Florida farmer & fruit grower
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055765/00219
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: S. Powers
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: February 11, 1892
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note: Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038466
oclc - 01387403
notis - AKM6256
lccn - sn 95026761
System ID: UF00055765:00219
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen

Full Text



;IL s .: ,


?A B II S H[D, '

1 1869 i '





JACKSONVILLE FLA. FEBRUARY 11 1892. Whole No. 1201
Proprietors.. Vol IV, No. 6




Has proved to be the earliest and finest grape in Florida,being fully two weeks earlier than Niagara. t =:
57 CHATHAM ST., BOSTON. All the White Diamond grape vines we offer for sale have been crown; and will be shipped
direct by the Diamond White Grape Company of R Chester, N. Y. They are guaranteed to be '
Price Catalogues. of weekly sales furnished strong,healthy two-year-old vines and our prices for the same are as follows: r p,
on application.O.
FOR CASH, $22 PER 10Oor$20OPER 1,000. :

.W.RAItJ TT.ESTABLISHED 1864.J. H.BARNETT OX TIME, $40, $35 or $30 PElt 100, ACCORDING TO d IflN

BROS., for price list! and descriptive pamphlet,giving terms for vineyard planting on time. Address -
BARNETT AGENTS E. DU tiOIS. BOX 182, Tallahassee Fla. General Agent Diamond White 0 I e:
Grape Company for Florida and Georgia.AtoCull .
FLORIDA FRUIT EXCHANGE. ; stuck of N 8garat Delaware, Tves, Cynthiana, Norton,Chassellas, Black Hamburg and o 0
all other leading and new varieties of grape vines,nat ve and foreign. Q aqen
Wholes Commission, Fruits and Vegetables. ..

frompt returns. Btenclla ica.

G. S. PALMER We now have in stock art extra fine lot of crop of 1891 beans at following prices:
JOG Jteadr Street, New York.
SOUTHERN PRODUCE A SPECIALTY. Excelsior Refugee......... $1.50 $ Improved Golden Wax................ 1.50 5.50
Oranges. Lemons, Pineapples, nnd all other Improved Round Pod Refugee 1.25 BU'I Wardwell's Kidney Wax............. 1.50 5.50
Fruit* and early truck, also dried fruits,nuts, Improved Red Valentine........... 1.25 ., ? Flageolet Wax......................... 1.60 5.75 FLA.,
furs etc. Improved Extra Early Valentine, 1.40 5.00 I
All consignments promptly remitted for. Stencils .
and market reports furnished free. H. G. HASTINGS & CO., Interlachen, Fla.Our .
References: Bradstreets!,and established merchants -
and banks of THE the South. 4o-page catalogue with revised price-list free on application. IRRIGATING


Xett', Hare and Elegant Plants of Every

Palms, Orchids Dt'ltt'rlptloll, Cacti and; Bamboos. The Virginia Ventilated Fruit Carriers BOTH ,

Shade and orn raeat-l trees and shrubs for Southern -
l wnand gardens. Choice exotic plants A F:
for the greenhouse or conservatory. No. 41-6 Baskets, three-quarter Bushel. No. 34-16-quart gift crate STEAM HORSE S POWER
ORANGE AND LEMON TREESin No. 42-4 one-hall Bushel. I No. 36-32- II
all the leading varieties,'budded from bearing No. 56-2 II No. 30-32Standard crate.
trees on our own grounds and
true to name. Send for catalogues,prices and samples.

Fruits.All the Our New 83 page and Illustrated Desirable and Descriptive Tropical SOUTH SIDE l\I "G.oCO., Petersburg, Va. PIPE, PIPE FITTING BRASS
Catalogue fur 1892 tells all about these things and
is sent(recto applicant". Address

Seven OaKs, Fla.IOULTRT R. M. BURROWS & CO., Write for Estimates.



:. Jennings Nursery Co., Thoma.. xy";,
64 .fc: 66 PROSPECT ST., Cleveland, O. ,..r/l"'. f:.nrK'.".
-We are not connected in any way with any so.c tlicd Fruit Auction House Only actual wiling
prices noted. Correspondence with shipper solicited. REFERENCESMercantile National Bank ; day ,...rliei than }
Trade Mark. Win. Edwards & Co.. Wholesale Crocus; Childs Groff& Co., Wholesale Booty & Shoes; Brad eLizAgrlrn. rt.tr lfod lUbe
HOLLI8' CANNED MEAT FOR POULTRY streets'and R. G. Dun &Co.'s Mercantile Ageucies; "Ohio Farmer"Cleveland. It ai u D-T fl.Fz.N Y Grounds Color

. Will Make Hens Lay! anenlshNI.ite pulp.
iriM'er! sweet and doJl"lou
Will Make Chickens Grow! +. 'Ille r>ulTsrr pe
Florist Establishment in U. S
Southernmost .
AND GOOD FOR MOUKTINO FOWLS. sA R that rank tint uo'b in.
1 ear Hans ami qiuiiiacu /
This food Is strictly fresh meat,carefully V RanvsntI > Tine crated with
cooked,ground fine,seasoned and hermeti- : ESTABLISHED l88j. .ur r'nl.icie in t"" mark lab i I. tend for
a Rare new fruits Shrubbery Ornamental plants-Palm*,Orchids,Fem, .. .. tYtJrra
cally sealed in 8-Ib cans. Being ground fine,It ; ; ., Te1._= II. iw(, r lntormltlloD. Agents wonted
can be readily mixed with soft! food,and fed t 1 Bamboos,Cactus.Conifers Aquatics. Stock safely shipped over the whole srEple.s 'IoOYT'"i UNS.. hew Lanuao;CV
so as to give each fowl an equal share. Pric / world. Fine illustrated catalogue.of 100 pages sent on receipt of ice. Clean, -

3Oct per can; Sl: per doz. Address HOLLIS op ,,;;to#f healthy stock. Low prices. FIENCINC
DRESSED MEAT & WOOL CO., 20 NorthBnslnn. '''rowq ItK.tSOXER' TCUO, Oncco, Fla. I '

MP.*. (Mention papr+r.I ----- -- : WIRE RtPE SEIVA E.


Giant. Tarrj.Japan Walnuts! Japan Golden .
ItuRget, Idaho and KeuTer Pears: KleapnusIonplpes I
Hardy Oranges! and other valuable acres devoted to testing new varieties. Thirty acres in orchards. One quarter of a million
novelti Ftnull Fruits, Graphs etc. Fruit ((250.000)) nursery trees of the finest tested varieties. Our new catalogue for 1891-92 is the most com
Shade and Nut tree Ornamental Shrubs.Vines, prehensive we have ever issued,and will be mailed free on application. Address

etc. Illustrative l-aS-jm Descriptive WILLIAM Parry Catalogue,New PARRY Jersey tree. G. L. TABER, :-: Glen St. Mary, Fla. I WniUtPaid.RABBIT xaitLLLiWOWWIZZl3CZCQ.tu1C.t.JQ& POULTRY FENCIN .



+....A. -. -



: CAUTION: : : !

'; ,- '!"











Is the most effective compound yet discovered for destroying the insects infesting the orange tree, and is a sovereign remedyfor

the various forms of fund on trees and plants. Being: free from all substances of a caustic, corrosive or poisonous nature, it can

be handled with perfect safety to the person, and applied to the trees at any stare of growth without injury.

This insecticide has been used by some of the largest orange growers in the State during the past two years, and has given

oerfect satisfaction. References furnished on application. .

FOR RUST MITE USE ONE OUART TO FIFTY GALLONS OF WATER. \When used at this strength the trees should be sprayed

F for the Rust Mite twice a month through the season. Where labor constitutes the principal item of expense in spraying:trees it is better

and cheaper to use the Insecticide at full strength, viz.: One {gallon of solution to 50 allons of water, as the fumes from the Insecticide

r will kill the Rust Mite even if the solution should not happen to touch them. ]In using the Insecticide at this strength it will save

three or four sprayings through the season, thereby reducing; the cost from one-third to one-half. This is an Advantage Possessed by

no Other Preparation of Sulphur if used in this manner it will also kill the other insects that may be movinor On the trees.

r FOR RED SPIDER and SCALE, use one gallon( to fifty gallons of water. General directions for using sent on application.

PRICE 20c. PER GALLON, in barrels. If there is no agent in your vicinity write for price delivered. ..

SPRAYING APPARATUS furnished to our customers at cost.McMASTER. ..

& MILLER, San r Mateo and Citra, Fla.


;, .

-'T'he 1or1.i: :]: :Lspa-toJ:1.: : :Lin.e-: :

With the Magnificent Connections.

The Great Fast Express Freight System of the South.

" The attention of shippers' directed to the Plant S. 8. Line between Havana.Key Wept and Tarrra.and Hcoib Florida Railway between Tampa and Panford 8..F.A W.Ry.be
tweenJaeksnnvilleOainesvilleBainbridge. River Junction and Pavannah.Pavarrab and Tleion.ard Ooefn f Fnublr lire tdwfcn FacannabFt1JadelphfaPoslnnandNew
York,and Merchants and Miners Transportation Company between Pavannab and Baltimore The rest equipped,fastest and mast prompt lines between all points In Florida and aU
,- point North and NorthwesU|uRecel\erh and Shippers' will pront by the following unparalleled connections:
Double daily fast freight service for all points West via Albany,Jescp, BaInbridge and Double dally fart freight service firm all points North and West via Albany BaInbridge,
Savannah! Jesup and Savannah to all points in Florida;fast freight trains both via Gainesville,Jacksonville
' Dally fast freight all rail ronnecticn via the Atlantic Coast Line to all Fastens: ,Interior ,Callaban and LU e Oak. .
and Coast points, including New*York,.Boston, Philadelphia,Baltimore,Washington and Four ships a week by the fleet! steamships of the Ocean Steamship Company,sailing from
r Providence. New York(New Pier 35,North River,)direct for Savannah Monday,Wednesday,Friday.and
roar connections a week for New York via OceanSteamsblpCompanyleavingSavanuah: Saturday.
Mondays Wednesdays.Fridays and Saturdays. The Boston and Savannah Steamship Company's steamers will leave Boston June 4,11.
, Two connections a week for Baltimore,via Merchants and Miners'Transportation: 18 and 25 for Pavannah direct, making connection on the dock at Savannah with fast
panyleav'ngsavannah every Wednesday and Saturday freight trains. for ill points In Florida.
c Connections for Boston via Boston and Savannah Steamship Company,leaving Savannah From Philadelphia via Ocean steamship Co., leaving Philadelphia May 9, 19 and 29,
t June 4.11,18 and 25. every five days from regular railing day vix New-York to Savannah.
Connections for Philadelphia[every ten days via Ocean Steamship Company,leaving From Baltimore via Merchant and Miners Transportation! Co.. every Tuesday and
Savannah June 4.If and 24. Friday, making close connection with B.,F.&: W.Ry.for all points In Florida.
-.,r.,.- -. Balling days for Steamships: are subject change without notice.
The Florida Dispatch Line is the qulckestland! best freight route from all points North,East and Vest to FIe rlda. For) full rartlrularr,rater,stencils add fblpplng receipts apply to ,
. any agents of the above lines,or to WM.P.HABDEE,Genl Freight Agent,Savannah,Ua
. O.D.OWENS,TraMe Manager,Savannah,Ga F.B.PAPY,Asst.Traffic Manager,Savannah,Ga W. M.DAVIDSON, Genl Traffic Agent, Jacksonville,Fla.
. *. J.P..JORDANTrav.Agent,Quincy. J.E.DBATTON,Trav Agent, Jacksonville. J.H.STEPHENS,Agent,Jacksonvfle.t .





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,_ .




C lfOlle and Orchard.The and make it available, a great advancewas I quota of forest for protection and be I ORANGE RUST-No. 1.
made in agriculture. Thinkingmen safe; but as it is they mostly have no If we estimate the crop of the State
are not going back to the usages : screen but one another, and the wind
this at three million boxes and
Potash Went into the Fruit. of half a century ago. If they did, has practically unobstructed sweep.I .
half of that and
Editor Fanner and Fruit Grower: the earth would not produce the food have lately traveled: over a thou- rusty the depreciationin
Please allow a few lines in regardto demanded for actual existence to day. sand miles through the orange belt and price at 25 cents a box on the rusty
"Waste of Potash," not for contro Technology is exact to-day. Thereare visited scores of the growers, conversing fruit, the growers will suffer a loss of
versy, for I have no time. I know thousands of successful men who with them as we walked about $375,000 from this cause alone.
Mr Butler desires information.First who be- their and I find
make no compost heaps once groves, everywhere
While this is a distinct "trade mark"of
he has offered no direct testi, lieved in them to the exclusion of all that young trees have been destroyedwith
mony that actual potash does leach 4n other methods. '.' a much wider sweep than they Florida fruit and is prized by a

soil largely composed of silica. He If Mr. Butler will put some of his used to be fifteen or twenty years ago. I limited number of educated tastes as
has rather left the impression that it actual potash two inches under the I The pine trees are gone and now. a proof of genuineness and a brand F
does so leach. pulverized sand, roll it compactly, the orange trees are going too. of superior quality, to the great mul-
His trees had die-back. They were wet the soil to the depth of four Incredible as it may seem to your titude of consumers it is a stigma.
hungry for potash-more, they were inches, in five days he can see the readers, even a dead pine tree is a And not only is it objectionable on
starved from lack of it. Therewas effects of the potash on the whole top great protection against cold, that is, esthetic grounds (which in this case
almost no potash in that soil. of the soil, and can find more potashin if there are enough of them in a body. are also solidly commercial grounds),
The excretions from the trees were the first inch of soil than in the Some years ago I cleared away the but it weakens the frost,resisting power -
acid and needed correction. Probably layer of an inch four inches below the forest and planted seven acres in lem, of the fruit by causing more or less
the whole land was a bed of fer- surface-that is, in the layer two ons in Marion county. Right beside extravasation of the essential oil of
ments. Some of the potash went inches below where he put the potash. this I had 93 acres in the same variety the rind.
first neutralize the acid but the acid dissolved the the time will
to Phosphoric by of lemons, planted the same yearand Probably never come
bulk of it began to be taken up after action of sulphuric acid on raw boneis treated the same in every respect.But when Florida oranges will not showa
the first rain which wet the soil. If much slower in action than potash this larger grove was not cleared, considerable percentage of rusty
he had examined the changed condi-- such as Mr. Butler used, and there is it was only "deadened." The trees fruit; still, it is practicable to keep
tion within a month after he appliedthe more phosphoric acid in our soils, as were nearly all left standing, and the down that percentage, and it oughtto
fertilizer he could have traced it a rule, than potash. leaves, twigs, bark and finally the be an object with every ambitious
to the leaves and bark. A hungrytree LYMAN PHELPS. larger limbs and the sapwood fell to j grower to hold it in check as much as
will appropriate the food needed the ground. But those dead trunks possible. In this view we shall printa
almost as quickly as a hungry animal A Menace to the Orange Industry.Editor absorbed the frost high above the series of articles, taken mostly from
will reach out for food when within Farmer and Fruit-Grower .heads of the lemon trees and saved the valuable work of Mr. H. G. Hub-.
reach. A sickly tree cannot begin at I am not an alarmist, not a pessimist them. Last winter not a lemon tree bard, "Insects Affecting the Orange,"'
once to put on a new growth any ; I have a good deal of money invested was hurt that stood among the dead- which we believe will be of value to
more than a sick man, who has been in Florida orange and lemon ened pines, while those in the cleared our readers.
running down for a year or more, be groves; I have spent mv winters in land were all killed below the bud. NATURE OF RUST.
gins at once and decidedly to put on the State for sixteen years, and am You have doubtless often noticed thata In the rust varies froma
flesh. It takes time in both attached to Florida with its
healthy deeply wisp of trash or mulching lying on light or dark brown stain beneath ,
instances to break up the bad habit of delightful climate and health-gtvtng the ground in a grove attracts and the cuticle to a rough incrustation resembling i
waste and to eliminate the taint and atmosphere. But I cannot conceal catches the frost. But this is under an exudation of resinous
virus before the building up begins. (from myself a grave danger that the trees and does them no particular: gum upon the surface. In the formercase
About seven years ago I advised a menaces the prosperity of our great I good, while the dead tree trunks are the golden color of the ripe or
man to use actual potash only'on trees industry, the growing of citrus fruits. I high above them, and by catching the ange is more or less obscured, and in
in September, heavily loaded with or- The sawmill is the greatest enemy frost they keep it from injuring the the latter entirely destroyed by the I
fruit that Florida had that and the
anges. The was marketed in ever orange trees.Therefore. discoloration. When entirely coated ,
less than sixty days after the potashwas turpentine still together. Our forests I hope to see the growers with rust the surface becomes finely
applied. He Was satisfied the have been laid waste to an alarming spare the pine forests, at least chapped and roughened, giving to
potash was all taken up in that short extent and the destruction still goeson about their groves; and if these are the unripe fruit a likeness to russet 3
time-was surprised at the great su at a constantly accelerating rate. already gone they should lose no timein apples.
periority of the fruit over that whereno It is true, as the mill men urge, that planting something to supply their 1
used. This made the area actually stripped of its timberis SEASON OF APPEARANCE. ]
potash was was place, as far as may be possible, for a
from 40 per cent. actual potash. He insignificant compared with the windbreak. J. B. BRIGGS. The season during which rust 1'
was positive he could taste the potash immense expanse of forest still stand Ocala makes its appearance includes nearly -
in the fruit. The following spring he 11 ing untouched; but that is not the the entire period of growth of the -1 J,
If the sawmill man and, the Seedless Fruits. fruit beginning in early summer
applied the potash on a portion of his point. .
cabbages just as they began to head and orange grower only remained apart An economic student prophesiesthat when the fruit has attained less than
found a like result as with the oranges. the mischief accomplished by the important additions to the seed- one-third its full size, and continuing
"We cannot eat our cake and haveit former would be inconsiderable as yet. less or nearly seedless plants may be late into autumn. Its most rapid in-
too." But they both want the same territory, expected. He holds that thei is no crease is, however, in August and:
If any one desires to use potash they both seek the best timbered lands, reason why there should not be stra.. September, as the orange approachesma
and find it in the soil six or eight and both naturally gravitate to the berries without the so called seeds; I '"rity. Rarely is there any increase
months after, let him use ground feldspar lines of transportation. A comparatively blackberries and raspberries with only arts the rind begins to ripen,
; he can find it longer than that. small area of the virgin pine the delicious pulp, and large grapes as although the maoioration usually attracts .
would free from seeds as the small "cur attention just a1. this time and '"
If he can afford to wait, he can use forest sufficiently protect a ,
soft phosphate and find it has not grove; but the trouble is, the growers rants." These and the coreless apples I I frequently occasions u>">cessary "
leached down a year after it was put want to plant their groves in close and pears of the future, the stoneless J'alarm. On the contrary there *M always !- '
on the sand hills. I know Mr. Butler proximity to each other for society, cherries and plums must be propo- I a perceptible brightening as the _
does not wish to apply such. He and to the railroad for transportation.This gated by bud division! and be open to I I fruit attains its full color, and oranges 1
knows a good orange. makes a clean breach in the crest the tendency to diminished strengthsaid slightly affected or affected very earlyin
When the discovery was made of so far as it goes. If the groves were I to be the consequence of. con-j the season, when fully ripe show
using sulphuric acid to dissolve bone scattered each might have its little tinued bud-propagation. but little trace of rust.

." .


w .C fiy




IT FUNGUS OR GUM ? that as yet shows no indication of eased to healthy tees and carried by which he will soon set to 484 lemon

The term "rust" is very indefinite- rust, we shall, if the season is not too insects from flower to flower seems to trees. Today I received two lettersof

"lr:',applied to a great variety of plant far advanced, obtain abundant confirmation be also well established. One Smith's inquiry ;about matters here. One
diseases, some of which are clearly of this conclusion, and find hybrid and one large Duchess of the gentleman asks about pineapple and
due to the presence of fungi, and others these colonies in the full tide of their Oriental varieties have been destroyed grape lands. Large, deep lakes and

are considered pathological con existence. The former occupants of jy blight, while the other specimensof high lands certainly contribute both,
ditions of the plant, for the most part the cast skins prove to be elongate these varieties have been entirely and for several miles square here wild

attributable to unknown or conjectural mites of a honey-yellow color too exempt. The two which died stood grape vines are more abundant than I
conditions of soil or climate. minute to be seen as individuals with near the diseased -trees of the Euro ever saw them anywhere else.

A good example of the first class is the unassisted eye, but visible in the pean type, while the exempt trees As to the pineapple, we have never

found in the common and very des- aggregate as a fine golden dust upon were: more remote from them. had but one plant to bear, because
tructive rust of the fig. Anyone the surface of the fruit. The importance of promptly removing that was all we had, and it tood the

who will take the trouble to examine THE MITE ON THE LEAVES. all diseased branches, by cut cold of three winters and matured a

with a good glass the brown discoloration !. Having tracked the mite by means ting far enough below the blightedpart four pound apple. Had I planted a

upon the surface of the leaves of its telltale exuviae, and detected it to be sure of leaving only few thousand! on settlement here, I

may easily detect the sacks or aj-ci of at work upon the fruit, if we turn our healthy tissue, cannot be too strongtly now would be able to sell plants
the fungus, filled to bursting with the attention to the leaves it needs no urged. The branches should not only enough to pay farming expenses and

spores or pouring them cut upon the prolonged search to discover it here. be cut off, but should be burned as have fruit almost the year round. I

surface. also, and in even greater abundance.In soon as removed. have made a sm ill beginning at last.
Nothing of this kind is seen upon fact, it is evidently upon the leaves The diseased branches, if left, be A gentleman asks me if I have the
the leaves or rusted fruit of the that the mites exist and propagate come fruitful nurseries from which large white sour guava. Yes; plenty.

orange. A microscopic examinationof throughout the year, for not only are ,he spores ot the blight are wafted in 1 had a pie to-day of the fruit picked.
the fruit rind reveals no forms of they found upon fruiting trees, but theair and become the means of yesterday, and ate fully half o> it.
fungus, but shows the oil cells to be spreading the disease. S. W. CARSON.
upon plants of all ages, in the nurseryas ,
more or less completely emptied of well as in the grove. The pruning shears. should be dis Good t Planting.m
their contents, and the outer layers, infected after being used upon blighted
Nothing resembling the rust of the
the epithelial cells clogged with It is not unusual to hear people say
fruit follows their attacks the trees before using them upon healthyones.
brownish resin or entirely broken up upon that they cannot understand why trees
leaves. Each made by a
and divided fissures which puncture die under transplanting, consideringthat
by permit mite gives rise to a minute pimple or Of the Oriental varieties the Kieffer
evaporation of the fluids from the they give the planting the very
end LeConte are the most valuable.
elevation, until the surface of the leaf
careVhat is considered the
cells. The rind of rusted best of
becomes finely corrugated loses its The Kiefler commences to bear at
fruit therefore shrinks and best of care is often very bad care. It
four from planting, and bears
gloss and assumes a corroded and years
loses oxidationthe is amazing to see the careful planter
by evaporation or
annual of large ,
dusty This tarnished crops very pears
greater part of its essential oil. which ripen late in September, when without experience, occasionally on
of the foliage is char
appearance very his knees pressing the earth in aroundthe
ORIGIN OF RUST. acteristic, and remains a 'fruit is scarce. Though the fruit
permanent with his for fear of
roots fingers,
The amcunt of popular misapprehension indication of their depredations after grades only "good, its reliability as crushing the fibers. It is impossibleto
on this subject still existing the mites themselves have disappeared. to healthfulness of the trees and the
get the properly packed
size of the fruit render it especially
in Florida is surprising. Only a few .4 around roots in this way. In nurser-

days ago we had a long conversationwith Best Pears for the South.In desirable. ..es, where it is presumable planting is
Another feature in its favor is the
a wealthy other
orange grower, thirty-four varieties cf thoroughly understood, a man stands
wise intelligent and progressive who 1885 pearsof fact that it is late in flowering, and
the European type and six of the with a rammer while one is putting in
hence frosts which de
insisted that spring
is caused escapes
orange rust by and the earth in
Oriental were planted under very 'favorable and the earth, hammers
the fruit the LeConte
exhalation from stroy on
some or arising
vapor auspices as to the preparationand as tightly as though he was hammer
the In of this others. The LeConte is a more vig
ground. support : in This the earthin
fertilization of the soil. ing a post. packs
than the Kieffer and
idea he adduced the fact that the rust orous grower
than be done
Jf the varieties were cultivated bothas more tightly can by
when it frost bears im
discoloration is generally of the deepest escapes
dwarfs and standards, two of each either feet or hands. Some are afraidof
of attractive fruit
hue and most widely spread the mense crop very ,
with this hammering
were planted, or tour of the variety.f crushing the roots -
which sells well
though grading onl-
under surface of the orange, or at
but with the
[ propagated only as dwarfs or only process; pressureall
least its sides and the "good.
on not on around is directed
is standards, then but two of the varietywere the force towards
The this
principal objection to va
surface also the further fact
upper ; ,
the and from
planted. There were at the roots not away
is its habit of bloom-
riety early
which he claimed to be based very
uponan s-ime time six varieties of the Oriental them. It is not necessary, however
which renders it unreliable
experience and observation of ing, quite asa
type planted six LeContes and two to go into reasons, as the universal ex-
many seasons, that lust seldom struck crop producer.-Alabama Experiment of the is in favor of
each of the others. The object of Station. perience nursery
his .fruit to any extent except immediately in the earth
These plantings was to ascertain the hammering as represented.
( after' he plowed the grove, thereby varieties best suited to this soil and Belair Premium Lemon. This i is: the essence of good planting,
Iresh earth to the surface
climate. Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower. and any other planting is decidedlybad.
and liberating: a cloudy vapor, which, Until 1888, when many of the varieties : This variety is no v blooming in I Trees properly planted need no
though unseen: rapidly stained the I blossomed for the first time, Keystone; but the fruit so far is muchtoo staking. The fact that -a tree needs

: oranges. I the trees were models of symmetry large-as big again, perhaps, as staking is a proof that it was not properly
r.. PROBABLY THE WORK OF A MITE.I I and beauty, having been used for the Villa Franca. I wonder if thisis planted-Meehan's[ Monthly.

If we examine critically with a hand class instruction in pruning. The the general character of this fruit. t-+-t -

I, lens of considerable magnifying power open flowers afforded means of accessto This, I fear, will be an objection in Some Strictures.
the surface of a rusted orange, we will the germs of the disease! known as tne market, and I should regret it, as Editor Farmer aud Fruit-Grower:

.t.. find here and there in the depressions "pear blight' and the work of de, it fruits early and abundantly. I A correspondent, you say, asks if
groups of minute white filaments, adhering struction was commenced. Each suc- clipped a bough the other day with a December is a good time to prune:

,I closely to the rind. Carefully cessive summer claimed its victims, cluster of fie lemons on the end of orange trees. Please allow me to say
transferring one of these filaments t, until now only twenty.six of the ninety- one !'tcln-four regularly surroundingthe to him, yes, if it is done with an ax,
the stage of a compound microscope, nine trees of the European type remain fifth, which stands exactly frontin and this is t the best December I ever

and applying a power of several hun and some of these have keen the cente, being the largest of the knew, and I would earnestly urge each.
dred diameters, we discover clearly mutilated by the removal;: of f blighted five, while the o hers are as uniformas grower to prune every other tree. '

the character of the object. It is the limbs. though they had been cast in the Another man: wants a law to prosecute

cast skin of an insect.If To what extent the disease was same mould. It is evidently among a man for shipping green orarges.I .
the examination chances to bt transmitted from tree to tree through the beauties, and never has been excelled say that's right too. Give this calf

made in winter when the fruit is ripe. dIe agency of the pruning shears can I reckon, for peculiarity in the more rope; only do sometl.inj; y..
the number of these exuviae will not.. not be estimated, but it is more than fruit line. thing most will do -only set the foolsto !,
be strikingly great. But ;wI' made in probable that the spread and intensityof \Vell, I am pleased to inform your thinking. r

autumn or late sum ", the surface 01 the disease was increased by this many readers that I can now claim a You say we must make up our,
every oran mowing rust will be means. little help in booming the lemon and minds to be satisfied with less money

found tW,:fcly sprinkled with them, The fact that healthy trees may be pineapple interests in these sand hills, for our fruit. Why not suggest that

;, and. we shall be forced to concludethat inoculated by the germs adhering to a gentleman: \Vashingon, D. C., the tran'portation man put up with
we have before us the relics of a the knife, used in pruning diseasedones hiving employed Mr. J. C. Burleigh, less ? You say you know of proves

numerous colony which at some has been clearly demonstratedat of Midland, to prepare 12 acres be. that yield 400 boxes per acre. Yes, I
Cpr ner period'infested,the fruit. the New York Experiment Station. tween Clinch and Trout Lakes and insight say, you know too of groves that did

Extending the examination. '. to fruit.' That the spores.. .are_ wafted-, .... t..t (from. .'. dis-, < of Lake Reedy, of f choice land not yield 40 boxes per acre. You say



l ... _- _-- I -- -


t i
-- I
at 50 cents per box the 400 box grove 1 The peeler is a piece of wire, nickel- by breaking the leaves and in four year-

,would yield a profit greater than the plated, very much in the shape of a The Iii ery, old fields are almost impracticable.The .
wheat growers realize. I say'' it did button-hook, but with a tiny blade let true solution of the problemlies
''not take time and thou. into the inner bend of the hook. think in
twenty years' Edited by JOHN B. BEACH, bourne( Fla. we obtaining a manure
:sands of labor or money to make the When the point of the hook is drawn which can be applied broadcast with-
wheat, and the wheat is worth near a into the fruit it slides between the Pineapple Culture-No. 6. out danger and which will still containall

dollar a bushel, while oranges at your pulp and the peel without danger of It has often been said that the pine- the mineral elements required in,
figure would be but about 35 cents per entering either, while the blade divides apple is an air plant because it be- the right proportions and in the best

bushel; one half to one-third the price the peel easily and rapidly, after longs to the same family as the grey forms. We have carried on careful
of f the commonest farm truck a negro which it may be removed without Spanish moss and the narrow.leaved and elaborate experiments for some

can make in a season of three months. trouble. air plants which adorn our forest trees. four years with a view to solving this
No, ST; we must not be put down be- *-.-. And this fact is the excuse which problem, and while we may not have arrived -

low the level of cuw-peas, pinders or California's Dangerous Rival.A very economical people make (people at the nt plus ultra yet still we
Indian corn, or oats-feed for horses. few weeks ago the Produce Trade who believe that a penny saved is bet think we have derived valuable ideas

:Think of that, gentlemen 1 Yes, sir, Reporter called attention to a new region ter than a dollar earned) when they from our experience and observation.We .

prune your trees, make your laws, most highly adapted for the cultivationof sprinkle their plants with fertilizer as know what the plant requires when

kick and squeal. But there is just this all serai-tropic fruits and vegetables they would season soup with cayenne fruiting and are now having special
about it, we must have cheaper trans Southern Arizona. Two gentlemen, pepper. It is true that the pineappleis manure put up at Gainesville by the
portation. Then South Florida must Col. Cole Saunders and C. S. Morton, an air plant and can exist upon air Florida Fertilizer Co. which we think
not ship her oranges until after Christmas representing the Yuma Fruit Company, and water. It is just as true that will be less likely to cause injury
while all North Florida must ship are at present in town to introduce and there is a kind of wild apple called than what has been heretofore used
her's before and all fruit sold the haw whicH in and will meet
not at establish a trade for the citrus and other grows poor scrubby exactly the require-
home must be shipped through some delicate fruits which are raised in that thickets, but that fact is not taken as ments of the fruiting plant. Some

organization I (fully agree with F.Hlgel' section of our country. Samples of oranges conclusive evidence by the Hudson thirty prominent 'growers 'are experimenting -
as to government ownership of River iruit grower that he must planthis \V.th this and perhaps another
lemons etc. are with the Secre-
railroads, and ',the ,distribution of the tary of the Produce, Exchange.The pippin orchard in the woods and year in the light of their experiencewe
entire orange crop 'by one man. We never prune or manure it. Clover is may be able to make still further
must effect some decided reform or warm sunshine' of the spring, grown in an open field without manure improvements in the formula.

abandon the industry. fruit summer in Southwest nnd autumn Arizona days to causes mature the or culture, and cut for hay or turned For application to the young plantswe

'- Wi i. P. NEELD. early, and gives a delicious sweetness, under to enrich the soil ; yet becauseit ra her prefer a good blood, bone
flavor and color to the orange, lime belongs to the same family the and tankage, with the blood and tank-
The Gas Treatment.The lemon and other citrus fruits which they trucker does not neglect to fertilize age predominating, though the usual
experiments the cannot attain on the coast of the Pacific, and hoe his beans and peas. The mixture contains an excess of phos-
by Departmentof where the fruit mildew is
fogs dampen
people who starve their pines and expect phate, which, however, is only stored
Agriculture in 1880 to 1883 resultedin produced, and dustcoats both fruit and;
teaf. There is an ever-growing demandall them to make fruit on air and away to enrich the soil. Cottonseedmeal
educing< a satisfactory remedy for I in the and is also and it is
over the country for early vegetablesand water, are minority never very good only
the worst scale insects and orange rust melons. Arizon i c in produce these follow this policy many consecutiveyears matter of market price which to use.
products several weeks earlier than: Cal- either learn wisdom We would rather have blood
mite of a large part of California; in as they by pure ,
ifornia Florida
or uthern States
experience or (fail. bone and tankage, say at $30 per ton,
the proper use of kerosene emulsionand and our market will take all that can be
sulphur. But in Southern Cali produced. And not only that, but being It is, therefore, a generally acknowledged than cottonseed meal at$25, asidefromthis
f 00 miles nearer to Chicago than fact that the pine must surplus phosphate investment, as
fornia they have tougher insects; the Los Angeles is, shipments will arrive be fertilized, and we go so far as to the tankage is more lasting than the
kerosene and resin washes though here fully twenty-four hours earlier. say that the line of true economy is meal and the blood is as quick, so that .
satisfactory, if properly used, in humid Strawbeiries: ripen .Jan. I 15: ; apricots, .not reached until you have given thepl.int there is less waste of ammonia. But
1 to 21 mulberries 14 to 20
April ; April ;
Florida, are far less so in the dry cli- figs, April 10; grapes, June 1 to 7; all the manure it can absorb and the money would go farther put into
mate of South California. Now, Mr. watermelons, etc., May 20; peaches, utilize. But the difficult problem is cottonseed meal at $20 than blood,
Coquillette, an agent of the Enlomological .June 15; pomegranates, Aug 1; limes, how to apply the manure without bone and tankage at $30.If .
Division of the Department of Sept. 5 to 10-; lemons, Sept. 15 to !2">; damage to the plants. While the pine cottonseed meal is to be useda
Agriculture, has experimented quite dates Sept. I ; oranges; Nov. 25 to Dec. will of is broadcast
plan to
1. It is admitted that fruits ripen there enjoy an amount heating and very
1 successfully with hydrocyanic acid from four to six weeks earlier than in stimulating manure, i it applied at the bone meal or flour and plow under
gas. It has been found during the any part of Californli, thus commanding root, which would burn up almost before planting to supply the lacking
past year that fumigating the trees at the very highest prices in the market; anything else, many foreign sub phosphate. Pines both while growingand
night, or in a darkened tent, the hest and the old saying that "the early bird stances, such as salts, acids, grease, frUiting require a great deal of ammonia *
catches the worm" is
equally appropriate -
results are attained, and least injury that the earliest: fruits eaten the etc., introduced into the bud in very and much economy can be ob-
of the trees sustained. The tree is public.Produce Trade Reporter. minute quantities burn and destroy it. served in supplying it. If a heavy :
covered with a tent, after which one The plant is constructed like a nat- dressing; of meal is applied after a rainso
part of dry cyanide of potassium is ural funnel to catch the dew, each that it becomes soaked and beginsto j

placed in a generator-made of lead DON'T DELAY TO concave leaf acting like a leader and decay, and then a dry spell comeson 1
in the form of a bucket-which is set conveying every particle of moisturt: three-lourths of the ammoniawill :
near the base of'the tree, two parts of Stop that cough I Else the bronchial down its length to the main stem at escape and be lost. If a very
water are then added, and lastly one tubes will be enlarged and the delicate its base, where it fills the cup of light application were made it would 1
part sulphuric acid. The bucket is tissues other of medicine the lungs is exposed to injury.No leaves about the bud ; when this cup probably be all absorbed by the soil
so speedily
then covered with a barley sack, and in throat and lung; troubles operative as gets too full the overflow trickles .and plants with but little loss. li, however -
the operator withdraws. Earth is Ayer's Cherry Pectoral. A few doses down the stem to the ground. Vegetable a long rainy time sets in, the
thrown upon the base of the tent to have been known to break np an ob- matter, as cottonseed meal, and heavy application would all be washed
prevent the escape of gas. Alter flu stinate and distressing cough. Sufferer: animal matter free from grease can be down and all absorbed by the plants.
teen minutes the tent may be removedand from asthma, bronchitis, croup, con allowed to decay in this cup and the Another way to economize ammonia
the work is done. A tree fourteen sumption, sore throat, and whooping liquid manure resulting is gradually is to apply it in several: formsof
cough find a sure relief in the use of this
feet high, with head ten feet in diam preparation. It soothes the inflamed fed to the roots of the plant wheneveran different degrees of solubility.Thus .
eter, requires 534 ounces by weight of mem- brand, pro- abundance of moisture causes an blood decays: immediately ands ,
cyanide, 11 fluid ounces of water and motes expectoration, ao.llo. overflow. The intense heat producedby absorbed or lost at once, while t
534 fluid ounces of sulphuric acid, all duces repose. Don't be with- this decomposition seldom injuresthe tankage decompcses mo e slowly and
:costing'less than twenty five cents. I Hurt's out it in the Va.house. Sallie" E. Stone plant, while a single pinch of salt .he sudden dry spell would be likely
store, ,writes: I have found
have no hesitation in recommendingthis in my family,that Ayer's Cherry Pecto- or a drop of oil would destroy the only to preserve it until another rain
treatment even where large or- ral was always a certain cure for colds center of growth completely. Most occurred to finish its decomposition.The .
chards are infested by surface feeding and coughs." commercial manures contain some fertilizer drill could better be used,

insects.-PRoF. C. V. RILEY, U. S. "Five years ago I had a constant harmful substance and cannot be applied we think, to apply meal to young
Entomologist. cough, night sweats, was greatly reduced with any degree of safety by hand. plants where it can be used without
... irr flesh,and had been given up by
Various home-made machines are difficulty, and by burying every bit ,
my physicians. I began to take Ayer'sCherry
An Orange Peeler. Pectoral and was completely being used modeled on the general would economize a great deal of waste

This ingenious invention removes cured."-Anga; A.Lewis,Ricard,N.Y. plan of the seed drills and wheel hoesto the extent of which few growers real- :
the' 'coat without cutting the inner apply fertilizer in the soil about the ize. Stable manure if obtainable introduces -

skin. It is claimed that 1,000 oranges Ajer'sCherryPectoralPrrparcd plants. But the most perfect of theseare too many weed seeds, aqd
be peeled without soiling finger cumbersome, unwieldy affairs and cow-penning has the same drawback.
may bt Dr.J.C.A yo r Si Co.,J Lowell M UI.

,<-?glove i- w or losing,>Oi.J' _, a'_,drop i,,- of-j juice.'. Sold by all Dnif&UU. Price$1; six bottle" ', .. do considerable damage to the plants JOHN, B. BEACH;

,-. :.,.... '




FJ1l\4El\]' { TleEl( the Gloucester (Eng ) Chronicle says: other words, in her burning sands and would readily break down the dead
"An arithmetico-medical gardenerhas hot sunshine, Florida will raise her and brittle stalks and cover the oats

I Editorial Notes.! by the aid of logarithms, made a best crops underground. It is goodall in the moist mellow soil in such fash-
calculation which shows that if a man the year round (see Mr. Fisher's ion that the farmer could hardly fail
STRA WBERRIES-Northern writersare predisposed to jaundice or other formsof letter, Jan. 28)). of securing a good stand. If the beg
: advising the growers to apply soda bilious complaint deliberately eatsa gar-weed had been harrowed down
to their plants, and in that latitude bushel of these arsenically reared Crab Grass for Hay.A before the oats were sowed the ground
early in the spring it will answer; but apples at one sitting, he will have a farmer' in Mobile county, Alabama would have peen rendered less friable
we strongly advise against it here with good chance of ending his days by writes to a Northern paper : and the "catch" and the consequentstand"
the plants already full of blossoms and poison, if he does not explode like a Everywhere you will find this crab would not have been so good.
fruit. A small amount of a complete cider cask beforehand. The gardener grass. A general yield is one ton per There is hardly anything known to
fertilizer, say a heaping" spoonful to himself ate a considerable quantity of acre; with fertilizers, doubled and us which argues more favorably for
each plant, applied now, will pay all the fruit and still survives; but then trebled. This spring I had a field in agriculture and stock breeding in
expenses and a good deal more, it the he apologetically explains that this strawberries; could not renew it for Florida than the spread of beggar-
plants are good ones. Now is a good proves nothing because it is difficultto want of labor; leaf stems stood about weed and cassava-the first to store
time to set a bed or two of plants and kill a horticulturist. It is well four inches h gh, leaves small; plowed up and enrich the light sandy soils
cultivate and keep the bloom all picked known that in the south of France between rows; selected a threateningday with nitrogen; the other to furnish in
off in order to grow a crop of vigorous poisonous ingredients are used on vinesto for rain ; applied by hand, under the most easily grown and abundant
runners for next fall's planting. If the but nobodyever form an admirable stock feed.-ED.
destroy phylloxera, and over the leaves, 1,000 pounds ot
required to produce fruit and runners heard of who eats
any one grapes cottonseed meal per acre. It rained
both, the plants will not do good and dying in consequence, nor even of a before we got through, but finishedthe
paying work in either direction. devourer of escargots, which feed on sowing in the rain. Result, we Tobacco.Tobacco .

CONDITIONS FOR IRISH POTATOES.- the vine leaves, having a headache hid an extra fine crop of fruit. www
The Alabama Experiment Station after a meal of these un-English dain In July I cut from this, of crab From Gulf Hammook.
found last year that the Peerless potato ties." grass, two tons of dried hay to the The growers at Gulf Hammock,
yielded 207 bushels per acre with TOMATOES ALL Su>tiisER.We acre, and the latter part of Septemberone through Mr. L. Q. Kermode, sent us
flat culture, 277 with a flat or half-bed hope everyone read the letter of our and a half tons to the acre. Fin- a number of specimens of their to-
and 253 with a full bed. The soil was correspondent, Mr. Sherman Adams, ished gathering our egg plants August bacco and some cigars extemporizedby
sandy and dry. Bed culture is favorable published under this heading on the loth; first gathered June 9th. Applied I themselves, as a sample of their .
- to the development of the tuber editorial page, Dec. 31, 1891. If not,. to these, egg-plants being gross smoking qualities. Both the raw to-
if. the season is reasonably moist and they should turn back and read it. feeders, 1,500 pounds cottonseedmeal baccos and the cigars show great
the soil is fertile enough; to make a The secret of his success was simply 250 pounds bone meal and 250 inequality, as might be expected from
copious growth of foliage to shade the underdramage as a protection ;againstthe pounds dissolved bone, applied at the work of novices. We will notice
bed. It the foliage is scant the sun excessive rainfall and blight of the 'our several times. From this lnd I the samples briefly in detail :
will heat the bed through and the po midsummer rainy season. Perhapsthe with the tramping, pulling up of dead I. Manicaragua, 1891, filters, from
tatoes will begin to rot before digging best way to support tomato plantsin plants, etc., I cut three and a half W. H. Kempton and T. C. Stanley.A .
time. The half bed gave better results garden culture is by means of tons of hay to the acre. Fertilizersdid bright and lively leaf, somewhat
than the full bed because the latter bushes four or five feet high, from it.Had. spotted; color light, flavor mild.
shed the rain off too much; potatoes which all the branches have been cutoff a large lot of different varietiesof 2. 1891, wrappers, from same. A
need plenty of moisture. Flat culture leaving stubs a few inches. long. pepper plants ; had to keep them beautiful hand, well cured; style and
has been found best by some of the The branches of the plant can be clear by cultivator and hoe; manuredsame texture admirable, elastic and silky;

most intelligent Florida growers when lopped over these stubs in such a wayas as egg-plants. Not one.spear of flavor weak.
the proper precautions are taken to to require little tying, and whatever crab grass came to hay, but had the 3. 1891, binders, from the same.
keep the seed from rotting and to strings are used will not slip down as same amount of tonnage of Mexican Very nice tobacco, cured clean and
provide trash of some kind in the they would on a straight stake. These clover, showing that it must not be bright but rather deficient in flavor.
supporters should be planted firmly disturbed from its first growth. A 4. Vuelta Abajo (Quincy), 1891,
hill.USE OF RAW PHOSPHATE. Flor with a crow-bar or a wooden stake field cured without rain makes a fine, wrappers, from L. Q. Kermode.
ida correspondent of the Country when the tomato plant is set or very bright, clean green hay when baled, Leaves smaller than the above; fiber
Gentleman asked for information, and soon after, as we do with lima bean but if it gets one shower of rain it is not quite-so tough and smooth in appearance -
that journal submitted the question to poles. blackened. If over-sweated in tramp- ; flavor better.
cock it will blacken. The 5. Fillers, from same. About: the
a chemical expert, who replied in BEDDING SWEET POTATOES.The or mow, t
part: Alabama Experiment Station found rain does not lessen its feeding quali same as the wrappers, only smaller

"There is good reason to believe that "draws" from large potatoesyielded ties, as cattle and horses eat it just as leaves.
6. Cuban seed, 1891, from L. Q.
that of these mineral bushels while well as when perfectly green, but
any phosphateswill 136 per acre,
KermoJe. Fiber fine thin and
when in this state it i's market very
become= assimilable much more those from small ones yielded only 98 s
soft like tissue but
rapidly in a soil rich in humus, if the bushels. The potatoes should always value, more or less, according to paper, fairly
:soil is kept well stirred to expose it be split and laid in the bed with the color. When put in in ten.ton lots it lough; flavor, as determined by the
aroma, tolerably good.
freely to the air and promote oxidation flit sides down; then when the plants will ferment more or less, even when
Wrappers, No. 2 from L. Q.
and consequent liberation of carbonic are pulled loose from them the pieces perfectly dry, but when sweated in
and other acids, with their notable will not be disturbed, and plants too tramp cocks the best plan is to bale at Kermode. Leaves of a firm, strong
texture, good body, well grown, ripe,
for of lime. the time will once.
solvent small
power phosphate to pull at go on
I--4 rich and a fine hand,
gummy; very
'There is little doubt furnish second installment. In
also, that and a Florida's Tall Clover. holding its good qualities tenaciouslyin
ashes will be better to use with the fact, the pieces will yield a second edi
When the waggish agricultural a dry room. Quality best.Ve
phosphate than German potash salts; crop of sprouts; but only the most
tor of the Marion Free Press saw the submitted this sample to a veteran
salts would have little sol of these will be worth
these very vigorous plant
president of the Florida Slate Alliance grower and dealer from Pennsylvaniaand
vent action, while the ashes might ing. The should be beddedat
sowing oats on horseback, he was disposed he was well pleased with it. Cigars:
have much on the phosphate. The least six inches deep; this will give
to make merry at that dignitary's marked No. 2 (presumably made from
ashes would also be far better in com plants long enough to live through the
expense. The circumstancewas this variety) the best of the lot.
" posting. In fact, probably much the customary spring drouth, while short
creditable to the practical farm 8. Fillers. No. 2.same, as above.
better way to use the phosphate wouldbe plants will dry out in the hill or barely
sense of Mr. "Baskin, and also to the 9. A hand from Sumatra seed,
to compost it first with muck and live through to the rainy season and be
much misrepresented quality of"Flor (plants from seedbed) from L. Q.
. ashes. practically worthless. ida sand." He was sowing oats in Kermode. Leaves fine and silky but

USE OF PARIS GREEN.-We doubt CASSAVA.-We earnestly hope that this manner simply to get above the rather vapid.
l if anybody ever knew an authenticatedcase every reader who has any live stock or dead tops of the beggar weed or F.or 10. Fillers, from H. J. Watkins.
where persons were poisoned by fowls, will try a few rows of cassava ida clover, which belongs as truly to Leaves rather dull and lustreless in
eating fruit or vegetables on which this spring We have been experi- the legumes as the Northern red appearance, but of a fairly good fiber.
p insecticides had been employed. menting with it this winter in feedinga clover does. He had allowed it to and good flavor.

,. Tnere is much more danger of injur cow, and shall plant a patch. In grow unrestrained last summer and I I. Samples of cigars. These were
ing the plant when young and tender our opinion-and we have been ob ,tall; it shaded and enriched the ground also very unequal in quality; none of
t than t1" ere is in poisoning the con serving it for some years among our i which was rendered friable by its them comparing with the Havana article
sumer of the product after it has been neighbors-it is destined to do more abundant root-growth and decay-an in that pungency which the
weather-beaten for months. Aproposof toward solving the milk and ege ques almost perfect feed bed for the recep American national taste demands.No. .
the new scare in England about tion on the light pine lands ot Florida tion of the oats. When these were 2, as above" noted, very goodto -
.American applet sprayed with arsenic, than any other single product. In sown a span of horses and a harrow our individual taste-mild, but of a



rich and deep aromi; with a clear, that no space was left under the boards Poultry f MOISTURE.To .

bright, even burn and a lasting glo v; next to the ground. We then moisture can be attributed more

ash hard and white flaking ...... ....
very nearly stretched a canvass made of cheesecloth failures than from any one cause. A

a little at the tip. Others in the which cost us from two to three I Edited by E. W. AMSDEN, Ormond, Fla. proper amount is as necessary as a

lot were toberably bad, not rank but cents per yard by the bolt, tacking it of Incubators. proper amount of heat, and the only

the reverse; "off" in flavor-no flavorat all around to the plank, using small Management absolute test is the size of the air cell

all to speak of; evidently made nails or large sized tacks, and throughthe With four years' experience in the in the large end of the egg, or some

from dry, papery, characterless tobacco middle of the bed we stuck up use of incubators of various makes: times found a little to one side. This

grown where there wis an excess of forked sticks as high as the plankswere we will venture a few suggestions in cell should fill one-fourth to one fifth

vegetable matter in the soil, too much wide, to keep the canvass from handling them in Florida. We are in of the shell at the pipping stage. It

carbon and not enough potash, probe bagging in the middle and getting in is suggested'that to be accurate in this

ably.-ED. the bed. This canvass will last two favor of hot air machines, first, because you should set a hen. at the same time

F or three seasons. Now, if your people there are no tanks to rust out, you do the incubator and examine and

Tobacco Land. will try this I will assure them the and perhaps spring a leak in the mid compare the eggs on the 5th, loth,

A Bradford county planter writes in bugs will never eat up their plants, dle of a hatch and cause a good deal ith and 18th days, and you will soon

The Telegraph : "A good many of and the canvass will force the plants get familiar with the amount of air
of trouble if not the loss of all the
our farmers are in doubt whetherit and make them from two to three space necessary and can regulate the

would pay them to plant tobacco, weeks earlier, and will also be a protection the eggs in the machine. Second, moisture accordingly. If your eggs

thinking that their lands are too low. against the cold. But this when a large body of hot water is are drying up too fast (indicated by

However this supposition may standin canvass should be taken off some three used it is almost impossible to keep air cell enlarging too rapidly) add

regard to the common coarse kinds, weeks before the plants are trans the heat low enough during our warm moisture; if not enlarging enough,

all planters agree that for Cuba tobacco planted to give them a chance to weather in April and May without too give more ventilation and less or no

no lands capable of yielding good harden up. much ventilation and consequent loss moisture at all. The greater the

crops of corn and cotton are too low. of moisture. With hot air you have amount of air passing through the

In fact, the tobacco crop, if planterin Live the heat under control and it can be machine and over the eggs, the more

time, should have been housed be. toCk. regulated much easier. moisture will be carried out and vice

fore the rainy season begins. It is STARTING A MACHINE.If versa. After the bird pips, and some

generally conceded that low lands Sheep on the Farm.A times twelve hours before, it enlargesand
a novice run the ma.
well drained are the best for Cuban South Carolinian writing to you are no air space can be seen. Thick
chine three or four days empty and
tobacco. and thin-shelled should not be
Southern Cultivator, says : "I would see how near you can keep the there eggs
"But as tobacco pushes its roots set at the same time; the thin shells
rather farm without hired labor than mometer to At the beginningof
down while the thick
rather deep into the soil, attention dry rapidly,
hatch the machine should be
must be paid to subsoil when the land without sheep. One of the experi every shells are slow about it.
until the thermometer
for its cultivation is selected. Spots ment stations has recently found that run empty COOLING AND TURNING EGGS.
reaches that point and the regulator
that have been heavily timbered or 1,000 pounds live weight .of well fed discharges the surplus heat. You are Turn the eggs every twelve hours,
which in their wild state bore a thick beginning the second day and discontinue
sheep makes $38 worth of manure now ready to put the eggs in. It is
of rooted have the
growth deep vegetation on eighteenth day. Begin
yearly. This is about $3.80 a head presumed they are laid on the tray in
generally good subsoil; so also have cooling the eggs on the fourth day,
with the ends all
places where beggar weed, tea weed, for good average sheep. If, therefore, rows little elevated.large If the machine one way, gradually at first, and increasing the

Jerusalem oak and cnckleburs! grow.A I never sell lamb or a pound of W J.ol, a is time as the hatch progresses. Never
automatic safe to leave the
sub-s'ratum of white sand immedi I can afford to keep sheep and give you are cool below 85. Do not remove the
machine for six hours
ately below the surface soil is deleterious them good care and good feed, and or longer, un eggs from the machine to cool, and
is for it
less weather
the quite warm
to this crop. make a big profit on them providedalwa : discontinue on the eighteenth day. On
will that of time to heat
"The tobacco crop, to be a suc >s that I save all the manure. require length the sixteenth and seventeenth days let
the and it be
cess, must grow off fast. For this "The best way to save all the ma- hours eggs before through the thermometer may 24 the cooling process last from cne to
reason it must be well fertilized in or nure from any stock is to pen them two hours. Give plenty of moisture
If at that time it has not
der to have its nourishments within where you want the manure on your 103 while hatching and do not open the
confine heat
reached that
easy reach of the roots from trans land. To do this easily and cheaply point more incubator doors after the eggs begin to
until the thermometer shows
planting to harvesting. It should you want a movable fence. After 103 deg. pip until all are hatched, which will be
and this is the heat. You will
preferably be put on land well-en much hunting and reading I have hit proper on the night of the twenty first day if
have trouble
no to keep an even temperature -
riched the year before, as then the upon the following, which any farmercan until the tenth twelfth the heat has been kept up to 103; if
sub-soil has had time to improve and make at a nominal cost: The not, it will retard the hatch perhaps
when life in the ; will
still retains much fertility. If a plot materials used are barbed wire and day self-heat, and the eggs regulator gener will twenty-four hours, or longer. We
of land that would otherwise fill the staples and wire nails. These you this .have said a good deal on the subject,
have be
bill has not been well manured within must buy. Then, if there is a sawmill to adjusted to overcome ; and yet not half has been said that
but be and that have the
the last two or three years, planting it within reach, go there when they are sure see you could be and not exhaust the subject. ,
in tobacco should be deferred until edging up lumber and they will give up to 103 on heat day, Artificial hatching is becoming more
and if after that the runs to
the following year, and in the mean vou the slats to save trouble of burn-' up and more popular; there are constant
do it lower
time the plot should be enriched and ing them. Saw them up four or four it 105 not regulate from the to chicks run breaking as improvements in machines as wtll as

made to produce heavy crop of field and one-half feet long, and make only the comes shell. This is applicable tohens' operators. E. W. AMSDEN.

The latter is the panels fifteen or eighteen feet long by > m i
peas. by ,
crop way eggs;duck eggs require less heat; "I always let a cold go a*it comes"-one says;
the most suitable to precede tobacco, nailing these slats to your wire with which means that he overworks the system in
inches run the machine at 102 or anywhere getting rid of a cold: rather than assist it by usingDr.
both because it adds! so much vege your staples, say four apart. between and but hens' Bull's Cough Syrup. Price 25 cent
100 ,
table matter to the soil, a's well as the Put on three of the slats as braces. 103 eggs .. .
will hatch well if the thermometer
: occasionally
important benefit derived from the using wire nails and clinching them. For many years cotton planters have

channels the decayed deep-going roots Let the ends of your wires exend: two reaches 105. used more commercial fertilizers than

leave as easy paths for the tender to beet beyond last slat nailed on, and VENTILATION.First all other farmers combined. This

bacco roots to follow. when you put the panels up to posts. see that your incubator room year they will hold up in their pur-

"Barnyard manure, supplementedwith wrap these ends around posts. Thisis is well ventilated and free from foul chases, as this last year's crop has not

some good commercial fertilizer, easier to do than to nail them, and odor of all kind. If you smoke leave brought them enough to pay th, ir

is the best. If the first cannot be had, easier to take down. Cut cypress or your tobacco outside if you have occa phosphate bills. It is likely that

ground cottonseed is probably the poplar posts. Sharpen ends and plant sion to enter the incubating room, for No them farmers will use more com

best. At any rate, fertilizers contain rather firmly, to fit length of panel. tobacco is injurious to hatching eggs. mercial fertilizers in 1892 than they

ing much salt-as kainit and muriate This fence can be moved from one The egg chamber should smell sweetat have for several years past. Grain

and sulphate of. pet sh-should be plot to one adjoining in about half an all times. If you detect a foul odor prices are now relatively higher than

avoided, as the salt retards the curingof hour, and will hold any kind of stock. when you open the door of the incubator those for cotton.CURE.

the leaf and makes the cigar burn One man can carry it, though two find the cause at once and remove -

too slow." can handle it more easily. it. You can detect a bad egg I FITS !

.-.-4- "If you will make a pen, say 100 by running your nose over the egg.
To Suppres the Fl-a Beetle. feet square, and put 100 sheep in it at Carelessness in ventilation is the Wbe:1II1: care I do cot mean merely to atop I them
for a&B9 and then hire them return aa1n. mew a
An old Tennessee planter writes to night 'for a week, then move it, you cause of many a poor hatch. Too radical errs. I hare'm.de tha d seise of FITS. EPILEPSY

the Floridian from Orlando : As will have it rich for five years. You much ventilation will dry up the egg warrant: or lay lI'ALLL'remedy G to cars.'the;:: worst 3aliJe-tontady.eases. Baraose I

' .; soon as the bed was sowed we tookp will thus manure about an acre in a and too little will cause the chick to others hire failed ij BO reason for not now receirlaz: a

plank from six to eight inches wide month as well as a ton and a half of die in the shell, or if it does hatch it xnj care.infallible Send at remedy.ores for Cite a treatise Express and and a Free Port Butte Office.H. .of

and put around the bed, taking care i fertilizer would do it." will be weak. G. HOOT, 31. C-, 183 Pearl St.i Y. V.FXDnUARY .

ti -.. .




I '
CONTENTS. | well enough for Southern:: farmers to Fast Orange Trains. I commercial manures would hardly be

0 RO TI AID OB.nlAIIDThe. t otaAh Went Into the bear these facts in mind, but they The G. S. & F. Railroad accepted by a majority: of the fore-
Fruit; A Me-iac t> th," orange Industry;
Seedless Fruits; Orange Runt-No.h. 103 will know how to accept at its full pany are doing the growers a real most growers of Florida; on page 141,
Best Peas for he South Pelalr Premium
Lemon;Good Planting;SomeStrlctores; 101 value the disinterested (?) sugges- vice in running solid orange trains ; his expressed preference for water

The nia'Ga Dangerous*Treatment Rival:An;Orange. .feeler. ;Califor. 105 tions as to the culture of tobacco the North in very quick time.: transportation over rail does not accord -

THE FARMER PntitBT AID-Pineapple TRICKEB-Culture Editorial-No.Notes 6; .: Crab. 105 (which will compete with the Connect- Macon Telegraph reports one train with the almost universal testimony -

ura&s for Ran Florida's Tall rlover; 1"6TOBACCO of orange receivers in the
icut and Pennsylvania leaf) and cot having left PAlatka Thursday night
-Tob.ceo From Gulf Hammock: 103
luuaccoLand; 107 and in New North and again on his
o'clock ,
ton (which will compete nothingin 6 arriving ; page 151,
LIVESTOCK-Sheep on the Farm; 107
PorLTR'-Management of Incubator: 1U7lUTuRUL that section). Monday morning at 4 o'clock- recommendation of lime is good J, but
!: ->otr.; The John G. Christopher;
Strawberry ila'e Ordered Dowu; set orange I : 1,300 miles.in 82 hours, or nearly potash would be better.
Train; Handbook on Orange Culture -
108 The John G. Christopher.Over .
; teen miles an hour. There is We have noted these few points ina
MARKETS-Auction Sales; JOS
For Florida Produce: 109 20,000 boxes were receivedfor great gain in the condition of hasty glance into the book, but they
(va: YOUHO' FOLKS-A Faint j that All Talked at the steamship John G. Christopher '
Once; 110 oranges over the average time, do not change the opinion we have
THE: WEATHER-Where Shall the Thermometerbe for her first trip, but as she was delayed entertained of it that it is
Placed? 110 six day; or a week, but there is always a
OUR KUKAL HOME More Culture and Less Craoi owing to the inability of the valuable for the novice giving
the guide
I important gain to ,
mlng About ur Beds; how to *n w Pinks; very growers
How to Ship Orange Blossoms Orange Kec.- builders finish her at the time agreed
; to
pea 111 the establishment of a custom and him that primary and elementary in-

GOOD Germicide HEALTH-owiauou Hunger;and loPieveui Infection Sour; Nature's Slum- t upon, she arrived here four days late, precedent. It has taken the struction which he requires, in a sim

ach;" 111 and her Mr.\ Christopher
manager which will stimulate him
THE FARMERS ALLIANCE-Notes: The Sup-erne a long time to wake up to the ple phrasing
U. of Florida and 1,1 Mann of Doing the other lines all the
urt r forwarded by
where the search for
Business; Per Capita Wealth; Alliance Lan tance of the orange traffic, but in this pursuit,

A at Tobaec Cnautauqua.Trust;;All Farmers. Should. Belong. to 112 fruit possible except some that the that the example of the swift this class of information in a more

.the Chaw Alliance" ; .Quite.Correct. ; Lid. Yuu. fcver. 113 owners ordered to be held for her. trains has been once set, the learned, scientific treatise might repel

STATE NEWS Item;Soft Phosphate; Report California I The steamer arrived in New Yorkon
Fruit Union for Sets -n 1891; 114 has taken a long stride forward, and dishearten him.
time there the latter of
reaching part
revolutions back.
STEPHEN: POWERS. Editor.P. never go
O.Address, Fla. the week, and the fruit was sold on a
Lawtey The G. S. & F. orange rate JVEar] \ets.AOUTION .

The Satsuma slack.Saturday's market, but realizedon Palatka to Philadelphia is 51 cents; .........,..- - -- -
trees were not injuredin fcGGSisTSgobel
an within 10 cents a box
average New York, 53 cents ; to Boston,
Louisiana and lower.
by 21 even of the sales of the day previous. '
> cents. & Day for F. F. E., 826 boxes

The Sheriff has had the "Southern Unfortunately the weather was very Our readers should scan the ex John G. Christopher, Feb. 5 :

Produce Company" in the Tampa jail warm and sultry and hard on fruit, reports carefully, to learn by i '-= r '-= wcv1 r+ .:
'a ci
twice. His name is, Huber. especially that which had been what 0 .to> :::> to>
prices quoted routes carry 6..0 ;:: ..0 'C
.-, touched by frost. One lot of 200 and in the best condition. Z a CO Z a.'I'

The Journal of Commerce is a new odd boxes from Mandarin which wentto gc s through 7456 8 81 40 1611 3 $1"40
478 2 2 30 980 1 1 255U32
A. E. G. Bett
metropolitan venture; ," Boston the owner and shipper reports Handbook of Orange Culture. 13 1 25 5932 30 1'50

editor; J.V.. White, business man as having brought full prices.On 5923 25 135 3700 16 150
1lr.Vhite is well-known ad- ::1.00 14 1 45 1381 14 1 50
ager. a her second trip, which she madein TREATISE AND HANDBOOK OF 1381 21 135 47 145

vertising agent, and will make a suc- 69 hours, her cargo arrived in fine CULTURE IN FLORIDA, on'I 21 135 J F 27 1 05
of this if \ J F 48 1 25 44 1 40
cess paper anybody can. AND CALIFORNIA, by Rev. T.
and sold the '
... order up to anything on 54 1 50 16 1 45
--- Moore D. D. New York: E.
36 125
market the auction sales in 33 115
as our
Last week we published in our ,
Pelton & Co., 1892. u 53 135 200 20 125

Poultry Department a notice of "an market reports show. The fourth edition of this 200 49 1 40 34 2 03
The steamer is appointed to sail .c 21 2 05 27 130
old fraud in a new dress the Mutual
revised and enlarged, is laid on 65 135 u 68 150
The from Jacksonville on Thursday the "
Poultry Company. same 16 1 45 ,
table by the publishers. Dr. \
letter, written by a lady, was offeredto 18th inst., at 8 a. m. All fruit for needs no introduction to Same, 2,400 boxes ex Kansas City,
Feb. 5
us twice and "declined with her should not arrive later than :
who have lived in the State a 5845 10 150 381 27 140
thanks." Wednesday night. See advertise- be H 18 1 50 7104 17 160
but there
.4 ment. years; may many 5305 25 1 70 5070 6 2 05

Our venerable contemporary, the ..*_ comers who are not yet familiar 5063 18 1 50 3061 27 2 10

. Floridian, says to the white men of Strawberry Rates Ordered Down. his venerable figure, his ::1061 27 2 35 7522 10 1 40
4829 19 145 4829 31 130
Leon county, "you know the only The Interstate Commerce Commis- philanthropy, his kindly, 1161 26 1 33 3200 27 1 30

real farming population of this countyis sion has a second time shown its manners. He is truly the 4299 24 1 15 4299 27 1 45
4304 28 145 4893 31 125
rapidly leaving us. Now let us roll friendly interest in the Florida growers of the orange industry in this 4385 20 105 4385 21 130

up our sleeves and go toan immigration ; but the decision has an ancient and he has been unwearied in his u 21 1 10 15 1 20
u 34 135 2564 30 135
convention." and musty odor. In the case of C. forts to assist and encourage not 2561 31 1 45 6233 7 1 60

P. Perry vs. the F. C. & P. R. R. orange growers but the rural owners 7112 3t 135' 3460 23 165
The railroads leading east from 3460 17 1'30' 379 23 1 15
and other companies, it has ordered phosphate: lands and, in fact, every 379 32 135 u 32 150
Sonthern California offered the
the rate reduced to $3.3373 per 100 serving class with whom, in his 4060 1-1 1 25 4332 12 1 15
growers a reduction from $1.25 per J 11 24 1 40 194 23 160
lbs. ($1.66 per crate) from Callahanto life, he has come in contact. 2441 6 150 3715 30 155
Ibs. to cents for fifteen
ioq 90 days, New York, and from Lawtey and his head there is fallen the snow 5490 31 130 751 26 80
to enable them to ship their frosted 751 21 1 05 35 105()
other points a corresponding reduc- never melts, after a long life 33 1 10 3948 22 1 55
fruit. The question is a pertinentone
tion. Of cpurse, these rates applyonly has literally been spent in doing 17630 135 6139 20 135
under the circumstances; if the 7201 16 110 7201 23 150
to carloads, and carloads are This book is such a one as 590 28 125 6985 18 1 30
companies could frosted
carry orangesfor carried only in refrigerator cars, and man would write. There are 2731 22 1 20 2731 33 1 50
90 cents, why could they not 1' 32 135 14 140
about of the cal inaccuracies in it which will
refrigerator cars are out 4314 8 150 4311 2-1 155 :
sound fruit at the same rate?
carry race, so far as strawberries are con escape the grower of acute 43u7 20 1 40 7480 30 1 70
m iThe
7450 29' 1 35 580"3 17 135
Northern farm journals remarkon cerned. Strawberrie are now grownat tion and modern practice; yet it 1063 15 1 40 6852 24 1 20
*the exhaustive nature of tobacco. so many points over the State that tains, in terse, pure English, the 6852 35 140 16 1.20-
h 25 140 2342 6 145A ,
as\a crop and the expense of tobacco a refrigerator carload cannot be got body of average knowledge and N :M 16 1 45 24t4; 34135-

barns, and advise Southern plantersnot ten together in good condition. The age experience (in Florida), and 3StO 32 145 3891 20 1.30

to be rash in quitting a crop mountain has travailed and brought whole set forth in such a simple, 781 7261)) 23 9 1 140 30 5898 754 20 11 1 150 25

(cotton) with whose culture they are forth a mouse. A measure of practical ly way, that everybody who 4626 24 1 15 4626 39 1"40 1
49. tJ 5 1 45, 7416 44 1 25 .
familiar to enter upon one with which relief must deal with "pony" refrigerators cannot fail to be interested. Th 7416 52 1 301. u. 451 1.0. ,

they' re't w unacquainted:: It* is and express shipments: on page 97, Dr. Moore's views' u 30 120 u 69 1 30108t1






7416 77 150 13 145 Blake & Ripley, for F. F. E.. ex City 1180 56 2 10 1180 33 1 80 ly. The range of prices for assorted sizes

,6318 96 90 6.118 51 120 of Savannah, .Feb. 4 (average 157): 1180 25 170 1180 33 165 was as follows:

22 85 1-1: 1 10 1\1\ LG 18 1.62 7501 15 1.62 2728 8 t 12 2339 5 1 50 2.00

u 25 1 25 6746 7 1 23 396 4 1.50 3:175: 22 1.73 381 21 1 45 381 23& 1 70 Bright average 4.00 ; russets, 1.80;
Tangerines, per case. Brights, DCs,
4292 23 125 4292 22 105 6202 3 1.37 3443 23 1.50 ::5846 25 1 50 5846 17 1 75
1.23 to 1.50 do., 126s, 1.50 to 1.65 do.
; ; ,
u 25 125 8 2 15 7362 31. t.a5 7026 2 6347 5
1.75 162 5874 22 155
150s 1.75 to 1.90 do. 176s to 2163 2.00
; ,
6318 4 1 60 4226 4 1 10 383 31 1.30 884 17 28
2.00 4297 2 25 t69; 16 1 62 to 2.15; russets, 963, 1.25 to 1.33; do.,
6746 1 1 10 5791 25 1.55 3988 25 1.37 869 39 1 62 1207 20 2 93
126s J.40 to 1.5015Os,1.65; to 1.75;do.,176a::
Same boxes Tallahassee 6120 4 bIs 2.75 7191 35 1.40 4117 14 137 7362 10 16.1
1,800 ex to 216s, 1.75 to 1.90; grape fruit,.2.00to
Feb. 4 : 7191 5 3.12 4940 2.1 1.45 540 27 1 37 3685; 10 3 50 2.25; Tangerines, hf cases, 2.50 to 3.00;

5805 25 $1 80 5805 25 $1 45 2752 24 1.55 1207 10 hf 3.75 S 17 1 75 1991 7 1 50 California Navels 2.75 to 3.50; do. Seed-

3188 7 1 30 5693 17 1 15 7185 10 1.50 1838 15 1.62 S40 22 1 53 6969 11 1 62 lings, 1.75 to 2.00; Valencia cases, only

5693 23 1 55 3090 44 163 2892 12 1.62 6.157 13 1.37 1252 12 3 25 6375 21 1 62 fair, 3.00 to 3.50.
7029 10 1.37 2484 36 1.3.1 6375 15 1 62 1150 11 2 37
7549 28 155 2357 16 130 In a small way from store and in fill-
2857 32 160 2857 34 160 24a2 26 1.40 L Bras 7 1.37 (j.j10 25 162 4973 3 187 ling orders a shade over given quotations

2857 20 130 2857 3.5 160 2432 34 1.70 5846 30 1.50 3000 7 1 37 2809 12 2 37 i i is obtained. M. GEORGE & Co.

2857 33 1 60 3805 28 1 25 5846 10 1.62 S6 5 3.75 3J16 11 150 3U16 9 212

3805 42 1 75 5427 39 1 30 347 26 hf 2.12 7567 9 1.37 7023 15 1 50 4581' 19 1 62

5427 28 130 4026 20 135 7.167 3 hl 1.75 3600 10 1.50 500: 20 1 9.3 m.i21. 19 2 25 NEW YORK, Feb. 9.

1207 20 1.25 1207 24 1.05 J 21 135 1772 22 162
3781 14 1 35 5670 22 1 75 Special to FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER:
3985 4 3.GO 3935 1 1.12 5427 8 3 00 7560 22 1 40
781 19 1 2.5 781 26 1 55 Arrivals very light; look for better
869 16 1.50 869 24 1.55 7560 20 1 62 7560 41 2 00
5199 17 170 3526 140 prices; prospect bright. Bright
2787 22 1.40 27'87 32 1.62 7560 17 175 2066 34 140 grapefruit
6765 12 1 50 5188 23 135 is in demand and will realize good
2887 31 1.w 3443 23 1.5 2066 32 160 2066 51 140
1765 15 1 35 1765 30 1 50 prices. Tangerines are very scarce, sell
5532 20 150 3523 2.5: 145 4J49! 30 1.55 4949 32 2.00 2066 8 2 87 37 4 1 75 ing from 5.00 to 5.55;: for boxes and 2.50
4949 M 2.20 4949 24 1.45 3103 13 1 75 798 20 1 50
3890 31 155 3891 16 1 4037d9 to :3.00 for half boxes.
4949 37 1.8: 4949 13 1.62 798 2U 1 85;: 6105 5 1 50 E.
22 1 20 3789 34 1 55 L. GOODSELL.
8890 20 1.30 3890 18 1.6 63.30 10 137 7322 10 150
1772 24 1 50 1772 36 1 40
3890 7 2.75 3911 20 1.45 6709 31 1 45 4940 19 1 62
5066 7 140 4252 22 .1 40
4505 17 1.37 4910 31 180 NEW YORK Feb. 9.
1150 24 140 1150 36 190 3137 7 1.50 4938 30 165 ,

6318 29 1 10 6318 19 1 25 1180 29 1.37 5846 18 1.50 3218 10 1 75 1217 11 2 87 Special to the Times-Union.
7472 17 1.37 7472 38 1.85 2629 11 1 75;: 2629 1 3 2.1
4297 22 1 75 4297 17 2 00 String beans, choice, 4.00; poor, 2.00;
7472 17 1..17: 5067 27 185 6501
7472 45 1.50 22 140
2627 {0) 145 478 2 170 oranges, fancy Indian Rivers.2.50 to 3.00;
7472 69 1.50 2809 10 hl 2.12 5681 5 3 37 6J11 8 1 50
930 2 1 50 5932 30 135 second quality, 1.50 to 2.00; other sec-
3437 37 1.75 MOW\ 18 1.87 6870 10 2 25 5549 12 1 62
5932 55 1 20 1381 36 1 40 tions, bnghts, 1.75 to 2; russets; 1.50 to
7461 10 1.50 21 2331 30 1 75 29'
483.1 l.O) 2331 1 70
1381 27 1 60 1381 12 1 40 1.75. Common lower. Market improving -
3701 26 1.65 4970 35 1.50 5147 23;: 1 50 5121 16 1 62 little
24 130 OLIVIT
2437 2437 24 140 a now. BROS.
346 23 1.45 346 57 1.60 1061 15 1 t'2 532: 14 1 50
631 10 140 4037 17 155:
70.11 8 1.50 36U6 12 J.50 5">32 3 3 23 1705 30 1 55;:
4037 17 165 3375 12 160
2722 12 1.37 1386 24 1.50 5883 11 150 3090 35;: 175 ST. Louis, Feb. 6.
1432 28 1 25 5660' 18 1 55
1386 20 1.75 1224 36 1.55 :3090 11 125 3307; 12 175
2066 22 140 2066 44 155!) Mexican, per box, 2.25; to'2.50; Florida
752 10 1.62 3458 12 1.75 3307 19 1 50 6415 10 1 75
958 11 210 5503 22 155 extra fancy. 2.25 to 2.75; do., bright,
1991 14 1.62 4076 25 I. 540i6 5508 25 1 55 5308: 7 1 50
2752 19 170 5549 12 150 2.00 to 2.25; do., russets; 2.00; California
11 1.62 10 6355 8 150 3928 15 162
6343 1.75
4123 10 1 85 6797 22 1 40 Navels, 3.50 to 4.00; do., Riversides, 2.25
6360 22 1.45 6360 13 346 50 165 897 2 1 50
4299 1-1: 1 65 4299 25 1 4;5 1.62 to 2.50; Messina, 300 size, 2.25 to 2.50;
.1490 16 1.50 6125 26 2 05 4383 21 1 62
7464 55
do. 200 size 2.00 2.25.;:
4292 25 1 40 4t99 0 2 60 to
6l.t45 9 1.62 5:120: 7 1.50 4383 16 175 7203 15 175 i
4292 12 2 65 4292 14 2 55
;)320 3 2.50 2564: 38 1.50 781 33 1 50 6797 19 1 62 Strawberries-Light offerings and an
E. Roberts for F. F. E., N & W. Car 6828 15 1.75 7045 7 1.62 6791 21 4 75 347 43 1 50 urgent demand at 75c to 1.00 per quart.

6382, Feb. 3 : 6398 21 1.25 6398 43 1.60 347 49 162 347 50 190 Grapes The offerings were very light

5396 6 160 1161 17 175 3543 40 1.6: 2441 25 1.60 347: 21 1 !95;: 347 48 1 30 but fully ample for the demand. Eastern

1101 11 1 60 1\1\ R1\1\ 7 1 40 52.8 20 1.55 50 :87; 1.30 347 50 165 347 30 1 60 Catawbas selling in a small way at 33 to

3988 253( 1 55 3988 20 2 05: 50 24 1.55 7112 26 1.33 347 107 162 347 95 162 40c. per 9-lb basket.

26 2 05 19 1 60 7120 12 1.50 4691 38 1.60 347 61 1 62 347 24: 1 50 Grape Fruit-The offerings were not

.. 34: 1 60 475 9 1.50 4691 34 1.55 6000 37 1.30 347 22 160 2311 17 150 large and the demand was fair at 2.50 to

5305 25 1 60 4683 3 1 40 956 20 1.30 194 40 1.55 2311 11 3 12 3734: 6 2 12 3.00 per box. P. 31.\ KIELY & Co.

175 11 135 B 4 1 50 41U5 22 1.25 410: 30 1.60 3734 6 2 50 1190 25 1 23

5680 6 165 7095 4 150 6m 13 1.37 6233 7 1.50 1190 3 2 37 1190 25 1 75;:

7026 4 175 7300 14 160 256-1 22 1.50 4567 12 1.62 1190 35 1 70 H B 25:; 1 40 MACON\ GA., Feb. 6.

3375' 36 175 4683 3. 3 10 4332 10 1.37 2441 26 1.45 H B 31 1 85 C H S 23 1 50 Oranges in good demand at 1.50 per

G. S. & F. Car 2687. 3924 15 2.23 4318 61 1.60 OIlS 9 300

393 13 1 60 393 25 1 20 2627 15 1.50 5738 37 1.35 box.New vegetables of all kinds wanted,
E. L. Goodsell, New York, Feb. 3d, i
II 29 1 55 II 24 1 55 5738 45: '1.60 5738 44 1.70 1,800 boxes 1.30 ; as none }have been received in this mar-

6902' 11 1 55 4701 4 1 60 5738 47 1.75 3216 6 1.37 average : ket yet except cabbage.

7077 21 1 6.1 7077 32 '1 65; 6015 25 1.45 7414 9 1.62 I Tangerines. . . ... . 3.50 to 5.10 MACON\ PRODUCE EXCHANGE.

31 150 2907 15 160 K 24 1.37 K 39 1.62 Tangerines, halves..1,8(" .

2835' 23 155 128 3 155; ri646 11 1.62' 5646 4 3.00 Mandarins, halves..1.00 to 1.45

6014 8 1 55 5236 20 1 60 540 37 1.50 540 13 1.75 Fancy .. .. . .. .. 1.40 to 1.70 Five miles southwest of Gainesvilleand

1531 10 1 60 J D 15 1 40 3329 15 1.50 3329 26 1.87 Bright . .. ... .. .iI;} to 1.63 bordering on the west end of

2937 30 1 40 2937 21 1 60 5574 25 1.45 20 35 1.25 Russet: .. . .. . .. . .80 to 1.00
16 180 24 155 20 31 1.80 20 28 1.37 what was Alachua lake, and may be

4349 7 1 55 2835 4 3 15 20 26 1.62 20 59 1.45 Same, Feb. 5,1 1,763 boxes,average 1.29: soon again, but is now Payne's Prai-

Barnett Bros.. for F. F. E., Car 2972, 20 26 1.50 20 139 1.62 Grape fruit .. . .. .. .1.35 to 2.00 rie, is a section of hammock land

Feb. 2; ayerage-bright SI.95, russet 20 35: 1.62 1673 49 1.37 Navels . .. . .. .. . 2.03 to 2.20 known as "the Rocky Point" region.

$1.82 : 1676 30 1.62 0 H S 5 3.12 fa cy.. . .. .. .. .. 1.90
I have taken obtain
FAW 19 1 80 FAN -6 1 '9.1 Via Clyde Line: Bright . .. .. .. .. .95: to 1.55 pains to some

1 185 16 1 75 5869 41 1.33 5869 42 1.60 Russet .. .. .1. .. .. 83 to 1.55 facts and figures in relation to it for

II I, 100 1 1 00 4110 25 1,30 4110 5 2.62 Barnett Bros., Chicago, Jan. 30, F., C. I inquiring noithern friends. A ,company

A E 1\1\ .20 225 A E 1\1\ 14 2 10 4110 47 1.50 6780 16 1.50 & P. car 3538, average, bright 1.92, rus- of eleven farmers shipped from

h 26 1 90 19 1 60 6780 9 1.62 6036 24 1.25 set 1.78; F., C. & P. car 3132, average, this. : region 01 Rocky Point last spring

II 20 2 05 20 2 05; 6056 27 1.62 6056 22 1.62 bright 1.89, russet 1.60; L. & N. car 38.000 barre of cabbige and 15,000:
20 205 11 20.1 1540 11 1.50 7261 13 1.37T
15068, average, bright 1.91 russet 1.81.F. .
24 165 20 205 4 1.33 I l\IM\ 7 1.75 & C. Fruit Auction Co., Cincinnati crates of other kinds of vegetables to

12 205 25 2 15 296 21 1.50 4136 33 1.3.1 Feb. 2, E. T., Va. and G. car 12030, northern and western markets. These

13 1 90 8 1 45 4756 19 1.87 A bright 1.30 to 2.05; russet 1.25 to 170. eleven farmers paid to the railroadsfor

16 1 93 21 1 90 AIl rail: Car 12044 damaged. E. T., V. and G. moving this freight $31,000.
II 8 1 70 2 1 90 G 26 1.35 G 40 1.60
.. car 12049 bright 1.15 to 1.75; russet 1.15 have cut and
1 1 30 G 36 2.00 G 20 1.37G to 1.65; K. C. car 7031, bright 1.45 to They pressed over 300

F. C. & P. Car 3366; ayernge-bright 51 1.55 G 51 1.70 1.60: russet 1.35 to 1.63. I tons of crab grass and beggarwced

$1.76, russet: $1.78. G 44 1.62 B 40 1.33 Philadelphia Fruit Auction Co., Feb. hay and most of them hive raised

393 13 1 93 393 36. t 60 B 51 1.G5 B 42 2.00B 3. car 2886, Creole 1.70; fancy 2.OC; corn and oats enuuh to feed their

16 185: 17 1.50 23 1.15 B 32 1.37B bright 1.15 to 1.63; russet 1.15 to 1.55. stock for a year to come.'hite labor
53 1.55 B 3.1 1.65B
7 160. 8 180 i
now almost exclusively employed
43 1.62 20 23
1.)51 CHICAGO, Feb. 9.
5 2 15 15 1 85:
because have off
20 22 1.62 20 20 2.0.1 negroes gone
24 165 20 1.53 Special to FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER:
20 36 135 20 8.1 1.5; to phosphate mines, being enticed by
1 105 4668 4 180 Choice Floridas by the car. mixed sizes,
20 68 1.80 2442 39 1.50
4668 20 1 80 It 16 2 10 held at 1.90 per box and 1.75 bid. I higher wages. Tnese farmers say
2442 1.90 2442 33 1.3
833 15 170 833 15 175 Bulk stock, common, received a few they find white labor cheaper, more
2442 21 1.93.
., 17 1 65 7077 18 1 75 days ago. has been put in barrels,and isI careful and altogether more satisfac
7077 25 2 10 13 1 85 Blake & Ripley for F. F. E., Feb. 8. being offered at 2.00 per barrel, with

9' 1 6j 16 18.5 2.700 boxes ; average $1.68. sales reported as slow. tory.-Sun. .

26'185 19 190 1180 46 1 55 1180 43 t 55 Supply of California oranges is moder- Weak Stomach 5trengthcnedbyBzzCnm'sPlcrs. -

u 1 1 75 750 18 165 1180 44 2 20 1lS0 20' 2 20 ate, and they are reported as selling fair-,. .




Our Y oun Fol s. with a good-natured smile; "you all hada NEW KODAKS. as to be exposed to a free circulationof

great deal'to say, and were bent on the atmosphere uninfluenced by the

saying it, all at once; I thought I would direct rays of the sun or any reflectedor
A Family That All Talked at Once. keep still until the shower was over, and
heat.Vere all
all in the in the meantime a grain of fact mightbe radiated persons
They were sitting library
after dinner, and they were all talking at evolved out of it; but there wasn't." You press the using thermometers to adopt a stan-

once, as the Edwards family were in- "Howard always waits until there is dard make of instruments, and coulda

clined to be. *'I don't see why we always clear sailing," said Lora. "I've noticed 'JhlbNii but/elf J uniform exposure be agreed upon

have so much more to say than other that he is the only one in our family whoisn't and used by all, we should not hearso

people seem to," Lora Edwards had once apparantly burning to speak at the" we do the rest. much complaint about the
else is.
shouts same moment when some one I
all into of
remarked, setting them And when he does speak it is to the i differences in the results obtained.
laughter. was not talking:
head was bent low over a Latin diction- point," said Uncle Edward. "Much I'' SenD Sew ALL Mcs LOA UKn and WITII Sizes Transparent Films. Until this can be brought about, all

ary. They were waiting for some of the obliged, my boy; you have saved me a For sale by all Photo. Stock Dealers.l comparisons of temperature records
in the effort to follow
family because they always gathered at bewildering tramp less
the directions of these voluble THEEASTMANCJMPANRt must necessarily more or un
this hour in the library for evening .
ladies."-MYRA SPAFFORD, in February >nd for r-Htalosue. HOniK TER N. Y. satisfactory.
but Howard while he waited
prayers; ,
;saved the minutes, remembering the Pansy. ,

hard lesson of the morning, and the liability Jacksonville was 42, and quite a Observer.

to be interrupted in his study hour. heavy hoar frost occurred. Light Department of Agriculture Weather Bureau,

The back parlor door was pushed open, The vi e hep. frosts sometimes occur under favor. office of the observer,Jacksonville, Fla.,January

and Uncle Edward's handsome form ap 30.1892. .
able conditions when the thermom- <
peared. 'Where Ashman square? he -
inquired.Several. Where Shall the Thermometer be eters, a few feet from the ground, For Malaria, Liver Trou-

voices at once attempted to an- show temperatures of 47 or 48 de-
swer him. "It is just off Second street," grees.Vegetation. ble, or Indigestion,use
said Lora. And Emma in the Editor Fartner.and Fruit Grower:
in valleys or on low BROWN'S IRON BITTERS
breath said, "it is over by the river some- I have often noticed frost on the
is killed while that
where; near Park street, isn't it?" Then ground when the thermometer on ground frequently ,
Dickie, "why Lora, it can't be near Sec- lower than on higher ground in the same vicinityis Notice of Incorporation.Notice .
ond street, because Wyeth avenue runs piazza registered not 40 uninjured. The air, cooled by radiation -
is given that the undersigned
In the late freeze hereby
to at 10
in there. 42 p.
settles to the earth in the val- persons have formed a corporation under the
"No, it doesn't; "VVyeth avenue crossesat m, on Sunday.night, the thermometerstood while the general incorporation law of the State of Florida.
strata ascend.
leys, warmer The name of this incorporation'shall be "FloridaCar
Third street.
I took and laid it
on a
42 Its
The same principle is demonstratedin and Manufacturing Company. princi-
Then exclamations from least four
: log some 15 inches from the groundand pal places of busines shall be at Jacksonville .
"Why, Lora Edwards Wyeth avenue an ordinary refrigerator. Tile ice Green Cove Springs. The general nature of the
isn't near Third street. I think Ashman thirty feet or more from the is put in at the top and the air within business to be transacted is the manufacturing,
house and in fifteen minutes it fell purchase, sale and leasing of railroad cars
is down the Lincoln Statue to
square by ; ottevery
settles to the bottom as it becomes coaches.rolliu$stock and railroad equipment
isn't it, papa?" 32; next morning before sunrise it description; the conducting of a general

"I am sure I don't know," said papa, stood at In the basin of windmill cooled. lumber and milling busines.and the general busi-
20 a -
of manufa turing and repairing ,
who then entered the "The Recognizing the importance of having ness wagons
just room. there ice carriages, vehicles, tools, and wood and iron
was a
city changes so rapidly and adds so many pump quarter- observations made under condi. work of every description, including the powerto
fancy names that I cannot keep track of inch thick, and in an iron pot a small tions similar to those to which hold.buy. mortgage or otherwise convey real
it. Who wants to know-Edward ? Thereis quantity of water had frozen nearly growing and personal property,ship building of all kinds,
crops are subjected, the United including re airs.also house building of all kinds,
a map about somewhere. I shouldn't solid, being nearly three-fourths inch I including repairs. The amount of capital stock
wonder if Ashman square was down near States Weather Bureau is consideringthe authorize I is one hundred and fifty thousand
the old Ashman place towards the river." thick. Some forty small lemon and question of having its instrumentsso ((1u' iodollars.divided) into fifteen hundred'i.coo)
Tangerine trees were killed to the t-harrs, of one hundred($loo)dollars each. Eighty
"There, said Emma, I was sure it was placed that they will be exposed as thousand (SSoooodollars) in the par value of said
near the river." ground; large trees either uninjured or the stock shall be payable in the following property.
possible to atmos
nearly as same
"But tire river is stream to-wit: The present established business!' and goodwill
quite a simply have shed a few leaves. Am
pheric influences that surround of). G. und M. C. Blain, Trustees at Green
dear niece, Uncle Edward said smiling. t&tibfied i from the above that the growing Cove springs. Fla., a* manufacturers of cars,
"Yes; but Ashman square is not very crops.I rolling tock, and other articles, including the
temperature in such cold spells as the machinery, buildings touts, plant stock, contracts -
far down ; it is near the Westfield car have heard surprise -
persons express
line." late one is much lower at the surfaceof leases,choses in action and all other chattels -
that thermometers in different and assets of said trustees now invested!' or
Then a perfect babel of voices ensued. the ground than it is six or seven engaged in said business,the valuation of which
parts of a neighborhood or city recorded said l is fixed by the incorporators at
0, Emma., note leet above it. It is also evident that property
dollars. balance of
differing eighty: thousand ($80.000))
"Emma Ed wards it is a quarter of a the tree when dormant will en- temperatures many said capital st ck is to be paid in in cash in response
mile from the Eastman line, I am cer- orange degrees. It would be unreasonable to such calls as may be made from time to
tain." dure intense cold (for short periods.F. under present methods to expect them ; tune by the direction of corporation.. The

"I don't think Ashman square is on FARNSWORTH.REPLY I to do otherwise. It should be taken I which highest the amount corporation of indebtedness can at any or time liability subjectitself

this side at all; I think you are all con- is three hundred and fifty thousand((1350.000))
fused." [ BY THE WEATHER BUREAU..] into consideration that the thermometers dollars exclusive of its capital stock. The com-

"Yea, it is; I pass it every day. but I In reply to the above query of your have different exposures at p filing my shall with commence the Secretary its existence of State. of at the the State time of of

don't remember on which side of the correspondent, I would say that the various elevations; that they may Florid i and the aunty clerks of Dural and Clay

avenue it is. I go down one way and thermometers should be placed, by differ widely even if exposed under counties, Florida copies of these! articles:and its
existence thai terminate ninety-nine)years
come up" another, and so get things those who desire to know the temper. the same conditions on account of thereafter, unless! lawfully extended. The bu..i-
mixed. ness o> the company shall be Conducted bv a
"I don't think any of you know much ature to which their growing crops Faults in the instruments themselves, board of three directors who shall be elected at

about it," said Uncle Edward, and this are subjected, so that they will some perhaps being of standard make the annual meeting of stockholders! which
shall he held at such" time as the by-laws may
time he laughed Several voices began come in contact with the same atmos- and others of the common sort. provide. The undersigned shall compose its first

again in eager disclaimer, but FatherEd pheric conditions that surround the Heretofore the thermometers of the board of directors, who shall serve until their
vards. silenced them "See here I successors are elected.
chi\dren have : plants. This, of course, would differ Weather Bureau have been so placedat JOHN G. BLAIN
we must prayers at once; I M. C. RLAIX,
I have an important engagement at 7. according to the kind of crop. If the the various. stations of observation I I-1-St GEO. G. GLEASON.

Afterwards, one of you can find a map plant be tall a thermometer placed at ..

and settle your discussion." a distance from the ground equal to
Lora struck the chord and the entire
the plant's height would perhaps showa
family joined in:
different from the tem
While Thee I seek,protecting power, temperature DIAMOUI3L4YES.
Be my vain wishes stilled. perature at the root of the plant. It

In the momentary lull which there was would seem reasonable then to 'place

as they rose from their knees, Howard the thermometers so that the bulbs

. spoke"Uncle for the Edward.first time" that evening. would be at a height from the ground R Brilliant !

"Yes." equal to half the height of the plant..

"About Ashman square-do you know This would perhaps give the average t Durable1 !

where the Station D postoffice is?" temperature to which the plant is sub- '2 \
Economical I
"Perfectly." jected.It ., \

"Well, Ashman"square begins two is a well known fact that ther- j
blocks east of that.
"So it does!" declared Lora; "why in mometers suspended a few feet from Diamond Dyes excel all others in Strength, Purity, and Fastness. None other are

the world didn't some of us think of thepostoffice the ground may record temperaturesof just as good. Beware of imitations, because they are made of cheap and inferior materials

? that would have located it." 36 to 40 degrees, or higher, whilea and give poor, weak, crocky colors. To be sure of success use only the DIAMOND DYES
I never noticed how near it was to the hoar frost will be Ribbons &c &C. We warrant
postoffice," said Emma. "What I would heavy depositedon for coloring Dresses,'Stockings, Yams, Carpets, Feathers, ,

like to know is, why Howard did not plants in its immediate vicinity, them to color more goods, package for package, than any other dyes ever made, and to give

speak before, and save us all this talk." showing that the foliage of the plants more brilliant and durable colors. Ask for the DIAMOND, and take no other.

"Sure enough?" said Dickie. "Did becomes cooled by radiation to a Send postal for Dye Book,Sample Card,directions for coloring Photos.,making the finest Ink or Bluing

you find the answer to that conundrum temperature of 32 degrees or lower. ((10 cents a quart), etc. Sold by Druggists. Address

m your Latin dictionary? Why didn't On the morning of the 29th instant WELLS RICHARDSON & CO., Burlington, Vt.
you hook up, old fellow,and join the colloquy ,
? the lowest temperature recorded by Gold, Silver, Bronze
"Couldn't get a chance,"said Howard, the Weather Bureau instruments at Fancy For Gilding Anitlca.or Bronzing USE DIAMOND. PAINTS I Copper. Only 10 Cent110 -.


] .


water. After into CROQUANTE OF ORANGES.-Peel and
greasy! soaking put

Our ZurJome.! another suds, and after squeezing remove and the divide white them part in from small twelve sections.oranges Good eaIth,

through this, if it still looks dingy, ... -
Make syrup] of one pound of sugar and
it into a third suds. If it is now Hunger and Infection.It .
More Culture and Less Cramming. put half a pint of water; dip the pieces of
clear rinse in clean water until it looks or.inge in it, press against the sides of a is a well known fact that hunger

Simplify cookery, thus reducing the white and soft. If washed rightly the mold which ]has been greased with but- predisposes to certain diseases, but it
of and how first time it will look well.- ter; continue until the sides and bottom
I cost living, many longing always has been reserved to two Turin doc-
an lined, then stand away in a cold
individuals would thereby be enabledto Good Housekeeping.How place until hard. When hard, fill with : tors to demonstrate the increased lia-

to afford themselves the pleasure of e. charlotte russe and stand in a cool place I bility experimentally. Their observa-
to Grow Pinks. for two }hours. When ready to serve tions were carried out with the virusof
culture and social intercourse. When
turn out
\ Get a box about three feet long, by carefully. bacillus anthrax on pigeons, a disease -
the barbarous practice of stuffingone's ORANGE SPONGE.-Cover half a box of to which these birds under
two feet wide and eight inches deep..
abolished gelatine with cold water and soak for
shall have been
guests ordinary
Fill this box with good garden soil, half an hour; pour over a pint of boiling
a social gathering will not then imply, water and a cupful of sugar; stir until They found however, that six days'

as it does now, hard labor, expensive and if possible have it half leaf mouldout dissolved: add the juice of five oranges total deprivation of food rendered the

of some of our rich hammocks.Fill and strain in a tin pan; set on ice until birds amenable to the virus, on con-
outlay, and dyspepsia. Perhaps cold and thick. Beat to a stiff froth add
the box level full and press the dition that food was still withheld.If .
when that time arrives shall be the well-beaten whites of four eggs and
we earth in firmly. Now take a lath, or a beat until smooth; pour into a mold and however, food was given at the

sufficiently civilized to demand pleas piece of board an inch wide, and stand away to harden. Serve with vanilla same time as the virus, then they still

ure of a higher sort. True, the enter- make the drills for seed by pressinglath sauce. successfully resisted infection. Fur-

tainments will then, in one sense, be into the ground. Make as manyof ORANGE TAPIOCA.-Wash a cupful of ther, when starvation was continuedfor
these as you wish, and sprinkle the tapioca through several waters; cover two days after the inoculation,
more costly, as culture is harder to with cold water and soak over night. In
seeds in, not thickly, for then you and food then given, the development -
the morning put it on the fire with one
come by than cake. The profusion have to throw away half of the plants. pint of boiling water and let it; simmer of the disease, though not pre-

i of viands now heaped upon the table Cover with a quarter of an inch of until the tapioca is clear; squeeze in the vented, ran a slower course. Lastly,

betrays poverty of the worst sort. soil, and press"down firmly on the juice of a dozen sour oranges and the virus proved capable of infecting

seeds. Once a day, until they come sweeten to taste. Take up pour in a birds well fed up to the date of inoc-
Having nothing better to offer, we I II dish and stand away to cool. Serve very
I up, the seeds must be lightly sprinkledwith cold with sugar and cream. ulation, but starved subsequently. The
I offer victuals ; and this we do with clear When the line of is
water. plantsare ORANGE ICE .-Put a pint of investigation evidently one
something of that complacent satisfiedair inches themto which admits of further research but
two high transplant cream on to boil; add three-quarters of a ,
( with which some more northern six inches apart, in a box of the pound of sugar and stir until it dissolves; the moral is obvious.Nature's .
take from the fire. When cool add the .
tribes their tidbits of whale same kind of soil as they were first
present grated rind of two oranges and the juiceof Germicide Solution.
sowed in. Water at the time of set-
and walrus. six: stir in a pint of cold cream; pourin
ting out, and be careful not to have a freezer and freeze. Pack in ice two There is no doubt that daily, everyman 0

About Our Beds. the box in the shade all of the time, hours to mellow. woman and child take into their

or in the sun. It is best to set the box FROZEN ORANGES.-Rub the rinds of systems a certain number of disease-
Some think it spoils blankets to wash where the morning sun will strike the three or four oranges into a pound of causing germs, such as tubercle bacilliin

them and do it seldom; but it seemsto plants, and they will be shaded dur- loaf sugar. Peel the oranges divide in milk, or typhoid germs in water,

me that wool absorbs more dirt than ing the afternoon. All that is needed sections the sugar and with take the out juice the of pulp two;lemons.add to and yet it is only a comparativelysmall

cotton and ought to be washed. How alter they are set out is good clear Let stand one hour. Add one quart of number who fall a victim to dis-

water, a little cotton seed meal once water and stir until the sugar is dis ease. Why is it, then, that they all do
how much
often depends on they are in a while, and never let them want solved. Put in a freezer and freeze. not die? The explanation of this
used. A good clear day, with some ORANGE SHERBET.-Take one gallon of
for water, giving this treatment, ex- rests in the fact that the liquid portionof

wind, will make the blankets dry cluding the cotton seed meal. I had oranges ice water.and Peel mix and in tl'e cut water up one with dozen the the blood is one of the very best

quickly. Plenty of soft water shouldbe this year, some fine pinks two inches juice of six lemons; add the beaten of germicides when the body is in

used. If not available then boraxor across. Single; pinks grow best in whites of six eggs. Mix all and freeze.- health, and will cause the instant -

ammonia should be added, and a Florida, but double ones grow well. Ladies Home Companion. death of a large number of bacilli.

good white soap, without rosin in it, -Any one who will follow the above \ The white cells in the blood also have

as that makes blankets yellow. The directions for planting, watering, etc., FOR DTOL'EFf/TI, the power to capture and eat up a
and Stomach diiO/J ,
its uso
soap should be dissolved in water will have fine pin k .-Tropical Sun. l\VN' IRON BITTEICS.AH : certain number of germs, and it is

beforehand. The suds should not be dealers keep it. 51 per bottle. Cenutnehas only when too large a number gain

too hot or cold, but just comfortableto How to Ship Orange Blossoms. trade-mark and crossed. red lines on wrapper. entrance or when a person is in weak-

the hands, and should be just right > 4 ened health, that there is any dangerof
A Pomona Cal.) man sent a large
( Since settling the question of the
before the blankets are put in, and no infection. So take care of your
box of young orange blossoms to a importation of American France
hot or cold water turned over them pork health and laugh at the germs.
while in the tub. They should be Cincinnati florist last week, for decorations and Italy have established a system of .
at the wedding of millionaires. their of To Prevent ". "
rinsed until in the inspection at respective ports :our Stomach.
no soap remains
The florist paid $25 for the blossom,
should be rubbedon entry to thoroughly examine all meatas Some the following
water. They not physician prescr'bes
and has telegraphed that nearly three-
the board, but squeezed in the it arrives. Germany adopted this as a preventive of "sour stom-
fourths of them arrived in Cincinnatiin
hands, and wrung in the same way. measure also, prior to removing the ach:" Avoid eating foods which fer-
fine condition. The stems of the
restriction she had placed against importing
The wringer spoils the nap of the were carefully placed in.po ment easily, such as sugar, potatoesand
blanket. Two pairs of hands should blossoms! American meats. the like Drink hot water to wash
tatoes and wax put about the stemsto .
wring, shake and hang on the line. the stomach out, say one cup aboutone
keep the moisture in the vegetable.Florists' Beware of Ointments for Catarrh
The water that drips off should be hour before eating. This preparesthe
I Exchange. that Contain Mercury,
i squeezed out and the blankets te pulled f organ lor the kindly reception of
into shape as they dry. When dry as mercury will surely destroy the the food. Avoid fluids at meals, unless -
they should be folded and put undera SAucE.Takesmall sense of smell and completely derangethe it be pepton zed milk, which reallyis
heavy weight to press. stalesponge cakes, or slices of whole system when entering it a semi fluid food It might be wellto

Blankets washed for the first time stale cake, dip them in orange juice, through the mucous surface. Such use the peptonized milk for a few

should not be mixed with others. place them in a glass dish and pour over articles! should never be used excepton days and eat nothing else. Should

There is an oil in them that must be vanilla sauce. prescriptions from reputabe! physicians this not agree with you. eat scraped

washed out or the blankets will always ORANGE; BAVARIAN CREAM.-Cover as the damage they will do is beef, boiled, using it with but little
o half a box of gelatine with cold water ten fold to the good can possibly
look streaked. It is much easier to you salt, and dried wholewheat= bread. Be
and let soak fur half an hour. Whip a
cut them apart before washing, and pint of cream. Put a pint of milk on to II derive from them. Hall's Catarrh careful not to eat too much meat in

sometimes one blanket is needed when boil ;and dissolve!\ the gelatine in it Cure, maunfactured by F. J. Cheney | hot weather, as it is quite heat-

two are not. All colored ribbon must Beat the yolks of five eggs: and a cupfulof & Co., Toledo, 0., contains no mercury -] ing.! You may try for a drink a

be ripped off or it will leave the blan sugar together until light and strain and is taken internally, and acts : half-cup of cold skimmed milk, fillingthe

ket colored in spots. A good way is the the milk mixture and gelatine to :the sauce-pan into them.and Return stir .I directly upon the blood and mucous II cup with boiling water. Should

to take white zephyr worsted and but over the fire fur ten minutes; then pour surface of the system. In buying you not be relieved by following the

tonhole the edges. It looks neat and in a bowl to cool. When cold add the I Hall's Catarrh Cure be sure you get I above yout had better hunt a sanitar-

will last as long as the blanket. Makea juice of five oranges, set the pan on ice i the genuine. It is taken internally, ium.

strong suds of dissolved soap, havingit and stir until it begins to thicken; then and made in Toledo, Ohio, by F. J.I .
add the cream and stir carefully until "Thousands had sunk on the ground overpowered -
& Co.JKSTSold .
just warm, not hot, and put in a mixed. Wet a mold with cold water, Cheney the weary to sleep and the wounded to
suds will by Druggists, price 75C. die:"but every intelligent reader: known that this
blanket. The rapidly
very pour in the mixture and set on ice to I I occurred before the great discovery of SalvationOil.
disappear, nothing being left but dirty, harden. Serve with cream. per bottle. I: .

.'- -.. --



'- -<:..: ,, .,.. ;'_' .,; : '':'', ',:, ;" ,:-. ,,,. : > '.', :; .- .>..-. ... ': : -. '. ',-: ,

: THE FARMERS ALL I A NeE : ,: : ,;, ", I'


--' .:1.-.... ...,' .
..n -- -- -- ]r L. "
VoL VI. Agriculture' is the Basis of Wealth." No. 6.

The Alliance is solid in every Sate orange and agricultural: State and pnp. Messenger, this! section of West Flor- court, it is true, ordinarily are more

in the Union. Georgia is the only ular sanitarium to an tXalted prominence ida is in a very poor situation just at voluminous, but is that necessary?

one that is disturbed in the least, and in the commercial odd, but present to get its fair share ol the And even should it be so conceived,

we believe that when the brethren: to, sustain this position she must los f pjospcctive benefits any way, and that could not account for the great

look at it in the )proper light there will ter and \iJ.i! antly guard the capital then when we consider that the ordi disparity in the amount of businessdespatched.

. be no further trouble here. It *pt'3ks entering her (borders. A volume nary citizen of this county: is unable .

bad for us, the bnnntr Alliance State might be filed, with the details of the to see how he is to let his money's It we have unreasonably called attention

of the Union, to be wrangling over a numberltss 'instances of gross mismanagement worth out of a cash donation lor the to this matter; if there is any

matter that does not aflrct anything and total null/Terence/ to exhibit, why should we levy a forced excuse for the existence of this state

materially either wa-Suuthe"rn Alliance I the public rights on ,the )part i f the contribution by taxation ?-St. Andrews of affairs; if any remedy can be sug

Farmer. railroad companies. NOI;hit g could Messenger. gested, we will be glad to know and

--- -so.- be more ludicrous to an efficient railroad t m publish them.-Manatee (Co.) Ad

Many farmer in Middle Florida i fficial Than the manner some of The Supreme Court of Florida and vocate.

has a business so managed that IK the Florida railroads are managed. its Manner of Doing Business. ,

walks up to the county tax collectoiV UntIl' this is remedied advancementmust The Advocate does not desire in Per Capita Wealth.

cfiue each year and deposits' a "big be s ow, as capital will shrink calling attention to the business of True valuation, by States, 1850 to

wad" ol money for the j,rivilege oi from depending on such ill conducted 1880, from Scribner's Statistical Atlas:
holding dead capital in land that has roads as an outlet."-Manufacturer', the Supreme Court to reflect upon '
1850 1860 ITO 1880
scarcely increased < ne dollar in value Journal. the d.stmguished occupants of that New Mexico.... 58407 22257 $34123 $25091
... Ctah ............. &65 13895 16621!) 46540
since the surrender. No wondtr: Southern farmers have been'diversifying bench nor criticise them unjustly, but Iowa ...........12338 36747 60103 87098
there is lailme and discontent on \Vi-consin........13772 35272 66590 73660
many when ic interests demand it is
their crops in recent years to an I pub :\hclll au.........1503.5 34329 60741 83693
farms. Divide) up these lazy acres Ilhn-is............183 52 509 28 83534 1.00459
known and that ] attention be called
and sell thtm to enterprising .tatmers exttnt not generally ap right public to Arkansas .. ....189 til 50352 32281!: 363
have been Kctured I Tennessee 2 0 10 4454 39589 43181
and create a sinking lund at your old predated. They the matter, that some remedy be devised. :Mis-ouri..........20123 42403 74649 70560In
home that will put .the old lain in recently for growing cotton exclusively And in view of the existing I Main iana. ....... 20503 391 6r 75458 75772
.21054 55535 77203
whereas of fact 30275
as a matter :
Flondian.* Delaware... 23011 412 08 77735 94129
good shape.- condition there -
according to the N w York Sock are none who will California.........23934 5475 1,14015 1.65376
o-.a ............
Texas 2408: 60442 19430 45547
I want enoughto holder, t their cereal crop in 1891 exceeded dispute the necessity.: There are now Ohi>.......... ...254 87 51032 3873 1,03219
agoveinment strong their cotton crop in value b> before the Supreme Court about North CarohU3...260 9S 36141 24339 31863
protect the wtak, control the strong 400 Florida ......,.261 45 12058 2JS 23 35251
nearly as much as $43-000,000. In cases, awaiting the action Of that Dis rice of Colum

and will punish crime.the alien A land governmentthat holders the Southern States, exclti it e ot Dela body. About zoo cases'are annually Vermont bia. ..........27123.29353 54722,3Si 70 96335 7199 1,25546 6074
say ware Maryland and Missouri, tbt presented and about Alabama ......29575 51362 20246 29940
) 75 cases are ..
must go, and drive back the hordes Virgi,ia.........30196 4092 ..3343* 45* .6
ot laborers from our shores crop cereals in 1881 were worth $403. Ji.-pos d of annually. The court is Kmtucky..: ....30703 57632 45747 5.3376
pauper 233.520, as against cotton product d now about five years behind, and by I'enns Ivania..31252 98740 1.08132:) 1,25920
and the filthy Chinese. A government New Hmtpshue32598 47937 7936 94527
that will to citizen to the value ol 360321240. Both I the simplest rules of arithmetic, the New Y .rk ....34878 475 oo 1,4328 149896
guarantee every Crurgia..37015 61090 22047
showed conclusion is reached that
crops an increase over 1890. every
the right to the of Maryiand..37699 586i 82437 92947
possession but the increase of cereals was $78, years will add an addition II 1 year to leis's1ssippi..37748 7675015268; 28632
enough ot God's earth to build a Oregon..... .... 3 088 55143 56706 72O$6
house where wife and child live 073,120, or nearly four times the in the length of time that will be required New Jersey ......40853 696 21 1,03849 1,26689
may crease of cotton. Under the discouragement .tor the consideration of new matter Connecticut.. 41993 96550 144130 X.tfS 24
play and love, around the door of a ; South Ca ruliua....,431 20 77893 29459 29732
: caused by the low priceof and should this state of things continue Louisiana .. .. 45194 85045 4i452 44*96Rhodel'4land..54566
home of their own. Wuere they can
this the culture of this it stretch 77504 1,36628 1.51882
gather in peace about their hearth cotton year, be no ot imagination Massachusetts..576 50 76750 1,46303 1,56751
. staple may be expected; to lose muchof 'to assume that the time \\ ill
stone and beneath a roof that is not Estimated aggregate of wealth in
I its prominence. when' the decisions of that
crushed with the weight of a mortgage present ... come 1850, $7,135,780,228; 1860, $16-
will be handed down
as a
held by some money shark.- 159,616,068; 1870, $30,068,518,507,
There is doubt that State of future .
no a good ter curiosity to generations.The
Hon. B. H. Clover. 1880 $43,642,000,000.
r exhibit at Chicago would be of great I possibilities, are great. Several .

There are too many of our people advantage to Florida; and on the oth. years ago, it was claimed that the .
who are stuffed so lull of prejudicethat er hand, for the State to be conspicuous business of the court was behind, Alliance Day at Chautauqua.I

they believe that wherever the by its absence on that great occa because: of retention on the bench of see in your issue of Jan. 28th that

farmers have a majority they shouldfill sion where nearly, or quite, all the those whose age unfit ted them for the you have the programme in full of the

all the offices Irom their own other States will be represented, wouldbe act.ve discharge of its duties, and the i South Florida Chautauqua for March,

ranks, and they do not fail to express a bad slam. But WIll n we speak broad and distinguished shoulders o' .
their opinions. Tnis class of men do ol the advantages to Florida, or the McWhorter; and Maxwell bore the 1892.I
the Alliance a great deal of harm. "slam," are all residents of the State burdens of blame. regret to see that you have omitted

Their wild sayings keep up in the equally affected: ? What is the; benefit Since then young and new blood has to have an Alliance day.

breasts of those \\ ho can not belongto hoped for by this "creditable I een infused, but tor some reason the You have given the temperanceclass

us, the fires of prejudice and ill showing" at Chicago ? We supposeit beneficial res-ilts. in this respect have a day, which is all right) and

will. Thi is all wrong. The gov is expected th 11 the State may be soefle not been very manifest. Sume might proper, as this community is fairly
ernment was never intended to be -'tually advertised! there and makeso magine! that the slowness of our cow twas represented by that class of good citi

parceled out to the particular class! ol favorable; an impression upon the due to one ot two causes, either
citizens that happens to be in the ma hounds: of visitors to the great 'fait (that the time devoted to business was zens.Ve beg leave to assure the com-

jority in any one locality. So we as to cause largely' increased influxof limited, or that a longer time was required mittee of arrangements on programme

should not use our numbers in any people and capital into the Sute. to come to a conclusion. In that: fully one half of the visitors to
Granted :' all .K... is who the for the four the Alliance
one place: to keep others trom havinga .at true, ot examining; reports Chautauqua are members -
fair showing beiore the citizens! for our people now here wi 1 be in it to weeks: ending Jan. 6, 1892, we find or endorse the truths that are
official honors or trust.-Suuthern nceive the direct benefits? Mamicstly cases! decided in the various couns as accepted by that order.

lercur)'. the transportation>> comp t11ic allows/ : Alabama 44, Louisiana 36, As a friend to the Chautauqua, andas
;gttthe first whack, and pr.u1ator'who : Florida 3. It will be seen that tne a better friend to the struggling
"I would considtr any series of observations have property to sell get the nex Supreme Court of Alabama has in four farmers and fruit growers of this coun-

on this subject as incomplete 1; whacljand; let's see, are there am weeks: decided! more than half as try, must say that the action of the

i hich did not include a few remarks more hacks? I If so, somebody pleasi many cases as the State of Florida committee; or Mr. R. T. Hall merits

on the question of tran Forta.: name them.rl. here are many other does in a whole year, and with the t I the disapproval of the order of whichI

tion. The dicoveiy: of this valuable l benefits that can be named, but the pressure ot business before it, in the have the honor to be a member.T. .-

deposit in Florida has suddenly elevated are gradual 1 and incidental, we might I >.me lime our court.gets through with A. POULE, Allianccman: in lake'
: her from the Itvel oi a mere: say indirect. As it appears to the but three cases. The opinions of our Region.



A .

A Tobacco Trust. Why then, should only a part enlist Did You Ever "Chaw?" RICH FLORIDA LANDS.

The National Economist for that is free all alike ?
publishes a fight to Did you ever "chaw" for the baby?
f the following resolutions passed by What would we think ol the man who I Do you know how it is done? Chaw

Mecklenburg Cjunty (Va.) Alliance: would not help defend his own nome. I bread and meat, etc., till it is ready

WHEREAS, The production of bright but shut himself up securely in his i i to swallow, then trans'er it from your
1 tobacco has been a source of profit to own house and let his neighbors fight I mouth to his 1 He shuts his mouth

t the farmers of thirty-one counties of intruders 'from his door, and not only and downs it and. calls for more.

North.Carolina and Virginia, and has not assist in resisting::! the power of That' the way our partisan friends

' given employment to a large number those who seek to despoil his and his get their principles. Rt"ady.furnishtd

01 farm laborers at good wages And nei ;hbor's home, but actlt.1lly.ridi- food, you know. Hanison and
whereas, tobacco is, by nature of the cules those who are trying to purge Blaine-Cleveland and Mi Is are

I soil and climate, the principal money the community of the would,be robbers I "chawin"-our fellows will get their I

: crop of a large territory, and prices or assassins ? This is exactly I chunk bye and bye, then we shall

I were satisfactory until 1890: ; and what those farmers are doing who re- : know what they have to wallow.Hoys r rrM! nn

, whereas, the American Tobacco Company fuse to go into the order, and ridiculethe I ; hope you won't get anything .

was organized in the fall of 1889, efforts df those who are striving to in pabulum.-Alliance 5'I:
nasty your !
t and has since been incorporated by bring about needed reforms. Liberator. c' --... J .-.'" -,-...__-_'J: ___.. __

the Legislature- of the State of New There are farmers who, being well _. .- .-. : Farmers Stop and Think.

Jersey, and formed a trust on bright fired in life themselves, and not feel The Southern Mercury (Dallas, best
I tobacco; and whereas, the American ing the hand of oppression so keenly Tex. )) says : Many good people, es WN Y Spend the years of your
Tobacco Company has placed an Ii e cultivating the soils o.. the 'frozen
agenton themselves, seem to think that thingsare pecially those not active working
each market, and refused to buy all right, and that the farmers' members of the Farmers Alliance North and West raising crops on which

from any other buyer, thereby cutting efforts at relorm are unnecessary because and its confederates, have been influ- the ireight is often not realized, when

off all competition, arid virtually no reform is needed. But when enced to believe, through the repeated you can buy land from the undersigned,

naming the price that they will pay trusts are broken as many have betn, reports made by the anti Alliance rich and fertile as any known lands,

for the farmers' tobacco; and whereas, al d others bluffed and prevented from press, that the Farmers Alliance has and where you can raise a crop that the

the American Tobacco Company has 'forming as the .arm machinery was, officially, yet clandestinely, endorsed United States Government will pay a
reduced the price of bright tobacco these same 'fellows who will not turna what is popularly known as the "3d", COUNTY of $100 on each acre.

40 to 50 per cent and are selling the hand to assist, leap the benefits, as or "People's piny." The Mercury HOLD On, this isn't all. You can sell'
manufactured tobacco at the same they did 1n. binding twine-just the takes pleasure in stating emphaticallythat the said crop right there in your home

price to consumers as they did before. same as if they had helped to break neither the National Farmers market lor $250 per acre. You ask ''or

they combined, and the reduction ol the combine. All who are eligible 10 Alliance and Industrial Union, nor the "How" and the "Whereiore.",

40 to 50 per cent. in the price of leaf membership and will, hot co operate any State organization, under its Quite right-facts and figures count best.

tobacco,; and whereas, we cannot be., with their brother farmers in protect- jurisdiction, nor any organization that Plant the Land with Sugar Cane.; :

lieve that overproduction is !the cause ing their own interests, are, whether has confederated with it, has done any TO OLD Farmers and careful
of the low price as claimed by some, they mean it or not, abetting the such thing; neither can they do so in the perus
ers of tact there is now
from the fact that the low which papers
grades enemy and virtually helping the com- conformity to our constitution and Kissimmee
established near Fla. the
the American Tobacco Company does bines to tighten their grasp on the declaration of purposes. Not a single ,
St. Cloud Sugar Refinery, is stale
not buy, and on which there is com- prod cers. Let those who have re instance can be pointed out where
news.Ve are talking to all our
petition, is bringing as good price or mained out of the order reflect se- they have. Then why this hue and
mends. Sugar cane can be raised as
better than bel ore the trust; now, riously about this matter, and see if cry ? Common sense, in the lightof and Uncle
cheaply as corn, Sam will
therefore, Le it they are not acting contrary to their recent events, furnishes the an-
I Resolved, (i), That we, the Meck own best interests.-Farmers' Home swer. Those who have been edu. pay you manutacuircd a bounty two cents fe foundon

, lenburg County Alliance, in regular Journal. I cated in these labor organizationshave Cloud the in Osceola sugar. Co.The Ha St.
plantation .,
session on the first day of January, J bI lost confidence in the Republican -
i 1892, do most respectfully demand that Quite Correct. averaged 4,500 pounds of sugar to the
l party, and, very naturally, have acre last and it will
year go 5,000
the present Legislature} ( of Virginia The following bill has been intro concluded to place the Democratic this .
investigate the operation of the Amer duced in the New York legislature. It party on trial, hence the unprecedented pounds year.METHODS

ican Tobacco Company, and pass was formulated by a joint committeeof Democratic majority in the ? This isn't the only big

some law so stringent that a corpora- the Alliance, Knights of Labor, lower House of the Fifty second I change ot your life, however. The

sion chartered by one State shall not Grange, Patrons of Industry, and Congress at present. Now, if the cultivation ol rice lands about Kissim.
use its power to depress and lower the Farmers' League : present lower house heed the demands mee is to become an assured, profitable
s value of and of There is no richer or better
products property Be it enacted by the senate and of organized laborers, they fact.
t another. assembly in legislature assembled. will be sustained ; but if they fail to truck and market-garden lands in the

Resolved, ((2)), That we respectfully That for the of taxation irom do so, no man can tell the result. world than the land on the rich over

demand of our Senators and Repre- and after the purposes passage of this act, mort- One thing is sure, another political flow, or bottom lands about Kissimmee.
sentatives in their best Write lor confi..nJ.ttion to Col
Congress to use on real estate shall be assessedas revolution is inevitable in 1892. ,
efforts to enact some laws to protectthe gages -- A. K. ;McClure, editor /'/ aJtlfhit
real l estate. ---
farmers in the bright tobacco belt Times, who has personal knowledge.Then .
from the oppression of the American Sec. 2. Be it further enacted that "WC2TH A GUINEA: A a0L"E in lands for orange,: groves or
only the excess of taxable valuationover
Tobacco cultivated
Company. groves already or bearing
Resolved That and above the amount ot mort--: ( E I that best interestslie
((3)), our Senators Science! can satisfy you your
and Representatives in Congress will gage shall be assessed to lawful owner in seeing me before' any one else.

enact such laws that one State shall mortgaged' property.All cc: BEAUTIFUL HOME The health
laws confl cling with this act MEDICAL
not grant a charter to a corporationby
'ulntss: and beauty O' Kissimmee
which the corporation will be ableto are hereby repealed. N SCIENCE
Tin it is that the in have never been questioned. No
off all in seen Grange has achieved agreat <
cut competition a productof
lathe diphtheria, no consumption, no pneu
other States co-operates with the triumph i
thereby reducing the Farmers' Alliance as well as other production of monia-in fact, read our medical

price. report. Ueautiiul cottages, villas or
I PSIAll labor organizations. .
DEEGHAM9SP lots suitable for residences. Write
Farmers Should Belong to the G
for and particulars.
I Alliance. Emerson wrote: "The farmer's dollar which will euro Sick '
When we remember that the farm is heavy. It is no ,waif to him. I !L 1 S Bilious Headache npd-! and Her.I All.' GOME SOU 1 H, And ga climate.mold, in

ers have been forced to organize be- He knows how many strokes of his vous Disordersfrs1 quantities of the grandest
f frs1 from Impaired DIzvvtIon, Con. the world free with each acre of ground
cause all other classes are organized, labor it represents. His bones ache [fi:!:>: Uloa and Diurdercd Llverl and I
and therefore have the power, if they with the day's work that earned it. >f!hoy will mli tly restore women to complete< purchased. Come where you can till
''Lcdtli. OfftHdrusjrists. 2 i cents a box.) months in the
desire, to take advantage of the unor- He knows how much land it repre New York r Depot 36s Canal: St. 47, the soil twel e year
ganized and consequent helpless con- sents-how much rain, frost and sun- At least write, to me for lull uarticuJaWM.

dition of the farmer, it seems strange shine. He knows that in the dollar : PERSIMMONS, Plums Mammoth t'AXTVOjr,

that any farmer: will stand aloof from f I he gives you is so much discretion and JAPANESE liiii.. Al-o,.Japan ru imenial Walnuts.,tock hardy rare orange bulb*,Reeds i ..-, Agent for the lands of'iii-Kttwlnnner. UI-'I.u'l. .....,..a Fl oJ.,
the only organization which promisesany patience, so much hoeing and thresh- etc. Olive, fig trer.t"dgrapevines. Goods scut for the Mx-iMteU truth- )". land*,H lid tu
safely by Freight. Exnre--or mail. tamps fir KI-Hirnn- I-a rtO.Phosphzts. '
relief to the depressed industries ing. Try to lilt his dollar, you must Sen.I tor our new, finely illustrated catalogue sugar cane, rice, trucking ,
ol our country. It is to be presumedthat lilt all that weight." Right you are ;, Address H. H. BERGER & CO., fruit, grazing, timber, general arming
,what is for the welfare one but trusts could lift it easily, even if San Francisco, Cal., and.home lands. Sena for map.howfnglands.
farmer, benefits every other farmer. I j it weighed a ton.-Western"Rural. Established; 1878. : .




-'- --

fillings to mattresses, cushions; col. Soft: Pro 1phate. Report California Fruit Union for

J'fews.! lars, riding and pack saddles, etc., That soft phosphate is rapidly grow Season 1891. .

-... ....... -- -..,.,- "" and year by year the demand in ing in favor with the fruit and vegetable This is an important document from
creases.-Milwaukee Sentinel. growers here is no sort of doubt. which the "
The packing houses o' Robert Long, we extract following :

Francis& Long and James M. Erskine Hon. Jqhn B. Stetson, the Philadelphia Those who have given it a test unhesitatingly The individual shipments have olten

have been running at full blast for the hatter, has over 400 acres in speak of it in the most proved unremunerative and some-

past month and the crop of oranges is orange groves in the vicinity of De. complimentary terms. Mr. Geo. times even made losses, but the fact

mostly shipped. But little fruit was Land. The oldest set grove he has is Saxon, writing from Tallahassee, says: that there was an organization. suchas

shipped before January 1St, and grow the famous Gillen grove, one mile The soft phosphate referred to is a the California Fruit Union, has

ers here have had remunerative prices. west of the city. It will yield 25,000 granulated article, containing the ele- made competition among buyers

-Palatka Times. boxes of fruit this season. It was ments of ground bone and 50 per stronger, and has been directly or in-

planted in the early'70S by Dr. H. H. cent phosphate of lime (bone phosphate directly the source of much profit to

The government'officers who are in Gillen and ) crude as it comes from the the fruit-growers of the State, whether
eight or ten
years ago
of Indian afTu'rs in this
charge sectionare
sold by him to Hon. H. A. DeLandfor mine. This soft phosphate was put they were members of the California
pushing the work of building and cotton last alongside of shared in the
$30,000; Mr. D:Land afterwardsold upon year Fruit Union or not-all

getting ready to open the school as it to Mr. Stetson, who has since cotton seed as fertilizers, and the re benefit-and we only wish that the

fast as possible. They have several enlarged it and made magnificent improvements suit was fully, or more than double, fruit-growers were more united, and

men employed in hauling supplies on it. in yield of cotton over the cotton seed, then results would be still more favor-

from Fort Myers, and a number engaged while it gave four times the yield over

in running the new sawmill Hon. L. B. Wombwell, Commissioner same land without any fertilizer. Rt:'". able.Our .
books for the season
; just
which was lately taken out. We hope of AgricuUure, requests us to T. W. Moore, of Leesburg, looked at I in
show the
that this labor will be seed sown in state that the Department of Agriculture this crop while in full fruitage and he passed quite a change

good ground.-Press. is just in receipt of a full supply of said that at that time the cotton manner of transportation. We have

imported Cuba tobacco seed, whichhe fertilized by this soft phosphate had shipped to Union agents 1,387 car-
Mr. W. B Denham and associates loads, of which number 1,166 were
have purchased from the State the is ready to distribute to any one i three times more fruit on it than that refrigerator and ventilated freightcars
making application for the same. fertilized with seed.
cotton Thinking
Miccosukee lake, containing about
generally containing tonsor
These seed valuable for the
are more his estimate
have been a little:
The will be may
acres. engineer
which added
9.000 more; to cars shippedby
here in a few days and they will pro- I' purpose of producing seed for nextyear's high 1 put it as above, but I am freeto members working with the Unionto
crop than for growing a crop admit that he is better of
a judge
ceed at once to this large body of
put points where we have no agents,
for market this
season. They were such than lam.
land in shape for cultivation. It is intended matters
such as Portland, Denver, etc., of
presented to the department by Rev.j. .
T. Smith from
J. writing Levy
to erect a
manufacturingplant which
sugar we have no record, would raise
j. P. DePass director of the
and a rice mill, perhaps, and Experi county, says: the number to over 2,200 cars of ten
ment Station at Lake City.-Talla- "I soft sixteenrows
put phosphate on
thus to add another to Florida's great tons each.
ind us tries.-Monticello Constitution. hasseean. of corn last spring in abjut a
We shipped this season only six
The purchase of acresof land lour acre field of corn, on about an
Many of those who have bearing in our tobacco belt 3,300 by the large firm average quality of the land. I broad- special trains, containing 54 cars; the
groves in this section are going out of service not being satisfactory they
casted the soft the
of Cohn & Bro. of New York is phosphate over
other business and centering all their were discontinued. The number by
land after it well
natural of the breaking up at
attention and time the for consequence trains fell down to
on 167 cars,
groves about passenger
achieved in tobacco culture by the two tons per acre. Then I
the reason they !see more in which was caused largely by the poor
money Owl Cigar Co., Carl Vogt's Sons and harrowed this in. I did not measure
them than in anything else that they and special train service
the in passenger
Shroeder & Bon. It is necessary to yield only my cart as I gatheredit.
can turn their hands to. Of course during the 1890 shippers preferring -
add that lurther transactions in lard I got as much corn from the sixteen year
such groves have been well fed and that had soft ( to take the refrigerator cars instead
in interest rows phosphateon
and the manifested
cared tor, and they will are treaty, ,of chancing their shipments in
pay every other representative firms of it as I did from the i e\t thirtyrows.
time, even if the price per box ob- The did ventilated cars in which fruit often
corn net
the in tobacco lands dry up any
tamed is less than $i.-DeLand country our suffered seriously by delay.
seems to us sufficient proof that Gads- for want of rain, as the rest of the

Record. den county tobacco is gradually crop did. I am well pleased and will The prices realized for fruit in all

Hundreds of acres of tomatoes in gaining a firm foothold in the markets use. it this year on all my crops.-" markets the past year have been very

all stages of growth were passed on of the Union.- Quincy Herald. Gainesville Sun. low, owing to large crops of nearly all

the way, and when the big Storer ---+0 .- kinds and in all places, as well as the
Already the LeConte has be
lemon grove in the "Bucke)t:" settle. factor pear in the In the returns for Eustis district for act that California's fruit crop was
come an important
the of the late in ripening, while the Eistern,
mcnt was reached the Michigandersbeheld financial calculations of West Florida census 1890 enumerator, A.

what they never saw before M. DeWitt, returned one thousand crop was earlier than usual, our early
farmers. In
fact : are depending
and will never see again until they many nine hundred as the population ol rait meeting with strong competition
the of
largely pears
return to Florida, a single patch ot upon crop this district, and the number of deathsfor 'rom Eastern domestic fruit. There
raise their bank
they may to augment the ten-or in hundred have been added to the list during the
tomatoes one fourth of a mile wide year one one
accounts. Now that it has been
and half a mile long, blooming and demonstrated that the best varietiesof and ninety of the population- year thirty-eight new stockholders,

ftu'tingin fanuary.-Bartow Courier. peaches can be successfully culti equal to five and three tenths nearlyper there being now issued! and fully paidup .

Informant.Mr. thousand-of these ten: two were 14.415 shares of stock.
voted in this section land
over eighty; two under six weeks, and The number of shippers increased
Louis! A. Hendry, of the lltndry have not been slow in planting out in
one an accident. The census department from 322 in 1890 to 453 1891,
House six orchards of this delicious fruit, and
caught a tarpon Monday
returned the report, stating it which certainly shows a. healthy
feet in length and weighing 125 pounds. unless some unforeseen circumstance and while the number of
was incorrect that there were at I least growth, cars
While there are thousands of tarponat should occur the farmers of Escambiaand thirty deaths, but after diligent inquiry shipped in 1891 was but little more

their accustomed feeding groundsin adjoining counties may reason- ol physicians, ministers and under- than in 1890. the gross tonnage was
the river, they don't take the hook ably hope for a large increase in their
takers, no more deaths could be found. much larger. The shipments were
readily and it i i" doubtless owing to revenues during the present year to bederived
Ti. is is a marvelous: low death rate, made from some thirty diflerent ship-
the continued cool weather. The fish from the pear and peach crop.
tnki ig in consideration the causes of ping points.
are sluggish, rather than quick and Pensarola News.DYSDODS1a!'. death.-Lake Region. Total number of carloads for sea-

,graceful, not playful as is usual with .
son, 1,387; 1890, 1,373; 1889, 991;
them, all doubtless owing to the chilly
1888, h51.Dbtribution.
Press.condition of the waters.-Ft. Myers is tho banD A MAN m/S45QI of carloads for season

1891: Chicago, 654; New York, 258;
of the present generation. It la for its HIS NEIGHBOR .
The production of moss now exceeds rnrvand tin attendants Rick Head- Minneapolis, in; Omaha, 94;

in pounds and equals in money ache Constipation and riles, that paid only$3i5. Paul, 54; Boston, 87; New Orleans,

value that of cct on. There a'e five gin r g tI 55; St. Louis,. 44; Kansas City, 20;

neries in, this county (Alachua) alone. .are. p FortheveTysamr 1 laeo.LI Louisville, 9; Buffalo, i.

Throughout the entire year each turns utt's Pillsba.e NeithernnewaercrthI a nickel; over$CCU.:: We have thus far received some

out two bales a day. The negroes :: Insure Ycur:elf 12.000 duplicate accounts of sales of

strip it from the trees while green and against paying rrlw-f shipments made which show that
61ta.t,ori.n by bnyin l
bury it in pit dug in the sand. Thereit become so famous. They artPetllly dired from 1,010,516 packages of fruit sold for
and gently 011 hedlcestlv*
remains until decorticated by the rRaae.! giving them tone and vigor to HIDDEN & BATES, :SaYanna. Ga. 1283431.61 gross, out of whichwas

aid of heat and moisture. It is sold to ...linl late food.No griping or nau0ea Who hare hot<>..****and that the****1cr*.I deducted $557,009.69 freight,
them thin
You r-tr't PIT more
ginners and prepared for mirkeL It Sold Everywhere. I aro actually worth. 1 hey are not built that way. $95.870.07 cartage, commission: and

is used to adulterate curled hair, for Office,3D&41 Fork Place,NX Write for latest rJCIALOFFEn8. storage, a total of $652,879.76, leav-



, .I and low owingto I For Brain Fag I NOTICE OF INSOLVENCY.IN .
ing $630,551.85 as net money re- large prices generally ,

* ceived by the shippers. But this ia the large crop of peaches raised in Use llorsford'g Acid Phosphate.Dr. COUNTY J DGE'S COURT, )

I not complete, as we have still a large the East, and also to the fact of their W. H FISHER, Le Sueur, Minn UCVA COCSTY.: FLORIDA.
IT'HERKAS, Chas. W. DaCotta. administrator
amount of fruit that is unsold or not crop being early while ours* was cor- says: "1 find it very serviceable in 1 of the estate of Ceo. C. Goodrich deceased,
Now if deduct late. The ship- debility sexual weakness late of the county aforesaid, having$ filed in the
\ accounted for. we respondingly grape nervous office of the County Judge of said county a written -
, from the amount of net money received ment was heavy and compared fairly brain fag, excessive use!\ of tobacco, as "suggestion of the insolvency of said a rate.

the charges and expenses on with other years in prices realiz-d.: a drink in fevers, and in some urinary notice any is nature hereby whatever given to gainst all person said having estate claimsof to file

I the fruit before leaving California, The first car shipped lest Vacaville, I I troubles. It is a grand good remedy the same. duly of authenticated aid county''on, orhefnrrtheSth in the office ofi'ountv
such as local .freight, loading, boxing, May ijih, the last car from San Jose, in all cases where I have used it." day of pril. A. D.. 1892. at which time there will

', packing, hauling, etc, you will still December 3d, making a season ol six I; be,a and pet administrator rata payment to creditor discharged.entitled thereto -

I reduce the net money from $125 to months and nineteen days Irom firstto Experience is one thing that cannot Witness mv name as County Judge of said
county, this i8th day of September. A. D.. 1891.
j even in some cases $200 per car. last. be transmitted. W. B. OWEN:

i And here I wish to call your atten- The railroad service this season has io-l-6m County Judge.

! tion to the necessity of using!'\ all possible been much bet er than last year, but --

' ,means to induce, not only the still there is plenty of room for im GONSUMPTIONp Hatch Chickens by Steam;

f transportation companies, but the re provement in the freight service, by IMPROVED EXCELSIOR INCUBATOR
remedy fir the above disease by its
I hare a positive
? frigerator car lines, to reduce the cost making a schedule time for all through use thousands of caaoi: rf t' o worst kind! and of; longstanding : do. Simi it Thousands>'*.t.l'rjttta ncoenfal. //-RrgWGJi-open,.

of transporting fruit to Eastern points fruit cars. : have been cared. Indeed 83 strong is 107 fait- Bwm .- to first-claM hatch a 1 vrer Hatcher perceaU made.
In Its cJcacy. tlut I w.ll aandTTO BOTTLES: .
j to such a price that will leave the The change of the rate of commission VALUABLE TREATISE on this disease: rzca.to any nf-nua Esnd64forIItuaUatak! eggs.at GJrurL.ltIAuttta.ysLI.I lea tops than any other..,
of the (erer who will sen!mo their Extras and 1-.O.address.T. .
| grower a larger proportion gross from 10 to cent. reducedthe
, 7 per A. Slocuui, HI. C., 183 Pearl St., N. Y.
sales. As to market the largely in- rebate, which was returned to the

I creasing fruit crop of the State it Union, from 3 to i per cent., and, FOR SALE

!I must be raised cheaply, transported with the low prices that the fruit gen or would exchange for bearing grove, and pay

' cheaply and sold-cheaply, so that the erally sold lor, made but little money cash diffeicnce Forty acres: of rich Pine Ham-
? mock land. Thirty acreS cleared together with
' consumption will be largely increased. received by the Union. But still we plank causeway, y4 mile Jun. with dock and

And when that is done California can are glad to be able to say that we have ferry River;I 4 mile miles from from Granamville Silver Spring1 on AddressA. Ocklawaha

and will furnish the NorthwesternI ,paid all expenses and have on hand TREAD, ,ELL,

I States with nearly their'entire fruit $3,822 92 which the board of trustees Peddln Cnnn._ I

supply, as .well as furnishing a large at a meeting just held appor s + FAVORITE SINGER.
amount to the more eastern and tioned as follows : A dividend of 6 Style n' shown in cut, with fan

southern portions of the United per cent on all fully paid siock. A ..fit attHcnmen is.*elf-eettingnee.
lie and eelf-threading
States. small sum was placed to the credit of You can pet: HKWU' achlnes oiciTI '

The cherry shipments were much the Reserve Fund and a rebate of It( if manufacturers.'Commissions of SaYeCanvasera $25. Sent on*-

larger than in any previous year, and of i per cent. declared to members trial. Warranted 6 yean.

I the results were generally very satis of the Union on their gross sales of CO-OFEUT1YE JEWIIfi IACKIIE CO., _-

factory. The shipment of Bartlett shipments. The amount paid as divi tw ff.P7 freight.. Philadelphia- --,1'8t ;;;--
-- "V
and dends and rebates reduces the net LAST BEAR Ub WHCLE
was heavy IT. '
pears very gen 9Z" 'tyzrBOOT I't I't tees: tea "Fraits tad ALI.tt.t.lat1l. LLTIVATOR. ; erally arrived in good condition, but commission to about 6jj per cent. L" L 1'ru1t'1'reel"-Free. Amer. For field gai den and grove. "The best cultivator -
Gardenttis: Morel.' USEFUL to the point. Orange Judd is the verdict of all who use it.
and I ever saw,
ruled low and unsatisfac- actually paid by the shipper only
prices very Fariafr:Ablf written,gives INFORMATION..CflFruit /. Works either level or on a bed; perfectly adjust-
tory on account of meeting with competition about y of i per cent. to meet the Graver:Surprising LOW priced) Apple,Paar.CherryPlamPRUNE.Pesch.Ap'tQnince.NatOr.Tms.. fti.B08CB -, tble;cleanest cutting; lightest draulChLvcry
The entire of conducting the !fit Jauflnt.ocktD HoBETTfE. cultivator fully warranted. Price$10.
from eastern Bartletts. expense -even/Miner. GODBEY & HARRIS,
I Nocaeiper.STARKRROS., ?ltt 6t..Louiftinn ",
shipment of peaches was not very Union. 6Io.-Poaaded18g.3OLDEBT 1000Acres.LARGE! I. Waldo Fla.3MHning .

r-- ,

Th.e $BeJ.1eV"ie CoiM/paxxy's:: : Gree1in.g.:

To. the Orange Growers and Market Gardeners of Florida:

We produce the Leading Phosphate of the world. It is the cheapest. It is the best. It is a quick, vigorous fertilizer. It increases the crops.


Analysis by eminent chemists show that it contains over 60 per cent of bone phosphate of lime that is available at once in soil water, the balance, 20 to 30 per

cent, become gradually available. Experts certify to its having: a value a3 plant food green as it comes from the mine, of over S.25 per ton as compared with com-

mercial acidulated fertilizers, and no danger in its use., The analysis of our Sjft Phosphate as given by Serge Maly van, of Ocala, is as follows:

.-......... ...... .............. Magnesia and soda ......... ..... ..:. 6,59
'Insoluble Silicate and Sand....... ......18.761 I Phosphoric Acid ...................... I Oxide of Iron .74 j I
27.631 I .......... ......... .............. 655
Caruunate Lime............ .............. 4.561 Equivaleut to Bone Phosphate Lime. ........ | Aluminum..,.. ... ................... ... 2.07 | Moi-ture
will be soluble gradual steep under influence of rain water, provided it is perfectly -
He says your Soft Phosphate, referring to the Belleview Soft Phosphate, by ,
burnt and in tine powder.
I Serge Malyvan\ pulverized says that after analyzing samples of Soft Phosphate from different mines throughout the State, that the only soluble Soft Phosphate is con-

tained in an area of about six miles at and aroand Belleview.The .
for and trees vines and strawberries and for cotton and corn it has no equal.
Brlleview Soft Pho3 good peach, pear orange grape
The analysis: of our Sjft Phosphate shows that every element it contains is: abjolutely essential a3 plant food, and every intelligent man will see the importanceof

buying plant food at so little cost per ton.

:More About Soft Phosphate. rowed this in. I did not measure the yield only gives them their dark green color? Certainly cation have ju't commence 1..to start& up. Mr.,of )San Ic-
of the firm of McMa ter Miller
it. I much nothing the !'Oil.a"*UN poor pine land. Neither M."ter
in cart as I gathered got an
The follow ng in regard to soft phosphate is from the sixteen tow. that h id soft phosphate on is it good cultivation. Chcrai-try teaches that Mateo. visited my grove a few days since and ex-
taken front the Gainesville Sun: t nimself as bein:: vary much astonished
phosphoric acil and presidl !
did from the thirty I he corn tree" re potash
it as I next rows. orange requ
That soft' phosphate in rapidly gaining favor at the growth of the tree who the soft phosphate
f lime a.dtheptueldu.lsofFluritretfuirehumus.
of rain the p-st
did nut for want as
dry up any
with the fruit and vegetable there is no h-d been applied. If will remember,
growers! the did. I am well pleased and will use: it In muck and pho-phate we have all but the you
sort of d .ubt. Those who have given it a test un- crop h. This added gives us a perfect fertilizer the first shipment of Phosphate! was made less
hesitatingly speak of it in the most compliment this year ou all my crops. and pota yet' there are men who tell u. that it will not than sixty days since, and until the last few dayswe
ary terms. Mr. George Saxon writing from { do that theraw mateiials: mu-t be manipulatedby I have had very: little rain.
Tallahassee, says: Soft Phosphate.Mr the chemi-t. and refined product fed to our I I am fully convinced that one ton of the Belle-
The ao t ph>-phate referred tom in the granulited treej. What nonsense! I don t believe any such I view Sod Phosphate" has greater value an a plant
article containing the elements\>f grmnd bone Sutton one of our Alliance! ex-editors, laws en erect into the Divine plan of Nature."- I food than a ton of any Fertilizer that. has ever
and SO per cent phosphate of lime (bone phosphate I I writes as fo.luws to the Florida Agricultu ist on a Field. been brought into the State.and I would warmly
) crude as it come ,tom the mine. This matter of much interest to our farmers: I Mr. -uttuii has since ordered thirty-five tons to recommcud Ls use to the orange grower in the
soft phosphate was put upjn cotton last year J I Now Mr. Editor I am the !same' cran1 still, his Welsbton.JACR.SOxVILLE. Mate. Yours truly
I I on adjoining
alongside<>f co>ton seed as lerti.izeis, and the rc- only more so. on the subject of muck loon put groves .1). GREENLEAF.
suit wa fally, or more than double, in yield of phate and home-made lertilizer, and lf" -
cotton over the cotton sted, while it gave lour Allow who killed the rattle Muke. I Pho"'l
times.the yield over the same land without any rattles to show. My trees are loo lug FLA., June 12. ISgl. CEDAR KEYS. FLA.. Dec. it. 159!.
fertilizer. Rev. T. W Moore of Leesburg lookedat cording to age than adjacent grove upon which C. B. SMITH. President nellevicw Phosphate Co., C. B Smith, President Belleview Mining Company
this crop while in ful fruittge and he aid th.t comuier-ial fertilizers have been us d. Muck I jackknviUeFluruta! : :
at that time that tie cotton fertilized by this soft lime, oft phosphate stable manure and potash i DEAR SIK-Enclosed: please find my order for DEAR SIK-Yours of lyth received. It gives
phosphate had three time more fruit on it th in will do me to ma e a grove with and I don't tw s more cars of S .rhosphate.. I have used I, me pleasure! to state that 1 have used nothing but
that fertilized wit c estimate may have been a little high I put it as chemical fertilizer men either. noticed with much inter st its eflect on ray orange past year. and I have been more than satisfied
above, but I am fr-e to admit that He U a better I. "Any one having any doubts as to the solubilityof tree, The first cir load I applied: to somethingover with the results. The trees are looking a. wellas
judge of such matters thin I am." I sift i> osphate would have these doubts removed five hundred trees,anti the results have been they h the ever looked e-en when I used expensive
) J. T. Smith, writing from Levy county.say:"I by visiting a small grove in Welshton limply mar\elou-i. The adjoining five hundred fertilizers Many persons have heard of
put soft phosphate on sixteen row., of corn last which has had no other fertilizer in the past two trees received no fertilizing and the difference my experiment, and Y"u phosphate has advanced
spring! about a four acre rieMofcorn.onabjutanaverage years th tn phosphate. It has not h id any cultivation between the two fields is sumethinlt w nderfu1.all iu their estimation.Very .
quality of the land. I broadc.strd theI thUse sun.and yet it U holding its own one side every trer has s'arted with a vigorous truly yours
I *ft phosphate over the land after caking it up with well-worked and fertilized groveIf nut growth. The finest foliage that I have ever seen KEV. F. R. HOLMAK.
well, at about two tons per acte. Then I har soluble, what makes these trees grow; what in a grove. The trees which received no appli .
"We offer this Phosphate at prices so low that it is in reach of every orange grower and gardener. Prices F. -. B. cars at Belle-view, Florida :

Per ton, UrLcJ.rlecJ, lr1 Bu.1I;. >I$6.00.OO
Per ton., r>rued, In. Bu..1I, .oo
Per ton, JBu.im.t9: GrOt.1I1c1. Fund :z3Fxoied. S
Put up 200-pound! sacks. Orders for less than one ton, 30 cents per ton extra. Terms, cash with order. Send orders, and apply for further particulars: ,

testimonials, freights, etc., to '
C. B. SMITH, President and General.Manager, Jacksonville, FlaU .


< "

T.-. -. -.' <.- ,
.1 \.. ,



BARTER COLUMN FOR SALE CHEAP-A carload of first-rlas!
Med orange trees. dill rent varieties never fflORIDAoiSPATCH FOR SALE.
befinite exchange otters: i inserted free. State injured by frost. IX. P. WALKER, Aujerndale, l 1GROWE:

what you hare and what want. l'ulk Co., 1013. 1-28-41 We have some of the finest Frost Proof lake
you RER.tfRUI
front ill the wh le State.
Op-n to uh. crih r- only. I J k.rlw w.uw... pruperti
COWOUOATCO JAfiUARt.UM. Phosphate lauds garden and truck lands nur-
FREE FREE FREE -- sery stuck and general supplies the plantation
FROM 101040 acres, close to river,8 mile! from or grove. Can locate a few choice homesteads.
>a, tu exch iiijfe for horse,cattle. or any CHAS. W. DACOSTA. Publisher.
thing useful. JAIDs LONG: Tampae.rcHT.a.WORD" PACE & HAMMOND.
1.7-tf Auburndale, Fla.

COLUMN. TerniN off Subscription:
,"H For one year........................ ....12 00 U,
.' .'. .... .-e.<..-.u im culuiim. Hilvcrtisetneutb -
must! be accompanied by the money. For six months .. .. .. ...... ..._.. 100
Advertisement must not exceed fifty words. z Qo- T c"b
Postage Stamps received in payment. IN FLORIDA 49 Subscriptions. In all cases cash In ad
Count every w nJ,including name and address 1
_. ... .._.... --.._------- ---- vance.
-------- -- -
FOR SALE or exchange for city property, 10 Rates of Advertising on application. c1
entice dry hammock land in Lawt..y,
REMITTANCE should be made by Check, c'i 92G znA3
Bradf"rJ Won h
Y. w. agojd7.roum: partly FREE .TO ALL. n >
true-; 1; a ,large piazza and a iro"d barn. Three Postal Note, Money Order, or Registered Let-
acres under cmmution,the balance abut ready
t). There ale about !oo, bearing tree:;. Price ter, to order of
$ISOO. Address C.: OLSON 20 East Bay street, 0y
Jacksonville Fla 2-i'-St FLORIDA DISPATCH AND FARMER ,

FORTY ACRU ..4 miles fi ou I'ampa; cleared: AND FRUIT GROWER,
tr e-: chicke i y.inU etc ; g. od hou'e Until April 1st, 1892, I will mall 1 to 1a
and + will sell .1lIOn.t11p.. Flo.DEAFNESS i7o A 3cn
buiMi'j.s price $75), or pa-t. all subscribers remitting $2.00 for
JAMES!' I ova Tamp a-n-jt

with renewal or new subscription,a copy trio n"G
NOR1'U CARoi.lNA strawberry crates, ,...
t> p and! bottom, tin corner, Alreadyput of "Whitner's Gardening In Flor- Z,1 ,!../ InC
up for chipping by expre-s. TI e best' in ,
mar t t F-,r price, address H. FRIEDLANDKK- ida." A
luterlachen, Fla. 2-n-2t ITS CAUSES AND CURE
To all who remit $4.00 I will send -

FOR SALH--Sec..nd'hand Thrasher machine, che p; this paper and the "World's Colum- Scientifically treated by an aurUt of worldi -
Kiigine Kelly Duplex .ltlp i I reputation Peahens rtdic-d! and
Fted Mill II qua Hay lies Picket and Wi e bian Exposition Illustrated," for
entirely I oure-l. of frm OtoS'yeHrs'sland tie.ifler .
VcnceVt'Q'ing Mac 'mile. Pony IManer. CompleteSet "I1 o h.r t tatmntH have filled. How
of Br+..,m Machinery. 'JOHN BRADFURO.Dradfordvlle one year, the subscription price of .W
he difficulty> I 1- reach! and fh cans re-
_itWANTED which Is $3.00 per annum.C. ,d. full': expaliMl In clrcu'ar.., with af- !
By a man of experience, a p)ilion J I tliI<*vltHMMl! I. stlni'i- sot fures. from promtn -
in an ura.ige giove. Ad peopl -. mailed free I
Box_40. Sail Mateo. Fla._. 2-li-3t Or. ..\. FONT 11\! F. IP Fret 14'l" J Ct :>:. V

FOR SAI.E-Whmpirwill pees per bushel f.o. rU LISIIETI.
$z.oo; C.*nch p:.,*(imnted quantity: ), p-r "SPRAYING
pound post paid zoc; Chufa send. JH.T poui d,
p< paid, ace: per P -ck. f. o b.. $'.50; pearl To the World's Fair Free. A SCIOOLIFittin < -.p 7*
millet per p".md. pji-t paid. 35C; four pounds, \ !' A
{1.25: ten p/Fund. t. o. b. $2.00. r>eml C ash with -\Ve have received the last issue of ,
order. KXCELSIUR nEED: FARM Kc=uka. Fl .. : I '
2.4-tf the World's Columbian Exposition :: voting riu for the active duties of life. I MJAILUR.E ?
Chartered by the; Legislature i cf Virginia and
5000 fine uranL e and lemon budPrice 3 o. o. Als i very desirable real I estateat organ And citizenjcfthecityvherelocated. i SpraJling II a
. a great bargain. J. t,.'DtlUIUX.: ::: lakeland Great Fair. The object= of this publication Forcta 10 ue.circul\rsa: nd testimonia 1 .address COMPLETESUCCESS
Fla. ___1-28-41 J. G. DUNSMOK13:: President,Staunton, Va. 1
is to give complete authentic V You we't.Mpropel'
(, 5.\LR-A limited quantity of very fine Ijn- -
qiiatAl!'o l earinsr ..rnII IlC. lemon and historical record of the Columbian Ex STATE BANK OF FLORIDA i ? ; t FunclclduOf"
peach grove Address E. D.. COATIS, Canton

Fla. 1-2S-4t position. It contains 32 pages of .official i t i Insecticide

OWHF.TCASSAVA! feed !'talkc. $1.50 barrel: at thepropel'
per and will .VOT IJACKSONVILLE' .. ." : r time.
:.P. on board car*. R. li. SMITH, Lawiey, l Kla. proceedings, give photo. _
.1'21'4t \V manufacture all kmds of Fungicides and Inraet
-=--- --- : printed on enameled In the
grnthiclIslalolls icldefl of the be&t qualities and pat them op
FOR SALE-Pure Bronze turkey and eggs in most convenient and economical forms for both dealers
season; jrohblrrhtrn' ; $5 per | air; paper, of all the exhibits, buildings FLORIDA. and users. Our pamphlet-the
eggs ?2.5Td zen. Pure Hrown Leghorn eggs, Ji ARC OF AGRICULTURE
for 13. order! for turkey egjjsbvwkedand filed and attractions of the Great Fair. Asa contains nsefnl and interesting information about e
in order. Ten di liar or-eiR for eggs dtliveied the fruit Garden the Orchard. and Vegetable Gar
free by express., D. C. CUTLER Ocila Fla work of art, containing the most interesting den,and how to get good

12141 information, it is invaluable Capital, $30,000.00Horseford's GARDEN SEEDS FREE!IIt
WANT Hl -At once two thoroughhred pig
kind age and price. LOCK. Uox :-Jot. 4. to all who wish to keep up with the girm prices and descriptions of Fangicidee and
Lee-bu g._.!... _i'2i-2t Acid PhosphateFor Insecticides.end the most approved Sprayta Pumps
,_ times and learn of the great International and Outfits. Special departments> on Truck FamUo.&
I WALLACE JENKINS; of Lake Helen, is Impaired Vitality and Staple Crops. Tliw book la free.
handling one of the heavi-t and by far thed Enterprise. Price $3 a
year post and weakened is W. POWELL & CO..
:e t \Wtin Tobacco siem brought into the : energy: wonderfullysuccessful.

Sl_:..t:. Yours respectfully, L. WALLACE::JI toSKISS.2i-3t: : paid, or 25 cents a copy. Subscriptions : Chemical BALTIMORE Fertilizer MD.Manufacturers, U.S.A.

taken this office where -
FOR At.H-Nunb Carolina strawberry crates a sam
for shipments bv Solid top WE TELL THE
xprev be
ple seen. Any person
and bottom till corners; already: put up with 32 copy may

baskets.Fla. Address LuTT ALL&,Jk., Interl r-i4-4t cheu, wishing a free trip to the World's Pair cmr TRUTHabout

should address J..8. Campbell Editor ? Seeds. We will send
I 2, Sand 4-YEAR OLD.KKIF- ; ,
FORLECON'TK. I'1 you Free our Seed Annual
."'RHH WR TH TO B. W. PARTRIuGE. MONTICHLLO. and Publisher, 218 La Salle Street, 1.1 for 1892, which tells

FLA. n-2otf Chicago, Ills. THE: WHOLETRUTH.

budded orange trees, vigorous and
healthy on stockn from I to 2 inches!' in di- "The Wot Id's Columbian E-r osiionIlltstraftd" ( i7
and f. b. at Oviedo. PHILLIPS .
ame er; sec 3oc. o. '
BROS., Chuluuta. Fla._i-i4-4t and the FLORIDA DISPATCH. We illustrate and give

WAMTEI'-O'iod gardeners to work fresh river FARMER AND FRUIT.GROWER for one prices in this Catalogue, .
i., land on share Trams furnished. which is handsomer than
Also! chnpp-rs wanted: immediately. Address I. year, mailed to any address, for $4 ever. I It t tellsNOTHING
M. I'EPiav' Manatee Fla. 1-14 4tPOK
C. W. DACOSTA ;' ... .. BUT THE
SALKOne second hand WashingtonI ,
I Press for sale cheap at this office Write for it today TRUTH
Write for narticiitar_ Publisher FLORIDA DISPATCH, FARMER (P.o. Box 1071 1D.M.FERRYt3 Attention, Fruit and Vegetable Growers.The .

G.\R. WEED SEED Perfectly clean and AND FRUIT-GROWER. CO., DetroitMich No. 3 Cutaway,"-(eet wid< at 313.50; cash
BH pure seed: free from chaff; sow 6 to 8 poundsper with order. Full stock in warehouse. Send for
acre broa-icasi harrow in; supply limited; circulars. I;. S. HUBBARD. state Agent .
price per pound any quaniity. ?$C.. or by mail f" Federal Point Fla.
35C. Seutl'-a hvuh order to EXCELSIOR SEED
FARM Kcnka. Putnam Co.. Fla. ijtfFOR New Planet t Jrs" TOOISm GRUB AND STUMP PULLER.

SALK;-Choice budded orange tree, must
sold t', make room atsuma. Pineapple
; the most and Grub
have practical powerful
and Jlom'AA\AA.' solicited.
5C. T,D. VILLJA Correspondence S. S cretarv. Waldo. Fla.Price Among other things TWO NEW GARDEN DRILLS. One sows either ti WE bing Machine on earth. Simple in construe
IN DRILLS OR HILLS the other in addition, SOWS FERTILIZERS EITHER tion and operation.Vi11 pull a lo-inch tree o
to W. C.Tilzhman. Patatka Fla.. for stump with one horse in 7 to 4 minutes' tiract
"WRITE regarding his book on nature'slaw ABOVE OR BELOW THE SEED. Will do the work of to men. With proper care i
that controls the !sex. It i is of J't'eataln to Great improvements too in "PLANET JR." COMBINED SEED DRILL AND will last a life time. We have safety lock, a
stock breeder, far with it you can have either take-up on the spool that saves wearing the rope
male or (cnnle at will. No'humbug because it WHEEL HOE, in the DOUBLE AND SINGLE WITRKT: HOES and marked ):ut in a short time-one of the principal objections -
can i-e had to be paid for when you are satisfiedas changes in HORSE HOES AND CULTIVATORS. to all other machines of this cla s. We
to its merits. t ii-io-iot guarantee satisfaction to our patrons. Price of
The i fine NEW TOOLS offered in 1891 are made still more attractive for 183 3. machine complete P. O. B. cars Sigourney Iowa,

1:OREU.N GR.PHor: hest.earliest and.' SEND IMMEDIATELY FOR NEW CATALOGUE full description of all the 175 and $85. Agents wanted. Territory for sale.
1 relioble :
rust '
experience Florida.\ Chacselasl.uttichau,)) goods as now made. It is impossible to undertake any satisfactory description here. Write for catalogue.IOWA GRUBBER CO.,

eleine mite and other! Send for circuit. Ia-I I S L. ALLEN & CO.,, 1107 Market Philadelphia, Pa. xe-2-i7t Sigourney Iowa.
LurricuAr : Fla.
VON Karleton -. .. : ; J ,





THEJacksonville Tardiff Orange and Leonardy Grape Fruit. FLORIDA I

Tampa LAST spring buds on stocks from % to 2 inches in diameter. As thrift, healthy

well-rooted trees as can probably be found in the State. The Leonardy .

C Grape Fruit, though a hybrid grape fruit and sweet orange, is practically a typi-

& Key West SystemAND cal grape fruit of superior quality. Alto Mango and Avacado pear trees.

n-i2-3m CYKUS; W. BUTLER, St. Petersburg, Fla.'


---- Organs, .
Extending Southeast, South and $35.Always; ready for QUICK SHIPMENTS of Finest
On trio hi and Organs Direct to Your: Ih sues.
Southwest from Jacksonville cover youhomabtor -
From REV. J AS M. POTTS, D D.edi'or of Mich-
paring"'ji igan Christian. A \'ocate.lktroit.\tich.: : "To siy that
over one thousand miles of tropical themAddresi, we are deiijjhted 1 with the Pian-, does not express
the fa.t. We are jul>.l.uit. If all YOur instruments'
country, and reach all prominent : The T.Strotr & Son Pianos & Organs! are a* fine in appearance and a... pfeaMiig' in tine as -THE-
I BEAVER:: FALLS. PA this one, your patron will rise by the hundred." /
Florida (central & feqinsular
winter and summer pleasure resortsof -From PROP. E. H PKCK., Valhermoso Springs, Ala.: "We could nl be pleased hitter with .
the casing! 'or tune: quick in responseand! melodious. In shirt we are highly pleased' with the organ."
Florida : From B. I). GRK(era, Atair'iIle: Ga.: "I am well pleased with the organ in every respect. It is RAILROAD I CO.
all.vim claim i'' to l he."
From Y M. C. A per J. G. COOLEY lIill..boro. N. C.: "The organ gives rntire sati..r..ction.I'el' The Florida Trunk Vise
THE EAST COAST, }' one who has.s n"t is very much pleased 1 with the i instrument! and the. price on the same."
From HEN F. STKELE. I I'rescot. Ark."My: famIly IS well pleased in every respect; wit i the
THE GREAT LAKE REGION, r rifan How von H1 them o o cheat '. a wonder" -AND-

In addition to Its long-established connections

THE AND ORANGE GRO.VES GROCERS G S AND COMMISSION N MER! GH ANTS, River Junrt.on sonville: ,with Live and the Oak 1'einandlna North, t.allahanJack-by ,

THE .FRUIT. AND VEGETABLE DEALKOS IN- Has this season reopenedfie

: ffcomasville and fllocticello Rcu
SECTIONS. Coal Grain Win Tobacco Etc e.
Hay, s, Liquors, Cigars, In connection with the S., F. & W R. R.;the
Alabama Midland and the L.&: N.and the lines
I JACKSONVILLE, FLA. leading from Chicago, St. Louie Kansas City;
and the North and West.


II.ark..r..1 75 J OJ I in 1C"',......-.....--.......-....83.111 Jacksonville and Tampa.Fast .
I ..rMiir Vitllry_........................... 5J.OO I I. V.re1/1i1t I llult... ............_..._.._ 4.O Schfdttlff I'nltnmn; blerjtrrx. all Modern -
pri"gV 11 I.'). .... ..........._ ?.,)" Olil /t1srb/tl ...._.-...-.. --....-_ 5.O' Ju lliray Inij i or\tin nig.
urlli Cur: lists Corn..... -....... 2 5O h....tuCwl .S. IIr .atoll .........._. o.U
Tho TrODical Trilnk Lino. C 1 irtuu Club _.................. ...... .........-.. I Old It..I4e r .... ......._............._ 5 ,t|on fro*, \VlvrtJ'v ... ...__...-_......_."G.OO
Is the greatest artery of travel through the
!;s extra: 1 gallon --5c. 2 gallon 50c.( 3 gallon 75c. Remit by post om> finest parts ot Ficnda,traversing twenty-iour

These lines are equipped with the nosey order, chick or rcjriMvivd lC'llcr.'c Cannot ship C. () 1). tu dry towns.A rountfes-OadsdeivJeuerson, Duval,Alachua
complete price list ol Groceries, and Wine list sent tree on application. Lake. Leon, Suwanuee, Nassau, Let y,Orange
Hillsborough, Wakulla, Columbia. Clay
latest modern for
improved appliances .Tr>>, OlnvU < AO'n Marion, Polk, Manht.Madison. Baker,brad-
n or>
ford, Sumter, Heraaudoand UeSoto-in their
the safety and comfort of passengers.Our richest portion. It runs through the Middle
Established 1856.! 200 Acres in Fruit Nursery Florida Region of Hllllountr3.! : where are
patrons call them the the tine old
ONE ACRE UNDER GLASS. I'arniliifLands and the New Tobacco

FRUITLAND NURSERIES (reached by no other line). some of them con-
ducted on a large scale. Here are Quincy,
Trains leave Jacksonville, via J., T. I Tallahassee (the car[ ital),Montitello Madison
Augusta., ( .uriu.; and other towns, tram whose comfortable,
& K. W., 8.50 a. m., daily except II dwellings, reposing in a fertile country -
is coming a renewed energy to employthe
Sunday m. daily We offer for Fall and winter deliver! an luimeiiie >t. fk of Fruit I\n't! Ornamental 1 tree- resources lavished about them. Stretch
; 12.15 p. ; 4.00 p. VM! > H >.UKI| It "'*lin-k ..f Eve'gr1: .rn',4 MrnelllHs", Urrfiiliou... pinnt....etc. J'rarh
m., daily except Sunday. Arrive 6.30 Our pnnlucit have been trRlej in "',urhi.. for tulrty-three years p*"L. C Baker, Bradford, Alachua and Levy counties -
a. m., 12 55 p. m., 6.10 p. m. No- AjrlIIILs3. at.ddre.' through the prosperous

P. J. BKRGKMANS Air r wrr// 1.'I'.1IIS

s Trains leave Jacksonville, via East list, of Lawtey, Starke and Waldo, perhaps superior -
in profit to tho orange jro.e-it goes
Coast Lines, 8.00 a. m., daily; 4.00p. I through the heart of the State penetrating
some of the tmest groves, one bat ing

m., Sunday only; i.oo p.. m., daily NURSERIES OF THEMilwaukeeFlorida 7OOOO .'" -olrlt'fl Oraiiye Trrr,

passing for nearly a mile between thcm-
except Sunday. Arrive 11.50 a. m., Co. .making its way touthv std to tic Gulf. and to
Orange the more tropical jortionsot tie btt te.: In
5.40 p. m.INDIAN. all portions ot the State it reaches points of

Selected strains of Choicest Varitties of Citrus Fruit Trees a Sjv daily.Hu .'eenIeInt.r.st.
RIVER STEAMERS.Leave tdlu::-W,.0.1 l for sale at all times. Wakulla Springs in the West, the Suwan-
nce River, as beautiful and romantic it is
Our stock is large and comp'ete. PROMPT ATTENTION:: 10 COIUt PO.sD"SCK. For famous! bilver the lake region
Titusville 6.00 a, m. daily Catalogue and! Ice-List ",, add.ess, and the lakes themselves, With their surroundings -
of rolling land intersjersed with

except Sunday for Rockledge, Eau A L. DUNCAN, Manager, Dunedin, Fla. pleasant tho clear homes lake in green ironts.groves By ,menus slot ing of downto this

Gallie, Melbourne, and way landings. -- --- road you can most readily reach the

1892 For Over Thirty Tears llttnilny and lhlmj (irountlg.
Leave Titusville 7.00 p. m. Mon. The settler will find on the line of this roada
we! have always had very pleasant dealings together, the greater opportunity for arced selection
days, Wednesdays and Fridas, for public and myself, and 1 again have the pleasure of of land than on any other road in the State-
4 gEGOR presenting to them my Annual Vegetable and !' from lightest soils to those underlaid with
lower Seed Catalogue It contains the usual I clay and marl, and of richest hammock-
Jupiter and way landings : Connect- i immense variety of seed,with such new kinds added i whether t ir regular mixed farming, stock or
I = have be real acquisitions. laisingmany
as proved to
t .. of th se varieties myseli. on my four seed farms, dairy farming, peach or strawberry culture,
at Jupiter with trains of & L. : .
ing J. Cq'i Al.O Y and testing others, I am ably to warrant their freshnest on ne groves' and vegetable gardens.The
and purity,under such reasonable condition*as are contained tourist ill be gratified with its scenery.
''l W. Railway for all points on Lake in my Catalogue Having been their original intro The health-seeker on its ample route can f nd
ducer. Iam I headquarters choice Cory Corn.Miller Melon some spot adapted to his wants. On the hard
Worth. Eclipse lleet. Hubbard quash Deep Hcnd. All Seasons anJWarren clay roads of Middle Florida the lOMemtn
Cabbage.Kic.. Ftc. Catalosrue l-'Ui-Ktoall: will ride with speed and satisfaction and the
Mais.j .
tJ. I. U. OltJCGOJtY & &OA, Murbleheud
Florida Central and Peninsular is the
For schedules, maps,: etc., call on '
T t'All\IK uvb.uru: >-AiNr.THE "1mrtlfm"" Itotttf.
'ocal or address the General NOTE.-Passengers from Northern connec-
PAINE MRULIZER I COMPANY tions having tickets over the Florida Central
and Peninsular to points in South Florida
Passenger Agent.R. JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA. have the privilege of being taken into Jacksonville -

1 B.. CABLE W. I*. CRAWFORD. Office 5J West Bay Street, Warehouses an Whirve.
General Manager Supt. East Coast Lines St John River J.icktonvPIe. ticket, wit'i return to their route for destination -
free of extra charge. Send for map of
J.,T.&... K. W. System. St. Augustine Fla. Manufacturers of Commercial Fertilizers. Florida, mailed free.A. .
NVho.esale de lers in ant Importerof femJ-of AS Icultural Cnenaicl Jacksonville, Fla.

General. Passenger Agent. Send us your name andre will m its'' you from time" t Ume .much gener.lllnCormatlon N. S. PENNING TON, Traffic Manager.D. .
i 1::. MAXWELL General Manager.
Jacksonville Fla. regarding succes&iul orange and vegetable culture in Florida.R. ,

.', ,. .
; /






Q :;



Co,.,. : 0 Latest Designs in Parlor and Bedroom Suites in Antique Oak
4:' '7' T ,. Mahogany, Cherry, Walnut and Imitation. Hall Stands

ol1clte(l. \.J S Bed Lounges, Willow, Reed and Rattar.:

4. Goods, Desks of all Kinds and

WE SELL "" Hi, / AND !**, Styles.
42 W



.Carpett Meetings, Curtains, Window Shades, Hanging Lamps, China and

Crockery Sets, Tin Toilet Sets, Mirrors, Curtain Poles and Brackets.

Hotels Boardinor Houses Shies, Steamers, Offices and Private Residences; Furnished from Top to Bottom.

Lam'Wben writing please mention this paper.



DIAMOND "D" HARDWOOD ASHES in themselves are one of the most valuable their 'continued use a strong productive soil is being made which will require yearsto
: and in those conditions of soil where a large amount of phosphoric exhaust.
acid is required, no agent is so valuable for the decomposition of Bone, or Florida This brand has been shown by Prof. Robinson's report on Hard Wood Ashesto
Phosphates, as these ashes. be the best in the Florida market. They are now better than ever, and, without
The combination produces a fertilizer rich in all the elements required by light doubt, are the cheapest fertilizer Florida growers can use. For other particulars
soil, and in a condition that prevents leaching by rains, the result being that in address

ti s-sm C. E. DePUY, Stockbridge Mich.



S P R' Ll'.t 1.YICui IIIIpWYeJ 4 i 1 larNyeMU OUf 1'Cr1.xNN l.*-d<. THOSE;
..mplre Ku pimir lira itqui-t aui.manc.By*ii a e male lira Little CJrm*n I Garfield Spr yer*and the Vcrmort nuwnrl.l.
.pr T Mottle,nwMt ro i .mieal spray mule IN th .Alto Horw Paver Sprmjrrr law price.
r* rll Sulphur M Copper.P.ri.Ciwii and l**Aiat Pnrpl.at.h.iwale] pricM. CaialAeao liv e.Wn us4dreu Growers and Growers
platulyirioe i eounty.FELD FORCE CMP C0.186 Bristol Ave.LUCIa't1BT\.T. Orange Vegetable


DISCOVERY ACCIDENT Who wish to obtain the highest market prices on their Oranges and Vegetables to
NEW use the fertilizers manufactured by the

In compounding a solution a part was accidently spilled" on the band
and on washing afterward It was discovered that the hair was completely -
rem ved. We at once put this wonderful preparation. on the OLD ESTABLISHED AND RELIABLE FIRM!
market and so great bas been the demand that we are now introducingIt
throughout the world under the name of Queen's Anti-llalriiie,
": Lay the hair over and app'y the mixture for a few minntrg. and the
hairdieappearsasifbymagic aithouttheslightest pain or Injury Len .of Pawtucket, It. I.,
applied or ever afterward. It is unlike any other preparation ever f'd
= =- fora like purpose. Thousands or LAIR1.1'Suhobane) been annoyed Who manufacture only the highest grades of animal fertilizers. These fertilizersare
:&f with natron their FA CK.FCK and TIMS attest Its merits.
._:: k: KNTI.ICM who dODot'rprt'f'latea beard or bair on their neck, so made that they keep up a Vigorous, Healthy Growth, and remain in the
!l'_ -- ---: --f!!: find a priceless boon In Queen Ant J-IIalilne which does away soil until the Tree or Plant can take it up.
with Shaving by rendering it* future growth an utter Impossibility
Price of Queen's Anti.IIatrlne fl.per bottle pent In wfetr mailing boxer postage paid"by us(securely Southern office and warehouse at Jacksonville, Florida.O. .
sealed from observation). Send money or stamps by letter with full address written plainly. Correspondene -
ir'ctly confidential ThU' advertisement' .IK honest and straight forward in every' word It B. WEEKS, State Agent,
contains. We Invite' yon to d-al with n.flntl yon will find everything' as reprpsentpd' Cut this out ands
'nd to-day.: Address QUEEN CHEMICAL CO., 174 Race Street,CINCINNATI O. You cnuregister :No. 8 Bottwlck Block.
your letter at any Post Office to Insure its safe dellvi ry. Wewill pay>S.00 for any case
or fail are or slightest Injury to any pnrclia-er. Every bottle Ruaranteed. I Catalogues describing our fertilizers, with prices and testimonials, sent free
SPECIAL ladies who Introduce' and cell among their friends 28 Bottles of Qu(>en'.Antl-Halrlne application.Our .
U- st off allk win to preaent aelect with from sent SILK with DRESS.order.15 Good yarda Salary best.or Commies!a t agent and samplM sPRAY I upon fertilizers have given the very best of results wherever they have beer

used. 10-29-Om


_ of Apploa.Pears Cherries I SI K A V"Q r t ;
Wormy Fruit and Leaf Blight EXCELSIOR\
Qfli 1 Or ape and Potato Rot Plum Curcuha prevented by using _<.UT Ft T$.' a, OF
Ing iniurious insects to Fruits mailed free Ifirire Mock of Frnit Trees,Vine. .
and Uerry .'lant*at llottoui Trice Will.STAliL*Qulncy,1U& + = FANCY POULTRY.



11 from my yards, by express,
r g will go at one-half the former
rates a great saving to my customers.
I ", r This is by special arrangement -
and is confined tot
-.", -A, SURE CURE FOR- '+ fowl from my yards.
We are the largest breeders ol
thoroughbred poultry in Florida.
: .3 Come and see our stock or send
.: .b 7 !. ,*for our illustrated catalogue and
Mal De GOD1a. } price list of 14 vari ties.
: j .. Poultry supplier of all kind
? Incubator and Brooders. Shell
and Bone Mills, clover Cutters
Wire Netting,Desiccated Fish andBuiled



-_- E. W. AMSDEN

,::.. _.;",('.- -: I


&. .........
.. .
; Y



______ ._u._______


--- --



The magnificent Steamships of this Line are ap-

pointed to sail as follows, calling at Charleston, S. C., t > i SlG fi"* lbr < (. 41tt i
both ways : t .*; i*r i ,* *n -. -/


From New York. From Jacksonville, :
; (Pier 29. E. R.) STEAMER Florida.. I

I Wednesday Jan. 2that3F. M. ....."CHEROKEE,"......Tuesday, Feb. 2d at 790 A.M
Friday Jan. 29th, at 3 P. M......"SEMINOI.E, "......Thursday, Feb. 4th at 900 A. M
{ Monday Feb. 1st at 3 P. M........"IROQUOIS.". ......Mindiy, Feb. 7th at IIOOA. M
Wednesday, Feb. 3d, at 3 P. M...... 'Y 1\IASSEP..Tuesd y, Feb. gth at 1:30 p. M
Friday Feb. 5th. at 3 P. 1:......"ALGONQUIN.".....Thursday Feb. ihhj at 2:00 p. ;_
Monday, Feb. 8th,at 3 P. ."CHEROKEE" ....Sunday Feb. 14th, at 5:00: A. M
Wednesday, Feb. loth, at 3 p. M......."SF MINOLE..Tuesday, Feb. i6th, at 7:30: A. M
Friday Feb. 12th, at 3 P. M........"IROQUOIS,". ......Thursday, Feb. 18th, at 8oo'A.M
Monday, Feb. 15th, at 3 P. M.... 'YKMASeKE." .....Sunday, Feb. 21st, at 10.00 A. M
Wednesday, Feb. 17th, at 3 p. ,[......ALGONQUIN," .....Tuesday, Feb. 23d at 12:00 NO'N
Friday Feb. 19th, at 3 r. M..CHHKOKEE..Thursday, Feb. 2Sth, at 2:00: p. M
I Monday, Feb. 22d at 3 P. M......." SE nNOLE."......Sunday, Feb 23th, at 5:00 A. M
i Wednesday, Feb. 24th. at 3 P, M.'IROQUOIS.Tuesday, Mar. ist, at 6.00 A. Ml
l Friday 0 Feb. 26lh. at 3 p.1.1..YEMASSEI.Thursday, Mar. 3d at S.OOA.M:
Monday, Feb. 29th, at 3 p. M...... ALGONQUIN,"......bunday, Mar. 6th, at 10-30A.M
Steamer Jolan G. Cl1ristoph..er:



February 18, 8 a. m. Thursday February 25,3 p.m.
Sanford and Intermediate Points Thursday March 10 3
Enterprise on Thursday, March 3, Thursday, p.m.

St. Johns River. Tills stf'ulIsII'lIU111\ been built etipeelally fur carrying Fruit and f'ryftables, and i.
perfectly rentllated. TilurbriwrrliJaeksourllleanti AVir York 72 hour

: The Elegant Iron Side-Wheel Steamers Gen'l Man'r Jacksonville.
j ; Agent, Jacksonville. Agent, New York. ,

: ''.CI'1 Y OF* jAo SONVILLE "
.: ; ,
? ..t': CAPT. W. A. SHAW, .

I FIE] D'I: De13AIZY, 53 to 55 hours between Savannah, New York and Philadelphia, and

CAPT. T. W. LUND, JR., between Boston and Savannah, 65 to 70 hours.

Are appointed to sail from Jacksonville daily except Saturday at 3:30: p. m', and from Sanford
' I' daily except Sunday, at 9 a. m. COMPANY.
Leave 3:30: p. :.r.......... ............. ....Jacksonville..............................Arrive 11:45 p. M
.. 8xx P. a[.... ............... ........PalatKa................. ..............Leave 7:00 p. M 1 LJ..ssCl.a.e 12tttt 54 I
$4 1030 A. M.......................... ...\stor.................................. It 2.00 P. M I
2:4SA. M. II 12:45: p. M Between Jacksonville and New York: First-class $25.60; Intermediate, $19.00. ; Uxcursion,'$4J.,50 .
5-oo A. M................... ..... ...Beresford; ........ .. :: II145 A. M Meerage,$12.50.
6:00 A. M..f.Bluehprings. 11:00: A. M Intermediate $21.00 Excursion $47.30; Steerage, $14.25
II Jacksonville and Boston : Cabin. $27.00; ;
Arrive 8:00: A. M. 9:00: A. M to sail as follows:
9:13: A. M..... .nte'rpnse...... II 9:30: A. M The magnificent Steamships of this Company are appointed

General Passenger and Ticket Office, 88 West.Bay St., Jacksonville.F. [Central or Po Meridian Time.]

Jr., Florida 88 KaiiftiiM", City........................................................Monday, Febuary ist 7.00p.m
M. IIIONMONGKll.\ Passenger Agent West Bay St., Jacksonville. Fla.tY. ... ................... 'ednrad' 3d
Clmttalioocftee ............................ \ +y, February ,9.00a.m
.. F. OGDKN FAY, Traveling Passenger foot Agent of ,5 Bowling Green New York.J. Xacoocliee............................................%...............Friday, February 5th. ooa.m
O. PKLOT, Freight Agent.on wharf Hogan Street Jacksonville. Fla. uf llirmiiiKliiiiii...............................................Saturday, February6th,12.oom
JOHN L. IIOAVA11O, Florida Freight Agent foot Laura Street, Jacksonville. Fla. City City of Augusta- ....................................................Monday.. February, 2.30 p.m
J. A. LESLIE.. Superintendent. foot Laura Traffic Street Jacksonville. Fla.MARSHALL. Tallahassee..........,............................. ............Wednesday, February Loth,4cop.m
II. Yf; Assistant York.
CI Manager 5 Bowling.Green. New Kansat City.......................................................'.'Friday, Fe' ruary izth,5.30 a.m
TIIEO. G. KGKK, Traffic Manager 5 Bowling Green New York.WM. Cliattahoochet.................................................... turday. February 13th, 6.30 p.m
Xacoocliee................... ..................................MondayFebruary15th,7.oop.m
P. CLYDE & CO., Gen'l Agents, City of IJIrmlnuliam..................... ,.'."....... .........Wednesday February 17th, 8.30a.m
City of Augusta. ...................>..:.......................Fri lay February iQth, 9.3oa.m
12 South Wharves, Philadelphia. 5 IJowlIng Green, New York. Tallahassee..Saturd'y, February 20th. io.ooa.m

Kansas City ...........4......................................DiondayFebruaryndI2.oomChattahoochee..Wednesday
February 241 h, 2 30 p.m
N Nacoochee......................... .................................FridayFebruarya6th,4.00 p.m
City of IJlrmlnplmin........................ ...................Saturday February 27th 500 p.m
All City of Augusta..... ........... ...................%............Monday, February 29th, .3op.m


Macon. .............................. .......................Tuesday.' February 2d, 8.00a.m
Gate City......................:...................... .............. ...Friday, February 5th ii.ooa.m
City of avannah....%................................ .......Wednesday, February loth,4.00 p.m
4 -ow feilALL ruUiTft. Kev B crlDtlTt C.c.tias Free. T. S. 11DUBABD CO., FEEDOMA, fl.SWIT .J. City of Maron\ ...................................... ...............Sunday, February 14th, 6;a.ra
--- -- Gate City........................... ............................Wednesday, February 17th, 8.30a.m
City of mvaimah.... ....... .. ...................................Monday. February<1.12.00m
ESTADLISIIED 11175.r City or\Iaeon. ............................................ .....Friday, February 26th. 4.00 p.m
I Gate City.........'.','............................................Monday, February agih, 6.00 p.m

1e. (This Ship does NOT Carry Passengers.)

I :. WHOLESALE Deaaoug............_..................................... ...........Tuesday February zd, S.oo a.m
)Jesilou! ..............................................................Friday February I2th 5p.m
Dessoug...... .......................................... ............Monday, February 22d, 11.30a.m

Grain; Garden Seeds and Fertilizers THESE PALACE STEAMERS,

BAY STREET Connecting with the Savannah. Florida and Western Railway (Waycros Short Line), offer to the
20 WEST JACKSONVILLE FLAI Traveling Public and Shippers advantages equaled by no other line.
Through Ticket and Bills of Lading issued to principal points North, East and Northw st'yfa'
Savannah. For information and rooms apply to
B. R. PRICE. Soliciting Agent, W.II. LUCAS. Fla.. Pas+ Agent
77 West Bay Street, Jacksonville. 77 West B y Street.Jacksonville.
Corn Oats Flour Bran.Wheat Grits Meal' R. L. WALKER Agent C. G. ANDERSON. Agent.
! Hay, New Pier No.35. North River New York. City Exchange Building, Savannah, Ga.
RICHARDSON & BARNARD Agents, Lewis' Wharf, Boston
COTTON SEED MEAL Both Bright and Dark. W. L. JAMES. Agent. 13 S Third Street Philadelphia.J. .
D. HA t G. M. bORRE'-, Manager. W. E. ARNOLD, Gen. Trav. Agt., Jacksonville Fla.
For Tickets apply to S., F.&W.Railway office.

J. E. Tygert & Co.'s you need stationery of any kind-paper I >
j NITRATE SODA DO pens and ink? If'O. send to DaCosta Prut \\1A" LEo SICKLY-
Star Brand Fertilizers. ing and Publishing House,Jacksonville.Fla

QUAKAKTKKD A ALYSIS.'A' 81i: $ Cash with order.Mote's Hiatt Auto-I -Al90KIHG [HI lD (N
ComprWng.... it IS.oo mat'C Staple Orange Sizer will size .
' 250 boxes per day 11 ludreus now in UAt. Send
Tree and .nDiect to SPASMS are mod likely troubled with
! Orange Vegetable for testimonial sheet: order early. Thi i ac- The Seat raneei for thl.J.the J..b.tf04
KAINIT, ETC knowledged aU to be the best And cheapest iMiimw.B.A.rAHNESTOCKtSVERMIFUCE.
sizer in"existence.Leesburg E. H. MOTE SIZER Co., t B n60 years rt1ea
These Fertilize have no superior In the market and a trial will convince Fla. 1 -22'10t I Urly JhaUb-IniW&1.ar.B.A.tbw.voldinxlmtatlcaa

.. .---. .. ".... ;. ,
.::.::: .. ::;> : : :

./ ,0T

-.-,- -' ,. '- ". ..
".. ;

I .




: and Bone, .' .Chicago Bone Meal, "

.' Dark and Cotton Seed Meal
Pure Fine Ground Bone, :- Bright

Animal Bone and Potash, -Tobacco Stems, ',:.

Blood Bone and Potash, Canada Hardwood Ashes, -'-

Pulverized Animal Bone, Sulphate> of Potash, &o.

:' .
: : Fruit and -V-in.e. :J3earin.grrees..

Orange: Tree :3Fooc3., Young: Trees.

'Vegetable an.c1. :Jo"ta1io 3r-ro"'VVer.

GEO. E. WILSON, 50 West Bay Street, Jacksonville Fla.


As Florida oranges are noa, staple fruit in the English markets, to obtain profitable prices, in the future it will only be necessary to export good quality and
land oranges in good condition in the foreign markets.
:Messrs. Smith & Crouch, one of the largest, best and most reliable fruit firms in England, say of the Liverpool market, that the demand is now so large that 5,000
boxes, weekly, could be handled up to January 1st, with satisfactory results if the fruit is sound on arrival.As .
one of the largest exporters of apples in New York and as a large importer of fruit from England, my knowledge of the carrying ability of steamers enablesme
to select the best to ship by.
Representing the best firms in Liverpool and Glasgow, and having my own house in London, are also further reasons why shippers should send through me.
In order to export oranges;shippers can consign their fruit to me to New York. If on examination it is in condition to forward,I will have the same placed on the
'best and fastest steamer,and send a Bill of Lading as evidence of shipment to shipper. If not sound enough to export, I will either turn the lot over to any New York ..:
fi m the owner may designate, or sell it myself at auction. K .
The-best: steamers land in Liverpool l, so that a cable report of sales recetved-in New York in twelve days after sailing. A check covering about thea
i punt of the proceeds is tl thif.cargoes to the shipper, by me. In twenty days from date of shipment from Florida it is thus possible to have the proceeds in .
the hands of the shippers. ,
Please note the folIowingTfacts :
Large sizes of oranges,112's-126's, bring as much as 150's and 176's. No matter if oranges are shipped green and are sour, the earliest possible shipment. pay. .
Dead Green Spanish Oranges always bring the highest prices, being the only kind in the market. Oranges must not be shipped from New York later than December1st.
There is no demand after the holidays until March 1st.
-T Advances of 75c. per lax on your fruit will be made to such shippers as need money, and such are authorized to draw on me with Bills of Lading attached.
Further particulars, and stencils will be furnished by .
E. L. GOODSELL, No. 103 Park Place, .


No. 15 Philpot) Lane, London, Eng. ,. \




I, Bowkefs

1iQir; 3 Vegetable Grower.

Uniform good results In every reject
the very best hi Fertilizer I ever '
used." J. B. Wyatt, Supt. Fair Oaks
to Groves, Manatee, Fa.

4 .. VEGETABLES GROW in 60 to 90 days,

I do best on a manure that

i is available and about ready to nourish.

Bowker's Vegetable Grower is a special fertilizer,

FERTILIZERS I made to produce a vigorous, healthy growth, and

is composed of chemicals especially adapted. to i
vegetables, which feed this class of in a
They produce a strong growth of wool and a large yield of the best quality fruit. Mr. F.C.Buffum, crops
ol Stanton Fla..says; "I am cultivating nearly 300 acres of orange and lemon trees and a nursery manner to produce a healthy growth which with.
the largest in the State and I have experimented with and tested all the high-grade fertilizers
ofierrtl lot sale in the" State.and I find yours more satisfactory than any others I have used." Send stands disease and matures early. For sound, i
for our beautifully illustrated pamphlet.

BRADLEY FERTILIZER CO., 27 Kilby St., Boston | AUGUSTASGA'l the delicious BOWKER vegetables Fertilizers.of good shipping quality, use


t FARMERS ana Ja and GM'ntu ova 4 free.O.P. I Send for Illustrated Catalogue, Free.
DtLOlCH HILL CO..AtluU.t Ga.uU"r .
.' wii LltOjfjMjiftefteAfitgb. BOWKER FERTILIZER l A. M. BOND, CEN'L ACENT,
, Wiod&Steam M cA',.EncyclopediaThe I J
American Well Works.Aurora,IIL
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,Touch,Workmansh-p i Durability nibesi.war l.,U*.i-U'.>szpaictoo.t4oo 1
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uasmlTckyrr|>k l uuu llMt*Wi- REPAIR
.New York, lib Fifth ATP. ? .."!L 1)reh r.. 1 OM liraJunu id Hutlne Brgi A'ov.J44reu PATE NTS D.C. No attj'a f e until blnIrtOn.1 as new.: DaCosta Printing and Pub-
.' ,. Washington; 817 Market Space. .--' U1JLUUU U. SMITH,Pray Leslagt...Z y.v : -: talned. Write for | lishing House,Jacksonville,Fla.


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