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UFPKY NEH LSTA SLAF



Florida farmer & fruit grower
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Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055765/00213
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: S. Powers
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: December 31, 1891
Frequency: weekly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note: Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038466
oclc - 01387403
notis - AKM6256
lccn - sn 95026761
System ID: UF00055765:00213
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen

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& FARMERS? AlLIA'N'C'E, .;>.

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SEM I-TR fCA .MAGAZIN.E ".
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CONSOLIDATED JANUARY ,
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". BACOSTA Proprietors.A POWERS, )J. Jacksonville, Fla., Thursday. December, 1891. Whole No. 1195 : .HI 8E* Xo?53. b ;1 3r

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r BLAKE & RIPLEYv. -_ GEO. S. HACKER &, SON, w

AGENTS WHITE DIAMOND
XANUFACTT7HKB8: 01'i> i

_
'FLORIDA. FRUIT EXCHANGE, .. ..t11.c
-:. -' : ',' 'Or* >. ,Has proved to be the.earliest and finest grape in Florida beingfully two weeks earlier than Niagara. =:
: : .' All the' White Diamond-grape vines we offer for sale have been grown and will be shipped ,
BOSTON.
CHATHAM ST.
57 direct by the Diamond White Grape Company, of Rochester, N. Y. They are guaranteed to be CU .- '
strong healthy two-year-old vines and our prices for the same are as follows a.W
Price Catalogues of weekly sales furnish
on application., FOR CASH, $22 PER 100 or$200 PER 1000.; V

ON TIME, $40, $35 or $30 PER 1OO, ACCORDING TO = s:

d.W.BJLRNETT.. 19W.:J. H.BABNETTESTABLISHED : QUANTITY. 4 '; CU= 0 .
"
____ C
'Send tor( :price list and descriptive terms for vineyard planting on time. Ad- ,
: BROS., dress EDjJ8OIStwBOX[ 182, Tallahassee,. Fla. General Agent Diamond White &.4 CO -
BARNETT 4 r "Grape} C iiiP a' yforTloridandGeorgia: "",- .
AGENTS ,I Also full stock of Niagara Delaware, Ives, Cynthiana Norton Chassellas, Black Hamburg and oQ ..
-'.FLORIDA 'FRUIT EXCHANGE., all other leading and new varieties. of grape vines, native and foreign. .nw.. a.. 7Qv'G8

"Whekwle'Oemii iou, Fruits,and Tegetab1.L .'. .


.i s .. Prompt., return Btendls 159 South on water application.Street,,'ChlcaguS : NEW BEANS !NEW PRICES And 'Building CHARLESTON'Material., S. C. .

I

G PALMER, We now have in stock an extra fine lot of crop of 1891 bens, at following prices,: :
.
166.READE ST., NEW. YORK. Peck. Bu. Peck. Bu BEIMTON&UPSONJACKSONVILLE
Hastings' Excelsior Refugee........., II.so $5.00 Improved Golden Wax..,............. 1.50 5.50 ,
'SOUTHERN ',PRODUCE A SPECIALTY: : : Improved Round Pod Refugee...*.... 1.25 '4.50' Wardwell's Kidney Wax.............. 1.50 5.50
'Oranges,Lemons, Pineapples,,,.and all othe. Improved Red Valentine.........-: *. 1.25: 4.25 Flageolet Wax.......................... 1.60. 5.75 FLA:, .
Fruits and early truck, also, dried frait Improved Extra Early Red Valentine, 1.40 5.00: ] .
HY, ,
cons1gnmenta promptly' remitted for'8ta.114 H. G. HASTINGS &, 'CO., Interlachen,. Fla.Our .
and market reports furnished free .
References;-.Bradstreet, and 'establlehecmorehftBl 4o-page catalogue,with revised price-list free_on application '.' :: IRRIGATING
: *and banks of the South '
...., 5' x
WE MAKE: THEM .
:
t GRUB: AND STUMP PULLER; -
I WHAT.,ARE THEY ?' ". MACHINERY

SITE have the most practical and powerful Grub.
if bing Machine on earth. Simple in construction The Virginia Ventilated'Fruit Carrier i':
and Wilt inch
operation. pull a io- tree or : .
stump with one horse in 2 to 4 minutes' time. .. ,. BOTH
'
Will do the work of 10 men. With proper care it FOR EARLY TOMATOES, STRAWBERRIES, PEACHES AND PLUMS. -,"
will last a life.time. .We have.a safety lock, a ,."
take-ap the spool I. that saves wearing the rope NO.4t6 Baskets, three-quarter Bushel I No. 34-16-quart gift crate) a
oat in a pert time-one of the principal, objec-, N o.?42--4 .- i'. one-half Bushel. J No..36-32- II STEAM HORSH POWER
lions to aU other machines of this class. We No. 56-a ii ii J jjo. 30-32Standard crate. ;
guarantee satisfaction: to our patrons. Price of ..
machine complete F. O. B.cars Sigourney;Iowa, Send for catolognes,prices and samples.
tes and 165. Agents wanted. Territory for sale.'
wrae for catalogue. SOUTH SIDE MFG. CO., Petersburg, Va.;
IOWA GRUBBER CO. :
PIPE, PIPE FITTING, BRASS
,t' '
.2t-i7t Sigourney, Iowa..
ESTABUSHED 1879. .

VALVE, HOSE, ETC.
R. M. BURROWS & CO., .
POULTRY FOOD !I.tk
&. FRUIT AND PRODUCE Write for Estimates.


CORDISION JIERUHA.NTS PEARS FOR PROFIT IN THE SOUTH.

d! ILLUSTRATED LIST FREE. .

04, A 06 PROSPECT ST., Cleveland, O. Jennings Nursery Co., Thoma>.
We are not connected in any way with any so-called Fruit Auction House. Only actual selling .
.. prices quoted. Correspondence with shippers solicited. REFERENCES-Mercantile: National Bank ; n n.er..i.
Trade Mark. Wm. Edwards & Co.. Wholesale Grocers; ,Childs, Groff& Co., Wholesale Boots & Shoes; Brad-
r BOLLI8' CANNED MEAT FOR POULTRY. streets'and R.G. Dun&Co.'s Mercantile Agencies; "Ohio Farmer, "Cleveland. Six days rtrllei than
aoyrart.iY tdted at ibe
' Will Make Hens Lay ,& Ag lenitl Ex. GrouDdaaG.nera.N.Y
Will Make Chickens Growl! Color

, Aim GOOD FOB HOULTXNQ F wu. R, Southernmost Florist Establishment in U. S. tender reenlsbwbite., sweet and pulp delirious.
This> food Is strictly fresh meat,carefullycooked ranks" The only grape
that first both an
,ground fine,seasoned and hermetically F ESTABLISHED 1883. earliness and quality.
tach: Tine sealed with
sealed In 8-U cans. Being ground fine,It S Rare.new fruits;Shrubbery;Ornamental plants Palms.Orchids Ferns our rryteteied trademark -
can be readily mired with soft-food,and fed l 1 Jamboos,Cactus, Conifers,Aquatics.. Stock safely shipped over the whole label. see for
Information. Agents vMl nted
turtle r
00 u to give each fowl an equal share. Prle 1' world. Fine illustrated catalogue of too pages sent on receipt of xoc.. Clean, etrcuuu'oviiiK dress STSPUlbM 1JOYT% MOfiS. N.w Canaao.Ct

.eis per et.n; ITS per dos. Address HOLLIS o ,..,_, q healthy stock.;,Low prices.REASONER.
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NO BLOWING UT OR BRBAJtlKO DOWN
DRSeSBD MEAT' & WOOL CO., 20 North
,'i Beaten,.1(..... fHentkm paper.' BROS., Oncco, Fl u
a LAUNCHES.


HANDSOME GLEN ST. MARY NURSERIES. Before ordering elsewhere do not fail to send
to me for description of the most complete and
'
economical Steam Launches using ordinary
,
Branched Klefier Pear trees, three years. old, kerosene for fuel. Automatic fire regulator. a
..) IelBCbeuWg.< Address -. Ten acres devoted to testing new varieties.:. Thirty acres in orchards. One quarter of a million No blowing up or: breaking down. Catalogue
(250.000))nursery trees of the finest tested varieties. 'Our..new catalogue for 1891-93 is the most comprehensive
J. II. GIRARDEAU, ,." we have ever issued,_and will be mailed free.oa,application.: Address free.JOHN- ASPINWALL.

"X..tleell.t, ,.' "- -.-.-.;:. 'Flay Glen Eau Gallic -_ Florida.
G. .L., TABER :-: :( St. Mary,. Fla. ..
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.. THE FLORIDA DHPATCH, FAKMEE AKD FEUIT-GEOWER. <_':frD( 8> .L J'J, 2z J ...

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l N SPRAY ORANGE AND LEMON TREES?

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Lj Yes j if you 'use. the right:material. 'No;.emphatically. no, if solutions made with Potash, Caustic Soda/Salt,

1 :; i I- f Whale Oil Soaps and kindred caustic substances are used. These solutions, by hardening.the bark, do more harm

I .o:the trees than would be done, by the insects sought! to be destroyed.! ., .

f 'TRE"EUREKA INS OTrOIDE

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.. i kentirely; free from such substances. Trees sprayed with it are noticeable for the bright, yellowish color of the bark,*which always indicates a, vigorous,
'., healthy condition. '*" ,'
,,a 4:r.:w%' "ItJs:\ sure death tp.the Red Spider, Rust Mtlcf.,Scale Insect, and the various forms, of fungi. ,It is noyr'believed tp be a specific for the "FqotrRpt" t

.':f f.?., aid-,," a, possible remedy- for the_ Blight.- Has been used. by more than 500 orange growers the present- season- with satisfaction. : (

,:'}; : ONE, QUART IN 50 GALLONS QF WATER IS SUFFICIENT.'b ,

:; Spraying machinery in great variety.. .' at Manufacturer. prices., OJange. Box: : !Material. l, Wrapping Paper, Hoops, Ladders, Clippers. Nails,-etc,,"ott'qttie
best and as cheap as the cheapest x w.' -fA.i"I :. > \ i / ? ';
;f.& cEo BEAN Jacksonville Fla.Send "

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t';;b; ,,' for:circular, :and,price J Jist. :- _

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v' > ChPHUH SOLLUTION-
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'. Is the most effective compound! yet discovered 'f for d stt Vii1P' the insects iiifestino- 'the oran i P'e tree, and i is a, sovereijm-remedv:

: ..for the various forms_ of .fungi on trees and plants. Beiner freerom all substances of a caustic, corrosive or poisonous nature, it can

'i.} :*.:lfe handled with perfect safety tpi: the person, and Applied tQ the {trees at, any stage of ,in-owth *jthijut injury.

.- this insecticide. has been :used by $some of the largest'l orange rowers ih the State during the -past two years, and has oven

: 'satisfaction. References ftiriiished oil -
perfect : 1 applicatioh. '

FOR RUST MITE, VSE) Dl Nn OUART TO FIFTY ,GALLONS ,OF WATER. 'When used at this strength the trees should be;sprayed

for the Rust, Mite twice month through the season. Where labor constitutes the principal item of expense spraying trees it is better

"' and cheaper {fo use the Insecticide t, \ ''jit full,trpngth, viz.: One gallon of solution too gallons of water, as the fumes! From \the Insecticide

will Kill the Rust\ ;:Mde I :. yen if the solution should, not happen to touch. t them in using the Insecticide at this strength it will save '

tkree or four sprayhurs 'through. the season, thereby; reducing the post from orie-jhird to one-half.. This is an Adantege Possessed fey

:B*
rr..tf, i. J )f FOR;::RED SPIPpR; ; and SCALE, use,one gallon to fifty (gallons: 'of water. General directions for using sent. on application. ;; *)'

-4 1/ PklCE soc. PER: GALLON, in barrels. 'If there:is no) agent) in your vicinity, write for price delivered. .

; SPRAYING APPARATUS furnished to our customers Stcot.t t..y :


\ I McMASTER & MILLER, San Mateo and Citra, Fla. ;i.'
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I : ;.: \i SAVANNAH FLORIDA AND WESTERN RAILWAY- 1


ABD. .._ I
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.1/:' -. --'The F1c: r.:lea..\ a nip: : ataIa,' L 1n.e.: ,, .., .: 1A' .

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With
r
the Magnificent Connections. } : .'. .:, '

The Great. .Fast Express Freight System of the South. .::1

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'The Attention of,.hlppcm ia directed to the Plant 8. B. Line between Havana.Hey West and Tairpa.and "oulb Florida'Railway between Tampa and Sanford,8. F.A W By.be-
1 cweea Jaok ouvtUe.0&1ue'-vl11e, Bainbridge, River Junction and f\avannah,8avannah and Cbarlesionand) Ocean Steamship line between } avannllh,Pblladelpbia.Boa-tou and[New
York and.Merchant*and Miner Transportation Company between Savannah and Baltimore The best equipped,fattest and most prompt lines between all point in. J'lor1daaad. all i
points North anctNo t:>rtecelvera and b1ppen: wW ro1U by the following unparalleled connection: "
VOB'TH Beu1 n. I SOUTH BOU1'D.v .
Double dally fact.freight service for all points: West via Albany. ,Jesup. Bainbridge. and Double dally fast freight service from"all points North and ;West via Albany Balol
davannah .- Jesnp and Savannah to all points: in Florida; fast freight trains both via Gainesville ':
Daily fast freight all rail connection via the Atlantic Coast Line to all Eastern,Interior': sonvllle,Callahan and Live Oak. ;
and Coast points, Including New!York,Boston, Philadelphia,Baltimore,Washington and Four ships a week by the fleet steamships of the Ocean Steamship Company.sail_? m
Providence New York'(Mew Pier North River,) direct for tiavannah. Monday. ,Wedne da7., trl4i7and_ ., <;t
Fottr connections a week for New York via OceanSteamahip: Company. ,leaving Savannah Saturday. ,
,Mpaaaya Wednesdays,Fridays Saturdays.. : : The Boston and Savannah Steamship Company's steamers will leave Boston Jose 4.1L .I
.dSrooroneetions a week for Baltimore,via Merchants' and. JrIlneratTnLnBportaUonCOm-_ and 25 for Savannah direct,"making,.connection on the dock at Savannah ,wick last
'pang,teav- og Savannah every Wednesday and Saturday. .freight trains for all points in Florida.
',CeBaecUoBfl: for Boston via Boston and Savannah: Steamship Company,Ie&VlncSavannab From Philadelphia via. Ocean Steamship Co., leaTini Philadelphia May 9. if and 99
.Jane,4,u. 18 and 26. : H every Ave, days from regular sailing day via New York to t kvannan. *
rr Cn nectkms for Philadelphia every. .: ten days.'vja: Ocean.Steamship Co panyJeaT1Dg. From Baltimore via'Merchants'and* Miners'TraBsportatfoa1 )o., every Tmesdar' and
..,.av L L*>t JUDe 4,11 and 4U. .- -. -. -. Friday, making close_ conaeetion wlth 8.,F.. A W. By.WaU potaU la FioMt. a
.to.iehahge wi4heut notice. '
$ftUteg days tor Bteamshlps. are rabject :
,
'-Tbe Florida Btepatch Line Is the qalekestt.. best freight ante from all points North,bit and,,*et,.to)tj J1da. For full particulars;rates, stencils and shipping rcee pta apply to
*
,
....-GtU1e above ltes,or io > '::-'_ ;' ,' \W M.P.HARDEE,Oen'1 FreightAeitBaTaa: ash,(tt;' "
::!&,, B..:WBN8,Tratte M&Tiaerwvaagah,Oa. F.B. PAPY.Awt.'rTaAc. Manaef, savannah:,Oa. ;. .. W. M.'DAVIDSON, Gea'l TN.aI. e Ate; JaekseavtHe,Fit.J. .
". .r.JOHBAJT,Trav.Agent;;'Qahtfy.' ', ; Jf. E.PmV.AIeflt.acUo. .: ) ; '; ': ; .J H.i"'i'gsxa,,Amt,Jaekseav. e.'
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1-\- RMERFRuhTGROWER "j





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$a.OO PER YEAR. ] J JACKSONVILLE; DECEMBER 31. 1891. [$2.OO PER YEAR .

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by Mr. Hubbard, that if the culture of the time for the buds to begin swell ing from the weight .of the fruit. I .
Gfrove and Oc1ad.. cotton is discontinued the pest will ing, says a writer in' the Fort Worth hope some one who knows will give

.. disappear. The ordinary kerosene Gazette. directions for pruning them in next
A Plea for' T1n e. emulsion is not so effective against i it There is no risk whatever in number of. Farmer.-Cor. American
as against the scale. If a quantity of making an attempt to graft your pecan Farmer.
We hoped we had given a sufficient .
cotton seeds are exposed in different, grove. I would advise planting good
hint already of the enormous difficul- places.about; the grove the bugs will pecans for stocks in the first place.If The Louisiana Orange Crop.
ties under which we have labored collect on them and may be drenched you graft these and the graft fails Conservative estimates place the

since the fire of August 18 All our with boiling water. You :will find you will have lost nothing, for the Louisiana orange crop near two hun-
The i some account of them in Insect Life, stock will at once send up .a new dred and fifty thousand boxes. Eightyfive -
presses were destroyed. paper
Vol. I No. 8 Please sprout which will with such thousand ,trees will bear the crop.,
"Times- pages 234-42. grow
has since been in the"
printed One hundred and five thousand
report your experience.-ED. rapidity.that id! three years you could twenty -
Union" Job Office. There was only -. 9 not tell it from the young trees, additional trees will within the
one press there which could print our Grafting the Pecan. planted at the same time, that had not next three years more than triple the
For several I have been been down for present average crop of 200,000 boxes
paper faster than a page or two at a years grafting cut grafting purposes. ,
time. The proprietor was able to get i the pecan with entire success, .The: growth of the root fully governsthe Seventy-five per cent. of this year's
. will be from seedling
,- growth of thetop in the pecan crop gathered sweet
the use of the"Telegram" press occasionally comparatively speaking. I well know i tree. As the root so will soon be the trees. Eighty per cent. of the

f but now even that is no longer that the pecan is looked upon as a top. I have seen pecan Sprouts!; ten 125,000 trees which will mature duringthe

to be had. There is only one press tree hard to propagate in that way, feet high that had grown in a single, next three years, will be budded

'now available for the FARMER AND but I get fully 75 per cent to live, season from the stump of a pecan upon sour orange stalks.
'FRu r-GRowER and the heavy job and this, it seems to me, ought, to* be tree cut down where clearings were The Louisiana orange is the first in
being made. the market, and, coming before the
'work of the entire DaCosta establish. good enough for most species .of trees, others, commands a good price. Flor-

raent. The contractor is a month behind and especially for -a ,species under- The KiefferTear. ida is the next_ in the market, but the

with our new quarters. The establishment stood to be of difficult propagation by Well, we have fruited it, and for crop does not get in until the Louisiana -

has lost hundreds, of dollars' .grafting.... ....:. thrift t. health, vigor and productiveness crop is, pretty well disposed of.
One advantage that the Louisiana -
worth of work which could'not In my operations I have resorted to ,it can't be beaten by anything I orange great has over that of Florida is

be printed or bound. It has been a two methods of grafting-splice graft- have seen in the pear line. Its eating cheaper freight. Florida oranges cost

hard matter'to get the paper printed at ing and cleft grafting-and of the twoI qualities, although poor'and of a thirty cents more to Chicago than the

1 all.. We: hope to get established in cannot say anything in favor of one decided quince flavor, improve with New Orleans crop.
method that the other. Withme and it One of the largest wholesale dealersof
and over of keeping, properly managed,
our new'quarters, get 'the paper
\0", fruit, in speaking of the Louisiana.
ou-t'on:! .time 10 T' both have succeeded, and to will keep.-until after Christmas, whenit
by January 1892.i orange said: "My opinion w(thaf
i ED.r about the same degree. Both of these is far better than no pear at all. In there are none to equal them. .After:

.. methods are 'too well understood to fact its quality when fully ripe is they are fully ripe and a slight frost
t The Orange Bed! Bug- call for any description at my hands.I a }out second class. Its chief value as has passed over the fruit they are absolutely -
:'" Editor Farmer-and Fruit-Grower invariably graft at the collar or claimed for it by the introducer, is delicious. No orange that I
.1 send you by mail, a few bugs earth-line, with the stock sitting un- for cooking, preserving or canning, know of-and I have handled oranges
fc: .' which: I picked this afternoon from a disturbed exactly where it grew from and for those good qualities it will from very nearly every quarter of the
the seed. A nurseryman would take always be in demand. It will bear world:-can approach them in delicacyof
Tangerine tree. TO ,begin, with will
:t' up the stock and do his grafting'in long shipment and rough handling flavor. The Florida oranges come
f : say a few days ago I saw these bugs the shop but I am satisfied that tramplanting better than any pear grown, and our nearest to it. In appearance they are

ia considerable quantities on a few is not good for the pecan so surplus Kieffers will find a ready mar- very much the same; in fact, as far as

f Tangerine trees, and to-day, to my I graft on the stock where it grew. ket exported as our apples. are to that goes, they might be called twins,
? 'Wpti6e: I found'quantities' of the fruit Having correctly arranged my graft other countries. as before they are peeled it is impos
draw on the soil, almost to the top The tree is a marvel of beauty, and sible to tell them apart. The methodof
yAre On examination I "
t dropping.. of the cion .and give it ,no further when Jaden with fruit, droops like a breaking oranges, as contrasted
J" found;that these bugs which in some attention. It very seldom fails to weeping willow under its burden of with the Floridian method of cutting

I'= cases literally covered the oranges, take and grow off splendid if the work I pears, which look like strings of with scissors, is certainly in favor of

.. were! the cause of the tree losing itsfiuit has been carefully ,and correctly per- onions so thick on the branches are the latter.
r With their little sharp bills formed.It they. I have'counted forty-five pearson Cutting not only adds very muchto
might be well for me to state that a four-foot branch no thicker than the appearance of the fruit, thus
'i they; would pierce the orange and the cions should be cut during the one's finger, and, the past season making them retail better (and the_
begin to suck the juice and when the inactivity of the tree in winter, tied gathered ten baskets from single trees retail, trade is the governor, so to
r: orange' was so attacked it would in small and close! bundles and buried of eight years' growth. So far I have speak, of the wholesale trade), but it
t' be only a few days before it would well down in the ground to remain seen but one twig among mine that vastly increases the length of 'time
t'- drop. Now, can you tell, or recommend there until just before buds are be- has blighted, although some of my that an orange will keep wjthout defying. ,
a remedy, and furthermore whatis ginning to swell on the pecan trees. neighbor's trees have blighted badly.Mr. California is away ahead of
.the cause of the bugs attacking oranges This is the nick of time to graft, and Parry, the introducer, claims that Louisiana in the handling of the fruit;
( ? They 'are particularly: fond everything depends upon the right a taint of quince sap in the graft, or however the same system is going to
l: of Tangerines, no signs ,of them oni time. If the buds are already swol bud will cause its' liability,to blight, 'be adopted by the..Louisiana growers
!,: other trees. W. N, JACKSON. len and the sap started before thegraft and thinks that the habit of cutting next season, that is, sizing stem-cut-
i. Lane Park. is set there will be a failure, and grafts and buds from the Kieffer trees ing,and packing directly into ''boxesin
:' *We conjectured that :this was, the if the graft is set too long before this worked on quince stock the cause. the groves. The facilities for doing
cenHBon red bug (Dysdtrcus .suturtL period the cion will be too long ex- Time, however; will develop whetherhe his are greatly increased, now that
1 tr. .. his) and, on sending it,to the. govern posed,to the effects of evaporation or is' right or not. One great diffi: hey have a railroad running down.;
:/Y. ment.eak&ologist found.ou ',opinr = "drying-out," and there will,be more culty I have encountered in growing: ,through the groves, so that oranges:
ioa.correct Itis: found in.the'vicin- failures' than would result were' the theJ&effer i is how to properly pruneso I an be:shipped direct" trot Trod

;. i !r.of cotton.fields, and it is-believed; ,I grafting .done,.sayi. one. .week..before .as.to prevent the limbs from.s-maSb- :Bend to Chicago.tft. '>-W r. -.i,:.-- '
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: 102_ THE FLORIDA DISPATCH, .FAQ AND: FRUIT-GROWER. [DECEMBER 81,1891 .

'"
.. ,r
Keep Out Scale. strainer over the sugar; let'this heat to'a materially from potash? or the nitratesof The Citron in Florida.

As the orange picking season is at, boil Put in the shreds and boil twenty_ which I had. intended to speak, but Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower.

hand, it is important that owners of. minutes I find that 1 must reserve any consideration Yours of November 8th came in due
This is an elegant flavoring for cakesor of them for another communication, .
orchards use the necessary care, in puddings. which I will make if you deem this or time. In answer to the ,many enquiries

order to prevent the. spread of .injurious ...r.. ..__ that. of enough interest to your readers. about citrons, will say, I have

insects through the carelessnessof Phosphates, Potash and NitratesIs I,find in looking over the above' thatit seen_much published about them that

pickers and buyers of fruit. You Acid Treatment-Needed? appears somewhat high colored and is misleading.Five _
enthusiastic but I do not believe that I
will therefore favor all / Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: I made mind
confer a on interested have made statement that is noun years ago up my
by publishing the following Prof. _Shaler' says in his introductionto accord with any the chemical knowledge of that Lee and Dade counties had the"Soil

circular to owners of orchards: Bulletin No. 46 Geological Survey: "If the days. At any rate they are facts and climate to raise all the citronof
placed on the soil without other
You are liable to have scale broughtto preparation than that of any grinding, which are "in the air," so to speak, and commerce needed in the United

your trees on the ladders, picking lime phosphate! will slowly pass into a which it seems to me are of vital importance States, and some to spare, and I set to
to the farmer, and deserving of
sacks or boxes qf pickers. Allow no condition in' which it may be absorbedby the fullest and most thorough investigation. work. in earnest to build up the new,
.* *
ladders, etc., to come on your place plants. It seems almost certain WINDSOR SMITH. and undoubtably, profitable business.It .
not demonstrated that thegreaterpartof
though
until they are disinfected. Allow no yet the phosphatic,matter in Palm Springs, Fla. was an enterprise that seemed

picking sacks to be brought there. the; soil is in the. state known as insoluble easy, as all the citron trees needed

Furnish new sacks for your trees. and that it only becomes in small Where, Locate in Florida. could be picked up without price,and

Make pickers brush their clothes part, year by year, soluble, or in other Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: there was no lack of persons who
words, fitted for assimilation by plants. Having no interest, no longer feelinga
kinds and
thoroughly before going to your trees. knew they were the right ,
Whenever the soil contains the
; quantity pride, I write this as about the last
Allow no boxes that have been used 'of lime which characterizes the better knew that a good article had been
word the If to
to'pick in, or to.convey fruit in, to be class of Kentucky soils, it is supposedthat on subject. you want manufactured from them. (They madea

brought into your orchard. Require even if soluble phosphatic manuresare come to Florida, Hillsboro county upon soft preserve only.)

pickers to report to you immediatelyif applied, the superphosphate becomes the whole is one of the best countiesin After three years I found that it wasa '
again insoluble by taking up a moleculeof the State. East of Tampa is a good
they find anything which they suspect lime." failure, that I had made the same
be scale. soil in many places; West is the Gulf made who failed
to mistake that others
The soluble phosphates appear to be coast., This section is comparatively ,
Report, yourselves, to the Inspec in an unstable condition, so to speak, poor in soil but is breezy and nealthf before mej; but I was not discouraged,

tor's, or at the City Marshal's office, with a tendency to "revert" or become Many wealthy people have pitched their and set about to do different and get

anything found which may require insoluble. winter tents here and vast preparationshave trees from Europe of known repute.I .
Our soils are probably deficient
further attention. All packers of or- very been made to entertain the migratory have tried sixteen kinds and find
,
in lime; it is said that the growth of,the tourist. Everything smacks of the .
anges or: lemons are expected to report huckleberry indicates almost an entire fancy rather more than the substantial. some too thin, some to small, some

at. once to one of the Inspectorsor absence of this substance.But The lower sub-peninsula, Pinellas and will not make a good, healthy growthon

at the City Marshal's office if they there is enough ,lime present io' St. Petersburg, is, the "center of attrac any kind of stock.

find any fruit with even a 'single scale prevent the phosphates from leaching tion" just now and there people are in- What with one thing and another, I .
-or else there are other chemical react
it. If all and dulging the hope that all Florida home have simmered down to two kinds for
upon growers packersin tions which take place in the soil when hunters will give this section a call be-
the city will co-operate with the not subject to the disturbing influence of fore locating.Owing the American market.

Inspectors in the work of exterminating the sun and air-the organic acids near to elevation and water protection It will be one or two years yet before -
insects from the surface, which renders the phosphate the climate is this is the
injurious our trees, comparatively tropical, I can positively say
will them and quickly insoluble so that the heaviest while the health is unsurpassed. Here Last week I
we keep absolutely en kind above all others.
rainfall will not carry it more than a few in
the winter flourish few
tirely free from all kinds of insect inches below the surface.. other. sections.gardens Our tropical as fruits, of sent to a friend in Europe for a kind

pests-DR, N. H. CLAFLIN, Horticultural For this,reason when we find the lime which we have many, are in their glory. he highly recommends as the best of

Commissioner, in Riverside phosphate deep in the ground unmoved Our oranges hang on the trees till the all. We must have the best. I will

Press. from the disintegrating influences that I usual ides of March, while the Tardiff not fool with any other. We must not
found the surfaceit is in in- :
are on
soluble condition exerting little'or an brings up, the rear and promises Florida play second fiddle. We have a home
no
for the entire Why locatein
Orange Wine.In influence on the growth above it. oranges the less healthy or year.less beautiful and demand for near 3,000,000 pounds,

reply to J. E. Cole, of Glen St. It remains to be seen whether the disintegrating more frosty places while the tempting and the article is protected by 30 per

Mary we give the following from influences constantly .at advantages of the little subpeninsulaare cent. duty.I .
work near the ,surface will render
Helen Harcourt's "Florida FruitS so lavishly at your disposal l? Do you will destroy all but the best and
enough of it available at a time for plant want to fruits? Here is the greatest -
T. A. Melter, of Jacksonville, buys food. All the evidence of experience so variety grow and abundance with good not let them get scattered' to the

orange peel. far seems to point to an affirmative an- local markets. Do you want to garden? damage of others, as I am a, suffererin

ORANGE WINE. swer. Here are our palmetto and medium pine time and money by the miserable
The solubility of lime phosphate is increased woods full of humus and water.
Ninety sweet and thirty-two near to humbugs scattered over the country :
oranges
by the.presence of-ammoniacal
The many big hotels and numerous.
pounds of. lump or granulated i sodium already. !
sugar. salts, nitrate, common salt and towns satisfied.
are never
Put the sugar into a dry, sweet .ninePllon others, also by the presence of acids, even I do not advise healthy people who I have planted and replanted and

cask, and place the latter whereit aqueous carbonic acid. This last accord are doing well where they are to come to destroyed enough trees to make me a
is to.remain. Have
ready close to theca
t. k two large pans or'soiall tubs. Put the ing roots to Roscoe.of plants.If explains. its absorption Florida, nor do I expect that people who rich man, if they had been the right

the orange peels, pared thin, into ,one the foregoing premises are correct can not do well where they are will come kinds. I have also been troubled to

and the pulp into the other, after the the practice of superphosphatizing is, ex- here change and get in rich.life and But pursuits many of, and us needa all get the right kind of sugar to experi-

juice has been squeezed from it. Strain cept.for: immediate availability for rapid considerations of fortune aside, Floridais ment with, but am on the right track
the juice carefully, and put it in ,theca growing crops, simply a useless expense, where .
a pleasant country industrymay now.
Jt, then one and a half gallons of in
pour and even the case of the most
rapid live and where one may be physI- I must and will make it a success
water on both peels and pulp. Let it it is ,
growing crops a question if,the end
stand for twenty-four hours,.then strainit may notbe obtained in a less expensiveway cally comfortable if notmentally happy. as I have the assistance of parties in
As in all Florida and other
into the cask. Add more water to the ;,but of this I will speak hereafter. any country, London and the Mediterranean, and
only need to restore
we transportation
peels and the next day strain this into The matter of grinding will of the woods
probably I out
mental equilibrium. We can raise the just as soon as am
the cask cask.is f filled Repeat which this should'process take until just the be the only If preparation of the ore neceS- stuff, but the markets will not take large I'll halloo and give my final conclus-
it to be
sary. is shipped to dis- t
any at such will the
quantities prices as give
benefit'others.
ions .
the to
seven days, water being properly tance some method of concentrating the
proportioned to this end, and the con- poorer ores will be a problem that will producer a profit above It freight is rates as When we once get at it right, it \
at present adjusted. only a
tents of the cask being stirred each day. be presented to our miners. This and tion of time when this transportationmatter ques- will prove a big thing for this section
On the third day after the cask is full it
other ,questions of
mining
be engineeringwe will be adjusted in our mutual and a few favored locations north of
may securely bunged down. may safely trust to the ingenuity of interest the interest of trans-
This is a very easy and simple method American genius as soon as they become producer, this. The citron being more tender
and Our chief
and if ?directions are followed the winecannot matters of commercial importance. It porter consumer. prod- than the orange, much care is needed :'
of such nature that
ucts
fail to be excellent. It should be is safe to eay that we are to see great im- are to seek outside markets.they Whenwe require in choosing the location for its cuI- I

.bottled in eight months, and will be-fit... provements in the operations of the learn to produce a class'of truck

for uee'twelve months after making. phosphate mines in the very near future. adapted to home use-the staplesweshall ture.Our rains coming as they do, ifl
ORANGE VINEGAR:: I do not think that we Florida
yetappreciate then be comparatively;independent.This .
the dispenses with irrigation
To the ,cakes that are left in the the value of our immense deposits have oft recited, but our people summer, ,
presses, or to the pulps that are left'after of phosphate.'The are slavish in their very make. There is as they have to do in Europe; and

making wine, add molasses and water, raw phosphate may be applied in a charm about money hard to explain. we are not troubled with such high
according to judgment Let it, stand almost any \\ 7. It would be almost They forget that this money is simply winds and other drawbacks.If .

until vinegar is formed; then strain and impossible to give an overdose, ten tons to buy the prime necessaries of life, for I do not put up works for: processing -
bottle, or place in casks.PRESERVED to the acre would have no deleterious effect they never have enough for the luxuries; i
others will. I satisfied
on plant life, it does not leach, and but this hope that eternal in:the am
ORANGE PEEL. the.hottestday in June will not volatilize human heart keeps springs up their bubbl -cha of that, when we have the fruit to

Weigh the oranges whole and allow it. It can be applied at any time, in anyway ing and fattens the other man on these process, but the fruit must be of the
pound for pound peel the fruit and and in
; cut any,quantity. ,
luxuries for which he is enslaved but right kind and properly handled.
the rind in
narrow shreds.. Boil until It would seem that once added to the
tewter, chaagicg thewater twice and surface of the .soil, it can hardly be never Pinellas,possesses., Fla. WH. P. NEELD. I will, as I said, give the necessary

repfemslaag with hot each time. wasted,.but remains inert until needed -.. information when I am sure I am ,
8q.eee the orange juice through a by the plant. In this i it'differs' and know '
respect b your'blood poor? Take BBECHAH'S PILLS.S right, without a doubt that

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DBCHMBHR31., 1891 | '-; '" ,. THE FLORIDA DISPATCH- ; 'FARMER :AND FBUIT-GROWEB.: .' _- ,10S3_

.

we have the best Nothing but see- fruits is brought to the notice. of the i sour stock were at, all subject to.. this Pear, Blight,

,tag and testing-the fruit. will satisfyme people, I.feel,, that due consideration disease this stock would not have, es- A cultivator remarked some years

; as it is a serious,hatter make a should,: be given. The editor's taste caped for no tree could have been ago, when speaking'the pear blight

grove and then when we,- look for surely was a little off, or' that of the more exposed.It "It_ has been a good thing; it has

.. profits find it, has to be done oVer, writer and others that tested the above will be safest in future to insert kept slouchy farmers out of the business -

again. orange. In company "with the late the bud several inches above the and showed, that there was no

I have learned to go slow// in this Capt. W. E. Whitridge and Major E. ground, and no doubt this is the most remedy but the ax and, the knife. If

new and "infant industry" from 'mj E. Stebbens all of Sorrento, gave important fact to be learned from it is in the limbs, cut them out; if the

'pa&texp ence. Sims' Summer orange a good test. We this case of foot.rot. whole tree is affected, dig it out.

Those who jump into it recklessly! found the orange fair as to taste, with This grove stands on close, com- Don't worry over the blight; ,treat your

will -repent at leisure. And ,those but few seeds, and very full of juice, pact, pine land and has been cow trees well and 'it won't bother you

going into it with judgment will havea and a small amount of rag or core. penned, from time to time as needed.It much Several years ago the blightwas

good business. However, the fruit sampled by the js,, however, thoroughly well epidemic, and we drew out of

I will give figures of all pertainingto editor\ may have been over-ripe or drained. Some of the dead seedlings our orchard eight two.horse wagon

this citron business in the future past its time. I think it was in July stand not over one hundred feet from loads of the pear limbs dead fromblight

through your excellent:paper, when I sampled the fruit., After the. edge of a large sink which is at and dead trees; but enough

THOMAS T. EYRE. fully considering the matter, would it least seventy feet deep. trees were left, which, under good

Myeri,Lee Co. not be'a good thing to reconsider and A. D. DUNCAN, culture, bore more than ever before.

sample"Sims' Summer"9range again? Manager Milwaukee Nurseries. We can afford to lose part of our trees,
How I Renewed an Old Grove.'
editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: LEVI RISINGER. DunedLn, Fla., Dec..28, l89r. if we give high culture and get high
a fPruning --- for those
Sorronto prices as a consequence
4. I read correspondent "Sat-
your Trees before Plant-
suma" with interest I If Mr. Risinger will send a few Orange which are left.-Country Gentleman.
some ; am grateful -
ing.
.
be samples of this orange to Lawtey, we i i
that the
light..seems to breakingon
Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: We shown
were yesterday some
will form one. of committee of three,
,the vision of the orange grower. For a month during our dry est specimens of and lemons
secretaries of Fruit Exchange and oranges .
I do not claim to be able to 'give'advice weather I had been
transplantit
in Arizona which in
g spite of
the Home Market to be 'the other grown
to growers in the art of producing orange trees, and will here take occasion the xecent cold spell there, when} the
fruit connection with the two, to give it a careful test.-ED.
My r followed the advocated
to say plan mercury went to 23 for a short time,

orange growing and marketing is Foot-Rot Skips the Sour Stock. by several of 'your correspondents were as fine as oranges grown in Riy,; .
of comparative' recent date. Three -. viz. the roots short and
Editor, Farmer and'FruitGrowertI : cutting erside. They apparently ripen so
yean ago I came to this recently discovered a case of foot- cutting back the top so severely as to early that if 'extensive planting of or-
State, Sought a grove small leave but little of it result I
rot in a sweet orange bud.on a sour ; and as a, anges ever takes place in that territorythe
in extent but large old trees. stock that will interest citrus will say I never had so good success. fruit will come into market even

Of course, I paid full price for it., orange fruit Out of 500 trees I will not-lose one. earlier than the Florida product, and
generally especially so
The trees did not look well but I growers ;
,
as there has been caused needless Many of then have now a new growthof directly compete with it.Riverside
thought I would try what could be more than six inches. I did not '
alarm the of this disease in Press.
done,to bring,them into better condi by report, use a drop of water until the 'trees *

tion.\ The first year I:cut and' slashed, one One'of or two these sour reports orange,is stocks.to the effect were, as thoroughly firmed in the A man who has practiced medicinefor

worked and pruned, but was occasionally that no case of foot-rot, has been foundin ground as tramping could do it. Thena 40 years, ought to know salt. from

told by some of the 'old growers ,the bitter sweet, and though this is bucket of water was gently poured sugar; read what he says:
that.I could not make any improvement i in the basin and when soaked a
doubtless, true, it should not be over- up TOLEDO 0., Jan. 10, 1887.
as,the grove was worn out of dirt
looked that the latter stock is mulching dry was scattered
,compar- Messrs. F. J. Cheney & Co.-Gen-
I had addition to my two; acres ; over-it I
and Then the
tramped again.
thereabout of itively very scarce in Florida and that tlemen:-I ,have been in the general
or large trees I a good
with another
same operation next day
if it were as common as the sour tree practice of medicine for'most 40 years,
sized-nursery of young trees? among bucket of water and dry,dirt. Then
would in all be in
the nursery' some trees larger than there probability, and, would say that all my practiceand
followed with
mulching leaves
found as many cases in the one as in grass experience have never seen a
which .
the others stood in
grove; shape. and trash as I could get it and a bucket ,-
the other. Even then the number in preparation that I could,prescribe withas
,1 moved out of my two-acre grove of water through the,mulching.I .
both would be far too limited, to have much confidence of success as I
fifty large.trees;some nineteen inchesin satisfied if this
am pretty well planis
any weight whatever against eitheras can Hall's Catarrh Cure, manufactured -
diameter, from that' down to ten followed and not so much loblolly
a stock. by Have prescribed it a
you.
inches. I am not 'an ..experiencedfruitgrower made in,, which to set trees the answerto
The special case referred to is to be great many* times and its effect is wonderful -
hot:even a farmer, but I
:
the "When is the best timeto
found in one of the oldest and for query; and would say in conclusion
had land and.ryoung' trees, so I put set trees?" will be wheneveryou
of the orange have find of Ca-
about many years one most productive that I yet to a case
out ,sixty acres more ; I
grove are ready. There are certainlysome
succeeded with groves in our section, and when tarrh that it would not cure, if they
large trees never
my ; seasons more favorable for trans-
I learned that this contained would take it
grove a according to directions.
10it Qse. After I had thined out,my planting than others, but I am persuaded -
of foot-rot in Yours
case genuine a sour truly,
two acres in the manner de-
I the first that an orange tree can be L. L. GORSUCH M. D.
scribed orange tree, improved opporttinity -
the trees I
thought,
successfully transplanted day in '
to examine ,it personally.The any Office, 215 Summit St.
looked better and last I
.
year the The more unpropitious the
bud, a,sprig, was inserted,by the year. We will for of Catarrh
$
'shipped from them boxes. I give i oo any case
1,200 time the more care should be used.
previous owner about two inches that be.cured with Hall'sCatarrh
was careful in packing; it cost me cannot
my ; I have transplanted more or less
above the surface of the round
on Cure. Taken internally.F. .
mere than what others paid for pack-
since 1883 planted
never
one side and perhaps to a little below every year ; J. CHENEY & CO. Props. Toledo
but ,
ing, I got full price of the marketat the surface'on the other thus when it seemed so unfavorable as last
passing
O.
the time of sales.I ,
niy October, ,and never had,such success.
about half around the stock. '
did not do so well with way ..-Sold by Druggists, 7SC.
my young The disease to have started at In February, 1886, to save as much .
appears *- -
'grove, but that is not now to the point the ,lowest part of the bud and top as ,possible-for they looked so The State Alliance of Louisiana
I lost a great many in the cold of two pretty-I dug the roots, as long as I
to have followed it upwards for expelled nine members of the Legislature -
years ago, but I tried it again. They possibly,could get them and out of .
twelve or fifteen inches, but to my because they voted for the .lot
are now looking tolerably well .again.WlLLOUGHBY. .
great satisfaction; not a trace of it boo; I don't.believe'. there are fifty live tery.

could be found below the union of the ing to-day, and they have never madea
Lake Fl
County; sweet and sour stocks. I removedthe good growth. From my experienceI WE TELL THt

5Sims' Bummer Orange. soil myself carefully and found I am of the opinion Mr. George L. fTh TRUTHabout :

.' JiWkor Farmer and Fruit Grower: every root;large and small, in perfect TabjcrinNov. 26th and Mr. ThomaSL.

I feel the shouldbe'slncerely'thankful health while the trunk is Brunk in Dec. loth are correct, and Seeds. We"wlUSefld
as though<< people sour orange Free
our Seed Annual 1
for all that has almost girdled and ruined.. This budis that following their ideas will relieve for 1892, which tegs

been done to introduce new fruits. upwards of fifteen years old and is much of the discouragement in tree THE'WHOLETRUTH... .

I wish to call attention to one that I surrounded by dead d badly affected, planting. In regard to grafting I will r "

think the editor of the FRUITGROWERhas sour: seedlings; in fact, it stands in refer all inquirers to my article enclosed :

not done justice to, that is Sims' that'part of the grove where the disease you last week. We illustrate and give .

,Summer orange., Some time, last ',has been most deadly.In C. W: CAMPBELL,' S*., prices which In Is handsomer this 'Catalogue'than,v.i\.<
Campobello.
summer James Mott sent.a sample to ,the same grove are' grape fruit _ ever. J It'tellsNOTHING

the, editor' and for ,some4: reason-I stocks, budded twenty years since, BROWN'" S' IRON- BITTERS BUT THE '

suppose that of taste-the editor "satdown that are now in' full vigor and have Cures Wrta lOt It'to-day. ,
Indigestion TRU
on.it." As it is through, themedium never been attacked. From this \case Dyspepsia, (p.: 06010711D.M. ''If n: .

: .of the press the discussion of ,it".may safely be claimed ,that if the 1. & -Debility.' .FERRY* CO" D.tnlt.M.o..

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\I ," .- iU-.....T"."":--_" _.,__'< .:",/:(:: ,; ....,._- ":..,...THE... _.' ,1OID,_"""-- ___ '_D __ATCHJAMQER' 'AND.____ '>' '_ _lT-GBOWE1L_.' _._.__._._. __ [DicDm, B 31,1891_ .. __ *


'cured. If the Concord for instance is fruit; and the more care we take in gath-
T1t .1line'aJrd. not 'pruned ,at all, there: will be more' feFhy ering and shipping the smaller the loe .
: clusters formed than if pruned but there We have learned that the choicest varieties -
:.-: ...-.....-.. 7-: "':' .--. -;-',- -:- .: will be so many clusters the vine, will -_ __ producing.the finest fruit pay the

.Edited'by. E. DUBOIS' ',,, TalUhateee. "' FT. *. not ripen all, the clusters will be" small, Edited wwwww by JOHN B, BEACH, Melbourne, Fla.... best,and that the better the land and the .
and the quality poor. more fertilizer we can use the better the
Grafting:, It requires experience to know' whichvarieties The Pineapple Industry on Indian results. '

4 need close pruning, and, which Blver No. l:- But'we have only learned how littlewe
conditions .this/IS desirable
Under certain a need I ,have trouble do know for all that. We learn-
:- long arms left on. Since the J., T. & K. W. R'y reached are
.method of propaatingnewvarieties with my own men, who have had experience ing how to plant, how to cultivate, how
Titusville certain and direct
of opening a
rapidly, and of utilizing stocks ,
; .They have cut'our Niagara' to fertilize and how to market We have
wild grapes jor inferior varieties.' vines too closely (have not left'on cane route to the Eastern markets for the Indian greatly improved in all four branches in

Grafting is most successfully ;done enough), and the result has been a, few river country,our pineapple industryhas five years,making many radical changes,
upon: the part of the stock below thesurface extra large clusters, but a light yield in been upon a solid, economic footing, and we hope to improve still more in the
of the soil. fruit. Whereas my Delawares they do next five years and make more,radical 1
The,soil is removed from 'six to eight not prune close enough ((leave on too and has increased and developed accord- changes, but we are still far from satis-
inches of the base of the stock, which,'if much wood)and the vines bear too much ingly. Prior to the time the grower had fied with our knowledge or our methods.
targe, is:cut at right angles to its axis for: fruit as a consequence. no financial encouragement to continuehis My aim will be to give the readers of this
eI-efti1rafting. which is done by splittingthe experiment. Trusting to sailboats
> t paper a brief account of what we are
of the stock and inserting the to Jacksonville which be held
top might ,
doing and :what we are trying; what we
cion cut in wedge shape so as to ring 'Grape Pruning in the Fall. storm-bound fora week or more before know, what we think we know and what ,-

the inner bark of the two .in contact.. William Saunders,the experienced experimental leaving the inlet, was very uncertain we know we don't know; and to keep
Cover the' wounded parts of,-both with horticulturist of the,National work for perishable fruit. Then the them nested from time to to time as mat-
grafting wax.and, if the stock .is _not Department of Agriculture,says: enormous, prices charged via Rockledge, ters progress and new issues develop.
stout. enough to bInd the scion by-ds own The best time for the; winter pruningof Lake Poinsett! and the :Upper St. Johnsmade JOHN B. BEACH.
elasticity, tie with a bass wood b rid"or grapes is soon after the fall of the it imperative mat fruit ShOUld be ; -....
with some other ,soft material. Clay leaves, and the sooner the better, for the hurried through before more than one-
may be substituted for the grafting wax.' reason that the. buds will push with third had rotted, which was not to be Pineapple Culture No. 1.
;As soon an'the graft. is inserted the more vigor in spring will bear better expected by that route. We know that with pineapples,justas
earth should be drawn up to the bud on fruit 'and will ripen somewhat earlier. The consequence was that very few of with all other things, the better the
tlje scion and firmly pressed, using care our settlers(and nearly all were
; This arises from the circumstance that poor poor
not displace the,graft the, plant during' winter continues to then) could afford to pursue the costly land the better the crop. But the
If the stock and scion i are, nearly the absorb more or. less nutriment by its pastime of growing pineapples for longat pineapple's notions of soil.are peculiar,
Basic size slanting cut is made 'at' the roots which is distributed in the a time. Some few of the more obsti- and here_we reach .a point where we
top of the btock and a'similar one. at the branches of wood.. If, therefore, pruning nate persisted in the face of financial only,think we know its peculiar tastes.
Bottom of the scion and these' bound together is delayed until the .approach of failure, trying each year to cut down We think that lime or shell is what
uniting as much':as practicable spring this winter accumulation is largely their expenses to meet their annual
the inner bark of the two. Cover the destroyed and lost. When, however losses; grubbing the land easiest cleared they dislike because most soils whichare

jknBt of junction as before.-Alabama ,- the vine is pruned in the fall, the (hence the poorest), and sparing the fer- totally unfitted for them contain
Station. winter accumulation of increase will be' tilizerand,, scufliehoe, they did better shell. But then pines do splendidlyupon
., .--. deposited in the buds and parts? left after because they had fewer pines and more soils full of coraline rock and

The Scuppernong Grape.I pruning, and such buds will start vigorously Jto; the crate, thereby lessening their ship- show of disease on certain
ments and their losses. symptoms
,,and in of their better consequently
have made, in Quitman county, Ga,, development consequence fruit they show will be When the railroad reached us many of sandy pine ridges. We know'that they
from a single vine, only eleven years old,. increased and the shoots will advance us sold land, and, having become en- succeed on hickory land aud'sprucepine
m:a single.eeason, two and a half barrels rapidly in growth and attain maturity chanted,with this fascinating pastime, land invariably, and that,, most
(forty gallons tQ the* barrel.of) excellent weinvested the in
than those from weaker buds proceeds more pine-
sooner
as
,
hammocks and scrubs will
trellis
wine. The vine covered a .mess.- apples.Then. good _poor
60x60 feet. Much' ,wine has been may be tested by comparative trials and them though the former makes
uring close observation of results." a startling thing happened. Un- grow ,
made by m f ai"th Scuppernong grape, cle Josh shipped some pineapples to New too many weeds to hoe and the latter
and in 1870- invented a mill for mash- York, on which, contrary to all precedent -. requires a great deal of fertilizer.We .
big the grapes, which gave,m6 quite a Spanish Moss as a Pest. he received no due freight bill! ..
lucrative business while the harvest Another pest'which is destructive 'And when he called on the Widow Murphy '. think that some varieties, nota-

JM6ed., to the in very Southern to tell her the good news he found bly the: Sugar Loaf and. Porto Rico,
.\lie scuppernong is a.white grape of a. pecan her puffing'her old clay pipe and staring will produce larger fruit on well-
;9tttullishade, but from, its seeds" Louisiana, and which infests' large:; open-eyed at a check for $2.30: from Red- drained low land but of this
ted a black grape similar fu"the.r ;frees to the extent that it not only field,:returned for "two crates of pines mucky ;
.kr wild muscadine invariably results.. renders them practically worthless for; received in bad order." This new phase and many other things regarding them
These black grapes. mate a're beautiful as claret. '' purposes, ; it was-just as fascinating as ever choose a hickory ridge which has a
the is the well known
J live tried-the scuppernong ifi Texas, tree, Spanishmoss. and it no longer cost anything beyond' orange-colored sandy soil with
.buthave never been able ,to make. .it,.a:! ,Chemical analysis shows' thisto the labor. Then more people tried it, deep
crew'her OIi a good trellis: the vines'wonderful : be a true parasite! and not an air and people; more enterprising and progreSsIve little or no gray sand on top and
are to" "run, as you state;, I, plant as supposed by than Uncle Josh, who were not plenty of leaf mould. It is best to cut
Rave often'measured,branches that were: many. satisfied to plant in the oak scrub and, it all down and allow the brush to lie
'more than fifty feet in. length, from the' The remedy for all trees, including leave all the cultivation to the hens and for six months till the leavesand

maia trunk., the pecan, which may become infested shoats. And the more pains they took fall then it
On this the editor comments as follows with either moss or lichens, is the better fruit they grew, and the better twigs pile up carefully so
leave all the fine trash the
: to spray thoroughly with any strong the fruit the higher the market returns.. as to on
Why{the scuppernpng seedling almost alkaline, wash. The late Alfred E. And as the railroad got established and ground and plow or grub it in before
invariably produces a black grape similarto the business became larger, more care burning the larger wood and roots. .
the :wild,muscadine/ due to the ,fact Lewis of West Pascagoula, used eight and' quicker time were accorded the Some people brush down the timber
that the female scuppernong has its flow boxes of concentrated lye dissolved in pineapples and fewer crates arrived "in
ers'fertilized by the male niUSc dine,and fifty gallons of water on 'his moss infested I bad order." (That did not necessarily: two years beforehand so as to"allow
the latter, being the strongest vine of the trees. It killed the have any influence on number reported the sap and branches to rot, and it is
two governs in the :resultant:character answered orange both in secticideand in"bad order, though some few houses, very good plan to pile all the wood
moss as an
istics. A notice of this fact-was what we are told, have made difference.) and roots by themselves and allow
first led us.into. the discovery that ,the fertilizer, and did no harm to ,the Thus encouraged we have embarked them rather than burn
rot
to anything
Vites vulpine (muscadine family) was trees.-Times-D:mocrat. I more extensively in the industry year ,
strictly d. cious. "We: have seen a very after year. Capitalists have come m and as our lands have been all impoverished -
few scuppernong seedlings whose fruit --- homestead land for pines from by the years of burning, and
leaded to white .,but the fruit was..invariably Uncle ,
H Josh and the Widow Murphy at a every pound of vegetable matter
R.z a. .WDIb LIt z."
of,comparative inferiority. handsome advance Uncle Sam's
...." -- very on should' be saved. Some people runa
The Texan who will pIant'male: musca-
prices, thereby making capitalists of
or roller disk harrow over
,4ineswith, his.scuppernon need have both, and they have' followed suit and cutaway
"HO fears astq his successwltn..tt1E :,scup- invested in the same business. the ground before raking to further
pemong gpeWori1iG: tte. We have discovered so far a few things" bury the small roots and trash.

.. . which will be of great importance to us In the spruce pine land the saw

.. "WliyDo. Grape, 'Vines Run to now and ,to the general public some day. palmetto is first grubbed and then the
We have learned that
we can produce
Wood.In down and removed the
: pines choicer flavor on our sandy!soil pines cut ,
I' In aaswering this very important'ques- than are' brought over from the West stumps being left, as they' rot in a few

tlonk n'ti Fruit Grower sayjat"For: Indies, and that we' can pick them ripe years; and then if the scrub is

t.. iW,.wiwm" ',\thatybu.pruiie .too=: \;; closely. be the a disastrous jam of lOgS creak Increases up. If there the system it' boundto 'is and get them into market with as'tittle light it. i is plowed up with a stoat
Fart growing.varieties likd. Niagara and allowed to remain clogged, and there is.no loss as they can'do there,, picking them .team arid a' newfound plow without
.':S ce oot& shOuld, ,not', be cut back! soelQMly healthy action of thetirer there will be a break while immature. Even in very:bad seasons -
op feve(.&D.d. 1y'du.th. Keep the natural like further grubbing.In ..
; : vapejet! :like, sewage system-of tbe body open with the past,when damaging frosts ,. .
IW wi t'eatn&Mopr .Jf .JOR: ::rout;.back have been prevalent the growers all heavy' hickory and oak scrub
".5 5 the fart growfeg kiH JD severely;, they 6 ECHA'SILLS."d make a ,good living aJd are able:to find and at Jensen' -plillers' are

,..'8Itd/prod_. :wit 'Sf there:.will..be no.W:*tcInpnfrrU quite-.a nic1' Burplasj to Divest In'new now}in use'Which' are* operated by anendless' .
it" j, fields improvements ,
mo re ....... cafeon
w- e 4im j&el
j. a. revolvingmmw&l&rdd.m
\Rcwl'11r0; n t IA We have learned, that .the.better,we
Qf.i be : rice_ treat oiir..plants the, bitter 'they'stand [ the center fiftheiickrtd
,
.
"'i.e- .- J Mew l ca.I Sc.i, t4 l cold'-and' the* '' &) -'
!tktri triiI'WiD'I'I iiKjreBaoaey we getter: ? ffititicd aids dperitefrfcy

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DSC MBBR 31,1891J THE FLORIDA DISPATCH,'FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. 1055 '.

.
1<, ,. .
powerful gearing, turned by mule But in all cases pack tight; that is the "CENT-A-WORD" COLUMN.To FLORIDA

!: power., The cable is provided witha most important to enable them to travel DISPATCH { ;'fBROWEfl
successfully. J. B. THOMAS.. insure insertion in this column, advertisements Jl i
clutch which enables it be
to
patent be the
Covent Garden Market, London. must accompanied by money. t Rf R fARMRSSItIAMCt
,: hooked at any point to a stump or Advertisements must not exceed fifty words. ARSE
Postage received in sawsunarrDMMA&T.MISCHAS.
Stamps payment.
The auction catalogues forwarded by
palmetto ,root and whatever the ob and address
; Count. every. word,including name
Mr. Thomas report the sale of 2,500 pines -...
stacle may be it has to come, so tre, from.St. Michael on October 12 and 14; W. DACOSTA, Publisher.

,mendousis the power when multiplied 5,200 on November 12, 13 and 16, ,and FOR SALE fine. aa 500 it is Tardiff possible trees to,!#grow 2-inch them.stocks soo :;:C
-
by the great leverage of the gearing. 3,000 on November 24. They are all Tardiff trees, i# toiinch stocks very fine trees. Term of Subscription:

: A plan rapidly gaining popularity quoted as being "flat boxes," holding soo trees.Tangerines, itf to tinch stocks; are fine ;I For one year.,'............-.... .._.. ,.. $200 _"

;, is ,to broadcast fine steamed bone on boxes"from seven to ten four apiece,five or in eacti."quarter All soo Niagara vines of my own growing, finer For six months .._....................._ 1 00
holding or .
I' vines than I ever saw. Write for catalogue and
light land or on fields when valuable the,sales' are reported **at per pine" and manual.' JAMES Morr, Orlando, Fla. 12-31-4t Subscription* In all cases cash In ad-

sorts are to be planted and plow it in range from lOd. (about 20 cents) up. to
; vance. .
8s. 6 1. about In the sale November w.W.\ LINTON, Greenville, Madison county,
of
before setting. We have used as < ( $2)) a rice planter and family. it '
12 six pines sold at the remark- Katec of Advertising application. '

high as three tons-per acre with.pleaslag able price of 11s. 6<1. each (about $2.75)). FOR SALE-4.ooo Grape Fruit trees four years REMITTANCE should be made by Check,
results, though one ton is the with extra large roots. In fine conditionto
There were only two to the box hence
set out in grove form. II. GRISWOLD, Winter Postal Note,Money Order or Registered Letter
popular quantity.To they must have been uncommonly large Park, Fla. 12-31-21 ,to order of
sum land with orange sub ones.
up;;
soil nearest the surface is the best anda St. Michael is one of the Azores Islands \//fANTED-TAHITI TREES. Address,and'giving PERSIAN age,size, varietyand LIME FLORIDA DISPATCH AND FARMER c'

growth of hickory is preferable and ) off the coast of Portugal, abouton price, Box lOS, Ocoee; Fla. it_ AND FRUIT GROWER,
the latitude of D. C. It ,
Washington, Jacksonville, Fla.
L all matter must besaved. SALE-Eggs for hatching Langshans and t7
possible vegetable :
FOR
is evident that the
supply it furnishes is
Leghorns,Si per dozen Pekin duck
Spruce pine timber if .heavyis not very great, for it would not seem eggs, 7 for$i. ALBERT FRIES, St. Nicholas, Fla. ,
/ excellent, though the best of these that 2,500 to 3,000 pines per week is a it [NEW SUBSCRIBERS ONLY.] -

contain some hickory undergrowth; very large amount for the huge city of FOR SALE-Sweet cassava seed stalks, $7 per
London.-Ed. feet on board the-cars. CHAS. F. MAY, .
and pines do well on some oak and PSI Eustis Fla. 12-31-21 BIGPremium

palmetto scrubs. Some hammocks
For Abuse of AlcoholUse LET-A furnished cotage. entire or en
TO
free from ,shell will grow them well, suite. Healthful lucationnearstationschool,
Hereford's Acid church, etc. Address BARLOW,Huntington, Fla.12.31.4t -
Phosphate.
but better 'make for
not enough to up Offer I-!

the increased labor caused by the DR. W. E. CRANE, Mitchell, Dak., SALE-Jersey bull, full blood, gentle and- "

increased growth which often .render says:' "It has proven almost a specificfor FOR 2 years past, worth $too;will take 150;
this it checks the vomit- I have two. Orange trees Bronze turkeys. ,2
it almost impossible to get plants disorder Langshan chickens, eggs. W.H. MANN, Mann-
rooted before they are choked with ing, restore the appetite, and, at the ville,Putnam Co.,Fla. 22-17-3t

weeds. Most pine ridges have few some time, allays the fear of impending ,- \\ANTED-Florida land exchange for$l2ooo THE

weed slips and these are easily kept dissolution, that is so common to Address W' equity E.D.in PUTNEY New York,Mt.tityaparment Dora, Fla. house. Js' Xj O R I J> A.

down for the first eighteen months, heavy drinkers. 12-24-21

when the pines take possession of the OWN a home'in Florida where you can raise Dispatch, Farmer and FruitGrowerFor
crops. No cash needed. For partic-
Miss Ida Moore Waukeenah
soil. ulars, address.C. W. BROWN,Huntington, Fla.
About,Biscayne Bay a new departure sent' us Monday a sample of the cas- t2-r4.2t one year and a copy of

is being made. The old sava root, and also a package of the SALE-A fine orange grove. For particulars -

'Conch" (emigrants from, the Bahamas starch made from it.Ve are havingthe nam Co.,,apply Fla. F. REHBEHN' Interlachen 12-24-61, Put- WMtnert Gardening in Florida,

)'have been cultivating the coral starch tested for laundrying pur-
SALE-Choice Paper Shell Pecans, for
rocks of the keys for years and have poses, and we have eaten of the root FOR I have SO to 100 lbs.at soc. per lb. W. ALL FOR $2.OO X

made handsome fortunes sticking pine both raw and baked. The starch A..BOURS,Jacksonville, Fla. ((12-24-51

slips in the holes in the rock made, If makes nice puddings, etc.. and the FOR SALE-Registered Jersey Bull, ten months
Niobe Pogis
Stoke St. Lambert stock
necessary, with a crowbar, the plants root baked like a sweet potato and close up. Price thirty-five dollars. JOHN BRADFORD Whitner's Gardening in Florida is a ,

depending for nourishment entirely served with butter is by no means 'un : ,Bradfordville, Leon Co., Fla. 12-24.2t handsomely printed and bound book of ,. .

upon the rock and the dash of leaf palatable. It seems to us that the FOR SALE-Choice budded orange trees, must 250 pages,being a comprehensive treatise

here and there drifted into the possibilities of Isold to make room; Satsuma, Pineappleand on-the and '
mould cassava are very con. Homosassa. Correspondence solicited. Price, vegetable tropical products of

crevice, there 'being practically no siderable.-Monticello Constitution._ 25C. T. D. WILLIAMS Secretary, Waldo, Fla. Florida, by Prof J. N. Whitner, A. M. '-

soil. The tropical hardwood trees ..* _- 'SALE Handsome branched Kieffer pear This book is much sought after for its .
FOR
which form the timber growth ,die NOTICE OF INSOLVENCY.IN dress J.<<*II., three GIRARDEAU years ,old Monticllo, some,bearing.Fla. Ad- practical information.

when chopped down; and the timberwas 12-IO-6t $2.00 buys the book and oar

simply felled and burned in a COUNTY DUVAL JUDGE'S COUNTY COURT, FLORIDA., !) A FIRST-CLASS fuli-bearin orange grove must paper for one year.
be sold at some price,obliged tq have money
damp time so as not to destroy all the WHEREAS, Chas. W. DaCosta, administrator quick. A great investment. Apply KENNARD'S This is certainty a grand offer. Send
.of Geo.C. Goodrich,deceased, ,
leaf mould. Now the available ter GROVE, Waldo, Fla. 12-J-.t
late[ of the county aforesaid, having filed in the In orders at once.
ritory has been about ,exhausted and office of the County Judge of said county a written SALE-10,000 first-class rand 2-year-old
the old planters who have made suggestion of the insolvency of said estate, FOR and lemon buds. Price 30 to 400. f.o. C. W. DACOSTA, .
notice is hereby given to all having claims
persons b. J.L.DBRIBUX, Lakeland, Fla. 12-3-41 Jacksonville '
fortunes there are either retiring or:' of any nature whatever against said estate,,to file Fla
the same, duly authenticated, in the office of OR SALE-Six thousand budded orange and
moving over to the sandy ,soil on the County Judge of said county on or before the 8th grapefruit trees; fine, staked; suitable for a
main land. This differs from the keys day of April,A. D., 1892.at which time there will shipping. M. D. NORTON,Eustis, Fla. 12-3-41
creditors entitled thereto
be t a pro rata payment to
;; in having more a less silicious sand ,, and the administrator discharged. LECONTE,t,2, Sand 4-YEAR-OLD,KEIF-
above and the rocks in Witness my name as County Judge of said FOR AND GARBER'S. HYBRID PEAR 0 b !
among placeof county, this, j8th day of September, A. D., 1891. i TREES WRITE TO B. W. PARTRIDGE,MON < IOWaZ' k
leaf mould which here has'all been W.B.OWEN.ioi6m County JudgerNotice ; I TICELLO, FLA. ts-26-tf

destroyed by fires. How this :will\ i T APJf Persimmon,choice kinds, Loquat,SatsuJ -
answer a substitute we cannot at I ma Orange trees very cheap. Write for terms.F. .
of Incorporation. .TRUEBLOOD Archer, Fla. n-76-6t Sm .
yet say, but we trust that the, fruit 4v
Notice is hereby given that the undersigned I RITE to W. G.Tilghman, Palatka, Fla., for W a
here will combine the size of
"1 gnjwn persons! have formed a corporation underline his book O ti
particulars regarding on nature'slaw r
''J; ) the rock-grown apples of the keys with,1 general incorporation of this law of the shall State be of Florida\ that controls the sex. It is of great value to d 0 p t
.. The name corporation "Sprague.
stock breeders, for with it can have either
: you !
), the quality and flavor of those Duncan & Hutchinson, Limited. Its principal male or female at will. No humbug,because it
soils. place business, in Florida, shall be in Jacksonville be had to be paid for when are satisfiedas Q
grown on our deep sandy ,Duval county Florida.. It shall also have can to its merits. you N -
PSI places of business in New York City and else- 11.19totTOREIGN
where in the United States and abroad. The ,
The London Market for Florida general nature of the business to be transactedis GRAPEVINES-Of bed-:earliest and V ww
varieties, selected by 10 years'eXperience (, oD
electrical engineering the *
consulting ; promotion
h Pines.Bditor.Farmer in Florida. Chasselas Luttichau, Madeleine
-
construction, purchase,saleeta
management a
'
Blue and others. Send for circular. H.
and Fn Grower; of electrical undertakings and securities ofall Earletoh ;:""JJtt
VON LUTTICHAU, Fla. 11-12-301
kinds,and such other business as may be inddental -
In reply*to favor of the 14th inst.
your thereto. The amount of the capital
4 .sead you by this mail some catalogues stock authorized is $SOooo in soo shares of Jioo 17AKI(JAPAN PERSu.nIONr-sooo ;::.-;
conditions which it JV Hyakume. Yemen and Zing trees, 3 'to 6
showing what St. Michael pineapples each. The terms and upon
is to be paid in shall be call of the directors. feet high. Also 3,000 of fine variety not yet
'
are realizing here. The largest'quanti- This corporation shall upon commence at once, and named by the Department of Agriculture. Local CONSUMPTION.IhiTeapaatireremediar '
ties arrive from now'till the end of May. terminate on the ist day A.''D. 1925. The names: .Sanford's.Imperial,Triumph,etc. Trees ,
shall 2 to 3 feet.; All for sale cheap. J. R. Mclavm' .
The of conducted
business the
only chance for pines to arrive here company by a .
Gainesville, Fla. it 5-iot the above* by rte
from Florida' board of four directors, who shall be elected at ;
would be from to the
July use thousands of cases of the worst kind and of
the annual meeting of the stockholders, which PERSIMMONS, Plums, Mammoth long
sad of November; the quantities coming shall be held at such time as the by-laws may JAPANESE,Japan Walnuts,hardy orange V n- atandnic: hare been cored. Indeed so strong Is mj faith ,
from St.Michael are not so large during provide.; The highest amount of indebtedness to .bin. Also ornamental stock rare bulbs seeds, In its efficacy.that will send TWO BOTTLES ran,with
those i&pBthg. which the corporation can at any time subject etc. Olive, fig trees'and grapevines., Goods sent a:VALUABLE TREATISE on this disease to any..,. s
Pack itself is, one,million dollars. The undersigned Freight, Express or maiL ferer who will send m.their Exprera and P,o.a.cWn-
in
boxes with Indian corn leaves, shall compose its first Board of Directors, who Sentry our new, finely illustrated catalogue. T. A.' Slocnm, M..C., 183 Pearl St.,.X. y:. '
thoroughly dry and light, from six to shall serve until their successors are elected. .
twelve ptaea IB each if choice large FRAXK J.SPRAOUE, H. :H. BERGER & CO., hand I
Louis DUNCAN, SALE-One second Washisgtoo
pinoo;or to 1 barrels,.if common, sorts, the ALFRED BISHOP MASON. .San, ,FranciscoCal.Established .' FOR Press for sale, cheap. .at',tbfe:: ofiee
same as is grown; fe the West Indies. ia-i7-5t': CARYT. HUTCHIWSOW. ', is. 7s.: Write for mrticuUrI -
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_ : ::f)05G.? : :':" {t< \THE FLORIDA 'DISPATCH, FARMER ,AND FRUIT-GROWER. (DECEMBER 31, ]891f !


.: -
(:1 CONTENTS. The ,Perfect Fertilizer. Massachusetts Plowman says good to our business capacity;
and
'
make new valuable acquaintancesand
r : '., ----- >Our Northern farm exchanges are swamp muck is worth more than.. widen your. business and social
-
.;, GBOTK AID Bed OBCBAKD Bur Grafting Plea'the for Pecan Time; The; The Kief-'Orange telling, of their big barnyards full of stable manure, load for load, to be horizon.

"> Keep ttfr Pear Oat dealer;The Louisiana O Orange:PbOllPhatesPot--Crop: 1061 manure and their rich black prairieswith ,. hauled and spread upon the land. As this letter will reach the eyes of
..w aad Nitrates-Is Acid treatment Needed? many who have not connected them-
Ktertda Where to Locate. .'..In 'Florida. .; 'The..Cltrou'. In 10S( wagons bogged down to the hubs This may be open to question, bu selves with this society, let me say to
;
Howl Renewed an>Old Grove; Pirns' Summer in the road-a sheer waste and prodigality whether true in Florida or not, the the friends on the West Coast, come over
Orange;Foot-Rot Skips the Sour Stock;Pruning to the meeting on this side of the State,
Orange Trees Before Planting; Pear of richness. Florida her
Wfeht; '.UBS kept stable manure_ is not to be had and the take a look at our country, see ourgroves

Tax 'VncYARD-Grafting{ The Scurpernong, stalled oxen some thousands of years muck is. become acquainted with our people -
Grape Why Do Grape Vines Run to Wood;
; and learn the value of
true
'S ; ,. Grape Pruning In the Fall;Spanish Moss as a in the of of a membership -
5 Pest j '. 1054 ago shape myriads sea- It is ,often charged that drained in the society and then invite

: Tai River POTEBT. No-The t;Pineapple Pineapple Culture Industry-'No.on 1;Indian. 1064( birds and fish and strange_creatures, swamps in-this State have no dura- the organization to meet on. your side of
The London Market for Florida Pines; 106 the State, and see how glad the Eastern
.. whose bones and flesh were long ago but out under few
Korroaut/ -Notes; Index for 1891 The Perfect bility give a years' members will be to come over there and

;' Fertilizer est Members swamps of and the Florida Flatwoods Horticultural; Of Inter digested, condensed and..sealed up in steady cropping. This is doubtlessdue strengthen the bond of friendship be-
;' Society Ad rice to Adrertlsers; 10M< tween the two sections through an increased -
k S MARKETS-For Florida Produce: .. .105"? the phosphate pits. But nature seldom to the lack of potash which is acquaintance with you and your

I .', Tomatoes Meal; all Summer. Cotton. Seed. Hulls. and. 1051JTAB.KEK < fS creates a perfect .fertilizer; she placesone universal in the sandy soils of Florida. country. A large increase in our mem-

Wonders of Bacteria bership through the affiliation of you
; AVD TRUCKER-Tbe : element here and another
.; "He Does not Work It Rljcbt That "Pip; yonder; The soil of a swamp can not be expected horticulturists would broaden and deepenthe
i Cassava Culture Best Hand Tools 1068Planet
Culture of Cantaloupe1; ; Early Potatoes; ; and man or his domestic animals must to have any elements except practical value of the society. We
Jr.Hill Dropper and Fertilizer plstrlbutor;106! need the society needs horti-
you, every
o ioco-Selct1on Best Adapted; of.Seed;. The Kind.,of Land. 10H combine them into_ the complete those of the surrounding country culturist of the State, but you need the

OUR TonG FOLKS-A Southern Story f To Ward formula. from which it was obtained. A benefits of the society more. There are
off the Dog .. 10GC many things that we as fruit-growers
,i' The Florida phosphates ought to be is of
: simply a deposit countless
.
.
STATS NKWS-Notes- ioec swamp want and should have. If we pull to-

OUR Orange RURAL County HOME-A Enterprise Rererr;Beaten. Biscuit. 106C retained in the State for use duringthe generations of.grass and forest leaves gether through this organization we can

Cure for Ciamps-Nux Vomlca for Hens; thousand but the exerj, through that unity, our full
next avar
condensed and for man'sfuture
Whole Wheat 1061 years, canned
;How to Read tbe Tongue; up strength and accomplish at an early date

Tae"A FABKCRA Lesson In ALLIAXCT It.-" .- Mobility.of Wtalth10th ice of man will scatter them: over the use. what must. otherwise come after long

A on Painful Cbe Alliance Lack of; Business. hI bita. ; Mr.' .Dixon,.1063 globe. The muck and the cotton -P._. years of disheartening delay.

S seed meal we have, yielding nitrogen, Of Interest to Members of the Flor- DUDLEY W.ADAMS, President.
STEPHEN POWERS, Editor. 1'V.. S. HART, Secretary.
.
ida Horticultural
Society.
also the lime and the magnesia and 1
O.Address- Fla.
P. awtey,
To the above would add
we ,editorially,
The Secretary of the Florida Horticul-
the carbon but the potash of price
; has I cordial invitation to Middle and West
tural issued the
The annual catalogue of the American less value to the fruit-grower, we address Society which will be of interest followiug to the !I Florida to participate in this meeting.

.: Exotic Nurseries, Seven Oaks, must purchase. We shall have to members of the society: I. '

w Florida, and, Patuca, Honduras,*,R. send phosphate to Germany and giveit "As I find your name in the list of unpaid Advice to Advertisers.
members, on the books of the Flor-
.,'- D..' .Hoyt, manager, is on, our. desk. in exchange for her potash. ida State Horticultural Society, I beg: to Our eminent contemporary, the

'. It contains 88 pages or descriptive The hammock and the sea coast are call your attention to the matter and to I Country Gentleman, quotes. the following -
state a few facts in connection that may l sensible remarks from Print-
S text, copiously illustrated, ,and the probably not the home of the, future prove of interest to you. } ,

whole elegantly. .printed-a very'creditable ideal orange; they give us a fruit The Florida State Horticultural Society .i ers' Ink, with a few words of'approval

work. which demands the services of the though one of the youngest, is preceding:
.
_, strides
making rapid towards the front
The ultimate rank the kindred State societiesof We are inclined to place the chief emphasis
Messsrs.' L. L. May & Co., of St. refrigerator. ,orange among ,
his advice advertisers
this country, and its next annual on to to select -
Paul Minnesota issue in will be found on sandy lands with the agricultural papers 6f self-evident
sumptuous meeting promises to be one of more than
; style a voluminous catalogue of seeds perfect fertilizer: which will impart to ordinary interest to all cultivators of the ability and influence, in preference to
; those which forth the claimsas
greatest
soil and especially to the fruit put
-_, M gahd plants. They claim that many of it at the same time bouquet,and carry- of this State. growers) to circulation simply:

: f these, on account of'their; extreme ing qualities.\ One of its special features will be a "There are probably less advertisers
l' :"- day set apart for the consideration of that pass intelligently on the merits of
'northern origin, are best adapted for
Swamps'and Flatwoods. tools, materials and appliances for hand- agricultural\ rs than on other medi-

y the growers' of early produce in 'Flor- The brilliant but eccentric authorof ling the crops and putting them on the ums. This is because they know less
about farmers and than about
ida. market. There will be an exhibit and farming
,, i the much quoted! remark as to the practical competitive tests of all the other people and pursuits. The man who
talks about a Wyandotte cow is scarcely
:. In the death -of G, S. Palmer the.k "harmless amusement" of handling latest improvements in these lines. We
to the merits of
prepared on an
also hope to have some of the largest pass agricultural -
.k ':. well-known commission merchant of muck, in his latest utterances shows handlers of fruit at our meeting to giveus paper. No other medium has

'f. New ,York, Florida loses a good that time has changed his views 'on most information approved styles as to the of preparing latest,'best fruit and increased tiser within so much the last in value six or to seven the adver-yearsas

3' friend. The Fruit Trade Journal pays this subject somewhat. The pioneers for market.No the live, progressive farm paper; noother"people

:- a high tribute to his sterling integrity ,avoided the flatwoods as a rule ,and progressive horticulturists, who in ress in the same have length made of so time much as prog-have

: "and his unostentatious Christian char swamps they steered wide of, but the tend to keep up with the times can af- the farmers. From sneering at 'book
:.4, ford to stay away. A single idea may Farmin' and discussions have
they
'+ ..acter. sentiment of the State is turning that save him many dollars in single season. paper
become intelligent students of farm
.
At this meeting there will be
S '. Mr. ,v. H. Mann, pf Mannville, has way now more and more. They say enough such valuable ideas brought out economy, and the 'agricultural in paper
that earns a their
permanent
in Texas "There is nothing like for member to get one or place
every many.
i issued a call to his brother nurserymen homes must. understand their conditionand
leather." In Florida there is nothing The choice of location for our meeting be in sympathy with their wants.It .
urging upon them the,proprietyand is a most happy one. Ormond is one of must not'only the national
like, water. the of the East Coast and her support
gems people
the necessity of beginning at once economic measures that are in their interest
In the of the rains are noted for their public spirit, en- ,
course ages washed but treat brightly and Intelligently -
to prepare'some choice( trees and terprise and hospitality. The meetingwill '

t plants to be exhibited at the World'sFair away t decayed vegetation, the fertility be held upon the peninsula onlya of the modern practical farm and economy.scientific Such progress a-

-; 'which the lands few steps from,either the river or the
R in Chic.ago.Ve intended to high preparedfor paper becomes the Bible of agricultureIn
+ ocean.I
themselves into the the farm home, and as essential as
.. :. give his address ,entire: last week, 'but 'swamps, trust that you will carefully consider brooms and hay forks. Advertisers need
it thereby robbing them; and that is these and the many other inducements not concern themselves about the 'stated'
:1. was unavoidably'crowded\ out. and realize the of with
S where one must to this profit meeting us circulation of such mediums. But, unfortunately -
go recover
:_ PSI .becoming one of us. If you will few of the agricultural papers -
.! : Index' For 1891. lost and it back. forward dues at
fertility bring The your once your membership are up to the standard. Boiler plate

: As soon( as we'can get through the gilt-edge orange-grower, with his certificate may be forwarded to and second-hand matter dished up
.' you in ,good time to secure for you all pretty lively in some of them, and what
ft:.rush.and confusion of the transfer to costly fertilizer, must not sneer at the be reduced rates of travel, hotels, etc.Do they don't know about farming i is the

shall muck not forget that each gentleman member one thing they are conspicuous for.
;our new quarters we print a topi patient digger. The sandy pine
is not'onl1 allowed, but by vote requested These 'stated' and
give 'guaranteed'circulation
,;,(
,"a copy will, be mailed to every sub oranges; the hammocks, the swamps, him to the meeting, and that the Secre- :,I when you figure up on 'a quarter of a
will forward certificate that will
tary cent thousand' basis
; a propositionis
scriber who has preserved a file ,of the flatwoods for the cereals, the forage without fee, give them reduced rates not seriously refused.tour

the paper and will notify the editor, by crops and the vegetables. and all the privileges of membership, .
except that of voting. Take your wife
,. postal J to Lawtey. There is no use in In rocky and worn-out New England and your sister or your cousin and your The editors of the Orange County

: printing hundreds of .copies for those the farmers are turning to their: aunt and come to the coast for a breathof Reporter had a crate of strawberries en
salt air to strengthen your lungs for Christmas, the giftof Messrs. Chubb: &
who do ,not preserve their,papers.. swamps for a new lease of life. The new ideas in your chosen pursuit Ward, of Winter Park. .

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i 'DECEMBER:31,} 91THE.FL9RIDA] DISPATCH, FARMER AND. FRUIT-GROWER.. 1057,

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1.i AUCTION SALES OF FRUIT.E. heavy, you will see extreme low price on which I proposed to plant straw-

s. ]J'aiiIces.'/ during January. Oranges arriving in berries I had the vines in
1: .L.GoodsellNew;York, Dec.2J: Tan- to pull up
.
f... ...,...;",- .....,... gerines,halves, $l.OO to 2.30; boxes, $2.75to market bad condition in could time not have for during struck the tile October although they were still growing .
2.80; Mandarins, halves, .60 to $1.20; a worse and and loaded with .
r. JACKSONVILLE, Dec. 30. Navels, $1.55 to 3.00; fancy,$1.45 to 1.75; holiday trade people are particular blooming
Could I have allowed them to -
anxious.to have sound fruit. Not havingthe. fruit. .
.. FRUT AND VEGETABLES. bright, $1.25 to 2.05; russet, .25.to $1.80;
, '
time .repack and fruit arrivingas remain I believe they would have .
.. (Corrected week by.MxBros.l J grape fruit, $1.50 to $1.90; barrels, $1.75to ,
.. every Extra 'choicer 4.25. it has been, is not only a serious loss been vigorous and prolific up to this .
'These are average quotations.
lots fetch prices above top quotations, while poor Same, Dec. .23: Tangerines, halves, to shippers, but has caused much dissatisfactIon time.and until they might be killed by -
with the the trade in
1 general
$1.35 to 2.00: Manderins, halves, .50 to< '
f lots sell lower.Oranges frost.
$1.10 boxes .90 to $1.15 $1.101 here and inconvenienced them in manyways. ; ,
fancy
...... to ; ; ,
bright. r.I 25 J.75
ii-r ** russet....i.*.............. .... 1.00 to 1.25 1.80; bright, .50 to 1.85; russet. .80 to Our quotations are for jsound or The good effects upon the soil or- ,
a 'LemonaFla...................-......'.. 2.00 to 3,0 $1.70;. grape fruit, .25 to $1.70; Navels,. reasonably sound stock, and that show- this treatment are shown by the strawberries :
Messina............ .....*.. .3.50104.0 ing waste is sold .according to its value.
Limes, 100............................... .50 $1.50; bright, russet, unwrapped, $1.45. which are very healthy and! _
:' Grape fruit, barrel..................... 2.00102.5 Sgobel & Day, New York, Dec. 21: We quote: Oranges, fancy bright, and loaded with
Ioooi' box.....*.................. 125: to I.SO Tangerines, halves, $1.00 to 2.10; Man- straight lines, $1.90 to 2.00, with occa- vigorous heavily .
r' Pineapples, crate.................. .... 4.0 sional lots of selected counts, $2.25: bloom and fruit. ,- :
, Bananas,.bunch..............:....... 1.25101.7, darins, halves, .80 to $1.20; fancv, $1.60to :
r t Apples, barrel......................... 2.SO to 3.00 $2.50; bright, $1.15 to 2.00msset; choice brights, straight lines, $1.70 to< Doubtless it would have been much .
Grapes, Malaga, keg .........,...:... 6.00 to 6.50 $1.25 to $1.50.H. 1.85; ordinary,$1.50 to 1.65; fancy russets better if I. had had an outlet to my
"_' Catawba, basket.............. .31 straight lines, $1.75 to 1.85 ordinary -
, Cranberries, crate .................... 2.75; Harris & Co., Boston, Dec. 18: Tan- ; brush drain,and I propose to arrange ,
Lemons
Potatoes, Irish barrel..........<..... 2.00 to 2.25; gerines, halves, .75 to $2.25;; fancy to choice1.50 to 1.70. I this little bit of
" ".. sweet bushel............;.. .51 Mandarins halves $2.12; Navels, $1.87; strictly fancy bright. $3.00 to 3.50; ordi- next season. give
N.Y. cabbage,each....... ............ .08) brights $1.62 to 2.37. nary, $2.00 to 2.50; russets,. $1.00to 1.50. experience to emphasize your editorial
,
Florida cabbage...........;........:. .o6 to 01It" box demand 4
Fruit to 2.50
Onions,yellow, barrel........:......:3.00 to3.2S; Same, Dec. 22: Tangerines, halves, Grape, $2.00 per suggestion and to encourage those .
red.,..... .,... ....... ...... : 3.25; .72 to $2.25; boxes, $3.25; Mandarins,, good. Tangerines, large size, ((200to who have been unable to grow toma-
;, crate.......i.t.. ....... x.ot halves .50 to lemons 3.12 300)) fancy, per box, $4.00 to 4.50; I
$1.75 $1.80 to
' Turnips, barrel..................;..... .a.ex ;' :; small sizes, $2.00 to 3.00. Mandarins, toes during the heat of summer. '
Beets.If .,.....v.......... ......... 2.25 grape fruit, $1.12 to 2.00; fancy, $1.00 to SHERMAN ADAMS. .
i Carrots.I' ...... ............-...... 2.50 2.12; Navels, $3.37; russet Navels, .50 to $2.00 to 2.50. Egg Plants, choice, per ,
Parsnips, ........................: 2.50 $2.37; bright, .50 to'$2.37; russet, .50 to bbl., $7.00 to 10.00. Cucumbers, choice, Gabriella, Fla., Dee 18. 1891. .
.-. Radishes, dozen...o.. ................ .40 crate $2.75 to 3.50. String Beans, .
. Okra, peckCucumbers .........*............"...... .33 i $2.00>; Satsumas, :87 to $1.37. per '
,dozen.................... .40 Barnett Bros., Chicago, Dec.. 21, C. F. green, $1.75 to 2.50; wax, $1.00 to 2.00; Cotton Seed Hulls and Meal. '
": Celery ........ ............... ,5010.60Eggplants T. car 13,094: }Mandarins halves refugees, $1.00 to 1.50. Ripe Tomatoes,
' barreL..............*...... 2.50 crate, $2.50 to 3.50. Squash,$1.50 tc. A Bulletin of the Tennessee Experi- .
Beanscrate ......................>..... 1.50 $1.70;'brights, $1.25'to 1.65; russets, .60 .per... Green Peas crate $2.50 to ment Station by W. E. Stone, chem-" |
,
,
t New Irish Potatoes,crate.........:_;.....1.50 to 175 to $1.75. per
Peascrate...... ........u:............ 1.25 Same, Dec. 22: C. F. T. car 13,164 3.50. REDFIELD.. & SON. ist, calls attention to some of the practical -
.I -
POULTRY AND EGGS. (this car heated and in bad condition): as well as scientific features con- i
Tomatoes All .Summer.
t Hens.......* ........................:.$ .35 to .40 Tangerines,, halves, 2.05 to 2.80; Man- nected with the use of cotton seed 1
Roosters................ ............. .30 to .35 darins, balves,\.95 to $1.75 bright, $1.25 Editor.Farmer and Fruit-Grower
: Broilers..................... ..... 25 to .30 ; Some time last spring, if I rightly hulls and meal as a stock food. The
Turkeys.....................:....... 1.00 to 1.25 to 2.20; russet, $1.15 to 2.00; grape fruit, editorially investigation of Prof. Stone this ..
f" Ducks.............................!": ..5 to '.60 $2.05. remember, you gave instructions upon
" Geese.............. .... ...,........... .SO to_ ,.75 I,. Connolly & Co., Liverpool l,ex "'Visoonsin" how to have tomatoes all most important subject seem to justifythe 1
.v ... ... ...............
Kg-gS........... .. .27 and "Brittanic; Dec. 9, for through the hot summer. The important following conclusions: -

FERTILIZER MATERIALS.: Orange and Vegetable Auction Com- point was to put a drain a foot I. The practice of feeding cotton .

[Corrected every week by the Paine Fertilizer pany: 2s. to 12s., average about 8s.,.6d.; seed hulls and meal as an exclusive .-:
and half feet below the
a or-two surface -
Company.] 61 boxes>> wasty,15 boxes no paper. f
Ten Same for same, Dec. 7: Is. 9d. to 11s. and plant the tomatoes above the diet is well established, and increasing .

.+H Blood and Bone,. ammo 7-8*, bone Ton. Tons. 3d., average about 8s.; 65 boxes wasty, drain. in the vicinity of the cotton seed
f
phosphate 25-35*......*..........$27 SO' $26 SO 8 boxes no paper- It not being convenient for me,to oil industry. All the information ,
Bone raw ground, b. p.50-fajt...... 32 00 30 75 Same for Dec. 4 2s. 6d to 12s.
same, : -
t Bone, steamed b. p. 50-60:. .,,.i. 31 50 30 50 put in a' drain with an outlet, as I available indicates that the practice is. /
,;} Sulphate Potash, 48-52*............ 32 oo 30 75 average about 9s.; 7 boxes wasty, 5 economical and
'Sulphate Potash 90-94*....,.. .... 51 50 49 75 boxes no paper. made my tomato row at right anglesto profitable.
KaInit, 23 26*....................... 16 50 15 75 Most of these oranges have no names the slope of the garden, .I deter- 2. It seem in no way harmful to -
t.f Add Phosphate, 13-16*...........,. 17 25 16 50
Nitrate Soda,am I$,.......*.....It 54 oo 52 50 attached. We give some lots asnamed mined to try a modification of your the health of the animal l nor to the -
Canada Ashes....................... 1900 1850 and described in the catalogue: S. Tyre, I a ditch where the row healthfulness' of the products (beef '
Soft Phosphate,gdb.p.65-70*..... 9 00 8,SOi 4 bright 176, 11s.9d.; M. V. Futterell,6shoice plan. dug : '
Soft Phosphate,gr'd,at mine,in bags, bright 176 lls. 9d. A. S. Mann was to be, two feet wide and two feet and milk) resulting. .
,
t' .. ;
"4 Soft$Phosphates I soatonle.,"floats," *b.p.. xo 50 10 oo 6 bright 200-250, lls. 3d.; S. Tyre, 8 deep, went into the woods close by 3. The diet seems adapted both to

Dried BloOd.am., 16*............... 46 00 44 00 bright russet 200, 8s. 3d.; E. Johns, 2 by and cut a sufficient quantity of the the production of beef and mutton as
.......
Cottonseed Meal, new stock. 24 50 23
t' 75 russet 146-200, 6s.; S. Ferris, 7 choice small scrub and running oak bushes, well as milk.

bright 150-196, 10s.; C. F. Hale, 6 bright The ration should con
t- with which the ground is coverednone 4. average
FRUIT EXCHANGE BULLETIN. 126-176,8s.; C. F. Hale, 9 golden russet :
of them more than an inch in sist of twenty five to thirty-five poundsof ..
112-216, 6s. 6d.; C. F. Hale, 23 bright
,JACKSONVlLLE.Dec.29. .
t: 176-200, 12s.; M. M. Lindley, 10 russet diameter-and filled the ditch with hulls, and five to eight pounds .of : .
The situation has that
i; today nothing L28-176 9s. 6d. A. S. Stibbins 14 meal daily. ,
we can consider particularly ; bright the bushes, the larger at the bottom. I

:- ing. Prices are unsteady. All encourag-points 260-225(warty), Is. 9d. I[ was careful to lay them straight and 5. The hulls are a cheap and ef. -
Out of total of 2,326 boxes sold
: report receipts: in very poor condition. the three& 133 on lap them regularly so as to make them fective substitute for hay. .

l. Shipments have been quite heavy. as; wasty.days only were catalogued as compact as possible. On this I 6., The manure produced by this ".

Sales since last report show prices of is important-
feeding an
a good quantity of leaves and system
put
.
ranging from 75 cents to $2.95, the average -
,
LIVERPOOL Dec. 16. factor in its ; 1
considering profitableness.
being about $1.65. grass, and treading them down firmly _
t We cannot offer any definite suggestions We confirm ours of 9th inst. and now until the ditch was half full. On this i S4
'
.' as to future prospects.The beg to advise you that at the auction today I[ put about six inches of the dirt that The pineapples are looking remarkably :
r. shipments,have fallen off during ; only 300 or 400 boxes of Florida cringes well on the river. Our planters planted '
I[ had thrown out. On this I sprinkled -
r the past. few days,and as the holiday sup- were offered and sold from 10s. 9d. out last summer a large amount of ..
, ply apparently exceeded the demand to to lls. 3d.; 17,300 cases of Valencias were a good supply of commercial fertilizer plants. The crop.has been doubled every

some extent, we naturally look for slow also offered selling as follows: 420s, 10s. hoeing and raking it in until I. year, but plants are still in great de-

demand for a few days. to 13s.;large, 714s, 12s. to 13s. 6d.; large, had it well mixed with the dirt. I mand and our planters intend to get. ,

We hope to be in a position by the L20s, 18s. 6<1. to 19s. 3d. then; scattered fertilizer liberally over next summer a supply of plants from.
time the next bulletin is issued to offer There are about 100,000 cases of Va- the; keys. The crop of will be a '
some tangible suggestions. lencias afloat for Livetp00LL. the dirt thrown from the ditch and large one. ..Mr. O. K. Wood alone is

Prices now rule low and we cannot CONNOLLY & Co worked it in. I then put a few inches supPosed to ship 1,000 crates. Taking s;

.. advise immediate shipmQnt. of the dirt in the ditch, sprinkled on thIS; as an average, from the number of .
PHILADELPHIA, Dec. 26. plants planted on the river that will
little fertilizer and ?
a i more kept repeating -
NEW YORK, Dec. 30. Our market remains in about.the same the three four bear next summer, there will be on the .
condition as last reported, the receipts up process every or river at least from 8,000 to 12,000 crates,
Special to FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER: inches until all the dirt had been '
re-
to within two days of Christmas was and Mr. Kitchingexpects to realize from

L Shipments arriving in poor order. closely cleaned up, although prices on placed. This made a mound about afoot his Egyptian Queens, one acre in, all, at

Market firm, good demand for sound. much of the fruit was low, owing to above the level of the ground. A least $2,500, and from the looks we have w
fruit; Brights $1.80 to $2.20 having arrived here in bad condition. no doubt that. that will be a low esti- ,
E. L. GOODSELL.BOSTONDec. few days after I made holes three feet S
Nearly all the arrivals during the past mate. :
inches .
two; weeks have been more or'less de- apart and about eighteen deep --

.,30. cayed, and some lots hardly paying ex- and set the tomato plants. As they Another industry comes to the front

.Special to FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER: f transportation. We have also grew; I gradually filled the holes, a for Florida-that of canning terrapin.

At to-day's sale prices ran from 40 had very bad weather at this end, which little each week.It Car! loads'of them are being carried from '3

cents to $2.25. Demand good but fruit has greatly affected the retail and jobbing Lake Iamonia,in Leon county, to Savannah -
is considerable trouble
arming in very bad order.SNOW trade. A considerable of the fruit to prepare Georgiar for the purpose of being
& Co. intended for the Christmas trade has just ground; in this way, but I am well satisfied canned.. It is said that the flavor of.

.- arrived and the receipts at this writing with the results. The vines hem'is excellent, and that when properly ';.

CHICAGO, Dec. 30. are heavy, but if all shipments will nbw grow very vigorously and yield immense put> up they find ready sale. Very soon !

<-. Special to'FARMcR AND FRUIT GROWER: stop until the different markets become quantities of fruit throughoutthe we expect to give notice of the next (

Brights average.$8.10; Russets $1.90; cleaned up and in a healthy condition, natural industry for our grand State. ,t
N. Tangerines, t6.00' per case. you will find it to your advantage; on whole summer. As the ground Great is Florida and her wonderful resources ,

[ M.GBOEQE&CO.> the other hand should receipts continue .they occupied was a portion of a plot I-St., Francis f.
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.. ._ THE FLORIDA DISPATCH,, FARMER AND'FRUIT-GROWER. |DECEMBER? 3i.1891


g i 1dElJiJl: ''I'RUI' i A
,.. but malaria, certainly he does not workit with. it, will soon find the best .
modes of
PLANTS CANNOT AGAIN FEED UPON right but the doctors don't grumbleif using it.
,
The Wonders of Bacteria 3. How to use it for cows, hogs, ami
.
.
ANIMAL OR VEGETABLE MATTER they are paid. I know of no better poultry. I dig or rather pull up the roots
Dr. Conn's lecture bacteria
on wasa to keep down malaria and conquer for and If
way : cons, hogs poultry. hogs are
continuation of the subject as treated till it has been decomposed by bacteria, biliousness than to eat a pintof I turned onto it, they displace more than

by. him on previous occasions. He which produce carbonic acid. Bac- ripe figs morning before they eat, and a few days after exposurein
said that most persons associate bacteria teria also change nitrogenous sub- every the open air it will spoil. You must
breakfast The is
next best to
with disease and so this great family stances into nitrates, the last,, productof way use it within four or five days after extracting -
l' eat a half dozen dried figs. Try it, the roots. I break or chip it up
in When decomposition. Raw is
is bad
of
plants odor. manure
mothers; see if it don't agree with for cows after washing or brushing it
bacteria; were, first discovered they not plant food; its compounds are too children better to dose them clean; but if for horses or mules,cleanse
were chiefly studied by doctors( in complex for plants, but bacteria your with than with Tutts' the roots and feed them whole, from ten
figs pills or
them them any to twelve pounds after they become accustomed -
connection with diseases, so many change over, pull to pieces
other in
pills fact. Some
people to it. At least one-third
and render them available. Cultiva- graincan
,: have come to associate them with dis-
; ., here say the climate does not agree be substituted by it, and another
., ease-wholly.. There are good breedsof tion helps bacteria to do their, work third sweet if
with them. They do not work it right. by cane, you can raise it;
bacteria and farmers ought to recognize in, rendering complex substances They don't with the climate.A on which feed stock will not only live
f their friends if they are small. available for plant food. This is the agree but thrive the year round and do all the
slight difference in diet is
secret of perpetual youth in nature. necessary work you should expect. Sweet cane, I
Yeast plants are not, strictly speak between the inhabitants of Florida
satisfied after
am fully feeding on It for
This has been discovered within
? ing, bacteria but are closely related a and Labrador. In conclusion f will three years, winter and summer, will always -
? to them. Yeasts are plants that work short time, and we have much more to not say that the farmer or gardener or be relished by horses and cattle,

... in sugar converting it'into alcohol and learn. We are sending material off planter who lives in Florida and does and will serve every purpose disten-
carbonic acid It is this that into the ocean through the city sewers sion, and will keep the stomach and bow-
gas. gas not subscribe for the "FARMER
AND els in the best 'possible condition,
that remain the land and scour-
ought to on i
makes holes.in dough and renders the FRUIT GROWER" .does not work'it ing all other vile particles from the inner
; l bread> light. \Vine and beer makersuse be worked over into plant food by I I right, as that is a self-evident fact. surface of the bowels and dislodging all

yeast in the manufacture of their bacteria. M. CHESEBRO. such deposits.For .
wares. Sweet ensilage depends upon Unless! men learn how to obtain Mandarin, Flar fowls throw a few roots each day
.. into the yard and will
S.That -- they laugh so
bacteria for its correct evolution. In NITROGEN FOR PLANTS
} much and fat in
"Pip." grow so a few weeks,
milk bacteria are usually a nuisance, from the air the supply must diminish that you can sell your lard.I .
,but in butter and cheese making they through sewerage waste, but if bac- Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower have often thought that sweet cane

are essential.BACTERIA.. teria can be set to work in this direc- In the issue of the Agriculturist for should be associated with cassava, as
December 16th I notice that the two could be made more profitable
give
CAUSE CREAM TO RIPEN tion the problem may be less difficult. you in
the localities that will profit
and aid the churning process, beside It has. been recently discovered that your view of what the "pip" on a ably produce them than any other two

p giving the butter, its peculiar aroma leguminous plants, as the pea and young fowl is, in these words: "The productions I have any knowledge of. I

and flavor. The germs multiply with clover, get some of their nitrogenfrom 'pip,' as it is called, is the unhardenedtip have remarked in some of my former ar-
of the beak. If let alone it hard- ticles that I believed the cassava
exceeding rapidity in cream, 6000 livedin the air, and it is believed that plant
could be made in
profitable
hours and if churned the ens into so much of the beak, com- any locality
24 not at bacterial action in the form of root where sugar cane could, and I have no
proper time the cream would be tubercles is the cause. It is quite cer- pleting its symmetry. Tearing it off cause on more mature reflection to

ruined. tain that without bacteria plant ,and reduces the beak so much, causing change my opinion.

Finished butter has few or no bac- animal life would become extinct. deformity." Cassava roots will never cease growing,

... teria. Some are washed' out in the Professor Brewer said that the The fact is, the "pip" on a chick's the even sand in mid-winter hills of South, in many Florida.,localities I assert In

.buttermilk and some are killed by the time is coming when farmers will beak is a small hard speck, which is this from experience, as I have an old

salt They are of no account in,butter know bacteria as they now know or- just exactly what its name indicates, stock now decaying in my patch which
but of great use in cream and in cheese. dinary farm crops Tobacco is rip- being .the part of the beak which would have been four years old from

-- Cheese curd is flat in taste but when ened, sweated, by bacterial influenceand comes in contact with the shell of the planting in January, 1892,had we.not unfortunately .
cut the surfaces of
ripened acquires the cheese taste. he had little doubt that. certain egg, and breaks the way out. Having some of its roots in weeding upper ,around it,
S This is due to the action of bacteria. well known species of bacteria .might served its purpose it then drops off, from which rot set in and killed it. In

the process be continued too._long be imported that if set at work on the and often does so before the chick the same inclosure I have sugar cane .
the cheese becomes strong and finally Connecticut seed leaf would render it leaves the nest. Its removal doesn't nearly four years old, that is, the stubble,

I ,decays. Perfect ripening depends i' equal to the best Cuban. It ,is the affect the fowl's appearance nor which stalk has or'never blade.been Some touched of the by present frostin

upon a good selection bacteria and best, mechanically, now.-New Eng- health, and gives about the same growth will soon have plumes.

: limitation of action. Different kinds land Farmer. amount of pain as clipping the end ofa The time is near by that cassava shouldbe

of cheese have different kinds of bac- -. feather. A. C. TURNER. planted especially in South Florida,

teria, and for certain kinds certain "He Does Not Work It Right Clear Water Harbor, Fla.Cassava and I will say for the encouragement- of
: kinds of bacteria are essential. Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: -- those who wish to plant, that my son, J.
W. Carson, has ma witha
We have learned how I have little book written Culture. arrangements
; to procure a by Noah Editor Farmer and FruitGrower.It gentleman near Ft. Meade who is ableto
z: and plant yeast-germs in dough and Webster and printed in 1803, in.which to me that furnish a few thousand sticks to sup-
occurs a sufficiency
k beer, arid will soon learn how to plant the writer takes the above quotationfor already stands to record somewhere on ply a small demand at least. Let such

.bacteria in cheese curd. There are his text. When 'I see a man this subject, to give at least general sat- address him and he will furnish what he

.. from 400 to 500 species in the world, cover all his cleared land with orange isfaction, but I suppose it ,is so scrappy can ture.with direction for planting S. W. CARSON.and cul

good and bad, and the time is coming, trees I feel sure "he does not work it that it is difficult to get enough of it together Midland Fla.
to answer the increasing demand.At .
when right. .When I see a man buy a i
.
any rate, as you have made the request -
THE. CHEESE MAKER MAY ORDER BACTERIA poor article of butter at the country you have, I will try to comply. Best Hand Tools.In .

,. AT THE STORE store for 35 cents a pound, when he 1. As to the.best method of propaga- procuring hand tools for-another

for certain kinds of cheese, as we could produce the milk, raise the tion which is the first question in the : season's garden work, get those whichare

.now order yeast for bread-making. cream and make a pure article for catalogue sent me, the matured stalks I most easily handled and which
cut into sticks six inches in length, more
Another class of bacteria may be less than 25 cents a pound, I knowhe or-less, are the only seed we can dependon will accomplish the best, work. Do

.. termed scavengers, for they remove does not work it right. The in this climate, and the heavier the not buy a poor tool because it is cheap.
material that without them would.remain ashes from a cord of oak or other sticks the Detter, although any of the A steel rake, in the hands of a good

r forever unchanged. 'Vithoutthem hammock timber is worth$i.oo or more smaller stems will make plants if ma- gardener, will be subjected to the pull-

the fallen tree would remain and the ashes from a cord of pine tured sufficiently less, which than will not take and-thrust motion before the season is
place at much eight months
sound.and hard, dead animals would about 10 cents. Now, when a man after germination. through, many ten thousand timesor -

dry up like dried salt fish, and such ,burns pine in the stove and fireplace 2. How to prepare the root f9r table in other words twenty times in a

dead material would become so abundant when he has plenty of hammock timber, use stands next. Grate it on a common minute will be more than a thousand

as to cover the earth and prevent it.is readily seen he does not work it tin grater as sweet potatoes are grated.To times in an hour, and allowipg for
make fritters of the raw material
all new life. With bacteria- all organic right. When a man sows 3 bushelsof alone,,add a smart quantity of salt, and many interruptions, will be severalten
matter may be changed _into its .original oats to the acre he does not workit fry. It also makes a relishable fritter thousand times in a week. If it

elements and thus become fitted right. Right, Brother Adams. mixed with corn meal or wheaten flour cuts and mellows the soil easily, there

r to help build up new living bodies of Neither does the man work it,, right according to taste: also bread is made of will be more comfort in using it than .
it combined. and custards
plants and animals. Bacteria also aid who has a cart tire as wide as the rim also so, or the raw Puddings material may be used a heavy insufficient implement. The

thenatural functions of the body, or felloes, because he is compellinghis with seasoning to taste. It will,however, clumsy tool will.tire the operator much

clearing 1 it of used up material and horse in a soft road to waste his meet the general demand of all new beginners the soonest, and a great many days

probably? helping digestion and assimilation strength lifting sand on the wheels. if more or less of the starch is and dollars' worth of work will. be the

though ,their value In this direciioa The man who refuses to raise a plentyof Alone mashed or out mixed and with the crude the usual material seasoning.used. difference before ,the first of August.So .

is not fully ascertained. figs for home consumption in our The root sliced'and stewed with fresh with the hand-hoe. Get the very

Plants feed in part: 'upon'inorganic warm, summer weather ana then !meats of any'kind is very rellshable to best.-.Country: 'Gentleman. it

.

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DECEMBER. '.31, '.1891j THE FLORIDA DISPATCH, FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. 1059'. Y

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Culture of Cantaloupes.More ard Home Mixture fertilizer at the rate plying the material to it with 'great as in the mineral kingdom the most \

regularity and preventing clogging in precious metal, gold is never found ,
than to
of not less one ton two acres.
than ordinary attention has been the hopper. like the plain hilldroppingdrill dis-associated from silica (sand) so the

given this delicious, fruit with the hope Three barrels of seed closely cut, it does not sow when drawn backward finest qualities in the vegetable kingdom, ,.

,.- of inducing its more general cultivation will be ample to plant an acre-some and can be quickly thrown entirelyout flavor, aroma fine texture,etc., can only

{ in the State. usff four barrels. Cut large tubers to of gear. be obtained in siliceous (sandy) soils unmixed -
In order to still further encourage it with the baSer feruginous, argila- *
one small tubers may be planted This machine will be a great boon to
eye;
.. seed were distributed to every section of cious and calcacious elements (i. e. iron, \
the farmers and market and we
whole the discretion of gardeners,
the State last winter. or cut at
recommend it with confidence as we clay and lime). However, if those constitute -
Unlike the watermelon, the canta trucker. have made the most careful practical a sub-stratum ("sub-soil") one

loupe is most productive upon highly As to 'the yield per acre, Dr. A. trials with it through the past two years, foot or more below, it is no disadvan-

.. fertilized soil. While watermelon Oemler, in Truck Farming, says: and have devoted much time and care tage; on the other"hand it may be a me-
grows perfection only upon soils containing chanical'benefit, subserving as a base to
From, sixty to one hundred barrels to ensuring its being the most perfecttool
a large .percentage of sand.the of its kind ever made. support moisture, as the taproot of .
cantaloupe will produce well upon any per acre is quite a satisfactory crop plants and trees serve only as the acque- .

character of soil which is fertile and in for the Southern truck farmer. Yes, duct to supply water, while the surface

good mechanical condition. we should 'say so. Fifty barrels to Tobacco rootlets reach out for sustenance and '

Unlike the watermelon also it ,will the acre, to be followed by corn at support: hence all fertilizers should be .
thrive and produce best when planted would barely covered under the surface from
thickly. Instead of planting in hills six fifty bushels per acre, hardly sun and light. It is a fact that the finest
Selection of Seed.
'feet apart, plant in rows'four feet apart starve the industrious and intelligent cigar-leaf tobaccos in the world are

and two feet in the drill. Cultivate shal- cropper. The best variety of seed only shouldbe grown either on islands or peninsulas,

low in advance of the growth of the : The potato,,crop. is almost certain.It planted, for there are as many .varieties where much of the make up of the soil !
vines which should be disturbed as, littleas time much of tobacco as there are of roses or is marine-drift and silica (sand) and the
comes in early, at a No of leaf is desirable
variety plug
practicable.The grasses. atmosphere (climate)is also measurably
secret of success rests, in: needed; it puts the ground in good for the Florida tobacco grower. affected by evaporation and humidity, S '

1. Thorough preparation and fertilization heart to yield a corn and pea crop. Cigar leaf is worth more than double hence the prevailing impression that the

of the soil. Later still the same ground may be the plug, or chewing varieties, and as very highest results in cigar tobacco may
.
2. Planting as early as the season will seeded to turnips. far as known at present only the best not be had very far distant from a. bodyor
allow. To secure an early stand it is Cuban varieties are to be recommended, stream of water, for it is known to
U well to replant between the hills ten The cotton farmer, however, will of which the celebrated Vuelta Abajo is experts in cigar leaf that it demands a
,
days after the first seed are planted. If not have the spare time to devote to mostly preferred; but the imported seed humid atmosphere from the seed to the

the first come the replanted may be so many crops, but he is the fellow of this variety is'not to be relied on for cigar, and that the reverse is deleteriousand

chopped out. If the first are killed the that will need them the worst when as profitable a crop as the second year'sseed if continuous, ruinous, for this
replants replace them promptly. as it will be too diminutive the first reason. F. B. MOODIE. .
pay time comes. but plant the seed for the coming
3. Cultivate early, frequently and year, we.
,shallow? Deep cultivation so mutilatesthe WARNING., year's crop, and the next, for three years Connecticut Valley Tobacco

roots as to prevent fruitfulness. of mixed Western seed. from the first.It. is said that this variety Market. t
Beware after the third while it .
,
Watermelons bear the main steni deteriorates year
upon ; the best and the A little activity in tobacco is seen in
of the vine, cantaloupes bear upon the The Eastern are, is said of some other Cuban varieties
laterals. cheapest, although they cost more that they improve by reproduction in some sections of our valley. Prices remain ,
firm. Quite a number of
growers
The best -
quality usually accompanies
will hold on to their crops, unless someone
arid flesh.
thorough netting. green takes it at the prices asked. We are
enables the melon to
, Thorough netting
:glad to see this spirit of independance
withstand the effects of the and
sun
j'" manifested by those growers who still ,
scald" which all smooth
escape 'sun to
hold their crops. Still we believe in selling
surfaced varieties in this
are subject 5S when a reasonably good price is of-
climate. Varieties flesh
having yellow: fered, for the risks are many that the -
often but deficientin
are sweet invariably ,
holder has got to assume from fire or
flavor. High flavor usually ,accompanies other accidents, as well as the risks of .
orless of texture.
more coarseness
the sweating und deterioration
should not be allowed to process, a
Cantaloupes of value by a less favorable sweat than 1
ripen fully upon the vines. he might reasonably expect. Yet we
For shipment they should be plucked, think that under favorable circum .

with before stem attached to reach just their long destina-enough stances higher figures will certainly pie.vail <
ripening
for fine wrapping If the
tion before mellow but not crops.
becoming .. '
grower is going to assort his crop, be
greeh enough to cause wilting.For sure and do it well. Don't try to make
home when the
stem
use pluck believe that leaf is suit- .
yourself
every 1
readily separates, from the melon under : :
i able for a wrapper.-American Culti- ,
gentle pressure, and store in a cool placeto i'.cJ vator.DON'T.

.
mellow. .
.
.
If plucked at the proper stage of .-:
: ripeness the desirable state of mellow PLANET JR. HILL DROPPER AND FERTILIZER DISTRIBUTOR. i I

ness will be reached in "twenty-four; than Western potatoes. .Most store Florida ad infinitum, while still other 1 BE DUPEDThere
hours. in Florida the
Both watermelons and cantaloupesfor keepers buy the latter for: their cheapness first varieties year.are The only Ma'Nicaragua\ good is also avery I

home consumption should be plucked and sell them to families and to desirable Cuban variety, preferredby I have lately been placed upon the market eo

early in the morning, while freshened truckers where they can. many to the Vuelta Abajo, as it hss several Webster's cheap Dictionary reprints,"or an They obsolete are being edition offered of

by the dew and the cool atmosphere of Avoid low, undrained land. While many: excE'll&nt'qualitiE'S for wrappe.: at a low price ,
the night.-Alabama Station. condi and filler-uniform color, fine flavor and I By
moisture is one of the prime
.1 texture and cot the least of all, its ex- ..
goods dealer, clothiers etc.,and in
dry grocers
tions to a satisfactory yield, you must seedbed and in''!
Early Potatoes cellent behavior in the a few instances as a premium for subscriptions

The land should be put in order by lookfor it and prepare for it in high the field, waiting patiently without com- to pa pen. .
of these
Announcements
dry lana mellow loam the best of plaint in time of drought. But, of the comparativelyWorthless
plowing and harrowing as would .
you all.-Southern Live Stock Journal. twenty-two varieties, I have adopted .

for corn, to get the best results. Open 1 . only these two Cuban varieties, both reprints are very misleading; for instance,they
furrows three feet apart; drill in cotton from the Penel'del Rio Valley in Cuba are advertised to be the substantial equivalent
Planet Jr. Fertilizer Distributor.For of"an to twelve dollar book"
eight when in
seed meal at the rate of i'ooo; poundsper been the most celebrated cigar tobacco, dis- reality.from A to Z they are all .
has
several there a Either of them
years trict in the entire world.
acre-more perhaps would be bet; pressing demand for a machine which is good enough.. Reprint Dictionaries,

ter; cover and break out the middles.. would not only do all that the machine phototype copies of a book of over forty

This work should be done by the first just described will do, but at the same HOW TO DISTINGUISH PERFECT SEED FRO ago,which in its day was sold for about$&clean., .:,jo
which was much superior in paper, print, and
time[ sow fertilizers either above or below IMPERFECT. '
week in Two weeks later -
:
February. binding to these imitations, being then the best
the beds immediately over the I seed as wanted and in any quantity Take a few (a dozen say)and put themon "Dictionary of the time instead of one t ...
open necessary. We have therefore brought; a tin plate oh a hot clean stove and Long Since Obsolete. -j
.. meal. Plant cuttings (New York out the machine shown in the cut above.It if they are alive they will complain oJ
Rose twelve inches cover works with entire regularity whether dance if The supplement of 10JOOO socalled"newwords," k
,. Early ) apart, the intense heat by a lively ; which some of these books are advertised to contain
three to four inches deep, again throw. there is much or little in the drill, and they refuse, to move, but burn black. ,was compiled by a gentleman who has been
the middles. As the small heaps do not interfere with its they would not germinate. If only t. dead over thirty yearn, and was published before 1
ing out potatoes i
his death. Other addition
regular sowing. It holds about one peck. few show life and 'others do not, in are probably'
begin to show along the row above The plows can be set to place the fertilize crease the quantity, or better still, gei reprints of a like character. ,

ground, take some suitable plow-a12inch >either above or below the seed. The fresh seed. F. B. HOODIE.: The Genuine Edition of Webster Unabridged .

: sweep will do--and cover amount sown is regulated accurately ban _. ._' familiar to Dictionary this generation, whlch, contain Is the over only 2680 one .1

them in. This will clean the groundand index similar to that of the hill The Kind of Land Best Adapted pages,with illustrations on nearly every page,
.. dropper, and the discharge of both drills and bears our imprint on, the"title pale It to*
insure your potatoes against early may be cut off or started instantly, Sandy loam hammock is unquestion protected by copyright from cheap Imitation.-'

frosts. After workings-whatever they either separately or together, thus avoiding ably the best, but any good sandy loan Valuable published as,this a thoroughly work i* f we reyLsed hare{ at successor(Tast expense '

should be-should not disturb the all loss at the end of the row. This land, of any color, in"Florida, whether the tame of which Is WEMTU'S( lanuutioiu,
.
also has a force feed; a .double acting "hammock," mixed, or pine DlCTIOlUXT. r ': '
roots of the vines. open metal worm discharging regularly: "upland" or "flatwoods" (if the J latter i it Sold by all Booksellers.Illustrated pampb&t&_ !

Cotton seed or lot manure may be metal' shelves not too wet) be good tobacco; l land C. MERRIAM fc .
it is protected by feeding may G. fc : CO.. : 1 1Springfield :
,
used in furrows instead of meal-or which move slightly and alternatelywith provided the soil is not impregnated. Mas*. u. I. Ae' 'I
t what might be better, drill in Stand .each revolution of the screw, sup- with lime or clay on the surface tsr.wlri'


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.'/1 FLORIDA.DISPATCH, FABMEB AND FBUIT-GROWER. (.DECEMBER> 31,1891
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.. .' Our w y our gobs; Mate )' eics. NEW KODAKS. Orange Reporter County gives Enterprise.The account, .of a

...... .., combined grapery and orchard near that
city,.which will include 100 whenall
ti A Southern Story The Florida Directory of the World's k acres
A' Fair will meet at the office of the presi- "You the planted. We copy and condense:
:, .' It was while watching a flaming sunset dent .at Pensacola. January 11, at 10o'clock press The original purchase of eighty acres

bum itself out, over a great deserted cot- in the morning. butter, was entirely unimproved land. But during -

ton field of the far South, that heard James Mott, of Orlando, has cinnamon the past few months it has been

the most remarkable story of animal intelligence plants in thrifty growth. It has been we do tin rest. cleared of timber, plowed, fenced and
for whose truth I can demonstrated that cinnamon will growin I put in splendid condition for the vines
person- '
.' other places besides Ceylon, but the and trees which are to be planted upon
ally vouch. Like the Western ranch- bark is inferior. Seven Sew Styles and Sixes it within the next two months. It is the

:' men, the Florida planters "round up" ALL LOADED WITH Transparent Films. intention of the company to increase the

their cattle at stated intervals to take An exchange says: The legality of For .le by all Photo.Stock.Dealers. Mosteller grove to twenty acres. The
:: the :Manatee county Commissioners tax- THE EASTMAN COMPANY remainder of the tract, or the original .
account of them. On the eve of one the for World's Fair : ,
I ing county a exhibit eighty acres will be divided as follows:
Send
'such "round up," bets were freely l laic has been answered. The attorney- ', for Catalogue. ROCHESTER.N.Y. Fifty acres in Niagara grapes, twentyacres

as. to the ability of Tige;, a famous old general has .decided it may be legally' in grape fruit trees, and ten acres

yellow dog, hero of much difficult cattle done. of the year and a stockman replied: in pineapples. For the latter fruit three

"scarred reckless resourceful Hon. D. B. Usina departed for home "No man who had regard or consideration acres are already prepared and enclosed
driving, with carload of i for his stock would think of doing with a shed to protect them from extremes -
Tuesday morning a ;
the
to-bring successfully up to pen a par- Leon county milch cows which he .r such a thing in the dead of winter. If of heat and cold. Fifteen thou- ,
ticularly wild and vicious black steer, the pur-
could visit burned districtat sand plants have already been set. Oth-
lawlessness of which threatened to demoralize chased for his dairy farm near St. Au- you a
the whole herd. Arrived gustine. He furnishes milk for severalof such a time and see the thou- ers are arriving almost daily, and are set
on
I St. hotels.-Talla- sands of hoof prints of animals search- as fast as they arrive. Those which have,
Augustine's largest
next there
the scene of action, morning,
hasseean.A ing for food, you would not thinkso. been set are of the Smooth Cayenne va-
confusion and rout
ensued a hopeless Why, sir we do not want the woods riety. They are imported direct from
the steer allowing neither man nor dogto small pamphlet on fruit shipping burned. It does not benefit our, stock the Azores, as the plants] could not be f

come within whip-touch: of him. now before us contains this proposition: but is, a serious injury, especially in obtained here. The company has also,
Tige, to his supporters amazement and "You know what destroys twentyfiveper mid-winter. After the woods are secured and is importing a largo lot of
disgust, kept well on the outskirts of the cent of the fruit in this
shipped burned, the cattle cannot get anything Abakkas-a variety of the pmeapple
scrimmage, warily "sizing up"- the de- country." Of course we do; it is the in- to subsist upon. They eat. it is true, which by many is esteemed the most
moniac, flame-eyed, black monster, excusably rough handling of irrespon- the half-burned stubble, but this bringson valuable of any thus far tested in Flor-
shook the air. He
whose bellowing sible express messengers. disorders and death. Do not think, ida. Only these two sorts are to be set
made, at last one faltering run in thesteer's The deer along the St. Lucie river every time the woods are burned, it is hi any great number. A few others of
the creature
direction; sighted to know that Florida has the work of the cattle men, for it is not. rare sorts have,been imported, merely to
him and therewith seem already a
him and rushed for ; ,
There are plenty of vagrants, white and test them. The dependence, however,
ado started in mad law for their protectIOn.They not onlyare
without more Tige ,
black, who travelour woods in the win- will be upon thn varieties mentioned, as
ignominious flight tail between his legs, very numerous, but they are getting
bold to in the middleof ter, and I think they are, as a rule, these are known to be among the largestand
the picture of cowardly terror; the bull so as range right
"
varieties
finest
responsible for the work of destruction. grown. Additionswill
the pineapple fields and are a regular
thundering after with lowered head and ,
bd made the shed and /
wicked horns that seemed almost to touch pest in the gardens.-:Kissimmee Ga- Irving Keck writes to the Bartow area covered to as rapidly, plants a greater can be

the quivering yellow flanks. "Tige turn zette. Courier,- urging the farmers to "plant carrots obtained, until the entire ten acres is .
toil! Tige run!" gasped the amazed and The Kissimmee Gazette i is responsiblefor for their horses and COvs.adds: covered. The areas intended for grapes

infuriated boys, who saw their money the following statement: Hon. William "Polk county farmers will never get and grape fruit will be planted during' '1.
melting amicj their comrades' of Palatka has rich till they raise the feed for their teamsat months ,
away Thompson, an or- the, of January and February. ..
jeers. "Yes, shouted the tall, sardonic home. When we get to the point that
ange of the Navel variety that weighs V/1
One of the novel features of the Grape nj
old planter,their father and Tige's owner, eight pounds and ten ounces. The orange we can put the money for our oranges I
as, with the herd well in'hand, they gal- measures ten inches in diameter, down in the bottom of the old buckskin and Fruit Company's farm will be a
loped after the vanishing dog and steer. and his purse and let.it stay there, and not pay it hedge enclosing the whole. For this the
was grown on own grove one
w will be used. It is found
McCartney rose
"But before you shoot Tige, notice where and a half miles from Palatka. out for feed for ourselves and teams,
he's running to!" By all that was won- then we can begin to be independent, upon trial to answer the requirements ofa
derful, straight to the cattlepenl! And T. F. McGourin, secretary of the Florida and nottill then. I firmly believe Polk hedge admirably, makes a rapid and
up to the gate the steer rushed after him' Chautauqua, De Funiak Springs, county farmers can make every bushelof 'vigorous growth, and is a compact, serviceable -
? and through the gate-and then, where announces that the next session of this corn needed in the county as well as bed e. In addition 'to its other
was that cowardly dog? Like a flash of popular assembly will open February17th every pound of hay. I wish I could get good qualities it is an evergreen, and
lightning over the wall and facing the and close March 16th. A large everyone to try these things; at first i hi this is a thing of beauty throughout the
pen-gate; every hair tense with readinesfor number of prominent speakers and a small way, then if you succeed, branch year. The strip of ground surrounding
battle; eyes like a flame; mighty lecturers are expected. For programsor out a little larger; but don't go in debt the; property is all prepared for the reception -
voice calling the men'to come and do the to secure rooms, address the secretaryas to try: experiments. Show your faith in of the plants, and about one-half
one thing ,he could! not doclose the gate above. Flonda by trying the things that are at has already been set. This, when grown,

-- and hold the prisoner his magnificent There is no excuse for tramps in Flor hand. We can help ourselves if we will will greatly add to the appearance' of the
strategy had brought there! ida. If these not be entirely at the mercy of the transportation place: ,
roving
vagabonds are en-
To do the boys justice, every cent their to here companies." The Niagara Villa Vineyard is also to
couraged come we expectthe
bets brought them went to buy Tige the nuisance to by may- until In proof of the merits of the palmettoas be enclosed with the rose hedge duringthe

most ,magnificent collar on record, the Florida would be grow known year as a year a medicinal agent, Mr. Rotzien has present winter. Ten acres-just
silver plate"on which ,bore ,the date of an for they would learn to tramp appreciatethe paradise received and shipped by the Nettie to cleared-will ,be added to the vineyard.

exploit Homer need not have scorned to beauties of our winter and run for it one of the largest wholesale drug housesin 1 .

sing. "I believe to my soul,",said one the same as decent folks if they were assured the United States at Philadelphia, a LADIES
of the boys, "Tige planned it all out they would get something to eat consignment of several hundred pounds Needing a tonic,or children who want build w+'e
while we were sneaking round the edgeof without working for it. Don't let the of palmetto berries for which he is to receive BROWN'S Ing up-lltON should BITTERS take

the crowd watching things! "Lord, tramp! ever get foothold in Florida.- 10 cents per pound.-St. Andrews It is pleasant to take, cures Malaria, Indigestion .
no!" said Tige's owner. "he settled it in Lake Region.We Buoy. Biliousness and Liver Complaints.Acavrrpany'ng .
his mind last night while he was listen-
ing to us talk bout what a circus we mentioned a few weeks ago about
were going to have a-getting that steer the large crop on the trees of Mr. Swanson. -
inl- .L., in Commonwealth. The result of the picking fully i i"*,a purtrait of the late Prof. Ed

-- bears out_the jestimat then made. From 1 wart E. Phelps, M. D., LL. D. of Dartmouth

To Ward off the Dojr. twenty-six trees were gathered 500 boxesof Co//.ege. He was a strong,able man, who stood ;
oranges, or'an average of nearly
The burglar's ,in his Kgh in the literary and rdentificworIds. It is
greatest} enemy twenty boxes to a tree. One man com- not
nocturnal wanderings is a dog, .whose menced to pick on one tree early.one r generally known, but it isnevertheless, the truth
presence he even dreads more than the morning and was employed on the tree that Prof. Phelps was the discoverer of what is

policeman or detective. To protect ant until.4 p. m. He gathered 87 picking S., known to the Medical profession and Chemists
safeguard himself against canine attacks boxes of' fruit from the tree.-Oviedo universally as Paine's Celery Compound
unquestionably -
on his he carries about with him
t person Chronicle.The .
1 J a 'k'f of the valuable
of the limewort which ; one most discoveriesof
rl a sprig grey ,
when used as an amulet, is an State Board of Health or some this century. This remarkable compound i is

I absolute preventive! against the bites' of other potential power should have'carte Pk not'a nervine, an.essence,a sarsaparilla, or any

I dogs. This plant, when used internally, Blanche authority to prevent the marketing devised article, but a discovery, and it marks a
is said, on the authority of Bacon,to remove of green oranges, in which acidity distinct step in medical practice and the treatment
hydrophobia-London TitBitsICURE predominates. Any "cracker" young
one,two years old, can decide when Granges of nervous complications the greatest
are in proper condition to pick of all modern diseases-Paresis. It has been
I FITS i and ship. People at the North purchase freely admitted by the best medical talent in the

Florida oranges because the fruit has the W land,and abo.by the leading chemists aadsdefw s
When I MJ cure I do not.mean merely to,top them
of the best
reputation being produced in The PHELPS lists,that for nervous troubles, exhaust-
far a time and then hare them return again. I means Late PROF. nerroM
radical cure. I.tun mad. thedjeaseofFTTS. EPI- tho wide, wide world, and so it is, if elon, ix samnia, debility 1Brff: ad even the
UPSY or PALING SICKNESS alifoloncstudr. I permitted to ripen on the. trees in the, dreaded and terrible Paresis has
nothing been discovered which
ever reaches the disorder
warrant'm7' remedy to curt the worst cBecaue >old-fashioned natural way.-Orlando
o&en bays filed b no reason for not now reoeiTin a Reporter.The and Fans! health equal to this discovery, of Prof. PheJ *.
curt. :Bead at once for a treaties and a Free Bottle of
) JBJ...&.remedy.; Oir Sxpnes and Fact Ofioe.H. Leesburg Commercial objected to DON'- TBE' FOOLED" ** tlal.* tf Dtalt n ttAD Jaw fmtleMoru f
" : G.. ROOT, M.: 'C.t_ 183 Peael fs :,'N. Y. the,burning of the woods at-this season eoualI D iamond.Jqr IFAMI&.V AND FANCY DYE NtIiAhlg',.:'-.

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Di ants 31,1891J ;THK FLORIDA JJIBPATCfl, FARMER AND 4

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chop and plow, but not one can I get pounds, used to make them with her quired for the growth of the hair, yet .

: Our Rural f!ome', to go into the kitchen that I would. own hands, such as no woman ever: white flour does not contain a trace; \
have. made before or since, and it wasn't the phosphates are also notably lack-

A Revery-Beaten Biscuit. Now, I can beat' any woman I ever hard for her C. WT: CAMPBELL, Sr. ing, and these substances are absoluteJy 1 j
and broilingmeat Ca pobello. in the animal econ
saw roasting, frying -. ., necessary
For Our Rural Home. and making soups and gravies, Cure For Oramps-Nux Vomicc omy. When flour is made of the. _*
,' A perfect day was the last Sabbath but I never had made any brea ]I For Hens.For whole grain of wheat we have an article -.;

i in November. On that day we: had Concluded I would hunt up' that old Our Rural Home.I of (food which contains all the 4

t. our lunch in the open air on the ve:- recipe and follow'it to the letter. J I noticed in your issue of November elements the body requires for sup- "

r randa and the,' picture which surrounded got out the flour, sifted it and Qth a cure for cramps in the legs! port; and this flour should be uni- ; ,
i 1;:' us, if 'it could be fitting! sprinkled in a little salt, and the smallest by "Dr. St. Clair." While the string 'versally used, in spite of the false

,;. transferred to canvass; would sell for cup lcould find anywhere 'about will relieve the cramps or muscu aesthetic taste that demands a "white .
1: more than the Angelus." I used to I that amount of loaf." What the body requires
r was a tea cup. put lar spasm for a few hours it will not 1'J
: think nothing could surpass the gorgeous lard: in and for fear it was not enough, cure, as the cramp returns again the should be the touchstone, rather than
'
I beauty of the'Allegheny mountains added a tablespoonful more; mixed next night with renewed vigor. Peo. what pleases the eye of the unthink- '1

t t' when clothed in their autumnal and rubbed it all. up nice, kneadedand pie suffering from cramps in the legs, ing housewife.- rHall's. Journal 1 of'J

} dress, but what was revealed to my beat, the batch till it fairly glistened or any other part of the body will Health. J:

! vision that day as my eyes wandered but it would not "bjister. ]I find a radical cure by using the PSI r

r h over the surrounding hammocks and thought it looked pretty greasy, but ]I tincture or, fluid extract of 'the vibur- How to Read the Tongue. 4'J'

I,4 mixed woods, far surpassed anything thought that would fry out when' ]I num opulus, or high cranberry bark, The perfectly healthy tongue is .)

'f: I ever", saw "up North" or Mou baked them and if we didn't have commonly called "cramp bark." clean, moist, lies loosely in the mouth, 1 1i

West.The short cake for breakfast nobody ever Take three-fourths of a teaspoonful i is.round at the edge: and has no prom
sweet gum, hickories and black did. I concluded' I was either a )with -a tablespoonful of hot water inent papillae, says Dr. Julia H. Smith !,
oaks had been frosted just
'::' scrub failure as a 'bread maker or there .was just before each meal for three or four in the New York Ledger, and then i
enough ,to give them a commingling something "misleading""' about that days, and the cramps: will disappearfor proceeds to interpret other aspects of ;

: of all the shades of red, brown and recipe, and I was going to find put good. There are two kinds of vi this small but mighty member: The ,!

4,- yellow, the sumachs and dogwoods: which; so next day I tried some for burnums, the.viburnum opulus and tongue may be furred from local .1

,' 1. were a blaze of fire. This, relieved dinner. I never saw such a nice viburnum, prunifolium; in ordering be causes, or from sympathy with the 't
:::; by the fresh green of the, long-Ieafed I mixed that day ,
batch of
dough as ; sure to specify the viburnum opulus, stomach, intestines or liver. The dry
Si pine and live oaks and magnolias and it pound it and see it "
was a delight to or "cramp bark. The viburnum tongue occurs most frequently in -
the sombre hue of the moss the
I) grey blister. prunifolium is a specific against some fever, and indicates a nervous prostration .
k dark, bright green of the orange trees To enjoy beaten biscuit you want other muscular affections, but is not or depression A white tongue }

. laden with their golden fruit, made af" good clear coffee with them. I can good for cramps. Those who live is diagnostic simply of the feverish 1

, coloring no painter's palette ever make good coffee. So I made an where they can gather the bark of the, condition, with perhaps a sour '

showed. extra pot that day; the stove was just high cranberry, take, or scrape the stomach. When it is moist and ye!.
,,;. ., Possibly> there was much feasting on right-and baked to a turn, and I had bark from the limbs and fill a pint lowish brown it shows disordered

the ,part of millionaires in tapestriedhalls two bigplates of the prettiest biscuitsI fruit jar with the bark and then turn digestion. Dry and brown'indicate a

with brass bands to enliven the ever saw. We sat down and after on 'what whiskey, or dilute alcohol, low state of the, system, possibly j,

scene, but I am safe to say their surroundings returning heartfelt thanks commenced it will hold; let stand for,a week, shaking typhoid. When the tongue is dry, j

:a". were not like ourj, and the on thea. Were you ever on board every day" and it is fit for use. red and smooth, look out for. nflam- .1 1
2 like the of' the
music carol
was not ship when everything gave out but II' you go to a drug store for it, have mation, gastric or intestinal. When i
which sang for and
F ,mockingbirds, us, hard tack or salt beef, cr out on the your druggist send to Lloyd Bros., of the papillae on the end of the tongueare j
the twitter of the little brown-coated
::: plains with nothing but a bag of hardtack Cincinnati, Ohio, corner Court and raised and very red we call it a .
, wrens that fluttered about just like ? Well, I have and have seen a Plum streets, for their specific tincture, strawberry tongue, and that means "

i some little women know, with their good many kinds of hard bread, but as the most of the fluid extracts on scarlet fever. Sharp pointed red -i
;: fresh calico dresses and white
new never saw any kind of bread as hard the market are base frauds.J. tongue will hint of brain irritation or '
.
l, aprons. as those biscuit! I had forgotten to B. HEINON, M. D. inflammation, and a yellow coating ;J
4' They may have had Florida ,oranges in lard all. Talk about "
put any at Boston Mass. indicates liver derangement. 1 1DON'T
:" and Tangerines for dessert like us, but hard bread! why .I split some open P. S.-Some time since I noticed 1I I

:,: 'they didn't. have any fresh ripe figs, and buttered them and put them in an article denouncing nux vomica for

(' just picked from the treessmothered. the stove, expecting to soften 'them hens, as being a rank poison, etc., --

: in sugar and cream, as we did, and that way, but no go; put some in the and must do harm. Very true, it is DELAY TO

?': they didn't have for sauce Mrs. j jr soup and 'boiled till the beans were a poison and would kill in large doses; Stop that cough! Else the bronchial
; Minnie Gilmore Mills' and "Florida would aconite belladonna gel
lone, and that didn't fetch them. so tubes will be enlarged and the delicate
;;' Cook's" letters. finally I threw them out to the pigs semium, veratum, pulsatilla, hyoscya- tissues of the lungs exposed to Injury.No .

I .1" BEATEN BISCUIT RECIPE. ind one would have thought they mine, cactus grand, morphine, other medicine is so speedily operative .. .
.r and the rhus tox, spigelia and a host of other In throat .and lung troubles as .'
nuts .
I will\ write you just what my Mrs. were cracking hickory .
Cherry Pectoral. A few doses
: Major sent me from Missouri. I had nly> consolation, I had was they were remedies that are being used every Ayer s
obstinate
have been known to break an -
, ... lived here on baking powder, andY not lost. lay,but which, in small doses, do good and distressing cough.up Sufferers: .'

saleratus biscuit until my stomach If I had been one of the giving up stead of harm. So with the nux from asthma, bronchitis, croup, coo- ,.
'., was like an alkalie desert. kind, I shouldn't be here in Florida vomica it will do'no harm Co hens or sumption, sore throat, and whooping .

,: "To one quart of flour add a small :low.,- chickens, but, on the contrary, will cough find a sure relief in the use of thin ,''

: cupful of fresh lard or'butter: and mix I had lived with Mrs. Major for prove a benefit. People take small preparation. It soothes the in- .-

?- with back of spoon thoroughlyadd sal* near forty years and in all that time loses of strychnine for years, motes flamed ezpecto-mem- Try ration brane,and pro-inDon't :
ind think nothing of it. Strychnine .
' moisten, make he said or done anythingo
,, to taste, with water to ; had never daces repose. be with-
> a pliable dough, not.sticky. Knead or, ; mislead me. So I determined to prepared from nux vom. out it in the' house.. Sallie E. Stone< ,. i
t' : beat this till it blisters, roll out. and find out what kind of a "small 'cup" ica. 'J. B. H. Hurt's store,Va.,writes: "I have found, .tJ
in my family,that Ayer's Cherry Pecto. '
; cut out with biscuit cutter, or better, he; meant. I went to experimenting.
; ral was always a certain cure for cold .
L pinch off in sizes to suit taste, and 'Ve had good, bad and indifferent Whole Wheat. and coughs.." :.
till I hit the right thing, and To that white flour does not
f.":' flatten with hands and stick with a biscuit> prove "Five years ago I had a constant :
fork three times. Cutting soddens the he; ladies of the Rural Home shall. neet the requirements of the body, cough, night sweats, was greatly reduced .
i:4, edges. have it. Just substitute an ordinary Jagendie fed it wholly to a numberf in flesh,and had been given up by

_, Well, I supposed one woman could iron basting spoonful of fresh lard or > dogs, and at the end of forty days my physicians. I began to take AJer's" >,
.
y'- mix and bake after the recipe ofI butter, 'and mix thoroughly ,with back hey died. Others, to which he gave Cherry Pectoral and was completely '",
; .",; another woman just as well as she of> spoon before putting in the water. the wheat meal, at the end of this cured.-Anga A.Lewis,heard,N.Y. )

could; so I 'gave the recipe to my Dl f: this, put in a little at a time, so ime: were in fir&tclass'condition.. Ayers Cherry Pectoral
I housekeeper) but she couldn't do as not to make the dough the least lore than half the children under
anything with it, and I didn't get .any bit sticky; knead this and beat' till it twelve: years of age have decayed Prepared by Dr.J.C.dyer it Co.,Lowell,If.... "
.
Bold by all Dru 1lta. Price $1; Lx bottle, ,$6.lOIHKRCIAL .
beaten biscuit. blisters, and bake in an.oven. well eeth, owing to insufficient supply of I

1\;,.A My housekeeper, after a while, took heated with good sound dry hardwood he required mineral ingredients, and

a notion to go "up North to.see her. not pine. Some 'may think his deficiency is caused as a rule by COLLEGE OF KENTUCKY UfllYERSITY,

;::: folks. Well, you know ,what jt is this' hard work-there is no hard eating white bread. Dyspepsia, constipation -. IXXUfGTOJT,.KY. .
...,. .
.about getting a. cook in Florida. I work.about it. If this wasn't so long loss of nerve, power and s.Diet K.tW*'l......at..Wrid......bp.atfAa........"
around I would' tell how Aunt Betsey other diseases are produced by.. "ncaa....Tdqrapla paw. 1...iw
iF. caR hire all the negro women you ;'' nany mta.; 11....k.rf. M.OOOVTLLJHUB Gr ia.--. C.wnr .......
r .c to go into the field to .hoe and. who never> weighed over a 100 improper feeding. Sulphur is re K. IMl ., rnrt. LI.dI......,. .t

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.a THE FARMERS A.L L I AN C E.-: < J




7' .. ollG' A Qf OF THE STATE FACERS r<< flliLIflflCE{ fiJJD{ IflDUSTlpIiVOL. UNION. ; ; ,:

It. .
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: c .
::o; ; V. "Agriculture is i the Basis of Wealth." No. 53.r 1r i
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TOM SAWYER, -. Staff Contributor Notwithstanding these facts, I have editorials of that day to be a fac simileof for it in four years with the proceeds '

not seen anything from the pen of the that in the FARMER AND FRUIT- of the farm. I dare say that if this

:V A Nobility of Wealth. editor to indicate that, he. saw any ill GROWER. of the xoth ult. man had started five years ago on his

-Editor; Alliance Department: omen in our financial, economical or S. J. WILLIAMS.Bartow little farm, instead of $2,350 loaned

Since reading your criticism upon transportation systems; while we thus Fla. out'he would not have $23.50 above.... a
the Ocala Demands in the issue of the< see wealth wrenched from the hands of The facts set forth by our corre- bare living.

loth inst., I beg permission to maker < the wealth-producers, and millionaires spondent would be bad enough even And as to, the education of his ., s

a brief reply. It is not Messrs. Con made and the land filled with tramps, if they bad to be considerably discounted family I have this to say: One of my
as the following will show: In 1850 but nothing in who
I don & Sutton that I would defend ]I they prove neighbors was brought up near
; the wealth of the United States was favor of third party'action.. We do i Gadsden, Ala., visited that section
'' know nothing of these gentlemen 01 $8,000,000,000, of which l labor owned. not antagonize the farmers' movement; last year, and he tells me he was .'

t 1- their paper. 6254 per cent. or five billions, and we favor it heartily, but desire to see it shocked to see the ignorant way in

You say it champions the cause ot capitalists $3,000,000,000 or 3734 per carefully keep aloof from the arrant which farmer's children were being

the farmers through the medium of a cent. In 1860 the wealth was $16,. and arrogant rot of the Red Republi-- brought up, and the hopeless condi-
J 000,000,000; in 1870, $30,000,000- canism, the Anarchism, the Socialism tion to which farmers had descended. ,
which is
third called the Peo
party, 000; 1880, $43,600,000,000; 1890, and other conspiracies against all gov- a'
' Farming was once paying
very
pie's Party, thereby inferentialy implying $60,000,000.000.Sherman ernment which' have been importedfrom I .
; thing-so was once very pretty r
; that other classes besides farmers estimates that $250,000 Europe and are now rampantin (when I was a babe), but both of us J
i and laborers do not belong to the families own 70 per cent. of all wealth some of the great Northern cities. have lost our charms. **|

people of the United States. Now, of the'States, or $44100 600,000, or Not enough farmers will ever go with In the past ten years our nation has -ft t'
t ., 176,400 per family and the wealth- the Third Party' to overbalance this
: will you please explain on what this piled up twenty-two billion more ..::
of the pernicious element. Whenever we seea
less
producers country cover --j
"food and raiment" than.we could
1 inference is based? Is it
upon m ret than 23 per cent., with nine million paper professing to champion the That if there "1
consume. means had
supposition or is it from the name, the mortgages on their homes and a total farmers' cause and seeking to promoteit been a fair divide we would have

: People's Party, that you draw the in indebtedness of all kind of thirty bil- through a third party, we regard it fifty per cent. better education, fifty J
lion as being misguided and we wish to .;
dollars which
the
ference? Does the name imply that people must cent better farms and fifty
there are other classes besides the farm pay. No ill omen in this, is there? warn our readers against being drawn per cent.'better houses and homes and per all

ers and laborers who do not belongto Who foots the bill? The cotton planters into even the remotest recognition; of that makes the *
country a joyous,
the people of the United States any of the South dance to the music these mad European destructives in happy place to live in. Is this the

I more than the name of the Democratic of a difference of 3% cents a pourid our large cities. A residence of a year condition in which we find things?

or the Republican parties does? on their cotton which the grower re- in Europe has given the writer a better As the fancy girl said about painting"on ;
ceived and the : knowledge of the evil and miserable .
Again, you that we have spinner paid.
say no no- china with .a dish rag, "YVell, not
bility in this country, though we have "Lancaster, Michigan, April 14. theories and diabolical doings of hardly." The greatest part of Major

I .,thirty-aie' thousand millionaires and Farm statistics issued from the State these foreign crackbrains than most of Campbell's Political Farm Talks, as far

I millioDS-Df! tramps., We have a national department show that the wheat, oat our farmer readers. .have.-ED.. as I read seems to be to get the

banking system and it is claimed and corn crops produced in Michiganin "A Lesson in It.: farmers tq work harder, live with .
on good authority that it has fleeced 1889 cost the farmer $40,800,013; 'Editor Alliance Department: more economy and educate (in poti'j i

> the people of the following sum in the market value, $31,373,505; loss, $9- In the FARMER AND FRUIT GROWERof tics) less. This may suit the Majorsand
I:' last twenty-eight years : 226,510. Thus it is that the farmers December loth a quite be in full accord with many
appears
t- Interest on circulation compounded who were once the most prosperous modest, inoffensive little articlethelike farmer's way of thinking, but if it

; itS percent., $2,018,841,073; interest people, are fast becoming tenants. of which we often see nowadays were possible to lower the agriculturalworld

on United States bonds at'4}5'percent Illinois has thirty-five thousand against,. which I would like to make at the same rate of ,declensionfor

f.. $159420,586; interest .on"deposit tenant farmers, Kansas fifteen thousand at least a few points. the next 20 years that it has been :

Ii at.4 per cent., $2,307,247,053-, ; The census puts the average The aforesaid article gives the px- let down since 1867, there is not a ;

f profits on purchase. of bonds $484- earings of a farmer at $310, or less perience of a farmer near Gadsden, man who had any solf-respect or who ,
t t: 141,180.: Total, 5969649894. than 90 cents a day.. This, with the; Ala. From his experience we glean cared a snap for his children, who

All this was paid .for by J labor., Is assistance of wife and children, is the these facts: In 1867 he had a fair would stay on a farm. And about
it any wonder that the farmers and compensasion the once proud the best do this
yeoman average farm, two horses, fair set of way to thing is to take.
laborers want.to rid of this of
incubus America is
get receiving for the pro- farm implements an industrious some of the Major's advice. 5
? The of the Interstate duction of wealth which ,
report enriches
pains taking wife and but I offer ideas and
$6.75, no no new propose ,
t Commerce Commission of the third others. .
credit. Five later he had madea of '
years no new way escape-sImply point
annual convention of railroad
March ,commissioners No one can say that both the Democratic good living and had $2,350 loaned to the Ocala Demands as sufficient. 1
of 91, tells us that and Republican parties have :out. In 1891 he found he had ieared But no permanent relief can ever be 1
within the last
fourteen the
years earnings not jumped on the farmers' demands and educated a family of seven children enjoyed till it is made impossible for

L on $2,422,455 of'railroads with both feet, each trying to rival and had a "large new home"and millionaires to corner and crush the
L amounted to sufficient to the other with their denunciations, plenty to keep his family in comfort weak and helpless. With Henry M.
'
construct 80,752, miles of the 145.387 .which are too well known to mention ;
as long as he should live. From Grady I believe "this government can
operated in 1888. In 14 years there now. When a paper will dare raise this the deduction is made that any top off these colossal fortunes and by .\
r ( has been taken for railroad usury, in its voice in Florida to champion the farmer in Alabama could do as he had an income tax retard their growth."

excess of 6 per centi,5'92,28o,27i; rights of the farmers through the me- done. HAPPY Go LUCKY.. .

for traffic and earnings alone, sufficientto dium .of the reform political party The first point I wish to make is .Floral City,Fla., Dec at,1891.
build 53,076 miles of railroad.. who stand squarely on the farmers'demands this,.and I wish every Alliance man .
Traffic and other earnings for 1888 even an agricultural paper would catch and retain the idea: The I Dr. O. G. 'Matthews, of Santos, was ,
were' $405,222,000, whereas it should like the FARMER AND FRUITGROWERavails same pluck, persevering, energetic II confined to his bed for twenty-nine days }
not have exceeded$234,123,000. Excess itself of the with a carbuncle. During this time he 'i
opportuntty to management to succeed farm
on a
I studied the sub-treasury Bill #
above 6 per cent. ,taken from the before.its readers thoroughly
editorial in
'
array an would have made that man a millionair and was converted.-Banner. 5;
people, $171,097,000. The expense of denunciation of the new paper, such as a grain speculator. In 1867 I I
the United States'government from as would do credit to the Topeka one of these get-up-and-go kind of Fort McCoy is to have a big Alliance 1
1788 to 1860 is claimed to have been less than one billion dollars, and the that if is coming with their baskets filled >.:
the editor
would New
presume York and in
,ten yeas he had a for a good time. The State preeideat,...
appropriations of the Fifty-second Congress search the files of the English newspaper fortune of one million dollars. Hon. A. P. Baskin, and the coming, lecturer -
: were in round numbers one billion of 1776, just after America's But how will farming in 1867 will do the speaking. The day
dollars, or eight dollars for every. ,orator said "Give will be finished with a Christmas tree ..
.. .: Sreat: me liberty,or,compare with now? In 1867 an energetic .-
.**'t<.....i/'..womaa' HI... and. child--i-. 'in, America.. ., ..,"-.. give me death; ," he would find,the man .could buy. farm and-pay and Banner.entertainment" at 'night.* '->. Ocala'
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"

A Painful Lack: of BuineesHabite. ship bra promise .to :;buy? ,:>r sell,. pi 6f,travel and freightaridicbuld' well afford RICH: FLORIDA LANDS;
loan have It in % "in 'to pass 'delegated ,free But you '
All I have observed in't1ie.F ef rent,or ; writing- '
could not expect any better 6f a tai road
i Alliance'tells the same story-utter black and white. which begged the people for funds to

j. s, Beglect of common business'habits. When you pay money'see that you build their depots, and lands to "build
J and when receive their John road with. The littleLassenger
get a' receipt you Cheap
rJ\t\ r'Lecal,Alliance ;stores,. fall to! ;piecestd. money give a receIpt. coop, so-called Coach, which i
one knows'whether it bas been attached to the accommodation
no is train
Be just and honest that is the first
owing to carelessness or, bad faith. is a disgrace to any country; in this lit- _
M .? State the There thing, and then, see that others are tle coop are thrown whites and negroes.
Exchanges same.
just and honest towards you, and if Any other but this little, narrow guage -
and stockholders and
t J are trustees they are not don't be, afraid to say so. road provides separate coaches; howeverI Lij .
,directors: but apparently .none of Don't call it "brotherly love" to will say that the conductors of this so- .
these either know 'or practice .common called railroad are a clever and obligingset
I' throw a cloak over the misdeeds of a of and of these
business) methods, and so the gentlemen, none r
State to smash. rogue, thus affording him, through' grievances are attached to them.Tarpon -
Exchanges go : mistaken ,idea of charity the Truth.
your .
There would to be 'much the .
appear .
power to go on robbing and cheating . .. A
: 'habits .
same lack of business and others. "We do not pose as a prophet, nor are -

methods all over the country. Amer- we related to one, but we will bet a ..
) ican including 1 the reform 'These are simple and plain rules, Jersey cow, that within sixty days cotton .

newspapers' much, incensed at the for simple and plain! people, which, if will be 'two ,cents higher. We are Farmers I Stop and Think.
press, are followed will prevent much quarrel- well satisfied that there has been ,employed
amount of English capital invested, in ing,and misunderstandings and in making .up the estimates WHY Spend the best years of your
,;, American business English :coin many the the most unblushing
by tend to keep the ,moral and social present crop life cultivating the soils of the frozen
falsehood. The entire matter of cotton
and One mayask
syndicates. and which
panies North West raising on
I atmosphere around us clear and whole reports ,seems ,to have drifted into the crops
:., amazement "Is there)not i capital
in the freight is often not realized, when
some-E. M. KING, in Palatka hands of the bears, who have resortedto
i enough among .American 'millionaires Times. every device to exaggerate the size of you can buy land from the undersigned,

., to run their own business?" Surely . the present crop. rich and fertile as any known, lands, '

it is their'own fault if they let foreigners Mr. Dixon on the Alliance.The During the entire season, money, as and where you can raise a crop that the
:: L take it of their hands. This usual during the harvest season, has
out United States Government will
Rev.Thomas Dixon had something been tight. About the middle of February pay a.
7' fault is shown in a recent article in to say for the Farmers' Alliance yesterday when all cotton will have left the BOUNTY of$Ioo on each acre. ,

the Forum by J. S. Tait. He writes:, in his remarks preceding. his sermonin hands of the farmer, the puckering HOLD, On, this isn't all. You can sell .
"These(English) institutions launched Association Hall. He said that it was strings of the money bags will have
the said right there in home
that the recent election crop your
by no means sure become loosened and a big mistake will
.. company ,after company, each embodying had proved death blow to the Alliance- ,have been discovered in the estimate of market for $250 per acre. You ask for

an American property, on "thiS'nameless' hobgoblin with hayseedin the crop, and cotton will go up like a the "How" and the "Wherefore."

the London market; and, on the its hair." kite. Brother farmers. this is your loss, Quite right-facts and figures count best. ,
; whole, with very conspicuous success.- "The simple truth, is," he said, that ,you have, got it to stand. The profits 'f'
4 They went about their work in a busi all this talk about the death of the Farm.era' that go into the hands of the speculatorare Plant the Land with Sugar Cane. ]
Alliance and Industrial Union is the profits of honest toil. It is
ness-like and in your
way, a manner that TO OLD Farmers and careful
cheap partisan, your money out of which you have been perus '
recommended itself not only to the "Its life was not involved in the fight. robbed.-Florida Alliance. ers of papers, the fact that there js now i

\ firms whose business they sought to .Tf....: was not: sprimialv,, affected b moral: established near Kissimmee, Fla., the
but also the American elections because it is primarily a. *
acquire, to not a movement. The movement It is somewhat amusing well as sat- St. Cloud Sugar Refinery, is, stale

political
investing?' public,- who, from being 'is in its last analysis a religious isfactory to find Brother Vason, of the news.Ve are talking to all our

mere ,uninterested cm-lookers: ,.became movement and finds its basis on the' re- Florida Alliance, arguing in favor of the friends. Sugar cane can be raised as

stockholders to quite a considerableextent. ligious nature of the millions of undermasses present tariff, at least for oranges, tobacco cheaply as corn, and Uncle Sam will
_5 who its rank and file. and onions. These are Florida'sox
"Not & single compose one of the problems that and he does not want the animal pay you a bounty of two cents per poundon

There is no doubt thata very large i gave birth to this movement has been gored by any "tariff reform", bull. At the manufactured sugar. The St. .
share of the which the conclusion of /a long article he Cloud Osceola Co Fla .
success has at i met as yet. 'They have not even..been says: plantation ;, :,
tended these American capitalizationsin given'a. hearing. They have been hooted "We don't believe that the hard{pressed averaged 4,500 pounds of sugar to the '

E4 Great Britain has been due to rigid out of court by ,the third assassins of farmers disposed and to make fruit growers further of sacrifices Florida are for acre last reart.and it will go 5000pounds

a scrutiny of the properties.( The breweries thought in the older parties, who. fight thIs'year.METHODS .
j.. c not for principle but for office. an idle sentiment.

: acquired were first carefully ex .' .'!spite; ,of good crops, gambling in "We don't believe that they are goingto ? This! isn't the only big'r
brewer. The the bread of world still holds starvation to their doors to please
a starving
!,, life however.
estate machinery the politicians. They are more concerned chance of your The -.
real, and other tangible its carnival of hell on the floor of your
cultivation of rice lands about Kissimmee
in securing a just reward for .'
exchanges.
assets were then valued by com Conservatives may hoot and pooh! their toil than in the benefits that are to is to become an assured, profitable ',-:

petent, appraisers, while the books and hah! but the movement is one of resistless -' come from the 'dear* dollar. and low fact. There is no richer or better ,1

were being examined by the account- power. You had as well try to price.Ve truck and market-garden lands in the I
believe further that the discus
back the with tail
s .ants.The sweep sea a goose's sion of the tariff now is not only inop- world than the land on ,the rich over .;
feather to to it with the
i duties performed by the latter as try stop pen
of ridicule. You had as well try to dam portune but utterly impracticable. Thereis flow, or bottom lands about Kissim .r
gentlemen in this country were of the deficit of thirty-eight millions of Write confirmation Col "
the Niagara with an anathema.NewYork mee. for to ,"
most onerous, description. Herald. dollars in the current expenses of the .
A. K. McClure editor Philadelphia
General Government. Expendituresmust ,. .
In many instances it was found If a fort must >represented why t not be curtailed before there can be Times, who has personal knowledge.Then <

that there had been no pretense at all give Ft. Pickens, the invulnerable? A any reduction of the tariff-the main in lands for, orange groves, or f

of intelligent book-keeping; in some fort which withstood the assaults, by source of revenue. At the present time groves already cultivated' or bearing, .

cases profits had even'been purposely ,sea and by land, of the Confederate the; tariff is a dead issue and" no good can I can satisfy you that your best interests i
, obscured to avoid taxation. No allowance for during the civil war and which result from its discussion.
lie in seeing me before any one else. *
never lowered its colors. If wish
you
had been made for depreci-
! something to attract the attention of the BEAUTIFUL HOMES. The healthfulness 1
,. ation of plant. Generally ''speaking! ; Northern people give them Ft. Pickens, A Noted Divine Seysl! and beauty of Kissimmeehave
every-principle of sound bookkeepingw which, for over twelve mont *without "I bare been uingTntt'>
. outside aid unfurled Weak Stomach aniltiTeneMTwitb never been questioned. No .J
:; bad been neglected. Probably ,no any government for
; better accountants ever entered from its battlements the glorious' stars afflicted.Tuft's. which I bavoloag diphtheria, no consumption, no pneumonia Ii
upon been
and stripes of our country during a -in fact, read our medical .
.
1-: an. investigation than were sent over of convulsion and ;
.a vI period political an apPeal Beautiful villas
'cottages, or
here to examine the books of intended report.
to the force of arms which threat- J
suitable for residences. Write
}It b settlers. They were men of vast experience ened to rend in twain our country. Pills lots ,

' and, of such a, reputation Far,more readily would the ,Northern for terms and particulars. .

.} that when they certified to, certain visitor enter its to them hallowed precints COME SOUTH, And get; untold
than that of a dozen Ft. Mnrions.1C .-
'if" profits their voucher was as good as'I' ton,Clarion., ,ARE A SPECIAL BLESSING. quantities of the grandest climate, !1' ;

',. that of the Governor of the Bank of .** I X..Terhad..7t1dDl'todome.omaelaiEOOd. the world free with each acre of ground

f England;, and the, British public',never The Dunedin Alliance met one the 21st I reccommend extstance.them to "aU mm purchased. Come where you caa:.tiil

' thought for.a moment of "going behind and elected a delegate to the County I tike beat>> B.medicine".F.B.OSOOOD New York. the soil twelve months in the year

it." There is no need to quote Alliance. Convention at' Tampa on the SOLD EVEBYWHEBE.Office At least write to,me,for full pardcukWM. -
33d. Mr. G.'L. Jones elected dele-
, article. was 41 Park Place N.HiT CANNON
further from this gate and L. B. Skinner alternate. The ,39 & ,

i Now for a little-practical advice In object of the convention is ,to, arrange dioth.Klm".tKee, Fltt
A'.n: t rih4laI Dla ton Companies
t any matter of business 'between torn for I a County Fair. I hope the S. F. &; with-1doie'.HJattAuto-- for the Associated Railways laDda,&ad.m ..>
i ilf or more .have a written: ,W. and,F. C. & P. will h ve..moregeIro&i.y. !- ,$*D C:UUjfa&titf Cash single,Oriflge Sizer will size lands: of Ktutmmee Land Co. '
; .persons to' word.b(- 'thin',ow*,poor) puny" little one 450 box*%per day. Hundred glow in use. Send Phosphate, sugar cane, rice, trackingfruit
f '- agreement;dofcVtrust any horse Orange Belt Ry! Co., which refusesto for testimonial sheet order earl This. is acknowledged grazing,timber, general farming, ;i
:I mouth! promise, not even from your give'' ajudtcrata. ..Itiwoulctbe J very brer in' existence by aU to B.be': H.the, MttrsBIebursr beK.:and SKtt'cheapest cu:. Tract hotlrrei ladeSend; AT map' sbewiag

: own.brother, whether it be a partner- much benefited by the Fair, in the shape ,'Fla. JO s rot aeds.

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/ loci- I ; : ; ) FRUIT-GROWER. |;DECEMBER,.31,1891; .

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;N.: N-. FERTILIZER.: :

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S To Orange Growers and {
;
The Belleview Phosphate is the contains at ;least three times more available, plant food. than.can'beu

;found in any commercial acidulated ; : '.

t" : '.: "We have the most complete '

.. It is the best because while its there is no possible danger in its use. It being a great absorbent vof

it is of great.value as a alone. Hundreds have used it, ami they all give glowing testimonials -
:
t''m, of its value. Chemists and .
We want every: orange grower the following extremely low prices, at the mines :

t. 0 Per ton, undried in bulk,_ $5 ; ; bulk? $7.50 ; sacked, $1,extra. Special prices in round lots. _
, Fifty pounds for a full bearing to size of tree. '

'. It is good for cotton. It is for all kinds of fruit trees. It is good for strawberries and'all.kinds

of vegetables. .; ,:
"". '___ and Treasurer.
: : .' Secretary
** ?' Box 519, JACKSONVILLE FLA.

i The'analysis' of..this' soft' ,. : ..'. .-.
-
,v : v:'- .......*.................;18.76' : \ .
1 : .......v..................4.56, .,.t-j ;
... ..". : .. ...:."".'.-(27.63)( ) -
rtc .....%.'., ......"..-......60.73 ; v: '-- .
'. ; ..............:........... .74 '
VV ................:......... 2.07 '
V : .......................... 6.59 .
................... -...... 6.55 .
'
_, *:4. He also says : "Your phosphate ( ) gradual steep under, the influence of rain water,provided perfectly '
burnt and pulverized in fine powder." .:

.' The same eminent chemist gives of Ammonia, which is about the same strength as rain water,

I as follows : .
"Two Analysis giving 48 j> per cent. soluble in Citrate of Ammonia, an 'average of 49.70 percent .

-, of Bone Phosphate of Lime, the fc'f' of Ammonia." .

,, The' greatest amount of available is 6 to 9 per cent. .

_. JACKSONVILLE, FLA.,June 12,1891.
BKLLKVTEW PHOSPHATE COMPANY, GIBBENS, SECRETARY BELLEVIEW- PHOSPHATE; Co., JACKSONVILLE, FLA.; : Dear
benefit, and(Orange Farmers in Florida,
your Company in April is entirely satisfactory. find my order for two more cars of Soft Phosphate. I have used
I placed the same on one hundred trees in. of this Phosphate, and have noted with much interest its effect on my
most wonderful growth,given the foliage a The first car load I applied to something over five .hundred trees and
is just what is required, at small cost. I shall .
continue use of Commercial Fertilizers, adding been simply marvelous. The adjoining five hundred trees received no fertilizing
cheerfully, recommend it to Orange Growers. between the two fields is something wonderful. On one side every tree has start.
growth. The finest foliage that I have ever seen in a grove. The trees which re>
T. D. GIBBENS, Secretary Bellevier have just commenced to start up. Mr. McMasters,of the firm McMasters&
sorer to your inquiry; What have been the visited my grove a few days since and expressed himself as being very much
Company's SOFT PHOSPHATE? I am happy : growth of the trees where the Soft Phosphate had been applied. If you remember
deed I have only tried it in its RAW STATE, of Phosphate was made less than sixty days since,and, until the last few days\.we
pulverized),on Roses last fall and this spnng rain.
Tree,especially the latter,where I tried it that one ton of the Belleview Soft Phosphate has a greater value as a plant
.Apparently there is very little difference in the of any Fertilizer that has ever been brought into the State and I would warmly icc-
the price is so great that I hall use the Soft to the Orange'Growers of the State ,
Yours truly, Yours truly, GREBNLEAH,
S( .
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I l' Of the various checking the ,Foot-Rot their groves, this. ,


I :; combination. has given ,tried. Except in cases where' the disease


I '" is very: far advanced the reach of human aid, it can be 'dependedupon


; : to remove the dl and upon bearing trees cause full development ...


s ', .- .of the fruit. : ... : ;
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-. ; .' ,: Agents .

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.DBCBMBBB,31,1891, ] ... 'A' THE FLORIDA> .;DISPATCH. : FARMER.AND>' FRUIT-GROWER:. ,_. ...._.." __. 1065


'fc .***
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THE .1 }to..' t\ Tardiff and Fruit '-
Orange Leonardy Grape ;>1f 1-

.
Jacksonville'TampaKey -
LAST spring'buds on stocks from.%' to'2 inches in diameter. As thrifty health] hFlorida
well-rooted trees' as can probably be found'in,the State. The Leonardo '
.
I" C Grape Fruit, though a hybrid grape fruit and sweet orange, is practically a typ!-

, : :& West System cal grape fruit of superior quality. Also Mango and Avacado pear trees. .

> ii.i 3m CYRUS W. BUTLER,' St.'Petersburg, Fla.
j. .
!, ANDEAST'COAST
J GREAT. OFFER "isssar UPRIGHT PIANOS.

LI NESS Panel FINEST FACTORY

,s.I I Organs, IN UNITED STATES ,

Extending Southeast, South, and $35. Always ready for QUICK SHIPMENTS of Finest
i On trial in Pianos and Organs Direct to Your Homes.701lrhome Central and Peninsular

| I Southwest from Jacksonville, cover before From REV.JAS M:-POTTS% D..editor of Michigan =:
I paG'I { Christian Advocate,DetroitMich.: "To say that RAILROAD,
over one thousand miles of tropical i Addrew we are delighted with the Piano does not express
the fact. We are jubilant. If all your instruments THE FLORIDA TRUNK LINE
)I I country, and reach all prominent The,T.Swocer Son Pianos a. Organs are as fine in appearance and as pleasing in tone" asBEAVER (Formerly the F.B.&N. Co.) offers Increased
PA
FALLS
this will rise the hundred.
1 one your patrons by facilities this season for travel to Florida
} winter and summer pleasure resorts From PROF. B.H.PECK Valhermoso Springs, Ala.: "We could not be pleased better with having In addition to Its old and
j tbe'casing or tone;quick in response and melodious. In short we are highly pleased with the organ." connections, the LOUISVILLE &: popular
1' of Florida: From B. D.GRIGGS,Adairsville, Ga.: "I am well pleased with the organ in every respect. It is VILLE B.R. at the River Junction and the '
j all you claim it to be." GEORGIA SOUTHERN A FLOR1DAtheSuwannee (
! From Y. M C. A. per J. G.COOLEY, Hillsboro, N. C.: "The'organ gives enire satisfaction. River route to Florida),arranged K
\, THE :EAST COAST, Every one who has seen it is very much pleased with the instrument and the price on the same." fora new route from the West and Northwest ..
From BEN. F.STEELE, Presoot. Ark.: "M + family is well pleased in every respect with the via Montgomery Balnbridge and Monti
THE GREAT: LAKE REGION, srgan. How you sell them so cheap is a wonder. .. cello, carrying through sleepers from CIN-
CINNATI TO TAMPA.
i THE PHONATE FIELDS, The road has now no less than

;? TEEFJdraAPPLE FIELDS, JOHN CLARK, SON & CO., Seven Points of Connection With

,TEE ORANGE GROVES the North, "

AND lifiOCCliS AND COIIISSION IBBGHAHTS namely Fernandlna,Callahan Jacksonville,
t Live Oak,Lake City, Monticello I and Rlver-
!? THE FRUIT AND VEGETABLE DEALERS IN- making comfortable connections
.. with Chicago Kansas City and all northern
SECTIONS.: cities, for which this road Is specially in-
Coal, 'Hay, Grain, Wines, Liquors, Cigars, Tobacco, Etc' augurated.
The Florida Central
a JACKSONVILLE FLA.
(1 and Peninsular Railroad
PRICE LIST OF WHISKEY.
THREE THROUGH TRAINS Parker..__..__.____._'1.75 J. Olstrtln Bye._____. _*3.00 Is the greatest artery of travel through the .
Orange Valley....._._._..__ 2.00 Virginia Glade___......._ 4.O6 finest parts of Florida, traversing twenty-
J VIAr SpringValley.......____.-_ 2.5O Old'Bonrbon.............-__.._ 5.00 four counties-Gadsden, Jefferson, DuvaJ,
North Caro ina COrD,.... ___ 2,6O Kentucky Sour .!Iasa.........._, 5.OO Alachua Lake, Leon, Suwannee, Nassau
Clifton Club. _.--__.._.__ Old Baker...........__.__ 5,00 Levy, Orange Hlllsborough. aJJa.
r Tn: TfnDk LinD.J Montrose Velvet..._..._._..__6.00. Columbia, Clay, Marion Polk, Manatee
TroDical Madison, Baker Bradford Sumter, Her-
Jigs extra: 1 gallon 25c., 2 gallon 50c.f 3 gallon 75c. Remit by post ofei nando and Desolo--In their richest portionIt
money order, check or registered letter. We cannot ship C. O. D. to dry towns.A [ runs through the MIDDLE FLORIDA RBa .

r: These lines are equipped with the complete price list of Groceries, and Wine list, sent free on application. GTOX OF HILL Lands COUNTRY and where the are New the fine old
Farming Tobacco
John Clark Son & Go.
latest improved modem appliances for 'Farms

the safety and comfort of passengers Established 1856. Goo Acres in Fruit Nursery. reached by 'no other line), some of them
conducted on a large cale. Here are Quincy .
ONE ACRE UNDER GLASS.FRUITLAND Tallahassee? (the capital), Monticello. Mad
Our patrons call them the eomt'ortable
son and other towns from whose ,
ample dwellings reposing In a fertile
FINEST IN'FLORIDA.. NURSERIES: country Is coming a renewed energy to employ -
the resources Javished about them..
Htretchlng down through
.
Trains leave Jacksonville, via J., T. Aagasta, Georgia. The Peach Country% .

& K. W., 8.50 a. m., daily .except of Baker Bradford,Alachua and Levy counties -
We offer for Fall and winter delivery an Immense stock of Fruit and Ornamental trees. ,through the prosperous
doses,Palms eta suited t* Florida. All the new Peaches lately originated in Florida. Farms
Sunday; 12.15 p. m., daily; 4.00 p. Also a superb stock of Evergreens' ,Camellias,Greenhouse plants,eta Strawberry
Our products have been tested in Florida for thirty-three years past. Cata1 ngnes free. of Lawteystarke and Waldo.perhaps superior
m., daily except Sunday. Arrive 6.30 A.ddreB8 In profit to the orange grove-It goes through .
No Agents the heart of the State penetrating some of
a. m., 12, 55 p. m., 6.10 p. m. P. J. BRRGKMANS, the finest groves,one having .

Trains leave Jacksonville.East .__Augusta Ga. 7OOOO ,Full-bearing Orange

Trees, .
Coast Lines: 8.00 a. m., daily; 4-00 ''NURSERIES OF THE passing for nearly a mile between them=";
makln Its way southward to the Gulf,and to
p. m., Sunday only;. i.oo p. m., daily the more tropical portions of the State.' In
Milwaukee-Florida Co.Selected all portions of the State It reaches points of
Orange -
except Sunday.. Arrive 11.50 a. m., Scenic Interest. #

Varieties of Citrus Fruit Trees a Specialty. Waknlla Springs In the West the Suwannee
of Choicest
5.40 m. strains
p. liver, as beautiful and romantlo as It Is
Budding-Wood for sale at alt times. (famous Silver Springs, in the lake region,
" INDIAN RIVER STEAMERS. and the lakes themselves, with their surroundings .
Our stock is large and complete. PROMPT ATTENTION TO CORRESPONDENCE._ For of rolling land Interspersed wit

Catalogue and Price-LIst, address, Peasant homes in green groves,sloping dow
Leave Titusyille 6.00' a. m. daily to the clear lake fronts By means of this
road you can most readily reach the
except Sunday for' Rockledge;: Eau A. L. DUNCAN, Manager, Dunedin, Fla. Hunting and Fishing Grounds.The .

Gallie Melbourne, and way landings. B.T.J.AIlB. J. OYKRTON PAIN settler will find on the line of this roada
greater opportunity for a varied selection ot _
"1' Leave TitUsville 7.00 p. m. Mondays THE PAINE FERTILIZER COMPANY, land than on any other road in the State .
from lightest!soils to those underlaid wits
I. JACKSONVILLE FLORIDA. clay and marl, and of richest hammock-
; Vedcesdays and Fridays, for whether for regular mixed farming stoek or
> : Office 50 West Bay. Street,Warehouses and Wharves at the terminus of the F.O.A:P... R. R., dairy farming, peach or strawberry culture,
Jupiter and''way landings : Connect- St.Johns River East Jacksonville orange groves and vegetable gardens.,
The tourist will be gratified with Ita

ing at.Jupiter with trains of J. & L. Manufacturers of. Commercial Fertilizers.Wholesale route scenery.,can The find health-seeker some spot adapted on its to ample lira

W. Railway for all points on, Lake dealers In and importers of all kinds of Agricultural.Chemicals. wants.Florida the On the horseman hard clay will roads ride with of Middle speed .
l Bend us your name and we will mall you from time to time much general Information sand satisfaction, and the Florida Central
Worth. regarding successful orange and vegetable culture,In Florida. and Peninsular. is theSportsman's

For schedules, maps, etc., call l on Route.
FRUIT TREES i VINES
I 1m NOTO-Passengers from Northern connections
local address having tickets over the Florida Centra .
or the General '
agents
:of 1 EXCELSIOR IC.tl.'T and Peninsular to points in South Florid
&ttoR !
SPRAY have the privilege of being[: taken Into Jaek
Passenger Agent. WAYS SELLS AT GOOD PRlCE8.O tlo howsinj&dfiD l sonville over the Company line and allowed
: bJ within t he going limits of tin
AfWi T Q 7r a stop-over
.
B.CABTJR, w.I,. CRAWFORD. &Bene.Price*. Ad&MSThorough : lMs ticket,with return 0 their route for destiao

General Manager, Supt. Bast Coast Lines, tion free of ztra charge. Send for map of \
Practical Instruct..uu. Florida,mailed free
J.,T.&K.W.System. St.Augustine,Ma;' Graduates, assisted to positions. A. O. MACDONELL,O.P. A.,
: G. D. :&CXBRX.Y 0 0 K_ Jacksonville Fl .
B I p.| Jl free. Write to *
: ..era1 rssr kgst.rnYIItlP1m. .' COUEfiTLWBVLLE/KY/ N. 8. PENNINOTON.TrafllcMaaAfe, .
!
.. YAM & A ) S MAXWELL. esar e

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T 7 ,II/IA 1 i S 1.. blyl FJ.RMEK' ',MID 0 PEQIT-GR 1 A w/ $. LlaCEMB & 31{,,18S.,s* i

,.J,

-. :THE; LEADING FURNITURE HOUSE OF THE: STATE. '
1
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,

A.1{ ,..' LARGEST STOCK SOUTH OF BALTIMORE. >;, ,;
:
& '

V Cel'Jl"" f L. Ol\\' ,Latest Designs in Parlor and Bedroom Suites, i in Antique Oak

d"'lee 8e ./ ,.,I. 1 "r '" ,. .. Mahogany; Cherry, Walnut and ;.Imitation.. Hall- Stands, '
k : I
\ -' fI., U8 Bed-Lounges, Willow, Rcccf and Rattan i
.
', t" "" r Goods Desks of all
/ 40" Kinds and
WE SELL A/lio Styles. t
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.. 42
W
;... ;: : YOU THE BEST: Y SA
r y '
Sr.

IT GOODS ,FOR THE LEAST MONEY. clACkS 'i

!
t HOUSE FURNISHING GOODS OF ALL KINDS. QNVILkE/ .
}
; i=

f- z t:. 'Carpets,.Mattings, Curtains, Window Shades, Hanging Lamps, China' and LA. '.I

_ l'\f! Crockery Sets, Tin Toilet Sets, Mirrors, Curtain Poles and Brackets. ;

: : Hotels Boarding Houses. Shins Steamers Offices and Private
'<.: Residences Furnished from Top to Bottom. .
,. .. -I When writing,please. mention this paper. 0 <<.".,
o '1'
:!'

: : PURE DNLEACHED = .
,
.
.. :
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D
HARD
WOOD: A.SHES
:
.....
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TjlAMOM) "D" HARDWOOD ASHES in themselves of the most valuable
are one their continued
use a strong productive soil is being made which will requue'":years
i. ; and in those conditions of soil where a large amount of phosphoric exhaust. ,

..' aoid is required, no agent is so' valuable, for the decomposition Bone' Honda This brand has been shown by Prof. Robinson's report on Hard Wood Ashes '
P e fQateB, as these ashes. ,
to be the
best in
the.Florida market. They better than and without
101 The combination are now ever, 1
a'fertilizer rich in all
produces the elements
required by light doubt, are the cheapest fertilizer Florida can For other
growers use. particulars
'. -$iland in a condition that prevents leaching by'rains, the result being that in address'

11-5-381 ,
., ; G., E. DelPTTY"; Stockbridge, Mich.1ie .

L ,.

: YI LNG O FITsPERFEcTIoN f. .' IT WILL: PAy' ...

-. B' ,,.
.. .
t ur I'erfeeti..ud THOSE .
I Niplre Porp..tir the liquid aIlWlma oally..4.IU pray 10O Trop Per Jl..r.) .
..' .W.mm U>.Little Gem aDd G rfleld Knpuek Sprtjen end the VermvrcL floe
t .y.otil ,BMMt MODorateml spry aosiU lo the world.AIM a Horn Power Sprayer at law prle.
of Copper Parts flr* n and L 1l4o. fre..WrIt.sides.eptalalyt.1 Growers
.., .FIEL FORCE UMP CU.126BrLNllte.LOCKPOI TN.Y. _- Orange and Vegetable Growers :


1'' Who wish to obtain the highest market prices on their. Oranges and,Vegetables to,

Nel Planet Jr Tools$ use the fertilizers. manufactured by the ,


.. OLD ESTABLISHED AND,RELIABLE FIRM.

Among other things TWO NEW GARDEN DRILLS. One sows either THE L. B. DARLING
IN"_ DRILLS. OB HILLS,'the other in addition, SOWS' FERTILIZERS EITHER FERTILIZER'CO.,
ABOVE OR BELOW THE SEED.

Great Improvements too in "PLANET JR." COMBINED SEED DRILL AND of Pawtucket, It* I.,

WHEEL HOE, in the ,DOUBLE AND'I SINGLE WHEEL HOES and marked. Who manufacture only the highest grades of animal fertilizers. These fertilizers;
r changes in HQA8E HOES AND CULTIVATORS.' are so made that they keep up a Vigorous, Healthy Growth, and remain in 'the'
The fine NEW TOOLS:offered in 1891 are made still more attractive for 1892. soil until the Tree or Plant can take it up. ". ,.
SEND IMMEDIATELY FOR NEW CATALOGUE and fall description of all the Southern office and warehouse at Jacksonville, Florida.
t geode as BOW:made.. It is impossible to undertake any satisfactory description here. .

I I. S. L. ALLEN CO., HOT Market St., ttiliielfhla, '8. O. B. WEEKS, State Agent,
tfe. 8 Bestwick Bleclr.

DEAFNESS Catalogues describing our fertilizers.. with prices and testimonials, seat free
upon application. .
;... Our fertilizers have given the very best of results wherever they have beep

ITS ,CAUSES AND CURE,. w used. .'. lG29fcaTO "

sy Beieatificftlly treatedby an,aurlst of world.' ,
wide repatatlun Dearness eradicated and
entirely cured,of from 20 to Jyears'stand,ng, ALL BUYERS
after all other treatments have failed. How *
,
the,dfcfleuttt. I I. reached' and th.. cause re- or
moved, fully explained in circulars,with afl -
l fidavit and testimonlais. of cures from proml-, .f1 I FANCY POULTRY.C
Ile$t people,mailed free.: .
,' Dr.A.'F8NTAINE,_19 East 14th St..N. Y.
'
5 ATTENTION!

/ : all fowl/' seat
A ; HEREAFTER by'ezpreu,
y ; will go at one-half the former
MANCHBOR r rates-a' great sariof mjrottomers. *-
This is by special arrangement -
paid only : i. and is confined to

: iui ii I .S375. I ., i *'thoroughbred fowls We from are,the my birgest y&nH. breeders la >Florida." oi-

LXfta :For. .'tbcrery.Jflaao.same -, j s Come and see poultry our stock or send
i for. oar illustrated cntnlognc> and
Neitbronewasworth a nickel over$880.InsvreYwsftlf. AJLLIA \CE Cri.TlVATOH.! : ./ 'price list of 14 Tarieties.
For.field,audClalld.'grove... '"rhebelt'cultiva --r j ) Poultry uppUe of all klod,
tor I ever,saw,"Is the verdict'of all who use:it. ,, Incubators and Brooders, SfceM
: f>faMt paying or. Works either level or on a,bed;perfectly: adjust. and Bone Mills, Clover C1Ike ,.
., frirt*bj J able;eleanestcUttIBlightesttranght.c : : ., ',,' ,'! .Wire Netting;Desiocaied PMi s.
\ ovectfraLHDOEKlMTESSanutiGa. ,-.Every ..vatot. ..""fty; warranted; Price Jrtv Boiled Blood and .Bane to, make. ,
}: ODBHY & HARRISJ; hens lay. -

1Vlt.o. UTe bet<0..Atee and that the*> !. Tea cnw't p&yths., soar Hum Instrument TO HATCH..
are. aittioy woltllo TTW*n>not tndt thMway. need stationery of kind E..W.
..'WtAe te T itMt SPBCIAI,OFFERS. O.you any -paper1 '" ," AMSDEK,
#
pens and ink? If so,send to DaCpsta Fruit '
,lag and PnbKsfaJsg1 House,Jacksoavffle,',FU. ?" '''''' "",.vJ1V. ,! :'>"rseecI.w FIa.
., .9_:.' : ... 'Mi., ...J.i 1 .: y ..J it 4{r1 y + 1 .tttT" '" i

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:: ) 'JglXKflPA' DISPAICa FARMER,AND FRUIT= \ tQ
THE
1891 :
!!Jjl!31 l.. ..._-_ .. gROWER. _



The Clyde Steamship (to.o SAVANNAH. ,LINE.. : .-

Time 53 to 55 hours between Savannah New York and Phila-]

delphia, and between Boston and Savannah 65 to 70 hours.

New York Charleston and Florida Lines:


Ocean Steamship Company.Central .

The magnificent Steamships of this Line .are ap-

poin a to sail as follows, calling at Charleston, S. ( or W Meridian Time) !

Plas s acre Rates s
C. bptn
:
ways Between Jacksonville and New York: 1st class,125.605 Irtermedlate,119.00;Excursion,94UO
(8TAND BD.TIMX ) Steerage,$1X50.
From New York, Jacksonville., ; i
(1 29, K. IL) STEAMER. Florida. Jacksonville and Boston:Cabin SZTjOOj Intermediate,J2LOO; ExcurslonJf7.SO; BteeraceIU5''
Ka.1da1t.Dee.. 28th, at 8 r. Jan. 3d, at 6:30A.M. THB J .c1ill1oenl8te&m.1h1peotth1a Company are appointed to sail as follows: .
Wednesday Dec. 30th a1.3 P. .JROa.IS".sund.J'!: Jn. 5th, at 8OOA.x. l'ooxUyANNAX TO NEW YORK.
Friday Jan. 1st,at 12 so'. ..."ALGONQUIN"Thursday. Jan. 7th, at 10:00A.x. ,
llon 7L.Tan. 4iu, at a P.J(. ....CHEROEE..8unday.. "Jan 10th. at 1UOP.; > M.12th Central or 900 Meridian Time.1
Wednesday. Jan. 6th, at S p. J(. .."8EMINOLK"...Tuesday, i an. at l:30px. NACOOCHEE E .....................--::.:......................... ......Monday Nov. 2- SJIO D m
Friday .Jan. 8.fa, at 2 J'. J(. ...IROgUOJS".Thunda7.,. Sap lUb, at 4:3)A) x.Monday CITY OF BIRMINGHAM.......... ......:...... ............ Wednesday. 4- e.8Opm
..t an. :nth, at..1 x. ....YRHAB8EE'.SuJiday. ;Jin., iTtb, at 6:20A. X. CITY OF.. AUGUSTA ....d'..................._i:........ ...... ...Friday, 6. 8.UO a m
t Wednesday,Jan ISth at 3 P. K. ,Jan. 19th at 8OOA.M. TALLAHASSEE..Saturday. 7- 9.00&m
Friday, Jan. 15th, at3 Y. J(. .."CHEROKEE".Thurday, Jan. 2Ut, at 10:00A.M. KANSAS CITY.,.. ..,.............. .......... ...... ......... .. Monday, 9-- ILOuajnUSQpm
Jan. 18th, a'a P. x. .."SEMINOLE". .Sunday. Jan. 24th lit 11:3n JA. x.Wednela.y..Jan. CHATTAHOOCHEE........................ ........_......Wednesday, 11-
20th. at8P.M. .,.,..IItQQUOI8.rue dar.. Jan. 25th, bt l:30P.)(. NACOOCHES...,....... ..:..::.._ :....... .__....._.. .Friday IS- S Opm
: Jan. ,22d, aUp. M. ,, Jan. 28th kt 3iOO P M.31st CITY OF BIRMINGHAM..........:...;..... .......;........?:. ,AattPi U4000pm
Monday, Jan. C5Lh, it 8r.x..fALGONQUIN"8unday Jan. t. 5ptOA.fi. CITY OF AUGUSTA.,.......r"_... .................................Modday, : 16- 8.COpmTALLAlIAS8EE.
Wednesday,Jan. 27th at 3 p. x. .44CHEROKEE".Tuesday, Keb. 2d, at 7.-OOA.X. ...........................:........ .............Wednesday, 18- 7.00pm
Friday: Jan. 29th, at S P. x..M8EMINpLE.Thursday, Feb.trbm. 4th, at 9OOA.x. KANSAS CITY............................... .........................Friday; ,. 208.30 a m
p .. CHATTAITOOCHEE. ...............................................Saturday, 21- .*.30am
NACOOCHEE............................ .......r....................Monday, .. 2a; -.11.30 aml.oo
: CITY OF BIRMINGHAM.................-.............. Wednesday Z-- pm a
St Johns River Line.ganfor" CITY IOFIAUGUSTA.:.............:................ ................Friday. 12.80pm
TALLAHASSEE................ ...:..:._........"' ........_....Saturday, It 28- a.JIOp. {
KANSAS CITY................................'\!.! !!/..."* ............){ -.so p iD j
and Intermediate Points .the St. FOB BOSTON. :
Yom, on t
:; Enterprise! GATE. CITY..t. ......... .. ..-. ......Tuesday, Not. 15- itttpm.; '
Joims & .. ....:.t:.:.. N ... ... '
her. \ : CITY OK MACON.... ......:-;;.. ... Friday 6- 8.00pm
CITY OF SAVANNAH.........................................Wednesday, 11- LOOp m
GATE CITY .. ..:...,.... ....,,..,.,...,.:.... ......... Sunday : t5- S.00ato7.lOpjn
The elegant Iron Slde-Whe l Steamer CITY OF MACON..........:.. .....,*....,.................. ... ..Wednesday. 18- .
CITY OF SAVANNAH. .......................h.......... .........Monday, 2S- U. )&m
"OJTY: OF AOKSON"VILLE. GATE CITY :...... i. ..... ............ ........ .........Friday, 27- 3.30pm
L CITY OF MACON... '....................;...-........ ......_......Monday 80- &pup' 111
Capt. W. A. SHAW. .
roB PHILADELPHIA. .

i: .'RED'E: :IDE: 34 RY, (This Ship does NOT Carry Pse engers.) .

bEksouo........................'..-.... ... .... Friday, Nov. 6800apn
.. Capt. T. W. LUND Jr., DRSSOUGDESBOUG ..:....... .. .--.. ......._Monday.. 15- 5.80>>p.JD
.. ...... ........!...!...t..:!M- ...,..-...:............Thursday, M .28- 1..S9.P mTAE
Are appointed. to sail from.. Jacksonville, dally except Saturday at 3.SO p. m., and from 8a.n.f :
ford at g a. ''' ': PALACE STEAMERS
,dally except Sunday, m. ,

SOUTH SOU J'>.. .SCHEDULE.BeadUowiu .. NORTHBOUND.Read onnectlng with the Savannah. Florida an>l Western fUllwaf(WjrsrwsJaort: Lh 4;0 Dr

Leave 380P.M.................. .. ......Jacksonville....... ........... ......Arrive. 11.45 Up.p. x. Through to Tickets the Traveling and Bills Public of Lading and Shippers Issued to advantages principal eq,tailed tfoeta.by no East!otner: and Ilia'sor1tunl\
t 8.00 r.)(..Palatka. ..... ...... ......... ......Leave-: 700px. via Savannah: For information and rooms pwatt apply to .
4 L80A.K. ...... ... ... ............ M 2.00P.M. J. P. ,General H. R. CHRISTIAN.
.' Francta. .. ... .... ... 1' BECKWITH. Agent Soliciting Azent
i )A.M. ... : .. .. : 12.41I, X. 71 West Bay Street,Jacksonville. 71 West Bay btreet,Jaoksonvllle.
.tO A. M. ._ .. Berea ord....... .... ..... . .. 1145 A.x. R. L. WALKER C. U. ANDERSON
.. B.DOJL.M....... .... .. .. ....Blue Sprnga ..... ...... ... .... M 11.o0 A.x. New Pier No.35 ,Agent New York City Gxchanze >> Agent,
d Arrive800A.M. .. ...... .. ... ...... ... .. Hanford. .... ...... .............. .. 9.00 A.X. RICHARDSON 1j& BARVARD. Agents Lewl Wharf Building; tlMton.Savannah Oa.
'I 9.13..x. .t.Enterprise. ... ...................... 9.80 A.X. W. L. JAMES. Agent. 13 8.Third Street, Philadelphia.J. ( '
D. HA8HAGEN, Eastern Agent Sav. Fla.A Weitorn Rr. to, J81 8t'J alwiy. X. rG.
general Passenger and Ticket Office, 88 West Bay street.F. M. SORREL Gen. Manager. *. E.ARNOLD,Gen. rrav. VgU, Jaecsonrllle, "..
For Tickets apply to 8 > F.& W Railway. otDcaE8TABL1sLt .
A. IBONAIONOER. Jr., Fla. Pau.Agent,88 West Bay Jacksonville., Fla. <
.
W. .. O G D en FAY, Traveling Passenger Agent,5 Bowling Green N. Y. : D 1W76.
J. O. PELOT, Frt. AgU,on wharf foot Hogan St.,Jacksonville Fla. .
JOHN L. IIO W AID, Fla. Frt'Agent, foot nitRt..JacklOnvWe.Fla. .

,; J. A. LESLIE Rapt, fool lAttriBtnJ'acksonvUlejFla.MARSHALL I. raaiLaia.M.a.: : : 'BeaEl..S.: I
H. CLYDE, Asst.Traffic Manager,6 Bowling Green, New York. '
WHOLESALE .
THEO. G. EGEU,Traffic)Manager 5 Bowling Green N. Y. .

f: WM: R CLYIE & CO, Genl. AgQ hts, Grain Garden Seeds and .Fertilizers ,-<

;; M "mtMkitrv.B} Pbllarfelpblti. ,f 'BoWliHs, fi reels, .. T. _

SO WEST BlY STREET, JACKSONVILLE, FLAI :'
Williams & Clark Fertilizer Co. -

HAND! E ONLY THE BEST AND MOST RELIABLE SEEDS. A COMPLETE STOCK


V NEW YORK Hay, Cor:;., Oats, Flour, BranWheat, Grits, Meal' ,

: Branch Office, No. '729 Reynolds.,' \Au\ msta,46a COTTON SEED MEAL, Both Bright and Dark.


| C. D. DUNCAN, Florida! .Salesman. : ,
.
3TATE AGENT FOB
: PURE. GROUND BONF,
." t. J. E. & Clq.'s 4
Tygert
Americus Orange Tree Fertilizer, : NITRATE SODA,

Americus Orange Tree, No. :2 Star Brand Fertilizers .
MURIATE OF POTASH
Americus Ammoniated Bone Su GUAKAKTKID. ANALYSIS. ,
G sph te, .. -
IM
f. f Americus! Pure Bone Meal Americus lone and Potash, Orange Tree Comprising and Vegetable WZ SULPHATE POTASH.KAINTT .

-- Americus Strawberry Fertilizer Era
FERT1L1ZEB. "
Americus Sulphate of Potash, These Fertilizers. have no superior In the market and|*trial will convince .'
'-'---
: Florida Vegetable Fertilizer. "A
I CURE FITS WE S10K1Y7

t' RzI'ZBKI'CJCS: C. F. Winton Mandarin Fb..l Dr. H. Knight Bellevlew FJa.; M. E. When 1 say can I do not meaa manly to stop them
"
Wilson Clermont. Fla.; M. P.Godfrey Minneoia, 'la. and then TgthMnretain cin. I mean a
Address all correspondence. to WltL.IAffIN.. &. LARK FERTILIZER- CO.,.. fax radical a time cure. I bay.mad thr disease of ITTS,.EPILEPST LOOKING CHllORN[ '
..
Augusta, A.p W FALLDTO SJGKJTESS lif.4on [ warrant my remedy to wire the worst oueI. Bceiiua subject to 8 PAS XI are moll Iftely troubled wttf F
MIt! FAVORITE SINGER. otherS haft fnedl no reason top Dot D tr receiY1Da" U/nRUQ/ The best mnedr for thio I.tM *>Ubr&t dnUnillO.B.A.FAHNESTOCK'S
... sure Send M once:.>T a: treatise tad a Free Bottle at VERMIFUGE.
NEW HIGH .
ARM. Giye Express tad Port Offlo Been M 7>*rt In QM Ddneerfall..ObM"8 paruelaxlyttiatn
Infallible ij.
Style as shown in cut with fun SCHOOL dl H. O. UOOT.nau> M. C.. 183 Pearl Su, N. y.FARMERSllaw..GrI.&JJI1L. "ieitial'are 6.a. tke..vM4'tn. ,.u--
set attachments,lelf. etUng nee
1e and threading shuttle. .. ASTH'M&Dn.. 'tArrt'J' .nIXALmt
Yon can get nw ttachlnes OHLT ? sirees. 08 r"= U;tend m you* ,
'of maanfactnren. Bare CanTa&.ra' Fitting youngmen for the active datle of life. ta.Cs. attttm.. ... IaIIkJ'fT.IIIDL :FREED ,1
.. Commissions of$25. Benton Chartered by -Ie2ilI..ture'of Vlti 1ta. and l0296mBOOKS TAnllGs.II.CO..IOCI1STUI. "
trial. Warranted S yean.8MTCUTJYE tf Horsed oy tl**.chsiBber of CouitDercct Council Xii
IEWIIBIAOBIE O.vPhOadelphliFar and prominent citizens of the city where located. of every description neatly and fumbly O YOU NEED PRINTING OP ANY >>,
For caUlojfne,circulars and testimonial!,addles at DaCosta Printing and Publishing Send to DaCosta' Printing and PnbtiAhii. .
W, .'J1&7 J'n1P'. 7.crDtmSMORK.: President.Stannton/Y*; House,Jacksonville,Fla. Uonse.JacksonTine.Fla. .: *<




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THE FLORIDA DISPATCH, FARMER ANDS FRUITGROWER.. [DECEMBER 31,,,1&1

.


T ; .: J .FERTILIZERS. ,FERTILIZERS. '

___ :,;j ,
J.I *
; ,
.
,' '
*
BB.od&and, Bone, : PKicago Bone Meal! ," r -' '

.Pure Fine Ground Bone .- i..; <. < t jDark:and Bright Cotton Seed Meal; ,
''r ._ '
Potash
4.nimal Bone and ; .. Tobacco Stems, ..
,>! Blood, Bone and Potash 'I 4 Oanad&:Hardwood: Ashy :-

-.' Pulverized A.nimal ,;Bone; ,I' SuVoliate, of 3otsusrt/:. .

,'J .
"
.$!r .t' anc1: "VliDLe.: : :a"earl.n.g: : ; 'Tree.ft ; :: .

; ., Orange: ,Tree OF'oocaL, "STOTUGLS, Tree ';,"

);:;:.t";7U., :: -V-e.e-tab1 end potato Grower.GEO. : .

.: 3BL "WILSO3STJOi"West? :Bay Street, Jacksonville, Fla.

: .3. '
4" ..." -

!i FLORIDA.. ORANGES: WANTED IN. ENGLAND:

.. .' 1' : J .''f .',' :' ,
,
j:11 "As Florida oranges are now a staple fruit in the English market- to*i obtain profitable. prices, in the f utureltwilLonly.b? necessary. to export good quality and
t J sat oranges in good condition in the foreign markets. t t ,
: : Vr';f : Messrs. Smith & Crouch one of the largest, best and most reliablefrui 'IIcros in En; land, say:of the Liverpool,market. ;, that, the.demand is now so large that 5,000
i **boxes, weekly, could be handled up to January 1st, with satisfactory results if the fruit is sound on arrival. I ,
fr:<' "jr As one of the net: of apples in New York and'as a large importer of fruit from England,:my knowledge of the carrying ability of steamers enables
to select the
jne 'c* .p> ; S
v ; .i s"
,, '< '- -.Representing: ,the best Erms in Liverpool and Glasgow, and having my wn house in London,oare also further reasons why shippers should send through me.
-*"- In order to export oranges,.shippers can consign their fruit to me to New York. If on examination it is in condition to forward will have the same placed on the
[ best and fastest steamers and send a Bill Lading as .videnceof.. shipment. If not sound .enough to,export.,I will. either turn the lot over to any,New York
f firm the owner may designate, or sell myself at auction. : "' .' ;
t* The best steamers land their.cargoes in Liverpool, so that a cable'repor;,jf sales i$received in New York hi twelve days after sailing. A check'coverlng-about the
amount of the proceeds is then sent on account to the shipper, by me. In twentydays from date of shipment from Florida it te thus possible to have the proceeds in
the hands of the sb pt>enJ. .|I d
\ Please note the following facts ; -t >?. t ,, .
Large sizes of oranges, 112's-126's bring as much,as 150's and 176's. ; No matter if oranges are shipped green and are sour, the earliest possible shipments pay.
Dead Green Spanish Oranges always bring the highest_prices,.being the only.kind in the market. Oranges must not ,be shipped from; New York later than December
""IF pThere is no demand after the holidays until.March 1st. .. '*, ', : '' ', ; ; .y .-
'" Advances 75c. :per box on; your fruit will be made to such shippers as need money', and such authorized. to draw on me.with j Bills of Lading attached.
.
.Further. 'particulars and stencils will be furnished by',, <. '. .' i .,
', E., I*.'GOODSET.L, No. 103 Park Place,

or CAMPlOX CiOODSEUO & CO., LIMITED, : ...i t: '

'. ; ,No.. 15 Philpot-Lniic, London, Eng. ,
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," Bowker" j i

f' l c . '
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a'Y I
+ Pegetqbe GroW e rs

'

r. ";: ; M Uniform best results In every respect' .
-
the very e Fertilizer I ever
J" used." I. B. ,
Wy tt Sapt. Fair Oaks
I .tJi'FERFILIZERS ,, *" # Groves, Manatee, Fla ,"

: t ,
t'c.. '''TEGETABLES GROW in 60 to,;90 days

I .iii' V and, as a rule! do best on a manure that

1 is .available and about ready to nourish.

'' I Il' Bowker's Vegetable Grower is a special fertilizer

made to produce a vigorous, healthy growth* and

> is composed of chemicals especially adapted to
.A&RE CONCEDED TO BE THE MOST COMPLETE|MANURE. FOR ORANOE'.TREES.
which feed this class of in
l'... rbey1produce; a strong growth of wood and a targe yield of the best quality fruit Mr*C. Buffum, vegetables, crops a
of Staaton, Fla.says: "I am cultivating nearly 300 acres of orange and lemon trees and a nursery, to produce a healthy which withstands a
-tthe largest in the State,and I hare experimented with and tested all the high-grade fertilizers manner growth
f:. ofiered for sale in the State and I find}bun more satisfactory than any others I have use.t" Send disease and For sound "'
matures earl
', -for oar beautifully illustrated pamphlet. ; ,

r.r JRADLEY FERTILIZER CO. 27 Boston delicious vegetables of good shipping quality, usa
I} Kilby sty j AUGUSTA:, ;GA: the csr.BOWKER;'Fertilizers., ,

- -- -
Hatch Chickens by Steam Send for Illustrated Catalogue, Free. ,i

(> .IAIEi IMPROVED EXCELSIOR INCUBATOR
:wnJdot\. Thonnad In noeraBfoI ore* / FERTILIZER ) .A. M. BONO, CENT. ACENT
%wtfU.f"'/p dSrt/-lt y<*xi9. BOWKER J
.Lowcat-tinoea fint-cl Hatcher 11I&4 COMPANY. j JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA.
of"" l'w (Ousnnteed If fa'We.-to h&tch.1anw*....,.. 1I r.raatse&Dl t,
:
; PIANOS.
f s.D4eo..fGrmu.Qta UO'.UIl.l.QIIJM7.J.U;
-' ,I IWElUUDDI
rt. UNEQUALLED IN '
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done'ToucbVcrkmanzh; p iD a IIa".E.OakpedJa lfa
1.1;' ,,.Baltimore,Sand 24 East BAltlmore nit11 Well Work, ,Aurora UL i THOJUSP.SIMPSQS.Washington.: >EPAIR your:old family Bib d; Jnake them a*
: ,New York US Fifth Ave. Xl ELM tS.CAxALST.CHICAGOILL l .....H..... I PA'TBNTS D.Co No att j-s tre until Patent ob'I'I I good a* new. DaCosta Printing aad'JPubig -
. Wuhiogton 817 Market Space. StkttT DALLASTEXAS. f -. utowL Write tat lDven1<<'* House Jackaonrille,Fla : .

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