Florida farmer & fruit grower
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055765/00214
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: S. Powers
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: January 7, 1892
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note: Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038466
oclc - 01387403
notis - AKM6256
lccn - sn 95026761
System ID: UF00055765:00214
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen

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JACKSONVILLE FLA. JANUARY 7 1892. Whole No. 1190
Proprietors. "\01. IV, No.: 1.BLAKE .



*." lias proved to be the earliest and finest grape in Florida,being fully two weeks earlier than Niagara. : :::
CHATHAM ST. BOSTON. All the White Diamond grape vines we offer for sale have been grown and will be shipped ,
57 direct by the Diamond White Grape. Company of Rochester, N. Y. They are guaranteed to be ld
strong,healthy two-year-old vin's and our prices for the same are as follows:
Price Catalogues of weekly sales furnlshec
on application. FOR CASH, $22 PER 100 or $200 PER 1,000. "C v

ON TIME, $40, $3 i or $30 PER ACCORDING TO =
for price list and descriptive pamphlet,giving terms for vineyard: planting on time. Ad-
BROS., dress E. DUBOIS, BOX 182 Tallahassee, Fla. General Agent Diamond White
BARNETT Grape Company for Florida and Georgia. ,
AGENTS Also full s:ock of Niagara Delaware, Ives, Cynthiana, Norton, Chassellas, Black Hamburg and oQ 1 a
all other leading and new varieties ofgrape vines, native and foreign. aq

Frompt Wholesale returns.Commission; Stencils 159 South, Fruits on water application and street Vegetables.,Chicago. NEW BEANS NEW PRICES And Building CHARLESTON Material.., S. C.,

G S. PALMER, We now have in stock an extra fine lot of crop of 1891 beans at following prices:

Hastings' Excelsior Refugee......... $1.50 $5.00 Improved Golden Wax.... ............ 1.50 5.50 .
SOUTHERN PRODUCE A SPECIALTY. Improved Round Pod Refugee..,..... i.25 4.50) Wardwell's Kidney Wax............. 1.50 5.50 %
Oranges,Lemons, Pineapples, and all othei Improved Red Valentine.......... 1.25 4.25 Flageolet Wax....................... 1.60 5.75 FLA.,
Fruits and early truck, also, dried fruit Improved Extra Early Red Valentine, 1.40 5.00 I
nuts,furs,eta :'
All consignments promptly remitted for _. H. G. HASTINGS &. CO., Interlachen, Fla.Our .
Stencils and market reports'furnished free IRRIGATING
References: Bradstreets, and established 40-page catalogue with revised price-list free on application.
merchants and banks of the South


\\TH have the most practical and powerful Grubbing -
yV Machine on earth. Simple in construe- The Virginia Ventilated Fruit Carriers. ,
lion and operation. Will pull a lo-lnch tree or .
.. stump with one horse in 2 to 4. minutes' time. BOTH '
Will do the work of 10 men. With proper care it FOR EARLY TOMATOES STRAWBERRIES, PEACHES AND PLUMS. ...-
.will last a life time. We have a safety lock, a
take-up on the spool, that saves wearing the rope No. 41-6 Baskets, three-quarter No. 34-16-quart gift crate, A
ont In a short tune.:one of the principal objections No. 42-4 one-half Bushel.j No. 36-32- STEAM HORSH POWHR.
all other machines of this class.
to We No. 56-2 M No. 30-32- Standard crate. ,
guarantee satisfaction to our patrons. Price of .
machine complete F. O. B.cars Sigourney, Iowa, Send for catologues,prices and samples.
$75 and$85. Agents wanted Territory for sale,
write for catalogue. SOUTH SIDE MFG. CO. Petersburg Va.
ie.22-ijt Sigourney, Iowa.


POULTRY FOODS I Write for Estimates.



64 fc 00 PROSPECT ST., Cleveland, O. Jennings Nursery Co., Thoraa
We are not connected in any way with any so-called Fruit Auction.house. Only actual selling
o prices quoted. Correspondence with shippers solicited. REFERENCES-Mercantile National Bank ; rille, fieorgia.
Trade Mark. Wm. Edwards & Co., Wholesale Grocers; Childs, Groff& Co., Wholesale Boots & Shoes; Brad-
HOLLIS' CANNED MEAT FOR POULTRY streets' and R. G. Dun &Co.'s Mercantile Agencies; "Ohio Farmer, "Cleveland.. Six days earlier than
variety totwlatthe
.> Will Make Hens Lay! G_ cRc:. Agrlcnitl Ex. Grounds
.. at Geneva,N.T Color
Will Make Chickens Grow!
.' .:.v AND GOOD FOB MOULTING FOWLS. qAF 7 Southernmost Florist Establishment in U. S. tender greenish. sweet The TV bfle and pulp delicious. -

r This food Is strictly fresh meat,carefully V fdOlNL.Ef that rank first only both grape in
cooked, ground fine,seasoned and hermetically lea ,. ESTABLISHED 1883. x, -= \ I : earliness and quality.
a Each Tine sealed with
> sealed In 8-lb cans. Being ground fine,It yo Rare new fruits; Shrubbery;Ornamental plants-Palms,Orchids,Ferns, _- .,,.- oar roistered trade. .
can be readily mixed with soft food,and fed t Bamboos, Cactus, Conifers,Aquatics. Stock safely shipped over the whole TAAU. information.mark labeL Agents send wanted tot
IVlIJ turin
so'as to give each fowl an equal share. Prlc 3. / world. Fine illustrated catalogue of 100 pages sent on receipt of xoc. Clean, *dreu STEP 1t.M wnrr* bONS New Canaan. Ctjrcutar
r 3O cts per can; 83 per doz. Address HOLLIS healthy stock. Low prices. XKEASOBfER
+ BROS. Oneco Fla. "
Boston,Ma**. Mention paper.' ,
it -" t

'HANDSOME;" GLEN ST. MARY NURSERIES. elsewhere, do not fail to send'. F#

to me for'description of the most complete and .
economical Steam Launches using ordinary
Branched Kleflfer Pear trees three years old, kerosene for'fuel.: Automatic fire regulator.No .
some. e bearing.. Address Ten acres devoted to testing new varieties. Thirty acres in orchards. One quarter of a million blowing Xjp or breaking down. Catalogue. .
.. ((250.000)) nursery trees of the finest tested varieties. Our new catalogue for 1891-92 is the most com- free.
.. ': i H. mRAUDEAU, prenensive we have ever issued,and will be mailed free on application. Address JOHN ASPINWALL.Eau .

Jlontlccllo, Fla.' G. L. TABER Glen St. Mary Fla. Gallie, .., 'Florida.J2'2.4.t .
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).., /' Yes; if you use the right material. No; emphatically, no, if solutions made with Potash, Caustic Soda,Salt, 1

.. .:.__ > .": used. These solutionsby hardening the bark, do more harmothe ;
=-==o Whale Oil Soaps and kindred caustic substances are ,- "
--- =* I would be done the insects to be destroyed.
._ :- trees than by sought j


is entirely free from such substances. Trees sprayed with it are noticeable for the bright, yellowish color of the ,bark, which always indicates a vigorous, i

healthy It condition.is sure death to the Red Spider, Rust Mite, Scale Insects, and the various forms of Fungi. It is now believed to be a specific for the "FodKlot"* J 1 I
and a possible remedy for the Blight. Has been used by more than 500 orange growers the present season with satisfaction. \


-:machinery in great variety at Manufacturers' prices. Orange Box Material, Wrapping Paper, Hoops, Ladders, Clippers,. Nails, etc., of .;t

:the best and as cheap as the cheapest.
i E. BEAN, Jacksonville, Fla. )
Send for circular and price list.
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Is the most effective compound! yet ,discovered for destroying the insects infesting the orange tree, and i is a sovereign remedy ,,

for the various forms of fund on trees and plants. Beine free from all substances of a caustic, corrosive or poisonous nature, it can

be handled with perfect safety to the person, and applied to the trees at any stare of Growth without injury. ,

This insecticide has been used by some of the largest orange Growers in the State durinJT.the past two years, and has given.

perfect satisfaction. References furnished on application. ,

FOR RUST MITE, USE ONE QUART TO FIFTY GALLONS OF 'VATER.Vhen used at this strength the trees should be sprayedfor

the Rust Mite twice a month through the season. Where labor constitutes the principal item of expense in spraying trees it is better

and cheaper to use the Insecticide at full strength, viz.: One gallon of solution too<$ allons of water, as the fumes from the Insecticide

will kill the Rust Mite even if the solution should not happen to touch them. In using the Insecticide at this strength it will save

three or through the season, thereby reducing the cost from one-third to onehalf.This is an Advantage Possessed .by

no other Preparation of Sulphur if used in this manner it will also kill the other insects that may be moving on the trees.

FOR RED SPIDER and SCALE, use one gallon to fifty rallons of water. General directions for using sent, on application. ..

PRICE 20c. PER GALLON, in barrels. If there is no agent in your vicinity, write for price delivered. : .
I. '. t.
,. SPRAYING APPARATUS furnished to our customers at cost.WASTER.

t [ & MILLER, San 'Mateo and Citra, Ha.t .

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i' ::. -.--: :Iae P 1. (:) r :I. d..a. ID1: spa.toh :I. :n.''_-=- ".- .

f f With the Magnificent Connections. ,

The Great Fast Express Freight System of the South

'between and Sanford 8. F.&W.Ry.between -
South Florida Railway Tampa
West and Tanjpa.and
Plant S. S. Line between Havana.Key
The attention of shippers directed to, Junction and Savannab, Savannah and Charleston,and Ocean Steamship Line between Savannah,Philadelphia,Boston and New
Jacksonville,Gainesville.Bainbridge lines between all In Florida and all
Transportation Company between Savannah and Baltimore The best equipped, fastest and most prompt points
points York'North and Merchants and Northwest-l and Miners Receivers and BUlppers will profit by the following unparalleled. connections: SOUTH BOUND
via ,Jesup, Bainbridge and Double dally fast freight service from all points North and West via Albany,Bainbridge,
West Albany
Double dally fast freight service for all points Jesup and Savannah to all points In Florida;fast freight trains both via Gainesville,Jacksonville
e Atlantic Coast Line to all Eastern,Interior ,Callahan and Live Oak.
JaJlyfast connection via the ; a'week the fleet steamships of the Ocean Steamship Company,sailing from
Four by
,Baltimore, and ships
;t -andCoaatpolntf, indfudTng New!York,Boston, Philadelphia New York(New Pier 85,North River,)direct for Savannah Monday,Wednesday,Friday.and
our'connectlons a week for New York via Ocean.:Steamship Company,leaving Savannah Saturday.The Boston. and Savannah Steamship Company's steamers will leave Boston June 4.1L
MondAYs, Wednesdays,Fridays and Saturdays.,via erchants' and Miners'Transportation Com- 18 and 25 for Savannah direct, making connection on the dock at Savannah with fan fl
.. Two connections a week for Baltimore freight trains for all points In Florida.
Dfijay.leav-Savannah every Wednesday and Saturday.Steamship Company,leaving Savannah From Philadelphia via Ocean Steamship Co., leaving Philadelphia May 8, 19 and. 2S,
Boston via Boston and New York Savannah.
M Connections every five days from regular sailing day via to
Baltimore via Merchants and Miners Transportation Co., every Tuesday and
Steamship Company leaving
Connections0 Philadelphia[every ten days via Friday, making close connection with 8.,F.&W.By.for all points In Florida.
"Savannah June 4,14 and 24. -
Balling days for Steamships are subject to.change without
and best freight route from all points North, East andTWeet to Florida. For full particulars,rates, stencils and shipping receipts apply tony ,
is the qulcke!
The Florida Dispatch WM.P.HARDEE,Genl Freight Agent,Savannah,Ga. _
agents of the above lines,or:to Jacksonville,Fl*.
F.B. PAPY,Asst.Traffic Manager, Savannah,Os. W. M.DAVIDSON, Genl Traffic Agent
O.D.OWENS,Traffic Manager, ,Jacksonville.
J.E.DRATTON,Trav Agent, Jacksonville. J.H.STEPHENS Agent
jrP JORDAN,Trav.Agent ,.,.. "
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and ard. stones of regular peach shape (not ing, it is much the best he has had the Underdrainage for Fertility. t
Gfrove OFCl1 flat like the Peen to) and both are pleasure to taste. Doubtless our readers remember
regular and heavy bearers. Duringthe This is the average size, being seeing in our pages, some years ago,
Peaches to Plant. season just passed I shipped froma about right for one Jerson-size of several artic'es' as to the wonderful
Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: I young orchard of these trees that an over-grown orange but a little "New Agriculture" of A. N. Cole.
Your letter of December 31St, ask- had been set out only 16 months bitter, thin skin. Tree very vigorous 1 This system has been noised abroadeven
ing for notes on the best varieties of nearly half a bushel of peaches to the grower and a prolific bearer. Will to old conservative England, and
peaches, is at hand. Replying to tree. The trees when set in orchardwere : try to send you another next summer.I 4he Horticultural Times issued a
inquiry in relation to Elberta, just one year old from the time want a partner to set forty acres Christmas supplement of eight pages
your the seed were planted and only eight of this pomelo, I will furnish land and devoted exclusively to an elucidationof
will say that this is one of the finest months old from the time the bud was trees and give half to a partner to set it under the taking title, "The.Secret -'
peaches for Middle and Northern inserted. and care for them until they bear.I I of Fertility."
,Georgia, but there are other varieties Next to Angel and Waldo I would also send you a sample ot our soil, The inventor of this system has
that do much better this far South. I put Bidwell's Late, and these three which is considered the richest high brought suspicion and often ridicule
should advise the varieties I believe to be, by all odds, pine land in the State. It produces a upon it by his extravagant talk, some-
not anyone to plant the safest for general planting in Flor hammock growth, the beggarweedhere times running into the "Praise God-
Elberfa largely in Florida unless it ida of any of the thirty or more varieties -. often reaching a height of ten I Barebones" styJe; but we believe there
was in the extreme northwestern part that have originated from the feet. There are a few thousand acres is a large grain of common-sense at
of the State. % I I Peen-to. In the extreme southern of this soil that lie central between the I I I the bottom of it which has been ob- .
During the last ten years I have part of the State where there is not so great lakes on the high land, on which scured by loose and rambling state
tested in my own orchards more than much danger from cold, of course, there are some very fine groves to be ments. Last week we had a bit of '
200 named varieties of peaches in- many other varieties of the Peen-to seen that have never received any practical experience in this direction
cluding everything of merit obtained type are also desirable; but as above fertilizer. J. PIERPONT MURDOCK.Oxford from Mr. Sherman Adams which is
from all sections. I have also broughtinto stated, there are but few of this type Fla. of very high value. Underdrainagehas
bearing over 1,000 seedlings and that will succeed over the entire State. Soil and pomelo received. The been tried at Lawtey in semi flat-
have, therefore, a large number of Of the Honey type, the Imperial pomelo is of a sprightly and satisfac- woods, but not with the best of results
varieties in addition to the named (mentioned in Mr. Ferrier's letter tory flavor, the pulp proper being free because the drainage was too com
kinds. Of all the varieties that I have above quoted) is one ofthe finest if from bitter. So far as we could judgeof plete, it carried away the water too
tested none so far give better results not the best. Of the native peaches, the soil by inspection, without see- fast. Cole's system seeks to detain
than Angel and Waldo. Countess, Florida Crawford, Victoria, ing crops, it is of a very high grade.It the water in rubble-filled drains long
The number of flattering testimonials Powers' September and Gibbon's October resembles the soil of the rich cucumber enough to enable the roots of trees
that I have received from parties are very valuable in the northern farms around Archer-ED.t and plants to take it up. We extracta
who have fruited these two varietiesis section of the State:, few paragraphs from the article in .
astonishing, and. these testimonialscome To simmer the thing right down and California Orange Crop. our English contemporary: "The
from all sections of the State. apply to the State as a whole, I would W. R. Strong & Co write from system advocated by Mr. Cole in its
Under date of July 27th, Rev. Lyman say, if but one variety is to be planted Los Angeles to the Fruit Trade simplest form, consists in making the
Phelps, of Sanford, writes as follows: make it either Angel or Waldo; if Journal, Dec. 23: earth warm, soft and friable, so thatit
"The Angel trees I had from you a two varieties, Angel and Waldo; if "Some erroneous information has partakes of the nature of a sponge, .
year ago last."December have this three varieties, .Angei. Waldo and been sent forward regarding the crop and although he advocates it espec-
year borne most generous crops. One Bidwell's Late. If more kinds are of California oranges. For instance, ially for the purpose of cultivating
bud which I set a year ago June wanted, the above list to be supple- it has been stated that 50 per cent. declivities and hilly slopes, I go fur- .
matured 57 peaches in z2I2 months mented with other varieties chosen of the crop was destroyed by the ther, for I am convinced that on flat
after: setting." Mr. A. Grant Ferrier, with reference to the section in which recent high winds. While it is true areas the system is just as advantageous i:
of Sorrento, Lake Co., Florida, writes they are to be planted; for Northern that in one or two sections, a large especially if the fields so*
under date of December 3d: "I in- Florida, Imperial, Early Cream, amount of fruit was blown off, yet treated by the trenches are sur-
tended long ere this to let you know of Countess, Florida Crawford, Victoria, this does not apply to any very great rounded by a ditch.
the marvelous success I have had with Powers' September, Gibbon's.October extent of territory. The crop at "By this means we have under the
the peach trees I got from you, and as many other kinds as wantedfor Riverside is in fine conditionneverwas soil a plenteous supply of moisture,
namely: 100 Angel, 50 Countess, variety; but my ten years of exten- better than it is this season, and which by capillary attraction will
and 100 Imperial. When the Angel sive experimenting with all varieties is entirely uninjured. We are nQw naturally rise to the surface in timesof
and Imperial were 16 months old, I would lead me to class the varieties packing fruit at that point and several drought, especially if the soil is
got off the 200 trees (last June) over above named as the cream of the others. The famous WashingtonNavel kept well pulverized, for it is patentto
6,000 peaches and I, therefore, wishto whole collection for this section of the oranges run better this year all that a large part of plant food,
congratulate you on what I considerthe State; and for South Florida I would than ever- before known, both in size fertilization, is derived from the
finest peach trees in the world.I say, by all means plant Angel, Waldo and quality, and are now ready for gaseous substances floating in the at-
have had magnificent success with and Bidwell's Late. Plant these three market. This crop is generally mosphere; and that while moisture,is
your peach trees and no wonder.. I varieties anywhere in Florida.G. moved during the months of January, in a great measure a means to convey
wish to plant at least a couple thou L. TABER.Glen February and March. The seedling these to the roots, still a soil rendered .
sand more if possible." St. Mary, Fla., Jan. 2, IB9 oranges, however, run considerablylater thoroughly porous by cultivation is
The Angel and Waldo are both commencing with the first of easily permeated by these gases, and
seedlings of the Peen-to, possessingthe A Sweet Pomelo. January and running into May and the mere deposit of dew or the con-
vigorous and handsome growth of' Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: June. densation of moisture in the soil from
that type and both of them have valu- I send you by.a friend samples of "It is now thought that the total the atmosphere which circulates
able characteristics not possessed by my sweet pomelo, which I desire you i crop of California will not exceed within it will sufficiently feed and
the parent. Nearly all the varieties of to taste, and then criticize it as you 4,000 cars, and the fruit is already keep alive plants during the prevalence -
the Peen-to type bloom too early in feel after eating it. I desire to say, meeting with a fair demand, and, will of drought. The soil as left by
the season and are consequently sub- however, that it is not near so sweetor doubtless all go into consumption at the Creator, in its natural state, is
,, jected to danger from late frosts; but sprightly as it becomes in three or remunerative prices. There seems : unfit, to a great extent, for the pro-
both the Angel and Waldo are much four months later.I to be no reason for any scare, although duction of cultivated plants. Still,it
later in blooming than*other varieties have a letter from our esteemed the fancy prices of two years j abounds with fertility, as we find .1
of this type; both areperfect free- pomologist at the Capital City, say- ago may not be.maintained. vegetation growing naturally in every


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state of soil and climate. So in or- The Japan Persimmon .
peak experience. In 1886 I' The Dewberry in Florida.In .
der to bring the soil into a Kaki .
proper )
condition kept my orchard and young persimmon common speech, the word dev
for vegetable productionwe With most new pomological prod- trees well cultivated. They were berry is applied to any trailing black
have to resort to artificial means, ucts the first experiments are generallynot growing vigorously, when about the berry. There are several distinct species:

and this is most effectively brought satisfactory. So with this fruit. oth of November a severe frost killed or types of trailing blackberries, with
about by underdraining. On the For several l after the introduc- them only three oL which we need to concern
years all to the ground and 1000 peach ourselves at present. It would
seem as
lines suggested by Mr. Cole, the tion of this excellent fruit the planting I trees besides. Since that time I have if the dewberries could be at once distinguished

benefits received from a perfect sys- was restricted to amateurs and gardeners abandoned late cultivation. J. F. from the true or bush black

tem' of drainage are numerous. It i because the fruit and tree was LEYENDECKER, in Texas Farm; and berries by their trailing habit but there
improves the mechanical texture of supposed to be interesting mainly as Ranch. are some forms of wild blackberries
the soil it mellow which are low and decumbent. The
rendering more .
an ornamental, and not of any com- -- -- botanies even describe true
and porous, when in its previousstate mercial or edible value, and this is Early Records of Southern Fruits. form of the bush blackberry a (var.trailing Jiumi-

it would be hard and caked, so the case today, because the peopleare As to the earliest records of fruit products fusus), but I am convinced that this is
that no plant could attain a vigorous not acquainted with the value and in America, it is interesting to trace an error. This variety appears to have
the many sources to which we owe their been founded
It upon a dewberry itself.
growth. distribution
causes a more equal quality of this fruit. But few have
introduction. In the "History of Georgia There appears to be no true trailing
t of nutritive matter received ever seen it, and far less have ever ," of the erudite, Charles C. Jones, form of the bush or common blackberry.
from fertilizers in the form of nitro- had an opportunity to taste it. Ph.; D., we find many references to the The best distinction between the-dewberries -

gen with phosphoric acid and potash, Many of the trees 'when transplantedfail fruits cultivated by the Indian tribe, and bush blackberries lies in the
which are the main elements of the to start in until which De Leon, De Soto, Ribault, and inflorescene or flower clusters. Iii
growth May or other early discoverers, found in great the dawberries the flower clusters
life. It admits fresh
plant June, hence they are frequently pre- abundance. In this it is stated that, cymose=the center flower opening first.
quantities of water from summer I maturely uprooted. Examine them- "The walnut, the hickory, the pecan, -and the flowers are few and scattered

showers to penetrate 'into the soil, and do not pull them up until you are and other nut bearing trees, were In[ the blackberries, on.the other hand,..
which are more or !ess imbued with sure they are dead, Not until this watched and nurtured. Their fruit the clusters are essentially corymbose or
the fertilizing of the atmosphere was industriously gathered,cracked, and racemose-the lower or outer flowers
gases fruit was propagated on our native boiled, and the oil thence obtained generally opening first-and the flowersare
to be deposited among the absorbent persimmon it begin to show its 'lear as butter and of good taste,' says usually borne in rather dense clus-

parts of the, soils, traversed by roots, value as ope of our pomological the gentleman of Elvas, was preserved ters. Fig. 1 is a good illustration of the
giving renewed life and vigor to Ihesame. resources.It In earthern jars." Again, we read that, flower cluster of the dewberry. The.
in May, 1540,'De Soto, before reaching dewberries also
are distinguished by
It the subsoil
warms removing -
was erroneously held by the the town of Canasagua, in Upper Geor- propagating from "tips," while the,
the over abundant supply of introducers of the Japanese persimmon gia, "was met by twenty men from the blackberries propagate by suckers.

underwater, leaving the surface dry that it was impossible to village, each bearing a basket of mul- MANATEE\ (Rubus trivlalis-) This variety -
,and mellow. Underdraining cannot propagate the several varieties unless berries. This fruit-was here abundantand was introduced by Reasoner Brothers -
well flavored. Plum and walnut Manatee\ Florida, in 1889. Their
as some
produce drought, suppose. grafted Japanese seedlings.
upon trees were growing luxuriantly throughout catalogue for 1890 speaks of it as follows -
L It has the very opposite effect, simply Experience teaches us that this theory the country, attaining a size and : "Rubus trivialisr. Southern'

because the winter rains are retained 'untenable, as our native stocks beauty> without planting or pruning, dewberries. We have an excellent
and held in the soil until in the sum- (which are best adapted to our soil which could not be surpassed in the irri- strain superior for this climate to Lucre- '
gated and well cultivated gardens of tia, which we have named 'Manatee.\ '
heats they are wanted by the and climate have
mer ) subsequentlyproven "
Spain. When Georgia was first settled In cultivation this produces fruit at the
plant or tree. The importance of to be superior for that pur- by Europeans, there was found an rate of 250 bushels per acre. 'As it.

moisture, however, in connectionwith pose. Our seedlings have more abundance of peaches among the Indian ripens during April, it is valuable for
our orchards is evident from the numerous and better roots, and tribes, from the borders of Florida to shipping, which stands well." Reasoner
fact that the water requirements of a unlike the Japanese have branchedtap the mountains, and on the latter many Bros. write as follows: concerning it:
varieties of apples, of excellent quality.It "We are growing the Rubes trivialis as
tree in full leaf in warm sunshiny roots, the latter usually forming a is well known that there existed a well as all of our neighbors, who do not
weather are astonishingly great. It long tap root with few laterals; henceare regular intercourse between the various have plenty of wild fruiting vines, and
is said that a good sized apple tree, more difficult to transplant.The tribes from the seaboard and those of consider it as good as any blackberry or
the interior and thus is the better. No other does well
having 25,000 square feet of evapor- surest method of propagationis explained dewberry
introduction of those fruits the seeds of here." And "There dew-
again: are no
ating surface-by no. means a large by tongue grafting, if the stock is
which were first obtained from the berries of value here in this warm
estimate-will give off 31,250 ounces an inch or less in diameter, or by Florida Indians, who received them climate except this variety; we have
of water per day. This is substantially cleft grafting if larger, upon the collarof from the monks who accompanied the tried several sorts but they all die linger-

J 250 gallons, an amazing amount, yet the root about four inches below expeditions of Ribault. De Soto, Laudon- ing deaths. Lucretia held outthe long-
niere, and others. These early mission- est, and bore a few berries but they
far less than has sometimes been cal 'the surface about the time the begins -
aries planted seed of the best fruits of proved very sour, and watery, unlike-
culated. If so much is given to the to rise. The graft or scion should Europe, together with the planting of what they should have been. This Manatee \ -

air through the leaves, an equal I be well bandaged with waxed cloth, the Cross of Christ upon this soil, showing is only a selected strain of the com-
amount must be absorbed from the covered with earth or some other material that they held the cultivation of mon Rubus. trivialis."

soil by the roots, the only way that ; to protect the scion against the fruits second in importance, in civilizing I once grew the :Manatee:\ but is was
the Red man, to that of teaching killed the first winter. J. E. Cutter, of-
of the kind under discussion it .fail
plants drying atmosphere, or may to him Christianity.INDIAN. Riverside, California, Says the variety-
obtain the water required by them. start. Remove all sprouts or suckers PEACHES. succeeds with him.-PROP. L. H.

It is easy, therefore, to see how, if a from the stock as soon as they appear BAILEY.
From those early beginnings a
?matured apple tree needs 250 gallons above ground. The scion mat not class of fruits which, in later days sprung, have .

.of water every day to supply the start until May-in fact, I have seena proved most valuable to Southern fruit An Ornamental Evergreen Hedge-

,evaporation from foliage surfaces' few remain perfectly dormant until rowers. The type of peaches known and WindBreak.P. .

why it is that apple and pear trees on June and then grow off vigorously.No as "Indian" throughout the Southern N. R., of Taylor, Tex., asks: "Will
States is:: really of Spanish introduction, tell me what will make the-
l low lands, or on lands where, the special soil seems to be requiredfor you
and, if traditions are true, this race was best evergreen hedge for this climate,
? strata fetch the water near the surface, their success; they thrive and do originally introduced into Spain and Italy partly as a screen for my bam, but .
are more vigorous and fruitful thantrees well anywhere the native persimmon by the first Crusaders, who brought the mostly a wind-break and winter pro-
on high and dry lands, and 1 succeeds. seeds from the Holy Land. The Cherokee tection for my Japan persimmon and fig
why it is that the apple crop is almostsure Cultivation is similar to that given Indians were noted for the great variety I I orchards? My\ soil is of a brownish
of apples which the early white of chalk
I black color, on a sub-stratum
to be heaviest and best in moist to other fruit trees. Never allow
grass settlers found in their country, and today rock and adobe. It will be enriched
. seasons? Further, when on high or or weeds to grow in the orchard until many old apple trees may be found, from: the barnyard. I want an ever-
low land, moist or dry land, grass and after the middle of August. The grass in the mountains of Georgia and North green of handsome, thick foliage and a-
weeds are suffered to take possessionof and weeds appearing after that time Carolina, the relics of these early plant- quick grower. The cedar of Lebanon is
ings. :Methods:\ of propagating other than recommended to me. What is your
the soil under trees and send down should be left undisturbed to absorb
by seed being ignored by these Indians, judgment in the matter?
their roots into it and absorb the the moisture from the ground, which ,accounts for the many well-defined typesof
moisture, whether it falls in rain or in turn will prevent a second growth apples found in these old orchards.For ANSWERED BY T. V. 3IU SON.

_( rises from other causes, and though of the trees and subsequent injury bye instance, the Nicayack has doubtless The cedar of Lebanon is too open i in.
been the progenitor of numberless sub- growth to make a very good screen 01-
250 to 500 required gallons may frosts. It is a well known f fact if the
varieties, or mere forms, which bear the windbreak.For .
, there, the grass and weed roots stealmost orchard is thoroughly cultivated most marked typical characteristics. The quick and beautiful effect,. with
of it. Hence the advantage of throughout the entire season, the fall Indian peach, first described by Cox as cheapness and freedom from disease, but

cultivation in young orchards, andthe rains will start the sap to rise, cause "Columbia," who carried pits of this not very long lived-about fifteen years
r.; benefit of shade in old ones, thatI a second growth and often blooming peach to New Jersey, from Columbia -there is nothing superior to the Cali-
Ga. fertilization fornia privet, which:: should be set about
county, by cross ,
: with surface the and when winter in
interferes growth under: tree, sets given numberless varieties,ranging from two feet apart at first, and in three or
I the trees. To meet this demand I they are not in a condition to resist earliest to latest, and from white free- four years have every other bush re-

. assert that no system I am acquaintedwith the cold, and many tender varieties: stones to yellow or dark red fleshed cling- moved. This hedge can be trimmed to

r will furnish the necessary supplyin are injured if not killed by severe stones, but all retaining, more or less, any desired shape and will attain fifteen
the peculiar stripes of the type and the feet in height,,and make a dense screen
it is advisable
reliable and hence to
such simple manneras freezing -
L a permit
purplish color of the young wood.P.J. of dark glossy broad leaves.
the trench and stone method of grass and weeds to have their own BERCKMANS, in American Agriculturist. Next to this for quickness,, and taller

drainage I am!dealing with." ; way after, the middle of August., I growing and long lived,.would recom-




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mend native red cedar, nursery grown, fruiting seedling; but no seedlings have RICH FLORIDA LANDS.

BO as uniform to be sure, well of getting branched a, sure handsome standof Tqe: Vineyard. yet been produced carrying all the

trees from the start. From one to three -... ..,..-- -... --",,--- .". ... characteristics of the scuppernong. In
feet in height, transplant readily from Edited by E. DUBOIS, Tallahassee, Fla. most cases they have been decidedly
the nursery; the smaller size is the inferior point of quality, and no
cheapest and most certain. The cedar The Scuppernong Table and seedling has ever shown the peculiar
can be made very compact by shearing.
Wine Grape. scuppernong aroma. So all our scup-
Plant four feet apart.
The Chinese arbor ita is a splendid Our long experience with the scup- pernongs have descended from the

evergreen for hedging and screens. Its pernongin the Gulf States east of the parent plant as "layers," for unlike
growth is more compact than cedar. most other species of the grape the
They should be four feet Mississippi river has fully convincedus
apart. Vitis vulpina will not grow from "cut-
For a very long. lived, handsome, that it is one of the finest general We "will not and
thick, high-growingscreen, the Austrian tings. say yet
pine is the best of all the pines and easy purpose grapes known to the world.It it must be admitted that any growthcan

to transplant when not over three feet is really a magnificent table grape be propagated by cuttings at the
high-better one to two feet. There is a hands of the skilled nurseryman, yet S
where one stands more on the eating
nobleness and in the at-
grandeur pines the propagation of this species by cuttings .
=--.r "
tained by few other evergreens.The than on mere fashionable show. The "::: .
the American is so very difficult that nurserymen -
Norway spruce, ar-
borvifce, hemlock spruce white pine, only thing urged against it for the never undertake it. Farmers and Think.
yew, European fir, etc., while excellentin table is that it is not a bunch grape, Why seeds of the scuppernong never

more northern and moister climates, and therefore does not so well come come true can be easily explained on WHY Spend the best years of your
do not succeed well west of the moist scientific The Vitis vul life cultivating the soils of the frozen
forest region of Eastern Texas. within the pales of fashion as do the principles.
The wild peach or mock orange, of the pina family of grapes, to which the North and West raising crops on which
bunch grapes, but let us assure you the freight is often not realized when
South, makes a most beautiful screen, scuppernong belongs, strictly a ,
with its broad, glossy, abundant leaves, that few things'could look prettier on dioecious family; that is, all the male you can buy land from the undersigned,

but is very difficult to transplant if more the table than large, luscious scupper-, flowers grow on one vine while all rich and fertile as any known lands,
than one or two of and as
years age and where raise
the female flowers another.No you can a that the
on crop
many feet high. It is not very long nongs with their creamy color and grow
vine of this bears both United States Government will a
li.bout the same as the California species ever pay
metallic luster coned .
neatly on a
It endures shearing well.- up male and female flowers, and no sin- BOUNTY of$ioo on each acre.

Texas Farm and Ranch.Concerning fruit dish. Then the delightful aroma gle flower ever develops both sets of HOLD On, this isn't all. You can sell

I Foot-Rot.. with which they pervade the diningroom organs. As a consequence two dis the said crop right there in your home

is of itself enough to make every- tinct vines are necessary for the devel- market for $250 per acre. You ask for .
I saw in your paper of recent datea body feel happy. In addition to this opment of fruit. The flowers of the the "How" and the "Wherefore."
letter from F. M. Robinson of
we are entirely sure that no acid fruitit female or strictly pistillate vine must Quite right-facts and figures count best.
Sanford, in which he'says he thinkshe ( is slightly acid) could be more be fertilized from flowers of a male or
has the foot-rot checked. I hopehe wholesome. The veritable Plant the Land with Sugar Cane.
dyspepticmay strictly staminate vine, else there can
has found something that will make full meal TO OLD Farmers and careful
a on scupper- be no fruit. The pistillate vine bears perusers -
prove a cure, for that is a disease the without afterwards of the fact that there is
nongs experiencing the fruit, of course-no fruit ever papers, now
cure of which I am very much inter- the least effects. established Kissimmee Fla. the .
unpleasant forms on the staminate vine. We have I ,
ested in. I have had long experiencewith i And when it comes to the scupper- many other growths of this dioecious St. Cloud Sugar Refinery, is stale

the foot-rot or mal di goma, and nong as a wine grape, you may cer- character, the common wild persimmon news. We are talking to all our
found that the "glue" does not exude it friends. Sugar cane can be raised
tainly count In at a high figure. being a prominent example among as
but very little from October to May.It Wine made from it on the old plan of them. cheaply as corn, and Uncle Sam will

does its work in May" June, July pressing out the must and "doctor Now, since the scuppernong vine pay you a bounty of two cents per poundon

and August. ing" it with sugar has never been an bears fruit it IS a female. Thfere: are the manufactured, sugar. The St.
I have taken the dirt from the roots over popular wine, but there is no : no male scuppernongs, hence the Cloud plantation in Osceola Co., Fla.,

on "the top, but I find that will not do. need in making it in any such way. flowers have to be fertilized from flow- averaged 4,500 pounds of sugar to the

The dirt has to be taken away, top Make the wine by precisely the same ers existing on vines of the male kind acre last year, and it will go 5,000

and bottom, so that the roots will be methods as are employed for makingthe growing abundantly among the wild pounds this year.METHODS .

entirely exposed for about eighteen best wines in California, and no muscadines. As a consequence the ? This isn't the
only big
inches from the trunk of the tree and
doctoring whatever is needed-the seeds are invariably a cross and hence chance of your life, however. The
eighteen inches deep.I product will be as good as any in its cannot come true.-PRoF. STELLE in I cultivation of rice lands about Kissimmee -
tried some of my trees that way line made from the most popular wine Ft. Worth Gazette. is become assured
to an profitablefact.
that were girdled all around, and the
called. tests .
grapes so Thorough I
There is richer
no or
result is the bark has met and is heal- have shown that the The wide spread fame of Dr. Bull's Cough Syr-
scuppernongmust up is justly won by cts own merits,and the repu- truck and market-garden lands in the
ing nicely.I fermented in vats on the usual tation it has gained has been secured by its uni- world than the land on the rich over

am doing all of my old sweet plan of wine making, calls for no ad- versal use.- *..- flow, or bottom lands about Kissimmee.

seedlings orange trees that way. dition of sugar to give it the needed Many women in California gain a Write, for confirmation, to Col
The reason the dirt has to be taken per cent. of alcohol-the bulbs and livelihood by raising flower-bulbs and A. K. McClure editor
away both top and bottom is, that the I pulp give all that is required. We seeds for market, and many others who has personal knowledge.Then .

roots can dry off quickly after a rain, know of scuppernong wine made five send huge hampers to San Francisco ;in lands for
orange groves, or
Ier if the dirt is left on the bottom of
years ago without the addition of every day of wild flowers and ferns cultivated
groves already or bearing,
roots, it holds moisture and causes sugar, that is today first-class in which have been picked from the I I can satisfy you that your best interests
that to scald.-J. E. HILL in
part every particular.The neighboring canons. Mrs. Theodo. lie in seeing me before any one else.
Reporter.In is freak sia of Ventura stands .
scuppernong grape a Shepherd, ,
article the of from the muscadine grape (Vitis vul- foremost among these successful hor- BEAUTIFUL The health
an urging necessity
windbreaks for orange groves the pina), just as the umbrella China tree ticulturists, although only eight years fulness and beauty of Kissimmeehave

Ontario Observer truly : In is a freak from the old-style China have passed since, without means and never been questioned. No

. Riverside, which is now conceded says to tree. A single vine of it was found broken down in health, she grew her diphtheria, no consumption, no pneu.

be the banner orange district of the growing among the wild muscadinesin first seeds for market in the old mis- monia-in fact, read our medical

world winds less the woods of North Carolina, and sion town of San Buena Ventura. report. Beautiful cottages, villas or
are not frequent or
less forceful than in other localities, not another wild vine like it was ever She now fills orders from prominent lots suitable for residences. Write

yet that district continues to market found. From this one wild vine all Eastern florists, with occasional calls for terms and particulars.

from one and a quarter to one and a the scuppernong vines of the world from Europe, Australia and the Sand COME SOUTH, And get untold

half millions of dollars worth of oranges have descended directly. But they wich Islands. Her gardens comprise quantities of the grandest climate in

annually, the amount of wind. have not descended as have the um- eight acres of fertile soil, which are the world free with each acre of ground

damaged fruit being a mere Bagatelle. brella China trees-from seedsowing.to under her personal supervision. She purchased. Come where you can till

But in Riverside the groves are compact the fact that there can he no true grows all the new seedlings among the .soil twelve months in the year.

the trees are large, and with scuppernong seeds. Scuppernongseeds the French Cannas, for example, and At least write= to me for full particula

their towering eucalyptus and cypress will germinate as readily as will one of her own called Ventura, whichis WB. CANNON,

windbreaks the desert the seeds of any other species or variety said to be as large.flowered as the Kissimmee, Ft t
zephyrs can
Agent for the lands of tbo Dlaston Companle
make no impression upon the fruit. of the grape, but they cannot famous Star of 91. Last year she for the Associated Railways lands, and tn
-Riverside bring true scuppernongs. In most harvested 160 pounds of Smilax-seed, lands of Klsslmm Land Co. .
the bear black which and Phosphate, sugar cane, rice, trucking
seedlings were packed by
cases grapesof
------ ----- fruit, grazing, timber, general farming
Of all the liniments, oils,and lotions upon the the muscadine' character, though Mrs. Shepherd and her three daugh and home lands. Send for map showing
market (and their name is legion) Salvation Oil
is the best and most popular. Price 25 cents. occasionally one gets a white or light I ters.-Overland Monthly. lands.JANUAET .


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are effectually checked by the cold, i fully in this community. If this, cut- had was well.rotted leaf mould and
Jirik> Tl\tIeIE(
FJi.. J'4E but in Florida they continue their ting is done! early enough, say in Sep stable manure, composted in alternate

"Cassava Cutworms Paris Green, I depredations more or less all winter, tember, or early in October, the stub layers of equal proportions ; this all

etc. I especially in South Florida, though in ble will put up a fine lot of sprouts or well rotted and turned occasionallyuntil

North Florida, unless the winter is suckers, and bear an abundant crop thoroughly mixed. This may
Editor. Fanner and Fruit-Grower:
I would like to inquire, either of exceptionally mild, they do very little of seed. The most satisfactory process not rush the plants while young so
damage after Christmas. If the landis used here is this: Commence in I much as pure stable manure, but it
or some of readers: i. How
you your thickly covered with trash throughthe the morning after the dew is off; cut will bring more and larger fruit and
to make the sauce called
cassareep summer the eggs will not be laid, till noon; in the afternoon commencein of better quality. Bones dissolved in
from cassava? 2. How to make
and there will be no worms, or very the same order in which it was cut ashes make the best fertilizer to mix
tapioca from cassava starch? How
3. few, in that tract. This has been the and take up and haul into the barn in the hills. In this section six feet
and when to pick or the seedsof
Jamaica sorrel for prepare next year's writer's experience, though it is con and spread evenly over the whole between the hills is sufficient, if plentyof

also when to plant them? Where crop trary to the generally received opinion. floor. The next day pursue the same land, eight feet might be better.
do cutworms come from? 5. Is not 5. Paris green mixed with water, a course, spreading each day's cutting As soon as the plants are up hoe them
teaspoonful to four gallons and kept evenly over the top of the former cut- carefully so as not to disturb them.I .
Paris liable to kill plants? One
f green constantly stirred, has often been ting, and so continue until the barn is 'like deep cultivation for the first
of neighbors it on a strawberry
patch my mixed with put ten parts corn meal sprayed on plants more tender than full, or you have as much hay as you three plowings, then shallow until

the strawberry, for instance the squash desire. finis Poed. Melons should be culti-
and nearly plant died within a
every with and the melon, without injury. We At first thought one would think vate1, as often as once a week until
week. 6. Docut worms
stay have before us a bulletin of the Michigan that putting it up so green it would the vines interfere. I plow them at
us all the round or only for a
season? year GUY RIVERS. Station so stating. Your neigh- mould, but no one here has had any each plowing thoroughly between the

Bowling Green Fla. bor mixed it too strong, especially if such experience. It must not dry too rows, as close as possible without

he put it on the plants. It probably much in the sun, for like pea vines, if breaking the vines. The less the

I. There are a number of varietiesof would not have hurt them if it had permitted to get dry in the sun it will vines are molested the better. One

cassava according to color of stem been sprinkled on the ground beside shed off the leaves. season I had the vines turned over

and division of leaves. There is also them.-ED. As to the value of this hay I will after they had melons set, which gave

one with a non-poisonous juice in the t give the opinion of others. I have them a severe check.As .

root. But the plant generally knownas Beggar Weed. never heard any one estimate its valueto the earliest melons are the most

sweet cassava is without wings on As much has been publishedabout be less per ton than timothy or profitable, I have often forced a few

the fruit and has a reddish root. the beggar weed, beggar weed any other Northern hay. A neighborfrom hundred hills by cutting sod into

(Manihot Aipi, Pohl.) hay, etc., I will only add in this article Indiana says it is equal in every pieces five inches square and placing

Bitter cassava root abounds in a the method of propagating the respect to red clover, and much easier them inverted in the hotbed made for

milky poisonous juice, and does not weed, and that of saving the hay, as cured and saved. As a pasture it is the purpose, and then planting five or

become soft by boiling or roasting. practiced by myself and neighbors. : not excelled by anything I have seen, six seeds upon each piece. After the

Sweet cassava root has a non-poi I First, I will say that after the landis as all kinds of stock-horses, cattle, weather becomes settled and there is

sonous juice, has tough portions in once seeded and not cultivated too hogs, etc.-rapidly fatten on it. Chick no more danger of frost, and when the

the centre, but becomes quite soft by late in the season (after the middleof ens become very fat on the seed when plants have three or four leaves, theyare

boiling, and is eaten like potatoes. June), and not pastured too closely, they ripen and rail to the ground. To removed to the hills. Moistenthe

Cassava meal is prepared from it will continue to seed itself. my own knowledge horses turned intoa sods thoroughly before taking

both kinds. The root is grated, by To get a full crop of weeds the first corn field, well set in beggars, will them up. It is better not to set aftera

which the cells, containing the juice year requires about one-half bushelor never materially interfere with the rain until the weather becomes

and starch-grains, are broken up. The ( 8 pounds) of seed to the acre sown corn. I am told that cattle will interfere .

grated material is placed under press broadcast. As the seed adhere together with no other crop when the I warm.
After the melons are thereis
ure, sometimes with water pouring or stick to each other so beggars are abundant.The -grown
much in picking at the right
through it. The pressure squeezesout closely, they should be mixed withan amount of hay per acre will
The rind of a Watermelon when ripe
all the juice; while a certain proportion equal quantity of sand, and thor- run from two to four tons on ordinary
becomes hard and the pulp
of the starch-grains passes oughly rubbed together with the hands pine land. I estimate the value of the generally with the
brittle. The in contact
over with the liquor. The substanceleft and then they can be sown as evenlyas beggar weed as a fertilizer to be worth part whiteto
will be changed from a
under pressure consists chiefly of oats or other seeds. four times as much as cow peas, thatis close
the cell-walls broken up, but also of As the beggar weed seed is difficult one crop of beggars to he equal to a pale yellow and, upon examination -
numerous small pimples
some starch-grains. This is cassava and expensive to save, and consequently four crops of peas. will be" noticedon
somewhat like measles
meal which is dried on hot plates and dt the surface particularly on
made into cassava cakes. The liquor followed off the until the
generally : Lay but few will come up wet if the
outer edge. With these signs,
which passes away under pressure, land to be sown with a small plow in season-say from the middle of Mayto it crackles
melon be gently pressed and
being the pure juice only, or the furrows about six feet apart and then the middle of June. Seed= sown
inside it be regarded as ripe.
juice mixed withj water, is allowed to in these furrows about three feet any time in June will mature a full may is
The side of a melon when ripe
stand for time when the starch top
some apart, drop a few seed and cover crop.I .
settles to the bottom and the liquor is lightly with the foot. To do this hope this crude statement of facts of a dull, lifeless brown
ard and Garden.
poured off. The starch-grains, as seen evenly let the dropper take up betweenthe about the beggar weed will !V? a suf--

under ,the microscope, are mullar- thumb and forefinger a small ficient answer to the many inquires

shaped. ,This is cassava starch proper, pinch of seed, and about every two about it. Some seed can be obtained

as distinguished from cassava meal.Tapio'ca short steps throw this into the furrow here from Wright & Brown at $3 per l fYou HaveNo

is prepared by heating and cover very lightly with the foot. bushel of 17 pounds or 20 cents per

moistened cassava starch on hot plates. A little practice will enable the drop pound for a less quantity.-W. J. appetite Indirection! Flatulence,

This process alters the grains, which I per to put about ten or a dozen seedsin BORDEN, in Marion Free Press.Watermelons. Hick Headache, "all run down," Ion

swell up, many bursting, and then i a place. Some do not cover the tH inp flesh,you will find

they agglomerate in small irregularmasses. seed at all, and this is right if a rain '

soon follows, but if no prospects (oran The soil that I have found best

Cassareep is the juice of the bitter early rain it is safest to put a little adapted to the watermelon, is a light, T utt's Pills
cassava root, concentrated by heat, dust over the seed. At this rate one warm, sandy loam. Whatever tends to

which also dissipates the volatile poi- and one-half pounds is sufficient seed compact the soil, whether it be rainy

sonous principle. The same is fur- for an acre. The first year these will weather or a deficiency of vegetablematter the remedy yon need.and They build tone tbe np
the weak up
ther flavored with aromatics. Boiled produce a sufficient quantity of seedto is detrimental to the crop. I flagging encrfflefl.! Sufferer! from

with peppers and fish or meat, it forms sow the land thickly, and the winds have found that the richer the soil relief mental from or physical them.SleclYHIInreoatedt overwook u 111 find

.. the West Indian "pepper-pot." will so scatter them that the second provided it be warm and light, the SOLD EVERYWh ERE.

2. Answered above. year they will appear evenly all over surer will be success. If the soil is
3. V'riteto, Reasoner Bros., Manatee the land. not rich, manure it, and the more liberally --- --- ,

for practical experience with Jamaica To make hay the weed should be given the finer the crop. I like I CURE FITS !

sorrel. cut just as it begins to bloom, and in the ground broken deeply and well

4. Cutworms are the caterpillars of ordinary land the weed will then be pulverized before planting. I prefer When I My care I do not mean merely to stop them
have them return again. I mean a
for a time and then
an owlet moth, of the tribe Noetua from two to three feet high. It shouldbe marking both ways that the crop maybe radical cure. I have made the d.Maee of FITS. EPILEPSY

and ,the group Agrotidida. The eggs cut from six to ten inches from the cultivated better. Besides a lib- or FALLING SICKNESS a life-long study. I
are laid along in the summer, June ground.. The cutting may be done eral manuring broadcast, I usually put others warrant hare my remedy failed is to no care reason the for wont not cases now receiring a

,and July, and the worms begin their with a mowing blade or mowing ma two shovelfuls of good manure at each are.infallible Send at remedy.once for Cite a treatise Express and and a Free Poet Bottle Office.of

ravages in August. In the North they chine-both have been used success- crossing.. The best manure I eve my H. G. ROOT, M. V., 183 Pearl St., N. T.G .


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-. times after cock crow, set her house- not in favor of a "no-fence law," for given over to riot and drunkenness,
Live ptocl\. hold in order and began at an early it seems to me it would be as unfairon where if drunkenness could be put

hour.When the other side as the "legal fence': down by law (which is very doubtful -
Two Florida Bakes. she confidingly entrusted the now is on-our side. !), there such a la* 'should be
meat to the oven its fair broadsidehad enforced but in such a town or city,
On the last day of the year we received I cannot do better than quote from ;
covered the bake well under local option, it never would be
pan over; : the Times-Union of Dec. 24, as to
Major Campbell's pinderfedpig but when, after furtive peeps into its what this "legal fence" is: enforced, while in some quiet ntigh-
his clean shaven legs and head steaming and fizzling interior, many I borho d, where drinking to the
The law says that a man must erect a
sticking out of a white duck pinafore.The turnings, many bastings her expres- fence nine rails high, and above these extent of drunkenness was almost
dressing of the carcass showed a sion growing every hour more dubious affix others by "stake and rider." Then unknown, there where it was not in
trained and troubled-she withdrew it at the base of this fence must be laid in the least required, it might be passed,
hand the "sticker"
had been
; small rails, close that the famous
length and placed it on the table, so to tyrannize over those who took in
inserted lengthwise just in front of the "razorback" hog cannot creep under.
there moderation what seemed
was revealed to our vision a Unless this sort of fence is laid or one good to
white breast-bone and had tenderlyfelt tolerably well rounded base ball of equally cattle proof, the property owner i them.
around for the heart, from whichit I baked pig skin. has no redress if stock break throughand I I A local optio law can never be

had drawn away the blood dry, I There was some meat in there, in- ucts,rob because him of he all has his not hard complied earned prod-with passed when and where most needed,
side of that sphere of skin; we forcedour and can and is only passed when and
kills the
leaving none to stain the clean pink the law, and if he injures or
way in and ascertained that fact. intruders their owners can compel him where not required.
flesh; then a perfect scald had been But it was the unanimous decision of to pay the cost, even though they were Local option in fact is no law at
given, not so severe as to parboil the the family to let it stay there. caught land.in the act of robbing him on his all. in a country or condition of

skin, which preserved a wholesomered Florida owes Major Campbell own It is to be relieved of the heavy expense society where there is no law the will
; then plucked and dressed to the hearty thanks and praise for demon of building and repairing such of the majority is the law, and local
strating so conclusively the very important fences tht the "fence law' question is for the
tail-in option only gives permission
very tip of the snout and the
differance there is betweena being agitated.
will of the majority to constitute itself
t. doing all which, as Izaak Walton razorback starved on roots and a I quite agree with you, sir, that the the law. In lawmaking, therefore, a

said, he "used him as though he loved razorback sufficiently fed on peanuts. remedy for this unjust legal fence law local option law is a ste; ack into
him." Our taste was not acute enough to detect is to be sought in "amending the barbarism cr no law. It is the law of
the taste in the flesh but law in of its harsh
No pedigree was needed to peanut present some par- might and not of right.
prove the pot in the kitchen in which the ticulars."
him a genuine razorback for the whole To return to the subject of cattle
lard rendered emitted
was being a The law has no more right to say and there is
hog trespass, a right as
forty-four pounds of him could have fragrance which was unmistakably that there shall be no remedy against well be ascertainedwith
to -
as a
been pulled endways through a ten- with the incomparable nut. wrong
, freighted open air robbery, unless you have -a the fence and
regard to question,
inch orifice in the wall, and the fat To appreciate this half wild meatat fence that nothing can get through or -'
a law, can be made to uphold
over his ribs and the leaf lard were its full value it should be eaten. hot, under or over, than it has to say and restrain doers lawto
right a
wrong ;
only about a half-inch thick. on a hot plate, and with no aditionbut there shall be no remedy against be obligatory on rich and poor
We had a sparerib taken out little salt.
a house thieves unless all your doors
alike the weak and the alike
strong ,
Westphalian fashion, and baked by It is not good when warmed over; and windows are made perfectly se- and minorities alike
the wife herself. There no the is flown the is de- over majorities ,
good savor spirit cure by bolts and bars and locks. if have legislators wise enoughand
more old-fashioned roasts with the parted. Neither should it be made When we are thus secured outside you and

roasting-jack and the open fire, which into sausage (except fora coal and in we may say to the "majesty of impartial to formulate enough and courageous and
perfumed the air of the kitchen with heaver), for its exquisite flavor is de- the law:" "Thank you for nothing; we make enough suitable provision for pass its rigid ,

the exquisite aroma of the meat, there- stroyed by the seasoning. Sausage have now protected ourselves and we enforcement. E. M. KING.
by wasting all of it except the little should be made only of such meat as don't see what we want with you any Banana, Putnam Co.
portion saved by the nostrils of the can not be eaten without the disguis- more, or why we should pay for you .

cook. The modern_ oven or range ing charity of sage and pepper.-ED. any. more." The balance of the machinery for'
saves this and keeps it in the bake for I I A fence that is sufficient to keep in the saw mill for the Seminole Indians
the delectation of our palates, althoughthese The Fence Law. one's own cattle in one's own fields arrived the other day and was hauledout

powerful essences of gamy, half- Editor Farmer and Fa uit-Grower: ought to be judged; sufficient to keep Monday by two teams, three yokeof
wild meat are hard on dyspeptic stom- The excellent gentleman who edits out other people's stray cattle;; and if cattle to each wagon.
this is mistaken in
achs.It. supposingthat
paper PSI
they break in the owners of the stray
was done tender in an hour. one at least of the C'excel1entladies" cattle ought to pay the trespass pen- Dan Dixon, who lives near the
Then the five of us ate of it on New he alludes to in his article alty. Iamonia lake in Leon county, accepts

Year's day, with sour apple-sauce and headed "Stock Law," is "laboring to No sir! cooters as legal tender at his store. It
the nearest available approach to the secure a fund to pay the expense of a "Local option" you say. ,and is said to be an interesting sight to see
suit in court to test the constitution- No such pusillatimous, shifty ,
Westphalian Pumpernickel graham Mr. Dixon's customers, after having
loaf. There was butter on the table- ality of the present stock law," as above all things, essentially tyrannical I purchased various articles, reach down

butter as rich as hickory-nuts homemade well as in implying that her system of legislation for me.of it into a sack and hand him a large
from a cow of unquestioned efforts would be directed to dare say we shall have plenty cooter, for value received, for which,

Cracker pedigree-yet even the children endeavoring to obtain "the operationof notwithstanding.No in return, they get two or three small
passed it by to spread on their a no-fence law." As I concludethat mental effort is required to pass cooters in change, according to the
bread the gravy which had trickledout I am the "excellent lady" alluded a local option law. No clearsightedand amount of goods purchased.
of the rich and rare spare-rib. to as writing in the Palatka impartial judgment is requiredto
When they had picked the bones Times, allow me to correct these mis- formulate it, and above all it is safe
clean and sopped the last morsels of takes.I and convenient. No legislator need
the nutty brown bread in the gravy, have not started any fund for the lose his popularity or his votes by it, The SuperiorMEDICINE
they looked at each other and they purpose mentioned nor have I askedfor because it always legislates in favor of
loved each other. or contributed to such a fund, the majority! In law and lawmakingonly

"That boy," when he first rippedthe though perhaps I may do so if I thinkit right and wrong should be con-

carcass out of its cloth and gazed advisable. Nor, as far as I am sidered, not the will of majorities or all forms of
upon its eel-like proportions, had ex- aware, has Helen Harcourt started minorities. But if anything they for
pressed the opinion that Major Camp- such a fund. The gentleman who should favor minorities rather than blood disease,

bell had "wasted a lot of good pea- did so was one signing himself majorities, majorities can: generallytake
nuts feeding 'em to that snipe." But "Dodo." I reprinted his letter in care of themselves.Law AVER'SSarsaparilla
when he had eaten his fill of the spare my Alliance Department of the Pa- is, or should be, for the protection -
ribs he volunteered the critical and latka Times, which I thought, it my of the weak against the strong
wholly unbiased judgment that it duty to do, as relating to a matter and to put the law virtually into the
"laid just a little bit over anything which the farmer ought seriously to hand of the (strong) majority and health
we had ever eat in Florida." consider. And I also quoted his let- against the(weak) minority is legalized the

About seven years ago, when we ter with approbation.I tyranny; a most fatal reversal of the restorer, and health

were fresh in Florida-even the have neither the power nor the I true principle of law-making. maintainer. .
youngest child remembers it yetwesat inclination nor the intention of takingthe Besides the vicious principle in .
down to another razorback bake, lead in this matter, nor do I follow volved in local option, in effect it is Cures Otherswill -

our first, also cooked by the good the lead of any one who does not tactically nugatory.
wife in person. Like the virtuous I publicly give his name to what he pub Take, for instance, a drink local cure you.
advocates. Furthermore I am option law. Where a town or city is
woman in the Scriptures she arose, be- licly ,


:. ..... ....,. ---- -....,......... .,. .-_:.- a-.. t' .t -- -

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fi I -

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CONTENTS. transportation which are painfullytrue. tions. They have cried out with an as are not already provided with trans-
:: portation, application to the Gen-
But we should have more respect "exceeding bitter cry" for help; theyare eral Passenger Agents of the several

QUOTE: AJTD ORCHARD-Peaches to Plant;A Sweet for the document if it had been powerless to help themselves. lines. A list of members will be in the
Pomelo;California Orange Crop;Underdralnage hands of these railroad officials. Mem-
for Fertility; 3 openly fathered either by the Exchange True, they might have subscribed to bers desiring transportation will be pro-

The Record Japan of Persimmon Southern Fruits(Dlospyros;The Dewberry Kakl); Early in or the author, and not sent the stock of the Exchange, which has vided, upon application, to any of the.

Florida;An Ornamental Evergreen Hedge and forth into the world foundlingand always been to them but they following General Passenger Agents:
as a open ;
Wind.Break; 4 W. M. Davidson, Jacksonville, S., F.
Concerning Foot-Rot; 5 I! a foster child with the good have been like all other rural classes &W.A. .
Table and O. MacDonell, Jacksonville, F., C.
THE VIXEYARD-The Scappernong -
wishes of all concerned. from the beginning of history, distrustful -
Wine Grape; 5 .
FARMER AXD TRUCKER-Cassava,Cutworm,Paris Either this proposed line of fruit of the men who live in cities, &P.G.. D. Ackerly, Jacksonville, J., T. &
Green Etc.;Beggar Weed;Watermelons; 6 K. W.
.. LIVE STOCK-Two Florida Bakes:The Fence Law;' 7 steamers will pay or it will not. If and regarding the nominal ten-dollar Wilbur McCoy, Sanford F. R. R.

. EDITORIAL Grasp Notes the Orange: An Anonymous Traffic; Florida Appeal Press:' To there is a probability that it will pay shares as a mere contribution.The A full attendance is earnestly desiredat

, Association 8 this meeting, as important changes in
there ought to be enough business en. Exchange has never presentedan
.MARKETS-For Florida Produce: 8 the rules of the Association, as well as
The Houses Reason the and Necessary the Remedy Facilities;Have for Our Ventilation School terprise in Jacksonville to put up the impressive front calculated to cap- the (dates of annual meetings, have been
Florida Fruit Exchange; 9 and will for
suggested probably come up
coin establish it without tivate the popular imagination and
OUR Youso FOLKS-Saved by a Picture; 10 to calling on discussion. Fraternally yours,

STATE NEws-Notes; 10 the growers to furnish out of their doubtless its policy hitherto has been MAHLON GORE,

... OCR Talk.Reclpes RURAL HOME; Wastes. .of the. Kitchen. ; Tea. 11 poverty what will, be virtually a con the policy of wisdom-except in the Ej officio Chairman Executive Com.

THE FARMERS ALUuCJI-Tbe: World's Fair;One ---
Thing More;The Question of Rice; The Monopoly tribution. The Fruit Exchange is one particular of frittering away the
of Politics; 12!
Address to the Cotton Growers; 13 strong enough to become at least the surplus in dividends. -But now it JVEar\ ets.FERTILIZERS.
MISCELLAKT-The Banner Orange Route; The .
Death Watch;Sheep In Nassau County; 13 nucleus for a company to be organ- has reached a point where it shouldno ........ ....,..
TOBAcco-Wrapper Leaf Culture-No.3; a
, THE FARM-Deep Plowing and Fertilizer Essential ized for the purpose of building or longer hover timidly along shore, .
to Success What,How and When to Plant 14
GARDEN AND LAWK; -A Florida Garden; ; 15 chartering some fruit steamers. but should make sail for the main [Corrected by A. M. Bond, General Agent, of the
Bowker Fertilizer Company.]
POULTRY-Turkeys and Their Habits Setting
Th of
15 ocean. epolicy magnanimitytoward
The. t 9 < PER:TON.

Self-Purification of Rivers; 1:1: To Grasp the Orange Traffic. outside would be Bowkers' Orange Grower ................ $40.00

growers now .. Vegetable Grower.............. 40.00
The present is not the time to deny eminently in order especially when Pineapple Grower.............. 42.00
STEPHEN POWERS Editor.P. $ Tobacco Grower................. 44.00
O. Address, Lawtey, Fla. or belittle the services of the Florida that policy would be looking toward '1 Bone and Potash........... .. ... 38.00
Fish and Potash........... .. .... 38.00
Fruit Exchange or to do anything to : an ultimate mastery of the U Fresh Ground Bone.............. 32.00
orange II Dissolved Bone.................. 30.00
In Mr. A. L. Duncan's letter in thee weaken the growers' confidence in it. traffic. Dissolved Bone Black...................... 28.00
" Bone Black................................. 28.00
issue of Dec. 31, twelfth line from The Exchange has picked up the And the Home \Iarket-what is it High Grade Sulphate Potash.,............ 51.00
Sulphate Potash....... ......... ........... 32.00
the bottom, read "sweet"instead of loose threads and fringes of the trade doing to any large purpose? s We are Muriate Potash............................. 44.00
Kainit.................. .................... 16.00
___ "sour. and knitted a garment for its shoul. informed with some effusion in its recent Sulphate Ammonia.................'........ 75-oo
t Sulphate Magnesia.....,.................. 18.00
ders. It has given many a grower bulletins that this is the fifth Nitrate of Soda......'.......,............,. 52.00
The jumbled make-up of the paper Nitrate Potash............................. 130.00
last week will readersa something where he would otherwise season of its activity, and yet it too Dried Blood (best)..................,....... 42.00
serve to give our have received nothing. It has takenan has never branched out from Jackson. Plain Superphosphate...................... 17.00
picture the confusion which
aggressive attitude as to transportation ville. Not central
a single packing
reigns in the establishment during the FRUIT EXCHANGE BULLETIN.

process of transfer from the two old rates, and last year it put on an house has ever been erected as a test JACKSONVILLE, FLA., Jan. 4.

opposition steamer in the special in- of the system and a beacon light to Prices to-day are about as last reported.
.. buildings to the new one, where work- Much decay is still being complained of;
men are still busy placing machinery terest of the orange traffic, but this the growers. Are we to understand this, however, does not apply to very recent -

last step was not advertised sufficientlybefore that the wonderfully energetic and shipments, but covers the fruit for ,
and presses, painting, papering, etc. warded a week or ten days since.
U-- hand to inspire confidence in marvelously voluble manager has Receipts at all points have decreased

The Fruit Trade Journal says the the shippers, and the result was practically never made enough money out of his during the week, but we still think it
advisable to continue the light shipmentsfor
Californians have found another a failure. operations to erect a packing housein at least ten days longer. Better to

.- pleasant cure for the grip in the kakior But the Exchange is now old and the orange belt? Or that he has commence with good ripe fruit on bare
markets than to rush in too heavily and
Japan persimmon. Fortunately powerful enough to do somethingmore really no faith in the system? cause a repetition of recent low prices.It .

Florida does not need to grow the than stand in the highway and Perhaps he is waiting for the is estimated that about one and a
half million boxes of the present crop
fruit for this purpose, but the culture with the right hand take the oranges growers to help. He has a right to has been moved up to date. This leaves

E of it is being considerably extended from the growers and pass them alongto expect them to help, for we may say, I about two million boxes yet to be mar-
.... -without thought of sacrilegethe keted with five months in which to do it.
nevertheless for its own sake as a the auctioneer with the left.Ve
gods help those (and we might This ought to convince the most skeptical -

,;. most luscious and. .nourishing. fruit. will assume-and it is quite within well add, only those) who help them. into danger.RATES.In that there. is no necessity to rush

the limit of safety-that the directors selves. answer to several iuquiries

: It is a standing marvel to some of paid last season a dividend of $15,000. With both the Exchange and Home as to the reduction of rates to Eastern

t' the friends of Florida why her farmers Market the motto should henceforth points directed by the Inter-State Com-
According to all the accepted canonsof Commission we can, that
merce only say
r l do not raise more Irish potatoes. be-not a cent for dividends, every I
.: trade they had an unquestionableright we have filed a bill in the United States
They are always a cash article in the dollar for a working capital r District Court to enforce this order of the
to pay this dividend, thereby returning We shall pursue this subject further. commission, and that the transportation
State seldom if worth less than
ever, the profits of the traffic to the companies have met the same by. filing a
:-: $1 a bushel, and it is a very poor stockholders FLORIDA PRESS ASSOOIATION. petition for a rehearing by the commission -
but there is
; a "higherlaw decision which the
pending upon
farmer and land that will
very poor by virtue of which this court has suspended the hearing
organi- Change: of Time and Place of Hold- uponour
not produce at least fifty bushels of injunction bill. In the meantime
.f zation of growers, dealing with growers ing Next Annual Meeting. all the transportation lines are exactingthe

.'. marketable tubers per acre at an expense and existing only for growers, To Members of Florida Press Association: rate of 40 cents per box as before.

of $25. The crop can be At a meeting of the Executive Com-
" had no right to lay a finger that
. mittee of the Association held in Jacksonville -
twice a and the seed CHICAGO Jan. 5.
grown year, ,
surplus. Every dollar of surplus every on December 23, it was decidedto
t need not be imported from the North Special to FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER:
change the place and time of holding
season ought to be laid
sacredly away Brights $2.15 Russets, $1.90;
than dollars the next annual meeting of the Associa- average ;
more once a year. Fifty until it accumulates in sufficient volumeto tion from Quincy, January 13th, to Jacksonville Tangerines, $4.00.

: an acre per year is a good profit for enable the directors to enter with the January 25th, at 7:30 p. m. M. GEORGE & Co.
The Michigan Press Association will
farming. t might of cash into the great scheme be in Jacksonville on the 26th, and this NEW YORK, Jan. 6.
arrangement will enable us to meet themas Special to the Times-Union:
An Anonymous Appeal.In which alone is worth striving for, the
a body. Oranges are in good demand. The
our market reports we print, final calling and election of the central Arrangements have been made with : stock is clearing up at advanced prices.

to newspaper custom an packing-house system. the: Savannah, Florida and Western; the ; Bright, straight lines, 2.12 to 2.37; fancy
contrary Florida Central and Peninsular; the bright, 176 and 200, 2.37 to 2.75; bright
anonymous circular, because, first, it The orange growers of Florida are Jacksonville. Tampa and Key West, and 226 and 230, 2 to 2.25; bright, 126 and

is endorsed-by the Florida Fruit Ex- weary and sick to heart of talk, of the South Florida railroads for.transportation 150, 2 to 2.25; russets, 1.75 to 2.25; Tan-
; for the wives of all members of gerines, 2 to 4.50; Mandarins, 2 to 2.50.
change; second, it' recites facts as to conferences, conventions and resolu- the Association, and for such members OLIVIT BROS.

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PHILADELPHIA, Jan. 6. .65; bright, 1.35 to 2.50; russet, 1.25 to The down\ freight will average, say.l,500 building can be made with that amountin
Special to the Times-Union: 2.37. 110,000 boxes of oranges at 25: cts.... 2,200 hand. The balance can be paid as

Arrivals are extremely light and prices Same, Dec. 30: Tangerines, halves, .37 Lumber in hold of ship................. 1,500' progress is made in the construction of
to 2.25 Mandarins halves .37 to l.OC I the ships.All .
2.50 to 2.75 ; ;
2.10 very to strong.2.25 russets Fancy,1.90 to 2 ; bnghts fruit, Navels, 2.05 to 2.50; shaddocks, 2.00; Total per trip............................$5,500 parts of the State are interested,
bright, 2.25; to 2.50,; Mandarins: ; grape, 2 to 3,; grape fruit, .87 to2.75; bright, .7 5 to2.25; Cost of running ship ................... 2.000 as there is not a county that does not
produce something that ought to reach
russet .65 to 2.62.
cucumbers Tangerines, 3.50 3.50 to to 4 4.50; beans,crate 2.50 to 3; E. Roberts, Philadelphia, Dec. 28: Navels Profit each trip.......................S83,500 I the markets in quick time and in good

8 to,10 a barrel. Now per is the;timeto eggplants 2.10; Mandarins\ halves, .50 to .90; This estimate does not include many order to realize the best prices. Refrigerators -
ship fruit. W. H. ,MICHAEL. bright, 1.00 to 1.60; russet, 1.00 to 1.40. large items, and vegetables will take the : will be used to carry strawberriesand
your (Oranges in C. F. T. car No. 13,039, sold place of oranges in their season. Another other perishable products, saving
from 10 to 20 cents higher than those in large item will be our phosphates. over $500 per car and giving better time.
PHILADELPHIA, January 2. C. & S. car No. 634.) During the summer season this alone will Act at once. Make your subscriptionsas

Since our last report the receipts of Same, Dec. 30: Tangerines, halves, .80 soon supply more than one line with all large as possible, as there are many
Florida oranges have been liberal and to 1.20; Mandarins\ halves, .90; grapefruit the ballast freight required or desired. that cannot be reached, and unless there
much of the fruit showing more or less 1.60; bright, .50 to 1.60; russet, .50 All experts who examined the fruit is prompt interest taken nothing will be
waste, which has caused receivers to to 1.10. (Oranges by O. S. S. Co. averaged sent on the steamship Brixham by the done. Do not wait to see if it is a suc-
force it on the market, consequently 1.00 per box; by C. &S. car No. 298 Florida Fruit Exchange last winter reported cess; make it so by sending in your sub-
prices on this grade has ruled low, but averaged 1.18 per box.) that it arrived in the best orderof scription and pledge of freight to the
anything sound, showing good keeping Barnett Bros., Chicago, Dec. 28: Tan- any cargo of fruit ever received from line at once. Direct to "Steamship,"
quality, meets with ready sale at full gerines, halves, .80 to 2.05; Mandarins, Florida, and the prices realized were care of Florida Fruit Exchange, Jacksonville -
prices, but if shippers will hold back a .50 to 1.35; bright, 1.30 to 1.90; russet, above those prevailing at the time of Fla.Jacksonville .
little, we feel satisfied that they will get 1.55 to 1.80. (C. F. T. cars 13,255 and I sale.You Fla., Dec. 31 1891.
much better results shortly, as the stockon 13,105.) I may say that your four ships cannot m .
the market is l being rapidly reduced. Same, Dec. 30: Tangerines, halves, 1.25 I carry all the crop of Florida. Ad- Have Our School Houses the Necessary -

Mandarins and Tangerines are plenty to 1.95; boxes, 2.15 to 3.80; grape fruit, mitted; but the reduction by one line Facilities for Ventilation .
and dull sale. Grape fruit also more< 2.15; bright, .50 to 2.05; russet, .75 to would compel other lines to make the
and There is same reduction. Then there are always Many school rooms containing the correct -
plenty prices easier. a good 1.85. (L. & N. cars 15,151 and 16,747
demand for new vegetables if of choice and C. F. T. car 13,150; the latter l h ated many fruit steamships like the Brixham amount of space for pupils, or per-
quality, but poor stock won't pay to shipto and in poor condition.) ready for charter. All that is needed is haps even more than is necessary, are
our market during the winter months. I a responsible organization backed by still faulty as regards space, on accountof
We and capital and the pledge of the fruit. their proportions. It may be set
quote: Oranges, Fancy Bright, The Reason tho Remedy.The .
Now to the West should the rail- down as a rule amply justified by prac-
straight lines, $2 to 2.25; with selected of fruit arriving in as ,
counts ranging 2.25 to 2.50, and all large, bad order complaints coming thicker and faster. roads refuse to reduce present rates tical experience that all space in a school
hours to New York two three room lying above a hortizontal plane
1.75 Choice
to 2. bright straight lines, seventy or
At sale the fruit is reported de-
1.75 to 1.DO: ordinary, 1.50 to 1.65. Fancy every mind days to Chicago or other Western cities, twelve feet higher than the floor is, for
The to our is the
cayed. reason of ventilation to be consideredas
Russets, straight lines, 1.75 to 1.90; ordi- want of ventilation. will be quite as rapid transit as we haveat purposes ,
nary to choice, 1.40 to 1.70. The above proper present, and there are thousands upon waste space.
and lemons from the Mediter-
Oranges,: Each pupil should have 243 cubic feet
quotations are for sound fruit or reason- thousands of empty cars sent West for
anean, being over twenty days en route, of below this is to
sound with fruit grain, as well as refrigerator cars space plane-that say
ably wasty selling according arrive at New York in better order many
to its value. Lemons, strictly sent East with meat, etc., that will be 20y square feet of floor space, or a
Floridas but three four
than the or days too to take fruit at much square each side of which is 4M feet.
fancy bright, $3 to 3.50; ordinary, 2 to out. The difference is almost wholly for only our
2.50. Russets, 1 to 1.50. Grape fruit, less rates than we are now paying. There How many schools in this country meet
want of ventilation. As long as the far the of
this By majority
to be other of relief.
1.75 to 2.23 per box. Tangerines, large seems no means
weather is fine, the sea smooth, the allow than half this
them do not
size, ((200 to 3CO), fancy, per box, 3.50$ to and When the rates were raised last season
latches[ are left open a partial sup- the that there was a space for each pupil, and in many cases
4.00; small sizes, 2 to 2.50; :Mandarins, of fresh air secured but the moment excuse given was,
ply than one-third.
1.50 to 2. Fgg plants, choice, per barrel very short crop, but little fruit North, not more
there is a rough sea (and during the ship- How about the quantity of" air admit-
7 to 10. Cucumbers choice and the were to receive such
crate growers
2.50 to 3.50; poor, 1.00 to 1.50.per String, ping hatches season it is battened very apt down to be rough fresh), large returns that they ought to be will- ted? To maintain the air in a good sani-
the are no
condition in constructed
a properly
beans, green, 2.00 to 2.50; wax, 1.00 to air is admitted and the natural heat of ing to divide with the transportation tary
2.00. Refugees, 1.50 to 2.00. Ripe toma- the companies. This year, with the largest school room, my experience confirmsthe
the fruit is supplemented by stated Bil-
toes, choice, per crate, 2.50 to 3.50; ordi- crop ever raised in Florida, the Northern amount required as by
the boilers and the
arising from heating to-wit cubit feet of air for
lings, Sixty
markets glutted with small fruits of
nary and out of order, 1.00 to 1.50.
the with the result
of of
apparatus ship, each occupant minute. For 100-
Squash, per crate, 1.50 to 2.00. Green every description, no reduction was per
of the fruit.
spoiling large percentage this to cubit feet
peas, per crate 2.00 to 2.50. Lettuce, per made, and none will be unless we take pupils amounts 350,000
barrel, 3.50 to 5.50, according to quality THE REMEDY. hold and compel it. per hour. How many schools come up
those interested and that to this requirement? There are many
and condition. Lettuce should be shippedall Let means
schools in this country that contain 100
rail express and all other vegetablesA. the fruit and vegetable growers, together
C. D. REDFIELD & SON. with the merchants and others interestedin If the newspapers of the State will lay pupils and do not introduce more than
the welfare of the State combine, the subject before their patrons, every 25,000 feet of pure air per hour, and
and line of wellventilatedsteamers one of whom is interested in this matter.f even that is rendered in a measure inef-
provide a
FRUIT AUCTIONS. to. sail" direct,. from Florida to. [ some influential! person in each;: !neighborhood !- fective, because the air is not properly

L. Connolly &;Co., Liverpool l, Dec. 9-14: New York and other Northern ports. will talk with his friends, ask admitted.The .
985 boxes from lls. 9d. to 2s. 6d., average ? them to take stock, to the extent of five pupils do not die in the poisoned
about 9s. 6d.; 23 boxes wasty. Orange CAN THIS BE DONE cents per box, of his present crop, the atmosphere; many of them will appear
Lake Fruit Co., 33 boxes, 150-176, lls. Let us examine Into the matter. Thereis matter would soon be settled. Many reasonably healthy. So do many persons
9d.; L. J. P. Bishop, 20, 150-240, 8s. 9d; a.steamship already built and readyto cannot afford to take a full share of $100; who visit and tarry in malarial districts.
Bishop & Hoyt, 10, 120-138, lls. Gd.; O. sail for Jacksonville (the "John G. in such cases let several combine and But though the effects are not immediateand
V. A. Co., 32, 128-176,8s. 9d.; O. V. A. Christopher"), that we think will proveto subscribe for a share to be held by one striking, they are sure, permanentand
Co., 36 russet, 127-250, 7s. 3d; 2 Mandarins ; be a model ship-fast, well-ventilated, of their number and, at the same time, easily to be traced to their causes
4s. Gd. built especially for the fruit trade. Sheis pledge their freight to the line, and in in after years by those who make a
E. L. Goodsell, New York, Dec. 28: advertised to sail from Jacksonville to less than thirty days operations will be study of diseases and its causes. It is
Sew York on the 13th of January, and is readi- less humane to kill child
Tangerines, halves, .35 to 1.65; boxes, commenced, as everything in scarcely a by
3.00; Mandarins, halves, .40 to 1.05; Sat- will carry oranges on her first trip for ness. Piers rented, agents at work, ves- willfully ignoring sanitary requirementsthan
sumas, halves, 55; navels, 1.60 to 2.70; 30 cents per box. Her time will not.be sels are ready for charter, all that is to cripple it for life physically,
grapefruit, .50 to 1.70; bright, .35 to 1.95; over 70 hours. lacking is for you to do your part, and, mentally and morally, as children are
russet, .50 to 1.90; fancy, 2.30. She will cost, ready for sailing, about while the ships are being built, the good I being crippled to-day in the vile atmos-
Same, Dec. 30: Tangerines, halves, .25 $80,000, and will carry 20,000 boxes of work will be carried forward. Every phere of many schools-LEICESTER
to 1.50 boxes, 1.05 to 1.50; Mandarins, oranges, comfortably. Now, to build merchant in the State should take at ALLEN, in Engineering Magazine\ for
halves .25 to .60; Navels, 1.40; bright, three more ships: to run in connection least one share of stock, as his inK on September. .
.55 to 1.90; russet.20 to 1.75; grapefruit, with this one, will cost about $240,000. down freights would soon re) the in- 9 <
.35 to 1.10. Now* how can this amount be raised? vestment. Lumbermen should scribe, Florida Fruit Exchange.The .
The estimated crop of this season is will be with outletsat Executive Committee of the
Same, Jan. 2: Tangerines! .15 to .95; as they provided new
boxes, .95 to 1.60; :Mandarins, halves, .55 about 3,500,000 boxes; five cents per box a reduced price; in fact, all classes Florida Fruit Exchange desire to com-
to .70; boxes, .80 to 2.70; bright, .55 to would furnish $175,000-nearly enough ought to take a financial interest in the mend the enclosed circular to the care-
1.80; russet, .55 to 1.80. to build and equip the three ships. matter. If this project should meet witha ful consideration of the fruit growersof

Sgobel & Day, Dec. 24: 1,440 boxes WOULD IT PAY? sufficient number of responses a meeting Florida. The need of better facilitiesfor
oranges, 1.75; Tangerines, halves, .80 to We are now paying 40 centsper box of those subscribing will be called, the careful handlin gand judicious
2.10; :Mandarins, .50 to 1.00; boxes; 1.80; freight to New York. Build three ships a company formed and active operations transportation of fruit is evidenced every
fancy, 2.85; bright, .25 to 2.00; Navels, and let them be owned and run in the commenced at once. This is a subject day by the reports received of the poor
2.45 to 3.20; russet, .26 to 1.80. interest of Florida, and the first result that has been discussed for some time, condition in which fruit is delivered at
Same, Dec. 26: 1,541 boxes oranges, would be a reduction of 15 cents per box. and the need is urgent, as we all know : the terminal points of delivery.
average 1.64: Tangerines, halves, 1.40 to In other words, if the fruit growers that at this time there is not a single ship I The establishment of a lme of steamers -
2.30; Mandarins, halves,.75; grape fruit, vould take stock to the amount of 5 sailing from Florida or Georgia that is I especially constructed as fruit carriers
1.90; bright, .90 to 2.05; russet, 1.35 to cents per box, based on the size of the properly> ventilated. Prompt action is I is exceedingly desirable and we ..
1.65. present> crop, they would have their.investment required. Will the people of Florida I believe may be accomplished by a unionof

Same, Dec. 29, 700 boxes oranges, returned with 200 per cent. longer submit to the ruinous freight the fruit and vegetable growers act-
average 1.58: Tangerines, halves, 1.40 to profit, in reduction of freight. Then the rates and defective transportation? Or ing with the merchants in establishingsuch
1.75; Mandarinslialves, .35 to.65; bright, fruit, being in transit less than 70 hoursin will you take hold and help yourselveswith a line.Respectfully. .
1.00 to 2.25; russet, 1.35 to 1.70. a well-ventilated ship, would arrive a certainty of receiving three times G. R. Fairbanks, D.
H. Harris & Co., Boston, Dec. 28: Tan- in so much better condition than it does the amount invested the first season? Greenleaf, B. M. Baer, M. S. Moreman,
gerines, halves, 112 to 2.12; Mandarins, at present that it would sell for at least Only 25 per cent., perhaps only 10 per Executive Committee Florida Fruit Ex

halves, .50 to 1.62; Navels, 1.90 to 2.87; 10 cents per box in advance of prices cent., need be paid on the organization change.Jacksonville. t.,
grape, fruit,1.95 to 2.50; Satsumas. ,halves, now realized. of the company, as the contract for Fla., Dec. 31,1891. _',

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Florida might hope to compete in the f
Our 'Y oun FolI\s.
gtate jfeate industry with Central America. Mr
... .
of the
C. R. Dodge, Agricultural
-- X N 1W1 WS S V NX11'S N IV V \ >
Saved by a Picture. i Department Washington, who has /

.. One hot day in July, 1860, a herdsman Aluminum, the wonderful metal, looked into Florida's sisal resources, t
was driving a lot of cattle to a new ranch i that i ia! brighter than silver, stronger You press the recommends that the Legislature take
near Helena, Texas. It was hot, and he I than steel and lighter than wood, is j
drove part way at night. In passing an- abundant in Florida and renders button, action forbidding the carrying awayof i
other herd the cattle became mixed. The the plants from the Keys. Nurseries -
next day about noon a dozen or so Texas some land less valuable as phosphateland we do tin rest. are now being established in favorable t
rangers overtook the herdsman and de- but more valuable as aluminumland. localities.-Wakulla Times. ,

manded their cattle which they said Aluminum is worth ten' dollars Set en dew Style and Sizes
were stolen. They were a rough lot of in and from Cincinnati reach-
a pound commerce, some ALL LOADED WITH Transparent Film Inquiries are
with hair slouch hats and
covered men, all over long with belts, pistols, bowie-, of the people who missed it on phos- For ale by all Photo. Stock De.alers.THEEASTMANCOMPAN. ing this place concerning the acreageof

knives. The herdsman was alarmed.It phate have a fortune in aluminum. cabbage, tomatoes, Irish potatoes,
was before the day of law and court Tampa Tribune. etc., in this vicinity. The parties in-
houses in that region, and he knew that Send for C&talogue.. ROCHESTER. Y. quiring are especially anxious about "
he had better shoot five men than kill a The indications for next year's .
mule worth5. He felt the responsibility, strawberry crops cannot, of course, be cabbage, as the northern supply will
and offered to explain, but they told him very definite at this early date. and makes fifteen pounds of butter be exhausted early in the season and

to cut his story short. He offered to There are some things, however, that every seven days. The calf is now they think cabbage will be sure to
turn over the cattle not his own; but they already cast their shadows before. seven weeks old and the cow is fed on bring a good price this season. The
laughed[ at that, and said they generallytook fall deterred in this section
cottonseed meal and dry
The uniform bran cassava many
the whole herd and hung the thief, almost failure to make ,
to serve as a warning to others in like money out of the strawberry crop sweet potatoes, at a cost of about $5 from planting largely; but it is not yet

cases. this year at every point where staw- per month, besides having a common too late to plant some early varieties

They consulted apart a few moments, berries are grown, cannot fail of have lake shore pasture. Mr. McKinney, which will mature in time for the
and said: "We've made up our minds to and trade. Get seed
April May
in addition
ing some influence on the extent of to growing everything con.
give ten minutes to explain yourself;
you sumed on his place is raising fine planted at once.-Milton Clarion.
so you can begin. The poor fellow was the crop to be harvested next season. ,
completely overcome. He looked at the We have yet to hear of a place in the poultry. He is a practical farmer and Prof. Emile DuBois, the well known

men,turned pale and commenced" "How West where this year's results were orange grower.-Leesburg Commercial. and successful wine manufacturer of
of have wives? Four or
many you men
five nodded. "How many have chil- at all satisfactory to strawberry growers Leon county, this State, has organ-

dren?" They nodded again. "Then you and the almost certain effect will The dwellers on the Florida Keysare ized a stock company with a capital of

will know what I mean, and I'll talk to i be to lessen the acreage for next year. much exasperated at the constant $100,000, $25,000 of which has already
YOU. I never stole anp'cattle. I came From all obtainable information the been taken northern
from theft of their sisal by Bahamians, who by capitalists -
here three I am New
Hampshire years; I failed ago.there in the panic of inference seems justifiable that there visit the Keys by stealth and carry for the purpose of manufacturingFlorida

57. I have been saving; I have paid partof will be a decrease of at least 25 percent away boat loads of the plant. Sisal wines from the. grape. He

my debts; here are the receipts,(and] in the Mississippi Valley. was introduced from Yucatan about has purchased 250 acres on Grand
he unfolded a lot of them). My friends Thousands of of old beds have
acres fifty years ago, and now grows luxu Island, near Leesburg in Lake county,
lire East for I from to
place place
and have,no home go here. I have lived on been plowed up where hundreds of riously among the Keys, especially and is perfecting plans to commence

hard fare. I have slept out on the acres of new ones have been set. in the neighborhood of Biscayne bay. operations at once. Prof. DuBoishas

_ground. I am a hard-looking customer, Growers have at last become con- Its cultivation was seriously interfered made a great success in the culture -

but this is a*hard country; these clothesare vinced that the market may be over with by the civil war, but there are I of the grape and his productionsare
rough, but I am honest. Days seem done.-Produce Trade known
Reporter.Now magnificent undeveloped possibilitiesin all over the country.NewCapitol.
like months to me, and months like
years. I expect to sell out and go homein for the orange groves here and it. Yucatan last year exported sisalto .
November for Thanksgiving. You the value of $7,000,000, and owes t
around Ocala. To see those trees
know married men, if it was not for her wealth in the product of cheap If feel weak
accustomed as I am to good fruit you
those letters from home (here he pulledout
labor. If would inventa
his wife's letters), I should give up; bearers, in this locality, rather aston some genius and all worn out takeBROWN'S
but I must get out of debt and live some ished me. Mr. Brooks nicked eleven machine for the treatment of the

way, men. I can't say no more, but if hundred Tangerine from one fiber, remarks the New York Post, IRON BITTERS
you must kill me for what I'm innocentof oranges
six old. One of
send these home. Here are the receipts tree years tree grapefruit
my wife's letters; here's my Testa- on the place of Mr. Walters SYMPTOMS OF

ment that my mother gave me; here's about eighteen years old had, esti f aY
/ my little girl's picture-God bless her! mated, one ton or fifteen barrels of
(and ho kissed it tenderly). Now, men,
fruit and these
are quoted at
$2.50 a
send these home-and can't send
half what the cattle come to? you My family box or $5 a barrel in New York mar- P'ARESISCO.OSUJlPTION

will need it much more when I am kets. The Waite brothers have in

gone." addition to their grove 60,000 one

"Hold up now! Stop right thar!" saida year seedlings budded, the buds one ( OF THE BRAIN). TIlE BRAIN(from a photograph).
rough ranger. "Not another word! I old. These In Healthy Conditilm."ith PaTel Lesions.
say, fellers, such men don't steal! You year trees average Restlessness,a feverish feeling,! periodic headaches, dizziness,dimness of vision,
can go free. Give us your hand old boy! feet high for one year's growth and ringing In the ears, difficulty in leepleasncssi e in remembering names and the faces even of
That picture an' them letters did the bis- are sold at 25 cents each for the California friends. The victim of Paresis is often shocked or annoyed by little noises and trifling thing
ness. But you're lucky, mind ye." market. I three The nervous system is often in such! condition that very slight causes' or even no cause at all
saw cars being
excite sudden outbursts of A of the brain is
to feeling
may anger. pressure upon
"I'll do better un that, said a rough packed for that place, 15,000 to each followed by seasons of despondency,mental depression alternating wittf periods of wild,illusive
ranger with a bowie-knife in his hand. hopes. When the brain begins to consume or decay,many of these symptons become aggravated.
"I let's his cattle and let car. They have also about 250,000 from what it in the becomes
say, boys, buy The world seems strange or different was past, thought a positive
him go home now!" small trees. How is this for two men effort and life an intense burden.
They did; and when the money was who: I was informed had not The system needs soothing, toning, and building up. Something unusual is demanded.And .
moneyto here is where the great difficulty has always been to find something pure and yet positivein
counted the herdsman too weak to
was pay their help when they came its results. The late Prof Phelps of Dartmouth College realized this when he began his investigation
stand. The sudden change unnervedhim there but into the woods which resulted in the discovery of Taine's Celery Compound. He knew men and
completely. An hour later he left' they went women required something heretofore unknown to the world,and his great discovery has furnished .
on horseback for a near stage-route; put up a shanty and kept bachelor'shall It. This compound checks Paresis even after it has secured a foothold In the system.
which Taken on the approach of tho first symptoms it will positively prevent their increase. Its high
and when he left the shook and others still
rangers many are endorsements by the medical fraternity and the cure It is affecting easily account for its wonder
hands with him, cheered and looked doing. This shows what men of energy ful popularity and the unusual stir it has caused in this community.

happy.-Our Dumb. .Animals.t and ability have done and thereis .. DIAMOND DYES arc Strongest Simplest. Fastest

plenty of room for men of this class.
Thirty years' dealing the publicis

likely to give a man a name, eitner -Belleview Blade. Jlllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllillflllllill1111 111IlI11111I111111I1111111111iI!

good or bad. In the case of our old Florida is not only an orange grow. :: Not if the farmer throws it away. Not :5:

friend, James J. H. Gregory, of Mar- ,ing country and produces fine cropson I "Money 1n if he spends an hour on a row of onions -
:: which the "Planet Jr." Wheel Hoe ::
blehead, the dealings have been so the farm, but it is a stock raising
would do better in six Not if She
honorable_ that the name is a synonimof country. The idea that no good milch :I: Farming ? takes half an hour minutes to "set" his old =

integrity wherever known, and cows can be grown here is exploded. = cultivator, when he could change a S

every man, farmer or otherwise, who J. H. McKinney has at his place at :: "Planet Jr." without stopping his horse. Not if he wastes his seed in :Er :

buys seed of him knows he is getting Viola, this county, a cow that gives sowing thick, and then his time in thinning, when he might save both s

just what he pays fcr-rare enough in five gallons of milk each day. The :: with the new Hill-Dropping Drill. Money lies in raising double ::

.these days of tricks in trade. Send cow has some Jersey marks and was 5 the stuff at half the cost. It can be done. EE

for his catalogue, which is free to all, bought by Mr. McKinney three years :=: Write The for"Planet the latest-there Jr."are Catalogue new tools.costs nothing. Doing without it is expensive. 5 5

and something that is for The of milk is
$35. amount
get absolutely ago
is S. L. ALLEN & CO. 1107 Market St., Philadelphia. =
reliable. actual measure, after it strained, tryl1lilulll1i11f11l1rlllllf111111111111111i111111tllilil1 lllIIIIIIIIIlIlliiiiiiiiiiiiiiiyn

,- .". ., ,-."

., .. .-- .y ., -' ..

-. -
_. -
.' -



Tea Talk. from being mixed with weeds and dried bamboo, and the best in porce-

Our Rural 74 ome, Writing from Hongkong, Mr. Ed- shrubs, from being stained with indigo lain jars and vases.

ward Bedloe says:-When I left Philadelphia and chrome yellow, from being colored He packs in eighths and quarters ofa
I thought I was a fair judgeof with verdigris, grass juice or pound, so that if a few leaves are
Wastes of the Kitchen. tea. I had imbibed both it and chlorophyl. Every green dye knownto improperly treated or not cured, they

For Our Rural Home. the knowledge of it in large quantitiesfrom commerce has been used to producethe will not contaminate much surrounding -

Now here comes my friend Arm. George C. Boldt, John Chamberlain much admired but death dealing i tea. The Russians compress the

strong who intimates that this pounding and Delmonico. Now after having color excepting it may be Paris green. I tea into bricks, or cover it with silver-

of dough is a relic of old slavery visited Ceylon, Formosa and the As soon as the use of that poisonous foil and many paper wrappings; or

times. Some of fair readers and Amoy district I find that I knew substance will give a profit of a cent a else put it in glazed jars.

your i nothing and the three worthy gentlemen pound you can wager it will be liber- The principle is the same-the sub-
some men, too, don't know as much I named knew even less. ally used by the mercenary Mongolian division of the tea, and the prevention

about slavery times as some others. We Americans don't know the first merchant and the much more mercenary of risks attending larger packagesor

Whilst there were slaves to help the principles of making tea. The deli- cultured European tea trader. in bigger bulk, such as heating,

queen of the household who presided cate leaf should never touch metal.It I'll venture the statement that sweating and moulding.This .

home affairs with such should be kept in paper, wood, there is no fine tea in the United principle we have yet to learn
over our
glass or porcelain.To States. .What goes to our country is and apply. But, ah, the exquisite
grace and dignity, they didn't trust so make it, put a small quantity ina the cheap stuff used here by the cool- pleasure to be found in a cup of truly

much to servants as is done the present porcelain cup, fill the latter with ies and jail inmates. fine tea. The color is a delicate gold;

day, they madeTheir own biscuit, boiling water, cover it with a porcelainsaucer When an American housekeeperpays each leaf unfolds into a perfect olive

pastry, light rolls and cake, seasonedand and let it stand three minutes. $i per pound for her Oolong or oval; its fragrance fills banqueting-

Then if you desire to be an epicure, English breakfast she is buying whatis hall, delicate and yet penetrating,
stuffed their own sausages, drink only the upper layer of the golden sold here for 25 cents. No really dainty but distinguishable above all

never said making worked biscuitswas liquid, throw the rest away, rinse I good tea is sold here for less than $i other perfumes; and the flavor! The

hard word. And it is asy when the cup and begin drawing the nova. per pound by the wholesale. If laid famous Clover Club Punch pales into

you know how. Don't use sugar any more than you. down in the market at home it could dim distance in comparison to this
be sold for less than $1.75. "cup that cheers." Words cannot
I can't tell how Aunt Betsy wouldgo would sweeten Chambertin or pour not
in the kitchen and whilst the cook molasses into Mumm's Extra Dry. This $i tea is the usual article for describe the delight in a brew of fresh
clerks tradesmen and mechanics. Formosa tea. It fills the system and
preparing the breakfast mix Don't use milk! It ruins the flavorof poor
was up For the well-to-do the official makes nerve thrill with joy. It
and knead a batch of biscuit dough the tea and injures the stomach. every
without labor and she The cloudiness produced by adding class and nobility are finer pickingsthat lingers on the palate for hours.: And
seeming (
any from $ to $50 pound. "the next day think of it, 0 votariesof
little but milk to tea arises from the action of run i per ,
was a woman, )
whilst I with five times the strength nervy the tannin upon the casein, and is, The only Europeans who purchase Bacchus, the brain is clear, the
leather.An these high-priced leaves are Russiansand body all alert and the soul ready for
have to take a club to produce same chemically speaking, pure
few connoisseurs in France, the battle of life.I .
old maid who drinks a dozen cups a
results. She knew how. She never
kneaded and she likedto of this mixture a day swallows a hun Germany, Austria, Spain and Turkey. never taste the fragrant leaf with-
pounded j just
The bold Briton permits patriotismand out recalling Edna Standard's lines,
do it, fcr she liked to feed us dred pairs of boots and a section of
leather hose during her his purse to guide his palate and "With kindred souls in many a spot
extra long
children with good things. I've had good tea;from urn and Jar ..
lonely life of fifty years. Above all uses the vicious, vitroilic horror of From caddy,Cha-boi, English pot,
After doing all that I have directed, don't boil tea. The heat drives Ceylon and India. Good Uncle Sam And fiery Russian samovar, ,
things But none so fragrant or so tweet ,,
and taking all the pains you may, i off the perfume, spoils the flavor and patronizes a Cheap John, who gives As that which from thy hands to-day. -
will still not have beaten With enchanter's art replete, .
good and some "i
each $2 .
extracts the tannin, the astringent away to purchaser a cup Drove every thought of care away." -.,'
biscuit if don't have fire
you a good principle. If the boiling be done in saucer with every 25 cent pound of Tropical i l Agriculturist./!
of hard wood and stove-in
good "l
your a: tin: or iron pot the tannin attacks tea, .
baking condition. And then they the metal and makes the liquid black, The tea plant is as sensitive and RECIPES.

won't be good unless you have good this fluid is simply diluted ink. Never delicate as a West Walnut street belle.

butter and good coffee. But may be let the tea stand except in a tightly I It flourishes best on a mountain side, HASHED POTATOES.-Season one quart
have and can't make but- cold boiled with a level
you no cow where it is neither very warm nor of sliced potatoes
Standing changes
porcelain pot. of salt and one-third of a
ter. Take the money you spend for it from a delicious, wholesome bever- cool, where the soil is dry, but the teaspoonful tablespoonful ofpepper. Put a heaping
baking powder in a year and you can rains and dews are frequent, where
to an ill tasting bitter liquor. tablespoonful of butter in a frying pan
buy two good cows, and you can al- Rather make it in small quantities and the force of the wind is broken by and on the fire. When the butter is hot,

ways have sour milk, which with just make it often. Methinks I hear some adjacent woods or hills, where thereis add the potatoes, and stir and cut with a
about as much soda not more than maximum of sunlight and, according case knife until the potatoes are very
"It needs no a
good say, hot. Draw back the pan to a cooler
will hold on the poir.t of any ordinary ghost to tell us this," and yet there to the Celestials of moonlight and place and stir occasionally until the chops

pocket knife blade, will make nice are thousands who do need advice on where the surrounding ground is kept and bacon are cooked. Serve hot.

soda biscuit. this simple subject. In summer, free from weeds or other vegetable GRAHAM ROLLS.-Put into a sieve one
What you pay for one can of Royal when want to cool off quickly, growths. There are farms in Formosa cupful of Graham meal, one cupful of
Baking Powder will buy soda for a you with slice of Fo Kien and other tea districts sifted wheat flour, one tablespoonful of
hot ,
the boiling
sip tea of salt and
half teaspoonful a
year, and your two cows Will give conditions exist unchang- sugar, a
still where
previously peeled l lemon, or nicer teaspoonful and a half of baking pow
.. you two calves besides and make of orange, without the rind, floatingin ingly, whose tea crop is as famous and der. Mix: all the ingredients thoroughlyand
" half your living on milk and butter it. In winter, especially when you distinctly known in the eastern worldas then rub through the sieve. See that
and make fertilizer for an acre of or sudorific the various chateaux of France are the bran is free from bits of wood and
have cold and require a ,
trees. Your stove if a nails, and then turn it into the dish with
ange add a wineglassful of arrack to it and to the wine experts of Europe. Justas the other ingredients. Beat one egg
you only use hardwood, will make drink it down as hot as you can standit. the millionaires of Furope control light and add to it a generous half-pint

ashes enough for another acre. Thereit It brings out a profuse and healthful certain vineyards, so do the million- of milk and a tablespoonful: of molasses.
is again. Florida sends all the wayto perspiration when punch or hot aires of the Flowery Kingdom controltea Add this mixture to the dry ingredientsand
Canada for hardwood ashes, when I: plantations whose annual outputis beat vigorously for one minute.
fails thaw out. .
Scotch to
you roll-pan well butteredand
her stoves and fire places Have a
Beware of green tea! It is an abom- worth a king's ransom. the batter into it. Bake in a
make enough, if preserved, to spreadover ination and a fraud. A Chinese Another point of the many we haveto moderate pour oven for hall an hour.

many a grove, and there is coolie wouldn't give it to his pig. He learn from the Chinese, is the I Poon MAN'S PUDDING.-Wash thor-
more potash in the scrub oak of Florida dead proper mode of packing the leaf. : oughly one cupful of rice and put it in a
will give that patient porker
than wood in Canada. America is saucepan with one cupful of cold water.
any offal and That which goes to
rats, old boots and Let this heat slowly to the boiling point,
Make your husbands, supply you such unconsidered trifles, but he soon as it is "fired," burning hot, then turn off every drop of water. Put

with seasoned hardwood. Scatter draws the line at green tea. In the into.a lead lined box, the lead is sol- the rice into a pudding dish that will

the ashes around a tree as soon as first place it is simply the unripe leaf dered and the air-tight coffin is sent hold about three quarts. Add to it oneteaspoonful

taken up and you will stop another and bears the same relation to the around the globe in the hot hold of a .I of salt, two tablespoonfuls of
of cinnamon
two of molasses, one
leak. real article that the "little peach of steamer. The tea sweats and under- : sugar and one of butter, broken into little bits.
It is not from thewant of money per emerald hue" does to Delaware's deli- goes many changes which alter its I Stir this well, and add two quarts of

capita that you don't have as many cious fruit in its richest ripeness. It flavor and vitiate its quality. milk. Put the pudding in a slow oven

nice things and as much hired help as has the same effect upon the stomach The Mongolian packs the poorest and cook for three hours. Stir it well
want its' the leaks, and the two kind in packages and from the bottom three times during the
you ; and abdominal nerves as in the case strong paper hours and at the last stirring
named are not the least Stop these of poor "Johnny Jones and his sister these in turn in mortuary lead; better add a pint of cold milk. Serve this pud-

two-and you can-and others .will Sue." The green tea of commerce kinds in soft-tin paper-covered boxes; ding with sugar and milk, or perfectly

suggest themselves to you. derives its rare color from being curedor still better ones in silver-foil inside of plai .-MARIA PARLOA, in Good House;
CHAS. W. CAMPBELL SR. made of split sun- .
rather killed, on dirty copper pans, one pound cases keeplDg.TANUAUr
Campobello. -


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O G1lff OF THE STATE F11RRS fllililflliGE AND IflDUSTlpIi Uj1ION

VoL VL Agriculture; is the Basis of "Wealth/ No. 1.

TOM'SAWYER, - Staff Contributor. the matter with Florida?" And then The Monopoly of Politics. I second place, how does this program
he answered it from the record. It' The greatest monopoly in existence, I I suit you:
The World's Fair. made me want to go right out and pre or that ever has existed, in this i. The Legislature to consider only
There is a very peculicondition pare a piece of corn land to help raise such bills as come to it endorsed with
country or elsewhere, is the monopoly
of public sentiment in Florida to day. the average. To think that we aver- the sworn signatures'of one per cent.
The people have become almost wildon aged nine and seven-tenths bushels political power-of the power to of all the voters of the State who votedat
per acre all in one year Clopton; make laws.It the last previous election for State
the subject of public economy, Bros., of Escambia County, raised an is the monopoly out of which officers, the. Legislature to have no
with yet no improvement in a private average of fifty bushels on their en- grow all other: monopolies. If some power to originate bills. Surely the
way. We are all whooping about tire field, and Dr. Beecher, of Plant of the worst monopolies we endure people have the right to limit the Leg-
public expenditures when in fact the City, gathered fifty bushels and one to-day were to be destroyed immedi islature's authority, and this simple
State expenses in Florida are small to peck per acre on the ground where he ately, and still our present system of provision would limit the proposals
the verge of stinginess compared with had already raised a noble crop of government were retained, out of the which the Legislature could submit to
the cost of keeping up some other Irish potatoes. Then it does seem as monopoly of law making, possessedby the people to those endorsed by one
governments I could name. There is if the rest of us ought to crawl up a the few who at any time compose per cent. of the voters of the State-
such a thing as being"pound foolish"in little and help out the average. The Legislatures and Congress, would about 2soo-or the number of peti-
trying to be "penny wise." Now, amount of clean cash we of Florida soon grow the same old industrial tioners could be required to be two,
I submit that this State ought by all pay to the transportation lines for monopolies again, in new forms. three, five or ten per cent. of all the
means to be represented by a very : hauling to us that which we ought to'' One hundred and twenty personsin voters, as we might see fit. It wouldbe
thorough display of its products at raise, would forever place us beyondthe this State make all the statutorylaw likely that different bills on the
Chicago, yet if it were put to a vote need of a sub-treasury, and then of this State; they fix the forms of same subject would come to the Leg-
of the people I doubt if the proposition we whirl in and abuse the railroads judicial proceedure; they have the islature, and it should have the powerto
would carry, since it involves an -when if they didn't bring us the power to prevent any changes in the consolidate them if deemed advis-
outlay of money.Is corn and oats, and meat and rice, and statutory law or the Constitution, able by a majority LIe Legislators,
it not a fact that the merchantin canned goods, and so-forth, we would : save such changes as please them and the consolidated bill not to exceed in
number of words the total of words in
range of any competition must have to live on pork and potatoes or leave in their hands a practical monopoly -
advertise or perish? Then wherein starve. Oh, we are a blooming set of of the control of public affairs.A the bills from which the consolidatedone
does the State differ from the mer- people! and we are about to go to similarly small number dominatethe was made.
chant? We are in active competitionwith seed, too. TOM SAWYER. affairs of every other State. Less 2. The Legislature need not meetas
State that often as now. How often it shall
a stops at no expenseto than 500 persons, and all men, exer-
meet is a question for the people to
her and that
carry point one always The Question of Rice. cise the same control over the whole
decide. We are, in fact, getting too
rises superior to disaster. Yet we in United States affairs.
indifferent to the I will turn to the question of rice country much law-more than any one under
move along utterly
plainest rules of business. One would which, when well cooked and mixed No one knows, save themselves, stands, lawyers and judges included,
with butter is what tremendous temptations this and amount still in
that want immi- Jersey or turkey gravy, an more greatly
suppose we no more
grants, but that our precious pine much more acceptable to our people system of putting all the law making excess of public need. -
forests are to be kept as shelter for than the question of the World's Fair. power of the country into the handsof 3. If the formulation consolidatedand
attenuated razorbacks and angularcows There is no fortune in rice or any a few, subjects the few to. It is approved by the Legislature were
forever. Of one thing our other agricultural product to-day, but no wonder that there is so much cor required to have the approval of a
people may rest assured. We will it beats cotton and it is a long way ruption among them. The wonder is majority of all the voters of the Stateto
settle the question of ahead of sand-spurs in usefulness; that more of them do not yield to make them of effect, then all that
never transpor-
tation until hence it will pay our farmers all over temptation. We, the people of this would be necessary for a man to do
we get more people along
the lines. But all this is to no pur the State from Pensacola to Fort country, do ourselves discredit by re- who wanted to vote against a proposal
pose-a waste of breath, for if Floridais Myers to raise enough for kitchenuse taining a governmental system which would be to stay at home and not vote
to be represented at Chicago the and to help out the stock feed. puts such responsibility and tempta- at all. Elections'then would be less
few progessive men of the State will Florida should not import a pound of tion upon our fellows. We reap troublesome than now. Only those
have to put their hands deep down in rice and there is no county which the evil effects in the shape of monop- who wanted to vote favorably would

their pockets. Men must do this or should be compelled to call upon any olies.The have to go to the polls. When the
seek some other field of enterprise.It other county for its rice supply, but law-authorized monopolies, people got a good law it would be
will not do to sit still and say: all should raise it at home. Only a which curse this country, were made very easy for them to keep it; impos-
"Because all my neighbors will not few acres will supply the average family by the few law makers, not by the sible for any power less than a majority -
f contribute pro rata I will do nothing." It will keep indefinitely and is people. The people have no legal of all the voters to repeal it. At
As well refuse to fight a forest fire good three times a day. There is means of keeping the law makers the same time, if the Legislature sub-
which is about to reach your fence nothing more suitable for table use in from such doings; nor have they had mitted a bad proposal, it would be
and grove just because your neighborwho this warm climate. The good Lord any such means. The people can easy for the people to defeat it by
is equally exposed will not lenda intended that we should eat rice, and only petition, that is, beg, the law simply staying at home.In .
helping hand. Can we afford to be if we don't do it we have denied the makers not to do wrong. The law this way the natural conservatism
absent when the roll of States is calledat faith and are worse than the heathen makers can do as they please about of human nature would all the time be
Chicago ? Such a move as this we Chinee. TOM SAWYER. heeding, they have a perfectly legal acting in favor of the public welfare.
are trying to push forward is in the right to heed not.I Changes in the laws, instead of being
line of progress. We must be pro- There was a time in the history of tell you, fellow-citizens, we oughtto made suddenly and by wholesale, and
gressive. TOM SAWYER. this government when men sought change our political system. The for a cash consideration as now, would
office for the honor connected with it. people ought to have some direct say then be made only when rendered
... One Thing More. Then the salaries were small, and in this matter, deciding what the laws necessary by the gradual changes of
Then there is one other thing I officials were guided solely by duty, shall be. It is our system that is de- actual life. They would be born of
want, and I'll not be satisfied until I see philanthropy and honorable ambition. fective. necessity and be guided by reason,instead -
it. I want our people to be independent Then Americans were recognized for But some good friend says: "Oh, of being the offspring of boodle,
of a foreign market for their sup- their high, moral integrity. But now you can't do that. Why, if the people and brought into the world, like King
ply of corn and oats. we are a nation of placehunters.Men had to pass upon every law sub Richard, "scarce half made up."
Brother Dudley W. AdamsGodbless seek office for the money and mitted by the Legislature, we Reader, no doubt you, like myself,
the old man he tells the truth power that it gives. They use their wouldn't have time for anything else." are an American citizen, interested in
with more force and gets more abuse official power with insolence to those Hold on, now, friend. In the first the success of the American attemptto
for it than any other man in Florida ; under them, while they are ready to place we ought not to permit the introduce the principle of liberty
yet he is not afraid. On December I I become the slaves of those above l Legislature to have any such controlover more largely than ever before into the
17th, he asked the question : "What's them.-Southern Mercury. us to impose upon us. In the work of government. Ask yourself

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two questions: Is our political system cheaper than being sold in detail. Thereare to those sounds, from an old belief that

too many middle men. pscellany they foretell the approach of death. But
I perfect? Can we not (by using the
There should _be adopted a uniform the only real harm that can be chargedto
telegraph, railroad, printing press, and
the Anobium is the perforation of
size and weight in packing cotton; The Banner Orange Route.A .
other facilities for extensive and accu size would be (beneficial for foreign wood, furniture, etc., which has given
new fruit route from Florida to St.
intercommunication make it him in France the popular name of
rate ) more We should standardsize
I shipment. adopt a Paul and Minneapolis, Kansas City, "
perfect and more a popular of bale and require the press builders "Gimlet.
govern Omaha. St. Louis, Hannibal, St. Joseph, In the larval state the insect lives in
ment? I believe that we can. I to conform to the standard. We Springfield, Ill., Des Moines, and other the interior and
wood, boring through
should discard gins that knap or cut the Missouri and Nebraska ;
think that we ought to.-Rural Press. showing no signs of its presence. It is
staple. In ginning cotton, samples via the Savannah, Florida & Western;
finally converted into a chrysalis, and
should be considered before cleaning the
from Florida Ga. the
points to Jessup, ,
few weeks the insect
after a perfect
Address to the Cotton Growers. seed.
celebrated East Tennessee, Virginia
and makes its exit from the
With bankruptcystaring the cotton Classification should be regulated in Georgia Railroad; Jesup to Chattanooga, appears wood through a round hole, sometimesin

<., producer in the face, brought about by the South, and uniform, which can be the well known and reliable Cincinnati such numbers that the wood is com-

either contraction done by the united action of the cotton Southern or Queen & Crescent; Chatta- and .
over production or pletely honeycombed destroyed.The
growers and the Cotton Exchange in the nooga to Cincinnati, where the favorite characteristic ticking noise is made
caused by adopting the gold standard of
Southern States. Ohio & Mississippi takes them either to itself its
the insect
values, it becomes the duty of every Good cotton is made or injured by the St. Louis for Western points or to by hind feet, and balancing with a sort of upon seesaw

cotton grower to consider the remedy. cotton pickers, and we should regulatethe Beardstown, connecting there with the movement striking the object

Your prices of picking by the cleanliness Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroadfor upon
committee appointed to address which it is standing with the antennae
with which it is picked. The uniform St. Paul and Minneapolis: etc.
you upon this subject at the recent Cotton and forefeet. Although the regular
r fl Grower's Congress held in Atlanta, price by paying for cotton alone by the It,is a matter of fact, of course, that :,ticking noise, when heard in a sick

hundred should be abandoned, or in railroads desire all the business they can
, makes the following suggestions for your chamber at night, has a rather weird
other words clean should be roundabout and
a picker possibly get, and often
... earnest consideration. effect, it is only the call of a harmless
paid more than a trashy or dirty picker.If impracticable routes are planned and
There should be organized in every little insect, and much less to be dreaded

... cOtton growing state an association of we adopt this system, we will have suggested in order to get the longest than the peremptory hum of a hungry

the clean cotton, and save the money we haul possible, regardless of time and
cotton producers, and in each countya mosquito.Another.
sub-association to act with the Cotton now pay for trash and dirt. We must other essential qualifications which go species, the A. pertinax, receives -

Grower's Congress recently organized in pick the cotton free from all foreign to make up a successful route. In this its name from the pertinacity with

f Atlanta, according to following reso- substance.It case, however, it is quite different; the which it simulates death when captured,

lutions; is almost impossible to prevent whatis roads comprising this route are old, with and will allow itself to be plunged into

called mixed bales, for often we plant well ballasted road beds laid with heavy
"Resolved, That the president of this water, alcohol or even burned alive
convention be authorized to call this or two grades of land which produces two. steel rail, most of it being eighty pound without showing any signs of life.- .

and kinds of cotton, and we often mix cotton rail, and fully equipped with refrigerator -
a similar convention at such a time Southern Architect. _
that has never been rained on with that and fruit cars, and officered with
in his be best
place as judgment to -
may that has stood in the field and been rained railroad of shrewdness r5R
men acknowledged -
the interest of the cotton growers of the Sheep in Nassau County.
South. upon; these causes with others make and ability. One prime reason why

mixed bales and the is Mr. Chas. V. Wagner, of West
"Resolved, That the representation in packed producer these roads can and do make such remarkable -

0, this convention shall be double the blamed and taken advantage of on account time is, they are all long roads, Virginia, the "sheep man," was up

." representation that each state has in the of cause which he could not pre- so that the great distance is divided to King's Ferry last week, to see

lower house of congress; the delegatesto vent. among a few roads having long hauls, about six blooded*rams he left with
By a thorough organization of the cotton the matter of transferring and switchingis
be the of the
appointed by president
Mr. W. C. Davis. They are Shrop-
growers in the Cotton States we can regulate of vital consequence in fast freight.All .
various state agricultural societies and
.. alliances. That when delegates cannot cotton production and protect our- the lines concerned in this route are shires and Leicestershires. He found

' selves from all exactions demands 300 miles and thus are and is much
attend they shall be allowed to appoint unjust over long, them flourishing encouraged -

their own alternates. and advantages xrhich are now enabled to make a fast run, not havingto i about raising blooded sheepin

taken of us because of our disorganized stop and transfer every hundred milesor
"The convention adjourned to the call Florida. One thing is worthy of
t condition. In union and combinationwe so.

,j of We the should chairman. the various must look for protection and redemption. Another great point in their favor is note, while Mr. Davis received 255

urge upon that they avoid Chicago and St. Louis on cents for wool in Savannah this year,
cotton exchanges in the cotton states to
t formulate rules to govern the cotton We must form no entangling alliances, St..Paul and Minneapolis freight, making West Virginia wool brought only 23

trade in all its branches.We but preserve our individuality with the direct and prompt transfers at Beards- cents and last Florida wool sold
. great objects in view to increase the priceof town with the C. B. & Q., while if they year
should the Legislatures Vir-
urge upon cotton, to regulate production to the went via either Chicago or St. Louis, for 27 to 2954 cents, while West
of the Southern States to enact a lawrequiring
, it\ all transportation companies want of consumption, to advance the much valuable time would be lost in ginia wool sold for only 25 cents.

;:::. not to receive bale of cotton that is personal, moral educational add finan- transferring, switching and getting The News has always entertained the

any cial welfare of the cotton and to these cities where fre-
I c: not well packed and fully covered. growers through very opinion that the further South sheep-
relieve them of the of debt and blockades interfere
bondage quently freight
The planters should require the factors the more hairy arid less valuablethe
poverty they are now slaves to. By organization with quick tram I rs. It is claimed by
to take better care of the cotton
and union, and harmony in the Chicago & Milwaukee, and others, wool became, while contendingthat
to them.
consigned In reducing the we should lour council, we can control our affairs, that fruit routed this way will arrive in the smaller expense of sheep

acreage advance interest and St. Paul and elsewhere from two to three
consider the requirement of the world our protect our- raising more than made up the differ-

selves. Let organization be the watch- days earlier than via the big cities. but these would indicate
for American cotton and conform our ance figures
word of the cotton and in union This of is item ;
grower course, a big as a delay
production to the wants of the is in
t consumer. that the News happily error as
there is and of hours fruitsometimes
strength twenty-four in perishable
It is mistaken idea that
by reducing
a values and better face
JAMES BARRETT.Georgia. ) means a loss of thousands of to puts a on
the below the of the
crop consumption D. L. BROWN, -Alabama. v Com. :.dollars. The writer had the pleasure of sheep .raising in Florida than even
world that increase the
we can price,
A. SLIGHT South Carolina. ) President Barnard and General
when such a course would check con- meeting the News would claim for it.
D. P. DUNCAN President. Duncan of the
sumption and stimulate the culture of Freight Agent Chicago Mr.\ Davis has just received 3,000
JAMES BARRETT, Secretary. & Milwaukee, and also the Chicago,
cotton in other countries and
r; bring Burlington & Quincy officials, and they pounds of barbed wire fencing, with

:.. about an equilibrium of prices. There- all stated that they were going to make which he intends to fence in nearly a
fore we should endeavor to regulate by It will be strange if the unfortunate
the reduction the every effort to push through perishable mile of pasturage for his sheep.If .
in acreage production results of the recent wind-storm, in freight in faster time than ever before
: has the stock
of cotton to the actual consumption of a man means to up
sections where it has been known. and it is a fact that on some
always so por-
the world in other words would with several hundred head of
; or we sheep,
claimed that "don'thave tions of this route, notably the E. T., V.
; as much per pound for a 7,750,000 persistently they idea is that it will him to
bale & G. fast freight trains have a scheduleof our pay put
! crop as with a 7,000,000 bale crop; winds like they do at Riverside,
.. over thirty miles per hour and the on guard a shepherd boy, armed witha
and when consider the
we average yieldof orchardists with the
: do not impress
right-of-way over trains. The
passenger rifle other "varmints'
to dogs -
destroy or
cotton acre is 179 pounds we can
per value of a good windbreak. We have time made on watermelon trains last sea- *
in some measure regulate the produc- that may attack the flock, and
this road remarkable and
; tion; but at all times we must consider for years urged its advantages, and son over satisfied take advantage of the unlimited free
unrivaled and they are not ,
gyp the effects of the the while admitting the objections yet
season upon crops, pre- but are ;arranging faster schedules con- range the country affords. And the
which is beyond our control. As a sented, know they are more than We certainly glad to
t small stantly. are see enrichment of the farm land by the
general thing large crops balanced by the gain when an emer- railroads taking such an interest in fruit of the
and vice In the intensive nightly penning sheep might
ones, versa.
like that of last week arrives. and vegetable traffic, and believe that
system we should regulate the production gency be enough gain to pay for the hiringof
those roads showing appreciation
in the same ratio as the non-inten- It is true that it is only once in four or shepherd.
should have the preference over their a
sive system, always keeping before the five years that Southern California and smaller
slower and indifferent competitors, Of course, those of resources -

I consumption of the world, that is, to suffers from a storm of such severity, we urge shippers to at once thoroughlytry cannot aspire so high, .and
regulate our production to meet that
_, but when one does come a row of tall the above outlined route, knowing for those who but dozen
consumption without creating a surplus; can buy a or
absolutely these roads will exert them-
I : if can do this we will receive eucalyptus trees along the north side with the enclosed
we remunerative selves and be sure to please them and so to start pasturage -

:r:: prices for our cotton. of a ten-acre tract will have the effectto deserve further favors from shippers.- will be the cheapest plan. But

I Wherever practicable the cotton raiser so modify the wind's force as to
Chicago Produce Trade Reporter. there is room for profit in both
should sell direct to the Southern mills
deprive it of all serious harm. Thereare t
and the News would
: as the grower would save commission, urge

: ". freight, drayage, insurance, loss in doubtless many orchards between The Death Watch. the Nassau. County farmers to investin

weight, and last but not least, extravagant Azuza and Pasadena upon which nota The little insect is the Anobium tassel- sheep, little or muchly, as suits

sampling. The Southern mills tenth of the injury would have been atum, commonly known as the "Death
their means.-Fernandina News.
t Watch "from the ticking sound which it
would freight and excessive :
< samp the had
done recent storm they
by its .
ling. makes when calling to mate. Super-

L vve should endeavor to have the cot- been properly protected.-Riverside I stitious persons oftentimes give themselves Hereford's Acid Phosphate.

",tpn sold in bulk,_as it can be done Press. needless uneasiness when listening Relieves Indigestion. ,Dygpepgia,etc.




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j i advisable to make the beds near good paniments of wealth. But the trouble confirms the idea thus set forth.

....' lobacco: supply of water in order that they i has been, and still is in too many cases, Room f..-r the root and room for the

may be copiously sprinkled in the cus- I that people come here expecting to top; air and sunshine must be granted

Wrapper Leaf Culture-No. 3. tomary spring drouth. find certain ideals realized, and not so entrance.
!Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: HENRY J. FENTON, finding them instead of going to work Years ago I advocated a peck of

It is important that the Florida Tobacco Agent F. C. & P. R. R. and carrying out such ideals by their wheat as a proper seeding for an acre

planter should keep clearly in mind Quincy Fla. own efforts, become discouraged, and of good wheat land, and I know of no
either go back cursing Florida, or stay better allotment to-day. I have
the value of Cuban seed. The
true The here in a state of perpetual discontent, grown turnips by the thousands of
seed from the celebrated coast region Fapm. blaming Florida for their own short- bushels for feeding and found five

known as Vuelta Abajo (speak, Vwd- comings, and trying to discourage any ounces of seed to be a full supply fora

tah Ab-0//-ho), the first year it is Deep Plowing: and Fertilizer Essen- new-comer who may have time to large crop, while the books call for

planted in Florida, produces plants tial to Success. listen to them. Gw RIVERS, sixteen ounces. It is true you can
Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower:
t thin out and so you can cut down
..... with leaves too small for wrappers and Last winter I in half
an acre
+ put What, How and When to Plant. each alternate row of fruit trees before
n not-.yielding bulk enough to be profitable of rustproof oats, broadcast, on good Editor Alliance Department: the orchard or grove is quite grown,

t. for fillers.. ._ The first year, there pine land. I got a good stand, but I If we keep a horse or a work ani but how often is this done? Not-half
fore,-we grow it simply to acclimateit. never gathered the trope The oats I mal or more than one; if we keep the time. "

The second year from Cuba it averaged eight feet-I mean inches-, any cattle, sheep or swine, it is most When to plant is next in order..
.produces a valuable crop. The third high, and some of the stalks bore two fit for us to grow some corn and some No one need consult the stage of the

years' crop is less valuable, on account whole oats apiece.. oats, even though we could buy the moon or when Sirus is in such a line ,
rfof the size and coarseness of the I have tried other things besidesoats. same at as low a rate as it would cost with Mars.It .

plants, though it is still available; but I started to raise a corn crop us to grow them. By growing all is better to plant following a

it,:should not be allowed to go to seed, last spring, and put in one five acre !such crops as are used on the place, rain than to strive to get in plantsor
for the fourth year's crop would be field, and four acres in another place. it distributes labor more evenly seed just before a rain.It .
"too'coarse for profit.It On the four acres I made about 200
the it leaves the is better
through year; upon to plant or sow at even-
is useless for us to try to change bundles of short fodder and two bar- farm the whole growth of the crop, ing than early in the day. It is better
the laws of nature in this matter. TheConnecticut rels of nubbins. The five acre patch ,
the stalks and foliage and root as wellas to wait until the ground is mildlywarm
valley produces a very didn't even make nubbins. Of courseI seed, thus aiding somewhat, to up for seeds, but trees and plants'
fine and silky leaf, which has even used no fertilizer. I imagined then
build fertility. can be set with greater advantage
been carried to Cuba for wrappers, in that fertilizer only paid on that
one-fourth of the cotton when the earth is yet quite cold.
preference to Vuelta Abajo, but it is sold for good prices, but I have cometo Suppose Fruit trees should be planted late
should their hand at raising -
flavorless. growers try .
comparatively Connecticutseed the conclusion that while time is
in the autumn about November.
wool instead of cotton. A brother ,
carried to Cuba becomes acclimated convertible into it will not
money, pay Seeds be in in
sown January
Allianceman tells me that he finds may ,
in a few years, the leaf acquir. man to in his time plantingany
any put in in October and in
April July
and wool him fairly well- ,
flavor it sheep pay ,
ing as its fineness; while whatever in our light soils
crop about month between as their
about each for the size of every ;
Cuba seed carried per year
to Connecticut soon without supporting it with fertilizer, '
season come passing by.
his flock.I proper may
becomes changed, producing a flavor- either home made or boughten. If he sober conviction I believe
Upon a
Jess but silken leaf. fertilizes he lose his from hold that three out of four farmers I
may crop that it is wise to plant or sow some-
It is well to select two locations (oreedbeds some cause, but if he does not fertilizehe will find it to pay better to grow thing month in the ,

-. if possible; one on low, : will lose his time and crop too. several market crops than one, as is every A.. F.year.BOYCE. j

damp land, the other on a high but Talking of corn crops, I have hadit quite too often the case.. ;J

rich upland. Thus in a severe drouth dinned in my ears ever since I came By such a larger variety of crops The Okcechobee dredge, Capt. J. ;

.. _'. : the bed on the low ground will furnish here, that if I plowed deep I wouldnot the; grower becomes more assured of F. Menge in charge, is now about one- 1"
plants; while if flooding rains should make corn. The Cracker's little good weather for a portion at least. and-a-half miles to the south of the ,.

:fall the upland beds will escape drown- pony plow barely skims the surface, Droughts or excessive rains come lake, and the water is running so swift
iing. It is advisable to sow a liberal and I never could understand how only at certain parts of the year andat into the everglades that the dredgehas

allowance of space, even two or three they could plow under vegetation, other parts good weather is sure toprevail. to be anchored to keep it from

times more than may seem necessary, I when they didn't turn up enough dirt .. going south.. The water in the great
for some plants will be strong and to cover a healthy sand-spur. Some.. Let ua take two cases for an illus lake is falling perceptibly and there is i

stocky and will go right along when times they make a cane crop, and tration. No.. i plants say seven lines no doubt but that the Caloosahatcheewill

transplanted, while others in the same sometimes they don't, especially the of market crops.. No. z= plants one be kept free from overflow in the
bed will be weak and really not worth latter, but however they,may differon line only-no matter what that maybe future.-Fort. Myers: Press.
the setting. It is a mistake not other the natives cotton or tobacco
great points, are unarrimous oranges'or One of the wonders of
to have an abundance of vigorous in their disapproval of deep peas, corn or oats, rice or cane.. No. vegetable life can be found on the'

plants from which to select. A weak plowing, and they have talked a good :i plants both early in the season and Capt. W. H.. Moore's place, on the
spindling plant is a poor piece of many new settlers into the same later on, while No. 2 plants all at one north end of Hypoluxo Island, just
property and it will be difficult to notion. time and commonly in a hasteto get
opposite Lotus Cove. There has
make it grow and yield any profit. But the best corn crops made in in all he wants to in the shortest possible been growing, flowering: and fruit

For January and February planting this section, so far as I have heard, time. a monster specimen of the Night-
let the beds have a gentle slope to the are made by Mr. Irving Keck who No.. i is occupied more continuously ing
blooming cereus (trills tn'angutan't,
south if convenient it will that the and is engaged in gatheringsome
; give the plows very deep. He claims Willibusquc Moorei) for ten years. It
plants the benefit of the sunshine. secret of a good corn crop is a heavy crop during a range of nearly has taken possession of and crushed

To destroy weed and grass seeds, a.hot growth of cockle-burrs turned under the whole year. the life out ot, with its spiny embrace,
\. fire should be burned over the every fall, as deep as a 14-inch plowcan Bad weather at a few times of the a large mastic tree, in the branches of

!;;eed-bed a day or two before the seedis sink them, with constant cultivation year does not mar his prospects or which there is a mass of the plant cal-
sown. Lay'down poles of some from the time the plants break crop results one-half as much as it culated to weigh at least one ton.

size to keep the fire off the ground, cover till too high to see over. dies No. 2. If some crop is low in The fruit. resembles the prickly pear,

then lay smaller poles across these to- I heartily agree with Major Campbell price, some other is pretty sure to sell bas a rough pink skin, and the pulpis

.. gether with dry trash, and keep the in his estimate of Florida; not, for a good paying price. What to white, with black seeds and has a.
fire burning until all the wood is re- perhaps, as she is in the abstract, butas plant will be largely governed by the sub acid strawberry flavor. When it

educed to ashes. The bed should be she can be made, by energy and soil, by the local demand or market is in full bloom, covered with hun-

spaded up'four: or six inches deep and grit. I have not been here so longas by the experience or courage of the dreds of,its creamy white flowers, it
.all roots and sticks removed. Let it he has, but every day, almost, I farmer, by the prevailing prices, etc. is indeed a gorgeous floral specimen.
the ashes find some new charm which I might No man can well instruct another
snow be raked to incorporate A cutting planted on the writer's place
if enthusiasmwas what it is most fit for him to plant.
with the soil, to the depth of an inchor grow enthusiastic over, just flowered in seven months but is of
one of my characteristics. I don't How to plant is a matter that some
This burning IS especially slow growth.-Juno. Sun.
so. seeds and insect think that there is a superabundanceof old farmers and orchidists have never .
to destroy -----* ----
necessary the surface.. opportunities to acquire fortunesby yet well understood. Brother Dudley If out of order,use BEECHAMCOMMERCIALCOUEGEOFKENTUCKYUNIYERSITT' PILLS.
germs near tablespoonful of seed to each sudden strikes, but I know of no I \'. Adams has recently said that in -- -, -. -- --
Sow a
rod. To insure an even distribution place where a man with a "red, planting out orange trees thirty-three .
square the seed is very fine, mix fighting liver," can so surely obtain a feet each' way is full close enough.. LEXINGTON, iT.IIighal .
as and surround himself Now, here is solid advice to every l card*t World'Exposition.
meal and ,
competency .
it thoroughly with ashes or [j Boot-teepia g,BuiiocM,Sb rt-k ai.Tr p*
Use caution not to with all or most of those luxuries man just, preparing to plant ,a grove; ,, ---- Wriun j and Telecr pbUakt.. 1000 SwC -.
II BasloeM.
rake in lightly. '' teaetaro. 10000 Urtolattei la feyintfo*
get the seed too thick. It is always which in other climates are the accora. my own experience In, other fruits M4TM&W1LBUK; K. SMITH, 1"rel'" .I..uIapa.. XI'

f .. >" '

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white satin; is she not royal. Near her I last remnant of their wild nature endeavoring If a sod the earth is hollowed out justa
C a.fdeIl and Lawn. is Marechal Niel in his suit of golden to reassert itself. little and the corners filled up even;

......-..-..-.... yellow; Vick'e Caprice in his satiny Already the plumage begins to I I if loam it is packed well into the
A Florida Garden. pink distinctly striped with carmine; show those brilliant bronzy hues which :i corners, and the centre slightly hol-

You want to see my flowers? Well, odd you say, yes, but I love Caprice. I give them their distinctive title. This : lowed. Many people make the nests
out with and take See that modest one, that is the Bride, brilliant coloring of the bronze turkey II: too dishing, which causes the eggs to
come me we will
a near her Mad. Chas. Wood; over is especially rich on the breast, the crowd together towards the centre, and
look. First,_see this Hibiscus; is it yonder stands Lamarque cut back to wing coverts, and the graceful curve I i increases the liability of breaking

not pretty, covered as it is with its keep in bush form; here is Papa Gon- of the neck as it expands into the I some. Many people put too much

rose colored blossoms? This is the tier, and this beauty is Sunset, lovely, I body. The plumage on the back material into the nest. A little is

night-blooming Jasmineall closed now, oh! are they not? You see them all, being dark brown, almost black, exquisitely much better than a great deal, sincea
I can't name 117 bushes; and when I I shaded with bronze, each great mass of material makes .the
This when
you see. evening they feel tired and cross here is where I i I feather ending with a narrow black! nest too elastic and frequently un
open the air will be intoxicating with come. Had we not better go in now? band. The tail is nearly black, each even. Chopped straw is excellentnest

their fragrance. The Grand Duke You must go. ""ell,come again, and feather being penciled with golden material, and fine hay, such as

Jasmine next to it, you cannot count will take you to see my Cacti garden, brown, finished with a broad black June grass makes when cut quite
the buds you say, welt it loves tohjoprn. and the rest of my flowers, for this i is I band I ringed with dull white; thoughin early, is excellent. If coarser hay is
1 This handsome _shrub IGonft not all, oh no, indeed.-Ma) flower. some very popular strains the tail used it should be chopped. Threeor
:know the name of ; it is a great feathers are mottled or speckled with four China eggs are put in each.-
bloomer; see what a bright scarlet its : brown instead of barred. The plum Farm and Poultry.
blooms are, and the leaves, are they -.v Poultry age of the hen is not so brilliant as; ..
not pretty? The growth seems to ..... that of the male, but she far surpasses IF YOUIS HACK ACSrS.fur
young Or all worn out,really good nothing
Edited by E. W. AMSDEN, Ormond, Fla. you
be an olive green tinged with red, him in beauty and symmetry in corm,, ,it Is general debility. Try ,
while the older leaves are a light green Turkeys and Their Habits. having a long, compact, trim body, abroad will RKOWX'S cure you,cleanse IltOX your JS1 liver TTERS.It and. giT.
with a little of; the olive and red. Young turkeys do not require a breast, slender neck, and well- a good appetite.SelfPurification .
This Spirea Reevesii; in the spring the great deal of heat; they thrive best in shaped head, covered with rich red --_._-
of Rivers.
blooms completely cover the branches. temperate weather when the morningsare wattles. In disposition the hens are
There are only a few of its pretty cool and the days are bright.,and remarkably gentle, docile, and exceed- The sewerage of Munich, with 280-,
white blossoms on it now, you see. sunny, as in the latter part of spring ingly prolific. 000 inhabitants, is found by Prof. von
Just look at that Salvia Splendens.Did before the dry heat of summer begins]; Bronze turkeys do not reach matu- Pettenkofer to pollute the Iser to the
you ever see anything bloom like and while they do not require any rity until two or three years of age extent of only six parts in 1,000,000. .
that ? Yes, there is another Grand extra dainties set before them every when an ordinary mail weighs from This pollution is invisible a glass of

Duke Jasmine, can't have too many; two hours, yet they do need a good thirty-five to forty pounds, and a female water, and eventhistfisappears: entirelyfive
miles below the
The inves-
this one is the Cape Jasmine, is it not wholesome meal of well cooked food from twenty to twenty-six pounds, city.
lovely? Here is Clerodendon Fra- t"",ree times a day. After they are old though when fattened their weight tigator is convinced that this self purl
fication of rivers is the effect of
grans, with its pure white and exquis- enough to go out in the fields in the may easily exceed these figures. oxygen
itely scented flowers. What is it morning and remain there all day, When six months old, without being partly dissolved in or absorbed by
smells so sweet? Why just come two meals will keep them in a state of pushed, the hens weigh from fifteen the water and partly produced by
'round these Oleander trees; see,there! vigorous growth and accelerate their to: sixteen pounds, and the males from water plants, and that the great quantity .
of low in
is that not beautiful, that Halleana best development. nineteen to twenty pounds. vegetable organism water
Honeysuckle? See this Crape Myrtle, It is pleasanter to feed turkeys than My flock now is really ornamental; plays a great part in the purifying

see what great clusters of delicately chickens; they know when they have the turkeys are ninety in number, and process.
fringed flowers,' and what a pretty got enough and can be satisfied with a all so healthy and handsome. In the
shade of pink. Walk past this pink reasonable amount, that is, all except morning we give them a light break- 4 WORTH A GUINEA.A BOS."

Oleander and this great Live Oak, now the old gobbler-he never stops eatingas fast, and send them off to the fieldsto i illrest
see that Hibiscus. Grand, you say; long as there is anything in sight.It glean the last remnant of buck- :
yes, I think so too, such a rich crim is very interesting to watch the wheat and to spend the day hunting
son and is in bloom the year round. different stages of a flock of healthy insects. About four o'clock they
Just see my Solanum Jasminoides that young turkeys. At first they are : start homeward, taking the orcharden
came from the Floral Park greenhouse; such gentle little things, fond of sitting route, and pausing to lunch on I -- r

over there opposite is the Manettia still in a snug warm place; then the the fallen apples. When the yard 'i.-----: -

,Vine, they are such pretty compan- proud mother begins to lead them fence is gained they raise their wings What destruction attends the sudden
ions. See this clump of Cannas; about over the yard, zealously guarding and fly to their feeding ground, for bursting forth of pent up waters. What a
what makes them ? I them from conceivable they are as glad to get home as chil wrecking of'health follows in the track of the
grow Why, every ring torrent of a fever, which might be
1 feed them we 1, they like moistureand danger; a little later she takes them dren let lose from school, and bring averted by a regular use ofBEECHAM'S

rich soil. See that Caladium Es- off to a grass lot or orchard near by, with them quite as fine appetites.-A !
j culentum near those Oaks, it is about and keeps them there all day. When FAR IER'S DAUGHTER, in Country t
, six feet tall, the leaves are two feet two or three weeks old, several broods Gentleman. DIE L S In keeping the Blood C t{
I Cool the liver In good |
long; not far from it you see is Hydrangea near the same age often decide to working order, and in preventing Sick j
Setting the Hens. Headuche, Weak Stomach Impaired ,} .
Hortensis. Here and their mothers by
at our rightare together,
go I Dige.tlonetc. Of all dru-ltS.::; :; :25c. .1 I;
the bulbs, Amaryllis, Pancratium, sharing their family cares and responsibilities It is quite an art to set a hen so that box. New York Depot._* (an1: St. fiOOISIPTIONI
Tuberose, Gladiolas, etc. Now turn with each other seem to feel all the circumstances shall favor, and
down this path past this wax Myrtle, much less anxiety concerning their much of the success or failure of the
here are more shrubs, another Clero- offspring. When September comes, hatch depends upon our study of conditions -
I dendron Fragrans; that large one is a however, all the different broods get and making them favorable. I have a positive remedy for the above disease;by its
Rhododendron, this with its pretty together and afterwards go in one big The nest box itself is a study. We use thousands of cases of the worst kind and of longstanding
I hare been cured. Indeed strong In my faith
green glossy leaves is Murraya Exotica drove. At this time my turkeys get believe that the sitting box should be in its efficacy that I will)send TWO BOTTLES FREE,emit
a rare India plant of the Citrus very lazy (like half-grown boys and exactly like the laying box, so that a VALUABLE who win.en.TREATISE)me their Express on this and disease P.O.to address.any sufferer -

; tribe, it has white blooms, most exquisitely girls), and conclude to stay at home no element of strangeness shall disturb T. .\. Slocum, HI. C., 183 Tcnrl !St.' N. Y.
f scented; was given me by and be fed, instead of roaming the biddy's fickle fancy. Retirement, or -- -
our florist at Manatee. Here are fields over in search of the late brown semi-seclusion, is favorable for both HATCH CHICKENS BY STEAM}

more Hibiscus, double red, and thereis grasshoppers and all sorts of seeds laying and sitting, so our box is enclosed EXCELSIOR I INCUBATOR!
a' variegated one, near it a double from wild plants and weeds. They at top, ends and back side, the WILL DO IT.
orange colored one; is not that white also develop a spirit of inquiry, and if front being two-thirds open. Simple Ixjwest-prleed,Perfect FlrsjUcloaa,' Hatcher Self ltegalating.y made..
one beautiful ? Behind you is Plum- their breakfast is a little late, they are This box is about 12 or 14 inches

bago Capensis, and over there climb- apt to improve the shining morning I long and high, and ten inches deep.
ing that trellis is the Coral Honey- hours by flying upon the house around A common soap box, of the old-fash y

suckle. Now we will go behind this about, and investigating the chimneytops ,ioned kind, which contains 30 bars Y..
shrubbery and look at the roses-Oh! much to my father's disgust. ; of zl/2 pounds each, we have found t 4

shut your eyes, hold your breath as Again they seem to have "wander excellent, and probably 50 of our 'rho1 &Ddaf.nne-
j the children say-here is fairyland, ing minds," and go round and visit boxes are of that make. Set back to 1 re..rulolJeraUoD.Guaranteed. to hatch..| s!o

\ Roses pink, white, yellow and crimson all my neighbors, or they take flying the light it is snug and retired, and I I of a larger fertile eggs percentage:at UMI "..
; look upon that trellis, see that spells and call loudly to each other as invites by its seclusion. It is our I cod than any other Incubator.
I Send 60.for Inns .
.! saucy James Sprunt laughing at us, if discussing the feasibility of migrat- practice to put about three inches of t aLeatH.ad '
near him is the Queen in her dress of ing. This, so my father says, is the loam or an inverted sod in the bottom

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-__ ._ n_. _. .. .. ..__.. _., ,_ .. ____



BARTER COLUMN. I Notice of Incorporation.Notice .
? 'f.&ROWEA is hereby given that the undersigned

Definite exchange offers inserted free. State al persons have formed a' corporation under the
t RMERtf R IARMERSAWANCt general incorporation law of the State of Florida. We have some of the finest Frost; Proof lake
what have and what want.
you you J k.hL.tnM.t-t The name of this incorporation shall be "FloridaCar front properties the whole State.
. Open to subscribers only. 1\ CONSOUDATtD aavuut>.uu I and Manufacturing Company" Its princi- Phosphate lands garden and truck lands, nursery
pal places busines shall be at Jacksonville and stock and general supplies for the plantation
SEED and Sweet Pomegranates to I Green Cove Springs. The general nature of the or grove. Can locate a few choice homesteads.
PURPLE for Niagara grape vines or sweet CHAS. W. DACOSTA, Publisher. business to be transacted is the manufacturing,
orange seedlings. D. I,. PIERSON, Monticello, purchase, sale and leasing of railroad cars AulHirmlule Fla.
Florida. coaches rolling stock and railroad equipment of
Terms of Subscription: every description; the conducting of a general

For one year................. ........... $2 00 lumber and milling busines.and the general busi
"CENT-A-WORD" COLUMN.To : ness of manufacturing and repairing wagons,

For six months __.., .. ... .,.... ......._... 1 00 carriages, vehicles, tools, and wood and iron
work of description including the THE SOWER
insure insertion in this column advertise every powerto HAS
ments must be the Subscriptions in all cases cash In ad- hold, buy, mortgage or otherwise convey real No SECOND CHANCE.
accompanied by money. and of all kinds
personal property, ship building ,
Advertisements must not exceed fifty words. Good erne are mate th. mo t of the flrttj
Postage received in vance. including repairs,also housebuilding of all kinds,

Count Stamps every word,including payment.name and address Kates of Advertising On application. including repairs. The amount of capital !stock
-, authorized is one hundred and fifty thcusind
REMITTANCE should be made by Check, ((1150,000))dollars.divided into fifteen hundredisco( )
WEED SEED-Perfectly clean and shares, of one hundred($100)dollars each. Li hty
BEGGAR free from chaff; sow 6 to 8 pounds Postal Note, Money Order, or Registered Let- thousand ($Soooo, )dollars in the par value of said SEEDS

per acre,broadcast and harrow; supply limited; ter, to order of stock shall be payable in the following property, _
price per pound, any quantity, 25C., or by mail to-wit: The present established business and goodwill hare made and kept Ferry's Seed Business
35C. Send cash with order to EXCELSIOR SEED FLORIDA DISPATCH AND FARMER of J. G. and M. C. Blain, Trustees, at Green the largest in the world-Merit Tells.
FARM, Kenka, Putnam Co., Fla. i-7-tf Cove Springs, Fla., as manufacturers of cars,
AND FRUIT GROWER rolling stock and other articles, including the Ferry's Seed Annual for 1892

SALE-Fine, healthy LeConte trees machinery, buildings, tools, plant, stock, con-
FOR pear Jacksonville, Fla. tells the whole Seed story-Sent free for the
tracts, leases, choses in action, and all other chat-
spring planting also
; peach pecan, asking. Don't sow Seeds till you get It.
tels and assets of said trustees now invested or
etc D. 1,. PIERSON, Monticello, Fla. 1-7-41
NOTION OF INSOLVENCY. engaged in said business,the valuation of which D.M.FERRY.Detroit.MIch,

SALE--Rose, Azure, and Blue Zanzibar said property is fixed by the incorporators at P.O. Box 1071,
FOR lily plants and seeds. Plants,500.each, eighty thousand ($80,000)) dollars. The balance of
Seeds 250. per package. W. E. PALMER, Lake IN COUNTY JUDGE'S COURT, j said capital stock is to be paid in in cash in response -
Como, Fla. I-7-4t DUVAL COUNTY, FLORIDA.j to such calls as may be made from time to
time by the direction of the corporation. The
SALE-A lot of Tardiff \WHEREAS, Chas. W. DaCosta, administrator highest amount of indebtedness or liability to aciGti T/I
FOR special orange trees, of Geo. C. Goodrich deceased,
which the time
to five feet, % to I#-inch stocks; grape late of the county aforesaid, having filed in the corporation can any subject C 0ln
itself is three hundred and fifty thousand($350,000)dollars
fruit and sour orange roots. Strictly handsomeand office of the County Judge of said county a writ- b 0
exclusive of its stock. The
capital com-
thrifty Address A. L. DUNCAN, Milwaukee ten suggestion of the insolvency of said estate, m
shall its existence at the time offiling
.Nurseries, Dunnedin,Fla. i-73t notice is hereby given to all persons having claimsof pany commence g lo n
with the Secretary of State, of the State of +
any nature whatever against said estate, to file Florida and the clerks of and 2
1'OK. SALE-One second hand WashingtonHand the authenticated in the office of county Duyal Clay
same, duly )
counties Florida of these articles and its
Press for sale cheap at this office of said before the 8th copies ; .
Judge county on or
Write for particular .-- Count at which time there will existence shal' terminate in ninety-nine((99)years rd X92
April, A. D., 1892, thereafter, unless lawfully extended. The busi- z
be a rata payment to creditors entitled thereto LJa
the shall be conducted
ness of by a
SA.LE-soo Tardiff treesi to 2-Inch stocks and the administrator discharged.
FOR J4 board of three directors who shall be elected at
fine as it is possible to grow them. 500 Witness; my name as County Judge of said the annual meeting of the stockholders, which ,
Cardiff trees, i# to I#.inch stocks veryfine trees. county, this 28th day of September, A. D., 1891.W.B.OWEN shall be held at such time as the by-laws may

''trees.-500 Tangerines, Ito I3 inch stocks; are fine provide. The undersigned shall compose its first
10-I-6m County Judge. board of directors who shall until their
erve 5a
500 Niagara vines of ti
my own growing, finer elected. Mpg ao
------*- -------- successors are
wines than
I ever saw. Write for catalogue and
manual. JAMES MOTT. Orlando, Fla. 12-31-41 Notice of Incorporation.Notice JOHN M. C. BLAIN, = A

FOR SALE-Sweet cassava seed stalks, $7 per is hereby given that the undersigned 1-7-51 GEO. G. GLEASOX, azn m w U

;Z.feet on board the cars. CHAS. F.l\IAY. persons have formed a corporation onder the
:EustisFla.. 12-31-21 general incorporation law of the State of Florida.

The name of this corporation shall be "Sprague. Jat--- + FAVORITE SINGER. c N C .
TO LET-A furnished cottage entire or en Duncan & Hutchinson, Limited." Its principal -W"' NEW HIGH ARM. -I Kn
ulte. Healthfullocatlon,nearstation.school, place of business, in Florida, shall be in Jr.'tkson.vil1e .
In cut with fall
church, etc. Address BARLOW, Huntington, Fla. DUftl county Florida. It shan also haTe Style as shown ,
} attachments ecif-set ting nee"
1231.4tTOR places of business in Sew York City and elsewhere -
in the United States and" abroad. The J 8 and threading shuttle. SEEDS
SAM$-Jersey bull, full blood, gentle and general nature of the business to be transactedis You can get WEW machines OWLT'of flfMlVLGARDEH AWAY
1. kind, 2 years-past,worth $too; will take $50; consulting electrical engineering; the promotion manufacturers. Save Canvas .
1 have two. Orange trees Bronze turkeys 2 copstruction, management, purchase,sale, eera Commissions of 925. Sent OB
Langshan! chickens,eggs. W. IL MANN, Mann- etc., of electrical undertaking and securities of trial. Warranted 5 years.
vile, Putnam Co.,Fla n-I7.3t all kinds, and such other business as may be incidental C3-GTCUTIYE ttWlKfl KttHIIE CO.. aS

SALE A-fine orange grove.. For particu- thereto. The amount of the capital ... r7.pay TntglA. Philadelphia,P r
FOR is in shares of $ios
apply F. REHBEIIN, lutertachen, Putnam stock authorized 150,000 500
and conditions which it h
Co., Fla. 12-24-61 each. The term upon /
is to be paid in shall be upon.call of the directors. G /

SALE-choice Shell Pecans for This corporation shall commence at once, and I
FOR Paper terminate on the i st day of May, A. D. 1925. The I
I have 50 to 100 Ibs. at soc. per lb.V..
business of the shall conducted by a
.HOURS Fla. company A SCHOOiLFitting
board of four directors, who shall be elected at 1
the annual meeting the stockholders which
SALE-Registered Jersey Bull, ten months
shall be held at such time as the by-laws may ,
1 old. Niobe, Stoke I'ogis St. Lambert stock I
provide. The highest amount of indebtedness to young.mezz for the active dutiesnof life.
close up. Price thirty-five dollars. JOHN BRAD- which the corporation can at any time subject Chartered by Legislature: of Virginia, and ; I-
FORD, Bradfordville, Leon Co., Fla. 1224.2troaR Itself is one million dollars. The undersigned endorsed by the Chamber of Commerce, Council, 'qit

shall compose its first Boardof Directors who and'prominent citizens of the city wherelocated.For .
SALE-Choice budded orange trees, must shall serve until their successors are elected. catalogue;circulaT9-andtestimonials>addres3- /
: f "besold-to make room; Satsuma, Pineapple FRANK J. SPRAGUE, GfDUNSOTOREr:: President,Stauntonr
and Homosasa.! 'respondence solicited. Price, LoUIS DVNCAN, As /
25C. T. D. WILLIAMS, Secretary Waldo, Fla. ALFRED BrsHor MASON,

"POR SALE-Handsome branched Kieffer'peartrees 12-17-51 SALE-4.000 Grape Fruit trees four years -= /i
f three years old, some bearing. Address FOR with extra large roots. In fine conditionto

J. II. GIRARDEAU, Monticllo, Fla. W. LINTON, Greenville* Madison county, set out in grove form H. GRISUOLD, Winter
I2-IO-6t Park, Fla. 12-31-21
,. wants a rice planter and family. it
17ORLECONTE.. 1,2. 3and4-YnAR.OLDKIUF.


.. have always had pleasant dealings the A rood Home Gar-
we j very tether I Perfect Vegetables are delxsaeiVs. (
.., persimmon,choice kinds, Loquat,Satsuma r1o s public, and myself and 1.again have the ot den is a oom&rt and pleasure. This JUG can bare if yon
; Orange trees very cheap. Write for terms. presenting to them my Annual Vegetable andS : use 1'owelI' olublebo8phnte8for t'nrdener.'
F. TRUEBLOOD Archer, Fla. n266tWRITE 5- lower Setd Catalogue. It contains the usual which are dean and inodoroo 2.j I b*.In a box; price
immense variety of seed,with such new kinds added Sl.oO. This is Sufficient fertilizer for Jf of an acreDarden
; Palatka, Fla., for as have proved to.be zcat acquisitions. Rai&ingmanr: for a whole sea!on. In each box is'packed..rail
toG Tilghman,
varieties mrstlf. four seed farms Garden seed -nearlT
of these on my set of the LlaiyroUen
regarding his book on nature'slaw TALOU and testtnct ers. I am able to warrant: their iresones5 all tried new varieties. Wnte for the pamphlet A Jl U
that controls the sex. It is of great value to andpunty.under such reasonable conditions as are coo- ofAgrleultnre.ethee.Itnotonl*tells yoa how to
stock breeders, for with it you can have either tained in.my Catalogue. Having been their original tntro- get a good Garden.witb':and >sett male or female at will. No humbug, because it ducer I am headQuarters for choice Cory Corn Mukr: Melon how to rawe economically ftt&b11Itaple crops of
had to be paid for when you are satisfiedas Eclipse feet. Hubbarrf Squash Deep Hjad. AIL beuona and Grain Cotton/Tobacco. rrtnta and Berries;how to spray
can n-io-iot Warren Cabbage. Etc. Ftc. Catalogue 11.L' to.all. trees and the beet Spraying Machines.WSPOYELL&COBaltlmoreMdU.SA.
to its merits. 1892 a J. J. IltaKEOokn: fe SON, MarblebeuU, Jiaaa.Jr1 / .
GRAPEVINES best:earliest and ------ -
------ --------
FOREIGN varieties, selected by 10 years' Chemical Fertilizer manufacturer

experience in Florida. Chasselas Luttichau, Mad "
eleine Blue and others. Send for circular. H. DI:. TAFTS> ABTIiDSALEV t
VON LUTTlCHAtT, Earlcton Fla. n-i2-3m "Planet TOQISM ASTHMA, -CUnED""cr, lou1.; ,,.rul myou.
New o I'Ires*,we will n., fr'- LB Rw
l-TAKI (JAPAN PERSIMMON) ,ooo IIachaiya. ""HEDR.TAFT333S.M: 's .TLR.i, :.'' t- af.FARMERSSaW .E

[V Hyakume. Yemon and Zing trees, 3. to 6
eet high Also 3,000 of fine variety not yet &114( rl..t'IIU.4 B.r.

named by the Department of Agriculture.. Local TWO NEW GARDEN DRILLS. One sows either MILL Catalogue free.
names: Sanford's Imperial Triumph etc. Trees Among other things FERTILIZERS EITHER C9., itlanU.,..
2 to 3 feet. All for sale cheap. J. R. MclRViN, IN DRILLS OR HILLS the Other in addition 1o.29omCash

Gainesville Fla. it St BELOW THE SEED.
with order.fote's Hiatt Auto-
JAPANESE PERSIMMONS, Plums, Mammoth Great improvements too in "PLANET JR." COMBINED SEED DRILL AND $A'uu tnaUc Single Orange Sizer will size

J Chesnuts,Japan Walnuts hardy orange V n- HOE in the DOUBLE AND SINGLE WHEEL HOES and marked 250 boxes per day. indreds now in use. Send
.It i u. Also ornamental stock, rare bulbs, seeds, WHEEL for testimonial sheet; order early. This is acknowledged -
fie. Olive fig trees and grapevines. Goods sent changes in HORSE HOES AND CULTIVATORS. by all to be the best and cheapest

safely by Freight, Express or mail. rr**. i The fine NEW TOOLS offered in 1S91 are made still more attractive for 1892. sizer in existence. E. II. MOTE'S SIZEJI Co.,

Address Send; for our new, finely illustrated catalogue, SEND IMMEDIATELY FOR NEW CATALOGUE and full description of all the Leesburg, Fla. io-22-lot

H. H. BERGER & CO., goods as now :made. It is impossible to undertake any satisfactory description here. BOOKS of every description neatly and durably

San Francisco.Cal. S. L. ALLEN & CO., HOT Market St., Philadelphia, Pal I House,Jacksonville at DaCosta Fla.Printing and Publishing

Established 1878.

;" .' ;-of: ::t: .I'i<

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: JANUABY 7, 1892] ,
f -

,1r THEJacksonville y. Tardiff Orange and Leonardy Grape Fruits .

Tampa LAST spring buds on stocks from % to 2 inches in diameter. As thrifty, health
well-rooted trees as can probably be found in the State. The Leonard;

Grape Fruit, though a hybrid grape fruit and sweet orange, is practically a typj ... .. ...

l & Key West System cal grape fruit of superior quality. Also Mango and Avacado pear trees. F

; n- -3m CYRUS IV. BUTLER, St. Petersburg, Fla.

I .


Southeast South and $35. Always ready for QUICK SHIPMENTS of Fines
Extending On trial in Pianos and Organs Direct to Your Homes. Florida Central and PeninsularRAILROAD

Southwest from Jacksonville, cove 7ourhome before !I, From REV J AS M. POTTS- D.D. editor of Mici.
,pa |Dg for igan Christian Advocate DetrottMicli.: uTa say that ,
over one thousand miles of tropics iMrtS.i:; i we are delighted with the Piano does not expres, THE FLORIDA TRUNK{ LINE
; f I the fact. We are jubilant. If all your instrument
country and reach all prominen The T.8wo er &Son Pianos ..B Organs !, are as fine in appearance and as pleasing in tone as (Formerly the F. R.A N. Co.) offers Increased
BEAVER FALLS PA this one,your patrons will rise by the hundred." facilities this season for travel to Florida,
winter and summer pleasure resort; From PROF. E. II. PECK, Valhermoso Springs, Ala.; "We could not be pleased better with having in addition to its old and popular
the'casing or tone;quick in response and melodious. In short we are highly pleased with the organ. connections, the LOUISVILLE & NASHVILLE
Florida From B. D. GRIGGS Adairsville Ga. "I am well pleased with the organ in every respect. It is R. R at the River Junction and the
: : all claim it to be." GEORGIA SOUTHERN & (the
From; Y. M. C.A per J. G. COOLEY Hillsboro, N. C.: "The organ gives entire satisfaction Suwannee River route to Florida),arranged
THE EAST COAST, Every one who has seen it is very much pleased} with the instrument and the price on the same." for a new route from the West and North-
From BEN. F. STEELE, Prescot Ark.: "My family is well pleased in every respect with the west via Montgomery,Bainbridge and Monti-
< THE GREAT LAKE REGION, argan. How you sell them so cheap is a wonder. cello,carrying through sleepers from CINCINNATI
THE PHOSPHATE FIELDS, The road has now no less than
THE PINEAPPLE FIELDS, Seven Points of Connection With
GROCERS S AND COMMISSION MERCHANTS namely Fernandlna,CaTTffnan. 'Jacksonville,
..t A\D ,, Live Oak, Lake City, Montlcello and River
r' -DEALERS IN- Junction, making comfortable connectionswith
Chicago, Kansas City and all northern
'-" cities, for which this road Is specially In
.SECTIONS. Coal, Hay, Grain, Wines, Liquors, Cigars, Tobacco, Etc augurated. -

JACKSONVILLE, FLA. The Florida Central

and Peninsular RailroadIs

THREE THROUGH TRAINSVIA Parker........................................$1.75 J. -?l&rtin Rpe...._......................$3.00: the greatest artery of travel through the .
Orange Valley..._..............__...._. 2.00 Virginia Glades- 4.00 finest parts of Florida, traversing twenty- ':
Spring-Valley................>._........_ 2.50 Old HnnrlioiiT.tt,......._.._.....?., 5.OC four counties-Gadsden, Jefferson, Duval,
North Caro loa Corn.: ..... ...... 2 5O Kentucky Sour Mash.5.00 Alachua Lake, Leon, Suwannee, Nassau,
ClIfton CJlub..........................M................... old Baker...........w........._...__ 5,00 I Levy, Orange, Hlllsborough. Wakulla,
montrose Velvet........._...__...._' : Columbia, Clay, Marion, Polk, Manatee.
Tho Trunk L LinD. I Madison Baker Bradford, Sumter, Her-
8 TroDical r 1 S e Jigs extra: 1 gallon 25c., 2 gallon 50c., 3 gallon 75c. Remit by post office nando and, DeSoto.In their richest portion
, money order, check or registered letter. We cannot ship C. O. D. to dry towns.A It runs through the MIDDLE FLORIDA REGION
and Wine list sent free application. OF HILL COUNTRY where are the fine old
complete price list of Groceries, on
These lines are equipped with the Jolm Clark Son & Co. Farming Lands and the New To

latest improved modern appliances for bacco Farms

Established 1856. 200 Acres in Fruit Nursery. I (reached by no other line), some of them
the safety and comfort of passengers.Our conducted on a large i-cale. Here are Quincy,
ONE ACRE UNDER GLASS.FRUI.TLAND Tallahassee (the capital), Monticello, Mad
patrons call them the son and other towns,from whose comfortable
NURSERIES I ample dwellings, reposing in a fertile
country coming a icneweu energy to employ
the resources lavished about them.
Augusta, Georgia.We l Stretching down through .
Trains leave Jacksonville, via]., T. The Peach Countryof '

immense stock of Fruit and Ornamental trees,, Baker Bradford,Alachua and Leyy coun-
& K. W. offer for Fall and winter delivery an
daily .
a. m.
8.50 except
in Florida. ties,through the prosperous
doses. : Palms,etc.. salted te Florida. All the new Peaches lately originated
Also a superb stock of Evergreens, Camellias,Greenhouse plants,eta Strawberry Fn.rmsoCLawteystarkeand'Valdoperbap.
Sunday ; 12.15 p. m., daily ; ;.00 p. Our products have been tested in Florida for thirty-three years past. Catal ngues free.. .superior .

m., daily except Sunday. Arrive 6.30 No .Afireiits.; Address, In profit to the orange grove-It goes through
the; heart of the (State, penetrating some or
the finest gloves, one having7OOOO
a. m., 12 55 p. m., 6.10 p.m: Augusta Oft.
Full-bearing Orange-
Trains leave'Jacksonville, via East Trees

NURSERIES OF THEMilwaukeeFlorida ,
Coast Lines, 8.00 a. m., daily; 4.00 passing for nearly a mile between them-
making Its way southward to the Gulf,and to .
the more tropical portions of the State. In
i,I p. m., Sunday only; i.oo p. m., daily Orange Co. nil portions oftue Slate It reaches points of.

except Sunday. 'Arrive 11.50. a. m:, Scenic Interest.
Selected strains Choicest, Varieties of Citrus Fruit, Trees a.Specialty. Wakulla Springs in the West,the Suwannee
5.40 p. m. Budding-Wood for sale at all tim.. liver[ as beautiful and romantic as it it
I KOI famous,bUYer bprines, l., the lake region.
Our stock is large and complete. PROMPT ATTENTION TO and the lakes themselves, with their surroundings -
, INDIAN RIVER STEAMERS.Leave Catalogue and Price-List,address, of rolling land interspersed wltkleasant
homes in green groves,sloping dowv
Titusville 6.00 a. m. daily A. L. DUNCAN, Manager, Dunedin, Fla. to road the yon clear can lake roost fronts readily By reach means the of this

i except Sunday for Rockledge, Eau K.T. PAINK. J. OVERTON PAINE. Hunting and Fishing Grounds.The .

COMPANY settler will find on the line of this roada
I Gallie, Melbourne, and way landings. THE PAINE greater opportunity tor a varied selection! ot
land than on any other road in the State;
Leave Titusville 7.00 p. m. Mon. JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA. from lightest tolls: to those underlaid witn
t t Office 50 West Bay Street, Warehouses and Wharves! at the terminus of the F. C.&:P. R. R., clay and marl, and of richest bammook-
i days, Wednesdays and Fridays, for St.Johns River, East Jacksonville. whether for regular mixed farming,stock or
dairy farming, peach or strawberry culture,

: Jupiter,and way landings : Connect- Manufacturers of Commercial Fertilizers.Wholesale orange groves tourist and will vegetable be gratified gardens.The .with Its

,} ing at Jupiter with trains of j. & L. dealers In and Importers of all kinds of Agricultural Chemicals. route scenery.can The find health some-seeker spot adapted on Its to ample his

J Bend us your name and we will mall you from time to time much general information wants. On the hard clay roads of Middle
W. Railway for all points on Lake regarding successful orange and vegetable culture in Florida."AUGHAN'S Florida the horseman will ride with speed
\ and satisfaction, and the Florida Central
I f Worth. Are fully described in our beautiful book GARDENING and Peninsular is theSportsman's
ILLUSTRATED for 1892. It contains one hundred Route.
For schedules call pages handsomely printed and illustrated with accurate ..
f ;. maps, etc., on photo-engravings and colored plates. It is a NOT Passengers from Northern connec.tions
fi Mirror of American Horticulture to sate and hiving tickets over the Florida Centra
i \local agents, or 'address the General shows the recent attainments this art,side by and Peninsular to points in South Florid
Seeds &Pt an S side with the good old plantsof of our fathers' have the privilege of being taken into Jacksonville
f ,, Passenger Agent. gardens. The descriptionsplain and reasonablewill over the Company's line and allowed
. / themselves to real lovers of good gardening and its contents so fully a stop-over within t be going limits of the
: 'R. B. CABLE, W. L., CRAWFORD. all branches of this absorbing subject that we say ticket,with return> their route for destlna
i cover
Send for ot
ion free of sutra charge. map
General Manager, Supt. East Coast,tines, |@- IT TELLS THE WHOLE STORY -a Florida, mailed free ",

1 J.,T.& K. W.System. St. Augustine;Fla. for the Garden, Lawn and Farm and represents one of mail the with most the complete BOOK A. HACDONELL,G.P. A.,
in the world. For zsc. we
of garden supplies
l G. D. ACKERLY, *.. ..*..,.:\ one assortments packet Chicago Parks" Pansy Seed or one plant new French Rose Jacksonville> ,F1a
} General Passenger Agent., ,:l' Star of Gold. Write for Free CATALOGUE now. MENTION PAPER N. S. PENNINGTON.Manager. r-

! Jacksonville,.Fla. *" VAUGHAN'S SEED STORE B a CHICAGO. 68 State 8t \f XWELT..QeD"-1MaDaeeu

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t :: v s. 1:

i M+MMF a'

18 THE }1'LORIDA'ISP \TCH, FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. [JA ttY\ 7,* 1892 :.....;




c 0 Latest Designs. in Parlor and Bedroom Suites in Antique Oak

: orrcs OJdCJ)Ce :' '7' Mahogany, Cherry, Walnut and Imitation. Hall Stands,

SOlICIted 8 Bed-Lounges, Willow, Reed and Rattan

4t Goods, Desks of all Kinds and

WE. SELL ""t.|* 4" AND 42 W "*Hiin Styles.




Carpets, Mattings, Curtains, Window Shades, Hanging Lamps, China and

Crockery Sets, Tin Toilet Sets, Mirrors, Curtain Poles and Brackets.

Hotels. Boarding Houses Shins Steamers Offices. and Private Residences Furnished from Top to Bottom.

r.-When writing, please mention this paper. *




DIAMOND\ "D" HARD WOOD ASHES in themselves are one of the most valuable] j their continued use a strong productive soil is being made which will require years

; and in those conditions of soil where a large amount of phosphoric ( to exhaust.

acid is required, no agent is so valuable for the decomposition of Bone, or Florida. {, This brand has been shown by Prof. Robinson's report on Hard Wood Ashes
Phosphates, as these ashes. ... to be the best in the Florida market. They are now better than ever, and, without
The combination produces a fertilizer rich in all the elements required by light doubt, are the cheapest fertilizer Florida growers can use. For other particulars

soil and in a condition that prevents leaching by rains, the result being that in I address .

ii-5-3ni C. E. DePUY, Stockbridge, Mich. .



Y _ _
S 4 be t Latest Improved H gad Cheapeftti Our Perfection and THOSE
r .:spire Pump stir the Uiuid automatically and will ipray 100 Tree Per Hour.
A't make the Little Gem and< .arOeld Knapsack Sprayers and the Verm or el.fine I
prsy nozzle,most economical spray nozzle ID the world.AUo a Horn Power Sprayer at low price,
We sell Sulphate of Copper,Paris Green and London Purple at wholesale price. Catalogue free.Write a Orange Growers and Vegetable Growers\
address plaiuly,6irinscountyFIELD FORCE PUMP CO.126 lIrtAtolA.ve.LOCKl'OUT,>.Y,

Who wish to obtain the highest market prices on their Oranges and Vegetables to

use the fertilizers manufactured by the



m OH BHi
of Pawtucket, R. I.,
\ I fl Perfect
Jfoml Who manufacture only the highest grades of animal fertilizers. These fertilizersare

& so made that they keep up a Vigorous, Healthy Growth, and remain in the
soil until the Tree or Plant can take it up.
M ," Mn If) This is the only variety that can
nUiThe lUi lay claim to the title of "TiiEE Southern office and warehouse at Jacksonville, Florida.

a T0'rowst HEIGHT OF 10 or 12 FEET, O. B. WEEKS, State Agent,
,, and produces nut of an IMMENSE SIZE and of the
I { { 1 FINEST FLAVOR. At an enormous price we purchased No. S Bostwiclt Block.
F I the true stock of this tomato from the
originator,and this seed CAN BE FBOCUBED ONLY ,
FROM U3. It la ORNAMENTAL OS well as USEFUL. Catalogues describing our fertilizers, with prices and testimonials, sent
;((7 ,tP + I Two or three of these plants will make a wonderful .
display, and if cared for, will produce all the upon application.Our
\t v \ r' "'tomatoes one family can use. Single specimens fertilizers have-given the very best of results wherever they have beer
I |often measure over 6 inches in-diame- used. 10-29-601
ter and weigh over 3 Ibs. The demand for
i p ,' fi \ !, this rare novelty last season was greater than the

In order to induce every reader of this paper to OF
v test Northern Grown Seeds,we will give, free of
i S charge to every person who sends ns 25 cents in
w r ,i 1 I ye I*silver or postal note for a packet of this rare to FANCY POULTRY.
a ; : M mate and names this paper and number of offer,a
IG ill,l Fit "''COUPON that entitles them to a collection of
r'r'I,? 4 .1a either flower or vegetable seeds which at oar cata .
r I logue prices amounts to 75 cents. >\E MAZE THIS ATTENTION!
GBOWN SEEDS into all sections. The seeds will be
?+ \\ -.k, 'r cent to you post-paid on return of the coupon to ns. 3 TTEREAFTER all fowls sent
K ll from my yards, by express,
l j
w ''c, ORA P1 RIGHT PIANO YATED sesoand .: will go at one-half the former
t \ t thousands of valuable premiums 'l rates--a great saving to my customers.
will be distributed among our patrons this year This is by special arrangement
i Our catalogue will tell how '" confined to
4 you to get them. ;r and is
a 1, \ ,, OUR CATALOGUE for thU season is by far ,r k fowl from my yards.
+ the most complete ever published containing We are the largest breeders ol
--- S I colored plates and hundreds of illustrations.
v\ 4 It ia in Florida.
i a thoroughly reliable guide, and a book that no .f; f thoroughbred poultry
1 J who seeds should > Come and see our stock or send
person u es or plants be with
: J !'' out. Price, Y5 cents. This book will be sr" J stt# a %;- i for our illustrated catalogue and
s y : : ; FREE to all who order a package of the t'price list of 14 varieties.
,. j i, Mansfield Tomato _.-- --' Poultry supplies of all kinds.
l a. ; "THE CHICAGO INTEBOCEAN''LWe _,- f Incubators and Brooders, Shell
N are in receipt of a basket of Tree Cutters
,: ', Tomatoes.not one weighed less than and Bone Mills, Clover and
apoand.lThe fruit is solid,flavor Wire Netting,Desiccated Fish
== -: -y delicious Many weigh 3 Ibs.BROMUS : Boiled Blood and Bone to make
I N E R M I S-The grass for drouth stricken districts and dry soil.. hens lay.
EARLY BUTLER CORN The earliest yeUow dent Tariety in cultivation.L1 .


ST itii Ormond, Fla.



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Clyde Steamship .

Time 53 to 55 hours between Savannah, New York and Philadelphia ;

t i and between Boston and Savannah 65 to 70 hours. '

4 :.. flew York Charleston and Florida Lines '

Ocean Steamship Company. ;

The magnificent Steamships of this Line are ap-

Charleston S. (Central or 90 Meridian Time
pointed to sail as follows, calling at ,
Passage Rates :
C. both
: -
ways Between Jacksonville and New York: 1st class moo;Intermediate,$19.00;Excursion,|4&5Q'
(STANDARD TIME ) Steerage,112.50.
From New York, From Jacksonville, .
(Pier 29. E. R.) STEAMER. Florida. Jacksonville and Boston: Cabinll27.00JIntermed1ate.I2l.00; Excurslon.W7.30; Stee e.nU6!
Monday Dec. 2Sth at 3 P. x. ...'-IIIOQUOIS"...Sundav Jan. 3d, at 6:30A. x. THE Magnificent Steamships of Ul18.JOmpany are appointed to sail aa follows:
Wednesday, Dec. 30th, at3 p. M. .."YEM A8SEE"..Tuesday, J<*n. 5th, at 8OOA. M. FROM SAVANNAH TO NEW YORK.
Friday Jan. 1st,at 12 NO'X .."ALGONQl'iN"Thursday, Jan.Jan. 7th, ut 10:00A.x.1
Monday Jan. 4tu, at3 P.H. ...CHEROKEE.Sunday, 10th at 1:00 P. !. Central or 90 o Meridian Time.)
WednesdayJan. 6th, at3 P.M. .."8EMINOLE"...Tuesday- 'an. 12th, at 1:30: P.M. NACOOCHEE ._.__........ ....... ... ......Monday, Nov. 2- 5.50pm
Friday Jan. 8in, at 3 P. M. ..IROQUOI8".Tbnrsday, Jan 14th at 4:3lJA.H. CITY OF ,BIRMINGHAM........... ...... ..... .... .... .. Wednesday. 4- 30pm
Monday Jan. 11th, at"YEl\lASSEE".8unday., Jan. 17th, at 6:3UA.M.WednesaayJan. CITY OF AUGUSTA. .. .............................. ...... .....Friday II 6- 8.OOam
13th, at 3 p M. ." ALGONQUIN"Tuesday Jan. 19th at 8:00 A. M TALLAHASSEE. ..........................---........--,.......Saturday 79.00 am
Friday, Jan. 15th, at3P.x..CHEROKEE..ThufBday, Jan. 2Ut, at 10:00A.K. KANSAS CITY... ............. .. .... ... .. Monday, ll.ooam
Jan. 18th, at 3 P. M. ..8EMINOLE". .Sunday. Jam 24th, at 11:3*)A.M. CHATTAHOOCHEE ...................... ...................Wednesday, 11- 1.30pm.
k Wednesday,Jan. 20th, at 3 P. x. .:"I ROQUO IS"...Tuesday, Jan. 26th, at 1:80 P.M. NACOOCHEE............. .._...._............ .-......._.. .Friday, 13- 30pm
Friday Jan. 22d, at 3 P. "YEMASSRE": .Thursday, Jan. 28th, at 2:00 p. M. CITY OF BIRMINGHAM.......X.......... ....... .............Saturday, 14- 4.00pm
Monday. Jan. 25th, &t3 P. ). .."ALGONQUIN"\ riunday. Jan. 31st, at 5sOA.3r.: CITY OF AUGUSTA............... ............ .... ......:.......Monday, II 16- 6.00pm
Wednesday,Jan. 27th, at 3 P. H. ..."CHEROKFE".Tue8day Feb. 2d. at 7:00 A. M. TALLAHASSEE...................*............... ..........Wednesday, II 18- 7.00pm
:Friday, Jan. 29th, at3P.M. ....8EMINOL ."...Tnnr8day, Feb. 4th, at 9OOA.3t. KANSAS CITy............................. .................... ....Friday, II 20- 8.30am
CHATTAHOOCHEE............................:.......:.........Saturday, II 21- 9.30am
NACOOCHEE........ ..... ..... ......... ....:.....................Monday, 2J- ILSOam
CITY OF BIRMINGHAM.................-... ........... .Wednesday, 2 1.00pm
St. Johns River Line. CITY OF;AUGUSTA............................... ................Friday. 27- 2.30pm
TALLAHASSEE..... .......... ...____......_....Saturday, !. 28- &SOpxn
KANSAS CiTy...................... .....*............................Monday, II 30- 4.00 p III

Far' Sanford Enterprise and Intermediate Points on the St.I FOR BOSTON.
GATE CITY................. ...... .. ...... ........:;.. .... .......Tuesday,Nov. 3- 6.00pm ""
;Johns River. CITY OF MACON .........___ .............. ............... -. Friday, 68.00p m
CITY OF ..Wednesday, .1 111.OOp
GATE CITy..................... ............................. Sunday, 15- 6.00am
v The elegant Iron Side-Wheel Steamers CITY OF MACON.....................:........................Wednesday, II 18- 7.LO)pm
CITY OF SAVANNAH.................................. ..........Monday, 23. li.00 a m
"CITY OF J JACKSONVILLE' GATE CITY ........ ............................................Friday, II 27- 2.3Op m
CITY OF )IACON.---.. ......_._.....Monday, II 30- 4.3Op m

FR ED'K DEBAR Y ( Ship does NOT Carry Passengers.)

DE88OUG............................_...............................Friday, Nov. 6- 8.00am
Capt. T. W. LUND, Jr., DESSOUG .......... .... ... .-. ......_.....Monday, 18- 30pm
DES8OUG.................. ........___ .. .__.............Thursday, II 28- L90p m '.
Are appointed to sail from. Jacksonville, dally except Saturday,at 3.SO p. m.,and from$an-
ford dally except Sunday, at 9 a. m. THESE PALACE STEAMERS,
SOUTH BOU:YD. SCHEDULE. NORTHBOUND. 'onnectlng with the Savannah. Florida and Western Railway(Waycross Short Line)offer
r Read Down. Read Up. to the Traveling Public and Shippers advantages equalled no other line.
Leave 3.30 P. 3.Jacksonville..Arrive 11.45P.M. Bills of Issued to North East
8.0UP.M...........?.. ...............Palatka. ..... ............... ......Leave 7.00P.M. Through Tickets and Savannah.Lading For information principal and points to and Northwestvia
l.SOx.M. .... .. ......... ...... ..... .Astor ..... ........................ 2.00P.x. General H. R. CHRISTIAN,
.4 45A.H. ........... ..... ... .....St.. FrancIs.... ..... :.............. 12.4SP.M. J. .BECKWITH, Street Agent Jacksonville. 71 West SolicIting Jackaonv1lle.Agent
West Bay
S.UA.M) ......_... ........... .. .- Bereft ord....... .......:.. ........ .. 1145 A.M. 71 Bay C. G. ANDERSON Street
*, 6.00A.M....... ...... .. ....Blue Sprngs ... ...... ......... .... tc Jl.00A.X.Amve800A.x. R. L.WALKER 35 ,Agent New York. City Exchange Agent, Ga.R'ICHARDSON' .
..... ........ ......... ..... .,Sanford.. ........................:.. 9.00A.M. New Pier No. & Agents Lewis' Wharf Building, Boston.Savannah
14 9.15 A.M. _............................Enterprise. ......................... It 9.30A.M.. W. L. 13 B.Third BARNARD1 adelpbJa. :
J. D. HASHAGEk!''iJ Eastern Agent Say.. Fla.& Western Ry.Co.,281 Broadway N. Y'.
=General Passenger and'Ticket Office, 88 West: ay'Street.: G. M. SORREL,Gen.Manager. *.E.ARNOLD 0"0. rrav. Agt.,Jacksonville, Fla.
For Tickets apply to S., F.& W. Railway ofDce.ESTA.BLISHED.
F. SI. IIlONlttONOER. Jr., Fla. Pass.Agent,88 West Bay St.,JacksonvllleFla.W. .

F. OGDEN FAY Traveling Passenger Agent,5 Bowling Green,N:Y. 176.wII..I. .
J. O. PELOT, Frt. Agt.,on wharf, foot Hogan St.,Jacksonville Fla.
JOHN L. HOWARD Fla. Frt. Agent, foot LauraSt.,Jacksonville Fla.

J. A. LESLIE, SnpU, foot Laura St.,Jacksonville,FIa. : :: : .:JLA.1MC. ..4.. :E3C>L7.B.JS.
HA11SIIALL H. CL.YDE Asst.Traffic Manager Bowling Green, New York.
THEO. G. EGER,Traffic Manager: ,5 Bowling Green. N. Y.

WM. P. CLYDE & CO., Genl Agents, Grain Garden Seeds and Fertilizers

'.. ..vtla "Wlaarre*, Fklladelphin. 5 Bowling Green, K. .T. ,

Thorough, Practical Instruction. 20 WEST BAY: STREET, JACKSONVILLE, FLAI

0 K- KE E PIN G Graduates assisted to positions.



------ Hay, :Corn, Oats, Flour, Bran,Wheat, Grits, Meal,



Scientifically treated by an anrlst of world J. 'JE. Tygert &; Co.'s
wide reputation. Deafness eradicated and NITRATE SODA
entirely cured of from 20 to 30 years'standing! ,
t after all other treatments have failed. How Star Brand Fertilizers
the difficulty Is reached and th* cause removed MURIATE OF POTASH,
fully explained in circulars,with af- GlUBANTKED ANALYSIS.
fidavits and testimonials cures from proml Comprising QMQC .. SULPHATE POTASH.
nent people, mailed free. Orange Tree and Vegetable
I Dr. A.FONTAINE,19 East 14th St., N. Y KATNIT .

.Ii Fertilizers have no superior in the market andja triaf will conTlnce.Q1 .


NEIGHBOR f'' W0nD7l'ru1t aDd Le&f B1f&M of ApplM.Pears.CherrlM. EXCELSIOR I 8PRA Y rNet
paid only r4ALr.LAIICE Grape aDd Potato Rot...!'Jam Oureulia preYeDted b1 uina OIITFIT
, 5375.Partbe.erysame -- : ,UUIIiDeecteto-pr.mt m&iIedfrLar.elllt Ntnit. Trees'Pls
. lDcalhDJlI
.A.ddreIIV..u. STAi1Le QalneysI
DclTJ' L'laata az Bottom PrIces.

f. '1ieitheronewa.awortbi Insure Yourself For field,garden and CULTIVATOR.grove. "The best cultivator I CURE 'FITS ya
; I ever saw," is the verdict of all who use: It. IW-ESICKL
/ Against paying orbitaxt Works either level or on a beds;perfectly adjust- When I BaT cure I do not mean merely toctop them.
; rrtrft! by buying aWe;cleanest cutting;lightest draught. for a Urn and than.have them return again. I mean a
I!t direct trcoa Every cultivator fully warranted. Price$ro. radical cure. I have made the disease of FITS. EPILEPSTorFALUNOSICEXESSalifeJoncctudy. I LOOKING :CHILDREN("
LUDDEN & WaldoJla. Because
remedy to cure the wont caw*
Who hare but Dee Price and that the 10tl'Uf l. inc: my for not now reoelviag a Abject to SPASMS are most likely troubled with
You can't pay them more Instruments other hare failed is no reason The bed remedy' for tth is the celebrated
are actually worth. They an not that way, ': jneed Stationery of any kind-paper cure. Bend,once for a treatise and a Free Bottle of WORMS'B..A.FAHNESTOCW8VERMIFUCE.Been .
I Write for latest SPECIAL OFFERS. Dv- i1sa Uqk 1 If so,send to DaCosta PriHt- my Infallible remedy. OiT' Express and Poet Office. II hi ureandn: YO r f 811 a.Ow*rTeparticuUrlJ
ing and PublishUJ.f House..", ,jacksonville.Fla. H. G. KOOT. Jib C+ 183 Pearl St., N. T- that tb"tnUstiarcR.A.the..>oiding I.i. nI t1cmII







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Blood and Bone, :''' Chicago Bone !Meal, .

Pure Fine Ground Bone, Dark and. Bright Cotton .Seed Meal, .

Animal Bone and [Potash, Tobacco Stems,

Blood, Bone and [Potash, Canada Hardwood Ashes,

Pulverized Animal Bone, SuLohate of Potash, &0.

.. .
Fruit to.d: "Vine: Bearing: : Trees.

e' crange: Tree :FWoo'd, Young Trees. .

-V-ege1iab1e an.d: :Jo1ia"'to Crro-vver.

GEO. E. WILSON, 50 West Bay Street, Jacksonville Fla.



As Florida oranges are now a staple fruit in the English markets, to-obtain profitable prices, in the future it will only be necessary to export good quality and
land oranges in good condition in the foreign markets. ,.f
:Messrs. Smith & Crouch, one of the largest, best and most reliable fruit firms in England, say of the Liverpool market, that the demand is now so large that 5.000
boxes, weekly, could be handled up to January 1st, with satisfactory results if the fruit is sound on arrival.
; As one of the largest exporters of apples in New York and as a large importer of fruit from England, my knowledge of the carrying ability of steamers enables
me"to select the best to ship by. ..
Representing the best firms in Liverpool and Glasgow, and having my own house in London, are also further reasons why shippers should send through me.
"""* In order export oranges, shippers can consign their fruit to me to New York. If on examination it is in condition to forward, I will have the same placed on the
best and fastest steamer,and send a Bill of Lading as evidence of shipment to s1 fpper. If not sound enough to export, I will either turn the lot over to any New York
firm the owner may designate, or.sell it myself at auction. ": .
The best steamers land their cargoes in Liverpool, so that a cable report of sales is received in New York in twelve days after sailing. A check covering about the
amount of the proceeds is then sent on account to the shipper, by me. In twenty days from date of shipment from Florida it is thus possible to have the proceeds
the hands of the shippers. I f .
Please note the following facts : -
,. Large sizes of oranges, 112's-126's, bring as much as 150's and 176's. No matter oranges are shipped green and are sour, the earliest possible shipments pay.
Dead. Green Spanish Oranges always bring the highest prices, being the only kind in the market. Oranges must not be shipped from New York later than December1st.
There is no demand after the holidays until :March 1st. '
Advances of 75c. per box on your fruit will be made to such shippers as' need money, and such are authorized to draw on me with Bills of Lading attached.
Further particulars and stencils will be furnished by .
jJ E. !L. GOODSELL, No. 103 Park Place,

No. 15>> Philpot Lane, London, Eng.





P ra


rt In every respect ,

tQ Supt.Fertilizer Fair I Oaks ever.

in 60 to 90 days,

best on a manure that

ready to nourish. !

is a special fertilizer,
-EER\PI\ IZER healthy growth, and

especially adapted to "
Theyjproduce; a strong growth of wood and a large yield of the best quality fruit. Mr.J'e class of crops in a
at Stanton. Fla.)says: "I am cultivating nearly 300 acres of orange and lemon trees growth which with. t
,the largest in the State,and I have experimented with and tested all the hi -
for'our offered beautifully for sale in the illustrated State,and pamphlet.I find yours more satisfactory than any others I .. early. For sound,

BRADLEY FERTILIZER CO., 27 Kilby St., Boston. { "9 : : shipping quality, use x


:Hatch Chickens by I Catalogue, Free. ,

I : '{;Thooaandi I M. BOND, CEN'L AGENT l
P.rj cd swd I
ftwIDdo.:r to flnt-claM hatch a ; I j FLORIDA. :
.ggn at I lees oort
PIANOS. J &d eo.fQI>Jllaa.o..aJoC.. 1 I I

,Workmanship Durability ''''l,Wind&SteumNacb'y.
Baltimore',22 and 24 East Baltimore Street 'The American Well I ;PAIR your old family Bibles; make them as 1
New York, 148 Fifth Ave. .. 11-138.CAN. I.ST..CHICAGOILL. i iEm ] good as new. DaCosta Printing and Pub- .
Washington, 817 Market Space. STREET.DALLAS,TEXAS. J 1 'ig House,Jacksonville,Fla.J. ;



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