Florida farmer & fruit grower
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055765/00182
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: S. Powers
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: May 28, 1891
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note: Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038466
oclc - 01387403
notis - AKM6256
lccn - sn 95026761
System ID: UF00055765:00182
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen

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4 '. DACegTA Pr.prleten.& POWERS, Jael eSvIlle, Flu*'Tkarl day, May 28, 1891. Whole No.-1165. y'f."II'LE' u 2.


FLORIDA FRUIT EXCHANGE, We now have a fine stock of Peach Seedlings "
AND OBCJWU-I Tfgatlonln New Mexico; Cotton Seed For Orange Tress ;rig Cultlra- and Mariauna Plum stocks ready for budding.

57 CHATHAM ST., BOSTON. tlon In Turkey{ . . .423: We can furnish buds of any varieties that hart
The Pecan as a Product'Florida; -Northern White Laborers at the South; *ttFertlllier been brought before the public without extra
.t Price Catalogue of weekly sale famished Analyses j Protecting Orange Tree; Phosphate Rock; The Orange Tree Spider;
and choice varieties
oa application.G.W.BABOTTT.. About Grape Seeds; ,. > ., .429FABXEB ,cost. Anyone any new
they wish propagated'will do well to corre-
AJTO TnucKia-Strawberries.In South Alabama; Choice Florida Syrup; Saving Hay ; spond with us beforecontra elsewhere. Our
: J. B.BABinKT' Onion Growing For Florida; Easy Irrigation; . 43APOULTET
88Tm 18I& stock is large and fine. Will receive contract orders =
-Eoop; Another Egg Record; Fowls or Eggs ; .427 of any size. All orders must be placed by l '

BROS., EDITORIAL-Notes;We Can Take Them; Refrigeration Without; .423 July ut. GRIPPING&BRADLEY,

BARNETT AGENTS Markets for Florida Produce; .mut and BostFungust; . .429 Pomona Wholesale Nurseries, Macdenny,Fla.J .

.Gin_AxoLAWir-Freeslast The Ch1 dren'! Gardens5; Improving Tillage Landscapes; Destruction -

FLORIDA FRUIT EXCHANGE. of the Pines; '. . ? '".430 F. HOBSON & CO., '. .

WheleHl OeudMeo; Midi tad Vept&\l. OVa RU&AX.Hoxz.-The Drink Curse; Scientific Cookery; Oatmeal BUlb; Sweet Pickled J No.2Q South Front Street "

prompt refers Tomatoes: .431' PHILADELPHIA.
,CTileagq Tax FAKXXBS ALUAHCB-Cabbage and the Mafia; The.A1Uance:Demands Unconstitutional; COMMISSION MERCHANTS.

,What Congress Can Do; MTne Tax Speculator"* .432
G S. PALMER, National Lecture Bureau; High Tide In Money; : . .433 Southern Fruit and Vegetables.President. Specialties.Beferences J -
-Dr. H. Ridgely Farmers
1 66 READE ST., NEW YORK. From Dr.Macume's Speech at Waco; The Story of Injustice;" Woman and the Alliance; Bank,Dover DeL;D.J.Cumnifnga,President Smyrna
The Toller Foots the Bill; 434 Bank Smyrna' Del; Florida Fertlllier Co. Gm.TIDe. .
SOUTHERN PRODUCE A SPECIALTY. . ,Fla.! Johnson Stokes Seed Merotoignts.218
The Reform Press; e .435: Market Palladelphla. CoL J. De V. Hazzard
'and all other '
Fruits o.rancLemOBl and early" ,truck Pineapples also,, dried fruits Transportation; The Japan Persimmon; Chinese Tarn ; . 439 Eustls.National Fla.BaDk.Phlladelph1a.;MaJ.; John Mulllns,Norfolk VM Produce

n ta,furs,Me. Stencils furnished when requested. Returns made
AU consignments promptly remitted tor. on day of sale.
Stencil, and market report furnished free.
References: Bradstreets. and eiablifee4 .' PATENT GRAZING "
merchant and bank of the Sooth

5 c,n 0 0 Vei7 choice Niagara grape root ODORLESS BUG-KILLER. MUZZLE.Our .

new Spiral Spring Muzzle allow stock
Five bud cutting of Niagara .
1'00,000 for sale cheap. to graze and prevents browsing. Price, |USeach
grape Kills Melon Bugs,tCU umber Bugs, Tomato Bugs and Worms, Potato Bugs, CabbageWorms b9 cash with
at factory,or 11 'postpaid,
: Beth from old bearing vine,well matured Cut Worms, Rose' Bugs:and.all other Bags, Lice, eta, destructive to vegetables,
wood and warranted true to name. plan.and shrubbery. Five-pound boxes,25 cents each, F. O. B. order. MOREMAN&CO.:,

I oaR locate a few very desirable 'homestead H. G. .HASTINGS- : CO., Interlachen, Fla., 5-2l-tf Swltseriaad, Fla.
I i *In South Florida. State
Seedsmen and Florists. Agents.
'.. O. ,L PAGE, Day Line--St.-Johns River
uburndale 'Polk Co. Fla.
!-fa:- '

PLUS :ClfRED.If ., :PROF. N. A. PRATT,. -. Consulting Chemist and Mining Engineer. Except Boaday.STB. .
a. L. PRATT, -' Assistant Chemist .ELIZA HARCOCYJeaves Jacksonville,
you suffer with any form'of this terrible foot Main St.,at 2 p.m.for Hibernia,Magnolia,

.loathsome disease .and desire to get cured Geological Mining and Chemical Bureau. Green Cove Spring, Plcolata, Federall'omt.

t promptly, permanently and cheaply, use Orange Mill* and, Palatka.. Leave Palatka
Turkish] Electric' Ointment.. 'Immediate re LABORATORIES, 73 WEST FOBSYTH ST., JACKSONVILLE, FLA., AND CORNER BROAD ANDMARIETTA 7-a.m., connect at Green ,Cove Spring for

lief. Action,cool and soothing. It 1*the only, STS.,.ATLANTA, GA. Melrose and Santa Fe.Arrives Jacksonville

I ;remedy In the world and cure the worst cases Chemical Analysis in all its Branches.' Geological, Mining and 12:30,p. m.,assuring early connection tor the

v in ex1 tence. Sent by, mall- on 'eCelpt.'otone Technical Advice phosphates' and Fertilizers a Specialty. North and West. E.V.H. POST, Gen.Agt,

dollar-no tree,samples: We mean business..: f E. W. EBBKTTS, On,Board.

Don't hesitate,but remit at once,'and address t.:I-* ."', FALL AND WIKTKB SEASON.1890 AND 188L 100 W.Bay St.

j;;_ plainly, TURKISH PHABMACY''Co.;. Albion.,
K.T.PATSTK. J. OVKHTON P. I1fZ.THE To introducethin
]salon.C Free Flowers bright, handsome

monthly,price 50 cent per year,into tee home
of everyone who love flower,who has a garden
FLORIDA. ,or who keeps poultry, we offer a three
months trial subscription and- a packet of
When: to Spray I mixed flower! seeds,over 360 kinds,for.only 10
< Office 50 West Bay'Street Warehouses and Wharves at the terminus of the F..C.des P..R.B., ftata In ltampe. "
How to;:.Spray, St.Johns River, East Jacksonville. ,' 5.5. WESTERN GARDEN,
and what Pomps to see 4-2-4mo ,Dea Molneo,Iowa.CANE .

0;. .- ,THE Agents,GOULDSIFG.ft.8eneca Wanted.* :' Manufacturers of Commercial .Fertilizers.

A : : Falls N._ Y.M .. MILLS
and all kinds of Chemical
Wholesale dealers In Importers of Agricultural
'Bend"us your name and we will mall yon from time'to tlm&much general Information More kinds and size of Mill and Evaporator,
regarding 1 orange and vegetable culture in Florida. for Sorghum and Sugar Cane,are made by The
BIy rayer Iron Works Co.,of CinctanatlO.,
than by any other works In the world. They are
the tole makers of the ndqr.Gnat Water and
The Finest Recommendation to be Obtained 'in the StateFlorida Experiment Station.-Jas.P JffUa MBit, the Genuine Coot. Evaporator, and tae
# DePan Director. Automatic Cook Evaporator Send for Catalogue,
The JEWETT &DWIOHTCO.MANUFACTURCRS LAKE Crrr F ..A.,Oct,39,18WiUXMB& Prices,and The Sorghum Hand Book.
1: E.TJ PAINE A SON. Dear Bin-I have nsed your"Orange Tree Food*on my
.. SlW INS i! rrOluiTtoTivfei.. grove' tor two year*and my tree are growing very finely. It 1*an euellnal P.D Band I
CINCIN TI SLreeommendUmSftMffh' /. truly, JAS.
0 g1N' TAKPA. FLA.,Oct.2)),1280.
.4 KJl6 H.E.T.PAINE A BON. "Gentlemen am so far utlsfled with the result obtainedby 11q.11 amid
of which I teed over fiO ton the past seaon.
Food" Fertilizer
the BM of your "Orange .ul lee tr..s L.r. w.II. .
... PEAM FM FMFIT M THE MVTH.ILLUSTKATBD My fruit 1*very firm and eavy. Five yean continuous use of this brand show that it produces spay pet S.tr
a thin t0ejh. -ekinned fruit,which carries to market under average conditions In: excellent as dp..4.ebia.t..l.fi.a :
'I \y LIST FREE.arserr shape. Not one"bad order"report did I receive the post season. The wood growth spays t/ot TI.qu5. s 11ttMrt...

.1 "'....... O.., ,Tlvllle ....&-. obtained bribe 1HO of your ferUMser Ij not as great.* by some otberm,but U HKAI/THT and !Abe an Taan1 1Tr
CART., bull truly, J. H. Wove.t =- ..
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Sure death to the, Red Spider, Rust Mite :and Scale

Insect. Has no Caustic Soda, Saltpeter, Potash or

11 other caustic substance in its composition,' and will

not injure trees, plants or fruit. .



; : '. J' :.. In Great Variety at Manufacturer's' Prices.
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Across; Railroad .:Wharf, JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA: : A



Is ',the ,most, effective. compound yet discovered. for destroying the insects infesting the orange tree, and,

is a sovereign remedy for the various forms of ;fungi on trees and plants.' Being free from all substances

jotf' caustic, ,. corrosive: ''or poisonous nature, it can be handled with perfect safety to the pen on, and applied
to the trees at any stage of growth without in ury.

This Insecticide( ')2u,, been used by some 'of the the largest orange growers in the State during the ,

rr past' year, and has 'given, perfect satisfaction.. ,References furnished on .application. M


For Red Spider and .Scale, use one gallon to fifty gallons of water. General directions for using sent on application.


In, ..barrels and half" barrels.' .- .. 'If.there' -is'ho agent in'your vicinity, write for price Delivered.

Manufactured by McMASTER MILLER ., '
,&.. .
,....L'L, MaR Mateo .alit. Citra,: Fla..,..i:1''SAVANNH -

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'ik +4 .':. .L....:. Y AND'

J-rQ Te.- .1'o'r) ._ 1. ? 1'ob; :L.L: : i' _

With the Magnificent C iinectl nl.

The Great Fast Express Freight 1 System of the Sit utli.

k J& \1b >\shippers it directed to,thc-plant!S.! /(Line\>etweeix'Havana' ,Key West an'.<&'Tampa' ,Sand soathsMorida'Railway betwecaTampa and Sanford,B.,P,A Vf.$y.,,be- |
'tir etI1 jMkionrllle,.Glnesrllle,.Balnbrldge, I1UT Junction and.Savannah! Sayaaaah;.and CharlesMro,an4 Ocean Steamship.: Line between. SayinnahPhi1adelphfa,Boston and New
1 Twk,iuid. Merchant*and Mlnerf Transportation Company between Savannah Baltimore.TAe.1Jeat" equipped,fastest and most prompt liner between all points. In Florida and alljelifoNortklkadNctoweiUi'BaWTeM
and'Shippea will profit by,the following unparalleled connection: t ,\ S
t : ,_' n BU"IBOOJ''A( t ,*. t &. 7 that freight o riICe', ; for all. polnta, West. .Tia:Albany,Jerop,.Balnbxidceand Double:iuT'flli h\i"Ii\ : from all point*North and West via Albany Balnior di.
$Ia e4 .a' .t" : Jesap and Savannah all point In Florida;fact. freight... ,trains. both Tia GalnerrllleJackOBTUle -
Daily at freight all rail,ooaaection,via the Atlantic Coaat Line to all Barters,Interior+ .Callahan and Live Oak. ':
i46. .art point, laelBdlac New' York Boston, Philadelphia>> .,.Baltimore Washington and -Four.Ahlpl a week by the fleet steamship of the Occam I Steamship Company s& tnm
....,.**.*e,n. -R. n.. ,"-,L.IY. : New YorkSaturday. (New Pier 86,North River,)direct for Savannah Monday,Wednesday,Frldayand7JI.
.1':: ""ecm.aeettaI1.. 'ft*; -' fnaOcean8teamthipCoapany.leaTtof; ; Savannah .
wednesday slid Saturdm.! t 1 Thee=Boston"and' SavsnfifctuBteiinihlp'Company's itiiiiers.wUl.1eaTe ostea)gay
dt. -u...... .. .." 'and lined TraaeportationCom.. 21 wod u 98 for Barannahtdlce,.&,. making oonnectioa.,on the dock at Savannah wJ.\I1.1, : L
1. .. r 11asawannah freight trains for s 11 polnta in Florida.,4; tr. Jx-( '\ol..r tt _. '-yT!
: '.: .......tis.. : $ieaniihi. Company, _ring Susannah, Fromv,Philadelphia,Tla Oc Steamship CoK1eavIng: Philadelphia May 10, 20) and 30,
...28N""t fi: rp1 J.i7Jt: N; j\i : H eTery flTe days from regular sailing day'Tia New-York to Savannah. :, ,.>,
Ui .......Jtor.la p>tu. wry' -ten'days, via.Ocean. Bteamihlp, Company,leaving From Baltimore via Merchant and MinersTransportation; Co.'eve' Tuesday and
)(U6.11aDd21. ... I"IWHWICS..- ---<- Friday. making. close connection with a,F."A W.By.for all point in Florida.C .
,. <. *ays tor Stetasalelpa_ are nfejeet to change.without notice. ,. ." I
ijOW*_Dl pat hJLl L J*the'iiLkkeft and best freight route from all points North East and West to.Florida For fall particulars raLtel"eteDc11'.aDd shipping receipts apply to
...amt:.of tAe ftb reUBMLefte* **r .!' j. ; ,l a. : K WM.'?.%,ARDKB;Qenl! Freight Agent,SaTaaaah: ,Ua-,-
O:,.O'BsBTeiie MaaH,'BavA.a-lt;oa. P.;B.PAPT,Asft TraffloMftnAgcrSavftnA hGft. W.'DAVIDSON,'.Oen'l Traiflo:Agent, JacksonytHeFUi.
r;,J.'A..BffcwewwB,Tsai::Att,.OifceiTllle. ,FU. .J.,P.olOaDA.,.TraT. &em.Qq'l J.E.DBATTOW,TraT. Ace JaeksonTille.. J.H.STzi nzice,Agent,Jaeksonyille.DARLING'S .
.. .
:: : I '"T..i( "-
\. '\ :COMPLETE FERTILIZERS, .i y 'CoNs iipn! t.b&"a t.

w," v -" .. r oidt ft ferU.bote.....;1IjKa
Vide Expreasly for the FRUIT:AND TRUCK GROWERS OF FLORIDA.iteaafaetered 1.1 Weit Forsyth Street, .1 'e1 e.sea of tk..ars#tad asd of rout
... 1sas....ba,.b.RftL IadoedaMawsM. .Vi
: bythai.'B. Jacksonville, Florida .Ia Ita e8cIMr ...Iwm n .""
i; AJVULB TTUiTI d1MaM& PI.bowmMD4" !'t'f.NI
DtarllllK F riIlla.r' C.ai aF, P.wt.eke 9" .I. We guarantee to do the finest work in the .a 7. .8Ioew..JI... .thBz c.. 181 Pearl ad r.o sc..,addsass N, Y. ..
State. Northern Northern .
work and price
Beatfeera Ogce .,'JACKSONVILLE .JrFARMst
... 'W. H. MACO IBFRlelaelralS: &Je6..AgCRt, Bostwick Balldiag.O prompt attention and be returned on short Washington, a TRACES.
notice. Country orders solicited. Write for sells and trades laid,property an JBercMacW5e
&r Feftitfcers have given.Universal Battafectien the past season. Send fur Catalogue,' 2-3m in Iowa Missouri Arkansas, Nebraska, IJIoieG.I. J"
fjlvfeig yriw,aad teatlaaoaial from seem of the leaAag grower .laundrPlbt. 4> Kansas,Texas,Florida.

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$2.00 PBB;YEAR] JACKSONVILLE, MAY 28, 1891. [$2.00..PER YEAR <
t .
C and Orchard. may ,call out at any time all those, J products cannot be surpassed in ,quan- by causing it.to. burst, hardens the
( ,who use the water, for'the purpose of j.tity or quality by those of any other ( skin, gives the fig a dark color and :,
repairing or cleaning out the "ditch. quarter of the world, and they de- [ spoils its keeping quality. Heavy dews -
Irrigation New'Mexico. This requires on an average about!pend solely upon, the ditch'for their will cause the same evils. What is .J
Editor Farmer and frolt-Orowcn three days' work for each person each'water W. S. B. required during the time the fruit is
'Since the sucject of irrigation is at year,. and that represents ,the entire Albuquerque,N.M. coming to maturity is fine weather and ":
tracting 'the attention of farmers in cost of the water supply. The,hoursat -.' dry winds. !
some sections of the.country to a con ,which different individuals may use Cotton Seed for Orange Trees. 'SOIL.The fig tree will grow in almost 'J i
siderable extent, those of your readers the water are so arranged so as not to Editor Farmer and Frult-Grower. any soil. It grows very luxuriantly y
:who are engaged in agricultural pursuits allow anybody to be "shut otf" for I see my subscription has expired in a rich heavy soil, but to prc- :
:might be somewhat interested in more than two or three days at a and I hasten to renew, for I would as duce figs that will dry well and look ,
']knowing what farmers. in this portionof time, while during the nights and Sundays soon go to,bed without-my supper as, sightly the,soil ought to be of a good ;
the country have.learned' about the everyone is at liberty to'take as to miss number' of your valuable pa-'' depth and of a rich light sandy nature. ;
matter; by experience. I have.'tried much.as he pleases, as long as thereis per. have..been a reader of it ''for This latter under favorable conditions :
farming in Ohio, Iowa, and:Kansas, any in the ditch. the past three years and it has been .a will produce figs large in size and of a
;, and am now, ,engaged in 'the' same The field to be irrigated is cut up wonderful guide to me. But there,is white thin skin, indicating a superior .
business 'here. In the, three "States into, long narrow beds, with little one thing I have been looking for quality. '
named, except.i in portions.of 'Western ridges of:earth six.or eight.inches high and that is some one who has tried PREPARATION OF SOIL.-Before ;
I Kansas, the'farmer, depends upon.the all: around; the water is ;then let in cotton seed to fertilize young( orange planting the ground ought to be'well 1
clouds for his _moisture, and i if.they from the ditch at the end of the bed;. trees.. Mytrees ,are from.'three. plowed two or three 'times to a good "
give him too little or: too much his and is permitted to run into one after to five feet high, have been stuntedon depth, well pulverized and freed from
.crop is 'a partial or a total failure. another till it covers the whole ground account of 'not being worked, ,but all weeds and extraneous roots.
Statistics show that in all rainY'' coun to the depth of from two to four are beginning to grow now. I will CULTIVATION.-The fig is propagated -
tries-that is, where, the fanners de-, inches, some crops requiring more tell you how I have applied the seed, from slips, selected with as many
pend upon the rains to make their than others; and then, with the bright and if have done wrong I want:to. fruity buds as possible. To form a' ;
L l, crops-the seasons oCr drouth and thei .warm sunshine that prevails,especially know it. tree, two slips are planted one foot \
-. seasons of too much rain constitute in the Rio Grande valley, all.,day and I I first heated the seed, then I tooka apart and then joined at the top; each .
:' three out; of. every five, giving,:the every day throughout the summer, : rake and raked the dirt away from tree.if planted in rich soil should be ':
'farmer, three bad crops: .to, I every two everything grows, with .a luxuriance the trees about three feet,. then scattered planted about thirty feet apart, and
; good ones. On the Bother hand, in a that would astonish a farmer from the from one to two quarts of the for poor soil about twenty-five feet
i II country like this, ,which:is ;recognizedas ? urainb lt.u Two crops are raised seed around and raked the dirt back distance from one another is sufficient. ,
r. ,arid ,and where nobody hopes or from the same land nearly every year. and mulched the tree with grass. I RULE.The cuttings are to be i
i tries to make'a crop without irrigation, Oats may be put in during the latter know I am late doing it, but I,thought planted in the month of March, two (
t: ,such, a thing as a crop failure:is unknown part of February and cut in, May; better late than never. Now, if youor in each 'hole, at about nine to twelve :
because the water: is. always corn is,then put on the,same land and any ,of your readers can tell me inches apart, at the root end, and .;
I.. taken from some, reliable source, the has ,plenty of time to ,mature before the value of cotton seed applied in gradually bring the top buds to meet,
,.' ditch,never: runs dry, and the growing frost. that way you will,greatly obligeW. and just cross them thus Xj; then treadin .;
crop always: gets the_ ,water:;when it The principal disadvantage of irrigation L. SCOTT. the earth well. The cuttings must
aeedsIt"and;, ,never at'any other, ,time. is' in the fact.that it prevents a Arcadia,Fla.,. be full of buds or eyes,'and when about
With good soil and plenty of sunshine man from carrying on, the business of P. S.-My land is blackjack land. to plant cut the root end off at the first
t there is nothing required: but proper farming on a very large scale (if thatis It would have been better i if knot, care being taken not' to leave
,cultivation and a' well regulated; water: indeed disadvantage), and it isnot had composted the"cotton seed to subdue you any of the pulp showing, as it will
r' supply to ,insure a good;'crop every probable that there will ever be I the ferment and the heat before then be liable to be attacked by worms,
i. year. The good soil and the sunshinethis any ten thousand acre farms worked I' applied them. But if scat' which will make the tree hollow and
,country possesses, ''in .a very un- in this way; but ,experience has. fully you tered them well and did not leave you sickly. The whole of.the cuttings are
o. U&Y&ld.egr e; we have the, "early:and, established the fact that the ""little touching the, roots of the trees they any put into the ground to within one or
the latter. that. is in farm well tilled" is better for the indi inches .
rains/1 the early: : will probably do no harm, unless,there two of the top; the process of
jr4r spring and the latter,part of .summer, vidual as well as for the community.'Irrigation should?be a prolonged drouth.-ED. crossing must then take place, after.
but during May, .June and, July, and ,makes more labor in some wards the ground must be well trod.
; ,"." generally August, rain! enough do directions, but, this is offset: by the den in to one or two inches of' the
f!' !'. any good to,the growing :crops isun'': labor saved in other lines; for instance, Fig Cultivation in Turkey. top, then 'cover the remainder (say the *
,r V. .- known. Therefore, the first,thing for the farmer is spared the work of fight CLIMATE.The Aidin district is the one or two inches) over with loose
,} the new settler to do is, to provide ing weeds at the roadside, in the lanes only one which produces good,figs for earth, which will protect the ends
f',;" ,, r' himself( with.a: water supply sufficient and walks and fence corners, ,because ex'portation. from the heat of the sun. When the
r '. to irrigate: 'whatever land he proposesto where no water is applied there can The fruit will grow anywhere in the trees,reach a height of about six feet
'.,' cultivate. The ,usual,way;of doing be:but little if any growth, but, the neighborhood: of Smyrna of a good nip'or cut off the tops to one uniform
this is to "take out a ditch"from some. ',most important advantage of all is in.the quality for consumption in a green height, and this will cause the tree to t
stream,' 'at\ 'a point four or:five:miles fact that much,more,can be producedby state, but the Aidin plain i is unique in branch outDuring
above where the water is to Qe.used, ,irrigation than: without on a given its climate:and soil as being favorablefor the growth of the trees the ::4;
or'far e&ough,to carry the water .clear area,' and that there is an absolute cer- the proper curing of the fig. The ground should be plowed up two or
above the land to be irrigated. This tainty of good,crops all the time-not thermometer seldom falls below three. three times during the winter or spring, :"
k done by the people of*the, whole two.years: out of five, but every year. or four .degrees under fre.eng'point! I and the space between them may be
F( w. aeighborhood, 'and :each, )'individual The. ,best and,.most practical illustration and,in the summer seldom rises above used to cultivate cotton, sesame or
tbea: has his sub=ditch, connecting that could be given of the resultsof 130 F. in the sun. Indian corn. When the trees are f
;with the min' one, and has'--certain irrigation may be found in the,Rio In Aidin the winters are generallywet large the same system. of plowing and
... times at which.he may use the water. Grande valley for" twenty miles on the dry weather commencing in loosening the earth all round them
*' The main ditch under the charge.of either side of Albuquerque. The May,and continuing to the end of Oc ought to be continued. Continual
.: one of the persons interested, 'who is most of the land in the district namedis tober. Any ,rain the.end. of July or plowing as indicated is very essentialto
:! cfcoeen every year, for, this purpose; 'too valuable" to be given to grain during the months 'of August and' make'the trees grow well; if this is
r r\ '. fete.duty k to see:that.the main line iskept growing but is devoted mainly to gar-: September, when,, the fruit is under neglected the fruit will be small and

:. .ra order. ,. and'for that." purpose he dens, orchards and vineyards, whose process. of drying, injures i its quality in every respect inferior. The. first ..... .
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4-24 0 ittfc JttiOfilDA .DISPATCH, .pi'Rltn AM 1 UtT-Gtlo\nR.. ;1. [MA.Y 2a,1851
,...., ....--- -- -

the cuttings require Making Fruit Trees Productive.In shows more than ten or twelve inches: sible or otherwise, and this term, too
year of planting the of new wood it is a sign that should embrace all trades, professionsor
watering during the hot months. all very young'treeS excess_.o growth ,
vigorprevents fruitfulness. It is only; too much) nitrogenous or stimulatingmanure other business 6f whatever name or
APPLICATION OF' THE MALE FIG.- when the tree gets a check while< i is used, and only the mineral nature North or South. The need of

' I The male tree is a distinct tree whic, pro< growing that it begins to form fruit fertilizers should be applied until the constant-supervision by white men of

ducing a: small soft hollow fruit buds. The check which comes from tree begins to show need of stimulus. fair ability in Southern fields over the

about the middle of June turns a pale winter and frost, causing the droppingof Old appje trees are, however, often average. help, was never greater thannow
color and sets free a "
yellow the leaves l does not have this effect kept thrifty and productive where the and it is rapidly increasing. A
of small flies These fructification figs are nece of That gives the tree a 'rest, and in i the growth of new wood does not exceed man from the North or West can lives

nary for the proper spring its roots begin again on a fresh four to six inches each year. x months in the year'well and safelyin
When the
the female eating 'fig.
localities in the'South. In
supply of plant food, which, while the many
is about the size
female fig (first crop) fact with care-the same care he ex.
Product. ,
rootshave; been resting, have become The Pecan as a
six of the mate
of hazel nut five or
a him well the North
ercises at
to keep ,
of string available in the ,soiL A check of| : It has only been within a very lime
figs are strung on to a piece will the same South.
serve purpose
growth in summer gives the roots no ited number of that the pecan
bunches years
of these are *
and one or two The at the South areabout one-
rest, hence in climates warm all the has had attention as an agricultural wages
hung on to each female ,tree accordingto any third less that in some locations North
its size and the amount of fruit i it year around fruit trees bear very early, product given it at all, but it has But
and from $i to $2 day.
are per
'This is repeated as they are more apt to bear ,here suddenly dawned on the minds of a
carries. operation
it must be clothing
where the growing season is greatly horticulturists that what
is about the great many
the ,
crop does not cost more than half as muchas
same size, which will not be long] prol _nged. A common idea is that was such 'a profitable crop when left North and
this time for the tree to perfect would make
after. As the tree grows larger year gives entirely to nature an ex
by year increase, the 'number of fruit.buds. But apply the check in tremely profitable crop when given THE FACILITIES FOR SPENDING 'MONEY

bunches, but never put more than six: midsummer, as by severe root pruning the same attention as other articles of ARE VERY MUCH LESS.

(say about thirty male' figs) over the ,,and the fruit buds will form then. produce. .Of course it takes longerfor In speaking of the South as above I
This'seems to show what is undoubtedly orchard to become a .
largest tree at one time. This work) a pecan paying mean mainly Florida. The same rule
should be performed one hour before the true reason that every tree investment, but when fully estab- would probably hold good in other

sunrise and care should be.taken that afterit gets old enough to bear starts lished there is but comparatively littleto Southern States to some extent, as

the weather be fine and no wind blow. out to grow more wood than it cancarry' be done but to gather the fruits oi where the environment was about the

ing. It requires great practice to through, but where winter your I labor. same, and Northern methods of busi

know exactly the period at which to comes early this growth arrested by Texas'already has the largest pecan ness, and particularly Northern

gather the'male fig previous to. the dispersion frost rather than by lack of plant food. orchard in ,the world, which is locatednear money, was somewhat plentiful. New
of the flies it contains and in Some important suggestions about Brown wood, and is owned by, methods that clash with old always

what proportion' to attach 'it to'each the means to make fruit trees produc- Mr. F. A. Swinden. He, has' 400 cause more or less"friction, but innovations r

female tree. The flies on issuing front Live naturally follow from this statement acres with 1,100 pecan trees on it. A sometimes: forgiven :f theycan

the, male fruit settle upon the female of facts. There is no reason tree at'eight years of age will produceone be copied with pecuniary advantage -

fig'and convey to them the necessary why,the peach trees in our Northern, ,bushel of nuts, which are worth by outsiders. Florida has been

amount of pollen for the proper maturing ., climate should not begin to bear the from $2 .to$4 per bushel,and at 12 and talked about a great deal for the past

of the fig. If ,the male fig be third year, as,they do in Delaware, if 15 years old they will produce about ten years and from personal observa-

not applied the crop will not set but peach!growers would artificially givea fourteen' bushels ot nuts each. A tion of the changes during that time I
check to wood growth in midsumner"such great many persons believe that the confident that
the fruit will fall off, and too man) : am
the fruit will likewise drop as the longer season in Del. pecan is an uncertain crop, but that
early or become small and inferior. aware gives naturally. Instead of can be easily obviated by the plantingof

The propagation of this tree is conducted this, manures of all kinds, and'espe- large orchards, as the greater. the FULL CREDIT FOR PROGRESSin

in the-same way as in the female .. cially those 'of nitrogenous character number trees reasonably close together the past or the brilliant future thatit

fig. It would, be sufficient to are freely used. 'The owner.is pleasedto the. lesser are the dangers of a seems to me certainly awaits her.

three trees or six'cutting: see his trees look so thrifty, but he failure. The'orange industry is simply won
plant ,
to say one hundred trees of the fe- gets no fruit. By the time' the tree During,the eight years of growth, derful in its present development, after
male.every gets! ,to be seven, eight or nine! years which are; bringing no immediate ,returns deducting all of the effects of the coldor
;- old, fruit buds form; but in the mean. ; the round can be utilized by the unreasoning zeal of sanguinemen.
end of
CURING.bout the July
r time the tree has grown too large to planting* in cotton, corn, alfalfa or These people are in every com-

.the first figs come to about maturity.six weeks.The !! be easily protected, and winter freez- other crops that the planter is disposed munity. There may be worse places
: fig harvest lasts ing or late spring frosts destroy the to cultivate.-Southern Horticultural for shiftless men than Florida-If so I
.: When the fig is ripe it will'of its own buds.. Young apple orchards, when Journal.FloridaNorthern have never seen them. The same attention -

accord fall from the tree only partly. heavily manured, often do not get < that gives success in New En

cured. Women and children are employed into bearing until they' are fifteen or White Laborersat gland will also give success in Florida.
fruit small
the into
to gather twenty years old. In California, the South.It But if a man in good health cannot
baskets to be conveyed to a place in where the trees grow all the year, but must continually occur that there live and prosper in New England het

the garden well exposed to the sun,, have die check of the dry, hot season, are men'at the North, out of remunerative will-not be likely to if he goes to
where they are spread on a bed of dry the tree begins to bear when less than work and sometimes out of Florida. It is not a thing of temperature. -

grass or matting singly-that is to say,, half that age. Young trees should not health, who would gladly go South, People who have diseases or
of the other-and theyare
not one.on top be given any nitrogenous manures.If provided there was a probability of th 'vocal'organs, or who inherit tendencies
turned every day so as to get every they are in soil naturally rich it their getting employment The orange leading to those diseases are

side exposed, to the sun. considered In a few will often pay to plough the orchard industry fs now so well established, usually relieved and many times cured

days those' figs which are the late in summer, thus cutting off feed the groves in localities where a certain by living in the Southern States But

sufficiently, dry are selected from ing roots" while the tree is in full leaf. income every year is as safely as the.Case must be taken in season.
mass and divided ,into first, second The beneficial effects of buckwheat in is in the South
.. however sured as at the North for average There nothing worse
and third qualities. Generally, making orchards productive are main. farming crops, and the general unre- for the body than the diseases of the
only the first quality, viz.: the ly due to the fact that this crop requires < liable character of the colored labo- North.

largest and finest looking fruit, are put midsummer ploughing,, whichto rers for special work so well known WITH CARE THE DEATH RATE WOULDBE
all the remaining being .
apart, some extent injures the feeding that white labor at the South would
It should be ,MUCH LESS
then placed together.
roots and checks growth. be I think welcomed. It is
seen.that. the fig is not'dried too much, After orchard once into I gladly' than in Massachusetts. But the houses
an gets to discuss the question
as this would be an'injury. The inside should fed but not necessary must be tight and warm and well ventilated
it liberally bill
bearing the black races do not fill the :
t should be left rather yielding to the with mineral 'unless why I and the inmates must be justas
mainly frcm northern standpoint.The .
touch, though; the outside should become trees begin to show decay. In'such'' judged of a the are mostlymen careful;: as in New England. How
owners groves
l', thoroughly browned and dry. cases the orchard should be plowed from the North and West, and carefully all sensible people guard'agains
of about two hundred weight-are i taking cold in the Eastern
when'not in leaf, and the fertilizers the ,are nearly always white
employed\ to convey the fruit in this then. No of fruit 'managers States. That rule is just imperative
applied crop may and usually from the same localities.It .
,state to market, and,there,is no dangerof follow the first season, as there have is from of that I i South and the penalty al"avsmea
injuring the fig by pressing it i down. possibly no fruit buds formed. But have heard managers the groves- discomfort at the,best Florida is a

On arrival at Smyrna the figs are exposed the second year old an orchard thus country of surprises, and we know little

| in the market for sale, and are treated will renew its youth and provided DESIRE 'EXPRESSED FOR RELIABLE. as yet, I think, of her resources.

then conveyed to the 'warehouses of its trunk is still good it will produce )WHITE LABORERS. While the State, if sand bank, wouldbe

the merchants,,where, they are.assorted a new top and bear for many I use the word laborers because'any worth living in half'' the year for the

,_ and packed for shipment' -. British years, or so long as the liberal manur person who tills! the,soil is a'.,laborer,. climate, which may be roughly estimated *

:C IlSIiI4, Report. .. ,'" ... :. ing is continued. If the tree at any time whatever, position he mayjfill, ;.respon-. at 90 per cent., the other 10

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,. 1.' .I' .
."" 'MAT, 28,1891] ,:"" '- ,THE ':FLORIDA; DISPATCH, FABltEE.AND F rl- BoW i 425

-percent may be divided between the farmers, is unavoidable, and they Jacksonville in bulk for $8 per ton, applications will not be sufficient ,On
orange groves and her immense phosphate at present get no return for this additional but Prof. O. M. Crosby is authorityfor all of the affected leaves are eggs as
'beds more extensive and,probably cost. No evidence.can be pro the ,statement that a. chemist of well as insects. These are not killed
more noticeable than most men duced to prove that the present laws Massachusetts, after a thorough anal- by the spraying. They will hatch out
have ever dreamed of. have saved ten cents to any individual.: ysis of similar phosphate said that it in a few days, and the insects from
n After the two crops just named, But not only is the tax on fertilizers was worth; as it was, without further them will soon breed again if not
there yet remains the .semi-tropical thrown upon the farmer to protect him manipulation, $26 per ton, as com killed. Several applications at inter.
fruits so well known, and includes the from frauds by inspections, but under pared with the high-grade fertilizers, vals of six or ten days are necessary,
olive, which I have no doubt' has a this pretext to raise large funds out:of such as the Mapes and others; and and then when all are killed it will
great future* in Florida. Trees set the farmer's purse to supportthis, that when it is considered how much repay the owner of the grove to spray
and the other chemist and commis- this'can be sold and that the foliage often
five or,six years ago in Belleview\ are cheaper thoroughly as as oncea
in splendid condition, notwithstandthe sioner, with a lot of clerks, office expenses there is no danger of overstimulatingthe month during the entire year.-
severe' frost during that time. and other charges and costs, crops, it must surely commend itself Orange County Reporter. ..
Cold, so far, 'does not seem to injure wholly disconnected with the inspec- to the careful consideration of the I 1
the olive, and the tion of fertilizers. This is merely farmer and orange grower. About Grape Seeds.
ptacticing upon the credulity of farmers The above suggests that Riverside The following is from the columnsof
TREES_ ARE WORTH JOURNEY TO SEE by pretending to benefit them,at growers may find it a sensible thing to the Country Gentleman, [p. 766,
as an object lesson taken in.connection no cost to themselves. Therefore we secure the importation of this rock to 1888]:
with citrus'fruits.. People of lit- have said, and we now repeat; that this,State, which it would seem rea An American "grape cure" cannot
tle knowledge-or people who are the whole subject has been worked on sonable to suppose could be got here exist as yet, for lack of the proper
always dependent on the masses to to a' false basis and operated in the cheap enough to warrant its use. The curative material. *** The Concordand
amuse,them-would>> not, care to:live interests of a few individuals; and I excessive use of certain stimulating Delaware remain our types of
in Florida; in fact I have seen some these laws ought to be thoroughly reformed -i manures, as are at present largely popular grapes with least amount of
people who would-or say they would from bottom to top, or else used, may bring upon our orchardsthe acid centre, but still too much. Aside
-rather die than live there But the wholly abolished. To call a tax upon dieback which prevails extensively from the acidity, with its more or less
fact remains that. thousands of people fertilizers paid by the farmers who use in Florida orchards that have been unpleasant consequences, there has in
.... '.of culture are living happy,uefullives them, and also a mercantile profit on over-stimulated with nitrogenous ma- late years been brought to public notice
.. there that would die if exposed to one the tax, an appropriation to agricultureby .-Riverside Press. a real danger to life from swallowing .
winter in New England. The past the legislature, is not to ,call things -*-.-. the seeds. We have noted
l\ winter, Florida has been full of visi by right names.-National Economist. The Orange Tree Spider. several cases of death which physi
tors. The northern and' western influx This is rather a reckless ,denunciation Mr. 'G. R. Nelsonof Oviedowhose cians said were due to the lodgmentof
of persons and money will, in a of experiment stations and their experience ,in orange culture has extended grape seeds in the intestines. It
very few years, render this remarkable chemists.. The writer seems to thinkwe over a.period of from sixteento would be well for our physicians to
& State as unique as noted, as wise in should after the
pattern Englishlaw eighteen years, is good authorityupon tell us whether this lodgment of seeds'is
legislative'enactment, and as important requiring manufacturers,'to.state any question pertaining to the due to weakness or imperfect actionof
in her great ,and. peculiar industries not only the percentages of valuable above business, and his opinions are the bowels or whether it is liableto
.. as any commonwealth in the ingredients in their fertilizers but also not theoretical, but rather the out- occur in any healthy person. The
:', great galaxy of American States.- the sources from which they are'de growth of actual experience, and can foreign grape is eatable, and its seedsare
DR. LORING W. PUFFER in:'New En- rived. Yet lie almost in the
says, therefore be relied upon. In reply to small; the native grape must be
.. gland Farmer. same breath, "it very probably wouldbe a letter written him by an orange swallowed like a pill. The new
I impossible to determine upon the grower of much less experience, he danger will certainly lead many eatersto
Fertilizer Analyses. data furnished by, an analysis what writes substantially as follows concerning refuse to swallow the seeds. This
We have a letter from: a gentleman materials had been used and in what the red spider: "We have will compel them to be satisfied with
.,. who is an experienced'agricultural' proportions." Probably the best protection had to fight it here _by spraying the the juice, only, of our standard sorts,
chemist giving his endorsement to the the consumer could have wouldbe trees. The spider disappears a little ejecting the firm, acid, pulp, or else
_., .' 'views here expressed by the present a combination of the two safeguards, later on, usually when the rainy sea- to limit themselves to the very few
writer in various articles from.time to the sworn statement of the manufacturer son begins, or little earlier, but it is sorts whose pulp is tender and sweet,
time on the subject of the useless and as to the materials.used and the wise to destroy them,as fast as possible although their seeds are large. *
misleading character of the reports of State analysis.-ED. as every branch from which the Would it not be well to see what
analyses made, by public analysts,and spider causes the leaves to fall, is gone can be be done in the way of "breed-
agricultural ,stations; nominally! in be- Protecting Orange; Trees. for good, and will die back." He ing out" these large seeds?
half of the farmer. Our correspondent The orange is a shelter-loving tree has'completely overcome the ravagesof We dissent from the statement that
thinks the l law: should require the and is adverse to strong winds or cur- the insect in his large grove near "the native grape must be swallowedlike
'manufacturer to state_the percentagesof rents of cold air. It is ''sometimes Oveido by using the following wash a pill." We eat freely of them
the valuable ,ingredients of his fertilizer necessary to divide the groves into for spraying'; One pound of pow through their long season, and invari--
and. also the ,sources'of these sections by, planting "windbreaks" of dered sulphur and the same quantityof ably'reject all the seeds. One can
several ingredients.- This'seems to be Cypress, Pepper, ;Eucalyptus trees, air slacked lime boiled in eight soon learn to eat them thus and when
the law in England. The ':law is in. etc., to give the necessary protection.. quarts of water until the concoction the accomplishment is acquired, it
tended to prevent fraud, but If-a,manufacturer When dormant' the trees are seldom simmers down to about 'six quarts. seems very difficult to eat them any
claims that he"uses certain injured by frost but if a new growth Put one gallon of this mixture into fifty other way. If one would put the'rejected -
materials which he does not use, proof has started, the thermometer shouldbe gallons 'of waterand with a hand spray seeds in a ,little heap from a
'. of the fraud may be beyond the powerof t watched and "smudges,". tar fires, pump, work from the inside. Repeatthe pound of grapes he had eaten, he
.analysis to establish. In :the case started to windward if danger is de- operation every five or six days would be surpnsed at their bulk and
'4 of a complex formula skillfully compounded noted.] Small trees can be protectedby for two or three times 'and the spider would not wonder that such a mass of
.. it very probably would .be driving three stakes at an equal will be gone. He knows from expe- indigestible matter should create a
impossible to ,determine upon the data angle around the tree and a split grain rience that the above treatment is -effective disturbance. The difficulty is as apt
furnished by an analysis'what mate- sack stretched to windward, another and very cheap, and will not to occur to a healthy person as a sick-
:mis'had been used and what pro- sack being tied by two corners to opposite injure the trees i as will the whale oil ly one. Most of the troubles in this
.;pertions.< Years ago Dr: ,Mallet put stakes, so that:'it can be readily soap and kerosene emulsion, which direction are caused when a seed or
-!.t.ft.e-matt very neatly; he said, in' effect thrown over the top and unprotectedside Mr. Nelson claims has but a tempo more gets into the appendix vermifor-
i'; 'gross. frauds can be established of the tree.-E. E. SMITH, 'California. = rary effect upon the spider mir-that apparent useless organ,
'r" \byanatysis;1 but exact valuations cannot Rev. Lyman Phelps, of Sanford, which is probably a survival from
9d3 ]}e. 'The present writer was himself who is good authority upon insects ,some of the earlier,types of man.
1-:, ,Jlbp.obablythe'first+ to reach and publicly. Phosphate ,Book., affecting the orange, uses bisulphateof Learn to eat grapes, rejecting the
...'! to: defend that position. 'That the Many of the orange 'grOwers of Flor- soda'dissolved in water: -ten poundsof seeds. The accomplishment is easily
present laws'need modification is not ida are so satisfied that there is such an' the soda to fifty ,gallons of water acquired, and when learned, will be
-*,: doubtful. The,English ,law is better amount of available plant food in the applied with a pump having a spray adhered to.-Orange County Farmer.
,*' than any of ours. It seems doubtful. soft,phosphate furnished_ in that State i nozzle. Others are .using the same .
." '. wbc&er a'kw.can be framed to reguv that'they are discarding all other 'fer thing wIth.success. Others, still are CATARRH CURED.A .
ktte'the' manufacture sale of these tilizers. Some of it shows a percentage using Bean's Insecticide with good re clergyman after year* of Buffering" from
.rb{ jiarttetas which'will:withstand criticism. of 70 per cent of pure bone phosphate sults. that loathsome e&ae Catarrh and vainly
,..--Probably the English, :kw is:as-little of lime. As the harder portions i. One thing is certain, however, the prescription trying every known which remedy completely,at last cured found And a
':"t:::-obnoxious to criticism as any:that can dissolve slowly under the influence of man whose grove j is infested with this saved dreadful him disease from death.sending ADTIUffe.rerrom a- seN-addreased this
bc framed. That the expenses'of incrust water the beneficial results last for insect has a fight on his hands if he stamped envelope to Fro J. A. Lawrence W
spectkm fall upon the consumers, years. This rock is delivered in .would get rid of them. One or two recipe Warren free street.of New York, will reeetve tee

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': :tt JiE Jilli) tt' Choice Florida Syrup.- the grass is ,short, so that'no time is planted and covered, several inches }
Fdltor Farmer and Fruitgrower: lost after the hay is mown *', ,*. below the general(surface of the soil. i
I should like to know' how to make such that the In the cultivation the earth
Strawberries in South baina.JcR.. Always placed at angles subsequent .J
;%. a first-class article of Florida syrup rays of the sun may exercise their in- was gradually worked' in around ,the
,:, BdKor Farmer and Fruit0rowerr.Our from the ; I' think it isquite'possible't
of berries has been the sugar cane. fluence with the greatest possible plants until they finally stood on .>c

smallest crop for As the Nunan, is, / torproduce, a syrup in effect on both sides of the, driers. As raised beds or'lands twelve feet wide. '.'
years. ; Florida 'second'only to pure' maple is it is With their in the moist alluvium
mainly planted here and it being an the hay ; cut thrown across the roots deep
almost total failure, was the cause. syrup and barely second to that, certainly i bars where it is at once fully exposedto these vines never flagged until .
other much superior to New:'Orleans the sun's, power and also' to the cut down by frost. The only defectin ',;,I
Teceived from'
From letters sections
I that' the products. I wish to know if there is drying influence of the wind. If it hismethod was lack of earliness,
of the' South, judge '
any sure way of preparing' it (so 'thatit should 'rain the wet rapidly falls off and had ,he been growing for the "'j
Nunan has done no better anywhere
.describe will retain the delightful flavor it the surface hay and the hay on the northern market he would have been -1
than it did with us. Will now '
haswhen', w. Has anyone any experience top ''bar acts as a kind of sheltering badly "left"by his neighbors who
'other' varieties the ..Nu
using ,
.in putt n-g1 it'up 'small'air- roof thaf'on''the'bars in hills., thecrop'was'concerned
: r below. Generally planted But so far as .1"
nan as'a'standard-as it is in a good
tigbt"c ns. as'maple syrup is found on however, so effective is this and the qualityof
for comparison. Some varieties '
season- the market? I think it ,behoovesevery contrivance that the hay is dry before the watermelons and canteloupes, '
that have done nothing
Florida farmer to find the cheap the weather changeable our own, he was wonderfully .su cessfu1.-
did well viz.. Bubach ,
years, > : tNo. 5 est, best and most practicable'means has altered fof the worse. F. Massey in Olclzar4and' Garden.

and Jessie. of making available all of her resources The' is a swift reliable and '
process yet
Stevens, H.-Was"the.first t ripen
which' within
come reach'ofapoor. simple method of making hay while Easy Irrigation. '
.. any'fruit and did well. Fruit very man. Another point: I found the the sun' shines. One notices
firm, medium in size,very productive; greater part"of the syrup in Florida that the hay is not ,the yellow, The strawberry plantation of, Morgan -
': Has ,done well with every grower. thin .'the McCully presents at the present ,
too, a, consistency to please withered stuff it so often is in Great
Alabama, H.-Verj large,produc* palate of cons mersoutside' of the Britain [and in Florida],but of a green, time a most beautiful sight The J

:' live and firm; good shipper. State, or in it either. Is' this Unavoidable fresh looking color, with a1 delicious plants are more vigorous, more productive ;
:'_ BubachNo.S P.-Verylargehand- and the size of the
? Cannot one, two, or twen odor." average
some fruit, fairly firm. berries larger than can be found else ,
bCyour readers:who know how to ''If the hay is worth that much trou
Jessie H-Extra fine .large fruit where i in the It is ground
,make a first=class article of syrup; giveus ble in that grass-growing country, it is place. upon ;
Same can be said of Jewell. I the benefit of their experience on I surely worth the trouble in Florida that .a ,drought quicky affects, and '
Barton P., Edgar Queen, I which! would not be considered
Eclipse this ? The par-
subject aggregated experience where it is worth'$ hundred
always i a ,
P. .Great Pacific P.: some nice favorable to culture
gave intelligent men and women and where' the material l for haydrierscosts ticularly A
large'fruit, but will have to try them on subjects('this kind will be worth, 'nothing.Fernandina News. ; as a matter of fact, such culture ,

another season; think Great ,Pacific more to the resources residents'of of' 9 carried on for several years had not _

f. best Florida.than:all those four-column articles Onion Growing Florida.I proved remunerative, but ,Mr. Mc-
Smalley Nos.6 and 17 are fine,kinds,' of dreary platitudes and impracticable find the'' Southern ''people' wide Cully believed ,that.even,such ground's!

;. and when sent out should, be tried;by' theories by visionary, : schemers awake to the advantages of protection', could be made to,produce: ,a crop that ',')
: every strawberry grower. They area: would pay well. His.theory was, that
who, never having any money as they readily see wherein they' are
t- wonder to behold this poor season. own, to tell everybody ,Who being benefitted. They will next sea- after: the, ground had been properly
'_ Bessie, P.This did best of all rich them enriched, a thrifty plant Ijke that of
has, how to get by lending son make an effort to take advantage
,everywhere; here it :was a success. mori t'at one' or two per cent, :Or of the onion business, in which foreign the strawberry 'must have an.abundance -

t., Large to very large, ,immensely ,productive how 'to build at the expense of any- shippers of Spain, 'Egypt; Bermuda of water; that the needed supply
firm and beautiful in color., could not be .looked for from the
r body but the beneficiary, a govern- and Cuba have now: our market virtually -
k' This will be the leading kind planted warehouse where ordinary ,winter ,ra.ina1j'!; ,that, conse-
ment : we can store to themselves, and are making
; here after this. quently, irrigation was a necessity,
and and '
bur oranges peaches cabbagesand money on',their present shipments,'and
t Mechil Early, H.-Under good tomatoes and cucumbers and eggplants -. paying the present extreme' rate of and'' that hand irrigation could be madeto

L; culture, and plants not too thick' ,large and,hold them till we can geta duty -40 cents per bushel. The re pay. So to test his theory he' hada

.but not, very productive. ., Too, soft good price. Or a thousand other ceipts from above points now aggre- stone well put down to which ;lhand'
for distant market. Good for' home force-pump was attached Then
for the
: impossible plans running government gate weekly about 35,000' crates.Florida oir'bar-
'" use I II' by men who can't run ,them has the 'soil and the climate to across his grounds he"placed' .
Hoffman, H.-Firm, productive c, selves. Let us have less worthless produce,as good onions as the foreign rels about eighteen feet apartconnected
|;,\: medium in size, good.market berry. theorizing on political economy and product. The'potato crop also proved by inch and a half iron pipe, so ar- )

Cloud, P.-Firm: productive, didfairly more concentrated experience which very profitable this season, as present ranged as ''to run from-the top:of the ..:
I this barrel the bottom of the <
well season first to
t' will help a poor man to produce something high prices are going to.continue.The sec'J:
P.-This. old ond and (from the of the second
Early Champion,, vat of value. H. opty; drawback to the State is top ;
: riety always does well and is a fine, to the bottom of the third, and :so on 'A
Rlpley, Tenn. the uncertainty of the climate, which
;. market berry, medium but very uniform 1 occasionally destroys by frost the through) ,the whole series. As'' the

t- in size, and shape. Tie:.merits<<: Saving Hay. more tender but no other,;Stateis first was filled, the water would' pass
r of this berry have; en overlooked.. It All the wide world contributes to exempt crops from serious climatic into the second,and so on,the whole ')

is m likely known:by other'names. civilization a knowledge of the,best changes. The new, South is rapidly{ lot' being filled by pumping into the

Regina, P.Very large, late. methods of doing things and in that filling up with settlers from the 'North first. From the, barrels'the water had

f J terson, H.-Very large, not 'yet faraway Northern land of Norway and West More attention is being to be carried to the plants i in'!pails.

: ,sent out ,' system saving hay is in vogue which given than ever before to the matter The cost of the entire watering t"

r. : Shaws, Roceter. Enhance, Saunders Florida, farmers would find profitableto of producing home supplies.' I. have plant, including well,' pump, barrels,

11..- and Cherokee are growing: welL) adopt in uncertain, weather,, and noticed nnny fine herds of Jerseysand pipe and setting up, ready 'for; use,

Nunan, H.-This' fine, berry? was .a which in this land,of abundant. timberis other improved cattle, ,and eaten was $85.. By such a small outlay Mr. .j

failure this year. Fruit medium! to entirely practicable. Jersey butter made-by the hostess of McCully says, that, according to .

ti large, very fine and productive, one A traveler in, Norway, :an Englishwoman whom I was guest. --P. S. PALMER in present indications, the increase of
of the very best., Will, be,superseded Olivia M. Stone, in a very Mercantile Advocate. his crop will be about $300.

by better kinds, such as Bessie, Alabama ; readable little volume, "Norway in. cultivated the:Hoffman seedling, "I'

Smalley No. 6, and others. ,' June," thus describes,the hay-dryers: One of the most successful melon considering it the best variety for.ship .
As a rule there is no profit,to< ;have! 'These are regular' Norwegian in. growers I ever knew, grew his crop ping. He sends his ,berries, to Baltimore <-

r,' so many different kinds, but this, 'sea; stitutions'and are to ,be met with all on ,,moist and very fertile alluvial soil Philadelphia,, G Cincinnati, and

,son.hasbeen an exception., ,Still there' over- ,the, ,country ,wherever there is in the bottoms along a mountain St., Louis, shipping In- pony.refrigerators *

always a pleasure to the 'horticulturist any hay land, no matter: howrsmall. stream. He \pl wed the land very by the Southern express, jof the

in seeing different; kinds fruiting Sticks from four to six' feet ,high are shallow and laid off his rows twelve courtesy of 'employes,;.rapidity f t

and watching their, characteristics.that I stuck in the ground :about four: :feet feet apart,,and planted six feet apartin of transit and favorable, rates, he l
; : ; is beyondmoney value.; I ,hope' \the apart. Five or six horizontal bars are i the rows. In running out the speaks in the hIghest.terms. A,

._ strawberry growers of Florida ;and: fastened to these'upright poles a foot twelve foot rows he plowed as deeplyas Great interest is ,taken In .this experiment *

: _. other sections will ,give, their ,experi or,.so from each other., possible, running the plow several of, lr., McCully-and a pro-

; ence.. JULIUS'SCHNAIELBACH.Grand "The;number and length of. thesehaydriers times bick and forth and then! ran a cess of culture that has'been.so remark ;,

I'.ay.AU.,May. .12,1 *1. depends' upon: the size of: large sub soil plow deeply in the center ;-, ably successful,upon ,,plantation] of :

: S FOR,DTOPHPfLiyladfecsttea the field. They are generally in.large of this trench. Guano was then two and one-half acres, is quite.likelyto I

} and Stomach d&ttdJJs.xBROWN'S fields, about ,thirty'or forty feet long,' applied liberally along the whole be tried upon one of fifty ;acres,
mON,SITTERS.AH and are placed at,intervals across'' the trench and stirred, in with a bull with,an artesian' well for irrigating
dealers S, f1 bottle. Genuine hM
ks4e-aarlc keep aa4 crossed per red,Uses on wrapper._ land.. ,The driers are erected .when, tongue coulter. The seed were then ;purposes.-:,Times;Union '

\'i ;--r ': t \ 'J. i .... ; ... ." >:., 7 .-. fl- t' 0.t .

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'- '! .
." ,

::.i:28: 89rf.:. '_. :., '., << THE FLORIDA DISPATCH,. FARMKR AND, FBUIT-GJBOWER.! 427
. P Ot i 7 Ct t nostrils are closed by: tenacious glue-; "Kerosene' injected into,the nostrilsis NEW KODAKS.11You '. -

Ala like exudation, the bird breathes deep said to cure;;and camphorated sweet ',. .,
,'-' t \ ,_ and difficult, the mucous' collects in oil, so used,: is the one remedy,relied ';
;We have 'had so 'many inquiries the windpipe, 'and all over the gloths, upon; by, Mr.. B. N. fierce, of the!
asking:how 'we treated' coup. that: we or opening into the air passage,.yellowulcers Fancier Gazette. But the best remedy press the )
have .copied an article ;entire, from and cheesy exudations are deposited :'where the birds'will score less than '

"Standard and Con mer.cial'. Poultry; causing the bird to' cough, ninety points is'the hatchet. Kill'every button,

keeping- Dr..Spalding. We Have ,:and often ends in suffocation. The bird,as' fast' Badly affected, treat themild do the* rest.
tried the! salt, water- he ,recommends! swelling often extends from the'nostrils cases: with energy and ;you will we
and find it good when birds' are not upward and outward, invading the soon,put an end to roup. ;But do.not
badly affected,.burin 'addition I wipe orbit'and swelling and closing tile} let. it get a foothold\ r in your yards: ; SenD Sew Stjles aad Sizes .

the head dry after'the salt, water'bath' eyes, bursting and permanently blinding prevention !is.the>best plan of treatingall sale AU.by all LOADED Photo.WITH Stock Transparent Dealers. Films.For
and::anoint the:swollen parts,with, vaseline the fowl. these dreadful diseases. The one
,in which,. .I stir a spoonful "The worst forms of malignant roup grand. idea to be put in operation THE EASTMAN COMPANY,
,, ounce. .and .all other stock is Bend for Catalogue. ROCHESTER,N.Y
spirits .of turpentine; to an : seem prone to ulcerate everywhere; among poultry
First, separate all: ,birds as soon as about the head and throat:, until the this:.Live yourself and, everything ....:--
they show ,any signs of .the disease,. whole presents a swollen, 'hapless jike a,true, Christian; keep very clean I pullets, and his best cockerel back to-
and. treat them separatelyVail; others mass of indurated ulcers, 'everywhere and' care for the comfort ..of'all that : his old hens, which is the best matingthat
give spongia in ,the;water, four -tabletsto. I offensive and highly infectious: This depends :on you. Then :others may can be made, if the original trio

each,pint, ,and this, will .prevent i its form of coup is rarely ever completelycured. have chicken, cholera and soup, but were properly mated. Whereas, the
spreading.. For.croup, use heparrsul- The putrid products of ulcerative you aren't likely ,to be so punished." man who started with eggs knows
phuris. in alternation with spongia. superation; so easily finds. its I 4- nothing of the pedigree of his chicks;
The most, .important thing. which, is way to the lungs, whence it enters'the JLnotner: egg Record.* whaftJuy are from is ,of quite as much
usually left: undone, when,, :disease is blood, that the whole bird is* soon Editor Farmer and Fruit-O rower. importance as what they are, when se
already,.seated, is to thoroughly, clean filled with the poison. 'There is no After reading the'article, "Poultryin lecting and mating a pen for breeding,
the quarters; be its! coop or' house, disease more dreadful, none so unpleasant the far South,," by Davidson, ;in especially in fowls :where a particular
scrub and clean. Whitewash,a to treats t none so likely to your valuable paper: of_ ,March 26, shade,of color or style of markings are
good solution of carbolate of lime; l propagate its kind among all the'otherbirds. 1891, I am impressed: that' too can important characteristics. Often a
useLthymo-crespl.: It is ,the best form, lithe bird survives the inflammatory give a 'good'record for my 'hens (full party will purchase eggs.from different

of carbolic:acid :I know,of::and; readily ulcerations, be checked, blood brown Leghorns), showing that breeders with the intention of mating
\Ii\ mixes with water.. You may give.taU there is likely to follow a chronic this is.also .a goodly land for poultry cockerels from one lot with pullets

the medicine you can get and.it will catarihwhich; at any time may re raising for: profit.! from another, a fatal error in'myudg-)
not avail anything unless. your; 'premises kindle from dampness and cold into a The yield for four months from ment. "Crossing strains," or introducing

.are clean, ,so .don't, neglect that radical renewal of the first and' worst January 'i, 1891, from forty-eight foreign blood, causes even an
disease hens, was'as-follows: than anything he
when want to eradicate, features. expert more anxiety
valued at $
inr: a i poultry yard. .If.a ,pound ,of '"This disease, like pneumonia, is, January February.2X4'681 era*7* __ 13.10 (does, on account of the uncertainty as
i dtssolvedjm.a pail, from March; MI" II .. ..,.:._ 15.10 the result.
chlorideof: lime peculiarly predisposed to relapse April 814" .' ...,..14.73 to
of(soft.water> ,, .,and this sprinkled .(witha \ the,least exposure after previous attack jt9? It is not necessary to pay $50 for a
spray; pump in every,nook and cornet because the damp and chilly airmust Feed for four: O'months,carefully welgh'd..l2, ; trio of'fowls, as good ones can be had
about the house, it will go,a good be brought into actual contact for much less, yet I am of the' opinon
Net profit,,. t....., ............ W7U his
ways towards cleansing and .purifyingthe with the'now debilitated and sensitive'surtac The -fertilizer from thechicken that the more a man pays for

'premises. and so one season's' ::acquaintance I house amply 'repaying me for my first. .trio, if.they are worth the price,
.i Theulatest,thing to.rid your prem with roup\ permanently impressesitself trouble with them. the better the investmentIt
ises j of.)fleas, is gas, lime., It ,is not, on the memory. L. W,KINNEY. may be remembered by some
"" only,:;death,,. to jiggers but the house "It began once'' in my ,flock from Lake Charles, La.,play 12, 1891. that a few years ago Mr. Lamb, of
fleaftu''before Etandthe' price, is.so little chicks being abandoned and exposed -' > 4 Chicago, paid $287 for seven dark

reasonable that anyone., .can.;use, ,all by the ,hens, and 'soon spread Fowls or EilgS. Brahmas; one cock and six hens and
they want. Price,in Jacksonville, $7 among the fowls."Treatment The question is often asked and pullets-a pretty long price, but the
per ton. E. W. AMSDEN. : ,Pen up every bird ,in oftener considered, whether it is better following winter he won $180 in premiums
Ormond, Fit., May,14.1891.. large, dry Quarters'. Whitewash daily or cheaper to start with fowls\ or ', and the next season sold $900
Boiip."Roup re.! with carbonized lime. Keep out all eggs. The party who purchases eggs, worth of chickens from that pen and
cold feed hot them from 'reliable breeder had the fowls left-not a bad
is inflammation of the draughts'of damp air if he gets a original
an membrane of the air bran, mashed potatoes and meat; andmedicate whose practice is to reserve his best speculation after all.
mucous lining its the throat'';' and mouth and birds, and will sell eggs from them, if Occasionally we hear of remarkable -
passages,;, which often_ pushes'the mouth pres- I nostrils with chloride of podium, or they hatch well, and the purchaserrears results from eggs. Some time ago
slice into the left{ palate, i follows Take bucketful successfully he in Michigan from two
' common salt, as : them gets a a- agentleman. ,
In. its, incipiency or at
and eyes.
of warm salt water, put a teacupful flock at small cost. But there are sittings of eggs, raised chicks that won
first, it is only a cold or catarrh, infection un- of salt. to that amount' of' water. many chances' that all must take: dan- first on cockerel, first, second, third
contracted from others by
less Then catching the bird examine the ger of bad handling''en route, :possibility and fourth on pullets, first on breeding
,:, and !then active it assumes and, a ulcerative specific! ., throat and nostrils, removing all cheesy of' the'sitting hens not doing their pen and all specials in his class;

\ anil especially matter and pressing all mucus out of duty, etc.., besides the! possibility i :.of of course he could not have done bet-
aspect,. at.once. be, the nostrils. Then, filling'a pint cupforeach the eggs not coming from the. _prize ter had he started with a $50 trio, as
therefore .truly
Roup, may distinct ; afflicted bird! hold !it by the' winners. Suppose a, man buys ten this lot of chicks scored the highest
" studied and treated as simple two catarrh feet, with head down, choke it''til the sittings of eggs at $5 per sitting; costing average of any pen of that variety that
the ,
varieties.,, First" characterized mouth is wide open, and then insert him'$50 and express charges. We came before B. N. Pierce that winter.

: ojinucou.1ltUe, that odorless? and, clear the head into the solution, comb down, I will suppose, at a ,low estimate, that By this, it would seem, that honorsare
only by a slight, and.which so that the medicated water'may enter he raises fifty chickens; ;_ they have about even between starting with
mucous issue from the nose, and out' ateach dollar each and' the expense fowls Which ever one does,
\ the cleft in the palate go cost him a ; or eggs.
rarely affects the appetite or general them there ought the best of will produce the
nostril and into the throat. Every of raising;; among j only care
health,of'the fowl. _This vanetymay, :, part t"of the affected surface may 'thus to be' some extra fine ones, and all best results. One man will not get a
so remain, for months,,but usually rescovers and Now the chick out of a dozen,
be immersed, and all at,once, so average good. suppose satisfactory
. jby good diet, ,and; ,warnvdry the ,, eaSily' that I, am persuaded it is the party i is ,anxious to have the best for while another will have all good ones,
k ciean-quarters. ,It, is ,usually chill re- best possible manner of applying the' the next,winter shows, heis, willing both lots of eggs coming from the same
. ... salt;. o f.exposure to, damp, medicine. Eachshould, separately pay'$56 for a choice trio, he goes to fowls.-Fancier? Gazette.
1 I weatliefoul, quarters, nt(' .poor.food. treated, not all from the same cupful., the breeder who has the best of .
"$ecpad;jl, ulcerative catarrh, or, for and an White mile this side of
a allitsessential but one cup will ,do for all. the kind, 'pays gets D. M. one
dipthentic: ) t roup is,.closely alliedjn ."Sulphate; of zink, with' equal parts extra fine trio, .from which he Hammock Ridge, has two acres of
.:characteristics. i to ,malig." of chlorate of potassa, one-half ounce can easily raise ,fifty chicks.! He beans of the Kidney Wax variety, the
naat dj theriaan,the.human! subject.The of the mixture to a bucket of water; knows every one; is from first-class finest we have yet seen in Florida.
,origin or: ,causation is;usually food due or, sulphate of copper, or nitrate of fowls, and the 'chances are (that,his' They mature in six weeks from planting -
to.11lth,insufficient or i improper; silver may be used; about two drachmsof fifty 'chicks, as whole, will be more and it is confidently predictedthat
and cold, wet roosting places; either,. the formerlot i all other kinds.Do .
each to'the,same amount 'of water even and much better than they will supersede
of)all combined:? ,k causesufficienttoproduce be tried, but I have succeeded ; they have cost ,no more.and he i '.. .1 _'
congestion ,and inflammationof ? may 'the saltwater_and carbonized, has his original trio besides; can, you need stationery. of any kindpaperpens aad, _.
the bestijrith!! and Ink t.,He BdloI>aCGt PrtatHif
. Jhe delicate: meinbranese3, ,, : I Ffau *
of his ,Jacksonville
:- throat.; The eyesSegui to waters, the whitewash- breed the: old cock to a pen own rubUah1nJ ..... .:(

# #

i"; ,. :.,.r4lsecti, '._ ::'\. 'iN.S.1..lM.a. "++ -'.4.-' ..... ..7..A: --of;FiliiI'.f''! ''' .t'iRr'I'" _" _1!. '>'-,./ tIow, ',.ii'P ... '. ;:Z' .,,:: ;.:.. .... / ..,...r: ..

.. .- .._. ...- ,

r '.,. ".



vermin and then the climate We dan Take Then*. The African and Asiatic races are

WA1 N't tRflWrbrsRnERSAItIANtt for evils, which any person: of ingenuity Since, the tremendous act of retribu- among the lowest of mankind. We* ,J
lJl and tion witnessed at New Orleans last make no war on missionary effort ,for .'-
t RHERf'R M enterprise' easily March, thousands of newspapers and their reclamation, but lit that effort '.

eosssuoarwMMAILI evade or remedy, and the chances ate public speakers throughout the Union be carried oil in their own coUntf eS.Ve .. ,'

WwWWBTEPHER .. tHe dissatisfied'immIgrant returns. have called loudly for a restriction of \ want the European races in Anier- -{

HAT 28, l &L The-proper way to take the, Florida; immigration, aiming their shafts mainly i i ica, and there,are none of theiii, provided ;

climate is to seize it boldly like a at the Italians.ahd the Slavonians. they ,are honest, but what cane '"'
POWERS ,Editor Manifestly, We do not want any moulded into an integral part of ,
P. O. Address; Law ley,Fla. nettle. The m n'wbo' trifles with
.. : more members+ of the Mafia, or anymore the Union in time.Refrigeration. .' ;
that plant is certain to get stung J so Anarchists, or any more paupers .,
The young man just setting out in he who makes only half preparation cb and criminals sent hither by their own Without Ice.

the world should ,make the motto of live comfortably in Florida will be governments as a good riddance. All matters pertaining to refrigeration -.: J

his life ,never to be afraid of doingtoo Neither do,we want more Chineseor
almost sure to condemn the- State., any are of great interest to the growers t
much. I I any other peoples belonging to the of.truck and fruit in Florida, for .
Turanian or Hamitic branch of the the ice as a is only of less
', preserver 1
The Jfau York World, speaking of Every man should ,bear in mind' human family; they are totally imas importance than the railroad as a car- .1

the "Italians of that it is impossible imitate Gould similable and he heavy on the national rier. Mr. Frank A. Smith has invented y
enormous inpouring
or Vanderbilt in farming or fruit-grow : stomach. and patented a ReftigehnSSalt
late into the United States, uncon- But Italians and Slavonians belongto *
of which expectations: aft
ing, and acquire great riches 'by extended great
concedes economic the division of the human
sciously a
great same great entertained, and a Wealthy 'conipanjr
It (
operations. oran
'principle i in the sentence: "The un very easy race as Ourselves, namely\ the has been formed in Chicago for the

'. natural stimulation given to immigration -: ambitious man to plant too many Indo-European or .Japhetic. In facet; manufacture of it, and to carry on a

tariff laws of trees, too many acres of cabbage> I all the nations of Europe belong to general business in refrigeration.The .
by our iniquitous
more than he can thoroughly care for' this except the Hungarians (Magyars]) ammonia system of refrigeration -
course should'be.corrected. and ,the Finns and and. small
Lapps, a
and so make a failure at last. "the1 has been of great value, espec-
province of the Basques in Spain. ially for the cooling of large cold storage ,
soil tiller deals with nature the city t
The the branch of
The grapevine in Florida producesa Magyars are only establishments ; but for small
manipulator deals with. men and the the Turanian which
very large amount of wood beyondits ; vast family, occu- places, containing from 500 to 5,000 ; .t
forces of nature can not be grasped pies the whole of Asia except Hindostan cubic feet, the cost of machinery and 1

requirements, which has to be and handled in masses as men can. and Persia, that are at all desirable the operating expenses have been too I :
'pruned but it is one of the citizens of United States.
away; compensations > i as the. great to permit its economical use.
"of nature that these cut- They are described, in fact, as a With this refrigerine salt system, how A1

tings, either reduced to; ,ashes or cut Every farmer who is 'troubled by splendid race, occupying nearly the ever, no objections of this kind can

into small pieces and buried about the moles ought to: try a few castor bean same relation to the Germans in Hun- arise. It is claimed that it can be

roots plants. They are said to be 'a "holy gary that the proud Southern cavilier used more cheaply than ice to refrigerate -
form excellent fertilizer. "
mice does to the "poor buckra. butcher's box 12 feet long
a ,
terror" to moles, rats, and in say
But, as we said above the Italians
and 6 feet wide; and more cheaply ,
sects. The plant is perennial r
Mr. Charles S. Newton, Superin- trop- and Slavonians are all of the Indo- than the ammonia process to refrigerate -
ical countries and shows a tendencythat stock and with dress-
European good
warehouse containing
tendent ,of the Caribbean Mine in a 100,000or
Colorado week received:45jOOO' way in Florida. Its not only ing and well tempered mortar they 500,000 cubic,feet of space.
during one
useful in this direction but highly or- may be built in as enduring stones in- : At the request'of this company a
: pounds of mail, consisting of namental. The beans are more or to the national edifice. The Slavsare i committee of Chicago citizens made a

newspapers,mailed in New York. As in our opinion, more hopeful and test of this new system, keeping ISO
less poisonous but not likely to
it, was about the time when the railroad are I plastic subjects than the Italians, for pounds of beef eight days in a box, at
be eaten by stock ;unless mixed with ; have the thick blood and
weighed its mail in order to determine they mighty the end of which time they found it
something else. We once knew an brawn out of which Russia is built. "dry, firm and in perfect condition/
how much to charge the Gov
But all the of in its
old gardener who was as noted for dregs Europe They add in conclusion i
ernment, it is, believed that this was a yeasting for two thousand have
years salt fa
for who t. We art!satisfied that refrigerine can *
scheme to defraud the Post Office raising vegetables as fishing, settled to the bottom into Italy;.that felled Upon to prodtice a brine for refrigeraUoil

Department.The 'always had a few dozen of these plants peninsular is,bloodshot, congested; and with a temperature at z ra. F
.e. scattered about his garden for the pur, pustular. If we could take the Ital- 3. That this brine dad be used a* a reliable

of keeping moles. ians, and keep them all in high lati- agent for:refrigeration the use of tanks add
character of the soil is of great pose away pipes.
t tudes, say north of Mason and Dix- 3. That the re/rigerine/ brine after haYIng
importance as well as climate in deter- on's .line, the frost and the wind of been used,Can be cheaply: evaporated and the
mining what productions are: suitable In the North the opinion is very our Northern climate would eventually salt successfully recovered without material loss

to .a given locality. The prudent generally entertained by the best horticulturists reduce their congested condition; tn quantity;and that it can be reused- for the
and would become excellent citizens purpose of refrigeration without any loss of power
that strawberries planted they
. man will consider well what the adaptations to produce a cold: brine.
of his particular soil and after strawberries indefinitely will not the.Latin fire happily temperedand 4. That places to be refrigerated can be keptat
blended with Saxon force. But if
any required degree of coolness,and that the
do'well. It is with themto
will not attempt promiscuous cropping.Low customary all the Italians settled down into New air will be pure and dry The moisture in the

and ,damp lands are.suitable,for plow the plants under after the second -: Orleans and other Southern cities and the atmosphere and the gases arising from

the growing cabbage, lettuce celery .picking and plant something else. States, these will in turn become f feverish on the the articles tank stored and pipes will; be condensed into frost .

onions' and strawberries,.,'?while It is quite possible that a too long and congested like Sicily. We 5. This system of refrigeration is expensive ia '
in shall always have plenty to do to keep respect to the cost of the required tanks and '
planting one place maybe one
the dry sands will yield sweet, potatoes even our Saxon blood from getting hot pipes. The apparatus occupies but little space,

cassava and peanuts to ,advant-, cause of their "running out," ,owingto along the Gulf, and to pour Sicilian the salt produces no offensive gas,and the brine

age if well manured. the exhaustion of some mysterious, ,currents into it would be adding fire is'not used under pressure. These we regard as
very important features in this system. We are
t element which we. do not know how to tow. satisfied that this system is of great value, and

One of the greatest mistakes made to supply. But we are convinced that 'We regard the Slavonic as one of there is a broad field for its introduction in the
the strongest races of Europe. In dty of Chicago., Respectfully submitted.
by,many 'settlers in Florida is that there is another and more active ,
Bohemia, the Tzechs (who are Slav The accounts of the experiments
they do not provide for solid 'comfort, I cause'of "running out_ ," namely, the onians) are the land-holding class, that have been made with this refrige '

which they should do in this 'State, growing of runners from plants that while the Germans are the artisans rine salt mention that the brine was

just. as thoroughly) they, would, in have produced fruit; and that this tendency and tradesmen, and are often oppressed renewed every twenty-four hours. In
the haughty Tzechs. order to make its use successful in
by a
,the North. A plea frequently made may be checked by allowing
We should not condemn too severely refrigerator car it would be necessaryto
for building shell of house with only vigorous plants to produce runners
a a these Italians, Poles, Hungarians have refrigerating stations along >;

wretchedly inadequate. conveniences:! for new settings. Still, it may be and others coming to our shores from the road between Florida and the

is that they are not certain'whether well worth while for our growers who degraded conditions of life. If they North, at which a fresh supply of the

the climate will suit them and whether have not prospered in the past year or only belong to the great Ind-European brine could be introduced into the
family and are honest and industrious cars. These stations would have tobe
canremain two to inquire seriously ,whether they
they or not. { small, ,
they will l eventually make a closer together than they would
dose, unplastered house, without t_ vera&das. lad better. not plant fresh ground this place as good citizens, or at any rate where the refrigeration was producedby

*. becomes. l hot and< 4 infested- J | v.with_ Teu', .VTin, ,heir children or grandchildren j will.., means- of ice, but the great saving 9
j 4
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'MAY.28,1801 THE .FARMER : = 429
11 AND

in the matter' of weight'to' be 'hauled Table apples cost 75 cents a pe'k.: Calumet Club to-day. The Charles F..Roehle light seed would amount to$2,000,000. "

in the cars would offset this if riot Aba' "'docks or grape fruit sell(or 75cento and brought 3,000 dozen to C. C. Bnckman & Co., Oats for fodder sown thick,' they ..

,more. $I :25 a dozen. Single shaddocks cost as much and the James A.Garfield 4,000( dozen to Sam say yielded nearly a ton and a half

a*:20 cents wl particularly' fine,and large. uel M. Lawder&Co. Prices range from. to .
But it is '
more particularly for acre.
use per
Fresh mushrooms are worth 70 and 80 cents $ln.
in the household, in butcher shops, a pound*.- V ,Y'Tribune. .,PEANUTS There: Is a good demand'current After learning last fall of this hot '

etc., that !this newly invented! : salt NEW'YORK Mar 23 and supplies are very moderate, low grades water treatment, it occurred to me that A.
being very scarce Prices are without' ; quot- form of fun- ;
gives promise of greatest usefulness.! Fnsln'is In all produce lines,forte. week! rust, another destructive
abechange, but a decided upward tendency;
0 The plants can be operated by" unskilled closing to-day has been large and'prices gen- MISCELLANEOUS VEO JCTABLE&-Q.eneral gus, that not only attacks the heads

labor; the bnne is not used erlly, aU racfory.- Receipts have been trade is healthy, receipts moderate, fair de- but the stems and leaves of oats,

.under pressure and no 'bursting' is I heavy, and yet the demand has Increased mand current. Prices, as a rule, are quite might be overcome by the same means.
The imports of from
likely to occur. One of the :most proportionately.Bermuda and'Egypt,etc.,aggregate'theenormous steady. Cabbage Is in good demand and has Accordingly I took oats bought for

interesting features about it is the: com- amount of 4V515 barrels and crates,and taken an upward turn. ; peas easier. Green horse feed and put them in water at
show decline. Strawberries
tomatoes some
absence of the from price hold firm. Potatoes arriving freely stirred them and covered
plete drip melting arriving freely,but not In excessive quantities 133 up ..
ice and-the consequent' cleanliness. from South Carolina, prime NlItog'from I @(j values hold steady. Quotations-Char- with the bag to keep up the heat.
16 seconds,$2. 0@3.50. We do anticipate '
PSI ; leston cabbage, L75@.25: ; Florida string To maintain the temperature as

Markets for Florida Produce lower prices. Cabbage selling favorably: beans, $2$3; do.wax,$3 g 3.50; North Carolina evenly as possible, it is best to use
:South Carolina, GeorgiA and North Carolina,
peas,$ 1.25per ha.f; ; Norfolk. $1.2)(1150( ; of
two three volumes water to one
n1 2.25; Norfolk, 175. Peas Virginia and or .
NEW YORK MARKET. Charleston beetl.llll.25;new potatoes.prlme, !
Indiana, $l.WQ175 basket: beets, U.25I< of seed.
per 7 do. seconds $ ( tomatoes rl"' e,12.25c2
$ @ ; J4; ,
NEW YORK! May 16.
12 cucumb Florida $2.50@3 50
crate rs
per ; The treated oats were'sown adjoin-
the,, tba'frultstores So; do green,$1.26(91( 75; asparagus. Norfolk
Among at
new thing seen
per cfl'tei tomatoes, carriers, l@2.50.crates. prime,200; Florida eggplants, 18(17 per a field of rust-proof. Both suffered
this week have been blackberries from
$1 502 plant, $2( 6 barrel crate:
; erg per
the'far South sell bbl or bbl. crates; South. Carolina cauli greatly from drouth The treated oats
They for 25 cents a quart, ..quab,|1.0@2; beans South Carolina and
.. flower.$538 crate Florida cucumbers,
box. per month later than the
Georgia $2 532.75 crate I2c( were sown a
wax per ; green
$2$3( per box; radishes,50c(f$1 perSb l.;Itr W-
RecUfoache salmon can be bought In Fulton 2.50>; cherries, North Carolina, 6@18o ; strawberries others, and the crop was very much
berries, fancy 12cJ14; fair to good, 7c@10;
Market for 40 cents a pound. Kennebec Maryland, I2J15C.: Norfolk @IOc. headed
; : rhubarb,per luu bnnc.tes, J3j3.50. lighter. Both finally togetherand
Hirer salmon costs 60and' 75 rent. North Carolina, 518c.; b'ackb3rres| 9. other
Among the new things In Fulton quart. A few peaches bare arrived from
Smut and Rust Fungus.Editor time and both made bright sweet
Market 1* a monster turtle weighing. 350) Flsrlda; sold,carriers, $4 g6. ,
pounds,which was caught off the harbor> of G 8."P LJlBR. Farmer sad Fruit-Grower

Galveston and brought to this city on*Mai- Smut and rust on all kinds of cereals hay.The experiment was sufficiently encouraging

Tory etea er. These big,turtle are gold to PHILADELPHIA MARKET.PHILADELPHIA are a source of immense loss to to be tried again, and will

hotel men. They cost 30 cer t* a pound. farmers, and so careful an authorityas endeavor to have the seed in the ground
Every week there Is a, sharp reduction! In ,Msy23.1891.
''t vegetables but not until' midsummer, when With only a fair supply Florida Vegetables the Edinburg Encyclopedia 'says : early in September,.so as to get a good

t the fields and truck gardens"'of New Jrwy arriving, we quote an ac:ire market and "No remedy or preventive is known start before the usual fall drought.

and Long Island begin to ylrld their fulnes, better pi Ices on choice lomatoesauJ 1 Cucumbers for smut." Florida suffers from both, I think soaking seeds of all kinds

' b will they be within reach everybody.. The especially the latter, unless the more before planting a good practice. It
Norfolk gardens are now being drawn on. to Egg Plauta are also scarce and wanted,and
expensive rustproof seed is used. hastens germination and probably
some extent,but the bulk of the vegetables will bring full quotations when choice
consumed in this city still come from' the Orange and Grape Fruit arriving In very Happily a sure and costless preven (fewer seeds fail. Brewers, in malting

States of Georgia and South' Carolina I t Southern small quantities, and with a good Inquiry, tive has been discovered by a Dane barley, steep the grain twenty-four to

cucumber are selling for 10 cento. each, can readily placed at full quotations. We named Jensen It is simply a fifteen thirty-six hours, and it remains in a

hothouse'cucumbers at 20 cents a pound; egg. q';ote follows: minutes immersion of the seed in heap a few hours longer. In this way
plant are 15 and 21 cent each" new' cabbage To 1A TO .-Choice to fancy, per box, 'J 50
from Florida and Georgia 5 cent i each, new @I3.50; fair to good, 81.7532 25; culls,75311.25, water of a temperature of 126 to 133 every sound kernel sprouts uniformly.The .

beets cents' a bunch, Florida tomatoes 30 6 basket (carriers choice) to fancy rJ.75"cU; F., according to the kind of grain. farmer may thus take a lesson

cents a quart and hothouse tomatoes 40 cents (poor To in v toe. should not be put In these Oats, rye and wheat take the latter from the maltster.

a pound; Long.Island asparagus 10,'20)and' 40 carrier ) ; and barley the former. After trying several things for hay,

cent a bunch,siring beans 20) cents a 'quart, CUCUMBERS.-In active demand and when Fungus spores have less vitality than I have settled down upon oats for fall

green peas 76 cento a:,peck, Bermuda ,onions, strictly prime will sell readily at.from l&fiO and heat of.
the of the grain as and winter for and
lScentsaqnartcallflower20 A'nd.2) .cento a 4.50( 'per box; fair to good, $2.50@3; ,culls, .$1 germs cow peas spring
head chives 10 cento a bunch, garlic 13"cents L50. course will destroy both, the. problem crab grass for summer. This rotationhas

a bunch, horseradish root 10 cents'a pound; FLORiDA STRING BEAKS.-Are mostly of Jensen was to find the lowest been followed several years. The

lettuce GO cents dozen beads, n hit'5 cents. a poor and range in price from U@( .per' box temperature that would effectually destroy -; oats and peas get fertilizers, the crabgrass

bunch,oyster plant 10 cents a bunch;peppers according to quality; demand good for. prime one without injury to the other.. takes the leavings and stubble.
5 cents each sweet potatoes 8 cents ,a quart stock. .
.. better but still His succcess seems perfect. Two acres or so give hay for a horse
,and Burly Rose wliter' potatoes the same; SQUASH. Moving price
Florida'new potatoes 11 cents a' quart, ''radhhes low; selling!to-day, 60 to 9J cents per box. The Kansas Experiment Station and two cows, and I have no fault to

rent.a bunch, rhubarb cento a bunch, Yellow not salable. thoroughly tested this hot water treatment find with Florida on this score.

spinach 26 cento a peck, nqukfth 6 and 10 cents EGO 'PLANTSWanted@12 per bbl on oats, and have repeatedly endorsed The oat product of Florida for 1889,

each,turnips 6 cents a quart and' watercress. NEW PorATOsp.--Receipts liberal, but'demand it in their bulletins. as reported by the late census, was
10 cents a quart .. good and. Improving-Helling choice to
Here, in brief few of 'their bushels raised
To the great satisfaction of con-timers'In+ fancy, perbtJl..5Y. seconds; and mediums, are a 543,000 on 53,000

this city there has been sharp decline l in the $A 0its 6u;: culls, tl.50($?, according to ,size conclusions in regard to oat culture : acres, an average of 10.8 bushels per

price of butter. Flnt- lau bra* ds of Western rite Indication are that prices wM ,Improve "The disease," says the Bulletin, acre. Georgia averaged only 9.7

creamery can now be had at retail fob 26 some in a few day on grime flock. "is spread by spores which become in bushels. But such 'was her large acre-
cents a pound. "Rapid changes In the butter OKANOIt8.W"nted (rom |:&7 WIper box
closed in the hulls of the grain, or age that the crop footed up 5,455,000
market are quite frequent," said an authority If sound. Grape Fruit, 1334. .
nn the subject but the decline this time PSENTUsACIISS.--Per carrier containing perhaps more rarely in the soil. In bushels. Virginia averaged 9.8 bushels

beats all previous record At the close of 103.,sell readily at from $3.5U@5. all ordinary cases the disease can be ; North Carolina, 9; Tennessee, 9J4,

last week there were slight evidences of the UEDFIED & HON. entirely prevented by treating the seed and Alabama 12 bushels.

market giving, way, and, :some, decline was fifteen minutes in water raised to a The average of Florida is, therefore,

predicted for this week but nobody looked BALTIMORE MARKET. temperature of 132 F. encouraging, and with early sowing,
for the bottom to drop out sO completely.as
has been the case., Tbe fact that the offerings BALTIMORE May 21. "The other fungicides tested when heavy seed and more fertilizing it cane '

were largely of hay butter or' only slightly FLORIDA OBA OEs.-The market is necessarily destroying all or nearly all of the > made much higher. This State

tinged with grass,and If, not got out of the quiet under scanty supplies due to. thea smut, greatly injured the stand. can be made self-sustaining in oats,

way would come Into competition with fresh most total cessation of arrivals. There Is "The extent of damage! to the 'crop is hay and grain.
still a demand however,and any offeringsare '
Jots of better contributed to'the
,quality largely
taken not limited to the visible smut, since L. H. ARMSTRONG.
readily at full prices, buyers not :
slump. A decline 2 to 3 cea to occurred -
dally"In the wholesale price until we are being over choice now. The business Is on treated seed gives an increase of yield, BL Nicholas, Fla., May 21, J89I.

now 10 cents below.the figures quoted a week Ib last legs for this season, however,and at'least twice as great as would result I...

ago., The chief causes of the unprecedenteddecline there Is really but little to say of the market. in replacing the smutted heads 'by It is now generally conceded that

* are found In the largely Increased supplies The season si' a.whole has been a very satisfactory sound ones." '\s orange trees should be headed low.

1 from all sections East and West' 'and .one to' ,Baltimore handlers. Quota- is The of and heading -
This noteworthy.The
,last statement systems open
tions follows Choice
are as : bright, 171-20,
current lately
# the feet that the high prices
,had curtailed the consumption so nvch thatIt J4.OO.; do, mixed sizes, $-I to$1,26,18,as to size; Bulletins also state that untreated are practically obsolete. All dead,

was utterly Impossible to use the goods. choice russets, 175-200, f4 60; straight lines oats had 5 to 10 per cent of weak or interfering wood should be

Ig Neighboring markets were drawing-supplies 14.55' ; 9i-112s.$8.75 toll.Puta.arrLzs.Tbe L smut, and the loss on the oat crop of cleared from the inside of the trees;

direct aad the out-of-town trade which always market Is firm with a the State from smut was estimated at otherwise, but little pruning is neces-
Is an Important factor, had ceased,en- good demand current and supplies not exces
of Low heading sun
the $1,743,827Another prevents
sive. Packer are anxious for supplies and enormous sum sary.
tirely. Now that the flood ha o';me and gone
buying fact brought out from baking the ground under the
there are few who would wish It. otherwise. are promptly local authorities on important ,
. Many: of the retailers are cutting'their;prices the subject. predict a short season. During is that heavy seed oats yielded six trees and from injuring the trunk,

to correspond with"} the lower, prices In.'the the week schooners 'G. ii. Robinson 8. E.Egerton .' bushels to, the acre more than light moisture retained, the fruit-laden

markets. We took f&r"be-u.e1" market and a ,3. F. Lnngrell, Battle Roberts andc. seed. Thus they estimated that the branches are self supporting and the
have of
C. Wheeler about
tre Steawberrtai er"1'tee1cot batter next west." 6,100() dozen each to'T. B. Schsll cargoes, who received difference of value to the State of theo fruit is more .easily and cheaply gath-.
20 cents
$ are jelling for IS and a .' .
also similar the Ruth A. and at between using heavy and ered. ... .
,,&arrt,' 1.:..' ''' :j ... :- cargoes per Price crop ;

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.:tJ, "<' +ai fir 1.',.iii,.(',,_... ...........--.4'.r::' .... ...,;.........r.o..:.. <...." ." :_ "::,., '." ",... ,..fi:. :,.-1.." "" .,.... "' .... ...... .. .. '!>: ....,

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Qade \ and Lawn sub-aquatic, but, those who, ,know them a'town pleasant, and gives conditions who tap the pine-trees. There are, ,
... ...... : i in their native haunts assert that they to the exterior of the home in harmony 'I it is said, stills enough ,in.operation in t .
--- have not the slightest claim to such, with the beauty and love that the State to Use up the remainder df
Free& as. as they are usually found growing in should characterise if within the timber in seVen years; and yet ail
It would, perhaps, be impossible spots altogether removed, from such The village library has always been that i is! paid for the privilege, bf dfcitroying -
a name anything more beautiful or c conditions, inhabiting in short, dry; found a strong agent in Village improVement *- the Value bf the treeS is
chaste than these lovely Cape bulbous stony ground, which, in the end, but It acts tipoh these Who seVejity-five bents to a dollar,an acre,
plants, when in flower. The old'way furnishes another instance of how control, stimulating thoUght,. \V ken- or $5,000,000) for the destruction of
'0.( growing freesias was to dry: the very little,value to the cultivator: is the ing enterprise ahd arousing energy. l forests which in,.fifteen.years of good ; .
bulbs off::very carefully after flowering, natural, habitat of a plant. tt is certainly It powerfully\ affects the, boys. management might, it is safe to say <
and,afterwards to shake them'out, and interesting to be in possession' Dead villages 'mean dead villagers.* produce $150,000,000 worth of lum-
go'through the usual sorting and sit, of the fact, more particularly when Beautiful l shaded avenues, ood pavements ber and naval stores without seriously
ing before restarting them into growth such things are'grown to far' greater I sewers, lights, beautiful lawns, diminishing their productiveness. The l
'again in early autumn. ,This annual perfection under conditions quite dif. all indicate activity of mind among men who carry on the turpentine industry .
drying off for three',or'four months or ferent from those where they grow the people. It is not money alone, do more damage than the lum- J
even longer is a great mistake, ,the'result naturally. The most suitable temperature '- nor chiefly, that produces such im bermen. TheJatter leave small trees,
being that many,never start:againat is a moist one of about '50 provements. It is mind. Where is generally all those.which do not measure t
'all, and those that do start insteadof or 60. A very common complaintis village improvement greatest? Is it ten inches: 'across bn the sttlmp.iTie ,
exhibiting increased strength and the difficulty in 'starting freesias in those sections that are most illiterate turpentine farmers, however,take
,vigor, hardly flower so well as in the into growth, an item .which tells town ?,'- Let Us recognize the cause, everything they see, big and little, I'I'J: :!
previous year it may be,. and certainly tale; they have been kept too dry as'closely related 16 pUblic instructionand and once the resinous surface of the :
show no'signs'of improvement: The and are merely showing their disapproval of home influence. Let these trees is exposed, fire is almost certain
general cultivation of freesias, is at the of it.. There will be'none ,of allies be arrayed in solid lines against to finish the, damage the axe of the ",
present time very imperfectly" .understood this trouble where the soil has been their common.enemies, ignorance and turpentine farmer has commenced.It .j
f'I by the majority of ,gardeners. kept moist thro\1ghout.-lt..J. in The ugliness, filth; disease and death.- appears from a recent investiga. .
The freesia for cutting holds an almost Garden. Pennsylvania School Journal. tion made of the area ,and conditionof '
'unique position. By strict adherence *-*-* -= 'fc i. the Georgia ,pine forests that 266 |
to'the old way of growing these lovely The Children's Gardens.. Eureka) turpentine stills are ,in operation in | .
fragrant' flowers, one is made",to believe Let us not;forget the:children's gardens We haVe itl! The "Complete the' State.v The farms necessary to
, that their tiny bulbs would never at"home;, neither;must we forget Horse Book" tells all about the Horse supply one still will use up i ,ooo
, properly increase to flowering size if that, they' are of a younger growth and Buggy. We got it for 10 cents acres of timber in three years, and it
they did'not-undergo year by,year'the than we. Their ambition exceeds in stamps from Pioneer Buggy Company is believed at the present rate of operation
sorting and sizing to 'which they and their ,knowledge. Their ,efforts are Columbus, 0.Destruction that. the Georgia pine-forests
,other plants are subjected. 'Such a persistent if not untiring. We cannot would be ruined'''in twelve years eVe'ri
course is,all very well from'a'commercial perform a,giant's,task, and should not of the Pines. if a single'acre had riot already been '
point of ,view, but with ,this the expect a boy:to do a man's work. Let Of the extravagant methods which boxed But as four-tehtfas bf the
'average gardener has 'nothing,what" us teach them to love;garden,work, prevail in the United States none cer- trees have been boxed; seven yeah; .
ever'to do. My present ,concerning and half of ours is done. Get:tools, tainly exceeds in extravagance that at the present; -rate the, destruction is ,
freesias will, it is hoped,'prove light and adapted, to _their strength Under which the turpentine industry going:on, will steal away, Mr. Cooper
seasonable, as I doubt, not ma1Y'Yill' and give-them, little, piece of groundwhere of the South is conducted; and there is believes. the life of every pine: tree in .,
'" have had them in flower during,the" something will grow, and .not no business connected with the products Georgia. It,is only necessary to ex-
I L past and present month 'with,'other insure,discouragement by giving them: of the soil Which yield so little examine the condition of the pine
: batches tc follow on. A continuously some shaded corner or barren :spot return in proportion to the destruction forests in 'eastern North Carolina,
moist soil is absolutely necessary for that,a'' champion gardener could l get of material involved. Mr. W G. Cooper where. the turpentine' industry was
freesias, and throughout the growingaad no satisfaction from, as many guard. i in discussing in a recent: issue of the first established and has thus' been
flowering season they may, in ians do. unless we wish to, disgust Southern Ln herman the forestwealthof longest'practiced, to _realize the effectit
deed they should be,* kept. almost at them with. gardens and plants and the State of Georgia, calls attention'again has on our forests, and the ,sound- >
. saturation point, not by standing them drive them to/truer friends and'better. in a forcible manner to the lamentable ness of Mr. Cooper's views. Wil- 1
in pans or saucers ,of water continuously places than they find,with Us,,,and to results which have always mington which was' once the most (
this they will quickly reseat, seek pleasure in,some other.way. We followed the manufacture of turpen- important" shipping point in the'world ;f
but by giving them abundant supplies must show them again and again the tine in this country. The pine-forests for: naval stores and 'the principal '1
::3 two of three times daily. Instead of things they ought to. know, and remember of Georgia once represented fabulous shipping point for Southern hatd .J
drying them off when the flowering" is that example is the most potent wealth; they were not surpassed by pine, 'has nolost entirely its
complete and when they show signsof factor in the,education of a child. those of ;any other region* and, could commercial importance as a point of
diminished activity simply lessen We must give them help to dig the they have been wisely husbanded distribution for forest products, the
the water supply, never allowing the stubborn soil, and tell them why some would have made Georgia one of the North Carolina pine forests being no ..I,
soil to be anything approaching dryness things are likely to flourish in this richest States in the union. Mr. longer a considerable or even an' im- I
: There is not the least necessity particular ground and others not Cooper estimates that of the$400,000,- portant factor in the country's supply.
for'shaking the bulbs out'every year, Advise them about getting,their plants 000 worth of pine now standing in > i \

and sorting into sizes. Instead ,of and ,seeds, which perhaps are more them, fortyper cent., or$160,000,000 us yonrordera for note paper,pea,
this, grow them, on and shift into valued if of their ',own selection, and worth, have been killed by the turpentine inks .and all supplies. We will treat youright. 'jBend 'j\
larger pots as they require it. The obtained with some effort ,on their farmers, as the men. are called ,Jacksonville DaCofcta Printing, Fla. and Pub1i1btDC'Bonae *
usual sized pot'for starting,them is'a part American Garden.
five-inch of accommodating '
one, capable
a dozen average large sized bulbs.: ,Improving Village' Landscapes: SYMPTOMS OFPARESIS :G
These, if grown as I have described, Village improvement will ever be : I ,
should the following year be placed associated,in this land with the name
into six-inch pots, and so 'on" yearly, of the Hon. B.: G. Northrop.; TheN
according to their strength individually ew York !Trttune has issued for saleat ; ;
repotting them annually in the '5 cents a copy ((100 copies for ,$3,
latter part of August or'early in Sep or' 1,000 for'$25): ), ,in pamphlet form, (.CONSUMPTION OF TOE BRAIN THE BRAIN (from a p io egrdpJ!).
tember.. Let those who delight to an article by him that has already .appeared IleaHhy Omdil m. Wttk Paratt latent.
have these lovely, sweet-scented flow- in its columns. It may be Restlessness,a feverish t'11DJi sleeplessness periodic headache dterfne ,diraaew of vWen, ,
ringing in the ears :Jr. trouble in remembering names and the tux evea of f -fl
ers pursue this mode of culture,for twb profitably read in every village. It friends. The victim of Paresis often shocked or annoyed Ue, noises and trifling tfilan.
1 or.three years, and compare' the results -' shows how many declining towns have The nervous system is often in such condition that:very aught causes,or even no caase at ah, i
may excite to sudden outburst,of anger. A feeling of pressure upon.the. brain fa'frequently '1
increased the value of their
, from previous experience. property, followed by seasons of despondency mental depression alternating with period( of wild,fltasive "
; While growing :freely :weak liquid how homes have been made more 'at hopes. When the brain begins to consume or decay many of these sympton become aggravated.'
manure maybe given twice weekly., tractive and 'how benevolent men in 'The world seems strange or different from what it was in the past,thought become I a:positive
effort and life an intense burden.
;" The most suitable soil for them is loam all the,country have shown 'substantially -. The system,needs soothing toning. and building up. 'Something untMaal is demaaded.
; and in equal adding"some' ,their appreciation of village im And here is where the great difficulty has always been-to find something pure aad yet positive
peat parts, In its results. The late Prof.Phelps.of Dartmouth College realized this when be began&k Investigation -
: sharp sand and some. rotten ,manure. provement.The which resulted'In the discovery of Fame's Celery Compound.> :He knew saea sad
women required something heretofore unknown to the world,and his great discovery ha tended .
: homes of
and last
but town
Pot firmly not a or
very ..
it. This compound checks Paresis,even after it has secured a fbotficM ia tfce ,.
least, provide free and ample drain become what they should be',by Taken on the approach of the first symptoms,it will positively prevent their increase It*Ikitjto* J
endorsements by the medical fraternity and the cures it aflfeeting easily aeeoot fee Mi wonder*.
the of its citizens. This
It age. By reason of their water loving co-operation ful popularity and the unusual stir it has caused in this community
: d tiOR they have been termed,. develops the friendly spirit that makes --
i .
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,Scientific :Cookery. 1 I oysters and fruit are cooked withoi face, I shall be glad to know it, for
+Our\ IUlfl i10IQ.e.- these are not statements hastily made,
: .for Our:fi*ra1!Home. .. exposure to, the air, water or stean,
.. Liebig and Leatherby: in "these n thus preserving all the flavor and as,an experience,of over a quarter ofa
-'" -- '- markable cantor lectures.said t'our juices. Oatmeal, cracked wheat century has brought me to these
meats, were largely spoiled by hero,g ,Graham flour, rice, grits, etc., when conclusions.
Met F tfftrf FriU-Gf .f / with
thc bt: ; :thou. nutritious Oatmeal mush may be eaten
overcooked;; not by belngtoo properly cooked are the most -
t am verY glad tb see' your ,hot 1 onghly! cooked but at too high a tenpetsttite and delicate articles, of food- stale bread and butter with impunity,

department is open to, eiFmpetanteq from the fact that a.largpfopottionof ; the whole nutriment is retained; there by many, but there are some whose

e5 on, ,for it is a subject all, omen i the nourishing 'part: of is no sticking or burning to the kettle< digestive organs are so disorganized
should'be interested'in. Ifyouhaino our meats ,is albUmen, and, glutesWhat ., and the grains come out whole and that they cannot tolerate mush of any-
; is custard and kind.-New England Farmer.
we :want of meatS eaten to beautiful. Cornstarch,
son ,tobe ruined by,the demon:;< = .
become as'easily as possible a part of blanc mange, in fact all dishes prepared < -
strong'drink' your neighbor or your our flesh and blood, hence the less in milk, or water are cooke HORSFORD'S ACID PHOSPHATE.A .

friend may have,':and" is the greate change the meat undergoes by cooking; with ,absolute safety and ,delicacy. Nerve Food and Tonic. *

evil .that is marring this, our fair lam the more nourishing' and the mor I For'baking Boston brown bread, wedding The most effective yet discovend.
'' it becomes.If : fruit cake and steaming all
Strong drink is claiming :a 'large'per< easily digested or .
cent of,the young of to-day;, not on!y we put a piece of. ,beef weighing kinds of puddings it is unequaled. It
:iflen'ruining,themselves three pounds in an oven to bake, after will save its small cost in oil in less Sweet Pickled Tomatoes.

buttheyyare dragging' db'wti.; to tfegri it is cooked it will weigh only twi than three months. If we couldn'tget Some of our most popular sweet

dation the girls ,as well: The your oubds. l'Ut.-lt, in a kettle to boil i it another ours couldn't be bough pickles are made from green tomatoes.'
men who,take a social glass occasionally will weigh only two pounds when for ten times what it cost us $3.75 Either of the following rules are excellent
woo and win our fairest maiden: taken oUL the satfle principle applie F. E. WELLS. :

In a few'short.years the appetite ha to stemming-itieat loses one-third, in Bartoir,Fla.. > t SLICED TOMATO PICKLES.-One
gone: ,beyond his..control and, 'she'is i 3 weight. There is no worse plan of: Oatmeal Mush. peck of green tomatoes, six large
dragged down,to his level in the gu cooking than by steaming, for. 'stein onions. ''Slice and arrange in alter.
ter, for a :man lowers and raises a. deprives the meat of its own''juice' : After reading in your issue of?Marc] aate layers, salting well In the
wife to'his position.i : and replaces them with water, thus 14 Miss Edith Barnes "Bill of far morning drain off all the salt water-a

Now, how long would" the open saloon rendering the meat tough and taste for farmers," I must, from a, medical large steamer is excellent for this pur-
exist if the women of'today haaa'' less. Meat cooked by steam heat ira standpoint, take,exceptions to certain pose. Cook for 'five minutes in one
voice? How long? Only a very short I tight vessel weighs just as much articles of diet which she makes prominent quart of vinegar mixed with two quarts
time. They say it: is, degrading for when taken out as when put in. If in her breakfast meal, viz.; : Oatmeal Df water. Drain again thoroughly,

women to go, to' the polls and vote we can save one-third of our meat bills: and hot apple sauce. It ha hen; mix with the following ingredients -
How much more degrading to be ; it is a matter of no' small importanceto been my experience as a medical man : Two quarts of cider vinegar,
k ased with idiots and Kindred cattle most people. :find that more dyspeptics and cause:: iy pounds of sugar, two ounces of
Mow much ,more degrading. visit The writer is the fortunate possessor of indigestion are brought out by the white mustard seed, two tablespoon-
the saloon iti the dead of night, as of one of the best steam-heat cookers ontinuous eating of "oatmeal mush"than ills each of ground cloves, cinnamon
the extant and i if readers'were'aware ; other one article of diet, anc and six
many a iriotHer does, to persuade <+ your any md ginger, green peppers
poor,erring boy to,return home 1.i HOT: of what a treasure it ;is they would from this reason, viz., that it is almos hopped: fine. Boil till well seasoned.
;much; shore degrading to bury. tha wonder how they ever got on withoutone. universally eaten with milk, consequently 'When cold add several pieces of horse-

poor boy out of sight in .i drunkard Think of.cooking a dinner large passes into the stomach without adish.

grave;, and know'that but fot the curs+< enough fot ten men-meat- potatoes, mastication, bringing the whole CHOPPED TOMATO PICKLE.-One
of intemperance you would, ,have ;a t turnips and a pudding by the heat ol Burden of digestion upon the digest peck of green tomatoes, four large
that simple spirit lamp or a $i: oil stoveDr ve organs, 'yiz., the stomach (where
staff for your declining years, as a onions) three green peppers, a quarter
you went down the, ,hill of :years hi: over a single hole of a wood stove. i he food is prepared for digestion by of a pound of white mustard seed, one
arm would uphold,you.and make your: The.cooking is entirely done 'by,live a churning'process) and large bowel ablespoonful each of ground cloves,

life a,.long,,day ofrestandpeace.- steam generated very rapidly. The There the food is finally digested.It innamon: and celery seed, one quart
We bring up a fair boy, he( has all meat is put into one,kettle, ,which hast is a well known fact the action I of'> '' vinegar and one pound of brown
the ,graces, his mind is well storec; false bottom and the cover"fits very of the jaws in mastication throw ugar. Prepare the tomatoes and
c with,knowledge, and we see him enter tightly, and is thus hermetically sealed; out from the salivary glands a fluid,, onions, as in previous recipe. After
he hen the vegetables are put into a per'orated 9r> gastric juice, which when
a profession with ,all promise, : hey have been boiled in the vinegar
will climb to the,highest .pentacle in [ steamer, and in the last dish with the chyme secreted from the and water, drainand.chop fine. Now
it; .but,in an idle moment ,he yields\ tc the; pudding is put and covered up, tomach, makes up a perfect digestible nix with other ingredients and cook

temptation and in,a few: years he fill: md an outer cover serves as a con- substance. Chyme alone. cannot a L few moments.-Good Housekeeping.SCROFULA.
.an unhonored: grave. lenser.. Then having put a few quartsf perform the work perfectly, and therefore !

..Women, mothers, wives is this what water in the reservoir, all you haveo it is absolutely necessary that
we bring sons into,this world for? tc ; do is to light your fire or stove and ood which requires mastication must
become victims of this demon? Lei imply( 'let it alone until you are readyo be> eaten to insure good digestion andKet

us rise in our might, come one,' come ; serve your dinner. ; the most nourishment from the
all, and,band ourselves together,prom Steam is generated in three minutes bod. When your fair correspondent I
i& ng before God and man,to,do, all ir md your dinner is cooking. A poor dds "hot apple sauce" to her oatmeal eczema,
evil.. ook meals a''good mush diet, what can be the result -
our power, to down this great cannot spoil your ,tetter, boils
Are we,not citizens? Are we notland ook can cook better with one than but fermentation, causing gas in
he intestines giving a feeling or sensation ulcers, sores, "L ,
owners? Are,we not bread-winners- ]? \without: if; no watching or stirring; it '
Aad why should we sit idly ,down and an't:: boil over; .burning, scorching, of goneness which most people rheumatism, and .

,let men make :laws that we have, tc smoking; or overcooking is impossible. hink is caused by hunger and put catarrh cured .
'obey? Say how.our taxes, ,are to: be ill, the nutriment, richness and flavorf ,'more fuel upon the fire" until-nature '"
Cries out in the shape of indigestion, by taking
spent,, say how many licensed: place: the food is ret ined. Everything ,
ooked in it is healthier''and more rhich must not be confounded withlyspepsia.
there:shall,be in town to ruin.and : '
our boys? Some of them say :easily digested than when,cooked by Although the two complaInts AVER'SSarsaparilla,..
educate,your sons so they will.understand any Other method. The best scientific are first cousins; yet the symptoms -
'the' effects of alcohol upon the authorities'agree that in order to are wholly unlike.

system. How: ,do they" help ,us educate reserve all the delicious'' juices, of Gladstone, the English statesman
them?' There is a law ,in the meats and to.render them in the high and "sage," is given credit for sayinge

State which says that scientific:: temperance st degree digestible they should be masticates each mouthful of foodsventynve i1 '

4 shall be taught.in every school cooked: at the low:temperature of 210rahr. times.. Our farmers could purifies
room. ;. Is that law .enforced? How This is accomplished, in our ardly spare,time to do this while the vitalizes .
iiien.know there is such' a,law?? cooker: as 'the meat is in tight kettles chores are "lying around loose. invigorate,
o _many nd from the direct tion lature meat-and immature, such as and enriches i '
Very few_inquire ,if it. is enforced. : protected : '
imb and veal should never be, eaten
You lay the burden,of.education upon of the steam.Vegetables. the blood.. ,; :',
aer shoulders, and how'do you help that always lose much -requires;: little, if any,
of'their,' flavor ,and ,become watery: from the fact that it contains albumen, "
us? By voting for ,the ,saloon, by > Has Cured Others
fluid which the cereals
lkcakgthe,evil and making it i ,alegit-: s oggy and i indigestible by 1 boiling? are a digestive
made dry light and healthy. Meats have not, consequently it digests itself. will .
iaaate ,by showing.your manhood cure you.
=g the eons you create.A. nd poultry, no matter how tough, areaade If there' is anything in my statement .. .
its i
.' :i-. '"5''').(.,.-;, .. tender I,' and> palatable.. f' ",Fish,.' Which. does caIrfthe truth upon -, -
: : '
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.f ; :i :'.;The Farmers Alliance/ ,


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VOL. V. "Agriculture is the Basis of Wealth." NO... 22.

TOM SAWYER, .- ,- .. '. Staff Contributor. yearn with a yearning yearn for early property. Unconstitutional, do you they are constitutional because pro-
.... cabbage in the near future, and the say? Then constitutions will have to motive of the "general welfare" of
Cabbage.;and the?Mafia.We transportation company is going to be changed until they allow; such lim the people, and We are sure the .adoption
cannot, as FarmerS' Alliance wonder what is the matter with the itation. Otherwise the work of ab of a measure or measures havingfor
men, Undertake' to remedy all the evils'' freight business, anyhow. This thingof sorption will go on, and the large their object the increase of the
that the body politic heir-to, but our killing the Alliance goose that fishes will eat up the small fishes, and currency to an amount equal, to the
duty as. citizens impels us to, assist raised the golden cabbage is going ,to the shad will swallow up'the minnows, needs of trade and commerc, and
,everymovement; that has for its object bring woe'on this land and cause us to and the porpoise swallow the shad, the enfranchisement of millions of
the good of ,our common country. get,into a war with Chili, or Italy, to and the whales swallow the porpoises, wealth producing citizens from the
Nor do we like to be known as chronic avoid internal convulsions. Now, if f, and a thousand greedy men will own yoke of bondage fastened on them
kickers. The man who kicks>>and protests the farmer quits trucking what is he the whole world. by the money power, by giving the
:against everything, from a tree going to do? What will tr e railway "But would a law of limitation of country an increased volume of money
':; across the public road ,to the hanging do for a dividend if the truck quits wealth be unrighteous? If I dig so and a. cheaper rate of interest, is
of,the Mafia assassins, makes an army growing? Oi course I can answer near my neighbor's foundation, to equally constitutional 'and would be
sized nuisance of himself and deservesa these questions, but,I have asked them build my house, that I underminehis more conducive to the "general wel
(few years1 isolation on some distant and I don't wish to be hoggish and the law grabs me. If I havea fare" .than all the legislation of Con-
lonely isle of lonesome sea, and so the occupy both sides as.some good look. tannery or chemical factory, the gress for the past quarter of a century
fellow..who! goes? along) through life ing fellows try to fill two seats in a malodors of which injure residents in combined.-Chickasaw Messenger. .
with his ey.es'In, his stomach, or his passenger car. I,, will give Brother the neighborhood, the law says 'stop .
pocket, should be stirred up with a Adams, or some other big-whiskered that.' If I drain off a river from its "The Tax Speculator."
red,hot poker. A man to ,be a good Allianceman, a chance to answer. bed and divert it to turn my mill
citizen should be both acquisitive,and I intended when I started this article wheel, leaving the bed of the river a An individual in Ohio acquired a
inquisitive, he should desire to possess to kick my little Alliance kick breeding place for malaria, the law tract of one hundred and fifty acres of
a.fair portion of this world's goods, against unrestricted foreign immigration says 'quit that outrage. And has land in the Narrows worth $1,500
and he, should'inquire to'find out why but somehow I got off on the not a good government a right to say four years ago. He came down to
the,possession is denied him. If he cabbage business, which I suppose is that a few men shall not gorge them- I look at the land and brought with hima
does not 'make'all necessary ''inquiry just as bad. In fact the two most selves, on the comfort and health and fine yacht, worth $1,500. On returning -
he will have,of time, finding out.all he overwhelming evils in America todayare life of generations? Your rights end north both his land and boat
needs to know. As much perhaps, is dangerous importation of foreigners when my rights begin."-Hon. E. T. were apparently forgotten. During the
learned by judicious inquiry as from who will never become Americanized Siackhouse. present year he received notice that
observation, and at the'same time we and cabbage rotting in the I his land had been sold for taxes, and
often''get the opinion of others' upon farmer's field in Florida while men What Congress Can Do. he was compelled to pay $100 for a
the subject inquired ',of., Our friend and women only a few hundred miles The government did lend moneyto quit claim deed to the holder of the
the nasal-toned Yankee is.represented away are suffering for cold slaw and the ,Philadelphia Centennial and tax title; in the meantime his land
asking'of an inquiring disposition and greens for their,bacon. the New Orleans, Exposition. The having trebled in value, he could well "',
it is an exceedingly cold day when he Let us as Alliancemen remedy those government has paid millions of .dollars afford to pay the sum demanded<<;l to
gets left, so we 'might with'proprietyask two evils while Brother Macune with to levee the Mississppi river under clear up his title. He now turned. his .,!
'a :few questions with a' view .to _his long red hot sub-treasury paper the pretext of improving navigation attention to his boat, which insteadof
finding, out something., : : stirs up ,the animals and drives the but in fact to reclaim the alluvial being worth 300 per cent more
'l.,will begin by asking 'why'it is,that monopolistic tiger into his den. Let lands of the valley owned ,now almost than 'when he abandoned it, as in
great-fields'of'cabbage tare l left' to rot our war-cry here in Florida be limited entirely by private corporations, syn- the case of ,his land, was in such
alongside our different transportation foreign immigration, and unlimited dicates and individuals. It is a well wretched condition that he acceptedan
lines?' They We r nice cabbage and cabbage for the Northern market known "fact that there are not one- offer of small sum for the 'wreck '
worthy of abetter fate. It is too;sad with a downward tendency of freight third as many craft on the Mississippinow that was left. This same individual ': '
to see a plump, crisp cabbage remainin rates and a lamppostuspension: of as there were before the days of is now howling about "tax specula. j
the field until the sun blisters its all dishonest commission men. ,the levee, yet there is no one to standup tors"" and "land sharks," but has no '. {
face and, theworm gnaweth at its TOM SAWYER. and oppose the appropriations on fault whatever to find- with the wind
vitals., If it is beneath the notice of -.. '..-_ the ground of unconstitutionality.Congress and Weather which destroyed his boat. '
our: mighty carriers, so that,'the poor The Alliance Demands Unconstitu- but recently passed an act If he were consistent he woufd :'say ;
struggling commission man in, New I tional. subsidizing certain steamship! lines less about our defective taxi system
' Yorkor Philadelphia waits in' vain '(for ,.But our old party leaders and, old ,under the pretence 'of facilitating the and censure our Legislature "for not w
its coming, it,should not be left to rot. party press have, one argument that transmission ,of the mails. Duringthe passing a law providing for the keeping j'
If,it is intended to be,used as fertilizerfor they,say decides the, case against us. last session eminent statesmen of of abandoned boats in a sea' ,1
the land the project is a poor one.. Our, demands are 'Unconstitutional," both political parties advocated the worthy condition. He might do so ', ,
If it is intended as an experiment to therefore they decline, to argue their, loan ,of $ioooooooo, of the people's with just as much reason. His abandoned .
see what a bad smell it can create importance\ or necessity. Our honest money, to a private corporation engaged land put several thousand dollars
alongside the railroad, so that the Alii- 'efforts to obtain, necessary reforms in cutting a canal between the in his pocket notwithstanding the ;
anceman' going North for the summeris through the ballot box some of them Gulf of Mexico and the Pacific Ocean, tribute paid the tax title speculator, '
compelled to hold his nose, why not class with socialism, communism ,ornihilism and last but by no means least, the while his boat property dwindled to'' .. J
turn the,cabbage into krout, and: thenit ; therefore our, demands are government has actually farmed out nothing.-East Coast Advocate.
cai smelt as'' loud\ :as it' wants,to? only ,worthy 'of ridicule and denunciation the right. to control the circulating -*. ,'1'
Some people eat'krout and die, while In their judgment monopoly medium ,of the country to a little Industrial Union (Kokomo, Ind.,) .A
some swear they would die before they has so hedged itself, in by constitutional more than 3,000 national banks, who says: There is a wonderful: under- '
would eat krout I would rather be enactment that,it is'safe, entire receive three or four times as much current of thought in this country. ,
excused from debating either side ot' lybeyond, the reach of legislative re, interest on the bonds they deposit as People are thinking, silently thinking,
this question,;: Jut I do know that it form, and that therefore it must be they pay the government for the loan and it is no patent: lever business, :i
is, an overwhelming outrage that an undisturbed, to complete its workof of the national currency which they either. :Partisanship is rapidly disappearing
Alachua_ County Allianceman should destruction. put in circulation. All this is done and men are learning 'tha; .j 11
get only 56 cents for eight crates of The ,learned 'and consecrated Dr. under authority claimed to exist in party was made for them and not they ".
cabbage and_ that '$9.44 went to the Talmage said'in one of his sermons, Section 8, Article i of the Constitution for the party. Common sense is taking '
othet'fellow. /No'w'how is that 'man as published in "The Battle for Bread:" and few there be of our statesmen the place of blind zeal. whoops ...:
to pay! for his crates? What about:his uGr monopolies in any land Imply! : ;at this day to stand up and.denounce and hurrahs. Democrats and'Repubr .
''# fertilizers and all that hard work he great,privation. The time 'will come any pf these loans 'or. appropriations licans art locking hands to battle in :

did to cause those cabbages to'curl up when our government will .have to.. as, 1ncoqs! itutioqal. The one common: cause. A reform !mtys$ k ..
" into a head? Somebody- is going. to limitthe# ... amount-'''' of... accumulatiof friends of these, several schemes clam come. .. -"-:,,': I'

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., 2$, 1691]- .'.. THE FLORIDA DISPATCH, ,FABMEB. : AND FRUIT-GROWER. ,'433:.
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NATIONAL LBOTCftlB] BUREAU.. .' ter: a circular'letter, containing the I ifically set forth, to ,pay unavoidable RICH FLORIDA LANDS..
Official -' skeleton of three different and distinct expenses attendant upon the educational -
From the Minutes
of the lectures '(with full reference for all authorities work The report showing expenditures
of,the Sxeoa-
fade cited), statistics and all documentary shall be published once
J iooi Bo&rcl,, February Session. ,' evidences to make each lecture each quarter, carefully prepared and o-!
complete and conclusive! document itemized, showing-for what every cent I
i we publish die following by special and he, 'shall ,send this to each has been expended, and a copy of-
; request : and every one of such lecturers as this always be furnished to every
i t WHEREAS, By the statutory law of above provided, when he has evidence donor on request and published in the
i, the Order, the Executive Board. is that they.are actually lecturers in good papers at the discretion of the propaganda
r made to represent the:Supreme. Coun- standing, for ten cents f per tear, to fund committee. So far as .
cil during'recess, and, cover postage, etc. necessary the propaganda fund shall
WHEREAS, The Supreme Council S. ,He shall: l distribute all literatureand be used for defraying the expenses forth
t did, at its last regular session, pass an documents ,that is possible to assist distribution of literature calculated
I advisory recommending that the the lecturers_ in their work at absolute to aid and assist the educational work
'F Executive Board set aside onefourthof cost. of the order, and in conducting the
the gross receipts of the. Order, if 6. He shall use the columns of the lecture bureau and the general ,educa- ..
possible. to be devoted to educational official l papers, both State and national, tional work and that all notices published -
moil ill the lefcurev,field, aDd; as much as possible for giving infor. in regard_ this matter by_theofficial Farmers Ston A and Think.- j
: WrfEREAs, For the p rpds 'of ee- tuatidn ttd instructions to the-various organs must be published free, WHY Spend the best years of your
ciiting and; carrying out the {irovistoris: le ufers, of the country, in order to and all printing done by the national life cultivating the soils of ,the frozen a
/ of said law, and at the same,time conforming save, the expense: of the correspon- organ or any other paper for the pro- North and West raising crops on which
to the fixed policy of this dense, paganda fund committee must be doneat the freight is often not realized, when .. .
board, that the expenditures of, our 7. He shall be entitled to dfi allow actual cost. Be it further you can buy land from the undersigned
Order shall not exceed its income ance to cover actual expenses incurredfor Resolved, That all donations madeto rich and fertile as any known lands,
; which was so unanimously and'highly) stationery,postage, and such cleri the propaganda fund, shall be and where you can raise a crop that the
: commended by the! Supreme Council cal work as may be necessary to carryout directed to J. H. Turner, secretary, United States Government will pay a
! at its last session, and it being 'probable the provisions of this act. in care of the Second National! Bankof BOUNTY of$(00 on each acre.
; 'that much less than one-fourth of 8. He is further authorized and em- Washington, D. G, and at the HOLD On, this isn't all. You can sell
; 1 gross receipts will be all that 'is avail powered to employ such competent same time notify J. F. Tillman, secre- the said crop right there in your home
able for lecturing purposes-possibly assistance as may be necessary for tary of the National Executive Board, market for $250 per acre. You ask for
.., not over one-tenth; now,therefore, it is efficiently discharging his duties as that the same has been so sent. the "How" and the "Wherefore." 1

hereby '.. hereinbefore specifically set forth, pro C. W. MACUNE, Quite right-facts and figures count best..
vided however that such assistance J. F. TILLMAN, Secretary. 1
:. Resolved, That the expenditures for : the Land with Cane. '
Plant Sugar .
., said Lecture Bureau shall in,no case shall be compensated only out of'such ALONZO WARDELL, ;
,G be in excess of the available funds for funds as may be voluntarily 'contrib- National Executive Board N. F. A. TO OLD Farmers and careful perus
that purpose. And it is hereby uted to the National Lecture Bureau and L U.Approved ers of papers, the fact that there is now
i further by any and all persons desiring the and accepted. established near Kissimmee, Fla., the j
.j Resolved, .That,the Secretary of ,the promotion ;and success of said bureauin L. L. POLK, President.J. St. Cloud Sugar Refinery, is stale
Executive Board is hereby appointed all the lecturing departments.And H. TURNER, Secretary. news. We are talking to all our .J
, and constituted general manager and it is hereby' further > friends. Sugarcane can be raised as f
i* director of the said Lecture Bureau, Resolved as follows, 'to-wit: That the High Tide in Money. cheaply as corn, and Uncle Sam will .
:' and that his duties,shall be as follows : president and secretary of the National In his, report,' Secretary Windom pay you a bounty of two cents per pound '.-'
! I. To keep standing in the/national Farmers' Alliance and Industrial says: on the manufactured sugar. The St. ;
' official organ, and all State organs Union are ,hereby appointed to act in "The demand for money in this Cloud plantation Osceola Co., Fla.," ;
willing to publish same, a notice of conjunction with the National Executive country is so irregular that an amount averaged 4,500 pounds of sugar to the' y
the fact that, the ,national lecture ''bu- Board as a propaganda committee, of circulation which will be ample acre last year, and it will go 5,000'
. teats is willing to make contracts to, and this propaganda committee, of during ten months of the year will frequently pounds this year.METHODS .
fdrnish,lectures for State, or Congressional : five shall issue an appeal to the order prove so deficient during the ? This isn't the only big ::
l district meetings, or such ,other and to the public, giving notice that other two months as to cause strin- chance of your life, however. The.
f t t large gatherings as may call,upon it theyare'rea.dy to accept donations to gency and commercial disaster. Such cultivation of rice'lands about Kissimmee '
)\ for lecturers, for tours or trips.through a: fund to,be Known as the'propaganda stringency may occur without any is to become an assured, profitable '

out'the.... various. .territories. .. States. ordistricts fund," and that all: money_donatedto speculative! .manipulations, _of money, fact. There is no richer or better ;
t ana giving a list 'of,the lee* said, fund shall be expended only though, unfortunately, it is often intensified truck and market-garden lands in the r
;. tuters who are willing that the contract by the, ,consent of a majority of this by such manipulations. .The world than the land on the rich over-
t' should be made In their,behalf, committee, and then only for the purpose crops of the country have reached proportions flow, or bottom lands about Kissim
I and he shall have suitable,blank forms of aiding and assisting in the I so immense that their movement mee. Write, for confirmation,to Col. .
, for closing contracts,with, ,those.-who most advantageous and effectual manner to market in August and Sep. A. K. McClure, editor Philadelphia
' desire lecturers, arranging for the.de the educational work of the Farm- tember annually causes a dangerous Times, who has personal knowledge. .:
tail of the lecture trip, and made'out ers', Alliance "and Industrial Union, absorption of money. The lack of a. Then in lands for{r orange groves, or }
I in duplicate, one copy of. which he either in..the lecture field or -in the sufficient supply to meet the increased groves already cultivated bearing; i
shall file in his,office,. and the other publication department, or in such demand during those months may entail I can satisfy you that your best interestslie
forward to the J lecturer'expected. to fill other way as the most effectual work heavy losses upon the agriculturalas I in seeing me before any one else. ,:-
the contract can be done;.that the secretary of the well as ,upon other business inter BEAUTIFUL HOMES. The health. .
National Alliance shall act as secre- ests. financial '
!2. He shall correspond with lecturers Though stringency fulness and of Kissimmeehave
in all sections of the country'and tary of said'committee' and special may occur at any time and from many beauty No '
R secure such, arrangements. with,them custodian of'thiS fund; that he shall causes, yet nearly all the commercial never been questioned. .
as will guarantee'that they will fill the keep accurate accounts of every cent crises.in our history have occurred diphtheria, no consumption, no pneumonia
in fact read
contracts that, he makes in their be donated to it and by whom donated, during the months named, and unless our villas !
half;'in no case, however,bin ding;the and ,shall make a regular monthly report some provision be made to meet such lots report.suitable Beautiful for residences.cottages, Write or J
national lecture bureau to ,pay:,any of every cent disbursed and for contingencies in the future, like'disasters for and .
terms particulars.COME ;
,_ salary greater than it IB able to collect, what purpose it was paid, showingalso may be confidently expected.
'f; from the persons desiring'the.lecturer. his authority for the payment, From this it can be seen that the SOUTH, And get untold '>'
He shall.keep a standing noticein which alone shall be a written order farmer is ever a heavy loser in close quantities the grandest climate in i<
3.the national organ, aad all State or from the propaganda committee; that tunes. The price of farm products is the world. free with each acre of'ground ,
gaDs that will publish same without so far as;practical and possible the forced down because of an 'insufficiency purchased. Come where you can till 1

cost, ,requesting lecturers of subordinate names of all persons donating to this of money to move the crop and ,,the soil twelve, months in the year. ._
'county,Congressional District, I propaganda fund shall be kept in regular at' the,same time pay a fair price for At least J write. to me for full particulars. .J
State and National Lecturers and all order and entered in a book to be it Another great item should be re- WM. CANNON, ;
'amietant and deputy lecturers keep known as the roll of honor, and that, membered. During the months of JZi&simmcc, Fla.
:5 on file with him',their names and post. -' whenever objection is not'made, a list September and October farmers must Agent the for AMoeiated the land of Railway the Dim land Compntefor and the; 'l;
, office addresses. of donors with, the amount'' donated meet their obligations. Notes are in- lands of Ktartmmee Land Co. -
rice trucking, ,
I I 4. He shall prepare aad forward tot shall be published in the official organ. :varially drawn to fall due October i. fruit Phosphate, grazing I .sugar timber cane,' general _arraJag, "
t t etch o&e who keeps hk name and ad- None of. the propaganda fluids shall !This compels the farmer to sell and home,land. Send for map. shewis?..
l drew on fc wk& h.ogee each guar be used otherwise than as herein spec. "whether I he wishes to or'not By sell- teadf.-.. . ..! ,';';',' .
.. .' ,... ," .,
1 '''-f 4\ \ ..... ,' ",4'. .,','" ."''If!' :.... .... -;......"..Jv. ,- ..-'"""->....) ..; '.
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.,".:.;":, ., .J r ." ., H : *.>V .A i V. *.*,,. ;.i.oi..... t..... r-d..l..'It.J.J. j '"j l"Lk1-: '- '.:' '., ... J'IJ..' ''..'u Y ,i-.

;. __ .' .., ;:':. ,. _,.. ," <. :"' .. _... ...)0..-........,. ,-_--"__-"or r I r : L"' =- ="",, =="l JlAY.28:18ii.,..
{: : l'r : -{: -

.., <,". ,, ,. l I
--' ---- -' I ,
attention, or not,we
and the yidually require
M ,"The of Ii justloe." from ancient bondage, from,
season bf kI low prices the Story there
ing-* this forms ofmoriafchy,and,despotism should remember many .
farmer loses"'alMfee: profit ,of his farm, Editor A lllanc*Department:, ,higher has beer do. The _best, .allianceism that we

the' R >neykndervjeap;, j it., Small I ''was,much pleased with i strong the reform progress can conceive" ."of is where" the strong
the outlookis promising,,
woWdtr!that Tarmii grciees.. not pay point Mr. Driscoll made in.your issue, slow; yet from the protect the weak, and needy, the, wise

.. into of 3oth against the writer of"The what we, want Js ,to get'away ,
wtfat.the'p'rcHfit. is flowing ; the April and in the outward, rise lei help the weak and foolish ,and get

poeltcts: of the '!monopolists.; The Story oflnjustice, copied by present, be youi"'ai irrespective -1 away from selfishness grasping, this
the lendersthe'ver you from,the Agriculturalist., \ the, public good 'to" take
crejdyteragives; : money ) with the'old spirit that -is always striving )
Go not
'citizens of Florida of party. '
'to,absorb all the profit of Certainly the of others. There areplentyof
: advantage
it is
j y. An' insufficient' amount of, who;send to Congress four absolute parties,simply because stand pqpular Tor. thai to t mild.terms'to ,,use in pointing! out
home industries do so,'have courage
01,' to carryon the business'Cf.the opponents to protection to' > for beassured and thereare.many Idiom we
which believe to be right, wrongs
basis gives those 'by tariff upon foreign' prod you '', ..cold-shoulder.
cowrtry on,. ( .cash, that right is an eternal, principle should assist: instead
w :fcoW moivey,an immense purchas- ucts, have no right to complain; if the foundation on which' ing. A lack' of consideration (for those .
and ,
i g4" ;:power, ,wwh ,increases :as the' Florida products are discriminated build. around us<'will,.furnish much to be re
alliance wisely
in in a; Republican .tariff bill. you as an
'of;iiseey"decreases. For against future time..
; at
voile gretted same
The wheels of move, top
The beautiful inconsistency ,of ,the oppression
; and
one half' >of the oj best
stance; Hundreds of our men
allow .to saunter, along l
the busi Senators"and Representatives 'of Flor- rapidly ? the ,fie d. of
money required jp carry Q.n.t ) of the responsibility -: women have gone
e15 jfollliveHhat+ \ { amount double ihepurdliasiB ida; laboring with the' Ways and the way regardless alliance reform within the last three .
us.Ve should remember
Committee, to obtain an in resting/upon ,
it would' have if Means
; power ; and 'hundreds more are.going.
that work is far from completion years,
in ,and- our
ther tf werer'enough! : money ,to'carry onthe'fcwHneafi. crease the tariff on oranges : declaration of Already; ,our ,opposers are throwing
when have secured a measure, .of our p rposesshould
:The:smaller thevolume they in the vulgar terms at alliance :women who
hearts 'one
bind all as
the'greater its,'power For every: dol- their 'demands, and the: home press of truth and the, dare!to enlist their souls,in the ranks.
dissemination pure
Iarsw0rth? :of'property or'' ,wealth,, 'in have sung their praises for 'the good .all 'the affairsof for humanity; --who ,dare to set ;at
!the;couiitr Y.'the 'should.be a'. 'dollarinoculation work accomplished,. then by a' delib, principles life. The justice time has' 'cornel in the naught the worldstyrants.and! : be true

,and should increase'as erate and predetermined vote ,againstthe'bill"endeavors' the'noble ,instincts,of the human \
'wheni.i.is impos- to
of the .
to defeat :the. increased ,history _
,increased. Plow and.ffam- : of human suffering.
property. tariff seems to be sible to be,a drone. As we look out heart The extent
mer. on oranges labor shows how little has been done to

Jf'i r. .'.' entirely:unobserved by such 'writers as, over the 'broad field of their I : meet the'great.problem which ,is now
the Pacific seethe
from the ,Atlantic to we
Frem Dr.Maouue's Speech,at Waco the_ .author of!"TheStory Injustice. I alliance people, jn. spite of 'opposition before us. Party philanthropy, in- f..

learned l ,'a great,''deal fsince I But there is one point more that demands but surelYwe.riding their stead of being the; luxury o'f the,, few,
Jhave[ of lovers of truth slowly
the order and ,to learn ,,the attention and l shadowof should be,'the business: .the, ,many +
joined, write either from, out of the valley. ; \
fair a ? way .
{ and play.Vhen all that ,are'free or free
rooted 1 thought fwrjen I nrst joined selects statistics Ignorance, superstition, prejudice \Ye appeal
ignorantly willfully : in this. State all that, are ;
its dom loving "
I could give betterdescription, from the recordsiof: the old tariff law and bondage into the light of an en- and

objects, than: ,,1 can to-.dar.. Its constKtut liglitened'age.., in favor of Alliance 'principles ,
.ending June 3bth, 1890,) to
be calledto
fourHinies (year Alliance govemmentwill
has been changed succeed without
ion ;
,, ; of the The alliance cannot
J the injustice McKinley
show be-
;,. its ntualoftener.. ;.One, year; it'is uponon. haying just such men'in its; 'anks,'who battle with the enemy as ,never
did Jaw until -
which not a
::> act > :
hour has already
ire 'atiotheryear! ,: j it'has hared him- will,, heart and soul into' the ,cause, fore. Nay, the
; n October 1890,: he; places go be side
'' would ,
if not
bf''what it 'and we
the popuiac? ? ( conception was 'the with the innumerable and to find fault with these, is. very come;
organized for ,AVhiethis] Has tr ns-, .seirin; : same category who: uncharitable and unjust,it is infidelity, t tracked, we must grapple the foe, to.day
;has;steadily gown and demagogues upon the ''that ,.' BEN M URRAlL
pirettierorder 'way'
..of the 'masses)'for parti- they are) pioneering
eased: all 1 snowS"ttiar" erma>.- the ignorance Triplet,'Ga.April,1891.
inUA It, others.. have an easier: road to
he may
Why. did nptt life ,
san1purposes.? ; .
d, growth! thehorder' doestint for it because -=- "" "
fit ;
i:!Sy ? .. take ,the provisions ,travel, and are most ..
1'U/ honest man, '
constitution' an : The i Toiler Foots:'the ;BllL ; t,
4gpend pti its \ uponits'Jrtual ? the. cause and 'occupation.And
1 t love
and them wjtli they
; the ew'J Jaw '
.compare ; ,. .' wealth of
,or _secret'work1); ) nor. 'tipbri' 1LS show the inconsistency. ofthe l, the women, God, bless. them, From 1880 to 1890 the
oncers'ftho) been .Treduently'.yC the old/.and ) '' full of philanthropy heyarehc this country increased. 50 'per;cen .It _
; 'haye ; of Florida: who demand, a' 1 1nigh' they,are : ;
< >tr. >*n :: people ; : ; '
nor'does ie p'irld''Up ri the theiroranges I IetCJi grand..levet'to ,lift the men'p, tc increased from '$44,000,000,000. to
tariff to ;,
popular conception its'pufp'ose: :; 'ft' ;! but.elect Senators and Reprer, I t the proper appreciation', and'',,the best $66000,000,000.; This increase.was;

is*Ihii.her-evolution-onmaterial l prog-' ,pledged to vote fulfillment: of this,great work., 'What the result of labor. It was prodaced c .
r.'and;itw;mar h irresistible.. :: to Congress I can, men ..accomplish without. ; 'the e by ,the toilers,of'the country. But.what

.W' live'r.cl 1ed.t be1ti ne in:.the; no1:tariff for:protection? think_ women? They could not even' 'exist .became: of:this .increase? A thoughtful .
in the .
M 'of"manki. d when'' >eration. sWc believers protection tc' writer;in the San. Francisco :Argonaut
1 tery co-oj 'McKinley act will,add totheprosper-: ,without: women,,, they are. 'equal ;
is"S'Mceft8itrl! },>*'>Such*,a'conception.of, desire each.other'as the.halves of one I great proceeds"''to',answer:the question.
,,of.th&'whole country we .. to ,
: :ity ; ; ;
tlit i fdert-,k'too-high'.tobctieddownf ; ; 'it tried ,and wherever' ,it ,,unity of I life, but ,destroy"one:and youdestroythe : Careful estimates show that on Januaryi

toatl k? any'bu5in!' ss.'effort.for see fairly 'shows : other, enfranchise one, oh! :1890;' of: the $66,000,000,000; of

aa pa ical l effort.:. "Whethersuccessful'W -. fails,to)do this; or needed experience > lovers :of humanity, of 'temperance wealth: in*'the Unitedi! States> j,J ,ooo
amendments are ,. we_ -
'a1 l-f failiir tri .rase'1hc' order modification., We why .disfranchise, the other?' leading capitalists:possessed$36,250-
its ,
.rte'l4rerM Devoted solelyto; anyone. promptly,think urge it discriminates> against. Among:ithe most;lovable: and'hopeful 000,000, ,leaving $29,750,000,000.for:

,sigk:!-e!>brtisimcesswould. destroy.it donot.; the \features,of,,the alliance,is' heprin"cip the remaining,ooo,oO :hi.1 abitants.,
bN rte'it'wouki.remove:the, 'cause for any section. of country R. ,HILLYER., or any oCfraterriity, which,, it cultivates_ : 'It-will:be seen from these,figures that

i Us __ence. .'-Itcan': never ;:fail, of State WM It.is truly a brotherhood ''and sister- although our- farmers,. artisans and
Washington,D. C., May,6th,1891: ,
bd"ai d will* ncver1ckawobiect; foreIOttG&o ,,, hoodandwellthe:( ; enemy ,kriowJi): other toilers produced the increase

long :asthere: 'is a wrong ;to Woman and the Alliance., \Vehavenoiympathyfor ;those whc :$22ooo,000,000; ; ,. a [few capitalists absorbed -

,1" t','* : and 1 undertake ,tc most of it. If thif.thiBg.is.to
bCtricktedi' '. w .Born the 1 ,wings of endless pro-. foolishly ,wickedly
.. Wt&tbese ';conceptions} of it .I.arn 4, gr-essiqn..alJI, seek happiness, which is sidetrack, the Alliance, nor: would 'J: goon' in about 'twenty-five years;

net afraof alitics1iwJf itbe; "necessacyato -, :the ultimzte.objectof j ; ,human pursuit j jyet countenance resort\:;t ruffiaa:violence, few: thousand. plutocrats will: practically

{.,k\\L.t ttese"rule} prf.ruin politics! ; ;' it is .questionable whether many to bring; ,them to,. legitimate i
ad politicians us dq J> it| aVajneasfewe ; would the ;, tollers,9C"the'countrY, produce'all that .
: l there be,who,realty know, what it:isl; peitherj: ithink6f unpardonable
',w>U l.dq. ;it t. as at;method, but hollowhearted and soulless! ;sin. in their effort, ", )Vc'all we'eat, drink and-wear in a ,ycara&din
Qh how
,object J4Vewillmseabove they"s'wallpwjbd} ,addition add four 'percent ,annually -
*! er/as an be the that enslave; women. know the solemnoath
powers '
local issues and'prejidices.; ;Such 'a, We- are .taught that a wise: purposeruns to get in, and.iKe: day of judgment and 'to our wealth. But the capitalists
gr at,power as ,w$represent? standingupon through all the ,manifestations of; doom for such will soon come Not own the'factories, machinery-and ,

any other, platform 'w t ld''bedangerous 1 life: ,and we must. believe' ,. that men only the Alliance, but the #fiat} of f 'eter, appliances a l used :by laboring R. t

iJ as;itwould,go,to: extremesthet ,and;j', have been 'placed upon nal justice ,has fixed;;:'their'{ fate. As: Capital should obtain a fair 'share pfihe tfIi

us press f oiward'in:sbjir great,:cdiicatkmal this, women. betterend., From we; understand the Alliance is'to:b<' '' increase of wealth. As ,it is, it

work _and ;use; any and alllethods :the earliest planet.for some"of,,human ,existence.on truly foe,the' universal'' ,'good.of;' all' ; takes I the entire Increase, and. exactsso I

'> necessary ttq,the, end.i -. '. this planet t",humanity_ has grown 'withthe and,we;>:must not restrict.,ourselves tc ''much :that the laborers have to
: meeithe their;little property.and live
t' Mortgage
,, development; 1 of the planet t and the advocacy; of that which 1 will' statement
; xx : : This,is a true -
-A .".(: ."" .>,. ,C ,.7G fn in its growth has gained ,.expert.ence'andmuchd requirements,of just j the..bettertodo on proceeds.

itswisdom. Much class,of its.people; we muttjnevej" : ..Dmag'the'past..ten-yeats, the

, CHAM'S of the errors of the, past' have been. clesira.that; 'rily'ne class; should b< capitalists lived in' luxury ,at :the,expense

:i .. -:.&. '''.''''''''':'''''''''''WCJ'c; displaced by the ,lessons" :of: :dearly, represented; .we must never:,seek tc of, the farmers toilers. and Daring otfe r..the workers sameperiod ,

WEALSTWAWL1l bought truth,.and to-day tlje.hope. for I :narrow; down our declarationof: ,purposes rover ; .
lILA this isthe i Farmers Alliance and Industrial '. to one particular form', ,of 'pre-: lived,very':plainly, althoOgh''they; ia-

1\\ I_. a, ::& 'Z Anion.While : li I sentatfon, but having in 'view'*thl <: creased; "th -weald :.of.the.co.4ry 50

-..oc-- aDuo. from primitive barbarism and l general good to _all, whether ,we indi,. per cent. Now, .simple justice de-

.-... i

o <1iiII

-..... "' _- _' ', H__ -....._4-' II ii Ii ,, ,.,. ,_. ".... __ -. ....,...11i1-:: ,...,' o';

.' ,

\r '
4 hlla'tids'that"'the' increase stiould be --, hMu.The Reform- Press, "" made a full' legal tender, command the,

ae qt ay divided ',between, the two, Alliance Eagle; (Ellisville, Miss.) same money value as gold for the

classes., There is ,something, .wrong says:' A 'writer:jn the, McComb City reason they wi 1 buy as much prop-

.somewhere., In 'fact, ,nearly! ; everything ; Enterprise hits,the nail square upon erty, pay as much taxes as gold money
} the head when he penned the following Legal tender or coin
; '16 wrong.* McKinleYlSm,' morvofofes money, paper ,

; 'plutocratic,legislation, gold. :, "No man who took? upon .himself gold or silver, 'redeems itself, for the -

bug\extraction of, ,the .currency and the, obligation in the, Alliance reason that: a full legal tender silver i r

'pw extravagant government are'build: ritual can afford to set up an outside paper dollar will buy a gold legal tender ....

i&g'up'' the',classes,and, ,pulling down opposition t to,that platform. .:Alliance dollar, for the reason that it :"s

,the asses. The Argonaut; writer: differences should be settled inside- the possessed of the same legal measureof -'

says:, ,Order mongs Alliance ,men.." value. .
"Had the interest on money been The Perkins' (Oklahoma) .Plain The.Chickasaw Messenger'(Okolona, J. "' .'J I

at,the'rate of 4, per ,cent:, and had dealer:.say y. ,:The,condition of public 'Miss.,) says: The editor of the Messenger -I Florida Central'MiPeniDsnlar i' ;

capitalists:been content with profits ofvj opinidn :this country is notthe most as State Lecturer of the Farm- .
,per:cent-capital,would have swallowed\ encouraging when we consider the ers' Alliance, visited Southwest Mississippi "RAILROAD;' ,r4T ,

.u tthe entire surplus\ of J$2; 2,006,000-; difficulty realized, in making popularany last week and met many,old TiEE; FLORIDA, ''TRUNK. LINE 'j

-oooaed; would have J leftthefarmers: reform. It.often.occurs .that ;the friends and formed many new ac "
(Formerly,P.&. &.N._Uo.)offers I increased
and e&er, workers in, precisely the reform has the passive assent of the quaintances. He delivered public facilities this season for travel to Florida, ,
' bRvln In. addition'' tn Its old and.I
: same hnancialconditioninwhich i they people,I yet by reason of the lethargy l lectures pat Hermanville Fayctte, the LOUISVILLE 4,' -NASHVILLE i
Meadville Liberty, in the presenceof IWR at the Klver1 Junction/and the
were at thebeginningfof.x88o; : Capu-i of those whose interests are atstake: it j
'tai; however- Was *not; content, with is practically i impossible to create ,a* large and'appreciative audiences,, Huwannee.River route to Florida*,'arranged .
the' and was much gratified by the cordial: rIranew: route from the .West''and'/fyrtu-
of and resultwas
,profit The
ti 4 percent., movement ,of any 'momentum. west via Montgomery,Ba.lnbr1dre'adt1.Y nLI-
i that the i surplus, .wealth ,created contaminating flood of ill bred men' reception, extended him by all classesof cello,'carrying through.sleepers. from X IN* 1

during: the;: decade ,was.. not, sufficient and.women into our country.,. ,is one the people ,and is, greatly.encour- .IJINNATJ The road TO has TAMPA.now no less>than 7 '

to meet" their unjust, demands and reason, for this sluggishness. Not,but aged by the: evidences he saw of the Seven Points, of Connection. With i.
: the werkers of the had to who harmony; eal and determination pervading ;
I ; country that there are good ones come to the 'N'ort\ '
.mortgage their to them shoresVe welcome Alliance ranks. The divisions'among ,
property :pay % our are,glad to namely Fernandlna Callahan Jacksonville,
\ -the.excess. The-legal r te'Qf interest them.. We do regret to be compelled Alliance men, of which we Live Oak. Lake City Montlceilo( end River .
, i'i{' diflerentStates' and.. ,territories hear so often in the partisan press, Junction, making comfortable connection 3
J ; ,; to acknowledge, ,that ,a large with .Chicago Kansas City and northern ;;
are not patent to even a careful observer cities, for which this road Is in
I ranges fronr 5 to 1 12: 'per ,cent.. ;,the majority of our. immigrants are averse specially
angurated. .
. average rate for the whole ",Union: to.our civilization. They are wholly in that 'portion of the State. A 1
; The Central
'{ \\ centLouisiana is The Indiana Farmer of Indianapolis ;Florida .
l' being-about .7r per unconscious of our greatest(needs, and 1 1II
11 the oqly State in which the legal rate cannotbe* expected to respond, to, the says the Farmers': Alliance nl and Peninsular Railroad
i is lower than :6 cent. The Hamilton NoMesville the greatest artery of travel't& ugt'' the _.
: met at
: per, call of,the leaders of the various reform county finest parts' of Florida, traversing iw(-nly-
.allowed by .contract: t is,, i in a number of movements.: rh -._onditio" of public lately, and after due consultation organized four counties-Gadsdeu, Jetfer on,- "'Dnval,

States," ,unlimited... During; the )'ear'' thought',is, in many respectsalarming.Th ,, an elevator company and .arranged Alacnua Levy, Orange Lake,, Leon HlUsb'irougb.* UW"nDef'/"N'Wafculla II.au., '
} the the to build it This sort Columbia, Clay; Marlou,. i'ulk, Mattutee,
1890, dividends,paid by, national the daily press is lan,, at once. .Madison Baker Bradford, ''Humter, Jier-
banks, of ,the United ;'States evidence, that every man and woman, of thing will be contagious, and i if nanlto and Desolo--In their rlchrsi!! portion.

a amounted to 8.19 per cent.: of' the ,who.hasaninterest tin America,.should elevator men, millers and others in- It runs ,through*COUNTRY the: MIDDLE where. are FixmiDARsGioiioruiLi : .the fine old>

capital invested Jf the ,average:;fate make their lives ,count in the public terested desire to prevent it they .Lands and the; Nexl.To
of'.profits on ,capital l'thro ghout. the interest should:make haste to make terms with Farming -

;co$ry be,'less than per'cent,. ., the Colorado (Pueblo) Workman says: the Alliance people. All they ask bacco Farms' H
Stat I l for is fair and it is because reached by .no other hue),HOme or them 1
legislators are guilty of intplera- 'It.is said by the. New York World dealing.. conducted on. large cale Heo are Qaluc "-
ble'tyranny. in,compellingunfortunate: that' there in that they think they have.been unfairly TulabAsaee (the capital), Moullcello Madl- ,
are :.150,000 people
son and other towns from whose comfortable,
..debtors t to pay that ;Amount! ,. The city"who'goto.sleep in their\wretched.: dealt with heretofore that they are ample dwelling., In a 'fertile
.average legal rate of'.interesUor' the combining to accomplish this and country la coming a' renewed energy employ -
quarters at night without knowing tne resources .lavished ,about.. them..
.whole.country i is, 7 .percent.'and; the where, their next day's food is to come' similar enterprises. .stretching down tbrougb *-

State legislatures .have no ,right; to from There!' are also hundreds of /Equal rights for all, and sped Lr The Peach 'Country :

forcedebtorstopaymore for ,the-use" wealthy men in. that same city who privileges for none" is the motto of or Baker,:Bradford, Alachua and* Levy conn-
lieu,through the:i roaperourStrawberry .
j of money than 'it'w'ill produce .when, are'.unable, under oath, to, say how this Alliance movement. This motto Farmsof

t used. The fact'that;the'average legal many millions they possess !t ,The means that the farmer-the owner of LawteyStarke and Waldo,perhaPiauperlor

.raWis 7 per' cent, shows that:, in the end is not, far:away when ,such,, things the land-means to see to it that he'and' In profit to the orange grove-it goes through
: the heart of the State, penetrattng'..l.ma of
estimation of our State legislators *the can't'be.Free his calling are not discriminated the finest groves,.one having, ', .:'r:
.average,profits on' capital:amount to Iowa against in the administration of gov- 7O.OOO all-bearing. Orange'
"; :Speech (Hamburg, ) says:
7 ernment. But it must mean ,,more Trees .
; This With the farmers of the country united !f u
makes the whole business than this. .It' must mean that the passing for nearly a.,mile between tbem-
,to'purify the government, from Presi making its way southward to tbe Gulf,and to '
for even' the
plain wayfaringrJiarTto land
who and have it cultivated
farmers own
dent down to county, we may relyupon' the more tropical portions' of, the J4U te. In
understand. 'If the. 'annual all portions of the a late It reochef points of
it done. will make by tenants, are bound .to,give 1
being They "'.
'i increase or the wealth r'th-e'* country their tenants as fair a chance to win Scenic' Interest.Waknlla :
mistakes but that is be
some to ,expected In l the West;the Buwannee
produced labor is Springs
,by only cent
4 'per : ,everybody that:does anything something: enduring: and substantial, River as beautiful,and "rornintlo as, it is "
II ;and capital continues) to)make:an average ; as that which they.themselves demand.We far/ious, ttllver Hprimcs: 1 the lake;reffiOB
makes mistakes, but they are the ones and the lakes' tbem elvea."'with 'oleic: surnfundlngii "I
of 'cent
profit 7 per throughout there. want it understood that the Alliance of, rolling land intertperited with
i tHc;United States,' then'the jig is up,. that get They are already movement' was not inaugurated pleasant homes in green grove,.stoplngdownt
making the cold, chills run' up the. the clear lake fronts 1i f'rneauar'' uf this
'aad another, generation\the masses for the benefit of the land road molt
backs of the boodlers and the workis simply you can readily:reach the
'1 wilr be no'better off than;'the"old serfs owner. It was organized for the.benefitof -, :Hant1i 'gandFlsliing'Grpuiids.The .
' :lih''Russia and .the ''in Mexico.. only begun. will' 'the tidgreateropprtnnltyforavarledaett
peons1 all men, including tenants upon settler find on line of hill road

tt ,Biit the "question isVhat are thepeople The Pacific Union Alliance (San farms. This fact must,, not be, lost than ou-aay other road in, the.; N.at lo" o eland .

1 J going to do about it- Atlanta Francisco, Cal.,) says: Some ''peopledo sight: of.-Progressive Farmer.,. from lightest soils to. thofee'underla' (..ta
) ( clay' and marl," and'orr1chexi'Uarinu" l not seem to be able to comprehendthat
(" ..t.eh rit lyacti0lr.. whether,for regular mixed farm teg,aloe 01
f i the law gives to' money its measure .. dairy farm'ng,, peach or strawberry culture 4
Last month California '18-; value that full .! orange gr,eves.nd vegetable gaiUens.
reported of tender
power; legal The tourist will be gratified' with Its
F 362 Alliances, with a' membership of -silver or'paper dollars will pay as' scenery. ;The, 'heft 1th teener on. Its ample
22,000, in the State and .the, good. debts taxes or' duties' buy IUn f 0-11 Ihi route can find some spot,.adapted to his
many; as. ,r .: t wants. On the bard day road of Middle
work'goes rapidly on. California,became many gold dollars. full legal tender : BISk m and Florida natlRfttctton tbe honn, and>an the will. ,ride Florida>w1th Central,'ipeed
a State AIianceust.ih:lhe -nick i gold dollars; or that the intrinsic value and l'euln.ular Is the /

of.time to: participate,in the recent big is/not the,measure of 'value or 'a-legal ','F R.'rT.ORPI'D" ; :LIVER.:. 'Sportsman Route.. 4'

1 convention, which has caused the name .tender measure of :value. Full' l legal >loipfit liverdRr li i"th'aw 1 I.q.. .. I NOTE.--Pu*engen from Northern/ OODBecI '
.4 of Ocala be'heard'; for .the. !rst.tiiiie. ; tender coined silver 'money'reduces, .was, aod produces I' tlona Peninsular having tickets\ potnt over*the In:Florida wontli Florida Centraland .

;' i in.;thousands' of places 'all':over theglobe. correspondingly demand'for gold bank Jt---H'eadaohe, ,sonville have the over privilege tb. Company 0(' being*a.llnaand.k.lntoJ&ek-aUowfd'

,; .-Fret Press._ money, of which money changers; :and Dyiip psfa.Costiveli; : ss).Rbe.. 'at.op-over"within the 'going'1t alU<.Df. th. '
'. .'y ticket, with return to their route ford -
money monopolists complain, f..tislISallow: Skin and'PiFeL' Jon' free>of extra charge.. /*?nd for ''map of '
If you' ,feel weak course. The statement that, coinageof KJorlda mallf,fr,e. ? -ft|
'silver"woiild' drive out 'of ::ft..tsr; 1o'"tter"remecl7: for 81.iem .' A. Q._MicDONELU(l. P, A;
and all worn out-take money moedlseases than Tutt Lt..rsus Jacksonville, Fla.
I the' is absurd United States '. triil trill Prle,29..
. country as >PdL prove. N. 8, PENNI OTON.Trame Manager..;'.,
r .
{BROWN S' : '' ','> -,
silver certificates of deposit : 1. :Sold Ever wher Ax
IRONBITTIRSm., money D. E. Id W :OenerarMaia fer.
yu"tAb. tj..A. ; ..' 1 oo .d to (L t- .: h ,"': :;:; trlrrl' ?';.' ;
\ 7"
:, l. .YJ'7i 'f f ; > > :: _. .. '
,, .
: ,, ; : r r. '' ,1. .1 T ; '.'\.. .'..": '''t ,. "- !; AiI.I.jJ.; '. >..

.. '.',:;.. 't-'
,: ? .
: ; -
; ..;' .. >'


....-.1--, ....,......:..". ,;-L'i.. *".... ,, J', :... .,.." "!M. ..-'""oq.., ,;n" ... ...- -;;:;.-._-_.'''''" ..."... _"...0''M..... ,'tan: .: J


.. .
j. III wi '" '
.' -ft MAY 28,1891
"r. ;4J6"-. ...:-.1

intercourse stands it a graft and many of them I
well- that strange people allowed of any gets
Transportation.? seems to me these are thoughts I also
make trees.
'\ with other nations, except' very good
[Piper, read before. the BUte Horticultural worthy of our attention.It the Portugese who were allowed to II the wild seed and when the roots are
'annual meeting,Inter- takes time to bring about these
Society at IM't-ourth with one old take them up and root
of a year
the harbor Nagasaki
lachen. Fla.,May 12 to 14,1991,by George H reformations,'and the dear peoplc enter
great this is much preferable to graft
mentions graft
twice He ;
committee on Transports ship a year.
Wright,chairman must be educated up to think and. where the seed comes for
Mazili up
tion.] forthemselves and not allow a lot- other fruit trees, Persimmon
act much
Mr. Predderd'and. 'Members State. Hortieultural act and think fot growing wild in certain sections. If nursery purposes; the one
oT politicians to well it much better roots and transplants that
recollection me
Society: them. And until these things can be my serves
: California first and has been much better. It is often said a persimmon
succeed in these allow to make one more came to
No community can done, me there sinceas needs no fertilizing. I believe
days of progress and enlightened civilization suggestion. Let us fruit and vegetable widely though if we want it to bear
the from Japan.I
without the best 'means oj: growers do a little transportationfor persimmon fruit we best give it something to
of comingto ,
j.t., t. I have never any
*advanced modes' of transportation. ourselves.Let "
from China. I would make it of. This "milking a stone,
This is equally true as to transportation. us as a company raise$r oo,ooo, our country too of us are raising orange and
it is to closely many
or ,combination build three iron steamships of 1,000 suppose though
No company that it
other trees on ,
allied the Kaki of that country, grove
of capital can meet with success with tons carrying capacity each, fit them to withstand cold won't work. In sending the fruit to
hardiness to
out the aid and co-operation 'of the for carrying our products to market by lacking its market care must be used that the

.1 of the soil. We often hear well ventilating and heating pipes, somewhat. andit
producers with it was in fruit is, picked at the proper'time,
of the oppression practiced by the place them on the line between Jacksonville My acquaintance Dr. Loomis of San I makes no 'difference how pretty the
Arkansas. ,
common carrier, excessive rates ol: I and New York and carry fruit look it is not fit to and
friend of mine few may
': freight and delays which make the oranges; and lemons at twentyfivecents Francisco, sent a a should not be sold until it is soft as
with which I top-worked a
shipping of freights and vegetables sc per box and vegetables at same the saying "rotten ripe" and can be
native it turned out a
hazardous and so, uncertain. Railroads rate, and have our,ships pay us a profitof bearing one; without eaten with a spoon. With a variety
It name,
: and steamships complain that twenty per cent. on the investment. very one. from and was that is suited to our section, it is the
make on the This is and can be done. only persimmon Japan,
they cannot any money practicable section finely most sure to bear fruit of any known
invested and the producer and be at a cost of hardy for that hearing
capital Such ships can run luscious fruit tree. The bloom comes late this sea-
that he has,no about day and will carry and'a very handsome,
grower monerleft'to $200 per other varieties came son; where the trees' are old enough
In after
support his family' and pay his taxes. 10,000 boxes of oranges and leave there and years far as I found them none they are full ,of this, when ripe, the
that arises is are these for tons of miscellaneous as
The question storage 400 withstand the cold of most beautiful fruit I ever saw on
evils to be corrected, and if so, how freight. Are there 99 men who will were hardy to There trees. i.

are they to be brought'about? It has unite with me in putting $1,000 each even South Arkansas. are i < ,

often been'said,that the transportation and try the experiment? This would many varieties that have been broughtus Chinese Yam. .

and of freight here; they do not bear fruit; there Editor Farmer and Fmlt-Orower.: 1
", problems are so intricate complexthat solve the problem cheap questionabout .
seems a want of naturalization. In reply to Mr. Caudney's
of ordinary caliber ,have no rates.
men i 1 only account for it in that they are the Chinese Yam and ShanghaiYam
and I
.. right to attempt a assure
that I would not undertakethe The Japan Persimmon.Paper from the colder portions of Japan, will say that the Chinese Yam

you do ( read before the State Horticultural while those that are'so at. home here is not a sweet potato, and is cultivated
task had I not been to
Society at Its fourth annual meeting, Inter are natives of the warmer sections of mostly in an ornamental line, and is

soy by your worthy president Assuringthat lachen,Fla.,May 12 to H,1891-,by James Molt, that geographically curiously made up called in the Florist's Catalogues

there are'wrongs to be righted, of Orlando. "Cinnamon vine." The Shanghai or

there comes the all-important question, Mr. President Ladies and Gentlemen. country.
Since finding this want of naturalization i- California Yam is a large white sweet

How may this accomplished? You have asked me, as one of your as I have mentioned, while potato and is also known as Southern

I would first suggest State railroad committee from South Florida, to others are so well at home here, in Queen, St. Domingo and Daley Yam.It .

commission with absolute power to make) a report'on the so-called Kaki propagating trees I have confined my [ is said that the Chinese Yam will

make. maximum rates, and power to persimmon from Japan, in my section.To operations to those trees that I find make: a root (tuber) fit to eat in two

enforce the same, and if the courts do so,advisedly I will quote from in the lower portions of the State or three years, but of this I know

should overrule 'such acts of the commissioners Nicholson's Dictionary of Botany, : that are productive. Often I have nothing, although I have a vine growing -
let the people something of its history, as also, thoseof been unable to distinguish them by for ornament. -: *"J2

elect court judges that will go on is other sections, and it will be seen the names they have brought with JULIUS SCHNADELBACH.

the principle that 'the government that the name Kaki when applied to them and more often I have found Grand Bay,Ala. ggj
made for the people and not the people 1'
the,persimmon Diospyros Mazeli from the same variety with two ,or three Pleasant Work For Women.
;, for the government.. Create a generalgovernment is incorrect. Of the Diospyros' this
commission who shall have Japan different names. To get over DEAR SIR : I read in the Christian
order of plants the name is from trouble have for my own use given Advocate that Mrs. Wilcox had doneo
make and enforce
,..' .absolute'.power to : which there "diosdivineand puros,wheat," (liter. them local names. ,One of the best nicely 'working for the Cactus Co.,
'IJ t'e -State rates
shall be' no appeal. Third: The' nationalization ally, celestial food). of my acquaintance is from a sprout in Texas, and I wrote for particulars.

of railroads and use of DAI PLUM, of an imported tree,. the graft had I:: have been delighted and wish to advise -

the 'same at absolute,cost in. the inter- Order Ebenaceae, a genius of about died. It came from, near Sanford, in other ladies wanting employmento

est of the people and for. the people. ISO species of stone, greenhouse or Orange county. It has been named give it a trial. The novelty of it

You' smile: at this last 'proposition, j hardy trees ana shrubs, represenieain Triumph and is being widely dissem enables me to make moneyvery. fast and
: all and tropical inated. Other than that I will not I: to 'at it. The first week
t yet'why'is, it not..as practicable as in : nearly temperate expect keep
.t" other countries'not.so'far, advanced in :regions. Diospyros Kaki pr., white attempt to give a,single name of the I: made only $7.50, but the last month

: "; when ripe globuse,eight-celled, dozen varieties I would recommendfor 'made $49.50 and expect to do bet-
:... civilization.! In India the government yellow: ,
; season
*.-. and, operates the railroads and .size of a small orange, abounding in culture in our section. I last er. Full particulars can be had by

: owns reduced rates this enlightened yellow fleshy edible pulp;it is tolerable came in possession of a peculiarone ending a,2 cent stamp to Cactus Co.,
at greatly over
country of ours. There.the pleasant;heighth,twelve to twenty feet. that I prize very much. I have eaten East El Paso, Texas. I am sure those

laborer can ride on railroads at the China, 1789. Hardy in,South Eng- it when green and have cut it witha vho write.will thank me for calling

.. rate. of one-seventeenth of one cent gland and the Channel Islands. I II. knife the same as in eating an apple, heir attention to such a good chance.
". Lotos European'Lotos or and it is very fine I gave it a local IRENE HATTON.
mile and 'while the common la- Diospyros ,
... per, I. this .
reddish I will do : Suggestto
date name, Apple.
; borer gets only about, seven'cents per common pr.,

day,. yet he can ride ,more 'miles' for white, ,small, yellow when :ripe, I this society that we take the proper Master's Sale.

than the laborers in this sweet.with astringency, size of a cher-I steps to classify and property name Under and by virtue of a decree of foreclosure
", said amount : find of and sale duly made and entered on the96th
-+ country.at.the advanced.wages,of one rv; they'do not color in autumn, butdrop such varieties as we worthy day' of May,A. O., 1891 In and by the
i of them that Court of the Fourth Judicial Circuit,
there Circuit
first culture are
with the many
;;L.' .aad one-half dollars' per day. In ,off simultaneously: ; Dural County, Florida, In a certain cause

Australia all the mainlines of railroadare ,sharp frost, heighth twenty to thirty should find a place in every Florida herein pending,In chancery,wherein Oliver I .,
Is complainant and Manuel
owned and operated by the gov- feet. South Europe: Orient,.,1596. garden, but they are not getatableFor Jordan Markham and Samuel ,W. ,Fox,l.'*partners
is Mazeli (Mardi) pr., orange want of names. I have already under the firm name of Samuel w. Fox A
better'rvice Diospyros
erament, no I will Company,are defendants',I shaWsell to the
,'i i"ia'any J.t. country.., The laborer of Australia red,large, spiral, ripe in Novem gone over so much ground, say highest bidder for lash In front of the door f f '
: will leave it for Bouse,In said In that city
but little of culture; the Conrt County
..'e* can ride at one-fourth of one cent ber. Japan, 1874. fitted of Jacksonville;on the first :
;c 'mile and living outside of Dispyros Virginia (Virginian) Per. my colleagues that are better 891,being the sixth day o.said mon&hwlthIn
: per persons hours ef sale the following described
: cities,can buy for' the sum of-$i7. o Virginia date plum, golden yellow, than I am for ,that important partThe the property legal,to wttAll the following lot, pieceor

"aa annual ticket that will entitle the size,and form of the common plum. culture of the persimmon as ,a the parcel County of land Duval,situate,State, of Florida being,to-wlt In:
holder to double a road; of sixty'miles North America, 1629.Hardy. NicholsOn's ,market fruit is fast gaining favor The west half of the east half of Lot 6, In
the custom of grafting or budding to Block 199.as. shown on'a map of a portion of
every day in the year. If these,low Dictionary Botany. the town of which may be found recorded -
be maintained in the coun- Humberg, a naturalist' ,who spent our native is extensively practiced.I on- LaVUlal book Ai J."* pabllc records -
4' rates can ,: I find them ,Daral County. A.,O HABTRIDGB
j.' tries mentioned by the nation owningthe several years in the study of his profession -, am grafting every tree as it W. B.Owra, Special Master.

road; why may they'not here? It in Japan, many years before in my grounds. No matter where Complainant's Solicitor.

rl rlJ rla

Y ..





_._ .
----- --
-- .

Nothing improves the:appearance 'TG'ROwtR ,

of a farm so much as good fences; and t! RMR'Fl IJI< / MARBLE COMPANY

no lq.pd\ of fence is:so neat, strong A..b..whr na t .. ... FLA.,

and jfficient in turning all kinds of -- .. MAKCPACTUKBHS OF
-- -- --
stocks the Combination Picket and CHAS. W. DACOSTA. Publisher: Monuments, Head-stones,

Wire Fence. Write to S: H. Garrett IRRIGATING
r mt.' of Mubucription. Grave-borders, and all

Mansfield, 0., for his catalogue of For one year ,-, ... ,:''.. .'. 12 o5 Manner of Marble
Picket Fence Machine and wholesale .For six months ..0. .-_ 1.00 ", .

prices of pickets'wire, post-hoie dig- Subscriptions In all cases cash in ad- and Granite Work.

gers,jgire pliers, wire stretchers, etc. vance.Kate of ,Idrerllslngonapplicatloou: Catalogues application.and designs sent 011 MACHINERY

Freight paid. This machine is:now UKMITTANCR should be made by Checks ,
.. in successful operation in:ever)' ;State Postal ,Note Money Order,or Registered T;t- AGENTS WANTED.

and. Territory in ,the United States.It ter, to onler of We aiIV' deal In Wire a-rt' In-n BOTH:
Fencing Poultry Netting. Farm
makes one of the best and cheapest TT0RIUA \ and Lawn Fences Oats, Eta

i farm;tences., With it anything-can be ANp FRUIT GROWER.1a' ,.imvil1., M'la'. SE.

Ii used-fEtr. pickets'and every farmer is

his on fence bui14er."CENTAWORD". NEW( SUBSCRIBERS ONLY.J


:, 'To'insure! Insertion in this column,' advertise VALVE HOSE ETC.
menu must be accompanied by Ui..money.AdrerUsemenU ,
most not exceed fifty words. !
Postage-Stamps reoetred In payment .' 25 Laura St., Jacksonville, Fla. Write, for Estimates.E. .
Cocain-prerT word Including name and address. _

Bead for price of my copy righted book on 'TifaF'L.RI: DEAFNESS 'W. SMITH & CO.
"l f10e Clnc the Sex" My :method a me I ,
cess:: If any doubt this,and will come here I I> A ''
I will contract to pay their expense*and lino I ITS CAUSES, AND CURE MAP PUBLISHERSAND
for time If 1 fall to produce evidence enough Dispatch Farmer and Fruit-Grower ,
to. prove,It. W..G.TlLGHKAlf. ,- Pa1atJta. Fla.t Scientifically treated by an aurUt of worldwide -
For one year and a copy otWbitner's reputation. Deafness eradicated and

'S Do70uneedprinUnloranyklndf'SendtoDaColta entirely cured,of from 20 to3)years'stand ng,J'' MANUFACTURERS.Do .

Printing and Publishing House, Gardening in Florida, after all other treatments have failed. How all kinds of
f Map Work aiKr'keepon
I Jackwwvllle, Fla. J.. g the difficulty Is reached and tin. cause removed -
A new repeating seven-tool rifle pistol .AM, FUt( $:1.001 fully'explained In circulars, with affidavits hand a full supply of Maps, Atlases,
,. grip,octagon barrel,graded sight; avsplandld and testimonials of cures from prominent
gun,.warranted perfect;cost fw; also 200 cartridge WhitnerS Gardening in Florida is a Drawing Paper, Map Cases, Spring' .,
for It. I want Leconte Kelfer people,mailed free.
or pears,
orange trees and Niagara grape vlnea. Ad. b.handsomely ted and bound book o' nr.A.FONT AINE,19 East 14th St., N. Y Map Rollers,. etc., etc. .
,; dress MARLIN, Phillip's Btatlon Po toffice, 250 pages,b-ing a comprehensive treatiseon and
Maps plans engraved printed
Duval county, Kla. It. the vegetable and tropical' products.of

All kinds of books bound and made as good Florida, by Prof J. N Whitner, A,-, M. colored, and mounted.

as new. Bead to. Da Costa Printing and Pub This book is much sought ,after for its I CURE FITS'When Beginner WANTET to>-know Erery that Bookkeeper.the Key to.Batln and.M Exposition Han and .

)tlshiB&HoBM,Jacksonville,Fla.Sia8 practical information them of Uookkeeping teacbes at Light and aid book. '
merely to stop
I ear I do not mean
aay iceeien: and expert; po t-paia to.anI address on
OOICSHIU ORANQK TBCK8, tWOyeafSflEfafla $2.00 buys the book and. our far a time and then hare them return again. I mean a r.celpt of one dollar. .
; on four year Citrus Trifoliateteokntm paper for one year. radical rare. I made the disease of FITS EPILEPSY Nbs..17 and 19 S. SIXTH STREET }
dormant and ready to plant! or FALLING SICKNESS a lifelong study. 1 'J
being eat back from over tree feet,at$53 per This is certain'y a grand' -'. :offer .Sendin warrant my remedy to core the worst CUM. Because PHILADELPHIA. x
HO or?7:per dozen,delivered at any poato lee orders at once. <* others hare failed is no reason for not now reoeirlnz aore. .
'er exfaess office in the Halted,States.- Bend I C. W.tDACoSTA Send at once for a treaties and a Free Bottled "
|oUlPRote! to JAPAXXBE Taxis Co., San my infallible remedy. Give Express and Post Offloe.H. $60. $60.
*.FdbuG laWQ* Xv J (lIOnvtllfl. FIA., G. ROOT M C., 183 Pearl 8U, N, Y-
For sale 'cheap, a 'perfect beauty, a half -
blood Jersey bull calf, two months old. J. B. THE BEST. IRRESPECTIVE OP PRICE.
: WABK,Jacksonville. Fla ,.6212tW GEO. S. HACKER &. SON

ilisTo buy or exchange >one sped* .
mea each of rare Florida bird eggs. Address, -JIANUP'ACTU"ICRA OF- J
. tatt&f terms,Hisa UALLIX: WATKK8Green- 1'j
Tl h.|lLku atftpaskia w

,the great roup care 150 doses,. in .c ....
tablet ferm,26 cents. Free by malL E. W.Arnyinn .
,Ormoad.Fla.. 5-14-10t (U ;
Ir your old fatally Bibles.. Make themI NV ,
I .. new. DaCosta, Printing and Pab- j
s1t lag-HooM,Jacksonville,Fla. 00g

Was ted-A lire newspaper m&81.o. canvass t gU -fi''
tkee for two leading publications. .Ap 0
..ly.to.ic. W. DACOSTA,' ,DaCotta, Printing .

Ho !s ,JaoksonTllleHfV ,...,...........,. -
> 'Tardlff badi,$1 per baadredby mall DIRECT SALES. o aA
15 Ylfttoaand Special rates to large order ,0
Cba Pafi- Uanrille. Fla. 14-8t Ar=mos:l'amr'.u1) VKOKTABLB OROWCBS. i
j ? > .. ,,. t-
PdR.8AJK.-800 Villa Franca lemon*trees The No.S Cutaway,4-eet wide,at$tl 01 cash with '> j "1
order. Full stock In warehouse. Send for circulars. obN
9S eelrM sash, F.E..WeU.Bart.ow,1"Ja.- K.S. HUBBARD,State AgeD '
W| (TKO.-Price SJO two yearc;bads'and 800 Federal Point,Fl*.
tferee)4rer seedlings. H, F. Darte.-. Monroe And Building Material.
Grtfllog .& Bradley, of Pomona.Wholesale ; CHARLESTON, S., C.
Nurseries, Maoclenny Fla.,advertiMon first -- J. J. CALHOUtf &.CO., iNA
'oftbis_ number for contract budding.Tal .1 THEO. A. MELTER, Agent,
ti>ta a rare chance to get trees. raised as yon
Bay a home ebeapt A pleasant home can nONAlTYPEWn'ITER j
he *see red on the Installment plan.' Mice Roots, Herbs, Barks and Berries. I 'or LOSTor PAILXHO MANBOOD
BOBM'and two lots la one of the most pleasant enema and NEILVOU8 DEBILITY; S
toeattofis in the city. Address, Vii.... W. Will Cash Prices For, Te&kneu( of Body aad Mind, l Sects .
DACeoTA,Jacksonville,FlagOasNGZTRua par: of Errors Em seen ia Old erYonnHOIK ,-. SUPPLISS
.. ...
am.t..eWe sax con hltl -- H. nitrym aMstr..nw.awcag
WAsrTKxy-Seedllpgs.. suit- ,Blue Flag Root, or Blue Lily; Butter .oJDE WtIDOIBASSPARTSeraent.ae.ekta' .
abter budding' State alas,qualitywhetherswen fly Root; Comfrey Root ; Cotton Root ...U Ufy.ar tt.m Mt.tits&..i.d TwiIZST-Neese.fr.lr.C..atH... WriU Is a Ibta.DMrtptl i.r.., 52# West Bay S4ee4JACS8014VILLE. ; "
or soar,distance from depot a:t4', price .u. a>4 M)fr* u J
Address GBOCSI BROS, Mt. Dora, Faa: Bark; Dandelion Root; Deer Tongue *Mms ERiE MEDICAL co., BUFFALO,HeY FLORIDA
-t,, ,4-30-6t
- The Florida Real Estate Journal.RAreadia. Leaves; Dogwood Bark; Ginseng Root; j
t FlofMa' -with State Map;.caa be'ftaetbronly 'Jerusalem Oak Seed; Poke Root.; Priclly The Garrett Picket &Wire Fence Machine .;
tee eeata. Sou:b.Florida lands c&ea*..2 Ie.J2 .Weave to the posts.A universal FR'U'I'TEVAPORATOR
Ash Bark; Prickly Ash Berries; Rose fa write laomta&ds
/ old family Hlblen. Hake them ,In UIe.eaarsat.d.Freight .. 1
-I DaCocla Prlntln/'smd Pu .. Petals (pale) ;,Rose petals: (red) ; Sampson muni paid. Agent are report* 1)1".,.._,gists aat am.. .!4*....fne. ,
Jaeksonvllle, Fla. *f't' irebigtc\ ilacblnm. THE:BLYMYCJt IKel Wesley CO) .CtecfaMtl..O.'ANSY .
Snake Root Saw Palmetto Berries
i70Ur ; ; .at wholesaledlrecl .. .
*>taU Head to DaCoata Printing and Stillingia-Root or Queen's Delight; Sassafras 1 Farmers where J bave no k
*aekM>nTllle, Kla, *: Root Bark Watermelon Seed mum ii agent. Catal fm.free. Ad. PltLSI '
-.DQ-"OU'need printing of any kind?' .KendioBftCosa ; ; ,drew the manufacturer, ,: ....... I." sari .
aM .re.
Printing and Publishing .House, Wild Cherry Bark (thin virgin) ; Gray 'S. H. GARRETT MANSFIELD. OHIO. Wla.ea si..... Ce.. .,1'.. ,"':\

jteelnoBTiUe Fla *' Moss;. Black Moss. _' .2 _

CME.fIe.F& Cor 4.HlttitTO Write far particulars of curing, ete. Ad- JAPANESE INSECT DESTROYER Tor bap tb, t>.;sh' = .1.14eltrucU"
.MOaN% &I. *. dreM* office! 80 Newnan Bt ; warehouse and, In fur
............ .... wharf, Ctlcord'a wharf, Jacksonville, Fin. 1 Iee&.. Contains nnnniann..,PrIce b,ma1J Zc. Stamps aff nturl. r.'t.ee.....,1... !,

.. ..- 4
"\ :: : A 9J


.. ..- ..:... .,.,t, ... '

-, ..,. -.. "
'r': .'" _"';:.' : -'-' ._-......--........ : ......._ .,. "',' "

: ',4 .


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j i:.. :' ';p_' .



Q ,

1'z::: L. Latest Designs in Parlor and Bedroom Suites in Antique Oak

,, Cod,6BJJOllde. 0 Mahogany, Cherry, Walnut.and Imitation. Hall Stands,

1e J. (J' Willow Reed ,and Rattan
_'t, 8011Cltefl 8 Bed-Lounges; ,
: Goods Desks of all Kinds and

,;; 40 Styles.
AND .*fc
WE SELL 42 W ,

_, YOU THE; .BEST. Y sr



Carpets: Mattings, Curtains, Window Shades, Hanging Lamps, China and '

:Crockery Sets,Tin Toilet Sets,.Mirrors, Curtain Poles and Brackets. .

.' Hotels, Boarding Houses, Shins, Steamers, Offices and Private Residences Furnished from Top to Bottom. l

"".. When writing,please mention this paper.


Jacksonville, Florida. .

Dealers in and Manufacturers of High Grade Fertilizers. f

,Orange Tree, and Truck Fertilizers. Cotton and Corn Fertilizers. \ '

All Grades of Fertilizer Material son Hand at Lowest! Market Prices.>t


:. .jN manufacture all our own.goods at South Jacksonville. Our fertilizers are made, from the best materials.

We:have recently purchased the factory and good will of the South Florida Fertilizer Co., at Orlando, Fla. ;

-, J. ALEX. LITTLE., Secretary and Treasurer, .

Established 1856. 200 Acres in Fruit Nursery. .

: '
FRUITLAND How Lost How Regained,


Augusta, Georgia.
., ___' __ .
_iWe offer for Fall and winter-delivery' an Immense stock of Fruit and Ornamental treeA, OF' LIfE
Rote*,Palm,etc.. salted t* Florida.. All the new Peaches lately originated In Florida. tKNTHYLE'
Also. a superb stock of Evergreens,Camellias,Greenhouse plants,etc.
: 5 Oar products have beein'Florida for thirty-three years part. Catalogues free. .

'No Agents.. _Addreise, [ '

_. Sdtatlfic and Standard Popular Medical Treatise
on the Errors of Yoatt,Prtmator*Decline: ,Ktrrbw
6 es 1W FAVORITE SINGER. I ,and Physical Debility,Impurities of the Blood.
&SICKLY= Style as shown in cut,with fullaetattachnlenteaelfsettingnee* AMSDEN EXHAUSTEDYlTALITYUNTOLD

die and aeif threading shuttle. ,

,=: LOOKING CHILDRfl"" .,sets'of You manufacturers Commissions can get vxw machines of save$25. Canvas Benton OVX.T. EAST COAST POULTRY YARDS. MISERIESResulting

to.SPASMS n molt likely troubled vltLThe trial. Warranted 5 years. Fourteen varieties of land and water fowls.
from Folly,Vice,Ignorance,Excess orOrlutasatloa
bHC remedy for this It the celebrated
I.B.A.FAHNESrOCK'SVERMlFUCC. CO-WEUT1YE SEWIXfi lAME CO., Indian Games, Imperial Pckin Enerratln? and unfitting the Tktta
MeaMyeannnMandneverfails> ObwrrepartleobUiyMu4th NT We Freight Philadelphia for Work,Bosiness,the Marrledor8ocial Relation.
*B.A..tfin__rHnclmftAlton! pay ,Ducks, Bronze Turkeys.Poultry Avoid unskillful pretenders. Possess.this great
work. It contains MO pans,royal Sro. Beautiful
1hWKEYES supplies of all kinds. Send a postal binding,embossed,faff gilt. Price only SLOO bymall
H UMP THE*SELFRESTORERFREE card for my new Illustrated catalogue and ,postpaid,concealed in plain wrapper I dastratiTe .
price lists. Prospectas Prep,U yon apply now. The
MACHINE.. Eggs to Hatch. disUnzniab' author!Wm. IL Parker, M.D. received
to everyman,yotm&nilddle-tged th0 GOLD AND JEWELLED MEIIALfrom
; and ola;pottage paid Addreu E. W. AMSDEN. Orxnond,,Fla. the National Medical Association for
Dr.ILua ont.881 ColumbnsAve.BostonMua.HORTICULTURAL' this PRIZE ESSAY on NERVOUS and<<
Works *a
ellhtr STAND INfi of Assistant Physicians may be consulted confidentially -
TLMBCRoiiSTUMPS. -. POULTRY FOOD!' by mail or in at the osc. of
: we i-
wilt pull an ordl SUPPLIES. = : No.4 Bolflnch 8U,Boston,Olaa,to whoa all
CVEST AM Hit orders for books or letters for adric should: be '
f Mi ut HORTICULTURAL TOOLS and other,sup- directed as aboT
JWES A j oarAtretilar de.ortbes them a0. Sad :; !! i I
(1 CLEAN for q he. Send also for oar o.
QU B PbBaube
...... ....WEEP.. eom lette SEED'CAcfrenlaz d.
jet......"' A..a aMy sal t. epmpK. Trade Mart.HOLLIS' .
.ltelaT7 A.W er reds. a.d1. enp ee a M JOHNSON& STOKES,
.... .. t
,MTM Wm TMT will 17 aw tfe .' It will-7 emit CANNED MEAT FOR POULTRY
.J f. .......... sa p. .mutraW.O a1en..llml,..... '1T sad.l1 Market FhlIa4elailn.PaA Ii
"S.a'Nrf. 'u4 .d..laI. & I'NI k..fu\a Will Make Hens Lay I
JAMES r. MILNE, & SONSMTOI ....1.lftA.. "Gave" Subject; Will Make Chickens Growl!

TJacksonvffle Marble Ckxi ,Istole A2n GOOD FOR MOULTING Fowxs.
the i large**and most responsible' This food is strictly fresh meat carefully BUGGIES HARNESS atBay i PRICE
Z.J" llZaIturera and retail dealers in mon cooked ground fine,seasonedand hermetically .. KHOOtEUCM'JAxle
anfi headstones in the United States,, sealed In 8-lb cans. Being ground fine,it DII'ftt. A..fr.-....FICTOflT LUTBJI1! : *MT. Y:
: :always giving satisfaction. They, YeGthes can be readily mixed with soft food,and fed Axle Jfc Tire.Hlk.ry Wlleel..W...........4b.IQ.MIQ. H
._ i and works at 530 "W. 20th street, owF share. Prio -4 P....Waz n..10.S9. S Mas Ora ".
fowl equal
to give each an ...... ..
so as ,. .. .
...tIW. p I. 25 Laura street, Jacksonville, 3 Has cart$.M. A, *f 10 Bq y f
TIN cta 18 doz. Address HOLLIS
30 can
per ; per
$35' ,Fla.,and Orlando Fla,and CO.,
at i it points in the Southern I Cincinnati 1, OhIo.
ISNN&TIIPSIII.It! l.lN.I.Y. West e& Boston,Mass. [Meatlea paper.|


_' J>.>>, ',, ,- __' ""--" .:., ._' 'at..ts':,s .,, _..... f; .,.>*- ......" <,,-, ."" ..... _--. ..-;;. __. "._ -ir '''''; ')- 'Y" ''; ''' _

.' '.--... '- --..--- "- ,
,.... .. '.. .., 4 ,." \

i -i-iMAY ii ". .


I The 'Clyde Steamship Co. SAVANNAH LINE.. ,1. 44

, Time 53 to 55 hours between Savannah, New York and philadelphia

t New 'York, Charleston and Florida Lines. and between 'Boston and Savannah 65 to 7ohours. j


t The magnificentSteamships of this Line are appointed Ocean Steamship Company.

, to sail as follows : ..
From New York From JackoonTlllc: ,
1 t (Pier 28,E.B.) STEAMER, Florida (Central or 90 Meridian Time)

; Friday. Mar. 271 h, at 8 r. H. .."ALGONQUIN1Thursday, Apr. 2d, at 10:30A.M.
c Monday Mar., 50th, at3 P.x...'CHEROKEE".. Sunday Apr. 5th, at 1:30p.M. Passage Rates : "
Wednesday, Apr. Jet, at 3 P."YEMA8SEE".. Tuesday Apr. 7th, at 2:30P.M.
: Friday, Apr. 3d, at 3 P.u.: .."SEMINOLE"... Thursday, Apr.. 9th, at 4:30A.M. Between Jacksonville and New York: 1st class, SZ5.60;Intermediate,119.00. ;Excursion S4&50
Monday Apr. 6th, at3P.M. .."IROOUOI8" Sunday, Apr. 12th, ,at 7:00A.M. Steerage,112.0.
Wednesday, Apr. 8th, at 8 P. H. .."ALGONQUIN" Tuesday, Apr. lith at 8.00A.M.
I Friday, Apr. 10th, at 8 P;)[. .."CHEROKEE,".. Thursday, Apr. 16th, atlOOOA.M.| Jacksonville and Boston: Cabin ohhla 127X0.Company:Intermediate,$21.00; Excurslon.H7.SO; 8teerage,914J5
, Monday Apr. 13th, at a P."YEMABSEE".. Sunday Apr. 19th, at 1:39 P. M. THE Magnificent Steamships are appointed to sail as follows:
; Wednesday,Apr. 15th, at S P.M. .."8EMINOLE"....Tuesday: Apr. 21st, at 2.30P.M. FROM SAVANNAH TO NEW YORK.
Friday Apr. 17th at8 P.M. .."IROQUOI8" Thursday, Apr. 23d, at 4:00 A.M.
Monday Apr.. 20th, at 8 P.M.*.ALGONQUJN" Sunday, Apr. 26th, at 5:00A.M. [Central or WO Meridian Time.] ,
Wednesday,Apr. 22d, at 3 P.x. .."CHEROKEE".. Tuesday, Apr. 28th, at 7:00A.M. KANSAS CITY.Capt.Kempton .. Monday June 1- 1.30pm
, Friday Apr. 24th, at3p.x..YEMASSEE".Thul'lday, Apr. 30th; at 9:00A.M. CHATTAHOOCHEE.Capt. Daggett.,.._.... .................Wednesday, 33.00 a m
f Monday. Apr. 27th at 8 P. M. ..8EMINOLE". ... Sunday, May 3d, at 12 Noon.Wednesday NACOOCHEE.Capt.8ml tb.... ......Friday, 5- 4.30am
Apr. 29th, at 8 P.M. ..1ROQUOIS"...Tuesday, May 5th, at 2 P.M.I CITY OF BIRMINGHAM, Capt. Bur*.. _.8aturday 6- 6.00pm
\ CITY OF AUGUSTA, Capt.Catherine..__.,Monday: -, 8- 7.00pm
TALLAHASSEE.Capt. Fisher.........Wednesday. 108.30 a m
St. Johns River Line. KANSAS CITY Ca t. Kempton .?.?. ...... ....Friday, 1210.00 a m
I J CHATTAHOOCHEE. Capt. Daggett........Saturday: 13- ll.Ouam
NACOOCHEE.Capt. Smltn......_.Monday, .* l//>-- 12S p m
t CITY OF BIRMINGHAM, Capt. Burg........... ............Wednesday:: II. 172KO m
:r r"Satrlord, Enterprise and Intermediate Points on the St. CITY OF AUGUSTA, 'apt.Catharine......................,.... Friday: ., 19- 4.00pm
TALLAHASSEE. Capt. Fisher...__....__...._.,......?_.Saturday: 20- 4.30pm
\ "Johns River. KANSAS CITY Capt. Kempton Monday, 22- (8.00p mUHATTAH00ChE
,Capt,.Daggett ._._.....Wednesday, 24- 700am
I The Elegant Iron Side-Wheel Steamers NACOOCHEE Capt .ml h............_..,...?.,..... .Friday, 289.00 a m
> CITY OF BIRMINGHAM, Capt. Berg.._.Saturday 27- 1000a m
) _.: r o6oJrr.-Y-: OP :r .' CXSOJ'f-VJLLE": ," CITY,OF AUGUSTA,Capt. : *. 'J9- 12.00m

to" Oapt._ W., A. SHAW, FOR BOSTON.

.-. PJ JD'X:: :DEE..A.e-y GATE CITY, CapUDoane._. June 44.00 p m
':- .. : CITY OF MACON, Capt. Lewis....*........ Thursday: II 119.00 a In
?, t\ J ,' Gapt TW.,LUND, Jr. ; 1 GATE CITY,Capt. Doane.. ......_...._............Thursday: 18- 3.00pm
: Jackson'ville CITY OF.MACON; Capt. Lewls....._. ..........................Thursday: 258.00 a m
it ..Are: .appointed to sail from ,dally: except Saturday at 3:30 p. m ,and from *
Sanford,.dally except Sunday,at 9 a. m.. FOR PHlLADEL.PHIA. .
i (This Ship does NOT Carry Passengers.)

;; .SOUTHBOUND.SCHEDULE.Read Down. . NORTHBOUND. DESSOUG Capt. Asking.._ ............. .... .............Thursday: ,June 4330 pm
. Leave 3:80 p. x.............::........ ....Jacksonville ..........::..,:.......Arrive 11:15PP.: M. DESSOUG,Capt.Asking .-_. .........._?nnday M 14-- 11.30am i
\ 8C'O P. M..,......................0.......Pal.tka ...................,........Leave 7:00 P. M. DESSOUG Capt.Asklns ....__.... ..................Thursday: 24- 6.30pm
'"1 .1:30A.M........... .;.................Astor............................ 2:00 P M.
o 2tSA.H......................,..:... St. .Francis.......................... 12:45 P. M. THESE :PALACE STEAMERS,
II 6OOA.K..............................Beresford .......................... 11:45 A. M.' Connecting with the Savannah,Florida and Western Railway(Waycross Short ,
l 8.-COA.A: .....;..................... ...................... 11:00A. M." to the Traveling Public and Shippers advantages equalled: by other lias.Line)oTar: J;
I J Arrive 8QOA.M./......................... B1neSprtngsa........................ 9:00 A. M. Through Tickets and Bills of Lading Issued to principal points North.no East and ...
II. 945A.M: .. n ,....!..... .............. 9:80 A. M., via Savannah. For Information and rooms apply to Northwest.
Also Steamer EVERULADE(frethtonly) from Jacksonville for Sanford Mondays and J. P.,BECKWITH,'General Agent, H. R. CHRISTIAN, Soliciting Agent f-1
Thursdays at 6 P.M. Returning,'leave.Sanford Wednesdays. and Saturdays at 6_*.x. .71 West Bay Street,Jacksonville. 71 West Bay: Street,Jacksonville..
R. L.' C. G. ANDERSON, Agent, "
General Passenger and Ticket Office, 88,West Bay street.F. New WAL'KERkAgent; hlvtt1 New York. City Exchange Ballilnz: S)viia 'i,01..

M. IR 1'f1ll81'fGER.-.rr.,: ,'Fla,_Pass.Agent,88 West Bay St.,Jacksonville, Fla. W.,'I... JAMES- .RICHARDSOI','Agen;13 S.ThIrd A BARNARD.Street, Agents,.Lewll' Wharf Boston. i
W. F,'8 G fElf..FA., .y.Trav 1l1 Passenger. Agent,88 West Bay st.,Jacksonville, Fla. J. D. HA8HAG Eastern Agent. Sav..FIa.& Western Ry.Co.231 Bt3 :h, J"or." y; i I IG.
JT. 0..PEL.OT, Frt. A'gt.,on wharf,foot Hogan St.,Jacksonville, Fla. .. M. SORREL,OeD.Manager. W. Eo ARNOLD,Gen.Trav. Agt.JackSOQv1lle, Fla..
I JOHH; HOWARD,- Fla. Frt. Agent, foot Laura St.,Jacksonville, Fla. For Tickets apply to S.;F.& W.Railway oMee.E8TABLIBHED. -; :

J .J..A.LESLIE. Bupt,:foot Laura St.Jacksonville,Pia.MARSHAL .
-H.-CLYBE-Asst.Traffic Manager.6 Bowling Green New York. .
J THEO.G. EGEH,Traffic Manager,5 Bowling Green,N.Y. .

.-C. WM. P. : & CO: Geri' Agents ; "
._ ,. ,q_ < 'f'I; y I;
.1ft !. *tk "WJisurwei,,Ph11ade3p&iat. 5 Bowling;Grew,'.... T. VVrT: : ;T.Ea.a.t1:: : : .4.. :J3cU &. ..J_-.

!ei j

? Williams &
Grain Garden Seeds and FertiliieFs..i

'NEW- YORK. 1 ,. ;

...., ....... 20 'WEST BAY STREET, JACKSON VILtE, FLA :

'Branch' Office, No.-,72$, Reynolds- St..' ,," AiiorustEi.. .)- Ga ,

rft t r

1'1h ric Orange Tree Fehilizer, Hay:, Corn' bats, Flour, Br nWheat'Brits, 'Heal J, ::

,Ameficus Orange Tree ,No., '2, ,. COTTON SEED MEAL Bath Bright and Dark

{ .,' AIle .cus''Ammo '--d''' Bye $ eiphos hate,:;.lI"Y' .

.'ABiericiis fPuf Bprie Meal i4 mericus! .W"A e Potash t STATE AGc'r FOR PURE GROUND BONJ'J

AinericEs SfiawDerjrr Fertilizer J. E 'ygert Co.'s'

t : Americus Sulphate) 'pt, ::Potash, __ %Brand i NITRATE SODA, .
Star Fertilizers I
BBsMsB -
1 t Florida Vegetable Fertilizer. POTASH
.. .
J ," : ."'(, ,,r:;' ,. : Tra'7 : '- BULPH TE POTS; j
1. RJJTZHXNCM: C.F/Winton,-tfaadarln, F1.s.J.Dr.. H..'Knl ht, .BeileylewFia.! .' ) 1C. B. O and Vegetable
Wit on Clermon'- Fla.; .ua. r = )
M.r.GodfrebMJnneota r '
i .. :-.- -< Augusta,.b.. These Fertilizers haTe no superior In the market and a trial win conrlnce.MASON 0 ""

SAVE: YOirpt: 1 O iTiT- : & GO Wholtsale and ,Re Dillakea1ra !I. Fortlf :sal .1.

t ,., __ 4


Complete Fertilizers for Vegetables and Fruit Trees. Analysis and price upon application. sad
BAKER BROS tht.Agents.Gl0. Wholesale Df<n ID MILWAUKEE and B. & E. JEERS, 1
W. BABER'S ROTTED BONE MANURE; Decomposed with Pciath.: 136 per
tea delivered. Guaranteed Analysis. Send for Catalogue and samples. Old Dominion White Rye and Celebrated Sliver Kinf{ Soar Mash 1875 ;
K.S.FULLER, A CO t}Special Agents, Palm Springs, Flfc
: Office and Warehouse, 115.West Bay Street, Jacksonville, Fla.

: : .', ) ,; ;-,.

'. ..



.. ... ,. ., .... ..,. ..., -,
,. .... : _
't" .. .
'-;""'': "",,",,- 'L ..., ......-, : ";' c.a... ;_ '" w L L ;'0. '!_ ;"" --.1: (:';" -

vF ;.. ,J'.t,," ." ".'.]..,.._..".::. ''>'' ", Lt, ""'' -' ,,. :;y.' '. !"f""'..,; ,.-, '"...n;." .'.<'r..' .:' r's-- "' .- ...... '"?-'- .., .. -.-- .
t 0; : 1L
: -' I' j' :::.:: ;,:'f- .j

.. '

.. > :



_< __
___ "

1 ..... ." t.

Chicago Bone Meal, :
Blood and :Bone
< ,' Dark: and Bright Cotton Seed Meal, }
Pure Fine Ground Bone, .

.=:::: AnimalBone and Potash, '; Tobacco Stenis, *' J

-. and Potash Canada Hardwood Ashes, .
,Blood, Bone ,, "
; Sulphate of Potash &c. .
,/. [Pulverized Animal: Bone, ,
/: ; '
/!,' '.Fr-a1"'t. AX1.C3.: : "Vine.: : :Bearing Tree' <1t'.... r'm. .
'Cran.se Tree Food, 'young Trees.. : .,. :

: Vefle"tab1.e anal Potato: G-rovver.. -
GEO., E. WILSON 50 West' Bay Sreet, Jacksonville, Fla. F


., Milwaukee-Florida[ Orange Go/ ",

., Selected strains of Choicest Varieties of Citrus Fruit Trees a Specialty. i .. ;
Budding-Wood for,sale at all 1 times. :
l' Our stock Is large and complete. PROMPT ATTENTION TO CORRESPONDENCE.. For ..

l',', Catalogtm and Price-List,address, e

;.0:0'',, A.. L. DUNCAN Manager, Dunedin Fla.



Coal Hay Grain lines Liqnors Cigars Tobacco Etc
I. ,



;. Parker...._...,..,,???,,?_.............%i.7S J. IdartlnVirginia. fyeN.__...N$3.OO
Orange Valley...._._..__ 2.OO .Glades___._._.._ 4.00
Quality Never Varies. 29 Jean'aetaal test In the Field prone! them to be Spring1 Valley..."._.................._ 2.5O I Old B eurboD..._.??-..,??._ fi.OO
r4 a ABSOLUTELY; THE BEST. North Car o' na Com___ 2 50 Kentucky Sour .Pla'lit.............. 3.00Clllton
unequalled for raising large crept. The purity of the component materials and the scientific accuracy Club.....,.......,................_........r Old Baker.___TTTTT.rTTntT-II.m 5OO
with which they are.COt:1blned! make Bradle j's' Fertilizers the most perfect as well as the most montrose VelYetINN.NN..NL..N.NNNBIOOI

economical plant-food'the orange. or vegetable grower can use. Send for beautifully illustrated Jigs extra: gallon 25c.:, 8 gallon 50c() 3 gallon 75c Remit by post office '

pamphlet' money order, check or registered letter. We cannot ship C. O. D.,to dry towns
A complete price list of Groceries, and Wine list, sent free on application.
, _BRADLEY FERTILIZER CO,, 27 KilbySl, Boston { :auausTngaA: ; :. John Clark Son & Oo.


Marion Florida. KlalE1\ Elfin
McINTOSH, County, \44
., ..... ORGANS
/-I dcpLLe. I'on Orange Lake,the borne'of the native orange. Rich high hammock lands .
rising seventy-five feet above the lake level.Flourishing orange groves. Prominent vegetable Placed in Southern Home arose 1870nad
.J office neoMofol btuinMS-M!M orer MX SI 111 Ioni Dollarsand
telegraph poet
shipping point. Well watered. Natural drainage. Railroad PIANOS. retrl Increasing. Why? Because the Country isflooded
. and school t lUt'e8'' Universally,pronounced one of the very best locations in'the. State. with Cheap Inferior Instrument, built

An Inspection.will satisfy the most critical.. Inquiries may be'addressed to UNEQUALLED IN TO SELL-NOT TO USE
# S. H.. GAJTSKILL. and the pobHo has found out that
Tone,Touch,Workmanship 5 Durability WE DON'T SELL THAT KIND
,.' Our Instruments lead the world. Oar Prices LESS
East Baltimore Street. ,.
Baltimore,22 and 24 than factoriae. Term. Eaa1 st. Methods. Ftirest.Inducements .
New York, 148 Fifth Ave. greatest, and we pay freight
Washington, 817: Market Space.Six Write for Free Oataloffoes and CiroaUrs explaminc
fully-all in plain prink ,Easy to boy tromDLLUDD.EN&BATES

&i'c V i ES any TtrletT days rarlltt t :ted at tbt tbAghcuitl <
4 Ex. Ground!
$ at O : greenish white pa I p SAVANNAH. .
tender, sweet an<...dollriona -
,* The only grape
That ranks orat both In
P earliness and qaalltf.
Each Tine sealed With :
t our."registered' trademark A SCHOOL '
: E. POORMAN, Agent, clrcolar giving further Information.label.Agents Send wanted tot : :

p r Lddress STEP1lL"i HOYT'S SONS New Canaan Ct ,
Cincinnati Ohio/ Pitting young men for the attire duties of life .
: Chartered by the legislature of Virginia, and
t endorsed by the Chamber of Commerce,Council,
Catalogue Tree. Agents Wanted. and prominent citizens of the city where located.
For catalogue,circulars and testimonials,address
I.DUNSMOKK,President: ,Stannton,Vs.KORNA11HEN& .
'-.l! q M7 o.
t. J THE M .
'-. : :
: ,
g q STEAM -:-
: .. '
Building and Loan Association H. KORNAHRENS, Proprietor, I

a vsc tiY Hanufacturer of

.' o Soda Water9Saraparitta9 GingerAle
And Own a Home.
, QpY <ZeJand Syrups of
;: s
been equalled In Florida. It offers terms'thatfeeald all Kinds.
The terms of this Association have never I
enable every man to,Instead, of paying rent to a landlord, have same sum pay for I O o A3-Sole Agent for the P. W. Cook Brewt.aCd.
same property In a few years. It offers Met terms to V and half-plots.
o .Pilsener Export Beer,1n pints
Write for particulars,to the above named Association "
Fla. / *:'.*, Mayer &Miller Block,. Jatksomnttt. .1

.. ,S Everett...... Block, Jacksonville, .'". "

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