Florida farmer & fruit grower
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055765/00164
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: S. Powers
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: January 22, 1891
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note: Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038466
oclc - 01387403
notis - AKM6256
lccn - sn 95026761
System ID: UF00055765:00164
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen

Full Text
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DACOSTA POWERS, .. Jacksonville, Fla., Thursday, January 22, IS.1. Whole No. 1147. sESI>ae I
.. Proprietors*" Yol. Ill, Ho. 4


One and one-half miles: from Peru,Fla.,one- Chasselas Lnttichau best and by week
half mile from Alafla river. 110 bearing trees
the earliest market In Florida.
In first-lass condition, 15 to ]8 years old. They, are the best. They are grown for use in the South. grape
Write for
Good water*healthy locality. Tract containing They .are adapted to our Florida soil and climate. Give them a Catalogue.
70 aeres. Address, P. M.;Peru, Fla. H. VON LUTTICnATT,
trial. Our new catalogue for 1890-91 will be sent on application. j
12-4-U Earle1on,Fla-
,, ,H. G. HASTINGS & CO:,

FARMERS Seedsmen and Florists. Intrelachen, Fla. E LLDRSLIEORANGDNURSERY. ,

Moon's Patent Plow-Colter and Gauge beats .-.
the world. Adjustable to any Plow, one or BBLAWRAE IVES, CYNTIIIANA, NORTON, (Only 300 J yards from depot. -
two hors ,Bares 20) per cent. In labor forman ,BATON, MOYER,and aU leading and new varieties Thousands of sweet seedlings, two to ftr*rears
and beast, and enables you to turn any NIAGARADIAMOND I old. from seed directly from the famous Tucker
'kind of grass,vines or weeds completely of grape vines,Native and Foreign. groYe.' Splendid selection of budded trees, thorn-
;: ot sight. GUARANTEED.: Send for circular. leas and otherwise. Maltese Oral:Med.Sweet.Jags
;' MOON COLTER MFG.CO. HIGHEST* STANDARD: Washington Narel, Tangerine i3eerless, Raymond
Sweet and others. The last named Is a new and
Agents wanted. Hunt svllle,Ala. EQUAL :TO ANY I INFERIOR TO NONE! splendid variety, early and sweet. Our prices aw
the lowest.. Try us and yon will purchase..,;
I For price list,and estimates with special discounts on Address J.C.SUMNEB.Mananr.
& RIPLEY, Care E.A.FA&KA.Kllerslie Pasco co.,flsvQ.
BLAKE large orders,address,
DUBOIS 1804.J.
E. Manager, TATh

FLORIDA FRUIT EXCHANGE, Ban Luis and Andalusia Nurseries and Vineyards,Tallahassee, Fla.

.. Send for price list of FLORIDA WINES. BARNETT BROS., .

Price Catalogues of weekly tales furnished FLORIDA FRUIT EXCHANGE.

s t on application. SAVE TIME AND MONEY. Wuleuh! Commission, Fruits and Tag t&blM.

SAITTA, SON& CO., Prompt returns. Stencils on application.
J JAS. 159 South water Street.ESTABLISHED .Cb1oa Q.

MERCHANTS. START RIGHT, AND KEEP RIGHT by buying your vinesof 1879. -

'f melon.AfeaU. 800 for Georgia cars received,Carolina yearly.and Missouri Leaders those who have had experience and have MADE A SUCCESSOF R ?\{. BURROWS & CO., .

In Bananas and Florida Oranges. Consignments GRAPE CULTURE IN SOUTH FLORIDA and who will FRUIT COMMISSION MERCHANTS
solicited. Quickest and best returns: For the sale of Oranges,Lemons and Bananas
References: Whole fruit trade, Masonic 'instruction and care of vines.
give full to planting
Bank and Co. Bank. as 66
Pittsburgh, Pa.,926 to 964 Liberty avenue. HAYNES YOUNG & BAILEY Ample storage and refrigerators. Correspondence *
New York, N. '*., 88 Park Place and 258 solicited. Stencils furntehed. i
Washington street.Philadelphia Superior Vines References-Mercantile National Bank: Wm.
White Grape Companies' .
State for the Niagara
Pa., Jas.. Baitta, 11 and 13 Agents wards ft:Co.,Wholesale Grocers;Child.Graft it a
Dock street.. and Green Mountain, Wholesale Boots and Shoes; BradctreeU' and B.O
Dun ft:Co.'. Mercantile Agencies; 'Ohio Fanntr1Clereland.
POMONA .Box 492, Orlando, Fla. M. BOEHMER & CO., ,

W ..
L MACCLENNY, BAKER CO., FLA. FALI No.625 Liberty Ave.,

Propagators of a general line of fruit trees adapted Commission Merchants, Dealers in Foreignand
Ar' Co Florida aad the Gulf States. Florida grown peach THE PAINE FERTILIZER
Domestic In lots
aad Oriental plum specialties. Fifty rarleuesof Fruits. Oranges car a
t peach and fifteen of plum. Peach on both peach specialty.Consignments.
cad Martaaaa plum root". Apricots, nectarines, FLORIDA. and correspondence solicited
alffioads agent employ peeaas..Jennings Correspondence Florid solicited.apple eta No Office 50 West Bay Street, Warehouses and Wharves at the terminus of the F.C.A P.B.B, Reference German National Bank. F
St.Johns River,East Jacksonville.

PATENT GRAZING MUZZLE. Manufacturers of Commercial Fertilizers. L% BOSTON,

'# AlIO'WIHock of all kinds to graze and pre Wholesale dealers In and Importers of all kinds of Agricultural Chemicals. OF
vents Trees and shrubs much general Information References: Dr. Henry Foster,Ovledo,Fla.
browsing. fully pro- mall from time to time
Send us your name and we will yon
, leeted. Capt.B F Whitner, Fort Reed, Fla; First
. culture In FloridaThe
, regarding successful orange and vegetable
National Bank, San ford, Fla.; 8.P.&UIh.
References, 8. B.Hnbbard Co., Jackson: Lady Lake Fla. J. W Roberts, Orange
Statlon Jas. P.
the State.-Florida Experiment -
Recommendation Obtained In
villa Finest to
Bend,Fla.:Dr. L. L.Newsom. ce \City
Price. ,L26 each at factory. DePass, Director. Fla.: Fourth National Bank, Boston; H.
LAKE CITY,FLA.,Oct.29 1890. Harris
,. MOREMEN A A Co., Boston.
CO.l.8w1tserland ha. MESSRS.E.T. P PAINE SON. Dear Sirs-I have used your"Orange Tree Food"on my
grove' for two years. and my trees are growing very finely. It Is an WXJfCTU/C( #* and I s. PALMER,
can recommend Umott highly. Yours truly, .x..uxrABs. G
" J. BEACH & SON., TAMPA, Fuu,Oct.2)),1890. 166 READE ST., NEW YORK. a
A NURSERYMEN MESSES.E.T.PAINE&So r. Gentlemen-I am so far satisfied with the results obtainedby SOUTHERN PRODUCE A SPECIALTY.
..' the use of your "Orange Food" Fertilizer, of which I used over 60 tons the past season.
Jiy fruit Is very firm and heavy. Five years continuous use of this brand shows that It pro Oranges,Lemons,Pineapples, and all other
PALATKA, FLA. daces a thin ton{h-skinned fruit which carries to market under average conditions In excellent Fruits and early track, also, dried fruits
Not *"bad order" did I receive the past season. The wood growth nuts furs,eta
one report
Trees aad Plants of all kinds suited to this ; shape. and lU consignments promptly- remitted tor.
I obtained by the use of your fertilizer Is not as great as by some others,but Is HEALTHY
oHmato. Camphor trees a specialty. Also CKBTAIN. :Yours truly, J. M. W.ATROUS. Stencils References and:market Bradstreets reports, and furnished established free-

Japan Cfeestnuts, Pecans and Japan. Perslm- merchants and banks of the South.
: meHa.. .
- & ..ate"over.: : MOST: lETST: B. MAXFIELD & CO., '

BjtpiiIlerllllicotI&Co's O } '
ROOFING FELT costs ]>]> Receivers of Fruit Florida and Oranges Tangerines.,Lemons,(Grape

OBI, ..00 per leo square feet. Makes good Complete Fertilizers for Vegetables and Fruit Trees. Analysis and prices upon application.BAKER FANCY FRUIT
reef for years and anyone can pat It on. Send BROS. S'tateApnta. 'STRICTLY ,BOTH IN QTTAUTT
tamp for,sample and full particulars. with AND PACKING IS OUB HOBBT.
QUJC Co. GEO. W. BAKER'S ROTTED BONE MANURE, Decomposed Potash. 1196 per Stenoilsfnrntahedfree. .
>d- *il West ELASTIC Broadway ROOTING,New York., ton delivered. Guaranteed Analysis. Send for Catalogue and samples. }t&f-ere Chatham National' Bank,N.Y.J :. #
Palm Fla.
BAKER BROBn Special Agents, Springs, Jas.A.Harris,Cltra, Fla.
Leeal Al'eJI" Wanted. 'LOW PBICM ON TOBACCO STEMS IN CAS'LOT!. Prompt returns on all consignments.q : ::;


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BOX. SIDES, Bangor (Eaton Extra Thick)..'...............$5.00 per 100 Boxes.
\ Gum (Extra thick) whole sides car.lots.....:::::::... 4 4.75.75 ittt ttn INSEGTII1IDE---THE EUREKA:
,_: S "
car lots.... 4.50.II tttt
BOX HEADS, Spruce and Florida Pine..... ............ 5.00 LIQUID-
BOX HOOPS, Best Birch. .
S "'''' ''''''' '' '' '''''''''''' 4oc per 100
11 '". .car,lots..'................. ..'........ 37 xL c per 100 Single barrel or_ less, 300 per gal.

.. Mixed...............:.................... 30e per zoo Five barrels or more, 250 per gal. ,
.> .tt' tt car 1 lots................. ........ 2272 rL c per 100 '_
", ,ORANGE WRAPS, 9x9, 8c; 10x10, 93C; nxii, nc; 12x12, 13c per POWDER- "
Ream of 480 sheets.. *

'S LADDERS c. Spruce Pine, Oak Rounds...........10 to 25 feet, 15 c per foot. '10& 20 pound cans, 5c per pound.

". ," ", ............25 to 29 feet, 20 c per foot. SPRAYING MACHIWEBY. Nixon Nozzle and Machine
..... ...... to feet .
i 31 36 25 c per Co. from -
ORANGE CLIPS, $r. at $10 to $70.-Clean your trees from scale by spraying with the '

CANADA HARDWOOD ASHES, pure. and dryi8.oo per ton. Eureka at the beginning of the growing season of January or February. (,

BERRY. GROWERS' SUPPLIES. Standard and Gift Crates, Baskets; Send for circulars 1 giving all the requisite information.3U. ,.

: .: etc., ,as cheap as the cheapest T TH,..ANT.. Jacksonville Fla .



-The :lP1Cr.1da D1.pa"toh. Lixi.e-: : :

S : r With the' Magnificent Connections.


The Great Fast Express Freight System of the South.

The attention shippers 11 directed to the Plant B. 8. Line between Havana,.Key West and Tampa:and South Florida Railway between Tampa and Sanford,S.,F.&W.By.be-
tween Jacksonville,Gainesville,Bainbridge, River Junction and Savannah,Savannah and Charleston,and Ocean Steamship Line between Savannah,Philadelphia,Boston and New
York,and Merchanta and Miners Transportation Company between Savannah and Baltimore The best equipped,fastest and most prompt lines between all points In Florida and all
.points North and Northwest. Re aelven and Shippers will profit by.the following unparalleled connections:
Double dally fast freight service, for all points West via Albany,Jesup, Bainbridge and Double daily fast freight service from all points North and West via Albany,Bainbridge,
Savannah. Jesup and Savannah to all points in Florida; fast freight trains both via Gainesville,Jacksonville -
Dally fast freight all rail connection via the Atlantic Coast Line to all Eastern,Interior ,Callahan and Live Oak. '
and Coast points, Including. New York,Boston, Philadelphia,Baltimore_, Washington. _andFour ships a week by the fleet steamships of the Ocean Steamship Company,sailing from
ProT1denoe. New York(New Pier ,North River,)direct for Savannah Monday,Wednesday,Friday and
Four connections a week for New York via Ocean.Steamship Companyleaving Savannah Saturday..
Mondays, Wednesdays,Fridays and Saturday -- The Boston and Savannah Steamship Company's steamers will leave Boston Jan. 8.
Two connections a week for Baltimore,via Kerchanta' and Mlner'Transportation. Com- 12,16.20,24 and 28 for Savannah direct,making connection on the dock at Savannah with fast
pany,,leaT-lng Savannah every Wednesday and Saturda1'. freight trains for*11 points In Florida.
Connections for Boston via Boston and Savannah Steamship Company,leafing Savannah. From Philadelphia via Ocean Steamship Co., leaving Philadelphia Jan. '10 20, 30 and
Jan.10,14,18,22,28 and 30. : every five days from regular tailing day via New York to Savannah.
Connections for Philadelphia every ten daYs via, Ocean Steamship Company. ,leaving From Baltimore via Merchants and Miners Transportation Co. every Tuesday andS
Savannah Jan 15 and 25. Friday, making close connection with S.., F.& W.Ry.for all points In Florida
'.Sailing days for Steamships are subject to change without notice. .
The Florida Dispatch Line Is the quickest and best freight route from all points North,East and West to Florida. For full particulars,rates,stencils and shipping receipts apply to
; ,, any agent.of the above lines,or to WM.HARDEE, ,Genl Freight Agent,Savannah,Ua.a .
D.OWENS,Traffic Manager,Savannah,,Ga. W. M. DAVIDSON, Gen'Traffic Agent, Jacksonville,Fla.
:J.A.BrorrawooD,Trav.Agt.,Gainesville,Fla. J.P. ORDAl',Trav.Agent,Quincy. J.E. DBAYTON,Trav. Agent, Jacksonville. J.H.STEPHENS,Agent,Jacksonville.

Established, 1856. zoo Acres'in Fruit Nursery.FRUITLAND JOHN CLARK, SON & CO.,



;5. Augusta, Georgia Coal Hay Grain Wing Liquors Cigars Tobacco Etc.Orauge'valiey
s.t, .
We offer for Fall and winter delivery an Immense stock of Fruit and Ornamental tree, .
S Roses, Palms,etc.. suited to Florida. All the new Peaches lately originated In Florida. JACKSONVILLE, FLA.
. Also. a superb stock of Evergreens,Camellias,Greenhouse plants,eta ,
Our products have been tested In Florida for thirty-three years past. Catalogues free. PRICE LIST OF WHISKEY.
Parker ____.__f..'2'5 J. (dortinVirginia R'eN.NM.__.._.....>.l<3.00
.No Agronts. Axldreas, ___.._....:..... 2.00 Giadca_____ 4.OO
pringr VaneJ"......_........_.__ 2.5O I Old'KourbouNNN..N.NN-N 5.OO
.. .P. J.: BRRGKMANS, North Caro laa Corn..........a 2 fiO Kentucky Sour Plash........_ 8.OO
Augusta, Ga. Clifton Club...............___,-,.FTmontrose ...._ Old Baker_____.__NNM 5,00
Jngs extra: 1 gallon 25c., 2 gallon 50c., 3 gallon 75c. Remit by post office
CLEAR WATER NURSERY money order, check.or registered letter. We cannot ship C. O. D. to dry towns,
A complete price list of Groceries, and Wine list, sent free on application.

' Clear Water Harbor, ECillsboro Co., Fla., I John Clark, Son & Oo.'.:;.,..

DUNCAN BROS' Nurserymen and Florists. :

hundred thousand trees, in Block.. Greenhouse and shade harbors for propa- CUT WORlS !I GRA8SHOPPHRS S !I CATHRPILLAR8.THE .
Q.ORe a fall line of fine Cltras.Oriental and Deciduous Blocks,Tropical and Semi-
5, ,Plants,Ornamental, eta Everything for Florida. Bend for Illustrated

NURSERIES, DESTROYER will kill the cut worm, destroy the grasshopper -

exterminate the caterpillar and all other insects that
,Baatis Lake County Fla.
feed on and destroy the young vegetables and plants. Vege-
OJFsr fer sale lor Immediate planting table and truck growers should investigate the merits of this

A FINE STOCK ,OF ORANGE AND LEMON TREES wonderful preparation. .

For general information prices circulars, etc. address,
O*. ana two year badii J tfiolB.it varieties ,all grown' co pine land. .
117 N1U'HI1WHe entirely traijured b7 the March treeIse. Plant BOW:drlngthe rainy THE SEMINOLE INSECTICIDE,*. '
ieu a. Write tel'Rel' pr1oell. Box 2M. .JaefcseBvlH;'Fla.
: .: <.. G. H. NORTON.: [Mention. this.paper.| .. :.;, '' > ()":. :. ; -
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.$2.00 PER YEAR -

-roue and Ol'c ord. Reeves'Mammoth Freestone.Mr. borne three successive crops of fruit.. "Heceived in Bad Order."
',, R. G. Bidwell, of Orlando, describes Its first crop amounted to about one: Looking casually through the New
-- this peach in his catalogue as bushel ; and its last to three bushelsIt American. Cyclopedia we came
, A Timely Note of Warning1. follows: has thus borne regularly and freely the statement that or upon cent
25 30 per
Editor, Farmer and Fruit Grower I "This peach is a Florida-grown seed. for three successive years, and has of Italian (Florida and, California
The "chap," from Pinellas that. is I ing. It is a freestone, of remarkably fully demonstrated its bearing quali oranges were not much known-

always around-and the 'chap" that fine quality and immense size. Nearly ties. The fruit ripens in July, and then) oranges received in New York were a
no one dislikes-sounds his words of rpund, very symmetrical, flesh white, late specimens hold on until August. total loss.Ve at once wrote to some
warning none too soon in the two ag- well colored at seed ; bright blush on "Mr. Reeves discovered that he firms of fruit dealers, asking for infor-
ricultural papers of theState, in regardto exposed side; seed small, as compared had a good thing when his tree' first mation of current value on this sub-

t Association.the: Orange Buyers Protective .. r ject. Messrs. Sgobel & Day, the
New York of the
Agents Florida
I' have been unable to under- '
Fruit: Exchange, reply as follows :
stand the row'er
why should sell
\ Editor I Farmer and frult-Grower.
to these buyers. They are under _- 4 Your valuedfavor 12th inst. is

actual expenses of not less than ._ { at hand and contents noted.In .
$10 per day. They make more it you request us to state
than the growers do. They,do npt about the percentage of oranges
hustle for nothing. They do not = which arrive here from Florida,
leave or invest in the State their California and Italy, which are
profits. I hear rumors of "intend. found to be a total loss, and in
ed European trips".as a result of reply to same would say that naturally -
two to three months' buying oranges much depends upon the
from the growers. Could keeping qualities in various years.
not the grower save some part of CALIFORNIA.- No oranges from
this by putting his fruit in the that State come to New York,
,hands of those he knows well, to owing to the high freight. Twoor
pack and consign to well established three. carloads Washington
houses he may select, or let the Navels did come last season and
packer consign for him? perhaps the same quantity the season
I am persuaded there are good before, and there may have
men packing oranges in nearly ev- been one carload of the regular
ery centre of orange growing in the fruit. All of these oranges ar
State. These men have put capitalin rived here in almost perfect condi-
packing houses-"cast in their tion. The crop there this year, '
lot with us," and I believe it is our friends write us, is very large, J
for the interest of the owners of and they expect tosend out of the
groves to help out our own resident i., State.4,000 carloads. Prices are
buyers and packers. I am high, say $2 for the regulars and
fully persuaded they will get the $3.50 for the Navels.
most money when they get their ITALY.-Oranges have just
fruit well put up at the regular i tr C z l s i f, wb .4, 11ia commenced to arrive from this
packing houses; and take the ad- point and are aim in perfectly sound
vice of those who are packing condition, as usual early in the
where to consign. ,They will save season; but they are of such fine A
this $10 per day they are .paying +, e r .. color that we have our doubts
the buyers in expenses. Can about the keeping qualities lateron.
they afford to ,sell? Can they Y Last season, during the
contribute $10 per day? If they early part, the oranges came fairly
willsell, first patronize the home : sound but late in the season they

buyers, whose standing they arrived in very poor condition,
know, or. can find out readily by and we should estimate that 20 percent
going to their local banks. ,. just about covered the average -
LYMAN PHELPS. loss through the season; we
Bftnford, Fla.,Jan. 10,1891 mean thit probably 20 per cent of
P. S.-Not merely once have, I the .fruit would have to be
seen a "j*fc" game practiced by thrown away.FLORIDA.We. '
buyers; rough seedlings sten are now* at ,
cilled Major cas;j" green, about the middle of the season,
coarse, uncolored frultsten-' and the has fruit been coming
cllled "Brown's Early." Can the A SOUTH FLORIDA GROWN PSACH i here sounder_ than WQ,

State afford her reputation to be low- with size of fruit, which is very large, fruited, but he wisely kept his coun- have known it to ao lor many years
ered by those who show their willingness some single specimens weighingas sel until it had borne three successive in fact, there is hardly any decay to be
to do it? Here is an item for our much as.a half pound; a.half dozen crops and had fully proven its good seen up to the present time. The
next Legislators to whom, we are told, weighed two and one-half pounds. qualities. The tree isa vigorous principal trouble just now is that the
we must look for many,good things. Quality very fine, sprightly and high grower, and has a dense foilage which I great bulk of the fruit is'of the :A,and '
L. P. flavored. distinguishes it at once from the scant : B sizes, say 96 to 126, and :as most of
This peach is a seeding from a free- foliage.of most of the peaches grownin this is rather coarse it moves slowly.
J;:' HORSFORD'S ACID, PHOSPHATE stone brought from Columbia county, Florida." .SGOHL & DAY."
Florida by S.: T. Reeves of For the herewith
Orange cut presented we
for Messrs.-M. & Co. of
Night Sweats George Chicago
d". county., are indebted to Mr. James Mott, of .- "
'of tens ion, gives sfcedy k jiI. "The tree is six years old, and has'I the Orlando Nursery. reply: <, ;




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If he will Let the trees stand not less than
Editor Farmer and Fruit0rower.We to exhaust the. tree. These remarks successfully grafted. pay
regret there are no data from :may not applicable to the particular me a visit, I shall take pleasure in de forty feet square. Plant only about

which we can answer your query, re- trees in Sumter county, of- which monstrating to him that... it can be two inches deep, cover with some
larding the average shrinkage on Florida you were writing, and the conditions grafted, not only on its own stock, ground and then place a ,mulch of
ae California and Italy oranges. We there may be different. There is but on the hickory. I have some 25 leaves or dead grass over each nut,
have,no statistics to go to for informa, little doubt that a certain degree of trees treated in this way ; some of two or three inches thick. When the

tion, and individual experiences are cold is beneficial to deciduous trees, them, at two years old, having tops 10 t trees are up protect each tree'from'

varied and unreliable. Our shrinkageso and, for the matter of that, even the feet high by 8 in. diameter. I use the evening sun.
far this season on Florida oranges orange is the better for a little while the ordinary cleft graft for medium When one year old hoe :around '
has been none except upon our first, ripening its fruit, but many of them sized stocks. Prefer the tonguegraftfor each tree and mulch well. After cul-

two cars, on which it would not ex seem to get.on without it. Witness, small ones. The double cap-graft, tivation consists in keeping down all
ceed i per cent. We attribute muchof for instance, the peach, plum, per- recommended by Felix Gillett of California weeds, etc., from around the trees,
the decay to picking, fruit prema simmon and even the apple. My has not Succeeded with me. and burning from each tree all caterpillar -
turely and forcing them to an apparent largest Kelsey plum tree has borne If I might venture to supplementthe nests. Stable manure, hog and
maturity, which destroys the keeping for three successive years., It would excellent directions given by Prof. chicken manure, muck, bone dust,
quality. Green fruit, closely packed, appear to be a reasonable hypothesis, VanDeman, in your issue of 25th oyster shells and the like, will be
loaded in a tight car, without ventilation in consideration of the ancestry of ult. I should advise enclosing the beneficial. Wherever the hickory
will force a color at the expenseof the Le Conte (being a hybrid of the scion in a small bag ot mosquito bar. groves.the true home of the pecan is .
the fruit. Our instructions to shippers Chinese sand' pear) that it is less dependent Some years ago I put in some very found. A clay subsoil is also good ;
have been to have cars well ven- upon cold, and consequently fine scions from Texas. They startedoff in fact, it is more difficult to say wherea

tilated, and closed only at or near the., better.suited to this climate than the nicely and then, suddenly and pecan tree will not grow if even a
Ohio River, to avoid frost ii threatened ordinary strain of so-called Europeanpear. without apparent cause, withered semblance of chance is given it. Wetor

otherwise not. Want of ventilation Even the latter, however, give away. Having, after much consideration damp land is also good if drained;
is the principal cause of decay in some promise of success here, two of arrived at the conclusion that stagnant water is not gooand'? causes
the foreign fruit during passage. If the six varieties growing on my place the trouble was probably owing to the hull to blacken and rot. After
an,opinion without data is worth anything having fruited the second year. Theyare I some difference in the arrangement of the trees get three or four years. old, ,
we would say that the shrinkageon all grafted on the Le Conte. A the histological elements in the Florida should any seem not to do well, cut

Florida and California oranges, B.irtlett graft made a growth of ten and Texas trees, I applied to the them down even with the ground ;
would exceed I have the Le for informa i they will soon spring up and astonish
combined, not 3 per feet last summer. Agricultural Department I .
cent on entire shipments; foreignmight Conte on high pine, low land and tion. Prof. Galloway admitted that you with the growth. 1 have had
about cent. Any hammock. Those the unreasonable them to grow ten feet in three years
average 7 per high grey my hypothesis was not altogether -
fruit that requires repacking.: at all will high pine with yellow subsoil do the but failed to throw any by this method.A .

shrink not less than 10 per cent. Re- best. The fruit brings $1.60 per light on the subject And no wonder! pecan tree one or two years old
'greting that we cannot.give you more bushel. Take it altogether, I am de The next year close observation dis is preferable for transplanting. At
substantial information.M. cidedly of the opinion that pear cul- closed the fact that the "soldier bugs," that age the entire tap root :can be

GEORGE & Co. ture, when properly managed, will of which we are blessed with several gotten up; older, this root can not be
prove a success in this part of.South varieties, settled upon the young gotten up one time in a thousand. If
:Pears, Apples and Pecans in South Florida, at least. sprouts and sucked them dry. Their any part of the tap root be left in the

.Florida., Even the apple can be grown hereon depredations can be entirely preventedby ground a tree will surely spring there-
Editor Fanner and Fruit Grower:
Permit me to take exception to the a small scale. I have five varieties, the use of the mosquito-bar.: from, and it can only be cradicated
statement in an article entitled grafted on the haw and pear; the Red During the first year after grafting, by a fire being built immediately over

"Treating Pear Trees with. Ice," in Astrachan, Yellow Transparent, Early the pecan, like the persimmon, i is:; lia- and around the root. In transplanting -
your issue of Dec. i8th, to the effect Harvest, Red June and Sonomathelast ble to be attacked by the borer. It do not cut or trim the taproot,
that "in South Florida pear trees remain from California. All of f them effects an entrance just at the point of but plant the entire root. As a
in a state of semi-activity all fruited in the third summer and one union of stock and graft. It shouldbe general rule the tap root is twice as

winter and.do not blossom." I -havea in the second. The latter, a Red closely watched for and immedi- long as the tree is high, though I,have ,
number of Le Contes about ten Astrachan, on pear stock, bore four ately dug out. seen a tree six inches high.: with, tap
years of age, which have borne regu- 'crops year before last. This is not a N. DE V. HOWARD. root fifty-two inches long. I haveno
larly for four years. Their leaves misprint or a slip of the pen; I mean Clarcona, Orange County, Fla. nuts, or trees, unsold, of last sea-
fall every winter. The freeze of last four crops. Unfortunately, however, -. Latitude 32' son's crop, but will have plenty next

March, to which you attribute the full I those that ripened during the rainy fall. Apologizing for not ,answeringyour
',crop of last summer, came too late to season, were affected with bitter: rot, Pecan Culture Extending1. letter sooner. I am,
be so credited. Some of my trees though those that matured after its Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower: Yours truly, '
were in bloom at the time. close were sound. The Early Har As far as I can judge, pecan cul. ARTHUR BROWN.
ture is assuming large proportions and Rlbera Pecan Grove and Nursery, Bagdad. ,
Judging from my comparatively vest and Yellow Transparent were F a.
limited observation, the majority oft also spoiled by the same diseasethelatter the people are beginning to utilize the .

the pear trees in this section are especially-while the Red June heretofore unproductive land into re- The Orange Outlook.
In select ,
planted in, or in conjunction with, escaped entirely. The birds got the numerative pecan groves.
In consequence they Sonomas before they were' large ing pecan nuts for planting, each per- Thos. Morehouse} president. of the
orange groves. should remember that a medium- Florida Fruit Buyers' Protective Association
charac son
receive the same cultivation, generally enough to develop any special
extending into October or November, teristics. sized nut, with thin shell, sweet, crisp said to a Los Angeles Times

and often the same ammoniated fertilizers This disease is not by any means and tender kernel is preferable to a reporter: ,
Florida it i very large nut with small shriveled "The orange crop of Florida this
as the'orange trees. This is all peculiar to being pretty
No bearing tree should well disseminated over the whole kernel, devoid of sweetness, crispnessand season will approximate 2,000,000
wrong. pear tenderness. By this I do not boxes-an increase over first estimatesof
be disturbed after July, and in my experience country, causing occasionally the
one deep cultivation earlyin of from 50 to 75 ,per cent. of the entire mean to say that'all large pecan nuts 8oooooboxes, or about 35 per cent.
have no sweetness, crispness and ten "The cause of this wide differencein
late in in sections.I .
the preferably some
spring, or, crop
fertilizer think the derness, or that the kernel is always estimates is due to the fact that in
the winter, at which time the my experience justifies
phosphoric acid and potash, conclusion that apples can be raised small, shriveled and devoid of plumpness -' March last, when the trees were set-

should, be applied, is sufficient. here for home use, if means-can be but wish to mention this differ- ting their fruit, a frost came on, damaging -
'''hileammonia is valuable for found of successfully combatting this ence that each planter may be able to a greater portion of the first crop.
disease. judge intelligently when purchasing Favorable weather later caused the
trees it is prejudicial
bringing on young nuts for seed (for, as know, bloom second time. This
unless used in small quantities to Prof. Galloway of the Departmentof pecan ; you trees to a ?
in it does not do to wait ten or more developed beyond all expecta
those in bearing, if on good groundand Agriculture, has succeeded crop
in good condition. Such trees checking its progress by spraying witha years to finally discover the mistake, tions. It did not mature at the:usual
and in place of a of elegant- time which led the to believe
obtain sufficient nitrogen from the solution of sulphide ol potassium and grove growers
soil and atmosphere. Owing to the with the ammoniacal carbonate of cop eating pecan nuts, plump and full of that the crop was very short."The '.

combined operation of these causes- per solution. I propose to make ap- sweet, crisp and tender meat, you crop from the first bloom ma-
have of large nuts entirely tured and harvested for the holiday
late culture and the application of plication of the latter the coming sea- a grove very was
; devoid of all that renders this trade. The supply being limited,
manures-the kept
stimulating sap son.Having hand in perhapsyou nut so desirable. prices advanced to a point not reached
flowing through the greater part of the got my ,
winter in trees which should be dor- will allow me to say a few words The buyer should Iso buy only in any previous season. In 1889 up
mant and which would be if leftalone. about the pecan. One of your correspondents fresh nuts, which are cheap at any I to Dec. 1.7, the shipments of oranges

:'.Sometimes a second crop of fruit sets, a few weeks ago stated reasonable price, whilst stale nuts are t' from Florida exceeded J,J 00,000
1 that he had heard 'of its being dear at price. { boxes. At the:, same date this year,
'but it never matures and only serves never very any, : .* ... """.I' ..'- s.-. .. .. ti.

i t #


only 520,000 boxes had been shipped. is larger, and last year's prices were extended their roots a* corresponding I attention for more than thirty years,

It will therefore be seen that nearly very high. distance. Trees twenty feet high .and often urged its importance; but it
500,000 boxes of the :Florida crop will "My reasons for making this asser- stood in a forty foot circle. Trees seems to be dimly appreciated by the

this year be brought into competitionwith tion are that the Florida crop will be fifty feet high, if of a kind incliningto many who have had occasion to speakof

the California'crop, which competition brought into competition with our sucker, often threw up suckers, it, and for this reason we here repeat '
you did not have last year, as crop. The result will be that prices more than fifty feet away. some of the experiments and ob- .
by February ist only about 90 percent will go down. Then the growers will 'But an improvement has been madein servations which have been made.-

of the Florida crop had been hold for last, year's prices with noth- later years, and the nearly universal Counlr) Gcntltman.

shipped. This year February 1St only ing to warrant, it. This will retard direction in the journals which treat i

about so-per cent. of the crop will the shipment of the crop until late, on the subject, is to extend the cultivation Consumption Cured.An .
have been shipped."I and when the oranges are all thrownon and manuring as far from the old physician,retired Irom practice,bad
placed in his hands by an least: India missionary

might also add that Florida growers the market at once there will be a trunk of the tree as the extent of the the formula of a simple vegetable

are propagating later varieties of glut. On the other hand, if the ship. branches. But still this is only a partial remedy Consumption for the Bronchitis..speedy and permanent Catarrh Asthma cure of

oranges, which are now coming into ments are made gradually to meet the I improvement. Take a half grown and, all throat and lung affections,also<< a post
bearing, and which can be placed upon demands of the. market there will be I tree, 12 or 15 years old, and 12 leet all tlv*nervous and radical! complaints.cure for nervous Having debility tested and its

the market as late as April 15. The II. no glut. in height. Its branches will probably wonderful, curative powers in thousands of
and to
cases desiring relieve human sufferIng -
names of some of these varieties are "Suppose the growers were to ship reach out horizontally 6 or 7 feet each ,I will send free of charge to all who wish .

the Jaffa, Majorca and Malta Oval. % their own crop and snub you buyers, way, and the head will be 12 or 14 with It, this full recipe directions in German for preparing, rench or and English using.,

"It will therefore be seen that this what then? feet broad. But the roots, if examined sent by mall, bv addressing with stamp
condition of affairs is bound "The: result! would be that owingto will be found at least 12 feet naming, this paper. W.A. NOTES,820 Powera'Block
to more : "___, ... ..._.. ...L ..___ Rochester N. Y.
or less affect the price of the California the fact tnat the ordinary grower irom me uuuy ui me tree, ur suum in
product, and will have a tendency to has no means of posting himself as to a circle 24 feet in diameter, having an :1 CLs.Aik1.BS53"" *:M

reduce it."Florida. markets, he would have to operate in area three or four times as great.It I IS-;>...CI.J .
-:::J : ::
oranges can be marketed the dark. When a quotation was highin may be interesting in this connection .._.-... ....0.t.:. ..
in competition with California fruit, one market all would ship there to mention the results of some observations =c.CI..j: 3 :1;=

considering freight and everything, in I.and a glut would follow. The grower proving the extent of tree ;:.=g :...

all territory as far west as the Missouri would not receive enough in returnto roots: An apple orchard 14 years old, \ =toJc.:cc.t 3.t...a.. .-.
river. will for his This has which had stood in > ,a.. 'E a tp'O....
They be taken in preference pay package. many years grass, \ :go.iOyRt-
i to the first of our crop because of been tried before and this has re- but in good soil, when it had a portionof ,_ct.tJ'iiaiji CI'C.: ...=

the fact that they are sweeter." suited. it plowed, was found with the roots -
"As an illustration of this the matted over the whole surface and ; o AQ
"Are the provisions of the McKin- ..lOSf pa::a
ley Tariff Bill a protection to the Florida growers pursued this course although the trees were 33 feet apart, iji cQ; f=;;!..:. -
grower, Mr. Moorehouse?" until within the past two years. Priorto the roots had met and crossed each =a op.wsvOp O-pr

"Yes, they are. Inasmuch as now 1888 the average price of their crop other.. Some of them were found tc, .: /" .

the duty of 25 cents per box will be was about 50 cents per box throughout :. have extended 27 feet, or within 6 ....=.Ntids opG
the State. Last the feet of the trees in the next ...IS-,:'!...tj-!'!'
collected. Before it was evaded in year crop row. :" ":i a". f;
this averaged over $i a box on the tree Where the whole surface was powed: .y Ci5..o.s.s'C
way: Under, the old law fruit out ::...,....o f:s
with as large had. and cultivated the of the ,-.... .. :.z.tG:
of condition or decayed was exempt crop as they ever foliage trees ...&O:" O =II'"::0
This year the price is even in excess had a deep and healthy -S' tI '"" .
from duty. Vessels were unloadedand green appear -1 ... mdoo: '=a'ol .
of last. This is the result of the Where circle of ,;; .. lot lleiiiD II
ance. a
the boxes with crop grass was .. Q
were piled up the I :. g:= t.:
being sold lelt untouched around JI ..- II 11II GA f.;If
largely to buyers. Not over a tree and all .
decayed fruit on the outside, sound .l .I CG = f aiiiD a
(fruit being in the middle and passedas 15 ,per cent. of the Florida crop will the soil outside of this grass was cultivated "-'" "a tIlQ'Z--:....... 'i.f...a., _:_
all decayed. In this way the tariff be shipped by growers this year. Priorto the foliage was equally green U .:r.S...=,, ..:.C;.. 6) ..-;!"
was evaded. Under the new law duty 1888 over 80 per cent. of the crop and thrifty, showing that they derived ..WWI..-" ..g:3:; .. 2 I !.s;:':'J 111
their aid in outside cCO -=CoI.2.bcIS'G'_ ......... '0:.
must be paid if there was consigned. growth of the 5- g ..s--.,
dozen = "'
are only a .
< foot radius and from the times ..... caIS G.,...g..E'_.g. S i CI
sound in the box ; many a I
oranges .-... CoIIli.-a.I;t.srZ
By Innumerable cures, Dr. Bull's Cough A.. ..
"Have inspected the Southern Hyrup has won for itself a most envlab e larger area outside. But mark the O $ 'i : : 1f'
California you reputation.I've contrast when a 10 foot circle only was ELo mGw c. ; C a....'taSR: .! .gw _i... -
crop,yet? been suffering tor the past three weeks c5 Qi !. a=
"Yes, sir; I have made a thorough with a strained wrist. I tried .balvatton Oil, cultivated, with all the rest outside in C &I. en cJalSg_=._2 {i
and find myself,aft-r having used one bottle, The had tip CoI"Z e-"Q 4t !
inspection of it in Los grass. foliage same yel '.: 't"a
Angeles and entirely cured. ( HA" KEY8ER, 199 Mai-
San Bernardino berry St., Baltlnuve,Md. low and half sickly appearance as the atcg; 5i! = git
counties. I find that :: Je
"' f5f. : !
it will exceed the crop of last at trees presented where they all stood in ..0.. e1.2... ..
Unseen Roots of Orchard Trees The cultivated circle bene. 0 1M a least 25 per cent. This there grass. wes L 'd. ::__"ova.Mrf_
will be Many years ago, when the plantingof fitted almost nothing compared with a. a. Q. _:f!<:.;::g c MtW. r;t c:
cars boxes "
4,000 "JI -:
fruit trees began to the .attention the outside of which E "if : E=
engage grass, was Co1 : : o-I.
as against 2,600 carloads
or 780,000 B : 9
of land i i 9tJ3C? = t
boxes, for last year. owners more generally, many times larger.In s /

"I find the quality of the fruit far and when many of them were set in another instance, a row of peach $60. $60. .
superior to last,year, both in texture grass land or uncultivated ground, the trees a few feet apart Irom each other

and brightness. The condition which first attempt at giving attention to the stood in grass. At one end a heap of THE BEST, IRRESPECTIVE PHiCE.J. .

exists, and which will make it difficult growing trees, instead of neglect, was manure was placed two feet away from
to market a portion of the to dig a small circle around the base of the nearest one, and the effect of this

is the fact that the seedlings are crop running ,- the stems to assist in their growth. manure, thus placed on one side, was
Planters had never seen how far the to give the shoots of the tree 4 feet
In a great many in small
sizes in small oranges. Regular: sizes roots extended, and young trees six growth. The: next tree was 7 feet

are 128, the 226 box in- feet high were supposed to have roots from the manure, and the shoots grew
per of newly.set trees only (foot that feet. The third -
clusive. The seedlings will run a long, 234 tree was 15 feet
largely from 250 to 300 to the box being the extreme length at which they away, and the growth was only 14

which are very undesirable sizes being were dug for transplanting. It was inches. The fourth tree, 23 feet from
too small for the first-class trade. not then known that young trees, as the manure, and grew only 8 inches, r
well as old ones, extended their rootsas or the same as other trees farther off
"With Navels it is just the reverse. far from the base of the trunks as and in grass. The peach: trees were

They are running to large sizes,. as their extreme height. Neatly spaded only 10 feet high; yet the experiment

compared with other years. Safely circles were often seen about the trees, proved that the roots of these trees
one-third .of them are ofl-sizes, being which did
not give hun
literally one were 15 feet long, and obtained nour-
too large. Regular sizes of Navels dredth part of the cultivation of the sur ithment at that distance on one side,
are 112 to 178, inclusive, to the box, face soil over the roots which spreadover enough to nearly double the growth

while this year the crop is running I the ground below. The peach tree is more visibly affectedon J. J. CALHOUN & CO.,

largely from 80 to 96 to the box Repeated examination showed thata most soils by cultivating and ma KXCXCSITB DBAtBKS .

"How about prices for California young; tree six feet high pushedits nuring, but the results ''will vary in

sVill they compare favora- small fibrous roots at least six feet different localities, and in soils of varying NATIONAL TYPEWRITER I
bly with last yeat?" in every direction from the stem-or fertility and composition and or-

"My opinion is that- the growers in other words stood in a circle twelve chardists should therefore test the AND SUPFiLJEB
here will not realize within 25'per cent. feet in diameter-and a foot circle did questions of this character on their

of last year's prices. But even then not therefere occupy a hundredth part own grounds. 52 West Bay Street

this will be. remunerative, as .the. crop of the area. Other and larger trees ..We have given this subject special i ;iCSSONVVILLLL XL BXI A.

.,.-J .,





tI tinous framework of which bone is con I would give something like similar results I defy one to select the groves in
JiJl.TI e1\E\
]MER \ structed, is rich in nitrogen. Every In the case of the "sand rock phosphates"there that any vicinity that have been fed on
little rootlet which touches a fragment of is a sudden and wonderful jump in
'- bone finds itself in a very paradise of the ratio of solubility. From 8 percent. muck and cotton seed meal, from the

The Availability of Florida Phos- fertilily. It is therefore stimulated to its to 30 and 40 per cent. is certainly a very groves that have been fed on the

Plant Food. highest functional activity. There is remarkable advance. The two samples most costly commercial fertilizers.
phates as good reason also to that the examined selected of
suppose were purposely very Thirty to fifty pounds of sulphate of
Editor Farmer and P'rust thrower. "spoong!oles" or terminal vascular tissue low grade, ,and jet they give as much
Something like a year since the writer of these almost microscopic fibrous roots "available"phosphoric acid as other rock potash will make good Florida muck

expressed and Dublished the opinion that possess a definite peptic power which en- containing ten times the amount of total available, and, kept from the sun by
among our Florida phosphates there ables them slowly to dissolve otherwise phosphoric.Indeedin the case of No. burying in the ground at the extremity -

would be found some that would prove insoluble mineral substances in a man- 244, the writer has found that to secure of the orange tree roots, the
valuable for immediate application to ner akin to animal digestion. The the complete solution of the phosphoric
soil will be the visible
the soil without the usual preliminaryacid trouble, therefore, with ordinary rock acid present nothing more is necessary darkened only
treatment. That opinion was based( phosphates when applied to the soil as a than to continue the solvent action of the evidence of it, so thoroughly has it

purely upon theoretical considerations, fertilizer in. their natural condition, is citrate ammonia for a sufficient pe- became commingled with the sand.

and, so far as the writer knows, was unsupported partly due to their physical structure and riod. Even at the ordinary temperatureof In fact, it will be sandy muck, or
by any experimental tests orwell partly to the beforementioned physiolo- the laboratory!after a week's time only sand the food will have
established facts. Other and pressing gical facts. They are solid compact .48 per cent. of the original 3.45 percent mucky ; plant
duties have,until recently, preventedany masses, without cellular structure, and was found remaining undiss lved. Pre- become available, and the trees much
laboratory investigations confirming they contain no nitrogen to stimulatethe sumably the same thing would have oc- less liable: to damage from the drouth._
.contradicting this theory. Within the functional activity of the fibrous curred in the case of the even more The fact that wild orange groves are

past month some analytical determination roots of plants. Even when ground to soluble No. 245, the last sample given found only in muck or sandy soil
directlybearing this question have been an impalpable powder each minute par. It is in this connection that the significance -: ,
made. In order that they should have tide under the microscope is seen to be of these laboratory tests will ap- permeated with it, is pretty good evi-

with the public no more and no less than just as hard and flinty and insoluble as pear. It shows that there is very good dence that it contains the plant food

their due and just weight, a little techni- the parent mass. In the laboratory the ground indeed for supposing that some required for orange trees. In 2,000

cal explanation is perhaps necessary. difference in solubility between ground of our lowest grade phosphates may have acres of within a radiusof
: In estimating phosphoric acid in the bone and ground phosphate rock depends very considerable value for immediate orange groves
I-write those
forms in which it appears in commercial entirely upon the cellular structure and application to the soil. Many of them two miles from ,
fertilizers the agricultural chemists of the greater surface exposure of the former to are very friable, easily crushed and reduced liberally treated with muck are
world are compelled to adopt a somewhat the action of solvents. In the soil the to powder. Nor when the struc- abreast, if not a good deal ahead, of
arbitrary and conventional method. two-fold agencies above mentioned are ture of such "sand rock" is consideredis those treated with chemical fertilizers
Whatever phosphoric acid or combina- combined In influencing the final result, : it all difficult to account for the great L-'".
tions of phosphoric acid are soluble in With these preliminary observations solubility of such phosphates. In mechanical alone. (
water together with that which is soluble the writer begs to submit the followingtabulated structure they somewhat resem- GEO. \V. HASTINGS
:in citrate of ammonia ,under certain statements. Showing the ble bone. Each separate particle sandis Intertachen, Fla.WeevilProof.
definite conditions, is classed and esti- "available" phosphoric acid accordingto covered with a thin film of tricalcic, .
mated as "available." These definite the laboratory method of estimate mingled often with ferric and aluminic Corn.

conditions so far as the citrate of ammonia which he has obtained from a somewhat phosphates. The cell structure of boneis We take the following from a letterof
is concerned are that it ,should be a wide range of Florida phosphates. The thus closely imitated, so far as the Welborn in the Southern Live
strictly neutral solution tested by cor- material before being submitted to the phosphates are concerned. The fact that Jeff.
allne; that it should be of the specific solvent action of neutral citrate of am- the cell is filled with a particle of quartzis Stock Journal. Some of our readers
gravity of 1.09, and that two grammes of monia was in every instance finely more than compensated by the thin- will certainly take exceptions to the
the phosphatic material shall be placedin ground; in the case of those more difficult ness and permeability of its lining in- statements therein made :
100 cubic centimeters of this men- pulverizable "rocks," which from vest rent, and in point of fact there is wish' about
"I something
struum and kept in a closed flask for their prevailing color and extraordinary probably in this pulveiized "sand rock"a ,now to say
one-half hour at a. temperature of 65 C. richness the writer has denominated larger surface exposed, to the solvent the anti-weevil varieties' of corn. I
or 149 Fahrenheit and shaken thoroughlyevery "cream"J>hosphates," the trituation was action of fluids than could be obtainedby believe the weevil will attack one va-

five minutes.: For exact work all continued until no, grit was perceptibleby any other known form. The above riety just as bad as another. For several
these conditions and others which it is the fingers and the powder approxi- experimental results: certainly favor this we, along the river bottoms
unnecessary to enumerate must be car- mated in character to what is termed view. years
ried out to the letter, and yet they are so floats:" In conclusion, the writer begs to say here, have raised soft varieties of corn

numerous'and t>o strictly technical thatit that he offers the above as by no means a and we are seldom seriously damagedby

must be confessed the best analytical N 52 Efi E yyggl I Analysis' No. settlement of this exceedingly interestingand weevils, while on the hills most of
chemists do not always obtain concordant -- in a pecuniary sense exceedingly important the farmers have flintier kinds on ac
results. m. SA C m question, but only as a modest
;:; :DII: 1 of earlier maturity. These hill
It may be further observed that the 2.[ '<'< !a. contribution towards it. The above in-
real "availability" as plant food of the .... SI' ;;JII JIIr.II ::d ::rg '. vestigations certainly point very stronglyto farmers' corn is seldom fit for bread
phosphoric acid thus estimated is by no -; >QDS-'"' rn i Q pq' I. the direction in which its practical so- after the first ol lay. An early ripen.

means an established fact. The whole :r4: '; ....""'JllrP..;." lution will be most likely to be found. ing may have something to do with
"" "'" :: Pi' ""'
matter rests very largely upon assump 03 :: a-5033.I.+ Only carefully conducted field and crop them for I am certain the weevil egg,
tIS Co' b ,
tion. No man knows; chemist, agri- < :S : experiments can ultimately settle
3E 0 > 3 S 0o
., r: M -...'. like the boll worm is laid on the
cultural or other, has ever proved that : :s ,-. = 5-: td: =:= t:1 I matter. Growing vegetables make no egg,
anyone plant or any class ot plants, can !; (..I.Q... <>> 11 td: ;::. .(>.It.- mistakes, and their verdict is worth that embryo grain and the grain grows over
at the ordinary temperature in one week, "' "' _'= t4 .C'Od":"" r- c-o QS ;erg.; ... of a hundred laboratories and all the it. When the grain get warm enoughsthe
one month or one year take up and .assimilate ? :x oS III 00 ro:I o"::! <":p- ro rude imitations of nature which the hatches out and the little
from bone phosphates in the soil -I>> Q rAt "O. 2 'C":7 1D 'ID = Q -3p4 0 combined chemical skill of the world can egg ,
=' C ::rr Q ... ::r= IJIc. weevil begins to eat his way out of the
.the same amount of phosphoric acid that .: try tp IDX t.C ro' supply. NOIUIAN ,
neutral citrate of ammonia in one half ? p:... !'. t\. r;-g: D ;' = State Chemist.! grain. Corn put up green, or wet
hour will dissolve in a glass flask and at >= : >i t"Du m. > -.0. -- enough to heat during the winter,

a scalding' heat. The conditions are so : ts m. .f: : : 'd: 51'-' How to Apply Muck. seems to be entirely clear of them.
diverse that merely state themis ..
totally t"2
quite sufficient IQ show that the one .c.. Q :::.1 -. : Editor Farmer and Fruit Grower They hatch out, or the egg becomes

can be in no sense an accurate measure : : g :; ; ., _-.' The great difficulty in the use of addled, and the cold that soon follows
,, ". 10. .Q.. .. "
of the other. '1IN I muck, with several correspondents, kill them.
While all this is true it may on the other : .; .!. : : to be its insoluble condition rFO
hand be said that this method, crude and t, .'' :1'- seems !'. DYSPEPSIAUa
imperfect as it confessedly is, does give : : after it once gets_ dry.Vhy let it *Rro\Tii Iron flitters.

valuable data from which to estimatethe I Per cent.. ofPho get dry? If kept in a compact heapit I'hjsIcittiH ,e.ommviiil It.
commercial value of phosphoric acid :o CO Acid and hard and if : l bottle. Genuine
Na wa+ ... ?: : ( roa : will not get dry All dealers keep it. 11.0v\. : ..
in its various natural and artificial forms. 1Phosph l trade-mark and pro*"' : *I Hn .wrapper..
t; g 8 m 8 )xtde ) buried in the soil before it gets hardit
Bone for example, while. chemically EquIvalent retain its and the
will pliability
identical with most natural phosphates, ... 00-1 oo-tOtlOO Per cent. ofp.4 ,
is much more soluble in the soil, and fur- ao:O.a. :- C 0. I Bone fibrous roots of the orange tree will

nishes a greater amount of readily as- cm as .gig PhOllpha1e.avail- find their way through it. My way
similable plant food than the latter. able soluble of applying muck is to plow a deep
Ground to the same fineness bone in most rr+ r'J"J I in neutral am.
oases gives three and often four times as ; S tl fg citrate. furrow a distance of from 3 to 4,

much phosphoric acid soluble in neutral I Equivalent 5 or more feet, wherever the roots of

citrate of ammonia as ordinary phosphate 3 r wwas Per BODe ent. oft the tree reach, according to size of

rock. There is probably even a m I PhosphAte.In tree, and burrow the muck in the
larger ratio of difference in actual experience sometimes
bottom of the 'furrow
when the two. are used as a fertilizer. reviewing the above tabular results. ,
it may be observed generally that while sprinkling a little lime or sulphate of i

The explanation of this difference in there are individual differences (some of potash over the muck before coveringwith

the behavior of identically the same which may be due to the difficulty securing sand. In less than a year there
obemieal substance both in the soil and absolute uniformity in fineness of of muck and the
in the laboratory is, I think this: Bone, grinding)that all except the last or"sand are no dry lumps ,
'as is-well known cellular in structure. rock phospates" show 'a fairly uniform way the roots get through it, and the DIRECT SALES.

When it is crushed or ground an enor- rate of solubility. From 4 to 8 percent. appearance of the tree indicates that ATTEITIOX' PRCTT AD VMCTABLE: OaowIU

mous surface is exposed to the action of of the total phosphoric acid is thus"available there is something "available" in The No.3 ta.aT..teet wM,at tISJfc cash with
any solvent. So far as plants are con- ,"and there is good reason to suppose muck without waiting fifty A order.. )"uU.tock In warehouse. Send for circular:
years. E. tt. BUBBARD State *,_
cerned there are some other causrs which that crop tests, especially in conjunction will Pots,l'Ja.
greatly, influence the result. The gela- with other needed manurial elements, Candler correspondent says -

.'I .

.. .



\ -
we have kept ours hanging by an open information about our Coast country, and those are two things the turkey
Live {Stock window in a garret without muslin or I will gladly give it.-WM. SIGERSON,' likes next to grasshoppers. This I
any covering, and it is not disturbedby in Southern Live Stock Journal. f believe to contain' the main points of
A Fine Jersey Bull. flies at all. The flavor imparted is the turkey question'.; and if you can,
equal to that from smoking with the through columns all
On this page we present a IC tof your persuade
Matilda's 4th son 20,214, the prop' best hickory wood, and the manufacturers Poultry> parties owning a cow pen to buy a few
of Messrs. & claim that it is made by distilling bundles of laths, at fifteen cents per
erty Ayer McKinney, .
.. .... ...
- --
the smoke of sound wood.- -- thousand and three nails
Meredith Delaware N. Y. as penny are
He is thus described: WALDO F. BROWN. Why Turkeys Come High.I the size used to nail on thelaths andas

Solid dark color, full black points, noticed after Thanksgiving that there are far more three penny
very yellow skin and ears, splendid Sheep on the Gulf Coast.I you found time to grumble about the nails to the pound than ten penny
head and horns, and fine escutcheon.His can't very well close without saying price you had to pay for your turkey, ones, it is not a very costly job to keep
sire, Ida's Rioter of St. Lambert something about the sheep. Here and as Christmas is past and as the the turkeys out ot the cow pen If
13,606, is a son of the famous Ida of we have,the climate of Southern Italy price of turkeys is still what you, Mr. you can get the people into fencing the
,St Lambert 24,990. His dam, ,Ma and grass far superior to the pampas of Editor, would call high, I, thought it turkey out of these horrid cow pens I
tilda 4th 12,816, gave 16,153% lbs. of South, America; and here the sheep are might not.be out of place, to give to will guarantee that the price of turkeyswill
milk in a year, officially tested 21 Ibs. turned to the woods and take care of yourself and readers my thoughts on in a short time come down to
themselves the the deer and the In the first would what call reasonable. If fail
8 j oz. of butter in seven days, and is same as question. place you you
estimated to have made 9'27 lbs. 834 buffalo of the plains. Our flockmasters say that Florida does not produce sufficient in your effort at persuasion please
oz. of butter in one year. The grand- do nothing but round up in April, to supply the demand. The ho cease grumbling at the price you haveto
dam, great granddam and great great shear, mark and trim the lambs; and tels in both Jacksonville and St. Augustine pay for your turkey.-GEo. MITCHELL -
granddam of Matilda's 4th son 20,214, these sheep have netted in the past send to New York for not only in Leesburg Commercial.
have each made 17 Ibs. of butter in year from 75 to 120 per cent. on cost, their turkeys but 'a large portion of .
seven""days,.on grass alone. On both not one dollar of expense. Wool) of their chickens. This, of course, is the Poultry Notes. : ,
sire and dam side, his ancestors for: this county is all sold in one day, but reason that I and'others who raise a The question of mating your breed.
four generations have been noted but- not delivered in one day, for the flock few turkeys ask and readily get $2.00 ing stock for the best results should
ter makers. masters get time to lay it in. The each. This price I am willing to ad- soon engage your attention.
Messrs. Ayer & McKinney, Times price paid this year was 25* in the mit pays well for the little trouble The observant breeder should frequently -
Building, Philadelphia, Pa., proprietors dirt-all taken by the brand, no ex there is in raising them.. And why visit his hennery when his
of Meridale Farms, Meredith, amination as to quality, {for it isall the more do not go into the business will fowls have begun to layto watch
Delaware county, N. Y., insist that native piney woods sheep. They arekI7 be a question that will doubtless suggest and note down the earliest and stead- "
the bull is half the herd, and that a iest layers. There is much to be
poor bull is not cheap, for dairy pur. learned by close observation of the
poses, tat any price, and that money breeding fowls.
spent in buying inferior animals is I See that there is a plentiful supply
worse than thrown away. That they ,of ground bone and crushed oyster
practice what they preach is evident shells in reach of the fowls, for with-
from the two bulis which head'their out these the soft-shelled eggs will
herd and which are valued at over soon appear, and then will begin the
$10,000 ; and that the buying public habit ot egg-eating, which is so an.
agrees with their views is shown by the noying and so difficult to stop. Shells
steady demand for bull calves sired by should be (rushed fine.
these two bulls. The early hatched pullets of last.
season are now laying, and will require -
Pork in Sweet Pioklo.
more food than the hens, as
For several I have fed pigs for.
years still well
they are growing, as as
lean, for my own meat, and have succeeded : producing eggs. They will continuet
in making much better pork if
lay right along managed properly -
than we ever had beore.! The pigs, ) but they .should be kept in a sepa-
dropped in April, run on pasture rate enclosure or the old hens will
through the summer and are fed on become too fat.
bran, oats and ,the surplus milk, witha MATILDA 4th's SON 202x4. TheVhite Plymouth Rocks ,have
very little corn, so as to keep come to stay, and there is a rapidly
them thrifty, and when new earn growing demand for them. They '
comes I am ready to begin fattening, the descendants of the sheep that were I itself to you. When I tell you have and will have their place with '
but even during this process, I feed sent from Spain to old Mexico 300 that the turkey is ,the greatest fowl othe- breeds, and that, too, in the
bran else succulent feed The manufacturer want' man has ever domesticated for devour- '
some or as years ago. front ranks, for they possess all the
pumpkins, apples, etc. I get my pigsto the wool; not a burr in our county. I j ing all kinds of noxious insects, and desired traits for the table are good
weigh from 175 to 200 Ibs. each, see the Missouri and Kansas wool a' especially grasshoppers, this latter fact layers, and have'proved to be remark
and the shoulders are so lean we can drag at 15 cents per pound off their will doubtless raise the question why ably hardy.
scarcely tell them from the,hams. 'Ve'fine Merinos and their highpricedland. every grove owner does not go into Chinese are the greatest eggeatersin ,
, have also made a great improvementin These are facts that can't be the turkey business.But the worfd. They raise more poultry .
our method of curing the meat. gotten over. If we had men here that Mr.Editor, this turkey questionlike than all the other nations of the
With exception of a little pickled pork, would take the same care in crossing all other questions, has two sidesto earth taken together, and have a way
to cook with beans and other vegetables their stock that they do in the West, it, and the other side isthey are given of keeping eggs for forty years or ;
all our meat is put into a ,sweet we could; make 150 per cent. on wool to wandering and are not particular more in a sound condition. The
pickle; made by using i# poundssalt grown, for our land is cheap-from whose field they enter; so they go older the eggs the more valuable theyare
and one pound brown sugar to $2 to $5 an acre will purchase fine about like some menas if they owned and it is a trick of the Chinese
each gallon of water. sheep ranches, but they are being the whole worldandfence, or no fence, 'grocer to ringin fresh eggs on his
Leave the meat in this pickle fiveto picked up very fast. A syndicate from enter they will. They move about in customers whenever "he can get a
eight weeks (it will not get too salt Chicago has just purchased the noted the most gentle manner possible, andas chance to cheat them in that way. '
if left three months) and,then cure it Lewis ranch at Bellefontaine on the they do not eat oranges, do not .*
with liquid extract of smoke. I have Gulf. I think the entire sale com- hurt a corn crop, and they do not .cll"llYt: PI'I"HtJIIB
used this five,years and like it better prises about 20,000 acres, with a fine scratch, a person would think, why And those troubled\ nervousness resulting
each year, and most of my neighborsare oyster pond of about nine miles. They what odds about their going into from Jr care now using it. A quart-bottle, cost. have organized a stock company and other people's fields. If this was all, has trade mark and cn'se.l red lines on w rapper.1CUREF1TS .
ing ,So cents, is sufficient for ISO stocked it $1,600,000 and will com- a flock of bronze turkeys should be -
pounds of meat. After the meat is mence operations very soon., Chicago welcome to enter where they choose I !
taken from the brine we let it dry a capitalists are purchasing every foot of and browse. A gobbler is as beautiful -
the Gulf from Ocean bed of pansies. When I M7 rare I do not mean merely to stop them
day or two, and then apply the smoke land along as a : for a time and then hare them return ai m. I means
with a sponge or swab, twice within a Springs toVest Pascagoula, and will The great trouble with the turkey radical cure. I hare made the disease of FITS.EPI-
week, ,and I also use a little on.it again work to bring the South American" to business in Florida is the cow pen. warrant LEPSY my or PALLING remedy to car 8ICDESS the wont -Jon.-. itady.Because I g
about June. 'Meat cured by this pro: Bel1efontaineiss.! The people in Florida can't get on 'others haft failed b DO re&IOD for DOt now reoslylnt acure.
in which 'turnipsand Send at ones for treatise and a Free Bottl.of
friends in without
of : a cow
cess keeps perfectly through summer To any my numerous" pen my mfatt&la: remedy. Gift Erpreaa and Feet Offloe.
without other protection against flies;" the North and West who wants any sometimes cabbages are grown, U. G. ROOT M. C., 183 Pearl Su, N. Tr .'- j





they understand that art Grape grow. The local papers of California teem Florida at Chicago

FLORIDA MSPATCH 'rGROWERRMR' ing for the early markets in the North with detailed items as to what the The FARMER AN'D FRUIT GROWER

I is a Florida industry that is certain to farmers, the fruit growers and the will have considerable to say on this
F R V =h=: but at we shall simply
I subject, present
.' increase. We hear that a large area manufacturers are doing.
.. .. .. stand
throw down a few stones to on
is to be planted about' St. Augustine.
,JANUARY 1891. J The Orange. Does not Pass Its in the future.

STEPHEN POWERS, Editor.P. Mr. J. C. Ledbetter,, a practical We have mislaid our memorandum, I. We believe that very few well-

O Address, Law ley, Fla. farmer, said to the editor of the Belle, but speaking from memory:, say that informed men will deny that Florida

view Blade: After all I think cottonis the S. F. R. R. took out of Citra this should be well represented at theWorld's

Subscribers, In ordering their paper the crop we farmers must get downto season 67,000 boxes of oranges; the Fair at Chicago; but we believe .
address to another,will,li
changed from one <<
F. C. & P. line boxes while
26,000 ,
all cases,please give both the po t-otftce from to make a paying business. If you that no independent citizen will
remain the
which Mud the one to which,they desire the< about 12,000 boxes on
will notice a little you will see all the The direction this fruit went tolerate the idea that California or any
change. A failure to do fo I U often a source trees.
of great.trouble to the mailing clerk and annoyance farmers who made cotton last year was also given and at which marketsit other State shall be allowed to have

to the subscriber. now have money to spend, and those was sold, but we pass on.-Ocala any influence in determining the

Publications Received. that didn't have very little of it and Banner. mode and measure of our representation -

thousands of The Florida orange has a happy' there. California was born
Boston Musical Herald for January; SI a are in debt. We have

.year.. acres of the best cotton producinglands faculty of doing more than it prom with a gold spoon in her mouth, but

:report Louisiana, December Department, 1890 Al Agriculture.o sugar making Crop that are lying fallow. ises. A few days after the disastrous Florida has had to hammer out her

.. on a small scale. Also program for the fifth to' freeze of last March we drove (and gold spoon by hard work and plentyof

annual meeting the State Agricultural So- Mr. W. B. Schrader, of Tallahassee walked) several miles through the it, and the spoon is only just be-
ciety,Alexandria,January 2830.
writes .us: "The planting of pear of Citra which then
Speech of Hon.D. W.Voorheen on he Force fine groves were ginning to show its outlines. If, as
Bill, December 22,189}". and pecan trees is on quite a boom repulsive with the odor of blighted the newspapers report, California has

Georgia crop report,1890. this year in this county. I am settingout blossoms and not preparedto t
we were Exposition
Cornell University, Experiment Station secured ten acres of space in the -
report. The clover rust. about 1,500 pear trees and over dispute the dismal auguries of some well and good; but let Flori-
Flrt. annual report,Wisconsin State Dairy trees for brother. I judge
and Food Coma Isdon r. 300 pecan my growers that they would not have da follow absolutely the dictates of

Seed ffttalcgue of NanzA Kenner_ Louis. there will be several thousand pear 25,000 boxes in the place.Strawberry her own convictions as to her interests.

vine, Ky. > trees transplanted here this spring. Par- t-. 2. To place and maintain a thor-

Mr. Dubois' offer (see his ad.) to ties who know what they say remark Rates. oughly good exhibit at Chicago will be
The Fruit Growers' Associations of kind of
the best immigration propagandizing -
his is that saw such growth of one-
sell one of noted) vineyards a they never
Bradford county, lately forwarded to which can be attempted.With .
fine business opening to an experienced year-old grape cuttings as are to be the Inter-State Commerce Commission all due respect for the officialsof

.man. seen on my neighbor's, E. H. Ro the Immigration Bureau, we take
memorials that body to take
uald's, Live Oak Plantation;! very 'little stock in the whole schemeof
As we predicted last week, the cable 'S steps to secure a reduction on straw drumming for immigrants, in

now brings reports of serious damage The Hotel Santa Fe (see the ad.}, berry rates to the North. The mills Pomerania, in Castle Garden or in

to. the oranges of Spain and Italy. Melrose, Clay county, I. F. Graham, of that Commission grind slowly and Dakota, by means of circulars, lec-

Particulars will be found in the bulle proprietor, seems to be really in the they rind so exceedingly fine that the tures or personal solicitation. We
-- which has been rather grist is very often an impalpable dust. believe in attracting immigrants to
tin of the Florida Fruit Exchange. "Sunny (
We have an impression that the rail Florida, not by faith but by works;
t myth the past few days). In a letter need and literature but by bales of
In a private letter to the editor Mr. road companies grinding, not by ,
: to the Jacksonville Tribune, Mr. need it badly, in this matter ; but cotton and tobacco, barrels of sugar
James Mott, of Orlando, says: "My A.. P. Painter says: "The fact that whether the Commission will ever be and boxes of oranges. The hard-

nursery stock is not injured. The we are in a favored spot cannot be able to pass such heavy chunks of me- headed capitalists and the hardhanded -
peach blossoms that were already out tal as the Pennsylvania Railroad and laborers whom we want here are
denied all the late cold
were killed, but no other injury done. as the Atlantic Coast Line between their not caught by statistics, argumentand
,snap we did not have an orange tree polished and elegant rollers is some- rhetoric. Such bait traps butter-
The outlook for is
peaches good.
crop S hurt or an orange frozen, although .what problematical. flies. To captivate the imagination of

We addressed a letter to Messrs. there were two mornings when we Even the express rate withou t ice light-headed and uninformed persons
found little ice." is too high, (about five cents a quartto and ship them by the carload to
& Co. and a
Colgate soap-makers perfumers t Philadelphia and 5 fi to New York), Florida is no conquest. It is Mormon
of New York, asking if they Florida Press Association.This as the Californians ship their berries propagandism without the iron

purchased ambrette seed and at what I body held a three days' sessionin from Los Angeles to Chicago for six hierarchy to hold the converts when
"In cents a and to New York for they get homesick. Rather let us
price. They say: reply to your Ocala last week and were honored quart
734. But the refrigerator; rate of ten seek to convince sober, strongmindedmen
inquiry we would that we are at
say with and excursion.
a banquet an in
cents a quart is still worse, being prac- and women by object lessons
present purchasing quantities of am- President Mahlon Gore's annual address tically prohibitory when berries sell Florida products.

; brette of the best quality .at twenty was couched in his usual clear, lower than 20 cents a quart. The 3. As a corollary to the above if

cents per pound, and this is the best manly, straightforward style. Speaking growers are preparing to turn the follows that whatever exhibit Florida
price we could offer for it." flank[ of this obstruction. Some will makes should be honest, full, sym
? the members the high
to on
. ship by the butter refrigerators on the metrical and fairly representative.Let .
Mr. H. J. Fenton cautions farmersnot shy of urging upon the Legislature a Clyde Line. Others will try the Pan- us have no one-sided, monopolizing -
liberal appropriation for immigration coast ventilated car, the inventor of it display of citrus fruits, dwarfing
to be in a hurry to plant their purposes, he said : "The dog in the having promised that a trial car would everything else out of sight, to make

seed-beds this kind of weather, as the fat on straw." be placed on the siding Starke or Law. dupes of eager gudgeons with the
never got
seed will be very apt to rot in the manger yet ley when the season is well opened. We assured profits of a thousand dollars

ground, and that seed is very scarce \IVe beg to demur to this. The Florida shall be on the alert for this car and an acre every year.. We want the

z in this this season in fact newspaper fraternity do not sleep on record" its- performances for the benefit orange and- the- pineapple there, of
county ,
straw ; they repose on Spanish mossor of our readers. It has never yet course, but in due rank and file and
more so than ever before. The first Texas horse hair, lapped in sheets been tested on such a long haul. not captains of the earth. Let the
of. next month will be ample time, Still others will ship their berries by humblest vegetable of Florida, if
of.the choicest Tallahassee cotton.
and be sure to secure a full supply of the; small refrigerators or "ponies," "there's money in it." or even a
plants.-Quincy i Herald.'Seethenewadvertisementof. We have a strong impression that holding two bushels or less. There good living,'be there in all its honesty;;

'. the Florida press is superior to that jof has been much experimenting done he: thick-headed cabbage, the cucum-

Messrs. the West and Southwest and even with these, and it has been found that I ber with its sparse moustache, the

Haynes, Young & Bailey, on the titlepage. that of California its freedom from when they are lined on the inside with sand-hill cane with nineteen per cent.
metal and with for the of the muck.land corn with ears
provided a drip sugar,
They ,to give all coarseness and slang. But we could
agree purchasers escape of the water (rom the meltingice so heavy that they will sink; in water,
of their vines instruction in wish to see our colaborers treat the the cot
l." they carry the berries fairly wellif the silken Sea Island staple,
I the art of growing; them, and we can resqurces of Flonda a little more objectively these are in good condition at the ton and the wool, the tobacco and the

'testify from personal observation that_ and not so much subjectively. start. wine'of West Florida.i$8 .


i .

;. .,.;' :Jairtlr-22:18 1] ., THE FLORIDA .DISPATCH,.FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER. 69 -'

Sub-Tropical 'Notes some ,elegant, handmade point-lace E.walnut, Ho per pound; hens,full grown, CABBAGE.-Is selling fairly. Quotable at

The exhibits at the Exposition :did handkerchiefs Mrs. G. A. Cueva, 85c;chickens,half grown, 20@25c each; eggs, $ @7 per 100 for choice to fine, and at $12914
; .
25o cider 4.25 ton. Fancy Holland at
.per dozen; apple $ keg; per cabbage selling
not impede the ders who Panama Park wood carvings Miss
jolly m tSqic* ; Mott's peach cider,$5.75 keg; onions, barrels, S7@9 per-100.
danced: its ample hall on the night, Willie Kendrick, embroidery. 5.50;onions,crates,$L60; cocoanuts, $1.50 per CUCUMBERS.-Rule quiet and rather slow.

.of the opening. It is said by those Clarkson & Robertson, of High 100; apples,S1.75@6 per barrel; grape,400 per to Small good and quotable poor have at$1@1 no 50 regular,choice: value.sell at Fair$3

.who were present that the waters of Springs, and the Portland Chemicaland basket; cranberries, $4 per crate; turnips, $2 250,

festivity were at high tide on that jo Phosphate. Company, of Albion, per barrel; beets,$2L50 per barrel,carrots,$3 50 CAULIFLOWER,-Slow at$3(@3.50 per dozen
per barrel; parsnips, $3 per barrel; squash. asked for choice. Demand only in a small
cund evening.The Levy county, have instructive exhibitsof 12.50 per barrel; beans,$2 per crate; celery,75c way. Some which has been held offered at
broad and. long parterres of cream and gray phosphates, coquina, per dozen; egg plant, $4 per barrel; peach EGO PLANT.-Louisiana slow at 75c@l per

many-hued foliage plants palms, roses, bog iron, etc. cider,$5.25 per keg;grape cider,$i.50 per keg; doz. Demand is limited. .

bananas and oleanders, areas beautifulas County displays are expected shortly California grape juice,$7 per keg. I I.ETTUCE.-Arrivals from the South have
fallen ofT. Fair of Louisiana
head let-
I supply
ever, not a plant missing, not,a Vacant from Lee, DeSoto, Alachua and Baker tuce still on the market lea from former re-

space. The sandy surface of the counties, also from the St. Cloud Su RETAIL VEGETABLES. ceipts. Sales are slow. Choice to fine sells ina
small way at $334 per bbl Common stock
beds has been smoothed with a Manufacturing Company. As al- Corrected by If aw a Bros. dull at$1@2 per,bbl.

fine,tooth comb, almost as.,if sandpapered ways the case, the Exposition unfoldsits Irish potatoes, lOc per quart,or 50o per peck; TOMATOES.-New in 8-tb boxes slow at75c@
$1.00. California 20-ft boxes, $1.50@2.50, according -
; the dead leaves have been attractions slowly. sweet potatoes,5c per quart, or 25c per peck; to quality. Be,muda 81'lb() boxes

picked i 'off; the young' leaves are fresh There is an array of spectacles, onions,lOc per quart,or Soc per peck; carrots, held at $1. ales of tomatoes are very slow.
100 per quart, o* roc per peck; turnips,yel- There is a marked discrepancy between the
and clean from the water which still shows and curiosities some for and those of
gra- low,50o per peck; beets. Soc per peck; pars- above the "Chicago Trade Re-
hangs sparkling on the edges. Thisis tuitous exhibition, some for com- nips,50c per peck:cabbage,lOc to 15c per head; oranges porter.. and January pineapples.17. For instance, compare

'a' permanent attraction of which mercial enterprise; all of which the tematoes,15 per quart; egg plants 5c to ISo ORANGES.-Florida, bright! choice: $3.1tj@

neither the lapse of time nor the indifference visitor who is so inclined will have each; celery, 100 per bunch or 60c pr dozen; 3.25; Florida, good Florida$2 753; Florida, large,

y of man can rob the Sub.Trop ample leisure to inspect and investi-- radlahes,5o per bunch; garlic,20c) per pound. common mon $3x1.50, $2.; Florida&}; Tangerines, Tangerines, good, ,com-$3,75

@5; Florida, grape fruit, $$2.5033: Florida, Na-
ical.On gate. vel,$2 75@3; 50: Valencia: good, $5$5.50; Jap-
the left is the curtained corner a < HIDES, SKINS, FURS, ALLIGATOR SKINS. anese Mandarins f 1@l.53.PINEAPPLES.
Per dozen "..
fancy,'J ;
of the W. C. T. U., 'whence cold water THE MARKETS. Corrected by Babel Bro per dozen,fair,$2.50 J3.

is to be given to the thirsty pilgrim HIDES-Dry flint,70 to 7o per pound; dry
salted,50 to 60 per pound;green salted,3} o to3c
and hard is the
; by tasty pavilion,
Deer skins flint 25c f
Quotations for Florida Fruits and per pound.
dispensing without money and .without 20c per pound; dry salted, 22o to 24o per ST. Louis,Jan.17, 1891.

price the more nourishing beverage. ,: Vegetables.REPORT pound. Furs-Otter skins, ?1.00@6.00 each; The orange market shows but very little
Baker's breakfast I skins, 150 to 300 each fox skins, ISo to Improvement over oar very discouraging report -
cocoa. BY FLORIDA FRUIT EXCHANGE. coon ; of last week. There is certainly quite a
On a large table of well selected cit- 400 each; mink skins, 15o to 40s each;cats, 150 loss visible for s" price or cost
JACKSONVILLE, Jan. 191891. to SOc each. Alligator skins, lOo to OOo each. in Jacksonville(Home Market), f.o. b ,is ta$
rus samples we note some curiosities.A 225box, for if to those figures added
,Since report t of 15th inst., the exchange has Wool-Clear,20c to 22c perpound; burry, 12c
and commission
freight or some margin for
box of "Oosin" (Oonshiul) oranges, held fire auction sales with averages as fol- to 180 per pound. Beeswax, 22c to 2lc per selling, the aggregate equals a figure that
of the shape and color of Satsumas lows: ?2.2,, $235, |2.C9254, $2.51. By com- pound. promptly stops the sale. Assorted size can
paring these averages with averages given in be bought easily bore MIay at 2.50&2.71()( by
but smaller about to the
running 500 the car lot, every dealer is crowded and sales
box, with a kid-glove peel, thin and last report, It will be Been that no change has as a rule slow, and prices ranging from$2.26(3(
occurred so far as prices are concerned. We REPORT BY G. S. PALMER. 325, majoilty about $275. The larger sizes,
parting readilyfrom: the flesh. Quay are unable to note any signs of Immediate 99 to 112, do not move even at $ .25 box. We
from Exhibited NEW YORK. Jan. 17,1891. are promised strawberries next month from
middling to good.
ity Improvement. Receipts of oranges for the week aggregating Texas which would Indicate that the Lone
Lake fruit is still the markets and Star State would be about the first in
by George Lever Paisley, Large a drug on shippers
; 51,892 boxes, and total receipts to date are .
market this
our seaon.QUESTIONS
is largely responsible for the reduced aver
county. in excess of last year to same date. They are
Several plates of variegated and ages recently published, fruit ranging 150 to in excess of the present demand,bat the low
200 size sells at market values.
: readily top and REPLIES.All .
prices will tend to Increase consumption,
"blood from the
myrtle" oranges, ...
We are just in receipt of the following tele- re-action in the market
we hepe to see a soon.
Kingsley Lake, Clay county. grove of gram: "Cables report crop of Valencia reasonable questions coming from a tabacrl-
Selected sizes selling at $3; fancy brights in ber,will be answered as promptly possible and
Charles J. Sundell, a winle residentof frosted. Crop of Sicily th:rd destroyed by linea$2.75russets$2.2532.bTangerines; ''; $3@ without charge addressed to the editor at Lawtey.
hall and hurricane." Replies can not be given by mall.wwww.
( Starke. The leaves of the varie-
4;Manierlns, $23150; grape 44.50 per

gated variety are parti-colored, green bbl.Choice 20 SISAL HEMP-PECANS. W.

and yellow; the fruit, a medium .or HOME MARKET REPORT.JACKSONVILLE vegetables in better demand, green Sa isbury, Merritt\ Fls. (1) The leaf
peas, $3@4 per crate; string beans,$3@150; cu-
but with lemon color and ( sent was received a week in advanceof
ange, apparently you
,Jan. 21,1891. cucumbers$2.50@3< 53);tomatoes,'2J.75;beets,
letter. An of the Florida
your expert
lemon cells. The "blood
) The general orange market of the countryshows $1.50; egg plants, $137 per bbl. The latter in Fiber Jacksonville believesit
myrtles" are very small, orange colored l. no Improvement since last report, in good demand, an 1 outiook favorable for all to be the true Sisal hemp plant, but

and,thebranches'.covered'thickly fact there has been a slight decline all round. vegetables from this time. says you should have cut it off closer to

the whole length 'with minute leaves.In The recent heavy receipts of Mediterranean NEW YORK,Jan. 20,1891. the plant for complete identification.You .

the great tobacco pavilion of the oranges are unusually flue,and at the low prices Indian and Halifax river oranges are sellingfor should set the plants in rows ten
at which they have been sold, they are &253.75( ; bright selected stock from other feet apart and six feet in the row; this
El \Iodeloan the El Lobo
companies filling the place of a certain class of Florldas, section of the State,$3(33( 25;good bright stock, gives ample space and prevents them
we note an interesting display of a> the quality of the latter are not up to the $275;common and coarse large sizes, 22.50; from thornin each other. They oughtto

cigars and) tobacco,by E. A. Lindsley. usual average standard,and a portion of the russets, as to size and quality, $Z2 50; Tangerines be set out In the fall, but you

of North Jacksonville; a pretty. miniature Florida going in are somewhat frohted. The ?3@4; Mandarins|t2i250; peas, $3(@4; gain time by transplanting now rater

two'horse loaded with to- quantity now In market is not excessive, but beans scarce and are wanted at fig).-Sp dal than wait a year. This answers all your
wagon dealers have. no confidence and feet ,an over tll Times-Union. questions; if you wish any further infor-
bacco, and everything, even to the supply. mation write us. We shall be pleasedto

manes and tails of the high-stepping Home Market prices are well sustained as serve you. ((2)) Pecans do best in

steeds, fashioned out of tobacco by.Charles compared with the prices realized In the REPORT BY M. GEORGE &; CO. North and West Florida. They mightdo

Braker in the La Rosa factory. great centers. Better prices are realized than CHICAGO,Jan.17,1891.! well in your section! on deep rich soil

We'made mention of the quality of In any one cf the outside markets. because ORANGES-Are still quiet. Supply liberal. free from standing water. For seed
here all points are brought into competition Choice fruit. of medium size Is moderate sale, nuts write to Arthur Brown, Bagdad
this tobacco two weeks ago. TheFlorde through their representatives. While the but large oranges and bulk of finit runs to Florida.

: Tampa factory has an exhibit. Orange and Vegetable Auction Company advise large, is low and weak. 21. ADDRESS. J. C. Blanchard,

of cigars here also. their patrons to ship lightly until conditions Florida, desirable sizes, bright and choice: lona, Fla. Write to Geo. T. King, Villa

rite: boxes of oranges shown, by.J. improve, still they are getting for the held$2.75@3per box. City, Fla.

E. Pace owner of the celebrated fruit they are handling even better prices Florida, good, but large, $2 50@2.75 per box. 22. SEED CORN. I. N. Shannon
than It would bring sent to outside markets Florida, large, rough and common, $2 to Goodlettsville, Tenn. Your sampleswere
Speer grove, near Sanford, and! by by reason of the rivalry of all points here. 2.25. received; they are 'very fine. All

Blair:&' Thrasher, of Jacksonville, il* Several thousand boxes were sold yesterdayat Florida unsound less prices. our readers are engaged more or less in

lustrate the niceties of fancy packing, the following prices: Fancy, f2@2. : Florida Tangerines,cases of two boxes quo- the cultivation of the soil.

with the oranges wrapped' papers of brights,fl.&@1.00;ordinary brightsfl.30@L50; table at$3&L50( fo-common to choice. 23. SEA ISLAND COTTON SEED.T. .

different hues. But the' most el gantpac'kJng golden ru6seU$1.5532;russets$1.3'@1.75; Tangerines Florida grape fruit slow at 150@2S per A Carson, Flomaton, Ala. Those
is in: f&5Q$3.9)); Mandarins, II.. (2.05; box. who have Sea Island cotton seed to sell

anywhere displayed seen Navel, I1.7X34; grape fruit., $2 65@2.85 Culls In filling orders fine selected: : fruit sells for might find it to their advantage to adver-
the boxes from the grove of W. S. and drops not quotedJacksonville betterthan above prices. tise in our columns. Write to H. F.
Hart, Hawks Park, Volusia county, i I Valencia cases are selling at$,5. Dutton, Gainesville, Fla.

each wrap bearing the private imprint I Markets. I i Messina, boxes, $ $2 25. 24. LADIES1 BAZAR. M. K. Chap--

orjNraad.;.. the owner. And the most WHOLESALE PRODUCE. Jamaica,barrels, $3 253&50. man, Lake Mary, Fla. Write to S. A.
PINE APPUES.-Florida pines are quoted Adams, Jacksonville, Fla.
of.taiga fruit i is equal to the packing,
Corrected' by Tho Xooney ft SO.u. dozen. The fruit is
rather slow at$1@L50 per 25. ADDRESS. A. A. C -&tantiBe.
belftf strictly fancy. Early ros potatoes, per barrel, $4.25;
rather small. Wauchula, Fia., Write to Geo. T. King,
TkeYadiea'arar.has made a beginning ? Burbank, $..00; Florida cabbage, $100 Fla. "
and workmen erecting a per barrel; tomatoes crate., 3.60; fancy, <
were sale at$9 26. RICE CULTURE. C. A. Smith
960: lemons, box, I&2X3&50( ; banannai, BERMUDA> PorrTOB3.-Slow per
Urge glass cabinet to receive this class fancy 60 barrel. Goshen, Fla. Will present next week
bunch, $1.2331.75; peanuts per
,. of.,exblbite. Mrs. F. Haskins, of pound; peanuts,extra, 50 per pound; pecan BKBXUDA ONIONS.Held at SlieSt per C an article on this subject for your

MTaariville i ; Putnam county! displays nuts, 150 per pound; almonds, iTo per pound; box. Slow sale. I benefit.i .



F : :* 4 .

'" .
JANTJABY 22 1891/V
70-' :* A :- THE'FLORIDA.DI8PATCH.FARMEK ,AND FRUTT-GKOWEB. ( '-.. ..#......

1 I
1 :. thick. So I her.about fifty, and
KAI APPLE (Aieria Caffra).The Lilium Ercelaum. gave .

a.rrdeIl.arid Lawn Kai apple is a native of Natal and Why is it we hear so little in praiseof do'you know her flowers, were larger ,
much perfect. I .
than mine and more
....- ....- ,Caffr ria It is a tall shrub, yieldingan Lilium txttsum. Lilium auralum and
about it John laughed.
-- _. 1> edible fruit,of a golden yellow color, is raved over as the grandest lily for was vexed '.
Some Troublesome Florida Weeds, about the size of a small apple. It is summer flowering, and, indeed, too He says I had the best of it after all, #
and if I want to do good shall, tell
No. 7. commended as a hedge plant, as it is much caunot be said of its beauty.
densely clothed with strong.dry spines. Harrisii is extolled to the skies as a Sarah why; but I shall wait until next '

[U. H. SIMPSON, MANATEE FLA.] The leaves are small and of a rich.green pot plant and winter bloomer, and summer. "

Convolvulus sei ium. (Hedge Bind- hue. The plant grows readily frpmseed beautiful indeed it is. The praises of John says that transplanting"

weed Great Bindweed, Rutland but can also be multiplied rapidly by Candidum are sung by all, and I joinin toes decreases the yield, and he thinks

Beauty, ). This species is usually cuttings, using bottom heat. In this the refrain. the same is true of tomatoes; he knowsit

known by the name of Morning-Glory way plants can be secured for hedge But for beauty, fragrance and general is so with sweet corn, from: numerous -

in Northwest,Illinois, and probably in planting without waiting for the stock l satisfaction give me Excchum. trials to grow it early.So .

other parts of the country. It prob- plant to reach blearing age.Ve send Not that I admire bright-colored! flow- we have come'to the conclusionthat

ably .does not extend very. far into I by express two plants to each appli ers more than white, for, on the whole, transplanting under good .conditions ,--?>*.

Florida, though Dr. Chapman creditsone cant; 25C. 1[ prefer white blossoms, but Excelsum favors the perfection of some ,

of the varieties to this State, and CAPER BUSH (Capparis spinosa).- is so delicate in its coloring and so flowers, but reduces the yield of seed

the variety is probably nearly as badas It is possible that the production of rare that it cannot but excite admiration and fruit.

the typical f form. It'is a twining the "capers" of commerce, which are and pleasure, while its exquisite Are we' right, Mr. Editor?-American "

vine several feet long with, alternate, the pickled flower-buds of this plant, fragrance intoxicates the sense; and Cultivator. ."
four may become one of our minor agri- its blooming qualities must cause .
arrow-shaped leaves three to sure ..... ,
cultural industries. The plant is 'a of the amateur. It
inches long, which vary considerably.They the gratification 'w
free bloomer with us from June to fault. It does not
are lobed at the base. and ,sometimes I has one grievous
sowewhat toothed. The flowersare I October; the flowers are strikingly increase rapidly, like some other va.

bell-shaped, an inch and a half or beautiful and the foliage attractive., It, rieties.I The Voice :
is of low habit and plants should be :
two inches long, and are white or rose- do not know whether it would door
color. At the base of each flower two set at least six feet apart. Three plantsto { forcing or not, but think not, as

., large, leafy bracts enclose the calyx. each applicant by be express furnished: 250.at it matures too slowly; but it does fairly Is the.easily throat Injured or larynx-the at slightest once affecting irritation Its ot

It is a perennial and one of the most Larger quantities can when pot grown if plenty of room be tone, flexibility, or ower. All efforts to
noxious weeds known. Where it is cost of packing to those desiring to given it. I have grown mine in a two sing or speak In public, under such conditions
commercial scale become not only painful but danger'ous
established in a field the stems twine plant for trial on a 'and a halt gallon oaken paint-keg; so and should be strictly avoided until :
around every cultivated plant within BLACK WATTLE (Acacia dccurrtns). one may grow this most beauteous lily every symptom Is removed. To effect a. .:'
the -This tree has demonstrated its adaptation rod speedy cure no other medicine Is equal to
their 'reach, almost smothering even though not owning a square ""
life out of every plant they come in to mos tCalifornia climates, a of mother earth. Required only a pot

contact with and greatly damaging the rapid grower and very desirable as a Full of rich soil and a yearly top dress- Ayer'sS
crop. Every fragment of a root formsa shade or ornamental tree, as well as for ing of compost and fresh soil, and no

new .plant, so the more it is cut to its economic importance as the source disturbing ol the bulb itself. 1 potted Cherry PectoralThe .

pieces the more plants these are. : of the wattle bark of commerce. mine in good rich, sandy soil mixed
from the University best of anodynes,this preparation rap
Small sent
Carolinensc. Horse Nettle). mold and well-rotted cow
Solanum with
( seed in ,leaf ( idly soothes irrit'.tlon: ,strengthens the delicate }
This,is a prickly plant a foot ,or two are already bearing sey. chips. Drainage was secured by having organs of speech,and restores the voiceto
high with white or pale blue flowers eral localities in the State. General holes in the paint keg at the bottom its tone and power. No singer or public t-
is reported with seed pre speaker should be without it. Lydia Thompson -
half inch in diameter and and as a first layer, an
an or m re where the seed has placing, ,the famous actress, certifies: "Ayer'.
globose orange-yellow berries seven or viously sent out, inch or so of charcoal, rather fine.- Cherry Pectoral has been of very great ser-
eight lines in diameter. It is a peren- been put in boiling water and allowedto VicKs Magazine. vice to me. It Improves and strengthensthe
stand and, cool 12 hours before voice, and Is always effective for the
nial and usually grows in waste '*
Otherwise the seed may cure of colds and coughs.
grounds. It should be cut up or dug planting. Transplanting Reduce the "rjpon several occasions I, have suffered '
with the spade. Solanum nfgrum, not germinate until the second year. Does from colds, causing hoarseness and entire
up and S The seed is small, and a packet prop- Yield of Seed and Fruit.I loss of voice. In my profession of an auctioneer
Common Nightshade), profile
( affection of the voice or throat
i are found ,in cultivated and waste erly handled should, give trees for a like beautiful flowers and always Is a serious matter, but at each attack I I

grounds and produce rather small: large plantation ; 2C. per packet by buy the choicest seed. Two years agoI have been relieved by a few doses of Ayer's
This remedy, with ordinary -
black berries. Flowers' white- and j mail.LICORICE bought Henderson's imported balsams Cherry care,has worked such a
.--This important commer- wanted
pale-blue. in twelve colors. I to sow

cial- plant has demonstrated. its adaptation them in the hotbed. but John said they Magical Effectthat
California conditions and offers
Some Semi-Tropical Plants and \ to ; would blossom just as soon in the !gar .
inducements to those who have i mixed the seed. I have suffered very little Inconven ,
G Shrubs. of den. Finally, we ience. I have also used it In my family,with'excellent .
suitable lands., The importation Half of it was sown in the bed, prickedout results, In coughs, colds, Ac."-
r The California State Agricultural licorice from Europe to the United at two leaves, changed into boxesat "Win.H. Quartly,Mlnlaton, Australia.
is and the market for "In the spring of 1853,at Portsmouth,Va..
College. has issued a bulletin, offeringto States very large, two inch size, and later transplantedinto attack of '
typhoid -
a severe
the people of that State seeds and the local' product is promising. Mr. the open garden. The soil in the I was pneumonia.prostrated My physicians exhausted

cuttings of various plants suggested Isaac Lea, of Florin, Sacramento, boxes was a mass of roots. We pickedoff their remedies, and for one year I was not

: for"trial. We quote a few paragraphs: county, our largest producer, obtains the suckers, training the plants as able to even articulate a word. By'the Pectoral ad- '

CAROBS.-In view of the continued 140. per pound for dried medium sized single stalks, and the flowers were so vice of, and Dr.to Shaw my I surprise tried Ayer's and great Cherry Joy, In-, t-

inquiry for this forage producing tree roots, such as druggists use, and the I large they actually crowded each other less than one month I could converse easily, \.
Mediterranean w have manufacture of stick licorice would like in a natural tone of voice. I continued to
i, of the region, e off the stem. You never saw the and have become since a well nan. >:'
grown a small lot of seedlings for distribution probably pay even better, if i one would I perfect double camelias of exquisite improve I have often recommended the Pectoral,a&d ,

: : this year. The Carob treeCtrtllonia give the effort needed to succeed in its shades; but not a seed 1 have never known It to fail."-George;K.',, .

( Sillqua) is the true "A1 a- production. Licorice produces best The other half of the seed was sown Lawrence,Valparaiso,Ind. ,

roba," or St..John's bread of the Mediterranean ,. on low, moist ground. Land that is Not
in the as John '
region, and has been heretofore overflowed in winter suits it well, and of the flowers were dou- Ayer's Cherry Pectoral r rPUPAUD

recommended for cultivation in submergence does not injure the plant.It one-quarter ble but there was seed enough for an ,

the southern part of the State on dry will, however, grow on almost any BTWl
and otherwise unavail ible hillsides as soil. The roots should be planted in acre.Last
spring I sowed some expensiveaster J. C. AVER & CO.: ..... MKS.
well as in richer and moister lands, for rows four feet apart, the roots placedone it ,
the production of an excellent milk- foot apart in the row and culti seed in a long, row, thinking Sold by all Dra 1au. Price$1; six bottto,$6.-

producing! feed. (See report College vated like corn. Harvesting is done would be nice to have plenty the of plants flowers -

of Agriculture 1884, page 109, and by plowing out with a strong team oj to give away.Vhen Sarah
The Carobis with The plants were about three inches high,
report 1886 page 108)). digging spades.
about as, hardy as the orange, but which we send to each applicant will Belford (she never will spend a cent;
,' to plant a large John says she is as close as.the bark PALE SICK lYE
owing to its drouth resisting qualities soon give: roots enough
and wanted to
when once established, is destined to area if desired. Let it be remembered,, of a tree) came over
have a much wider range than thai however, that licorice in land whichis know if I would be "so" kind as to give !!ILlllllftlallnbJeet [
and tell the
is troub her some of my asters; to
tree. Four plants to each, it being desired for other purposes a
weed and hard to eradicate.. truth I did not want to, but Johns to 13 P.8.S are lDIIi, :.f'1r..try... wllb
necessary to make'sure of having both, lesome ...1 ft._&remedy t ""f1 -1e4
.. staminate and pistillate trees together? ; \Ve, send five root cuttings toeach ap. ; id I might as well let her have some .e.-_.7e&n"1IM.Blth.y.B.A.F'AHNESTO, ..".VIHtM!F a r .
250. by express. plicant; loc. by mail, postpaid. as to throw them away; they were too Heytbaii .!'i Yaiaare..A L..... "" roidlo C






disease will ordinarily run its course BAKED POTATO.For this receipe use
Our .1\u I Jlome.. i in. about a month and disappear, either cold mashed potato, warm it in a

...r- .- because the mucous secretions becomeso spider with pepper, salt and butter. STRENGTH VITALITY1
poisonous that the parasites can no When thoroughly warmed, stir throughit
1. "Company is Coming." longer live in them, or because they one egg, when preparing the dish How Lost! How Rsgalrled,

Bead your knees at worry'shrine "breed out" and pass away. The life for a family of four. Place the mix '
,IB intense. devotion; is ture in dish and brush H fJVCE
period of one of these parasites only a baking over
Bet the boo**;from cellar to
are the with the white of an If of11Ff
J AUto in commotion. about two days, consequently they top egg.
rapidly. too dry, a little milk be added
Cram the engine,get up steam., propagated: .yery may ,
Set the wheels a hamming, This disease is contagious; it may and bake forty five ,minutes.

Make them whirl,and whir,and. whiz,<. be communicated from one person to SCALLOPED POTATOES.-Pare a suffi-
"Company Is coming! another, though the transmission is cient number of potatoes. KNOWTHfflE.

Raise a d<.ln every room, not very readily accomplished. It is Experience will soon teach you the THE SCIENCE OF LIFEA
_Set the atoms flying; supposed to be carried chiefly in the l correct quantity. Then slice them on Scientific the Errors and ofYouthPremitIlreDec11neNlrTou.Standard Popular Medical Treatise

Scold la the the corner children lying.,rout the cat .. dned sputa (spittle), being borne in very thin.' and Physical Debility,Impurities of the Blood.EXHAUSTEDVITALITK. <

the dust; or it may be communicated !, A machine can also be bought for
those restless bands
Rap baby
,On the"window drumming; by direct contact. this purpose though it rather expen
Every window most be clean; The practical matter that concerns sive. Fill a bakin .dish-an agate
"Company is comlngl" :our readers is the treatment; this con- basin is very good-with a layer of UNTOLD MISERIES

Leave no object; In the house sists in the inhalation of vapors de- potato, and pepper, salt and bits of Resulting from oily Vice,Ignorance,Excess orOnrtanUon.

In condition normal; structive to the parasites. Fortunately, butter, and then another layer, until for Work,Business, Enervating,theMarrledor8ocl.alRe1&t10D.ATold and unfitting the victim.
Make the very cradle look we have many agents belonging to this I the dish filled. unskillful pretenders. Possess this great
Prim and stiff,and formal. I work. It contains 800 pages,royal Sro. Beautiful
acid Add of milk and
class, among which are carbolic a cup place a cover binding embossed full gilt.: Price only $1.00) by
At the oven scorch your' face, tincture of chloride of iron, quinine,. over the'dish and bake an hour and a mail,postpaid,conceal In plain wrapper. Illustrative -
Have the stove jntt "booming, I Prospectus Free,If yon apply) now. The
'Fix up"something"good to eat;" sulphuric. acid, nitric.. acid.. ., benzoateof ,. quarter. distinguished. author,Win. H. Parker M. D., received -
"Company k coming!" soda, etc., all of which remedies You can vary this receipe by cov- from the National Medical Association for
Cram the engine, keep up steam. should be in solution with sufficient ering the last layer of potato with one this PRIZE ESSAY on NERYODB and

4 Keep the wheels a humming; water so that they can be inhaled of finely crumbled bread crumbs. of PHYSICAL Assistant Physicians DEBILITY.Dr.Parkerand may be consulted corps confidentially
1 Fcrnb and scour,and bake and stew; without producing irritating effects. Also-the potato may alternate witha by mail or In person, at the omoe of
"Company Is comlngl"Labor The inhalations should be made freely layer of crumbled cracker crumbs. No.4 Bnlflnch St.,Boston,Maaa.,whoa all
still a"nervous"pulse orders for books or letters for adnce should be
of the milk
In head Is drumming and as often as! every hour or two, Instead using a cup directed: as above
Till yon your ache from head to foot; and continued for a week, because a of chicken soup would be a delightful

"Company coming few parasites may escape and others addition. E.T.V.&G.

When your guests amve,It will inay be developed from germs that Oyster soup could also be provedover

Make their pleasures doub'eTo were lurking in protected places. The the scalloped potatoes and a few RAILWAY SYSTEM.Two .

precelve you've put yourself vapor can be t st produced with an oysters, chopped, and sprinkled over
To a world of trouble. atomizer or sprayer, which most drug top, would give it a fine flavor Fast Trains Every Day to the

Then,although you feel you've done stores have for sale. ADELE K. JOHNSON. North, West, and East.
More than you were able, Syracuse N.Y.
This disease should not neglected
Fall not to apologizeFor ---. 0 .
your house and table. even in robust persons. And in -Lament for the Guavas. COB.B.ECTED November 1690 TO Rotes Special.OhIo Daylight EXpreu.LY .
This Is hospitality the aged or weak it is especially important Editor Ow Rural Home. JaeuooTWe H.F a: W Ry s'oar'p m ":fi 00 a mLv
F a W 8 55 m 1 m .tmLy"ayeroll
Callahan S. : Ity P
That the wheels be bumming, to treat it at once, as, if the After'a long silence, I once more B.raWRy: : 1140pm 915 a mLvJesup
Rut and comfort banished,when"Company reach and become take the to address the ET v&OR7: 120am 1040amAr
widely opportunity
parasites Macon E T. V a: a Ry 6 47 am 4<< ::10 pm..
Is coming! disseminated_in the lungs they often "Rural Home." Where are all the LvMacon Atlanta ETVkORy ETVkORy:: 1035am 702am 1040pm 710pm
'-Voop Hoiuekeeplng.- cause death. The ordinary treatmentfor sisters that occupied a space in its LY Atlanta E T,V a: ORy. 11 roam 11 ro.mAr
Rome E T,Va: OR, 150pm roam
"a cold" is worse than useless, columns ? We have watched for them, Ar Chattanooga E T,V a: a Ry ; r.00 p m 613 a m
La Grippe.For except that it is advisable to give qui- but, alas I the places that once knew Al'Buntlo LyChattanooga aC&C300pm:: 320am I. am I 301pm 7 :lOam
Our Kara Home Ar Lexington a: C 413 a m :I 30 a m ::1:10: P m
: nine to stimulate the system and braceit them know them no more. I strongly CI.et..a" &C roam "''am UpmLy

In looking over: the proceedings-of! f.. up against the weakening effects of suspect it is because a gentleman occupies -I LY Chattanooga BuJ'Jt1n I psit Lou.: C Sou.Route DIy. ( 5 S 2J 15! P a m m 11 :10:10 P a mAr m
the Florida Medical Association for I the parasites.-ED. the editorial chair. I will ad- LoulaytlJe Lou.Son DIy. t Z a m p mLvRome

1890 we came ,upon a paper on this I mit I have stood a little in awe of be- LYCleTelaud.ET.ET.VAO.V&ORy: Ry <4 155pm< as pm 240alD 510 a mAr
A. T. Cuzner M.D. whichis Knoxville E T.V a: 0 Ry I 33 pm 7 55 a m
subjeet,by ing criticised by a man but he is only
Different Ways of Cooking Pota- ArMorrtstown E T.V k 0 Ry 810 plD t 30 a mAr
pertinent at the present time. This human and I thought I would ventureto 'Paint Rock E T.V a: 01ty 9 50 P JJJ 11 O1alDLY
toes. Paint Rock R&: D Ry 9 M pm 1111 a mAr
disease is not, as many believe, an Rural Home. inquire if all the sisters had gone 1I0t Springl' R a: D Ry. 1010 P ID 1124 a mAr
A.benUe R&D Ry 11 Z P ID 12 43 p IDLY'
aggravated case of "a cold" or influenza Of all the vegetables the potatois North or got discouraged or had La Chattanooga M A: C Div. 8 00 p m 110 a mAr
but is caused minute Decatur I H sit 0 DIy. 12 15 a m 11:10: D'n
by parasites the most commonly ftsed. Grippe, or what was the matter. Per- Memphis )1a C Div 1:10am: 840pm
which become attached to the mucous And new or different methods of haps if they all have had their guava OHIO SPECIAL SOLID TRACT and carries Pullmanor

membrane lining the nasal cavities and cooking it are always eagerly) sought bushes nipped by Jack Frost as we Sleepers Mann Sleeper Chattanooga Jacksonville to Memphis to Cincinnati. Chattanooga*Pullman to

air passages, producing the tickling, after by the enterpnsing house keeper, have they could sympathize with me, Rome Louisville with and Pullman Knoivllle Sleeper to Ashevllle.arriving Philadelphia Connects at ;

the sneezing, the watery secretion and in order that "variety which is the for as I sit I can look out upon the Sleeper 1053 p m.arriving.via Harrlsburg.Washington and 2:3u:at p.Cleveland nt,via Lynch-;with

the paroxysms coughing.. At first spice, of life" may enter into our daily great bushes with their leaves all b'DAYLIGHT EXPRESS carries Sleepers Macon to ,
(hey attack the mucus'surfaces of the, menu. curled and dry, which but a short Chattanooga to Memphis.Chattanooga'
= and Knoxville to
Atlanta to
to etnc
eye end nose, causing free secretionof The following receipes are all reliableones time ago were green and flourishing. Hot Springs. Connects at Knoxvllle with .Pullman
tears and thin mucous and often and I hope they will be new to But, alas I the frost has put his blighting Sleepers RATES arriving TO THE New EAST York are 1:20 as: low p.m-as,via by Harrlsbnrg.any all ran

intense paroxysms of sneezing. The many of the readers of "The Rural, finger upon them and they rustleas route,and the scenery Is unexcelled.

parasites gradually travel from the Home." .' the wind sweeps through them. Apply COMPLETE to Ticket INFORMATION Agents of connecting cheerfully lines furnished,or to

nasal surfaces down into the fauces, 'The ordinary dish of mashed potatoes They were too tender for this part of FRANK DIM.M.Pa JOLLY...Agent, WM TraY JONES, Pass.Agent
larynx, trachea and larger and smaller can, with a little attention,' be the world and are gone, but we are 75 W. Bay St,Jacksonville, Fla.

bronchi. As soon as they reach the made very'palatable. not discouraged, for they will grow B. W.Oen XVRENJf PUL and Tkt.Agt.CHAS.. .Aut.V.OeD.EIGHT P....Ad-,
fauces (the posterior part of the mouth) It should always be served hot and again. Some of the geraniums! have Knoxvllle Tenn. Atlanta,Ga.'

there is a burning heat and irritation not merely warm, when it loses half dropped their leaves, but they are not Line--St.Johns River
": in the parts that causes severe cough of its delicious flavor.It badly hurt, and take it all together I Day

ing. When the larger air-passages: of should be thoroughly seasoned do not think the frost has done much BTB.ELIZA HANCOCK Except Sunday.leaves Jacksonville,

the lungs are reached a 'heavy, hot, with pepper, salt, a generous spoonfulof damage yet, if we could only be as- foot Main St.,at2 p.m.for Hibernia,Magnolia, '
feverish pain is felt in the parts they rich butter, and several l of milk. sured he would not come again.S. Orange Green Cove Mills Spring and Palatka., Plcolata Leave Federal Palatka Point,

invade, accompanied by flushes of .SNOW POTATO.-For. this a patent M. A. 7 a.m., connect at Green Cove Spring for
BaDtaFe.Arrive at Jack soovllle .
heat and fever. This stage is characterized .. masher, called "The Henis" masheris .. THB1IL-F00THOLE 12:9)"'e'roN1and,p.m.,assuring early connections for the "
West. E.V.H.POST,Gea.Aft,,
violent coughing often IK MINUTJKS. North and
by : ? } necessary. DUG TWO E. W. EBBKTTS, On Beard
long and painful, especially in ,the The price is only forty cents and it will The boreaho'ewherelloother coming digger It 100 W, Bay St. .'

morning. If the .parasites are, not can be used for almost any purpose? anger will work Pineapple SlIps..
It!. the only pott hole Fancy
checked.and keep where a masher is required. digger that will empty
trate the smallest ramifications of the .It mashes the potato very fine and the dirt 1 tie 11 touching dead for Pi Ice List to

air:-passages of the lungs, ,the patient with, proper seasoning, it is consid- .aj prJD your.COUJIt Get the,.. agencyfor Write JOHN,B.BEACH, Melbourn, Fhu:..;:

begins to have symptoms of asthma.. ered.by many to be far superior to the .1 I quck.! Address.Catvnox saws Mro.. Co.. .:I Indian River Nurserie r i
In ,the case of a robust person,the older) method. '" OFXX. CLOSXD" Springfield Oblo. I '" -



a _




s.. ; ''" .= ,.....:: ... : >... .- ........,.".:-::: : ..-" .; "-:"' :' : .. -' J_. '

: '. t:'nThe Farmers: : Allianc l'- 'l : .. .
.,i,, '"i. ....'.....,' ,. : ,)

/h) ,.. :..,
: ;, J,. ', '

; ORGAN. .,. OF THE STATE .. ..; ., ., .
,. '.
to -
: :: "VOL. V.; ." ',! : ?:' "Agriculture is the Basis of Wealth. .- .. No. 4.TOM .

,1',SAWYER- '-, -' Staff Contributor.. should make our living at home, but rus county Farmers Alliance, in session own people' loved him dearly they

that is their business, and we must. at Stage Pond, Fla., January ist, loved the Allianc 'mor .
.Money,to Loan. look out for ourselves. 1891, so far as relates to the foregoing With these facts in view need ''we

A Californian, who is a, free and TOM SAWYER. resolution. E. A. HARRISON, wonder that the. National Alliance at

easy sort of a' fellow borrowed a .. Secretary County Alliance. Ocala almost unanimously endorsed
--* ------
thousand 'd llars, giving 'his' note forth Malaria and Shirts. Lecanto,Fla. the Sub-Treasury plan as well as every
;2 aamc, with interest at the rate of 5 ? other demand of the St.. Louis, plat-
.' per: cent per month, compounded A,man writes to.the' East Coast Gazelle JL Defense of the SubTreasuryBill. form? Notwithstanding these facts,

', monthly...: ,He ,took.a little trip down a very readable' article about malaria setting forth the will:"of the'' Alliancein

'.; i' into the t ,, raining'regions'' of Mexico, and his own general healthfulness. Editor Alliance Department. unmistakable terms, we find in the
.. ri where, he remained six years, and, After telling about the dangers Columns of a newspaper' claiming\
r. being" rather careless about financial from eating certain articlesespeciallycanned Would you allow me, as a reader of be the organ of the Florida State Alli--

: -' ,, matters, he, in the meantime, forgot goods-he winds up with this your excellent paper and an Allianceman ance, in the editorials of the staff cor-
., all about the money he had borrowed. remarkable statement: "I wear flan- to say a few words in your col l-- respondent of the Alliance departmentsuch
I that the Alliance staff
;;"' One sad day''' he ran ,up home to see nel the year round and .in summer umns. see as no one can fail to dearly

.. '/0 ,.; his wife, and, while there, was re- change them twice each day." Well, correspondent the takes vital a strong :stand and comprehend are 'in 'direct oppositionto
minded( the old note, yet 'unpaid, he must be, a gentleman with a lot of against most principle the Alliance. Now, sir, the ques-
demand of the Alliance that of the t
to 'which he, answered, in his breezy, leisure on hand to be able to changehis It is ,well-known tion is, why should thIS' be !the case?

off-hand, way: "All right, pardner; apparel twice a day, and unless he Sub-Treasury.fact that since the a of the Your staff correspondent claims, the
!' J I'll ,call round in the morning and does his own washing, his laundry bill adoption Sub-Treasury bill to be unconstitu
take it up"' He was a brave fellow must be a thing of beauty. Now, Sub-Treasury plan by the National, tional from the fact that the gov- t
and flattered himself that nothing suppose a man with a wife, or two or Alliance at St. Louis, on December 3, ernment has no, rightto loan money.
the friends of the National
could scare him, but'when he saw the three wives, and fourteen children 1889, This is not a paternal government.
Banks and financial
figures, informing him that he owed should undertake to carry out such a have present themselves in policy solid \Why has the Alliance department of
,. : enough to buy.the whole State of Cal plan? His weekly wash would amountto arrayed the FARMER AND FRUIT' GROWER
the Alliance.
ifornia: he skipped back Mexico., at least 224 pieces, with several phalanx against that could Though be changed fronts from that of a strong
There is a man in ,Florida, a mem little articles from the baby yet to hear every argument pro advocate of the Sub-Treasury,bill to a
duced of the
the Sub-
ber of the Farmers' Alliance, who from. I think I see some horny- by opponents strong opposer? He consoIe. him
bill and
has been exhausted
', once borrowed'$700, and a few years handed son of toil like ExperimenterDePass Treasury self that there will be another meetingof
have been and refuted
,1 --later'paid $450 on the debt, yet today or Director General Long, or they met by: the National Alliance: before the
facts and the satisfac
w :" :he owes about $3,000 on the, same A. One S. Mann, changing his shirt precedents to political pot of '92 begins to boil.
tion of the Alliance
"s <. transaction. Of 'course we have no twice a day-he would rack off to' the notwithstandingthe As to the staff correspondent's edi-
efforts of the down
.. need for a usury law in Florida-it poor house in about two seasons. It opponents to torialsno one can be mistaken in their,
won't do friend. The idea of the .Sub-Treasury bill, it 'has grown in the
:' might drive away capital-and there my and in favor tenor as being opposition to
are persons who will read this story changing one's shirt every six hours. constantly more more most vital. principle of the Alliance.In .
with the is
still dining to the belief that there are It's mighty nice, but impracticable. I masses. There no deny.ing whose interest are they written?
the fact that this was
no such things as a literal hell and a cannot find time nor shirts, to change on issue Are they not the arguments univer-
personal devil. oftener than once a week, and then it fought the great political battle'duringthe sally adopted by our enemies? As to

.----- makes me hustle to meet the accountof last campaign. the government having ''no authorityto
Pretty, but Unwise. the washerwoman.If Take Kansas as an illustration.. loan' money, did not the United
,A writer in the Prairie Farmer argues people in Florida never keep off When the people met at Topeka, Kan- States Supreme! Court decide that the

'. that it is folly for the South to malaria until they change their shirts sas, last June, after due, consideration U. '''S., government had the right to

attempt to raise ,corn and meat; that twice'a day, we had as well make up they stepped on the St.Louis platformwith loan money, and that they did loan
'_ we ought to purchase these articles our minds to become reconciled to it both feet, and so great were their money'to the Centennial Exposition at
West, as they buy sugar and syrup and go along about our business. achievements in the defeat of John J. Philadelphia and force the Exposition
from us. Now, that is what I call a Two shirts a day? Great Caesar! Ingalls and the Wall Street sharks Company to repay it to the govern

very pretty idea of reciprocity, J but it Fourteen shirts a week? Caesar Au. that all eyes are turned toward Kan- ment? He says this is not a paternal
has been gradually impoverishing us gustus! Seven hundred and twenty- sas with the comment "well done government. What does he term

F, for many,' many,.years, and I am afraid eight and ,a fractiom shirts a year ? thou faithful servant, thou hast been paternal?, Was not the taxing of the
.: that it is a case where practice and Excuse me, please. TOM SAWYER. faithful over a few things, we will State Banks 10 per cent. on their circulation -

theory do not entirely harmonize. make thee ruler over many things," as thereby forcing them out of
:: The thrifty Western man is going to shown by the election of the people's business, a paternal act? Again 'is
make everything he can at home and The New Alliance Constitution. candidate, J.. F. Willits, lecturer of not our whole government tattoed

only buy such things as he cannot Editor Alliance Department: the National Council. with similar acts in favor of Wall

profitably raise,;, so we of the South DEAR SIR-At the last session of Kansas by no means is the only I Street? It does not seem that the staff
must follow his example and make all the Citrus county Farmers Alliance precedent we have to refer to; the correspondent in time past has beenat

that we can at home if we ever expectto held January 1st, 1891, the following whole Northwest is ablaze with en- 'all restless under paternalism; if so,

prosper. resolution was adopted, and I was in thusiasm for the Alliance demands. correspondence ,does not show it.

If we could buy corn at 25 cents a structed to request you to publish it in Turn to Tennessee; the unassumingfarmer I The railroads have gone to the government -
bushel,we had better raise it at home; your valuable journal, as the senti-- Mr. Buchanan in the Gubernatorial time and again and asked for

and if bacon gets down to 5 cents, we ments of the Alliances of this county chair, put there by ,the Alli-- paternal favors ;and got them. Wall

had better-raise hogs. Any'man can upon the subject therein stated: ance, fully indorsing every Alliance Street' says to ,our government "we
:: figure this thing out'on paper and demand, backed by forty thousand have got ourselves into a hole and

show.the contrary, and .so can almost EXTRACT FROM MINUTES. majority., How stands the matter in can't get out; so please give us a

any mac' .figure,out'a'fortunein a sawmill ."Be it resolved That we, membersof Georgia? Turn, if you, please, to lift," and the government has gone
: ; bui\the\ ,figures will I lead you tojttin. the County Alliance of Citrus South Carolina; the Alliance had a down into its' pockets promptly and

,,' '. '. Our great cotton crop, which county, Fla., also recommend that'the grand walkover, notwithstanding all helped the spendthrifts. It is helping
is one of the,most 'stupendous things New Constitution adopted at Monti-- the opposition that could be broughtto them now., Wall Street has gambled

on earth, bringing us in two hundredand cello, Fla., shall besent to each County bear against our cause. The time. away;;all'' (of its own money and all
fifty millions of dollars each year, Alliance in the State and shall not "become honored Senator,. Wade Hampton, of other people's that it could' get

\ hardly pays '''our-feed bill, and:all we a law until ratified by the. ma- whom every true Southern person hold of. 'It"has gambled away the

-.. ., make goes to the railroad and the jority of the County Alliances in. this loved", had to step down and out confidence of the people, and the
.,middle man-with just-a little, sop to State.. 'simply on account of his opposition to. prosperity of the people, and our paternal -
', 'the graia-raising farmer of the,West I hereby certifythat: the foregoing is the. Alliance demands. This shows.I l government is"giving them out
:.It: .wwrid be hard on the railroads if we a true copy of the minutes of the :Cit:. clearly that while Senator Hampton's one l hundred'million' dollars to helpL
.. ....-


.-i 'n <




-. .the crowd. The government is: exclusively Southern Alliance.In opinion, working together in the cause effect I the same object, which was ac
'paternal when, gamblers and the history'of the National Farmers of labor: complished. So you see that it was
shylocks want a little or a great deal Money is not the only power con- primarily the money power of Europe
of help, though when the wealth producers Alliance. (Southern Alliance) we trolling the press, but the legislationof that caused the demonetization of silver -
ask for a little favor, notwith find the following: In our country, the country as well. President Lincoln in 1872. But it took $500,000 to
standing the fact that they pay,eighty with the people spread, over 'so' greatan said in his message to Congressin do it.Vhat became of this money?
per'cent of all the taxes,. "it's uncon- area, engaged in so many kinds of, 1861 : "That monarchy is some- Who got it? Don't you suppose it
stitutional, contrary to the spirit of our business, interests will often be found times"hinted at as a possible refuge was used to "influence" the public
government. conflicting. The great variety of soil, from the power of the people. In my press and also some of our dear Con-
If the staff correspondent has some climate and situation affords' infinite- present position I would be scarcely gressmen?
better measure to offer why does he diversity of production, which adds to justified were I to omit exercising a Mr. Seyd was a large owner of
.. not bring it forward instead of joining the wealth of the country and the hap warning voice against returning des American bonds, which under the
such opponents of the 'Sub Treasury piness of its citizens. This diversitywill potism. There is one point to which existing laws, could be paid, interestand
plan as J. I. Ingalls, whom the people create nvalry and opposition in I ask attention-it is the effort to place principal in silver. In Englandour
of Kansas have sat as flat down on trade that will tend to estrange one capital on an equal footing with, if silver dollar is not worth as much
as did the Florida State Alliance last portion of the people from another not above, labor in the structure of the by at least ten cents as our gold dollar.
October when one sought to 'be its unless a sense security and patriotic government. I bid the laboring people Thus, you see, by destroying the
mouthpiece as lecturer who was op pride shall prevent it. Hence, the beware of surrendering a powerwhich monetary power of silver, his bonds
posed to the Sub-Treasury plan. As necessity of organization among the they already possess, and became payable in gold only, which
to why the Alliance department of the. laboring class, especially the farmers, which, when surrendered, will surely added to his individual wealth at least
FARMER AND FRUIT-GROWER has that they may be better acquaintedwith be used to close the door of advance- six millions of dollars. The effect was
changed fronts is quite clear when we their own,and the wants of their ment to such as they, and fix new disabilities the same upon all other bondholders.
i consider that up to the meeting ofr.t the fellowmen. The counsel of the be- and burdens upon them, until Now you can see why he wanted silver -
3 State Alliance in October, 1890, at loved Washington in his farewell ad- all of liberty shall be lost. demonetized in the United States,
t: Monticello, Fla., the Alliance depart- dress is worthy .of perpetual remem And again it was said by the editorof and also whose interests our Congressmen
ment was under the control of the brance. He urged the people to beware :- the New York Tribune, in 1873 or were looking after.
Florida State Alliance, the editor was of sectional stries, and besought 1874 : "That it is astonishing, yea, We must, in our organizations,
selected'by a committee appointed by them, as they valued the principles of startling, the extent to which the faith study these-questions that we may understand -
the State Alliance for that purpose,' liberty and constitutional government, prevails in the money circles in ,New clearly what becomes of our
his editorials voiced the sentiment of not to consider themselves: the citizensof York that we ought to have a mon labor. Legislation that thus increasesthe
the Alliance of Florida, his editorialsin the North or the South, the Eastor archy." The above words were uttered value of bonds, increases the bur-
support of the Sub-Treasury commanded the -West, but to unite, and by before Jay Gould owned the dens of the people to par. It is to
the respect of the Alliance sympathy, kindness, charity and Tribnne [Jay Gould does not own the place capital above labor in the struc-
throughout the country, and w recopied brotherly love to secure the'welfare of Tribune, it is just to say.-EDS.]; before ture of the government That was
by the ablest Alliance journals. the whole country. riches had hardened the heart of the purpose of the act demonetizing
If is a fact that no one dared to refute Why Should the farmers organize? the editor and driven patriotism from his silver. It was that kind of legislation
the arguments set forth by the Alliance Can! any good reason be given for breast. It is an alarming confirmationof which Webster declared "would destroy -
editor. The present staff cor- such an organization as the Alliance? Mr. Lincoln's fear expressed thir- the liberties of any people."
respondent and the editor of the Milton We think reasons can be adduced teen years before. Surely it is well to Which Lincoln warned you "would
Clarion were dumb as an oyster which no one ought to question. guard against this threatened dangerto add to your burdens till all of liberty
in their opposition to the Sub-Treasury Why did not the farmers and laboring our institutions by the centralizationof would be lost. Capital is everywhere -
;., bill through the columns of the classes organize forty or fifty years ago? great wealth in the hands of the organized and alert to securing
Alliance department of the FARMER 'We did not hear of-labor organizationsthen. few. The American people as yet, legislation favoring special plansand
AND FRUITGROWER.The Neither did we hear any talk comparatively speaking, know nothing purposes. The so called "lobby in-
staff correspondent is welcometo about money kings, monopolies; or of'oppression. They have not visited fluence" at Washington has become
all the consolation he can railroad corporations "putting money, countries where it exists, entailing its proverbial. It is an organization of
get out of his fond anticipations of bonds or stocks where they will do the untold 'miseries upon the people, and manufacturers and capitalists to secure
what he may be able to accomplish in most good"-to influence the actionof being affected only by its gradual approach legislation in their special interests
the meeting of the National Alliance Congress or state legislatures. The have paid little attention to without any regard for the public
c: in '91. "0, how the mouse doth farmers have been fleeced by some matters of that kind. But the periodof weal. Large sums of money are thus
play when the cat's away!" When body. They are growing poorer and inactivity is passing away. They used each year. We do not say that
i _" we consider the results attained in the poorer every day. We have said before begin to feel the effects of the legislation direct bribery is used, but we do say
last campaign in five months, we have that when: people are not suited of the country-which has permitted that this money usually accomplishesits
naught; to fear in 1892. What was they may use all honorable means to this great centralization of wealth. specific purpose. The money thus
accomplished in the campaign of 1890 change their Jaws. Something is Dr. Aaron L. Chapin, D. D., Pres- expended is returned from the pocketsof
on Alliance.demands is only a fore- wrong somewhere, and the people ident of Beloit College, in his excellent the people increased a hundredfold.Can .
taste of the good times coming in have found it out Hence, the necessity work on "Political Economy," pub- anyone say that the burdens thus
-. 1892. This is not written with any for organization, and it means lished in 1878, uses this language: "It imposed are required by the public
ill-feeling against the staff correspon something. There is something radically must be acknowledged that through welfare?
dent or any of the opponents of the wrong somewhere when those greater facility for or'ganizationthrough There is no branch of capital thatis
Sub-Treasury plan, for it will still be who work most get least, and those false views which have gained acceptance not thoroughly organized or perfecting -
a the leading issue of the Alliance. By. who work least get most. This fact in the current usage of business, arrangements for organization.
it or something better it seems the forces itself home to every thoughtfulmind. and through mistaken legislation in Envelope manufacturers recently ef.
Alliance is determined it will stand or We want to find out where some things, capital has been unduly fected such organization and immedi-
fall. I appeal to the Alliance men,. that wrong i i.?. Therefore we must favored. It an has advantage and inclines ately advanced prices nearly 100 percent
on which side do you stand, on the organize. The Farmers Alliance was to oppress labor. Laborers Nineteen of the large publishing -
.side of Wall Street and our opponents? organized for the purpose of studyingand have some reaSon complain and ask hou-es which furnish the schoolbooks
or are you on the side of the Alliance? investigating the questions having for relief. Justice and philanthropy for our children have banded
direct ''reference to economic legisla- require that every man who fears God together and will not attempt to displace -
THOS. J. WILLIAMS.: tion. We have no warfare to wage and loves his fellow-man should con each other's books now in actualuse
Bartoir Fla. upon any'political party. As an Alliance sider the rights involved and lend a nor under any circumstances reduce -
) We, cheerfully give place to the_ -very member is left free to helping] hand to the weak." All the prices. We thus pay twenty
., :.' above, though it contains little argument choose his own political affiliations.We machinery by which despotisms are cents for a First Reader that could be
':" : We think all wise Alliancemen labor improve: the condition of made is in operation in this country, sold at a profit for six cents. But why
will ,welcome full 'and free discussion our members mentally, morally socially and much of the motive power and enumerate? It is enough to say that
of any of.their measures. A and financially, and not to hoist a certain lubricating oil necessary to keep the combination and organization exist
measure is of little worth if.it can not class of men into office 'on the machinery running is furnished by the everywhere, save among the agricul-
endure fair, logical argument' No strength of membership fealty Democrats capitalists of Europe. Why do we tural classes. Why should not farmers '
doubt there are plenty of knaves in are Democrats still. Republicans make this statement? Because, in 1872, organize for self-protection when all
Wall l Street, but.there are,also honorable are Republicans still, and no silver being demonetized in France, other vocations are combining If
men-there. We should ,be sorryto questions asked Each member votes England and Holland, a capital of all kinds of manufacturers unite to
'believe that the possession of a his own sentiments unrestrained and ,$500,000 was raised, and Ernest Seyd, limit competition and get better prices ;
large sum of money necessarily: im uninfluenced. The Alliance has of London, was sent to this country for their products, why should farmers
plies that the possessor. ::is ED. ..*. political parties and from all shades of foreign bondholders and capitalists to be victims of schemes and cooibiJANt1 -



\0.. i,

,: ",',,- .. .-.
.. :. ,


nations whose lines of action convergeon security for money to be used in any one does not own. The legitimate trial and commercial system on lines :
,1 them? If the combination systemof business? merchant or trader is the one who has so, radical as to be revolutionary. This .
doing business is to be worked for .If our government can loan 'moneyfor for,sale that which he sells. And the is the fact that. constitutes altogether .

all it is worth, why should not the class one kind of business, by what ruleis party who sells a thing before he acquires the most significant Aspect of the farm .
,that 'produces seven-tenths of the it made unconstitutional to loan for it is, in fact, no matter what ers' uprising. This is the ,characteristic -

wealth;of the world have its share of another on the same security? his purpose ,may be, simply a speculator which broadly distinguishes it from .
the profits? The idea seems to have If our government can loan moneyon l or gambler in that particular con- 'any mere political overturn and com
obtained in the minds of thousandsof its bonds, why not loan money -al tract. pels its recognition as a, part of the
farmers that every man's hand isagainst the same rate on the people's land The evil in these practices is in the present worldwide movement of the
them. That all other classes which makes the bonds good, for if fact that every crop produced and harp masses for a radical change in the in-

in' ,their organizations have combinedfor there were no farms or farmers there vested in the country is sold in advance dustrial system, a movement every- .
the sole purpose of oppressingthem. would soon be no value to the ,bondsof of its delivery for legitimate where so alarming to those who do not

That'they have for years been this country.. consumption a'hundred or a thousand understand it, so inspiring to those..
and sustains 'all times Sold future deliveryby who dp. *f 'Ic *
the' special l 'target for every man to Labor creates over. by
shoot atj; and hence, there is a kind wealth, yet it receives but a small por- men who never owned and never "Whatever the name or form of( the .
of war spirit pervading their entire tion of what it makes. Why shouldit expect to own in good faith one poundor great national party of the people "
being. They feel that legislation, be compelled to pay all taxes? bushel of the commodity sold, but which is destined in the, near future to" .'
whose sole and endeavor is establish nobler.and happier civiliza-,
Laborer's a
both State and National, has been 'directly Answer, who will or can.- purpose ,
against them and that they Light. in concert with hundreds of others, tion in this land, we may be sure that t ,
alone of all the classes, have been ... .. allied in interest and organized by these farmers will be found in the' ,
most shamefully neglected by the law- Mortgages, Cyclones and Floods. selfish greed, to depreciate, lower, ranks. To men who have once con-

making powers of our land. Now, While they are doing this, we laugh I break> down and, if possible, destroythe templated the ideal of human brotherhood ,

that there 'is a great deal of truth in and grow fat, dance and make merryin actual value of such commoditiesin and known the enthusiasm.
this: we do not question. We all the city, and bet how much they the markets of the world based inspires, the petty issues of the .so- ,
know that laws have been enacted fa; will make next year, buy and sell their upon the legitimate, and but for these called great parties cease to have any:,

voring the merchant, the banker, the crops fifty times before they are practices, the inexorable laws of supply meaning."
money-lender, the lawyer, the manu- planted, and charge old "J, ayseeds"with and demand. With united voice t
In the letter of a sportsman to
and determined the farmersof
facturer and the great corporations.There all our losses. purpose '
is no'doubt,that our legislation, The question is, whether: these men, the United States have decreed favorite journal appears the following'
both State and National, has too often the freeest of the free, the authors of that these nefarious, illegitimate and sentence, written apparently in all so-
"Not all the farmers in this
favored,these classes. What has been this country's liberty, shall assert their demoralizing practices.shall cease. :
M the primary cause that brought this rights and obtain justice, or degener. Will the present Congress give heedto valley annoy the" hunters by posting
about? These classes,have not organized ate into the condition of tenants 'and this reasonable demand? And give trespass notices. How very
for the sole purpose of oppressingthe serfs. The conditions of labor in all the relief that will come to the prom- and considerate. How .thoughtful; of; '
agricultural classes, but for the other industries have undergone mar- ised crops of 1891 by ,honest and legitimate the tender feelings of the city sportsmen '

purpose of bettering their own condi- velous development and changes in trading? Or will they post- who annually invade the "rooraldeestricts" '

tion. They have obeyed the injunction the past hundred years. The farmer pone so just a measure of relief to the,! during the hunting season.
hard hearted sordid and selfish
"Ask and ye shall receive" works under the same stern condi detriment of all classes of our peoplein ,
They, have gone in well organized tions, perishing in the midst of bound- the interest alone of an insignificantand those other farmer are who "annoy"the. .
bodies before the lawmakingpower less prosperity, for others. He has undeserving few?-American Ag hunters by posting trespass notices .
is '
the good.
of our country and demanded such determined to effect a change in these riculturist. "Annoy .
the farmer does not realize
legislation as would subserve their in- conditions,. and readjust himself on a
terests. The l lawmakers of our land living.basis to the new civilization.. Woman, a Human Being. what a grievous annoyance it is to the
hunter from the city to arrive'with
-- mighty
have not to these corporationsand This movement means the educationof A reporter once asked an old farmeiin :
asked, "What do you want? I the masses as masses-of the farmer.It the West what he thought about the< his dogs and his friends at
What,laws do you wish enacted?" On means the assertion of the manhood question "Is marriage failure?" He chosen hunting grounds and find them is

the contrary,. these classes have or- of.the yeomen of the nation. 'This is replied: "What, marriage? Well, let's posted with trespass notices. It is.
too late now to help it. The season
ganized, counseled among themselvesand real education. The accent of our see. There's Lucindy gits up in the
determined what they wanted, education has hitherto been to get on, mornin', kindles the fire, milks six over, and the sportsmen have returned
and then have gone into the halls of "to'rise." We have been taught to cows, starts four children off to school, to their homes, and are now studying;
our; legislatures in well-organized climb out of the humble sphere in tends to three others, skims twenty what amendments to the game' laws.
"lobbies" and there demanded such which we were born into some so pans o' milk, feeds the hens, likewise they: shall have the legislature make so'as

legislation as they desired. Have called higher sphere. The smith the: hogs, looks after some motherless to-give them a better chance next'-. ;

farmers, been organized all these years learns, to despise his anvil l, and the sheep, gits breakfast, washes up the season..& .
------ .I*--
and demanding just and equitablelaws clodhopper to look with contempt upon dishes, gits, dinner, et ceterawhyman .Considerable clamor is now being.
? No answer is needed to that the plow., They rise to "higher" do you think I could hire anybody made against National bank notes.

question. Who, then, ,are really to things. They become lawyers, and to ,do all that for what she gitsi? But by the time their opponents are in _
blame for these things? The farmingand doctors, and preachers, and bankers: Not much I It's a great success, sir i'1 possession of power to legislate against: .
laboring classes themselves to a railroad men and politicians. We Ah! these patient, sad-faced, weary them there be few of them '
may very
great extent. They have shamefully now have fully 8,000,000 men in this millions, of women 1 The pathosof to legislate against. National bank

slept upon their rights. They have, country educted to be President of! their lives 1 They have entered notes are based on government: bonds.
until 'quite recently, been entirely unorganized the United States. We only 'need this organization with cheeks flushed The approaching extinction of the
and content to let the world about a dozen Presidents in a hundred with hope, many, of them for the bones means the retirement of National
awful of mate. first time in life I May God lead and
wag on as, it would.Answer years-an waste raw bank note circulation. But the
-*-. bless them!
rial.The Rational banks are anticipating
Who Can farmers are learning and teach- I time by voluntarily selling their bonds
If farmers create the largest portionof ing it to their children, in this organization Edward Bellamy, the noted exponent and retiring their National bank note.
the world's wealth and are admittedto that the work of the farm is as of nationalism, sees in the farm- circulation. They are selling their

be the bone and sinew of a nation's sacred, as noble, as honorable as that trs' political movement the first firm bonds now because they command a

power, why is .it that laws are made to of any sphere in life. Women, too, steps toward the remodeling and nationalization -- high premium. If they keep on at
t admitted the Order. Well they of our entire industrial
discriminate against them? are to the present rate bank notes will disappear -
c The mechanic and farmer' pay directly may. There are more farmers' wivesin system on the basis of equality and long before the bonds mature.

nine-tenths of the taxes ol this the insane asylum of America than I fraternity. He says: from $341,000,000 in 1873, bank

...nation ; but not a mother's son ,of any "other class.-REV. THOMAS "Primarily the movement is for the note circulation will soon be'reduced ,. ..
them can borrow one dollar;'from our DIXON. relief of the farmers from specific to about $tz5,0ooooo.-Farm and ;
government to assist them in their e grievances believed to be? remedied by Fireside.
btisraess, and yet,the use of millions is Gambling in Crops. special legislation. To this extent :its

given to the ,speculative class on the A, fruitful source of the ills com of course, a class movement, interesting HORTICULTURAL__' .
flimsy pretease of safe-keepingvwhile, plained of comes from the modern and important as such to a high ;
t'arlw: :
other.millions are loaned to the Tame methods and'practices of our boardsof degree, indeed, but characterized\ by SUPPLIES. II KVCST All HCTcer

class for ,speculative purposes, at a trade, so called; as a rule they the narrowness inseparable from any ''HORTICULTURAL,TOOLS aad.<*tar...ppHT -
Oar SpeW C;rcidar should be denominated "licensed class movement, however justifiable. -,... I 1Ia...
; cost of ODe per cent. Sea4 aJ o << Mo.mpiete
If a Umted States bond.is good se- gamblers in the products of the soil." It[ is, howeverIespecially: in its i western 1 cW PotJl tUlHD y&",n.CATALOGJOHNSON......, ,&.It.lle"OtIC

curity for money used in the banking Legitimate trading is the selling of centers, far' more than a class movement *; STOKES
business, why is it not,equally as good that which one owns, not that which It attacks the existing indus .If'" .1......16. P "eIt"I.,tom



t a- r Leaf.Spot.It notice that
Strawberry: Intelligent Headers NURSERY lJA.N.The : .
has recently been placed beyondall
iscellany. Introducer the great and good
doubts that the continuaul injury Parker fr.arle ltrasrberr i

Virginia to the foliage of the strawberry by the Toll's Pills BrilliantC'umpbell G 'p E S
Two Old Recipes
work of a fungus, which spots the Herman Jaeger .

.:. FORCEMEAT BALL.-One pound of leaves, is what proves the contInual Ilnninaal Will mall bit valuable! catalogue of tried

veal or: mutton, cooked; chop it very degeneracy of > varieties. The hundreds an Bot"warranted" to cure" all elus" Southern fruits free. Addr!.,
'';fine, with one-half pound of beef suet. of varieties of strawberriesthat .f dlaeaaes, but only such mm r aall' T. V.M DN5ON, Denlsoo,Texas
new disordered liver,vlxt Pleas mention this paper. UUt -(
from a
Add to this a: tablespoonful l each of have been introduced during the

.. thyme, sweet marjoram, parsley and past quarter of a century have not Vertigo, Headache, Dyspepsia,,

,onion, also finely chopped; a pinch given us in any respect better kinds Fevers, Costiveness, Bilious t to Melon Growers

A : each of mace, cloves, and grated nut- than we then had, but they take the Colic, Flatulence, etc. Important

meg. Then add the beaten yolks .place of kindsthat degenerate. When For these they are not warranted*<<,...
of two and half a teacupful o f the I fUU>le but are a.neArI7aoasUlspO.
eggs half the leaf blades are destroyed by U le0b mako a remedy. Price,2OetiiOLD PLANT ONLY PURE SEED.
grated bread crumbs. Season to taste spot, the plant has only half the leaf surface $ EYEKYWHEBE.COMMERCIAL ,
with salt and and fry i in hot .- i Melon Growers with
pepper, it should have, and suffers propor f I can supply

drippings. tionately. New seedings are usually pure ,Stock Watermelon! Seed cf all

.MEAT ELLIED.-One large shank of several years before they get the spot. COLLEGE OF KENTUCKY UNIVERSITY. standard varieties my own growth, at
,YT.tlgbett :
'... beef; one set of pig's feet, well scraped The Sharplcss is said to have resistedthe LEXINGTON Award as"erld'. ,..UI... lowest market prices. .

and soaked. Put them on to boil in attack longer than any one. The Beet.tHPUI,But.....8b.rt-1aad.TyJ>e'Wrtd.u4 To those purchasing seed of me, I
1000 Swt
.;separate vessels, using'very.little waterjust Boil methods of culture, necessary though "tuts.mt.. IS WILBI1.....1Ien. 10,000.. aKITs OrUMttf T.ltcrap'yta.&lL, p.g U BciliM' Lsla*. .Mtfi...*.Aim Kl'.. will fu.nish fu.l particulars as to planting -

enough to cover the meat. they be, lower vital power to resist fertilizing, cultivation, etc.

i until the meat slips from the bone; the spot. It is said that the strawberry i !F Address,

lift the meat from the pot, draining jt in its wild state ,is able to resist OUTFITSwrL W. )I. GIRARDEAU,

,. well; lay it on dishes to,cool, (and set the spot. THOMAS MEEHAN. t+..r.tp \ M-4i 1ol1"o.l1ol'la,
.!the veSsel'with liquor aside until next tae 1h.1d'.r riRrL.a.amuk.i no%, .i4.w leiil l
It is- better to take the'bones aprav too trres per a.s wrLUirceT ,
day. Liquid Extract of Smoke for Curing yl.ce ea tie market ibis...r.a
from the pig's feet whilst they ,are yet Meat. Yeaps.ek sew a.d proved for Tln.raH*leeUdinr and N.r-a eik.**wlSpnirr CONSUMPTION.
2 Next morning skim the Alto.o lmnr T*n* r nn r-ra.at low Mlre, ci-en.*
warm. grease Mr. Waldo ,F. Brown, the well 3m r PBRLFDIDFAReP.1"vr.N.Y
from the of the pig's feet which I Iran a od1i..rowdy\he&boftdite&M;
liquor known agricultural writer, wntes thus thouaadft MM of the wont kind and of lone
has now become a stiff jelly. Cut the and Farm TIM atudiDc Uft'" ew d. Indeed K>itron fc my faith
in Home : nuo.wttha
L meat of feet and shin into small bits, "I have used the Liquid Extract of i STAUNTON MILITARY ACADEMY fo:r in VALUABLX Ita ffleer,that TREATISE I will t.nd.TWO n this BO'rtLU di.eare to any mlIf

(not too fine, however,) leaving out all Smoke, for six years with great satin iddr young.*s,Staunten and Military boys. For Academy Iil'd catalogue, StauaV ( enr who will s 4,ne H.C.their, ,EzpnM 181: ,Pearl and P.O.St..dWM.N. Y.
of the latter.l IT. A. Bleeani
gristle and tough portions faction, and not less than twenty ol t.a; *

.j.Put it with the pig's foot jelly and melt my near neighbors are using. It .is

'all together. When it comes to a boil, made by distilling smoke.from hickoryand Accompany U a portrait of the late Prof. Ed
'add pepper, salt, one half of a teaspoonful is put up in quart bottles, a quart ( k ward: E. Phelps, M. D.,LL.D.of Dartmouth

', of ground cloves, the,same of being enough for 150,pounds of.meat College. He was a strong,able man,who stood

;.allspice; stir well and pour into a It is applied directly to the meat witha y high in the literary and scientific worlds. It is not

mould. It is a rich dish, cold and cut sponge or swab, or, if a large quantity sf},: generally known,but it isnevertheless,the truth

in slices for the teatable.You of meat is to be smoked it can be that Prof. Phelps was the discoverer of what is

e. ; can vary by dividing, after ithas dipped. A second application should f. ,.w known tothe. Medical profession and Chemists

come to the boiling point; pouring :'" universally as Paine's, Celery Compound,unquestionably
be made in a week, and at beginning ; ,,,.:,....,
half. : into_ a mould\ ,as above,.and! ,to the of warm weather,when the meatis one of the most valuable discoveries

half remaining adding seasoning as to be put away for summer;. it is y. '' ; of this century. This remarkable compound is i
you would, for hog's! -head cheese; a' not a nervine, an essence, a sarsaparilla, or any
well to make a light application ..
namely: one-half a teaspoonful each "Meat smoked with the liquid hasa e devised article, but a discovery,and it marks a.

of powdered sage,(nd thyme, a little genuine smoke flavor, and remains distinct step in medical practice and the trept
cloves and half tumblerful of ment of nervous complicationsand the greatestof
more a is troubled
moist and soft and not
all modem diseases-Paresis. It has been
this has also
strong vinegarVhen with insects. I have kept it throughthe freely admitted by the best medical talent in the
become moulded cut in slices, dip in
{ an
i entire summer, hanging by land,and also by the leading chemists and scien-
fa batter''made of one egg; ,one teacup: and entirelyFree W
window unprotected exhaust-
; open tists,that for nervous troubles, nervous
iful. oi flour, saltspoonful of salt, and from insects. The danger of loss The Late PROF. PHELPS,'ion, insomnia, debility senility and even the

milk enough to give it proper consistency by fire and thieves is greatly.reduced, dreaded and terrible Paresis, nothing has ever been discovered which reaches the disorder

; fry in boiling lard l and serve is the meat can be hung in an upper and restores health equal to this discovery of Prof. Phelps.
for breakfast. where it can be kept
room or garret,
The liquor from the beef, which is safely, while smoke-houses must be, DON'PP' FOOLED, bV eouaUthe da/m/ Dial j Jar tcAhavf FAMILY"" AND FANCY Diamond YES.'T

f not used in this recipe, is excellent for on account of the danger of fire, detached

soup stock.-Good ffousekeepiug. and of easy access to thieves." .

-Sumterville Times: Some weeks

ago we made mention of Capt. \V. J. AshesRank

Shone having shipped forty'boxes of Fir DISORDERED. LIVER Hardwood

from two trees and he informsus
oranges this week that,he received,net pro. Try lEECNM'S PILLS. at the had of the list for quality

''ceeds.from them amounting toloo.55- 25cts. a Box. And Take the Lead Everywhere.

Yet some folks argue that our pine Or a-r.Y'. nB.VGGX8r8.CHOICE They are obtained from mills manufacturing car and wagon timber,and where no other
lands will not produce oranges. fuel Is used than the best of hard woods. No other brand Is obtained from sources that Insure -
A Dollar Invested In Diamond"D" Hardwood Ashes will buy
so uniform a quality.
According to an ,exchange, Hinck; POULTRYAND more aetualphint food than In any other fertilizer ON the market.

ley, Emerson & Tyler are grubbing I ACTUAL RESULTSThat

the land preparatory erecting their : are the outgrowth of xperl.nce are more convincing than mere theory based upon
The COLLIE BOCML hence the who has proven to his own satisfaction -
cigar factory at Punta Gorda. chemical analysis or a printed formula, grower
hardwood ashes will make a thrifty and productive grove or
hands. nnleached
will that
employ over 100 pure
factory White, Silver and Golden Wyandottes; the lightest soli,and that,too,for less money than by any ther means,will testify
firm has orders ahead for over a
This Bocks Light will at once recognize In them the Mstrongtst"ashtshe
White and Barred Plymouth ; to the merits of this brand,for he
quarter of a million cigars. All of! W.C. terms and other particulars,address,
Brahma; White, Silver, Golden and ever used.. For prices,
Punta Gorda's cigar factories are doing. BlackcHambnrgs C. E. DEPUY,
Silver and ;
B. Polish;
well. SiMk1trt.ce, Wlohlpa.
e Brown and White Leghorns;Houdans; B.B.
! CATARRH CURED.A Red and Pit Games. Also,Geese,Ducks Bantams

clergyman,after yean'of'Buffering from and Guln..tn rarlety. CURRANT i
that loathsome dKease Catarrh and vainly
trying every known remedy,at last found a I have the agency for the Monitor Incubator FAY .GRAPESN

prescription caved him from whlcb death.completely Any.ufferertrom cured this and ,the beat and. cheapest In the market. HEADQUARTERS.

dreadful disease sending a self-addressed Address, C. O.'PAINE, BEST: &CHEAPEST
.stamped envelope to Prof.J. A. LawrencelWarreD 88 Federal Point,Fla. atber. Jrels..
.tl'eett.New York, will receive the EW G"Ies ZOaaww8.Jost'f
reelpe tree of,eaarge.

.. : ..




u__. _

Geological Survey of Florida. A Farmer's Opinion.Mr. BARTER COLUMN. Macartney' roses make beautiful,evergreen,

The financial of the stock-proof hedges. Plants and cuttings for
part phosphate J. C..Ledbetter, dropped in.:;on sale. M. ONEILL, Fairbank, Fla. 12-13-161 .
discoveries in Florida has become Definite exchange offer inserted frea. State wha
last and said in substance
us Saturday : Lady CanvassersWanUd-For J Jacksonville
known to the isles of the sea, and the I never saw such farmers as'we havein you hare and what you want. city and vicinity also one for every city and
Open to subscribers
'utmost of the earth.And this .. county in "Klorida for a ready selling article
parts Florida. It doesn't appear to me only used by ladle; good commission paid.
in turn has created an interest in the Address R. HKSSE, 101 West. Springfield
that they improve their'opportunities Small needling orange trees((2,00'') for oflVrsAlto Street,Boston Mass. 12-ll-7t
scientific world, until the United well At this ,lady's gold watch for baggy. P.O. Box
so as they might. seasonof 70. Bartcrr. Fa.: 1t."CENTAWORD" FOB SALE CnKAr: 600 acres or splendid
States government has at last con. the year when they should be plow- fanning:land within five miles of Jackson
ville. The finest tract of land in East Flor
eluded to investigate and see what
ing their ground and getting it ready; ida. Address Box 707,Jacksonville. Fla.
there is in it. COLUMN.To 11-13-*
for summer crop by turning the, trash

On Saturday last we had a.most en and and weeds under thereby Wanted to exchange-Pure"Golden Wyan-
grass ,
tertaining call from Prof. W. H. Dal insure Insertion In thl column adrertlse- dottes" for White Wyandott, Plymouth
giving it an opportunity to rot and Rocks or White Leghorns.' Address. Wx.c.
of the:United States Geological Sur. menu must be accompanied by the money. ANDBUSS, Archer; Fla. 11-6
make fertilizer,. they are doing practi. Advertisements must not exceed t tty words:
vey. The professor had been spend- cally nothing. Postage Stamp recelred' in payment. Specialty in Foreign Grape Vines Chaa-
selas Luttichau. best market and by
ing few at Charlotte Harbor Count every word including name and address. grape
a days
Instead of giving the trash, etc., weeks the earliest In Florida. Write forcatalogue.
and was on his to H. VON LUTTICHAIT.
way Tampa to chance under between U1ton'
a to rot ground Great bargains In very desirable real estate. FLA -

meet Prof. Eldridge, who has been 'crops they all!>w it to remain on the Lakeland Polk
,Fla. 1-22-51
appointed by the government to makea surface and dry up and all the fertilizing county The best kind for rlorida For sale at II OC
complete geological survey of Flor For sale, a first-class photographic outfit, '.. per bu',dred, by A. F. WOOD, Box 75.Jack
qualities that should be restored, to Mew Model Camera,size 4x5,and Eastman's sonville rla. 10-26-*

ida. Prof. Eldridge will have with the earth are allowed to escape; again roll-holder holding 24 exposures; ('oat..3;; PRAB TREES.-FOB LECONTE, GAB
will tell 'tor t20. I to
him : as want get a larger one.
.. an efficient corps of assistants, when they do turn.this dry stuff underin PERCY FULLKN, Drayton Island, Fla.. It RER'S HYBRID A"U) OTHERS. APPLY
TO B W PARTRIDGE, Monticello, Fla.
topographers, geologists, etc. Work the it is hard it makes .
spring to rot, Truck rowers-I have invented a machineto 1U26HLORIPA&ISPATCH -
will begin at an early day, and be the and when the distribute fertilizer between the rows of
porous growing plants. Works well, fast and *
pushed as rapidly as possible. drouth of April and May comes the independent of the wl .d. Any one lnterestedand

Can any one dream of the wonder : wanting particulars,address with stamp
earth dries out quickly and the young, for reply. A.TOWNSEND, Huntington, Fla.1 !) { 'fB'ROWEfl
ful which will be
developments broughtto
growing crop damaged. Wanted-A young man to work on dairy al
light from this survey? There is no This soil of ours needs all the vege farm and run milk wagon in South Florid t
doubt in our mind that there are hid- )tube capable and honest. A steady Job IARME&FBCHAS. k. :=
table humus it and the it "
can get more and sure pay. Address UW, care of FARMER
den treasures beneath the earth whichwe is plowed and harrowed and the harderit AND FBUIT-QBOWEB. l-22-4t

know not of, and which will cause is rolled with.a heavy horse rolle.rthe For sale 10 bore donble,barrel English
Florida to take foremost I breechloader;; .In perfect udltion. PYBUS CHAS. W. DACOSTA, Publisher.
a place better it will produce a crop, I be- I Frnltland Park, *la.. It
the wealthy countries of the
among lieve. Bee hive*.-If you are Interested in bees,
globe. And just to think that l less send your address for my Illustrated clrcu.ar Terms of Subscription
One more advantage to be gained in of bee supplies J. B. LAMONTAOUX.Winter

than a decade ago, life insurance com- plowing now is that it is cool and much Park, Fla. l-22-2t For one year...............................IS 00

panies even (modest as they are in comfortable for and beastto Wanted-Posoquerla Long!flora and Gar- For six months ..... ........ ...._ 100
o their struggle for business!) would not I' more man denia (;'Cltrlodora seeds or cuttings. Mr. Subscriptions in all cases cash in advance
work than at other seasons of the LEVER, Box 117, Waldo, Fla. It
come into this country of alligators, ,and no paper continued after the expiration *

and malaria year.-Belleview Blade. Will sell cheap or exchange.quantity of one of the time paid for.
tadpoles as they dreamed_ and t.wo-yearPccan: trees. They are the Rates of Advertising-application.REMITTANCE .
it to be! Marvelous the change! But i large thin shell, and.fine trees. U. L. PIKE-
Light Hearts and Plenty of Money. SON,Monttcello. 1-22-21 should be made by Check,
-and mark well the prophecy we Order Let
Postal Note,Money ,or Registered
In bulk in Coulter's
have not yet reached the beginning!! MR. EDITOR-I have just completedmy Patentyour Car.oranges Bend for circular to R. D. ter,to order of

The change in the next decade will be first week's work with my Plating COULTER,Orange City,Fla. it FLORIDA DISPATCH AND FARMER

more wonderful still!-Bartow, C. I. Machine and have $42 profit as a re For sale, four breeds oC pit games,viz : AND FRUIT GROWER,
charmed with the busi- Bbawlnecks Beifast Bed War Horse and
ward. I Jacksonville,Fla.
". am Orist Win die
Champions. or R B.
The State of Florida is attemptingto ness; the work is easy and profitslarge. BOLL,Bradford ville, Fla. trylnf.22-41,

collect a royalty on rock mined in I bought my plater from W. WHITE DIAMOND. l enh: [NEW SUBSCRIBERS ONLY.]

the navigable waters of the State, but H. Griffith & Co., Zanesville, Ohio, pointed sole agent of the Diamond White
for$3 and I feel confident if people Grape Company for Florida and Georgia
the courts have decided, that by the Write me for special terms for vineyard

doctrine of riparian rights, the,right of only knew how cheaply they would planting. Great inducements offered. BICPremium -
1-*2-n E. DUBOIS,Tallahassee, Fla.
Plater and how much .
property in the' beds of these waters get a money
they; could make with it we would see VINEYARD I*1H MUi or exchange
the either side. ,
belongs to owners on Bfor a bearing' orange
Whether this will be many happy homes, "where: penury grove my celebrated Andalusia' Vineyard,
on appeal sus- Offer!-
considered the best vineyard In the bonth, In
tained remains to be seen, but absolute now exists. It is surprising the order to give all my time and attention to the
amount of tableware and jewelry improvement and considerable enlargementof
ownership in the beds of navigable my Han Luis vineyard. K. D U BO Itt, .....
streams by any other than the State want plated, and, if persons now 1-22-St Tallahassee, Fla.

seems to present a condition absolutely Idle would send to the above address Wanted-All In need of fertilizer: to send for
inconsistent with the theory of f the and get a circular, and go to work, ALBERT sample: and FBIES analysis,Bt.Nicholas.of my special mixture.it THE

they would soon have light hearts and
ownership of real properly, viz., that For Sale-Four-year-old dates,60 cnts;two: ..
the owner of the land owns from it plenty of money. year-old Tangarine buds,on one to two-inch ,J, LOB X D A. '
up lock very fine,25 cents; Sweet Seville buds
to the heavens.If J. five feet high, well rooted and very stocky, .
i 20 cents. Otber varieties also for sale. cheap Farmer and Fruit-Grower
the State of Florida obtain Dispatch
can as ,
Lake Wattle Nursery, W.B. WAI.zERMnna
As there is abatement in the
able legal advisers as the State of South yet no ger,Aubnrndale Fla. ,.1-8-St

Carolina has generally been able to orange shipments'from this point, andit for Satsuma orange and Japan persimmon For one year and a copy ofbitner's
begins to \look as, if there will be rees.address FKAMCIS TBCKBLOOD,Archer,
secure to protect her phosphate interests Fla. M-4t
fruit in this than the
she will not lose the royalty more very Headquarters for two-year branched Le- Gardening in Florida
highest estimate made any time duringthe Conte,Kelsey,Blood, Chabot,YellowJapan,
which she does to be in .
seem Golden Beauty and tilmoul Plums on Marl
season. During the past from three ,to ten,feet
some danger of parting with under at> na. roots high.:
eighteen full car loads, besides seven :Mnrianna trees and cuttings. Pomegranates, ALL. FOB $:I.OO iWhitner's
present conditions.-Charleston World. Figs, (Umbrella< China and Pecans tree" Ad-
'Y. hundred boxes in less than car load dress,J. H.GIBARDEAU,Monticello. Fla. ,

lots were sent forward from here and l-l-4t -
We saw it stated in one of our Or- Cypress tanks and cisterns all sizes; also
Gee Hammock 6100 boxes in Florida is
making a
lando few 'that beat> and cheapest steam pump in the mar
exchanges a days ago for the week and nearly box of ket. Address,FLORIDA Box&BASKET 1""AC-
every and bound book of
handsomely printed .
Dr. Foster, of Lake Charm, sold his TORY,Center Hill, Fla. 12-25-61 ?
this sold the before
% of this for was by grower For sale or exchange Northern property being a comprehensive treatise
orange crop season $26,000, 250 pages,
leaving here. From the two Foster two orange groves of five acres each, andhouse
and that the purchasers will realize a and lot; or will exchange for orange on the vegetable and tropical products of
alone from six carloads
eight' .
groves grove; north of Orlando. J.E. Unova Port
profit of$8,000 on ,the same. are now being shipped per week. 'ampa Fla 12 25-8 1 Florida, by Prof J. N. Whitner, A. M.

' PSI The total shipmenst for the season have Beggar Weed seed,pure and free from chaff. This book is much sought after for Its
Quantity 4 to 6lb+. price
Florida is the natural home of the required per acre ;
now reached 42,6000 boxes.-Oviedo per pound 260, :10 pounds for 12. Add lu cents '
grape, and it can be grown here at a per pound extra, if order is hipped by mall. practical information. .' .
Clironicle. Place orders at once with EXCELSIOR BLED *
greater profit than any other portionof f. I PARK, Jno. A*' Germond, Manager Keuka, $2.00 buys the book and our. .:', .

the country. Niagara vines are Orange grove property, says the Fla. 126* X.;f .
paper for one year. ,/
Wanted-Sour orange seed. Write, gtvign ;,
b taking the lead, but other varieties do South Florida Sentinel, is proving itself price, to M. E. GlLLETTaouth Lake"Wf'lr' Send--c,:

well. The acreage is being rapidly the best and most remunerative ,in FI&. 12-15-* This is certainly a grand offer. ';?

added to, as the experimental period Florida and is more 'appreciated by WANTED.Tree*. Correspondence-Twenty thousand with parties Hart's who Tariff in orders at once. := v

r has been, passed and the grand fruitionof owners than ever before in the his- can furnish sphagnum moss In ear Iota: c. W. .DACOSTA, -, :
GILLETT Bnoa South Lake R elr Fla
.hope realized.-Orlando Rt ()rfer ory.of the State. '. ", 111.1241B9J.




._. .. ,--. .- t ,


Cheap t III ftabstitate for'glass.on'hot beds, KIAIE .

eo4d trainer' ,etc. Three: grades, Light,Me- make the original Virginia GROWN ON SOUTHERN SOIL.BY .
cHum,1190 vj.
Ventilated. Fruit Carriers for
For Florists l :Gardaners: ,* To; 9
Strawberries and Tomatoes. Ifyou PIANOS. A SOUTHERN GROWER. .-

bacco ,Growers, .etc. -
want fancy prices for your
Protect from frost, promote: hardy vigorous INTone
growth. Will not khrinfc or mildew. them"in' No. UNEQUALLED Come, brother farmers, hare you thought
Tomatoes. ship? a of b.
of the undi*put advantage 11n:Jour
Touch Workmanshlp i Durability Peed direct from the grower especially when
41 or a No. 42 Ventilated Carrier. toucan gel at cllmatrd Field) and Garden .
Baltimore,22 and 24 East Baltimore Street. Setd grown by a man of over 15 years' practical ,
Early Strawberries in aNo.. 34 New York, U8 Fifth Ave experience Below you will find prices ofa
Washington, 817 Mat ket Space.DEAFNESS. few specialties. Write for price list of

Crate Catalogues prices many other varieties.
For sale by leading dry goods bouses,seeds or 36
men, florists, etc. For. circulars and samples The >> t and
free application little Red Cob All Corn
apply, and samples on assess Corn
NATIONAL WATERPROOF FIBRE CO., for the South;has been grown and old bY us
27 South St.,New York,N. Y.' Southsidc Mfg. Co., ITS CAUSES AND CURE +8 a specially' fr m ny years, and has givtnuniversal
sati*dlon. Only nee my certiflc -
Agents. wanted. : Petersburg, Va. Scientifically treated by an aurint of worldwide .tr s from some of the best planter and be

Also waterproof,covers from 24 cents. ,.,per. t-l-8t reputation Deafness eradicated and convinced.
square foot., :** entirely cured,of frf>m:0to3)yenrs'fitand) ng. Price 5cts.per quart, by mail, poat t.ratd;
after ill other treatments have failed. How 50 ct*. per pork" ; |2.X( per bus ;5 bust and upwards -
: :.' '" the difficulty la reached and th cane; removed $1.50 per bus.
.RiGERS'GROUPOPSTATUARY' S f W '* fully explained in circular, with affidavlta -
,. Sojo3 and testimonials cures from prom. Pearl Com Very prolific. Makes the most
S3S!! ?';otf Dent poop!", mailed free bf uTiful meal and hominy,
: ....Sfcc: Dr. A.FONT.%IN E, 19 East 14th St., N. YPOULTRY and nnsurparstd for roast in,* ears.
5 f.2'hS Price same as Little Red Cob.
"Faust and Margnrite." 1i Ka;I Ilt "
+ 3 11 Don't fail to plant a
Field Corn
ANEWGROUP.l"RICBI12.. S5-;6oro5a saoUUUILS Early fled; of' early' corn.
r _ct.l Grain 'fA very high. Bl unt'n Prolific.Cham-
t t- J ion White Pearl) tnd GIdrn) Beauty three
'Faust sees Mar- : best Tarletir This sed is Northern grown,
iiiiill: and mature very early In our calm 18
;urite for the first ;,.a. J .25p TbnR ;75 cts r er peck; 40 cts. rer
g ...-tlCI ... 2 PR C quart,by mall,peat-paid .
C- )
time as she is walking ..'J1":?pRo U' ;
....! .. = FCTOR a.d .eve MIDDLEMEN'': Most hardy,eR-
l. 30"3-: tar nln-t from Jones' J Extra
: in'the'street and, Jt root V 90.00 LEATIIKH M TOP BUCOV Pte 1lest, most pi otUic ,
-" 8 tint 'Ira.Hickory Wheel*.Warranted,$45.50 Prolific and profitable
-&c 'accosts her saying: == i g fan, W goa, $35.60 1 Man open Baggy, SIB.50 Early, vaiielleebe Th f i
t -'*&Otrt 80 A mod$10 Buggy Harness
x! ?E;o. Herlon Cotton Seed
"J.I tatty, may I thus make free .. =kev ao .B. BUGGY AND CART CO., seed bas given
To oft"eryou: my arm and company" .. o-4.t cSoa Cincinnati, Ohio. wonderful ,Ra can be shown by c?rtlflcntes. -
; I can especially
She replies as she leaves him : ....!- I Price,$1.23 per bushel. ,
"=' >-
.*I am no lady am not laIr ;.Q FOOD I Seed direct ,
.q "'iij Peterkin.Stock
Can wi boot repair. improved originator.

An illustrated Catalogue of all the .= "s :o Single bushel,$1.00. "
.:!IIIICf "
groups now published will be mailedon ::)C CI ;4iJt Peerless Verr. very prolific, and asplendid
:I c'" : variety. Only a limited
receipt ,of:;10 ,cents., =izJ"!9.ow! nnpp'y' of se d. Per bus., $2.UO. (Stock seed.
The group will\ be delivered free of -; Cost considerable.)

expense at any railroad station on receipt ..:2cC3 9:.- < Trade Mark.

!!s ?o.a
Will Make Hens Lay!
,.. : JOHN,ROGERS, .!! Will Make Chickens Growl! -
14 West mirSt,New York. eJc Jc

-, .. ..., -" :;. t This food Is strictly fresh meat,careful;}' GEORGIA WATERMELON? SEED. A
'.O ? HAVENS; ; / ., :): e'5i!
; : ;. cooked,ground fine, seasoned and hermetically -
45' :,'. it": ILeading u sealed In 8-lb cans. Being ground fine,11
with soft food and fed Nowhere do melons grow to greater perfection
;PhotographerOf can be readily mixed than In our Immediate vicinity;
10 as to give each fowl an equal share. Price SeeJ fcved from large, well-shaped melons.

the State. Estimates on BEST OF THE Vets() per can; A per doz. Address HOLLY No coUs.Pur.e .

DRESSED MEAT A WOOL CO., 20 North Ai a shipping melon it
Y' XE.. W'r> \ CLASS. Boston, Mans. f Mention paper.I Kolb Gem. has no equal. Can In"ply
this In good quantities. 85 ct". per Ib.!4 lb.,
Tip to 18x22 given on application. 12.44nr Wet*.,post-raid;5 Ibs. and upwards. 00-) cts.
per lb. Kol-Gemfc5cts.) per lb., If by mall
add 10 eta. for postage.
Pnr" Hatt'e' Bnnke Scaly Bark,Sugar Loaf,
Jones'( Florida Favorite; Seminole 11.00 per
Ib.,If by mall add 10 cts.postage;X!lb.,33 cts.

FlyApatnphletof postpaid.UneVm .
t New :Orleans Market and
i. &,nn. Nixon. Best adapted to our
WINDMILLS, Southern climate. $1.00 ; .,35 cts.

.'Farce: PumpHw'dyCartt Pearl MllUtt, Amber Cane,
Ear Corn Slicers Forage Crop &c., 20 eta. per Jb.,or 30 eta.ly .

Send for book dTtDa. 'malt,post-paid.
information Information and b-
CO. street of the laws,showing How to Spanish Pea Nuts. sa cis' Per p"ki8); )
bushe .
Obtain Patents, Caveats,TradeMark per
Suxlwlok. III. ,, Copyrtahta, tent Co.mt.AMr.s lb., by mail pot-rnld.30cts., :; too
for 35?orLWU JftQfl t tj 361 MUNN Br.adwar, lhufas.Per: ; per pk.; $3.00 per be*he).

I rsiaiidl >I3iY0t1 New York.t0 Per pound,by roaUpo8l-pald,
and Miad
Mkaets Bo4y Beans
if fcrorsorZiCMMfiaffldsrlDD ofR.O.q 40 Ctl.,$1.00 per peck. .
.N1 ffcllf K t.!'&*. B 111iaMt! n* Al Standard .
OB iKSJI FARTS Of i I. Root.Cnllos
pt 01.1.1&1 ..rHtag Itola TRUTIUT--Be.elt. 1s a Mr.a.a mwsKCAUSC 3E pr us .-75 cts.per hundred -
testI j sr..$0 St.t..ad 1ar11ga cmtrla. trritl skit? ;to 00 per thousand.MATW .

s reai6RIEtMECICAAIn.Co., BUFFALO mjMft a)!Y Most even and regular In
TNEV ARC N. 4tY raimei 1 t O, growth,and earliest variety

THE.BE5T. known. U00p rhucdred.

HAWTKEYEGRUB D. M. Fnay&Co.s Don't fall to write for pricelist.If .
Kustrated, Descriptive and yon remit hy money order,take order on

vAC Nk INE. SEED ANNUAL] Mlllen,Georgia.

t'For 1891:will be mined FREE PHILLIP' S. JOKES, Seed Grower,
I aD applicants,and to last season'scustomers. I A4
w Ivies
k ,_, Works on It b better than ever a
u c;" Herndon ..Ga.'SALESMEN
I either STANDING Erery person using'Gardtx, .
TIMBER* F/ln< L STUMPS.SYldInnr1 should send for it. AddressD.
an or- M. FERRY A.CO.
Largest Seedsaeaia the world j .
I I lnr; eatll to. Lx.
$Y+ *w torrsponsloUmen.
SWEEP .Others ned not an.wf'I'.W-rnsr afctarjtbe
..a''" ua4 a..epenee M for VnneysnU.and
KvSsAsSSffiiff KnftiMiMk lepraver
Maura new
dk. ,Wash a A4 M
) HWa.X..,. .. 'lSn a.1ta HTSTHOMA8P.8IMPSON fe<, Perfection' that tlra h..r.tbellqnld Wrl4 antomatiealiyaalrlU for .rmt at sac.iaelameneyJULDTOZCZTlfllrO0.L061U03T.A.7...
aM at y"- -' ''IIra.lOO'"''p.r
..tai 1.rd / X. ,! until Patent obtained. Write for Inoentor1!.I zoo % ;1

,, 'AMUMI' NB&SON,1/TIN ....1 IIWAr, WalcH. '. .

... .. .. .
...,........t.----__. .' J -- -L "'





Co &: L. 0 Latest Designs, in Parlor and Bedroom Suites in Antique Oak
sAos deny e ..t:' "7' Mahogany, Cherry, Walnut and Imitation, Hall Stands,
8ollcltel 'J-8 Bed iLounges. 'Willow, Reed and Rattan
Goods, Desks of all Kinds and
40 AND Styles.


Carpets; Mattings, Curtains, Window Shades, Hanging Lamps, China and
Crockery Sets, Tin Toilet 'Sets' Mirrors, Curtain Poles and Brackets. (..

:, Hotels Boarding Houses, Shies, Steamers, Offices and Private Residences Furnished from Top to Bottom. ,
-When writing,please mention this paper.

.. .:.t._ '.:,

;., ...ry THE. FRANKLIN SYSTEM _, .
,I. "
.. .:?'

r It !:.!

N Simple and reliable. Gives greatest quantity of

, waterier)least. expense. ',
.i fc. '
*;:','. .' .' .. JAMES. FRANKLIN,
>r r1 ::
r ; 1," -' Hydraulic Engineer,
Agt. for Hall Steam Pumps, Root's Spiral Riveted Pipe and Fisher Governor.


Jacksonville Florida.

:i.:,Dealers) in and Manufacturers of High Grade Fertilizers.

r. ,, Orange Tree and Truck Fertilizers. Cotton and Corn Fertilizers. ,

All Grade of Fertilizer Materials on Hand at; JLowewt Market Irice

We: manufacture all our own Roods South Jacksonville. Our fertilizers'are made from the best materials.

4 f WQ have rece tly purchased the factory and good will of the South Florida Fertilizer Co., at Orlando, Fla.

J. ALEX. LITTLE, Secretary and Treasurer,

tadley's Vegetable Fertilizer. :! Braille ey's,Orange Tree Fertilizer. GLEN ST. MARY NURSERIES,

3:.; Fish and Potash, "Bone and Potash G. L. TABER, Proprietor, Glen St. Mary, Fla. .

: "Pure Fine Ground Bone .250,000 Trees, 200 Varieties. All home grown. It will pay you to
.,. u D& GrondBone: write to us before purchasing elsewhere. Send for catalogue and price list.
( .1.. Sulphate of Potash. Special prices on l large lots.

:" tobacco: Fertilizer, Sea Fowl Guano Patent Superphosphate of PEARS FOR PROFIT_ IN THE SOUTH. eeeoooNIAGARA3BUD
Lime. Muriate of Potash Nitrate of Soda, Kainit, &c. 3....... .N'U'aery C.'t T.atarviii. CUTTINGS
.. G..r"l

I : BRADLEY FERTILIZER 00. i>mratedf TbMe catting are rOBSAXJB.all from bearisf TIDea.
AU order most be In by December 1,1860.
92.SO per 1000. Orden of 10,060 and upward
:: :E3cST<); TI/T. .A..SI. 7 u... &aDdar4cf ..96 per cent discount.L8Ute .
: .y SCALES agents fair the sale of NIAGARA
:.Branch OfficeA.TJGTJST.A;..GKA.. &..daDrW..Yr......pri4 and GRKXN MOUXTAIK crape Tinea
i ., ,"W. J. POLLARD, tal Manager OSCAR"E l SOLAN, Fla. S&l nn. ,I TON_ $3 5. al:: HAYNB8,YOUNG A: BAILEY, ,
Pioneers of Culture In South Florida
,,'.'". ,.'$-.COTpespondence 'Solicited: ?., -:..Y...'4.. isfiMi T HPSIII.tea,..Y. .JX4M Grape Orktad,-!!*,

t .

I # .

. '

: ...JANUARY: :.22,.18911 T _; r __" THE FLORIDA':;DISPATCH, FARMER AND .FRUIT-.GRO.'YER. .... i9': r

} The' 'Clydfe Steamship' ; Co. SAVANNAH: LINE' ; :'":1".

Time 53 to 55 hours between Savannah, New York and Phila-

delphia, and between Boston and Savannah 65 to 70 hours. I"

'. .

.' -:. .
: Ocean Steamship Company.

'- .
:< : :

y. ;,,( .. .. ...,. (Central or 90 Meridian Time)

Passage Rates : .
,:f t ..
Between Jacksonville and New York: 1st class, J26.60;Intermediate,119.00;BxcnnlonrH&.
Steerage,*li 0.

;,.\, ',' .. Jacksonville and Boston: Cabin 127.00: Intermediate,121.00; Excurelon.W7.SQ; 8teeragefll25
.,' THE Magnificent Steamships or this Company are appointed to sail as follows: .
[Central or 90o Meridian Time.]
New York Charleston and Florida Lines. CITY OF AUGUSTA Capt. Catharine ..u............. .........Friday, Jan. 3- 10.00 a m
TALLAHASSEE Capt. Fisher. .____._-_.............Saturday, M 311.01 a m
KANSAS CITY Capt.. .. .._.. ...Monday 5- 1.00 p m
CHATTAHOOCHEE.Cappt.pDaggett...... ..................Wednesday, 7- 3.00 p m
The magnificent Steamships of this Line are appointedto NACOOCHEE. Capt. Smith .. ........................... ........Friday 9- 400am300pm
CITY OF BIRMINGHAM! ,Capt.Bnnr..... ....... ..............Saturday, 10-
sail as follows : CITY OF AUGUSTA ta Catharine ......... ...........:......Monday .. 137.00 p m
(STANDARD TIME.) TALLABASSEE.t.Capt. Fisher.. ...........................Wednesday, .* 14- 9.00p m
From New York, From Jacksonville ,KANSAS CITYCapt.; Kempton .......... ............ ............Friday, 1610.00 a m
4t NACOOCHEE, Cfcpt, Smith. .._..._ .........._._ Monday 191.00p m
Dec. 26th, at 8 P. x.-.CHF.H.OKEE"; ..Thursday Jan. 1st. at8:00: A.M.onday CITY OF BIRMINGHAM Capt. Burg_.......... ..........Wednesday, 21- 3.00pm
r Dec. 29th at8p.x..SEMINOLE"... Sunday Jan. 4th, at 10A.H. CITY OF AUGUSTA, Capt. Catharine ................;:: ...........Friday., 29- 6.00 a m
Wed eeaay.DeC. 311t at,8 P. H. ."IROQUOI8" Tuesday Jan. 6th, at 12 Noon. TALLAHASBEEj.Capt.Ftsher .............t. .... ...... ...._.Saturday .. 21- 5.30pm
Friday: Jan.2d, at 8 P. ALGONQUIN" Thu day, Jan. 8th at 1:30P.M. KANSASCITY.Capt.Kempton .... _.._. :28 Z 7.00
MO day. Jan. 6th, at 3 P."YEMA88EE" Sunday, Jan. 11th, at 4:00A.M.: CHATTAHOOCHEE. Capt.Daggett-...........................Wed a day'I 28- 8.0. p pin m
Wednesday Jan- ltd, at 8 P."CHEROKEE".. Tuesday, Jan. ]13th at 6:00A.M.Jen. NACOOCHEE,Capt. Smith........_._.... .........................Frld y, 3V- gooam
). Friday. Jan... 9th at 3 P.M."SEMINOLE". Thursday, 15th, at at 11:00 8:00 A. v.. CITY OF BIRMINGHAM,Capt.Burg........... ................ Saturday, 81- 9.80am
MOB .Jan. 14th, atS p. M. .*"ALGONQUIN'ay, an. 20th, at Noon. FOR BOSTON. _
Friday.. Jan. 16th, at 8 p.M. .."YEMA88EE".. Thursday, Jan. 22d, at lSOr. M GATE CITY, Cant.Doane........... ...... ...... .......... .......Friday Jan. 2- 10.00am
Monday. Jan. 19th at 3 p. x..."CHEROKEE".. Sunday. Jan. 25th, ,at 4:00A.M. CITY OF SAVANNAH] Capt.Googlns ......... .............. ..Monday, '. 6- 01.30pm
' Wednesday,Jan 21st, at 3 P.x. .."BEMINGLE"..Tuesday Jan. 27th, at 6OA. )f. CITY OF MACON, Capt. Lewis....._ ........___.................Saturday .. 10b 00 p m
Friday Jan. 28d.at3P.x..IROQU"IS".Thursday.. Jan. 29th at 7 A.M. GATE CITY,Capt. Doane.. ..._. ._ ..._.... .... .......Wednesday, 14- &30pm
Jan. 26th, at 8 1'.- c. .. .ALGONar IN" Sunday, Feb. lit, 'at 9:00A H CITY OF SAVANNAH, Capt. Googlns....................?_.... ..Sunday, 181180a m
Monday )",Jan. 381 h, at 3 P.M. ..."YEMA8SEK".. Tuesday Feb. 3d, at 11:00 A.K. CITY OF MACON Capt.Lewis............. ..._ ................Thursday, 49- 3.30pm
Friday; Jan. 39th at 3 P.M. "CHEROKEE Thursday, Feb. 5th, at 12 Noon. GATE CITY, Cap D ane..._-.._..._............ ... ...... __.Monday 26- 30p m
'New. CITY OF SAVANNAH, Capt. Googlns...... ...... _...... .. .....Friday 319.60 a m

Johns River Line. (This Ship does NOT Carry Passengers.)

.: St. DESSOUG,Capt.Asking .............-_.. ........._...... ..?.Monday.\ Jan. 5- 1230pm
DEBSOUG,Capt.Asklns........._ ..... ......... .............Thursday, 15- 630pm
DESSOUG, Capt.Asking..... ......___ ..........._ ..........Sunday, 2&fi. Opra
For;Sanford, Enterprise, and. Intermediate Points on the St. THESE PALACE STEAMERS,

'; ,Johns River._ '; Connecting with the Savannah. Florida and'Western Railway (Waycross Short Line):offer .
-+ to the Traveling Public and Shippers advantages equalled by no other line.
The Elegant Iron Side-Wheel Steamers 1, Through Tickets and Bills of Lading Issued to principal points North,East and Northwestvia
Savannah. For Information and rooms apply to ,
-, dIT.OF. TACKSON'V-I.LL'E: : -. : J. P. BECKWITH, General Agent, H. R. CHRISTIAN Soliciting Agent, -
71 West Bay Street,Jacksonville. 71 West Bay Stree"JackaonTJHe.
W. A. .
,Oapt. .
R. L.WALKER Agent, C. G. ANDERSON, Agent.
PREI: c :I EBA1 'Y, New Pier No.85 North River New York. City; Exchange Building Savannah Ga.
R & BARNARD. Agents LewIs' Wharf Boston.
.., 'Oapt T. W. LUND, Jr. W. L. JAMES Agent,13 S.Third Street, Philadelphia.
',, J. D. HA8HAGEN, Eastern Agent. Sav.. Fla.A Western By. Co.,261 Broadway,N;Y.
Are appointed to sail from Jacksonville,dally except Saturday at 3:3O.: m.,and from W. E.
G. M. SORREL,Gen.Manager. ARNOLD,Gen.Trav. Agt.,Jacksonville,Fla.
Sanford,dally except Sunday,at 9 a. m. For Tickets apply to S., F.&;W. Railway oMce. : .
Read Down. Read Up.
Leave 8:30P. x ............. ..... .... ....Jacksonville .....................Arrive 11:45'P.. M. WIT T .1: A ivr: = '
.. 8.f..op.. M...:........ ..:.......:.......Pal-tka ........... ...............Leave 7:00 p. M. JSL. i DPL e
.4 1:90A.M.....*.... .....:.......;..;_:.ARtnr............................ 2:00 p M. WHOLESALE .
u 2:46 A. M.. St. Francis ..:..................... 12:45 p. M.
5:00A.M..............................Beresford .........................: 11:45 A. M.
44 630A.M....................... BIDe Springs .................... .. 11OOA.M. Grain Garden Seeds and Fertilizers
Arrive 8:00A.M..e..t.......... ..Sanford.. .................. II 9OOA.M. :
1, .1 '9:15: A. M, ................., ..... .Enterprtee ; ......... ..... II 9:30. M.
Also Steamer EVERGLADE(freight only) from Jacksonville Astor Mondays,Wednesdays SO \'EST BAY STREET, JACKSONVILLE, FLA.
and Fridays at 6 P. M. Returning: ,.' leave Astor Tuesdays, Thursdays and- Saturdays
General Passenger and Ticket Office, 88 West Bay Street.F .
Corn Oats Flour BranWheat Grits Meal
),I. IRONMONGER'J%, Fla. Pass.Agent,88 West Bay St.,Jacksonville, Fla Hay, ,

W. F. OO FH FAY Traveling P issenger Agent,88 West Bay St.,Jacksonville, Fla.
J. O. FELOT Frt. Agt.,on wharf,foot IJogan St.,Jacksonville Fla. Bright
.. .
JBHIX L. He W ABB, Fla. Frt. Agent, foot LauraRU,Jacksonville, Fla.

MARSHAL B. CLTBC, Assu Traffic Manager,5 Bowling Green, New York. J. E. Tygert A Co.'s

THBO. O. EOKH,Tnifllc Manager 6 Bowling Green N.Y. NITRATE SODA,

WM. P. CLYDE .& CO., Gen'l Agents, Star Brand Fertilizers MURIATE OF POTASH,

If South "Wkarre,,Philadelphia. A Bowling GreeD, K. I.'Williams GUARANTEED ANALYSIS. ...
ComprisingOrange ..
Vegetablea ,
Two and

1! & Clark Fertilizer Co. FERTILIZER. KAINIT, Era

These FertUixera have no superior in the market and a trial will convince._]_


Branch Office, No. 729 ,Reynolds St., Augusta, Ga .
with practical"hints to beg!!!_ers U worth sending for Ucont.a1navaluable Information to
C. D. DUNCAN Florida Salesman. alL, with T list of all the choicest varieties of the citrus famly Pown. PeMhe
Pears Plums, Apricots, Persimmons, Grapes and other 'frnli t adapted to Uleel1mat.e
01 Florida. Our stock !ta g1"9'Wn on h1rh pine land,and ta one of the ftneR and laar-
Orange Tree Fertilizer N' ', the state. IT 115 GROWN TO SELL. IF ANY ONE CAN SUIT YOU,WE CAN.
Americus Just end your name fer OB.,
Every->a" bo ld t.VA our catalogue. Free on. application.
R. S'. P'I'P': ('.. ln.ii.n aDV.ts. f,.tkr "',.un'".
-, Americus Orano-e Tree, No. 2, .

'. 7i: .:.". Americus Ammoniated Bone Superphosphate, ORANGES LEMONS, '.

Americus Pure Bone Meal.. Americus_ Bone and Potash, POMEGRANATES FIGS ., YAbRIo IIIIIIIIRIIIS, BANANAS PINEAPPLES, !

Fertilizer PARS
Americus Strawberry

Americus-Sulphate of Potash,. P2A&B, Lane 8beek I 0ei TariM I Tnt Nom I ILI..ral ANONAS. .
{., Florida Vegetable Fertilizer. LOQUATS ORIENTAL,. OLIVES, ..eall..1W. ROSES, NEKI1JHiOALADIUMS, .

1 I U Iris; 0. F. .'Mandarin, Fte-jDr.. ,K.Diehl, Bellrrfow,J'JlloI M.E.Q vtltls.
WI eB. P1&.; WinG KkaB eIa, )k.Addeees :; NUT TKJUM, -XrO.LXKES. a.r..r, HIH.b.-rt: tli Ce+srtr. FI.rMit.Esead BAMBOOS ETC..;,.JI'JI Ii'";
.. e oeto R. LEIS 4Ic JLA.J[ FEATILlZE1R 06b.:,
: PALMS! :
aL q for e.aaJepe.:
(: s.I
I fJ.'" -;, ';. .' .''' -' ;- (','



x .

: -. ... .'

I { ..., iJ0


__n_ _

.fj <- -FTILIZERS.FERTILIZERS1_: : :-.. "

,t ? ,. .. .. ,, .
y' ,: ,, c s' t" .c ; -J J11doLnd
., .
p. :: ,
<; Bone Dark and Bright Cotton Seed ,Meal,

./?'; : 'wr DPure ,Fine Ground Bone, ..' Linseed. Meal, .

',%.' ,4-a' :5.; <;'-A nimal Bone and PotaSh; :'-, Tobacco Stems .

: :, :; ,, Blood,. Bone and Potash, Canada Hardwood Ashes, ;; .

'_ Chicano Bone Meal Sulphate of Pot sh"-& f
:. _____-_ _- .

...=-'.OrJLiage: Tree IF'oocSL, :J3earl.n.g: ; Trees. ;.' :

"a j '; 'Orange;: : Tree Food, "' rcx-un.g: Trees.. _'

-V-ege1ia-bJ.e': an.c1. :Potato Grower.EO. -.

.' IE. WILSON, Gen'l Ap-t., 32 w. Bav St., Jacksonville Fla.

; 'N'UES.ERIES. *'
.' ,, -OF THE- .

Milwaukee-Florida ,Orange Company. Manufactured by the- ,o .

r CHOICEST Strains of Distinctive Varieties of Citrus Fruit Trees a specialty. Our stock '.. B. Darling Fertilizer Company, PawtHcket, R. I i .

r", comp &te., Prompt attention to correspondence.: For catalogue and price II. Southern Offices and Warehouse JACKSONVILLE FLA.
...: add Fertilizers have given Universal Satisfaction the past season. Send t .r Catalogue,
r''4.,:;:\.,' 'i. giving price,and testimonials from some of the leading growers

..;F -o'S ORANGE; 'f '" 1891 Home Grown,Honest,Reliable. I

rt I offer you my Vegetable and Flower Seed Catalogue for
't ', ." : % 1891 FREE. Note the immense of seed if contains
,.. .. 2i';.... :y ',1",'". ... .J. i ,and that all the best novelties are there; Not
', ..,
,, "
:t "' \" <,.... -" ". much mere show, bout it(you don't plant pictures)
:. :4C. : :. $ but fine engravings from photographs of scores of the
.+ ,_.... ,. : ; I choice vegetables I have introduced. Would it not'I'1O
.:'a'V -- .A.' 'l be well to get the seed of these from first hands? To be the '
oldest firm in the United States making mail and express
A Complete; Manure.ForOiiige"Trees ; r. business a specialty? proves reliability. Honest and honorable -
*- dealing is the only foundation this can rest on. My Catalogue
is FREE as usuaL A matter on second page of cover will '"
1891 interest my customers. J.J.H GftEWftT & SW Hartohead Hist.

Young and Old, Fruit Trees, anfSmall Fruits JOIN THE

; Producing; ,. a Healthy, Vigorous: Growth and Bright, Firm. Fruit :a3oMm: : ZN'-V-ES-r1\lEl1'T-r
,1 "
That Holds'on Until it is Picked.

.. : FEED THE PLANT, AND. ..Jr .. Building and Loan Association-

'.8eeBUoAc( research,verified by practical experiment, have enabled us to determine the And Own a Home. t

most suitable form'of plant food to produce not only sweet fruit (tbe most.- salable',but alto
healthy weod. The terms of this Association have never been equalled In Florida. It offers terms that
4 We c4a4ra that our ORANGE, GROWER'returns to the soil In suitable form and In proper should enable every man to,Instead of paying rent to a landlord, have same sum pay for
same property In a few years, It offers best terms to
time these constituents, which (fruits abstract,and will give larger yield,stimulating I
q a vl ol' condition of the entire plant. Our ORANGE GROWER
et-em-enf4oplotfo+ >d and In suitable forms. j i. Write fpr particulars,to the above named Association
Experience has proven that Potash Is best adapted to the orange kee,and our ORANGE
Everett Block Fla.
GROWER oontantalns the largest amount,principally the form sulphate. The Bone 5 Jacksonville, .
uied Is more quickly available than the raw bone, being carefnlly(dlssolved. hence more .
readily taken by the roots of the tree. Many failures are recorded wHfa the bone,and we are PECANS.
led to believe that the soil of Florida; has not the power to dissolve! bone and make plant UMMER '
h food of it,which heavier 101"possesses*- We have aimed to put lthi the right form to yield PIS ready Large for nuts the for seed. Also, pecan tree
grove ,
.\- up Its plant food gradually through.the season. .i};
It Is an unquestionable fact,admitted by all,that the growth of an orange tree Is the ORGY OFFER Large Paper-shell Pecans my
labor of many years and we can not afford to wait a..wbole season for the bone to be rendered Specialty.Pecan .
soluble. On the other sand the'tree'should not be forced by stimulants' ,like fish,guano, BUY October in AncTut and September pay why, nuts, $1 per pound; one-year-old.
cottonseed meal,which,being rich In ammonia,are consequently too forcing. Experience crops are sold. Spot Cull trees,$1 each.
has further demonstrated the wisdom of frequent applications of fertilizers,especially on rrlces. The Lowest known. W.R. STUART .
12-?5-2t Ocean Springs Miss.AMSDE.N
caah down,balanceDecember .
lighter lands,say two or three times a.year,in January,February or March and In June and Jut a little WQL No Interest. '- .' .
July. It should be scattered broadcast around the trees,a little way from the trunk,and as Oar entire stock-any make- ,
far out as the branches ex'ead and should be worked lightly In the soil. About one-hatf price or style. BEST Sam
'pound should be applied to young trees when first set out,working;thoroughly Into the soil, I'ttR mer offer we ever made. '
that It may not come In contact with the tender roots. Another half pound should be scat Write forTJIrcnlarSUMMER .
,, tered around the tree,after It is set out,on the surface,and raked In. OFFElt 180OLUDDEN
Older trees. should be treated as follows:- Two pounds for second year,three pounds for & BATES j 1! :
third year,Increasing the quantity a pound a year entll the tree .to ten years old. A full 1890 ,
bearing grove should have from 1,290 to 2,060 pounds per acre. SAVANNAH, CA. .
it Bead for pamphlet and prices,and all other'Information to

,A., M. BOND, General,Agent, ,


:,, Fitting young men for the active duties of life.
Chartered by the legislature of Virginia and Golden White and Silver
OHNSON & STOKES endorsed by the Chamber of Commerce Council, Wyafidotta,

r FARMMANUALF- .. | to an who write for U.Hwtr and For catalogue prominent circulars citizens and oCthecitywherelocated.testimonials address Plymouth Rocks, S. C. Leghorn F
I.G DUNSMOKa.President,Staunton,:,Va.
CHOICE= !NOVELTIES v_e SEEDS and Pekin Dscks.

NEws, GARDEN TOOLS A FOCX.TBT fiurruxs. Eggs from choice selected stock at all times.
4 ,w JOKSSOK A STOKES,217 A 819 Market Street, PgTT.AHET.PHTA, pi. SWUBATORSimple J : :f Choice Fowls at reasonable prteea.
Three-Dollar Bone and Shell Mill and
.. *Perfect and 8elf.Replat. Poultry Clover Cutter. Prairie State Incubators
C SPRAY YOUR FRUIT TRmCS'.AND VINES. f Bin Guaranteed*. Hundred to hatch to toeeeMtnl larger percent open oa. and Brooders. Circulars free.
|of fertile ells a'lees| ro tth n any other ,E. W. AUSDEK. Onaosd Fte.
Wormy.Fruit and Leaf Blight of Apples Pears Cherries Plum Cur- -"hatcher. Send 6c. for TJlus.OatalocoXrraUrstre .,
oulla revealed by'sptgyin With the teOEMlbR'SPRAY ( CEO.H.STAHL.QUINCY_ ,,ILL.
.APE aM POTATO ROT prevented y using EX LSIOR
$ r also injurious Insects which Infest '
,.. ..1\M Tries and Strawberries. PERFECT EVA'PORATORT fflilIll'i
t D !IJ't' FRUIT
ina..ta >ivut free. Large
i4oe ie
., > Address,WK.8TAKL.Q t.e7,n1' 9H. rnnimW"w a ..=:.t'' .Jr.. .lC I: :T"q i L .

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