Florida farmer & fruit grower
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055765/00191
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: S. Powers
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: July 30, 1891
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note: Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038466
oclc - 01387403
notis - AKM6256
lccn - sn 95026761
System ID: UF00055765:00191
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen

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AGENTS r" .c '. 4* d'Q'.N"Te.T: IT '" ..A. I- No.2 South Front Street,
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-T ':Oaori Ain OBeaiftD-U e ef Raw Pphitet;.A'Fertt11eeifor4neapplei! ; elWo ..' --<< r PHILADELPHIA.

f n.QRIDiRVJT'; ., .EXCHANGE,. ,. tton Wanted. -; Lemon Scab-Orange. Blight- ; *" .- -. *.' '-''* .. ,., ". .. r. 608 r COMMISSION' MERCHANTS,

'It' ""( ': r BOSTON.- 7 Failure in.Shipping Peaches. ;JSuccrss'ln Shipping, ech".P ar'Blight}>1fngOutatjtoDu. Southern'Fruitl'and- Vegetables. BpeetaltIeti.

5 7, ,.CHATHAM. ;ST.j.. v. cello;.Frplts_ in.Jackson. County.. ;, i .,..", *, ..' .-" ..,? 004 Ret arencei-Dr..R: Bldffelr, Prflsra i.-
'aS. ;- T. -- t V : ". r'.' :3 .' Bant;Doyer.beLD.J.CUMU IB Fretld at:5ffia taa
JO" t Bafrleni. of the 1 .#keuln;; prang*Gfvwingin .Florida= .. .4 X.. .J';. *- 698 .. ,' ell ..co..
-. -.' ''' ', ".,.. l' i- FIBIOEB iim4L'Tatrcu-PraeUea1; ; Farm TatksNo..4, ,, )_ ;Sow'baton,:Seed Now fI Strawba >/ ; ,t e', : & & *i Mokea: COT., .J, D e vBiWW M .

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u t .{ .' ,;. f"4 t ...Old StraWberryBeU*;The.StateTEiperimental,Farm!; ,, .. \ ;. 68T < .v8tea0U Bank.fomifllMd Phlladelp when requested.! : ;l Bet.... ti
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Ar..> J : KrrottiAL-PublicatlonjiRecelred; What One'AdTertiaer. Says" ; Notes);JNowfof; the'World's <-\; r ,PATENT: .GRA ZiNG ;

:a:. 'Fair.; Sxlppbig. Peaches; ,Our"Book: Tablet;' ... "> :> \ "."' '.% rv/. ** '*. "W8;
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a FLORIDA: :FRUIT; EXCHANGED.i **> Fork: for.Augurt; Markets_ for'Florida_ Produce; Questions and Repllea; Gro11 West t >v MUZZLE.: 4

:?NMNMMvMHttfMMj e' .FfUH i"T.tti'I." :I P1 .. .: ." ,. '. ,.r .. '.;, ..1Get 1 _Oar new Spiral Spring. Muzzle'aliow.stock to

:''''''''- ':' I ',OrnrYotnio: Foucs-How 'J meetorrn.Was.8etu d;1 Gyp 0"8 I Notice of the Fire. ; The_ 'Acting *''1 graze'and prevents browsing Price $z.s5 eaeb/

.- reyras.l '' -... -- *.Cockatoo, ; i.>"eep-Sea. 'Creature' ,.;. ,A Lau Ao6i. "j""i': .: : -'., .' .' ".. -, ". &.0Qcs at_factory_ or|1.5o post. paid MORBMBN,cash with order. CO,
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/ S.PAtMEt: ':1 : ..: of( _keepers:,.. .!t. ...: ,; .. .. 'X- ; :' ; ; _. ... e. \ ,& lJ'.TIm Co.,who bare taker,charge.of.the,busineaa. belt: *
as to manufacture and sale. -A..
'U7. -. 'I'<56'MiAl>E"STi;, .NEW:tYO, .. Fla Atuuc Jones' Prirate, Argument, ,, ; ,The Story of Clndnnatos as told by Tom **. '. ;" 7 ;r
,i-i .S Wr.WiN9t and Cement:."; ...- : : ,.*-f; *r-T t-'s' '" ;."f"' y7*"% / > 6U S. HXCKER ,&
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':SO Q1Hm'; PRODUCE, A SiciALTy.Fnrfte ., .J. tIb.-1 +ierTpTBbRs e....endt mifThird.Pt.rty Agato. ;fA.Traffi. load Projected. :t 614. ,, : ,, ...
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T' : A Cordial iBTltationi" -. !- .. 613jSmTaNfcwsTrotee
I' and early. :' track.:.. atooT: dried fttt.fen ., ", .j. r :' y '-_XANVFACTUBBBL OTj {
'-. ie. *, ; ,| : ., 1" .. s 613. ,.. ,
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an mark....rspainrslsti.d. tree.znebaale ; 4"
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Very.oboiee. Niagara'Qtape root*. : '

.. 65,000 ir "' '- _l < ," .. ; !III'd '' re

: Flve- .of', Niagara be It is doable the'size of last' and contains valuable m
IOOOflO; ,. orotlin& For Season of 1891-92 will soon ready. year much 0
4 \;; : information the farmer, gardener: and, rose grower.. : See the many new varieties offered '':-
Bob from'oId beariag vines, weir' 'this season.. Send your name for a copy now. ; .. '

wood and warranted- -.,-trae- to' aasae.',;. .' -'" H., 'G.: HASTINGS: ;& CO.,' ',I ter acheD; _Fla.Scedftmen .> o. .

I oaa locate a few.yeryeteftdTinSoetfa dortrabte. home .. o
Florida. ,. 1 and" Floriats.PROF. 'j.
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1.99-s Auburndale- Pelt.C- Q L..PRATTI !''' .' .. Asistant. Chemist: 4-
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;.J JUGY )PIHMPPffl 'S'Si SLIPS.J 'Oiologieaj(; .,' Minn- I and Chemical' Bureau.. BuildingMaterial."CHABLESTONi; S? 0.. .

.... ,LlfcOBATOBIES* ,' 73' WEST PeftSTTH ;Sit, J1CKS05T1LLK) ,.ILL, AND COB38B.BROADAND) : '

ea4. fer:.itfkelit to J0MH. B. .| EACH, MABIOTA STO., ATLANTA/ ,. Ga :BBNTON'UPSON

; .:' .. 'tJumtca'ly. Analysis in all its Br :tick, 8.. Geological, Mining and ... -, 'J. '.. "'";,"

'iHAlan'. Jitter Nttrterlea', :x t Technical A&vice. phosphates. and Fertilizers a.Specialty., ,* JA'CKSONVILL r
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i 'FALL WINTrR.8ltA8ON 1880 AND 1891. 'WI1'iP.nfLi .
f ; ANA ,
THI R r :Sin ischrri :i"' .. J. OVEBTON P Dfj., IRRIGATING ft

is'f ape ,Florida1* most delfciou- fruits, Pot tHE PAINE; fERTILIZER I: COMPANY,
te ready. A Mae Hat of Australia
*r0WB BOW .
,t, 1IIIt:oak;also Melon Pawpaw.AH at'2 s'cats ?. I '

; eKIa, $2.75' pel' docefi. Pot-gfewa semi;tropksi. 10" ,; JACKSONVILLE. .. *' FL01U. ], )) ; t
ties a. pet. a pedaIt1. MACHINERY
OJtO; ri1rG,, .'' -' Office. 50 West Bay Street, Warehouse aDd Wharves at the terminus of the'F.-O..&. .P.'B. B. .
.J Johns East Jacksonyille c' "
Villa City;Fla*' : St. River '
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Manufacturers .Q.f Gomraercial. .Fertilizers.

4 -." BOTHPOllfc
f OR DL' "
.: RlhcfleAale dellis i$and importe l of all kinds or Agtloalterfil ChemloaJs. ,- 8THAl '
IYOUROWN.CANEI I. 8MM1'u Base aid we will mfttfyon from'timo Umejmueh. .general Information .
:. : ieeaafBl. oauage and Yegetabla culture" ia Florida.
WrttetorIfustratedtJ "' -

-)ape.coQtalninc prices Of and tktt a-fi. .. '" .: .. : : .:. >
fc = CtmttwoogaCHATTANO ,'The FIDe-" t.Reecmmendation_ to be ObtainedYn. 'the Sta'tew. -Florida I .Experiment Station.' -jas. PIPE, PIPE FITTING, ,BRA'" "
T .
C cau. Mfl. ... r ., to \ "v :LAMS CITE, Fuu, Get.. _, .1880.'M. .
11' diIMlueeg ..+..a i. &; T. PAJHK: A S *r. Dear;;: Sirs'-I nave naed yo &"Orange Tree Food" on my VALVE,' HOSE, ETC.
groyo fk'Iwo y** aaA say tlea saw. awwlag very nneJy. It a a1l.wHHHr aad1_

E_s. .... ,iJCJ"' ... ....., ...,. .., ,Yours- .truly. ,.' j. P.DZPAes.s "
; '. ). t *' with: ..L,Oct.39,l88. Write for Estimates. ..
Q RMAAl M' :MUesan:E..T.'FAXNX: A Self: OeoUeBaea-I am so far aatUfted the revalta obtained ;: 'j
} W tSfcttwof yoaf" Omnee 'INjed" e4Waar, of which I used over 60 tons the paR aeasoa.lly PEAR6 FBI PMFIT IN THE SMTH. r
FMmac/ oonUnaou ww of this brand :shows that it
., fruit 1a very firm ft&datavy: Five yean pro- .
tWn ,,"*-.Ak'wJdell earrtea to market tinder average condition la ex-: 'ILLUSTRATED LIST FREE. .
PLoW : //a iAaWrjIWeM bftdwi wpeft 8d receive t aeuo The wood growth
CHATTAN N, obtained by toke.8M of. year.MtaerYours I*not All gi Mliy some butl9KTji-L-t5TAn, .
dam. truly J. ld. WATBO 1f..; 'l wills, s........
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,Is 'sure death to the Red: Spider, Rust Mite,and Scale Insects. In the'liquid form, concentrated! it is the cheapestand
most effective combination. that can be made for the destruction of insects. One thorough application each L
thirty days will prevent the 'oranges from rusting., Actual use through the season has demonstrated that t' ,One"

\ i. Quart in So Gallons of Water is Sufficient for tht Purpose. Can be used stronger desired; one, two, five, tenor

0 ,more gallons, in 50 gallons of water will not injure the trees or fruit. It is simply a matter of cost. .

Read"what.a few,of the many who have,used it say: .. '
'The Eureka Insecticide is a'Specific. : r.the'Red Spider.-:Bulletin New: Jersey State Expert with one.tblrd of the fertilizer it now takes. I think if a man once uses it he will never be willing to
>Ilest StaWoa. -. .. do without it. I'consider it one of the greatest blessings that could be bestowed on orange grove .,
'J:>'' w 13o.&JlDJlA1f, FLA.,May 9, 1891. and. I think. you deserve the thanks of aU grove workers for your valuable discovery.
+ KL.JC.BLUfJ FLA.: Dear -We have sprayed our groves once with the Eu 'Yountruly, J. R.GREGORYI-akesideGrove. ti
reka Insecticide,usingthree pints in SO gallons of water and find It entirely : no -
Spider at all, and U is SAMPSON.find DELAND FLA. January 17,1891.E.
now hope job
doD.e.forth1sseuonatan.rate. P.G.
BEAN, ESQ., JAOCSOKVILLB: FLA.: Dear Sir-In regard to'your'nquiry of how I was
BI.A1m.. Pr.&., March 16, 1891. pleased with your Insecticide,will say that,although I made only two applications and those rather r
'MK.E.BEAW: Dear Sir-I used your Eureka Insecticide three times last season on my fifty late in the season, nevertheless the results are admirable and exceed my expectations. My trees are
tare grove,and am so much pleased with the result that I expect to continue the use of it. My opin- cleaner and freer from insects than ever before,and my fruit will be classed as bright and fancy
lea i u where it is used according to direction,there is no necessity in ha-ring rusty fruit. With the bright. I shall use your Insecticide next season,giving my trees from four to six sprayings of saint
Insecticide to keep o8 the insect enemies of! the orange tree%I.am satisfied a grove,can be made Yours, etc., MORRIS G. MUNN.

... 'Spraying- Madtimery fa Great Variety Manufacturers' Prices. 1 E. BEAN, Jacksonville, Fla. '




Is the most ,effective.compound yet discovered'' for destroying the insects infesting the orange{ tree-, and is a sovereign remedy

I for the various,forms of fungi on, trees and plants. Being'free from all substances of a caustic, corrosive or poisonous nature, it can

'bejiandled with'perfect-safety to\the person, and applied to-the trees at any stage of growth without injury.

.* 'This: insecticide has been used :Jbv some ,t eat*Oranoa growers in the Mate during the past two years, and has givenperfect 10tt

satisfaction. References furnished on application .

11, FOR: RUST MITE f USE.ONE QUART TO FIFTY GALLONS OF WATER When used at this strength !the trees should sprayed ,

'for'the Rust Mite twicea month through the:season-. Where labor constitutes the pnncipalitem of expense in spraying trees it,is better t

and cheaper to use the Insecticide(! at full I strength, viz.: One gallon of solution to 50 gallons! of 'water, as the fumes From the Insecticide ::.

; 'will kill .the'Rust t Mite even if the solution should not happen to ,touch them. .rn using the Insecticide at this strength it will save ..

throe or four sprayings-through: ,the season, thereby reducing the cost one-third to one-alf. This is an Advantage_ Possessed. .byB _

*,Mhw. PreparafioH o Snli Jnir.. if'used in this manneritwill'also: ." kill"the other insects that ,may be moving on t the trees. ,

<< : ,FOR RED'' SPIDER and SCALE use one gallon to fifty gallons of water. GeneraldlrectIons, for using sent on application. .4

PRICE 20c., PER:'GALLON, .in barrels. I If there is no agent ,in vour vicinity, write. for price delivered: .

;; SPRAYING APPARATUS furnished, fa; our customers at cost.McMASTER. > I";
_ :y.i:,i'I &MILLERSan, Mateo and Citra, Fla. :


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_. AND
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With the Magnificent Connections. .

The Great( Fast

The attention of shippers Is directed to the Plant B.'a Line between Havana.Key West and Tampa,and south Florida Railway between Tampa and'Banford.S. F.4 W.By.betweea '.
Jacksonville.Gainesville,Bainbridge River Junction and Savannah, Savannah and Charleston,and Ocean Steamship Line between Savannah,Philadelphia i3oeton and New
fetk and Merchants and Miners Transportation Company between Savannah and Baltimore The beet equipped,fastest,and most prompt lines between all points In Florida and allYetets'
North and Northwest. .Beoelvers and Shippers will profit by the following unparalleled connections:
Doable dally fast freight service for all points West' via Albany,Jesup, Bainbridge and .Double dally fast freight service from all points North and West via AlbanyrBalnbridffe,
8&YMB&h. Jesup and Savannahto, all p)fnta In Florida; fast freight trains both via Gainesville,Jacksonville
fiailyftoet freight all rail connection via the'Atlantic Coast Line to all Eastern,Interior Callahan and Live Oak. >.'
MfclCoMt points, including New York,Boston, Philadelphia,Baltimore,Washington and Four ships a week by the fleet steamships of the Ocean Steamship Company,salUse__
New York(New Pier 80,North River,) direct for Savannah Monday,Wednesday,Friday
our connections a week for New York via Oceanf Steaxn&hip Companyleaving Savannah Saturday. .r
Monday*, Wednesdays Fridays and Saturdays The Boston and Savannah Steamship Company's steamers will leave Boston June 4,11.
TwOOODDee\ODl a week for Baltimore. via Mere-banta' and Jnen'1'ransport&UonCom- and 25 for Savannah direct making connection on the dock at Savannah with r..t. '
patiyleaytng Savannah every Wednesday and Saturday freight trains for all points In Florida. ,
ConneeUonr for Boston vian and Savannah Steamship Company,leaving Savannah From Philadelphia via Ocean Steamship Co., leaving Philadelphia Mays, 19 and 29, '..,
June 4,11,18 aDd Z. a every five days from regular sailing day via New York to davannah.CaanecUons I
for Philadelphia every ten 'd.Tta Ocean Steamship Company,leaving From Baltimore via Merchants and Miners Transportation Co., every Tuesday and
k'ftBD&hJ'une4,14and2C.. Friday, making eoonne Uonwlth8.F.4W.R.for all polnta in Florida.
Baaing days for Steamships are subject to change without notice. ? .
The Florida Dispatch Line lithe quickest and best freight route from all points:North,East and West to Florida. For particulars,rates stencils and shipping receipts apply to
say agents of the above lines,or to WM P.HARDEE Oenl Freight Agent, Savannah,(la.
0.D.OWENS,Traffic Manager,Savannah,Ga :F.B.PAP.Y,Asst.Traffic Manager, Savannah, Qa. W. M.DAVIDSON Oen'l Traffic Agent,'JackseavlHe;Fla.
J.JORDAN,Trav.Agent,Qulncy.- J.E.DBATroy,Trav. Agent, Jacksonville. J.H.STSFHKHB,Agent Jacksonville. _,
sells and trades la:ads property ,

BJ -jig IllJor o LiDD n U &' Co t'S } "CULTURATOR""VEGETATOR" In Kansas Iowa,Texas Missouri Florida.,Arkansas, Nebraska, Illinois', ITS CAUSES AND CURE,

Scientifically treated,by as aarit of worldwide -
.. OoIBp44M>Fertilizers for'Vegetables" and Fruit, Tree*. Analysis and prices upon application. OUTFITS reputation Dea/aes eradicated and
entirely cured,of from 28 to 9:*years'stand"ag,
R.S.FULLER, & CO.,State Agents.0EO. DDAYW
taario .stir. after all other treatment failed. Howthe 1-
'W. BAKER'S' ,,ROTTED BONE M/KURE, T>con roscd with. Potash. >IBS per 00 tr.e...t matl..l1j boar. .1P.pLM .N.l11 .* difficulty Is reaebed and t-h4 cae removed -
lea delivered., Guaranteed Analysis. Send for Catalogue and smpics. tb.rprq p.r explain ,
1 oa e.rkK tbl. eeuos tknee. fully la e4realat,with affidavits
B. 8. FULLER &,'CO Special Agents, Palm Springs,F1a.t.ew' YP.p..ek.w Iztprvrtd fee Tla MachiAM. anU,iMlBdlac and x.r.erks.>tvSprmw and testlraeaifttt of.ire*from prominent ,
a All*u tBW v 4 HorMpover AttMntu at lev prtat. Clrev people,mailed free.
i ., BIT Dr.A.FONT&INR,19 BaIt 14th St., N.Y. ; ,
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JULY 30, 1891., 82.OO PER YEAR
.R $2.OO PBE YEAR] ;t


i nia is produced from urine (Qt does,not get too hot; turn it, spread out thii I objectionable. The lemon roots will
j rove and Orc1iad. occur anywhere in nature) it contain and it will cool down. 'flourish on all kinds of soil; high or

.. -- mixture of those phosphates whic ,'This is nature's way of making 1 low, hammock or pine, and its remarkable -
Use of Raw Phosphate. food and with a little variatioi 1 vigor brings the buds ,into i
exist in urine and which ought' to rei plant ,
Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: 1 bearing early. ,It will} bring the
der it more valuable as a fertilizer.In of materials it ,is complete plant very
I would like to use some of the sort food and will not bum nor harm any; :pomelo into bearing in three years,
phosphate ot, Florida. I want to mak regard to the cost of raw phoi; the caustic nature of the and the orange in four. He had. a

it complete with sulphate of, potash,. phate, it should have been stated abov plant salts is, as because it has been chemically Mandarin on French lemon which
which I but in regard to the that the State Chemist finds less tha; gone the fourth
can get; changed by nature's laws. If'bore 285, oranges year.
ammonia to use to 'make it standard, 4 per cent. of it "available' by soli the heap is allowed to cool off or get The only objection against the lenvan

I am in doubt. Which, in your:judg tion .in neutral citrate -of ammonia; through its decomposition it will no t I is its tenderness. but when it is

ment, would'be better, nitrate of sod but it is probable that a much highe harm plants.Now frozen' it is frozen at the top and not

or sulphate of ammonia? This to bused percentage becomes available in the any as to cost $30 will buy a ton 'it the bottom, hence the bud set in its

,on the best of pine.land in Lak soil in a few months, as is shown by of blood,. $9.25; will buy a ton of I not so apt to be injured.We .
I it of in the remarkable growth of vegetation
county. And who'can ,get phosphate and $60 will buy a ton of hope any one of our readers
Florida? I' shall look fpr ,an ans\\'er which it produces. As to the mod potash. Now have' enough ma able to give the information sought by"Pomelo"

to this in Questions in the DISPATCH application, we doubt if it will pay; terial to make you a ''big lot of manure. will favor us with it. ,

JOHN W,", HIGGINS. you to mix these ingredients befor These are prices here on Indian River,,, The California twenty pound fruit
North Attleboro Mass. putting them on the land. We believ inside
this fo and these are .much higher than ir box J8xIIx4$ ,
that want
e'assume, you the best course would be to strew on '
bearing orange trees. Take the form the phosphate in the winter or earl; other places. Every man that will measurement.
For remarks on shipping by refrigratorcarp
will make
this formula and <
fertilize ani. use process
ula of 'a standard proprietary spring, then apply the sulphate of editorial page.-ED.
need not which) that has'stooc ,a success in pineapple culture as he : see _
(we say monia (or nitrate. of soda) during or J
the of extended use. Ammonia, rainfalls gets his manure at small cost, and
test just preceding a rain, for if no Lemon Scab-Orange Blight.
2 to 3 per cent.; phosphoric acid, ;7 on it soon it will require to be< dry seasons it does not burn up his:; Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower:

to.9 (equal to bone phosphate of lime,, worked into the soil. Then'apply the< :rops. THOS. E. RICHARDS. In your issue of the i6.h I see an

15 to ,20)); potash,. n to 12 (equal to sulphate of potash about the end of Indian River.-...._._... article relating to the diseases of the

sulphate of potash, 20 to 22); magnesia the cultivating season. The potasl Pomelos-7-Information Wanted. itrus family and classing the lemon

soda, lime, sulphuric acid, etc.' ,,, and phosphate do not particularly re Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: cab; among unknown and incurable

76 to 80. We will suppose that yoi quire to be covered. I have fifteen acres of grape fruit to diseases, such as blight or dry wilt.

are to make your proposed fertilize! We doubt if you can buy the sul set; out, and want to get the best two or Whatever may be the exact nature of

out of raw ,soft phosphate, ground,, phate of ammonia anywhere in Flor three varieties. Would prefer medium he scab, it has always succumbed to
(bone phosphate of 'lime, 60.73), ni will sulphur and sulphides so far as has
Ida, and the nitrate also probably >ize, or orange shape (not pear-shape), ,
.trate of soda (nitrogen, average, 15)), under observation. Even
have to be.ordered from Savannah 01 ;sweet-rind, and as nearly seedless as: ome: my
and sulphate of potash (potash, average New York. "'rite"to our adver:. possible. when no attempt is made to check it

34)). tisers.-ED. I .have not' been able to get muchcnowledge he disease seems to run its course for
Now, according to the above pro -----.ate-------. from growers or exhibitions 1 ighteen months or two years and l then

prietary formula, you want, in a ton A Fertilizer: for Pineapples. >n this subject.Please lie a natural death. In '87 I had a

of your fertilizer, 50 pounds of nitro Ml tor farmer and Frnjt-Orowert ask our citriculturists for information nursery of sour stock which had be-
gen, 1 60 pounds of phosphoric acid and ome: literally with scabs and
I sometime since told you that J I on the following ( gray
and 230 pounds potash. V.sing-the Harts' ChoiceDr. one:broadcast application of flowers ol
would was experimenting with the view tc .)ther) varieties: Cluster,
i ingredients above named, you of find what the pineapples wanted for ( May's), Josselyn, Petite, ,Pernam t ulphur and air-slaked lime did away
about pounds
have it and the
to employ 700 with vestige of trees
Tomkins'Sweet every
:of about lood. Now I will give you the re uco) (Saunders1)), !
sulphate potash troubled since. But
(average) : 'Valter's.Another have never
thus far obtained. My formula imph,
of soda and about 380 ,
of nitrate wasteful but
"this method is as avery
desired article is ? very
much onen
thus far is the best I have seen or
the ground phosphate. of the sul
of raw small raw
When and percentage
used which is as follows : To 1150 > peaches and plums:
pounds;, and to ,
would' soluble
give only 1,410 'bur is available and various
the fruit how to ,
sawdust use Ibs. sulphate how to pick ; wrap
pounds 50
wnplete the ton you mightuse 590 blood lbs. and pack size of best packages, etc. ulphides and hyposulphites, which
potash, dry 500 ;
'"J1 guilds of muck road dust, sawdustor 300 being extensively ,used for
dimensions of are now
Florida soft phosphate; mix the potash What are the exact
anything.This Ib. fruit crate? and spider, are far more econom
with the sawdust, have the sawdust he California 20
is on the suppositim, however and in lcal and effective. One tall I went
dissolve the How would peaches plums'
wet enough to potash
acid in :
all the phosphoric and cords
that ; the Belair saw
New York and through grove
ship to
and thoroughly incorporate so as efrigerator-cars
the raw ground phosphate is immediately and POMELO. and cords of lemons stacked on the
distribute it evenly through Chicago?
j available; but we know that it .o Lake County, Fla ground between the,trees to rot, revered *
it stand
with the sawdust overnight
P yields up its phosphoric acid "-lowly In conversation with Mr. H. C. unsalable by the scab. Next
in the course of several years. Hence so as to dissolve every particle Ocala I happened in again and Mr.
then the,blood and leasoner, at the the Exposition, summer
f ,you ,would make no mistake in completing of potash, mix put on to distribute it he stated to us that the firm to whichie louston told me he had been spraying -
so as
the 'ton wholly'with the raw horougly through the whole. Let it ie belongs, were about to set 700 pome35 ,every ,two weeks with Bean's in-
"pho phate-that is, add 970 pounds eve ly and that the greater part of them 'secticideand had not a trace of the
stand in heap and in three ,
of it. Then ton would be composed a compact local is- left.I .
your then would be of the Royal variety, a : ase was
will heat on
lays it generate ; put
follows:' pounds sulphate it almost entirely
as 700 mix the phosphate. roduct The Pernambuco is very hate destroyed
and thoroughly !
of potash# 330 pounds nitrate of soda. hrough the whole and it will take up ood, but not so good as the Royal, : with one spraying of sulphate of pot {..
raw ground phosphate.Now I ash cent. three-fourths: pound '
970 pounds he ammonia and become thoroughly not being so sweet. 50 per ,
as to the best' source''Cor ni bud ,the .pomelo on the to the gallon, as well as with the
and if it is good ,article it They
barged a.
trogen. This element, estimated as ; all the ammonia. French or rough lemon stock, oc- ,: ome made sulphide of lime made by ,
ammonia ammonia salts, 'is worth rill hold nearly lime with flowers of sul-
I Jut if find it escaping scatter overt asionally also on the pomelo itself; oiling quick .
w 14 cents a pound; estimated as am you mould and sulphate of but the sweet and sour orange have t phur,(or flour of sulphur). iA
raoak in nitrates, it is worth 12, centsa it t good both much out of voguei ': On the whole, do not:think we re- .
be careful not to use carbonate gone
lime[ but
pound. It is probable that these of lime, as it will free the ammonia that section of the State. The sour quire any Congressional aid to defeat

two figures represent pretty closely which is the mainstay of the stock is liable to'scale and the sweet the scab, but the dry wilt has been avery
their actual comparative horticulturalvalue. .find them different adversary and uutes*
: foot-rot sOthat they very
', ineapple.": Be careful and not let it to '.
.. .. Wk a -tits sulphate of ammo-' ,

j '4'j',: .f
i::,> : ,' < '- -,". "':
"':i f ll
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3 .
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very soon taken in hand 'may make Passing across the continent are for.$48; freight charges, $1 .60i; commission afraid we will not have the "sticka-

enormous inroads upon our orange three or four belts of railroad that $4.80 -$16.4o-leaving a net bility" to do as Tom Sawyer is doing,
and lemon industry.,' I have.a theory, reach from the Pacific to the Atlanticsea return of $31.60, ,or $7.90 a bushelnet. farming for the benefit of the transportation

unsupported, however, by microscopic board, which carry attached to His forty bushels, therefore, companies.
observations, that the blight is their fast passenger trains the most netted. him over, $300.-,ED. We have not an over crop of pears,

somehow super-induced by, or an advanced approved refrigerator' cars, loaded and we are pretty sure we are grow-
stage of, the black limb. with peaches and other perishablefruits Pear Blight Dyinsr.Out atMonticelloEditor ing pears for the companies this year.
When twigs and branches become sending them in less time than Fanner and Fruit Grower: But we are inquiring for the best fruit

black and hide bound,.old limbs black my shipments were in transit and four ,Replying to your inquiry about the evaporators and thinking over canning
when they should be, brown ,and times the distance, in good merchant. condition of the pear trees in this locality establishments preparatory for another
young shoots brown when they should able condition. My fruit was shippedin I would say, there is no denyingthe year. We old-time folks are: a little

still be green and covered, with a ventilated freight cars and was seven fact that most of the old pear trees bit narrow minded, enough so that

glazed coating, the pores of the bark days en route, a distance of ,about at this place have suffered very much when we have tried a new thing a
are apparently sealed up and like a twelve hundred miles, averaging about from the_attacks of some disease, mak ,few times and it won't pay'big moneyto

stoppage of the skin pores in an an- 150 miles per day, while the fast ing its appearance very soon after the us-not somebody else altogetherwe
imal, disease is likely to be the result passenger trains make 800 miles() in disastrous freeze of March, r8gowhich, stop and go back to first princi.
sooner or later. Blight usually attacks the same time.and over the identical caught the pear trees almost in full pIes. There is one good thing about

trees ,which are thus affected, track. It is proper that the people leaf. This disease was attributed by the melon crops, they give us plentyfor
'- and' if my theory is correct a careful should know these figures, as it will many to the effects of the soured sap home use; and it is said that hogs
r spraying'of all hide-bound trees might prevent others from investing in a like in the trees, 'and this opinion was never have cholera that have access to

tend to ward off future attacks of promising venture. I may as well strengthened by the fact that many them, so that we have a better chanceof

blight Would like to ,hear others add that this crop is the first that I other trees, plums, Japan persimmons, saving our bacon. We keep on
express their |views and ,relate their have had off the festive Peento and pomegranates, figs and even oak trees setting pear trees. No blight has ap-

experience on this subject ,of such its family in five years., were similarly affected, viz.: puttingout peared here, and we like to have
vital importance. G. R. SKINNER. a thrifty looking shoot, .which them, but we are not confining ourselves
would shortly after turn black and
JOHN B. BEACH. Fellowship, Fla.,July 16, 1891. to them.
Melbourne.,Fla. For general remarks see editorial die. Whether this is blight or not I Acres and acres are set and will be
> .- am not qualified to give an opinion.The .
this winter
page. By way of comparison we print planted to pecans. We
Failure in Shipping: Peaches. trees around Thomasville
right below this letter another opportunely pear are almost as daft about pecans as
Editor Xarmer and FruitrOrower.In Ga., were affected in the same way, and South Florida
East about
order to start a boomlet for the received from Mr. Knox.-ED. are
and for one or two seasons bore very
peach Business, in this State I wish to oranges-and cabbages.We .
few This season they are marketing
little actual experience in regard Success in Shipping: Peaches.Editor pears. -know it is best for us to rely
give a
a fair and one of the largest
to profits that can be realized, if Farmer and Fruit-Grower. crop upon corn, ground peas, sugar cane,
this will be criterion I read in your valuable'paper a good growers says that the trees are out seet potatoes and cotton, oats and rye,
the receipts a
year growing the disease and will soon be
for future results. I planted sew many complaints of high' freight or field peas, etc.; but, alas, too many
eral hundred Peento and Honey 'trees i express charges and little or no returns as healthy as ever.J.. put the cotton first, in the middle andat
and have had, first for the shippers of fruit. There may H. GIRAR -EAU. the end, and come out at the little
five years ago my Monticello, Fla.Fruits .
fruit.this season. The cases of fruit be some good grounds for complaints, end. We sell our cotton seed and )
that were shipped to Philadelphia but as we cannot control the transpor in Jackson County. buy commercial fertilizers and get in _

were in good ,condition and carefully tation companies, can we not, in a Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: debt by so doing; and we will never

packed in trays, each peach-wrapped measure, remedy the; evil by closer A few weeks ago I told you some of get out till we stop it, for the sheriff
and packed in trays holding attention to the varieties raised and the things we don't do, and now I even can't put us out of debt some
one-fourth paper of a bushel each, the cases by taking good care that nothing but propose to tell you a little of what we times, we are- two far gone. But

aggregating one bushel each. They the very finest selected fruit is shipped, do. We co-operate; yes, sir, .we co we are going to try to mend
were consigned to the tender mercies and that packed with the best of'care? operate. We organize; we do indeed. matters over here by building for our

of the Coast Dispatch and were a 1 Freight charges are just the same on Last year we organized a Melon selves, with the help of the State, of
long time in transit.: second quality as on first. My experience Growers' Association, and did as course, another:: railroad. It will be

The following' is a. copy of four with peaches this season fully everybody else does under similar circumstances from Marianna, Florida, to Columbia,
sustains the above. While have resolutions and Alabama. We business. There
shipments and the costs and, net many passed mean
profits : had good crops their returns. have what is more, stuck to them. I have must be competition or we are done
RECEIPTS. been little or nothing. not a copy at hand but think one of for, and we don't, intend to be done

(I) June I..-2 case$3joo..........$ 6.00 We put''on the market this year for the resolutions" was that several for. We had a meeting last Tuesday d
,3 cases$ .-12.00 the first time our: new peach, the hundred acres be planted to melons, night, and the thing was decided that '
Total .- |8.oo Eureka (a seedling of the Peento), first and it was done. An immense deal we are to have that new road. TheL.

Freight, $ .50,.13.38; cartage 50 cu.; commission..., S-68 shipment June 15. We have nineteentrees of labor and fertilizers were expended, & N. has had things all its own ,

...$12.32 of this variety, three, years old and the melons are here and else way long enough. The Railroad
Net from dormant buds set ten feet where. The drought preventedmany Commission could not make it behave
(2)) June 5.-9 cases(bad order)$i.so..s13- apart. long
Freight.$6.62;cartage 45 cts.; commission.. 8-4 .From these nineteen tree we picked from attaining full size, but the properly, so we are goihg to take the
.35 about forty bushels, and only one small melons are here world without end matter in hand and show the P. & O.
$5-o8 lot three crates sold for less than $6 almost cart loads loads Division of the L. ,& N.
((3)) June 8.-4 cases $ .., S.oo ; wagon car a thing or
Freight$3.04;cartage., 40 ct*.; commission,. per half bushel crate. These were loads; melons all day long and floor two. Greenwood takes a hand in this
SO eta..* 3.94 packed the same as we had been pack- space,covered with the culls in every road, and when Marianna, Greenwood
Net.............................. }l.o6 ing our Peentos, viz.: in trays of common store in town. The culls sell for five and Columbia all agree as touching
((4)) June 15.6 bushels Honey (bad order), ;
j$1.00................ ..... $6 00 plastering lath, made to fill the and ten cents each. I can't tell how one thing, something is likely to hap-
... ... .
Freight,'cartage and commission. 548Net crate, and each peach nicely wrappedin many car loads have been sent off, pen. Mark my words, something will
.$ .52 The Eureka being but the is still Some and when it does I shall
orange wraps. cry they come. happen,
-Totals, 24 bushels...........,..$42.50
Freight, cartage and commission, (freight nearly a round peach, trays had to be have received returns, and the resultis write you and remind you that I told
alone $ ).JM-" somewhat deeper than for Peentos. mixed. One man sent his first car you so.Well.

COSTS. The advantage of shipping in this'wayis to Pensacola and got ninety dollars I set out to tell you what we
96 trays6 cts., $5.76; wraps $1.10;pick
ing,packing and hauling to station, 75 that it gives the fruit a chance to for: it. He was willing to send more. do, and have drifted off to what we
.. .....
.. .
cts.Total per cost bushel.at station. ..................24$18.00 66 ripen on the tree, it colors up much Another man had a load sold for a intend to do.Ve are giving as much
Total cost,including charges....... 48.78' finer and is better every way. We had hundred and fifty and the fifty dollars attention to sweet potatoes and planting
loss and above letting them
Total rot on the over .......... 548: reports from some packages that opened come to his share. He swore gardens now as can be spared from

Now, Mr.'Editor, these are not very well after being a whole week packed. off. Another received forty dollars, the watermelons. When we do anything -
assuring figures to those about to' 'engage Our Peentos (which the editor advisesus ,and one poor fellow got only eighteen else that is extra smart I will
in making their: fortune in peach to dig up) sold from $8 to $9 per dollars. I have not learned what the let you' know. C. B.

raising, but I venture to assert .they bushel Two years ago our Peentos, gross sales amounted to in but one instance Marianna, Fla.,July 8th.
' are an average of results that have packed and shipped in the same way, nor to what points the melons If

been attained this season. I believe netted us $10 per bushel. ,Next. were sent, except as stated, one to When the Energies Flag ,
that there cannot be greater damage O. C. KNOX. Pensacola. It looks as if we will Use Horsford's Acid Phosphate.DR. .

done to this State than the persistent Highland,Clay Co., Fla.,July 21, 18g1. have some of the vegetable growers' T. C. SMITH, Charlotte, N.
effort that is being made to ,induce We saw two of Mr. Knox's returns experiences if we go on, don't it? I C.; says: "It is an invaluable nerve ,

persons to engage in trying to raise the prices received were the same in would not be surprised if we don't go tonic, a delightful beverage, and one
fruits that will yield the 'results that both-$6 per half bushel crate. Eight on much alter this year, because you of the best restorers when the energies -

are, shown- above. crates, shipped, June 17 and 18, sold see. this.is not our first year. and. I am flag and the sprits droop." .-.

,.'';', ', r

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Burdens-of the MiddlemanThe soil in which they are growing does sect, but I find that many persons are serious consideration of every person
item for travelingexpenses not differ from th a in many parts. of undecided as to whether the insect is contemplating the establishment of an
has also become one of no smalPmagni- the'Stale, although it contains larger the cause or onl) a on eijiience of a orange grove on forest lands:
tude and the' annual trips-that;has portion of organic matter than can be diseased;: condition which has been "I wish to say a word .about the
been t.,: custom of late years-by found in numerous localities where produced by other influences., plan of deadening the timber insteadof
either the principal or a representativeof orange trees are planted, but even If we now direct our attention to making a naked J clearing, which is
the firm, to make throughout the when this 'deficiency supplied on thousands of acres of young orange .often referred to as a 'shiftless cracker
truck and fruit growing sectjons along lands openly exposed to sun and winds, groves which may: be found throughout way.' t came to Florida many years
the Atlantic coast require as much the products will not generally compare the State planted in sandy ago with these same prejudices very
time and expe..se a, a pleasure trip favorably with those from sheltered -: soils on high pine lands and contrast strong against the 'shiftless cracker'
around the world.. The farms and l groves;;so that the conclusionseems I their condition and appearance with deadening. I cleared off every tree
orchards haveso: increased in number clear that the superior qualityof those which have been described, the and stump and planted to oranges and
and magnitude, that fully six months the fruit is owing to the fact that difference will be found as striking as lemons twenty five acres of heavy pine
a is required to make a thorough can- the trees producing it are afforded an it is apparent, even to the casual ob- timber. I think I have learned some-
, vass: for example, I personally,put in ample degree of shade and protection.It server. thing by experience, and I can now
three months of incessant work of may further be. presumed that in In the preparation for planting: an see the 'crackers' were right and I
this kind during the past,winter: and any part,of the orange belt or climate orange grove on pine lands the first was wrong.
sheltered is that of removing all the "A .deadening is vastly superior to
4 spring and I then considered, my, can- where the trees are similarly process
vass very imcomplete, _as fully six fruits may be produced equally goodin forest trees, taking them up by the a naked clearing in economy and favorable..conditions -
counties,in Florida; (where, I had not every particular.In roots, and clearing up the land so for,the growth and
:been in eight years) I did not set foot passing through the country the that it can be broken up with the: !! health of the newly set grove.
in, (although all important;truck and effect of shelter, especially on young plow. ,:After thorough preparation by "As soon as the timber is deadenedit
fruit territory), and on :my return trees, is everywhere apparent. It plow and harrow the soil is ready for ceases to make damaging drafts on
making stops only in the important might truthfully be stated that the the orange trees, which are carefullyset the soil, and ,it makes a semishade on
truck sections in North and, ,South best looking young groves are those out. Without shade, shelter, or the ground very grateful, to the young
kind of protection from the tree in its new It also breaks
Carolina, with the exception of a three which are best protected.As any quarters.
dayS side trip in ,Southern Georgia, the trees increase in height and scorching sun and arid breezes, the the sweep of the winds and thus decreases -
making no stops whatever North of expanse they will, in a certain degree, young trees are subjected to great the evaporation from the tree
Norfolk. The expense of these trips shelter each other, and so far as they vicisitudes. When rains are frequent and the soil in which it is placed. After
can only be appreciated by those who shade the ground and break the force vegetation proceeds rapidly ; a weekor awhile the leaves begin to comedown
have been over the route. A daily of drying winds so. far will evaporation two of dry weather intervenes, and and cover the ground with a thin
conveyance of some kind is imperative, of moisture be reduced;l ; but a active growth receives a check for a mulch, retaining moisture and pro
and you sometimes pay as much for: a recognition of all the facts pertainingto time ; the foliage. of the young tree tecting the soil from the blazing rays
mule} or a draught horse as you would the growth of the orange would loses its vivid color, and this is consid of the sun. A year or more later the
for a coach and span in New York or tend to the conclusion that the trees ered as indicating need of a ma smaller twigs and fragments of bark
Philadelphia would be benefitted by being well nurial dressing. ,Fertilizers of some are added to the leaves, and when the
Now, I argue that if this custom was sheltered, if not also partially shaded, kind are applied, rains follow, and ground is plowed a most valuable
discontinued, and this from three to no matter what their age m ly be. growth,again proceeds satisfactorily so dressing of vegetable matter is incor-
six months' time was given by the What might be termed conclusive long as sufficient moisture. is presentin porated in a,soil whose greatest wantis
merchant uninterruptedly to his busi-- evidence on this point is afforded by the light sandy soil. humus. At the end of three years
ness his patrons interests as well as the localities in which the sour or bitter This somewhat' erratic condition your grove is well established and the
his own would be better.looked after, orange has become naturalized. This prevails in a more or less decided decaying timber begins to be dangerous. -
as no business can be run long success- plant asserts itself as an example of manner during the active growing Then chop it down. All the
fully without the head any more thana the "survival of the fittest" of the period of the year, and may extend branches and much of the bark will
truck farm can be. citrus-' family in this State, under into the early winter with but a slight break into fragments so small the plow
As to sending out a substitute it is strictly natural conditions of propa- lowering on the general summer: tem-. will dispose of them. Cut up the bodiesin
until a sudden depression is some ten feet lengths and pile themin
very seldom, nt:.with any; satisfactionto gation and growth. perature,
merchant or shipper, as the latteris There are throughout parts of Flor- experienced, and the thermometer in the checks midway between the
only interested in ,the principal with ida extensive tracts of rather low dicates that the freezing point is rows. In three years more the sap
whom he is doing business: whereas, lands, where the palmetto abounds reached. The temperature again rapidly wood and a large part of the heart
often the representative does not fair and flourishes, interspersed with a rises, and the scorching rays of will be thoroughly rotted and can be
ly represent his employer, but is lay variety ot oaks and undergrowths.Here the sun, pouring through a cloudless spread and plowed in like a manure
ing his plans to secure the _businessfor also is found the so called wildor sky, produce disastrous effects upon pile. Those hearts that remain soundare
himself in the near future sour orange, luxuriating in and the trost-bitten tender shoots and valuable for posts, rails and fuel.
Herein I see where 'another systemof I forming a part of the dense thickets, leaves. The cost of clearing a lot after it has
,economy ,could be introduced, viz: nourished by a soil rich in organic When young trees have been subjected been dead three years is about two-
the shipper to be his, own judge of matter, and sometimes growing in to such casualties it is a diffi. fifths of the cost of clearing green
c what markets, and to whom he should places where their roots are covered cult matter to prognosticate the ex timber. In fact, the interest for three
consign his products, and the merchant with water for weeks at a time. tent of the injuries they have received; years oa the cost of clearing green ..
understood to be at place of business Some of the most valuable orange much depends upon the individual, timber will nearly clear the deadening.
attending to his business.-G.. S. PALMER groves in the State have been formed plant; but in a general way those "But, after all, the great gain is in
in the.Flu / World. by ,a partial clearing out of these which have shown the greatest luxu the superior vigor of the young grove
-..,- 4- thickets, removing the tops of the riance will suffer most. Of course injuries the first few years and the great improvement -
Orange Growing: in Florida wild orange trees and budding the from frost depend upon its to the soil,. by the shade
Orange groves located in the neighborhood plants with the best varieties of severity. Six to eight degrees of,frost and added humus."
of Indian River have long weet oranges. Looking into these may prove fatal, even although, the There are many hundreds of acres
been noted for their superior produc semi-naturalized groves we observe an plants may linger between lice and of young orange groves which wouldbe
tions, and packages of oranges marked indiscriminate assemblage of orange death for a year or two. If the sap of greatly assisted by the introduction
Indian River" command a higher trees and tall pay: nettos- the latter the plant be contaminated 'from that of among them of some kind of tree for
price than those from other sectionsof towering above thVformer, which give the frozen shoots or branches, an early shelter. Additional trees would in-
the State. Inquiries ,have fre- evidence by the vivid color of their death is quite certain.A volve additional expenses for manure, ;
quently been made with a view of leaves and the brightness of their simple precaution, and one that the trees should therefore be of such
ascertaining the cause of the reputed fruits that they enjoy the shade and may be looked on as an effectual preventive kinds as would afford some remunera-
superior qualities of these fruits, but protection thus afforded them. The from further injury to the tive crop. Peach trees and Japan persimmons .
answers to* these inquiries have not fruit from these groves is noted for frost-bitten, plant is to remove the might be tried, although an
been explicit or satisfactory. A recent fine appearance ancf' quality, and if injured twigs as promptly as practicable. evergreen tree would be more valua
visit in that section of the State, intermixed with Indian River" The longer this is delayed the ble. The Loquat, known in many
and a studied inspection of the soil, oranges the task of separating them deeper seated the injury becomes. The localities as Japan plum, having heavy
culture, and general condition, of orange would be difficult if not impractica diseased portions will exhibit a discol- foliage, would afford effective protec-
trees in places where the prod- oration in the wood, and all such tion; it is,also much hardier than the ,,
ucts were typical of the ,best ,results ble.The comparative freedom from rust parts should be removed. orange. Perhaps the olive tree mightbe
,of that region, resulted in the conviction on the fruit produced in groves where The following extract from a recent profitably employed. Of course
; that the superiority of,the fruit the trees are afforded protection is publication was communicated by a any trees used for this purpose wouldbe
was, primarily, owing to the shelteredand worthy of special notice. It is attributed well-known horticulturist. success- removed when their presence was
shaded,position of the_trees. The to the ravages of a minute in" ful,orange grower and is worthy of-:the no longer. required. I !t

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F Ji ;q{ i tr IE them with capitals as they deserve it. girls should not,have organs and learn Don't Sow Onion Seed Now. :
[Milks.] music ; those who have a talent for it Editor Farmer and Fruit-G rower:
Well, I have milked old Brindle ought to, and they ought to have We are daily receiving orders for
Practical Farm.Talks-No. 4.. and fed old Razor-back. She is the spinning-whee's and looms and wind- Bermuda onion seed, and we take this J
Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower;' best fed sow in Florida and she gets' ing-blades and knitting needles too. I opportunity to call the attention of all '1
I have just got up .from the table nothing but cantaloupes, watermelons, tell you. Mr. Editor,' hard 'times com planters to the fact that onion seed }
after eating, to my heart's content, one Boston, Marrow squashes, milk and menced when these things were laid bought and planted between now and '
of,the best Sunday dinners I ever ate i clabber, and slops from the kitchen, aside and the cry was heard in the October 1st will nine times out of
in my life-and I'm chicken, either.I and nut-grass. She has increased,so land, "we can buy everything cheaper ten prove a failure. We have madea
just had lots and there was not one you cannot tell whether she is higher than we can make'it," and it will con- note in our catalogue for 1891-92
single thing on the table to eat or lying down or standing up, she is no tinue hard times till that thing 'is re (which will be out in a short time)
drink that was boughten 'or 'transported razorback now-rather 'sway'backed. ,versed. ''If a man can make any- refusing to sell onion seed before
therefore there was no,trader,, Old ,Brindle i is coming along nicely. thing at all he can make it cheaper October 1st, for the reason that we
transportation company or otherper- I[ am sure'of a gallon night,and morn- than he can buy especially if he cannot furnish the new seed.until ,.
son who has'been made rich:'by whatwe ing soon. Cow peas make oats and borrows the money to do it. A full that time. Onion seed nine months ,
cODsumedto-day. oats.make'milk when fed' to a Florida suit of clothes may be mighty cheapat old has little value for planting herein
Now, sir, what do you think" I'had? cow and she'is cared for and milked $8.00-but suppose you have no I the South.Thousands. .
"Why, a big dish of fried chicken and properly. 'You don't want a great $ .00 to buy it-what then ? Your of people in Florida
another of young guineas, a roast of i big club in your hand to.make her women have nothing at home to makeit have been disappointed in the pur
.Florida kid".as savory e Rebecca give:down milk. for you, and you have no sheep to chase of onion seed every year, and
and Jacob fooled old Isaac with. Of Now, I want to shake hands with shear if they had-and there is no we believe that the time has come
vegetables, we had field corn, rice, Brother ,Adams on the cow-peas and carding mill to card your wool, if you when purchase of seed which has lit
tomatoes, cow'peas, beets, onions and oats question. I think a great deal had it. Now, what is to be done ? tle or no value should be stopped.We .
Florida crook necked; hard-shell more of him now than I did when I Why, cry out against the railroadsand have,refused to sell onion seed to
squash, and Irish potatoes as niceandmealy read his first letter, several years ago, monopolies and hurrah for a third any of our customers before October
as any potatoes raised in about making a living in Florida and party to regulate things. 1st. If they send us a general order
Maine; a pan of Jersey milk clabber: tellingabout: ? so many empty houses Col. Livingston told the truth whenhe before that date we hold the onion
with a surface of cream somethingless around Tangerine. And when he said it was not overproduction but order until that date. With that
than an inch thick, and a pitcherof squelched writer who told about under consumption which made hard method there will be 'no' disappointment
old Brindle's milk; cantaloupes,and getting many wagon 'loads of crab times. He ought to haVe gone
) watermelons, Kelsey plums and.jersey grass hay off of less than an acre,of f Further and said we buy too much of No matter how many houses adver- ,
cream-the best' fruit I ever'ate.. pine land, I began to think he, knew what we ought to produce ourselves. tise new crop onion seed during the ;
And right here, I want to' say the something about hay. Now,. ,Brother: The balance of trade is against us, latter part of summer they cannot
man who lives in Florida and has any Adams is'smart and I know it, :for and we haven't the cash to pay up furnish it, and the buyer will ,be fur
,wild plum trees on his farm and won't when I read his-what do you call and want the government to lend it to nished with almost worthless seed.
graft Kelsey plums into ,,them ought to it?-on cow-peas, I had, for a fact, H. G. HASTINGS.
be sent to'the Florida Legislature and to go and buy a dictionary to catch us.Now, I've got way off again. I Interlachen, Fla., July ts.StrawberriesMexican..
( made chairman of the Immigration up, with him. Now I make oats after started off to talk about living in Fior- e. Glover.
Commission and immigrate clear out cow'peas and lots oi' them, but I let ida, but I have rattled away until I'm Editor Farmer and Frmt-Grower S .
of the State.. He is the kind of a the peas rot on the ground and then afraid you won't put it all in if I keepon We are getting our ground ready
fellow who, talks about mortgaginghis sow two bushels of Texas red, rust- much more. So I will just con: by ploughing, manuring, etc., to set
land to the Government at two proof oats to the acre and plow' all elude by throwing, down the gauntletwith out some patches of strawberries. We
per cent. I will tell you more about under as deep as I can with y-inch the declaration that he who have found that acid phosphate 'is a
tt Kelsey plums when I -get 'done this twisters and sometimes with two. knows how to live and produce can "bad" thing to use on strawberries. :
I dinner business. horse plows.I live better in Florida and cheaper and No bad effect is noticed while the
Y There was one thing however I did have often heard of making: good more agreeably than he can anywhere weather remains dry, but after the
buy, and that was a ,little salt, ,and I crops of grain by sowing three pecks else-if he will. If he won't, first good rain the plants begin to :
swapped a watermelon for that. Red per acre, but"have never seen if,done. and expects to live on sow belly and l lose their leaves. They burn up. If
'pepper and vinegar were home-made I have,always,been afraid to try it, for grits and canned goods and mortgagehis the weather is 'dry again they recover '
t and, the, sugar-ahem !-I borrowed fear I would not know where to look land to the government for 2 percent only to be blasted again. It is the
from,a neighbor and to pay 'him ,had for them when I went to cut. On he had better stay where he is. caustic lime in the acid phosphatethat
,;, him eat dinner with me. Didn'thave: good strong land I sow as much as This is no place for him, he would actually is the cause of this. Lime should
any money and don't' :want any if I three bushels, sometimes, and, never starve to death and that wouldbe never be applied to strawberries.
:> have to borrow it from the government less than two and .one-half. Now I bad, for there is no place to bury Ground bone should be used, and I
t and pay two per cent. for it. don't say a farmer can't, make big him. I never heard of anybody being have no doubt that the untreated soft
f F ,It isn't democratic; its only the third crops of grain by sowing three pecks, sick around here and df course phosphate of your State is equally as '
if F, party people who want to do this but if he does he must be a farmer nobody ever died and was buried. good.. Kainite is also to be let alone,
;: Well, I guess that's ,about all-no, from way back-but then I am getting I've lived here for eight years, and if but does not always have a bad effect.
I.I" had some cheese-not limburgerdon't oft' again. there is a graveyard anywhere between Some varieties are affected more than
:? have that about. but just good I started to talk about living. I Ocala and Belleview, twelve miles, I others; this I found out by experi
i... oW-fashioned' cottage cheese, "smear hear so many people complaining,and never heard of it. So don't come here menting. The Bessie, Cloud and
'I' case;" smothered in cream. And, abusing Florida because of 'their not if that's 'your notion. If you want to, Hoffman after awhile fully recovered
:' what I had almost forgotten, 'a ,plate being ,able to. make a living. Now, come here _and raise stuff and live, and made a fair crop in the order
L of Florida corn bread, made. by my Mr.. Editor, I'm tired of' thiswasn'tborn you can't come too quick. But remember named. Alabama, Stevens, Neunan
Cracker Chef. And to'wash'this down tired like Tom, but just got so if you come, we don't want and all others did not get over the bad '
what do you reckon .I had? .Why, abid from so much ding longing about you to come expecting to live by effect and some finally died. After
bellied ,bottle of Serge Malyvan's "being oppressed and can't live-and bread alone, for! the Lord had higherand many years' experience I find that
I', orange wine, and'I say it is' the best Florida sand won't bring nothing andcan't better ,objects in view when He cottonseed meal is about the best and
wine made'in ''Florida. Now,if there get nothing- for it, and national made this delightful land and scattered safest manure to use on strawberries.
is.any other wine maker, who would banks ought to be broken up, and abroad in it' such grand possibilities of I have read with interest the differ
like to change' my opinion ,on, that government ought to run the railroadsand production and construction. Adam ent articles on growing cowpeas ,for t
subject, j just let' him ,make'the'Southern telegraphs and take a mortgage Eichelberger says it is wonderful ; it turning under. There is a.plant
Express Company a little richer my land. and, lend me money at 2 ,per just envelops him in a cloud when he I growing here which I think would boa "
by, sending'me a bottle of his choice. cent." Now,. what do you suppose thinks of it Still, to produce grand good thing for the orange' groves, as
Now, Mr. ,Editor; I just feel good; such people would do with the money ? results one must be well fed on palat it does not run like cow peas. It 1S
glad I am,alive and live in Florida Seven-tenths; of them would go right able food, and it is a sin to have any called Mexican clover here. Its botanical .
'But then I am full and want 'to'rest; straight, to a music store ,and buy other kind when it is so easily attain name is Ruhardsonia &c&rat I
am tired, not, however, 'like Tom an;organ for their daughter instead of able in Florida.C. and according to the Agricultural Department .
Sawyer, .for he'was born tired., Ugly a sp inning-wheel. Are you old enoughto VV. CAMPBELL, Sr. it is equal to red clover as
4 born children always improve with institute a 'comparison between the Campobello Plantation,Ocala. hay and for improving the soil. It.k
;age and get pretty, bat'Tom, he just graceful motion and the happy cheerful -.. an annual and self seeder, growing on
holds his owns .face of the girl who. presided at the Many Persons are broken the poorest kind of land. We make
Well I must go and,drive, up the spinning-wheel half a century ago,, down from overwork or household ores hay' of it here and can readily cfepe e
cows aad milk old Brindle :'and:feed,1,1t' and her who grinds'out'organ"; music Brown's Iron Bitters Rebefld therystem of our surplus at $15 per.'k>n.
.aids excess ofbne.
: old Ra&r bIck.' You see ':I-:honor ,to-day ? Now, I don't mean to say and cures'malaria.digestionemorei.. td'.the aeaaLoe- JULIUS SCHNADELBACH.
'" : SSI Grand Bay,Ala.,July n. r1i. ': _

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,, !LT. ,.30,18911' '/Y. ,, THE ,FLORIDA' DISPATCH' ,' FARMER, AND FRUIT-GROWER.. s' GO; j
::: ...
Old Strawberry .Beds.BdKor close down'beside the plant; i it will what is.jqite likely to become erelonga peared. It is,in no sense wise to de-
'-' Farmer and Fru1< J. see' it so often stated 'in,agricultural plant. Cover this with..the cultivatorthe Look at our capability for fruit pro- of the past; but it is wise to seek
journals that old strawberry beds. second time going through, ,and it duction-what an immense quantitythis straightway to repair matters and bring ..
t will not do, to depend upon, 'that,I will give the plants a fine startVe: State is able to grow were'' the about better results at the earliest date
cannot .refrain from asking you the do not advise the use of cottonseed production fitly developed. r speak possible. Forty years' experience in
reason for,. such assertions., .I. have meal any more it is excellent to.start advisedly when I state that Jackson agriculture and horticulture permitsme
:not,had very great success, I mustad. plant"growth., but: it is not advisableto ville alone now wants one thousand to speak with some confidence as
mit; I only made last year about.ISO use it too near fruiting time. bushels of figs and cannot get,the half to the.general want of such an insti
: quarts per acre. Yet my plants,. except In some parts of the State strawberries part of her wants. tution,and its field of usefulness whenin
two.acres; were set last September can, be grown: with success and We must look more largely to pre good working shape and fitly
,and October, and .I'' thought.the profit the first season, but the ensuing serving our fruit products.! This increases handled. It ought to be of more
i old plants, one .y-w,old, did as.,wellas summer,the plants nearly all die nut. labor and brings much larger profit annually to the''' farmers of
the new ones. This'year I: have When this is the case it is best to plow returns as to prices. An experimental Florida; than is its yearly cost or out
kept six.,acres of my old plants clean the beds up and reset out and put ; it farm, if it is worth the name it bears lay. Otherwise it is a burden and of
and expect to keep.off' all runners, takes less, work and less expense. should take up such lines ,of practical these we have too many already.A. .
fertilize, in September and, October When plants have been,, kept clean outcome not only as to fruit growthbut F. BOYCE.
and keep thoroughly 'worked. all summer, you must be careful not the same as to other products Jacksonville, Fla.,,
My rows are. two feet :wide, the to fertilize them too early, else they wheresoever applicable. In a hundred I
'plants twelve 'inches in drill. The will get too forward and suffer: a back ways could a well.directed State farm I I oul
l land is,high pine land and I. am not set.ab ut. the time they ought to be subserve the interests and inure to the :tt1.Poisonous .
yet prepared to irrigate them, and.pos setting blossoms. They should simplybe benefit of the farmers and fruit growers -
sibly, on account :of ,means, may,not kept alive and healthy until the gardeners and fibre'growers. We ,Medicines,
be.able to do so this year. I. expectto last of September; then they may be are daily confronting the.question con Edit.r farmer and Frolt-Orowerj
make a, new set of two acres on put to work for the season's yield. cerning the value of middling and low The use of Nux Vomica to get rid
'previously well manured land, which The plants above mentioned, which grade phosphates, and what are we of jiggers or hawks, we consider a
would not.do but I see so:much relative we. run three years, 'were not touchedfor doing to practically test the matter? dangerous remedy, and its use oughtnot
to old beds.not. doing well)l'that over three months in the, summer, It must not be expected that we to be ,encouraged. It is a deadly
1 am fearful to some extent depend: not a stroke of work done in the can learn all that ,we would like to poison and only one sixth of a grainis
upon them. I am justified in Carry- patch. The grass killed ten or fifteen know about these things in a year or necessary to kill a dog.Ve knowit
ing them over by,what you say in your per cent of them, in some places two, for,the,field of study is a vast one.. is used quite extensively in the rural
letter to Country Gentleman, 1888: "It twenty, and these we 'e reset-ED. But what hinders us from making districts up in Georgia, but that is no
is estimated'' here that. ,old plants will I- .1- good progress irom month to month evidence, because it does not kill the
yield one-half more on an average The State Experimental Farm. and from year to year? Useful infor- chickens outright, that it is not harm
than new ones," but possibly time.has Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: mation to beginners is one of the chief ful. It is a slow poison and will makea
changed your'.ideas.' No one knows so well as the,editorof aims of a practical school, or .institution flock degenerate very fast if its use
I am aware of the fact that I .am a strictly agricultural journal how ,of this kind; for the object of is persisted in. Their constitutionswill
r trespassing, 'upon your time and.my many persons are inquiring what crops any reasonable line of experiments soon break and other diseases
only excuse; that.;I am, very anxiousto they can grow and rely upon for live- should ever be to set forth the way to will follow. I would not buy stock
succeed: this business, both as a lihood. The uncertainty of satisfactory .. avoid mistakes, losses, and to reach, of parties who make. practice of
matter of pride and, from a business results is so great that thousandsare as uniform ally as possible, the best using poison of any kind. Fowls
standpoint, and hope you will bear burdened in mind what to plant results. Suppose some visitor of good will and do deteriorate fast enough if
with me and give,'me,all.the information how to, plant, and some even when to. intelligence should ask of you or me all the means possible are used to improve -
|. you can. If I:have,not described plant. The wideawake journalist, is next March why we had no lambs for them.
[p situation write 'to.me again and .I the best informed person among us sale on our markets, what answer Only a few years ago Douglass
will give,more plainly the.details., upon these matters and yet at times could we give ? Cou d we state thatit Mixture was used by nearly everyone
,' 'W. H. CRAWFORD.- he finds it not a little perplexing to did not pay to raise them ? What who kept poultry in large numbers,
,Panasoffkee, Fla., answer all the inquiries propounded then could we answer? Perhaps our but now it is a thing of the past. The
In reply,to,this we will give a little and gladly would he avail himself of answer: would be, we could not tell following we clip from the Poultry
3 personal experience. The first year the careful experiments of a well-con what to think, of it. And thus it is Keeper which shows how harmful it is. '
, we had two acres, scant measure, in ducted State farm. To-day we are with scores of products, we cannot tell E.V.. AMSDEN.
strawberries and'.shipped. 180 bushels, puzzled to answer the question what whether they would pay to grow or Ormond-on-the-Halifax, Fla.,July 31.
5,760 quarts; the second year, the grasses will grow in the light sandy not, nor are we ignorant beyond other Mr. G. W. Harris, of Lynn, Mass.,
\,', same,plants, with a very slight :addition soil of this State. We know crabgrassand men.Ve need' just such a State in the N. E. Fancier, thus shows the
-'f' making a little, over': two acres, crowsfoot and Bermuda grass and farm as we now have at Lake City,. effects of Douglass Mixture. The
yielded 205 ,bushels, .560) quarts;j.th some other kinds will grow very well, and we require, at the hands of the mixture was "boomed" for years,
t&r'd' year, ,the same plants.again, with but we want to know more about the trustees that it shall be so conductedas when it finally was denounced by the
enough added to make, nearly three matter; for the question is not a smill: to afford the people reasonably correct Poultry Keeper, since which time others -
acres, turned 00332' bushels, 10,624) one. Can we grow our own hay cheaper information upon several lines ot have found our opinions regardingit
q 4 rts." That is ,to say, these amounts than we can buy it from the North? farm and soil products. Is there any to be correct. Mr. Harris says:
wiresapped, to say nothing ol the Can we make the butter and cheesewe good reason why the State farm shouldnot A great'many of the breeders thinkit
" scoresof'bushels that rotted on the need cheaper than we can purchasethe acquaint us with the matter as to strange that P. H. Jacobs, of the
: : pants ;after" the shipping season was same from the North? And thereare .whether palmetto roots can be used Poultry Keeper, should say anything
: oyer. To'secure these yields we gave scores of just such questions yet advantageously in tanning leather, or against the Douglass' Mixture, whichis
.: the plants very thorough culture andfro to be answered somewhat more con not? Can it not tell us what forest composed of sulphuric acid
i $60,to.$ worth, of commercial clu ively than in the past. tree we can plant with some degreeof (oil of vitriol) and sulphate of iron,
fertilizer. per acre.We A well conducted State agricultural assurance that profit may come green; vitriol. Well, let's see how near
..could not.recommend the aver station ought to develop a line of prac- therefrom? Who can tell whetherthe Brother Jacobs is right. In the U. S.
age grower' .to:keep his plants over two tical results setting forth more clearly black-walnut tree will make a Dispensatory, on page 1148, it says of
y eats.. The:grassshould be cleaned some certain facts regarding many reasonably large growth in our light sulphate of iron that.in large doses its
I out,sufficiently' early in September arm nod garden, (fruit and fibre prod soil or not ? Or whether it is probablethe apt to, produce nausea, vomiting,
I the laet.of ,,August,so..that. the missingplaces ucts. :The day is at hand when the Eucalyptus! will be worth the at griping and purging, and its u e, when
I may be refilled,. but it is not i idea of an intensive sys'em of ..armmghuuld tempt to, grow ? A State farm could long continued, injures the stomach.A .
advisable to give' the' final clean up be carefully elucidated. This give a fair conclusion to a thousand its effect is chiefly that of an astringent
and begin cultivation until the latter bring us direct to the question: of huw reasonable inquiries on the lines in. it c.nnot be used with.advantage -
part of September. If the:spaces are much icrtilizing element we may find ditated above, and if its progresswere to improve the quality of the
'wide, enough)to' .admit;, a, .horse, stir it economical to apply.; but moderate, that it was. re* lood.Taken in an overdose it acts
th..em.deep with .a.-.Planet'Jr.: cultivator The question ol fibre plant growthor liab em,in its workings and did serve to asa poison. Brother Jacobs is right;
;;' it not, prong-hoe three' or lour profit is i just now beginning, to en. l lead the farmer ,onM-d,,safely it then it is a-hard: dose for poultry to thriveon
inches, deed, not'only, in .t the paths hut gage attention, and we. know >o lIttle would receive our t-t.tmnendation. especially little chicks. I want to
I : between the plants in the row. Then concerning the matter that it i is hardly: Tnere is no doubt} of its practical say the Golden Essence advertised in .It
run a wheel-hoe (Q le's.:g rden.I plowis safe' for us to go forward except it be utility when properly equipped and'' this paper contains no sulphate of.
i good) about twice !in each; spate tobreak by the most gradual steps, 'and this 'rightly managed. The means now iron and nothing that would injure a
I the soil up.still finer, and throwa under crude experiments lest we lose' available .seem sufficient to warrant human being., Good reports are corn.ing .

i :small. handful- 'of* :cottonseed*r,. >*.
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flLOFUDAMSPATCH (one this issue, another two weeks ago)' Now For the World's Fair. I Our''Book Table.

I- Owa two letters, written at our request, There ought to be about twenty- "The nursery b okby L. ,H.

t V RMERYFal s. t..nu? one from Monticello, the other ,from five "rousing" county' onventions in Bailey; Rural Publishing Company,

Thomasville, showing the falsity of Florida in the interest of the Colum- N. YThis contains 304 pages, 96
JULY 30, 1891. devoted to general instructions, the
this bian Exposition fund. Of course,
STEPHEN: POWERS Editor.. reportWe remainder to "the nursery list," a
P. O.Address, Lawtey,Fla. p. I .there will have to be a certain am'ount.of sort of dictionary of horticultural bot
call attention to the published padding in the shape of resolutions, any. The instructions herein given,
Member of Florida.Press- Association. report of the First National ,Bank of etc., and while the committee is "rais- with the abundant illustrations, are so

Affiliated with National Editorial. Florida, the "old reliable bank,"- in ing the tune" in this sort of thing, minute and practical that a careful

Association. this i issue. Without any noise aboutit let each county have two or three student of this little book could hardlygo

Publications Received. this bank has paid its stockholdersover good old-fashioned Methodist parsonsto astray, that is, in the Northern "
"raise.the wind," just as they woulddo States. He would find it a complete
U. S. Department of Agriculture;,What is Forestry '$Iooooo, in dividends and has
the dedication of church.
on a new manual 'of the latest
?by B. E. Fernow. Aso. Digest of the An- prac-
nual Report of the Agricultural Experimental now in surplus and undivided profits Now, gentlemen, who will set down tices in the "multiplication and pollination -

: Stations. Also, Crop Report for July., The latter some-$56ooo more than its capital. his name for one thousand dollars on. of plants." Prof. Bailey ex- p
contains,an instructive account of the "credit this paper?" Next, let the call be for pressly disclaims any attempt toward
unions" for the benefit of the poor In Germany. If as rumored, the F. C. & P. five hundred dollars, etc. But don't a discussion of any of the ultimate
Transactions of the Massachusetts Horticultural ?

Society, 1889. Railroad Company should build' a ask any man for fifteen cents for the results or influences of these methods,"

Georgia Crop;Report? for July. ,_ competing line from Callahan to Sa- celebration of the discovery of Amer- in other words, he simply and very
Louisiana Crop Report for June.Florida ica by Christopher Columbus. The plainly and,fully tells the novice howto
Immigration, an' address to County vannah, thence connecting with the poor man's wife and children, need do everything, but does not tell
Commissioners, etc.,,by P..Irsch. Richmond & Danville via Columbia that ,
-_ money.- him whether'he had better do any
What One Advertiser Says.A S. C., it would give Florida two all- --- particular thing or' not. In Florida, .

firm who do not wish their name rail outlets to the North and could Shipping: Peaches.On I I of course, we should expect to find
another page we present two some things lacking in the book andso
to be published say in'a recent letter: : hardly fail to be of marked benefit to. letters different ,
giving results
very there, are, especially in the chapteron
"Of course, we desire to reach the the shippers.. reached by two growers in shipping budding.Prof. .

leading growers of Florida, and for PSI" peaches. One shipped the Peento Bailey coins several words, as

this purpose the FARMER AND FRUIT, i Messrs. Haynes, Young & Bailey and the Honey, which are very fine buddage, layerage, cuttage, which we
I send with their compliments' a basketof fruit but difficult and both
GROWER is worth a hundred cent. tQ ship I do not quite like and for 'whose exis-
per in the admirable of which have been practically dis- '
Niagara grapes, tence we do not recognize any neces-
more to us than any other 'paper in wire-spring package which .insures carded as market peaches by most sity. For instance, grafting is sup-
the State." in North Florida. The other
growers posed to the operation in
I. perfect condition on arrival. The represent
shipped a seedling of the Peento, a the and in the 'abstract
Neither the hard nor the,soft phos concrete, graftage -
Niagara is too well known to need de
delicious peach and not so difficult to ; but Prof. bailey does not keep
phates have to be "burned"; this is a scription. Some of the,bunches were ship as its parent. this distinction always in mind him-

misnomer; they require: nothing but a: superb, square-shouldered and tapering The first sent his fruit over the At- self. Thus, 'on p. 65, he says: "Graft- '

thorough drying. i almost with the symmetry of a lantic Coast Dispatch, nominal time age may be divided into three general
.S*- four days, actual time often seven divisions between which however
The fine flavor has suffered ,
Thanks for an elegantly 'engraved pear. days, charges bout 75 cents a bushel. there are no decisive lines of separation -
invitation to attend the commence- very little from their lateness in ripen- The other shipped by express, time : i, Bud-grafting or budding,

ment exercises of the White Spring ing this year. about two days or less; charges about etc." To carry out the distinctionwith
3.85 a bushel. Yet the shipper who which he started out he should
Normal School and Business College. A ''number of orange growers' at laid these enormous charges made have used here the word bud-graftage.

July 30 and 31.: Riverside, California, last year became money handsomely, because his fruit This coining of unnecessary words, a
eWe arrived in such fine condition that it
dissatisfied with their local packersand however, is a secondary matter, onlya
have reason to believe that the
sold for $12 bushel while the other
; small blemish on a very useful and
paragraph headed *"Pleasant{ Work 'shippers and formed an organization actually lost money. Both shippers, valuable manual.

for Women", inserted in the Rural; among themselves to consign their appear ro have. pacKea their fruit well.t '
fruit to certain points in the East. Surely such facts do not require much "The New Potato Culture" by E.;
Home department for June 4, emanates comment. S. Carman, Rural Publishing Company -

from a swindling concern. The result was.very unsatisfactory in Dr. ,Skinner complains of the absence N. Y. Every reader of farm
I many cases. The California Fruit has read of the potato ri.
of refrigerator'cars on the railroads papers exp ,x
A writer in a Northern paper of Grower says: leading North from Florida. ments instituted by the editor of the

high repute says that if the tap-root ofa "The market became badly demoralized The refrigerator cars on the transcon.. Rural New Yorker, the author of the f

cabbage plant is doubled 'up in'set a heavy break in prices tinental roads are owned and operatedby book; and in it we ,have a consecutive -

ting the plant will grow: stalky and and a general unsatisfactory conditionof a separate company ; the railroads history of those experiments, with
their from failure
steady progress ,
have nothing whatever to do with up
head well but if the is
not ; root set affairs was the result. Shipmentsby
to Mr.
a magnificent success. Car-
them except to haul them for a fixed
down perfectly straight the cabbage our regular packers were made to price per car. The same company man claims to,be originator of the.

will head in good shape. compete side by side with the ship operate their cars on the roads leading "trench system" of potato planting, Y.
m ments of individual throughthe out of Florida earlier in the sea to which a large share of his remarkable -
The annual report of the Florida growers son, transporting strawberries, tender results are attributable) and we i
State Normal and Industrial Collegefor( co-operative plan. California'ranges vegetables 'and hammock oranges. are quite willing to concede him the' '
were thus brought into competition honor but wish he had called it "
The which is
colored students) states that the,diseaseof refrigerator charge, en: '
corn known as, "frenching" is with themselves in nearly tirely separate from the railroad charge, some other name. The word trench''
every market of the East. The com- is 69 cents on a bushel of strawberries conveys to the American farmer an
caused by the presence of protosul- idea of something involving a l large
petition was of the sharpest kind, through to New York, but only
phate of iron in the soil. This produces very 15 cents on a crate of oranges. These amount of hard hand-labor, some'
a sourness which should be corrected "consigned goods against goods cars ply between Florida and the thing English in its'painstaking precision il'

by the, application of lime bought and paid for," proving in north in the winter and spring, but in and it rather repels him for that
nearly every instance a most damag. the early summer they- withdraw to I reason. It really means nothing but

There is a good, deal of misinformation -: ing competition. It had the effect of California to engage in the transcontinental deep planting, since the "trenches"
required can be easily run out with
now-a-days as to the prevalenceof depressing the market and prices to traffic.
the, plow.Ve .
Now we have not the slightest doubt
blight in the' LeConte pear tree. the extent of crippling packers and' that when enough peaches are produced \ have not had time to read this .

The latest story is that, contained in shippers, compelling them to with ''in Florida to justify it, these little book through, but we have read

the Louisiana SlIgarBtnlJfrom.a correspondent draw from' the field and refuse to make refrigerator cars or some others will enough to,learn that it is ,of great

who starts .out by saying, further purchases. The result of this', be run to transport them. Until that practical value, and especially to the .
truck farmers of Florida
"The LeConte action is that number of time comes growers must, as Mr. '
pear trees are dyingall a large growers i '
planting lrisn'P9t o is of so
Knox suggests, grow such fine peachesand ,,
over the country." We do not : not been able to dispose of much importance.' ,-
put them up so nicely that they ..
know how this may be in. 'Louisiana,' their crops which, remain upon the. can be able to pay the onerous express "The: New Onion.Culture//;' fT.Greiner .tZ;

but our columns have. lately contained .trees unsold.,. ., charges and t still make a profit. ,. LaSalJef,.> N.- Y. A pamphlet. ... Y
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of 62: pages' "which tells h'ow'to Ol' ONS.-It is too early to plant for a cherties. 400 per pound;appricots.: 300 per dozen; blue use Prussian blue (ultramarine blue

grow 2,000 bushels per acre."; It fs market crop, but a few may be sown to 5 California to 150 each.plums, 10 to isc per dozen- ;pineapples, will not do with lime), for yellow use

almost be, transplanted for home use. Transplanting chrome
as interesting as a novel, and, SAVANNAH, GA.,July 28. yellow.
will she
to their considerable
In fact fear it a CoTToN-The market 156. KAFFIR CORN, ALFALFA,eta
we partakes _somewhatof : was quiet at the decline.
and it will Plant the red
paj. There was some demand in moderate Kaffir
a way. W. L. S., Arcadia, Fla. corn
the character of a novel in the and white Bermuda. Make the drills The sales for the day were 62 bales. On 'Changeat should be earlier than common
enormous yield which it holds out as about foot apart Give a'generous dose the regular midday call,at i pm., the marketwas
bulletined quiet and steady at a decline of corn, and millo maize later. H. G.Hastings
an.inducement to the reader. But of fertilizer, and then double it. i-i6c in all grades. The following are the official Interlachen, Fla., has issued a pamphlet -

there is about the methods PEAS.-For peas plow the land foot spot quotations cf the Cotton Exchange: on Kaffir corn. Alfalfa, never has
romance deep' if possible and fertilize liberally, i Good middling, 8 i-i6c:; middling, 75'Cj; low
described; they .are correct in mixing well with the soil. Plant the middling. 6 15-160' :;good ordinary,6$ordinary; succeeded in South Florida, but there are
5Jic: men who still believe it would if abund-
theory and practice. The great se- peas in drills at least six inches deep. RICE--The market continues quiet and firm at' antly supplied with water. It flourishesin

cret of this "new method" of onion Bliss' Everbearing and the American quotations' ,but with no transactions reported dur- California, and there it is sometimes
ingtheuayThe! following are the official quota-
culture is simply transplanting. This Wonder are good varieties. Have' two tions of the BoanLof Trade job lots are }i to ye" : flooded with water two inches deep. A
rows about nine inches apart, and these higher
: should be trimmed to
entails camphor one
a large amount of extra labor, two about two feet apart. If the frost Pair,sc;good 5yc; prime 5c. Rough nom- trunk
b but, ,as the authorshows, it results in kills the bloom that crop of peas is lost, inal, country lots, $LOS to $i.ia#; tide water, if you want it for ornament; if
$ to$ not, let it at its leas-
t.35 MO. you may grow
a very great increase, both in the but the plants, if well fertilized, will put ST. LoUlsuty & ure. _To make it keep to_one trunk J you

quantity and: the quality of'the yield., out another crop. PEARS-In large-supply and rather slow sale. will have to be constantly rubbing .offside
LETTUCE. Sow the Prize Head and
and abundantly for the added Choice varieties meet with a very fair demand, shoots.
repays Curly Simpson, and ,transplant one foot but offerings chiefly of small, hard and rather
e labor. With the proper changes in apart in'the rows, having applied fertil- green fruit, for which there was not much of a 157. PUMPS. A. F. W., Archer.

dates and in' varieties of onion this izer in the hill beforehand. When culti- demand. Consignments of common to choice varieties Write for the circular of Vanduzen &
sold at (@ M'bu box, 3o@6oc
25 500 per : per
Tilt Cincinnati Ohio also to H.A.Burt
little book would be useful 11n Florida i vating strew, little around each plant.. *-bu basket and at$3@4 per bbl. Home-grown ; ,
CAULIFLOWER.-Sow the Early Snow all at a range of 75CI.5o per bu. The express Jacksonville, Fla., for terms and particulars -
Ball and cultivate charges for the LeConte pears from Florida are of his new patent water-lifter. Men-
Work for August. same as cabbage; give so high that it does not pay to rend them here. tion this
fertilizer liberally. Cover from frost. Alabama LeConte (received by freight) sold slowat paper.
August i is a hot, month. Heavy showers TOMATOES are uncertain in the fall, but $i per bu box. 158. FERTILIZERS FOR ONIONS. I

beat down the soil and wash out the worth trying for. ,Plant in hills four GRAPES-We note a liberal increase in the arrivals have some muck land analyzing 3 per

seed unless is protected. Old corn and feet apart, with fertilizer in the hill, and and there was a fair demand for choice.Broken .. cent. ammonia which I intend plantmg

fertilizer sacks answer a good purpose ; give also some around the plant two or slow sale bunches, however.,green or Arkansas otherwise Hartford inferior very and to onions. Do you advise an applicationof

rip them open and'sew four or five together three times during cultivation. Cot- Ives' seedling sold at 3o@4oc per o-lb basket, 40 soft phosphate and sulphate of potash?

in a strip, stick stakes on each tonseed meal is good. sac per*-bu!box, 7sc@Ji.per 4-basket crate and If so please state quantity of each per
side of the row at intervals,and spread $i@f 1.23 per 6-gal case; choice varieties in IRISH POTATOES.-The Ohio boxes at Texas
Early or 45@soc Niagara 6o6sc per
the these foot
strips on a or so from the
9"Jb basket. Tennessee Concord at 40C and Perkins ammonia-W. STOGDON, Narcoossee. '
Rose be and will
Early can planted they
ground. In a'dry time it is & good planto at -lb basket. Delaware
3o@3sc per? at$1.5o Of the soft phosphate you may put on
stand better chance of in aheadof
board ten inches a getting @|2 -gal case.
lay a eight or wide per all you choose, it will do no,harm. Trya
flat on the 1p'9und over_ the seed ; this the frost than the tomatoes will. ORANGES-Steady, with only a. fair trade. A few beds.or 'rows at the rate of three
Throw them under the trees to Mexican received.
will collect moisture and hasten green car new
germin- and sprout two weeks; they will throw California-Mediterranean sweets,large, $3 7S tons per acre. But you had better use
ation, but it must be watched carefullyand @4l: medium sizes, $4.2504.50; Mexican (new bone meal for your main dependence,
raised a few inches'as. soon as the out short, stout, warty sprouts which are crop), 14; fiodi. Imperial, $4,so@s, zoo-size, $5 simply experimenting with the soft phos--
nOt easily broken off in handling. Every
first plants appear. All coverings shouldbe that has.vitality will sprout, the others 5.50.Ginocchio Bros. &Co. yesterday received the phate, though we have much confidencein
removed late'in the afternoon so as eye first car load new cropMexican oranges. They the latter. Of the bone meal use at
will This will
not. enable
to give the the dew. you to se- sweet, of color and about the best
plants were good are the rate of a ton per acre; two tons per
Too much care cannot be exercised in cure a good stand, which is so difficult to flavored oranges on the market. This house is
would be
do in summer or fall planting. Use the about the only one in the city that handle Mexican acre better if you think you
the selection of seed. It is not safe to culls of last spring's fruit in large quantities, and they expect to could afford it. Of the sulphate of pot-
buy those that are,sold on commission hi"the crop. handle a train often cars every week,beginning ash use 800 pounds per acre. We advise
stores ; good fresh seed of last Insects are apt to be very troublesomein August i. Most of the fruit wm be distributed to liberal it and
years manuring; onions require
the fall. The best remedy is Paris leading markets of the country.-Post Dis
should be obtained
growth from
regular patch. will pay for it if well cultivated.
dealers, if possible. The Alabama De- green. Put a teaspoonful in a bucket of .
partment of Agriculture made eleven water or a garden sprinkler; and keep.it 5S1

tests of cauliflower seed one year old and constantly stirred while it is being sprin- QUESTIONS AND REPLIES. Grapes from West Florida.

found 82.91 per cent sound, but in six kled over the plants. The leaves shouldbe Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower:
,All reasonable questions,coming from a subsoil
tests of seed one year older only 60.07 slightly moistened with the mixture: her I sent today a sample of the
,will be answered as promptly aa possible If addressed you
all over, in order to give the depredatorsa
per cent. germinated. to the editor at Lawtey. Ives and the Delaware The
dose when they begin to eat them on grapes.
A rich compost heap is a great help-in Replies can not be siren by mallWWWWWw
whatever it be. Delaware is little too ripe would
making a garden, but commercial fertilizers part may Cutworms are a ;
the hardest to fight. Often the thing have them but called
to all who can afford them, are only 152. KOLA. Mrs. G. H. P., Maitland.The sent sooner was
equally as good and in some respects bet- that can be done is to handpick them at article from the Cheshire County away by the sickness of my daughter.I .

ter. Buy only those of known reputationand night with a lantern the, especially after News was taken from the Tropical Agriculturist had a fine crop of gropes this year,
midnight During day they are in
which derive their ammonia from do know the i
not writer's
hiding. Their tough skins are proof ; we and the flavor can't be beat in the
sulphate of ammonia or nitrate of soda, address. Mr. G. M. Dobbins, of Davenport '
against most external A State or even in the North. This
potash from high of applications.
,grade sulphate pot- Polk County, has procured and '
ash, and phosphoric acid from bone mixture,of one part Paris green to five planted some of these nuts; he may be section of the State is fine for grapes,

phosphate, though ground soft phosphate of wheat flour will sprinkled around the base able to give you some information. and a large amount will be put out in
of the plant sometimes catch them.
be with much
may applied which will benefit to Tie or pin a piece of stiff paper around 153. KOLA NUT. G. I. G., Gaines- this section. Orders are coming in
need it
vegetables specially boro Fla. See above. for vines and I will extend vine
for two or three months, better, before the plant; it will soon rot off and not my
hand. hurt the plant any. A strong decoctionof 154. ORANGE DISEASE. J. D. B., yard. I have had good sale for mineat
tobacco will do the business for most Hawthorn Fla. The State
SEEDBEDS.--Seeds sown 'In boxes of Entomologistsays 20 cents a pound.
rich earth and kept a foot or more above beetles and bugs. A weak brine will : "The leaf shows a fungoid growth, The County Fair is located here
generally drive off the cabbage worms. perhaps a glceosporium, but not fully developed ,
the ground will be, the best for such
vegetables as will bear transplanting, as Keep crops very clean; break the crust ; and really these things in Florida and we intend to make it a success if

ants and other 'vermin will not molest after every rain.Markets have not received the attention they work will do it.Ve did not make a

the plants one-fourth. much as they deserve." success shipping melons, but hope to

willwhere they are on the ground. These 'for Florida Produce. 155. WHITEWASH. C. W. S., Fa- do better next year. Crops are good.

boxes should be watered mghtand morning vorita, Fla. We hand you the following, Please let me know what you think of

even_ if it rains! occasionally, because WHOLESALE PRODUCE. which is for the common whitewash the
if .it is not made a regular chore it will such as has been used in governmentwork grapes.
be neglected once in 'a while. Save all JACKSONVILLE July 29. for generations: Take half a peckof Gait, Fla.

the old tin cans, unsolder them and tie Correct by Thos.Nooney ft SoUL quicklime, slake, and add water to A good many of the grapes had

them together with a string, fill them fancy New 360 potatoes lemons,,$box*.75,;$4.50 New;bananas York cabbage,bunch,.$iac i.as; make a paste. Pass through a sieve. dropped off the stems, owing to the

a with rich earth and transplant into them to$r.75; peanuts, fancy,6c per pound; peanuts, Then add four quarts of fine salt dissolved over-ripeness, but enough remainedon
such plants as are benefitted by a second',! extra,sc per pound; pecan nuts, isc per pound; in boiling water. Some add to
Almonds, i7c per pound; B. walnuts, ifcperlb.; to show their quality. They are
made of of rice .
When wish to plant in the this hot pound
a paste
moving. you Brazil nuts, 8c:per lb.; hens,full-grown,30 to 550; smaller than the Chas-
garden take the can to the place;: dig chickens, half-grown, 15 to 250; eggs, isc per flour'and one-fourth pound of glueand I magnificent
your hole, cut the string and plant the dozen; Mott's apple dder, $4.25 per keg; Mott's onefourthpound whiting in five quartsof selas and Niagara of Central and
without the roots. peach cider, $5.75 per keg; onions, barrel $.c; water. After standing for their skins
ball of earth disturbing onions crates, $1.50; cocoanuts $4 per hundrcranberries d; boiling a South Florida, but are
TuR. PS.-Plant pne row each of White $4 per crate; turnips, $a per barrel; week it is strained and boiled and put on thinner and free from astringency,
Egg and Early Milan. The former lathe. 'beet, $3 'per barrel; carrots, $3.50 per barrel; hot. The lime and salt without any of
sweetest and whitest we have ever tried parsnips, $3 per barrel; celery, 750' per dozen; the other ingredients will make a good and the flavor is racy and piquant,
eggplants, $.50 per barrel. Peach cider, $5.25
and remains good the longest. Cultivatethe per keg; grape cider, $S.SO per keg; California wash fairly durable. The salt combines thetrue vinous flavor.-ED..

R smile as radishes. grape luice. Jj per keg; peaches, $3 to $3.50 per with the lime and forms an insoluble SSS

SALSIFY is a very good vegetable and compound which does not readily rub Some of our Columbia county early

will, like the carrot, last through the Sea-. RETAIL VEGETABLES AND FRUITS. off and which- stands the weather much peach-growers realized as high as $10

son. Plant the White French and the Corrected by Haasa Br ..Jacksonrllle.. better than plain lime wash. It must bushel box for the' first shipmentsthis
Sandwich Island Mammoth. be remembered that the lime alone has agreat per
Irish potatoes ice per quart or sac per peck; Of late attentionhas
BEANS are rather problematical the new sweet potatoes 400 per peck; onions, toe per preserving action upon wood, and season. more
fall, owing to the danger of frost. But quart, or hoc:,per peck; turnips, yellow' 500 per a board once whitewashed is not injuredby been paid to peach culture in this
if the chancesare peck; beets, 6oc per peck; cabbageTsc to isc per the weather nearly as much as thoughit these
early in August head; tomatoes, sc.per quart; eggplant, 5 to isc section, and encouraged by
very much in their favor. Try the each; radishes,sc per bunch,3 lot*xoc; garlic, 2oc had never been protected. This protecting prices the growers will go into the
Early Valentine and the Early,Mohawk. per ''pound; cauliflower, 10 to aoc; peas, sc per action goes on even when the
Never hoe or work when wet with dew quart; string bean, 50 per quart; peaches, 150 original whitewash has entirely disap- business more extensively. 6 tt
per quart; watermelons, 10 to asc;musk melons,
or rata, s to isc; LeConte pears, toe per quart; California peared.. For red use Venetian red, for Plant,

'1; ..
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kept the Jamestown people from starve Having found a stick. Zabriskie labor- croaks out, "Oh, it ain't a bit of good '*
Our youn Foll\s. ing. In one df these trips two of his ed up the stairs. He had just reached It pretends to sew, holding a little piece .
, men were killed, and he was, made cap- I the top when a tongue of flame leaped of cloth,underneath the claw which restson
..; tive, and led from tribe to tribe a pris out of the bedrooms and,nearly touchedhis the perch, and going through all the
How Jamestown Was_ Settled; oner. But he managed so well that face. With a savage growl Gyp motions with the other. getting into difficulties
After the total disappearance of Powhatan, the head chief of about sprang at the flame and snapped at it, I with the thread and finally set-
Raleigh's second colony, many years pas thirty tribes, set him free and sent him and then he ran to the door where Mr. ting up a loud song in praise of sewing
sed before another attempt was made.In back to Jamestown. It was in this cap- Blake's children were, and,scratching at machines, just as if it were an adver
1602 Bartholomew Gosnold tried to tivity that he made the acquaintance of it, whined piteously.Zabriskie tisement. His best performance is whenhe
plant a colony on the island of Cuttyhunk, Pocahontas, a daughter of Powhatan.She cried out to Mrs. Blake that imitates a hawk. He reserves this
in Buzzard's Bay. If this'had succeeded, was then about ten years old, and the house was on fire, and then with rare piece of acting until his mistress is feedIng *
New England would have been'first set- Capt. Smith greatly admired her. :Many presence of mind he set to work gettingthe her poultry: then when all the hens
tled, but the men that were to stay went yeaN afterward he told a pretty story children out before he bothered with and chickens, turkeys and pigeons are in
back. i in the ship that brought them. In about her putting her arms about his the flames. He wrapped Georgie, the the quiet enjoyment of their breakfastor
1603 Queen Elizabeth diedand her cousin, neck and saving his life when: Powhatan baby,in a quilt, and, carrying him down supper, the peculiar!shrill cry of the
James VI., King of Scotland, came to wished to put him to death. placed him in his mother's arms. Then hawk is overheard, and the doctor 'is
the throne of England as James I. In : John Smith explored Chesapeake,Bar ne got Elsie, a little 6-year-old girl out seen circling in the air, uttering an occasional ,
1606, while Raleigh was shut up in the in two voyages, enduring many hard- and then Johnny, the next eldest, .was scream. The fowls never find
Tower of London, a company of mer- ships with cheerfulness. He and his carried to a place for safety. Gyp viewed out that this is a hoax,but run to shelter,
chants and others undertook to send a men would move-their fire two or three these proceedings with lively manifestations -I cackling in great alarm-hens clucking
new colony to America. Some of the times in a cold night, that they might of interest, and he clung manfullyto :.loudly for their chickens, turkeys crouching ..
men who had been Raleigh's partners in have the warm ground to lie, upon. He the'door with his face to the approaching under the bushes, and the pigeons
his last colony were members this managed the Indians well, put down flames until the children were out, taking refuge in their house. As soon
new "Virginia Company." mutinies at Jamestown, and rendered and then with a farewell bark and growlas as the ground quite clear,the} cockatoo
It was in the stormy December of 1606 many other services to the colony. He a token of defiance he walkedin changes his wild notes for peals of laughter -
that the little colony set out. There were, waS the leading man in the new settle- a dignified manner down the stairs' from a high tree, .and finally alighting -
of course, no steamships then, and the ment, and came at length to be governor.But and so left the house. I: on the top of a hencoop filled with
vessels they had were clumsy, small and when many hundreds of new set- Ben. the Sheperd dog, also conducted trembling chickens says in a suffocating -,'"
slow. The largest of the three ships that tlers were brought out under men who himself with rare heroism, but his inter- voice, "You'll be the death of me." ,-
carried out the handful of People which were his enemies, and Smith had been est seemed to rest chiefly in seeing that ':
began the settlement of the United States injured by an explosion of gunpowder. his companion, Gyp was not injured. Deep-Sea Creatures.
was named Susan Constant. She was of he gave up the government and,went It is more than likely-it is, in fact, almost -
a hundred tons burden 'Not many ships back to England.Eggleston'a History certain) that if the children had The' queerest thing about deep-sea
80 small,cross the ocean to-day. But the of the United States. not been rescued, Gyp would have creatures is their arrangement for vis
Godspeed, which went along with her; perished with them. ion. Fish that live at very great depths
was a little pinnace of only twenty tons, Gave Notice of the Fire. The house was a frame building, as have either no eyes at all or enormously'big '
called Discovery.: Gyp dry as tinder, and it burned with the ones. Indeed, there are two ways
On account of storms, th feeble ships A Canadensis dispatch to the New York rapidity of a pile of shavings. When you may: get on in these gloomy abysses
were not able to get out of sight of the Sun says: "The country people for miles the flames broke through the roof and -by delicate touch organs, or by sight
English coast for six weeks. [People in around this little village are busily talk. shone ruddily against the night, the that collects the few rays of light due to
that time were afraid to .sail straight ing of the wonderful intelligence displayed neighbors began to assemble, and all phosphorescence or other accidental
across the unknown Atlantic Ocean ; during a fire here by'a famous who came fought bravely to save the sources. Down to the depth of 200
they went away South by the Canary Irish setter named Gyp. The dog is household goods. Very little was fathoms'the eyes get constantly bigger
Islands and the West Indies, and so made owned by John E. Blake, a resident of saved, however, for within fifteen min- and bigger. Beyond that depth are small--
the distance twice as great as it ought to Brooklyn, and long before he covered utes after the fire was first discoveredthe eyed forms with long feelers, developedto
have been. It took the new colony himself with his present glory he was building was wrapped in flames, supplement the eyes. Lower still we
about four months to get from London to well known about Canadensis because of and a few minutes later.nothing was left find functionless eyes, and in the most
Virginia. They intended to land on Roan- unusual beauty and size. Gyp's sire and but a pile of smoking ashes. confirmed abysmal species the eyes have ;
oke Island, where Raleigh's unfortunate dam are both registered dogs and mag- Gyp and Ben were left homeless by disappeared entirely.
colonists had been settled, but a storm nificent hunters, but Gyp was nearly ru the fire but as soon as the story of how ,
drove them into a large river, which they, ined mliis babyhood by bemg made a pet they gave notice of the fire was told, a A Lazy Dog.
called James River, honor of the king. of and bv being taught to behave himself score of homes was offered them. i
They arrived in Virginia in the monthof only in the parlor. No attempt was madeto Spruce Cabin was a famous house in There is a dog in Chester, Pa., which
April, when the banks of the river break him for hunting until last fall, this part of the Pocono mountains. It will never walk when there is a chance ito
were covered with flowers. Great white when he was 2y years old. The job was was for years the favorite resort of jump on a street car and ride. He is a ;s
dog-wood blossoms and masses of bright- not a very difficult one, for in the veinsof fishermen and hunters, and was the black Newfoundland. :Much of his time .'
colored red bud were in bloom all along Gyp there courses only sporting blood. headquarters of the Spruce Cabin Run is spent in the stables., Although his .'
the James River. The newcomers said He was broken by Wesley J. and Milton Fish and Game Association. Among the home is only two squares. away,he never \
that heaven ,and earth had agreed together D. Price.of this place,and Gyp made his members of the association who lost their walks to it, but waits for a car going .
to make this a country to live in. home with them during the winter. outfits by the fire were Colonel E. L. that way, on which he jumps.{ He often
Aftprnailing up and down the ,river From dawn until nightfall Gyp was a Price, of Newark, and John E. and goes off on a pleasure trip, riding to the
they selected a place to live upon, which lamb and a favorite playmate of the George W. Blake. different sections of the city on differentcars
they called Jamestown. They had now children who came at times to Spruce The house will.be rebuilt. always sitting on the curbstone till
pretty well eaten up their supply of food, Cabin, the boarding house kept 1 by> the the car he wants comes along, showing
,and they had been so slow in settling Price boys, but during the hours of dark- --- -- remarkable intelligence in allowing to
themselves that it was too late to plant ness he was as fierce as a panther.On The Acting Cockatoo. pass him those cars which branch oft in a
even if they had cleared ground. One the evening of June 25 all the men An Australian traveler describes the directions contrary to the. one he wishesto
small ladleful of'pottage made of worm- stopping at Spruce Cabin went out visit- theatrical performance of a tame cocka- take. '
ing driving,save James Zabriskie,who known the of "The "
eaten barley or wheat was all that was too, by pet name
given to a man for a meal: The settlers was visiting the Price DOTS. Mrs. JohnE. Doctor." It pretends to have,a violent LADIES
were attacked by the Indians, who Blake, the wife of Gyp s owner, satin toothache, nursing its beak in its claw, Needing tonic,or children who war j build
wounded seventeen men and killed one the parlor reading, while her three little rocks itself backward and forward as if BROWN'S Ing up IKON,should B1TT take ,RS.
boy in the fight. Each ,man in JameS- children were asleep in an upstairs room. in the greatest agony, and in answer to It is pleasant to take,cures Malaria, Indigestion
town had to take his turn every third About 9 o'clock, while everything about all the remedies which are proposed it Biliousness and Liver Complalat
night in watching against the Indians, the house was as quiet as the village _
lying on the cold, bare ground all .night. churchyard, Gyp, with a savage snarl,
The only water to drink was that, rushed madly up the stairs and, with
from the river, which was bad.. The many a fierce bark and growl,tore wildly
people were soon nearly all of them sick; from one end of the hall to the other on
there were not five able-bodied men to the second floor. Zabriskie pricked up j' DiPtOIl! s.
defend the place had it been attacked., his ears and wondered what ailed the
Sometimes as many as three or four died dog, and how he dared to go up stairs,
in a single night, and sometimes the Jiving that part of the house having always -
were hardly able to bury those who been denied him. While he listened a Brilliant "f
had died. There were about a hundred shepherd dog named Ben joined Gyp, :
colonists landed at Jamestown, and one- and together the dogs raced to and fro, Durable I I,
half of these died in the first few months. snapping and snarling, .
All this time the men in Jamestownwere, Zabriskie went to the foot of the stairs
living: in wretched tents and poor little and called to Gyp. The only answer Gyp Economical 1 I
hotels covered with earth, and some of paid to this order was to thrust his yellow .
them in holes dug into the ground. head over the stairs and, scratching at
even Diamond Dyes excel all others in Strength, Purity, and Fastness. Nose other are-
As the sickness passed aw ay, t tEaeih the carpet, whined plaintively.
remained built themselves better cabins, ,Zabnskie thought at first that some just as good. Beware of imitations, because they are made of cheap and inferior aataiab
and thatched the roofs withstraw., thief'was' secreted one of the upstairsrooms and give poor,weak,cocky colors. To be sure of success use oil the'DIAMOND DTK
One of the most industrious men in the and then, deeming this supposition for coloring Dresses, Stockings, Yams, Carpets,, Feathers, Ribbons, &o, &C. We war M
this time Capt.John Smith, unlikely, grew angry,and went fora
a colony young man who had was had many adventures stick to punish the dog for kicking up them to color more goods,,package for package;than any other dyes era made,aad; to give
of which'he was fond of boasting. such a rumpus. more brilliant and durable colors. Ask for the DIAMOND, and take no other.
He4ook the little pinnace Discovery and The momeht he was out of sight Gyp Send postal fix jye Book,Sample Card,directions for coloring Photos.,making the finest Ink or Bluing
sailed up and down the. rivers and bays began once more his racing to and fro. (IO cents a quart),eta Sold by Druggists. Address
of Virginia, exploring the country, get- He barked and growled like a dog possessed WELLS RICHARDSON &' CO., Burlington, Vt. ,
ting acquainted with'niany tribes of Indians by demons, and scratched at the I
and exchanging beads, bells and doors, and finally he,howled and yelpedas Foe Gilding or Bronx nr DIA'MO''J' t '-'*.** I"yT S ?old; &Myel',' .rGlln.
Copper. Only>IO Cents.
i ,
other trinkets.for: with which. he" if he was being. beaten asAttide. : # .

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r. Our :'Ji Olri ;. *alk., The constraint that bands and NEW KODAKS."You To keep eggs fresh: as soon as theyare
\urrar tapes and the weight of (clothes are to taken from the nest rub them
a baby's' .pulpy form end butterfly <- enfifely o'':'er with butter, and put
Vigor; the Bath Tub.f strength can hardly be understood,by them, in a good place and they will
e Were I an eminent physician,witH -'grown-ups: : ," but they are quite ":Ytiu the keep'good for month '
power vested in my words. ,and tired,. enough to' deform in frequent cases. press All fresh meats should be put to
heat-worn mort should como to: me Carrying a child too much on one button, boil in hot water, but for soup in
for an antidote for their ailments, I arm will make it misshapen. Babies
should pass by drugs, artificial min- ought to be held with their breasts we do the rest. cold.The flesh of good veal is firm and
i eral waters with their endless virtues, against the mother's and an arm at dry, and the joints stiff. The flesh of
S and instead, would point out(to them their back, supporting the back of the SenD New Mjlea a.d' Sizes good lamb and mutton is red, with
the virtues. to be found in the bath head by a hand carefully it rests ALL LOADED WITH Transparent Films' the tat very firm and white.
tub. w .. against the shoulder. They shouldlie For nie by all l Photo.Stock Dealers.THEEASTMANC'jMPANY. Fish should frequently be broughtinto
I truly believe there is no other on their stomachs a good deal, on the dietary. It is easy of digestion
agency so great for recuperating the a pillow or across the knees, for changeof Send for Catalogue. ROCHESTER.N.Y and rich in phosphorus whichis
human system from the effects of work position,and the ease given by the required by the brain. Delicious,
and heat during the hot weather, as warmth'' and pressure of the little ab, fresh country eggs are almost equal to
the all-over bath. And there is no one domen. or sap from the pine tree. A pocketis 'any meat, and can be ccoked in a va-
on earth who needs more the benefitof Babies' limbs are made symmetricaland cut with an axe, in the tree, and in riety of ways. Vegetables, fresh and
thisjree, stimulant of nature than vigorous by leisurely tender strok- i a day or two may be found enough well cooked in plenty, and a wise selection
the hardworking farmer and his wife. ing, and if they will get bowlegged by gum to use.-Tropical Sun. of cereals and bread and
The farmer comes from the field at dancing on their eager feet too soon .. ... plenty of milk, will give materials for
night, tired, tired, tired.. His cloth there is no need to torture them with Corsets Killed the Monkeys. ,any number of changes and combinations -
ing is saturated with perspiration, and surgical appliances and steel boots. Mothers about to put corsets upon'' :,
perfumed by the attending foul odor. The' surgery for such cases i is daily- their young daughters for the first time As a remedy for a sunburnt face,
To go to sleep in this,.condition is uncomfortable hourly stroking the legs with both and begin the process which they call take a piece of clear pine gum arabic
unhealthful, and certainly hands and gently molding them into improving their figures (?) should,read about the size of a filbert and melt it
far from ne 't. And yet,this is straightness. Clever doctors discour. the account published recently in a in a wineglass full of boiling water,
what many a one ,does, and when con- age the use of appliances for straight- medical journal of experiments of a softened with a slight pinch of carbo
tinued in for weeks the enervating ening young children, preferring the French physician. While traveling nate of soda. Melt a piece of cam-
influence on the system is sure to be gradual traction of the mother's hands, in India he procured a number of phor the size of a pea in a teaspoonfulof
felt.Now which will be'all-efficient: female monkeys, whose: forms, he can de cologne, and add this to the
instead of bed in The babies who have the best chance with of
going to explains, are very similar those of boiling water a teaspoonful
such condition the tired farmer should I believe those Shake the mixture for
really are brought up women, and nveloped'them in a glycerine. :
refreshed. by'a thorough bath, and in homely ways, in the warm and neat plaster of paris jacket as near like an twenty minutes. Dab on the. face
fresh clothing should be worn duringthe living rooms, along with the kittens ordinary corset as possible. Then he with a soft( cloth every night before
night. ({The day clothing shouldbe and house plants and singing of kettles gave them chloroform to see the effectof you go to sleep. "
hung up in an outer room to air, in the sunshine of the mother's the chest stricture upon the res To make an impermeable glue soak
and dry during the night.)) Now be- constant presence.-Ingalls' Home and piration. Several l of the monkeys died ordinary glue in water until it softens,
hold what' this bath does: It induces Att Magazine. very quickly. All suffered seriously.In and remove it before it has lost its
sleep, a sound, ,sweet, restful sleep.It KH these days of dress forms, hygienic primitive form. After this dissolve it
has a soothing influence on the To the Immigrant. waists and the like, a trim fiure is linseed- oil over a slow fire until it
disturbed nerves throughout the tired Many persons coming South are an. easily attainabe without the strappy is brought to the consistency of a
body. It is quieting, refreshing, in noyed by what is called Florida corset: like a coat of mail which has Jelly. This glue may be used for
vigorating; and under its influence, on sores." This is nothing more th-an'the been thought necessary.-Nnv York joining any kind of material. In ad-
arising in the morning, the body is effect of changes of 'climate and diet Times. dition to strength and hardness it has
free from that stiff, tired feeling, which Some of them carry the marks of the '. I the advantage. of resisting the action
even sleep does not always banish sores for, years on their person. We Hints to Housekeepers.In of water.
from those who"'labor Bard. have seen boatmen have very large buying wash silks, if the house Fish is no better for the brain than
But to no one does this daily all-over hands from getting the 'skin knockedoff selling them is not known to be abso- any other meat.-ED.; ; .
bath give such benefit as to'the worn- of the'' knuckles, etc., and lutely reliable, it is safest to 'secure .
; out housewife. Confined as' she is in from their blood being in bad condi samples and wash them before select-
1 the warm rooms at such heating work tion, 'the said places fester instead of ing material for a gown or shirt waist. FOR THE TOILETThere
washing, ironing and: baking; and' healing. Then there are others who These'silks may be worn so long without
such nerve-wearing, duties as caring acclimated who have a kind 'of becoming noticeably soiled that it Is no more useful or elegant article -
for a baby and little children, and listening scalding sores on their feet in hot is seldom necessary to have them than Ayer's Hair Vigor-the most s
to their frequent t .cries, she be. weather. To those afflicted thus we washed when made up in gowns, but popular and economical hair-dressing
comes so nervous and tired by the would say try the following mixture: shirt waists and blouses, especially! if in the abundantly market. It and causes retain the the hair beauty to
time the day'' is over, that .often ,in her Take two heaping teaspoons of worn in travelling, often are the bet grow and texture of youth; prevents bald-
secret soul she:doubts if life'is' worthso flour of sulphur and one of cream 'of ter for cleansing. ness, heals troublesome humors of the
hard a struggle. To such ones I tartar, rub free from lumps and add If you want to send milk off in bottles scalp and keeps it ,clean, cool, and
4 recommend earnestly the all over bath about a half cup''of molasses and stir with ,a basket of dinner or a healthy. Both ladles ,and gentlemen
before retiring occasionally throwinga well together The first thing in the traveler's lunch or for the baby's tea. everywhere prefer:Ayer's Hair Vigor to
the hair. Mrs.
handful of salt in the 'water as' an morning. on washing ask yourself first' put into the bottle, if one, pint, any Lydia other'O. dressing for'
added stimulant.. Don' fresh sleeping "isn't it brimstone morning?" and two tablespoonfuls'of lime water'or if E. Pitts- : ; J'
garments, and see comfort and fresh take a good teaspoonful. Now' don't a quart, four tablespoonfuls. It will writes:"I Ask For. rrOOdi..
life are not' to be found in the simple do as that "most valuable woman"and keep sweet, ,even in hot summer Aye r'' II ,
agency of water. use a'spoon that will make' the I weather; and, if'you will wrap the or for some' time, and it has worked
An, abundance of underwear for corners of your mouth nearer your I bottle in a wet cloth and then in a wonders for me I was troubled with
dandruff and falling hair so that I was
summer use, so that frequent,changes ears, but rather take two small doses. dry one, it will keep cool into the rapidly becoming bald; but since using
may be made, is a' necessity, both for Take it any three consecutive mbrn- bargain.A the,Vigor,my head is perfectly clear of
the health and comfort. Although ings in a week, say Monday, Tues delicious way of serving ,ice dandruff, the hair has, ceased comingout 1
,these changes make the washings <1\yand Wednesday, then wait for cream is to fill watermelons with that and I now have a 'good growth, of
.. larger'they are no harder to.do, as the those days the next week, and so on delfcious'dainty. The fruit must t>e the same color''as when recommend I was a young the .
garments are less soiled than when for say nine or a dozen doses. An. cut in halves und the' seeds taken out woman. I can heartily yi
of Ayer's Hair VJger any one suffering
worn, !,longer.--Country Gentleman. other "don't;" have something more before the ice-cream put in, and a use from dandruff or loss of hair."
.t than porridge like diluted pincushions piece'of the pulp should accompanyeach
The Baby. without the covers." The helping of cream. Another Ayer's Hair Vigorr
Let'the baby lie undressed on,a pillow" wedge of brown bread" is all right novel idea is to cut a ripe pineappleinto ... )
Prepared Dr.J.O.Ayer&Co.,Low ett,x. ;,
11a perfectly warm room and for every breakfast, but persons' having neat little round slices, on each gold| by Druggist and Perfumers. '
sprawl like a frog torelieve his muscles more. to do than those "young of which is placed a spoonful of ice-. .
and make them grow. It is good for noblemen" want something more sub ''''cream. This cannot be conveniently II WtIlClU.UEIFKmYCD l ;'
,the development of children to let stantial. eaten without a dessert knife, but is a: 'L&XJI8T8Jf" KY.
( l >TTIititn imri it TTitH'l Ifj ....
them, run about a warm nursery naked, One of the best remedies we.heard j;delightful combination.. in very hot 1e ."... --,.............''W..
Jiatf an hour at'' a timej; after.they can of for the. Florida sores was. the. rosin weather :' .... ........>. .Wrtg MLTH.r ta.WJJ.BI1K .--aua.... ...,.
,' ........ rrvl, ,- -....Yt.;
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". ;;. ; ,.: .. 0''" OF THE STATEFAAfIE I S MiMflflCE( KJffl I nusr1UAh U.IOf.{ ..

Ii VUL. V. S .. "Agriculture is the Basis of Wealth No. 31.

TOM SAWYER, .- Staff Contributor mind must' be answered even if it be- speedily. The committee slipped out NOTE AND COMMENT.

comes necessary to let up on the through an alley between the Aven- -
The Alliance seeks to educate its
JONBS' PRIVATE ARGUMENT monopoly business for more than a' tine and Palatine and crossing the
members in matters of legislation
week. Your is and Tiber in scow they skirted ; as
pa an ass, Johnnie, a garbage well in methods of
That. air same'Jones which lived in Jones.. you may tell him that I said so. Col. the Janicula hills and scooted up via .
He had this pint about hlm, Lucius Quintius Cincinnatus was a Salaria until they reached the Colonel's *
He'd swear with a hundred sighs and groans, Roman citizen who had a big farm at ranch. Mrs. Cincinnatus met themat Farmers don't ask for the wealth of

That And-farmers must stop gittin loans- the foot of the hills on Tiber creek 500 the portal and told them that ,she other classes. They don't want anything s

, gH along without'em; years B. C. That, was a long time had no cold victuals but if they would that belongs to others.

That bankers,warehousemen and sich. ago, Johnnie, before your pa was ever chop some stove wood and hoe the *** .".
fettenin' the planter,
And Was Tennessee on was rotten richA : !. thought of-yes, even before Bob weeds in the back yard she would During the past two years the nation -

raisin' meat and corn,all which .. >?_ Rogers was born-and I cannot remember scare them up something to eat aftera has increased with wealth beyondall

Drawed money to Atlanta; : :, distinctly all the, facts about while, but she soon found out her former precedent, but during this

And the only thing,says Jones, to do that old era, but what I do rememberI mistake and in answer'to their inquiry time there has been an enormous

Is, eat no meat that's boughten;,. remember. informed them that they would find I. shrinkage of values among the pro-
But tear up every I.O. U. I know that in the year 460-yes, it her old man in the back lot "laying ducing population.

And plant all corn and swear. for true was on the second Saturday afternoon by" the pinders. The committe hur- *:f:*

:, Ter quit araislncotton.' in ',May, Col.: Cincinnatus joined the ried out past the well, stopping for a Association tends to make people

Thus shouted Jones whar folks could- hear' .,- Martius sub-Alliance in company drink, and soon ,stood in the presenceof cheerful. The farmer who constantly -
At court and other gatherin's, -''r: with Publius Tertullus and A. S. the intended savior of the country. attends the meetings of a good Al-
And thus kept spoutin' a .
many year
Prodaimin loudly far:and near :.J-;; Mann, and was placed, on the special i He was not dressed to receive com liance is more cheerful and contented

Sich fiddlesticks and blatherins. \: I committee on political economy. I pany. He wore a simple tunic withno than his neighbor who don't believein
remember well that he rode to townon frills about the skirt. The first instinct organization.The .
I I' But one aU-fired Iweatin'day _
It happened I was hoein' his gray mule that afternoon and of Col. Cincinnatus was alwaysto ***

.My lower corn field,which it layImgskle his nose was sun-blistered. He came be be a gentleman, so he called to citizens of Bicknell Ind.,
the road that runs my way.,i: k down via Flaminia and crossed the his wife to bring his toga (breeches) gathered'around the depot and rolledit

Whar I can see what's goln., : river by the Pons Asinorum. The and be in a dashed big hurry about it, over on its side. They then noti-
And after la o'clock had come 'cI ; Alliance temple was up on the Aven- for some gentlemen had come out
fied the railroad that they would havea
felt like kinder feggin', hill. and he wanted do
tine It was a magnificent struc- from Rome to as
new one ornone. at all.
And laid myself nn'neath a plum >
ture with Doric columns, _Mansard the Romans did. *
To let dinner settle sum, .
my roof and Corinthian while the It did not take for the committee .
When long come Jones's waggin, gables, long It isn't necessary for:farmers to
doors made of Florida and tell what had for. neg
were pine to they come
their business and devote all their
And Jones was settln in it so, lect
and a big sign swung over the struc The entire conversation was carriedon
A readin'of a paper. \1''' tHis time to politics. In fact farmers don'twant
mules was goto' powerful slow. ture representing a bale of cotton done in Latin which was a lively lan- to become politicians in this
Pur both the lines he had tied to :' up in pine straw bagging, with this guage then, although I am glad to relate much
It don't cost nor
The staple of a.scraper. _. *. fV .... legend underneath in Roman capitals: that it has since died, and in less respect.
; J- take much time, to become posted on
The mules they stopped, about a_rod,..;;: t...%'. "Down with the Trust. When we 'than fifteen minutes, sun time, the entire I the current topics of the day and at-
Prom me and went to feedin' '. .,.... came out of the temple there was upon party was cantering back to the tend the annual or biennial caucus
'Longside the road,,upon the sod. the Colonel's face a look of lofty deter- city. They crossed the river by the
.- But Jones(which he had tooka tod) ," < and convention.
mination, and I saw him when he Pons Rhododendron and thunderedup *
knowin readin'. .
Not kept a
: turned to, the setting sun which flamedup the Appian Way to the temple of *
,And presently says he: Hit's true,:'";" red and threatening from the billows Janus where Cincinnatus flung the Modesty is a virtue. Temerity is
That Oiftby's head IS level, not modesty. Farmers as a class are
of the distant sea-then I heard gates wide open and declared: "My
That's one thing farmers all must do '
To keep themselves from going tew : these words: "Oh Rome, may the voice is for war 1" Hurrying,into the modest and, in public' affairs, are ale
into the innermost of the and Volsii he most timorous. Let us see to it'that fin
Bankruptcy and the devil. gods fling me depthsof presence Equi
hot Tartarus if I make not the Patrician thrust his hand into his third pants those matters which seriously affect
More corn, corn must plant less ground
more ;
I- And mustn't eat what's boughten; monopolist howl when I walk pocket and drew thence what he the public, the farmers claim, even Pt..

Next year they'll do it, reasonin's sound, ankle deep upon the Lupercal in plu- thought was a copy'of the riot-act but demand, a full and fair share of rec- V

And cotton'll fetch'bout a dollar a pound;;, tocratic gore He was every inch a which really proved to be the Declara- ognition in proportion to moral, edu-

Tharfore I'll plant all cotton." man, Col. Cincinnatus was, but monopolists tion of Purposes of the Farmers' Alli-- cational, financial, numerical worth.If A-
Savannah News. this be done, there will be more rsoil.tillers..n
incited the fun
ragtag to poke ance. The was ready any
at him so that he retired to his farm emergency and without a moment's public station: and surely i
The Story of Oinolnnatus as Told by and made the finest crop ,ever raised hesitation he fired the whole 39 articles the country will not be any the worse

Tom Sawyer. between the two seas. Along duringthe into the midst of the assembled crowd for'it Stand for and demand your

'"Will you please.tell ,me something fall of the year when the long and drove, them pell mell from the rights, fellow-farmers 1

It about a fellow called Cincinnatus?. I staple cotton had run up to three city. It was a glorious victory, and ***

asked my pa",about him last night but denarii a pound the Equi and the when the fight was won he was voteda Speaking of the thirteenth century S

he said his crop was so deep in the Volsii from over,on the Withlacoochee civic crown and appointed Justice of a waiter says: "In order to a. perfect

grass that he didn't have time to '.answer made' raid on the town and corralledthe the Peace with original jurisdictionof misunderstanding of everything con-

,all my foolish questions, so. I ,entire police force in the market all cases up to petty larceny. He nected with the Florentine politics of

come to you for information." house. There was great distress and is dead now and so is Servius Tull-- this period one has.only to study the

, JOHNNIE.GRUBBS.. ruin looked the republic out of coun- ins,. but Bob Rogers and Tom Sawyerstill various histories."
Johnnie, ,your pa ought,lobe,turned _tenance. .The money changers fled to survive. While they live the That a farmer may not only remain

across,, a barrel and introduced to aboard the citadel on the Capitoline hill and country is safe. When they die listen uninformed, but grow in ignorance,

for answering you in that,style, thence' sent runners out through the for.something to drop. he has only to read the party papersof

but the truth of the matter is he didn't provinces to summon the plebs to the TOM SAWYER.We the day. They do not tell the ,

know Cincinnatus from Solomon's rescue, but the plebs were busy picking i truth. Everywhere they cry this untruth .:

milk cow and ,couldn't answer- your cotton and couldn't come, besides, have been taught "that the aloud, that a silver dollar is worth

quest OB. You did the ,proper thingin they swore it was no'ne'of their fight prosperity of a nation is in proportionto only eighty cents, when there is not :

COMing to your Uncle Tom' when and they didn't have time anyhow. the value of its productions." This one in all the land which is not worth :.

you wanted to know anything about Finally a committee was sent to, see teaching is true as far as it goes, but one hundred cents. Their impudenceis

anything. He can answer you promptly Col. Cincinnatus and urge him,to save where the values of a nation's produc- laughable. They tell us 'that a silver :

and will do it too, Whether: he is the republic while it was worth saving. tions are concentrated in the hands ofa dollar is worth only eighty cents .1

quite sure of the 'facts or 'not. :A It was getting be an awful,bad caseand few of its people that nation cannot when every child ten years old knows

healthy boy of an .inquiring'turn:of to be done ,right long continue to the statement is false, It is; not at all
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JUIA. 30, 1891] .., ", '. ::: ." :. THE FLORIDA .DI8PATCH- ,..FAKMERANli: FKUIT-GROWElL.: '-. .:- '::.' ". 6It: -

strange that the partisan press,has lost and thus work out our own salvation, ing their term of service, regardless of
in its influence, and that the agricul-, independently of human laws and inhuman the remuneration. And when a farmer,
tural preys now carries the colors.l monopolies? We lack money; merchant ora.: 'bank president thinkshe
The discussions of the great questions ; it is said. We need co-operation, .cannot: dispense with the service of
of the day in The 'National Stockmanand we reply. Co operation can do all such help, there is always an oppor
Farmer are read with great interest that money can and carry progress tunity ,for advancement, either in sal- I '
, and profit by. myself and neigh beyond, where money ails.-NatiJ1Z- ary or position.? : The observance or irh'
bors.-WALTER. B. PIERCE, Lecturer al Economist.. neglect of this simple rule is the keyto
National Farmers' Alliance. the success or failure of thousandsof
This year there were nineteen lieu- young-men the world over.
One of the anxieties of the average tenantcies in the army to 'be appointedfrom ,***
if r j) intelligent farmer is that some pro civil life, and of the nineteen se- Woman's place in the Alliance is
vision may be made by which his son lected for examination six were the not to lead, but to help; nor is she a
;; may follow some other pursuit, and sons of army officers. It should be I cipher; yes, a cipher placed at the

: the,son, who' may have spent a, few remembered that these appointmentswere right of the unit man, thereby increasing .. ,
:. i. years on the (arm, entertains the liveliest made outside of the graduates of I his value tenfold. An arduous

sympathy with that anxiety., West; Point, where many sons of army work indeed is, hers, and the sooner
, No evidence, is needed to show that, officers are every year appointed. The she realizes this the sooner will suc- Farmers Stop and Think.
under the present economic conditions,' building up of a military or officeholding cess be achieved. By all means let
almost any pursuit is ,considered preferable aristocracy is every bit as objec- mothers and daughters be enrolled in WHY Spend the best years of your
: to that of farming.-President life cultivating the soils of the frozen
tionable as the titled aristocracy 'of the sub-Alliances and be regular in
Polk, Farmers' Alliance, in North North and West raising crops on which
Europe and it will not be long tolerated attendance upon every meeting, real-
American Review. in this country may become izing the fact that they are vitally in- the freight is often not realized, when
terested in this movement. you can buy land from the undersigned,
necessary for Congress to enact a law For
Another cause for complaint I rich and fertile: as any known' lands,
great prohibiting any son of any man in any twenty.five years the scant living, the
among the farmers is low prices. Who branch of the government service being isolation, the 'circumscribed educa- and where you can raise a crop that the

gave other men power to.set prices on selected,to fill an appointive office, in tional advantages, the routine of family United States Government will pay a
all their produce? Of ,course men I order to protect a,. people not in the drudgery, have all lent their aid in BOUNTY of$roo on each acre.
will get things as cheap as possible if magic circle.-'The Lantern. prematurely bending woman's form, HOLD On, this isn't all. You can sell

allowed to set-prices on other people's *,...* whitening her hair and furrowing her the said crop right there in. your home
commodities. Even the farmers There is a wide difference between cheeks. This state of affairs should market for $' 250 per acre. You ask for
themselves might take of the "How" and the "Wherefore."
advantage cheap and inferior not and must not go down in a sad"heritage
such a state,of affairs. It has been money money. Quite facts and best.
a The first is money for the people's use to the coming woman. The right- figures count
subject of ridicule for years how without'' the present extortionate cost,;: improvement of our people means not Plant the Land with Sugar Cane.

farmers bring their produce market while the second is depreciated, unstable only improvement' of the mothers, TO OLD Farmers and careful
and meekly inquire, How much _will but of the boys and girls who must perus-
and worthless. It is not
a cheap
the fact that
ers of there is now
? instead of I papers
you give me saying, quality in that ,is demandedbut soon take the places of father and
want much. its costs so.and money established near Kissimmee, Fla., the
so me so mother.
money that it will 'not require so St. Cloud Sugar Refinery, is stale
much to produce it, and I must have a *
all I raise. much of the products of labor 'to ob news.Ve are talking to all our
profit on
k* tain. The Alliance demands an- increase The press is making a great fuss friends. Sugar cane can be raised as

A farmer of some wealth, recentlysaid in the amount of good money over Representative Wilson, of West cheaply as corn, and Uncle Sam will
that he "had made his money by in circulation in order to bring about' Virginia, for having, said in his address pay you a bounty of two.cents per pound
keeping out of politics.:" By this this result, well knowing that an in- to the alumni\ the Universityof on the manufactured sugar. The St.
crease of worthless currencywill No ,in the Cloud in Osceola Co.
l statement he wished people to under': poor Virginia? activity plantation Fla.,
stand that he had let politics entirely: have an opposite effect.-National world's history has been so terrible as averaged 4,500 pounds of sugar to the
.Economist. political activity without intelligence acre last and it will
alone. He took no interest. in' questions : ; year go 5,000
has drenched the world with this .
of did none pounds year.METHODS .
a public nature,. not care
who represented his town, nor what One thing that country towns and more blood or put back the hand ? This isn't the only big
neighborhoods have been noted for further on the dial of freedom." Thisis
: were the representative's views.: Sucha chance of your life, however. The
man is a public miser regardless of was their gossiping propensities. So nothing but a silly jumble of wordsas cultivation of rice lands about Kissimmee -
the class to which he belongs. No when you get together don't feel as well calculated to retard the right is to become an assured, profitablefact.
{- man in this country has any moral the little girls who asked their, teacher prevent the wrong. In condemn- There is no richer or better
if another little girl could not. keep' ing political activity without intelligence -
right to use our free institutions with i truck and market-garden lands in the
; the opportunities for acquiring wealth away from them as they wanted' to he condemns political educa world than the land on the rich over-
I which are attached thereto unless he talk; about her. Don't tell that your tion as well as political agitation, and flow, or bottom lands about Kissimmee. -

uses his influence, be it great or small, neighbor has this, ,that or the other both are .equally : obnoxious to mon Write,for confirmation, to Col.
to transmit these institutions unim- thing, end then add, "They are so in, ,archies and despotism ; but in a free A. K. McClure, editor Philadelphia

paired to his children, and in order to debt," or "How extravagant.: *' You 'sovereigns Times, who has personal knowledge.,
do this he must take some interest in who have all the comforts of life Then in lands for orange groves, or
politics. arpund you surely do not hate to see tion ,is at all times very desirable, and groves already cultivated or bearing,
one whose days, are full of toil gather the greater the lack of intelligencethe I can satisfy you that your best interestslie
Mr. Editor, methinks* that. we have such few of the pleasing things of this :more, the necessity for such activ- in seeing me before any one else.
been and are yet wasting too much life around them as they can, or you ity., If Mr. Wilson will discriminate
a valuable time and means in the wrong who do not have, are you not unselfish ,between political activity for agitationand BEAUTIFUL HOMES. The healthfulness .
direction. While believing that we enough to be glad that others can have for education, condemning the and beauty of Kissimmeehave ,
should unite in our political' power I'even if you do not; besides, if your former and'encouraging the latter, he never been questioned. No
for the of honest neighbor makes a mistake he suffers will be in line with the great Farmers' diphtheria, no consumption, no pneu.moniairi
upbuilding an paternal
and just government, we should for.'it, you don't. ,Alliance movement, and will not fact, read our medical
z make such foolish blunders. report. Beautiful cottages, ,villas or
appeal to greater powers' in, man :for .,
*... lots suitable for residences. Write =.
the creation of comforts: and 'enjoy: A: large proportion of wage earners "'1.--"fI'
for and
ments. These do not;come; from ,his in every department ofl l labor; are I see not less clearly, that, in the terms particulars.
ephemeral ,political l''franchise ; Tliey afraid that",they,shall more than j"earn process, a separation will take place COME SOUTH, And get ntold
come from',his mental. arid physical their wages and feel that their employer between the use of capital and the quantities of the grandest climate in
activity properly applied.\ This activity ,has the best end of ,the ,bargain.The use of credit. They are wholly differ the world free with each acre of ground, s
must ,we.'evoke for,the solutionof result,is a feeling ,of distrust \between ent, and under the growing intelli-- purchased. Come where you can till
the l labor 'pro lem. 'Behold J ..all ,the employer and employed, gence of the times, cannot much longer the soil twelve months in the year.
around us a benign Providence has which 'is disastrous' the best interests remain confounded in their present At least write to me for(particulars.

strewed the earth abundantly, with, ,of,,both parties, with'the chances state of combination. They are as WM. CAN'YON' ,

a materials, 'and, not citizens! alone, but" against the employed,. because a distinct as a loan and an endorsement; Kissimmee, Fla.
.j men, women and children of a11 ages.stand shirk; or-one who cannot,be trusted in fact the one is but giving to ;anotherthe Agent for the for Associated the lands<< of Railways the Dlton land Companies, and the,
and rise'above the.: of capital and the other lands of Kleslmuxe La d Co.
ready :willing to transform: can never present: stir; use our rice '
: cane, trucking,
I Phosphate,
into .the The best rule of the .of credit and 'so dis sugar
these materials comfortsof roundins. wage use our ; yet, fruit, grazing, timber, general farming, .
life. .Why tfetapplyythisgrandaiMy! < earners!.is to'try to make'lheirlservicesindispensable !similar are they, that we daily see the and home lands Send for map showing

of willing hands to these ,materials to their employers dur.. ':' rI_;most.... prudent. individuals lending their lands, I;.
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credit for nothing in. the form_ of in liances were. ordered to .go by the and is" like it, born of human 'selfi l1" proposed platform of the People's
dorsement or security, who: woulcj not hew Constitution' before they had received :' ness and human weakness, and fostered Party "as rotten as dirt" so far as

loan the most, inconsiderable sum a copy of the same:". Now, I by ignorance. This latter assertion their efficacy in bringing about a reformation -
without interest. But, "dissimilar kas don't think that any sort of a way to I know to be true.by my' own is concerned. I mean to

they are,, they are completely! confounded do business;besides, think that we experience. I know if I was better say they will bring defeat to the party.I .
in banking operations, whichis ought to have some better means of i informed on religious creeds and political will name a_ few; for instance,
one of the main.spurcei qf the profit knowing the will of the members, parties I would be better en- woman suffrage, Government ownership -
and,the consequent dangerous flow than can be, had by delegates upon, abled to teach others, and in all of railroads and telegraph lines,
of capital !in that'direction. A bank such questions as the above. I can probability not so dogmatic in my and in my honest opinion the sub.

(discount, instead of a,, loan, b very say that.the members think in generalwith opinions. I have been a voter twenty- treasury ,bill, without a great many
little more,. as I have shown:! ,, than'a : those I know of, that the new Constitution three years 'and have always voted amendments.Put .
mere exchange of credit-an exchangeof would have been postponeda the straight Democratic ticket. Yet, men in office who will give us

the joint it ,of the_drawer and little, if they had had a direct voiceIn if I see that there is wisdom, judg- thorough tariff reform, collecting onlyso
indorser- ot the note, discounted for the matter, and therefore I say let ment and a disposition to benefit the much of the people's money as is

the credit of the, bank in the_ shape:of us have the Referendum." country by organizing,a third party, I really necessary to run the people's
its own note.- In.. he exchange, the I am of.the opinion that we need it in should not consider it treason to aid' Government honestly and economically -
bank insures,the''parties tothef: note the government of our country as ii it. .administered, and let that be
discounted, and the community;.which well as i in the Alliance. It is the only I noticed an article in, the June levied on the luxuries instead of the

is the loser if the bank fails 'virtually! way to learn the mind' of the peopleon number of the FRUIT GROWER, under necessaries of life as at present; free

insures :the 'bank;; and yet by con- important questions, and the' only the head'of"Common Sense on Polit- coinage of silver, wise and equitablelaws
founding this exchange of credit with genuine democratic 'form of government ical Parties," on which I wish to comment in regard to the ballot and for-

the use capital, the'balikis'permit- for should a chosen representative a little. The .writer says some eign immigration, and temperance,
ted to charge an interest- for: this, exchange choose to vote against the desires good things, but left an opening for and.see that the laws of the countryare

rather greater than an, individual ; of .his"constituency, 'the latter would anyone in favor ota ,third party to get promptly and thoroughly execut
-is permitted!! to charge for a have the privilege of petitioning in apd demolish his article. He says ed ; then will we again see our nation

loan, to the great :gain of the tank; against such perfidiousness, and,thus "new party' movements, unless some prosperous'and happy. Stand to-
and' loss. to the community. I say would"not be compelled 'to abide by new economic or'vital principle is in- gether, brothers 1 It will take "a long

loss, for the community can' never'.enjoy laws passed against their will. Below volved of which the old parties will pull, a strong pull and, 'a pull all to
the great and full"benefit of the I give an extract from Living Issues not' take the cognizance, are worse gether." WM. J. TAYLOR.

credit system, 'iillioans and credits are for July, 1891, a paper, by the 'way, than useless." Largo,JIn1sbo 'County, Fla.i .
considered as entirely distinct'in their the Alliancemen throughout, the' I ask in the name of common sense, .
nature, and'the compensation for the country ought to read. It is in refer-. if the,present condition of our count A Tram-Road Projected. .
use of each, be adjusted to their respective ence to applying it to political affairs, try does not involve political issues of Editor Alliance Department:
nature and'character. Noth: but the principle we might adopt with the utmost,importance to the, people; We folks down here don't believein
ing would give ,a.. greater impulse to beneficial results. and I further ask if he has not observed boycotting much, but we hope in

all the business_ of so_ iety., The REFERENDUM." : that if the existing parties the near future to say "Farewell St.
superior cheapness of credit; would have touched on''these issues at all for Johns & ,Lake Eustis R. R.l" as we
"i. A real government by,the people.All have already secured charter for
a a
add incalculably to the productive the l quarter, of a century it has
powers of the,community, when the important laws passed by Congress been:to! only run from bad to worse, tram or pole-road from Altoona to
during the previous year shall 'be St. Johns river to tap the river at
immense gains, which,are how made until our once glorious republic is
by confounding them,-. ,shall,come in submitted to the people to vote on at is now in the clutch of a monied oli- Crows Bluff or St. Francis. Of course,
the annual election in November.
aid of production. : JOHN,C. CALHOUJST.AntiSubTreaeury. Any garchy. The first and highest duty of Mr. Editor, it depends altogether up-
shall be submitted 'when
measure on the inducements the two places
I every citizen of the country is to do
thirty representatives demand it in give as to.whether we''' ahead, but I
; all in his power to rescue her from go
'.t.' '1''I Congress, 'or when 30,000'citizen petition tell our people have their
Editor Alliance! Department: the grasping hand of monopoly.The you got
'I. don't wish to say much on thissubject for it. .writer..of-the article mentionedsays "nigger up" and we look for' some-
but I would\ "llkesome; advocate "2. When thirty thousand citizens "there are no new people of thing to be done. This way of mak-

:of the above' scheme to': give mea petitionfor% the passage ofa! legislative which'to build up a new party." We ing $1.25 worth of peaches and paying

little light so that I ,may i be.able to ;measure, it shall be taken up and do not need any ; there are men out to the railroad companies

see the righteousness; in the_ Sub- debated by Congress, and submittedto enough, true and tried,of all, parties, 93 cts of that to get them to marketis

treasury, if there is any., the annual popular vote. All measures if, they will, only unite and stand firm, enough to make any people on
demand approved by the, people to be earth kick. But before we forward -
1. We equal Tights for all to sweep the country and rid if of go
and special favors to none. This is constitutional., the demagogues, office seekers, spoil- with this road in question, we
Of 'course, we would not. need to propose to consult with, the Clyde
one of our mottoes as Alliancemen.Now men and thieves ,that have held the
waitso: 'long as the above to find out Line and how much of rebate
with Bro: Adams, I. can't see reins of government so long and place a
the",will of-the .members in'regard toady i per box theY' will give us on all or-
why, a tiller of the soil, down here men in office who have felt, the stingof
below the Sub-treasury line (who can't measure.. It is' the principle involved corrupt: government so keenly and 'anges or freights. In other words,
have such institution ,and not the details I am desirous you will readily see this road will bea
any ; to store my who love our country with her dear,
produce in and,,get 80 per cent:, thereon of ,getting at; we can fix the God-given institutions and blood. feeder for the Clyde Line, that is,
) should be taxed to build, ,such.an details to suit 'ourselves. I would bought liberty well enough to standby in case they make a deal with us.
like.to J have you take up the above 'This road will be sixteen miles
institution for 'some of my brother ; her amid,the darkest hours of,trial, long
idea, and:let,us agitate the question and it is thought there will be
soil-tillers who raise
happen to grain, even,though it be at the cannon's 40,000
cotton, etc. That looks to me like amongst ourselves, so that we may be mouth. Need we look for the accomplishment boxes of oranges go to the river on
special favors some one. able'to do something about it as early of_ this at the hands of this road, to say nothing of other

2.. Why should the,Sub-treasury,be possible. At our next county Al either party? No 1 emphatically, nol I freight. .
limited the etcf liance,we might: have brought up Our Alliance is in a
to grains, Whyshould We have tried them long enough. prosperous
not the} cattle raiser demand, a consideration.. But let me,tell you, brothers, of the condition and is in favor of anything
his i into' .and' I:leave you to doctor up this article. that pertains to the good of the order.
place to put crops obtain: Alliance; there are some planks) in the
money thereon as well as the: gfamr, I think am explicit enough in regard So you see when we get this road if
to,the subject matter thereof if .
raiser? ROBERT. "REID.. ;
The Referendum.. fraternally, REID. .
i ., t Seven Oaks., h1a.Third.
Editof Alliance Department: ..'.
I would like to make a suggestionto Party Again .
the members.of the Alliance through'' Editor Alliance Department; j

F the columns of our' State organ. I I watch closely tor what is goingthe -. ,
would also like to have' your. opinion rounds of the press on the third With Non-Friction Cotton Box and Llnter Attach T

upon the same, the subject being, the party movement. Yu know we ... went Condenser.New Automatic Ron-very Apron 1 -Feeder and Cabinet
referendum." all' and hold Flae Sample. TwoBruah UonaUGiSMnwrinl >
must "prove things
Steady MoUon. No Choking no breaking the Roll.
In view of ''the dissatisfaction exist.. fast to that which'' is good." Patent Flange Brash Sticks, Keeping' the saws Free +
ing amongst our members about the While we are a patriotic people5 and and Machine Clean FollrGarante wben Ginning Damp*
adoption{ the Ne (: Constitution," love our parties,' we must npt' J let party Free atth.: following Prices' ', el1n,,$300 1er.a..i.Wdta ..
I think there ought to be some means! name stand in the place of political for We aiio maJltq"tId..Bsv" gersw:si;..Conti r mid 0Mer nt1.fnattrfnii Op/orf'fJGi peraaw.Terxna ,..,
adopted to prevent the like occurring principle.. Party spirit is as natural anA DtMoaMIj ...r' ew a43 006fr.aimkerr.GC meaty.rvad pr1e .

.again., For i instance, several r sub Al-- With} us as'cjiurch or religious prejudice THE: BROWN COTTON CIN CO., NowLvniton, C.nn,

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JULY '30,1801, ]' THE: FLORIDA,DISPATCH, FAKMER"ABD"n.UIT-GRbWD.: < '..- 615

I it i is only ,a pole road, it, will be a, road tte1eiiis1: Nearly every farmer in the county down. It i is only in the lat! year or

built by the people and for the people; ) manufactures ,wahoo bark, collars,for so thai. people thought any other pear

.and it is the best we can do now. We "' ...... sale., Mr. W. W. Walker, a pros- but the LtConte could be grown in

I have to learn to walk'again,before 'we Some of the finest peaches, we have perous merchant of Crawfordville, ,recently this Sate, but Mr. Lipsey fur one

I look too'high, as railroads have got us seen ,this season, were shipped ,from made a shipment of 12,000 of has proved ,that Florida has still unknown

\\1 down to crawling, but, nevertheless, Glen St. Mary, Fla., to Fruitland. these collars. He has thousands more resources in the fruit line.

''I brethren, a little, energy and push They were three or four inches i in= in his warehouse ,and will :.soon fill His pears this year .brought him on

will succeed; therefore, come one, diameter and had an excellent appear several other large orders.-Floridian. an ,average $1.50 per bushel in the

come all and put in your mite and ance. O. G. Lipsey of Archer, one ofthe northern tvarkets. Mr. Lipsey was

we will reach the river in time to 'getoff Pompanos come into Sarasota Bay largest and most successful l 'fruit one of the fir Mo grow pears in this

.1'I the present-crop of.oranges. in large schools, where the fishermen growers in the State, left at the Sun part of the State and his enthusiasm .

I J. A. RAMSEY. catch them with seines. One man is office yesterday six varieties of,pears, for our fair land i is rather increased

:, J Altoona
, A Cordial Invitation. breakfast, which sold for one hundreddollars.Manalte the Lowell, the Sand'and the LeConte; fruits:-Gainesville Sun.L. .

? To Brothers'Rob F. Rogers President : Advocate. The Kieffer is the largest, makes a C., Farr, of Hiwassee, feels encouraged
fine and late the returns for his'grapesthis
eating pear ripens! as as over
: and C. B. Collins Lecturer The grape crop in the vicinity of
4 ,
% November. The young ladies of season. He gathered a very satisfactory
Florida State F. A. and/ U. Orlando is a, good one, and farmers whichis
: Archer'call it the "Gobble" pear because crop from his vineyard,
still continue vines. H. E.
I; .DEAR BROTHERS-The. sub Alliance Shuman of Chuluota to plant reports a, three- it is so large they can gobble it only two years old, shipped the bulk
of West Hilsboro' .
request your Attendance
year-old vine with seventy-three clusters
at the of ,Hills-
next meeting ,on it. It is of the white Niagara
' boro' '
County F. A. and I. U., to be '' -- t

,held at Largo, Fla., on the 26th day of variety. P ,
The most notable event of last week
August, 1891. C' '
We both well was 'the shipment of three boxes' of
want you to come i' ,
loaded with good Alliance lectures, ,lemons, made by E. S. Hubbard, to \

and we will touch you off when you Boston. This is'a trial-shipment dif ., '. .... .. '
here. it proves a, success Mr. Hubbardwill .
get 1'tf '
Please, advise if you accept this in. follow: up with' three or four hun- gl "IL" LS WoTENG A "NMEDICIN

vitation. dred boxes more'as soon as possible.Mr. G GUIN Ii.f. cX' .

. Fraternally yours, Rumley is selling land on five
For Weak Stomach { Disordered Liver
;, FELIX L. TAYLOR, Sec'y. and ten years time at. fifteen to twen- -Impaired Digestion-

Largo, HHIsborough County,F.A.and I.U.No. ty.five'dollars an acre. He will givea 'SOLD BY ALL ''DRUGGISTS..,
f(j 403f t deed to the purchaser of ,ten acres
| .* Hainlan & Nelson have completed, for two acres if he will put them into PRICE 25' .GENTS PER BOX.

'" their contract to clear forty acres of ,tobacco in 1892.-Keuka Items in Prepared; on1.byTHOS.BEECHAYSt.gelensLanc .

j) pineapple land on the east side for Palatka Herald. B., J ALLEN & CO., Sole Agents

|i Edward Ingraham, of ,Bristol, Conn. Wakulla is not alone one of the best FOR UNWED STATES, 26S fc S67 CANAL, ST., EW YORK',

|'l The demand for slips exceeds the agricultural counties in the State, but Who (if your druggist does not keep them) will mail Beecham's

T t supply. Queen slips are readily does some manufacturing which brings Pills en receipt of price- /'inquire first. (Please mention this paper.)
i,l bringing $100' per thousand. considerable money into circulation.


''I '-- ; 1'4, ;" BELLEVIEW PHOSPHATE. CO. '



I To Orange Growers and Farmers :

t The Belleview Phosphate is the cheapest fertilizer ever offered, because it is the best. It contains at least three times more available plant food than can be
i found in any commercial acidulated fertilizer, and is sold for one-fourth'the price.
P We have the most complete plant in the State for calcining'and pulverizing phosphate.It .
It is the best because while its benefits are shown at once, it will outlast all others, and there is no possible danger in its use. It.being a great absorbent of
J moisture, i it is of great value as a mulckant. It is worth double the price it,is sold'at for:this.purpose alone. Hundreds have used it, and they all give glowing testimonials -
s of Ita value. Chemists and Scientists testify that it is the richest and safest fertilizer known.
We want every orange grower and farmer to try it, and for the next few weeks offer it at the following extremely low prices, at the mines :
Per ton, undried in bulk, $5 ; per ton dried and unground. $6.50 ; per ton dried and pulverized, bulk, $7.50 ; sacked, $1 extra. Special prices in round lob: "
1 Fifty pounds for a full bearing tree.is a sufficient quantity to use, and less amounts according to size of tree.
i It is good for cotton. It is good for all kinds of grain. It is good for all grasses. It is good for all kinds of fruit trees. It is good for strawberries and all kindsof
vegetables. '
Send all orders, and apply for any*further information as to freights, etc.,'to T. D. OIBBENS, '
Secretary and Treasurer.* ,
Box 519, JACKSONVILLE,,.',FiA.;
: 'The analysis of this soft phosphate, as given by Serge Malyvan, of Ocala, is as follows : : 3
It:- .. _'- ,- Insoluble Silicate and Sand...............................................................18.76 '
,, '.", Carbonate of Lime............. *..................;............'.......:.................... 4-S6 .... .'
Phosphoric Acid;.............. .............................. ... ........((27.63)) .
equivalent to Bone Phosphate of name... ..............................: ..:...........60.73 .
r Oxide of Iron................ ............................................................. .74 ,;,
' Oxide of Aluminum.....................i...0............................................ 2.07 '
) Magnesia,Soda, etc..... ..................... ................ .......;.......;....*.......'6.59 ,
, Moisture................ ........ .......t...'.. ............................... ...... 6.55
He also says : "Your phosphate (referring to the Belleview Soft Phosphate i ))will i soluble by gradual tp.; under the influence of rain water, provided perfectly
burnt and pulverized in fine powder.** .
\ .. The same eminent chemist gives a further analysis of the solubility of this phosphate in Citrate of Ammonia, which is about the'same strength as rain water,
1 1 as follows : P 1
j '"Two Analysis-one giving 48 per: cent soluble in Citrate of Ammonia, the other giving 51.40 per cent.,soluble in Citrate of Ammonia", an average of 49.70 percent.
. of Bone Phosphate of Lime, the equivalent of 22.66 per cent of Phosphoric Acid Citrate of Ammonia." I It
t. The-greatest amount of available Phosphoric Acid in any of the high'grade commercial fertilizers is 6 to 9 per cent. l'

I JACKSONVILLE,FLA.:,Inn!:25th,1891. JACKSONVILLE' FLA.,June 12, 1891.
.benefit, and for Orange Farmers in Florida, that the car load of Soft Phosphate which I had from
Sir Enclosed please find my order for. two more cars or'Solt Phosphate. I have used
t your Company In April U entirely satisfactory.
I placed the same on one hundred trees in my grove, at Lake Como. It has given my trees a seventy-five tons of this Phosphate, and have noted with much Interest its effect on my
most wonderful growth,given the foliage rich,dark gfeen color, and for pine! land groves,at least. Orange Trees. The first car load I applied to something, over five hundred trees ,and )
t( is just what is required. at small cost. I shall in future use it if you have it for sale and shall discontinue '
the results have been simply marvelous. The adjoining five hundred trees received
use of Commercial Fertilizers, adding to it small amounts of Sulphate Potash. I can most no fertilizing: ,
cheerfully recommend it to Orange Growers. Truly yours C. B.. SMITH.: and the difference between the two fieldS is something wonderful On one side every tree has startBnu.nviaw :.
t ,MARION Co., FLA. June 8, 1891. ed with a vigorous growth. The finest foliage that I have ever seen in a grove. 'The trees which received
T D.GIBBENS. Secretary Belleview Phosphate Company Jacksonville, Fla.: bear Sir-In answer no application! have Just commenced to start up. Mr. McMasters, of the firm of McMasters&
t to your InquirY'; Whit have been the results of your experiments with the Belleview Phosphate Miller of San Mateo,visited my grove a'few days since and expressed himself as being very much "
Company's SOFT PHOSPHATE? I am happy to say that the results have been very': gratifying in. astonished at,the growth of the trees where the Soft Phosphate had been applied. If you remember at
deed. I have only tried it in its RAW STATE as it comes from the Mines(without drying or being$ the first shipment Phosphate was made less than sixty days since and, until the last few-days,we
pulverized),on Roses last fall and this spring on Keley Plums LeConte Pear Peach and Orange have had very little rain. .
Trees especially the latter where I tried it side by side with high grade Commercial Fertilizer.I: am fully convinced: : that one ton of the Belleview Soft Phosphate has a greater value as a plant ::
I Apparently there is very litUe difference in the growth and looks of the trees,but the difference in food than a ton-of,any.Fertilizer>thai has ever bea.brought into the State,and I would warmly recommend ::
the price is so great that I shall use the Soft Phosphate in the future altogether.: its use to the Orange Growers of the State. ;i
t Yours truly P. H. WALTERS. Yourstal1. D. GREENLEAP <
.' ".', ,... .. ,. ', .' "','M. :'-.,'''' ,.".' > ....."!


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of his. fruit- to New York f and r Atlanta r+ I United States for various crops during luscious fruit, paying enormous ratesto Since going to,Merrifielc} Mr. Wnite

and said some to the ,consumers at 1889 'was'follows: Hay, $10; corn, the railroads. One of our farmers has erected a handsome house, so
home, averaging, all round, about 15 i $8; wheat, $10; oats, $7; cotton, $25; got less than'$i5 for a carload of mel. ro'my we were lost in admiration of
cents net :per ,pound. He: has the I rye, $7, etc. No other general farm ons on which he paid more than $70 it. After dinner Mr. White kindly
Niagara, Concord, Delaware and the i crop, with the excerption _of tobacco, freight besides the expense of hand provided carriages and escorted us
Ives's Seedling, all ofr/which.bear, can compare with potatoes as grown ling. This is an "evil under the sun," over:: the immense rice fields. Thence
especially the Concord, which, he says i in Florida. and no mistake. Constitution. was in various stages, having been
he likes as_well as the Niagara for this Dr. D: I. Beecher:, living near L. Warrock & Co., of Jacksonville, planted at different times as a test,
climate, and he will cultivate that va- Plant\ ,City, is said to have the best are putting,up pears in preserves by the and could be seen from the tiny spears
riety largely,-Orlando Reporter. corn crop in the county, His cropis thousands, in all kinds of jars. LeConte just showing above ground to the tall

The boys brought in an'alligator on estimated at from forty to fifty pears' are unusually plentiful and are rice, waist high, heading out. It wasa
Sunday last which they-had killed on bushels to the acres and was on flat grown principally in West Florida. lovely sight and if the opinion of a
the lake shore. The saurian'had. 'been woods, land. The crop was fertilized They do not amount to much! when novice is to be relied upon looked like
found basking in the' 'sun, with a with,'burned cotton seed meal, bought raw but are the quintessence of ele there would be a prolific crop.-Coast (;
moccasin snake dangling negligently after the fire at Fuller's warehouse. gance when preserved.T. Gazette.

from his mouth. He, appeared indisposed The tobacco crop of Hernando K. Godbey, of Hawthorn, the
and was easily despatched.New .- county for 1890 is not-reported at all present peach season shipped from
Enter rise. by the census department notwithstanding four acres of trees, one half of which Dyspe3Fiia] is tile banD

According to the statistics furnishedby it was more than four timesas were only' two years old, 1,033 boxes
the Florida-Iepaitment;: of Agriculture large as that of Citrus, 'Duyal or of peaches, netting him $5 per bushel. of ear the and present its attendants generation.Sick It fa fonts Head
and which are presumably correct ,Polk and. .full half. ,as large again .as This beats oranges. Now don't every.. ache,Constipation and Pile,that
and reliable, our State producedin that of Holmes county. Why.this in- body rush into peach culture at once.

1889 1,713,733 bushels of sweet justice ?-iV wr. .' Postmaster Greer has received from
potatoes _on about '15,000_ acres of One of the best commentaries ;on Los Angeles, Cal., ,a lot of Au-tralian ifOsDPiii'sI
land.. The Department estimated' the the difficulties of our farmers is seen Lady' Bugs," which he has turned

value of this crop at'$735,375' or less now, in Middle Florida in the thou loose on an orange tree in his grove. I I

than 45 cents per'busheL,,, This wouldbe sands of melons that are rotting the This variety' is a little larger than the I I peediljr become and so gently famons.on he They directiveonrans alt -
at the rate of about $56 per acre.; fields. Many growers have stopped .Florida beetle of the same name, and giving them tone vigor to
The cultivation of :the potato is not shipping. Others on the principlethat said to be more destructive to the : gortoaaaimlratefood.llogrlpingornaaaea. *

expensive, and the crop is a certainone. "half a loaf is better than no orange scale insect.-Manatee Advo Everywhere.Office .
The average gross yield in the bread," are still sending forward the cafe. ,30 & 41 rark.PlaceN.Y

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Gold Medal Business College. STATEMENT OF THE CONDITION
.The Commercial College of Kentucky University OF 1.GRo
r Lexington, Ky. received Gold Medal at exchange offers inserted free. State Lr. .:=--I1 IJ I

World's Exposition Read advertisement THE NATIONAL BANK what you have and what you want. ... rARMtRtuutMtt IQ.r.NKMNWIWTE5 1
f 1 a i uutr.JrJ
___ _
to subscribers
j State Agricultural and Mechanical OF THE STATE OP FLORIDA, only. ,

I College, Lake City, Fla. I AM very anxious to fill out the years 1880 to CHAS._W._DACOSTA Publisher.

This leading educational institution of the State Jacksonville, at close of business July 181891. 1890 inclusive of Harper's.Scribn 's.Century
closed its most successful year in June and will and Leslie's monthlies, and will give the full Term of Subscription;

begin under the'eighth still more favorable annual session auspices.October The 1st faculty,1891, ASSETS.Loans dispose value in of.exchange No matter to any how one few who you have has ,any please to For one year .. .... ... ... ......|2 00

and equipment hare been greatly increased and and discounts................. 477145.88 write stating what you would like in exchange. For six month . .._...100
expenses are now lower than at any other first. United States bonds............. .... 139,715-35 H. R. OLIVER, Palm Spring, Orange Co., F1'a."CENTAWORD" 49-Subscriptions In all CAMS cash In ad-
class college. Other stocks and bonds... ......... 32.745.09
The entire cost for a year, including uniform, Real estate, furniture and fixings... 29,488.02 vance. '
need not exceed 1125, while many students earn Current expenses and taxes paid.,.. 898.92 COLUMN.To Ra.t* of AdTe>rfl.inff application.

j apart or all of their expenses. REMITTANCE should be made by Check,
I .J Besides CASH RESOURCES.Due insure insertion in this column advertise
high school
a or preparatory depart. ,
Postal Note Order Letter
,Money or Registered *
ment Jour full collegiate courses are sustained, from banks and bankers ments must be accompanied: by the money.
giving advanced work in Classics, English Liter ............ ....-......1260,65841 Advertisements must not exceed words. ,to order of
& I ature Agriculture Mechanics Mathematics, Cash on hand ..it... 66,415.74 FLORIDA DISPATCH AND FARMER
% Science, Military Civil Engineering and Busi Due from Treasurer of Postage Stamps received in payment. AND FRUIT GROWER

ness. United States............ 1,12500328,199.15 Count every word,including name and address. ,
;. ,Cadets have skilled daily medical attendance Jacksonville. Fla.

3,. free.Write 11.008,192.41
the President for catalogue containing PLANTS-Newnan, Hoffman
full information* LIABILITIES.Capital STRAWBERRY plants prices reasonable.A. [NEW SUBSCRIBERS ONLY.]

.,L.TRACY, McClenny, Florida. 7-3<>-3t
Stock............,............. fioo.ooo.oo .
REPORT OF THE CONDITION SURPLUS AND PROFITS............ 55,134.91 (Robusta) and Grevillea Robusta BIGPreminm0ffer
National bank notes................... 22,500.00 EUCALYPTUS( oak) are the most beautiful
I OF Due depositors......................... 83os. 7.50 evergreens for shade and ornamental purposes;
of the most rapid growth of all trees adapted to

THE FIRST NATIONAL BANK $11,008,19241 Florida. Pot-grown plants, prepaid by mail, 2S
STATE FLORIDA cents each; five for $i. Special prices on large !
OF ) as. orders. Address H. E..DEMAUD, Eustis, Fla.
OF ,)
OF FLORIDA, 7-3-2t
I, J. N. C. Stockton,Cashier the above named
At, Jacksonville the State of Florida, at the bane, do solemnly swear that the above state SALE-Pure Cloud seedling strawberry _
I close of business, July 9,1891 : ment is true to the best of my knowledge and FOR Will fill orders after August 5. De- THE

belief. J. N. C. STOCKTON, ': livered at the depot in Lawtey:, in good order, at
RESOURCES.Loans Cashier. the following rates: One to four thousand,$2.50 JP 1* O "R I X> JL

and discounts................... $265,67175 Subscribed and sworn to before me, this list I a thousand;over five thousand, $2.25Cash must
Overdrafts secured and unsecured...., 5,776.29 day of July, A. D. 1891. accompany all orders. CHAS. H. CHURCHILL, Dispatch Farmer and FruitGrowerFor
U. S. bonds to secure circulation..... 50,000.00 THOMAS P. DBNHAM. Lawtey, Fla. Care S. M. CHURCHILL. 7-23-101
Stocks securities, claims, etc.......:.. 34,910.00 Notary Pub{ie. one year and a copy of
Due from other National banks...... 22.968.58 Correct-Attest: PINEAPPLE slips wanted. State price per
Due from State banks and bankers... 27,048.16 GEO. C. WILSON Address J.W. & F.D.Waite Belle- WMtner's in
i Other Banking real house;furniture and fixtures, 22,500.00' RAYMOND D. KNIGHT, view, Marion Co.. Fla. 733-5t .Gardening Florida,
estate and

................ ....mortgagesowned. ........... 8,099.78 D. G. AMBLER, Directors. FOR orange,lemon or grapefruit trees,address ALL FOBWhltner's i .OO !
Current expenses and taxes paid .-.:. 10,036.97 B. WALKER, manager Lake Region Nurseries -
Premiums U. S. bonds...... ..... '9,000.00 Auburndale, Fla. 7->34tPTRAWBERRY -
Checks and other cash items.......... 8322.53 Calling attention to the'above statement we Gardening in Florida is ahandsomely
I Bills of other banks..................... 12,750.00 respectfully solicit accounts: from bankers, merchants PLANTS-Michel best for -printed and bound book of
Fractional paper currency, nickles, and individuals guaranteeing as liberal O home use, Cloud and Newnan for shipping.Plants .
and cents........... ........" ..... 281.04 treatment as is consistent with bankin%. We are large, well-rooted. B. H. ALDEN Lawtey, >5<>pages,being comprehensive treatise
Specie............................ ..... 10469.00< the designated depository of the United States Fla. 7-16-3m on the vegetable and tropical products of
Legal-tender note .................... 26,566.00 for the State of Florida as well as the depositoryof Florida, by Prof. J. N. Whitner, A. M.
Redemption fund with U.Treasurer the State of Florida. Correspondence solicited< : SALE-300 Villa Franca lemon trees, 25
FOR This book is much after for its
(5 per cent of circulation)..... ...... 1,855-89 with a view to business.D. each. F. E. WELLS, Bartow, Fla. sought
-- G. AMBLER, J,N. C. STOCKTON, 7.2-4t practical information.
TotaL.... ......................... $516,256.99 President. Cashier. $2.00 buys the book and our
THOS. P. DENHAM WANTED-1,500 to 2,000 rough lemon or grape for one
paper year.
one or two years from seed,
Ass't Cashier.
capital stock paid in ................. $ 50,000.00 must be thrifty. J. P. MACE, Lake Helen, Fla. This is certainly a grand offer. Sendin

Surplus fund......,.*............... 10,000.00 7.2-2t orders at once.

National Undivided bank profits notes...4.outstanding.35I6o.oo................ 46,72927 THEBEAUTIFUL SALE-One second hand WashingtonHand C. W. DACOSTA,'

Press for sale cheap at this office.
DEPOSITS. Write for particulars. Jacksonville Fla.,

Individual deposits subjectto
check.. ............... $296,686.74 v V7.oti DO YOU NEED PRINTING OF ANY KIND? TN CIRCUIT COURT, Duval County Ftorlda-
Demand certificates of de. Send to DaCosta Printing and Publishing 1 Attachment.
posit.Certified : House, Jacksonville Fla. HENRY SIMMONDS AND .
checks.. ...... 1,596.47-306,587.26 -_. _.- --- --- --- JOHN NEWTON partnersas
Due to other National banks.......... 46.47 e BOOKS of every description neatly and durably SIMMONDS fit NEWTON Amount sworn
Due to State banks and bankers...... 31,000.99 at. DaCosta Printing and Publishing } to. f--
House, Jacksonville, Fla. vs.

Total...............,................ $516,256.99 9 110 MORTIMER J. BRENNAN.J.
STATE OF FLORIDA T)2P AIR your old family Bibles; make them as To Mortimer I. Brennan, Defendant, and all
COUNTY OF DUVAL (\I'll. l\ good as new. DaCosta Printing. and Publishing Other Persons Interested. .
House,Jacksonville Fla. You will take notice that a writ of attachment
I, Bryan Taliaferro, Cashier of the above named hastteen issued in the above entitled cause, and
bank, do solemnly swear that the above state;. that a levy under said writ has been made by the
went is true to the best of my knowledge and sheriff or said county; and you are hereby required
belief; BRYAN TALIAFERRO, NE\V\ BOOK ON FLORIDATo to appear and plead to the declarationfiled

Cashier. in such cause: on or before Monday, the 5thday
Subscribed and sworn to before me this i8th I C 0 be published immediately. A handbook on of October A. D., 1891, otherwise judgment
day of:July, 1891. TAMES L MUNOZ, will be applied for according tp law.
.' Notary Public, Duval County. the early Explorations of Fernando DeSoto in JORDAN & MCBRIDE.

Correct-Attest;: 1111 MILE".CINCINNATllllhortea' Sixteenth Century by P. Win stone. Price 25 6-25-3m Plaintiffs' Attorneys.
.. ", JOHN CLARK, Qui cents. Apply to Box 135, Ft. Meade, Fla. TN CIRCUIT COURT, Duval County, Ftotfda-
: kest. 1 Attachment.
i t1. a ]. C. S. SCHUMACHER, ,
:..., ," Directors, Compartment and Pullman Palace Sleeping Cars HALSEV FITCH AND.WALTER -"!
4 ..._...__._..__.._....... __ __ throughwithout"changemakingdirectconnection JACKSONVILLEA S. FITCH partnersas I
tf HALSEY PITCH & Co. }Amount sworn
WANTED.. in CENTRAL UNION I I vs. I to, |-
DEVON Cattle and ESSEX Hogs that have To Mortimer J. Brennan, Defendant, and all

bees reared in the cotton belt. Give descriptions, and the WEST and with Through Car lines forCHICAGO n.rvr.orciua o. Other Persons Interested:
You will take notice that a writ of attachment
breeding and bottom cash: price for single animals and the Monuments Head-stones baa been issued in the above cause and that a levy
and carload lots of cattle delivered in Thom- | under said writ has been made by the sheriff of

asville Ga. Address OAK GROVE, Newburgh, NORTH-WEST, Grave-borders, and aU said county and you are hereby required to appear
and plead to the declaration filed in said
also with Through Car
New York. .
73021ACABEM DETROIT: I Manner of Marble cause: on or before Monday, the 5th day of October -
Lines for A. D. !1891.otherwise judgment will be ap-
JaIl. 'CL1ISE1L. and Granite Work. plied for according to law.
EmIT and Points In Canada "
V. #S tail MtiNCONSUMPTION.' and the 2AST. Catalogues and dticns seal ea .6-25-3111_. Plaintiffs' Attorneys..
--- -
PreMner.t'ButDeel, Ualy. application.t
of Va..
aDcfWeeC PaID&.. Catalogue addrft8 only one Change of Cars to CIRCUIT COURT, Duval County. Florida-
x.J.A..ltUTH.Betbet, AC&d.DJ7 Ve A fi vT&rfiQ a .a W.ANTED. Attachment.

Meridian, | NEW ORLEANS I We also deal la Win aad Xroa THOMAS ROBERTS, ]08. E. |

ndnx./ Poultry K.ttta Tara TAYLOJl.AJIDGEOIlGEW.)]
B. ROBERTS partners as I Amount sworn
.JACKSON, VICKSBURG, Points In I and Lawn Jsaoss. OftUSi as.. ROBERTS& Co., f to, |-

I bar*a poetM+*iwMdy+ far the abov dfesass;by UsBM TEXAS and the MORTIMER vs.J. BRENNAN.' |
a.rrof. eases of the wont kind sad of loaf' I I WEST.
iaaA. g ban beea oared. Indeed sterna is my faith To Mortimer J. Brennan Defendant, and all
fai Hs. ...,.that I will rend TWO BOTTLKS n .rih. Passengers via this line are afforded an excel Other Persons Interested:
notice writ of
You will take that a attachment
.VALUABLKTEKATIBK on this diseasetosnyadlenswifewlseedmethetr lent view of Lookout Mountain and surrounding
has been issued in the above causel: and that a
gassersand P.O.'Miss. historic under said writ has been made I the sheriff
I scenery. ITT
-r. A. SI*****. M. C* 181 Pearl_8U, N Y:, of said county; and you are hereby required to
S..C_RAT, S. E. Pass.AgL Atlanta, Ga. appear and plead to the declaration filed in said

DUY A HOME CHEAP.pleasant home can D.J. MULLANEY, Div. Pas*. Agt, Chattanooga.D. cause on or before Monday,the stb day of ()do..
D be secured on the installment
plan. Nice .
her. A. D., 1891. otherwise judgment will be applied
house aad two loU in,ODe of the most pleasant G.EDWARDS; Gr P..&T. A., for according to law. .
locations: in the city. Address, CHAS. W.
DA- &
COSTA,Jacksonville, Fla. :' '. CINCINNATI -- ., Lava $1., .- J ...... Via, 6-2-ya Plaintiffs' Attorneys.. .

-' .. -' .. .# : .! 4 ::_ -. ..... '. ....,""' -







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L Latest Designs in Parlor and Bedroom Suites in Antique Oak
Cu" O' !
.. JlI'n" ',br'f' 1R; 7': rr Mahogany, Cherry, Walnut and Imitation Hall Stands,

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.. t ..- Goods, Desks of all Kinds and

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42 .
"?- YOU THE BEST BA }' g. .



f Carpets. Mattings, Curtains,'Window Shades, Hanging Lamps, China and '

Crockery' Sets, Tin Toilet Sets, Mirrors, Curtain Poles and Brackets., ,
: '
Hotels .1 Boardintr Houses Shins, Steamers Offices and Private Residences Furnished from Tqp to Bottom.

tI/r7/ When writing,please mention. this paper.. .

,, ._ -
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$2 i..:>> NEW HIGH ARM.
Style as shown in cut,with fall
set attachments,self-setting needle
and threading shuttle.
You can get irvw u achlnes onr
!of manufacturers. gave Canvas
BowkesT \ Ben'Commissions of$Z.- Sent on
trial. Warranted 5 years..
w Wt pay Freight. Philadelphia,Fv

SUPPLI S.We ,.:'ot.Jiu tips"
TOOLS aDd other
pUea Onr 8ptJr. >W Cfabr them_ s.; ...
FIRM FRUIT that holds on until it is (#"L... 8eu4 alao tae om CDCC Bend MoiflCCs .
BRIGHT Special .circular for mom
; a strong, healthy, vigorous growth of complete SEED CATALOG published .
both tree and, fruit are the results reported by large .IT Md 810 Market__ PMbuJelphU.P_ _. .

experienced; .planters, :in Florida who are using A "Grave" Subject. V
this 'popular Fertilizer.:'. supplies; to the tree at the Jacksonville Marble Co. Is conalered
: .. .
one lft the largest and most responsible nan*
proper.time in the proper form; and in the proper BAST COAST POULTRY. YARDS. :timers ana retail dealers in monuiflMits
arni headstones in the United States fceir
all the elements to Fourteen varieties of,land and water fowls.)
proportions! bring perfect, healthy wo :always giving satisfaction. They lave
Indian Games, Imperial Pckin offiles> and works at 530 W. 20th street, ew
maturity. Yoqc[ 25 Laura street, Jacksonville, ,
Ducks. Turkeys." Tan-'a, F1a.J and Orlando Fla.,and a des
,BOWKER'S "VEGETABLE .GROWER and BOWKER'S TOBACCO Poultry snpplle*of. ]fl kinds. 8 nd a Osal! at i di rent points in the&uth Str and

GROWER are also special complete Fertilizers, card for my .new Illustrated catlogin# and W'st lEIS.f _S
price' |US'II
carefully and,scientifically compounded for the-purposes Eggs to Hatch.K .

mentioned, and are extensively used in Florida. BOW: ( I .iI.iIto
W. AMHDKN.: Ormoml._ FT*.

combination for those, requiring these ingredients. SULTRY T and even-ola;maD postage,young paid middle-aged.Addreu

Chemicals_ at market rates. hu ont.381ColumbnAva.Boston.Mum.

Send.for Illustrated Catalogue, Free.. &i IHE mmf OF MANSTREMG1H.VITALITY

o. Trade :. FOR TOOLTHV How Lost! How Regained,, f+

Will Make Henfi Lay! '
Will Make: Chicken Grow I 1. ,.
IThorouzh/Practlcal Instruction. Graduates as- Tnl rood IK strictly fresh meat carefully t
listed to positions. Catalogue free. Write to
A k 8 DiiIT.&S STATTON BUSINESS COLLEGE I ally sealed In 8-b! can Being ground'fine,It t
in be readily mixed with soft food and fed

":_ __LOUISVILLE: KY. <>as to give each fowl an equal share. Prig KWTHY5ELESCIENCE
o>cte per can; 't per doz. Address HOLM" THE OF LIFE -
IT l o :"OSWOD". DRESSED> MEAT &: WOOL CO., 20 North A Scientific and Standard Popular Medical Treatise
wt.nQ. Maits. f Mention pAper.' on' tiu Errors of Yonth, 'rematart ,Nerroa
9 8ta8dard' and Physical pebility.Imparities of the Blood.tXHAUSTFDYlTALITY.

Bsaft 00 trill. FteIPt P 1J
't TON I" $3 5' ,7l s-t I. ..lorLOSTorI'AILINGXANnOOr
,J ._ I Lw. h arr.nted I I 3eaeral' and NERVOUS DEBILITY UHTOID MISERIES
I, Weakness Body and Kind, Effect*
lSil OO &VIfl PSOk, Olsda ten NY : .
1:.>>....1. SMI.84)HOOD ofSrrorsorExMMMtaOldorYoaeir hUr ke.t.r.d. B.w t.....".IMAX.fJIDKnLOPXDORaiXSAriKTSOrtODT!. Resaltlng frem Folly,Vice,Ignorance,Excesses or
... ..'' OrertazaUoat.Eoenrating and unfitting! tbe victim i k
I C.UREFITS: I'\IoIal.,.t..tuy', ."'."f.&lll 50.r l&a&1KMIK.u4'I'RUTUJ'e..I.e I'tp c..an.. Write I*a th.4tJ.DMertptlnt ... for Avoid.Work,BasLneja,the Married or Social l Relation.
Bo k.mukU.a M4M ...)frMk Contains :POIIeY'" peat
_When I;say care I do not mean merely to stop tb mler Mtem ERIE MEDICAL CO., BUFFALO,N.Y. work.. It 8ro. BeaJ&fel,
a lime aDd tbea have them tetras apiD. 'I means binding,emboated,fall gat. -Price oat, 11M by
made the diaaas of FITS KPI man postpaid,concealed: In plain wrapper Dlsadia .
I bar
ra&ealcaM. ..
......... I t.rathe '
f.apsv or PALLING SICKNESS a Iifa4on study. ''1 .10 Frospectagthobr Win. i Parker now The
wwsatHVwmady' to cure,the wont eases ,Beanie, DIR CT SALES *t. IGKLY47 eelyecHh. M.D.,.re-
oihe is 11&,..failed to no raaon: for aol DowreoeiriDC.. ATTRNT100t FRCIT AXD VIOKTABUC O&owEBa. J from the GOLD Natleaal AND Medical JEWELI AuooIa.fer.aJaI. D MEDAL
ear. 8.da&onoaf a twat.t; "The >o.SCUtaw.7'teecwlde..C'I3.501 eaubwltb PRIZE XSSAY '
and Port CHloe. order. Full stock In warehouse. Send for circulars.a. .' .oll NEBYOUB'and.
Gift Kxprees
tBlaliBtl remedy.
Pearl 8fc, N.,T. 8. HUBBARD State Ajp-nf DEBILITY.Dr.Parket..acorp.
.... (i.. ROOT. M. C 188 hecferat Point.Fla or Assistant Pbysldans may be consulted coefldentMr -
by mail or 'in at tbe tee of
ANSY PILLSl s's'B..ate.ta" abject"'/B I U Q to SPASMS The best remedy an most for likely this!.troubled the celebrated with THE PEABODY MEDICAL INSTITUTE.
second hand ,
,. : F'OR. SALE-One Washington. .. .B.A.F'AHNESTOCK'S VERMIFUGE.eenMyearMaBMandneverfailaw No.4.Bntflneh St.,Boaton.Maaa.,to wheel att
I, .. Hand Press for sale cheap at this ohot.Wtieiprpntt ObeerrepextleaIn enters for books or letters for advice should bf
I ........ e.e." ,-.." : calga.: ,. '' u:'a .; 1erJJWhat t.b !f i l anB.4.thua&Yoi4iDC: l taidoHi dIrected as abort. .

f. ,
-- a


"I' .,. r. .. r,_ _




.- ... r -


Clyde Steamship Co. -

Timers to 55 hours, between Savannah. New York and.Philadelphia

and between Boston and Savannah 65 to hours.
: 70
: New York, Charleston and 'Florida Lines., .

f Tk.' aMgaiftowrt 'Stwuaahipa' of 'this Line are appointed Ocean Steamship Company.

to wil follow
I M _, '
( TAXBABD'l'I...) (Central or 90 Meridian Time)
r... ... York, -' '. Frcaa JaekeonrUl.
(PIer l,>c.1i, ) 6TBAidEB, Florida. PaMsage ,Rates "
Monday 3n1y21th, at 8 r. x.i."YEJlA88E-E".8undiPJ, Augg 2d; at., :30P.
Wednesday, July 2Kk, at 8 P.8ICMINOLE". .Tuesday Aug. 4th, at 3OOpx. Between Jacksonville and New York?lit class, IB&80;Intermediate,$19.00;Excursion,U&608teera
") July, 3lK, at.3 P.X....".IBOQ.UOI8".Thursda. ), Ausr. 6th, at., 6:00 A.x .112.50..
( y, Auc. 3d. at I p.x..."ALGONQUIN' SundaY, Aug. '9th, at 7:00A...
j Wednesday, Aug. &t ,.atIP.X."OH.ROKEE".Tuesday: Aug 11th, at 8:30A.x. Jacksonville and Boston: Cabin 9Z7JM:Intermediate,181.00; Excursion4f7.30;Bteerage;$llX-
Friday, Aug. 71k, at 8 P. M."YEMASSEE".Thursday.' Aog 13th, at 10OOA..x.I THE Magnlfloent_Steamships' of this Company are appointed to 1&11.follows
, Monday Aug.Hlk, at a.SBIUNOLE"Sunday, Aug 16th, at 1:00 P.x. FROM SAVANNAH' 'TO NEW TOB)[.
I Wednesday, Aug.1 M 8 P.. M.."IBOQUOIS" ..Tuesday Aug 18th, at 2:30P.x.
l' Friday, Aug:14th, M.P.X."AL90NQUlN"Thu.ta7, Aug. 29th, at 4:80A.. f Central or 900 MerldIanTlme.)
i Monday Aug.17th, at 8 P. x. ...OIUBOJrEECSunday. Aog 2nd,, at 7t00A. x. CITY OF BIRMINGHAM.,Capt.. Bur*.... .Saturday, Ang. 1- 3.80pm
f Wednesday. Aug.19th; at I r. x... ..TuesdaT. Aug. 26th, at 8:30A.x. CITY OF SAVANNAH ..'................................:...-.....Monday, N 3- 6.04pm
Friday), Aug. Esi, at8 X8IMINOLE".Thund: Aug. 27th, at 10:001.x. TALLAHASSEE Capt. Fisher.'._......-..._......_.....Wednesday, fr- LdOpm
. Monday Aug.24th,.atIP.x."I.OQU\JIS" ..MondaT. Aug. 30th; at 1:001'.M.Wednesday KANSAS CITY, Ca pt.Kempton................................... Friday, 7- 7 JO am
,. Aug.28th;atlp."ALG05QUIN"Taesday, Sept let, at 2:301'.x. GHATTAHOOGHEE. Capt. DaggetL......................-......Saturday, 8- toopm
Friday,. Aug._ at8 P. :.."OHWBOKEE".ahursdaT, Seat3d. at 4:80A.x; NACOOCHEE,Capt. Smltn............-..............................Monday, 10- 900pa
Monday, AUC. 31H, ata P. x. k."YEMAS8EE".Sunday, SepL 6th, at 6:00A.x. CITY OF BIRMINGHAM, Capt. Burg.......... .............WedDe da7.II 12- 10.30 a.
CITY OF SAVANNAH...........:-.h......:............. ...... ....Friday, It ,14-- 12.30 p_
TA T.T.A tlASSEJ:. Capt..Fisher.............-........_........Saturday. 15- ,L80pm
KANSAS CITY, Ca t. Kempton ,......... ...........,............Monday,' 17- & JpmCHATTAHOOCHEE '
F St.' Johns River Line. ; Capt. Daggett ..... ........_......Wednesday, 19- 6.oopm
.. NACOOCHEE.'Capt. Smith .._.__.........__....-._ .Friday, M 21- ,,8.10.m
CITY OF BIRMINGHAM, Capt. Burg..-... .....,....... .. .Saturday, 23- 7.30pm
and.Intermediate Points the St. CITY OF SAVANNAH........................... .................Monday. 24- 9.00pm
t her: Sanford. JSnterprita: ,. on TALLAHASSEECapt.,. Fisher ...............................Wednesday, 26- 1100.m
John KANSAS CITY, CapLKempton....................................Friday, 28- 1.00pmCHATTAHOOCHEECapt.
River. Dagsett....... ....................Saturday, 29- 260pm
NACOOCHEE,Capt.Smith .........................................Monday, 81- 400pm

Leaves J&ebonvWe' for Banford Sundays,Tuesdays and Thursdays,at 3:80 p.'x. Be- CITY OF MACON, Capt.Lewis....................._.-_......Thursday, Aug. 6- 7.00am
turning,'leaves Sanford Mondays j Wednesdays and Fridays. ,at 10 A. x. GATE OITYfCap Doane.........................................Thursday, M 13- 1130 a m
CITY OF MACON, Capt.Lewis........... ...........................Thursday, 20- 6.00pm
STEAMER."WELA.KA.. ."" GATE CITY, Capt. Doane ...... ........ ....... ...... ..........Thursday, 27- 13.00 m

Leaves Jaeksoavllle for Sanford Mondays and Fridays at 3:80: p. x. Returning,leaves FOB PHILADELPHIA.
Sanford Bclay.and Wednesdays' ;at 7:0) A.'x. l (This Ship does NOT Carry Passengers.)

The above steamers are fitted up with first-class' accommodations for passengers,and DB8SOUG, Capt..Asklns........._................*.............Monday, Aug. 8- 'OOp' m
tables will be supplied with best In market., DESSOUG,Capt. Asklns .....:............__ ......_..._Thnrsday, 1411.00 a aOESSOUG
: Capt.Asklns............___. .. ....... ............Sunday, 2>- 8.00am
.... Geaeral. Pnooonger and Ticket Office, 88 West'Bay Street. THESE_ PALACE STEAMERS, w
.. >
,; "'-** *"F:;.M."IR:: --IfXBJfGUBR,t'',"88set'
to the Traveling Public and Shippers advantages equalled by no other line.
F. eGBElt FAT. Passenger,Agent,88,West Bay SL,Jacksonville,Fla. Through Tickets and Bills of to principal points North.But and Northwest
'... O. PVEI>OT, Frt. Agt,on:wharf;foot Hogan St.,'Jacksonville, Fla., via Savannah. For Information and rooms apply to
;JOHIt L. HeW ARB.. Fla.,:Frt.: Agent, foot Laura RL,Jacksonville, Fla. J. P. BECKWITH, General Agent, H. R. CHRISTIAN,Soliciting Agent
71 West Bay Street,Jacksonville. 71 West Bay Street.Jacksonville.,
'J. A. LESLIE Supt, foot Laura St.,Jacksonville,Fla R. L.WALKER Agent C. G. ANDERSON, Agent,
MARSHAL H. CLTBE, Asst.Traffic Manager.5 Bowling Green,New York New Pier No.85 North River,New York. City Exchange Balldln,SavaaaVi,01.
THEe.: JBGEB,Truffle Manager,6 Bowling Green,N.Y. RICHARDSON A BARNARD Agents Lewis' Wharf,.Boston.W. .
L. JAMES Agent,13 S.Third Street,Philadelphia.J. .
WM. P. O]: XD '& COr: Gen'l Agents !' D. HA8HAGEN, E<emAgen 8avM Fla.4 Western .Co,76i Broadway Y
.. G. M. SORREL Gen.Manager. W.E.ARNOLD,Gen.Trav. Agt. ,Jacksonville, Fla,
1ft Somtk Wkarr, PkU .eJ III.., 5 Bowling GreeK, V. T. ,For Tickets apply to 8.,F.&W.Railway office.

Williams & Clark- Fertilizer Co., ESTA.BLISHED 1875.

I w '.' NEW' YO RK. : :I 1' '- XT -TJ:. .JWI: .4... :J3C>..LJ -'="S. .

Branch Office, No. 7,2.9 Reynolds St., Augusta, Gac. WHOLESALE .'

> D. DUNCAN, Florida Salesman. Grain Garden Seeds and Fertilizers

,. .
4. ,A:.ericus. 'Orange: Tree Fertilizer, 20 WEST BAY" STREET, JACKSONVILLE FLA.

< :l' Americus. Orange Tree, No., 2,

:, Americus Ammoniated Bone Superohosphate) -
.- Ok
; ; Americus Pure Bone Meal. Americus Bone 'ana Potash,
'... /*. .,. Americus Strawberry FertilizerAmericus .' Hay Corn Oats Flour BranWheat Grits Meal
'. ,
i ? Sutohate of ,Potash,

< f! Florida Vegetable Fertilizer. COTTON SEED MEAL, Beth Bright and Dirk :

I ,

t Nr aBBKOSS: a F.Winton, Mandarin Fla.' Dr. H.'Knight, Bellevlew,Fla..;,)(.E. STATE: AGENT FOB PURE GHODND EON
Fla.Adr ,
W GodtTeyl.Mlnneo1a, -
.i an rreapondence to WILLIAMS.Ac CLARK FERTILIZER CO., J. E. Tygert A Ce.'s
Augusta, u.. NITRATE SODA,
Star Brand Fertilizers

.. SPECIAL CHINE Tree and Vegetable m T


Works o. These Fertilizers hare no superior In the market and a trial will oonflnce.M .


PINE Jtown ORGANS Prieectockwe.fikuy2m9t43to8montbly at Way. STU M PS.* :I AS a N & GO., Wholesale and B"iL t=,"* '" r"lf" sad

Will pull Grubor$16
.- Cash,talemet teJtoO. dl Ins YtNOTEb


If WIt be BOld. Cent lIoN. .
... Wrtt.for Bwcnhi Hh.et.UDOENC .rtw.AuMat..ItUa..A.aaa0o ,ua.borwwe. !WEE,.rat P Wholesale wen la 1 MILWAUKEE and B. & ,E. BEERS, a'a'Fi' w.tK .
,odd w La.al Jtw
k. 06s1.
b or
BATES ...tll.elm r.r 11111 pal M th. IIdSD" rte. Old Dominion White Rye and Celebrated Sliver Xlag Sour Mask 1875
1 1 I 1.. ..pocta1e&r4 aeaa nor u 1UsaVaSe4 c.ta d+ut ,
SAYAN NA 'tarn.s Office and Warehouse, 115 West Bay Street, Jacksonville, Fla.

.. ..
q; 4Y ..
,.1 .... I
,. m.
;'r, ''' -::: 1. .. .. !:
7 .. .,." .

11JoiY4,1Al \


--' ,'.. .: .


i- -


., 'THE J'm.m.tJ r ;..F 1 QltANP'FKm; .GBOJVEL. fJULY:,,30,1891 '. ,

J< = : '" ... ,: .q. J

: .. '. : c' .' .D - -, : 1-

', ,

Blood, and Bone: ':" :GMcao: Bone-iMTeal: : ''; .

Pin e',3Tine; ,Ground, Bone, ...:J, ;. i, .:. _" and :Briglit ,Cotton, ,Seed-Meal. ,
t 7 ; .
Animal ,:Bone and Potash: '," ,: ; Tobacco Stems. '

Blood,"Bone; and Potash,. .. Canada :Hardwood: :Ashes, }

:. *Pulverized Animal Bone, SultIiate of Potash, '&c., ,i.
-i i-
:Fruit: ; :.22d vtJ: : .e'., Elearfi:1: : 'Tre'e : r .', ," .; )t1 !F.:'

.h .' "r4y: : e T roe. :mrQQ a,, 'YqtnK; : :I '"rree.. .;J tyti, ," t

:'"- ... '-. :-.- it'.Veget.... ... n;1.1e i fl.d.: .Xe.. ; t xto C 'rower..t.:. ..' : ,;- -":. .:. "

GKBO.. ,E.. WTQ- I,. '. :- fr 5O West' ,Bay ,Sreet, Jacksonville, L Fla. ,, ;..
.. -- -- -- -- -- --
.. ,
--> -
) -- : -- I'---: ; -- /; .- ,
; P
:'. ,,:.,<: I I: NURSERIES OF -THE',, .

\ ,; ;/:-
Co. *
: ., ';-. ,.-
[ '::4, 1 Selected strains of Choicest Varieties of Citrus,Fruft'Trees a Specialty... '
--vt Budding-Wood for sale'at alt(times.
'. ..
s f Our. stof k is large and complete. PROMPT ATTENTION CORRESPONDENCE. For y

', Catalogue and Price-List,,address, t f :r ,--', ; ..
A. L. DUNCAN, Manager,_ Dunedin, Fla. '

... t '1
'., "aJO-HN'C-LARK: : SO'N&-CO.1 -', .{



., ;, r., 111; ; l' : ,


Coal I, Hay, Grain, :wiitlt';.. Liqoors, Cigars, Tobawo, Etc,

.'..R" -I', .. -. 4_ '- --- l ..r.Jc

G'.A.. 'J : .; ;.n:,' PRICa LIST OF WHISKEY. > ;,1-
Parker __._____..l.TL : J.IIJtla Kye;.;..,.._._.._,. .,88,00' .',
AB$0611TBLTBB;Bilt T.,, $MHtr.KeTr:Varies.: .'X99 years'*acted test la't#4 PItH proves tfenn tobcfryuUed Orange Valle)"_...._____ 2.00, VirfJOldKonrboB xla aladei.;;...'____,,,,,; '4.00 t
... fi wr tt0off> ?.crop''."1"The purity of the component materials and the scientific ac? spring v.lley_.__..........._ a.fio' ___.........,,,_, fi.OO 43
North Caro rDa Corn___ 2 all Kentucky Soar 8.all6.00
..,.c mcy wHh gHMlN rrT.'a. combined ed make,Brtdlej's Fertilizers the most perfect weDs the most.; Olif tOB. (JJBb __--:_> _.__' 'Old Baker":'..:":",,.l.;......;;.. 5OOJigs ,:
,economical"plant-food'the, 'or,vegetable Send for illustrated __ ___ '
orange ::grower, can use. ; betugfotty, D'lo.troae1VelTe' .". '6. o' "
+ pamphlet, ,, l extra;, 1' gallon a&c., 2 gallon:; 50c-, 3 gallon '!>C:; Remit"-by, ,pest office .
,BUADLEy'p''RlIJrl'I'R; -: GO. 2TibySt.BostU; {'UdUSTAQA$ : money order check registered ter" We cannot,ship.C:"0. D. to dry towns, t
r '
A:complete' price'list'of Groceries.,.and,Wine list.,. seat free O i'application.: 1

GREAT OFFER-"S SK": UPRIGHT PIANOS.AOTOBY ''1'h.:; ql rk. .Son.; t _,fcr- Co i i

V ,Organs ram, JNJ.ST IN UNITED ,STATES.. IA: SCHOOLTilting \

4 J I Alwa3 ready: for QUICK'gMIPMENTS of Finest ,all E.p
"F o ; Pianos and Organs Direct to.Y. ur Homes.- tq
01Ir .
7 befo t' .From REV.JAS.M.POTTS D.D. editor of Mich :men for;the actWe duties ot,lift..
1tK g igan Christian Advocate,DetroitMich.: "m say that Chartered by: the legislature Virginia;and J.
., ,,,e.are delighted.with.the Piano does.not express IAJN 0.S.UNEQUALLED endorsed by.the Chamber, of Commerce,Council,
"" *- J"* *.'3iTfpg.fact,. 'Yearejublkntt If all:your instruments ......' and prominent cHfceaeoO .city wbere located.
m is ? Soa:FUMO* -eVEn FALLS.. FA*- njjfcrone,your patrons wM fle? by the hundred'! IN J.GfDUNSMOKK! : ,President. ,SUantoa. ,Va.SiO. .
From PROF. E H. PECK,.Valbermoso'Springs' A1a.! "We could not"fee pleased better with '
the casing or tone;quick in response ahdwdfekms.In short we ue highly pteasedwith the organ.", Tone,Touch,Worknaitk'p s Durability: T $60.:" t f
Prom B.'D.GRIGGS;Adairsrille.. Ga.: "I am well pleased with the organ in. every respect. It is .
I all you claim it to be." 'V .- Baltimore,22 and 94 Hart(Baltimore Street.'.
Prom Y. M. C.A, per T.G.COOLEY Hillsboro; 'C.:.."The organ gives'entire satisfaction. New York, 148 Fifth Are."
,Every.one who hat fcea it is.very much pleased with the instrument and the price on the.same." Washington; Si?Market Space.a.a. THE MST, .IRKSfMWE OF,PRICE fI
Prom 11K.'Fs M"JIIft.It.'Prescot.;Ait:.1 "Mr family is welt pleased in every respect. with the .,. :
< 'TArm?tettvd attbcAgrtmitl
EsUblkhed 'It. Acres in ,Fruit 'NurS Ex.-'Grounds
; 1856. 200 : ry. suit MT a.14.Y. Color
ONE; ACRE;':UNDER GLASS / lender areenlshwblte', tweet and pulp de- I

: that U..IoUL.The ranks first otitr both impe In .
FRUITLANHURSER-IES I earliness and Quality
Each Tine sealed with
cur; refchterert trademark tr-
Aigest$ Georgia.We label. Bead for :
rurtnfrtnfortnatlon. Agents wanted
IddreM STEPHkN HOYTS t>O>8. New Canaan, Ct H ':!'
oflFer& DHT Fail and winter'delivery aa Immense stock of Fruit and Ornamental *, -- j.IJ. {,.
t itoMs+ Palms,etc salted teFIorida.iUL.tH; new..Peaches ,lately originated In Florida,. 1 v/!
Abe a superb stocci otJlvM'1Jl't"Mll,CedHnkM,Greenhouse plants;etc. :
i Our prodaethave been tested In Florida, for".thirtythree yean part. Catalogues free. o'tc t-, kL :
I No 'Agents.. AadreMf4 ,II :i.

1?. J., B; BRRGKMANS '!!
I \
i 1 UIitIMUOn.. aa::>> sQE r

:Bc: :>:a.:1:: : ZNV .&Tatt-wI: : T' c'i .* tn.t .

and Loan ,..
Building, Association, >> .l EXCL, &lVH'DKALHJtA


The teraM of this Aseeetetkm'have never been equaled: ia Florida It offers term that I.S **., < : "
r boot*enable every man tfi*instead of paying rent Ito.,a'landlord u ,- .ave" ..same,.,. sum pay'for. ... > AND. LiIH8.52K .
share ptotxrty in a few year' It offers beat terms to ,
pas ,ro'IJ West Bay,Street,." .'
.. WrHe for;.art..ars,to the alcove ne' t I ABsociatkm .'* ,. ,.....t.
{ "
'5 .Everett ,Block, Jacksonville' ,.,'Fla." ,. ...-.'.: JACKSONVILLE. FLOHIDA-v a ,,
A' "" .
.II .. .. -- ,
., #t' ::: .- }.: ,.. .. Wo, : ,- '''
.. ,. ,.... ..-.'.. "
.. .'f--, ', .'' ; > ..,, :.r'R.;.'.. :>.,.."...<...;
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'" ...........".. ........ ., g ,