Florida farmer & fruit grower
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055765/00233
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: S. Powers
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: May 19, 1892
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note: Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038466
oclc - 01387403
notis - AKM6256
lccn - sn 95026761
System ID: UF00055765:00233
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen

Full Text
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Proprietors. MAY 19, 1892. Vol> iy :y __u___ ____ ____ > .




57 CHATHAM ST., BOSTON. Imported direct from the Azores now ready for delivery. :Jcu
Price Catalogues of weekly sales furnished 1IAYNES: YOUNG: & BAILEY, Superintendents, c.g ..
on application. P. O. Box 492. ORLANDO, FLA. ...

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FLORIDA BARNETT, FRUIT BROS.AGENTS,EXCHANGE.' s' Improved( Large e Purple En E PlantNow o o m-c-

Offered for the First Time Is Absolutely Pure. o _
Wholesale Commission, Fruits and Veg6t& les. '"
Stencils Seed of high vitality; plants strong, vigorous and thornless; fruit large; dark -.AJ-
return on
Prompt 159 South W application.ater Btreftt fThUvu rich purple color; entirely free from light streaks ; weighs 5 to 6 pounds each.A And Building Meterial.

SUCCESSORS TO Packet, 10 cents; \ oz., 25 cents; oz., 50 cents ; } lb., $1.75; lb., $6.00. w ,.

166 Iteade Street, Xete York. H. G. HASTINGS &, CO. BENTON & UPSON;
IN'TERLACHEN r;'I..,0i 1 1> A i..
Oranges Lemons Pineapples, and all other
Fruits and early truck also dried fruits,nuts, ACISONVII1I1E, FI1A.,

furs etc. WE MAKE THEM '::a
All consignments promptly remitted for. Stencils -
and market reports furnished free.
References: Bradstreets,and established mer- IRRIGATING
chants and banks of the South._ WHAT ARE THEY

LILLY & WHOLESALE CO., The Virginia Ventilated Fruit Carriers


: 41-G Baskets, three-quarter nm :No. 34-IG-quart gift crate.
GENERAL :No. 42-4 *' one-half Bushel.No. .ihf"I'1 :No. 30-32- ': T-:. o? btiril
0 _
COMMISSION I MERCHANTS. 6-2" :No. 30-32- standard crate. ; ; : "

Send for catologues, prices and samples. Steam andJJ.pl rse .Power.
218 King Street Chattanooga,Tenn.
._.'bllpmenh Kollcifted. SOUTH SIDE MFG. CO., Petersburg, Va. ._
is9 .oOSPipe $3hcl

AMERICAN- EXOTIC THE NURSERIES. a .,;.; Q Southernmost Establishment in U. S. ,' Pipe : ,Fitting;/s'B&88Valve

Xetc, Hare and Elegant J'lants of Every V ESTABLISHED 1883. Hose, Etc.
Description; 0 w
l; S Rare new fruits; Shrubbery;Ornamental plants-Palms,Orchids,Ferns, -' -
. Palms, Orchids, Cadi and Bamboos.:I t 1 Bamboos, Cactus, Conifers,Aquatics. Stock safely shipped over the whole WRITE FOR ESTIMATES:

. Shade and ornameatal trees and shrubs for Southern Y 1world.. Fine illustrated catalogue of 100 pages sent on receipt of ice. Clean,

lawns the and greenhouse gardens. or Choice conservatory.exotic plantsfor 00 healthy stock. Low prices.! PEARS FOR PROFIT IN THE SOUTH.

all the:leading varieties,budded from bearing
trees on our own grounds and guaranteed JENNINGS NURSERY CO.,
true: to name. THOMASVILLE, GA.
1 Fruits.All the Our:New 88 page and Illustrated Desirable and DescriptiveCatalogue Tropical JOHN CLARK, SON & CO.,

lit. for 1892 tells all about these things and Six: vtrtrtTtf days (rl.i irdattbeAgrlcu'tl thin

is sent free to R.applicants.D. HOYT Address, Manager, GROCERS AND COMMISSION MERCHANTS :il GRA1' at any U...Ex.X Y.Uroand Color
r Seven Oaks, Fla. preenlah wMte pulp
lemler, tweet and deF -
lirious. The only era pe
POULTRY FOOD Ibat rank drill bosh In
DEALERS IN---- -:\ .. earliness anti qiulltj.acli .
; =- = > Tine Sealed with
Coal Grain Wines Tobacco Etc. .""rtM.- cur registered trademark -
vJt Hay, Liquors, Cigars, .Lffcuiax ,1'H..lurt...r informailon.label.Agent Kind wanted fqr
"drt'u snvw M vnvrK>!NS. Sew Canaan. CV

Make:liens Lay I IWi11Make RuPE SELVASE.

Chickens Grow 1 Parker..................................$1 75 .T.Martin Rye.3 00
AND GOOD FOR MOULTING FOWLS. Orange Valley.......................... 2 00 Virginia Glades .............. ......... 4 00
This food is strictly fresh meat, carefully Spring Valley..... ..................... 2 50 Old Bourbon ............................ 5 00
t North Carolina Corn................... 2 50 Kentucky Sour Marsh .... ............ 5 00
cooked, ground fine, seasoned and hermetically Clifton. Club ............ ................ Old Baker ................... ......... 5 00 ?
sealed in 8-lb. cans. Being ground fine, it can Montrose Velvet....!........... 86 00 : :
be: readily mixed with soft food and fed so as to !
give: each fowl an equal share. Price 30 cents Jugs Extra: One gallon 25C.; two gallon,sec.; three gallon,75C. Remit by post office. money r ):4':
or der,check or registered letter. We cannot ship C.O. D. to dry tcwns.
per can ; $3.00 per dozen. Address HOLLIS A complete pnce list of Groceries and Wine List,sent free on application. .
Boston,Mass. [Mention paper.] JOHN CLARK, SON & CO. E.RtLLUWORTWIRE YUt1t0..CIUCA; $,,.

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_- It will destroy the SPIDER which, is causing the fruit. and leaves to drop and

in many cases killing the limbs.

It will kill the MOVING SCALE. This is the hatching period and now is the time to spray.It .

will destroy the RUST MITE, of which Hubbard found 60,000 on a single. leaf, thereby saving the cost of feeding such an enor-

mous mass of insect life, and by their destruction secure bright fruit.

It will not only prevent the oranges from rusting, but give them a bright, sparkling color that can be obtained in no other way.

It will cure FOOT ROT and prevent infection and spreading.It .

will destroy FUNGUS and LICHEN GROWTH, giving the trees a healthy appearance. .

It will, as Mr.Axline (Axline & Markely, Cincinnati) says, return you ten dollars for every one that it will cost. I


One Quart in 50 Gallons of Water is Sufficient. Spraying Outfits in Great Variety at Manufacturers' Price

E. IBIEX "N:, Jaoltsorxville> riMau


.:. : .
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Is the most effective compound yet discovered for destroying the insects infesting the orange tree, and is a sovereign

remedy for the various forms of fungi on trees and plants. Being free from all substances of a caustic, corrosive or poisonous -

nature, it can be handled with perfect safety to the person, and applied to the trees at any stage of growth without

insecticide has been used by some of the largest orange growers in the State during the past two years, and has

given perfect satisfaction. References furnished on application.For .

Rust Mite use one quart to fifty gallons of water. When used at this strength the trees should be sprayed for

the Rust Mite twice a month through the season. Where labor constitutes the principal item of expense in spraying treesit

is better and cheaper to use the Insecticide at full strength, viz.: One gallon of solution to 50 gallons of water, as the

.. fumes from the Insecticide will kill the Rust Mite even if the solution should not happen to touch them. In using the

Insecticide at this strength it will save three or four sprayings through the season, thereby reducing the cost from one-

third to one-half.: This is an Advantage Possessed by no Other Preparation of Sulphur. If used in this manner it

will also kill the other insects that may be moving on the trees.

For Red Spider and Scale, use one gallon to fifty gallons of water; General directions for using sent on applic '

Price 20c. Per Gallon, in barrels. If there is no agent in your vicinity, write for price delivered.

Spraying Apparatus furnished to our customers at cost. -

McMASTER & MILLER, San Mateo and Citra, Fla.SAVANNAH .




$f- THE .!. FLORIDA .!. DISPATCH .!. LINE .1$


The Great Fast Express Freight System of the South.The .

attention of shippers is directed to the Plant S.S.Line between Havana,Key West and Tampa, and South Florida Railway between Tampa and Sanford;S.,F.&W.Ry.between Jacksonville.
Gainesville, Bainbridge, River Junction and Savannah;Savannah and Charleston,and Ocean Steamship Line between Savannah, Philadelphia, Boston and New York, and Merchants and Miners
Transportation Company between Savannah and Baltimore. The best equipped, fastest and most prompt lines between all points in Florida and all points North and Northwest. .
Receivers and Shippers Will Profit by the Following Uuparalleled Connections:
Double daily fast freight service for all points West via Albany, Jesup, Bainbridge and Double daily fast freight service from all points North and West via Albany, Bainbridge,Jesup
Savannah. and Savannah to all points in Florida; fast freight trains both via Gainesville,Jacksonville,Calla
Daily fast freight all rail connection via the Atlantic Coast Line to all Eastern, Interior and han and Live Oak.
Coast points,including New York,Boston, Philadelphia,Baltimore, Washington and Providence. Four ships a week by the fleet steamships of the Ocean Steamship Company, sailing from New .
Four connections a week for New York via Ocean Steamship Company, leaving Savannah York(New Pier 35 North River,)direct for Savannah Monday,Wednesday,Friday and Saturday.The .
Mondays,Wednesdays, Fridays and Saturdays. Boston and Savannah Steamship Company's steamers will leave Boston May 5,U,19 and 26
Two connections a week for Baltimore,via Merchants' and Miners' Transportation Company, for Savannah direct making connection on the dock at Savannah with fast freight trains for all
leaving Savannah every Wednesday and Saturday. points in Florida.
Connections for Boston via Boston and Savannah Steamship Company, leaving Savannah Mays From Philadelphia via Ocean Steamship Co.,leaving Philadelphia May 7,17,27,every five days
5, .19 and 36.Connections. from regular sailing day via New York to Savannah.
for Philadelphia every ten days via Ocean Steamship Company, leaving Savannah From Baltimore via Merchants and Miners'Transportation Co., every Tuesday and Friday
May 3. 13 22. making close connection with S.,F. &W. Ry.,for all points in Florida.
Sa111ng days* for Steamshios are subject chanee- without notice. .
The Florida Dispatch Line Is the quickest and best freight route from all points North, East and West to Florida. For full particulars, rates, stencils and shipping
receipts apply to any agents of the above lines, or to Wit P. HARD HE: Gen'l Freight Agent, Savannah, Ga.
C. D. OWENS,Traffic Manager, Savannah, Ga. F. B. FAPY,As t. Traffic Manager, Savannah, Ga. W. M. DAVIDSON, Gen'l Passenger Agt.,Jacksonville, :]rla.J. .
P. JORDAN( Trav. Agent. Quincy. J. E. DRAYTON, Tr.... Agent,Jacksonville.:







&flEfhORIDAthSVATdll. .

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HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY. the acids to starches. The starches are The poison principles of insect and I May the birds had spread them to
still further deoxidized to essential or reptile bites are decomposed albumens, many trees in the block, and they had
Fifth Annual Meeting at Ormond, fatty oils, and these are conveyed with and the evil effects of parasites on increased with extraordinary rapidity.
May 3, 4 and 6. the sugars to the seeds or are reducedto plants may be more due to the poisons Tnere was practically no scale, how-
starch in the tissues and stored up they inject than to the nourishment ever, in other parts of the grove, ex- '
liUS. for future use. they extract. cept on one lemon tree in a low place

Mr. President and Members of the Florida PLANT VS. ANIMAL DIGESTION. CAUSE OF DISEASES IN CITRUS TREES.I by the river. Acarus also appearedon
Now the of and convinced that those trees plentifully.
Horticultural Society : digestion plants am personally most
LADIES AND GENTLEMEN An animals is entirely opposite. The diseases of citrus trees are primarily. There were lady bugs present, but
ounce of prevention is worth a poundof tissues of animals are nitrogenous, of caused by root absorption of bacterial spraying with kerosene emulsion and
cure," and in considering the subject plants carbonaceous. Animals oxidize -: poisons that partially paralyze, or bi sulphate of soda and arsenic solu-
of .c Diseases and Insects of the their food, plants deoxidize. An chemically so derange the plant proto- tion seemed to hinder their propaga-
Citrus," I have thought it desirable to animal is made fat by absorption of plasm as to interfere with and retard tion ; so I stopped spraying to allow
them to multiply, and by the end of -
albuminoids the functional transformation of
present some facts regarding the little carbohydrates a plant by ; sugar
studied subject ofPI.ANT and either animals or plants when into starch and cellulose, thereby summer I found them running rest-
DIGESTION.To over fat are liable. to diseases and par- forming gums of which saccharic acid, lessly over the branches hunting live
this end I have spent considerabletime asites. formed in the laboratory by oxidizingcane scale to feed on.
We will therefore considerthe with nitric acid be I had more rough-celled oranges
preparing a chemical formula table now sugar may a
albuminoids and the elements that The from this block than from anywhere
of substances directly indirectly type. sweet seedling being more
or -
involved in the and influence health or disease in the citrus. highly organized than its sour relative, I else, except the dieback trees before
processes to
The albuminoids with the elaborate much mentioned, and I had a good deal of ,..
give a sort of bird's eye view, have compared having more sugar !
placed it on me board for inspection.You carbohydrates are highly complex and and starch, has the greater liability to dead wood to prune, some affected by
will observe there is a regular complicated substances and their study diseases. In my own grove I have 1 scale and some not. .lI
chain of carbohydrates, from quite has been difficult. It was formerly found no case of foot rot. About ten I OBJECTION TO ORGANIC NITROGEN.
simple to very complex forms, the supposed that nitrogen was assimilatedby years ago a darkey built a chicken I This object lesson was so forcible
vegetable acids, starches, sugars and plants only as nitrates, except the coop and kept a dozen or more fowls |, that I have decided never again to ap-
fats yielding by ferments or chemical infinitessimal amounts that may be for several months under the branchesof ply organic nitrogen to my citrus trees
action the alcohols and gases. absorbed by the leaves as ammonia or a sweet seedling in a grove I have except the small amount I am compelled ,':
The sap of shrubby plants or trees nitric acid. Recently, however, pot- .charge of. to use from my chickens for c
varies greatly at different seasons. A culture has demonstrated that plants FOOT ROT AND DIEDACK. lack of open ground to keep them in. .,j
healthy tree, when it takes its winter thrive well on nitrogen as sulphate of Two years later I found it half girdled Were it not that I have been to some .
has ammonia without its being changedinto with foot It received fencing two with wire i
rest, stored considerable starch, rot. no ,,, expense acres
and sometimes oil, in its live tissues, nitrates. special- treatment, and- is now recov- i I 1 netting and building a hen house on .
with which to elaborate. flowers and Study of peat soils deficient in alka- ered as well as such a tree can be. To rollers to move up and down the tree 1
.. foliage. line bases for the formation of nitrates make sure of fowls and fresh eggs, .I' rows, I would, as a matter of dollars i
# r R.. When the spring growth starts the shows that carbonate of ammonia onlyis when I want them for the table, I and cents, do without fowls alto- .
vital, albuminous, protoplasmic prin formed The plants must, therefore, keep about three dozen chickens, andI gether. :'
ciple seizes this starch and, by addingthe get their nitrogen from this source. built a hen house from which I I EFFECT OF SULPHUR. II
elements of water, H2 0, splits The biologists who have studied could secure the droppings undis Sulphur seems to be as essentially J
the starch up into fruit and grape su the microbes that form nodules on the turbed. But the hens in the heat of necessary an element of healthy atbuminoids 4
gar. These sugars a.;:ain are united roots of the leguminosae, thereby stimulating the day would congregate under as nitrogen. Sulphur cer- d
by the subtraction of H2 0 into cane their development, are of opin about a dozen trees on the side of the tainly, in my experience, is the great $
sugar, and it is as cane sugar that the ion that the plants gain the nitrogenby yard next to my house and would protoplasm stimulant, and is more *<
carbohydrates: are cc nveyed from one absorbing the excretory productsof keep the grass worn down next to the necessary for sweet fruit than phosphoric *
part of a tree to another to produce the microbes. These are normal fence, waiting for feed time. : acid, which performs an im ,
bloom, twigs and foliage. conditions, but orange trees are often Those trees got very green or fat, portant office in the movement of cane i i
When the cane sugar reaches its fertilized with organic nitrogen compounds some having the dieback; and al sugar. j
destination the fixing process is the and the decay of these de though I moved the fence two years The daily overflow in using the ,
reverse of the dissolving process, the serves special consideration. ago, some of those trees dropped a artesian water from my kitchen hy- ., : ;
cane sugar being split into fruit and IMPORTANCE OF SULPHUR. good deal of fruit last winter with drant caused :Majorcas and Bloods on !
grape sugar, and these sugars are excreted You will observe sulphur is 1.9 percent dieback scab, and my loss in sales the trees next to it to be sweet over a ;
as honey by the loss of water of the constituents of albumen. from the quality of the rough, coarse month in advance of those elsewhere *,
and molecular rearrangement become The protoplasm: of plants is a form of fruit on those dozen trees was fully that otherwise were well irrigated be- '-.%
cellular tissue. albumen and sulphur is a.vital elementof thirty dollars. t! fore the rainy season and had the same jj
After the tree has perfected its foliage its composition. The quick decayof A year ago in March, I put part of fertilizing. I have had similar results '
it begins the slow process of organic nitrogen substances is a my stable and liquid manure on* a from using an excess of sulphate of
elaborating its seeds and storing starch very complicated process. The sulphur block of orange and l lemon trees, ape ;;ammonia with a deficiency of potash :
for the next season's root and leaf is lost principally as hydrogen plying to the surface of the groundsix In this case the alkalinity of the ammonia -
growth. This is quite a different pro- sulphide whichwith a mixture of vola. forkfuls of %rough manure, or two i seems to assert itself when the 1
tile oils from the decomposed fats, bucketfuls of liquid, in a circle under :salt< is decomposed and take-the place
cess.The hair rootlets dissolve food elements give the disagreeable odors. The the ends of branches. In two or i of potash as a base for the acids, while .
in the soil or seize those that principal ultimate product of insectsis three weeks many lemon trees began i ito the conversion to sugar i is much more
come to them, and these are carriedas urea, which contains no sulphur. show drops of gum on the trunks i It is easily possible to give r.,
acids to the foliage. In the foliagethe Putrescine, cadaverine and myda. and large branches which was not 1I I trees too much nitrogen in this form J'J'rapId. ,
acids are deoxidized, the life princi- toxine are common products of bacte- I the case with trees not thus manured. ;also.
ple of the plant having, through the rial flesh digestion. I SCALE INSECTS. | SULPHATE OF SODAis
chlorophyll or green principle of the Small injections of these ptomainesin In the winter I had noticed a few'i the most efficient fungicide that has '.l'
leaves, the power in sunlight of absorb- human flesh are deadly poison, scale insects on the lower branches of ing carbonic acid gas from the air and usually giving cholera} symptoms. two of the trees and expected the l ladybugs 1 the mosses and lichens on the trunksof
throwing offoxygen, thereby changing i There is no sulphur in these ptomaines. to take care of them; but by < the trees so that they rot oft during




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n the summer rains. Two years ago done nothing for them since August, During the past two or three year- 'overcome by liberal fertilizing, thor-
my three large bearing sour orange< 189 T. there has been an increased demandfor ough cultivation and frequent sprayingwith
trees, both leaves and fruit, were completely The treatment was the application what may be known as the Florida sulphur solution.
infested with a scab. Las around the tree of hall potash, a one- varieties of orange trees, such as Par- Respectfully submitted.A. .
year very little developed and this pound ball in forty-five or fifty gallons son Brown, Nonpareil, Beach's No. i, L. DUNCAN.
season I have to look close to find any] water, once a week for three or four Homosassa, Stark's Seedless, Centennial Milwaukee Groves, Dunedin.;
new leaves bearing scab nodules.I weeks, then at longer intervals, until Beach's NO.5, Higley's. Late, Mr. Healy took exception to the
had some small slow growing the tree was cured. and Bessie. All of these varieties are fault-finding of Mr. Duncan with
orange trees badly: stunted by the i88( During about ten years all trees vigorous growers, early bearers, and Navel; he has cultivated it ten years,
freeze, and two years ago they showed treated recovered except the last three. hold their fruit well, some of them thinks a great deal of it. It does as
considerable of the silvery-gray fun- Query, was the failure due to changein until well on info the summer. well as any he has. He gets as many
goid appearance that accompanies: ; composition of potash? or is therea Of the so.called improved varieties, boxes per tree as he does from any
limb blight, and branches thus affected real blight and a disease that looks Garey's Mediterranean Sweet has been other variety; ranges 54 to 128 to the
began to die back.: Though they like it? HENRY FOSTER. proven more than worthless. The box.A
bore a heavy crop of fruit last year tree is a fairly good grower, a profuse member from Zellwood also
and had scant foliage to perfect it Wednesday Afternoon Session.A bloomer, but drops or splits most of championed the Navel as a profitablefruit.
with, owing to the March freeze of resolution of thanks was votedto its fruit before maturity. What to do .
1890, yet those trees are holding their President Adams for his able defenseof with these trees throughout Florida is Mr. Bacon does not like the Navelso
the interests of the in his serious promise well. Does bear well
own and many are losing the silvery growers a question. They so not except
appearance and are improving.In annual message and his impartial dis- well every Spring that we are in- when he girdled or slashed it; and he
conclusion I will predict that charge of his duties. duced to manure and cultivate them has cut down sixty or seventy of
future scientific advance in horticulture REPORT ON CITRUS FRUITS. another year, only to be disappointed them.Mr.
will be made by comparative: Each member of our committee is again. Fortunately, they can be re- Healy modified his statement;
study of the effects of sulphur on the to make an individual report, and I budded, and this should be done at said he does not like the Parsons
organic compounds. Respectfully sub- will confine myself to my own expe- once. We now know that there was Navel; he girdled them to make them
mitted. E. S. HUBBAUD, rience with young trees and groves. no basis for the boom given this variety bear, and they died.
Chairman Committee.Federal We have had the best success, by nurserymen generally five to Mr. Woodworth gave the history
Point,Fla. April 3?, 1892. planting in December and January.In eight years ago. The loss to Florida of the Navel in Florida; Mr. Saunders
A CURE FOIl' FOOT ROT. sections liable to injurious frosts, it the past few seasons, on account of introduced it from Brazil, giving treesto
At the Ormond meeting of the Hor- might be best to plant in February.The the failure of these trees to hold their various men, one of whom was a Mr.
ticultural Society the foot rot remedy trees should be well fertilized fruit, has been very great. The intro- Wells; and from his trees came the
employed by the distinguished trio of when set out, and after the work is duction of the Navels has also entailed buds that have spread the variety over
growers, Messrs. Phelps, Hart and done a basin about four feet in diameter immense loss upon our orange growers. the State. Mr. Wells' trees were the
Hubbard, was given as follows: Dissolve should be formed about each, This variety is a vigorous grower true Brazilian Navel, and those who
eight pounds of bi sulphate of which will be found advantageouswhen and free bloomer, but matures very surreptitiously procured buds from
soda in fifty gallons of boiling water. (If watering the trees in Spring. little fruit. It is said to carry its fruitto him got the genuine Navel. The
it is to be applied by ignorant men in This basin should be covered with maturity when budded on the rough Parsons is a variety that was propa-
hot, clear weather, use only seven mulching ; if no mulching can be had, lemon stock. This has not been veri- gated for a time simply for its profu-
pounds). Keep constantly stirred up. then after each watering, dry soil fied in my own experience as yet, but sion of bloom, and it seems to have
Spray the trees, preferably on the in should be used to prevent evaporation.As we hope to substantiate the statement been kept for that purpose so long
side, until all the leaves are wet and the soon as the trees have become within two or three years. Perhaps that its vitality was impaired for bearing -
trunk and branches drip freely. Pick thoroughly established, cultivation irrieation is all that these two varieties purposes. He also defended the
off previously all old and scaly barkso should begin, and should be contin- require to make them fruitful. We Mediterranean Sweet; he thinks very .
that the spray may penetrate into ued at frequent intervals until Novenvber are trying it ourselves, in a small way, highly of it.
# every crevice and hunt out every when at the last cultivation, this Spring.If A. H. Crane approves the Mediterranean -
germ of ferment. If the case is bad they should be fertilized again, which -any one has made a successful Sweet. They cast their fruit
lay bare the entire diameter of all the will end the work for the first year. experiment on this line in Florida, it when young, but when mature they
laterals two feet out from the tree The cultivation for several years would be gratifying to many to knowit. hold it. It is good early; it is good
and the tap.root and spray them thor- should be the same as that for the first A most experienced and successful late, it is good all the time. He
oughly. If sprayed on the leaves too year, no grass or weeds being allowed orange grower said to me eight began one year to eat of it in December -
strong or for too long a time it will to grow within a considerable distanceof years ago, that he never recommended and continued to enjoy it until the
cause them to drop; it will also pene. the trees. a new variety until it had been proven next October.Mr. .
trate the imperfect oil-cells on the From the most thrifty trees, there worthy for a series of years on his own Duncan does not deny that the
;r blossom end of the fruit and burn will spring up the second year what ground. This is a very safe rule, by quality of the Navel and the Sweet is
them, causing minute black spots. In we will call a leading sprout, which I which we should all be governed, for good, but he insists that they are not
regard to this remedy Mr. Phelps may be allowed to branch at five or I very few can afford to make these good bearers.
added significantly, "an ounce of pre- more feet from the ground, and after costly experiments on a large scale, Mr. Healy states that his Navels
vention is worth a pound of cure." .the branches have spread sufficientlyto which are sometimes almost ruinous. are on both sweet and sour stocks;
ORANGE BLIGHT. protect the trunk from the rays of There are few discouragements equalto both do well. He admits that the
I treated three trees in 1891. I had the sun, the old top can be cut away, that of struggling for years to bringa Navel will drop, but thinks this is due
.on hand some potash bought several leaving the tree with a straight, single grove into hearing and just as one principally to its weight. This year
4 years before. This gave out before body, which is most desirable.If expects to realize the long looked for he will lose about all his Navels by
the treatment was over. Had to buy I the trunk be divided, pockets fortune, to find our trees largely worthless dropping, owing to the severe drouth.W. .
'4 potash, which was in several particulars will form at the forks, in which water, and that our only recourse is to S. Hart thinks the Navel will
different. leaves and dust will collect and make re-bud and wait another series of years always bear when budded on the wildor
One tree had been diseased four or trouble; besides, single trunk trees are Before receiving satisfactory returns Creole lemon.
five years; the second two years the more readily sprayed or washed on for our labors. Geo. H. Wright has no trouble with
third one year or less. the inside, and the fruit is more easily Of the imported varieties, Jaffa, the Sweet from dropping;has had trees
Tree No. 2 bloomed sparingly, and gathered. ?Majorca, St. Michael, Paper Rind St. three years old bearing abundantly,
r shed completely early in spring before As reported last year, buds on the Michael, Maltese Blood and Tardiff some limbs breaking down.T. .
treatment. Afterward in May it rough lemon stock are more thrifty are excellent. Of these, Jaffa, which L. Mead said Mr. Robie, of
bloomed again, good, healthy flowers than those of any other ; they also require probably stands first as to quality, is a tf t. Dora, had some Navels that never
and retained fruit, but fruit when ripe less nitrogen. If a commercial rather shy bearer, as compared with bore over a half a dozen boxes; he
p was oblong. fertilizer should contain four to five the others. girdled them spirally a little more
, All the trees about July were apparently per cent. of ammonia for the sweetor Our experience in lemon growing, than once around, and they yieldedlinetyseven
; cured -that is, they had ma- sour orange or grape fruit tree, it heretofore, has not been very encouraging boxes.
. tured their former growth, which should contain about two per cent. less owing, in part at least, to our Mr. Phelps objected to the Jaffa
; seemed perfect in wood, leaves and for the rough lemon, which would be having the idea that this tree requiresless being called a shy bearer; had seen a
i color. equal to a saving of $6.00 per ton. manure than the orange, which is limb with the fruit packed on it as
1 During the autumn, and especially The Mandarin is exceptionally thrifty a mistake. Since we have been satisfied thickly as he ever saw it on any tree.
, in their later growth, I saw that the on rough lemon stock. The use of of this, and have acted upon it, He has never seen more oranges on
I trees were not doing well. They 16st this stock assures success in orange the results have been more satisfacto- any tree than he has seen on a Jaffa.
the,lustre of their leaves: the growthwas growing on pine land, which wouldbe y. The fungus disease or rust Has seen Navels twenty f feel high, that
not good, and at this time ((1892)) at least a doubtful experiment when which disfigures both the fruit and the when full of fruit were only twelve
they look as they did in 1891. I have any other stock is used. foliage can be largely, if not wholly, i (Continued on page 380.]


, .



Croce and Orrc l arrd.: they use generally a peck crate or Citrus Genealogy. soda: "Nitrogen as ammonia found

carrier containing only two layers of Editor Farmer and FruitGrower.In 18. 24 100 percent." "Soluble potash

Shipping Peaches peaches. For their fancy fruit theyuse submitting this informally to the found 1839.100 per cent!" Indeed, this
and Orb
pe8. an eighth-bushel crate, holding Florida Horticultural Society, I do is a strange statement. I did not know

Editor farmer and Fruit Grower. only one layer of fruit and each one not claim absolute accuracy or posi-- nitrate of soda would give up potash.He .

AVe are going to have our first experience is wrapped. When they put in two tive proofs. Bonavia is of the opin- certainly does not mean nitrate of

of any account, this season layers of ion that in connection with
they spread a single piece "nothing potash, for the nitrogen equal to ammonia -

shipping fruit from this point, mostly paper between the layers; and the bot- the citrus is better established than in that of 95 per cent purity

peaches and grapes. I enclose postage tom of the crate is padded with excel that the citrus is descended from a woujd be 16 25-100 per cent and the

for list of reliable commission sior fine which is also laid progenitor with leaf."
( shavings) a compound potash would run up to 44 20-100 per
merchants which I understand you over the fruit to keep the cover from This relationship is not closely shownin cent.I .

keep. Any hints or suggestions from bruising it. This or something similar the wild lime family.As see also in this bulletin some one

you will be greatly appreciated.G. should be spread over the fruit to per- it is impossible to trace the citrus accomplished here what I have

DeFuniak. W. M ELLISH. mit the cover to be pressed down tight, to its primal type or types, and as seen only once before. The values of

List sent mail. for this is absolutely necessary in orderto the origin of many species and varie- the analyzed] goods are kept back.

write the house you before by Always and keep the fruit from being shaken ties can be shown with considerable The dollars and cents columns are the

shipping about. But care must be taken not I historical certainty to be the results of nub of the story. Where are they?
learn the '
prospects, etc. to exclude the air from the fruit with hybrids and crosses, I have taken as The average grower who uses these
should be
after the
Grapes picked
the packing materials. the basis of a systematic nomenclaturethe much
dew is off the vines. The picker goods may not puzzle over percentages -

should cut the stem with sharp knife As to markets, New York is everybody's four types or principles that as but he can see at a glancethe
simple, triple or quadruple hybrids valuation in dollars
holding it with the other hand and market, and one can frequently and cents.
do present: in all citrus that have as There admirable in this
should carefully place the bunch in best by avoiding such a market. yet are things

the box Boston and Buffalo are excelent: markets come under my observation. Theseare bulletin, but these I regret to see.
picking stem upward, not
filling the box too full. The but are a little too far away for the citron, which is the ennoblingtype LYMAN PHELPS.May .

should not be exposed to the light grapes or Peentos. So is Pittsburg. Washington ; the shaddock, which impartsthe 7, '92. .
red principle the Mandarin with
heat of the sun, but should be carried and Philadelphia are good mar- ; How the droves Look.
kets; they will take a certain amountof its loose skin, and the sour orange,
as soon and carefully as possible to I Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower:

the packing room, and there stackedup very high priced fruit. Most and which the! supplies round form.abundant acid juice On my way to and from the Horticultural -
peaches bear longer shipmentthan
in such a manner as to give com- Society meeting at Ormondlast
the Peento. From West Florida The Kumquat is interesting: as furnishing -
plete ventilation. They should re direct link week, I pissed over the road-
a between citrons
should be able tj reach Cincin-
main there at least twelve hours. you Ormond to Jacksonville, and Jacksonville
and wild limes. It possibly be a
nati Cleveland
and Chicago all good may
Then it will be found that the Lacoochee-in
stems to daylight, and
markets, in advance of the Louisianaand link in the ancestral line from which
are wilted and flexible, and the the citrons of took special note of the condition of
descended.The .
Alabama to-day are
at least for
bunches be handled growers the
can softly without week hybrids from citrons and wild orange groves along the route.
breaking the skin of the berries at the or two. All the trees have suffered more or
We should have added. do not Dick limes are in two lines; one in which
intersection with the stem. less from the drouth, with the .
all the fruit from a tree or vine atone they assume the citron form but the exception

Ship grapes in the Star spring crate, picking ; it will ripen unevenly and acid juice of the lime and the otherin of two or three groves in the
offered for sale flat woods a few miles north of La.
by Haynes, Young & should be gathered at two or three which they keep the wild lime or
of Orlando. Send all coochee. In some places the effectsof
Bailey, grapes pickings. orange form, but acquire the sweet

and peaches by all-rail express never Strawberry men use a tray large properties of the citron. As only the the cold last winter are very
Atlantic Coast much less marked. Almost, if not entirely
Dsf>atc/it varieties
enough to hold six quart boxes, with a best of the Mandarins and

by freight. For short distances, say a piece of old barrel hoop for a handle, shaddocks have been introduced in without exception, the most thrifty
hundred miles less the I looking trees and those which show
or freight train this I have had no
for carrying the fruit in from the field. I country oppor-
answer but.we shudder to thinkof the least effects from the dry weather,
may ; For peaches and might tunity of studying the inferior and un-
such delicate fruit Florida grapes you are those which have been cultivatedthe
as peaches -
make a tray in the same way, but improved varieties, and give only the
or grapes sent by anything else l large enough to receive a crate or a better known hybrids of these species present season. It would seem to
than the swiftest be a safe rule to kill all vegetation ina
It is
express. very number of carrier baskets. Write to with the citron. E. S. HUBBARD.

expensive, but it 'is absolutely neces- the Southside Manufacturing Company Federal Point. grove as soon as the soil does not

sary to success, and if your fruit is CITRUS Nonius. CITRUS DECUMANA. I. contain more moisture than the
Petersburg Va. they make a
culled and Mandarins Tangerines. Blood Shaddocks. trees themselves require. There
rigidly nicely packed, you may
variety of crates and baskets whichwe Suutara
will make enough money to pay the can recommend.-ED. India.Orangesof Tummelos be some ]lands that, in our dry springs,

difference in cost, and a good deal .. -- Oonshiu of or Grape Fruit. are sufficiently damp to support a
more. Coolie of China. Citrons. Oranges. crop of grass or weeds, without injury -
An at
As to the stage of ripeness at whichto Editor Farmer Episode and Fruit Grower Ormond. King of Siam. rpn_Malta....<:.ca.. to the grove itself, but such landsare

pick and peaches for very scarce.
grapes KUMQUAT.
shipment, it is difficult to instruct a On Thursday morning, in the dis- We had a good shower here on the
Sweet Juiced Sweet Seville Oranges.
wholly inexperienced grower on cussion of tropical fruits, when Mr. Limes and Lemons. Sweet China Oranges. 3d inst., and our groves are in better
pa- Haynes, of Orlando, was discussing Sweet Rind Lemons. Portugal Oranges. condition than
per; even Mr. Taber hesitates to at- Bitter Rind Lemons. St. Michael Oranges. now they were one .
tempt it. His suggestion is a goodone his method of growing pineapples, West India Linies. Bitter Sweet Oranges. week ago. Altogether I am thor-

; watch your vines or trees closely; Mr. Healy, the high priest of the anti- Tahiti Indian Limes.Limes. oughly well satisfied with the thrifti-

muckers, interrupted him : Rough Lemons of the in section
ness trees
pick a cluster or a peach when you or Limes. our as

think it is about right and keep it two MR. HEALY. "Mr. Haynes, please Sour Seville or compared with any others that I saw
tell the Society what fertilizer I
or three days to see how it ripens. If you Bigarade Oranges. during my absence.
Wild Leech Lime of
have made wind to ship use. Citrus A. L. DUNCAN.
you up your MR. HAYNES. Hystrix Kurz or
by express, (and we earnestly admonish "Principally muck. Limo Ventricjsus! of Rumphius. Milwaukee Nurseries Dunedin, Fla., 1\1819-
This reply turned the laugh on the CITRUS TRIFOLIATA. ,-.-. .

you not to attempt anything slower Major, who had been very conspicuous S. \ Mr. James Edgar, of Gabriella,
), allow the fruit to attain Criticism of the State Bulletin.
you may
in his opposition to the use of brought to this office Tuesday a sheafof
its full size and color (but not to be- Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower:
muck. oats taken from a three acre field
come soft). Early in the the There novel in the '
season are some things
The muck question will not down. grown by his son, Mr. Charles Edgar,
sin of the is bulletin of the
to State of
growers pick Those who have it will use it. It is Department at the aforesaid place. The sheaf
too green. The other day we saw the Agriculture for April. First, the Pro
decayed vegetable matter. It is an stands four feet high, and is a fair
first of Peento receivedin fessor advises
of "slaked
crate peaches the use
element of plant growth; was taken sample of the crop on the three acres
from Mt. Dora. broadcast" for the
Jacksonville They from the soil and must be returned to quicklime spread mentioned. Those who believe that
were as green as grass, and hard all I dieback. I fear there is some mistake Florida
land will
it. Good muck analyzes from $4 to pine not grow grain,
over. The merchant put on a cheer here. I fail to know, or see, how it should visit Mr.[
$8\ per ton of ammonia. Its mechanical Edgar and see for
ful face over them and was trying his is possible for a professional chemistto hemselves. The is
effects in the soil are marked. grain heavily
best to convince people that they were give such advice. If applied the
The orange roots run after it and will i headed, and the yield of the three
good (we will give the commission result would be to liberate ammonia, will be immense.-Orlando
appropriate it. If properly applied, acres Re-
merchant his due), but there was only the grove will stand a drouth much and if free phosphoric acid is present, porter. .

in dozen that had touchof to it into tri-basic of ..
one a or a turn a phosphate *
better than where it is absent. The i
color or of taste. The rest would users have faith in it. The theorists ]lime, rendering two expensive and BROWN'S IRON BITTERS

soon shrivel and be bitter. it. most necessary elements almost worth-
The Waldo regret less. Cures Dyspepsia, Indigestion -
growers are noted for
their in Please the of nitrate of & Debility.
success shipping peaches, and Inierlachcn, Fla. note analysis


.' ; ""


gRRMER]' J1JD T''RUCIER( Late Planting: of Potatoes. HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY. The box-press consists of a frame
Editor Farmer and FruitGrower.I made of stuff 3x15 inches, nailed
Potash for Sweet Potatoes. wish your correspondents could [Continued from page 381.] together, 17 inches wide by 2 feet 634
Editor Farmer and Pruit Grower: realize the importance of naming the feet high. This was in Orange county inches long; hinged to the side of the
Will you please inform me by mail kind, when writing about what can ; he cannot speak for the Gulf coast. building at the right height to rest
The so-called Creole lemon is
and what can't be done with certain not a
if cotton seed meal alone is a good across a box of oranges when brought
things in Florida "otherwise much lemon! ;.it tis, a lime.
fertilizer for sweet potatoes, on very down horizontal. The operator sits
McDonald thinks the best fruitis
good pine land, which has had no potatoes damage may be done by leading the on it to press the box down for nail-
the Mediterranean Sweet it
on (for eighteen years ? How reader astray. ; hangson ing. There are two followers, one
well it holds its late it is
much per acre, and if in hill or broad As an instance, our venerable friend, juices ; for each compartment of the box; the
almost solid Hart's Late.D. .
cast? An immediate reply will be D. W. Adams, says "if any man as now as edges of these are raised, making the
should take the advice of W. Adams: His experience
much appreciated. a Campo- follower concave on the under side,
with the Navel has been .
I will send you an article shortly, belloite and plant Irish potatoes (what profitable.He which forces the cover down on the
giving my experience with that scale, kind?) in South Florida in April, he budded the Bahia Navel on the head without unduly jamming the
lemon and finds these
the white fly, which makes trees so would get all vines and no potatoes." rough as prolificas fruit by the spring of the cover.
smutty. It is the very worst thing I Now, friend Adams is a much older any variety he has; but budded on Mr. Hart's patient and minute ex-
stock it does bear well. On
and better looking man than I am but sweet not
have yet had to contend with. planation and reply to every question
C.-F. WALDRON. I believe I can tell him some things the lemon it will bear so freely as to attracted interest and elicited
Welaka. about Irish potatoes he don't know. break its limbs. His first grade of warm applause.On .

Cotton seed meal alone is a good There are many different kinds of Navels, this winter, have always motion of Mr. J. C. Love, it
fertilizer for sweet potatoes, but you Irish potatoes and there are different brought $4.00. Ordinarily, the Navelis was voted that the society do recommend
could improve it a good deal by add- kinds of lands and locations in Florida.In not profitable.It all millmen and dealers to cut
The of actual locality Early Rose and was moved and seconded that !
ing potash. percentage my orange-box sides 26 inches long and
potash in a standard sweet potato for- other extra early kinds run to vines, the variety of orange now known as the heads % inch thick when dressedon
mula, for instance, in Mapes' sweet when late planted. Chili Reds, Beau Washington or Riverside Navel, be both sides. Mr. Hart explainedthe
potato manure, is from four to six, ty of Hebron and other later kinds do hereafter known in the proceedings of importance of having absolute
which is all in the form of high grade well when planted in favorable loca this Society as Bahia, the name under and uniformity in what
accuracy may
nine to twelve tions as late as the middle of which it was introduced by Mr. Saun-
sulphate, say per cent. April. appear to be very small matters, for ina
But there is very little sulphate of Beauty of Hebron, while not makinga ders, Superintendent of the Govern- large pile of boxes a slight variationin
potash on the market that will run as shipping potato, made a fair turnoutof I ment grounds. the boxes soon makes a troublesomehitch
high as that in potash. The Massachusetts tubers, plenty good enough for DISPLAY OF IMPL.E3IEXTS. in the pile.

Experiment Station found, in home use, when planted the first of Secretary. S. Hart exhibited a He stated that he spends about 15
twenty samples, an average of only May on cool hammock land. number of implements that he uses in cents a box more than the average in
33.40 per cent., while those examinedby Now I do not hesitate to advise the picking and packing oranges, which getting his oranges packed with the
the Florida State chemist ranged people of South Florida, when losing show much ingenuity and are well utmost nicety, and that 15 cents extra
from 26.43 to 33 64 per cent. their first planting of Irish potatoes, adapted for a small grove, where the expense brings him $i extra in returns,
Now, bright cotton seed meal, according to select some later kind of potatoesand owner can oversee the work in all its for (he would not say it egotistically)
to the same authorities, has plant in well prepared ground and details. One of these is a pickingsack his fruit regularly brings him that
from 1.723 to 1.98 per cent. of pot fertilize with home compost. made of a double thickness of amount above the highest market
ash. This is from three to four percent When I first came to Florida I was heavy duck, to prevent thorning of price.
less than it should have, to be a told Irish potatoes could not be grownto the fruit. The bottom has a flap fast-
good sweet potato ferlili/er. To advantage at all; that strawberries ened with a button, so that the fruit Thursday Session.Mr. .
every 100 pounds of cottonseed meal, could not be grown-might grow a can be poured out into the box with Delano made a motion that the
therefore, you will have to add about few of Southern origin but no other; out bruising. He has seen sacks Committee on Marketing be requestedto
twelve pounds of 33 per cent. sul- that you.couldn't grow corn unless you made of sheep skins, with the wool attend the meeting of the fruit

phate, making 112 pounds of the planted in rows five feet apart and one inside. His field boxes are of the ,growers at Orlando May 19; it was em-
mixture, containing approximately stalk in the hill three feet apart- same size of oranges boxes, but lower, phatically voted down. -
5.33 per cent. potash, which is about and some believe it yet; that potatoes with a piece on each side only four R. D. Hoyt's report on tropical
right. would not keep through the summer, inches wide, leaving a wide crack at fruits was read.
Apply it in a drill at the rate of and that a fall crop could not be made. the bottom. Two boxes will hold TROPICAL FRUITS.

about 400 pounds per acre, and stir it Now I have been here long enough to about two-thirds of a box of oranges; We need much more light on this
well into the soil with a cultivator or learn that these and a hundred other they are provided with a dowel-pin at subject, and I do not feel that I am
hand plow. Throw the ridge togetheron things of same kinds are all "fads." each end fitting into the bottom of the sufficiently well posted to write intel
this and let it lie a week or ten I presume Bro. A did just'as I did; head of the box above, so that theycan ligently upon it. Unfortunately,
days to ferment and heat before you to get potatoes quick, after losing his be tiered up in the.wagon and I live just a little too far north to
set out the plants. Mr. M. Chesebro first planting, he planted the earliest will not slide about. There is a carry out the experimental work
records his experience as follows : kind and got all vines. Another time hand-hold cut through near the top which I started in this line, and whileI
"I once made an experiment with : I planted a later kind and got good of the head, and to prevent scratch- have got together a fairly extensive

sweet potatoes, and muriate of potash potatoes. I believe winter potatoes, ing of the fruit Mr. Hart strictly enjoins collection of tropical fruit plants, I
produced a large quantity of potatoesof such as Peach Blows or any good late all his men to keep their finger will have to leave the testing of the
very fine quality. Indeed I have kind, planted here in July, will make nails pared down close. The clipper relative merits of most of them to
never seen or eaten better ones. Two good fall potatoes-will try it this sea- he uses will cut so close as to slice off those more favorably situated.
rows 165 feet long yielded four and son if I can get seed. the calyx if desired. The only thing Tropical fruits may be divided into
one-fourthand four and one-ninth bush- Now, this "Campobelloite" is very needed to render this a perfect clipperis two sections; the first, those that will
els, respectively, of market potatoes. much of the opinion that if you don't a stronger spring.A stand a light frost without injury; and
Two rows manured with nitrate of soda plant you can't reap, and is not much useful home-made stepladder, second, those that will not endure it
produced two and one-half bushels given to saying "can't." If one kind made of cypress, seven feet high, is two at all.: I will, therefore, confine my-
each. These potatoes were large and of potato won't make anything but feet two and a half inches wide at the self to the first section, as the second

good flavored, though some of them vines, try some other kind. Thereare bottom, one foot at the top, steps three will have but little interest, except for
were discolored on one side. Two lots of things the people of South and a half inches wide.A those who contemplate growing fruitsin
rows manured with boneblack (phos Florida could do well with if they rack for making orange boxes some of the most southern countiesor
phoric acid) produced one and one- would take the advice of a "Campo displays much ingenuity. A short the islands of the reef keys.
half bushels each. These potatoes belloite"-might even do well raising cleat or wooden button is attached toa The present season finds many of
were long, rough, and quite uneatable. razorbacks and pindars. You need spiral spring something in the styleof the fruit growers much more hopefulas
Two rows without any fertilizer pro- not be bothered about the kind, as a rat-killer; this holds the head or to the future of that luscious fruit,
I duced better potatoes and as many of there is only one kind. Just turn him the partition. Then .the rack, whichis the mango. The trees throughout
them. Two rows manured with a in a good pindar patch and he will be small and light,' can be quickly Hillsborough, parts of Orange and
mixture of potash, ammonia (nitrate the right kind. thrown on its side and the siding Polk counties, and even in some partsof
r of soda), and phosphoric acid (bone- CHAS. AV. CAMPBELL, SR. nailed on quickly. Mr. Hart often Lake, are now loaded with bloom
. black) produced four bushels and four Campobello, :Marion Co. uses a saw-palmetto stem for a hoop; and fruit well set, and the prospect is
, and one.fourth each. Thus it is to be -*.-.- -- he frequently obtains them from fourto good for a heavy crop. This is per-
noticed that phosphoric acid is useless FOR DTSt'EPf/11, six feet long. A plane.bit or draw- haps the most important of all the
and injurious to the potato crop. Am- .Indigestion, :and Stomach diiofj its,use ing-knife fastened in an iron frame is tropical fruits, as it always meets with
monia is of some use, while potash BROWIC'S IROX BITTEKS. used to shave down the stem on one ready sale, either at home or abroad,
All dealers keep it. $1 per bottle. Genuine haa
furnishes an almost complete manure." trade-mark and crossed red lines on wrapper. side. and at prices which only Billy Neeld




can expatiate upon, as I do not care be worthy of publication in the records ly combatted this view by giving instances
potash 10. Makes several light .
to risk appli- ,
my reputation veracity. of this
of their own observation
whereIt cations, using about $80 worth
The fruit is a good shipper and per
care- R. D. HOYT.
was developed in trees that
no plow acre. Sows his seed thick in the
fully packed, will to the most
carry Mr. of Orlando had touched or even approached. drills then thins
distant markets. There are Haynes, states that out when they are
varieties of this fruit, and this season many his company have set about 12,500 ANOTHER FOOT ROT CURE. small and sells them in the market.
will give us an opportunity of testing pineapple plants; that they have about Secretary Hart related how he had Aims to have them ready for ship-
them. four acres under cover and expect to effected a permanent cure of several ment as early in March as possible, to

The Avocado, or alligator (P. have two more, covering 80,000 bad. cases of foot-rot. He cleared get the high prices. Simply stops
grafissimaf) is also growing and pear fruit- plants. They have an irrigating plant away the earth about the bases of the irrigating and lets them dry down,
ing nearly as high as the and water the plants every week.C. trees, laying bare the roots for two breaking the tops over if necessary.:
and all the trees that up are old mango enough, B. Magruder related how Capt. feet out in all directions, and also dug Had sold them in Philadelphia at
give promise of a heavy It is II Richards, ot Eden, in going throughhis down and exposed the tap root to a $3.25 a crate when the best from
useless to try to describe crop.this fruit to pineapple plantation with the tax depth of two feet. He then mixed I Bermuda were bringing only $3- .
those unacquainted with it suffice it assessor, pointed out to him a half. sulphurous (not sulphuric) acid with largely due, he thinks to superior
; acre from wich he had recently sold I water, half and half, and thoroughly packing. .
to say that it is not a but more
resembles a huge fruity pear nut, whichis $3,500 worth of plants. washed the diseased places, first cutting A. H. Crane asks why celery runs
served as salad at table. Our O. M. Crosby, of DeSoto county, out the affected bark to enable to seed so readily in this climate.C. .
Northern friends have learned to says they have about 20,000 plants the wash to penetrate into every crev- A. Bacon replies that the plants
predate the fruit, which brings fancy ap. I set at his place and grow them successfully ice where the disease was at work. ought to have been transplanted sev-
prices in all the large markets whereit in the open air, raising many This checked it, and he thought it eral times ; the experience of the growers -
has been introduced.The fine specimens that weigh six, seven, was done for, but in about a year it about Daytona and Ormondhad
culture of the pineapple is now and eight pounds each. reappeared in places. On examination shown that.
becoming one of the most important Col. Magruder has found that pot- he found that the rains had E. W. Amsden attributes it to lack
industries in all the southern counties: ash is an excellent application for washed the earth in again to some ex- of vitality in the seed.E. .
; pines.C. tent, (he left the cavities about the O. Painter says it is due to the
as high as Hillsborough Orange -
and Polk up counties large,areas A. Bacon thinks Col. Magru- trees after applying the wash), so that over-stimulating climate. He instanced
are being planted under light lath der's statement is flowery and mightbe the exposed surfaces were curtailed; onions, which, in Florida,
fences, which offer protection from misleading if taken as an average and here where the earth had crept up will produce seed the first year from ..
occasional frosts and from too bright statement. If plants could be sold at along the'roots, the poison had developed the seed, while in the North they will
sunshine, as the fruit larger andis this rate how long before the State itself again. He simply dug out not generally do so until the second
of finer quality when grows in would be overrun with plant growers? the cavities to their original depth, year.
partial shade. grown He had pineapples all last winter on washed the roots again and this time Thos. H. Hastings, of Hastings,

As a market fruit, its reputation has his place, but only a half-mile distant he effected a permanet cure, as no gave interesting notes of his experience
long been established, and the the cold rendered this impossible. signs of it had shown themselves in in growing cucumbers under
Northern cities now draw their supply great People must not be misled by exceptional several years. Mr. Hart thinks it is glass. Beginning with $6.00 a dozen I
principally from the vast plantationson circumstances.H. never safe to conclude that a cure has for his English cucumbers in the win
S. Williams has found that it is been made certain under a year. ter, he has not had any returns yet
the reef keys, while the lower
Indian River country is preparing to not actual frost so much that kills the O. P. Rooks read the report of the lower than $3.00. But he has decided -
plants outright as it is cool morningsthat committee on transportation. that artesian water will not furnish
market them by the hundreds of
thousands. Like most other fruits, dwarfs the fruit. He has often John Fabyan made a strong argu bottom heat enough to preserve the
there are varieties the seen apples that would easily have ment in favor of the appointment of temperature of the house at a sufficient
best being many Abakka, Smooth, among Cayenne, attained a weight of six pounds, that the Railroad Commission, and T. L. elevation on cold nights, as the English -

Sugar Loaf Porto Rico, Ripley and were so_chilled_by_cold mornings that Mead opposed it, giving an instancein cucumber will not endure a variation -
Egyptian Queen. The Red Spanish they only reached three or four and his vicinity where the .former Com- of over twenty degrees without
were of an inferior quality. mission established higher rates than becoming chilled and rotting. His
is, however, the most largely
because the supply of plants of grown other, O. P. Rooks, of Lake county, lost the railroad company did. experience has been costly, but h.e is
sorts was limited, but as they become all his plants in '86, but was not dis A motion was adopted declaring it highly encouraged over the results of
more plentiful and can be obtained at couraged and planted out another lot. the sense of this meeting that the his second year. Next fall he will :
less cost, the Red Spanish will be Has kept on enlarging until now he has Railroad Commission shculd be reestablished plant earlier and have a higher heat, j i
largely supplanted by a better variety. about 2,500 plants of twenty-four varieties with full powers to en- so as to begin shipping as soon as the jj
force its decisions. tourist is well .
The great family of anonas are represented and it is the most valuable season opened.T.
L. Mead\ asked if had
piece of his ground. He anybody
by several species and varieties protects AFTERNOON SESSION.
and some of the more hardy, against frost with a canopy overhead i made of heart rails and pine straw. and R. D. Hoyt replied that he had.
as A. Squamosa and A. Chcrimolia are port of the committee on vegetables.E. .
growing and fruiting in Lake and Polk Has them among his orange trees, and O. Painter, being invited, gave C. A. Bacon with justifiable pride,
exhibited the medals which
counties. The fruit Is of little commercial the trees there are better and more his experience in onion culture on gold were
value, being too tender to bear fruitful than they are in the open sandy soil. On that kind of soil he taken by John Anderson, of Ormond,
for the best five and fifteen
shipment to any distance, but meets a grove, on account of the mulchingand would never attempt it without irriga growers ten
the shade. He does not think he varieties of oranges at the New
ready sale in our home market. The tion. This he accomplishes by means
cocoanut palm has been planted to a could compete with the Indian River of a wind mill and a tank, from whichhe Orleans Exposition.
very great extent along nearly the entire I growers, as he has only a limited local distributes the water over the beds, NATIVE FRUITS OF FLORIDA. 1
- coast line of Brevard and Dade I market. partly through a hose, partly througha I must acknowledge that I am very C
counties, and the waving plumes may Reports on citrus diseases were read series of lawn sprinklers with their unfamiliar with the native or wild
be seen for miles in almost unbroken by E. S. Hubbard, H. L. Williams- pipes far enough under the surface to fruits of our State, having paid my
lines both on mainland and islands. and A. Brady.Mr. be below the reach of the plow. whole attention to the standard cultivated .
The banana is also grown to an Hubbard gave his recipe for foot Plants his seed in November, if possi fruits, and I am pleased to say
extent which few people realize, who rot (bi-sulphate of soda) publishedlast ble, depending on a spell of rainy that for the past six years we have
have never seen the large plantationsof week on the editorial page. weather to germinate the seed.A been able to pick ripe fruit from our
South Florida, and the revenue derived W. T. Swingle, the United States little discussion arose as to the trees and vines every day in the year. .
from them would appear no Government expert sent down to study earliest date at which pure Bermuda For instance, last Christmas we had
mean sum if compared with other products orange tree blight, made some re seed could be obtained, as it is uselessto six varieties of ripe Iruit on our table,
of the State. This fruit is mostly marks. plant in Florida any but fresh onion picked that morning.
purchased from the growers by small This disease attacks also the po- seed. Mr. H. G. Hastings said his However, there are quite a numberof
coasting schooners, and finds its mar. melo and the lemon. It is a very earliest: consignment of this variety of valuable native fruits in our State,

ket in Key West, Tampa and St. Pe I mysterious malady, unlike anything seed was received last year September perhaps as many or more as in any
tersburg, from which places it is sent i heretofore known in the vegetable 29. other State; and with the aid of one of ;
to intenor points.I kingdom. He is completely at a lossto Mr. Painter, resuming, said that he the native "fruits" of our State, our .
should like to touch on many account for it, as the microscope once transplanted a part of his crop, "Cracker Boy," we have: been able to \
other fruits, especially the guava, and so far has revealed no diseased struc but promised himself never to do it make a list of fifteen varieties. We I
its probable future importance as a ture or parasites in the ailing trees. again. On moister: land it might do. shall, for the sake of breity, use com- \
commercial fruit, but will leave these Mr. Mott advanced the idea that but not on andy soil like his. He mon names. We expect opposition to \
until, with the assistance of the grower, deep plowing and laceration of the uses a special onion fertilizer with a some of our statements, and we wishit
I can prepare a paper giving more roots might sometimes cause blight, formula about like this : ammonia, ; for where there is no opposition

accurate details, and one which may but Messrs. Street and Ostrom.prompt 4 per cent; phosphoric acid, 5 or 6; ? [Continued on page 3t2j;





'. .- .

CONTENTS. applied fertility would be useless; Oranges for England.On lishment of a European market for apart i

Horticultural Society; 833GE every plant would wither hopelesslyand his return from an all-winter's of our oranges is a matter of I

'TE AND ORCHARD-Shipping Peaches and perish. All agriculturists are sojourn in the orange districts of Cali-- moment on account of the vast citrus I
Grapes;An Episode at Ormond; Citrus Genealogy orchards which are rapidly growingup it

the Grovel; Criticism Look;of the. State. Bulletin. ; .How SS5 aware of this fact, but there are fornia, Mexico and Arizona, Mr. E. on the Pacific coast. Arizona and

FARMER*D TRUCKER-Potash for Sweet Potatoes; very few who have any just concep- L. Goodsell, the energetic fruit mer- Sonora are the outdoor hothouse of

Late Planting of Potatoes; 386 tion of the enormous amount of chant! of New York, called at our North America, heated by the great
EDITORIAL-SIandard Box Plenty nf
Orauge ; office and some statements as to furnace fires of the Colorado Deserton
Phosphate;Importance Water;Oranges for water needed .vegetation in its gave
England; The Orange Growers' Meeting at his observations in the far West and the west and Death Valley on the
Gainesville,May 1Z; SS3, growth. According to i northwest. The writer
MARKETS: ; S83: made at the Wisconsin Experiment I his plans for next season's shipments once passed
Heavily Handicapped; 389 100 miles down the Gila river; the
OCR Youxo FOLKS-A Georgian In Tampa; BOO Station last summer, 501 tons of of oranges to England. His com- soil of its bottom lands is of an inex-
STATE:News-Items: 330: Campion Goodsell & Co. of haustible
Mr. Goodsell
water are required to produce a singleton pany fertility. estimates -
OCR RURAL HOME-The Florida Lemon Lime
In Cookery;The Best Mosquito Remedy;Cure of dry matter in the form of oats London-have chartered two steam- that in 1894 California will
for Snake Bites;To Make Tea;Drainage is Necsary produce 3,000,000 boxes and Arizona
constructed for the fruit
and ers specially
tons to produce a ton
(!> ;Inveterate Smokers Dyspeptics;To 401 The California will
Cook a Young Chicken; 391 ley. Hellriegel (found in Prussia, service, which are expected here to 1,000,000. crop
A Cl\th Cucumber House; :S93: not compete with ours to an injurious
THE FARMERS AILIA CE-The Ru'nous Auction which has a moister atmosphere than load their first cargoes the latter part extent, but those of Arizona and Sonora -

Sales.System;Sound Sense for Alllancemen;Direct 3M Wisconsin, that it required 376 tons of October and the first of November. will, not only in their time of

Weather and Crops;Sandhills in the Far South; 395 of water to produce a ton of oats and They have a capacity of 25,000 boxes ripening but in their quality.
Orange County Vineyard; C-*
310 tons to produce a ton of barley.If each, but it will not be deemed expedient The Orange Growers' Meeting at

STEPHEN. POWERS, Editor.P. we express these amounts in inchesof on the trial trip to load them Gainesville, May 12.
O. Address, Lawtey, Fla.
water, covering the surface of the with over 20,000 boxes. Their Tho call of A. S. Mann\ president and

Standard Orange Box. field that is al draught will probably render it unad-- manager of the Orange and Vegetable
(supposing no water Auction Company (("Home :Market"), for
At of the Board of Directors
a meeting ready in the soil) the oats demand a visable, if not impossible, to bring an orange growers'convention at Gainesville -
of the Florida Fruit Exchange, them the river to Jacksonville and on the 12th and 13th inst., was responded -
precipitation of 15.6 inches to make a up to
by a largo assemblage of
held in this city on April 21St, a resolution unless a wharf constructed I before and substantial
crop, and tn. barley 10.5 inches. prominent growers rep-
was passed changing the di- resenting fourteen of the most important
We have before referred to broken next fall at l\Iayport-which is con-
counties of the
orange-producing State.
mensions of the standard orange box capillarity in retaining moisture in the templated-they will have to receive The interest of the meeting centeredon

side and head as follows : Sides to soil, this broken capillarity being keptup their cargoes at Fernandina ; but it is the propositions of Manager Mann,
looking to better methods of marketingon
measure 26 inches in length; widthto by frequent cultivation of the sur- ; thought that by another year the channel the same general lines now followedby

be as formerly; heads to be 12X face, creating what is called the"earth at Dame's Point will have been his company, and the statements of
E. S. Goodsell, the well-known New
J2xj6 inches. This change was deem- mulch." In all drouths there is a sufficiently deepened to permit the York fruit auctioneer and exporter, whois
ed advisable because of the difficultyin associated with Manager\ Mann in
constant ascent of moisture from the steamers to come up to Jacksonville.These trace
building up a foreign for Florida
heads inch thick.
securing fully an depths of the soil by capillary attrac- steamers are described as! oranges Mr.\ GooJsell's views and the

The Horticultural Society at the Or- tion to the surface, whence it escapes being equipped with ntilating pipes progress already made in providing for

mond meeting voted to the same ef- extending ten feet abo\' the deck and the exportation of oranges direct from
by evaporation and is lost. If the this State next season are given fully in

fect. surface is left solid, each particle of reaching to the bottom ('f the various another column of this issue.
-S.- -- Mr. Mann stated that the first consid-
Plenty of Phosphate.The earth lying close to its neighbor, the holds or between decks. Most of eration should be the establishment of a

Green Cove Spring informs its moisture readily passes from one to them are at the bow of the vessel ; uniform and reliable package. The an-
nual product of the industry has
readers that along one of the creeksof the other and reaches the surface; butif they have wide-spreading funnels at reached a value of several orange millions, and

Clay county the phosphate stratum the particles are kept separated by the top, opening toward the front, yet no reliable brands are known to the
trade. of the
has been pitted for two miles and frequent shallow cultivation, the evap- through which the motion, of the his Every own one ideas in 20,000 putting growersfollows up his

found to be from nine to sixteen feet oration of the sub-soil moisture is re steamer will drive the air down in a fruit, and as a result the purchaser is

in thickness the entire distance. Ol swift current then the entire without a guide or standard by which to
tarded. along
judge of the character of the fruit he
such a deposit a hundred-acre farm An experiment at the Wisconsin length of the hold to the stern, whereit uuys; he must examine every packageor

would overspread tons. To will through other pipes take chances as to grading, sorting
2,400,000 Station demonstrated the fact escape
very sizing, packing, etc., a risk which he
remove this prodigious paring from the clearly. Five strips of land 130 feet leading upward and having funnels makes the grower pay. However thor-

earth's crust would be to slice off about opening to the rear. A thermometerwill oughly each grower may have done the
: long and 12 feet wide were plowed in work according to his own standard, it

all there is of Florida in places above the spring, and two of them lying be- be kept in the hold and a frequent has no uniformity, an essential point if

the level of the record made of the the best price is to be obtained.
ocean. tween the other three were rolled to temperature, The only feasible \vay of accomplishing -

As the surveys and the pitting are firm the surface. The unrolled strips which will be published at the termi this is to pack the fruit in

in various directions nation of the houses centrally situated and operate
spo- were cultivated at frequent intervals voyage. on one system and under one head. Put

radically throughout the State there is during the summer, between May 14 The tiers of boxes will be built up the fruit up under established brands,

revealed an ever-accumulating and with narrow crevices between them guaranteed by a responsible company,
aggre- July keeping them free from
13 and it will bring from 50 cents to 75 cents
gate of individual discoveries and cor- weeds so that: there should be no loss running lengthwise of the steamer to more per box in market.

riches which the the of air and to keep Again, a considerable percentage of
porate stagger imagination of water from any cause except sur- permit passage ; the orange crop now is not fit to be

by their colossal proportionsThe face evaporation, while the uncultivated these crevices open in the lurching of eaten. As is the case with the apple

phosphate fields of Florida beg- strips were kept free of weeds the ship and at the same time hold the crop be utilized, this unmarketable in other ways.surplus There should is

gar the syndicates and baffle the by shaving them off with a sharp hoe tiers} solid, boards will be laid between. !a demand for it in wine, and the peel

would be monopolists by their mere close to the surface. An examinationof This will obviate the necessity of properly value. prepared, has a commercial

vastness. It is beyond human cupidityto the soils under the two kinds of sur- "stripping" and nailing the boxes, as Uniformity in the methods of handlingand

speculate in the atmosphere or to face treatment after the expiration of is sometimes done in carloads. The putting up.and in branding the fruit
cannot accomplished by individual
make a "corner" in the waters of the 49 days showed that the cultivated soil lumber will be sold in England and packing; it can only be done by means

:' Atlantic. "Puts" and "calls" slide contained in the upper six feet at the return cargoes of coal secured.If .- of masking stations.
Continuing, Mr.\ Mann took it for
off as a vacuous and unmeaning impertinence rate of 8.84 Ibs. more water to the desired, the growers will receivean granted that all were impressed with the

when placed upon the square foot of surface than did the advance of $i a box on all fruit importance of obtaining a larger market
uncultivated ground side for our oranges in view of the rapid
measureless creations of geology.Importance lying by accepted for English shipments. A
growth of the industry, and the
Bj side with it. This difference in water "blanket rate"-not to exceed 95
mous increase in the production
of Water.It content is equivalent to a rain-fall of cents a box-will be made to cover ised in the next few years. To providefor prom-

, is water which conveys in solu- 1.7 inches and amounts to 192.5 tons both transportation and all the complicated this he, and those sociated with

tion the food of water per acre, or sufficient to in- red tape charges of English him, had opened up the European mar-
plant to the rootlets of
crease the yield of corn per acre 1,277 seaports which have hitherto botheredthe ket last season, and were laying plans to
vegetation and without water all the largely increase the exporting business
; Ibs. of matter of
dry or 14 per cent a Florida growers somewhat.It this season. It would not do, however,
natural richness of the soil and all the good average yield. iJ needless to add that the estab to depend upon a popular movement




among the growers, each acting for him- much eaten by the bud worm. It wasgrown success, no tail ends, no waste ; sells on Strawberries are in active demand when

self, to furnish at a given time 20,000 in the vicinity of Jacksonville. arrival, everything cleaned up promptly. of good quality, but green or soft berries

boxes for shipment. To accomplish this The grower informed us that lie has always About all oranges in market are Cali- weak. Norfolk sell at 20 to 25c.) per

there must be a company with massing been able to raise a fairly good fornias. Selling well at 3 to $3.50 for quart. North Carolinas show effects of

stations and a larger control of fruit. crop even of sweet corn, if planted by seedlings, $4 Mediterranean\ sweets. rain and drag. A few Floridas still arrive -

The chief speakers were Prof. E. T. :May 20. but receive little trade. New potatoes -

Laine, Col. S. S. Harvey, A. P. Raskin ST. Louis, May 16. arc in fair supply and moving

and E. L. Goodsell, all of whom heartily SAVANNAH, May 17. Oranges-California Kivei ide, 3.25:) to slowly. Californias are inactive. Ber-

endorsed the plan set forth by 31 lr. Mannas 3 50; Florida, brights, 4.00 to 4.50; grape mudas are offering 7 to 7.50 when prime,
3.00 2.50
Oranges-Bright, russet,
the proper and only way out of the I fruit, 1.50 pineapples; crate. 5.00; fruit, fancy, 3.00 to 3.50; pines, fancy, with poorer grades lower. The few in
difficulties which now confront the or- grape ; wouldsell at 2.50 to 3.00 dozen; potatoes from Florida Savannah and Charlestonare
to (tOO bananas, bunch, 1.25:? to 1.50
ange growers in successfully marketingtheir ; ; California 1.10 to 1.20 bushel and
; Southern mostly poor prices!:\ unsteady.
barrel C.OO barrel
potatoes, ; cabbage, ,
This endorsement was subsequently 3.75 4.25 barrel Florida.
crop. to ; tomatces, Sweet potatoes are in light receipt and
2.50 onions crate 2.00 beets barrel
framed into a vote and adoptedby ; ; lar e and ripe, 2.00 to :2.50? ; cukes, fancy, meeting a good demand when fancy.
C.OO tomatoes crate 2.00 cucumbers
the ; ; ,
meeting.A 75c dozen. Bermuda onions are in fair demand and
number stated frankly that when crate, 2.50; celery dozen, .40; eggplants P. M.\ KIELY & Co. selling generally at 1.25 to 1.35 per box.
dozen, 1.25:) beans, crate 3.50
; ,
the President and Manager the Home ; Asparagus in large: supply and weak.
Market" developed his plan of bringing cauliflower, crate, 5.00: strawberries, Carolina
CHICAGO, May 16. Beets quiet. North cabbage at
buyers to the State and selling the fruitat quart, .10; lettuce, barrel 6.00. Oranges-California Navels, choice, 2 to 2.50 per crate.Heavily .
home, they thought it a visionary 3.50 to 4.25:); Florida choice. 2.50-hize, .0.

scheme, but time had demonstrated it to 4.00 to 4.50; pines choice, 8.00 to 10.00; Handicapped.
be a sound business proposition and they CHARLESTON, S. C., May 14. cauliflower Southern choice. 2.00 to Editor: Farmer and Fruit Grower:
Oranges scarce and selling: to 4
were now convinced the buyers were as very 2.50 cucumbers dozen 90 1.00
for to good stock ; to : I think it is a foregone conclusionthat
: pineapples
anxious to come as the growers were to new dry onions Southern, 70 to 80 lb.
the Florida Gazetteer will be
(Havanas) 6 to 6.50, sugar barrel; toma- not
have them. sack, 1.00 to 1.25:) new Cuba,
; potatoes
toes, 2 to 2.50 crate 2.50 to 3 carrier issued be raised
Manager Mann stated that massing per ; : per barrel, fancy, 8.00 to 8.50: California, ; $200,000 cannot ;
stations several had been decided beans for good stock, 2.50() per crate.Have is it neither is Fort
at points 110lb. sacks. 2.75:) to 3.00; Florida, barrel nor necessary ;

upon, that three packing houses Good seen no tomatoes cukes in or demand.eggplants here No. 1, 8.50 to 9.00: No. 2, 7.00 to 8.00: Marion, as a State exhibit, worth the
were already purchased and that arrangements yet. Louisiana .bu. boxes 1.50 barrels
SOUTHERN FRUIT Co. % ; $100,000 of it. Again, 100,000
had been
? perfected mar- 3.00 to 4.00.
ket in Europe the surplus fruit receivedby .- Gazetteers: are too many to distribute -

the Home Market early in the season. :MACON, GA., :May 17. BOSTON VEGETABLE MARKET. or to pay for. One

Oranges, bright, 3.00; russet, 2.75; New cabbages are 3.50 to 4.00 per bar faithful man there might possibly

grape: fruitno demand; bananas, bunch, rel, and caul iflowere 4.00 to 5.00 p dozen select from the passing crowdten
\'l efise 1.50 potatoes bbl., 0 to 7 beets, bbl., 2
JVEari] ; ; ; flowers. Both these an- Southern prod- people per hour, ten hours per
tomatoes crate, 2; beans, crate, 2; straw- ucts. Native lettuce sells at 50 to 75
hundred with whomhe
... berries lOc. day, one per day,
cents per dozen, and .a few ,'eryextra
:MACON\ PRODUCE ExCH '; could talk Florida, secure their ad-
JACKSONVILLE, FLA., May 18. OE. large heads bring more. Spinach is 50

FRUITS AND VEGETABLES.Corrected to (GO cents a box, with dandelions at 40 dresses and mail them books, and

CALIFORNIA FRUITS. to 50 cents, Green peas are 1.75:) to 2.00 have something tangible-an addressof

[ to date by Marx Bros.] The last issue of the Fruit Grower says: per crate and string beans are 5.00 per a party interested in Florida, worthat
These are average quotations. Extra choice There is a very large stock of poor qual- alf-barrel crate.
least $i on the to the
lots fetch prices above top quotations while average
poor ity oranges and frozen lemons on the Celery is not in market just now, and

lots sell lower. market, selling for almost anything they either the round or long radish can be State.
Oranges, bright .f 3.00103.50 sold 60 Now books as
will bring, buyers making their own at 50 to cents a dozen bunches. 25,000 are manyas
to russet........................ 3.00103.50
Indian River................ 3.00104.00 prices. Reports are more or less conflicting Southern tomatoes are 2.00 to 2.50 per can be used to advantage in this
Lemons,Fla........................... 2.00103.00 ,: and contradictory regarding the crate, and hothouse natives are 20 to 25:; and need
Messina.._......... ......... 3.25 frosts the fruit Cucumbers way, not cost over $5,000at
Limes 100............ ................. .50 damage by to crops cents a pound. are very most.
Grape fruit, barrel.................... 3.00104x0 throughout the interior. It must be admitted large and fine and sell at 6.00 to 7.00 per
.. box .................. 2.25 that in many sections the damagehas hundred. Bunches of salsify sell at 1.25 It would be a capital idea to issue

Pineapples,crate. 5.00 been quite heavy, while in others dozen. Native' bring 1.75 of our excellent Florida State
Bananas, bunch............ ........... 1.25 to 1.75 per asparagus 25,000
Apples, barrel......................... 3-50103.75 fruit has escaped with slight damage. It per dozen bunches, and the Southern is Horticultural Society's report of the
Potatoes, new. barrel................ 300104.00 is too early to state accurately what from 1.00 to 2.00 per dozen, according to which would be
sweet bushel...... .......... .50 damage really has been done. The Stateis I size of the stalk and size of the bunch. last meeting, the
Florida cabbage good demand, bbl.. 1.50 to 2.00 most important possible book to placein
Onions, crate.....,.................... i.ooto 1.25 very large and there are thousands of Water cress is 40 to 45 cents per dozen
Turnips, barrel........................ 1.50 acres of new orchards coming into bearing bunches. New potatoes from the Southern the hands of intending immigrants,
Beets ................ ....... 2.25 each year; hence, a failure of the States sell for 6.00 to 7.00, and a bar- combining as it does the reports, answers
Carrots, ..... ............. ...... 2.50
Parsnips, .......... .............. 2.50 California fruit crop is next to impossible rel from Bermuda at 8.50 to 9.00. No to knotty questions from 200 of
Radishes, dozen....... .......... ...... .40 ; but, that the crop cf 1892 will be Tennessee sweet potatoes are coming in successful
Cucumbers crate.................. ..2.oot0250 comparatively short cannot be contra- and Jerseys are nearly gone. If a few our most growers, and,
Celery ........ ............... .50 to .60 dicted. Close observers that could be found would therefore, 200 times as comprehensiveas
Pants ..... .. predict good ones prices
Egg ,each .. .. ..... .10 to.12}{ I
Beans,crate.......... ................. 75 to i.oo while the quantity will be greatly reduced be higher than last week.-American. a book written by one man.
Peas crate.. ....... ............ ...... 1.00101.50 the fruit will be much larger Cultivator, May\ 14. It will be an matter to sell advertis'ng
Strawberries .......................... .07 to .10 finer and in better in easy -
Cauliflower............................ 1.00 to 2.00 every way quality pages enough to pay for sucha
Tomatoes.............................. 1.00 to 1.50 than last year. It seems to be the universal NEW YORK. May 14. book but better
Peaches ..... ............. 2.50103.50 determination among growers to ; yet, let us haveno
Native Plums,qt. .................'.... .10 sell their fruit green this season, if pos- Strawberries, Charleston, 20 to SOc.; advertisements and it will be prizedthe

POULTRY AND EGGS.I sible. The high prices for dried fruit in North Carolina and Norfolk, 15 to 20c.; more. Five thousand dollars can

Hens....... ..........................$ .40 to .45 1890 caused) a grand rush, and the result string bean, Savannah, 1.75:) to 2.25:); be easily raised by subscription when
Roosters............... .............. .30 to .35 was a very large output of dried fruit in Florida, l.CO to 2.00; tomatoes, carriers,
Broilers...................... .... .25 to .30 1)1) resulting in low prices and loss to 1.25 to 1.75:); crates: 1.00 to 1.50; beets, $200,000 will be minus.
I Turkeys.............................. i.ooto 1.25 Savannah 2.50) to :3.00; Florida, 1.50 to Again let us devote our energies to
Ducks...................... ........... .45 to .60 growers. The outlook at present is for ,
Geese................................. 50 to .75 better prices for green fruit a very much 2.25; North Carolina 1.75 to 2.50; cucum- an exhibit of Florida products, plants,
Eggs................................. .15 smaller output of dried fruit than last bers' 2.00 to :3.00; peas Virginia, baskets !rees, etc., in the Horticultural build-
JACKSONVILLE MARKET NOTES. season and better prices all around. 1.75:) to 2.00; }lz bbl crates, 1.50 to 2.00;
thirds 75c. to 1.25; ; lettuce, 1.00 to 2.00; ing, rather than putting so vast a sum
Oranges are about done; they have : into State that will be visited
CLEVELAND 0. 12. squash, 1.00 to 1.25.:; a building, -
reached that pitch of demand where May
there is no longer any discrimination in Strawberries rule the roost at present ; by comparatively except residents -

price made between brights and russets.A we have them from Tennessee per fast of the State, who naturally
A telegram from Liverpool under date
paragraph in a State paper says thata freight, in good condition, at a cost of of May\ 6 that the Majestic broughta gravitate to the State building. It is
:Mr. Holden of Orlando has 100 boxes 2Gc. the
per 24-quart crate; express large consignment of California fresh the outside people we wish to reach
yet on the trees, which blossomed last charge 85c.; and generally get them
fruit that seemed to take the market by that will pass through the Horticultural -
August. If so, they will fetch good worthless. The express makes better
surprise. The majority of the consign- **
prices. Peento peaches and some Peento time, but did you ever see express peo-
ment will be sent to London by special
in fair supply now sellingat transfer half of berries at .
seedlings are ple a car a
train and sold on Saturday.-Fruit Trade :
15 cents a dozen. They are small, small station short of help, trains late?- Journal. Mr. J. P. Heermanclosed a deal

the drouth and not well colored it is wonderful how and
owing to quickly ten- This "fresh fruit" must be no with Philadelphia parties last week by
but of fairly good flavor. Straw- derly they do it. other is ripe yet in any quantity. which he disposed of 135 acres of
berries are in more active demand ; the New Orleans onions 3.50 per bbl; cabbage -
drouth has curtailed the supply. A few from Mobile Louisiana Mississippi pineapple land, the same being a por-

cases were.received from Fort Valley, 3.50; California new potatoes 1.25 per NEW York, May 17. tion of the old Heerman place near

Ga., large, fine fruit, much sweeter than bushel, 60 lbs by weight: New Orleans, Cucumbers, 2 to 3 per crate; cabbage, Eden. The consideration was$15,000.

the Florida berries, and sold readily at 3.50 per bbl., 180 lbs.: Bermuda 9 per 1 to 1.50 per bbl.; beans (by express), 1.25 -Flori la Star.

10 cents. Choice Floridas would still bbl. Peas, half barrel baskets $ .50; for to 1.50-too late to ship by freight; toma-

bring that price here. There is a dropin a4: bu. boxes $2. Beans $2.25 for green, toes, 1 to 2 per crate.

vegetables. Supplies from Georgiaand $3 for wax. Bananas are depressed on R1SDMPT1ON1
the Carolinas going North, have account of strawberries. Pineapples in NEW YORK. May 16.

crowded out the Florida vegetables and large supply, dealers all surprised at popularity Pines are now coming in freely, and I have a positive rcnody for the above disease;by itt
these have begun to come into Jackson- of this fruit. It elbows the under the liberal receipts prices are hold- asethonsundsof: case cf the wont klad and of long

ville in greater quantities than this lim- strawberry for place in public favor. ing up well. Choice Havanas bring 8 to .'iadng hare been creeL Indeed BQ strong I is my fait

ited market requires.: The first green Sales are enormous compared to other 10 per 100, and other grades range from ia VALUABLE its e.3ci: ar. that:THE I wJl AXIS send E on TWO thi BOTTLE*disease nEE to ,vnb niferer

corn was received May 17, selling at 50 years. Think we must credit the auc- 4 to 7. :Florida oranges are in limited who will! sen l mo their Ex proas and P.O.addma.anr -

cents a dozen. Ears small and short and tion system of selling pines with a grand supply and values are largely nominal. T. A. Slocuu, 31. C., 183 Pearl St., N. Y.



I Ii
Our ever seen. It is beautiful and gorgeous i When hatched the small shadare to experimental, will be subject to a fee.
Y oun Foll\s.
beyond conception, and made me thinkof be placed in the Halifax, Suwanneeand Animals having had the "big head or
the Arabian and Aladdin'swonderful I'
"" Nights Indian rivers, one-third to each. rickets" are wanted for examinationand
A Georgian in Tampa.But lamp. I wouldn't put up stream. Those for the Suwannee and I .
there for pay. I would be afraid that I I
I am now here in Tampa. the would do break Halifax rivers to be in
something wrong or are placed cans the home of the
is certainly
thriving, growing city of the Gulf. I
misbehave, that the
something or or and shipped to New Bradford and
have heard of Tampa nearly all my life I lords and the ladies would look at me grape. No cases of blight or mildeware
Richard Henry Wild who wrote so and wonder where I came from. My\ Daytona respectively, and the car heard of, all the vines looking remarkably -

sweetly' and so sadly in his poem, goad friend, Mr. 3I Fall, chaperoned mall will then proceed to Titusville.Mr. vigorous and yielding enor-

of My life is like the summer rose"speaks over it and I looked and wondered, Joseph Leinhart, of Oviedo, mous quantities of fruit. Mr. F. L.
but I wouldn't have i it
"Tampa's desert strand," gone through has, in a very tangible way, shown Garfield has purchased the Walters'
alone for dollars. I would be
ten Why
and that unfavorable im- ,
me an
gave the of Florida soil.
pression. Later on Frank Colliding afraid to eat at the table, or sleep in the productiveness place, a valuable farm near town, and
Within the last six months he has sold I
wrote "The Young Marooners," and beds, or snore or sneeze or blow my nose. proposes to plant thirty acres in fruit
located Tampa as the place where the I never was born to be a plutocrat or to $307 worth of celery from one-six next winter. He is having what was

devil-fish ran away with the boat and have his hifaluten ways. But it is alright teenth of an acre of bay land, and besides originally known as_ the "Pitts' mill
the children and I didn't like for for rich folks and I like to see them
Tampa has a fine crop of potatoes and pond" cleared ot all fallen timber and
that. But all that must have been some spend their money. These Tampa people -
other Tampa, not this one, for there is say that Florida lives off of sick Yap- corn growing on the same land from brush, and intends converting it intoa

no desert strand nor devil-fish about here I kees in the winter and yam potatoes in which he reasonably expects to realizea fish pond to be stocked with carp

_ now. Old settlers, however, do say that the summer; and that's all right. Thank considerable additional sum of next season.-Bonifay items in Pen-
the young Marooners\ landed about three the good Lord, they can't buy the cli- money, and a good crop of hay later sacola News.
miles below here at Ballast Point, and mate and carry it off.: I haven't seen on.-Orlando .
that the devil-fish used to abound in that nor heard a mosquito yet. I haven' Reporter.A Last Friday, A. M. Patrick broughtto

region. They say, also, that a gentleman been too warm or too cold. It is just local subscriber tells The Spring this office a sample of fine crimson

named De Soto landed here and luxuri- right-just delightful, and all that 1 regret that recently his chickens were greatly I clover. It was from twelve to eighteen

ated on fish and oysters and wild oranges is that my wife and children are not troubled with lice and jiggers, and inches in height and in full bloom.
here to luxuriate with me. I am going
and flirted with the Indian maidens and
still was not happy and went away to fishing to-morrow, and if I catch a tarponI that the pests were so bad that he He has a half acre of this clover whichwas

find "something better." These same will send you a 'cale.-Southern Farm. feared an almost total loss of -his stock grown without a pound of fertilizer. -

old settlers also declare that about sixty of fowls. Other remedies having failedhe The drought has not hurt it in the

years ago a British ship pursued a pirate determined to try the use of sulphur least. Mr.Patrick has also a small patchof

on this coast and run her up into a nar- gtate ears in the food, and the result was Sanfoin clover which in our
row channel in this bay and could not
- most satisfactory. To get rid of miteshe soil about three feet in height needsno
follow her, and during the night the ,
pirates took all their treasure and buried Dr. Hill, of Indtanola, has startedan puts snuff or tobacco dust in the fertilizer and looks as green after

it somewhere in the sand and abandoned alligator farm under and alongside nest of sitting hens and about the the long drought as though there had

their craft and got away. The last of his wharf, and intends to keep next fowl house.-Green Cove Spring.Mr. been plenty of rain. Alfalfa also does
the pirates died a. few years ago in New season a hundred or so on hand all
Orleans and on his death bed told the E. P. Messmore, one of the well here and is one of the coming
the time. He has already about three
priest where the treasure was buried, vegetable growers of Winter Haven, crops of this section.-Milton Clarion.
and they that this coast has been dug dozen collected as a starter.-Florida
say 0 was in town last week and informedus Persons whose veracity can be relied -
for five miles and that folks still Star.
up are
that Winter Haven and Florence upon for the truthfulness of their
digging. I reckon the Yankees were not
here during the war, for I know they Three car loads of vegetables were shipped a carload of tomatoes to Liverpool statements say unhesitatingly that the

would have found it. They found everything shipped from Grand Island yesterday, Eng., last Thursday. A car- water is lower here now than for thirty

we buried in North Georgia. and others will follow to-morrow. The load was sent to the sa ie market the years or longer, and it would be indeeda

This town is rough yet, for it is brand rains of a day or two ago here did in previous week, which, we believe, sad affair for the vast numbers of
new but it has started out right and is
estimable and this coupled with
bound to" be a beautiful city. Its main good, was the first lot of tomatoes ever sent stock to quench their thirst were it not

street is about a hundred feet wide and paying prices means a nice profit this to England from any part of the for the great wealth of Anthony'smany

is paved with cedar blocks and has streetcars season for our good friends on the United States. Florida leads the artesian wells. One has onlyto

that are first-class, and has electric sland.-Lake Region. Union in this important industry, and visit the phosphate mines (and

there lights,are and new the stores buildings are splendid going up, and all Vital statistics of Orange county Polk county leads Florida.-Bartow other wells around Anthony) to see

about and a fifty thousand-dollar court- April, 1892: Estimated population, Courier.Dr. scores of cattle drinking to their hearts'

house. The Cuban part of the town is 18,000; deaths, 7; i to 2,571. Causesof Bitting, the veterinary surgeonof content water from nearly a dozen

called Ybor city (pronounced Ebo) and death, entero-colitis, i; apoplexy, i; the Florida Experiment Station, wells, running in great streams. This

their whom population are in the cigar is about business.4,000, all Thereare of meningitis, i; heart disease, i; peri- recently visited Tallahassee to conduct water comes from wells reaching far

four immense factories with about tonitis, i; paralysis, i; dropsy, i. some experimental work, and we find below the level of the ocean.-An-

500 workmen in each. It is the funniest Marriages, 12; 7 white, 5 colored. in the Lake City Reporter the following thony items in Free Press.

place to go to I ever saw. There is a little Births, 19; 13 white, 6 colored.A notice: The Veterinarian of the

pulpit in the center of the great big schooner load of homesteaders desires call the
Agricultural College to I
long room and up there is an educated I CURE FITS !
Cuban reading the daily news to the bound tar Biscayne Bay are at Jupiter attention of the farmers of the vicinityto
workmen. All listen while he reads! in a inlet, having waited there for several the fact that free( work in operating When I aay cure I do not mean merely to stop them
for a time and then hare them! return cin. I mean a
clear, distinct, musical voice, and ever days for fair wind and weather. The surgery will be given at the college radical cure. I hare made the d.....of FITS. EPILEPSY
and anon they make known their appreciation tide of homeseekers still keeps up and Monday 10 o'clock.Ve will or FALLING SICKNESS life-long study. I
as something strikes them that every warrant ray remedy to care the wont caws.: eeaaMothers
they approve or disapprove. But they the vacant lands are being rapidly be glad to receive any animal needing hire filled is no reason for not now reeeiring a

don't stop their work a moment. This taken up by industrious, earnest, desirable treatment at that time. Hereafter all say cure.infallible Send at remedy.once for Giro a treatise Express and and a Free Port BottI.Office.of

reader gets four dollars a day and it settlers.-Tropical Sun. I work done away from the college, not II. G. ROOT HI. C., 183 Pearl Su. V. Y.
comes out of tho workmen's wages. It
There is more work being done in
is their schooling, their education, and
the result is that these Cubans are well the bay at present than at any time

posted: on politics, and religion, and sci- during the present season. A large PAR E S S (CONSUMPTION OF THE BRAIN) 1

ence, and history. There is no Georgia sum of money was paid to the bay-

cracker about them. The women do the men Saturday evening, and it was said can certainly be cured by only oriu uuu,; u i .,..Iy : l'it01P. PUSLTS Ircatdl.scovery,
nicest cleanest work about the
business, but they have no reader and yesterday that stevedores had difficultyin

they say that the reason is they preferto procuring a sufficient amount of PAINE'S CELERY COMPOUND.Saved
talk. Some of them are quite pretty skilled labor to do the work on hand. .

and some awful homely and they are of This is a very satisfactory state. of From tho Insana Asylum. Dear &>.:-! feel itmy duty to tell you
all colors from the Anglo-Saxon pink affairs and indicates a busy and pros. what Paine's Celery Compound did for me 1 can't oraLse it enough. About a year ago my
cheeks to the dark mulatto. I saw some head troubled me sa: that it seemed as thorny I should be crazy. It was caused b f over-
wealthy Cuban ladies at the Tampa Bay >eruiis summer for the port.Pensacola study. I asked the advice of two doctor, \\ho pave me medicine to no effect and I did not
Hotel, and they were stylish, beautifuland News. know what I woulldo. I well mannered. had a tired, languid feclinjr my kidneys troubled mc, and I felt badly. I read your advertisement
The United States Fish Commissioncar in a paper and t''> tight I would try the. comrxmnd. .Kcforc 1 had taken half of one
has its "oi and its
Every race polloi" recommend it to all
bottle I felt like a new per o.u Four LottiCi cmed me and I would
"aristoi," as the scholars Sc.1Its first one of the three engaged in this that feel the way I did. Yours trul/, JIfcs. J. E. WILCOX, Rural P. O.,Wis.
class and second class. As my dar- service, is now in Palatka, engaged in
key Bob said, when he had served his hatching shad It was sent to Physicians Prescribe It. /Var S'rr:-l am mnch pleaded with the action ofPaine
eggs. down from
8 Celery Compound In those cases where the ncrvona system was
sentence convict "dar is

as a
peo- Palatka on account of the pure, soft 07er-work of mind or body. I have seen particularly pood results where the patient had
ple and bad people everywhar; dar is water furnished by the hydrants of lost all ambition, no appetite, constipated, could n ,t lwp nIhtelc.: Three or four caves
some folks in de penitentiary jes as mean I have ob-
of weak emaciated, hysterical females, have: been cured with the Compound.
as folks outen dar." that city, and which is necessary in served that it quiets excitable: nerves, gives patients b'tti>r rest Increases appetite regulates
Fifteen thousand dollars a week is paidto hatching fish eggs. 2,500,000 shad bowels,and is a good remedy to build up blokcn- own caste generally. Yours truly
these cigar makers, and it is all spent in of incubationin R. C. EJ EBTOX, M. D., Alton, DL
right here, and keeps things luelThen eggs are now process It is sold by an reliable drnggiits. WELLS, EIcnAEDfON: : CO., Props.: ,Burllcgton.Vt.Beware .
tanks and
there is the wonderful Plant Hotel, the the glass compartmentswhich
most magnificent structure that I have extend the length of the car. of worthless imitations of DIAMOND DYrS.

x .

1 r


------ .

\ | odd to me, and we informed him that be done in a tin or iron pot, the tannin though my life has been passed among
Our I\uI'al )Jiome: I[ the Florida lime, then, ought to meet attacks the metal and makes the liquid smokers. Accidents to the heart are
Certain doctors
the demand exactly. I black. much more frequent.
S. W. CARSON. -Never let the tea stand except in a even pretend that a quarter of the
The Florida Lemon and Lime ic Q tightly closed porcelain pot. Standing smokers show irregularities in the
Cookery. The Best Mosquito Remedy.Mr. changes it from a delicious, who'esomtbeverage heart beats and pulse. I do not know

Our esteemed correspondent, Mr. C H. Russel, of Bridgeport, into an ill-tasting and bitter where their observations have been
S. W. Carson, of Polk county, relatesa Conn has recently communicated to liquor. Better make it in small quan- gathered, for I have never seen such a
conversation that occurred betweenhis us the following interesting fact: Avery tities, and make it often. In summer thing.-Jules Rochard in Revue des

wife and a relative as to the comparative f high tide recently broke away the sip the tea boiling hot, with a slice of Deux Mondes. .
value of the lemon, lime and I dike and flooded, the salt meadows of previously peeled lemon, or, nicer -
pomelo for use in raising biscuit. The ,. Stratford, Conn. The receding tide left still, of orange without the rind, To Cook a Young Ohioken.
lakes side by side of the in it. Scalding water is too hot for young
conclusion to which the ladies arrived, two nearly floating
after a full comparison of notes, was same size. In one lake the tide left a Beware of green tea It is the un- chickens. Put in a pint of cold waterto
dozen small fishes while the and bears the relationto half a gallon of hot. When scald-
that the lime is much the better for or more ripe same
this purpose. No doubt many of our other one was fishless. A recent examination the real article that the green doesto ed, pick the chicken clean, taking off
lady readers would be pleased to learn showed that while the fishless the ripe peach. The green tea of all the pin feathers. Put it in a pan
from Mrs. Carson precisely how she lake contained tens of thousandsof commerce derives its color from being of cold water and wash off what feathers -
:' larvae, that containing the cured rather killed on dirty remain; then hold it over the flames
used this fruit for the purpose men- mosquito or copper
tioned, for we venture the assertion fishes had in it no larvae. An English pans, from being mixed with weeds and scorch off the hairs. When readyto
.that there are a good many excellent gentleman living on the Riviera, ac- and shrubs, from being stained with fry, put in the pan two spoonfuls of
housekeepers in Florida who never cording to a correspondent of Nature, indigo and chrome yellow, from being lard and one spoonful of butter.
saw this done. having been troubled by mosquitoes, colored with verdigris, grass juice or When hot, have the chicken cut up
Our correspondent adds: Comingin discovered that they bred in the large chlorophyll.-From Consul Bedloe's and well drained; salt and pepper, and
tanks for the of storing the State roll the pieces in flour, and brown
from my work the other day, they kept purpose Report to Department.
handed me a sample of the lemon fresh water, which is rather a rare I 9 t them well on both sides, being carefulnot
peel and inside minus the juice made commodity at Mediterranean re-, Drainage is Necessary.If to burn them. Cover tightly, and
He of in each Florida wishes to retain her pop. place on the back of the stove, with a
h, into preserves; and when I had tastedit sort. put a pair carp
fairly I gave it the praise above tank and succeeded in this way in ex ularity as a winter resort, not to say very little water, to steam a few min-
f anything I know in the preserve line, tirpating the insect pest. The utiliza-- take proper care of her own permanent utes. Have ready one pint of creamor
in this is old the municipalities of milk, in which one spoonful of flour
and this has been the decision of tion of fish way an suggestion population
others who have tested theirs. and a very practical one under Florida must do all in their power to has been smoothly mixed. Take out
circumstances. healthy conditions. Sanitary the chicken and put the pan over the
some Many people secure
One of the praiseworthy items in suffer from the mosquito plague when neglect is reckless, suicidal folly. fire. Stir in the milk and flour, and
is the material
this preserve matter the insect breeds in a circumscribedand We do not intend to impute blame this makes good gravy.
needs no soaking out to remove the
easily accessible place, and whereit where blame should not lie, and there r.rFor
bitter, as no bitter is there to extract; Nervous Diseases
could be destroved. by some such may be many excuses and explanations -
there is nothing to do but to slice .
so Ue Horsford'a Acid PhoRphate.Dr.
method as that used by the levelheaded but it would be far better to
up, boil tender, pour ofT the water, Englishmen.-Insect Life. b so right that blame could not lie F. G. KELLY, Alderton, W. T.,
prepare and pour on the syrup while .., --. and excuses were not needed.It says : "I have prescribed it in a large
very hot and your preserves are readyfor Cure for Snake Bites. is a terrible blow to the prosper number of cases of restlessness at

the table. Men should never travel in countries ity of a winter resort to have any seri--. night, and nervous diseases generally,
As to the uses of the juice first ex where snakes abound without ous and well founded criticism of its and also in cases of indigestion caused
tracted, if pies are desirable it is readyfor having with them a hypodermic syringe sanitary condition !sent abroad. Whena by lack of sufficient gastric juice of
use and makes a pie of superior (which can go in the waistcoat pocket) great New York daily heads a col the stomach, with marked success, and
quality. My son had a few boxes of and some permanganate of potash in umn with broad, black letters "Caught consider it one of the best remedies
these lemons shipped to Cincinnatilate crystals, to be obtained from anychemist Florida Typhoid," and tells how a known to the professional world." .

last fall and the report of the which, dissolved in a little daughter of John E. Parsons, a lead- ---tee .
salesman was, that of the whole bottle of water, can be instantly injected ing New York attorney, went home to I stopped some boys to day from
amount sold in the market for that into the wound and the man is die, and how Mrs. Park, of Park & ailing dragon flies, commonly called
day, his excelled by one dollar on the saved. Tilford, died of typhoid fever in St. mosquito hawks (Libellulidce), telling
box. As so many have remarked that All South Americ bs carry this Augustine, and how three others all them they little knew the harm they
the lemons raised in Florida were too remedy, and it is getting known in at the Cordova were ill of the same were doing in destroying them. This
bitter and much inferior to the foreign the North, and is a perfect antidotefor disease, when such things go abroad, insect is a voracious feeder on gnats
varieties, we, like many others, have all American snakes. Of course It is time our municipalities inquiredinto and mosquitoes, and when it is known
been discouraged, but the deception is brandy should be taken also to the causes and foundation, and that it takes two years for them to develop -
fast playing out. My wife handed an strengthen the action of the heart. : took strong steps to secure proper from their larvae condition, their
intelligent Northern lady a couple I The only snake bites it will not cure I II ,conditions, both for themselves at value should be more appreciated.].
yesterday, when she remarked, "Why, I are those of the cobra and puff adder, large and for the great caravansaries M. MAYO, in Ocala Banner.
these are just like our lemons we get I which are not met in America. It in their midst.-Free Press. .
in the North and I am going to take would be well for our readers to paste I Don't fool with IndifcesUon. Take BEECIIAM'S .
these home and have one more good I this up for reference.-London Field. Inveterate Smokers are Dyspeptics. PILLS.
lemon pie." The truth is, the idea 0-4 .
that South Florida lemons of the good To Make Tea. Nearly all smokers who are invet- 1 The
varieties are inferior to the foreign I The delicate leaf of tea should erate in the habit: are dyspeptics,
varieties, is a wild imagination, with a never touch metal. It should be keptin which is explained by the fact of an Last :!'
very good measure of selfishness at the paper, wood, glass or porcelain. overabundance of saliva, the diminution -
bottom of it. Too.many who advo. I To make it, put a small quantity in a I of gastric juices and a stoppageof I
catc such are off the same bolt as the I porcelain cup, fill the latter with boil- the ordinary functions of the stom Drop
Ohio doctor who ate scuppernong ing water, cover it with a porcelainsaucer ach. But in the addition to the accidents -
grapes in my vineyard the third time and let it stand three minutes. of digestion there are others I Is as good as the

before he could consent to lay down Then, if you desire to be an epicure, which visit the lungs and the hearts first. No dregs.
his prejudices and confess that they drink only the upper layer of the !; of smokers. Pharyngeal troubles are vhole-
All and
w ere as good flavored as any he ever golden liquid, throw the rest away, I very common with people who smoke : pure
\ .
tasted "up North." rinse the cup, and begin drawing, de I jto excess. Irritation of the throat I some. The most

Last: evening the lady before alluded novo. Never use sugar any more than i often communicates itself to the larynx popular drink of the day.:
to from New York State remarked at you would sweeten Chambertin or ; and a dry, hacking cough
once, on tasting a cut of lemon pie, pour molasses into Mumm's extra dry. I jquently follows. Others experience Root
"Why, thjs reminds me of the pies Do not use milk. It ruins the flavorof 'j at night a passing depression if they Hire5'
made from our Northern lemons, and tea and the combination injures the (I have smoked too much during the Beer.

is just as good." A gentleman from stomach. day.:
another State North said in my hearing i Above all things do not boil tea. | A certain kind of asthma has also A perfect thirst quencher.Don't .
yesterday that the Florida lemon' The heat drives off the perfume spoils j been noticed, caused by the abuse of I of larger be profit deceived tells if a yon dealer! some for other the kindis tai:
was not sufficiently acid for the North. the flavor and extracts the tannin, the tobacco; but this, I am certain, is I "just as goof"- false. No lmiuti. .
for I have met it bas good as the genuine Him', *J _
ern markets. This seemed a little I astringent principle. If the boiling quite rare, never I



HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY. good for certain uses, such as Wild REPORT OF TIlE COMMITTEE: ON OK- ing dates are undoubtedly Phoenix

Goose, May Haw, Hog plum, etc. NA3IENTAL PLANTS. Sylvcstris (the wild date of India), and
[Continued from page 397.1there ] Your committee has not been ableto
Sixth and Seventh-The huckleberry P. canxriensis, or Canary Island date.
is no chance for argument, and learn of novelties introduced
and blueberry fruit in abundance at any Both are hardy and grow at least
that is what we are here for.. since last but
our meeting
certain and with rich milk twice fast the date
places, as as common ,
First-I will mention the wild
or will offer short of the
brown bread and cheese, what is bet- a summary while the Canary Island species ultimately
ange. But is it indigenous to our which best
plants seem adapted to certain attains dimensions
State ter ? high spec-
parts of the State. imens known with trunk
wonderful four
Eighth-The most sightof being
We supposed that the question was Beginning with the Rose, the acknowledged -
berries I have half feet in diameter and of
ever seen was a a spread
settled that it is not having been
of flowers
we note
of dewberries the bank of queen feet.Several.
acre ; near a thirty
brought here by the Spaniards, but their ease of cultivation in the clay
creek, clay land, two feet above wa of the lower
now a gentleman rises up and claimsto 'soils of Middle\ Florida and the difficulty growing spe-
ter. The land had been cleared of cies bs used as hedge plants they
prove that when Ponce de Leon we find in growing them satis may ;
first landed on our shores he found palmetto trees the year before, the in sucker freely from the base and the
factorily our sandy land.
logs piled and the ground turned over. leaf stalks will become interlaced .
spiry so
the growing wild in our ham-
orange The best bed of roses we have seen
The next year log piles and groundwere and interlocked the
mocks. as to defy
in South Florida were in the groundsof
covered with cf vines
a mass of than
Strange things are being passage any creature larger a
proven the Tampa Bay Hotel where the
and the vines black with fruit bushels
; less than
It is claimed mouse or strong an elephant.
now-a-days. even that soil was specially prepared by bring
were carried away and bushels rottedon A Florida back to whom the
razor ,
the Garden of Eden was located in ing carloads of clay from Pemberton
the vines. No doubt the dewberry
fiercest barb fence affords
merely a
Yucatan, and that civilization moved
Ferry, and mixing with this a large
could be cultivated with
eastward, and that the ruins of Egyptare profit; we proportion of muck. The pleasant back scratcher, will give a
have for it. swamp
of late date. Is it not possiblethat no room growth of these roe bushes was strong wide scope to a well grown dwarf date

Florida was once a portion of the Ninth-The wild gooseberry growson and sturdy and their bloom most hedge.
great continent Atlantis, extendingacross bushes six feet high, fruit blue, size abundant and satisfactory all winter. There are two types of cocos avail

the ocean to within sight of the of small cranberry. On sandy land, especially if high able in the latitude of Orange and

Gates of Hercules (Gibraltar), and Tenth-The wild cherry, bark of and dry, success is much more certainif Volusia counties. One, which we

that the orange was carried from tree good for bitters; fruit makes a the roses are budded in stronger may call the cocos plumosa section,

Florida to the 1lediterraneanVe "lively" whisky,; never tried it (the growing stocks; and the Cherokeerose have tall plumy heads, reminding me

hope so, and yet why should we whisky). is specially recommended for this of the royal palm, and naked, ringed

care ? Eleventh-Prickly pear: Ah! hahdle purpose. A native rose found grow. trunks, the leaf stalks dropping off "

The wild orange trees found in our me gently with kid gloves on, and I ing wild along the Ocklawaha river when old, as they do in the true co-

hammock have been very valuable to will make you delicious jim and jelly; has been used to some extent, but is coanut.
our State. At the beginning of the the color is. worth the price. exceedingly troublesome from its suck- These palms will need a naturally

orange industry the wild trees were Twelfth The gopher apple: Well, ering habit. The Banksia roses have protected situation if grown much
sawed off two or three feet above the I should not go far after it.ThirteenthElderberry. also been used as stocks with excel. north of latitude 29, but are admir

ground, the stump transplanted to makes fine lent results; they seem perfectly adapt able for town and city door-yards and

newly cleared land, sprouts st rted wine and delicious pies, if you like ed to our sandy land and grow with a such places where frost is less severe

and was budded to sweet fruit. them and have nothing better to use. vigor almost or quite equal to that of than in the open country. The largest -
It is said that some contractors for Fourteenth-The wild grape is goodif the Cherokee. tree of this sort known to me is in

planting new groves when they were you can: persuade the birds, the Wherever our native white azalea: the Belair grove at Sanford. It en-
short of a few trees, would saw off a coon and 'possum to allow them to is found growing wild there is every dured the freeze of 1886, only losingits

portion of the longest stumps, drive ripen and divide with you; but why reason to think that the cultivated leaves, and is now about 25 feet
them into the ground in place of trees, should you tear your clothes in the azaleas will succeed. Azalea Judith,

and thus fill in the spaces. The wild scrub trying to get something not one- the species most commonly grown in high.The other group of cocos is also
groves were very prolific in stock; for half as good as have in abundanceon
you greenhouses, would need a sheltered represented by large specimens at
. instrnceMessrs. Reed, Knox Deed, your own trellis? place, though it is nearly as hardy as Belair. It retains its bootjack, like

eight miles above here, purchasedland Fifteenth-The fruit of the Spanish the orange' ;; but the so-called Ghent the palmetto, and its leaves are grace-

including fifteen acres of wild bayonet is beautiful to look upon, and azaleas are entirely hardy and for fully arched and tapered, but stiffer
orange trees. They cut off the trees no doubt good to eat if you like it. weeks in spring are covered with and more formal than those of the

and budded of them them, then trausplated until a Sixteenth-Last, but not least, is great blossoms that almost hide the : other section. They are as hardy as
portion to new ground, Th have of the cabbage palmetto and afford a
had of the saw or scrub palmetto berry (Scr- plants. y a great range
they a grove the wild over---i- cnoa Scrniltita). Fruit about the size color from white through purple and pleasing variety in size and color,

acres have, including doubt the grove had furnish.; and I of an olive fruit, stem and branches yellow to deep crimson and scarlet, some not attaining greater size than
no grove and are fragrant and easily the saw palmetto, and furnishing a
ed for from six inches to one foot long, from grownif ..
their stumps .fifty acres previous to twenty to sixty berries on a stem;; when the soil and moisture is suitable. fragrant, pulpy, plum-like fruit, while
purchase.The ripe deep glossy black; when very ripea Lime in any form is fatal to them, so : others tower up into lofty trees. The
wild orange makes an excellent rich oozes out through the they are worthless in shell hammocksoil. color varies in different species from
wine, and I have no doubt that with skin, and the honey bees testify to the My best plants are growing ina deep green to as silvery a tint as is
in a few years the fruit will be cultivated goodness thereof. The birds, bear, drained muck bed fully exposed to seen in the east coast variety of the

for that and other purposes. coon and 'possum fatten on the fruit; the sun. saw palmetto so well represented
We think the juice for an ade superior and the season for gathering is short.It While the common double pink about Ormonch
to the lemon. The juice, with a is said that made from the oleander is perhaps the best of all the In the extreme south, where the
portion of the rind, makes the famous fruit has wonderful curative propertiesfor oleanders, there are many improved cocoanut flounshes, much more mightbe

Dundee or Scotch marmalade. Large: all pulmonary diseases. Did you varieties that ought to be more widely done with palms than has yet been

, quantities of the wild oranges are ever eat one? Try one. Oh! send cultivated. The colors range from attempted. The red Latanias, together
yearly imported into Scotland, made for the doctor; never mind, he has deep purple crimson to the palest blue. with area lu/tsuns, with its clus-
into Dundee marmalade and exportedto caught his breath. Some people say Some of the light pink single varieties ters of golden yellow trunks and

the United States. they are passionately fond of this fruit have very large flowers of the most feathery plumes, would contrast mag-
Ladies of Florida, why do you let we do not admire their taste. We are; exquisite shades, and there are several nificently with the intense green of
them do it ? The' fruit i3 also valu- tempted to bottle some of the shades of yellow and salmon which the South Pacific curly palm and

able to nurserymen for the large number ones, label them "Florida olives green," contrast well with the others. other kentias. The species mentionedare

of seed it contains (from twentyto send them to Boston and get square When several varieties are planted all comparatively hardy and grow

sixty), producing the hardiest of with the fellows that made the wooden close together so that the branches in- in this county if accorded some arti.
stock, upon which to bud any of the nutmegs.If termingle, we have the effect of an ficial protection during the coMest

citrus fruits. I were allowed to include in my immense bouquet. Nothing can surpass winter nights.
Second-The wild persimmon : An list the natural food products of our the oleander as an ornamental Orchids will well repay anyone

excellent fruit when ripened by the State, what State in the Union could hedge plant, and there is no reason who will take the trouble to water

frost, and I am pleased-no, sorryto compare with us. for was rot the whole why Florida should not be as celebrated them at proper times and protect
say it has ripened in many parts of power of the United States used in as Bermuda for oleander hedge.In them from actual frost in winter.

Florida within the past few years. waging war against the Seminoles in ornamental planting we cannot Most orchids rest during the winter

The wild persimmon as a stock upon our State? And it is said that during dispense with palms, and we have a ; and should be kept almost, but not

which to graft the Kaki or improved that time they subsisted entirely on the large choice among the allies of the : quite dry, even though in full bloom.

varieties of persimmon is invaluable. natural products of the land.C. date and the hardy relatives of the co. : With the oncoming of spring the new

Third, Fourth and FifthThereare A. BACOX. coanut, native of temperate South fleshy roots appear and then they
quite a number of wild plums, Ormond,Fla. II America. The best of the tall grow- must have water and plenty of it, at



east once a day, and they are all the Crinum pcdunculatum, with its immense to have been made with no visible f tion. This fact is plainly shown by
better for it if watered twice. bulb and spidery white flowers, weapon of defence. But approach it taking a thermometer hanging up under -
The best possible material for pot- and the dwarf but hardy and large on the leeward side, and rustle a little, a porch, noting its record, and
ting is* the roots of our wild ferns, flowered C. ca ense. and you will soon wish you weren't then laving it face up on the ground.Do .
especially the Osmundas or Cinnamon Crinums are easily hybridized, andI there. The intolerable stench it emits this on a perfectly clear night and
\ ferns common in our moister ham recommend those among you who equals asafcetida, carbolic acid and again on a cloudy night, and note the
mocks and around muck beds. A have the necessary patience to wait bisulphide of carbon combined. difference in the fall, when laid face
large fern of this kind will often three years for the flowers from the These the darkies call the devil horse.
have a mass of roots around its seed to try hybridizing in their own Il the last part of this name is questionable up.The outcome of these observationswas
base nearly as large as a bushel bas- gardens.All the first part will alwaysseem the conviction that to raise cucumbers -
ket. Cut off these black fibres, shakeout of which is respectfully submit- appropriate to a devotional soul. I a slight shelter would be
the earth and sand from them and ted. * One of the most remarkable absolutely necessary. I constructed
J you have just the material in which THEODORE L. MEAD, of the saltatoria is the gryllatalpa eighty five little tents, 3x3 feet, madeof
orchid roots will revel. Baskets made Chairman of Committee. viilgaris, or mole cricket It is foundin cheese cloth, stretched on a frameof
log-cabin style of cypress are perhaps ON INSECTS. our gardens at all times of the year, rough 1x3, and planted my cucumbers
the best containers for orchid plants, From the voluminous of Mr. and does no end of damage some. under these during the latter part
: but they will do equally well in pots Woodworth we select paper a few times. The polecat has a great hankering of October, of last year. They flour-
! if you will take a wire nail and tack- of local interest: paragraphs ,for these insects, and will dig a ished luxuriantly for a time, but alas I
; hammer and chip a hole say one anda deep, slender hole to secure it. Some the plant lice (green aphides) began to
half inches in diameter in the side How to demolish the roaches, howto recommend that the cat be preserved, swarm upon them. I had recourse to
of the pot near the bottom for ventilation escape their filthiness, their hateful for the good it does; but with all respect tobacco smoke, with excellent results.
i and drainage. If carefully done stench and the rustle and clatter ot to such sympathy for the odor I killed all the plant lice-and cuke
; will be broken in their feet and wings, is a constant animal I be excused. vines
scarcely any pots ous beg to too A few vines survived, I
the chipping process, and the pot study to every Florida housekeeper. * I said the silkworm and believe. These I tried tobacco juiceon
should then receive its fern fibre, the They have come upon us with the the honey bee were of more value to with like brilliant results. A sec-
/ orchid should be tied or wired firmly visions of night, they disturb all our man than all the other insects put to ond planting was made. On the appearance
I in place, using copper wire, as iron meditations of clean butter, savory gether. I must take that :1.11.back.. of the third leaf came the
rust is injurious be hung in a wire sling and either With their constant presence nothingcan NVithout the whole insect world, how successful use of tobacco stems, damp
dipped in a bucket of water or copiously be kept pure. And how recon- would our blossoms of plants, fruits ened, to destroy the lice. That very
showered every day. During ciled many become to their company! and grains be fertilized ? And who day they were applied with most satis-
I the summer, or at least during the I stopped for a time on my first arrival can say that the least is not needfulto factory results. All the lice were
summer rains, they will do admirably in this State with a family that keep up the balance of the whole? killed, while the plants were not.
hung outdoors under a shady tree !seemed fully content to share their N. WOODWORTH. The crop matured too late for fancy
or grape arbor, but during dry weather I domicile with these cursoria. They --e-. prices, and outgrew their tented town,
and frosty nights they will claim more said they could not be got rid of, so A Cloth Cucumber House. but I saw enough to warrant the venture -
attention. they had concluded to make the best I made: this season. *
Mr. Eau Gallic
Dcndrobium nobtft, one of the finest of it. To the man they were very John Aspinwallipf To show the value of the cheese
and most (free flowering of orchids, is interesting creatures. He said they furnishes the Indian RIver Advocatea cloth covering, I would say that on
almost hardy and, with some wateringin had meetings or conventions, he had description of his cheese cloth cucumber the same day I transplanted fifty
the Spring, will take care of itself not quite determined which. They house. Like Mr. Hastings, plants-half into one of the benchesand
if established among the bootjacks of would gather in great numbers aroundan he did not find the American or White the other half out doors. Both
a live palmetto. Tne plant should be old! patriarch on the wall by nightin for lots were given the same treatment
packed in these natural hollows with the lamp light making a circle with Spine variety profitable forcing and care. Those in the house, under
plenty of fern fibre and sphagnummoss. their heads inward, and listen attentively under cover, and he is also dissatisfiedwith the cheese cloth, are now luxuriant
Some upon a tree in my door- as though engaged in worship or the cheese-cloth, as he finds it vines, producing fine fruit and having
yard have endured. cold of 21 deg. in demonstrating some profound po too flimsy a material to withstand the leaves nearly a foot across, while those
uninjured, and bloomed early this litical problem. winds the Indian River coast region.He outside are practically dead, and have
Spring after the flower buds had been But I wander, and must return to also found, as Mr. Hastings did, only produced :a few "nubbins."
subjected to 25 deg. my subject. that a flow of artesian water at a temperature Let me urge your readers to try,
One can hardly go amiss in trying The inantida or mantis are worthyof of 77 would not do to depend say young tomatoes, under cheese
any of the cattleyas; their flowers are some thought for the superstitionthey on to maintain the temperatureon cloth-cover one-half the bed with
often six to eight inches across :and o.1! have excited. They seem to be the inside of the cucumber house the cloth and leave half open, and
exquisite delicacy as well as brilliancyof all carnivorous insects. Some cill even in the mild climate of Indian they will be readily convinced of the
coloring. The Laclias are very them horse! grasshoppers and some call River. That is, he is doubtful aboutit value of this material to the gardenerof
similar; Laclia Purpurnta is one of the one family the devil's horse. One for the months of December and this State. Leave it on night and
finest of orchid: and may be natural. species is so slender in form and so January. The vines would doubtless, day, and make a sort of cold frame
ized in this latitude out of doors. near the color of the leaves and twigs as with Mr. Hastings, continue to for it to rest on.
" Many Onc drums and Epidcndrums will that they have been called winged grow slowly with no greater heat than .
also reward the cultivator, but OJontoglossuniS leaves that furnished by the artesian water, Miss Hattie Hart, of Rochester, N.
as a rule, will be a disap- The first pair of legs are large and but Mr. Aspinwall questions whetherthe Y., hooked a gigantic sawfish at
pointment. Most of them are from strong, and are used to catch: and young and delicate fruit would Naples-on-ihe Gull, and with help suc-
high mountain elevations and cannot hold their prey. They are attachedto withstand the chilling so as to enable ceeded in landing it. It measured
endure our summer heats. the anterior part of a long neck, him to begin shipping in February.We seventeen feet from tip of saw to tip
Among bulbs there is a very large which is held in an angular positionto omit, therefore, his descriptionof of tail.-Ft. Myers Press.
I variety of choice crinums (generally the body, that suggests the likenessof the house which was simply a light
known as "lilies" in our gardens) a horse. board structure roofed with cheese "
which have as yet been scarcely intro The mantis rcligiosa has a mannerof cloth, and give some of his experi ,'.v.i..v.rav-.wv..w.*
duced. The St. John's lily and Ja putting itself in a position of rest, ments :and conclusions:
i maica lily so called, are familiar examples and. bringing his (front legs together, I desire to preface my descriptionof !
. of crinums-the crinums all that suggests the idea of the hands my house by detailing a few experiments -
I agree in growing as a large rosette of and arms placed in devotion; hence made during the last two years.I _
I leaves from a bulb; from the axils ol the name it has received, "the praying was told cucumbers could not be ; (Tasteless-EffectuaIJ FOR ,
the lower l leaves come the stalks bearing ,mantis." raised successfully out of doors in NERVOUS
great heads of amaryllis-like fra I This State may boast of a species of winter-first, because of the frosts, ; s
grant flowers. this family, superior in size to any- and secondly, on account of the insect J DISORDERS.
Pain in the\\I
Wind and
: Such Sick Headache.
Your chairman has made a special found elsewhere. It is from four to life. Experiments with a delicate Stomach.as Giddiness Fullness.Swelling after
study of these crinums and has collected six inches long, and is found on the thermometer showed me that the su : Meals. Dizziness Drowsiness, Chills, Flush.<>
over seventy species and varieties coarse grass in swampy places. The perficial layer of ground was cooled :ings of Heat. Loss of Appetite. Shortness of]
t Breath. Costiveness Scurry Blotches on <
\ from all parts of the world. female is from six to ten times as largeas rapidly, even on a warm night, and j Skin, Disturbed Sleep Frightful Dreams, All]
t; Some new hybrids that have just the male. I should judge in this that often there would be a drop of <> Nervous and Trembling Sensations and I IfJ J
bloomed for the first time seem to be family there is no dispute for equal 17 between sundown and sunrise. |>regularities Incidental to Ladies. <
an improvement upon either parent, rights. Indeed, in all the lower or This fall of temperature was much < Covered with! a Tasteless and Soluble Ooatbg. <
t especially in the case of a cross be- ders, nature seems to have settled all greater than the actual fall of the air <| Of all New druggists.York Depot.PriceS 15 Canal cents St.a Box.
; tween the crinum "St. John's lily," such questions. This insect seems temperature, and was caused by radia- InMir

I Ii i



VI. 'Agriculture' is the Basis of Wealth." No. 20.

The Ruinous Auction System. any demand that may be made on us; DIRECT SALE. reached direct by the manufacturermore
Editor Alliance Department: but if we do this we must get early hence
every year ; naturally
Please allow me to say that I trust orders. We have quit auctioning our I The Middleman Done Away With. much of the heavy trade formerly got
you will vigorously "kick" against the goods, and if any of our agents supply For some time the consumers of I ten by the jobbers goes direct to the
auction system of selling our oranges, any more irresponsible parties with the country have been agitating and factories. As competition lessens
which has resulted so disastrously this our goods, off come their heads." organizing for economy in purchasing. I profit, the manufacturer seeks his
past season and must bring ruin to this GEORGIA. This economy has been a necessity I trade in order to even up some of the
industry if continued. I think it must Sorrento,-Fla. ,_.-,- owing to the difficulty of making both losses made in selling to the big jobbers
be a patent fact to any business man. Sound Sense for Alllancemen. ends meet, and is also prompted by for losses there are on nearly
Can any one suppose a syndicate of the natural desire to lay up a penny
If the is the unit of the State every large contract now made. In
county ,
capitalists could be organized any- for a rainy day. While this has been fact, it is well known in several lead
where in America the and the State the unit of the government the with the the
to begin manufacture case consumers, man- ing lines that if a manufacturer can
of any kind of goods that and the counties send representation ufacturer has been at his wits' end place half his products with big housesat

were to be shipped to distant or near to the legislature and the legis- how to produce goods at a less cost in actual cost he is doing well, and
points and at auction and soldto order to meet the heavy taxes imposed
put up latures send State representation to his profits must come from the balanceof
the highest bidder? If any one Washington where our National laws by the system of doing business in his output sold to small dealers and
thinks so let him try it. The result this country, namely, through the expense consumers. In this way, it is true,
will be, capitalists would ask if any- are enacted, don't you think the of buying three or four times, the manufacturer and his largest cus
thing was said, "Do you think I wantto quickest way to bring about reform is and selling three or four times, tomers often come in competition with
give my capital- away in such foolish to begin work at home in. the county adding expense in each instance as each other, but as they are all 'out of
way as that? No, sirjw;; not at all!" and not" do so much shooting at "long well as profit. the stuff,' there is no time for quarrel-
Just think of nice Navel oranges range? If the counties will use good That the adulteration of goods has ing both for the "
; push on next town.
being sold at auction at twenty five sense and judgment in sending representatives practically reached its'limit there can
cents per box (which was done last to the legislature, and that be little question. For some time the This pushing on to the next townor
when fail to do all for in other words, the movement of
they they can
winter) when these same oranges soldat manufacturers have been studying
the best interest of their and the manufacturer to sell as nearly dIrect
$4.50 per box wholesale in New county how to get nearer tie consumer,
State that will be labelled "trait to the consumer aspossible, has recently -
York. Also, when any man writes, they thereby realizing better prices and
as many did last year for publicationin ors" to th ir country, it will have its making better goods, and still reduce crystallized and taken definite
shape. The National Union
your paper, that Florida has suchan eflect U along the line. "Our repre- ing the cost of the same. The aimsof company -
sentatives" would "use and has in its principles and manage-
see some
enormous crop of oranges that the the manufacturer and consumer
market will be glutted, etc., either fitness" in making good laws, since being the same, there is therefore but ment an element of strength' that is
return such or refuse to publish.It they look to the day of reckoningthe one thing to do, namely, find a sys- rarely found in a new business con-
cern. Our Homestead will watch the
made me think of a merchant who ballot box. tem whereby distributing can be done
filled his store full of good goods and If we would read and think more economically and safely by the man success of this company with interest,
as the of direct is
then began to fear he could not sell, and "set" around and complain less, ufacturers and honestly and fairly to that theory believe in.trading one
we heartily
and not only feared but told everybody we could in the course of time beginto the consumers.
whom he met that he just knew he was solve the problem how to get along Philosophers argue that we are liv- The National Union company is
stuck, and whined about it till his customers in this world. ing in an advanced state of civiliza- represented in Florida by Col. S. S.

decided they could and would One reason so many folks are always : tion. No one who has studied the Harvey, who is well and favorably
buy at their own price. Result-a i complaining that they can't make past history of the country can doubt known throughout the State, and especially -
ruined merchant while his neighboracross tongue and buckle meet is because this; but at various times circumstances is this so in Alliance circles.A .

the way kept right on sellingthe they let their "tongue" do most of the have forced changes in system. National Union Cooperativestore
same lines of goods at good fair work.Levy T.-D. Fifty years ago the journey of the has been opened in this city with
himself cheerful merchant to the J. A. McDavid as manager, and it is
profit, always smiling, *-<>-< country great cen
and getting fat. At Moultrie E. C. Terry has 45 ters for the purchase 01 goods was the intended to carry a full line of all articles -
We here in Florida are manufac- acres of vineyard; Mrs. C. B. Terry, event of the year, only exceeded in that the farmer may want. Under

turing oranges to sell, and want a fair 15 acres; Gridley & Capem, 20; Law excitement and interest by the arrivalof I this system all Alliancemen in
margin, same as other manufacturersstrive fence I Locke & Co., 32; C. F. Bailey, his stock where his customer couldsee 'good standing in their order have an
to and usually do get. Let us 10Vm.; Roberts, 7; Chas. Terry, 8; and select his wants. Throughthe interest in the profits.We .
not forget this; let us.urge business Mr. Broadwell, 3; Mr.\ Andrews, 2; great development of railroads and shall carefully watch this establishment -
methods and business pluck. Sam Dr. Rainey, 2. Thus it will be seen steamboats in this country this systemwas and let the people know from
Small once said : There is one I that about 150 acres of vines, a large changed. The commercial traveler time to time the results of this new
thing a man and a chicken wants, and part of which has already borne one came into existence, so that now effort for cheaper goods.-Our Home-
that is sand." Large manufacturersof successful crop of grapes, are now an there is hardly a day when the country stead.
products that the world uses the I accomplished fact. Mr.\ Terry's merchant does not have goods laidat T
most largely of, employ business "40.acre lot, which was critically examined his feet and is pleaded with for or- The Manatee Lemon Co. is the

. methods to dispose of their goods- promises a large crop, perhapsmore ders.To name of a new corporation recently
branch houses, agencies and men to than it should bear the second the far-seeing political econo- organized under the laws of Florida to
sell their goods in all the towns and year. On many of the vines can be mist there can be no question that the set out and cultivate a large grove
cities where their goods go-and always seen more than a dozen bunches of time has arrived for another change. forty miles south of Tampa, on the
report "hard pushed to fill our fruit, while the average is probably That this change can be but for one Gulf of Mexico. One of the proprietors -

orders; got to enlarge our factories- four or five bunches. At last report purpose, namely, a system wherebythe of the enterprise is F. C. Buffum,
increase our facilities." How long Mr. Terry placed the crop at 30,000 goods are bought but once and well known to our readers. The pro-
could any manufacturing business continue pounds. He and other good judges sold but once, there can be little or no ject calls for a capital of $180,000,
think you, were they to publish now think it will reach 50,000 pounds, dispute. Therefore, it is the wise which will be made up by $10 shares
that they were overloaded with goods and it would not be surprising if it man that sees the handwriting on the and already the stock is being subscribed -
and could not sell ? should exceed even this. Considering wall.From for liberally. Persons with
I hope, Mr. Editor, that our orange the fearful drouth which has extended an article that recently ap I money to invest will find this something -
growers will shout out loud and long, all over the State, causingeven peared in the Iron Age, a review noted worthy of their attention. A
and publish it from Dan to Beershe- the oranges to fall, this is re i for its accuracy, impartiality and able line dropped to Mr. Buffum at Ocala,
ba-from Maine to Texas' southwest markable. It shows the grape runs editorial management, we quote as Fla., will bring a statement concerningthe
corner-"we are doing our level best to its roots far down in the soil and is follows : company and its prospects, from
supply our trade-enlarging our plant not dependent on moisture from the "The country is growing constantly, which possible investors can obtain an
-working night and day, and think I surface to the same extent that many with new depots for distribution being I I adequate idea of the project.-Lees-
- we shall be able to reasonably supply others are.-St. Augustine News. established. and these new houses are burg Commercial.

FT Ii i I


"I \


WEATHER AND CROPS. Archer-Cloudy weather was beneficialto Sandhills in the Far South. I
vegetation. Light hail in some sec
tions. Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: Rich Florida Lands i

For the Week ending May 13,1892. Avon Park-Heavy showers passed to In the line of visitors from several !

I RAINFALL.In I west and north on 10th. Rain much places abroad, we have had more in the r..e...,. I Ixa.
the extreme northeastern portion of needed. three weeks than
I past ever at any one -
the State the drouth was broken on the Bristol-Oats are considered about a --
time in Keystone all of whom
failure. All suffering greatly.
9th by thunder storm. While crops
agreeable surprise at the
Chipley-Every thing suffering for want prosperous
precipitation was excessive during the of ram. growth' both cultivated and native

storm, it fell over a comparatively limited DeFuniak Springs-Showers have donea productions here in these high sand-

area in tho vicinity of the coast. great deal of good and all kinds of nills; and by way of contrast with i1T
growing nicely.
While- rains have fallen in the crops
heavy Eustis-Light showers have improved many sections in the flatwoods and

southern portion the amount was badly ''I the crop situation somewhat. lower localities of other places, they

distributed as will bo seen by referenceto Homeland-Showers of past week have readily admit a superiority here. One "rFarmers

"Remarks by Correspondents." The put crops in excellent condition and ena- thing is signally and favorably evident r
bled to early of sweet
us plant an
greatest amount of rainfall,2.50 inchesh, potatoes. crop here as to the effect of severe droughts,

occurred in Nassau county. Hillsborough Hyrjoluxo Xo abatement of drought. and that is, the cultivated citrus varie-

i and Polk hive: been favored with copi- Jupiter-Drought partially broken on ties, after becoming well rooted, wilt ;, ...-
( ous showers and reports as to crop con- Thursday::; by light showers, which are less than anywhere in lower localities .;.
reported as having been quite general.
minus One of visitorsis
ditions rains irrigation. our
are encouraging. Heavy ;
Several inches of rainfall are necessary
are reported- from the eastern -portion of to put the soil in proper condition. attracted by our grape indications Stop and Think.
Clay county, while moderate showers Kissimmee-The rain of Tuesday and here, concluding that a start of the cultivated
have been very helpful to vegetables in Wednesday helped vegetation. greatly; varieties would be compara- WHY Spend the best years of your
Osceola, Lake and the northern portionof but more is needed. tively easy on our numerous wild life cultivating the soils of the frozen '

Lee. The northwestern counties, Lloyds-Copious showers during past!: stocks growing and blooming so pro- North and West raising crops on which
especially those lying west of the Chatta-
week. All well. Drouth
crops looking the is often not realized when
It is reported that Mr. Ed- freight you
hooohee river the effects of
1 are feeling has not been seriously felt here. Cotton,
tile drouth in all its severity. The only when planted late, came up poorly.Late monson, of Avon Park, twelve milesor can buy land from the undersigned, rich
appreciable amount of rainfall in that sown oats badly damaged. Tobacco more southeast of this, in the sand and fertile as any known lands, and

section during the week occurred in planting delayed and a shortage of hills, where scarcely a wild. vine is where you can raise a crop that the
Walton. In Alachua the of the
severity plants. Outlook now good.
is with United States Government will a
drouth has been ever seen, succeeding finely pay
somewhat mitigated by
Lawtey-Drouth partly broken by local -
light showers and cloudy weather. Well his transplanted varieties; but as we BOUNTY of $100 on each acre.
Strawberry a good
distributed showers have fallen in Jefferson crop have here innumerable wild vines of HOLD On, this isn't all. You can sell

t county and a general improvementin average.Molino\ Xorain. : all crops suffering. more than one variety, which bear the said crop right there in your home
is noted. Small fruits
and growing the oat crops crop seem to have felt the :Madison:\ -Oats being harvested. profusely every spring and rooting in market for $230;:; per acre. You ask for

full effects of the drouth. Reports from Myers\ -Cane, late planted gardensand red clay soil, the prospects are cer- the How and the "Wherefore."

various sections indicate a partial if not fruit trees holding their own. tainly encouraging to vineyardist.. Quite right-facts and figures count best.
complete failure of these crops,especiallythe Manatee-No rain; orange trees suffer- Our visitors of late are taking quitea
latter. Sweet potato planting has i ing. liberal interest in boating and fish- Plant the Land with SJgar Cane
commenced in Polk county and oats are Micco\ -Occasional thunder storms.
trees ing, each of which offers flattering en TO OLD Farmers and careful perusers -
being harvested in Madison. In the Orange dropping badly. Pineap-
southern portion of the State sugar cane, ples at a standstill; crop can be saved couragement. Our lakes are suffi. of papers, the fact that there is now

fruit trees and the late planted gardensseem only by irrigation. ciently large and well suited, with fine established near Kissimmee, Fla., the St.

to have enough of moisture to hold OrlandolJrouth"ery damaging to all margins, lor sailing vessels, havingthe Cloud Sugar Refinery, is stale news. We
their own for a week to come. Alongthe crops. Light local showers: of little ben-
Atlantic coast oranges are dropping efit; 25;:; per cent. of orange crop has grandest natural scenery around are talking to all our friends. Sugarcanecan
badly and pineapples are at a standstill.In shed. them, with fine margins tor settle- be raised as cheaply as corn, and

that section irrigation has become Orange City-Rains of past week ments near to the water. On Lake Uncle Sam will pay you a bounty of two

general, truckers recognizing in it the greatly helped vegetation, but came too Reedy especially much high rich cents per pound on the manufactured
only means of saving their crops. In late to save orange crop, of which one- hammock (for this far south) is ready The St. Cloud plantation in
Volusia light rains have afforded much half is lost.OcalaRains. sugar.
relief but the orange crop seems to have in eastern and southern for vegetables. I am now openingsome I Osceola Co., Fla., averaged 4,500 pounds

sustained damages that will tell seri- portions of county. of it and transplanting my of sugar to the acre last year, and will go
ously on the next season's supply. In Oxford-Light rains on 9th and 10th inaqiiis and mtlangas, which 1 prizeso 5,000 pounds this year.
Orlando it is estimated that fully 25 percent did much good. Corn is looking fairly highly-'-Cuba roots," as I often
METHODS? This isn't the
of the orange crop has been shed well; other crops substantially gone. call them. I that after only big
otTo In Sumter, corn is doing fairly Pensacola-Drouth unabated. Unless chance of your life, however. The cul-
well; all other-crops have practically rain falls soon, strawberry crop will bea i this section will come and see for tivation of rice lands about Kissimmeeis

failed. Out of a total of thirty reporting failure. All crops greatly in need of themselves, instead of writing me so to become an assured, profitable fact.
stations fairly distributed throughout the rain. much. S. W. CARSON.
There i is richer better truck and
State, only nineteen report an appreciable St. Andrews- Drouth very severe. no or
--- ----- ---- -
rainfall. Following is a summary of Ponds and streams drying up. Heavy market garden lands in the world than

precipitation for the week: Amelia, 2.50; dews at night are keeping things alive. the land on the rich overflow, or bottom
Avon Park, .49; Archer, .27; DeFuniak St. Petersburg-Showers on all sidesof THE BEst lands about Kissimmee. Write for con-
Springs. .55; Eustis .58; Green Cove us; no rain here. Orange trees are
their leaves anti fruit is formation to A. K. McClure, editor Philadelphia
losing ,
Springs. 1.64; Homeland, l.GO; Jacksonville young
.58; Jupiter, .25;:;; Kissimmee, .82; dropping. The red spider is doing considerable protection Times,who has personal knowl
Lawtey, .10; Madison,. light showers on damage to some groves. edge. Then in lands for orange groves,
5 days; Myers, .68; Micco, .42; Orlando, Titusville-All citrus fruits and vegetables against sudden or groves already cultivated or bearing,
.07 Orange City .44 Ocala, .38 Oxford, need rain badly.
; ; ; in the weatheris
changes I satisfy that best interestslie
.59; St. Petersburg, .03; Tampa, 1.23; Tampa-Crops in general looking bet- can you your
Tarpon Springs, .48. ter than last week. to purifythe in seeing me before any one else.
TEMPERATURE. Tarpon Springs-Light showers of BEAUTIFUL HOMES. The healthfulness -
Monday not enough to break drouth. blood
and of
beauty Kissimmee have
There was an excess of temperature in Copious rains reported at points ten
the northern and southern portions of miles east and south of here.E. \\ never been questioned. No diptheria,
the State for the week. In the northern R. DEMAIN Director. 'ithAYER no consumption, no pneumonia-in fact,
portion the average was more than two Jacksonville, Fla., read medical Beautiful
May 14. 1892. $ our report. cot-
degrees a day above the normal. This .
t abnormal departure, in conjunction with tages, villas or lots suitable for resi-
the prevailing dryness, was very injurious O 06@f)6@Tho dences. Write for terms and particulars.

to crops. mallest.pm In tho World! SarSaparD! COME SOUTH, And get untold

t SUNSHINE. 1 THE SECRETE UI quantities of the grandest climate in the

There was an average amount of sun- )I recruiting.:health is discovered *n e| Jt vitalizes world free with each acre of ground pur-
shine for the season.
chased. Come where you can till the
TUTT'S and enrichesthe
WIND.: ee soil twelve months in the year. At least

Brisk to high winds prevailed, nega- life-current, and write to me for full particulars.
tiving to a great extent the good effectsof Tiny Liver pms 9
the rainfall. 9 makes the weak 3fl 7VT. CANNON:

HAIL. In liver affections sick headache,dyspepsia -(e KISSIMMEE, FLA.
flatulence, heartburn,bilious strong.
A light local hail storm occurred in colic eruptions of tho skin, and all 0 Agent for the lands of the Disston Companies,
Alachua county on the 1 t tho No dam- U troubles of tho bowels,their curative(V Has Cured! Others for the Associated Railways' lands, and the
effects aro marvelous. They arc a cor-
age was sustained by growing crops. rcctivo as well as a gcntlo cathartic. lands of Kissimmee Land Co.
REMARKS BY CORRESPONDENTS. Very small and cay to take. Iricr,4\ Phosphate, .u ar-cane. rice, tracking,
; 5c. Office,39&41 Park Place,N.Y. wil! cure you. (fruit grazing, timber, general farming.
Amelia-Heavy rain, thunder, light- and home lands bend for
e@f) el@GO( ) ( map showing
ning and high wind on 9th. lands


Orange County Vineyards.On There is more Catarrh in this section FOR SALE Press-One for second sale cheap hand at Washington this o ice. FREE FREE FREE !

the day following the meeting, of the country than all other dis Write for.articnlsrPRINTING

in company with Mr. E. O. Painter, eases put together, and until the last '

of DeLand, your correspondent visit few years was supposed to be incur- .

; l. the larger groves, pineries and able. For a great many years doctors I I OFFICE

vineyards around. Orlando. Mr. Ink pronounced it a local disease, and I WHITNER'SGARDENINGIN

courteously received us at the Em- prescribed local remedies, and by con-

pire vineyard, and descanted glibly stantly failing to cure with local treat- J

upon the future of the grape in Flor- ment,pronounced it incura ble. Science FOR SALE.I .

ida. Here we were shown one vine, has proven catarrh to. be a constitutional FLORIDAFREE

set out little over one year ago, which disease, and therefore requires

had upon it 41 bunches of fruit; an constitutional treatment. Hall's Ca'

other vine with 36 bunches, and thou. tarrh Cure, manufactured by F. J. : TO. ALL.

sands of others almost equally pro Cheney & Co., Toledo, Ohio, is the -

lific. .Incredible as these things seem, only constitutional cure on the market.It -
they are tangible facts and may is taken internally in doses from ten have had placed in my hands '.

surely be taken as the forerunner of drops to a teaspoonful. It acts directly and offer for sale a I '

fortune to the grape men of Florida. upon the blood and mucous surfacesof

Again, at the Niagara Villa we were the system. They offer one hun-

shown a vine 5 years old with 100 dred dollars for any case it fails to ITDlI1plete Printing 0 Office, Until April 1st, 1892, I will mall to

bunches of fruit already set ; another cure. Send for circulars and testi-- all subscribers remitting: $2.00 for

which Mr. Haines told us at 4 years monials. Address,

old netted him $i i.25. Here work is I F. J. CHENEY & CO., Toledo, O. renewal or new subscription,a copy

reduced to a system by the use of ie-Sold by Druggists, 750.JkoR ON EASY TERMS.C1."LIXVEIt of "Whitner's Gardening In Flor

every labor saving implement obtain ida."

able. The spraying outfit was itself a

wonder of economical construction by ; ( I DA DISPATCHCHAS. 'f.GROWtRMER' PRESS, TWO JOB PRESSES To all who remit $5.00 I will send

which one man and horse can spray I ,Is') ((RU I AND FULL OUTLAY OF TYPE.
t IARMRS I this paper and the "World's Colum-
from; 5,000 to 10,000 vines a day. I it J 1u. ..=

We next visited Model Park, OATUoWlIlAA"UIt bian Exposition Illustrated," for

which is the property of a stock com- W. DaCOSTA, Publisher. one year, the subscription price of

pany, but managed by Haynes,
which Is $4.00 .
Young & Bailey. This is a beautiful per annum.C.
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION: Further information on application to
level tract of 100 acres surroundedby W. DACOSTA
For One Year ...............................$2.00 ,
a McCartney rose hedge and
For Six Months\ ....................... ..... i oo PUBLISHER.
when finished, will include 50 acres
in trees in *3Subscriptions l all cases cash in advance. Chas. \W.\ DaCosta
orange 20 acres grape- The World's Fair.
Rates of Advertising: on Application. .
fruit and in
peaches, 40 acres grape,
10 acres in pineapples, under one REMITTANCE should be made by Check, We have received the last issue of
Postal Note, Money\ Order c: Registered Letter, JACKSONVILLE FLA.
shed, and 10 acres in other fruits. to order ofFLORIDA the World's Columbian Exposition

Only acres of the pinery are yet com-
IS1ATCIT, FARMJIJI AND A bright,&'tfnrrrrtic"' : man or Illustrated the authentic
pleted, and some idea is gained of the PR TIX Gil OWE 11, $ 5 0 0 0 woman wanted to take the organof
a sole for
agency article
expense being lavished upon bringingthis Jacksonville, Fla. that ia Deeded In every. the Great Fair. The object of this
to a state of perfectionwhen home and indinprnna.
property bin In
S A ELLS every AT MCJHT.iii oilier. publication is to give a complete au-
it is known that all the pineap- CENT-A-WORD" COLUMN. town country.. $700 in
ple plants used are of the rarest varie- 90 days and a utrady income thentic historical record of the Colum-
ties and from To jnsure insertion in this column advertise- WE IE for afterward.the right A "Bonanza"
were specially imported K person Good
ments must be
accompanied by the money. Jobs are amrce ana bian Exposition. It contains 32 pagesof
the Azores or Sandwich Islands. A Advertisements must not exceed fifty words. soon taken. Writ.at one*.
Postage Stamps received in payment. J.V.. JONES.. Manager SprincQold, Ohio. official and will
steam pump, tanks and a complete i Count every word including name and address give
of irrigation are matters of ,..... -
system They are the sweetest, photographic / / / printed on Enameled -
detail in the effort to make this enter M ONEY to loan at low rates Address B B., THE LATEST mist! complete>> tone sustainincr -
box 177,DeLand Fla. 5'tg-4t durable and perfect paper, of all the Exhibits, Build-
prise a perfect success. Music Poxes made

The Niagara Company's 250 acre WANTED-A every gentleman; salary or and lady commission solicitor iu; (warranted), and any in number every respect ings, and attractions of the Great Fair.

vineyard was next visited, but, except genteel work. Address immediately GUY U. INVENTION IN tunes can be obtained forth..m.
HARDY, Mannville. Fla. 5-19-3t (Improvement Patented As a work of Art, containing the most
So acres, the most of it has been but in
TILL June ifth I shall offer at 25 per cent.dis Switzerland and
one or two weeks set out, and thou- off of previous prices as nicely budded United States.) interesting information, it is invaluableto

sands upon thousands of stakes but trees 1). WALKER(sweet,stock Manager) as ever Lake grew Region in Florida.Nursery Co.II., SWISSMUSIC\' I for We direct manufacture family trade especially, and we all who wish to keep up with the
mark where the hopes and the dollarsof Auburndale Polk Co., Ha. 5-5-3t guarantee our instruments far
superior to the Music Boxes times and learn of the International
the shareholders have great
expectant ACRES OP CHEAPLY IRRIGATED usually made for the wholesale
been buried with of TRUCKING LAND without expensive trade and cold by general merchandise
every prospect Enterprise.
dry and music
machinery or artesian wells.
even A black soil, .
an early resurrection. several feet in stores. Manufactur r,.'special;
depth, level
as a floor free from
Certainly from 'all timber,which can be flooded by the closing! of a 1 I agency and salesrooms fur the It will be published semi monthly
your correspon- celebrated Gem
: and Concert
gate at the mouth of the ditch draining the glade.
dent could gather, under the present For particulars address: GEO. W. HASTINGS,In Roller Organs, ; play any tune; early in the fall, making eighteen
terlachen Fla.ARTESIAN prices, only 16 and$12.Ol .
mode of the vine flourishes
lpluic Boxes carefully copies for present year. Price, $4,
and for this season also abundance of WELL MACHINERY sale or Repaired and Improved.

fruit is a certainty, despite the prolonged trees. A.for A.cows BALDWIN, or orange, Geurgiaua and, lemon Fla. I BOXES 11. GA.tram UTSC11I fact rrrera..i SOlS, postpaid; 25 cents a copy. Subscriptions

drought. One point, how- Tilghinan'g Condition Powders Salesrooms 1030 Chestnut St taken at this office, where the

ever, seems to be generally admitted ; are guaranteed to cure Salt-sick cattle, and prevent Philadelphia,
that is, that the Niagara vine will cholera.in chickens. Best medicine for all paper can be seen, or send 25 cents
stuck. For sale all over Florida "
. thrive as well, and probably be more by mail for 3S cts. W. G. TILGUMAX Sample Pala package 'THE RIPE FRUIT CARRIER. for sample copy to _
lived land than ka. I-.a. 4-4-iot I
long has
on higher J. B. CAMPBELL .
been mostly chosen for the Orange WALL PAPER-Cheaper than any house iu ,
state. Samples prices and instructions
county vineyards.-Orlando Letter in free.by mail. T. F. ROBINSON, 15 W. Bay street. Editor and Publisher,
Jacksonville, l; a. 3-24-601
Bartow Courier. 218 La Salle Street, Chicago, Ills. ,
FLORIDA'S advantages for small investments, '
*- see "Real Estate Journal," Arcadia, Fla.
question has been asked "How
$1.00 per year: sample, with state map. 10 cents.post .
few trees in any particular grove has 3-2t-um "The World's Columbian Exposition

yielded i oo boxes of oranges?" Seven FOR SALE-Whipporwi11 pees;per bushel (.0.
in the .. $2.00; Conch peas (limited qualllit), per Is a perfectly ventilated box in which Peachescan Illustrated"and the FLORIDA DISPATCH,
trees Perley grove yielded 105 pound, post paid, zoc: ; Chufa seed, per pound be'shipped RIPE and will keep better than
boxes of f choice fruit this last season. paid. 35C; per peck, f. o. b., $i.sopear; fruit In a refrigerator car. shipped. Iu these!' boxes FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER for one
millet, pound paid four brings prices.Write
I per post 35C; pounds!
Who can beat it? Send in your re '1.25; ten pounds, f, o. b.. $2.00. Send cash with for circular to C1KOKGE FRANKE._
IIvul lit S. Fnr*'v Street n..ltl.n f'A. year, mailed to any address, for $5.
ports. One of these trees was photographed
before picking; was taken bya "-4- F R U I T EVAPORATOR C. W. DACOSTA,
gentleman north.. Orange City PER AND GARBER'S HYBRID PEAR Tbe Standard Slarblne Publisher FLORIDA DISPATCH, FAJUIER -'
Times. TREES WRITE TO B. W. PARTRIDGE MON- DlfftrtBt IZM and pried. UUitraUd Catalogs**... '







i ,


Extending Southeast, South and South i DOORS, SASH, BLINDS, PAINTS, OILS AND VARNISH.
e west from Jacksonville, cover over one

thousand miles of tropical country, am I SA.v tILL: SUI r LILS. \

reach all prominent winter and summt't We are State We Have .

pleasure resorts of Florida: Rents for "o ttieOneliorse t [IIORSE [HAY\ RAKES; rl

The East Coast, i in stock.

BUCKEYE :, S and ft feet trPa TtIEFIori -
The Great Lake Region ,
& {
6 foot Is suit (lentral & peninsular
The Phosphate Fields, MOWERS, f'"E ": r ,'" \ ==- Thb for use in a

The Pineapple Fields,, A ('omplete"ot'l.and.: ofJHoirers .," ORANGE GROVES. RAILROAD I CO.

The Orange GrovesAND ; Repairs Factory on 1'rlces.hand at l Write for' Price ThE Florida Trunk biqela


The Fruit and Vegetable
A Full JAne of Jiepalrs for Same. !

Sections. Acme Orange Grove and Two-Horse Pulverizing Harrows, the Boy; !' In addition to its long-established connections

Dixie Cast Plows, and a full line of Farm and Agricultural Implements with the North by
River Junction, Live Oak Callahan,Jacle8onille -
of all descriptions. Agents for the Planet Jr. Horse and Hand Tools, sold and Fernanillna,

THREE THROUGH TRAINS at factory prices. Send for catalogues. Has this season reopened '

z.i VIA =:f1ie ffioniasYille and flontictllo Route.

Tn connection with the S., F. &W. R. IL;the
r, Alabama Midland and the L.& N.and the lines.
The Tropical Trunk Line.These leading from Chicago, St. Louis Kansas City
and the North and West.., .
Through Cars from Cincinnati to
Hues are equipped with the latest I Jacksonville and Tampa.

improved modern appliances for the I Fast Schedule, I'nil man Sleejters. all Modern -. .
safety and comfort of p> scngers. -

1 Our patrons call them the 1 tit The Florida Central 4 PeninsiflarO.is .

the greatest artery of travel through the
FINEST IN FLORIDA. tinest parts of Florida,traversing twenty-four
( )ullties-Gadsden..J etferson. Duval,Alachua,
(Lake Leon, Suwannee Nassau, Levy,Orange,
--- Hillsbonuzh: Wabulla Columbia Clay
Trains Leave Jacksonville via J.,, _._,_ !:"""" '''"-'i:'''. -. j'r' Marion. Pojk. Manatee, Madison.linker, Bradford -
'- "!It ... ;!'
"--- ,Sumter lIen1 info and DeSoto-in their
K. W. .
T. & : -
-- richest )lOrtion. It nms th')ugh the Middle -
-.- Florida of Hill Country where are
8:30: a.m. daily, ext'ept Sunday) ; 1 :10J.m. ::: 'Y10 __. the tine oldFarming
daily 4:20: \ n.m. daily: c .cvpt _. -----
; : -- ::-' :. Lands and the 2fete Tobacco
8:00: p.m. dally, except Sunday. : fiiij Farms
: ;t :7d : (reached by no other line), some of them conducted
12:55 ::
;, Arrive 7:30 a.m.f 8:00 a.m., p.m. = _L2 on a large scale.- Here are Quincy,
7:40 p.m.Trains PLANET JH. HORSE HUE WITH LEVEU AM LEVER Wit EEL.: Tallahassee (the capital), Montict-. Madison
and other towns, from whose comfortable,
Leave Jacksonville via East ample dwellings, reposing in a fertile coun-
try, is coming a renewed energy to employthe
Coast Lines: BRRIGA TING MACHINERY resources lavished about them. Stretching -
I down throughThe
' 8:25 a.m. daily, 1:00: p.m. daily, except Peach> Countryof
1 Sunday; 4:05p.m. daily. BOTH STEAM, HORSE AND HAND POWER. Baker, Bradford,Alachua and Levy coun-

a Arrive 9:30 n.m., 12:25: p.m., 5:40: p.m. Carry a stock of Steam Pumps, Boilers, ties. through Strawberry the prosperous Farms

INDIAN RIVER STEAMERS LEAVE Wrought and Galvanized Pipe, Valves. of Lawtey, Starko and Waldo, perhaps superior -
In profit to the orange grove-it-goes
TITUSVILLE Fittings,Hose, Etc. Estimates furnished through, "the heart of the State, penetratingsome
I of the finest groves one having
I, For Melbourne daily, except Sunday, for Plants put in complete and guar 7OOOO Fitll-bearlnff Orange Trees,

: 5: )M() a.m., 3:45: : p.m.; Hock I('(I.pC:: 0:00: a.m., anteed satisfactory. Hand Spraying parsing for nearly a mile between them'
! 7:00: Arrive Mellxnirne, 1:00 p.m.. making its way southward to the Gulf and to,
p.m. i Send for the more tropical portions of the State. In
Returning,leave Melbourne of description.
f' 12 midnight. Pumps every
all portions of the State it reaches points. of
; 1:20: p.m., 12:30 a.m.; Rockledge 4:50: }p.m., Catalogue of How and When to Spray. Scenic.I.tcrf'Bt. v
; 8:00: a.m. Arrive Titusville 8:00: p.m..
Wakulla Springs in the West, the Suwan-
l 12 noon. u Nozzles, Pipe, etc., made to order in our nee River as beautiful and romantic it la
. ramous Silver Springs in the lake region
Leave Rocklcdgc for Jupiter daily, ex. v < machine shop. and the lakes themselves, with their,sur*.
f cept :5uwlay, S:30: a.m., arrive Jupiter fol. roundinsrs of rolling land interspersed with
i pleasant homes In green groves,sloping downto
lowing day, 3:30: a.tn. Returning, leave : the clear lake fronts. By means of this
t Jupiter daily, except Sunday, 9:30::: a.m. road you can most readily reach the "
) Arrive Rockledge following day,3:30 a.m. .lluutluguul Fishing Ground.
The settler will find on the lino of this road
"ST. AUGUSTINE" Leaves for varied selection
Steamer i greater' : opportunity a
F FIIhi 0 if land than on any other road in the State-
ORMOND aI1 f I I-; rom lightest soils to those underlaid with
.,.. l IiIIII
i. richest hammockvhether -
ar and of
ti s
8:00 a.m. Tuesdays*, Thursdays: and Saturdays ;illdi I ; for regular mixed farming,stock or
, for Kockleiige, and) way landing TI lairy farming, peach or strawberry culture.
j Returning, leaves Rockledge St(k) a.m. orange groves and vegetable gardens.The .
with its
tourist will be gratified scenery.
Mondays; lVedw lays and Fridays. The hcaJth- eeker on its ample route can find
to bh wants. On the hard
some spot adapted
, Connections are mado at Jupiter with lay roads of Middle Florida the horseman.rill
trains of J. & L.W. Railway for all points 4 L r_ __ ride with speed and satisfaction and the
;, } i Florida Central and Peninsular! is the
\, on Lake Worth. Sportsman's Jloiite.
__ __ -.----- from Northern connections .
1 Nor Passengers
For schedules, maps etc., call on local --- having tickets over the Honda Central
or address the General Passenger and Peninsular to points in South Florida
\ have the privilege of being taken Into Jacksonville -
Agent, AGENTS FOR over the Company's line and allowed
within the going limits of the
' R. B. CABLE W. L. CRAWFORD. IuVO VLES' TEA-1'1: PU VEL?S. a ticket stop-over with return to their route for destination -
i General Manager, Supt.East Coast: Lines, free of extra charge. Send for map of.
r .1 J..T Jt K. W. System. St.Augustine, Fla.G. All Letters Angered the Day they are Keceie Florida! maU5afreo.ioDotELUO:P. A., 1;;
D. ACKKKI.Y, Jacksonville, Fla.'
.. General Passenger Agent, THE S. B. HUBBARD COMPANY, N.S.PES INGTOY Traffic Manager.
MAXWELL General M&uuget
Jacksonville, Fla. D. E. ,



'" .... .

a r8Q


Th e ]Be11eV"ie Miring: Compw i' is Greetirl.To : .

_. the' Orange Growers and Market Gardeners of Florida:

We produce the Leading Phosphate or the world. It is the cheapest. It is the best. It is a quick, vigorous fertilizer. It increases the crops.


Analysis by eminent chemists show that it contains over 50 per cent of bone phosphate of lime that is available at once in soil water, the balance, 20 to 30 pe-

cent, becomes gradually available. Experts certify to its having a value as plant food, green as it comes from the mine, of over 25 per ton as compared with .

mercial acidulated fertilizers, and no danger in its use. The analysis of our Soft Phosphate, as given by Serge Malyvan, of Ocala, is as follows:

Insoluble Silicate and Sand...... ......18.761 1 Phosphoric 17 70 I I Oxide of Iron I Magnesia and Soda 6.59
Carbonate 4-561 j Equivalent to Bone Phosphate Lime.39.00 I Aluminum 2.07 I \ 6.55

He says your Soft Phosphate, referring to the Belleview Soft Phosphate, will be soluble, by gradual steep, under influence of rain water, provided it is per-
fectly burnt and pulverized in fine powder. .

Serge Maly\ van says that after analyzing samples of Soft Phosphate from different mines throughout the State, that the only soluble Soft Phosphate is contained -

in an area of about six miles at and around Belleview. .

The Belleview Soft Phosphate is especially good for peach, pear and orange trees, grape vines and strawberries. and for cotton and corn it has no equal.

The analysis of our Soft Phosphate shows that every element it contains is absolutely essential as plant food, and every intelligent man will see the importanceof

buying plant food at so little cost per ton.
-- ;

More About Soft Phosphate. rowed this in. I did not measure the yield only i I gives them their dark green color? Certainly cation have just commenced to start up. Mr. :Me
The following in regard to soft phosphate it in my cart as I gathered it. I got as much corn j nothingin the soil,as itis poor pine land. Neither Master of the firm of McMaster& Miller, of San
taken from the Gainesville Sun from the sixteen rows that had soft phosphate on is it good cultivation. Chemistry teaches that Mateo,visited my grove a few days since and expressed -
That soft phosphate is rapidly gaining favor it as I did from the next thirty rows. '1 he corn I orange trees requIre potash, phosphoric acid and himself as being very much astonishedwith
the fruit and vegetable growers there is no did not dry up any for want of rain, as the rest ..f lime and the pine lands of Florida require humus. at the growth of the trees where the soft phosphate
ort of doubt. Those who have given it a test un- the crop did. lam well pleased and will use it In muck and phosphate! we have all but the had been applied. If you will remembet
hesitatingly kor it in the most complimentary this year on all my crops." potash. This added gives us a perfect rtiliz r, the first shipment of Phosphate was made l less
terms. Mr. George Saxon, writing from and yet there are men who tell u: that it will not than sixty days since, and until the last few days
Tallahassee: says: do, that the raw materials must! be manipulated we have had very little rain.
The sott phosphate rred toin the granulated Soft Phosphate.Mr. by the chemist! and refined product fed to our .1 am fully convinced that one ton of the Belle-
article, containing the elements of ground bone Sutton, one of our Alliance! ex-editors, trees. What nonsense! I don't believe any such view Soft Phosphate has greater value as a plant
and 50 per cent phosphate of lime (bone phosphate writes as follows to the Florida Agriculturist on a laws entered into the Divine plan of Nature."- food than a ton of any Fertilizer that has ever
) crude as it comes from the mine. This matter of much interest to our farmers: Phosphate Field. been brought into the State,and I would warmly
sort phosphate was put upon cotton last year "Now Mr. Editor, I am the !same crank still Mr. Sutton has since ordered thirty-five tons to recommend its use to the orange growers in the
alongside of cotton seed as fertilizers, and the re- only more so, on the subject of muck, soft phosput- on his groves adjoining Welshtou. State. Yours truly,
suit wa fully, or more than double, in yield of phate and home-made fertilizers, and, like the D. GREEK' LEAP. .
cotton over the cotton seed, while it gave four fellow who killed the rattle snake, I have the -
times the yield over the same land without any rattles to show. My trees are loo ing better ac- JACKSONVILLE, FLA., June 12, 1&)1.
fertilizer. Rev. T. W Moore, of Leesburg looked cording to age than adjacent groves upon which C. B. SMITH President Belleview Phosphate Co., CEDAR KEYS, FLA., Dec. 21,1891.
at this crop while in full fruitage and he said that commercial fertilizers have been UM'd.Iuc Jacksonville, Florida: C. B. Smith, President Belleview Mining Com-
at that time that the cotton fertilized by this soft lime, soft phosphate, stable manure and potash DEAR SIR-Enclosed: please find my order for I! pant:
phosphate had three time more fruit on it than will do me to make a grove with and I dou't two more cars ot Soft Phosphate. I have used I DEAR SiR-Yours of 17th received. It gives
that fertilized with cotton seed. Thinking this think I will come in behind in the race with the S \ J1ty-five tons of this Phosphate, and have I me pleasure to state that I have used nothing but
estimate may have been a little high I put it as chemical fertilizer men either. noticed with much interest its effect on my orange the Belleview Soft Phosphate on my grove the
above, but I am free to admit that be is a better "Any one having any doubts as to the solubility trees. The first car load I applied to something I past year, pnd I have been more than satisfied
judge of such matters than I am." of soft phosphate would have these doubts reover five hundred trees, and the results have been with the results. The trees are looking as well
J. T. Smith, writing from Levy count,say: "I moved by visiting a small grove in Welshton simply mar\elous. The adjoining five hundred as they have ever looked-- n when I used expensive
put soft phosphate on sixteen corn last which has had no other fertilizer in the past two trees received no fertilizing, and the difference fertilizers.; Many persons have heard of
spring about a four acre field of corn,on about an years than phosphate. It has not had any cultivation between the two fields is something wonderful.my experiment, and you phosphate has ad-
average quality of the land. I broadcasted the this season,and yet it is holding its own On one side every tree has started with a vigorous vanced in their estimation.Very .
oft phosphate over the land, after breaking up with well-worked and fertilized groves If not growth. The finest foliage that I have ever seen truly yours..
well, at about two tons per acre. Then I har soluble, what makes these trees grow; what : in a grove. The trees which received no appli- REV. P. R. HOLMAH

We offer this Phosphate at prices so low that it is in reach of every orange grower and gardener. Prices F. O. B. cars at Belleview, Florida :

Per ton, XJndX 10 Per tons DrIed, :irx: JBvxllt: :, JC3.OO
Per ton: :Burnt:, Ground: and tSaolcod $z 3.00

Put up in 200-pound sacks. Orders for less than one ton, 50 cents per ton extra. Terms, cash with order. Send orders, and apply for further particulars,

testimonials, freights, etc., to

C. B. SMITH, President and General Manager, Jacksonville, Fla.



.- In compounding a solution a part was accldently spilled on the hand
-. and on washing afterward It was discovered that the Lair was com
nt I -- pletely" rt"mlJvtd.e at once put this wonderful preparation on the
I t; N market and so great has been the demand that we are now Introducing
GINGINNf1'TIand :::./f.T....._ It throughout the world under the name of Queen's Anti-liairlne.

FLORIDA @;ff@ '#,:{ :?:::.-r--: :.. Lay the balr over and apply the mixture for a few mlnutrs. and the
:;::!g $t hairdlaappearssalt by magic without the slightest pain or Injury when
?.;' :rY= ?' '' applied or ever afterward. It leunlikeanyotherpreparationeverused
LIMITED. .' =f.' i fora like purpose. Thousands L.AD1FS who bave been annoyed
. W@P@ :;" .-. .-;:"' with hair on their CE.1'iEClt and ARMS attest its merits.UENTI.M:1IENwhodonotappreclateabeardorhairontheirneck.
:-k"f; : : ,
Finest : = rfind a priceless boon In Qtiren's Anti-lIahlnewblcb does aW.7Wllh
from end to end. Solid train carrying Pullman's Buffet Drawing
r T Shaving, by rendering Its future growth an utter Impossibility
Room Sleeping Cars from ST. AUGUSTINE to CINCINNATI without change. Lighted with gas. Price of Queen's Antl-Halrlne f 1. per bottle safety malllnr boxes postage, paid by us(securelj
Day Coaches have conveniences of toilet,smoking apartment, etc., and are attended by an experienced sealed from observation). Send money or stamps by letter with full uddrewi written plainly. Correspondence
strictly confidential. This' advertisement Is honest and straight forward In every word It
porter. No extra charge. Leaves St. Augustine Dally, 11:0 A. M.; Jacksonville, 1:15 P. M.; Calla. contains we Invite yon to deal with n4 and you will find everything renrMented. Cut this but and
han,133 P. M.;Waycrots, 4-35 P. M.;Jesup 6:10: P. M. Arrives Macon,11:2:: P. M.;Atlanta,2:40: A.M.; sendtOKlay.( Address:. QUEEN CHEMICAL CO., 174 Race Street, CINCINNATI, O. You can
register your letter at any Post Office to Insure its safe delivery. W> will pay WOO; for any imseorrajlure
Chattanooga, 8:00 A. M.;Cincinnati,7:20 P. M., and Chicago, 7:00 A. M. or slightest Injury to any pnrchaner. Every bottle guaranteed.

SP ECIAL 1-To ladles who Introduce and sell among their friends 25 Bottle of Qneen'a Atltt-n&frtB1"
THE OlflO SPECIAL! :"SOLID TRAP.Pullman we will present with a SILK DRESS 15 yards belt silk. :Extra Large
of silk to select from sent with order. Good Salary or Commission to Agenta.

and Mann Buffet Sleeping Cars from JACKSONVILLE to CINCINNATI without change.

Leaves Jacksonville Dally, 7:33: P. M.Callahan, 8:10 P.M.; Waycross, 10:30 P. M.; Jesup, 11:55 P.M.} DEAFNESS SPATE BANK OF FLORIDA

Arrives at Macon, 5:12 A. M.; Atlanta 8:25 A. M.; Chattanooga, 2:00 P. M. Leave Chattanooga .
P.. M., arrives in Cincinnati, 7:20 A. M., and Chicago 6:30:: P. M. ITS CAUSES AND CURE, ISCOni'OKATED.."

Through Sleeping Cars l leave Chattanooga for Washington, Philadelphia and New York at 8:35 A. M.; Scientifically treated by an aurM of world-wide JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA.

g: .: Scenic Shenandoah Valley Route. cured reputation., of from Deafness 20 to 30 years'eradicated standing and, after entirely all $30,000.00REPAIR
Capital -
other treatments have failed. How the difficulty .

Rates to aU Eastern Points are a< low by these lines as by any all rail routes. For berth reservtiont .. is reached and the cause! removed, fully ex old Bibles
in make them
plained circulars, with affidavits and testimonials your family ; at
folders and all information,apply to any 'I icket Agent Florida,or to
of cures from prominent people, mailed as new. DaCcwta Printing and Publishing
free. House, Fla.
F. M. JOLLY Dist. Pass. Agt., 82 W. Bay St., Astor Block, JACKSONVILLE, FLA. l>r. A. FONTAINE, 19 East 14th St., N. Y.

Gen'l Pass. &Ticket Apt, Asst Gen'. Pass. Aet,
aad plating jewelry,watebci
i tableware, to Plate the
N Dueit of Jew Iry corf aii1 *
i ; sow, en ail kinds of metal I
4 with fold,lilrer or Bid.1.
de. e i y exp rtence. jre eapi::at.
Ere+y h intpla'ln Wholesale I,
-iifi..Wrl'e for circular
Von fJvlombtu,o.
A --
Notice to Shippers and Others Interested.On .

PUMPSTAADEIY March the 1st ult. I disposed of my interestin Clark's Cutaway
Fitting young men for the active duties of life. the CHICAGO SOUTHERN-FRUIT & VEGETABLE HARROWS AND CULTIVATORS.
THE DEMING CO SALEM O.i i Chartered; by of Virginia, and I in stock in width
endorsed the Chamber of Commerce, Council DESPATCH LINE and am no longer connected keep seven styles, cutting
by from two ((2)) to six feet at from f
((6)) 10.00
' HENION HUBBELL, and prominent citizensof the city where located. with; corporation as an official or stock holder. to 3i.oo.. Send for catalogue:
: Western Agents CHICAGO.; ILL. For catalogue circulars and testimonials,address
i EDWARD S. LEVY, E. S. HUBBARD Gen. State Agent
Writ for Catalogue and TKKATISJE OK SI'L\TU Cif. I I J. G.'DUNS Ok2. President staunton, Va. Chicago, HI. 4-i4-3t Federal Point Fla.rpr .

.. .,L. .







The magnificent Steamships of this Line are appointed -

to sail as follows, calling at Charleston, S. C.,

both ways :

From New York. From Jacksonville,
(Pier 29 E. R.) STEAMER Florida.

Wednesday, Apr. 27th, at 3 p. M...... ""ALGONQUIN," ...Tuesday, May 3d, at 10:30: A. M .'
Friday Apr. 29th, at 3 P. M "CHEROKEE," .:...Thursday, May 5th, at 12:00 N'N 'Vt :
Monday, May 2d, at 3 p. M..... "SEMINOLE, .......Sunday, May 8th, at 2:30: p. M 4idP/,1
May 6th, at 3 p. M....... IROQUOIS". ......Wedn sday,May nth, at 4:00: A. M
Monday, May 9th, at 3 p. M... .. ALGONQUIN," .....Sunday, May 15th, at 6:30: A. M
Wednesday May nth, at 3 p. M...... "CHEROKEE," ...Tuesday.. May Ij'th.at 8.00 A. M : wcJ
Friday May I3th at 3 p. at....... "SEMINOLE," .....Thursday, May 19th, at 10:30: A. M
[ondayay i6th, at 3 p. Joo...... IROQUOIS,". .....Sunday, May 22d, at zoo p. M
Friday May moth, at 3 P. M...... "ALGONQUIN" ......Thursday, May 26th, at 530= A. M :
MondayMay 23d, at 3 P. M:..... .CHEROKEE" .....Sunday, May 29th, at 7:00 A. M
Wednesday May 25th, at 3 p. M."SEMINOLE.Tuesday, May 3ist at 9x10 A. M
r Friday May 27th, at 3 P. J,[. .... "IROQUOIS" 0 Thursday, June 2d, at 10:30: A. M


Sanford, Enterprise and intermediate points on St. Johns River. The Elegant Iron Side-
Wheel Steamers "CITY OF JACKSONVILLE" Capt. W. A. Shaw ; FRED'K DsBARY" Capt.T. .
W. Lund Jr., are appointed to sail from Jacksonville, daily, except Saturday, at 3:30: p. m and
from Sanford daily except Sunday at 9 a. m. Stea.n.1er: : Jolxn: Gc Christopl1er

Leave 3:30: p. u.......... ............. ...Jacksonville............................Arrive 11:45 P. M
8x p. M.... ................ .......Palatica................. .......:......Leave 7:00 p. M FROM NEW YOKK. FROM JACKSONVILLE.:
1.30 A. M...... ................ .... ...Astor.................................. zoo: P. M Thursdays May 19 and June 2. Friday, May 27 and June 10.
II 2=4,5A. M........... ........... ....St. Francis............................... 12:45 p. M a
:: 5:00 A. M................... .... ...Beresford............................... 11-45 A. M Thl steamship hay been built especially for carrying Fruit and Vegetables, and {
6xo A. M.... ...... ........... ......Blue Springs..................... ......... 11:00: A. M perfeetlyrentiiutrd. Time brttrreriJu.kuo iriRPnnd A tr Yorkilaura.:
t Arrive 8x>o A. M...... .... ....................Sanford.. 9:00: A. M W. H. CHRISTOPHER, W. A. SOMERVILLE, JNO. G. CHRISTOPHER
9:15:: A. M.... ................0......Enterprise...... ..... .................. 9-30:: A. M
Agent, Jacksonville. Agent, New York. Gen'IMan'r, Jacksonville.Pier .
General Passenger and Ticket Office, 88 West Bay St., Jacksonville. 49, East River.
JOHN L. IiO1V+UtD. Florida Freight Agent. foot Laura Street, Jacksonville, Fla.
F. M. IRONMONGER: : Jr., Florida Passenger Agent, 88 West Bay St., Jacksonville, Fla.
MARSHALL II. CLYDE, Assistant Traffic Manager, 5 Bowling Green New York. SAVANNAH LINE. .
IV. F. OGDEN FAY, Traveling Passenger Agent, 88 West Bay Street.
TIIEO. G. EGEIt, Traffic Manager Bowling Green, New York.J. .

A. LESLIE, Superintendent, foot Laura Street, Jacksonville, Fla.WM. Time 53 to 55 hours between Savannah, New York and Philadelphia; and

x P. CLYDE & CO. Sen'l
Agents, between Boston and Savannah, 65 to 70 hours.

12 South Delaware Avenue, Philadelphia. fr Bowling Green, New York.



JACKSOti' 'ILLlrv IOI2IDA. PLl..ssLl..ce: : RCl.tcs; I
S Office 50 West Bay Street, Warehouses and Wharves at the terminus of the F. C. & P. R. R., St
Johns River East Jacksonville. Between Jacksonville and New York: First-class, $25.60 ; Intermediate, $19.00; Excursion $43.Set
Steerage, $12.50.

Manufacturers of Commercial Fertilizers. Jacksonville and Boston : Cabin $27.00; Intermediate, $21.00 j Excursion, $47.30; Steerage, $14.25
The magnificent Steamships of this Company are appointed to sail as follows: .

Wholesale dealers in and importers of all kinds of Agricultural Chemicals. FROM SAVANNAH TO NEW YORK.
Send and will mail from time to time much information -.
us your name we you general recardinluec.&fll1 :
[Central or 900 Meridian Time.]
oraige and vegetable vulture in Florida.WILLIAM
City of Augusta..... ............. ........... ........ .............. Monday, May 2d, io.ooa.nt
I EST.ABLISI-I: : 1S 'c;. Tallahassee... ........................................................Tuesday. May 3d 10.00 p.m
Kansas City............................................................ Friday, May 6th, 2.00 p.m
Chattahoochee ........................ .............................Saturday, May 7th 3.00 p.m
A. BOTJRS & CO. Nacoochee..... .................0 .....................................Monday, May 9th 2.00 p.m
City of Birmingham,: 0..................... ... ....... ..............Tuesday, May xoth 4.30 p.m
City of Augusta,: .... ....................................................Frjday.1\ay 13th, 6.00 a.m
WHOLESALE Tallahassee ......................................................... Saturday, May nth 7.00 p.m
Kansas City...........................................................Monday, May i6th, 8.00 p.m
Chattahoochee .................................................... Tuesday, May 17th, 9.00 p.m
Grain Garden Seeds and Fertilizers Nacoochee.................................................... ............Friday, May moth, la.oom
I City of Birmingham,: ............................................... Suturday, May 21st 1.30 p.m
City of Augusta,: ................................... .......... .... ...Monday, May 230} 3.oop.m
Tallahassee........................................................Wednesday May 25th, 3.00 a.m
20 WEST BAY STREET, JACKSONVILLE, FLA. Kansas City.................................................. ...... .0 0 Friday, May 27th 6.00a.tit
Chattahoochee......................................................Saturday, May 27th 7.00 p.m
I HANDLE ONLY THE BEST AND MOST RELIABLE SEEDS. A COMPLETE STOCK. Nacoochee. ..................................................... .....Monday, May 30th. 8.00p.m

.4 Hay Corn Oats Flour Bran Wheat Grits Meal City or 1\acon ...FROM...........SAVANNAH.......... .........TO......BOSTON...... .......Thursday May 5th, i.oop.m
Gate City.......................... .............,....................Thursday, May I2th, 5.30 p.m
City of :Macon....................................................... Thursday, May 19th, 10.30 a.m
COTTON SEED MEAL, Both Bright and Dark. Gate City......................................:......................Thursday, May 26th, 5.00 p.m
J. E. ( Ship does NOT Carry Passengers.)

Tygert&Co.'s Deggong,: .................................................................Monday, May 2d, io.ooa.rn
NITRATE SODA, Degsoug,: ............................................................... Thursday, May nth, 5.30 p.m
Star Brand Fertilizers, Deggoug......... ...................................... ......... ......Saturday, May 22d, i.oop.m
Comprising _a trim SULPHATE POTASH ,

Orange Tree and VegetableFERTILIZER. Connecting with the Savannah, Florida and Western Railway (Waycross Short Line), offer to the
4 KAINIT, Etc Traveling Public and Shippers advantages equalled by no other line.
Through Ticket and Bills of Lading issued to principal points North, East and Northwest via
These Fertilizers have no superior In the market and a trial will convince. Savannah. For information and rooms apply to
B. R. PRICE, Soliciting Agent, W. H. LUCAS Fla. Pass.Agent
GREAT OFFER TfflBfflr UPRIGHT PIANOS.Pianos 77 West Bay Street, Jacksonville. 77 West Bay Street Jacksonville.
R. L WALKER, Agent, C.G.ANDERSON AgenNew .
Pier No.35, North River, New York. City Exchange Building Savannah, Ga.
and FINEST FACTORY RICHARDSON & BARNARD. Agents, Lewis' Wharf, Boston.W. .
Organs, IN UNITED STATES. L. JAMES. Agent, 13 S.Third Street, Philadelphia.J. .
ready for QUICK SHIPMENTS of Finest D. HASHAGEN, Eastern Agent, Sav., Fla. &Western Ry. Co., 261
$36.Always Organs Direct to Your Homes. A. DeW.. SAMPSON, General Agent, W. E. ARNOLD. Gen.Trav.Agt., Jacksonville, Fla.
OH trill la 306 Washington st., B.*on. W. II. RHETT. General Agent
Joarhom.brforvp From REV.J AS. M. POTTS D.D. editor of Michigan For Tickets apply to S., F. & W. Railway office. 317 Broadway, New York.

tutor Christian Advocate,DetroitMich.: "To say that
are delighted with the Piano does not
we express
AddlCNThe the fact. We are jubilant. If all instruments DO you need stationery of any kind-paper*
your and ink? If so, send to D*Costa Printing SICKLY
1'.Bworer & Son Pianos Organ are as fine in appearance and as pleasing in tone as pens W-E
BEAVER FALLS PA this one,your patrons will rise by the hundred." and Publishing House Jacksonville, Fin i

From PROF. E. H. PECK Valhennoso Springs, Ala.: "We could not be pleased better with
tb.e easing or tone;quick in response and melodious. In short we are highly pleased with the organ." -I LOONG [HllOlI""
s From B. D. GRIGGS Adairsrille. Ga.: "I am well pleased with the organ in every respect. It is I sypPMFS / ;" ""'1'0*
i all you claim it to be." WEL Jf,,iiifl,0tcAifcW..
From Y. M. C.A., per J. G. COOLEY Hillsboro, N. C.: "The organ gives entire satisfaction. l''ttg.Wlttd&St.aM lIad',.f.c cfe|> *a!k.I nbJed to SPASMS The beet remedy an moat for likely this U the troubled..l.bni with" 4
Every one who has seen it is very much pleased with the instrument and Ote> price on the same." The American Well Works Aurora ilLu1SS.CAXALST.CHICAGO.ILL.l nunmd.B.A.FAHNESTOCK'SVERMIFUCC.1 I
From BEN. F. STEELE, Prescot, Ark.: "My lamily well pleased.k every respect with the I I raMit H...... Been II Yethat (In 11M aDd" verfall"I*. Obiirrpartt
er** How you sell them so cheap is a wond r."' ELM STREET.DALLAS TEXAS. f larty ''laltUli are B.A.Uuu aroUUnc iakttoai

V" """ :..r--
I l Ml'v-- .
---I.-- .tw n .w.'F.' .




Blood and: Bone, Chicago Bone l'\trea1, ,

Pure USLrxo Ground:: Bono, Dark: and: Bright Cotton Seed 'lea1: ,

Animal Bone and: Potash: Tobacco Stems: : .:

Blood, Bono and: Potash: Canada: Hard Wood Allies, .'

Pulverized Animal: Bone: Sulphate of Potash: &c. .:': ..
".1:' ;




GEO. E. WILSON, 50 West Bay Street, Jacksonville, Fla. ,":.; :

.,.(;"' ?
President. VicePresident.H. J.
By Buying the FERTILIZERS that are Manufactured by the OLD ESTABLISHED _
Cashier. Assistant Cashier.
CflPITflll $100,000. and RELIABLE FIRM, The


Respectfully solicits your Deposits, Colleetions-and General i

Banking Business.CORRESPONDENCE These FERTILIZERS are made especially for the -

INVITED. Orange, Vegetable and Pineapple Growers of Florida. ..

Southern Office and Warehouse at Jacksonville, Florida.

John L. Marvin, A. B. Campbell, Chas. Marvin, O. B. WEEKS, State Agent,
Jas. P. Tallaferro, T.W. Roby, Judge R. B.Archibald, j i
W. B. Clarkson, C. B. Rogers, W. M. Davidson,
No. 8 Bostwick Block.
Dr. H. Robinson. John E. Hartrldge.

.. TO ALL BUYERS Catalogue describing our Fertilizers, with prices and testimonials, Bent free .
: '. OF upon application.

--- -


all fowls sent
-- by express III1
:j? ; will go at one-half the former
Ct rates-a great saving to my cus
tomers. This is by special arrangement Bowker'sOrange
.r ... < and is confined to
y.1 Mt?.fowls from my yards.
if' We are the largest breeders 0261
,,... ; .6..thoroughbred poultry in Florida.
V Come and see our stock or send
'ci...' ,for our illustrated catalogue and
_' :/ *;.price list of 14 varieties Grower.
R,. -- ....' -' Poultry supplies of all kinds.
-f Incubators and Brooders, Shell
j and Bone Mills, Clover Cutters
,:j j Wire Netting,Desiccated Fish andBoiled
\ Blood and Bone to make FIRM FRUIT that holds on until it is
I Y r' henslay. BRIGHT
\ ; a strong, healthy, vigorous growth of
1 +
both tree and fruit are the results reported by large
w and experienced planters in Florida who
'Ormond, Fla are using

this popular Fertilizer. It supplies to the tree at the

NURSERIES OF THE proper time, in the proper form, and in the proper

Milwaukee FIDPida Dl'aqge Cu proportions maturity. ,all the elements to bring perfect, healthy

Selected strains of Choicest Varieties of Citrus Fruit Trees a Specialty.BuddingWood.
Our stock is large and complete. PROMPT ATTENTION TO CORRESPONDENCE. I
For Catalogue and Price-List,address GROWER are also special complete Fertilizers,

A. :L. DUNCAN, Manager, Dunedin, Fla. carefully and scientifically compounded for the purposes
mentioned, and are extensively used in Florida. Bow-.


KIAIE FOR SALE, combination for those requiring these- ingredients.
Chemicals at market rates.
or would exchange for bearing grove and pay
cash difference. Forty acres of rich Pine Ham I, Send for Illustrated Catalogue, Free.
PIANOS. mock land. Thirty acres cleared, together with ,I _
plank causeway, X mile long, with dock and ,,1 FERTILIZER )l A. M.
UNEQUALLED IN ferry x mile from Grahamville, on Ocklawaha '; BOWKER COMPANY. }J JACKSO VILLEEFLORIDA.Ts

Tone,Touch,Workmanship ti Durability River;4 miles from Silver Springs. AddressA. ,II

Baltimore,22 and 24 East Baltimore Street. TREAD WE'LL, L
New York, 118 Fifth Ave. .
Washington, 817 Market Space Redding Conn.

,*.*. '- '. ". 1"ii.. '". ? .,i;. : S !lor ... ._.,

.. '
4 .