Florida farmer & fruit grower
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055765/00234
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: S. Powers
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: May 26, 1892
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note: Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038466
oclc - 01387403
notis - AKM6256
lccn - sn 95026761
System ID: UF00055765:00234
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen

Full Text

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.. CON80LI.t'. :

Proprietors. ='M s,, r JACKSONVILLE, FLA., MAY 26, 1892. w-u L ,: 1316 Vol.I\, No. 21.
... JS and L ._ _
.;lJ ,d ( '
& RIPLEY .t..MIIDO Ccl *:acker & Son


57 CHATHAM ST., BOSTON. 't 3 Imported direct from the Azores now ready for delivery. i iC ?
Price Catalogues. of weekly sales furnished HAYNES, YOUNG & BAILEY, Superintendents, a.
on application. ... ..
P. O. Box 492. ORLANDO, FLA.

BARNETT BROS.AGENTS, f T y" Hastin s' Improved Lapp Purple E fe PlantNow e.o 1 -c:

Offered for the First Time Is Absolutely Pure. ..
Wholesale Oommisrion-Fruits and Yegetablw.
Prompt returns. Stencil on application.ti Seed of high vitality; plants strong, vigorous and thornless; fruit large; dark
Routh Water Street ChIC".A' rich purple color; entirely free from light streaks; weighs 5 to 6 pounds each.A And Building Meterlal.CHARLESTON .


JF SUCCESSORS TO Packet, 10 cents; J oz., 25 cents; oz., 50 cents; J lb., $1.75; lb., $6.00. s. C.

166 :Reade Street,Yew York. H. G. HASTINGS & CO., BENTON & UPSON'
Oranges lemons, Pineapples, and all other XN'rgR.LA.CHEN. FLORIDA.. .
Fruits and early truck, also dried fruit nuts, tJAcKSONVILLkE, Fl1R..

furs.All etc.consignments promptly remitted for-Stencils WE MAKE THEM!
and market reports furnished free.: .' .
References Bradstreets,and established IRRIGATING
: merchants -
and banks of the South._ WHAT ARE THEY?

LILLY I & WHOLESALE CO., The Virginia Ventilated Fruit CarriersFOR MACHINERY

No. 41-6 Baskets, three-quarter No. 34-IC-quart gift crate.
No. 42-4 one-half BD8bel'l No.36-32- II "
COMMISSION I MERCHANTS. No. 50-2, 1. 44 No. 30-32- II standard crate.
Send for catalogues,prices and samples.' Steam Horse Power.
218 King Street,Chattanooga Tenn.
Consignments Solicited.__ SOUTH SIDE MFG. CO., Petersburg, Va.


AMERICAN EXOTIC NURSERIES. Southernmost Establishment in U. S. Pipe, Pipe Fitting, Brass

Jfetr, :Rare and Elegant 1'lants of Entry oe ESTABLISHED 1883. Valve, Hose, Etc.
s Rare new fruits;Shrubbery;Ornamental plants-Palms,Orchids,Ferns
Palms, Orchids, Cacti and Bamboos, : l Bamboos,Cactus,Conifers,Aquatics. Stock safely shipped over the whole WRITE FOR ESTIMATES.

Shade and ornameatal trees and shrubs for South.. world. Fine illustrated catalogue of 100 pages sent on receipt: of loc.: Clean,
,. ern for lawns the and greenhouse garden or Choice conservatory.: exotic plants o ytil-frJ. healthy stock. Low prices.lREASONEB. PEARS FOR FKDFIT IN THE SOUTH.

all the leading varieties,budded from bearing
trees on our own grounds and guaranteed JENNINGS NURSERY CO.,
true to name. THOMA8VILLE, OA.
All the New and Desirable Tropical JOHN CLARK SON & CO.
Fruits.. Our 88 page Illustrated and Descriptive .
for tells all about these ,and Biz days rariiei than
Catalogue 1892 .
thin any varltiT t .is sent free to applicants.! Address hs Agricu'll Ex. Grounds
_Seven Oaks, Fla. greenish tender, tweet w bite and pulp da I
llrlouj. Tbe 011)7) sr pa
POULTRY FOOD I ILk -DEALERS IN- earliness than ranks and tint qnilltr.both its
lieu Tine sealed) wlUfcj
Coal Hay Grain Wines Liquors Cigars Tobacco Etc. z our mark registered labrl. Send irad for>,
,. .....xI.w"1ur{...r Inform.ttoD. ARentswante41drt
u BTEP"UI wYT.0"8.\ .New Canaan.Ct

Trade Mark. jjFENCINQWIRE '
Make Hens Lay I l: .

Will Make Chickens Grow 1 Parker....................................81 75 J.Martin Eye.$3 00Virginia :
AND GOOD FOR MOULTING FOWLS. Orange Valley................... ....... 2 00 Glade .............. ......... 4 00
food is fresh meat carefully Spring Valley..... ..................... 2 SO Old Bourbon ....................../..... 5 00
This strictly: North' Carolina Corn................... 2 50 Kentucky SourJar.h.... ............ 5 00
cooked ground fine seasoned and hermetically Clifton Club ............ ............... Old Baker................... ......... 5 00
e&led in 8-lb. cans. Being ground fine it can Montrose Velvet.................80 00
be readily mixed with soft food and fed so as to
give each fowl share. Price cents Jugs Extra: One gallon,250; two gallon, ; three gallon,750. Remit by post office:'money
an equal 30 ordercheck: or registered letter., We cannot ship C.O.D. to dry tlWUI.
per can; |j.oo per dozen. Address HOLLIS A complete.pnce: ? list of Groceries: ,and Wine List,sent free on application.!
Boston Mass. [Mention paper.] 6aWtrall. JIELLUWOTUWIU

... ., c3C0..1A'F s

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It will destroy the SPIDER which is causing the fruit and leaves to drop and

in many cases killing the limbs. -

It will kill the MOVING SCALE. This is the hatching period and now is the time to spray.It i

will destroy the RUST MITE, of which Hubbard found 60,000 on a single leaf, thereby saving the cost ,of feeding such an enor-

mous mass of insect life, and by their destruction secure bright fruit. ':',.

It will not only prevent the oranges from rusting, but give them a bright, sparkling color that can be obtained in no other.way. -::*

-It will cure FOOT 'KOT aj event infection and spreading. -

It will destroy FlmC lBpMPGBOWTH, giving the trees a healthy appearance.It .

will, as Mr.ATlinja n llpPKarkely, Cincinnati) says, return you ten dollars for every one that it will cost. .

O e:Quart in 50. Gallons of Water is Sufficient. Spraying Outfits in Great Variety at Manufacturers',' Prices.

E. BEAN, Jaclcson.'V'ille, T 11 i.


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Is th t most effective compound yet discovered for destroying the insects infesting the orange tree, and is a sovereign

remedy foi the various forms of fungi on trees and plants. Being free from all substances of a caustic, corrosive or pois-

onous nat.ui e, it can be handled with perfect safety to the person, and applied to the trees at any stage of growth without

injury.This '
insecticide has been used by some of the largest orange growers in the State during the past two years, and has

given perfect satisfaction. References furnished on application.For ..

Rust Mite use one, quart to fifty gallons of water. When used at this strength the trees should be sprayed'forthe

Rust Mite twice a month through the season. Where labor constitutes the principal item of expense in spraying treesit

is better and cheaper to use the Insecticide at full strength, viz.: One gallon of solution to 50 gallons of water, as the
fumes from the Insecticide will kill the Rust Mite even if the solution should not happen to touch them. In using the

Insecticide at this strength it will save three.or four sprayings through the season, thereby reducing the cost from one-

third to one-half.: This is an Advantage Possessed by no Other Preparation of Sulphur. If used in this manner it

will also kill the other insects that may be moving on the trees.

For Red Spider and Scale, use one gallon to fifty gallons of .water. General directions for using sent on application.Price .

20c. Per Gallon, in barrels. If there is no agent in your vicinity, write for price delivered.

Spraying Apparatus furnished to our customers at cost.

. : McMASTER & MILLER, San Mateo and Citra, Fla.



R .:$*f. THE .!. FLORIDA .!. DISPATCH .?. LINE 4$. t'

The Great, Fast Express Freight System of the South.

The attention of shippers is drf'!' ted to the Plant S. S.Line between Havana Key West and Tampa and South Florida Railway between Tampa and Sanford;S.,F.&W.Ry.between Jacksonville:
Gainesville,Bainbridge, River Junction and Savannah;Savannah and Charleston,and Ocean Stea nship Line between Savannah, Philadelphia, Boston and New York, and Merchants and Miner
Transportation Company between Savannah and Baltimore. The best equipped, fastest ani oust prompt lines between all points in Florida and all points North and Northwest.. '
Receivers and Shippers Will Profit by the Following Unparalleled Connections:
,/;Double daily fast freight service for all points West via Albany, Jesup, Bainbridge and 1 j I daily fast freight service from all points North and West via Albany, ,Jesup
Savannah. and Savannah to all points in Florida; fast freight trains both via Gainesville,Jacksonville,CaU
i Daily fast freight all rail connection via the Atlantic Coast Line to all Eastern, Interior and han and Live Oak
Coast points including New York,Boston, Philadelphia.Baltimore Washington and Providence. 1|i i I Four ships a week by the fleet steamships of the Ocean Steamship Company, sailing from New
Four connections a week for New York via Ocean Steamship Company, leaving Savannah York(New Pier 35.North River)direct for Savannah Monday Wednesday, Friday and Saturday.The .
M bndays.Wednesdays, Fridays and Saturdays. Boston and Savannah Steamship Company's steamers will leave Boston June 2,9.16,at and
Two connections a week for Baltimore,via Merchants' and Miners' Transportation Company, 30 for Savannah direct,making connection on the dock at Savannah with fast eight trains for all
leaving Savannah every Wednesday and Saturday. points in Florida.
Connections for Boston via Boston and Savannah Steamship Company leaving Savannah Junes From Philadelphia via Ocean Steamship Co.,leaving Philadelphia June 6,16,26,every five days
,9,r6,23 and 30.Connections. from regular sailing day via New York to Savannah.
for Philadelphia every ten days via Ocean Steamship Company, leaving Savannah From Baltimore via Merchants and Miners Transportation Co., every Tuesday and Friday.
June i, 11,21. making close connection with S.,P. &W. Ry.for all points in Florida.
Sailing days for Steamships are subject to change without notice.
The Florida Dispatch Line Is the quickest and best freight route from all points North, East and West to Florida. For full particulars, rates, stencils and shipping
receipts apply to any agents Of the above lines, or to. ,,':\[. P. IIAKDii: ::, Gen'l Freight Agent, Savannah, Ga.
C..OWENS,Tra1Dc.1\lanager'Sayannab, Oa. F. B. PAPY,Asst.Traffic Manager, Savannah, Ga. W. )[. DAVIDSON, Gen'l PasengerAgt.,Jacksonville, Fla
"' J. K. DKAYTON, Trav. Agent,Jacksonville.
J. P. JORDAN Trar. Agent Qulncy. .
.. .


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HE ltO IDA DrsPJITclt:



rope and Orchard. average annual yield of an acre of TREES THAT ARE IN BLOOM new growth so early in the season,

bearing trees. are injured by the cold than those in thus enabling them to stand with

-- The U. S. census for 1880 shows which the was mostly dormant. much better results. Such trees are
Profits in Semi-Tropical Fruits.A that the average yield of wheat in this This same law applies to other than also early bearers, nearly all varieties

bulletin issued by the United country is thirteen bushels per acre. the citrus family of trees and accountsfor fruiting the second season from bud.

States Department of Agriculturesome Wheat is worth now in New York the fact of injury to kakis, Japan While, of course, the fruit would be

time ago gave statistics as to the about 91 cents. Yield of an acre, chestnuts, and other trees considered just as liable to injury from cold, the

vast area of lands in this $11.83.But perfectly hardy, both here and iurther trees themselves will prove much more
country the wheat farmer raises nearly north. In illustration of which I hardy. It is true that the orange

suited to the production of tropicaland everything that is consumed on his note a water oak nearly thirty feet worked on the trifoliata stocks will

semitropical fruits and nuts. table; the orange grower nothing. high, in full growth, cut back by the produce butA

From this it appears that we have not There the difference is against the spring frost of '90 as badly as an or- DWARF TREE,

as yet occupied but one acre in a hundred latter. ange tree; in fact, it has not yet fully just how much so I do not think we
of this vast domain while of .
recovered. Also a native hickory two yet know, but the fact may not at all
land adapted to figs, for instance, we Vitality of Citrus Trees in Withstanding -
inches in diameter, which in the same prove a disadvantage. Such trees
have in cultivation at the time Cold.
present freeze was killed to the ground. I could be much easier protected in
only one acre out of 673. [Paper read before the State Horticultural Societyat
Ormond.] also know of instances of citrus trifo- case of severe cold, the fruit can be
From the tables referred deduce
the to we for- That the citrus family is one of remarkable liata being killed to the ground whenin gathered more cheaply, and from the

following yield per acre vigor and vitality those of growth. fact of the tree being planted so much
each Almonds
crop given : $1 12;
bananas us who have passed so much of our This law is of great importance to closer, the yield per acre would probably -
$414; cocoanuts, $26; figs, I
fall but little short of standard
lemons limes Madeira time in its pleasant company are well us in our choice of
$68; $136; $125; -
trees. This law could I think be
aware. It will this vitality ,
nuts, $103; olives, $54; oranges, STOCK FOR BUDDING, used to our advantage through double
under neglect and starvation as wellas
$36; pecans, $59; pineapples, $371; in its recuperative after a unless, indeed, we choose to use the working, budding the sour stock with
and pomelos, $159, the total average sweet seedling, and from its liability to trifoliata the
value of all therein. freeze. It is well that in this latter as near ground as possible -
per acre products disease, greater expense in gatheringthe and budding the sweet varieties
mentioned point it has a limit, for even as it is ,.
being $52. crop, and generally acknowledged into the trifoliata. Trees worked in this
its extended and extending culture is
From this it will be that the
seen enough to bring thoughtful consideration inferiority of fruit, it can hardly be manner, which are planted in groves,
most profitable fruits are the banana, used the best it is be
of future profit-and do not start growth or bloom so earlyin
the pomelo, and the pineapple, of prospects. of its habits of
This cause constant growth spring as standard trees. The treesI
question of the vitality of the
which Florida has almost .
a monopoly; that would discard the
in we lemon as a have are not so situated that I can
citrus relation to capability of en-
while the in which California .
crops stock on which to work the orange. give conclusive evidence as to especial
during cold is one which repeated re
takes precedence, such as olives, figs, While this is imperative in the north hardiness as compared with those not
minders has led us to look as one
Madeira and almonds
nuts occupy of our earliest considerations.After ern portion of the orange belt, it is worked, but I have never had one so
only a second rank in profitableness. also desirable for the southern for
; worked that has been severely injuredby
a severe cold, such as the freezeof
Cocoanuts rank lowest of all and of
while the ]lemon stock make
may a cold. I have never had one
these Florida all 86 and 87, we find numerous re
probably produces more productive orange tree, the frozen at the surface of the groundeven -
ports as to this or that particular va-
that in the United States.
are grown earlier flow of in the lemon stock
sap small trees-as is common with
riety best resisting the cold and from
Oranges come next in the scale ranking
causes it to put out and bloom earlier both sweet and sour stock, they being
the of it
diversity opinion expressed
i at which will bea
a figure probably would to be a subjectfor than if on orange stock, thus leavingit planted so that the junction of the
surprise to most of readers proper
our much liable from
our discussion. more to injury late trifoliata with the sour stock is below
though we shall doubtless have to And it is better havean
spring Irosts. to the surface, thus getting the benefitof
make the honest confession that the THIS DIVERSITY OF OPINION of annual
assurance an average the hardier trifoliata.
lowness of it is largely due to the great must be very confusing to new comers, crop than to have an extraordinarylarge

number of poorly kept or absentee. while in truth such statements are one cut off by the cold, and the HARDY AND PROFITABLE.

owned groves in Florida, whose annual simply facts, showing the varying con- "frost line" is not readily located at They will, I imagine, prove, as it

product is insignificant.Poor ditions in which the several trees are the time of these spring frosts. were, a half dwarfalthough the largesttree

as Florida lemons are in found. If we accept as a fact the law Now if this law were one over whichwe I have, a Tangerine, is now fifteen -

quality, it will be remarked that theyare that the vitality of the citrus in relation had no control, it would be simply feet high. Such trees are good

vastly more profitable than or to capability of enduring cold depends interesting, as a fact, but if it can in growers, and a point in their favor is

anges. In limes also probably Florida upon the condition of the sap of that any way be made use of to our advantage that they are early bearers and very

takes the lead in production, and individual tree, these apparently con or influenced by us, it immediately prolific, and will,I believe, be of valueto

these show nearly four times as greata tradictory statements are at once har- becomes of importance to us : us in making profitable, cheaply

return per acre as oranges.If monized. this law
to know how we may so use or influence grown oranges. Again, can
the orange groves of Florida average This law applies to all the citrus it as to be benefited by it. One be influenced; if so, to what extent?

only $36 an acre in annual family and is the true reason why we : make of it is
to use to
return, what must the poorest be? find a lemon tree, perhaps unimpaired,

There is, however, a very liberal margin while a neighboring orange tree is USE THE CITRUS TRIFOLIATAas the effects of different treatment of

to be allowed here in considera.j badly hurt by frost, and one orange a stock on which to work citrus. our groves in starting the spring

tion 'of the immense acreage tree will be cut back, while the surrounding Trifoliata is considered the most growth, or can it be retarded or accelerated -

groves not yet come into bearing. ones escape. The lemon capable of resisting cold
Every acre of wheat sown in the scarcely stops its growth through the citrus family, owing to the fact that fall or early spring cultivation? Fer-

Northern States counts in the crop winter, neither does the lime, and the sap, even early in the fall ceasesto tilizers, the effect of fall fertilizing,

returns of the following year, both are much more liable to injury flow so fully as to cause it to dropits what is the result of using nitrogenousmanures

while of the orange grove from cold than the orange tree, and leaves, and becomes a deciduoustree. like cotton seed meal, are the

acreage, even at this late day, yet, bud the lemon on the sour orangeas It also remains dormant in the conditions that require careful study, .

probably one-half would have to be a stock, and we have a tree nearly, spring, until after other varieties of and we shquld] not too soon jump at a

set down as non-bearing or just be- .if not quite, as hardy as the stock on oranges ark in full growth. conclusion through the effect of one ,

ginning to bear. Therefore we may which it is worked, showing that the Other varieties Of oranges workedon experiment.Let .

safely assert that $72 per acre would I law holds good. And as we have all trifoliata partake of this characterto us remember that there may be .

be more nearly a correct return for the noted how much more orange a large extent and will not start a some things we may not yet know j




about the business of growing oranges, from scale was due to the presence of I valuable one and should be tried by and that the only thing that has ever

and that it is still wise to live and the camphor tree. It was formerlythe I our orange growers." been given it, besides what was grownon
learn. rule of all reputable editors to clip How valuable do you think this dis the land, was about nine or ten

A. H. CRANE. such items of interest as they wantedto covery is? I am thinking of takingup hundred pounds of tobacco stems per

Nashua, Fla. republish and give proper credit to a collection for the purpose of defraying acre per year (costing $14 per ton).

The Marianna as a Stock for the : the original paper. But with time the expenses of exhibiting our In order that others may profit
Peach. things have changed, and of course last legislature at the World's Fair as from Mr. Gregory's experience, we

Editor Farmer and uit-Grower: editors had to change to keep up with a "legislature ashamed of its State." give below his method, which he

I believe it is now generally con- the march, you know. No editor of All those who consider my gentle in- kindly furnishes for the good of his

ceded that as a stock for the plum the the present day will condesend to re- quiry so valuable as the translators fellow laborers.THE .

Marianna is by far superior to all publish an item just as it was taken have made it, are invited to contributeto GREGORY PLAN.

others, but as a stock for the peach from an exchange, and especially give the above fund "by draft, postoffice In the first place Mr. Gregory's

there is a diversity of opinion. Some credit for it. No, that's not the style.If order or registered letter." idea is to improve the soil at the same

contend that peaches on plum roots an editor comes across an item But to be serious; I did not conveythe time the orange trees are fed. With
which ]Jie thinks his readers would be impression that scale had been
will grow very well for a few years this object in view he never fails to
and then suddenly die. There is "dead anxious" to read, he will cut it driven out, or kept out of my grove return to the soil each year a good

some ground for this opinion and it out and proceed to rewrite it so as to by camphor trees, and while the or- supply of vegetable matterhumus.About .

may prove to be a serious objection, I give it the appearance of having been ange tree by the camphor is still free the first of November of

but the subject has not been tested I written for his journal. In this way I from scale, there might be a dozen each year, after the grove has been

long enough to determine that point I am made to say a great many things other causes for its freedom. thoroughly cultivated with an Acme

fully to our satisfaction. We have about camphor trees that I will not The camphor tree may be a valuable harrow, a good quality of Southernrye

noticed that some varieties seem to do stand to. Not long after the FARMERAND insecticide in our orange grove is sown broadcast over the entire

better on this stock than others. So FRUIT GROWER published the and possessing qualities of driving grove.
innocent item it was caught scale from trees, but I must protest
far all the Peento family seem to take very up No further cultivation or attentionis
by the transformer and it has against everybody saying I said so.
well on it, while some of the Northern appeared given to the grove until about February .
to in dozen different shapes ED. RUMLEY.
varieties are more inclinedto me a ,
when the is fertilized
Keuka, Putnam grove
and has into the County.
die after growing a year or two although a year gone 1 4 with tobacco stems-about 900 poundsto
all right; but this might have resulted recorded past, still, like Banquo'sghost Tobacco Stems as an Orange Grove the acre. These stems are placed
from other causes than the it bobs up to plague the inventor. Fertilizer.Editor around the trees, commencing at the
stock which they were budded. The first came from a Philadel Farmer and Fruit Grower:
upon extremities of the branches and ex-
One of the advantages in its favor is phia paper like this : "A Mr. Rum- I. Would tobacco stems be beneficial tending out five or six feet. These

that it is entirely free from root knot. ley,of Keuka, Florida, has discoveredthat to an orange grove set out fifteen stems are "cultivated" into the soil

This has been disputed by some emi- camphor trees planted in an or- months ago and in rather poor condi immediately with a six-foot Acme

nent authorities, but why theanguillulawould ange grove will drive out the orange tion? harrow, heavily weighted.Mr. .
attack it in one section and not scale." 2. What is the best time to apply
Gregory uses what he calls the
in another is strange to me. I have This paralyzed me at once, becauseI them ?
i in cultivat-
"eight straight"
seen it growing in the same row with didn't know that I had discovered 3. What quantity per tree?
is he around the
ing-that zigzags
myrobolan and common plums and anything of the kind, and to have the 4. What is the analysis?
also with peach stocks; every other world discover that I had discovered a 5. Where can I obtain them ? trees one way and comes back another,
and then runs the cultivator in a
tree in the row wasjentirely: ruined; but discovery before I had discovered thatI 6. Are Green River tobacco stemsto
straight line down the sides.
the Marianna had not the slightest had discovered it, took my breath be recommended?
sign of any affection whatever. In no away. But I thought that it would be EVERARD. During March the rye in the mid-

instance has it shown any signs of root soon forgotten in this fast age and Orlando, Fla. i I dles, which has remained undisturbed
The analysis of tobacco stems given by the cultivator is plowed in. The
knot; hence, if ithas: ever been affectedin there was no use of my getting mad ,
other localities it surely could have about it, but before I got my normal by Massachusetts Station is as be. entire grove is then leveled by the

been but very slightly so. temperature about the collar another low, an average of six samples : Moisture Acme harrow, and the middles, thatis

The Marianna does not commenceto ghost appeared. 10.61; nitrogen, 2.29; potash, a space about six feet wide betweenrows
6.44 phosphoric acid, .60 soda, of trees, are planted in cow
in the ; ; .34 peas.
grow so early spring as many There came in mid-summer, while I
other things and it imparts that ten was swinging in hammock soothedby lime, 3.8p; magnesia, 1.23, insoluble In the meantime the cultivator is
other fruits budded it. my matter, ..82.Kentucky. kept running in the "8" form, and
upon the
:> gentle zephyrs as they come
and Missouri tobacco the trees are cultivated at least once a
This spring our Kelsey plums the forest on their
budded and trippingly through vary a good deal in their composition; week from the first of April to the last
were on peach myrobolanwere from the with this
way gulf, a paper
all killed by the late frosts, but camphor item, with two line head and they generally carry high percentagesof of October.By .
budded Marianna did nicotine, lime and nitrogen. Green the middle of June the cow peas
those on roots the leaded matter robed in such
gau- River tobacco varies according to the planted in the "middles" during April
not bloom until after the frost. We make blood
dy apparel as to course
my is The considerable size and
locality in which it grown. have attained
consider this a great advantage, as our I and down spinal column more
up my potash from 8.04 to 4.89, are plowed under. The land is then
fruit crop is oftener killed by,the late rapidly than the state of the thermometer may range
spring frosts than from other and other elements in proportion. cultivated again with the Acme. The
any prescribed : Well-kept tobacco stems of the variety cultivator is kept going around the
We the
cause. have not yet given
that it will succeed up stock "Mr. Rumley, a native Floridian, named, free from mold and rot, are a trees, but it leaves a strip of crabgrass
hope as a
has been successful in driving the scale good fertilizer. between untouched about six
fpr the peach and are still favorably
and everything in the insect line from
impressed with its behavior.S. We have had no experience in the feet wide.
L. BISHOP. his orange grove by planting camphortrees use of tobacco stems as a fertilizer for During October this grass is cut by

Cherokee Nurseries,Waycross, Ga. among his oranges. Camphortrees an orange grove, and we append an a mowing machine and made into
.-'>- grow well in California, and our account of a grove at DeLand published hay, and as fine hay as we have ever
What I Don't Know. growers should not be slow in testing in the Agriculturist sometimeago seen in Florida. Mr. Gregory filled

Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: this: valuable discovery." : his lofts last October and has fed three

'., Your request for an article from me "Some are born great, others "This is now one of the finest horses ever since,' sold quite a lot oft

l' was received some time ago. I was achieve greatness," etc., and so forth. groves for its age we have ever seen, at $i per 100, and still has fourteen
+ in hopes you had forgotten me'and I In[ the first place, while I might con the: trees being of uniform size and or fifteen tons left.

would be permitted to remain at my sider it an honor to be born in Florida shape over the entire fifty acres, aver- Although he has enough of last

work trying to overcome the bad effects the fact still remains that the aging probably sixteen to eighteenfeet year's hay to run him another season,

of the great drouth. But this writer was born in a genial clime, in height and with a spread of he will start his mower to work next

fc week's paper with what I know about 4,000 miles away. In the second branches fully the same distance in month, as he can find a ready sale for

* camphor trees and scale has so shaken place, I have not succeeded in driving circumference. The foliage is dark all he makes at $20 per ton.

$ me up that I have decided to tell whatI the scale, boots and baggage, out green and glossy and the trees are full In October after he has got all the

don't know about camphor trees. of my grove, and in the third place, I of fruit. Although not an expert at hay he wants, the crab grass is plowedin

About a year ago I noticed that the have not been planting camphor trees the business we would say that the the entire grove cultivated and

orange trees in the vicinity of the between my oranges, in fact I have crop this year would between 1,500 slanted, in rye again the following

camphor tree were entirely free from but one camphor tree on the place. and 2,000 boxes. The grove bore a month.

scale. I wrote to the FARMER AND The following is a recent.translation little last year, for the first time-about The hoe is used but little, although

FRUIT GROWER stating this fact, and of my poor item of inquiry: 300 boxes. grass is never allowed to grow under

asked the question if any one had "The discovery of Mr. Rumley, of Mr.\ Gregory informs us that not an the tree or around its roots, yet Mr.

similar experience. I was not bold Keuka, of getting rid of scale by planting ounce of the so-called commercial fertilizer Gregory's method of using the Acme

enough to declare that the freedom camphor trees in his grove is a has everjjeen put on the grove, cultivates the ground within a few



inches of the trunk of the tree and obviates a time of promise, that a change from should be removed of this new cane.

the necessity of much hoeing. T4e Vineyard, health to a most sickly appearance is When this new cane has its two eyes

The cultivating of the grove is done ,.. apparent. Leaves will look dried up, growing and fruiting, part from the
. by one hand with two mules and a Edited by E. DUBOIS, Tallahassee, Fla. turned over on edges, burned-like, the old cane is removed, which, wheneverthe

six-foot Acme harrow. Extra handsare Culture of Foreign Kinds.A leader will wither, fall out and finallythe new cane has attained size and age,

of course, employed at plowing. [ paper read before the State Horticultural So- vine will die. To all appearanceswe should be removed altogether. I do
and hoeing time. : ciety at the Ormond meeting.: ] have anthracnose doing this de. this as soon as fruit is off, not waitingfor

Mr. Gregory claims that the grove Numerous letters were received in structive work. But such is not the next trimming time. Should an

(Lakeside Grove it is called, and we course of the year, since your last case. Close examination will reveal old cane apparently give out and the

bear evidence that it is as good a meeting, inquiring about the system I the presence of a small yellow insectof new one grow tardily, I remove the old

grove as we have ever seen), has cost follow in trimming the foreign grape- lively disposition, provided with the cane at once, as soon as the first flow

less by half than any other grove of vine. Whoever is familiar with the best of locomotion in the shape of of sap is over.

its age and size in this section. subject will know the difficulty in an- plenty of legs, a good pair of wings NO SPRAY USED.

We have outlined above Mr. Greg swering such letters satisfactorily.The and a sharp pick. I believe this in- My vines at this date of writing
for The other members of Committee sect does much more damage to
ory's plan making a grove. your every look perfection, have almost reachedthe
grove is now four years old (countingfrom on Grapes will bring before you. kind of plant, leaves and flower thanit top of the six-foot stake, no signof

the freeze of '86)) and has a crop whatever there may be new and of receives credit: for. Any one can disease can be found, although I

of 1,500 boxes of oranges it. Next interest about our native varieties, and find it by the billion on the orange use no preventive wash whatever, and

year Mr. Gregory says it will pay ex- therefore I may take this occasion to tree, who alone appears to resist; one never have. My oldest vines are now

penses if nothing happens.He give in brief the method I principallyfollow rose will contain some few hundred; ten years old, growing most luxuriantlyand

puts great faith in a combina- in trimming the foreign grape- all flowers or leaves attacked will soon fruiting full. Last season all fruit

tion of pea vines, tobacco stems and vine: show its effect. Usually it does not was, perhaps, the best I ever raised.

rye, but when asked the direct ques- PRUNING. go so much on grapevines, but whenit Chasselas, Hamburgs and Madeleinewere

tion as to which was of most value, There are many, some rather com- does it is perfect destruction to the perfection.

pea vines and rye or tobacco stems, or plicated systems recommended, which flower, and its work is exactly like I will conclude with a word of

rather, which of the two he would look most attractive on paper, and if anthracnose. An old vine will recover warning against indiscriminate graft

rather do without, he readily replied all conditions were equal all grapevines but a young vine of but one ing. Vines on their own roots are far

that if he had to give up any it wouldbe would grow alike, we may selecta shoot is stunted to such an extent in better than unsuitable stock; the only

the tobacco stems. pattern to our taste and convenience.But the majority of cases; if left alone it vines which have declined were those
-.-..- -- will die. This insect which I am told
after three years or so each vine grafted on such, like W. Vitis xstiva-
St. Oloud and its Peaches. will usually insist on its own system, i belongs to the Thrips, although the lis and on some Vitis Labrusca, Con-

Hon. G. A. Atwood, of Grand which we only can direct as much as well-known Thrips on the grapevine is cord and Perkins.H. .

Forks, North Dakota, was a most possible to our wishes, which must altogether different, prefers and is at- VON LUTTICHAU.

agreeable caller at the Leader office conform to existing conditions; differ- tracted by young and shiny leaves, .

last Tuesday. In the afternoon we ent everywhere, especially so in Flor- such as the young leaves of Vitis Vin- IF TOUR HACK AC2IKS.
ifera. Or you are all worn out,really good for noth-
accompanied Mr. Atwood to St. ida. Any manner of trimming wnich ing, it is general debility. Try
Cloud to the involves canes or lateral canes of more REMEDY. ntoirA''s utotf HITTERS.
inspect plantation,
It will cure you, cleanse your liver, and ei"
sugar works and peach orchard. As than two eyes will result in a barren When this sickly appearance is no- a good appetite.Preserving .

to the soil, Mr. Atwood could hardly piece of wood, the terminal eye only ticed, at once a solution of whaleoil -e..----

believe his own eyes, and to be 'sure sprouting. The first rush of sap will soap should be' applied and followedby Eggs.

that his neighbors would believe his' generally pass all intermediate eyes, a dusting of air-slacked lime; in but a: Eggs can be preserved for a consid-

report of it he carried a sample home which not only will lessen the fruiting few days the vine will look as thriftyas erable time if only the pores of the

with him. The mill was a much more capacity, but also weaken the vine; before. I trust that those who shell are stopped. Smear them with

vast and extensive institution than his all will be exposed to the rays of the have tried to grow the foreign grape cotton seed linseed oil themon
imagination had conceived of, while sun; much difficulty will be experi-- vine and have failed, will find here or pack
enced wood and it is the of failure.NO their broad ends in wheat bran ina
the peach orchard-well, he had no to grow young cause
words to express his surprise and on such that we get the best fruit. PINCHING ADVISED. keg or box very tightly, and once a

pleasure at the sight of the magnificent Therefore all fruiting wood should be week turn the package over so as to
The vine should the
orchard and its heavy burden of fruit. as close as possible to the main cane, grow up on reverse the position of the
will eggs.
stake unchecked and here I
Lewis allowing only for and new wood say,
Prof. J. I. kindly took us space,
Another is lime
them which is
I practice no pinching whatever; I way to ,
around through the orchard and should be raised from time to time.
used to do so, but have learned bet- to fill a keg or firkin with fresh clean
Too much wood much fruit
helped us liberally to samples of the or too ,
it do well else but and over them milk of lime
various varieties. The older trees are both will prove injurious. Like Del- ter; may anywhere eggs pour ,
not in Florida. In December I prune which is common whitewash strained,
Vitis Vinifera vine will
old of them aware a be
five twelveto ,
years many I the vine to about one foot, if strong after it is cool, and head up the keg
forever ruined killed if allowed
fifteen inches in diameter, and, perhaps
and fasten to stake in a some tightly.
to overbear or to bear when
about ,
though they were twenty
what twisted position, better to insure The fresher eggs are for setting the
the not of size a tendency but too
feet apart, branches are so inter- preva-
the start of two eyes, which two canes better. They can be kept a consid--
locked that it is bothersome
together are the second summer. De- erable time by simply packing themin
the fruit.
gathering Mr. Lewis is
cember next, one cane is cut to two perfectly dry bran in a box or firkin;
gathering about fifty boxes per day, Trimmed to two good rootsto
fasten the with
eyes, the other to twelve inches or on cover screws or a
but as the season progresses of course about six inches, the vine is set out I cord without and
about, and fastened also twisted and ( hammering) turn
the will be still Thereare inches below the surface of
output greater. some two the box
slanting as much as possible. This over carefully once a day.
3,000 trees in the orchard, which the ground and perhaps covered with
should be in
third summer there may appear two They kept a cool dry
will yield in our opinion about two some light mulch. So planted an early cellar.-Farm
shoots on the spur, perhaps one in the Poultry.
crates to the tree. This would make .start is prevented, the young shoots
axil and the two uppermost eyes on
the yield about 6,000 crates. The have a better chance to escape late the twelve-inch arm will sprout. The .....
fruit thus far has brought from $4 to freezes in March, which have becomethe allowed WORTH A GUINEA> A BOX.M ."
amount of shoots or canes to f.
$8 per crate, but say we take the safe rule, and which have caused the
and to fruit now, and especiallyin
side and the entire at $2 death of vines. Whenall grow
place crop many young
the future, will depend on strengthand
per crate, that would amount to $12- danger of a killing freeze is over, vigor of vine. If four canes have I ?

000. What industry can you go into I remove mulch, some little soil as and fruited this third summer, M BB 1 B '

which will afford greater returns? well, and permit but one eye to grow. more grown can easily get added, when next (Tasteless-Effectual.)
Prof. Lewis is from When of sufficient size this
a peach expert : young *
trimming, and from now many more
Delaware, and he is here to study and shoot is fastened by means of a one- will as required. The health ; BILIOUS and LNERVOUSDISORDERS

experiment in the interest\ of peach inch copper staple to a stake; 1 usedto and appear future of the vine will depend on ? S

culture. We have put peaches in the have wire for all my vines, but now the judgment of the grower, who .* Such as Sick Headache, S

Northern market ahead of every other prefer stakes for all foreign varieties. should remove or rub out all J Weak Stomach, S

section, and the Su Cloud peaches are The first summer will establish the fluous[ shoots, when fruits can plainlybe super i Impaired Digestion, i
the best and of of vine and is the .
most popular any perhaps most import.ant.
seen; what later on may appear, : Constipation, #
the early peaches on the market. Good culture, such as given to #
the third
should remain. After yeara c Liver Complaint,
With these facts before add is essential.THE .
us we must Delaware, .
new cane should be encouraged to 1 and Female Ailments.
peaches industries.-Kissimmee to the list of our money mak- THRIPS. grow; as low from the ground as possi-- :-Covered with a Tasteless & Soluble Coating. 1

ing Leader. Now the young vine may grow all ble, and the process of trimming is : Of all druggists. Price 25 cents a box.

Po a disorder Liver try BBBC1I 't'S PILIJ satisfactory, but it may happen, after repeated, with the exception, no fruit New York Depot.. ,ibS Canal" St. 1U1flIAY



R D 7'RtCI wanted if exposed to the light. Hast- The land is high pine, with perma.nent THE IRISH POTATO CROP
ings, the seedsman, says that no other water only six or seven feet below Is one of growing importance and is
- -
seed Florida should be
Work for June. used for except the fall planting.grown the surface in the dryest weather of one of the most valuable for the rea-

UPLAND RICE may be sown any time SWEET POTATQES.-An experienced the present drouth ; underdrainedwith son that when the price for new pota-

before June 15 with reasonable assuranceof farmer gives the following minute di- heart pine flues sixty feet apart. toes falls below the paying mark in

a good crop. Indeed, old rice grow- rections for "dry weather planting" in On lower land near by, naturally the North, we have a ready market
ers favor late sowing, on the ground that the Southern Live Stock Journal: much richer than this, potatoes are within the borders of our own Stateat
the crop then ripens after the rice birds First sprinkle potato bed at or about in this hot weather
rotting badly dry that least
have measurably left the interior; also, sunset, following evening draw slips, as prices pay at 25 per cent.
the rainy season is over when harvestingcomes you draw them be sure to keep rooted even after being barrelled and shipped above the cost of economical produc-

on and grain can be secured in ends even, put about one hundred but the potatoes in question are tion. The trench system is the one
better condition in dry weather. Infields i to the bunch and tie with strip of clot, perfectly free from rot. They are generally used and should be the onlyone

where the severe drouth has pre- close up to the leaves, firm. Then dig a thrown out with a plow and at once where there is an absence of irri-
vented the ordinary crops from maturing round hple six inches deep, large enoughto
hauled under covered
rice may be sown and it will utilize I place the amount of slips wished,make cover, being gation. There is always more or less
the fertilizer which the dry weather has up a stiff mortar of clay, two inches : with straw even while in the wagon.- complaint about seed rotting in the

left almost unchanged. Rice on uplands deep, in hole, place the rooted end of ED. ground before starting. This is easily -
ought to be cultivated as systematically slips, firm, one bunch at the time, until t-.-4 overcome with a little extra troubleon
as the farmers of England cultivate the hole is full; then take a hoe, draw Production of Florida Vegetables.
wheat, which enables them to harvest the loose earth and make firm round the part of the planter. After cut-
[Paperread before the State Horticultural Societyat
forty or fifty bushels per acre where outer edge of slips and sprinkle tops Ormond.] ting your seed to the desired size, dip

American farmers secure only twentyand with two or three buckets of water. If In the short time allotted to the the cut portion into air-slaked lime,
often much less. sun is very warm put a barrel or box then spread on a dry floor where thereis
Break the and harrowit them the to discussion of I do not think
up ground deep over during day protect vegetables ventilation and let stand fora
a good
fine. Then lay off the land in rows them; remove at night. Sprinkle them
that be done branchof
justice can to any week or ten days. At the end of .
three feet apart, bedding up into low, the third evening about sunset with one
flat ridges. Along these ridges at the bucket of water; the fourth evening theyare that important industry and I shall ten days the potato part will be shriv-

distance of eight or ten inches drop fire ready to set. We use a round stick, confine myself to a" statement of a few eled and the eye well started. The

or six grains to the hill, covering lightly. one end sharp, size of a hoe handle, one of my observations of the last two lime stops loss of vitality through
Keep the crop worked regularly and foot long; have the slip in position to be any
years. from the this
clean would until the heads in the hole with hand bleeding cuts. At state
as you corn, placed one as you
The lessons of the frosts and
begin to form. A neighbor who has been draw the stick with the other. Some severe they should be planted in the usual
very successful with upland rice advo- loose small earth may fall round the overproduction of cabbage during the manner. Truckers who use this

cates this method of planting (we here slips, but so much the better. Put a half season of 1890-91 have not been barrenof method get a stand of 95 per cent on
use this word advisedly) instead of the pint of water to each slip. When the results. The cultivation of the .
ordinary method of sowing in a contin- water all disappears take a hoe and place tender vegetables beans and tomatoes an average.I
uous drill. dry dirt in the small hole round the slips.In would caution truckers against
PEARL OR CATTAIL MILLET.\ -The best this way the water melts or dissolvesthe especially, has been forced into the planting the potato known as Early

millet for the South. Is a rank groweron small clods and forms around the comparatively frost-proof locations, Sunrise. It is an extra early varietyand
roots, where it is wanted. In using the where artificial used
rich or heavily manured ground. On except means are
its is unexcelled but
quality as a
ground manured at the rate of ten tons fingers or hand you press the dry earth for protection.THE I ,
per acre with stable manure, it produces around the roots and when you water shipping variety it is usually a failure.
three croj s. This produced in one sea- the slips the water never reaches the OVERPRODUCTION OF CABBAGEin With three years' experience in hand-

son green forage at the rate of ninety-five root where you intended it,consequentlyyou the season of 1890-91 was a bless- ling it I find that it decays in one-half

tons per acre, which being dried to hay will have one-third to reset. ing in disguise, just as the overpro- the time that the other standard varie-
.made sixteen tons. This yield was pro- Never set slips when your ground is
duction of cotton of the will ties do.
duced in 135 days from sowing. It is a too wet to hoe. It is useless to lose time past year
plant of tropical origin and will grow and potato bed waiting for a rain, as: prove a blessing to the cotton growers.It SEED FOR FALL PLANTING.I .

I luxuriantly during our long summers.It most do. Keep your potato bed damp, has shown to the vegetable growersthe would also caution them against

is relished by horses or stock, either not wet. Keep the slips drawn as they folly of the one crop system, and trying to raise a fall crop of potatoes
dried Pearl millet will become large enough, or will not
green or as hay. you get this present season has seen a greater from of northern
the amount of entitled to. September planting
do toward solving the forage and I slips you aie
hay problem of the :Southern:) :States.:) ''i If you use suds from washtub to sprin- diversity of vegetable crops than any grown seed stock of the same sum-
Sow at the rate of eight pounds per .. kle beds always follow with clean water previous one. The benefit of the di- mer's growth. Save enough from the

acre, in drills two feet apart. Seed may to rinse the suds, or the warm sun will versification is seen by a careful exam previous spring's crop of your Florida
be obtained of ouradvertisers.TRANSPLANTING II. cause the slips to turn brown and leaves ination of the vegetable market reports growth and pack them in dry sand.
ETC.-If the rainy drop off. Nothing better than suds for
which show good prices in all lines of
Overhaul them and
season should set in during this month potato beds. occasionally remove -
much transplanting of trees, shrubs, .-*-< vegetables up to date. Owing to an any that show signs of decay.

grasses, plants, etc., may be safely done. Money in Irish Potatoes. unfavorable season the vegetable crop By saving your seed in this way and

Cowpeas, conch peas and millet may be Last winter we made mention of the has been a comparatively small one, treating with lime before planting you
sown; also beggarweed, if a stand was which has much to do with the in-
of stand in
reasonably sure a good
not secured before the drouth set in. method of planting which was being are
creased but the fact remains
IN THE GARDEN.-Not a great deal can tested, as an experiment, by Dr. J. F. returns, the fall.
be accomplished while the weather is hot Henry, of Bradford county. He sim- that, although certain crops have suffered EGG PLANTS.

and dry, but grass and weeds should be ply dropped the potatoes in the furrowas far more than others, this stiff- The cultivation of plant has
kept subdued and not allowed to to of is
go ening prices. proportionately ;
seed. Tomato plants may be set out fora he broke up the land, raked all the distributed all the different been steadily increasing the last three
late crop, provided the land is well dead weeds and cow pea vines into among years and the demand has increased
lines of and I believe the
underdrained with tile, boards or even the furrow, plowed around four or five vegetables, proportionately. For either spring,
with several poles laid together in a con- industry to be in a more healthy con-
times more, then repeated the opera- early summer or fall shipments I be-
tinuous string, leaving interstices be- tion of dropping the seed and rakingin dition than for some years past. lieve it to be a most valuable crop.
tween them through which the superfluous In this severalnew
soil water may escape. All plantsset the trash, and so on. He used less diversifying process The egg plant is a native of Northern
have the front.
in the summer must be well shadedfor than a ton of commercial fertilizer per crops come to Africa and can be produced to perfec-

a few days, and mulching is a great acre, a special potato formula pre- ONIONS. tion here during our summer season.

help to them. pared at Gainesville. Thanks to E. O. Painter for his Many planters not understandingthe
Egg and still be
set out,plants if thoroughly peppers shaded may and wateredas I He is now (May'23)) digging and earnest efforts in behalf of the Ber- characteristics of the egg plant

above directed. The same conditionsas i shipping his crop, and it is very fine. muda onion, and thanks be to that make a complete failure in the begin-

to underdrainage should also be ob The variety is called the Early Ver- much defamed monster, the McKinleybill ing. The seed will not germinate

served. mont; the tubers observe closely the for the protection it gives this as freely in a temperature of less than 70
Okra, sweet corn and Lima beans which is an oblong infant industry. More than and much of the seed is
? (Bunch Lima, Southern Prolific or Lazy typical shape, ; yet 200,- degrees, as
Wife) may be planted yet; al flattish, with a length about fifty per 000 bushels of the mild foreign vari- sown in December and January with-

and cauliflower, if one is very favorably cent greater than the width ; color, eties of onions have been annually out the use of hot beds or other artifi-

situated as to character of soil and is light pink; with deep, broad flaring imported into the United States. cial means, the result has often been

prepared to spray thoroughly to fight off eyes. Many of the finest ones would Florida can and will supply this demand entire failure. For those who have
insect enemies. Even if bud-worms and
other insects take a third, vegetation will weigh nearly or quite a pound; fifteenor and if the present increase in not the materials at hand for a hot bedI

grow so rankly during the rainy season twenty of them "face" a barrel. the crop is kept up it will be but a would suggest this : Sow the seedin

that there will be enough left to repay They sell in New York at $6.50 for few years before Florida will be sup- a shallow box containing good soil,

the labor at a period when not much else primes; $4.50 for seconds; $3.50 for plying the entire demand. The Ber- care being taken to have a sufficient

can be done except to care for the garden. culls. The rows are about 600 feet muda varieties are the surest croppers number of holes in the bottom "for
IRISH POTATOES.-8hould be dug, if
not already, and spread out in a cool and long, and they turn out a little over and best keepers. The giant varieties drainage. Place this box over an

perfectly dark place. In this way they three barrels to the row, or between such as Silver King, Prizetaker, El ordinary baking pan which should be

can be kept very well all summer; we 70 and 80 barrels to the acre. Put- Paso or Large Mexican and similar as near the size of your seed box as

not have kept repeatedly dark they proven become this. If they and are ting the average price at only$3.00 per kinds have done well in some localities possible. Keep your pan about two-

then poisonous and unfit to green eat. They are barrel, this would make a cash yield but are not to be fully recom- thirds full of water and then keep an

will also begin to sprout before they are I of over $200 per acre. mended0 general planting as yet. \ ordinary kerosene lamp burning under


constantly until the seeds have ger- I Poultry for one dozen fowls, and cost-$8 each, perform the work. Mr. Roberts

minated. The heat from the lamp which means an investment of $2,400to pointed out a number of colonies un-

will keep the water in the pan at an house 3,600 fowls. The same house protected by sheds, with only a par-

even temperature, which in turn will Edited wwww by E.W. AMSDEN, Ormond, Fla. could be built in Florida for $3.50 tial shade afforded by trees, which he

impart to the soil in the box the neces- Artificial Incubation. each, a saving in first cost of $1,350, said did the best, and when a thicketof

sary degree of heat.CULTURE Judging from the contents of Farm and I venture to say grain is no more young oaks growing near was a lit-

AND SHIPPING. expensive here than in New Hamp-- tle larger, he intended to place hives
for the
of arti-
The seedlings should be transplanted Poultry May, subject shire and much less of it required[ to among them. During the summer it

twice to make them "stocky" be- ficial incubation is the problem to keep fowls in good laying condition. is more pleasant for bees and their

fore setting in the open ground. It is solve, especially when such old handsas Had either of the gentlemen given us owner to have the hives under sheds,

that the be Latham, Rankin and others have the prices obtained for eggs, we could I but during the winter when bees are
necessary plants kept growing
constantlyfor if checked by cold, just caught on to the importance of have made a comparison, and scored rearing brood, the sun's rays are far

insect or lack of cultivation or fertilizerthe moisture or no moisture in artificial another in favor of Florida.E. preferable to shade. Bees to be profitable -

will be either hatching. It seems to be a stereotyped W. AMSDEN.WWWWW in Florida or in any other State
crop a partial or
total failure. It is a crop that requiresheat saying by all makers of incubatorsthat must be strong at the time of greatest
just so much moisture must be r Dloom.
heavy fertilizing and'constant added the first week and the second fIpial
cultivation. The improved strains of The honey is extracted and the

the the, and third weeks, and when eggs are ,,. yield last season was 250 barrels, averaging
Large Purple variety are ones
commencing to pip, the pans are filled Florida's Large ApiariesIn pounds net or
to be planted for the shipping crop. 340 ; 340 350
An acre contains 4,840 plants set and left undisturbed until the hatch is the region of the dead lakes barrels is considered a good crop. The

three feet apart each way. Each plant off. These directions are printed of there are 2,500 colonies of .bees, and trademark for the honey of Alderman
course and accompany each machine, & Roberts is bloom
under cultivation from orange thoughthe
good produces the apiary of Alderman & Roberts
whether it is to be sent to California
surplus is not gathered from or-
five to eight "eggs" weighing five or Florida, or New Mexico, and these contains 1,300, which is the largest in ange blossoms as this is all consumedin
. six pounds each. I have been told
a directions are to be followed in the State and excelled few in the
that if every by rearing brood as is also that gath--
lately by an egg plant grower
the plants are cut down to the root after particular, and are made to guide the United States, or in the world. On ered from the ti-ti. The bloom from

the early summer crop has been gath-- inexperienced. If you will stop to the 14th of April I visited one of thefirm's the latter was less than usual this sea
'consider how absurd this is it is
son as the preceding of drouth
ered will and located the years
apiaries at
they again come up pro- large
wonder so many fail in making a success i dried the wet lands called ti-ties
duce a second.crop for fall shipmentif residence of Mr. Roberts, numberingsix up ,
of artificial incubation. While
another application of fertilizer is I hundred colonies. This is the and fire destroyed the bushes. Mr.

made. In gathering, the <"eggs"should < the atmosphere in Florida may con- largest number of colonies that I ever Roberts, who is the practical apiaristof
tain of moisture and in the other
75 the firm, said that he could get sev-
be clipped and wrapped in saw together in one place. and I
States only 40 we fail to see how enty-five pounds of extracted honey
brown paper. They should be shippedin should judge that it is overstocked, ,
general directions can be of service to when if he run for comb honey, only
barrels. Fancy grades of egg plant although it may not be as it is the best
but we do see how it helpsto
anyone, fifty pounds could be obtained.
have bar- bee that I contain
brought as high as $16 per make a good failures. Mr. pasture ever saw,
rel in the Eastern market this many of
past ing acres aquatic honeyproducingplants. TUPELO-SOUR GUM TREES.
Latham, in writing from Massachusetts -
month. This is the from which the
he is hatching almost en- source
Two other I would says The bees Italians and in
vegetable crops tirely without moisture, and obtains were honey whose trade mark is orange

like to call attention to- better results than he did when mois- answer to my queries as to which bloom is obtained. The honey is of

BLOOD BEETS AND CELERY. ture was used from the start. It has were the best, Mr. Roberts said, "a light straw color, of agreeable flavor,

The prices obtained for beets is not taken him a long time to find it out. blind man going through the apiary weighing twelve pounds to the gallon,
i and lifting the hives could designate and does not granulate at the South.
large, but the immense quantity that He makes anotherassertion that seems

can be grown per acre makes it a strange. He says "this season my in- I the lightest colored ones by their Nyssa aquatica (water tupelo) and

profitable crop to grow. They requirerich cubators have been run with the ven- weight, "as they were invariably the Nyssa uniflora (large tupelo) are very

ground and plenty of moisture, tilators closed tight." This is contrary heaviest. This is certainly strong proofof numerous in the dead lake region.
the of Italian bees.I .
and to be grown successfully they to the opinion and practice of our superiority pure During their blooming, a colony kept
resident of St. Andrew's
must have these conditions. These men who have had large experience in was a Bay upon the scales registered eighteen

conditions, if made artificially by fertilizer running incubators, for the cry has for three months, and during that pounds in one day; then eight, four
time I visited all the that I
and irrigation, answer just as been more air instead of less, and I apiaries and twelve, according as the winds
could hear of in that and all
vicinity, from the South.
well as a naturally rich and moist soil. have run my machine on the last two prevailed
that I visited were black bees, and as There is vine called vine
a snow
No one will accuse us of having a rich hatches with ventilators wide open
and moist soil on the sand hills of the from first to last, and the hatch has soon as I drew near I was waited upon growing in that locality, which yields

.. by an escort of angry bees flying much honey. I cannot find a de-
interior, yet I have seen beets grown been good and chickens unusually
aroul d my head and scolding me, but scription of it in Gray's botany, that I
there this spring, well fertilized and strong and bright from the first.
in this apiary of six hundred coloniesnot have at hand. I plucked a branch of
irrigated, that were second to none in One other idea advanced that was
a bee treated.me uncivilly. Therewas it from a tree while I was standing on
size and quality that I have ever seen new to me, and I had never thoughtof
North or South.In it in that light. When the chickens a swarm clustered upon a vine the guards of a steamboat coming up
and I them around with
poked my the Apalachicola river.
most parts of Florida commence to come out the moistureis
finger and they made no objection to
Mr. Latham that it
CELERY CULTUREis so great, says familiarity. This apiary had been JUMBO.
will show itself on the glass doorsof my
as yet experimental, yet I believethe weakened by worker bees leaving the This is an extractor of huge dimensions

greater part of the flatwoods and the hatcher, and all eggs not pipped hive and dying, and I was under the and contains eight baskets, andis

muck lands of our State are adaptedto were found to contain too much impression then and now that they automatic. When the honey is

its culture. A number have already moisture, so that the chicken drownedin were poisoned. I inquired of Mr. thrown from one side of a comb it is

made its culture asuccess, but I believe the shell. Even with open ventila- Roberts if he knew of any poisonous reversed and the honey is thrown from

the principal thing to be learned by tors and a light temperature did not plants in bloom, and he said he did the other without removing. It ex-

the Southern celery growers is to prop- relieve the condition. The three i not; the yellow jessamine, accusedof tracts twenty-five barrels of hOI.,:y per

erly blanch the celery. Fully half the articles on the moisture problem are being poisonous, was out of bloom. day, and lakes ten men ti/ keep it

Florida celery is not blanched more worth the price of a year's subscription My time was limited so I did not open busy.-Prairie Farmer.

than half the length of the plant and to Farm Poultry, but this is not the hives to see the interior, but I am

r this is a condition that the Northern all it contained; it has three illustra- of the opinion that the bees were be @ @ Qe@8"

consumer does not appreciate. Florida tions of poultry houses, showing to ing destroyed by the spraying of the -.The caallcst F''11 in Lo World
what extent the business is carried on ( )
celery comes into market at a time in Massachusetts and New Hampshire orange groves, one industry conflict- Provided tai 1a great Organs
when there is no competition, the with another.
One illustration is that of Mr.Tebuwits ing @of the body are not Irreparably injured -
stock of Northern grown being cleanedout. ,there aro frrr diseases that
The last market report from New of South Newmarket Junction HIVES AND SHEDS. (
of N. H. This house is 645 feet The hives were two story Langs. TUTT'STiny
York gave the price 70 to So cents
dozen for well blanched celery.H. long, divided into fifty-five pens, all troth, manufactured at the apiary, as

per G. HASTINGS. for laying hers, eggs being the chief was also the comb foundation used. : leerywill

Fla. object, and the owner declares there is The sheds were long and built with
in it. Another illustration is upright roofs and the hives were placedin not cure. By their action the
h--- money
G)Liver, tho Splren, the Heart and the|e
If feel weak that of Mr. Hayward, of Hancock, rows under each side, facing out Kidneys are brought Into harmonious
you N. H. His flocks are kept on the ward. There was plenty of room in action and health, visor of mind and
out take I body follow their use. Itoe small.(
and all worn colony plan. Mr. H. has 300 indi- the shade between the backs of the P.rlce,25c. Office,39 Park Place,N.Y.

BROWN'S IRON BITTERS vidual houses 8x8 feet, large enough hives, out of the flight of the bees to 0 oeco.eeMAY




CONTENTS. mer will send a card here to that effect this season of the year, has the burdenof ports what the orange yield, for in-

GnrVE AND ORCHARD-Fronts in Semi-Tropical we will forward them boxes and proof resting upon him; he is com- stance, or the corn yield will be approximately -

Fruits Cold;Vitality; of Citrus. Trees. .In Withstanding 403 franks for carrying the same. promised; and the people of Florida they can then be pre

The Marianna as a Stock for the Peach; What I We want Florida to be well repre- and of the United States sternly demand pared to establish prices upon their
Don't Know Tobacco Stems an Orange
OroTe Fertilizer; ; as. 401 sented. Already we have the citrus that he shall purge himself with crops and demand those prices ; and

THE St.VIXETABD Cloud and Culture Its Peaches of Foreign; Kinds. ; 405 405 fruits principally made up. sulphur-no disrespect to him, either.If they will not fall victims to the blind,

FARMER ADD TRUCKER-Work for June;Money In H. E. VAN DEMAN, ever there was occasion for official panicky fear on the one hand, or the

Irish tables Potatoes; ; Production. of. Florida. Vege-. 406 Pomolo ist. vigor and inflexible enforcement of the unreasonable presumption on the

POULTRY-Artificial Incubation; 401AFIARYFlorlda's Washington, D. C., May 20. statutes made and provided, it is when other, which arises from ignorance of
Large Apiaries; 407 0S4
EDITORIAL Fruit Exchange; Fruits Money Valuation of Fertilizers.The the State health officials, of whatever actual conditions.
Wanted for Models Money Valuation of Fertilizers ..
: .r
State bulletin for May con rank, are called to interpose a barrier
;The Coast Health Watch; State Crop Florida Fresh Fruits in England.
Reports;Florida Fresh Fruits In England; 408 tains a fresh installment. of official against the slightest possibility of the Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower:
Florida for Rich and Poor; 409
MARKETS; 409 analyses of fertilizers. The valuationsin entrance of the germs of that odious, The enclosed clipping is taken from
OCR YOUNG FOLKS-A Girl's Conspiracy; 410] omitted also of "Greasers the the Cambria
and yellow
STATE NEWS-Items; 410 dollars cents are vulgar pest Daily Leader, publishedin
OCR RURAL HOME-Our Children's Eyes;A HomeMade the ratings into first and second class. fever. All right-minded people of the Swansea, May 6. Would you care

Roasting Refrigerator Meat; Children's; Irregularity Throat at Troubles Meals;; We have no quarrel with this latter United States will applaud the actionof to make use of it in your paper ?

Help from Members of the Citrus Family; 411 omission, but the money valuations Dr. Porter; and if it is true, as reported Kindly send me one of your latest
THE PINERY-Notes on Varieties;
AGRICULTURAL CHEMISTRY: -Solubility of Florida ought to be preserved. If not, thenat that any member of a county maps of Florida, and renew my sub-
Liquorice Phosphates(Qlycyrrhlza; Glabra); Letter from least a footnote should be added to health board was disposed to take scription for six months, for which I

Japan; 413 the table, giving the latest New York sides with the British captain againstthe enclose $1.50.
Again;Do We Want Low Taxes? Labor and market quotations of nitrogen, potash enforcement of fumigation, there THOMAS JONES.

Weather Its Reward and;Crops Farmers; .Not the. Only. Sufferers. ; 414 415 and phosphoric acid when derived ought to be some way found to teach i Bay View Crescent, Swansea South Wales.
(from the different materials. With him a lesson that he will remember. The bulk was broken on Wednesday,
STEPHEN POWERS Editor.P. in a consignment of fresh fruit, which
O. Address, Lawtey, Fla. the help of such quotations every pur- State arrived on Thursday, in Liverpool on
Crop Reports.
board the Majestic, from New York.
chaser with a little practice in arith--
The monthly crop report for April The consignment consisted of 147 cratesof
The article: on water transportationby
metic, could determine for himself the reached office It is strawberries, 13 cases of tomatoes and
our May a
"Grower," of Palatka, is withheldfor value ton of all fertilizers an- 25. 20 barrels of pineapples, sent by the Cali-
the name and address of the writer. per painful fact that theLegislature cripplesthe fornia Fruit Transportation Company,
alyzed. under a refrigerating system specially
Agricultural Department by not
These are not desired for publicationbut -. .- fitted on the White Star steamers. The
for that identification which all The Coast Health Watch. making a more liberal appropriationfor condition of the fruit was consideredvery

The British steamer, B. T. Robinson clerk hire, yet it does seem that the satisfactory, and realized a ready
self-respecting publishers on market at fair prices. A second consign-
ing. Captain Tindal commanding, report ought to be gotten out more ment is expected next week by the Ger-

.. came to Punta Gorda Saturday, May promptly. It presents a better condi- manic.
During the year ending December of affairs than had for In a cable dispatch published two
21st, to load phosphate for England. tion we hoped ,
.31, 1890, there were carried out of State Health Officer Porter orderedher and doubtless better than exists today weeks ago in the New York Fruit

the St. Johns river 194,570 boxes of to Mullet Key quarantine stationto after nearly four weeks' more of drouth Trade Journal, in an editorial in the
fruit doubtless At Scottish Leader and doubtless also in
mostly oranges. ,
be cleaned and disinfected before has supervened.Corn
ten cents a box this would make $19- other journals, this consignment of
she could be permitted to receive her 97, oats 80, cane 91, tobacco
which the think the fruit has been credited
457 growers Clyde erroneously to
cargo. The captain is said to have 162, oranges 86, peaches 73, pears 65,
Line for that of California. The mistake
overcharged length been very angry, declaring that the cabbage 84, onions 84, tomatoes 85, probably
time. When Duval county deepensthe originated from the name of the trans-
I British consul at Key West had told Irish potatoes 85, cucumbers 91, English

river and 500,000 boxes a year him he could load at Punta Gorda peas 81, beans 84, egg plant 79, portation company.
are carried on it, doubtless the Steam- Our information is to the effect that
without having to undergo fumigationof watermelons 81, strawberries 98, pine-
ship Company will voluntarily make a the pineapples and the tomatoes were
his vessel, and that the State Health apples 114, guavas I IS.

reduction. e 4 Officer at Key West had given him a It is manifest that, under the head_ from Florida and the strawberries from

Florida Fruit Exchange.The clean bill of health; but he failed to ing of "condition" is also included South Carolina. If the C. F. T.

annual meeting of the share produce documentary proof of his "acreage" (though it is not so stated) Company can deliver Charleston berries
holders in the Florida Fruit Exchangewill assertions. since Leon county stands at 1000 in in Liverpool in good order, it will

be held in this city on Thursday, This alleged statement of the British tobacco and Jackson county at 300 not lie well in the mouth of a New

June 9, 1892, at 10 o'clock a. m. consul, of course, is wholly gratuitousand In the face of the destructive drouthnow York commission merchant henceforthto

Members who cannot be present are impertinent in the premises; and prevailing the "condition" of the report Florida berries "received in

to fill out in favor of Porter stultified himself with that bad order."
requested proxies even if Dr. so tobacco crops, as compared
some member whom they know will as to give a clean bill of health to of 1891, could not possibly be placedat One thing more: The credit of mak-

attend-same to be filed with the sec- a roving steamer fresh from the tropics, these figures in those two counties ing the first shipment of semi-tropical

rates of fare for authorized do is also considered.We deciduous fruits ever made to EnglandI
retary. Special one he was not tq so by the unless acreage
the round will be of will be given to California by dozensof
trip granted over fundamental self-preservation, would respectfully suggest to the

all lines. Tickets on sale June 7 and the preservation of the health of the Legislature that they ought to make a papers all over the United States,

8, good to return until June I I. 'commonwealth, which placed him in sufficient appropriation to enable the simply because Floridians have not

.-.- : his official position. The vessel cleared Commissioner to treat the crops under had solidarity enough and force enoughto
Fruits Wanted for :Models.
Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: I last from the Cape Verd Islands, and two distinct headings, acreage and originate a line of refrigerator cars

As the time is at hand for peachesto we are not aware that anything more condition. We believe Commissioner and sustain it, but are compelled to

bllous endemic known makes the best ship their fruit and vegetables in a line
ripen I wish to say to your readers than the as Wombwell dispositionof

that we are making models of the lei'adias (cholera has prevailed there, the meager fund placed at his com- of cars named after a rival and ownedin

fruits of the entire country and wishto but is not now in consideration) has mand at present. Chicago.

get good samples of the different ever invaded those sun-burned, wind. These State crop reports are valuable Wait until this State, in addition to

fruits which are grown in Florida. swept clusters of sand and rock. But just in proportion as they are ren- its citrus fruits, has 50,000 acres of

These would be used in making mod every vessel, from the haughtiest bull- dered complete, accurate and prompt bearing pineapples and 75,000 acres

els for the Columbian Exposition. If dog of the British Empire to the losel and are placed in the hands of the in early peaches, grapes, tomatoes,
melons and strawberries-and that dayis
those who have good characteristic smuggler of the vile "Conch" or the greatest number of citizens. If the
coming at the rate 10,000 acresa
specimens of peaches, plums, guavas Carib wrecker, hailing from the tropicsor people can ascertain through comprehensive year-then there will be a "Florida

and other fruits which ripen this sum- anywhere south of Key West at i I and trustworthy official re Fruit Transportation Company."





Florida for Rich and Poor. the rate of over $1,000 an acre. One and neglected. Peaches come in slowly; PITTSBURO, May\ 23.

On the east bank of the Halifax of these is the writer's neighbor. Their they increase in size and color every day; New Fruits and VegetablesTomatoes -

small and them mostly Peentos, some Honeys. Native 1.75 to 2.25; peas, green, 1.50
opposite Ormond, for two or three I gardens were they gave plums retail at 10 cents a quart; they are to 2.00; do, y barrel, 1.75 to 2.00;

miles along the river land is held I close personal attention. Another, in small this year. Some blackberries ship !I green beans, 200 to 2.50; yellow do,
I Duval county, sold over $900 worth. ped in from the west are large and fine; 2.2: to 2.50; cucumbers, per dozen,

at $5.00 to $10.00 per front foot, witha Next year probably celery growingwill sell at 15 cents a quart; common from 7 IUV> to 1.00; cabbage, Florida, to 10. Huckleberries and blueberries at I do Charleston 2.75 to 3.00 cauliflower
depth varying from to be overdone, as onion growinghas ; ,
150 1500 some stands sell 23:> cents a quart: a poorer per dozen, 1.50 to2.25:>; potatoes, Havana,
feet ; and sales have lately been madeat been this year. quality at 20. Florida pines are small I per barrel, 7.00 to 8.00; do, Bermuda, do,

$5.00 front foot. Say $500to Last year the entire tobacco crop yet, but are in good demand; selling at 8 8.50 to 9.00; onions, Bermuda, per crate,
per of Gadsden county, despite the fact to 10 cents each. Their superiority over 1.50 to 1.65.
$1,000 acre. The soil the Nassaus is everywhere conceded. The &
per grows that many of the planters were nov- BULGER, WILBERT Co.

pineapples well but across the river it ices net cash first melons, a consignment of 200, were
gave an average yieldof
received from Lake Worth May\ 18. The
ST. Louis \
is too frosty for them and even the $83 per acre, according to the estimate earliest date when melons appeared here, May 23.
of H. Fenton stated Davis & Robinson Oranges, bright, 4.00 to 4.50; Riverside,
orange trees suffered the loss of muchof J. Esq., a planterof as by was May
3.25: to 3.50; Mexican, 3.75 to 4.25;
10 1883. These and small grape
years' experience.On are poor ; goingoff
their tender growth this spring. many slowly at 40 to 50 cents. A few musk- fruit, fancy, 3.00 to 3.50; pines, very
"poor pine land" in extreme melons the market scarce, would l sell, if fancy, 2.50 to 3.0'0per
are on ; they were
In company with Messrs. Taber, West Florida Escambia Col. dozen tomatoes 2.00 to
( county), sent in by freight, which was a great ; fully ripe
Painter and others the writer drovea S. S. Harvey sold last year 310 bushelsof mistake, and were received in poor con- 2.50; new potatoes, scant supply; Flor-

mile the river and back findingto Elberta peaches from an acre of dition. Sweet corn is 25 cents a dozen. ida, 1.40 to 1.50 bushel; California, 1.50;
up onions new Southern, .75 to .90 per sack;
Florida still lingers in the
his surprise that the aboriginalforest three-year-old trees, netting him over market, but asparagus is eclipsed by the Long Island 1.50 to 2.25 per bu. ; cabbage, .75 to 1.50
$600. This year he will sell none. crate; cucumbers, fancy, .60 dozen; me-
of live oak and palmetto is article, which sells at 40 cents a bunch. .
But with only one in two dium, .40 to .45.
crop years- Summer squash is a drug; 2 for 5 cents.
wholly unbroken except by a few resi- which is below the average-his 65 The same of string beans, though the P. M.\ KIELT & CO.

dences. This shows that the situationis acres of deciduous fruits will yield quality is now good; the most the grow-
him than ers can expect is $1.25:>; from that downto CHICAGO, May 23.
more revenue most thousandacre
valuable for winter residencesto
too 75 cents. Cucumbers 2 for 5 cents; Oranges California Navels, choice,
be devoted even to the culture of farms in the grain or cotton grow- 25:> cents a dozen; shippers receiving 75 4.50 to 5.50; pines, choice, 8.00 to 10.00

pineapples. ,, ing regions. cents to 1.00 a crate. The last shipmentof per 100; new potatoes, Bermuda, 8.50 to

From a recent number of the Fort- Today Florida is suffering under a the English hot-house cucumbers 9.00; Louisiana. 4.50to5.00; onions, Ber-
winds that branch of the industry for muda 1.40 to 1.50 Louisiana to80-lb..
Worth Texas Gazette drouth which has probably not been up ; ,
( ) we
copy an the season. Good cabbage lettuce is sacks 1.00 to 1.15; cabbage, Mobile, 2.50
account of an interwiew held by its paralleled for twenty years. Note what really wanted; it is scarce; would bring to 3.00; egg plants, choice, 2.00 to 2.25;

representative with Mr. C. H. Silli- one of our State correspondents says: 25 to 30 cents a dozen. Tomatoes, 10 to cucumbers, choice, 50 to 60c.; tomatoes,

man : All crops in this neighborhood which 12a cents a quart; small and over ripe 5 Florida, 6.basket crate, choice, 3.00;
cents. Large smooth blood beets bring squash 1.00 100 Ibs. string beans,
:Mr. Silliman the Texas land have been well cultivated are doing well per
and give good promise, while those that the growers 1.50 per luO; retail 10 centsa Louisiana, round, wax, 2.00 to 2.50; Mobile \ -
bank that has
mortgage a concern a
bunch. There has been a large 1.00 to 1.25.
have had attention very green
branch in Florida, and he was there not good are as uttera
of Florida onions; the Bermudas are
failure I crop
affairs. as ever saw.
looking after some of its That
almost driven out of the market. The
company owns 75,000 acres of pine timber Drouths and gluts are the opportu- dealers still give the preference slightlyto PHILADELPHIA, May\ 21.

land, lying chiefly in Levy county, nity of the wise man and the good the Bermudas, but acknowledge thatit Tomatoes-Fancy ((6 basket) carriers,
west of Ocala. This land lies in the 3.00 to 4.00; do. choice, 2.25 to 2.50; do.
be due to the condition of
farmer. cultivation thor-
phosphate belt of the State, which is now Irrigation, may greener fair to good, 1.75 to 2.00. ,
the Floridas. These should be well dried
ough preparation of fruit for market- New Potatoes-Choice well assorted
being de''eloped'ery rapidly by Eastern before shipping. The market has about ,
and foreign capitalists. A railroad is these are the secrets of success which all it can carry; shippers cannot expectover in fair demand, 4.50 to 5.00; seconds,

building through the phosphate country, turn adversity into prosperity. The 75c. to $1.25, as to quality, for three 2.00 to 3.00.

and preparations are making to open a unfortunate we have always with us. peck crates. Bushel boxes, choice, might Cucumbers-Choice green,well packed,
3.50 to 4.00.SquashSelling.
number of miles.
Let me tell you some of the dire ef- They generally suffer in silence. The command $1.50. Cabbage was a little 1.25 to 1.75 per crate.
of idle the ignorant the vicious fill the air scarce, but is now more plenty; 8 to 10 Plants-Scarce and wanted and
fects of the plentiful USA foreign capi- cents each for solid heads. Goodsizednew Egg ,
tal in Elorida," said Mr.\ Silliman. "Flor- with their clamors. The industriousand potatoes will sell for $1.25 a bushel. when choice sell readily at 7.00 to 9.00

ida is a State where the legislature has the intelligent have little time to per bbl.
defeated a proposition}? to enact an alien Grape Fruit-Scarce and wanted, andif
land law, similar to the one now before listen. SAVANNAH, May 24. choice will sell readily,4.00 to 5.00 per

the Texas legislature. The people want Oranges-Bright, 3.00; russet, 2.50; box.Peento
money, and they don't care where it grape fruit, 1.50; pineapples, crate, 5.00 Peaches-In fair supply but
comes from-whether it is Yankee ]JVIar ets.JACKSONVILLE to 6.00; bananas, bunch, 1.25 to 1.50; selling fairly well when choice at 3.00. to

money or English money, whether it is potatoes, barrel, 5.00; cabbage, barrel, 4.00 per 6-basket carrier.

supplied by corporations or by individ- 2.50; onions, crate, 2.00; beets, barrel, REDFIELD & SON.
uals. They are getting it, too, and hereis FLA., May\ 25. 2.00; tomatoes, crate, 2.00; cucumbers,

one of the consequences. Land in the FRUITS AND VEGETABLES. crate, 2.50; celery dozen, .40; eggplants NEW YORK RETAIL MARKETS.

vicinity of Lake Worth, on the Eastern [Corrected to date by Marx Bros] dozen, 1.25; beans, crate, 1.75; Vegetables are coming in plentifully,

shore, that was 'taken up from the gov- These are average quotations. Extra choice cauliflower, crate, 1.75; strawberries, fresher and cheaper each day. At Fulton -

ernment a few years ago, is now worth lots fetch prices above top quotations while poor quart, .10. :Market, Oyster Bay asparagus is retailing -
$300 an acre and That is for unimproved -
up. lots sell lower. at 25 cents a bunch, sweet peas

land. Where it is improved it Oranges bright.......................$3.00103.50 CHARLESTON, S. C., May 24. from Virginia 30 cents a half peck,string
brings500 to$1,000 an acre. russet................. ....... 3.00 to 3.50 beans from the same State 25 cents a
Indian River............... 3.00104.00Lemons Oranges very scarce and selling 3 to 4
Some months ago Capt. Thos. E. ,Fla..'........................ 2.00103.00 for ordinary to good stock: pineapples quart. New potatoes 1.00 a peck. Hot-
Richards pointed out to the writer Messina............. ......... 3.25 (Havanas) 6 to 6.50, barrel toma- house tomatoes sell at 40 cents a pound.
Limes TOO........... ................. .5 sugar ; Philadelphia Spring broiling chickens
within gunshot of Indian river two Grape fruit, barrel.................... 3.00104.00 toes, 2 to 2.50 per crate; 2.50 to 3 carrier; 60 Philadelphia
of which box ...................... 2.25 beans, 1.50 per crate. sell at 50 and cents a pound. -
acres pineapples broughthim Pineapples crate..................... 5.00 roasting chickens 28 cents a
$1400 net, and from his entire Bananas bunch. 1.2510 1.75 pound. Spring ducklings 40 cents a
Apples 3-5003.75 MACON, GA., May 24. 32 to 35
crop of about twenty-five acres he received Potatoes new. barrel................ 3.00104.00 i pound. Philadelphia capons
over $10,000. From a half sweet,bushel..... .......... .50 Oranges, bright, 3.00; russet, 2.75; cents a JMMUH]. White squab retail at
Florida cabbage good demand bbl.. 1.50 to 2.00 grape fruit,no demand; bananas, bunch, 4.40 tp 4.75:) a dozen and the dare birdsat
acre of slips he received $3,500.A Onions .. i.ooto 1.25 1.50;potatoes, bbl.,4 to 5.50; beets, bbl., 2; 3.50 to a. *:>.

little later that season we spentan Turnips Beets 1.50 2.25 tomatoes,crate, 2; beans crate, 2; straw- Red cherries tire arriving from California

hour or two looking through a Carrots, 2.50 berries, lOc. and li. :ill at the exorbitant price

small but exceedingly well kept orange Parsnips, ... 2.50 of'1.00 to i L;%)T a I o. ud. Peaches from
grove a long way north of the "frost Cucumbers 2.0010250 NEW YORK, May[ 21. New Jersey hothouses :sell for 10.00 a
Celery, .5010.60 dozen. Cheap Florida peaches sell at 10
line," and on pine land, whose crop Egg Plants each. to .I24 The cold rainy weather has had a depressing cents each or three for a quarter. Straw-
the for Beans, 75 to i.oo effect on the market. Straw- of Nor-
last year sold at depot only a berries from the gardens
Peas, i.ooto
1.50 berries Charleston 10 to 20c.
few dollars short of $1,000 an acre. Strawberries......................... .07 to .10 ; folk, Va., of good quality, sell for 35
Cauliflower............................ i.00 to 2.00 Carolina, 7 to 12c.; Norfolk, 6 to 14c.; cents a quart. There are many of the
Last year was a favorable season, Tomatoes................. i.ooto 1.50 i beets, Charleston, 3.00 to 5.00 per 100; berries arriving from the South this week
but the past season has been one of Peaches .. .. 2.50103.50 ; Savannah, 2.00 to 2.50 per barrel; cab- found very 'gritty," caused by rains
Native Plums .10
depression. Yet we are personally bage, Charleston. 1.50 to 2.25; Savannah, washing the sand against the fruit.
POULTRY AND EGGS. 1.75 to 2.00; Florida, 75c. to 1.00; North
in from the West
acquainted with two orange growers, Pineapples are coming
to Carolina, 1.50 to 2.00; Norfolk 1.25 to
$ .40 .45Roosters. Indies and at 10
very rapidly, are selling
both living on pine land who have .
3oto .35Broilers 1.75; cucumbers, Savannah, 2.50 to 4.50; to 25 cents each. The Florida

sold their choicest fruit at $5 a box, Turkeys............................... i.ooto to 1.25Ducks. .30 lettuce, 1.00 to 2.00; squash, 50c. to1.00; crop is about at an end for this year orange, and
and have netted over $2 a box for the .4500 beans, Charleston, wax, 1.50 to 2.00; the sourer product of the Mediterranean
.5 to .75 1.00 to 1.50; Savannah, 1.00 tol.25:>;
entire crop. Eggs................................... .15 green Florida 50c. 1.00 tomatoes carriers takes its place. Northern Spy apples
to ,
cost 30 and 40 cents a dozen. Black
Two growers, one in Orange county JACKSONVILLE MARKET NOTES. 1.50 to 2.25; crates, 1.00 to 2.00; pototoes, 3.00 and
Hamburg a pound, pink
and the other in Bradford, sold celery i Plenty of Florida oranges and grape primes, 3.00 to 4.00, seconds, 2.00 to 3.00. grapes

last winter and spring netting them at I fruit in the stalls: yet, but they look stale PALMER, RIVENBURO & Co. (Continued on page 416.1MAT



Our y oun FoIl\s. too long, but they took a tuck in it. over 18,000 acres or 6,000 cars ment, which is only a short distance

Then, when the dress was ready to try against over 11,000 last year.Ve south of Eden, will soon rival, if not

on, there was absolutely no other way see no reason to change our estimateof eclipse that famous point, in its pro-
for it but for Maggie's mother to bring
. A Girls' Conspiracy. Clara to the house for that purpose. She 600 cars of peaches and 100 cars of duction of pineapples. Three years

Four girls were going along the streetin concealed the real object by sundry pre- grapes. Both crops are doing just as ago John L. Jensen dwelt here in sol.

Lawtey, Florida, when Gertie said:" 0, varications and divers stories inventedfor well as they can. The condition of itude, while, if we are not mistaken,

girls, isn't it too bad that Clara can't the occasion, all of which this pres- the melon crop at a good many placesis from observations made at the post-
ent narrator considers to have been in
have hat like the rest of but other office have a dozen subscribers at
a new summer the highest degree praiseworthy and very poor, at some pointsit you
us? I believe I'll take" some of my money free from sinfulness. is doing very nicely.-Macon Fruit this thriving point.-Indian River
and her
buy" one. "It's such a little dress for Mildred !I" Grower.Mr. Advocate.In .
"But said "if she had
Maggie a new
said innocent Clara. "It would fit
hat, her old shoes would look so bad. If just C. P. Lund says he has in his conversation with .J. K. Hilliard
me, wouldn't it?
she gets a new hat from you, I'll have to Which was precisely the information vineyard two-year-old vines of the : recently he told of something new in
buy her a pair of shoes to keep it com- I reference "die back "
they wanted. Delaware, Cynthiana and White Niagara to orange tree ,

pany."Yes," said Mildred, "and how would Then came the last day, the eventful varieties that are bearing any- which should receive a thorough investigation
day, when the garments were to be fin-
she look with new shoes and new hat where from ten to one hundred from orange tree scientists.
ished. Maggie\ the oldest, had to be detailed -
and her old dress. It would be just too that day to keep the three sistersat bunches of grapes. The fruit is of One of Mr. Hilliard's largest trees,

ridiculous for anything. Lizzie and "I home. She had to tell all her best large size and good quality, notwith-- without apparent cause, began to

will have to get her a new white dress. stories and all the old riddles she could standing the long continued drouth, wither and die. Mr. Hilliard dug
"But that will be too much for
two," said Maggie\ who was the oldestof you recall from the beginning the fall of of the Whisky and will begin to ripen within a month. into the roots to discover the cause if
Rebellion down to the Abys-
the "If who His located the possible. The roots were
girls. you two, are the sinian empire. And they went over grapevines are on apparentlyall

youngest, buy her a whole dress, yourselves their geography from Kamtschatka to peninsula opposite Daytona. Wherecan right, but he kept on with his

Gertie and I will have to buy her Lake Nicaragua."You you find an equal or better show. work till he finally cut into the tap

something to match."more, stockings or something *' never played with us so long be- ing?-Halifax Journal.It root, where he found the cause of the

So they fell to work with the greatest fore, said after Clara. which seemed would make a New York florist'seyes trouble. The root showed that some
Finally, a delay
eagerness to figure up an entire suit and sparkle to the immense kind of a worm had been boring
almost endless, word came down to the see quantities -
to apportion the expenditures and the faithful soldier on picket duty to fetch of beautiful pond lilies that through it, leaving a hole about a
!labors equitably among the four accord- of inch in diameter.
the prisoner. an Thereare
up sold for trifle quarter
ing to experience and length ofpur& are a on our streets
age They led the little one away, much three things about this matter that
Dozens of
They were possessed sums every day. boys paradethe
wondering. One of the older sisters,
ranging from five to ten dollars apiece, unable to her curiosity, had streets carrying great arm- struck us as peculiar. First, with the

which they had earned by picking and broken through repress the hostile lines and got fuls of them, and some "little kids" closest scrutiny, Mr. Hilliard could

shipping strawberries the to Jacksonville.Clara of into the fortifications, and it was decidednot scud along under such wealth of not find where the worm had entered

was youngest daughter to eject her now. They'led the little I the tree, neither could he find the
bloom and to the
the minister, whose slender salary was fragrance as suggest
into the room and without -
heavily taxed. to keep his large and : one a word began to disrobe her and substitute saying idea of huge animated bouquets, dart- worm itself. Second, the hole left by

growing family supplied with everything one article of summer finery after I I ing here and there through the streets. the worm was round instead of flat,

needed. another for the winter suit that had seen Where the boys find so many water- as is the case in all other instances we
And what a time they had in getting ,
its best days. lilies is Courier. have heard of. Third, the wood
things arranged so as to make each one's a mystery.-Bartow
The little one was speechless with worked in instead of being dead was
share of the and
expense equal} yet get wonder. The fun-loving girls all tooka Favoring results from a small foun-
the little one a complete outfit and noth- alive and growing. The track of the
hand at in dressing her and they
once ,
dation is the of
ing over. Mitts, stockings, lace, ribbons, until cried. She ener- worm was not confined to the heart of
laughed they simply
thread had be added and then there getic tomato in and around
to ; heM out her arms in helpless silence; growers the tree, but he had wandered to suit

was the making up. But the greatest looked at this,then at that: stroked down, Winter Haven. Several parties in his own sweet fancy, here coming very
matter of all how to the
was keep
their conspiracy at a distance while all whenever she got a chance, the pretty that famous locality have realized as near the bark and then going back to
scarlet ribbons, the laces, the lawn much as $500 per acre lur their toma-
this vastly important matter was discussed the center again. Mr. Hilliard has
and turned for the sleeves, the little mitts. toes. The day of small things is not
over twen- Then they led her, with cheeks flushed other trees affected the same way and
tieth time. They had to detail a picketto rosy and eyes shining with immeasurable to be despised, as an acre of tomatoesin we think orange tree scientists may

stand on guard and keep the enemyat happiness, down to her mother. Polk county is equal ,to the yield of find something here which will throw
Three of them
would with
bay. sew
Tableau 100 acres of corn in Kentucky or Ten- "
the "die back. Parties who
the help of their mothers to cut out, light on
told her the whole all four
They story, nessee or bales of cotton in
while the fourth had to create a diversion twenty may desire further. particulars should
of them talking at once.
in the of the And this Mississippi. Yet as we often hear
camp enemy. The good Lady was so touched with address J. K. Hilliard, Kissimmee,
fourth one voted that she had the hardest there is nothing in farming. Of course
joy and gratitude that she could not Fla.-Kissimmee Leader.
part of all to play, for she had not onlyto there is of in other
keep back the tears.Mate nothing to brag .
amuse Clara and keep her at home
but also her two elder sisters, who had a States compared to Florida.Bartow Steady work is often a necessity fora

Xews. before she be with foal.
consuming curiosity. mare can got

Then there was another distressing eWs. T. V. Moore is constantly making -- -- --
matter-how were they to get the dress
improvements on the large property CURE FITS !
fitted to the little one with no other one d
just her size to measure by? Messrs. Reasoner Bros. shippedfour which he is interested in and manag-
When I cure I do not mean merely to stop them
But first of all of four boxes of plants to Mysore India for his whom My
two the were ing partners, among are for a time and then hare them return again. I mean a
detailed to go to Jacksonville to invest Wednesday.. J. W. Ballantine, of Somerville, N. J., radical cure. I have made: the d.seise of FITS EPILEPSY ,
their funds "all by themselves- not or FALLING SICKNESS a hfe-lonc study. I
papa i and Messrs. Ives and Moreman[ of
1Ir.V.. H. Abel shipped 130 crates warrant my remedy to cure the worst case. Because
even to to the stores with them"though -
go This others hare failed is no reason for not now raceirinc a
he was to be allowed to the the first and 100 the second week of Jacksonville. company has now
: pay core. Send at once for a treatise and a Free Bottle of
fare of one of them one way (the con- May, from four acres of tomatoes j one of the largest pineapple planta- my infallible remedy. Gire Express and Pod Office.

ductor "passed" the younger one). They Who can beat it this year ? They tions in the county and this settle- II. G. ROOT M. C., 183 Pearl Be.. Y. Y.

found out by some pretty careful figur- were Livingston Beauties.-Manatee --- -
ing, that they could buy goods enough Advocate.A Acc(.n paii;"'ng u a puitrail of the late Prol. La

cheaper in Jacksonville to pay the fare wart: E. Phelps, M. D., LL. D. of Dartmouth}

of one of the conspirators one way, but Melbourne item says : The pine- Co// ege. lie was a strong,able man, who stood
not both ways. Well, that was proper, fields in this
for papa thought they had done> well apple vicinity give prom- a Ugh in the literary and scientific worlds. It is not

shipping strawberries, and had shown ise of an abundant crop. Several generally known, but it isneverthelessf the truth

such hearty good will toward their play- fields that we have examined show that Pro( Phelps was the discoverer of what i is

mate that they deserved to have their i nearly every plant bearing, and many known to the Medical profession and Chemists

fare paid both ways and let it go for an II with two apples to a plant.In .5'T'z / universally as Paine's Celery Compound, unquestionably

excursion.The t one of the most valuable discoveriesof
goods were all purchased and a few weeks the pineapple har-

brought home, and the next morning it vest will have begun, and I am of the this century. This remarkable: compound i is

was smuggled into the house of Maggie, opinion that the crop will surprUe the not a nervine, an essence, a sarsaparilla, or any

who, being the oldest, assumed chargeof transportation companies. So rapidan :\. .'x _:$"' devised article, but a discavtry, and it marks: a

the undertaking, with her mother as increase in has been '." distinct step in medical practice and the treatment
a final arbiter in case of a serious differ- acreage planted 1".z"= "'" of nervous complicationsand the
in the last three and is still greatestof
ence of opinion or a wrinkled seam. years, : -- all modern diseases! -Paresis. It has been
But what a piece of work they made going on, will sooner than is generally
'> M freely admitted by the beet medical talent in the
with the sleeves They meant to make expected force the railroads to con-
them "short sleeves land, and also by the leading: chemists and scien-
summer reachingto
tinue on down the river; steamers will tiits that for troubles, exhaust.
the elbows : but they cut them too T M3 L a+ftQOnDUET r L DO. nervous nervous
short, so' that the ends had to look about not be able to transport the freight.- ton, insomnia debility, senility, and even the

two inches down the arms to see where Indian River Advocate.The dreaded and terrible Paresis, nothing has ever been discovered!; which reaches the disorderand

\ the elbows were. melon crop of Georgia cannot restores health equal to this discovery of Prof. Phelps.
Oh, my gracious But they mended

that matter and got the proper amountof exceed 20,000 acres, or about 7,000 o ON'T/ DC DC FOOLED: 1 bJ "*iff Dealer who liar imitation of Diet nond Due AMAfat
cloth into the sleeves. The skirt was cars at best, and will probably not go fQual4thfJiancmdjor FAMIL'AND FANCY DYE.410 *" -,.

II _


arranged that the shelves might be applied in such a manner as to imme- pulp of two oranges. Beat separately

Our Rural fiome placed at different heights accordingto diately coagulate the albumen at the the yolks and whites of three eggs; mix

the amount of ice. On these surface, after which the balance of the all together with half a cupful of milk
and two tablespoonfuls of rolled cracker
Our Children's Eyes.A shelves the food was placed, and the roasting may be slowly done, but in crumbs. Fill shells made of puff paste.

mother sends the following only inconvenience of the whole ar all cases with frequent basting. A Lemon tarts are made in the same way,

rangement came when fresh ice must roast is probably the most readily as- substituting for the oranges one large or
. kindly, wise words : Allow me to say be put in. Then a part or all of the similated of almost any form of meat two small lemons. A twisted strip of
a few words in to the children'seyes. be like
regard handle
paste may put on a converting -
shelves had to be taken out; but this food, the action of the heat in this way
Years when the children these tarts into tasty baskets.
ago, had to be done far less often than in preparing the fibrin, albumen, fat and
studied their lessons from their books, ORANGE JELLY.-One-half box of gela-
we did not hear much about their an ordinary refrigerator, as the ice salts to be most readily taken up by tine, one-half cup of cold water, one cup
very Let consult wasted very slowly. The air in the the digestive forces. At the same of boiling water, juice of one lemon,one
giving out.
eyes us our box was always pure and sweet, and time, the empyreumatic oils are dissi- cup of sugar, one pint of orange juice.
blackboards and see what they can Soak the gelatine in cold water half
the food was kept at a lower temper- pated from the surface more perfectlythan an
tell us about this world-wide subject. hour and add the boiling water lemon
Dear parents and guardians all over ature than in most ice boxes. Enough by any other method of cooking, juice, sugar and orange juice;stir till the

this broad land how hours simple board shelves were provided, except by broiling. The time requiredfor sugar is dissolved, then strain. Lemon
many so that one set could be scrubbed and roasting cannot be exactly specified jelly is equally nice, substituting a half

through the day are your little children dried in the open air each week.- I since much will depend upon the cup-of lemon juice instead of the orange
sitting in school staring at a black- and the
juice steeping grated yellow
Orchard and GardenIrregularity fire and the
board, upon which are placed by the something upon meat; : In hot water ten minutes. Make a day
but in it be safe to calculate
general may: before wish to use it.
teachers most of the lessons for the at Meals.I :
about fifteen minutes for
upon ORANGE SHORTCAKE.-Take a dozen
day times the lines being so fine
many once spent a year with a most in- I each pound contained in the roast, juicy oranges, peel and put in a cool
and could be read
pale they not easily teresting family; the members were veal and pork requiring a little longer place. Make a shortcake of a pint of
more than half or two-thirds the way and refined prepared flour, a tablespoonful of lard
more intelligent than time than beef and mutton. But it is
across the room, but the children are and the same of butter rubbed well together
many of their neighbors, and might not safe to adhere inflexibly to ,
any and made into with
a dough a
them all the
required to see cup
way have lived delightfully but (for the con. rule of hours and minutes; the pressure of rich sweet milk. Roll out about an
across and from the remotest
corners. stant friction caused by delays at of a spoon or similar utensil will' inch thick into a sheet, put it into a well
Many of the children when first look- meals. Mrs. James' girlhood had show, by the readiness with which the buttered pan and bake in a quick oven a
ing at the board do not see much of been in light brown. Take out of the pan, and
spent a systematic home, and meat yields, when the right degree of
pull and dot with butter. Whenit
but apart
anything looking sharp fora
very I when she left it to become Mrs. tenderness has been attained. Good has
melted spread the sliced
few seconds the lines reveal them oranges
James, she tried to practice her methodical Housekeeper. on half the cake, sprinkling well with

selves. This, my friend, means ways. Her meals were pre- > sugar, put the rest on top, cover with

strained eyes, and strained eyes mean pared on time, but Mr. James was Children's Throat Troubles.A sugar just before sending to the table.
weakened or diseased optic nerves, the Occasionally a person prefers this short
never at appointed hour.
possibly no at all-it all alldepend present child who has always had its own ,cake served with sauce made from the
eyes As result the food improved
a was not -
juice of three and two lemons
ing upon the severity of the strain. way is not likely to be willing to giveit oranges
by standing even for a few boiled in a pint of water with sugar and
Even when the work is quite_distinct!, minutes, and when hours were allowedto up when it is ailing and miserable, nutmeg to taste. When the sauce is used
for children who have naturally weak the butter is omitted.
pass, the viands were utterly writes Elizabeth Robinson Scovil in a
eyes the distance many times is so spoiled. My indignation would frequently valuable article entitled <"Make<<< the LEMON SYRUP.-Roll the lemons, then

great that the air waves coming be- reach the boiling point when Doctor a Friend," in the June Ladies' press the juice into a bowl or any deep
tween the poor, tired eyes and the earthen dish, take all the seeds out as
Mrs. Bribes and
James, having carefully preparedher Home Journal. entreat-
they give a bitter taste. Remove the
board cause the lines to waver and husband's favorite dish, would be ies are of little use then. The way- pulp from the peels and cover with water

flicker, and especially is this the case obliged to wait two hours before serv- ward will, unused to discipline, is only and boil a few minutes, then strain the

when the light is poor and the ventil-- ing it, and then listen to a grumbling strengthened by the weakness and water with the juice of the lemons. Al-
ation bad. Anything put on the board low a pound of white sugar to every pint
monologue from her dyspeptic hus- weariness of the body. A wise phy--
of juice, boil ten minutes and then bot-
for children to see, whether old or band. I did mind him since that
not sician said
seeing to me not long tle and seal. A tablespoonful or two of
young, should have large proportions, suffer from attacks of indigestion, he had known cases where chi I- this in a ,glass: of water with cracked ice

and broad, clear lines throughout, so which he had brought upon himselfby dren's lives had been sacrificed be- furnishes a delicious drink on a July

no extra efforts. will have to be madeto irregularity in eating, but I did cause they had not been taught to .,day. .
discover it. There is a great differ- rebel the No doubt doctor of wide
mentally at unnecessary obey. any
The of straw-
refrigerator shipment
ence in eyes; one child will readilysee suffering he inflicted upon his wife. experience could confirm this state-
berries by E. Leybourne for the past
what another could not withoutthe
Mrs. James was a slave to her husband's ment. Is not this a fact to make
fatal strain. I know whereof I season, was 51,450 quarts, as against
I unmethodical ways;*her break- mothers ask themselves : "Am I pre-
speak, for my own eyes were nearly I fast was around all the morning, din- paring my child for sickness as wellas ?73.45 for the same period last year,
falling off of Theseason's
a quarts.
destroyed through this same practice, ner all the afternoon, and tea all the health ? If not, what can I do toward 22,000

and I know others who have suffereda evening. The tea hour was six o'clock, it now, before it is too late ?" work resulted in $23,000,

like fate.-Peninsula Home Journal.A but it was nothing unusual for her to It is usually in diseases of the gross receipts.-Gainesville Sun.
I I be washing the dishes at nine o'clock, throat that the greatest difficulty is

Home-Made Refrigerator.Now when she ought to be resting in the found in inducing the child to submitto

that ice is furnished at such hammock on the veranda. How I treatment. In diphtheria and scar- EVERY FAMILY

reasonable rates, country housekeepers I longed to read that man a lecture, let fever it is sometimes impossible to Should be. provided with Ayer's Pills.
have ceased consider it him his selfishness and calling make the tonsils
to of
a luxury. telling any application No other aperient is in such general demand -
But, oftentimes, a woman who needs his attention to his wife, whose either with spray or brush, without so or so highly recommended by the

this help to summer housekeeping is health was breaking from the tread- exciting and frightening the poor little profession. Mild\ but thorough in oper-

prevented for lack of a refrigerator.The mill existence; but as I was only a patient that the consequent exhaustiontells ation, these pills are the best of all remedies

patent ones are expensive, and boarder, and prided myself upon the sadly against its chances of re for constipation,biliousness,heartburn
I Joss of
indigestion flatulency
appetite -
more or less troublesome. Withoutthe mind affairs and
ability to my own covery. liver complaint, and sick head
greatest care there is always a close, never interfere with those of others, I Accustom a child to open its mouth ache. They break up colds, fevers, and

musty smell about them, which makes refrained from giving the lecture. IfI and have its throat examined. It can malaria, relieve rheumatism and neuralgia -

one hesitate to put in them such ab had remained there much longer my be done playfully, giving a sugar- and are indispensable to travelers -

sorbent foods as milk and butter. nerves would have given way from plum as a reward when "mother cn ,either byr land or sea.

As the writer has used a homemadeice sheer sympathy with Mrs. James.- see way down his throat." The little Sugar-coat-of Needs ed the and purestvegetable compounded -

box for several years, she would Country Gentleman. one will never suspect that he is acquiring cathartics

like to give her readers the benefitof C IRoasting a habit which may save his they may be taken with impunity by

her experience, with directions for Meat. life. old and young. Physicians recommend

making this most satisfactory article.It Roasting when properly done, is I < these pills in preference to any other.

was built directly on the sandy cellar one of the best and most wholesome Help from Members of the Citrus II.W.Hersh,Judsonia,Ark.,says: "In
Family. 1853,by the advice of a friend, I beganthe
bottom and methods of preparing meat for the
was really nothingmore
use of Ayer's Pills as a remedy for
than two boxes table. At the same time, for the young a
square one thick syrup of white sugar; grate off the biliousness, constipation, high fevers,
about a foot smaller than the other, housekeeper it is one of the most uncertain yellow portion of the peel and boil it in and colds. They served me better than

with the space between packed with and critical. Every beginner syrup ten minutes. Put in glass jars anything I had previously tried, and I

sawdust. Each box had a hinged should be prepared to expect more or and paste paper over. A teaspoonful of have used them in attacks of that sort
this flavors a loaf of cake or dish of sauce ever since."
cover. The ice was placed on a rackat less failures, till experience shall have

the bottom of the inner box;whence, perfected her powers of supervision.In very ORANGE acceptably.AND LEMON TARTS.Creamtwo Ayers! Cathartic Pills

as it slowly melted, the water sank this method, as in broiling, the tablespoonfuls of butter and a cup-

into the soil. This inner box was so initial heat should be so intense and pul of sugar; add the grated rind and soft I Every Dose Effective.




$250 prize for largest apple grown in At the same time as a check upon
: Florida. Agricultural Chemistry. the other experiments and to deter
PRINCE ALBERT.-No special charac- mine how much of the solvent power
teristics. Solubility of Florida Phosphates.
Edited by JOHN B. BEACH, Motto, Fla. exercised was in each case dependentupon
green ; Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower.
- not fruited. the water the same amount of
Notes on Varieties. The natural desire for some method....
RED WEST INDIA.-Common field ap- phosphate rock was rubbed up to a
Following is an extract from an ar- ple, weight 4 Ibs. of treating our Florida phosphates less creamy consistence with 100 c.c. of

ticle published in the Tropical Sun at SUGAR LOAF. -Green riot ip color, 3 lb. objectionable than the one in which distilled water alone and set aside in
weight, very sweet but very nice
Juno, Dade county, giving a description flavor. strong mineral acids are employed, the same manner. All this was done
BIRDSEYE. little nicer variety than has brought frequent inquiries to the December 10, 1891. No further at-
by Mr. H. S. Kedney of Winter
the West India Red; about 5 lb. State laboratory as to the effect of thisor tention was given to the matter ex-
Park, of his experiences with numer- ENVILLE CITY.-Good apple, nice flavor add
that supposed "solvent" upon the cept to occasionally a few dropsof
weight about 7 Ibs., and fruit bears
ous varieties under protecting sheds: a handsome coxcomb crown. material in question. While the writer distilled water to replace the small

We will next give a complete list of MONT\ SERRAT.Mediocre, most acid has every disposition to encourage ex- amount that was lost from evaporationin
twenty-seven distinct varieties grown by of any of pines, meat very yellow, rich- periment and would be exceedingly. the case of two or three of the
Mr. Kedney, some of which have not yet est colorweight about G Ibs. gratified to know that some practicable .-. beakers whose covers did not fit per-
fruited at his plantation. The characteristics WHITE ANTIGUA.-Not fruited. method has been discovered for i fectly. On the loth of May, five
of each plant and fruit far
he has noted them also so BLACK ANTIGUA.-Not fruited. effecting the desired result, he has months after these experiments were
as are given, together
with their average weight as well "Golden EGYPTIAN Queen QUEEi.-OftCI1," too well called known the to been compelled to reply to all such in- begun, the amount of dissolved phos.
as the highest weight they have attained need description; have grown them to quiries that so far as his knowledge phoric acid was determined. The
under his system of cultivation.This 12 Ibs. weight. extended-with one exceptionnoneof following is the result :

come list in is the prepared order of so their.that the value varieties as a- BLOSSOM TOP.-Small, round as a the proposed "solvents" were at all The water alone dissolved 64-100

fruit producing or money-making crop, Northern tree apple and has a big bunching likely to have any such effect. Still, of one per cent. of phosphoric acid.
with the exception of the first named, top. as the writer is not aware of any recorded The water with muriate of potash
whose excellence as a delicious home VARIEGATED SMOOTH CA YE NE.-Simi- tests of the matter, it was decided dissolved 58-100 of one per cent of
lar to the ordinary Cayenne but with
fruit (though useless for shipping) givesit
months since institute acid.
precedence of its smoother leaves, not so large an apple, some a phosphoric
rivalled easy qualities. by reason un- (about 5 lbs.)and with leaves variegatedas series of experiments to aid in the set- The water with kainite dissolved

BLACK JAfAIcA.-Small apple, great- indicated by the name. tlement of this question.The 48-100 of one per cent. of phosphoricacid.

est weight thirty-one pounds; no apple to The Dictionary of Gardening, an various suggested "solvents"were .
compare with it in excellence of llavor; English work by George Nicholson, as follows : Muriate of potash, The water with sulphate of potash
no core, no stringy tissue in the fruit,-almost Curator of Kew Gardens, says of the kainite, sulphate of potash, flowers of dissolved 46-100 of one per cent. of
transparent, sweet and delightfulodor Black Jamaica: "Plant oval, some- sulphur, nitrate of potash and quick phosphoric acid.
; one ripe apple will fill
a large
house with a delightful aroma; plants what pyramidal, bronzy-yellow when lime.The I The water with flowers of sulphur
small,leaves upright and folded, black ripe, weight four to five pounds; flesh tests were made in the follow- dissolved 45-100 of one per cent. of
inside, darkest of any kind known;apple firm, rich, juicy and highly flavored. ing manner : A typical sample of phosphoric acid.
black until ripe, then becomes a rich This is undoubtedly one of the best hard rock phosphate, cream phosphate The water with caustic. potash dissolved -
orange in color. Fruit too tender to varieties for in winter." taken the material be of of
stand shipping. fruiting was as to 1 19-100 one per cent
Charlotte Rothschild Fruit tested. The rock in acid.
SMOOTH CAYENNE.This is sometimes : large, question gave by phosphoric
called the "French Guiana," being a native cylindrical or slightly barrel-shaped analysis 74.80 per cent. phosphate of The water with nitrate of potash
variety of the Azore Islands anda with medium-sized crown. Pips large, lime (tricalcic orthophosphate), 3.20 dissolved 48-100 of one per cent. of
favorite hothouse variety in Eng- flat, golden-yellow, flesh yellow and per cent. of ferric phosphate and 2.89 phosphoric acid.
land. The standard price of these applesis of aluminic This The with caustic lime dissolved
very juicy; weight seven to ten pounds. per cent. phosphate. water -
each about
a guinea ( five dollars in
London. No prickles on the leaves, This fine variety requires a high temperature rock, when ground to an impalpable none.
maximum weight ten pounds, average plenty of light and dry air powder and treated in the usual way It requires only the most casual
five pounds, fruits in winter, best to ripen properly. with neutral ammonium citrate, gave glance at this table to see that exceptin
shipper and keeper grown and nets an Lady Beatrice Lambton:. Fruit pyr- 2.43 per cent. of "available" phos the case of caustic potash, no sol-

easy Nine-tenths average of of SI per plants apple are on of the this crop.va- amidal or conical; flesh pale yellow; phoric acid. This phosphate rock vent action was produced by any of
riety. my remarkable for the abundance of its was powdered in a Wedgewood mor- these supposed solvents. The

RIPLEY QUEEN.Grows same size as !juice; flavor rich and excellent; average tar until it would readily pass througha water alone dissolves more than it
the Smooth Cayenne, is slightly acid in I weight nine pounds An exceedingly 120 mesh sieve. One gramme ((15.4 does when it contains these other

flavor, more handsome in appearance, handsome variety,likely to prove, grains) was then taken and rubbed up substances in solution or suspension.In .
the fruit being longer in shape and leaves under good cultivation, one of the best with an eual amount of each of the other words, they prevent but do

very thorny. for general use, ana also for good supposed solvents and carefully rinsed not promote solution. In the case
TRINIDAD.-Plant of slow growth, fruiting in winter.! with distilled water into an open of the caustic lime this was especially
fruit rather coarse, not well flavored,
Lord Carington Fruit beaker with a. tightly marked. It not be inappropriate -
sold for size only; have grown apples : long, pyra. fitting ground may
weighing thirteen and one-half to four- midal, dark orange; flesh pale yellow, giass cover, and the amount in each in passing to observe that this
teen pounds. tender, rich and highly flavored; case made up to 100 c. c. (about 4 inhibitory effect of the caustic limeis
ABACA.-A genuine rival of the Cay- weight four to seven pounds. A fine ounces) with distilled water, the cover quite consistent with the view for

enne in beauty, size, of flavor frifit and prolific eleven winter variety of the Jamaica. section.Of put on and set aside upon a laboratoryshelf. some time entertained by the writer
pounds.qualities. Weight the Queen it says: "One of the The only exception to this was that the solution of ." bone phosphateof

GIANT PORTO Rico.-Largest apple best pineapples for general cultivation; in the case of the caustic potash and lime" in water is really the resultof
raised in Porto Rico, was introduced by it is unexcelled in summer and autumn quick lime. In these cases the mate the decomposition of the latter,
the Curator of the British Botanical gar- by any other, but does not swell prop- rials were placed in bottles, which as truly as in the case of its treatmentby
dens. erly in winter. This is supposed to were then tightly corked and sealed a mineral acid. The presence ofa
PITCH LAKE TRINIDAD.Very fine fruit, oldest air and unsaturated base like lime
be the pineapple we have. with wax to keep them tight powerful ,
nice flavor and size
a good ,
weighing There several sub varieties the and lime in the with its for
from nine to ten pounds. This variety are grown; preserve potash strong affinity phosphoricacid
comes from the borders of Pitch Lake on that known as the Ripley Queen being caustic form. An analysis of the ma- at once neutralizes this feeble
the island of Trinidad, a lake of molten the best. It propagates freely and terials used was as follows: The mu- solvent power. In other words,

lava CROWN and asbestos. ripens its fruit quickly. Queen pine- riate of potash contained 93.21 percent under especially favorable conditions,
PRINCE.-Nice apple, largest will in condition for of chloride the kainite water
6 Ibs., no decided qualities ; a native of apples keep good potassium ; pure can slowly decompose
Jamaica. weeks after they are ripe." gave 23.46 per cent. of potassium sulphate ordinary tri-basic phosphate of lime.

LORD CARINQTON.variety commonly Of the Smooth Cayenne it says: with about the usual propor- Some, probably most, inactive salts
grown in English hot-houses. "Weight from six to nine pounds. A tions of magnesium and calcium sul- when presented tend to retard this

LADY, nice BEATRICE flavor LAMPTON.maximum Very fine very handsome variety; one of the best phate, sodium and magnesium chlo- reault. Caustic lime at once turns the

7 apple IDS.; another English hot-house variety.weight for fruiting in winter and early spring, ride, etc.; the sulphate of potash gave balance of affinities in the opposite
CHARLOTTE ROTHSCHILD. special when it is more juicy than any other. 94.06 per cent. of actual potassium direction and locks up the phosphoricacid
characteristics. This is the variety so largely grown in sulphate; the flowers of sulphur was in a condition of absolute insol-
CROWN SUGAR LOAF.Much larger the Azores, whence the English fruit- the ordinary commercial article; the ubility in water.It .
than the common Sugar Loaf, very obtain their of caustic Mercks' is that the facts
sweet, improved variety and weight erers principal supply potash was preparedby not improbable
5 Ibs. fruits from autumn till the following alcohol and marked "C. P.;" the given above may have more or less

RED RIvr .-Not yet fruited. May. It does not produce suckers nitrate of potash was from the houseof bearing upon the assimilation of phos-
BLOOD.-Not yet fruited. very freely. Bullock & Cranshaw, also marked"C. phoric acid as plant food. It is well
:MAMMOTH PARA. -Seen in South None of the other varieties de- P.," but, as is usually the case, known that the acids of the soil, car-
America, to 22 Ibs.on the Amazon
coarse in pulp grows, am growing this varietyfor ; scribed by Mr. Kedney are mentioned. neither of these was strictly "chemi-- bonate of potash, and, under certain
competition for the General Sanfordi"t.j" JONH B. BEACH. cally pure." i conditions; ammohia and ammoniacal

.. .. ...
....;: .i... ". I



compounds, promote the solution of yellow or brown, and the proportions I one can travel, buy and sell, or stayas was satisfied and my "bluff" suc
phosphates, while other substances, as of saccharine and starch vary also. I long as one likes within its borders. ceeded.
j above indicated, completely prevent, The climate best suited to the growth I Not at all A passport is needed, The cherry blossoms are attract-
or more or less retard it. It is true of liquorice is that where oranges and i with the route to places which the ing thousands of visitors to localities -
that in fertilizers, as ordinarily used, all the citrus family thrive, as it bearer desires to visit. It is easily where the trees are plantedin
the greater portion of the phosphoricacid cannot endure severe ground frost nor obtainable at the foreign office, or avenues, and the Japanese are
is already in a "water soluble" cold high latitudes. In Sicily it through the Consuls, and is issued by always ready with an excuse for a.
state. This, it must be remembered, grows most luxuriantly in low lands the Japanese government with two holiday. At Uyeno, Tokio, is large
is an artificially induced and tempo adjacent to streams of water. The objects, one is "for the benefit of open space for games, etc., and a
rary state. How long it will take in valley of the river Simeto is so rich health" and the other "for scientific party of thirty girls were playing blind
any given instance for the "water sol- that,' with the rudest tools and culture, investigations." It is not required, "man's" buff. When caught, they
uble" phosphoric acid to "revert" or the peasants have no difficulty in however, within 30 miles of an "open"port did not feel each other's face and
go back to more basic forms, is a mat- growing cereals and other plants for of which there are six or seven hands or for earrings and jewelry, but
ter depending upon so many varying food. Their principal trouble is keep- where trading is allowed and which the dresses and especially the "obi"or
soil conditions, that only approximateand ing down the weeds that spring up so are, of course, well known to you. ( sash) and by it they nearly all
conjectural estimates can be abundantly in the cultivated lands, Beyond that, when purchasing a ticketat guessed right, showing what interest
made. It is safe to say, however, and the liquorice from its pertinacity the railroad station the passport has they take in each other's clothes and
that in most soils this "going back" is most dreaded. A crop can be to be shown. I am not allowed to how well they notice the material-
process proceeds quite rapidly. The gathered every three or four years spend a night in the house of a Japanese whether crepe or silk. A schoolof
r mechanical condition of these basic from the same ground, and the friend in the country unless he about two hundred boys, averaging :-
phosphates is no doubt greatly improved digging commences after the autumn first notifies the police of the fact, andit nine or ten years old, who had
by their previous solution in rains have set in. Liquorice requiresthe may be four or five miles away ; it come up in horse cars gayly dec-
acid. In all other respects, in chem- hot sun to perfect its juice, but at may pour with rain or be dark as orated with bunting and national flags,
ical composition, in affinities, in solubility the same time it bakes the ground so I pitch, but it has to be done.I had fenced in with a few bamboo canesa
, in soil water, save as effected by hard, the task of collecting the deep- am now staying with a young race track, and were enjoying the
that improved mechanical condition, set roots would be too laborious and Japanese 7 miles north of Tokio. fun immensely. Each one, includingthe
,the ultimate products, formed in the expensive till the earth is well satur- He had registered me for a week with teachers (entirely Japanese of
,; earth from phosphoric acid in what ated. There are seven manufactoriesin the police at the nearest village when course) wore red and white racing
; ever form it is applied are similar to Catania alone, and they produce one evening at 6 a policeman called caps and each winner received a fine
l; or identical with the original phosphate from 700,000 to 800,000 Ibs. annually, and told him he had to go to a town trumpet. At starting each received a
"rock" from which it was de and others in various cities of the 5 miles off, and register one there, as different colored cap and as they hadto
rived. island. Very little of the root is ex- the former were not competentto dodge under low ropes stretched at
i; One important practical inference ported either from Sicily or Italy, do it. He went to see them and short intervals across the track, several
1 from the above tabulated results may only the rolls or sticks made from the try to avoid it but it had to be done came in hatless. A teacher played
,; be noted. Quick, or caustic lime, I inspissated juice. Asia Minor exports I and that night too, so he started off appropriate (?) tunes on a cabinet
should never be applied to the soil at I largely to the United States. So long in a gin-rick.shaw and did not return organ. I could not wait to see what
the same time with phosphatic ma- ago as 1885 steam presses were in use : till midnight and not having even got games the girls played when their turn
' nures. A sufficient time should al there, and from Alexandreth, in : through it. The next day he went came. Japan is indeed "childrens
i ways be given for the lime to be neu- Smyrna, 6,000 tons were exportedat again and it took half that day !\m mBy paradise." The number of toys of all
tralized by atmospheric and soil acids.In a value of about $x92ooo. the terms of one's passport one IS npt kinds, from half a cent up.to five, is
a caustic state lime renders the .-. allowed to shoot, trade, to con- wonderful and new, and often really
phosphoric acid absolutely insolublein Letter from Japan. clude mercantile contracts with novel ones are to be had on the
water. In the form of carbonate, Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower Japanese, nor to rent houses or rooms streets every day. For $3 a year a
except as it promotes nitrification, and I enclose a copy of a letter I send for a longer period than the journey child can have an amusing toy every
to this extent favors the solubility of also to the Redlands Citrograph, and requires. I believe this is almost a day in the year.I .
phosphoric acid, its action upon the dead letter, but when I first com cannot close without saying some-
water soluble phosphates is simply to hope you do not object to Scipio menced to travel much, I had the thing about the camelias which have
promote "reversion," a result which Craig having it as well as your good bills made out in the name",;of my but just past their glory (April 20th).
will come sooner or later in any event, selves.I Japanese servant. I bought a' quan- In the country the trees grow wild
' and which is preventable by no known wish to ask you if persimmon trees tity of stuff in Nagoya and ordered it and attain a height of thirty feet and
means. NORMAN ROBINSON, are growing in Florida large enoughto sent to Kobe (having paid for it). I over. Though the flowers are single,
State Chemist. cut into lumber one foot square by I was delayed, and on applying for it the effect of a mass of scarlet flowersis
.. six feet high and if the grain is black I at Kobe found the "boy" had obtained something enchanting. The leaves,
Liquorice (Qlycyrrhiza Qlabra). and white or all black ; if so, could it all. He denied it, but I saw his too, being a rich glossy deep green,
The quality of liquorice in different you refer me to parties who wouldcut I I receipt for it. The system of police are lovely.
countries varies greatly. It is said it. surveillance is carried out to a won- The cultivated trees are not often
that the juice from Turkey and Greeceis The Citrus trifoliata trees which : derful extent. When a robbery of over ten feet, but literally a mass of
bitter, of Sicily and Spain sweet had dropped all their leaves in the importance is reported the police blossom, and some flowers are as
and rich, but that of Italy the richest winter began to start a week ago (ten draw a cordon round the suspected large as the largest California roses.
though less is exported thence. days later than usual) and the hedgesare neighborhood and search every house. .
Liquorice in these countries is a vigorous now looking fresh and green. The police seem ubiquitous. Theyare They ought to be grown on the
and abundant wild plant, al- This is a deciduous tree in Japan, except usually young and small sized Pacific slope more. They cannot
I the intense heat of the
most too much so in many places. In I in occasional warm sheltered men and their pay is likewise small, valleysbut
should succeed the
Spain it grows finest in the rich bot- places, where last year's leaves may but they seem to insure (at least out on coast.I
tom lands of the great rivers, and the yet be seen.I ward) respect from all. I never saw close abruptly. If any part of this
crop depends much on the mildness wish I could write you letters that the least familiarity between them and letter is worth room in the FARMERAND
\ or severity of the winters. It is of would be interesting to your readers, the people, as is so common in California FRUIT GROWER I shall be pleased.
such vigorous growth that other but I am a new hand at writing for and they uphold the majesty There is so much to write about thatit
weeds cannot encroach on it and publication, though an old hand in the ot the law and the dignity it conveys.On is difficult to know where to begin.H. .
crowd it out, and no parasite or insect Easthaving first come to China in 1861 the way to some nurseries the E. AMOORE.
pest is known to infest it. It is and to Japan in 1864, and have been, other day I was without my passport, Yokohama,Japan. .
so tenacious of life that if only a small a few short intervals only excepted, which I had left for a new one (ex
portion of the root is left in the ground constantly in either of the two coun tending to another three months) and The Plant system is taking every
after the collecting season it shootsup tries. I have to "put up" at Japanese was overtaken by a captain of police, precaution against the introduction of
again. There are two kinds of hotels and be satisfied with Japanesefood who asked to see my passport. I said disease by their ships plying between
liquorice, one sending down a tap except about once in eleven "certainly" and prepared to open my Port Tampa and Havana.-Plant City
root from 3 to 6 feet deep, and the dayfc.1 go to Yokahoma or the nearest satchel and show it to him. He was Courier.CONSUMPTIONI.
' other runs underground from 6 inches port to receive and dispatch my mails. satisfied and said "all right, never
r to 2 or 3 feet deep. The latter is the My purpose is to obtain new plants mind, as long as you have it," and
most highly prized, from the facility and trees, etc., for shipment to the I passed me by. Within a short distance -
with which it is dug up. Only the United States, and I am liable to be I was again stopped by an or I bite a pootire remedy for the above diMuw;by It*
roots are used, the tops being burnedfor off at a moment's notice to find out I dinary policeman, with the same nM thousand of CIM of the wont kind and of lees
BtAndmx hare been cured. Indeed
fuel. It varies in quantity and full particulars of anything new I hear request. I told him it was not neces. in its efSeaey.tint will send TWO aorta oitronfU no.a my.fftiifc 9nk
quality according to soft in different of. Doubtless, you think that the sary to show it to him after having VALUABLE TREATISE on this diMM to lay nL
ferer who will tend me their Exprau and P.O.tflflnm.
provinces, changes its color to red, whole of Japan is opened up and that presented it to his superior. He, too, T. JL. Sloenm, JO. C.. 13 1'...! Bt* K.T.MAY .




: ORGAN Of THE>> STATE FARMERS fllililflflCE flflD I IflDUSTlpIiVoLVI. UIof1. .

: "Agriculture' is the Basis of Wealth." No. 21.
r -

The Perrine Grant Again. mer puts up all buildings necessary to South, and suggesting the activities in for prompt adaptation of current effort -
Editor Alliance Department: meet his wants, when he purchasesall agricultural and manufacturing lines to changing conditions.J. .
A few weeks ago you published an the tools needed, when he drainsall which are destined to fructify and R. DODGE,
article on the Perrine Grant_ by Mrs. his wet land, and when he puts enrich that interesting portion of the U. S. Statistician.
Walker, containing so many mislead- upon his farm all needed manures he country. I
ing statements, that I, John Addison, is the more prosperous. I could go An objection may be made to these Farmers Not the Only Sufferers.
the oldest settler in this place, want to further into detail, but will only say, rates of wages, for the South, that Editor Alliance Department:
tell you the plain truth about it. that the matter complained of is the contracts for service are generally on The papers of our country assert
I came here in 1865 and found no essential of our prosperity. When a the share system, and not payable in that labor is better paid and cared for
improvements of any kind. I lived State or county can have good court money. This is true of a large pro- in this Nation than in any other part
here two years and then found out houses, jails, good roads, good portion of the labor employed, yet of the world. The whole tenor of the
that I was on the Perrine Grant. I schools, good bridges over swamps these rates are current everywhere and daily papers is that there is no distress -
was going to leave, when Mr. Chas. and streams, and reasonably well paid to a certain proportion of the and oppression of the laboring
Howe, of Key West, agent for the paid official., is when a State is more laborers, and they vary locally with classes in this country.To .
Perrine heirs, said "No, don't you prosperous. So then do not clamorfor the pressure of demand; while reason show the true condition of the
leave It for if on it it will be is is advance industrial classes of the North in many
) you stay something that a boomerang ably steady, the tendency to
an opening for other settlers. I don't but let us feel that we have a good being slightly higher at the cases, I quote from an address by
think we'll ever be able to get the State, and let us pay"taxes so that the beginning of the present year than in Prof. Ott, of Drake University, as
grant, but if you stay on it, I'll guar- many tourists that come here every 1890, notwithstanding the low priceof published by the Iowa Tribune :
antee you 160 acres, and if the gov- winter can see the results of our cotton. Yet, in cotton picking, "Text : Exodus iii, r : 'I have surelyseen
ernment gets the grant back, you'll labors. the transient harvest service of that the affliction of my people,
get your land anyhow." So I stayed LEVI RISINGER. region, there has been a reduction.Our which are in Egypt, and have heard
and have lived here in starvation Sorrento, Fla.Labor. Arkansas State agent reports that their cry by reason of taskmasters, forI
'. .
twenty-six years and ought to know > in his State the prevailing rates of 65 know their sorrows.' The cry that
the history of the place. and its Reward. to 80 cents per 100 pounds of seed comes from Israel sounds like this :
Mrs. Walker has spoken of her Im- There exists, whether men admit it cotton were reduced last autumn to We toil without recompense; work,
Now I have been over it almost universal work, work bricks without straw we
provements. or deny an feeling from 50 to 60 cents.A .
foot of in the and are compelled to make; we work for
every grant that events are tending towards some separation of the labor of white
as low as one dollar week
found even
nothing there not a per
was even
; and colored be made with close
catastrophe. This is the cannot
anxiety none here in Des Moines in the
a factory
palmetto shanty on it until I put up ;
one myself. less but rather the more real and depressing precision from these returns, yet it heart of our city pays only two dollars

There is a great deal of sympathy because of its vagueness. the will be nearly approximate of whites to say that and fifty cents a week to girls who clothe
average wages are now
about Dr. Perrine having been killed This anxiety in the minds of thinkingmen about $23.75 per month, or $16 with and board themselves with it. A
large factory on the east side
by the Indians; but many other good is the effect of a cause, and that board; and that the wages of colored pays
from two dollars and fifty cents to five
men been killed by them, too. :
cause is the ominous unrest of the laborers average $14.25, or $9.75 with
He would have been clear of them board. dollars per week. This is the winter
anyhow if he had not gone back to people of all nations. This unrest of season ; the cry comes loud : Does
talk Spanish to them. His son came the people is not a thing self begotten, FARMERS AND FARM WAGES. God hear ? If so, there is no Mosesto
out here fourteen years ago and want- it is the legitimate offspring of? a chainof While farmers have suffered from make it known. The officials say
, ed to settle the grant when the delay causes and effects. low prices of certain products, they all 's well, the people believe it and
allowed by Congress had elapsed long However obscure may be the con have been unable to reduce the rates pulpits go on discussing to ;aristocratic
ago. But after awhile he left the nection between some of the links in of wages. It might be supposed that ears the reforms of the past, and the
place in disgust and none of them this chain, the final link in which they the depression in agriculture, of whichso dead issues, the fulfillment of prophecy -
have been here since. Yet they wantto all connect is one about which thereis much has been said and written, and a list of things that make a
get a whole township. If anybody no obscurity. It is the immediatecause would be attended with a decline in man of sense sick.
is entitled to a foot of land here, I of the ominous unrest which is the rate of compensation paid for "Last Sunday night a few thousand
think it is me, for they have never apparent to all; it is the unproductiveness labor. This has not taken place. The people were,gathered in the churchesof
complied with the conditions of the of labor. Statesmen must dem- demand is well sustained. Wages Chicago to worship God, while 40-
grant. onstrate that they are able to remedy have not declined. Many a farmer 000 of the Queen City of the West
Now, I have given you the plain this unproductiveness of labor, complains that labor costs too much, ', went to bed hungry. The Pharaohswho
facts-let Mrs. Walker dispute themif or they must admit that the malady of that values of products do not war- oppressed in times past were
she can. JOHN A. ADDISON.Cutler society is beyond their control. rant the rates demanded, and yet he overwhelmed in the sea. I tell you
Dade County. This non-productiveness of labor must have it and promptly makes the to-night that just as sure as God's sun
1 9 relates only to the reward of the engagement. It is the compulsion of shall blaze in the heavens to-morrow,
Do We Want Lower Taxes 9 laborer which is from him kept back competition, an indication of general so sure it is that a great wave of public
Editor Alliance Department : by fraud. With regard to those com- employment and a fair degree of pros- sentiment, rising and roaring like
In the Alliance Department of modities and values which are the perity. the French revolution, will destroy
, your paper, I find the following, taken fruit of productive industry, there ex- The returns give a true explanationof I the oppressors of God's people. Inanother
'. from the Green Cove Spring : '" Flor- ists under the blessing of God, an the apparent anomaly of low prices decade, the man \vhorefuses
ida Democrats owe it to themselvesand enormous profusion. It is a cry, and high wages. There is a differencein justice to his help shall be smitten
the prosperity of the State to reduce "water, water everywhere and ne'era employers. Some are progressive, with curses. Public sentiment will
taxation. drop to drink !I': It is a cry, "bread, increase the fertility of their lands, kill him.
This has been put, substantially, bread everywhere!" a very deluge of use the best methods and implements, "There are men who pay as low as
into almost every Democratic platformof bread from the hand of God, but for employ labor, pay good wages and eighty cents a week for child labor.
the county for years. I hope peo- hungry millions who have reaped make money. Others are less enter- There are 1,500,000 people in that
pie will nut deceive themselves longer, down this vast harvest not a crumb to prising, diligent, or progressive, and I city who live in the hateful tenement
as when the Democratic party gets eat.-National Economist.It make small net profit or nol at all. houses. Thank God, there are some
into power we do not get this loudly As margins of profit grow narrow, who strike the right key, who stand
called for reform. Are we certainwe is a noteworthy fact that while I skill is at a premium, wastes are ruin under a cross whose white arms are
are on the right track when we the value of cotton has declined nearly ous, the- skillful succeed, the care stretched out to shelter the .whole
- call for lower taxes? I notice when 80 per cent in twenty-six years, the less go to the wall. The returns are world."
the farmer, mechanic or business man, wages of labor in the cotton regionhas full of indications that the present is a In 1840 Mr.\ Dickens, of England,
use all the money that is needed to declined only n per cent., show- crucial test of the individual farmer. when visiting in Boston, wiote that
: .carry forward their respective indus-I ing that cotton is no longer a domi- They teach the necessity of progressin there was'\iot a man that did not have
4* tries they succeed best. When nating influence in the laborof.. the agriculture, and especially facility meat for dinner and a bright, blazingf.

1 H I



1 fire, and a beggar in the street would ascribed to the effects of drought. They Vegetables. and citrus fruits need rain
that their respective sections have badly.
cause as much excitement as a flaming agree RichfloridaLands
1 sword in the air. before been visited by droughts but that i Tarpon Springs-Everything suffering
at no time has there been such a shed- from drought.
As further evidence of the justice of ding of the fruits above named. As yet Tampa Weather favorable for farm-

the complaint of laborers, The New only the foliage and fruit of these trees ing. Truck in good condition.E. .

York World of May 20, 1891, in have been affected; the trees remaining R. DEMAIN, Director.

speaking of the Cincinnati Confer- uninjured. In the western and northern Jacksonville, Fla.,May at, 1892.
portions many farmers have not planted ,.
ence, said that party leaders who look cotton an account of the dryness of the The resources of our country are '

'F upon it with indifference or treat it soil. The heaviest rainfall for the week almost countless. Among them are
its was .62 at Ocala the 19th. Out of
with ridicule, fail to see significance on a
of the fertile
total of 27 stations 13 rainfall tilling exceedingly
and its It is only report ;
warning. a deep-
of these latter, eight report less than one- soil by planting pineapples, all kindsof
the farmers
,I seated grievance felt by
fourth of an inch. tropical fruits, egg plants and
and wage earners of the country. In Following is a summary of rainfall for I. tomatoes are among the most productive

consequence of the shameful disregardof the week: Ocala .62; Jupiter .48; Oxford and there being no frost in
their interests, farmers and.wage .20; Orange City .54; Tampa .31; Tarpon
for themselvesthat Springs .24; Chipley, light rain on 18th; the pine lands they grow and produce
earners begin see Homeland .02; Myers .15; St. Petersburg from year to year, thus obviating the

they get but empty promises, and .30; Archer .08; Pensacola .12; Manatee risk of getting good plants each year.

that the substantial advantages go tot .18; Titusville reports by wire this morn- And also there is no trouble in pullingup
capitalists and manufacturers. It is ing that 1.26 fell last night and Jupiter
.12. the plants placing them by the
not my purpose to array before your reports fire as is said to be done in some Farmers I Stop and Think.
readers who did or did not enact the TEMPERATURE.
laws that have brought on the oppres- The temperature for the week was in places where they are anxious to pro- WHY Spend the best years of your

sion of the masses. It is a well known excess of the normal, especially in the duce early crops. Egg plants will life cultivating the soils of the frozen
live and four
western and northwestern portions produce years. One
fact that the Eastern leaders is irregardless North and West raising crops on which
where the departure averaged nearly single plant has supplied the hotel
of party, are a unit on finance. two degrees. with fruit for four years, and it is the freight is often not realized,when you

The question with the masses is the SUNSHINE. with of fruit i can buy land from the undersigned, rich
living yet a good supply
and fertile known lands, and
causes and remedies. There was an average amount of sun- on it. as any

t T. J. WILLIAMS. shine except in the western portion, The people of Florida know too where you can raise a crop that the
> O t where an excess of 3 per cent a day was United States Government will pay a
noted. well the amount of money that is lost
WEATHER AND CROPS. BOUNTY of $100 on each acre.
WIND. and the anxiety experienced on account -
On this isn't all. You can sell
Fresh to brisk southeasterly winds of the danger of frosts in the
For the Week ending May 20,1892. have prevailed during the week. more northern parts of the State. We the said crop right there in your home

BAINFALL. market for $250 per acre. You ask for
REMARKS BY CORRESPONDENTS.Avon can say that there positively was no
Reports from correspondents in Marion, Park-Considerable rain has frost in the pine. lands here this the "How" and the "Wherefore."

Polk and Volusia counties indicate a fallen in this vicinity greatly benefitingcrops. winter. Our colony was located Quite right-facts and figures count best.
slight improvement in the crop situationin .
the sections named. Rains in the Amelia-Dry weather continues. Most here on the 15th of June last, and we Plant the Land with Sifgar Cane
northern and northeastern portion of have not been able to produce any
Leon have saved the oat in of the early crops are past redemption. TO OLD Farmers and careful perus
county crop Archer-Everything drying great quantity this spring. One
that section and all other up. of the fact that there is now
greatly helped Bristol-Weather still dry. All vege- farm has sold about fifty carriers of ers papers,
crops. Planters in this section find the established near Kissimmee, Fla., the St
weather favorable for work- tation where soil is not well cultivated, tomatoes which have netted $3.40per

ing present:young dry cotton. In Hillsborough a drying.up.BushnellOrange. carrier-more than one-fourth in Cloud Sugar Refinery, is stale news. We

marked improvement in the crop condi- and shedding a great deal trees of badly fruit.wilted i advance of prices realized in any are talking to all our friends. Sugarcanecan

tions is noted, especially in the case of Bradfordville-Good rain in the northern other part of the State at the same be raised as cheaply as corn, and
truck. No rain has fallen in the north-
Uncle Sam will a bounty of two
and northwestern portion of the time. The tomatoes produced are pay you
east LiO'ht showers have
portion. occurred -
in the southern part of the penin- county. All crops greatly helped. very solid, with no water. You can cents per pound on the manufacturedsugar.

sula but, owing to the small number of Center be.Hill-Condition of crops as badas cut one in slices and eat it as you The St. Cloud plantation in

crop correspondents and poor mail facil- Crawfordville-The can first rain for would a piece of melon, it is so solid. Osceola Co., Fla., averaged 4,500 poundsof

ities in that region, it has been found months fell on the 18th. Gardens are ru- The acreage this fall will be large.- sugar to the acre last year, and will go
somewhat difficult to
statement of the present benefits a comprehensive derived ined. Fruit has suffered greatly. Copious Biscayne Bay letter in Times-Union. 5,000 pounds this year.

therefrom. Light rain on the 18th afforded showers yesterday. METHODS? This isn't the only big

temporary relief to the extreme first Chipley-Light in five weeks. rain Corn yesterday looking much, the In 1876 the water in the St. Johns chance of your life, however. The cultivation -

northwestern portion of the State, while better. river was within an inch or so as lowas of rice lands about Kissimmeeis

eastern refreshing coast.showers That occurred no substantial along ben-the Green Cove Springs.Wind and sun- at present, but there was said to be to become an assured, profitable fact.

efit has been received from the week's shine neutralized effects of last week's more water in the ponds, which are There is no richer or better truck and

rainfall is evident from the unhopefultone rainfall. now about all dry. That Florida is sub- market garden lands in the world than

of the reports at hand. A thun- Homeland-Crops in excellent condi- ject to long spells of drouth, and againof the land on the rich overflow, or bottom
derstorm, attended by moderate rainfall, tion. floods is well established
a very lands about Kissimmee. Write for con
passed over Marion\ county on the morning Jupiter-Slight break in drought on
; of the 19th. Escambia county was 10th and 11th. Moderate showers. This {fact; and outside of the evidence of old formation to A. K. McClure, editor Phil-

also visited by a thunder storm on the drought surpasses all in the history of the settlers it is instructive to note the adelphia Times,who has personal knowl

18th with rain sufficient to give tempo- station. Water tanks in many cases ex- large number of dead pine trees sur- edge. Then in lands for orange groves,
relief to the tree fruit interests. hausted.
rary the lakes
rounding numerous showing
already cultivated bearing
or groves or :
Indirect from various of Kissimmee-No rain and
reports portions no prospectsof
the southern peninsula indicate a general any. plainly that dry spells have lasted long I can satisfy you that your best'interest

rain on the 13th instant, but in the absence Lilton-All kinds of crops suffering. enough for pine trees to grow to matu- lie in seeing me before any one else. .

t of any authentic information as to Myers-Mango\ trees dropping young rity and have eventually been killed BEAUTIFUL HOMES. The health,-

t the amount and area of the fall no intel- fruit considerably. out by high water. A closer examina- fulness and beauty of. Kissimmee hav
ligent summary can be furnished. With Manatee-Vegetable crop about one- tion of the shores of the lakes and
? temperature above the normal and more fourth of average. Orange trees shed- never been questioned. No diptheria,
than an average amount of sunshine the ding some. ponds, now dry, discloses the fact that no consumption, no pneumonia-in fact,

porous soil has not been enabled to retain Ocala-A thunderstorm on the 19th has little pines are growing vigorously to read our medical report. Beautiful cot-
the small amount of moisture received.All raised the hopes of farmers here. Copious take the place of their deceased ances
villas lots suitable for reai-
correspondents agree that nothing rain on the 13th four miles south- tors. It is to be hoped that these may
I ,of station.OxfordRain. dences. Write for terms and particulars.
short of an inch of rainfall can confer west
any lasting benefit. Among the crops on 18th and 19th revived soon be drowned out, or we on the COME SOUTH, And get untold

affected by drought corn seems to have vegetation. Corn has not suffered much higher lands will be entirely dried up. quantities of the grandest climate in the
suffered least. While this crop has begunto a* yet but needs rain at once. Orange A series of heavy rain falls would not
I world free with each of
wilt badly it still retains enough life trees dropping leaves badly. : do the damage of former years, andso acre ground pur-
to promise good results in the event of Orlando-The crop situation' is desperate -I much ditching has been done that chased. Come where you can till the
timely rains. Except some portions of and growing: worse daily. soil twelve months in the year. At least
would find its
the southern part of the peninsula the Orange City-Rained this morning half the surplus water soon write to me for full particulars.
small fruit and vegetable crops have an inch (May 19th). way to the river; as numerous surveys
failed, as was indicated by last week's Pensacola-The rain of the 18th was have proved that our apparently level 3AQuT. CANNON.

bulletin. That well cultivated soil re- of great benefit but more is needed badly.On lands all have a fair elevation and good KISSIMMEE, ,iFLA.
sifts the effect of the drought better than dry lands with poor cultivation crops
drainage to the regular water courses. Agent for the lands of the Disston Companies,
that which is poorly tilled is an interest- are "played out.
-Indian River Advocate. for the Associated Railways' lands, and the
ing fact brought out by correspondentsat St. Petersburg-Rain was general this lands of Kissimmee Land Co.
stations widely separated. A few reports morning ((19th). Heavy in places. Too I .
state that the falling of the young late to save vegetables except tomatoes. Hereford's Acid Phosphate, Phosphate. sugar-cane, rice, trucking
fruit,grazing, timber
fruit of the orange and mango is far in Will help orange trees. A Nerve-Food and Tonic. and home lands. Send for general map showier farming
excess of anything which might be Titusville-Drought still continues. The Most Effective yet dlscoYcrd lands. -vTIA.Y



MARKETS. FOR SALE-Whipporwill pees, per bushel, f.o. FREE FREE FREE !
., J2.oo; Conch peas(limited quantity), per
[Continued from page 409.] pound, post paid, 2oc; Chufa seed, per pound, '
post paid, 3sc; per peck, f. o. b., $I.SO; pearl
Malagas 75 cents a pound.-American millet, per pound, post paid 35c; four pounds,
Cultivator.We $1.25; ten pounds, f.o.b.,$2.00. Send cash with
protest against the words "cheap lGir .,,1r order. EXCELSIOR SEED FARM, Keuka,2-4-tf Fla.

Florida peaches." If they were sold by

the pound(a quart weighs about a pound), j'OR LECONTE,1,2, 3and4YEAROLDKIUFFER WHITNER'SGARDENING
they would bring as much money as theCalifornia TREES WRITE TO B.W. PARTRIDGE,MON- .
cherries, if nol more. TICELLO. FLA. u-26-tf

SALE-one second hand Washington
VEGETABLES in BOSTON MARKET. FOR Press for sale cheap at this office. IN FLORIDA
Write for particularPRINTING
The farmers' wagons begm to appear k

in some number upon South Market Fun

Street in the morning, but their loads

mostly consist of the various greens with I. For> OFFICE FREE TO ALL.
a small amount of asparagus and rhu-

barb. Occasionally few cucumbers or

other crops from the green house can be Two. .'

seen or a few winter vegetables, but notmuch
of either. New beets sell at $1.50 All children enjoy a drink of FO SA: E.

per dozen bunches, and old beets at 40 Hires' Root Beer. ,
and 50 cents a bushel. Carrots are $1.25
and flat turnips are 1.25 to 1.60 per box, So does every other member of the family. Until April 1st, 1892, I will mall to

and the white French turnips are 1.75 A 25 ceat package makes 5 gallons of this delicious
drink. Don't be deceived If a dealer,for the take all subscribers remitting $2.00 for
and 2.00 per barrel, with the yellow at of larger profit, tells you some other kind Is
1.75 and selling slow. Parsnips range Just as good"-'tis false No imitation Is u good renewal
the IIDr.xs' or new subscription,a copy
as genuine
from 1.50 to 1.75 per box and parsley is

3.00. Old onions sell at 3.00 per barrel, I have had placed in hands of "Whitner's Gardening: In Flor
at 2.50 two-bushel sack.
Egyptians per
Bermudas 1.25 and 1.50 per crate, and HLOl\t\ ADlSPATCR 'rGROWQ and offer for sale a ida."

scullions 25 cents a dozen bunches.
RMER'nal fARMIRSAIUANOtJwr1..r.u.wur To all who remit $5.00 I will send
Crates of Southern-grown cabbages,

small but nice looking, sell at 3.00 each, tacwua n.uu wuw-cw this paper and the "World's Colum-
Complete Printing [PCB.
and evidently contain more than a barrel.

Cauliflowers, according to the size, sell at CHAS. W. DaCOSTA, Publisher. bian Exposition Illustrated," for
2.00 and 3.00 per dozen. In string beans

the prices are 2.00 to 2.50 for wax and one year, the subscription price of

1.75 to 2.00 for green per crate, and cratesof TERMS:: OF SUBSCRIPTION: ON EASY TERMS. which Is $4.00 per annum.C. .

green peas: 2.25 to 2.50. Egg plantsare For One Year ...............................82.00For
but few sent from the South 1
scarce, a Six Months......!................ ..... i.oo W. DACOSTA,
bring 2.50 to 3.00 per dozen. Hothouse

tomatoes sell at 20 to 25 cents a pound, '--Subscriptions in all cases cash in advance. CYLINDER PRESS, TWO JOB PRESSES PUBLISHER.

and Southern at 2.00 and 2.50 case. Rates of
per Advertising on Application. AND FULL OUTLAY OP: TYPE.
Cucumbers if well and of good
grown REMITTANCE should be made by Check, The World's Fair.
sell at 6.50 and 7.00 hundred.
shape per Postal Note, Money Order, or Registered Letter,
Summer squash sells at 4.50 to 5.00 per to order ofFLORIDA We have received the last issue of

, barrel. Old potatoes are 1.50 per
barrel, Southern new at 5.00 and 6.00, DISPATCH, FARMER AND the "World's Columbian Exposition

and Bermuda at 8.00. Only a few sweet FRUIT GROWER,

potatoes are at market, and they sold at Jacksonville, Fla."CENTAWORDn Further information on application to Illustrated the only authentic organof

4.00 per barrel.-Am. Cultivator.Mr. the Great Fair. The object of this
Botefuhr informs us that the Chas. W. DaCosta publication is to give a complete authentic -
insure insertion in this column advertise-
shad furnished by the United ,
young ments must be accompanied by the money. historical record of the Colum-
States Fish Commission, some 3,000,. Advertisements must not exceed fifty words.
received and Postage Stamps received in payment. bian Exposition. It contains 32 pagesof
000, were May 5 depos- Count every word including name and address
ited in the Tomoka river May 6 by JACKSONVILLE FLA. official proceedings, and will give

the agent of the commission who had WANTED-200 Tangerine trees budded on!sour'
two to four inches four illustrations Enameled
through I They are the sweetest, photographic printed on -
them in charge.-Halifax Journal. inches from the ground. Same number of sour THE LATEST most complete, tone sustaining -
trees, same size State full particulars. E. II. durable and of all the Exhibits Build-
There has been transferred from the MOTE, Leesburg, Fla. 26-31 Music Boxes made perfect paper, ,

T. & G. R'y to the F. C. & P. at this (warranted In every re- ings, and attractions of the Great Fair.
RIPLEY QUEEN Pineapple Slips, five dollars upect), and any number of
Station, during the past ten days, per Box 642, Orlando, Fla. INVENTION IN tunes can be obtained for As work of Art the
17,091 packages of vegetables. The 5-26-t them. in(Improvements Switzerland Patented and. a containing most

bulk of these from Clermont information it is invaluableto
came AT A BARGAIN- .000 first-class, twoyearoldorange United States.) interesting ,
from which point there probablyeven and lemon buds. Also some very desirable We manufacture especially
for direct trade and all who wish with the
real estate. J. L. DERIEUX, Lakeland, SWISSMUSIC family we to keep up
a greater amount shipped duringthe Fla. 5-26-41 guarantee our instruments far
superior to the Music Boxes! times and learn of the Interna-
same period by the 0. B. road.- made for great
usually the wholesale
MONEY to loan at low rates. Address B. B.,
Tavares Herald. 177,DeLand, Fla. -ic- t trade and sold by general merchandise tional
,dry goods and music
stores.! Manufacturers'special
WANTED-A gentleman or lady solicitor in agency and salesrooms for the It will be published semi monthly
and commission
There is more Catarrh in this section every ; ;
celebrated Gem and Concert
genteel work. Address, immediately, GUY U.
of the country than all other dis HARDY, Mannville. Fla. 5-i9-3t Roller Organs; play any tune; early in the fall, making eighteen
prices, only 16 and$!2.OldMusic .
eases put together, and until the last TILL June isth I shall offer, at 25 per cent.dis- Boxes carefully copies for Price $4
off of present year. ,
few years was supposed to be incur- previous prices,as nicely budded Repaired and Improved.
trees(sweet stock) as ever grew in Florida. H.
able. For a great many years doc- P. WALKER, Manager Lake Region Nursery Co., BOXES H. GATTTSCHI A SONS, postpaid; 25 cents a copy. Subscriptions -
:Jfiri n ufa ctu .
Auburndale, Polk Co., Fla. 5-5-31 rers
tors pronounced it a local disease, and Salesrooms 1030 Chestnut St., taken at this office, where the

prescribed local remedies, and by con- 200 ACRES OF CHEAPLY IRRIGATED Philadelphia,
TRUCKING LAND without expensive can be seen or send cents
paper ,
stantly failing to cure with local treat machinery, or even artesian wells. A black soil,
several feet in depth, level as a floor, free from ""
ment,pronounced incurable. Sciencehas 'THE RIPE FRUIT CARRIER. for sample copy to
timber,which can be flooded by the closing of a
proven catarrh to be a constitutional gate at the mouth of the ditch draining the glade.
For particulars address GEO. W. HASTINGS,In- J. B. CAMPBELL,
disease and therefore requires
terlachen, Fla.ARTESIAN .
constitutional treatment. Hall's Ca Editor and Publisher,
tarrh Cure, manufactured by F. J. for cows or orange and lemon 218 La Salle Street, Chicago, Ills.
trees. A. A. BALDWIN, Georgiana, Fla.
Cheney & Co., Toledo, Ohio, is the r

only constitutional cure on the market.It Tilghman's Condition Powdersare # t 1

,is taken internally in doses from ten guaranteed to cure Salt-sick cattle, and prevent "The World's Columbian Exposition
cholera in chickens. Best medicine for all
drops to a teaspoonful. It acts directly stock. For-sale all over Florida Sample pack Is a perfectly ventilated box In which Peachescan Illustrated"the FLORIDA DISPATCH
upon the blood and mucous surfaces age by mail for 35 cts. W. G. TILGUMAN Palat- be shipped RIPE and will keep better than ,
ka.Fla. 4-I4-IOtWALL In a refrigerator car. Shipped lu these boxes I FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER for
of the offer hundred one
system. They one fruit brings double prices.
than house in
PAPER-Cheaper any
Write for circular to GEORGE FRANKE
dollars for any case it fails to state. Samples,prices and instructions 112 and 114 S. year, mailed to any address, for $5.
free by mail. T. F. ROBINSON, 15 W. Bay street,
Send for circulars and testi-
monials.cure. Address Jacksonville Fla. 3-24-m CD [ | iTriAfQ ilifTbe C. W. DACOSTA,

advantages for small investments, I H ,
F. J. CHENEY & CO., Toledo, O. FLORIDA'S Estate Journal," Arcadia, Fla. V Standard Machine Publisher FLORIDA DIsrATCH, FARMER -
Ji.oo per year: sample,with state map. 10 cents. Dtf.r.at rises and prU... Dl..tra\.4 CaUl.p.tr... FRUIT GROWF.p
.Sold by Druggists, 7jc. 3-s4.um TILE BLYMYJUt IBOJt WOIUH CO*CUtluaU,O. AKD -



"' .

''S..'::" "







Extending Southeast South and Southwest -
from Jacksonville, cover over one ,

thousand miles of tropical l country, and SA"\.V IILL: SITPPLIE

reach all prominent winter and summer We are State We Have
Agents for the
pleasure resorts of Florida: One Horse and Two HORSE HAY RAKES

The East Coast
{ I In stock.
The Great Lake Region, 8 and G feet tread. -

'i 4 The Phosphate: Fields, t -- .- -::. The 6 foot for use is suitable in -Florida [entral & Peninsular

The Pineapple Fields, A. complete JJ/oirer stock and of ORANGE GROVES. RAILROAD I CO.

The Orange GrovesAND Repairs Factory on 1'rlccs.nnd at \Write for Prices.WE I The Florida Trunk birjBTAMPA.


The Fruit and \Vegetable : RANGE Phowa," SH RTYL.INE
A. full Line of Repairs for Same. .

Sections. Acme Orange Grove and Two-Horse Pulverizing Harrows, the Boy In addition to Its long-established-_ connections

Dixie Cast Plows, and a full line of Farm and Agricultural Implementsof with the North by

THREE THROUGH TRAINS all descriptions. Agents for the Planet Jr. Horse and Hand Tools, sold River Junction sonville Live and Oak Fernandlna,Callahan, ,Jack-

at factory prices. Send for catalogues. Has this season re-opened

qIA1STropiT1h1lllk Tie pomasvillc Bad Monticello Rente.

In connection with the S., F. &W. R. IL;the
[Line j Alabama Midland and the L.&N.and the lines
C leading from Chicago, St. Louis, Kansas City
S and the North and West.

These lines are equipped with the latest Through Cars from Cincinnati to
Jacksonville and
unproved modern appliances for the Tampa.
Fast Schedule, 1'ullman Sleepers all Modern -
safety and comfort of passengers.:: Jtallicay Improeen+enta.

Our patrons call them the The Florida central* Penins lar R.R.

FINEST IN FLORIDA. is the greatest artery of travel through the
finest parts of Florida,traversing twenty-four
.. counties-Oadsden..Jefferson, Duval,Alachua
N y. Lake, Leon, Suwannee Nassau. Levy Orange,
Trains Leave Jacksonville via J., Hlllsbonmrh, wakuila. Columbia, Clay,
-_. Marion, folk, Manatee. Madison Baker,Bradford
T. & K. W.: :.::'::=- Sumter (lernando and DeSoto-in their
:< ; .-.z- ,,;=,;f' richest It the Middle
|portion. runs through -
8:30a.m.: dailyexcept. Sunday; 1230 P.m. -1 Florida Uegion of Hill Country where are
daily; 4:20: 1+.m. daily, e=,cvpt) Sunday ; the line oldFarming
' 8:00: p.m daily, except Sunday. .h# Lands and the .New Tobacco!

Arrive 7:30 a.m., 8:00 12:55: p.m.: .......=--_. -=v'- _____ f1: ;;-0. = __ (reached by no other Farms line), some of them con-
7:40 lun.Trains ducted on a large scale. Here are Quincy,
PLANET JR. IIORSE HOE WITH LEVER AND LEVER WHEEL. Tallahassee (the capital), Monticello. Madisonand
Leave Jacksonville via East ----- other towns from whose comfortable
ample dwellings, reposing in a fertile coun-
P Coast Lines : IRRIGATING MACHINERY try Is coming a renewed energy to employ
the resources lavished about them. Stretch-
8:25: a.m. daily, 1:00: p.m. daily, except Ing down through
Sunday; 4:05: p.m. daily. BOTH STEAM, HORSE AND HAND POWER. The Peach Countryof
Baker, Bradford, Alachua and Levy counties -
I Arrive 9:30: a.m.,12:25 p.m., 5:40: p.m. Carry a stock of Steam Pumps, Boilers, through the prosperous
Strawberry Farms
Wrought Pipe, if Lawtey, Starke and Waldo, perhaps iU-
TITUSVILLEFor G Hose Etc. Estimates furnished i perk r in prortt. to the orange grove-it goes
Fittings, through the heart of the State penetrating
" Melbourne\ > daily, except Sunday, .- r for Plants put in complete and guaranteed somu of the finest groves,one having
5: U 21.111. :3:45;: p.m.; Korklwlge, 0:00: a.m., 7OOOO Fttll-brnrlna Orange Trees,
7:00 p.m.. Arrive Mi'llxmrne) 1:00: p.m., satisfactory. Hand Spraying oa sing for nearly a mile between them-
; .nakmg its way southward to the Gulf and to
12 midnight.;. Returning, leave Melbourne Pumps of every description. Send for thc more tropical perilous of the State. In
a 1:20: p.111.,12:;0 a.m.; Rte kletlge 4:50: p.m., all portions of the State it reaches points of
I 8:00 a.m. Arrive Titiihville 8:00: p.m., Catalogue of How and When to Spray. Scenic Interest.

12 noon. Nozzles, Pipe, etc., made to order in our Wakulla Springs In the West the Suwannee -
River as beautiful and romantic as It is
,,1 machine shop. famous, Silver Springs, in the lake region
-:;; and the lakes themselves, with their surroundings -

lowing;.; day, :3:30::; a.m. Returning, leave pleasant homes! of rolling In green land groves Interspersed, sloping downto with
Jupiter) daily, except Sunday: t:30):;: a.m. the clear lake fronts. By means of this
Arrive Rockledge following day,3:30: a.m. road you can most readily reach the
lIu.th'ful Flhlng Grounds.
Steamer. ST. AUGUSTINE Leaves The settler will find on the line of this road
i greater opportunity for a marled selectionif
I ORMOND land than on any other road In the State
rom lightest soils to those underlaid with
8:00 a.m. Tuesdays! Thursdays and Satur- .slay l and marl and of richest hammock-
days for llockKnlge I and way landings. vhetner for regular mixed farming,stock or
Returning, leaves Rockledge SCH: ( a.m. tairv farming, peach or strawberry culture
i : orange; groves and vegetable gardens.The .
:Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays.Connections tourist will oe gratified with Its scenery.
lhe bcalth-. -eler on its ample route can nod
are made at Jupiter with I >mo spot adapted to his wants. On the bard
trains of J. & L.W. Railway for all pointson ".lay roads of Middle Florida the horsemanill
rule with speed and satisfaction and the
Lake Worth. -:!:: -'-=--: -- + -- =_ Florida Central and Peninsular' the
bjtortsman's Jioute.NOTE. .
For pchedules, maps, etc., call on local ==- == :-:- .-Passengers from Northern connec-

agents, or address the General Passenger tions hating tickets over the Florida Central
1 and Peninsular to points In South Florida
Agent.It. have the privilege of being taken 'Into Jacksonville -
AGENTS FOR over the Company's line and alloweda
II. CABLE w. L. CRAWFORD. within the going limits of the
General Manager Supt.East Coast Lines ticket, with return to their route for destination -
J. T.& K. F la. free of extra charge. Send for map. of
W. System. St. Augustine, Letters Answered the Day they are Keceived. Florida mailed free.

G. D. ACKKRLY. A. O.MAcDONELL, o.P. A.Jacksonville......_
General Passenger Agent, THE S. B. HUBBARD COMPANY .
Jacksonville N.8.PENNINQTON Traffic Manager.D. .
B.MAXWELL, General }!&napJ'idY



-- .



Th e Bel1e'Vie 1.\tT-iTl-I"t"'Ig COxn.pan.-y'S Greetin..g.

To the Orange Growers and Market Gardeners of Florida: '

We produce the Leading Phosphate of the world. It is the cheapest. 'It is the best. It is a quick, vigorous fertilizer. It increases the crops.

Analysis by eminent chemists show that it contains over 50 per cent of bone phosphate of lime that is available at once in soil water, the balance, 20 to 30 pe-

cent, becomes gradually available. Experts certify to its having a value as plant food, green as it comes from the mine, of over $23 per ton as compared with com

mercial acidulated fertilizers, and no danger in its use. The analysis of our Soft Phosphate, as given by Serge Malyvan, of Ocala, is as follows:

Insoluble Silicate and Sand....... .....18.76 I Phosphoric Acid...................... .... .. 1770 I I Oxide of Iron ... .. .................. ........ 74 | Magnesia and Soda ......... ..... .... 6.59
Carbonate Ume.................. .. ....... 4.561 I Equivalent to Bone Phosphate Lime..39.00 I Aluminum .. .. ............. ........... 2.07 |I Moisture......... .... ..... .. .............. 6.55

He says your Soft Phosphate, referring to the Belleview Soft Phosphate, will be soluble, by gradual steep, under influence of rain water, provided it is per-
fectly burnt and pulverized in fine powder.

Serge Malyvan says that after analyzing samples of Soft Phosphate from different mines throughout the State, that the only soluble Soft Phosphate is con-

tained in an area of about six miles at and around Belleview. .

The Belleview Soft Phosphate is especially good for peach, pear and orange trees, grape vines and strawberries. and for cotton and corn it has no equal.

The analysis of our Soft Phosphate shows that every element it contains is absolutely essential as plant food, and every intelligent man will see the importanceof

buying plant food at so little cost per ton. "


More About Soft Phosphate.The rowed this in. I did not measure the yield only gives-them their dark green color? Certainly cation have just! commenced to start up. Mr. Me
following in regard to soft phosphate ii in my cart as I gathered it. I got as much corn nothing in the soil,as it is poor pine land. Neitheris Master of the firm of McMaster& Miller, of San
taken from the Gainesville Sun: from the sixteen rows that had soft phosphate on it good cultivation. Chemistry teaches that Mateo, visited my grove a few days since and expressed -
That soft phosphate! is rapidly gaining favor it as I did from the next thirty rows. The corn orange trees require potash phosphoric acid and himself as being very much astonishedat
with the fruit and vegetable growers there is no did not dry: up any for want of rain, as the rest of lime,and the pine lands of Florida require humus.In the growth of the trees where the soft phos
ort of doubt. Those who have given it a test unhesitatingly the crop did. I am well leased and will use it muck and phosphate we have all but the phate had been applied. If you will remembct
speak of it in the most complimentary this year on all my crops.'' .. potash. This added gives us a perfect fertilizer, the first shipment of Phosphate was made less
terms. Mr. George Saxon, writing from and yet there are men who tell us that it will not than sixty days since and until the last few dayswe
Tallahassee, says: do, that the raw materials must be manipulated I have had very little rain.I .
The solt phosphate referred tofu the granulated. Soft Phosphate.Mr. by the chemist, and refined product fed to our am fully convinced that one ton of the Belle-
article, containing the elements of ground bone Sutton, one of our Alliance ex-editors, trees. What nonsense I I don't believe any such view Soft Phosphate has a greater value as a plant
and 50 per cent phosphate of lime (bone phos- writes as follows to the Florida Agriculturist on a laws entered into the Divine plan of Nature.- food than a ton of any Fertilizer that has ever
phate) crude as it comes from the mine. This matter of much interest to our farmers: Phosphate Field. been brought into the State,and I would warmly
soft phosphate was put upon cotton last year "Now Mr. Editor, I am the same crank still, Mr. Sutton has since ordered thirty-five tons to recommend its use to the orange growers in the
alongside of cotton seed as fertilizers, and the result only more no, on the subject of muck, soft phos- put on his groves adjoining Welshton. State. Yours truly,
way fully or more than double, in yield of phate and home-made fertilizers, and, like the D. GREENLEAF.
cotton over the cotton seed, while it gave four I. fellow who killed the rattle snake I have the
times the yield over the same land without any rattles to show. My trees are looking better according JACKSONVILLE, FLA., June u, 18<}I.
fertilizer. Rev. T. W Moore of Leesburg looked to age than adjacent groves upon which C. B. SMITH, President Belleview Phosphate Co., CEDAR KEYS, FLA., Dec. 21, 1891.
at this crop while in full fruitage and he said that I commercial fertilizers have been used. Muck, Jacksonville, Florida: C. B. Smith, President Belleview Mining Company -
At that time that the cotton fertilized by this soft lime, soft phosphate, stable manure and potash DEAR SIR-Enclosed please find my order for :
phosphate had three times more fruit on it than will do me to maRe a grove with and I don't two more cars oi Soft Phosphate. I have used DEAR SIR-Yours of 17th received. It givesme
that fertilized with cotton seed. Thinking this think I will come in behind in the race with the seventy-five tons of this Phosphate, and have pleasure to state that I have used nothing but
estimate may have been a little high I put it as chemical fertilizer men either. i noticed with much interest its effect on my orange. the Belleview Soft Phosphate on my grove the
above but I am free to admit that be is a better "Any one having any doubts as to the solubilityof I trees. The first car load I applied to somethingover past year, and I have been more than satisfied
judge of such matters than I am." soft phosphate would have these doubts removed five hundred trees, and the results have been with the results. The trees are looking as well
J. T. Smith, writing from Levy county,says! : "I by visiting a small grove in Welshton simply marvelous. The adjoining five hundred as they have ever looked-.en when I used expensive
put" soft phosphate on sixteen rows of corn last which has had no other fertilizer in the past two trees received no fertilizing, and the difference fertilizers. Many persons have heard of
spring about a four acre field of corn,on about an years than phosphate. It has not had any cultivation between the two fields is something: wonderful.On my experiment and youi phosphate has ad-
average quality of the land. I broadcasted the this ,and yet it is holding its own one side every tree has started with a vigorous vanced in their estimation.
soft phosphate over the land, after breaking it up with well-worked and fertilized groves If not p I growth. The finest foliage that I have ever seen Very truly yours,
well, at about two tons per acre. Then I har- soluble, what makes these trees grow; what I I in a grove. The trees which received no appli- REV. F. R. HOLWAIV

We offer this Phosphate at prices so low that it is in reach of every orange grower and gardener. Prices K. O. B. cars at Belleview, Florida :

Per ton, U1"1dr.1eCl, ire: : B-a.n: SG.00
Per ton, Dried, :lrL: B"1.11I. 5 3.00
Per ton, Burnt: Ground: end:: Stoked, 88.00

Put up in 200-pound sacks. Orders for less than one ton, 50 cents per ton extra. Terms, cash with order. Send orders, and apply for further particulars,

testimonials, freights, etc., to '

C. B. SMITH, President and General Manager, Jacksonville, Fla.

-- -


In compounding a solution a part was acc'dently' spilled on the hand
and on washing afterward it was discovered that the hair was com
i pletely removed. We at once put this wonderful preparation on the
market and so great has been the demand that we are now Introducing
fieGINGINN1Tland1LYA it throughout the world under the name of Queen's Anti-llftlrine.,

FLORIDA I @4J@ ( ) ( : k Lay the hair over SO and SIMPLE apply the ANY mixture CHILD for a few CAN minutes USE, and IT.the

r hair disappears as if by magic without the slightest pain or Injury when
applied or ever afterward. It unlike any other preparation ever used
@ffJ@ LIMITED.Vestibuled fora like purpose. Thousands of LAI>]F.S who have been annoyed
Y- = with hair on their FA CE. NECK and ARMS attest Its merits.
____ OENTI.KMEN who do not appreciate beard or hair on their neck,
from end to end. Solid train carrying Pullman's Finest Buffet Drawing :;...<: find a Laving boon In Queen' Antl-IIalrine which does away
with hy rendering IU future growth an otter Impossibility
Room Sleeping Cars from ST. AUGUSTINE to CINCINNATI without change. Lighted with gas. Price of Queen's Antl-Halrlne f 1. per bottle, sent In safety mailing boxes postage paid by us(securely
Day Coaches have conveniences of toilet smoking apartment, etc., and are attended by an experienced sealed from observation). Send money or stamps by letter with full address written plainly. Correspondence -
strictly confidential. This advertisement Is honest and straight forward In every word It
porttr. No extra charge. Leaves St. Augustine Daily, 11:05 A. M.; Jacksonville, 1:4.5 P. M.; Calla- contains. We Invite you to deal with M and you will find everything as reprc+ ented. Cut this out and
>aa,133 P. M.;Waycrou, 4:35: P. M.;Jesup 6:10 P. M. Arrives !.laconl1S2 P. M.; Atlanta,2:40: A.M.; send to-day Address QUEEN CHEMICAL CO., 174 Race Street, CINCINNATI O. You can
"register your letter at any Pont' Office to Insure Its safe delivery Wf will pay 85OO for any ..aseof
Chattanooga, 8.00 A. M.;Cincinnati,730 P. M., and Chicago, 7.-00 A. M. failure slightest injury to any purchaser. Every bottle guaranteed. .

S D C fl111-To ladles who introduce and ..!! among their friends S3 Bottle of Queen's AUtl-Hairta,
J "THE OHIO SPEGf AL"-SOiIB TRAIN./ "" w*will present with a SILK DRESS IS yard best silk. Extra Large Bottle and samples
of silk to select from sent with order. Good Salarr or Commission to! .nta.
Pullman and Mann Buffet Sleeping Cars from JACKSONVILLE to CINCINNATI without change.

Leaves Jacksonville Dally, 7:33 P. M.Callaban, 8:10 P.M.;Waycross, 10.30; P. M.; Jesup, 11:55: P.M., DEAFNESS STATE BANK OF FLORIDA

,Arrives at Macon, 5:12 A. M.; Atlanta, 8:25 A. M.; Chattanooga, 2:00 P. M. Leave Chattanooga, 7.-00 ,
P. M., arrives in Cincinnati, 730 A. M., and Chicage 6:30 P.M. ITS CAUSES AND CURE, ;OT J.YCORI-ORATED."

Throagh Sleeping Cars leave Chattanooga for Washington, Philadelphia and New York at 8:35 A. M.; Scientifically treated by an aurist of worldwide I JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA.

t:t.:.t Scenic Shenandoah Valley Route. cured reputation., of from Deafness 20 to 30 years'eradicated standing and, after entirely all 30000.00
Capita -
other treatments have failed. How the difficulty L. _
Rates to all Eastern Points low these lines all rail For berth is reached and the cause removed, fully ex-
are as by as by any routes. reservetion
folders plained in circulars, with affidavits and testi- your old family Bibles; make them at
and all information Florida REPAIR
t apply to any Ticket Agent in ,or to
monials of cures from prominent people, mailed as new. DaCosta Printing and Publishing

F. M. JOLLY, Dist. Pass. Agt., 82 W.' Bay St., Astor Block, JACKSONVILLE, FLA. free.Dr.. A. FONTAINE: 19 East 14th St, N. Y. House,Jacksonville, Fla.

B. W. WRENN. C. N. KIGIIT, : per day, at
$5 .0 ctl5
Gen'l Pass. &Ticket Act, Asst Gen'l Pass. Apt, Dome "Wllf
aad plating Jewtlry,walche
tableware, La. PUteut. '""
bed of Jewelry rood t*
W : Dctr, 'n all kind of metal
t it with gold diver or aickeUKorpriraoB.
EftrJ honw ha rood ne4IntplaHnf. -
Wholesale to
." a -nti$i-Writ.for circa*
i Ian. II.E.DEIJVO dslac.

SPRAY4 A SCHOOLFi = .,(o1smbas.0-

Notice to Shippers and Others Interested.On .

March the tat ult I disposed of my interestin Clark's CutawayIIARROWS
MADE BY tin for the active duties of life.
THE DEMING CO. SALEM 0. Chartered by the Legislature of Virginia, and VEGETABLE
endorsed by the Chamber of Commerce, Coundl, DESPATCH LINE, and am no longer connected I keep in stock seven styles, cuttin width
HENION HUBBELL and prominent citizens of the city where located. with that corporation as an official or stock holder. from two ((2)Send) to six ((6) feet, at prices Iron $ro.oo
Western Agtsti. CHICAGO, ILL.Write For catalogue,circulars: and testimonials,addressJ. toji.oo. for catalogue.
for Catalogue and T&XATISK: ON 8rsayIxo.r G'DUNSMOKQ.( President Staantoa, Vs. I' Chicago, HI. EDWARD S. X.EVY, S. S. KUBBARD, Gen. State Agent.
-14.it Federal P Ut, FU.r .


I _



The magnificent Steamships of this Line are appointed

to sail as follows, calling at Charleston, S. C.,

Both ways :

From New York. From Jacksonville,
(Pier 29, E. R.) STEAMER Florida.

Wednesday, Apr. 27th, at 3 p. M...... "ALGONQUIN," .....Tuesday, May 3d, at 10:30: A. M
Friday, Apr. 29th at 3 P. N: ... "CHEROKEE," .....Thursday, May 5th, at uxx: N'N
Monday, May 2d, at 3 V. M..... "SEMINOLE, .......Sunday, May 8th, at 2:30: p. M
Friday May 6th, at 3 p. M....... "IROQUOIS.". -......Wednesday,May 11th, at 4:00 A. M:
Monday, May 9th, at 3 p. M... .. "ALGONQUIN," .....Sunday, May 15th, at 6:30 A.M
Wednesday, May 11th, at 3 P. M...... "CHEROKEE" ......Tuesday, May 17th. at 8:00: A. M
Friday May 13th.at 3 P. *....... "SRMINOLEI', .......Thursday, May 19th, at 10:30: A. M r
..IondayIay 16th,at 3 P. M........ OQ08Sunda', May 22d. at 1:00: r. M
Friday May moth, at 3 P. x...... "ALGONQUIN," ......Thursday,, May 26th, at 530 A. M
Monday May 23dat P.M...... ."CHEROKEE." ...,..Sunday, Math 70oA.M
Wednesday, May 25th, at 3 p. M.'SEMINOLE.Tuesday, May 31St, at 9x50: A. M
Friday, May 27th, at 3 P. M. ..... "IROQUOIS- ," Thursday, June 2d, at 10:30 A. M


Sanford, Enterprise and intermediate points on St. Johns River. The Elegant Iron Side-
Wheel Steamers "CITY OF JACKSONVILLE Capt. W. A. Shaw; FRED'K DfiBARY" Capt.T. .
W. Lund.Jr., are appointed to sail from Jacksonville, daily, except Saturday, at 3:30 p. m., and
from Sanford daily except Sunday, at 9 a. m. steamer: : John G. Christopher
Leave 330= P. M.-.............. ....Jacksonville..............................Arrive 1145 P. M
8xx3: p. M.... ....,.....,..... ........Palatta.....,........... .............Leave 7:00 p. M FUOlNE'V YORK. FROM JACKSONVILLE.
:: 1.30 A. M.......................... ....Astor.. ................................. :: 2:00: p. M Thursdays, May 19 and June 2. Fridays, May 27 and June II.
2-45 A. M........... ...............St. Francis.: ................................ 12:45: P. xII
5:00: A. M................... ..... ....Beresford........................:....... n-45= A. M. This steamship hag been built especially for carrying Fruit and Vegetables, and is
.. 6xx: A. M...........................Blue Springs.............................. 11:00 A. M perfectly ventilated. Time between Jacksonville and Jet York 7'J hours
Arrive 8xx: A. M.......... ....................Sanford.......... .. .. ..... ...... 9:00: A. M W. H. CHRISTOPHER, W. A. SOMERVILLE, JNO. G. CHRISTOPHER,
.. 9ISA. M.... .......................Enterprise....... ....................... 9:30: A. M
Agent Jacksonville. Agent, New York. Gen'l Man'r,Jacksonville.
General Passenger.and Ticket Office, 88 West Bay St., Jacksonville. Pier 49, East River.

JOHN L. HOWARD, Florida Freight Agent foot Laura Street Jacksonville, Fla.
f F. IRONMONGER, Jr., Florida Passenger Agent, 88 West Bay St., Jacksonville, Fla.
MARSHALL II. CLYDE, Assistant Traffic Manager. S Bowling Green, New York. SAVANNAH LINE.
W. F. OGDEN FAY, Traveling Passenger Agent 88 West Bay Street.
TII12O. G. EOER, Traffic Manager, 5 Bowling Green. New York.J. a
A. LESLIE, Superintendent,foot Laura Street Jacksonville Fla. Time 53 to 55 hours between Savannah t New York and Philadelphia, and

between Boston and Savannah, 65 to 70 hours.
WM. P. CLYDE & CO. Gen'l Agents

12 South Delaware Avenue, Philadelphia. 5 Bowling Green, New York.


F' L Ut impr ,rd *.'VBcMpcaU our|'enecu.. *-d Between Jacksonville and New York: First-class, 525.69; Intermediate, $19.00 Excursion, (41.311
I :mpire Pnrap*.tir the luuwl autnraaucally will pray 10O Ti**.l'erll.ur. Steerage,$12.50.
we mate the Mule Gem aol Oarfield KaapaavcL Sprayer aad Ute VermorcL.On*
.pray.o..le,moat eooBooiical pray ooit 1 in the world*at Alia wholesale a Mora prioaa.Power CatalocM Sprayer at rre.Wril.lew yrke. Jacksonville and Boston : Cabin, $27.00; Intermediate, $21.00 j; Excursion, $47.30; Steerage,'$(4.*C
.ddnuplatulygvlose.uoty.FIELDYO&CEPUMPCU .. LOCYPGTN.Y, The magnificent Steamships of this Company are appointed to sail as follows:


[.Central or 00, Meridian Time.l
ESTABLISHED 187 ; City of Birmingham ..................... ... ........... .........Wednesday June 1st, 10.00 a.m
City of Augusta... .............................................,........Friday, June 3d, 12.30 p.m
Tallahassee......................................................... ..Saturday,June 4th, 1.30 p.m
WILLIAM A. BOURS & CO. Kansas City. .........................................................Monday June 6th, 3.00 p.m
Chattahoochee ................................................... Wednesday,June 8th, 3.308.01
C Nacoochee..............................................................Frtlay, Tune loth, s.ooa.m
WHOLESALE City of Birmingham.............................. .................Suturday June nth, .5.30 p...
City of Augusta................,..,.....,......,..,??.,.., ........Monday,June i3th 7.oop.m
Grain Tallahassee....... ........................T.T.:.................. ,Wednesday June ijth, S.joa.m
Garden Seeds and Fertilizers Kansas City..........,............................................. Friday June 17th. KVJda.m
Chattahoochee............................:.............................Saturday.June iSth, izoom
Nacoochee. ........................ ...................................Monday,June aoth 2.00 p.m
20 WEST BAY STREET JACKSONVILLE: FLA. City of Birmingham: ........... ...................,............ .. 22d, 3.00 a.m
City Augusta..... ............. ........... ...................'VednesdaY'June 24th, .5.00&.11I
Tallahassee.........................................................Saturday,June 25th 5.30 p.m
I HANDLE ONLY :THE BEST AND MOST RELIABLE SEEDS. A COMPLETE STOCKa Kansas City...........,.............................................Monday, June 27th, 7.00 p.m
Chattahoochee........................,.........................Wednesday,June :agth, 9.ooa.m

Hay, Corn, Oats, Flour, Bran, Wheat, Grits, Meal FROM SAVANNAH TO BOSTON.

City of Macon ............................................ ......Thursday,June 2d% 11.30 a.m;
COTTON SEED MEAL Both and Dark. Gate City.......................... .................................. Thursday,June olh. 4.30 p.m
Bright City of Macon.................................._.........,........ Thursday,June i6th 9.30a.m
Gate City.............................................................. Thursday! June 2jd 4.30 p.m
STATE AGENT FOR City of Macon..... ... ...... ..... ... ...... ........ ............Thursday, June 33th: io.ooa.m

Star Brand Fertilizers NITRATE SODA, ( Ship does NOT Carry Passengers.)

Dessoug..................................................... ........Wednesday,June ist, 10.09a.m
GUARANTEED ANALYSIS MURIATE OF POTASH })e8soug....................................................".....,....Saturday,June 11th, 5.30p.m
y Comprising Uessoug:............................................... ....... ...... Tuesday,June stat, 3.00 p.ra

Orange Tree and Vegetable : THESE PALACE STEAMERS, *. '. $ .

Connecting with the Savannah, Florida and Western Railway (Waycross Short Line), o1f'er.to the
.These Fertilizer haveno superior in the market and a trial will convince. Traveling Public and Shippers advantages equalled by no other line.
Through Ticket and Bills of Lading issued. to principal__ points North, East and Northwest via
: .1'.1
Savannah. For luiuiuiauuu and rooms '
B. R. PRICE Soliciting Agent, W. H. LUCAS;. Fla. Pass.Agent
GREAt .OFFERPianos UPRIGHT PIANOS. 77 West Bay Street Jacksonville. 77 West By Street.Jacksonville*
RoLe WAl.KHR.Agent. C. G.ANDERSON Agent -
and FINEST FACTORYIN New Pier No.35. North River, New York. City Exchange Building, Savannah, Ca
RICHARDSON & BARNARD. Agents Lewis' Wharf, Boston.W. .
Organs, UNITED L. JAMES. Agent. 13 *. Third Street, Philadelphia.J. .
$35. Always ready for QUICK SHIPMENTS of Finest D. HASHAGEN Eastern Agent, Sav., Fla. & Western Ry. Co. 261
On Walta Pianos and Organs Direct to Your Homes. A. DeW. SAM: PSON. General Agent W. E. ARNOLD.Gen. Tray. Pass. AgU,Jacksonville,Fl*.
your horn 306 Washington st.. B-.4on. W. 11. RHETT. General Agent
I before From REV.JAS. M. POTTS D.D. editor of Mich- For Tickets apply to S., F. & W.Railway office. 317 Broadway, New York.I .
parin for. igan Christian Advocate.Detroit.Mich.: "To say that
them..A4drea we are delighted with the Piano does not express I
the fact. We are jubilant. If all instruments you need stationery of any kind-paper %t
The T.Swocer>> & Son Piano & Organs are as fine in appearance and as pleasing your in tone as pens and ink? If so, send to DtCosta Pnat- ALESICkI1i _
BEAVER FALLS. PA this one,your patrons will rise by the hundred." lag and Publishing House,Jacksonville PlaWEI

From PROF.,E. H. PECK Valhennoso Springs, Ala.: "We could not be pleased better with
i, *casing or tone;quick in response and melodious. In short we are highly pleased with the organ." LOOmNG CHllDPlr
all yoJclaFm D.toeG'GS'Adairsvme' Ga. "I am weU Pleased with the organ in every respect. It is UPPLIESAKIId"Wllter.QuOI -
it I .....
1 From Y. M. C.A., per J. G. COOLEY Hillsboro N. C.: 'The organ gives entire satisfaction. B I I IfIWiKASteu,Jfac*',.f Cfcfcp.<#a-*h. bJ t to SPASMS are mat likely trotted-with
.: Jtftry!. one who has seen it IS very much pleased with the instrument and the price on the same." TheAmericanWellWorlw.Aurort.MLXXI3S.CANAI.ST..CHICAGO.ILL. 10 R M S.B The. beet J"f'medr for this..tbe al.bratsl

m How BEN. F. STEELS Prescot, Ark.: "My family well pleased Ja every respect with the I ...., BeeuNye& 1D A.1IIIe FAHNESTOCK'S&Dd n eyer f.U.l .VERMIFUGE Obiirr.prS ,.
: aTaa you sell them so cheap is a wonderFro /' BLM STREET DALLAS,TEXAS. f, H- laxly. tlut tae InltUli&h B. .&baa..YoWDcMot '-"TryI
I .

! H -: .


(FE1iTILlZEllS. -*- FEllTILIZEllS.B1ooc1. .


and JBorxe,' Chicago Bono Meal,

Pure ItMn.o Ground Bone, Dark: and Bright: Cotton Seed Meal,

Ar,3mal Bone and I'otash, Tobacco Stems: : ,

..:: Blood, Bone and Potash: Canada Hard.Vood Ashes,

< .:". t :I'ulveri.zed: Animal Bone, Sulphate .of potash: &0.'.




GEO. E. WILSON, 50 West Bay Street, Jacksonville, Fla;:

President. VicePresident.H. .
T. BAYA THOS. W. CONRAD By Buying the FERTILIZERS that are Manufactured by the OLD ESTABLISHED
Cashier. Assistant Cashier. '
CAPITAIi $100,000. I:,: and RELIABLE FIRM TheY :


Respectfully solicits your Deposits, Collections and General *:

.Banking Business. > ;1.1 These FERTILIZERS are made especially for the )

-- -t-

::3 Office and Warehouse at Jacksonville, Florida. +
-. .
D1CRhrC'roI .
John Marvin/ As B. Campbell, Chas. Marvin; O. B. WEEKS, State Agent,
Jas. P. Tallaferro T.W. Roby, Judge R. B.Archibald
W. B. Clarkson,' C. B. Rogers, W. M. Davidson No. 8 Bostwick Block.
Dr.H.: Robinson. John E. Hartrldge. fi .
.. TO ALL BUYERS 1 1OF Catalogue describing our Fertilizers, with prices and testimonials, sent free

a upon application.

GIVE XJS A. 'rr- IA.Z..

TTKREAFTER all fowls senf}
'' 11 from my yards by express!
will go at one-half the formet
r rates-a great saving to my cus
tomers. This is by special art; BowkefisOrange
rangem ent, and is confined to.
fowls from my yards.
We are the largest breeders of
thoroughbred poultry in Florida.
Come and see our stock or send
for our illustrated catalogue and Grower.
-- 4'd.. price list of 14 varieties.
Poultry supplies of all kinds.
Incubators and Brooders, Shell
s3. + and Bone Mills, Clover Cutters,
Wire ,Desiccated Fish and
Boiled Netting Blood and Bone to make FIRM FRUIT that holds on until it is
h lay. ; a strong, healthy, vigorous growth of

EGGS TO HATCH. both tree and fruit are the results reported by large
&_ E. W. AMSDEN,
'__ Ormond: Fla and experienced planters in Florida who are using

this popular Fertilizer. It supplies to the tree at the

NURSERIES OF THE proper time, in the proper form," and in the proper

Milwaukee Florida. Draqge. Go. maturity.proportions,all the elements to bring perfect, healthy

Selected strains of Choicest Varieties of Citrus Fruit Trees a Specialty.
Budding-Wood for sale at all times. BOWKER'S VEGETABLE GROWER and Bowi ER's TOBACCO
Our stock is large and complete. PROMPT ATTENTION TO CORRESPONDENCE.
GROWER are also special complete Fertilizers,
For Catalogue and Price-List,address
carefully and scientifically compounded for the purposes '
A. I DUNCAN Manager Dunedin Fla.
mentioned! and are extensively used in Florida. Bow-


I FOR SALE combination for those requiring these ingredients.

KlalE Chemicals at market rates.

or would exchange for bearing grove and pay
cash difference. Forty acres of rich Pine Hammock Send for Illustrated Catalogue, Free.
PIANOS. land.' Thirty acres cleared, together with
plank causeway, K mile long, with dock and FERTILIZER } A. M. BONO CEN'L AGENT,
UNEQUALLED INTone ferry I mile from Grahamrille, on OckUwaha COMPANY. I JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA.
:River;4 miles from Silver Springs. Address
r ,Touch,WorkmanshipDurability .I

Baltimore",22 and 24 Eut Baltimore. Street. 4 A. TREADVVELL.CdID. -.
Kew York, 143 Fifth ATO.
'' Mhtngton, ut Market Ip&Oe .. Coon.A .
'. .'

... _' ..

::1t.- ..