Florida farmer & fruit grower
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055765/00231
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: S. Powers
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: May 5, 1892
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note: Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038466
oclc - 01387403
notis - AKM6256
lccn - sn 95026761
System ID: UF00055765:00231
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen

Full Text
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DACOSTA & POWERS, JACKSONVILLE, FLA., MAY 5, 1892. Whole -.,0.' 1313 Vol. iyr > No. 18.

I'roprletorstora.t ow

t Geo. S. Hacker & Son,

FLORIDA FRUIT EXCHANGE, THE DIXIE--The-new--shipping--- -melon-*-- ; RUBY GOLDA seedling with variegate* .. OJ.c =
A ; splendid for home use.
superior to Kolb's Gem. CQ
57 CHATHAM ST., BOSTON. WILD--A large native melon dls- THE DELAWARE--The largest melon of Jm
THE 129 pound
Price Catalogues of weekly sales'furnlshei among the Seminole Indians A single melon weighed V
on appllcatlon.G in South Florida. and 11 ounces. y I

PRICE: Ten cent per packet: or one package each of the four varieties, thirty centtpostpaid. -g a:
ESTABLISHED ISM. Anyone ordering from this advertisement and mentions this paper will receive a packet of Whit 0c

- Gem Melon,the most prolific one known. -

> BARNETT BROS." H. G. HASTINGS & CO., Seedsmen and Florists, o :c.;
IN'rERLACI-IEN I Loi it> A. o mc

Wholesile Commission, Fruits and Yegetablss. WE MAKE THEM !
And Building Meterial.CHARLESTON .
'. Prompt returns. Stencils on application
< 1'tA' rtxtth R atpr Atiwt.M\tl"Mf'
i PALMER SUCCESSORS TO ; The Virginia Ventilated Fruit CarriersFOR

:1G6 Iteadf Streetew Yorh..:: .
Lemons, Pineapple, nnd all othe Xo. 41-6 Baskets, three-quarter Bushel.No. No. 34-IC-quart gift crate. tJAC1cSOr1VIULtE, FLtL,
Fruits and early truck also dried fruits,nuts. 42-4 one-half llushel.Xo. 1 No. 36-32- U "
furs.etc. It No. 30-32- standard crate.
"All consignments promptly remitted for. Stencils 56-2
W and market reports furnished free. Send for catologues, prices and samples. IRRIGA TING
References: Bradstreets,and established mer SOUTH SIDE MFG. CO. Petersburg, YaSdiltiEicstFlorist .
Chants and banks of the South._ ,


V iNifNLRJ \
rt .New,. Rare and Elegant Planter of JJirrjDescription o ESTABLISHED 1883. J
; Ornamental plants-Palms,Orchids,Tern", '30TH
fruits Shrubbery
r Rare new ; ;
:ir Palms, Orchids, Cacti and Bamboos t 3)) Bamboos, Cactus Conifers, Aquatics. Stock safely shipped over the whole

Shade and ornamcatal trees and shrubs for Southern ,/J1 world. Fine illustrated catalogue of 100 pages sent on receipt of ice. Clean, Steam and Horse Power.

lawn and gardens. Choice exotic plants healthy stock. Low prices.REASOXER.
for the greenhouse or conservatory. BROS., Oncco, Fla.
,, In all the leading varieties budded from bearing Pipe Pipe Fitting Brass
# trees on our own grounds and guar NURSERIES OF THE

4. All the New anteed and true Desirable to name. Tropical GOB Valve, Hose, Etc.
FrultM. Our 88 page: Illustrated and Descriptive Miiwallln e FID ida g aqgl
Catalogue for 1892 tells all about these things and
la sent free to applicant! Addrrss WRITE FOR ESTIMATES.
R. D. HOYT, Manager Selected strains of Choicest Varieties of Citrus Fruit Trees a Specialty. times
for sale at
r ._ Seven Oaks, Flo. Budding-Wood
Our stock is large and complete. PROMPT ATTEN LION TO CORR1!;SPONDENCE.
and Price-List address
OULTRY FOOD For Catalogue
.r A. L. DUNCAN, Manager, ,

::& JOHN CLARK, SON & CO., THOMASVILLE Eli., day GA.curlier tban

I ti,1 enyralirlrtrledatibic
, Trade Mark I ; cR at Agrt u "nva.u fl.Fx.N:' Y Ground Color

I ,
b Will Make Hens! Lay 1I"'lou... The only' trr.pe
.. ". Witll\take Chickens Grow I ,-_- ihai tanks tlralbo'btnearliims '
lack Tin staled with
This food is strictly fresh meat, carefully l ....r riBl'
cooked, ground fine seasoned and hermetically Coal, Hay, Grain, Wines, Liquors, Cigars, Tobacco, Etc.JACISO 4 el.._... ... ",,u..... r,IrformatI mark lab. Accent I I. tend wnotrdIEPM tax
sealed in 8lb. cans. Being ground fines it can \,i..orrw ...M Mi vroNS." New t anaa CGqjFENCINQ
be readily mixed with soft food and fed so as to ILLI+s Ia hA.
, peach fowl an equal share. Price 30 cents

per can ; t3.oo per dozen. Address IIOLUS
Boston Mass. [Mention paper.] PRICE LIST OF .

....... Martin ..........................S3 OC
Parker............................. 81 75 Eye
.. ........ ......... 4 Of
.......................... 2 00 Virginia Glades
STATE- BANK OF FLORIDA Orange Valley Valley....... ..................... 2 5O Old Bourbon ............................ 5 OC
Spring .... ........... li OC
.................. 2 50 Kentucky Sour Marsh
t North Clifton Carolina Club ....Corn........ ............... Old Baker ................... ......... 5 OC a w ,
"11'OT IXCORr OR A TJTJD." Montrose Velvet.................. SG 00 --I 't sJ

three gallon, 750. Remit by pod cffice! mcnej
two gallon
I R Extra: One gallon. JSG.;
; | Jog!
f ? We cannot ship C.O. D. to dry t.wr*.
FLORIDA. check or registered letter. .
free rn5 H2B
list of Groceries,and Wine List,lent on application. ..
.. A complete price RABBIT & POULTRY 1'iiNCJjuxcun Q.friase .
'Capital $30,000.00" -- JOHN CLARK, SON & CO. I r.:r. worn mu race co.ciuUkja:

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It will destroy the SPIDER, which is causing the fruit and leaves to drop and
in many cases killing the limbs.It .

will kill the MOVING SCALE. This is the hatching period and now is the time to spray. .. :

It will destroy the RUST MITE, of which Hubbard found 60,000 on a single leaf, thereby saving the cost of feeding such an enormous -
mass of insect life, and by their destruction secure bright fruit. .

It will not only prevent the oranges from rusting, but give them a bright, sparkling color that can be obtained in no other way.<

It will cure FOOT ROT and prevent infection and spreading. ,

It will destroy FUNGUS and LICHEN GROWTH, giving the trees a healthy appearance. '

It will, as Mr.Azline (Arline( & Marfcely, Cincinnati) says, return you ten dollars for every one that it will cost


One Quart in 50 Gallons of Water is Sufficient. Spraying Outfits in Great Variety at 1anufactur rs' Prices:

E. BEAN, J"aclso1'1"Ville, 13la.




Is the most effective compound yet discovered for destroying the insects infesting the orange tree, and is a sovereign; l

remedy for the various forms of fungi on trees and plants. Being free from all substances of a caustic, corrosive or poisonous .

nature, it can be handled with perfect safety to the person, and applied to the trees at any stage of growth without f

injury. J.
This insecticide has been used by some of the largest orange growers in the State during the past two years, and has ,
given perfect satisfaction.: References furnished on application. l

For Rust Mite use one quart to fifty gallons of water. When used at this strength the trees should be sprayed for
the Rust Mite twice a month through the season. Where labor constitutes the principal item of expense in spraying trees

it is better and cheaper to use the Insecticide at full strength, viz.: One gallon of solution to 50 gallons of,water, as the
fumes from the Insecticide will kill the Rust Mite even if the solution should not happen to touch them. In using the

Insecticide at this strength it will save three or four sprayings through the season, thereby reducing the cost from one-
third to one-half.: This is an Advantage Possessed by no Other Preparation of Sulphur. If used in this manner it
will also kill the other insects that: may be moving on the trees.

For Red Spider and Scale, use one gallon to fifty gallons of water. General directions for using sent on application.
Price 20c. Per Gallon, in barrels. If there is no agent in your vicinity, write for price delivered.
Spraying Apparatus furnished to our customers at cost.

[McMASTER & MILLER, San Mateo and Citra, Fla.SAVANNAH .


AD)1 -

r : ]. THE .;. FLORIDA .?. DISPATCH 4. LINE 4[.iV $ ,


I=; The .Great Fast Express Freight System of the South.

The attention of shippers is directed to the Plant S. S.Line between Havana, Key We t and Tampa, and South Florida Railway between Tampa and Sanford;S.,F.&W. Ry.between Jacksonville,
Gainesville, Bainbridge, River Junction and Savannah;Savannah and Charleston,and Ocean Steamship Line between Savannah, Philadelphia, Boston and New York, and Merchants and Miner
Transportation Company between Savannah and Baltimore. The best equipped fastest and most prompt lines between all points in Florida and all points North and Northwest.
Receivers and Shippers Will Profit by the Following Unparalleled Connections:
Double dally fast freight service for all points West via Albany, Jesup, Bainbridge and Double daily fast freight service from all points North and West via Albany, Bainbridge,J sup
Savannah. and Savannah to all points in Florida; fast freight trains both via Gainesville,Jacksonville,Callahan -
Daily fast freight all rail connection via the Atlantic Coast Line to all Eastern, Interior and and Live Oak.
Coast points,including New York Boston.Philadelphia,Baltimore, Washington and Providence. Four ships a week by the fleet steamships of the Ocean Steamship Company, sailing from Heir
Four connections: a week for New York via Ocean Steamship Company, leaving Savannah. York(New Pier 35 North River,)direct for Savannah Monday, Wednesday,Friday and Saturday. .
Mondays,Wednesdays, Fridays and Saturdays. The Boston and Savannah Steamship Company's steamers will leave Boston May 5,u, 19 and( 26 tiI""
Two connections week for Baltimore,Via Merchants' and Miners' Transportation Company, for Savannah direct,making connection on the dock at Savannah with fast freight trains for all
leaving Savannah every Wednesday and Saturday. points in Florida.
Connections for Boston vja Boston.and Savannah Steamship Company, leaving Savannah May From Philadelphia via Ocean Steamship Co.I leaving Philadelphia May, IT.n.every five day
sad 26.
5 U
from regular sailing day via New York to Savannah.
tonnectiona. for Philadelphia every\ten.days via Ocean Steamship Company, leaving Savannah From Baltimore via Merchants and Miners'Transportation Co., every Tuesday and Friday
May 3, it,31.Sailing making close connection. with S.,F.&W. Ry.,for all points in Florida..
for .
days Steamships are subject without notice. : '
< The Florida! ''Dispatch Line' Is the::quickest,and be t freight) ,route from.all.PO'I\' \ North" East and West to,7lor1da. For full particulars, rates, stenF n is and shipping
rce'elpts apply" to anysenti. of the above! lines, or to < WM. P. If RDfE: Gen'l'Freight Agent, Bavannati; Ga.
G* D, OWKN9,Traffic Manager* Savannah; Ga. F. B. APr,Asst.Traffic Manager, Savannah, Ga. W. M/DAVIDSOJf' Gen'l Passenger Agt.,Jacksonville,. Fla
J. P. JORDAN Trav. Agent, Qulncy. J. E.
DKAYTON. Tray. A=.Dt.Jacksonville. .





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b..: > f.\RMER\. RU'IT ROWER


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FULL OFFICIAL ACCOUNT This illustrates the commercial advantages CROP STATISTICS. sify the fruit and prepare cataloguesfor

of growing in build- Season of 1S5485------------------ 600,000 boxes auction sales, to time and
orange 1885-86...............,. boxes arrange
OF THE ing and maintaining railways.GROWERS' II 1886-87 ................1,260,000 900,000 b",,xes place of sale and to postpone, if nec-
1887-88 ............ ....1450,000 boxes to collect proceeds of sales.
EXPENDITURES.If 1888-89................1,950,000 boxes essary
ORANGE GROWERS' CONVENTIONAT .. 1889-90................2.150000 boxes promptly remit the same, to keep the
we estimate the crop of 189192at 1890-91 ................2,600,000 boxes
home advised
3,500,000 boxes it ]loads to their 1891-92...............3,500,000 boxes principal agency of receipts -

full capacity 11,660 cars, and the average Crop for the season of 1891-92 will of fruit from foreign parts and
from Florida
freight at 65 cents per box from exceed figures mentioned when all returns etc.

Jacksonville, April 20th and 21st. the grove to selling points, the crop are in. Now we claim that this system

has paid the railways ar.d their con It is estimated that there are be- which I have sketched in outline is

nections $2,275,000.The tween ten and fifteen thousand orange precisely the system of the Florida

value of the box material wouldbe growers in the State and the value of Fruit Exchange, as will be seen by

The much-talked of Convention of $455,000; the nails, $35,000; the grove property is estimated at $35- reference to your own experiehce and

Florida Orange Growers, to whichour paper for wrapping, $140,000; laborin 000,000. our publications. We have carefully

State papers have devoted considerable gathering and packing, $700,000. PACKING, QUAI.ITY AND SYSTEM. labored foryears to perfect the system.
We have tried enlarging our distri!:*
These various items
during the month aggregate certain connectedwith
space past There are matters
and have learned
uting points by ex-
proved to be the largest and most en- $1,330,000 for simply gathering and the low average price attainedfor perience that concentration on the
preparing the fruit for market. Addto
thusiastic of fruit our last crop which can and shouldbe
gathering growersever great distributing points produced better
this the of
sum $2,275,000 for fruit
reduced the them-
in Florida. by .growers results by increasing
brought together competitionamong
freight as mentioned above and the selves. We can and should avoid
The convention was called by the total cost of laying our of buyers. We have carefully
3,500,000 the shipment green, unripe, sour examined and tested
tt officials of the Florida Fruit Exchange, boxes at the consumers' doors i is fruit, culls and drops. This class of made through'the every suggestIon or

and the material that was presentedin $3,605,000.: fruit always brings down the price of otherwise, and have steadily increasedour press

obedience to the call proved conclusively If to this sum we add the cost of good fruit and it would be better thatit experience and our business.

cultivation, of fertilizer, packing should never leave Florida. The
that the Exchange had struck Why then have we not made an entire
houses, teams, tram roads and the same thing may be said of black,
the popular chord. It has never been success? Simply because the fruit
tools and implements of labor we can coarse russets. Bad packing and
our pleasure to witness growers of Florida have not stood byus
an assemblageof
begin to realize the outlay tom the rough dirty boxes will always give a
producers that embraced such a and given us the control of a large
grower and the commercial value of bad impression of the fruit containedin
high standard of intelligence and portion of the crop. With the con-
the industry to those who them.
orange trol of million of boxes
sound business qualifications as could only one we
profit by handling the before The can also raise'values
crop any growers
be observed in the believe that we could easily controlthe
delegates composing return is made to the grower, who hasa by improving the quality of their fruit,
this question of transportation; we
particular body. large capital invested in an industry budding with the best varieties and
should hold in hands the
The hour for for our powerof
meeting was
3 which, to be on a footing with others, keeping up the condition of their trees.
April 20th and the and demanding reasonable rates. If
p. m. elegant
must pay the interest, taxes and cost Much influence on the market can
commodious of the the fruit growers will concentrate and
rooms Jacksonville -
of superintendence besides. also be exercised by a judicious withholding -
Board of Trade were gratuitiously give us their support we can carry out
RESULTS OF SALES. of fruit when the market is
placed at the disposal of the fruit to a better solution the questions of
growers. There has been a very general feel- well supplied. These are matters prices and transportation-with a sufficient -

Promptly at the hour named ing of discouragement with results of within our own control.As supply of fruit we would haveno

seat in the hall was filled and standing every our crops for season 1891-92. The to marketing the crop, I think .difficulty in guaranteeing full

room wits exceedingly limited. A I I average price received by the grower all would agree that the ideal plan cargoes to parties who would take our

careful count showed has been considerably lower than in would be to handle through your own fruit at reduced rates, but we could not

present at the opening 234 hour.growers This any previous year, while there has agents, selected responsible men, who otherwise do so in justice to shippers
been no decrease in the cost of are familiar with the business and
number was soon increased perceptibly pro. whose fruit must not be held or de-
by later arrivals. The conventionwas duction and preparing for market withan who will give close and constant at layed to make up cargoes. It is to the
increase of Eastern tention to the state of the markets
called to order by'\Ir. Damon freight to I I interest of us all to concentrate our
points of 3373 cent. and to a proper distributi of the
.Greenleaf, who is Vice-President of per business.At .
the sales made the fruit. These agents to be placed at
Taking through
the Florida
Fruit Exchange. !Mr. the conclusion of the President's
Florida Fruit basis the the receiving points in Florida, to look
Exchange as a ,
President Geo. address, Secretary Smith, of the Jacksonville -
and for the after the proper shipment, the use of
net prices seven
R. Fairbanks, of the Exchange, who gross past Board of Trade, on behalf of
the best description of the
have been follows only cars,
as :
acted as chairman throughout the sessions years keeping, of a record of shipment so said board, presented the meeting an

of the convention.Mr. 1885-86..............Gross.$2.4334 Net JI-4S&per box. as to prevent delays, and trace losses, invitation to a free excursion to the
, M. P. Turner, Secretary of the 1886-87..............2.16 1.26: St. Johns bar on the steamer Hancox.Mr. .
1887-88............... daily telegrams respecting the condi-
,. Exchange, was appointed Secretary of 1S88-&}...............2.52 2.13 1.72 1.331S899o..2.27 tion of the principal markets, obtain- W. H. Cook, of Pomona,

the convention. 1890-91................2.37 1.57 1.52 ing full information of the quantity of moved that the invitation be acknowledged -
President Fairbanks opened the 1891-82................1.75 1.00 fruit going out of the State so as to with thanks, and that the Boardof
meeting by first expressing his pleasure Trade be informed of the
The highest net average was $1.72, be constantly posted as to the supply conven-
at attendance
large and hoped the lowest $1 per box. going forward to the various markets, tion's intention to accept same as soonas

that much good would result. We From the figures quoted it will be to receive returns and send promptlyto its business was completed.Vice .
4t give the substance of his address
follows as seen that, while transportation rates the grower, verifying the returns by President Greenleaf] of the
have increased, prices have decreased.Yet rigid scrutiny of account sales, and Exchange, was the next speaker.Mr. .

" EXTENT OF FRUIT INTERESTS. the cost of production and pre- guaranteeing the shipper against all Greenleaf handled the trans

One railway car will carry the product paring for market remains the same. losses and shortages. portation problem in a masterly manner -

of twenty-five acres of cotton, The increased crop has helped everybody Acting under this home agency, re and furnished details as to cost of

but can only carry the product of one but the grower. liable bonded agents to be located at eastern shipments during current sea-

acre of oranges. A grove producing The average net return of the six the various points of destination to son and gave the sum total lost to the

. ten thousand boxes of oranges will years prior to 1891 92 was $1.48 per receive the fruit, report its true condition growers by the increased rate to be

furnish freight fora train of thirty- box, and for seven years, including so as to hold transportation companies nearly a. half million dollars up to

three loaded cars. 1891.92, $1.41 per box. responsible, to assort and clas date.





said the Fruit Exchange was ina costs from forty to sixty thousand dol- Mr. Day thought the Fruit Exchange States for Florida oranges, and that

position to furnish a direct and in- lara per annum, and no vacant wharves.A was the proper concern to gradually the sentiment was becoming
dependent line of ships to New York new line must under these condi-- assume the responsibility in charteringships unanimous in favor of the auction sys-

whenever the orange growers would tions seek for dockage either in Brook- and he felt satisfied the Exchange tem. Mr. Ripley explained that for

come forward and manifest their in- lyn or some point in New York remote would do so if properly supported, over fifty years all foreign fruit was
tentions by a unanimous support and from the business centre." but without proper support the ven- sold in this way. The sales of Florida

patronage.He These difficulties, continued Mr. ture would bankrupt any company oranges at auction had increased from
suggested means by which a Day, could of course be overcome ina living. 13,000 boxes in 1886 to 103,000 boxesin
new line could be secured and main- great measure, and in time the trade Mr. Day next touched upon the 1892. Mr. Ripley explained how

tained. One way being to tax the could be educated up to attending our manner in which the crop is marketed.He the Exchange fruit was received and

growers at the rate of five cents per box. sales at most any point within reason, : said that, while the very enormous i handled at Boston, explained the de- j
Another way was to take stock in the provided, of course, the fruit was con- quantity of small fruits and apples pro- tails of assorting according to stencil
Exchange to the extent of $50,000 or centrated and sold through one cen- duced in the United States during the numbers and grades, cataloguing and

more, money raised in this manner to tral agency. season was in a large measure respon- selling. Marked attention was paidto
be considered a guarantee fund for Another obstacle, and the most sible for the low prices obtained, still the remarks of the speaker through-

the support of the Exchange in any I formidable of all, is next to be consid the main cause lay with the defective out.The

steps taken towards reducing the rates. ered. We connot, of course, overlookthe system of marketing. Taking the chairman now announced that ,- -
Mr. Horace W. Day, of the firm of fact that the lines already estab- New York market as an example, he I the time was ripe for the consideration -
Sgobel & Day, representing the Fruit i liseed with their equipment of ships, illustrated how the fruit was received of measures looking towards imJ&Ss. -

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Exchange at New York, was now in rolling stock and magnificent terminal there by hundreds of dealers, large provement of the situation generally.Mr. .

troduced.Mr. facilities at both ends of the line, also and small, how each had his own J. D. Meade, of Mandarin,
Day proceeded to submit cold unlimited capital at their command,will price, hardly any two alike ; besidesall favored the concentrating of all the
facts in a most earnest and business. not sit idly by and see their business the interior towns which should fruit and shipping through the Ex

like manner. Speaking on the question taken away from them. obtain their supply from New York change. He said that with two or

of transportation and rates he "No," says Mr. Day, "these lines city, paying cash therefor, were sup- more million boxes at its back the
stated that there was always a bright will, the moment they find themselves plied direct under the consignment Exchange would be in position to demand -

.and a dark side to every problem suchas losing business, inaugurate a war upon system. So long as this state of affairs lower rates; then if the demandwas
this. The procuring of steamshipswas the new-comers. Down goes the rate existed we could not hope for uniform not complied with the Exchangecould

easy to accomplish. The Exchange to ten cents per box if necessary; then prices on Florida oranges.Mr. charter and run its own ships.

was now in a position to provide what will you orange growers do? Day then referred to the matterof General Davis Tillson, of Leesburg,
three ships to carry fruit to New Yorkat Have you the backbone and the meansto English markets and gave much moved that the chair appoint a com-

a rate not exceeding thirty cents stick to the line charging thirty valuable information on the subject, mittee of five on transportation, this
per box, possibly less, but thought it cents per box?" outlining the plans of the Exchangeand committee to formulate and present a
best to say thirty cents, in order that Now, gentlemen, in order to secure giving estimated cost of market- plan of action. The motion was
all contingencies might be safely pro- the ships I refer to, a responsibleparty ing Florida oranges in Liverpool at adopted and the following committee

vided for. "Now, take it (for grantedwe must sign the charter-party, about eighty cents per box, including appointed:

have the ships, let us look into guaranteeing a fixed sum per trip; this freight charges, actual freight being G. P. Healey, of Seville; D. Green-
those most important features, facilities money must be paid whether the ships about fifty cents per box from Fernan leaf, of Jacksonville; J. D. Mead\ of

at terminal points; to-day, dock- carry full cargoes or not. Suppose dina or Jacksonville.Mr. Mandarin; R. E. Mims, of Mims; O.
room in New York can't be had at they run light, or half loaded, as did F. L. Ripley, Boston agent of P. Rooks, of Fruitland Park.
any price; at points where it would be the "Brixham" who would stand the the Exchange, was next introduced.Mr. On motion, the chair was added to
most convenient to the fruit trade to loss? Why, the man who signed the Ripley said that Boston was the the committee.Mr. .

have our fruit landed wharf-room charter-party. best all-round market in the United C. B. Hubbard, of Detroit,

-- I .

r- I : : TTT _



Mich., and Crescent City, Florida, were right at the growers' elbow all the great struggle the Exchange had l Major Healy then explained the
then offered the following: the time, constantly working for the undergone.After ideas of the committee fully. He said
gloved)? that the orange growers of business which rightfully belonged to the report was fully discussedit l they were very conservative and it was
Florida pledge themselves to ship a the Exchange. was unanimously received as read. his opinion that the form of contractwas
fixed quantity of fruit through the Mr. Bond also offered some valua- REPORT ADOPTED. just what was needed. He also
Florida Fruit Exchange, same to be ble suggestions looking to improve- The chairman announced the question stated that the recommendation of the
bid upon by competing lines. ments in some branches of the of the adoption of the commit. committee relative to stock subscrip
On motion, this was referred to the Exchange service and called attention tee's report as the next business i in, tions was intended to provide the
Committee on Transportation.On to some complaints that had come I'order. Exchange with ready funds with
motion, convention adjournedto under his notice. I Mr. D. Mead, of Pierson Fla., which to inaugurate an active cam-
may=-/ meet again at 7:30: p. m. President Fairbanks pledged him- took the floor and in aa earnest address paign and carry out the intentions of
self to look into the matters and make advocated a combination of the the committee's recommendations.
Promptly at 7:30 p. m. the delegateswere such improvements and corrections as orange growers and united support of On motion, the meeting adjourned
in their seats and Chairman Fair the Mr. Mead the
be found Exchange.
necessary. gave at 9:45 p. m. to meet again at 8 o'clock
banks called the meeting to order. results of his
Letters of encouragement and sug comparative shipmentsto next morning.The .
Mr. John C. Love, of Leesburg, gestions were received from Mr. John commission houses and the Ex
took the floor and explained that tne Carville Stovin, of Winter Park; S. change, shipments being made on
Horticultural Society had some time B. Platt, of Apopka; W. B. Henry, same dates and consisting of same meeting was again called to
ago requested the Department of Hor of Mt. Dora; Wm. H. Thomas, of grades of fruit, the net results from the order at 8:30: a. m. Friday, April :2ist.Mr. .
ticulture at Washington to send expertsto Ocala;J. J. Powell, of Sorrento: ; L. Q. Exchange in every instance being bet Healy again took the floor and
Florida to examine into the diseasesof Kermode, of Gulf Hammock. ter than those from the commission offered suggestions as to how the Exchange -
the orange tree. He then intro should proceed to secure sig
duced Mr. \V. T. Swingle, of the TRUIT EXCHANGE INDORSED. I men.Mr.. Hy. Crutcher, of Zellwood, natures to contracts, and that some
Department, who explained the pur Maj. G. P. Healey, of Seville, chairman moved the adoption of the committee's plan be adopted by the growers: to
poses and methods of the Horticultural of the committee on transportation report as read. assist the Exchange.Mr. .
bureau. He said that as yet nothing reported that the committee had Dr. Newsom, of Crescent City, in a J. D. Mead said it would be
had been done in regard to the orange completed its labors and offered the strong speech advocated unity and too expensive to make a house to
tree diseases beyond a preliminary ex following report: concentration of all the business on house canvass.
amination. Much had been learned We, committee Mr. E. W. Bond said he consideredit
your respectfully the Exchange; he thought that insteadof
regarding grapes, apples, pears another d submit the following report: In view one million boxes being pledgedthat very important to have local agentsto
fruits, and remedies had been of the fact that over 75 per cent of every box should go through the act under the supervision of the
found for all diseases peculiar to the the oranges of the State have been Exchange if not sold on the trees. directors in their respective districts.
classes of fruit trees and vines men sold during the past season throughthe The expenses might appear heavy at
Mr. John C. Love said that the Exchange
tioned.J. first but the
consignment plan and the crop as glance, prompt returns
C. Love then offered the follow a whole at a loss to the grower, there- should have a capital of at and low rates would more than com
lowing resolution, which was adopted: fore we recommend that the orange least $100,000; this would strengthenits pensate for the extra outlay.Mr. .
WHEREAS, The growing of oranges growers of the State of Florida shall position very materially and enableit A. Brady offered the following:
to sufficient number of f
employ a
being the leading industry of the pe contract and agree to ship one million active in the State. Moved that it is the sense of this meet-
ninsula of Florida, and the success of boxes of oranges at least through the agents ing that the canvassing of the orange
said industry being seriously threat Florida Fruit Exchange, to be shipped Mr. R. E. Mims suggested that districts be supervised by the directorsin
ened by various diseases which have by them and marketed by them when each member of the convention con- their respective districts. Expenses
already done great damage to the so agreed upon, and that we offer fur- sider himself a soliciting agent for the to be paid by the Exchange.This .
he it ther the Exchange and that all go home witha motion seconded
orange groves; following contract as a forms was by Major
Resolved, That this convention which shall be signed by every such firm determination to do all possibleto Healy and adopted.The .
earnestly our Senators and secure the assistance of their neigh of the
request orange grower agreeing to ship through concluding portion com-
Representatives at Washington to ex the Florida Fruit Exchange: bors.The mittee's report was then read by the
ert their utmost efforts to secure from report was then unanimously Secretary and the report as a whole
the present Congress an appropriationof FORM OF CONTRACT. adoPted. finally adopted.
at least $10,000 to be used in having !, I hereby agree to ship through the Major Healy moved that the roll be i At this point some of the members
a scientific investigation made in : Florida Fruit Exchange all of my called so as to allow the members of the convention seemed to lose sightof
this State, under the direction of the I I crop of oranges not sold at home for present to subscribe for stock in such the fact that the committee's report
United States Department of Agriculture transportation or sale in order to se sums as they desired. had been finally disposed of.
of the diseases of the orange and cure lowest freight rates and highest The motion prevailed and roll was Major Healy moved that the Secre-
other citrus fruit trees. market prices, the Exchange selectingthe called and 245 shares subscribed for. tary call the roll and that each member,
On motion of Mr. John Fabyan, carrier.I Messrs. J. F. Cogswell and F. L. as his name is called, pledge his fruitto
of Conant, Fla., the Secretary was estimate my present crop at Ripley offered to take 50 shares eachso the Exchange provided he did not
instructed to forward copies of the boxes. that a paid in capital of $50,000might sell on the trees, and at the same time
resolutions to the Florida Senators I The Fruit Exchange agrees to be available at once, providedone give an estimate of the quantity
and Representatives at Washington.A to use its best endeavors to get the hundred growers would do like- pledged.Mr. .
motion was then made and car. pledges of one million boxes of W. H. Cook, of Pomona, asked
fled instructing the Secretary to call oranges or more, and therefore we resolve wise.Mr.. John G. Christopher, General for further information as to terms of
the roll and ascertain as to the quan each and every one of us to aid Manager of the Merchants' Steamship the contract, and he was enlightenedby
tity of fruit represented by those pres- the said exchange in every way possible Line, was here introduced.Mr. Major Healy.
ent.This to this end. We further recommend Christopher proceeded to enlighten By request, the Secretary again read
was done and total of 524,500 that every subscriber to this the convention as to the resultsof the form of contract.Mr. .
boxes was announced.By agreement become an actual stock- running his ship, and showed that J. L. Burton, of Crescent City,
request, Mr. Little was allowedthe holder in the Florida Fruit Exchangein the venture had proven very successful delivered a stirring appeal for concen-
privilege of the floor for a moment, the amount of one share or more. thus far. He suggested the purchaseof tration and united support of the
when, on behalf of Little Bros., of Signed, another ship and that two othersbe Exchange. He said we are here for
fertilizer fame, he invited the growersto G. P. HEALEY, Chairman. chartered. The four ships couldbe business and we might resolute until
visit the phosphate works at South O. P. ROOKS, successfully operated provided the doomsday and not accomplish anything
Jacksonville any time Thursday between J. D. MEAD, orange growers would concentrate tangible. The Fruit Exchange was
8 a. m. and 12 m. On motion, D. GREENLEAF, their shipments through the Fruit Ex looked up to for certain things, but
the courtesy was acknowledged and R. E. MIMS, change. Mr. Christopher gave much without the support of the orange
accepted.Mr. GEO. R. FAIRBANKS, valuable information on the transpor growers success would be impossible.He .
E. W. Bond now took the floor Committee. tation question and his remarks were did not believe in compromise or
and offered some valuable suggestions listened to very attentively.Mr. half way measures. He came into
. to the Exchange officials. He advocated Maj. Healy, in presenting the com C. F. A. Beilby, of DeLand, the convention prepared to pledge
the placing of active Exchange mittee's report, endorsed the Fruit here moved that the committee's report every box of his fruit to the Exchangeor
agents in all such heavy shipping dis Exchange in the most emphatic lan- be taken up in detail and arrangementsmade I forfeit 25 cents per box.
tricts as DeLand, and illustrated how guage and announced that while in the for carrying out the suggestions Mr. B. M. Baer agreed with Mr.
certain fruit dealers who were on the past he had net given the Exchangehis contained therein. Carried. :Burton. He said if a contract was
ground all during the shipping season patronage he would now pledge it On motion, the contract was read j found necessary why not make it
were successful in controlling heavy his hearty support in the future, he 1 by the Secretary for information of 1 binding in every sense? Why leave a
consignments simply because they was a convert and now fully alive to some of the members. [Continued on page 352.]





fifteen boxes while the same numberof .I think if we farmers want to profit What a grand field Florida is for
jiJiI\4EI\] ] A> tfleIEl\
dozen of the other filled only ten by practical experience we should intense and intelligent culture! Whata ..

- boxes of the same size. make a note of these things as we go great pitty it is that men who have

Editorial Notes." IRRIGATION IN DITCHES.-Is land along. I remember what a dry Aprilwe abundance of means do not come here
THE "EARTH MULCH. -Few farm had last and almost and the instead of
worth cultivating at all which is so year everyone develop country
ers fully realize the importance of sandy that the water needed for irrigation since I have been in Florida hoarding it up to await opportunitiesto

keeping the- land as level as possible cannot be conveyed in ditches? My pindars are as good as my corn, loan it at interest! What seems to .

during a drouth and an inch or two of Everybody seems to have taken it for both of which have been cultivated me to be most needed in Florida is

the surface stirred frequently. When granted without question that irriga- alike, namely: Ground broken deep enterprising men of means to employ

the earth is thrown up into ridges, the tion in Florida would require a systemof with two-horse plow broadcast, thor- intelligent labor in developing the

heated atmosphere penetrates it more iron piping, and nearly everybodywho oughly harrowed, laid off one way untold thousands of acres of productive -

readily than it would a flat surface and has irrigated at all has providedthe with six-inch shovel, furrows opened land there is in Florida. Right in ;

carries off its moisture. But a light with seven-inch shovel and seed there thou-
pipes accordingly. We have in cov- my neighborhood are ten
and loose layer of earth, if level, is mind a successful strawberry grower ered with double bull-tongue. Cultivated sand acres of virgin hammock and

an advantage by reason of what is living on the water shed of the penin- by running on each side with mixed woods lands\ which have never

called broken capillarity. Where a sula, on a sandy blackjack ridge- four-inch long scooter, bar side to the been utilized to pay the taxes on them.
soil is packed and dense, the particles So the These lands in cultivation would
about the sandiest kind of land- corn. soon as over field put

of earth lie close together, and the who found no trouble in making a plowed the rows out clean with same support numbers of people; still theylie

moisture from below readily passes weak stream of water stay on the surface implement, running below where the around towns and cry hard times.

along from one to the other until it I long enough to flood the whole ground was broken and throwing the CHARLES W. CAMPBELL, SR.

reaches the surface and is evaporatedinto length ol t beds about 600 feet long and dirt back to the row. Ten days after, Campobello, Marion County.
and lost. But
the atmosphere clean with Planet ,
irrigate them abundantly. plowed out Jr. % t
when, by frequent shallow stirring, CULTIVATION IRRIGATION.Aveteran cultivator. I shall cultivate shallowI I Crops that Pay on High Pine.
the particles are made to lie as far
after this. I don't know where all
the is Florida gardener once said to There are certain crops which are
apart as possible, capillarity
this moisture comes from, whether it
broken and the passage of moisture the writer: "No body but a lazy man profitable to grow on high pine land
is absorbed from above at night or
needs I raise
.from the subsoil upward is impeded. irrigation. can anythingIn by capillary attraction comes from and others which are not, that is, under -
Kick such soil with the of the this same 'Florida sand' by stirringit
a toe His below. But I know it is there all an ordinary agricultural system.
every day. practice corres-
boot and the line of constant moisturewill
ponded, for he hoed his garden every the same,and to a greater degree than Citrus fruits may be ranked in the
be found an inch or two down,
while in a hard soil not stirred no day. The weight of sand is so great I have in ever observed time. in any other former class, because the prices which

moisture will be found for several that even when stirred frequently, it country a dry they command under average condi-

soon settles together more or less. CORN WITHOUT RAIN.I .
inches. Now, every rainfall, even tions, one year with another, will jus-
the slightest, will make a thin crust CULTIVATION vs. DRAINAGE.Inthe am very much of the belief that the of liberal
tify expenditure a amount
of packed soil, and as soon as this rainy season the surface crusts a fair crop of corn can be made in
is the Florida without rain if the ground is of money for commercial fertilizer of
dries out it will begin to convey the every day; "scalding" largely
moisture up from below faster than a result of want of air, the failure of the put in good tilth before planting and a high grade. Strawberries under

broken surface would. roots to secure the supply of oxygen kept so. To do this the old systemof good maaagement will reimburse the

which they require, and which they bedding must be done away with. for
GREEN MANURING. grower handsomely a heavy outlayin
neighborwho can secure only through the breakingof I[ here repeat;; you cannot put the
. is a observing gardener labor and fertilizer, even if he has
in order
the crust. We have seen tomatoes ground good by that mode,
gives the result of his observationsand kept healthy and fruiting right throughthe neither can the crop be cultivated so to renew his plantation annually.But .

experience on this subject. Ona rainy season, and that in the flat well and so easily.I there are very few crops which
small of flatwoods which he
wished to for strawberry woods, by having the crust well have had a practical experience will yield such strictly fancy returnsas

prepare he down broken after every rain with a garden this week in regard to plowed and un- to justify the expense for costly
plants one summer plowed a
rake. But this rule is imperative it After
rank of when they were ; plowed ground. getting over manures. A large amount of money

full of crop succulence cowpeas, and for two must be done after every rain, and, my corn I attempted to plow a pieceof may be made on cucumbers, but it is

years better still, every day, rain or no rain. wheat I wanted to turn under as I only a exceptional soil that is
afterward the soil was so "sad, heavy very
saw it would make nothing. Whilst adapted to the growth of this
and lifeless that he could nothingto crop.
get Practical Farm Talks-No. 21. the stirred ground in the cornfield
was Tomatoes will also yield large profits
grow well on it. So much ferment- .
and Fruit Grower and full of moisture the other
ing vegetation in the soil soured and Editor Farmer : lively and they are less fastidious than cucumbers

injured its texture much. On the What will be the harvest? Of my was so exceedingly dry I could do in their likes and dislikes as
other hand, he had a crop of cowpeasin rye, there will be none; it litterally nothing with it and had to give it up. to soil; but they require such liberal

a young pear orchard which, burned up. Same with wheat. The Never saw dust dryer. This confirmsme applications of fertilizer on high pine

through the press of other work, he i pasturage, however, about paid ex in my views that all crops shouldbe land that little profit will be realized

Oats, from planted in drills and cultivated and unless they are far south .
neglected to plow under until they I penses. present appearance grown very
became so heavy that they "lodged"and will not be high enough to cut, not sown broadcast, in Florida. I or in situations so protected from frost

he then abandoned the intentionand but judging from the experience of regret now that I did not give my oatsa that they can be ripened early enoughto

will make fair good harrowing early in the spring the of the
left them to rot on the ground. 1886 they a crop. get advantage strictly
Next spring on plowing this orchardhe Many forget about the drough of 1886; and another later-will do it if I ever fancy prices.

found the land in an admirable it was as dry then as now and about broadcast again, but I think hereafterI Strawberries on high pine are earlier

condition, as mellow and light as an this time there was a three-days' "Si- will cultivate in drills. I believe it than those in hammock or flatwoods

ash heap. rocco" which just parched things up. will pay big. Have you never no- and are also sweeter. Irish potatoes

- Still we made good corn, fair oats, ticed when oats come up volunteer in grown on this class of soil are superiorin
fine sweet potatoes and pindars; there a cornfield and get plowed what a flavor and mealiness to those raisedon
Mr. B. H. Alden gives the following
was a good after-season and there luxuriant growth they make? richer land; and, in fact, most vegetables -
striking instance of the value of soft
may be this year. My oats are now OTHER CROPS. are better when produced on
as an ingredient in a
phosphate gar- to head much not over the But the question of
den fertilizer. He prepared a compost commencing Melon vines, both those that escaped uplands.
six inches from the groundSo profit must always be with
with a basis of muck and cow- or eight I the freeze and those planted uppermost
stable to which he added soft they did in '86 and then grew high I after, have been well cultivated and the: truck farmer, whatever the wealthy
manure, make binds. citizen be able to do in small
to good They a
and wetted it all down with enough are as fine as I ever had. may
phosphate in deep and there is garden managed without particular -
were yet any
water in which sulphate of potash had Irish potatoes which were frozen
moisture in the .
been dissolved. Mr. B. Alden pre ground.Of back have been well cultivated, but regard to expense.
I make Under conditions and with
corn generally as goodas ordinary
in the have done no good. Some they
pared a compost same way say
have had following -
but facilities the
never as ordinary marketing
except that he used no soft phosphatebut anybody, will, but I have never had them to do
this time of the classification be made of
good at season (Aprils may
added a larger percentage of the any good after a freeze. Those planted
1)) as now, notwithstanding there has crops which will be found profitableand
manure to serve as an equivalent for after the freeze are just coming throughthe
been but one light shower since it was unprofitable on high pine land
it, as he thought. The two men raised ground; will know what they will
It has been plowed this without irrigation.
celery side by side, giving the same planted. do later.
week for the third time. There has
culture and the same amount of fer- All crops in this neighborhoodwhich PROFITABLE.
been lack of moisture it is of good
tilizer, and harvested and shipped no showed; have been well cultivated are Irish potatoes, sweet potatoes, eggplants

both crops at the same time. The color and has never a signof doing well and give good promise, onions, radishes, strawberries,

celery on which the phosphate com- twisting. whilst those that have not had good watermelons, canteloupes, corn, some

post was used was so much larger than A PRECEDENT., attention are as utter a failure as I varieties of beans, pumpkins, squashes;

the other that fifty-seven dozen filled I speak of these things because I ever saw. and turnips.


;.' .



UNPROFITABLE. soil are promoted by the carbonic gas I I Poultry.' I tried greasing the chickens with I

Cabbage, celery, cauliflower, let- and the oxygen of the air. How nec- axle grease, which not only killed the, J
. tuce beets tomatoes Lima essary, then, that the soil should be fleas but caused them to leave the
peas, ,
Edited by E.W. AMSDEN, Ormond, Fla.
beans, cucumbers, carrots, parsnips, well plowed and well pulverized. chickens after greasing them. The
chicken house was alive with them; I
asparagus, lettuce. Artificial Hatching.I .
.-.-. Classification of Soils. sprinkled dry pine straw about one
have been experimenting in artificial inch thick all over the floor and stuck
Fruit and Truck in South Alabama. I. Sandy soil; such as has at least
hatching for four years, and fire to it, and the crackling of the fleas
Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower. seventy-five per cent. of sand. The
I find something to learn. was listened to by me with delight.
We have just had a nice rain and always
sand be determinedwith
quantity may The heat of the straw killed them all,
we needed it although the middle of !I The regulator on all first-class machines
; considerable accuracy by very and now we have none to get on the
the State was flooded, we were in want simple means. Dry and weigh a pound will keep the temperature about cats and children. .
of rain. Our fruit crop will be large I 1! as it should be, if the machine has Do not put the straw so thick as to
of soil, and put it into a vessel which :
but no LeConte pears; not one to be will hold a gallon or two of water. I i 1 proper attention, and this is a great endanger the chicken house. If the
seen on the trees. Even the Chinese Pour clean water over it and stir it up improvement over the first machine chickens' heads are covered the axle
Quince is without fruit; all killed by thoroughly, then pour the water gradually I' sent out and represented as automatic, grease will kill every one of them and
the cold of March 18-20. Some off. The sand will sink on account which was a misnomer in every sense they will shed off in a few days and
peaches were hurt but all the late of its weight. By repeating the I of the word. The question of moisture new feathers come again. Then clean
blooming sorts and the Keiffer and the washing with portions of clear water, I and ventilation was not considered the chicken house thoroughly, puttingin
older sorts of pears will have a large until the water passes off clear, the I as of as much importance, but we new roosts; and should you fail to
crop. sand alone will be left and may be have found out that a certain amountof kill them all, apply the pine straw
The Botan or Abundance is the only dried and weighed, and the quantityof fresh air is as necessary to a good and axle grease and be entirely rid of
one of the Japan plums that will have sand in a pound of soil determined. hatch, and the only sure way of them.
any fruit and that not much. The 2. A sandy loam is a soil which securing a healthy brood of chickens.For Could I not have got rid of those
Kelsey blooms too early and will sel- contains fifty to seventy-five per cent. without fresh air, you may look miserable pests I would have killed
dom make a crop here. The Botanis of sand, which may be separated and for a puny lot of little ones from which the chickens and burned them, house
a late bloomer but all of the Japan determined as above. you are fortunate if you raise 50 per and all. Any person having those
plums seem to me a little tender in the 3. A clay loam has twenty-five to cent. The manufacturers can give pests has my sympathy.
bud. The Golden Beauty and Way fifty per cent. of sand, and the remainder you instructions how much and how I There is another pest that invadesthe
land were just blooming and are now chiefly clay. little is required, but when it comesto chicken houses and dwellings;
loaded with fruit. It seems to me we 4. A clay soil has less than twenty measuring the amount of moisture nearly every one is familiar with them
ought to take more notice of these five per cent. of sand, the remainder they are lost.I and a description is unnecessary. I
sorts and improve them and plant less chiefly clay. The dark red clay soils have just taken a lot of chicks out refer to the bed bug or chintz. The
of foreign sorts. have a large per cent. of oxide of iron. of the incubator, and every egg that little red or stinging ant will clear them
Our strawberries are not doing what 5. Any soil containing ten per cent. could be hatched brought out a out of an infested house better than
they should. The steady cold of win of lime or more may be considered a chicken, and they are all strong and acids, hot water and other remedies,
ter and dry weather has set them back. limy or calcareous soil, whether the healthy.I and they do not soil the furniture.
And what is worse is the aphis, which remainder be clay or sand, or both. think the secret of my success has Take an old tin can, bucket, gourd or
multiplies so rapidly in dry weather, To determine the amount of carbonate been in giving all the fresh air from anything that will hold sand; fill it up
has taken possession of many plants of lime in the soil heat two ounces first to last that the ventilator would and bury a piece of meat in this can
and, to get rid of this pest, we need of well dried soil on a piece of sheet admit of. This coupled with no and place it beside: an ants' nest, and
several good soaking rains. Amongstthe iron or on an iron ladle till the vegetable moisture until the pipping stage, and in a short time the ants will move up
new sorts on trial Smalley No. 6 matter is burnt out. Then pour then I think the eggs were not dried in the can; put a piece of cloth on topto
will be a profitable berry. Those who over-it a pint of water and add a fluid down as much as experts claim they prevent the ants from stinging and.
have a home market should try Edgar ounce of muriatic acid. The acid will should be. This is determined by the carry it and place it by the bed posts;
Queen; it is large and productive, as dissolve the lime, while it will dissolve air cell, which on the i8th day should catch.one or two chintz and put themin
is also Enhance. Louis Early, a new very little else from the mass. occupy at least one.fifth of the space. the midst of the ants; they will eat
sort from Arkansas, will, I believe, Wash the earth with clear water sev- The atmosphere during the hatch has off every leg he has in an incrediblyshort
become one of our best early shipping eral times, take the remainder, dry been as dry, if not drier, than I have time and soon hunt out every
berries. Have no plants of the above and weigh it, and the loss will be car- ever known it in Florida, no rain and one in the bed, in the house or under
kinds to spare. Later will give reporton bonate of lime. This is but a rude but very little dew. the floor. A few ants may sting the
other sorts. experiment, but near enough for practical From this experiment I concludewe occupants, but their stings are nothingto
Our Irish potato crop will be large; purposes. can use less moisture and more compare with the bite and smell 01
also beans and tomatoes, but late; andI 6. A peaty soil is one which contains fresh air, and we shall have better the chintz. This is an infallible rem-
fear not much money will be realized 20 per cent. of dark, decayed hatches and stronger chickens. You edy, and the writer has seen it repeat
from them. vegetable matter. Such soils are who have not made a success of arti-- edly tried with the results stated. '

JULIUS SCHADELBACH. common in low, swampy places. The ficial hatching try once more, using no There is great satisfaction and much
Grand Bay,Ala.Mechanical. quantity of peat may be determinedby moisture until the twentieth day and sport seeing the ants run the chintz
the matter see that the ventilators for fresh air down and dismember them. ,
burning out vegetable :
Properties of Soils. and ascertaining the loss of weight. I are wide open. Air the eggs at least F C. M. BOGGESS.
The property of absorbing and re- thirty minutes morning and night. If DeSoto County.
taining moisture is important. Clay The Pleasures of Horticulture.The the thermometer outside indicates 70
loams and peaty soils absorb the or more commence airing the second
A Tonicand
largest quantity of moisture and retainit man who makes his thousandsin day. On the seventeenth day air
best, especially those peaty soils a single deal in real estate, who has them two hours, but do not expose -
which have a large excess of organic added nothing intrinsically to the valueof ihem to a low temperature. I alwaysturn
matter in them. Pure clay soils are the land, may, because of his dol- the eggs, put them back in the A Pleasure:
generally too compact, while sandy lars, cut a wide swath in the commu- machine and leave the doors open for
soils are too loose either to absorb or nity; but I count of far greater valueto the length of time I want to air them. That's the happy
retain moisture. On level soil the world one who, through the their .
clay We hope others will give experience combination found in .
the water will'stand, and become stag study of nature's possibilities, bringsout in artificial hatching. By this t
This is the also with an added flower or fruit of valueto other in '
nant. case, means we can help each
sandy or peaty soils, with a clay sub mankind; and while dealers in making it a success from the start. Hires' Root
soil. Under these circumstances draining stocks and%bonds and lumber and E. W. AMSDEN. ; Beer
is necessary. land may laugh in derision at our .
The air should be allowed to circu- enthusiasm over a new peach that fillsa Jigger Fleas and Bed-Bugs.
in the succession of fruits, or You drink it for pleasure, and get
late freely through the soil. It carries place Kditor Farmer and Fruit-Grower:
the elements of plant food containedin a new chrysanthemum with added at- There never were any jiggers knownin physical benefit. A whole-
it to the roots. Carbonic acid gas and tractions of form or color we can in this county until the railroad was some, refreshing appetizing
ammonia are both furnished in this our ecstasy sorrow a little that so few built, and then the black birds, rabbits thirst quenching drink.
way to a considerable extent. It promotes of the people in this world know howto and quail were covered with them, and
the decay of vegetable matter get the highest pleasure out of life soon they got on the chickens, dogs, One package makes five gallons.Don't .
present, and thus again provides food living near to nature's heart. -CHAS. cats, and on the people. I tried many be deceived if a dealer,for the tale
of larger profit, teltiyou some other,UdU :
A. GARFIELD.BEECHJLM'S remedies lime and carbolic .
The chemical including "
for plants. proper 'justas rood '-'tis false.t No ioit adea
changes in the mineral elements of the. PILLS> for a bad Liver. acid, but could not exterminate them. bas goal&I the&snuiae Iita -'t




CONTENTS.Orange cant when we reflect that it occurredin which forms the rim of the basin oc- RECLAMATION.The .

Growers'Convention; 313 a year of extraordinary abundanceof cupied by the glades. This rim is, Everglades are nearly ninety

PARKER: AKD TRUCKEE-Editorial Notes; Practi- deciduous fruits. Our exports of on an average, some twenty feet above miles in length and from thirty to

cal Farm Talks-No. 21; Crops that Pay onHigh apples increased last year about 425 the sea, but occasionally it rises to a fifty in width, comprising an estimatedarea

Pine; 346 much greater height, as on the borderof of 3,600 square miles, or 2,204-
per cent., and of all fruits 207 per the St. Lucie River where the landis
Fruit and Truck In South Alabama;Mechanical 000 acres. When partially inundated

Properties of Soils; Classification> of Soils; cent. at least a hundred feet above the they resemble an immense lake stud-

'The Pleasures of Horticulture; 317POCLTRT I Atlantic. Such, in general terms, are ded with a vast number of islands,
We call the attention of readersto
the Everglades-famous- the world
-Artmclal Hatching; Jigger Flew and varying from a fraction of an acre to

Bed.Bugs; 347 the large advertisement of The S. over. hundreds of acres in extent. These

IDITORUL-Notes;The Everglades; S43MAHKXTB B. Hubbard Co. in this issue. Thisis VEGETATION.To islands have a very rich soil, and

: 34S one of the oldest and most reli- be more particular in our description when reclaimed are well adapted to

The Future for Farmers;Work and Wages; 349 able mercantile establishments in it may be said that the the growth of plantains and bananas,
OCR YOUNG FOLKS-Putting Out Bird's E>es;Man-
Everglades are covered with a dense but in their wild state are generally
Eating Sharks 330( Jacksonville and the largest hard
; ,
growth of grass from three to eight covered with dense thickets of shrubbery .
STATE NEWS-Items; 350 ware concern south of Baltimore. feet high. On its eastern borders are and vines, and occasionally with
OCE Rv.&a. HOME-Sick Transit For Mothers A
; ;
They keep a very large stock of innumerable islands, from a few rodsto pines and palmettos. Lake Okeecho.
Plea for the Liberal Use of Butter; The Cold
Process; Recipes; 351: everything in their line, and can and a few acres in extent, and covered bee is 22 feet above the level of the
with a dense growth of tropical trees, ocean.
Thin the Bunches; Clean Grove Culture;BurnIng do fill all orders promptly.
with an undergrowth of cotton-plum The reclamation of millions of
up Orange Trees; .351 many
The"Die-Back Question"Again; 353:) The Everglades.This bushes and grape vines. These islandsare acres, containing some of the most

Tomato Culture; Sal; mystery of our old school geographies very fertile and are the homes of valuable sugar lands in the United

THE FARMERS ALLIANCE-Legislation In the Interest seems to be about to vanish the remnant of the Seminole Indians, States, with suitable climatic condi-

of Capital;The Pleasures of Farming; away as completely as the "Great who grow corn, tobacco, sugar cane, tions for the successful growth of all

Farmers Should Stand Together; .354 American Desert" did before the tread beans, pumpkins, sweet potatoes and tropical fruits, would be the harbingerof

Tanning with Palmetto; 355 of the explorer. A railroad magnateand bananas. They are rapidly improving an era of population, wealth and

Watermelons; 356 two companions have "walked" in civilization, dress well, have horses, prosperity unthought of in the past

(waded would probably be correct for cattle and hogs, and speak English. history of the State.

STEPHEN: POWERS, Editor. the most part) from Ft. Myers to Miami They have houses built and have large
P. O. Address Lawtey, Fla. fields where raise
they corn for sale.
being twenty one days on the
A single Indian has been known to ]
We may remind our readers that road. We are told that "the Ever- jtsi
sell in a single season bushels of
glades consist of clear water one to 125 """"' -
last year Mr. Ed. Rumley stated in two teet deep and soft muck in which corn. They are perfectly friendly and JACKSONVILLE: FLA., May 4.

our columns that orange trees plantednear they were often mired. The water is will give you the best they have to FRUITS AND V1G ttT ABLES.

camphor trees were free from dotted with islands covered with saw- eat if you go to their homes. The [Corrected to date by Marx Bros ]
most of them still live in the These are quotations. Extra choice
Big average
scale while on which rested and
others at a distance were grass they ate lots fetch prices above top quotations, while poor
slept. The traveled three or four Cypress, where there is plenty of good lots sell lower.
badly infested. party hammock land and abundant.The Oranges bright............eo........'2.25 to 2.50
i days in the hot sun without seeing a game russet........................ 1.75102.50
tree." lima bean is here perennial and 41 Indian River................ 2.50103.00
We would commend to the
Lemons, Ha---------------------------
That part of the peninsula of Florida bears continually for a number of Messina: ............ ......... 2.00103.00 3.00
politicians of Jacksonville Ingersoll'scaustic years. Limes, 100........... ................. .50
that lies south of 28 of north latitude, Grape fruit, barrel.................... 2.00 to 3.00
speech: "A politician is a declines toward the center in the form ELEVATION. box .................. i.ootoi.75
Pineapples, crate.................. 7.00 to 8.00
man who wants the people to do of a dish, the border of which is raised The Everglades are really an expansion Banauas, bunch.....eo..... .....eo.eo.... ?-.23t01.75
for him is toward the Near Florida of Lake Okeechobee. Duringthe Apples barrel......................... 3-50(03.75
something ; a statesman a coast. Cape Cranberries crate..................... 2.50
man who wants to do for this border is from 12 to 20 miles from rainy season the lake has no out Potatoes, new. barrel................ 4.00105.00
something let from the sweet bushel..... ..........
the beach. It is formed of streams flowing
the sea the except Florida cabbage good demand, bbl.. 2.00 to zz3
people. same calcareous rock which skirts the from the glades. The lake is eighteenfeet Onions, crate......................... 1.50
Turnips, barrel........................ 1.50
The C. F. T. Company have forwarded Gulf of Mexico as far west as the and the Everglades near Biscayne Beets, ". ................ ....... 2.2
River. This seven feet above the tide water. Carrots ..... ............. ...... 2.50
basin is Bay
a carload of tomatoes from Apalachee vast Parsnips .......... .............. 2.50
filled with marshes, wet savannas, in- They are underlaid with a soft lime- I Radishes dozen....... ................ .40
Winter Haven to New York to to Cucumbers dozen eo 50 to .75
go tersected by extensive lakes and la- stone, covered over with a rich vegetable Celery .. ........ ............... 50 to .60
Liverpool, and more will follow. The forming a labyrinth which mold from six inches to three Egg Plants{ each....... ............. .10 to.12}
goons, Beans crate ......... ................. 1.50102.00
company guaranteed the net New taken together, is called the Ever- feet deep. In some places the rocks Peas, crate. ....... ............ ...... i.GO to 1.50
out the surface. the Strawberries...... ................... .10 to .12
York price of the day when the glades. It is drained on every side crop on During Cauliflower............................ i.ooto zoo
by rivers of different dimensions. The dry season the water nearly disap. Lettuce not wanted
steamer sails.Through in the it is Tomatoes............................. 1.25102.00
St. Johns drains it on the north; the pears ; rainy season from

-the-*efforts- Saint Lucie, Greenville, Jupiter, New two to four feet deep and is very cool, Hens.......POULTRY............AND......EGGS.........$ .40 to .45
of Mr. E. L. Rattonez, and Miami on the east; and clear and pure. Fish, terrapin and Roosters....;.......................... .30to .35
Goodsell it is stated the soft shell turtle found in Broilers..................... .. .... .2510 .30
so rates on Snake, Swallow, Caloosahatchee and are glades. Turkeys.............................. i.ooto 1.25
California deciduous fruits have been Macaco on the west. Behind Cape Ducks...................... .........., .45 to .60
DRAINAGE.It Geese................................. .50 to .75
reduced from $2.50 per hundred Florida the glades approach within 12 has been found by the surveys Eggs................................... .16
miles of the coast. The inlets
pounds for expedited service to $1.50 may made by the War Department and
here be ascended in one day, notwith- FLORIDA FRUIT EXCHANGE BULLETIN.
officers of the land that the
per hundred. The Californians are standing the swiftness of the currents. survey JACKSONVILLE: FLA., April 29.
whole bed of the has
Everglades an
greatly rejoiced. With this number our semi-weekly
TilE INTERIOR. elevation much above the level of the
Bulletins cease until the opening of an-
It is estimated that fully two hun- On reaching the level of the glades, ocean, and the practicability of drain other season.:

dred a vast grass meadow is expanded, ap ing this vast region is now a matter \Vo will avail ourselves of this oppor-
people perished during parently boundless as the ocean. about which there can be very little tunity to state that during the season of

recent cyclones in Kansas and Ne You then pass on to the winding la- question. The accomplishment of 1891!) and to '92 have we our have Bulletins at all times endeavored to-

braska. This is certainly worse than goons 6 to 12 miles westwardly, and such a work would make available for our correspondents true information convey as

our Florida drouth, which is excep-- the grass by degrees disappears, and the purpose of agriculture over to the actual condition of the orange

tional, while the cyclones in those you are left in a lake, to which you 3,000,000 acres of the finest bodyof markets, prices, etc., and we hope they
can discover no bounds. The grassy land in the United States. These have aided to some extent those who received -
States are seasonal. them. Our issues will be
borders of this lake are usually cov- lands can be drained and prepared for
J lesumed as soon as the shipping season
For the eight months ending with ered with water during the winter the plow for less money per acre thanit reopens and we propose to improve the

season; not so deep, however, as to costs to clear timber land. Sugar Bulletins very materially. Those who
February the United States imported hide the grass, which is very thick and plantations can be made here for one- desire their names to remain on the

lemons to the value of $2,474,513, tall. During the summer, the groundis half the money required in Louisiana, receipt mailing, otherwise list are requested they will to notify be stricken us on

against $2,072,164 for the corresponding often dry and hard for ten miles with the additional advantage that the oft said list.Owing .

period the year before. But the from the timber land. This tract is Everglades are free from frost and are to the limited quantity of fruit

at all times stocked with game. the natural home of that plant. The we omitted the Tuesday issue of this
importations of oranges fell off from week. Sales during the week show prices
The border of savanna and prairie lands, when once reclaimed, will pro-

, $1,104,387 to $488,238. Thisincreasein land which skirts the Everglades duce all the products of the East and realized First sale-Car as follows No.: 34G1 sold 2.10 to

lemon importations is very signifi- passes gradually into rocky pine land, I West Indies. 3.55, average 3.06. Car No. 2952 solda48




1.50 to 3.30 average 2.07. Car No. 354 and active, with prices ranging 3.50 to I' The practical application of the workof Work and Wasres.
sold 1.60 to 3.55, average 2.94. 4.50 per box for choice solid fruit of desirable the Weather Bureau of the Department At the recent meeting of the learned
Second sale-Sold 480 boxes at 1.87 to sizes,.while large sizes sell fairly I of Agriculture by farmers themselves British Association there was a discussion -
3.87, average 2.74. Receipts for week well at 2.50 to 3. is becoming more and more ap of
I Just after of the cold of the difference in the wages
6,300 boxes. Grape Fruit-Fancy bright wanted at parent. one waves
Third sale-Car No. 2800 sold 2.60 to 2.25 to 2.75 per box, while russets and or- which passed over the South not long men and women doing the same work.
3.50, average 3.15. Car No. 2208 sold dinary are neglected. ago, the following telegraphic dispatch The conclusion seemed to be that thereis
2.75 to 3.60, average 3.30. Car-No. 492 REDFIELD & SON. appeared in a Memphis (Tenn.) paper no great difference, after all, and
1.80 to 4.30, average 3.24. telling of the frost in Mississippi: '"Nodamage therefore not much to discuss.
Fourth sale-592 boxes sold 1.50 to 3.87, resulted to tomato plants, as
average 2.79. WASHINGTON, D. C., April 28. growers were warned by cannon firingon The same matter is debated now

Fifth sale-Car No. 6389 sold 3.30 to 126-200, Florida, bright, fancy, thin receipt of Weather Bureau report. and then in this country. All right-
3.90, average 3.74. Car No. 664 sold 2.40 skin,3.50 to 4.50126-200; Florida, bright, Prospects are still good for over 2,000 thinking people will agree that a womanis
to 3.80, average 3.35. 3 to 3.50126-200, Florida, bright russets, acres in at this point." Being warned a entitled to the pay which a man
Total shipments to date over 3,600,000 heavy: 3 to 4; Florida grape fruit, as to full day ahead of the coming freeze, the would receive for the work
boxes. quality, 2 to 3; Florida grape fruit. as to truckers hud time to protect their crops. same ,
quality, per bbl., 4 to 6; N. C. strawberries ,-*-. equally well done.Nevertheless .
SAVANNAH, May 3. 25 to 40c; Carleston strawberries, 30 The Future for Farmers. this does not mean

Oranges-Bright, 2,50; russet, 2.00. to 40c; cabbage, Florida, 2 to 2.50; cab- The American Agriculturist is of that Alice Jones, who is a clerk in

Pineapples, crate. 4.00 to 5.00; bananas, bage, Charleston, 2 to 2.75; potatoes, opinion, after research and conserva- Rupert & Co.'s dry goods store, and
bunch, 1.25 to 1.75; potatoes, barrel, 4.00 Irish, new, per bbl., 7 to 8; potatoes, American beside
tive investigation that who stands at the counter James
Irish seconds bbl.. 5 to 6 ,
to 5.00; cabbage, barrel, 2.50 to 2.75; per ; potatoes,
onions, crate, 1.00; tomatoes, crate, 1.75; Irish, culls, per bbl.,3 to 3.50; egg plants, farmers, as a class, are more prosperous Stark, should have the same weekly
cucumbers, crate, 3.00; celery dozen, per bbl., 8 to 10; beets, per bushel-box, and in a better condition to.day, wages as he. It is the universal cus-

.50; egg plants, dozen, .50; beans, crate, 1.50 to 1.75; beans, round, bushel-box, 3 both mentally and financially, than tom to put more work and heavier
2.00 to 2.25 cauliflower, crate, 1.50 to 5; beans, flat, bushel-box, 2.50 to 4;
; ; they were one year ago. There is upon the men, and usually the greater
Charleston bushel-box 1 1.50
strawberries .12 to .15. peas, to ;
KAVANAUOH & BRENNAN. peas, N. C., 1.75 to 2.50; squash, white, thus a most hopeful outlook for farmers responsibility is laid on them. )
bushel-box, 150; tomatoes, bushel-box or during the year before us. The country Moreover, it is a matter of com

ATLANTA, May 3. crate, 2.50 to 5. generally is prosperous and affluent, mon experience that men are less fre-

Oranges, 2.50 box; lemons, 4.00; co- E. J. ADAMS & Co. which means that the people have a quently compelled by illness to be

coanuts, 4 to 4.50 per 100; bananas, good purchasing power. Where absent from their work, and their

fancy, 2.00 to 2.25; strawberries, 20c.; BOSTON MARKET. farmers can find markets close to hand, power of endurance is, in general,

potatoes, 4.50 to 6.00; sweet, 1.10; Egyptian onions are sold at 3.25 to 3.75 they generally obtain more remuner- greater.

onions, bushel, 1.25; yellow Denver, per bag of about two bushels, and Ber- ative prices than if t fcompelled to ship This is not all, for while it takes
3.25; cabbage, Florida, 3c. pound; turn- mudas are plenty at 2.25 per crate. Small
ips, 1.90 barrel; Florida tomatoes, scullions sell at 30 cts. per dozen bunches. their produce abroad. It is thus to one man to marry one woman, the
1.75; beans, crate, 1.75 to 2.50; peas, Parsley is 1.75 per box. From Florida the interest of all farmers to help man usually continues at his employment -

1.75; lettuce, 2.50 to 3.00 barrel; cauli- and Savannah are new cabbages at 3.00 build up their own particular sections, after marriage, while the woman

flower, crate, 1.75; celery, 65 to 75c. per crate, cauliflowers at 5.00 per dozen, thereby providing markets at their does not. It follows that a man,
dozen. peas at 2.00, and string beans very scarceat fail lack- and to learn
own doors. If these or are being more likely to stay
8.00 crate. Egg plants sell at 1.25
MACON, GA., May 3. to 1.75 per per crate; small summer squashesat ing, we have the world before us, and the ins and outs of trade, is worth

These are average quotations; extra 4.00 to 4.50 a crate; okra at 1.50 for a we believe that the exports of our more to an employer than a woman

lots a little higher; poor lots sell much basket holding about four quarts or less; domestic produce in the prospectiveseason who may marry and leave him at any

lower: Oranges, bright, 176 to 200s,2 to salsify at 1.50 per dozen bunches and will approximate even those of i time.It.
2.50; bright russet, 1.85 to 2; pineapples, green peppers at 50 cents per dozen. the unprecedented season just completing. I follows also that in any employ-
in market Irish Winter squash are 1.25 per 100 pounds;
none yet; new potatoes
This seem a rash conjecture ment where men and women are at
cucumbers are 7.00 to 8.00 hundred. may
per barrel 5.50; cabbage, 40 heads and per
over per crate, 2.50; beans, per bushel Hothouse tomatoes sell at 35 cents a but let us analyze it. work together the average experienceof
crate, 2.25: to 2.50; peas, per bushel i pound and the Southern at 15 cents. We have still available all the mar- the men is the greater.
crate, 1.50; cauliflower, large heads, cab- Norfolk and Savannah send some asparagus kets that have heretofore been open to These facts do not excuse unfair-
bage crate, 4.25; Itomatoesr Misheljcrate, at 5.00 to 8.00 per dozen bunches. and to a extent for ness in giving to men and
us even greater wages
1.50 strawberries 12 toIocT Some of it is of good size, and some of it
; per is "fine" as lead pencils or finer. Old one of the results of low prices is a women: but they do explain away some

potatoes sell at 50 to 60 cents a box anda larger consumption, and, when people. things that seem unfair, and that turn
BOSTON, April 27. few Bermudas at 5.00 to 7.00 a barrel. once become accustomed to consum out not to be so.
We sold today 592 boxes of oranges Florida strawberries, 40 to 45 cents per i .
American they will continue -* ---r.
from $1.50 to 3.87%, with an average of quart; Havana pineapples, 20 to 35 cents ing products,
$2.79; market strong. We think really each; Florida oranges. 40 to 50 cents per to demand them, even if pricesbe For Sick Headache
bright, fancy Grape Fruit would sell wellon i I dozen; domestic hothouse grapes,8.00 per higher, because the quality was Use Ilorgford'g Acid Phonphate.
this market; we had only one box of pound; egg plants, 25 to 50 cents each; satisfactory. In addition, we have a Dr. M. W. GRAY, Cave Spring, Ga.,

this grade to-day, which brought$2.87%. mushrooms, 1.50 per pound; water cress, large number of new markets openedto says: "I have used it with perfect
BLAKE & RIPLEY. 5 to 10 cents per bunch; new onions, 10 sick headache."
us through the reciprocal trade relations success in habitual
cents per pound; Bermuda and Cuba
onions, 10 cents per pound; Bermuda that have but recently been es .
PIIILADELPIIIA, April 30. potatoes, 75 cents to 1.00 per peck; tablished. Heretofore such markets, Poultry as Insect Destroyers.

Tomatoes-The arrivals are insufficientto chi\"es,25 to 50 cents per bunch; green with their millions of people creatinga The hens, geese, turkeys, ducks '
supply our rapidly increasing demand peppers, 25 to 35 cents per dozen; Southern service in
and prices are very firm; fancy, 6 baskets cauliflower, 25 to 35 cents each.- large consumptive demand, were and guineas perform more
per carrier, 4.50 to 5.00; do. choice, Am. Cultivator.NEW practically closed by the high tariffs the destruction of insects than may be
3.50 to 4; fair to good, 3 to 3.25; bushel imposed upon our productions, but supposed. Not only are the insects

crates, choice to fancy, 3 to 4.50, accord- we now enter them as a favored nation sought on every spot where they may
ing to size and condition; fair to good, 2
and at an advantage over our competitors be hidden, but they are scratched up
to 2.50, with culls and ordinary ranging Strawberries still sell at high prices.
down to 1 to 1.50. South Carolina berries are bringing 50 in the world's food supply. out of the ground and brought to the

Cabbage-The receipts light,and when and 60c a quart and Northern hothouse The European demand for American surface. The guinea and turkey are
choice,solid and well packed meets with berries $1 a cupful. Cuban pineapplescost produce also bids fair to continueits destroyers of the insects that infest the
ready sale at 2.50 to 2.75, with large and 25:>> to 50c each: grape fruit, 10 to 15c moments' observa-
large proportions. Even with average fields, and a few
poorly packed cabbage ranging from 2 each; California Navel oranges, 60 and
to 2.25. 75c a dozen; Messina blood oranges, 50ca crops on the Continent, Europewill tion will convince the farmer that theyare
New Potatoes-When choice and well dozen, and small Valencias, 20 for 25c. be far from making up her depleted valuable aids to him. The dis-

assorted sell readily at 7 to 8 per bbl.; Cold weather in .the South retards the reserves, and may be expectedto tended crop of a fowl will contain

choice seconds, 5 to 6; culls, 3 to 4. season for spring vegetables two or three be a free buyer of our products of half a pint of the substances eaten,
String Beans-Very scarce, and when weeks, and prices are high. Asparagusfrom
and in proportionis
choice tender will sell quick at 5 to 6 per Charleston costs 50 and 75c a bunch; 1892.We many cases a large
crate, while ordinary stock is ranging Southern green peas are worth 1 to 1.25a need only a favorable seasonto of insects. The crop is filled sev-

down as low as 1.50 to 2, as to quality. peck; string beans, 30c a quart; insure success, and up to the present eral times during the day, and if we
Cucumbers-If choice sell readily at 6 Charleston lettuce sells for 7c a head, time the indications are decidedly give credit to a large flock it will be

. to 7 per crate; ordinary, 3 to 4. and Southern Romaine lettuce, lOc; cel- favorable. With careful cultivationon noticed that many bushels are con
Squash-Doing better, and if choicecan ery from the market gardens of LoUIs-
now be readily placed at 2 to 2.25 iana costs lOc a root; New cabbages the part of the farmer, the growingand sumed in a week. All classes of

per crate. from Florida are worth 10 and 15c head; harvesting of good crops, we an- poultry prefer insects to other foods.CONSUMPTION. .
Beets-Unlessvery choice won't pay new Bermuda beets cost 30c a dozen; ticipate that there will be no difficultyin

to ship, selling.75 to 1.25 per crate. new carrots from Florida and South Carolina finding a good and profitable mar
Egg Plants-Are very scarce and 15 to 20c a quart; Southern cauli-
Too much of
wanted at 8 to 12 per barrel when choice; flowers sell for 40 to 50c a head, and im- ket for our produce. .
not wanted ported French cauliflowers, 60c. almost any of our crops can be grown, I hire a poatire remedy for the above dueue by Its
poor 20 of lamb increased nee thousands of cues of the wont kind and of Jlta.Ddmg
Strawberries-Refrigerator stock to Forequarters ; Southern spring but if only a normal acreageis
hare been cured. Indeed itroog is fait>*
30c. We don't advise further shipments sell> for 1 50 and hind quarters about 2 devoted to the principal staples, In its efficacy thAt I will send TWO DOTTLU ratz my,9nh
- ventilated crates. each. These will weigh about five or six result. a VALUABLE TREATISE on this diaeaae to any At-
there is fear to the -
Florida Oranges-Arriving only in pounds to the quarter.-American Cultivator no as ferer who will teal: me their Express and P.O.addrMS
moderate quantities and market strong April 30. American Agriculturist. T. .&. Blocam, M. c.. 183 Pearl St., N: T.





our Y oun Fol s. ory is not evident. But we have seen The crop of pines from his Elliott Key mines are situated six miles south of
them taking menhaden in the side of the
will him and the kaolin deposit
plantation net nearly ten Leesburg, a large -
mouth while in the
upright swimming thousand season.Biscayne is fine. Kaolin is Lake
dollars this
position, shaking the head like a dog very to
Putting Out Bird's Eyes. until the sharp teeth cut off a portion of Bay items in Tropical Sun. county what phosphate is to Citrus

Mr. Angell, in the November numberof suitable size and afterward picking up county, and "there's millions in it."
Our Dumb Animals, quotes from an the remainder of the fish, provided some Daytona has shelled roadways -Leesburg Commercial.
account in Wide Awake of a lady in other shark had not captured it.Forestand 12,600 feet in length, 15 feet wide

Florence who called attention one day to Stream. and 10 inches deep. This is a good Florida has many beautiful bodiesof
the mournful notes of some birds in .
small cages. They were blind. Their record to lay before their constituentsIt water, but their greatest at-

eyes had been put out. In the night the J'iews. is an immense work accomplishedwith tractions are due to being in Florida. :

owners take the birds outside the city gtate the funds in their hands, without In any other State of our Union they

and hang the cages in trees ; the trees __ -- oJ increase of the levy.-Halifax Jour would seem of small importance.The .
are smeared with tar. The birds go on A Baltimore merchant estimatesthat nal. climate is what lends enchant-
with their pitiful singing, and this at-
tracts other birds, who get stuck in the Florida ships 150,000 dozen pine- The oat crop at St. Francis is looking ment to the hundred bays, lakes,

tar, and. then they are caught and their apples to that city. well and the yield promises to bea sounds and rivers of Florida, and the

eyes are put out. These birds are killed The government bounty on sugar is fair one. A considerable quantityof latitude is what secures climatic beauties .

and sent. to"The America smaller to be and worn more in beautiful ladies'bonnets. $3,850,000 in Louisiana, $141,000 in corn is being planted, and the corn of air and scenery, so that bodyof

birds are not shot, but snared and' Texas, and $7,774 in Florida. and oats, together with the hay crop, water which is nearest the sun is

flayed alive, so that the feathers may re- The Indian River Advocate pub will give the horses and mules lots of the spot where the "Florida" featuresare
tain a firmer hold on the skin. It is estimated fall. St. Francis most emphasized.OHS A. MACDONALD -
good feeding next -
that hundreds of thousands of 77 real estate transfers in Bre-
in the Sun.
these are so treated every year." Margery\ vard county for the month of March. Facts.A Juno

Deane, in the Boston Beacon, wrote as Over 900 bales of tobacco have meeting of the orange growers in An experienced farmer of this
follows : "And this very minute, all the interest of the and
been the Orange Vegetable the
this the imported through Tampa county expressed opinion to a reporter -
over Italy, goes on; woman
takes her ornament from her hair and custom house so far this month.- Auction Company or Home of the News yesterday, that the

pierces the eyes of the sweetest and most Tampa Tribune. Market, will be held in Gainesville crops of the present year will be the

harmless of God's creatures that we may Local rains are reported in May 12. It is expected that the Central best that have been grown in Escam-
adorn our turns their of joy many house will be
persons song
packing system fully
bia for He
into lamentationtheir sunshine into dark- places over the State from Lee countyto county many years past.
ness, their gladness to pain. American Pensacola. But the great majorityof discussed and perhaps locations for says that the dry spell of the past three

women who have hearts so tender they places arc still suffering from the some cf them will be selected, if the weeks has been of great benefit to

could not step upon a worm or kill a but- drouth. growers lend their co-operation. Eng-- the farmers in giving them an oppor-

terfly are guilty of a thoughtless crueltyand lish shipments will be discussed.Mr. tunity to thoroughly cultivate the
make an industry jxjssible and profit- Messrs. Holton & Cook have boughtover
able by blindly following a fashion. It is 1,200 acres of land near DeFuniak W. H. Towles has purchasedMr. growing crops and prepare them for

wholly thoughtless, for no woman in our Springs to be used for pastures. S. Summerlin's herd of cattle, the rains to follow. Another reason

land. could deliberately allow creaturesto They also purchased the McCollummill numbering between four and five lor his prediction is found by him in
be blinded,snared and slaughtered for the methods of
improved agriculturewhich
thousand head and Mr. Summerlinand
and other property.-Metropolis. ,
of head
the gratification ornamenting her
son Rolla are now on the have lately been adopted by
for a few weeks. How can such a one range I
teach her children to be kind dumb or Mr. A. F. Roby showed us a Pal- gathering them for delivery. This is Escambia's farmers.-Pensacola News.

singing creatures, while they see upon meron rose Saturday which was a the second large purchase made by
Lake Iamonia is dry again. A :
It measured inchesin
her very garments soug birds murderedfor beauty. eighteen Mr. Towles lately, and it looks as
a whim. The world is full of lovely circumference. Tallahassee beats reporter came across Mr. Wyche
he had full faith in the cattle
things for the adornment of lovely the world for pretty flowers. -Tall a- though Linton in the Express office yesterday
without the of I industry in South Florida.-Ft. Myers
women affixing glass eyes hasseean. shipping a live alligator to a Northern
in stuffed birds to set upon her head as a Press.
of her Articles friend. He says that all the water
crown thoughtless cruelty. of incorporation of the
The little tufts of feathers which have Jacksonville, Alecia and Woodlawn Cabbage is not as scarce as many has disappeared through the outlet in

been so much worn are taken from the and people have been led to believe. It the center of the basin as it did before
Transportation Farming Co. are
beautiful egrets or smaller herons, who is estimated that there are somewhere when the lake went dry. Hunters are
being formed by several prominent
wear them only during the breedingseason.
between and acres of having considerable shooting
It is known that the bird hun- citizens, with a capital stock of $25- 1,000 1,500 sport
ters of Florida kill the birds while they ooo.-Times-Union. cabbage in good condition within a 'gators. Numbers of them, some

. are rearing their young, because of the radius of a few miles of Gainesville.If quite large, are found in the different

greater beauty of the plumage at that During the last winter Florida the prevailing prices are maintained, holes that still contain a foot or two

season, and leave the little ones to starveto farmers have saved more bacon than a vast amount of money will be circulated of water. Fish and turtles are, of

death. An American ornithologist, usual, and they are removing their in Alachua before but
writing recently from that State to the county, resultingfrom course, not so plentiful as ,
Auk, says : "Plume hunters have destroyed smokehouses from Chicago. The low the sale of cabbage.-Gaines- the darkies are carrying away all they

about all the Florida rookeries.I price of cotton has much to do with ville Sun. care for. It is doubtful if the lake

saw one whole wagonload of scapular it.-Lake City Reporter. Rev. J. F. Richmond was in Lees will ever again be what it once was.

plumes of Ardea wardi at one point. It Ocean freight on phosphate has -Times Enterprise.LADIES.
burg Wednesday and made us a
is a burning shame and it would make ...
your heart ache to hear the wails of the been reduced (from twenty-four to pleasant call. The doctor is one of a .

starving young birds whose parents have sixteen and seventeen shillings per rich company that is preparing to
Needing tonic, or children who wart
been killed. build
At Fernandina the
> ., recently mine Palatlakaha kaolin. The ma- ink up, should takennowS
Man-Eating Sharke. steamer Glenisle loaded a cargo of chinery is in place and everything is lltOX BITTERS.
It Is pleasant to take, cures Malaria. Indijestton -
The true man-eating! shark (Carcharo- 2,600 tons in about sixty hours. about ready to commence work. The Biliousness and Liver Complaints.

don carcnanas) is rarely seen on our More poultry will be raised in this .
coast. This species grows to the lengthof --
of Florida this than in
twenty-five feet and to the weight of part year any OFPARESSli
former, and prices are said to be.good.
one ton, being surpassed in size only by
the basking sliark. It is a relative of More real profit is derived from poul-

the enormous shark whose teeth occur try than in small capital invested in

fossil in the phosphate beds of South any other way on the farm.LakeCity
Carolina. Any shark measuring nine or .
ten feet in length is liable to be called a Reporter.

man-eater, and not without warrant, for A moss factory is to be establishedat
all of them will attack man with slight Tallahassee, by Mr. A. L. Wood (CO.\75UJlPTI04V OF TIlE BRAIN). TIlE BRAIH (from a photograph).
provocation or when suffering from In Healthy Condition. With Paresis Lcilon
A few days Mr. Willard ward. He will put in a boiler and dizziness. dimness
hunger. ago Restlessness,a feverish feeling sleeplessness,periodic headaches, orvlion.
Nye, of New Bedford, Mass., was attempting engine, which will run his cane millas ringing in the ears difficulty in Chinking, tronble in remembering names and the lace even of
to feed a small dusky shark at well as the moss gins. His plant. friends. The victim of Paresis is often shocked or annoyed by little noises and trifling things.
The nervous system Is often in such condition that very slight causes,or even no cause at all,
Woods Holl with the meat of clam.-
a ing of sugarcane has been largely in- may excite to sudden outbursts of anger. A feeling: of pressure! upon the brain Is frequently
He had a theory that the animal would creased this season.Informant.Hon. followed by seasons of despondency,mental depression alternating with periods of wild,illusive
turn before taking the food and wouldbe hopes. When the brain begins to consume or decay,many of these symptons become aggravated.The .
slow in its movements; but to his W. D. Albury has moved into world seems strange or different[ from what it was in the past, thought becomes a. positive
surprise the shark snapped sidewise "as effort and life an intense burden. .
took the clam and his new and comfortable two story The system needs soothing, toning, and building up. SomethinguntIUAl Is demanded.
quick as .lightning, residence; it looms up grandly on the \nd hero is where the great difficulty has always been to find something pure and yet positive
three fingers of the hand that fed it. when he his investigation
:1 Its remits. The late Prof Phelps of Dartmnuth College realized this began -
Other sharks in the pool, attracted by fcig bluff overlooking the Bay. Mr. which resulted in the discovery of Paine's Celery Compound. He knew men and
the sight of blood, dashed up to the edge Albury is a fair specimen of our citizens women required something heretofore unknown to the world,and his great discovery baa furnl -
and would have made serious work if 'hed it. This compound checks Paresis even nfterlt has secured a foothold In the system.
a Island descent
of Bahama a 1 aken on the approach of tho first symptoms, It will positively prevent their Increase. Its high
victim had been within reach. The notion people who have turned the rocky endorsements by the medical fraternity and the cures it is all ting easily account for its wonderful -
that sharks always roll over when popularity and the unusual stir It has caused in this community.
food is deeply rooted in the islets in these southern waters into
taking popu-
lar mind, but the foundation of this the the most valuable farms in America. DIAMOND DYES. are Strongest, Simplost, FAstest.




S wealthier classes these rules prevail at But the "self sealing" jars are so con- bunches. Then there is much time
Oup Ifopal Jlome. table and at schools and at venient that
public most housekeepers preferto and expense saved when we go to
boarding establishments they receive use them rather than the old fash- bagging them; and this we must do,

Sick Transit.This strong reinforcements from economical ioned stone jars.-Miss PARLOA.Recipes. as we have formidable enemies in the

motives. Minute allowances of o curculio and other insects. Near my
is the state of man; to-day he puts forth butter served .
are out to those who vineyard is an apiary of near a hun
The tender of blossomsOf
roots habit to-morrow
; would gladly consume five times the STUFFED ONIo cs.Parboil half a dozen dred beehives, full of industrious little
the and
same keeps on blossomingAnd
largo onions in cold water take out
Where the house.
quantity. income
taking deeper root, until at last the centers, fill with a stuffing made of yellow-handed workers that know what
It takes more work to move him from his corner makes this a matter of necessity, thereis cold chicken, cold boiled ham chopped, grape juice is. I will not admit thata
Than it does to stir a house dog from the rug little more to be said than that it is
minced little bee
parsley, a grated bread, a can puncture the skin of an or:
Before the fire.Thenwhen a costly economy. Enfeebled health tablespoonful of butter, with pepper and: dinary grape; but when the birds,
he thinks, ,
good man
easy easily entail a far heavier salt; lay the onions in a pan; cover with
His ways are settled for all time- may expense thin slices of pork, sprinkle with a teaspoonful wasps and yellow-jackets begin, the
Some and than a more liberal breakfast table I bees follow and will wind the
busy woman comes along says: each of salt and sugar,add four soon up
"Please more about six inches till I run would have done. Cod liver oil costs tablespoonfuls of meat gravy or soup I crop of a small vineyard. Spraying
The sweeper o'er the place your chair has been." more than butter, and it is often not stock, cover closely and set over a slow I I do not like. Others may do it, but
And lo, he splits the air with lamentations, resorted to until too late. Instead of fire. When the onions are tender take not I.
"Loud,and deep,and shrill; restricting a child's consumption of up, remove the pork, strain and skim the .
lie cries, there is no rest this side of Paradise over the onions and serve.
butter I would it. Let the I gravy pour Clean Grove Culture.
For a poor man, weary and worn with moving encourage CAULIFLOWER FRITTERS.-Parboil the .
round limit_ be the power of digestion and the cauliflower until tender put in cold Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower:

Out of the way of sweepers, tendency to b ll ousness. Most children water, break in pieces, dip each piece in Extract {from your article headed
And wishes he were dead. may be allowed to follow their cream sauce, set aside until cold, then "Studying Florida" reads as follows:
0, how wretched is that man who cannot sit
In last year's dust and grime poor until this year own inclinations, and will not take dip in egg batter and fry in boiling lard; "An acute observer, though he was

Shall be two years ago last year I more than is good (for them. The butter garnish with fried parsley. not born or bred a farmer, told the
And when he dies, his hope and comfort is, should be of the best and taken cold. CABBAGE PUDDING.-Boil a head of writer that after two years' active cul-
He will be laid in dirt, never to move again. Bread toast biscuits cabbage until very tender, mash, season tivation of which for
dry potatoes with pepper and salt; mix, to a half- a grove some
-ROBERT Journal.J. BURDETTE in May Indies' Home and rice are good vehicles Children gallon pudding-dish of cabbage, four occult reason would not flourish, it

well supplied with butter feel the cold eggs, an ounce of butter and a quart-of took him three days listening at a

For Mothers.Do less than others, and resist the influ- nfilk; set in stove and take.BEETFrTTERs.Takelargo. meeting of the Horticultural Societyand

enza better. They do not'"catch cold"so beets,wash a yeai's subsequent thinking and
not, I beg of you, try to make clean and boil tender; when cold slice.
In of children I convince him that clean
easily. speaking watching, to
Slice and
little woman 'lady-like." Na- raw onions thin, scald them
your by no means intend to exclude other dry; lay a slice of onion between two culture of an orange grove in Floridais
ture will do that in spite of you. Of ages, especially young adults. Grownup slices of beet, sprinkle with pepper and radically wrong." May I be per-

course you will teach her good man- persons, however, take other ani- salt, dip in egg batter and fry in boiling mitted to render a new version: An

ners, as you do your sons, but let her mal fats more freely than most children lard.BEAN acute observer, though not born or
do, and, besides, are allowed CROQUETTES.Wash and soak a bred a farmer, after an experience: of
enjoy her youth unconscious of what pint of white soup beans; when tender,
has decreed much freer selections as to both quan- drain and press through a colander and seven years of observation and five
custom "proper" for tity apd quality. It is not necessaryto mix with a tablespoonful each of butter, years' practical cultivation, in constant
girls. Let her develop a strong, raise any clamor for reform on their molasses and vinegar; season with salt communication with the most suc-
healthy body to endure the strains and stand aside cool. When
account. It may be out of place to pepper to cessful orange growers of the highest
which must come upon it later. Pon't cold form in small, round cakes, dip first.
remark that if a greatly increased demand grades of Indian River fruit, emphati-
add another "broken.down" ; in egg then in grated bread crumbs and I
womanto for fresh butter should result I fry in boiling lard. cally declares in favor of clean culti-
the world. Let her romp, en- from a change of custom such as that vation on all soils, providing alwaysthe
POTATO PYR.\ IID.-Boil mash and
her to climb fit her for ,
courage in suggested, it could easily be met by strain a dozen potatoes, season with pep young trees are heavily mulched
tramps the country with her those concerned. There need be no per and salt; grate two ounces of Swiss from May to October.
brothers, try not to let her suspect her increase in the cost of the article, cheese, mix with butter to make a paste ROBERT RANSON.

hereditary bondage to clothes. Thisis whilst at the same time a benefit add half a teacupful of milk and a little Titusville, Fla.Burning.
of the hardest minced parsley in frying add >-.-.
one things to accomplish conferred ; put pan.
for public sentiment is all would on our home the; potatoes, stir until a pale brown, pilein up Orange Trees.
{farmers.-Columbus Medical Journal. and
a pyramid serve.
against you; but do your best. Dress +...---- STUFFED POTATOES. Bake dozen Last year a firm of nurserymen imported -
: a potatoes
her as strongly and plainly as she can The Cold Process. : in the skins; when done cut the 300,000 young orange trees

bear and not feel herself unpleasantlyunlike Some fruits can be canned without tops; off and with a spoon scoop out the from Tahiti to California, and after

her mates, and then let her run heat'or sugar. The jar should be potato into a hot bowl: mash fine, add they had sold 240,000 of them the

and grow and forget that she is packed lull of the fruit and then placed two; tablespoonfuls of butter, a cupfulof Horticultural Commissioners of San
hot milk, a tea!'poonful of salt and
doomed to be banded and swathed Bernardino seized the rest on
under a faucet having the water run county
pepper; beat until light, add the beaten
and pinched and made uncomfortable in rapidly for a minute, that all the whites of two eggs and stir lightly. Fill the ground that'-they were infested

all! the: days of her: life after her happy air in the iar shall be displaced: then the skins_with the. mixture, heap it on with scale. After a long litigation over

SChOOl days. Give her a free, care- sealed and put away in a cool: dark top, brush over wIth tile yell s 01 me eggs them they have just been condemnedand

less, happy girlhood to look back place. Perhaps not many kinds of and set in the oven to brown. E. R. P. burned. Inhere were 60,000 of

upon, to keep in her mind as a sunny fruit would keep if put up in this -0ForMalaria --- them in crates. These were saturated

picture forever. manner. Certainly, I should have no Liver Trou- with kerosene and the torch applied,
Thus shall you secure to her the expectation of success with juicy fruit making a beautiful bonfire. Our

priceless gift of health, indispensableif of any kind. I have, however, been bleorIndigestionuseBROVlN'S neighbors have a great deal of trouble.
she is to bear the burden of "duds" successful with rhubarb. Green IRON BITTERS They have to fight scale from Tahiti

that await her on the threshold gooseberries and some kinds of plumscan -*-OH- and Florida and various insect pestson

"Where the brook and river meet- be preserved in this manner. Its Thin the Bunches.A deciduous trees from the nurseriesof

Womanhood and childhood fleet." a question with me if the acid in veteran grower, S. Miller, gives New Jersey and other Northern

-OLIVE THORN MILLER, in Harper's these fruits does not have a good dealto the following advice in the American States. .
t 9
Bazar. do with the keeping quality. Many Garden, which is still more applicablein
.-*-. kinds of fruit can be mixed with their Florida, on account of the tendencyof There are twenty.eight military res-
A Plea for tho Liberal Use of Butter. ervations in Florida containing a totalof
own weight in sugar, packed in jars, the grape in this climate to overbear.
Hutchinson, of England, makes the sealed and put away in a dark, cool Every summer some proud and fond 14,124 acres ot land. That on

following earnest plea for the free use i place. They will'keep well, and have grower rushes into print with the mar- Santa Rosa Island is the largest, as it

of butter: No dietetic reform would, the flavor of the fresh fruit. I have velous yield of a pet vine or two; but, contains 5,958 acres. Two military

1 believe, be more conducive to im found in the case of small berries put strange to say, generally we never reservations have been relinquished,

proved health among children and es up in this manner that the seeds became hear of that vine again-killed itself. one containing 115 acres and the other

pecially to the prevention of tuberculosis I harder and more noticeable than Grapes, as a rule, are allowed to 1,029 acres.-St. Francis Facts.

than an increase in the con- in the cooked fruit. I should not bear three bunches where two, and I

sumption of butter. Our children are think of putting up pineapple in any believe in many instances one bunch I CURE FITS !

trained to take butter with great re- other way than this, for it comes out alone, would be better. I can grow
straint, and are told that it is greedyand perfect. The third method of pre- Concords to weigh a pound to a for Wbeit a time Kty and: cure then I hT do not them mUD wtnrn merely agiln.to atop j mean them a

extravagant to eat much of it. It serving fruit is by cooking it with bunch, and such grapes will bring radical core. I bate m da the d.Mts of FITS EPILEPSY I.
is regarded as a luxury, and as giving sugar. In this case sugar is largely nearly double the price that the ordi warrant or ny remedy to cure the worst cuea. Bac o.

relish to bread, rather than as in ,the preservative; and where the sugaris nary ones do, besides bearing better; other hare failed is DO reason treatise for and not now Free reeeiTiq Bottla"a
for a
Scad at
once a
itself a most important article of food. added to the fruit, pound (for pound, and in this we will be well paid for jay enre.infallible remedy. Gita Express and Port Oflea.El. .

Even in the private families of the it is not necessary to seal the product. .our labor of clipping out the smaller G. ROOT, M. C., 183 curt &(., Y.Y.




[Continued from page 315.] ber present it was somewhat difficultto Glen St. Mary; G. P. Healy, Seville; ease, as I think the following soil \

loophole open for the weak-kneed get a complete roster: J. E. Cole, Glen St. Mary; Dr. G. C. analyses quite clearly indicate:

grower to crawl through? D. Greanleaf, Jacksonville; S. H. Pelot, Manatee; William Grus, San THE KIND OF SOIL.

Major O. P. Rooks said this was Gaitskill, McIntosh; G. R. Fair- Antonio; J. A. Hudson, John W. The samples of soil examined for

the rock upon which the growers had banks, Fernandina; Geo. A. Hume, Cannon, E. W. Bond and S. Weller
Mr. Northey briefly describedas
always split in the past. He did not Lake Howell; A. W. Moremen, Johnson, DeLand; A. B. Warde, Mandarin follows: "No.may i" is a sandy loam
think it practicable to bind the Lake Inter- B. Baer Lewis
growers Howell; C. Bentler, ; M. Jacksonville; with a fair proportion of vegetable
absolutely.Dr. lachen Wm. H. Mimes Lane Davis Lochloosa F.
; ; John Cogswell,
humus with for Florida
matter, ( ), a
L.: L. Newsom sdd the
convene Park; Rev. L. L. Harmon, Po- Clarcona; Hy. Crutcher, Zellwood; rather unusual amount of clay. The
tion was accomplishing nothing unless L. S. Turner Crescent W. Miller Crescent
mona; City; J. City: Hugh sand was approximately estimated at
every man present would pledge the Ben. F. Wade, Crescent City; T. L. Finlay, Crescent City; W. H. Cole, about eighty-two cent of the air- I

Exchange his undivided support. The Jenerson, Fruitland; E. A. Stearns, Huntington; II. B. Smith, Fruitland; dried material. per"NO.2" subsoil at

Exchange did not have a fortune at Fruitland; N. D. A. Sawyer, Beau J. P. Felt, Emporia; W. J. Walker, the depth of eighteen inches is a stiff

its back, yet it was expected to cope clerc; N. L. Pierson, Pierson; Seth Leesburg; T. J. Watkins, Rochelle; purplish brown clay, with a small admixture .
successfully with corporations that Brown, Archer; Chas. Lindbeck, J. Y. Starke, Beresford; F. B. D.
of sand and would
counted their wealth by the million.Mr. Pierson Chas. E. Smith M. G. probably
; Plymouth, Vaughn, Emeralda; Berry, make excellent brick. "No.3" at the
W. H. Cook pledged the Exchange W. H. Vincent, Pomona; S. W. Randall Glen St. Mary; A. P. Baskin, Anthony
depth of four feet is also clay rather
his full support and advocated C. W. Fox H. B. Fruitland
Orange Heights; ; Jenerson, less tenaceous lighter in color and
that the spirit of the committee's recommendations Fruitland Park; W. H. Cook, Pomona; Barlow Bros., Orlando; T. N. Gautier, ,
containing a little more sand but substantially
be adhered to.Mr. T. Ames, Pomona; Jas. R. Morrison, Crescent City, Wm. E. Stanton, San similar in character and

E. W. Bond said he would not i Pomona; Bartlett & Allen, Olean, N. !Mateo; J. W. Randall, Grahamville; composition to "No. 2." While the

sign an iron-clad contract that would Y.; O. P. Rooks, Fruitland Park; J. C. Lanier, Leesburg; Joel D.
writer has no information the
deprive him of his right to sell his Davis Tillson, Rockland, 1\Ie.j; W. T. Meade, Mandarin; Geo. M. Holdcn, upon
subject he is inclined to believe that
fruit on the trees if the opportunity Laine W. A. Lovell Lees- I. Maitland
Lisbon; Leesburg; Vanderpool, ; these soils are from what is ordinarily
presented; he did not think such a burg; D. Roach, Leesburp; C. W. E. B. Snyder, Okdhumpka; J. G. termed high hammock."
proposition carried sound business Harrold Victoria E. G. Hill Law- E. Still-
; Christopher, Jacksonville; J. The following is the analysis of the
principles he favored the form of con- Bela Hubbard Crescent G. W. Adams
; tey; City; man, Orange City; soils so far as made. By the term
tract as it now stood. Collins 'Hubbard Crescent G. Lees
City; Thonotosassa; J. Johnson, "acid insoluble" is meant that portionof
Mr. Baer counseled caution; said Henry Hutchinson, Crescent City; L. burg; J. W. Cannon, DeLand; J. W, the soil (silica and silicates) whichwas

the Exchange was now fighting the J. Owens, Cassia; W. J. Borden, Smith, Bay Ridge; N. M. Alexander, left undissolved after digestion in

transportation lines in the courts and Oxford; N. L. Clark, Bushnell; JamesH. Beresford; D. F. Kagey: New Market hydrocloric acid sp. I. IS at the tem-
he outlined the mode of Robertson H. B. Va.
probable -;; Bailey, ._ perature of boiling water in a steam
procedure the opponants would prob- San Mateo; Holmes Erwin, Pomona; o-I
tight glass vessel for a period of forty
ably adopt to strangle the Exchange.He Hazen H. Harvey, Seffner; A. S. The "Die-Back" Question Again. hours. The "acid soluble," of course,

said the contract should be so Harvey, Wildwood; H. J. Watrous, Editor Farmer and Fi uit-Grower: includes all that passed into solution

strengthened as to place visible powerin Tampa; H. E. Penley, Tampa; Robt. The investigations which, in a limited -I during this time.

the hands of the Exchange man Rose, Cassia; Franklin Lee, Buffalo, way, have recently been under-

agement.The N. Y.; F. R. Osborn, DeLand; J. R. taken in the State laboratory to throw Acid insoluble SURFACE, silica and SOIL silicates NO. I........per 88.2935 cent.
chair here ruled this discussion Crow, Crow's Bluff; N. J. Trowell, Acid soluble, oxides of iron and alumina,
if this ... ..................
some light possible upon subject, Fee 03-I-Ala O$ 3.7500Acid
all out of order for the reason that the Umatilla; W. J. Lewis, Mango; W. soluble silica Si O2........... ..... 0385
report of the committee had been A. Lovell, Apopka; N. H. Thomas, have called forth no little inquiry as Acid soluble potash K2 0... .............. 1065
adopted and could not be altered unless Norwalk; J. L. Burton, Crescent City; well as numerous requests for the an- Acid Acid soluble soluble car.phosphoricacid of line Ca Coj P2 05......... 1324 5482

a motion to reconsider was E. B. Newsom, Crescent City; Dr. L. alysis of soils in groves where this Acid soluble car. magnesia Mg Cos...... 0186
Volatile at red heat, carbon, combined
adopted.Mr. L. Newsom, Crescent City; Ivey trouble is observed. As has pre- water, nitrogen, etc. ................. 3.9000

Harvey, Wildwood, said the Royal, Cassia; F. T. Rutherford, viously been explained, in most cases, Not Hygroscopic estimated raois.and loss------------------volatile at noc...... 2.7500.4633

committee's report was correct and Crescent City; O. C. McGrady, Cres- compliance with this request has been --

allowed all the latitude required.Mr. cent City; Elmar E. Smith, Crescent impossible. Among the first to make 100.0000
NO.2 SUBSOIL 18 INCHES DEEP. per cent.
Baer moved that the report be City; Alfred Ayer, Lake Weir; W. K. application for such a soil analysis was Acid insoluble silica and silicates....... 67.8200
reconsidered. This was seconded by Pendleton, Eustis; E. T. Paine, Tocoi Mr. D. R. Northey, of Orange Bend, Acid soluble oxides of Iron and alumina,
Fe2 03I tAle Ol.................. .. 17.2000
Mr. W. T. Laine. L. B. Ayer, Lake Weir; A. P. De. in a portion of whose grove this un Acid soluble silica Si Oi................. 3200
Mr. C. F. A. the Wolff Crescent W. S. Prior condition manifested.The Acid soluble potash K2 0------------------i
Bielby opposed City; healthy was Acid soluble phosphoric acid P2 OS-..... 1260
reconsideration. He said the honest Lake Como; Alexander Holly, Eureka time at the command of the State Acid soluble car.of lime Ca Coj......... 1.1029
Acid of .......
soluble car. mag. Mg: Coj 1982
buyers were opposed to the consign ; George C. Davis and C. B. Chemist has only permitted the exam- Volatile at red heat, carbon, combined
water, nitrogen, etc............ .. ... 6.2312
ment and should be Owens Cassia Ed. W. Clarke San ination of the soil and
system they en- particular
; Hygroscopic moisture.................... 6.1231
couraged. He did not favor the absolute !Mateo; Pierre D'A. Pratt, Leesburg; subsoils in the affected portion of the Not estimated and loss.................. .7356

guarantee and moved that the T. J. McRae and A. L. Webb, Haw- grove, although samples were sent 100.0000

motion to reconsider be tabled. Mr. thorne; W. F. Tuttle, Eustis; D. from the portions not so affected as
Bielby's motion prevailed.Maj. Mead G. B. Griffin NO. 3 SUBSOIL 4 FBET DEEP. per cent.
Bakersburg; ,
well.There Acid insoluble silica and silicates....... 68.6750
O. P. Rooks offered the following Windsor; C. F. Pierson Pierson; M. seems to be a very widely Acid soluble oxides of iron and alumina,
.. .. .. .............. 16.0810
Fe2 OJ -1-| Ab
which belief "Die- 03
M. Miner Charles V. Hill- that called
was adopted: Emporia prevalent so
; Acid soluble silica Si O2................. 2160
Resolved, That we, as orange growers yer, Fernandina; Charles C. Murdockand Back" is a specific disease due to some Acid soluble potash K$ 0... .............. 1400

in convention assembled, recommend -I M. S. Moremen, Switzerland; cause which if it could be once discovered Acid Acid soluble soluble car.phosphoric of lime add Ca Co3.P3 .Os............. 1.6214 0960

to the orange growers of the G. W. Otterson, Pomona; A. Brady and removed would relieve Acid soluble magnesia Mg Co3........... .1420
Volatile at red heat, carbon, combined
State that they perfect local organizations and R. E. Mims, Mims; John Harsh- the orange grower of one of his most water. nitrogen, etc.................. 6.2000
writer Hygroscopic mo'fture................... 6.1000
enemies. The does
in district Merrimack W. "Smith insidious
every orange growing burger, ; J. Bay Not estimated and loss.. .............. .7286
and pledge themselves collectivelyand Ridge; Harry Smith, Sorrento; Geo. not so regard it. He believes it is to --.

individually to not consign a box H. Gardiner, Paisley; W. H. Miller, be rather a symptom, or more pro zoo ) oo

of oranges during the coming season. Lakeland; R. P. Burton and John perly speaking, the result of a diseased WATER SOLUBLE CONSTITUENTS.

The motion to call roll and secure Fabyan, Leesburg; H. H. Richardson state which may originate in a great An attempt was made to determinethe

signatures to contract was then Pinellas; R. F. Pouley, Nashua; variety of causes. The conditions of water soluble constituents of these

adopted, and over two hundred thou L. B. Skinner, Dunedin; F. G. Sampson soil, cilmate, drainage, fertilization, soils in the usual manner by percola.

sand boxes; were pledged by those Boardman; H. H. Witherington, etc., which are essential to the tion. With soil No. i no difficultywas

present for shipment through the Ex Apopka; Thomas Hind, Georgetown; healthy growth of the orange tree are encountered; with subsoil Nos. 2

change.A J. Kaufman and C. B. Smith, Jacksonville numerous and exacting. Florida sup- and 3 the attempt was abandoned for

unanimous vote of thanks was ; A. Stewart, Bay Ridge; S. plies the climate in perfection, some- reasons that will subsequently appear.

then tendered the home transportationlines C. Warner, Palatka; C. Delano, Glen. times the soil, in most cases the The following were the proportions of

for special rates, the press for wood; E. B. Foster, South Lake Weir; requisite drainage. Aside from the the important constituents in the water '

courtesies extended, and the Jacksonville E. Jamison and E. Bean, Jacksonville; attacks of insects and probably in soluble extract from surface soil No.

Board of Trade for use of ropms. W. R. Mathews, Leesburg; E. J. some cases of parasitic and bacterial i:

Their being no (further business the Eagleton, Weir Park; J. L. Carney, diseases, in far the larger numbers of per cen t.
soluble ...__..........._...
Water potash
meetingon motion, adjourned.We Lake Weir; G. M. Lee, Montclair; J. cases, ill balanced or defective fertilization Nitrogen..................... .0135 0140
C. Love, Leesburg; J. G. Angermann, is responsible for the greater Posphoticacid..............a trace.

give below a partial list of fruit Gainesville; E. W. Green, Ocala; part of the ills to which the orange It requires only a most casual glanceat

growers who participated in the pro- George W. Moyers, Forest City; C. tree here is subject. This does not, the above analytical tables to show

ceedings. Owing to the large num F. A. Bielby, DeLand; G. L. Taber, however, include all the causes of dis- that we are dealing here with what for


I .


... Florida may be termed a fairly "rich" There are only eighteen inches of porous TOMATO CULTURE.A Washington, New York and Boston
soil. Potash, nitrogen and phosphoric soil above it. Impaired nutrition, wheel into line; New York being gen-
:} acid are all present in fair propjrtions, disease and possibly ultimate death is Thriving Industry of Polk erally the best eastern market and
! although the latter substance is not now the inevitable fate of a large class of County. sometimes the best in the country, but
I in a water soluble condition. It would I trees, among which the sweet orange The Courier-Informant publishes along in April and May the highest pricesare
seem, therefore, that in this particular may be named, when planted in sucha and interesting account: obtained in St. Louis and Chicago.One .
instance we must look to some other stagnant, un rated and undrainedsoil. Egg-plants, beans, squashes, cucumbers grower has shipped so far this
cause than starvation or poverty of What these trees probably needis potatoes, cabbage, etc., are season 1,000 crates off of 15 acres,
soil for the origin of "Die-Back" in not more food, but more circulationof grown here as winter crops, and some from which he has realized $2,000; an .
this particular grove. .Before going air and water among their roots. of them-the first two especially-pay average of $2 per crate net. He expects -
further the writer will describe the The application of lime above and artificial handsomely; but of the total acreage to get 500 more crates from the
difficulties encountered in his attempts drainage below is the methodof cultivated in vegetables, fully ninetyper same patch. His shipments have
I to obtain the water soluble constituents treatment which wound in this case cent. is devoted to the tomato. It nearly all been to northeastern
I of subsoils Nos. 2 and 3 which, appear to promise the best results.It is the king of vegetables and receivesthe markets.
it will be remembered, are essentially will be observed, however, in the homage of all America. Tomatoesare The net returns for the first 4,000
composed of a more or less tenacious surface soil that magnesia exists in no longer regarded as a mere luxury crates sent out by the Florence company
f clay. In both 'these cases these soils: rather limited quantity, while fairly but a necessity, and every family averaged $3.75 a crate. These
! were carefully air-dried and pulverized well represented in the sub soil. Fora that makes any pretention to good went mostly to the western cities be-
I I and passed through a "20 mesh" sieve. while the form "of potash most suit- living, wants them every day in the fore mentioned.The .
One hundred grammes (about four able to this particular soil would be average net returns for the en-
I ounces) of this air dried, pulverizedand what is termed the "double manure year.Now it happens that during nearly tire community up to this date is
somewhat granular material from salt," or double sulphate of potash half the year, that is from Decemberto probably some figure between those
each of these subsoils was placed in a and magnesia. Sulphuric acid, though May, there is not an acre of Uncle two extremes, say $2.50 a crate. This
percolator and tepid water ((90 F.) only tested for qualitatively, while Sam's domain outside of Florida and will be lowered before the close of the
poured thereon At first in each case present in fair amount in the surface only a very few peculiarly favored shipping season, of course, but it is
the water trickled through at a mod- soil, was found to be almost entirely spots in Florida, that can produce not likely to be less than $2, which is
erately rapid rate. It was soon observed absent in the sub soil, indicating thatif them. Hence it is that the demand is equivalent to $100 to $200 an acre,
i however, that the filtrate came potash salts have been applied in far greater than the supply, and a ten- and is somewhat better than our planters -
more and more slowly. Nearly 100 the form of sulphate that they have acre tomato patch yields as much usually count on; their calculations
c. c., less than four fluid ounces, of never penetrated to any great extent money here as a hunderd-acre wheat being generally based on $75 to $150an
filtrate were in that manner: obtained into the underlying clay. It is not field does in the West. acre.
; from soil No. 2 in the first twentyfourhours unlikely that a liberal application of Dr. F. W. Inrnan, President of the The shipping season begins here
and only about half that quantity some finely ground Florida phosphate Florence Packing Company and him- about Christmas or New Years and
1 from soil No. 3. This experiment might ultimately give good results, self one of the most extensive growersin continues till about the last of May or
I was continued for two weeks, during especially if this was well compostedwith the vicinity, being interviewed said: (as last year) as late as the middle of
I which a little more than 200 c. c. stable manure. Aside from the "We are not furnishing ten percent June, depending on an early or late
I (about eight ounces) of water had benefits of the slowly.liberated phos- of the tomatoes demanded. spring in the vicinity of Savannah,
passed through soil NO.2, and less phoric acid, the lime that would thus There are many such cities as Rochester Charleston and Norfolk.
than half that amount through soil find its way into the soil might be ex N. Y., Pittsburg, Pa., Louisville, Year before last the shipments from
No. 3. At the end of this time the pected to produce a beneficial effect. Ky., and Evansville, Ind., that are Winter Haven amounted to only 3,500
,'- drops falling from No. 3 were observedto Lime in almost any form upon lands clamoring for our fruit and we have crates. Last year about 22,000 crates
be only one every two hours with a composed largely of clay not only ren- not been able to send them one car- were shipped; and the present crop,
slightly more rapid rate of percolationfrom ders the soil more porous and friable, load. The California Fruit Transpor- as before stated, is estimated at 50,000
No. 2. As there seemed to be and therefore much more permeableto tation Company wanted a carload the or 60,000 crates. But for the long
no possibility of obtaining the requisite air and water, but its chemical effect other day, to export to Liverpool, and continued drouth it would doubtless
amount of "soil extract" in this way in promoting the formation ol proposed to guarantee full American have reached 70,000.
the attempt was abandoned. Then the soluble double silicates of alumina as prices and give us the benefit of what- The principal markets supplied are
plan recommended by some German well as its influence in promoting nitrification ever amount might be obtained in excess New York, Philadelphia, Baltimore,
chemists was tried. One hundred are well understood by of our prices here; but we had to Washington, Boston, Chicago, St.
grammes of soil was stirred up with scientific agriculturists. For imme- decline the order. Why should we Louis, Kansas City, St. Paul, Cincinnati -
500 c. c. of water and an attempt diate effect, however,, recently slaked ship tomatoes to England when we are Columbus and Cleveland. Con-
made to filter the mixture. The same quicklime spread broadcast and harrowed unable to supply the American markets siderable shipments are made to many
difficulties were encountered as before. in would be the better application. at $3.00 to$600 a crate." other points but the cities above men-
The pores of the filter soon became NORMAN ROBINSON, From the superintendents of the tioned are the only markets to which
clogged and the water ceased to pass State Chemist. several packing houses and from a tomatoes are sent from here in carload
through. The only practicable method large number of growers and shippers lots. Shipments are made either by
seemed to be to mix the soil with the whom we interviewed, we learned the all rail express, by express to Savan-
proper amount of water and allow it following facts, which we state as nah, thence by ocean steamer, or in
to gradually settle. The writer has The Superiorremedy briefly as possible: refrigerator cars iced before startingand
before him a quart beaker nearly filled The total number of acres in toma again en route. By the last named
with such a mixture of soil and water toes, in this vicinity: : this year is be- method the ripest tomatoes go throughto
which has now been standing undis. tween 900 and 1,000. The yield is Northern and Western markets in
turbed for more than two weeks. The for all diseases rarely less than fifty nor more than a perfect condition. Not a single com-
i water is still far from clear and, judging originating in hundred crates per acre. The lowest plaint of "bad order" has been re.
I from appearances, it will be a number price obtained for any lot so far this ceived this season.
i of weeks yet before all this "clay" impure blood ; season was $2.25 and the highest $8, I Tomato plants are not grown in hot
: will finally subside. the gross, per crate. The lowest and beds and transplanted here as they are
i highest net returns were $1.20 and $6 in other States. The seeds are plantedin
- THE LESSON OF THESE FAILURES. MEDICINE respectively.As the field like corn, half a dozen
I These various failures to obtain a might be expected, some growers seeds being dropped in a hill and the
! water soluble "soil extract" are par- which produce better tomatoes than others plants afterwards thinned out leavingone
\ ticularly instructive, and to the mind and pack them in better stye: thereby plant to the hill. No trellises or
\ of the writer point very distinctly to may always securing correspondingly better prices. stakes are used.
\ the cause of "die back" in this particular be relied uponto But the markets to which the fruit is Ten acres are as much as one man
I portion of Mr. Northey's grove. give the best consigned seem to have more to do can plant, cultivate and harvest, if he
We are dealing here. with a subsoilin with the prices realized than has the does it right.
which the natural drainage is exceedingly satisfaction, difference in the fruit itself. But no One of the busiest and most interesting .
defective. It is practically is one city remains the best market scenes to be witnessed in Floridais
almost water tight. Except as cracksare throughout the season. In Decemberand the sorting, wrapping and cratingof
produced by the occasional dry- AVER'SSarsapariUa January the best markets in the tomatoes in the Florence company's
ing up of moisture or passages are country are Tampa, Jacksonville and packing house. The bujlding is thirty
formed by the penetration and subse- Sr. Augustine, Fla., arid Thomasvilleand feet wide by eighty in length, with a
quent decay of the roots of trees and Savannah, Ga. As the season platform on one side to receive toma-
plants! there is no possibility of the Cures others will cure advances, Birmingham, Atlanta, toes as hauled in from the fields, and
circulation either of air or water. Charleston, and later, Baltimore, [Continued on page 35C.]


.."'" -- .




_&. .. .. _
: ,


ORGlIn' OF THE STATE FARMERS fllililflflCE lINn IfiDUSTlpIi UfllOfl.VoLVL 1. '.

Agriculture' is the Basis of Wealth. No. 18. '

Legislation in the Interest of the amount had dwindled down to are going to turn this cow around in frost or flood of all those interveningyears.
Capital such an insignificant sum that a cash. '92 and have milk and butter for Sallie .
Editor Alliance Department: ier was forced to before the "
come and the babies. The pleasure of farming can only
Wealth is the product of labor, Courts and on the witness stand to ex THOMAS J. WILLIAMS.Polk be fully restored by making the farm-
therefore, it is only simple justice that plain matters. The taxes being assessed County. ers' lot less onerous than now and
> <
wealth should bear the burthens of on the 1st day of January and The Pleasures of Farming. granting to him the opportunity to
taxes, and the the amount of United States bonds
greater and National
Editor Alliance Department: purchase what he needs of others at
wealth held by individuals or compa- bank notes not being taxable property, The man who likes to have animalsto about the same relative cost as to laboror
nies the higher should be the rate of on the last of December the National pet and to develop*according to his time and attendant investment or
taxation. A government that permits bankers of California would telegraphtheir ideas is pretty sure to be a good stock I expense as the farmer requires of others
capital to escape a just proportion of national banker in New York grower, because of the interest he for his special products.If .
the support of the government, and asking, "Have you any United States takes in that line of labor and care. I a bushel of wheat at the seaboard
allows the heavier burden of taxes to bonds for sale? Please quote pricesin So it is with the man who likes to see markets fairly represents the price ofa
rest upon the wealth-producers, is unworthy -: gold." The New York banker crops grow from the planting to the farmers' day's work (and I hold it
of the name of a republic; I wires back, "Yes; plenty of them at gathering in and the measuring of the does), then let this measure of wheat
much more a government that by stat 1 126." The California banker answers, same. represent the average day's work of
utes relieves capital and wealth of tax- "I will take $100,000-$126,000 to What farmer is not pleased when the general industrial worker, adding
ation. your credit. Please place bonds on his sheaves of grain are both heavy thereto as the situation might call for
"The great interest of this country, deposit subject to my order." The and numerous? or when his stock is as to certain more expensive means of
the producing cause of its prosperity, California banker sacks up $126,000in both thriving and increasing in num- shelter and increased cost of food as
is labor, labor, labor. The governmentwas gold, marks it to the New York bers? It is said of the American the different situations clearly deter-
made to encourage and protect banker and passes it to his, credit. people that no other nationality equals mine. Some standard is quite neces-
this industry and give its security to The New York banker puts the bondsin them in their eagerness for the dollaror sary and why not adopt that of the
this very end; with this precious object an envelop, seals it, marks the name gain coming from their labor or farmers' labor and its average earningsas
in view power was given Congressover of the California banker on the back. traffic. If this statement is well fit for other workers to go by?
currency and over the money The first day of January the California founded it only shows how clear A. F. BOYCE.
system of the country.-Daniel Web banker gives in his taxable property; headed and eminently practical our .
ster, Vol. III, page 35. has but little gold, in fact, nearly people are. That we have an earnest Farmers Should Stand Together.The .
President Polk said in his address everything he possesses is invested in desire-deeply implanted-to obtain wealthier men get (or the
before the Reform Press Associationat the property protected by special act some fair reward of gain for our labor greater ease with which they can get
St. Louis, February 20, that the of Congress against taxation. The and anxious care is thus clearly set money) the cheaper they hire their
wealth producers own but 23 percent next week the banker on the Pacific forth. labor done or buy what they need.
of the property and pay 80 per cent. coast wires to New York, "Great want The products of the farm are mainly Salaried men who own farms are
of all the taxes. And I will risk being of gold on the Pacific coast; place my such as the markets abroad give the never pinched for means to purchase
r r called a slanderer and assert that the $100,000 in bonds on the market at prices thereto. Take cotton or wheat, supplies with, and they are ever readyto
government has relieved the bond 126." The New York banker answers, canned goods or meat as a sample for join in the cry of "calamity croakers. -
holders and National Banks of their "All right; I will take them; apply illustration, and as it is with these ."

just proportion of National, State, $126,000 in gold on deposit in your products, so is it with every productof Could the debtor class of farmers
county and municipal taxes, and offer bank to credit." which
my a surplus is grown above borrow money at the rate at which
the following to show conclusively Thus it is that this National banking home demand. call loans are made it would greatly
, that those are not the only wealthy system holds the purse strings of The farmer sells his products at the assist them, and if able farmers would
classes that have been relieved of taxes America, controls the labor of the lowest rates the consumers can buy assist the debtor class more with small
fl by the government. The following country and escapes taxes. It has its for; he is obliged to do this becausehe loans it would be perfectly safe and
r. have been repealed: center in the East and throws out its can neither hold them long nor can make a better feeling among farmers.

1866 Income tax.......................$72,982,139 AMOUNT. tentacles, drawing the life-blood of he combine to force up prices. The The avaricious manner of some of our
1866 Manufactures..................... 64,827.165 the Nation from occupation in natural of trade be
1886 Railroad companies.............. 7,614,448 every course must ac- wealthy farmers is the great cause of
; 1866, Express companies ............... 1,832,490 the country. In fact, the East owns cepted by him as his main reliance all farmers not uniting in the issue
1866 Special........................... great -
14,144,418 controls the
1866 Tax on passports ................. 31,149 capital, the manufac whereby to dispose of his surplus and bringing good times to the
1867,Tax on luxuries.................. 2,116,174 tures and the transportation of the products. Now, when he comes to farmers and laborers of
1867, Tax on !insurance ................. our country.
1868 Tax on insurance ................. 1,336,014f 671.949 country. There is not an occupation, buy his needed supplies, if he could There are farmers and laborers who
f ...................
1870, Wine and beer 8837.395 a man, woman or child in the South have the same opportunities to obtain
1870, Stamp act repealed. ............ 16,544,043 experience great: privations at all times,
1870, Legacies.. ......................... 3,091,825 and West that does not pay tribute to them at such rates as he sells his farm notwithstanding the denials of men
1871, National banks ................... 666,784
< the East.
" 1882, National bank deposits.......... 5,521,927 products at, there would be no groundof who onlv see the best side of farm life.
1882, State bank,Deposits.............. General Weaver explained the whole complaint on his should
4,005,340 part, nor -H. W. PHELPS in Ohio Farmer.
1882, Capital of banks................... 1,138,340 ,
' thing in a nut shell in a speech before there be on the part of others, for this ..-
Amounting annually to $205,436762. ,- the Pennsylvania Dairy Association.He much is due to the farmer. The Green Cove Spring strikes the
Now, where does labor come was pouring hot shot into the Now, I hold it to be a stern fact that nail squarely on the head in the following -
t in in this reduction of taxation, money kings of the East when a gen. the real pleasure of farming is largely style : "Florida Democratsowe
, amounting annually to nearly as muchas tleman, smarting under the general's shorn from it because its net profitsare it to themselves and the prosperity
the average amount for the past ten burning words, rose up in the audience so wrongfully reduced and turned of the State to reduce taxation.
years collected from the people by the and said, "General, please tell us what over to others not justly entitled thereto. The people in all parts of the Stateare
government i in tariff duty? And I kind of a cow do you consider the Every attempt of other workersto crying against the burden they are
challenge any one to show wherein best-common-purpose dairy cow in obtain some concession either as to having to carry, and the party prom-
the wealth-producers of the country Iowa?" "Well, said the general, "we hours of labor or as to enhanced pricesfor ised years ago that taxation should be
have been relieved of a single cent of are very much displeased with our their goods; or higher wages or reduced. The Spring believes in
taxes on the necessities of life since dairy cow not only in Iowa but in the increased salaries; or larger per cent. the State and county affairs being keptup
1865. South and West generally. She is of dividends or interest rates, or more in a way to show that there is
Let me show how National banks not compact enough; she stands with toll out of the grist, operates simply spirit of progress in the land, but
escape taxes on the gold in their vaults.! her hind feet in the East, her forefeetin in one way and that is to lessen the while we know of no extravagance on
The State of California has a strict the West and we of the West and farmers' net gain and is a strife to get the part of the State government, the
personal property tax law; the bankers South do all the feeding and you gentlemen the best of him in the race for an easier taxes do not get lower as the party
' hold large sums of gold. The first of the East do all the .
: milking. lot of life.The era of high prices promised they should. The party in
:i year that the law went into effect it And the people of the West and South that has prevailed since the midsummer power must look to its reputation. Let
r Caught the bankers for $29,000,000 in I I are proclaiming in the language of I of 1862 has done more damageto the taxes be reduced in every way pos.
t gold to pay taxes on. In three years Andrew Jackson, 'by the Eternal, ,' we the farmer than has the drought or sible."







Tannins; with Palmetto. THEJACKSONVILLE-

1 ... Seeing is believing" In the office of Rich Florida Lands

] The Evening News may be seen a side S. Da HUBBARD COMPANY
of sole leather tanned in this city by the 1J- -

use of palmetto root alone. It was 9

tanned by Mr. J. W. Spitler, to whose I FLA. Y

knowledge and persistence we are indebted ,

t- for success-even with the crudest HARDWARE AND STOVES

f: of appliances, and contrary to the well I

known decision of scientific men, chem- DOORS, SASH, BLINDS, PAINTS, OILS AND VARNISH. r

ists of high reputation, who ,stated that SA,v MILL SUPPLIES. ,
the palmetto had no tannic acid in it of
We are State We Have
commercial value. !Agents for the

This side of leather was tanned in five One Horse and Two r 3 HORSE BAT RAKES\

months; it did not have the attention that ; In stock.
would have been bestowed it in BUCKEYEMOWERS _V :aJ _
upon a -_ S and fi feet tread.The 2. xr : -
*- well organized tannery, but received
only such care as :Mr. Spitler! could give 6 foot Is suit
E it from time to time. It is to be regretted = -_= able for use In
that we have no means at handto A foinjtltte stnrJt of ORANGE GROVES.
determine definitely the actual gainto Jloirerx andpalr.i Farmers and Think.
on hand at Stop
the hide in weight by the tanning Factory J'rire \Write for Prices.WE .
process, but from the weight of the hide CARRY A WHY SpenJ the best years of your
before and after tanning it is thoughtthat life cultivating the soils of the frozen
the results obtained are quite equalto ..T E M A S RANGE P Xy OA '-V S,"
North and West which
raising crops on
those of oak bark. Find Line of Repairs for Same.
As to its quality only the opinions of Acme Orange Grower and the Horse Pulverizing Harrows, the Bay the freight is often not realized,when you
men who use such leather are really of I can buy land from the undersigned, rich
Dixie Cast Plows, and a full line of Farm and Agricultural Implementsof
much value. A representative of the
and fertile known lands and
as ,
,-- News carried a piece of this hide to M. all descriptions. Agents for the Planet Jr. Horse and Hand Tools, sold any
where raise that the
Monserrat, a man who enjoys an excel- at factory prices. Send for catalogues. you can a crop
lent reputation for making tine shoes of United States Government will pay a
best quality. After finishing up a piecoof BOUNTY of $100 on each acre.
it, and being told his professional HOLD On, this isn't all. You can sell
opinion of it, exactly as he believed, was
there in home
the said
wanted, he said: "I like it; it is very crop right your
well tanned, and I can safely guaranteethat market for $>250; per acre. You ask for
it is fully equal to the best Union the How and the "Wherefore."

tanned, which is the highest priced sole- Quito right-facts and t figures count best.
leather in market. It would be excellentfor
fine ladies' boots." Plant the hand with Sugar\ Cane.
Robert :Mason was seen next. This
boot and shoemaker is by far too well TO OLD Farmers and careful perusers -

known in our city to need any commendation r r r :, w 1 of papers, the fact that there is now
from The News. Suffice it, he established near Ki simmee, Fla., the St.
t understands his businesss and is a man
of veracity. He took a piece of Union i : : .. ;!::;,,---=______.__'__-.",;..-If- -- Cloud Sugar Refinery, is stale news. We
tanned leather and a piece of the pal- .. ... .;, ;_. _}!'!!'I".7"0 ; "' are talking to all our friends. Sugarcanecan
metto tanned and finished up both while -,,'.- be raised as cheaply as corn, and
the reporter waited. He said, "I con- Uncle Sam will pay you a bounty of two
sider it fully equal to the Union tanned,
and it finishes a heap the best." Mr.\ ;o :.. _. cents per pound on the manufactured
: _
:: ,, .._
= :::" The St. Cloud in
Mason then proved his words by showing sugar.
the results of the finishing touches. PLANET JK HOUSE! HOE WITH LEVER AND LEVER ,. Osceola Co., Fla., averaged 4,500 poundsof
Now this is evidence which demon- --------
sugar to the acre last year, and will go;
strates the practical value of palmettofor
tanning, not only the lighter kindsof IRRIGATING MACHINERY 5,000 pounds this year.
skins, but the very heaviest hides. It 9 METHODS? This isn't the only big
is more; it is proof that conclusions BOTH STEAM, HORSE AND HAND POWER. chance of your life, however. The cultivation -
arrived at and published many times in of rice lands about Kissimmeeis
the News were not erroneous but were Carry a stock of Steam Pumps, Boilers,
i to become an assured, profitable fact.
facts. The palmetto will tan all kindsof and Galvanized Pipe Valves.
Wrought ,
leather and it will do the work well. There is no richer or better truck and
Furthermore it will do it cheaply. From Fittings,Hose, Etc. Estimates furnished market garden lands in the world than

the best and most conservative point of for Plants. Put in complete and guaranteed the land on the rich overflow, or bottom
view it is now believed leather can be
tanned in Florida for but little more than p satisfactory. Hand Spraying lands about Kissimmee. Write for con-

one-half the price it can be done in the Pumps of description. Send for formation to A. K. McClure, editor Philadelphia -
north.-St. Augustine News. every Times, who has personal knowl)
!; t Catalogue of How and When to Spray. edge. Then in lands for orange groves,

There is more Catarrh in this sec- Nozzles, Pipe, etc., made to order in our or groves already cultivated or bearing,

tion of the country than all other diseases $ machine shop. I can satisfy you that your best interestslie

put together, and until the last in seeing me before any one else.

few years was supposed to be incur BEAUTIFUL HOMES. The healthfulness -

able. For a great many years doc- and beauty of Kissimmee have

tors pronounced it a local disease and never been questioned. No diptheria,

prescribed local remedies, and by con- no consumption, no pneumonia fact,
stantly failing to cure with local. treat- read our medical report. Beautiful cottages -

ment,pronounced it incurable. Sciencehas proven catarrh to be a constitu- dences. Write for terms and particulars.

tional disease, and therefore requires COME SOUTH, And get untold

constitutional treatment. Hall's Ca quantities of the grandest climate in the

tarrh Cure, manufactured by F. J. world free with each acre of ground pur-

Cheney & Co., Toledo, Ohio, is the chased. Come where you can till the

only constitutional cure on the market. soil twelve months in the year. At least
.It is taken internally in doses from ten write to me for full particulars.

drops to a teaspoonful. It acts directly WM.
upon the blood and mucous surfacesof AGENTS FOR CANNON.
the offer hun- KISSIMMEE, FLA.
system. They one IuN Ot TL'S S7CEAM P UMIF S.
Agent for the lands of the Disston
dred dollars for any case it fails to
All Letters Answered the Day they are Keceived. for the Associated Railways' lands, and the
cure. Send ford circulars and testi-
lands of Kissimmee
monials. Address, THE I S. B. HUBBARD COMPANY Phosphate. susrar-cane Land Co., rice trucking,
.F. J. CHENEY & CO., Toledo, O. fruit, crazing, timber, general farming
and home lands bend for map showing
t I Je-Sold by Druggists, 750 JACKSONVILLE, FLA. lands.

h .





[Continued from page 353.] 4 Watermelons.Out Cast iron rules will not do in horse FREE FREE FREE !

one on the other side to facilitate the of the 60,000,000 populationin management any more than in the

loading of cars. The upper floor is the United States probably 58,000- family.Put.

used for storing crates and paper while of them interested .
000 are some way a prickly halter on the calf that
the entire lower floor is devoted to and somewhere in the luscious water- sucks his mates. It will soon break

wrapping, crating, etc. The buildingis melon. Some people grow them, him of the habit. WH ITN ER'S

handsomely painted and as neat and some ship them, some sell them, but Don't think that young animals fed
clean as a parlor. eats them. Some people
everybody with milk do need
or whey daily not
The Florence company is an asso- like and and and
pears oranges grapes abundant fresh .
ciation of tomato growers formed for strawberries and apples, and some _._ IN .

co-operation and mutual benefit. The people don't, but everybody just loves -

officers are: Dr. F. W. Inman, Pres- watermelons and peaches. It's true [1LORIDAolPATCR irG'ROWEARM

dent; D. W. Storer, Treasurer; R. H. sometimes they say that watermelonswill U l FREE TO ALL.

Birge, Secretary; E. R. Wharton, give you the colic, but nobody EDtf' R A..t.nc..ww ;

Superintendent. believes it, and if they did watermelon. 11 CON>>UO.\TtUNlU.'Cou.

Tne tomatoes are brought from the colic would not kill anybody. Watermelons -
CHAS. W. DaCOSTA, Publisher.
field in trays bearing the grower'sname. are too good, but that's neither ; ,

They are weighed and gross here nor there. I

weight credited to owner, after which What started out to I TEEMS OF SUBSCRIPTION
we say was ...... .. ........... .
For One Year .. ... $2.00 Until April 1st, 1892, I will mall to
sorted and the culls
they are are that the watermelon is
Georgia crop For Six Months..... .... .............. ..... i.oo
weighed, charged back to shipper and going to be much shorter this year all subscribers remitting: $2.00 for
in aU cash in advance.
thrown After assortedthe Subscriptions cases
away. being than last, and people who wait for the
renewal or new subscription,a copyof
Rates of
Advertising on Application.
tomatoes are taken to the wrapping markets to get overstocked so that

tables ((36 in number) where they are they will be sold for freight are goingto REMITTANCE should be made by* Check "Whltner's Gardening: In FlorI -
Postal Note, Money Order or Registered Letter: ,
deftly wrapped in white or tinted left. Last the vines com
get year to order ofFLORIDA "
I ida.
paper and artistically arranged in gal. menced bearing early and then about DISPATCH, FAIL ER AND

Ion baskets, six of which fill a crate. the first of July in South Georgia, FRUIT GROWER, To all who remit $5.00 I will send
All this part of the work is performedby
when said about
everybody they were
Jacksonville, Fla. this paper and the "World's Colum-
ladies, many of whom are the done, they took a fresh start and just

wives, daughters or sisters of the humped themselves, and if frost had I "CENT-A-WORD" COLUMN.To bian Exposition Illustrated," for

members of the association ; and so not come in October they would have' one year, the subscription price of
rigid are the rules that no lady who probably been at it insure insertion in this column, advertise
yet. merits must be accompanied by the money. which Is $4.00 per annum.C. .
would be excluded from the best so The acreage is less and the crop Advertisements must not exceed fifty words.

ciety can secure a position' in this will be much less, and the crop in Postage Count Stamps every word received,including in payment.name and address W. DACOSTA,

establishment. When all the chairsare South Georgia not having been killed PU LISIIER.
-Position as superintendent of""a
occupied 36 ladles are employedin the cold it last the WANTED
by as was year, grove by a thoroughly reliable and expe-
the Florence packing house, and whole crop of South Georgia and rienced man. F. T. LOCKYER, St. Petersburg,
Fla. s-5-2t The World's Fair.
the three smaller houses
packing at Southwest Georgia will not come on

. Winter Haven employ about as many at the same time. There is not one TILL June off 15th of previous I shall offer prices, at as 25 nicely per cent budded,dis- We have received the last issue of

more. The ladies are paid one centa man in fifty that has increased his trees(sweet stock) as ever grew in Florida. H.
basket for and fromi P. WALKER, Manager Lake Region Nursery Co., the "World's Columbian Exposition
wrapping, earn acreage, but, on the contrary, most Auburndale Polk Co., Fla. 5-5-3t
$ to $2 a day. One lady, however, everybody has reduced and a good illustrated the only authentic organof
to what she could dQ when N R. FITZIIUGH.of Picolata, Fla., will trade
just see
many have gone entirely out of the even one Berkshire Boar Pig,3 months old, the Great Fair. The object of this
she tried, made $3.03 one day. business. The decrease is much more for a yearling: bucK sheep. 4-28-21
About fifteen in publication is to give a complete authentic
men are employed noticeable in Southwest Georgia thanit 200 ACRES OF CHEAPLY IRRIGATED

the Florence packing house in weigh is in South Georgia.-Fruit-Grower. machinery.TRUCKING or even artesian LAND wells.without A black expensive soil, historical record of the Colum-

ing, sorting, crating and branding.As several feet in depth, level as a floor free from
timber which be flooded the closing of bian Exposition. It contains
a matter of curiosity we asked all can by a 32 pagesof
Maj. A. J. Russell, in his addressto gate at the mouth of the ditch draiuingtheglade.For .
the ladies and most of the men what particulars address GEO. W. HASTINGS: ,In- official proceedings, and will give
the superintendents recom- .
county terlachen, Fla.ARTESIAN
their native States and learned
were, mends that all the schools celebrateby illustrations Enameled
photographic printed on -
that eighteen States and the Districtof WELL MACHINERY-For sale, or
appropriate exercises the four hun- for cows, or orange and lemon
Columbia were represented, viz.: dreth anniversary of the discovery of tree A. A. BALDWIN Georgiana Fla. paper of all the Exhibits, Build
Ohio Indiana Illinois Missouri
America by Columbus, and also suggests FOR SA Ln-Fint-cl ss,complete 2-horse power, ings, and attractions of the Great Fair.
Iowa, Tennessee, Mississippi\ Georgia, 3 and 4-inch artesian we.l rig. Has bored
North Carolina Virginia. West Vir- that this would be an auspicious 500 feet with ease. Cost 5400, will sell for$200. As a work of Art, containing the most
occasion for the patrons, pupils and 4-28-31 PAGET HALL, Georgiana, Fla.

ginia, Kentucky, New York, Pennsyl teachers to make a small offering Tilghman'g Condition Powder interesting information, it is invaluable

vania, Connecticut, Vermont, Maryland toward the fund for the educational are guaranteed to cure Salt-sick cattle and prevent to all \\ho wish to keep with the
and Florida. Strange to say, cholera in chickens. Best medicine for all up
exhibit at Chicago. He calls the at- stock. For ale all over Florida Sample pack-
three other States had few times and learn of the International .
only as tention of the school officers to it at age by mail, for 35 cts. W. G. TILGIIMAN. Palai- great -
as Florida. ka. F.ta 4-i4-iot
representatives- .*. this time, so that the pupils may be WALL PAPER-Cheaper than any house in Enterprise.It .
assigned their parts. and be preparedas state. Sam pies prices and instructionsfree
Bought feed, high-priced pedigrees the date, October 12th, comes so Jacksonville,by mail. Fla.J. F. ROBINSON' 15 W. Bay 3-24-6m street, will be published semi monthly

and a little carelessness will quickly in the fall making eighteen
soon after the opening of the Florida early ,
for small investments,
make ducks and drakes of the FLORIDA'S
public schools. Governor Fleming Estate Journal," Arcadia, Fla.
for Price .
copies present year. $},
business. $1.00 per year: sample, with state map 10 cents.
heartily approves the plan. 3-24-i2in
postpaid; 25 cents a copy. Subscriptions -
... FOR SALE-Whipporwill pees, per bushel, f.o.
> %%%-% %%**%%%%%- % %%%%%%%%%% To enlarge the cow's udder by run- .. $2.00; Conch peas(limited quantity), per taken at this office where the
WORTH A GUINEA A BOX."|j pound post paid, 2OC; Chufa seed, per pound ,
,,, ning her or jumping her over the barsis post paid 35c; per peck, f. o. b., $1.50; pearl
scientific millet per pound post paid, 35c; four pounds, paper can be seen, or send 25 cents
not development. f 1.25; ten pound!, f. o. b., 52.00. Send cash with
lJfl1ViSCURE order. EXCELSIOR SEED FARM Keuka Fla. for sample copy to

Oi@ee GOe a-4-tf B. CAMPBELL
The raallost Pill in the World! FOR AND GARBER'S HYBRID PEAR
\ TREES WR'TE TO B. W. PARTRIDGE :MON- Editor and Publisher,

SICK HEADACHE .Tuit's Tinw Fills TICELLO SALE, FLA.-One second hand Washington ii26tfFOR 218: La Salle Street, Chicago, Ills.

SAVES MONEY Press for sale cheap at this office. -
Disordered Liver, etc e Write for narticularT
They Act Like Magic on the Vital Organs, Ono vial of thes*pUls trill BaY::>> "Tht World's Columbian Exposition

,, Regulating the Secretions back restoring the Keen long ..,.specially dollars In prflll'aN'd doctor's bills.a family They med-avo T & CO., Dlusratttand the FLORIDA DISPATCH,
lost Complexion iclne, ana supplies want Ions felt. LILLY
of Appetite and arousing with the WHOLESALE
Edge They remove unhealthy nccumula- ,
ROSEBUD OF HEALTH the whole physical tlona from th.body without nausea or' FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER: for one
energy of the human frame. These Factsare griping Adapted to old and yonnff.ft FRUITS AND PRODUCE.
admitted by thousands in all classes of trice,25c. OTlce,3D Parl.PllccN. .( year, mailed to any address, for $5.
Sale in the World. GENERAL
CoTered with a Tasteless&Soluble Coating. -9 a perfect Imitation of nature;imposs-;@ COMMISSION I MERCHANTS. ,

Of Price::; cents a Box. iblo to detect it. Price, *1 per box 218 Street Tenn. Publisher. FLORIDA DISPATCH, FARMER -
King Chattanooga, .
New York Dtpot...:)""36i"Canal" "St.,'...m aee> $ Consignments Solicited. AND FRUIT GROW) P





TAMPA & a OF .1!.1Pt




EAST COAST LINES } c HEREAFTER all, by fowls express sent,'
+ will go at one-half the former
: r rates-a great saving to my cus-
1 Extending Southeast, South and Southwest 4 tomers. This is by special arrangement -
i and is confined to
,c from Jacksonville, cover over one fowls from my yards.

thousand miles of tropical country, ami We are the largest breeders of
thoroughbred poultry in Florida.
reach all prominent winter and sumrnei i Come and see our stock or send

Florida rer for our illustrated catalogue and
pleasure resorts of :
# .. price list of 24supplies varieties.
Poultry of all kinds.
The East Coast, Incubators and Brooders, Shell
and Bone Mills, Clover Cutters.
The Great Lake Region Wire Netting Desiccated Fish and THECentral -
's Boiled Blood and Bone to make

The Phosphate Fields, ,.; hens lay. FloriDa & ,Peninsular

The Pineapple: Fields, EGGS TO HATCH.E. RAILROAD I CO.

The Orange GrovesAND .' W. AMSDEN, The FZspida Tnunk Liar

,. .= Ormond, Fla.

The Fruit and Vegetable 2fJieGINGINNJtTland -ANDSHORT -LINETO TAM P A AIn

; _
addition to its lone ta >tied connections -
I with the North ny

i River Jiinrt.oit: Live Oak. 'ulJulmnJack-:

,.. THREE THROUGH TRAINS 8onville and }I..ruauclin,
FLORIDA @rJ@@rJ@ Has this season ro-opened

VIA The pamasviile and Jjjcnticello; Route.

LIMITED.Vestibuled Tn connection with the S., F. & W. R. K.:the
The Trunk Line.These Alabama Mi.iiaiul( and the L. &: Nand tho lines

Tropical C from end to end. Solid train carrying Pullman's Finest Buffet Drawing and leading the fn North m Cnicago and ;West., St. Louis, Kansas City

Room Sleeping Can from ST. AUGUSTINE to CINCINNATI without change. Lighted with gas.

lines are equipped with the latent Day Coaches have conveniences of toilet,smoking apartment etc., and are attended by an experienced Through Cars from Cincinnati to
Jacksonville and
Tampa.Fast .
improved modern appliances for the porter. No extra charge. Leaves St. Augustine Dally, 11:05 A. M.; Jacksonville, 1:43: P. M.;Calla-

han,2:33 P. M.; Waycross,435 P. M.i; Jesup 6:10: P. M. Arrives Macon,11:32 P. M.;Atlanta,2:10: A.M.1 Schedule, I'ltlhuan filerju-m. till. Modern -
( of Ji'iiltraiJinj.ructinrnt
safety and comfort *
passengers.Our Chattanooga, 8:00 A. M.;Cincinnati,7:20 P. M., and Chicago,7:00 A. M.

patrons call them the ) The Florida central I Peninsillar R.R.
IS! the greatest! artery of travel through tho
FINEST IN FLORIDA. twentyfourcountsGadsden.fetlersonluval
Pullman and Mann Buffet Sleeping Cars from JACKSONVILLE to CINCINNATI without chanc. ,Alachua,

Leaves Jacksonville Dally, 7:35 P. M.;Callahan, 8:10 P.M.;Waycrosv 10:30 P. M.; Jesup, 11:55: P.M.; Lake, Leon Suwannee, Nassau, Levy Orange; ,

f Trains Leave Jacksonville via J., Arrives at Macon, 5:12 A. M.; Atlanta, 8:25 A. M.;'Chattanooga, 2:00 P. M. Leave Chattanooga, 7.-00 Hill3borou.rh Marion, PoU>> : ,, :Manatee Wakulla Madison.Columbia.Maker firad-Clay,

T. & K. W.: P. M., arrives in Cincinnati 7:20 A. M., and Chicago 0:30 P.M. ford Suiati-r, Hernan-io and DeSoto-in their

Through Sleeping Cars leave Chattanooga for Washington, Philadelphia and New York at 8:35 A. M.; richest portion. It runs through the Middle \ -
8:30: a.m. daily, except Sunday ; 12:30 |>.m. 9S P. bf. Florida Region of Hill Country where are
daily ; 4UUP.m.: ) u.iily; e. cvpt: Sunday ; via the Scenic Shenandoah Valley Route. the tine oldFartniny

8K: ) p.m. daily, except Suns ay. : Lands and the New Tobacco
I Rates to all Eastern Points are as low by these lines as by any all rail routes. For berth reservations F'.1II11
Arrive 7:30: a.m., 8:00: a.m., 12:55: p.m., folders and all information, apply to any Ticket Agent in Florida,or to (reached! by no other line), some of them con-
7:40 ducted on a large scale. Here arc Quincy
: p.m.Trains F. M. JOLLY, Dist. Pass. Agt., 82 W. Bay St., Astor Block, JACKSONVILLE, FLA. Tallahassee (the capital) MontU-clio Madison!
and other towns, from whobo (;comtortable
Leave Jacksonville via East B. \WRKNN, C. N. KlGHT, ample dwelling, reposing in a fertile country -

Coast Lines : Gen'l Pass. Ticket Agt, Aist Gen1 Pass. Act, is coining a renewed energy to employthe
KNOXVILLE, TENN. ATLANTA, GA. resources: lavished about them. Stretch-

8:25: : a.m. daily, 1:00 p.m. daily, except ing down throughThe

Sunday; 4:05: ) p.m. daily. 1'eaeh Country
: P2J2 f1lI@NEW of Baker, IJr.id"ord, Alachua and Levy counties
Arrive 9:30: a.tn.,12:25: :> p.m., 5:40: p.m. through ne prosperous

strawberry Farms:

7 INDIAN RIVER STEAMERS LEAVE { DISCOVERY ACCIDENTIn of Lawtey, Starke and Waldo, perhaps superior -
TITUSVILLEFor in profit to the orange aron.--It goes
In compounding a solution a part was aec'dently' spilled' on the band through the- heart of tho State penetrating
and on washing:afterward it was discovered that the balr was completely -
Melbourne daily, except Sunday, removed. We at once put this wonderful preparation on the some of the finest groves, one having
market and so great baa been the demand that we 7OOOO J'tt.'lbrarinfOrantr Trees,
are now Introducing
5:00: a.m., 3:45: p.m.; Kocklcdge: 9:00: a.m., It throughout the world under the name of Queen's Anti-Hairlne.
parsing for nearly, a mile between them.
7:00: p.m. Arrive Melbourne\ 1:00: p.m., IT IS PERFECTLY HARMLESS AND "
? making; its wad -outhward to the Gulf, and to
12 midnight. Itetuniinjr leave Melbourne: SO SIMPLE ANY CHILD CAN USE IT. the more tropiiil: portions of the State. In

t 1:20: p.m., 12:30: : a.m.; RuckUtl;..c 4:50: > p.m., Lay the hair over and apply the mixture for a few minutes and the all portions or" the State it reaches points of .
8:00: a.m. Arrive Titusville 8:00: i'."., hair disappears afterward.as If by magic It without the slightest pain or Injury when' S rule Interest.Wakulla :
applied or ever any other preparation ever used! '
i 12 noon. ___ for a like purpose. Thousands of LADIES who have been annoyed Springs) in tho West the Suwannee ,
&::. --=. y :' with hair on tbelr FA CE, ECK and ARMS attest its merits. River teaIlUful: and romantic as it is :
I Leave Iloekledge for Jupiter daily, exCC'lt r = ,_ GENTLEMEN who do not appreclatea beard or hair on their ct, {amour. Silver Springs! in the lake region :
I arrive = '- find a boon in Queen's Anti-IIalrfne which does away and the la;\.-s themselves, with their surrounding :
80: following
nnday, : a.m., Jupiter P with Saving Its utter .
Ttf by rendering future growth an Impossibility 01 rolling land interspersed with
(lay, 3:30: a.111. Returning, leave Price of Queen's Antt-Halrine. per bottle, sent In safety malllnz boxes postage paid by us(securely pleasant homes in green groves sloping downto
I Jupiter dailv, except) Sunday, li)::>0 a.m. sealed pondence from strictly observation confidential.). Send money or stamps by letter with full address written plainly.In word Corres-It th. Hear lake fronts fly means of this ..
This advertisement Is honest and straight forward every tho
Arrive Kockledge following day, :o:00;:: a.m. contains. We Invite you to deal with ns and TOO will flnrt everything as represented. Cut this out and road you can most readily
send to-day. Address QUEEN CHEMICAL CO., 174 Race Street, CINCINNATI O. You can Jlttnt'unj acid 1'lehluyround,. ,
I Steamer ST. AUGUSTINE" Leaves register of your letter at any Post Office to Insure its safe ..IJVt ry We will pay 8SOO: for any case The settler will find on the line of this road 1
I failure or slightest Injury to any purchaser. Every bottle guaranteed. i (greater opportunity for n varied selection .
ORMOND i C D C n 111-To ladles who Introduea and sell among their friends 25 Bottles of Queen's AfltMXalrlBa, )f land than on any other road in tho Sttte
iI I .OrCUIDL- we win present with a SILK DRESS.yards best silk. Extra Large Bottle and lamp rom i.ghtt-n soil to those underlaid with
of silk to select from sent With order. Good Salary or Commission to Ag nu.
8:00: a.m. Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays slay and marl and of richest bammo karhctner -
for Rockledge I and! way landings. -- for regular. mixed farming stock or
airy farming, peach or strawberry culture >

: Mondays Returning\ ,Wednesdays leaves Rockledge and Fridays.8:00: a.m. receive Did yon our ever Roses receive the same a letter way-by You mall can A MAN Piano:for S450 orange The tourist groves!'will and he vegetable gratified; gardens.with its scenery.

health-eeker its ample route can find
The on
I Connections are made at Jupiter with vanlan postpaid.can The alike Californian enjoy the or advantage the Tennsyl-of i HIS I NEIGHBOR I some spot adapted to his wants.$ On the hard ,
road of Middle Florida the horseman
; trains of J. & L.W. Railway for all points dealing direct at the Rose headquarters of TON paid onlyS375. riil;lay ride with speed and satisfaction and the ;
the world. Success Is universal with our
Worth. Florida Central and Peninsular Is the
on Lake .
> THEIR ''JHlrllfmnll' ROllif'
For schedules, maps, etc., call on local ROSES Forthevery.ameHeithercmesasworth"a n. NOTE.-Passengers from Northern connections -
OWN ROOTS having tickets over the Florida Central
agents, or address the General Passenger: :!
a nickel over$300. md Peninsular to joints in South Florida
Agent. We desire the acquaintance of every Insure Yourself aavetheprivilegeot( being taken Into JACk- ,
flower lover in America and offer our Eo.- onville over the Company's line and allow,,ut
B. 11. CABLE AV. L. cn.\"'Fonn. Guide and Catalogue, free, by way of In- against ftnroi Pig by baying trAorbifciitf -( stop-over within the going limits of tho
General Manager. Supt. East Coast Lines troduction. It mirrors our immense stock, direct from ticket with return to their route for c.'CUBR-)
and gives of a don free of extra charge. Send for map of
a quarter century's
JM T. & K. W. System. St. Augustine, Fla flower experience for the asking special HIDDEN & BATES, Savannah, Ga. .Florida mailed free.A. .

O. I>. ACKKUIA, Other flowers also. No fancy prices. Who have but 0n.fVf<*and th t the 1o** rkor+c. O. MACDON! ELL, O. P. A..
General Passenger Agent The Guide without price. Bend yonr address. You can't pay them more than Instruments Jacksonville. Fin.
'THE DIN I GEE A. CO N A R D COO/ are actually worth. They are not built that war.RortGrowatb'SerdrMaxyyESTCROVEPA. N. S. PE.'lSJNGTOYt.Traftlc Manager.D. .
I Jacksonville, Fla. .< Writ for Iatrt SPECIAL OFFEKS. E. MAXWELL, General ManagoLE



Th e B e11 view l\-nin.g C omp: : w ..- ,r's Qre etii .

. To the Orange Growers and Market Gardeners of Florida: .

"We produce the Leading Phosphate of the world. It is the cheapest. It is the best. It is a quick, vigorous fertilizer. It increases the crops.

Analysis by eminent chemists show that it contains over 50 per cent of bone phosphate of lime that is available at once in soil water, the balance, 20 to 30 pe-

cent, becomes gradually: available. Experts certify to its having a value as plant food green as it comes from the mine, of over $25 per ton as compared with commercial -

acidulated fertilizers, and no danger in its use. The analysis of our'Soft Phosphate, as given by Serge Malyvan, of Ocala, is as"follows:

Insoluble Silicate and Sand....... ......18.761 I Phosphoric!' Acid.... ................,. .... 1770 I I Oxide of Iron ... .. ................... ........ 74 I Magnesia and Soda ......... ..... .... 6.",
Carbonate Lime .... ....................... 4.561 j Equivalent u> Bone Phosphate Lime. .... ...3900 I Aluminum ........................ 2.07 | Moisture........... ......... .............. 6,55He I

says your Soft Phosphate, referring to the Belleview Soft Phosphate, will be soluble, by gradual steep, under influence of rain water,.provided it is per-
fectly burnt and pulverized in line powder. 0 .

Serge JIalyvan says that after analyzing samples of Soft Phosphate from different mines throughout the State, that the only soluble Soft" Phosphate is con-

tained in an area of about six miles at and around Belleview. I

The Belleview Soft Phosphate is especially good for peach, pear and orange trees, grape vines and strawberries. and for cotton and corn it has no equal.

The analysis of our Soft Phosphate shows that every element it contains is: absolutely essential as plant food, and every intelligent man will see the importance {

of buying plant food at so little cost per ton.

More About Soft Phosphate. rowed this in. I did not measure the yield only I gives them their dark green color? Certainly cation have just commenced to start up. Mr. Me
The following in regard to soft phosphate it in my cart as I gathered it. I got as much corn j{ !nothing the soil,as it is poor pine? land: Neither Master of the firm of McMaster& Miller! of San
taken from the Gainesville Sun: from the sixteen rows that had soft phosphate on is it good cultivation. Chemistry!' teaches that Mateo, visited my grove a few days since and expressed -
That soft phosphate is rapidly gaining favor it as I did from the next thirty rows. '1 he corn I orange trees require potash, phosphoric acid and himself as being very much astonished
with the fruit and vegetable growers there is no did not dry up any for want of rain, as the rest of! lime and the pine lands of Florida require humus at the growth of the trees where the soft phosphate
ort of doubt. Those who have given it a test un- the crop did. I am well pleased and will use it In muck and phosphate we have all but the had been applied. If you will remembet
hesitatingly speak of it in the most complimentary this year on all my crops." potash. This added gives us a perfect fertilizer, the first shipment! of Phosphate was made less
terms. Mr. George Saxon, writing from and yet there are men who tell us". that it will not than sixty days since, and until the last few days
Tallahassee' says: do, that the raw materials must be manipulated we have had very;little rain.
The sort phosphate referred tom in the granulated Soft Phosphate. by the chemist, and refined product fed to our .1 am fully convinced that one ton of the Belle-
article, containing the elements of ground bone Mr Sutton, one of our Alliance! ex-editors trees. What nonsense! I don't believe any such view Soft Phosphate has a greater; value as a plant
and 50 per cent phosphate of lime (bone phosphate writes as follows to the Florida Agriculturist on a laws entered into the Divine plan of Nature"- food than a ton of any Fertilizer; that has ever
) crude as it comes from the mine. This matter of much interest to our farmers: Phosphate; Field. been brought into the State,and I would warmly
sort phosphate was put upon cotton last year "Now Mr. Editor, I am the same crank still Mr. button has since; ordered thirty-five tons to recommend its use to the orange growers in the
alongside of cotton seed as fertilizers, and the re- only more so, on the subject of muck, soft phosput on his groves adjoining Welshton. State. Yours truly, _
cult wan fully, or more than double, in yield of phate and home-made fertilizers, and, like the D. GREENLKAT.' -
cotton over the cotton seed while it :gave: four fellow who killed the rattle snake I have the -
times the yield over the same land without any rattles to show. My trees are loo ing better ac- JACKSONVILLE, FLA., June it, 1891.
fertilizer. Rev. T. W Moore, of Leesburg looked cording to age than adjacent groves upon which C. B. SMITH, President Belleview Phosphate Co., CEDAR KEYS, FLA., Dec.2r, 1891.
at this crop while in full fruitage and he said that commercial fertilizers have been used. Muck, Jacksonville, Florida: C. B. Smith, President. Belleview Mining Company -
at that time that the cotton fertilized by this soft lime, soft phosphate, stable manure and potash DEAR SIR-Enclosed please find my order for :
phosphate had three times more fruit on it than will do me to make a grove with and I don't two more cars of Soft Phosphate. I have used I DEAR SIR-Yours of ith received. It give
that fertilized with cotton seed. Thinking this think I will come in behind in the race with the se'enty-five tons of"th'is'Th'ospnate. and have i i me pleasure to state that I have used nothing but
estimate may have been a little high I put it as chemical fertilizer men either. noticed with much interest its effect on my orange I the Belleview Soft Phosphate!' on my grove the
above, but I am free to admit that he is a better "Any one having any doubts as to the solubility trees. The first car load applied to somethingover past year, pnd I have been more than satisfied
judge of such matters than I am." of soft phosphate would have these doubts re- five hundred trees, and the results have been with the results. The trees! are looking as well
J. T. Smith, writing from Levy county,says: "I moved by visiting a small grove Welshton simply marvelous. The adjoining five hundred as they have ever looked- even when I used expensive
put soft phosphate on sixteen rows of corn last which has had no other fertilizer in the past two trees received no fertilizing and the difference fertilizers.; Many persous have heard ofspringinaboutafouracrefiddofcornonaboutan
years than phosphate. It has not had any cultivation between the two fields is something wonderful. my experiment, and You.. phosphate has ad-
average quality of the land. I broadcasted the ; this season,and yet it is holding its own On one side every tree has started with a vigorous vanced in their estimation.Very .
soft phosphate over the land, after breaking it up I with well-worked and fertilized groves If not growth. The finest foliage that I have ever seen truly yours,
well, at about two tons per acre. Then I har- soluble what makes these trees grow; what : in a grove. The trees which received no appli- REV. P. R.. I1OZ4f.A".r.

"We offer this Phosphate at prices so low that it is in reach of every orange grower and gardener. Prices F. O. B. cars at Belleview, Florida :

Per tons Ur1c1rlec1., in:>> B'1.I.1I: 3u.00
Par: tons DrJe: cl, in JBtjillt: $03.00 ,
Per tons 13urxnt: 1 Qiirid: card S oliied: ar $s.oo ....

Put up in 200-pound sacks. Orders for less than one ton, 50 cents per ton extra. Terms, cash with order. Send orders, and apply for further particulars,

testimonials, freights, etc., to .'

C. B. SMITH, President and General Manager, Jacksonville, Fla.



S. BA pert, Latestlmptrovrd runt.Aeupr.G uurYrrtect.uuzwd ITS CAUSES AND CURE
Empire Pumpatlt the aaend autom.4eallf ant wt11 spray 100 Trees 1'er flour.i ,
", make the Little Gem aot Garfield Kllapaaek Sprayers ant tbe ,'ermon"l1 .
.pray nozzle,mart ecoDomlcai spray natal.is the worl<1. Aho a Hone Power Sprayer at low price. Scientifically treated by an auri&t of world-wide
W..ell Sulphate of Coppno Paris OrPf'D and I..nden Purple at wbolesale] prlcea. Cat.loRe frf'e.Writ' reputation. Deafness eradicated and entirely
addnuplaloly. wing..euty.FIELDFOILCEPUMPCO.I2611ri.tol, ve.LOCIL1'O1LTy.Y. cured of from 20 to 30 years' standing; after all t
other treatments have Jailed. How the difficultyis FO SALE.
reached and the caue removed, fully explained -
your old family Bibles; make them a-! in circular, with affidavits and testimonials -
REPAIR as new. DaCo!'ta Printing and Pub a ti s of cures from prominent people, mailed
tuning House, Jacksonville, Fla. a C ,, uA free.
CO Dr. A. FONTAINE9: East 14th St., N. Y.

Vn --4i I have had placed in my hands
DoYouRaiseFruit p po poronlykeepTrees A SCHOOLFitting
and offer for sale a

9 :young men for the active duties of life.
? .. n q"S chartered: by the Legislature of Virginia, and
o + (lompletB printing [Office
,,1 endorsed by the Chamber of Commerce, Council, ,
end prominent citizens of the city where located.
I For catalogue,circulars a nd testimonials,address
on II I. G'DUNSMORE. President Staunton Va.



This Tree TT1S Sprayed. This Tree nu NOT Sprayed. I .
There's a difference-in satisfaction, and in cash. I Western Agents, CHICAGO ILL.
Write for Catalogue and TKKATISE ON SPBAVIXO.UGHTHINa .
The"let alone" theory is played out. Insect
I. Further information on application to
enemies that the Fruit Grower
are so numerous $5 t0 $15 per day, lrt
(large or small), must fight or fail. The Spray : home, ztelllnR

Pump is his weapon. It will yet be as commonas : Sb and ptatinglewelrywatebe.PLATER

the plow. When spraying gets to be business, I Heat tableware of ,Jewlry&e. Plate good the a* Chas. W. DaCosta

then the best pump for the business is desirable. tr -j new ea all kiotls of metal .1'
y with Enid,direr *r sick i.
That inquiry brings one to Goulds Double l exppTimM. Ko capital.ETT JACKSONVILLE FLA
Acting Spray Pumps. They excel all othersin -,,y, in Tlt'lnf.tfra+e ha Wholesale nods need-

effectiveness of work. Made in requisite ac $S.Writ for circular A
every : bright' n rgf'tfcman
*. T:.DEIJVO or
form, to save' bushes, vines, or plants; in I -i yvo.,Colawbu.,0. de $ 50. 0 0 .woman olea.eneyforanartlcl.wanted to take the

yard, field, or garden. Get a circular and full Clark's Cutaway that ii needed In every
Notice to Shippers and Others Interested.On home and IndUpm"
information on this timely subject, from ble In
CO. f HARROWS AND CULTIVATORS. | March the zst ult. I disposed of my interest!' A SELLS every AT IG"T: o81ee.In
in the CHICAGO SOUTHERN FRUIT & VEGETABLE town ureocot" 87OUin(
& \ I keep in stock seven styles, cutting in width DESPATCH LINE, and am no longer connected afterward.w days and a steady income
Mfrs. of Pumps Hydraulic Machinery, from two ((2)) to six ((6)) feet at prices from $10.00 W E E K right A "Bonanza"forth
to Send for catalogueK. with corporation as an official or stock holder. jwrson. Good
Works, SENECA FALLS, N Y 9-31.oo. jobs are scarce and
S. 1IUBBARD, Gen. State Agent. I EDWARD S. Lam, soon takeD. W .Iowe..
Warerooms 16 Murray Street, N.Y. Federal Point, Fla. '. Chicago,111. 4-i4-it J. N. OSJZIi. Jlanager, '. Iiprhl.a.l 011.0.

:1 1




L -




The magnificent Steamships. of this Line are appOInted

to' sail as. follows. calling at Charleston, S. C.,

both ways :

From New York. From Jacksonville, r
1 ,
rf .7
(Pier 2e.. I;. R.) ; {!I4MER i Florida. } rtQ

Wednesday, Apr. 27th at 3 p. M...... "ALGONQUIN," ......Tu ay. May 3d.at 10:30: A. M .
Friday Apr. 29th, at 3 p. M ..... "CHEROKEE" .....Thursday May 5th, at 12:00 N'N
' Monday May 2d, at 3 Y. M...... "SEMINOLE, .......Sunday May 8th, at 2:30: p. M
Friday" May 6th, at 3 P. M....... "IROQUOIS.". ......Wednesday,May nth, at 4x10 A. M
Monday, May 9th, at 3 P. M...... "ALGONQUIN," ......Sunday, May I5th, at 6:30 A. M h
r Wednesday May nth, at 3 P. M...... CHEROKEE: ," ....Tuesday. May ijth at 8xx: A. M ..
Friday.liIay J that 3 P. a:....... SEMINOLE.." .......Thursday, May 19lhat 10:30: A. M
Monday, May I Wh, at.1 P. 1.1........ 'UJlOQtJOIS.!'. ......Sunday, May 22d. at |:xx> p. M, '
Friday, ..... ..... 1
May 2oth at.3 P.M. "ALGONQUIN, .Thursday May 26th, at 5:30 A. M
' Monday, May "23d, at } f. V<..... "CHEROKEE." ......Sunday. May 29th, at yjoo: A. M,
, Wednesday, May 25th, at 3 P. M.......;"SEMINOLE.".. ......Tuesday, May 3 ist, at 9x10: A. M
Friday May 27th, at .t.P.. M.'.".': "IROQUOIS," :. Thursday! June<< 2d, at 10:30: A. M t


For Sanford Enterprise and intermediate points on St. Johns River. The Elegant Iron Side-
Wheel Steamers "CITY OF JACKSONVILLE." Capt. W. A. Shaw; FRED'K DEBARY," Capt.
T.' W. Luud.Jr., are appointed to sail from Jacksonville! daily, except Saturday, at 3:30: p. m., and
from Sanford daily except Sunday, at 9 a. m. Gr.IS
: Join Christopher

Leave.. 330 p. M.......... ............. ..Jacksonville............................Arrive READ II-UP.4S P. :M: APPOINTED TO SAIL
8xx p. M..................... .......Palatica.................. .............Leave 7:00 p. M FROM NEW YORK. FROM JACKSONVILLE.
. 1.30 A. M., ....,..................,. ....Astor.............,..................... 2:00 P. )f
. M ana A. M............ ...............St. Franci.............................. 12:45: p. M Fridays,April 29, May 13 27 and June ip and 24. Thursdays! May.5, Il! and June 2, 16 and 3(%
*t SXXJA.: i*................... ..... ...Beresford...........................,... 11:45 A. v. This fteamtlilp hag. been built especially for tarrying Fruit and Vcyetablef 1; gnd it
6QG A. ii.........".................Blue&prings.............................. noo A, H perfectly ventilated Time Vettceeit JacKsonville and 3eto York.72 hours :
Arrive 8:00 A. M.......... ...................Sanr >rd........................ ...... .. 9:00: A. M
9:15: A. M.... ........................Enterprise.....,........................ 9:30 A. M W. H. CHRISTOPHER, W. A. SOMERVILLE, JNO. G. CHRISTOPHER,
General Passenger and Ticket Office, 88 West Bay St., Jacksonville. Agent Jacksonville. Agent Pier New 49 York.East River. Gcn'IMan'r, ,Jacksonville.

JOHN L. HOWARD, Florida Freight Agent foot Laura Street,Jacksonville, Fla.
F. M. IRONMONGER, Jr., Florida Passenger Agent, 88 West Bay St., Jacksonville, Fta.
MARSHALL II. CLYDE, Assistant Traffic Manager Bowling Green, New York.
.IV. F. OGDEN FAY, Traveling Passenger Agent, 88 West Bay Street. SAVANNAH LINE.Time .
TIIEO. G. KGER, Traffic Manager 5 Bowling Green. New York.
J. A. LESLIE, Superintendent, foot Laura Street Jacksonville Fla.WM. .
to hours between Savannah New York and
53 55 Philadelphia,
P. CLYDE & CO. Gen'l Agents
between Boston and Savannah, 65 to 70 hours.
12 South Delaware Avenue, Philadelphia. 5 Bowling: Green, New York.



pa.ssnae; Ra.'tes I
t Office 59 West Bay. Street Warehouses and Wharves at the terminus of the F. C. & P. R. R., St
""I I. Johns River, East Jacksonville. ? Between Jacksonville and New York: First-class, $25.60; Intermediate, $19.00 j Excursion, $.t3.sa.
Steerage, $12.50.

Manufacturers of Commercial Fertilizers. Jacksonville and Boston : Cabin, $21.90; Intermediate $21.00; Excursion, $47.30; Steerage ( 4."
r. The magnificent Steamships of this Company are appointed to sail as follows:
Wholesale dealers in and importers of all kinds of Agricultural Chemicals.
Send ut your name and we will mail you from time to time much general information rccardicg.Mceeasfnl FROM SAVANNAH TO NEW YORK.
orange and vegetable culture in Florida.IiTAI3LISHLrD. [Central or ffJo Meridian Time.]

City of Augusta..... ..... Monday, May 2d, io.ooa.rn
: 1S i. I Tallahassee................ May 3d io.oop.rn
i- I Kansas ... Friday, May 6th,
Chattahoochee ................. ..............Saturday, May 7th, 3.00 p.m
WILLIAM A. BOURS & CO. Nacoochee........................Monday, May 9th, 2.00 p.m
.. City of Jllrmingham ..... ....... ..............Tuesday, May loth, 4.30 p.m
City of ..............................Friday.loIay ijth, 6.ooa.m
r WHOLESALE Tallahassee ..........Saturday, May 14th, 7.00 p.m
Kansas City.........
May i6th 8.00 p.m

;f Grain Garden Seeds and Fertilizers Nacoochee Chattahoochee.............,.....to...... y, May, May I7tht aotb,9.00 laooxa p.ra
City of Birmingham............................. Suturday, Mayaist 1.30 p.m
/ City of Augusta .............................................. .......Monday, May 23c1, 3.00 p.m
i 20 WEST BAY STREET JACKSONVILLE FLA. Tallahassee.................'...............Wednesday, May 25th, 3.00 a.m
Kansas ...,.,..1...... Friday, May 27th, 6.ooa.m
t Chattahoochee............................*.........Saturday, May 27th, 7.00 p.m

9 Hay Corn Oats Flour Bran Wheat Grits Meal FROM SAVANNAH TO BOSTON.City .
of\Iacon ...
..Thursday, May stb.
Gate City.....,.................... ..............................,..Thursday, May 12th 5.30 p.m
I COTTON. SEED MEAL Both and Dark. City of Macon..........i......... Thursday, May 19th, 10.30: a.m
I Bright Gate .............Thursday, May 26th, 5.00 p.m

J J. E. Tygert&Co/s GROUND BONE, ( Ship does NOT Carry Passengers.)

NITRATE SODA Dessong....................................................Monday, May 2d, lo.ooa.m
Star Brand Fertilizers ; Dessoug...............,....Thursday, May X2th, 5.30 p.m
GUARANTEED- ANALYSIS, MURIATE; OF POT1 HJ Dessoug...................Saturday, May 22dj i.oop.m


Orange Tree and Vegetable ,
KAINIT Etc Connecting with the Savannah Florida and Western Railway (Waycross Short Line), offer to the .
t FERTILIZER. Traveling Public and Shippers advantages equalled by no other line.
Through Ticket and Bills of Lading issued to principal points North, East and Northwest via
I\ These Fertilizers have no superior in the market and a trial will convince. Savannah. For iuformatiou and m.orw.lvln ; *

B. R. PRICE. Soliciting Agent, w. Ji. LUCAS, Fla. Pass. Agent,
t GREAT OFFER *S3fiBWand UPRIGHT PIANOS. 77 West Bay Street,Jacksonville. 77 West Bay Street Jacksonville
nod FINEST FACTORY New Pier No. 35. North River, New York. City Exchange Building, Savannah, Ca..
RICHARDSON & BARNARD. Agents, Lewis' Wharf. Boston.
i Organ?, IN UNITED STATES. W. L. JAMES, Agent. 13 S.Third Street Philadelphia. .'
.i I $35. Always ready for QUICK SHIPMENTS of Finest J. D. UASIIAGEN, Eastern Agent, Sav., Fla. & Western Ry. Co., 361
OatrlAllnToarhom Pianos and Organs Direct to Your fpmes.a A.DeW. SAMPSON. General Agent W. I;.ARNOLD. Gen.Trar.Agt.,Jacksonville. Fla.
I. 306 Washingtpn st., E !lton. W. If RII$TT. General Agent,
before From REV.JAS..M.POTTS.: D..editor*fMkh, For Tickets apply to S., F. & "'.Railway office. 317 Broadway, New' York.
P them for Igan Christian Advocate Detrolt,1lich.: "To say that :
we are delighted with the Piano does not i
Andras the fact. ,We are jubilant. If all instruments express O you need stationery of any bind-paper I ff!
Kb*- Ti firrogcf Son Pl&D03p& Organ, are as fine in appearance and as pleasing your in tone.i. D pens and ink? If so, send to DBCosta Primt- 'LESICkuAll I
l t BEAVER this one,your patrons will rise by the hundred.". log and Publishing House,Jacksonvtle, Fla .. ,
I i From PROf. a..U. P1 CL Valb4pnoso' 4n ings, Ala.: ('W4' X1ld n9l be pleased better with
tbtp; .sing or tone:jJulck in respops and JUdodlOU5. lu shortwearFhiglilypkascdwitbtheorganrFrom
B. D. ORIGGS Adaiim11e, G1t:: 1 am well pleasahrith the organ In every respect. Ul$ Uld _..S .Axe .l901HNG CHllOMH O}
all yon claim it to be." | ; 2 ,
Y. M. C. A., per 1, G.COOLEY} nm b9ro.'N.C.i' "Th.e organ gives entire satisfactions I I | fe&IW & teajiiJracA>ng.. rct.Afo"-: :;. nbject to'ft FA SMS ar;'-mo.t HlrtlT trovbied; with
lkerY.o ut From BEN F STEELE, prescot Ark. family Js well pleas4.bJ with the n-T3S.CAMAl.ST..CHICAGO.ILL. ; "' lf.
nay respect .... .1IwNe.enIlO7MntDU..andn."erfaU.Is. a
j .txu. How you HU ttew 99 cheap it, s woeder.1'From ELK STRUT.DALLAS.TEXAS. f Iar7f.baUb-tDlCI&laanlL.L. ..e.yoWbtc"r In






.- .
"..,.., -

] -* FflTllIZEiISi.Blood t

.. ( .. .

and Bone, Chicago I3orie Nfea1, :

Pure Tine Ground Bone, Da.rl; and Bright Cotton Seed Meal,.
Animal Bono and Potash, Tobacco Sterns: : .

Blood, Bone and Potash, Canada Hard Wood Ashes,

Pulverized Animas Bone, Sulphate: of Potash,




GEO. E. WILSON 50 West Bay Street, Jacksonville, Fla., .

President. Vice-President.::
H. T. BAYA, THOS. W. CONRAD, ; lly Buying the FERTILIZERS that are Manufactured by the OLD ESTABLISHED. h '
a. _. Cashier. Assistant Cashier ]



.Respectfully solicits your Deposits, Collections and General ,. ..

Banking Business.CORRESPONDENCE .. '. These FERTILIZERS are made especially for the r ,


; ,i Orange, Vegetable and Pineapple Growers of Florida. : ,

Southern Office and Warehouse at Jacksonville, Florida. '.
4 DIRECTORS I 0 O. B. WEEKS,. State Agent, "
John L. Marvin '. A. B. Campbell, Chas. Marvin, "
Jas. P. Taliaferro T.W. Roby, Judge R. B.Archibald No. 8 Bostwick Block. 1
W. B. Clarkson, C. B. Rogers, W. M. Davidson
Dr. H. Robinson. John E. Hartrldge. Catalogue describing our Fertilizers, with prices and testimonials, sent.free'

upon application. ,r

GIVE US A. 7rlia> -----
ro.,.. 1


.1 .

BowkefsVegetable !


.tQ .11'' Grower. .

"Uniform good results. In every reject
I i the very best hieh-graJe Fertilizer I ever
used." J. B. Wyatt, Supt. Fair Oak
Groves, Manatee, Fla.

--- "* 7EGETABLES GROW in 66 to 90 days,

V and, as a rule, do best on a manure that

b'EHT1HZERSARE is available and about ready to. nourish. i

Bowker's Vegetable Grower is a special fertilizer,
made to produce a vigorous, healthy growth, and
They produce a strong growth of wood and a large yield of the best quahty Iruit. Mr.F.C Buffura,
of Stanton Fla.,says: "I am cultivating nearly 300 acres of orange and lemon trees and a nursery. is composed of chemicals especially adapted to ,
the largest in the State and I hare experimented with and tested all the high-grade fertilizers
offered lor sale in the State and I find yours more satisfactory than any others I have used. Send vegetables, which feed this class of crops in a
for our beautifully illustrated pamphlet. manner to produce a healthy growth which withstands .

BRADLEY FERTILIZER CO, 27 Kilby St., Boston {AUGUSTAGA: disease and matures early. For sound,

delicious vegetables of good shipping quality, use

KIAIEI FOR SALE, : the BOWKER Fertilizers.

or would exchange for bearing grove and pay I I
_ cash difference Forty acres of rich Pine Hammock Send for Illustrated Catalogue, Free.
land. Thirty acres cleared, together with i
-l P I A NOS
plank causeway, X mile Ion, with dock and ) A. M. BOND, CENT.-AGENT
UNEQUALLED IN ferry I mile from Grahamville, on Ocklawaha If BOWKER FERTILIZER i JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA.r .
JU.-cri.;4 miles from Silver Springs. Address
Tone,Touch,Workmanslrp Durability
:JJaIUJnff,22 and 24 KartBaltlroor*Street.. A. TREADW.EL.tBedding.-, I-
'New York, 148 Firth AY. -
\Mklnrton, 817 Market Space.