Florida farmer & fruit grower
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055765/00208
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: S. Powers
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: November 26, 1891
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note: Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038466
oclc - 01387403
notis - AKM6256
lccn - sn 95026761
System ID: UF00055765:00208
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen

Full Text
"V' ..,ro....... .':' ...'''' _.....__r -' ._ ".' -


w ....,. ,

"- : ,
., 4''>>-- '., :.
., ', -. ;,
.i .
.. 1
... .. ". '' ,
--.- .- ., i
-- ', .-. .-, JL" .. ... .. \


4LOJAi1srATcH ... .. .


1 869 1.V


fLirflhI'KI. ) FARM E ALLIANCE .. .k. :



': 'II $1 L* iJ CON80UDA NUARY 1889. ".. "

feACOSTA rOWEBS, .JaebeavUle Fla. Thursday November 26 1891. Whole No. 1r +
Proprietor: zzgi. .f"ntE: M* 48.



AGENTS Qaori AJTD OacHAao-Florida Clover Among Fruit Trees;Planting Deciduous Fruit Trees;Life ON YOUR CHRISTMAS PRESENT.
of an Orange Tree: . ,. "1
Orange Sale a(Auction;Auction Sales In Florida;From DeSoto County;Orange Propagation; Gentlemen's.fine,elegantly embroidered verat ,
JTLORIDA FRUIT EXCHANGE, Fast" Fruit Service; . 953 hand-sewed,Opera Slippers,any size, sent on t.i
Beating the Commission lien; Smudge.a Protection Against Frost; To Keep a Cow In an edpt 01.$o. Retailers price,(2.50 to s.,. ,
Orange Grove 95S .
Our Ladies' for
Dongola Button Boots
57 CHATHAM ST., BOSTON. THC VD'ET.uuAn Ideal System of Pruning No.1:Choice European Orares Florida; 953FAaxn $s., art
the best in the world for
the All
AJTO TKUCXXB od Work In Cotton; sliced Cane for Stock-Feed;Insects Injuring price. postage
paid by us. Address
Price The Universal Vegetable; .953
Catalogues of tales fttralsheta
weekly Practical .
Farm TalkI-No. 16; Wineberry; 954. POSTAL SHOE CO./
application. TOBACCOTobaccoGrowing 1-Boll Manure; Jri
Lmc STOCK-A Remarkable Cow; s. .- 55 149 Congress St.,Boston Mast.
POOT.TKV Ain .JouRT-Row to Feed: Losses of Bees . .958EDiroBiAb Send for Catalogue. it-i?' t 1
...w.BABircrr.ABfbmiei.. /.B.B&BIIftT' -Notes; Rooted Cuttings Legislation Against Unripe Fruit; Wrapping Oranges;
1816It Fruit Standaid'i Tobacco Culture; -.o 954
XARKRS-For Florida Produce; 957 PATENT GRAZING t
Questions and Replies: 967
BROS., OVa Youvo FOLKS-HOW the Deer Knew; Some Pleasant Games; 958 .
BARNETT Ova RURAL HOKX-Rose Culture for Women;Polishing Furniture and Floors;Profit In Pullets; MUZZLE.
AGENTS I Recipes; 959 "
TIm FAKHZBS lru.rce-Farm Statistics-No.7;Reply to Dudley W.Adams on National Banks; 960 OUr new Spiral Spring Muzzle allow stock: te
FLORIDA FRUIT EXCHANGE.i The Food Supply of the Future-No. 3; . 961Ruling graze and prevents browsing. Price,$i.:3 eaeft
Out Farmers; .. 963 at factory,or$1..50 post paid cash with order.MOIUUIBN t
STATE NKWS-Notes; r 963 ETC & CO.
HThoIef&le Oommiwwa, Fruit TtgitablM.ij .
f All orders to be addressed to 8. B.HTTBBAXD ft
retorns. BtencUs on aD llcatlolL Co.,who have taken charge of the business bops.
... 19 South water Street.CbJeaco. as to manufacture and sale. .

G ,.
166 READE ST., NEW YORK especially fine. We have a large stock at following prices : .
-JLUf17J': ACT17JUCBI or.c ,
SOUTHERN PRODUCE A SPECIALTY,., John L. (the earliest), $5 ,per: bushel ; Alaska (true stock), $4.15 per bushel; m

> Oranges,Lemons, Pineapples, and all other First of All and Philadelphia Extra Early, $3.75 per bushel; Bliss Everbearing w
JrulU and early truck, also, dried frail .
BBU.. furs etc. $5 per bushel. Prices of other varieties on application. 0 I IOS

Bteaell All conslenmenU and market reports promptly furnished remitted free.References for. H, G. HASTINGS & 00., Interlachen.Fla. 00 .l '.

: Bradstreets, and establlsheoehanU
A ..- and banks of the South Send for our 40-page catalogue.WHITE..__


\17H have the most practical: and powerful Grab HAS PXOVBD TO BS o
555 Vf bang Machine on earth. Simple in construc4km o -
and operation. Will pull a zo-inch tree or THE EARLIEST AND BEST GRAPE IN FLORIDA, .... ,.,a.
-hump with one horse in s to 4 minutes' time. .
Win do the work of 10 men. With proper: care It Being fully two weeks in advance of Niagara. .' l'
will last life time. We have lock
a a safety atLkeup
for the Diamond White
State Agent Grape Company.
on the spool that saves wearing thept rope
in a short tune one of the principal' objec- E. DUBOIS Tallahassee Fla And Building Material. .
;-yons to all other machines of this class. We '
guarantee: satisfaction to our patrons. Price of Also full stock of DKLAWAM Ivxs,CYNTHIA NOJLTOK CHASSEULJ CHARLESTON,ft 4 .
machine complete P. O.B.can Iowa NiAOAJif A, BLACK:TXAifBUXG
,173 and$85. Agents wanted. Territory Sigourney for sole, and all other leading and new varieties of Grapevines, native and foreign.
write for catalogue. '


i r ..n-Irt Sigourney, Iowa."BOONE'S GLEN ST. MARY. MISERIES. CKsoxrXLLB PL.L. ,

EARLY" ORANGE Ten acres devoted to testing new varieties., Thirty acres in orchards. One quarter of a million
((250 coo) trees of the finest tested varieties. Our new catalogue for 1891-93 is the most comprehensive *: .
;If not only the earliest but the best or we have ever issued,and will be mailed free on application. Address :

1 range: am ready grown to in prove Florida what or anywhere I say. Write else. G. L. TABER, :-: Glen St. Mary, Fla. ,

particulars to

n.-na PPECIAL OFF ; .-We will send the following plants, none alike,*,adapted to Florida,:free by
O mail,at prices given. Sure to grow: }
I. Ten sorts tropical fruit plants rare $z. ,
II. Ten sorts hardy nit plants,nO'Ye1t\es\ etc.,f i.jo.
l m.; Five valuable economic plants,,r. BOTH
IV. Five Bamboos and grasses|x. j
V. Ten hardy Palms,foraTenueorlawn,'s. *
' .....,1&1I.at,PI... taaaad..$ Chit .frM.'" VI. Ten fine cactus $1.50. = rom.iJ
.-BIoT.YaK Ul811weJUta 00.U..atfUIElS.&l'WlIIILtU\wr VII. Ten rare and beautiful ferns,st.So.VIII. 8M IIOIISB.
Ten hardy and desirable shrubs, $s. -.
I%. Five hardy shade trees selection,$i. .. i'i.. .
For|ta the entire nine eolledions,73 plants. .: '.

: ; lo-lS-6m BE&SOllEB BRO} Oaece Fla.X. :4if :'
., ,. : '" ;

Biz' days earlier than THE PAINE FERTILIZER COMPANY .. ..'
any varlets tested lithe : VALVE HOSE, ETC. "
A ierlt'1,Kx. Ground
at OcMva,N.7. Colo JACKSONVILLE, '. ... FLORIDA. ., Afr

tender ssceoisb, sweet wh1t.and pmlp der Offlee. Went Bay- Btnwt, Warehouse and Whines at the tormina of the. 11'. O.*!P.X._ Z., Write "for Estimates;, .
thatroot Johns River,Et Jacksonville HB r

'Manufacturers of Commercial Fertilizers. PEARS F6R. PROFIT! IN. 'THE-54., $..I. TN.t r r +;

mark obr :rrdstefed laeel. Bead tnd t* Wheleaale dealers In and Importers of all kind of Af rlenltural ILLUSTRATED_ LIST, J'JYI" ,. .

.: > t a wttM I_ r information.' .Jitw Aeents CaMa waaSOJift. *.av Bead 9M'you*name and we will mall yom from time tolam;Mmeh. Saul bin 11; .......c. Jtmnmry Oe., TRi. Jo t .

ncantlas soeeacfal. orang tat Tegetakle. omltare IB Florida., "11.. .... '., ;:.-,

.. .rL .
.. ...
fi .
., .
\". S \ .
.; -
., :..i1 ;: at .; :--t>:

,," ." .:,;:," :.i .r (' : ? ., ..' .J .
4' : ; [ :.: : :: !--4/J: f ; ( -t; 7 '
: ,' .. (
a .;




c ..
'., _. .


:' .. _, l
: .. 7''''' '
:- ..' J ''
<'. to( -:"'T.\. .. .... of .
"i', .... .
I. ,; L : '1 :,,;r.-; .....,C.aSl: :JT: I--- .. ..."J. .;......

? ,. -TO- .


r +s :, El: '
; a t _______ f____ Yes; if you use the right material. No; emphatically, no, if solutions. made with Potash, Caustic Soda;f Salt
r, Whale Oil Soaps and kindred caustic substances are used. These solutions, by hardening the bark, do morkrm, {

;> '*, ... to the trees than would be done by the insects sought to be destroyed. -


entirely free from such substances. Trees sprayed with it are noticeable for the bright, yellowish color of the bark, which always indicates a vigorous,
healthy. condition. -
', ., It is sure death to the Red Spider, Rust Mite, Scale Insects, and the various forms of Fungi.: It is now believed to be a specific for the "Foot-Rot"
And' a possible remedy for the:Blight. Has been used by more than 500 orange growers the present season with satisfaction. w '


i" Spraying machinery in great variety at Manufacturers' prices. Orange Box Material, Wrapping Paper, Hoops, Ladders, Clippers., Nails, etc,>.ofthe1
.bist. ,. and as cheap as the cheapest. .. x

*;' \ ; '- .-, ... .,. E. BEAN Jacksonville, Fla.Sendfor ..J
; -' .
; circular and price list. :' > 1r'
&it ;!. .' ..
_7 : '.: : "SULJPHUR h SOLUTION, : : :.


;.", Is \the most effective compound! discovered for destroying the insects infesting the orange tree, arid i is a sovereign remedy
: i5r' the'various forms of fungi on trees and plants. Being free from all substances of a caustic, corrosive or poisonous nature, it can

:. ;ie4handled with perfect safety to the person, and applied to t the trees at any stare:of growth without injury.

4' This insecticide has been used by some of the largest orange rrowersin the State during the past two years and has oiven:

,( perfect satisfaction. References furnished on application.

if FOR RUST MITE USE ONE OUART TO FIFTY GALLONS OF WATER. When used at this strength the trees should be sprayed

.y. : 'for the Rust Mite twice a month through the season. Where labor constitutes the principal Item of expense in spraying trees it is bettertnd
cheaper to use the Insecticide at full strength, viz.: One gallon of solution too gallons of water, as the fumes From the Insectit -
.\ Ale will Kill the Rust Mite even if the solution should not happen' touch them. in using the Insecticide at this strength it will save

4 .. face or four sprayings. through the season, thereby reducing the cost from one-third to one-half. This is an Advantage Possessed ,by
.., .: I M other Preparation of Sulphur if used in this'manner it will also kill the other insects that may be moving the trees.
:FOR RED SPIDER and SCALE, use one gallon to fifty rations of water. General directions for using sent on application.

; :PRICE 20c. ,PER GALLON, in barrels. If there is no agent in your vicinity, write for price delivered.

'.. SPRAYING APPARATUS furnished to our customers at costMcMASTER

+, ,{. : : & MILLER, .San Mateo and Citra, Fla. -
.1 ,. .
.. .
\ !f11>- -



1 a.! AND

,. A"r r h J1eoP1; Cr 114 a :J:) 1"p: at: 01h: :L.1 n. e- '
i r With the Magnificent Connections .;
4 ...$
;," \The .(Great =Fast Express Freight System of the South!" '

.t .. _
.- .Mijentipn of shippers to directed to the Plant B. B. Line between Havana'Key West and Tampa,and South.Florida Hall war between Tampa and Sanford 8. F A: W.By.'be-
tei.en. Jacksonville:Ga1n Bainbridge, Hirer Junction and Savannah, Savannah and Charleston,and Ocean Steamship Line between Savannah,Philadelphia B 8ton :if" -
J..4':; Yem,and Merchants and liners Transportation Comp between Savannah and Baltimore ,fihe.bcet'equlppedfkateatsad nat prompttnesbetween all j>oWW PlortdAiiSS -"rM
\. :r ... North and Northwest./..:Bueivers and, profit,by the following unparalleled connection, : +TTJTOXTH
I _tnI')). ,BOUTH BOUKJ: ).
.i dally tert freight Mrrle Jar all ,.polnU. West via Albany,Jet up, Bainbridge and.i' Double daily'fact freight.service from all point*.North and West via Albany,Batn ,
: ; Jesup and Savannah: all points.in Florida; faff2reight trainYboth. via.JalBesl ls_
Atlantic Coast Line to all Eastern,Interior son ville,Callahin aDd Live Oak. *"
\ ; t Coast fiat ttoSudtoc eSrYorkBoston:: Philadelphia,Baltimore,Washington and, ..Jour ships a week by,the fleet steamships, of the Ocean Steamship Company,sauinglies
\ : New.YorkfNeTrPleraS, ,,North. rf)direct for>Bavannan Monday. ,Wednesdy.Frid. .l yMt*
,. 'l'oureonneeUon.-WMk for New York via Ocean*teaBishlpCoaapanyle., .. Tlng.. SaTaxmabSKs .. Saturday. *: -*** -" j i1 .
: c J- : ; TheBoston and Savannah Steamship Compattt!! ; :
,' > ,, ,Fridays and Sattudays. steamerswillIe18and 7 a.
: ass ) I n'-Tra Ooln- I Z..tor.BaTannah 'direct, .
far Baltimore;via { ereUBW-aad parfatian mak1nr"eonnecUo."on't.he dock Savannah wits '"
train for an In Flortda.
+!' MtTrieaT-meBaTannaheTery' Wednesday and Saturday. freight polnta
: r. eBnectlons for Boston via Boston and Savannah Bteanuhlp'. Coapnyr. .. leaving 1Ia! T..nnah- From Philadelphia via Ocean Steamship Co..-leaving'Philadelphia May I, 11 awl -A.
...c.U.-lI.andZo c. every five days fromyegular sailing day'Tla New York to Savannah. -
.. OMmeettOBa for Philadelphh Ievery| ten days, Ta 'Ocean Steaaslilp Company,laving I From Baltimore via Merchants and Miners Transportation Co., 'every T-TTtlrr .a4
.' si nah June 4,If and 8!. Friday,.maklnfclose I ,connection with s., F.* W.Ryder' all. .potato. Flokto._ -
.. lolling days for Steamships. ..are*. subject">4r-'I .to.ehne: without.. notice.' '
_,,,fieTida Dispatch I.4JieJa.U e Quiekedland| best freight route from an points. Nertb a.East asdWest to Florida. For full particulars a. steacils and shl&isfsjsftt .R8'1fU I..M
.eBte of tfeaboT, lines or.fo *vr.F.JI..UUEEt'. '6-iqTH )' gist:ANet8afsaush:;'k "'.
.'...'WENS,Trafio Manager,Savanmah,Oft. I .J.7.APT.Tl&II.I-I5ATam1&hOa.,Qs :W.M.DAYIDS(1Xl.n: 'i Agw#,:Jae1ses "'..;,,aRs 'I
.',1 .."'P r:7oZDAX, .' ,Qalnoy. J.g.D Z, V ABwt,J&eksoav111. ;J.H.STKrH: !t .r.," .
.. ,. : <
,. '"
I'; "; :....j ,: '" "f .

., r r
: .
: .
Tl: :( : '" "

,. .... --: t

: JJ


'. .:
6. .
.. e .
;<:': :- .
;;' \
: .
'- '

': HEVrhORIOADlSVfCH.: :' \
o .
: \ ,

\ '


\ ,



tion of fertilizer. Beggarweed, on I and that withholding the knife at Life of an Orange Tree. \.

1fOlle and Orchard. the other hand, instead of being a this time you are losing growth instead I The life of an orange tree, ,under 1..
soil is soil enricher. It
depleter a of it
A gaining (as many people the accumulating disasters of the '
makes better hay than crabgrass, think,they are doing) by trying to re- ....
Florida Clover Among Fruit: Trees. present time, dieback, foot-rot, scale,
shades the ground equally well in the tain all'the growth that has been already -I '
wilt and last but
Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: I by no means least,
heated term and does not rob the made.
When the buds
I believe the time will come when com-j the sapping of its very constitution by
but rather feeds them. t
I' orangetrees mence, to throw out from the stem of
the Florida clover beggarwced will the fatal facility of budding, is getting
Its roots bring up potash and phosphoric the tree thus pruned, rub ofT all but much foreshortened.
be criterion,of' The last chapter -
as sure a good farmingas .
acid and, decaying, leaves them three or four at the allow
top, only
red clover is in the North. The of the new revelation we publisheda
near the surface for the .orange rootsto that many to grow, and the .tree will
farmer fruit-grower will week or two ago, a method for .
good or
grow feed on, while at the same time the make a well-formed, shapely head
'" it, and the poor one will not, and by "making a sixryear-old grove in three
congenial shade and dampness under the first season. If it seems to be "
this circumstance we shall know them. years. To the sound conservative
the plants promote nitrification.It making too open a growth (not thick
orchardist this is
During a recent visit to the capital is a well established fact in Middle enough top) it can be easily thickened a
pleasing revelation. Instead of the
city I noticed particularly the increasing and West Florida that "oldfield" I i
an up by simply pinching off the ends of old
grand seedlings which lived at
prevalence of beggarweed in the completely impoverished by the tender new growth occasionally, Mandarin .
at Athens, at Fort Harley
cotton and corn fields all the way cropping in cotton can be restored to a during the first part of the summer. and other
.. west from Lake City to Tallahassee; good degree of fertility in a few years Prune pear and plum trees about the places sixty or seventy
years, yielding forty boxes a
and it gives me pleasure to note thatit it year
by sowing beggarweed, pasturing same as peach trees. each have
we now tender budded
is also speading down the peninsula.A through the summer and turning under Place the roots of the tree in the
of whose life
wisps trees hardly' *
State paper recently recordedthe the-seed and the remnant of the foliagein position that they should occupy, throwon life extends "
beyond of :a peach tree.
shipping of ,several bushels of the fall. some fine dirt and remove the R
the seed from Madison Volusia' The old notion that, a strong-
to. grow
The beggars will not interfere at all board; one man should now hold the
county.It with the cultivation of the grove, if tree in a perpendicular position, while ing or vigorous rooted stock would. .

is well known to the best orch- this- n, _is_ desired_.___ __, since___, the__" ground may the other firmly, packs_the'best:, pulverized add scion strength is and vigor to a weakly "
ardists of the Eastern States, espe- be constantly stirred up to May or earth obtainable in close contact utterly exploded by' modern' .

cially in Western'New :York, that red even June; then the moment the cultivation with every root and fiber.- This shouldbe physiology. The converse of this-

clover is.aboutthe best possible crop is stopped and; the rains begin done with the hands. Have the namely, the grafting of a vigorouscion

in which to seed down a bearing or- the ground is covered with a thick man who performs this part of the la- upon a more slow-growing,

chard. The long tap roots serve bothas sheet of beautiful green, for this plantis bor get right down on his knees to it; certain weakly or restrictive conduce stock-may in ""

drain-tiles to mellow the soil and self seeding year after year. he wants to be able to show a good, cases to precocious

as feeders to bring up mineral salts There are pine lands in Sumter big patch of Mother Earth on each fruiting, but certainly the same result \ ,

from the subsoil to which they have a county which have been in cultiva knee of his trousers, and both hands could be more readily obtained by

tendency to descend in the water of tion thirty years, and they are more also coated with it to his wrists. After other and more simple cultural *
methods. Dr.-Wallace in his
rains. Not only that but the clover productive now, the owners say, than the roots have been thoroughly "Acclimatization ", in chapteron
does not form a sod to bind out the new lands just reclaimed from the forest packed'' with the hand, throw on more ," his latest
work "Darwinism
tree-roots, but, the plants standing at right beside them. And this remark- soil and pack with the feet. Be careful says that the

a considerable distance apart, the soil able preservation of fertility is due in and do not plant the trees too deep; I eastern orange trees, as introduced to'
and increased
is kept shaded, loosened,up and en. large measure, if not wholly, to the remember that nearly all trees do better Italy tender and by grafting, until continued

riched. friendly offices of the beggars. I fully with the base of their crown-roots unsatisfactory

Now, the action of our Florida believe,that a good coating of beggar- at or near the surface; orange trees in the practice of rearing seedlings be

clover exactly the sam It has no weed plowed under once a year, or particular must receive careful attention gan. Again, even our greatest

such pernicious effect as Bermuda twice if desired, would be equal to in this respect, and their crown- English experimenter and cultivator of
fruit-trees Thomas Andrew
." grass in binding out the orange roots ten dollars worth of the best commercial roots should be rather above than below Knight,
and choking the tree. It is even less : fertilizer per acre. the level of the ground. After began to doubt the efficacy of grafting
toward the end of his
objectionable,on this score than crab- POULTNEY. having thoroughly packed the ground career. ,
grass, for crabgrass forms a dense Okahumpka. around the roots of the'tree, a pailfulof Along the northern confines of our "

matted sod for the brief time while it water, held high in the air, and orangebelt. the increasing severity of '\

is growing that cannot be otherwise Planting Deciduous Fruit,Trees. poured down the trunk of each tree the blizzards is leveling the budded

than stunting to the tree for the time Mr. Geo. L. Taber gives the fol. will be beneficial; this will so thor- groves to the ground.. The,dominion Z .

being. Moreover, Florida clover js lowing excellent directions. To cut oughly settle the dirt that 'there will of Boreas, like the northern barbarians >:

\ one of ,the legumes or leguminous the tree back before planting, as he probably be some vacant spaces at the pressing in upon toe Roman ,

family, .so that it may almost be here advises, requires a degree of crown-roots near the trunk, which can Empire, steadily advances southward.

termed an air plant, giving to the soil courage that few men possess, but he be filled up :with the hand after the Further down in the State the foot-

much more than it takes away. is unquestionably right: water: has had time to settle away. rot eo-operates with the cold in slash.

,A'friend of mine in this (Sumter) If not more than one year old (the After'this is'done, pile up more fine ing into the trees enfeebled by an

county who had grown red clover in best age to transplant), it should have dirt, sods, pine straw, wire grass, or artificial propagation. 'Even the seed-

Indiana.for many years and Florida every limb cut off smooth, close to something to act as a mulch and prevent ling seems doomed when it is of the

clover in this State for two years, tells the stem, and then the top cut backto the surface from baking. This sweet variety. The Tangerine and

me that he'considers the latter fully the required height, at which it is will keep the (;round in a moist and the Satsuma, especially when workedon

equal as'a.forage crop to red clover desired the head should form; I cut my friable condition, and the' trees will trifoliate stocks, seem to be ableto

and'more easily cured into hay. own about 18 inches. This makes a hardly need any subsequent watering. hold their own against the frost almost .

There is no'doubt that it is the best peach tree, when first planted and Remember,that' if they are to be watered if not quite, up to the Georgia '

policy in an orange grove to shade primed, I look like a straight stick stuckin I one thorough drenching is worth line. On the northern line of .the

,the ground during the hottest monthsof the ground, and few people have 'more than a dozen small applications. citrus belt the sweet seedling seems less
subject to the f oot-rot than it is urther-
: the summer. Crabgrass does this sufficient courage to prune as they -- 0 B ------

well enough and' furnishes: crop of should, when transplanting; but remember Every one who owns a chicken south.'

very good hayj-but; crabgrass is a that a peach, tree treated as should send to Messrs. Geo. Q. Dow But doubtless a return to the old

drain on the fertility ',of the soil and above will always make a. larger tree, & Co., North Epping, N. H., for a setof .seedling system has become impossible I '-* ., .

its robbery of the orange trees bat toapplies even at the end of the first season, than their caponizing. instruments. See and for many reasons undesirable. *

l. eempensaWd by a6.heaviar One which'is left. with its entire. top' on',* 'their ad. in this. issue.. "' We want, a quick tree and a prolific
; "
. .
.. "
4i <'"

.., .. .
:-< 'l> -'.,-,:,' .
> : :', 1


,_:...-..# "- ." .,,:Ii" ., "' ,"' ':: ,'. ,' .., .,' ..' ''::.. ", !- ,'" .:.._ -.; ..........} ,J. b's-' ____....

....- -.,-, ;'; '," ,.. ..,. .. ,' ;po .. .

a 1s



short life and a merry, 'one," fall, at a time when they are well what came under my observation two seeds and prevent them adhering to
therefore we must keep up the supply stocked with all lines of choice ripe seasons ago, could never induce me each other. Then fill up the box with
1. of stocks budding. Seeds should be fruits, and really before the demandfor to risk the chance of making even office sand and let. them remain until they
the has the the few and out are to be planted. The boxes can be
f planted in such abundance that oranges sprung up, prices expenses, and out
r outrageous prices of nursery trees, would "hold up" better and continue fruit dealers from the North that I met stacked one upon'the other.
) running up to $1 apiece, which better the entire season. When once there will concur with me that competition TAKING THE SEED OUT OF THE
obtained in the boom times, shall the consumer tastes of agreen orangeit under the then existing cir- SAND The seed-bed having been
never be seen in Florida again. This is some' time before he is ready to cumstances is an impossibility."As prepared, have a coarse sieve and take
subject lends interest to the directions invest again. uncertain and varied as the the top box and dump its contents

4 for sowing and planting seeds, taken Let me repeat in closing, to my fruit sent North under the auspices of into, the sieve. This must be done
from a competent authority in another fellow-growers, dear editor, bewareof the 'Exch nge,' if they will agree to with care, so as not to bruise the seed.
column. northern auction houses. sell it all at auction, unreserved, at Then shake the sieve, the sand will
SATSUMA. Jacksonville, they can, )ave me thereas pass through, leaving the seed in the
Orange Sales at Auction.
Cleveland, Ohio. sieve.
I a
Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: Our correspondent encloses a score supporter., ________u.r _-_ THE SEED-BED.The seed-bed
For the benefit of the Florida showing the prices actually receivedat From DeSoto County. should be enclosed with boards eight-
orange growers, who have not sold auction. bad Editor Fanner and Fruit-Grower: inches wide
They are tolerably teen or twenty on
their at auction ,in the North, Do please at once correct state-
oranges as he says. We can well understandthat edge, about four or six feet apart.
I would like to give the results of ment .or blunder in article
a grower or a conscientious, your The bottom should be floored, so as
some who ,have done so. It may be painstaking commission merchant "Potash in the Flatwoods." It reads: to prevent gophers and ground moles
: that it will save a few dollars'to the should look upon such slaughter with "Here on our flatwoods with water from entering the, seed-bed. Lathsare

uninitiated. disgust. But auctioneer and commis- 234 feet deep, they suffer from nailed on top, leaving a space of
In this city we have two auction : drouth." I perfectly aware I
ion man are skating on the same ice one-half inch between them, to protectthe
houses. One firm doing so well ((or together, with the grower behind, write an awful scrawl, but I did hope, seed from being scratched up by
themselves) induced another to go pushing them both into the hole, into from seeing other samples in printing the birds. A covering of thin muslinis
trif into the business. which he is going to fall himself.-ED. offices, that Jacksonville printers could put on top of the laths to protectthe
The sales held today, Nov. nth, by study decipher mine easily. Thento plants from being scorchedby
shows the range of prices of oranges Auction Sales in Florida.A have it to go out, that in our beau the young sun. If the weather be cloudy,
j: at auction to be from $i.50 to$2.10 per Northern fruit broker, in the Fruit tiful DeSoto County the\ water is 254 it is well that the covering be removedto

; box for fair to choice quality. Let :Trade Journal, holds views different feet deep is simply stunning. It allow the bed to get warm. It is
li .us see what that would net the grower from the above. He says: "I would should be "from the surface." better to plant the seed thickly and

' in- Florida. : like to see every grower, packer and Have you seen Mr. William M. broadcast, as all plants are to be removed -
We The first average deduct price the per inevitable box would commis-be... $t So local speculator pass their fruit througha Rowell's method of growing citrus ; it does not matter how thick

r se, iou of to per cent...............'..... .19 thoroughly organized and systematized fruits? I am experimenting with rough they come The seeds should be
Freight,per box........... ........... .8j lemon cuttings and have strong hopes.I up.
(Which is lower than freight would be auction house in Jacksonville."I covered with fine, rich soil, from one
from interior Florida points to the would like to see a combinationof have received samples of ground :to two inches.
Great Lakes of the North.)
Picking, Packing Boxing, Cartage, the bankers, railroad and steamshiplines phosphate from Whitaker Phosphate TIME OF PLANTING THE SEED.-
v I etc...............;....... ............. .50-i45- make just such an auction house Company, Homeland, which is very Planting the 'seed very early, as in

Munificent net profit per box.. ....!.. ..31 and run it on the same terms and fine, almost like flour, and readily dissolves January and February, does not give
This to for one of culti- the major portion in rain water.I .
p.iy year methods as our Northern auction good results, because it is entirely too
vating, hoeing, fertilizing, sprayingand houses."I shall try it in my grove, and have early the seed generally decays, as
risk of crop failures, etc. Surelythe will promise now to use every great faith in it, mixed with good the time for it to germinate is not till .
lot of the orange grower who sells effort and power at my command to muck and potash. spring. March April, and even May,
his fruit at auction in the Northern abet such a plan, but in return I want Oranges ripening, but rather small are the best months to plant the seed,
market is a happy one. I such a company to guarantee me that compared with last year. Three new as the ground is then warm. The
,, a It may be auction sales at New three times a week they will fell unre- places started here and soon we shall seed bed should be kept moist but not
York where the competition of many served 10,000 boxes, or from openingof show some fruits from the most southern too wet.
buyers is great would net\ better pricesper season to April ist 120,000 boxeson railroad point. -- S..
box, but at points such Buffalo average per month, making total FRANCIS K. ADAMS. Fast Fruit Service.
Cleveland, Detroit and kindred cities, of 720,000 for the season. Punta Gorda. CHICAGO, Sept 30, 189; I.

the results are discouraging.It "I don't want it, as I saw it two Orange Propagation.THE E. S. Levy, Manager, Chicago Fruit
would certainly seem to be years; ago, an "auction offering principally SEE D.-The seed of the orange and Vegetable Despatch Line, Prod'uce
wisest to the average ,mind to sell (if culls, creases, drops and unde- has seldom been known to produce
at auction) in Jacksonville, and thus sirable sizes, which compelled the fruit equal to that of the parent tree. Exchange Building, City:
the risk of all accidents incidentto DEAR SIR-We are pleased to see
,save buyer to pay cash even before deliverywas However, it comes truer to seed than
a thousand-mile shipment by railor made, and again divided its lots most fruits. that you have made arrangements' for

boat. into ,classes, fancy brights, choice COLLECTING THE SEED.The fruit is rapid transportation, careful service
The estimated increase in the orange brights, brights, golden russets and piled into heaps or put into barrels to and reasonable rates between Floridaand
,crop to say 3,000,000 boxes to some russets, and, instead of selling the rot. When it is decayed so that it
Georgia points to Chicago.
seems to be a matter of alarm, but choice of a page, sold each class of will break into many pieces when
when yoU stop to consider.the subject, each mark or lot separately; but a handled, it is crushed in a tub or bar- Permit me to say that it is somethingthat
all must admit that it is no more than thorough auction where one can buy rel and the seed is washed out. A we have long urged on ,the rail-

we could expect, and no doubt there well-packed, graded and correctly coarse sieve is'used; the soft substanceof road companies, believing that it
will be a constant increase in the crop. stenciled fruit, and depend upon getting the fruit will pass through the wires, would be the means of developingthe
for some years to come. it, and plenty of it, with due reg leaving the seed in the sieve. This
business and in the end'prove
While this %is true, on the other ularity. operation is carried on in a place ,
.. hand the demand. is also increasing. "'Vhy! man dear! I would leave where water can be used 'freely, as highly remunerative both to the
Our cities many of them are growing my business here on October 1st and considerable is required to do the grower and to the railroad.If .
r in population at the rate of 5,000 to stay in Jacksonville until April, takingmy work properly. the service you propose giving to

10,000 per year? and it is to the'cities family there with me every winter, KEEPING' THE SEED.-To insure the southeast can at ,all- equal your
we look for our customers. and not only would I as a broker have best results, the seed of the orange
64 Buffalo 8&IOper from cent.Cleveland xSSo to 1890 increased 100,530. or the 'softest thing' in the country, but should not be allowed to dry after be- workon other lines center-

3-iQ percent.from 1880 to 1890 increased 101,207 or my patrons, from one end of the coun- ing taken from the fruit. If not readyto ing in Chicago, we congratulate

I 63 Detroit from 1880 ,to 1890 increased 89,536 or try to the other, would have'perfect plant them, they should be placedin Florida on the new move, confidentthat
79 Chicago 96-100 per from cent.iSSo to 1890 increased 596,665, or pudding"A, / moist sand. In this way they can if the past is a guarantee for the
JIB sS-100 per cent. guarantee of a sale of 5,000 be kept until everything is prepared. future, the benefit will be marked and
76 Milwaukee 9-10 per cent.from xSSo to 1890 increased. 88,831 or boxes three times a week in Jacksonville How TO PUT THE SEED IN SAND.- apparent from the beginning and we

and so it goes all along the line. this winter would make me aban- Take a shallow box, say five inches take pleasure in sending you this
The writer cannot help but believe don my opening an .office in New deep and not more than thirty inches without your knowledge. We have
that the increased yearly demand will Orleans and start an office there. square; fill it half full of moist sand, already recommended the system
keep pace with the increased Supply, ,'The essential requisite for successat then put the seed on top, about two highly to intending Florida shippers.
provided the fruit is marketed in a an auction sale is a competitionamong inches deep, and throw on the top off Wishing your Despatch Line every
business way. buyers, and the possibility of the seed considerable sand and mix it success, we are, ,
If the growers would not rush green accomplishing this at the best,= at together with the hands. This is Very truly yours, *
fruit into the markets so early in the Jacksonville, is very remote, 'while. done so that the sand will stick to.the BARNETT BROS

: ". ,, : .

-" "w M'.:., ...
4 ,- ... '-+ jJ.' '

.. .
'''''''''''f.-;' '' t 'f:, ':_;:'. : '::


t ,
, .-



NoJltu-26, 18911 THE FLORIDA -
:the .Commission Men. wire back to two or three buds, leav- F ]'4ElJ1 tfl\tIe1E{ .
Trte 1/ineyard/ of each arm or vine
ing just enough
Miv;J. M. Smith, of Wisconsin, i is
.... ... .. to keep it attached to the wire. : *
an expert gardener and seems also to -- -- Good Work in Cotton.
be an expert shipper as well. A commission An Ideal System of Pruning.No. .- Mr. N. J. Thomas, a native farmerof
man living in his vicinity says 1. Oholce European Grapes in FloridaH. Bradford county, on twelve acres

of him: There is a pretty parallelism running von Luttichau says: My well of old pine land raised this year:
"Smith is an upright, honorableman between the strawberry and the grape established vineyard of foreign grapes 15,000 pounds of Sea Island cotton,
and a gentleman; but as to any] vine, in their refusal to do good workin has undisputably proven their, success which sold for 44 cents a pound.
crop that he has to sell, he knows a double capacity. The same vine here, producing the past season per- This brought him $675. On the
more about the markets than we could will not produce fruit and wood (or haps the finest fruit ever raised in twelve acres he used fifteen sacks of
find out. If there is a deficiency vine) the same year .and do ,it well. Florida. Professor Dubois, of Talla- commercial fertilizer, aggregating a
anywhere, in the country he knows of One thing at a time is evidently the hassee, pronounced them almost equalto ton and a half, or about 250 poundsper
it; he, knows the rates of freight to motto of these two plants which yield hothouse and simply admi- acre. But the most remarkablefact
such points; he knows the names o{ the two most luscious fruits known to rable. The grapes Editor of FLORIDA DIS- about the whole operation is that.
the dealers: at such places. The resultof man. PATCH FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER, the man who cultivated the same J
all this is, that Mr. Smith gets better It is this tact which lies at the in number of July 16th, gives them tract the year before raised only 150 i
prices for most of his crops than foundation of Prof. T. V. Munson's highest praise, and other parties ex- pounds of cotton- This fs tolerably N
we could possibly, if we had the same beautiful and admirable ''alternate pressed themselves in equal terms. good profit on management and a *
oods.. This knowledge of his makesit renewal system" of pruning the vine. There can be no doubt, many localities little fertilizer.-ED. "*'
necessary for us to deal with others, The strawberry grower raises two separate in Florida, especially in the,south .e-
who are not so well posted and con- fruit Siloed Cane for StockFeed.The .
plants; one to yield the em part of the State, will be found
sequently.are unable to command such other to produce runners. But with most suitable for their growth, and Louisiana planters feed the J
prices as he gets for nearly everythingthat the vine this result can be accomplished everywhere, where grapes can be lowest grade of molasses to stock, and i
he has to sell." only by raising two vines from grown, they are certainly worth the they say it is more profitable in this J
Mr. ,Smith, commenting on this, one root, trained in opposite directionson trial.. This class of grapes, grown way than when refined and sold. A .
says: Why should I or any other cul the wires; one to bear fruit this only in hothouses in the North, is far Florida stockman in conversation recently
tivator; who has good articles to sell, year, !the other to make new wood; superior in appearance and in qualityto suggested the use of the cane '
not know where there is a demand for and next year conversely.It any native kind, and will always itself, and also sorghum for this pur-
them? Two years ago I had a splen- No regular silo would be
is a great point gained to get the command highest prices any pose. =
did crop of potatoes. They were almost American novice to prune his vinesat market. needed; the stalks piled in heaps and
worthless in our market but all. It delights him to see the vines Shipping and keeping quality of covered with trash enough to .protect
there were places in, the East where grow ten, twelve, fifteen.feet long, and such varieties especially suited for dis- them from the direct rays of the sun. .
they were wanted. I found out one he ,is extremely reluctant to cut away tant market, are perfect; and as most and_an occasional frost would keep "
of them, and sold ,my crop-at a price nearly,all that he has taken so much of them have large compact clusters, until spring in good condition. On I
that left me a nice profit, instead of a pains to produce. But in this stimu- the shriveled stem the berries .hold to good pine land, with a little fertilizer .
loss upon them. Lost season I had a. lating climate severe pruning is imper- most tenaciously will never show, added, a'large acreage of cane could
splendid crop o/ onions, and found ative or else the vine will soon kill which otherwise will unfavorably detract be grown which would not have stalks j
that they were wanted, in St. Louis.I itself by overbearing and grape grow- from the appearance of the grape.' long enough to be profitable for sugar- -
selected a good and reliable firm, ing will be condemned as a "failurein We have among them also the most making, but with the voluminous
and sold them nearly my entire crop, ,,Florida." Most of the methods of early to ripen, by weeks earlier than growth of leaves attached they would
at nearly double the price that I could vine pruning offered in the books are any native grape, which fact alone afford rich feed for cows and producea
have gotten for them in our home mar so complicated and abstruse that the suggests their value. I have made a full flow of milk and an .excellent

ket. .. -- ,. beginner_ is_mystified.:. Prof. Munson's specialty of these grapes now for quality of butter.-ED..

. Smudge as a Protection Against' system is simplicity itself. many years and as nearly all ,my 1 9 '
original stock has been imported by Insects Injuring Onions.
Frost. .
myself from our vineyards in my home This dry weather is favorable to*
Mr. W. W. Barrett, State Superintendent description of this naturally ,
precedes in Europe, I can guarantee them true insects. Cutworms in places are the
.of Irrigation and Forestry an account of the pruning. The to name. This is of importance here, worst known for many seasons. The
for North Dakota, has written a letterto central idea of all trellises in this hot in
where the greatest confusion exists onion.is not a favorite with insects, ;
the editor of this paper, saying that climate must be to so train the vines
regard to foreign grapes. I know of indeed there is probably only one
he wishes to make a report to the that their foliage afford a screen
may instances where white grapes havebeen known which will disturb it and thatis
Governor and Legislature of that Stateon to the fruit beneath. This is secured .
received for Black Hamburg; a small brown spider, which runs
this subject and asking for an ac- by stretching two number eleven gal Hartford used to be the Black Ham swiftly and burrows in the ground ina

count of any successful'experiments vanized wires at the same elevation burg .of Waldo, and all sorts of white hole no larger than-a wheat straw.
that may have been made in this direction above the ground (five or six feet, as grapes I have seen grown for Chas- At least, it is believed by growers
,in Florida. He states that he preferred), parallel and about two feet selas Fontainebleau. There is nothingmore that this is the fellow which does the
has learned that smudges have been apart. It is better to put these on two important when planting grapes mischief, and it is found that a few
used with.success for the protection of posts set in,the same hole and slanting than to have them true to name, spoonfuls of hot water poured down
oranges and other fruit in this State, outward. One post with a cleat acrossat otherwise failure and disappointmentare the hole where it lives causes a
and he :would be very glad to learn the top would answer, but the cleatis sure to follow.A cessation of -the mischief, which is*
the particulfjs. Will our correspondents be knocked off the
to by
likely large number of varieties have pretty strong proof that the little
Who. have experience or have horse in plowing: i Hot ..
', entirely failed with me, for example spider is the culprit. waters .
made' observations kindly send us The trellis should be set soon after Muscat of Alexandria, a well-known also the best remedy we ever tried
notes'for publication.-ED. the vineyard is planted, so that training grape which I am told does well in against ants and the white "cotton
=-.-- .. --- with the first, '
may begin year's south Florida, but I have confined cricket. The roots of plants are not
To Keep Oow in an Orange Grove. growth. this list to such varieties only which so easily injured with hot water as .

Tak'e&n} old bridle and slip thereinover When the plant is set tie a string tots have proven successful and reliablefor many people would imagine.-ED. .
the cow's head.. Work it back I tip (which should be a stub, the a number of years with myself. '1 m .
behind the shoulders, then get each plant from the nursery having been Some are especially recommendableor The Universal Vegetable.
foreleg over it, bringing it under the cut: back to four or five eyes,) and to early distant market;all are worthyof Hditor Farmer and Fruit.Grower
brisket: .Give it a turn or two to twistit the wires above. Up this string train a place in collection. Many years ago Col. J. F. H.. Clai- .
then put the headstall on her head only one strong cane that is to be allowed every borne' was canvassing the State of
with t 'e bit behind the jaw, and make to grow to make the permanent { Mississippi for Congress. Traveling I

the headstall short enough to hold it body of the vine,. for c; two or three Our fruit growers make a great through the piney woods he stopped ,
on. Then she can graze comfortably feet at least. When near the level of mistake in shipping green fruit out of over night at the house of a widow
but cannot lift up her head to browse the wires pinch out the tip, and from the State. There has been more lady. It happened to be Sunday and
the tree. Sometimes the cow learns the two upper buds shoots should bellowed I complaint raised this year about un- most of the family had been to church
how to handle the "patent grazing to grow, one to be trained ripe oranges reaching the northern and had returned late; so what they
muzzle" so that she can browse the along one wire in one direction, the .markets than ever came under our had had for dinner was set on for sup-
tree, but with this in combination with other along the other wire in 'the notice before. This ought not to be; per.' There was not a dish but what .
the bridle-she: is absolutely prevented opposite direction.At for Florida's leading industry is liableto sweet potatoes were the principal in-
rolD harming themED.S. tl\e end of the first year,. in the receive a serious set-back if the gredient of it. They had potatoes
.-- fall, when the vine is fully at rest and shipment of green fruit is not stopped. roasted,- baked, stewed and fried; a "
POT "disordered. Liver DIUtCH4M'S the vine each Truth. baked chicken with potato dressing; -.
PILLS. ; 'p leaves. off, prune, on Tarpon Springs '. .
',.. .. ," -
', ..
-.0- '
',:..,: .;. .. ..
: ..', ":.,.".:;'

.. .. R
','-'.. '", : -


4 + ,', ..- .. n. .. ", '.',,,_.. .. :" t




potato pies and custard; potato bread, purely selfish. I had for more than to know what kind of feelings I would .
coffee and beer. forty years of my life led an active have toward him. When he first 91.cTobaccoGrowingNo. :2 t; -

Col. Claiborne paid the universal busy career, }had been among crowdsof called my veracity in question I was ...- .
vegetable a ,high compliment The people until I became wearied and disposed to treat it pleasantly or, as he 1.-- Soil.
ti widow replied that some people wanted to find some place where in a is disposed to say,"funny." But now, Manure. _
thought.the piney woods too poor to measure I could have rest. as he has repeated it, I will apprisehim Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: ,
make a living in, but that it was the Between Jacksonville and Marion that I have abundance of "time I have grown tobacco for four years
greatest potato country in the United county d then saw but little that was and inclination'for' a controversy," in Florida, but I had to raise three
'States, and that if people only knewit prepossessing, in fact, would not have even until the crack of doom, but not crops before I felt enough confidencein
they could live on sweet potatoes accepted a deed for all the land that in THE FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER, myself to attempt to "process" and
alone. She said, "We eat them, feed obligated me to live on it. But whenI and I only ask an insertion of thisas manufacture it myself. But I saved
our cows on them, fatten our hogs on saw the magnificent hammocks, I deem it due me. Before closingthis all that I raised for three years,
them, so that we have milk and meat,, mixed woods, and fine old plantationsof I wish to say that I didn't have and up for a year past I have been making
all from sweet potatoes." Marion county my soul yearned any oats frozen last spring and Mr. S... it into cigars, employing from two
Before retiring Col. Claiborne went for a home here and I determined to knows it, and any inference that his to four expert hands nearly all the

to the stable to see his horse and was possess one, and did, and hope to en- neighborhood is any less subject to while. I have no trouble in sellingall
suprised to..see his trough suppliedwith joy it till I die. I would not exchangeit freeze than any other section of the my cigars in Jacksonville at prices
sweet, potatoes and his manger today for even a blue grass homein orange belt is "misleading." In regardto which make my tobacco net me a great
with the vines. Upon retiring he Kentucky or Missouri, for this my Cracker, Mr. Editor, your types deal more than it would i if sold in the
found the mattress upon which he,was, home gives me as much as either make me say two when it ought to case-mbre, I firmly believe, than
to sleep stuffed with sweet potato would, with less drawbacks. be five, as you will see on referenceto nineteen twentieths of the growers of
{ leaves. He had been complaining of After hewing out of the virgin forests my manuscript. But then that's- Florida net for their tobacco. Still, I
sore eyes and hoarse throat No of Florida a farm which gives me never mind; time passes so pleasantly should not advise any grower to go to
sooner had he retired than the land all I want, it is not for another to ,say here in the hammocks that a year or processing and manufacturing his own
lady made her with a whether I have been two is of no moment, and if this had
appearance potato a "fairly succesr- tobacco before he has had at least as
'poultice to apply to his, throat, ful farmer" or not. As an evidence been a matter between ancient people many years' experience as I have.
,and assured him that if he .would of that fact, I will say to Mr. S. he like Tom Sawyer and me even a half My soil here is a light and deep
squeeze a drop of potato juice in his little 'knew what the import of his 1 century would not have been muchin sand-ten to fourteen feet to clay-
eye the soreness would disappear before declaration was, when he said he. counting years. My acquaintancewith practically without bottom. Hence I
morning. could show better of Mr. S. has been so slight I doubt
a growth think I may say, without being accused -
whether I should know him if I
During the late war a Floridian than I could. I
orange trees Why, of boasting at all, that my experience -
.discovered a method of extracting the have than wouldset him on the street. I am at a loss to
more orange trees ought to be of more value to
juice from the roots (which was manufactured all his comprehend why he made the state-
an orange grove over :place, your readers who live in the peninsula
into alcohol), ,and then by a if he has not more than a section of ment", "he had no ill feelings againstme proper than would_ be that of the Gads-
boiling process cooked the potatoes; land, 640 acres; and out of that lot for I am sure I never gave him den County growers, for the simple
which were pressed into bricks and will with him five occasion to have .either good or ill
compare trees to reason that my soil is more like that
sent to the Confederate soldiers, _to ten, and concede 'to him one year's feelings. I did not give myself away of South Florida than-it is like that of
whom they were very acceptable. growth, and the loser shall forfeit in my reference to Candler. Candleris West or Middle Florida. And the
t L. S. P. his one of my pet gems, which in a
the best dinner plantation. can fact that my cigars (wtyen} made by
Kscambia Co.Practical. future article I intend to refer to at
t < afford. thorough experts, of course) have been
some length.
Now that those who read this "out judges who
Farm Ta.lkso. 16. CHAS. W. CAMPBELL. pronounced by competent
Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: side the State" may not be "misled," Campobello knew nothing of their origin, fully
It is 6 o'clock for I wish to say that;;! am,a farmer and equal if not superior to the Gadsden
now m. one
p. ; '
with and other fruitas Our two esteemed correspondents certainly to be
cigars ought
planter orange County
hour the shades of night have been
Mr. S. is I under- have now declared their respective the of light
an auxiliary.. as encouraging to owners very
.' gathering around. In that time I have
for the varieties of Florida
stand it real estate and preferences sands-in South Florida.
a agent a
husked and fed six head of
soil and believe the reader who
fruit and Whetherhe we
razorbacks and sixcow's vegetable grower. .
horses, forty-two MANURE.At
has followed them understands
successful" in this up
,has,been "fairly '
and milked them, cooked my pretty well of what variety each one is present prospective grower
would be to
presumption on
supper and eat it, filled my pipe_with I but my part his speaking in whatever he may say of has nothing to do but to be collectinghis
say, as never- once was on
some of Charlie Peyser's "Florida I his agricultural operations. We hope, manure and his seeds. In such
cigar clippings," and feel I am just as place. therefore, that each one hereafter will light soils as mine manure is of immense .
good as a New York Alderman, But, in instituting a comparison, I write of his achievements independently importance. I have a barn lot
After few of Florida's fragrant wish to that I have never bought
a puffs say and without comparisonwith in which I pen every night twelve or
weed, I recognize the fact that a dollar's worth of commercial fertil- the other.-ED. fifteen head of cows and dry stock,
I have plenty of time and inclination izer and don't intend to as long as my << and to make sure of having them there
between this and a decent bed time to compost heap holds out; and.I have night I a pickaninny,fifty f
answer Mr. B. Sutton's:strictures, and more in my barn and cribs to-day Wineberry.Childs' cents every a week to pay herd and drive them f fup
without in the least having any desire for than he who spends his money for fertilizer Japanese wineberry is per at night Then I have always on
dealing in personalities, I wish to say and buys hay and corn. haps worthy of mention. It has been hand a few choice hogswhich, I;fattenin 1
to Mr. Sutton my impressi is he has Now, don't understand me from stated that this anomaly is unproductive the fall, besides thirty or. forty 1
"bitten off a little more than he can this to say you can come here and but this is an error, judging from chickens. To add to this supply I ,
chew." take up any ,kind of land and make a its behavior upon my grounds. The haul out from Jacksonville a great
I do not at all acknowedge that he, success without fertilizer. You can't do cane is of very fine growth and orna. many wagon loads of manure from the
is authorized to "call me down." 1 it, and if you expect to you had better mental enough to be worthy a place livery stables. All these accumula-

heard: the call, but then I knew he stay where you are. Still, there are virgin upon the lawn. The berries, which tions are spread out, wide in, ray lot, ,.
did not have anything of more virtue lands here as rich productive ripen at the close of the raspberry sea- rooted over by the pigs, scratchedover
than the tufts of wirc-grass and care- as when they came from the hands of son, are rather below the average size by the chickens and..workedinto
less weeds to make me heed, and I the Creator, which don't need fertilizer, of red raspberries. They are deep excellent manure. I use nothingelse
did not come down and don't propose but they cost more than ordinary pine amber in color, turning to the color of no cottonseed, no commercial;
to. And whilst he has gone up to lands. And don't mistake; there is sherry, are translucent and sparkle in but of this lot manure I use an abund
b "Campobello" with his wheelbarrow much pine land that is good and thereis the sunlight, rendering them very at- ance. Last spring I hauled out eighty f
to get some hard phosphate and' car. much hammock and mixed woods tractive. They are too soft for transportation one-horse loads per acre, and it .paid
bonate lime stones to throw at me, I that is poor. You had better know and although rich, are too me, too. Your readers will believe
will answer the questions he has ,pro which is' which before you buy. Don't acid' to be enjoyed by any except that when I tell them that I harvested
believe who hammock those who fond of acid fruit. '
pounded me. anyone says are from my .best acre between goo and
Before proceeding further, I will and hardwood lands are unhealthy; Properly cooked, I have found it exceedingly 1,000 pounds of cured tobacco. '
just take occasion to say that; Mr. B. that's all stuff. I have lived in a palatable, and from it pretty In my next I shall speak ,of seedbeds
Sutton knows just as much about,Maj. hammock for nearly nine years and I and superior jelly can be readily etc. A. E. LINDSLEY..
Campbell being a "fairly successful am the toughest knot in Florida; andI made. The large calyxes or burrs North Jacksonville.
fanner" as you do who have never can show you lots of hammock which enclose each berry until fully --- ....*._ '
been on his place. dwellers as healthy, and plenty of ripe, impart to the hand a viscous Hereford's Acid Phospliate'" ..
Now, Mr. Editor, I am free to confess pine land''men just as good. substance upon the slightest touch, Recommended by Physicians.

to you and all others the thing ,Now, I just wish to say to Mr. that i is ,decidedly unpleasant With II of all schools, for the brain.,,, _'nerves,
which led me to come to Florida was Sutton I don't know him well enough melt entirly hardjr.-J. TLOVJTT. and steiaach. *:'.& '

',...-- .' :; .' .
> ,,.,
<< .. ,
-', .'..,";: ;> ,,::: ,:-:'

J ... k. :'x f: ;''t.- :" 'y .:_:- :3a?:,w4SM' ; .', f

O ::4

.. 1 ''' -- -, '. ", '- s -. '

I -- -- .:

.. .

. ..
H .. ... -

;t ,

",.,( -
'; ,.
LtoC aging winter and summer, probablynot middle of the day, I think it is betterto mentioned, and as an animal food I
\. less than ten cents-total forty give them the whole grain in the much prefer it. :. ': '
cents a day. The butter would be morning. Especially if fed properly, As Sir. Hunter says, the will.to ,do '
A Remarkable Cow. worth, in the section.where the cow that is, scattered about and among is the essential thing; and where manyof
Editor Farmer'and Fruit-Grower: was kept, 80 cents a day-leaving a trash so that .the fowls will be kept us fail, we know well enough but
Our Holstein-Friesian cow, Pauline profit of 40 cents a day, or $146 fora busy a long time before every kernelis fail to act out our better judgment.
Paul, 2199 H. H. B., of which we year.It found, and they will, if hungry, There are far more mistakes made
mail you a cut, finished a year's butter is safe to say that none of our keep scratching all day, if only now in underfeeding than in over-feeding.
test February 7th,.1891, having madein Florida readers has ever seen a cow and then a missing grain is broughtto Especially is this so in growing fowls. '
the time 1,153 Ibs. 15 U oz. of but- that ,was equal to this achievement. light. A hen that is ,a good layer has a.
ter from 18,669 lbs. 9 oz. of milk. I Doubtless some of them will not credit: Mr. Hunter dwells considerable on wonderful drain on her system. She
The butter was worked thoroughlyand I this statement of Messrs. Dutcher & I exercise; and, under my way of feed- not only needs food to supply the _
salted one ounce to the pound, Son. .,V e can only say that this recordwas ing, I think fowls get the exercise. If waste of the body and keep her alive,
and prepared fit for market before published (and thereby tacitly a warm and soft feed i is given them in but she must have Jhat surplus neces-
weighing. During the whole periodof endorsed) by the Country Gentleman, the early morning, and if confined in sary to produce the eggs she lays and
the test an invitation through the the highest dairy authority in the yards, what is to keep them busy until the nearer' the feed given aproachesthe
press, and otherwise, was extended to United States.-ED. noon? material composing the eggs, the .
the public to personally witness the One thing about Mr.: Hunter's morning less she will have to consume in order '
record that Pauline Paul was making, IF TOUR BACK ACHES mash is the absence of wheat bran. to obtain it. If the average is only .
and many took advantage of it to sat- ,Or you are,all it fa worn general out,debility.really good Try for nothing This, of course, is not'so necessary for 100 eggs per,annum, that represents' ,
isfy themselves.The JJ i:O irjV'tf IRON JtlTTEltS. laying hens, but for young fowls and 104 ounces of the most concentratedfood ..
It will cure ,cleanse your liver, and give
grain.ration fed during the test you a good appetite. I chickens it is ,one of the best feeds we we can use; and to make this out




s''f .f 5 Z k t'a'd M.r+ft,, ); p't 4 ''r ( kfa
; +
Vea"rT + l +
y tiy4'v
v ; $
t' ax'7 aEti'w' Z $

, d 4L :' 4q. .
42 r .
; wf

t z

4 / )

r t r
w r 3 Y ) .lr



f aL 5


consisted' of three parts bran, two parts can use, for it contains more phosphateor of what she can pick up is impossible.
ground oats, one part corn meal by Poultry: and .FI.piaFj. bone and muscle making material Henre the necessity of plenty of food
measure. She did not consume over than ground grain of any kind,. and that is suitable. "
30 Ibs. of graIn per day, includingthree How to Feed.Editor it is always considered a very whole- E. 'V.. AMSDEN.
pounds of cottonseed fed daily Farmer and Fruit Grower: some food as well as cheap. I have Ormond-on-the-IIaUfax.. .
r until December 1St. She had no slop Our system of feeding differs from always used it in large quantities even 0
f, food of any kind, or ensilage. The Mr. Hunter's, but our aims are differ: when feeding clover hay. ,Inbulkmy Losses bf Boos.Editor '
: last churning of butter made from her ent. Mr. Hunter is after all the eggs soft food is nearly as much againas Farmer and Fruit-Grower:
weighed J Ib. g} ozs. he can get in the first year and a half, Mr. Hunter feeds, but the propor One of the aggravations a bee keeper
. She came through? the test in good and to save lost time he markets the tion of clover is greater and the branis meets in some .parts of Florida 'is
condition, without experiencing a fowl before it goes through the regular l more bulky than the grain he men- the destruction of many bees in the
drawback of any kind, or refusing a moult in September. My object is tions; but he feeds three times and I sugar and syrup factories.I .
\ feed. Her robust .constitution, no fertile eggs and vigorous stock; the only twice in twenty.four hours. know of no way to prevent this
doubt, ,has been an important factorin number does not count so much with While he estimates the'cost $1.68 I destruction But to stop them up. Be sure .
accomplishing such remarkable re- me. I have often said that it was have always, thought $1.30 to $1.35 there is ventilation, then stop them so
J. B. DUTCHER & SON.Pawl4ng necessary to give warm mash in the w'ouldpay the feed bill for a grown they cannot get out. In the North,'
: ,R.Y/: morning in a cold country in order to fowl twelve months. bees often. do not fly out for five
Accoriiag to the above statement r thaw out the birds, but In Florida it 'Mr. Hunter says that if the Bowker months, so you need not be afraid to
this cow averaged 3.13 pounds per day is not necessary. I find it much more animal meal is ,used he omits ,bone keep them confined a few days. Onlybe
for 365')Says. The grain feed men. convenient to prepare the mash in the meal. We should also omit it when sure they can get fresh air. -
boned;:((3 .l1s.? ) was worth:doubtless ,morning and feed it for' an evening desiccated fish is used,.font contains F. TRUEBLOOP,.
thirty*< :ttf an.d, $ c/oarse/ fod, aver- meal li; and unless fowls are fe4 W the I a larger percentage of bone; than that I ircbctAL1ehc4, C9,
;: '. ."
;. : ,

,"'t.. .. .:, x
> ';; .
,, ': ; "

y .
J ; =.. ... .-" '" ---

....- .


'_ i _
'" ,;.; ;.


Oranges.For co-operation do for such men? It is
STEPHEN POWERS, Editor. perishable products in car lots and less Wrapping
-,,* P. O.Address, Lawtcy,Fla. than car lots, is practical and indorsedby years one of the foremost the experience of all fruit growers'

.The of South the Chicago trade generally, as a growers of the State, Mr. E. H. Hart, organizations that the honest men in

vegetable growers' effort letter in this issue from a prominent :opposed the practice of wrapping oranges them seek to rule the, rogues out in
e California will make a strong I
commission house will demonstrate. as a needless expense, and was; stead of ruling them in. This is the
winter market.
to capture the Chicago.+,* Mr. Mullins hopes the growers of ,consistent with his belief in his pra. common-sense dictate of self-defense

Oranges and fish do not ship well! Florida will encourage this movement, tice. We should be glad to learn in,protection of their own stencils.

together. The drip from the melting as he is positive that good results will from Mr. Hart whether he still ad. Nothing can be done toward eleva-

S ;, i ice in the, barrelsmakes] a dirty,. sloppy; be the outcome. heres to his belief. But even if he ting fruit standards except by the

5 :mess on the floor ,of the car which does not wrap his oranges, it would education of the individual. If Flor-

does not add conspicuously to the Rooted Cuttings. not be advisable for growers of less ida could afford to establish at State

beauty of the orange box, especially; Some while ago Mr. Stringfellow, reputation to follow his example. His expense a*system'of farmers' institutes,

when it happens to be standing on end the noted nurseryman of Texas, argued name is a guarantee of quality, and ,with able men to travel and lecture to

with the stencil down. There ought in our columns at great lengththe would sell an unwrapped orange the fruit.growers, much good mightbe

to be a slatted false bottom in the car advantages,of the system of trim- where a brand wholly unknown wouldbe accomplished. No lecturing, no

to keep the: boxes up out of the water., ming trees down to mere canes, and< discriminated against if offered t to institutes could ever make an honest

I. the roots to less than six inches, before the trade without wraps. man out of a rascal]; but they might

., Our correspondent, Mr. H. String- planting. When the best nurserymen' The American people are as free make it so plain to him that rascalityin

" S fellow, writes very highly of the< advocate a plan which destroys the from prejudice and blind conservatism fruit shipping does not pay that he

Garber pear in Texas. He says he< beauty of their trees, reducing themto as any nation on earth, and when our would become halfway hcnest from

hopes to'show in another year that it mere sticks, there! must be strong merchants cling so obstinately to two self-interest.

is equally as well adapted to the whole arguments in favor of it. Prof. Brunk,, such practices as washing sheep and ---. ..--- _
State as the Kieffer, and far superior: the Southern editor of the American wrapping oranges, it is pretty safe to Tobacco Culture

".,to either LeConte />r .Kieffer. It Garden, advocated the same system say that there is solid reason for it. Mr. F. B. Moodie addressed the

comes just between the two. They] at the recent meeting of the American And whether there is any material planters ,of West Florida recently on

bloom late and will never get hurt by Pomological Society. Surely, a plan reason for it or not, there is unques this subject, and we find in the Milton

frost. I have fruited it two years,, which will enable the nurseryman to tionably a moral reason which no Clarion a report of his remarks,

but had last summer's crop all blown pack from 400 to 600 trees in the space shipper can afford to ignore. The from which we extract the following:

off by the July storm.. where he now packs 100 is a desirableone presumption is against an unwrapped< The amount used in the United Statesis
in itself. And when we add to orange; the dealer says at once that enormous and constantly increasing.No .
Manufacturers' Record, of Bal- danger of glutting the market as w
,this the fact, abundantly established the grower knew that it was inferior other products. Ttott cannot raise
tit iore, plainly charges: what we have that these enough of it to do that. Forty or fifty
by Mr. Stringfellow, mere and was not willing to take the troubleto
always suspected, that the "Interna- million pounds would not begin to glut
'N. C. sticks will make from 25 to 50 per : wrap it. It is very,much the way; the market.
tional Exposition" at Raleigh, ,
cent. more growth the first year.than of the world to take a man (also his: Every man with ten acres and an ox
is a very poor and contemptible swine, the trees planted intact, it becomes i products) at his own estimate and i if should plant tobacco. All kinds of soil
die. From,its scathing article we clip ; will not do, but if the water is soft it is
,, still more valuable. ,. he discriminates against his own oranges evidence of good tobacco land. Hard
the following paragraph: The writer proved the correctness by omitting the customary water was an evidence of limestone and
The great Southwest is even without wraps such land was unfit for tobacco.No .
mention; and call this a Southern expo- of this practice with a small lot of the; world is tolerably likely to do the commercial fertilizer should be
sition! The attraction of the place seems used. It meant tobacco, if not its
." peach trees which were received in same.; Shoe blacking does not poor
., pay
to exist in all forms of catchpenny side death. Use a compost of leaves, cotton-
shows from "the fat woman and stuffed full leaf and had to be cut back rigorously ten cents on the dollar as a preservative seed, and barnyard manure and ashes.

snakesshooting galleries,tin-type photos,, "to save them." They made a of leather, but it is one of "the< Yellow pine ashes were especially valua-
and merry-go-rounds to the balloon ascensions ble. Three essential qualities are nec-
One pays half&dollar for the ex- remarkable growth all summer, and things which good society insists upon. essary for good tobacco:

quisite pleasure of again paying froma Blossomed the second year,after plant 1st. Burning.2nd. .
half dime to a quarter of a dollar to Fruit Standards. Texture.3rd. .
view such fakir shows as the above enu-. ing. Aroma.
I 4 Annually the complaint floats downto
meration. Strong fertilizers destroyed aroma and
9 I Legislation Against Unripe 'Fruit. us from the Northern markets that texture! and frequently injured burning
At the last meeting of the Board of '
A correspondent of the Leesburg the of Florida quality.
quality many oranges!
Trustees of the State Agricultural Clay soils were best, but clay sub-soil
Commercial proposes that the Legislature offered there is so inferior that it is a was necessary for good results. Three
College at Tallahassee, Prof. J. K. acres was a full for one good man.
shall prohibit the shipment of disheartening task to 'attempt to sell crop
Fitzgerald, a graduate of the Mississippi Beginners should not plant over two
unripe oranges out of the State. It them. And this is accompanied usually acres. Tobacco must be fine and silky,
college, now botanist at the would be just as competent for the by the stereotyped frantic cry foiooperation yet the soil must be rich; therefore,
must be thick-ten eleven
experimental farm of the Georgia plants or
State to do this as to inhibit the killing and organization of the thousand. to the acre. Must go over the
Southern and Florida Railway at I
of game at certain times or the destruction growers as a means of correcting this field every few days and replace any
Cyclona was nominated by DirectorS missing plants with the best plants of
of fish with dynamite or the evil under the sun. One writer even the seed bed, which should be saved for .
DePass to be horticulturist and
pom- taking of oysters before a certain time. goes so far as to suggest legislationand that purpose.In .
ologist of the experimental farm at topping tobacco do not leave over
Prof. There[ might be some difficulty about a public functionary to inspect all fifteen or twenty leaves on the stock.

Lake City and was elected. the practical working of the law if the oranges leaving Florida, like a Suckers will grow out from behind tho
J. H. Rolfs, a graduate of the New leaves after topping. Break off the
such a one, should be enacted., Some Municipal Health Officer, and to condemn suckers when two or three inches long.
Jersey college, now employed at the varieties of oranges, such as Satsumas the green and acid stuff, not Indications for cutting: Just after
: Iowa experimental farm, was nomi breaking off second crop of suckers is
Director be and Sweet Sevilles will do to ship allowing it to leave the State. almost. an invariable rule. When the
nated DePass to
by earlier than others. Questions of this Some of the misguided growers leaves double together and break with a
entomologits and botanist at the farm When the surface becomes rough
and elected. sort would have to be determined by who do this are to be pitied, as theyare and snap.yellow spots begin to appear are also
....._..._.. local authorized inspection and written forced by the bitter lash of poverty good; indications.
three weeks before
Mr. O. K. Mullins, Superintendentof permits. The Legislaturehas into measures which doubtless their cutting Stop cultivating so that the ground may be covered -

Transportation for the Chicago very few fruit growing members, but better: judgment would not approve.But with grass by the time of cutting.

Southern Fruit and Vegetable Despatch a good many who represent general others are prompted only by Cut with,a brushing butcher knife tho ,sand or similar from the instrument -

Line i is in Jacksonville, where farming and stock growing. It maybe coarse and vulgar greed, hurrying off butt. Lay carefully on the ground,

he will make headquarters during the that the fruit-growers of Florida their poor stuff in the hope of obtaining renders where no it sand almost will worthless.get on it As, as soon sand as

shipping of oranges and vegetablesthis will have to ask the cotton and corn from gudgeons the high prices the plants are slightly wilted, place themon
of offered for the earliest fruit in the a wagon covered with straw, so as
season. Their plan operation, growers to prevent thgn} from committing not to break the plants, and take to the

for the suggessfql\ transportation of folly marketyltat t pro<: organisation or berm Don'f cut while dew in pp pr a.ny
A # .;::.:;.,:....,

... .. -:

lJ ..

} -i. '.

... -. .-1: .._ !!."... 1;",", _...., ,,, -y."i". L ti" a : ,_"...'..-._- _-----c..w ........"t-
." w .,._ ... .' > :IIII''fJl_"' : ;1f"V., ',. --.,. .Y,
"" ,
'" : _

,. ., ,. ._ J.

: .., .
: .' : -. .



water from a rain. Cut only in the afternoon only a little quantity! brought these fig- beans, green, selling from $2 to 3 per $2.75 to 3.00; Louisiana, per bbl.,$4.00 to

if possible. ures. Russets being still ,more' or less crate; wax, $1 to 2; cucumbers, 2. to 3; 4.50; Louisiana, per box, $2.00 to 2.25; i
Barns should be about 80x40 and six- green are not doing well; prices.range green peas, $1.50 to 3. Florida, fancy bright, as to size, per box, .. .
teen feet high. They should be'made so ,II to 1.75. Tangerines have gone as highas Oranges have continued in excessive $2 to 2.25; Florida, russets, as to size, per. .
as to,be left open at night and closed $6 for fancy stock and as low as $2.25 supply, and aggregate for the week box, $1.75 to $2.00. -.
during the day, .unless the day is rainy for common grades. Mandarins readied over 50,000 boxes. From the fact of all GRAPE FRUIT-Large offerings while

or damp. Moisture is needed from the 3.25; demand for both varieties is still interior markets now getting their supplies the demand was light, sales ranging
seed bed to the cigar. Cigar tobacco limited. > direct from Florida the outlets from $3 to 3.50 per box.

costs not near so much as plug tobacco, We did hope to be able to announcesome have been very limited, and with daily Thousands of barrels of apples have .

requires less care and brings ten times marked improvement for the opening forced sales at auction, circumstances come to this city during the past two

the price.If of current week,but beyond a slight have tended to further depress prices. weeks. No dealer supposed there wouldbe

Mr. toodi *had said that the increase in,the demand we can see no Choice brights, selected sizes, selling a profitable opening here for so many
> change. Shipments, which our last report $1.87! ;' to 2; straight lines, $1.75; russets, in addition to the big supplies already on
growers "will not produce too much stated were decreasing took another selected sizes. ,$1.62';straight lines,$1.50; hand. Some of this fruit comes on com- .

tobacco" instead of saying that they"cannot" spurt and have increased somewhat Tangerines, $3 to 5; Mandarins, $2.50 to mission, some on joint account,and con-
within the past few days. 3. Fancy ]lemons will sell readily at sato siderable purchased outright. Inconsequence -
do it, perhaps nobody Baltimore's receipts for the week ending 3.50 per box. Grape fruit, bright,$3.50 prices are rather low just now,

would quarrel with the remark. There November 21st. 6,200 boxes; New per barrel. G. S. PALMER. especially to the earlier buyers,who paid "

York, 29,750 boles;Boston, 19,688 boxes. more. The stock in cold storage warehouses -
seems to be little doubt that the abundant' All show a decrease in receipts as com I PHILADELPHIA, Nov. 21. etc., has therefore been largely

sunshine of the American climate pared with,the preceding week. Statis- There is a decided improvement in the increased by late arrivals. A cold winter

and the fine of soils tics on file here tell us that receipts at Florida orange market, and although will seriously check the movement, and
quality our all far from five to ten will inflict serious loss
points so are p rites as yet are no higher, the fruit is an open
will give our tobaccos the same pre- times greater than for the corresponding >beginning to move more freely, and as through decay, so that either furnishesno

eminence in that.Americanfruits period of last season. Indications at each day increases the demand we haveno encouraging outlook.
Europe present do not point to-lighter shipments, anticipation of further gluts this side P.M.KIELY&CO.

have, on account of their flavor. but as the fruit now coming is show- of Christmas, nor do we look for big
much better color and is sweeter BOSTON Nov. 21.
ing we prices, but think that from now on you ,
hope soon to record marked improve- can look for an active market at improved The receipts of oranges will rule mudl-

ment in prices. We must, however, prices, and as the receipts are now very lighter for a few weeks and so shall hope
]JVEauI\ets, recommend that further shipments of light and the accumulated stock is working for quite an improved market to follow,

......... .... green fruit .stopped at once; enough out, we think that by the time you and it is our opinion shipments made
- JACKSONVILLE- Nor. 25. has already been done. can get fruit here that prices will bo better now will reach here for the advance market -

than-We now quote., New vegetables to-day from $1.50 to 2. We shall

FRUIT AND VEGETABLES. LIVERPOOL, Ifov. 7. when choice meet with ready sale, but hope for liberal shipments! next month

[Corrected every week'by Marx Bros.] Confirming ours of the 4th inst. we only the choice should be sent to marketat from you. YORK & WHITNEY.

These are average quotations. .Extra choice now beg to advise you. that about 800 this season of the year, and tomatoes
lots fetch prices above.top quotations, while poor boxes Florida oranges were offered at should be well colored or at least turning QUESTIONS AND REPLIES. '
r l t f lim 1 1 LJI II 'I I LJ I l l l ll l l.
lots sell lower. yesterday's auction, I to III in condition when they leave the State; for coming .
reasonable from subscriber
AU a
questions coming
Oranges, bright............ ..........$1.50102.50 selling from 10s. to 11s. 3d., while infe- North they do not ripen or change color ,'will be answered promptly as possible,It addressed
russet ....................... i.ootoz.25 Ferior in condition brought from 7s. 3d. and are liable to get chilled, when it is as
Lemons,Fla....."._..'....r........ ... 2.00 to 3.00 to color them at all. to the editor at'Lawter.
'" Messina............ .....'.... 4.50 to 8s.6d. Demand still continues good impossible Replies can not be given by mall.
Limes, TOO........... ................. .50 and fairly sound fruit will, in our opin- We quote as follows: Oranges, choice,
Grape fruit, barrel.................... 2.00 to 2.50 ion continue to realize remunerative bright, straight lines,average shipments, 227. COTTONSEED. J. B. C., New t
.. ,
i. 1.25101.50 I box, $1.70 to $2.00 ordinary straight hard hold of
Pineapples,crate..................... 4.00 prices for sometime to come. per ; York. Cottonseed is to get
Bananas,bunch....................4.. 1.25101.75 L. CONNOLLY & Co. Lines, $1.50 to $1.60; Russets, straight except from the planters themselves. It
Apples,barrel........................ 2.50105.25 lines,$1.40 to $1.75, with occasional sales is bought up by the fertilizer manufac-
Grapes, Malaga, .... ........ 5.00 to 6.00 of strictly fancy, well packed, rangingup turers. The nearest point to Switzerland
LIVERPOOL Nov. 11.'Va' .
Catawba :. .. ........ .30 ,
Cranberries crate..................... 3.00 to $2.25 to $2.50for desirable sizes. where you might get it is possibly at
Potatoes, Irish,barrel......to........ 2.00102.25 confirm our resports of 7th inst. Lemons, strictly fancy bright, $3.50 to :Madison, from J. L. Inglis.
sweet.bushel................. SO and now beg to advise transactions to $1.00; ordinary, $2.00 to $2.50; Rus-
N.Y. cabbage,each....... ............ .08 date in Florida oranges as follows: sets $1.00 to $1.50. fruit the de- 228. SAWDUST MULCH. G. G. H.,
Onions,yellow, barrel................. 3.00 : Grape Bonifay. ((1)) Sawdust would keep the
.. red...... .....-............... 250 Nov. 9.-Some 1,500 to 1,600 boxes of- mand is improving, but with increased ground cool and moist and keep the trees
crate.......................... x.oo fered and met with good: demand, thirdsto receipts, prices are ranging from $1.50 to .

Turnips, barrel....................... 2.00 sound in condition selling from 7s. 3d. $2.00 DOX. We advise holding backas from blossoming! so early perhaps; but
Beets, ......................... a.5o per you should take it away in the spring, it A
10s. 9d.Today.
Carrots, .. .................. ....e. 2.50 to much as possible, and let it increase in would make the ground sour and injure .'
Parsnips, .. ......................... 2.75 about 1,500 boxes were put on size and the prices will also be consider- recommend its .
Radishes, dozen....................... .40 the market and again found good demand ably higher later in the season. Mandarins the trees. We cannot
Okra peckCucumbers ............................. .35 from 7s. to 10s. according use at all. ((2)) We do not know of any- /
dozen..................... --40 realizing and Satsumas selling fairly well at one who has tried an osage orange hedge
Celery ....................... .73 to condition and quality.The $2.50 to $4.00 per box. Tangerines, $3.50to in Florida. Should be to hear from N
Egg Plana, barrel.............*......... 2.50 fair quantity of Jaffa and Malaga $5.00. Cucumbers, crate, $2.50 to glad
Beans,crate.......... ................. I.SO at present on'the market naturally per beans anyone who has. ((3)) Will give you ,
New Irish Potatoes, crate.............1.50(0 175 oranges $4.00; squash, $1.50 to $2.00; ,$1.50to price of small rice mills soon.
Peas, crate...... ...................... 1.25 affects the prices of Floridas a little.L. $2.00; egg plants per bbl. $5.00 to$8.00;
CONNOLLY & Co. tomatoes, ripe, per crate, $2.50 to $3.00; 229. OIL AND SALT. G. II. B., Ovi-
edo. Make an emulsion of brine and.
Hens....... ..........................$ .35 to .40 green,no sale. arabic then mix the oil with it.
Roosters...........,.................. .3to .35 NEW YORK, Nov. 16. REDFIELD & SON. gum ,
Broilers............................... 5to .30 You can :triturate the salt very fine and
Turkeys.....................,......... x.ootox.25 A cable from Smith& ,Crouch to-day rub it into a small portion of oil, but e
Ducks..................... .....:..... .45 to .60 quotes the foreign markets at 10s. 6d.,on ORANGES AT AUCTION.In union will not be permanent it is only
Geese.........................i....... .5to .75 an average, or equal to about $2.50. This New York;Nov. 16, E. L. Goodsell ;
Kggs.................................. .24 would give a net result to shippers whose sold Florida orangs: Tangerines, half, mechanical.230. NEW STEAMERS. R. B., Bar-

FERTILIZER MATERIAI?. fruit arrived in good condition and was $1.25 to 1.30; Mandarins, half, $1.20; tow. We cannot tell you with any certainty -

[Corrected. every week by the Paine FertilizerCompany. of good quality about SJ J.50 in Florida.I grape fruit, $2.40; brights, 1.25 to 1.95; ; when the new line of steamers

.) Ten report the New York market as dull, russets, $1.25 to 1.70; golden russets,$1.30to will be put on. You will learn from tho

''Ton. Tons. owing to heavy supplies, over 25,000boxes 1.60. daily papers. .
having arrived here Saturday and Same, Nov. 18: Tangerines, half, $1.20to
Blood and Bone, amm. 7-8 '
phosphate-35*...............*a8 00 $26 75 to-day. E. L. GOODSELL. 2.35; grape fruit,$1.30;choice oranges, 231. LEROY. !I. R. T., Nashua, N.
Bone,raw ground; b.p.50-6oj..... 31 75 30 75 $1.60 to 2.10; brights, $1.05 to 1.80; golden H. All we can tell you about Leroy is .
Bone, steamed b. p. 5o- f........ 31 5 3 SO that it is a very pleasant little village, as
s Sulphate Potash, "&-52 ............ 3* 75 30 75 NEW YORK, Nov. 19. russets, $1.40 to from the car'window, evidently
Sulphate Potash, -94$'''''''''''' 5* 5> 49 75 In Boston, Nov. 17, H. Harris & Co. .
Kafeit.23-2&C. ..................... 1650 15 75 A cable from Smith & Crouch quotesthe sold: Grape fruit, $1.70to 3; Satsuma, cupied by a good class of people. The
Add Phosphate, 13-16............. 17 5<> 75 Liverpool market to-day on Florida half proximity of the phosphate mines oughtto
................ half, $1.62 to X.87; Tangerines, ,$2.37to
00 00
Nitrate Soda,am. 19*, 55 53 as 10s. with firm market and render this thriving village in the
a a
. Canada Ashes....................... 190 1850 oranges 3.12; Mandarins, half, $1.37; whole,
SoRPhosphateg'd.b.p.6s-7o*f..... 900 ,8 5 this is more favorable than the last quo- $3; bright, $1.37 to 2; gilt edge, $2.25; near future. We can tell you nothing
bags,. tations,,and consequently the outlook is russets,$1.37 to 2.37; lemons,$2.25 to 4.12;" about the particular lot you describe.
$t 50 a ton less. favorable. This is especially more so t m i
(large box)$6; russet lemons)90c. to$1.12;
Soft Phosphates,"floats, 7oi 0.p. 10 50 10 oo
i Dried Blood am., xty............... 45 00 43 oo since there are no lots going forward with russet sweet Seville, $1.50.In London Ironmonger says that under
Cottonseed Meal, new stock........ 24 50 and the exception of what we are shipping, Chicago, Nov. 16, by Barnett Bros.: the name of "Le Dansk" there is
The market Ammoniates such as Blood
on and which we carefully inspect beforewe
Bone Animal Bone Dried Blood.Nitrate of Soda, send forward. E. L. GOODSELL. Tangerines, half, $3.75; brights, $1.50 to being introduced into England by M.
etc. is very strong, with a tendency for a riseduring 2; russets, $1.45 to 1.95.
December. Sulphates of Potash and all Same, Nov. 18: Tangerines, half, $1.45; Auguste Pellerin, of Paris, "a butter

or Potash Ji per Salta ton will as soon advance as navigation 5 cents per on the xoo German pounds, LIVERPOOL, Nov. 25,4.09 p. m. brights, $1.5.j; to 1.85; russets, $1.25 to substitute which appears to possess

rivers close, which may be at almost any time. Floridas sold at 11s.6d. Market has an $1.45.: the merit of being wholesome as wellas
This is to cover the additional freight for delivering upward tendency. SMITH & CROUCH. economical. Its manufacture has
to vessels via rail.
ST. Louis
M just been begun at large works which
NEW YORK Nov. 21.
ORANGES-Stocks in hands of dealers,
FLORIDA FRUIT have been erected at Southamptonand
Receipts of new Southern vegetablesfor as well as consighments in hands of com-
JACKSONVILLE, Nov. 24, 1891. the week closing to-day have been mission houses was large. Demand,while which were iccently opened." The ,

Since report of the 20th we have recorded only moderate and prices rule very firm fair, was largely confined to the well basis of "Le Dansk" "is the fat obtained

eleven auction sales, averages for stock ,of fine quality. Eggplants known brands from reliable packers, and from freshly slaughtered cattle, -
ranging from$1.50 to 2.10the; total gross have sold up to $10 per barrel; but this for this class of stock there was a moder- which is first converted into oleomargarine '
average being about$1.75. All grades are price is extreme and certain to decline, ately good inquiry at 25 to 50c, per box .
embraced in these averages.; Choice to yet the demand will be large, and prices above quotations. For average run off and afterwards treated aid" 1 ,

fang brights have readied l$$,5Q to 8f,but remunerative! from this time String fruit i in round lots we quote} ; Mexican, made into 'Le pansk." T Tt ;


... .:. ..'' .
: < '?
;. fy. .n.. :-


RA .-- ,, -... .

-- '" ,-
.. ... .

t.r yi

'. .
,. : '
"- ... .
': ..':' ,-,



:E : It is that way with beer and brandy,and NEW KODAKS. will be warm. But it will mystify a

"OUtt !oun Fo s. even with a drink made of that very company: of people quite, a while and
wormwood that would have made your you will be able to tell tho date correctly
'r-- 1 deer sick if it had eaten it. Just rub every time.
DEER one of these']leaves etwecn'Your fingers H4-4 _
ys ; : and then put the tip of your finger to the Every has characteristics'that are
.; your tongue. That is exactly the taste You press of interest to those who will study them.

My- neighbor's little boy ono evening of a stuff called absinthe, and brandy Last year Major Root sent me a largo

., '.. saw his teacher coming up the lane and and strong beer'are almost as bad." rLrr.ip& button, owl. ,The largest ono I ever saw, and I

called her in to take a look ,at his pet "You say people get fond of it if they tied him on tho piazza where I could
fawn. drink it again and again," mused Tom- we do e'est. make friends with him easily.Mr.

. t "Well, if he didn't get half a foot taller my, "but what makes them do that, I Owl would not eat anything but

f ,. since I saw him last," said the teacher; wonder? What m.skes'them, tryit at Seven Sew Styles and Sizes raw meat or dead birds, and so I kept
"if he keeps on like that, Tommy, he all?' the boys in neighborhood busy, with
S will be a big, deer the first. thing you "They see other people do it," said the ALL LOADED WITH Transparent Films. their slings killing sparrows for Mr.

know." teacher; Wand so they try it themselves, For sale by all Pboto.Stock Dealers. Owl. \!

, "Yes, he's growing," said Tommy; and keep on trying, because they think Now, I wonder how many of my
"but I wanted to BOO you about some- Mr. So-and-so ought to know better'than THE EASTMAN .COMPANY, readers know how an owl eats a bird

: thing else. He seems to be ill, and we nature. Their own nature warns them Send for Catalogue. ROCHESTER,N.Y. I never ,knew until I watched my own. \
{ do not know what to,do about it." against it,. but they do not mind that : He takes the bird in his claw and swal- t)

"Why, he looks all right now; what warning, and keep on till it is too late to lows whole, feathers, feet and bones, t
; seemed to be the matter with him?" turn back., Now you might ask me to THE HUMOROUS EGO.-In a quill placea and in about a half hour he spits out the, l
tell you who first took it into his head 'to small quantity of quicksilver and, haying indigestible in perfectly round l
." "He doesn't ,eat, said Tommy, "and make himself' sick with such foolish : I 'l"
1 a fastened it well in, insert the quill balls. Verily the owl has a" sausage
he-upset his water dish when I tried
habit. That seems a indeed, but through the end of a newly boiled egg; grinder in his construction, of this I am.
make him drink. I went the hill Nuzze
up on I it has been Be-
way. being placed on the table, it dance
f' sure.
to get him the best grass I could" find, but fore people drank wine they drank the about till cold. ..r.-..* <- 1
it's no use he must be sick.. "
i, ; fresh juice of grapes-"must, as they MAGIC bn .- writing picture The W. grove
Any or J. Keightley
a' "Let me see that grass, said the teacher call it, and probably tried to keep some young ,
made with cobalt chloride is invisible
, .. "I thought so," she laughed, when of it in bottles and jars. Now in warm which contains thirteen acres of trees;
Tommy took her to the fawn's fodder until heated strongly for a few seconds,
weather sweet juices of that sort are set in regular order thirty feet apart,
f' ,when the written characters or picture
' corner; "you got a lot of wormwood very apt to spoil. They ferment as it is of a blue color. By breath- and which was set out last February
]leaves mixed with the and appear simply
up grass one called and their taste becomes
, of the leaves got in that water dish." ,and pleasant ing upon? the paper they again disappear is a beauty. The growth of the trees, \
sharp disagreeable. Some stingy from view to again if heated. said the other is ira
appear day
; Tommy stared. "Ohl!maybe that's the in olden times have a gentleman
,t. reason he upset his water," he burst out; forced his servants to drink that may spoiled When you have a party of friends grand success ,for the grove man-
.. ""but I had no idea that.would make come in to sepnd the evening with you,
any Another of thir-
stuff rather than throw it and
: away, agers. young grove
, difference. What makes him ask them if they.would like to be mag-
soery after a while they got fond of it, and will be at the west
'f netized. Someone will say of teen acres planted
particular about a.fewleaves, I wonder'"You / yes
the foolish habit all the
, spread over course, and out and two of and adjoining this in January
j will know if you taste them, country. Now wine is nothing but fermented you go prepare grove ,
'\ said the teacher; "and maybe your fawn or spoiled must. Beer is fermented :- dishes of water. After carefully smok- when the whole grove,old and young,

wanted to get even with you teaching barley water. They ]let barley ing the bottom of one, saucers are as will number 'thirty-six acres. This ,
convenient fill both with
as anything,
;- him to jump through hoop. get soaked in water, and then mix it water. property is located on the Corley \
Why he seems. to like that, laughed and stir it till it that taste
z Tommy gets sharp Then return: to the room and make a Island road, one mile from Leesbure.Commercial. .
that made sick when tried it by
r 'That's j lust what I meant said the mistake in you that hotel you last few preliminary remarks about mesmer- .
teacher "he felt so much obliged to year. ism, hand the smoked saucer to the g'How's
; you \
"Yes and that I
on same trip once got
and wanted to j pay you,back-by teach- in the wrong railway car," said Tommy, subject fixed requesting and him to to keep follow his eyes This 1 '
ing a good lesson. An animal on yours your
you you "and that car was full of.tobacco smoke
v see,won't touch any bad-tasting food if motions exactly. We offer One Hundred Dollars
to make little brother
I it is ,in good health, and if you give and enough I thought it would my choke me before cry, You both stand in full view of the Reward for any case of Catarrh that. \
Ir 1 it the kind of drink, itdoesn't rest of the company,and then you dip
wrong the train and back into be cured Hall's Catarrh
stppped we got finger in the water, .making a can not by taking ; r
mind its thirst,but 'waits till it your
the I know who '
right car. a boy got so
forehead. He does the Cure.
cross on
better. And that's your
w gets something an sick he had to to bed when he first
r- answer to the question you asked me a' tried to smoke;go but I am sure I shall same; then you pass your finger around F. J. CHENEY & CO., Props., Toledo I

few weeks ago, when you wanted to never it at all." under the side of your saucer and make ] O. .

, know how; people could help getting "That try s right, Tommy, ]let such thins,: a cross on ;your chin. And so on until We, the undersigned, have known
tlie- to
l company begin laugh
fond of drinks that make them drunk yoursubject's
and sick. They should ]let such stuff alone altogether, said the teacher. "It's face is well marked with smut. F. J. Cheney for the last 15 years, and 1

if... / alone altogether, if they find put it docs should very easy get fond never of to such begin bad, but habits if you you Then dismiss" him,.saying, "you, are believe! him perfectly honorable in all .

. not taste right at first. You found out might find it hard to get rid of them:" mesmerized. business transactions, and financially

something' about that 'yourself, didn't "Ihave a book about travels"said "A little nonsense now and then able to carry out any obligations made .

; you? Tommy; "and 1 read that the American Is relished by the best of men," by their firm.
"About what-the ugly taste of bad
Indians first taught hite men to smoke. and fathers and mothers will laugh as West & Truax, Wholesale Druggist,
drinks you mean? One of cousins has been in \
my heartily at this as you will. Or requestthe Toledo Ohio. ,
"Yes; don't you remember what you and when I asked him what made the ,
loan of silver from
pieces some
told me about the hotel l where you got Indians so fond of tobacco smoke, he said one present, quarters are best and they Walding, Kinnan. & Marvin, Wholesale
thirsty, and tried a glass of something first used it to drive Toledo Ohio.
they mosquitoes out should be of different date. Place them Druggists, ,
you thought" was lemonade, and found it of their cabins. They burn tobacco leaveson in a hat and pass to one of the number Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken inter- ,
# was beer? a hot pan and the gnats all fly out of
: present, nally acting directly the blood
: 0, yes! I remember, laughed Tommy the window." upon
Let each take the and note. .
one piece
and surfaces of the
; "I never tasted anything worse in mucous system.
"I should.not wonder
' laughed the its date, then put it in the hat and you tI
, my life. I don't see how in the"world teacher; "and that would show that mos- will at once tell them by touching the I Testimonials sent free. Price, 75c.

,people can*get fond"of such stuff quitoes have more sense than those In- pieces which one they had .because it I per bottle. Sold by all Druggists. t1
"That's mst it, said the teacher; "
dians. -FELIX L. OSWALD, in the Pansy.
should do .little deer did
"they as your .
this afternoon, and never meddle witha -

drink that taste very bad the first time, Some Pleasant Games.

they try it, unless they should be sick One of our correspondents has suggestedthat PAR E Scan I SCOb( tT3fPT1ON OF THE B JLI2f)
and need a bitter medicine for particular we publish in our young folks department -
If a healthy should
purposes. person some games by which the
!. try to drink big glasses full of uglymedicine evening may be made to pass pleasantly certainly bo cured by only ins chin;. nauicly: P&o?.Pnsirs great: discovery,

just for fun every day he] would 1 when a number are gathered togetheror

_'. soon be sick, and few medicines taste as in the family circle. We give a few PAINE'S CELERY COMPOUND. r
bad as some of the drinks so many people which may be familiar to some but not

get drunk on." to all. We shall be glad of suggestionsin Saved From tho Insane Asylum. Dtar 81r.-l feel itmy dutyto tell you
"Cod-liver oil doesn't, nor herb tea," this line, but let it be something what Paine's Celery Compound did for me. J cant Draiso It enough. About a year ago my
.. said Tommy. "I tried them, and know which ]has been tried and does not require head troubled me so that it teemed ai though! I should be crazy. It was caused by orcr-
they are not half as ugly as beer. And too elaborate preparation. study. I asked the advice of two doctors who gave me medicine to no effect,and I did not
they say beer isn't the worst yet," ho Alphebetical Rations is eating only by know whAt I would do. I did not want to ECO anyone everything seemed so strange. I ..
added; "there are drinks that taste like the letters of the alphabet. had a tired,languid feeling,my kidneys troubled me, and I felt badly. I read your advertisemcnt -
fire it in a paper and thought I would try the compound. Before I had taken half of one
burning ,
you get a drop on your Tommy can only eat what begins with
bottle I felt like a new person. Four bottles cured mo and I would recommend it to all
tongue. I don't see how in the world A-and he says apples, alewives, aigs, that feel the way I did. Yours truly :MBS. J. 1:. Wocox, Rural P.O.,WIs.
anybody can net fond of such stuff." ;apricots. Tommy pays a forfeit for!aigs. 1
"Let me tell you," said the teacher. Jennie has E. She can only live on eggs Physicians Proscribe It. Dear Sfru-l am much pleased vilh the action of
"The first time they try it they cannot and eels. X. Y and Z have a hard time Paine?Celery Compound In those cases where the nervous system was broken down from
. help disliking it, and they should take and pay innumerable forfeits for bad over-worr of mind or body. I hare seen particularly results where the patient had
- the hint to let it alone altogether. Butif lost all ambition no appetite constipated,could not sleep night, etc. Thrcft or tour cases
spelling. of weak emaciated,hysterical females have been cured with the Co 1pOW1d. I hare observed
they keep drinking it in spite of their Some queer articles of food are thoughtof rest
that it quiets excitable nerves,gives patients better increases: appetite,regulates
honor, it will lead to a very strange result and each child learns somethingaboutedibles bowels and is a good remedy to buIld up broken-down cases generally. Yours truly

. Their nature gradually gets that they probably never thoughtof K. c. ZDonnxKf, JL D., Altona,HL

changed till a time comes when they before if some older person is umpire? It la sold by,aH reliable! druggists. WELLS,EICnABPSOy,&CO:, Props.,l' rl1ntton.Vt
cannot do without a drink that made. in tho game. Tommy won't forget that

{hem shudder 'Wh 2 they taste it first, aigs are eggs,. Beware<< pf worthies$ imitations of DIAMOND DYES.



- .
.. ,= ,
+if ;;; -


i .. .. j .

.. -. IgRS

,. '. 't..7.:(' r

few drops of linseed oil to the varnish Look at the figures. Each one of i add' 'eggs, then-f stand'the stewpan ink'' .. '

: !\urral Jlome. and'dropping' a little oil on the'rubber the pullets raised last year laid us 142 a continue pan of boilingwater stirring until the on ingredients the fire, and become -

from time to time. Apply with a circular eggs, and gave us a profit of $2.90. 'quite a thick cusfard; take off the ..y .

Rose Culture for Women motion of the arm and rub until Isn't such a bird really worth $2 for fire and stand in. a pan of cold water. .
For Our Rural Home.I the wood has absorbed all it will.. The eggs-alone? We think she is worth and stir until quite! cold. Roll,the puff ;

sometimes wonder why advantage of the waxed surface over that to us, hence we decline to part paste out the thickness >of a quarter '
many an inch now cut some round piece
women with leisure and a liking,for this style of polishing is that any defacement with'her for less than her value.If and lay them; in tartlet pans, -pressout .. ,
flower culture do not look at the practical may be removed simply by a farmer has a particularly good the paste from the center with the thumb ;
side of the matter and turn it to rubbing with a large cork sufficientlyto milch-cow that gives her eighteen to 'and finger-then place in each a teaspoonful -
heat. for weeks together of the mixture. Then put them on :
advantage. Many women have more produce a slight twenty quarts a day ;
A cabinet maker has given and when she docs shrink still givesa a baking tin, in a moderate oven, andbake
time than money, while others seem practical I a pale brown. When baked takeout x
to have nO'time and very little money.Of me the, following rules for furniture liberal mess, he isn't going to sell of the pans and let them get cold, ,
the two I verily believe the latter creams and polish: Equal quantities 'that cow as low as he will that old then dish them on laco paper in glass. or

are the better off and therefore will of 'beeswax, linseed oil and spirits of "native" cow that never gives a pailful, silver dishes., -+
direct this to those who have the time .I turpentine; melted, thoroughly mixed and shrinks to ten, eight or six quartsa PINEAPPLE PVDDI O. Ingredient:, '+
I and cooled well when rubbed feed is One pint of milk, six eggs, sir ounces of
and would like to earn the money. on gives day as soon as June past. six cakes of
nice Another is made from He the value of the milker sugar, sponge a tin pre- s
The cultivation of the rose in Flor a polish. great served pineapple and three ounces of Y
ida has reached a wide extent and is rectified spirits, 2 oz., butter of antimony and$50, $60, possibly$75, is the price dried cherries. How to use them: But- +

used by large numbers of people for 4 oz., blended with a pint of put on her when another farmer wantsto ter well a pudding mould, and ornamentthe '
both profit and pleasure, and why not linseed oil. To polish old furniture, buy, while $25, or $30 takes the top with dried cherries and.-pieces of r .
2 oz. of powdered shellac "native." It is j just so with good early pineapple; :put in the sponge cake ,
make it a source of earning something put gum, (broken in pieces) and some more pineapple i;
by our women? There are large hotels oz. of copal gum, and rZ oz. of gum hatched and early laying pullets. With (broken in small pieces);into a basin
near all if not in every town and arabic in a quart of spirits of wine, well nourished bodies to sustain the put the milk, the sugar, and the eggs a
village in Florida. These are over- set in a warm place and shake daily drain of egg making and resist the whisk all together until the sugar is dissolved '

flowing with people who come to Flor- until dissolved.For cold, they will lay all winter when to, then it turn add the the syrup'mixture'over of the pine-the

ida to enjoy our delightful climate and hardwood floors, mix rz lb. of eggs bring "way-up" prices, and it is sponge apple cakes; in the mould, cover' with

!scenery; :-especially our roses, 'andthey yellow beeswax, i oz. of powderedrosin those winter eggs that pay. buttered paper, and steam one hour .and
: think nothing of paying fifty with one-third of a pint of turpentine As we have so frequently preached, twenty minutes. Chop the ,rest of the
cents a dozen for them-would have ; place them in a can(an empty the whole secret of profit is containedin pineapple very fine, turn the puddingonto

them at double the price.A fruit or tomato can) and set this withina the rule: Hatch the chickens early; around a it hot and dish serve, place Immediately.-GOOd tho pineapple
vessel of boiling water and stir until them will cometo
friend 'mine having a few roses keep growing so they Housekeeping. a

because she loved them, one,day senta well mixed. The greatest-care must laying before cold weather; and FISH C.\KES.-Tn what is left of

bunch to a sick lady in a large hotel be exercised in doing this, not to spillor then keep them laying. The wholeof picked-lip salt codfish, also the, cream; .

near by. The,next day a number of splash a drop on the stove, as these that $2.90 a year profit condensed add twice as much cooked potato and r
articles inflammable. When into those lines. Farm more salt and pepper. Chop very fine, ;
people from the same hotel called to _are:very Poultry.
- and mash until potato and fish are thor-
well mixed aside until cool and - -
see if they could not buy some. My put oughly blended. Add more potato or
friend declined on the, plea that she I thin with turpentine to the consistencyof i RECIPES. .- soft,breadcrumbs if toO moist nri egg if
could not sell roses, and that she cul cream. Have the floor perfectlyfree I too dry. Shape into small flat cakes. x
ORANGE FRITTERS.-Make a nice light Roll them in flour and them in hot .
from dust with woolen fry
apply a
tivated them for her ,
own pleasure
batter with one-half pound of flour, salt-pork fat.
but gave away all that were then in rag; rubbing with the grain of the one-half ounce of butter, half, a teaspoonful -
bloom. wood and polish with a piece of Brus- { of salt, two eggs, and sum
sels or a polishing brush. cient milk to give the proper consistency,
Said she "Afterwards in carpet WaT8
: thinkingthe
; G B &OLt ,
which would be about one pint; peel the ..A .
For floors mixture of
matter over I could not see why painted use a
oranges and divide each into eight pieces Abox of
I should not sell them. If I had equal parts of turpentine with linseedoil without breaking the thin skin; dip each
_ raised potatoes or onions I would send with a little Japan dryer added. piece into the batter; have ready a pan BEEOHAM'SPILLS
them to market; and I determinedthat For stained and varnished floors, rub of boiling lard or clarified dripping;
before another season came roundI with crude petroleum. The reason drop the oranges in this and fry a delI- ,- ::
cate brown-from eight to ten minutes. constliutes a';:
would put out ten times the amountI why polished floors, whether of hard, When done, lay them on a piece of white ltmciaoia chest medi-:..
now had and see if I could make painted or stained wood, so often look blotting-paper before the fire to drain :
them pay for themselves." She did gummy is that enough care is not ex- away any greasy moisture that may remain Sle'k ache,HMrl-Weal, ,.
as she. planned and the first year sold ercised to have the floor perfectly dry sprinkle them over with white \ 'Stomachtos3 ; "<* ,
and free from dust and that the sugar and serve hot. of Ap-\\
enough cut roses to pay for her plants; polishis .Ap'petite.mnd
ORANGE PUDDI o.-Tak6 the yolks of
not sufficiently rubbed in. fain{n)
apparatus for watering them and the
three eggs, one tablespoonful of corn theStomachGiddiness ,\
colored man for the few days labor Painted woodwork or furniture may flour, one breakfastcupful of powdered .. t

she had required, and had enough left be polished by rubbing with a mixtureof white sugar, one pint of milk; make \tFnlneuSweUlnrr, Cold after. Chills meals', Flushings'.of DLsstnessDrocsiness ;: ,**
to buy-a black silk dress. Besides four ounces of methylated spiritsof into a custard by allowing it to come to t Heat ShortnessorBreath, Costtveness2Uotche ,?
thicken. Peel and five \ *,on the Skin, Disturbed Bleep,
wine three drachms of oil of almonds the boil to slice *
these when there sick and alt .
was a
person, into nervous and trembling Mm <
and the
a puddingdish
a wedding or a church fair friend's and one ounce of orange shellac oranges put \lions are relieved by using these pur.\ i
my with sugar sprinkled over each 0:all druggists. Price 25 cents a box.:
roses were there in such quantity and dissolved in warm water, and a quarterof layer. While the custard is quite hot, New York Depot," 6s Canal St.:19: '
profusion that I could not help feeling an ounce of gum myrrh.-A.. C. in pour it over the oranges; make a whipof r
that their value was doubled Country Gentleman. the whites of three eggs and two k
Is < tablespoonfuls of sugar, place on the top,
twofold. and brown very delicately in the oven. PLANT BED CLOTH.
Front in Pullets.,
Besides there of
roses are quantities S\-nup.-8core the
small and small orangesall substitute for glass on hot beds, cold "
other flowers that can be grown for The egg-yield profitof over in immitation of some ornamental Cheap
frames, etc. Three grade!, Light.,Medium and
profit as well as pleasure and any a year'ago, as we stated at the time, design, representing:basket-work ortrelliswork fItftc\
smart, practical woman can do what was due to our not getting out chicks and then simmer them in .' I ,
my friend has done and be the hap early, and not being able to get themto water until nearly done'' through. They JOR f Ft-ORISTS, GARDENERS,
must next be put into cold water for
until midwinter.Ve losta TOBACCO GROWERS ETC.
pier for it. laying '
twenty-four hours, changing the water ,
dollar's, worth of eggs per fowl in three hours. At the end of this I g
every rrottcts from frost, promotes hardy, vigorous, ,
Polishing$ Furniture and Floors. that lost four or five months, and, as time they should be drained in a sieve growth Will not shrink mildew. '
For the surfaces of< tables in dailyuse we had to feed the pullets, ,of course for several hours, then placed in an
waxing is often preferred to var- that loss was wholly deducted from earthen pan' and covered with a hot
made by boiling three pounds of
nishing, on account of the ease with the profit.A sugar syrup and one quart of water for five
which scratches, spots and various study of the figures given helps minutes. For three successive days let
abrasions may be removed. The material to determine the value of a well- the syrup be boiled up and skimmed,and

used in waxing is made by melt. matured pullet. ,A recent visitor was when nearly cold pour, back upon the For xife by leading dry roods houses seed-

ing four ounces of beeswax, and then quite surprised when we told him we oranges may be 1 ;put after away the last in jars time, and the used oranges for men, florists, etc. For circulars and samples .
adding eight ounces of spirits.of tur should not sell those pullets now at dessert when required. apply '

pentine. It IS rubbed on with awoolen laying maturity under'$2 to$3 apiece, LEMON CUSTARD CuEEscar.F.s.Ingredients .NATIONAL WATERPROOF*7 South St.,Nor FIBRE York,CO.Jf..,Y.
cloth, and the result will be in direct and wanted $25 for a'' pen often of : One-half pound of puff paste, '
the said he "a four of butter, four ounces of Also waterproof orers from :#cent per square ,
proportion to might with which it them. "Why, neighbor ounces foot.
is applied. of mine sold some for 75 cents apiecel" powdered white sugar, four lemons Agents wanted. .xxs2aD

The French polish given to pianos 'Were they laying?" we ask d. "No, eight lemon.eggs llow, and to one use them drop:of Put essence the but-of .: .

and interior hardwood finish is shellac they weren't ready to lay yet, but they ter, sugar, the juice of four lemons, and O Send YOU to NEED DaCosU PRINTING Printing.OP se.4onsc ANY rubU-tWa.KIND

yarn\>h applied bjr a rubbers, a were good hicet1\ !.u rubbing of one t Jeniqn into a stewpan; : ,JacksonTille .

5i r .


L .

.. xrS

r .

i '. .. .
: : -
I '
; : '

It : :'. : THE FARMERS' ALLIANCE. :: s


.... .
,.... v: Agriculture is the Basis of Wealth." No. 48.

TOMAWYER, ,Staff Contribute waves his magic hand it is as if a frost: had done duty as a mother until her fling to get any money to pay for
came down on the growing crops. middlings wouldn't furnish their own schooling and dressing the children.
Farm Statistics--No. 7. He fixes the price of your wheat before grease in frying-had to help out with Thank the Lord for good public
In the course of my lectures throughthe you have turned over last year's stubble cottonseed oil. Neal did say it, andI schools, however, so we will not be
State'during the past{ summer, I and sells your cotton at seven cents hereby testify to his excellent char. entirely without means of educatingour
r took occasion several times to tell why ere yet the seeds have left the gin acter for what the,lawyers term "truth little ones. People in cities haveno
s the Alliance..demanded the abolitionof house. That man can get all the and veracity.'; idea how we are troubled in the
the present National banking sys.: money he wants from the "peculiar Next spring I will go down to Camp< country about schools, but we have
tern, and,I told who got the money pets" of the Government when ten bello and borrow an oat straw ,of thMajor plenty of preserves and firewood, so
that landowner. was unable to boi thousand acres of the best land on the for a fishing pole.! Me and things are sorter evened up somehowand
row. By way.of illustration I said: planet will not help you to a dollar. Mose and Major are going fishing one life is not a failure.I .
"But, my friends, there is a man There are some conditions in this life of these days. Law, law, what a.fish am getting ready to go up to In-.
who can get all the money he needs that are manifestly unjust and this is from these 'great corporations. You financial condition which we farmers just only.turn himself loose for a little and also the country. Just howI
have probably heard of him.and Art. hope to see changed." season! am to do this thing is a mystery yet
z XVIII of our Declaration Purposes Some of my good friends in the State One of our country merchants sent but I shall trust the good Lord and
is aimed expressly at him and his inquired of'' me if it were not possible me a notice the other day that he had a my common sense to keep me.out of
methods. Using the term Wall Street that I was not mistaken' in this matter, supply of "McDusenberry's Chill and mischief. 'If we do no good we will
in.j Jts common acceptation, let me say; and yet I stand to the illustration Fever Tonic," and that he had every at least try our best to keep from doing
that he has an office just around the Some recent developments in'the management reason to believe that it was a great evil. TOM SAWYER.
/ corner where Jie is fitted up in a style of our National banks certainly medicine. Doubtless he does and i if ._p4--
becoming a prince. There may be ;a confirm my opinion. If you will I were getting 40 per cent. for hand Reply to Dudley W. Adams on
mortgage on the fixtures or they maybe ] notice the great Maverick Bank of ling it I would think so too. When I National Banks.
,merely rented for the occasion, but Boston which failed recently I think was young and unhealthy I used to Editor Alliance Department:
,, that little office is all that he has between you will see a case in point. I thoughtfor fool along with medicine a right smart, In your issue of October 15th is
him and ,heaven, or the other years past that t the Maverick was: but as I approach my grave I am getting an article by Dudley W. Adams replying -
place that a sheriff ,can find. He< above suspicion with its great capital cautious. I don't need any helpon ] to certain interrogations pro.
wears: good clothes such as we farmers; and vast surplus; and if you will notice the journey-am moving on fast pounded to him by Prof.: Borden, in
never see except when some very high- the number of millions on deposit and enough to suit me. The machinerymay which article there are many state-
toned drummer happens to hit town gone to the dogs through speculation creak a little but if you'll excuse< ments' I believe to be erroneous and
,Saturday, and.he belongs to a club.DYes you will see that many persons shared me I'll not oil the joints. What I am therefore calculated to mislead the
he belongs to a club and if you my views as to its stability. Every trying to' do now is to live, so I think average reader.In .
could see him order a fifty cent,drink,, week some one or more of these great I'll refrain from all chill and fever speaking of the laws pertainingto
you would think the club belonged to concerns go to the wall, or to Canada,, tonics. I have an old friend away and governing National banks,
him. When business is flush he eats: and people bewail their lost dollars.It dcwh on Indian River nearly to the Mr. A. says, *'I have examined
..a $5 dinner,. but usually a couple of is almost too common for comment. South Pole who assures me that be< these most carefully and see
.' dollars will satisfy his appetite, which But let some poor devil of a manager never takes a dose of medicine. Has: no legislation therein that can
never yearns after bacon and greens,, of our Alliance enterprise slip up for not. for nearly two hundred years possibly be called class legislation.The .
nor yet for cornbread'and fry. He i is ten or fifteen thousand dollars and see When he feels a little out of sorts he< right to engage in National bank-
: a good liver. and has a good liver.'] what a howl: is raised all over the land! stops eating until he gets all right king is open alike to all American
: When he walks back into the cashier's And yet those same: howlers predictedthe again. I would hate to quit eating. 'citizens of every class, color, politics,
)1 office he doesn't lift his hat and he end from beginning. One of my neighbors told'me a few religion: or employment on equal terms
:: doesn't care a continental if the ashes No doubt'very many of the Nation. days ago that I planted too. many oats! with equal rights and priviliges to all.''
r from his twenty-five-cent cigar falls al banks are managed honestly and to the acre. I usually plant six pecks,, Unfortunately Mr. A. does not define
: ,onto the cashier's desk. He'is as big : carefully; that is a matter of course, but he says that three"pecks are ampleon class legislation. Now, if the laws
t. -a man in. New York as the cow-boy but the temptation to speculate ruins pine land, and that he made a magnificent pertaining to and governing National
used to be in Texas and twiceas- im many most excellent men, and those crop last season with that banks are not class legislation becauseno
.' pudent. I say he has an office just depositories of the people's money amount. 1 intend to try his plan, fora American citizen is debarred front
..' around the corner: and he has a "tick should be watched as well as protectedby dollar per bushel for seed is pretty participating therein, so also with
; er" in that office.. I don't just know .the Government so lopg as they steep and I would like to get even on. equal force may we contend that the
what a ticker is, ''but they are handy ire allowed to exist. If "demand"' oats before I die. high protective tariff and the guaranteeing
about the office of such gcntlemen, so of the Alliance accomplishes nothing Three .weeks ago I gathered some of the bonds of railroads are
they usually have them. more it will help to bring those great tomatoes and hung them up in a cool not class legislation, because the
After a while he gets some informa financial institutions back into the place to ripen, which they are doing business which this legislation tendsto
tion through that thing called a ticker, channels: of legitimate business. In. beautifully, and to-day I brought in benefit "is open alike to all American -
then he fixes up a note at thirty or stead of condemning the Alliance demands another lot. .l NO one who has not citizens." We may go one step
sixty days for $20,000. I'll say twenty the whole country ought to tried them at this season of the year farther and say that since there is no
I r thousand I lest I take your breath, away emphasize them until we see improvement can have any idea how nice they are business in the United States that is
when I mention the real amount. He in business methods all through and how they help out a fall dinner.In not "open alike to all American citi-
has printed forms of a note always on our entire system of political economy. this connection I desire to say to zens" who may have the means and
hand'and he'signs one. He does not Eight millions of the people's money all of our readers that the conch peais ability to engage therein, therefore
(p! forget that banks require security of gone; into the hole where the Maverick a treasure to the farmer. It is a here is no such thing as class legislaion. -
borrowers, and rightly too, so he puts National Bank fell through is.worthy good; fertilizer which, if followed by .
F4# on his hat and his gloves, also his uf. attention. sweet potatoes next spring, will makeno Again, Mr. Adams says, "National
cane, and steps across to another office I merely call Major Campbell's at. end of potatoes. .For table use banks do not receive any moneyat
f : just like his in gorgeousness-mort tention away from old Speck for a few his.pea is perfection, and comes at a all from the government with or
all-where he gets a name minutes that he may contemplate that time when vegetables are scarce. No without a tax of one per cent. The-
across the back. That is security. bole into 'which so much good money matter how soon you plant, they will government receives money from the
The door of.the mighty vault flies open ,dropped.[ I don't know how he can not bear until they get ready, which banks instead of the banks from the
with never a creak from the hinges sell a hog in Ocala mine are all too is 5 late in the fall. Mine are in full government."
and outcome the greenbacks.Who fat for that market. My neighbor, blast now, say November 10, and Iam Now, irthe money which the government -
is that man. Whose touch is Neal Johnson, told me with tears in putting away a large quantity for receives from the banks 3 is a loan,
potent enough to turn the lock'of a his eyes and a quiver of truth in his use until my garden comes in next so also are the "bonds which the banks
National bank? My friends, he is I voice that the only hog he could sell in I spring. Yes, we can live on a farm receive from tiig government a Joan,
called the speculator, an4 when he 't 1C Ocala market t has\ :\\H old 1 gow t hl f3 f\t in Florida i but jt takes t 1 some t Jal} scuf. ranting[ that the banks get {fyeicIi
., ,, .

.. .

i Fh .
< ,



,. .
.' .

'..' "- .
'; ..... -'
., .. '


bonds direct from the government. ing, etd., the government taxes us.one most cunning.system ever devised to RICH FLORIDA
Thus far is the transaction mutual and per'cent and we.sell the bills they print fertilize the rich man's field with the LANDS. >
voluntary. But the financial historyof for us." From this.. infer that Mr. sweat' of the poor man's brow.
the United States teaches us that A. thinks the government does not act HERSCEL P. WALKER.Lake .
for every sixty dollars the banks on justly with banks in charging them a Region Nursery, Auburndale. Polk Co., F
an average have loaned (?) the gov- tax (which is simply another name for Fla. [To be continued.]
ernment, they (the banks) have re interest-a distinction without a differ .
ceived therefor $100 worth of bonds, ence) of one per cent. instead of permitting '
The Food Supply of the Future.No. .-
untaxable,and drawing interest payablein them "to go' to an engraver 2.
gold, semi annually in advance; and printer and.get our notes printed !
bonds now worth about twenty-five as cheap as we can." Do not the banks Editor Alliance Department:
per cent premium in the market. receive interest on the bonds deposited Modern research, in discovering the
Not-a very bad transaction on ,the with the government? Do the laws of nutrition md the growth of -. -.' 1, A
part of the banks to part with $60 in banks pay any other tax on their cur. plants, has shown that they can growon .
money and receive in exchange some- rency? Is not all other property subject the most barren soil. Of the materials -
thing worth $125. ,But the banks to a'much' higher tax?. (No class that make up the plant, only a 1 '
heretofore, instead of selling their legislation here, of course.) Is it very small proportion-say 2 per cent.
bonds the banks that the or thereabout of grass, when ready to
at one hundred per cent more unjust to they pay
than first cost, deposit them with the government a tax (interest) of one be made into hay, and a still smaller Farmers Stop and,Think.
government and receive about ninetyper per cent. for the government's credit proportion of the ripened.grain of WHY Spend the best years of your
cent of their value in National that the banks may charge the people wheat and corn-have come from the life cultivating the soils of the frozen
bank notes, something worth ten per $18,000,000 annually for money to soil, the rest having been supplied by North and West raising crops on which
cent less than the face of the bonds. transact their business? Money, too, the air from its stores, which are inex- the freight is often not realized, when
Here arises the question: Why do that rests ultimately upon the creditof haustible. The combustible portion you can buy land from undersigned,
not the banks sell these bonds at the government and that should consists mainly of the chemical elements rich and fertile as any known lands,
twenty-five per cent. premium insteadof cost the people scarcely anythimg? If carbon, oxygen, hydrogen and and where you can raise a crop that the
depositing them with the govern. the banks owned the world would nitrogen. The carbon was obtainedby United States Government will pay a I
ment at ten per cent. discount? The they not weep if the government the plant from the air through its BOUNTY of$i oo on each acre. ..

only answer is, that owing to rights charged them one per cent. to create leaves, oxygen and hydrogen- are theconstiiuents HOLD_ On, this_ isn't all. You can. sell '
and privileges (not class legislation of I more worlds for them to own? of the water, which the the said crop right there in your home .
course) which the banks enjoy theyare Again, Mr. Adams says, "When we air also furnished, and the nitrogen market for $250 per acre. You ask for'
enabled to 'make a clear profit of f get these printed notes from the government likewise came from the air. The only the "How" and the "Wherefore."
more than they could otherwise real they are not money at all any food which the soil produced to the Quite right-facts and figures count best. ..
ize this of if plant was the small amount of mineral
difference than would be
on thirty-five more they they came
matter found in the ashes, and this Plant the Land with Sugar Cane. .
cent which from other office. .
per ; a profit accrues to any printing Theyare
them in the natural process of bank- simply a lot of blank notes and usually is so abundant in ordinarysoils TO OLD Farmers and careful perus- .
ing and that too when money and we could not buy a circus ticket with that the cropping of ages does ers of papers, the fact that there is now
labor jointly increase the wealth of them. We must make them into not exhaust them.Experiments established near Kissimmee, fla., the _
the country less. than five per cent. mon.ey ourselves. It becomes have found the chemi- St. Cloud Sugar Refinery, is stale ''I
annually. money then because we have loaned cal elements that plants take up by news.Ve are talking to all our
It is purely a delusion that National Uncle Sam cash enough to make goodour their roots. The list includes phos- friends. Sugar cane can be raised as
banks have to loan the government promise to pay." phoric acid, sulphuric acid, chlorine, cheaply as corn, and Uncle Sam will .
money. Now, I will admit National Now, I have above shown that Na- iron, lime, magnesia, potash, and for pay you a bounty of two cents per pound
banks are established on the theory of tional banks may be created without many plants some compound of nitro on the manufactured sugar. The St. .
combining private capital with public their loaning(?) Uncle Sam any money gen. The most of these substances Cloud plantation in Osceola Co., Fla., .
credit, yet private capital is not an whatever. The purchasing power of exist in abundance in even barren averaged 4,500 pounds of sugar to the k
essential element in the establishmentof bank currency does not attach to the soils, with the exception of phosphoricacid acre last year, and it will go 5,000 .
a National bank. Private credit material of which it is made, where it potash and nitrogen. The firstis pounds this year.METHODS .

will do as well and I will try to make is made, how it is made, or by (the per abundant in many countries, and ? This isn't the only big
this plain. Suppose A has $100,000in son) whom it is made, except as a I in no country so abundant and cheapas chance of your life, however. The .k
money and he invests this in U. S. matter of detail. Neither does it at- in Florida. Nature has suppliedthe cultivation of rice lands about Kissimmee -
bonds. Now, if B, C, D, E and F, tach to the final act performed-re. second in the almost inexhaustible is to become an assured, profitable _
wishing to start a National bank, ceiving the signatures of the bank of. beds overlying the sea salt in the fact. There is no richer or better
jointly borrow A's bonds, agreeing to ficials-except as a matter of detail.It region of Stassfurt, Germany. Upto truck and market-garden lands in the
pay him the interest as it matures andat attaches to the "power behind the the present time, nitrogen has been world than the land on the rich over
some future time to return to A throne1 the government's credit rest. the most costly of the several ele- flow, or bottom lands about Kissimmee. -
these or similar bonds, B, C, D, E ing upon its expressed power to. tax ments of plant food, and without it Write, for confirmation, to Col
and F, to perfect the organization of the,people.But the soil is exhausted and refuses to A.. K. McClure, editor Philadelphia
the bank, may deposit these bonds I infer from Mr.[ Adams'' .article ,yield a harvest. Agriculturists have Times, who has personal knowledge.Then .
with the Treasurer of the United States that the power of the governmentto paid from ten to twerity five cents a in lands for 'orange groves, or
and receive $90,000 in bank currency make money is subsidiary to that pound for it, in guano, nitrate of soda groves already cultivated or bearing,
from the Comptroller. So far as the of National banks. I had been and sulphate of ammonia and other I can satisfy you that your best interests
bank is concerned there is no elementof taught'by the Alliance that section forms, and yet hundreds of tons are lie in seeing me before any one else. .
private capital invested in this 8 of the Constitution of the United floating in the atmosphere over every
transaction. The corporators have no States gives Congress the }power "to acre of soil cultivated. Can nature's BEAUTIFUL The health
capital whatever invested. A's bonds coin money and regulate the value supply, so near, be made available for fulness and beauty of Kissimmeehave
were not capital because the govern thereof' and that all money made the needs of plant life, has been the never been questioned. No
.. ment had,already borrowed. A's capi otherwise than by the agents or ap question scientists have for' years been diphtheria, no consumption, no pneumonia -
tal and is paying him interest in gold pointees of the government was seeking to solve. Some 250 experi- -in fact, read our medical
for it. Upon what capital then is this counterfeit. However, Mrs Adams ments that have been published dur report: Beautiful cottages, villas or

bank established? Clearly upon no would inform the Alliance that ing the past three years, confirm the lots suitable for residences. Write"for .- t
capital whatever except the $90,000 of the officials of the bank "must conclusions that leguminous plants not terms and particulars.
bank currency lent to corporators at (per si-another) make them (the' only obtain large quantities of nitro- COME SOUTH, And gel untold
one per cent. interest on the strengthof bank notes) into money;" and gen from the air but that microbes in quantities of the grandest climate in
what the government owes A. Will that, per se, mikes them as good as the soil are the agents by which it is the world free with each acre of ground
Mr. Adams now tell us wherein these greenbacks. Presto! The Alliance done, and that the amount of nitrogen purchased. Come where you can till
stockholders, per St, have loaned the should'renounce all its teachings on collected is more or less directly the soil twelve months in the year.
government any, money? moneymaking and take a thoroughcourse proportioned to the number of nodules At least write to me for full particulars.WM. .
Mr. Adams further states: "We in political economy from on the roots in which the microbes CANNON,
will not be allowed to go to,an engraver Dudley W. Adams. are believed to act. What the Kissimmee, F la.
for the land of the Dlsston ,
and printer and get our notes Let him continue, unintentionally, species are and 'what is their exact Agent for the Associated Railways lands Companies,and the
printed as cheap as we can, but :we to throw the veil of deceit upon National connection with the process, are questions land of K1ulmmee-Land Co.
Phosphate, cane, rice, trucking, .
must employ the government to print banks,but the strong arm of truth which bacteriologists are study- fruit, grazing,sugar timber, general farming, ,"
them for'us and pay them their own will lift'the veil thereof and then will ing with the most eager activity. and home lands. Send fpr rnap.howjng
price, To pay ort this engraving, print. tfrey sta.nc} pqt in l>oW ichicl r i i\\ t the Put the interesting fact<; i is that t 'Ihes lends, ,
t., .

.Da, !:.: ., .
.. ." [' '
1 e .

i, .
-'''- -- .. .. .,,.. "' ...- "....",-, ..... .. -"'. ..... --.. "' .,<,....,, f. .....;' v,...._ .


4 .

:::4) .: r .
_...' 1 . ,,. :" "
'9$ FLORIDA DISPATCH, FARMER AND 'FRUIT-GROWER. ,',. '_ LNov> c$> '26189! .

: organisms are providing: for our welfare !- Ruling; Out Farmers.An 'fews..J" ,THEJacksonville
) and that they are'efficient minis- Associated Press dispatch from gtate ] ( .

ters to our existe cc. Instead of being the Supreme Council of the Alliance in '" --- --. _--_ Tampa
only germs of fever and death theyare ;Indianapolis says: Frank Hopkinson, manager' of the ,
no less truly the means of provid- Another change refers to the matterof vegetable farm of Mr. Marsteller, says
ing us with what is iridespensable to procuring legislation. Hitherto there that he has been shipping eggplantsthat & Key West System
life., The microbes that, help plants, has beep a national committee on legisla- netted him $Ioa barrel and cukes
of the of
to that nitrogen thus become! part off tion various, composed State Alliances. This presidents committeewas (for the past three weeks) which are AND
the beneficent system by which the abolished and provision was made bringing $3 a crate. How is this for,
-. earth is enabled to give its nourishment .. for the selectidn of a committee of five a fall truck garden?-Gainesville Sun.
to man. to act as an advisory board to the presi- The Ocala correspondent of the EAST COAST LINES.Extending .
r dent. The reason for this change is that
'" The lesson, in the above briefed article the presidents of the State Alliances are Times Union says that Fred. Lucius, Southeast, South and
of Prof. Atwater (which covers not lawyers and are not selected with of Belleview, carried a flock of half
more than four times the space herein reference to their legal acquirements or wild turkeys into Ocala a few days ago Southwest from Jacksonville, cover
.given)to the;Florida agriculturist and knowledge of legislative demands and and sold them for i5c. a pound live over one thousand miles of tropical
hence in nine out of ten they
horticulturist his The father of flock hada
to gather nitrogenfrom incompetent to meet the requirementsof weight .the and reach all'promiJ'ent
the atmosphere by stocking his the position. beard foot long and spurs two inches country, :

land, with leguminous plants, which This is unfortunate, and this precedent long. Fred. caught them in the ham- winter and summer pleasure resortsof
make valuable fodder, and solve the will often,be. quoted against the mock west of town. Florida:
question of transportation, so far as Alliance. It will'be asked, if farmerscan We understand that the fish in New-
freights on hay and fertilizer in the not act as advisors on legislationhow i nan's, lake are getting very scarce. THE EAST COAST,
elements of plant food are concerned. can they expect to be ekcted, to This, with the report from Cedar Key THE GREAT LAKE REGION,
The'conclusions drawn in regard to Congress? that the fish and oysters of that placeare THE PHOSPHATE FIELDS,
the food supply that will come from not so plentiful as last year, makesus
iiigation and energy in intelligent think it will not be long before ,
; cultivation and fertilizing, the resultof DON'T DELAY TO poor folks will have to do without the- THE ORANGE GROVESAND

a greater demand, when thirty bush. luxury of eating the finny tribe.-- .
els of wheat to the acre, instead of Stop that cough! Else the bronchial Gainesville Sun. THE FRUIT AND VEGETABLE

twelve as at present,are obtained, relegate tube will be enlarged and the delicate I visited, this summer, most of the SECTIONS.
the Malthusian doctrine the tissues of the lungs exposed to Injury
to, so northern cities, saw and talked to
No other medicine is
: so speedily operative
far distant future, that it now gives very in throat and lung troubles aa hundreds of commission men in 'the r .,
little concern to the present inhabitantsof Ayers Cherry Pectoral. A few doses various cities and from what I saw and .
earth, nor for a great many genera have been known to break up an ob- what they all told me I am satisfiedall :
.' tionS'in the future. stinate and distressing cough. Sufferers:: the best houses had much rather .
Other, experiments have taught that from asthma, bronchitis, croup, consumption buy all the fruit they handle direct

organic manures in soils planted with cough find, a sore euro throat relief,in and the use whooping of this from the growers of Florida than to The Tropical Trank. Lino. .
leguminou plants, greatly increase; the it the
preparation. It the !Inflamed get on consignment, provided
bacteria i ft their roots and thus.largely m em- Trysoothes, promotes growers of the State would not consigna
increase,the,collection, of nitrogen from expecto- and i Induces box. Right here I must say, I do not These lines are equipped with the
the atmosphere and to the soil, where repose. Don't be with- blame for whilewe
any parties not buying latest improved modern appliances for.
it becomes available for other plants out it in the house. Sallie E. Stone, ,
Hurt's store,Va.,writes "I have found, continue to consign, for no man
: the safety and comfort of passengers.
and frees. With cost of fertilizers reduced ; .p
can afford to sell in
in my family,that Ayer's Cherry Pecto- bought goods com-
, one-half, and transportation the ral was always a certain cure for colds petition with,consigned goods. Here, Our patrons call them the
', same 'which.will come with increased and "
coughs. I hope the grower will stick a peg.
;k demand, Florida will become one of "Five years ago I had a constant I Study his own interest, also his neighbor's. FINEST IN FLORIDA.
the most delightful and cough, night sweats, was greatly reduced
prosperous I
hope our next legislature will
leave Jacksonville via T.
:: habitations on the globe. in flesh,and had been given up by do like Alabama did about J.,

.4.:;,' Fla.GEORGE. HASTINGS.tilicrlachen my Cherry physicians.Pectoral I and began was to take completely Ayer'a that is, not let a box of drops go oysters out of, & K. W., 8.50 a. m.,. daily except

'. cured."-Anga A.Lewis,Ricard,N.Y. the State, nor gather till the fruit is Sunday; 12.15 p. m., daily ; 4.00 p.
.. ripe.-A. S. in Leesburg Commercial.
If..you feel weak Ajer'sCherryPectoralPrrparedby m., daily except Sunday. Arrive 6.30a. .

... and' all worn out* take Dr.J.C.Arer&Co.I.oweltuare. ASTHMA DUo TAFTS ABTHMALEWB m.' 12 55'p.. m., 6.10 p. m. .
-piBcn'> rcr&ik"en<*u your
.t BROWN'S IRON BITTERS Bold by all DniffffUU. Price $1; tlx bottle*,$3. l .-HECa.TAFTIBOS.M.CO.ROCHtSTERIU.rMress.we will mail trial UUrlCUBOTTI.!FRE E Trains leave Jacksonville, via East

Y" ___.
}! ."'''_'' 1o1. r' ----- -. -. --
? y: ; J CeClJt1f 4' / CIC/'IfeCI' .r6''l' ICIP /I. CA.oG11Ir/S' +cyA.lvs !: Coast Lines, 8.00 a. m., daily; 4.00p.

r\ m., Sunday only; i.oo p. m., daily

t 1EYbUTSS co11PkMoN 1 except Sunday. Arrive 11.50 a.,rm,

5.40 p. m.INDIAN.

:i I The Full Prospectus of Notable Features for 1892 and Specimen Copies will be sent Free. .!RIVER STEAMERS. .

,: I, Brilliant Contributors. Leave Titusville 6.00 a. m. daily

J ",: Articles have been written expressly for the coming volume by a host of eminent men and'women.., among whom are except Sunday for Rockledge) Eau
The Right Hon. W. E.Gladstone. Count Ferdinand de Lesseps. Andrew Gallie Melbourne and
Carnegie. Cyrus W. Field. way landings.
y II The Marquis of Lome. -Justin, McCarthy, 1\1.\ P. Sir Lyon Piayfair. Frank R. Stockton.
Cl ws. Vaslll Ver Leave Titusville 7.00 p. m. Monr.days .
Henry stchagln. W. Clark Russell. The Earl of Meath.\ -Dr. Lyman Abbott;
Camilla Urso-Mrs. Henry M.\ Stanley, and One Hundred Others. Wednesdays and Fridays, for

I .. The Volume for 1892 will ContainNine Jupiter and way landings i Connect'

Illustrated Serial Stories. 100 'Stories of Adventure. The Best Short Stories." ing at Jupiter with trains of J. & L.
Articles of Practical*
Advice. Sketches of Travel.
Hints on Self-Education.
Glimpses of Royalty. Popular Science Articles. Household Articles. W. Railway for all points on Lake

Railway Ufe and Adventure. Charming Children's Page. Natural History Papers. Worth.

700 Large Pages. Five Double Holiday Numbers. Illustrated Weekly Supplements. Nearly xooo Illustrations. For schedules, maps, etc., call, pn,', -
FREE TO JAN. I 11892. local agents, or address the General',

Yard d To New 8abserlberfl who will cot out and rend ,* ', '
u. this HP with 'Tb8 Passenger Agent. ;
11 and address and 81.75 we will'" send The Companion Free to Jnn.t IS 1 Sl8 Ip b
and for a Full Year from that Date. This offer Includes the R. B. CABLE W. r.. CRA Wf9RD.
GIVING.c .,CHRISTMAS and NEW YEA TO Doable| 1I01lda "artSSl 11 General Manager, supt. East Coast Une ..
will also send $
5 copy ofa beautiful ,
of f Roses UOBE.*." Its prodbctiofi bas cost! TWENTY pnlnilntr THOUSAND entitled "A DOLLARS.YARD OF d $1 75 J.,.'.tti E.W.System.. St.Augustine;,pta9' ,'
? Send Chect, I\xt_ THE YOUTH'S I.
Boston, Mass. ":
.--&'' General ratsen&er Agent, : '

... ;J.- .: .. ... '. 11 # .. : acl4eonyf Ie,:v i::r :J .,
; .
(" '' i1.; : :

: .' .: '. '.'r" ,Wfl' .. '<::- ':::


.. o "
--' '



.' ,



W. J. May and,Cassava his.son Charles have "CENT-A-WORD" COLUMN. Tardiff Orange and Leonardy Grape Frail .

been paying a good deal of attentionto To insure insertion in this column, advertisements
the of their must be accompanied by the money. LAST spring buds on stocks from % to 2 inches in diameter. As'thrifty, healthy
growing cassava, ,at Advertisements must not exceed fifty words. well-rooted trees as can probably be found in the St ft!. The Leonardy '

"Bay State" grove, two miles east of Postage Stamps received in payment. Grape Fruit, though a hybrid grape fruit and sweet orange, is practically a typical ..,.
the city, and have made a success of Count every word,including name and address. grape fruit of superior quality Also Mango and Avacado pear trees.

it. This year they have three acres U-U-3m CYKUS 1\". BUTLER, St. Petersburg, Fla.

planted in the product. The uses to 'TOR LECONTE.t,2,3 and.-YEAR-OLD,KEIF-
which it may be put are legion. It is, 1"' _PER AND GARBER'S HYBRID PEAR GREAT OFFER J-ACTO&T. UPRIGHT PIANOS. .
first; a splendid article of food for TICELLO, FLA. ? II-26-tr and FINEST FACTORY '

men, and, when properly prepared, a Organs, IN UNITED STATES. .
welcome substitute for Irish Persimmon,choice kind, Loquat, Satsu- $35.OatrUlla. Always ready for QUICK SHIPMENTS of Finest '
potatoes.Mr. JAPAN trees very cheap. Write for terms: Pianos and Organs Direct: to Your Homes.
May promises us some recipes for P..TRUEBLOOD,Archer, Fla. .z t266tWANTEDA -
A yoDit. From REV.JAS. M. POT1'S.D.D..editor of Michigan : .
preparing it household use, whichwe reliable party. to Florida JlI fu Christian Advocate Detrpit.Mich.: : "To say that

will publish gladly.; For stock 'it the growers. Address buy P.J., AddnM we the are fact.delighted We are jubilant.with the Piano If all does not express. ,
is and horses and mules care Editor FLORIDA DISPATCH. II-26.2tWILL Pianos a Organs. ping .
unequalled, Bw T Swoeer & Son are as fine in appearance and as in tone
BEAVER FALLS PA this one, your patrons will rise by the hundred."
grow so fond ,of it that they will accept exchange stuffed birds animals for
From PROF. E. H. PECK, Valhennoso Springs; .Ala.: "We could sot be pleased better with
Flora of the Southern
it in preference to all else that : States, ,
thejcasidg or tone;quick: in response and melodious. In short wt are highly pleased with the organ.
latest edition. 0. G. SOUTER, Astatula, Fla. it
may be offered them. Mr. May finds From B. D.GRIGGS Adairsville, Ga.: ','1 am well pleased with the organ in every respect. It is
all you claim it to be." _
it most profitableTor this last purpose. WANTED-To correspond with parties with Prom Y. M. C. A., per T. G. COOL1$ Hillsboro, N. C.: 'The organ gives entire satisfaction.
On he will 800 bush- .YV means to engage in the growth and manufacture Every one who has seen it is very much pleased with the instrument aid the price on the same."
an acre: produce of tobacco. Cleared land and buildings From BHN. F. STEELS, Preseot, Ark.: family. well pleased in every respect. with the
els of cassava root, while at the lowest suitable growing, curing aid manufacturing rgan. How you sell them so cheap is a wonder. '
it desired. GEO. C, RIXPORD, Rixford Fla.
estimate it is, for feeding purposes 11-I9-3t

worth more than 100 bushels of corn.
orange trees, finely grown newest The DaCOSTA PRINTING HOUSE
This tuber is also ,very rich in. starch, BUDDED varieties, 30 to 40 cents. Call

and while scientific men say that it or address G.ROWE,Okahumka. ,Lake Co.U.I9"6t,Fla. ,

does not produce quite as good a

quality as potatoes or 'corn, yet in 'FOR SALE-Fertilizer distributors, six dollars JACKSONVILLE, FLA.,
Lawtey, li-19.2t. "
quantity of starch manyfold comparedwith ..

these. The Messrs. May are WRITE to W. G.Tilghman regarding his, Palatka book on, Fla.nature'slaw for Was destroyed in-the great fire August 17th, but I wish to say to my friends and

making a success of all their undertakings that controls the sex. It is of great value to that all orders for
in Florida and the results of stock breeders, for with it you can have either patrons .
I male or female at will. No humbug, because it
their experience can be of much can be had to be paid for when you are satisfied
profit to any who, are ready to profit, as to its merits. 11-19-101 I :]JE: =l.JrZJSr: anal :BIND: : =Nt..

thereby.-Lake Region. FOR SALE-Orange and lemon trees on sweet
---'e.- native sour stock. Seedling grape fruit trees, Will receive the usual promptness and attention. \
Florida lemons. LAKE REGION NURSERYCo.
The orange and lemon nursery ., Auburndale,Polk Co., Fla. ii-tg-4t
stock business is one of the most

promising investments a man can go FOREIGN GRAPEVINES varieties, selected bent.ea..aest by years'and NEW TYPE NEW PRESSES MACH1HERY

into. There is now and will be for a experience in Florida. Chacselas Luttichau, Madeleine ,, x
Blue and other Send for circular. II.
long time in the future a great demand VON LUTTICHAU, Earleton, Fla. n>i2-3m 6

for such stock.bits. Of the most approved patterns, will be put in the new office throughout. To ac-
T ECONTE and Kieffer pear trees. If you are
Li buying either, don't forget that' the Florida commodate my personal needs I'have bought out
Nursery is at the same old place. Address T. M.
PULESTOX, Proprietor Florida Nursery,. Monti

Pills cello, Fla. n-S-4t The Times-Union Job Printing Office and Book Bindery .

s VAX JAPAN PERSIMMON}-5,000 Hachaiya.1Y .
Hyakume. Yemon and Zingl trees, 3 to 6 > *>
feet high. Also 3,000 of fine variety not ,yet And will conduct my business at this stand until December 1st, when I will move
named by the Department of Agriculture. Local
FOR TORPID LIVER. names: Sanford's Imperial,Tnumpb,etc. Trees into the New Building'specially erected for my accommodation.
2 to 3 feet. All for sale cheap. J. R. MclRViif,

A torpid liver deranges the nholosys* Gainesville, Fla. II 5-101 .

tarn. sad produces JAPAN Persimmon trees. Choice varieties. Ten REMEMBER DACOSTA IS STILL ON DECK.
Sick Headache per hundred. Address T. B. &C. E. ,
PEARSON Archer, Fla.' "-5tREPAIR

Dyspepsia, Costiveness, Rheumatism Send us your orders. Large contracts specially estimated on.CHAS. .
I your old family Bibles; make them as
Sallow Skin and Piles. as new. DaCosta Printing; and Publishing r
House,Jacksonville, Fla.
here Is no better 'remedy for tttt W. DaCOSTA, Proprietor,
common diseases than Tutfs Lives partner in a vineyard of eleven;
Tills,as a trial 111 prove. Price,83c. 'WANTED county, Fla. Offer for salea NOVEMBER 11, 1891.
Sold Everywhere valuable farm,orchard and vineyard near Rich:
mond, Va. C. R. CULLEX Lake City, Fla.
CAPONS.Every .all Mronlc" dl.....
Everbearing-Strawberry plants. The |BUYNOWSPECIAL ,1>.D.. L tie*,N.Y.,writ*.:"On*
farmer and ponltryman should OREGON variety known: a good' ship t'"IIE( 'bo"...U,nllYI kind In mntorn day.."
eaponixe his cockerels whether for per and all-purpose berry. Send fpr price list, 'r. tbm the lUUBjttou.. Ual/Uw
,market or home use. Ton can add 1.00 etc. W. D. LINDLEY, Plant City, Fla. 10-29-41 T tmilmnnUI. .. '.
in value,to every cockerel Instruments you csponlze.Dow's I. I [SUMMER SALE5OO : to.; ire EBDJIOUIT, 1'

Caponizing : rr n n Cash with order.-Mote's Hiatt Automatic
Are Simple Plain and Cheap.. $X Single Orange Sizer will size anstraUd .
Full set,'with Instructions, sent anywhere 250 boxes per day. Hundreds now in use. Send t OSfiOOD"
for $!l.:50 (postpaId). Address for testimonial sheet: order early. This is ac f R '
DEO.Q.DOW& CO.,North Epping,N.H knowledged by all to be the best and cheapest PIKE ORGANS at Way 7 U.&Standard '
0......"ftp.M M4Ca)Mlii.r."1.detksee...paper, ISf user in existence. E. II. MOTE'S SIZER Co., Dow..Prices-tocleae.
r Leesburg, Fla. io-23-iot Easy Hmn3 to|S monthly II SCALESOS6000

, r y A R g to'50 per cent saved by shipping oranges ORG ) -or 810 No Cash Interest..,balance inIWt TON $-f3. .: Tr.ightpal AnIoDt:.
70 in' Coulters' fruit car. R. D. GREAT BARGAINS a t .a_ "'
O.COULTER, Orange City, Fla. 10-15-71 !dust be sold. Cant bold. & flJOUPSO. aia11itaa. N.Y.
8 Write for Bargain. tibeet.'d .
p a? : ROSES make beautiful ever- LUDDEN BATES
saza MACARTNEY proofhedges.Plants and cuttings ,
C "'V aL Fairbanks,Fla. io-S-i8t SAVANNAH.GA. W ELLsvts'0|| | .

1 .I HIATT Best sizer in existence; will size 400 A 1IiI FAVORITE SINGER. S.CIMALST..CHICAGO.ILL. i 11..._... H....
boxes per day. Brights on one side. Russets on WG' -" NEW HIGH ARM.G ELM STRKBT.DALLAS.TEXAS f -
W 4csr the other. Price reduced to 125.cash with order. Style as shown in cut;with tu1JetattAchmentslellettlngn.
0 ydAi E. H. MOTE.AUTOMATIC' SIZER Co., Leesburg, B ..-
.>, Q Fla. Send for Catalogue and testimonial sheet. dIe ana self-threading shuttle.YoacangetmnrocachlnesonT. 600 ACRES. 13 GREENHOUSES.

,{ H lo-S-io manufacturers. Fare CanraJsers TBEESSl PUNTS
# 'Commissions of$25. Benton .
TILGHMAN Falatka, Fla., will send
.c I \WG. a package of medicine for 35 cents,by trial. Warranted 5 yean.EOttUATlYE I W. offer. for the Fall trade a large and fine stock
...,, deteriDdoa of FRUIT aDd Ornamental
SEWIH sUSHK ft.a "
mail,that will sick cattle. Give it .
; cure your a TKKK**. "'tiru.- U..e.. Ylneis, r4JIALI.
U) trial and be convinced.: 9"314tPA"TENTS *- Ws pay Freight.' PbQadelpbJte.T VICU1T. Iled.*+ Plant. Fruit Tree $ edflap -
u aDd F.re.tTree hleedlias.. Priced Cat&<
fall 01 UJt1. melted f.... LIebK.Ad 1811.
THOJUAS p.SIMPSON, need stationery of kind- *
Washington. you any paper I a
'" I D.C. No atty's fee until Patent ob- DO pens and ink? If so, send to DaCosta Frist- PHOENIX NURSERY COMPANY
'.. .......... _
; SG I talald. Wrfsforl.v.at.e'sOuidea lag and Publishing,Hou e,Jacksonville: Fla. ""Dill TC1TIX t-o..lLOOaaJ"t'J,11.I.


t+; .
}' ..
%'- .,-
-1 : .



3 ." c, '" <

: ;.
r : ,
ro. .. .' ',. .. .
:;.. :-"; .
to' ..-; '... .


... .
". -
: ,
IMW JAPANESE Walnuts hardy orange Un.
: : GROW ,Japan
[ Ilia. Also ornamental stock;rare bulbs,seeds,,
oJIf.( etc. Olive fig trees grapevines. Goods sent ,
: tRM" raentRt uuANCt safely by Freight Express or mail. CHIT
[ I'T : IIIIof Send for our new, finely illustrated catalogue!

f.. Address.
r H. H. BERGER & CO.,

,, ; CHAS. W. DACOSTA, Publisher.V San Francisco, Cal.
Established 1878.WANTED.

." Terms_ of Subscription: FARMERSTo

For oae year.............:.:.......*........|2 00 :
........ 100 send for and use our "RIVAI HOG CHOI-.
For .lx month .....n....._ *. of
ERA CURE, guaranteed to cure 99 cases out a
49*Subscription In all cases cash in ad hundred,and we will pay$100 in cash for any
case that cannot be cured by our remedy if direr
: vance. tions are followed.We .

Bates of Advertising application have been years experimenting for a successful Florida Central and Peninsular
REMITTANCE should be made by Check, remedy for this dreadful disease which
home-made bacon. We 0
deprives us our good I I
Postal Note,Money Order,or Registered Letter found out and have thoroughly tested our remedy RAILROAD,
,to order of and it is highly recommended by the Departmentof
ATCn'AiD FARMER Agriculture pertaining to that branch. Hog THE FLORIDA TRUNK LINE
11n MILE
Cholera is the same as a dangerous and conta
AND'FRUJT GROWER, gious fever with man,and must be treated ac CINCINNATI I( l ortet and (Formerly the F.R.&N. Co.)offers increased
Jacksonville,Fla. cordingly. Our remedy: will prevent it even if | Quickest. facilities this season for travel to Florida,
they are with rothers that have it, and it will having in addition to its old and popular
positively cure the worst cases. We can refer you Compartment and Pullman Palace Sleeping Cars connections the LOUISVILLE A NASH
[NEW SUBSCRIBERS ONLY.] to men in nearly every State who have made throughwithout changemakingdirect connection VILLE R. R at the River Junction FLORIDA!and the
A the
successful: cures only with our remedy. GEORGIA SOUTHERN (
Price, prepaid by express or mail,$i per pack In CENTRAL UNION Suwannee River route to Florida),arrangedfor
age,which contains enough to cure 25 hogs, or : )I ST. LOUIS f a new route from the West and North
I. prevent SO taking it. We allow liberal discountto DEPOT for west via Montgomery,Bainbridge and Monti-
BIC fanners selling it in their county. Address cello, carrying through sleepers from CINCINNATI
PEOPLE'S INDUSTRIAL CO.. and the WEST and with Through Car lines for TO TAMPA.
Brunswick, Ga.1aDon't The road has now no less than

send stamps. Jo-2 r4t I I CHICAGO | andthe Seven Points of Connection With.
SALE-One second band WashingtonHand the North
PremiuillOffer Press for sale cheap at this office. also with Through Car ,
Write for particulars. I DETROIT t namely, Fernandina,CaUahanlJacklonvllle,
lines for Live Oak,Lake City,
and Points In Canada Junction, making comfortable connectionswith
.x,.' CONSUMPTION. I BUFFALO I Chicago Kansas City and all northern
and the tASTe cities, for which this road is specially in
I hays a positift remedy for the above disease;b7 its augurated.
THE and of lone only one Change of Cars to
tue thousands of CUd of the wont The Florida Central
Uadinc hare been cured. Indeed so strong Is my faith
lb'LOBIDA.biSp In Its effleacr that I will send TWO BOTTLM TBrxwito Meridian, | NEW ORLEANS |I and Peninsular Railroad
YALUABLETBEATIYE on this disease to any sta
their EXPWM sad P.O.addRa. Is the greatest artery of travel through the

ich, Farmer and Fruit-Grower tear"'. A.who Slocum will send,torn M. C., 181 reorl St., N. Y.ONLYI. JACKSON, VICKSBURG, Points in four finest counties parts of-Florida Gadsden, traversing Jefferson, twenty-Duval,

and the Alachua, Lake, Leon, Suwannee, Nassau,
[ TEXAS WEST. Levy Orange, Hlllsborough. Waknlla,
For one year and copy ofhitner's OR MEN Columbia, Clay, Marion, Yolk, Manatee,
Passengers via this line are afforded an excel Madison Baker, Bradford, Sumter, H er-
in Florida or LOST or F AILING MANHOOD; lent view of Lookout Mountain and surrounding nando and DeSoto-.In tbelr richest portion.It .
/ Gardening I eneral sad NERVOUS DEBILITY; runs through the MIDDLE F1.oiIDARa-
., Teakaess Body and Kind, Effects historic scenery. oiON or HILL COUHTBY where are the fine old

.i Lllm 13norsorEueuesinOtldorYo.. S. C. RAy S. E. Pass Agt., Atlanta, Ga.
I. I.JUK* l Farming Lands and the New Tobacco
a "; ,ALL FOB $ .OO WhK CIDITRWPaweasasaaPADTSOYBenrD: .
; ..., ..falti Boas TJIUT-BeMln t. aq.. D.J. )MULLANBY Div. Pass. Agt.. Chattanooga. Farms
' ....'1......60 tMu4r.,..,.C..BtrlM. WriMtlwa.kf .
.S J1! ---- .. .. mlMittM ad K.*.*m Uti(M U4). )rM.MEDICAL D. G. EDWARDS, C. P. &T. A., Breached by no other line) some of them

Whitncr's Gardening in Florida is a Wells AIL 00., BUFFALO,N.Y. CINCINNATI. O.ALLIAINCE -- conducted on a large rcale. here are Quincy,
Tallahassee (the capital), Montlcello Madison -
book of
r : handsomely printed and bound and other towns,from whose comfortable,
; DEAFNESS ample dwellings, reposing in a fertile
being a comprehensive
.; 350 pages, ,
country Is coming a renewed energy to employ
.$t onlhe vegetable and tropical products of ine resources lavished about them.
ITS CAUSES AND CURE Htretchlng: down through
r: $,:: Florida, by. Prof. J. N. Whitner, A. M. ,
The Peach
Country .
: This book is much sought after for its Scientifically treated by an aurlst of world-
wide reputation. Deafness eradicated and of Baker Bradford,Alachua and Levy counties
.practical information. entirely cured,of from 20 to 33 years'stand ng, through the prosperous
after all other treatments have failed. How
$2.00 buys the book and ourpaper the difficulty Is reached and the can'e removed Strawberry Farms

for one ,fully explained In circulars with affidavits of La wtey,starke and Waldoperhaplluperlor
year. and testimonials of cures from promi In profit to the orange grove-It goes through
"' This is certainly a grand offer. Send Dent people,mailed free the heart of the State penetrating some ol
? Dr. A.FONTAINE East llth St., N. Y. the finest groves,one having
in'orders at once.
y 7OOOO Full-bearing Orange

Jacksonville, .
passing for nearly a mile between them-
I .. making its way southward to the Gulf,and to
: tfOTIOE OP-INSOLVENCY.: the more tropical portions of the. State. la
.. all portions of the. State it reaches points.. of
... How Lost! How Regained, 'Scenic Interest.

DUVAL COUNTY, FLORIDA.) b2i Waknlla Springs in the West, the Snwannee
River, as beautiful and romantic as it li
WHEREAS, Chas. W. DaCosta, administrator +5.wi famous,(Silver Hprlnzs. in the lake region
of Geo. C. Goodrich, deceased, oF
IFE and the lakes themselves, with their surroundings
late of the county aforesaid, having filed in the of rolling land interspersed wits
office of the County Judge of said county a writ CUJLT1VAT01I. Peasant homes In green groves,sloping dow
ten suggestion of the insolvency! of said estate For field,garden and grove. "The best cultivator to the clear lake fronts By means of thb
notice is hereby given to all persons having claimsof I ever saw," is the verdict of all who use it. road you can most readily reach the .
any nature whatever against said estate to file Works either level or on a bed perfectly adjustable .
the same, duly authenticated, in the office of HTHKELE ;cleanest cutting;lightest draught. Hunting and Fishing Grounds.The .
of said county on or before the 8th
County Judge warranted. Price Jio
cultivator fully
Every settler will find on the line of this roada
time there will
of A. D., 1892 at-which
THE SCIENCE OF LIFEA greater opportunity for a varied selection o.
be rata to creditors entitled thereto -
a and pro: the administrator payment discharged. Scientific and Standard Popular Medical Treatise I Waldo, Fla. land than on any other road in the Stste-.
tht Errors tune.Nenrozu -- -- -- -. from lightest soils to those underlaid wit
Witness my .name as County Judge of Mid on oToathtPrematortD -- -
county, this jSth day of September A. D., 1891. and Physical Debility,Imparities oUhe Blood. clay and marl and of richest hammock-
W.B.OWHN. whether for regular mixed farming stock 01
10.lm County Judge.. EXHAUSTEDYlTAtlTYUNTOLD POULTRY" dairy orange farming groves and peach vegetable or strawberry gardens.The .cultutw,

tourist will be gratified with Its
scenery. The health-aeeker on Its ample
WHAT MISERIESReuniting ::4lJ route can find some spot adapted to bis
; : wants. Ou the hard clay roads of Middle
THE : OVEREDV1THV Florida the horseman will ride with speed
J \ from Folly,Vice,Ignorance,Excesses or and satisfaction, and the Florida Central
-Orertaxatlon, Enervating and unfitting the victim and Peninsular is theSportsman's
TTER. TUMP for Work,Business,the Married Social Relation. Trade Mark.
Avoid nnakillful pretenders. Fosse this great nOLLIB' CANNED MEAT FOR POULTRY Route.

WEILjT Will. LY TAME YUU work. It contains BOO pa,,es,royal 8vo. Beaatlfol Will Make Hens Lay! Nor**-Passengers from Northern ooanec
binding,embossed,fall gilt. Price only $1.00 by lions having tickets over the Florida Centra
TO PULL AW tWIUTGRUB WIP. mail,postpaid,concealed in plain wrapper. Jllnstratlre Will Make Chickens Grow! and Peninsular to points In South Florid
.. Prospectus Free,if you apply pow. The AWD GOOD FOR MOULTIICO FOWLS. have the privilege of being taken into Jack
author\Vm. {. D.
'distinguished Parker ) received
A AND This food Is strictly fresh meat,carefully son vllle over the Company line and allowed
I 5
1N r s from the National Medical Association for cooked, ground fine,seasoned and hermetically stop-over going limits of thtticket
0T TWO ACRESATASTTTING. ,with return to their route for destlna
this PRIZE ERSAY on NERVOUS tad sealed In 8-Ib cans Being ground fine,It Ion free of extra charge. Bend for map of

PHYSICAL ssUtant DEBILITY.Dr.Parkerandacorpsof be'consaltedeonfldentiallJ can be readily mixed with soft food,and fed Florida, mailed free
Physicians may
J HAWKEYE FtUyvwxxnu ENE by mail or In at the office of so as to give each fowl an"equal shares Prig A. O. JUcDONELL,G.P. A..

eaFf c Rsrr fr THE PEABODY MEDICAL INSTITUTE 80 oil per can; i3 per dos. Address HOLLIBDRB68ED J& kao Tm., lira
CxrALOcuf.dt4Mg No.4 Bttlflnch Sti,Boston,
srND hosTfu.l
MEAT A WOOL 00., 9) North N. S. PENNINQTON.Traffic
orders for books or letters for advice should be '
MINE r r ii. ( 1 IO 1 directed M-bore. Boston,lUte (fMsation'paper..' D.E.MAXWELL. ,General Manage i

N, ..

,.'a, .

.. ',".. 'J.c "..._'. r-


'. C .
M 4 n ;rr: .'

..' .


: ... .-

" .
i a ,.
'I -. .
j ..' .

: :"f',"T:'-V EB26,1891l.THE'. .-FLORIDA--. -DISPATCH- .,- ., FABMEB- AND FBUIT-GROWEB.. .ab 6 ",-. '+ y


! ;lr.:, THE TRO IOALSUN' Established 1856. 200, Acres in, Fruit Nursery, .



The.- '. Famous' Pineapple. Section. of the East Coast .The, only publication. in the ." .
A.pst&. ,Georgia ,
4 ',' .renowned" resort regions of Indian River, Lake Worth and. Bis .

We offer Fall 1 and stock of Fruit and Ornamental
for winter delivery an Immense tree,
cayne Bay., between Cocoa and. Key West.' hoses, Palms,etc.. salted to Florida. All the new Peaches lately originated In Florida. .
Also a superb stock of ,Greenhouse plants,tee
Our products' have been tested Florida for thirty-three yean past. Catal ofues free. ;
Full of reliable information of this celebrated Section.
regarding- the Fruit Industry ,
.. No. Aeronts. Address,


....., 'J-" ,Augusta GA..
? -
GUY I. METCALF. ,Editor and Publisher,. ,,4 Thorough, Practical Instruction.
Graduates 'assisted to positions.IliUft .
s Juno (on take Worth), Dade Co., Fla. ,,' t nLLWI IflUI '* to .

Advertising rates furnished l on Application. 18-U-3m mmmm ,
., .


As Florida oranges are now a staple fruit in the English markets, to obtain profitable prices, in the future it will only be necessary to export good quality and '
land oranges in good condition in the foreign markets. ',
Messrs. Smith & Crouch, one of the largest; best and most reliable fruit firms in England, say of the Liverpool market, that the demand is now BO large that 5,000,
boxes, weekly, could be handled up to January 1st, with satisfactory results if the fruit is sound on arrival.As .
one of the largest exporters of apples in New York and as large importer of fruit from England, my knowledge of the carrying ability of steamers enable
me to select the best to ship by. '

Representing the best firms in Liverpool and Glasgow, and having my own house in London, are also further reasons why shippers should send through me.
In order to export oranges, shippers can consign their fruit to me to New York. If on examination it is in condition to forward:will have the same placed on the
best and fastest steamer,and send a Bill of Lading as evidence of shipment to shipper. If not sound enough to export, I will either turn the lot over to any New York
firm the owner may designate, or sell it myself at,auction. .
The beet steamers land their cargoes in Liverpool? so that a cable report of sales is received in New,York in twelve days after sailing. A check covering about the
amount of the proceeds is then sent on account to the shipper, by me. In twenty days from date of shipment from Florida it is thus possible to have the proceeds In
the bands of the shippers. "

Please note the following facts: 4
Large sizes of oranges, 112's-126's, bring as much as 1508 and 176's. No matter if oranges are shipped green and are sour, the earliest possible shipments pay
Dead Green Spanish Oranges always bring,the highest prices, being the only kind in the market. Oranges must not be shipped from New. York later than December,
1st. There is no demand after the holidays until :March 1st. !
Advances of 75c. per box on your fruit will be made to such shippers as need money, and such are authorized to draw on me with Bills of Lading attached:
Further particulars and stencils will be furnished by I

E. L. GOODSELL, No. 103 Park Place, '
No. 15 Philpot Lane, London, Eng: *

... woo

: \ .


'To Orange Growers and Farmers : '

The Belleview Phosphate the cheapest fertilizer ever offered, because it is the best. It contains at least three times more available plant food than oan be
found in any commercial acidulated fertilizer, and is sold for one-fourth the price. ;
We have the most,complete plant! in the State for calcining and pulverizing the phosphate.It ,
is the best because while its benefits, are shown at once, it will outlast all others, and there is no possible danger in its use. It being a great absorbent of ;
moisture, it is of great value as a mulchant. It is worth double the price it is sold at for this purpose alone. Hundreds have used it, and they all give glowing tortl* .'1
raonials of its value. Chemists and Scientists testify that it is the'richest and safest fertilizer known. : I
We want every orange grower and farmer try it, and for the next few weeks offer it at the following extremely prices, at the mines.: '
Per ton, undried in bulk, $5 ; per ton dried and unground.! $6.50 ; per ton dried and pulverized! bulk, $7.50,; sacked, $1 extra. Special prices! in round lots.
Fifty pounds for a full bearing tree is a sufficient quantity to use, and less amounts according to size of tree. 'I ;
It is good for cotton. It is good for all kinds of grain. It is good for all grasses. It is good for all kinds of fruit trees. It is good for strawberries' and all kindsof .

vegetables. ,
Send. all orders, and apply for any further information as to freights, etc., to T. D. GIBBENS, .w_ .
Secretary and Treasurer. '-'
The! analysis of this.soft phosphate, as giveh by Serge Malyvan, of Ocala, is as follows,: : '*t S-r. .
} :
.*' f, *' "' ..'.,.. Insoluble Silicate and Sand...'...................................:...."..............;.....:.18.,6J
,' '- Carbonate ofUme...................................................................;..... 4.56 ,
Phosphoric Add............... .............?................... ........((27.63)) *
Equivalent! to Bone Phosphate of Lime.................................... ...............60.73
Oxide of Iron................. ............................................................ 74
Oxide of Aluminum........................................................................ 2-7
Magnesia,Soda,etc........................................................................ 6.59 .
Moisture..................,..........:..................................................... 6-55
< He also sways: "Your phosphate .(referring to*the Belleview Soft Phosphate)will be soluble by gradual steep under the influence of rain water, provided perfectly
: burnt and pulverized in fine powder."
The same eminent chemist gives a further analysis of the solubility of this phosphate in.Citrate of Ammonia, which is about the same strength as rain water,
as follows: I '
"Two Analysis-one giving 48 per cent soluble in Citrate of Ammonia, the other giving 51.40 per cent soluble in Citrate of Ammonia, an average of 49.70 percent
of Bone Phosphate of Lime, the equivalent of 22.66 per cent. of Phosphoric Acid soluble in Citrate of Ammonia."
The greatest amount of available Phosphoric Acid in any of the high grade commercial fertilizers is 6 to 9 per cent.
__ ____
h J ACKSONVUXK,FLA.,June ZJUI,109!. jCZnu,"y'1LLz,.r'LA.J1IJ1C U,1891.Mi. .
benefit,and for Orange Farmers in Flonda;that the car load of Soft Phosphate which I had from .
find order for two of Soft I have used
your Company in April is entirely satisfactory Sir-Enclosed please wy more cars Phosphate.
I placed the same on one hundred trees in my grove at Lake Como It has given my trees a seventy-five tons of this Jhosphate. and have noted with much interest its effect on my
most wonderful growth,given the foliage rich,dark green color,aDd fof pine land groves at least, Orange Trees. The first car load I applied to something over five hundred trees and
what Is required at small cost. it if have it for and shall discontinue
Ia just I shall in future use you sale -
the results have been simply marvelous. The adjoining five hundred trees received no fertilizingand ,
use or Commercial Fertilizers adding to it small amounts of Sulphate Potash. I can most
cheerfully.recommend it to Orange Growers. Truly yours, C. B. SMITH.BELLEVJBW the difference between the two fields is something wonderful. On one side every tree has started .
,MAKIOX' Co.,FLA., 8. 1891. with vigorous growth. The finest rolia .that I have ever seen in a grove. The trees which received -
T. D. GIBBBXS. Secretary Belleview,Phosphate Company.-Jacksonville, Fla.: Tune Slr-In annrer no application! have just commenced to start up. Mr. McMasters.of the firm McMasten ft
to your Isgu iry. What have been the results of your experiments with the Belleview Phosphate Miller of San Mateo visited my grove a few days since and expressed himself aj being very much
Company'SOFT PHOSPHATE? I am happy to say that the results have been very gratifying in- astonished at the growth of the trees where the Soft Phosphate had been applied. If you rememberthe
deed. I)}cave only tried it in its RAW STATE,as it comes from the Mines(without drying or being) first shipment of Phosphate was made less than sixty days since. ,and,until the last few days,we ,
Iced),oa Roses last fall and this spring on Kelsey Plums LeCoute Pear, Peach and Orange. have had very little raiit. d
Tree*.especially the latter,where I tried it side by side with high grade Commercial Fertilizer.! I am fully convinced that one ton of the Belleview Soft Phosphate has a greater value as a plant
A warsaw there to very little difference in the growth sad looks of the trees,but tie difference intbeorke food than a ton of any Fertilizer that has ever been brought into the State,and would warmly recommend .
15 so great, that I shall use the Soft Phosphate U the future altogether its use to the Orange Growers of the State. .1
Yours truly, p. H. WAITERS. Yours truly, O L7S

/ :. :5 .
S .7.-.7.1 :
'S }" 'A-

\ '. -. Y


-. -ee'. '.-- -,- ... -- ..
.. ";; V. .."... _,_, ,.. .
r .
S 5

r .



iff" : __ ,_ ._ _ '- -- ',. .


Qi41 .*V_ V .


V Oe L 0 Latest Designs in Parlor and Bedroom Suites in Antique Oak "

'" ,' ollclel1CO -C:' '7' '''' ,. Mahogany, Cherry, Walnut and Imitation. Hall Stands,
', ".:' -. .9UClted; 8 .' Bed-Lounges, W1l12w, Reed and Rattan

.. Goods, Desks of all Kinds and
'. 40

r WE SELL AlVa 42 "' II Styles. I

: :



Carpets/battings, Curtains, Window Shades, Hanging Lamps, China and V

Crockery Sets, Tin Toilet Sets, Mirrors, Curtain Poles and Brackets.

"*" t :Hotels, Boardintr'Houses. Shins Steamers, Offices and Private Residences Furnished. from Top to Bottom.

I V. V JB9?When writing please mention this paper.



Bowker's Orange Growers and Vegetable Growers

Who wish to obtain the highest market prices on their granges and' Vegetables to ,
use the fertilizers manufactured by the


,, Vegetable Grower. THE L. B. DARLING FERTILIZER CO.,

of Pawtucket, R. I.,
"Uniform good results. In every respect
the very best) high-grade Fertilizer I ever Who manufacture only the highest grades of animal fertilizers. These fertilizersare
used." J. B. Wyatt, Supt. Fair Oak Growth and remain in the
made that
V Groves, Manatee, Fla. so they keep up a Vigorous, Healthy ,
soil until the Tree or Plant can take it up. :
r Southern office warehouse at Jacksonville, Florida. .
GROW in 60 to days .. '
90 ,

do best on, a manure that No. 8 Bostwick! Block.

is available and about ready to nourish. Catalogues describing our fertilizers, with prices and testimonials, sent free

Bowker's Vegetable,,Grower is a special fertilizer, upon application. V
\ Our fertilizers have given the very best of results wherever they have beer
made to produce a vigorous, healthy growth, and used., l m
\ is composed of chemicals especially adapted to

vegetables, which': feed this class of crops in a NURSERIES OF THE

manner to produce a' healthy growth which withstands Milwaukee-Florida Orange Co.

disease and matures early. For sound,

of Selected strains Choicest Varittles Citrus Fruit Trees a Specialty.
r delicious vegetables good shipping quality, use Budding-Wood for sale at all time

the BOWKER Fertilizers.
Our stock Is large and complete. PROMPT ATTENTION' TO CORRESPOND .NCE. For
Catalogue and Price-List,address,
Send for Illustrated Catalogue Free.
, A. L. DUNCAN Manager Dunedin Fla.


V '
;4 op



V 'T buy an orange grader until you TTERKAFTER all fowls sentlj
MONARCH OF THE DO J have seen one of my IMPROVED STEEL from my yards, by
ROLLER S or 9 grade, combined assorters will c at one-half the former
ORANG and sixer, with canvas spouting and other ; 1 ;V rates-a great saving to my cab
GROVE improvements, for the season of 1891 and 1892 tomers. This is by special arrangement -
ClONESADJUSTABU CICIT The rollers are made of SOLID ROLLED ,, and is confined to \
lNINEGRADE COMBINE STEELti4inchesindiameterareasstraightASSORTING&SIZING ; fowls from my yards.
as an arrow,as"TRUE AS STEEL"and will ILL_ t We are the largest breeders ol
ORANGEA LEMON always remain so, thus insuring the most accurate rv thoroughbred poultry in Florida.
MACHINE and rapid grading. ;Come and see our stock or send
.It After thoroughly testing steel rollers on orTS : .F j for our illustrated catalogue and
anges and lemons last spring,I adopted themon : ; ,. / price list of 14 vartties.f { .
nearly 200 of my deciduous fruit graders ; ?* f Poultry supplies of all kinds.
made this season,and having personally operated .. ; Incubators and Brooders, Shells
,__ them in California different size +
on my s and Bone Mills, Clover Cutters
graders from the smallest to large twelve andDolled
'" my .Wire Netting,Desiccated Fish
CANVAS -. ;fro ..u, N roller machine,I flatter myself that Florida Blood and Bone to make
tx CANVAS SPOU"S .... --. orange growers and packers will see upon an hens lay.
examination of the improved assorter and .;
.*' ier, that it has been remodeled with thegrtatest EGGS TO HATCH.
care, means business all the lime, stands head and shoulders above all others,and is just
the machine they have been looking for E. W. AMSDEN
I t ."AR Impt Ved 8 grade with steel rollers may be seen at Nelson Bros.or R.\V.Lawton's, Oviedo: : -i
ludgeG,1 Means.Evinston. "'. Moody&Son,Ocala; J. E. Butts Hawthorn- D. P. Borland, Ormond, Fla.
kriQ_;I, W.Lawrence Winter Park; R. C. 31. Crawford Mlcanopy,and a 9 grade at Carl Ifolm-I
-ei."**, Oakland: -
':The above"gentlemen,with the exception of Messrs. Lawton Lawrence, Crawford and Ilolraer,
arc ageMe. V r .c RFECTION
-'Go lee .'*a chiae and be convinced. Where persons do not wish to separate brights from russet g9 UTFDT8
V *with the machine my double sizer,or even my single steel roller (baby sirer),-will size more 8A L.te ilsae ned sad Cfege.t.O.tP s.d
e and lemons than any machine In Florida. Any.given Size in any of my machines may be i I4 aat.eatr.auy] sad.tn spray 10O Tm erl n>ti i '
without affecting the other, be shut off if desired. Inform .UtU MdiiArttl .... .
or may entirely For further it u *Gm *KM "Bpny.ra tad.tD V rt..rd SMKT .
..,a' Cary agrnts, or 1.ouleo IDN&......sa.a. LjftusltteUawwfcTee .A.a Ber..P..a I at 4. ;I
.. ire.U a.1 fatt.t G 0" r..o4ot Pi pi.at....lnaJ. 4Maddtwl ,
"t : V JOHN A. JONES York Pa. ... 'ilj.:
,\ : ," -.,' tal.1T. .lae .t1 C@atarwtd J LeC > ffS

': '-
''' :- "
't,:. .

: V ..,.
.. '
-Q :. ;. :


-;-> ,, ., '. .n,.w .,



VV VV ,- .,- "'-;.,- .

'" ..-.."...- .-........"':"J '\r"J"--": ..... .", ..- 7 .. ': '. .. :':'" ''',

I. ... "!III

.. .
+ ..
.. :, .


_'1 oYl' lse 26,18911 .. .._ ... 'THE.:' LORJ?& DISPATCH,jFABMEEAND: FBUIT-GROWER. f ? ,


The Clyde Steamship Go.. I

.. Time 53 to 55 hours between Savannah, New York and Phil*. -< '

delpfiia, and between Boston and Savannah 65 to 70 hours. -

j lei York, Charleston and Florida Lines.The ;., ; .

Ocean Steamship Company.

magnificent"Steamsh'ips of this Line are .appointed .

to sail as. follows, calling at Charleston,. S. (Central or 90 Meridian Time) a

C*., both, ways : .Pa.ssaa' fir,e ,Rates 2
(STAWDABD TINS ) Between Jacksonville and New York: let class, $25.60;Intermediate,119.00;Excursion fi&St
From New York From Jacksonville. Steerage, ,1Z50. : .< .
(Piers, E. &) STEAMER.. Florida. Jacksonville and Boston:Cabin$27.00: Intermediate,$21.00; Excnrslon.Si7.aO; 8teerafefUJ6l.
Mcpday. Oct. :26th at3P.x..CHEROKEE" .Sunday NOT. 1st, at 4:30.Lx.'' THE Magnificent Steamships of this Company are appointed to sail ai follows t
Qed.tesday'Oct.. '28th; at3P.x."SEMINOLE"Tuelday, NOT. 3d. at 5roA..K. .
>Friday Oct. 80th at 8 P.x. ..""YEMA8SBE".Thursday, NOT. 5th, at 6:00.1..'x. FROM .VANNAH'TO NEW YORK.
VfBaday: Nor. 2d, at 3 p. x. .."IROQUOIS" ..Sunday NOT 8th, at 9UA.x. Central or 90 o Meridian Time.1 '
Wed e da7.NoT. 4tn, at 8 p.ALGONQUIN'Tuesday; NOT. 10th, at ll:00A..x..: NACOOCHEK *.-_ .. ... ... .. .... ... ... ..Monday NOT. 2- SJOlia\>
i' =NOT 6th, at 8 r.x. .:.CHRROJEEl''hunday.. Nov. 12th, at l:00.p.x. < .
i .E7 J, 'A UV. '9th, at8P.x..BEMINOLE.Sunday.! Nov. 15th, at 4:30A x. ... .
.NOT. llth,'at 3 p. x. .."YEMASSEE".Tuesday, Nov 17th, at 5:00A..x. TALLAHASSEE .,...- .. .Saturday, M 7- V.OO.
Friday, Nov. 13th, at.8 p. x. ...IROQUOIS" Thursday, NOT 19th, ,at. 6:30A. x. KANSAS CITY... ...............-.--... .. Monday 9-- iLOOaa m
Monday, NOT. 16th, at 3 p.x. ."' ALGONQUIN" Sunday NOT 22d, 'at 9:00.1..x. CHATl'AHOOCHEE.\. __......Wednesday, 11- .
Wednesday,Nov. 18th, at 3 p.x....CHEROKEE" ..Tuesday. Nov. 24th, at 11ooA. x. NACOOOHEE.'. -X?..__.... _... Friday, 13- l.38p.
Friday, Nov. 20th, at 3 p.x. .."8EMINOLE". .Thursday NOT. 26th, at 12:30p.x. CITY OF BIRMINGHAM........... ....... ....... ......._....Ratnrday, 14- IMpa
Monday Nov. 23d, at 8 p.x. YEMASSEE" ,Hunday, NOT 29th, atIROqUOI8".Tuesday l:30p.M: CITY OF AUGUSTA. .........., ..?.........................Monday, *. 1ft- e.cePJII
Wednesday,Nov. 25th, at 3 p.x. ..- Dec. 1st, at ,4:00A. .. TALLAHASSEE............... .:......,-,.Wednesday 15- '7.00pJII
nMay, Nov. 27th, at3 p.x. "ALGONQUIN"Tnursday, Dec. 3d, at 5:30A.x. ,KANSAS .: ....... ...... ..... .,...Friday, 20I.....
Monday, Nov. 30th at 3 P. x. ..CHEROKEE". Sunday Dec. 6th, at 7SOA.K. CHATTAHOOCHEE ... 21- 9.30
NACOOCHEE............ ..... ......Monday, .. :2J- 11 30 a.a a
CITY OF BIRMINGHAM................_. Wednesday 2- 1.04pm
t'J CITY OF,,AUGUSTA...... ., ,.. Friday 27
St. Johns ,River Line. TALLAHAbSKE: ................?....'--::;..._-... _. Saturday 28-- 3.30 2.30pm P m
Ftr Sanford Enterprise and Intermediate Points on the St. GATE ... ..' .... .Tuesda7KoT. S.- dos
"..w r ,. CITY O"1 MACON........:_ :....."....;.- .' ...'.. Friday! ". 6-- 8.0tpa p a
** Jofrns} River. CITY"OF SAVANNAH.........................................Wednesday, .. 11- 1.00 P JII'
GATE CITY ... ,,.....,......... .. ... Sunday, 15-- 6.00. a

1- 4 The elegant Iron$ide*Wheel Steamers CITY CITY OF OF SAVANNAH..r?-.......... .......Wednesday... Monday,, "" 18-2311.00 7.tO.a m a
s. f CITY OF : JACKSONVILLE' ** GATE CITY .* ..Frtcay..e ?f2 Ipa'
V CITY OF .. _.__. Monday SO- 4jgp a


(This Ship does { Carry Passengers.)
FRED'K, DEBARY, DESSOUG........... .. .. Friday NOT. 6- 83aa
( DESSOUG ....... _..,...._ Monday 18-. .30p.
Capt. T. W. LUND, Jr., DESSOUG..............._.._ .. .__.. ..........Thursday, II 2ft- L30pr
Aze appointed to sail from Jacksonville, dally except Saturday at 3.SO p. m.,and.from San- THESE PALACE STEAMERS
ford,dally except. Sunday,at 9 a. m.DOUTHBOU ,
vD. SCHEDDLB. NORTHBOUND. ixmnectlng with the Savannah,Florida and Western Railway(Waycrois dnort Line)Od'tf
Read Down. Read to the Traveling Public and Shippers advantages equalled by no other line.
1' ave 3.30 p. x............................Jacksonville....... .................Arrive 11.45 Up.p.x. Through Tickets and Bills of Lad.Ingiseued to principal ,points North! East and Northwest:
$.0U P.M..Palatka. ..... .... ...............Leave 7.00 via Savannah. For Information and to _
1.80A.X. .... .. ... ....................Astor ..... ........................ 2.00P.M.p. x. J. P. BECKWITH, General Agent, H. R. CHRISTIAN,Soliciting Agent
%.4.'iA.x.' ............ ..... ... ......St. Francis .. ..... ................ 12.45P.M. 71 West Bay Street,Jacksonville. 71 West Bay Street JaoksonvUU.
6.UA.M.;) ... ...__..................Berenord .... .................. .... 1145A.M. R. L. WALKER Agent C. G. ANDERSON, Agent,
'a 8.00A.X....... ........... .... ......Blue Sprngs ..... ......... .... 11.00A.x. New Pier No.35.RICHARDSON'iver New York. City Exchange Building,Savannah, Ga.
1rrtvs8OOA.M. ............ ......... ......Hanford....... ...................... 9.00A.K. BARNARD.. Agents,I*wls' Wharf Boston.'
." 8.15A.M. ... '". ...................Enterprise. ........................, 9.30A.X. W J.L.D.JAMES.HA8HAGEN Agent, 13, 8.Third Street, Philadelphia. :A
Eastern Agent, Sav.. Fla.do Western Ry.Co.,291 Broadw-V, &,*'
G. M. SORREL,Gen.Manager. W. E.ARNOLD,Gen.Trav. AiL,Jaccionvnle,Fla.'
General Passenger and Ticket Office, 88 West Bay Street. For Tickets. apply to S F. & W. Railway ofce.EST.&BLISIiED.
F. M. IRONMONGER..Jr., Fla. Pass.A cent,88 West Bay St.,Jacksonville, Fla.
W. I. OGDt N FAT,Traveling Passenger Agent,5 Bowling Green,N. Y. 1575.WILLIAM .
JT. o. PELOT, Frt. Agt.,on wharf, foot Hogan St.,Jacksonville, Fla. .
JOHN L. HOWARD Fla. Frt. Agent, foot Laura St.,Jacksonville Fla. '
J. A. LESLIE Supt., foot Laura SL,Jacksonville,Fla.RSHAJLL : : -A.. :jOOTJWHOLESALE .&. '.S,

|I,\ H. CLYDE Asst..Traffic Manager,5 Bowling Green, New York. ''lGrain
THEO. G. EGKB Traffic Manager Bowling Green.N.Y.

WM. P. CLYDE & CO., Gen'l Agents, Garden Seeds and. Fertiliz rs"

M wfli,,Wluu M, PMlladelpltla. 6 "wllas; GrMt, JT( T. ,

Williams & Clark Fertilizer Co. .


NEW 'YORK:: Hay, Corn Oats, Flour, BranWheat Grits, Meal,

Branch Office No. Reynolds St. Aupnsta Ga COTTON Bath
729 .SEED_ MEAL, trigM and Dark.

:, Florida Salesman. .

t J.; E. 'Ty Ie rt Ce.'., A '
"ericus Orange Tree Fertilizer, NITRATE! SODA, .

Americus Orange Tree, No. 2 Star Brand Fertilizers

Americus, Ammoniated Bone SuperDhosphate) : QQASAXTSS AlfALTIII8. JroRIATE OF POTASH.,

.Americus. Pure Bone' Meal. Americus Bone and Pot Sh. Orange 'Tr ComprWng' "nd Vege 1 ... '$-.ULPHATJ: POTASH

Strawberry Fertilizer ran R. KAIl I ,- .

Americus Sulphate ,of Potash !'9ese IfertHlieri haTe no fapolor In the market tad m Wtl win ecmtlaM.I .

.. --Florida- Vegetable Fertilizer.; I CURE FITS MLE VElIlIlGCIIRBlI

a z..l'CR: 0.1"".1ft-ton.* } H.Knight, Bellerltw, Fla.;. x;B. ITbm I tai sure I do not IBM mere Iol&op'"
Cla ont, Fla. M. .< -
; ? Meelarln.Fla.NDr. -
:: law tin sad then bar that stun again. I mesa aJ.m'GT
....... & .....;- t gyp'ii( 1,>r FERTILIZER_ .. a F
.-. h "". . .. -. ...., ..__ ... .;.. =. a of l ==
--- ......iH...-.,b IaN,.'want c- BeowMOf to PA8KB mmort Mk.lr UutfiM v.
hag.f.9.a. fir Jd non a m .
bees ae'eUoD n. &ell
warn /sodMeae.tae a realisttnlAY4..Bskle 1aj =.R diN..f8OtuVEItM: (.L
I ,ya; tOtlI / A SCHOOLFitting w.Hib1e.-dJ. GIft liZDrees end hit 0fI-. .Beea..M.10...year.... .*'..-.and.nnvnr' fa ft. nn.er.eo.rtl., .t tOa .
jar.urlMf ee .. 0. ROOT. M. C-. 188 Pearl SU, N. T
l f+I Br.wtr,ielni+dKlt
h .lac lD'4Qatia.ltltII a .
r AiM3tw3 young men for the arose duties of life. THE SELF-RESTORER a
M.l. 'Chattered by.the fflslat&re of TlrgiaU, and
y endorsed by the Chamber Commerce,Ccmftcil
ae aDd prominent ckisensof the city where located. r'. e" to ffU7aaD,1OBC..JU1...... 8ALB-One second band W
Forcatatone, : :azt tpoS siataaddrirs. f _4 olcl:...... cS. F Hand Press (or *le cheap t Uss sVi
I CJDVJt'&KOaa---$.,-' ... ;.. ... -...:'Yie- Mf1edtlil c..A Baalto. Write for rartladar

I .5. ,

J'::.:.txr ';' .

a ,. -;. .. .
P !: -

}, ,J ... ''j.. .,.. .K' n.r, a.
t .. b.. -

.... ; r.

[ :. i '" T
___ Jl: '
':' if
; .. :
.A" .., >--. :. : .. <#. .
I, .,P- 1t_ ,.." .. '%s a 'THE FLORIDA DISPATCH,:FARMER AlfPj FRUITGROWER.. f NOVEMBER 26,18M. ....1


......,,,,,,'... ) .. ,. .jL ...
:" .
: -
=.Blood" and BoneiPTirefBHne- Chicago. Bone Meal, 1
Seed i
Cotton ;
: Dark and Bright
:i" .: Ground .Bone' ;
; --1 '.'S .Annimal Bone and Potash, Tobacco Steins, .
r '':'. Blood Bone and [Potash Oanada.Hardwood: ,. Ashes, ': ;
t <# ,
.!' Pulverized Animal Bone, Sulphate of ,Potash,. so.Wrult .

..' .
; : and: V1.ne. Bearing: Tree:;

j'" F .. :Oran.: e Tree pood, Y'oun Tree.. .

Veve"'tab1.e an.d: Potato Grower.EO. ':

>C IB.:.WII ON. -' 50 West Bay Street, Jacksonville, Fla. ;

# '.. .' .

I ', '- t > J i ,' DEATH TO FOOT-ROT. >'

,0.XYG=EN, IRON .',


..Jfl... ..'... .
; : Ir. :EICT .a.NLl: FOOT-R.OTI: '"'R1 'rEII: :. .MIN: : .a.TOR.: i

{ ;,'", :
r ,
5 J
|l .4*_/ ;j. -, Of thevarious' articles offered to the orange grower for checking the Foot-Rot. in their groves, this

.. combination has given results surpassing anything heretofore tried. Except in, cases where the diseaee
is. very far advanced ,upon the roots of the tree and beyond the reach of human aid, it can be depended

.'Ic' upoii to remove the disease,-heal the scars, force new growth, and upon bearing trees cause full development -

I of the fruit. ,
ft '
For further. information, testimonials and prices, apply to ,
f. C. L. MONTAGUE & CQ., Savannah, Ga., General Agents, or to
S P. .B. WEVER, Leesburg' Fla., Agent for South and East Florida. '. + ,

., 7
"c/; '

HARD: WOOD ASHES.: ; .. 3'

DIAMOND "DM HARD WOOD ASHES themselves are one of the most valuable their continued use a strong productive soil is being made which will require yet ito
,/ ;and in those conditions of soil where a large amount of phosphoric exhaust. .
h is'required,'no agent is so valuable for the.decomposition of Bone, or Florida This brand has been shown by Prof. Robinson's report on Hard Wood Ashy
tee, as these ashes.combination ? to be the best in the Florida market. They are now better than ever, and, without
of produces a fertilizer rich in'all the elements required by light doubt,are the cheapest fertilizer Florida growers can use. For other particulars
..in a condition that prevents leaching by rains, the result. being that in address .

'CH.;.".., ,,.,,,:.\"*.-. .- S C. E. DePTTS",' Stockbridge, Mich..
';.;;qJ :ft= :
;', : ,,... .. .,
'" :'r:t.u:);'-,',:' .',";.' '.-'---- JOHN CLARK, SON & CO.,
', '
> '



Coal, Hay Grain, Wines( Liquors, Cigars, .Tobacco, Etc


l.isrker. _______%I.T5 J. lYIllwtln Rye----" =.S. e
_____, 2.00 Th.C1nlaGI.de8_____ .
41range Valley
b .'t rln.-Vane ___;....._ .60 I Old K.nrhot ___ 6." .
____ 2 60 Kentucky Boar .,_,.,,, ,
ortbCaroifaa' C.I'JI Asa$ a.M
Clifton Club_____.......- Oil Baker.....___. __ .... J
Montrose Telret.. ..__;...?.6,90. ;
1' w Jngs extra: 1 gallon 25c., 3 gallon 50c.t 3 gallon 75c Remit by post eft 9e,
,honey order,check or registered letter. We cannot ship C.O.D.to dry towas.A .
complete price list of Groceries, and Wine list, sent.free on application.

John Clark Son & Oo. ;.
S ,. I ---
r HatchChickens by St am7s ,

BPwJod.cladk .. 11--PC...... '.1 ,
: SoM&daa..... .
( .
LI eLVTSLLTHB BEST. Qtalltf Jerer Yarle*. t*jeart*,aetaal test la Ue Field props them tabs .PIANOS. ut lL. MTIIlCliL -=:! ;:.
....tSM for rdrisf Ids crop'\:The"'purity_of the component materials and the identific. IN ---
.....,with w1 ch: they arc combined' mikeBndlel'Fertilisers, the most perfect wen the most UNEQUALLED J-.amen hi J A- ..!.\
T!.hit piast foot ll ie.oringe or: TefeUble. .grower: can;me. Send for beautifully illnitated1iADLET'PERTILZELCOy foe,Touci WorkMU! =p SDonMlity I:I f:.rDO. '
jWet.- '
: T ":Reynoldist-!: Ba1ttmorr.iII', and 2i East Bait------! .. l'
Boston: New York 148 Fifth A
; .27 IIijSt, 1 AUGUSTAGA.7 :. WMhlnftoo, U7 Market 8pc .- =--.Y'... ._ ., _

.. .
S ': > < S S..f;!.''"....... .
; :. :: :" : : :: .., ...".... .. ., ""'" .. ., .
.i : .. .. ,.. '. .. ,- ", y_ ;1; d'f .. ,,.. ".
: -.... '.<,' '. .u..., "- ., : $: (- ''' .' ..r"v.l',. ;" 0(:; :' ""
o" ;
.- ', ( : '
#" ,
i. ..: .
.y ;7 ,':.:ci' : ... .,,; "' ::; ;: .'. .
:r ..: -: ,: 'i' .t'
: ': J1 y fl't. ...
.,. .'.. ..
r. a .