Florida farmer & fruit grower
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055765/00237
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: S. Powers
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: June 16, 1892
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note: Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038466
oclc - 01387403
notis - AKM6256
lccn - sn 95026761
System ID: UF00055765:00237
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen

Full Text

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IY 1869 !




JACKSONVILLE FLA. JUNE 16 1892. Whole No. 1210
Proprietors. '''01. IV, No. 24.





57Price THAM ST., BOSTON.. Imported direct from the Azores now ready for delivery. GO

Ca J :f,of weekly sales furnlshe on appllca!) P. O. Box 492. ORLANDO, FLA. ..
ABLI8HED ISM. A.BSOLUTELY 1llastills' 3:


BARN II(' BROS.AGENTS, s' E Plant 4o a

FLORIDA FRUIT EXCHANGE. Improved\ Large e Purple e En CQ-

.. Now Offered for the First Time Is Absolutely Pure. c -- ..
Wholesale Commission Fruits and Vegetables.
Seed of high vitality; plants strong, vigorous and thornless; fruit large ; dark
Prompt return IS9 Mouth on water application Street.Ch14 M. rich purple color; entirely free from light streaks ; weighs 5 to 6 pounds each.A And Building Meterial.CHARLESTON .

SUCCESSORS TO Packet, 10 cents; $ oz., 25 cents; oz., 50 cents ; J lb., $1.75; lb., $6.00. ,


166 Jleaile Street,yew York. H. G. HASTINGS &, CO., BENTON & UPSON,
Oranges, Lemons Pineapples and all other s
Fruits and early truck, also dried fruits,nuts, ACISOrlVIl1l1E, Fl1A.,

furs All,etc.consignments promptly remitted for. Stencils WE MAKE THEM !
and market reports furnished free.
References Bradstreets,and established
chants and banks of the South. WHAT ARE THEY?

0 LILLY 1 & WHOLESALE CO., The Virginia Ventilated Fruit CarriersFOR MACHINERY


41-fi Rackets, three-quarter > No. 34-10-quart gift crate
one-half JJushel. "
No. 42-1 I.1.Xo.332-
COMMISSION I MERCHANTS. No.56-2" Xo.3032dandarll crate.

Send for catologues, prices and samples. Steam and Horse Power.
218 King Street Chattanooga,Tenn. .
Consignments fcnlirited. SOUTH SIDE MFG. CO., Petersburg, Va.QA .


AMERICAN EXOTIC NURSERIES. A ;: Southernmost Establishment in U. S. Pipe, Pipe Fitting, Brass

New, Hare and Elegnnt J'tantu of Every F I 9' ESTABLISHED 1883. Valve, Hose, Etc.

Description; ,,,,
Rare new fruits; Shrubbery;Ornamental plants-Palms,Orchids,Fern,
Palms, Orchids, Cacti and Bamboos t( ) / Bamboos, Cactus, Conifers,Aquatics. Stock safely shipped over the whole WRITE FOR ESTIMATES.

0 Shade and ornameatal trees and shrubs for Southern 1. 0 world.; Fine illustrated catalogue of 100 pages sent on receipt of IDC. Clean,

for lawns the and greenhouse gardens. or Choice conservatory.exotic plants % %o healthy stock. Low prices.| PEARS FOR PROFIT IN THE SOUTH.

"O4' REASONER BROS., Oneco, Fla.
aU the leading varieties budded from bearing
trees on our own grounds and guaranteed JENNINGS NURSERY CO.,
true to name. THOMASVILLE, GA.
All the New and Desirable Tropical JOHN CLARK, SON & CO.,
Fruits. Our 88 page Illustrated and Descriptive
Catalogue for 1892 tells all about these things,and Six day earlier than
any Tart CY UltN aUht'Agrl
is sent free to applicants. Address w_ 10 ul&1 Ex. Grounds
Seven Oaks, Fla. I greenish*hlte pulp
lender, sweet and de-
liciotu. TbeoulYr p
POULTRY FOODS -DEALERS IN- s- that ranks fiat both 1n
earliness and quality
Each: Tine sealed with

b :Coal, Hay, Grain, Wines, Liquors, Cigars, Tobacco, Etc. urcul&r.'fiviiiK'e; t0'turu..rInformation.i our tfflttttHl label.Agents Bend wanted trademark for*

4lJt Rdrett< STEVUiik yorr bONS. New Canaao X

Make liens Lay! RuPE SELVAGE.dw .

Will Make Chickens Grow 1 Parker....................................81 75 J.Martin Rye...........................S3 00
AND GOOD FOR MOULTING FOWLS. Orange Valley.......................... 2 00 Virginia Glades .............. ......... 4 00
This food is strictly fresh meat, carefully Spring:'Valley..... ..................... 3 5O Old Bourbon ............................ 5 00 -
North Carolina Corn................... 2 5O Kentucky Sour Marsh ..... ............ 5 00
cooked ground fine,seasoned and hermeticallysealed Clifton Club ............ ............... Old Baker ................... ......... 5 00
in 8-lb. cans. Being ground fine it can Montrose Velvet.................,86 00
0' be readily mixed with soft food.and fed so as to K
rive each fowl share. Price cents Jugs Extra: One gallon 250.; two gallon,soc.; three gallon 7Sc. Remit by post office money
# an equal 30 order,check or registered letter. We cannot ship C.O. D. to dry towns. ,
per can; 13.00 per dozen. Address HOLLIS A complete pnce list of Groceries,and Wine List,sent free on application. *
: Boston,Ua ... [.Mention paper.] JOHN CLARK, SON & CO. itxnxa worn wax rdcico..cmcuQ

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_- = It will destroy the SPIDER which is causing the fruit and leaves to drop and
_; in many cases killing the limbs.

It will kill the MOVING SCALE. This is the hatching period and now is the time to spray.It .

will destroy the"RUST MITE, of which Hubbard found 60,000 on a single leaf, thereby saving the cost of feeding such an enor-

m LOUS mass of insect life, and by their destruction secure bright fruit.

It will not only prevent the oranges from rusting, but give them a bright, sparkling color that can be obtained in no other way.*
It will cure FOOT ROT and prevent infection and spreading.It .

will destroy FUNGUS and LICHEN GROWTH, giving the trees a healthy appearance.It .

will, as Mr.Axline (Axline & Markely, Cincinnati) says, return you ten dollars for every one that it will cost. f


O] ne:Quart in 50 Gallons of Water is Sufficient. Spraying Outfits in Great Variety at Manufacturers' Prices.

T la.H7 .
- : :

.' : rcLTiJR SO riONi11e


Is tb It most effective compound yet discovered for destroying the insects infesting the orange tree, and is a sovereign

I emedy foi the various forms of fungi on trees and plants. Being free from all substances of a caustic, corrosive or poisonous -

natu: !e, it can be handled with perfect safety to the person, and applied to the trees at any stage of growth without

i ijury. -

This insecticide has been used by some of the largest orange growers in the State during the past two years, and has

iven perfect satisfaction. References furnished on application. .

For Rust Mite use one quart to fifty gallons of water. When used at this strength the trees should be sprayed for

t:he Rust Mite twice a month through the season. Where labor constitutes the principal item of expense in spraying trees

i t: is better and cheaper to use the Insecticide at full strength, viz.: One gallon of solution to 50 gallons of water, as the
1f limes from the Insecticide will kill the Rust Mite even if the solution should not happen to touch them. In using the

Insecticide: at this strength it will save three or four sprayings through the season, thereby reducing the cost from one-

iiird: to one-half.: This is an Advantage Possessed by no Other Preparation of Sulphur. If used in this manner it

will; also kill the other insects that may be moving on the trees.

For Red Spider and Scale, use one gallon to fifty gallons of water. General directions for using sent on application.Price .

20c. Per Gallon, in barrels. If there is no agent in your vicinity, write for price delivered.

Spraying Apparatus furnished to our customers at cost.

McMASTER & MILLER, San Mateo and Citra, Fla.



A.1Df -

1 $: f. THE .?. FLORIDA .?. DISPATCH .*. LINE I ;


,-."- -- The Great Fast Express Freight System of the South.

The attention of shippers is directed to the Plant S. S.Line between Havana, Key West and Tampa, and South Florida Railway between Tampa and Sanford;S., F.&W. Ry.between Jacksonville
G inesville, Bainbridge, River Junction and Savannah;Savannah'and Charleston,and Ocean Steamship Line between Savannah, Philadelphia Boston and New York, and Merchants and Miners
T ransportation Company between Savannah and Baltimore. The best equipped, fastest and most prompt lines between all points! in Florida and all points North and Northwest. ".
Receivers and Shll'lerSVIIl Profit by the Following: Unparalleled Connections:
r Double daily: fast freight service for all points West via Albany. Jesup, Bainbridge and Double daily fast freight service from all points North and West via Albany, Bainbridge Jesup
51 rannah. and Savannah to all points in Florida; fast freight trains both via Gainesville,Jacksonville,Callahan >
Daily fast freight all rail connection via the Atlantic Coast Line to all Eastern, Interior and and Live Oak.
Coast points,including New York,Boston, Philadelphia,Baltimore, Washington and Providence. Four ships a week by the fleet steamships of the Ocean Steamship Company, sailing from New
Four connections a week for New York via Ocean Steamship Company, leaving Savannah York(New Pier 35 North River,)direct for Savannah:Monday,Wednesday,Friday and Saturday.
>mdays,Wednesdays, Fridays and Saturdays. *TlTj"hetfTi and Savannah Steamship Company's steamers will leave Boston June 2,9,16,33 and
Two connections a week for Baltimore,via Merchants' and Miners' Transportation Company, 30 for Savannah direct,,making connection on the dock at Savannah with fast freight trains for all
wring Savannah Wednesday and Saturday. points in Florida.
1s Connections for every Boston via Boston and Savannah Steamship Company, leaving Savannah June From Philadelphia via Ocean Steamship Co.,leaving Philadelphia June 6,16,26,every five day
from regular sailing day via New York to Savannah.
,,9>,16,23 and 30.Connections
IIJ' for Philadelphia every ten days via Ocean Steamship Company, leaving Savannah From Baltimore via Merchants and Miners'Transportation Co., every Tuesday and Friday.
'une i, it,21. making close connection with S.,F.&W. Ry.,for all points in Florida.
Sailing days for Steamships are subject to change without notice.
J'I' The Florida Dispatch Line Is the quickest and best freight route from all points North, East and West to Florida. For full particulars, rates, stencils and shipping
..elpts apply to any agents of the above lines, or to AV3I. P. IIAKDKE: Gen'l Freight Agent, Savannah, Ga.
I'J J,.:>>. OWENS_ ,Traffic Manager Savannah, Ga. F. V. FAPY,Ast.Traffic Manager, Savannah, Ga. \V. 31. DAVIDSON, Gen'l Passenger Agt.,JacksonvllU, Fla..
J. P. JORDAN Tray. Agent, Qulncy. J. E. DRAYTON, Trav. Agent Jacksonville.

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Cro r and Orchard. gaged in the orange industry, who hunt up some one that will pack up When they arrive at their destinationa
love Florida in proportion to the his crop by contract. He does this casual observer may notice that theyare

amount of blood they can take from ro relieve him of the care and labor of in bad order. The commissionman

RAMBLING DOTS FROM A RAMBLING her. They, with the first breath of doing what he himself should insist on receives them, pays the freight

PEN. spring, fly away to the soft shell banksof doin supervising the preparation 01 and drayage; the box is opened tor

some seaside resort and spend their the fruits of his labor for market. Ht inspection ; it is not full, some are
What We Know What We Don'tKnow
income in fast living. When winter has worked hard all through the seasonto pounded to a jelly, some "started"and
and. What We Wantto closes around with its chilling blast they make the crop and now when the all dirty. As much in the inter

Know-No. 2. return to the Sunny South and during most important and most resporsiblepart est of the grower as the commissionman

One of the questions yet unsolved is their brief stay they curse the State of the whole business comes up, the oranges are sold at once; the

how shall we get our oranges to market and damn the industry because their he wants to shift it on to some one returns may not bring more than 50

so as to bring back to the grower orange grove does furnish an income else. If he has not the ability to pre cents, perhaps, not so much. The

remunerative returns. A celebrated sufficient to gratify their desires. pare his products for market, there grower is dissatisfied. He curses in

English cook was once asked, How may be some excuse In selecting some English and French the transportation

_ to cook a. hare? his reply was, "First But there are some men in the one else who has. But really the man companies. He curses the commission -
catch the hare. A similar answer who who is capable of malting fine fruit merchant in choke Italian. He
industry are perfectly con
will apply to "How shall we' sell our tented. To them the State is full of has enough ability to pack it. This, curses the orange business in seven

oranges?" "First get your oranges charms; to them the matchless climate however, is not the idea. The cen- languages. "It don't pay."

ready for sale." Rural will not enter fills their lives with pleasure and tral object in making the contract is

into the question, at this time, as to health to them growing is a to shirk the labor incident to packingthe Another source of injury to the
; orange
how to make a grove, how to trim, highly interesting as well as a fascina crop for market; so the chap that industry is the shipment ot green and

cultivate and fertilize the trees, nor ting pursuit. These men gradual! can sling the most oranges into a box immature fruit. The last time Ruralwas
follow the track which leads from a the of within a given time is the fellow who in the North he saw a barrel of
gain reputation growing
piece of piney woods to "a thing of ior This reputation has super been gets the job. A "three-hundred- oranges in front of a fruit store in

beauty and a joy forever," but will secured oranges. and revolutions a-minute" man is in demand Geneva, N. Y. It had this invitationto
: by great
energy perser-
presume that the grove is already and takes the cake during or- buy tacked on :
verance or as be said in the
made and the trees hung with "golden may ange packing time. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .
forcible language of the day, "push"on
Florida .
balls." He however incident- : Oranges. :
may, ,
the of the successful
part growers. : lOc. a Doz. :

ally this state remark of perfection that a grove has cost brought a great to Rural does not trespass upon these The men who start out to pick this :. ..Green. .. .,. .but. .Sweet... .. .. .: .
reputations, belittle their value nor crop are given a gunny sack, a pairof
deal of time, a great deal of money, : overstep the bounds of modesty and wabble jawed clippers, an orange Oh, how sorry he felt for Florida !
deal of and much labor
a great anxiety How ashamed he of the
when he that whileeverybody strike was "green,
respect says, box and a ladder apiece; they
both and mental. Shall it
physical but sweet" oranges, and there came to
does not grow as fine fruit, into the business as though they were
return a fair compensation for all him this question, "Is there in all the
rather send market fine
I or to as "working by the job, and they are;
these Shall it be aI
things expended State of Florida
a single who
oranges as Phelps, Adams, Rooks, they gather them at so much a box. growtr
joy as well as a thing of beauty, or would
purchase a dozen of these
Hubbard and some others, anyone can The oranges are clipped half inch to
shall it be a source of disappointmenta !I do so if he takes as 'much interest as one and one.half inches long; theyare sweet, but green oranges to take to
sort of monument of folly? nis family?" He could not call to
do in the in
they orange industry. thrust into the bag a hurry,;
mind a single one among his acquaintances -
leaned in the
they are on hurry; they
Rural claims that whereas the
trees who was so green as to
knocked the ladder in the
have brought forth good fruit, they This admits the question, "Do these are against purchase such worthless stuff. If this

have done their part and it is the I I gentlemen grow any better fruit than hurry, and while descending in a hurry be true (and true it is) why will our

grower's duty to do the rest. If the I I others?" Why, no. Is there as good they strike every rung. They are i growers rush to market a thing that
into box
of the sack the
fruit is net properly harvested, if it is |, fruit in any well cultivated grove as in pourtd out they could not be tempted to buy ?
not placed upon the market in the very I,' any other ? Yes. Why is it that these very much as you would potatoes, and "Ah, there's the rub," that puzzles all
should be handledso
best condition, if it fails to return a':'I gentlemen have such a reputation, selling even potatoes not but the consignor. He thinks that

recompense sufficient to reward the their oranges for three, four and roughly. Often they strike the : all the world is what Shakespeare con-
five dollars box. while others with top of the box so hard as to bruise
money invested and labor expended, j per fessed us, "What fools we mortalsbe
the fault may be with the grower and equally as good fruit get no more than the peel, not to show then perhaps, !" RURAL.
not with the industry. The fact that one dollar per box? What's the difference but if packed it, will in a day or two .>. .

have paid and ? The difference is in the start and endanger the whole box. Frost and Moss.
many orange
The whose They are hurried to the packing house; Editor Farmer and Fruit
not a few continue to pay large profits j men. gentlemen names :
on the investment is evidence enough f I are mentioned have labored long to hurried to the sizer; hurried to the As I have gained some valuable information

to prove that the industry is not only | make a reputation and they are as chap who twists the paper around at from your paper 1 will con-
careful of it it their the rate of three cents a box. One tribute mite. the
a profitable one but one worthy of as though were my By January
prosecution.Rural honor; indeed, it is nothing else. A hundred and fifty of 1505 go in a box freeze I lost some lemon trees four

I reputation can only be secured and and no more. It is a matter of supreme years old. Those frozen were not

is acquainted with a grove maintained by exercising the greatestcare indifference whether some are I protected by overhanging limbs. The

that has for the past three years returned i with their products. Every oval or others flat, 150 of 1503 is the I trunks were frosted between the lemon

cent. on $1,000 orange receives the closest scrutinyand measure. Some may stick up an inch buds and a few inches of the ground,
30 per per wiggle-I i
acre this was above all ex I nothing goes to market under some down an inch; they may j' and the sun had a fair shine on the
per year; :
penses. Larger returns have been their names that is not the very best. waggle in the box, but, click, on goes I injured part. Some did not show it

claimed and one frequently reads in In this way their oranges beget an in- the cover; click, clack, go in the nails until months afterward, when the

the press about groves returning 60 dividuality-that is sure to secure a and the box is on its way to the depot. i drouth set in and wilted them. All

for the I the trees that had limbs
reputation overhanging
and 100 per cent. on $[,000 per acre. grower.
But the illustration above was fully By the time they have gotten to the and the same conditions of growth

investigated and Rural speaks by the Rural said elsewhere that the dif station they give evidence of being otherwise were not hurt. Even the

card. A net of $300 per acre ought':!; ference was in the men more than in "slack packed." During the journeyof citron trees did not lose a leaf or a

. to satisfy any man, especially if he hasten :the fruit, and the great secret is in the 800 or 1,000 miles they are tossed bloom, and the mangoes blooming at

or twenty acres, but it don't in :packing house. Just before the pack- ; about by train men, shaken up by the the same time have ripened.a first cr-op.

many cases. There are persons enj j:ing season opens many of our growers cars, and jammed around by the dray. So I decided to wrap each exposed tree



body with moss each fall. I gathered weeks before the result will be equalin of Prof.Roberts shows that fresh stable IRRIGATION 3.

ten pounds of the cypress moss and value to the single ton of fertilizerin manure contains 5.46 pounds of am

wrapped ten five-year old trees; it took the item of potash. monia in 1,000 pounds, while the Windmills Insufficient Power.In as a Lifting:
ten minutes to wrap them and five The formula of the solid droppingsalone thoroughly rotted article contains 7.06
minutes to unwrap them. would be incomplete in potash; pounds in 1,000. Urine also gains a recent number of the Agricul-
At 4 o'clock in the afternoon I put but with the urine added-which is largely in ammonia through fermenta- turist we find a report of a discussionheld
of trunk the valuable of the tion and the decom- by the growers of DeLand on
two pounds moss on one tree really more two, rotting, owing to
and poured one quart of water on the though usually left out of the accountit position of urea and its conversion in. the subject of irrigation. The weightof

moss; by sundown the moss was as would not be very objectionable. to carbonate of ammonia.But opinion and experience tended to

dry as before putting it on. I had In fact, it might fairly be called a even if the oranges were as confirm the views lately expressed in
heard that in Louisiana if they put on "complete fertilizer," with a slight excess sweet and fine as the best fruit grownon our columns on this branch of the

a wrapper it would freeze to the tree of nitrogen, which should be cor- commercial fertilizer, the whole subject.
and kill it; hence the experiment.We rected by the addition of sulphate of system in general is so crude and The fruit growers of DeLand held

always have a north wind aftera potash. This answers our correspond- coarse and wastes so much of the their regular monthly meeting here on

rain in this part of Florida in the ent's query, but we are tempted to con- better part of the tree that it must be Saturday, May 28th, with a very large

winter, and before a frost. Everytree sider the topic further. condemned by most careful growers.Still attendance of members, the newly
that I have seen killed by last The above are the statistical facts. we cannot but believe that if a elected president, Mr. F. R. Osborne,
January frost would have escaped if Now what are the facts as to the effectof small herd of cattle were confinedat in the chair, who at the opening called

they had been wrapped with moss. cow-penning on the trees and fruit? night in stalls with a tight floor, the attention of the stockholders of

Fresh moss can be had here for half a There is no doubt that on light sandy and the urine saved and applied to the the Florida Fruit Exchange- the

cent per pound; so the moss and the soil the effect of it would be to producea trees every day, the result would repay meeting in Jacksonville on June 9th

time used for putting it on and off. thrifty growth; that is, of course, if the outlay. Johnston says, "the solid for the purpose of electing new direc
would not cost, all told, far from one i enough cattle are penned in the grove substances contained in urine, if all tors. After some discussion it was
cent per tree. for a sufficient length of time. Cow- added to the land, would be more fer- arranged that a number of proxy

By hooking the moss over the first penning should not be practiced on tilizing than guano, which now sells atfro blanks be handed over to Mr. E. O.

limb and giving a few loose wraps the heavy, damp soils of the flatwoods, a ton." By reference to the Painter for the use of those members
around the tree to the ground, and as the trampling of the cattle would above table it will be seen that the who would not be able to go to Jack

tucking it in, about 600 trees can be pack the soil so hard as to retard the urine is much stronger than manurein sonville but wished to cast their votes

wrapped in a day of ten hours by a growth of the roots and injure the potash and weaker in nitrogen.The by proxy.
good hand; and this will save manyif trees more than the manure would be I This question being disposed of,

not all the trees that are exposed.I worth. But on medium or high pine Red Ceylon Peach. discussion commenced on the burning

shall wrap all of mine, large and the only injury to the trees would be and question of the dayirrigationandthe
Editor Farmer Fruit Grower:
small, in the future.I that produced by the browsing of the absolute need of it being unani-
should like to have the experienceof Foliage and the breaking of the limbs. I am sending you today by expres s mously conceded as a consequence of
a few Red Ceylon Peaches. All my the general "opening up" of the
others. We have time to talk it With tall seedlings trimmed horse-
trees were loaded again this year. I country, the devastation of the pine
over by next fall. high this loss would be inconsiderable,
THOMAS T. EYRE. but with wide-spread, deep-grown bud- have been here four years and every forests, etc. Rev. Mr. Gelston raised

Near Fort Myers, Lee Co., Fla. ded trees it would be serious; it wouldso year the trees have had to be proppedup the next important question, whetherit
outrage the finer sense of any tidy to prevent the branches from break- would be a paying investment for a

Cowpenning the Grove. grower that he would feel like killingthe ing. In this part of Florida, at any man owning but a five acre grove to
rate, the Red Ceylon is a sure crop; its to the expense-by no
Editor Farmer and Fruit-Crower: cattle. The writer once saw some go necessary
Some of my neighbors arj cow. budded groves, near DeLand, which very strong growing and seems to means a very light one-and which
be free from all disease, but I do not would be the cheapest to reach
their way
penning large bearing orange were being cow-penned as an experi--
think: it is long lived, and it is best to best results.
trees. Is this a complete fertilizer? ment. As far up as the cattle could
If not, what is required to supplementit reach the foliage was gone as clean as keep up a succession by raising new Regarding the first part of the ques .
? H. P. B. if it had been devastated by army seedlings every year. All the seedlings tion there seems to be a unanimity,
I[ have seen came quite true. as it had been too strongly
The lower limbs proven
We have collated the followingtable worms. were man-
The oldest trees I have are about the latter
which shows at a glance the gled and broken; it was a sight so everywhere; regarding part
eight years old, and they are fine big Mr. advocated iron
Clough pipes
number of pounds of the principal ma- abominable that we hope not to see it
nurial elements furnished to the soil, again in Florida. trees; they branch out low from the through the grove, with spraying hydrants -
ground and don't form a single stem in between four if
centers or
respectively, by a thousand pounds of More\ than that, the Jiungry brutes
like many peaches. Some of the sufficiently elevated even six trees as
cow manure and urine and a standard which live on wire grass soon learn to
branches are about fifteen feet long has had bad
apparently everybody experience -
orange fertilizer sold largely in this eat oranges, green or ripe, without
and never grow straight up, as the fruit with of water
discrimination. This fact
is togetherwith
State. It based on the analyses of ,
bends them so that they always remain through rubber hose in the hands of
the defoliation and mutilation of
Prof. Roberts, of Cornell University,
arched. Of if I had thinned
course unreliable darkies. With these
and F. W. Johnston, the author of the limbs absolutely withdraws from
the fruit the peaches I send wouldbe (for and half hours
"Agricultural Chemistry. Of course use in fruit-bearing the whole of the you running two a ,
larger, but I didn't have time to do could
one man easily thirty
cattle that are pastured on wire tree as high up as the cattle can reach.In manage
will yield manure not over half as grass val [ this climate it is of the highest importance it. The Red Ceylon Peach, thoughnot hydrants, and thoroughly soaking the
the finest to eat raw, preserves and ground in this manner there would be
to low wide-
uable as that from a grain-fed dairycow develop a ,
cans better than other I know fear of if
any no scalding even applied
tree to the trunk
as it is composed largely of dry protect
and, being a freestone, is less troubleto when the hot.
sun was shining
and indigestible woody tissues. and large limbs from the hot sunshineas
put up than a cling. It should Mr. Painter stated that
One thousand pounds of each will well as the frost ; also to have the experience
prove a valuable peach to cross with proved all pipe systems for irrigation
yield approximately: fruit within reach from the ground as
other varieties. It ripens about the insufficient unless applied through
much possible.
Water Nitrogen Potash Phos. Acid.
Manure 750 to 4tt 3H" 4H Lastly, as to the effects of cowpen- same time as the Peento. two-inch laterals.Mr. .
800 Trusting the peaches will arrive in Franck called the whole present
Urine 925 2 6i 710Fertilizer ning on the fruit itself. It is com-
78 8iH 116 98 monly asserted that the fruit from cow- good; condition, believe me yours system of iron pipes, hose, sprinklers,

From this table it will be seen thata penned trees is sour and coarse, but truly, Louis BOSANQUET.Fruitland :. etc., too primitive-more like costly
ton of the droppings, liquid and the testimony on this point is conflict- Park, Fla. play-while he considered as the only

solid together, will yield about six ing. It seems highly probable that The peaches were received in excellent practical way the use of burnt brick

pounds of nitrogen, ten pounds of the presence of these faults may be condition. Most of them were tiles filled witfy water to filter throughlike

potash and five pounds of phosphoricacid. due, not so much to the slight one- I evidently picked before they were a cistern filter and thoroughly

It will take about eleven tons sidedness of this fertilizer, as to the quite[ ripe. The mature specimenswere moisten the sub-soil, where the roots
of the droppings to furnish as much use of excessive quantities of it. A of a fairly good size for this dry are, and thus produce the same con-

potash-which is the element of pre priori the fruit should not be specially season-shape, roundish oblong, compressed dition of soil as found here by old

eminent importance in Floridaaswill sour and coarse, as a result of the a conspicuous suture on one settlers in localities where nature had

one ton of the fertilizer An average quality of the manure, which, as side at the stem end, a bulge on produced wild orange groves without
milch cow will void in twenty above pointed out, is not'excessively the same side at the blossom end; with assistance of man. To Mr. Clough's

four hours eighteen pounds of urine strong in nitrogen for a summer fer- the peculiar recurved point like the opposition that this would give no

and forty pounds of solids. The cat- tilizer. There can be no question Honey, but not so long and sharp; water for spraying purposes againstthe
tle are in the grove only half the time. that fresh cow manure and urine are skin yellow and green, washed with attacks of red spider and other

Therefore it will require the penningof not so objectionable on this score as dull red; flesh white, red next to the insects, he contended that well irriga-

twenty cattle for a week to deposita horse manure, especially when the stone, moderately juicy and of a pro- ted groves would never be endangeredby
ton of manure, and it will be eleven I latter has been rotted. -The analysis nounced acid; perfect freestone. these insects, which Mr. Paint r'i



confirmed by saying that he had never will last several more. The trees are elevation of 2016 feet, and at Arita- spring, and it is to this that the extreme -
been able to find red spider where the last of the citrus family to start Gun, in the Province of Kii, hardiness of trees grafted on this
irrigation was used. new leaves. The "Oonshiu" sprouted they are located from half a mile to stock may be attributed. The Japanese .
Lively discussion followed the Rev. on May ist and the Kin Kans a three miles from the sea, at an elevation do not appear to give the same
Mr. Gelston's inquiry about the practicability week later. The Citrus Trifoliata of 610 to 800 feet. attention to the cultivation of orange
of windmills for that pur- started on the ist of April. I had a A southerly exposure is best for the ; trees as in California and Florida,
pose.Mr. photo taken of a section of a hedge, trees and the best soil a sandy loam allowing vegetables and corn to grow
Franck having in use on his and with a magnifying glass you may with gravel about 3 feet from the between the trees, which are plantedso
place one of the best windmills in ex judge of its appearance.In surface. Hilly and rolling land is closely together that the branches
istence since nine years, confessed to your issue of 7th April, page preferable for the "Oonshiu" and often interlock.
be very well satisfied when his mill, 264, you have unwittingly, doubtless, "Hira\Iikan" varieties. The irrigation which takes place
with good wind-exceedingly good inserted an article from the Detroit The minimum temperature is 36 only in the dry season is done by
wind-pumped fifty barrels in half a Free Press, which is a garbled extract F.j; maximum 95 and average 65 pails and the liquid manure is distributed -
day. Now, he said, you can figure, from the report on the oranges of THE OONSHIU with dippers by hand.
that makes 100 barrels a day, but Japan by the Consul here. I send is in every respect the best variety. There are no nicely laid out grovesas
then you never have such a strong, you a copy of the original because I The tree, or more properly, the bush, in the United States, but irrigation
steady wind blowing all day, and if have heard that there are no more to grows to the height of 10 or 12 feet patches and many trees are planted on
you had, what do 100 barrels a day be had from the Department at Wash- and covers a space 22 or 23 feet in the hillsides in terraces the same wayas
amount to, which are hardly sufficientfor ington. This shows the demand there' diameter, or 70 feet in circumference.It rice and other products.
nine orange trees for five days, in has been for it. Perhaps you will branches close to the ground, and, INSECTS.
which time that dose in times of drouth think the entire report worth printing.The not being pruned, the weight of the No attention is paid to insects be-
would have to be repeated.Mr. governor of Hiogo province, of fruit causes the lower branches to lie yond burning the chrysalis or beetles.
Painter strongly disputed this course, is a very high authority as far on the ground completely coveringthe The "scale" is injurious in some parts
point, stating that windmills had been as concerns the fruits grown in this trunk. They are extremely pro- and almost unknown in others as may
considerably improved since the last province, but there are colder parts of lific, and as the fruit is not thinnedout be seen by the smooth-skinned
nine years, even since the last three Japan where, as I have before written, when small, it does not often attaina oranges from Arita.,
years, and with present applianceswith the frost is very severe. Allow me size of over 3 or 3/ inches in NURSERIES.
a twelve foot wheel, he could to make a remark on the engravingsthat diameter, and the majority not over The principal ones are about it
comfortably pump 300 barrels a day. are being presented in various 212. Like all other fruits, they are miles from the sea and the trees are
This looks nice on paper, Mr. newspapers of the Citrus Trifoliata.The picked by the Japanese when green protected in the winter till the third
Wetherell said, although even then, fruit is in reality not larger thana (unripe) and sour, as early as the 1St year with coarse straw matting roughlytied
you have but water enough for one billiard ball, but to judge by the of October, and are gathered and around, the idea being to pre-
acre of orange grove, but my expe- wood cuts it is larger than the largest packed by December, when they are serve the young growth and not
rience at Mr. J. B. Stetson's (who pomelo ever grown. The flowers and stored, keeping so well as to be because they fear injury to the matur-
had the latest and most improved fruit, too, are growing together, found in the market as late as the end ed branches. As the Japanese see no
wheel, 16 feet in diameter on a 66 whereas, in Japan, the blossoms are of May. The fruit of the Oonshiu is beauty in an upright tree, but rather
foot tower) taught me that I never small and do not last long, and fall flattened at the poles, the rind peels prefer them crooked or dwarfed, the
had any water from the mill when I long before the fruit matures. Then off very easily and the segments partas young trees are not staked or trained.
needed it most. again, there is nothing wonderful readily. One reason for prefering the low
Mr. Kimberley, an old expert on about the fruit, which is a dull, pale I When the orange is cut horizon- tree is that they can pick the fruit
that point, stated that with sufficient yellow, and the tree, too, does not : tally, the juice is so abundant that it without ladders; and another is that
water on Florida sand he would with grow as ornamental as stated, though runs over freely. They are practically the branches keep the ground cool and
out any commercial fertilizers, beat possibly it might be made to if prunedfor seedless; out of 200 only 2 were foundto more moist than if exposed to the sun.
any country raising fruit or vegetables, that purpose.I have seeds. Their flavor is very As the tree is not a rapid grower,
but having tried windmills at Jackson- think you will agree with me thatit pleasant-sweet, but not too sweet- although it produces fruit at an early
ville as well as here, he preferred to should not be called the Japanese and is much liked by foreigners in stage, it would not be a difficult or expensive -
Vtn Uv without them Hardy- Orange- for the Oonshiu is en- Japan and China. thing to cover them with a
This closing the discussion, Rev. titled to that name, but it should be THE "HIRA" MIKAN, light frame work and awning duringthe
Gelston moved to discontinue the called the Japanese Wild Orange. It sometimes called "Kishin": Mikan, or cold weather in parts of the United
meetings till next fall-the hot sum- is full of seeds and utterly unfit for "Kino-Kuni" Mikan, is a smaller fruit States where the climate is intemperate -
mer months being too unpromising for eating in any form. As a hedge plantI than the Oonshiu, and though it has a rather than to be deprived of so
good attendance-which motion was consider it invaluable but it must few seeds it is desirable. The tree valuable and ornamental a tree.
almost unanimously voted down. be set closer than 18 to 20 inches goes to the height of 30 feet, is an i THE MARKET PRICE OF THE OONSHIU.
When Mr. Franck Bond kindly ten- apart. The tree in the engravings I immense bearer and is as hardy as the Fruit in Japan is from 2 to 5 silver
dered the union an invitation to looks more like the Dai Dai, as you I Oonshiu. yen per I,000 according to size and
the West DeLand water works, will see by the photograph of that tree, THE "KIN-KAN," quality, and considerable shipmentsare
where he could show the consequencesof which I send you, but even thoughthe known in China the made to San Francisco, but, owingto
as Kumquat, or
irrigation through several years, the Dai Dai is the largest orange (not the of their being packed in air tight

golden to height
orange, grows
different modes of application etc. shaddock or pomelo) that here
grows 6 feet and is Thereare boxes often arrive in bad condition.-
I prolific.
his invitation was thankfully accepted in Japan, the fruit can hardly be seen. two kinds "Maru-mi"very round Agricultural Department, Washington -
and it was resolved to hold tne We have shipped thousands of
young fruit and the D. C. Consular report, Decem-
"Naga-mi or long
) ,
next meeting on the last Saturday trees and have large orders for next ber, 1890. No. 708.
fruit. It contains seeds and is
afternoon in June at the West DeLand year, and it is so well known by this 4 or 5
. water works, with which the meeting time that it is a pity to exaggerate its palatable, eaten raw, rind and all,
but its chief is in
use as a preserve
adjourned. beauty, etc., to mislead those not acquainted -
] It has been
> with it. The Japanese do syrup or crystalized. long MorningNoon
both in and China
The Kumquat and Trifoliata. not graft on otic-year stocks as stated; popular Japan ,
when treated in this
Bditor Farmer and Fruit Grower: I it grows too slowly, but on two or way.
I have just returned from Kishiu, I three, and sometimes four year stocks.H. HOW PROPAGATED.
where, you know, the bulk of the E. AMOORE. The orange tree is propagated in NightGood
oranges of Japan are raised, and I Yokohama. Japan. Japan by grafting on sour stock, "Ci
was surprised at the immense quantityof -4 trus Trifoliata," or native wild orange, all the time. It removes
Kumquats (or Kin.Kans) being The Orange in Japan. which is so extremely hardy that it the languor of morning, sus-
shipped in boxes to all parts of the [Report by Consul Smithers of Osaka and Hiogo, does not appear to suffer with cold.It lulls
prepared from information obtained from the tains the energies noon,
country.I Governor of the Hiogo Ken and from facts fur- grows to the height of 25 to 30 feet.
nished by Mr. H. U. Amoore, an English gentleman the weariness of
sent you a bamboo tube with in The fruit is perfectly round, somewhat
engaged exporting young trees to Cali-
some specimens, but I am sorry I did fornia.] larger than a billiard ball and full of night.Root
not wait, for I saw much larger ones.I VARIETIES. seeds. The stock for grafting is prop :;
stewed some in sugar and made a There are many varieties of the agated from these seeds. The young Hires'Beer .
delicious preserve with very little orange found in Japagr of which the trees are transplanted each spring and ., ;
trouble, and I think this fruit oughtto most profitable are tUonshiu, Hira- after two years are ready for grafting.The delicious, sparkling, appetizing.Don't .
receive more attention than it has Mikan, Koji, Kinkan and Natsu-Mi- leaf is trifoliate, like the clover.
hitherto done in the United States. kan. In the prefecture of Osaka the The tree is very thorny and it is deciduous of larger be profit deceived, tells if you a dealer some,for other the sake kindis

This is May 17th, and they have location of the orange trees is about ; the sap falls in the winter is"just as good as iood.tis as the genuine false.IIIJtZSN$16 No*.imitation
been in the market some months and I 3 miles distant from the sea, at an and does not rise until late in the

I.H r



F RRMER fI IA ''I tle EI grower in the State, we are informed, the writer a field of( beggarweed which every day matter to us. Millions of
who sells clean seed. When clean it covered the ground as densely as a money isn't all that makes life worth
Florida Butter Bean. is generally sold at 25 cents a pound, clover meadow, and said that with living. Again, a farmer friend of ours
Editor Farmer and FruitGrower.In and there should be 16 pounds in a the help of this volunteer growth he has a pair of beautiful twin daughters.

your issue of June 2d, in speak- bushel. When sold rough, four pecks : could grow a good crop of corn year They grow very few berries. When
ing of the Florida Butter Bean you make a bushel. The Legislature after year in succession and without the children were perhaps nearly two
say that "it is said to resist the wee- should regulate the weights of various any other manure being applied. years old the father brought them to
vil." It has not done so with me; seed and grains in this State at its This is not answering your question our house in berry time. I got a two
nearly every bean that I saved last fall next session ; the four brief sections devoted directly, as to its value in an orange quart can of berries and put before
was almost entirely ruined by the to "weights and measures" in grove; but you can readily see from them. At first they hardly knew whatto
weevil this spring when planting time the statutes now in force, are wholly the facts above given that any plant make of them, but they soon found
came. The Marianna Plum was saidto inadequate and indefinite Most grains which roots so deeply, dies down their way to their mouths. The father
be "borer proof" and also "curcu- grown in this State, especially corn completely in the winter (it is an annual was holding one on each arm. They
lio proof," but it is neither; hence I and rice, are conspicuously heavierper ), leaving no sod to bind out the were grabbing up the berries by the
have learned to make considerable bushel than are those grown on orange roots; especially one which is handful with both hands and fairly
allowance for extravagant claims on soils less rich in phosphoric acid than a legume and therefore a gatherer in- stuffing them into their mouths, and
behalf of any fruit or vegetable. But Florida soils are, and our farmers stead of a consumer of fertility; could their faces were all daubed over with
aside from the statement that you make should have the benefit of these heavier hardly be otherwise than valuable ina juice. I would give $50 for a good

concerning the weevil, I think too weights. grove. It would not preclude but picture of that scene.
much can hardly be said in praise of 2. In its last bulletin, the Alabama would facilitate the spring and autumn And I would give another $50 if I
this bean. I have known it since Mr. Experiment Station reports on this cultivation with the cutaway.-ED. could induce every father with his
Moore first brought it to notice, was plant (Desmodium moll) as follows : land to arrange so this could be a
here on the Cherokee Farm when he This plant requires close attention to Basic Slag for Fertilizing.From common scene at his home all throughthe
planted his first patch of them and be of value, but when properly treated it [ a paper read by Mr. \V. II. Morris before berry season. Oh, make thechildren's
has been one of our most profitable forage the American Institute Mining:'Engineers.]
have them since. lives
seen growing ever as happy as possible,
plants. The soil must be rich and should
have been using this material for.
They are a sure and profitable crop be moist rather than dry; the ground and unless you are much less of a child
and the yield per acre cannot be ex must be well prepared, and planting some years on my lawn and garden, than the writer you will enjoy the
celled by any other bean within the postponed until there is no danger from and have found it better than anything berries almost as much as the little
heavy frosts. The plants grow rapidlyand I have ever had, and am sure that any
scope of my knowledge. The qualityis folk. Set out the berries, my good
should be cut when not than of
that of Hender more you who could see the green grass friends. You won't them in
good as
equally as : buy any
and half
two a feet high as, if allowed to last month
son's Bush Lima Bean. I have never grow taller, the lower leaves drop and during as bright as in early great quantity. And then the children
tried them on the Northern market, the stalk becomes too coarse for hay.It fall wherever the ground was bare young and old, will take so much
but certainly think they would bring will give at least three cuttings in a from snow, would be forced to acknowledge pleasure in watching the first berries
season, and as the roots deep, it the advantages of this soil I
go very
good prices. I believe, if they could ripen and seeing them grow. Do
i is a renovating rather than an exhaust- enricher. The
be protected from frost, they would ing crop. Cattle arc very fond of it, but grass on my lawn, as grow strawberries, at least. Set outa
well as around our office is the
continue to produce a crop for twelve it bears grazing only moderately well green large bed next spring, two or three
months of the year. Has anyone and does not reseed itself well on uncultivated whole winter, and at our steel workswe square rods for each member of the
ever tried them below the frost line? ____._ have raised very good sod by the famiiv. If you have too many, how
If so, I would like to know how long From our observation of beggarweedit use of this phosphate, where withoutit nice -to have some to give to- your
they continued to bear. ( is to be regretted that it has sucha we were unable to get the grass to .friends. Select a. good piece of land
S. L. BISHOP. demeaning= name) we are inclined to grow either from seed or when repeat and draw some manure on it now.
Waycross, Ga. attach a very= high value to it, both for edly sodded. The same applies to The strip of land should be long and
We merely repeated the statementof a forage and for a fertilizing crop. garden truck; when the soil was first narrow, for convenience in cultiva-
Mr. Moore as to the reputed exemption Indeed, it seems to be the nearest broken up, a good crop of vegetableswas ting. It isn't a great deal of work if
of this bean from the wee- equivalent in :Florida to the red clover easily raised. My own gardenerhas rightly managed. The piece we set
which such a value to had several premiums from Phila
vil.-ED. possesses great out last spring is about two rods by
---:O- the farmer of Tennessee or Pennsyl- delphia seedsmen, notably last year, eight. \\'e expect fifteen to twenty
Bloodthirsty Flies. vania. When cut green and cured in the first premium for sugar corn raised bushels of berries. But they have
Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: cocks it furnishes whichis in the first
tramp hay early July, being samplesent been very well cared for.-Practical
For the benefit of readers
your every way as relishable and as nu them. Farmer.
those that did not see it and those that tritious stock as the clover hay of ; Our method is to grind the slag very I 4
have forgotten it, I will ask you to reprint the North. If sun-dried toe leaves I finely, so that at least 60 per cent of Drouth Effects.
the receipt I gave last season to will fall off, leaving almost bare stems, it will go through a screen of 22,000 I
keep flies away from horses and cat- and, of course, such feed is very poor meshes and 90 per cent. through a Fires have been all through the
tle. It works like a charm with us;- and uninviting to cattle. screen of 10,000 meshes to the inch, swamp this spring. At one place
there are-but few flies that will come stands a large blackgum on a mound
But as a. soil renovator it pos and in this seems to lie the main
near a creature upon which it is used. sesses its highest value to the farmer feature of its success. We have had formed by its roots. The fire had devoured
Take. an empty two-pound beef can, and fruit grower on the sandy soils of several wonderful reports from various the soil between the roots to a
or better a tin pail in half and depth of three feet and to a great cir-
put the Florida peninsula. The annual sections. Among others, where it has
half tallow and lard.' melt and let shipment of heggarweed seed from doubled the crop of wheat to the acre, cumference, thus disclosing the arrangement -
partly cool; then add two tablespoons Middle and West Florida to South and also in fruit growing sections it of the tree's feeders= and
crude carbolic acid. When cold, Florida is one of the most hopeful has done well. Some claim that it stays. Apropos of burning muck, itis

thin down to the consistency of paste, signs of the times, in an agricultural will kill the curculio, the enemy of from many indications, not improb-
with kerosene oil; make a swab and point of view, that we are acquaintedwith. plum trees, and it has done well in able that the basins of these three .
gently touch the animal in places Florida in competition with fish phos lakes were some time in the long ago

about the body. It usually lasts two When once the land is seeded, on phates. The very fine powder will I hollowed out by fire-that where; the
or three days on the animal for the medium or even high pine, it will also destroy the bugs that infest the lakes now are deep muck depositsonce

purpose. come up after the corn crop is "laid] rose bushes and small fruits, and potato existed, which, after .long
C. A. BACON. by," and before frost comes it will be bugs are driven away by it. drouths, somehow caught fire and
Number Nine,June, '92. as high as a man's head all over the .-*-. kept burning down to the sand. The
-*-*-<- in
Begrffarweed-Statute Weight. field. The shade it affords is enrich- Start for Strawberries.One ever-present remains of stumps
Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: ing to the soil of itself; then add the of Chicago's wealthiest men their bottoms can be accounted for in

I. How many pounds constitute a mass of foliage, stems and rootsallof once called at my home with his child no other way. Somewhere in the cen-
of Lake is still hillock of
ter Crosby a
bushel of beggarweed seed ? Is it which when broken down and cut ren. While we were talking I sent
sold by weight or by measure ? up with the disc harrow, after it has the children out into the berry patchto muck and stumps standing no more
than four feet below water
2. Please give me some general dried out in the winter, makes a very help themselves. The father and I average
all shallow but
level. The lakes
idea of its value in an orange grove.INQUIRER. considerable coating of vegetable mat- stood where we could watch them. are ,
when first formed
ter to be plowed under-and there is You ought to have seen them put were yet
land has
Lake County. furnished to the soil a supply of those great berries in their mouths because the surrounding
- i. There is no statute regulating humus-making material, almost equalto They acted asN*ugh they never had risen sincethen from accumulations of
the weight of beggarseed in this Stateor an application of manure. A such a treat before in all their lives. vegetable matter.= .
in any other so far as we are in. thrifty and observing farmer of Jefferson The father seemed ashamed of their ALLIGATOR CAVES

formed. It is comparatively a new county, living on sandy soil no greediness; but I just enjoyed it. I enjoyed were explored by ye explorer with
article to "the trade. It is generally better than that of the best pine landsof feeling that& what was such a long poles, but no inmate ever resented -

sold-rough; in fact, there is only one South Florida, once pointed out to treat to those rich children was an the intrusion, for r they were. all




gone and not a drop of water was Poultll how many he can use, I will give chicks diarrhea and other forms of

found around the caves. Nature tol > him the approximate cost. This will indigestion, which disappeared: as soon

erates no "barren: trees;" every living give me an idea, too, how large a as we discontinued the use of hard-
Edited E. AMSDEN,
by W. Ormond. Fla.
thing must pay its fare for riding WWWWFence quantity I will be safe in ordering.E. boiled eggs. We do not feed chicksfor

through life. As the beaver is the Post Base. W. AMSDEN.An twenty.four hours after they are
dam builder so is the alligator the .
The fence post, of which an illustra- taken from the nest or incubator.

well digger, and many; are the animals tion may be found below, is formed of Old Poultryman's Experience. They are not hungry and do not needit

foung birds and fish who are iron in wing flanges to give a larger I have had a great deal experienceboth they having absorbed the yolk of
safely tided over a dry spell by the the just before hatching and have
bearing surface and at the same time in failures and successes. I have
water in the 'gator holes. Years ago all the nourishment they need for
have strength and lightness. The up- been chickens with incubators
alligators were plentiful around the hours.
They simply require -
ward extension angle is designed to receive -
lakes, and often at night their pecu. about ten years. I have had many during this time quiet and
the lower er l of the wood piece
liarly ominous, threatening, challenging / failures, and at last success. I am warmth. We do not give them any

bellowing could be heard for now so successful with my incubatorthat water to drink for ten days. We give

miles, sounding as frightful as Gabriel's i them all the milk they need, and at
I have entirely discarded hens
trumpet to a poor sinner. But as all times, as we prefer milk to water
few are left now. f far as incubation is concerned; they for chicks.
have got to take a back seat. I do not
TilL OLD BIRD ROOST, Our first feed is bread slightly moist-
with its terrible stench its thousandsof see how poultry can be made profitable
ened with milk fed every two hours
without an incubator. Incubators have
grallatorial birds, nests and snakes for the first day. For the second day
come to stay. If I had to do withoutmy
and treacherous holes stands
now they get the same and stale breadcrumbs
incubator I would out of the
and deserted. The de. go I
dry guano alternating two hours.
t'I chicken business. I can now hatch I every
nourish thick of /
posits growths dogfen We continue this feed for ten days,
chickens with less trouble and
nel these in their my at
turn nourishingthick when the chicks will begin to eat
growths of redbugs. No more 1 1 any time of the year, so as to get the cracked wheat and other grain. Then
high prices. I also raise more chickens
shooting of water turkeys by the cartloads : the bread and milk is gradually withdrawn
with artificial brooders than with
no more eggs by the peck ; an. and the grain food substituted
other of Bradford's industries is gone. I the hen. I allow a part of my broodto morning noon-and night. How
run at large and better half .
Bradford; County Telegraph. / my says ever, bread and milk is given to them
; she has no trouble now running after
twice three times week until
or theyare
The Surest Fruit Crop of Florida. hen and chickens in the grass and
The Scuppernong has long been J wheat fields when it rains or is raw fully grown. This gives them a
and we can in this feed
change, way
and cold the old hen her
known as the surest crop here of any which
poultry strengthens -
known grape. A reliable and intelligent young chicks after her, and they yelping and invigorates, wards off disease

man, who resided on the coast I to be hovered. Not so with the
and keeps the chicks in good condi--
over forty years, assures me the owner ) brooder chick:, if -they are healthy, tion. eat little when
They very grain
of a Scuppernong vine reckon which they will be if hatched with a
they have prepared feed, but we al-
with safety a good good incubator. Have a good brooder
every year upon ways feed them a little grain daily,
as they soon learn where solid com
crop of fruit. It does not require also boiled and
I fort is. They run in and out like chil- potatoes chopped
near as much labor and care as must
that forms the post proper, and which is onions, for variety sake, twice a week.
dren On cold
at play. mornings theyrun
be given to other varieties to insure
This feed contains
secured by ordinary bolts. This wood is prepared every element
in and then
to warm out again
success. The average yield of a get ,
all out of the which renders almost necessary to the growth and development -
three year-old vine is one peck at five I to peck. We never have to run after
; any kind available for the purpose, of the chick, and is espe
them drive them in when rain
years, two bushels; and a full grown a slender or short stick serving as well as nor to a cially useful during the first four weeksof

vine, or at ten years old, twenty five a long post planted in the ground. The comes. I put out a brood of chickenslast chick life. It is fed for four or six
bushels. This man has a Scupper base can be driven in the ground without February, and after a few days confinement weeks and then discontinued. We
arbor occupying less than one- digging, the vertical resistance being but so as to learn the brooder, I
slight, a transverse web bracket cast integral raise annually about 1,000 chicks, 90
fourth of an acre, from which he let them run, wet or dry, cold or warm,
with the base of all hatch.
serving as a ground to 95 per cent. we
makes five hundred gallons of unfer- stop to prevent the further sinking of the and I raised all except three, and they loss of 10 per cent. would discourageus.

mented wine a year, from the pure post. This bracket also serves as a seat were accidentally killed. I sold themat With of feeding
juice of the grape. His wine brings for the post. Great resisting surface is three months, and some of them our system : we
the broad lateral faces andas not only raise our chicks with a triflingloss
him presented by weighed four pounds, and the buyer
$2 gallon. It never sells hereat
per there is scarcely any longitudinalstress but we do so with less than half
said the best chickens he
less than $i per gallon. Several on a post, the lateral flange on one they were the time and labor involved under the
persons who make Scuppernong wineon side serves to stiffen the plane of greatest ever bought-and he is a regular old methods.

a small scale tell me that it is a resistance. buyer. _
natural sparkler.: The cost of har This, seems to me, meets a long-felt How is that for incubator chickens

vesting one hundred and twenty-five want in Florida where any kind of It has been said that they are not as

bushels is $12.25. Five hundred and wood placed under ground decays so healthy as other chickens. I say that The

four gallons of wine were obtained rapidly. The cost of the combinationof they are, and healthier, if you have a Superiorremedy

here last season from that quantity of iron and wood will not be more good incubator and brooders. I never

grapes. The Scuppernong, it is than good cedar posts, at the price we had healthier chickens in my life thanI

claimed, is proof against insects; pay for them in Ormond. One great had last year and have now, all tor all diseasesoriginating;

grape-rot does not touch it. It seemsto advantage of the iron base is, it can hatched in incubators.One .

delight most, according to Hon. J. be driven and is much more solid.than of my neighbors said to me last in

T. Henderson, Commissioner of Ag a wood post can possibly be when summer: "How is it that your pullets impure blood ;

riculture for Georgia, in the salt air of first set. lay so young? I never can get mineto the

the seacoast, and he adds : "This The price will depend entirely on do it.JJSome

grape is sui generis; it bears trans. how many are wanted. That is the of my pullets had laid enough W EDICiNE

portation well, makes several distinct object of this letter, to get an ex- eggs to pay for themselves before his

types of wine, all highly perfumedand pression from the people in Florida. had started to lay. His were hatchedby

of delicious bouquet, and a I want them for my own use. To get hens, and mine by incubators. which

brandy of unequaled excellence. If them manufactured in small quantitiesthey Some of mine laid at four monthsold. may always'

we were restricted to a fingle vine, it would be expensive. If I can I say that incubator chicks are be relied

is likely the Scuppernong would receive -. get sufficient encouragement to have healthy and profitable. Here is proofof upon .
the best
a larger vote survivorship them made by the ton, the price can it: From twenty five hens I cleared to give

than any other single name in the I be lessened very materially.. I will $96 from eggs and chicks. Give me satisfaction,

catalogue of grapes. This is furnish them at cost, or nearly so, if incubator chicks every time.-Scientific is

very high recommendation from an by so doing I can get them cheaperfor Poultryman.

eminent source. It is reasonable to my own use. t O AYER

believe, as Mr. H. thinks, that in the The base weighs 734 Ibs.; a 2x2 How to FeedI.To .

not remote future an important and with two 2U inch bolts complete the begin with, we never, at any Sa rsapari I II a

lucrative industry will grow out of the post. For a corner post or gate, 2x3 time, or under any circumstances, .

production of this very noted and can be used. The height will dependon feed hard boiled eggs. The hard Cures others will

striking type of the grape.family.T. the wood part. If any person in boiled egg theory exploded with us cure you

H. G. need of posts will write me and state long ago. We found this feed gave





STEPHEN POWERS Editor. spectacles and read the whole of my record reveals there were seven medals on this the fairest continent of earth ;
. P. O..Address, awtey Fla.
advertisement, which distinctly urges and two honors offered to the class, but they are here, and at least the

We acknowledge the receipt of a that green oranges should be shipped one pupil, Miss Jennie Frazier, takingtwo Africans are here to stay. The supe-
certificate of honorary membership in for export only.I medals. Such high-pressure work, rior race cannot escape the task imposed -
the Orange County Grape Growers' quite agree with the gentlemanthat protracted through a course of four- upon them by the decree of
Association. it is the worst possible action thata years' study, may well make a thoughtful destiny, the task of ruling these irre-
T Florida grower can do himself, the citizen shudder for the good healthof sponsible creatures, in whose minds
Up to date, 8,600 barrel crates of market, or the consumer to send or- the future generations of our race. the ballot generally represents no
pineapples have passed through Ti- anges in a green state to New York or Some members of this class, abjuring higher principle than a shelf in the
tusville. Besides this, thousands have any other home market. Very truly outdoor sports and recreation, not larder-the task of ruling] them witha
been shipped by schooner, of whichno yours, E. L. GOODSELL.New content with consuming all the day- hand that is strong but kindly.

record can be obtained.Mr. .--. York. +.._ light hours in study, carried home i iI I Mob law and lynchings are nothingbut

E. L. Goodsell l, of .New York, Printed Fruit Wraps. their books and bowed down over passion and barbarism; they are
This is something we can heartily them as late in the evening as parental
has tried the experiment of selling merely the lex talionis the law of
Mississippi green beans at auction. commend. It is hardly possible to authority would permit, and then retaliation of savages, which the great,

The first car sold-wax, 1.40 to 1.45 conceive of any grower systematically sometimes, with an ambition whichwas powerful and civilized Anglo Saxon
green, 1.25. The second-wax, 1.50to wrapping these brilliant bits of paper, insatiable, furtively conveyed a race ought to have outgrown by at
with his own name elegantly printed book books to the bedroom thereto
i.60 ; green, 1.25 to 1.40. least five hundred years. The un-
*-.-. I on each, around mean oranges. Henry peruse them further until long after speakable miscreant who lays hand
The new advertisement of the Paine Ward Beecher said, "Clothes do not Under such
midnight. a forcing sys- upon an American woman ought to
Fertilizer Company, of this city, will make the but after he is made
man, tem as this, which; the mistaken am- be killed as quickly as it can be done
be found well worth the attention of clothes help him amazingly." So of bition of
fond parents not only toler- by the legal machinery of the State.
our readers. Few firms have given good fruit. The Jersey City Printing ates but encourages, our city high But everytime that a furious, blind
more study to the important work of Company (see their card) print thesein schools become glittering centres of mob rushes upon a felon and wrests

preparing fertilizers specially adaptedto many colors, suitable to all conceivable contest in which immature minds and him from the hands of an officer and

the wants____of___the I ._Florida______growers. fruit tints. A famous In- nerves already in a high state of ten- lynches him, an ineffaceable stain is
,A car load of California cherries dian River grower hast had 20,000 sion, perhaps from heredity, are put upon our race. The lowest animal -
sold in New York, June 7, for $3,500, printed in this State for his choicest scorched like moths in a candle- that breathes has ,a right to its life
and it is claimed that this is more pines, each one containing directionshow made nervous wrecks -perhaps- for life. until it is proven guilty. and it is a

than any car load of fruit ever brought to cut and prepare.-.-. the fruit.Preserving .. shame for members 4 of the most pow
before. We have known a car load Fruits in Colors. A Strong Stand for Law and Order.A erful and intelligent race on the globeto
of Florida strawberries to bring from Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower negro in Chattanooga at tempteda kill a black man out of handforhe
35 to 60 cents a quart, which would In reply to your late inquiry, I refer heinous crime and a mob made is a human being, no matter how-
make it aggregate more than the Cali-- you to the first page of the California several determined attempts to wrest debased. This is treating them on
fornia cherries ; but as it was sold by Fruit Grower for May 21, 1892. This him from the officers for the purposeof their own level, and it degrades the
many different merchants and not you must have on file. You might lynching him. A mass meeting of participants.The .
auctioned off by one, as the cherrieswere send to Professor Hilgard, of Berke leading citizens, estimated a thou wretched, rotten pens whichtoo
no record of the total amountwas ley, California, for his last publicationon sand men, resolved to protect him often do service for jails, and the
ever secured. At 50 cents a the subject of preserving fruits. from the mob and secure him a regu- maudlin jugglery of modern juries,
quart, a car load would bring$4,000. Our experience has not been satisfactory lar trial. At the summons of the have much to answer for in this mis-
The Florida growers have paid over as the fruits lose color after a lit- sheriff a hundred of them, armed to erable business of lynching. Let

$1,000 freight charges on a car load tle exposure to the light. Very truly, the teeth, marched through the streets, every county have an iron cage, and
of strawberries more than once Yes, H. E. VANDEMAN, Pomologist. together with the police, guarding the let the culprit condemned to death be
sir; the railroads know what good Washington, D. 0.Remarkable. > i prisoner to and from the court. He put into it to stay until he is wanted.If .
fruit is, and they charge for carryingit Class Record.At was promptly tried, convicted on his [ human nature has become so mawkish -
accordingly. the fourteenth annual commence- confession and sentenced to twentyone that men cannot endure to take
_-. .. ment of the Duval High School, June years in the penitentiary; and part in a hanging, let the gallows be
Shipping Green Fruit.
Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: 9, the graduating class consisted of thirty of these same leading citizens, I constructed by one set of men, let the
In a recent issue of your paper I twenty-one members. Of the nine- still heavily armed, accompanied him : culprit be placed on it and securely
note atthe meeting of the orange growers teen in the regular course, the lowest on the cars and saw him safely lodgedin lashed by a second set, then let every
that a certain Major Rooks ad- average for the year was 93.681; the the penitentiary at Nashville. one disappear and let the fatal cord

dressed the convention, and referredto highest, 99.727; 100 being perfection.The This majestic uprising of the men leading to the drop be pulled by a
an advertisement which appearedin reader will hardly fail to note and of the iron city, the Pittsburg of the blindfolded man, if necessary.
your paper in a manner that either wonder at the extreme refinement of 'South, in vindication of the sanctityof .
shows stupidity on the part of that decimals employed in the marking.The American law, is bracing, and we Fast Time on California Fruit.
gentleman, or a determined attempt to Principal, Prof. Frederic Pasco, hope to see it repeated again and According to a dispatch received on
Thursday afternoon by Mr. E. L. Good-
place me in a wrong light before the was constrained to adopt this in orderto again until American courts are made
sell, the California fruit auctioneer, ofNew
Florida growers. In justice to myself prevent a repetition of last year's respectable once more. That is to York, from J. A. Monroe, Omaha,
therefore, and in reply to the experience, when, so strenuously were say, if it can be done without blood- general agent of the Union Pacific road,
statement that I advised the shipmentof the honors contended for and so closelydid shed, for it would be a pity to see good on Friday, a scheduled fast train will
green oranges, I would say that I the contestants keep abreast, that and true men imbrue their hands in leave Sacramento by the Southern Pacific
did give such advice, and what is still there were three valedictoriatfs;, thatis each other's blood in a sanguinary road to Ogden, thence to Omaha by Union
i Pacific, and from Omaha by the Chicago,
more to the point, continue to urge three first honors as their class ,struggle for the possession of a felon.
: )Milwaukee and St. Paul and Chicago and
the growers when they pack for the averages were alike. This year the But there will be no need of blood- Northwestern railroads, making a distance -

English markets to ship their orangesin I system of marking was so searching shed if, in every case that happens, The train of over will 2,000 leave miles Sacramento in 124 at hours.9 p.
as green condition as is necessaryin I that the first honor was differentiated men will remember how Chattanooga m. and will arrive in Chicago at 2 a. m.
order to get them off at the very from the second by the tenth of a thundered.The on the fifth day out.
o This move on the part of these two
earliest possible 'moment after the point! presence of the negroes in the railroads inaugurates the fastest freight
fruit has matured. I fail to see To stimulate the extraordinary am- South and of the rotten Asian slavesin service in the world, and on the cheapestbasis
of cost, VIZ.: $250 per car of 20,000
wherein Mr..Rooks- did not put on,his bition and diligence which this class ; California the one plague-spot pounds to Chicago.





ing down. Sales: California-2 cars at QUESTIONS AND REPLIES. California Fruit Outlook.Mr. .

JVEari] efcs 60c. per bu. del. Alabama carat 68c. 378. PROSPECTIVE LETTER. S. !I.. \ E. L. Goodsell, the domestic fruit .
per bu. del., 1% cars at 70c.; part car at : New York.. For the purpose you 'men auctioneer who recently reached New
, .... 70c. per bu. and 2.00 per bbl. Mississippi -I tion, Polk county would probably suit York after a lengthy trip throughout the
JACKSONVILLE- FLA., June 15. -26 bbls. at 1.25 per bbl on levee. you best. Western and Southern States, gives us

FRUITS AND VEGETABLES. Louisiana% car at 75c. per sack, 75 379. BLACKSMITH: TOOLS. C. N., some facts in regard to the crops which
[Corrected t.date by Marx Bros.] bbls at 1.75 per bbl. Onions, market almost Winter Haven. Send you by mail complete will prove of interest to the trade gener-
These are average quotations. Extra choice bare; new Southern quotable at been
list with lowest net cash prices of ally. :Mr. Goodsell has spendingthe
lots fetch prices above top quotations, while poor 95c. to 1.10 bu. and at 2.00 to 2.25
per winter in California and before
lots sell lower. two leading Jacksonville dealers. returning -
bbl. P. )'. KIELY & Co.
Lemons,Fla.......................... 2.00103.00 per : 380. LISBON LEMON. G. D., Dray- home made an extended tour of
Messina............ ......... 3.00103.25 the fruit-producing sections of that State
Limes, too........... ................. .50 CHICAGO June 13. ton Island. Write our South Florida also.
Pineapples, crate..................... 3.50104.00 advertisers. G. W. Garcelon, Riverside,
Bananas, bunch...................... 1.50 to 1.75 Peaches-Florida, crates of 4 baskets, Cal., has it. Generally speaking, Mr. Goodsell says
Potatoes, new barrel................ 3.00103.50 75 to 1.25. Pineapples-No. 1, per 100, that fully 50 per cent less of a fruit crop
5weet.bushel..... .......... 1.00 10.00 to 12.00 No. 2. 6.00 to 8.00 No. 3 381. GUM TISSUE. J. R. M., Gaines- be in California than was
; ; can expected
Florida cabbage,bbl..... .. .......... 1.50101.75Onions ville. None to be found in Jacksonville.
crate.......................... i.oo to 1.25 5.00 to 6.00; No. 4, 4.00 to 5.00; Florida. Write Koch & Co. New Sameof the case last year. Taking up the varieties -
Turnips, barrel........................ 1.50 fancy, sugar loaf, crates, 7.00 to 8.00;; to York. of fruit in detail, he says that he
Beets, ................ ....... 2.25 Florida small and off quality, crates, transfer paper. visited the largest orchards and fruit
Carrots, .................. ...... 2.50 382. INSECT EGGS. C. G., Lady
Parsnips .......... .............. 2.50 3.00. Tomatoes-Florida, crates, 6 bask- Lake. The those of the centers, and personally inspected the
Radishes, dozen....................... .40 ets, choice, 3.00; do, crates, 6 baskets, eggs are Katy- various ranches from which large cropsof
Cucumbers, not wanted............... fair to good, 2.00 to 2.50; do, crates, 6 did. Very slightly injurious to leaves. all kinds of fruit have always been
Celery ........ ............... 50 to .60 383. LAMB'S FAVORITE. W. F. N.,
Egg Pants,each....... ............. .10 to .12* baskets, common, 1.50 ; do 6 basket Hampton. Write to the in produced, therefore he does not believe
Beans,crate.......... ................. i.oo crates, small, not wrapped, .75; do, 1 bu. nurserymen that the crop of apricots will amount to
Peas,crate.. ....... ............ ...... i.oo to 1.50 boxes, good but green held 1.75:>; do, 1 South Florida who advertise in our col within 75 per cent. of last year's product.The .
Strawberries .......................... .10 choice 2.00 to 2.25:> Missis- umns. Some of them can doubtless fur- also be said of cherries
bu. boxes
........ ... : same can ,
Cauliflower. ..... .... .... 1.00 to 2.00 nish it.
Tomatoes.............................. 1.00 to 1.50 sippi, crates, 4 baskets, green and com- both of these varieties of fruit
Peaches .. ..... *............ ... 1.75102.50 mon and grubby, .50 to 1.00; do. crates, 384. BERMUDA GRASS. C. C. S., severely in the late frosts, that reverse
Native Plums qt. ..................... .05 to .10 4 baskets choice 1.50 do crates 4 bask- Haynes, Tenn. Spring is the best timeto the in the of
; expectations early season,
Watermelons.._......... ... :?..._.. .15 set the roots, but can succeed
Canteloupes in demand bbl.......... 3.00104.00 ets, fancy, shade more; do, %: bushel you the enormous California fruit crop.
Mangoes, 100....._.... ................. 1.50102.00 boxes, green or grubby, .:;;0 to .75. New with care in damp weather any time in Bartlett pears were dropping very
POULTRY AND EGGS. Potatoes-California northern, per sack, the summer. badly in very many sections, and one
Hens....... ..'........................$ .40 to .45 1.25; California southern. per sack, .90 to ranch owner on the Sacramento river,
Roosters.............................. .30 to .35 1.00; California bad order, .50 to 70; W., Armour, Fla. We should prefer the who last year had 1,000 boxes as the re-
Broilers....................... .... .25 to .30 Louisiana barrel fair to choice 175to east side of the river. sult of the this so fewas
Turkeys............................... i.oo to 1.25 per 386. STRAWBERRIES. G. P. D., crop, year expects
Ducks..................... ........... .20 to .35 2.00; do, per barrel, extra fancy, 2.25 O. You to sell what his trees might bear on a
Geese................................. 50 to .75 to 2.50; do, 1% bushel packs, good, .75: Beverly, may use 1,000 poundsper speculation for the gross sum of $30. In
Eggs: ".................................. .16 :Mobile, per barrel, choice. 2.25 to 2.50. acre of any good standard brand, some sections however, Bartlett pears
Onions-Bermuda, 1 bushel boxes, 1.40 I with 10 to 12 per cent. actual potash. A will do as well as ever, and among the
JACKSONVILLE MARKET NOTES. to 1.50; Louisiana, sacks, 75 to 80 Ibs., greater quantity will be still better. fortunate ones A. T. Hatch, the famous
Oranges and grape fruit now drop out choice, 1.00; do, barrels, good, 2.00 to 387. UNKNOWN PEA. C. S. B., Pa- fruit grower, who has 700 acres under
of our report, since not enough are received 2.25; do, 1 bushel boxes, .75 to .80; do, seed.latka. L. Cameron, Jacksonville, has cultivation in that valley, expects to
to sustain a quotation. The up- silver-skins, per barrel 2.50 to 3.00; Cali- have 45: 000 boxes as fine fruit as was
town stands still display them(old stock), fornia, red, per sack, 1.00 to 1.25. Egg \ 388. POTASH vs. MAGNESIA. F. W. ever produced. This is an exception,
but down town, in the markets and stores Plant-per crate. choice. 3.00 to 3.50; per M., Georgiana. Potash has a quotable however, to the rule.
they have been pretty much shoved out crate, medium, 2.00 to 2.50.PHILADELPHIA. value in the trade lists of fertilizer ma- Referring to grapes, in some sections
of sight. Pines are several' points lower terials; magnesia has none, though it has these have been hurt also, but the
owing to liberal receipts. Most of the June 11. very considerable actual value as a fer- ranches along the American river' that
Indian River fruit comes through Jack- Our market is nearly bare of tomatoes, tilizer. But for Florida soils potash is have in the past produced such fine
sonville. Unless there is more care used and even poor stock while not bringingbig worth twice or three times as much as fruit have, in a great measure, escaped
in packing for long hauls than there is prices is readily placed at full quota- magnesia, pound for pound. In choos- very serious injury, and both Messrs.
in packing these for Jacksonville there tions. Choice stock is very scarce and ing between the two articles you men- Stephens and Humphrey, who have sent
will be losses to report. Some of the with a strong demand is quickly takenat tion, estimate them on the basis of their such fine Tokay grapes to this market,

crates are packed too full, jammed down full prices. Now that the season is potash first-of-all..o-g will have as large a product as ever.
by the covers' -"jammed in,"as the mar- well advanced and shipments from Arizona's Early Fruits. The Santa Clara Valley suffered along
ket men say-which causes rot to set in !Mississippi will be on our market next with other fruit sections,and whether or
where the cover crushes the fruit. The week, we would advise all shipmentsfrom The Fruit Trade Journal gives some not this injury will do the amount of
pine does not seem to be as yielding as Florida to stop unless the stock is dates of the ripening of fruits that may damage it was first feared would be the

the orange. Plenty of large Georgia and choice, which will continue to sell well compete with Florida products. In 1886 case, is a question.Peaches .
Florida melons are coming in: retail 20 during the balance of this month. at Yuma figs were ripe May 16 and grapes in the early i part of the season

to 35; nutmegs 10 to 15. Florida peaches Tomatoes, fancy, ((6 basket) carriers, June 25 6. In 1888 melons were ripe May promised to be an enormous crop, butas
about done; Georgias taking their place; 3.00 to 3.50; do. choice, 2.00 to 2.50: White Adriatic figs and Black Ham- Mr. Goodsell was leaving California,
10 cents a quart. Blueberries, 15 cents; bushel crates, choice to fancy, 2.50 to burg grapes June 2, and Muscatel\ grapes he understood that this fruit, also, the
a few strawberries still coming down the 3.50, as to size and condition. and muskmelons June 7. 1880, Muscat\ night previous had suffered in the Vac-
St. Johns, 15 cts. Davis &Robinson give Egg plants are scarce and wanted and and Black Hamburg grapes May\ 25. 1890, caville district. Since that time he has
the retail vegetable market as follows: when choice sell readily at 10.00 to 12.00 tomatoes were ripe May\ 17, Tokay grapes not learned whether it was confined to
Irish potatoesgood sizein better demand; per barrel crate. June 27. 1891, grapes June 2, melons that section alone. The probabilities are,

also onions. Beans in demand, 1.50 a REDFIELD & SON. June 6. kH however, that there will be plenty of the
crate; 15 cents quart. Corn 30 to 35. various varieties produced in the State.In .
Large fresh cabbage retail 10 to 15 cents. NEW YORK, June 13. Some Things that Come to New any event' green fruit shipmentswill

Gainesville sends in some Boston marrow Peaches, Georgia, Alexandria, per York. probably not exceed the receipts of
squashes, which retail at 3 to 4 cents a case, 2.00 to 4.00; do., Florida, Peento, California sends New York large quan- last year so far as New York is concerned.The .
pound. Common white summer, 10 to per case, 2.00 to 2.50; do. do., Alexander, tities of fruit of all kinds, 600 carloadsor season in California, as elsewhere,
25 cents dozen. Cukes, a drug; 15 cents per case, 2.00 to 3.50; cherries, black, over last year. She began this year was very backward, and only small lots
dozen. Beets in medium demand; retail Virginia, per lb., 10 to 16c; do., small with cherries, which arrived here the of cherries are now coming forward.N. .-
10 cents for a bunch of 4. Sweet pota- white, Virginia, per lb., 5 to 10; plums, first week in May\ and she usually windsup Y. Daily Commercial.

toes, 40 cents peck. Good tomatoes, Georgia, wild goose, per case, 2.00 to 3.50. with pears in late autumn, if we ex- -....--
scarce; 10 to 15 cents a quart; wholesale, Pineapples are firm with the stock cept oranges, which come in late winter
1.50 a crate. limited, particularly of choice 'goods; and early spring. Evolution has undoubtedly given us

the demand keeps up well; choice Ha- Great quantities of grapes come from the luscious peach from a wild, hard-

ST. Louis, June 13. vana bring 8.00 to 13.00, and seconds 3.00 Italy and Spain in summer and autumn, shelled, poisonous nut of the almond

Peaches, fair offerings with demand to 6.00, while Florida range from 5.50 while England sent hothouse grapes the type, from which ancient Persian war-
to 7.00. winter which sold here for to
limited. Considerable freight receipts on past $3
riors derived substance with which to
the market, nearly all of which were in Potatoes, Florida, new, per bbl., 2.50 $$$4 per pound, wholesale. a
an unmerchantable condition. Fresh receipts to 3.50; do., Savannah, new, prime, per Cuba and the other West Indian Islands poison their arrows. The orange had its

by express sold; fairly well at 25 to bbl., 2.50 to 3.50: do., Bermuda, new, send immense quantities of bananas, earlier beginnings in a toughskinnedpod

,,40c. for pecks and 40 to 60c.: per % bu. prime, do., 4.00 to 5.00; do. do., new, fair pineapples, limes, etc. Oranges, lemons filled with seed. One can easily
boxes, according to condition. Watermelons to: good, do., 2.50 to 3.50; onions, New and some other fruits como from Spain this fact of
by some the sam
offerings not large, but about Orleans, per bbl., 2.00 to 2.25; do., Bern and Italythough none equal the Floridas. recognize
equal to demand. Choice large, ripesalable da, per crate, 1.20 to 2.25; ; do., Egyptian Pineapples have come earlier than usual pIes now on the San Francisco market

at 25.00 per 100. Cantaloupes, : per 112 lb. sack, 2.25, squash, Florida this season and have been exceedingly clearly cases of aurantian atavi im.
some few consignments on the market white, per crate, 25 to 50; do. do., cheap. The banana is always with us; -California Fruit Grower.CURE .
which were held at 2.00 per dozen but yellow, do., 25 to 50; tomatoes, Florida, not a day in the year but it can be pur-
were selling very slow. Tomatoes-all choice, per bushel crate, 1.50 to 2.50; do. chased in abundance at low prices.
the arrivals this morning were from do., fancy, per carrier, 1.75 to 2.75; do. This spring a shipment of pineapplesraised
Florida and Mississippi. Condition was do., medium to good, per carrier, 1.00 to in London hothouses was received .1 FITS !

better being riper, better size, less 1.50; tame squabs, white, per dozen,3.00; here. They were of immense size and
'When I.*/cure I do not m *a merel to stop \htrn
wormy and in every way more attractive. do., dark, per dozen, 2.00: live pigeons, retailed for about $3 each. for a time and then hT them return..&In. !awn a
For this class of stock there was a per pair, 40 to 50.Many. .. .. Watermelons in April are a novelty' radical cure. I bate made the 4......of FITS, XF1
good demand at 1.00 to 2.25 per bushel but we received them this year from LEPSY or FALLING SICKNESS Iif-Ionc I tad/ I
Persons are broken Brazil. in flavor to warrant tnj rimed/ to .ora the wont CUM. BcaM
crate for Florida and 1.00 to 2.00,4 bas- They are not equal
overwork hoosz old cares.Drown's others have f&i1e4 U co ration for not cow nevirinc a
down from or
ket, Kbu. crate for Mississippi. Potatoes our Jerseymelons] ,nor even to those. from an.. Bend at one for a tr atiM and a TrM BottU it
: The arrivals of new potatoes are Iron Bitters Rebuilds the cur own beloved Georgia of watermelon infa&ibWmow/: .!/. Gin Kxpna and Poet Oft. ..
aids removes! excess of bilk
increasing and the price is steadily com- system and cures, ry>ftk"1 digestion


Corey and Stowall's Evergreen. Sev- show the outlook in the United Kingdom -

Our Y oun gollcs. ptate J'ews.! eral other varieties show no signs of and on the continent to be greatly -

. ...... -- -.......- -........ worms. We rid the patches of him improved. In short, the depres-

Ostrich Hunting on tho Pampas.The The continuation of Mr. Flagler's by emptying handfuls of soil into the sion that has prevailed for the last six

killing of ostriches for their feathers railroad from Daytona has been sur- top of every stalk and silk that showed or eight months, is fast' giving awayto

was carried on systematically, as a veyed and work begun, and it is to be signs of his presence, and the result renewed activity, and there is a

source of revenue to the estancia. As completed before the tourist season was we had roasting ears on May 7th. more buoyant feeling all around

soon as a flock of ostriches was sighted opens. The same remedy can be applied to among phosphate miners and ownersof

from the house the hunter would start field corn with good results.FloridIan. phosphate property.Bartow
Last Tuesday Messrs. Wood &
off on horseback and get as near as ho Courier.
thought it was safe to go without fright- Smith, of Attapulgus, Ga., shipped a
ening them. lIe would then dismount, fine lot of graded cows to Orlando. In Up the Caloosa river near Fort The pineapple industry is as yet in

ajid walk along the side of his horse, the lot were some very nice animals. Denaud (De no) twenty years ago, its earliest infancy. We were told by

which was trained to the work. The -Quincy Herald.Notwithstanding. was a low swamp and no appearanceof Captain Dimick, a few days ago, that
horse would walk slowly toward the ostriches but there is well hundred would be
a current, now a over one acres set
at the the drouth, twelve
occasionally taking a nip
defined called Denaud creek in in the Lake Worth
The hunter rode these creek, out pineapples
grass. always on carloads of vegetables passed through
occasions bare-back, and with a very Gainesville one day lately on one railroad with banks well marked and dry, and region alone, during the present sum-

light rawhide bridle, and carried his am- and the what is also remarkable, the creek mer. The shipments last year aggre-
pines are coming
munition tied around his waist. When ; up heads five miles further up than it did gated about 10,000 crates; this year it
Indian River at the rate of hun
within gunshot he would fire and'if successful many
five The two who is estimated that they will exceed
i years ago. men
in killing a bird he would have dreds of barrel crates per day.
little difficulty in getting several more The Belleview went to aid the railroad men in their I 20,000. In 1893 there will be a crop

before they ran away. As soon as one Mining Company explorations report fine, high, good : of 50,000, and in 1894 a conservative
ostrich falls the others crowd around itfc will combine dried blood and potash hammock land as they went from Big 'estimate places the crop at 100,000

and perform a sort of war dance, going with their soft phosphate, which has Cypress to Biscayne Bay.-Ft. Myers barrel crates. It will appear by a little .
the most laughable.gyrations, wide in this State
through gained a popularity Press. figuring that It will be impossiblefor
and stupidly allowing themselves to be
and will manufacture a complete fer
shot down one by one, and not until] Captain Vason is a particular friendof the steamers now on Indian Riverto
tilizer which will offer low
only three or four are left, do they seem they at a what is known as the Artic grass. transport the crop in 1894. The
realize their and takesa'fetyinflight. figuie. This will be probably the first
danger, pineapple shipping season only cov-
He claims for it that it is the coming
As soon as these run, the hunter factory in the State to make regularuse
ers a period of Irom six weeks to two
fall and winter His wile
would collect the feathers from the of Florida phosphate in its goods. pasture.
wings and tails of those he had brought showed us at least two bushels of the months, while the shipment of oran-

down, taking care however, first to kill We are informed that Casabianca, seed (he was down in the oat field) ges will run six months, or from No-

any wounded birds and keeping well out the famous and once palatial countryseat gathered recently from a quarter of an vember i to May i. A railroad to

of the way of their feet while doing so, near Monticello, has recently Taking into consideration the Eden and Lake Worth to move the
for their kick is lIe
very dangerous. hands.Ve its
would probably cut off a few wing joints, changed hope new fact that a lot of calves used it to a pineapple crop will be a pressing necessity -

and cut out a few gizzards before leaving master will restore it to its former considerable extent, it certainly is a in less than three years.-Ti-

the carcasses to the vultures.. Theseare beauty. There is no more charmingspot I: wonderful yield. Our intelligent tusville Advocate.

the only edible parts of the ostrich. in all this region than that, andit .
farmers will experimentinguntil
keep on
The flesh of their legs is full of parasitical would easily become more widely $100 Reward. $100.
worms. a grass is found that will fill the
noted than ever.-l\lonticello Consti- The readers of THE FARMER AND
The Gauchos also hunt the ostrich on bill precisely.-Floridian. i
fleet horses, using their boleadores, or tution.A FRUIT GROWER will be pleased to

bolas to stop their flight. The bolas is wild turkey flew against the res- The Tyson grove at Earleton, with learn that there is at least one dreaded
made with three stones covered with its sixty acres in fruits, its elegant new
idence of J. Z. Solomon, at Sneads, disease that science has been able to
rawhide, lizard skin each attached to residence its Lake
or $3,500 frontage on
last Sunday, and killed itself. It is cure in all its stages, and that is ca
a thong about three feet long, and all its
joined together at a common center. hard to tell where to place the joke, Santa Fe, and occupants, young tarrh. Hall's Catarrh Cure is the

One of the stones is smaller than the as Mr. Solomon is proprietor of "ye Mr. and Mrs. A. D. Tyson, presentsan only positive cure now known to the

Others, and is called the manico, and is Sneads Hotelery," whether it be on attractive appearance, and invites medical fraternity. Catarrh being a
the one held in the hand. The hunter the discouraged and the doubter to
the boarders, the proprietor, or the constitutional disease, requires a con
starts after the ostrich on a dead run, come and see what has been and can
turkey. Sufficient to say .the boarders stitutional treatment. Hall's Catarrh
swinging the bolas around his head; as cold
soon as near enough he will throw it enjoyed a "turkey dinner."-Ma- be accomplished despite spells, Cure is taken internally, acting directly .

with wonderful accuracy on to the back rianna Times. long drouths, low prices, high freightsand upon the blood and mucous
of the bird. The bolas will itself dishonest commission men. Many
wrap ; surfaces of the destroying '
The Eustis Associa- system, thereby -
around the neck and of the ostrich Improvement
legs seedling trees are loaded with oranges.
foundation of disease
the the
tion has had the week ,
and so hamper its movements that it planted past Peaches from this place sold Waldo
falls an easy prey to its pursuer. 300 Eucalyptus trees in various partsof and giving the patient strength by
five Sun.
They become very tame in captivity, the city. This good work has tobe at cents apiece.-Gainesville building up the constitution and as-

but are a perfect nuisance about a place, paid for and to raise" the money Mr. J. H. Tatum, who returned sisting nature in doing its wprk. The
as you cannot keep them out of the from business to Baltimore proprietors have so much faith in its
buildings, and they will gobble up any- the Association will give a supper in a trip ,
thing they can swallow. One of them the Badger Block, Saturday evening, Charleston and other points, a few curative power, that they offer One

cleaned out a workbasket one day, swallowing June I I. You want to go, as does days since, reports phosphate and Hundred Dollars for any case that it

spools of cotton, emery bag and every man, woman and child in Eus- phosphate land as on the rise, and the fails to cure. Send for list of testi-

thimble, ending his repast by; eating: upa tis.-Lake Region.The general outlook as very encouraging. monials. Address,
bowl of had the tablt
marrow we on
Reports from the European markets F. J. CHENEY & CO Toledo, O.
to use in lieu of butter. They will stalk steamer St. Sebastian arrived -
around the grounds in the most sedate here this morning with 938 confirm Mr. Tatum's reports, and Sold by Druggists, 75C.

manner, then suddenly commence dancing -
crates of pines. The St. Augustine
in the most comical way, tumblingall
over themselves and running around brought up about 600 crates last night.

like mad. They will stop this foolishnessas The boats of this line are certainly PAR E S S (COXSVXPT10N OF TEE BRAIN 1

suddenly as they commenced it and moving the crop in good order. The _

walk oil as demurely as if they were St. Sebastian taken off from her Purtrs' discovery,
was can certainly bo cured by ouly oua .i1iu.; ua itly: TEOF. great
going to a funeral.I .
spoke of the danger of their kick, Melbourne route and placed on the

and will tell of an instance that came run to Eden to specially aid in hand- PAINE'S CELERY COLYIPOUNDI

under my own observation where a man ling the pineapple crop.

was killed by one. We had been working Canaveral and the Banana River Saved From t1O Insano Asylum. Dror &>*:-! feel itmy duty to tell you
hard for several hours to corral a what Pained Celery Compound did for me. I cant ralse it enough. About a year ago my
point of about two hundred very wild section is still booming, and every dayor head troubled me sj that It seemed as though I should be crazy. It was caused by over- "
cattle, which were determined to stampede two some new homesteader is an- study. I asked the advice of two doctors. w ho&gave me medicines to no effect,and I did not
what I woul I dx I did not want to see anyone everything seemed so strange. I
for their grazing: ground about fifty nounced, and the thousands of acres know
and I felt badly. I read your advertisement
had u tired languid/ feeling, my kidneys troubled me
miles of We
north them
us. finally got of wild land which have for so many in a paper and thought would try the comoound. Before 1 had taken ha11'oC one
well on the run for the corral and after and I would recommcud It to all
Lotties cured
laid idle and within the of bottle 1 felt like a new person. Four me
they were in one of the men dismountedto years grasp that feel the way I did. Yours truly MBS. J. E. WILCOX Rural P.0.,Wis.
put up the bar at the entrance. Justas any citizen will soon be appropriated,
he put it up four or five ostriches that to the last square foot. It is said that Physicians Prescribe It. I)ear 5>,:-I am much pleased with the action ofFaine's
down from
had been driven in with the cattle madea Celery Compound in those cases where the nervous system Kai
homesteads have been enteredin
thirty where the patient had
over-work of mind or body. I have seen particularly R-XX! results
rush to ,get: out. One of them struck that vicinity since the loth of Feb- lost all ambition;no appetite,constipated,could not bleep nights; etc Three or four cases
the bar which threw him on his back, of weak,emaciated, hysterical females have been cured with the Compound. I have observed -
and the Gaucho with great foolhardiness uary.-Titus ville! Star. that it quiet excitable ucrve*,gives patients better rest Increases appetite,regulates

attempted to capture it. lIe received a Last year we were sorely troubled! oo\vcbnnd Is a good remedy to build up broken-down cases generally. Yours truly,
R. C. EactETW, II. D., Altona, IlL
fearful kick in the stomach, which cut with this he is
deep into his flesh, and from the effectsof corn-ear worms; year It Is sold by all reliable druggists. WELLS, EICUAEPgoy: &CO., Props.,Burllcgton.Vt. :
he died. on hand, and was at work in great
in three Forest
which, days, '
and Stream. shape in the tassels and silks of our Beware of worthless imitations of DIAMOND DYF'S.

Ji .



Our work, accompanied,by good treatment bottom of the vessel; then take it off, and let them come to the boil-but not
Rural ore. (which does not mean familiarity) and put it into plates or have small wooden boil-turning them often. Then lift
sufficient wages, most servants will boxes lined with buttered paper; emp-- these pickles out, pack in glass jars withan
occasional of red
Help Your Mother.For remain in homes.If the sprinkle pepper,
good I ty paste to cool, and keep in these whole cloves, black pepper and horse
Our Rural Home. you do not believe in my theory until it is used.-Tropical Sun. radish. Put one-half pint of brown sugarto
See to it, my little daughters, that sister housekeeper, lighten your workin >-.-. half gallon of the vinegar in the other
every act of obedience is spiced, at any way that seems best, but at least Save the Soap Suds.For kettle and when boiling hot pour over
least to a perceptible degree, with do help to break the record that the Our Rural Home. pickles in jars and seal. The alum vin-
can be used as long as it lasts.
pleasure. What is so precious in the destination of many of your kind is I At a moderate estimate, in my cal- egar
GINGER S Ars.-One of molasses,
eyes of parents; what could so sweeten the lunatic asylum.-Country Gentleman. culation, there is a waste, on an average one teacup of sugar, one teacup of
the mother's life and rive her aff c. of ten dollars to each family in lard, butter or suet ; boil all to-
tions so securely to her daughters, as soap and water at the family wash gether. When cold, add one tablespoonful -
to see in the everyday conduct of Practical Sayings.If board, in the suds of the wash house of soda, one tablespoonful eachof
her dearest ones on earth, that theyare the oven should be too hot at any and elsewhere. The aggregate wouldbe cinnamon, ginger, cloves and pepper
; flour to roll and bake. These willkeep
not only taking pleasure in obey time, place a pan filled with water in many thousands of dollars annu- good for months if kept dry.

ing but striving to enhance the mo- it,_and the heat will be lessened._ ally in our State. A_very handy and WATERMELON IRESERV'ES.-Peel and
ther's happiness at every opportunity I lo test the freshness of eggs, drop cheap device, answering every end, is cut the rind in squares ; soak overnight
cheerfully taking from her shoul them in a dish of water, and if the to place an empty lard can a little below in weak lime water; rinse well
ders all possible burdens, and, with a small end comes to the top they are the board, where the basin sits.: with cold water and let drain half an
hour. Boil minutes in weak
smile and word of cheer fresh. Into this all the
a helpingto turn water, and emp-- alum water covered with grape leaves.
sweeten the bitter ills of life through To make pies or biscuit a nice color, ty it at intervals on shrubbery, flow- Lift out and let stand not less than three
which all, worthy the name mother, moisten the top of them with a little ers and fruit trees near. Add the hours in cold water. Boil in syrup madeof
are daily called to pass? Nothing on sweet milk just before they are put wash water, too; it's better than to two-thirds pound of sugar to one
earth could so readily and effectually into the oven. waste it. Try it; there's pay in it. rind.pound of rind. Flavor with lemon and

endear a little girl to me, and no For iron rust, lay in kerosene oil S.V.. CARSON.
To CAN CORN. Dissolve
doubt all and let it remain covered for .. one ounce
good people would as some ---- ----
say and a quarter of tartaric acid in half
much, as to see that she was sparingno time. The oil will loosen the rust so Speaking of capsicum as a counter pint of water; cut the corn from
pains to alleviate her mother's that it will come off. irritant, Dr. Henry J. Buck, writingto the cob and add sufficient water to
pains and anxieties by helping cheerfully A tablespoonful of powdered borax the Lancet, says : "I have used cook it in; when cooked add two ta-

to bear the unavoidable cjpmes dissolved in the bath will prove very this drug for more than twenty yearsI blespoonfuls quart of of the corn.acid Fill solution the cans to
tic burdens incident to the family re invigorating, as well as soften the wa- may almost say daily-and many of full, seal securely and keep in a cool,
lationship. How often, in the course ter so that it will feel like velvet. : my patients will not travel without a dry dark place. When wanted for use,
of the day, girls, do these queriescome To take oil out of carpets or wool bottle of the 'magic lotion,' as they stir half a teaspoonful of soda and a tea-
into your minds : What cm I ens, put on buckwheat flour, and call it. I find the simplest and most spoonful: of sugar_in two quarts of corns
nd let it stand three four hours before
do, now, to win my motner's smiles ? brush it off very carefully into a dust efficacious way of applying it is to cooking. This will or remove all acid-
Can I do anything to rest her weary pan. Keep on applying until all of I soak a large handful of the crushed taste, and the corn will be as fresh as
feet ? Can I carry on any depart- the grease has been absorbed.Cut I pods in half a pint of hot water for an Mien cooked in summer. JI.
ment of her business for an hour that glass should be first thoroughly hour, then strain and bottle for use. .

she may have a little time to rest, to washed and dried, then rubbed with A teaspoonful of eau-de-cologne added It is stated that the productions of

read for us a pleasant story; to play a prepared chalk, using a soft brush, will help to keep the solution, or it plants and flowers in the State is esti-
favorite piece or two of invigorating and being careful not to neglect any can be well boiled after preparing. mated by sales amounting to $zoooc,
music; to visit the couch of a sufferer; of the crevices. This will give it a I then have it applied to the affected with a total cut flower sale of $6,000.St. .

to make a pleasant call on a friend ? polish.-Good Housekeeping. parts on a piece of linen: folded three Francis Facts.

Girls, how many do you know among: *-.-. or four times, or on lint, and covered Jim Baird, the Cincinnati fruit man
your acquaintances, of this kind ? Renovating Black Lace. with gutta percha tissue or a dry that bought such quantities of orangesin
Happy are the mothers in any vicin- Black laces sometimes require reno- flannel. In this way the lotion may the vicinity of DeLand the past two

ity who can boast even of one such to vating, and this, while a very important be kept on for hours without vesicat seasons, sent down to Mr. George
each family. S.V.. CARSON. task, is not understood by many. ing, and in many cases the skin is i Hulst, who owns the large grove southof
--.-. Washing in the usual manner is out of hardly reddened. The stinging and town, a check for $1,000 for 200
Women Who Overwork. the question with these, and some burning sensation produced by the boxes of the Hart's Late oranges delivered -
It always irritates me to observe other process must be adopted. One capsicum lotion is, alter a few minutes, at the railroad depot. This is

"penny-wise and pound foolish" wo which answers very well is to take a welcomed by the sufferer, so magic. a net profit of $900 on the tree to Mr.
men. They are far more numerous teaspoonful each ot ammonia and turpentine ally does it often remove the rheu- Hulst. This is the orange to get
than men of the same genus. It is and add them to a cupful of matic or neuralgic pain for which it is money out of, provided the fruit is
rare to find a farmer who undertakesto hot water, a little more or less strengthis being applied. In any form of neu- not frozen through the winter, which
do with his one pair of hands the immaterial With a piece of black ralgia, rheumatism, subacute gout, has occurred only once since we have

work of two men, to say nothing of cotton or black silk sponge off the leurodynia, and such like, it will resided in the State-seventeen years.
attempting that of five or six ; but an lace, and press it between folds of I I be found most useful, and may be reapplied I The Hart's Late does not ripen before

ambitious woman will, it seems to me, some dark cotton or silk. The freshening over and over again duringthe : April or May, and are always of fine
regularly plan to do work enough to thus accomplished is quite grat-- day and night without fear of size, color and flavor.-DeLand Rec-

end her life prematurely.It ifying, and the task is by no means a vesication._" ord.
is the duty of every mother to difficult or unpleasant one. It shouldbe -Recipes.For -- .

save her strength that she may be not borne in mind that no sponge or Our Rural Homo. V: uv.lrvJa VO : OOCO QQOCOOQQ .
merely a drudge, but a companion for light colored cloths are to be used in UNFERMENTED GRAPE WINE.-Take a .\:.J) $
her children. It is worse than un applying the medicament, otherwisethe quantity of grapes and cook till tender. .> Fraud HUYEKS FruitTrappers.\\' .
wise-it is positively wicked for her to whole may be irreparably injured. Strain through a coarse cloth, then :> OF (0)
exhaust her energies in doing drudgery -Good Housekeeping. through a flannel one. Boil as you i 8
_. would for jelly adding two pounds of
which a raw Irish girl can do more t -t
Mexican Guava Paste. sugar to one gallon of juice. Skim well. .3p Consumers of Fru.'t Wrappers mayQ
effectually.If bottle and seal while hot, and keep in a now know that they get an honest 0)
I could have my way, no farmer's Peel the guavas and put them on dark cool place. This has been a recipe (" ream of 480& sheets and not 400 orb C)
wife would be without a servant. the fire in cold water to cook; when for wine used for communion services a > sheets to ream as some unscrupulous 8

Notwithstanding the opinion of manyto they are done pass through a potato or great BEEF many ROLL.years.-One and a half pounds 3', dealers supply. C
1 believe that American fruit masher, then weigh the fruit, put *
the -
contrary lean steak ('hopped'ery fine, one cup 3 OUR "FAIR AND SQUARE"Wrappers 8
women are not strong enough to the same weight of sugar in a little water rolled crackers softened with milk, one
do the drudgery of farm houses. My on the fire, beat up the white of an egg, salt and pepper to taste. Tablespoonful are put up In packages of
1000 each, and each Wrapper Is
) num- p
statement can be proved by citing the egg and put it into the syrup; let it butter, mix thoroughly with
bored In printing consecutively from
loss of color, the loss of teeth, the loss boil well, take off all! the froth until it cover the hands with into water a loaf and, put bake in a slow bread about pan 1 to 1000. No one can 8()

of hair, and in some rases even the stops coming up, then strain the syrup, two houi Slice when cold.
loss of reason, which in a few years put it on the fire again, and let it boil CUCUMBER PICKLES.Take small cucumbers j HONESTLY BEAT
have transformed many a farmer's until it is so thick that it will drop very I wash well with a brush or a ::) our prices. Send for samples and 10
rosy cheeked bride almost beyond re slowly from the spoon, then mix in the cloth in cold water. Then soak in strong J prices to
cognition. strained (fruit and beat it well, and let cold salt water over night. Then have 3 The Jersey City Printing Co.
two kettles-I use porcelain-of ar ,
I know that servants are difficult to it boil fast, stirring constantly until the heated. In one have half teaspoonful
get, and still more difficult to keep, spoon stands up alone in the middleor powdered alum. Place as many pick'es JERSEY CITY, N. J.
but with regular, systematic hours for until, as you stir, you can see the as this vinegar will cover in this kettle COOOOO coc cct: eO OOO OJi



/ Cypress, and Lake Cypress by another I cure the drainage is the construction bank of the Okeechobee will com-
Our aturaI eaIth. drainage canal with Lake Kissimmee. of canals. This is easily done by pletely protect this portion of the land

-....- Lying east of East Lake Tohopekaligais I dredge boats, inasmuch as the muckis from any overflow from this lake.

The Muck Lands of the Florida Pe found another series of lakes, viz : easily moved and a good dredge The drainage through the system of

ninsula-No. I. Lake Preston, the most northern one, boat is able to cut 300 feet of muck a canals established to the head watersof

The establishment by this Department Lake Alligator, central, and Lake day, 8 feet deep and 50 feet wide. the Caloosahatchee will be sufficientto

of an Experimental Station at Gentry, the most southern of the When, however, we come to the vast carry off the natural rainfall of this

Runnymede, Fla., for investigatingthe three. These lakes are soon to be deposits of muck on the Okeechobee, body of land. About 50,000 acres of

growth of sugar cane in reclaimed connected by drainage canals, and the problem is quite a different one. land are included already in the canals

swamp muck has rendered some account the last one, Lake Gentry, is to be Two methods of procedure have been which are under construction, and a

of that kind of soil important.The opened into Lake Cypress. About proposed. One of these contemplates very little additional expense would

possibilities of bringing into sixty sections of land, or, in all, about nothing else than the drainage of Lake increase this to 100,000.

successful cultivation the swamp landsof 40,000 acres of rich muck land will Okeechobee itself. This body of Col. J. M. Kreamer, at my request,

Florida have occupied the minds of be recovered as soon as these canalsare water is a peculiar one. It receives has made an approximate estimate of

capitalists for several years. It has finished. through its principal tributaries and the total

now been about ten years since Mr. KISSIMMEE RIVER. the Kissimmee river most of the drain AMOUNT OF MUCK LANDS

Hamilton Disston, of Philadelphia, Passing from Lake Kissimmee into age of the central! peninsula of Flor- indicated in the scheme already given.He .

formed the plan of reclaiming the ida. It has, however, no outlet estimates the
the Kissimmee River, we find a amount at 1,000,000acres.
swamp lands of Florida for agricultural except the overflow through the Ever .
stream bordered on both sides by rich He says :
by drainage canals. glades into the Gulf and westerly
purposes deposits of muck passing graduallyinto "These lands are found in bodiesof
These lands are found in detached through the marshes into the headwaters .
the sand and pine lands back of geater or less extent throughout
localities over the whole State, but the of the Caloosahatchee. The Kissimmee the northern limit
them. The river is extremely tortu- valley,
of them which demand our at building of a canal to the Atlantic
parts in the of Lake Hart.A .
ous, and while the distance from Lake being vicinity
tention at the present time are found ocean, which would remove the sur- of Lake
of the
Kissimmee to Lake Okeechobee is map region west
extending from near the central plus water of the Okeechobee and
por- in detail the
Okeechobee shows
only about 60 miles in a direct line, a ex-
tionof the peninsula in a southerly permanently lower its level, would be
boat, following the course of the river, tent and depth of saw grass or muck
direction to Lake Okeechobee, and an undertaking of considerable mag soil and the with which it
over nearly miles in orderto ease can
thence into the Everglades to the passes reach the lake. ISO nitude. The nearest distance is about be reclaimed and cultivated by laborsaving -

Gulf. It is on these lands that the 40 miles directly eastward from the discussedby
No have been made far appliances was fully
attempts so
experiments of reclamation have been central eastern part of the lake.
to reclaim the muck lands borderingthe us during your recent trip throughthe
made, and several thousand acres of The whole of this distance, however, Okeechobee This
Kissimmee River canals andit country. tractis
lands have been freed by would be sand which of
already through
swamp ,
is not possible to accomplish this by now (July 22, 1891)) virtually dry,
of and made cultiva- is much difficult
water ready course, more to move
natural drainage. The level of the due to the low stage of water in the
tion. Of these lands at the account of its
present on greater compactnessand
Kissimmee River at low water Okeechobee and vicinity. The sur-
even ,
time, about 2,000 acres are planted in greater weight than the muck soil is inches
is almost the same as that of the muck face of the at least 30
cane, from to 6,000 acres itself. It is therefore probable that it
sugar 5,000
above the level.
lands it and the water Reports
bordering during
in rice, and quite a large area in gar- rainy season, lasting from June till would be more economical to cut the Okeechobee show that the muck lands
canal in direction from the .
a southerly
dens.Vast October, the river becomes a veritable south of the lake are all at present
tracts of reclaimed land, however centre of the southern border of the inchesto
above the level from 18
lake. There would therefore be water
- still in the wild the lake the muck into
are state, directly through canal
possibility pf natural drainage for these 2 feet. We are cutting a to
water simply having been taken off the Everglades. A careful computation -
lands, but by the construction of the southwest from a point on the
them, but no attempts having been of the amount of drainage receivedby of Ritta
levees along the river and the intro- shore Lake Okeechobee near
made to fit them for cultivation.THE Lake Okeechobee would show that River."
duction of thousands of
pumps, many
for the of drainage
could be recovered. Artificial
during the rainy season, the canal
The muck lands, which form the drainage is no longer an experiment, the
would have to be feet wide and By single canal connectingLake
subject of the present paper, beginnear but in many parts of the country it is 12 feet deep. Such 300 a canal would Okeechobee with Lake Hicpo-
the head waters of the St. Johns, with entire The
practiced success.
permanently lower the water 6 feet in chee and thence to the Caloosa-

about twenty miles southeast of the plantations on the Mississippi River the lake and would make ready for hatchee, the level of the water in the
town of Orlando. These lands form below New Orleans all
are nearly has been
pro- cultivation the vast body of muck Okeechobee permanently
the borders of the lakes and rivers, vided with artificial
drainage systems,
lands already described.THE lowered from a foot to 18 inches. If
but the chief deposits are about the inasmuch as the natural drainage in one small canal, through the imperfect -

lakes. The configuration of the in- that locality is entirely insufficient to SECOND METHOD drainage system of the Caloosa

ternal lakes of Florida is of the sim- free the lands from water. The great proposed is one which is now actuallyin hatchee River, can secure this result,

plest nature. About the edges of fertility of the Florida muck soils operation, viz : the drainage of a we can easily imagine the success

the lakes the waves have thrown UP a would render such a system of drain portion of the muck lands of the Okee which would attend the construction of

ridge of sand and muck, and this age profitable as soon as the country chobee. The system which is pro- the large canal mentioned above.

ridge is usually covered with cypress is opened up to the markets of the posed, and which is now largely com The total elevation of the highest

trees. Back of these come the swamp North. pleted, looks to the recovery of only a point of this muck land system, viz :

lands proper, which, during the greater Passing from the Kissimmee river portion of the land on the southwestern Lake Hart, above the tide level is

part of the year, before the system of through border of the lake. Lake Hicpo. about 72 feet. Lake Okeechobeeitself

drainage was established, were under LAKE OKEECHOBEE, chee is a small body of water, which, is. 20 feet above the tide. It is

0 water. These swamp lands vary in the of muck at its nearest point, is distant only thus seen that there is abundant
we come to largest body
width from a few feet to about 6 miles from Lake Okeechobee.A .
very many lands in the world. The northern natural fall to carry off the whole of
miles, and are bordered in turn by the canal has been constructed from the canal of sufficient -
shores of Lake Okeechobee are fringed water provided a
sand and pine lands. Lake Okeechobee to Lake Hicpochee.A size be constructed.THE .
with little muck but can
The first of these lakes in geographical a very as you longer canal, about 18 miles, has
the southern border
order is known as Lake Hart.A approach also been built almost directly east ORIGIN OF THE MUCK SOIL
muck become and wide
canal has been cut from this lake to deposits deep from Lake Hicpochee to connect with is, of course, vegetable matter. Thereare

the head waters of the St. Johns, anda until finally they merge into those vast Lake Okeechobee at another point. no data for estimating the lengthof
of muck which form the
large area of rich vegetable mold. deposits Westerly from Lake Hicpochee a time required for the formation of
northern border of the .
has been recovered.; All other sys Everglades.The canal has already been built to Lake these muck deposits. It is known thatit
southward of this
terns of drainage in the lands to which exact extent Bonne and Lake Flirt connecting them must have been of great duration.For .
of muck known but it
reference is made are drained toward body is not with the head waters of the Caloosa this reason it is not probable that

the south, Lake Hart marking the has been accurately surveyed for a hatchee. the flora which is found over the muck
of about miles and
distance foundto
watershed between the head waters of 50 The next step in this scheme for the region at the present time would represent
be of excellent character
the St. Johns and the head waters of throughout reclamation of this body of land con accurately the character of the
the whole of this distance.As .
55 the Kissimmee. Only a few miles sists in the erection of a levee alongthe vegetation in prehistoric times. I
has been said before
south of Lake Hart is found East borders of the lake. This levee is have had samples collected of the

Lake Tohopekaliga. This lake has THE PROBLEM OF DRAINAGEfor to extend to the pine lands at two principal vegetable growths which

been drained by a canal into Lake the muck lands for the central points, one about 15 miles north of cover the muck lands of the present

Tohopekaliga, on the shores of whichis portion of the peninsula, beginningwith Lake Hicpochee and another at some time. The whole of the Okeechobeemuck

found the town of Kissimmee. Lake Hart and continuing to point south of it, at such convenient "lands is covered almost exclusively -

Lake Tohopekaliga has also been con- Lake Cypress, is an exceedingly sim- distance as may be found necessaryfor by saw grass. This is a cyper-

nected by a drainage canal with Lake ple one. All that is necessary to see the work. The levee along the aceous plant of the genus Cladium ;



its botanical name is Cladium Mariscus Extracts from Report of U. S. Pom- genus. The fruit is also eaten fresh that the names "grape fruit" and

or C. effusum. During the winter and ologist. with sugar and cream, or preservedand "shaddock" are applied to the pomelo,

early spring months this dense growthof THE GUAVA. canned as are other fruits.P. as they are neither appropriate nor

grass often becomes dry enough to Among the tropical fruits this is one Catthyanum ("strawberry guava. absolutely correct.BROWN'S .

burn, and large areas are often burned of the most common and popular even .")-This is a native of Brazil, anda .

over. Other plants which are, at among the most careless and ignorant. I much more hardy species than the IRON BITTERS

present, contributing to the growth of Some call it the peach of Florida. I:i former, as it will endure a slight frost Cures Dyspepsia, In-

muck, are as follows : There are about fifty botanical species, without serious injury. It takes the

Common name. Botanical name. and all, perhaps with one exception, form of a bush from three to six feet digestion&Debility.Detasseling. .

Yellow pond lily. Nymphea flava. are native of the tropical regions of; high, and is a most profuse bearer. i < Oorn.
:Maiden cane Panicum Curtisii. the.American continent and :
are not The leaves are much smaller
very A recent number of that most estimable -
Alligator Pontederia cordata
wampee. found in other of the world
any part than those of the former-named
spe- The Youth's'
var. paper, Companion -
Sedge . . . .Cyperus sp. except where introduced by man. cies, and of a different shape. Theyare contains an ingenious story abouta
Fern brake..Osmunda sp. None are found wild within the United also quite different in texture, be corn growing competition which will

Mallow..Malva sp. States except as chance seedlings ing thick and glossy. The fruit is
be very apt to do harm. The hero of
Broom sedge..Andropogon sp. which have from cultivation.
Arrow weed. .. ..Sagittaria.In escaped small, rarely exceeding one and a the story wins the prize for the best
Seeds are abundant in all species and quarter inches in diameter, and pyri- crop of corn by following the adviceof

regard to the germinate very freely. They are form, with the apex at the blossom a Cornell College friend, who tells

DEPTH OF THE SOIL, about the size and shape of those of end. In color it is a rather dull red, him to remove the tassels from every
the tomato, and the internal structureof with numerous brown dots on the
second of The
it varies from the merest covering at the fruit resembles that vegetable. row corn. argumentis
: slightly roughened not glossy sur-
the the sand from of course, that the corn crop pro
edges near to fifteento The flavor is quite peculiar and pro-I face. The flavor is pleasant though
duces superfluous amount of pollen
sixteen feet in its deepest portions.The nounced, and at first not always liked. I decidedly acid, somewhat resemblingthe
and that the plants waste strength in
greater: part of the muck lands, To the taste the fruit is a pleasantacid strawberry, and free from the
this which if turned to ear making
as before indicated, will vary from The in the way
crop usually ripens strong odor of P. guava. There is
would give enhanced results. De-
three to six feet in depth, while along late varieties
although some
summer little variation in the fruit of its seed-
the Okeechobee the average depth is bear fruit during the entire year. All tasseling stops superfluous pollen pro-
much The soil varies in color lings.P. duction and conserves vigor, hence
greater. kinds are said to grow from cuttings.The luddum ("Mexican guava. ")-
the is So the
from almost black black brown. crop larger. says storyat
jet to three named
following species This species, in Florida improperlycalled
least and so a few experimentsmade

The subsoil lying under the. muckin have been quite well established in "yellow cattley guava," has say
at some of the stations to decide
the upper region around Kissimmeeis Florida, and to some extent in Cali- been less cultivated than the others,
this If much mis-
point. we are not
sand. The Okeechobee muck
pure fornia. but is of no less importance. It is
taken, however, just as experi
however is underlaid with thick "
Psidium ( "common shrub than and is
guava -guava, more a a tree, quiteas ments have shown the. contrary and
stratum of shell marl containing peb- "apple guava.Thisspecies ) P. The
guava, "pear hardy as cattkyanum.
none that have come to our notice
bles very rich in phosphorus, and this is a native of the West Indies, leaves are small, thick and shiny.
show sufficient increase in to
rests upon a coralline or limestone (or. and is tender that the crop pay
so very even The fruit is borne in abundance, andis
for the work of detasseling. For
mation. This limestone formation is
slightest frost seriously injures or kills from one to two inches in diameter, these reasons the Farmers' Review
very porous in structure, full of cavi back the trees. If killed to the according to variety, The shape is
would advise its readers
to go
ties of varying sizes, capable of being ground the stocks send up numerous nearly round, and the color is pale slow in trying this mutilation idea.
ground with extreme ease and thus which bear fruit It
sprouts soon lemon-yellow. The surface is smooth
\Ve would for discourage
not a moment -
prepared for application to the soil. propagates naturally bv sproutingfrom and free from dots. In flavor it is the from
boys making an experi-
At distances which vary from two or the for feet in all directions
roots many quite tart, and has but little of the ment for themselves, but we would
three miles to perhaps fifteen or twenty from the parent tree, and this peculiar guava smell.
advise them not to try the plan on a
from the shore of the lake this lime. habit is sometimes quite annoying.The .
wholesale scale. The results of the
stone formation comes nearest to the NEW
size and form of the tree are
surface and forms a kind of a natural somewhat like the peach, and it bears At the meeting of the American plan have not yet been sufficiently
proved for or against so that it mightbe
dam for the waters of the lake. This abundantly. The leaves are from Pomological Society Dr. C. V. Riley
well for of readers
some our to experiment
line of demarcation may properly be four to six inches in length by two warned pomologists to be on their
further. In our opinion
considered as the border between the inches in width, and not glossy. guard against two foreign insects likelysoon however, the yield of corn throughoutthe ,

Lower and Upper Everglades.Of There are numerous varieties of this to appear in this country-the increased
country can be sufficiently
course every plan of constructinga species, the fruits of which differ peach ceratitis, a subtropical insect by liberal manuring and

canal through the muck lands must slightly in form, size, and color. Usually resembling the apple maggot, whichis cultivation, without seekingfor

include the breaking up of this crust however, they are from two to extremely destructive to the peach proper improvements by mutilation. When

when it approaches the surface. This, three inches in diameter, of an oval crop of Bermuda and likely to be the maximum normal production has

however, is most easily done and shape, and pale lemon-yellow in color.. troublesome if it once becomes estab-- been attained, tricks may be in order,

would oppose no great barrier to the The names "pear" guava and "ap- lished in Florida and Georgia; and but not before then.-Farmers'Rev.

progress of the work. This crust has ple" guava come from their resem- the Japanese peach fruit worm, whichis .

already been broken through by the blance in form to these fruits. The allied to our codling moth, and in Thursday afternoon the Record re-

drainage company in opening the surface is smooth but not glossy. The some seasons damages 90 per tent. of porter took a stroll out to Mr. Rus

F Upper Caloosahatchee to a freer con- flesh is either pink or whitish yellowin the peach crop of Japan. He sug- sell's place, and was greatly interestedin

nection with Lake Okeechobee, color. The peculiar odor is so gested that provision be made for the what he has accomplished. Mr.

through Lakes Flirt and Bonne, by strong that a few specimens will per inspection, at ports of entry, of fruits Russell was busy enclosing with a tight

the system of canals already described.As fume a large room, but the taste is a and plants received from any part of board fence about two and a half

will be seen further on, the muck pleasant subacid. The guava jelly, the world from which we know dan- more acres which he is preparing to

soils of Florida are markedly which is known the world over as one ger threatens. set to pines. He has on hand 10,000

DEFICIENT IN MINERAL CONSTITUENTS.The of the most delicious of all conserves, THE POMELO. plants of the Smooth Cayenne variety,
is made chiefly from this species. which he has just imported from the

presence, therefore, of so large a However, jelly of excellent qualitycan Another citrus fruit that is becoming island of St. Michaels, in the Azores,

body of limestone, mingled with phos- be made from any species of this quite popular is the pomelo. Hithertoits and which he proposes to transplantat

phatic pebbles, is a matter of no mean cultivation has been almost wholly once. He regards this as one of

importance when the agricultural fu. <1900000.00 confined to Florida, but California is the most profitable varieties for culturein

ture of these lands is considered. A now trying it. Specimens received this Abbakkah

few of these pebbles were picked up BUOYANCY OF BODYcanne.erborealixedwhen the bowels --9 from Oroville were of fair quality, but on account sectionalthough of its habit of multiplying,

at the headwaters of the Caloosa do not act as nature intends they Ahonld. in competition with that produced in he with favor.
hatchee and examined for phosphoricacid. Instead, there is headache,vP Florida this fruit is likely to be at a I rapidly, regards great
weight In the stomach after eating, -Orlando Record.
The mean percentage of phos- 2&acidity and belching up of wind low(Q!) disadvantage because of its' thicker --a ,.-_...
W spirits, loss of energy, unsoelab1l1ty. and acid flavor. These For Nervous ExhaustionUse
phoric acid found was 0.697. This and forebodings of evil. An unhappy peel more :
region has not been prospected at all V condition, but OB objections are sometimes made even Iloraford'n Acid Phosphate. -

for phosphate deposits, but it would TUTT'S to the Florida fruit, though it is very Dr. H. C. McCoy, Algona, Ia.,

not be surprising if they were discov o 0ti wholesome and, to most persons, of i I says : "I have used it in cases of dyspepsia -

ered to exist here in great abundance, agreeable flavor. The market demandis nervous exhaustion and wake-

as they are found from 60 to 100 miles Tiny' Liver Pills steadily increasing, and seedling fulness,' with pleasant results. Also

farther, west, in the Peace River re _will relieve it and rive health and(I varieties are being named and large think it of great service in depressed
gion.-U.: S. Agricultural Report, happiness. They are worth trial. orchards of budded trees are beingset condition of the system resulting from

1891. in Florida. It is to be regretted biliary derangement,"

-, .-

-'- '------ -- '



> ,: : 'THE FARMERS ALLiANco .


'Agriculture is the Basis of Wealth." No. 24.

.Corporations in Politics. corporation, charging it with a corrupt I ing plant a more diversified crop and of that happy number? Why shouldwe

Neither the F. C. and P. Railroad purpose to dictate political nominations make your living on the farm insteadof "wait for the wagon" when'we can,

Company nor any other is an enemy and tamper with the State out of the town store.P. by a little policy, distance all compet-
WESTGAARD.. itors? If this is not logical reasoning,
of the State of Florida for they area
ernment, this must give the people
Melrose Fla. then we fail to realize the full signifi-
part of that State and cannot seekto pause.Is 0-1 cance of the English language.

it. A railroad official has Where the Fault Was.
destroy that newspaper corporationitself I AMATEUR.
Editor Alliance Department:
as much right to attend a political wholly guiltless of such a purpose -
I am not a farmer or a fruit grower, Knights of Labor for the Single Tax
convention as any other citizen. If ? To attempt to play the War
but I have been a close observer of At the last meeting of Minnesota\
corporations pay their taxes they havea wick with Governors and Legisla what is transpiring around me, and I
District of Labor H. B. Martin
perfect right to have some member tures is no more a part of the functionof have read and studied much over what Knights ,

friendly to them, or at least thoroughly good journalism than it is of the seems one of the knottiest problemsman president Minneapolis Single Tax

ever attempted to solve, and, with League, was elected district master
cognizant of their affairs, in prominent management of a railroad, which I
I your permission, I will give you the workman, and the following resolu-
municipalities, boards of county com- ought to have such a heavy trffiac as result of some of my observations.In .
tion made the of
was principal plank
missioners, in the Legislature and even' to leave it no leisure or dispositionfor the beginning of the season of the platform:

in the Railroad Commission itself. It such political intermeddling.Both 1891 I saw, or thought I saw, one of WHEREAS, All men have an inalienable -

would be preposterous for a committeeof of these great forces would the finest opportunities that ever presented inheritance and right to a share

three clergymen to assume to reg- much better abandon this poor and itself to the orange growers of for use of the earth, be it therefore
Florida realize their
to handsomely on
ulate the fees to be charged by a firm bad business for their legitimate work, crops. The fruit was here in abundance Resolved, of That we request of the
Legislature Minnesota the
of eminent attorneys in a great city; the building of the magnificent ma- and the field was as wide as the of laws that will increase the burdenof

so it is for a triumvirate of men, how- terial destiny of Florida; not forget- world. But, alas! ambition; ambi-- taxation on all lands held out of use

ever distinguished they may be as ting that the mercenary maxim of tion not to excel in the raising of the by speculators, and a corresponding
fruit but the ambition of
citizens or jurists, but lacking in spe- charging "all the traffic will bear"may unholy being decrease of the burden of taxes on allimprovements
in the market
the first : caused some
of land and
cial knowledge of transportation, to not be any more false or perni-- men not only to overreach themselvesbut products
this dis-
labor, in order, by means, to
attempt to regulate the whole vast cious in its final outcome than that to pull down the mountain, which courage the holding of land out of use

scheme of freights and fares in Florida. other baneful policy of denouncing crushed the life out of a market which and make it easier for those who wishto

The people of the State of Floridaare corporations all the readers will bear. promised the richest reward that ever use land to get access to it. By this

going to demand of their next presented itself to the promoters of a means we shall decrease the numberof

CorporationsNo.Editor thrifty industry. It was mistakenly be- unemployed workmen, and since it
Legislature the creation of a new lieved it be
that was a great thing to who
Alliance is the unemployed keep down the
Railroad Commission; and they will Department: I first in the market, but when the first would
In your article of last issue on mar- wages of the employed, we thus
regard with stern condemnation any came in green and miserably packedmen enable all workmen to secure such in-
keting, with the above heading, E.
were led to believe there was:
action on the part of any corporationor crease of wages as would enable them
Bean is right, and the sooner our fruit never such a crop as Florida had
to command full earnings.
any number of gentlemen which and vegetable growers learn the lesson. raised, and that in a brief space of > \

has an appearance of an attempt to therein set forth, the better for us. III time the markets of the world would Light in Colorado.A .

prevent such legislation. Neither I will add another remedy; let our show such a glut it would be impossible -

should the transportation companieslend farmers and fruit growers study and to dispose of one-half of the crop tax on the unimproved value of

practice the art of making their farms at anything like a living rate; and the all land, and the total exemption of
their influence in to
any degree self supporting or their living at home further fact that a whole box of Navelswas the products of labor from taxation,

any such attempt, for their prosperityis instead of sacrificing everything for auctioned off at twenty-five cents would raise more revenue with less

inseparably bound up in the pros- the almighty dollar only to carry in evidences the unwisdom of the men expense than any other method. And

perity of the people, and' both alike town to pay the merchant with. Yes ; who lacked the prudence generally at- there is no other way under heaven

can best be promoted by the broadest make your living at home, and if you tached to sensible men, and precip- whereby a republic can be perpetuated
can raise anything to sell that other itated a disaster from which the mar- except by adopting a plan to limit the
and most complete harmonizing of the ownership of land.
sections of our country are in need, of ket never recovered. u
interests of both parties. A well con- you may be sure they will come here There seemed to be an inspiration We would rather have a warranty

stituted and vigorous Commission, and buy it. Let them send their among these men that the Fruit Ex deed to all the land in Colorado thanto

and here and would be slow and in the have a bill of sale to every man,
containing at least one member with a agents packers you get change too ,
before end make the that should of woman and child in the State. For if
your money your product money ,
fund of technical knowledge would
leaves farm and the them. seemed to we had the latter, we could not use
your quit paying right, come to They
not be a disturber; it would be an arbiter railroad from be the "That thereis them without the land, while if we-
company 50 per cent. to spurred by adage,
and a promoter. It is useless 75 per cent. of the proceeds of your a time in the affairs of men which owned all the land, we could dictateour

for the companies to struggle for the fruit and vegetables. taken at its flood, leads on to fortunes." own terms to those who occupiedthe

retention of the almost prohibitivetariffs Last year's orange crop netted the The fruit was theirs, the chances were land.

grower a very poor return ; still most theirs, and heedless of every other Depend upon it, this question will
which are at present imposedon not down at the bidding of man
of the fruit was sold for about an consideration except the money that any
some of the short hauls inside of average price of $2 oo per box, whichI was bound to flow into their coffers or set of men, and on its correct solu-

the State. This peninsular' narrow- consider is about as much as a box from being the first in the market, tion hangs the fate of the American

ness and extortion must be brokenup of oranges is worth to the consumer. they rushed headlong on to realize, Republic.-Littleton (Col.) Independent.

and reduced to the continentallevel But when the transportation, commission when too late, that they had done a .. .
and crate take the biggest foolish thing. That in helping
which between : very The of section of
prevails everywhere people a large
half of this and leave us in return themselves they had involved their
the Atlantic and the Pacific Southern Illinois send yearly a por-
from 75 to 90 cents per box, there is neighbors in a common misfortune and
tion of their earnings to a man in Ireland .
coasts, before Florida can enter into something wrong. done themselves a positive injury.Isn't .
for his permission to till the soil
the great current of American pros- Make your living at home as you it strange how shortsighted we live on and whose value
did during the war. You have worked mortals areVe are all for gain; we they they
perity. alone have made. Tell this
long enough for the railroad companies have too little fellow.feeling; it mattersnot to an
But when Eskimo and he will wonder
a powerful newspaper why the
; strive to regain the position you who sinks so we swim. The world

corporation like the Times-Union once held of country gentlemen ; improve is advancing; it is getting full of millionaires missionaries ever .left. home. '

distinctly opposes itself to a railroad your stock and mode of farm- and why should we. not be \ Reason t nI;i C1LU1'PII.1,5 act like marfc.

.,.. .-. --,-


WEATHER AND CROPS. be saved. Late crops have been greatly George Zellhoeffer, of Grand Island I I representative of the Reporter droveout

benefited and will yield well. has a vineyard that is the admiration to his place yesterday to see his
well. Trees need
For tho Week Ending Juno 13,1892. more rain.-Crops doing of all who see it, and it demonstrates irrigation plant that had just been

RAINFALL. Avon Park.-A week of cloudy weather that right in this section of completed. The well is four inchesin

but little rain. Showers badly Florida can be grown a variety of diameter and two hundred feet
The rainfall for tho week, while
ly distributed, has averaged nearly poor-nor- needed. grapes that cannot be excelled any- deep. The pump is operated by a

mal for the season: for the State as a Brooksville.The weather for the past where, and also the fact that they can sixteen-horse power engine, and it hasa
week, while dry has been fine for
whole. local rains have occurredin grow- into the Northern markets
Heavy ing crops of all kinds, especially corn be put at a capacity of twelve thousand gallons

some sections, while many localities and melons. time when there are no other grapesto : of water per hour. The whole plant

have been favored with a seasonal CrnwCord\"ille.-Fine rains during the be had. Yesterday we were per- is the best one in the country, and hadit
amount. A few correspondents report
only light showers and still others state present week; sufficient at present for mitted to sample some bunches of the been in position March ist, it would
The in condition of
that no rain fell during the week. crops.seems improvement almost miraculous. famous Diamond variety. We never have fully paid for itself by this time.

Over a narrow strip along the Alantic crops DeFuniak Springs.-Prior to the last saw more beautiful specimens of The water will be conveyed to the

coast in Brevard from Titusville and Dade south counties to Hypoluxo, ten days most crops have suffered from grapes. The bunches were of perfect grove by a three inch main, and distributed
rains At veryhea"y drouth, especially tobacco and sweet potatoes shape and the fruit so close togetherthat through two inch pipes.-
are reported. Hypo
luxo Dade county, 3.60 inches fell in because of insufficient moistureto it looked almost as a solid mass. Orlando Reporter.Dr. .
two hours and a half on Juno 8th, and The flavor of a White Diamond grape
Homeland.While there was a defi- I A. W. Bitting, the veterinarianof
the daily average for the week was near- once tasted is something too deliciousto
ciency of temperature and but little suni -
the station Lake
first experiment at
inches. This the time
ly is
hine during the week, it cannot [be said ever be forgotten. Mr. Zellhoeffer
the that this section has i will for horsesor
during season City, prescribe ailing
that these conditions have been injuriousor
has of his the
shipped a portion
had sufficient rain for It crop,
crops. came mules whose complaints are
markedly favorable. Potato planting very
too late for the vegetable crop, but will most going to Northern cities, but
going forward.Hypoluxo.From. plainly described to him. When
be highly beneficial to pineapples and made you
some shipments were to Jack-
half 11
past a. m.
write him state: Class of animal
In the and melon age,
' oranges. corn grow- to 1 :au() p. m.. on the 8th, 3.60 inches of sonville. The prices obtained are one
sections is noted reared here brought here
ing great improvement rain fell: 12.93!); inches in six days. of the most interesting features con. appearanceof
and in many places) the rapid recovery hair look of appetite thirst
Kissimmee.-The rains of the past nected with in Florida. eye, ,
of these crops is reported as phenomenal. week have been pretty well distributedover grape growing color of urine, smell of urine, color of
Late well and the Lake .
tomatoes ,
are yielding Region.C.
of has been this section. Crops and groves are faces, position assumed, tenderness at
transplanting potatoes
vigorously prosecuted. The wet weather looking well. H. Bates, who has a magnificentgrove loins, evidence of lung pain, nasal discharges .

has also benefited tobacco, which suffered Lake City.-General rains beneficial.six: days All and farm a short distance northof length of disease, food fed,
this:: week have teen very
severely on account of there being town, is a man who has learned work done. Describe the affect-
crops in tins\ section are doing well. parts
insufficient moisture in the soil to allow how to vegetables in this section
Lloyds.::; -Conditions since last report grow ed carefully.
of its being transplanted. have been favorable to tho growth and and he puts that knowledge to a prac
Watermelons and
now [being marketed, peaches in considerable cantaloupesare development of all field crops.::; Farmers tical use. Realizing that a supply of

generally report the corn crop the most which be called into
In sections the rain- water can use
quantities. many .,. .....
promising they have ever raised. " & .
fall has been sufficient to benefit large when nature's supply_ is lacking, is I WORTH,.. A GUINEA A BOX.. ,"
Manatee.\ Tho for vegetablecrops -
orange trees, and many groves ha.ogreatly season for the I "
improved in appearance since generally ends in June, but on account absolutely necessary producingof {Covered with a Tasteless and Soluble Coating.

the drouth ended. Flower gardens and of severe drouth it practically end- a paying crop, Mr. Bates two years S BEECHAM'SPILLS '

lawns have lost that sickly and parched ed this year in May. Odds and ends of ago put in a complete steam irrigating '

appearance and all vegetation looks well. crop are now going forward, but this plant. Witness the effects of water, !

except in a few sections where the rain- will end in a few days. Setting out when water has become a necessity.Mr. .
sweet vines will be next in order. I 1 are a marvellous
fall has been light. Following is: a summary potato Bates had about a sixth of an S c AnUdot.rorWeak
of rainfall for the State : Amelia, No extra blossoming of orange trees re- I
in cucumbers. From t this small $ Stomach,
ported. acre (
1.70: Archer i.5'3; Avon Park, 0.29;
Brooisville 00; Crawfordville, line rains; \Iilton.-TIlis section was visited by a patch he has shipped 120 crates, and S SICK HEAD-

DeFuniak Springs, 1.50; Homeland, 3.9; rain, wind and hail storm on the 7th, the returns have been from two to I ACHE,

Hypoluxo, 12.03: ; Jacksonville, 0.55; ; which did considerable damage to crops. four dollars a crate and the one sixth : Impair.
The wind blew down trees and the hail
Kissitnmee 1.82; Lake City, rains on six : ed Dlgest -
acre will yield him at least 100 crates
cut blades to pieces. Fodder .
days; Lloyds, normal amount: Manatee, corn crop # l1onCon.sllpatlon.
!, ruiued. Young melons beat from more.-Lake Region.Mr. .
l.l'O!); Milton. 2.23; ; Molino, 00; Myers,
3.88) Nora light showers Ocala, 1.76 the vines.Molino.No::. Dltorder.
; ; ;
W. L. Dolive who has handsome
a -
rain in this immediate i. ed Liver,
Orange City, O.C'2; Orlando, 0.35; Pensa-
St. vicinity. Fine showers:: within four residence and grove property a ete.,found
cola, 0.27; Petersburg ; Tampa, also' to be especially efficacious and remedial
1.09; Tarpon Springs, OJ; Titusville, 3.22. miles on either side of us. Crops need mile and a half southeast of the city, I', FEMALE NUFFCRCR9.

TEMPERATURE. more rain. Gardens suffering and veg- determined that he never would be I or all druggists' Price 2: cents a box.
etables scarce.Myers.Fruit. New York DTmf 3M) dual Rt.t'1' .
There was a slight deficiency in tem :: trees are beginning to caught again as he was this spring. A I .. .4' 121

perature in eastern Florida along and show signs of new growth since the
------ -
near the Atlantic coast. At Jacksonville rains began.

the deficiency averaged about one Nora.-Lo'alshowers on the 8th. Corn, THREE

and a half degrees daily. Along the cane,potatoes peas and cotton are doing .STYLES. GAN SpadingHarrow
Gulf coast, except in the extreme weat- well and garden truck is looking well. FIVE 4.aM, MOft

ern portion, and in the ihtel' .>r of the Orlando.-Citrus and other fruits, SIZES.I I

State the temperature was about normal. melons and field crops are doing well, Thousands The nest all l I around Rotary Harrow and Pulverizer.
In extreme western Florida there was a .old. for Fall plowed land Stubble Vine-
but are beginning to need rain.'hil(> NO Eto'UAL yards and Peach. Orchards. Leaves no
slight excess,averaging one"degree a dayat half of the orange crops shediled during rrow or ridge. Angle of teeth adjustable. Bend ..
Pensacola. the protracted drouth, it is hoped that fOIGE r Catalogue. Mention thin Paper. Address

SUNSHINE.In what remains will [be of a quality that o. S.MORGAN & CO. Brockport, N.Y.

eastern Florida there was less than will in a measure compensate for the
-- -
the average amount of sunshine; in Middle loss in quantity.

Florida there wa about the average, Pensacola.Drouth= continues. Only UL..VEBLACK E IPL'EiY: ,
.27 of inch of rain. Showers were
while in western Florida there was a decided an
excess. heavier a short distance inland.St. .

HAIL. that.more Petersburg.-Fruit rain is needed, but growers the trees say JAMAICAPINEAPPl and PORTO RICO

Hail, accompanied by a Wle'of wind are looking well. Late tomatoes and
and rain occurred in Santa Rosa countyon melons have been greatly benefited.

the 7th. Trees and fences were pros- Tampa.-Crops looking well. Watermelons .E SLiPS

trated and the hail did much damage to promise an abundant yield. Cornis

crops, especially corn.WIND. Tarpon growing Springs.-This nicely. immediate- Imported by D. T. Valentine>, Kingston, Jamaica. Large

winds cinity is dry, although copious rains slips for July deli Address
Fresh easterly prevailed. have fallen within about six miles in all very. ,

Amelia-Recent showers have been very Titusville.-Plenty of rain during the Agent,

beneficial to all crops and fruits. Some past week. : Iel b01.1r.J1c: F' a.It .
E. R. DEMAIX Director.
far to ,
crops early planted were too gone
Jacksonville, Fla.,June 14.


GONSUMPTIONI L In addition to his group of palatial A BOON TO AGRICULTURE.We SCHOOL

H. M. have the variety that is tested and accli
hare a positive remedy for the above disease;by itt hotels in St. Augustine, Flag- matf'd.Ve offer pedigree seed, crop of'91 in
use thousands of cases cf the worst kiad and of longstanding ler has determined to erect in that spected and guaranteed, in sealed bags. For the Fitting: young men for the active duties of life.
hare been cured. Indeed is fait. scarlet Clover Bulletin, No. 16, of the Dela chartered by the Legislature of Virginia, and
In i its e cu'1.: that I w JI sand TWO BOTTLES so strong FCES.my mli city a residence for himself that will ware Agricultural Experiment Station circulars, endorsed by the Chamber of Commerce, Council,
VALUABLE TREATISE on this disease toanisuf.ferer eclipse anything south of the Ohio prices, etc., address the growers Tile Delaware and prominent citizens the city where located.
For ,circulars and testimonials address
catalogue ,
who will seni me their Express and P.O.address. Fruit Exchange. SAM'L II. DERBY,
river.-Orlando Reporter., AVoodside, Delaware. 6-9-4t ,.crDUNSMORS, President SUuutoo V*.
T. A. Slocum, JU. C., 183 Pearl St., N, Y. Sect,,



f "CENT-A-WORD" COLUMN.To ; QUEEN; Pineapple Slips, five dollars
1.OR1 Is',A.DISPATCH{ 'fGROWE **5-26-st per hundred. Box 642, Orlando, Fla. One Cottrell Cylinder

insure insertion in this column, advertise-
RI)' FAQUIRSAUJANCTONSflUMTCD ments must be accompanied by the money. "MONEY; to loan at low rates. Address B. B.,
ARM ER ti..r..ww n Advertisements must not exceed fifty words.Posta&e AIA box 177,DeLand, Fla. S.Iq-4t
Stamps received in payment.
Count every word,including name and address 200 TRUCKING LAND without expensive

. CHAS. W. DaCOSTA, Publisher. machinery: or even artesian wells. A black soil, ,

"II7ANTED; -About 400 budded Satsumas. State several feet in depth, level as a floor. free from ALSO
age, price etc D. GIBBONS, Apopka, Fla. timber, which can be flooded by the closing of agate
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION: at the mouth of the ditch draining the glade.

For One Year ..... ........................$2.00 THE UNKNOWN PEAR, $2.00 per bu hd. For particulars address C.o.V.. HASTINGS, In- ONE WASHINGTON HAND
ducks and Langshan chicks, four to terlachen, Fla.Tilghman's.
For Six ;Months..... .................. ..... i.oo five months old. $l.oo each. Pure and well bred Condition Powdersare

eggs, '1.25 per dozen. W. H. MANN, Mannville,
4 Subscriptions in all cases cash in advance.
Putnam Co., Fla. 6-16-31 guaranteed to cure Salt-sick cattle, and prevent PRESS
Rates of Advertising on Application. cholera in chickens. Best medicine for all ,
and bittersweet orange seed for sale in stock. For sale all over Florida Sample package -
REMITTANCE should be made by Check, SOUR any quantity. ALEX. A. BERRY, New Smyrna by mail for 35 cts. W. G. TILGUMAN, Palat-

Postal Note Order Fla. 6-i6-4t ka.: Fla 4'I-IOt Can be
Money or Registered Letter, Bought Very Cheap
to order ofFLORIDA SALE-One second hand Washingtoa
ARTESIAN; WELL; MACHINERY; -For sale, or FOR Press for sale cheap at this ofice.
DISrATClt, FARMER AND e for cows, or orange and lemon Write for particular
trees. A. A. BALDWIN, Georgians, Fla. APPLY TOCHAS.
. 6-i6-6t .' FOR LECONTE;,1,2, 3 4-YEAR-OLD; ,KEIF-

To make room for young stock we wit! sell for TICELLO. FLA. n-26-tf Jacksonville Fla.
thirty days at a great reduction : Langshans, ,
FREE FREE FREE Golden and Silver Wyandottes, White Leghorns, WANTED-200 Hart's Tardifl buds, three years
Silver Spangled Hamburgs, Pekin ducks, White grape fruit stock two to three Notice of Incorporation.Notice .

Phymouth Rocks, Indian Games and Bronze inches through four inches from ground Ad- Is hereby given of the formation of
turkeys. Write soon and get first choice. The dress, stating price and full particulars. E.; H. under the general laws of Florida The corporation name
most of this stock has been in my breeding pens MOTE, Leesburg, Fla. 6-2-2t of the corporation Is General Finance Corporation
the past year and are not more than twelve to Limited. places of business are St. Augustine,
sixteen months old. E.; W. AMSDEN, Ormond, They are the sweetest, Florida;New York City, New York; London. England -
Fla. 6-i6-2t THE LATEST ,and such other places as the Board of Directors
WHITNER'SGARDENING most complete tone sustaining may,from time to time, appoint The general nature
durable and per- of the business Is the formation of a company to
. WALL PAPER-Cheaper than any house in fect Music Boxes made promote or aid In any way In the formation of steam
state. Samples, prices and instructionsfree (warranted In every reINVENTION railway,electric railway,street railway steamshipor
,by mail. J. F. ROBINSON, 15 W. Bay street, spect), and any number of steamboat corporations or of corporations for
Jacksonville, Fla. 3246111TLORIDA'S IN tunes can be obtained for the purpose of producing or furnishing electricity
for any purpose,or for the manufacturing of electrical
IN FLORIDA them. (Improvements, Pat- machinery and apparatus and appliances of
advantages for small investments, ented in Switzerland and all kinds or for any other business and to constructor
see "Real Estate; Journal," Arcadia, Fla. United States.) promote or aid In any way In the construction or
$1.00 per year: sample, with state map, 10 cents. We manufacture especially equipment of the railways,steamships! steamboats
3-24-i 2m r for direct family trade. and w'e or plants of any such corporations and of any corporations
SWISSMUSIC\" I guarantee our instruments far I, now existing or hereafter to be organized: ;
to construct,build purchase own and operate,lease,
For Florida
FREE TO ALL. superior to the Music Boxes sell or dispose of works or property of any character
The Lakeland Nurseries are again to the front usually made for the wholesale connected with or of use to any such corporationsas
with 15,000 orange and lemon buds, consisting of trade and sold by general mer- are named In this notice;to acquire hold own and
12 prominent varieties, budded on sour, sweet chandise,dry goods and music Invest, trade and deal In stocks bonds securities,
and grapefruit roots to four old and a stores. Manufacturer!)'special obligations and contracts. grants concessions and
one years ,
franchises of every kind and to trade and deal In
fine stock of seedling grapefruit and sour trees; I ,I I agency and salesrooms for the goods wares and merchandise,and real and personal
,I also complete stock -of decidious trees. C. M. celebrated Gem and Concert property generally;to act as agents for corporations
MARSH, Proprietor, Lakeland, Fla. 6i6t Roller Organs; play any tune; firms and lndivlduals.States and municipalities In the
I prices, only{6 and|ia. Issuance of their stocks bonds securities and obligations + -

Until April 1st, 1892, I will mall to II FOR SALE Whipporwill pees, per bushel, f.o. OIdMusie nm-carefully property,and of In all the kinds management; to make guarantees and disposition of every of
$2.00; Conch peas (limited quantity), per Repaired and Improved.II. kind and description and to transact any
pound, post paid, 2oc; Chufa seed, per pound, agency and mercantile business; to acquire construct -
all subscribers remitting $2.00 for post paid, 35c; per peck, f. o. b., $1.50; pearl BOXES GAIITSC1II.t- maintain and operate telegraph lines telephone
millet, per pound, post paid, 35C; four pounds, .' *. lines,water works gas works and oil works
renewal or new subscription,a copy %i.25; tu pounds, f. o. b., $2.00. Send cash with Salesrooms, 1030 Chestnut St. manufactories of electrical machinery and apparatusand
order. EXCELSIOR SEED FARM, Keuka, Fla. Philadelphia appliances of all kind,and to produce provide,
furnish and maintain electricity and the application
of "Whitner's Gardening: In FlorI 2-4-tf -- thereof for any purpose whatever and to construct
maintain and operate pubUc and private works of
FOR SALE-40 acres, ij miles from Umatilla, all kinds;to carry on the business of mining coal Iron
I ida. I Co., Fla Very fine location three FRUITEVAPORATORTHE gold,sliver,copper and other minerals or ores and
I lake fronts good house, barn well and out-build- the working,smelting refining, manufacturing and
To all who remit $5.00 I will send ins; timber cut on entire 40; 6 acres under good Tile Standard nachineDlff Selling thereof' ;to lease railway Including street rail- l
s.and to maintain and operate the same by the
tI'lD'itstt and erled. Ill.dra.4 Catalog frt
fence and in cultivation; 98 young orange trees .. O. use of steam electricity or other power,and to own.
this paper and the "World's Columbian and 157 more ready to set out. Price, till July maintain and operate boats and vessels of all kinds
loth, $600 S. W. UPTON, Umatilla. Fla. -o-2t - and to carry on the business of transporting freight
and passengers by land or water,with powers to borrow -
Exposition Illustrated," for or raise money to any amount by the Issue or
$7 5 buys a 25-horse power portable engine Did you ever receive a letter You can sale) of bonds notes or debentures' of the company
and pump in good order II.M. PFANS, i receive our Roses the same way-by mall, or in any r ther manner and to Invest and use the
one year, the subscription price of Conant, Fla. 6-9-61 postpaid. The Californian or the Pennsyl1 money so obtained In securities or investments' of
1 vanlan can alike enjoy the advantage of the kind and character hereinbefore' specified or for
which is $4.00 per annum.C. WRITE NOW for prices on anything in nurse dealing direct at the Rose headquarters of any of the purposes hereinbefore enumerated; to
ery line. I will either supply you or tell i do all and everything necessary, suitable or properfor
the world. Success Is universal with our
you where to get it. Stock largely incrensed. G. the accomplishment of any of the purposes or
W. DACOSTA, L. TABER, Glen St. Mary Nurseries, Glen St. the attainment of any of the objects above enumer-
> ated, either' alone or in association with other corpo-
PU I..ISIIEU. Mary, Fla. 6-9-tf ROSES rations or firms or Individual, 1 he amount of captal -
stock authorized is $luuunuo, divided Into 10.UO
ORANGE, grapefruit and lemon trees. AH the OWN ROOTS: shares of $l(*)each to be paid In upon the call of the
varieties, one and two year buds; directors The commencement' or the corporation
extra fine Tardiffs. Write for what von want to We desire the acquaintance of every shall be forthwith and It shall have Its terminationIn
FRUIT TREES J. C. BLITCII,or Tampa Nurseries, Tampa, Fla. flower lover In America and offer our Rose ninety-nine years. The business of the company
6>tfTWO Guide and Catalogue, free by way of In- shall be conducted by a President, a Vice-President
I troduction. It mirrors our Immense stock Secretary; Assistant Secretaries. Treasurer Assistant
Treasurers,a Board of Directors and by such
,i FOR tame Deer, male and female, for sale. A. and gives a quarter of a century's special other officers a* the Board of Directors may. from
a' YE, Faye Walton Co., Fla. 6-2-31 flower experience for the asking only. time to time determine.' The highest amount of In-
SOUTHERN ORCHARDS. Otber flowers also. No fancy prices. debedtness or liability to which the corporation can,
A BARGAIN- first-class The Guide without price. Send your address.] at any time,subject Itself! U $10HOi( > The undersigned .
,ooo twoyearoldorange
Write for Catalogue and price list. AT and lemon buds. Also some very desirable [THE DINGEE & CONARD CO.RortGrewtrtc5'&edsmtaWEST .< form Its first Board of Director-:

JENNINGS' NURSERY CO., real estate. J. L. DERIEUX, Lakeland, GROVEPA.( T.C.N.A.MELVIS.It1'CTOf.' !

Thomasvillc, Ga. Fla. 5-26-4 2-41 ALTRCD BISHOP )fasos.COMPANY.

.c .. . __ __




Finest Oranges, First Strawberries, First Car-Load of Watermelons, and First and Best VegetablesThat

always get the very cream of the high prices, will occupy this space henceforth with an advertisement for their celebrated brands of

Orange Tree and Vegetable Fertilizers, .

Their Oyster Shell Gas Lime, and their

Ground Stock Food and Prepared Poultry Food.

For information, analysis, circulars, price current, etc., describing these articles, address



All prices will be in view of.great rivalry and made to meet every; possible competitor and should secure your order. Drop us a line for prices, etc., for fertilizers

and material,.mentioning this paper. '

..'.... -


4 -

-.....-. -"'" ,' --' -,..",-.....- .

i .







Extending Southeast, South and South- DOORS SASH BLINDS PAINTS
west from Jacksonville
cover over one
thousand miles of tropical country, and SA.\.V\ III.tL SITPPLIhr9.

; reach all prominent winter and summer We are State We Have
Agents for the
pleasure resorts of Florida: One Horse and Two HORSE HAY RAKES

The East Coast, In stock
8 and G feet tread. .
The Great Lake Region, THE-

The Phosphate Fields, r '.!. ', a The able 6 foot for use Is suit in Florida? Central & Peninsular

The Pineapple Fields, A foinplftf JIO'f"M"1I stork ruin of ORANGE GROVES. RAILROAD CO.

The Orange GrovesAND Jlepnlr Factory* on Prices Jin ml at \Write\ for Prices.WE The Flonldi' Trunk Lisle


The Fruit and Vegetable RANGE PLO VS," SHORT LINE TAMPA
A full lAne of Repairs fur Same.

Sections. Acme Orange Grove and Two-Horse Pulverizing: Harrows, the Boy In addition TO to Its long-established connections

Dixie Cast Plows, and a full line of Farm and Agricultural Implementsof with the North by

all descriptions. Agents for the Planet Jr. Horse and Hand Tools, sold Hirer Jnnctlon, Live Oak,Callahan,Jacksonville
and FernandIna,
at factory prices. Send for catalogues. I Has this season re-opened

Y1A I pt ffiomuvillc! ind JJontictlla! Kant

In connection with the S.,P.&W. R.IL;the
Tie Tropical Trunk Line AlabamafMidland and the L.&N.and the lines -
leading:from Chicago, St. Louis, Kansas City
-S and the North and West.

t; These lines are equipped with the latest I Through Cars from Cincinnati to
Jacksonville and Tampa.Fait .
improved modem appliances for the
Schedule, Pullman Sleepers all JT. trn .
safety and comfort of passengers.Our Hallway Improvement

patrons call them the The Florida Central,I Peninsular> O.
FINEST IN FLORIDA. Is the greatest artery of travel through the
finest of
parts Florida traversing twenty-lour
coun tips-Gadsdpn..J etferson.Dm al,Alachua,
ake. Leon, Suwannee Nassau,LeviOrange,
Trains Leave Jacksonville via J., HllbborouJh, \Vakulla, Columbia.. Clay,
:Marion Polk, Manatee. Madibou.Baker Hnid-
T. & K. W.: ford,Sumter Hernando and DeSoto-in tln-lr
richest portion. It runs through< the Middle -
8:30: a.m. daily, cxc Sunday; 12:30: p.m. Florida Region of Hill Country where are
daily; 4:20: p.m. daily, except Sunday; Y'- the fine oldFarming
8:00: p.m. daily, except Sunday. c Lands and the Nfif TobacioFaring

..., Arrive 7:30 a.m., 8:00: a.m., 12:55 p.m., I (reached by no other line), some of them con-
7:40 p.m.Trains ducted on a large scale. Here are Quincy,
Pl.ANFT: JU. IIOHSK HOE WITH LEVER ANn LEVER; WHEEL. Tallahassee(the capital),Monticello Madison!
and other towns, from whose comfortable,
Leave Jacksonville via East --- --------
ample dwellings, reposing in a fertile coun-
Coast Lines: try,is coming renewed energy to employ
IRRIGATING MACHINERY the resources lavished!! about them. StretchIng -
8:25 a.m. daily, 1:00: p.m. daily, except down through
Sunday; 4:05p.m.: daily. BOTH STEAM, HORSE AND HAND POWER. Th Peach Countryof
Baker,Bradford,Alachua and Levy coun-
Arrive 9:30: a.m.,12:25: p.m., 6:40: p.m. w, Carry a stock of Steam Pumps, Boilers ties, through the prosperous
Strawberry Farm
Wrought Pipe, of Lawtey, Starke and Waldo, perhaps superior
TITUSVILLEFor in profit to the orange grove-l goes
Hose Etc. Estimates furnished
Fittings, through the heart of the State, penetratingsome
Melbourne daily, except Sunday, for Plants put in complete and guar- of the finest groves!,one having
5:00: a.m., 3:45: p.m.; Rockledge, 9:00: a.m., 7OOOO Full-bearing Orange Trees,
7:00 p.m. Arrive Melbourne, 1:00: p.m., anteed satisfactory. Hand Spraying passing for nearly a mile between them-
making its way southward to the Gulf,and to
12 midnight. Returning,leave Melbourne Pumps of every description. Send for the more tropical portions of the State. la
1:20: p.m., 12:30: a.m.; Rockledge 4:50 p.m., all portions of the State it reaches points of
8:00 a.m. Arrive Titusville 8:00: p.m., Catalogue of How and When to Spray. Scenic Interest.

12 noon. u Nozzles, Pipe, etc., made to order in our Wakulla Springs In the West, the Suwannee -
River as beautiful and romantic as It is
Leave Rockledge for Jupiter daily, ex- machine shop. famous Silver Springs, in the lake region,
cept Sunday, 8:30: a.m., arrive Jupiter fol- and the lakes of rolling themselves land ,interspersed with their with surroundings -

lowing day 3:30: a.m. Returning, leave pleasant homes in green groves,sloping downto
Jupiter daisy except Sunday, 9:30: a.m. T the clear lake fronts. By means of this
Arrive Rockledge following day,3:30: a.m. R road you can most readily reach the
Hunting and Fishing Grounds.
Steamer "ST.AUGUSTINE Leaves The settler will find on the line of this road
a greater opportunity for a varied selectionof
ORMOND land than on any other road in the State-
: y from lightest soils to those underlaid with
8:00: ajn. Tuesdays, Thursdays and Satur- clay and marl and of richest hHmmock-
days for Rockledge and way landings. whether for regular mixed farming,stock or
\ Returning, leaves Kockledge 8:00: a.m. dairy farming, peach or strawberry culture,
orange groves and vegetable gardens.
Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays. The tourist will be gratified with its scenery.
The health-seeker on Its ample route can find
Connections are made at Jupiter with some spot adapted his wants. On the hard

I trains of J. & L.W. Railway for all pointson clay ride roads with of speed Middle and Florida satisfaction the borsemaawill and the

Lake Worth Florida Central and Peninsular is thoSportsman's
lionte.NOTE. .
4 For schedules, maps, etc., call on local .-Passengers from Northern connections

i agents, or address the .General Passenger having tickets over the Florida Central
and Peninsular to points in South Florida
I Agent. have the privilege of being taken into Jacksonville -
over the Company s line and allowed
I R. B. CABLE, W. L. CItA WFORD. IO-W STE A.M PUJMPS.:: a stop-over within the going limits of the
General Manager, Supt.East Coast Lines, ticket with return to their route for destination
All Letters Answered the Day they are Received. free of extra charge. Send for map of
Jn T.&K. W.System. St.Augustine, J'lL Florida,mailed tree.
General Passenger Agent THE S. B. HUBBARD COMPANY Jacksonville Fl&
N.8.PENNINGTON, Traffic Manager.p.B.
Jaoktonvllle 7U. .MAXWELL, General HaDqnd

i ... .









't .Phosphoric Acid............... ......4 per cent. | Potash h.O..S'per cent. | Ammonia, .. ............... ...2 to 3 per cent. .



Potash..6 to 7 per cent. | Ammonia..3 to 4 per cent. | Phosphoric! Acid..S to 6 per cent.

Xjrioo, per toil: O. 1C. J3reuriLcI, JP*. O. ]3. Cet..r+, Belie,-.isr,,". 822.00

PrIoe, per: ton: :Fu.it!" c .rich Vim., 1 '. O. IB. Cc.i, Belle' le''V. zrt2::;.00

This Company also offer their Burnt and Ground Soft Phosphate. The analysis of our Soft Phosphate, given by Serge Malyvan, of Ocala, is : -

Insoluble Silicate! ...........................18.761 I Phosphoric Acid ................ ........ .' I Oxide:of Iron .....,....,............. ........ .74 I Magnesia and Soda ......... ..... ..... 655
Carbonate Lime...........'............... 4.56| Equivalent to Bone Phosphate Lime: .... ....17.70': I| Aluminum ". ,.., ....................... 2.07 | Moisture...................,................. 6-59

He says that, after analyzing samples of Soft Phosphate from different mines in the State, the only soluble Soft Phosphate is contained in an area of about
six miles about Bellevieur.

The above mentioned complete Fertilizer is 25 per cent. cheaper than any sold in Florida of same grade, and is what orange growers need.


that fertilized with cotton seed. Thinking this two more cars of Soft Phosphate. I have used been brought into the State,and I would warmly
More About Soft Plnos p hate. estimate may have been a little high I put it as seventy-five tons of this Phosphate, and have recommend its use to the orange growers in the
The f following: in regard to soft phosphate is above but I am fire to admit that ne is a better noticed with much interest its effect un my orange btate. Yours truly,
taken from the Gainesville Sun: judge of such matters truii:: I am." lree!. The first car load I applied to something D. GRCENLEAF.
That soft phosphate is rapidly gaining favor J. f. Smith, writing from Levy county,say: "I over five hundred trees, and the results have been
with the fruit and vegetable growers there i is no put soft phosphate on sixteen rows ol corn last simply manelous. The adjoining five hundred -
sort of doubt. Those who have given it a test! uu- spring in about four acre field of corn,on about an trees received no fertilizing, and the difference
bsitatinly; speak of it in the most complimentary average quality of the land. I broadcasttrd, the between the two fields is something wonderful.! CEDAR KEYS, FLA., Dec.zr, 1891.
terms. Mr. George Saxon, writing from *">ft phosphate o\erthe land, after caking it up On one side every tree started with a vigorous C. B. Smith, President Belleview Mining Com-
Tallahassee,says: well, at about two tons per acre. Then I harrowed growth. The finest foliage that I have ever seen n"The
so t phosphate! referred to in the granulated this in. I did not measure the yield only in a grove .The trees which) received no appliDEAR SIR-Yours of ijth received. It gives
article containing the elements of ground bone in my cart as I gathered it. I got as much com cation have just commence to start !up. Mr. :\lc me pleasure to state that 1 have used nothing but
and 50 per cent phosphate of lime (bone phosphate from the sixteen row- that hid soft phosphate on :Master, of the firm of McMaster&i Miller! of han. tile Bell view Soft Phosphate on the
)crude as it conies ftom the mine. Thl'It. as I did from the next thirty rows '1 he corn I Mateo, visited! my grove a few days MUCC and ex pnd my grove
past I have been more than satisfied
soft phosphate was put upon cotton last year did not dry up any for want of ram, as the rest ,:f pressed nimself as being! vtry: much astonished with year the results. The trees are looking as well
alongside of cotton seed as fertilizers,and the result the crop did. I am well pleased and will use it at the growth of the trees where the soft phosphate have looked-
as they ever ewen when I used expensive
wa fully, or more than double, in yield of this year on all my crops." had been applied. If you will remembei fertilizers. Many have heard of
cotton the cotton sted while it four the first of ) made less persons
over gave : shipment Phosphate was experiment, and phosphate has advanced
times!!the yield over the same land without any than sixty days since, and until the last few days I my in their estimation.youi -
fertilizer. Rev. T. W Moore of Leesburg looked JACKSONVILLE FLA., June 12, 1891. we have had very little rain.
truly ,
at this crop while in full fruitage and he said that C. B. SMITH, President Bellevicw Phosphate Co., I am fully convinced that one ton of the Belie I Very REV.yours F. R. HOLMAN
at that time that the cotton fertilized by this soft Jacksonville, Florida: view Soft Phosphate has greater value as a plant
phosphate had three times more fruit on it than DEAR SIR-Enclosed please find my order for food than a ton of any Fertilizer that has ever '

We offer this Phosphate at prices so low that it is in reach of every orange grower and gardener. Prices, F. O. B. cars at Belleview, Florida. :

Per ton, Uradrlecl, ixx: Bvill*:, m m m *sCf.OO

Per ton; DrIed, ixa I3xillc, <$O.OO _

Per ton: JBvxm.t:, OrotJ.3n.cl rind Scxoltod, 88.00

Put up in 200-pound sacks. Orders for less than one ton, 50 cents per ton extra. Terms, cash with order. Send orders, and apply for further particul ars,

testimonials, freights, etc., to

C. B. SMITH, President and General Manager, Jacksonville, Fla.

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In compounding a solution a part was cc'd' >ntly spilled on the band
and on washing: afterward it was discovered that the hair was completely -
removed We at once put this wonderful preparation on the
market and so great bas been the demand that we are now Introducing
it throughout the world under the name of Queen's Anti-llalrine.

; \ Lay the hair and apply the mixture for a mlnutrs. and the
hair disappears Mover If by magic Without the slightestfew pain or Injury when
J7TCKSONSLILLJ 1 FLJ\. applied or ever afterward. It Is unlike any other preparation ever used
-- fora like purpose, Thousand of LAIIJESwhobave been annoyed
with hair on their FACE, NECK and AIJMS attest Its merits.
TURNS OUT THE BEST STYLE OF PRINTINGAT (}ENT I.Y.1n JS who do not appreciate beard or hair on their neck,
;. -: find*priceless boon In Qnren's Anti-lialrltie does away
with Shaving, by rendering Its future growth an utter Impossibility,
THE LOWEST RATES.The Price of Queen's Antl-Halrfne II. per bottle, sent In safety mailing boxes postage paid by os(securely
sealed from observation!' Send money or stamps by letter with full address written plainly. Correspondence
strictly confidential. This!' advertisement Is honest and straight forward In every word It
contains. We Invite yon to deal with u,. and yon will find everything as represented Cut this oat and
Zrz send to-day. Address QUEEN CHEMICAL CO., 174 Race Street, CINCINNATI O. You can
re register your letter at any Post Office to Insure Its safe delivery \\'.. will pay 800or any case
of failure or slightest Injury to any purchaser. Every bottle cuaranteed. .
SPECIAL-To ladies who Introdue' and sell among their friends 25 Bottles of Queen's Antl-Halrlna,
will present with a BILE DRESS yards best silk Extra Large Bottle and sample
qa'\ p3UTMtffl,, Cof silk to select from sent with ordsr. Good Salary or Commission to Agent /
Je -- --
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t Scientifically treated by an aurist of world-wide JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA.
reputation. Deafness eradicated and entirely
cured, of from 20 too.: y ears' standing, after all Capital I $ O.OOO.OOREPAIR
other treatments hae failed. How the difficulty ,_ __ _
is reached and the cause removed, fully explained I
in circulars, with affidavits and testimonials your old family Bibles; make them at
of cures from prominent people, mailed as new. DaCosta Printing and Pub-
free. lishing house, Jacksonville. Fla.
Dr. A. FONTINK: : 19 East uth St., N. Y.

,, rrr
,1, ?, Q ct5 to $15 per day,at
home. ewes
M.1 pitting j "Jry,watebe.
Ublewart, Ac. Plata tie
floral cf jewelry good ti
i t :) new, en all klod of metal
'f with role,sliver or BlckcU
+ ,,,:i. No experience. 5*espluL
",' ,,, Every: boose bki rood*neediaf .
0 plating. Wholesale
r_ to
avrnt,|5.Writ fordrenUr .
.4 *. II.E.DE'.. O Manufacture of Blank Books .Cviurbuti' ,U-

Notice to shippers anti Other Interested.On .

;'TL': a Specialty. March the ist ult. I disposed of my interestin Clark's Cutaway S


._':. -.. SEND FKDR PRICES DXSPATCH LINE, and am no longer connected I keep in stock seven styles, cutting in width
with that corporation as an official or stock holder. from two ((2)) to six ((6)) feet, at prices from {10.00
J' .. to>31.oo. bend for cats ogue.E. .
Proprietor. EDWARD S. LEVY, S. UUBBARD, Gen. State Agent,
i Chicago, HI. 4.Jt Federal Poiat, pit.



I H.(

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The magnificent Steamships of this Line are appointed -

,: to sail as follows, Galling at Charleston, S. C., .

both ways : f
From New York. From Jacksonville,
(Pier 29 E. R.) STEAMER Florida.

u Friday. May 27th at 3 p. M....... .IROQUOIS,". .......Thursday, June 2d, at 10:30 A. M j4.
Wednesday June 1st, at 3 P.M... .. "ALGONQUIN.Tuesday, JuneJune 7th, at 2x: >o p. M
Friday, June 3d Jat3 P. )[...... "CHEROKEE" ...Thursday, 9th at 230 p. M
Tuesday June 'th, at 3 P. M....... "SEMINOLE" ......Sunday June 12th at 5:00: A. MQX)0
Friday, June loth, at 3 P. )[........ IROQUOIS". .....Thursday June 16th, at : A. M f .q j'rt
Tuesday, June uth at 3 p. M...... ""ALGONQUIN,"; .....Sunday June 19th at 12:00: N'N r.
Friday, June I7th at 3 P. M...... ." CHEROKEE," .....Thursday, June ijd at 2:30 r. M
Tuesday, June 21st, at 3 P.M.. .. ."IROQUOIS." Sunday, June 26th, at 5:30: A. M
Friday June 24th, at 3 P. M...... "ALGONQUIN," .....Thursday, June 3oth, at 10.00: A. M :!
Tuesday, June 28th, at 3 P. M .. "CHEROKEE," .....Sunday, July 3d, at nyo A. M

For Sanford, Enterprise! and intermediate points on St. Johns River. The Elegant Iron Side-
Wheel Steamer FRED'K DEBARY," Capt. W. A. Shaw, is appointed to sail from Jacksonville Sun-
days, Tuesdays and Thursdays, at 3:30 p. m. Returning leave Sanford MondaysVednesda>sand
Fridays, at 9 a. m.; Enterprise 9:30 a. m. '
SOUTHBOUND SCHEDULE. NORTHBOUND. : Stear11et.: Jolxxx: GrIS Christopher
Leave.. 3:30: p. M...... .... ............. ....Jacksonville.............................Arrive 11:45 P. M APPOINTED TO SAIL
BXXJ: p. M. ... 7:00 p. M FROM JACKSONVILLE.
? 1.30 A. M..\ ................................... 200: P. bi FROM NEW YOKK.
I' 2:45 A. Francis............................... II 1245 P.o[ Thursdays May 19 and June 2. Fridays, May 27 and June io.Thiaatratttahiphas1I'VIIbUilt .
:: 5:00: A. M................... .... ...Beresford............................... :: 11:45 A. M ami and is
6:00: A. M. SpringsArrive ........... ............... .... II-.OO A. M ,especially.,,, for ctirrt/lug J'ritit York 1'eyetables,
ml Xew 7:! hnur
j 8:00 A. M.San fold................ ........ ....... 9:00: A. M perfectly ventilated.W. Tl".IJf'tt' Jacksonville it
9:15A. M.... ... ............... .....Enterprise........... .................. 9:30: A. M H. CHRISTOPHER,' W. A. SOMERVILLE, JNO. G. CHRISTOPHER

General Passenger and Ticket Office, 88 West Bay St., Jacksonville. Agent, Jacksonvil Agent Pier New 49,York.East River. Gen'l Man'r,Jacksonrille.

JOHN L. IIOW4tR1), Florida Freight Agent, foot Laura Street, Jacksonville Fla.
}<'. 1\1. IRONMONGER, Jr., Florida Passenger Agent 8S West Bay St.. Jacksonville, Fla.
1\IAnSIIALL II. CLYIE, Assistant Traffic Manager 5 Bowling Green New York.1Y. LINE.Time
F. OGDEN FAY, Traveling Passenger Agent, 88 West Bay Street. SAVANNAH .
TII);O. G. EftKlt, Traffic Manager, 5 Bowling Green. New York.J. .
A. LESLIE, Superintendent, foot Laura Street Jacksonville, Fla.
53 to 55 hours between Savannah, New York and Philadelphia, and

WM. P. CLYDE & CO., Gen'l Agents, between Boston and .Savannah, 65 to 70 hours.

12 South Delaware Avenue, Philadelphia. 5 Bowling Green, Xew York.


PtrZSt3t10 I2tatOtg: : I w
, Bert, Lateatlmproved Cheapest. Our I'trtectluu udt.mplre
Pumpstir the liquid automatically and will(pray 10O Trre*1'er Hour Between Jacksonville and New York: First-class, $25.60 ; Intermediate, $19.00 Excursion, $43.50
We make the Little Gem and ilarfleld KnaputL Sprayers and the Vermarel.floe
.pry nozzle,moat economical.pray aozzle in the world, Also a Horse Power Sprayer at low price. Steerage $12.50. .
WeeU Sulphate of Copper, Part Green and London Purple wholesale price. Catalogue rr .Writ
addressplalnly.ctTlnf.wuntj.FlELD FUILCE PUMP CO.1>*6Brletol ATC.LOCKFOttT.ff, .Y. Jacksonville and Boston : Cabin, $27.00; Intermediate, $::21.00; Excursion, $47.30; Steerage, $I4.n
The magnificent Steamships of this Company are appointed to sail as follows:


ESTABLISHED 187G. [Central or goo Meridian Time.]

City of Birmingham .................... ... ........... .........Wednesday, June xst, 10.00 a.m
City Augusta. June 3d, 12.30 p.mTallallaMliiee.
WILLIAM A. FOURS & CO. June 4th, 1.30 p.m
Kansas June 6th, 3.00 p.m
Chattahoochee ,June 8th, 3.30 a.mXaeoochee.
WHOLESALE June loth, 5.00a.m
City of ItirminKham............ ..................Suturday, June nth, 5.30 p.m
City Augusta. \ ,June 13th, 7.00 p.m
Grain Garden Seeds and Fertilizers Tallahassee ,June 14th, 8.00 p.m
Kansas Friday.;June I7th 10.30 a.mChattahoochee
.Saturday. June 18th, xa.oom
20 WEST BAY STREET JACKSONVILLE FLA. Xacoochee......................Monday, June 20th, 2.00 p.m
y City of llirmliiKham.' June lad: 3.00 a.m
City of Augusta..... ... Friday,June 24th, 5.00 a.nTallahassee
Kansas [ June 27th 7.00 p.m
Chattahoochee...........................Wednesday,June 29th, 9.00 a.m
Hay Corn Oats Flour Bran Wheat Grits Meal

COTTON SEED MEAL Both Bright and Dark. City of Macon ,June 2d, 11.30 a.m
Gate Thursday, June 9th, 4.30p.m
City of ) Thursday,June 16th, 9.308.01
Gate Thursday,June 23d, 4.30 p.m
STATE AGENT FOR PURE GROUND BONE City ofacou ... .. .. . .Thursday,June 30th, 10.00a.m
J. E. Tygart & Co.'s ,
Star Brand Fertilizers, ( Ship does NOT Carry Passengers.)

MURIATE OF POTASH })("ssouJ;.............................. ....................... ........Wednesday, June ist, io.ooa.rn
}Deasoug.Saturday,June nth, 5.30 p.mDessoug
Comprising QADst tli.. SULPHATE POTASH June 21st, 3.00 p.m


Savannah Florida and Western Railway ( Short Line),offer to the
Connecting with the Waycross
These Fertilizers,have no superior in the market and a trial w lj convince.neni .
Traveling Public and Shippers advantages equalled by no other line.
Through Ticket and Bills of Lading issued to principal points North, East and Northwest via
Savannah. For information and rooms apply to
B. R. PRICE Soliciting Agent, XV. II. LUCAS, Fla. Pass.Agent, -
GREAT OFFER V1FT : UPRIGHT PIANOS. 77 West Bay Street, Jacksonville. 77 West Bay Street Jacksonville.R. .
Pianos FINEST FACTORY New Pier No. 35 North River, New York. City Exchange Building, Savannah, Ca.
RICHARDSON & BARNARD. Agents, Lewis' Wharf, Boston.W. .
OgDaDSt IN UNITED STATES. L. JAMES, Agent 13 S.Third Street Philadelphia.J. .
$35.Always ready for QUICK SHIPMENTS of Finest 1>. IIASHAGEN, Eastern Agent, Sav., Fla. &Western Ry.Co., 261 Broadway.N.Y.
On trial ia Pianos and Organs Direct to Your Homes. A. DeW. SAMPSON, General Agent W. E. ARNOLD. Gen.Trav. Pass. Agt., Jacksonville, Fla.
home 306 Washington St., Bon. W. II. RHETT General Agent,
,I jour before From REV.J AS M. POTTS D. D. editor of Mich- For Tickets apply to S., F. & W. Railway office. 317 Broadway, New York.
paying fo; igan Christian Advocate.Detroit.Mich.: "To say that
wem. we are delighted with the Piano does not
Addreu the fact. We If all instruments you need stationery of any k.lnd-paper
are jubilant
your DO and ink? If send to D*Costa Priat- ALE SICKLY-:
The T.8w o ep & Son Pianos & OrgtUd are as fine in appearance and as pleasing in tone as pens so,
BEAVER FALLS PA this one, your patrons will rise by the hundred." ing and Publishing House,JacksonvWe, Fla ___

From PROF. E. II. PECK Valhermoso Springs, Ala.: "We could not be pleased better with
tltecasing: or tone; quick in response and melodious. In short we are highly pleased with the organ." UJOIll1C CHllDlir[
From B. D. GRIGGS II r Adairsville, Ga.: "I am welt pleased with the organ in every respect. It is MEI I SUPPLIESIIKmdt.Wattr: :::::,Go*.OH) .
all you claim it to be. Pump-
object to SPASMS uemo.t llk lr tronW 4 ...
From Y. M. C. A., per]. G. COOLEY lIilt5-boro, N. c.: "The organ gives entire satisfaction. Wlnd&StnmMack't..f*CfC/op <*Vi Sit. tht.ti 1Ye r
Jtvery one who has seen it IS very much pleased with the instrument and the price on the same." The American Well Workjt Aurora,UL t I WORMS.B.A.FAHNEstoc '
From BEN. F. STEELE, Prescot. Ark.: 'Mr family) wen pleased In every respect with the H-ISS.CAHAI.ST.CHICAGO.ILL.I iu Been807eantnu e&DdneYerfa"a.oil g ner
**"" ONe*
orgmn. How you sell them so cheap is s wonder ELM S rll/tar/ .DALLAS TEXAS f > I IIArt7&h&Ub"1n1tlalunB.; ..&


. .








CJ1i.oago Bono Meal, .
and $one,
Pure Fh:1e: round Bone, Dark: and Bright: Cotton Seed Meal,

: .' An.iDI.a.1: Bone and Po-tash., 0130.000 Stems: ,

Blood, Bono and o1a..sh: Canada Hard Wood Ashes,

,"'I Pu.1V'erized Animal: : Bono, Su.1.pha-te of Potash, &0.




GEO. :E. WILSON, 50 West Bay Street, Jacksonville, Fla.

President. VIce-PresIdent.

H. T. BAYA. THOS. W. CONRAD, By Buying the FERTILIZERS that are Manufactured by the OLD ESTABLISHED
Cashier. Assistant Cashier. .

CflPITflli $100,000.


Respectfully solicits your Deposits, Collections and General

Banking Business.CORRESPONDENCE I These FERTILIZERS are made especially for the f .

: 'INVITED Orange Vegetable and Pineapple Growers of Florida;, .

;. '. Southern Offi;je and Warehouse at Jacksonville, Florida. -


John L. Marvin, A. B. Campbell, Chas. Marvin, O. B. WEEKS, State Agent,
. I" Jas. P. Taliaferro, T. W. Roby, Judge R. B. Archibald,
W. B. Clarkson, C. B. Rogers, W. M. Davidson, No. 8 Bostwick Block.
" .f Dr. H. Robinson. John E. Hartridgo.

TO ALL BUYERSOF Catalogue describing our Fertilizers!, with prices and testimonials, sent free

A' OF upon application.

GIVE:: XJS A .rRIAr..n:
.. -


k .. all fowls sent
by express,
r ?M will go at one-half the former .
r rates-a great saving to my cus
,- tomers. This is by special arrangement Bowker'sOrange
and is confined to .
;. v fowls from my
'' 7)/ We are the Largest breeders of
,-. thoroughbred, poultry in Florida.
Come and see our stock or send
f' for our illustrated catalogue and Grower.
L- f price list of 14 varieties
,,. Poultry supplies of all kinds. I
4 Incubators and Brooders, Shell
4- and Bone Mills, Clover Cutters.
+ Wire ,Desiccated Fish and '
f' Boiled Netting Blood and Bone to make FIRM FRUIT that holds on until it is ..

.s : hens lay. BRIGHT ; a strong, healthy, vigorous growth of r

T EGGS TO HATCH. both tree and fruit are the results reported by large
.- E. W. AMSDEN,
and experienced planters in Florida who are using
-" Ormond, Fla
this popular Fertilizer. It supplies to the.tree at the

NURSERIES OF THE proper_ time, in the proper form, and in the proper

Milwaukee Florida Draqge CD. proportions maturity. ,all the elements to bring perfect vBOWKERS healthy

Selected strains of Choicest Varieties of Citrus Fruit Trees a Specialty. *
Budding-Wood for sale at all times. VEGETABLE GROWER and BOWKER'S ToBACCO
Our stock is large and complete. PROMPT ATTENTION TO CORRESPONDENCE.For .
GROWER also Fertilizers
are special complete ,
Catalogue and Price-Ust address
carefully and scientifically compounded for the purposes
Manager Dunedin Fla.
mentioned, and are extensively used in Florida. Bow-

FOR SALE combination for those requiring these ingredients.

KIAIEI Chemicals at market rates. I
or would exchange for bearing grove and pay "
cash difference Forty acres of rich Pine Ham Send for Illustrated Catalogue, Free.
PIANOS. mock land. Thirty acres cleared, together with
plank causeway K mile long with dock and FERTILIZER ) A. M. BOND, GEN'L ACENT,
UNEQUALLED IN ferry i mile from Grahamville on Ocklawaha BOWKER COMPANY. J I JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA.
River;4 miles from Silver Springs. Address
Tone Touch d
,Workmanship Durability
Baltimore,23 and 24 East Baltimore Street. A. TREADWEL.L-
Yew York, US fifth Are.
Washington;817 Market Space Redding Conn.

+w .it, y -
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