Florida farmer & fruit grower
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055765/00235
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: S. Powers
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: June 2, 1892
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note: Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038466
oclc - 01387403
notis - AKM6256
lccn - sn 95026761
System ID: UF00055765:00235
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen

Full Text


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JACKSONVILLE FLA. JUNE 2 1892. Whole No. 1217
Proprietors. '''01.IV, No. 22.




57 CHATHAM ST., BOSTON. Imported direct from the Azores now ready for delivery. coIV
Price Catalogues of weekly sales furnished IIAYNES, YOUNG & BAILEY, Superintendents, a.g .
on application. P. O. Box 492. ORLANDO, FLA. dJ ...


FLORIDA BARNETT FRUIT BROS.AGENTS,EXCHANGE. s'' Improved Larp[ Purple E EH[[ PlantNow oo.co. cg c.o --.

Offered for the First Time Is Absolutely Pure.
Wholesale Commission, Fruits and Vegetables. v
returns. Stencils Seed of high vitality; plants strong, vigorous and thornlefis; fruit large; dark
Prompt on application.
lie Routh Water Btrcet.Chirp I rich purple color; entirely free from light streaks; weighs 5 to 6 pounds each.A And Building Meterlal.CHARLESTON .

S. C.
SUCCESSORS TO' Packet, 10 cents; J oz., 25 cents; oz., 50 cents; J lb., $1.75;jIb., $6.00. ,
ICG Jteade Street, New York. & CO. BENTON & UPSON
Oranges lemons, Pineapple, and all other
Fruits early truck also dried. fruits,nuts, kJACKSor1vILLkH, FliEt.,

furs All etc.consignments promptly remitted for. Stencils WE MAKE THEM !
and market reports furnished free.
References: Bradstreets,and established merchants IRRIGATING
and banks of the South. WHAT ARE THEY?

LILLY I & WHOLESALE CO., The Virginia Ventilated Fruit CarriersFOR MACHINERY


No. 41-6 Baskets: three-quarter Bushel. No. 34-IG-quart gift crate.
GENERAL No. 42-i one-half Bushel.No. I No. 36-32- Bo-ra
No. 3032standard crate.
Send for catalogues,prices and samples. Steam and Horse Power.
218 King Street Chattanooga Tenn.
Consignments i Solicited. SOUTH SIDE MFG. CO., Petersburg, Va.


AMERICAN EXOTIC NURSERIES.. Southernmost Establishment in U. S. Pipe, Pipe Fitting, Brass

.ewn.ef Valve Hose Etc. -
Jfevft Rare and Elegant Plants of Every l.4 I a ESTABLISHED 1883. ,
Rare new fruits;Shrubbery;Ornamental plants-Palms,Orchids,Ferns,
Palms, Orchids, Cacti and Bamboos. = l Bamboos, Cactus,Conifers,Aquatics. Stock safely shipped over the whole WRITE FOR ESTIMATES.
Shade and ornameatal trees and shrubs for South o1 world. Fine illustrated catalogue of 100 pages sent on receipt of ice. Clean,
ern lawns the and greenhouse gardens. or Choice conservatory.exotic plantsfor $OOR4; healthy stock. low prices.1REASOXER PEARS FOR PROFIT IN THE 50UTH.I


in all the leading varieties budded from bearing JENNINGS NURSERY CO.
grounds and ,
trees on our own guar-
anteed true to name. THOMASVILLE, GA.
All the New and Desirable Tropical JOHN CLARK, SON & CO.,
Fruits. Our 88 page Illustrated and Descriptive Six days earlier than
Catalogue for 1892 tells all about these things,and eci any variety te ted attbe"
is sent free to applicant Address Gn'' Agrlcn't'1 Ex. Grouvds
Seven Oaks Fla.FOULTRY gveenlsbwblte lender tweet and pulp deilrloua. >
tr The olJlYlI'rapetbat
ranki first boinlnearlloets
fO DW1fJt
DEALERS IN---- and qua lit jr.
_; Lash Tine sealed with

Coal, Hay, Grain, Wines, Liquors, Cigars, Tobacco, Etc.SAcnSO ;IV y",HK limn" *-r. Information.our mark registered label.Agent Bend wanted trade tortWcut.r.

:: "c1rHUI STEPttV '*OVT'* hGls'S. New Canaan.Cfc
; : :: :' ILLE P IdA.

Trade Mark. LjFEC Q

Will Make Chickens Grow I .: 75 Martin Bye.$3 00
AND GOOD FOR MOULTING FOWLS. Orange Valley.......................... 2 00 : Glades ........................ 4 00
fresh meat carefully SIrlnIYallpy...... ..................... 2 5O tJ.( Bourbon ............................ 5 00
This food is strictly
North Carolina Corn................... 2 50 Sour Marsh .... ............ 5 00
cooked, ground fine seasoned and hermetically Clifton Club ............ ............... Baker................... ......... 5 00
sealed in 8-lb. cans. Being ground fine it can I aiontroae Velvet................. SG 00 a eF
be readily mixed with soft food and fed so as to: r
I two three gallon, Remit by post office money
Price cents Jugs Extra: One gallon 250.; gallon soc.; 75C.
give each fowl an equal share. 30 order.check or registered letter. We cannot ship C.O.D. to dry tf wn*.
4 per can; 13.00 per dozen. Address HOLUS A complete,price list of Groceries. and Wine List,tent free on application.!
Boston,Mass. [Mention paper.] .-_I" E I JOHN CLARK, SON & CO. satrUll wore WIU PUCE c0..CUICAJO

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will destroy the SPIDER which, is.causing the fruit and leaves to drop and

in many cases killing the limbs.It .

will kill the MOVING SCALE. This is the hatching period and now is the time to spray.It .

will destroy the RUST MITE, of which Hubbard found 60,000 on a single leaf, thereby saving the cost of feeding. such an enor-

mous mass of insect life, and by their destruction secure bright fruit.

It will not only prevent the oranges from rusting, but give them a bright, sparkling color that can be obtained in no other way.

': It will cure FOOT ROT and prevent infection and spreading.
It will destroy FUNGUS and LICHEN GROWTH, giving the trees a healthy appearance.It .

will, as Mr.A-rline (Axline & Markely, Cincinnati) says, return you ten dollars for every one that it will cost.


r .
One.Quart in 50 Gallons of Water is Sufficient. Spraying Outfits in Great Variety at Manufacturers' Prices.

'0 E. BEAN, Jaolcsorxvill:.. 131i.'s ..




Is tht most effective compound yet discovered for destroying the insects infesting the orange tree, and is a sovereign

remedy foi the various forms of fungi on trees and plants. Being free from all substances of a caustic, corrosive or pois-

onous natul, it can be handled with perfect safety to the person, and applied to the trees at any stage of growth without

insecticide has been used by some of the largest orange growers in the State during the past two years, and has

given. perfect satisfaction. References furnished on application.
For Rust Mite use one quart to fifty gallons of water. When used at this strength the trees should be sprayed for

the l Rust Mite twice a month through the season. Where labor constitutes the principal item of expense in spraying treesit

is better and cheaper to use the Insecticide at full strength, viz.: One gallon of solution to 50 gallons of water, as the
fumes from the Insecticide will kill the Rust Mite even if the solution should not happen to touch them. In using the

Insecticide at this strength it will save three or four sprayings through the season, thereby reducing the cost from one-

third to one-half.: This is an Advantage Possessed by no Other Preparation of Sulphur. If used in this manner it

_will also kill the other insects that may be moving on the trees.

For Red Spider and Scale, use one gallon to fifty gallons of water. General directions for using sent on application.

Price 20c. Per Gallon, in barrels. If there is no agent in your vicinity, write for price delivered.

Spraying Apparatus furnished to our customers at cost. .

; McMASTER & MILLER, San Mateo and Citra, Fla.





4I = : The Great Fast Express Freight System of the South.

The attention of shippers is directed to the Plant S. S.Line between Havana, Key West and Tampa, and South Florida Railway between Tampa and Sanford;S., F. &W. Ry.between Jacksonville
Gainesville, Bainbridge, River Junction and Savannah;Savannah and Charleston,and Ocean Steamship Line between Savannah, Philadelphia, Boston and New York, and Merchants and Miners
Transportation Company between Savannah and Baltimore. The best equipped,fastest and most prompt lines between all points in Florida and all points North and Northwest.
Receivers and Shippers Will Profit by the Following Uuparalleled Connections:
.. Double:=daily fast freight service for all points West via Albany, Jesup, Bainbridge and Double daily fast freight service from all points North and West via Albany, Bainbridge,Jesap
Savannah. and Savannah to all points in Florida; fast freight trains both via Gainesville,Jacksonville,Callahan -
Daily fast freight all rail connection via the Atlantic Coast Line to all Eastern, interior and and Live tak
Coast points,including New York,Boston, Philadelphia,Baltimore Washington and Providence. Four ships a week by the fleet steamships of the Ocean Steamship Company, sailing from New
Four connections a week for New York via Ocean Steamship Company, leaving Savannah York(New Pier 35 North River,)direct for Savannah Monday,Wednesday, Friday and Saturday.The .
Mondays,Wednesdays, Fridays and Saturdays.Two Boston and Savannah Steamship Company's steamers will leave Boston 2,9,16,23 and
connections a week for Baltimore,via Merchants' and Miners' Transportation Company, ,30 for Savannah direct,making connection on the dock at Savannah with fast freight trains for all
leaving. Savannah every Wednesday and Saturday. points in Florida.
Connections for Boston via Boston and Savannah Steamship>>Company, leaving_Savannah June From Philadelphia via Ocean Steamship Co.,leaving Philadelphia June 6,a6,s6,every five day
a,9,t6,23 and 30.Connections. from regular sailing day via New York to Savannah.
for Philadelphia every ten days via Ocean Steamship Company, leaving Savannah From Baltimore via Merchants and Miners'Transportation Co., every Tuesday and Frida,.
June i, it,ai. making close connection with S.,F.&W.Ry.,for all points in Florida.
Bailing days for Steamships are subject tochan without notice.
The Florida Dispatch Line is the quickest and best freight routs from all points North, East and West to Florida. For full particulars, rates, stencils and chipping
rtMlpts apply to any agents of the above lines, or to W3I. P. HARD :E, Gen'l Freight Agent, Savannah, Ga, ,
0.:>>. OWENS,Traffic Manager, Savannah, Ga. 'r''. B.. PAPY.. Astt., Traffic- .Manag, er, Savannah, Ga. W.'M.' DAVIDSON, Gen'l Passenger Agt.,Jacksonville,...la.J. .
'Iora J. P. JORDAN, Tray. Agent, Quincy* E. DRAYTON, Trav. Agent Jacksonville.



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rode and Orchard. wood is said to be very hard and val- I have no reason to doubt their relia- remedy I have heard of for blight is to
uable for any mechanical work when bility. dissolve a pound ball of potash in a
THE MANGO. toughness or elasticity are required.The The fruit ships well. It has been barrel of water and apply to each tree
tree gives evidence of living to a shipped successfully and profitably; once a week for four to six weeks.
Pinellas Tropical Fruit Growers' great age. The fact that we who from the west coast of Florida to Chi- What would you advise in place of
Association. plant the mango may reasonably cago. We may reasonably anticipatethat ball potash? Would not sulphate of
Editor Farmer and Fruit-G rower: pect to plant for our grandchildren, it can be put down profitably in potash in large quantities be better?
That means that the mango growers adds greatly to the value of. the tree all our northern markets as soon as i it Please answer at once so that I can
have organized for the purpose of in- for culture. can be produced in sufficient quantities treat the trees at once.
troducing and marketing this superiorfruit FRUIT OF THE MANGO. for shipment. As far as tried C. B. MAGRUDER.\ :
on modern co-operative princi- upon the west coast, the only draw- Rockledge, Indian River.
The is
ples. The three peck, six-baske mango regarded by those back to the successful culture of the It would have been better if you
crate will probably be adopted; each most familiar with it as among the mango is the occasional freezes, but could have hauled the muck all out at
most valuable of all fruits. It is a delicious -
crate will hold ten to twelve dozen. the success has been so great there once and scattered it where wanted;
The fruit will all be prepared at a fruit in its raw state-few haveto that, notwithstanding the cold, thou repeated handlings go far to increasethe
learn like it. In its native
to homeit
packing-house. One man will ship i it sands of trees have been planted since expense and counterbalance the
all, and one man will receive it all in becomes a staple article of food. It the winter of 18856.AS benefits arising from its use. You may
each place. The marketing expenses is made into preserves and jellies. TO SOIL AND CLIMATE.: flatten the large pile out, leaving it
will be taken out and the balance will Glucose and even starch are said to One feature in this case makes it two or three feet thick, and sprinkle A
be divided among the growers and. have been manufactured from it. of practical moment to us, and for sulphate of potash over it three or
members, pro rata. Our mangos will Domestic animals are fed on it, and this reason especially do I call your four inches thick, and let it lie six '
not be kept at home, like a light un- thrive when they can get access to it. attention to the mango to-day. The months, or until the rainy season is
der,a half bushel la Home Market The numerous uses to which the fruit that time the will
a tree seems peculiarly adapted to a ; over. By potash
to rot on the ground ; nor will they insurance can be applied at home give certain high, dry, sandy soil, where the yellow be pretty well leached down throughit.
be sacrificed at auction in the "dis against any possible waste sand abounds, and, according to Do not attempt to shovel it over
tributing centres," a la Fruit Ex. of the crop. Mr. ReasonePs statements, grows and compost it with anything; it will
change; but they will be sent to market The fruit varies greatly in quality, more luxuriantly, fruits earlier and make the muck cost you more than it
like a negro would see proper to take I: both in its native home and in the more prolifically than upon shell is worth before you get it finally spread
his turnips, cabbage, potatoes or eggs. West Indies. The common mango, banks, the rocky soil of the keys, or under the trees.
We think we are getting smart-smart while generally accepted as a valuable -any clay soil of the tropics. We have Pursue a similar course with the
enough to send our fruit to the peo- and even delicious fruit, is filled right here, the loose, dry, sandy, soil, muck which you have had scattered .
ple, and not wait and trust to them to with a fibre that detracts much from with a yellow sub-soil-a narrow and under the trees. Sprinkle it with sulphate
come, or send here for it. I am not its value. The better and more improved not very long strip of land, which, of potash at the rate of 600
dead if I am blue, and you shall have varieties are represented as from all our present available knowl-- pounds per acre, and let it lie throughthe
the mortification of hearing from me comparatively or entirely free from edge, as far as soil goes, is just adapted rainy season. If it is in lumps
again. this fibre. The writer has been told to the culture of the mango. Whenwe and they do not dissolve, drive a roller
THE MANGO TREE.I by one who was familiar with the add to this fact that south of the over it in dry weather and mash them
beg to.offer you the following gen- mango in India that the Bombay, or, Caloosahatchee, or the west coast, down. Then cut it into the soil with
eral information, which is correct, ac- as they call it, "grafted mango," is esteemed and from Indian River inlet south, the cutaway harrow advertised in our
cording to the best of my knowledgeand the most desirable of all varie on the east coast, we have no reasonto columns.As .
belief: ties. This name, "the grafted man fear hard frost, it is evident we to orange blight, the only per.
The tree has a round, symmetricalhead go," suggests the work and the possi- have clearly defined the mango belt son that we know of who has ever
and with its long, pendant, bilities that are before us if we make of Florida. WM. P. NEELD. stated that he had cured it was Dr.
glossy green leaves, it is always a mango culture a success here.Ve Henry Foster. At the Ormond meet
strikingly beautiful object for the should seek, at the earliest possible Muck-Orange Blight. ing of the State Horticultural Society
grove or lawn. The peculiar modeof day, to secure the best varieties of this Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower he had a brief paper read, giving ball
its growth makes the mango espe- fruit. In this respect we ought to takea We are suffering with extreme potash, dissolved in water, as his rem-
cially attractive. It makes from two front position. The large number of drouth and the red spider in the edy. (See the issue of May 19.) The
to ten new growths during the year, varieties already advertised give the groves. I am taking advantage of the Government expert, Mr. W. T,
and the young leaves of the new most undoubted evidence of a tendency dry weather, and running my truck Swingle, acknowledged himself unableas
growth have at first, and until nearlyof I to depart from the original and two carts hauling thoroughly rot- yet to cope with the malady. Most
full size, a rich wine color which type."r e ought to expect this, and ted vegetable muck from a bog adjoining : "ball potash" nowadays is nothing but
gradually goes through all intermediate put ourselves in a position to profit my grove. I am dumpingthree caustic soda, which is substituted for
shades to the mature glossy green; by it.Under cart loads to each tree, and piling the potash because it is cheaper. We
then almost immediately, if the tree favorable circumstances, as cords of it at the end of the tram would suggest that you procure some
is well cared for, new terminal buds to soil and climate, the tree is an early with the truck. Will you please ad- genuine caustic potash and expenment.
form for another growth. and prolific bearer. The trees are saidto vise me of the very best plan of treat with it cautiously.-ED.
The tree ultimately reaches an immense frequently bear fruit at four years ing the muck. What shall I use in > .
,size. It has been stated that old. The first two trees planted on composting the large pile? Shall I The people. of Biscayne Bay have
in some of the West India islands, the west coast of Florida fruited at four use lime and salt, acid phosphate and gotton up an earnest petition to the
avenues of these trees, planted sixty and five years old, and these two trees, sulphate of potash or what and in Plant Investment Company to place a
feet apart, interlock their branches, at eight years old, were estimated to what proportion? After scattering the steamer suitable for the mail and
while their bodies are four feet throughat have upon them 12,000 mangos. One muck among the trees, what shall I freight traffic between the Bay andKey
the base. The leaves are ever- grower upon the west coast, from apply to it and how dispose of it? West. Nearly three hundred
green, lanceolate, eight to fifteen eleven trees at four years from the Shall I turn it under with a plow, hoeit property owners have signed the petition -
inches long and two to three inches seed, sold $219 worth of fruit. An- in, or simply harrow it over? and they are being aided by the
broad, and when mature of a dark, other grower, from the product of a Among old bearing trees, on land Key West merchants, over a hundredof
glossy, green color, and the tree, with six year old tree, realized $66. These that was cropped for ten years among whom have prepared and signed a
its ever varying wine-colored plumes, statements are made on the authorityof the young trees, now twenty years old, paper to the same effect, promising avery
becomes a very attractive object either P. W. Reasoner, in his report to some of them unfortunately are affected liberal support if a good servicebe
upon the lawn or in the grove. The the Commissioner of Agriculture, and with blight. The most effectual > established.


preme moment for pruning the vine. not surpass the Jamaican-grown fruitin
'111e 1line aud.: In the ordinary practice, as above described The lVineII)'. flavor, as is the case with all varie-

- ...... -.".- -'" I assert and maintain that ties imported into our sand. Then,
Edited by E. DUBOIS Tallahassee, Fla. this propitious time to begin pruningis Edited by JOHN B. :&EACIIIotto, Fla. within four days of the market, in
before and not after blossoming. I ventilated fruit cars, we will have a
Summer Pruning. Bost Varieties for Florida.Of .
pinch off an inch of the end of the still better chance to give consumersa
. I enclose herewith a few clippings canes as soon as they have grown to all the foreign pineapples which superior quality of fruit by picking
which I think would prove of some either three or four or five buds, and enter the New York market, we are them quite mature. I, for my part,
interest to your readers. The articleon bear little clusters of grapes, accordingto told the Jamaican Ripley is the finest. am so well pleased with it that I shall
"Summer is the strength of the vine, or the Now, the various Ripleys or Ripley plant all I can obtain this year from
Pruning" particularly
species or variety operated upon. One Queens grown in this State in the past my own plants; but I do not care to
valuable for our Florida grape growers species may develop but two clustersto have been more or less unsatisfactory.Some risk anything but imported stock,
some of whom summer prune a cane. Another may grow five would not bear and some wouldnot whose pedigree I am sure of and can
their vines to death. clusters. Of course very weak vines grow, and some would make no easily trace to Jamaica and not to
E. DUBOIS.I should not be summer pruned at all. slips and some sent out by the Depart- Washington.Our .
this of the ment proved practically identical with stronghold in Florida shouldbe
take it that we will all agree that the By system early pinching
canes cease to lengthen and the ener- the Egyptian Queen, and as a result, choice fruit. Our sandy soil and
object of pruning is to grow fruit and gies of the vine are turned to the development the public have become disgusted with the progressiveness and enterprise of
preserve intact the health and energiesof of fruit instead of wood. the name of Ripley. But as the our planters enable us to make won-
the vine, but in my judgment and The leaves are also enlarged just at legion of Ripleys was so varied andas derful advances in fruit growing and
according to my observation and ex- the points where large, vigorous leavesare different ones differed so widely in accomplish results astonishing to our
perience, neither of these objects is needed to support and develop the the nature of their faults, I have been foreign competitors. In a very few
( fruit, and not alone are the leaves led to infer that none of them were years we have advanced far beyond f'I'"'
promoted the old practice. More upon the main canes so enlarged, but the true Ripley of Jamaica. the English and Spaniards of the West
fruit may be grown by a different sys- the laterals are forced out and their During a trip to the Island a year Indies in our methods and knowledgeof
tem of summer pruning and higher leaves enlarged until there results ago, I visited many plantations of the subject. Though the latter
health of the vine be conserved. And abundance of well-developed leaves, Ripleys and observed that there were have had over a century of practical
we will all again agree that the greatest just at the proper places upon the I two or perhaps three distinct plants experience and the English have spent
vines, to insure the growth and matur- I grown promiscuously in the same field. thousands of pounds in scientific research -
danger that threatens this industry is ity of the increased amount of fruit to One was nearly green in color, while and this without blightingfrosts
the insidious attacks of the various be grown. The old rule was to pinch the other two were deep red and pur- to handicap them. Much of thisis
sporadic diseases during the !eason of the laterals to one leaf, but I allow plish maroon; and these two latter differed due to our natural characteristics,
growth. It has been my uniform ex- several leave to develop and pinch as mainly in the general habit of the the activity, originality and intensitywith
(perience for about fifteen years that they reach toward the top of the trel plant, one seeming more stocky and which an American always
this system of cutting and slashingthe lis. Leaves at the ends of long canes, thrifty with broader, more curving pursues his theme. Then, too, our
vine just at the most critical periodof instead of supporting the developmentof leaves than the other. This class planters are drawn from an intelli-
its annual development is mainlythe fruit, detract from it and impoverish greatly predominated over the other gent, educated class, rather above the
cause of and 'invites the attack of the supply of nutriment for the two; in fact, there were not many of average farmer, so many being obligedby
the several vine diseases known as fruit. But if we wait{ and cut off a the dark plants with the spindlinghabit weak constitutions to stay here
black rot, anthracnose, etc. Now let foot or two of the ends of the canes and not 25 per cent. of the green who would otherwise be in the ranksof
us stop a few moments, look into and after blossoming is over, this supreme sort. I obtained suckers gathered brain-workers at the North.
consider this matter. The vine, under moment of time is forever lost, and promiscuously from a field which ma- Our shipping facilities are unequalledand
natural conditions, is never summer the more we cut off the smaller the tured all these sorts named, as the our market almost unlimited, andas
pruned or its growth checked, but leaves at the important points of development Jamaicans recognize no distinction we produce choicer fruit and more
under cultivation it must be controlled, near the fruit clusters. among them. The green plants do of it we shall be able to reach foreign
and this control must, therefore, comeas Then there is this further advantageby not seem to grow as vigorously as the markets and relieve our own at home.
much as possible, not at the critical this system of early pruning. red ones, and as I can now notice no Our stronghold should therefore be
season, but when the vine dotniant, There is but a minute portion of the difference among the dark plants, I supremacy in quality and to this end
in fall and winter, and it follows that vine sacrificed and thrown away-an am inclined to think my imagination we should always be discarding inferior
what summer pruning must be done inch or two, instead of a foot or two. imposed on me in Jamaica when I varieties and crowding them out
should not be done in a rude way, but Of course no developed leaves sacri- saw this third type. with better. Before many years the
to prevent the least possible interference ficed, all the strength and energies of Thirty per cent. of these year-old Egyptian Queen will} have entirely
with the vine's natural growthand the vine are thus maintained and plants are now in fruit and I can no- superceded the Red Spanish on this
development. And in doing this turned to good account, and but little tice quite a difference already in plant coast and will in its turn become
pruning we must study the several shock or check to future growth is and fruit in favor of the dark leaved crowded out by larger fruit of supe-
organs of the vine and its economies, given and consequent weakening or sort. Abbakkas, two years old, side rior flavor, as the Ripley, Cayenneand
so as not to do violence to its vital enervation of health avoided.Vine- by side by these year-old plants are Abbakka. Perhaps some day we
functions. And again, I opine we yardist. I bearing fruit not perceptibly larger nor may teach the Cayenne to produce
will agree that all the enormous activ- earlier and of a less graceful shape slips, the Ripley and Abbakka to
ities of the vine are and must be car- Cure for Orange Blight. than the tall conical Ripley. Now discard their thorns and the Abbakkasand
ried on through and by its leaves or Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: the fruit of the Ripley is undeniablyof Cayennes to assume the symctri-
the foliage. Here, then, is the vital A year ago last winter we treated more popular flavor than the Cay- calcone and become more "sprightlyand
point of the whole matter. Never some trees in the following manner : enne, being more "sprightly and vin- vinous;" but until we can arrangeone
rudely sever the canes or cut off the On some we cut off the most of the ous," to use an expression coined by of these alterations it will be a
developed leaves or foliage of the vine, top, and last season a vigorous growthof referees at citrus fairs, meaning that matter of grave question which of
for the moment this is done the vine's sprouts came out that looked strong there is a more agreeable combinationof the three is the king of the pinery.
nervous (if I may use the expression) and healthy. Last winter we cut out the various fruit acids sufficiently But I conclude for my part, reversingthe
energies and functions are disturbed, all the remaining old wood, leaving neutralized with a pleasant mixture of old adage, "the cheapest is the
its health endangered, debility follows only a few of the most promising sugar. best." JOHN B. BEACH.
and disease is invited and if the sprouts to form the top of the tree. The fruit is about as large as the > .
weather be at all unpropitious disaster Up to this time they are doing well Cayenne, and of more attractive, or- Mr. I: M. Auld, of Orlando, and
comes on apace. and show no sign of sickness. With namental appearance. It is very pro- Chairman of the Prohibition party of
But here at this point all dissent lific of slips and suckers which last
you others we cut the whole top off, downto Florida, has announced the establish-
and say we must summer prune. about one foot above the originalbud. quality places it far ahead of the Cayenne ment of a newspaper in New Smyrna,.
True, very true, you are right; I en- Nearly every one so treated as a general field crop. The Volusia county.
tirely agree with you. The mannerof have died.During. fruit is of superior flavor and large I .
pruning is the question. I do not the past winter we have size; has the beautiful, clear "com- For Tired BrainUse
call it pruning. I only pinch in a topped another batch back to about plexion," if we may so term it, of the Ilorsford's Acid Phosphate.Dr. .
half, or at most, an inch of the tips of one foot from the bud. Cut back all Egyptian Queen, the ornamental O. C. Stout, Syracuse, N. Y.,
the canes, and I do this continuouslyuntil lateral roots to a distance of about shape of the Sugar Loaf, and stands says: "I gave it to one patient who
growth ceases or the canes cease three feet from the tree or stump. seven days in the hold of a steamer was unable,to transact the most ordinary -
to lengthen. As there is said to be a .They are now showing a fine, healthy from Jamaica to New York. The business, because his brain was
supreme moment in each human life growth. plants evince all the vigor and pro 'tired and confused' upon the least
in which fortune is made or marred, C. S. BROWN & Co. lificness of the Egyptian Queen, and mental exertion. Immediate benefit,
so there is but one opportune and su 'aIatb. there seems no reason why they:should I and ultimate recovery followed.




-- --

]VIatrl\eMIlg. there be no other or better organization of utter strangers to dispose of without with all of these questions of the transportation ; -

let the orange growers all unite limitation or control. Is it possibleto and sale. If they get their

Corporations. upon the chartered institution knownas conceive of greater folly ? He money in it, they will turn every stoneto

the Florida Fruit Exchange, which would not for a moment listen to a get it out with profit. The grower
At the Ormond of the State I
Horticultural meeting I is an association of orange growers, i proposition to dispose of other prop- will naturally inquire, with a sale of

Society two papers were I officered and managed entirely in the erty by the same methods. An or- but 5 per cent. of the last season's
read O. P. Rooks and E. Bean
chairmen by of the committees interest of orange growers, with an ange grower would run a man off from fruit at home, how are we going to get

on trans- authorized capital stock of $300,000, his place who should come solicitinghim the buyers here ? Your committee

portation and marketing respectively.These and which has had eight years of to send his horse or mule to New would reply, that if you do not ship it

topics are almost inextricably practical experience. Let each grower York or Philadelphia to sell on com out that the buyers will come. This
blended. Both these
of gentlemen subscribe to its capital stock, there mission, and yet he will without hesi- fruit has a fixed place in the market,

opposed consignment, but one would by becoming identified in its control, tation send 1,000 boxes of oranges the people want it, and the trade must

work against this system through organizations and thus giving it power to make sat- that should be worth $1,500, to be have it, and if they understand that
while the
or corporations, isfactory contracts with existing disposed of as the receiver sees fit. they must buy it, if they are to have it,
other advocates the sell-at-
strictly transportation lines, or if that cannot It is not the purpose of your committee THEY WILL SURELY COMEas
home We the
principle. .present be done then to.charter and controlits to attack the personnel of the this shall be
main of each first giving soon as ,
arguments ,
own lines of steamships to trans men to whom this product is sent. In will be
\ Rooks' capital supplied, large packing'houses
Major position:
port their fruit to market. the main they are as honorable and erected and the business will

AGGREGATIONS OF POWER. This seems to your committee the upright as those engaged in other lines take shape here as it has elsewhere.In .

The tendency now in every direc- only practical solution of the trans- of trust, but it is the system which is the judgment of your committee,

tion is toward aggregation of capital. portation problem. open to severe criticism.THE this is a matter entirely within the con.

Large establishments are swallowing RAILROAD COMMISSION.We FRUIT MUST GO. trol of the producer, but i it must be-by

up small ones on every side. Sub also most earnestly urge the reestablishment The commission men have two dis general consent. If a considerable

division of capital can hardly secureus of a Florida railroad tinct objects to attain. They must portion is sent out for sale, the_ buyer

now the bare cost of living. Combinations commission, as the only bar before secure the consignment, and must will not have the confidence to come,
the order of'the and
are day, which the shippers' rights can be then have the means of promptly dis for no man or men can meet a consignment

popular sentiment is gradually accept heard and enforced as against the posing of them, they must have the competition. Numbers have

ing the situation as a foregone conclusion transportation lines now doing busi- trade. They cannot handle large tried, including the chairman of your
that sub divisions of industries
ness in our State. The railroad com- amounts of perishable goods, unless committee all without exceptionhave

stand no chance against organizationsin mission of Florida has been abolished, they have the customers ready to take come to grief more or less poig

one direction. Organization and while in our sister State of Georgiathe them. They must therefore sell themat nant. It must be either a sale at

co-operation is the one instrument now railroad commission has been up. the lowest possible prices, at which home or a consignment and sale
and made of
generally recognized use held by the strong arms of the people such goods can be bought, the only abroad. The latter has had fifteen
in successful business affairs. Fruit
and strengthened by decrees of the check being that if they sell at too lowa years with failure all along the road.

and vegetable growers must organizeand Inter State Commerce Commissionuntil price they may lose the consignor in Would it not be well, therefore, to try
co-operate that they may it has becomea power to regulate consequence. Surrounded as theyare the former? Your committee are of

existing lines of transportation and be traffic and rates in that State.A by numerous competitors, having the firm opinion that the business

dealt with upon a business basis. Individuals i recent issue of the Atlanta Con- goods at their command, in which would improve at once with this

are helpless and,can do noth stitution said: "So wisely and well their only interest is the amount of method in vogue. All fears of over-

ing.The were the affairs of the Georgia com- the commission, it is not strange that production would be groundless and
bane and of the
curse present mission administered that many addi-- frequent low prices have to be ac- disappear.
situation is that there is
no power tional powers were granted it from cepted in order to hold a valued customer IN NO OTHER LAND.
that make terms
among producers can time to time and now it has to and it is comparatively to
with transportation lines, or that can power easy Your committee will add that of all
companies and sleep- to the consignor that the lot
thousand shippers from ship- express : report the orange producing districts, eitherat
prevent I
ing car corporations. was a little off a little and il
wasty, home abroad Florida is the
ping all to New York the same weekor I or onlyone
all to Chicago the same day. CONSIGNMENT.It the grower complains, he can truth- that attempts to market its prod-

is a well established law that fully say that they obtained all they uct by sending it out on consignment.In .
CAPITAL NEEDED. could and have sent the full amount
competition among the producers or Italy, Spain, the Azores, Brazil,
The fruit growers must not only less express and commission. Havana Mexico
their agents must of necessity ruin ,
come together and pledge each otherto prices. The plan of promiscuous CORPORATIONS USELESS.It Louisiana, the crop is sold to deal-
work in all matters of be that such
together can readily seen a who their
shipping to commission men, who ers, manipulate to meet
common interest, but they must put compete against each other in the sale system is not calculated to enhancethe various requirements. In view of the

up their money to make these pledgesof value of a given product, and so dismal and failure which
of our fruit in the market, has in the costly we
any binding effect or practical: past despoiled the grower of millionsof long as at present so, improvement have made, is it not now time for us
value. be Great efforts have
hard-earned money, and if contin- may expected. to join the procession ?
Organizations not based cor- been made to the threatened
upon prevent E. BEAN.
ued, with the certainty of annually
porate power and backed by moneyare increasing will ultimately ruin disaster by organization, justly reason-
but ropes of sand. The impor- crops, ing that if this great production couldbe
the growing industry of
tance of each fruit and vegetable grower great State.orange controlled and passed through one
taking a personal money interestin channel, it would solve the problem,
Does it not seem astounding to us
some compact organization of his but with it coming from 12,000 to 15,-'
that where we are all engaged in the
own, cannot be too strongly urged. 000 individual growers, with their di- 1"I7fOutfit
same industry, that instead of coming
The benefits gained by the organiza- together and using our capital as a versified interest and opinions, each :
tions known as the Florida Fruit Exchange one of which has been for himself,
unit, we should regard each other as
Orange Growers' Union and first last and organizationhas
rivals, and by consigning our fruit to
Home Market well .
are not a prospect.The
commission houses into the marketto
There is not a fruit grower in Florida, go Fruit Exchange, with all of its
against thereby
whether he favors these compete and facilities has
no matter advantages never
producing "gluts" and sacrificing our
institutions or not, who has not gained been able to secure more than a beg.
? For these reasons we
products earn-
financially on account of the work garly 10 per cent. of the whole that very properly contains a supply d
estly advise against the
accomplished through them, and yet, consignment of fruit on promiscuous commissionas amount, and consequently has not

for want of general and united sup. unsatisfactory unbusinesslike and been able to accomplish the purposefor Hires'deer:

port on the part of the growers, these ruinous. O. P. ROOKS, which it was created. The burn- '

institutions have largely failed to accomplish ing question then is, what shall be
Chairman of Committee.
the purposes for which they done to rescue from entire destructionthis which adds to the enjoyment of all the other
dainties and makes
a picnic a picnic indeed.
were organized.In Corporations great industry ? Your committee A
25 cent package makes 5 gallons of chit
the judgment of your committee, The orange crop is forwarded at the emphatically reply, go back to busi very popular beverage.Don't .

in order to solve these problems the caprice of the owner to distant markets ness principles. It is a settled eco- be deceived I If a dealer for tie salt
must come together nomic truth that a producer has no of larger profit, tells you tome other kind
orange growers of which he has little or no Is"just as good-'tis false. No imitation
under knowledge of their requirements or right to be a speculator.SELL is as good as the genuine Hues'._

ONE STRONG DIRECTORY condition of whose financial YOUR FRUIT AT HOME 1
to parties EVAPORATOR
controlled by themselves as stock. busIness ability and integrity he is absolutely .I to best possible advantage and give I F R U I T THE ZIMMERMAN

holders, backed by corporate power ignorant, thus placing the results your,attention to make better fruit and The Standard Jlaehla
Dlff r nt lists and prleti. IllmrtreU C tlora fr
and an abundance of capital. If, : of his labor for years in the hands more of it. Let the buyer wrestle rUE SLT3ZTrI& WoltK.Cot cuttaa,0.Jvp .


': -. # $
.-- '' '


Tle1El der. The vine is much more rank cut in the fall in cool weather and after out dogenne1sbroomsedge !! and,
'dElJ1 D
F ] than other pea vines, being as largeas equinoctial storms. 3. It enablesthe shall I dare say, Bermuda. Throughthe
After the Drouth What? a man's thumb at the root and send- planter to dispose of his April late fall, the. Warm days of winter

When Florida's second spring, the ing out a great many more runners rice, 'avoiding a glut in the market. and the early spring, whilethe
rainy season, begins, the farmer than other vines. These runners, or While it costs about the same to culti-- tops of other grasses are dead, the
should make no mistake in the crops branches, are trailers rather than vate as in April, it is by no means so Paspalum platycaulc is enlarging its
he plants to recoup his losses. He can climbers, as they follow the ground expensive a crop, as there are no bird- boundaries. Over the unresistant,
not afford to waste any time in exper- much like a sweet potato vine, and minders to pay, no guns to buy and dormant turf of the Bermuda it closely
imenting with teosinte, Kaffir corn, are fairly bristling with pods from the no powder and caps needed.THE spreads its own. In the moderate
soja beans, Mexican June corn,"Jelly root to their tip ends. FLORIDA BUTTER BEAN. shade of our pines this grass grOWl
Sugar Cane," and the like. Hb has On account of this tendency to trail This is a variety that has been well. It seems to have all the pointsof
lost far too much time already from this pea is more desirable as a 'corn known to native Floridians for years, excellence required for a lawn and
the drouth. There are a few old stand- field pea" than any other variety, be- but it is only about four yean ago pasture grass. In fine, I think this
bys which are sure and steadfast.cow cause it does not load the stalks down that it was brought to public notice by native grass better suited to our wants
with vines. "Farmer John" (J.. H. Moore) in an than any other that has yet come
PEAS. YIELD. article published in our columns. It under my observation. P. B.
The orange grower, of course, is As to yield it is unprecedented. A is so well acclimated to Florida that it Baker County.
estopped from planting these in his Texas writer says: "I planted onlyone does not drop its bloom without set- .
grove, but there are crops that he may pint last year (for which I paidone ting, as nearly all other pole and A Dust Blanket.
plant, and he may for this special occasion -I i dollar), and that pint of seed Lima beans do. Hastings classes this During the drouthy spell of the past
tax the land a little more than made six full bushels of clean peas or and the Lazy Wife as the only absolutely season interesting 'experiments ,were
usual, since it has had more rest than 384 pints! I am confident that I would sure bearers in this State. Mr. tried with a plat of cabbage. A pore
common the last three years. Of the have made at least a bushel more had Moore estimated the yield of his small tion was hoed often and the soil fined
crops that may be planted or sown in they been planted a month earlier. I plot to be at the rate of 75 bushels per deeply. Another portion was kept
the grove, we shall speak further did not get the seed until about the acre. It is said to resist the weevil.It fined an inch, and the remainder was
along. 20th of June, and a drouth set in soon bean all summer until frost comes.Stachys not disturbed except to pull out any
There is no danger in over stockingthe t weeds. The on the deeply
after they were planted, which checkedthe crop
market for dry cowpeas, and it is growth some." Afflnia. stirred portion made an excellent
Editor Farmer and Ft uit-Grower
of land and farmer :
a poor piece a poor growth, on the shallow-stirred about
OTHER VARIETIES. Your letter with the enclosed speci-
that cannot grow $20 worth per acre. half the former and on that not stirred
What is known in the mens from Mr. Phares has been duly ,
New Orleans is one of the greatest Mississippi as there is almost a total failure. This
markets in the South for cow peas, Eureka pea is similar to the Unknownin received.Dr. not only the wisdom of a
its rank of vine and its Vasey is at out of the proves
thousands of bushels being shipped growth pro- present "dust blanket,'* but also that the
there every fall and sold to the sugar lificacy, but of a different color, being the city, but I have examined your blanket should thickness. Asa
planters to sow on their lands for fertilizing specked with brown spots, while the correspondent's specimen and find it thick bed blanket possess is warmer than a
purposes. They retail at $ito Unknown is nearly white until it gets to be Stachys affinis. Peter Hender- thin one, provided both are of the
$2 a bushel, the white table varie- damp, when it turns brown. son, writing about this plant in 1890, same material, so a thick "dust
ties bringing the best prices. All the varieties above named, and says: 'Stachys tubcrifcra is one 'of the blanket" exceeds a thin one in effect-
could be enumerated with oldest things under the sun but
To the average Southerner there are many more we iveness.-Country Gentleman.The .
few more toothsome dishes than a them did space permit, are strictly have never considered it a desirable above extract mingles truth
plate of black-eyed peas boiled with a stock peas. True, they are often eaten thing to offer as a vegetable. Hogsare with error. The correct preparationof
piece of smoked bacon. by Southern people (especially the fond of it; it is something midway the soil to endure a drouth is deep
They are especially well adapted to Whippoorwill), but they are all dark between the Jerusalem artichoke and breaking and thorough fining. Then
and soils but will when cooked. The Whippoorwillsare long radish both in flavor and appear-
light, sandy clay when the drouth sets in, cultivate
make a fair yield upon land that is too quite palatable when boiled with ance, and while wt do not think that shallow-deep stirring only mixes the
other bacon, but the popular table varieties .the tubers :are quite as small as Messrs. ?
poor produce any crop prof dry surface soil with' the moister
white. Vilmorin have rated them
are all yet we
itably. below and hastens the
layers evapo-
Cow peas are not only valuable as There are several of them, the most think it altogether undesirable. Someof ration. But shallow and frequent -
stock feed, but also as a renovator of generally raised being the large white the seedmen who are in the habitof cultivation very keeps up the "dust
depleted soils. They belong to the pea with black eye. It is a good sending out sensational catalogueshave blanket" which is of undoubted benefit
class of plants that collect nitrogen, bearer, and on account of its size a renamed this and are trying to
and leave the soil in a more fertile man can gather a good deal larger boom it with immense cuts and lengthy .
state than before they were grown quantity than he can of the smaller descriptions, but we ourselves have Sunflower Oil.
upon it. kinds. The little white Lady pea is never offered it for the above reasons." What has become of the sunfloweroil
VARIETIES. a universal favorite wherever it is Respectfully, J. W. ROSE, industry of the United States? This
There are many varieties of cow known as a table pea; but there is one Acting Botanist. inquiry has been prompted. by the
Washington D. C.
peas, some of the most popular of still smaller, known in North Carolinaas perusal of a report from Consul Gen.
which are: The Whippoorwill, a the Rice pea. It is an elegant table The Best Pasture Grass of Florida. eral Crawford, of St. Petersburg, con-
speckled pea with a bunch vine. It dish, not surpassed by anything in the Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower cerning the industry in Russia, where
matures early, and on account of its list of peas and beans. In this part of Florida and doubt. the sunflower is cultivated on a large
bunchy growth is popular as a hay UPLAND RICE. less in the larger portion of the State, scale. Two.kinds of sunflowers are
crop. It is also quite prolific. This is one of the crops that may be covering like a carpet the old disused known in that country, one with small
There are several varieties of both planted in the orange grove without roads and all places where the wire. seed used for the production of oil,
black and red cow peas, all of whichare any particular injury from the root- grass has been destroyed, you will and the other with large seed con
hard and resist atmospheric influ- knot insect. The farmer on sandy find the Paspalum flatycaule. Green, sumed by the common people in
ences in a remarkable degree, lyingon uplands is liable to be seriously disap- crisp and tender, it spreads its green enormous quantities as dainties, very
the ground all winter without rot- pointed in this crop if a hot, dry spellof turf impartially over ground high or much as the people eat peanuts in the
ting. The Clay pea, too, has this two or three weeks, cornel on; -but low, poor or rich. It is perennial and United States. The oil, owing to its
characteristic, and also makes a good if there is no considerable break in the almost evergreen. It is practically an nutritious qualities, purity and agree-
growth: of vine. It is highly prizedas rainy season it will yield well. But it all-the-year grass. able flavor, has superseded all other
a fall pasture and as a green manure is better to take no risk in this direction For a long time I thought it did vegetable oils in many parts of that
.crop. for it is almost impossible to not grow to more than the height of country.In .
( THE UNKNOWN PEA. damage rice with too much water un- three inches, but I have since discovered general the cultivation of the
Some years ago there was discoveredby til after it has been harvested. Late that the cattle liked it so well sunflower in Russia is considered to
accident: in Georgia a remarkable sowings are coming more and more that they never allowed it to get above be very profitable. At the average
variety which, for lack of a better into favor, even in South Carolina, this height. Undisturbed, in good yield of 1,350 pounds per 'acre, andat
nane, was called the Unknown pea. the leading rice growing State. The ground, it will grow to the hight of the average price of 14 cents per
A more appropriate name would be system of cultivating June rice has several feet. Although it spreads by pound, the farmer receives an incomeof
Unparalleled pea," for it surely been brought to such perfection thatit the roots and seeds and is perennial, about $20 per acre as against the
has no equal for its producing capa- is rarely injured by frost, escapesthe there is no trouble in killing it. usual $1 o. This income can be in..
city, both as to pods and vine.A ravages of fall birds, and it is not Near me, in an old field over which creased in those districts where the
brief description may not be un an unusual occurrence that the grainis the cattle and goats have been graz- grower himself is engaged in product
interesting. In color, the Unknownpea more pearly and weighs heavier ing for several years, this grass is ing the oil from the seed However: ;
is a very pale yellownearlywhite than April rice. The advantages are: taking complete possession. Its beautiful oil mills are very'rare in the villages,
and about the size of the Crow. i. It escapes the fall birds. 2. It is short, thick turf is fast driving the farmers felling their seed to the





oil producers. In the seed-growing !might, for they were fine animals. cay of the mulch came ruin. The

districts of Saratov there are only II The largest measured n feet in the Finery, roots of most useful plants need not

thirty-four village oil,mills, producingoil length, and weighed 1,500 pounds. only moisture but air also; a saturatedsoil

worth, $40,000 ,annually, whereasin The second was 954 feet in length, I Edited by JCHN B. BEACH, Motto, 1'la. perils plant life. Hence deep and

the town of Saratov $450,000 worth and weighed 900 pounds. The third Wrap Your Fruit. frequent culture secures a partial
of oil is manufactured:annually. The was 8 feet long and its weight 650 drainage and air circulation a.t the
Snow & Co., of Boston, write to
substance remaining from the oil pounds. The fourth was 7 feet in same time, and it is well to regard the
the Tropical Sun: We notice that
manufacture the sunflower and The you hoe and the the farmer's best
or length weighed 550 pounds. have a column devoted to the topicof plow as
being used as cattle food, is also a fifth, or the baby, measured 64 feet pineapples. Having that in mind mulching instruments. Our poor sandy .
valuable product. These cakes, how- and weighed 450 pounds. They were soil becomes almost stone-like if left
we desire to state that our market for
ever, have a, comparatively small demand captured in the St. Lucie, a branchof to itself for a long time, and in this
the ten days has been largely over-
in Russia and the lower Indian iver. past condition few will thrive. Evenif
are largely ex Captain plants
stocked and while trade has been
ported to foreign countries, principally Zellers took them to Titusville and there are no weeds to kill hoeing
good on choice fruit the market is
to Germany and England.: there Capt. Schoonmaker took chargeof very becomes essential. This is of special
weak on small pines. We would
From,analysis itappears that in one them and is now on his way .to green moment in the culture of all trees andit
that the shippers at this sea-
ripe plant of medium size,in green con Chicago, where he will place them on suggest is also true of the pine. As forlorna
son of the should their
dition there the exhibition his Florida On year wrap field I had been
are. following percent- at museum. pine as ever saw
fruit which we think will have a ten.
of substances the White took mulched.
ages principal : Tuesday morning azoopound completely
dency to color it up in good hape.
turtle Titus-
phcwn. loggerhead to The demand is excellent and with PINES NOT ALL.
Parts. Potassium. Line. Acid.
Heads with seeds..... 1.7 0.46 0.64 ville for Capt. Schoonmaker, which some good weather we think that all Pine culture will no doubt be a vast
Leares................3.81 2.06 0.54 went in the with the manatees to the
Stalks.................6.23 0.9 0.51 car the pines will be readily taken, although interest along this southeast coast region. .
same destination. It was the largest prices this season will run low, And pine pointers in your regular -
Wholeplaut..n.74 J-43 turtle we ever saw I it must have been
The suflower, like all largeleafedplants five feet long.Captain ; as low prices are the rule. on every- issue will be read in the near
thing. future by thousands having a personal
increases the fertility of the
Zellers he another .
says --H- interest in culture. But thereare
land. The large roots of the plant, manatee down the river, which is ten Shading with Palmetto Fans. other tropical fruits that should be

absorbing the water, soon decay in feet in length and will weigh I,800 M.\ S. Sams, of Courtney, gives this "pointed" as well, and of some of
the earth, and leave according to pounds. He will take it to Cincinnatior method in the Indian River Advocate : these there can be no danger of over

careful estimate about 3,000 poundsof Washington, he is undecided As my pineapples were killed in the production. No man who looks the

manure per acre in the soil. It which. January freeze of 1886, I saw that to ground over thoroughly will fear that
is claimed that the sunflower culti .
succeed I must protect them from frost, the interest in pine culture is at all
vated in low, unhealthy, swampy,, The Florida Volcano.
and have found the following plan to exaggerated. But pine culture shouldnot
or malarioui districts, prevents the About noon on the I3th May there succeed best. I set posts 12 inches in be the all with any man who ex-

spreading of miasmatic diseases. appeared in the direction of Florida's the ground, ten feet apart each way, pects to make a home in what is

For some years sunflower oil was hidden _volcano a dense smoke, ac and nailed on them IX3 laths, seven strictly the pine belt. Pines must
made im our Southern States, but the companied with flame, which soon feet from the ground, running north come first, because the more imme.
_present production ,is on such a limited assumed the of clouds. It
* aspect 'and south; then across these IX3 laths diate returns are needed by most
scale that it can hardly be calledan looked as if a cyclone was coming.The two feet apart on which I nail cabbage planters. But all should make imme-

industry. At one time there was a face of the surrounding countrywas palmetto fans, so as to half shade the diate and ample provision for the

call for it to substitute the products of darkened by the smoke. Severalof ground, allowing plenty of sun to ripen planting of tropical fruits. The

poppy seed, hemp seed"and mustard our citizens heard a distant, rum- the fruit. I have never had any frost wealth of this region will be sometimein

seed, and it was regularly quoted in bling sound like distant thunder about since, and as I leave the fans on all its groves of mangoes, avocados,
the New York market, but during the the time the volume of smoke first shade
summer, the partial improvesboth sapodillos, guavas, etc.-E. GALE in
few the article has seldom
past : years arose. There was great excitementin the size and flavor of the fruit, Tropical Sun.
been mentioned here.-N. Y. Ship our town during the entire after and should any fall over it does not .

ping List. noon. A shower of ashes fell about sun bake. The_ palmetto fans should LADIES
cottonseed. oil has displaced Needing tonic,or children who wad bond
Probably -
4 o'clock. Some of these were ex- have stems over two feet long, to be log up, should take
sunflower seed oil permanently, BROWN'S KON BITTERS.It .
amined under a microscope and appeared nailed on two laths, so the wind can is pleasant to take, cures Malaria, Indi
but as a crop for poultry and for ma- to be shell or rock lime. not twist them off. I plant the Egyp- jestion, Biliousness and Lferer Complaints.

laripusiplaces it might be worth planting Saturday night preceding a forked tian and Ripley Queen 24x24 inches \ St

;'even attthis late date.-ED. flame was seen to rise to a height of each way. The Smooth Cayenne, Two marble bench marks were put

I apparently 200 feet in the air, in the Black Antigua and White Antigua in yesterday in the court house yard

Sea Oows for Chicago. same direction in which the smoke 30x30 inches, and the Porto Rico by the United States Geological and

Captain Zellers gave the Cocoa appeared. The flame soon died out 36x36 inches. I fertilize with 1400 Geodetic surveying-corps. A. com-

Public Spirit some interesting, details and only a faint glow could be seen. lbs. of cotton seed meal before planting parison of elevations of the Atlantic and

about a cargo of these creatures whichhe People living ten miles south of Wau- and then every year applying a Gulf is to be taken and these marksare

had captured: He says they are keenah say the flame was still beyond handful of blood and bone, or some to serve as guides for future obser-

very intelligent and ,affectionate, and them. On the Wednesday before its commercial fertilizer, between each vations. C. D. Schafer put in the

will soon do.your bidding and come appearance a sound like that of distant plant. Hoe as often as required the marks.-Gainesville. .Sun.

at your call when they once get ac. artillery was heard throughout this first year; they need no cultivationafter
quainted and learn, that you mean section, and as far north as Tallahassee that. I find the orange trees 8100 Reward. $100.

them no harm. They feed upon vegetable and Monticello.Now grow twice as fast among the pines as The readers of THE FARMER AND

, matter, and eat,no flesh of any whether this is Florida's vol. elsewhere; they being forced to send FRUIT GROWER will be pleased to
kind, and live entirely in the water. cano come to life again or not we are their roots far below the surface, andso learn that there is at least one dreaded

'The head is,rather small and the face not able to say; but old hunters who never suffer from drouth. I ap- disease that science has been able to

and mouth closely resembles the cow, are well acquainted with the wilds of pend cost : cure in all its stages, and that is ca
hence( the name-sea cow. The bodyis Jefferson county say that there is no FIRST YEAR. tarrh. Hall's! Catarrh Cure is the

long and covered ,with a thick skin, place in it that would furnish materialfor 484 posts 8 ft. long.. .... ....... .$ 24.20 only positive cure now known to the
something like that of the rhinocerous.The such a smoke. Storekeepers six 7,000ft. 1x3 .. 105.00 medical fraternity. Catarrh being a
body tapers rather abruptly and miles south of this place had to light 6,000 palmetto fans. ..... 15.00 constitutional disease, requires, a con
lbs. 1.80
is finished with a large, flat, fan- their lamps at 4 o'clock in order to Sixteen Forty days labor. .. .. ...... .. 20.00 stitutional treatment. Hall's Catarrh
shaped tail, and it ii with this appendage do business at all. In Waukeenahwe Cure is taken internally, acting di

which acts as a propeller, that could read the scale until nearly $166.00 rectly upon the blood and mucous

the manatee attains so great a speed, sundown. Some food people here AFTER FIRST YEAR. surfaces of the system, thereby destroying -

,which is sometimes as high as fifty and south of us claim to have smelled 6,000 ...$ 15.00 the foundation of the disease,

miles an hour; they have no defense burning sulphur.Ionticello Consti- Twenty Eight days lbs. ... 10.00 1.00 and giving the patient strength by
but their speed. Near the shoulders tution.CONSUMPTION1. building up the constitution and as-

is'a fin or flipper somewhat resemblingthat Total $26.00 sisting nature in doing its work. The
of the seal, although the skeletonis proprietors have so much faith in its

similar to that of the human hand; Mulching-Its Perils. curative power, that they offer One

it is from this that 'it derives its name I h&Y.a po itiT remedy for the abore diseaM;by UsHM Several years ago many persons Hundred Dollars for any case that it
'manatee. The bones are solid and thousands of canes of the wont kind and of tent urged: mulching as the sine qua non fails to cure. Send for list of testi-

:will take as high polish as ivory. Undine iU ficftey hue,that been cured.will HOd Indeed TWO BOTTLX so BtroociisnyfaltiLla no I ,Uhk in grape culture. It will protect the monials. Address,
exhibited with a VALUABLE TREATISE on this diseu*to aaj Iu!. roots they said; but it served to draw F. J. CHENEY & CO., Toledo, 0. ,,:.:'
The. Captain .
; f r.r who will and ta their Expreu and P.O.addren.V. .
great pride his: captives and 'well he A.'0lMsu ILL (., 188 Pearl Sc, K. T. them to the surface: and with ,the de-' Sold by Druggists, 7 Sc. .


STEPHEN POWERS, Editor. out delay, be made so plain to the pub indentations, often dipping in the rows, a few feet apart, each of them

P. O.Address, Lawtey,Fla. lic that the most unsophisticated rural high pine regions far below the surface -' provided with a tube which, at the

so that the wells are from thirtyto surface of the earth, communicates
Mr. H. P. Walker, of Auburndale, matron can go right to work prepar-
sixty'feet in depth. In the flat with a main running along midway
under for fruit for the Columbian orId'sFair
places us obligations a sam ing
woods, however, this waterbearingstratum between the two rows of wells. A
pIe of a pomelo of a superior variety next spring. is seldom over twenty feet steam pump is attached to this main

grown by himself. MRS. J. R. MclRviN. below the surface and sometimes not and is capable of raising a large

Gainesville, Fla. over seven. In the regions where it stream-150 gallons a minute, if we

We acknowledge an invitation to attend Irrigation-No. I. is forty or fifty feet it would be necessary remember correctly.

the meeting of the Missouri Several of our subscribers have re. to raise the water by means of All persons who contemplate put-

State Horticultural Society at Chili quested us to publish a series of arti- one of the newly patented water lifts, ting in an irrigation plant should writeto

cothe Mo. June 8 and cles on this topic. So far as our own constructed to be propelled by steam, our advertisers for estimates,
7, 9.
. observation and study extend, we will horse or hand power, or by means ofa pamphlets, etc., to assist them in
The F. C. & P. Railroad Companywill endeavor to comply with these requests steam pump, and this would be coming to a conclusion.

sell tickets to the reunion of the and we hope to be able to sup necessarily somewhat expensive. In m ,
plement this with some contributionsfrom such regions it would behoove the Letter from the State Chemist.

Confederate Veterans in Jacksonville, practical irrigators, bringing farmer to consider very carefully the Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower:

June 8 and 9-to the public, at one down the topic to the latest approved question whether it would pay him at The issue of your paper of the 19th

half fare the Veterans all to raise requiring irrigation, ult. contains some criticisms nominallyof
; to properly conclusions of science and intelligent crops the Bulletin, but really of myself,
identified about fare. practice. unless they happen to be very choice
' at one quarter which are so disingenuous and unfair
SOURCES OF WATER SUPPLY.It lands especially adapted to citrus fruitsor that I should leave them to refute themselves
certain specialties.In were it not that most of your read
How theWorld's
to Fruits for
is evident at the outset that all these high pine regions, with a ers are too busy, no doubt, to carefully
Fair. irrigation in Florida must be dependent sandy soil practically bottomless there investigate the truth or justice of such
Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: on water procured artificially, as ; charges. Then, too,a great many people,
occasional of soil admirably
How can we fruit in clear upon general principles, are inclined to
prepare there is not fall enough in of the
any for the culture of
adapted cucumbers assume when a public officer is held up
liquid, preserving it perfect in form, streams in the State to enable the water melons, peaches, etc. Here, i if! for public censure, that there must be

in color and in every tint for the to be conducted out upon the it was not deemed expedient to dig some foundation for it, especially if no
: banks. The supply must come from reply is made. For these reasons I trust
wells and raise the
World's Columbian Exposition the water by steam or
wells or cisterns and from lakes or you will pardon me a few words of ex-
horse supplies of water mightbe .
same as we see displayed at fairs by power planation.The
streams by pumping. accumulated in immense subterranean Rev. Lyman Phelps, of Sanford,
California and other countries? Where water can be procured froman reservoirs or cisterns such as are referring to some suggestions made by

The ladies of the Columbian Expo. artesian well having sufficient pres. constructed in the "rotten limestone" myself in the April Bulletin, says:
sure as in the of Mr. S. B. "First, the Professor advises the use of
sition Club, of Gainesville, Florida, grove districts to collect rain water for drInk- 'slaked broadcast for
quicklime spread ,
Hubbard Mandarin all of
report under this head of work, several expense ing purposes. These could be cemented dieback. I fear there is some mistake
pumps and boilers is avoided. If the i the earthen here. I fail to know how it is
right on face, or, or see,
methods have tried
. they by fumigating depth is not excessive, say, not over in case, the seepage from lateral pres- possible for a professional chemist to give

etc. Some used saltpeter, some 200 or 300 feet, the outlay for a well to crack the such advice. If applied, the result
sure was so. great as
sulphur and cinnamon, by some onlysulphur.umigated would not be greater than that requiredto off which often would be to liberate ammonia, and, if
cement ( happens), free phosphoric acid is present, to turn
water was used. purchase pumping apparatus, say they could be walled up with a single it into a tri-basic phosphate of lime, ren-

But all failed to the color. I,$450. The deterioration of iron pipes course of brick and then cemented. dering two expensive and most necessary
preserve and pumps in the waters of Florida is These would be filled the elements almost worthless."
by enormous
Was the failure due to the method or tolerably rapid, amounting on an average There undoubtedly is "some mistake
precipitation of the rainy season es "
here, and the man who has made it is
to the manner of applying it? We to 7 per cent. per year, givingthe pecially if the area of tae catch basinswas the Rev. Lyman Phelps,of Sanford. The

have seen some of the fruit, which average life of a plant at about a little extended by means of shal- most charitable supposition is that this

they claimed was put up by such process fourteen years. low ditches radiating from the cisterns, critic has never read the article he as-
Artesian is to criticise. What the facts?
water nearly alwaysmore sumes are
cemented and filled with rub-
; it was perfect in appearance. or less impregnated with sulphur partly Briefly these : I had made and publishedthe

have the ladies here failed in all ble. analysis of a soil and subsoil in aportion
Why ; but this is in the form of a sul
IN TilE FLATWOODS. I of a_grove affectedosith! so-called
the various methods? Will some one phuretted hydrogen }eras: ,which escapes dieback. The subsoil near

advise us so as to make success sure.I from the water during-an aeration of Here the drive-well may be employed the surface, was.foiin cOlite; compact
ten or twelve hours, leaving little or and this is getting to be a com- clay, nearly or to
tried the process the N. Y. World no trace of its presence. Sulphur water mon resort in these regions of the water. As the soil was, for Florida, of

gave last spring, which was to "put however, has been found by numerous i State. It is seldom that the pipe has i found rather unusual in it in richness anywise and detrimental nothing was to

water in a jar, or barrel, set on it a actual trials not to be injuriousto I to be driven down more than twentyor plant life, I suggested that the difficulty

vessel containing burning sulphur, vegetation. At Palatka a grove isI thirty feet before an abundantand probably came from the mechanical condition
permanent supply of water is of this subsoil. To improve this
irrigated with water from the St.
keep it burning and the vessel covered mechanical condition I
suggested a trial
Johns which is slightly brackish from reached. Or the well may be bored
until the would of the only two known and universally
sulphur not burn any and then tubed with iron or earthen-
the tides, but it has not been found approved means, viz., drainage below
longer, then cover the fruit with this injurious to the trees. On the narrow ware pipe. But sometimes there is and the application of quicklime above.

sulphurized water and seal." Now, neck of land between Indian River reached a refractory vein of sand or How any man could distort this special

and the Atlantic the dews are so laden clay or both combined, which, while recommendation for improving the me-
from the first to the last I could
very chanical condition of one particular clay
with salt from the that yielding a copious stream of water,
spray subsoil-a condition that
not get the sulphur to burn but a little probably is not
strainer impedes
this the of quickly stops up the and -
crystallizes on foliage trees, found in one grove in a hundred-into a
while before going out, but I would yet it has not been found deleteriousto the flow of water, and not even general recommendation "to use quicklime -

light it again. This I did for some them. the; sand pumps will afford permanent spread broadcast for dieback," is a
problem that I shall leave to others to
relief. Often it is the case thatif
days, keeping the fumes in during the WATER FROM WELLS. sol( vCo

night. At last I used the water over Orange groves ranging from twenty the boring or driving is continueda It may be, of course, that my critic
foot further down vein of
or two a merely intends to deny the of
acres upward will generally requireone efficacy
the fruit. In two three the .
or days
clear water will be reached which will 'quick lime" as a means of improving
artesian wells or
or more powerful
color of the fruit was .gone; later on not obstruct the strainer. If not, thenit the mechanical and chemical conditionof
a lake or river to furnish a sufficient
stiff undrained soil. In
a clay that
the fruit. Now it is best to dig a well, drawing it inoy
so was was
- my supply. But there are hundreds of case all I have to say is that it is a controversy
fault? If anybody has succeeded in truck farms of five or ten acres in the successive stages as one goes down, where all agricultural chemistsand

keeping the color of fruit perfectly by peninsula part of the State which couldbe and curbing it to the bottom with chemistry, together with the universal -
brick, tile or lumber. In, the clay experience of the farming worldare
this method, tell the ladies just how amply irrigated from ordinary wells. stratum, however, this is not strictly on one side, and the Rev. Lyman
The geological structure of the penin-
you do it, and in what did I err? The necessary unless it is "joint clay," Phelps on the other.
sula bears a general resemblance to Thenext criticism of my Sanford
World said that was the way "California -i the roof of a house. The central or which is liable to cave in.WATERBEARING friend is quite on a lerel with its prede-

put up fruit for exhibition." I dividing ridge is the apex of the roof, ROCK. cessor. He says:
"Please note the analysis of nitrate of
Every true American citizen will and the sides are the flanks of the Sometimes, as in the grove of Mr. soda: 'Nitrogen as ammonia found 18

feel a pride in exhibiting fine fruit peninsula which are covered with an .John Clark in Volusia county, a 24-100 per cent. 'Soluble potash found
argillaceous or calcareous stratum not stratum of water.bearing rock is 18 39-100 per cent!' Indeed, this is a
from their own locality at the World's trange statement. I did not know ni-
far below the surface. Of course.this reached which is porous or spongy,

Fair in '93, and the process by which stratum does not observe any uniformity rielding.clear water, but slowly. Mr. trate Now of what soda would does all give this up really potash.mean" ?

: t may be perfectly done should, with. of slope but is full of flexures and Clark has sixteen drive-wells. two Simply this. In a page containing ten



double columns of figures, somethingnear respondence and generally attended to Turnips barrel....................... 1.50 ida though they cost75: cents a
...........,.... ....... oranges
Beets, ; 2.25
two thousand in all, my critic after the duties of his office. He has done Carrots, .................. ......_ 2.50 dozen,can hardly be said to be as goodas
diligent search has found four that are this absolutely without help of any kind. Parsnips, .........-.............. 2.50 the :Mediterranean fruit just now,
out of place. As they stand they make Now, taking Dr. Battle's very highest Radishes, dozen.....eo................ .40 those on the market being the last of the
Cucumbers, crate...................... 1.00101.25
nonsense, and that too, of so pronounceda average-six fertilizers per week-it will Celery, ........ ............... .5010.60 crop. Two or three steamers a week
type as to carry on its face its own be seen that the writer has considerably Egg Plants,each....... ............. .10 to .12}, sail into this port, bringing pineapples
correction. Probably any other reader exceeded this. He has done it simply Beans crate.......... ................. so from the West Indies and consequently
who had Peas,crate.. ....... ............ ...... 1.00101.50
discovered and
such a mistake would by working early and late, by not infre- Strawberries......................... .10 this fruit is abundant cheap. Large,
have remarked, if he remarked at all, quently giving time to this work which Cauliflower............................. 1x0 to 2.00 ripe strawberry "pines" sell as low as 15
'Here is a typographical error," and said should have been given to meals and rest Tomatoes.............................. i.ooto 1.50 and 20 cents each, while smaller ones are
Peaches ... .... ......... .
about it. Not the Rev. and 1.75102.50 down to five cents each. in
no more so Ly- And now comes this reverend Mangoes are
sleep. Native Plums,qt. ..................... .05 to .10
man Phelps. critic from Sanford, saying throughthe Blackberries qt......................... .124 the market, and cost 10 cents each, or $1a
The closing paragraph of this criticismis columns of the FARMER AND FRUIT- Watermelons ... .......... ......_... .25. to .3* dozen. This fruit is so rich in flavor
the that merits serious GROWER "You State Chemist what Canteloupes, in demand............. that it takes native of the
one reply. are Mangoes ioo........... ................. 1.50102.00 a tropics or
My critic says: you wasting time about? Why don'tyou else a person with an acquired love for
"I see also in this bulletin some one give us fertilizer: values? Attend a POULTRY AND EGGS. them to appreciate theirqualities. Green
has here what I have little duties lIens........ ..........;.....4.........$ .40 to .45 limes to be had for 50 cents dozen
accomplished seen more strictly to your Roosters............... .............. 30 to .35 are a ;
only once before. The values of the please I" Broilers...................... .... .25 to .30 grapefruit 10 and 15 each, and black
analyzed goods are kept back. The dol- The writer confesses himself powerless Turkeys.............................. i.ooto 1.25 Hamburg grapes $3.50 a pound. ,
lars and cents columns are the nub of before criticism like this. He Ducks..................... ........... .20 to .35
gives an Geese................................. 50 to .75
the story. Where are they? The average average of ten hours daily often more, Kggs: .................................. .17
grower who uses these goods may to the duties of his office. Until his San- BOSTON RETAIL MARKET.In .

not puzzle much over percentages, but ford critic found it out, he was never NEW YORK, May 28. asparagus the receipts were scarce-

he can see at a glance the valuation in aware that anybody considered him Peaches, Florida, 3.00 to 4.50; pineapples ly one-fourth as much as during the previous -
dollars and in week and the best native
cents. "lazy. Ho indulges very lightly easily
15 to 30c.; beets, Charleston,3.00 to
Probably no one will seriously questionthe such luxuries as eating or sleeping. As 4.00; Savannah, 2.00 to 2.50; cabbage, brings $2 per dozen bunches. A little
assertion thus made by our Reverend yet, however, he has failed to learn the 1.00 to 1.50; cucumbers, 2.50 to 4.00; Southern asparagus can be bovffht lower,
art of completely doing without them. but there is not much call for it. New
friend that he "has seen only once Florida, 1.50 to 2.50; beans, wax, 1.50 to
before" what every other person, who has Until he can accomplish this, he really 2.00j; green, 1.00 to 1.50; tomatoes, 3.00 beets are selling at $1.25 per dozen
given attention to the matter, has been does not see how he can satisfy the demands to 3.50; seconds, 2.00 to 2.50; potatoes, bunches. New carrots are 75 cents per
seeing all the time. The uniform prac- of his reverend critic from San- Florida and Savannah, 3.00 to 4.50;North dozen bunches, and old carrots are $1.25
tice in the State laboratory has been to ford. Carolina, 3.00 to 3.50. per bushel. Flat turnips are coming in
give up the first five months of the year In conclusion, the State Chemist begsto PALMER & RIVENBURO.LIvERPooL from the South, and sell at $2.50 per 100 a
exclusively to fertilizer analysis. The say that he does not object to fair and bunches, but the demand is small, as

publication of approximate values of intelligent criticism from any source. May 18. most buyers prefer those that have been
fertilizers, whose compilation is a He is not above learning or improving.He kept over winter, and sell now at $1.25
and distinct work requiring no separate little will be glad to receive suggestions We have the pleasure to advise you per bushel. Old onions have advancedto
time-a work demanding special dili- from anybody which will help him to that a small consignment of Florida fruitex $3.50 per barrel, while Bermudas are '

and care, and one which cannot be increase the efficiency or value of his ( Germanic)was offered in our market 1.75 per crate, Egyptians in small demand -
done without detriment to work. Such suggestions made in a this week, selling as follows: Tomatoes, at last week's prices, or a little
whether in 4 to Q% lbs. net in baskets, Is. 9d. to 2s. lower if the buyer would take and
important interests-has always been proper spirit, given privateor many,
deferred until the rush of fertilizer anal- through the public'prints, will be cor- 7d. per basket, but mostly from Is. 9d. bunch onions or scullions at 20 cents per
ysis was about over. Hitherto the first dially welcomed. He has, however, lit- to 2s. 3d.; these turned out in very fine dozen bunches. Lettuce sells from 35

approximate valuations have been givenin tle time and less patience to expend in condition; asparagus, good condition, Is. to 75 cents per dozen, according to size
the June bulletin. This year will explaining things that need no explanation per bundle; pineapples were, .unfortunately of heads. Cauliflowers are small, and

prove no exception to our uniform prac- or in straightening out imaginary very small and green and only $1.50 per dozen is a fair price for good
tice. In many of the States in the Union kinks in his work which, when exam realized 7 to 9d. per pine, whereas they ones, while cabbages are $2.25 per crate.
fertilizer valuations or the current year ined, are found to exist only in the mindof should have obtained considerably more In string beans the' market has changed,
are published much laerthan this. The the officious critic who has paraded than this price had the condition been the green beans being most abundantand

State Chemist of Florida has, however, them before the public. satisfactory. L. CONNOLLY & Co. selling at $1.25 per? crate, with wax

always deemed it wise to take advantageof NORMAN ROBINSON. at $2.25. Some Florida celery is coming
the very first time which could be State Chemist. LIVERPOOL, May 21. in, and sells at $3 per dozen bunches.

spared from other and pressing engage- ca We confirm our report of 18th inst. Hothouse tomatoes are 50 cents a pound,
ments to give his whole attention to this QUESTIONS AND REPLIES. and now have the pleasure to advise you but the Southern at $3 per crate are in
by far the most difficult and responsible that at yesterday's sale a parcel of Florida better demand. Cucumbers from forc-
378. IRRIGATION. P. F. D. Orlando.See .
ing-houses are fine and sell at $7 100.
duty of his office. fruit was offered (ex Teutonic) and met per ,
this and following issues for articleson
Salsify is $1.50 dozen bunches. Egg
with good demand, selling as follows: per
It be that my.reverend critic merely this subject.
may Tomatoes, 4% to 6* Ibs. net in baskets, plant sells at $1.50 per dozen. Watercress
Chemist that
wishes to remind the State
at 35 cents dozen bunches and
Is. 9d. .to 3s. basket to per ,
in his opinion the latter is a very lazy and W. P., San Mateo. Put eight pounds to per according mushrooms at $2.00 pound. Old
; inefficient In that case nothing of water. This chem quality; pineapples, 4% to 72d, each, per
,t person. fifty gallons boiling condition squashes are $2 per 100 pounds, and sum
:t.I could say would probably in any- ical is not for sale in Jacksonville; write to mostly green ; asparagus, mer squash at$2 > $3.50 crate. Old
change his opinion. For the benefit :McKesson & Robbins, New York. 5d. per bundle, good condition; kidney per
. potatoes are about 50cents a bushelwith
beans in crates of 23 lbs. net Is.
lher people? however, it may not be 372. CASSAVA. J. :M., Merle\ Cali- crate ,bid but no sale effected.L. per Bermuda at $6.50 per barrel, and Southern -
l". amiss to call attention to some easily fornia. Write toS.W. Carson Midland
,." CONNOLLY & Co. from Savannah at $4 to $5.50. Theseare
proven facts. As very few people, save Polk Co., Fla.. small, but another week is likely to
professional chemists, have any just con 373. BI-SULPHATE OF SODA. F. bring better sizes that will' drive Bermu-
ception of the time required in analyticalwork B. B., Wewahitchka. This is not the NEW YORK RETAIL MARKET. das out of the market. Sweet potatoes.

I shall make no apology for quot- same as the Penn caustic soda. See address The gardens of Long Island are now are scarce, and not very good. A few of
ing from private letter bearing on this above given. supplying immense quantities of aspara- the best sell at $4 per barrel. Southern
very subject from the Director of the 374. LUMBER AND LOG BOOK. R. gus at low {prices, say from 10 to 25 centsa strawberries are from 8 to 12 cents a box

North Carolina Experiment Station, P. O., Raymond, Fla. Scribner's Lum- : bunch including colossal varieties. by the crate, and Maryland at 15 to 18
Dr. H. B. Battle, himself one of our ber and Log Book, published by the O. Hothouse cauliflower, from Virginia, cents. Pineapples sell at $8 to $12 per
eminent and well known chemists. He Judd Company, New York, 35 cents. sell for 30 to 50 cents a head. String 100, and bananas at $2 to $3 per stem for
says: : 375.: ORANGE BLIGHT. G. R., Sara- beans and butter beans are both in the best. Messina and Palermo orangesare

"The number of fertilizer analyses a I sota. See articles on this subject in this market, and bring 25 cents a quart. Egg- $3 and $3.50 per box for choice and

competent chemist can furnish in a issue and that of May 19. plants, though small, raised in Florida, $3.50 to $4 for fancy. Lemons sell at $2 '
given time would depend on the equip- 376. FLORIDA FRUIT AND PRO- cost 10 to 15 cents each. Cucumbers arrive and $2.50 for ordinary, choice at $3 and

ment of apparatus and other facilities for DUCE COMPANY.\ M. W., Altoona. freely from hothouses, and sell for $3.50, and fancy at $3.50 to $4 per box.
work. One chemist with the best facili- See article on editorial page. about 25; cents each. Southern cucum- -
ties might furnish six analyses per week, 377. IRRIGATION. G. W. 0., Bloom- bers cost five cents each. New Bermuda
but if proper caution be taken I da not field. See article on editorial page. potatoes retail at $1 a peck; Havana potatoes ST. Louis.' May :30.

think he could keep this average up any 80 cents, and the South Carolina Oranges, Culi.oonia; )ft>>d. Sweets,
length of time. When we were work- product 80 cents a peck. 4.00 to 4.50: St. Michael, 3.75 to 4.25;
ing independent of each in the laboratoryfour JVEai] ets. The finest strawberries are now comingin )Iex ca.J..t.OO to l.oO; rape fruit, fancy, '
complete analyses per week was from Southern Delaware, and retail at 3.00 to :3.5U; pines choice, 2.00 to 2.50 i
considered a good average. 35 cents a quart. The fast berry trains dozen; onions, new southern, 1.75 to 2.25
"Your Legislature ought to furnish you JACKSONVILLE, FLA., June 1. over the Pennsylvania railroad from the barrel; cabbage, choice, 2.25; beans, i

with a sufficient number of assistants, in FRUITS AND VEG TAB ,E&. truck gardens of Tidewater, Va., bringin green, 1.00 to 1.25; cucumbers, choice to

order to fjet the analyses printed at the [Corrected to date by Marx Iiros.J] the bulk of the supply of strawberries, fancy, 2.50 to 3.00 barrel; tomatoes,
verY earliest time. To do less than this These are average quotatioQ9.>"S3xtra choice which sell at 25: cents a
would be very detrimental to the efficiency lots fetch prices above top quotations(; while poor on the Delaware peninsula write 2.00 to 3.00 barrel.
of your work." lots sell: lower. that the crop of strawberries will P..M. KIELT & Co.

Now, in the light of this authoritative Oranges, bright.......................$3.5004.50 be heavy and of excellent quality.
statement, it may not be amiss for the .. russet........................ 3.50 to 3.50 California cherries arrive in flat wooden
how and in- Indian River............... 4.50 boxes containing eight pounds each, B CURE FITS !
writer to say exactly lazy Lemons,Fla........................... 2.00103.00
efficient he has been. The May bulletin Messina............ ......... 3.25 which sell at wholesale for $5 and $0 When I 1&1 cure I do not mean merely to stop tbeJa
contains the analyses of 103 fertilizers, Limes! too............ ................. .50 each, and at retail for 75 cents and $1 a for a time and then ba.e th return again. I means s
all analyzed since the first of February.In Grape..fruit barrel: ................... 3.001040x1 pound. radical:*. I bar mad the d...*..of FITS EPILEPSY s
box. .................. 2.25 market the or FALLING SICKNESS a hflon ftody. I
addition to this the writer has made ... ... .. The best oranges in are
Pineapples,crate...... ..... 5.00 warrant remedy cere the word CAM: ZUeaoM
five special analyses for private individ- Bananas, bunch............ ........... 1.25 tot.75 blood oranges, which sell for 50 and 60 others bar my faOd it no rton for sot now nociriacon. a
uals has made numerous gratuitous Potatoes, new. barrel................ 3.00103.50 cents a dozen; Valencia and Catania Send at ones for a tmtia and a free BottU fmjinfalliWoranwly.
; ..... .. ....... '
sweet.bushel. : .75 sell.for 20 to 25: cents a dozen Git ExpnM and Port OfflM.H. .
and several quantitative analyses oranges
qualitative Florida cabbage, bbl.... .. ....... 1.50101.75
; has conducted an extensive cor Onions crate..................*......_ i.ooto 1.15 and Messinas for 40 and 60 cents. Flor- G. ROOT, M. a., Iii Pearl sc., ',. T.Jun .




Our Y oun FoIl\s. "Oh, yes," said Tumbledown, "all you they should be set out where they are dead weight of 9 pounds per box, or

said about breeding and feeding was intended to stay, and where their roots 10 per cent. of the total weight. I

'" good, but I don't believe a "man who do not have to go too far for water. would suggest that the yellow pine
The Best and the Worst. dresses like you ever fed hogs.
From I would partitions be scaled down to one-half
"Now for the grandfather,"said There was an interested group of listeners personal experience
Flossie, as she drew story her chair close to her gathered by this time, and with a state that it is a rare thing for a date inch in thickness and the sides shortened .

grandfather's knees. You know you twinkle in his eyes Uncle Theodore said: seed to fail to germinate, even though to 2534 inches, and with the

promised us a brand-new story tonight "Now, my fnend, let me teach you several years old ; and when we con corresponding reduction in weight
if we were good to-day mamma will something else. If you want men to respect -
; sider the ease with which the seed is thus obtained, a demand for reduced
tell that I haven't been at all you and your calling, you must
naughty this day." show respect for it yourself. You ought procured and grown, and the beautyof freights could be made, and made with

."And I have not missed a word in any to have enough ambition and self-respect the tree-to say naught of its use- every prospect of obtaining it from the

of my lessons to-day"chimed, in Rob. hI] so that when you go to town or to attendan fulness-we ought to plant them by railroads. The other points adoptedby

know grandfather will say that is good." institute you would black your boots, hundreds for the comfort of ourselvesand the Californians, relative to carefully -
put on a decent suit of clothes and clean
"Quite right, replied grandfather
; succeeding generations.-Indian. sizing, assorting and grading
"and now you shall hear the story yourself up.
"A philosopher named Xanthus desired The crowd seemed to appreciate the River Advocate.The their fruit, have already been taken

to have a feast for some of his situation, and Tumbledown had business Bowling Green correspondentof up by the best Florida packers, and

friends, and he ordered his chief servantto somewhere else. the Bartow Courier adds his testimony comment on them is unnecessary.

It is not the but the farmers
provide the best things in the market. farming, i .
"The servant thereupon bought a great like :Tumbledown that cause some peo- thus : Groves in this vicinity, Frosts.I .
number of tongues, and instructed the ple to speak lightly of farmers. There is so far as I have observed, have not
cook to serve them with different sauces. nothing in the business of farming that shed their fruit where well cared for, report for the country south of

When the feast was ready, the first, second needs to make a boor of a man. The dayis plowed or harrowed, and fertilized.Mr. the Caloosahatchee bay, the immense
and third the side dishes past when dirty hands, greasy clothes
courses, ,
and the desserts were all tongues. and muddy boots are to be accepted as an Dobson reports a few ripe Corkscrew country, Pine Island,

Xanthus was greatly enraged. 'DidI index of occupation.-Colman's Rural White Diamond grapes as early as the Sanibel Island, Marco, Naples, and

not order you,' said he, 'to buy the best World. 15th, the bulk of this variety sufferedso the Ten Thousand Islands. I reportfor

things the market afforded?' severely from the drought as to be the eighty miles of Gulf coast in
'And,' replied the servant, 'have I unfit for On the and the
shipping. contrarythe : Lee county country adjacent.I .
not obeyed orders, Master\ Xanthus?
Is there anything your better than tongues? gtate J'fews. Niagaras look very promising for report for the towns of Naples and

Is not the tongue the bond of civil society -.,.,.... oJ an enormous crop and shipments will Marco in whose vicinity the forests of

the key of sciences, and the organof There is a disease among the cattlein begin in from a week to ten days- Royal Palms grow wild, with their

truth and reason? By means of the this section of the county that runs somewhat earlier than last year. If silvery leaves and straight trunks

tongue cities and are instructed built, governments;with the tonguemen established them mad and uncontrollable. There last year's prices are maintained the towering up ISO feet. Lee county is

persuade, instruct, and preside in have been several killed in this settle- grape and tomato will have a dispute the only spot in the United States

assemblies.' ment by their owners. They seem to .I over the sovereignty of Polk county; where they grow. I am reporting for

"'Well, then,' said Xanthus, thinkingto notice nothing nor no one. They appear else the tomato must abdicate yearly the tropical Lee county embracingthe

catch him, 'this same company will to be raving mad, the cause of about June ist. towns of St. James City, Punta
dine with me to-morrow and as I wishto
diversify my entertainment; go to which the people are at a loss to It may interest your northern Rassa and Fort Myers where the

market again and buy the worst things know.-Vernon item in St. Andrew's readers to know that the scorpion of banana and pine-apple blossom and

you can find.' Messenger.On Florida is not deadly. Your reporter bear fruit-perpetually. This tropicalLee

"The next day but his servant again provided the 15th instant the Tropical saw a lady stung on the arm by a county is the home of the cocoa-

nothing tongues. large specimen a few days andan nut that blossoms month and
"Xanthus, in a violent passion, de- Fruit Growers' Association was organ- ago, every
manded an explanation. ized at St. Petersburg by fifteen prom- immediate application of ammonia ripens its nuts every day; the home of

'Master\ ,' said the servant, 'is there inent growers. The marketing of allayed the pain in a few moments the star-apple, chirimoya, sapodillo,

anything worse than tongues? Is not mangoes being the main object of the and no inconvenience resulted; in facta mango, avocado pear, tropical
the tongue the instrument of all strife ,
and contention, the fomenter of law- organization. A packing house will wasp sting seems more to be dread gooseberry, tamarind and melon

suits, and the source of divisions and be erected at once. Mr. C. W. Spring- ed.-Davenport letter in Bartow pawpaw, all of which are growing un.

wars? Is it not the organ of errors, of stead was elected president and gen. Courier.A der their load of delicoius fruits. The

lies, of calumny, and blasphemy?* eral manager. Further information in writer in the Leesburg Commercial home of the Royal Poinciana, now in

"Xanthus said no more. The servant it will be in advocates in the all its glory. These things grow
had convinced him that the tonguewhenused regard to given our next a change orange
aright, could be considered the best issue.-South Florida Home. box : The Florida box composed of luxuriantly in Lee county without

thing in the world, and the worst of all when the writer yellow pine heads, size 12x12 inches protection. Even our good friend,
things when put to a wrong use."' years ago and i inch in thickness, with sides of W. P. Gardner, has many of these,
"That is what I call a capital story," came to Eustis, the Florida peach wasa Bangor inches long and hoops: tropical products at his home in Fort
27 ,
said Rob, as soon as his grandfather had rara avis, and a source of wonderto #
Myers fruiting as freely as they do
finished, "and I would like to know the all who saw it. We have learned weighs, when empty, 18 pounds. The ,
name of that servant." in the California box, with white pine heads, in Cuba, 200 miles further south. I
"You have often read his writings,my many things past eight years, size n jxn r2 inches and / inch in wish those that want to report thousands
and them how
boy," said grandfather, "for the servant among to grow peaches thickness, with sides of white pine % of fruit trees killed on the
other than tho renowned successfully in South Florida. Just
was none .lEsop, inch in thickness and inches in Caloosahatchee from Orange creek
writer of fables. He was a Phrygian by now the crop is ripening and the fruitis 25 J4
would that is
birth, and for manyyearsaslave.Harper's l length, and which box will hold just east say only a part of
delicious. There have in the
the of which ii
Young People. precisely the same quantity of any Lee county, rest
two or three seasons,. been con-
many from destructive
certain size as the Florida box, weighs, probably exempt
ditions which have made the shipmentof
Farmer and Gentleman.At when empty, but 8 to 9 pounds. In frosts.-L. C. WASHBURN, in Ft.
peaches to the North not especially
of the farmer's institutes Theodore other words for useless Myers Press.
one we are paying
profitable, but these will be in time
, Louis, the veteran teacher of hogol-
ogy, had been relating to an interested overcome, and in the meanwhile we

audience of farmers how he bred, fed will have for home use a season of four SYMPTOMS OF

and marketed his hogs, giving minute or five weeks of delicious fruit-the o

details of the work, tending brood sows, Florida peach-something which a .
cooking squashes, cleaning out the pens, (
supplying bedding and everything per- short time ago was unknown. Verily, PARESIS I T

taining to the business. As he came we live and learn.-Eustis Lake Re-

down from the platform a farmer with
hair and beard slouched hat gion.On
unkempt a ,
river numbers of small
our large
greasy: frock and overalls, the latter (CONSUMPTION Of THE BRAIN) THE BRAIN(from CI photograph).
tucked into a pair of dirty, coarse boots, date palms, grown from seed, grace In Healthy Condition. With Paresis Letton

met him and said: the gardens of our people, although, Restlessness,a feverish feeling,sleeplessness,periodic beadaches, dizzinees,dimness of vision,
"Mr. Louis, do you pretend to say you so far, no systematic planting for fruit ringing in the ears, difficulty in thinking, trouble in remembering names and the faces even of
feed own hogs?" friend The victim of Paresis is often shocked or annoyed by little noises and trifling things.
your .
"Oh when I am at home." has been attempted. The largesttree The nervous system is often in such condition that very slight causes,or even no cause at all,
yes be seen at the north may excite to,tudden outbursts of anger. A feeling of pressure upon the brain is frequently
"And clean out the manure? may followed by seasons of dependency,mental depression alternating with periods of w illusive
"Certainly: ," said. 3Ir. Louis, with a side of Indian River Inlet- hopes. When the brain begins to consume or decay,many of these symptom become aggravated.The .
smile. probably thirty to forty feet high. At world seems strange or different from what it was in the past, thought become a positive
"Well said Farmer Tumbledown, effort and life an intense burden.
with "when with stiff Merritt, on the plantation of Mr. Chas. The system needs soothing, toning, and building tip. Something unusual demanded.And .
a sneer, a man a Goodyear, the dates have fruited the here is where the great difficulty has alway. been-find something pure and yet positivein
hat, a black suit of clothes, a gold chain its results. The late Prof. Phelps of Dartmouth Coll realized this when he began his Investigation .
and shiny shoes tells me he feeds hogs past two seasons, while a good many which resulted in the discovery of Paine's Celery Compound. He knew men and
and cleans the pen, I don't believe him." have done so for years in St. Augustine.The women required something heretofore unknown to the world,and his great discovery has fur-
This rather nettled the I niihed It. This compound checks Paresis even after it has secured a foothold in the system.
food-natured date may be easily grown from Taken on the approach of the first symptoms it will positively prevent their increase. Ita high
champion improved "swme husbandry the seeds purchased in our stores, and endorsements by the medical: fraternity and the cures it Is affecting easily account for IBS wonderftil -
," and ho said: popularity and the unusual stir it has caused in this community.
are best planted in pots or cans. After
friend did learn I
"My you anything new
of me to-day?" having made growth of a few inches, DIAMOND, DYES are Strongest, Slmploet, Fastest450 .



ders thereof, in letters of glaring con- intact, smooth and perfect in shape as Beoipes.

Our Rural :fiome trast, four inches long, "Bride. Be- when you began. For Our Rural Home.
It is the same portion, pared as thinly
cause every button on that suit is a It has been some time since I.entered -
as possible with a sharp knife and drop-
LONGING FOR HOME. mouth shouting in trumpet tones to ped into alcohol, which makes an excel- your sanctum; illness has prevented

Vor Our Rural Ilome. every glancing eye : Bride Bride 1 lent flavoring extract. Whenever the but I did not forget you if

... Bride The baggageman looks up as juice or pulp is used in cooking withoutthe you have me. (I did not get THE DIS-

Where shine the bay-tree, grows bright in the hot sun-. he receives their trunk, which is unlike rind, it is quite worth while to save PATCH last week and I miss it much.)

it in this way,or by putting into a jar of POKE GRir s.-I want to tell the ladies
And the soft wind is other baggage on the train >
rocking the tall forest pine; any ; salt and water to accumulate a stock for
of dish to which I think
Where the orange blooms low by the mighty live- he grins at the abject man who is candying. a new me .
very nice inasmuch as we miss Tegeta-
oak, waiting for the checks, and says to Lemon juice as a condiment for meats, bles this year so much on account of the
And the crane rises heavy with its ominous fish and salad is commended the
his assistant as he turns away: "Thirdlot drouth. It is nothing more or less than
croak, authorities, and especially relished by weed Poke weed will
this Bill. The brake- poke greens.
morning growif
There under the limbs of ancient lime tree
an in the For this
many {purpose, nothing else will and it stands all sort
Stands the humble old cottage that once sheltered man assumes an expression of super- cut the lemon in haves,then divide each of weather. To them pick the
me; natural respect, and bows Ion as he half into four pieces. These little "quar- nice green: leaves and tender stems, and

By the crooked rail fence in the hammock's touches her with his fingers, by which ters" are much more convenient for look them over well on both aides, wash

green wildIs light and airy gusture, it is a pleasant actual use than the traditional "slice of and boil in clear water for ten or fifteen
the road where I rambled when I was a child. lemon," which nobody knows how to minutes. Then change the water having
fiction of the brakeman female ; -
And still shows the vinecoveredwell a pas- handle mix with suitable
my fancy me or any sauce. hot and for them
some ready or,by
senger is at once lifted bodily from LEMON FILLING.-A kind of rich lemon
taking a part of the water that a piece of
Whose curbing all long ago rotted and fell; the platform and deposited inside the custard, suitable for layer cake, for a bacon or ham is boiled in, and if not !salt

Where a path through the copse to the glassy car. The porter knows her on sight, meringue pie, for a rich pudding (alter- enough add more to season sufficiently.When .
lake led nating with layers of sponge cake or tender take and
albeit he nevr saw her before, and up press dry by
On whose surface the lilies were lavishly spread lady fingers soaked in a soft custard), or pressing a plato or saucer down over
his face shines like the Naulahka
Are the rotten remains of the striped row-boat-- as for filling cream puffs, is made by using them. When the water is all drained

The heron and egret around it now float, he hovers about the pair, brushing invisible the juice and grated rind of the lemon from them cut them in inch checks

And'gators lie sunning themselves on the shore dust from dustless things, for only. Add a cupful of boiling water and down through, and spread over them a

Of the silent old lake I shall never see more. he knows in his heart that the young half a cupful of sugar. Mix two tea- good bit of butter and add a sprinklingof

There the palmetto bushes under which I have is for dollar spoonfuls of cornstarch with a very little pepper. Add vinegar when dished out
man good a or nothing,
sat cold water and two well-beaten eggs. to eat, and I think them equal to .spinach -
and he is going to play a strong game Stir this into the lemon and hot
With a book in my hand and beside me a cat; water and they are considered very healthy
With the mocking-bird chirping its many.tunedlay for the dollar. The conductor, with 'and cook carefully in a double boiler un- by physicians, as they act upon the blood

the anxious frown of grave responsibility iI til it thickens. If for a meringue, us. and kidneys. Somebody try them who

While the sun setting westward was closing the deepening on his face with the the yelks of four eggs, reserving the has not tasted them and report.
I whites for the top. ,
day. GHERKIN PICKLES.-Now another
hurry of the first collection feels his
In the distance the cow-bells' low-tinkling chime LEMON ICINO.-Squeeze and strain the thing I would speak of in time as picklesare
Was all that gave note of the fleeting of time. face relax into smiles that break juice of a lemon ; stir into it by degrees a scarce article-the much-abused

0, days of my childhood, with your rapturousbliss through all the clouds of his care as enough of the finest powdered sugar to gherkin which makes our men-folks use

he reaches for their tickets. He ig- make a stiff icing. Spread with a knife big words (or think of them) when they

How much in existence thy pleasures I miss! nores-as does everybody else-the dipped in cold water, while the cake is come in contact with them among the

How often I long to be back in the clime man-and bends down the bride warm, and leave it in a cool place for an crab grass, as that is a favorite place for
Of the otange and citron, the lemon and lime. to hour or two to harden. This icing, so them to grow. Take the fruit when ten-

I long for the jasmines, the sweetest of flowers, with a fatherly air that is most becom- simple and easily made, is really deli- der enough to pierce with your thumb

The roses, the myrtles, the scuppernong bowers, ing to him, as he gives reassuringand cious-much more palatable than that nail easily. Cut the ends off slightly and

And the loved oleander,both scarlet and white, confident answer to her amazing made of the whites of eggs. The soft, place in salt water-a small handful of

Whose saucy bright bloom glimmered dim questions about unheard-of connec- sugar icings,of which this is a good spec- salt to two quarts of water-and put in
through the night. imen, are not only more fashionable but gherkins enough for the water to cover.
tions at utterly impossible junctions a Let them stand twelve hours then
0, I long for the palm tree, the olive and pine, decidedly better than the old kind. pour
thousand miles the end of his and with
beyond off the salt water cover clear
SAUCE.-A hard
For the clear blue heavens,the tropic sunshine, PUDDING sauce made
Let them stand four hours and
How I long for the lilies that spread o'er the lake, run. by creaming half a cupful of butter anda water.
drain off and cook them till
Where the snowy-winged herons their morningbath .I cupful of sugar, and beating with the
Prevention of Yellow Fever by tender enough: to run a broom splint
take juice and grated rind of lemon is goodas
; ,
through the skin. Take out of this vinegar -
For the waxen red peach, the banana and pear,* Inoculation.At well as simple.
and drain and have another
For the white orange blossoms that scented the A liquid sauce made by boiling the
a recent meeting of the Acade- and sweetened vinegar prepared and
air with a cupful of water and
sugar pour-
The pineapples, grape fruits, the tall rustlingcane my of Sciences, Paris, a paper was ing on to the lemon juice and rind, witha pour on hot and put means and seal. up
like fruit.
read on the preventive inoculationsof good bit of butter and a little gra- any Use good sharp vinegar
and sweeten to taste add allspice clovesor
; ,
The shining green melons that were hid in the yellow fever byI.. DomingosFreirs. ted nutmeg, is equally good. Another cinnamon or a little of each with avery

grain; The auther has inoculated method is to pare a lemon as thinly as little cayenne and you will have a
The ridgy-leaved loquats and Egypt's red cherries, possible, then remove the white skin and
that will the most fastidi-
10,881 persons with cultures of Micro- pickle please
cut the fruit in thin slices out
The kakis,pomegranates and purple blueberries, very ,taking
I have them that fresh
ous. are as as
amaril. The of thoseso
coccus mortality the seeds. Cut the rind into
yellow narrow -
The evergreen holly,gaily tricked out in red, when put last fall and are
up pronounced
That droops o'er the water its beautiful head; vaccinated was 0 4 per cent., although strips, and boil it with a cupful of excellent by epicures. .

The mistletoe tear-drops which flourish and shine the patients lived in districts sugar and one of water; pour over the FLoRIDA.. Coox.

On the liveoak's.dark, branches like stones of the infected with yellow fover, while the lemon and serve. Either of these may
Rhine be thickened with a teaspoonful of corn-
; death rate of the uninoculated duringthe
starch if thicker is
The wild morning-glory embracing trees, a sauce preferred.
The Ivy and honeysuckle, food for the bees. same period was from 30 to 40 LEMON DRINKS.-A wineglassful of SCROFULIAeczema

They all are to me in remembrance so dear, per cent. These results have led the clear lemon juice is a somewhat heroic

And I love them in memory as well as when near. government of Brazilian States to drink, but with many persons it is a spe-
cific for sick headache if taken promptly
Yet alas for my longings, I shall see them no found an institute for the culture of when the malady makes, itself felt. A ,

more, the virus of yellow fever and other glass of hot lemonade is at least helpful, tetter, boils
children cher-
Strange playing
are by
ished door my once infectious diseases, and to appoint M. if taken to drive off cold after exposureor ulcers
; chill. It is also generally: beneficial at sores.rheuflJatism ,
Freire the director.
A stranger is plowing the fields that were mine,
And no longer the wind shakes the tall forest this season. A very convenient prepara- and ;
tion, to be made when lemons are cheap,
pine, The Use of Lemons.A will allow of making it at a moments catarrh cured -

For they lie'mid the bushes now turning U dust, smallish lemon with a thin rind is I notice. Rub the rind with plenty of cut -- '

While the lock on the row-boat is eaten with rust.I the one to select, if one can choose. The sugar, so as to take up the oil, and strainon by takingAVER'
have found that in life I must trust to my fate, aromatic oil contained in the outer rind to it the juice of the lemon. Fill a jar

Accept what it offers and patiently wait. of the lemon has a high flavor entirely with this mixture and put into a cool

HELEK. distinct from the acid flavor of lemon where it will keep for weeks.

The alligator pear. juice' and decidedly preferable when When wanted put a tablespoonful in a

1-. I used for flavoring merely. There are glass, and fill up with boiling water. Of

Age Cannot Wither Her. two common methods of obtaining this course it is equally; good for cold lemon- SarsapariHaa

from the fresh lemon-rasping it off by ade if dissolved in ice water instead.
A bride of
sixty sweet summers rubbing with a lump of cut sugar (a very Milk lemonade is a delicious and refreshing -

would still be a bride, writes RobertJ. good way for some purposes), and the drink, not so well known as it deserves It

Burdette in his inimitable depart- ordinary use of a tin grater. But thereis to be. Dissolve cupful of sugar ,

ment in the June Ladies' Home room for skill even in so simple a mat- in a pint of boiling water, and mix withit

Journal. She declares herself by her ter as grating a lemon. The pungent, half a cupful of lemon juice and as vitalizes, invigorates .
fragrant oil which gives flavor is much sherry. Add a pint of rich milk, and enriches
disguises. When she would shun the wholly contained in the yellow surface etic, and strain, and serve very cold.-

soft dove-like "bridey" effects in col- coating; the white portion underneathis Country Gentleman. the blood.

ors, and wears a traveling dress de. fibrous, somewhat bitter, and, for the t <

signed by the loftiest flight of womanly purposes of the cook, worse than useless. For Malaria Liver Trou- Has Cured Otherswill
the best is ,
genius to declare the "Old Therefore, grate lightly;; way .
wearer an to begin at the end and work round it ble or Indigestion,use'BBOWB
Married Woman, she might as well evenly, so as to remove the yellow portion cure you. !

have embroidered across the shoul only,leaving the whiU-coated lemon IROH BITTES3 -. .

: ""

- -

t A


woods and bramble I Wool Samples Wanted.
through jungle<
Ouratura1VieaIth, and morass, by the kindly hand of nature ; Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower:
has it been attended, until the The Secretary of Agriculture, recognizing
--- --
sight of the plant is familiar at every] the importance of the sheep
Fibre Plants in Florida.
in the United States has
and industry ex-
turn. The stalk is quite thick
Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: pressed a desire that there be made at
I clip the enclosed letter from the< stout, and beginning at the ground, the Columbian Exposition an exhibitof
the leaves sprout, continuing up to the
New York Post, a paper which is generally height of twenty feet. After that the the wools of the world.

accurate, for your consideration stalk towers frequently as high as fifty The collection of samples will be

and use. It is a letter written from feet, on the top of which are tiny seed more complete, it is believed, than
before shown and will be of
Juno, Dade county, Fla. I do not pods in numbers amounting to millions. ; ever value it is
great giving as proposedthe
The leaves broader
as they
know the writer of it. grow characteristics of wools from the
longer, become more fibrous, .and at
JAS. WOOD DAVIDSON. is highest type of sheep to the very low-
the end of two years are ripe-that ,
Washington D.C. ready to cut for decortication. The est; also showing in a comprehensiveway

It has been discovered by travelers fibre extracted is pure white, fine and the modifications and effects of

and other close observers that the por- strong, more than a ton of fibre being < climate upon standard varieties and
the adaptability of varieties to special
procurable from an acre of plants,
tion of the United States in which native localities. Mr. Edward A. Greene,
and selling at nine cents a pound.
fibrous plants grow most profusely The plant is very thrifty, hardy, of < of Philadelphia, Pa., and Hon. JohnT.
i. is South Florida, and considering the easy cultivation, and also inexpensive, Rich, of Elba, Mich.,| have been
fact that the demand for fibre in the bringing a good price for the labor in appointed by the Department to collect
States is so great, and the material so volved. It will take considerable cap-- and classify these samples.The .
expensive when brought from other ital to start with, but in the end it win wools of each State will be arranged -
countries, it behooves this Govern. be repaid. Fibre is something we so as to show completely all
ment to look into the prospects of! cannot do without. Where to get the grades and classes of wools of that
utilizing the material at hand. best and cheapest is now to be consid State. The Department is desirousof
accompanying each sample with all
There are one or two fibre compa-
nies experimenting in the State. Native ered.There are other fibre plants nativein information possible, and has there-

plants are being cultivated, decor Florida; there is the ramie, which fore decided to obtain. the samples
elaborate wild also-an from the growers. The Departmenthas
ticating machines-nothing grows insignificant-
however-are being put into position, looking little bush on which bloomsa prepared blanks to be filled up by _
and considerable notice is being taken small purple flower. The plant contributors. Any special informa-
of and preparations made for the grows two feet high, and is said to tion not asked for on the blanks may

opening of a very profitable industry, possess the strongest fibre obtainable.! be given by letter.
by which one of the many natural The palmetto and cocoanut fibresare Samples of each quality must be not
products of the State will be utilized. being most successfully utilized in less than fourteen or more than seven
The most profusely growing fibre the manufacture'of luxuries and nec- teen ounces. Seedy, burry, or sandy
plant, and the one attracting most essaries met with every day, and in wool will not be exhibited.The .
attention at present, is the sisal hemp, the northern portion of the State mills samples will be placed in glass
otherwise known as Sisalana agave, the are in active operation. jars, which will be labelled with
henequen plant. It much resemblesa Perhaps the most promising fibrous the grower's name and address, to-
century plant, belongs to the same plant is the pineapple. It is well il&I getherjvith a description of the sheep
family, and its history in Florida is as known that some of the most delicate and quality of the wool.
All samples must be sent to Mr.
follows : fabrics and laces- are. manufacturedfrom (
Fifty years ago .Dr. Henry Perrine pineapple fibre, which is the Edward A. Greene, 24 S. Front
was Consul from the United States to most beautiful and easily handled of i Street, Philadelphia, Pa., who will,
Yucatan. While there he took noticeof all fibres, and can be "worked up" in upon application, furnish small bags,
the henequen, its habits and nature, more ways than any other.It in which the wool may be sent. by
and concluded that the introductionof has been observed that the mail free, and to whom all corre-

the plant into the United States fibrous growths depend only upon a spondence should be addressed.received
would be a good thing for the Statesas light, sandy soil. In fact, they tak Where more samples are
well as himself. Being an enthusiastic root and thrive where nothing else than are necessary, the best representative -
will be exhibited. A
and, it would seem a very competent will, and the attention they require samples
botanist he had intentions circular will be sent by Mr. Greene
to hardly merits the name-no fertiliza-
full details of what is wanted
his ideas into giving ,
execution. An
put own tion; no irrigation, no cultivation-
with the soil climate also the manner of selecting, report-
acquaintance nothing but sticking the plants in the
and natural adaptability of the south- sand where plenty of sun will get to ing and sending the samples.We .
east coast of Florida gave rise to the them; then watch them grow. Mostof should be glad to obtain samples -
that this would be of wool grown by you. If you
impression locality the fibre is "ripe" to work on at
the best in which to prosecute his ex- the: end of two years-that is, in that are inclined to assist us please inform
periments. Consequently, in due length of time, the leaves are ready to Mr. Greene, using the inclosed en-
time he obtained from Congress a be cut. These plants add much to I velope. Yours respectfully,

grant of land on Biscayne Bay, with the appearance of a locality. Theyare I EDWIN and WILLITS,
the understanding that he was to cultivate either very picturesque, as in the Assistant Secretary Represen-
the henequen for its fibre. case of the cocoanuts and palmettoes; tative.
D. C.
Thousands and thousands of plantswere curious, as in the case of the pineapple .. ,
imported from Yucatan with and henequen, or interestinglyrare. Home Market for Honey.
great difficulty and expense, but they They constitute a very inter- Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower:
were planted, and promised great esting growth, and the botany of the In view of the low prices for honeyIn
thrift and steady growth. All went fibre 'plants of Florida would be a very the North, I would suggest that the
well at the farm, but in other portions valuable subject of study. Charles nome market be worked a little closer
of.the State Indian troubles were Richard Dodge of the Agricultural than ever before. Every grocer in the
brewing, which finally terminated very Department at Washington is at pres. State can handle more or less honey
disastrously. The Perrine farm was ent in Florida investigating the meritsof each season, and there are hundredsthat
invaded, the owner fled to a neighboring the various species of fibre found with a little effort, could sell
islet, and later on was massacredby here with a view to making a volumi-- many barrels at a liberal profit. Drug-
the Seminoles, Dr. Perrine's family nous report. gists may be induced to use much
coming in as heirs to his grant. But _._. more in the preparation of medicines.It .
his tragic death put an end, for the Reedy Lake-No I. is the best and purest sweet that can
next fifty years, to the culture of hen- Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower. be used for that purpose, and has valuable
jequen bv artificial methods. But in This lake is located in Southern medicinal properties of its own.
this fertile land of sunshine and soft Polk, between Lakes Clinch and For sore eyes or throat and lung trou-
breezes, gentle showers, and tropical Arbuckle. A surveyor who took the ble there is nothing better. Sell your
influences.f the plant has thriven. All difference in lake levels of this section > : dark grades of honey, to bakers-for


I .



I z




' making sweet crackers, cakes, etc. one who goes through the woods and RECENT IMPROVEMENTS. tion, transmission of moisture and

Thousands of barrels are used in this sees the forest trees on every hand Besides the Flagler road and new heat, capillary attraction, effects of

way in the North. But do your hardest draped and festooned with magnificentwild bridge already mentioned, are Mr. mechanical pulverizing of soils, etc.,

work,if necessary,with the landlordsof vines, and inhales the delightful Lorillard's marine railway and dock and I had also learned to have great

our mammoth hotels. If their at- fragrance of'their bloom with which where he is preparing a winter head- confidence in the uniformity and con-

tention is once properly brought to every breeze is laden. quarters for sportsmen. stancy of nature in all her actions,

bear upon this matter the quotations HONEY. Then we have the New Smyrna and had somehow imbibed the idea

r of the Northern dealers will have but Honey made from the Land and Improvement Company.This that there are some few general lawsof

little interest to us, as the home mar- palmetto bloom is perhaps mangroveand unsurpassed is a company of wealthy gentlemen action as applied to the action of

ket will consume the product of our in flavor, and the supply of who have recently puchased 1400 the forces of nature, that we may rely

apiaries, and Florida will have gained these flowers, together with the or- acres of the beautiful Turnbull ham- implicitly upon under all circumstances

another point towards industrial inde- ange and other tame and wild ones in mock and the portion immediately whether in Florida or Alaska, Texasor

pendence. W. S. HART. their season, is unlimited, and of joining the town on the north is laid Canada, Cuba or Maine.
: Hawks Park, Volusia County. off in streets lined with cabbage palmsten
And thus fortified I
>-.-, course the apiary industry is a source proceeded to
New Smyrna. of much profitStrained feet apart, and lots that are already haul the muck upon the crude, newly
being bought up as homes. These cleared land which had not been
From the initial number of the honey is sold in the storesat
lots are beautifully shaded by live oak
had it in with
New Smyrna Inlet we cull the follow 75 cents per gallon and 60 cents by plowed; thoroughly dug
hickory, cedar, cabbage palm and
the barrel. grub hoe, leveled off. with hand rake,
ing information : To use a common magnolias and more
picturesque spots and put out my seedlings started in
figure, New Smyrna people "havensall OYSTERS, for residences do not exist in Florida. boxes and in
ruthlessly persisted my
their eggs in one basket. I't said to be equal to any in the world, One tier of these lots is on the river stubborn adherence to thorough clean

some locations in Florida when thn abound in greatest abundance, as do front, where a fine view of the river, culture, never-ceasing vigilance with
orange crop is short everybody "getea fish shrimp crabs and clams and winding the islands
are among mangrove my hoe, always sharp, clean and
black eye. But here we have the shipped into the interior by the New white-winged sail boats and puffing bright, ever ready to do battle with

ocean trade, the river trade in fish Smyrna fish dealers whose cards ap- steamers add hfe to the scene. These the persistent maiden-cane which

and oysters, fruits and vegetablesand pear in another column. It may lands were selected by Turnbull over came with the muck and luxuriatedin

cattle on the near-by pastures, seem like putting on airs to talk of one hundred years ago, and the its new environment of muck and

which form a continual source of rev- our green turtle and diamondback crumbling walls of the old coquina sand well mixed and kept clean from

.- enue. There are several thousand terrapin, but a glance at the adver- houses and cellars of his colony can be less persistent weeds and grass.I .
head of cattle contiguous to New tising columns will demonstrate that seen for miles up and down the river.

Smyrna, and our herdsmen enjoy the we are prepared to furnish these rare Mr. E. T. King, a member of this succeeded in getting very "goodstand"

great advantage of having large luxuries in their season. company and the manager, kindly took in my first venture, and the
little trees took hold with a will and
bodies of high hammock to afford an Fishing and crabbing is a source of the editorand family on a most enjoyable -
made a good showing the first
excellent pasture for them during the much sport for our women and chil- drive of two miles through the ham- year,
but were all killed to the ground in the
winter. into them in
They go the dren. mock to what is called the "old rock
fall and in conditionin : winter, which necessitated considerable -
come out good house, the coquina walls and chim-
GAME. transplanting, filling vacancies
the spring. of which still and ,
A few miles away deer are quite ney are standing i etc., till I finally got them well start-
ORANGES. cedar trees of evident
numerous, and at some points com age growing ed, and ever since they have made a
Some of the finest within the walls.
oranges on the I plaint is made of the bear robbing the i rapid growth, attained a good size for
I East Coast in this This house is the of
I are vicinity, and I on apex a high
bee hives. their age, and it has been concededby
all the mound which affords beautiful view
they possess qualities in which a
Quail are very abundant, and in all who have seen them that theyare
the Indian river of the .
oranges excel, sweet, winter ducks come by the thousandsto ocean.A very fine, thrifty trees, and they
solid and similar mound is in the heart of
juicy, bright, they really
what is known as the duck marshesa had but very little help aside from the
sell Indian river the and the Sheldon
town to
as oranges. Some belongs
few miles and a source muck and hoe.
away prove my
of the This is the where Turn-
large growers are Messrs. P. estate. spot
of profit as well as of rare sport. The year that I budded most of
N. Bryan, Jas. Lupe, AV. E. Connor, bull selected for his own residence, them I divided the crosswiseof
W. W. Lee, the Misses Constance, IRRIGATION and several of his old coquina.lined nursery
the rows into five sections, and fer-
J. D. and Gadsden Bryan, T. J. facilities are remarkably convenientby wells are in the rear, one of which.. is tilized four of them each with a differ-
Murray, R. S. Sheldon, L. E. Wilson, means of the cheaply obtained artesian still in use. ent fertilizer-one with cotton seed

Clinton & Gould, Dr. Hawks and flowing wells.A ..4 meal and with
one superphosphate,
W. S. Hart, of Hawks Park. Mr. small garden plat irrigated and My Experience with Muck-I. which I consider one of the best
Hart is Secretary of the State Horti-- highly fertilized will supply a large Editor: Farmer and Fruit-G rover: !of our commercial fertilizers
cultural Society. family with vegetables. These wells About seven I boughtten many
years ago the other two with a lower grade, and
These and other growers whose can also be utilized as a water power.A and a half acres of what I was left without The groundwas
one any.
names we have not obtained, repre- large wheel at the depot is turned told was very good pine land, suited level and, so far as I can tell,

sent a possible output of nearly 10,000 by a stream and water pumped from a I to orange trees, except about an acre equal and was all treated
every way
boxes, and many of the groves being dug well into the tank, the mineral in I and a half which lay in a grass lake or alike as to culture, simply frequent

young this figure will soon be the-artesian water not being good for muck pond which was considered doses of my sharp hoe. I frequently

doubled. the boilers. worthless. It was shallow, and being during the season invited observers to

One of the most important of the THE NEW BRIDGE. situated about the corner of four sections tell me where the unfertilized sectionwas

coming industries of this coast is that On Monday, May 9th, at 4:30 p. it was owned by two others besides or tell what ones were doing bet-

of m., the trip hammer on the dredge myself, but thought to be of very ter than others, and there were stakesat

GRAPE GROWING. boat fell and struck the first pile of the little value, so I bought or "swapped"an both sides to show where each section -

Through the of Mr. Ed. toll bridge. for one neighbor's ,
courtesy new organ part was, and I never had one to pointout
King we visited some of the young The contract has been awarded to about two acres, and obtained per- the slighted part or found anyone

vineyards and a most beautiful and Messrs. Ballough & Dillingham of mission of the other to drain the pond able to distinguish any difference in

gratifying sight was presented in the Daytona at $12,500, and is to be through his land into another on a the growth, and the man who budded

thrift and vigor of their growth. One completed in ninety days. lower level, and soon found to the had had large experience both in bud-

vineyard of 1,000 vines set by Jtfr. H. This bridge will make the magnifi. surprise of most of my good neighors ding and raising trees, and I particu-

L. Hawley a year ago last February cent New Smyrna Beach (Coronado) that I had practically an inexhaustible larly requested him to note carefully

is now a most beautiful sight with its of easy access and the summer pleasure supply of what seemed to be a very any difference in the appearance of

luxuriant foliage and clusters of fruit. and bathing resort for thousandsin good quality of pond muck, which I bark or foliage, condition of sap, etc.,

Mr. King says that Mr. Haynes, of the interior. at once began to put in piles about of different sections, and he could see

I Orlando, told him that he had over Those who have visited Coney Island the margin to dry and cure. none.

10,000 vines in charge from a few and the famous seaside resorts of My first use of it was on a small
But I had remarkably good
months to five years old, and he has the Nation,.say that none can compare patch cleared and grubbed for a with buds nearly all taking and
never seen anything to equal it. with this. nursery. I applied quite a liberal grow-
ing rapidly that trees were con-
There is certainly something very The water is shallow so far out thatan dressing and indulged very freely in so my
ceded to be the best for their of
grateful to the grape in the deep yel- undertow is impossible.The the "innocent amusement," and at a age
within the knowledge of the va-
low subsoil of these high hammock New Smyrna Bridge Companyand "right smart" expense for a "green any rious observers.I .

]lands, of which there are hundreds of others have the most desirablelots Yank" who knew really nothing about
acres awaiting the enterprising vine- on the beach which will be soldat Florida soil and Florida ways of farm- gave them no more fertilizing till

yardists. unusually low prices so as to induce ing, etc. But I had learned a few the next year, when I tried a similar

:- The remarkable thrift of the domestic people to come to our beach and in- things about agricultural chemistry, experiment with another list of differ-

"*- grape here is not at all strange to crease travel on the- bridge. laws of nature_as applied to evapora (Continutd on pap 131,1Jt11f l




... .. ., ,
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VL "Agriculture is the Basis of Wealth." No. 22.

The Fairest Tax.I Picking a Bone with our Law- amount towards any and all plans for the Alliance demands because it of.
beg the reproduction in your val- makers. the development of the State, but fends his party bosses and might mit-
uable columns of the appended article, A writer in the Orange County Re- they object to paying taxes and havingthe igate against their re-election. The
which I take from the New York porter asks: money accomplish nothing.; I people want to know what their con.
World of the 7th inst. Its fairness is may be wrong, but to my mind every gressmen are doing for them in Con-
don't the hire
so altogether: beyond question, it is so Why Legislature a cent we have paid for the past five years gress, and The Economist cannot sat-
eminently equitable, that a general : competent man to go to some State except for schools and our new courthouse isfy them in full without telling as well
;adoption of its ideas could not but' where they have decent assessment of both of which I am proudas what they are not doing. The whole
prove highly beneficial to the masses.It and collection laws, copy them bodily a citizen of Orange county, has tale will be told by The Economist as
is not alone for.pensions that an in- and then enact them? This law we been wasted. We pay our taxes and : fast as the record is verified beyond a
come tax should be levied, although, must keep track of tax matters every] doubt. It will soon be time for Con-
perhaps, in federal affairs such a tax have now is no better than its prede- week in the year or we are sold out as gress to adjourn, and then the record
could not be applied to a better pur- cessor, and I have yet to hear a good unknown or some other way, instead will be complete.-National Econo
pose; nor should such a levy be con- word for it among taxpayers; wipe it of taking our tax receipts: home, put- mist.
fined to Congress. Every State in off, poll tax and all, and begin with a ting them away and resting easy until IH
the Union should exact such a contribut"ion clean book. the time comes for another payment.We He Saved His Money.
for the maintenance of its sev- Second-If a man wants to keep pay our legislators and they take "Let two men start together in lifeas
eral institutions-notably educationand cattle and hogs in this State let him up the time finding out whether Smithor shoemakers, with a view to do
that they will all some day see feed them himself and not filch their Jones goes to the senate and even
food off their neighbors. I do not their best in getting on in the world,
the wisdom of such a suggestion is the fail to find that out.
wish of one who will willingly con- understand why I must be called onto We pay our courts and yet the feel- as Henry Wilson did sixty years ago.
tribute his quota. The article here I feed anybody's stock but my own, ing is general that wrongs must be They are equal in skill and enduranceand
follows: NOLENS. and yet if I do not wish to do so ]I avenged by ourselves if avenged. at can work twelve hours a day at a
"The Philadelphia Ledger opposesthe must put up a fence that on forty acres all. fair stroke without impairing health.
proposal to levy an income tax to of land costs more than all the cattlein We pay for our fences and the law Working by the piece, they find theycan
meet the pension charges upon the this county are worth; and if ]I itself protects the man that burns earn sixteen and two third centsan
ground that an income tax is a 'class build a fence I am still liable, by the hour, or at the rata of two dollarsa
tax,' a tax discriminating between laws of the State, to have it all destroyed them.We are taxed for roads and bridgesand day. There is no difference be-
rich and poor, between the very rich, by somebody firing the surrounding have neither. tween them in purpose, and only the
the moderately rich and the merely woods.It We are willing to pay an immigration small difference in the method in get-
well-to-do. is bad enough to be liable to ac- tax large enough to make the ting on, that James thinks he will
"But does not every tax do that ex- cidental fire without protecting incen- work effective, but are refused that sooner get in comfortable circum-
cept that nearly abandoned relic of diarism in this way. privilege on the shallow pretext that stances by working twelve hours a
barbaric ignorance, the poll tax ? A Third-Give us a good immigrationbureau the last bureau was no good. day, and John imagines that nine
tax upon land is levied only upon and provide it with ample hours will answer the purpose just as
those who own land, discriminating funds. It is no argument against this The Demands. well. At the end of the year of three
between the landed and landless that the old bureau was incompetent.If Congress has now been in session hundreddays| they find that James has
'classes.' A tax upon personal prop- they were, it is rather an argument nearly six months, and it has not only earned six hundred dollars, and John
erty is open to the same objection. So against the authority that appointedthem. failed to do a single thing for tae people but four hundred and fifty dollars.
is every other tax which civilized leg- but the so-called Alliance contingent they: keep on at this rate ten years,
islation imposes."Ultimately If we get any representation at Chi. has failed to make much head- and James has laid by two thousand
of course, every man cago it will be by the contributions of way in putting the members of the dollars, and John nothing. Now the
helps to pay the taxes, no matter by the few, while it should be divided Fifty-second Congress on record on two thousand of James earns ten dol-
what process they are levied. The proportionately between all who owna the demands of the Alliance. Someof lars a month for him, and is better
task of the legislative power is so to dollar's worth of property in the these Alliances congressmen than a good apprentice, because he
place them that their collection shall State. asserted with great firmness a pays the fund no wages and it costs
*work the least possible hardship,-and In- some parts of- the :State- they- may year ago that they would put this congress nothing for board.. The reason why .
especially the least possible embarrassment have enough inhabitants, although I on record for or against effective they are now so wide apart is that the
to industry and trade. doubt that, but in this part we need legislation in favor of the demands. extra hours of James have yielded
"For that purpose the graduated immigration and need it bad. The Livingston, of Georgia introduced the fifteen hundred dollars principal in
income tax is well-nigh ideal. It lays tourist: trade by itself is no good to us.It sub-treasury bill; but so far as the record the: ten years, and five hundred dollars -
its impost upon accumulated wealth, [ don't leave any appreciable amount shows, he has been content to let in interest. John has nothing,
not upon the process by which wealthis with us, and after it has paid New it quietly lie in the committee, and because the expense of living of each
produced. It taxes superfluity, not York waiters to bring in Chicago has since introduced two financial bills and support of the families has
necessity; ; property, not industry. Es- steaks, which are to be washed down one of which is commonly believedto amounted to four hundred and fifty
pecially it compels corporations to pay with Kentucky whisky, if there is be a side-track, and tho other a dollars for each. In ten years more
their fair share of tribute, either directly anything left it goes in the pockets of substitute for the sub-treasury bill; it is James will have interest money sufficient
or in the persons of their stock-, Connecticut owners as a dividend, and H. R. bill No. 8577, and is such a to meet the family expense of
,holders, a thing which corporations poor Florida does not even get the mass of financial nonsense as to bring four hundred and fifty dollars, and
under existing tax laws mainly man- crumbs which fall from the rich man's contempt upon the cause. John will be with his nose still on the
age to escape. table. No, give us immigrants, and The Economist does not propose to grindstone.-Popular Science Month.
"The income tax is the very fairest if it comes in the line of the duties of criticise the Alliance congressmen, but ly- .
and least burdensome device open to the bureau to foster certain lines of six months is plenty of time in which .
us by which to raise the money made industry until our immigration can twenty-five men could put this Congress Senator Pfeffer on the Currency.
necessary by congressional extravagance make a living at them-give the bureau on record on every one of the Alliance The Chicago Inter-Ocean of April
and reckless administrative the money to do it with. I do not believe demandsand the Economist has :26th has the following letter from Sen-
squandering."Pensacola News. the work of an immigration bureau stood l betweeen them and an impatientand ator Pfeffer addressed to the editor:
ends with advertising and sending -i indignant public long enough and "Replying to your request under
As an example of the great damage out pamphlets.As will not longer attempt to defend in- date of the 5th inst., in relation to the
from the long drought, while Colum you know, Mr. Editor, I am a action that enables enemies to the de- supplying the place of National bank
bia county exported lastyear over 20-, I tax payer myself and represent parties mands to hold their seats because the circulation, I have to say that, in my
000 boxes of oranges it is calculatednow who contribute large amounts to the people do not know how they stand. own judgment, the best substitute is r
. that the dropping has been so great support of the State. My people have An Alliance democrat is no better : what the people of Kansas favored .....
that not a quarter of that quantity will always been willing to contribute their than any other kind of a democrat or 14 years ago, namely, United States :..::'.
be marketed this year..-Citizen. share, pro rata, to any reasonable republican if he is afraid to fight for notes commonly called greenbacks; ,.isM:.



-:.. .

.. ..



for, as you know, National bank notes The Otaheite cherry or gooseberry, : Elliot's Key, Largo and other fruit
are redeemable in United States notes.I though the fruit in no way resemblesthe I Keys on this coast have struck a sys- Rich Florida LandsFarmers

think it would be well to abolish the gooseberry, will soon be ready toI tem of transportation that suits them.

whole system of bank note issues. No make into the most delicious jellies Last week six large ocean fruit

banking institution should be permitted and marmalades.. Myers Press. schooners lay off Elliot's Key loading

; to issue anything which is to be The steam-launch Wanderer towed with fruit for New York, Baltimoreand

used as legal tender money unless the the Bell River Packing Co.'s huge Boston markets. They pay the

issue is supported by the power and bark to Jacksonville, .carrying 10,000 growers cash in hand for their fruit,

the credit of the Government, and the bushels of oyster shells. One would load right from the fields, and at this -

material used, whatever it may be, hardly suppose that a launch only season of the year are certain of

J should not be redeemable in anything.It about 25 feet long could accomplishsuch strong, favorable winds to waft them

ought to go out to the people as I a feat as this.-Fernandina speedily to Northern markets.Tropical -

money, full-fledged, ready for duty, Mirror. Sun.

i j conditions without any weight of any or sort impediment whatever.or truck Jonathan farm about Hoag two, jr.,miles who north has his of e e-t) 0 .'.8 0 --.- .. ,

What we use as money should be absolutely Belleview at Brookside has been Sour Eructations
free from all conditions $ .< .
so fullness after eating with dlslncllna-
shipping a considerable lot of -
that there could be no 'runs' on vegetables ..tlon to exertion ox body or mind,.
lately. From 300 hills of crook- Irritability of temper generalrearM., hA
banks in times of stringency, and no ness and debility are speedily ree -
neck he has netted
summer squashes moved by the nee of
because debtors unable __
panics are to
seventy-five dollars; from a fourth acre 1 Stop and Think.
obtain tender I believe
legal money. of carrots, fifty dollars; this is at the e TUTT'STiny -
that the time has come to nationalizeour WHY Spend the best years of your
rate of two hundred dollars an acre.
money. We took one long step life cultivating the soils of the frozen
He is getting a dollar and a half per Liver- Pills.e .
in that direction when which
North and West
we adopted our raising crops on
bushel for his onions and has had good
National banking system. We taxed success with his cukes. He has musk |and good appetite, strong: digestion,(_ the freight is often not realized,when you
State bank of existence activity of body and mind,sociability, I rich
notes out the
land from undersigned,
of and health and can buy
and watermelons that look finely; and buoyancy spirits A '
substituted National for I take their place. Price, 25( lands and
a currency a strength and fertile as any known ,
he will begin shipping them soon.-I I cents. Office',39&41 Park Place,N.Y.IJee@OeSt
purely local currency, and it was onlya Belleview Blade. where you can raise a crop that the
short time after embarking in this ( United States Government will pay a

new enterprise until we discovered THREE --- BOUNTY of $100 on each acre.

that the bankers of the country were .STYLES. Spading HOLD On, this isn't all. You can sell

masters of the financial situation. We FIVE 1 SIZES. 4: MORG AN Harrow the said crop right there in your home
find that instead of serving the
people, Thousand* I market for $230 per acre. You ask for
The Best all around Rotary Harrow and Pulverizer.
they served themselves. In 1872 *0 d. No EQUAL for Fall plowed land, Stubble Vineyards I the "IIow" and the Wherefore."
and"Peach Orchards. Leaves no
there were $358,000,000 of bank note Send and figures count best.
farrow or ridge. Angle of teeth adjustable. Quite right-facts
circulation. Since that time about for Catalogue. Mention thli Paper. Address

$240,000,000 of it has been retired, 0 \ '\ D. S.MORGAN & CO. Brockport,N.Y. Plant the hand with Sugar Cane

.. because the did not need
not people TO OLD Farmers and careful perus

the money, but because the banks ers of papers, the fact that there is now

realized a great profit from the sale of DACOSTA established near Kissimmee, Fla.,the St.

their bonds at a premium, the bonds Cloud Sugar Refinery, is stale news. We

that they had deposited as security for are talking to all our friends. Sugarcanecan

circulation. Our experience and that be raised as cheaply as corn, and
of other nations has been that banking Uncle Sam will of two
House pay you a bounty
Printing AND Publishing
schemes for
corporations are private cents per pound on the manufacturedsugar.

profit to individual persons, and our The St. Cloud plantation in
observation has that there is
taught us
Osceola Co., Fla., averaged 4,600 pound
only one safe way to avoid the JKCKSONMILL-B: FL-M. of sugar to the acre last year, and will go
dangers: to which that sort of financial ,
5,000 pounds this
subjects us-that is for year.
management METHODS? This isn't the only big
the Nation itself to prepare its own TURNS OUT THE BEST STYLE OF PRINTINGAT
chance of your life, however. The cultivation -
money, every dollar of it; issue it to
of rice lands about Kissimmeeis
the people directly through Govern-
THE LOWEST RATES. to become an assured, profitable fact.
ment agencies, wholly without the I
I There is no richer or better truck and
use and intervention of banking cor-
i market garden lands in the world than
porations or other private agencies.
t/,_. the land on the rich overflow, or bottom
"You understand, from the forego- ( )
ing, that I would not only substitute lands about Kissimmee. Write for con
formation to A. K. :McClure, editor PAtTaddphia -
United States notes, or Treasury notes,
if you choose, for National bank notesas r- -* Times,who has personal knowl-
they are being retired, but I would edge. Then in lands for orange groves,

substitute that sort of money for all or groves already cultivated or bearing,

' bank issues; and I would even do I can satisfy you that your best interestslie

more than that. I would not make 1 r in seeing me before any one els.

.money out of a promise to paythatis BEAUTIFUL HOMES. The healthfulness -

to say, I would not write out a J Jw and beauty of Kissimmee have

promise to pay money and call that never been questioned. No diptheria,

promise money; but I would use a no consumption, no pneumonia-in fact

piece of paper just as we are now read our medical report. Beautiful cot

using a piece of gold or a piece of silver tages, villas or lots suitable for resi

and make that money, providingin dences. Write for terms and particulars.

the law what its functions shall be. COME SOUTH, And get untold

That puts the influence, the credit quantities of the grandest climate in the

and the power of all the people behind world free with each acre of ground pur-

the money. Then we will have gold chased. Come where you can till the

and silver and paper at par one with soil twelve months in the year. At lent

the other, and that, if we will reduce write to me for full particulars.

rates of interest down to the level of The Manufacture of Blank Booksa OftOvr. CKNNON.KISSIMMEE:: .

profit on labor, so that men can makeas
black- Specialty.
much farming or
money Agent for the lands of the DUston Companies;
smithing or carpentering as they can for the Auodated Railways' land, and the
by lending money, will give us a safe SEND FOR PRICES. lands Kissimmee Land Co.

currency, a sound financial system Phosphate sugrar-cane, rice, tracking,
and no fruit grazing: timber, general farming
money panics. CHAS. W. DACOSTA Proprietor; and home lands. lelad far map shewia;
Yours ,
truly, W. A. PFEFFER. 1aA4I.JUNE




My Experience With Muck. an average yield. Cjtrus fruits are feel- uge of rain on 22d. Farmers all happy.

[Continued from page 433.] ing the effects of the drouth, and while Oats being cut but crop short. One Cottrell Cylinder

the condition of this crop has been much Orange City-Copious showers. All

eat fertilizers, and with like results, improved by recent showers, the leavesof crops much improved.

except that a few persons thought they orange trees have wilted considerably.In Pensacola Week closes with increased
the counties bordering on the Gulf damage by drouth. Press
could see a little difference in the different
coast the white oak tees are shedding Starke-Orange crop almost a failure; ,

sections. their young leaves as a result of the pro fruit still falling. Corn doing well con-

So much for the facts so far as my tracted dry weather, and orange trees sidering weather. Poach crop good.

nursery is concerned, and I leave the are looking badly. Along the Atlantic Tampa-Weather highly favorable to 'ALSO .

interpretation for the present, and will coast citrus fruit and pineapples have all crops. Ground thoroughly wetted by
been much benefited by moderate showers. rains of 22d.Tarpon .
in the facts about
my next give my Out of a total of twenty-six reports, Springs-!Ilnin- much needed.

grove and peach and persimmon or- twenty-one record rain. Of these latter, Citrus trees hoMii.-, their' own but no

chard of over 1,000 trees, which has seven report less than a fourth of an crop advancing. G.tidfus about hold I ONE WASHINGTON HAND

been mostly restricted to the food that inch. The heaviest fall was 3.41, at especially Irish potties.; I

Ocala, on the 22d. E. }{. DEMAIN, Director.
they caught from pine land soil and
Jacksonville, Florida aSth PRESS
May 1892.
that "innocent amusement" of Following is a summary of rainfall for ,
game the week : Avon Park .20 Archer .45
; ;
mine in hauling some 1,500 cart loads Brooksville 1.19 Bristol .90 Eustis .16 .
; ; A
J WORTHj A GUINEA,..... ...BOS.....
of that "worthless pond muck" and Green Cove Springs, .07 ; Hypoluxo, .66; V'-'J' (

my fool-hardy perseverance in adher- Jupiter, .12; Kissimmee, .56; Dade City, A box of O h Can be Bought Very Cheap.

ing to my old fogy notions of thoroughand heavy rain on two dates; Manatee, .61; BEEGHAM'SiPILLS

culture. Milton, .25; Myers, .35; Micco, 1.66; Or-

frequent lando, .26; Ocala, 3.41; Orange City, '

S. BIGELOW.Lake 1.14; Pensacola, .04; Tampa, 1.18; Tarpon APPLY TOCHAS.
Mary, Pla.WEATHER. Springs, 56. e constitutes a-<'
i a familphmedicine '
AND CROPS. Sick Hf'fld-
It is believed that the temperature for '" ', achetSlotmirh Wenk W. DACOSTA,

the State during the past week has been ,

For the Week ending May 27, 1892. lower than for any corresponding period 0 toss of, Ap-
paie.117adv Jacksonville Fla.
RAINFALL.In since the beginning of regular observa andlalnin{ ,
tions. In the western portion the defi- Stomach.*

Northern and Western Florida the ciency of temperature for the week was F"l nt'MSwellln(1 after nenlsItzziness Giddiness,., "THE RIPE FRUIT CARRIER."

rainfall of the past week has not been 61 degrees, a daily average of more than nrtJINlut86, Cold CltUls, Flushing of

sufficient to afford even temporary reliefto 8 degrees below normal. In the north llrat, Shortness of litealh, Unstivmrss, r
the drouth-stricken crops. The benefitsof eastern portion the daily average deficiency X D'otclie! on the Skin, Disturbed Sleep" ,o'_ -" -

light local showers which fell on the was about 6 degrees. On the J/iort*,and'all are nervous relieved and by using trembling thus tJI

22nd, were greatly lessened by abnor- morning of the 24th the temperature had J Covered with a Tasteless and Soluble lua-1 ,
mally low temperature and high north- fallen to 56 degrees as far south as Lee S Of all dratgtdts Price 2.S cents. a box

erly winds. Over a greater portion of county. This abnormal condition, cov- 11 .......New....York.....Depot.II....3'5,. ..Canal...........8t.ft. ".' !)
the sections above named there has beenno ering a period of nearly three days, was -..

rainfall during the past five weeks not beneficial to crops. "CENT-A-WORD" COLUMN.

heavy enough to the dust. The utmost -
Is a perfectly ventilated box In which Peachescan
apprehension is now being felt in There was an amount of sun- To insure insertion in this column, advertise- be shipped RIPE and will keep better than
the final this rainless average In a refrigerator car. Shipped In these boxes
regard to result of ments mast be accompanied by the money.
shine for the State. frail double
Advertisements: must not exceed fifty words. brings prices.
West of the Choctawhatchieriver
period. Write for circular to GEORGE FRANKS.
the tobacco crop is reported as hav- WIND. Postage Count Stamps every word received,including in payment.name and address 112 and 114 S. Eutaw Street, Baltimore, Md.

ing failed entirely. Much of the oat High winds on the 22d did some dam- ---- -,,------ Notice of Incorporation.Notice .

crop has been harvested-in what condi- age to corn in the western portion and Two tame Deer, male and female, for sale. A. is hereby given of the formation of a corporation
tion the reports of correspondents do not blew down considerable young fruit in Faye, Walton Co., Fla. 6-2-31 under the Kt"neralla".of Florida The name
state definitely-but all in saying tho southern Peninsular.HAIL. of the corporation la"General Finance Corporation
agree WANTED Hart's Tardifl! buds, three years!! Limited." Its places of business. are St. Augustine,
that, the yield will scarcely repay the grape fruit stock two to three Florida;New York City, New York; London. Eng
of It is believed that inches four Ad- land,and such other places as the Board of Directors
inches from
cost seeding. through ground
crops Light hailstorms occurred in the south- may from time to time, appoint The general nature -
this back- dress, stating price and full particulars. E. H. of the business the formation of
generally over area are more ern portion of the Peninsular on the 21st a company to
MOTE, Leesburg Fla. 6-2-2t promote or aid In any way In the formation of steam
ward than at time since 1841. As
any and 22d ; no damage to crops reported. railway electric railway,street railway steamship
stated in previous bulletins the vegetablecrop QUEEN Pineapple Slips five dollars or steamboat corporations or of corporations for
is suffering most. While the peach REMARKS BY CORRESPONDENTS.Avon hundred. Box Orlando Fla. the purpose of producing or furnisulng electricity
per 642, for any purpose,or for the manufacturing of electrical
crop will not fall far below the averagethe Park-Grapes and pineapples 3-26-51 machinery and apparatus and appliances of
trees feelin the effects of the looked better but citrus fruits feel- .U kinds or for any other business,and to constructor
are never A BARGAIN-6,000 first-class twoyearoldorange promote or aid In any way In the construction or c.
dry weather, and the fruit, while well ing effects of drouth. AT and lemon buds. Also some very desirable equipment of the railways au-amshlp*. steamboats,
flavored and well Archer-The drouth is real estate. J. L. DERIEUX, Lakeland, or plants of any such corporations and of any corporations
yielding fairly as re- becoming a se- now existing:: or hereafter to be organized;
gards quantity is very small. Corn, in rious matter in this locality.; Fla. 5-26-41 to construct build purchase own and operate lease
sell or dispose of works or prop rty of any character
some localities, is standing the drouth Brooksville-Rain Sunday helped vegetation MONEY to loan at low rates Address B. B., connected with or of use to any such rorpirations
well; in others the farmers have aban- wonderfully, but more is needed. 177, DeLand, }:la. 5-9-4t as are named In this notice;acquire hold,own and,
Invest trade and deal in stocks bonds. securities
doned all hope of obtaining any return Bristol-Light showers Thursday very obligations and contracts grants concessions and
from this crop. In all localities where beneficial, but more rain needed. WANTED gentleman or lady solicitor in franchises of every kind and to trade a" merchandise,and real and
; salary and commission goods wares and personal
recent showers have fallen, cotton has Crawfordville-Crops small for time genteel every work. Address, immediately, GUY U. property generally;to act as agents for corporations,

come up and is doing well. Those showers of year,but good color and stalk enough; HAKDY, Mannville Fla. 5-io-3t firm I luuance and of 1 lvlduals.btatts their stocks bonds s and,securities municipalities and ob In'iga-the

have also enabled many farmers to cotton coming up finely. tlons.and In the management and disposition of
OF CHEAPLY IRRIGATED property of all kinds.: to make guarantees of every
sow-garden seeds. The orange crop in Cerro Gordo-No good rain for several Ofifl t\J\J without Kind and description and to transact any
those sections has practically failed. On weeks. agency; and mercantile business; to acquire con
wells. black soil
artesian A ,
machinery or even
and ,
maintain tle/raph line telephone
struct operate -
the 22d the drouth was broken over a Eustis-Oranges putting out a good several feet in depth, level as a floor free from lines,water works. ga works aud oil works
narrow belt lying east and west across bloom; peaches plentiful, but small. timber, which can be flooded by the closing of a manufactures of electrical machinery and apparatusand
gate at the mouth of the ditch draining the glade. appliances of all kind, and to produce, provide,
the Middle Peninsula by heavy thunder Green Cove Springs-Corn crop a total For particulars address GEO. W. HASTINGS, In- furnish and maintain electricity and the application
showers. While the good effects pro- loss to many farmers; fruit of all kinds terlachen Fla.ARTESIAN thereof for any purpose whatever and to construct
maintain and operate public private works of
duced by those storms were somewhat dropping; orange trees in many places all kinds;to carry on the buslnestof mlnlngcoil.Iron.
diminished by a cool wave following in have a wilted or blasted appearance. WELL MACHINERY-For sale, or gold,silver,copper and other minerals rr ores and
e for cows or orange and lemon the working smelting refining manufacturing ands
their wake, yet the crop situation within Hypoluxo-Recent rains have helped trees. A. A. BALDWIN, Georgiana, Fla. lllng thereuf;to lease rail way*,Including street rail-
the area of rainfall was substantially im fruit trees. wa>*,and to maintain and operate the same by the
use of steam,electricity or other power,and to own,
proved. To the north of this "belt" the Jupiter-Heavy rains in vicinity bene- Tllgliman's Condition Powdersare maintain and operate boats and vessels of all kinds

drouth still continues and the unfavorable ficial to pineapples. Heavy rains neededin guaranteed to cure Salt-sick cattle, and pre- and and to passengers carry on by the land business or water of transporting,with powers freight to borrow .
crop conditions as set forth in lastweek's this locality.KissimmeeFine. vent cholera in chickens. Best medicine for all or raise money to any amount by the Issue or
stock. For ale all over Florida Sample package sal of bonds,notes or debentures of the company
bulletin still obtain intensified, if rain Sunday doing by mail for 3S cts. W. G. TILGHMAN. Palat- or In any ether manner and to Invest and use the
anything, by the prevalence of cold, dry much good. : ka.F fa, 414101WALL money so obtained securities or Investments of

weather. The oat crop in the Middle Dade City-All crops suffering from PAPER-Cheaper than house in the any kind of the and purposes character hereinbefore hereinbefore enumerated specified or; fur to
Peninsula, while only half grown on account drouth. state. Samples,prices and instructionsfree do all and everything necessary- suitable' or proper
of of the
for the acoomJlIllhment any purposes 01'the
of the drouth, has been ripened Lloyds-No rain in sevent ,by mail. J. F. ROBINSON, 15 W. Bay street, attainment of any of the objects above enumer-
prematurely and is now being harvested. Corn and cotton looking well; vegetable Jacksonville, Fla. ., 3-24-6111 ated,either alone or In association with other corporations -
or firms or individual The amount of cap-
In many localities orange trees are crop suffering most LORIDA'S advantages for small investments, tal stock authorized la $1.(0),100.( divided Into 10.UO
Euttingouta good second bloom. The Manatee-Oranges improved by recent rj see "Real Estate Journal," Arcadia, Fla. directors shares of f 100 The each commencement to be paid in upon or the the corporation call of the

have not felt the effectsof rains. FI.OO per year: sample, with state map 10 cents. ball be forthwith and It shall have its terminationIn

the drouth as have the lower flat and Molino-Vegetation at a standstill. 3-24-1201 ninety-nine years. The business of the company .
shall be cordueted by a President, a Vice-President.
hammock lands, as citrus trees growingon Milton-Drouth still continues. To- FOR SALE --Whipporwill, per bushel, r.o. Secretary Assistant! Secretaries, Treasurer Assistant -
the former have shown little signs of bacco past redemption and all crops .,'$2.00; Conch peas(limited quantity), per Treasurers,a Board of Directors and by such
other officers the Board of Directors from
shedding or wilting. In the Southern badly injured. pound, post paid, zoc; Chufa seed, per pound time to time.determine.ai The highest amount may.of In-
post paid, 35c; per peck f. o. b., $1.50; pearl
debedtneu or liability to which the corporation can
Peninsula light local showers fell on ZtlyersVery cool and dry. millet, per pound post paid 350 four pounds, at any time subject itself 1. IOOUO,000. The undersigned .
Sunday, reviving vegetation somewhat. MICCo-GroVes and pineapple fieldsgreatly *1.25; ten pounds, f. o. b., $z.oo. Send cash with form Its first Board of Directors:
While the effects of drouth are not so benefited by rain of 21st and order. EXCELSIOR SEED PARK, Keuka,24tfT7ORLECONTE Fla. T.N.Mn.vur.C.A.BESTO:*.

severe in this section, all crops are suffering 22d.Orlando 6 2 u Atrazo BUHOF MO5.
for want of rain. Reports as to -Drouth very severe. Fruit ,l.J, 3 and 4-YEAR-OLD,KHIFF -
second hand Washington
the grape and pineapple crops are very trees shedding and wilting badly. TREES WRITE TO B. W. PARTRIDGE, MON- Frite n Press for sale cheap at this o c..
favorable, and corn and potatoes promise Ocala-Severe thunderstorm with del- TICELLO, FLA. u->>-tf for particular




r .





Extending Southeast, South and South- DOORS, SASH, BLINDS, PAINTS, OILS AND VARNISH.
west from Jacksonville, cover over one

thousand miles of tropical country, and SA.'V rILL, ITPPIIla S.

reach all prominent winter and summer Wo are State We Have
Agents for the
pleasure resorts of Florida: One and Two HORSE MY RAKES j
Horse -
The East Coast L
In stock.

BUCKEYEt 8 and G feet tread. -Tt-IE-
The Great Lake Region, '

MOWERS The 6 foot is suitable Florida Central & {peQinsnlal'
The Phosphate Fields, for use In

The Pineapple Fields A complete stork ofyfoirtfM '' r ORANGE GROVES. RAILROAD I CO.
and .

The Orange GrovesAND Repair.l-"atfor1l1trlC't'8 on haul.at Write for Prices. The Florida Trunk Line


The Fruit and Vegetable "TEXAS. RANGE PLOW S," SHORT LINE TAMPA.
A Full Line of Repairs for Same. TO

Sections. Acme Orange Grove and Two-Horse Pulverizing Harrows, the Boy In addition to its long-established connections -

Dixie Cast Plows, and a full line of Farm and Agricultural Implementsof with the North by
River Junction, Live Oak,
all descriptions. Agents for the Planet Jr. Horse and Hand Tools, sold and Fernandina Callahan, ,Jacksonville
at factory prices. Send for catalogues. Has this season reopenedt

VIA. \\t: ffeomasville and Monticella Ronti.

Tn connection with the S.,Y.&:W.R.R.;the
The Trunk Line Alabama'Midland and the L.&N.and the line
Tropical leading from Chicago, St.Louis, Kansas City
and the North and West.

I Through Cars from Cincinnati to
These lines are equipped with the latest
Jacksonville and Tampa.
improved modem 'appliances for the Fast Schedule,Pullman Sleeper all 2f4-

safety and comfort of passengers.Our ern Railway Improvement.

patrons call them the The Florida Central i PeninslllarR.R.is .

the greatest artery of travel through the
FINEST IN FLORIDA. finest parts of Florida,traversing twenty-four
Lake Leon Suwannee. Nassau Levy,Orange,
Trains Leave Jacksonville via J., Hillsborouzh, Wakulla., Columbia Clay,
Marion Polk, Manatee.:Madison,Baker,Bradford
T. & K. W.: ..7"r ,Sumter Hernando and DeSoto-in their
.. .__
; ;- = richest portion. It runs through the Middle
a 8:30: a.m. daily,except Sunday; 12:30 p.m. Florida Region of Hill Country where are

daily; 4:20: p.m. daily, except Sunday; .. ..;-ar- the fine oldFarmiuy
; Land and the New Tobacco
8:00: p.m. daily, except Sunday. Farm .

Arrive 7:30 a.m., 8:00: a.m., 12:55 p.m., :,.-_ __ :i. -.s-:: ; (reached by no other line),some of them conducted \
7:40 -- on a large scale. Here are Quincy,
p.m.Trains PLANET JR. DOUSE DOE WITH LEVER AND LEVER WHEEL.: Tallahassee (the capital!),Monticello. )Madison
:and other from whoso
--- towns comfortable,
Leave Jacksonville via East ample dwellings reposing in a fertile country
Coast Lines: ,is coming a renewed energy to employ
IRRIGATING MACHINERYBOTH the resources lavished about them. StretchIng -

8:25: a.m. daily, 1:00 J.m. daily, except down through
Sunday; 4.05p.m.: daily.Arrive STEAM, HORSE AND HAND POWER. :The Peach Countryof
Baker,Bradford Alachua and Levy coun-
9:30: a.m.,12:25 p.m., 5:40: p.m. Carry a stock of Steam Pumps, Boilers, ties,through the prosperous
Strawberry Farm
INDIAN RIVER STEAMERS LEAVE Wrought and Galvanized Pipe, Valves. of Lawtey, Starke and Waldo, perhaps superior -

TITUSVILLE Fittings,Hose, Etc. Estimates furnishedfor through in the profit heart to the of the state, penetratingsome -it goes

For Melbourne daily, except Sunday, Plants put in complete and guar- of the finest groves,one having
70,000 Full-bearing Orange Tree,
5:00: a.m., 3:45: p.m.; Rockledge, 9:00 a.m.,
anteed Hand passing for nearly a mile between them-
Amve Melbourne 1:00: satisfactory. Spraying
7:00 p.m. p.m.,
making its way southward to the Gulf and to
12 mIdnight. Returning,leave Melbourne Pumps of every description. Send for the more tropical portions of the State. In
1:20 p.m., 12:30 am.; Rockledge 4:50: p.m., all portions of the State it reaches point of
8:00: a.m. Arrive Titusville 8:00 p.m., Catalogue of How and When to Spray. Scenic Interest.

12 noon. Nozzles etc. made to order in Wakulla Springs In the West, the Suwannee -
: Pipe, our River as beautiful and romantic as it I.i
Leave Rockledge for Jupiter daily, ex- machine famous. Silver Springs in the lake region
S1 shop. and the lakes themselves with their surroundings -
cept Sunday, 8:30 a.m., arrive Jupiter following of rolling land interspersed with
day, 3:30: a.m. Returning, leave pleasant homes in green groves sloping down s
Jupiter) daily except Sunday, 9:30: a.m. to the clear lake fronts. By means of this
road you can most readily reach the
r Arrive Rockledge following day,3:30 a.m. Hunting and Fishing Ground '

Steamer "ST.AUGUSTINE" Leaves The settler will find on the line of this roada
greater opportunity for a varied selectionof
ORMOND land than on any other road in the State- .'
from lightest soils to those underlaid with
8:00: a.m. Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays i : !i, ; clay and marl and of richest hammock-
and whether for regular mixed farming stock or
for Rockledge, landings.
way dairy farming,peach or strawberry culture,'
Returning, leaves Rockledge 8:00: a.m. I ; orange groves and vegetable gardens.The .
Mondays, Wednesdays; and Fridays. tourist will be gratified with Its scenery.
The health-pecker on its ample route can find
Connections are made at Jupiter with some spot adapted to his wants. On the hard.
roads of Middle Florida the horsemanwill
trains of J. & L.W. Railway for all pointson -- ; clay ride with speed and satisfaction and the %'
Lake Worth Florida Central and Peninsular is the
Sportsman' Route.
For schedules, maps, etc., call on local NOTE.Passengers from Northern connections
having tickets over the Florida Central
address the General'
or Passenger
1 agents,
and Peninsular to points In South Florida
AgentB. have the privilege of being taken into Jacksonville -
AGENTS FOR over the Company line and alloweda
; B. CABLE, W. L. CRAWFORD. stopover within the going limits of the
General Manager Supt.East Coast Lines, Iu owhEs STEAM PU1vLE'S. ticket,with return to their route for destination "
free of extra charge. Send for map of
JM T.&K. W.System. St.Augustine, F la. All Letters Answered the Day they are Keoelved. Florida,mailed free. '
G. D. ACKERLY, A.O.MACDONELL,G.P.AJacksonville- .'
' General Passenger Agent THE S. B. HUBBARD COMPANY ,71*.
N.S.PENNINGTON\ Traffic Manager.D. .
Jacksonville,Fla. .B.MAXWELL, aural Mnf






Th e Bel1e View Mining:: CODl.pa.n3l"'S: :: : ee1in.g..

To the Orange Growers and. Market Gardeners of Florida:

We produce the Leading Phosphate of the world. It is the cheapest. It is the best. It is a quick, vigorous fertilizer. It increases the crops.


Analysis by eminent chemists show that it contains over 50 per cent of bone phosphate of lime that is available at once in soil water, the balance, 20 to 30 pe-

cent, becomes gradually available. Experts certify to its having a value as plant food, green as it CODleJ from the mine, of over $25 per ton as compared with com-

mercial acidulated fertilizers, and no danger in its use. The analysis of our Soft Phosphate, as given by Serge M\lyvan: of Ocala, is as follows:

Insoluble Silicate and Sand....... .. ......18.76 j PhosphoricAcid.. 1770 I J Oxide of Iron ... .. ... ..... ...... .. ........ | Magnesia and Soda.. .......... ...... .....6..5'
Carbonate Lime.................. ......... 4.56 I 1 Equivalent to Bone Phosphate Lime........39- I Aluminum . .......... .. ..... ...... .7"1 I Moisture.................... ................... 6.55

He says your Soft Phosphate, referring to the Belleview Soft Phosphate, will be soluble, by gradual steep, under influence of rain water, provided it is per-

fectly burnt: and pulverized in fine powder.

Serge :Malyvan says that after analyzing samples of Soft Phosphate from different mines throughout the State, that the only soluble Soft Phosphate is contained -

in an area of about six miles at and around Belleview.

The Belleview Soft Phosphate is especially good for peach, pear and orange trees, grape vines and strawberries and for cotton and corn it has no equal.

The analysis of our Soft Phosphate shows that every element it contains is absolutely essential as plant food, and. every intelligent man will see the importanceof

buying plant.food at so little cost per ton.


More About Soft Phosphate. rowed this in. I did not measure the yield only gives them their dark green color? Certainly cation have just commenced to start up. 'Mr. Me
The following in regard to soft phosphate is I in my cart as I gathered it. I got as much corn nothing the soil,as it is poor pine land. Neither Master of the firm of McMaster& Miller, of San
taken from the Gainesville Sun: from the sixteen rows that had soft phosphate on is it good cultivation. Chemistry teaches that Mateo,visited my grove a few days since and expressed
That soft phosphate! is rapidly gaining favor it as I did from the next thirty rows. The corn orange trees require potash, phosphoric acid and himself as being very much astonishedwith
the fruit and vegetable growers there is no did not dry up any for want of rain, as the rest of lime, and the pine lands of Florida require humus. at the growth of the trees where the soft phosphate
ort of doubt. Those who have given it a test unhesitatingly the crop did. I am well pleased and will use it In muck and" phosphate we have all but the had been applied. If you will remembet
speak of it in the most complimentthis year on all my crops." potash. This added gives us a perfect fertilizer, the first shipment of Phosphate was made less
ary terms. Mr. George Saxon, writing from and yet there are men who tell us that it will not than sixty days since, and until the last few days
Tallahassee : do, that the raw materials must be manipulated we have had very little rain.
says '
Soft I lies p lute. the chemist and refined fed to I convinced that ton of the Belle-
The solt phosphate referred tom in the granulated by product our am fully one
article containing the elements of ground bone Mr. Sutton, one of our Alliance! ex-editors, trees. What nonsense! I don't believe any such view Soft Phosphate has a .ter't'alueasaplant
and SO per cent phosphate of lime (bone phosphate writes as follows to the Florida Agriculturist on a laws entered into the Divine plan of Nature.food than a ton of any Fertilizer that has ever
) crude as it comes from the mine. This matter of much interest to our farmers: I Phosphate Field. been:: brought into the State,and I would warmly
sort phosphate was put upon cotton last year "Now. Mr. Editor I am the same crank still, I Mr. Sutton has since<< ordered thirty-five tons to recommend: its use to the orange growers in the
alongside of cotton seed as fertilizers, and the reonly more so, on the subject of muck soft phosphate I put on his crrrvcMflrtioinintr Welshton. State. Yours truly,
suit wa fully, or more than double, in yield of and home-made fertilizers and. like the D. GR>:E'L=ttF.
eottOH over the cotton seed, while it gave four fellow who killed the rattle snake, I have the -
times the yield over the same land without any rattles to show. My trees are looking better ac- JACKSONVILLE, FLA., June II, 1891.
fertilizer. Rev. T. W Mooreofl.eesburglooked cording to age than adjacent groves upon which C. B. SMITH, President Belleview Phosphate Co., CEDAR? : KEYS FLA., Dec.zt, IS9t.
at this crop while in full fruitage and he said that commercial fertilizers have been used. Muck, Jacksonville, Florida: C. B. Smith, President Belleview Mining Company
at that time that the cotton fertilized by this soft lime, soft phosphate, stable manure and potash DEAR SIR-Enclosed please find my order for :
phosphate had three times more fruit on it than will do me to make a grove with, and I don't two more cars of Soft Phosphate. I have used DEAR SIR-Yours of xyth received. It gives
that fertilized with cotton seed. Thinking this think I will come in behind in the race with the seventy-five tons of this Phosphate, and have me pleasure to state that I have used nothing but
estimate may have been a little high I put it as chemical fertilizer men either. noticed with much interest its effect on myorange the Belleview Soft Phosphate on my grove the
above, but I am free to admit that be is a better "Any one having any doubts as to the solubility trees. The first car load I applied to something past year, pnd I have been more than satisfied
judge of such matters than I am." of soft phosphate would have these doubts removed over five hundred trees and the results have been with the results. The trees are looking as well
J. T. Smith, writing from Levy county,says: "I by visiting a small grove in Welshton simply marvelous. Th'e adjoining five hundred as they have ever looked-even when I used expensive
put soft phosphate on sixteen rows of corn last which has had no other fertilizer in the past two trees received no fertilizing, and the difference fertilizers. Many persons have heard of
spring about a four acre field of corn,on about an years than phosphate. It has not had any culti- between the two fields is something wonderful.my experiment? and YOur phosphate has ad-
average quality of the land. I broadcasted the vation this season and yet it is holding its own On one side every tree has started with a vigorous vanced in their estimation.Very .
soft phosphate over the land,after breaking it up with well-worken and fertilized groves. If not growth. The finest foliage that I have ever seen truly yours
well, at about two tons per acre. Then I hare soluble, what makes these trees grow; what i In a grove. The trees which received no'! appli- REV. P. R. HOLUAX

We offer this Phosphate at prices so low that it is in reach of every orange grower and gardener. Prices F. O. B. can at Belleview, Florida :

Per ton: : Ur1c:1r.lec:1: : : ian.: IBvillc, 8 4 .00
Per ton:: : Dried, in: : Bt1U;, a.oo
Per ton:: : Burnt: ::, Ground: and: t5iaoited: 88.00

Put up !200-pound sacks. Orders for l loss than one ton, 50 cents per ton extra. Terms, cash with order. Send orders, and apply for further particulars,

testimonials, freights, etc., to

C. B. SMITH, President and General Manager, Jacksonville, Fla.

r "'


In compounding a solution a'part WM aec'dently' spilled on the hand
And on washing afterward It WM discovered that the hair was completely -
removed. We at once put this wonderful preparation, on the
Jie market and so great has been the demand that we are now introducing
GINGINNT1and .ti it throughout the world under the name of Queen's Antl-Ualrlne.

( @JfJ@ Lay the hair over and apply the mixture for a few minutes, and the
hair disappears as if by magic without the slightest pain or Injury wbea
applied or ever afterward. It It unlike any other preparation ever said
';@rJI@ : : fora like pnrpoet. Thousands of LADIES who have been annoyed
with hair on their TA CE, NECK and AnUS attest 1U merits.
r GENTL.KMKN who donot appreciate beard or hair on their neck,
4 'Vestibuled from end to end.! Solid train carrying Pullman's Finest Buffet Drawing -HHium. ui-ii 'i Cad priceless boon la' Qnoen's Anti-IIalrlne dots away
< with: Bhavlng. by rendering Its future growth an titter Impossibility.
Room Sleeping Cars from ST. AUGUSTINE to CINCINNATI without change. Lighted with gas. Price of Qaeenl Antl-Halrlne 11. per bottle, sent In safety mailing boxes postage paid br us (securely
Day Coaches have convenience cf toilet,smoking apartment, etc., and! are attended by an experienced sealed from observation). Send money or stamps by letter with full address written plainly. Correspondence -
strictly confidential. Itoontaln.
This advertisement Is honest and straight forward in every word
porter. No extra charge. Leaves St. Augustine Daily, 11:05 A. M.; Jacksonville, 1:"; P. M.; Callahan .. We Invite yon to deal with DC and you will find everything as represented. Cut this out and
,153 P. M.; Waycrou, *:M P. M.; Je.up 6:10: P. M. Arrives Macon,11:31 P. 1(.;Atlanta,5:40: A.M.; end to-day. Address QUEEN CHEMICAL CO., 174 Race Street, CINCINNATI'. O. You MD
resister your letter at any Poet Office to InJUre lu safe delivery. W> will pay S50O for any ase
Chattanooga, 8:00 A. M.;Cincinnati,7:30 P. M., and Chicago, 7.-00 A. }I. of failure or slightest Injury to any purchaser. Every bottle &uarant.ed.lOPEIlLTo '

ladlte who latrodatt aod sell amoic their Meads 30 Bottle Queen's AxM-Zalriae.
et "THE omo SPECIALafJ..SOLID! TRAIN.. win present with SIX.K: : .. lirsrd. beet Ilk. :Xxtra Large Bottle sad eamee
gags- of silk to select from seal with ...... seal Raises or Conmlssion to Aceate.DEAFNESS r

Pullman and Mann Buffet Sleeping Cars from JACKSONVILLE to CINCINNATI without chaste.

Leaves Jacksonville Dally, 7:33 P. M.Callahan, 8:10 P.M.; Waycross, 10:30 P. M.; Jeiup, 11:55: P.M.j; STATE BANK OF FLORIDA"XOT

.Arrives at Macon, 5:11: A. M.; Atlanta, 8:25 A. M.; Chattanooga, 2:00: P. M. Leave Chattanooga, T.-OO ,
P. M., arrives in Cincinnati, 7:90 A. M., and Chicago 6:30 P. M.Throvgh ITS CAUSES AND CURE, lJACKSONVILLE CO RP O nATED."

Sleeping Can leave Chattanooga for Washington, Philadelphia and New York at 8:35 A. 11.; Scientifically treated by an aurist of world-wide FLORIDA.
reputation. Deafness eradicated: and :
t:l utuff Scenic Shenandoah Valley Route. cured, of from 20 to 30 years' standing, after entirely all I Capital $30,000.00
other treatments have failed. How the difficulty ,

Rates to all Eastern Points are as low by these lines as bv any all rail route For berth reservation is reached and the cause removed, fully explained old Bibles then
in make
circulars, with affidavits and testimonials your family ; at
*, folders and all information, apply to any Ticket Agent in Florida, or to REPAIR
of cures from prominent people, mailed as new. DaCosta Printing and P -

F. M. JOLLY, Dist. Pass. Agt., 82 W. Bay St., Astor Block, JACKSONVILLE, FLA.B. free.Dr. A. FONTAINE, 19 East 14th St., N. Y. lashing House,Jacksonville, Fla.

W. WRENN, C. N. KIGIIT, per dar
5 to $15 illt
Gen'l Pass. Ticket Art, Ant Gen'l Pass. Apt, (tome,
ace p1a11qJ evcby.vuebeetUev
r., Aa Plate the
flactt t-f jewelry food uBe
s *, ea all kind or metal
with gold direr er nlckrt.X .
.ifrUnc Ho etpluL.Xrvrr .
......,hat rood D *4-
lit pistinr. wb i uitt _
....u fi Writ for eimOoOolut I
Jara. II.E.DEI.O-M
) >, ...O.
Notice to Shippers and Others Interested.On .

March the 1st ult. I disposed of my interestIn Clark's Cutaway
MADE BY Fitting young men for the active duties of life. the CHICAGO SOUTHERN FRCIT: &VEGETABLE IIAKROWS AND CULTIVATORS.
THE DEMING CO SALEM Chartered by the Legislature of Virginia, and
,, endorsed by the Chamber of Commerce, Council: DESPATCH LINE, and am no longer connected I keep in stock seven styles, cutting in width
HENION & from two ((2)) to six ((6)) feet, at prices from Jio.ootojjl.ee.
HUBBELL, and prominent citisensof the city where located.: with that corporation.an official or stockholder. Send for
western Ajnti, :BIC.l.QO.ILr.. For catalogue,circulars and testimonials,addressJ. catalogue.
tf[ rttt for Catalogue ana T&mATZt' i ow SrxATiva, C.9DUKSUOJU4 PrteUtat, Stauatca Ta. XU. EDWAXD C.IEvy, K. >HUBBUID, Gen.State Agent
4 I4.3t Federal 7.iat, Fla.

i .






The magnificent Steamships of this Line are appointed -

t to sail as follows, calling Charleston, S. C.,

Both ways :
From New York. From Jacksonville,
(Pier 29, E. R.) STEAMER Florida.

f Wednesday, Apr. 2j'that 3 P.M..ALGONQUIN." ......Tuesday, May 3d, at 10:30: A. M
Friday Apr. zjth at 3 P. M ..... "CHEROKEE," .....Thursday, May sth, at 12:00: N'N
Monday, May 2dat3 v. M..... "SEMINOLE, ......Sunday, May Sth, at 2:30P.M
Friday May 6th, at 3Po- M....... "IROQUOIS.". ......WednesdayMay 11th, at 4:00: A. M
Monday, May 9th at 3 P. M.... .. "ALGONQUIN," .....Sunday, May 15th, at 6:30: A. M
1i Wednesday May nth, at 3 P. H...... "CHEROKEE," ...Tuesday.. May I7th at 8:00: A. M
Friday May 13th, at 3 P. ."SEMINOLE" ......Thursday, May 19th,at zoo A. M
1 Monday, :\laYI6th.at 3 p. M."IROQUOIS.Sundaq, May 22d, at IOOP.H
Friday May moth at 3 P. M...... "ALGONQUIN" ......Thursday, May 26th, at 5:30: A. M
Monday, May mad, at 3 P.M..CHEROKEE.Sunday. May 29th, at 7:00: A. M
Wednesday, May 25th at 3 p. M."SEMINOLE.Tuesday, May 31 st, at 9x0: A. M
Friday May 27th, at 3 P. H...... "IROQUOIS," 0 Thursday June 2d, at*10:30: A. M


For Sanford Enterprise and intermediate points on St. Johns River. The Elegant Iron Side-
Wheel Steamers "CITY OF JACKSONVILLE," Capt. W. A. Shaw; FRED'K DEBARY," Capt.T. .
W. Lund. Jr., are appointed to sail from Jacksonville, daily except Saturday, at 3:30 p. m', and
from Sanford daily except Sunday, at 9 a. m. steamer John GrIS Christopher
Leave 3:30 p. M.......... ............. ...Jacksonville............................Arrive 11:45 P. M FROM JACKSONVILLE
u .8.-OOP.: M..................... .......Palatfca................. .............Leave 7:00: p. M FROM NEW YORK.Thursdays
.. 1.30 A. M.......................... ....Astor....:.............................. It :zoo: p. M May 19 and June 2. Fridays, May 27 and June 10.
:: 245 A. M............ ...............St. Francis............................... *: 1245 P. M Fruit and and 4.
300A. M....,.............. .........Beresford............................... 11:45 A. 11 This steamship hag been built especially for carrying and New York hours.Vegetable,
II 6:oo A. M...........................Blue Springs.............................. ". 11:00: A. M perfectly retaliated. Time between Jacksonville 72
Arrive 8ooA. M...... .... ...................Sanford... ............ ........ ...... goo: A. M W. H. CHRISTOPHER W. A. SOMERVILLE, JNO. G. CHRISTOPHER,
9.1SA.;: : M.... .......................Enterprise...... ....................... 9:30:: A. M Agent,Jacksonville. Agent New York. Gen'l Man'r, Jacksonville.

General Passenger and Ticket Office, 88 West Bay St., Jacksonville. o Pier 49, East River.

JOHN L. HOWARD, Florida Freight Agent, foot Laura Street, Jacksonville Fla.
F. M. IRONMONGER, Jr., Florida Passenger Agent, 88 West Bay St., Jacksonville Fla. SAVANNAH LINE.Time
MARSHALL. II. CLYDE, Assistant Traffic Manager S Bowling Green, New York. .
,v. F. OGDEN FAY, Traveling Passenger Agent, 88 West Bay Street.
TIIEO. G. EGER, Traffic Bowling Green New York.
Manager 5
J. A. LESLIE, Superintendent, foot Laura Street Jacksonville Fla.WM. 53 to 55 hours between Savannah, New York and Philadelphia, and

between Boston and Savannah,. 65 to 70 hours.
P. CLYDE & CO., Gen'l Agents,

12 South Delaware Avenue, Philadelphia. 5 Bowling: Green, New York.

I NG ERFECTION :PE1s: e4caL e 1131ktaa 2

!teat. Late.t lnpwt+e.i ..'i lheup U Our 1'ertrellon+udt'mptre Between Jacksonville and New York: First-class, $25.60 ; Intermediate, $19.00; Excursion, $4J.J9
r PnnipmUr the liquid atnomitic&ll and wilt tpray 10U Tree Per llaur.W Steerage, $12.50.
.make tb.Little Gem and t>*rfleld Knp.*ek Sprayer and th. Vcrmorel.fin*
pray nozzle,most economical ipraj noiil*in thi worli.Alto a UOFM Power Sprayer at low price.
Intermediate Excursion $
and Boston Cabin $27.00 $21.00 : $47.30; Steerage, i4.f
W.cell But hat.of Copper, Part Green and London PorpU at wholesale] prteo. Catalof he..rt'rltI Jacksonville : ;
addrMi plalnlytTln Munty.FIELD FORCE PUMP CO.1*a UrUtal Ave.LOCKPOI&TN.Y. I The magnificent Steamships of this Company are appointed to sail as follows:


[Central or 900 Meridian Time.]

EST.A.I3LISHED: 18715. City of IJirmingham .................... ... ........... .........Wednesday,June 1st, 10.00 a.m
City Augusta.... .....................................................Friday June 3d, 12.30 p.m
Tallahassee..........................................................Saturday June 4th 1.30 p.m
; WILLIAM A. FOURS & CO. Kansas City. ....................................................... ....Monday June 6th, 3.00 p.m
Chattahoochee ................................................... Wednesday,June Sth, 3.30a.m
Nacoochee...............................................................Friday,June loth, 5.00 a.m
WHOLESALE City of Hlrmingham............................. ..................Suturday June nth, 5.30 p.m
City of Augusta............................................. .... ...Monday June 13th, 7.00 p.m
Tallahassee....................................................... Wednesday: June 15th, 8.30 a.m
Grain Garden Seeds and Fertilizers Kansas City........................................................ .0 Friday,June 17th, 10.30a.m
Chattahoochee.........................................................Satu ay.June i8th 12.00 m
Nacoochee.. ...........................................................Monday,June 2oth. 2.00 p.m
20 BAY City of lllrmingham........... ................................ 22d, J.ooa.m
WEST STREET, JACKSONVILLE, FLA.I City of Augusta..... ..,.......... ........... ...................'VednesdaY'June 24th, 5.00 a.m
Tallahassee.........................................................Saturday,June 25th, 5.30 p.m
HANDLE ONLY THE BEST AND MOST RELIABLE SEEDS. A COMPLETE STOCK. Kansas City........................................................Monday, June 27th, 7.00 p.m
Chattahoochee...................................................Wednesday,June 29th, 9.ooa.m

Hay Corn Oats Flour Bran Wheat Grits Meal FROM SAVANNAH TO BOSTON.

City of Macon ....'..................... .............,............Thursday,June 2d, 11.30 a.m
Gate City.......................... .................................. Thursday,June 9th, 4.30 p.m
Bright and Dark. City of Macon....4................................................. Thursday,June 16th, 9.3oa.m
Gate City... ............................................,............. Thursday,June 23d, 4.30 p.m
STATE AGENT FOR City of Macon..... ........... ".... "..,. .... .....,. .... .0. .Thursday, Juue 30th, 10.00 a.m

NITRATE SODA, -- (This Ship does NOT Carry Passeugers.).

Star Brand Fertilizers, Dessotig.............................. ....................... ........Wednesday,June ist, lo.ooa.m
MURIATE OF POTASH Deasoug...............................................................Saturday,June nth s.3op.m
f GUARANTEED ANALYSIS, Dessoug............................................... ........ ...... Tuesday June 21st, 3.00 p.m

Orange Tree and Vegetable KAINIT Etc THESE PALACE STEAMERS,

FERTILIZER. Connecting with the Savannah Florida and Western Railway (Waycross Short Line), offer to the
Public and Shippers advantages equalled by no other line.
These Fertilizers have superior in the market and trial will convince. Traveling
no a
Bills and Northwest via
Through Ticket and of Lading issued to principal points North, East ;
Savannah. For information and rooms apply to _
B. R. PRICE. Soliciting Agent, W.H. LUCAS Fla. Pass.Agent,
GREAT OFFER FACTOBt I UPRIGHT PIANOS. 77 West Bay Street Jacksonville. 77 West Bay Street,Jacksonville.
Pianos: FINEST FACTORY New Pier No.35,North River New York. City Exchange Building, Savannah, Ca.
and RICHARDSON & BARNARD.Agents, Lewis' Wharf, Boston.W. .
Organs, IN UNITED STATES. L. JAMES, Agent, 13 S.Third Street, Philadelphia.J. .
$36.Always ready for QUICK SHIPMENTS of Finest >. HASHAGEN, Eastern Agent Sav., Fla. & Western Ry.Co., 261 Broadway. N. Y.
On trial ba Pianos and Organs Direct to Your Homes. A. DeW. SAMPSON General Agent W. E. ARNOLD Gen. Trav. Pass. AgL,Jacksonville, Via.
----- 306 Washington St., B gton. W. II. RHETT, General Agent
JOurhom.before From REV.JAS. M. POTTS D.D. editor l pe7lnglor Christian Advocate DetroitMich.: "To say that

: AddreMTb we the are(fact.delighted We with the Piano If all does not instruments express you need stationery of any kind-paperpens
are jubilant.
A I your DO and ink? If so, send to D.Costa Pnxt- AlE SICKlYElOO
T 6woeer ft Son Piano Orgazu are as fine in appearance and as pleasing in tone as
BEAVER FALLS, PA this one,your patrons will rise by the hundred." tug and Publishing House,Jacksonville.FlawELLSUPPLIESKbAafJ.e4MJ I Isubject

From PROF;E.:"H. PECK, Valhermoso Springs, Ala..: "We could not be pleased better with
w utejcasing or tone;quick in response and melodious. In short we are highly pleased with the organ." HG CHILDPir
From B. D. GRIGGS,Adairsvflle, Ga.: "I am well pleased with the organ in every respect. It is _
all *claim it to be." I
yot .
to SPASMS aramott llktl trvnbied wit1.WD
From Y. M. C. A.,'per T. G. COOLEY HillsborolN. C.: liThe organ gives entire satisfaction.. u The beet rttmed.r.tor tau U Mae ..*.......
Krery one who has seen it is very much pleased with the instrument and the price on the tame." R.S'B.A.FAHNCSTOCK'SVfRMlFLnuvMao4nev [
t Thom BEN. F. STEELS Preseot. Ark.: "Mramilvji well pleased.fa every reaped with the 1J-I S.ClJfArS.CHICAGOILL.l B.eeNJ. .rfallB. OMrr. <
rr... How you tell them so cheap(. wonder ELM STKXKT.DALLAS,TEXAS. f *"** II-- 1M.tb&tU I.atUAla are Do .t ..aToWtaci

.. .
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Blood and Bone, Chicago Bone: Meal: ,

Pu.re Fine: Ground: Bone: Dark:: and Bright: Cotton Seed Meal: "

Animal Bono and Potash: Tobacco Stems: ,

Blood, Bone and Po1ash., Canada Hard Wood Ashes,

Pulverized Animal Bone, Sulphate of Potash, &0. '>.,




CEO E. WILSON, .- 50 West Bay Street, Jacksonville, Fla.JOHN .

President. Vice-President.
By Buying the FERTILIZERS that are Manufactured by the OLD ESTABLISIIED
Cashier. Assistant Cashier.

CAPITAL*; $100,000. and RELIABLE FIRM, The


Respectfully solicits your Deposits, Collections and General ,
Banking :Business.CORRESPONDENCE These FERTILIZERS are made especially for the .

b. < '

4. .*'. : INVITED. Orange, Vegetable and Pineapple Growers of Florida.

Southern Office and Warehouse at Jacksonville, Florida. 4,

John L. Marvin, A. B. Campbell, Chas. Marvin, O. WEEKS, State Agent,
Jas. P. Taliaferro, T.W. Roby, Judge R. B.Archibald,
W. B. Clarkson, C. B. Rogers, W. M. Davidson, .
No. 8 Bostwick Block.
Dr. H. Robinson. John E. Hartridge. I

e' TO ALL BUYERS Catalogue dworibing:our Fertilizers, with prices and testimonials, lent free
OF upon application. f



.a' ..r fowls sentexpress
ll HEREAFTER, by ,
will go at one-half the former
rates-a great saving to my cus
'' tomers. This is by special arrangement Bowker'sOrange
and is confined to
fowls from my yards.
: I"'" :. We are the largest breeders off
: : thoroughbred poultry in Florida.
Come and see our stock or send
: ... for our illustrated catalogue and
price list of 14 varitties, Grower.
z ,. ;_- r: Poultry supplies of all kinds. ,
Incubators and Brooders, Shell
-r .r' and Bone Mills, Clover Cutters,
Wire Netting,Desiccated Fish and
Boiled Blood and Bone to make FIRM FRUIT that holds on until it is
hens lay. BRIGHT
; a strong, healthy, vigorous growth of
; '' both tree and fruit are the results reported by large
_t ..', __ Ormond, Fla and experienced planters in Florida who are using

this popular Fertilizer. It supplies to the tree at the

NURSERIES OF THE proper time, in the proper form, and in the proper

Milwaukee l Flopida O'aqge CD. maturity.proportions,all the elements to bring perfect, healthy

Selected strains of Choicest Varieties of Citrus Fruit Trees a Specialty.
Budding-Wood for sale at all times. VEGETABLE
Our stock is large and complete PROMPT ATTENTION TO CORRESPONDENCE. -
For Catalogue and Price-List,address GROWER are also special complete Fertilizers,

: A. L. DUNCAN, Manager, Dunedin, Fla. carefully and scientifically compounded for the purposes
mentioned, and are extensively used in Florida. BOW


KIAIE FOR SALE, combination for those requiring these ingredients.
Chemicals at market rates.
or would exchange for bearing grove and pay
cash difference Forty acres of rich Pine Ham- Send for Illustrated Catalogue, Free.
PIANOS. mock land. Thirty acres cleared, together with
plank causeway, ( mile Ion?, with dock and FERTILIZER )
UNEQUALLED IN ferry x mile from Grabamville, on Ocklawaha BOWKER COMPANY. J JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA.
Tone,Touch,Workmansh p 5 Durability River;4 miles from Silver Springs. AddressA.

" Baltimore,22 and 24 East Baltimore Street. TREADWEL.L-
New York, 148 Fifth Ave ,
washinFton, 817 Market Space Redding, COlla.I .
: : : _
.. .' ,'<(.. -,:;' -
_. ;. ":,-: I
4" '



'A- *
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