cleaned cupful, 6 ounces. compete with our own products, although -
of drouth Rice-i cupful, 8 ounces.
are being shipped. Crop
growing section along the Indian Indian l\Ieal-1 cupful, 6 ounces. they may not meet the latter
Much rain has fallen there dur- fair, fruit good. Watermelons premis-
river. Chopped meat-i solidly-packed cupful, 8
in their natural But of
ing the past three weeks and great improvement ing but none yet shipped. ounces. season. many
is noted in vegetation Lake City-Fine weather for working Pastry flour-i cupful, 4 ounces. them can be grown in hothouses and
gener- New Process flour-i scant cupful,
4 ounces.
ally. Pineapples are now being shipped{ and cleaning crops. Corn needs rain Butter solidly-packed cupful, q ounces. prove profitable at the prices receivedfor
in considerable quantities. No precIpi- every few davs at this season. Severe Sugar.i cupful granulated,8 ounces. foreign ones. Then again
tation is reported from Lawtey, Crescent wind on 10th, with rain, crossed the liquids cupful of ordinary liquid, 8 ounces. grown truckers ,
Southern have
City, Crawfordville and Mohno.\ Meas- county south of station, blowing from The cups used in these estimates our a wide
northeast to southwest. field open to them, which they have
ured amounts are reported as follows hold half a pint old measure. Theyare
from 17 stations, viz: Jacksonville, 0.74; Lawtey-No rain since 7th when 1.23;; made of tin, and divided into but just entered.
Green Cove Springs, O.Oo;;; Orange City, inches fell. Crops again suffering from .
and thirds. all first-
0.10; Titusville, 0.20; Jupiter, 3.G6; Hy- drought. Heavy rain now ((19th) falling. quarters Nearly The female dormitory building of
4.04 2.65 1.50 Lake Buddy near Dade City-Recent class kitchen furnishing stores keep
poluxo, : Myers, ; Tampa, ;
heavy rains have caused to recoverto them and should the Stetson University is to be a three-
Tarpon Springs, 0.75; Bristol, 0.83; Pen- crops every housekeeper
sacola, 1.11; Oxford, 2.22; Eustis, 1.44; a considerable extent from effects of have a set. story brick, and its estimated cost is
Orlando, 0.20; Kissimmee, 0.57; Home- the late drouth, and have developedcorn -.8e about$20,000. The people DeLand

land, 0.34; Avon Park, 1.78. Myers\ cane-Three, rice, etc.thunderstorms during Captain Patrick Houston has a tobacco have subscribed$7,000 for its erection.

TEMPERATURE.The'temperature the week. Heavy thunder, faint light- plantation that will compare Those parts of the "lakes" around

while normal for the ning. favorably with any in Gadsden county.He Lake City that went dry during the

State and beneficial, was in excess and Molino-All crops still suffering from has a sulky machine for setting out drought are furnishing most excellent
in the belt
injurious dry generally. drought.Orlando-Crops generally slightly suf- the plants that does the work to per pasturage for stock. Some places the '

SUNSHINE. fering from drouth, while orange trees, f fection.Tallahasseean. grass is waist high.-Tobacco Plant.i'
The sunshine for the State normal
was ,
reviving: from drouth are acrain bloom]
-- --- -- ----
but increased tie drouth the
damage iu -
ing. Good crop of peaches being gath
sections in which rainfall was deficient.

WIND. ered.Orange City Jrouth conditions, THREE STYLES. Spading

The prevailing winds were southeast. which had again set in, were broken by FIVE MORGAN
Severe local storms are reported from showers on Saturday. Sunday cloudy SIZES. Harrow

some sections, notably in Columbia and and showery. Thousands The Heat nil around Rotary Harrow and Pulverizer
Dade counties on June 10th and 11th. Oxford-Corn crop and large orange told. NO EQUAL for Fall plowed land, Stubble. Vineyards -
and peach Orchards I eaves no
In the former, trees were uprooted and trees relieved and benefited by recent furrow or ridge. Angle of teeth adjustable. Bend
corn was blown down, cotton and other rains. Cotton a failure. Good prospectsfor for Catalogue. Mention this Paper. Address

crops were more or less injured. The corn and potatoes. 0 S. MORGAN & CO. Brockport N.Y.
storm in Dade county developed a windof Pensacola Drouth shortened crops ,
hurricane velocity from east northeast. but recent rains have been very benefi- ---- -- -- -- -- -----
The barometer dropped to 29.6:). The cial. Fair yields promised.St. I 1888-1892. '
i storm was accompanied by heavy rain Petersburg-Heavy showers north
and much of the fruit which survivedthe and south of station. Rain badly neededin FRAj1IcLlIN SYSTEM OF IR1 IGATIO .
effects of the drouth was shaken this immediate vicinity.
from the trees. A severe thunderstorm, Tampa-Crops are in good conditionand '
I accompanied by heavy rain and a gale of promise the usual yield. THE MOST ECONOMICAL .REMABtE'AND EFFICIENT. ;

wind passed over Duval county from the Tarpon] Springs Drouth practically
, southeast on the evening of June 20th. unbroken over an area of three to five In Successful Use Since 1888in
At Jacksonville, the wind blew at the miles from this station. Everything suf-

rate of thirty:eight miles per hour from fering. Orange Groves and Vegetable Gardens in size from six acres to one. -.
the'southeast for five minutes, and rain Titusville-Little rain during the past
fell at the rate of about 3.50 inches. per week but the ground is in good condition.E. hundred and seventy-five acres. ; ;

hour for u short time. Jacksonville Florida. R. June DEMAIN 21st,,1892.Director. I have perfected, and tested by use, an arrangement of light steel*- "
REMARKS BY CORRESPONDENTS.Avon .
*- <
tubes substitute for the hose.JAMES. '
Park-Heavy showers during thepast Mr. J. A. Wood, the architect of as a perishable

week, though poorly distributed; the Tampa Bay Hotel, has returnedto FRANKLIN, :,
i did much good. from New York and
Amelia-No rain during the past week Tampa com- Montverde, Fla.BLACK .
and all kinds of crops again suffering menced work on the additions to

k from drouth. Tampa's palatial hotel. The old wooden
Bristol Weather for the week just buildings used as servants' quartersare GE TUINE: J IhI4>> ? .

past was hot and dry. 0.83 of an .inch being moved and will be replacedby
of rain fell here on the 16th, but it did
not extend over the county. Crops badly a three story fireproof addition to JAMAICA and PORTO RICO-
injured by drouth.DrooksvilleThe. the hotel, and another story will be

weather during the added to each wing of the building.The .

I past week was good for crops, which are steel beams and other material PINEAPPLE SLIPS

, doing well after the long drouth. have already been ordered and are ..... :"
t ChIpley-Recent rains beneficial,to all -;
1 Corn now on the way here. Mr. Wood hasa D. T. Valentine = "
growing crops. earinjj.Crawfordville Imported by Kingston, Jamaica. Large .
-Corn, which is now large force of men employed and -.
-
shooting and tasselling, needs daily will push the work as rapidly as pos : slips for July delivery. Address,

showers. An average crop, unless un- sible. Everything will be in readinessfor :'.
favorable weather oc urs. :- : JOHN B. BEACH Agent
of the hotel ,
Crescent City-Vegetation doing well the opening next sea- .:

now, owing to rains first two weeks in son.-Tampa Journal. re.1bOU1.1"1e. :h'lca.




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496 THE FLORIDA DISPATCH, FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWT2R. [JUNE 23, 1892





NLOR.DISPATCH I i'f.&ROWEl1 "CENT-A-WORD" COLUMN.To I 1 are guaranteed Tilghman'ft to cure Condition Salt-sick Powders cattle, and prevent One Cottrell Cylinder

tul 1: cholera in chick ns. Best mediCIne for all
I1 U insure insertion in this column, advertise- ( Stock. For sale all over Florida Sample package -
,
R ments must be accompanied by the money. I 1 by mail for 35 cts. W. G. TILGHMAN, Palat-
ARM ER ItJ terra tl.rtN..tNNMa-/JANUARY.IMC Advertisements must not exceed fifty words. I;: ].:a.F/a 4-u-iot .
Postage Stamps received in payment. I[ Press
Count every word including name and address 1200 ACRES OP CHEAPLY IRRIGATED
CHAS. W. DaCOSTA, Publisher. TRUCKING LAND without expensive ,
I I machinery or even artesian wells. A black soil,
___ __'_ _'N_ __........ PINEAPPLE PLANTS for sale. One year old, I| several feet in depth, level as a floor, free from ALSO
TERMS: OF SUBSCRIPTION: Trinidad, 5C; Strawberry, 3C. timber, which can be flooded by the closing of a
Cash with order. GODFREY BROS.,General Merchandise -j at the mouth of the ditch draining the glade.
For One Year ...............................$2.00 Yalah, Lake Co., Fla. it i gate For particulars address GEO. W. HASTINGS,In. ONE WASHINGTON HAND

For Six :Months......... .............. ..... zoo I terlachen, Fla.I .
DITCHING MACHINE-Persons dig I
43-Subscriptions in all cases cash in advance ROOP'S deep ditches or building levees should I OR SALE-one second hand Washington PRESS
have one of Roop's Ditch and Levee Machines. II Hand Press for sale cheap at this o ce. ,
Rates of Advertising on Application. Can be used in getting out muck; with it deep for particular

REMITTANCE should be made by Check, ditches can be dug easily and the dirt removed

to Postal order Note ofFLORIDA, Money Order, or Registered Letter, from ItTilE the banks to avoid caving. Price, $100.00. II CURE FITS Can be Bought Very Cheap.APPLY .


UNKNOWN PEAR, $2.00 per bushel.
DISVATCir, F.IR31ER AA'Jt ducks and l.angshan chicks, four to When I say cure I do not mean merely to stop them TOCHAS.
FRUIT GROWER, I five months old. $1.00 each. Pure and well bred for a time and then have them return again. I mean a

eggs,$1.25 per dozen. W. II. MANN, Mannville, radical cure. I have made the disease: of FITS, EPILEPSY .
W. DACOSTA
Jacksonville, Fla. Putnam Co., Fla. 6-I6-.')! or FALLING SICKNESS a life-long study. I ,
I warrant my remedy to cure the worst cases. Because
. 'I SOUR and bittersweet orange seed for sale in others have failed is no reason for not now receiving aare. Jacksonville Fla.
,
any quantity. ALEX. A. BERRY, New Smyrna Send at once for a treatise and a Free Bottle of
FREE FREE FREE na, Fla. 6-16-41 my infallible remedy. Give Express and Post Office.
Notice of Incorporation.Notice .
I n. O. ROOT, M. C., 183 Pearl St.. V. T.SCARLETorCRIMSONGfaOMEB.
ARTESIAN WELL MACHINERY-For sale, or is hereby given of the formation of a corporation
for cows, or orange and lemon under the general laws of Florida The name
trees. A. A. BALDWIN, Georgiana, Fla. of the corporation Is General Finance Corporation,
6-16-6t Limited.'' Its places of business are St. Augustine,
Florida;New York City New York; London. England -
,and such other places as the Board of Directors
A BOON TO AGRICULTURE.We .
A Bargain.To may,from time to time appoint The general nature
WHITNER'SGARDENING have the variety that is tested and accli of the business Is the formation of a company to
make room for young stock we will! sell for promote or aid In In the formation of steam
mated. We offer pedigree seel crop of 92, in any way
thirty days at a great reduction : Langshans, spected and guaranteed, in sealed bags. For the railway,electric railway,street railway,steamshipor
Golden and Silver Wyandottes, White Leghorns, steamboat corporations, or of corporations for
the Delaware
scarlet Clover Bulletin, No. 16, of -
Silver Spangled Hamburgs, Pekin ducks, White the purpose of producing or furnishing electricityfor
Agricultural Experiment Station, circulars,
Rocks Indian Games and Bronze any purpose or for the manufacturing of elec-
IN FLORIDA Phymouth Write and first choice. The prices, etc., address the growtrsThe Delaware trical machinery and apparatus and appliances of
turkeys. soon get Fruit Kxchange. SAM'L II. DERBY" all kinds or for any other business and to constructor
most of this stock has been in my breeding pens Sec'y. "'oObldc, Delaware. 6g4tEVAPORATOR promote or aid in any way in the construction or
the past year aud are not more than twelve to -- -- equipment of the railways,steamships, steamboats
sixteen months old. E. W. AMSDEN, Ormond, or plants of any such corporations and of any corporations -
Fla. 6-i6-2t now existing or hereafter to be organized;
to construct build purchase,own and operate,lease,
FREE TO ALL. PAPER-Cheaper than house iu F R U I T sell or dispose of works or prop rty of any character
WALL any THE ZIMMERMAN, connected. with or of use to any such corporationsas
state. Samples, prices and instructions The Standard Machine are named In this notice;loaoquire.hold,own and
free,by mail. J. F. ROBINSON, 15 W. Bay street, Different ilztt and price. Illustrated Catalogue. tr... Invest, trade and deal In stocks.bonds securities
Jacksonville, Fla. 3-24-601 THE IILYMTE1CIiLONWORKS CO.Claetasatl,0. obligations and contracts grants concessions, and
franchises of every kind and to trade and deal In
-- ---- -
goods wares and merchandise,and real and personal
FLORIDA'S advantages for small investments, They are the sweetest, property generally;to act as agents for corporations,
instate Journal," Arcadia, Fla. THE LATEST most complete, tone sustaining firms and Ind ivlduals.Sta ts and municipalities In the
$1.00 per year: sample, with state map, 10 cents. durable and per- Issuance of their stocks,bonds securities and obligations -
and In the management and disposition of
-t2in (t'ctlU4Jc lioxe
3 24 made
Until April 1 1st, 1892, I will mall to warranted in property of all kinds; to make guarantees of every
( every reINVENTION kind and description and to transact anyagency
For Florida Trade. wpeot), and any number and mercantile business; to acquire construct .
all subscribers remitting $2.00 for The Lakeland Nurseries are again to the front INSWISS tunes can he obtained for ,malntalu and operate telegraph lines tele-

with 15,000 orange and lemon buds, consisting of them. (Improvement Patented phone line.,water works, gas works and oil works
renewal or new subscription,a varieties budded in Switzerland and manufacturles of electrical machinery and apparatus
copy
12 prominent on sour sweet .
United States. and appliances of all kind.?,and to produce,provide,
and grapefruit roots,one to four years old, and a ) furnish and maintain electricity and the application
of "Whitner's Gardening In Flor- fine stock of seedling grapefruit and sour trees; We manufacture especially thereof for any purpose whatever,and to construct
also complete stock of decidious trees. C. M. '" I for direct family trade and we maintain and operate public and private works of
MAT.SH, Proprietor, Lakeland, Fla. 6i6t guarantee our instruments far all kinds to carry on the business of mlnlul coal.iron
ida. superior to the Music Boxes gold sliver copper and other minerals ores,and
usually made for the wholesale the working,!smelting refining, manufacturing and
To all who remit $5.00 I will send FOR SALE Whipporwill pees, per bushel, f.o. trade and sold by general merchandise st lUng there>f;to lease railways,Including street railways .
., $2.00; Conch peas(limited quantity), per ,dry goods and music ,and to maintain and operate the same by the
pound, post paid, zoc; Chufa seed, per pound, use of !steam electricity or other power,and to own.
this paper and the "World's Columbian post paid, 350; per peck, f. o. b., $1.50; pearl stores. Manufacturers'special maintain and operate boats and vessels of all kinds
for
and salesrooms the and the business of
I I agency to carry on transporting freight
millet, per pound, post paid, 35c; four pounds, MUSICBOXES I I celebrated Gem and Concert and passengers by land or water,with powers to b jr-
Exposition Illustrated," for $1.25; ten pounds, f. o. b., $2.00. Send cash with Roller Organs; .play any tune; row or raise money to any amount by the issue or
order. EXCELSIOR SEED FARM, Keuka, Fla. prices, only J6 and|i2. sale of bonds notes,or debentures of the company,
2-4-tf or In any ether manner and to Invest and use the
one year, the subscription price of Old2lnsiclloxescarefully moi.ey so obtained In securities or Investment of
the kind and character hereinbefore specified or f'r
and
Repaired Improved.
which Is $4.00 per annum. $ buys a 25-hprse power portable engine any of the purposes hereinbefore enumerated; to
** and pump in good order II. M.PFANNi jr. (i.flrTtiILI.SONS, do all and everything necessary, suitable or proper
Conant, Fla. 66t .If""ffflt"'r.lI.Salesroom for the accomplishment of any of the purposes or
C. W. DACOSTA the attainment of of the above enumerated
------------------ --- any objects
NOW for prices on anything nurs- !', 1030 Chestnut St. ,either alone or in association with other corporations
PUBLISHER WRITE line. I wilt either supply or tell Philadelphia or firms or Individual i h..amount ..f cap-:
ery you tat stock authorized Is 81,00'.00." ( ) divided Into 1U.UO
where to it. Stock increased.
you get largely G. shares of $HW each to be paid in upou the call of the
L. TABER, Glen St. Mary Nurseries, Glen St. directors The commencement ot the corporatloushall
Mary, Fla. 6- -tf be forthwith and It shall have Its terminationIn
FRUIT TREESFOR ninety-nine years. The business of the mpany
A SCHOOLFitting shall be COL ducted by a President a Vice-President
.ORANGE, grapefruit and lemon trees. All the Secretary, Assistant Secretaries, Treasurer, Assistant
varieties, one and two year buds; Treasurers,a Board of Directors and by such
I extra fine Tardifls. Write for what you want to other officers a* the Board of Directors may. from
SOUTHERN J. C. BLITCII,or Tampa Nurseries, Tampa, Fla. young men for the active duties of life. time to time determine. The highest amount of In-
ORCHARDS.Write 6--trRIPLEY Chartered by the Legislature of Virginia, and cJebedtnem. or liability to which the corporation can,
Council at any time,subject Itself i.. glO.iDO.tm The under.
endorsed by the Chamber of Commerce, ,
for and list.
Catalogue price signed form Its first Board of blrectorn:
QUEEN Pineapple Slips, five dollars and prominent citizens of the city where located. C.A.BEXTO9: ,
JENNINGS NURSERY CO., per Box 642, Orlando, Fla. For catalogue,circulars and testimonials,address T.N.MELVW: ,
Thomaavllle, Ga. 5-26-5t J. G'DUNSMORE. President Staunton. Va. 6 2-4t ALFRED: BISHOP MABO5.





THE PAINE FERTILIZER COMPANY,





OF JAcI o: w1L1LiE: F IiA..,



WHOSE CUSTOMERS ALWAYS SEND TO MARKET EACH SEASON


Finest Oranges, First Strawberries, First Car-Load of Watermelons, and First and Best Vegetables

That always get the very cream of the high prices, will occupy this space henceforth with an advertisement for their celebrated brands of ,



Orange Tree and Vegetable Fertilizers, 1



Their Oyster Shell Gas Lime, and their :-




. Ground Stock Food and Prepared Poultry Food.


..... 'For information, analysis, circulars, price current, etc., describing these articles' address
"

/ ;. TI-IE PAJNJ:: FE ra iilizJ co.,

MANUFACTURERS OF HIGH GRADE COMMERCIAL FERTILIZERS, OFFICE SO WEST It AT ST., JACKSONVILLE, FLA.

;- All prices will be in view of great rivalry and made to meet every possible competitor and should secure your order. Drop us a line for prices, etc., for fertilizers

and material, mentioning this paper. .

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.- ] 23, 1892] t' JHE FLORIDA ItfSPATCH, FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWEii 497

._, _
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THEJACKSONVILLE THE -



KEY WEST SYSTEMAND TAMPA & S. B.' HUBBARD COMPANYiJACKSONVILLE FLORIDA !




FLA.HARDWAREfijANDSSTOVES G
.


EAST COAST LINES, ,! |


Extending Southeast, South and South- bOORS, SASH, BLINDS,'P AINTS, OILS;AND VARNISH.
west from Jacksonville, cover over one

thousand miles of tropical country, and SA'v- MILL SITPPZiIl:9. v

reach all prominent winter andsummer We are State We Have
Agents for the
pleasure resorts! of Florida: One and Two HORSE IIAY RAKES
Horse <,.I
The East Coast In stock.
BUCKEYEMOWERS .,;.
t 8 and G feet tread.
The Great Lake
.. Region, -THE-
The 6 foot is suitable
The Phosphate Fields, for use in Florida Central & Peninsular

A complete Mtock o; ORANGE GROVES.
The Pineapple Fields, JHoicrr and RAILROAD I CO.

m The Orange Groves Jtrjiair Factory on 1'ricca hand at \Wrile' for Prices.WE The Florida Trunk biqe

CARRY A COMPLETE STOCK OF THE FAMOUS"TEXAS
AND -AND-

The Fruit and Vegetable : RANGE PLO'VS," SHORT LINETO TAMPAI
A Full Line of Jtepalrs for Same.

Sections Acme Orange-Grove and Two-Horse Pulverizing Harrows, the Boy In addition to Its long-established connections

Dixie Cast Plows, and a full line of Farm and Agricultural Implementsof with the North by

all descriptions. Agents for the Planet Jr. Horse and Hand Tools, sold River Junction, Live Oak Callahan,Jacksonville -
THREE THROUGH TRAINS and Fernandina,
at factory prices. Send for catalogues. Has this season re-opened

VIA I tie ffiomasville and MonticEllo Route.

In connection with the S.,F.&W.R.K.;the
The Trunk Line Alabama Midland and the L.& N.and the lines
Tropical
iI leading from Chicago, St. Louis, Kansas City
J and the North and West.
.,
These lines are equipped with the latest fI Through Cars from Cincinnati to
Jacksonville and Tampa.
improved modem appliances for the
Fast Schedule, Pullman Sleeper nil Mod-
safety and comfort of passengers., ern Railway Improvement

Our patrons call them the The Florida Central,* Peninsillar> O.

FINEST IN FLORIDA i I is the greatest artery of travel through the
twentyfourcountsGadsdenJelrerson
,Duval,Alachua
Lake, Leon,Suwannee Nassau,Levy Orange,
Trains Leave Jacksonville via J., lUlls borough, Wakulla}l Columbia. Clay,
Marion, Polk, Manatee.Madison Baker Bradford -
{ T. & K. W.: ,Sumter Hernando and DeSoto-in their
.:- .... ....
_. richest portion. It runs through the Mid
8:30 a.m. daily,except Sunday; 12:30: p.m. |I die Flonda llegion of HIll Country where are
daily; 4:20: p.m. daily, except Sunday; \ cjj' the fine oldFarming

8:00: pan. daily, except Sunday. -- Lands faring and the Yew Tolmfto

Arrive 7:30: a.m., 8:00: a.m., 12:55: p.m., (reached by no other line'some of them con-
7:40 p.m.Trains ducted on a large scale. Hero are Ouiney,
I Tl, AN.T JIt.UOC HOE WITH LEVER AND LEVER WHEEL. Tallahassee (the capital}),Montic -Uo. Mudfcon
Leave Jacksonville via East and other towns, from whose comfortable, ,
ample dwellings, reposing In a fertile country
Coast Lines: ,is coming a renewed energy to employ
IRRIATINC MACHINERY the resources lavished about them. Stretching
8:25 a.m. daily, 1:00 p.m. daily, except down throughThe
Sunday; 4:05: p.m. daily. BOTH STEAM, HORSE AND HAND POWER. Peach Countryof
Baker,Bradford,Alachua and Levy counties
Arrive 9:30: a.m., 12:25: p.m., 6:40: p.m. Carry a stock of Steam Pumps, Boilers ,through the prosperous
Strawberry Farm
INDIAN RIVER STEAMERS LEAVE Wrought and Galvanized Pipe, Talves. of Lawtey, Starke and Waldo, perhaps tu-
TITUSVILLEFor perior in protlt to the orange grove-It goes
Hose Etc. Estimates furnished
-. Fittings, through the heart of the State, penetratingsome

Melbourne daily, except Sunday, for Plants put in complete and guar- of the finest groves,one having ,
5:00: a.m., 3:45: {>.m.j; Rockledge, 9:00: a.m., .' .. 70OOO Full-bearing Orang. r.t"t'll.
7:00 p.m. Arrive Melbourne, 1:00 p.m., :. anteed satisfactory. Hand Spraying passing for nearly a mile between them-
making its way southward to the Gulf,and to
12 midnight Returning,leave Melbourne Pumps of every description. Send for the more tropical portions of the State.: In
1:20: p.m., 12:30 a.m.; Rockledge 4:50: p.m., all portions of the State It reaches points of
8:00': aon. Arrive Titusville 8:00: p.m., Catalogue of How and When to Spray. Scenic Interest

12 noon. Nozzles, Pipe, etc., made to order in our Wakulla Springs in the West, the Suwannee -
River,as beautiful and romantic as it is
Leave Rockledge for Jupiter daily, except machine shop. famous Silver Springs in the lake region,
Sunday, 8:30: turn., arrive Jupiter following and the lakes themselves, with their surroundings -
kh of rolling land interspersed with
day 3:30 ajn. Returning, leave pleasant homes in green groves,sloping downto
Jupiter daily\ except Sunday, 9:30: a.m. the clear lake fronts. By means ol this
Arrive Rockledge following day,3:30 a.m. road you can most readily reach the
Hunting and Fishing Grounds. ,
Steamer ST.AUGUSTINE" Leaves i The settler will find on the line of this roada
'
greater opportunity for a varied selectionof
ORMOND land than on any other road in the State-
soils to those underlaid with
from lightest
! 8:00 aon.Tuesdays, Thursdays and Satur- a 1' L clay and marl, and of richest hfUDmook-
days for Rockledge, and way landings... In whether for regular mixed farming,stock or
1 farming, peach or strawberry culture,
Returning, leaves Rockledge '8:00: a.m. dairy .
orange groves and vegetable gardens.The
Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays. tourist will be gratified with its scenery.
The health-seeker on its ample route can find
Connections are made at Jupiter with some spot adapted to his wants. On the hard
W. for all clay roads of Middle Florida the horseman
trains of J. & L. Railway pointson :
will
=" -- ride with speed and satisfaction and the
Lake Worth. Florida Central and Peninsular It the

Sportsman' Jlonte.NOTE. .
For schedules, maps, etc., call on local .-Passengers from Northern connections -

agents, or address the General Passenger having tickets over the Florida Central
and Peninsular to points in South Florida
Agent. AGENTS FOR have the privilege of being taken into Jacksonville
over the Company's line and allowed
H. B. CABLE. W. L. CRAWFORD. IOWL ES' STEAM I'U11rIPS. a stop-over within the going limit oo f the
General Manager. Supt.East Coast Lines, ticket with return to their route for destination --
J.,T.&K. W.System: St.Augustine, F la.O. All Letter Answered the Day they are Received. free mailed of extra charge. Send for map of ..
Florida,
D. ACKERLY, A.O.&ODOBLU O-P.AJaoksonrilta..
.
THE S. B HUBBARD COMPANY
General Passenger Agent,, Fla.
PENNINGTON 'Trame Manager.
S. /
Jacksonville N.
,Fla '" D.K. MAXWELL. General ""na""p.IyN .
... JACKSONVILLE FLA.
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498 THE FLORIDA DISPATCH 23 lS92
. FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. [JUNE ,




f GELLEVIEW MINING CO.'S' SOFT PHOSPHATE AND COMPLETE FERTILIZER.


"t-

t .. o., Ic. BRAND, CO I.PLETE FOR ORANGE TREES AND PINEAPPLES. .

'
: -
.. ,/. ANALYSIS : -
.
I t ,
I ,, :'Phosphoric. Acid.. .....:......... ::....4 per cent. | Potash K.0..................-.........5 per cent | Ammonia.,.. ;..................2 to 3 per cent.
,1 .
< ,, .. -
.., ., -. I: J uIP AND VINE BRAND, FOR I3EAI2L1'G TIZI ES.
;"; ,. .. .* ''." .
>; ANALYSIS
:
.
..
.Potash.-...;:.......:........ .. ...6 to 7 per cent. | Ammonia........................3 to 4 per cent | Phosphoric Acid.................5 to 6 per cent.

....
: Prloe, per.ton, O. I-C. I3rurzcl, I?. O. IB. Cet.rs, Belle- let S 1212.OO t

"P1.lce, per ton, Fru.it D.rl..c1. Vine, F. O. 33. Ca.r.s, BeI1e riew, S 305.00

-\This Company also offer their Burnt and Ground Soft Phosphate.! The analysis of our Soft Phosphate, given by Serge Malyvan, of Ocala, is : '

Insoluble Silicate! ...;:.....................18.76 I Phosphoric Acid ................ ........ 17.70 I Oxide of Iron .. .... ....................... I Magnesia and Soda ......... ..::.. ... ...6.ss
Carbonate( 'LI ime............ ........ ..... 4.56| Equivalent to Bone Phosphate Lime: ........39.oo I| Aluminum ....................... .741| Moisture....................................:. 6.59

lIe says that, after analyzing samples of Soft Phosphate from different mines in the State, the only soluble Soft Phosphate is contained in an area of..about

.six miles about Belleview.The .
above mentioned complete Fertilizer is'25: per cent cheaper than any sold in Florida of same grade, and is what orange growers need.


-TESTIMONIALS I I .

that fertilized with cotton seed. Thinking this two more cars of Soft Phosphate. I have used been brought into the State,and I would warmly
More About feoft Phosphate.! estimate may have been a little high I put it as seventy-five tons of this Phosphate, and have recommend its use to the orange growers in the
The follow rig in regard to soft phosphate is above, but I am free to admit that,be is a better noticed with much interest its effect on my orange State. Yours truly, .
taken from the Gainesville Sun: judge of such matters than I am." trees. The first car load I applied to something D. GRXBNLXA
That soft phosphate is rapidly gaining favor J. T. Smith, writing from Levy county,says: "I over five hundred trees,and the results have been
with the fruit and vegetable growers there is no put soft phosphate on sixteen rows of corn last simply marvelous. The adjoining five hundred -
sort doubt. Those who have given it a test'un- sprin gin about a fou r acre field of corn,on about an trees received no fertilizing,and the difference
hesitatingly speak of it in the most compliment average quality of the land. I broadcasted; between the two fields is something? wonderful.! CEDAR KEYS, FLA.,Dec.2', 191.
sty terms Mr. George Saxon, wnttng from soft phosphate overthe land,after breaking it up On one side every tree started with a vigorous C. B. Smith, President Belleview Mining Com
Tallahassee,says: well at about two tons per acre. Then I harrowed growth. The finest foliage that I have ever seen :
The: so't phosphate referred to in the granulated this in. I did not measure the yield only in a grove The trees which received no appli DEAR pany SIR-Yours of 17th received. It gives
article, containing the elements of ground bone in my cart as I gathered it. I got as much corn cation have just commenced to start up. Mr. Me me pleasure to state that 1 have used nothing but
and 50 per cent phosphate of lime (bone phosphate from the sixteen rows that had soft phosphate on Master of the firm of McMaster& Miller! of San the Belleview Soft Phosphate on the
) crude as it comes from the mine. This it as I did from the next thirty rows. 1 he corn Mateo,visited! my grove a few days since and expressed past ,pnd I have been more my than grove satisfied
solt phosphate: was put upon cotton last year did not dry up any for want of rain, as the rest of: himself as being very much astonished with year the results. The trees are looking as well
alongside of cut ton seed as fertilizers, and the rethecrop did. I am well pleased ,and will use it at the growth of the trees where the soft phosphate as they have ever looked even when I used ex
suit wa fully, or more than doublet in yield of this year on all my crops. had been applied. If you will remember I I pensive fertilizers. Many have heard of
persons
cotton over the cotton seed,while it gave four the first shipment of Phosphate was made less and
has advanced
experiment, phosphate
times the yield over the same land without any than sixty days since, and until the last few days I my in their estimation.your
fertilizer Rev. T. W Moore Leesburg looked JACKSONVILLE, FLA., June 12,1891. we have had very little rain. truly '
at this crop while in full fruitage and he said that C, B. SMITH, President Belleview Phosphate Co., I am fully convinced that one ton of the Belle- I Very REV.yours F. R. Hox.awphosphate
At that time that the cotton fertilized by this soft Jacksonville, Florida: view Soft Phosphate has a greater value as a plant
had three times more fruit on it than DEAR SIR-Enclosed please find my order for food than a ton of any Fertilizer that has ever .

We offer this Phosphate at prices so low that it is in reach of every orange grower and gardener. Prices, F. 0, B. cars at Belleview, Florida : 'I.

Per ton, U11d.rled., :lam B'1.11I '-- $G.OO -:...
Per ton; DrIed, :ixx 3u11 86.00 "'-

., Per ton, Burnt, Gro'1.1r1..d. .csncl. Suolced, _' -' > 5.00

Put up in 200-pound sacks. Orders for less than one ton, 30 cents per ton extra. Terms, cash with order. Send orders, and apply for further particulars,

testimonials, freights, etc., to _

C. B. SMITH, President and General Manager, Jacksonville, Fla.

.....-


DA COST A s- '. NEW DISCOVERY ACCIDENT

,,#,5 In compounding a solution a part was accIdently' spilled on the bandand
) on washing afterward it was discovered that the hair waa com
pletely remoTe market and so great.has been the demand that we are now Introducing
House I ''); ., : throughout the world under the name of Queen's Antl-IIalrine.
'
Printing AND Publishing /. IS PERFECTLY HARMLESS AND

SO SIMPLE ANY CHILD CAN USE IT.
:::? iiu Lay the hair over and apply the mixture for a few minutes, and the
kf ? disappears as U by magic. without the slightest pain or injury when
J7:\CKSONILILLF ., -7::=' =; or ever afterward. It Is unlike an T.other preparation ever used
''>:-::=_ a like purpose. Thousands of LADIES: who have been annoyed
hair on their FACE, NECK and AlmS attest Its merits.
TURNS OUT THE BEST STYLE OF PRINTING ..:7f.: '. --:- ,- ... find GENTLEMEN a priceless:: boon who la do Queen's not appreciate Antl-IIalrlne beard or hair which on their doe neck away,

"" with Shaving, by rendering Its future growth an utter Impossibility
AT THE LOWEST RATES. I Price of Queen's! Antl.llalrlne$1. per bottle, sent In safety mailing boxes,postage paid by us(securely
sealed from observation). Send money or stamps by letter with full address written plainly. Correspondence
strictly conftde tlal. This advertisement is honest and straight forward in every word It
contains. We Invite you to deal with us and you will find everything as represented. Cut this out and
S send to-day. AddrHa QUEEN CHEMICAL CO., '174 Race Street, CINCINNATI.. O. You S.register ...
your letter at any Pout OMce to Inure 1U safe delivery We will pay.500 for any ease
of failure or slightest Injury to any purchaser. _Every bottle guaranteed.
SPEC IA 1-To ladles who Introduce and sell among their friends 20 Bottles of Queenls Aitt-Xalrlae.
2 k we will present with a SILK DKZ&a,Iftyards best silk Extra Larce Bottle aad sssulse
; tE SUATtfffi_: I of silk to select from seat with order Ooed or Commission Ageata.. /


; ; ; : : DEAlf'NESS, STATE BANK OF FLORIDA


"A'OT JXCOltPOJlATED.: "
ITS CAUSES AND CURE,

Scientifically treated by an aurist of worldwide JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA.Capital .
r21ff reputation. Deafness eradicated and entirely
3 cured, of from 20 t3o years' standing, after all 30000.00
other treatments have failed. How the difficulty ,
is reached and the cause removed, fully ex-
; jf plained in circulars, with affidavits and testi- REPAIR your old family Bibles; make them at
monials of cures from prominent people, mailed (V good as new. DaCosta Printing and, Pub
free. lashing House,Jacksonville
l>r. .\. FONTAINE, 19 East uth SL, N. Y.


'I I I $5 to :$15 :tarr e.ung,at
r I t N LIGHTNING PLATER

l udpltlagjewelrywaeheet.Dltwe...., *.. 1'1aI.e.he
ands of jewelry food u
aev, ea mil kladj of metal
with cold*direr or nickel.
N.ezp.ri.ar N.ctplul.
leery: hooM hu geode nt4-
lot pI W ng. 1I"laolaaJele}
emu$i.Write for elm.
I..... JL E.DEL"O*
The Manufacture of Blank Books 0.,Colombo.O.

Notice to Shippers and Others Interested.

a Specialty. On March the 1St ult. I disposed of my interest Clark's CutawaTJIAnnO'VS
in the CHICAGO SOUTHERN FRTJXT&VEGETABLE AND CULTIVATORS.

SEND FOR RRIOES. DESPATCH LKE, and am no longer connected I keep in stock seven styles,cutting in width
with thatcorporatioD.u official from two ((2)) to six ((6)) feet, at prices from sio.oo
an or stockholder.
DACOSTA toiji.oo. Send for catalogue.
CHAS. W. Proprietor EDWARD S. LEVY, K. Ii.HUBEAiD, Gen.State Agent
Chicago,HI. 4-I4t Sacral Mat,n&
.



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23, 1892] THE FLORIDA DISPATCH, FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. 499

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.: Clyde Steamship Co. PATRONIZE A HOME ENTERPRISE.MERCHANTS' .



NEW YORK, CHARLESTON lID FLDRIOfl LINES. .
STEAMSHIP CO. OF FLORIDA. '

The magnificent Steamships of this Line are appointed -

to sail as follows, calling at Charleston, S. C.,

both ways :

t (STANDARD TIME.)
From New Tork. From Jacksonville,
(Pier 29, 2. R.) STEAMER Florida.

Friday. May 27th, at 3 P. M.: ...... "IROQUOIS.Thursday, June 2d, at 10:30: A. M
Wednesday June 1st, at 3 P. )(.... .. "ALGONQUIN,". ......Tuesday, June j'that 2x0: p. M
Friday 3d, at 3 P. M...... "CHEROKEE," ...Thursday, Jne: 9th at 2:30: p. M
Tuesday, June 7th at 3 p. M..s: \1INOLH," .....Sunday June 12th, at 5:00: A. )t
Friday, loth, at 3 p. M........ "IROQUOIS,". .....Thursday, June 16th, at 9:00 A. M
Tuesday, June uth at 3 p. M..... "ALGONQUIN .....Sunday, June 19th, at 12:00 N'N
i Friday, 17th, at 3 p. M...... .""CHEROKEE" .....Thursday June 23d, at 2:30: P. M
Tuesday, 2ist, at 3 p. )(. .. ... ."IROQUOIS." Sunday, June 26th, at 5:30: A. M
Friday, June 24th, at 3 p. M...... "ALGONQUIN," .....Thursday, June 3oth, at 10:60: A. M
Tuesday, 2th at 3 p. M . "CHEROKEE," .....Sunday, July 3d, at 11:30 A. M
-

ST. JOHNS RIVER LINE.For .

Sanford, Enterprise and intermediate points on St. Johns River. The Elegant Iron Side
f Wheel Steamer FRED'K DEBARY," Capt. W. A. Shaw, is appointed to sail from Jacksonville Sun.
days, Tuesdays and Thursdays at 3:30: p. m. Returning leave Sanford Mondays, Wednesday andFridays.
at 9 a. m.; Enterprise 9:30: a. m.
SOUTHBOUND SCHEDULE. NORTHBOUND.READ Steamer: John Gr. ..Christoph.erIS
DOWN. READ UP.
Leave 3:30 p. ).t...... .... ..... ........ ....Jacksonville..............................Arrive 11:45 P. M APPOINTED TO SAIL
I .. 8.-00 p. M.... ....... ......... .... ...Palatlca................. ..............I eave 7:00 p. M .
.. lo3OA. M...... ................ .... ....Astor....... ............................ 2:00: P. M FROM NEW YORK. FROM J.tCKSONVILLE.Thursdays
s -45A.: M....... ..... ..... ..........St. Francis.... ........................... 12=-45 P. M June 16, 30 and July 14-3 p. m. Fridays June 24, July 8 and 22 8 a. m.
e 5:00 JI(. M................... .... ....Beresford.................... ............ 11-45 A. x6xo
: A. M..t.. .................Blue Springs.... ...................... .... 11:00 A. M Till**teamMp has been built especially for carrying Fruit and Vegetablef.and l a
, Arrive Boo: A. M...... .... ...................Sanford....................... ...... 9:00 A. M perfectly retaliated. Time between Jacksonville and Sew York 73 hour.
9:15: A. M.... ... ............... .....Enterprise...... ..... .................. 9:30 A. M W. H. CHRISTOPHER, W. A. SOMERVILLE, JNO. G. CHRISTOPHER

General Passenger Ticket Office, 88 West Bay St., Jacksonville. Agent Jacksonvil Agent Pier, New 49 York.East River. G n'l Man'r,Jacksonville.-

JOHN L. HOWARD Florida Freight Agent, foot Laura Street, Jacksonville, Fla.
" :F. 1'[. IRONMONGER, Jr., Florida Passenger Agent, 88 West Bay St., Jacksonville Fla.
, MARSHALL II. CLYDE, Assistant TramManager, s Bowling Green, New York.
,V. F. OGDEN' FAY, Traveling Passenger Agent, 88 West Bay Street. SAVANNAH LINE.Time .
THEO. G. EGER, Traffic Manager, 5 Bowling Green, New York.J. .
A. LESLIE, Superintendent, foot Laura Street Jacksonville, Fla.WM. .
53 to 55 hours between Savannah, New York and Philadelphia, and
P. CLYDE & CO. Gen'l
Agents, between Boston and Savannah, 65 to 70 hours.

12 South Delaware Avenue, Philadelphia. 5 Bowling Green New York.

s i OCEAN STEAMSHIP COMPANY.


I NGflUTFITSDERFECTION .

e Rates: I
!teat, Latent Inpraved m and Cheapest Our Perfection and pa.s..a
l aspire Pumps stir the liquid tutomittcillr will spray 10O Trees Per Jlar.
tc. make the Little Gem and Uarfleld KMBMtck Sprayers and th. Teraierel.flu* Between Jacksonville and New York: First-class $25.60 ; Intermediate, $19.00 ; Excursion, .$43-56
spray nozzle,most economical spray nozzle in the world. Also Hors Powsr Sprayer at low price. Steerage, $12.50.
We sell Sulphate of Copp r. Paris Green and London Purple at wholesale prices. Catalorne free,writ* I
address plainer/vine e.unty.TlELD FOBCE PUMP CO.l*6 BrlsUl Av .LOCCPO JTN.Y.WILLIAM Jacksonville and Boston : Cabin, $27.00; Intermediate $21.00 j Excursion, $47.30; Steerage, $r4.aS
1 The magnificent Steamships of this Company are appointed to sail as follows: .

FROM SAVANNAH TO NEW YORK.

ESTABLISHED 187d. [Central or goo Meridian Time.]

Nacoochee........................... ......................... ......:....Friday July 1st 10.30 a.m
City of Birmingham.................................................Suturday, July 2nd, 11.30 a.m
A. SOURS & CO. City of Augusta ....................... ....... ... ......... ...........Monday July 4th. 1.30 p.m t
Tallahassee.... .. ..................................... ............. Wednesday July 6th, 3.00 p.m
Kansas City......................................................... Friday, July 8th, 4.30 p.m5.oop.ni
WHOLESALE Chattahoochee............................,..................... .....Saturday, July 9th, :
Nacoochee......................... .............................. ...... Monday, nth. 6.30 p.m
Grain Garden Seeds City of Birmingham.......... ................................ .. Wednesday, July 13th, 7.30p.m
and Fertilizers City of Augusta..... ............. ........... ................ .......Friday,July ijth, 9.30a.JII
i Tallahassee...........................................................Saturday,July 16th, 10.30 a.m
Kansas City..........................................................Monday, July iSth, 12.30 p...
20 WEST, BAY STREET, JACKSONVILLE, FLA. Chattahoochee....................................................Wednesday,July 2oth, 2.30 p.m
Nacoochee........... ............................................... .. ..Friday, July 2>d, 4.30 p.m .
I RELIABLE City of Birmingham....... .,.............. ... ........... .........Saturday July 23d, 5.00 p.m
HANDLE ONLY THE BEST AND MOST SEEDS. A COMPLETE STOCK. City of Augusta.... ... .......................................... .....Monday, July 25th, 6.30 p.m
Tallahassee.....................................:.................Wednesday, July 27th, 7.30 P..
Hay Corn Oats Flour Bran Wheat Grits Meal Kansas CityChattahoochee.. ...................... .................................... Friday July 29th, 9.39 a.m
..... ........................ ..................... ...Saturday,July 30th 10.00 air

COTTON SEED MEAL Both Bright and Dark. FROM SAVANNAH TO BOSTON.Gate .

City.......................... ..oo............0..... ............ Thursday, July 7th 3..JO p.m
City of :Macon.. ...................................... ...............". ,July 14th, 8.30 m.m
STATE AGENT FOR Gate City ............................................................. Thursday, July 21St, 3.00 p.m
J. E. Tygert&Co.'sStar PURE GROUND BONE, City of :Macon...... ... ..... .. .. ...... . ..... ......Thursday, July 28th, 8.3oa.m

NITRATE SODA FROM SAVANNAH TO PHILADELPHIA.Thursday.
,
Brand Fertilizers (This Ship does NOT Carry Passengers.)

GUARANTEED ANALYSIS, MURIATE OF POTASH Dessoug.......................................... ............... ........Friday July ist, 10.00 a.m
Dessoug.....*.............................................................MondayJulylrth; 6.odp.m
Comprising '__ lint SULPHATE POTASH Dessoug......... ...................................... ...... ......Thursday, July 21st, 3.00 p.m "
Orange Tree and Vegetable[ ,
STEAMER
KAINIT Etc THESE PALACE S .
FERTILIZER. ,: .

These Fertilizers have no superior In the market and a trial will convince. Connecting with the Savannah, Florida and Western Railway (Waycross Short Line), offer to 'the
Traveling Public and Shippers advantages equalled by no other line.
t Through Ticket and Bills of Lading issued to principal points North East and Northwest via
Savannah. For information and rooms apply to
B. R. PRICE. Soliciting Agent, W. H. LUCAS Fla. Pass. Agent
GREAT OFFER "rESSBf i. UPRIGHT PIANOS. 77 West Bay Street, Jacksonville. 77 West Bay Street Jacksonville.R. .
Pianos L. WALKER, Agent. C. G.ANDERSON Agent .
and FINEST FACTORY New Pier No.35 North River:, New York. City Exchange Building, Savannah Ca.
IN RICHARDSON & BARNARD. Agents, Lewis' Wharf, Boston.W. .
Organs, UNITED STATES. L. JAMES. Agent, 13 S.Third Street Philadelphia.
$5.Always I ready for QUICK SHIPMENTS of Finest J. D. HASHAGEN, Eastern Agent Sav., Fla. & Western Ry. Co., 261
On Mat in Pianos and Organs Direct to Your Homes. A. DeW. SAMPSON, General Agent W. E. ARNOLD. Gen. Trav Pass. Agt.,Jacksonville, Pl&.
i your horn* 1 306 Washington St., 4IIton. W. II. RIIETT General Agent,
; b fot* f From REV.JAS. M. POTTS,D.D.,editor of Michigan For Tickets apply to S., F. & W.Railway office. 317 Broadway New York.
a Drfof. Christian Advocate,Detroit.Mich.: "To say that
.. icm.Addreti we are delighted with the Piano'does not express
i i the fact. We are jubilant. If all your instruments DO you need stationery of any kind-paper; ;
The T.Swpffer A Son Pianos & Organsare' as fine in appearance and as pleasing in tone as pens and ink? If so, send to D Costa Print WLE SICKLY-
BEAVER FALLS PA this one. your patrons will rise by the hundred." ing and Publishing House Jacksonville, Fla !

From PROF. E. II. PECK, Yalhermoso Springs, Ala.: "We could not 'be pleased better with
the] sing or tone: quick in response and melodious.. In short we are highly pleased with the organ."
From B. D. GRIGGS Adairsville, Ga.: "I am well pleased with the organ in every respect. It is YPPL "PuoJttopWLdsb'teanAlaeb'r.EueycboediaSa1iu' l 9.t
aM you claim it to be." WElL! 8
From Y. M. C. A.. per]. G. COOLEY} HiUsboro, N. c.: tiThe organ gives entire satisfaction. bi to ire most llkdy troobUd wlttJUNE .
) ODe who has seen it IS much pleased with the Instrument and the the Th'A The beetrrmedL torthi.litheaisMat d
, vetp very price on same. merlcan W e IIW or k s,A uroraIIL ,B.A.FAHNESTOCKVQRMIF .
From BEN. F. STEELS *WfcJV-Wfcj Ark.: "*Ir. family wen pleased In every respect with theorgan. JI-r3S.CAIULST..CHICAGOILL.l Been6oyear.tnuseandrlevertals.Obeasy( & Ciil
.How yon sell them so cheap is a wondr: ELM STRKET: DALLAS.TEXAS. f 8mnc6Hotra" LiythattD..laitialsate .A.& as&. ."'-. taail.tiotlrI

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500. ... THE FLORIDA DISPATCH, FARMER .AND.FRUIT-GROWER. :JUNE 23,1892

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.t (FERTILlZERS. FERTILIZERS.



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Blood and Bone, Ch.ioo.go Bone Meal, -

-i_. i.Pure Fi.n..e Ground Bon.e, Dark and Bright Cotton Seed"VSTood 1'Iea1,
:,
Animal: Bone and Potash, Tobacco Stems: ,

Blood, Bone and Potash: Canada Hard Asl1es,

,1) : Pulverized Animal Bono, Sulphate of Potash: &0.

of

.' FRUIT AND VINE, BEARING TREES, .

.: ORANGE TREE FOOD, YOUNG TREES, *

VEGETABLE AND POTATO GROWER.


GEO. E. WILSON, 50 West Bay Street, Jacksonville, Fla.JOHN .


L. MARVIN, J. P. TALIAFERRO, YOU CAN SAVE l'VIONE: .
President. VicePresident.H. .

T. BAYA, THOS. W. CONRAD, By Buying the FERTILIZERS that are Manufactured by the OLD ESTABLISHED
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Cashier. Assistant Cashier.
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and RELIABLE FIRM\ The
CAPITAL $100,000.
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-. THE MERCHANTS' NATIONAL BANK,, L. B. DARLING FERTILIZER CO..


JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA, .
OF PAWTUCKET, R. I.
Respectfully solicits your Deposits, Collections and General .

:Banking Business.CORRESPONDENCE These FERTILIZERS Ire made especially for the "

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," Orange, ,Vegetable and Pineapple Growers of Florida.
> \. INVITED. ..
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t Southern Offi je and Warehouse at Jacksonville, Florida. ..
"', '. .:- .
DIRECTORS I .
John: L. Marvin, A. B. Campbell Chas. Marvin, O. B. WEEKS, State Agent, \
Jas. P. Taliaferro, T.W. Roby, Judge R. B.Archibald,
W. B. Clarkson, C. B. Rogers, W. M. Davidson, No. 8 Bostwick Block.
f
Dr. H. Robinson. John E. Hartrldge.

-TO ALL BUYERS Catalogue describing our Fertilizers, with prices and testimonials, sent Free
4.. p ;
c } upon application.
E OF

y GIVES :XJS4 A TRIAL.
FANCY POULTRY.
-- ---


. T. ,!:._ ATTENTION! I

TTEREAFTER all fowls sent
ll from my yards by express,
will go at one-half the former
.
1% rates-a great saving to my cus
tomers. This is by special arrangement Bowker'sOran
.. and is confined to ,
.:fowls from my yards. -
>. We are the largest breeders ol
-> thoroughbred poultry in Florida.
,Come and see our stock or send
1' ;x ,.for our illustrated catalogue and Grower.
G !r; .price list of 14 varieties. e
.
*p- -- Poultry supplies of all kinds.
p Incubators and Brooders, Shell
..f r. and Bone Mills, Clover Cutters
-, Wire ,Desiccated Fish andy
f' Boiled Netting Blood and Bone to make FIRM FRUIT that holds on until it is
hens BRIGHT
i ..n lay. ; a strong, healthy, vigorous growth of

EGGS TO HATCH.E. both tree and fruit are the results reported by large
W. AMSDEN,
and experienced planters in Florida who are using
Ormond, Fla
--S this popular Fertilizer. It supplies to the tree at the

NURSERIES OF THE proper time, in the proper form and in the proper

Milwaukee Florida Orange C o. maturity.proportions,all the elements to bring perfect, healthy


Selected strains of Choicest Varieties of Citrus Fruit Trees a Specialty.BuddingWood.
for sale at all times. BOWKER'S VEGETABLE GROWER and BOWKER'S ToBACCO
Our stock is large and complete. PROMPT ATTENTION TO CORRESPONDENCE.For GROWER are also special complete Fertilizers,
Catalogue and Pricc-I.ist,address
carefully and scientifically compounded for the purposes
A. L. DUNCAN Manager Dunedin Fla.WIAIE .
,
mentioned, and are extensively used in Florida. Bow-

KER'S SQUARE BRAND BONE AND POTASH is a happy
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FOR SALE 9 combination for those requiring these ingredients. J
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Chemicals at market rates.
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I or would exchange for bearing grove and pay '
cash difference Forty acres of rich Pine Ham Send for Illustrated Catalogue, Free.
P I A NOS. mock land. Thirty acres cleared, together with
plank causeway, mile long, with dock and FERTILIZER )l A. M. BOND
UNEQUALLED IN ferry x mile from Grahamville, on Ocklawaha BOWKER COMPANY. }{ JACKS NVILLE EFLORIDA.Tt
River;4 miles from Silver Springs. Address N
Tone,Touch,Workmanship n Durability

BalUmoff',22and24EutBalt1moreStreet.. A. TREADW.EL.L-
New York, 148 Fifth Ave. .
WathtnFton, si7 Market Space Redding, Conn.

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