Florida farmer & fruit grower
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055765/00232
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: S. Powers
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: May 12, 1892
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note: Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038466
oclc - 01387403
notis - AKM6256
lccn - sn 95026761
System ID: UF00055765:00232
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen

Full Text
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JACKSONVILLE FLA. MAY 12 1892. Whole No. 1214
Pr.oprletor Vol. IV,_No. 19.
r 0




57 CHATHAM ST., BOSTON. Imported direct from the Azores now readyjor delivery.

Price Catalogues of weekly sales furnishedon 1IAYNES, YOUNG & BAILEY, Superintendents, o
application. P. O. Box 492. ORLANDO, FLA.

ESTABLISHED 1B 4. ..= ] 3:
A13 0J. 3TEL1' IP U JR E.
r 0

BARNETT BROS.AGENTS, .. Hastin s' Improved\ (! Large e Purple EH E PlantNow ;o a -a c

Offered for the First Time Is Absolutely Pure.
"Wholesale Commission, Fruits and YegtUbles.Froxnpt v
return Stencil Seed of high vitality; plants strong:, vigorous and thornless; fruit large ; dark

______tviwith on:application.atPr4ttywt M\IMw. rich purple color; entirely free from light streaks ; weighs 5 to 6 pounds each. 0 And Building Meterial.CHARLESTON .

SUCCESSORS TO Packet, 10 cents; oz., 25 cents; oz., 50 cents ; \ lb., $1.75; lb., $6.00. ,

:166 Iteade Street,JVetp York. G. CO. BENTON & UPSON
H. < HASTINGS <& ,
o IN ; re JL,A.oWE rs :Fa LOI=II A. .
Oranges. Lemons, Pineapples, and all other
Fruits and early truck, also dried fruits,nuts, uAC SOf'4VII.1I.1E, FIlA.,

furs.All etc.consignments promptly remitted for. Sten- I. MAKE THEM !
cils and market reports furnished free.
References: Bradstreets,and established merchants IRRIGATING
and banks of the South._"": WHAT ARE THEY?

LILLY & CO.WHOLESALE, The' Virginia Ventilated Fruit CarriersFOR MACHINERY


No. 41-O Baskets, three-quarter No. 34-IG-qnart gift crate.
No. 42--4 one-half nUMhf"I.1 No. 30-32- If If "
COMMISSION I MERCHANTS. No. 50-2 If No. 30-32- standard crate.

Send for catologues, prices and samples. Steam and Horse Power.
218 King Street, Chattanooga,Tenn.

Consignment Solicited.___ SOUTH SIDE MFG. CO., Petersburg, Va.


AMERICAN EXOTIC NURSERIES. A ;;;: v Southernmost Establishment in U. S. Pipe, Pipe Fitting, Brass

JVetr, Jtttrc and JJleflattt 1'lantf of livery b FC ESTABLISHED 1883. Valve, Hose, Etc.
Dracrtlt i un; x
t Rare new fruits; Shrubbery;Ornamental plants-Palms,Orchids,Ferns,
Palms, Orchids, Cacti and Bamboos. t o Bamboos, Cactus, Conifers, Aquatics. Stock safely shipped over the whole WRITE FOR ESTIMATES.

Shade and ornamental trees and shrubs for Southern } world. Fine illustrated catalogue of 100 pages sent on receipt of IDC. Clean,

for lawn the and greenhouse gardens. or Choice conservatory.exotic plants o ...)4 p healthy stock. Low prices.! PEARS FOR PROFIT IN THE SOUTH.

all the leading varieties budded from bearing
---- -
trees on our own grounds and guaranteed JENNINGS NURSERYTHOMASVILLE Co. .t I

All the New and true Desirable to name. Tropical JOHN CLARK SON & CO. GA. ; -
Fruits. Our S3 page Illustrated and DeSC'npth"cCataloguc "---
for 1892: tells all about these things,and fix days f"F iju (bun
is sent free to applicants. AddressR. anj varlrtvtr tMiatibe'
o D. HOYT, Manager, Gw-6U cam' Agrl-u ri Fat. c.i atidr
Seven Oaks, Fla. GROCERS AND COMMISSION)MERCHANTS greenhDNhite at u m-va.N Y pulp Color"I

1'II.ter, fWf't rid do.
!U..Sou... The nilysr.pe'b
POULTRY FOOD I IN- T thai ranks...* aril flat> qurlitfi boo h I IeuUa. lfl.

Coal Hay Grain WMfTiquors Cigars Tobacco Etc.JACKSIO ..., .- .,:" cur>acli r'Yln.cri.ie scaled:('f1 IraCo-wllb
mark latxl. Setm' tot
::tljt .rew.rtun.,, ,. r formation. Altf'nla w need
.IOrrra rEv vVToy *o'',s. New t au all. CUr
:: ILLT 1'LA.
s ------- ---

-- ---- ---
Trade Mark.
Will Make lien Lay! = RuPE SEtVA E.

Will Make Chickens Grow! ....................................81 7o: I J. Martin Rye........:................$3 00
AND GOOD FOR MOULTING FOWLS. Orange Valley.......................... 2 00|I Virginia Glades .............. ......... 4 00
This food is strictly fresh meat, carefully Irlng'.alley...... ..................... 2 50 I Old Itoiirboii........................... 5 00
North Carolina Corn................... 2 5O I I Kentucky Sour Marsh .... ............ 5 00
cooked ground fine seasoned and hermetically Clifton Club ............ ............... | Old Baker ................... ......... 5 00
sealed in 8.lb. cans. Being ground fine it can .: :Montrose Velvet............... 8G OO
be readily mixed with soft food and fed so as to
give each fowl equal share. Trice 30 cents **" Jug! Extra: One gallon, 25C.; two gallon,soc.; three gallon, 75C. Remit by post office money
order,check or registered letter. We cannot ship C.O. D. to dry b wnl.
per can ; 13.m per dozen. Address IIOLLIS A complete price list of Groceries and_ .Wine List, cent free on application.] _ ____
DRESSED MEAT & WOOL, CO., 20 North, "
Boston,Mass. [Mention paper.] b..o i L JOHN CLARK, SON & fruklt ra10.' I.3Itu.D worn WID ran:to..tWc.wo:









_: __- T _: T It will destroy the SPIDER which is causing the fruit and leaves to drop and

in many cases killing the limbs. .

It will kill the MOVING SCALE. This is the hatching period and now is the time to spray. -

It will destroy: the RUST MITE, of which Hubbard found 60,000 on a single leaf, thereby saving the cost of feeding such an enormous

mass insect life, and by their destruction secure bright fruit.It .

will not only pevant the oranges from rusting, but give them a bright, sparkling color that.can be obtained in no other way.

.It will cure FOOT ROT and prevent infection and spreading. .
It will destroy FUNGUS and LICHEN GROWTH, giving the trees a healthy appearance.

It will, as Mr.A-sline (Axline & Markely, Cincinnati) says, return you ten dollars for every one that it will cost.


One Quart inv 50 Gallops of Water is Sufficient. Spraying Outfits in Great Variety at Manufacturers' Prices.

. '
E. BEAD, j"ac1isol.1"ille: : ]'11x.



Is the most effective compound yet discovered for destroying the insects infesting the orange tree, and is a sovereign
remedy for the various forms of fungi on trees and plants. Being free from all substances of a caustic, corrosive or pois-

onous nature, it can .be handled with perfect safety to the person, and applied to the trees at any stage of growth without

This insecticide has been used by some of the largest orange growers in the State during the past two years, and has
given perfect satisfaction.: : References furnished on application. .
For Rust Mite use one quart to fifty gallons of water. When used at this strength the trees should be sprayed for

the Rust Mite twice a month through the season. Where labor constitutes the principal item of expense in spraying trees .
it is better .and Cheaper to use the Insecticide at full strength, viz.: One gallon of solution to 50 gallons of water, as the
fumes from the Insecticide will kill the Rust Mite even if the solution should not happen to touch them. In using the

Insecticide at this strength it will save three or four sprayings through the season, thereby reducing the cost from one-
third to one-half.: This is an Advantage Possessed by no Other Preparation of Sulphur. If used in this manner it
will also kill the other insects that may be moving on the trees.

For Red Spider and Scale, ,use one gallon to fifty gallons of water. General directions for using sent on application.Price .
20c. Per Gallon, in barrels. If there is no agent in your vicinity, write for price delivered. '

Spraying Apparatus furnished to our customers at
& MILLER, San Mateo and Citra, Fla.



--AID- .

f $* THE -?- FLORIDA -+- DISPATCH -*. LINE -fc r rlrr. .


The Great Fast Express Freight System of the South.

-- The attention of shippers Is directed to the Plant S. S.Line between Havana, Key West and TJ South. Florida Railway between Tampa and Sanford;S., F.&W. Ry.between Jacksonville,
Gainesville, Bainbridge, River Junction and Savannah;Savannah and Charleston,and Ocean St<.;: Lwcen Savannah, Philadelphia, Boston and New York, and Merchants and Miners
Transportation Company between Savannah and Baltimore. The best equipped, fastest and must pro.. '. teen all point in Florida and all points North and Northwest.
Receivers and Shippers Will Profit by the :FofT? Unparalleled Connections:
Double daily fast freight service for all points West via Albany, Jesup, Bainbridge and Double daily fast freight service from all points North and West via Albany, Bainbridge Jesup
Savannah. and Savannah to all points in Florida; fast freight trains both via Gainesville,Jacksonville Calla-
Daily fast freight all rail connection via the Atlantic Coast Line to all Eastern Interior and han and Live Oak '
Coast points,including New York,Boston, Philadelphia,Baltimore, Washington and Providence. Four ships week by the fleet steamships of the Ocean Steamship Company, sailing from New
Four connections a week for New York via Ocean Steamship Company, leaving Savannah York(New Pier 35. North River,)direct for Savannah Monday, Wednesday, Friday and saturday.
Mondays,Wednesdays, Fridays and Saturdays. The Boston and Savannah Steamship Company's steamers will leave Boston May 5,12, 19 and 26
Two connections a week for Baltimore,via Merchants' and Miners' Transportation Company for Savannah direct,making connection on the dock at Savannah with fast freight trains for all
leaving Savannah every Wednesday and Saturday. points in Florida.
Connections for Boston via Boston and Savannah Steamship Company, leaving Savannah May From Philadelphia via Ocean Steamship Co.,leaving Philadelphia May 7, ij,37,every five days
5, ii, '9 and 26. from regular sailing day via New York to Savannah.Connections .
for Philad Iphia every ten days via Ocean Steamship Company, leaving Savannah From Baltimore via Merchants and Miners Transportation Co., every Tuesday and Friday.
May 2. 12 22. making close connection with S.,F. & W. Ry.,for all points in Florida.Sahing .
days for Steamships are subject to change without notice.
The Florida Dispatch Line Is the quickest and best freight route from all points North, East and West to Florida. For full particulars, rates, stencils and shipping
receipts apply to any agents of the above lines, or to W")1. I'. IIAKDKR: : Gen'l :f""l"IJhtgrnt, Savannah, Ca.
C. D. OWENS Traffic Manager Savannah Ga. F. U. PAPY,Asst. Traffic Manager, Savannah, Ga. IV. 31. DAVIDSON, Gen'l Passenger.,Jacksonville, Fla.
J. P. JORDAN Trav. .Agent Qulncy. J. E. DKAYTON, Trav. .Agent Jacksonville.






,H' /MERiFROlT&ROW C Ce2.oo



;' .. Qrove' and Orchard, position of the expressed juice whichis HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY. Raged in conditions.that pursuit under widely different -

tc be fermented, and principally
Fifth Annual Meeting at Ormond, They first entered into the business with
the correction of the the
juice to necessary all the blind and
Orange Wine-I. May 3, 4 and 5. unreasoning enthusiasmof
degree of acidity and saccha- a new convert, and the latter adheredto
Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower:
rine matter. You will readily see ADDRESS BY PRESIDENT ADAMS. his old practices with the obstinate
With reference to our last convercation stupidity of the religious bigot. Some-
that a chemist only, who is able to Some dozen of .
about the remedies which years ago a or so gentlemen times it has happened that those who
analyze the juice and determine its whose thoughts at midday and
come here without horticultural
experience -
would offer themselves for the promo composition in short order, is thee dreams at midnight were of Florida hor- at all have any succeeded best, for
tion of the orange interests and th for ticulture, met in the parlors of the Ocala have the
competent person superintending they great advantage of havingno
House. Then and there the:Florida State
relief of the fruit growers in Florida the orange wine factory. wrong habits to eradicate.
Horticultural Society was ushered into
t in ,such years as the past one, we beg With regard to the productivity of being. It was a diminutive infant and And right here let me say that this

to submit the following: oranges for the purpose of orange wine its sponsors placed it in my hands to be eradication of wrong practice and theories -

It appears utterly necessary to pro manufacture, we would say : One nursed through its first years of helpless many of which are venerable with
is the stubborn
most obstacle in the
vide for an outlet for the in thousand will yield about ness. I accepted the charge with many age.
oranges oranges of horticultural The most
way progress.
{misgivings, but the infant proved to be
cases when the market is overstockedand twenty three gallons of juice, from of! good stock and imbued with right insurmountable difficulty in the way

the prices reduced to such a de- which, after fermenting, clarifying, principles, and blood will tell. I have of planting advanced ideas is the preoccupancy -

gree that a profit cannot be any more etc., about twenty gallons of wine will the honor and take great pride in to day of the field by the old crop.It .

obtained by shipping the fruit. This be obtained. By assistance of artifi Exhibiting to its sponsors and the peopleof heaviest is like planting part of an the orange labor grove.consists The in
outlet is evidently found in the best cial refrigeration, the quality of the ing on his fifth my charge year,and now I am just sure enter-you clearing the ground. It takes time,

manner by establishing an orange wine to be produced can be exactly will all agree that he is a well-grown, labor and money and perseverance to

wine factory, which, with regard to controlled, and while the percentageof vigorous, healthy lad of his age who grub up and kill the old growth that
Florida circumstances promises of usefulness to his cumbers the ground. When that is accomplished -
should be alcohol in the directly fermented many years
native State, and to be a source of just it is an easy and pleasanttask
I built and carried on upon the cooperative juice may not exceed eight degrees, I pride to the authors of his being. to introduce the improved fruit.

plan. by addition of sugar before ferment- It is exactly so in improvement in

Many of your readers will say right ing, a product can be obtained which OUR WORK.It horticultural methods. The old practices -

here: Why! the idea of wine manu- will keep readily in any climate with is well that our society grows in are planted thick and rooted deep.
numbers and in
strength, the work it They are antiquated, but we are accus-
facture sounds very reasonable, but it out pasteurizing, and which is "equalto has in view is vast and new problemsare tomed to them and we hesitate to lay

is too uncertain an undertaking, because the best sherry. We will say right constantly offering for our solution. violent hands on these venerable herita-

the quality of the product ob here, that 75 per cent. of all the sher- The most thoughtful and scientific as ges. But the world moves and they must

tained will not be equal at all times. ry sold in England under this name, well as the most practical minds of the go.
State have united to give the whole
We will not deny that failures but wine. people ERRORS IN HORTICULTURE.I .
many is nothing genuine orange the benefit of their researches and
have been experienced in the manufacture We shall, at another time, publish a I practices. Much\ good has been done and can remember when the wisest and
of wine but will much valuable information has best theologians taught me that man was
orange ; we complete estimate of the cost of erect- gone born
certainly maintain our assertion! that : ing and conducting an orange wine forth through the energy of the public saved from totally everlasting depraved punishment and could only be
which has.en
spirited liberal
all such failures can be traced back to factory, and we will, at present, only space to press the publication of our discus- by certain modes of procedure. They

insufficient experience in most cases, say in this regard, that the way of sions. But the State would have been don't teach that now. The great major-
1. combined with inadequate facilities the had ity of the horticulturists of today seem
building such a 'factory on the cooperative largely; gainer our Legislature
for the manufacture of such rrtade provision for distributing this store to be possessed of the idea that a fruit
orange plan, appears to us the most
of tree comes into the world totally depraved -
information in the
more permanent
wine.. feasible one, which also could be car form of a bound volume. It is most in all its tendencies and that its

If we speak of an orange wine factory ried out at any moment without in- sincerely hoped that our next Legisla- every impulse of growth is to grow

r. in Florida we mean a well arranged commoding the orange growers in ture will furnish means to preserve and wrong. We are taught that the tap root
substantial establishment with dissemminate the valuable information crows too deep and must be cut off: the
tt... Florida in and which would
r way
all ., which is now fully available only to the top grows too high and must be headed
necessary storing and fermenting Dnng tnem very great proms from the comparatively few who attend these back; the branches grow too thick and
rooms provided with ample machineryand sale of the product obtained, while it meetings. If the result of our studies must be thinned out. We must cut it

above every thing, with an artifi- would, without any doubt, offer the and practice could be made freely available to make it vigorous and mangle it to

cial refrigeration. The temperature in desirable outlet for the oranges if the to our whole people we could pur- make it bear.I .

+ Florida is not such that a fermentation market is overstocked, and if the com- ; sue our work with renewed courage and fully believe that this doctrine of the
increased efficiency.The total depravity of inanimate things must
may, at any time, be carried on mission merchants refuse to pay the
and that we shall learn to recognizeand
work of is
with equal safety and while we acknowledge prices sS ed Florida our society :
by our orange 1. How to grow fruit. respect the laws of nature as revealed -
i 'that a first class orange growers. 2. How to transport our fruit. by the evident wishes, so to speak,

wine may have been manufactured SERGE MALYVAN, 3. How to sell our fruit. : of our living though inanimate compan-

without a cellar which is kept at a Chemist, When we consider that in each and all I ions. There is a general and well-
of these things we are only on the threshold founded belief that our fruit trees are
constant, sufficiently low
temperaturewe DR. OTTO GROTHE,
each year more and more subject to the
the of task is
magnitude our
are of the opinion that on the large DR. W. KUES. e". appar- attack: of disease and the ravages of in-

scale a refrigerating apparatus is indispensable Ocala, May 7. DEAI ER'"ae[ new-comerto our State is amazed tects. These things do not happen so.
and that this is the necessary ---- ---.' ,A'd confused at the conflicting modes of They are so, and they are so as the legitimate -
Those who have .J "practice and the advices effect of some cause. If we look
safeguard for a product of equal persons 4\qpo\ conflicting ten
about us at the native trees in ham-
dered. The result is he doesn't our
take the
in truck
good quality and taste. farming on a jcaie are
mock and woods
pine at the wild grass
advice of and resolves
We will further the ones who will make the most anyone to experi-
remark that the ment for himself. He then starts out in and wild flower, and the luxuriant

supervision of an experienced, skillful money the present season. Reason- the (to him) unknown sea and drags on Jessamine and wild grapevines, we shall

chemist (not apothecary) is, accord. they have been able to water their the same shoals that we have dragged, find them generally in comfortable
health. We shall find them
ing to our opinion, another necessity, crops.-Gainesville Sun. strikes on the same rocks that we have holding
own fairly well-as well as they ever
struck follows the "false
and we would, in support of this as- More cattle have been lost in this the shore", that have same led so many lights to de-on lid-against the attacks of insects. The

sertion, refer to our modern beer section from being bogged this season struction. And yet we are making oak bears acorns as abundantly as ever

breweries, which, exceptionless, are than ever before. It is a pity to see SUBSTANTIAL PROGRESS. and the grape vine shows no sign of failing -

conducted by an experienced such fine stock follow productiveness or vigor,and yet our
brewing recedingwater
It is
a happy sign that our most cultivated plants and trees are to be
master who has sufficient knowledge till they get caught in the terri- thoughtful and successful practical men |sprayed and irrigated to keep off the red

of the incidental fermenting, clearingand ble grasp of' the marsh and are sucked are unlearning so many things that werea ; spider,scale,rust mite and drouthcut; off

storing process. To this superintendent's I to their death. Hundreds of dollars damage to them. A great proportion I the taproot, dead wood and surplus
would I of those engaged in horticulture in Florida -' branches to "let in the sunlight and air,"
care appertain for would the loss of cattle
not cover '
who had hor- and
are men previously no year by year the old insects get
instance, the supervision of the comi in this manner. ticultural experience at all or had en- thicker and new ones appear, diseases






multiply, and our diseased insect-in- and over grades and curves that on-our I money, the State Horticultural Society I don't get you the Indians are liable to

fested, poison-saturated mutilated fruit coast lines are unknown. A man in hopes to have a beneficent influence.We break out any time, and slaughter right

trees bear mute testimony to our mistaken Minnesota can send a bushel of wheat to hope to make men better morally, and left. They did so fifty years ago;

practices. Liverpool, 4,500 miles, for less money more intellectual mentally, more agree- didn't you hear about it?" A few people

OUR ENEMIES. than we can send a box of oranges to able sociall For, meeting together, from all parts of the country droppedin

Stop and think. All around us are I Jacksonville. In a matter like this, we shall be better fitted in every way for ; some hadn't money enough to get

fruit, nut and leaf bearing trees and : where the success of a business dependson the duties of home and citizenship. We away, others dreaded the journey, some

vines in all the luxury of primitive times. the fair division of income, it oughtto shall get new ideas of chow to make our I were pleased and all have beautiful

Nature in her own unapproachable way be amicably arranged so that producer' homes enjoyable by adding new beauties, homes now.

cultivates and irrigates and manures and and carrier can each have a fair propor- new comforts and new pleasures.In Then the buck stage and mail was established -

prunes them. The health and vigor and tion. Much was hoped from our State short, let us make these meetingsso to St. Augustine, the driver

long life of her plantations is palpable.Let Railroad Commission, but it proved such I pleasant and valuable that we shall sometimes at 12 o'clock at night campingout

failure that the all be to and homes using the mail bag for a pillow and
us take heed. Let us get our cue an abject Legislature I -glad come, our so ,
from nature and work in harmony with legislated it out of existence and very lovely we shall all be glad to return to at times when he arrived at Ormond he

her laws. So long- as we work with nature few tears have been shed over its grave. them. found he had left the mail bag where he

and in accordance with her laws our That same Legislature proved itself a ADDRESS: OF WELCOME BY C. A. slept, thirty miles away. That did not

work will be easy and our reward sure.I flatter failure than the Commission by IJACOX.Mr. worry us, for we expected little money

am fully convinced that the first cause failing to enact something better in its President Ladies and Gentlemenof and few cheques in those days. Thenwe

of our trouble with insects and disease is place.If the Florida, Horticultural heard of one, U. J. White, over at
the unnatural condition under which we the fruit growers of the State have Society: Rolleston who had two streaks of rust
The word welcome is to
influence it should be and inadequate express this A committee waited .
grow our trees. It is a well establishedfact any steadily the of the of Or- way.
actively exerted in favor of such legisla- feelings people him and persuaded him that we
that any tree or animal which is in mond this receive upon
an abnormal condition,and from that or tion as will have the rates of transportation the solid day;and we are proud of to had a good country over here. He visited -
men women our truly
any other condition of lowered vitality, fixed by a competent and disinter- horticultural State and Wall street, found the Napoleon, S.
") becomes at once subjected to the at- ested tribunal which will deal fairly and have visited; although you V. White, and he having a sister at
justly with producer and carrier. might us at a more auspi- Ormond and wishing to visit her con-
tacks of insects, fungus and disease. The cious time to at best
see us our yet wear
MARKETING\ AGENCIES. sented to drop $200,000, and the railroadwas
fact that our fruit trees are more at- here The "Frost
One of the burning questions which .glad you are today. built to the East Coast.
tacked in this than the native treesis
way ? has been around of late and he
confronts us is how to sell our fruit. The affrighted deer his note of
positive proof that our mode of treatment is fickle old and his fin- gave
a man snappeth
We have made perceptible in warning the black bear leaped the
has resulted in lower vitality. Our progress here and there like : over
scientific and practical men have shown growing fruit but not in marketing it. gers maiden with lovers, and a coquettish would scrub and put for cover; the natives

how to kill fungus and insects by spray- It takes very little penetration to see that many ;to we ceased to crack their whips, their women

ing with various poisonous solutions. consigning our fruit to the tender mer- respectfully when request you put on green We raised their hands in horror and exclaimed -

cies of commission merchants in distant glasses visiting our groves. "Them Yankee notions have
That is good, but it will be better if we well know that will all
can learn to so cultivate and feed our' markets is a crude and unsatisfactoryway of you and shall carry do awayan come; where be our cattle and hogs?
but we have found nothing better. opinion us, we our Light'ud is getting scarce will for
we put
trees that, like the forest, they shall be best make that ;
to opinion a good one. "
able of their strength to shako off insects About six years ago the Florida Fruit Miami.
If fail it will be fault of the heart.
we no
and fungoid foes. Who dare say that Exchange was organized and we all had We receive from the Then up rose our Anderson and he
this cannot be done? A great many of high hopes that it would meet the want. fact that are pleased either interested you said to Price, "Let us build a hotel,"and
That it handled about 10 cent. you are or en- they said to people of Ormond
our worst insects and fungus growthsare year per in the first of ,
of the of the State. The next gaged great calling man, "Build and will that
very particular in their tastes, and avery crop year I and must of be the last in a bridge we see the
slight change of condition is fatal. about the same. The results achievedby necessity hotel is built." It was done. In the
which he will be soil
In one location the rust mite is at this organization have been such thatit and the tree.engaged-tilling the meantime we grew in other ways apace,

home : a hundred feet away some difference has about held its own, handling 10 Out nursing of the earth all riches and to-day we have the State Horticul-

in the soil makes its existence im per cent. of the crop each year until this the horticulturist come farmer and, tural Society with us,and.Mr. President,

possible. What is that difference in the year's report shows the handling of about miner through through them railroads, built we hand you the keys and cheerfully give
9 cent. This would seem to show ; are the members and their friends the free-
soil? Can we find and apply the missinglink per ; and maintained steamboat lines estab-
? Our grove is intested with red that from some reason this institution lished and Atlantic cables laid. But do dom of our city.

spider; our neighbor's grove is never has not succeeded in getting the confi- they receive a proper proportion of the :REPORT: OF COMMITTEE ON GRAPES.
tell ? red dence of the orange of the
harmed. Can we why The growers
of their labor? It
profits is said a manmade
spider is in our grove because the condi- State, though I1n confident a large million dollars Wall Six years ago there was not an acre
such make residence there majority have given it an opportunity to one on streetin of cultivated in
tions arc as a three days. Did he make it? No! vineyard Orange
pleasant. He is not in the other grove show its ability to get money for oranges. ; lIe simply transferred the credits from county. On April i3th of this year
The fruit of :Florida will needno
because the conditions are not suited to growers
other men's books to his own. Every there was organized at Orlando a
his fastidious taste. Die-back attacksone urging to patronize the mode of
which will the dollar a farmer gets he earns, but he Grape Growers' Association and at
grove and does not another simply marketing get most money don't half the dollars he does ,
because the conditions in one case are for their fruit and so long as commissionmen get one that meeting there were representedthree

unnatural and produce the disease, and give us the most money they will earn.Mr. President, perhaps it will not be hundred and fifty acres of vine-

in the other there is nothing to cause it. get the most fruit. ; out of for to few yards and there hundredmore
place me give a pointsin are fully one:
As tillers of the soil, as advanced horti- Three years ago the Orange Growers'Union
the history of our town, and why you of in the
culturists, I believe we should direct was organized and a vigorous acres vineyards county
find the Ormond the
effort made to unite the I name on map. that were not represented at said meet-
more of our study to prevent disease in- orange growersin About the 1874 number of !
year a mechanics -
stead of causing it, to prevent the prop- some general plan for marketing the in the shops of the city of New ing.Most
agation of insects and fungus as more crop. That organization came to an end
Britain, Conn., becoming tired of being of the vines planted are Ni
from causes too well known to need
effectual and cheaper than killing repe-
rung in and blown out for years, conceived agara. The soil and climate of South
tition. The Home Market or Orangeand
This broadens and
them. subject deepens -
the idea of milder
Vegetable Auction is another scheme going to a cli- Florida seem well adapted to
as I approach it, and it cannot be mate where there grape

treated at length on such an occasion, from which the growers hoped much. fresher, air to breathe.was more They room formed and a growing, and at the rate of planting

but I hope thought will be turned in this The indomitable energy and the unfail- colony and sent some of their membersto that has been made the past six years
faith of its deserved
ing suc-
direction. manager out the land. After the will be of
idea spy a delightfulwalk industry vast importanceto
cess. The seemed plausible to bringall
After we have MARKETING. fr.uit.itmus.t i the fruit and all the buyers togetherat of sixty miles from St. Augustine, Florida in the next decade. The
grown ojir !
be sold in the market, anil that market Jacksonville and sell them near home.A principally drink on the arrived beach, without waterto White Niagara has largely] led all other
somewhat discouraged
in this day only can be reached by steam. good many buyers came and a good atIr.\ Bostrom's, the only varieties so far, yet there: are several
The production of fruit is a.legitimate deal of fruit was sold. But here was the others
settler but one at this pjint. They purchased promise well.]] The Dia-
industry and such industry should havea trouble: The buyers did not dare to bid
one thousand acres of land of mond a new white is doing
fair reward. The transportation of for they knew that the market for which grape,

- fruit to market is also a legitimate in- they were buying was liable at any timeto "Live worth Oak Swift the, who live said oak all and Floridawas well on higher pine land; also the

dustry and should have a lair reward. be glutted with a deluge of fruit consigned hides. The was next year the families came'gator, Duchess. I have as fine Duchess as

That one of these should take more thana by growers to commission men or palmetto houses were built and I ever saw North. The great objec-

fair proportion of the proceeds of a crop consigned by the Fruit Exchange to the roads opened and one cut grovesplanted out to tion I now see to it is its early start
auction either both of which
of fruit is clear I room, or
a injustice. am clearlyof
Volusia the St. Johns.
would cause them loss. on gay "cut ing of new growth. It showed leaf
the opinion that at present the "
grower out. Yes. by a man on horseback,
NO BETTER WAY YET FOUND. buds fully two weeks earlier than the
does not get a fair proportion of the I trees
the flatwoods
So sad though it be, I said we have as blazing through The
money his fruit sells for. !around and There Niagara. Delaware is very prom-
swamps. was
The Florida Fruit Exchange reports its yet found no better way to sell our fruit when
a stage line established on this road consisting ising grafted on the Niagara.The .
than to it to the commission
sales this season at about $[1.73 consign men.
gross per of of mules Herbemont is
Kentucky the
a pair and. a most vigorousand
We don't do that because like it
box and net to the 81. From this way we
grower but because we for I wagon ,without springs; $5 was most profuse bearer of all varietiesI
$1 must be deducted at least 40 cents for grow oranges money for trunk and
and that 'brings the most charged a from $12 to $20 have on trial. I have several vines
boxes, wraps and labor, leaving the way money. for each passenger. We well remember
grower about 60 cents. This analyzesthus We need a better way and must have it. bringing our better half and child over planted two years last March which

: Grower 55 cents; box, etc., 40; The Fruit Exchange had an inning atJacksonville this road in a mule cart. The hub of now are carrying from seventy-five to

Fruit Exchange 13; transportation 62- & few days ago. The Home the wheel struck a post on the bridge, to one hundred and fifty bunches each.
Market\ will have an inning at Gainesville -
$1.75. The gets a trifle under
grower the tumbled out and rolled under
one-third what his sold for and in a few days, and another move body The vine is perfectly healthy. The
oranges the mule. I love that mule he did not
some one else gets two-thirds. will be made in Orlando of the growers kick. There tears;that Eaton: is not so promising; same with
were no night
themselves little later. Out of these
TRANSPORTATION.The but the heart was heavy. Missouri Riesling and Worden. Mon-
and consultations let
cost of transportation from Floridais something meetings will be developed to give us hope the About this time the real estate gentleman tifiore, subject to anthracnose: and the
than double what it is from Cali- the St. Johns
in his work.
more grower a fair reward for his toil. on got leaf burning in our hot dry sun.Norton's .
fornia per mile, notwithstanding our "What, going to the East coast? Don't

roads are largely sustained by way business OUR HIGHER TASKS. you do it; :you can't get there and if you Virginia and Cynthiana are

,while the Pacific roads run hundredsOf Besides the growing and marketing of do the mosquitoes, rattlesnakes and worthy of trial; both good wine grapes.

miles through uninhabited waste j our fruits and. the mere making" "-. _of 'gators will eat you up; and if they Elvira is so far a failure, with the



freeze of March 17, '90, and April 7, firmed its excellent qualities but had very good. Hacheya is the largest can save of a manurial nature into his
'91. I would not throw it out with also found it too tender. It would variety, conical, corrugated at the grove; he even throws stable manure .
out farther trial. Ives does very well I not stand the ordeal of the rainy sea- base, has few seeds. Okame is round, around over the surface, but does not
but is too poor a grape to grow whereso son. At one time he had a promiseof a trifle flatter than the Hyakume. plow it under or bother with it any
many better varieties do so well. 100 bushels of figs, but when the Zengi is the smallest, dark flesh, very further. He never yet saw a man
To meet with the best results in rain came on they split and soured ; sweet. Yemon is flat, nearly seed- who was willing to stake his grove on
viticulture in Florida we must resortto and fell off the trees and he did not less. Yedo-ichi i is also a hard-fleshed muck. As to chemicals, he does not
systematic spraying. In all Northern have a bushel. Threw away all but variety. Tsuru is the longest in pro- think the tree is fastidious as to the
grape growing regions it has been two trees. The White Genoa is a portion to its size, a slender fruit, very source from which it obtains its food,
found necessary to wash and spray the perfect success with him, though the astringent when green, matures slowly, if it only obtains it, though the ammonia
vines, systematically and at regular in- fruit is not so good as the Adriatic; delicious in January and February.Rev. should probably come from
tervals up to a month before ripeningthe nothing else is so good. The Brown Lyman Phelps says that the some form of sulphate. Ammonia
fruit. There are now in use among Turkey stands very well, also the Pur- kaki shipped better than the lemon from blood and bone acts on the trees
grape-growers generally different kindsof ple Brunswick.Mr. with him. He sent some up to Con- indifferently well. Of course, we
solutions for spraying vines; kero- Taber finds the Brunswick very necticut and followed them, they ate should not seek it in such insoluble
sene emulsion, the arsenites, London precocious, bears very young; that and of them for a month, then some were materials as horns, hoofs, etc.
purple, Bordeaux mixture and several I the Celestial he likes best. The shipped back to Florida and still they SOFT PHOSPHATE.Mr. .
others are used for different diseases, I Celestial is one of the smallest, very were in good condition. He could
mildew, insects and rots. Of all these, sweet, delicious, will almost cure on buy them cheaper in New York than Bielby has been favorably impressed -
as. far as I have tried them, I prefer the tree. The Brunswick is a regular in Sanford; the Northern people do with this, so far as he has ..
the Bordeaux mixture for grapes, ex annual bearer, fruit of good quality.In not appreciate this fruit, for the most seen its action. He cited a grove he
cept for the downy mildew. Washingthe reply to a question by Major part, and must be educated to like it. had visited where soft phosphate was
vines with sulphate of iron and Healy, he said the cultivation of the He described some of his favorites; applied in compost to three rows on
then dusting the leaves and stem with fig must be very slight; give plenty of thinks the best of them are delicious.Mr. the poorest part of the land, while the
dry sulphur is found very effective.I mulching and a good moist soilthefig W. A. Taylor, Assistant United rest received commercial fertilizer,
have found in my own vineyard loves moisture-and not cultivatethe States Pomologist, stated that Mr. and the three rows were conspicuouslymore
and.in others a twig-borer' that is do soil at all, as the roots are close to Berckmans had said no variety of thrifty than the others. Bone
ing some mischief. He works very the surface. The fig is an erratic fruit could be positively identified bya does not analyze anything near as rich
similar to the apple twig borer or the grower as much so as the pecan; some simple inspection of the fruit. The in phosphoric acid as soft phosphatedoes
currant borer. I have not been ableto times a tree will stand still for several same is true of all fruits. William while it costs three times as
get him classified yet. When I get years, then start off and grow rapidly, King, of the department, made last much. Orange growers should look
another specimen I will send it to or it will grow unsymmetrical. It is summer a careful study of the leaves, carefully into the merits of soft phos-
Prof. Riley for identification. I find as subject to the foot-rot as .any tree fruits and habits of growth of the phate and experiment with it.
about the same diseases attack the In planting use rooted cuttings, thatis kaki to settle the vexed question of Recurring to muck, he would say,
grapes and vines here that we had to cut off all the top and all the roots the nomenclature, and his report is and had said, that a perfect grove
meet and contend with in the North, except a mere stub of the tap root, now in press. He stated that he had could be made by hauling in rottingand
and, to succeed, the vineyardist must which was the original cutting. just seen the large kaki grove of J. rotten forest leaves, if one could
give his work personal attention, with Treated thisway, it will start and Crawshaw, in Lawtey, and one could obtain enough of them.
proper knowledge of the wants of the make an astonishing growth.Mr. tell to a row what varieties were most Colonel Harvey, of Escambia, defended -
vine in soils, fertilizers, pruning and Bacon said his fig trees wouldnot susceptible to cold. The Hyakume, the use of muck; said he had
training. bear and he slashed them, Florida the best variety, is also the most deli brought up sixty five acres of pear and
I have about fifteen different foreign farmer style; that did not bring them cate. peach trees to a beautiful, healthy and
varieties of grapes, all on their own into bearing, so he tried pretty thor Mr. Taber has noticed no particular fruitful condition, on a piece of poor
roots. I have not found any of them ough root-pruning with a spade and difference in the hardiness of the sandy pine woods; and he had used
satisfactory as yet.Vill try grafting this caused them to bear abundantly.The varieties.Col. only $14 worth of commercial and 400
some of them on other stock to test first setting of fruit always drops S. S. Harvey, of Escambia pounds of cottonseed once during the
their value. GEO. H. WRIGHT. anyhow; the second setting will bear county, tried 300 or 400 at his place entire seven years. It was fresh water
Chuluota, Fla. fruit. Likes the Yellow Smyrna very 19 miles (from the coast, but will give muck. Wherever the best trees are,
He was followed by Mr. Haynes, much to can. Root-knot can be them up, as the choice varieties are so on digging down he is certain to finda
of Haynes, Young & Bailey, who cured, as with any other tree, by liberal tender in winter, all the while losing lump of muck that they are feedingon.
gave interesting particulars of the applications of fertilizer.Mr. wood, and are also preyed on in sum- One year he hauled over 3,200
Mott. There is loads of muck into his orchard.Mr. .
arrangements for the approaching no question mer by mites or lice. wagon
shipment of grapes. The express about it; figs will do well if thoroughly On motion of Mr. Phelps, the gov- Mann said that a neighbor who
company will place a special ventilated manured. Tobacco stems are .goodfor ernment experts, Messrs. Taylor and used tobacco stems for fertilizer found
car on the track at Orlando this purpose. Swingle, who .were present, were in- that it cleared his trees of scale, or
vited in all discussionsof thought it did.
every night during the shipping sea- THE KAKI. to participate
son, to be loaded with grapes, and Mr. L. W. Lipsey,of Citra, a memober the Society. Major Healy has used muck'for
start the following morning for New of the committee on the kaki, Being questioned as to culture and years with profit on his garden and
York. It will stop at Sanford to receive read brief of this fruit fertilizing, Mr. Phelps answered at truck crops, but never on his grove.
additions to its load from some in .a paper He would not some length but rather evasively. He By composting it with manure he had
a general
and will way. said "The success of horticultural obtained cords a he
outlying vineyards, then venture to them but describedsome 400 year; puts
proceed on its way, making the run of his favorite, varieties. He operations depends more on the feed bone, potash and cottonseed meal
to New York without change or delay had not found it we give than on the everlasting move with it, and finds it of great value.
whether it is full or has only fifty profitable commer- ing of the soil." (Applause.) He fills the stalls with it and lets the

crates. The growers used to pay cially.Mr.. Taber enlarged on the tangled FERTILIZERS-MUCK. stock compost it with the droppings.But .
over $5 a hundred on grapes to New nomenclature of the kaki, but said Dr. J. M. Hawks, of Hawks Park, he finds that, when plowed underin
York but the rate has been loweredonce the sand, it remains in lumps and
that Mr. A. H. Manville and himself, read a spicy paper on the subject of
dries the soil in drouth and he
or twice, and the growers are in after a patient comparison of all the fertilizers and their uses,, in which he out a ,
hopes of getting a rate of- $3.80 a I thinks it a damage to a grove for this
varietiesthey could find, had been able advocated the use of muck. This set -
hundred this season. to settle upon a few varieties which on foot the never-ending and rather reason.
Evening Session. may be considered settled. "chesnutty" debate on muck. This SOFT PHOSPHATE AGAIN.
FIGS. Hyakume is a round fruit, good to brought Mr. Bielby to his feet. He He confirmed and emphasized Mr.
A. H. Brown, of the committee on eat hard; the best to ship North be. said the FARMER AND FRUIT GROWERhad Bielby's statement as to the effect of
figs, reported that he had found the cause the people up there do not un. lately misrepresented him in this Soft phosphate in producing tree
White: Adriatic the best growing tree derstand that they must wait for the matter; that he had not changed his growth; he visited the same grove he
r and yielding the best quality of fruit, kaki to become very soft with most mind, but still thinks that the haulingof mentioned. It is a Tangerine grove
but it would not stand cold. The varieties. The Japanese lay them sawgrass muck is a "harmless and the soft phosphate was applied on
trees froze down to the ground in a down in barrels and let them becomeso amusement" if the grower can affordit. the back side of it on high land where
cold spell, and, though they have soft that most people pronounce He thinks he cannot afford to haulit the drainage from commercial fertilizer
sprouted up again, he has had to them rotten; then they are truly over ten or fifteen feet, or say just applied on the rest of the grove could
abandon it. The San Pedro was also delicious. Hyakume will ship well through the fence. He cannot affordto not possibly mix with it. Its value is
frozen, but not so badly.Mr. and keep a month after it arrives in haul even stable manure over halfa unquestionable.
Bielby said he wants'only one the North. mile. to his grove. Still, he does, Recurring to muck, he holds thatit
tree of the'Vhite Adriatic; he con-, Tanne-nashi, a long, pointed fruit., as.a matter of fact, put everything he is the mechanical action of it that




injurious to sand, by keeping it open fruit of good quality, were so near a ought to give these trees at least five and Kansas. Additional bud inocu-

and causing it to dry out. reproduction of Maggie, Yum Yum, pounds of a complete commercial fertilizer lations have been made and some fur-

\Voodworth thinks muck gives Bidwell's Early and other named to the.tree to promote a sufficient ther light has been obtained from both

andy soils the needed humus, ena- varieties of this type, that there was amount of wood growth in ad. the new and old experiments. The

bling them to retain water and fertil only one of them which I deemed dition to maturing the large crop of result of this part of the investigationwill

izer. sufficiently distinct from, or possessedof fruit; the other remark: made by the be published in a separate bulle-

Mr. Holdridge, of Alachua, said his superior advantages over, the same man in the fall, was in reply to tin. They may be summarized as

neighbor, R. E. Johnson, had a groveof named kinds to warrant testing my comment on the wonderful growth follows: ((i) The disease can be con-

two acres from which he sold one further. I have, therefore, budded all those trees had made during the sum- veyed to healthy trees by the insertionof

year $2,800 worth of oranges, and it of these trees this spring to other mer, and was verbatim as follows: diseased buds. Additional proofof

was the general understanding of his. varieties with the exception of the Yes, more than was good for them." this has been obtained. (2)) It

neighbors that he used no fertilizer but : one tree above noted. I merely I Please do not infer from the above, may also be conveyed by the use of

muck. But his own experience was mention this fact to show the labor that I am making a general plea for buds which appear to be perfectly

rather against it, on account of its and expense involved in trying to potash over a complete fertilizer. Thatis healthy, but which have been taken

tendency to dry out the soil when originate valuable new varieties. In not the idea at all, but rather that from trees showing yellow on other

mixed with it. the case above mentioned, the numberof our applications of commercial fertil- branches. The difference in this case

Mr. Stillman said that the managerof varieties deemed worthy of a name izer can sometimes be very properlyand is that the disease does not manifest

the St. Cloud sugar farm told him and introduction averages just about profitably supplemented by an itself so quickly. ((3)) An additional

they would use this year between 500 one-third of one per cent. In another application of sulphate of potash. experiment will be undertaken on a

__ and 1,000 tons of commercial fertil- lot, however, I have prospectscf PEACHES ON MARIANNA PLUM ROOTS. large scale to determine whether the
izer. Here you have nothing but a better percentage of valuable new disease may also be communicated by
muck, and the above fact shows that varieties. This last named lot is com During the past few years there has buds cut from trees which seem to be

i it lacks something. A row of orange posed of trees of the Honey type, the been more or less demand,for peacheson perfectly healthy in all parts, but

trees set in it at St. Cloud stood for seed that was .planted being two gen- Marianna plum stocks, but I am which stand in orchards where the

years bright and green but did not erations removed from the parent still of the opinion (which I believe disease prevails, i. e., to determine

grow a particle.Mr. Honey, /. t., seedlings from seedlings was the universal consensus of opinionas whether the disease has a long periodof

Mann said 900 cart-loads of of the Honey, in which the parent expressed by this Society at its incubation as begins to seem prob-

muck per acre had been applied to a seedling had already made an improvement meeting at DeLand two years ago) able." ?
that-peaches on plum roots are not a
grove near Palatka, and it is one of on its parent (Honey). The There are a large number of peach
general success in Florida. I have
the best groves in the State. two hundred trees of this class that I : trees annually sold in this State by un-
had occasion in
to ome trees
Mr. Mott said the reason the orange I brought into fruiting last year showed this manner for parties grow who contractedfor scrupulous dealers and tree peddlers,

trees did not grow at St. Cloud was, : some remarkably fine fruit, and out of them to be in this and that are bought by them from the
grown way,
twelve inchestoo these eleven trees were marked with cheapest sources at which they can be
they were planted ten or will that nearly or quite one-haUl
numbers as worthy of further careful say obtained of whether the
deep. At Lupfer's, near by, on of the trees thus grown died in the regardless
watching for future results. A notice section of in which
the same kind of soil, orange trees rows after the peach buds had country they are
able feature about of these seed. nursery is infected with
made yellows or not
properly planted a splendid made a growth of one to three feet. grown
lings of Honey type was the and if the be introducedinto
growth and began to bear very yellows can
very young. On each side of these rT>ws (within
He said the rice at St. Cloud made a apparent crosses that had been made four feet of them were plums buddedon our State, it looks as if we would
tall growth of straw but the heads with Indian peaches of the Spanish the same stock Marianna) at the not have to wait long for its intro-
type. These Indian peaches are duction unless is taken in
abortive but gen- more care
were mostly as soon as time and the
same plums on plum
erally quite acid, but in the cross with ) this California has heretofore
they sweetened the muck with a little stock showed absolutely no loss-! respect. -
the Honey seedlings the two extremesof used vast of
potash it yielded heavy heads. bud that started to quintities peach
too much acid and (to some tastes) every grow stock grown in the Eastern States, but
REPORT ON PEACHES AND PLUMS. ahead and made a tree. Now, will
too much sweet, seem to have been owing to the increasing prevalence of
The individual members of some one tell me why, if the plum
your happily blended. Several of these are yellows in the Atlantic Coast States,
Committee on Peaches and Plums stock is a suitable one for peaches, the :
of large size and blood red to the she has now entirely prohibited the
have thought best to make separate stone, the juice of them staining one'shands buds after growing a foot or more, fail importation of peach stock from
reports in accordance with your per- like red wine. up in this manner ? I have noted of the Eastern States without even

mission. My report will, therefore, POTASH FOR PEACHES. above that the plum on plum stock making any discrimination between
shows loss and will also that
cover more particularly the northern no say
During the past few years we have them.If .
section of the State in which I am seen much written about the deficiency the peach on peach stock shows no
the fruit interests
of California
located own orchards being sit. loss irom dying after the buds: had
my of potash in Florida soil, and I demand the of
uated at Glen St. Mary, in Baker wish to-add my testimony in the same started. There have been a large prohibition eastern-
number of peaches on Marianna planted grown; peach trees on account of yellows
county. direction. Last I made
year an ap in Florida but I it certainly looks as if such sec-
as nearly as can
Last season was a prosperous one plication of about two pounds of sulphate tions of these Eastern States
learn the results have been as are at
for the peach growers in that locality, of potash to the tree in a peach the gen- present free from this disease, should
satisfactory trees mostly
erally ,
the crop being a good! one and selling orchard in which nursery trees were exercise deal of
in from three a great care against
readily at remunerative prices In growing between the orchard rows for failing up one to years from districts knownto
purchasing trees
There of
after being planted.
my youngest orchard individual trees the second successive year. The application this well be infected.! As I believe that Mr.
which had been set out only sixteen was not made to the entire course, exceptions to as as
be this
everything else, but I think it will be Swingle expects to present at
months yielded a sufficient income to surface of the orchard, but was con- in the of
found that the which have meeting capacity representing -
pay for the trees, their culture duringthe fined to about five feet from the trees either trees budded closeto succeeded the Division of Vegetable Pathology

meantime and the ground upon one way (the way the nursery rows were very and of the United States Departmentof

- which they were planted. The vari ran) and covered the ground the other the ground or root grafted the Agriculture, I trust we shall\ hear

eties that yielded the best, both in way between the spaces in the rows of union planted of deep enough and to cover and that from him as to whether in his opinionthis

crop. and prices, were Waldo, Angel orchard trees. The result was a sur- have peach thrown plum from the disease will thrive this far southone

and Bidwell's Late, and right here I prise even to myself, and notwith- roots stock above the union.out peach ( or two noted writers, including

wish to say, that for general plantingin standing this was the only application Thomas Meehan, claim it will not).
Florida, this is a trio of varieties the trees received, .they made the best THE YELLOWS. \Ve shall also be interested in hearing

that I consider hard to beat. They growth during the season that I have One point that should be carefully from Mr. Swingle as to the difference

ripen in the order named and all be- ever had trees attain, and they broughtto considered in planting a peach orchardis between yellows and peach rosette,

long to the Peento type. In mentioning perfect maturity the finest crop of to procure the trees from a locality and the damage done by this latter

the Peento as the type to which peaches that I have ever produced on known to be free from peach yellows.At disease in Northern Georgia.

these (and many other) varieties be- trees of the same age. Rather an present there is no known case of

long, I trust that none of my hearers amusing thing in this connection was this disease in this State, although very PROFITS.

will confound the fruit of these two remarks made by one of my men prevalent in States to the north of us Referring again to the profits or

improved varieties as being identicalin who had been with me several years and gradually working southward. otherwise of peach growing in Flori--

shape with that of the Peento; on and had become well acquainted with Referring to the investigations of this da, much has been written durirg the

the contrary, all the best varieties that the virtues of complete commercial disease, I quote from the United States past season to show the pros and cons

have originated from Peento- seed are fertilizers. The first remark was to Agricultural Report of 1890, under of the subject, and a review of these

of regular peach shape-round or another one of my men (and which I the division of Vegetable Pathology, articles, as they appear in the files of

roundish oblong. accidentally overheardat the time they as follows: "This workinvestigationof ( the horticultural papers of this'State,

Last year I brought into fruitingsome were making the application of potashin yellows) has been prosecuted continuously makes very interesting reading. Thereis

three hundred trees from Peento the spring. and was to the effect since early spring, in Dela- one, point ,that too many of _our

std, many of which, while bearing that instead of "that stuff" Mr. Taber ware, Maryland, Georgia, Michigan growers seem to have lost sight of,




and that is that the ,peach is a very handsomely because his fruit arrivedin ing of a few carefully selected seed, I.I spring-and has not lost 6 per cent. of

perishable fruit and must, to prove such fine condition that it sold for and the annual bringing into existence them. A long series of pens of them,

profitable, be treated as such. The $12 a bushel; while the other actuallylost of absolutely new and distinct varieties I in all stages up to the size of pheasants -

!necessity' for careful sorting and packIng money. Both shippers appear to possesses a charm that no true showed by their lively motions
is not generally recognized to the have packed their fruit well. Surely lover of horticulture can deny.G and clean, healthy coats, that they

extent that it should be ; but even such facts do not require much com- L. TABER. were doing well. There is a touch of

where this necessity has been recog- ment." Mr. Lund, of Volusia county, pathos in the sight of so many little

nized to its utmost and the fruit put PLUMS. thinks the Peento better than any of fellows, running aimlessly about in

up in strictly first-class shape, the As a general thing, the varieties of its descendants. Sold about 100 their narrow pens, chirping in a lone-

growers have, in many instances, per- plums of Chickasaw type do not fruit bushels last year from a half acre at some kind of tone, and without any

sisted in shipping the fruit by freight, well this far South, and there are about $3 a bushel in home markets.: mother hen to encourage them with
on the score that express rates are too Clean culture and liberal fertilizingare her cheerful cluck; but this is business
but few of this type that I would recommend -
high. I admit the express rates are planting extensively in Flor his rules. Bidwell's Late: the -modern, scientific business-
high but I will that if they and Mr. Amsden is
even evidently
say ida. The Golden Beauty, althoughof next best; a profuse bearer. Will making
were half as high again as they now somewhat recent introduction, has have a better crop this year than last. it profitable. The poetry of the old

are, I should continue to ship all of so far proved to be better adapted to Mr. Pugsley has the Moorpark barnyard, with its cock and hens and

my peaches by all rail express in preference :Florida than other variety of this apricot on wild plum stocks ; does chicks, crowing and strutting and
to any method of shipment by well thrifty and fruiting some scratching over the green lawn (and
type. It is a fine plum, and has so very
that Thereare in the verbenas like.
wallowing right
freight we now possess. this ,
far succeeded admirably in North : year.
plenty of instances that could be Florida.Of I Mr. Taber would not bother with ly as not), is all gone; and in place of

quoted, corroborative of my own experience any apricot except the Santa Fe, a it we have here a modern egg and
in this direction, but I shall the Japan type, many varieties spring chicken factory, with large
Continued[ on page 372.1]
mention only two of them, both of have been successfully fruited in the profit attached.Mr. .

which are given in the FLORIDA Dis State, and the fruit of Kelsey (the variety Amsden not only keeps large

PATCH, FARMER AND FRUIT GROWERof that has been planted more Poultry. numbers of fowls himself, but he findsit

July 30, 1891. One of these is an largely than any other) has broughtvery a good plan to rent them out, espe-
article written Mr. G. R. Skinner fine prices. Mr. John Fabyan, in small lots his
by Edited by E.W. AMSDEN Ormond, Fla. cially turkeys, to
of Fellowship, Fla., headed : "Fail. ,' of Conant, Lake county, informs me neighbors. He is going to make experiments

ure in Shipping Peaches," in which, that he obtained $8.00"per bushel at A disgusted fruit and vegetable in caponizing, as he be-

after describing the careful manner in : auction in New York, although they grower at Meridian, Miss., writes lieves it can be made very profitable.

which they were packed, Mr. Skinner I were shipped while yet green and hard. "The fruit and vegetable business has He says there are not nearly so many

says : ,"They were consigned to the The Burbank is a variety that promises been so overdone here and elsewherethat poultry keepers in Florida as there

tender mercies of the Coast Dispatch, to compete with Kelsey for first I have given it up for poultry should be, and he does not fear com-

and were a long time in transit. He place among plum growers in Florida, raising, and hereafter I want to be petition; does not hesitate to give

then goes on to give the net returnsof and in fact, is gaining a wide reputation kept posted on spring chickens, broilers every item of information in his power. -

each shipment, and after figuringup all through the Eistern States.It etc. I believe in this new field I In reply to the question whether

the expenses of picking and pack is a much later bloomer than Kelsey will not be so crowded, and will makea there is profit in poultry-keeping in

ing, makes the result as follows: "To- hence quite free from damage good living if nothing more." Florida, to the man who has all his

tal loss over and above letting them from late frosts, and the fruit ripens ..9.-.. feed to purchase, and who sells no

rot on the trees, 548." The very' considerably earlier than Kelsey. The A Putnam county orange grower, fancy stock for, breeders, but only

next article in the same paper is head; fruit is very handsome and possessesan as soon as he found that the frost had eggs and fowls for the market, he replied

ed : "Success in Shipping Peaches," unusually thick leathery skin and badly damaged his prospects, promptlyset with emphasis : "Most assured-
and is written by Mr. O. C. Knox, of consequently is less subject to damage his hens at work and bought othersto ly."- ED.

Highland, ;Fla., the gist of which is from curculio than most varieties. help. He now has over 700 chicks

contained in the following sentence: Several years ago, I planted quite a hatched or hatching and a high per:

"From these nineteen trees we picked number of seed from the Kelsey, and centage of them doing well. He had Apiary,

about forty bushels, and only one have brought into fruiting about a no incubators but depended on the --- --..,.. .......-
small lot-three crates-sold for less dozen trees from the seed thus planted. hens themselves. He expected this Stlngless Bees.

than $6 per half bushel crate." Immediately The most noticeable thing about year's orange crop to pay his expensesto Editor Farmer and Fi uit-Grower:

under this article, and com the appearance of these trees, is their Chicago, but he says the fowls will I have been very much pleased with

menting on it, the editor says : almost entire lack of resemblance to send him and his wife to the World's Mr. LaMontagne's description of the

either the parent Kelsey or to other Fair yet. stingless bees (tndipones). It recallsto
"We saw two of Mr.\ Knox'sreturns; .
named varieties of the -
Japan type.Not me own experience with themin
the received the in my
prices only this but they a While in attendance on the meetingof '
both-$6 half bushel crates. vary great the spring of 87. Late in the fall
per deal between themselves two the State Horticultural Society at '
and of 86 I received a colony of them.
Eight crates, shipped June 17th of them having the same character of Ormond, we paid a brief visit with a They have wintered well in Florida
18th sold for
n.60, commission$48; freight charges, growth and the fruit on no two of number of others to the farm of our but in manipulating the hive in the
$ $4.80 making
; them being alike. It was from one of well-known poultry editor, Mr. E. spring following and getting them
of t.6o
net return
16.4oleaving a $3
bushel net. His these seedlings that I obtained more W. Amsden. To sum it all in a word, ready for trial, they felt! like ants bit-
a forty
or $7.90
bushels therefore netted him fruit last season than from any other Mr. Amsden came to Florida for or- ing, in the meantime excreting the
in the editorial column plum or any variety on my place. anges but will stay for eggs; in other large quantities of a liquid which
$300.ot the Again issue, the editor makes the The fruit is large (but not as large as words, he cannot afford to drop his pres- caused distressing itching that will almost
same round inches in diame- ent business for a problematical gain in
following pertinent remarks which fully Kelsey) -1# set a person crazy. In fact,
ter-color reddish with the somewhat remote future. His
some thought I had hav-
elaborate the point I wish to make: gone crazy
"On another blue bloom; flesh sweet, melting, juicy place is admirably adapted to poultry ing to get my hair shampooed three
letters page different we present results two and of excellent quality. Ripens keeping; a series of parallel sandy times that day without getting much

reached giving two very in shipping early in June. The tree is a very ,ridges with an abundant growth of relief from a peculiar itching sensation
symmetrical and hand low trees enables him to
One the Peento and strong grower evergreen wherever this liquid touched the skin.
peaches. shipped I have named it "Excelsior"and string out his poultry on the tops
the which fine fruit some. pens Am at present engaged on "Bee keeping -
but difficult Honey,to are and very both of which believe it to be an acquisition.From of these ridges, securing perfect drain. in Florida,*'in which I also describea
ship the wonderful in char. and health to the
diversity consequent
have been discarded age new and scientific way of my own
market practically as in acter of growth, but generally good fowls, and also a complete immunityfrom of mating queens. No mismatingsare
peaches most
by growers fruit obtained from these dozen Kelsey hawks. At the same time on possible all done before
North Florida. The other ; your
shipped a I believe it will be interesting cool in the morning if the
seedling of the Peento delicious seedlings, days, or eyes, you selecting the strain or breedof
and difficult to those who can do so, to fowls want to enjoy the sunshine, theycan drones you wish her to be mated
to ship as
peach so plant seed of any of the fine varietiesof come out to the edge of their pens

its parent. the Japan type, and it is more than and bask in it sufficient to promote with.Am working almost day and nightto

"The first sent his fruit over the likely that other valuable varieties' their health. complete the same but will continueto

Atlantic Coast Dispatch; nominal time might be originated. Of course, or Mr. Amsden has so often and so give you points for the FARMERAND

four days, actual time often seven days, chards planted for commercial pur- well described his systems of feeding FRUIT GROWER from time to
charges: about 75C. a bushel. The other poses (either of plums or other fruits) and management in our columns thatit

shipped by express, time about two should be confined to trees of well is not necessary for us to say anything time.No honey from orange bloom this

days or less; charges about $3.85 a tested varieties, but in addition to the more than that it is evident that year, which used to be my main crop.
bushel. Yet the shipper who paid commercial character of our pursuit, he practices what he preaches. He CHARLES F. HENNING.

these, enormous.. charges made'-money it seems to me that the annual plant .has hatched out over 800 chicks this Orange Lake Apiary.Citra.





----- -

CONTENTS. to week, as our space will permit, a down overwhelmingly a proposed If there was any one thing that the .

three-minute extension that would Horticultural Society did at Ormond
GKOTE AND ORcu.UtD-orange Wine-I; Horticultural full synopsis of about all that was ,

Society: 363 worth recording which was a have held them back from a business it was that it stamped upon this mis-
POULTRY-Notes; S67 very
AllART-Sttngless Bees; S67 large part of the whole. document on marketing.The erable sit-down-and-wait policy, this

EDITORIAL-For a Railroad Commission; Florida- ...+ celebrated Palatka conventionof oriental, pusillanimous fatalism that
Grown Seed Potatoes; Incorporation Notice;
The Society's Proceedings; Going to Pensa- Going: to Pensacola. June 5, 1889, has been aptly described would lead the growers to crouch
cola;A Cure for Foot\ Rot;An Era of Business; 368
MARKETS; 3ft The unanimous and enthusiasticvote as a "love.feast;" it was a around a few boxes of green and acid

Questions and Replies; Stlngless Bees-Pyrethrum of the Horticultural Society to larger and more "enthusiastic" gath-- oranges and think that the world will
; 3G9(
OCR You w FOLKS-A Wise Ant;How God Teachesthe hold the next annual meeting in Pen- ering than the assembly of April 20 stop whirling on its axis until some- ,
!STATE NEWS Birds-;Items; .370 370 sacola, was due to the picturesque in Jacksonville. The latter was not a body comes along and buys those

OUR RURAL HOME-Dr. Lemon; Papering Walls; eloquence and rollicking humor of meeting of "enthusiastic" sentimentalists oranges. If the mountain will not go'
People That Lack Salt; Overeating vs. Over.
work;Hints to Housekeepers" ;Graham Recipes; Maj. Geo. P. Healy, and the straight ; it was a concourse of practical, to ,Mohammed, Mohammed must go

An Excellent Polish for Furniture; 371 forward, manly appeal of Col. S. S. clear-headed business men who have to the mountain (or to the sandhills,
After the Drouth-What? 374 Harvey, a prominent fruit grower of outlived all the fustian and fanfaron- ; if you choose,) and solicit shipmentsof
Weather :375
and Crops;
Tests of the Butter Extractor :876. Escambia county. After full debate ade which characterized the early daysof I oranges ; in short, the people's

. upon the subject it seemed to be the orange growing. The plain, organization must take the field
O. Address Lawtcy, Fla. almost universal sentiment that this straightforward citizens who assem- among the people,. shoulder to shoul-

I, decision would remove any charge of bled in the Board of Trade room in der with the "hustlers," the commis-

For a Railroad Commission. being a mere provincial orange growers Jacksonville were hungry for statistics; sion men ; or it will be distanced and

The State Horticultural Society, at clique to which the Society may i men who had an appetite for trans I left out of sight.

the Ormond meeting, while it passeda have been liable hitherto, and broaden portation rates and steamer facilities.It .

vote of thanks to the railroads for it into a genuine Florida State in. was an assemblage of men who

their generosity in reduced rates for stitution, thereby, perhaps, securing it have left "cold storage" so far behind JVEar) \ets.

this occasion, also adopted the follow- the favorable recognition of the Leg- them that even the dust of its travelis -'"' - --

ing: islature. not visible; who sneered even at :

Resolved, That it is the sense of this --*>S !'cave storage" with the sarcastic incredulity FRUITS AND VEGETABLES.
meeting that the Railroad Commission A Cure for Foot Rot. [Corrected to date by Marx Bros.]
of Wall street. There was a
should here-established with full powerto At the Ormond meeting of the Hor- I These are average quotations. Extra choice
steadfast demand for precise information lots fetch prices above top quotations, while poor
enforce its decisions.FloridaGrown ticultural Society the foot rot remedy lots sell lower.

-. .. such as might characterize a Oranges bright......................$2.50102.75
.. Seed Potatoes.At employed by the distinguished trio of of bankers and merchants .. russet........................ 3.50
meeting Indian River................
growers, Messrs. Phelps, Hart and ............... 3.00
and little of the clamorous Lemons,Fla ........... a-ootoj.oo
Ormond the well known seeds- very jocose, Messina............ .......
Hubbard, was given as follows: Dissolve effusive methods which Limes 100........... ................M. 3.00.50
man, Mr. H. G. Hastings, asserted of bi of usually Grape fruit, barrel.................... 3.00104.00
eight pounds sulphate in box.. .................. 7.35
that of prevail growers' assi blages.
Florida-grown potatoes soda in boiling water. If it is to be Pineapples,crate............,......... 5.00
this the seed ( Bananas bunch....................... 1.35 to 1.75
spring's crop are only applied by ignorant men in hot clear It has been asserted hat the Florida Apples barrel.................,....... 3-50103.75
that should be used for fall planting Fruit the A and Izzardof Potatoes, new. barrel................ 4.00105.00
; weather Exchange was sweet bushel..... .......... .50
use only seven pounds)
that Northern Florida cabbage, good demand bbl.. 2.00 to
potatoes, being so re stirred the whole movement; that this bodyof Onions, crate.......................... 1.50
cently out of the ground and not ma- Keep constantly up. Spraythe hundreds of Turnips, barrel.. ....................... 1.50
the inside some growers were Beets ................ ....... 2.25
tured, will rot more or less before they trees, preferably on I summoned here to effectuate Carrots '. ..... ............. ...... 2.50
until all the leaves are wet and the merely Parsnips .......... .......,...... 3.50
will sprout. He backs up his assertionby an endorsem'ent not an inquiry. Well Radishes, dozen....................... .40
trunk and branches drip freely. Pick Cucumbers. crate...................... 2.0010250
stating that he will buy seed pota it was. The Florida Fruit Celery, ........ ............... .50 to .60
off previously all old and scaly barkso suppose Egg Plants,each....... ... .. ....... .ioto.iaJ4
toes in September of this spring's Exchange is unequivocally in the fieldto leans, crate.......... ................. I.SOt02.oo
that the spray may penetrate into Peas crate.. ....... ............ ...... 1.00101.50
growth. make money out of oranges. But Strawberries .......................... .07
--+. .- every crevice and hunt out every Cauliflower............................ 1.00 to 2.00
is it a close corporation? Does it Tomatoes.............................. 1.25102.00
Incorporation Notice. germ of ferment. If the case is bad
seek to narrow the profits down to a POULTRY AND EGGS.
Notice is hereby given that there lay bare the entire diameter of all the lens........ ..........................f 040 to .45
in ? Have
ring or clique Jacksonville
will be a meeting held at Sanford, laterals two feet out from the tree Jroilers Roosters--------------------------------...................... .... .30.25 to to .30.35
not the growers everywhere, at all Turkeys............................... i.ootoi.25
Orange county, Florida, May 20, 1892, and the tap-root and spray them thor- Ducks...................... ........... .45 to .60
times, been invited, encouraged, solicited Geese..:.............................. 50 to ..75Kggs
at 10 o'clock a. m., at the Town Hall, oughly. If sprayed on the leaves too almost begged to take stock in ................................... .16
for the purpose of incorporating the strong or for too long a time it will ,
their own organization?
association known as the Florida State cause them to drop; 'it will also pene- MARKET NOTES.
The Exchange has been sneered at as Navels are not so much in demand as
Horticultural Society, in accordancewith trate the imperfect oil cells on the
institution for inefficient they were six weeks ago, when the tourists -
blossom end of the fruit and burn an "eleemosynary
the laws of Florida. The general were here. Then they cost a dollar

objects of the proposed organizationare them, causing minute black spots. In growers, a "hospital for disa- a dozen for a choice article; now theycan

the promotion of horticulture and regard to this remedy Mr. Phelps bled oranges," etc. be had for 40 to 73 cents. "Yankees

It has been a beneficent passivity ; buy them for a curiosity,"said one shop-
the horticultural interests of the Stateof added significantly, "an ounce of pre
it has been afraid that the at best.
people keeper. They are scarce Good
Florida in all its details. vention is worth a pound of cure. .
t-.-tAn would resent and mistrust too much South Florida brights, 30 to 40 cents a
DUDLEY W. ADAMS, dozen. At the uptown stands choice
LYMAN PHELPS, Era of Business. self-advertising; and the active, rush- grape; fruit sell three for a quarter; downtown

Two recent meetings of the grow- ing, pushing commission men are 3 to 5 cents apiece.
E. S. HUBBARD, "Captain John Russell, of the schooner
W. S. HAI:T. ers-one of the Horticultural Societyat going to drive a coach-and-four over Lillie, is now in port with a cargo of

Ormond, the other the conventionof it if it does not "whip up." One pineapples from Elliott's Key, at the
south end of Biscayne bay. The captain
The Society's Proceedings. orange growers at Jacksonvillehave grower expressed himself thus: "The says there is a steady increase in the pro-

A stenographer employed to shown a gratifying progress of Fruit Exchange is sound to the core duction of pines every year. At Elliott's

take down the proceedings of the Or- the rural classes in this State in getting and all right and I believe in it, but I Key four tbl"reare hundred two acres hundred at Key acres Largo of them, two,

mond meeting of the State Horticul. down to a business basis. The So- don't ship it any fruit because it don't hundred acres at each of the Matacorabe

tural Society, and a guarantee fund ciety at Ormond waited with a hungry care enough about it to come to me keys Plantation and two Key.hundred The keys acres are all more very at

was subscribed by liberal members to impatience for the reports of the com- for it." The Exchange must, if it fertile and vegetables can be raised all

insure their publication in pamphletform. mittees on marketing and transportation would keep abreast of the procession, quality the vear round.than either The pines the Porto are of a Rico better or

It will be some time, however, ; they were jealous of any encroachment divest itself of this pseudo-eleemosynary Jaharaa pines and,coming in later than

before this be issued of minor interests character-this bloodless benev either, have practically a monopoly."
pamphlet can upon 'Ve copy the above from the Times-
and meantime we shall give from week their allotment of time, and voted olence. Union, merelyadding that a load of




pines from the Bahamas((4,000)) had pre Savannah, 6.00 to 7.00; Floridas, 1.50 to 126-200 Florida bright, 3.00 to 3.50: ; 96 Stingless Bees-Pyrethrum.

ceded the Lillie a few days; but the fruit 3.50; potatoes, primes, 6.00 to 7.50; sec Florida bright, 2.25 to 2.50; 126-200 Florida Editor: Farmer and Fruit Grower:
was inferior, being comparatively taste onds, 3.00 to 5.00; beets, 1.50 to 2.25; bright russets, heavy, 3.00 to 4.00; There of
species stinglessbees
less. :Massa Bros. received the first crate cabbage, Charleston and Savannah, 3.00( grape fruit, 2.00 to 3.00; grape fruit, are many

of peaches May 6, from Mt. Dora; Peen- to 3.50; Florida, 2.50 to 3.25; N. C., 2.00 per bbl., 4.00; to 6.00; cabbage, Florida, in Southern Mexico, Central
tos, rather small and green; selling at 20( 2.50; cucumbers Charleston, 4.00 to 8.00; 2.75 to 3.25; cabbage, Charleston, 3...."" to l America, and tropical South America.

cents a dozen. The same firm have also Floridas, 3.00 to 5.00; lettuce, 1.50 to 3.50; potatoes, 7.00 to 8.00; potatoes, When I was in Brazil I often encountered
received the first crate of English cu 2.50; radishes, New York, .10 to.50; rhubarb 2nds, 5.00'to 6.00; potatoes, culls, 3.00 to I colonies of them in the forests
cumbers offered for sale in Jacksonville, .I. 4.00 to 5.00: squash, 1.75 to 2.25; 3.50; egg plant, 8.00 to 10.00; Beets, 1.50 Brazilian ,
w grown by Thomas H. Hastings, of St. tomatoes, 1.50 to 2.25.PALMER to 1.75; beans, round, 3.00 to 5.00; beans and I was told by a gentleman

Johns county. These sold early in the RIVE 3UBG & Co. '. Flat, 2.50 to 4.00; squash, white, 1.50; who was something of a naturalist

season at $6 a dozen in St. Augustine. I tomatoes, bushel box, 2.00 to 3.50. that there were at least fourteen

Florida asparagus is still selling at I CHARLESTON, S. C., May 7. E. J. ADAMS & Co.. species of honey-making insects in

Davis & Robinson's market stand at 35c, i Oranges very scarce and selling 3 to 9 4 that empire, most of them belongingto

a bunch, a very fair article. Celery is for ordinary to good stock: pineapples CHICAGO, May 8. the called
or so stinglessbees.
all gone; a shipment from Kalamazoo i is (Havana) 6 to 6.50, sugar barrel; toma Oranges-California Seedlings,choice, ,
expected daily. Tomatoes are comingnow 2 2.50 crate 2.50 to 3 carrier .
toes, to per ; ;: California :Navels choice 3.50
2 to ,
from Titus ville and thereabouts, ar beans, for good stock, 2.50 per crate. to 4; Florida.; choice, 176, 3.50 to 4.00; I Although they are stingless, theyare

riving in good condition and larger than Have seen no cukes or eggplants here Florida, choice, 250: 4 to 4.50. vicious biters. All that I saw deposited -
they were two weeks ago; retail at lOc a Good tomatoes in demand.
quart. Egg plants from Lake Worth,, yet. SOUTHERN FRUIT Co. Pineapple-Per 100, choice, 9.00 to 12. their honey in large, irregularcells
Cauliflower Southern, choice to fancy much
lOc each. New potatoes, grown near each holding as as a

Jacksonville, are fair sized; selling at lOc BOSTON, :May:\ 3. 2.00 to 2.50. doz. bunches teaspoonful, on the underside of some

a quart. Cucumbers, from Mandarin, Celery-Southern, per tree perhaps as a protection
We sold today 379 boxes of oranges choice, GOc to 70c. ,
very fair stock, 6 for 25c.: Cabbage, from 1.37 to 3.87 with an average of Cucumbers.-Southern, choice, per agains the heavy tropical rains. One
12c each.
but solid lOc to
small, fairly $2.68. We had but very little good fruit dozen, 90c to 1.00. kind made a slightly acid honey. I
Middle and West Florida now suppliesthe
metropolis and South Florida with and our market was very strong for anything Egg Plants-Per dozen, choice, 2 to saw no true bees (ineUificd) while I
fair fruit
that was to good. Grape
eggs, and will continue to do so until sold high today and will do well from n6w 2.50.Green Onions-Southern, barrel stock, was there, but was told that Italian
November. During the winter supplies fruit. A strains had been introduced into the
A on, especially bright or fancy per doz, 12.00 to 15.00.
have to be drawn from Tennessee. limited of russet fruit will do States of Rio Grandede
quantity Green Peas-Southern, 1-bu boxes, provinces (now )
estimates that
marketman 10,000 cases:
((30 dozen in a case) of Tennessee eggs, fairly well,as bright BLAKE stock is&very RIPLEY.scarce. choice, 1.25 to 1.50. Sul, Santa Catharina and Parana.

are received by this city for use or shipment New Cabbage-Mobile, per crate, fan- The stingless bees are small in size,
cy. 3.00; Louisiana, crates, fine, green,
to South Florida during the winter and all colonies seen by
me were
months and four-fifths of the poultry BOSTON, May::\ 7. solid, 3.00; South Carolina, crates, good 1,
; in numbers
weak producing quite a
'shipped into the State comes from Ten Choice Florida brights and russets are 1.00 to 1.25.
nessee. bringing 3.00 to 3.50, with fancy going New Dry Onions-Southern, bbl, 3.00to quantity of wax, but only a small

higher; fair to good are worth 1.50 to 3.50.:> quantity of honey and that of an infe-

STOCK MARKET. 2.75; choice Navels bring from 3.00 to Strawberries-Louisiana, 24-qt cases, rior quality. As compared with our
to good 2.00 to 2.75:>; Mississippi. -
common ,
3.50 box Messinas, choice 2.75: to
Week before last three carloads of cat per ; best Durant and Madison bees, they possess but little economic
24-qt cases,
fruit sells for 2.00 to
tle received from Ft. :Meade\ and 4.00; grape readily
were 2.25: box. Strawberries from Floridaare a.;o to 4.00; do, Crystal: Springs, 2.50; I value.
carloads and 25 per
last two sheep
Beef cattle plentiful at 20 to 25c.; per quart. Tennessee, 24-quart cases, Greenfield, Dr. Perrine, some fifty years ago} ,
county. 4)4'e, .
jrom choice 3.00 Illinois, 24-quart cases,
Havana pineapples are worth from 5 to ; introduced a few colonies of some
net; sheep, 1.75 per head. 2.50 do Michel, 3.50 to 4.
lOc. each. Crystal City, ; species of stingless bees into South
String Beans-Florida, green, bu-box,
Yellow onions, 3.00 barrel; Ber-
:MACON\ GA. 8. per box Florida from Mexico, but they seem
May mudas, 1.60 per crate; Bermuda potatoes, 1.50 to 1.75; ; Louisiana, greenbu: ,
Oranges, 3.00 to 3.25; cabbage, 3.00; 8.50 to 9.00 per barrel-; hothouse cucum- 1.50 to 1.75; do, wax, 2.00 to 2.25. ingly did not succeed, as no traces of

strawberries, per qu, lOc; tomatoes, 2.00 bers, 7.00 to 8.00 per 100; Florida rhubarb, Tomatoes-Cuba, bu-boxes, 2.50 to 3: them have ever been observed since.

to 2.50; beets,2.00; new potatoes, per bbl, 2c. per pound: native, 7 to 8e. per pound; California, 4 grape-baskets, 1.50 to 1.75: ; Have any of your readers succeededin
6.00 to 7.00 beans 2.00. Market supplied 5.25: to
; carrots 75c. box yellow turnips, 1.25 Florida, 6-basket crates, fancy,
per ; growing Pyrethrum, from two
and spe
with home grown peas, turnips on 2.50.
barrel white French, 1.25:> barrel
ions. per parsley, 1.50; per bu.; parsnips per, 1.25:> per New Potatoes-Cuba, per bbl., fancy, cies of wh'ch, (P.\\ -Roseum and P.

bu.; round radishes, 40 to 50c. per dozen; 8 to 8.50; California, 110-lb sacks, 2.75 to Carneitm,) the Persian insect powder
The peach markets will never suffer long, 75c.:> per dozen; lettuce, 50 to 75c. 3; Florida, barrels, No. 1, 8.50 to 9; Flor- is made? I understood that its culture

from over-production of Georgia peaches, per dozen; Southern cabbage 3.30 to ida,.barrels, No. 2,7 to 8; Louisiana, bbl., has been attempted both in this State
one-half orchards
from the fact that the
3 to 4.
that are planted out are left to shift for 4.00; green peas, 1.50 to 2.00 per crate; ..'. -.- and in California, but with what suc-

themselves after the first year. The landis new squash, 2.00 per crate.PHILADELPHIA. QUESTIONS AND REPLIES. cess, I have not learned. It has

rented out to "Cuffee," and he makes 364. PETROLEUM FOR WASH. C. seemed probable that the plant mightbe
the cotton and lets the trees take care of May 7. F. W., Welaka. The best way to ascer- if it
made to good
themselves. There is lots of orange Fancy oranges, 176-226, per box, 4.50 tain whether crude petroleum will do serve a purpose,
groves in Florida that will never bear a to 5; bright, 176-226, per box, 4 to 4.50; instead of kerosene in an emulsion will will succeed here, by planting it in

dozen oranges-simply from neglect. russets and golden russets, 216-176, per be to try it in a small way. We are not our jigger-infested poultry yards.
Fruit Grower. box, 3.75 to 4; grape fruit, fancy, per aware that it has been so used. R. E. P.

box, 2.75 to 3; russets, per box 1 to 1.50; :365.() TOBACCO STEMS. "Everard," Duval Co., May 2.
The Georgia peach crop will be heavy. pineapples, extra, 20 to 22c; pineapples Orlando. As soon as our space' will per- > a .

Macon Fruit Grower estimates from No. 1,14 to 15c; pineapples, No. 2, 8 to mit we will publish an article giving all Maj. R. G. Wright came up from
information that the lOc beans round 4.50 to 5 beans
trustworthy outputat ; wax, ; the information yon ask for.
1\lar8hallville alone will Le 248 car- wax, flat, 4 to 4.25:>; beans, green, round, his Oxford plantation Monday.
loads. 5 to 5.50; beans, green, flat, 4 to 4.50; 366.' VEGETABLE PEAR. R. J.,Tam- major says he made a big thing off of

cucumbers, Florida, per crate, 4 to 6; pa. The fruit of the vegetable" chocho pear is ,the or his cabbage crop this season, shippingsome
"one-seeded cucumber, ( )
PITTSBURQ, May 8. eggplants, per bbl., 8 to 10; tomatoes, fruit itself-ten cents each. to four thousand crates, from
2.50 carriers choice 2.50 to Apply
1.50 to ,
crate 4.00 to 4.50 ripe, ; seedsman New Or- which he received his share clear
Florida cabbage, per ; 3; squashes, per crate, 1.75 to 2; cabbage, Richard Frotscher, as a
tomatoes, six basket carriers. 5.00 to 5.50; Honda, 2.25: to 2.75; Charleston, 2.75 to leans. profit of over seven thousand dollars.

New Orleans celery, dozen stalks, DOc to 3; North Carolina, 2.25 to 2.75; beets, per 367. STRAWBERRY REFRIGERA Sometimes it pays to plant cabbages.

1.00; new potatoes, per barrel, 8.50 to bunch, 8 to 9c; potatoes, No. 1. per bbl., TORS. J. A. B., St. Thomas. We shall Ocala Banner.
9.00; green onions, dozen bunches, 35c to bbl. 4.50 to 5. article containingthe
8 to 9; potatoes, No. 2, per presently publish an
40c; radishes, dozen bunches, 40c to 65c; information you ask for.

pineapples, per 100, 15.00 to 30.00. YORK \ 10. ; T B ;:

Beets, 1.50 to 2 per crate; cucumbers, N. J. H., Sauibel. \Ve cannot publishthis
SAVANNAH, May 10. 2 to 4 per box; cabbages, 1.50 to 2.50 per list without incurring a risk of a suit !

Oranges-Bright, 3.00; russet, 2.50; barrel; beans, 1.50to 3.50 per crate; for libel; we can only keep it for the benefit :

grape fruit, 1.50; pineapples, crate 5.00 squash, 1 to 1.50 per crate; tomatoes, of our subscribers by letter. The PILiir' i iI
to 6.00; bananas, bunch, 1.25 to 1.50; (carrier crates) 1.50 per crate; tomatoes, Jacksonville concern you mentioned was iJ

potatoes, barrel, 6.00bbage; barrel, (bushel'crates) 1.25: to* 2; Bermuda pota- an out-and-out swindle. There are plenty -
2.50; onions, crate, 2.00; beets, barrel, rime, are selling at 7 to 8. and of good houses in this and other cities. TASTELESS-EFFECTUAL!
6.00; tomatoes, crate, 2.00;' cucumbers, seconds meet a good demand at 5 to 6 Any paid up subscriber, sending stamps I FOR ADISORDERED <>

crate, 2.50; celery dozen, .40; egg per bbl. Floridas are of many different for postage, will be informed of the general I LIVER
plants, dozen, 1.25; beans, crate, 3.50; grades, and prices range from 5 to 8 for standing of any house in the United :
cauliflower, crate, 5.00; strawberries, primes, with seconds 2 to 4.50 per bbl.; States. You have only yourself to blame : Taken as directed th .. famous Pill. will ],

quart, .10; lettuce, barrel, 6.00. Havana potatoes quiet. .Bermuda on- when you put any confidence in men .* prove by the marrellous above or kindred restorative diae...to..enfeebled <<>
KAVANAUGII & BRE 1A\. ions are weak and Havana easy, ranging who promise to pay you far more than | 25 Cents a Box !;

from 1.25 to 1.50. Asparagus in heavy the ordinary market prices. : but generally recognized In EDJI&nJ GeLiD%
NEW YORK May 19. supply and with demand light, marketis 369. CAPONIZING. A. W. E.,Mound, 2 fact throughout the world to be worth aj,
I box. for the reason that theywii +
Orange market active under light receipts week at 1.75 to 3.50 per doz. Bermuda La. We do not have the Poultry Keeper Knin a 4 a CUKE u wide

; Indian River,4.00 to 5.50; brights, beets quiet, but Florida find a sharp' on file. George Q. Dow, North Epping, I, .* plaluta.and'offerers not merely that they one bat b..raaceoreora-i

selected sizes, 3.25 to 4.25; straight lines, inquiry when fancy. _.. N. H can give you all tho information i I doctors'bUb.I .
3.00 to 4.00; russetts, 2.75 to 3.75; grape you want probably. Covered with a Tasteless Soluble
fruit, 2.00 to 3.00; strawberries, Charleston WASHINGTON, D. C.,.May 5. t I 1 Of all druirclsta. Price 25 COltinll.j J|

.15 to.30; Floridas, .12 to .21; N. C., Oranges 126-200 Florida,()fancy, 3.50 250, for* box of BEECHAM'S. PILLS> '. ,.worth a iNN New.York...,',Depot.........,363....Canal....,.... .
.15 to .22; pineapples, .15 to .30; beans, to: 4.50; 96 Florida fancy, ..:50 to 2.75; guinea. -




Our Y Fo high above her nest, she quietly watched mated that more than two hundred The orange trees along the F. C. &
oun s. the approach of her enemy. His ugly, acres of land will be planted out in P. show the bad effects of the long

'" writhing body crept slowly! ] along, nearE'Pineapple slips this season in vicinity drouth in a }marked degree Many
and until within foot of ;
nearer, a
A Wise Ant.A in the famous old of Bishop
then, just as he opened his mouth to of Lemon City. It is also estimated trees grove
gentleman in the island of St. Croix take his dainty breakfast, down he went that between sixty and one hundred and Harris are dead, though the

instituted several experiments with reference .to the ground as suddenly as though a acres of land will be planted in lemon trees are so thick and cover such a

he had to often ascertaining been told the of the truth ingenuityand of.what bullet had gone through<< his head, and trees in this vicinity.-Tropical Sun. large territory, a few hundred, more
hurried off into the jungle beyond.
apparent reasonings of the ants of From his Lake Worth garden, on or less, would not be greatly missed.

that beautiful island. Having slain a the east side between lake and It would seem probable that a thinning .
centipede which had been sent him by a out would add materially to thebearing
J'I of heavy rich land Mr. Pat.
friend, he laid it on the window sill within gtate ocean, ,
capac1ty.-Gunesv1l1e: Sun.
rick Lennon has shipped this season
his apartment, where, though not a
single individual of that mischievousrace over thirteen hundred crates of tomarhe: number of boxes of oranges!
in Fer-
Pompano are being caught
of vermin had been seen, to hisgreat toes. These were grown by himself, shipped from Orange City station for
in the of few Bay.
gratification course a
and were as fine fruit as any ever the season 1890-91 was 12,680,
hours one solitary ant suddenly made its The total assessed value of real estate .
appearance through a crevice in the cas- marketed. This serves as an exam against 36,840 for the season of
ing, attracted by the odor of the dead !. personal l property, Florida and pie of what the returns of labor are in 1891-92. This shows an increase of
body. telegraphs for the State of for this section.Tropical Sun. 24. .60 boxes, a very encouraging increase -
Shortly after, having surveyed the the 1891, was $97,547,004.91.
year Mr. of I for the year, and an increase
John J. Heussey, Pennsylvania -
premises, it disappeared, but speedily returned
Neil M. Alexander has just finishedputting which will doubt be
with a host of companions, to who has had a life long experi. no repeated
whom the discovery of a prize had ,con- in a $2,500 irrigating plant, ence in the culture and curing of to- year by year, as many young groves

sequently been communicated; a more with a capacity of 600 barrels per bacco, has left the Sauble place, Put are coming into! bearing. This num-

careful survey of the magnitude of the hour, for his twenty-acre orange grove nam county, and associated himself ber does not include those hauled to
object was evidently instituted. The at Beresford. Chester.the junction, but only those billed at
whole company then disappeared simul- with Mr. J. W. Roper, of !
taneously through the crack, but an A number of irrigating plants have The gentlemen will plant from six to the Orange City, station.-Times.

army was put in requisition, for the been put in on groves in the vicinity ten acres of tobacco, and propose to Over the signature of W. Kues,

third appearance was a multitude. Hav- of DeLand the past winter; and they start a cegar factory at Chester and Ph. D., chemist, Ocala Free Press
ing mounted the carcass, examined have done incalculable good during work their the Late
minutely exact position, and satisfied own products.- publishes following: researches -
themselves that it was actually bereft of the drought. dina News. in Florida waters reveal the

life, and that no danger would be in- Alligator holes containing water are We are sadly in need of rain, having astonishing fact that they are very rich

curred from their premeditated opera- at a premium now. The thirsty cattle had none for the past seven weeks. In sulphate of lime, or gypsum, while
tions, a new and unlooked-for-series of around them until t the total residue is in most cases .
labors was commenced, being such a <<: stay every green Vegetables and grains which were up very
striking analogy to human reason, as thing In the neighborhood is devoured. before the dry spell set in are refusing high indeed, containing also carbon-

manifested in what is commonly called -Bradford Telegraph. to grow and those seeds planted since ate of li.ne, magnesia, alkalies, etc.,

"contrivance," that if there is no intelli- Tarpon fishing in Peace river, bedo not come up. Orange trees are !to which: generally, some phosphate
gence in it-why, the metaphysicians is admixed. One of the hardest
have in reservation an unexplored field tween Ogden and Liverpool, is fine not suffering, owing to the many sub-
of observation.Not sport. Fifteen silver kings have alterraneous passages through which waters analyzed contained 260 parts

being able to move the mass entire, ready been taken, some of them moisture from the river finds its way total 1 solids to 100,000 parts water, of

they divided themselves into platoons, weighing 140 pounds.-Fort Ogden to the tap-roots.-Crystal River Letter which 201 parts were gypsum. The
and cut the body into portions of about Times. in Free Press. Ocala city water contains 52 total sol-
half inch in length which was effec-
an ,
Mr. Godwin bids fair to become ids to 100,000 water, of which 23
tually and skillfully done between a late There are now between 445 and Elijah
hour in the afternoon and the following 460 convicts serving out sentences, all the cattle king ot Florida.l His parts are gypsum. These are higher

night, and each piece transported to their of whom are in the phosphate mines purchases thus far for 1892 amount to figures thanwhich allowed notfor drinking
citadel, through some contiguous water should have more
aperture nearly ten thousand head of stock cat ,
with the of which
sufficient diameter to allow it to exception 75, are
than total solids including not
tie. The Lightsey brothers, of Fort 45- ,
When the observer arose at day- on turpentine
pass.light every part had been carried away The total amount of the appropriation Meade, are now engaged in driving more than 13 parts gypsum. Compare
but the head, which was really movingoff 4,000 of the above number from FortThompson. New York and Brooklyn waters
toward the hole, surrounded by an for Florida carried by the river : We are told that it will with only 6.10 total solids in 100,000

immense concourse of admiring specta- and harbor is $380,000, of which require several months to complete the water. Gypsum is the more objectionable
tors, probably on the qui rive happy in the St. Johnsbill will receive $150,000 that it cannot be removed
Item in Bartow
the delightful anticipation of future the I largest sum devoted to one stream delivery.-Midland
by boilingin the water. Researches in
feasts and revelings. On further scruti- Courier Informant.A f .
or h ar b or.ca I a Free Press. the bacteria of Florida are in
ny he found that the decapitated head bear has been good progress
was mounted on the backs of about a It is so dry at St. Andrews Bay that having' a and will be published in the course of
time with Mr. 1\\[ II Eldo
dozen bearers who like Roman ; :J.e er sees at
a pha-- the vegetables will not grow, and the lime.
lanx with a testudo upon their shoulders, farmers are looking for some other rado for some lime past. Monday -
were marching off in orderly manner toward ht last Dick; King and Kit Good-
the same orifice through which all source of revenue. The Messengerwin went there to catch him. They I CURE FITS !
two lately came in from
had York
the rest disappeared.-New says men
entered the Wb to them
apuryand were making nla:11eueldonot mean merely stop
Ledger. North Bay with two wagon loads: of for a time and then bare them return qaln. I mean ao
for in which to watch for him
<- a ,
hers. radical cere. I hare mode tha d tease of FITS, EPL
How God Teaches the Birds. g P when Bruin stepped out in front ot LT.PSY or FALLI5O SICKMZSS a hfe-Ionc.tadI

On the island of Java grows a tree, E. Leybourne shipped 2,500 them Mr. Bear had struck the warrant: my remedy.! to cure the wont cose Decani.*
others have failed i j ator reason for not now receirinccure. :
the leaves of which are said to be a quarts of strawberries !from his pack- wrong nest that time, and his life paid Bead at give a treatise and*Free Battle: efmy
deadly poison to all venomous reptiles.The Ing house May 4. This closes up the the forfeit. New Breeze. i infallible remedy. Give Express and Post Office.
odor of the leaf is said to be so of- season's business. On account of the Smyrna ii. G. nnoT. nr. c.. is.i Pearl Kt.. Y. T.
fensive to the whole snake family that if
they come near to the tree in their travels late frosts and the extreme dry ,
they immediately turn about and take weather the crop has been short and f/11 -
- an opposite direction.A very much! delayed in this section.- D 1.11 iii D D YES
traveler on the island noticed one I Gainesville Sun.
day a peculiar fluttering and a cry of
distress from a bird high above his head. There were 1,567 crates of vegeta- :

Looking up, he saw a mother bird hovering 1 bles shipped from the island last week. Brilliant !
round a nest of little ones in sucha Howard & Kennedy shipped 211

frightened and perplexed manner as to crates, Clyatt & Armstrong shipped! : Durable !
cause him to stop and examine into the
trouble. Going around to the other side I 92 crates, Strobhar & Jones shipped
of the tree he found a large snake climb- 103 crates, etc. One thousand and Economical I

ing slowly] up the tree in the direction of fift Y-two crates of vegetables left the :

the It little was beyond nest. his reach; and, since he hay on Saturday, against 300 from Diamond Dyes excel all others in Strength, rarity, and Fastness. None ether are
river. Manatee Advocate.
could not help the little songster by deal- the just u good. Beware of imitations, because they are made of cheap and inferior materials

ing the death blow, he sat down to see All of our neighbors are busily engaged and give poor,weak, cocky colors. To be sure of success use only the DIAMOND DYES

the result of the attack. Soon the getting land ready for pineap- for coloring Dresses, Stockings, Yarns, Carpets, Feathers, Ribbons, &c., &c. We warrant
of the bird ceased and he
piteous thought,cry Can it be possible she has left pie slips. Following are a few !of the them to color more goods, package for package, than any other dyes ever made,and to give

her young to their fate, and has flown most promInent.planters for this seamess brilliant and durable colors. Ask for the DIAMOND, and take no other.

away to seek her own safety son : L.: W. Pierce, Wm. H. Lowe, Send postal for Dye Book,Sample Card,directions tor coloring Photos.,making the finest Ink Cr Blobf
No; for again he heard a fluttering of Jrs. Alicia Carey, Miss Ada Merritt, (10 cents a quart), etc. Sold by Druggists. Address

wings the tree and with, looking a large up leaf, saw from her this fly into tree E. C. Harrington, P. W. Merritt, W. WELLS, RICHARDSON & CO., Burlington, Vt.

of poison and carefully spread it over her J. Smith, A. Russell, John Albury., For Gilding or Bronzing;< O/MIMT S cold' s"veV Bronze,
little ones. Then alighting on a branch i Garry Niles, Benj. Curry. It is estiFancy Articles. USE DAM; 0 N D 'It I Copper. only 10 Cents.


. '



Our designs some prefer potato starch. A ry became clogged up with ashes and is a cheat and a mockery, because

!Ruralome, generous pound will make sufficient carbon in various shapes and forms, these very elements have been mostly

paste for a room 16x16 and 8% feet and as a result disease!'\ came, and before removed from it, with the bran and

Dr. Lemon. high. It should be thin .enough to the cases were fully appreciated, the "shorts" or "midd;ing'*" attachedto
brush on smoothly. Trim one edgeof demoralized condition of the
Squeeze him into a glass of water nervous it. Graham bread or gems are not
every morning and drink him with the paper ; whether left or right systems was manifested, and they laid only nourishing, but laxative and

very little sugar, says the New York depends upon the way of procedure.If the flattering unction to their souls cooling to the system-the ideal food

Herald. He will keep your stomachin from left to right, the left edge is that they had indulged in mental over- II for this climate. But in summer it is

the best of order and never let Mr. cut close to the pattern. Cartridge work. Hard work, mental or physical difficult to procure this flour in Florida -

Dyspepsia, whom he hates cordially, paper is wisely committed to the rarely ever kills. If a mild because the vermin, with their

get into it. If you have dark hair andit hands of the professional paper hanger. amount of physical exercise be taken, unfailing instinct for high class articles -
Measure the long spaces and cut the and a judicious amount of food be of food
seems to be falling out cut off a slice attack it in five fold
of the doctor and rub him on your lengths, matching as you cut. Pace: furnished, the bowels kept open in greater force than they do the tasteless -

scalp. He will stop that little trouble the paper face down on the board and the proper manner, the surface protected fat-forming and heatmakingwhite
brush the paste evenly over it, not with clothing and the flour.
promptly. Squeeze him into a quartof proper But there are 10 pound
milk and he will give you a mix-I slighting the edges. Turn back a individual cultivates a philosophicalnature paper sacks of graham flour put up

ture to rub on your face night and quarter or more of the paper upon itself and absolutely resolves to per- expressly for summer use, free from

morning:and get a complexion like a at the bottom, take up the top mit nothing to annoy or fret him, the vermin, and which can be bought in

princess. Pour him into an equal and press against the wall. Now pass chances are that he can do an almost the larger cities.
the cloth with gentle pressure from unlimited amount of work for an indefi
quantity of glycerine and rub
your GRAHAM AFERS.-Iix graham flour
hands with the mixture before going the middle of the paper towards the nite length of time, bearing in mind with cold water(no salt). Knead thor-

to bed. If you don't mind sleeping edges. If not in exact position, gent- always that when weariness comes, he oughly fifteen minutes; roll very thin,

with gloves on, that is better still and ly pull the lower part of the paper must rest, and not take stimulants about one-half as thick as soda crackers;

helps the Dr. in his task from he wall, and having adjusted it, work upon false capital. cut two-inch squares and (t.akequickly.
considerably pat with the cloth as before. Carefully ._.-. These will keep for months in a dry
of whitening your hands. In the place. It makes them crisp to place in
!morning wash your hands thoroughly smooth the paper as you proceed, Hints to Housekeepers. the; oven a few minutes before bringing
and the work will be satisfactorv
when to the table. Theme arethe lest
in warm water and apply the doctor Salads should_ be served the day
completed. Should the strip prove bread made and are soon relished by all
again pure, but only a few drops of where they are prepared.A who eat them.WIIEATLET .
too long, crease it is to be
him this time. You must not keep delicious almond cream is made
shortened with the shears and cut CAKES.-Made like buck-
this up too long or your hands will evenly. The joining of two short by mixing half a pint of cream with a wheat cakes, substituting the wheatlet

show such a dazzling whiteness as to strips to form a long one is unnoticed pint of milk; sweeten to taste, add five for buckwheat. These are delicicous,
make all the other ladies in the and destined to become
young when the matching is perfect. The yolks of egg and three whites, with an very popular.

vicinity jealous. If you have a bad border is easily handled in pieces of ounce of chopped almonds. Stir over GRAHAM FRUIT CRACKERS. Two-
headache cut Dr. Lemon into slices, considerable The breadth the fire in a porcelain bowl or pipkin thirds cup sweet cream; 1 cup dritd
and rub these length. 01! currants, picked and washed tea-
along your temples. the placed in a saucepan of boiling water ; %
The pain will not be long in disappearing approved paper crown requiresmore until it thickens. Serve in custard spoon soda; careful than''the
pasting narrow equal parts graham white flour to
-at least in growing easier to one of former days. Moldings closeto cups. make a very stitf dough. Roll out less

bear. If a bee or an insect stings you the ceiling are abo in As Butter and those sauces containingegg than: l/ inch in thickness; cover thickly
clap a few drops of the doctor on the vcgue. should boil with the fruit; lay on another sheet of
the gilded pieces must be mitered neyer but just come
spot and will find yourself the the dough; pass the rolling pin over it;
better for you it. If have troublesome their adjustment calls for the labor of up to a cream. Remove instantly.If cut in shapes; prick deeply; bake in
you a one somewhat skilled in the use of possible, have double kettles to moderate oven thoroughly.
the doctor be
corn can
to again put : tools. Ceiling paper gives: a room a cook all grains The price of one GRAHAM GEMS.-Three cups of whole
good account by rubbing
on more finished appearance than white- can be saved in a short time by the wheat flour or graham; two cups, cold
the toe after you have taken a hot wash, but unless it can be yearly renewed saving of what usually sticks to the water; half cup milk (omit salt). Hrat"
bath and cut away as much as possibleof in gem pans very hot on top of the stcUe;
"living rooms the whitewash kettle whencooked in the
the troublesome intruder. Besides till them even full with: the batter; plLceon
is preferable from a sanitary way. the grate of a hot and
all this, the doctor is always ready to very oven
point of view. let[ them remain ten minutes, then bake
Ice is used to
sacrifice himself in the cause of Russian 0 now preserve cut thirty minutes on bottom of The
lowers. Put bunch of in .
tea-slice in without sugarorin People That Lack Salt. your roses 'acorn" gem pans are essential. Theseare >
the preparation of old-fashioned the refrigerator over night. Salt arid small, round,deep iron pans. Notice,
lemonade, than which no drink is Salt dee not enter into the food cf ice.are said to answer even better than three things are necessary: for good gems
more wholesome. Dr. the poor Venetians, says a letter from ce alone. -the best graham tlour, ery hot pans
Altogether Venice to the Omaha Bee. They and o\en, and the "acorn" gem yans.)
Lemon is an individual few peoplecan Dress sachets filled with violet orris
No beating i is required. These conditions
never taste it and the hospital for the
afford to get along without.Papering impart the cleanliest perfume, a crescent observed, the gems will be as light as
scrofulous children
Lido is filled
o. by I one for the left under arm, an sponge cake. They can IKJ eaten warmor
those who have not had the necessary cold but are best heated over in a
: Walls. oblong one for the right side of the
article in their food. Every evening quick oven.CRACKED.
and a long, narrow roll (for
Paper of fair quality and artistic I have noticed
a poorly dressed ROLLED 'IIEAT.-In
the back seam of the dress skirt, just
design can be purchased at so low a woman, accompanied by two small below the waist. quarts boiling water stir one pint

figure this season, the cost of the covering children, a boy and a girl, go to a cracked wheat, and half a teaspoonful
can be no insuperable obstaclein point on the river and lean over the During the .season when eggs are salt. Use a farina boiler or double ket-
the of furnishing the walls. plenty and cheap many persons pack tle, and cook thiee hours without"stir
way edge of the wall and fill a bottle with
ring. When done mould in dishes. Eat
Unfortunately for those of limited the salt curious them, small end down, in a box well
water. Becoming as hot or cold, with fruit sauce or cream
means, the silver that can commandthe to the use made of it I approachedher covered with coarse salt, never allowing and sugar. The rolled wheat i is preferable -

services of a paper hanger far outweighs with an apology for the question, the eggs:! to touch each other. ; not being able to procure it, one
the expense of the paper, and and asked what she did with the sea Have small holes bored in the bottomto can crack wheat in an ordinary coffee-
home skill rolls drain ofT the moisture. Some use
unless can place new water. Turning upon me a sweet, sad
the eye must still rest upon the old, face, in which traces of beauty were oats to pack in.Graham. GRAHAM MUSH.-Stir graham flour in
boiling water slowly until it makes a
and possibly ugly, hangings. Paper still visible'she replied that this was e thick batter, cook slowly about ten min

hanging savors not of a pastime, it the only way she had of giving her Recipes. utes; add a little salt to water before the

tests the patience of the inexperienced; children the taste of salt which they People living in this bilious climate, water is put in; eat with sugar and

but persistent effort will accomplish it. required. The tax levied upon this who do not have the benefit of the cream. .

The outfit is simple. A board a little article by the government placed it various admirable and wholesome -O-4

wider than the paper and a trifle entirely beyond the reach of the poor. dishes that can be made from graham An Excellent Polish for Furniture.To .

longer than the height of the room, -. .. (unbolted) flour, are not aware how make old new instead of using

a pair of large shears, a clean white- Overeating vs. Overwork.An much they are losing. In this climatethe kerosene {as some do) take equal partsof

- wash brush, housesteps and two clean abuse that tends to the injury of average human system requires linseed oil, turpentine and strong

old aprons or towels. Go over the brain workers is excessive catirg. A fruits and vegetables, but there is not cider vinegar, put in a bottle, shake

old paper with a wet brush and thereis writer in the Medical Mirror recalls to nourishment enough in there alone, well, and it will be ready for use.

little difficulty in removing it. Before mind several active brain workers who for, in fact, in Florida one requires a Apply with a cotton-flannel cloth or a

repapering mend,: all holes in the suddenly broke down and fancied nourishing diet to counteract the debilitating cloth that is free from lint. Rub well

walls with plaster of paris moistened that it was due to brain fatigue, when, effect of the humidity. Graham with another cloth until dry. This

with water. Its rapid hardening necessitates as a matter of fact, it was due to overstuffing bread is nourishing, because it mixture can be used: on the very best

its immtdiate use. Flour of their stomachs. The furnace supplies the albuminoids, the muscle piece of furniture without injuring it

paste is generally used. For delicate connected with mental: machine- I making elements. White flour bread and it will give a brilliant polish.F. .



[Continued from page 367.] and failure can hardly follow after- a shingle roof with eighteen inches or from the size of one bushel capacityup
seedling from Santa Fe Lake.. As to ward. He has harvested 310 bushelsof two feet of sand lying upon them. to those holding eight or ten or
almonds don't
plant at all. Elbertas on an acre of trees three One grower, beginning at the edge of twenty bushels; the smaller ones are
Mr Mott says he has some black !! years old-the efiect of rushing the one of these strata, "drifted" back on popularly known as "ponies," the
knot in his
section.Mr. .
young trees. The Burbank is far bet- it with several surface ditches, in very large ones "elephants." The
W. T. Swingle, the U. S. ter than the Kelsey, just on accountof which he collected a supply of water best judgment of the shippers is rather
agent, spoke on the yellows and rosette its color if for else. We
nothing and led it down between his straw- against both of these extreme sizes.
describing each, and earnestly must have color in our fruit to com- berry beds. The best results in most cases have
.warned the growers not to import infected pete with California, and the Kelsey STORAGE OF WATER. been attained with a box holding from
stock, though neither of themis has none. Further down from the central ridgeof 64 up to 120 quarts. The bushel box
now found further south than North
STRAWBERRIES. the peninsula the growers will haveto holds such a small body of ice that it
Georgia.Mr. James Mott read a paper on the collect water either in wooden quickly disappears, and the berries
Lund said his
peach trees were history and general culture of this tanks or in cisterns dug in the dense i spoil in warm weather before they
on spruce pine land, deep sand, yellow
fruit.Mr. clay and walled up with brick or reach the Potomac.
subsoil, protected from north- Phelps gave his experience ; wood in the upper part, which passes: About the best refrigerator yet
the east winds in spring, which will kill thinks it the easiest fruit he has triedto through sand. The railroad tank at tried, to my knowledge, is the E. S.
and fruit
young grow. His land is pine land, but Baldwin is supplied from a cistern or Thomas patent. It is double walled,
Mr. Taber said Mr. had
he grows them near a lake, where the well of this latter description. Though and the two walls have between them
told him the Kelsey should not be land is moist' and dense enough to only twelve feet deep, it supplies the two thicknesses of building paper,
cultivated but let alone if cultivatedat
all it should, be ; little. He I carry water in a ditch. Only uses engines of two railroads in the dry- which are kept apart by slats, formingan
very about 1,000 pounds of commercial est weather. air space between the two walls of
could give no other explanation to its
fertilizer per acre; half applied before IRRIGATION IN DITCHES.It about a half inch. The top is listed
failure to bear in South Florida. Putit
the plants are set, half in December has also been shown that on land around the edge with a strip of felt to
on nothing but plum stock; Mari The first application contained 12 per dense and heavy enough for the best I render: it air tight. The main featureof
anna is the best. Budded on peachit cent actual potash ; the second contained results with strawberries irrigation can the Thomas refrigerator is a central
may bear, and has borne, abun- 4 per cent of ammonia (from' be accomplished in ditches withoutthe drip chamber or flue, three inches

dantly die., but the trees are not healthy; the sulphate) and 6 per cent of phosphoric use of pipes. The beds should be wide, reaching from the ice.pan down .

they acid (from acidulated bone narrow, containing not over two or to the bottom of the box, and extend
John Fabyan, Lake county, gave meal). Treated this way they never three rows of plants; then when a ing from one side of the box to the
.,very. interesting details of his culture begin to make runners until three stream of water is turned into the other. The ice-pan at the top or-the
. of .plums and peaches. All his plums months after picking. All the appli-- ditch it will percolate through the bed box is 4j Z inches deep, which will
are on peach roots, and all do well cations are on the surface. Cultivateson and water the innermost plants without admit a good sized solid slab of ice
and fruit well so far, except for the a level and runs a small stream of supersaturating the outside::; ones. sawn from the block. The ice-pan

root.knot. Soil, high, dry pine.-yellow water between each two rows once a Where the beds are too wide the water has a slot across the middle of it, corresponding
pine-clay eighteen or twenty week. On a plot 56x28 feet he has has to be kept in the ditch so long to with the drip flue below ;
feet down ; has to let beggarweed and had this season seventeen bushels. water the inside plants that the out and at the bottom of the latter there
crabgrass grow in his orchard in the Likes the Michel best for home use. side ones get too much and the fruitis are two holes covered with sponge to
spring, or the plums grow so rank they Theo. L. Mead says his friend, A. rendered too soft for shipment. allow the water to escape and prevent .
will not ship. Root knot is most per- H. Robie, at Mt. Dora, has a varietyof CULTURE ON SANDY SOIL. the ingress of air.
sistent ; follows out roots thirty five apricot obtained from Mr. Berck: The above mention of dense, heavy The advantage of this central drip
feet long to the very end. Keeps it in mans which bears regularly every yeara land for strawberries should not at all flue is that it conveys a draft of air
subjection by liberal fertilizing. The moderate crop, enough for homeuse. discourage the grower who wishes to right down through the middle of the
larger the Kelsey plum the better the raise a few beds for home use on high body of berries and cools them off

quality, he finds. Has some thousands STKAWlIEIlllY CULTURE IN BRADFORD pine, though I could hardly recommend quickly when they come in from the
of plum trees; divides his Kel-- COUNTY. this class of land on which to field full of the sun heat.

seys into two classesheartshapedand A third successive unfavorble season grow berries in commercial quantities.Maj. When strongly made these refrige-
long. Shipped them right after has just come to a close, and if it Sidney Herbert, of Maitland, rators have given general satisfaction;
peaches, when very hard and green, a was not for the high prices receivedfor related to the writer with a high degree but as at present constructed they are
month before maturity ; yet they a good part of the season the of satisfaction his brilliant successin too frail and the life of a box does not
brought him $4 .a_half bushel in New growers would be rather disheartened. raising berries on very sandy land generally extend much beyond one '
York. His fertilizer is made to order Drouth and frost conspired to preventthe simply by the copious application of season.
and of the finest materials he can any- perfection of a stand of plants and water carried in buckets. The principal All the other refrigerators, great and
where find. It consists of one meas- the formation of fruit on what plantswere trouble on this kind of soil is to small, are made substantially on the
ure of standard orange tree fertilizer, grown. But enough has been keep the plants alive through the sum same principle-an icepan in the top .
one of bone meal, and two of 95 percent demonstrated to show that Florida mer. A thrifty, closely-planted row extending over the whole body of the
sulphate of potash.Mr. have practically a monopolyof of corn growing eight ten feet
growers :; or highon berries, with the drip issuing at the
Lund said, however Mr. F. the markets of the country for a each side of the bed, will preserve side of the box, and not in the bottomas
might do with plums, for peaches he month or six weeks, and that if theycan (four or five rows of strawberry plants in the Thomas patent. The objection '
wants no mulching but cultivation and only find means to protect their through the trying ordeal of the rainy to the very small ones is that they ,
plenty of fertilizer.Mr. crops against drouth and frost and can i season. hold too little ice, and to the very
Wright thinks potash is the secure some reduction in transportation VARIETIES. large ones that they hold too much
great requisite for the peach tree. The charges, they have an industryof Three new varieties, the Bessie, the fruit, and, unless they are very thor .
Reeves Mammoth, so much advertised substantial and enduring value. Stevens and the Eureka, were testedat oughly iced the top layers will spoil.
gives lots of bloom, but no IRRIGATION. Lawtey the past season; but the The railroad men dislike them on account -
fruit. Irrigation is imperative for the at- plants rusted down badly and gave of their ponderous weight, .
Col. .Harvey (Escambia) thinks tainment of results of sufficient valueto very unsatisfactory results. So far while the very small ones are very aptto
West Florida has set twenty thousand establish an industry worthy of the they have proved no acquisition. The be thrown on their sides or bottom-
fruit trees in seven years, and soon name. In the flatwoods of St. Johns old standards, the Nunan, Cloud, Wilson side up. STEPHEN POWERS.
will be shipping hundreds of carloads. county the level is so near that of the and Hoffman for Northern ship
Peach culture is the most profitableout sea that artesian wells are found to be ment and the Michel for very early FRUITS.I : .

there. He lays great stress on available as a source of water supply, berries and home use still hold undis- am grateful that the task of describing .-
getting a rapid growth in a peach tree but the flatwoods of Bradford countyare puted possession. The Michel can the past or present conditio; .
the first year; thinks you can afford so near the highest level of the be shipped in cold weather, but not of the much vexed question of citru

to fruit a tree three years, then throwit peninsula that some other fountain later than March 20 or 30. fruit culture, or the results, has bee--
over the fence. Tried an experi-- head will have to be sought. Driven REFRIGERATORS.So given into more experienced hands
ment one year; left three rows of wells have been tried in places and fragile a fruit as the strawberrycannot ,I and that the more cheerful and hopeful
trees through an orchard without fertilizer found impracticable on account of the be successfully shipped North, work of predicting the future
; the trees on each side made a density of the clay substratum or the except in cold weather, without the apportioned to your humble servant ;

. splendid growth and began to fruit, occurence of quicksand just below it. aid of ice. Very skillful picking and Now, citrus fruits, to most of u* .
but these three rows remained back- Near the dividing ridge of the peninsula sorting and rapid transit, indeed, will mean simply oranges, for in the won
ward, and though he tried for three the clay strata of Lawtey are enable berries to be shipped nearly to of our President, at a recent banqu
years afterward, he never could bring disposed in successive layers, weatherboard the end of April without ice, but there board-

them out again. The first year's fashion, and an abundant supply I are very few growers who will exercise 'We're proud of our products, and over them r
stunt was fatal. But let a peach tree of water is frequently obtainedon sufficient care to warrant this risk. We've seated the golden: queen;
be pushed to the utmost the first year, one of these strata, which are like Refrigeration has been tried in boxes She's And peerless dresses of in living blossoms grccn.of purest white. .


i iI I

I i .


,I .


And a matchless fruit she is. Here, OVER PRODUCTION. offered in my section by parties who nothing policy would no doubt bringthe
then, is the basis of our hope for the The most sanguine of us must have preserve them for market.THE buyers here to buy the big crops,
future; for who can name a betterone long ago admitted there is to be a LIME, but the little ones would be neglected.In .
? "I," says the far-off voice of great over production of third and being even more tenderthan the orange the North a man who wants only
the California grower. Yet who buta fourth rate Florida oranges; and it ,- thrives best on high pine, fifty or one hundred boxes can go to
Californian will admit his fruits behooves every grower to provide lake-protected regions of far South the auction .and buy; but he wouldnot
superior to ours ? Jamaica, Havana, himself with every device or bit ot Florida-where certain parties are come down to Florida for that
Italy, have long since given up the information that will improve the planning to enter into its cultiva amount.
contest for quality, and are content (?) quality of the fruit; for it is to be a tion on an extensive scale, and bottle Major Rooks said_that the growers
with the even-if possible lower-re question of "the survival of the fit- the juice for export. The figures must nod bear all the blame for ship.
turns which pauper labor, and a bet. test" that sooner or later confronts quoted from the census. $624.096.90, ping green oranges and ruining the
ter, cheaper system of transportation, every business or profession.From as the return from lime culture for market. One year he looked at car
yet allow them.A the last census report we note I 1889, are amazing, if true, and showa after car of oranges bought in his
LOOK BACKWARD.Do the value of oranges raised in the much greater demand than seems county by St. Louis and New Orleans
you remember the dark days of United States for 1889 was $6,602- possible to our limited vision. As to merchants, and they were as green as
1884 and 1885, when, with only 600- 099.06; lemons, $988,099.00; limes, the shaddock, we confess we see but any he ever saw shipped by the growers. -
000 boxes to market, the returns $624,096.90. A very good showingfor little "future" for such a coarse, unwieldy E. L. Goodsell in an advertisement -
barely paid expenses ? When curb an.infant industry, and deservingthe pumpkin-like product.On advised the growers to ship
stone commission men were the rule, protection enjoyed by older and the whole, then, a levelheadedview green; last October. The Orange
and consignments were frequently un stronger infants. into the future, while not so rosyas Dealers' Protective Association one
heard of, after being shipped? Then, But the most hopeful future signsare the more visionary outlook a few year went on a junket to Tampa, and
do you remember the advance in that our market is not to be con years past, should not be disheartening there had a meeting and resolved not
price of 1885-6, the depression of fined to this continent. Other shoresare but hopeful to the careful, con- to buy, and the growers had to con
1886-7, the boom of 1888, and now tasting our matchless fruit and scientious growers of to day. "Boom" sign. The do-nothing policy will not
we have the collapse of the past hankering, like Oliver Twist, for prices for )suit and for groves are answer.
events. The crop has been nearly "more." Note the advertisement of probably gone never to return, and Mr. C. Delano said that he had no
doubling itself each year, until duringthe British merchants soliciting consign- the future of citrus fruits must be the hostility to the Exchange; that he be-
past season of 1891 and 1892, ments, and the good returns from those same as that of apples, pears and lieved them to be honest; but theyare
there has been forwarded at least who have tried a few shipments. To grapes of the Northern States, albeitwe consignors like himself. Mr.
3,500,000 boxes, which have, unfor our mind these facts open a most still believe on the whole showinga Ripley, their Boston agent, told him
tunately, gone upon fruit stands al promising future, and the coining season balance in favor of the golden fruits. personally that he had "bought in"
' ready glutted with a crop of Northern may see a line of ships put on to O. M. CROSBY. Exchange fruit at his own sales. The
fruits, and, lamentable fact! Florida run from Florida direct to British MARKETING, Exchange is well enough if it would
is deprived of her golden harvestof shores. Turning from the orange to distribute the fruit, but instead of
Mr. E. Bean read a paper taking
dollars, and, looking at the mil THE LEMON, ground against the ruinous sys- that it concentrates it. He had had
lions of newly planted trees, yet unproductive an even more promising outlook greetsus tem of consignment, urging the growers fruit sold in Rochester for $1.50 when
growers are anxiously for in place of a glut is greed for to abandon it absolutely and right in Boston and New York, on
asking-""What of the future?" more-a great demand-which is not forever. He said the is the the same date, it sold for 40 cents on
a A three-line advertisement in small half filled. To be sure, being a more only important crop on earth orange which is account of the glut produced by the
type in one State paper, headed tender fruit, a smaller area is fit for consigned and allowed to be sold by Exchange. Yet, in the next breath,
\Yanted-Bearing Orange Groves," its culture. Again, on our rich ham a thousand miles from the Mr. Delano said that he believed that
brings scores -even hundeds-of re mocks it often. grows too coarse and grower's strangers home-strangers whom he the single] city of New York could receive -
plies. "A good time to buy then," rough to be marketable; yet on poor i never saw, perhaps never will see, and and handle the entire crop of
says the level headed business man black jack ridges in the more southern knows nothing about. The apple Florida for all time to come, so vast
with a long searching look ahead, andso lake protected regions, it attains the of Michigan were systemat- are her facilities for rapid distribution!
some of my friends are acting accordingly perfection that has made the Florida ically robbed until they, with one W. H. Sharp-The preeminent
; for the citrus industry is orange famous. It will be many years accord, declared they would never need of the growers is to have a sys-
fast getting down to the every day, before Florida will glut the home mar consign another barrel ; then the buyers tem that will regulate the volume and
tj business-like basis of other fruits and ket with lemons, and a great future came to them. movement of fruit. The sit-down-
r products; and notwithstanding the opens up for the careful grower.THE Mr. Brady, of Indian river, argued and-wait policy will not do; there must
prevailing glut and low prices of the POMELO. against the simple sit down-and-do- be positive regulations of the move-
past winter we hear many cheerful Passing through upper Broadway, nothing system of Mr. Bean, and ment of fruit.
reports of those with first-class, bright New York, a few years since after a urged active organization and effortin Mr. Bielby thinks the ideal system
fruit, well packed, who have clearedthe happy winter in Florida, I noticed a the line of the Fruit Exchange.For will be to sell the fruit on the trees or
usual high prices and go on the huckster with a wagon load of the three years he shipped the same at the depot, but this can never be
even tenor of their. way as tranquillyas now popular, then unknown, grape grade of fruit, car with car every done by sitting down. He instancedthe
before. fruit or pomelo. He wore a discour-- time, one to the best commission Herkimer County Cheese ex-
.r ROOM AT THE TOP aged look as he came out of the houses houses and one to the Exchange, and change. The makers were as help
is as certain in orange culture as in with samples of fruit which he vainly every time, without exception, the less at one time as the orange growers -
practicing medicine or law, and the offered for sale. His countenance Exchange gave him better returns than are now, and they first tried the
thorough man who shows the same lightened as I asked, "How much are the merchants. policy of sitting down and waiting,
skill and brain necessary in other linesof those grape fruit?" and he replied, Major Healey said sarcastically that but that did no good, it did not bring
business will make his success in "'V en. I am glad there is one man in the growers would soon have concertof the buyers. At last they organized an
orange growing. New York who knows what they are.I action. Very soon they would exchange, a hall was opened, bulletin
e Northern fruit growers have a pro. can't sell them;" and I happily carried have concert of action in not being boards were put up, the latest reports
verbially uncertain business. In Del home a sack full at the rate of able to pay for their boxes. Very soon from all the markets of the world were
aware one paying crop of peaches in "eight for a quarter. they would have concert of action in displayed, and from this date forwardthe
four is the rule. Even in Western Today what a change, and how not being able 10 buy fertilizersomecannot buyers were on hand in numbers.He .
New York crops oT apples, pears, or suddenly popular has become this al. now. Very soon they will had known five hundred buyers to
even strawberries and other small most unknown, healthful fruit While have concert of action in cutting down arrive in one morning. The Fruit Ex-
fruits have their "off years," and are oranges have gone begging at $1.00 their groves; he is doing this now change is the only instrumentality by
1 a poor dependence for the average per box the past three months in Jacksonville with part of it, and will plant some- which this can be brought about. He
.. farmer. Still brainy men are yet grape fruit have readily thing that will mature so late that it made an eloquent eulogy of the Ex-
.1 succeeding in these lines where so brought $2.00 per box, though so will compete with nobody. Very change. On $7,000 capital the offi-
.1 many fail, by using every known de large that only a fourth the numberof soon interest and the mortgage will be cers have handled millions of boxes of
9't' vice for improving the quality of grape fruit could be packed in the here; then starvation will be here; oranges and not a cent has- bear lost.
{ their fruit, and making packages at- same box ; and all growers know they then they will have concert of action! No man can say that he has ever losta
+ tractive. thrive with less trouble and are equally Mr. Brady said, to prove the valueof single cent from any fruit he Has entrusted
': Grapes are sold as low as $5 per ton prolific as the orange. the Fruit Exchange, that he would to the Exchange. Personal
r ) in California, yet the acreage is fast 1\loral.-Plant more and better show how the commission men hate it. ambition-nothing but personal ambition -
' increasing, and fortunes are made in grape fruit. One of them once offered him $1.25 on -is at the bottom of all the
'' one year, as in 1891, by California THE CITRON OF COMMERCE the trees, and when he found that: he t opposition to th'e exchange (applause);
-.t growers who have the pluck to stickto is coming; to the front and the demandis belonged to the F. F// E. he came and these opposers are the .tricnds and
it through thick and thin. increasing, $2.00 per hundred being t back and offered him $2.25. The do. L [Continued on page 376.)






Agriculture' is the Basis of Wealth" No. 10.

A Plea for More Money. gold or silver, or any other material." terminated May 10, 18]1. In April, In 1836 Andrew Jackson set his
Editor Alliance Department: Thus, government may put its royal 1870, the circulation of the Bank of foot upon the National banks and took
We have endeavored to show the stamp upon paper, affixing its money France was $288,750,000 bullion and the surplus in the United States Treas-
fearful oppression of our beloved value, and if it limits the quantity: and the specie was $261,550,000, a little ury, amounting to $36,000,000, and
South; in this article we will endeavorto fully provides against counterfeitingof over $18 per capita. In August, 1870, distributed it among the people and
show that full legal tender money, it, it will have the same currency the French Government suspended the people have never been asked for
made receivable for every debt public value as gold or silver, or any other specie payment and made notes on the it. In 1888, Grover Cleveland, by
and private, issued by the government substance. It (money) is the recognized Bank: of France legal tender. In con the ruling of the Secretary, took the
under proper restrictions, has ever been presence of sovereignty in the sideration of this, the bank loaned the surplus, amounting to more than $61-
a blessing to its people. .Therefore, it market and court." And as economic government $316,000,000 at i per 000,000, and deposited it in the Na-
is the bounden duty of the govern questions be best understood by cent and paid i per cent on its entire tional bank, without interest, and more
ment to protect its people against comparison of the experiences of the circulation. Under these conditions, than $8,000,000 remains there to-day.
money usurers, and, when the gov. monetary systems, their successes and the Bank of France and other credit 0, for a Jackson to lead the peoplein
ernment fails to do so, disaster to its failures, we therefore submit the following institutions loaned to the people in two the fight in 1892 against National
citizens usually follows. : Secretary Windom, in a let- weeks $36,000,000, and the only collateral banks and to place the hard-earned
Thos. H. Benton, in the United ter to the National Economist, May or security required was an money of the wealth-producers in the
States Senate, declared himself as 17th, 1890, made use of the followingtable honest name, a fair business or commercial hands of the people and give them a
follows: "The government itself : standing. It is recorded that I full legal tender, 'a volume of currency
ceases to be independent; it ceasesto u not a commercial or industrial failure I sufficient to do the business of the
be safe, when the National cur- v,69Q). occurred in the liquidation of those country! My apology for the lengthof
rency is at the will of a company.All *'c3 H* Q. 8.8 8 -p loans. In October, 1873, when the irredeemable these articles is the importance of
property is at their mercy, the -.s :: a X- 'Msoon- circulation reached $640- the subject.
price of real estate, of every growingcrop as N: ... 000,000, gold, silver and legal tender T- J. WILLIAMS.
of every staple article in the were at par. At the close ot the war Bartow, Fla.After. .-
market is at their command." t named, Germany forced upon :Francean -
The United States Monetary Com fi !i .3 indemnity or war fine of $1,000- the Drouth What?
mission created August 15th, 1876, C;.8... \0 ...0"0V 000,000 principal and interest, the Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower.
) N 0\
consisting of three United States Sena- u v.;rna()NPt9U HI. contract to be paid in gold in four Yours of 6th at hand. Our expe-
tors, three members of the House 22n.. years. The last was paid September rience with Mexican June corn is very
and three secretaries, made a report, t;. 22n'YI 80co_ 5, 1873, one year and eight months limited, and has failed to justify a
March 2, 1877, in which appears these := S8 oS1T 'n 2 .Kcrh: before due. The advance of moneyto recommendation. It scalds in the

words: "The true and only cause r-NN.<< .. ... C1 -.";''v.f... industries in August,1870, not only rains other. It
. of the stagnation in industry and commerce e c.. enabled the people tp pay governmenttaxes summer just as any
now everywhere felt is the fact :go.-. n 0 .'.":.. u but to respond to two loans, may do in the clay lands of North. '
now everywhere existing of the falling t7 0 0 2.$ I c.K.: J:u> I'\o o "'I-:.).<<" one of $5 54,000,000 and the other for western Florida, but not on the sandy
prices caused by a shrinking volumeof .O\or)rio '0"o-). '," OON.w ,": $827.000,000, the people offering to
money. This is the great cause, take $8,000,000,000, nearly (at that lands.We know of no better crop for late
all others are collateral, cumulative, a i time) four times our National debtIn
are really the effect of that cause." @gS8. .!:!- 2 5 haan August, 1877, the specie in three planting than the Spanish peanut. It
Speaking of the disasters existing in :0aorrMMMO WN.9_r 0 w 2v) countries was as follows: will stand plenty of sun and furnishes

1879, Senator John A. Logan slid, C.: . . Bank of England, $125,146,000 both nuts and forage. The nuts area
"it is a money famine and nothingelse. . E : Bank of( Germany, 133 845,000. crop saleable at any time.
." In his speech, March 17, 1879, .:g .: : .::8-:. Bank of France, 442,4 3,000. So far as we know, the planting of
Senator Logan quoted from Hon. .-g-, .V W: .V This shows more than one: and one- cow peas has been limited, farmers
Isaac Buchanan, of Ontario, Canada, :: .S n .'- :11 S half times more specie in France thanin having held back for rain. This is
follows "It is that the 'O ;;; 'O ; both and Re- the also with
as : seen ques :: = :: = England Germany. case spring vegetables.Your .
tion of labor and money are one and ...'"au :: ...aua port of the French Minister of Finance query is a hard one to answer
the same question, the solution of the ;" 1877: Circulation,'paper, $i-, and we see no prospect of a general
one being the solution of the other, It should be borne in mind that 800,000,000;coin,$434,000,000; total, crop of anything except peanuts.
plentiful, therefore cheap, money be- gold and silver certificates in this ta- 2234000000. Population, 34,000- With extra attention the farmerscan
.. ing a convertible term for plentifuland ble are classed as paper money; there- 000; $66 per capita. raise enough vegetables for familyuse
well paid employment." fore, the apparently large amount of These figures prove conclusivelythat during the summer. Watermelons -
If money plays such a conspicuouspart paper to the amount of our gold and as silver increases in volume so cucumbers and beans can be
in the welfare of the civilized silver. There is no disputing the has gold, while a legal tender circulation planted in the open; also squash,
world, the all importan tquestion=Ismoney fact that the French government is amounting to $52 per capita egg-plants, tomatoes, peas, lettuce
strictly _speaking, a metallic! I the most prosperous in the world, not- backed by the credit of_ the government radishes, turnips, etc., can be grown. .-..
thing, or its functions created bylaw withstanding the fact of its late disas- of France floated at par with if a frame six feet high is erected and
? We take the position that the trous wars. France extricated her gold. Will any one claim that the covered thickly with oak brush to exclude -
money function may be attached bylaw self from as great a financial difficulty resources of America are inferior to the sun. Enough light will
to any material. The material ;!'as ever befel a government. After those of France? Then can it be come from the sides.
should be appropriate, convenient to the revolution of 1848, by the decreeof claimed that the French prosperity is This is a good time now to urge the
handle light to carry, easy to conceal, March 15, the notes of the Bank not due to the legal tender money issued planting of egg-plant for {fall crop for
and difficult to counterfeit. Intrinsic of France were made legal tender to by the government? Why is it thatin {for truckers. It will give Septemberand
value in the material to which the the amount of $350,000,000. The a country like ours, where its resources October for shipping. Celery is ..
money function is attached, is not notes could not be printed fast enoughfor are largely undeveloped, we also a good crop to bring forward
necessary. I heretofore quoted from public consumption-the amount have so little money? Is it not evident now to mature in November, and
Webster, showing the full power of taken in the first ten days was $6,000, that if every government would later.
Congress over money, and while I 000. The English writers on finance take the controling power out of the In recommending the peanut, be
might fill columns, I will only quote said that it would lead to the destruction hands of those whose interest it is to sure and mention the fact that consid-
from Judge Tiffany, of New York: of the French currency, thoughit make money dear so that they may erable lime is necessary; lack of that
"A government, like the Spartan law- was but a short time until the Eng collect exorbitant rates of usury, and means nuts without kernels. Of
giver, may put its stamp upon leather lish press admitted its success as a let the government issue an amountof course we need not dwell on the
and make that currency; it can master stroke of finance. full legal tender to do the businessof sweet potato as a summer crop. The
give to its stamp upon leather the I The war between France and Germany the country, that the results would l only way I see is for the farmers to
same money power as if put upon was declared July 19, 1870, and be the same as those of France? I do all they can to raise enough for

I If



I ..

I. .



!. their own use through this summer, Fort ]Meade.It is very dry here. Or- The Grape Growers' Association of

\ and then plant the most desirable fall far ange this trees have not made any growth so Orange county has twenty-six mem- Rich. Florida LandsI
crops according to locality.H. Green Cove Springs.-Inquiries as to bers, representing about 350 acres.

G. HASTINGS.; the condition of crops are almost invariably They expect to ship a carload a day

Interlachen. Fla.WEATHER. .->. responded to by the sentence "Eve in the season. This will be provided by

AND CROPS. thing burning up." the Southern Express Company, leav

Homeland.-Corn is not suffering from ing Orlando 'n the morning and run

drought where well cultivated.The New York in =a
ning through to forty-
For the Week Ending May 6th, tomato crop will be shortened by
I 1892. the dry weather. Orange trees are looking eight hours. The company will makea

well and are holding their fruit. reduction of ten cents per hundred i I 1 0 1

RAINFALL. II"poluxo.-The drought has ruined pounds on the net weight of the
The weather has continued unfa-
very the vegetable crop. Pineapples are suffering these in
grapes, provided are shipped
vorable for vegetation generally throughout from lack of rain, This. is the
the State during the week. The relief severest drought noted here during a uniform crates.-Reporter. Y

afforded some sections during the last residence of 20 years.
week in of short duration.
:> April was
weather continues. The
Jupiter. Dry
conditions and all nq a
\ Drought again prevail deficiency of rainfall for April
was -
i: several CROUPY SOUNDSAt
kinds of suffering
crops are greatly. inches, only .53 of an inch having ..
Light local showers occurred during the ... ...
fallen. This, with hot sun and dry -- -
past week in parts of the State, bejng night, from baby's crib, arc distracting -. .
winds, has proved disastrous to truck .. -
heaviest in the southern of East- loss for -
portion to parentsvlio arc at a
farmers. Rains now would be of little
ern Florida, in the counties bordering on a medicine equal to the emergency.Not : .
value to vegetable but would be
the coasts. The counties along the Gulf of incalculable benefit growers to fruit. Dry so with those who have Ayer'sCherry Stop and Think.

Coast appear to have been more favored weather and cloudless skies have matured Pectoral in tho.house. A dose
than those on the Atlantic. the of this medicine affords certain and] WHY Spend the best years of your
pineapples on Biscayne Bay a
The greatest amount of rainfall is reported month earlier than usual. speedy relief. To cure colds,coughs: soro life cultivating the soils of the frozen

by correspondents in Hillsborough throat, asthma, bronchitis, hoarseness, which
Kissimmee.-The rain on Tuesday North and West raising crops on
conditions havebeen
and Lee counties. The i
and the various disorders of the breathing -
particularly unfavorable in the brightened up vegetatiou somewhat, but the freight is often not realized,when you
apparatus, Ayer's Cherry Pectoralhas
northern of Eastern Florida and more is badly needed. Oranges are rich
part no equal. It soothes tho inflamed can buy land undersigned,
.> general! in Western Florida. The only dropping badly and trees are suffering lands and
tissue and fertile as ,
csration any
for rain all kinds of promo
favorabfe feature noted for the north- as are crops.
eastern portion was heavy dews, which Lloyds.-No rain has fallen in this vi- ; 'I For<< where you can raise a crop that the
and i I luces
occurred on several nights during the cinity during the week. All crops need I Cap.Oall U. rc- United States Government will pay a

week. On well-drained land the soil is it. However, corn and cotton arc doing pose. Carley, BOUNTY of 100 on each acre.

reported to be entirely without moisture fairly: well, and if rain comes at the usual Brooklyn, N. Y.'rite Pectoral in: "I have uso,1Ayer'J for HOLD On, this is>n't all. You can sell
to a depth of from one to two feet. In : time: in June we may.expect good crops. Cherry my family
some sections of the State seeds are said Oats sown in November are nearly ready thirty years and havo always found] it the said crop right there in your home

to have been in the ground six weeks or to harvest: and will give a fair yield. the best remedy for croup, to which market for $jr>0 per acre. You ask for
more without any signs of germination. Late oats have:: suffered greatly. complaint my children Averc subject. the How and the "Wherefore."

Reports show that of the grain crops Molt no.-Very little cloudy weather in "I use Ayer's Cherry Pectoral in my Quite right-facts and figures count best.
corn has suffered least and may, with past seven days. An occasional light practice, and pronounce it to be un-
favorable weather from now on, yet shower fell. We are needing rain. equaled as a remedy for colds and Plant the hand with Sugar Cane

make a very good crop. Oranges con- Myers.-All fruit trees are doing well. coughs.} "-J. G. Gordon, !1. D., Carroll
tinue to drop and in many places the Corn is doing nicely. Co., Virginia. TO OLD Farmers and careful perusers -

leaves on the trees have begun to curl. Orange City.-Drought conditions again of papers, the fact that there is now

Irrigation continues to be practiced in prevail. established near Kissimmee, Fla., the St.
I many sections and many orange groves Orlando.The light rains of a week Ayers CherryPecforalI'rt'ptroo
and truck gardens have in this way been since afforded only temporary relief to Cloud Sugar Refinery, is stale news. We

saved from serious injury.TEMPERATURE.. vegetation, and now the ill effects of the by Dr.J.C.Aver&Co.,Lowell,Ma.: .. are talking to all our friends. Sugar-cane
Bold all I'rice six bottles i.
by Druggists $1
; ; $
drought are wide-spread. The growthof can be raised as cheaply as corn, and

There was an excess of temperaturefor the fruit crop is not only seriously re- Uncle Sam will pay you a bounty of two
--- ------ -----
week the State. In tarded, but the trees are dropping a
throughout the manufacturedsugar.
The weather continues fine but per pound on
the northern and western portions itaveraged heavy percentage of their fruit. Unless ,
nearly two degrees a day above relief comes soon the situation will as- rather dry; yet with a lich flow of irri- The St. Cloud plantation in

the normal. Owing to lack of moisture sume a desperate aspect. gating water from our many artesian Osceola Co., Fla., averaged 4,500 poundsof

this condition was injurious. Oxford.-The constant winds and sun- wells neither groves, fields nOl:'vegetables sugar to the acre last year, and will go

SUNSHINE. shine have taken pretty nearly all the need suffer, especially so if the 5,000 pounds this year.
moisture out of the soil which is
There than the appa- be More : METHODS? This isn't the only big
was more average rently as dry as before the rains of last water judiciously applied. .
amount of sunshine for the season which week. Corn is beginning to wilt again. trees are being planted and better cultivation chance of your life, however. The cul-
intensified the otherwise unfavorable
Pensacola.-The drought continues, is being given to the orange tivation of rice lands about Kissimmeeis

conditions. only .08 of an inch of rain having fallen than heretofore, and the near future of to become an assured, profitable fact.
WIND. the week. humid
during Owing to
this will have of There is richer better truck and
place a showing no or
Fresh and brisk southeasterly winds southeast winds: the drought has been
prevailed and did much towards coun- less.damaging than might have been ex- which its people need not be ashamed. market garden lands in the world than

teracting the good effects resulting in >octed.Tampa.. -Georgiana Items in Florida Star. the land on the rich overflow, or bottomlands

some sections from local showers men- .-The light rains of thn past about Kissimmee. Write for con-
tioned in last week's bulletin. week have wonderfully revived all kindsof -- --
formation to A. K. McClure editor Philadelphia
@ eeG) oo -
vegetation in this section; and, the ** *r
REMARKS BY CORRESPONDENTS. drought being now broken, a fair crop VERTEGO Times, who has personal knowl-

Archer-Crops of every description are may be anticipated.E. Q edge. Then in lands for orange groves,
needing rain. Orange trees are looking II. DEMAIN, Director. PorsonsappsrrntlyincroodlicaHliare cultivated
already or bearing
well for such dry weather. often troubled with "swimming Jn or groves ,

Avon Park-The bright sunshine of the tho follow.head It;**nausea results and from,'omltingoften a deranged I can satisfy you that your best interest

past week and the exceedingly brisk P3 stato of tho digestive:: organs and con-Q lie in seeing uie before any one else.
winds have very much l lessened the ben- stlpatlon. This nnp'ensantaud oftendangerousaGlict.on BEAUTIFUL HOMES. The healthfulness -
will bo cured
from last week's rain. bY
efits resulting and beauty of Kissimmee have
Bristol-The past seven days have been : :
about the average for this season of the never been questioned. No diptheria,

year. Crops are all suffering from no consumption, no pneumonia-in fact,

drought except in this immediate neigh- i Lllv' P $a read our medical report. Beautiful cottages -
0 mlW
borhood. We had one-tenth of an inch L villas' or lots suitable for resi-
of rain on the 29th of April which livenedup which relieves the engorged: liver ami /
everything. This was only a local ,removes the cause through: the bow-' dences. Write for terms and particulars.
shower. els. 25c.: OCice.sa}' Mace, Y. COME SOUTH, And get untold

Brooksville' very light rain fell eCee e fia quantities of the grandest climate in the

Saturday and a good rain Sunday after-
world free with each of ground
noon, May 1st,which proved of immense Mr. George Cooper, of St. Petersburg pur- .
benefit to all kinds of crops, especially is witha chased. Come where you can till the
gardens and fruit. erecting a guava cannery soil twelve months in the year. At least
Centre Hill-The has capacity of 1,000 pounds per day.110NSUMPTIONe.
cabbage crop write to me for full particulars.
been cut off three-fourths by the

drought. The oat crop is a failure. In Say HiresDo 3nL7NT. CANNON= .

many places corn has been in the groundsix KISSIMMEE, FLA.
weeks and has I
not yet sprouted. Agent for the lands of the Disston Companies,
have been raising cabbage eight years I hare a positive remedy for the abaTe disease;by its
Root for the Associated Railways lands, and the
and this beats the record. Potatoes have you /g& use thousands of case cf the worst kbd and of Ion*. lands of Kissimmee Land Co.
not produced seed. standing: hare been cured. Indeed so strong Is my fait
Chfpley-Corn, melons and Drink Beer ? In its e.:c:1cy.: tilt I w Jl send raro; BOTOX3 gar,;aida Phosphate sugar-cane, rice, trucking,
vegetablesare VALUABLE TREATISE on this disease to any sat fruit grazing, timber, general farmingand
doing well. Late sown oats are suffering forer who will sent me their Express and P.O.address. home lands. Send for map bowing
greatly. Early oats are ripening. SOLD AND ENJOYED EVERYWHERE. T. A. Slocnin, 31. C.. 183 Pearl St., N. Y. lauds.





[Continued from page 373.] I eral! of the farmers are planting now. FREE FREE FREE !

abettors of the hirelings of the commission The Owl Cigar company has already PRINTING OFFICE

men. He regretted that the I planted one hundred acres out in to-

Fruit Exchange had been dragged into bacco ane ard yet pushing the business

the discussions of this non partisanand forward. "

scientific association but he could .
not sit still and listen to aspersionsupon IF TOUR JtACK ACUKS.
Or you nre all worn out, really: good fur nothing
it.Tests. it Is general debility. 'fry
... ..+. -- .... Jtttitirif's; inoff JtJTTEJts.

of the Butter Extractor.The It will cure you a,good cleanse appetite.your liver, and give GARDENING IN FLORIDA
Delaware agricultural experi- .

ment station has made some compara. Horsford's Acid PhosphateMakes

tive tests of the cream separator and Delicious Lemonade.A have had placed? in my hands
the butter The
extractor. extractor teaspoonful added to a glass of and offer for sale a

goes a step farther than the separatorand hot or cold water, and sweetened to

churns the cream separated by the taste, will be found refreshing and 1//
centrifugal force from fresh milk into invigorating.

butter. The results of the trials were ITDII1plete printing Office,

in favor of the cream separator and

the churn. They secured 93.34 dlORIDA! DISPATCH 'rCiROWtfl Until April 1st, 1892, I will mall to

pounds of butter out of every 100 UI ON EASY TERMS. all subscribers remitting $2.00 for

pounds of the milk, while the ex A RMER11 11 J. I. FARMERSAUIANC SmiI.tric.t..UtAj.M[

tractor obtained only 84 60 pounds, -- COWUDATU."uW.u.v.! renewal or new subscription,a copyof

and the quality of the sweet cream
CHAS. W. DaCOSTA, Publisher. CYLINDER PRESS, TWO Jon PRESSES "Whitner's Gardening: In Flor-
butter was not equal to that from
-- --- ida.
ripened cream. As a skimmer, the
extractor was a success. To all'who remit $5.00 I will send
In regard to the merits of the ma For One Year ...............................$l.OO

chine the chemist of the station says: For Six Months..... .... .............. ..... 100'' this paper and the "World's Colum-

the extractor Subscriptions in all cases cash in advance. Illustrated "
"Although appears bian Exposition for
unfavorably in comparison with a Rates of Advertising on Application. Further information on application to

much older method, it cannot but be REMITTANCE should be made by Check, one year, the subscription price of

regarded as a marvel of inventive and Postal Note, Money Order, cr Registered Letter, which Is $4.00 per annum.C. .

is in to order ofFLORIDA Chas. W. DaCosta
mechanical skill. The surprise W. DACOSTA,
the first instance that it should do its DISPATCH* FARMER AND ,
Fit VIT GIt O Wlllt,
work at all, and then, even though it
Jacksonville. Fla."CENTAWORD" .
be found wanting, that it should do its JACKSONVILLE FLA.

work so well. It is brought at the The World's Fair.
4& x
start into competition with a highly COLUMN. F:' 0z We have received the last issue of
machine and method thor --- z c
perfected a To insure insertion in this column advertisements c y 0
oughly understood for many years of must be accompanied by the money. o 7: .rn a the "World's Columbian Exposition
Advertisements must not exceed fifty words. .t1)a,
experience. Its shortcoming under Postage Stamps received in payment. ;, o = ., Illustrated" the only authentic organof
Count word including name and address k ob
the which it is every
test to obliged
severe -.-.-----_________"____"- __ _' __ ," _n_" -- the Great Fair. The object'of this
to submit ought not to be cause of AT A BARGAIN-6.000 first-clays! two-year-old N 9i
disappointment; there is room ratherfor orange and lemon buds. Also some very des != publication is to give a complete au-
arable real estate. J. L. DEKIUUX, Lakeland,
( enconragement, because it has done Fla. 5-12-4t ;i D thentic historical record of the Colum-

so much. Its future development is j rty
of the relative WANTKD-Position as superintendent of a t'Oy34 bian Exposition. It contains 32 pagesof
probably a question by a thoroughly reliable and experienced 0 6a
butter' and man. F. T. LOCKYER. bt. 1'eten-burg, ? .
merits of 'sweet cream Fla. 5-5-21 a official proceedings, and will give
'sour cream butter.' "-Farm and 3
TILL June isth I shall offer at 25 per cent dis o w '-C photographic illustrations printed on Enameled -
Fireside. 0VI
off of previous prices.as nicely budded
i trees (:wcet stock) as ever grew in Florida. tl. _;r'0 paper, of all the Exhibits, Build-
There is more Catarrh in this section WALKER, Manager Lake Region Nursery Co., o rrc I +
Auburndale, Polls Co.: Ma. 5-5-Jt
and attractions of the Great Fair.
of the country than all other dis ---- o ,

eases put together, and until the last )00 ACRES TRUCKING OF CHEAPLY LAND without IRRIGATED expensive! -- --- As a work of Art, containing the most

few years was supposed to be incur machinery. or even artesian wells. A black soil,
several feet in depth level as a floor free from interesting information, it is invaluableto
able. For a great many years doc- timber, which can be flooded by the closing of agate Did yon ever receive a letter Yon can
tors pronounced it a local disease and at 'the mouth of the ditch draining theglade.For receive postpaid.our The Roses Californian the same or way the-l'by nD8yl-mall, all w ho wish to keep up with the
address GEO. W. HASTINGS
prescribed local remedies, and by con- terlachenl'1a. vanlan can alike enjoy tbe advantage of I
and learn of the
dealing direct at the Hose headquarters of times great International -
stantly failing to cure with local treatment WELL MACHINERY-For sole, or the world. Success Is universal with oar

,pionou cediincurable.. Sciencehas ARTESIAN for cows, or orange and lemon ON THEIR Enterprise.It .
trees. A. A. BALDWIN, Georgiaua, Fla. >
proven catarrh to be a constitutional ROSES will be published semi monthly])

disease, and therefore requires FOR SALE-First-cl -ss,complete 2-horse power, 'OWN ROOTS!
3 and 4-inch artesian wed rig. Has bond early in the fall, making eighteen
constitutional treatment. Hall's Ca 500 feet with ease. Cost$400, will sell for f zoo.4.253t We desire the acquaintance of every
PAGET HALL, Georgiaua, Fla. flower lover In Americaand offer oar Hose
tarrh Cure manufactured F. for Price
by J. Guide and Catalogue, free by way of In copies present year. $4,
Cheney & Co., Toledo, Ohio, is the Tilghman's Condition Powdersare troduction. It mirrors our Immense stock,
and of a special postpaid cents a Subscriptions -
gives a quarter century's ; 25 copy.
Salt sick cattle, and
only constitutional cure on the market.It guaranteed to cure prevent flower experience for the asking only.
medicine for all
in chickens. Best
is taken internally in doses from ten stock.cholera For hale all over Florida Sample pack- iTheGufefe Other flowers without price nl o.. Fendyournddress/No fancy prices. taken at this office, where the

drops to a teaspoonful. It acts directly age. r/a.by mail for 35 cts. W. G. TILGHMAV 4t4totWALL Halatka. THE DINGEE &, CONARD CO.< paper can be seen, or send 25 cents
ROil Crow.rsb"Sudsm"WEST GROVEPA.
the blood and mucous surfacesof
upon in
than house
PAPER-Cheaper any
the system. They offer one hun- state. Samples, prices and instructionsfree for sample copy to
,by mail. F. ROBINSON, 15 W. hay street, ,
dred dollars for any case it fails to Jacksonville. FJ.. 3-24-6m !: J. B. CAMPBELL,
1A nAN 1'ianoifota 450 .
cure. Send for circulars and testi- advantages for small investments, a
monials. Address, FLORIDA'S ,Estate Journal," Arcadia, Fla. HIS NEIGHBOR Editor and Publisher,

F. J. CHENEY & CO Toledo, O. $1.00 per year: sample, with state map.3-2t-12m 10 cents.FOR paid onlySS75. 218 La Salle Street, Chicago, Ills.

. JB@ Sold by Druggists, 750. SALE-Whipponvil1 pees, per bushel, f.o. R iij '
+. .. ., $2.00; Conch peas((limited quantity), per .. I
pound, post paid, soc; Chufa seed, per pound ''=ra 4 bums... p' For tberery 1'iano.same "The Worlds Columbian Exposition
If feel weak post paid, 35c; per peck, f. o. b., $I.5o; pearl Neither one was worth
you millet, per pound post paid, 35C; four pounds, : a nickel over$200. Illustrated" and the FLORIDA DISPATCH .
and all worn out take 11.25; ten pounds, f. o. b., $l.oo. Send cash with W l' I Insure Yourselfagainst ,
uka Fla.
2-4-tf paying e7 ors one
bttant rH"! *by baying
roRLECONTE,1.2. 3 and 4-YEAR-OLD,KEIP- direct: from year, mailed to any address, for $5.
'Ve have been informed by the TREES WRITE TO B. W. PARTRIDGE, MON- LUDDEN ), C. W. DACOSTA
TICELLO. FLA. n-26-tf Who haTe bat(he.Tariff and that the,_** Jn fnrit.YOQ ,
farmers of this vicinity that there c"f1".t piy them mora than Instruments
aro actuary worth. They! are not built that ray Publisher FLORIDA DISPATCH FARMER -
would be an immense quantity of to- SALE-One second hand Washington ,
FOR Writo for Latest S ECIALOFFEnS.
Press for sale cheap at this office. AND FR.UITGROWXPy
bacco planted here this year, and sev- Write for particular

1 1i i








Southeast South and Southwest
Extending -
from Jacksonville, cover over one ,

thousand miles of tropical country, awl! SAw.: JILL: SUPPLIES.

reach all prominent winter and summei We are State We Have
Agents for the
pleasure resorts of Florida: One and Two t HORSE IIAY RAKES

The East Coast, i k;; 1 In stock..

The Great Lake Region ? $ L S and G feet tread. rr4E-

r MOWERS '- r The 6 foot Is suit- CIorida
The Fields '
Phosphate = 1 ""- able for use in (Central & ,peninsular

The Pineapple Fields, A complete JIoirerM Mtoch and of ORANGE GROVES. RAILROAD CO.

The Orange GrovesAND Kfjtalrn 1'actory on 1'rlces.hand at Write for Prices. The Florida I Trunk Lins


The Fruit and Vegetable RANGE PL-O VS," LINE TAPA
A full Line of Repair for Same.

Sections. Acme Orange Grove and Two-Horse Pulverizing Harrows, the Boy In addition to Its long-established- connee-

Dixie Cast Plows, and a full line of Farm and Agricultural Implementsof tions with the North by

THREE THROUGH TRAINS all descriptions. Agents for the Planet Jr. Horse and Hand Tools, sold River Juitctiou/LIte and Oak I'ernandJnu, Callahan,Jacksonville -

I, at factory prices. Send for catalogues. Has this season re-opened

VIA pe Pomasville and fflonticElIo Jonte.

Tn connection with the S., F. & W. R. It.:the
The Tropical Trunk Lioe Alabama Midland and the I..& N.and the lines
ieading from Chicago St. Louis Kansas City
and the North and \\cst.

These lines are equipped with the latest Through Cars from Cincinnati to
Jacksonville and .
: improved modern appliances for the
Schedule, 1'nllman Sl"1, ra. all Modern -
t safety and comfort of passengers. llalltcay Improvement

i Our patrons call them the The Florida genlral Penin8dlarRRR.Is .

t FINEST IN FLORIDA. the greatest! artery of travel through tho
finest parts 0! Florida tra\"crsinJt'twolJty-fuur
J counties-Oadsden..Jetlerson, Dual,Atuchuo,
Lake, Leon, Suwannee, Nassau Le.y.OrunJCc.
I Trains Leave Jacksonville via J., Hilbbonm, Wakulla Columbia. Clay
.-.,-=.7,"... ::Ji'i;..._ (Marion I'olk. :Manatee )Iadi on. (taker, linid-
T. & K. W.
: --- 0.' ford Sumter. tlcl"Iuulu an.1 i UJOolo-1Il: their
I .. ...: ::=- '" .';;:"-
, richest ;*>rtion. It runs through the Middle -
8:30: a.m. daily, except Sunday; 1230: p.m. Florid: Ke iou of Hill Country where are
daily; 4:20: p.m. daily, except Sunday; the tine oldFarruinp
8:00: p.m. dally, except Sunday. -' .:' : ij; Lands and the Xete Tobacco
: Farm
_....--.-....._ ;":". __ ___.... .. :--
Arrive 8:00 12:55 .. .
7:30 : a.m. .. .
j : a.m.f p.m., --=->- 0'0. ___ -i- .:=- "-- 0 ::' -=-__...:!':,-._ _' "- -' (reached by no other line), some of them con-
7:40 p.m.Trains ducted on a large 8 nle. Here are Oiiincy
PLANET JR. nORSE HOE WITH LEVER AND LEVER WIiEEL.I Tallahassee (the caprtatrMontkeilo. Madison
-- -- ---- ---- -- and other towns trom whose
) Leave Jacksonville via East comfortable
ample dwellings, reposing In a fertile country -
;.. Coast Lines : I IRRIGA \ &; MACHINERY I the,resources is coming lavished u renewed about energy them.to Stretch-employ

,: 8:25 a.m. daily 1:00 p.m.? daily, except ing down through
Sunday; 4:05: p.m. ru ly. BOTH STEAM, HORSE AND HAND POWER. TIe :reach Country
of Baker Bradford Alachua and Levy counties -
Arrive 9:30: a.m.,12:25 p.m., 5:40: p.m. Carry a stock of Steam Pumps, Boilers, through the prosperous
Strawberry Farmsof
t Wrought Pipe, Lawtey Starke and Waldo perhaps superior -
, TITUSVILLE in nroflt to the grove-it
Hose Etc. Estimates furnishedfor orange goes
Fittings, through the heart of tho State penetratingsome
For :Melbourne\ daily, except Sunday, Plants put in complete and guar- of tho finest groves, one having.
.' 5:00) a.m., 3:4): ) p.m.; lockledge, 9:00: a.m., 7OtOOO Fiill-bearlnff,."", Trees
t -7:00 p.m. Am"c Melbourne\ 1:00 p.m., anteed satisfactory. Hand Spraying passing for nearly a mile between tbem-
making its way (southward to the Gulf and to
i 12 midnight. Returning,leave Melbourne j
Pumps of every description. Send for the more tropical portions of the State. In
t 1:20: p.m., 12:30: run.; llockledge 4:50: p.m., all portions of the State It reaches points of
, 8:00: a.m. Arrive Titusville 8:00: p.m., Catalogue of How and When to Spray. Scenic Interest.

j 12 noon. Nozzles, Pipe, etc., made to order in our Wakulla Springs In the West the Suwannee -
River as beautiful and romantic as it is
;.i Leave Rockledge for Jupiter daily, except o machine shop. famous, Silver Springs In the lake region
\" Sunday, 8:30 a.m., arrive Jupiter following and the lakes themselves with their surroundings -
I : of rolling land Interspersed with
f day, 3:30: a.m. Returning, leave
pleasant homes in green groves,sloping downto
Jupiter daily, except Sunday, {):30; a.m. the clear lake fronts. liy means of this
Arrive Rockledge following day,3:30: a.m. "f1In road you can most readily reach the
l JFiintlnand Fishing ( ronnd*.
, Steamer ST. AUGUSTINE" Leaves The settler will find on the line of this( road
( ORMOND greater opportunity for \arird selection
F or land than on any other road in thu State
ru from lightest foils to those underlaid with
, 8:00: a.m. Tuesdays, Thursdays and Satur- clay and marl and of richest hammock-
days for Rockledge, and way landings. whether for regular mixed farming stock or
I Returning, leaves Rockledge 8:00: a.m. dairy farming peach or strawberry' culture
vegetable gardens.
' :Mondays, Wednesdays and :1ridays.I orange The tourist groves will gratllled with its scenery.
The heaIth- ecKeron its ample route can find
Connections are made at Jupiter with some spot adapted to his wants. On the hard
trains of J. & L.W. Railway for all pointson clay roads of Middle( Florida tho horseman
will ride with speed and satisfaction and the
Lake Worth. Florida Central and Peninsular in the _
jwrttnan' I:,.",,.. i'
For schedules, maps, etc., call on local wr--Passengers from Northern connections -
agents, or address the General Passenger having tickets over the Florida Central
and Peninsular! to points in South: Florida
. Agent.R. nave the privilege of being taken into Jack-
AGENTS FOR sonville over the Company s line and alloweda
B. CABLE, W. L. CRAWFORD. stop-o\er within the going limits ol the
General Manager, Supt.East Coast Lines, O"\.VL-ES9: STEAM-I PUlVlPS.AU ticket with return to their route for destination -

Jn T.&K. W.System. St.Augustine, F la. Letters Answered the Day they are Received. Florida free mailed of extra free.charge. Send for map of

General Passenger A pent, THE S. B. HUBBARD COMPANY Jaeksnrn He I Fps
Jacksonville, Fl*. N.S.PENNINOTON", Traffic Manager.D .
K.MAXWELL, General ManA* r


.... -


Th e v Minim Compwny's Greetin.g:.

To the Orange Growers and Market Gardeners of Florida:

We produce the Leading Phosphate of the world. It.is the cheapest. It is the best. It is a quick, vigorous fertilizer. It increases the crops.


Analysis by eminent chemists show that it contains over 50 per cent of bone phosphate of lime that is available at once in soil; water, the balance 20 to 30 pe-

cent, l>ecomes gradually available.) Experts certify to its having a value as plant food green as it comes from the mine of over $2o per ton as compared with com

mercial acidulated fertilizers,.and no danger in its use. The analysis:; of our Soft Phosphate, as given by Serge Maly van, of Ocala, is as follows:

Insoluble Silicate and .18.76 1 Phosphoric Acid 1770 I Oxide of Iron I Magnesia and Soda 6.39
Carbonate 4.56| Equh-ateultoBouePho'iphateI.ime..3.oo!' > Aluminum 2.07 I I \ .:. 6.55

lie says your Soft Phosphate, referring to the Belleview Soft Phosphate, will be soluble, by gradual steep, under influence of rain water, provided it is perfectly '
burnt and pulverized in line powder.

Serge Malyvan says that after analyzing samples of Soft Phosphate from different mines throughout the State, that the only soluble Soft Phosphate is contained

in an area of about six miles at and around Belleview.The .

Belleview) Soft Phosphate is especially good for peach, pear and orange trees, grape vines and strawberries. and for cotton and corn it has no equal. _

The analysis:: of our Soft Phosphate shows that every element it contains i is absolutely essential as:: plant food, and every intelligent man will see the importanceof

buying plant food at so little cost per ton. .

More About Soft Phosphate. rowed this in. I did not measure the yield only gives them their dark green color? Certainly cation have just commence! to start up. Mr. Me
The follow.ng in regard to soft phosphate il in my..cart.as I gathered: it. I got as much corn j i notHing! the soil,as it is poor pine? land. Neither Master of the firm of l\lc1Ia"ter& Miller! of San
taken from the Gainesville Sun: from the sixteen row that hid soft phosphate on .. is it good cultivation. Chemistry teaches that Mateo. visited my grove a few days since and expressed -
That soft phosphate is rapidly gaining favor it as I did from the next thirty rows. '. he corn I orange tree requ re potash phosphoric acid and himself as being vt ry much astonished
with the fruit and vegetable growers there is no did not dry: up any for want of rain, as the rest f lime ad the pinelan.lsof Florida retluire humus. at the growth of the trees where the soft pho.
ort of d>ubt. Those who have given it a test unhesitatingly the crop did. I am well pleased and will use it In muck and phosphate we have all but the phate had ,been applied. If you will remembet
speak of it in the most complimentary this year on all my crops. potash.' This added gives us a perfect fertilizer, the first shipment of Phosphate was made less
terms. Mr. George Saxon, writing from and yet there are men who tell u> that it will not than sixty days since and until the: last few days
'"''jilahassee, says: do. that the raw materials must he manipulated we have had very little rain. ,
The t o t phphate: referred to in the granulated Soft hosphate. I by the chemist, and refined product fed to our .I am fully convinced that one ton of the Belle-
article containing the dements of gruuud bone Mr Sutton, one of our Alliance! ex-editors, trees. What nonsense! I don't believe<< any such view Soft Phosphate has a greater value as! a plant
and 50 per cent phosphate of lime (bone phosphate writes as follows to the Florida Agriculturist on a laws en'ered.lllto the Divine plan of Nature."- food than a ton of any Fertilizer that has ever
) crude as it comes from the mine. This matter of much interest to our farmers: Phosphate Field. been brought into the State,and I would warmly:
bit phosphate was put uplt: cotton last year "Now 1\Ir.liditor I am the same crank still, Mr. Button has since:ordered thirty-five tons to recommend its use to the<<; orange growers in the
alongside of cotton seed as fertilizers, and the re- only more HO, on the subject of muck, soft phosphate put on his groves: adjoining Welshtou. Mate. Yours: truly,
Butt wa fully, or more than double\in yield of and home-made fertilizers!' and, like the D. GREEXLKAF.JACKSONVILLE. .
cotton over the cotton seed, while it gave four fellow who killed the rattle snake I have the -
times the yield over the same land without any rattles show. My trees are loo ing better according FLA., June 12, 189!. ,
fertilizer.! Rev, T. W Moore, of Leesburg !looked to age than adjacent groves upon which C. B. 5 IITII. President Belleview l Phosphate, CEDAR KEYS FLA., Dec. z1. lEgt.
at this crop while in full fruitage and he said that commerrial fertilizers have been nstd. Muck Jacksonville, Florida: BSmith, President Belleview Mining Comet -
that time that the cotton fertilized by this soft lime, soft phosphate, stable manure and potash DEAR SIR-Enclosed please find my order for I pant:
phosphate! had three time* more fruit on it than will do me to ma e a grove with and I don't two more cars of Soft Phosphate. I have used I. DEAR SIR-Yours of 17th received. It gives
that fertilized with c>fou seed. Thinking this thinK I will come in behind in the race with the seventy-five tons of this Phosphate, and have me pleasure to state that I have used nothing but
estimate may have been a little high I put it as chemical fertilizer men either. noticed with much inter'st its effect on my orantte the Belleview Soft Phosphate! on my grove the
!above but I am free to admit that he i i"*, a better "Any one having any doubts! as to the solubility trees. The first car: toad I applied to something ; past year p,ul 1 I have been more than satisfied
judge of such matters than 1 am." of soft phosphate would have these doubts removed over five hundred trees and the results have been with the results. The trees are looking as! well
J. T. smith, writing from Levy county,says: "I by visiting a small grove in Welshton imply mar\clous. The adjoining five hundred as they have ever looked even when I used expensive
put soft phosphate on sixteen row of com last which has had no other fertilizer in the past two trees received no fertilizing, and the difference fertilizers. Many persons have heard ofapringiuaboutafouracrcfieldofeorn.ouaboutau
years than phosphate. It had not had: any cultibetween the two fields is something wonderful. my experiment, and you phosphate has advanced
*' of the land. I broadcasted the vation this se* son.and yet it is holding its own On one side every tree has started with vigorous in their estimation.Very .
S'ft phosphate o\"erthe land after breaking it up. with well-worked and fertilized grove! If nut growth. The finest foliage that I have ever seen truly yours.
well, at about two tons per acre. Then: I bar- soluble, what makes these trees grow; what >| in a groThe trees which received no appli- REV. F. R. HOLM A jr.

We offer this Phosphate at prices so low that it is in reach of every orange grower and gardener. Prices F. O. B. cars at Belleview, Florida :

Per tonne: Ur1drled, ir1 Bt.1J., >c3G.00
Per toms: DrIed, irx :I5txllc *?*O.OO
Pc-sr ton: livtr'ATLt. : :, Ground rand: Scxolcod, *.OO

Put up in 200-pound sacks. Orders for less than one ton, 50 cents per ton extra.. Terms, cash with order. Send orders, and apply for further particular,

testimonials, freights, etc., to

C. B. SMITH, President and General Manager, Jacksonville, Fla.


'r. In compounding a solution a part was accMently spilled, on the hand
fi" and on washing afterward' It was discovered that tbe Lair was com.pletely .
f$3t' removed We at once put this wonderful preparation on tbe
i:: market and so great has been the demand that we are now Introducing
(iJie lNGINNftTland fHJ: it throughout the world undertbe name of Queen's Anti-llalrlne.
c - FLORID/r @rf/@ ) ,,,,.::: gE.La'- "the hair over and apply' the mixture for a few minutes and tbe
._ :t" -" ;;= -#.f-1]' hair :i: fo. = $:.. applied or ever afterward. It is unlike any otber preparation e\er DIM"i8J
.::- =-;::;;;-::; #:: fora like purpose.! Thousands of LA1)1 PS who have been annoyed
@rfLIMITED. :. ,...:/JfS-=[ with hair on tbelr FA C};. :NECK and AIJMS attest Its merits.
._.= U :NTI.": lJSNnhodonot.ppreclateabeard: or hair on their nee It,
::!.;<:i-----: :=-:. I find a priceless boon In Queen' Anti-lfalrinewblch does away
Vestibuled from end to end. Solid train carrying Pullman's Finest Buffet Drawing w ith! Shaving, by rendering Its future growth an utter Impossibility
e Room Sleeping Cars from ST. 'A UG USTINE to CINCINNATI without change. Lighted with gas. sealed Price of from Queen's Antl-IIalrtne. $1. per bottle, sent In safety mailing boxes postage paid by us (securely
observation) Send money or stamps by letter with full *rtdre\s written plainly. Cones
Day Coaches have conveniences of toilet,smoking apartment, etc., and are attended by an expenenced ponden"e strictly confidential. This advertisement! Is honest'! and straight forward In. every word It
porter. No extra charge. Leaves St. Augustine Daily, 11:05 A. M.; Jacksonville, 1:15 P. M.; Calla- contains. We Invite von to deal with n. and yon will find everything as CINCINNATI' this out and
I'nd to-day. Address QUEEN CHEMICAL CO., 174 Race Street, O. You can
han,2:33 P. M.; Way'cross, 4r33:; P. M.; Jesup 6:10 P. M. Arrives Macon.11:32 P. M.;Atlanta 2:40 A.M.; register your letter at any Post Office to Insure its safe delivrry.V'f' will pay.?O() for any*as.
Chattanooga, 8:00 A. M.;Cincinnati,7:20 P. M., and Chicago, 7.-00 A. M.SPE6ftL""SaUD. of failure or slightest Injury any pnrchaner. Every bottle euarunteed.I .
ECI I I-To ladies who ntroduee and sell among their friend.20 Bottle* of Queen's Afltunalrlfl
a i. we will present with a SILK DRESS. 15 yard best silk. Extra Large Bottle and!aamplM
J JTHE OHIO ( TRAIN. of silk to select from sent with order. Good Salary or Commission to Agent
4- __ _
-- - -- -- --

Pullman and Mann Buffet Sleeping Cars from JACKSONVILLE to CINCINNATI without chance. DEAFNESS STATE BANK OF FLORIDA

Leaves Jacksonville Daily, 7:33: M.Callahan, 8:10 P.M.; Waycross, 10:30 P. M.; Jesup, 11:55 P. M.. ,

Arrives at Macon, 5:12 A. M.; Atlanta, S:3 A. :M.; Chattanooga, 2:00 P. M. Leave Chattanooga, 7:00 ITS CAUSES AND CURE, "YOT I\CORI'OIMTED.
P. M., arrives in Cincinnati, 7:20 A. M., and Chicago 6:30:: P.M.
9 Scientifically treated by an aurKt of world-wide JACKSONVILLE FLORIDA.
Through Sleeping Cars leave Chattanooga for Washington, Philadelphia and New York at 8:35 A. M.; reputation. Deafness eradicated and entirely ,

9:55 P' M' cured, of from 20 to 30 )'ears' standing, after all $30.000.00U
Scenic Route.Rates Capital
Shenandoah -
via the Valley other treatments have failed. How the difficulty ,
is reached and the caue removed, fully explained U your old family Bibles: make them a*
to all Eastern Points are M low bv these lines as by any all rail routes. For berth reserve in circulars, with affidavits and testis 1good as new. DaCota Printing sal Publishing
lion, folders and all information, apply to any Ticket Agent in Florida,or to monials of cures from prominent people, mailed !louse! Jacksonville FU._
F. M. JOLLY, Dist. Pass. Agt., 82 W. Bay St., Astor Block, JACKSONVILLE, FLA. I>r. A. FONTAINE: 19 East 14th St., N. Y.,
-- --
B. W. WRENN, C. N. KlGHT, I. $5; to $15LIGHTNI per home.day Millar ai
Gen'l Pass. &Ticket Agt: Asst Gen'l Pass. Aet: PLATER
KNOXVILLE, TENN. ATLANTA, GA. &D.III&tlac jeweln..aiehe
>lcwkT "'". Plain It*
;: '" of Jew try goat as I tt
fflr e l ._1t&1" ..., on all kluJj of meal I '-
h rnld.*Hver or Die-: I. -4.
:-. Ii'',:' o jterieoee.. No capl.al.TT .
";"," E T hnnw hu mod n r J.
"'' .
--- .w'; hur..lllc.rbolcsalo to
T a"I'UI!'$i.Writ for drew

I --_ J eo.lan.U.F.DEI.OdaI,Culaabu,U. i I I

Notice to Shippers and Others Interested.On Clark' Cutaway..

March the sat ult I disposed of my interestIn
MADE BY Fitting; young men for the active duties cf life. theCitiCAGo SOUTHERN FRUIT & VEGETABLE HARROWS ANI CULTIVATORS.

THE DEWING CO, SALEM 0. Chartered by the Legislature of Virginia, and DESPATCH LINE, and am no longer connect*d I keep in stock seven style, cutting In width
endorsed by the Chamber of Commerce. Council, from two ((2)) to six ((6)) f feet, at prices from $10.00
HENION & HUBBELL and prominent citizens city where located. w.th that corporation as an official or stock holder. to Jjt.oo. Send for cata ogiie.
Western Agent., ':HICLGO. ILL. For catalogue circulars and testimonials,address EDWARD S. LEVY 12. UUUBARD, Gen. State Agent.
Write for Catalogue and TIUJLTISJE: ox SFIU.TIKO. J. G. DUNSMOKE. President 5taUD.ton. Va. Chicago, 111. 4.14.3t Federal Point, Flo,








The magnificent Steamships of this Line are ap-

pointed to sail as follows, calling at Charleston, S. C.,,

( both ways :
From New York. From Jacksonville,,
(Pier 29 E. R.) STEAMER Florida.

Wednesday, Apr. 27th, at 3 p. M...... "ALGONQUINTuesday, May 3d, at 10:30: A. M
Ie t Friday Apr. 29th. at 3 P. M "CHEROKEE," .....Thursday May 5th, at 12:00: N'N
Monday, MayFridas 2d, at 3 1". M..... "SEMINOLE, .......Sunday, May 8th, at 2:30 p. M
May 6th, at 3 P. M....... "IROQUOIS.". .....Wednesday,May nth at 4:00A.M ..
i Monday, May 9th. at 3 P. M... .. "ALGONQUIN," .....Sunday, May isth at 6:30 A. M
Wednesday May nth at 3 P. M...... "CHEROKEE" ...Tuesday.. May 17th. at 8:00 A. M
Friday May i3th. at 3 P. M....... SEMINOLE," ......Thursday, May i9th, at 10:30 A. M
Monday, May 16th. at 3 P. 101........ "IROQUOIS,". .....Sunday May 22d. at loo P. M
= Friday May 2oth. at 3 P. M...... "ALGONQUIN," .....Thursday, May 26th, at 5:30 A. M
Monday, May 23d at 3 P. M...... .CHEROKEE," ......Sunday, May zgth at 7:00 A. >i 1
Wednesday, May asth, at 3 P. if........"SE1t1NOLE.Tuesday, May 31*t, at 9:00 A. M
f Friday May 27th at 3 P. :)r. .... "IROQUOIS." Thursday, June 2d, at 10:30 A. M

For Sanford, Enterprise and intermediate points on St. Johns River. The Elegant Iron Side-
: Wheel Steamers "CITY OF JACKSONVILLE," Capt. W. A. Shaw ; FRED'K DEBARY" Capt.
T. W. Lund Jr., are appointed to sail from Jacksonville daily, except Saturday at 3:30: p. in and G. Cbi'istopiierIS
.I from Sanford daily except Sunday, at 9 a. m. : .
I i Leave 3:30: p. M...,.... ...Jacksonville! .............................Arrive 11:45 P. M FROM NEW YOKK. FROM JACKSONVILLE.
.. 8xo .Leave. 7:00 p. M
, : p. M
, i.30 A. M..."Astor............... .. 2:00: p. M 1 Fridays April 20, May 13, 27 and June 10 and 24. Thursdays, May 5, 19 and June 2,16 and 30.
243 A.M. Francis............................... 12-45 P.1\1 Tlii*xte 5x0: A. M.Beresfordn <<; .......... 11145 A M lwrft't'tly'utllntI. Time brticrrn Jncknonriltr and New York i 2 hours.
6xo: A. )1.......... ........... .....Blue SpringsArrive .......................... .... 11:00 A. M
8xo: A. M...... .... .............. .....Sanford.... ............ ........ ...... 9:00 A. M W. H. CHRISTOPHER, W. A. SOMERVILLE, JNO. G. CHRISTOPHER .
J 9:15: A. M.... ................ .. .....Enterprise...... ..... ........ .......... 9:30 A. M Agent Jacksonville. Agent New York. Gen'l Mau'r Jacksonville.. .
; General Passenger and Ticket Office, 88 West Bay St., Jacksonville. Pier 49, East River.

t JOHN L. IIOWAIU>, Florida Freight Agent foot Laura Street Jacksonville, Fla.
F. M. IRONMONGER Jr., Florida Passenger Agent, 88 West Bay St., Jacksonville! Fla.
MARSHAL II. CLY IE, Assistant Traffic Manager, S Bowling Green. New York. SAVANNAH LINE.Time .
l 'v. F. OLDEN FAY, Traveling Passenger Agent 88 West Bay Street.
TIITCO. (I.. KOKlt. Traffic Manager 5 Howling Green. New York.
I J. A. LESLIE, Superintendent, foot Laura-Street Jacksonville Fla. 53 to 55 hours between Savannah, New York and Philadelphia, and

WM. P. CLYDE & CO., Gen'l Agents, between Boston and Savannah, 65 to 70 hours.

. 18 South Delaware Avenue, Philadelphia. 5 Howling: Green. New York.



JACKSO: VILLLrs F' O1 ILA. po.sso.. e Ro.tesl

Office 50 West Bay Street, Warehouses and Wharves at the terminus of the F. C. & P. R. R., St Between Jacksonville and New York: First-class 525.60 ; Intermediate, $19.00; Excursion $43.50 .
Johns River, East Jacksonville. Steerage, $12.50.

Manufacturers of Commercial Fertilizers. Jacksonville and Boston : Cabin $27.00; Intermediate $JI.oo;; Excursion $47.30; Steerage, $14.25
The magnificent Steamships of this Company are appointed to sail as follows:

Wholesale dealers in and importers of all kinds of Agricultural Chemicals. FROM SAVANNAH TO NEW YORK.

Send us your name and we will mail you from time to time much general information regarding. [Central or 900 Meridian Time.]

successful orange and vegetable culture in Florida.WILLIAM City of Augusta... Monday, May 2d, lo.ooa.m

ESTABLISHED 18G. Tallahassee.................................................to........Tuesday. May 3d to.oop.m
Kansas ....... ........... Friday, May 6th, 2.00 p.m
Chattahoochee ........................ .............................Saturday, May 7th 3.00 p.m
Nacoochee...................... .....................................Monday, May 9th 2.00 p.m
A. SOURS & CO., City of Birmingham ... sday,1\ayloth. 4.30p.m
City of Augusta..... .... May 13th, 6.00 a.m
Tallahassee .... .....&turday.1\fay 14th 7.oop.m
WHOLESALE Kansas ..... ........ \ May i6th, S.oop.m
Chattahoochee ................................................... Tuesday, May 17th, 9.00 p.m
and Fertilizers Nacoochee..... .........................................Fri.Jay.lay 2oth, 12.00 m
Grain Garden Seeds City of Birmingham.. Saturday May 21St, 1.30 p.m
City of Augusta .............................. .... .......... .......Monday, May 23d, 3.00 p.m
Tallahassee...................................................... .Wednesday, May 25th, 3.00a.m
20 WEST BAY STREET JACKSONVILLE, FLA. Kansas .. ........ Friday, May 27th 6.008.m
Chattahoochee......................................................Saturday.. May 27th, 7.00 p.m
I HANDLE ONLY THE BEST AND MOST RELIABLE SEEDS. A COMPLETE STOCK. Nacoochee......................... ............................. .....Monday, May3oth. S.oop.m


Corn Oats Flour Bran Wheat Grits Meal or Macon ........................ ..........................Thursday, May 5th, i.oop.m
Hay, Gate City.......................... .................................Thursday,May nth, 5.30 p.m
of \[ ..... Thursday, May 19th J.J08.m:
; COTTON SEED MEAL, Both Bright and Dark. City Gate City....... .. ............ May 26th S.oop.m


STATE AGENT FOR PURE GROUND BONE, ( Ship does NOT Carry Passengers)

J. E. Tygert&Co.'sStar Dessoug............ ........ \[ May ad, xo.ooa.m
NITRATE SODA ............. 12th
DesHoug........... Thursday, May S.JOp.m
Brand Fertilizers, Dessoug.......... .... ..... ...... May 2d, i.oop.m
.. ,
Comprising OAK lu c SULPHATE POTASH, : ,

Orange Tree and Vegetable Connecting with the Savannah, Florida and Western Railway (Waycross Short Line), offer to the
I p KAINIT, Etc Traveling Public and Shippers advantages equalled by no other line. .
I FERTILIZER. Through Ticket and Bills of Lading issued to principal points North East and Northwest via
in the market and trial will convince.UPRIGHT Savannah. For information and rooms apply to
These Fertilizers have no superior a
II. Fla. Pass. Afcent.
B. R. PRICE. Soliciting Agent, W. LUCAS.
from Ds 77 West Bay Street, Jacksonville. 77 West Bay Street,Jacksonville.
PIanos I New Pier No.35. North River New York. City Exchange Building Savannah Gy
I and FINEST FACTORYOrgans RICHARDSON & BARNARD. Agents, Lewis' Wharf, Boston. /
I i [N UNITED STATES. W. L. JAMES. Agent, 13 S. Third Street, Philadelphia.J. .
I I Fla. &Westetn Ry. Co., 261
D. HASHAGEN Eastern Agent, Sav.,
t JS36 i I Always ready for QUICK SHIPMENTS of Finest A. DeW. SAMPSON General Agent, W. E. ARNOLD. Gen. Trav. Agt.,Jacksonville. Fla.
On trial in 1* Pianos and Organs Direct to Your Homes. 306 Washington st., Jl.si*on. W. II. RHETT General Agent
ronrhom* For Tickets apply to S., F. &'w. Railway office. 317 Broadway >ew York.
i I before From REV.JAS. M. POTTS D. D. editor of Mich-
I 1 pa1ag for igan Christian Advocate,Detroit.Mich.: "To say that
, we are delighted with the Piano does not express of kind-
stationery any
the fact. We are jubilant If all instruments DO you ALE SIKuL3OIflG v
i your and ink? If so, send to DfcCosta PnHting -
CI The T.BTroffer & Son Pianos & Organ I are as fine in appearance and as pleasing in tone as and pens Publishing House, Jacksonville. FlaW
PA I will rise the hundred."
BEAVER FALLS this one, your patrons! by \

t From PROF. H. He PECK, Valhennoso Springs. Ala.: "We could not be pleased better with" =;: rUllDDtfJn !
the casing or ton .quick inresponse and m 1ooious. In short we are high1y pleased with the organ. ,'.Water,&:"OX.; 1
;, From B. 1>. GRIGGS, Adairsvtlle Ga.: "I am well pleased with the organ in every spttt. It is S U'PPLI' ESXinirg n t
t all you claim it to be." E DtfII'1Je Pump.t.q I w SPASMS are moot likely troubled _Ita.
I From Y. M. C. A per J. G. COOLEY Ilillsboro, N. C.: "The organ gives entire satisfaction. B I .Wind&SteamIfach'f.E ncycht>edia 15c. W 0 RII Every one who has seen it is very much pleased with the instrument and the price on the sam ." ""The American Well WorksAurorall1.IIISS.CANALST.CHICAGOILL VERMIFUGE.lrly .
From BEN. F. family is well pleased in respect with the l .. I Been 60yearstnn.eandneyerta Is. ObMn.parUeo
STEELE, Prescot: Ark.: "My every ELM STREET. DALLAS,TEXAS. f B 1'GIf:'Houe that f inltlaU: are B.A thus av'oMtnar Imitation
erjr n. How you sell them so cheap is a wonder.




n- '




and Bon.e.: Chicago Bono: IVToo.1,
r Pure DB\Ln.o round Bono: Dark and Brig11t Cotton Seed Meal,
Animal Bono and Pot: i slh, Tobacco Stems,

Blood, Bone: and Potash, Canada Hard "Wood Ashes,

Pulverized Animal Bone Sulphate of Potash: <&o.




GEO. E.: WIN. 50 West Bay Street, Jacksonville, Fla.

President. Vice-President.
By Buying the FKRTILJZEllS that are Manufactured by the OM ESTABLISHED
Cashier. Assistant Cashier.

CAPITA $100,000. and RELIABLE FInn, The


Respectfully solicits your Deposits, Collections and General

Banking Business.CORRESPONDENCE These FERTILIZERS are made especially for the


: INVITED. =. Orange, Vegetable and Pineapple Growers of Florida. ; .

;1 Southern Office and Waveboube} at Jacksonville, Florida.
John L. Marvin, A. B. Campbell, Chas. Marvin, O. B. WEEKS, State Agent,
Jas. P. Taliaferro, T.W. Roby: Judge R. B. Archibald,
W. B. Clarkson, C. B. Rogers, W. M. Davidson, No*8 Bostwick Block.
Dr. H. Robinson. John E. Hartrldge.TO .

ALL, BUYERS Catalogue describing our Fertilizers, with prices and testimonials, sent free
ov upon application. .

GIVE US A 7 RIAL.Bowker's.


4 T all fowls sent
? HEREAFTER by express
I' will go at one-half the former
rates.-a great saving to my cus
...." .-:
;: This is by special ar
'' ..../.jJH. ..? '&ttomers., t, and is confined to
.". .. my yards.
'" .
1' -
: r.:
We are the largest ol .
F- ;::: ..__ .i.; thoroughbred poultry in Florida. I
f -.t. /: Come and see our stock or send
t < .7. for our illustrated catalogue and
x .-- % .: ,/'i" .j price list of 14 writ _i' =- r Poultry supplies of all kinds. .
.l- .:: Incubators and Brooders, Shell
I -.J(,. )..r- and Bone Mills, Clover Cutters.
,Desiccated Fish andBoiled
Wire Netting
\t ;..
-- \ ...' ',. Blood and Bone to make good results In every respect
.. ,\r!' hens the very best high-grade: Fertilizer I ever
,. lay.
-=#-. .I. \ :: ; ; ;. used. J. B. Wyatt, Supt. Fair Oak
-= { : t EGGS Groves, Manatee, Fla.
d- JJ., .j< :":;_..;, E. W. AMSDEN,
"' ;. -, '+: '
:::- ')( \ TEGETABLES GROW in 60 to
P. days
..., 90 ,
-: 'J .
.,.... -r. -' Ormond, Fla
--_-.-y' _. Y and, as a rule, do best on a manure that

NURSERIES OF THE is available and about ready to nourish. !

Bowker's Vegetable Grower is a special fertilizer,
Milwaukee Flopida asqge CD.
made to produce a vigorous, healthy growth, and

Selected strains of Choicest Varieties of Citrus Fruit Trees a Specialty. is composed of chemicals especially adapted to
Budding-Wood for sale at all times.
Our stock is large and complete. PROMPT ATTEN I ION TO CORRESPONDENCE.For vegetables, which feed this class of crops in a
Catalogue and Price-Iist,address
manner to produce a healthy growth which with.
A. '
DUNCAN, Manager, Dunedin, Fla.
stands disease and matures early. For sound,

delicious vegetables of good shipping quality, 'use ;

KIAIE i FOR SALE, the BOWRER Fertilizers..

or would exchange for bearing grove and pay
cash difference Forty acres of rich Pine Hammock f, Send for Illustrated Catalogue, Free.
PIANOS. land. Thirty acres cleared, together with ,
1 plank causeway, K mile lon., with dock and FERTILIZER ) A. M. BOND, CENT. AGENT
,UNEQUALLED INTone \, ferry i mile from Grahamville, on Ocklawaha I BOWKER COMPANY. ) JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA.s
River miles from Silver Springs. Address
,Touch(; ,Workmaush; Durability I

AJthnol'f".22And24 East Baltimore Street. A. ,TREZADWEL-L
New York. 148 Fifth Ave. I
Washington. 817 Market Space Redding. Conn.