Florida farmer & fruit grower
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055765/00229
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: S. Powers
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: April 21, 1892
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note: Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038466
oclc - 01387403
notis - AKM6256
lccn - sn 95026761
System ID: UF00055765:00229
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen

Full Text

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Proprietors. \"ol. IS', No. 16.






; Price Catalogues of weekly sales furnished CIS
, on application. UJ
De Gom.FOR ..
ESTABLISHED 18&&. d 44wAnd

t. BROS., rn
t. AGENTS ..s 0 .


Vholesali Oommittioa, fruits and TegeliHw.frompt :
Cr' retains. Steneili on application. .
159 South water Street.Chloaar Building Material.
';.. PALMER THE DIXIE--The new shipping melon; GOLD--A seedling with variegated CHARLESTON, S. C.
SUCCESSORS TO 1V flesh for home
.. superior to Kolb's Gem. ; splendid use.
THE WILD--A large native melon dlsTHE DELAWARE--The largest melon of
,.""' 166 Iteade Street, New York. i. covered among the Seminole A single melon weighed 129 poundsIn BENTON&UPSONJACKSONVILLE
.*.. SOUTHERN PRODUCE A SPECIALTY. In South Florida. 11 ounces. .

, Oranges lemons, Pineapples, and all other PRICE: Ten cents per packet, or one package each of the four varieties, thirty cents,
Fruits and early truck, also dried fruits,nuts, postpaid JFLA.,
far, .
: consignments promptly remitted for. Sten- Anyone ordering from this advertisement and mentions this'paper will receive a packet of White
; cDi::: and market reports furnished free. Gem Melon,the most prolific one known. ; -

(A References and banks: Bradstreets of the South.,and established merchants H. G. HASTINGS & CO., Seedsmen and Florists, IRRIGATING

THE Ir13 j; LiACHI: I1"uORIDA."
r i>.+.


d New, :Rare and Elegant Plants of JSvery WHAT ARE THEY

;- Palms, Orchids Description, Cacti and f Bamboos. The Virginia Ventilated Fruit Carriers. BOTH 5

Shade and ornameatal trees and shrubs for South-
ern lawns and gardens. Choice exotic plants FOR EARLY TOMATOES, STRAWBERRIES, PEACHES AND PLUMS. A
for the greenhouse or conservatory.
ORANGE AND LEMON TREESin No. 41-6B skets,three.quarter BUShel. No. 34-x6-quart gift crate STEAM HORSE POWER.
Bushel. No.
all the leading varieties budded from bearing No. 42-4 one-half 36-32-
trees on our own grounds and guar- No. 56-2 II 41 u No. 30-32Standard crate. .
anteed true to name. Send for catalogues,prices and samples.
All the New and Desirable Tropical
Fruits. Our 88 page Illustrated and Descriptive SOUTH SIDE MFG. CO. Petersburg Va. PIPE, PIPE FITTING, BRASS
Catalogue for 1892 tells all about these things,and ,
is sent free to applicant AddressR.
Seven Oaks. Fla.POULTRYJTam .

> FOOD R. M. BURROWS & CO., Write for Estimates.



!. & Jennings Nursery Co., Tuoma
64 it 00 PROSPECT ST. Cleveland, O. vine neorarta. ,
=We are not connected in any way with any so-calledFruit Auction House. Only actual selling! I
Prices quoted. Correspondence with shippers solicited. fEFERENCJts-ltIcrcantUe National Bank ; I Six days earhpi than
Trade Mark. Groff& Wholesale Boots & Shoes Brad- t red at the
Wm Edwards & Co., Wholesale Grocers; Childs, Co., ; anycn'rl Ex. Grounds
HOLLIS' CANNED MEAT FOR POULTRY streets'and R. G. Dun&Co.'s Mercantile Agencies; "Ohio Farmer,"Cleveland. at Oi nrra,X.Y. Color
Will Make Hens Lay! greenish*blte pulp
tender sweet and do-
Will Make Chickens Grow! llrfou The only pnp
Southernmost Florist Establishment in U. S.
AND GOOD FOR MOULTING FoWLS. A ; 4% t = hat ranks and firatbotbinearllneft qaalUy.
This food Is strictly fresh meat,carefully Y .MLR7 Q Lochvine sealed willi
4 ESTABLISHED 1883. ,,, our registered 'nde-
cooked,ground fine,seasoned and hermetically I sac- mark label Send for
sealed in 8-lb cans. Being ground fine,it Rare new fruits;Shrubbery;Ornamental plants-Palms,Orchids,Ferns ., 'eDlUa"llYlllf;(iurti..r Information. Agents wanted
can be readily mixed with soft food,and fed 1 s Bamboos,Cactus,Conifers,Aquatics. Stock safely shipped over the whole 44rtu STEP\i.UI it4yT"5 fcO.NS, Kew Caoaas. Ck
so as to give each fowl an equal share. Prio 3. o' world. Fine illustrated catalogue of 100 pages sent on receipt of 10<:. Clean

SO cta per can; 13 per doz. Address HOLLIS % s:;.: :;e AO healthy stock. Low prices. ;jFENCINCWIRE
DRESSED MEAT & WOOL CO., 20 North RE AS ONER BROS., One co, F2a.
Boston.Max [Mention paper.J 9: ROPE SELVASE.


Giant, Parry's,Japan Walnuts Japan Golden
Russet, Idaho and Keifler Pears ISleajjnus
Longipes, Hardy Oranges and other valuable acres devoted to testing new varieties. Thirty acres in orchards. One quarter of a million .I
novelties. Small Fruits, Grapes etc. Fruit, ((250,000))nursery trees of the finest tested varieties. Our new catalogue for 1891-93 is the most comprehensive -
Shade and Nut trees. Ornamental Shrubs,Vines, we have ever issued,and will be mailed free on application. Address

etc.: Illustrative Descriptive WILLIAM Catalogue PARRY free. G. L. TABER, :: Glen St. Mary, Fla. I rnlPthl".. RABBIT & POULTRY NOJjuxcuaworciwiumcjKca.aucAM.

1-28-3111 I'arr,, Jfeta Jersey.


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CAUTION: : : 2t






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E. :J3E.jAN: : jAci soN'cTII4L: -E, E r A.

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Is the most effective compound vet discovered for destroying the insects infesting the orange tree and is a sovereign remedyfor

the various forms of funei: on trees and plants. Being free from all substances of a caustic, corrosive or poisonous nature, it can

be'handled with perfect safety to the person, and applied to the trees at any stare of growth without injury.

This insecticide has been used by some of the largest oianre growers in the State durino the past two years, and has riven

oerfect satisfaction. References furnished on application.'

FOR RUST MITE, USE ONE OUARTrTO< FIFTY GALLONS OF WATER. When used at this strength the trees should be sprayedfor

the Rust Mite twice a month through the season. Where labor constitutes the principal item of expense in spraying trees it is better

and cheaper to use the Insecticide at full strength: viz.: One gallon of solution to 50 gallons of water, as the fumes from the Insecticide

will kill the Rust Mite even if the solution should not happen to touch them. In using the Insecticide at this strength it will save

three or through the season, thereby reducing the cost from one-third to one-half. This is an Advantage Possessed by

no Other Preparation of Sulphur.) If used in this manner it will also kill the other insects that may be moving on the trees.

FOR RED SPIDER and SCALE, use one gallon to fifty p-allons of water. General directions for using sent on aD Jication.

PRICE 20c. PER GALLON in barrels. If there is no agent in your vicinity, write for price delivered. .

SPRAYING APPARATUS furnished to our customers at cost. .

:. McMASTER & MILLER, San Mateo and Citra, Fla.




1 :J3i1I1.or1. .a :I:> 1.spa-tob.: :L.1.n.e: -

r With the Magnificent Connections

I e'_ The Great Fast Express Freight System of the South.

The attention of shippers IB directed to the Plant S. 8. Line between Havana,Key West and Tampa,and South Florida Railway between Tampa and Sanford S.,F.A: W.Ry.between -
Jacksonville Gainesville,Bainbridge, River Junction and Savannah,Savannah and Charleston,and Ocean Steamship Line between Savannah,Philadelphia,Boston and New
York and Merchants and Miners Transportation Company between Savannah and Baltimore The best equipped,fastest and most prompt lines between all points In Florida and aU
points North and Northwest.] Receivers and Shippers will profit by the following unparalleled connections:
Double dally fast freight service for all points West via Albany,Jescp, Balnbrldge and Double dally fast freight service from all points North and West via Albany,Bainbridge,
Savannah Jesup and Savannah to all points In Florida;fast freight trains both via Gainesville,Jacksonville
Dally fast freight all rail connection via the Atlantic Coast Line to all Eastern,Interior ,Callahan and Live Oak.
and Coast points, Including New:York,Boston, Philadelphia,Baltimore,Washington and Four ships a week by the fleet steamships of the Ocean Steamship Company,sailing from
Providence. New York(New Pier 85,North River,)direct for Savannah Monday Wednesday,Friday.and
Four connections a week for New York via Ocean'.Steamship: Company,leaving Savannah Saturday.
Mondays, Wednesdays,Fridays and Saturdays. The Boston and Savannah Steamship Company's steamers will leave Bortpn June 4.lL
Two connections a week for Baltimore,via Merchants' and Miners'Transportation Company 18 and 25 for Savannah direct, making connection on the dock at Savannah with t.leav.tng
savannah every Wednesday and Saturday freight trains for all points In Florida.
Connections for Boston via Boston and Savannah Steamship Company,leaving Savannah From Philadelphia via Ocean Steamship Co., leaving Philadelphia May t, 18 and 29,
June 4,11,18 and 25. every five days from regular railing day via New York to Savannah.
Connections for Philadelphia every ten days via Ocean Steamship Company leaving From Baltimore via Merchants and Miners Transportation Co., every Tuesday and
-- Savannah June 4.14 and 24. Friday making close connection with 8.,F.A W.Ry.for all points In Florida.
Balling days for Steamships are subject to change without notice.

The Florida Dispatch Line Is the qulckestfand best freight route Oem all point: North,Eatt srdf V.fIt to flrrlda.. For full jaitlculsr,rates,He nclls and chipping receipts apply toany
agents of the above lines,or to WM.P.HARDEE,Gen Freight Agent,Savannah,Ua.
0.D. OWENS,Traffic Manager.:Savaonah,Oa. F.B.PAPY,Apst.Traffic Manager,Savannah,Oa. W. M.DAVIDSON, GenT Traffic Agent, Jacksonville: ,FJA.
.J.JORDAN,Trav.Agent,Qulncy. !J.E.DRATTON Tray Agent, Jack: son vllJe. J.H.BTXFHXNS: : ,Agent,Jacksonville.




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Croce and Orchard.Smoke was saved from injury by frost on the the analysis, altogether amounting to THE KIEFFER PEAR.ITS .
l same night above referred to, March about 234 per cent. of the total.
20. It is owned by two maiden ladies, Stable manure-the standard fertile REMARKABLE PREPOTENCY.
as a Protection Against Misses Marjorie and Kate Constant, izer-contains only about the same When I bought the farm which I
Frost. and is situated four miles west 01 amount of plant food, and of the same have had since 1871 its former owner
Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: Smyrna, in Volusia county. They; kind, except that it has less sulphuricand showed me a small pear tree which he
I am anxious to obtain some information began to build small fires in great more phosphoric acid, less soda had planted six years before, and
regarding the'use of fires, numbers all over the grove as early; and more potash. which had made no apparent growth.
smudges, etc., in preventing damage as 8 o'clock and kept them in full The mud, when used judiciously, I pruned, fertilized and watched it for
to crops from frost. Can you tell me blast until daylight. Their success is will prove an excellent fertilizer. several years. In the spring it openedits
of any successful experiments to this described as remarkable. Their trees Doubtless other samples might contain leaves, it shed them in autumn,
end, or do you know of any one to put forth a perfect mass of bloom after more phosphates. In any case the but it made no visible growth of wood.I .
whom I could apply for information? the frost, but the editor of the Journal mud, used copiously, together .with then removed it to a seeminglybetter
I was advised to apply to you by the distinctly states that it was the fish, which are rich in nitrogen and position to see if change might
Weather Bureau Observer in Jackson- smoke and not the heat which did the phosphates, and with seaweed, which awaken it. Digging it up carefully,
ville. ,V. C. STURGIS. contains abundant potash, will supplyall I could not see either in roots or top
experiment Station, New Haven, Ct. work.Mr.. A. C. Barr, living one mile the plant-food that crops require, any indication that they had increasedin
Seven or eight years ago (our informant south of Daytona, on the same night and serve to maintain or increase fertility size a particle since taken from the
who was an eyewitness, does kept fires burning along the west side i of soil to the fullest'degree. The nursery. It was a case of completevital
not remember the exact date) the of his grove and it escaped serious only drawback lies in the considerable inertia. For ,nearly ten }.ears'
Bishop grove at Citra was saved from injury. He claimed that the temper- proportion of soluble salts, mostly longer it stood unchanged. It merely
the effects of a freeze by the burningof ature did not fall any in his grove common salt, which it contains, being lived and bore an annual crop of
several hundred tarpots on the after midnight, but the editor of the nearly one per cent. If thrown out leaves without growth. Some years
north side and distributed through the Journal states that this was an excep in heaps and exposed to the rain, this ago, while top grafting other trees
grove. The pots were of sheetiron, tional night and that the mercury did salt will be mostly removed. The with the Kieffer pear, I cut off all the
of three or four gallons capacity, and not fall after midnight anywhere.It mud may also be applied directly to branches of this dormant tree and in-
were suspended about two feet from has been amply proven in Florida root crops or grass in moderate quantities serted in their stumps cions of the
the ground on the tops of iron rods that a smote of sufficient volume on without damage, if well distribu Kieffer. These were set in April.
which were thrust into the ground. a still night will ward off several degrees -I ted. As an amendment, the fine mud Every one of them grew, and the next
' Each pot had three small holes in the of frost. But the benefit of the must have an excellent effect on coarse- October many of them were over five
bottom from which the coal tar slowly heat itself is insignificant. Some fires textured soils. feet in length. From the date of this
dripped on to a fire, making a dense built in a grove at Lawtey showed be- Of course it will be understood that grafting this inert pear tree has grown
smudge. Our informant states that fore morning the laughable farce of the mud of our Gulf coast salt marshes vigorously, its trunk has trebled in :'
the beneficial effect was very manifest; fire on one end of a log and frost on cannot differ materially from that of diameter, its branches spread luxur-
the grove was not injured any to speakof the other. the Atlantic coast, consequently this iantly and in 1891 it bore a bushel of
while others not thus protectedwere t .. report is as interesting as if rendered fine (fruit.
badly nipped. Salt Marsh Grass. especially for us. That marsh mud In a pear orchard which I plantedin
Col. V. J. Shipman, of Lawtey, Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: may be made of great value as a fertilizing 1872 stood a Bartlett tree some five
: one winter attempted to.protect his Can you give me the analysis of salt agent there can be no doubt.It feet high with a. small branched top.
grove by burning a number of pilesof marsh grass or rushes? I am told thatit [ may have different degrees of value Yearly it blossomed, but did not grow.I j
pine sawdust and slabs, but the consists largely of potash. A reply -that lying immediately along the pulled off the blossoms annually to .1
smoke was blown away to such an through your paper will oblige Gulf shore may be better than that direct its energies to the developmentof
extent that no benefit resulted. A SUBSCRIBER. lying at the head of long bays. And wood, but it failed to do more than
'I!11\larch{ 19 and 20, 1892, Mr. W. C. Wetappo, Washington Co. then we have fish, and might add blossom and bear a few leaves. To
Ladd, near Lawtey, had one and a An analysis made by the Massa- them to the compound. as suggested. encourage it I let it bear two or three
half acres of strawberries about thirty chussetts Experimental Station gives -- years ; these were fine fruits. But
rods from; a "branch" thicket which salt hay the following: Moisture, 5.36; Ores are found in Orange county : even this indulgence did not improveits
had not been burned out for several nitrogen, 1.180; potassium oxide, .718; and Volusia, some of the lower gradesof disposition ; it would not grow. In
years and had consequently a very sodium oxide, .017; calcium oxide, which are proving more valuable April, 1886, when top-grafting, a.
heavy deposit of pine straw and saw .371; magnesium oxide, .335; ferric than the highest could be-not for the neighbor came to learn the art. I had
palmetto: leaves. A fire broke out in oxide, .028; phcsphoric acid, .248;; making of iron, but as a remedial fertilizer finished my work, but my obstinate
this thicket and raged fiercely for worth per ton, $4.92. to the orange groves. Dr. Peak, little pear tree stood handy, so I sawedit
hours, great palmetto leaves being The Connecticut Station made an of Orlando, is the principal authorityfor off to give my friend a lesson in
carried up and floating in the air like analysis of salt marsh mud taken from the development of this important grafting. He stuck into it a coupleof
buzzards. It burned nearly all night, the marshes lying along the Atlantic material.-PROF LAWRENCE JOHNSON Kieffer cions, and under my in-
and next morning a thick canopy of seaboard near Saybrcok, which is as U. S. Geologist.Prof. structions completed the job. Those
smoke hung over the strawberries, follows: I Lawrence. Johnson, United grafts grew strongly; in a couple of

about fifty feet above them. They Water...... ................................71.32 States Geologist, is authority for the years I cut away one of them, and the
were not injured by the frost, though land Organic, clay and and volatile substances matters insoluble.......in...acid.20.82..... 2.79: I I following: Kaolin, or the pure white other is now ten feet high and was
there was a temperature of 28 and Oxide of iron al.d alumina.................. 2.62 clays of Florida, are principally foundin last so burdened with fruit as to
Lime ......................................... 26 II
even lower in some places.On Magnesia................ .................... 51 Lake and Orange counties. There be in danger of breaking down.I .
the same night Mr. B. H. Alden, Soda.......................................... 60 grades of it. Some have could give other illustra-
Potash ....................................... many many
at a point about two miles distant, kindled i .............................. ....... .51ulphuric 17IhVrine :I too much coloring matter of iron and tions in apple and pear trees of the
fires side : acid .............:.............. i iPhospboric
on one of 39 would make white evident vitalization of the stock
twenty a one acid::.........................._..trace i not ware or porcelain by 1If
acre patch of strawberries, besides several Contains nitrogen, 14 percent ; others have too much sand for the graft. The Kieffer pear especiallyseems
on one other side; but he was | lbt of the iron exists p as protoxide. economical transportation. These last as if its vitality will revitalizeany
unable to perceive any benefit arising To his above figures the chemist are among the very best after the sandsare pear stock on which it may be
from it.'Ve adds that this mud contains, in fertil- }j I removed. To the sandy class belongs worked. It shows strong growth on
find in the Halifax Journal an izing elements, the small amount of one having the curious propertyof all pear stocks, but stronger on some
account of a grove of 300 bearingtrees I' nitrogen, lime, magnesia, soda,potash, I dressing hides and furs and tanning varieties than on others, proving that
and 700 young trees, which chlorine and sulphuric acid, given in leather. there is a difference in congeniality of



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temperament. I have top-grafted_ the The first fruit inspected was a line Those are diminutive oblong hum. The specimens are typical cases of
Kieffer on the Bartlett, Clapp, Shel- of oranges that were originated from quats, or Japan, which have a highly Pear Blight of the form usually spokenof .
don, Anjou, Lawrence and many Florida seedlings by A. J. Beach, of aromatic, palatable rind, but the pulpis as Blossom Blight, on account of
others. On the Sheldon and on the Palatka, and ripens from September sour but refreshing. It is a shrub. the part attacked. The disease at
Mount Vernon the union of the cion 15 to March 15-a good long season. Next come the 'vivid red, sour or- hand is the regular Pear Blight that
with the stock is so intimate and com- They were Beach Nos. i, 2, 3, 4, 5, anges, with June bloom, fruit of the has done so much damage in the
plete that it needs close inspection to 6, and a variegated one-a sport from complimentary color (deep green). North, and in the LeConte pear
perceive where the junction is made.In NO.5. All are good bearers and That is the Phillips' Bitter Sweet, region of South Georgia and North
1891 the top-grafts on all these shippers, and hang a long time on the which, with the sour, makes a refresh Florida. The malady is the work ofa
trees were so loaded with fruit that trees without deteriorating; but, like ing drink throughout the summer. microbe, an exceedingly minute
many of them broke down, but in no most oranges of Florida origin, the Now I want you to look critically at vegetable parasite of the class Bacteria,
instance did this breakage occur at the trees are thorny. The juices are of fine these two rows of oranges which I have that works inside the tissues of the
point of union. Such has been the flavor, and No. i is much superior to arranged side by side for better com- pear and kills as far as it goes. In
case in my apple orchard, where. the Early Oblong in taste and as a parison. This row is selected seed- case of the blossoms it has been found
nearly every tree was top grafted after shipper. All have scored in the 8o's.The lings, the best I could find, and this that the microbes multiply in the nectaror
ten years of growth. Here many fc row contains the ordinary bright, com honey of the flowers on the little
limbs are broken by last summer's Homosassa is, to me, one of mon, budded fruit. You will noticeat green disk in the centre of each
crop, but there are no breaks at the our best Florida natives, and, although once that the seedlings do not com blossom.. From the nectar it spreads
junction of stock and cion. This, scoring about the same as the Nonpareil pare very favorably in general appear- down into the flower and from there
like a splice, seems to be the strongest it has a vinous flavor and boquet ance with the budded oranges. The into the fruit spur. Insects, such as
part. that I think places it far ahead of its budded fruit has a finer and smoother bees, flies, etc., in visiting the flowersfor
Jn these top-graftings it has been of worthy sister. It is a State prize or- skin, closer cellular tissue. They are honey get some of the infected
interest to note the influence of the ange, having taken that much coveted more compact, and are heavier, and honey on their mouth parts and so
stock upon the graft. The Kieffer honor way back in the '705, long be- have less seeds and "rag" than the carry it from flower to flower and from
pear has characteristics so marked as fore I became the happy possessor of seedlings. The buds come into bearing tree to tree. From experiments tried
to be always recognizable, but theseare that wonderful and mysterious combi much earlier, are more prolific, and last year on artificially infected treesit
in some degree modified by the nation of oxide of silica and-- -well, are a surer crop yearly. More trees is thought possible that the scattering .
habit of growth of the variety on whichit it gets there every time it is tickled can be grown per acre. The fruit is I of blossom blight over the orchardscan
is worked. The Kicffer graft grows with the rake, etc. easier to gather. It is superior in be prevented by spraying germi-
differently on a Sheldon or a Clapp The Magnum Bonum is another way every detail and brings higher prices. cides on the trees when in flower. As
from' what it does on Lawrence or 'back State prize orange, and a fine Finally, the budded tree on sour rootsis far as the present case is concerned,
Anjou. It also varies in the quality orange it is. The old Parson Brown, never, or very rarely, attacked by the time for treatment is past. The
of the fruit. With me it is much of Lake county origin, is a great favorite foot rot, to which every sweet root is trees affected with blossom blight
better on the Seckel and on the Shel here. It is pleasant eating in liable. Pomologically, it is the differ- should be carefully watched duringthe
don than on any other stocks I have October, and now, April ist, it is still ence between a common and a highly month following the blossom
grafted. I once took some well heavy (juicy) and very, very sweet, developed fruit.Oranges. '. period, and whenever the blight startsto
ripened Kieffer pears, grown on Seckel and hangs firmly on the trees. i : run downward from the blighted
stocks, to Mount Holly fair and sub Here are fine samples; of the Malta in Louisiana.The i flowers[ head it off by cutting off the
mitted them to the taste of leading and Seville strains, and thornless buds, ouutlook for the orange crop branch from six inches to two feet
horticulturists and fruit experts. They mostly imported: Botelha, Dulcissima, below the discolored part.
in the South for the coming is ex-
pronounced these Kieffers "amongthe Early Oblong, Hart's Tardiff (late), year T
best pears they had ever tasted." Italian, Jaffa, Majorca, MediterraneanSweet cellent for southwestern Louisiana at Citrus Trifolhita for Hedges.Its .
-Garden and Forest.ITS (Garey's and Sanford's), Malta least. The American, of Lake Charles, compact dwarf habit makes this
FREEDOM FROM BLIGHT. Oval, St. Michael's Paper Rind, St. says that the orange crop is now assured
plant to keep in good shape with
In bulletin No. 17 the Arkansas Michael's, Sweet Seville and others. and will be the best for yearsin easy
.,. Experimental Station says: Pear or- The most valuable of the above, out hard pruning. Its compl ete arm-
this reagion. The trees are as full
chards have so often been swept away from a commercial standpoint, is the ament of the strongest and sharpest
by the disease known as "blight"that Hart's Late (or Tardiff!). It is of foreign I of bloom, buds and blossoms as theycan spines pointing in every direction
it has become a question with origin, slightly thorny, of good I be, and are in a healthy condition. make it a better defence than even
,horticulturists if they can afford to quality, and, as it does not mature its Calcasieu and Cameron parishes will
plant large orchards of this fruit. Asa juices till late in the spring, and is at reap a rich harvest this year from their the honey-locust. It makes no suckers,
consequence supply is limited and its best from May to July when orangesare I orange crop. and its roots spread but a short distance -
prices high. for good fall pears. scarce, they sell, for high prices. But the crop of this year will be a and are not exhaustive of abroad
When LeConte was introduced The Early Oblong, while an inferior small thing in comparison to whatwe strip of soil as the other plants
under the claim of being blight proofit orange in juice characteristics, is val will have in two or three years used for farm hedges are. It bears a
was planted far and wide over the uable on account of its earliness, being more when the thousands of young great profusion of the sweetest of
country. Experience has shown thatit good eating while yet green in Sep I orange trees now growing in the or- orange flowers, and loads itself with
suffers almost as much from blightas tember. chards will come into bearing. Andwe little sour, seedy oranges, like limes,
the Bartlett and has other bad The Jaffas and Majorcas are first- remark right here, that the orange which ripen in October. P. J. Berck-
habits. class, 90-point, handsome oranges, I output from this region promises to be mans, of Georgia, who first grew the
In an orchard planted one-half inK with distinct tree foliage, and were '-in the near future-enormous. plant in this country, has a half-mile
effers and' one-half in LeContes imported from the Mediterranean byI I There are thousands of trees being hedge of it now grow ng. He says
that are now five or six years old, the late lamented Gen. Sanford, a true planted this spring and preparations that the only difficulty so far has beento
LeContes have started out too early friend of Florida. being made for still more extensive grow enough of it to supply the
and fruit has been killed the past two The Sweet Seville is sweet white planting in the years to come. The demand. owing to the scarcity of seed.
seasons. The Kieffers were uninjured, green; but to me is rather insipid, Business is proving so successful and But it is now getting into fruit so
made splendid yields of large showy having no trace of sub.acid. It always profitable that men are getting greatly plentifully that nurserymen will no
fruit that will keep far into the winter brings high prices, however, on ac. interested in it and the outlook is that longer have this difficulty. The trees
months. count of its earliness. soon the many thousands of acres of I planted in Maryland, in 1880, have
Fruit is good when well ripe, and Here are some "Trade Mark" or- good; orange land in this region will for years been bearing heavy crops,
always sells. There ,is less blight in anges: Washington Navels (r734 oz.) be utilized for orange orchards. The and the seeds are plentiful now in
the Kieffers than in the LeContes. that have scored as high as 975z, at price of good orange land has gone up Florida. When people realize the
Trees are healthy, commence bearing Orlando in 1887, or Sanford in 1888, J from about ten dollars per acre to fifty entire hardiness of this plant, the
early after planting. Think this vari- if I remember right. Ribbed DuRoi, I dollars in the last two or three years. question of the "best hedge-plant"
ety is going to prove valuable to Arkansas having 35 longitudinal, sharply defined No part of the United States promises will, I think, be finally settled. The
growers. LeContes have lines, .depressed lines in the peel. better results in orange culture than plants are now so cheap in the South
failed so tar to give satisfaction. Maltese Blood (you will find the trade Southwest Louisiana. ern nurseries that it will be easy for
-' --.<- mark inside); Drake's Star, of Lake the experiment stations and individuals -
A Chat on Varieties.Mr. county, but probably of foreign origin Pear Blossom Blight. in the extreme north to test their
John Fabyan was preparing his and of fine quality. It has a coarsely Hon. L. B. Wombwell, State Com- hardiness. I have no plants nor feeds
fine citrus exhibit for the 'Yo Id's Fair ridged peel. missioner of Agriculture, communi- for sale, so don't write to me about
and found time to chat entertaininglyto There are good samples of Tange-I cated to The Tallahasseean the following them. They are now in most cata-
a reporter of the Leesburg Com- rines for so late in the season, and report received by him from the logues. Some growers class them as
mercial. A few paragraphs are appended some large, superior, luscious, aro- U. S. Division of Vegetable Pathology, Limonium//rifolia/um.-. .F. MASSEY,
<' S : matic King oranges of Cochin China. Washington, D. C.: in Am. Gardening. .






--- .. -

Best Grove Culture. Orange Wine in Commercial. Quan- fulness as a field variety. Color of

; S In growing orange trees I believein tities. file PiIl.err:!. plant pale green with pale pink tinges.
following as closely as possible the Prof. Serge Malyvan, the well. The Ripley or Ripley Queen, from
Edited JOHN 15. J5KACII, Motto, Fla.
by Jamaica, an English seedling, which
operations of nature. When the known writer on viticulture, publisheda
: has become naturalized there proving
letter in the Field in Further Notes on Varieties, ;
orange tree is an undergrowth in ham Phosphate far more satisfactory than any other
mocks the ground is shaded by a bed which he discusses the manufactureof The following? varieties have been variety, it is-crowding out all others.

of leaves, mostly from the deciduoustrees orange wine in large quantities as tried and discarded for general open The true Ripley differs widely from

which furnish nitrogen and min a relief to the orange market, espe- field culture for various reasons: the Egyptian Queen and from speci-

erals themselves and favor the forma- cially in years when low prices prevail. The Black Antigua is a medium mens culture which the Department of Agri-
have distributed under that
tion of nitrates. The orange trees What he says as to the necessity of sized apple with a fine deep purple name. Fruit smoother than the Egyp--
make their spring growth, bloomingand putting it on the market in large crown, deep yellow flesh and a rich, tian Queen but larger and more coni-
setting fruit, starting usually be- amounts is corroborated by the expe- sprightly sub-acid flavor unsurpassedby cal in shape, while the flavor is more
fore the deciduous trees, and having rience of the strawberry growers. any other sort. Color of plant vinous like the White Antigua. It
first chance at the food accumulated : One season over 1,500 gallons were dark blue and red purple and dark bears young and is very early and
during the winter. manufactured in Bradford county and steel green. Foliage tall and narrow, prolific, and promises well for open
When bearing size is reached they most of it was pronounced by a New and fruit rather small for size of plant. field culture, producing abundant
seldom make growth during the sum York expert who visited the sectionas One great fault with this variety is the slips. The coloring is very varied.
mer. In summer I let the grass grow, of an excellent quality, but he said slips are very small-and must be started Some plants will be dull red purple
except about young trees, which need the quantity was so small he could do usually in nurseries. throughout, while some will exhibit
culture till they get into bearing, and nothing with it only for samples. For The Black Jamaica is very similar, occasional narrow green or lighter red
mow two or three times, saving when large quantities he would have been a trifle inferior in flavor, broader in stripes. Other plants will be dull,
most convenient what hay I need. In willing to pay $1.25 a gallon. leaf and less red in.color. light to medium green, with very nar-
the latter part of November I apply The fermenting of orange wine requires The Bird's Eye (probably a varietyof row purple or dull carmine stripes, the
my fertilizer, varying quantity to suit about six months, the clarifying Sugar Loaf) has a short, broad coloring not appearing to vary a par-
requirements of trees, sowing evenlyover about three months; hence the firstyear's apple like the Red Spanish, with ticle in different parts of the leaf as is
the whole surface except within stock could hardly be disposedof larger nipples than the common SugarLoaf the case with most varieties.
three feet of trunks of trees. I then, before the second would have to which otherwise it closely re
by working crosswise in all directions, be undertaken. Hence a large capital- sembles. Leaves are a little broader .JOHN. B. BEACH. .
cut and grind up the sod with the cutaway would be necessary for the first two and flavor is richer, however.
harrow and thoroughly mix the or three years until returns from sales Another variety called here Black BROWN'S IRON BITTERS
fertilizer and organic matter together.I could be realized.Mr. Prince is a light colored sort, probably Cures Dyspepsia, Indigestion -
want my fertilizer as fine as it can Malyvan estimates that a factory another Sugar Loaf. The foliage is & Debility.
possibly be ground, and I then wantto 'and apparatus for manufacturing broad, stiff and spiky, being often i I + 91
stir it in the soil to the depth of two 30 000 gallons would cost $6,000. To curved laterally; color clear grass !I The
or three inches among the fibrous make this amount of wine would take green, inclined to become yellowish.The Chicago Pineapple Companyare
having acres cleared and
roots as thoroughly as the housewifestirs 1,500,000 oranges or 6,000 boxes, at fruit is small but of a peculiar in 125
baking powder with flour to make 250 to the box (the smaller sizes would] delicacy and texture resembling a planted pineapples in Dade county.
biscuits. naturally be used for this purpose) Seckel pear, and seeming firm and The Seminoles say there is only a
The cutaway is the only tool I know To purchase the 6,000 boxes and pay almost granular, with abundant juice foot of water in the Everglades, so
of that will do maximum stirring with for the sugar, labor, etc., he allows and no core. The plant is a shy Severe is the drouth; and a companyare
minimum damage to roots. I then do $12,000. To reduce the expense of bearer and sometimes grows upwardfor said to have in view a survey
no more'cultivating till the following the fruit as much as'possible he would several years, leaving behind a across the peninsula) through the great
April or May, when I apply more fer- have it shipped in bulk. For the bare cane like a Spanish bayonet. It swamp in order to locate a railroad.
tilizer if needed and thoroughly culti-- making of strawberry wine the fruit requires shade and fruit should be An experienced farmer of this
vate till the rains set in. costs the makers 64 cents a bushel.If bagged to prevent insects from punc- county expressed the opinion to'-a
The nitrifying microbes are said to the orange growers obtain as muchas turing it toward maturity.The reporter ot The News yesterday that
work only in the dark or shade, and that for a box at the grove for wine Blood is prized for its beautiful the crops of the present year will be
their labors are vastly increased and making purposes they will probably foliage. The general color is blood. the best that have been grown in Es-
expedited by having the minerals they I be satisfied-or have to be. red with but little glaucous bloom to cambia county for many years past.
use as bases intimately mingled with Mr. Malyvan tabulates as follows: dull it. In large plants this color is He says that the dry spell cf the last

the decaying organic matter. .EXPENSE... STOCK. mainly confined to the extreme edgeof three weeks has been of great benefitto
The fall of fertilizer First yeir ?i8ooo the leaves and and the
:application spines
Second ytar. i5ooo In wine of ist year.$ 45.000 the farmers in giving them an op-
the of the fruit and Third .. In wine of 2d : of the fruit the remainder
helps maturing as year. 12,000 }ear. 45,000 being a portunity to cultivate the
Fourth year. ...... In wine df 3d year. 45,000 thoroughly
the sulphates are slow in dissolving, --- bright green. The fruit is not large growing crops and prepare them for
the trees through the winter are grad- Expense..$42,000 Wine.......eo...$t3S 000 and the pulp is rather fibrous thoughthe the rains to follow. Another reason
ually gaining strength for the spring In the fourth year he sets down flavor is very good. for his prediction is found by him in
growth. The moderate root pruningin nothing in the expense account, be- Among new varieties the Abbakka the improved methods of agriculture
the fall hardens up the wood and cause during the third year he countson as yet the most promising. With the which have lately been adopted by
immediately stops any twig growth. selling the wine made the first year. Ripley and Smooth Cayenne and many Escambia's farmers.-Pensacola; News.
After a thorough fertilizing and cultivation He considers, therefore, that a capitalof others it has been grown under artifi-
a tree cannot grow if it would $50,000 would carry the enterprise cial protection on a small scale for
for some time, until a new root system through to the point of selfsupportand some time and is only just! now being
has been elaborated unless a quickly profit.A tried in open field culture. It seems Morning
soluble, highly stimulating fertilizer, sale of $135,000 worth of stock, very vigorous, fruit is large and flavor .
like nitrate of soda, should be applied.I or even $ oocoo, worth, on a total .very superior, even to the Queen and Noon
doubt if even the most stimulating. investment of $50,000 ought certainlyto like the Queen it is early and a free
fertilizers, worked in at the time and I satisfy a capitalist. It would justifythe bearer. it bears plenty of slips and Night
in the manner I have stated, would manufacturers in paying the grow promises well as a field plant. Colorof
start growth without special irrigation.It i ers more than 64 cents a bushel for plant green with a wide stripe of Good all the time. It removes
speaks very highly for the stamina oranges. dull cherry or carmine down the center ..
the of
and vigor of the orange tree to'see any Prof. Malyvan adds: "Maybe your of each leaf, free from glaucous languor morning, sus-
fruit at all on groves that are plowedin readers will be afraid to see so large a bloom and of a greasy, dull appear- bins the energies of noon,lulls
the spring while the bloom is set- quantity of wine on the market. They ance. the weariness of night.
ting and the leaves about half out. must not be afraid at all; no comparison The Smooth Cayenne is in great
Such practice is suicidal. The tree between claret or white wine and demand for indoor culture, bearing a 'Root;
has to harden up its half-grown leaves orange wine. The orange wine is nota large apple on a small plant, keeping Mires'
from inability to perfect their full baby wine, it is a strong -one, very well, being given to winter bearingand Beerdelicious :
growth and is in the worst possible! healthy, 18 per cent. alcohol, rich free from spines. The flavor of
shape to withstand the spring drouths. tasting as sherry, and endorsed by the the apple is surpassed by several other sparkling, appetizing.Don't .
The consequence is a rambling sum- best physicians as a first-class cordial. varieties, however, and its appearanceis be deceived if a dealer,for the sake
mer twig growth which seldom sets The only trouble for selling is, it is not not specially; striking. It produces cf"just Urgcr as profit good, tells-'ris yuu false.some No other imitationis kindis
fruit the next spring.-E. S. HUBBARD, manufactured in large enough quantities practically no slips, which is an almost as good as tke genuine HIKES'.
in Agriculturist. and not enough advertised." insurmountable drawback to its use-


._' ..... _---..... .-a-*". .,.- ........... --"




R7ERD'1'Rt1CIER( Practical Farm Talks-No. 20. peas. Any one who can raise a cred- one of our most important money

Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: itable crop of either can raise a creditable crops.
-- I believe if I was a surgeon I would crop of peanuts. I presume The treatment of this crop in Cali.

Upland Rice Culture. recommend thinning corn for curvature every intelligent man understandswhat forma, as of many others, does not

Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: of the spine. .I have been thin- is meant by raising a crop, thatis apply to Florida. Whilst it is necessary -

I am much interested in rice culture.A ning corn for several days, and it is thorough preparation, cultivationand to irrigate in California it is not

large part of our State would yield astonishing what strengthening power handling.LEVEL. in Florida. Neither is our crop injured

rice better than almost any other crop. there is in this Florida sun. This old CULTURE. by too much water as there, Unless

In this locality, Lake City, my opinionis back of mine has been doing good Peanuts should be cultivated level- upon hard pan or a heavy clay

that this grain should be planted service for sixty-five years, and some- that is, with no more bed than a sub soil, neither of which is fitted to

from the i5th of May to June loth. times I would think it was getting a Planet other such cultivator plant peanuts in.
Jr., or
Why so late? Because the rainy sea little warped; but the last three days' will make. They should be hoed and CHARLES. CAMPBELL, SR.
son will then cause rapid growth, because the has it ,Marion
to sun warped Campobello County.
exposure dined twice the of the
not crown nut .
there will be much less work
back the other way. I am so straightnow but the vine as it spreads. On good
needed in the cultivation, and for the that I lean back. Strawberry Questions Answered.In .
and with cultivation
additional reason that a late crop of ground proper Rivers
reply to Guy :
A PROMISING CROP.I they can be made to lap in the middleof
rice in North Florida is little troubledby I. Michel plants set side by side
have determined in this to five-foot rows and almost fill the
rice birds. The birds are gone crop with the Nunan and.at the same time
find out just exactly what can be done space with nuts; quite so in three-foot
nearer the coast by October, when the will fruit two or three weeks earlier.
in. with corn in Florida, and so far I am rows. This can be done in Floridaon
late planting comes be difficult
It would to
Now I will method of Satisfied, for I have at this writing the ordinarily good land without fertilizing get
my pre- Michel plants now could
; you get
best stand I ever had. Although this at all. Therefore, Mr. Boyntonis
for and also its cultiva-
paring a crop Clouds or Nunans at Lawtey.
tion. The ground is to be kept clean has been the dryest season I have experienced in error when he says: "The region One thousand plants set out now
in Florida ground has of country adapted to peanut 3.
by turning under grass and weeds my and carefully cultivated ought to make
not suffered in the least for moisture, culture is limited to Virginia, North
When plantingtime
every twenty days. 20,000 good plants by next fall, but a
Carolma and Tennessee. I have
throw the land into bedsas and I have never had corn look as
comes deal would depend on circum-
for cotton. Run a very narrow fur. well at this season. This I attribute seen a fair crop of peanuts grown on great stances.

row in the top of each bed to receive entirely to deep plowing and thorough the poorest white land, scrub oak land, Cow-peas turned under
of the soil and the in Florida-so it would only 4. green
preparation good poor sup.
the rice. Where clods are the waya would not "sweeten" the soil but the
hoe should remove them and the stand to putting plenty of seed in the port a very scattering growth of wire- reverse. Liming is good for all raw
hill without afraid to thin out.I grass and but few weeds.In .
drill be made smooth and narrow. The
land in this State, but by making a
grain should not be put in too thick. am aware there are many who do speaking of irrigation he has thorough application of some good

This is very important: since rice in not agree with me-who are weddedto reference to California of course; they commercial fertilizer, can raise

good ground will produce forty headsor the old way of bedding up the land, do not have to be irrigated in Florida.A fine crops without liming.you On low
from Cover witha planting in the water furrow and finely pulverized soil will produceall
more one grain. hammock apply two tons of
small plow and in such a way as to covering with one furrow after dropping the moisture that is necessary with stone lime you per may acre; apply it on the

have the come in a narrow one or two kernels in a place and our usual supply of rain. I have just
crop up very land after it is all ready for planting,
drill. giving what they call distance. In been over my crop and find the best
and let a good rain fall on it before
Now for the cultivation. A sweepis the first place ground cannot be well stand I ever had; treatment up to and plant.

to be used at the first plowing, the and properly prepared by beddingthat including planting just the same as for you 5. If you have bloom in Decemberan

wing of which is to run very near to is, to be in condition to properlycover corn. Planting in hotbeds and trans. application of nitrate of soda
the seed and retain moisture to to the field do for Cal-
the young plants-so near as to leave planting might would doubtless increase the bloom
little above ground. The sec support it in dry weather. ifornia but would cost more than it
grass ing and fruiting, though we do not
ond plowing is to be done with a With deep plowing, fine harrowing, would come to in Florida. know of any instance where it was
which throws the dirt back to laying off with five or six inch shovel,
turner, PREPARING THE NUTS. ever tried at that season of the year.

the rows and again wraps up the grass.If opening furrows with a larger one and The only way to get an even and 6. A plant ripening berries in No-
with double bull the
a third plowing be needed, the covering tongue, is vember might in time be developedinto
good stand to shell the nuts plant
is like and in
land then
sweep is.to be used again. Then, if a moisture garden from both con. ing in the shell or even crushing the a very early fruiting variety, andit
there be necessity for it, or time to dition to attract will might not. A "sport" is un
shell not do. Shell the nuts clean very
above and below and retain it. With
spare, the owner can hoe and pick the and select sound ones, and then certain. It will require several years'very
and the cultivation is ended.If the corn coming up on a ridge and a every
crop nut has an equal chance. Even in a careful watching and rigid isolation -
each side and
anybody knows a better plan than furrow on your ground crushed shell some are kept from to establish a pedigree variety

this to employ on upland, we shall be well and finely pulverized, you may moisture more than others. It is tedious from a chance seedling, and the effort
glad to see his views. plow as soon as the seed comes up, fail altogether-probably would.
shell them for .
to -a large crop.I may
if wish. It be I
or you may
The question whether nitrate of
knew an old skinflint in Missouri 7.
LakE City,Fla."Where. am not "working it right, but my
soda would be profitable to in
is knee has been who, when preparing to build a new use
corn half high,
Do You Live ? twice the is house, used to get up after supper a growing fruit for local use would haveto
plowed over ground as
Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower.I clean as can be and in condition to be very interesting play among his handsof be determined by trial. If your

,wish your correspondents could left for two weeks, if necessary, so "dig cellar by moonlight." That's local market gives good prices it probe
realize the importance cf giving their I attention about the way I get my nuts shelled. ably would pay, but it is necessary to
that to
can give my
locality. Experience in one part of my be more careful in the use of stimu-

our great State is of no value to the PEANUT CROP. VINES FOR FORAGE.I lating manures in Florida than it

dweller in some other part, and it may This crop has been handled just as have had but little experience in would in the North.

even do actual damage by leading the my corn crop, with the exception of saving vines for forage, as I am con 8. Berries picked a trifle too green

reader astray. As an instance, our distance in the rows. The corn is vinced that where there are so many will be less likely to spoil on the wayto

vigorous friend Major Campbell, writ-, one step and the peanuts two, or as different kinds of forage as can be New York than those picked a little

ing from Campobello (Where?), says near three feet as I could judge. I saved in Florida it does not pay. You too ripe. For the refrigerator, of

"April is a good time to plant Irish plant no more than two nuts in a hill, would save forage only at the expenseof course, you may pick riper fruit than

potatoes." I have no doubt Major for if your ground is properly pre. the nuts, as the vines continue to for express shipment, but even the

Campbell speaks from successful prac. pared, they are dead sure to come up, ,.bear if properly treated till after frost, refrigerator can not save overripefruit.

tlce .at Campobello. If any man in if sound nuts, whether the "delicate and even then many of the nuts are .

South Florida takes the advice of a pink skin is broken or not." (See Mr.S. not fully matured and will continueto 9. A. :M. Bond, of Jacksonville,

Campobelloite and plants Irish potatoes S. Boynton in Pacific Rural Press). mature after the vines have been sells nitrate of soda at 3 cents a

in April he will get a vigorous This skin is not delicate by any means; frosted. In any event, too much foliage pound, sacks weighing about 300

growth of vines two to five feet it is rather tough and fits very tight is lost in curing and handling, pounds. Does not care to break a

long and not potatoes enough to replace and is not easily broken or even and if this is not properly done the sack.

his seed. abraded or scratched, as you will see vines will mold. This does not applyto 10. Kainit would probably be a

In :Middle and North Florida later by opening a nut. Spanish nuts so much. good application for cabbage, kale,

-- planting may do, but in South Florida Mr. B.'s article, whilst very inter- :Moles, polecats and coons are the beets, cauliflower, asparagus; and sim-

the best use you can make of Irish esting, contains some errors besides worst depredators on peanuts. ilar plants, but on other and more

potatoes after March 15 is to eat them. the above. After six years' experi. Much more can be said about this tender plants it should be used with

DUDLEY W. ADAMS. ence, I am prepared to say there is no most valuable crop, but I guess I have caution. You should test it for your-

Tangerine,Orange County, Fla. crop which can be grown as simplyand said enough for this time. self, carefully, on a few plants under

Campobello is in Marion county.- as easily as peanuts-when you Some other time I will have more different circumstances, and watch the

Bo. know how-not even potatoes or to say why we should make peanuts results. It is very unwise for any


i iA

.. .
'" '

one at a distance to prescribe fixed I Poultry. second time, twenty or thirty minutes if they are of any profit to their owner
rules for soil
a he has not seen. after feeding, and if it is all eaten up they must have intelligent care.
- -
ii. In reply to this question, we Edited by- E.-W. AMSDEN. Ormond- Fla.-- clean three or four handfuls more are A lady here said to the writer that

can only say that we are more and put down, so that all shall have a she once kept bees, but the toads and
more convinced, as we learn the results Keep the Chickens GrowIng. chance to "fill for the
up" night. If the worms ate them all up. I opine
of new experiments that soft By the time chicks are six or eight
a handful is left uneaten it quickly that she was more to blame herself
phosphate has a high value as one element weeks old the principal dangers of
disappears in the morning, and as it than the toads and worms. An intel-
of a fertilizer, but it is not a chickenhood are passed, and painstak is it does
always a dry grain not sour, ligent boy who lived in the pine
complete fertilizer. Soft phosphateis ing-watchfulness and care: may be and there is no danger from leaving a woods, said to me a few days since:
probably the cheapest form in"which somewhat relaxed. We must not, little. Fresh water is supplied them "The bee martins are catching our

the Florida grower can purchase however, "let up'' entirely in vigilance three times a day and (practically) is bees. They sit on the limb of a

phosphoric acid for agricultural pur if we would have those early laying always by them, so they can drink as peach tree, and when the bees come

poses. We gave, not long ago, a pullets that we have found so desirable; they choose. Grit, in the shape of to gather honey from the blossoms,
formula which had been used by a we must feed carefully, and "feed for
screened gravel is also always by them pick them up, and I am shootingthem.
Bradford county grower with very sat growth, /: e we must supply nourish and ground oyster shells are given ." This boy has the attributesthat

isfactory results, which included soft t ing, strengthening food, which will them about twice a week. As thereare constitute a bee-keeper's care and

phosphate. If you can procure the build up a well nourished bodyhealthy, no trees (save very small apple watchfulness, and he will never blame

other material free from lumps, so strong and vigorous ; with stores of trees) on this ridge, we provide a the toads and worms for destroying

that you can mix them easily, you strength to lean upon when the drain temporary shelter for shade, making a his colonies.

might find it advantageous to pur of egg production has come, and the slanting roof near each coop. This In this warm climate bees have difficulties -
chase the potash and nitrogen and chill of autumn and cold of winter are each
helps family to identify its own to encounter as well as at the
mix up your own fertilizers on yourbarn to be resisted. home, and, besides shelter from the North. A few days since I noticed

floor. Read the brief item on Our chicks are cooped quite near hot sun is a shelter from the rain also, some bee hives and was on the pointof

"Fertilizing to Points," which was the dwelling house until they are and the feed boards are put under it starting to see them, when an ac-

quoted in the issue of April 14. about six weeks old. About that timewe in wet weather.We quaintance said : "Oh, you need not

take away the mother hens, unite study to promote the comfort go over there to see those hives, for
Diseases of Egg Plants two families in one. (of 25 or 30)) and and well-being of our chicks, believing there are no bees in them. Therewas

Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower. colonize them in "A" coops, each that it pays us to do so; the full four months of drouth last sum-

A recent writer in Garden and For family being fifty to sixty feet apart, egg basket in December, January and mer and the bees starved to death.

est mentions a new disease of egg and given free range. These colonies February, when eggs bring top prices, They belong to the doctor who lives
are spread out over a gravel.ridgewell is being planned for in this good care over there, and he said he was not
plants which he calls "falling. It i is ( grassed over) running north from and
feeding.-Farm Poultry. going to feed them ; that if they could
caused by a fungus, a species of py- our poultry houses, and is borderedon not make their own living they might

thium ( P. de one side by mowing fields, and on "
probably Baryanum), die. A little feed would have tided
which infests the propagating-bed. It the other by the cow pasture, and the Jrpiall them over till the rains came, and
chicks do
no harm wherever they gQ. they would have paid it back with
feeds on the soft tissues of the plant We said them
we free
gave range. Floridian Beekeeping.The more than compound interest.
near the ground and soon causes it to We make pens about 12 feet ,
square Wherever live- in the North
topple over. He says they are testing of sections of 4 foot fence, to confine past week I visited two apiaries South, East or you\Vest-don't: let ,
them ;located on St. Andrew's Bay and both your
two three ,
corrosive sublimate bichloride or days and get them
( of f starve for the want of a little
are managed on the let alone
familiar principleyou
mercury) as a remedy against this fun with their new home, then feed. There are times when a penny's
let me alone and I will I
take down the fence and let them you. worth of would
gus.I never saw bees drop down heavier sugar save the
do not see anything in this "fall range. life of a valuable colony, for they may
carry larger loads of pollen than do
ing" of eggplants different from whatwe The breakfast is bread crumbs, con- die within a few hours of plenty.-
usually call "damping off." The tinued until they are about ten weeks these. Almost every place has its Prairie Farmer.
old when they plum trees or thickets which are now .
graduated into the
only! remedy that I know of is to give --
plenty of light and air, and not have morning mash such as we feed to our blooming, and the bees are" "making Pistillate and.Staminato Strawber-
the seed bed too damp. fowls. About ten o'clock they havea hay while the sun shines. I am told ries.
feed of the by residents here that these plum trees
This winter has been dull coarsest oat-meal
a one, In the pistillate strawberry blossomone
are of the Chickasaw or Cherokee
although we have 'not had much rain moistened; about half past one o'clocka
finds the
ovary or receptacle in the
light feed of cracked variety, but the bloom is much smaller
and young egg plants "damped off"badly wheat or with small
center as pistils
than many over
I have those
cracked the seen on trees at the
especially where they were barley, ( latter is a by- North and the leaves have it as there will be seeds on the en-
product of_ cereal not yet
shaded.I a manufactory and
larged receptacle which we call a
appeared but the trees white with
an excellent food and about
) o'clock
raised of under 5
part my plants bloom. strawberry. In the perfect strawberry
muslin and part under glass. I had whole wheat or cracked corn, one one flower you will find the same kind of

the best stand under muslin, but they day, the other the next day. Twicea Bees are also working upon peach center or receptacle, but around it,

"damped off" there the worst, while week we have fresh meat (butcher blossoms, which are quite large, and with their bases attached to the calyx,
under trimming!) cooked and chopped,which the trees very full. The Peen tos have
my plants glass were compara- you will find many stamens which
is mixed in with been blooming since October and have
coarsest oatmeal
tively free from this trouble and were are longer and stronger than the little
more stocky; yet some winters whenwe (about half and half) for the second peaches larger than peas. There is pistils on the ovary, with prominent

have so many warm, sunshiny feed. We have, also, a Mann bone also another variety, known as the anthers producing pollen. The

days, thin muslin seems to do as wellas cutter, and twice or three times a week Angel, which blossomed in January.The or absence of the stamens{presence at-

glass, not needing so much atten- the chicks have a good time wrestling I hives in these apiaries had tached to the calyx will at once de-

tion.I and tumbling over each other in their movable frames but they are never termine whether the plant is pistillateor

am more afraid of root knot and eagerness to get the fresh cut bone. moved, and if they are queenless they perfect. In a state of nature. the

the red spider than I am of plants Not having a bone cutter we should say the moths killed them. Hives that strawberry produces perfect flowers,

damping off. By planting plenty of i mix some bone meal into the moistened contain comb but no bees are allowed but many of the best cultivated varie-

seed I can secure myself from the lat- bread crumbs for breakfast, and about to stand around and breed moth, in ties which have been produced by

ter trouble. I must have a seed bed of three times a week we sprinkle in a lieu of melting the comb into wax. crossing species are wholly destituteof

comparatively new ground to keep little Sheridan's Condition Powder as These apiaries that I visited do not stamens, or are provided with very
free from the a condiment to promote digestion and belong to natives of Florida called
root knot, and if the short, nearly abortive ones: as in the
weather keeps dry after the plantsare good health. We intend to vary the Crackers, but to persons who came Crescent seedling. It is not important -

set out in the field, the red spideris food ration continually, within the from the Eastern States. whether a flower produces its own

almost sure to put in his appearanceand range here described. For instance, The surplus is secured in large pollen or has it supplied from a plant

then I have to use sulphur freely. one day the feed will be bread crumbs, frames in the-upper story, and when growing near it. Indeed, it is now

CIIAS. KERR. oat-meal, cracked wheat, crackedcorn they are filled it is cut out, and if any fully established that the ovary of a

Archer, Fla. ; the next day, bread crumbsoatmeal is taken to market, tin cans which, pistillate variety will endure far more

and chopped meat, cracked have done duty in bringing lard from frost and adverse weather than that ofa

OONSUHPTIONP barley, whole wheat ; the next day, the North are utilized. The market variety which has to support its own

bread crumbs, cut bone, oatmeal, demand for honey is very small, yet stamens and pollen. Hence our commercial .
I have a poatire remedy for the above diae&sa;by its cracked corn, and so on. The rule is there is not enough produced to supply growers plant for main crop
- use thousands of cases of the worst kind and of longstanding to feed only what the chicks will eat it, while flowers are wasting their such pistillate varieties Crescent
have been cured. Indeed so strong is fait as ,
la its efflcacjr.Uut I will studio DOTTIXJ FEES 107, nb up clean and quickly, but we break sweetness for lack of bees to gather it. Warfield and Haverland.

A VALUABLE who will send TREATISE me thell'.Expl'883 on this and disease P.O.to address any nf.feral' over the rule so far as the last feed is It matters not where bees are kept, I e I .
Slocum M. concerned and the boy around a whether in cold or climate Don't become constipated. Take D2 c.JLU'S '
T. A. C.,183 Pearl St., N. Y. goes a warm PILLS.



'.;;"fI> .- bdIIIr. -'i"'''' ', __ -,, -..___ .... ,' 0'" :





CONTENTS.GROVE level and smooth and stirred fine on long after they saw them getting chaser is placed on the list accordingto

AND. ORCHAED-Smoke as a Protection the surface will endure a drouth with] cheques for $7, $10, $15 a crate- the number the report would best

Against Frost; Salt Marsh Grass; The Kleffer little ; the crate after crate-and they sought tc apply to. .
Pear; :In remarkably Injury to crops.
A Chat on Varieties; Oranges In Louisiana; .- follow suit. Today both Cracker and It is such a list as this that we are

Pear Hedges Blossom. Blight. ; .Citrus. Trifollata. .301 for ( > The present severe drouth will workto Yankee are wondering what is the endeavoring to keep for the protectionof

Best Grove Culture; Orange Wine In Commercial the ultimate advantage of the State matter with their land, not knowing our subscribers. We receive acces-

Quantities 30 5! in forcing the growers to put in plants sick and thai sions to it frequently, though it some
THE PitERT! -Further Notes on Varieties S05! that it is "strawberry ,
FARMER AiD TBUCKEB-Upland Rice Culture; for irrigation. All soil tillers in Florida overworked and "rur times happens that a house complainedof
plants are
Where Do You Live? Practical Farm Talks drouth rates well in the commercial
-No. 30. Strawberry Questions! Answered; :3tt) ought to count on as a out" from being forced to do double agencies. Every paid-up subscriberon
sa:. in the Florida justas
Diseases Egg fixed quantity year,
POtLTRY-Kef'p the Chickens Growing Sff( duty-to yield both fruit and runners. our books sending postage for

APIARY-Floridian Beekeeping; 3:(>7 it is in the California year, thoughnot An acute observer though he was reply will be informed as to the
Postulate and Staminate Strawberries 3tEiiORCALNotes ; California has her dry of house in the
so great. general standing any
; Orange Growers'Convention; not born and bred a farmer-told the
Stud)lug Florida; A Commercial Black List 3O weather all in one season, the summer; active cultivation United States.
writer that after two years'
Crop Notes &K :Florida has it in two seasons, the of a grove which, for some

Questions YOUMJ and FOLKS Replies-A; Regular. Boy.: Round. JWJOi'n : spring and the fall, the most important occult reason, would not flourish, i il ]7VIarI\ets.

Shoulders; Reverencefor the Flag 310( of the year because they are the ....... ..#'
took him three days' listening at a
STATE NEWS-Items; 311
two planting seasons. The annual JACKSONVILLE, FLA., April 20.
OCR RURAL HOME-Kathleen Mavourneen; The meeting of the Horticultural Society;
Cape Jasmine; A Tin Can Opener; Fighting precipitation on the Pacific coast FRUITS AND VEGETABLES.
and a year's subsequent thinking and
Mosquitoes; Three Raised Cakes: Cooking [Corrected to date by Marx Bros ]
Fgg Plant "California Cold Process," 311 varies as much proportionally as does: watching to convince him that clean These are average quotations. Extra choicelots
9. OUR NATURAL WEALTH-The Hammock Sl'J that of Florida, though it is always fetch prices above top quotations, while poor
AGRICULTURAL CHEMISTRY-Phosphates, Potash culture of an orange grove in Florida; lots sell lower.
and.Nitrates \\ ; ; :3th ; is radically wrong. russet........................ i.75to2.i5
Rubber Trees for the Everglades :81J fornia is not one whit more certain to Indian River ............... 2.50103.00
THK FARMERS ALLIANCK- Panning Corporation; The Anglo-Saxon race has behind Lemons,Fla. ........................ 2.00103.00
The People's Party-I;An.Al lauorman's. Ideason happen than the summer rainy season Messina: .. .......... ......... 3.00
National; Bank!; SU it an immense body of recorded expe Limes too............ ................. .50
I and the fall and spring drouths of Grape fruit barrel................... 2.00103.00
STEPHEN POWERS, bailor.: rience and unrecorded tradition as tc box .................i.ootoi.75
P. O. Address Lawtey, Fla. Florida. Pineapples, crate....................... 7.00 to 8.00
--- o.-- the cultivation of corn and cotton. Japan plums,bushel... .. .......... 3.00
Bananas bunch............ ........... 1.25 to 1.75
Dr. Geo. Vasey, Botanist of the Orange Growers' Convention.The But what do we know of the culture Apples, barrel......................... 3.25103.50
filled the Jacksonville Cranberries. crate .................... 2.50
U. S. Department of Agriculture;, orange growers of citrus fruits, pineapples, cassava,, Potatoes, new. barrel................ 3.50104.50
Board of Trade rooms and sweet bushel...... .......... .50
called at our office. He is makinghis Cuba tobacco, and the best varieties Florida cabbage good demand, bbl.. 2.00 to 2.25
could not find sitting room. Onions, yellow, barrel........... ..... 325
first visit to Florida and will go some i of pears, peaches and plums for these: .. red ...... ...... .....* ... ... 325
As our forms close Major Geo. R. I crate ......................... i.oo
down as far as Tampa. semi.tropicalIatitudes? Turnips, barrel........................ 1.50
._. Fairbanks is addressing the conven Beets, .. ................ ........ 2.25 '
Every year Florida "makes a new Carrots ..... ............ ...... 2.50
Our readers will do well to note, tion. He states that the Fruit Ex Parsnips .. .......... .............. 2.50
1 q.ealj" gives us a new combination of: Radishes dozen................. ...... .40
even at this late date, the prices paid I change has sold so far this season insectenemies. Cucumbers,dozen.................. .. .50 to .75
weather, plant diseases and. Celery, ........ ............... .5010.60
in Jacksonville for Japan plums. We. about 320,000 boxes, at about $1.75, Egg Plants-wanted at good price....
Beans, crate.......... .................. 1.50 to 2.00
are informed by a dealer that the gross, or about $r.oo net. the soil of Peas crate.- ...... i.ootoi.so
% If there is one thing on Strawberries...... ................... .20
supply was not equal.. to the demand. Studying> 54 Florida.A Florida that has not the shadow of Cauliflower Lettuce not wanted........................... 1.00 to 2.00

Mr. Charles. DaCbsta, publisher few weeks ago a clever South politics or the stain of selfish greed or POULTRY AND EGGS.

all the hem of Hens....... ............-............$ .40 to .45
of THE FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER,, Florida editor admitted in his paper corporate power upon Roosters............... .............. 30 to .35
Editorial Association its that is the Horticultural Broilers..................... .. .... 2510 .30
will represent the State that he wrote a four-column article on garment, : Turkeys.............................. i.ootox.25
the of the It is simply a circle of earnest I Ducks............,.......... ......-.... .45 to .60
at meeting teosinte for THE FARMER AND FRUIT Society. Geese................................. .500 .75
National Editorial Association, San GROWER four years ago, when he men and women who meet togetheronce Eggs................................... .16

Francisco, May 15. knew little about it, and had been a year to help each other untangle STOCK.
Corrected by Hart & Campbell. .
Florida celery >has sold this springfor vainly trying ever since to overtakeand as far as may be, the ever new Florida beef cattle, net. . . .(M}

clip the too active wings of the and forever unsolvable riddle of the sheep, head :. . . 1.75
85 cents a dozen in Jacksonvilleand best cultivation of this tricky old earthof For the week ending April 16, two
bird which he had
wild and useless
Atlanta, and $4.50 a case in New carloads of cattle were received from
unwittingly hatched.A ours; and how to make home beautiful Lloyds and one from Bartow, and thirty
York. Much of it was as good as the from Baker county.
intelligent business man settled : and life worth living.
best seen in the North-long, crisp]: very MARKET NOTES.
in North Florida and for some Not one of our Florida readers who
stems, well bleached and free from Asparagus grown within two miles of
rust. time hesitated whether to plant his tills; the soil and who can anyway raise Jacksonville is now regularly in the market -

I O-. orchard to oranges or LeConte: pears. the few dollars to pay his fare and bills ; the grower is getting now 20 centsa
strawberries have bunch,40 to 50 stalks in a bunch. Earlyin
Bradford: county He sent to Georgia and bought a crate can afford not to be present at the Or- the season it brought him 50 cents a

recently sold up to seventy-five cents of pears to test, and he and his wife mond meeting, May 3.1- and 5. bunch. The. stalks are small but very
to the bright and clear. Lake Worth tomatoes,
in chiefly owing
Chicago, decided that they wanted no more of .e-- very small, rather green and a good many

scarcity. Still, much of the fruit has them. This determined him to plant A Commercial Black List. rotten; wholesale price 2.50 to 3.00. Green

been very fine since the plants have The Fruit and Produce Trade onions, 23:> to 30 cents a dozen bunches,
orange trees, and to-day, from three to eight onions in a bunch,
recovered from the effects of the years of gallant but unavailing struggle Association of New York have formulated according to size-they are shipped with

March frostsVe have seen a good frost and unsuitable soil a code for the use of their all the tops on and retail at 3 to 5 centsa
; against bunch. Rutabagas, 75 cents to 1.00 per
many Clouds i / to 13 inches in he is a financially ruined man, whereif members, and, in connection therewith 100, with the tops on;large and fine retail

diameter, and these have shipped he had planted LeConte pears he will issue weekly, and sometimes at 1 cent a piece. Celery,very poor, short
and yellow or green; cauliflower, very
well. The Michel also shipped well might have now a tolerably secure in semi-weekly, a list of people poor. Spinach, fresh and nice, 1.00

,until the warm weather set in. of decided with figures set opposite their names, per bushel New potatoes, small and
II come. One crate pears lumpy, retail 50:> to 70 cents peck. CucumberS -
The "earth mulch" is somethingthe him, and that crate happened to be which will indicate the position that nothing but nubbins in Bight.
this delinquent occupies with the 50; to 75 cents per dozen. Egg plants,
grower should never forget in a culls. mostly smallish, retail to 20 cents each.

. -- drouth like the present. Deep stir- Native farmers who had lived in trade. For instance, when a buyer is String beans from South Florida, inferior,
slow is believed to spotted, wilted, 1.20 to 2.00 crate.
ring of the soil mixes the dry with the the flatwoods for thirty years, barely to pay, -

few cattle and have little financial responsibility, or .
moist earth and hastens evaporation, making a living with a AUCTION SALES.E.

but frequent stirring to the depth of swine and a field of corn and sweet habitually claims discounts, or has L. Goodsell, New York, April 11, .
750 boxes $2.18:
described in this code average
fault ,
themselvesat as
an inch or so husbands the supply of potatoes, laughed among any Fancy .. .. .. .. .... .. .. ...2.10 to 3.10
moisture below -. this earth mulch. the Crazy Yankees" who would the merchant sends his report to the'secretary Bright .. .... .... .. ....1.00 to 2.95;

of strawberries. Not and 'the name of the pur- Russet...... ......:.......1.30 to 2.85
whole acres
Most Florida soils which are kept plant





Same, April 14, 500 boxes, average, barrel; strawberries, 30 to 40c.per quart, The freeze a few nights ago-not a dry I Baldwin county, Ala. (near Pensacola)
$2.50: and scarce; English peas, 3.00; new Irish frost, but very wet one, virtually woundup I Peaches, 100; {pears, 50. '

Grape Fruit .... . . 1.30 to 1.70 potatoes, 4.50 per bushel. the peach crop in this section for 1892. De Funiak Spnngs-Pears, 50; budded
Bright . .. .. .. .. 1.70 to 3.25 What escaped heretofore disappeared a peaches, both late and early, 100; seedling -
Russet. .. .. . .. 1.70 to 3.20 ATLANTA, April!>. few nights ago, with the possible::; exception peaches, 20; plums, 10; oranges
2.50 box lemons 4.00 of a few seedlings. The :Missouri: (Satsuma; ), 50. This is the estimate of
Sgobel &.Day New York April 11 Oranges, ; ; co-
1,500 boxes: coanuts, 4 to 4.50 per 100; bananas, crop at best can't be more than a mere Mr. L. W. Plank, and is surprising on
2.00 to 2.25 strawberries 25c. fraction. Illinois up to date has fared account of the low estimate on seedling
Navels .. .. .. .... 2.15 to 3.00 fancy, ; ; better and can make a better showingthan peaches.
6.00 to 7.00 sweet 1.10
Indian River .. . . 1.80 to 2.25 potatoes, ; ; this State. Tallahassee Pears. 23.
onions bushel 1.25: red 3.25 barrel
Fancy . .. .-. .. . .. 2.05; to 3.10 yellow,Denver,, 3.25; ;cabbage, Florida I 3; The heavy receipts of cabbage duringthe Monticello\ -Pears, 20; late peaches,.
Bright . . .. .. .. . 1.55 to 2.65 to Louisiana; 2J -to 3c., week-some 8 or 10 cars-did not reduce :50; plums, 40.
Russet .. . .. .. 1.75 to 3.00 turnips 3i2c., 1.90 pound barrel; ; Florida, tomatoes,; the very high prices prevailing so Glen St. Mary-Pears, :50; late peaches,
Blake & Boston 12 to alarming extent. The Florida 25 plums, 10; 2:;. Later-
Ripley, April 2,381 2.75; beans, crate, 2.00 to 2.50; peas, long any ; oranges
boxes 2.51 stock proved the most attractive and the Peaches all .
average : 1.75; lettuce, 2.50 to 3.00 barrel; cauliflower gone.Waukeenah
Grape Fruit. . . . 37 to 2.50 crate, 1.75; celery, 65 to 75c. most expensive, too, to the trade. The (Jefferson county)-Pears,
Navels. :. .. .. .... 2.25 to 3.50 dozen. several cars of California offerings showed 100.
Bloods .. .. . .. .2.87 to 3.37 such very large heads unsuited to the Green Cove Springs Pears, 66;
Indian River . .. . .. 1.50 NEW: YORK, April 16. retail trade, that the prices steadily de- I peaches, 50; oranges! 50. Reports from
Halifax River . .. .. .1.25 to 3.10 Receipts of for the week closing clined on that stock. The offerings from other parts of the county indicate that
Fancy. . .. . .. .. . 1.00 to 3.62 to-day aggregate oranges 18,000, against 40- Louisiana the past few days were very oranges, peaches, pears and plums were
Bright . . . .. . 2.12 to 3.37 000 last week. Market linn and active I fine and quite an improvement on the not hurt.
Russet . .. .. ... .. 1.25 to 3.50 on good fruit, but poor fruit moves out earlier receipts from that State. off.Lawtey-Pears and peaches dropped
The malls are now burdened with letters
Snow & Co., Boston, April 12: slowly. Indian River3.50: to$4; brights, to fruit commission merchants from Waldo-Pears, :50; late peaches, 50) ;

Bright .. . .. .. . 2.85 to 3.87 selected, $2.75 to $3.25; straight lines, 50)( to 100 different shipping points in the plums, 25: ; oranges, 50; grapes, 50: strawberries -
Russet. .. .. .. . ... 2.00 to 3.62 $2.50 to $3: ; russets, $2.25 to $2.75; South from parties seeking positions as 30; kakis, 25.GainesvillePears.
California Seedling . . 1.75 to 3.05 Navels, $3 to $4; Tangerines to $7; solicitors and agents Correspondenceof 25; ; early peaches,
Navels..3.25 to 4.37 Mandarins, $4 to $6; grape fruit, $1.50 to 25 late 50 50
this character, so many firms declare, ; peaches, ; plums, ; oranges,
Cincinnati Fruit Auction House, Cin- $2.50; strawberries, Charleston! to 40c, has grown to a surprising extent. The 40; grape fruit 75.
Floridas, 20 to 45c.; pineapples, :30 to Citra 40.
cinnati, April 15: growers and shippers everywhere are : Oranges,

Grape Fruit. . .. .. ..1.05; to 2.10 40c. Vegetable market active. String becoming alarmed over the situation, Belle view (Marion county): Pears,
$3; to $5 $1 to $2
:I..1.35 ; peas, and at what appears:; to them an unnecessary young trees, 50; early peaches, 20; late
Bright . . .. . to 2.25 Charlestons and Savannahs $2 to $2.50:
Russet. .. . .. . . 1.05 to 2.55: Charlestons baskets $2.50 to, $3 beets; tax on the business. Some of the peaches 80; plums, 70; oranges 80;
; producers declare they are talked to death grape fruit, i)0.) Dry weather; fruit
E. Roberts, Philadelphia, April 8: $1.25 to $1.75; squash. $l. ;0 to $1.75:;; and at the busiest; season of the !shedding some.BrooksviJIe .
Hart's TardifT .. . . 3.00 to 3.30 .* : very year
tomatoes, carriers, $2.0 to :3.i0)(), crates, when time is precious. : Pears, few in the county,
Old Vini. ..... .. . .2.35to2.GO $2 to $2.50; asparagus, $4 to $5.50; cab- fair crop; early peaches all killed; late
Indian River .. . . 2.10 to 2.55 bage, $3 to $3.75; celery, SOc to $1 i 00; peaches full crop; plums full crop;
Grape Fruit.. . .. . .. GO to 1.90 lettuce, $2 to $4; Charleston, baskets NEW YORK.: April 19. oranges full crop but shedding badly
Bright. . .. . .. .. . 1.00 to 2.90!> $1 to $1.75; spinach, $1.25; to $1.50; The orange market is in much better from dry weather; grape fruit the same.
Russet. .. ... .. .. 1.05 to 2.65 i kale, 75c to $1 ; radishes, $1 to 150.::; shape and prices have advanced on all LeCanto (Citrus county): The frosts
Same, April 11: Southern eggs, 13 to 131-2c; duck, 24 grades: Beets, 1.50 to 2 per crate; cab- did considerable damage to early vegetables -
Russet Navels . ... .. 2.15 to 20c; gccse, 30 to ;3oc.) bage, 2.75 to 3.25 per crate; peas, 1 to and Peento peaches and plums, andI
Bright. .. .. . .. . l.GO to 3.00 PALMER, RIVENBUUG & Co. 1.25 per box ; tomatoes, carriers, 2.50? to expect has cut off the orange crop fully
Russet .. .. .. .. . 1.40 to 2.90 3.50; tomatoes, per bushel crates, 2 to:3; two-thirds in some parts of the county.
PHILADELPHIA, April 16. beans, 2.50? to 5 per box.PHILADELPHIA. Dunedin (Hillsboro county): Oranges,
MACON\ GA. !>. fruit I the
April The receipts of oranges the past week 200; grape 110. presume
These are average quotations; extra have been very light and prices advancedon April 19. orange and lemon crop will be double
lots a little higher; poor lots sell much good solid juicy fruit but large, We find a. good many of the tomatoes that of last year; grape fruit 10 percent.more. .
lower: Oranges, bright, 176 to 200s, 2; rough fruit dull aud neglected. Grape arriving here rot very quick around the .
bright russet, 1.85 to 2; grape fruit, no fruit, when bright, sell on arrival at full)) stem, which I suppose is from the effectsof Limona (Hillsboro county): Oranges,
sale; pineapples, none in market yet; quotations, but poor stock won't pay to the cold weather that you have had, 1,000. All the young groves in this vicinity -
new Irish potatoes, per bbl.. 6; cabbage, ship. Vegetables continue in light sup- but the demand is good and the tomatoes as well as my own promise from ,
40 heads and over per crate, 3; beans, ply and demand holds good. We quote: are selling well. They are selling Lest in 10 to 20 times as much as ever before; in
per bushel crate 3; peas, per bushel Oranges, brights, desirable sizes, 3.50 to carriers, especially if the stock is fine.Iut fact, the first crop of much account.
crate, 1.50; cauliflower, large heads, cab- 3.75; russets, 2.75 to 3.25;); large sizes, it is well to pack the number :?'s in CROPS ABOUT SAVANNAH, OA.
bage crate, 5; tomatoes, bushel crate, 2.00 to 2.50; grape fruit 2.00 to 2.50 per crates so as to keep up the reputation of Crops are progressing finely but need
3.50 ; strawberries, per quart, 20c. box l ; tomatoes, earners:;, choice 4.00 to the tine stock arriving here in carriers. rain. There is a large acreage of j potatoes -
Good demand for everything quoted, es- 5.00; bushel crates, 3.00 to 4.00( ; beans Jeans[ are coming forward more. Charleston with a poor stand in many places.
pecially cabbage. mostly arriving in bad condition; good cabbage are getting the best prices, Beans are quite liberally planted but
MACON\ PRODUCE EXCHANGE. young tender stock good demand. 4.00 as their heads are not quite as large as show signs of dry weather. No beans
to: 5.00 per crate; peas, 2.00 to 2.50 per he; Floridas, and are meeting with better will be shipped before the 10th or 15th
SAVANNAH, April 19.!> crate; egg plants, 10.00 to 12.00 per bbl.: sale. Our native cabbage is about of May. Potatoes will be shipped traIn
Oranges, bright, 2.50 to 2.75; russet, cabbage, 3.00 to 3.50 per bbl crate: lone for the season. There is quite an ; the 25th> of May until the first:; of June.A .
1.75 to 2.25; Grape fruit, barrel, 1.75, squash, 1.75 to 2.00 per crate; beets, 1.50 inquiry for beets in our market, and I I frost on Saturday night injured the
box,1.00; Pineapples, crate, 4.00 to 5.00; :to 2.00 per bu. crate; kale, 10 to 12c. per would advise shipping them with the tomatoes.
Bananas, bunch, 1.25 to 1.75; Potatoes, bunch; cucumbers, 6.00 to 7.00 per crate. tops: on them, as they are green and sell FOOD CROPS AND COTTON.
Irish, barrel, 5.00 to 6.50, sweet, bushel, Ship all vegetables A. C. D. all rail. better in that way
Starke Bradford I have
50c.: Onions, yellow, barrel, 3.00, red, REDFIELD & SON. W. MICHAEL.. ( county): never
meat fattened in
seen more county
3.25, crate 1.25; Turnips, barrel, 1.50;
since the farmers have butchered
Beets, 2.50; Cucumbers, dozen, 20c.;Celery :ST.:) Louis, April 18. CHARLESTON, April 20. meat for home consumption and some

Beans., dozen cote., 75c.2.00; Egg to plants 2.50: ,Pew barrel, 2.50; Oranges-Florida, extra fancy, as to : Shipments of strawberries, which at to spare. Wo will not have to dependon
rwe. size, 3.50 to 4.25Iexican; \ per box, 3.50; one time reached a hundred crates day, the West for our bacon and lard this
dozen 50c. Cauliflower
2.00 ; ,
crate; 1.50 Florida tomatoes, 3.00 Straw- to 3.75; Florida brights, per lx x, as to fell off to fifty crates a day, owing to the year.
20c.; size, 2.50 to 3.00; do. russets, per box, as loss off bloom from frost some weeks Jackson county: Acreage in cotton this
berries, KAVANAUOII & BRENNAN. to size: 2.75 to 3.50; California Navels, ngo. New potatoes, 6.50 barrel; beans, year 85: per cent. t
per box, 2.50 to 3.00. 1.75 to 2; cucumbers, dozen, G5c;) ; celery, Levy county: Cotton :50 per cent.;
AUGUSTA April 19.!> Strawberries quickly picked up at 50 "*5c. dozen; beets, 2 barrel. corn and peanut crops largely increased.
to 60c. quart. Pines, demand good, 1.50 *-e-. I I Madison county: Cotton, 80; corn, 120. .
. Oranges, choice, 3.00; lemons, new to 3.00 dozen. Grape fruit, fair demand, Bradford county: Cotton, 80.
crop, 3.00 to 3.50; cabbages, 3.00 to 3.50 2.73: to 3.50: box. Cocoanuts, 3.50 per 100.Celery Crop Notes. Leon county: Cotton, GO.
barrel; rutabagas, sack, 1.75; potatoes, about the only offerings were Some days ago we sent out inquiries to Taylor county: Cotton, 70.
new, 6.50 to 7.00; sweet, 75c. to 1.00 from California, wilted, sold slowly, 2 :50 a, number of our correspondents; with -.----
bushel. to :3.00 crate. special reference to deciduous fniits. QUESTIONS AND REPLIES.
Green peas, Louisiana and Texas: 1.00 The inquiries wo directed to orange
BIRMINGHAM, April 18. to 1.2512:l bu. box; Florida, 2.50 to 2.75 growers were sent only toa limited number ;371. SILK OAK, JAPAN CHESTNUT.
Louisiana cabbage, 2& c. pound; bu.; beets, per dozen bunches, 50 to 60c.; living in the northwestern corner of B. E. :M.:\ Umatilla. For the Australiansilk
choice 360 lemons, 2.50 per box; fancy turnips, per dozen bunches, 30e.; carrots, the orange belt, for it was only in this oak tree write to Keasoner Bros.,
360 lemons,3.25 per box; Florida oranges: per dozen bunches 45c.;) ; spring onions, part of it that the frost of :March:\ 11)) and Oneco, Fla. If your Japan chestnut
2.50 to 2.75 per box; peanuts, 4 to 5c. per per dozen, 15 to :20c.; cauliflower, per :20? seems to have done any damage worth does not bear and is thrifty, give it a
pound; onions setts, white, 5.50 per dozen, 4.00 to 5.00; cucumbers per doz., considering. \\ hat injury may resultto moderate root pruning toward the end
bushel; onions setts, :yellow, 4.50 per .25; to 1.50; potatoes, \\wr hUe hox l 2.50: : the orange crop from dropping and of the growing season.
bushel; onions, yellow, 2.75 to 3.00 per string beans, per bu. box, 3.50: to 4.00; from_ the red spider will have to be as- 362. WORK: OX VITICULTURE. M.
barrel: pop corn,hickory nuts and wal- egg plant, per dozen, 2.50 to 3.00. Tomatoes certained later. The estimates given S. Write to E. Dubois Tallahassee
Tampa. -
nuts, 1.00 to 2.00per bushel; snap beans, are coming daily both by freight herewith were made a sufficient lengthof for work in
2.00 to 3.00; cucumbers, 3.00 to 3.50; and express from Florida, and it will bea time after the frost to allow the on grape- growing
tomatoes, 2.00 to2.50; one-quarter bushel matter of news and interest to your growers to ascertain the loss from dropping >- Flori a.
crate tomatoes 50 to GOc.; parsley spin- readers to learn that the carriers orbas- though this still continues, owing 303. WORK: ON ORANGE: GROWING,
ach, leeks, shallots and mustard greens, ket crates are averaging; at least a dollar to the uncommon drouth, and may yet W. B. M., Augusta, Ga. Moore's is the
50 to GOc. per dozen each; radishes GO to above the old-fashioned square bushel reduce very materially the subjoined only work on Florida orange growing;
75c. per dozen; Louisiana celery\; 65 to box, although the latter contains a trifle estimates, especially in the case of pears Helen Harcourt's. on fruit culture in
75c. per dozen; lettuce, 3.50 to 4.00 per more than the basket crate. and peaches: general .







OUF Y oun Foll\s. 8,000. The price is very low, only ten $1.50 per box, and last fall he sold Four years ago a few experimental

cents per year, so every one can affordto his entire crop, 1,500 boxes, for $1.45f. shipments were made. Three years
take a copy for themselves and a half few hundred
o. b.-DeLand Record. ago only a crates were
dozen copies for their friends.FloridaStar.
A REGULAR BOY. sent North from the whole county.
Jim Baird, the fruit buyer, reports
Two the from
He was not at all particularTo that he has completed a careful esti-- years ago shipments one
station Winter Haven amounted to
keep the perpendicular, mate of the number of boxes of ,
White walking he either skipped or jumped; gtate J'fews. oranges which were shipped from the 3,500 crates. Last year the same
He stood his head awhile shipped crates nearlyall
upon place 22,000 (
vicinity of DeLand within a radiusof
And when he went to bed awhile, and it is
tomatoes) now sending
Some Gainesville cabbage has nettedas about miles of the city and the ,
He dove among the pillows which he thumped.He 3 ,
off crates daily. total
high as $3.75 per crate this spring.Mr. total runs up to 290,000. This, uponan over 2,000
never could keep still a bit; for the season will probably be 60,000or
The lookers-on thought ill of it. Schultz, of Orange County, has average, brought into this section crates and, be it remem-
He balanced on his ear the kitchen broom, successfully extracted the oil from $290,000.: -DeLand Record. 70,000
bered, this is from Winter Haven alone,

Which And did was some wonderfully nice trapezing-pleasingOn orange peel.Several Cedar Keys is doing a big businessin while Haines City, Auburndale, Lake-

every peg in grandpa's harness room. of the Leon county truck the shipping of oysters in the bulkto land and Eagle Lake are yet to hear

From absolute inanity gardeners are making a big success. every corner of the State, and Cedar from, and Bartow, Homeland, Fort

The cat approached insanity, with onions this year. Key oysters are one of the chief itemsof Meade and other Polk county townsare

To see him slide the banisters so rash; The orange wine factory at Clay transfer at Baldwin, where many yet to come in on later crops.-

But once on that mahogany, Springs, Orange County, has made barrels of oysters may be seen on the Bartow Courier.In .

While trying to toboggan, he this year twelve carloads of wine. railroad platform daily. The Cedar
Upset his calculations with a crash; has attained June last one township on Bis-
Key quite an
oyster enviable -
Apalachicola has four sawmills that Bay had seven homesteaders.
And since that sad disaster reputation.-Levy T.D.If cayne
turn out 240,000 feet of superficial I In the latter of the month
He has gone about in plaster- I I part twenty
Not Paris, like a nice Italian toy lumber per day; one shingle rrtill with you want a tree with a record, square miles were opened by the

But the kind the doctor uses the capacity of 15 ,000 shingles per Bro. Oslin, come over here and we government to homesteaders. Withinthe

Whenever bumps and bruises will show you one that has produced next three weeks people from

Overcome a little, regular, live boy. day.The Halifax Journal states that forty boxes of fruit for one crop.- Florida and Georgia made a rush into

-. -Lynn Item. young orange trees in the lowest, Oviedo Chronicle. You will both the new territory and entered 142 new

Round Shoulders. wettest part of the grove were not so have to try again, neighbors. Dr. B. homesteads. This township is No. 54

Hound shoulders are generally duo to much injured as those upon the highest G. Abernethy gathered from one tree : south, and of range 41 east. It has

a pernicious habit acquired in early life dryest ground. In Lawtey the in his grove near Altoona, this county, nine miles of beautiful and productive

-often at school where a child sits for reverse was true.Notwithstanding. over fitly boxes of oranges this season. country fronting on the bay. Out-

hours bending over a desk that is too low -Tavares Herald. side of the bay or in the ocean is as
for it. Others seem to be naturally weak it has been anoff"
The paving material used in Orlandois placid as an inland lake, as there is no
and down
chested cringe in consequence. I year in orange growing, a number -
surf and the swell of the Atlantic is
Still others are made round shouldered I of large groves have been sold at a sandy, ferruginous clay, the same ,

by their parents. Some people have got good prices. The latest is the eighteen that is exposed in the cuts on the South broken by the Bahamas. These islandson
the erroneous notion that they can't the east with the coast of Floridaon
Florida railroad at Haines City and at ,
of Orlando to
acre Shelby
sleep without having the head propped grove, ,
the hem in sound
west, really a
Bartow It makes
Junction. a fairly
away up on pillows, and they think the a Boston capitalist. .
good and smooth macadamized road which is deep and a splendid harborfor
baby can't; sleep unless fixed likewise; so ,
while yet in his cradle his head is raisedup The date of the Fruit Growers' but it is horribly dusty and the dust is ships. The bay has a splendid

on pillows while he sleeps. The nat- Convention in Orlando has been of fine clay which enters every creviceof I entrance, fully seventeen feet deep at

ural position in sleep for either child or changed from May 4 to May 19, so the houses and cannot be brushedout high tide. All of these< advantagesare
man is with the head nearly level with as not to interfere with the meetingof the
of the silicious as nothing compared to fertilityof
the body. Anything that raises the head clothing so easily as
the State Horticultural Society at the soil. Potatoes but
and shoulders above the body tends to dust of Gainesville.The are planted
produce round shoulders. This conditionin ; Ormond, May 3, 4 and 5. once in five years, egg plants have

the young is a calamity and should be Some miscreant in the Manatee Lemon Company has borne three years in succession and
was seen act
been under the laws of
treated as such, for their bones are still incorporated tomatoes are seldom replanted An
partly cartilage and so are soft and easily of setting fire to the wiregrass in front Florida, with a capital stock of$I8o,. immense of pineapples is beingset

bent into shapes that nature never in- of the house of S. W. Corley, near ooo-$10 a share. non asses-able. crop
tended. If they remain thus until laterin Leesburg, and the house, in which the Fifty thousand dollars of stock will out, and upon every homestead
life they have hardened and the deformity the of death that starch-producing plantcumtiegrows -
owner lay at point was
be sold for share for
$5 a working
be remedied. Then wild. bear
can never Grapes bountifully.
saved from
narrowly burning.
watch the little children and try to keep capital, and 10 per cent. dividendsare The weather is just as cool in summeras

them from getting into those habits that Monday S. A. Jones consummatedone guaranteed on same by the First it is in Jacksonville and sickness is

will make them stoop-shouldered and of the largest land deals of the National Bank of Ocala. The landsare almost unheard of..-Times Union.
above all don't
for this condition.responsible, as parents, times. He sold a couple of townshipsof the best and most favorably sit- ,

ee.Reverenoe. .._ sugar land on the east COlst and uated in the State, ou Terra Ceia Bay,
For Nervous Debility.
.for the Flag. realized his profit $30,000 and one- illy miles south of Tampa. .Its offi-

No doubt most boys and girls have. met sixth interest.Tampa Journal. cers are: Myron E. Gillett, President Use Ilorsforcl's, Acltl rhoiphate.!

with the words "serving the flag," but I Pineapple culture is exciting a good and Manager; George W. Wilson, Dr. H. T. Turner, Kasson, Minn.,
dare few of them know how liter- "I have found it beneficial
say deal of interest herabouts, and plantsof Vice president, and Fred. C. Buffum, says : very
ally the phrase expresses the sentiments Secretary and Treasurer.Ocala Ban-I ill nervous debility, from any
the choicer varieties have been in
of army and navy officers. They do not "
talk much about it usually, but they great demand at thirty five cents a ner. cause I and for indigestion.

have away down in their hearts a deep piece, the demand being far in excess '--

veneration for their country's colors, of the Orlardo Sentinel.At .
and they do what they can to impressthe
feeling) on the men who serve under Eau Gallie Mr. John Aspinwallhas PAR E S S (CONSUMPTION OF THE BRAIN

them. I read in a newspaper not long cucumber house, 6ox8o, covered

Sherman.An ago an interesting. anecdote of General with cheese cloth, not. heated artificially can certainly ba cured by only and dii.i: ; u.I..u.'lPROF.. Pii-irs great discovery.

officer West Point told the news- which is said to be a mass of

paper correspondent that when he was bloom and fruit. Next year he will PAINE'S CELERY COMPOUNDsSaved

cadet General Sherman visited the post, build a larger one and cover it with

and of course reviewed the battalion."I glass. From tho Insane Asylum. Dear s/w-i foci itmy dntyto tell you
was in tlie'color guard," said the offi- for ureise it About a
what Paine's Celery Compound did me. I can't enough. year ago my
cer, "and when the general, passing The Belleview :Mining Company is head troubled mo sj that it seemed an thoug I sh! -rtlil be crazy. It was caused bl over-
down the line, came to the flag, ho uncovered putting in a fifty-ton phosphate dryer, study. I asked the cdvico of two doctors, who pave me medicine to no effect, and I did not
his head, bowed low, and his built by the Merrill Seven: .:Engineering know what I woulJdi. I did not want to sje anyone, everything seemed ao strange. 1
face wore an expression of the deepest had u tired languid feeling: ,my kidneys troubled me and I felt badly. I read your advertisement -
Company of Jacksonville. This in a paper and thought would try the compound. Before I bad taken half of one
This act veneration the
reverence. by new dryer will greatly facilitate the bottle I felt like a new person. Four Lottie cured me and I would recommend it to all
storn old soldier taught us cadets a lesson that feel the way I did. Yours truly, MBS. J. E. WILCOX, Rural P.O.,W IS.
of the and enable
that we can never forget; -W. H. working phosphates
__ HENDERSON, in St. Nicholas. the company to fill their fast increas- Physicians: Prescribe: It. Dear Sfrw-I am much pleased with the action ofPains
in those where the nervous system was broken down from
.r I a!!Celery Compound cases
Melbourne, Fla., is the ing orders more readily.The orer-work of mind or body. I hare seen particularly good results where the patient had
publishing George Woodward west lost all ambition, no appetite,comtipatetl,could n.-t sleep nights, ec. Threr or four cases
place of a live paper, the Midget, a grove of weak,emaciated, hysterical females hare been cured with the Compound. I have observed
monthly for young people, edited by of the city has a magnificent crop that it quiets excitable nerves! gives patients better rut, increases appetite,regulates
Miss Ethel Stout, the youngest editressin coming on this year. George is one bowels,and Is a good remedy to build up IJwJ.en-iown cases generally. Yours truly,
the State we believe, being only ten of the lucky of the p.. C. EDGEKTOX, M. D., Altona, 111.
years old. The paper has met with great orange growers It la sold by all reliable druggists.7ELLS., EICIUEpgoy, A CO., Props.,Burlirgton.Vt.
success and has a large circulation, the orange belt. The season before last
issue of the April number being over he sold 2,500 boxes which netted him I I Beware of worthless imitations. DIAMOND DYF314 '$.






cuttings were secured and placed in THREE RAISED CAKES "California Cold Process"

0m? 1 UFal Jlome! beds, where they took root and grew ZLmesville, Ohio, is the home of

without the loss of scarcely a cutting The Kind that Did F shioned one Dun, who is the most adroii and

Kathleen Mavourneen. Mr. Richardson sold these cuttings Cooks Kept for Company.To persistent s\\ imJlcr in the Union.

Kathleen Mavourneenthe gray: dawn is breaking,I for $125, and in the budding season those housewives who keep cake 'Jennie [wood" lives;: in Zanes

sold $10 worth of buds from the same vide, Ohio. \r e are now satisfied
The horn of the hunter is heard on the hill. constantly on hand, who get tired 01
dew I Is bush.-Fruit Farmer. that this is another of this man's
The lark from his light wing the bright only
the kinds baked andover
common over
shaking, innumerable ah3S:S. Ou correspondents -

Kathleen Mavourneen,what slumbering still 1 A Tin Can Opener. again, and who do not care for who ui-h to I learn the "Califor

Oh, bast thou forgotten how soon we must sever? One little thing which has perhaps or cannot afford rich cooking, raised nia Cold ProcesV can write to r Jennie
Oh, hast thou forgotten this day we part
It may be for years and it may be forever stood in the way of a still larger con cake may present a gratifying change.It l\la"word) if ihey wish, but we give

Then why art thou silent, Kathleen Mavournee'n sumption of tinned goods has been the keeps moist longer than the. other them. ihiwarninir.: ED

? inconvenience of tins. _
kind ( the rich cake 17
except very 45 sold in 88
Kathleen Mavourneen awake from thy slumbers! This, it must be borne in mind, is

The blue mountains glow in the sun's golden usually done by women, who are not which always keep well), is more 2,288 sold in '89

light. as strong as men, are not expert in easily freshened and is quite as appetizing 6,268 sold in '90
Ab where is the that once hung on thy
numbers 1: spell such operations and who do not always besides being much more di 20,049 sold in '91 I

Arise in thy beauty, thou star of my night have a suitable can-opener in gestible by the average stomach. The' 60,000 will be sold In '92 (

Arise in thy beauty thou star of my night good condition, at hand, and hencea following excellent and times Steel Windmill and Steel

Mavourneen, Mavourneen, my sad tears are falling cook will frequently give a preference many Tower every 3 minutes.
tried rules deserve a trial Good CT:::: These figures tell the
to called "fresh" fruits says .A
so vege story of the ever-growing,
To think that from Erin and thee I must part.It ever-going, everlasting
tables, fish and meats not canned, Housekeeping : : :
may be for years and it may be forever, Steel Aermoter. Where

t Then why art thou silent, thou voice of my which, in reality, are not nearly so RICH RAISED CAKF. ot-t"o9a l and ono we **goes> ; -others e Country.follow*"

heart? fresh as those in tins. Three pounds of flour, one and one- ::: .t w!3:i: Though..U,we wre unable"make sll 0'i"

It may be for years and it may be forever This obstacle, however, to the evo- half pounds of sugar twelve ounces of i -=: 0N a0..:103 e e the wal 10.W3AermownIn'91.! 'now Orders we eflea have

Then why art thouleilent: Kathleen Mavour lution of the food supply, bids fair to butter, seven ounces of lard one and ope- I .:'6 S a po ..c:::0: t promptly ascID.reuechar: to plant our plant tmrease and are la prepared every

neen ? half! pints of milk, one coffee cupful of d .. a .0 habitable poll Ion of toe(lobe.
be removed the extensive intro
m by $0oo C) Are you ear-font to know tow the Aer-
yeast, two nutmegs a teaspoonful of .:: ':::: .U rnotorCo.luthe4'hearoflusitu..
duction of self devices which
The Cape Jasmine.J. opening mace: three eggs, one pound of raisins, ili: CI) encf.came to make many times as
have no\v been far that f..'"' .. ) many windmills as all other
so perfected four ounces of citron and a teaspoonfulof 'Q.. HOW
J. Shirley writes from Alvin :;: a makers combined? we
they can be pronounced a practical salt. Scald the milk, lard and a pint 8 t-p S a i c. came to originate the Steel Wheel
g ..
Tex.: The name is that of a shrub or a =- the Su-el fixed Tower,Ch. bteelTJ .
of When cool stir in tl.e e
success. sugar together. .:.... : Tilting Tower? x"7
which is native i aJ- ilL We commenced la a field la Owbiea
indigenous to
plant flour and add the yeast.! Set in a \varn g ell
For some time one of these C ;b! there bad been im imprntmrnt <
tropical and sub tropical climates. past place until light; then add the butter and a ii fur i3 ftan,and la which 0 .g:
there seemed ., ambl .
devices introduced by the Franco. no talent Q
One species in Southern Texas sugar beaten to a cream, eggs, fruit and W0s tlon.andnoue has yet teen shown' 3
grows American Patent Can Opening Co., spice. Let it rise a second time. Then N M;E except in /ttu imitation 0 p o
and Mexico but it is of Inventions.iff
more generally our
viz. the of from divide and put it into pans and after m: ** .
tearing a strip a Id. l> tore commencing the -
found in the East Indies and Southern Z w O
Betting it in a warm place for half an :;; mannfaeture.exbanstlte TJ
in the tin
cut by a key providedwith llflo
investigation and ::
groove y 3
Asia. The word jasmine or jassimineis hour, bake slowly for an hour. This I --.. menu were:made by a shed jS tDmecbauio.lengtneer.lowhich
each for this has
can purpose, makes quite a quantity, and if desire! 8. c C
said to be from the Arabic yasmeen. over 6,000 dynamomrtilo t 3
worked successfully; and i is already the recipe may be halved or thirded but J. tests wire made on 61 differ _n
There are in all about one hundred ent farm*of wbeels,propel- J
extensively used on many articles. the cake will keep a long time-indeed, ct: 1 1 led by artlflciaUnd therefore X 5Tnltora
varieties and most of them noted for wind which settled L
Jut[ a new device, which is so simple it improves by keeping and is:: most con CJ ; definite j many question a O 5 .
their exceedingly beautiful foliage and venient for unexpected company. It relating 10 the proper speed < o
and convenient that everybody exclaims of wheel the best form angle curvature and amount of sail s. .*
for their exquisitely beautiful flowersof will be found much more delicious if surf ic. the resistance of air' to rotation..tbstruetlon la the :2
i ;"'''hy didn't somebody thinkof old-fashioned is used althou li wheel I, such ai heavy wooden arms obstructions before the 7 L
white with a most delicious fra I hop yeast wheel,as in the Tanelcss mill and many other more abe < J?
i it before?" has just been introduced the; proper proportion of a yeast cape .tra>i.. iiiouh/ not less Im;ortaDt questions. These O a
grance. In Southern Asia the flowers Inveat'gat'ons! proved that the power of JB
I of'' by the Eureka Patent Can Openin may be used as a substitute. the best w'nd wheels could be doubled, .?.T
strewn in temples on account
and the AERMOTOR dally demonstrates <
Co. and which is both convenient and CAKE NUMBER TWO
It has been done. -C?
their rich Oil of is
perfume. jasmine > To the liberal policy of the Arnnotnr Co..that naran- ; .
article of but cheaper.The One cupful of raised dOl1 h.l>ne cut] e<<. its Rood* sail;tctory or pay fielght; both ways and o J t
au commerce, a pure ar to then wmoni of its factory which enables it to fur-
II be ful of molasses. one cupful of sugar ort c 3DHh
opened by tappingit
can can .
tide is A the bet article at lcs than the poorest is sold for. for "+ 3
scarce. gentleman at half of butter one cupful of font farnhn the
on the top around the cdje; with i: a cupful 92 we most perfect bearings ever g3
Houston Tex. has succeeded in extracting milk little pet> In a windmill.an l barn made an exhaustive rea H
a grated nutmeg a cupful < ;
hammer stove-lid lifter similar v'a'onoftho! Aermotor and Towers..S
a or
a very delicate perfume, and any raisins, a teaspoonful of soda two ter- If Jon want a strong,stiff.Steel Fixed Tnwer-or you!tH!! Q
utensil, or with a stone even, and of cinnamon one-half tea want cia,tower yoa diio't hare to climu! ,tbe Steel Tilting m
at no distant day a large industry in To rcr>aDJ the Wheel that runs when all others stand atilt 2
yet if a person chooses to use an ordinary spoonful of mace, one teaspoonful oi: Chit east you 1>s. than woud and late tea time at ling..toe Q
this line will no doubt be established, (ThiKtccl Arrmotor or if yoa want a Geared Aenpotor to O c
can-opener, there is nothing to love. three and one-half cupfuls of flow chain ,rind, eat ffpd. pomp water,turn perhaps at Alvin, Tex., as we are Bake slowly. wood that does the work ef 4 horses at the cost of j O
hinder from doing so. ODe if" 100)).write for copiously lituntratal printed matter g p
growing the flowers largely. We have showing every couerirablphaaeef windmill construction 3 C
This device has stood the severest A THIRD VARIETY. uS: woik.totheAERMOTOR. CO. 12th: l"eI Ruc*> ratrtU
the best variety known jasminum Sis..Chic'go,or 4i; uu:>Krate 3u.San KrancUco s
tests of handling and shipping, and iso Two cupfuls of light dough, two cupfuls -

grandiflorum. The flowers are very cheap (about one-tenth of Scent of sugar, one cupful of butter, one ,

large and double and very fragrant.The cupful of cream, two eggs one-half teaspoonful -
per can), that every packer, even of of of raisin
leaves are a rich dark green in soda one cupful

winter and summer. The plant is an the cheapest articles, can afford to em one cupful of currants, a teaspoonfti:\

ploy it without raising his price to the each of ground cinnamon and mace ama
evergreen. About 20 above zero is Work well together" I
trade or to consumers.-American grated nutmeg.
all the cold it can bear. The plant Grocer. and add sufficient flour to make it stiff.

requires a great deal of moisture and shape in loaves, put in pans, raise and

the hot sun suits it. It can be grown Fighting Mosquitoes.From bake slow Iv.. SPRAYING1Sprayinff:

from the cuttings. The plants well the laying of the to the l :,r ,
rooted one foot high can be had for egg Cooking ESTK Plant. f A.I' .
appearance of the lull grown mosquito One of the favorite ways cf cooking 1\\\\
If welt
watered at
$15 100.
per fifteen to twenty days only are required the fruit is to slice it crossways: making fAILURB-

planting they can be transplantedalmost [ under favorable conditions. the slices nearly half an inch thick, and:

any time-perhaps May or Note how rapidly, therefore, they can put them into a deep dish and cover with .m it a

June is the best time. The cut flowers The have boiling water; allow teaspoonful 1 of wilt
multiply. "wigglers" a jlljEproper
to a quart of water. Cover the dish and / -
sell well and
at good prices. They
tube the end of which is -
respiratory allow it to stand on the stove for half an
will ship 2,000 miles if properly above the surface and r t Fungicides
protruded> just ot hour. Then drain the water away

packed. The flower is quite fashion the water when they need air for I dip the slices in beaten egg and breadcrumbs r t Insecticide or

able at the South and getting quite This I and cook them in toiling fat at tit.proper *
breathing purposes. arrange. .. time.
until brown. Another is, after --t
way T.--
popular at the North and their
may ment renders it easy to suffocate and raining I to cook in just enough batter We manufacture all kinds of Fungicides and Insecticide
popularity increase, for they surely them. A thin film of kerosene of the bait qnalitiea. and put them up in them
destroy to keep the slices from burning ; seattn conTenient and economical forma for both dealers

deserve it. on the surface of the water they with per psr. aDd oBera. Our pamphlet-the
VALUE OF CAPE JASMINES. inhabit will do the work very effec- contain ABC useful OF and interesting information abort,

The statement of Mr. S. N. Rich. tually. But the first step to be takenin D CIJREFTSI! I the fruit Garden den,,the and OrcharJ.how to jet and good Vegetable Ow

ardson, of Alvin, Tex., that he sold fighting mosquitoes is to get rid of I
"When core I do noi mean merely: to stop them : GARDEN SEEDS JREEJ
$135 worth of buds and cuttings from all still or stagnant waters, such as for a time 8".7 ad then have eC1 ratc:1lain.: I rac=n:tondic.J

one Cape jasmine bush is rather start- lagoons or pools connected with cere.: I hare: tn-.da th j d sesso of FITS. EPILEPSY I Insecticides civ*" prices and and the description moet approved of Spraylnr Fompc

unused wells in hole or FALLISQ SICKXZS3 a I': -hnc stcdj. and Outfits. Special 1 departments on Track JTanalBC
ling to one not familiar with the plant streams waters
; warrant nr remedy to care the worst cases.: :Beraose: and Staple Crops. The bonk is free.
but not so to those who know its lows dammed up by fills, rain water others hire foiled ti no reason: for n.t now rwceirlsj a W. S. POWELL & CO..
Bottle of
market value. In pruning and trim- collected in barrels, etc.-W. L.l i cure.Infallible Scud at remedy.once f or Give a treitisa Express and and a Port O2ca.JI. I Chemical Fertilizer Manufacturers,

back bush old in Atlanta Journal. I Pearl BUi Y. Y. BALTIMORE, MD., U.S.A.
a eight years 100 JoNES, G. COOT, M. C., 183

wJ v



Our Wealth I see where the sun has gone, and what I and incomparably lovely. The under black hammock; not low enough to
Datura! grand arches meet our gaze! Immense growth is made up of palms, ferns of need draining, nor high enough to. !
timbers, as large as any forest tree we tree-like proportions, and shrubs and suffer for moisture.
THE HAMMOCK. have ever seen, are running across I vines to us nameless. The saw palmetto J. A. MCDONALD. .
The line between the "hammock"and each other far above our heads; they I or sabal scrrulata, with its
the "pine wood is distinctly look like huge trees laid horizontally; procumbent trunk creeping along and flg icultural Chemistry.
drawn we trace them from smaller to larger, warning us with its serrated: stems ........ ......,... -
the of
; growth one not en- till we find that they are only the that we had better not force an acquaintance Phosphates, Potash and Nitrates.- -
croaching on the other. There are a branches of enormous l live oaks, whose ; the blackberry vines two Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower:
great many varieties of hammock, but roots are at our feet; on every available inches thick and covered with hooked i According to Ville nitrogen is available -
the distinguishing feature of all is the spot or seam in the bark epiphytesor thorns, that when once touched it as plant food in the form of nitrogen .
total absence of pine, and a thick or air plants grow like parasites on the takes time to get away from; the in which form it is taken direct
leaning arms of these giants of the needle palmetto, with long, sharp from the air, in the form of ammonia
heavy growth of deciduous trees, and forest. Bouquets of flowers and tiny spines, like the quills of a porcupine; .I or its salts, and in the form of nitrates.
semitropical evergreens of the oak ferns that would delight the heart ofa the thorny vines rising up among the He holds that some plants, like
and magnolia families. florist, grow in every depression trees like the sheets and halyards of a legumes, take more nitrogen from the
The name "hammock" is derived where they can hold on by the bark vessel, but things to be let alone; all air than others.
from the Creek or Seminole and live on..the air. The fantastic this and much more is strange, inter- He therefore recommends the plant-
tongue, crooks and angles of the enormous esting, inexplicable. Above your headis ing of such crops as the legumes in
and was used by the aborigines to limbs of the live oak are what makes this gloomy, organic canopy, and order to restore the nitrogen to the
distinguish a .deciduous forest. Ac- this wonder of the forest so valuableto you feel that you are not able to take soil. 11
cording to the poet, Will Wallace the shipbuilder, their ugly forms in a hammock without some time to But the more generally accepted
Harney (good authority), it should be being easily moulded by the ship- study it and reflect. You are no theory is that nitrogen is available as
spelled and pronounced hamak. It wright's axe into the graceful curves longer astonished that the people of plant food in the form of nitrate, if [
has no such signification as the word and harmonious lines of a ship. The Florida have borrowed or manufac- not exclusively, so near so, that the
hummock, as used at the" North. For- amazing fertility of a soil which can tured the word, as there is no wordin other forms may be disregarded. j-
est, called "hammock, may be highor produce such a forest growth is beyondall our language that could give any Nitrate of potash is the most available -
low, wet or dry; and maybe a few calculation. Beside a live oak ten I conception of this wonder of vegeta form of either potash or nitrogen;
square rods in extent" and surroundedby feet in diameter, we find poplars of tion."A in practice, however, it does not seem
"pine woods, or it may extend feet in circumference "
twenty growingto HARD-WOOD FOREST. to give as good results as the more
over a vast area of country, includingall the height of a hundred feet with- The words "hard-wood forest," insoluble salt, sulphate of ammonia,
kinds of soil. (The magnificent"hamak" out a branch; the immense hickories, 1 used at the North, or the thing to though it stands ahead of the nitrate
in Hernando county covers ash and magnolias seem to need only which they are applied, seem tame r\f soda_
-- -----
100,000 acres ) But the growth of standing room, like the air plants. and insignificant compared with this: Its high price will prevent its gen.
oak, magnolia, hickory or other decid-- One of the live oaks will spread in a grand display. The blackberry bush eral use as a fertilizer.
uous trees, is its mark, and where the straggling way over near an acre of grows twenty feet high and two inchesin Nitrate of soda is a very soluble
pine begins the hammock ends. A land, while on the same ground is diameter; the gooseberry would salt; it is ,used in large quantities at the
pine tree in the hammock is rarelymet growing a quantity of timber of other not be recognized at all, as it is herea North by the market gardeners for-
with, while hammock trees in the kinds that seems simply marvelous. stately tree. The hickory has no forcing early vegetables. *
pine are an anomaly quite asinlrequent. GRAPE VINES. leaves till it spreads out at the top, a When applied as a top dressing to
: Grape vines nearly as large as a hundred feet above our heads. A leaf .lawns it is said to. show results in a
THE PINE WOODS. man's body grow up among the huge like the sugar maple is eagerly pluckedand few days.
We take the traveler with us and branches of \the live oak, resting on grasped as we would the hand of It is doubtful if it can be used to advantage
plunge at once into that grand mass some and .winding around others, till an old friend, but it emits a delightful, at all on our light, porous
of green rising up from the edge of they have separated into innumerable! resinous fragrance, and we find that i iis it soils. Possibly a little of the salt
the pine woods before us. We can branches, and look like the riggingof the sweet-gum. The great white thrown in the watering pot, whenever
see no trunk or branch of a tree, or a frigate, all loosely stretched flowers of the magnolia grandif/ora look that is used, would be good practice.
anything to support that verdant from spar to spar. Not a leaf of like white Japonicas, as large as break By far the largest source of nitrogenin
mountain of foliage; it commences at the vine is to be seen under the fast plates; in places the ground is i plant food is from ammonia and its
the roots of the pine trees and rises roof of this living arch, but when I covered with oranges, sour and bitter- salts. .
high above them; but here is a deer they reach the light they spreadover sweet. The trumpet vine, displaying Ammonia is very soluble in cold
trail and in we go, cutting a few vinesof the topmost branches of the trees its gorgeous garlands of scarlet flow water and less so in warm water. All
the "stop awhile" briar, which ob- till one vine covers an incredible area, ers like miniature trumpets, climbs up, the salts of ammonia suffer decompo-
struct our way, and in our efforts to and producing enormous quantities of and reaches out from the trunks of the sition in the presence of free alkali,
extricate ourselves we do not look grapes, quite out of human reach, tall, slender cabbage palms, whose the ammonia escaping as gas unless
around us till we are fairly inside the but very convenient for the feathered immense crowns of fronds tower up to caught by some absorbent
hammock, which from the outside tribe. The briar vines, and a vine a giddy height. All this is new, For this reason ammoniacal sub-
seemed as impenetrable as a haystack.The called "bamboo" by the natives, grow trange, wonderful. The practicalman stances should never be mixed with an
open pine woods have disap up and out to the top, and like the will examine the soil that produces alkali, except in the presence of a
peared. We look up in wonder and grape, utilize the tree tops as a trellis; these wonders-one would natu large amount of some absorbent nut
awe at the lofty dome above us; the their clinging tendrils binding the rally suppose that it must be a rich, ter.A
sun is shut out entirely, although it is upper surface into one solid mass, so I deep, dark loam, but on scraping strong smell of ammonia in a fertilizer -
midday, and before we entered this dense and tenacious of grasp that.the away the surface, we find that it is the indicates that it is rapidly deter-
mysterious pile was, perhaps, rather axeman finds great difficulty in gettinga same sand that we left in the. pine riorating by the loss of its most valuable -
warm, except in the shade. But here tree to fall, even when cut clear woods. We see (in some hammocks) constituent, If it is sticky or
is a different atmosphere, only the from the stump. I have seen a large corrugations in the soil, and upon pasty it indicates the presence of
most furious gales can stir the air under 'hickory cut off in lengths several close examination they prove to be some very soluble salt.
these dark, sylvan shades. Nevertheless times, and then swing clear from the the ridges or beds where sugarcaneor When nitrogenous organic matter is
the atmosphere is pure, cool and ground, supported by the living net sweet potatoes have been grown decomposed the nitrogen takes the
laden with a rich perfume; the wild from whose meshes its ponderous ages ago. Unmistakable evidences of form of ammonia which i in the presence
orange blossoms, the aroma of the weight could not free it. Only the ancient tillage are often found in the of the alkalies, is slowtyjjjfianged
ripe fruit, the broad flowers of the great chieftains of the forest, like deepest hammocks, and are attributedto to a nitrate of one or the other of
magnolia grandiflora and the wild jasmine great empires, can fall of their own the Jesuits or Indians. There is no these classes.
mingle their, fragrance and we weight, when their trunks have been satisfactory reason for this being a This nitrification is due to the pres-
are captivated. Our preconceived severed.A hammock, except that the fire has ence of some low form of organic
notions of sandy plains and scanty never run over the surface, as it doesin life.
vegetation in Florida have vanishedand GRAND NATIONAL TEMPLE. the pine woods every year, and the If die free ammonia is not caughtby
here is Florida as she ought to be. Just about the time we were readyto falling leaves have enriched the soil some absorbent it escapes in the
LIVE OAKS. decide that the soil of Florida could until it has culminated in this perfection air, where it exists not in the free .
not support heavy growth, we have of forests, for which there in no state, but combined with carbonicand
The soft, subdued light, so dark and been transported, as if by magic, into I other appropriate name but "ham- other acids. And then ammo
yet so bright, is in such striking contrast this grand temple of tropical luxuri mock." niacal salts are washed down in small
with the glare of a vertical sun ance.Ve look around us for some There are many varieties of ham quantities by every rain.
in the pine woods we have just left, tree, plant, or flower that we can that we instinctively look up first to by name, but all is-new and 1 to describe is in
. strange, trying called heavy or any form the utmost care is needed,






not only because of its cost, which is I volatilize, and the escaping gas be I Green Cove Springs-Planting is gen- Rubber Trees for the Everglades.A .
much than that of the soil be erally retarded by the continued
greater phosphate I caught by the soil. The must St. Louis paper lately suggestedthe

or potash salts, but of the great in a suitable condition to act as an I drought.Hypoluxo-The hot sun and dry winds culture of the rubber tree in the
danger of losing it by improper ma- absorbent moisture and the
; presenceof
have drained ground of all moistureand Everglades and now the Orlando
nipulation, and last and perhaps greatest vegetable mould seem to be the all crops except pineapples are ,

the danger of adding too much. greatest factors of this suitability.The badly wilted. Tomato shipments are County Reporter states that Major J.

For it seems to be the general vejr- alkali must be present to act nearly finished.JupiterThe. O. Kerby, ex consul to Para, and whois

dict that foot-rot, die back, and such as a base, and the microbes of nitrification various crops are suffering now down on the Amazon, has sent
forms of malnutrition are often di must be present in a suitable for rain, though heavy dews par-
seeds and of this Prof.
tially compensate for the deficiency in plants tree to
rectly traceable to a tco liberal appli- condi ion to unite these somewhatcoy
rainfall. O. Winkleman of Orlando to be
cation of nitrogen.Of lovers so as to form the nitrates.Of ,
the different forms of homemade the condition of the life and Kissimmee-The and high winds continued prevent crops dry weather of all- tested. We should be pleased to learnof

fretilizers, whether the compost, or growth of this ferment, microbe, or kinds from doing much. Farmers are his success, but have no confidencein

crop turned under, or allowed to rot whatever it is, little or nothing is becoming discouraged and those who the adaptability of any variety of

on the surface, I need not speak, known, but it seems highly probablethat can are irrigating. the rubber tree for part of Florida.
they all contain more or less ammonia; it will occupy a commandingplace Lawtey Three light frosts in exposed
this week. The low The Para which is the
temperatureand most
places variety,
that in stable manure is in a very in the ftiturescience of agri-
the continued drought have greatly
soluble state and must be treated accordingly culture. injured all crops, particularly strawberries. valuable of a dozen or fifteen kinds,

and the same can be said WINDSOR S nTn. Shipments are falling off at least is such a purely tropical tree that it

of all nitrogenous animal matter, .. ..-- one-half. would not flourish even in Central

whether from decomposition or excre- I WEATHER AND CROPS. Lloyds-The week has been quite India, though it succeeds in Ceylon,
ment. I cool with frost on the morning of the Malabar and South Burmah. The

There is 2 or 3 per cent. of nitro For the Weok Ending A pril 15th, 10th which, however, did but little Para rubber tree succeeds as far northas
fell the
damage. A light rain on nightof
gen in bones, and this, when they are 1892. the 11th, which did great good. It Calcutta.

finely ground, is one of the best forms, RAINFALL. was followed by a cloudy day and a good Assam rubber, also Java rubber

so far as it goes. In bone meal it is The drought in Florida continues. Xo deal of tobacco was set out. Oats were and Rangoon rubber, all of them in- .

intimately associated with phosphateof rain has fallen over the greater part of made all right by the rain. This morn- ferior, are said to be made from the
lime the State during the past week. Light ing (the l.th; ) a strong northwest windis Ficus e/as/iaz which is
; this fact prevents it Irom : blowing and it is quite cool for the so common as
going into solution too fast, while the local showers are reported from some I season. a window ornament as not to require
sections but being followed by brisk
decomposing organic matter probably high winds they proved of but little \1icco-llain is now badly needed. description. These trees have been .
increases the solubility of the phos benefit in reviving vegetation. The High winds are drying the ground out cultivated in Assam; it is calculatedthat

phate. heaviest showers reported occurred in rapidly. Trucking interests in this sec- they can be tapped when twenty-

This last may give us a hint in Dade county in the vicinity of Jupiterwere tion are seriously suffering from five years old, and that after fifty years

using the rock phosphate, namely: about one-third of an inch fell on drought. they will yield forty pounds of
to weather still continues
Thursday night. Vegetables appear Milton\ -The
To mix the phosphate as intimately as have suffered most from the dry weather. dry. The small amount of rain on the caoutchouc (worth about $15)) every

possible with some nitrogenous sub- The yield of strawberries is decreasingand llth helped some. Farmers are com- I three years, as it is injurious to the

stance. Of course it would be impossi. shipments have fallen off con- plaining some of drouth, but nothing is health of the tree to tap it oftener.

ble to make more than the rudest approximation siderably. Fruit trees are beginning to suffering. Farm work is progressingwell. .
such mixture. be affected. Peaches, pears, plums and Many Persons arc broken
to a
even oranges are reported to be droppingfrom Molino-Owing 'to high winds the down from overwork or household cares.
One trouble with the use of cottonseed the trees; this may be due in partto ground has dried out very much, partic- Brown's Iron Bitters Rebuild,tho
f meal is its liability to cake-if the freezing weather of March 19th ularly where it has been cultivated. We system, aids digestionamoves. excess of bile,

before applied it were mixed with fouror and 20th. Orange growers are irrigatingtheir are not needing rain badly. and cures malaria,_ ...oc1..-the genuine.

five times its bulk of finely ground groves where practicable. Such Myers-Rain is badly needed. Toma-
be cultivated do not Deafness Can't be Cured
rock phosphate, this trouble would be crops be as can much and the appearto toes, beans, and, in fact, all garden truckare
suffering so opinionis
materially overcome, while the availa- expressed that the dry weather will be suffering for rain. by local applications, as they cannot

bility of the rock phosphate might be of great benefit to corn and tobacco, Nora-Oats, corn, sugar cane, Irish reach the diseased portion of {he ear.
increased. provided it be not too long protracted, potatoes and all vegetables that are up
are growing well. There is only one way to cure
as it has given farmers an opportunity to
ammonia is found in
;, Sulphate nature thoroughly till the soil and put it in good Ocala-Rain is badly needed. ness, and that is by constitutional

in some volcanic districtsbutits condition to receive the rains which all Orlando-Only .02 of an inch of rain remedies. Deafness is caused by an

principal source is that of the gas correspondents agree are greatly needed. this month and that fell on the 8th. inflamed condition of the mucous lin-
works, where it is manufactured as a TEMPERATUJIE. Crops of all kinds suffering for moisture -
by-product by heating the ammoniacalgas The deficiency in temperature for the especially the vegetables. Growers ing of the Eustachian Tube. When

liquor with lime and leading the week has been about equal to the excess prepared for irrigation are considered this tube gets inflamed you have a
especially fortunate. The dry windha.e rumbling sound or imperfect hearing,
last week thus making the
ammonia through dilute sulphuric average
gas much dew which
prevented usu- it is closed Deafnessis
and when
thermal conditions for the two weeks entirely
acid. It is one of the least soluble at this of the -
ally, year compensates
about normal for the period. The deficiency the result, and unless the inflammation -
for the absence of rain.
of the salts of ammonia, and is partially
in the north-eastern
was greatest be taken out and this tube restored -
less soluble in warm than in cold portion of the State where the daily Oxford-The conditions of last weekare can
water. It is largely used in chemical average was a little over six degrees.In only intensified on account of contin- to its normal condition, hear-
fertilizers and is probably the best the extreme western portion, the ued drouth and high \vinds. The dews, ing will be destroyed forever; nine
too, }have been very light. The peach, of caused catarrh
deficiency averaged about live degrees cases out ten are by ,
form in which nitrogen should
appearin daily during the week. In the middle plum and pear trees- have dropped most which is nothing but an inflamed con-
a complete fertilizer, as its comparative : and southern portions, the deficiencywas of their fruit.PensacolaNo. dition of the mucous sutfaces.
insolubility will make its effects probably less. rain, except mere .
We will O.ie
when and less sprinkles, and the ground is getting give
more gradual applied, Light frosts are reported to have occurred -
quite dry where not properly stirred any cave of Deafness (caused by
liable to be split up by the presenceof in northern and middle northern
Florida two dates the after the last rains. Strawberries yield Catarrh) that we cannot cure by tak-
agencies such free on or more during
disturbing as
few berries, but with good rains Send for
very Hall's Catarrh Cure.
week but little or no damage resulted.A ing
alkali before use. And here I wishto .
will do well in May.StarkeOwing
considerable deposit of hoar frost was circulars, free.F. .
make a digression. It will be ob.served noticed in low places in and in the to dry windy weather CHENEY & CO Toledo O.
J. ,
that I have picked out the vicinity of Jacksonville this (Saturday) crops are growing very slowly. Vegetables -
least soluble compounds as the most morning. are drying up for want of rain. c Sold by Druggists, 7Sc.ioboo .
Strawberries are beginning to come in,as
'desirable in use. This is because it is SUNSHINE.
they have formed since the last frost. eQ) .
found in 'practIce, that generally The sunshine was about the averagefor St. Peter.sburg-Rain is badly neededby
I, speaking;; fertilizers which act slowly the season, possibly slightly above both fruit and vegetables.
j II give the best results. That a constant over the greater part of the State. Tampa-The need of rain is apparentto TIES Tinv PiIIsfJo
WIND. the most casual observer; and the
steady diet is better than a feast fol
the bowelssbouldboavoldedlt'U'cakensth
lifeless of vegetation, where To euro constipation purlins
winds appearance
lowed famine. Fresh to high prevailed during lr
by a ;
most of the week and were very injurious not artificially irrigated, evidences how Gpowerofmotlon.) A gentle ar..erlent.
I There are of course exceptions to to crops and vegetation in general. hard the drouth is felt. Tiny
this rule, but I hive had in mind Tarpon Springs-Rain is much needed. Liver Pills are prepared with special ***
REMARKS IJY COKHKSPONDENTS.: Titusville 'is suffering views to the permanent cure of \0
fertilizers for
principally orange Amelia-Everything is suffering for greatly for rain. Vegetables are wither- COSTIVENESS and HEADACHE.
In the of the salts of ammonia I $ mild and remain in the ays-09
case rain. High westerly winds prevail and : ing. Oranges: and lemons are being affected **tern They until aro they act on the liver caoso
it is especially necessary that action do considerable damage to vegetation. I by the drouth.Correspondents ... a natural flow of bile and their tonic
should be gradual, as it is manifest Bushnell-Cucumbers and squashes : are requested to mail Q properties impart power to the bowels -|gf

.. that the soil will be less apt to lose it wilt in the middle of the daHi h I I their reports so as to reach this office on .tions.to removo Good appetite unhealthy and accumula-digestion

under such conditions. It is well to westerly winds have made the droughtworse. Friday evening. B result from the use of these lIttlo pills..
E. R. DEMAIN, Price,25c. OrSce 39 Park FJace,..Y.
remember that the salts of ammonia Eustis-Kain is very much needed.by I Director Weather Service. I GGOG Qee
before. they are fit for. plant food must both trees and vegetation. Jacksonville, Fla., April 16, 18)2.

, .. ,.. --










Agriculture is the Basis .
of Wealth. No. 16.

Farming Corporations.This The People's Party-I. for self-protection; imported,pauperizedlabor people, and by this money power the

is the title of a book of 255 [A paper read by request at the Melrose.Literary keeps down their wages. A hire- lew are constantly enriching themselvesat
aim Debating ling standing unrecognized by our
Socitty ] army
piges, written and published by Wilbur laws, is established to shoot them down, the expense of the producers and
Aldrich, New York, a writer who In considering the subject of the and they are rapidly degenerating to i laborers. .

claims in his dedication to belong to People's Party the first question which European conditions. The fruits of the I The hold which the present finan-

the fanning class, a class now "suffer presents itself is, who are "the toil of millions are boldly stolen to build cial system gives to a small section of

ing an inglorious decline." We quotea people It is very evident, how the up collossal fortunes, unprecedented in the people over the fruits of all indus
history the world, whila their
lew sentences from the opening ever, that the term, the: people, possessors despise the republic and en- tries was first pointed out by the old

chapter: has a different meaning according as danger liberty. From the same prolific party of the Greenbackers.

"Considering the success of I different people look at it. In one womb of governmental injustice we But although the Farmers' Alliance

the farmers as poor makers and I sense, the people," means the breed the two great classespaupersand is thus far indebted to the Greenbackers
money millionaires. The national
financiers, it is a wonder that they whole population of a country, create money is appropriated to enrich powerto no organization, previous to the

have not been advised to organize including men, women and chil- bondholders; silver, whicn has been accepted Farmers' Alliance, has gathered to-

themselves into corporations. In trade dren. In another sense it means as coin since the dawn of history, gether, in one solid confederation, all
only I the adult population of men and has been demonetized to add to the purchasing the different mechanics'
and industry the modern practice for producers',
Then in the masculine power of gold, by decreasing
again, I and laborers' unions
want of financial improvement is to mind it the status of all forms of property, aa. all agreeing
join forces in great corporations, prac means only the male voting well as. human labor; and the supply of upon one platform of demands and
tice great economies and obtain great population. In reference to thePeople's currency is purposely abridged to fatten one plan of action.

opportunities for development. Party the term, "the people," usurers, bankrupt enterprise and enslave But there is this one great difference
must be taken even in a still more restricted industry. A vast conspiracy against between the trades unions and theFarmers'
"Considering the hard and laborious mankind has been organized on two
life of the farmer, it is to be wondered sense.According continents and is taking possession of Alliance, that, whereas the .
at that they have not thought of to the stereotyped American the world. If not met and overthrownat methods of the trades unions could
motto the Americans are sup- once it forebodes terrible social convulsions never command the approval of the
their into
organizing occupation a
the destruction of civilizationor
posed to have a government "of the general public, even when their com-
ness or industry, and thereby make the establishment of an absolute des-
their toil easier by division of labor. people,"by the people and for the potism. In this crisis of human affairs plaints were allowed to be well

Almost every other occupation has people. the intelligent working people and pro- founded, the methods of the Alliance,

become a business enterprise or manu Those who have organized them- ducers of the United States have come on the contrary, which are only education
selves under the name of the People's together in the name of peace, order and in the free use of the voting
facturing industry.
society, to defend liberty, prosperity and
Party declare that the present American justice. power, cannot meet with the disapproval
The author then proceeds to elaborate -
government is no longer a govern of the citizens of a free republic -
a suppositious corporation includ-- Now there is
ment of and by and for the people, nothing new in these even if, at the present time, their
ing the farmers and all the other accusations it is
the first time
; by
complaints do the
but that it is the government of a not seem to publicso
laborers of a certain district wil -inconvenient small minority of the people-a any means, that "the people" have well founded. E. M. KING.
distance of the corporationstore gov made them; but it is the first time that Banana, Putnam County.
ernment of the rich the
people by
in the village. Every man is to different bodies of
and la- We
r'ch; people and for the rich people. producers give space to this article becausewe
live on his farm and it, as at bjrers have met and
crop "The People" of the People's Party together organized believe in hearing all sides. It is
present, with some modifications of for the of
is one set of people in an attitude ol express purpose puttingan hardly necessary to remark that our
crops and methods perhaps, at the antagonism against another set of the end to the condition of things contributors alone are responsible for
suggestion of the corporation mana- complained! of. their views.-ED.
The members of the
ger or superintendent; he is to have call themselves "the Nearly every trade has had its sep ,

all his stock and garden stuff, just as virtue of their the people"real by. arate union, and each has tried separ-- An Allianceman's Ideas on Na-
before, if he wishes; but the associa producers ately to battle against what it consid tional Banks.
of the nation's wealth while
tion is to guarantee: him wages for his the other is of ered to be its special wrongs, while Editor Alliance Department:
moiety composed only
labor and also a share of the the methods
those who live and speculate in employed by each and The national banking system was
if any, arising from the sale of his the real wealth upon which "the people"have all of these mechanics and laborers'unions organized for the avowed purpose of

products by the corporation store and has been the dangerous and furnishing the country with a flexible
produced. It is in this sense
the saving on store prices through the futile one of strikes. These strikes currency that could be increased or
therefore that I shall the
use term
reduction in prices of goods which he "the people." were dangerous because any or all decreased as the demand increased.or

has to purchase. peaceable and unoffending citizens decreased. The question is, are the
Some of the advantages contem By the People's Party then is meant be banks
might recklessly injured by them, acting in good faith on their
plated are, that the farmers, while the party of the wealth producers of and futile because though the masters part? It is an undisputed fact that

using mainly their own judgment, as the country. might have suffered somewhat in with an increase of population and

at present, in the selection and grow What the accusation of the People's purse: the workmen suffered not onlyin the products of labor, so must the

ing of their crops, would have the Party against the existing government. purse but in their own bodies and medium of exchange expand. In the
benefit of a in of America is and what has been I in the oftheir wives
strong corporation misery helpless past decade the wealth of this country
marketing their products; and would brought abcut by that government, I and children. has increased about 50 per cent. It

be able to make many improvementson cony from whafthe; People's Party call With the organization of the Farm- is reasonable to suppose that all busi-

their farms and get the use o\\ the ''Second Declaration of American ers' Alliance, the means taken and to ness has increased in proportion to the

costly machinery, by combined pur Independence," in the preamble be taken for putting an end to the wealth.

chase, which they cannot when working : adopted at the Confederation of Industrial condition of things complained of is The National banks being our only

each for himself. Organizations held in Febru- entirely changed. There are no strikesto medium for the needed increase of
The scheme is as beautiful ary last at St. Louis: be made talked about
as a or or even currency, let us examine and see
dream and the book is as interestingas We meet in the midst! of a nation thought about. whether; they are increasing the National -

Sir Thomas Moore's "Utopia;" but brought material to the ruin.verge of Corruption moral, politicaland dominate The leaders of the Farmers' Alliance bank notes to meet the demandsof

we do not believe there is a single the ballot box the legislatures the like skillful physicians, have the increased business. By refer-

farming community on earth where Congress,touches even the ermine of the sought for the root of the disease, ence to the report of the Comptrollerof

this scheme could be success'ully bench. The people are demoralized. instead of combatting the symptoms the Currency for 1890, page 125, I
carried out. Farmers are too independent Many of the States have been compelledto only. And they have foundit find that in 1882 the National bank
and self willed and in isolate the voters at the poling placesin in the nefarious financial
every order to prevent universal intimidation chiefly sys notes outstanding were$360,982,7T3,
community there are too selfish tem ol the in combinationwith this the
many or bribery. The newspapers are country, being largest amount outstanding -
and grasping men who would contrive subsidize d or muzzled, public opinion the financial systems of other since the system went into

to become superintendents and mana silenced business prostrated, our homes countries; a system which, by placingthe operation. By reference to page 42

gers in the corporations and turn the covered with mortgages, labor impoverished money power in the hands of the of the same report you will see
i and the land the
concentrating in
profits into their individual :..pockets.I hands of capitalists. The urban work- few, enables the small minority of the t[ that their circulation has been de-

._ED. .1 men are denied the right of organization people to command the labor of the creased to $124,758,738 on October

;!,; .


-j > -- s

., '






31 1890. Here is a contraction in Washington at the time there were fHHNHHH>N RICH FLORIDA LANDS

eight years of $286,036,973. It is but three banks in the country.I p -qIlTU- A GUINEA A 808."

not claimed that there was any excess could cite any amount of authority : ECHAtLL' ?- "

? of money in 1882, and I could fill in the same line, though it is needless. .

; column after column with authoritiesto Everybody but the gold bugs and PI

show that just as the circulating those that have not examined the I

medium decreased all property question for themselves in an unparti. PAINLESS.-E.t'.t'EOTUAL. I

shrinks in value. san spirit admits the need of an in. 'F" FOR ALL ?

c On page 6 of the same report the crease of the medium of exchange.The BIliOUS a t ERVDUS i?

Comptroller says that the circulation only question in the minds of the $ ]

, of notes by National banks is unprofitable. people by the 1St of November, 1892, $ DISORDERS ,

In the Toledo Blade, of Toledo, will be how to get rid of the bosses, E Such as Sick Headache, !

Ohio, of October 12, 1891, I see that though with God's help and inspiredwith s Weak Stomach <

National bank stock is quoted as true American patriotism, we ,
follows : will march to the polls shouting the Digestion, ;

PAR BID ASKED battle of freedom. i.Oonstipation *
Produce Exchange Bank......100 140 145 cry ,
People's Saving and Loan B'k.soo: 450 500 THOS. J. WILLIAMS.Polk !DIsordered! Liver etc.
I Broadway Bank...............too 175 185 Co. :
c Saving and Trust Co. Bank.... 90 145 150 .. ? Of all druggists. Price 25 cents a bos. : Farmers and Think.
Citizens' National Bank......500 1,000 1,000 New York: _:Depot. _165 Canal: l St._ 31 o Stop
National City Bank.. ... ...too 250 ... If it is the law and the stamp that
Bank of Currencv..10o 157 160 the coin its value then whatis WHY Spend the best years of your
Commercial Bank.'...... .....too 161 165 life cultivating the soils 01 the frozen
First National Bank..........100 141 143 the use of making dollars any larger
State National Bank .........loo 148 152 OF North and Nest raising crops on which
half dollars? Why be so particular -

I desire to call your attention to the that just so many grains: of metal THE S. B. HUBBARD COMPANY.We. the freight is often not realized, when
bu'land the
report of the President of the Merch shall be in a certain denomination of you can Irom undersigned,

ants' National Bank of Chicago for coin ? Why not select convenient .the underetgno'. acting under and by vlrtuft I rich and fertile as any known lands,
in the True Commonwealth of An Actor the J Legislature the State of Florida, and where you can raise a crop that the
as published of coin the
size cent
say entitled hAn Act to Provide for the Creation {If. or-
and Pre"crib' their General Powers and United States Government will pay a
of D. C. iwrat om to
piece and have all coins made that
Liabilities," approved August 8, IS/iS.( and the Acts
Circulating National Bank notes of i size, establishing the different values amendatory tneret-i. hereby associate ourselves t". BOUNTY ol $100 on each acre.

the bank, $450,000 ; deposits, $4,- by different stamps ?-St. Andrew's g posi-R and uuder n body the poll conditlojs Ic(and! hereluafierspecined, HOLD On, this isn't all. You can sell

161,000 ; net profits for the year, Messenger., that Is to say: ARTICLE I. the said crop right there in your home

$361,231. NAME A>D PLACE OF BUSINESS.SECTIV market for $250 per acre. You ask lor

When we consider that we had There is a pathetic suggestiveness 1. The name of the Company shall be The the "How" and "Whereiore.."
S. D. Hubt irl Company.
$52 per capita in 1865 and only 520 in this modest statement by President SF.c.shall't. rhn be principal iu tue city place of Jacksom.or business. r lorlda.the Company Quite right-facts and figures count best.

business failures, and in 1891 the circulation Baskin: I have recently returned ARTICLE II. / Plant the Lane with sugar Cane.

was variously estimated at from that portion of Florida whose TO OLD Farmers and caretul
$4.97 to $22.30 per capita and we had money crop has been cotton. Without SECTION 1. The general nature(>f the bu luet-s to betran..acte ers ol papers, the fact that there is non '. '
i b\ sold! Company shAll be to u-rry on a
12,394 business failures, an increaseof asking any questions it is very general haidwa e men'haudising, manufacturing established near Kissimmee, Fla., the\\
and for first plain that the head of each family that and industrial busln-
over 1890 the
; Fc.1. The Company shall hate, use and enjoy nil St. Cloud Sugar Refinery, is
f eight days of 1892 we had failures, farms, and others as well, could at any the right) .., PH'\elli and ,'rivil.ge.* g anted t .lora: OJ-
430 att..ns In th'Slat" > f Florida b\. the general liuorporatlon news.V'e are talking to all our
only 90 less than for the year 1865, day, if they had it, have expended a I lawn hereinbefore re ited ainl fur ilxht to be raised
cane can
cquire hoi I I. u-e and dleWne of suc real and i>er- rrt fJds. Sugar a:
is it not clear that the reason why it hundred dollars for actual comforts, 8'tU.-I property u* IU bu l.n-inor Us lateies may ro' cheaply: as corn, and Uncle Sam will

is "unprofitable" for National banksto and then their wants would not have quire. ARTICLE III. '
pay you a bounty o nco: (His fc found
issue is from the been over supplied.eczema .
circulating CAPITAL STOCK AND STOCKHOLDERS. on the inami.aaurrd Migar. The St.
fact that by contracting their circula- SECTION 1. The c'ipital Mock t'f the Company ball LKctoluC'o. Ha.
be One Hundred Thousand Doll IH. tivid tion they are enabled to make enor- ilious-md shares 0 t. llumlri d Di bier,.cite). the
pounds 01 to
I'E 2. T e..nUt"C..p.tal..loc.c. thai I bo subscribed averaged 4,500 : sugar
mous profits, as shown by the above SCROfULA and paid upon the or,anlzatio> of the Company.ARTICLK acre: fast ) ear, and .it will go 5,000

quotations ? IV. £s this year.:

It seems to me that Jefferson was COMJIEXCEMEXT AND TEHMIXATIOV. ?
METHUOb This isn't the only big
correct when he said I SECTIOX:' 1. I he corporate exigence of the Company
eminently .hIli conm+encr at ihe date ur tilt lilin/ of trig t"artieI. lie: however. The
change ol ,
with the of Stateand : your .
believe that establishments 8" (Incorporation retary
sincerely banking tetter boils, 1" the ulna of the C;'erk of the our, fur Duviil cultivation Oi' rice lands about Ki sim-
r are more dangerous than County>' .Ida,and terminate twenty jear* there
ulcers sores1rheumatism after. nice is to become an assured, profitable
; standing armies. Iam not among ARTICLE V.
act. There is 110 richer or better
those who fear the people ; they and and DIRECTORS AND OFFICERS.! truck and market-garden lands in the
the rich for SECTION: t. The bn ineR of the orup1nv..h'llt: be
not are our dependence
catarrh, cured conducted a Boar.1 of. Directors eoushulirg of five. world than the land on the rich overflow
continued freedom. Put down the members hh,1111.! elected t nell>ear at lie) rgutar -
annual meeting of the siovkh"iderR.p'o"IJed. or bottom lands about Kissim
banks and if this country could not be by takingAYES how' .er that the following i anted n.corporator,, ,
to-wit: :allluel B. llubbaru, Frank a. Ulay. JohnEmig mee. Write, lor confirmation, to Col.)
carried through the longest war without :: and S. llubbaul, Jr., IIhllll constitute th--
Board of D" ctul. until, the nut regular annual A. K. McClure, editor J'lnladdplna
ever knowing the want of a dollar, meeting or the ttockholdere.S .
who has personal knowledge.Then .
c.2. The offli-crb of the ompanyshallbeaPreVdent. JlmeSj
i without depending on the traitorous a Vice 1'terident a'i tea urer. a 'crt'la'y( and in lands for
such other officers as the Board of Direct- rs may d.tt'rrntue' .- orange groves, or
classes of her citizens, whhout bear pon; and all ouch officers shall bt- elected cultivated
already or bearing
SarsapariIRa I hy the Board of Director in accordance th the groves ,
ing hard on the resources of the people Bv Lawn, the said By-Laws tiu-repcrilx their dutle-. I can satisiy you that your best interestslie
or loading the public with indefinite p'ovided that the I resilient and Vic-P esMent and
Treasurer shall' be t-h".t..d from among the Director in seeing me before any one else.
burden of debt, I know nothingof i1po SEC.3. The office tof Vke-Pi et-Ident and lr-asur
m"y be nilfd by th" same person. HOMES.
my countrymen. Secretary Chase purifies; SEC.4. The Hoard of Dm-cto t shall make ucb BEAUTIFUL The healthFulness
rules nd B>.J a811" th-t may 'em advls bee to '
said, 1\1y\ agency in procuring the regulate the business of the Company, and shall and beauty of Kissimmeehave
vitalizes, invigorates, elect or appoint.a"the By-Laws JOllY prescribe, all been questioned. No
National bank never
act was the greatest necessary sub-omcers and agents.ARTICLE .

financial mistake of my life. It has and enrichesthe VI. diphtheria, no consumption, no pneumonia

built up a monopoly that affects every blood. LIMIT OF I DEBTED ESS. -in fact, read our medical

business in the country. It should be liability SECTION: :' 1.hlch The h ghest the Company amount of hall Indr at btednes soy time.,o* report. Beautiful cottages, villas or

4 repealed, but before this can be accomplished Has Cured Otherswill fiub1ei-t DollaJ'l.I Itself,shall not exceedstventj-nveThuusaud lots suitable for residences. Writefor

the people will be arrayed ARTICLE VIL terms and particulars.

on one side and the banks on "the cure OROA5IZATIOX OF THE COMPAXT. COME SOUTH, And get rntold
you. SECTION 1. As soon us practical after the execution!
other in a contest such as we have of these articles of Incorpo atlon,the Incorporators quantities of the grandest climate in
named herein or a majority of them hall meet 811
never seen in this country." a Board of Ulrtctors to complete the organization of the world free with each acre of ground

On the 23d day of December, 1793, STATE BANK OF FLORIDA elect'on the Company of officer by the adoption of ByLaws and the purchased. Come where you can till
the resolution \\ ItneM our hllnds acd seals affixed hereto this lit months in the
following passed the day of April.A. D. ISA the soil twelve year
United States Senate A11UF.r p. nUBBARD. write for full oarticulaKtaaltnmce
: "Any person FRANK S. (WAY, At least to me

holding any office or stock in any institution "XOT INCORPORATED. JOHN. !t. nunnARf"TXT0.A. .tR. W:11. f',1 NON.

in the nature of a bank for I'ta
Hatch Chickens by Steam? Agent forthelamNof the J>T'h.u. t hili J"Sihl'| I,
issuing or distributing bills or notes forth? A*" payable to bearer or order cannot bea JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA. IMPROVED EXCELSIOR INCUBATORftwnI of KI."lru"I'e loRtit. "'. '
: do It.Tboosands cacoessfnl ogee Phosphate. sugar cane, lice, trucking'-
member of the Congress while he SI'I....PerfctaeedReya1ati.2. ,, :--
.-pnced fint-cUm Hatcher mida. fruit, grazing, timber general farming
holds such office or stock." This to bAtch a larger percenU i and home lands. Send for map showing..
} ten cost than any other.I 1 -
resolution was signed by President Capital $30,000.00 1 tcad6aforIUai.Jata 'ctttis.st.uiq.taqLil. t lands. :



I .



Definite exchange offers inserted free. State l I
We have some of the finest Frost Proof lake
what have and what want. ,
you you FriR ERtfR r ARMRS A IIIAF (;{
J SUrr./.1.NN.Ntra front properties in the whole State.
Open to subscribers only. 1"1 CDIUOLlOAttD.IMARYoUUCHAS. \ Phosphate lands, garden and truck lands, nur-
sery stock and general supplies for the plantationor
To EXCHANGE-Fine bearing Orange Grove, grove. Can locate a few choice homesteads.
on the eastern side of St. Johns River, to ex- WHITNER'SGARDENING W. DACOSTA, Publisher.
change for a stock of general merchandise. For ,
full particulars call on or address J. W. D., i-7-tf Auburmlale, 'Ia.

Verona, Fla., Box 75."GENTAWoRD". Terms of Subscription:

COLUMN.To IN FLORIDA For one year..eo eo ....... ... ...eo ..eo $2 00 tssKSiftS- *!i w c X n.
Insure insertion in this column, advertisements For six months ....... ......... ....._..100 c/iHssaa si mg c.:
must be accompanied by the money. :D
Advertisements must not exceed fifty words. Subscriptions: in all cases cash in ad- oOCD ..
,) Postage Stamps received in payment. FREE TO ALL. :D
Count every word,including name and address vance. lit

WANTED-Trio full-blood Guinea pigs(hogs).
Kate of Advertising on application.
., Fla. 4-7 at n
FLORIDA DEEDS-Approved forms of war- REMITTANCE should be made by Check, i7 f'YP
mortgage and quit-claim deeds,

printed on old Berkshire paper, sent post-paid at Postal Note, Money Order, or Registered: Let- j zo ......
following prices : Single copy, 5 cents; dozen
copies, assorted,50 cents; one quire, assorted, 75 Until April 1st, 1892, I will mall to ter, to order of a
cents. GEO. W. HASTINGS, Interlachen, Fla.
Tilghman's Condition Powder all subscribers remitting $2.00 for FLORIDA D1HPATCH; AND FARMER o.x=ITt w '% 4 c lit

are guaranteed to cure Salt-sick cattle, and pre- AND FRUIT GROWiCK!: ,
vent cholera in chickens. Best medicine for all I renewal or new subscription,a copy
stock. For tale all over Florida Sample pack-I Jacksonville. Fla. toy C v cJC:
age by mail for 35 cts. W. G. TILCHMAN, 1'alai- of "Whltner's Gardening In Flor- c 4
ka. Fla. 4.14-totWALT /II'JI
---- ---- -
PAPER-Cheaper than any house in ida. .
state. Sam pies prices and instructions :' [! t.F.II; :Ought 45n'r
free,by mail. T. F. ROBINSON, 15 W. Bay street, To all who remit $5.00 I will send A l'UI i)iauo fur
Jacksonville, Fla. 3.246mFLORIDA'S

advantages for small investments, this paper and the "World's Colum- HIS ECHO

Estate Journal," Arcadia, Fla. __ -- -- paid only
$1.00 per year: sample, with state map, 10 cents. bian Exposition Illustrated," for I.I
3-24-12m J; $375.

FOR SAIE-Whipporwill pees, per bushel, f.o. one year, the subscription price of -_- IM'11-M''.,-R.-_--' i For the very.Bnine
., $2.00; Conch peas (limited quantity), per l'lalo.I"
pound, post! paid, 2oc; Chufa seed, per pound, which Is $4.00 per annum. "_ l.eltbPrrno..M..orth a nickel over$300.
post paid, 350; per peck, f. o. b., $I.SQ; pearl r/ :
millet, per pound, post paid, 350; four pounds, .. C. W. DACOSTA / !0 qllil j! insure Yourself 9 w
$1.25; ten pounds, f. o. b., $2.00. Send cash with against paying trt'orbitant -.
order. EXCELSIOR SEED FARM, Keuka, Fla. ... r>nrf*by buying
2-4-tf direct f.omLUDDEN E Clark's CutaAvnyIIAIIKOWS

& BATES Savanna! Ga.
PER AND GARBER'S HYBRID PEAR The World's Fair. 3 Who have but One Trirr and that the 1mr##know". .AXI CULTIVATORS.I .
TREES WRITE TO B. W. PARTRIDGE. MON- 3..You ru"t pap them more than Instruments
TICELLO, FLA. It-26-tf to aro actually worth. They are not built that way. keep in stock seven styles, cutting in width
We have received the last issue of j Writo for .Latest PCrI'L: OFFII: from two ((2)) to six ((6)) feet, at prices from Jto.oo

SALE-One second hand Washington _.k to)-3i.oo. bend fur catalogue.:
FOR ='
Press for sale cheap at this office the "World's Columbian Exposition: E. S. IIUBBARD, Gen. State Agent.
Write for rarticular Federal Point. Fla.

Illustrated, the only authentic organ .

Notice to Shippers and Others Interested.On Did ever receive a (letter You can
of the Great Fair. The object of this receive our Roses the same way-by mall,
March the ist ult. I disposed i of my interestin "
postpaid. The Californian or the Pennsylvanian -
thediiCAGo SOUTHERN FRUIT & VEGETABLE publication is to give a complete authentic can alike enjoy the advantage of 11;"E have the most practical and powerful GrubV .
DESPATCH LINE, and am no longer connected dealing direct at the Hose headquarters of ( Y 1.Ling Machine on earth. Simple iii construe-
with corporation as an official or stock holder. historical record of the Columbian the world. Success Is universal with ourTHEIR linn and operation. Will pull a Io-inch tree of .
hump with one horse in 2 to 4 minutes' time.
Exposition. It contains > Will do the work of 10 mcn. With proper care it
Chicago, 111. 32 pagesof
4-4-3t &NP
Rnsrs will last a life tune. We have a safety lock, a
-------- '
official proceedings, and will give P ROOTS: take-up on the !>spool Jhat saves wearing the rope
out in a short time-one of the principal objec-
We desire the acquaintance of every tions to all other machines of this cla s. We
PRINTING OFFICE photographic illustrations printed on Enameled flower lover In America and offer our Rose guarantee satisfaction to our patrons. Price of
Guide and Catalogue, free by way of In machine complete F. O. B. cars Sigourney, Iowa,
paper, of all the Exhibits, Build troduction. It mirrors our Immense stock, 175 and $85. Agents wanted. Territory for sale.
and gives a quarter of a century's special Write for catalogue.
ings and attractions of the Great Fair. flower experience for the asking only.
Other flowers nl*o. No fancy prices. IOWA GRUBBER CO.,
kTheGuW*without price. Fendyouraddress/
As a work of Art, containing the most THE DINGEE &, CONARD CO.< .
.7? !7t i .
\\Rose Grcnv SffdsmenMlS1 GROVE.Pfl.< .
O -- -
-- -
SALE. interesting information, it is invaluableto

------ -- -----.
all who wish to keep up with the You Raise Fruitor
SEND US 10 ('J XTS, to pay

I times and learn of the great International ONE of e five and lady the friends names that and you addresses only keep Trees ?

think would like sample copies of

Enterprise.It The household Pilot," and we .. ." .' ,.
will mail it to you one year FREE; "'r '"
be semi of cost. A large 8 column, '1" "'I.:
I have had placed in my hands will published monthly Illustrated Household page and 40 Farm .

and offer for sale in the fall YEAR Journal one thebest in existenceNow
a early making eighteen I in its 13th )ear. Devoted to .
hortand interesting Stories, Y r r.c
copies for present year. Price, $.}. Work Fashions, Horticultural. Agru
cultural and everything interest to
postpaid; 25 cents a copy. Subscrip- he whole family. Large CASH
Complete Printing Office, PRIZES civcn away. Address.
FREE!r Pilot Publishing Co.,
tions taken at this office, where the I
New Haven, Ct. =s-

.. paper can be seen, or send 25 cents This Tree WAS Sprayed. This Tree WM SOT Sprayed.

ON EASY TERMS. for sample copy to There's a difference-in satisfaction,and in cash.

A SCHOOLFiUin The "let alone" theory is played out. Insect

J. B. CAMPBELL, enemies are so numerous that the Fruit Grower j

CYLINDER TRESS, TWO Jon PRESSES (large or small), must fight or fail. The Spray
Editor and Publisher, young men for the active duties cf life
AND FULL OUTLAY OF TYPE. chartered by the legislature of Virginia, and Pump is his weapon. It will yet be as common'

218 La Salle Street, Chicago, Ills. endorsed by the Chamber of Commerce Council as the plow. When spraying gets to be business,
and prominent citizens of the city where located.
address then the best pump for the business is desirable.
For catalogue: circulars and testimonials,
J. G."DUNS IORU. President Staunton Va. That inquiry brings one to Goulds Double

"The World's Columbian Expositionillustrated" --- ------- -- Acting Spray Pumps. They excel all othersin

effectiveness of work. Made in every requisite -
I form, to save bushes, vines, or plants; in
Further information
on application to FARMER AND FRUIT.GROWER for one or would exchange for bearing grove and pay yard, field, or garden. Gtt a circular and full
cash difference of rich Pine Ham-
Forty acres
mock land. Thirty acres cleared, together with information on this timely subject, from
mailed address for
year, to any $5. plank causeway ft mile !Ion!.>, with dock and THE GOULDS MFG. CO.
ferry I mile from Grahamville, on Ocklawaha ,
Chas. W. DaCosta C. W. DACOSTA, River;4 miles from Silver Springs. AddressA.
.J Mfrs.\ of Pumps & Hydraulic Machinery,


JACKSONVILLE FLA. AND FRUIT-GROWKP Redding.. Conn. Warerooms, 16 Murray Street, N. Y.31a .






Organs, I
$35..Always ready for QUICK SHIPMENTS of Finest
KEY WEST SYSTEMAND On trial in i Pianos and Organs Direct to Your Homes.
yonrboma ;i -
'I before I From REV.JAS. M. POTTS D. D.,editor of Michigan -
p. ng for Christian Advocate,Detroit.Mich.: "To say that
Addi. we are delighted with the Piano does not express
I the fact. We are jubilant. If all your instrumentsThe
EAST COAST LINES, T.Swojrer & Son Pianos & Organ are as fine in appearance and as pleasing in tone as
BEAVER FALLS PA this one, your patrons will rise by the hundred."

Extending Southeast, South and South From PROF. E. H. PECK, Valhermoso Springs, Ala.: "We could not be pleased better with
the casing or tone; quick in response and melodious. In short we are highly pleased with the organ."
from Jacksonville one
west cover over From B. D. GRIGGS, Adairsville Ga.: "I am well pleased with the organ in every respect. It is
thousand miles of tropical country, and all you claim: it to be."
From Y. M. C. A., per J. G. COOLEY, Hillsboro, N. C.: "The organ gives entire: satisfaction.
reach all prominent wintet and summer Every one who has seen it is very much pleased with the instrument and the price on the same."
of Florida From BEN. F. STEELE, Prescott Ark.: "My family is well pleased in every: respect with the
pleasure resorts : organ. How you sell them so cheap is a wonder."

The East Coast
The Great Lake Region YI -THE-

Vert. Luie.zmprore.. t..rulewt. tar Yrrtt'vi..,.. d
The Phosphate Fields mptre Pnn>p* ttr tbr u.utd auto.nancally a.d t will +pray 1OO Tr-<-. Per Hour. Florida Central & peninsular
tt'e make the Little Gent ant Garfield Knapurk Sprayers and the Vermor l hue
.pny nnizle,most economical ipray nozilc in the world. Also Horse Power Sprayer at low price.
The Pineapple Fields We sell Sal hate of Copper Paris Green and Lnndon Purple at holeaale price*. Catalorue tree.trritt i RAILROAD I CO.
adds, /, county.FIELDFORCII'UMI'CO.I28nrlrtolAve.LOCKPOICTN.'.
r ._ ...
------ -- -- --- --- --
---- The Trunk IdlB
The Orange GrovesAND Florida )


The Fruit and Vegetable SHORT LINETO TAMPA


w Sections. la addition 'to Its long-established conneo-
tions with the North by

DEALERS IX- River Junction, Live Oak Callahan,Jacksonville -
and Fernandina,

THREE THROUGH TRAINS Coal Hay Grain Wines/ Liquors Cigars Tobacco Etc. Has this season re-opened
VIA.Tk flje fHomasville and Monticello {Route.{
In connection with the S., F. A W. R. R.;the
Alabama lhlland and the L.& N.and thu lines
Tropical Trnflk Line. PIIICK LIST OF WHISKEY.Parker leading from Chicago, St. Louis Kausas City
and the North and West.

...... ............................,SI 7:: J. Martin Kye..........................S3 00 Cars from Cincinnati to
These lines equipped with the late I Orange Valley.......................... 2 00 I Virginia Glade* .............. ......... 4 OO Through
i are Sl'rlnJ.alley...... ..................... 2 5O Old Bourbon ............ ............... 5 00 II Jacksonville and Tampa.I .
improved modern appliances for tilt :North Carolina Corn.......... ......... 2 3O I Kentucky SourMarsli .... ............ .*> OO I Schedule, Pullman Sleepers ttll Modern -
Clifton Club ............ ........... .... Old Baker! << .5 OO Railway Improvements.
safety and comfort of passengers.Our Montrose Velvet............ .. .SO 00 I

patrons call them the Jugs Extra : One gallon, 25C.; two gallon,500.; thice gallon, 750. Remit by post office money : The Florida EentraliPeninsiIlarR.R.la .
order,check or registered letter. We cannot ship C.u. D. to dry fwns.!
A complete price list of Groceries, and Wine List, sent free on applicttion.: the greatest artery of travel through the
FINEST IN FLORIDA. finest parts of Florida traversing twentylourcounties
JOHN CLARK SON & CO. GadsdenJefferson Duval Alaclnirt,
Lake Leon Suwannee. Nassau Levy,Orange,

Leave Jacksonville via J. HillslMjmugh, Wakulla. .. Clay
Trains Madison
Marion Polk, Manatee Baker Bradford
1 T.&LW.: 2lf 2f vSurater Hurnandoand DeSoto-in their
richest portion. It runs through the Middle
8:30: a.m. daily, except Sunday; : Florida! Region of Hill Country where are
Sunday the flue oldF'nrn.ing
daily; 4:20: tun. daily, except
Lands and the Yew" Tobacco
8:00 p.m. daily, except Sunday. Farms
Arrive 7:30 a.m., 8:00 a.m., 12:55 p.m., ( (reached by no other line), some of them oondiiL'Tpd -
fLOFtIDfr @r/J@) a on a large scale. Here are (Quincy
7:40 p.m.Trains Tallahassee (tho capital), Montlcello. Madison
and other towns from whose comfortable
Leave Jacksonville via East @rflIMITED. : ample dwellings reposing In a fertile country
I is coming a renewed energy to employ
Coast Lines: I the resources lavished about them. StretchIng -
Vestibuled from end to end. Solid train carrying Pullman's Finest Buffet Drawing down through
8:25 a.m. daily, 1:00 run. daily, except
Room Sleeping Cars from ST. AUGUSTINE to CINCINNATI without change. Li hed with gas. The Peach Country

Sunday; 4:05: p.m. daily. Day Coaches have conveniences of toilet,smoking apartrnert, etc., and are attended by an experienced of Baker, Bradford Alachua and Levy counties -

Arrive 9:30 am., 12:25 p.m., 6:40 p.m. porter. No extra charge. Leaves St. Augustine Dally, 11:0: A. M.; Jacksonville 1:13: P. M.: Calla- through the prosperous

ban,2:83; P. M.; Way cross, 4-33 P. }!.; Jesup 0-10: P. M. Arrives Macon.11:32 P. M.;Atlanta,2:40: A.M.I Strawberry Farm
INDIAN RIVER STEAMERS LEAVE of Lawtey Starke and Waldo, perhaps superior -
Chattanooga, 8:00: A. M.;Cincinnati,.:20 P. M, and Chicago, '7CO: A. M. In profit to the orange grove-It got
TITUSVILLE through the heart of the state penetrating
For Melbourne daily, except.Sunday' ..fffg QfffO SPESIAL.f i iPttllman !;SijlID' TRALl I some 70,000 of the Full-bearing finest groves,one Orange having.Trrrs,

3:00: a.m., 3:45: pjn.; Rockledge, 1 9:00 a.m. CINCINNATI without chanffa.
and Mann Dnfiet Sleeping Car from JACKSONVILLC to passing for nearly a mile between them-
7:00 p.m. Arrive Melbourne, 1:00: p.m. Leaves Jacksonville;! Daily, 7S5 P.. M-jCallahan; S0:! P.M ; W ;"croh. If-UO:: P. M.: Jestip! 11:55: P M., making; Its way southward to the Gulf and to

12 midnight. Returning,leave Mellxni Arrives at Maccn, 6sl2: A. M.; Atlanta, R.25: _\. :M.; Chattanooga, 2:00: P. :\1. Leave Chattanooga, T:00 all the portions more tropical of the State portions It reaches of the points State.of In
1:20 a.m. Rockledge :
p.m., ; p.m P M, arrives Cincinnati. 7:20 A. M. and Chicago GCO::; P. :M. Scenic Interest.

8:00 a.m. Arrive Titusville 8:00 pm Through Sleeping Cars leave 1 Chattanooga for Washington Philadelphia And New York at S:,. A. M.I{ Wakulla Springs !In the West the Suwan-

12 noon. : Route. nee River as beautiful and romantic as it Is
Leave Rockledge for Jupiter daily, ex OS'ttl Scenic Shenandoah Valley famous Silver Springs. In the lake region
and the lakes themselves with their surroundings -
cept Sunday, 8:30: a.m., arrive Jupiter following Rates to all Eastern Points are as low bv these lines as bv any all rail routes. For birth reserv !I of rolling land Interspersed with
day 3:30 a.m. Returning i leav- lions. folders and all information apply to any Ticket Agent in Florida, ur to pleasant homes In green groves, sloping downto
the clear lake fronts. By means of this
Jupiter daily, except Sunday, 930 3:30 a.cu F. M. JOLLY, Dist. Pass. Agt, 82 W. Bay St., Astor Block, JACKSONVILLE, FLA. road you can most readily reach the
1 Arriva Rockledge following day, : a.m Hunting and Fishing Ground*.

B. \WRENN, C. N. KIGIIT I The settler will find on the line of this road
Steamer ST.AUGUSTINE" Leaves Gen'l Pass.! &Ticket Art, Asst Gen'l. Pass. Aet n greater opportunity for a varied selection
tl l ORMOND KNOXVILLE, TENN. ATLANTA, GA. of land than on any other road In the Stato-
from lightest soils to those underlaid with
!a 1:00: a.m. Tuesdays, Thursdays and Satin clay and marl and of richest hammwkwhether -
tlf mixed farming stock
: for regular
i days for Rockledge, and way landings I dairy farming peach or strawberry culture
f Returning, leaves Kockledge 8:00: a. u. orange groves and vegetable gardens.The .
Wednesdays and Fridays. tourist will be gratified with Its scenery.
:.. Mondays, 6 The health-seeker on Its ample route can find
Connections are made at Jupiter with TooIsAmong nome spot adapted to his wants. On the hard
;, New Planet clay roads of Middle Florida the horsemanwill
1 trains of J. & 1,.W. Railway for all point* ; ride with speed and satisfaction and the
t Florida Central and Peninsular is the
Lake Worth.
on Sportsman Route.

For schedules, maps, etc., call on heal' : other things TWO NEVI GARDEN DRILLS. One sows either NOTE.-Passengers from Northern connections
! the General IN DRILLS OR HILLS, the other in addition, SOWS FERTILIZERS EITHER having tickets over the Florida Central
agents, or address Passenger and Peninsular to points In South "lrjdaIU1.e
r tho privilege of being taken into Jacksonville -
t Agent. Great improvements too in "PLANET JR." COXErNED SEED DRILL AND over the Company line and alloweda
! W. L. CRA FORD. marked i stopover>> within the going limits of the
R. B. CABLE WHEEL HOE, in the DOUBLE AND SINGLE WHEEL HOES and ticket with return to their route for destination -
General Manarr Supt.East Coast Lines changes in HORSE HOES AND cui/riVATORsT free of extra charge Rend for map of

k J., T. & K. W. System.ACKKBI.V St. Augustine., F U. The fine NEW TOOLS offered in Ib9l are made still more attractive for 1893. Florida mailed.O.free.A. MAODONELL. G.P.AJacksonville.,

t O. D. SEND IMMEDIATELY FOR NEW CATALOGUE and full description of all the Fla

T,t General Passenger Agent. goods as now made. It is impossible to undertake any satisfactory description here. N.>8. PE NINGTO General .

J Jaokaonville Fla. S. L. ALLEN & CO., 1101 Market St., Philadelphia Pa D. 14.MMAXBLL. )1a.nApJAnn .


I- .- : .



: :' : Th e tell.e'Vie in..in..g: : COn:1..pa.n.: Greetin..g.

To the Oranye Growers and Market Gardeners of Florida: .t

We produce the Leading Phosphate of the world. It is the cheapest. It is the best. It is a quick, vigorous fertilizer. It increases the crops.


Analysis by eminent chemists! show that it contains over 50 per cent of bone phosphate of lime that is available at once in. soil water, the balance, 20 to 30 pe-

cent, Ixxwmer gradually available. Experts certify to its having: value as plant food green as it conies from the mine of over $.5 per ton as compared with com- .

mercial acidulated fertilizers, and no danger in its use. The analysis of our Soft Phosphate, as given by Serge Malyvan, of Ocala, is as follows:

Insoluble Silicate; and Sand.... ......18.6IPho I phoricAcki................. ........ I Oxide of Iron .. .................. .... .... I Magnesia and Soda ......... ..... .... 6.59
Caruonate Lime.... ....... ...:... ........ 4.56| Equivalent Bone Phosphate Lime: .... ....27.fJ31| Aluminum .................. ...... .741| Moisture!' ... ...... ......... .............. 6.ss

lIe says your Soft Phosphate, referring to the Belleview Soft Phosphate, will be soluble, by gradual steep, under influence of rain water, provided it is per-

fectly burnt and pulverized in Hue ]powder.

Serge Maly van says that after analyzing samples of Soft Phosphate from different mines throughout the State, that the only soluble Soft Phosphate is con-

tained in an area of about six miles at and around Belleview.The .

Belleview Soft Phosphate:; especially good for peach, pear and orange trees, grape vines and strawberries. and for cotton and corn it has no equal. ,}

The analysis of our Soft Phosphate shows that every element it contains is absolutely essential as plant food, and every intelligent man will see the importanceof

buying. plant food at so little cost per ton. .

More About Soft Phosphate. rowed this in. I did not measure the yield only gives them their dark green color? Certainly| cation have just commenced: to start up. Mr. Me
The following in regard to soft phosphate is in my cart as I gathered: it. I got as much: corn nothing the soil,as it is poor pine land. Neither'! Master ofthe firm of McMaster&: Miller of San
tnken from the Gainesville Sun: from the sixteen row that h.+d soft phosphate on is it good cultivation. Chemistry! teaches: that I j Mateo, visited my grove a few days since: and ex-
That soft phosphate i is rapidly gaining favor it as I did from the next thirty rows. '1 he corn range trees require potash phosphoric. acid and I pressed himself as being yery much: astonished
with the fruit and vegetable; growers there is 110 did not dry up any for want of rain, as the rest ,:fj lime ad the pine lands ofFlorida require humus. I at the growth of the; trees where he son phos
sort" of d.ubt. Those who have given it a test uu- the crop: did. I ant well J pleased and will use j I In muck: and phosphate we have all but the phate held been apphed. If you will remcmbel
sitatiiiRly speak of it in the moil!' complimentary this year 011 all my crops." I potash. This added gives us a perfect fertilizer, I the first shipment of Phosphate was made less
term- Mr. George Saxon, writing from and yet there are men who tell us that it will not than sixty days since, and until the last few days
-jilahasste! says: do. that the raw materials must be manipulatedby we have had very little rain.
The so t ph) phate referred to in the granul.tted Soft I-h08 I the chemist, and refined product fed to our I am fully convinced: that one ton of the Belle-
article containing the clement of ground bone Mr Sutton, one of our Alliance! : ex-editors, trees. What nonsense! I don't believe any such: view Soft Phosphate hasa greater value as a plant
and SO per cent phosphate; of lime (bone phosphate writes as follows: to the Florida Agriculturist: on a laws entered into the Divine plan of Nature."- food than a ton of any Fertilizer that has ever
)crude as it come-* fiom the mine. Tim matter of much: interest to our farmers: Phosphate Field. been brought into the State,and I would warmly
ott phosphate was put upjn cotton last year "Now Mr. Editor I am the same crank still Mr. mutton; has since: ordered thirty-five tons to recommend its use to the orange growers in the
alongside of c<*tun i erdus fertilizers and time reonly more 1'10' on the subject of muck, soft phosput on his groves adjolUlDgVelshton.. State. Yours truly
suit wa fully, or more than double in yield of phate and home-made fertilizer:*, and, like the D. GREENLEAF.
cotton over the cotton seed, while it gave lour fellow who killed the rattle snake. I have the -
times the yield over the same land without any I rattles show. My trees! are loo ing better according JACKSONVILLE, FLA., June 12, 13<)1.
fertilizer. Rev. T. W Moore of Leesbnrg looked to age than adjacent grove upon which C. B. SMITH. President Belleview Phosphate, CEDAR KEYS, FLA., Dec. sr. 1891.
at this crop while in ful fruitage and he said tint commer ial fertilizers have been ustd. Muck: Jacksonville: Florida: C. B. Smith, President Belleview Mining Company
at that time tht the cotton fertilized by this soft lime, soft phosphate, stable manure and potash DEAR SIR-Enclosed please find my order for I I :
phosphate had three time more fruit on it than will du me to ma e a grove with. and I don't two more cars of Soft Phosphate. I have used DEAR SIR-Yours of 17th received. It gives
that fertilized with c fon sred. Thinking this I thin i I will come in behind in the race: with the seventy-five tons of this Phosphate, and have j j me pleasure to state that I have used nothing but
estimate may have been a little high I put it as chemical fertilizer men either. noticed with much interest its effect: on my orange the Belleview Soft Phosphate on my grove the
ah' ,'e. but I am fre to admit that ue i i- a better "Any one having any doubts as to the solubility trees. The first car load I applied to something past year, pnd I have been more than satisfied
judge of such mat ers th III I am." of soft p"osphate would have these doubts removed over five hundred trees, and the results have been with the results. The trees are looking as well
J. T. :Smith; writing from Levy county say: "I by visiting small grove in Welshton simply man-clous. The adjoining five hundred as they have ever looked- ewen when I used expensive
put soft! phosphate on sixteen row of corn lastspring which: h..s had no other fertilizer in the past two! trees received no fertilizing, and the difference fertilizers. Many persons have heard of
in nbout a four acrr: field of corn: on about nn yearstlm.tu phosphate. It has not hid any cultivation : between the two fields is something wonderful. my experiment, and you phosphate has advanced
average quality l of the land. I b'oadcasttd the thisse son and jet it is holding its own On one side every tree has started with a vigorous : in their estimation. .
phosphate overtime land, after caking it up with well-worked and fertilized grove If not growth. The finest foliage that I have ever seen Very truly yours,
well, at, about two tons per acre. Thin I har soluble what makes these trees grow; what : in a grove. The trees which received no appli- REV. F. R. HOLM AN.

"We offer this Phosphate} at prices so low that it is in reach of every orange grower and gardener. Prices F. O. B. cars at Belleview, Florida :

Pots ton: lJrdXle, 111 :IBlAllC, m m m m S. >.OOtori
:J-e. : : Dried. Ixo. :13vtll S JjICJ.OO
her tOI'1.: ll..a..1'1't'> .rouiidLand Scia1 o :i, m m m $8.00

Put up in 200-pound sacks. Orders for less than one ton, 50 cents per ton extra. Terms, cash with order. Send orders, and apply for further particulars,

testimonials, freights etc., to

C. B. SMITH, President and General Manager, Jacksonville, Fla.

.- .. H .....


In compounding a solution a part was acc'dently' spilled on the hand OP
and on washing afterward It was discovered that the Lair was completely -
removed. We at once put this wonderful preparation. on the
market and so great has been the demand that we are now Introducingit FANCY POULTRY.
throughout the world under the came of Queen's Antl-llairinei .ri'
Lay the hair over and apply the mixture for a few minutes and the .
aiofr hair disappears as II by magic TtitLout the slightest pain injury 1\ben. all fowls sent
;y applied or ever afterward. It is unlike an otLer preparation everused HEREAFTER by express
"''r fora like purpose.! Thousands of LAn) ES uhobave been annoyed _._ will one-half former
at the
__. :,._.. .r.:..,_ .-:-::. with hair on their Fo'\ CJ:. >ECK and ARMS attest its merits. > 'fir J '"s,; go
rates-a great saving to custom
hair their neck my
(iINTLEMENwhodonotarprecialeabeard or on ,
lf ._
.' ;
'I : This is
.. en. by special arrangement -
.t" boon Anti-Iiairlnewhich does
:; "If: find a In Queen away
with Saving, by rendering its. future gnmjh an utter ImpossibilityPrice ,.. and it confined to
of Queen's Antl-TIalrfne II. per bottle, rent In safety mailing boxe!' r-ostare paid by os(securely ; _'/'! ,.,:; fowls from my yards.
sealed from observation! ). Send money stamps by letter with full address written plainly. Correspondence C We are the largest breeders off !
strictly confidential. This advertisement! I is! honest and straight forward in every word It J., ; /", thoroughbred poultry in Florida.
cont&ins.Ve invite yon to rtal with n+ and yon will find everything as r..pr.. ..ntf'd. Cut this out and .A Come and see our stock or send
stndto-day. Address QUEEN CHEMICAL CO., 174 Race Street, CINCINNATI, O. You can r for our illustrated!' catalogue and
register your letter at any Post Office> to insure its safe dellv ry. "'r will pay *SOO for any case price list of 14 rarities
of failure or slightest Injury to purchaser. Every bottle cuarantecd.T :
any ; -. s i"[:. Poultry supplies of all kind
D CO 111-To ladies who Introdae and Bell among their friend 25: Bottlea of Queen'i AnU-Hairlne, r ; Incubators and Brooders, Shell
EulPL we will present with SILK DRESS. 16 yards bet illc. Extra Larce Bottle and sample r /Iifi.' and Bone Mills Clover Cutlers
of Bilk-to,select. -from- sent with order. Good Salarr or Commission to Agents. i-:... Wire Netting,Desiccated Fish and
': z :;; Boiled Blood and Bone to make

A bright: ,energetic man or DEAFNESS ,- \ :. hens lay.
$ 5 0 0 0 woman wanted to take rives '>' '
sole agency for nn article (I' EGGS TO HATCH.
that is needed in every
home and imlisprnoa ITS CAUSES AND CURE, E. W. AMSDEN
lilo in every fifth.". 1
A ELLS AT IGIIT iu Scientifically treated by an aurlct of world- Y Ormond, Fla
town orcocntry. S7Udiup ( wide reputation. Deafness; eradicated and
)days and a 1I1f'lIdylncome entirely) cured, of fl'f'mo)toSJ years'tandng: ,
afterward. A "Bonanza"fortherightper aft.erII other treatments have failed. How i NURSERIES OF THE
W E E K on. (:god the difficulty III 1 reached and th** cause removed -
are scarce ,.fullv explain in circular, with affidavits
soon taken. I'rfteof ouee.
J. W. .JOSnS.lUanncer. Springfield, ObloSPRAY and test 1 lroon lals of cures from promi- Milwaukee-Florida i Orange Co.
nent people, mailed free
1t1' A. FONT IVR* 19 Est 14t.h "It V. Y Selected strains of Choicest Varieties of Citrus Fruit Trees a Specially

I Budding-Wood for sale at all times.
NOTICE OF INSOLVENCY. Oar stock IB large and complete. PROMPT ATTEATION 10 COltRn5 'ONDJ'NCE. For

Catalogue and Price-List, address,
\yiIEREAS, Chas. W. DaCosta administrator '
>"V ot the estate of Geo. C. Goodrich: deceased, E.T FAIJfK. J.: OVKBTOW PAIJCK.
THE DEMINCCO. late of the county aforesaid, having filed in the
office: of the County Judge of said county a writ. THE PAINE FERTILIZER COMPANY
SALEM OHIO. ten suggestion of the insolvency of said estate, ,
notice: is hereby given to all persons! having claims
of any nature whatever against said estate, to file
the same duly authenticated, in the office of Office ro West Bay Street, Warehouses and Wharves at the terminus of the F. C.& P. R. R.,
County Judge of said county on or before the 8th St. Johns! r..ver. East Jacksonville.
CO1llaltFs 'laL'COI..n.tt: f:: T crrtTrisr; : : : ;. day of April, A. D.. 1892. at which time there will

__ L.TS1.To. );.'.bl' be,a and pro the rata administrator payment to creditors discharged.entitled thereto Manufacturers of Commercial Fertilizers.
n.bc. rsp.ttka. ,
... Witness my name as County Judge of said Whu.esale dealers and of all kinds of Agricultural Chemicals.
: ee3ag.nusiae.',Sfl4Oft.b&ll1.T rpon.outru4'f.krara Importers
county, this iSth day September, A. D.. 18<)1.
IS ttariirr*. 1 Lea)l.raJ..*....la )Hatioen 1.1t.1.Bern Iwvs.tQ.d.lu" *JC.te.A44r W.B.OWEN, I I Bend us your name and we will mall you from: time to time much general Information
M WllUtUK 1L fclllTlI. FnLeilatin: :r. ioim County Judge. regarding successful orange and vegetable culture In Florida.S18 .



... -




------- -- -


The magnificent Steamships of this Line are ap-

pointed to sail as follows, calling at Charleston, S. C.,

both ways :


From New York. From Jacksonville, .
(Pier 29, E. R.) STEAMER 'lorhla.

Friday, Mar. 2sth, at 3 P. M......." SEMINOLE, ".......Sunday, Apr. 3rd. at 9:30: A. M
Monday, Mar. 28th, at 3 I'. M..... "IROQUOIS" .. ......Tuesday Apr. 5th. at 1I:30A. M
Wednesday,Mat 3oth at 3 P. M..YEMASSER." ......Thursday, Apr. 7th, at too P. M
Friday Apr. ist, at 3 P. M.;.... "ALGONQUIN." ......Sunday, Apr Loth, at 2:30: P. M
Monday, Apr. 4th, at 3 P. H...... "CHEROKEE." ......Tuesday, Apr. 12th, at ":30 A. H
Wednesday Apr. 6th, at 3 P. M..... SEMINOLE, ......Thursday Apr. 14th. at 5:30 A. Mt
t Friday Apr. 8th, at 3 P. Jo:....... II IROQUOIS.". ......Sunday. Apr. 17th, at 730= A. M
Monday, Apr. nth, at 3 P. M., ..... "VEMASSEF..". ......Tuesday. Apr. J9th. at 10:00 A. at
Wednesday, Apr. 13th, at 3 P. M... .. ALGONQUIN," ......Thursday Apr. 21St. at 11:30 A. H
Friday, Apr. 15th, at 3 P. H...... "CHEROKEE;' ....Sunday Apr. 24th. at 2:30 P. H
Monday &pr. i8th, at 3 P. M....... SEMINOLE," ......Tuesday, Apr. 26th, at 4:30A.MWednesaay
Apr. zoth, at 3 P. 10(........ "IROQUOIS;'. ......Thursday, Apr. 28th. at 5:30: A. M
T Friday, Apr. zxl, at 3 P. M...... "VJUIAS6EE,". .....Sunday. May Ist, at 8oo: A. M
Monday Apr. 25th, at 3 P. M...... "ALGONQUIN" ......Tuesday, May 3d. at JO:3O A. MWednesday
Apr. 27th, at 3 P. H...... .CIIRROKER" ......Thursda)., May 5th, at 12:00 N'N
Friday, Apr. 29th, at 3 P. K..SEl\IINOLE.". ...... steamer Join G. ChristopherIS



} For Sanford Enterprise and Intermediate Points on Thursdays, March 24, April 7 and April 21. Fridays, April 1, April 15, April 29.
T/il gteatnxhlp Jinn breti fnillt rgpeflally for carrying fruit and Yfffttablff, and IsperferilU
f St. Johns River. -,,ttintTt..i. 'bettcfen Jarktonrlllr and A'rtr York 1J hour

, Agent, Jacksonville. Agent, New York Gen'l. Man'r. JacksonvillePier
The Elegant Iron Side-Wheel Steamers 49, East Itiver. .

t _._
---- ---


"FRED'K DeBARY," 53 to 55 hours between Savannah, New York and Philadelphia, and

CAPT. T. W. LUND, JR., between Boston and Savannah, 65 to 70 hours.

Are appointed to tail front Jacksonville, daily, except Saturday at 3:30. p. m., and from Sanford
daily except Sunday, at 9 a. m.
Leave 3:30: p. M...... .... ............. ...Jacksonville............................Arrive 11:45 p. M
f. ". 8:00 r. M.... ............... ........Palatica................. ..............Leave 7:00: P. M PASStiSe R cktese S .
I 1.30A. M...... ................ .... ....Astor....... ............................ 2:00: p. M
., 245= A. M. .. .. .. .... ....... .... ....St. Francis............................... 1245: p. :M Between Jacksonville and New York: First-class $25.60 ; Intermediate, $19.00; Excursion, f 43.5
5:00: A. M...... ............. .... ....Beresford................................ 11=-45 A. If Steerage, $12.50.
." 6:00: A. M.... ...... ........... .....Blue Springs... ................. ..... .... lioo A. M
Arrive 8:004. M...... .... .... ......... .......Sanford... .... ........ ........ ...... II 9ooA.Jo{ Jacksonville and Boston : Cabin, $27.00; Intermediate, $ZI.oo;; Excursion, $47.30; Steerage fu.af
I 9:15: A. U..Enterprise.............................. 9:30: A. M The magnificent Steamships of this Company are appointed to sail as follows: .

General Passenger and Ticket Office, 88 West Bay St., Jacksonville. FROM SAVANNAH TO NEW YORK.

a F. :)t. IRONMONGER Jr., Florida Passenger Agent 88 West Bay St., Jacksonville, Fla. [Central or 90Meridian Time.]
\V. F. OGDEN FAY Traveling Passenger Agent, 5 Bowling Green New York.J. Cltyot4\uKuNta....:. Monday,.May ad, io.ooa.rn'
O. PEL.OT, T. and C. Agent foot Laura Street,Jacksonville, Fla. Tallalianeee. May 3d, xo.oop.m
A. G. WATSON, Freight Agent, foot Hogau Street Jacksonville, Fla. Kansas Friday, May 6th, 2.oop.tII
I JOHN L. HOWARD, Flonda Freight Agent foot Laura Street, Jacksonville Fla. Chattahnochee.Saturday,.May 7th, 3.oop.rr
J. A. LESLIE, Superintendent, foot Laura Street Jacksonville Fla. .! May 9th 2.00 p.m
' MARSIIALL II. CLYDE, Assistant Traffic Manager, 5 Bowling Green New York. City of Birmingham May loth, 4.JOp.1a
TIIEO. G. EGER, Traffic Manager, 5 Bowling green, New York. City of Augusta; ... ................................................Friday, May ijth, 6.00 a.m
I Tallahassee May I4th, 7.00 p.n
I WM. P. CLYDE cfo CO. Gen'l Kansas \ May i6th, 8.00 p.m
Agents, Chattahoochee................... Tuesday, May ijth. 9.00 p.ra
May act h, 12.00 m
12 South Wharves, Philadelphia. 5 Bowling Green, New York.QI1 Naroochee City of lllrmlnghatn.........................,. Saturday, May aist 1.30 p.ra
CltyorAulullta........... ...... ............ ......... .. .. ....Monday, May ajd?, 3.ooP.1II
Tallahassee ............. Wednesday, May 25th, 3.00a.m
1 RBY YOUR FRUIT TREES i VINES. Kansas . Friday, May 37th, 6.ooa.r
Chattahoorhee. May 37th 7.00 p.m
I h Wormy Fruit and Leaf Blight of Apple. : Nacoochee....................... .....Monday, May aoth 8.00 p.m
S PearsCherrieaE\OELSIORSprayi
Grape and Potato RotPlum Curculla FROM SAVANNAH TO BOSTON.
'ERFECT FRUIT ALWAYS SELLS AT GOOD PRICES. Catalot\ue\ 8U -- City or Macon May 5th, I.oop.m
ng all Injurious Insects to Fruits mailed free. Large stock of Fruit Trees, GateCltv. May 12th, 5.30 p.m
Vines and Berry Plants at Bottom Price Address WM. STAHL,Quincy, 111*. City of :Macon... Thursday, May 19th, 10.30 a.m
--- Gate. May rith 5.00 p.ra
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( Ship does NOT Carry Passengers.)

k WILLIAM A. BOURS & CO. ])e8Houl;.) May :ad, io.ooa.ra
Dessoug. May Lath, 5.3op.m
Dessoug. Saturday, May sad, i.oop.m


Grain Garden Seeds and Fertilizers Connecting with the Savannah Florida and Western Railway (Waycross Short, Line), offer to the
Traveling Public and Shippers advantages equalled by no other line.
Through Ticket and Bills of Lading issued to principal points North, Hast and Northwest via
20 WEST BAY STREET, JACKSONVILLE, FLA. Savannah. For information and rooms apply to
B. R. PRICE Soliciting Agent W. II. LUCAS, Fla.Pass.Agent.
West Bay Street, Jacksonville. 77 West Bay Street,Jacksonville.
New Pier No.35 North River New York. City Exchange: Building, Savannah Ca.
Hay Corn Oats Flour Bran Wheat Grits Meal RICHARDSON & BARNARD,Agents, Lewis' Wharf, Boston.W. .
L. Agent, 13 S.Third Street Philadelphia.J .
JAMES Eastern Agent, Sav., Fla. & Western Ry. Co., 261
COTTON SEED MEAL Both Bright and Dark. A. DeW. SAMPSON General Agent, W. E. ARNOLD Gen.Trav.Agt.,Jacksonville: Fta.
x 306 Washington st., Boston. W. H. RIIETT. General Agent
y --- For Tickets apply to S., K. & W.Railway office. Sri Broadway, :.'ew York.

J. E. Tygert & Co.'s 4 PURE GROUND BONE, you need stationery of any kind-paper
NITRATE SODA DO pens and ink? If so, send to DaCosta Fruit ALE SICKL Vii(
Star Brand Fertilizers, ing and Publishing House,Jacksonville. II


Comprising u.a Il c SULPHATE POTASH, PPLIESAI/si.d..Water,6awolj. I
\ W Abject to SPASMS veraott likely troubledI
Tree and Vegetable .
Orange KAINIT Etc & alll.Cld., Encychptdla SSe. I I I WORMS The bMt remedy for this th. eeUbiL'SVERMIF
American Well Works,Aurora: ,IIU .B A AHNESTOCK .
FERTILIZER. 11-13S.CAHALST..CHICAGO.ILL. i 8raneh H....a I I Beea 110 years In nee and.n eye r'_JI a. Ot.*ry.p&riIciQ.IuU
These Fertilizers have no superior in the market and a trial will convince. ELM STREET. DALLAS TEXAS. f that tb'faitWs u.,s B.A.but+ !avoiding tadtatlonl



'- -- --"''' ,. -
..-- -.: ,P7n; : '.




Blood and Bone, Chicago Bone Meal,

Pure Fine Ground Bone, '.A JDark and Bright Cotton Seed Meal,

Animal Bone' and Potash, Tobacco Stems,

Blood, Bone and Potash, Canada Hardwood Ashes,

. [Pulverized Animal Bone, Sulr>hate of Potash, &. .0.

Fruit and: "VTioa.0: :Bearl.n.grrees.: : : .. ,:_

:: ran.geJWree: ::]Food, o"U.n.grrees.: : ,
'Vegeta'ble and :Potato Gr-ro-vver.:

GEO. E. WILSON, 50 West Bay Street, Jacksonville, Fla.JOHN .

President. Vice-President.
H. T. BAYA, THOS. W. CONRAD, By Uujlnuthe FEUTIL.IZEKS that are Manufactured by the OLD EST AJlLISJlEDaiul
Cashier. Assistant Cashier.
CAPITAL $100,000.



freapectfully-_. solicits your Deposits, Collections end General These FERTILIZERS; are made especially: for the .

Bonking Business.CORRESPONDENCE Orange, Vegetable and Pineapple Growers of Florida.

Southern Office and Warehou&e at Jacksonville, Florida.

O. WEEKS, State Agent,

DIRE ORSI No. 8 Bostwick Block.

John L. Marvin A. B. Campbell, Chas. Marvin
Jas. P. Taliaferro T W. Roby Judge R. B.Archibald, Catalogue describing our Fertilizers with prices and testimonials sent fret
W. B. Clarkson, C. B. Rogers, W. M. Davidson, upon application..
Dr. H. Robinson. John E. Hartrldge.FERTILIZERS. GJLVIS US A. TRIAL.



AhQr .

.1 Grower."Uniform

good results In every reiti: 4
the"crr1 best:) high-grade Fertilizer 1 ever -
used." J. B. Wyatt, Supt. Fair Oaks
Groves, Manatee, FJa.

*% 7EGETABLES GROW in 60 to 90 days

: V and, as a rule, do best on a manure thatis

available, and about ready to nourish.

I Bowker's Vegetable Grower is a special fertilizer,

\ ? I made to produce a vigorous, healthy growth, and

I is composed of chemicals especially adapted to

ARE_CONCEDED TO BE THE MOST COMPLETE MANURE FOR ORANGE TREES : vegetables, which feed this class of crops in a
They'produce a strong growth of wood and a large yield of the best quality Iruit. Mr.P.C.Buffum, .
of and lemon trees and a manner to produce a healthy growth which withstands
of Stanton,Fla..says: "I am cultivating nearly 300 acres orange nursery I
the largest in the State and I have experimented with and tested all the high-grade fertilizers I
offered for sale in the State,and I find yours more satisfactory than any others I have used." Send I disease and matures early. For sound, I
for our beautifully illustrated pamphlet. I delicious vegetables of good shipping quality, usa

BRADLEY FERTILIZER CO._ 27 Kilby St,, Boston j AUGUSTASGA: :, the BOWJLER Fertilizers.

Saw ad GrlstlIU.4 BoP.I I I
I FARMERS and larger. Catalogue free. Send for Illustrated Catalogue, Free.
DeL01CB_ JILL CO...1t IIta.cs.I .


made with our RIVAL CORN by)1Drake.
of Marlborough County S. C. We have improved
PIANOS. our corn 24 years. We guarantee it to ..
make one-fourth more than any corn in America.
of corn ear. Pure white-flint
Shells pound per I
UNEQUALLED IN grams nearly an inch long Matures in zoo days.
We want a good man in each section to sell it
Tone Touch Workmanship ti Durability this.spring. We pay well. Good samples and -
plenty printed matter with your address,25 cts. '
Baltimore,22 and 24 East Baltimore Street. We give Sioo.oo in premium Write I THOMAS: P.8IMPSO.V,Washington ''R EPAIR your old family Bibles; make them a*
New York, 143 Fifth Ave. at once. Address, FARMER'S CO.. I PATENTS D.C. No aU,'.fee until Patent obtained. j I. i good as new. DaCoeta Printing and.hblishirig -
Washington, 817 Market Space. a-i8-eow-4 '>Orangcburg Cj I Write for Inventor Quid House,Jacksonville,Fla. .

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