Florida farmer & fruit grower
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055765/00166
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: S. Powers
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: February 5, 1891
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note: Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038466
oclc - 01387403
notis - AKM6256
lccn - sn 95026761
System ID: UF00055765:00166
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen

Full Text
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1 0'_ .. ., Fla Thursday, February 5, 18i. Whole No. 1149 vno iii ge, s.Proprietors. .
& POWERS, Jacksonville, -' + r
., ; ,.
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FOR 'SALE; Chasselaa Lnttlchau(best and by weekl.

Peru,Fla.,one- '
One and one-half miles from the e rl1eBtmarket.'c! .in Florida. ?
Alafla river. "110 bearing trees in the South.. '
half mile from for use,
the best. They are grown Write for Catalogue.
old. They are
in Ilrst class condition 15 to 18 years them .
Give ,a
-t to our Florida soil4and climate. -.45:' H". VON LUTTICHATJ,
Tract contain- are adapted
healthy locality. They' I'
Good ,
ii ." for will be sent on application. i2-4t Earleton;Fl*. .
P.M.Per's. fia.t 1890-91
In*7J a res. Address,- : trial. :Our new catalogue
.Intrelachen, Fla. '.
PARMERSI Seedsmen and Florists. .' --=-NTTRST3RY.Only .-

300 yards'from depot,)
ww (
Moon's Patent.Plow-Colter and Gauge beats J Thousands: of sweet,seedlings- two to AT yean.
thelwnrldaAdJwilble; to any Plowsone or directly from the famous Tucker
two Bora: *.' Haves. 90.percent.. ln''labor forman i EIiM E AND MQN Y" old Rrore.- from Splendid seed selection of budded trees, thora-Ja&a.Waohlngton .
said beast,aid WHri&es yotuto turn any less and otherwise. Maltese Oral:Hed.8Mt.
.Mnd f g ass,vte-.weeds..completely out Navel Tangerine named,*Peerl_is .a BayouM new aodsulendldramty
'' Seed for circular I Sweet and;others The last .
e,<44gfei tQtML.KAimwB.. early and sweet.Our prices. are

V...Agents SKA/ wanted 4,MOONCPLTERM1O.CO., ,.. !! ;Ala. START RIGHT AND KEEP? RIGHT by buying .r our vinesof '. ,*the.*""19we'r7 Address;* rj snA you J.a will BUHNER purchase.,JIt&DqeI'; :

those.wnb\have had experience and have MADE A SOC'CESSOffGRAPE Care E.A.J'au.Kllerslle Pasco Co,Fl*

.B'LAKE&AG' RIPLEY' CULTURE. ; : SOUTH, : : ;;FLORIDA .and-who_ will i ll O.W.JLUUm'n'. :.,' .EB7ABLBUUU;- ... ').,J9. 4.BARNETT '.y..K., B4SIfal,4,iROa *

; -- -*! ""
of vines
planting and care'
full.instruction as
give' BROS. .
'' $ ; YOUNG & ,- AGENTS ,
-y. ;
.... BOSTON? Y. ?*,- } ,Vines .
ST. {
CHATHAM Companies Stipei .r
..57..., r.t <* ._, Agents for the Niagara' White Grape FLORIDA FRUIT EXCHANGE.Wileu'j .
Catalogues of weekly sales furnished. and Green Mountain,
Price .: ,' m'- Oommlwioa, Traits. and T.gstabltt.
oa application.I -- --NIAGARA-VILLA.
returns. Stencils on application.
.. Prompt Street' ,
water CMcago.
r IMBguth
: i
',. Ao. SAITTA, SON &'CO.; :Box' 492, Orlando, Fla. : + ja BSTlBIJBBEJ-mr' 0'

4 : and new varletiet M. ,
\ alljleadlng
Agents for 'I1a'Carollna and Mlssoui Leaden IAGA' .RADELA.WBA.E.IVES, Foreign. : '-l" 'I.... "- tn'i ,R. FRUIT'COMMISSION MERCHANTS
melon*. 800 CAn received yearly : .
Lemons and Ban anas,
the sale of Oranges,
and Flol1da.OranCeL' '
In Bananas r ;.j \
; : !
best returniBcfereaeesMWbole'iXmlt" ; CLE1itLk1Dfto.
and .
meats 8C) Clte Quickest Mason! :64 A ND 66 PROSPECT'ST.,
trade. I
.JJank..:.i. N ANY AmpU. atoras and, refrigerators. Correspondence *
Ba&kaB4 Co. & hanc lrrnlthM.-
solicited.. Stencils(
Pittsburgh,Pa.,MB to 964 Liberty avenue. : For price list,and estimates with"pe i on \ &=tH.. Hatlonal:Bank:TO&. Edwards .
New..Y'ork, N. .Y., 88 ,Park Place and'2. D IAM address, ** V&oieMle Grocers; Child.Oros ft CXu
r ; large orders, ft;Co. ,
Washington street r: ?:: n:U nil3 ; h' Wholesale BOOt;(.atad'Shoes; Bradstreetrand I
Philadelphia, Pa., Jas. Baltta; 11 *' 'E: : DUBOIS, Manager, Dun a Co" Momantll Agencies; "Ohio Farmer"

DockstreeLDOMONA: : Nurseries and:Vineyards,Tallahassee, Fla.] ClftTeland.___ -W-_ ,

,. : Ban Luis and Andalusia WINES ,' ,' ..F.: M. ,BOEHMER. &!! '' CO.., '1 ;.
Send for' price list of : vy t

:SERIES, SEASON 1890''AND 1891. No.626 tlbert'Ave., '



t general line of fruit row te FERTI ''Z E COMPANY, Doraettlc .Fruits. ,Oranges-in- car' .--lots.. a
to Floridaind the G11lt..8Catea..norida' pose THE .IPCtliltViJLi ivy J I I' solicitedereuceGerman f
and Oriental plum specialties. Fifty rartetieac: Con lgnments and correspondence
t poach od tteea ot plum ,Peach onf both peat b JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA. National Bank.p
4 and'Mwi&B&a/ plum roots. -Apricots k nectarines terminus of' the F." 0.4 P.B.R., -
etc.No. at the
Jffieodf: pecans.Jeanlng Flortdvapple solicited. ; Office 60 West Bay Street Warehouses. and Wharves East'Jacksonville. "* '& CO.,
: gents employed. Correspondence I St.Johns River, LWSHERMAN ;:
: GRAZING MUZZLE. Manufacturers of Commercial Fertilizers. FLORIDA RUIJ"S.
. Chemicals. Oviedo,Fla.t3apt.
of Agricultural
of all kinds .
Importer .
fAllows stock of all kinds to graze and prevents Wholesale: dealers In and to time much &eneral1ntormatlon B F:> ,!
browsing. Trees and shrubs fUUYpro- Send us your name'and,we will mall you from In Florida.. National Bank Sanford Fla.; 8. P.BUga
looted. -" ,: ,. .F' :egardlng successful orange and vegetable culture [Lady Lake, Fla.; J. w RoberU Orange

References. S. B.Hubbard'd; Co.. ,Jackson- Recommendation'td"be Obtained in the State.-Florlda Experiment Station. > P. Bend,Fla ; DrL.Natlonali.Bank. L.Newsom,,Crescent Boston;City K.uarn' ;
Finest Fourth
Tllle. .. --t 'r The DePass, Director.' : # ---- .
'*Price,SL26 each.at factory. < LAKK CITY,FLA.,Oct.Food"on 29.1890. &Co r

MOREMBN'A'CO.- Swltserland; ,.'.hs. MESSRS. E.,T. PAINE A SON. Dear Slrs-I ver.ll:1el have: used,.. your It Is"Orange an nceUtntfcrtUtoer Tree and m!]I 1 S._ :PALMER

., ..- grove for two years and highly.my trees- are growing Yours truly. JAS. r.DKPASS. G. 166 READE ST., NEW YORK.r =
recommendsttmst 20EMESSRS.
can TAMPA FLA.,Oct. '
"4 BEACH & SON.., "- satisfied wl'th the results obtained SOUTHERN PRODUCE A SPECIALTY.

:A'J.' .', NURSERYMEN ,, .E.T.PAINK& 80:(. Gentlemen-I of am which so far I used over l 0 tons the past season Oranges,Lemons,'Pineapples, aad aH'otiter
/ by the use ot"our': 'Orange Food" Fertilizer continuous, use of this brand shows that It.pro! Fruits and early truck, also, dried fruits.
firm and heavy.: Five years conditions In ex-,
My fruit Is very market under average nut'furs;etc
PALATKA, FLA. a thin tou h-skinned fruit,which carries to the past season. The wood growth All consignments'promptly remitted for.
I receive
daces Not one"bad order"report but la RXALTUZ aDd. ;taratofc 4 free.
shape Stencil asd JJ1Uke-tTrepona:
Trees and Plants of all kinds suited to thl obtained by the use of your rert.1l1zlr.I..not.as great,as by,some others 'Si: M.'W." ..ATBOt1S.&I. .'!,' Referenced:' Bradtreet," and eNahilibed
ollmate. Camphor trees a specialty. Also CERTAIN., Yours truly: merchants and banks of the South.

Japan Che&t.nat.a'Pecaaa. and Japan Perslm' : 0 loT : &5t, 3.MAXFIELD & CO.
OB .. 7' l. V m Y D TJ :R : ,
= '' 'rCULTURATOR4i / 75. 77 ; .-'

ROOFING. W- Vi'lltT' oii .IJinllh'Pntt' % ."ySGRSfcpR"Complete Receivers. of Florida Orange'Lemoa' Grape
: \ B. :< yiU\ i and TsffiferJaesi.wT
: .. l ...., ; ...r, Fruit ,
cost -
FELT ) _. iv
GUM and prices BTBXCTZ.T
Fruit Trees. :Analysis : upon.
'oa4yW.ee t per 100 square.feeU.., Make agooc Seal Fertilisers lor Vegetables and BAKER ROB:5 State-Agents- ,.AND TACKING IS OUR BOBBYr
for ,and anyone can petit on. cl L III'd 1RItBp! a* $ ,per IMeBcHalbi-ItIIllMlrree.. L" ""'" '
.... .reel years. aa4..IaU l 1-.rl., I'i' !') BAKER'S BOTTKD' BONE MANURE, DeooafKMed! ,... B&l Baak .
siesep user a able pa OEO.w: for Catalogue and samples: t 'J s.. "-\i:.rt B !f -.NatI ; .-
_QUXijsTlaRoorzNGCo.; t.eed'AD&11EL Send ( ,J'l&.. ... ...
Qaa-ra springs, na.
delivered._ ;."PalD1
89*41'weM Broadway',:NewYorr. Urn: BAKER BBOB.I....' _.#Special_ ... i tf.o..A0... .. ,..J.- .......w w.... ,J Par pt on all OOMfI".e.' '" a

"- si--- LOW PKICKfl OK TOBACCO 8TXMS DT o'&wj.ora.-: L. -
W stated. .
; .IL.eal, ABats.. .. .. : ..4Ai1.a4J .. 4 '.

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AND ..

----Tb.e.: T'loriaL D1: pa"toh 'l: .e1 -

"'; With the Magnificent Connections. .>,'.:
4 .r

The Great Fast Express Freight System of the South.

;.:; ;
The attention of shippers-Is directed to the Plant 8.'8.'line between Havana,Key West and 'l'ampaand South Florida Railway between Tampa and Sanford,a, F.k W.By.between
Jacksonville Gainesville,Bainbridge, River Junction and Savannah,Savannah and Charleston,and Ocean Steamship Line between Savannah,Philadelphia,Boston and New
., York,and Merchants and Miners Transportation Company between Savannah and Baltimore The beat equipped,fastest and most prompt lines between all points In Florida and all
points North and Northwest. .Be aelvers and Shippers will profit by the following unparalleled connections:
____. ____
3tOBTH 8eU1fD. I JSOUJ.'IlJ.Doubte .
.. Doable dally fast freight service for all points.-Weft via Albany,Jesup,.Bainbridge daily fast freight service from all points North and West via Albany,Bainbridge,
8&TaBD&h. Jesnp and Savannah to all points in Florida;fast freight trains both via Gainesville,Jackr
.:Daily fast:freight all rail connection Bton Atlantic Coast Line to all Eastern,Interior sonville,Callahan and Live Oak. .
aftd Coast points, including New York Philadelphia,Baltimore, Washington and Four ships a week by the fleet steamships of the Ocean Steamship Company,sailing from
.PJ' TWe ee. -- New York(New Pier 85,North River,)direct for Savannah Monday,Wednesday,Friday and
I'Hreonnecrtouaa week'for New York via OoeanSteamahip Company,leaving Savannah Saturday. ::
Mondays, Wednesdays;Fridays and Saturdays. The Boston and Savannah Steamship Company's steamers will leave Boston Jan. 8..
Two connections a week for Baltimore.via Jlerebanta' and lIDen'Transportation Corn.CoBDeottonni -. )2,18.2nl 24 and 28 Savannah direct,m&k1DecoDDecUoDoD the dock at Savannah wtthtaal.freight
8aTUnah en andaann SatUMar. trains for ill points In Florida.
for Boston via: SteamshIp Company,leaving Savannah From Philadelphia via Ocean Steamship Co., leaving Philadelphia Jan. 10 20, 30 and
Jan.$,14,18,21,28 and 80. every fle days from regular sailing day via New York to Savannah.
O mIeI &lona.Philadelphia every ten day via Ocean Steamship Company,leaving From B&ftlniora; _.'VIaMerchanta and ,Miners Transportation Co., every Tuesday and
Bavaas&h Jan.15 and 26. '. Friday, irafcini close connection with 8., F.A W.Ry.for all points in Florida
Balling days for Steamships are subject to change without notice.

The Florida Dispatch Line is the.quickest: and best freight route from all points North Eatt ard West to Florida. For full particulars,rates,stencils and shipping receipts apply to '
may aceat of the above lines,or to WM.P.HARDEE,Genl Freight gent,Savannah,Ua. .
. .a D.OWENS,Traffic Manager,Savannah Ga. W. M.DAVIDSON, Gen'1 Traffic:Agent, Jacksonville,Fla. "il'
J.A.firOTTSWOODTrav.' !gt.,Gainesville,Fla. J.P.JOBDA1f,Tray.Agent,Qnincy. J.E.FRayox,TraT. Agent, Jacksonville.. J.H.BTXPHXNS,Agent,Jacksonville. r;

"Established 1856 200 Acres in Fruit Nursery

,FRUITLAND I NURSERIES I .Leading PhotographerOf

the State. Estimates on .
;. Augusta, Georgia

i VIEWSOp Trade Mark.
Zi We offer for Fall and winter delivery an>. Immense stock of Fruit and Ornamental trees. .
a MS,Pates,etev salted te Florida.: All .tbe' new Peaches lately :originated.in. -Florida.it : .to: _18x22,gtren on application. 12+4m HOLLIS' CANNED MEAT FOR POULTRY
Aa>a saperb stock of ,Camellias,Greenhouse plants,etc.; ',' ---' *j' .*' t'' : :
.' ...-. ...tQv.pr aota..have..been In Florid. for thirty-three years past Catalogues free.?. ---------,--- IDakeHeD8Layi I 7,., ;
: ., ., ;No .'t A: ; -. --. Will Make Chickens Grow!
; A8' ,:1a.1: : !I J Important to .Melon Groers.PLANT'
,:. P. J, BRRGKMAN8, This food is strictly fresh meat,carefully

.P, Augusta Ga. cooked,ground fine,seasoned and hermetically i'Y
sealed in 8-lb cans. Being ground:fine,it
ONLY PURE SEED. can be readily mixed with soft food,and fed
BTJSTIS. NURSERIES' so as to give each fowl an equal share., Pric
I can supply Melon Growers with 30 cts per can; F3 per doz. Address HOLLIB f
KuMis, Lake County, Fla., .. '
pure Stock Watermelon Seed cf all DRESSED MEAT & WOOL CO., 2)) North

;V Offer far sale. for Immediate planting standard varieties, my own growth, at Boston Mass. [Mention pliper.IDEARNESS I

>A. FINE STOCK OF, ORANGE. AND LEMON TREES lowest market prices.To .

those_ purchasing seed of me, I
''Ome ana two year buds;eholeest varieties,all crown on pine land. will furnish full ,
particulars as to plant-
My Nurseries were entirely nzlnjured by the March freeze Plant now during the rainy
.._o.. ..eiem uVWrits' f.r.special, .prices. IB gf ertiliiing, cultivation, etc. ITS CAUSES AND CURE,
: -. G. H. NORTON. Address,
.... t Scientifically treated by an anrist of world.wide -
W. GIRARDEAU, reputation.- Deafness eradicated and
11-41 MoatleelloFlaSTRAWBERRIES. onWrelT cared,of from 10to SJ.years'standing: ,
.GOT IB!I GRASSHOPPBRS I! CATERPillARS after all other treatments bare failed. How
be difficulty Is reached and th" cause removed -
,tully explained In circulars with affidavits -
and testimonials cures from prominent

We make the :
i .. DESTROYER will kill the cut worm, destroy the grasshopper original Virginia.

: exterminate the caterpillar and all other insects that Ventilated Fruit Carriers for ,

feed on and destroy the young vegetables and plants. Vege- Strawberries and Tomatoes. If

table and truck growers should investigate the merits of this you want fancy prices for your .
'Tanst and Margarita."
.wonderful. preparation. Tomatoes, ship them in a No.
: For cener information, prices, circulars, etc., addres, A NEW GROUP.FBICKI12.
41 or a No.42 Ventilated Carrier. -
Box 216. Jacksonville Fla. Early Strawberries in a No. 34 Faust sees Mar-
fMention this paper.| gurite for the first
or 36 Crate. Catalogues, prices
: JOHN CLARK SON & CO. time as she is walk-
,, and samples free on pplTcation
ing in the street and

GROCIB5 SAID COIIISSIQN MERCHANTS,, Southside Petersburg Mfg. Co.,, Va. : accosts her saying:

_DEALERS IN- "Pair lady,may I thus make free
To offer yon my arm and company,"

Coal Hay Grain hits Liquors Cigars Tobacco Etc him
:., She replies as she leaves :

JACKSONVILLE: FLA. 118tA ..I am no lady,am not fair,
Can wli boat escort home repair."
-Parker_______.. ..11.7tY J. Mai tin Rye........__.._--t3.OO An illustrated Catalogue of all the
era.ce alley____-,?... 2.8O Tirrlaia Glade...___....._ 4.00
hof'prla..V.'tey...,.,....__.-_, Z.5O I el"...rb..__.. .._ 5.OO groups now published will be mailedon
North Care ins CoCILf _,MMMM 2 60 Kentucky 8ur Mash.Old. _...._ 5.OO RUIIIES CHARNESS at PRICE receipt of 10 cents.
ton. C jufr. .....,,.... yairfu....._..._???__ 5.OO
:Meatrose Velvet_.........__ 6.00. BQ trines *.FACTORY..4 five MIDOLEMCN'SPnflL The group will be delivered free of
J'tga extra: 1 gallo 96c., gallon' 50c.( 3 gallon'75c Remit by post office Axle Jk Tlr*. W1i_UWAmat 4,S45..5.t O. expense at any railroad station on receipt -
.Y money order,.check or registered letter. We cannot ship C. O.>D.to dry towns. I Xia PM C..W&ce,..5I.,.10..u1.A(...1.$11 KAB.aH7 Opoa Haruu err. 94.tS.a.i*. of the: catalogue price.JOHN .

: A. -complete. price" ..,list Groceries. and Wine list sent free on application. U.t?.BUGGY AND CAST CO., ROGERS,
John Clark. Son & Co. Cincinnati,-Ohio. 14 West mh St.,New Fork

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1 1K :




I We made a journey to Sanford to : orange In the box,I It Is almost sure to be ou The A B., 0. in Orange Culture

t ,- Croce and Orchard.How see its packing system, reported to be the top. Sometimes In order to get what I NO.
really think they are worth,I have to sort and
.. of the"best in the State but
one ; un-
the whole lot. I will
repack In doing so, Editor Farmer and Yrult-orower.
to Market Fruit.. fortunately, the packeries were closed probably get five or more boxes of No 2 You ask us to write an article on

!_ Our vigilant correspondent, Mr. for the present. They receive the grade. These, of course, I have to sell for lessmoney culture "elementary"thethings
in bulk from the ,which reduces the average. orange ,
Neeld wishes us to devote a numberto oranges grower, sort, you'would want to know if
Thus you see I must not only be able to you
this The size, paper and pack them, and furnish
topic. two great'points
guarantee my customers, but convince them did not know anytbing'Ve think
to be attained are, first, to prevent everything at a uniform charge of for- that your fruit I* In all respects as good as sometimes that we might reverse .the

gluts; second, to prevent the shipmentof ty-five cents a box. They are said to Mr.'Brown'. before. I can sell) It U them at l Utter quotation and say to ourself,

inferior fruit. An enthusiastic give satisfaction and to pack the or- the same figures,and when yon put It up and "We don't know anything but would
better than the majority of grade It to I can do so,1 cau and will return
"grower writing in one of our ex anges growers in
like to know. We certainly are
< you as good prices as I do Mr. Brown, whichI
would do it home.
changes, expressed a wish that every at would Ilk to do." our A B. Cs. A short time ago we

city had a fruit exchange. This From a variety of sources 'we pre- A CALIFORNIA PLAN. 'met a gentleman who had htelvtaken : :

would leave matters about as bad as sent several views and statements charge as superintendent of

they are now, for there would be end bearing on this subject: The following has just been adoptedin several thousand acres of land,, including -

'less cross firing and competition, be- A COMMISSION MAN'S VIEW. Southern California : a number of orange groves.
The Incorporation of a joint stock
localities there is be companywith
tween as now There should be In We asked him if he had had
: a system organized buy- a capital of% from$50,000()(; to 00000.: Stockto very
tween individuals. Ing and selling oranges, whichwould be of be taken by growers value of shares, J5 to much experience in orange culture.He .

Gluts be great benefit to both grower and dealer. The of with to "Oh I three
can never prevented except $10. Board directors manager con- replied, yes, spent ,
association the whole present system Is very unsatisfactory, and trol the association. One or more directors
by an covering weeks in an orange grove a yeaiv'ortwo ;
also expensive to the dealer. For Instance:
"of, a given fruit region, with ,a tele- A man In Chicago wires for a car of oranges. appointed from Erection the several rentlt principal of ship ago, and gave my time," and he
ping points. g necessary
graph system at their command ramifying He only wants 10 per cent.russets; j ou have packing houses. Appointment of Eastern knew all about orange culture.A .
through both sections, the one car-loaded 15 or :0 per cent. russets, and the agent,probably Porter Bros. at Chicago,to direct man was! once boring a hole in

which produces and the one which wire has to be used again,when on the other shipments Employing and stationing' yoke holding it between his
an ox
,hand If russets were told at one price and ,
Kansas and
at Denver, City
consumes that particular variety of competent agents
feet the thing would keep turning
brlghts at another, a few boxes either way other: points to work In unison with Porter ;
fruit. would pass,as the discrimination is made on Bros. In placing shipments so as to avoid around. A foolish fellow watched

The second requisite, to exclude un. account that brights are worth more than gluts In the market These last named agents him awhile and then reml.rkedVhy: :
merchantable fruit from shipment is'' russets In this market. Another point In, to be made ''
to be salaried. Arrangements don't you put it in the hog trough? anew
also difficult This is sizes are discriminated: against. They should train-load
to ,accomplish. with railroad con panics whereby one standing near by. The man
bofcold sizes aud off sizes 128 to 22S
a free and the owner of regular Instead of car-load rates can be bad, ...makinlamaterlalsa'lngto
country poorfruif looked and remarked taking in
count ae regular at one price; off sizes 06,112, shippers. Supplying box up ,
has as much right to put it aboard 250()and one-third off in price. So a man stuff at reduced rates. Main office to be In the situation at once: "Well, there,

the cars or steamers of a public carrieras In Mew York sends an order: Ship car one- Los Angeles with one branch office In River- a man can learn something from any
the of the article.A half blights regular sizes 2JO off sizes 100.
owner gilt-edge side. I fool." ''Yes, and any fool can learn
Now In selling the has trouble with ,
weeks the of Riverside grower
ago growers the foolish fellow.
... the bus er on account of mixing his oranges A DELAWARE PEACH EXCHANGE. something, replied
California, were thrown into a with his neighbor1!* at pacing house and Wyoming, Kent Co., Del.,was In the midst We have been in Florida fifteen years, ;

state of high indignation by the prop- claims he had more boxes than he got credit of the finest peach section on the globe, and and still think we can learn some-

osition of the buyers and packers to for. They should bd sod: so many pounds for the fruit growers opened their eyes. and established thing "from any fool," and per

them to ship "only merchantable a box of oranges louse; the grower sees them i their Exchange at that point. A canvass haps some of your new readers may
fruit." But the buyers and packerswere weighed, g-=t. his boxes back as tare,and he i of the North, Est and Went, was made; from
knows how mach Is coming as price paid; buyers came, fruit was sold by auction,hav- learn something us.
than half Poor fruit
'r more right. and the pa.ckers8Te time and trouble keepIng ing been Inspected under the eyes of the ... We shall first speak of land, for in
is one of the most prolific causes of luts separate'and weighs' back aa tare all buyer, by having a basket or two of each that lies everything or nothing. Florida

' gluts; poor fruit lowers the standardof defective oranges not fit to pack. wagon load emptied when required.To i is said to be a more recent formation
any locality.But It these Instructions were carried out It this point 300UOfr baskets of fruit could be

of course, the only way it can would put hundreds of thousands of dollars brought In wagons during'the season; as than any other portion or our country,
being shippedin and geologists it has taken
Into the of the of many as twelve or fifteen cars yet say
be excluded is for growers of good pockets orange growers
Florida annually. a day. 65,000 years to form the peninsula.
fruit to charter cars by associated action ANOTHER.A The Exchange placed officers and clerks In Whew! We have seen portions of
and rule out everything not be- the Exchange building, and with them the
Florida that we thought were undoub'edly -
longing to their own members or not A,- or so ago,one of your orange growers buyer deposited their money In the morning,
visited his commUsion merchant In New the clerks taking account of all sales, paying the Lord's dumpgroundsafter
coming up to the standard adopted by York,and wanted him to explain,If he could for the fruit, and returning to tee buyers, he had finished the rest of the

their inspectors. And this will makeill how It WAS his oranges did not sell for as much whenever demanded, any money not paid earth. No doubt it has risen out of

feeling in a neighborhood.There as his neighbor Brown's. He did not like to out. The Exchange charged the seller one the sea we see signs of it everywhere;

is no trouble, glut or no glut, admit that Brown's fruit was any better than cent per basket for selling the fruit and the ; walk one-half mile in
his. "Well,"says the merchant, "I will tell for loading It. you can many
Mr. .CO car
in marketing such fruit as we saw buyer$5 per
you the whole secret. )Ir. Brown has always 'The plan, worked admirably so far as It places and cross four distinct kinds of

J. O. Taber, of Orange county, pack- been very particular In grading his fruit and went; but It did not extend Its full benefits to lands, and stand with one foot on one
ing. He had the Florida made boxes It His No. 1 fruit Is what It purports -; kind
putting up. growers at a distance from the seat of Its operations kind and the other on another ,
described by Rer. Lyman Phelps in to be,In size, quality: and appearance.He i so marked is the line. In one of our
clean smooth has succeeded In establishing It a name I
another column; as cut, I A BALTIMORE FRUIT EXCHANGE.The I can show an
you orange
and reputation which dealers have learned to groves
and bright as any that ever came from Fruit and Produce Exchange which has been
appreciate They look for and Inquire for It, I Baltimore tree fifteen feet high
Bangor. The hoops are also cut by established last April, handled over feet from it
and often will take no other. If I tell them I planted five years; twenty
machinery from cypress logs and nailedon have a lot of another brand equally as good, 10 per cent.of the fruit coming to this mar- is an orange tree three feet high,

clear around the box when it is they are Inclined to doubt It. I once had an ket. After the Exchange opened for the the time and five
sold planted at same ,
lit we
business, August ,
boxes of Brown's brand to transaction
nailed for
"made.Vhen to be order twenty
ready up, cent. commission charges, feet high when planted. /Perhaps we
Ratchet send out of town. The case was an urgent fruit at three per
the workman with a sharp cuts charged 10 cent.; we end Saw dust
one, and having none on hand, 1 filled the commission men per planted it wrong up.)
each hoop in, two in the middle, witha order with another brand I thought equallyas made no carl age charges, commission men will hold up an orange tree, but don'tplant

clear, oblique stroke, presses down I good, and so advised my customer,but the charged' Sc. per package; we sold at public a grove In saw-dust. Real

the top with a lever, nails it fast, then whole lot was returned to me-they were not auction and had competition In purchasing, rule real
established estate as a are a
I had been fully agents, ,
the the wanted. Again, ship me, say, forty so that after we
brings two ends of hoop to you
netted the of fellows but inclined
three fruit sold'by the Exchange grower set they are
boxes. My customer examines or four .
gether again and nails them down. boxes and he finds two or three oranges In It to 20 per cent more than goods sold In.the to follow the teachings jof one

This avoids the work of rolling the each box of second quality. He estimates the' same markets by Individual dealers. The who said (in the Bible?) "the _.truth

:. box over and over to put the hoops ,. whole lot of like character, and makes hU Exchange returned the actual amount the should not always be spoken rather

,,: on.after it has been filled. oar accordingly. IT there 1* a second-claw goods sold tor,less commission and freight.






,, "'

than the hatchet cherry-tree story of Very few of them had a brack, blem- please. We all must learn that art it that is so far lacking as ours is (we .
later date.A ish or check in them. Of late I have we court success. Mr. Leslie needsno may as well say in everything), there is
few years ago we had a succes- been using these veneers for my orange hints from me. He is a master in more or less need of iron as well as of
sion of very dry seasons; 'real estate boxes. I do not hesitate to say Mr. his work. LYIIAN PHELPS. the other subtances.Ve know thereis

was booming; a gentleman purchased Leslie is the owner of the best veneer danford, Fla.,Jan.24, 1*91. iron in the blood of the animal, and
ten acres of beautiful hammock land cutting machinery in the. world; and we also know that of all substances to
k and:planted a grove. The'trees grew he knows how to use it. He turns :Profit of Pineapple Culture.Edlto 'II". make a healthy, rapid growth of a
finely; in two,years the "cycle" came out the most even work I have yet seen *Farmer and Frult-Orower. plant, nothing compares with blood.
round, a moisture. filled the 'atmosphere -not one poor piece in a thousand I have no objections to you usingmy The scientist will tell us that bone,
for*forty-one days,, and nights. has he sent me. name in connection with the pine blood and potash contain all the ele
Thinking he had better visit his grove I am fully persuaded that no plantof culture, but I wish it to be used in ments that plants take up from the soil.
and-mellow, up the ground about the the same size has come into the such a way that I will not have to If this be true (and it is), and there is
trees, he hired a boat and rowed for State that will be of equal value to the, answer letters to individuals. The ques- iron in the blood\ (and there is), whyis
two miles, passing over, several groves fruit and vegetable growers as the Box tions asked by one are asked by nearly it not necessary that our orange trees
,till he came to his. He knew it was and Basket Factory at Centre Hill. all and it would be better for me and should be supplied with iron in some
his, for he had just put up a sign,"No The box is smooth, has the clean odor save me much time to answer through form?
trespassing." He could just see the of the pine, and a soft, mellow shade your paper; then it would reach all Some of the best fruit growing sections -
tops of his trees, and a large flock suggestive of Florida climate and sun that we care to reach, and I could in our country are near the iron
of wild duck were having a gay shine. The color of the box harmon FARMER mines. i .
answer by referring to AND
time diving for pond-lily bulbs. Tne izes in art tones with the refined shadesof FRUIT GROWER of such a date. The most healthy peach trees I ever
agent who sold' that land believed our oranges. It every way makes saw in Tennessee were in that part of
You I
"the truth should not always be a more attractive package than the were nearly correct, only it where there was more or less: iron,in
have about in and there
spoken." cold, bald colors of the Northern beech 45 acres pines all the soil.
We believe in hammock land, which has nothing suggestive of Flor were only about 25 acres in fruit last So in Arkansas and Mfssouri, in
I received round numbers
either high or low, for an orange ida. year. in those sections containing iron in the
grove. If low hammock it must be Considering the quality, the box $1,400 for the apples off two acres, soil, it has been from time immemorial
and sold off the land in
capable of being drained, and at least sides are most reasonable in price. I same $300 thought that it was the cause of
and the is
six feet above tide water. Low' ham- experimented a few days ago on some plants ; prospect as goodfor more healthy and long-lived peach,
this last if better.
mock is apt to have, underlying the of the veneers cut from the curly pine Some of year as not old and pear and apple trees, than in portions
dark surface soil, a stratum of hard with a cabinet scraper So perfectly my plants are very containing no iron.I .
pan, marl, lime rock, or quicksand.If had they been cut that I could dress do not make much fruit, not more have seen fields of soil and fine <
either comes within one foot of them without any other tool-save the than $200 to $250 per acre. So with fruit trees growing in lands where great
the surface, hesitate about purchasing.If scraper-and fit them for polishing.I me they net from $200 to $700 per bowlders of iron were loose on the top,
quicksand is within one foot on do not Task the orange growers to acre. So you can see at a glance thatif and the land so full of oxide of iron
I should write I
any land, skip it. High hammock patronize Mr. Leslie because it is a over my name that it was red enough for paint. As
would be flooded with letters and I
with a rank growth of hardwood tim home industry. I believe in my right my mind runs on those points I be-
have time
ber, there is never any doubt about; and duty to go where I can do the no nor disposition to corre- lieve, could I move some of that soil
if answered the
you need not dig but look up at the best. I write to inform your interested spond FARMER; FRUIT-GROWER through it wouldbe and place it about my trees, for years
growth. Nature will not lie.Ve readers where they can get a good box, AND there would be little else needed.
better all
do not,condemn good pine land (oran a neat box, and a cheap box, or a we,!n! roundT.. E. RICHARDSIndian Some of our growers here the past season
orange grove; there are many beau- finished basket, four of which fill one River have been trying that same experi-
,tiful groves on it. But why 'spend end of a standard box, or another size, .. .-.. ment. Dr. Peak, of Orlando, has some
750. to get $1.00, when you can get two of which will fill an end of an or Iron for Fruit Trees. lands somewhere in Alabama of which
the dollar by spending SOc.? See? ange box. These baskets, too, are at edltorFarmer and Fruit-Grower the whole soil, in places, is largely ox
We believe there is just that differ- tractive and made of the yellow pine. A clipping in the "Garden and ide of iron. He is the first to intro-
ence in favor of'hammock land, Sixteen oranges, o>* 176 size, will fill a Lawn" department of your valuable duce it and apply it to his trees. A

versus pine land. Why purchase land shallow tray; and sixteen, of 176, will paper of the 15th, on the above ques part of the grove has been treated withit
and build it up and be continually fill the bottom layer of a larger tray, tion, brings to mind items of and the other left without, and, the
fertilizing it to keep it up, when you while the top layer will take in sixteenof former observations in other sections Doctor thinks, with remarkable effectin
can with a little more money at the 150 size. that may be of interest. Nowhere the wood growth, dark foliage and
outset get: rich land that will The one point I wish to emphasizeis have I ever traveled that the questionof bright oranges. JAMES MOTT.

grow an orange tree to the bearing it ,is a good box, a most attractiveone manuring land for all we grow, be Orlando, Fla
age and two or three years after with- ; and I believe the busy toilers on that what it may, has taken so important I .
: fertilizing? the railroads handle such Winter Pineapples. ,
out packages a part as here ii\% Florida. As ;
We are inclined to this opinion, and better than poor ones, and that the Eli Minich, in answer to the Michiganman Three or four weeks ago we pub- t
if asked, would give it to a stranger.As buyers pay more for the fruit in them. that wished to know what was lished a brief account of the very large ; t
long as there is a plenty of high Here let me say, by way of digres- lacking in his sandy soil for his peach profits reaped from small areas of pine-
hammock land, land that produces sim (though the fact has the same orchard, said "if it was quartz sand it apples by two growers in Orange coun
nut-bearing timber that can be got at connection as two coats hanging on needed all"I ty, Mr. Kedney, Winter Park, and
a reasonable price, I would purchasethat adjacent pegs along side each other), have probably searched as dili Mr. Russell, at Orlando. The accountwas
by all odds in preference to any I do not agree with my easy writing I gently as any one in this country how received with some incredulity,
other. We are speaking of makingan friend, E. H. Hart, in regard to the and what to do in the culture of our and it gives us pleasure to find in our
orange grove as an investment.If utility of creamy orange wraps. He fruits. I have read Liebig's sayings, contemporary, the Agriculturist,a more
a person was pleased with a certain did not have the cou age of his con Johnson and others, but I cannot remember detailed account of Mr. Kedney'splantation
locality, and the groves in that victions. When he showed his fruitat anything that has come to me which corroborates our
vicinity were doing well with little Ocala he lined his trays with soft of the use of iron for fruits. I have statements. He has only an acre anda
expense, it would be safe to locate. I paper. Those same oranges were known many people to hang horse half, and on this he has twenty-seven
will try to talk less and say more on worth more to Mr. Hart for their neat shoes on the limbs, and place old bits varieties, but the Smooth Cayenne, is
the subject in my next. surroundings. To the buyer they of iron in the forks of the trees (andit his preference for a winter market va-
C. A. BACON. were worth more than the cost of the really caused them to ftuit), and the riety, and this furnished nine tenths of

.FJA.Ormond-on-the-Halifax, "Number Mne,", soft, fluffy and creamy paper to set off planter believed it was the effect the his shipments. The entire plantationis
-* .------- L; the yellow spheres. If any of you have iron had on the tree. This was very covered with a slat-shed, the slats
Orange Boxes of Florida Woods.Se4or the good fortune to dine at Mr. Hart's true; but not in the channel ((iron rust three or four inches wide, with spacesof
Farmer and Fruit-Grower. hospitable home you can plainly in the sap) that it was thought be. an inch and a half between; and
At the opening of the Alliance Exposition read Mr. Hart's views on attrac Its action was that of retarding the there is a high tight board-fence all
in December last, at Ocala, I tive packages of choice fruit. The flow of sap by the weight of the horse around it. The article continues:
saw the veneers for orange box sides wife and daughter are worth shoe on the limb; and as Downing remarks "These pineapples are set out two
cut by Jno W. Leslie. If I had seen more to him because of the simple "where the life of a fruit tree feet apart in the rows, while the rows
nothing else at the Exposition I should ribbon, the harmony of color or vine is threatened it is an instinct of are three feet apart, which is at the
have been repaid for that trip. They and the contrast so fitting the bright&: nature that the tree sets itself to workto rate of about 3,000 to the acre. There
were the best cut veneers I ever saw. eye and the fair complexion. I say bear fruit to leave seed behind." So have been shipped from October to
x My fingers have handled some, holding even the dinner is better because of in that case. December last, inclusive, 600 apples. ;
the,cabinet scraper as well as the that bit of ribbon, though he regales Nothing of the use of iron on trees This" the writer understands to be the
varnish brush and the polishing tools. you with his choicest fruits. Mr. Hartis has come to me from the :writings of first"fall! or winter crop yet produced '

Their edges were square and clean cut. a born' artist, and does study to others, but I must believe that any soil --how: this;has been accomplished, i ittJ (;

a t I


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:FEBRUARY 5,. 1891J, :.. ... '_," 'THE FLORIDA DISPATCH.--_,. FARMER, :AND- .. 'FRUIT-GROWER. '._ lot.. ....n.


is not our province to tell. The con- ing serves two purp'oses-to guard fruit. Then there are the boys to SOUTHERN SEED'-'

tract is with a fancy retail fruit dealerof againt extremes of heat and cold. whom "stolen fruit is the sweetest{,"

Broadway; New York; who has "Again, in referring to the profit to etc. But there is still another class,

agreed to take all that can be furnisned be realized, Mr. Kedney thinks that which is perhaps most difficult of all GROWN ON SOUTHERN SOU.. .

between October and May, paying $i while it now reaches or rather exceeds to deal with; it is the good natured .

apiece for every: apple weighing'three $1,500, with proper attention it might friend, who, simply stops to nip an orange BY A SOUTHERN GROWER. .

pounds; or over, and they are scarcelyever easily be made to cover $2,500, per as he passes by. Altogether,

under that weight-some of them year. the grower who has an orchard near a.

are nearer five pounds than three. The "Many consignments of pineapple town or through which there is an Come, brother farmers have you thought .
I of the undisputable advantage of bnylng your
600 already shipped do not cover one- plants have already been made to California I open road, suffers considerable loss in seed direct from the grower especially when

half of the number 'yet to be sent, or, from this place, and Mr. Ked I the course of a season; in fact, some you Seed can grown get acclimatrd by a man of over Field 15 years'and Garden practical -

in other words, not one-half of the ney had recently an order for 3,000 communities seem to consider an or experience Below you will find prices of
few Hit of
specialties. Write for
available crop has been gathered and which he was unable to fill, from the ange orchard as a philanthropic institution many other varieties. price

forwarded."In "'"" same State, because the plants could and seem even offended if at-
one year'the product of this enclosure not. bespared. Ii tention, is called to the rights of the Little Ref Cob-All Corn.I et: eCorn

of and half be owner of the property. This move of for the South; has been grown and sold by UIU
one a acres may "CASH AND SKILL REQUIRED. a specialty for m.ny years and has given
roughly estimated at $ISOO, and thisis business the Pomona growers is in the right direction I. universal sattefacti n. Ouly see my certificates -
'If the
is so profitable
from some of the best planters and be
low estimate the and we hope to see similar organizations
a considering re why don't everybody plunge right intoit convince
turns for.plants so d, such as suckers, J formed in other districts.Cal. Price&cts. per quart, by mall post-paid! ;
you ask. Well, it takes capital and! 50 ct per peek; 12.00 per bus.;5 bus.and up-
crowns, etc., at twenty-five cents each, labor-a great deal of both-to ,raise Fruit Grower. wards,'1.50 per bus.

and probably to the value of $500 per those choice varieties. But more Pearl l Corn. Very prolific.! Makes the most
beautiful meal and '.
annum. hominy.
than all it takes brains reinforced
and unsurpassed for roasting ears.
"WHAT GOOD CULTURE WILL DO. by.close attention ; otherwise the ex ONE MOMENT PLEASE. Trice,same as Little Rel Cob.
"In illustration of the rapidity with ,
periment a failure. Thena Don't fall to plant a
may prove Earl Field Corn
which a pineapple matures, it may be freeze like that of few T field of early corn.
great a years
said that Grain Is very high. Blount's Prolific,Cham-
Mr. has
Kedney set out a time White Pearl Golden three
when and
ago, might occur at any ploa Beauty;
plant and had an apple (from it in eight best" Tarietlei. This seed Is Northern grown,
the resistance offered by such coveringas "lio and matures very early In our ci'm-te.
months; nine out of ten will bear in a that above described would be of( { 1 l.25 p rbus,;75; cts. rer peck; 40 cts. per
and the quart,by mall,post-paid
year or eighteen months, re no avail. That of March lyth last

mainder surely within two years. No did the in the in Jones' Extra Most hardy,ear-
no injury to plants oGv Improved, 1 Iieat, most ptoiific;
makes failure. But stillit
plant an utter It did r and I
closure of Mr. Kedney. some E rly Prolific profitable
i is fine : ot the
very extraordinary to set out a where type many
harm, however, in other cases varieties. This
plant, for instance in July, and have the top slats were two inches or more H rlon{! Cotton Seed seed Lac given
from it ripe fruit the following. May- wonderful'ul results,as can be shown by certifi
apart cates. I can especially recommend this.
such are, however, usually. about . Price,$1.25 per bushel.

twelve inches high when transplanted. Stealing Oranges The rush for our New Improved Pi tart in Stock Seed direct
Some of the apples weigh between Pomona have become {; from the originator.
orange growers
for Single $1.00. .
eight and nine pounds. ,One box, so incensed at the continued Catalogue 1891 (quarto, and
Very very prolific, a
lately sent to market, contained twelve depredations o' orange thieves that 56 pages, 60 illustrations) is P erless. splendid variety. Only a limited
supply of seed. Per bus., $2 00., (Stock seed
apples weighing eighty-seven pounds, they have formed a combination for We want to cost considerable.)
while the box itself tipped the scales at the prosecution of offenders, and have unprecedented.

three-that was seven and one-fourth subscribed to the following: say right here- HEADQUARTERSFOR

pounds for each apple. "We, the undersigned, owners 01 -

"The shipments are all made by express orange trees in bearing, within and

at the special. vegetable rate. near proximity to limits of the city of Every one shall have their GEORGIA WATERMELON SEED.

The box for the purpose-each one of Pomona, under the foregoing designation copy. Do not be impatient.
There thousands waiting,
which costs fifty cents-is of peculiar have promised and agreed, one but are re-enforced Nowhere do melons grow to greater perfec-
we are now so tion than In our Immediate vicinity.
construction-an explanation of which with the other, that each member upon in our mailing department eM Seed saved from large, well-shaped! melons.No .

would be of no service as it would discovering any person, without regardto we can send out 6,000 each day. colls.

most likely, not be understood. One station or condition of life, stealing An edition of 85,000 is now in Pure Kolb Gem bas As no a v equal.shipping Can melon supply it

dozen only, are packed in each box, oranges from his or her premises or press. this ha god quanUtlet.: 85 cts.per lb..%- lb.,
30 cu., t.f8Id 51b... and upwards. 60 etl.
pot ;
every pineapple set upright and thus possession, or from the| premises of a per lb. Kol. Gem,55 eta. per lb., It by mall
. carried to its destination, going by co member the theft shall not under add 10 cts. for postage.
I Remember, this is the best Pure Rattle ttnake, Scaly Bark,Sugar Loaf,
steamer to New York in four days. any circumstonces be condoned, but Jones' Florida Favorite, Seminole! $1.00 per
Seedsin lb.,If by mall add 10 cta. postage;}{lb.,35 cts.
Like the oranges, every pineapple is the member or members, if more than Catalogue Vegetable post-paid.

wrapped separately in fine manilla ort one, with such knowledge, shall im this country, and one of Muskmi'on.New. Orleans Market and
tissue paper. mediately file a complaint in writing : Best to our
the best for Flower Seeds. Southern climate. $1.00 per lb.; x lb.,25 cts.
"In the line of fertilizers, cotton with a justice of the peace .having post-paid.

seed meal and salt are now in use ; of jurisdiction, embodying the facts of One copy is sent to any ad- Pearl IMHMt,Amber Cane,
the latter one tablespoonful to each the theft, with name of the thief if FOnge' Crop &<*.? :20 cts.per lb.,or 30 cts.

plant, but of the former two tons per known, otherwise such description ot! dress, free of cost. In order- by mall,post-paid.

acre, in two applications during the person as to readily identify him, with ing from it, you are sure of S panish;, Pea Nuts per 50 baahel.ct. per peck;$l.fJO

rainy season, but otherwise at no prayer that he be apprehended and Chufas.Per lb.,by mail post-paid 30 cts.j
time. A law per pk.;$3.00 per bushel..
particular more recent ex- punished as provided by offeringto

periment consists of the use of nitrateof give evidence under oath verifyingthe All the latest novelties.An Beans.Per.pound,by mallpost-pald,
OOJl ;$tOO per peck.
soda-the plant needs ammonia facts in complaint at any day and immense variety. '
Collosnal, Standard
cotton seed meal has only about eight hour appointed by said justice to that Seeds direct from the grower. Asparagus Roots variety.75 cts.per hundred

pounds of it to the ton, while nitrateof end," etc. ;15.00. per thousand.

soda reaches of The has suffer Palmflf!n Most even and regular in
fully ninety pounds orange grower to New and
When buy seeds growth earliest variety
pure nitre, but at $45 per ton, its cost from the thoughtlessness and cupidityof you ,abe known. $1.00 per hundred.

prohibits its general use. Pure nitre several classes, and there seems to careful of whom you pur Don't fall to write for pricelist.If .
is that form of ammonia which the be an inherent desire on the part of record of yon remit i hy money order,take order on
chase. thirty Mlllen, Georgia.
plant takes up and uses-for ammoniais men, who are too lazy or too mean to .
only a means by which other fertiU :raise their own fruit, to appropriatethat years in the seed business is PHILLIP S. JONES, Seed Grower, .

izing material may be utilized. Ni. of their neighbors. There is a a guarantee of our reliability.. Herndon, Ga.
trate of soda holds by far the most class of tenderfeet, who, when they

ammonia: of any known fertilizer bulk have bought five or ten acres of land, JAMES J. H. GREGORY & SON, The New Tomato !
for Bulk. think that the whole country belongs
"The best and to them and themselves fo From Canada OUGHT to be extra early,and
pineapplesare help
any- Marblehead, Mass. as such Is sent out. The reports of the experimental -
grown; in the shade. In this they thing that comes in the way. These ._.. _H _, stations its speak earlines highly or it, and
retain, by habit, their original preference 'same parties would not dare to do a aumber new. large testify size,to roundness rich productive color and

for they were fund' growingwild similar act if they were at home. freedom from rotPer package, 15 cts; five
FRUIT tor 60 ctll. Yon will find It only In ray ked r
in the dense shade of the great There is another class who are legiti-- catalogue,which will be sent FKEEtoaay-
forests of f Central America mate and steal from the profit ; ziyufjrSJg. AaN bod7. 1
tropical ) .and. rogues he.TH&BLYJlIUUW.wU.RJ.eUa1 J. J.H. GREGORY A SON. ;
Asia.: Hence, .t the protection. cover'' which accrues from the sale: of the '''' .aA arl nanstratedCatalo=lite, Marbie&ead, MI ..., i


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.fi fdE J1 tJ'l'' eI\E\ vines should be broken up at, each will be few and small, mostly not Preparing; the Land for Cotton.

cultivation to prevent the limbs from larger than man's head and it will '
.... a Land intended to be planted in cot-
Peanut Culture In Virginia, throwing out needles and thus wastingthe soon quit bearing. GROWER. ton should be broken assoon: as con-

vitality of the vines in.attempts: to Wlldwood Fla. venient, as this tends to the produc-
Edttor Farmer and Fruit Grower
: .
form nuts the ends of these
at ten- *
The I tion of'a deep and fine seed-bed. If
Virginia peanut is more highly I tacles. The vigor of the plant should Okra for Shipping.Editor .
... valued than those from North Carolinaor I the land is wet or at all liable to flood-
be expended in making and develop- Fanner and Fruitgrower.
ing it should be thrown up into high
Tennessee, because of its size and
ing,well-grown nuts around the Will inform what is
stem. kindly me
you and throw
its beds, so that may dry out
weight and bright clear color. Avery
About August ist to xoth the plantsare the best variety of okra. for: shipping, off the water during the early spring.
t important element for the pro "laid .
be raised
by. to in Florida? What amount
This will enable the planter to get into
duction this
of superior'article is an
Plants from which seed is to be of seeds to an acre, and when shouldit the land much earlier with the harrow
of shell lime and this fortunately
abundance is obtained, from, the- saved ought to be dug before the be planted in this part of Floridafor and cultivator, and insure much bet-

easily frost, withers them much; then let early shipping? Should the podsbe Turn under all the
ter preparation.
seacoast. Many villages in the South-
them be thoroughly dried before they full when shipped? I see
grown and if the
side Tidewater counties have their vegetable matter you can,
arc shocked to prevent the nuts from the New Improved Dwarf recommended
land rich of
kilns for this be, not a good dressing
supplying ar-
necessary being damaged by heating or mo;ding. for a great yield of pods, but farmyard manure will be benefi-
ticle reduced.An. and. the price has been greatly: The main crop is dug about October they are small and the question is if cial to be also plowed down. This

1st to xoth. The plants are rootedout they would be marketable, or as muchso will the and
of shell limeis keep ground upen peimitit
average'application with a plow, and then turned as the large variety? If you will and thus
about to dry out, ensure a deep
1,000 pounds per acre, vary over so as to be bottom side up, in be so good as to give me the desired seed-bed and the Twill feed the
in manure
ing of course, quantity as the crops order that the sun may dry them out information, I will be very thankful. of
the latter its
cotton during periods
have been rotated. It is
usually -
applied thoroughly. They ought to be driedat MRS. J. N. MclRviN.
in connection with seasoned growth after the roots have passed beyond

muck in the row, and well worked in, least one day. North Gainesville. the reach of the fertilizer appliedat
The shock is
made around a stickset [ANSWER BY H. G. HASTINGS.] time. Cotton seed
"but if there has been delay in,securing in the planting may
ground. Care should be
the lime it is applied as,a top dressing taken to lock each vine around the The New White Velvet is the best also now be plowed down to, rot and

along the row. It does almost equally stick the'shock little okra for shipment. Its pods, when become available, though it is preferable -
making a, higher
well this way if there are rains to washit than a man and about the size of a ripe, are white, but. should be pickedas to sell the seed if near enough to

in, assisted by frequent ,stirring ot barrel. They should remain in shock soon as well formed and before they ship cheaply, and to buy cotton seed

the soil. The various brands of com about two weeks, and when taken turn white. II left until they turn meal with the money, to be applied

roercial! fertilizers are also employedwith down the nuts should, be immediately they become stringy. The pods just previous to planting.-Southern

more or less success, generallyat picked off. should be full grown, however. The Planter. ...,
the rate of about 200 pounds to the 'The after it is points in favor of the White Velvetare -' -
peanut comes up, Preserving Fence Posts.
dependent upon fewer contingenciesof its round form, good appearanceand
rows are laid'off from 3 feet to weather than cotton, and is a more size, and that the pods are not Is there any practical way of preserving -

3 feet 9 inches apart,' according to ,the profitable crop; but it is ,a subjectof prickly. fence posts? We are goingto

strength of the land; the guano ,or more frequent depredation than Plant ten pounds of seed per acre do a great deal of fencing this

fertilizer is then deposited in the drill, its rival. Everything in the, world, of Southern grown seed. Plant mid- winter and! would like your sugges

and the lists are then thrown up to 'from an ant to an elephant, from dle of February to middle of March. tions.-J. H. J., Sagauche, Colo.

complete the row. Of course, the .the negro who plantsand. picks it To make success of growing okra the We can only give you the experience

land is supposed to be well and deeply off to the commission merchant who Southern seed must be used. It is of a friend of ours near

pulverized.Some sells for you, considers it a legitimateprey much more satisfactory than the Colorado Springs, who had occasionto

planters make holes for the and eats it without a, scruple. Northern,grown. remove his fence last winter, and
: seed nuts with a "dotter," which is The hands he made some observations which
charge 10, 12 5z, sometimes
simply a wheelbarrow frame and a 15 cents a bushel for picking, Tobacco in St Johns County. may be useful to the enquirer. Thoseset
.: wheel with spokes holes with were decayed
punching no
ostensibly boarding themselves, but The following letter was sent to'the
about eighteen inches apart. There an inch or more in thickness;
the while
really boarding on nuts, in Farmers Alliance Exposition at:Ocala,
is "shoe" aheadof those coated with thick wash of
or scraper running a
planting the seed has to be covered accompanying a specimen of tobacco, :
the wheel level the surface. lime better but
to with roal it from the were preserved, were
tar to protect "Accompanying specimens of FlorIda -
Men follow with nuts, dropping one fox, the mole, the dog and the chap : grown Cuban Tobacco-seed one quite seriously attacked by worms;
or two in each hole and pressing the who drops it. Yet it is a paying cropto year from the original. those posts coated with hot tar were

earth over them with the foot. Various an energetic, industrious farmer.J. "Lost the first seedbed by a high as perfectly sound as when put in the

J improved machines are used by B.V.. salt water tide, making a replant nec- ground; those painted with petro
;, some but this is the "old reliable" leum and kerosene were equally as f
Sussex County Va. essary about April 1st. Crop very late
/ method. i < sound and as good for resetting.Let .
-set out in June and July, even to
On light uplands planting is usually Hints on MelonGrowing.Editor the 15th of July. the posts get thoroughly dry, rand

begun about the first of May, and on Farmer and Fruit-Groweri "Could manure very little in conse- then with a can of cheap kerosene

the lowlands somewhat later, on account From the best information I can ob- quence of heat and drouth, having: and a whitewash brush, give
of danger from frost. It is wellto the lower third of the post, the partto
tain there will be about 200 acres of only heating manures at command.

plant as early,as possible so that, watermelons grown here this year;, With an early start I see that plants of go into the ground, two or three
of the oil, it soak
where is needed it be applications letting
replanting may against i qo\ or thereabout last year-a the largest size are easily attainable,
in each time. Posts treated will
done in time to have the replants ma gratifying increase.It and that here in St Johns a)umy thereis so

ture.; The writer has made good nuts is of the greatest importance that not the slightest reason: for lollowing not be troubled by worms or insectsof

from replanting as late as June 18. the ground should be thoroughly 1 the custom at the Quincy ''tobacco any kind, but will resist decay to

When planting is begun before Mayi plowed for melons. The melon does' farm, of using seed of the third year a remarkable degree. This is prob--

the nuts are usually put.in the not_ seek depth for i\S i\ roots but extension -: for the sake of acclimation, thus losing ably the simplest, easiest, cheapestand
best method of in
ground unshelled to protect, them bet- -it must have room to run. Experienced in quality. preservation

,. ter against any sudden chill in the growers say that the melon's "Enclosed is one hand of fillers of all cases.-Ex.
weather; but when planted 'later the roots are as long as its vines. Be thisas first primings, being my oldest cured,
'..... shelled nuts are used The peanut IS. it may, it is certain that the roots and one bunch wrappers more recently Steal Hemp (Aga a Stealana).

.c very sensitive to cold and wet, and need plenty of room. It is a great cured. The curing will not My first experience was with Sisal

will soon 'rot in the ground if exposed' mistake to coop all the fertilizer up compete for a prize; but shows that a hemp wich I found growing luxuriantly

to these influences. in the space of a hatful right around perfect greenhorn can succeed by upon my place (old Fort Dallas)

After the plant gets up it requires a the hill. It ought, at least, to be perseverance and reading. The FARM. upon Biscayne Bay, at the mouth of

: great deal of moisture, and it is well scattered,all along the drill, the entire ER AND FRUIT GROWER was the only the Miami river. This plaat,at ma-

r to sprinkle land plaster along the row distance from one.hill to the next'thenthe ; instructor I had. turity, I would estimate to have be-

to, assist it in collecting the needed advancing roots can feed on it as "Our people here are anxious to tween forty and fifty leave, from

r element. Replanting should be attended they grow and the plant will be sustained know what price this tobacco will three to six feet long and from two to

to at once, and at the same in the various stages of its bring before going into it. My cropis four inches broad, terminating in a 5

time trim and scrape the'row with a growth, and it will continue to bear not *all cured-enough, to test the sharp, stout brown thorn or prickle.As .

hoe, and cut out the grass,.if any. Iruit the whole season. market. Would be glad and thankful soon as the plant reaches rratu o. '

The after cultivation consists in, an But if all the fertilizer is confined in could we get an expression from youas ity it puts out,from its center, a &te n

<: alternate plowing toward and from the hill it is soon consumed-"a short to its merits. E. T. R. F., about four inches in diameter, web

the-'plants, With hoework"_ accompany horse is soon curried"-the plant is for ,the Farmers' Alliance of Moultrie, grows to the height of from ,fifteen to

ing thk' each time.. .The' ends,of the left without support, and the melons "11.6at. .;.'>11--', twenty: feet, his pknt does aot bios
%.-..* > ; ::, .. .
""" -
; ':, ; ';:' '. .;'.....;-. i ',;- ::"


,,"": -

': ; ,, .:: ; '' :''.'' .' ':.:, '


sow, as is commonly stated, but this fied with the results obtained, that I of all raised ought to be disqualified.A .
st m is covered for about,six feet from LI 1le I t c have begun' the excavation of a new good Silver Wyandotte ought to
/its top with numerous panicles of min- silo, which is to be eighty feet long, bring more money than most any other
which when fifteen feet wide and fifteen feet deep. breed the few
attire plants,. they get to Short pointed articles on domestic subjects considering really good
be from two to three inches long, drop are solicited. Please write on one side of'the This will give mea total silo capacityof specimens in .a flock. There are two
from the stern and take ,root in the paper only,and'address the editor Lawtey. about 500 tons and enable me to types of Golden Wyandottes. We no-
ground. This is the way the plant ,is l largely extend my stock-feeding opera ticed this feature4it Charleston. Therewas
propagated; it sometimes throws off Oxen vs.Mules for Freedmen tions. The forty-five head of cattle one breeder who exhibited birds

suckers or shoots from' the roots, the In 1888 the writer had a small tract now in my barn,make me each month several shades lighter than another;
main plant dying out completely. of fifteen acres of land rented to a 100 cart loads of rich manure, 'fra the males would have light penciling -

I set out a row of these plantsaboutsix negro for $45. A mule was pur grant with ammonia and the promise of with a reddish bay on the breast, while
or eight inches apart, for the dis chased and supplies furnished. The bountiful harvests, while the sheep another was black breasted and little,
made and $ fully half as much more of a still if penciling. Wing coverts and
tance of one mile, for the purpose of negro no corn, only zo any, I
making a hedge;, I, did not:cultivate! worth of cotton. In '89 I sold the richer article. By putting this broad boas nearly black or mahogany: ;
CM I had been told "8that, they, would mule and substituted: cheap yokeof cast on the land, I hope in a few yearsto while the lighter bird would be a bright
grow anywhere, upon the poorest land, oxen; result, five bales of cotton make it yield forty ton of drill reddish bay. An amateur would not
and would take .care of themselves." and a crib of corn. The mule required corn to the acre, or enough to keep take the birds as,one and the same va

The consequence was that I got'a' very corn; the oxen lived on hay, cot-: three large cows in a thriving conditionthe I riety. In this case all depends on
small portion-less than half-of my ton seed and grass. The renter lived year round." I whether the judges conclude the lightor

plants to live; at the end of four years six miles from town, and with no This example of energy, thrift and dark birds nearest to the standar
only a portion of these had reached mule to ride, lived at home. Whenhe progress is worthy of the highest My competition at Charleston'WlS
maturity.I needed supplies, he would send commendation. State Agricultural against dark birds. I breed the light;

discovered afterward that many his 10 year old boy on an ox for .Bulletin. they are certainly handsome: but sufferin

plants of the,Sisal hemp take five and them. In summer you would oftensee i competition. While our bird was
even six years to get their full growth.It the little fellow aboard, with awarded second prize with strong com-
is certainly safe "to say that along bridle on the head and bits in the Poultry, petition and of a different type, it was

the coast in South Florida no crop of mouth of the ox, with a spur on each .....-....- -- ......-... .- more than we expected under the cir
the Sisal hemp will reach maturity in naked foot, a basket of eggs on one Tne International Show. cumstances. All agreed he was the

less than four, years._ arm, holding, with the other an umbrella Editor Farmer and Fruit-Grower: handsomest, and not a few were disappointed
When the plant reaches its full stageof to protect himself from the We had the pleasure of visiting at his not getting first prize.
development, if not cut and used,it sun, jogging on his way to town for Charleston and the great InternationalShow Were I to exhibit again I would select
will die and another four years must his week's supply of meat and meal. of Poultry and Pet Stock, the two, one of each type as nearly alikein
be in for The present year is considered a most latter consisting of pigeons, rabbits, other make up as possible
waiting a,
spent crop. disastrous (one for negro renters, and guinea pigs and dogs This is the I While Wyandottes recorded forty ,
It is repeatedly stated that Sisal almost the only exceptions within the first time since the organization of the I entries, they were a handsome lot of
hemp will grow upon the very poorest limit of'our. observation are the negroes American Poultry Association that 'birds. Those from the far North
lands and requires no cultivation, but who work oxen. Negro farm. they have, come so far south for their showed whiter plumage than Southern
will take care of itself and kill out all birds this noticeable feature in
ing is in a state of evolution. The annual meeting. ; was a
other vegetation. I do not know how exhibit credit the As- all white birds Southern raised. The
first state was a mule, the second an The was a to
it will grow on 'poor lands, as all thatI ox, and for the third we must wait for sociation, and no doubt was a success feathers on the back were all tinged
have ever' seen in Florida was at developments.-Southetn' Live Stock financially. The total number of en- with yellow, caused by long exposure
'Miami and Indian Key,.Knight'sKeyand Journal. tries was i,800. Eleven hundred can to the sun.Ve have'been aiming at

, other islands along the coast, ,-*-< be credited to the poultry department; pure white plumage in Leghorns thest I
which are all extremely fertile., Ensilage in South Carolina.Let the other seven hundred was divided many years, but by fall the yellow will

As to cultivation not being needed, me illustrate by a simple calcu- among pet stock and dogs. The crop out, however white they are in
this is only true where.the land i is so lation : ten acres of good land, well Langshans led in number of entries, the spring. This refers to male birds
very rocky that it is impossible for prepared, tilled and enriched,. will ina i 142 black. Kerby & Smith were there more particularly. One of the handsomest .
enough vegetation to grow to interfere good year give twenty tons per acre with their. White Langshans they also birds in the show, according to
with the plants. Ordinarily it is safeto or 200 tons of green corn in all. From exhibited a pair of Blue Langshans, my fancy, was a Silver Spangled Ham-
calculate that it will take. just as this the farmer can expect 160 tons of or Maltese as they are called burg. We do not know the exhibitoror

much cultivation as any other plant, silage, which will carry fifty head of We admired the White for their we would certainly give his name,
and that four years will have to be cattle from November i to April i, plumage, but there were many of them for we should like to do honor to such
spent in every ,instance before each allowing each a daily maintenance deficient comb, and until they have a bird.. The Hamburgs all varieties
crop can be harvested. A great deal ration of forty pounds ; ten tons of been bred a little longer, we advise numbered eighteen entries, The Hou
of interest has been recently excited in cottonseed meal added to this will amateurs to buy the standard black. dans, Minorcas and LaFleches were

the Bahama Islands, and several com- fatten them A pit, forty feet long, The Buff Cochin was next, with 85 represented. The Indian Game breeds
panies formed for the cultivation of.the :. twenty feet wide and ten 'feet deep, entries, and there were some fine spec. were not out in force-only twenty
Sisal hemp, stimulated, I believe, by will accommodate the crop. But, imens to look at. If you were buying entries, and some very poor specimens.
premiums given by the colonial 'government perhaps, you may say, "Your adviceis fowls for their looks only, and not ex- I presume they are saving their stock
Many small schooners have based upon experience gained elsewhere pecting eggs, you might invest One for the great New York show in Feb
landed at the keys near Key West Can this be done here ?" To specimen weighed 18 pounds-as largeas ruary next. E. W. AMSDEN.

with plants for which 10 cents a dozenis show that it can, 1 need only to point a good sized turkey. These and Ormond. Fla ,Jan.9.1801.)
paid but in view of recent experiment too to stand ((1O BE CONTINUED)
my to the neighboring county, of the Brahmas were lazy up ..
in cultivating and observingthe Aiken, where Mr Henry M. Dibble much of the time. Our March sun in r.
Sisal hemp, the experiment will has been practicing the system recom Florida would have a bad effect on -The overshadowing curse of
end in general financial disaster to mended above since 1885. Last year this class, I fear. Barred Plymouth America today is monopoly. He ,
those who engage ,in it.DR.. J. V. he wrote; "Twenty-five steers were fed Rock, entries 68. E. B. Thompson, puts his hands on every bushel of
HARRIS, in Government Bulletin. this ensilage, and it was the the winner of the Vanderbilt prize in wheat, every sack of salt, every sack
.. upon of flour and ton of coal, and
4. only rough food given them. Over the New York show last February, every
this cottonseed meal- was there, and won first prize on cock, not a man, woman or child in America
"The Amencan Girl's restorativesays was sprinkled
feels the touch of this
( the L. and C. JExpress) is qui five pounds to a large steer, less to a with a score of 954, I believe. AMr. but His is made mon-
nine. She catries it in the form of smaller one. On the first, day of A. E. Shaw, a Southern breeder, eyed of despotism.the iron track sceptre of railroading
all out
all the steers were taken from came out ahead on pullets over
'ornamental bottle
pills in an cutglass January,
wire of He
and the telegraphy. proposes -
with a gold stopper. It has quite their stanchions and weighed. Duringthe Northern competitors.All have his
of to everything own
superseded morphia and strychnine month of January, the entire; lot, four Wyandotteswere
and thepeople's
and for his own advantage
in force some way,
: there very
lozenges. If she is tired shakes twopills and there were some very poor ones He stands in the
birds and awfully robbery.
if in a draught one if hungry, them, made an average gain of creditable some poor
; ; among in the Silver Laced railroad depot and puts into his pocket
four or five; and if her feet get wet, fifty-seven pounds, some gaining ones, especially the
each $2,000,000 beyond reasonable
April variety. Some were plumageand year
ten are the correct number. Each much as ninety pounds. By lor his vices. He
charge set
deficient in shape others grand
pill contains two grains. Six are a cure they were in prime condition for ; controls nominations and election"
and ,
for indigestion. The -quinine bottle butchering and when sold, two weeks and true Wyandotte shape, mossy
elections State elections. He..
city ,
and black all run together.
is produced on all occasions and in later, brought the highest market .
few breeders who make has the Democratic party one
all sorts of places." There is great ex- price." He adds: "I am now feed- There are very and the in the
I be pocket Republican
head of cattle a success of Silver Wyandottes.
ageratkm here ;" 20 grains of quinine ing ensilage to forty-five
Rev. T. Je
cent. other. Talmage.
constitute.a truly heroic dose. and 160 sheep, and am so well satis- lieve I am safe saying 90 per


_ -----':.> .. <-.L. -- .- _E,_ .,-.i,_ lr _" ,: ._ .... -.. ,JL... .,. a <. --*.-'. .h,.* .> ..-t.... i


,. _
"'o-; -

We hope none of our readers will ing seven companies operating within I I and the edification of the human race.

fflOrUDA HSPATCH or-GROWER follow the advice of that eminent au, the county borders. There is also an We should,rejoice to see a fine templeto
1 excellent collection of 1' ricultural and Terpsichore and the Muses, or
IT R'H'EI1!( rARMRSAIUANtI 1 thority (for the North) Joseph Harris, fashionedout
a b uk ... horticultural products. even a good gymnasium,
, CWO4UDATUAMUAXV.. .tut, and use nitrate of soda on their straw- V. O. Spencer & Co., of Lake of the Sub-Tropical, and we bespeak -

-- berries. If they do, they will be extremely Worth, have a single cluster of cocoa- for Secretary Adams a control-

r FEBRUARY 5, 1891. I likely to hear from their commission nuts, on the branch just as they were ing place in the executive departmentof

".STEPHEN POWERS, Editor. merchants that unwelcome plucked from the tree, numbering whatever may be organized of this
and at least character as a successor to
forty-one nuts weighing possible
P O Address, LAvrley, Fla. in
"received bad order soft
_. report, institution. But the
-i.- seventy-five pounds.Dr. the present spectacle -

.: Advertising that Pays. mouldy, rotten." Nitrate of soda will F. 'V. Inman, of Winter Ha. of a high class band discoursingrich

It,,"1 cheerfully endor.e your paper, giving make an admirable growth of foliagein ven, Polk county, displays a cotton and mellow music over some

M my reasons for doing so, the fact that I ad- the fall or early winter, but it, is plant; .presumably of more than oneyear's dozens of boxes of unclassified Granges

verthed In It for one jrcar, and during that the plants need now to develop growth, which is twelve feet and a few wilted and drooping turnipsis
potash ,
time I received mora replies from my ad- I high and has a spread of eighteen feet. a spectacle to make the judicious
vertUement In the DISPATCH than from the fruitfulness and render the fruit firm
W. S. Ryall of Auburndale same grieve.
publication. An ,
advertisement In any other ._
and of a good s ipping quality. *H >
has a cluster of cassava roots
accurate record of replies snd'ourees,as well county, Work for February-
as causes, was kept, and therefore this fctate- > of huge proportions.
ment,voluntarily made, Is aulhorltallv*, so A ,number of the heaviest truck Dr. J Thomasson, of Gotha, ex- Throughout and, Gulf Florida States and February the South is very Atlantic

far as I am concerned. Wishing you deserved farmers around Gainesville, includingJ. hibits fruits which are hybrids between important month lor the trucker and gardener -

success, I. am,truly yours WM.CANNON." S. Brown, O. T. Cannon, D. S. lemons and oranges, showing the also for the tobacco planter. All

Agent for all the Disston Companies aud Wroten, C. W. McDonald, D. W. L. danger in permitting these two related North vegetables and intended West should for shipment be planted to the as
South Fla. R R., KlsslmmeeKla.. trees to grow in close proximity. Someof
F. C. Crown and soon as the season will safely admit.
Barton J. Alsop, J.
the fruits almost lemons
.' are some Peas, snap beans, tomatoes, musk and
Publications Received. H. Crown report their cabbage crop are almost oranges, 'others are shaded watermelons cucumbers, etc., must be

Catalogue of Americas Grapevines# ; Geo.SJosselyn damaged by the recent cold (from the variously between. planted at the earliest possible day.
,Fredonla,N.Y. IRISII POTATOES.-Plant, or replant if
The of kaolin from River-
r Seed catalogue (J. J. H Gregory, War le- half of one per cent. up to two per necessary. Cover the pieces deep, say
side, Lake county, and the majolicaware two inches at first, then two more, and
head, Mass ),together with a liberal pack ego cent.Ir.. C. A Colclough reports
manufactured from it at Peeks of that will be all the better
.of assorted seeds, which we will gtv as a two on top ;
premium for one new subscriber., five to ten per cent., owing to the fact kill, New York, are extremely inter adding each fresh entering as they begin
U. S. tgrlculture; Expert- that his cabbages are partly planted on esting. to come through. Even then they should
t not be hilled or ridged when the covering
meat"Toe Station Writer Record for January.magazine for "wood land," as it is sometimes called, The man who has lived in Florida is finally done. If the land is go damp
; a monthly
literary worker;, Bo"'tou.' Mass that is, reclaimed or muck land composed all his life can learn something here; and cold that it needs ridging, it is not fit
how much more then the total for Irish potatoes. See that there is
Flor-ida almost entirely of vegetable and of potash in the manure given to
and Alabama; Julius Scbnadelbacb, stranger 1 I'Ve doubt if another such a
wdbd fiber. Frost does them, and when you have given them
Grand Day, Ala more injuryto comprehensive and prodigal
outpour. enough it will probably be best to givea
-S S* vegetation on such land than on ing of the products of Florida is gotten little more; only you must be carefulnot

Will "Corporal ?Murdock", kindly sandy soil. The Gainesville truckersare together the next decade. to burn the plants. February is the
The of the Expositionhas best month for planting potatoes, unlessit
.,:give us his real name, not for publication now planting beans and cucumbers been management somewhat loose and unbusi-- may be in lower South :Florida. By

but as a guarantee of good faith. the latter in relays every five havingthe land level, if a frost is threatened -
ness-like the
to being
up present a light furrow-slice can be turned
t days. From a,source which we deem unequal to the heavy strain put, uponit !over the plants quickly cohering them

\ ., Will l any manufacturer of agnail trustworthy we learn that the damageto by the magnificent offerings of the out of harm's way.
implements ''rIse and tell the people. But a satisfactory readjustment GARDEN VEGETABLES.-Transplant
up tomato and cucumber plants on the cabbage lettuce, cauliflower etc., and if
irritated farmerwhy he does not make east side of Apopka Lake, on muck has been made, putting the es- cutworms are troublesome pin a piece of
tablishmerft on a sound working basis, stiff paper snugly around each plant
bolt heads ?
square land, was from 50 to 60 per cent.; and this noble representative gather- two inches high and reaching a half inch

t I about Minneola, 25 to 50 per cent.; on ing of the natural wealth of Florida is down into the ground. Or, use the pa-

Did you wrap your' young orange Grand Island, 60 to 75 per cent. to be kept together six week, longer.See drich per frames a few issues recommended back, or the by Arctic Mr. vegetable Al-

trees this winter, or did you have them Most of the truckers, however, had a premium list in "Our Rural hills of Colonel McDonald, of
frozen' down again? Nature puts Home" department. Eustis, also mentioned in our paper about
sufficient of still in
reserve plants
two months ago. The idea that cut-
broom grass here for your express use. to replant at once._' The SubTropical.We worms can be trapped in holes or under
I t I leaves or,boards to any paying extent is
'A Californian in South Florida have watched and waited for fallacious. + -
The Farmers' Exposition.Few some time for the swelling of the These frames also protect tender plants
writing home to a friend in Riverside, people who have not witnessedthe Nile, but the fertilizing waters have from! cold blighting winds or frosts.

says: "If Florida ever gets a full crop display at Ocala have any just con not descended. The Ocala Exposi 3r, cover lightly with moss, removing
in weather. Throw bank
pleasant a
(of oranges) we may expect to take ception of its magnitude. Mr. Cash tion has been an immense body with running east and west and plant up on the

much lower prices than have been Thomas, the Superintendent, informsus out any head to speak of, while the south slope tomato melon or cucumber
that there were sixteen carloads of Sub Tropical has been all head but no seeds, so that the young! : plants may have
realized. for several years. exhibits brought into the building the body. Secretary Adams has worked )protection from chilling winds. Sow
I e4 radishes and spring and
We would call attention'to the advertisement first day, and between thirty and forty like a Trojan, and has accomplished turnip, Swiss chard and Kohlrabi.purple top.

of Messrs. & carloads in all. Pasco county alone wonders with the limited means at his Sow, for succession, lettuce cabbage
Osgood has sent seven carloads, and has re command in the way of music and and early cauliflower; if the season is
Thompson, Binghamton, N. Y. scale ceived the first premium for: a diversi- entertainments ; but he has not been favorable, and the month of April not;

manufacturers. All parties wishing to fied display, although the horticultural l seconded by the people of Jacksonville too Cauliflower dry the latter and may cabbage succeed.plants should t'

purchase U. S. standard scales woulddo exhibit of Lake county stands \Yit4..a. financial backing of substance be transplanted; shallots divided and setout

well to send a postal for their illustrated unsurpassed.In or" by the people of the State again.
previous visits we found little or with agricultural and horticultural Sow sorrel, parsley and cress.
catalogue. nothing from Madison but it displays. Peas of all kinds can be planted especially -
O ." the early varieties. The late kinds
has now several notable articles, *nc We beg to suggest to the managers should be sown in January, but they
Census Superintendent Porter withheld of which is corn harvested in 1889 that: its present bizarre and heterogeneous may be planted during this month.

the salary of R. ,B. Leak, the and still almost unharmed by the character is a serious handicap Plant six inches deep.

census enumerator of Lee ,county, because weevil. An interesting exhibit tostockbreeders upon the prosperity of the Sub- Herb seeds should be planted; tender
best in frame and
he,reported only ten deaths in a is the sample of. cottonseed tropical Exposition. It ought to be varieties into the sown open groundaflerwards.a trans-

out of a population of He oilcake, made at Madisonby either a riding-school], a circus, skating Asparagus foots should be planted;
year, 1,475.- the, Florida Manufacturing Com rink, or a place for various spectacular this f is the proper month to sow the seed
wrote to him "at the usual rate in pany. and musical entertainments; or or this vegetable.Plants .

your locality there should be about The promises and possibilities, together else it ought to be a display of agri. In the hot-bed will require attention -
; give air when the sun shines, 1
twenty deaths reported from your dis with the actual achievements! cultural, horticultural and mechanical and the weather is pleasant. If too

trict." But the enumerator was obliged of Walton county in the cultivationof products-one or the other. There is thick, thin out so they may become
deciduous fruits will receive our a time to sing, there is a time to dance; sturdy. '
1' to reply that, after diligent search, hecould special attention at another time. we have the highest Scriptural warrant Bush beans can be commenced with

net find the corpus delicti, the Citrus county has ,over ,two, .hun. for fiddling and dancing-at the: this month may be; cucumbers tried, as,.squash they often and melons suc-

c Bother tea., ? :.. ,': dred samples of phosphates, represent ,proper time-to the top of our bent ceed; if protected by small boxes, as

j ......... g


,_ Y -

I .1 .

.' \ ': .. :z'"

most gardeners protect:them, there is no to come on rapidly, and planting should the old stocks will be out of the way and BOSTON MARKET. .
risk at all. Plant a succession every not be delayed. If the weather is dry prices begin to move upward.We -
five days, for a relay in case of frost. and warm, plant late in the evening; do not recommend the resumption BOSTON,Jan.29,1891.
Corn can be planted toward the end of water well and mulch. shipments yet, but are obtaining the highest Snow&: Co sold at auction January 29, SOS:>

this month. For market, the Adams Orange trees in grove and nursery will possible price for that we are receiving now boxes, at prices ranging from $1.6lM(?2.e.
Extra Early] and Early White Flint are now need attention, but the grower Yesterday fancys brought 1202.50: ; brigbts H.Harris<&: Co. sold as follows,on Friday, .

planted. we recommend the sugar varieties should not be in a hurry to slash away In best counts, 176 to2CO,$l.75@2; large fruit( January 23: Florida oranges, $1.5033.(5 per
for family use, they are just as all the twigs and limbs that may seem good quality, $1.500190( ; off sizes in rough box; navel oranges: tl.6'l}#3.3i1A; grapefruit

large as thdse mentioned, .and Stoweirs injured. Wait .a bit. Where the injury stock,lower; russets brought very nearly or $2@3.25; Tangerines, 'fi.ej per box and
Evergreen is as large as any variety isreal: it will presently become manifest; quite as much as brights, e especially in desirable $$3.253302 per half-box; Mandarins\ $I 60

grown.MangelVurzei. V then will be time for pruning. Theyare sizes; Tangerines, 4154.80: Mandarins per half box.
: and sugarrshould learning in California faster than we 1.252; navels, $1.4032-50; grape H.Harris&: Co sold as follows, on Tuesday,
be sown in this month for stock. are the lesson the Angl$-Saxon race has fruit, 12.5l3.60.( JaDuary.27: Florida oranges! 81.25$3.25( per

SWEET POTATOES. Make a large, been slow-to learn to let an orage tree box; Tangerines, $3.50 per box; Tangerines,
rich mellow bed and put out of, alone. The Secretary of the State Horticultural $1.1t 0: S1H per half-box; Mandarins, $2124

sweet potatoes for "draws. The Nan- Society, Air. B. :H. Lelong, has REPORT BY G. S. PALMER. per box; Mandarin,62}!c(3f( L75 per half box;
semond is an excellent kind for Florida, pronounced against the open-top systemof navel oranges,f2.PJtU.25: per box.
but its vines are so long and slender that prunning. NEW YORK, Jan. 80,1891.'
they are not so suitable for planting as Now that in many places the leaves of Receipts of oranges show some slight fallIng r

the short stocky vines of the Providence orange trees have dropped off the tips of off; yet are fully adequate to the demands REPORT BY P. M. KIELY & CO.
and some other kinds are, hence a plenty the limbs, the grower should apply at of the trade, and although an early Improve-
should be bedded out to give plants. once some insecticide wash to remove the ment la prices is anticipated. at present ST. Louis,Jan.31, 1891..
Slips or pieces of vines will not root wellif scale. We have often given a formulafor there is no material change. Desirable lines, Strawberries ara so very abundant in California -
the weather should be dry and hot. a good one; see back numbers. running mostly of preferred sizes, 17a and at present that they are looking for
The Early Golden is also a fine variety, Toward the end of this month the cultivator 200, are held with more confidence, choice some market that will take them by the car-
a little earlier than the Nansemond and ought to be started in the grove brtfhts selling at 92,75$3 and russets 12.50@ load-something very difficult to find at

perhaps larger, though the Nansemond with the prong-hoe as a supplement di- 2.624) ; rights in lines, mixed counts, $2.50; present. The berry grower who has to seek
is hard to beat in this regard when properly rectly under the tree, giving the surfacea russet,12.25. Large coarse fruit can only be markets 1,000 to 3,000 miles away,and especially -
cultivated. The Golden' is not of very light scratching. It is nowise : sold at a liberal concession from above prices., at this time of the year,cannot discover
ep a yellow as the Yellow likely] that we shall have a March\ blizzard Grape fruit is tn demand and will sell readily much inducement to pant extensively) in

Nansemond.FARM as we did last year. A good spring on arrival, if choice, at $1.50(35( a bbl ; Tangerines : that section. Th prospects for him under

CROPS.-Get aj] 'ready to plant growth is worth more than all the rest of $4@i( a box; Mandarins,$2.it 3. such circumstances are not very bright.An .
cotton. Take great paWfcto bum up or the season, unless one has an irrigating Very few new Southern vegetab'es: coming Arizona party wrote to P M. Kisly ACa.
cut thoroughly to pieces all the old plant to keep up a sustained growth forward; choice beans selling $5@6 per crate; one day last week wanting to know If they

stalks, whch! if left too long, will be through the late spring drouth.IN peas,2.504; beets,11.5"1.75; tomatoes, 2@ could dispose of strawberries and vegetables
switched about cultivation. and give THE VINEYARD.-We hope no one 3; cucumbers, $5:5150.: New cabbage of good by the car-load In April. This startling news
will neglect the admonition we gave last comes from a quarter wholly unexpected,but
the young plants the "sore shin. Lay quality and solid heads will realize $33.50per
in a good stock of kainit as a preventiveof : month as to the necessity of pruning the bbl. it indicates that Arlzonlans are going
It is that vine fifteenor
grapevine. a
into budness.Slowly
rust. Cotton and cane, in this warm,
moist, stimulating climate, need potash twenty feet long, if generously fed, -- but surely the heathen Chinese are
will fruit the entire and
(which is the valuable clement in kainit) length rejoicethe eating their way into every branch of tradeon
to keep them free from disease, just as heart of the grower; but the next year NEW YORK AUCTIONS.The the Pacific coast,the lat to be invaded
live stock need common salt to preserve he will be disappointed. He may count "Fruit Trade Journal" reports the following being thA floral trade fir the principal cities
them in health. Too high stimulationwith himself fortunate to save even its life, : th re The florists of Han Frarclsro, an4
and thereafter it will be of little there are a great of them
very account E. Goodsell sold this week as follows: many occupyingstores
rich nitrogenous manures lay plants
on the prlncpal thoroughfares, look
if It is essential to
liable to rust and other fungous diseases any. just as Monday-Grape fruit,S2.15@2..28tanc7( ; navels, with dismay upon what the Chinamen have
which prey readily on rank, soft vegeta- prune the vines under ordinary field con- $1.25; navels, $3.40; FUrlda oranges, brights, accomplished already, and they" that
ditions it is to must Rive to the method and
every year as plant gar they soon! way
russets L62.40: *
tion. fl.4033.05: ; golden $ ; rn
den seeds iu the spring. competition of th*Mongolians. Ano'heroneo
Sugar! cane and cassava may be plantedthis sets, $1.6032.83; fancy brights, $1.95@:.95; : the leading professions is doomed, and the
month in South Florida, though: it 1- 1 brights, unwrapped, U. @2.0). Wednesday man who has grown up there in the trade

may' be a, little too early in West Flor .THE MARKETS. -Grape fruit, $1@32U; navels, $4.20 condition must find of other the occupation business of The growing deplorable vegetables -

ida. 4.30; Florida cranges, fancy brights, $I 65 : on the coast suggest! what they can
Hake up your mind to try a small @2.75; brights. 11.10@2.85; russets, $1.4v@ make of any railing. after they have taken
patch'of Para grass or Japan clover or Quotations for Florida Fruits and 2.85; golden russets, $12532.50. Friday V at hold every of iAt place of Los any Angeles importance for Ins the ante China!' and

both, as an experiment; but do not Graps fruit,brights, $3.20; fancy navels$4 30 man calls bright and early) at the door of
plant [the Para grass anywhere where Vegetables. @4.35; Florida oranges, brights, LSO@310; every private family and otht"rs.ot' delivershis

you will want the land for cultivated REPORT BY FLORIDA FRUIT EXCHANGE. golden russets, $11C@2; bright russets, (fresh half-bushel crisp! ,and basket"dripping of assorted with dew vegetables," for the,
crops or sow the Japan clover iii a groveor $2.35; russets, $I.90235; fancy brights, $1.65 small snm of ten cent This knocks out the
orchard. JACKSONVILLE, Feb. 3, 18'1. (26i. white man completely and permanently.A .
This.is a proper time for sowing Japanese As intimated in the last Bulletin of the Messrs.Sgobsl & Dsy,agents Florida Fruit gentleman from Southern California,
in Florida writes home to the uRlver-
Florida Fruit the few now ,
.buckwheat; try a few rows of it -for Exchange past days Exchange, sold for week ending January, side Press:'*
bee-pasture and chicken feed. have shown a decided tendency toward im as follows: "If the i"owersorCallomll\bold themselves -
Latest t telegraphic advises from and pull together they will
L.v Most Floridians to provement. MOKDAT. 263 boxes at $2 1.60. steady
seem, 80@
s.- pre- oranges
all markets under realite good fair price"<< ,and they need to. for
fer plenty of trees and bare ground underneath points report stronger TUESDAY.-619 packages oranges, 'Tan- if Florida ever gets; 8 full crop we may expect -
close about thn house. This light receipts ,and fair weather. Sales since gerines and Mandarins. Boxes oranges. $2.65 to takA much lower prices than have
report averaged only $1.19!), mostly large'sizes been realized for several! yearn."
the of vermin
probably prevents ,, @1.35; half-boxes Tangerines, $1,624; half- Oranges In St. Louis are moving much
and frosted fruit.
but we doubt the healthfulness of it. some boxes Mandarins, $231.25.WEDKESDAY.3,000packages. more freely but at price that thow:no
Wide verandas for shade, a tight plastered Markets are rapidly improving and the oranges!,Tan- profit as ormpared: with figure which they
house to exclude vermin and a bit current week will surely show a raise In prices are held in Florida. 1 he bulk of the sales of
gerines and Mandarins Boxes oranges, S3.1J
desirable I'lzellljO to 2CO, at l2. 75
are lJtJ'2(
If the weathercontinues favorable.The .
of close-shaven lawn about the house, 1.40; half-boxes Tangerines, $2 95@2 15. while the larger sizes 93 to 128,are $fet'oox
would seem to be a better arrangement Exchange recommend steady ship FRIDAY.-400 packages oranges,Tangerinesand (( all round ments but would not advise a rush.It the Eastern market More or le"s now
Mandarins. Boxes orange, $2 25@l.f2K;
have to be repacked to make the stock -
Plenty humus and plenty of water 1* estimated that between six and seven half-boxes Tangerines, J2.5i@2.05; half boxes. or saleable. No green Bluff yet presentable from
'_' are highly essential for the maintenanceof hundred thousand boxes yet remain to be Mandarins, $210@,1.05.REPORT Florida. New Orleans cabbage; t2.6();$2 75
a good lawn, but even in the worst marketed. crate. No strawberries yet from Florida,although -
sand the Bermuda may be made to hold Not; one box cf this should net len than $2 -- we have some-inquiry for them.

the sand down, even if it does not look on the trees: and if properly handled by the
very green and inviting in winter. If it shippers the results are sure to be satisfactory BY REDFIELD & SON.
is dry and hot set the Bermuda cuttings The Exchange still advises to hold on to the PHILADELPHIA, Jan. 29,1891.
ia the bottom of furrows six inches deep; large coarse fruit as long as p jsilble. The With continued liberal receipts of Florida CHICAGO,Jan.26,1891.
as soon as these begin to grow the fur- class of fruit *ill do fairly well about March market is largely overstocked, OR.A1GKS-Were quotably; quiet. They
oranges were the came as Saturday; tn point of value.
rows can be filled up gradually and the 1st. particularly with tame and und s>rable sizes, Choice malt and sound fruit firmly held, but
Bermudawlllcome right up- through with Quotations remain unchanged since last re- and notwithstanding the cut in prices the demand ordinary stockholders are very willing to sell.
the persistence of an Irish potato. port. Outside price for strictly fancy, 176 to continues very light, and none but the |2 Florida B..23, desirable box sizes, bright: and choice,
Strongly rooted stocks will come u\\ 200 size, is 12.2532 73. We per sound but 2. )
finest gilt ed through three inches of sand. Tangerines and Mandarins are in better de- follows: per box.
If the situation is not too dry and mand and slightly I increased figures. Tan- quote you Klorid'a,large r ugh,common.1232.25.
selected, 178 to 00, box at
bright per
Fancy Florida,unsound and frosted, L75&25.
V sandy, send to some of the Florida: seeds gerines, $336; Mandarins.: $233.50; grapefruit 33.50; choice bright, 176 to 210; ,$2.62 2.75; Florida Tangerines cases of two boxes
men who advertise in our columns and ,|2.f 0 3.5d. choice to fancy brights, 146 to 150,2.jJ2.75(()( ; quotable at S3#)@J50 for common to choice.
get a package of mixed lawn grasses. Regular boxes$3.6Y 4.50.
CUTTINGS.-Fig cuttings should be set choice to fancy brights, 126 to 124,Sl.75g2.25; Florida grape fruit slow at $$2/033,25<. perbox.
93 to 112 $1.50 choice .
choice to fancy brigbts, ;
out where the trees are intended to remain HOME MARKET REPORT. In filling orders fine selected fruit sells for
The to fancy russets, 176 to :200,$L25c&2u0; choice
and be
never transplanted. better than abov prices.
best time to take off the cutting is just JACKSONVILLE, Feb 4.1S9L to fancy'mussets,146 to 150, S2"325; choice to Va'encla' cases are nelllng at ttJWZ'' .
when the old trees show signs of startingthe There is a decidedly bettor' outlook In the fancy russets, 126 to 128, $1.75@2: choice to Meft SOU at$2252.73.and double" o" at $21W4233.:
96 to 112 2531.k'{.: choice to
growth. Cuttings uf the grape, orange market. Yesterday's auction sale fincy russets, ; PINEAPPLES fair supply.' Th..Y MI
pomegranate, rose, LeCnnte pear, etc., was one of the heaviest of the season and, fancy Tangerines, $1.60@5.tO; choice to fancy slowly at$I UK t1 tvr dozen. Extra hug" and a
should! be set without delay, Shade well while prices show no great Improvement, the Mandarins, $2.5003) ; choice to fancy grape choice STRING sell' BKAKS at$-3..5()-@\7s.Florida choice fresh heldat r

and. water judiciously, not soppingly. market is stronger than for ten days past. fruit$2 2532. 0. 3.50$4 for btmhel boxes Wax in 1't ib.
ORCHARD AND GROVE.-loung orange Desirable Iota were rapidly taken et. top prices There' are but few vegetab'es? arriving and Dotes held at 11.50.T01fA.T1U.CaUtomla.
trees still be transplanted also given. prices nominaL We strongly advise our :20 lb. boxes, 1.50
may ,.ro, to Florida 10 Ib. .
according quality. :
not to ship anything but 1(
all deciduous trees which are stir in a As the feeling hero Indicates there Is a shipper ?>oXefl,Sl@I.Zate* slow all round. Home
dormant condition. We have had so healthier condition In the orange market choice stock and nearly) all ripe at the time of I r tooatoee are In poor order and will not. bring V

much steady cold that trees will be apt throughout the country. In a few more day shipping. V : the quotations. "_... 4f





.;-' '. ,,: .... .-, ,, .
;' : .

country homes, along highways and pod of seed to be found. If I need together than twelve or fifteen inches.In .
l1a.fdell and Lawn, in the lawn, not forgetting, mean- seed next spring I know where these poorer soil they may stand closer.

.- --....- while, to set Bermuda grass under the came from and will order the same -Floral Instructor.

Some Troublesome Florida Weeds trees. again they are Childs' Giant Excelsiorand

-No. 9. MRS. JENNIE PERKINS. Imperial German, the very best,

[j. H. SIMPSON, MANATEE.] to be depended on after a three

Sonchus ohractus (Sow Thistle, MilkWeed Jamaica Sorrel. months' siege, in sowing, transplanting ;I DON'T' GIVE U'

). This is an annual plant, dltor Farmer and Frult-Orower and care to this date, July Verbenas
naturalized from It The Jamaica'Sorrel is certainly a revel in hot sunshine, but are
Europe. grows acquisition to Florida where acid much The use of Ayer's Sarsaparllla. One bottle
great benefited and improved
by a
from two to four feet The
high. may not cure "right off" a complaint of
leaves are alternate, deeply pinnatifid, fruits, for cooking, are often very heavy mulch of very old, well-rotted years; persist until cure is effected. As a
the terminal lobe deltoid. When cut scarce or not to be had at all. It manure, that from a two year-old hot- general rule, Improvement follows shortly
grows as readily as okra or cotton, and bed being the best. By oldI after beginning! the use of this medicine.
it exudes a milky juice. The flowersare With many people, the effect is immediately
yellow and borne in heads. Plant every man who has a home should see mean that it should have rotted an noticeable; but some constitutions are less
smooth and that is that his family has a good supply.It extra winter after it was removed from susceptible to medicinal influences than .
very glaucous; covered others,and the curative there-
has been in valu. hot bed this process may,
suggested it
your brings to a crumblystate
with a bloom or powder that C 1n ; fore,in such cases, be less prompt. Perseverance -
be rubbed off. Keep the plants from able paper as a substitute for cranber-' just right for a mulch, and will in using this remedy is ,sure of its
seed. ries, which ate so difficult sometimesto benefit any plant during a hot summer reward at last. Sooner or later, the most
going to
Ipomcea QuamodiCypress( Vine). procure when needed. where they are exposed to the full sun stubborn blood diseases yield to

This is a naturalized twining annual, I While at Tarpon Springs, In 1889, Lawn mowings are often used as a Ayer'sSarsaparilla.
with finely pinnatifid leaves and red I I saw it growing at Gov. Safford's mulch; they answer very well provided

flowers half an inch in diameter. It place, where it occupied a corner of they have been spread out to dry, as
his extensive grounds perpetuatin! itself when used damp and green they burn
in and other cultivated -
grows orange groves
bv the matured seeds in
grounds where it has a sowing anything they touch and destroy more
got the soil, which sprang up and grew than they help.-Mayflower. "For several years, in the spring months,
foothold. The vines several feet
1 used to be
grow troubled with a drowsy,tired
like native weeds. I also tasted
in length, twining around everythingin a sample rS feeling, and a duil aln in the small of my
their? often running into the of the jelly made from it, which I Phlox Drummondii. back, so bad, a 0Khes, as to prevent my
way, considered to being able to walk,the least sudden motion
strawberry jellyor Of all the flowering plants that
of trees. As they usually
tops orange causing me severe distress. Frequently,
spring up during the rainy season and syrup, and an excellent substitutefor grace our gardens, and beautify our boils and rashes would break out on various
the cranberries. It was then the mid. homes I know of none that sur parts of the body. By the advice of friends
as vines are twining they cannot
dIe of November but the and my family physician, I began toe use ofAyer's
plants were passes the Phlox Drummondii for continuity
well be mowed. should be
Sarsaparilla and continued it till the
t cull of flower buds in all of
of bloom and and
stages brilliancy
closely watched and every vine pulledup my blood was thoroughly eradicated. -
before there is danger of the growth, and the cook gathered a three variety of coloring. Every conceivable ."-L.W. English, Montgomery City, Mo.
any vessel full of those in "My system was all run down skin
a proper color and tint, from the purest ; my
seed If treated this
maturing. rough and of
way yellowish hue. 1 tried various
state for making jelly. It is one of the white to the deepest scarlet and
when it makes its appearance it may pur- remedies,and while some of them gave; me
be destroyed. many plants that has a great future ple, is embraced in this species of temporary relief,none of them did any per-
before it in South Florida. flower, at once so showy and so deli manent good. At last I began to take
hcdcracca and / commutata
Ipomata Ayer's Sarsaparilla, continuing it exclusive
(Morning Glories) are ,often found infields MRS. JENNIE S. PERKINS. cate. All of the bright colored varieties ly for a considerable time, and am pleased
as noxious twining vines. j 871 Mulberry St., Macon, Ga. such as carmine, violet, rose, to say that it completely

Ipomcta Bona-nox (Moon Flower, . scarlet, yellow, etc., have a white Cured Me.

Good Night). This is a rank perennial Mulchin51."Great eye ; while the pure white blossomhas
vine in rich hammock expectations" often come to a purple eye.Ve have them also 1 presume my liver was very much out of
growing order
the blood In
grief from want of a little thoughtfulcare. beautifully striped. Its hardy nature impure consequence.
land in South Florida. The leavesare 1 feel that I cannot too highly recommend
very variable even_ on the same It is not enough that our flower and vigorous habit makes the phlox Ayer's Sarsaparilla to any one afflicted $9; I
vine, varying from cordate acuminateto seeds are bought of a reliable dealer, less susceptible to bad effects from un: vras."For"-Mrs.N.A.Smith, Glover,Vt.
years I suffered from
scrofula and
three-lobed or hastate. The floweris or that they are properly planted and favorable location or unskillful treat blood diseases. The doctors' prescriptionsand

large, white, with 'a long slender successfully grown to be established ment than are most plants; and in its several so-called blood-purlflers being of
tube and in the evening. Whenit plants in the garden beds. No, in. culture ordinary care will be liberally no avail, I was at last advised by a friend to
try Ayer's Sarsaparilla. I did ,and
deed, this is not enough, as all rewarded by a most dazzling display so now
gets into cultivated ground it is a feel like a new man, being fully restored to
terrible pest, as it grows from cuttingsand be lost by a "forget" in watering, throughout most of the summer and health."-C.N.Frink, Decorah Iowa.Ayer's .

seeds. Grub up the' root and keeping well weeded, properly tied autumn months. And yet, while\ it

pile the whole plant to dry on fences. up and, cut back. does not really insist upon the bet: of Sarsaparilla

stumps.- I have seen shoots pulled But you: say, "I have faithfully done soil, or most careful culture, its great PKIPARID" BT

off bloom right along for four or five all these things and yet my Pansies, beauty surely renders it worthy of DR. J, C. AYER & CO Lowell Mass;'
and Phlox Drummondii both and if should ,
if Asters and ; ,not be neglected,
days. Keep it off the ground
pos .
Bold by Druggist* .1.1%.5. Worth$5 a bottle
sible. others suddenly droop, turn yellow, or planted in anything poorer than
PS g looking as if scorched." This may good garden soil. The better the soil

PlantingShad& Trees. be due to the ground aphis, as I, too, and culture the greater will be the
Editor farmer and Fruit-G rawer: have had to fight this terrible pest this growth and the more perfect the flow Day Line--St. Johns River

I hope that arbor day was well observed season ; if so a copious watering on Eicept Sunday

in Florida, and that the next the roots"with tobacco tea will put. a ers.This is one of the plants that comes RTE ELIZA HAXCOCK leaves Jack'onville
decade will witness the spread of many stop to its career using enough to fairly true from seed, so that in plant- foot Main' bt.at 2pm.for tlbernta.Mag .nlla>! ,
P.cjlata. ,
Green Cove Bering Kedeiai Print,
branches of flourishing ,shade trees thoroughly saturate the soil. Always ing one can depend on' getting the Orange Mill and Palatka. !Leave PaUtka
over a soil long parched by a pitilesssun. choose the evening for this, as the color he desires. This fact in connec- '7a.m., connects .at Green Cov Spring for
Me role! and Santa Fe. Arrtv sa1JacksonvlIle(
foliage is liable to burn if it touchesit tion with its great diversity of color !2&">, p. m.,ateurlngrftily, connections forth*
In the more northern sections of in sunshine. But if free from this and constant profusion of bloom, renders North A. W wnd KBBKT-W,...., E.V.II. POST, G On"n.n"ard Agt., 0

the State, some country homes have troublesome insect be assured that the Phlox Drummondii one of WOW Bay**'.

avenues of water oaks set in front of dribbling waterings have induced sur the most desirable of all plants for

the residence with a beautiful effect. face roots in your seedlings, and theyare masses of color, for ribbon beds and

In Marion county there is a water oak being cooked by the hot sun, for'striking effects in the way of con- HORTICULTURAL _,. -

I of great height and girth set forty-seven ""done brown" before your very eyes.. trasts. There are innumerable waysin SUPPLIES *w tA':***

years ago by the wife of a home I had a couple of bushels of leaf moldon which a skillful gardener may effect- HORTICULTURAL TOOLS EWUT aadetlMfMpflvJ KIT

steader. It is a magnificent roof tree, ,hand and used it as a mulch on my ively utilize this incomparable little 8p< 1REE t 8eD4)GQ.
aJeo f
and she who planted it i is justly, proudof pansy bed, just after a soaking rain plant. Its cultivation is exceedingly complete(# Foc$8eud EEI << .. ..ca&
it. fall, putting it all over the entire bed, simple. The seeds may be sown in i VATALOOVK published.

Jacksonville and Lake City and on the soil between each and every the open ground in this latitude in Slf'JOHNSON" S.. l/arkdtltn& STOKES PkUS4c4kLa,ha /..

,' other North 'Florida towns are noted plant, working it with the fingers close May, and the following month the

for their shade trees, and Alicanopy up to the stem or collar of each plant; plants will be in bloom. Indeed, so FAVORITE SINGER. .:- Or
has its streets lined with the .the effect was immediate; no more much vitality do the seeds contain $4 NEW HIGH ARM. '

date palm and orange trees. Many drooping, but renewed strength and that they may even be planted in the jpt'!Style attachments a*shown,*In,.Jt-cut settinRnee-with full

towns have followed the example, of vigor, causing the bloom to be more fall so long as they do not germinate 11)" and Pelf threaaiag shuttle..
planting the latter along their streets firm, larger and indeed wonderful for before spring. In rich soil the plant .9 of Yoa inannfjictarers.can JletJz'Vt i"aroCunyasBera'ConunlMlonnoff i y>

and avenues. July Pansy bloom. grows to,a height of eighteen inchesor trial. :Warrantr-rt 5 years.*. Sent on. ,s"

What we particularly /wish to- see I am careful to cut without counting more, and in such soil the plants CO-: &? tATIYE SEWIit It\G1*IE Cl, ;r

are shade trees planted"around, every evening, never allowing a should not be allowed to stand nearer j Ja-We pay Freight. Y.kkdeIpWa.r.Y .





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Second best picture in water colors, HON. JOHN F. DUNN'S SPECIAL PRE- .

OUP Rural I florae Miss Louise Smith, Ocaladiplomaand MIUM. "

$3.Third. Sub-Alliance furnishing best collec-

best_ picture in water colors, tive exhibit of agricultural products of
"Company Is Coming.1tFor
S. C. Ryan, Tampa-medal and $i. one county, $150-Long Lake,.Marion How Lost! How Regained,

our Rural Home. Best pastel picture, Miss Mosely, county. .

How it recalls the many times I flew Madison countybangle.Best Second best, $100-New Harmony, fGE ?

around from garret to cellar, and then painting on brass-bangle, Washington county.SubAlliance LIfEKNOYITHYSEE

when the visitor arrived was too tiredto Miss E. Turnbull, Jefferson county. furnishing best collec-

enjoy what should have been a rec Best painting on glass-bangle, tive exhibit of agricultural; and citrus r

reation. I remember one special Mrs. S. T. Sistrunk, Ocala. fruits, $150-Hawthorn Alliance,

friend I visited, whose table" was al- Best painting on China-bangle, Second best, $Ioo-Eustis Alliance, [

ways so loaded you would think twenty Miss E. Turnbull, Jefferson county. Lake county. THE SCIENCE OF LIFE

hungry harvesters were to do justiceto Handsomest quiltbangleand A Scientific and Standard Popular Medical Treatise -.
on the Error of Yoathl1fematureDedlneNerToaa
the tempting viands instead of just"John" $3, Mrs. Kuster.Handsomest Best.general exhibit, gold medalH. and Physical Debility,Imparities of the Blood.
and I. In vain I resolved to
quilt $3-
Erwin, Palatka, Fla.
set her a better example when she ..returned Mrs.
Tyner, Levy county. Second best, $25-E. Dubois, Tal-
l the visit. J could not get up c Best display of palmetto works, $5 lahassee, Fla. .

the courage to set her down to one Mrs. Graham Marion
county. Third best, $15-8. R. Casseaux,
kind of dessert when she had three for
Best of $2-Mrs.
display honey, Crawfordville, Wakulla county. Resulting from Folly,Vice,Ignorance,Excesses or
us; yet who can enjoy an overloadedtable Drumright, Manatee county. Best exhibit of three varieties Overtaxation, Enervating and unfitting the victim
;with but a taste of this and a bit any for Wort,Business,the Married Social Relation.
Best inlaid woodwork-diploma, $Io-E. Dubois, Tallahassee.Best Avoid unskillful pretenders. Possess this great
of that? The far famed "Mr. Weller"was Cadet H. Rowe. exhibit of work. It contains WO pages,royal Sro. Beautiful
often heard remark ansingle variety, binding,embossed,fall gilt. Price only 1.00 by
"Enoughis Best Florida cones, $Mrs.Jones, diploma-E. Dubois. mail,postpaid,concealed In plain wrapper. Ulostratire -
enough, Samivel, and that is the art Leon Prospectus Free,U you apply now. The
county. 1 9 t distinguished anther,Wm. IL Parker )(. D., receded .
0' letter writing, and, I think, it.applies Best display of needlework, em Courting One's Wife. the OLD AND JEWEMiED MEDAL

equally to our cooking.S. broidery, fancy work, etc., $5-Miss There is far too little courting donein from l. PRIZE the Nn.tlona.1ltleclJeal ESSAY on NEJlTOUtt Association and fort

M. A. is right; we have neglectedthe McDonald, Leon county. the world. PHYSICAL DEBILITY.Dr.Parker a corpsof
Assistant Physicians may be consulted confidentially -
"Rural Home. I wonder if Best jar of citron-bangle and $i, The average young man acquits by mail or in non at the offlc! of
Grenville Atkins is awed also with THE PEABODY MEDICAf.1NSTITUTld& .
Mrs. Rooks, Lake county. himself fairly well in this respect. He No.4 Bnlflnch,Boston,MAM,,to whom all
new editor. I always patticularly ad- Best jar pickles-bangle, Mrs. goes to see his best girl with becoming orders for books or letters for advice should be
directed as above.
mired a man who had nothing to do Rooks, Lake county. frequency, and when with her managesto

but tell us women what to wear and Best paper flowers-medal, Mrs. lavish a sufficient amount of tender

do, and I do not belong to that unfor- \V.V.. Booth, Nassau county. and defferential consideration upon R.T.V.&G.

tunate class, either, who were taught Best crazy sofa cushion-bangle, her to satisfy her natural and praise-

that stays enhanced their beauty.A Mrs. Borland, Citrus county. worthy demands for that sort of thing. RAILWAY SYSTEM.Two .

good substitute for an atomizer is Handsomest feather flowers-medal The young man must stand acquitted, Fast Trains Every Day to the
a medium sized pitcher. To use car-
Miss Radford Leo therefore.But .
North West and Emit.
bolic acid put a teaspoonful in a pitcher Best display of shell work-di- the married, and especially the

pour about a pint of boiling water ploma, Mrs. H. A Patrick, Polk middle-aged married man is usually CoaRECTED TO no 11TL Ohio Daylight
over it and place the mouth or nostrilsover November IS.'90 SpeciaL EXpreaa.Ly .
derelict. He does courting tall
county. no a
very Jacksonville So Fa W R7 8'OO"ii) m 'i"'OOi a mLv
it as, the case may require, put Best _rustic vases and grasses- though he is under special obligationto Callahan 8,Fa W R7 865 P m '7 m a'mLv
"aJCross So Fa W Rl 11 40pm 915 amLT
the face as close as you can, allowingas bangle, Miss Jessie Owens, Marion do a deal of it, very persistently.He JHOp E'J V aGRr 120 am 1040amAr
Macon E T, va GRT 647am 450pmL.Macon :!
little of the steam to be lost as pos- county. pledges himself in marriage to E'1',V&G RT '7otam '71opmArAtlanta
E T,V&GRr 10Zam 1040pm
sible. I have used this for
severe sore Special premium by an unknown make one-sweetheart happy, and he LY Atlanta F T.V&GRr 11 OOam 11 OO"mAr

throat, would it not answer that way person for best general display of pre. knows perfectly that the essential con- Chattanooga Rome ETV&ORy E T,V 5 a R1' 6&Opm 00 p m 615 200amAr a m
for La Grippe, Mr. Editor? and could served fruits fruits LYChattanooga 3C800pm 515pm '750amArBurgin
jellies, canned dition of every good woman's happiness .to 320am 2mam SOl pm
not some of the other remedies you Miss &r Lexington a:c 418 am S 3)a m lOOp mAr
marmalades and pickles, $25- is that she shall be courted witha Cincinnati 4t::0 lOOam l.wam. 6 3)pmL.

suggest be applied in ,the same man Jessie Owens, Marion county. good deal_of regularity.The ..Chattanooga Q at C Route 615 pm :50! a m
? BETSY. LT Bumn I Lou.Sou.Div ( 3 2S! a m t,1 10 p mAr
ner Special premium! by Mr. Dehon for married man does not mean to Louisville Lou. Son Diy. 1 25 a m 15 pm"

Bparr, A la. best general display of woman's work, neglect his duty. He cherishes the Lv Rome E T.V&O Rr 155 pm 240amLy
Cleveland E V
T. &0 RT 4 a5 pm 510 a mAr
$10-Mrs. Bailey, Jefferson county. wife of his youth with a tenderness far Knoxville E T.Vk a RT 'S5 pm 1 55 a mAr
THE AWARDS. orrf.towu E T,V at G RT 810 pm'3)a InAr
deeper than any that he felt for her in PaIn'Rock E T,V at a Itr t 52 pin 1107amLv
SPECIAL PREMIUM BY HOOD & NASH. Paint Rock Rat D RT t U pm 1112 a m
the salad days of their wooing. But he Ar Hot Springs Rat D RT 1010 P m 1124 a m
A List of the Premiums Awarded Best general display of needlework, Ar AaheYille R at D BT 11 M P m 12 a p m
is preoccupied comfortable and
busy, Ly chattanooga M A C DIY. { 8 00 P m '7 lU a m
Up to Date. $Io-Mrs. Campbell, Polk county. he feels a calm assurance and satisfac- Decatur I M t C Div. I 12 Ua m I 11 :S0 n'nArblemphis
I HaODIY: lOam: 140pm
Mr, H. IV. Long, Dirtctor-Gtntral of Best display of preserved fruits, $3 tion in her affection which he expectsher .
OHIO SPECIAL Is Soun Tmni and carries Pullman
the FarmerAlliante Exposition, -Mrs. H. W. Rowe, Baker county. to feel in her turn. He takes these or Mann Sleeper Jacksonville Cincinnati!,Pullman

.. Ocala, Florida: Best general display of canned things for granted in his man's way Sleepers Louisville Chattanooga and Knoxville to to Memphis.Ashevllle.Chattanooga Connects at to .
fruits and Mrs. B. E. Me- Rome with Pullman Sleeper, arriving Philadelphia
jellies $3-
After careful examination of the : and expects his wife to take them for loss: p nuvia Harrisburg and at Cleveland with
a Lin, Lake county. Sleeper, arriving Washington 230: p.m..via Lynch
granted too forgetting that that is burg.
exhibits in the ladies' of ,
department Best display of preserved fruit andwine DAYLIGHT EXPRESS carries Sleepers Macon to
the Farmers' Alliance not the woman'sway.The Chattanooga,Chattanooga to Memphis: Chattanoogato
$3-Mrs. Phares, Lake county. married Cincinnati,Atlanta to Knoxvllle and Rnoxvllle to
the undersigned find that ,the following best thing a man can Hot Springs. Connects at Knoxvllle with Pullman
For fancy needlework, $2-Miss do is to court his wife, to treat her Sleepers,arriving New York 1:20:: p.nu,via HarrUburg.
persons are entitled to the premiums Sistrunk Marion RATES TO THE EAST are.low as by any all rail
named county. with all the attentiveness of courtesy route,and the scenery Is unexcelled.
: For fancy needlework, $2'-Miss which he showed her before marriage COMPLKTE: INFORMATION cheerfully furnished
Apply to Ticket Agents of connecting lines,or to
Mrs. Eastman
Best painting, Idel Armstrong, Marion county. to consider her in small things as he FRANK M JOLLY { ,
Marion county-diploma and $5. For Chester magnolia blossoms, $i DUt.Pass.Agent, Tray Pans.Agent,
minister in
does in large ones, to a 75 W Bay Stow Jacksonville Fla.
Second best oil painting Gypsy -Bessie E. Miller, Pasco county. thousand little scarcely noticeable B.W. WRENN, CHAS.'. SIGHT.
Gen Pass and Tkt.Act., Asst.Gen.P....Agt,
George, Polk county-diploma and Fancy shell pincushion, $i-Miss ways to her woman nature. So shall Knoxville Tenn. Atlanta Ga.FEBRUARY .

$3Third Liiz'e Fogarty, Manatee Bounty. he make her happy, which, if'he be at Six days earilet than

best oil pain"tingIiss J. FOLEY & WILLIAMS, CINCINNATI, OHIO. I all a well constituted man, is what he G-44.-l Aartcuttl any vsrtetv Ex.tested Grounds at the

Mosely, Madison county-medal and Special premium, Farmers' Alliance most wants to do.N. Y.: World. at greenish Geneva white,M.T pulp Color

leader, sweet and delicious. -
diploma.Best sewing machine to lady commissioner The only rope
Consumption Cured. that ranks flrstJXMh la
crayon picture, 1.lrs.lcCo!- furnishing best exhibit of needle and earliness and Qasllty.
ands An old physUln. tetired from practice,bad Mach vine sealed with
mick Alachua .
county-diploma {fancy work from one county, accord placed In his bHnd4 by an an India mislonaiy our repsteted trade
$ the formula of a simple' egrtable ________ __ mark label. Send for
ing 'to quality, quantity and arrangement remedy for the speedy and permanent cure of lrcuur.kiiuK IUMIWT Information. Ageatswanted
Second best crayon picture Corwin Mrs. C. E. Dyke, Leon county. Jonsamptlon, Bronchitis. Catarrh, Asthma Adduct< STEPaJuN HOTTO bOXB. Ksw cacaaa, Ct
and and all throat and long affectton9a'oaposlttv. *
-diploma $5.
..and radical cure for nervous debility and
Third best crayon picture, Miss VICE PRESIDENT WILSON'S SPECIAL all nervous complaint thousands Its
PREMIUM. wonderful curative powers in of to caul .
Robertson Hernando countymedal gar raaios r.b.
Lucy cases and desiring to relieve human sufferne. .w W.te sexula.ur evil ,,
and $1.50. Best collective exhibit of the products .li will send free of charge to all who wish 1.1 lit epn?too trees per iwr. tie
t It .this recipe in German, French i or English 1 rtw a tDe eurY.e tkl ..a>sa tires
Best picture in water colors, Miss ot one cOunty-a handsome with full directions for preparing and using. Re,.me laprerctf seems,tMtedtoc s eew
i.- sprayer tor Vitar4 aM lt.r' rte.
Helen Thompson, Jefferson county- silver.urn, costing, not' less than $xoo tent naming by this mail paper.br addressing W.A.NOTES with,899 PowersiBlock stamp br Aloe+raza.nBLDrortcspv MurePacn.t 15w prise. C ir.Y rea- 3

diploma and $5. Pasco county. t ,Rochester N.Y.

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'.f;.; ,', ,,:,''!

+ h"::,. The. Farmers Alliance. y' ,

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: .C. VOL. V. "Agriculture is the Basis of Wealth." No. 6.

TOM SAWYER, ... Staft'Co trlbutor. rural matters; and this practical the young man that he cffered him a to which they are adding every year,
knowledge, together with his popu- partnership in his law business. Mr. intending to have eventually a solid
r A FLORIDA BOY larity and accessibility, received an Dunn expressed his sincere gratitudefor grove of 1,200 acres. .It has good wa-
amusing illustration. As we sat in the offer, but, being of an indepen- ter protection and will be a fine prop-
Who Made His Way Up'by Hard the bank office an old farmer dent turn of mind, told him he pre erty, giving employment to many peo
Snooks and Plenty of Them. sidled bashfully in, slipped into a ferred to try his fortune alone. Ac ple. .
i The life of John F. Dunn is full of chair, put his slouch hat between his cordingly he put out his shingle as an Then, again, he and two other gen r
to man knees and asked the famous law. He int- tlemen and (founded
encouragement every young. phosphate attorneyat- was soon app bought 4,000 acres -
because'it shows: the value of pluck, "chief as to the advisability of ed tax collector, which gave him a the town of Belleview, the well-
energy and honesty. We believe we purchasing a certain mule. Excusing comfortable salary of '$1,500 a year, known New England settlement, one
cannot put on these 'pages a better himself a few minutes, Mr. Dunn and helped him materially to dischargehis of the prettiest villages in Florida.
class of matter than the lives of successful politely heard him through, and then old debts. These he had kept Thus he has, alone or in company with
men-men who have made told him that under the circumstanceshe constantly in mind and he never others, founded three townsHomosassa -
their way to the front by having something thought the mule would be a good ceased his efforts until the last dollarof Bellevievr and Dunnellon.
to do and doing it with all their investment. his obligations had been paid up. His connection with the SemiTropical -
might. When the war broke out, young But Florida was then comparatively Exposition i is another work of his
Born in South Carolina in ,1846, he Dunn-only 16-went into it to win, unknown and backward, there was lit in corporations; as he has invested in
came with his parents to Marion and he went clear through it that tie wealth brought into the country, this between$25,000 and $30,000, and
county, Florida, when he was six way, a free and fighting soldier, and i either by travel or trade, and the legal has not taken a dollar out as a divi-
years old, and from that time until he came out at the end a ragged prisonerin business did not thrive fast enough to dend. Indeed, he did not expect to
went into the Confederate army, he Camp Douglass. He made up his satisfy the restless young man. He receive any profit; he engaged in the
worked diligently on the farm with mind about that time not to fight. the determined to open a bank and did scheme purely as a labor ot love, as he
his six, brothers. Their principal crops United States any more. so. He was prosperous in this business expressed it, to help along the devel-
were Sea Island cotton, sugar cane Returning to the old farm he found and began to find himself in more opment of the city and county, -in
and tobacco of the Cuba cigar leaf himself without a dollar and with a easy circumstances than he had ever whose prosperity he takes so. much
variety. He found that a sandy loam widowed mother to support. He hitherto been. pride. .
hammock, with a porous "mulatto" knocked around, pulled himself to When Mr. Agnew started the First His connection with the Merchants'
subsoil, looking, about like brown su gether, got a few old mules, and in National Bank of Ocala, Mr. Dunn National Bank corporation was men-
gar, is admirably adapted to the 1866 raised a fair though small crop of intended to withdraw from the bank- tioned above; and with this single ex
growth of this class of tobacco. They cotton. Encouraged by this,-next year ing business altogether, as he did not ception all the corporations whichhe
used to have four or five acres,of it, he branched out, rented land, ran in then believe and never has believed has taken any part were formed to
harvesting from 600 to 1,000 'poundsof debt for supplies and for wages to his that the National banking system wasa deal in real estate alone, and had for
cured leaf per acre, for which they laborers, and planted about two hun- correct system in all its details. (His their purpose (of course, including a
obtained 25 to 27 cents a pound at dred acres. But that year fortune went view on this subject will be given moreat profit to the projectors) the settling up
_, Silver Springs, eighteen miles distant. dead against him. There was an immoderate length in a subsequent issue of this of the lands of Florida.
: Mr. Dunn thinks that even the piney I downpour of rain, his cotton paper). But his friends and the citi-- It is well known to our readers that
woods uplands will grow good "tobacco : was sodden and beaten into the sand ; zens, generally, counseled him not to Mr.Dunn is a large owner in the Dun
if it has,a pornus,clay _subsoil, the caterpillars played havoc in it, and do so; they did! not wish the growingand nellon Phosphate Company, owning
is free from carbonate: of lime and is the by went down in deep water- ambitious city of Ocala to be re 18,000 acres of land. He had bought
"' judiciously manured with good farm- about five thousand dollars behind. stricted to one bank. Mr. Dunn, 400 acres and founded the town there
yard manure, compost and cotton hand. therefore, bought a lot and erected on two years before the phosphate discoveries
seed meal. But he did not' lose his grip. He it the building at present occupied by which brought him so much
Out of their best crops of cane they' had the prodigal energy of youth, and the Merchants1 National Bank. A wealth.
sometimes ,made as high as four hogs- he tried it again. For three years he banking company was organized with Certainly it is better, for Florida that
heads of sugar per acre., His father worked hard on the farm and reduced himself as president, though he owned the stock of these great corporationsshould
introduced Shorthorn and Brahmin his indebtedness two thousand dollars. only one-tenth of the stock, and they be held by our own citizens
blood to some extent in his herds, and But the farm did not afford him purchased of him the building now in than by men of other States, and especially
they never lacked for butter and milk, "scope and verge enough." He gota use. The capital stock at first was by Europeans. One could
a fat beef, a fat mutton or a fat porker. small stock of goods in 1870, (for $50,000, but it is now $100,000. The well wish that he owned a dozen phos
The Brahmin blood he thinks' better his credit was still good, notwithstanding first year the deposits were $60,000; phate companies if the profits arising
adapted to cross on the native stock his indebtedness), and started a they are now $380,000. This shows from them, instead of going out of
than the Shorthorn ; it is rather wild, country store. He kept at this two the thriving condition of ,the concern. :Florida, were spent as wisely and as
but it gives better milking qualitiesand years; he held ,his own but could not Mr. Dunn has been accused of be- generously as John F. Dunn has ex-
as good beef. reduce his debt any. The long, vacuous ing a corporationist and a sympathizerwith pended his gains.
They used no improved blood with days in a little flyblown store corporations against the people. Ninety per cent. of all his propertyis
their sheep and swine, but the sheep hung heavy on his hands. He was The only corporations he has ever be- in phosphate? lands, orange groves
were brought up and corraled every really only a soldier lad yet, withoutthe longed to or taken any part in were and wild lands, and his interests are
night, as also the cattle., In_those days steady grasp and the balance that the following: with the tillers of the soil. Thoughhe
:there were few sand-spurs to injurethe experience gives. He ,and a number of gentlemen pur- has been much interested in two
quality of the fleece, but he finds He sold out the goods and quit. chased a tract of land of about 12,000 railroads and ]largely instrumental in
that they increase with"settlement and Then he determined to study law. He acres near Homosassa; divided it up getting them built, namely: the S. S.,
cultivation. His father used to some- went to Ocala, arriving there with fifteen into lots and ,sold it out to actual set- O. & G. and the Florida] Southern,
:times smear the outside of the fleeces dollars in gold in his pocket and yet he does not today own a dollar of
with lard in bur-time, which caused three thousand dollars out of his pocket. tlers.Again at Orange Lake (this time he stock in either of them or in any
the burs'to miss their hold or to slip He went to Col. S. M. G. Gary was alone, however,) he purchased other railroad, and never has. Like
out when already lodged. and told,him he wanted to study law 1,000 acres on long time, planted out every other enterprising and public!
He speaks in strong disapproval of and pay off his debts. He fell hard to orange trees as he was able until he spirited man, he believes emphatically
the policy .some men pursue in work at once over the Colonel's law had 150 acres set; then divided this in railroads as great and powerful factors
these days ; they plant orange trees books, keeping himself in good health up and sold to men who settled and in human progress and civilization
recklessly, buy. 'fertilizer by the car and a little pocket money by sweepingout became citizens of Florida.At ; yet he holds that they ought to
load, raise nothing to eat, borrow the office, sawing wood at odd jobs, another time he formed a com- be sufficiently subject to state or na-
raoaey,. mortgage the trees, and and whatever else he could find to do pany and purchased Heather Island, tional controlso that they may not be
(" presently they-go under. that was honest. 'containing 5,000 acres, situated near allowed to levy and collect extortionate -
His early experience on the farm When he had read his course, Col, Ocala. This the company still ,retain charges from the:'people. .
has: given him sound'information on Gary;was so favorably impressed with having Qn it 165 acres of orange grove, In .the Semi-:Trupical Exposition


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company Mr. Dunn, as above stated, Echoes from Florida Alliances.By for Saturday of this week,--at Micanopy even east"of the Allegbanies, in a state
took stock to the amount of over resolution, the. Arcadia Alii to organize a sub Alliance in the of civilization so high that its actuality
$25,000 and he has never received a ance demands that members of our school house. Referring,to,the matter would be.a dreamer's vision. Specu-
dollar back. The Semi,Tropical company Legislature shall not_ vote for men or the Tuskawilla News, of that place, lation in land! It has created vast -,
have never declared any dividends measures not in sympathy. with the makes an appeal to the people inter- corporations and privileged classes.It .
or even been able to, pay the farmers' interests. ested to be present. This section, it has created artificial scarcity of land, .
premiums offered to exhibitors; but -President R. F. Rogers, of the says, has' had three or four sub-Alli air and water. It has opposed prog- .
this was no fault of Mr. Dunn nor of State Alliance, has removed his family ances in good working order, but by ress and enslaved labor by shutting
any other member of the company, in from Live Oak to Lake City, the some means interest was lost and we industry from nature's vast storehouse.It .
fact, since the popular support of the change being made to give his children think they were suspended.. The conditions has reduced wages, raised rents;
Exposition did not meet expenses bya better school advantages.The are now different, as'some ben and made of the body of the American
large amount. But he paid his individual Alliance in Santa Rosa county efit can be had directly through the people tenants and mortgaged farmers.It .
premiums.List is opposed to the State quarantine Alliance Exchange and it behooves the has created the tenement-house and .
fall the sum of $7,OQO was laws as unjust and oppressive to Pen- Alliancemen throughout this section the settler's lonely cabin. It has puta
guaranteed to the Directors of the ,Alliance to thoroughly reorganize and place
sacola, and think the power to regulate greater pressure upon a square;mile
.r Exposition, and of this amount quarantine matters should be vestedin themselves in a position to reap that of earth in New York ((290,000 to the
Mr.\ Dunn gave $5,000 out of his the scambia_ County Board ot benefit.The square mile) than in any other city inthe
own pocket. The hotel bills of the culture of tobacco is now at- world, while half the site of the
visiting delegates were guaranteed, Health.The Alliance of tracting the attention of Alliancemenin city is vacant It produces the North
and amounted to $2,500; of this he LaGrange Florida, and not a few are finding End Rookery, with its over.;rowding,
held a most interesting meeting recent
paid $1,500 himself. it a profitable crop. The Florida Cen- and the settler's shanty, with its lone- '
Besides this, he gave $500 in four ly, and a large delegation from the tral and Peninsular Railroad has done liness and despair. It has bred vice
premiums to be awarded to the ex- Titusville Alliance was present. These much to help on the enterprise all and crime in our city streets, and mad- .
hibits of counties or sub alliances. All exchanges of courtesies between Alliances along the line of its road. The members ness and brutality in the backwoodsand
these sums above named have been are productive of good results and of the Alliance, says the Talla- on the plain. It has scattered the
in full. should be more frequent.The hassean should call around Mr L.
paid at ; rural population, and piled: businessmen
That John F. Dunn has given these Chautauqua programme for C. Yaeger's and secure some of the into fourteen story buildings in '
liberal gifts for an ulterior purpose it Mt. Dora this year assigns March 25thto choice tobacco seed which Mr. J. E. the city.. :
would be base to insinuate. Years the farmers, and will be known as Luten has placed there for free distribution It makes coal high and the miners'
before the Alliance "Alliance Day." Director J. P. De- to Alliancemen.
ago, was a powerin wages low. It holds a sword over
the land or Had any honors to be Pass, of the Florida Experiment Sta- capital, and puts a fetter on the wristof
stow, the native generosity of the man tion, and State Chemist N. Robinsonwill Value of Personal Effort. labor. It produces colossal fortunes -
showed itself hundreds of times. For deliver addresses, the latter being The value-of personal effort in the without toil, and supports giant
instance two years ago, he gave devoted ,to phosphates, a subject in Alliance, of having at least one go- corporations to dominate our Legislatures. -
$1,000 in premiums divided among which our people are just now greatly ahead, enterprising member, is sub- It gives the many into the
Citrus, Sumter and Lake for county interested.The stantially illustrated in the winning of hands of the few, produces the mil-
displays.In Tamp Daily Journal, in a the first prize of $150 by Electra Alliance lionaires and the tramp, producing in
1880 he married Miss\ Alice spirit of good humor, remarks that at Long Lake, in Marion\ two generations the richest men the
'Eagleton, and has one child. He has while President R. F. Rogers of the county, at the State Alliance Exposition world has ever seen. It builds hos-
been for about a year a member of the State Alliance is booming the affairsof in Ocala, for best display of farm pitals and denies justice. It has madeus
Presbyterian church, though in the : the order, his wife is running the products by any sub.Alliance in Flor- a nation of landless and homeless .
opinion of all independent thinkersthis farm at home, and has just finished families, dependent upon the caprice,
(fact of itself weighs neither for putting in one hundred acres of oats. ida.The Ocala Banner emphatically asserts the avarice of a smaller class. ,"-
him nor against him. To him will The farmers should remove "Uncle that "the honor and award was It is the menace of our land this
be applied the rule by which all men Bob" and unanimously make Mrs. merited by the Electra Alliance, andto day. It is a vast vampire, under
stand or fall. "By their fruits ye Rogers president. No wonder Rogersis none is greater credit due than to whose brooding wings our nation is
shall know them." He is no sectarian an advocate of (matrimonial) alli- Rer. Mr. Parker, who was so bent on being robbed of its life-blood. It is
; he gives to one church about as his work that he got in his cart, visited the curse of Italy, the death of Spain
much as to another. ances.By far the most accurate, com every member of the sub-Alliance, and the outrage of Ireland. It forces
,The personal appearance of Mr.\ prehensive and readable sketches of gathered together the display of pro- the emigrant from his native valley
Dunn is familiar to many Floridians the National Alliance Convention and ducts and carried them across the into competition with American labor.It .
and those who have seen him have excursion in Florida have come from river to Ocala, paying the ferriageout turns the crofter's cottage on the
certainly not seen a handsome man. the gifted pen of Mrs. Mildred Beryl of his pocket. The sturdy and hills of Scotland into sheep-sheds, and
I He is so ugly as to be picturesque, Brown, wife of editor Harry C. Brownof enthusiastic granger parson deserves a draws a river of gold from starving
with a calm, grand facefull of rugged the Southern Alliance Farmer at gold medal. Such work as he did always Ireland.It .
strength, to which the halfclosedeyes Atlanta, Ga. This cultured lady is counts and generally wins." is a relic of feudalism. It possessesthe
give 'a somnulcnt expression thatis the daughter: of ex-State Senator. R. The same is true of the award ofa old world, and we have permittedit
well in keeping with his sluggish Gorman, who was last year chairmanof sewing machine special premium to to come in and work us shame and
'; but powerful mind; and his frame is the Judiciary Committee of the the lady commissioner furnishing the terror, till to-day we stand facing it, as
of a phosphate breadth and massive- Georgia State Alliance, and her department best exhibit of needle and fancy work Beowulf faced the serpent. It is the
} editorial work on her hus- from one county, according to quality, greatest heritage of evil transmitted to .
ness.The farmers and their representa- band's paper has served to make it quantity and arrangement. Every us out of the sinister past, and progress
tives would make no mistake in sending vastly more popular in Alliance homes. visitor to the Alliance Exposition was will consist in destroying it, as we
John F. Dunn to the United She is a keen observer, a woman of confident that Mrs. C. E. Dyke, of destroyed chattel slavery. Its aboli-
States Senate, and nobody i is paying decided views, and what she writes is Tallahassee, would honor Leon countyby tion will be the abolition of industrial
us to say this either. We need in never dull or superfluous, but practical carrying off this prize. Early and slavery.
Washington business men-men who and right to the point. late, in season and out of season, witha Why? Because speculation in land
have had the capacity to create and -There is a movement on foot to zeal that was unceasing, she devoted employs no labor, but stands in the
prosecute successfully some other vocation divide the Farmers Alliance into five her best energies to the work. No way of labor. It is a sort of piracy. -
besides the mere calling of.bring separate organizations, the Sub-Alli visitor who was attracted to the Leon It says to the manufacturer, farmer,
in Congress.We ance, the County Alliance, the Dis- county exhibit was slighted, but rather artisan, Before you build, till or
wish it to be distinctly understood trict Alliance, the State Alliance and went away charmed and instructed. fashion you must pay me a tribute.'I .
that the interview above givenwas the National Alliance. All of these -1 < ... am Caesar, whose claims must .be
entirely of our own seeking; Mr. divisions exist except the District Alliance The Curse of Land Speculation. met first.' .'
Dunn did not even suggest, much less and that can be found in many Speculation in land-what harm hasit It supports a plutocracy, as dependent -
request it. He does not make any States, although few if any States are done? What harm has it done? In upon the labor of others as the
parade of his good deeds; he mentioned thoroughly organized. Georgia is the first century of our nation's life it paupers in the almshouses.-Arena.
t them only upon being ques- now agitating the movement, and if has scattered us out from sea to sea, t._ .
t tioned as to each.ED.HORSFORD's carried out she would have ten District pushing 'Wn on into the wilderness, Easy expectoration,increased power of,the
t Alliances. Florida can have but two, into the forest and on the plain, keeping lungs and the enjoyment of rest,are the rewards .. '
ACID PHOSPHATE and it will not be a hard task-to organ. us a nation of pioneers, holdingthe ,upon taking Dr. Ball's Cough Syrup-,,
i ize her County Alliances into District body of our people against the to all conaaraptlves.
*" I Cats,barns, and all other wounds,can be
Impaired Vitality Alliances. Who will start the ball in inclemency, the rigors, the solitudesof '
J cured In a short time by the use of Salvation
and. 'U'taktnti energy, is wonderfully motion,and keep it moving? our land, whenwe; might have been 011,the greatest cure on earth for pain. Price
r successful. 1 1 I -Bro. J. W. Smith calls a meeting living east of the Mississippi river, or 26 cent.l.I .



. '. :..
,',- > '..

has committed itself to the re The Demands. I their demands, but there is an exploit
bilities of that position by receiving what causes poverty. But it is a good
The Alliance is the first farmers' organization log class that are the chief contributor '
that has seen fit to make of campaign funds in both parties that important aid in such capacity. thing for the world that some peopledo
themselves with the philosophy -
After noticing the report our contemporary concern
demands the both will concession
legislatures :
upon bitterly oppose any
the that surround them
State and National, and'the practice of to the farmers, and it remains to be< comments as follows: The of things .;
government has a moral as well as a; and, in the long run, the world is better
passing demands of the Alliance only; seen which} shall prevail. If the farmers
legal right to see that all its citizen' off for their research. Some time
of of the
dates back to the Cleburne'meeting adopt the above conception
the Farmers' State Alliance of Texas, step they have taken, and mean it,, are dealt with on equal and just terms, ago the Herald, of New York, sent to

in 1886. Prior to that time the, will they wilt\ enforce their demands, by but it could only obtain ownership of a number of thinking menpoliticians -
all the railroads by purchase or confis poets, philosophers, merchants,
of the souvereigns of this republic had each and every man of them taking an
cation. To buy out all the lines ii etc., this question : "What, in your
their in
always been made known to ser active hand politics personally at
of( the defeat the country at the extravagant valua opinion, is the chief cause of povertyin
vants, the office-holders, by means the next election and securing "
tion now fixed on them by their manip this country at the present time?
petitions in which language to.this ef of every representative they have
ulators and the further appreciation From a long chapter of answers, the
feet: "We your petitioners, humbly had that did not vote for and work
that would be insisted on if there werea Helper culls a few and boils them down
had been used laws in conformitywith
pray etc., always faithfully to secure
bein for its readers. Whether accepted or
.But at Cleburne the Alliance said:"We their demands. If they mean itthat prospect of such legislation ;
pushed through could only be done by} not, the replies are worth noting:
demand, and at every meeting since way they will succeed; if theydon't
heavier Prof. \V. G. Sumner YaleFailsto
that eventful day both State'' and Na they will fail. Better a thou saddling on the people a far ,
load than the one they are now carry. ; give an answer. "If we work
tional Alliances have reiterated the sand times to have never made a demand -
ing. It would mean the buying out of: harder, learn more, save more, behave
stern command. They have shown than to make one and not have
the at far more than its act ourselves better, we shall not abolish
by their acts that they intend to be the nerve to enforce it. property
ural worth and taxing the present as; poverty but we shall do our best,
made the
The by
supplicant no longer. recently
the and make the best of the world and of
well future generations to
1 This simple act on the part of the National Farmers' Alliance and Industrial as pay "
debt. It is not difficult to fancy Jay our life in it.
Alliance has completely changed the Union show that they had a fullconception
previous existing relations between the of the responsibilities, and Gould laughing in his sleeve at the Ignatius Donnelly-The lack of
of the nation legalizing a vast property. The unequal and unfair .
members of the legislatures, both State that they were cautiously making demands prospect
distribution of whereby those
and National, and the farmers, becauseit that they intended to enforce. amount of problematical property
was the custom which had grown -National Economist. held by ,him and: others, and undertaking who create it obtain little of it, and

into a for the farmers to sign to turn into solid substance untold those who handle it become possessedof

resolutions usage and petitions as the most OontrollinaRailroade.. : milli' ns of dirty water that ,has most of it.Chauncey. 0

glorious right of an American citizenfor One of our daily papers says that been injected into the railroad systemof M. Depew-Lack of

the redress of his wrongs, and it the report by Attorney General Leese, the country. Yet this is ''what self-confidence. Many young men

had also been a custom which had of Nebraska, setting forth what are apparently would have to be done unless the are wanting in fixity of purpose. Rumis

into a usage for the officeholderto the two alternatives of rail. buyer insisted on cutting the purchase the greatest cause of poverty; it is .

grown ignore such petitions and,resolutions road control for the future, is a power. price in two, under protest from the the cause of more poverty than all the

completely. These two usages had ful document It presents a strong unwilling seller, or paying the bill in other causes put together.

become so fully established that they array of facts, and if some of the state fiat money. Either of these two Prof. C. K. Adams, Cornell-In a

had the 'effect of law, the unavoid ments may be objected to as trite theyare courses would be an act so arbitrary country where liberty prevails, the

able of which was that the none the less true. He concedesthe and unfair as to deserve to rank only diligent and capable have the opportunity -

office-holder sequence was the one in power and claim that the owners of stock in with the policies of an unenlightened of rising above the indolent and

the people were governed to serve his railroad corporations are entitled to a age. The first would be bold, open ncapable. Where there is the

interests. The demands of the Alli fair return of the money they have invested robbery, and as such hooted at by the largest liberty of individual action,

ance have completely reversed this and but insists they have no rightto whole civilized world; the second commercial there will be the largest inequalities
suicide and national bank men. Much our
seek to establish the relations contem- ; any more than that. He then statesit among
. plated by those who participated in as a notorious fact that in many in ruptcy. The farmers do not want any legislation has tended in many ways to

the organization of this government in stances the only money invested in the uch result as that, and therefore increase the opportunities of the rich

1776. railroad is that derived from the sale not indorse the advocacy of such an and to diminish the opportunities of

It is true wisdom for the farmers to of bonds, the stock to an equal amount unwise policy, though made by a well- the poor.
meaning friend. Still it is only natural Henry Clewes, banker Drink;
make these demands, and for the mem- being issued gratuitously to the shareholders
bers of and the Various State who then want the people of that the threat of a monopolistic that one word tells the chief cause of
congress it in combination should provoke an attiude poverty at the present time in this .
full dividends
legislatures upon which they are made, the State to pay on .
to study well the new relations. The the shape of extortionate charges for of reprisal against the railroad country.
questions for both to consider and transportation. This is not only wrong nagnates, and even lead sensible meno Charles Prajt! -By far the largest

solve as speedily as possible is, do the as a matter of equity, but in direct violation ; propose measures that are indefen- class of poor and idle people are those

the farmers realize what they have of the law, which providesthat ible.; The Leese utterance is only onef who( come to want through intemper-
exceed the ) which be expected to be ance. Next to drink, the greatest
done? and, if so, do they mean it and the capital cannot many may
will they enforce their demands? If actual cost of the property and that provoked by the menace of a com.I cause of. poverty is the restless and

they realize what they have done they any ficticious increase ot capital stock I ine to place the farming classes at its aimless character of many of our

know that they hare "crossed the or other indebtedness of any such cor mercy and once more institute and enforce young men. They have been broughtup

Rubicon;" that they have taken a step porations shall be void. He says it is the policy of making the tariff to regard work as a punishment or

from which they cannot recede; that admitted that the railroads in Nebraska pay all it can bear. as a curse. Intemperance is the cause
stock The Western Rural often wonders if of more poverty and trouble in our
they have asserted themselves master, have outstanding to a large
and that not to maintain that positionis amount that has not been issued for the comments of the daily papers city to day than all other causes com-

to submit to'a slavery dominated by money, labor or property, and the upon such questions as this are really bined.

the office holder. If they have a full several reports of these railroads show honest or made simply to fill space.f Edward McGlynn, D.D.Povertyis
[! this concluded that it chiefly caused by injustice, and the
and- perfect realization of what they dividends on all such stock. Yet it is government
would the railroads it would no'' injustice of our time is the de-
have done, they know that in anchor. now proposed to bring those and other buy greatest
ing their political future f to their demands lines under an automatic control for ;jo into the market to buy wind. It n al to men of their God-given birthright -
would make offer for of access to the land and its
not Jay
they must sustain them at.the the purpose of further increasing the an
expense of their old party fealty, should Burdens of the people, making them jOuM's! watered stock ; and there natural opportunities.John .
dividends this ficti would not be the slightest necessity of D. RockfellerIntemperance.That .
that party fail or refuse to endorse_ pay for larger on
its doing so. The government can is all. One word answers the
them and in the event the party of cious capital.
of existence all this watered question fully.-Baker? Helper
their choice does so fail or refuse their ,Mr. Leese thinks the only remedyfor wipe out

effort 'to secure their just rights, each all this is that the government tock as easily as a hand can be turned t

will be compelled to choose betweenhis should assume the control'and ownership ver.> It need only be provided that The Silver Bill.

old party and his demands for a of all the railroads and begin by roads shall be permitted to earn only The passage of a free coinage bill by

new party-his party. That has not taking] possession of the Union Pacific a reasonable profit on their actual the Senate makes the silver question

yet come, but it must be acknowledged by foreclosing its lien upon that prop- value, and away goes the watered again prominent before the American
that it is liable to come. This plain erty. There can be no question that tock., -Western Rural. people. Whether a free coinage meas.

statement of the truth should be carefully he last named act would be one ot I.- ure will be enacted_ this session of Congress -

considered by the farmers mak- strict. justice. The government has aright t/auees of Poverty. may: be a niter of doubt, yet its

ing demands and by' the bosses who to control the road in the inter- The chief anxiety of most people evident that the opinion is fast gaining -

make the platforms for the political ests of the people, and ought to do so, who are troubled with poverty is to ground that the nation would be

parties. The farmers would much prefer because the transportation company is told up their heads in spite ot it; firth benefited Jty: a larger coinage of silver.

that all the parties would adopt< ostensibly a servant of the public and : most part they do not concern Property IS increasing in a more rapid


ratio than ,the production of gold, will, I think be convinced that a tax sources except from a single tax on books exempting from taxation land

hence the diminishing quantity. of goldis ( on land... values will be better for the land values. planted in nurseries and young tree .

an unfair measure of value for farmer than the present system,of tax- While neither condemning or approv-- It also provided for the assessment ofa

the increasing quantity of real ation." ing the single tax doctrine and in fact certain class of orange groves at a

property. The necessity of restoring Mr. G. Lloyd, writing from 142 not discussing the subject at all, and. value not exceeding what the land

silver to its proper place currency Greene street, New York City, says: declining to be drawn into a controversy i would be worth if planted in corn or

upon a parity with gold is apparent. "Your article on a 'tax on industry' concerning its vices and virtues, cotton. This law is inoperative. We

The silver bill ,or free coinage bill was timely and to the point. The people we demand of our State legislaturesoon do not know that it has been repealed,

just passed by the Senate provides that' support the country by a tax on to assemble that its principlesso but it is unconstitutional because it

the unit of value shall be the dollar of their homes, while the speculators get far as the assessment of young, un- conflicts with the constitutional provision

412% grains of silver, or of 25 8-10 the benefit of the increased value given productive orange groves as wild land to the effect that. all property

grains ')f solid gold and that the same I. land by the improvement of property be adopted.In shall be equally taxed, except that

I shall be legal tender for all debts, public adjacent. * The only i other words we demand that our which is exempt, and the constitution

and private; that owners of silver or way to stop land speculation is to tax assessment laws be so changed that A enumerates that which shall be exempt

4 gold bullion may deposit the same at the value as fast as it increases and use who owns forty acres of wild, unim- and "land planted in nursery

any mint, to be coined into standard it for pubiic purposes." proved land shall pay as much for the trees and young trees" is not in the list.

i' dollars or bars, except where the Miss Maude E. Snay, secretary of maintenance of the government as B But we do not ask that the and be

deposit is less than $100, or is so baseas the Galion Single Tax Club, of Galion, who owns forty acres of young, un- exempt from taxation, but that it be

to be unsuitable for the operationsof Ohio, writes : .. productive orange groves. assessed the same as the wild land of

the mint; that certificates_issued*under "We desire to express our approbation 'Our reasons for demanding this are the speculator until it becomes productive -

the act, and silver and gold certificates of an editorial occurring the obvious : .Agriculturist.

already issued, shall be receiv- Florida Agriculturist December 10, First, to encourage B in his effortsto .
able for all taxes and dues to the and enrich the State. CURED.A
in which objection is made to the dis develop clergyman after year of buffering from
United States, and shall be a legal crimination by assessors in favor of Second, to discourage A from hold that loathsome disease Catarrh and vainly
i tender for the of all debts trying every known remedy,At last found a
payment land speculators as against land users. ing his lands and retarding development. prescription which completely cured and
and and that the caved him from death. sufferer from this
public private, own. Any
It is that in this such atro
I strange age dreadful disease Rending a self-addressed
ers of bullion deposited for coinage cious evils can exist. Third to encourage A to improve stamped' envelope to Prof.J. A. Lawrence 88
shall have the option to receive coinor his land and enrich the Warren street New York, will receive {beI'PC'tl'P
"\Ve also wish to call attentionto county. fray of e ar?e.
its equivalent in the certificates your These the three
pro are principal rea-
2 '
the of the whichwe
vided for in the act, and that such subject 'single tax, sons for demanding that the tax be
bullion shall be subsequently coined. are confident is the only natural levied land values instead of '
on on
remedy for existing social evils. To
American' Cultivator. improvements. If A finds that he can I T utt's Pills'J'1I.b
land monopoly principally do we at- his without increasing
improve property -
tribute the grinding poverty that in
The Tax
I on Industry. this rich his taxes, the presumption is that
engulfs so
Some time ago we protested against great country he will more readily do it than if he popular remedy after falls to
many millions of people. _f.cta lly careDyspepsia
Florida's present system of assessing were compelled to pay additionaltax
for taxation i. "The removal of ail taxes from the the The Constipation Sick
young orange groves e. on improvements. State ,
we objected to an unproductive grove products of labor and the placing of a would be benefited by the ultimate in- Headache BiliousnessAnd

being assessed at a higher rate than single tax on the value of land, would crease in the value of the property ,
all diseases from
r wild land, for the reason that it operated induce the speculator either to put his thus improved, which, when it be- arising a
laud to use and thus employ idle laborers Torpid Liverand Bad Digestion.
as a "tax on industry"and would comes productive, would be subject -
or to let it into the hands of Tb. natural result li good
retard to a very great extent the development pass to assessment for taxation as other appetite
end solid flesh. Dose small cta aat*
i of the orange business. .hose who would use it. productive> property. 17 s..r coated and easy to swalloW
The Nation committee of the Single There is old law SOLD EVER w H .. nE.
It is a well known fact that orange an on our statute
Tax League also commending our efforts -
are a source of until
t groves expense
to equalize the assessment of -
they reach an of eight ten
age say or .
and to the discrimina.tlon
property, stop
i years, and the injustice of the system
the who have the
against men enterprise *
which compels the owner to pay a to their D.pto D S
higher rate of taxation than the man improve belongings, 1 'F
send us with request to publish the
who owns land of the same character,
petition to anent the subjectof
but who has not the enterprise to im -
f prove it, is manifest. a single tax. Brilliant !
Our from
space prevents us complying -
Our editorial on the subject has with this did
) request, nor we Durable !
called forth letters from the
4 many intend to subscribe unreservedly to
t. State and out of it, highly commendatory the single tax doctrine of Henry Economical !

of our position., George. We do not object to the increase ,
1 Mr. H. G. Seaver, of Flatbush, N. of the valuation of
Y., writing on the subject, says: or other property when orange the intrinsic Diamond Dye excel ill others in Strength, Purity, and Fastness. None other are
editorial groves j just as good. Beware of imitations, because they are made of cheap and inferior materialsand
"I note your objecting vigorously value of the same shall have
weak colors. To be of only the DIAMOND DYES
success use
give poor, cocky sure
against the discrimination by actually increased by reason of its becoming -
for coloring Dresses, Stockings, Yams, Carpets, Feathers, Ribbons, &c., &c. We warrant
assessors in favor of ]land speculators productive and a source of
them color for than other dyes ever made,and to give
]land to more goods,package package any
against users. heartily comment revenue rather than expense.It .
more brilliant and durable colors. Ask for the DIAMOND, and take no other.
your action. be that if this holds
r Mr. Seaver then tells how the may argued Send postal for Dye Book,Sample Card,direction for coloring Photos.,making the finest Ink or Hoing
ma- good; with orange groves it must be (ro cents quart), etc. Sold by Druggists. Address ,
jority of our political party in his sec- applied to all improvements on .
prop WELLS, RICHARDSON & CO., Burlington, Vt.
, tion was changed into a majority for the income
erty not yielding to owner an -
' Another by the adoption of a "reform or a profit. This phase of the For Fancy Gilding Articles.or Bromine US LJ P\AUrM\in I I m I'1 4Si I NTr!> Gold Co-wer., Silver Only,IO Bronze Cents.,

principle" in the assessment laws by matter partakes more of a National

the minority party. That is, a mere than State and local character, and

equable plan of assessing: improvedand we had no intention of pressing the I I iI

unimproved property.On matter so far. To adopt the single I I

the same subject Mr. W. L. tax system, i. e. to levy all taxes ando I I :5t v k'2LJE

Crosman, writing from the headquarters collect all revenues on land values, [I

of the New England Tariff Re- it would be necessary to consider concomitant j I I

form League, at Boston, says: reforms and principles embodied -

"I see it reported that on Decem- in Mr. George's single tax '
for Garden. PLANTS for Lawn.
ber loth, your paper had an editorial plan. For instance if we derive our SEEDS> WHERE your to get the best Seeds and fresh your ones? WHEREto

headed, A Tax on Industry, which entire revenue from a tax on land -"'" get the new Plants and good ones? This must be decided. Which

very properly objected to the discrim values, we must abolish not only our ,}1 of the new and famous are worthy,and which of the old are better,you
ination by assessors in 'favor of ]land present system of protection, but also Fit3T Go should know. We print an Illustrated Catalogue with Photo-Engravings, A

speculators as against land users. I he. proposition of "tariff for revenue," *1,4, Colored Plates, and REASONABLE! descriptiQs. As to its completeness,

hope you will continue the agitation, or tariff in any form, and also the internal I tAN we say IT TELLS THE WHOLE STORY, for the GARDEN LAWN
3s Ci.sand FARM. Free.a Wi ffer tim afectim .f TALFL h KM,88 kbfc fcrLOOj!
and I wish to call your attention to tax on certain commodities, .WeT 9T 1VW Q V last V ffMJ tima sun: VT JIVlft lUUUUi Oft lest Ctxv Hft dI.* AA f j A 9.(AO.4K.
$( r/ ue: wA A9f 9BmC9f A/V n lJk vE3Bv9f iwf CW WTW w BViHAN9
' the. single tax flan. *,? *-.You in fact cut off'our revenue from all YAUi liED TOREP 86 9t.... St.,, fex 688, CHICAGO.'T. .

', ..' ,.:'c,'"':- w". ..
I i

i .

1 4Yh

., -


i e i' F"" 1



: QUESTIONS AND REPLIES.All BARTER COLUMN. 'Van ted-Cassava seed for % acre. Give Great bargains In very desirable real estate.
price. P. C. BAKER, Eraporla, Fla. 2- -3t Send for description and price. J.L.DERnux: ,
reasonable from aubacrl Lakeland: ,Polk county,Fla. lZlt
questions oomlug a Definite exchange offer inserted tree. State what Choice Gulf Mullet In one pound-tans. 1100
.ber,will be answered as promptly a* possible, and per case of 4 doz. each, f.o. b.cars O. B. R. R.
without charge If addressed to the editor.at Lawtey. you have and what yon want. I Address, WM. A. WICKS, Seven Oaks P. O., i For sale, four breeds!! of pit games, viz:
Replies can not be given by mall War Horse and
Open to subscribers onlr. Fla. 2-5-3t Bhawlnecks, Belfast: Red.
GrUt. Champion. Win or die try ing. R B.BULLBradordvllle .
Send UK orders for note
your paper, pens,
inks, and all supplies. We will' treat you Fla.
When are you going to give us the dimensions A smell place. If acres, several hundred right. DaCosta Printing and Publishing Wanted to eichange-Pure"Golden Wyan-
fruit trees house, etc., on R. R Mobile toNew *
and proper stjlo for a packingfor Uileans; for place of equal Talue in House,Jacksonville, Fla. dottes" for White Wyandott, Plymouth
groves of 2,000 boxes? We. ar. pa- .Florida south of latitude 28. T. DEIIOFF," For sale or: exchange for mates mules or Rocks or White Leghorns Addre Ww.C.
tiently waiting for it. C. G. ADAMS, PaSS Ch sedan, Mills It U Conte, Keller or sand pear' trees-young ANDRCSS, Archer, Via 11-6
grade Jersey cows fresh with calf or
young need of kind-paper.
D> stationery any
Sorrento Fla. Will exchange a fonr-acre bearing orange you
heifers.I WM. B. SOURADKR. Waverly Stock
ami Ink? Hendto DuCoata Printing and
had that such grove and house for an improved plantationnear farm Tallahassee. Fla. First Ocs' pens
We forgotten a promisewas Tallahabtwre. P. O. Box 191 Orange City, prize 2-5-2t s. Publishing Home! ,Jacksonville, Fla. *
made. Will endea"'or'to'give you Fla It"GENTAWORD" PEAR TRKKS: : -FUR LECONTE, GAR-
the desired article as soon as possible, Bearing orange grove for sale cheap. For BER'S HYBRID A.VH OTHERS. APPLYTO ,
particulars! call on or address B. A. BEMIS, B W PARTRIDGE, Montlcello, Fla.
and meantime should be to hear
we had COLUMN.To Oneco, Manatee county,Fla 1-2941 1026Do ;.: -*
from our readers who have experience Repair your old family Bibles. Make them you need stationery of any kl.id-pM per, fDIAMOND -
in building such a house. so d as new. DaCo-ta Printing and Publishing rens and ink SendtobaCosttPrlntingand
37. DORMANT BUDS. I have ten Insure Inir+lon in this column, adrertlae- House.Jack envllle, Fla PnhllQh'nsr' Tfnnv IAC"konvl'lf'' .IR. *

thousand dormant buds on sour stock; menu Adrertlftementa must' be accompanied must not by exceed the'money.arty word : Specialty Foreign Grape Vines Chas-
Postage Stamp received In payment. selas Lnttlchau. best mar; et grape and by .
six old and
these stocks were ,ears cutoff '
Count every word.Including name and address. weeks the earliest t In F."'rlda. Write for NEW KODAKS.
at the ground after the March frost. catalogue. H. VON LUTTICUAU. Earleton,
Three to nve'sprouts put up and in the FLA. l26-18t.()

best is the bud. The present winter's Pek in Ducks pair, three dollars; trio, five Tuberose Bulbs, double Pearl, good flower
frost has caused most of their leaves to dollar Kegs, twelve for one dolKrs. Ply- ing bulb, free by mall, 40 rents per ioz>n
mouth Rock iall. Please tell me how and when to F. STYLES, Jacksonville, Fla 2 5.2tr,
Repair your old family Bibles. Hake them You the
treat them. Is it best to cut off all but Strawberries-Bessie' Alabama, Steven good as new. Dar'osta Printing and Publishing + 4 ,!press, .
the one containing bud? If so, top or lop I he kin,Js to vlant for profit in the South. House,Jacksonville! Fla. *
the one with bud? It has lost its leaves. Hnd for prices. JULIUS SCIINADLEBACU, Wanted, the consent of 10 WO smokerx. to '; JrA button,

Also, when is proper time to use cultivators Grand Bay, Ala. 2-5-51 send each, a simple 'lot of 150 ItKEL": _

?-CORPORAL :MURDOCH, Oxford, For Dale, I0f00 sweet and sour seedlings Cigars O and O.a 20 D.year 45.25 go'd and filled allow Watch examin by ttieu.Express -'s.P we do the rest.
Florida. from*lx Inches high to one Inch in diameter.
HAVANA CIGAR Co. Winston N. C. 1-29-St
Price, 2o f. o. b. Dates and budded; trees
You had better:let them entirely alone for sale cheap. W. B. WALKER,AUburndale, Wanted.situation as grove superintendent SenD Sew Styles aad Sizes ,.
until nature has time to show you where Ha. 2-5-St by a married man who his had nine years experience ALLLOADKD WITH Transparent Ff1m..
is be made. If this Bert r f references from em p1''yers.
the amputation to Send us your orders for note paper, pens, Address Box P,Cltra, Fla. l-29-2t:: For sle by all Photo. Stock Dealers.
warm weather continues, the line of demarcation Inks and all supplies We vlll treat you
aCof tA Printing and Pub Repair your old family Bible. Make them THE EASTMAN COMPANY
between dead and living wood right. Ishlnj* good fas new. DaCoata Printing and Publishing ,
will soon be plainly{ apparent. You may House,Jacksonville, Fla. House, Jacksonville, Fla. Send for Catalogue. ROCHESTER, N. Y

.. start the cultivator about the last of February cleansing Florida's and Own preserving Fragrant. Tooth the t..eth.Powder Try for it For sale two lots and 7. room house, cheap I

and give the young trees a dressingof Price 25 cents. end stamps or poatnl note. Address, Box 546,Jacksonville, Fla. 1. 9-tt GEO. S. HACKER & SON
some good commercial fertilizer say Hold only by ,Dm FERRINE, Dentist Fer- holstein Bull! (to avoid inbreeding) I will ,
nandlna, Fla. 3-5-31 aell my thoroughbred relClstpnd bull at A MANUFACTURERS OF-
1,500 pounds per acre; or, you prefer, ROBT. L
bargain. LAMB.Runnymede Farm,
a rich compost, to help them to start.. and Address For sale G.-Twenty H. ANDERSON strawberry Hibernia refrigerators N'la. Ten Mile 11111 P 0., S C l-:9-4t:: '.? :
make up for the lost wood. 2-5-4 Do you need printing of any kind Bend to ::::
38. JAPANESE TONKBERRY-. DaCos a Printing: and Publishing House, .
Wanted-A good milker to look after Jersey Jacksonville fla. =

:M. Weeks, Starke, Fla. Write to Hal- cattle, with wile or boy to assist In milking. For sale, Jersey Bull, full blooded, three 44 c.
JOHN BRADFORD Bradford vllle Leon Co.
lock. the nurseryman, Queens, N. Y. Flay 2-5-St years old Thoroughly acclimated. Price rn
Please mention this SIOJ( or will exchange for budded orange -
paper. For sale-A second-hand, eight-horse trees E. RE*Z, Bridgeport, Fla 1-29-21 _
39. BEAR GRASS. W. Salisbury, mounted engine, in good working order. Wanted Lemon and Grape Fruit send Address :
:Merritt. The question as to the Sisal EUREKA MACHINE WoRk, Tallahassee, giving price, GBIF/IKO' & BEADLE, _
hemp was answered two weeks ago. Let Fla. 2->-3t Mftcclenny, Ha 1-29-5C 0C
know if did not the Send u* your orders for note taper, pens, Do you need printing of anT kind Sf-odto -
us get s.
you paper. DaCosta and Publ House
Inks and all supplies. We treat yourlghL. Piloting ahlng p.o .
Dr. J.. V. Harris, in his,special.report to DaCosta Printing and Publishing Jacksonville, Flft. o .
the government on fiber plants, docs not House! Jacksonville, Fla. Wanted-A young man to work on dairy

mention bear grass as.one of them. : Eggs for hatching,$1 per dozen. Langshans, farm Mutt and be car-able run milk and wagon honeit.In South A steady Florida.. Q

40. BEt GAR WEED. After allowing i Brown FRIES Legnorns St. Nicholas.and! Plymouth Hocks.It. and ..nre pay. Address W,"care of FARMER Job ...rn
the first crop of beggar weed to seed AND FRUIT-GLOWER. l-V2-4fc.
itself down for how long can the after Guava trees for eal"-Large kind red, Do you need printing any kind? Send to And Building Material.
yellow, white, p nk. etc., flesh. Seedlings DaCosta Printing and Publishing House,
crops be plowed under in a green stateor from very best selected fmit. Prl'e, two to Jacksonville, Fia CHARLESTON, S. C.
mown for hay without losing the three feet, $i r er iOO: one to two teet $5 per

planter S.f Narcoossee. 100 tla., 140 per l.CuO. MAX FAWCETT,2531Send Ormond,

We do not know of'any.one who has "D"
circulars fait
for my on coring nick
made this distinct test. It is usually allowed cattle, or.lost of appetite. Guarantied. Price
to seed itself each year. Any an- of medicine, thirty-five cents, by mail If my
swer we might make would be only con- conditions: re ormplled with, I will' cure or Hardwood AshesRank
pay for them. It han cured tome bad cases of
jecture. Has any one of our readers tried bog cholera. W. G. TILOHMAN, Pa.:atka,
the plan of mowing beggar: weed for a Fla. 2-5-ltt '
number of years in succession at the hrad of the list for quality


B., Dade City. The pamphlet issued by* pointed pole agent of the Diamond White And Take the Lead Everywhere.They .

the Bradlev Fertilizer Company, "Or- Grape Write Company me far special for Florida terms and for vineyard Georgia are obtained from mills manufacturing car and wagon timber, and where no other

anges and Vegetables in Florida," will planting. Great inducements offered. fuel is used than the best of hard woods. No other brand Is obtained from sources that Insure

be sent"free to any one on application, 27 l-2-4t E. DUBOIS,Tallahassee, Fla. so uniform a qualltjr. A Dollar forested In Diamond "D" Hardwood Ashes will buy

Kilbv street, Boston. Mr. J. A. Harris All kinds of book bound and made as good more actual plant food than in any other fertilizer ou the market.
as new. Send to DaCosta Printing and Pub-
Buffum of
and F. C. speak highly
very 1 shlng\ House,Jacksonville, Fla. ACTUAL RE&UI/TS
this brand of fertilizer from actual use
I will sell,or exchange
of it. The pamphlet is very interesting. VINEYARD I for a bearing; orange That are the outgrowth of experience are more convincing than mere theory based upon

grove. my celebrated Andalusia vineyard, chemical analysis or a printed formula, hence the grower who baa proven to his own satis-
considered the brat vineyard in the Mouth, In laction that pure, unleashed hardwood ashes will make a thrifty and productive grove or
Does This Interest You?
order to jr:,ve all my time and attention to the
improvement and considerable enlargement orchard on thelightestsoil. ,and that,too, for less money than by any other mtaas, will tll-
The attention of the readers of the FARMERAND of my Han Luis vineyard. }!;. D U BO 18, tlfy to the merits of this brand,for he will at once recognize In them the ".tronl"'" aahet
FKUIT-UKOWER is called to the adver- '
tlerne t ofOsg' ol & Thompson, of Blng- l-22-3t Tallahassee, Fla. he ever used For prices, terms and other particulars. ,address,
hampton Y. This term make specialty All kinds, << books bound and made as good C. E. DiPUY, ..
I' of lo tundard grade of scales. Write them as new. Send to DaCosta Printing and Publishing
for limit ated circular.BEECHAM'S. House,Jacksonville Fid. .toerbridge, Miebigaa.

For B lie or exchange Northern property
two orange groves of five acres each, and AGRICULTURAL TOWN OF
house and lot; or will exchange for orange
grove north of Orlando. J.E. GKOVKK!: Port
,PILLS McINTOSH Marion Florida.Located
= Tampa, Fla 12-23-8t County, .

.A.CZ' ,T.'I""Wr"la 3 A.GrEO: Beggar Weed seed, pure and free from. chaff. on Orange. Lake, the home of the native orange. Rich high hammock lands,
Quautlty'requlred per acre, 4 to Gib* ; price
ON A WEAK STOMACH per pound. e., ((0 pounds for*2. Add lu cents riding leventy-flre feet above the lake level. Flourishing orange groves. Prominent vegetable ,
per pound aria, If order is hipped by n aU. shipping point. Well watered. Natural drainage. Railroad, telegraph, post efflce
-ts. a, :B X Place orders at once with ExCELSIOR*ED and scheol fa:ilittea. Universally pronounced one of the very best locations the Stab
Germond Kenka
FARM, Jno. A. Manager, ,
OF ALL DRUCCISTS.' Fja. 1'l-25* An Inspection will satisfy the moat critical. Inquiries may be addressed to

Ail') kinds of books bound and made as good: y' S. II. GtlTSKILIi.
as nf"'. Send to DCot Printing. and Publishing -

I CURE FITS Macartney Route. roses,Jacksonville make beautiful, Fia ,evergreen* SPRAY YOUR FRUIT TREES AND VINES.

Plants and for
When I aay Cure I da not mesa merely to stop>>them sale.stock-proof M. ONE hedges.'LL, Falrbank, Fla.cuttings 12-18-161 Wormy Fruit and Leaf Blight of Apple:, Pears Cherries, Plum Cur-
teg tlma and then haTe them retain again. mesa culls prevented by spraying with the EXCELSIOR spgY
a FOR SALE CitWAr-GOO acres of splendid PUHPJ.GRAPE and POTATO ROT prevented by using i&CEX lOX.
I save mad! of FITS. EPILBPSTer -
radial eves.
thejreasa farming land within ere mlle of Jark -
on- also
ci XNAP ACK SPRAYER t Injurious Injects wheli infetCnrranto
FALLING SICKXfiSS a lif .1onZ atady. 1 vllle. The tlne.fart of 'Und in Eva t Wr- Ooo6oben1e and Strawberries. PERFECT
w.....any rea*dy to euro the'wotat asos.' Boeoasa ida." Address Box Jacksonville. Fla. FRUIT ALWAYS ELLS AT GOOD PRICES
etbera lean faded tf no reason for Dot now receiv'.ng a,. 11--3-- Catalogue showing all/ Insect to frulta mailed free. Large
'"" 'COM. Seed M once t.r a treatise an3 a Free B tt a of Dot 0'1 need stutlonerv of any kind-paper.ri.g stock of Fruit Trees, Vines and Berry Plano at Bottom prices ,'*
my tnfiHJbln remedy. Gift JiqJrees and Poet Oflce. and J ipk?.v Send to'DaCoata.Printing andPublishing I
K. CU HOOT, H C-, 183 Pearl Su,'N. T. Uoube,Jacksonville, Fla;', Addretf,WM.STALL,, Qaiaey,Ullaoi

i : .: .




., ..

i -. "


r ":"
-- --


tttl al OWEfl Cheap 'Vabslltnte' for glass on hotbeds, MAY'S_NORTHERN

( {r.ARMIRSAt11ANC t..r.u.Nruw( THE BEST, IRRESPECTIVE OF PRICE. cold frames, etc. Three( grades, Light, Me- CROWN

rg 1 diem, Heavy.

For Florist, Gardeners, .To- Earliest, Hardlest'SEEDS
1 Most
CHAS.. W. DACOSTA, Pubilshcr.f f 1 I bacco Growers, etc.

., }' Protects from frost, promote hardy Tlgor-
Term of -' J I one growth. Will not brink or mildew.
I : Subscription, .

j For one year..............., ..............|2 00 R

For six months ....,..................,.:_-.'l 00
ti 49* Subscriptions la all cases cash In advance -

a and no paper continued after the expiration -
... For sale by leading dry goods houses, se ds-
of the time paid for. I 0 9I men, florists, etc. For circulars and samplertppb t

Rates of Adrertlslnff.on app J at1on. + ,


Postal Letter t, South St.,New York,N Y.
E Note Money Order or Registered |
s Agents wanted. ---OFFER NO. O.
to order of I
Also waterproof covers from 2X cents per

-' J. J. CALhtOUN & CO., ., Sarllest and best pea ereroffered. Finest flarored.BUREHEAD .
AND FRUIT GROWER, :,, CAB8ACE. Surest headin*Tar-
I T. V. MUN80N,. 'etJ',exce1IenC-Quality. W. Xiune of Kokamo., Ind..
t Jacksonville, Fla. BXCLUSIVJC DKALKR3 UITSS Snreheadesceeds anythiuit 1 ever savr in tbeabbageline.
: Out of some ioo plants not one failed tc
NURSERY MAN.The x>make a fine solid head. GREEN AND COLD
Of the many device that have been Invented WATERMELON Ear'leal Jursre melon. Co>5 *

making farm fence*,the picket and NATIONAL, TYPEWRITERAND Introducer great and good RADISH.ich golden color A) handilOmeextra and delicious lUTor.earb"&rtet7'. CARMINE, often I :

wire fence Is evidently now taking the lead; .rr Lasle trawberrr irooucinff radishes in 20 days. Test Northern
Crown Seeds and be convinced that they an
and Justly so from the fact that It can be.built SUPPLIES.B2K fasnubellffermatt GRAPES.Brilliant uperior to all others. We' vend a large parkagvutch
cheaper than any other good fe ce,and will) Jaeger of the above named varieties and the of Fi 20cts e.tII1.Itrat.dratal.tt..everpnbiishedonreceipt t.I

turn any klcd of stock with perfect safety, Wtst Bay, Street, Il.mm.I FLOWER SEEDS| FREE. E'.n..' ndin?
I Will mall his valuable' catalogue" ,of tried and
llrer, mentioning this paper number of offei
and will stand longer' without repairs than,' JACKSONVILLE FLOBIDA Southern: fruits tr,.. Addrsss, rill receive extra one package each of th followlnfteedfi
any other fence now in ue. The Jarrett IP climber ere
T. V. MUXSOIf! Denison,Texas ntroduced.IKgrowetoahightof: tOorSOfeet.: sndyrolInrea
Fence Machine Is a simple device weaving i C1"".+wl t i Please mention this paper 1 41-( k.B4r.4. .f pure ..UI I. bi!_.... ECEFORDJWZET
cs z ".. PEAS introduced by Chas.Eckford of England -
the Combination Picket and Wire Fence to .
c c.cl : hnacpentyears}porfectln this beautiful
to the rosts In the field,or by It,the web can j w w.;.a;.2i x:9! lower. KAY'S CATALOGUE, the most complete
Tg;,4o ... jrer publuhed, over *OO l>lo-lratlBB :
be made in a shed or building oJd times I I CI= = ,late .f OUCMI...... MARKET jOARDEN-
and stretched up when it i U convenient do 3 :1-_ i_ HAWXEYEGRU ERS Trill do well to Bend for otu"wholesale
I .c. :4aocS E>rlce-llst:, mailed :JF'XIXQZ: ] on aUcation. -
so. No farmer should but'd fence until he ._:::go.. ..:: MACHINE.Works L. L. MAY & CO.,
has written to S. H Garrett, Mansfleld.O ... lIu r.,.. ... e..d.r en and Flo-ists. St. Paul, M'nn.
s= I)
for catalogue of machl and whole sale prices ., -<"CI," .ao

of wire, pickets, etc., direct from factory to aoYo o-wver ea A ;, 7C

farmer. I ..5i l.itherSTANDIHSiTIMBER on C A ato

= gQ 0
[NEW SUBSCRIBERS ONLY.)] III iwe...,)2.Q'tj-ptoaMh = STUMPS.Will .
:: S .. pull an or
awsAaoak. dlnarr Grub o Wxb
: m i MINUTES ou
BIGPremiumOffer -
.g .
jI .aQ..8.ao.l'.. .. CLEANSWEEP 3Y
: J! Ii .f two Aarec. at s slttU..A ms.,a b.r..'a k.rMeaa.p.r...
,;tiii! !: ... H.)k *TT Ckala*r r.d.to aaadla Tit.er.p n a few M
..=c ....a"e ..r..the first Jar will pay for tbs Mtehia.. It will enly....
1 y.. a poItal.ar4 to MU* for aa m..tra.s Ca&&loru. clvlrlM N y.Q
I .f.I/O haM tens and Wed...alal.. "'4r..* tll. ."rMi.r.r..
3'p fi21 o6Clta dAMEs MILNE A .ON, SHTIII 8IIYE, I8VA.A .
tl.c.:. ... 3 .9
TUB .. '''CI- J -....'
i'L"ORIDA.Dispatch c S:: : t a
-""' '' C1 '' ga M C = N+NZ
Farmer and FruitGrowerFor .8.. i-= :;:a.=Ii E t
... C ;' ds.
b. .V. ow ....
-1 one year and a copy ofWhitner's .. C'a' kif.: ."J'i ":f'U ANN
1.A 1II!! \a;. : E ;= Co
."..a =t IS...11 5 .'tI c:!S... Q
in Florida
Gardening -- "-..cIrIICo FlcCE
) J 5 :a ;asx"oooQ M t1CANA c p
ALL FOR :2.00 cCO "o 2.e.=...c.........<:!....-. ..-d D [ NC1l r
.. $ ...... c: ; ... rIJ E sC:HQ 0 : '
...- m1..! ,,!I"0 ....II. c !... g
.. Q .1i"' ( :
t1 g' Whitner's Gardening In Florida is a .L.I !all E c."!' d '5...
E o 1!! C'i: .:z i'1
handsomely printed and bound book of i. : CI C"a 21!*..'t-::!SI cVO"H
I I. t0e'.a' .!lri 1! =
250 pages,b:Ing a comprehensive treatiseon C LI. (I).sJ e 0.c.!;. ",, ;:5 itU pamphlet of Information and abtnct eve rn a
of the laws,Showing IIow toOS aiw154
tl. ,
et itJ
the vegetable and tropicalproducts: of -gg ::tJ e"i= Obtain Patents, Caveats,Trade itre.ethrtlgIi L D[ PapelO/i/ZPLZTItwt.w is ar. .
: ? :c;H fcr5*4J0 Marts, Cop rf gbia, tilt(( 1rcc.Addrw nrmll Roll TXBATXnT-ft M 4w Ira ,
Florida, by Prof J. ,N. Whitner, A. M. '8. i tai ..S!f MUNN Co. he.Wetly fr..*o I U .,nd r.rJr| fe.s/As

This book is much sought after for its I t0C>.'Ipoab.S" .eaw; '' 112..d.....0.. =bws o..g:! 361 New Broadway.Y.rb uER RMk E Mauiwii. co.bUJaglALO,11..Y.

practical information I =- O..t"= .... CI.J Itg
; .
a.c ..e c: =c
the book and e0p<=""lIp 00. ,,00 :
$2.00 buys our
....Q-.... -... e...of"fil -..
E t; c;'" .
paper for one year. ::=!ewlS..=.r0iQi7ie:! !
,. o E hw9.lgq S
This is certainly a grand offer. Sendin -

orders at once.


lor Jacksonville, Fla. 3 TON X35.U. D. M. TsJtsr&Go'slUtutrated


t DUO IN TWO 1IINUTJCS. I White, Silver and Golden Vyandottes; Or: -DellT d at roar R.B.Station sad ampI.time for SEED ANNUAL]
The coming digger It I White and Barred Plymouth Rocks; light building and tectiac allowed. baton aootpUoM.OSGOOD&THOHPSOHBnghamtontN.r.. For 1891 will be maH.d FREE
will boreaho'ewhere.o B rah mas; White. Silver, Golden and W. (J.B. J. [to all applicants,aad to last season's J _
other anger will workIt Polish; Rllver and Black nambuigp; : \customers. Itisbttttrthaiiever.,
A 1* the only post hole Brown and White Leghorn; Houdang; B.B. Krerr pmoa usinr Carder,
digger: that will empty Red and Pit Games. Also,Geese,Duck*,Ban flfwr.r Pitta Stidt, .
the dirt U..U bytouchlpg tams and Gulnras in variety. I tau bwt a.w&rly hoold send fir it. Address
aI] prtng. Get the agency I have the agency for the Monitor Incubator ++rI.y D. M. FEftftY A. CO. 0
& IUI"ourt'ounty. Write the best and cheapest In the market. ..v tfer th.P.IHc. OCTflOIT. MICH.iLartettSeedimenlatkewisUj.
.. quok.! Address, Address, C.:C. PAINE Too w
Cu.rrtc Sirsur Mm. Federal Point.Fla perb p<'LvUadVAUGHAN -
Sprtnsfltld. is j b.J Sed
jlffl l A Tsf IroUtoM taU Sprlac.u4 .
: 111 1 11 I I 7" w. 'by The Garrett Picket &Wire Fence Machine :
y = 3..... I JHi Ua t buy Ux Wn with
'-:d K IE.lHII W.ar.i to the posts.A unl-

W ft"c &&%iSSTh Cataiodae U wiry eampl.*.a aD MWM farm Iee4I.
>'8 SEED STOnE,Box 6S8,.CHICAGO. paid. Agent<< .r.-. pert
o Intf big tale Machines
JEWETT UIIIHMI Wire etc.. at wholesale/
& DWIGHTCO. direct from factory to
MANUFACTURERS vabject to SPASMS an mon llkrfr troubled with A TC U TCTHOMA8 P.SIMPSON,Wash. -Farmers wbere I bare DO' .
SHIPPING WsamMS The beat rMnedy f or thl>u the MlfJbrate4 TA1 tn I O fee agent. C ui "fret. Address ,;
'i ,I101 PERFORATED TAGS. ..B.A.FAHNE8TOCK'SVIRMIFUOL8eeD. In lon, D. O. No ally's the manufacturer,
ptNMptt pRINT !' .00 yean to DM and never f.*.. Obiirrr par1'1cQo until Patent obtained.. Write for Inventor'aOuldo
CHCINNoTNI |*jy f&at tt?laitUls are S.'X tto avoflag1< : j' 4 S. GARRETT, MANSFIELD, OHIO.-,

4i 3A'



.: .' ;' ,' ... ,
J '

r w




corr. : L 0 Latest Designs in Parlor and Bedroom Suites in Antique Oak

;1 oarleace .J.:' '7' Mahogany, Cherry, Walnut and Imitation Hall Stands,
$ tJ
_::: o licite ., 8 Bed Lounges, Willow, Reed and Rattan

'. Goods, Desks of all Kinds and
'WE SELL ii JVD A n. "i* Styles.




Carpets. Mattings., Curtains, Window Shades, Hanging Lamps, China and

Crockery Sets, Tin Toilet Sets, Mirrors, Curtain Poles and Brackets. _

Hotels Boarding Houses, Shins, Steamers, Offices and Private Residences Furnished from Top to Bottom.

..When writing,please mention this paper.


Jacksonville Florida.

;Dealers: ; in and Manufacturers of High Grade Fertilizers.


Orange Tree. and Truck Fertilizers. Cotton and Corn Fertilizers.-

All Grades of Fertilizer Materials on Hand at Lowest Marie: Price*.

We. manufacture all our own floods at South Jacksonville. Our fertilizers are made from the best materials.

We have rece tly purchased the factory and good will of the South Florida Fertilizer Co., at Orlando,'Fla

.... J. ALEX. LITTLE Secretary an ( Treasurer,





Vegetable Fertilizer Bradley's. Orange Tree Fertilizer. DIXIE WATERMELON.. j j.A
New Southern Variety* wj> Xett an. ..a shipper and tcitkfut a prrr i.
1 quality sea pmdvttit........ It..a cross between
Bone and Potash. the celebrated Kolb 0m and that old delicious
Fish and Potash. ...,.
Y variety the Mo*+tai*S. Possessing the good
1 + qualities both parents,tt it the ...*frrfmfroi
rm / "Pnre Fine Ground-Bone 5c.t 40c. 1-4 Ib.
16e t 2 Pkts eZe | ;
:" Dry Ground Bone .1.2,5; Pound,*4.5O| lOlb..$4O.OO.
of Potash.
Sulphate '
Tb..srlieet Mnskmeluo crown. Uniformly
rich hmciomly sweet,and very prodnctlre. Itis
closely netted ..shown in eat. Flerh verythick '
Tobacco Fertilizer Sea Fowl Guano, Patent Superphosphate ol -; and of pale green color. Netted Betnty;
when known will rapidly popa1a.rUeltlle1f as the

Lime, Muriate: ,of Potash, Nitrate of Soda, Kainit, Sc. ,, use best or of market.all early Price Cantaloupes pkt.> I5c.t for either oz.3 horn e.11 P.
J 1-&Ib.g1.OO| Yoand$3.ou.- j's
BRADLEY This Cumberland magnineent Co..w....Jersey Tomato,when originated) they. hare in
FERTILIZER CO. been gram with great profit by a few tracker Ipowa.
Vigorous : skin: .remarkably touch! and
,keeping sag time after makinf
.:;them a moot desirable and
IBOSTCXKT, IMLA.SS., I 1lED. shipping. Very smooth, handsome shape f and
a beantifal rred easy Price,pkX 2Oc.|
Branch Office, A.TJGHTSTA., QAW. Tim 3 pkt..bUc.; 1 pkts.8 IMO.
THESE THREE STERLING NOVELTIES for 1891 are withoot link Large planters
} can order them lfb.rsllywith the aasnranoe of sooesss. In order to introduce' them we will mad 1 pkt
.J. POLLARD, Manager. OSCAR E SOLAN, Fla. Salesman. each(which amount at retail prices to AO cents),tocether with a copy.of oar handsome':: and complete
GARDEN aad FARM HI AN DAl,on receipt of only 3O Crete t ere.p..r.elwr. Order now.
Mb- Correspondence Solicited. JOHNSON & STOKES, SEEDSMEN, *17 & es S&SS&Wt" 9.

.' ---


GLEN ST. MARY NURSERIES y<.u Buffer will any foim of thUfrrlbleloalmorue .
disease and dridre 'to get currti A
promptly. permanently stud cheaply, use
G. L. TABEK, Proprietor, Glen St. Mary. .FIa. Turkish Electric Ointment. Immediate relief -
Actloncool and anything. lUll theon'y'
v 250,000 Trees, 200 Varieties. All home grown. It will pay you to remedy the wotd! ,and cut CM th*worst cases
In existence. ef\t by mil"rn receipt' of one
write to us before purchasing elsewhere. Send for catalogue and price list. I, dollar-no tree wimple W.me in buslneM
Special prices on large lots. \ Don't hesitate,but remit at once,and audre-a
plainly, TTJEKISI1 FIIAIOIACY 0., Albion,
200,000NIAGARA3BUD Very cnoicc Niagara grape root'*.

"' ..ata... Nursery. C.., Tboma ,
CUTTINGS Flre-bnd '
cutting of Niagara
nne. Georgia. ..wr wvt, TOO,000 grape tor tale cheap. '
Both from old bearing Ines,well matured
These cuttings are"all from bearing vines. DIRECT SALES. I wood and warranted true to n.iue.

OSGOOO"'U.8. orders must be In by December 1,1890. ATTXTTIOV, FRUIT ASIX VKOKTABXX OBOWKKS I (r'D locate a few very de.l'able bom-
.2. O per 1,000. Orders of 10OCO and steads In South
.81wd.rdSCALES upwards The No.Cutaway 4-feet wide st fl&Sfe cash with Florida.C. ,
7 ,25 per cent d18counL8ate order. lull stock iu warehouse Be.for circulars. I. P OE,
agents for the sale of NIAGARA E. H. EU BARI federal>,State Point Agent Fla 1-2-* Auburndate,Polt C 9., Fla.'ANSY .
and GBKXM MOUNTAIN grape Tines.HAYNE8 ---

and boys. For III'd ,
.tr.ntea young catalogue l
Pioneers of Grape Culture in South Florida I
ddio!'8t Stauntoa Military Academy, Stanton ;
I'M ? ,Mme f Ny .0X488 Orlando ,Fla. ,Va e fs. r .......0.., WJus -..Y'ar

' t4x


i.J .. .>><.

_. .,,. "",. p .- o- s
"'- .
4i .
t ,, -- .! .
"" '"
k" ",J. .
P ,
c "'
:.....;.,:FJffiKUABY_6), 18911 :' __ . THE FLORIDA DISPATCH, FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. :,119 : ,


The Clyde Steamship Go. SAVANNAH LINE.Time f "

53 to 55 hours between Savannah, New York and Philadelphia

.. ..'-- --' and between Boston and Savannah 65 to 70 hours.
: .; c

I "cr, Ocean Steamship Company.

k& ,
I ....,,;. :
,i.;: JII (Central or 90 Meridian Time)

...: .t-.tIt :.', Passage Rates .
Be.ween. Jacksonville and New York: let class moo; Intermediate,119.00;XCxcnrsion H3JO
Steerage, & 0.Jackaonrllle .
I-- : .. and Boston: 187.00: Intermediate$21.03; Excarslon.ff7.90);BteerageJllX<<
Tim Magnitioentgteamahlpe olthia Company are appointed to satins followEFROM


New ',York ,Charleston( and Florida Lines. [Central or 90 o Meridian Time.]
CITY OF AUGUSTA Capt. Catharine.'?.Monday Feb. 21.00 a in
TALLAHASSEE.apt. Fisher.. ,.?... *.Wednesday. 4- LOOP m
The this Line KANSAS CITY Capl. Kempton......... ....?, Friday ft. b3.30 p m
magnificent Steamships of are appointed CHATTAHOOUHEE.,Capt. Daggett. ..- ........Saturday! at 74.oopID
te' sail as follows : NACOOCHEE Capt Smith ..__...... ...._... Monday, 9- eoop m
CITY OF BIRMINGHAM Capt. Bur-.. day. 117.oop m
((8TANPARPTIMC.) CITY OF AUGUSTA, Capt Catharine ............ ..... ...........Friday.. 13- 9.00am
From New York, ., Front Jachsonrllle, TALLAHASSEE, Capt.Fisher .. ... ....Saturday i' 14-10.00am
,PIer 28.E. Be) 81E/MER, Flor da. KANSAS CITY ;'Capt.Kempto -........ ....__..........Monday', 18- 13 m
Trtday, Deo. 36th, at 3 r. x:..* CHEROKEE"..Thursday Jan. 1st, at 8:00 A. K. CHAITAR000IIEE.: .CapUDftKetLWednesday.. M 18- 209pm
I MeBday. Ic. 2Mb at 8 p.x..MSEMINOLEw... Sunday, Jan. 4tb, at 10 A. x. NACOOCHEE.Capt. Smith .__....... .......Frid! ', M 2- 4.OOp m
may, Dec. sut. at 8 p.X.' ."IROQUOIS"X.4'ALGONQUIN" Tuesday Jan 6th at 12 Noon CITY OF BIRMINGHAM,Capt.Burg .. ........... ....Saturday, M 2t- 480 p m
,Friday, Jan. j 3d, at8 r.Mea4ay. Thmsday, Jan. 8th,. kt 1:30p.x. CITY OF AUGUSTA "apt.Catharine......... ..................Honday "' _- 8.00 p to
S Jan. fitb, M 8 P.X."YEMAS8EE"! Sunday Jan. 11th,. at, 4OOA.x. TALLAHA88EE.Capt. Fisher. --_.__........Wddnesday, aieJJOp m
8 !... 'at KANSAS CITYtCapt. ) .. .- ....Friday, 37_ 8.00..m
W Jan. 7that p.MrY/'CHKROKEE' Tuesday, Jan. ISth 6:00: A x: MM
FrSayTjan. 9th, at 3 p."SEMINOLE". Thursday Jan 15th, at 8:00: A.M. GHATTAHOOCHE&Capt. ....... .................Saturday 28- 7.00p m
]K8IHIA Jan. ttth, at8p..Jan. ."IBOQUOIB" "nday, an. 18th, at, 11:00 A.x. FOR BOSTON.
We4ne.&ay. 14th, at S P.x. !ALGONQUIN', ay, an. 30th, at 12 Noon
Fridayedyl, Jan.. lth, at 8 P. K.>.. YEMA88EE-'" Thursday .Jan.Jan.. 23d, at 1:80 P. M. CITY OF MACON,Capt.Lewis,4............. ...--.";.;..... ._Tuesday, Feb. 312m
Jan 19th at 8 P. x. ..:.:CHEROKEE".: Sunday 3oth, at 4001.x.W'Maeeoay GATE CITY, Capt.Doane......,..... .... ...... .,..............Saturday, *4 7- 400 p m
| ;Jan 2it, at 1 P.t"8BMINOLE', ... Tuesday Jan. 27th, at 6: 0 A.x. CITY OF SAVANNAH Capt. Googlna ................. ........Wednesday,. 44 it- e 80 p m
'Jan. 26d,at 8 P..x. ;. ."iRoqui ISH....Thursday Jan. 29th, at 7 A. x.t CITY OF MACON CapU Lewis ......__ .......Sunday', It 1510 Warn
'a Jan.. 26tbat3P.x.'ALG KQV1N" Sunday, Feb. lit, at 9OOA X. GATE CITY,Capt.. Doane.. ...... .- .._..... .......,....,Thursday. *. 19- i30pm
.ay;Jan. 281 h,'at 8 P.M. .."YEMASSEE".. Tuesday Feb. 3d. atllrOOA. M.Frldav CITY Oil" SA.VANNAHtCaPLGooglns. .... ... .... ." 231* 6.3Opm
Jan. 39th, at 8 P.K. ..'CHEROKEE.;'.. Thursday, Feb. 5tb, ,at Noon. CITY OF ........... _...... .. .....Friday, 27- 7.30pm
'jew.i .

.. (This Phlp does NOT Carry Passengers.)

i 'St. Johns ,River Line. DE8SOUGCapt.AlJdna ....... ......... ......_-...........Wednesday. Feb) 4-r 12.3Eipm
DF SOUG/Capt. Asking. ......._................ ..............Saturday.'. ** 14;' 9 30 am
V.. ;. DESSOUQ.CaptAsklns ........,...___ ...........M .... ..,.Tuesday, 21- &30pca
..a. ---'or-: Siuford, Enterprise and 'Intermediate Points on the- St: ** THESE **'PALACE STEAMERS, .

: .. ..... ,.,. ..' ohns.lU7er Connecting with the Sayannsh,.Florida and,Western Railway(Waycross Short Ltee)offer.
'. .. 1ItT.''''' ',- .w ". -to t Public and ', .
iheTraTeliar "-
.. .
', .-.,' 0' .. .. Shippers taeqaaJltd by BO other e. :
_- : Y The' Ele- ant.Iron Bide'=Wheel Steam n ""1" "\ ..1f.!'!7'' 'T. ''--; ". Through- Tickets ,and via Bills Savannah of Laddsc':=For issued Information to pJ Inclpal and rooms points apply North to,East and Northwest",

r ----.. r_:. &O.I: IJ-r'. ': OF. ::3'o.A'C_ :: X:'S .O ;v--l--L:: :. L.E. ..!!...- ,- .J.'.-P. BECKWITH. -'n West yBlre General Jacksonville;Agent; : H. R. CHRISTIAN'71 West Bay,Stl'ee'iJat'boD'TJBe.Soliciting Agent

: Capt. W. A. SHAW_ : R.L.WALKER,.Agent, c. G.ANDERSON. Agent:: '
New Pier No.86, North River New York. City Exchange Building. Savannah G,.
FeECXY: : : : R RICHARDSON A BARNARD Agenta Lewis' ,wharf; Boston.
W. L, .JAMES Agent, 13 8.Third Street, Philadelphia.
'.:. Capt. T. W..LUND, Jr. J. D. HA8HAGEN J Eastern Agent. Sav.. FJa.A Western Ry. Co,261 Broadway N. Y
'AWappofntMtosallfrom,Jacksonville,dally except Saturday, at 3:90 m ,and from G. M. SORREL Gen.Manager. W.E ARNOLD- Gen.Trav..Agt,JacisonvMle, Pta
.. V, .- .> For Tlcketa apply to S ,F.A W.Railway office.E8TABLI8HED.
Sanford,dally except Sunday,at 9 a.:m.

o 1875.JcSVJPU. -

:, Leave Read 8 Down.: 0P. x............ ........... ...Jacksonville. ................,.....Arrtye Read 11:15"U]).. x. WZLaIiLA.M: : : : : : .4.. :: =I.S. '
.. 8f P.,xu.........;..........,....\i.PaUtka .>f....>,.. .. .4..1.' ...,.Leave 7:00 P. x.
'* lao A.x........... ....................Astor....!..... ......!........ 2:00 PX. WHOLESALE
44 2:<6 A.x............................. St.,Francis. ........................ 12:45 p. x.
6eo A.x.,...............;.............Beresford '.........................*. a. 1145A. x.
** 0: 0A.x...............:;:........ .. Blue Springs.*.. ....*.........,.....* llOO.A. x Grain Garden Seeds and Fertilizers
Arrive 8;eo A.x........................... .Sanford... .....*................ 9:001.x. ,
44 9:16A.x. .....................".... ..Enterprise............. '..........;.... 8SA. x.
Also Steamer. EVXBGLAOK: :(freight only) from Jacksonville for'Astor Mondays,Wednesdays 20 \VEST BAY STREET.JACKSONVILLE, FLI e
\ and Fridays at 6 P.x. ,Returning,- leaye';Astor Tuesdays,_ .Thursdays and Batntdaysat << -


V General .Passenger. .and Ticket Office, 88 West Bay Street. .'
r Corn Oats Flour BranWheat
F. M. IRe l8l'fGER. .J'r.,Fla.Pa.s.Agent,88 West Bay St.,JacksonTllle, Fla Hay, Grits, Meal,
1 W. F.08 KN FAY Traveling Passenger Agent,88 West Bay St.,Jacksonville, Fla. :

.J'. 8. PELeT, Frt. Agt on wharf foot Hogan St.,Jacksonville, Fla. COTTON SEED MEAL, Bath Bright anti Dark. ..
..J'eHlL HO WA RB.'Fla.,Frt. Agent, foot Laura Bt.t Jacksonville,.Fla. .
J. A. Les LIE. BupU,.foot Laura St.,Jacksonville Fla STATE: AGENT FOB PURE GROUND BONF,

t MARSHAL B. CL.YBE, Assu. Traffic Manager 5 Bowling Green, New York. J. E. Tygert fc Co.'s
THBO. G. EGEH,Trafflo Maaacer,5 Bowling Green.N.Y. NITRATE SODA,

) WM. P. CLYDE; & CO., Gen' Agents, .Star Brand Fertilizers MURIATE OF POTASH '
IB death Wkswres, Pblladelpbia. A Botrilas >reent.H. T. GUARANTEED ANALYSIS.
Comprising "- w-
Orange Tree and Vegetable' SULPHATE POTASH,

Williams! & Clark Fertilizer Co. "FERTILIZER. KA I NIT, ETC. ..

These Fertilisers have no superior in the market and a trial will conTlnce.

NEW irons. .

Office No. Reynolds St. Aucnsta Ga
:Branch: 729 CATALOGUE, ,

C. D. DUNCAN Salesman. with practical hints to begTiers! ,is worth sending for-. It contains valuable informatleB to ,r"
Florida alL with a list of all the choicest varieties of the citrus family' grows. Peaefeea,
Pears Plums, Apricots; Persimmons, Grapes and other fruit adapted. to a.eUmaie .
of Florida. Our stock Is grown on high pine J land,and Is one of the finest aad largest .
Americus Orange Tree, Fertilizer m the State. IT IS GROWN TO SELL. IF ANY ONE CAN SUIT YOU,WE CAN.
: Every 1aa bnuM haft our catalogue. Free on application. tuft eend your same*wenoR. t
Americus Orange Tree, No.: 2, w. PIJilJlf1F: : endir aniwa'.. 1.Ir rnnw-t...

Americus Ammoniated, ,Bone Superphosphate) ORANGES. LEMONS.

Americus Pure Bone_ Meal, Americus Bone and Potash,, POMEGRANATES,* VAL RICO BURSHRI S BANANAS.

.. Americus Strawberry Fertilizer FIGS,PEACHES.GRAPES.: PINEAPPLES,
,PEARS Tropical and Subtropical. AVOCADO PEARS
Americus of Potash LOQUATS, OLIVES, GUAVAS -
,{;; ;:v"j Sutohate ORIENTAL LtrgiSfeekf( TIrities I TnuNAaJag> ANON A8. ,
,(* ;.y :;.' ; Florida Vegetable Fertilizer. PLUMS AND Liberal'Dea1J c! BOSH N8RIU8, '

." :.!..tw=: '0.F.'W atoe' ".rIn. F1&.l D;. H.Knight\ BeUeTleW'' ,Fla.) ; )(.8.71a.M. PERSIMMONS NUT TREKS,, W. G. TOUSEY, Prop'r: "" CALADIUMS CA .(.'VINES.; ,
'W: P.God .Mhaseela, }j.. ETC., JETC.LLTMES. ,: BAKlK>9BTC.
..... ..#...."..,.... .' .- .': A.p.t;.bs:. .. .) '''".;. . .,> .. : Send for Cstalogne. : .* .--;; -.PAL'Ja- ( S .





: : .
"if. 1-:

n ..
... :i6t. _
: .'" .. $ : 4.... .

'" : .._ -- -- ....---- -..,..

"'- '. : t ,.

:" .. ..,. ." "TERTIL1ZERS.;. l FERTILIZERS.' : '
r 1 <...i fo

,, 1 r 11 r .

Blood and Bone Dark and Cotton Seed Meal
,, '. 1. Bright ,
7. Pure, Fine! # .Ground Bone, '. ... Linseed Meal,

;& Animal Bone, and' Potash, Tobac.co',Stems, .

ft .* '. Bloody Bone and Potash: Canada: Hardwood: 4Ashes' '

>; t' v *: "OMcao-Q Bone Meal, '. Sulphate:.,of.-Potash, &(,.
) '
: : :

.; .. : ; .

:' -v"elle-tab1e azz.d: -:]Jc>-tato' 'Grower. '

-G BO. E., WILSON, Gen'l Afrk, _08 W./ Bay St., Jacksonville Fla.


It ,
-OJ' THJ -
Hade Expressly for the FRUIT AND TRUCK GROWERS,. .FLOR IDA. :
Orange Company Manufactured by the--::"" .

r IlbicBST. 'fcl fains of Distinctive I Varieties of Citrus F Trees a'specialty. Our stock B. Darling Fertilizer. Company, Pawtucket., J& 'I.
v>, !large: anal complete.' Prompt attention to correspondence. For catalogue and $price'II I Southern Offices and Warehotises,-JACKSONVILLE, FLA.V '" t
Baddies; ,. I-. :..- -. A. L. DUNCAN._Manager.. ., ,"-,bnnedin.Fl/i.' ( H. DMA'O 1B1rf, UeneralSaes Agent Bontwlck Building,
tI; I ". ..' i Oar Fertlllierc have given! Universal Satisfaction the past season. Send Cata4otie; ,
vi; "i ..A giving) .price*,".and testimonial,., from some of the leading growers

I I: O'R"'A'NGb 1891 ". Home Grown ;Honest Reliable.
,.: :':O'$:i :: :' : ; : (): .
t. '
,,,,,_;,'"r,4...: ..c:6:0: : ;, '\:I'offer you my Vegetable'and Flower Seed Catalogue for
{$ .. ... 1891 FREE Note the immense Tariety of seed it con
: ::.V.t..t. : ,;. .. ; '.: ; : ;" G' bins,and that all the best novelties are there .Not,
,. much mere show about ft(you don't pictures) ,
_ f.- -.. ED but fine eagrarings from photographs. "of the f
3' '.,?. ., .- choice vegetable:I hare introduced. Would it not
e'q r
: : .l\.. q rA OG ,l>e well to get the seed of these from first hands? To be the
: oldest firm in the United States making mail and express
.. .: .. 'A Special,:.Complete Manure. business specialty craves reliability. Honest and honJforable -
dealing is the only foundation-this can rest on. My Catalogue '
l is FREE as usual.- A matter on'second page of corer will

For Oraige Trees, Yogi : aDd Old, :FftiMfees, Md-Smll Fr&its; 1891- -' .interest- my customers... I J.J. H.,6RE68OT, & SON, Hri>Wwd,, Urn.

,.:Pro: Ucinga'Healthy: t. ;: tgtrous.kGjowih: and: Bfight:::F.irm: Fruit JOIN THE

-4e.q.. v ;" : 'P',?1<:/ '"' ? ., ; *That; !HoWbn'Until-: iris, < Picked i .,p1<: : 4! : :BC: >ME' I.__' .:Ei&' "I41NTI ,

''' ."FEED THE"PLANT- D -.-.* :
': : :r.- .Buifding'nd' Loan
: Association.
U R : : :: ; .
lti.Jl1-- !Y4ABC: I (' -' THE, PLANT WILL FEED Y9-!!. .

'8e4eDtlAc researeb ,verified fby'practical .experiment, have enabled us 'to determine themeet -- And Own a Home..

aaMabie form' of plant,food proJuce not only tweet fruit (the'most sal Able",,tut alsb'heetlibtibod 'f '....: --r.
:: ; 4 ,' .. '
I The terms of this Association have never been equall jd in Florida... It offers terms that
f.-,. We etftlm that our ORANGE GROWER returns v>the soil In,suitable form,and In proper should enable every man to,Instead. of paying rent to a. landlord, have same sum pay for
':','. time those constituents which fruits''abstract,and will give larger yield,by stimulating same property In a few years It offers best terms to

a vigorous' ,condition of the entire plant'-Our-ORANGE GROWER supplies the required STOP A ,MORTGAGE.Write ; .
l e-1emeoae-tplfo t food and ta-sut-able forms. ,
Btpetlf! Bce'has pro a'tt Potash t.i best adapted' the orange tree,and our ORANGE ,for"particulars,to the above named Association >;"'

GROW.coatantalns the largest amount,principally In the form of sulphate. ,The Bone .5 Everett Block, Jacksonville, Fla. :
wed< Is moroquickly available than the raw boned being carefully dissolved*..hence more _
.. ieMH>fe fe4 bj#[the roots oltb6taree. "Ming:failures are recorded with the bone;and-We are PECANS.' .:
r -," ted tolMHlkiVi Hi&tithe soil of.Florida! h'ui*Dot the: power to dissolve, bone,and make plant :.

,food of lt"whloh_a#heavier:soil possesses.; We: have: aimed,to put It In t the.right: form to yield' 'IIAII Large nuts for seed Also, pecan. tree ,
gradually ready for the ,
up Its plant food through the season grove
It ta an unquestionable fact,admltted"'by" all that the growth an orange tree Is the Large Pctper- llell Pecans staff j
laWrWBMiny-) ana we'O afford to wait a whole season for the bone to be rendered 1. { ,
elubta: On the other aand the trees should not be forced by stimulants like fish,guano, PIANOS. Specialty.- ,
Pecan nuts, $1 p'r*
pound oD8.7ear-old
.. 'eotWaflOod'Haeai, ;whlcb;being r4eh In ammonia,are'consequently'too(forcing." Experience. trees1. eache .. -, ,, ?;
has. fortherdemonstrated.the wisdom,of frequent applications of fertilizers,especially on UNEQUALLED IN W. R. STUART
4 lighter lands,wy two'e.r'three times a year, In January,February or Starch and In June and 12-25-2t Ocean Springs. ill...
July. It should be scattered broadcast around the,trees,a little way from the trunk,and as Tone,Touch,Workmanship i Durability r ,..
tar out as the branches:extend and should be worked lightly the soil. About One-half
Baltimore,22 and 21 East Baltimore Street.
poaad should be,applied to young trees when first set out,working thoroughly Into the. soil, New York,-.148 Fifth Ave
'.- that it way!net.come contact with the Under nnts. Another half'pound should be scattered Washington, 817 Matket Space. ",. 2
> around the tree after It is set out,on the surface,and raked in. "
Older trees should be treated as follows: .Two pounds 'for second year,three pounds for tQRGA- UMMEROFFER \ 1
third year,increasing the quantity a pound a year entll the tree is ten years o d. A full. H
beating grove should have' from 1,290 to 2,000 pounds per acreSeed .PIA ';
for pamphlet and prices,and all other information to,

A. M. BOND, General Agent, I .. > t
rBUT -c .
In Aug .
,BQWKER' FERTILIZER_ CO. J Jacksonville, Fla. crops'are October sold.mad spot pay Cash vhn 4MSD-EN" i'4

rrlce.\ The Lowest bowLJaat .
aliUto cash down,baUno BREEDER OF. 1.
F' ...
ISALZEW ; Dooemberlfith.No inter
.,. CROW 4 Our entire tock-oy m k.- Olden White and' Silver t
S. .
-:'. ARETHE BEST" price or t 1e. BEST San ,
FOR A .'SO1L>. EEDS'Li t' mer offer we ever made. Plymouth J Rocks, S. C. Leg t11l8
: "AND CLIMES. Write for Crerlar-' -
My White. Boaaau Oat took the Awurieux 4grinL ALE SUMMER OF'FEB.I89> and Fekii Docks.
Pnoo-. ,, .
:a J..w Ji'N 1Ic.re art poiap. '
I. .BlTtmE POTAT 81AmAmmie' 1890 LINDEN' BATES lit from choice selected stoek at aH Umec.
... -.. \
Oar eftC 4 eta. Choice Fowls at reasonable prt--
-- '
ume.'or a ors (ir.h aas iMS.:01'I at... f "...kuVs SAY .
+C1T-0yAss sOatalesa.tree. .. .".,' .., :.:: ;:,:o The Tliree-DoUar Bone and Shell Mill and
ti .wf
.. lh. .. .. p481 :;;.WLV.1*::*:J.-S ; .,::< ':<::;:s Poultry Cloves Cutter._Prairie State I&ea-
11 pq.......'JI woer 8MIJI.pnNpaid M At:7 E"the neoi 1Sd SRndisls. baton, and'Brooders.. ClreolaM tree.S. .
: A'S4G.HO; ; .L -
: ; : : :
? C R N .Ns ,
.. : rating young men for \Abe active d tteiof lilt.Ihartered THE SELF-RESTflBEB
.fi' IU- f .., ',by tkeLeglslatnre of eta,.aad
t cudorsed by the Chamber of Comserc *Go sdLi
; :udpromiaeat nsotithereociaarcrtal.etrcularsandtestimonials t lei +
,address d eess
; '_RAKS l .e.. .K silt.Yw. i.at. [.CfDUI! )MORE,President.Staeateo,,Ya.' ... ost,361 Coa dos.,EseenYiss.,

... :