Florida farmer & fruit grower
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055765/00163
 Material Information
Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower
Uniform Title: Florida farmer & fruit grower (Jacksonville, Fla. 1893)
Alternate title: Florida farmer and fruit=grower
Portion of title: Florida farmer and fruit grower
Physical Description: 29 v. : ill. ; 33-50 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: S. Powers
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: January 15, 1891
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1893; ceased in 1899.
General Note: Description based on: New ser. vol. 5, no. 19 (May 13, 1893).
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002038466
oclc - 01387403
notis - AKM6256
lccn - sn 95026761
System ID: UF00055765:00163
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida dispatch and farmer and fruit grower
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly Florida times-union and citizen

Full Text

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I i' :f 1 1869': % .




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riA.OJ'e POWER*. > Jacksonville, Fla, Thursday, January\ 15, 1881. Whole No. ,1146.; NaA sERIBIiIYo1.III, 3(0. 3. .



Oae and dae-half miles from Peru,Fla.,one Chasselas Lmttichan,bast and by weeks

Half mile from Alafla river. 110 bearing tree the earliest market grape in Florida.
1D flret-oIe.M condition, 15 to 18 yean old They are the best. They are grown for use in the South Write for Catalogue. .

ti., Good water,healthy locality. Tract contain They are adapted to our Florida soil and climate. Give them a H. VON' LUTTICHAU. ,.

J n t .lag 70 acres. Address, P.M.,Peru, Fla. trial. Our new catalogue for 1890-91 will be sent on application.H. 12-4-41 Earleton.Fla.

.. G. HASTINGS &: CO.,

I .F "" Seedsmen and Florists. Intrelachen, Fla i .-

'Moon's Patent Plow-Colter and Gauge beats DELAWHAE.IVES. CYIf T11IANA, NORTON,, Only 900: yards from depot.)
', the world. Adjustlble to any Plow, one 01 two to Ave
two horse. Baves :20 per'cent: in labor for .l NIAGARA I EATON, mOYER, and all leading and new varletlei old Thousands from seed of sweet directly seedlings from the famous Tucker years
I .man and beast,and enables yon to turn any of grape vln.es,Native and Foreign. groTe. Splendid election of budded trees, thorn-
kind of grass,vines or weeds completely out lea and otherwise. Maltese Oral Med.Sweet.Jaffa.
ot sight GUABANTKKD. Bend for circular. HIGHEST STANDARD Washington Narel, Tangerine Peerless, Raymond
MOON COLTER MFG.'CO. Sweet and others. The last named Is a new and
Huntnlllelta.B'LAKE TO NONE! splendid rartety early and sweet. Our prices are
tnelowMt. Try us and you will purchase.

DIAMOND I For price list,and estimates with special discounts'or Address Care, E.'A.FAROA J.C.EUersUe SUMNEB,Pasoo X&D&Co v.,11.*.

& RIPLEY, large orders,address, .

Nurseries and Vineyards,Tallahassee,Fla. '' ,
EXCHANGE San Luis and I' '
> ...
I '" v. Send for price list of FLORIDA 4

Price Catalogues of weekly sales furnished FLORIDA FRUIT EXCHANGilWlules

.on application." SAVE TIME AND MONEY. ,h, Com mission,. Fruita and Ybgetabtae;
Prompt retur'D.L Stencils on appUcadon. ,
AS. SAITTA, 1M SOUth Water Street.Chlespo.

MERCHANTS. S'rART''RIGHT' AND KEEP RIGHT: by buying your vines; '

goats for Georgia;Carolina"and Missouri Df those who have had experience and have MADE A SUCCESS RM.: BURROWS & CO.,
melon.. 800 care received yearly. .
tn Bananas and Florida .Oranges. Consign CULTURE IN SOUTH FLORIDA and who will
meat solicited. Quickest and best returns For the sale.of Oranges,Lemon.and

a References: Whole fruit trade, Masonic, give full instruction as to planting and care of vines. I 64 AND 66,PROSPECT ST., C .EVELANDO.
Bank. ,
Bank,and Co. Exchange
Pittsburgh Pa.,916 to 964 Liberty avenue. HAYNES: YOUNG '& BAILEY, I Ample storage solicited.and Stencils refrigerators.furnished.
New York, N. Y., 88 Park'. Place and 258 Edwards
References-Mercantile National Bank: Wm.
Washington street. \ State Agents for the Niagara White Grape Companies' Superior Vines,, ft CO Wholesale Grocers; Chllds.Grog ft Oo? ,
Philadelphia. Pa., J-u. Baitta, 11 and 13 / Mountain ", Wholesale loot andShoes; Bradstreet and Be a.
Dock street. :U< \ \: .i t I arid.Green Dun ft co.', Mercantile AgenciesOhio Farmer,"
*- -- NIAGARA VILLA., CleTeland.". _
.. ..
Box '492, Orlando, Fla. ,

AND'189L '
Pro a ktors of i genarai line of fruit trees adaptedto ;: FERTILIZER COMPANYJACKSONVILLE Commission Merchants, Dealers In Foreign
PAINE in oar lots a
PMitia sad tU Qatf States. Florida grown peach THE and Domestic Fruits.. Oranges ,
and Oriental plum specialties. Fifty varieties of specialty.
>. Peach, both peach I Consignments and correspondence solicited
peseh sad afteen of plum on '- FLORIDA. .
roots Apricots nectarines National Bank. ft
sad Tuna plum German
aImOHI,peeaai. Jennings nortdw'spple etc., No West Bay Street Warehouses and Wharves at the terminus of:the. F. o.A P.B.'B. Reference.
Office 60 .
egeat employed., ,solicited.PATENT ; .. St.Johns River East Jacksonville.M'anufacturers SHERMAN .& CO., -

GRAZING MUZZLE. of Commercial ,Fertilizers LW. BOSTON,

Allows sidek'of all kinds to graze and prevents Wholesale dealers in and Importers of all kinds of Agricultural Chemicals. References: Dr.Henry Foster,Oviedo,FIG;
browsing.. Trees and shrubs fully pro Send us your,name and we will mall you from time to time much le-neral1ntormatlon. Capt. B. F. Whither. Fort,Reed, Fla.; First
i' teeted., -. ? > regarding successful orange and vegetable culture In Florida. 4_ National Bank, Sanford Fla.;. 8.P.SUCh,

+ Refereneoc, 8.'B.Hubbard&Co.,Jackson rlment 8tation"-ja.- .P. Lady Lake, Fla; J. v/ Roberta, Orange
j. ," '".J' The Finest.Recommendation to,be Obtained in the State.-Ftorlda Bend, Fla.; Dr. L L.Newaom.Creeeenl. City,
:i, vilie. w. ; DePass, Director. Fla.-i-Fourth National Bank, Boston; H.
Prlee,tL2), ,eaeh-factory.' .;, 9MOREMEN LAKE CITY,FLA..Oct.:29. I860. Harris A Co.,Boston.
{ ; .. Tree F d".OD m j
l: A CO.8witaerland
'8-I have used your"Orange
ti and I PALMER
,)Fla. ? finely. It is an ncellmt jmUfur ,
i prove for two year and my trees are growing very JAS.P.DzP..u GS.
'! 't .can recommend tt mod highly: 'Yours truly, 166 .,READE s'r.., NEW. YORK.SOUTHERN .
20> 18W.
Oct. ,
J', & SON.' _
: BEACH. with the results obtained SPECIALTY.
.r 4 .'A' : ; MBSSRS.'E.T.PAINE&i-SoN.' Gentlemen-I am so far satisfied PRODUCE A
i UiS.ER, VE N., of which I used over W tons the past seasonty and all other
by the nee of your "Orange Food" Fertilizer, of this brand shows that It produces Oranges,Lemons,Pineapples, ,
fruit Ie very firm and heavy.: Five years continuous use conditions ex- Fruits and early truck, also, dried ftatta,
l PALATKA, FLA. ..... a thin tough-skinned fruit, which carries to market under average DUta.tars,ete. .' -,<
I receive the past ntTJ1f-woodrowth
r'? : ,cel1eat shape 'Aot-badorder"report did All consignments proajpMy rsipWnrtJBT*
Trees and Plants":of all: kinds 'suited to this obtained b7 the use of your,fertilizer is not as great. 'as by some J. M. :W&TBOUS. Bteaeli and market Itonisaed tree.
,%-.8H. tate. Camphor trees a..specialty.Also CERTAIN. .5 -yours: .truly, References: Bradstreets the and e .
merchants and banks of south
CaeetButs,Pecans and Japan Persim-
rrJafa& '
f : '
B 01 Y I 'AVY: ;tL'i: :MC1'T'; T F
Bybnvi1rr Vill1r Li "nll..CUn & ,00. i) } Receiver of Florida Grasses Lemons, kap
HOOFING, FELT costs I ,1" Fruit and TangertoM. :, QBTBlCTl.T'FANCr
oaly..00 per W square ..,' ,Makes.a good Fertilisers for Vegetables and Fruit Tree, Analysis! and wloes.mxm application 'FBUIT,BOTH' IN CMJ.A.IdTr
"roef tor-ears.and anyone cast put it on.'Bead .Complete, BAKER xJBOo., ovate Agents. ; AND' PAOZINO If ova HOBB:; ..is8ke11s '
etampfor sample sad fall parUeulara.,. OBO. W. ,BAJSB'S ROTTED BONE MANURE Pcaomposod:wlte'" "FptaA. 996', "itoa ,<<- .. iced: ., Ali,* :.r.i .
'- BM"HLASTIO BooFI1'& ce.'(. L Guaranteed Analysis. Bend for Catalogue and samples.- 1 Befereace-Cstham Natteaal Bask,K.T.;
Ji .at;: -99 A 41 West: Broadway,New York delivered. 'BRO .,Speeial AgeaU,.?alm Springs, Fl*. 1...A.Harris,Cltra, !'"JA., ; ':*r*iPrompt
return on all :
." Wanted. Low PBIOXB ON TOBACCO anus XN CAB ZX>ra. .
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BOX' SIDES; Bangor (Eaton Extra Thick).............. ..$5oo"per too Boxes. .

.i "u. u cartels l ........... 4"75". INSECTICIDE-THE EUREKA.
I ., Gum (Extra. the k)'woe sides.............. 4.75 ,
r .** *<- _" ," car lots.... '4.co ", U > ..1

: BOX HEADS, Spruce and Florida Pine...... .....::..... 5.00" LIQUID" .' ,. :*4V

BOX HOOPS, Best Birch......................,.....,.......... 400 per 100 3ocypei r
Single barrel or less : gal.
car lots.................' .......... 37} c per 100 ,+ -

'.-;;'- ..* Mixed......:............................. 30e per loou Five barrels or more, 250. ;per' gal.

"car lots...............: ........ "2234 c per 100 .
,1;/ .
ORANGE. WRAPS, 9x9, 8c; 10x10, gtfc; nxn, jic; 12x12, I3C peP POWDER-
X .w Ream of sheets. *
: cans,5cperpo
10& 20 pound
LADDERS. Spruce Pine, Oak Rounds...........10 to 25 feet, 15 c per foot.

,. H.:" "- ...........25 to 29 feet, 20 c per.foot SPRAYING MACHBfEBY. Nixon Nozzle and MachineCo.

'-ORANGE. ,"b CLIPS, /$x."." ............31 to.36 feet', 25 c per foot. ., at from $10 to $70.-Clean your trees from scale by spraying;with the

CANADA HARDWOOD ASHES, pure and dry$18.00 per ton. Eureka at the beginning of the growing season of January February.Send .

: BERRY GROWERS' SUPPLIES. Standard and Gift. Crates, Baskets, for circulars giving all the requisite information.

F .':;'.'( etc., as cheap as the,cheapest E. BEAN, Jacksonville, Fla.
t .


AND. !
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-4 -''.h. F1 rl.d.a: nip: pat is L1xl.--: : ; .

iI r :,. r
With the Magnificent 'Connectl ns. ,"'

The. Great Fast Express Freight System pf the South.t

The attention pf shippers Is directed to the Plant S. 8. Line between Havana,Key West and Tampa,and South: Florida Railway between Tampa and Sanford,8.,F.A W.By.between -
Jacksonville,Gainesville,Bainbridge, ;Blver Junction. and,Savannah,Savannah and Charleston,and Ocean Steamship Line between Savannah,Philadelphia,Boston and New
York,and Merchant and Miners Transportation Company between Savannah and Baltimore The best equipped,fastest and most prompt lines between all points Florida and all
points North and Northwest. Be oelvers and Shippers will proflt by the following unparalleled connections: +
Doable dally fast freight service for all points West via Albany,Jesup, Bainbridge and Double dally fast freight service from all points North and West via Albany,Bainbridge
SaTaBBah. Jesup and Savannah to all points In Florida, fast freight trains both via Gainesville,Jacksonville -
Dally fast freight all rail connection via the Atlantic Coast Line to all Eastern,Interior ,Callahan and Live Oak
and Ooaat points, including New York,Boston, Philadelphia,Baltimore,Washington and Four ships a week by the fleet steamships of the Ocean Steamship Company,sailing from
,PrevIde o& New York(New Pier_35,North: River,)direct for Savannah Monday,Wednesday Friday and
Four connections a week'for New York via Ocean Steamship Company,leaving Savannah Saturday. '
M&udays. Wednesdays,Fridays Saturdays.: ., The Boston and Savannah Steamship Company's steamers will leave Boston Jan. 8
Two connections a week for via Merchants' and IUnen'TransportatIon Com-, J2,1Q.20,24 and 28 for Savannah direct,making connection on the dock at Savannah with tut
.a&yleav-ing Savannah every Wednesday and Saturday _' freight trains for"11 points in Florida.
I Connections: for Boston via Boston and Savannah Steamship Company leaving Savannah From Philadelphia via Ocean Steamship Co., leaving Philadelphia Jan. 10 20, 30. and
Jaa.,28 and 30. every five days from regular sailing day via New York to Savannah.
Connections for Philadelphia every ten days via Ocean Steamship Company,leaving From Baltimore via Merchants and Miners Transportation Co., every Tuesday and
Savannah Jan.'15 and 25.. : Friday, making close,connection with 8., F.&: W.By.for all points In Florida.
Sailing days.for:Steamships are subject to change without notice.
The Florida Dispatch Line is the. quickest and best freight route from all points North,Eaat and West to Florida, :For full particulars,rates,stencils and shipping receipts apply to
any agents of the above lines,or to WM.P..HABDEE,Gen'l Freight Agent,Sa-yannabUa.
r CL D..OWEN8'Trafflc Manager,Savannah,Ga. W. M.DAVIDSON, Gen Traffic> Agent, Jacksonville;Fla.J. .
.A.$N,TTWOOD'Tray.,' Agt.,Gainesville.Fla. J.P.Joiu .uc,Trav.Agent,Quincy ,J.,E.DBATTOIT,Trav. Agent, Jacksonville. J.H.8rKPHKWS. ,Agent,Jacksonville.

,'Established: 1856. 200 Acres in 'Fruit Nursery. "
pl'.1_' __ ONE ACRE ''UNDER GLASS. ,


Y Aagast> G COO Ia. DEALERS IN- -

... ,. -- Goal, Hay, Grain;, Wings, Liqnors, Cigars, Tobacco, Etc.
We offer for Fall and'winter delivery an Immense stock of Fruit and Ornamental trees,
Roses,Palms,eta. suited t .Florida All the new Peaches lately'originated. Florida. JACKSONVILLE, PLA.
Also a superb stock;otETergreenaCamellias,Greenhouse plants,eta
'4. Our products have been tested 1n-Florida.tor thirty-three:years past. Catalogues free. PRICE LIST OF WHISKEY.
l Address Parker. __..__...___. ...fl.75 J. B".Un .RY _____'3.00
Agents. Orange Valley..........._............ 2.00 .Vll"l'lnJaGJade." ____ 4.00
P. xJ., BRRGKMANS, *Taller._..___._ 'L'.5O I Old Bourbon.. ,.....___ 5.00
Worth Caro a CorD....... ..... 2 5O Kentucky Soar mash. .._ ft.OO
Augusta ,Ga. Clifton .* ___ Old Baker....._tttT.......__ 5OO
;.' JHontrose Tel vet. ...._...___...6.00.
';' Jigs extra: 1 gallon 25c., 2 gallon 50c.t 3 gallon 75c. Remit by post office
,. CLEAR WATER NURSERY money order, check or registered letter. We cannot ship C. O. D. to dry towns.A .
complete price list of Groceries, and Wine list, sent free on application. x 1
1' Clear''Wetter Harbor_ HUlBboro Co., Fla-
John Clark Son & Co. .

DUNCAN I BROS',. Nurserymen and Florists., s I

.. )one bnadred' thousand t.reeIIlD'atocL Greenhouse and shade harbors for pxopa '
haft a full line of fine Cltras.Oriental Deciduous Stocks,Tropical and 8omlFrolU > .
-:! ,,Plants,OrBamentala,,eta Everything: for Florida. Bend for Illustrated CUT fORlS GRASSHOPPERS CATERPILLARS

.' LSti. ,

." .. i .t. "S Suds rl J, Plants, Shrubs, Vines, THE SEMINOLE INSECTICIDE, AND CUT WORM ''

.. E8.' Fruit&OrnaMental 1reiS,Etc DESTROYER will kill the cut worm, destroy the grasshopper .

of exterminate the caterpillar and all other insects that
,.. .- CATALOGUE. FREE.. ,
I feed on and destroy the vegetables and plants. Vegetable -
Over;'150 pages illustrating and describlU one of ttie largestandbeet young
q Asserted stocks of Seeds,.Trees andFlaata In the U. 8., and truck growers should investigate: 'the merits of this
Best.value for'the mosey In our Tested Novelties and. Special
I ,Low.Priced Collections. wonderful preparation u

J: :37;:JYEAIt' '25 CREEMHOU 7OO ACRES.T For general information, prices, circular, etc., address,,

t. Box& Jaeksoay1I2ej J'J&
Palnesvilte9 Ohi (Mention this paper.| ',.. : .:.
Y ;; "" .

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apt to make the oranges grow unprofitably PRUNING. I as unyielding as,sheet-iron; then when

.( zrolle and Orchard. large. We have seen clay-grown We believe this.to be largely a local the trees were forced by good feedingto
.. from the west end of Bradford
this bark' cracked
question, that is, it is'correlated with openin
Planting Grove-No 2. county that averaged, larger the matter of exposure. We have long ragged slits.Ve wrapped
,. than Navels. them loosely with gtranysacksikeep;
SOIL. seen trees favorably situated in North
ing them onall summer, and these so
Florida, on which not much
EXPOSURE. so as a
"The soil or'Florida is like a kalei- softened'' the bark that it. expanded
*..' doscope especially in the The location of the, grove should l be pen knife had ever been lifted up in
peninsula. the freely and naturally. Of course these
whole period of their existence
free from ,
Generally'level as it is, it often varies killing frosts. It .ought to loaded with fruit after : sacks had to be retained in the winter,
yet good
'radically within t the of rod. be distinctly understood that there are year
space, a that or else the trees would have suffered
year, so we are utterly skepticalas
We have seen a well millions of acres even in the recog- from the sudden '
yielding chaly change. A
the :
nized to necessity of pruning to in- youngtree
,beate waters, and not over two rods orange belt where a grove duce fruitfulness.. In North Floridawe ought to be allowed to retain all '

from it another whose waters were should not be planted. We should should wish with its branchcs clear to the, ground, and
J '* to see a tree ahead
.. free from the taste of iron. The condemn as unsuitable for orange. cul'ture solid as a: cabbage, absolutely the thicker the better. The little cultivation
: same thing'is true in respect to sul- any locality where ice forms onceor required under these branchescan
untouched by. or shears from the
more, the majority of winters
phur. water. ground _up. In the course of time easily be performed with a prong-
In the flat, woods there are free much over a quarter of an inch thick.' there will be a quantity of dead twigs hoe, and horse cultivation ought not
Or if
at any rate, trees are. planted in
quently seen very slight elevations, such locations should be and leaves in the middle of it, but to be pushed up within three or four

,only a foot or so above the general and, Satsumas. principally these need give,the owner little concern feet anyhow.-ED.Industrious .
Tangerines seedlingor .
level,' and from a.few rods, to several either of the above almost for if the tree is well-fed it will .

',acres in extent, where, the brass is of the budded varieties or when it any is cover itself with such a thick screen of Help Wanted.Editor .
,, very thin and fine and the white, ,sand foliage that insects will not trouble Farmer and Frult-Qrowen ,
dormant in the winter if it
"\ shows up through it like frost. Here perfectly in the dark inside very much preferringthe If there is as great deficiency in the

the, roots of the, pine trees will be is endure a: strong healthycondition with will lighter outside. In fact, our observation supply of reliable help all over Floridaas

., found running on, the ,surface, some- 22 or even 20 comparative is that a tree which is generously there is in the south'part of the

times half or more of'their'diameter impunity, suffering very little nourished seldom is troubled by State, a general effort should be madeto
above ground. THis Sand is of beyond the loss of its leaves and a supply the demand. There can be
?. a few tender but this the invasions of scale insects, plant
;quicksand nature" what the native certain tips; the temperatureis lice ,and the train of predaceous flies, no doubt that the progress of this part

,:farmers call "dead soil," and it i is hours. A to good injure water fruit or forest in a few spiders, paper wasps, etc., which of Florida is retarded for the want. of

worthless: for oranges, or almost anything protection follow and live upon them. The efficient reliable hired laborers.
.. else. may easily ,be worth more to small amount of "sap wasted on thesesuperfluous In the Northern and Western States
the orange grower than a gain of
Again, there are spots of jet black miles south in latitude or of five milesin 150 limbs" will cut no very there are large numbers of men entirely

soil, where the water after a rain will railroad. great figure in the calculations of a capable of taking charge of a
nearness to a A vigorousman
I run off as black as ink if the land has and s liberal feeder and an efficient culti farm and attending to all details of
a long purse can keep a planting, cultivating and harvestingall
lately plowed. These might vator.
grove growing thrifty-looking almost
S seem to the,novice to be of extraordinary anywhere in decent soil fifty In 'South Florida, where insects are kinds of crops and who can be

fertility, but they are generally miles south of the Georgia line but thicker and the wind less severe, the hired for a year or any length of
; time and the
also of this contract made binding, .
,quicksandy character. the frequent shocks given to the tree, grower can follow out his esthetic the
so employer
can depend
-. A very good guide to the novice i is causing it to lose its leaves,and occas promptings, if he chooses, sweepingout faithful service. Such upon is

*.. found in the wire-grass ; where the ionally branches of some size, and the the ,entire middle of the tree, deadwood scarcely known in South Florida.a thing Almost

leaves are wide, sometimes almost i if f danger of the frosting of the fruit yen thorns, leaves, etc., and no-
man of
.not quite a quarter inch wide, there der it a discouraging pursuit.. Five cr body will quarrel with him probably. responsibilities every capable sets assumingsuch for himself
the,, soil is of There is no conceivable valid up -
a generous quality and six acres of trees managed on an in objec' as an or
but where tion the removal from the interior orange vegetable grower.
depth become against
; they narrow tensive system of cultivation are caps This fact in a ,certain 'is
o sense, cre-
finally shrinking'to mere spires ble of giving such a generous return I of anything that has ceased t ditable to the advantages of State.
like knitting-needles, of the 'smallest that it is well worth while to pay tenor be of use to the tree; but this, in, our Yet there is no doubt that would.be .

size, there the soil is of the poorest fifteen cents a box more for trans opinion, does not include the bomb fruit and vegetable many would

quality, little else but sand, and will 1 portation in order to secure exactlythe lest twig which can by any possibilityof have made for more growers
starve an orange,tree to death.. Fer- place which one wants. indulgence reach the periphery of if had taken progress
tilize .jt as he the the tree and contribute even a half they employmentwith \
may, grower can A deal of
good protection against t 'experienced men in these industries -
never i induce the roots "to dozen leaves to thicken and strengthenits
penetrate wind would be afforded by a double for a few years, until they
either shield and wind. The
into this against sun
laterally or triple row of bitter-sweets or sour had learned something of the peculiarities -
heavy, hard, sharp sand., An head of the tree does its useful work
oranges, planted say 15x40, on th of our soils, climate, etc
.-TieQced man holding a plow blind- and eon the, outside, just as the roots do all
northern western sides of the There are large1numbers 01 men in
'. folded,could tell by.the sound it, their nutritive work on the outer rim
gave grove. The owner could well afford the Northern and Western States who
forth, gritty or mellow, whether it waS tocultivate: and fertilize those hardy of a constantly widening circle of need the change of climate for the
good; orange land or not fibrous roots. An orange grown on
members of the citrus family gener benefit of their health who would im
The fact that water stands within ously, even if he did not find use fora I the:inside of the tree is pale and spirit prove much faster by taking employ

; five or'six feet of the surface does not quarter of their fruit, for the shieltheir d less. Why ,open the tree and en ment at some out door labor not too

,> of itself condemn-land for orange cul- hedge-like foliage would offer to courage fruit-buds to form deep in the' severe at first, than to loaf about :Wand

ture. If only there is a porous'' sub-I the blizzards. It is ''remarkable 'what interior? become homesick and discontented.

<. soil, yellow or grayish,and sandy,.and a difference in temperature there will 1 '''But the paramount considerationwith There is nearly as 'great a deficiency

5 the land has even-a very little slope, be, during the severest north wind,,' 'an orange? tree which is' destinedto in the supply of cooks'' and house

...the water can 'be removed'by'"maintaining between the warm, still depths of th e face the winter blizzard and the sub keepers. There has .not been a, day

-. a slight furrow midway between middle of a grove and the gusty out. tropical heat'is; to make and keep i if it in six years in which I could not have

.' the rows, with deep foot-ditch side. Even two or three rows of f' buttoned'.up snug and 'close clear to directed competent cooks to several:

to create a fall. sturdy sweet seedlings, planted as ,the ground. We have had trees which good situations in this and adjoining;

A sandy.clay-subsoil if fria above mentioned will do had trimmed counties .
; very thickly as a'previous owner ,up tool at good wages. ,
; ,ble,. is not. objectionable but: if the much to screen their fellows to the l high. The hot sunshine 'dried the. Such being the facts, every'oic i ::

,1.,:.clay :comes" clear to ,th'e'surfaceit: i i1O is l leeward bark'of their trunksuntillt wasalmost writing Northern friends; -HW r.

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this great need of our State until women and children. What nicer, the trees, it will'surely disprove the when the stem was cut in two by a
peat assertions of those Florida fruit- twig girdler below the fruit. The stock
the demand is supplied. The induce- cleaner, more healthful occupation? two
this t>f co-operation there growers. was about one-half inch
ment can be honestly held out that By plan
there, will be no need of such persons would be no wages to pay outside, After supper, sitting down to readto used for the above., Can any of

continuing indefinitely in the positionof and the farmer, instead of doing all the little boys from my last number your readers inform me if there are any
of the of the American Garden other nuts that will' graft( on the above
hired help. No part of our country the work and receiving none my eye
ofiefs better opportunities for such profits, would get all the profits there caught a paragraph on the peach failure stocks, that have been tried; and

persons to a home and an independent w ere in it. Suppose you waste some problem, in the, great peach grow- would the chinquapin. stock be apt to

acquire occupation; but as, I said fruit in learning how to operate, why, ing sections of the North, and it fits make,the graft short lived? If any of .

before,they are only too apt to set up bless you, the canning factory man in so nicely here. I copy it entire.It your readers can help me to find other

for themselves too soon.: They cane would take ten times as much out'of is headed: nuts that will take on the chinquapinstock .

.acquire good;land quicker and easier you in 'one season and only pay you "THE DISCIPLINE OF DIFFICULTIES."I besides the Spanish and Japanese
varieties I shall be much obligedfor
starvation for the balance.In ,
here than in of the United prices
any part the of the
regard yellows as one the information. While on this
States Hence by laying the facts addition to>> canning get an evap-
greatest blessings which ever fell to of I would like to -
the class in the North orator also, plant such peaches and subject say
.before, right the lot of peach I
growers little about grafting.{
they and our State will be mutually plums as are sure croppers, instead of Editor then remarks: a persimmon
Bailey noticed an article in the FARMER AND
benefitted. It will be observed there those miserable, deceptive Peentos.
"This bit of
heresy was given us FRUIT-GROWER sometime ago on that
Even Chickasaw will to
"Gardenof plums
is.no 'rropica1''Paradise, pay .
lately by a peach grower of large experience and it was almost enough to
Don't about ,
a mar-
Eden" or similar bosh in the above evaporate. worry
and observation in they Chesapeake -
deter amateur from trying to graft
ket them the demand is an
proposition. It is a plain statementof for ; greater
We had ourselves
than the for the right peninsula. persimmons. I think, my method a
facts easily verified ; an invitationto supply always,
and difficulties
that diseases
taught' deal simpler and fully as good,
kind of Put goods good
honest industrious working peopleto up your
which can be teadily overcome or can i if I judge by the growth the_ graft
and share the fruits of intelligent cleanly and carefully and attractively may
come be checked without sacrifice
are sizes
great has made. I used stocks of all
labeled and will find ready mar-
labor with us. Such people they
directly beneficial in any community, from one-fourth of an inch to four

will not be classed .with or looked ket.Myself and couple of neighbors because they drive out the shiftless inches, and had very few to (fail. The
menials because a
or degraded
upon as and incompetent growers, and because small stocks I cleft grafted the large
do what I am ad- ;
Intelligent to exactly
work with their hands.
propose '
they : : lessen and thereforeaid
they production, with hatchet
I split the stock a
others do. Let first crowd
is accorded as much vising us
industry in within the limit'of
keeping prices and inserted the grafts in the cleft
honor with us as in any part of our Northern canned goods out of our own
., But had hesitated to make
markets and then invade theirs. Thisis profit. we made by the same, and then
Indolence and ignorancewill ,
country. the declaration in 'to such
same poured hot beeswax on the stock com-
the rail
also the best to
\ receive no more encouragementhere way fight serious and obscure diseases
left them
roads. There I again-plotting pear pletely filling the cleft, or I
'than go
elsewhere.W. E. DRISCOLL. against the railroads, whose philan- blight and yellows, and we had never without anything, owing to whether it
I of the of difficulties
thought discipline convenient the to them
FU. them that they was to get wax ;
Manatee, thropy keeps so poor
i checking the recklessness of success. and I didn't have trouble about
holes in their any
Will Establish: a, Cannery.Editor have to put patches over This, our informant assures us, has grafts strangling, .and owing to "'the
docks because too to
!: Farmer and Frult-Grower they poor been in i of the Chesa-
true the
many parts tight grip of the stock either; and
in Too bad
Is there'not an old saying "That put a new plank. ; you
It is almost axiom
peake country. an only wedges used were the grafts them-
millionaire truckers and fruit
fortune those who help, th m.selves" growers,
that the most staid and honest peopleare wild
selves. I even took up some per-
ashamed of to
? Like the old Macedoniancry are you not yourselves
found in where effort -
regions greatest simmons and cut off all the lateral
of 'and help us reduce the poor transportation companies -.
"Come over is demanded."
roots and inserted graft of some JaPe
such ?
comes the cry from all over our fair to There is little that I add to
so can anese variety into the laterals and then
State, "Who will give us a cannery? I wish to say in corroboration of Mr. the above, that I leave it to the planter made a hole with a hoe handle and
size of
Who will start an evaporating factoryto W. L. Orange's statement as to '
who will "if Florida
always say, the roots so grafted into these holes
that Mr. W. H. put
our Satsuma trees
utilize surplus fruits, etc.? orange ,
could only grow peaches, what a some of the roots were over three feet
has Satsuma
Gentlemen help yourselves and fortune DeLong, our postmaster, a -
should have herel"Leave .
country we ) and this too on high pine land
long ,
five old budded sweet
will Does not that one tree years oa
you. it them decide whether
which sixteen feet to to that was as dry as could be. When I
word co-operation answer your cry? stock, measures if should select trees and .
I watered
we proper planted the same, of course,
and has borne box ina
over one
of for therailroads across
Have tired working
you got 'B. SUTTON. land for a peach orchard, plant them each root as I planted it. Some of

and commission men, and season. properly, and learn the wants of a them have done very well, balance

now wish to give the canning factoryman Candler, Fla. peach tree, cultivate the trees as they having been destroyed by plowing,
a'benefit? Don't do it. He is
should be, manure them with the etc. If a will only exercise a
Peach Outlook in South Flor- person
'the railroads he will
just as greedy as ;
proper elements for both growth of little common sense, see to get the
give you 20 cents per bushel, as he "ida. tree and fruit, see that the tree hadit scion and stock inner barks together,
calls it (really i U. bushel!), for your Fditor Farmer and Fruit Grower:
in supply all the time, that it would and let the wild roots be starting the
tomatoes and he will realize $2, fourto Last evening, a few minutes beforeI
in health and is
v keep perfect strong flow of sap before grafting there no
five cents per quart for your strawberries left my office in town, a gentlemanthat
erous, so it would throw offall need of failure. ROB'T REID.
and so on. owns a ten-acre grove a mile let it be "root knot" or what not, and Palm Springs,Fir
Instead of all this take the bull by south of me. called and presented me then tell me whether Florida is a C. I

the'horns, club together, two, three, with one of his specially fine oranges.He peach country or not. The prospect Notes on Back Numbers.EditorFarmer .

a half dozen or more neighbors; geta is one of our many orange grove now is that where trees are well : and Fmlt-Orowen

canning outfit and can your own men who are raising oranges at"arm's cared for they will give us the finest
fruit. Don't raise that nonsensical length he is here a month or advent Please: allow me to say that, of all
we have ever had since' the
it in winter and then North. crops the articles written on the cold waves
objection that requires experience two away its
of the Peento offsprings;
,'land the so.called secrets of the busi- Like many groves made in that way, and that the Spanish strain of peaches reaching here, Col. Troy's heads the

ness. Bosh! That is the cry which the treatment the trees get lets them well will fill our baskets with list (it appears in the issue of the 2thult

makes the farmer a hewer of wood live, but they are so poorly fed that fruit equally the at fault. ); and is the most concise, the
signs are sadly
or !
and a carrier of water for the capitalist they can't make oranges. As my JAMES MOTT most correct and the most logical

and the monopolist. That cry is packing ground is full of peach trees Orlando. any article of its kind I have ever

raised whenever the farmer, chafing ready for the winter trade, the talk < read. My observation agrees exactly

under the iron heel of monopoly, attempts turned on peaches. His remark was, Grafting Chinquapins.Editor with what he states, and he could.hare

to get out of the grasp of the "Florida was no peach country; he Farmer and Krult-Orower. told us just why large, deep bodies of ..

octopus. If he tries politics.,the cry had planted some and they all died." Last spring ((1890)) the buds began water are a protection to the southern

.is at once raised, the country is goingto Walking on' out home, a neighbortook to swell on the chinquapin stocks, I shores and not to the northern shores,

the,bad, sure, if old Hayseed gets me in his wagon to ride, and the had I inserted some Spanish chestnut but he did not, so I will try to do it.

.a finger in the lawmakers' pie. talk again turned on peaches. He grafts by cleft and tongue grafting into In large bodies of water there is a

But I'm off the track; I' commenced said "they would not do anything in the above stocks. They made a perfect .great ,deal of warmth or ,heat if the

.; on canning fruits. A, canning outfitto : this country, I have dug mine all up," uion and started vigorously into water is deep,. say from ten to sixty

,, can ;Soo two-pound cans per day, I and, right there over the fence were growth, only to be cut back by the feet, while, below ten feet and from six
of the of March. As I to two feet it can become decidedly
or 2,000 three-pound cans may be some beautiful peach trees, three years I freeze 3d grafted -
bought for $150, including full directions planted, of which the prospect now is beneath the surface some of the cooler than the land adjoining and attract -

for operating and all so-called that many will bear three bushels of lower buds or grafts put out after the frost rather than consume it. We

secrets of the business. Larger outfits fruit each the coming seasoD. If I higher ones were frozen, and one graft 1 usually have the wind from the north'or

'for a slight increase in price. Twelve can have as good success in market- made a growth of about six feet, northwest just before a frost and,

hands would be required to run the ing as I did two-years ago, when my straight shoot, and bloomed and set! in passing over a large, deep body of

.. "' er'outfit three,men, the balance- .fOP netted me $3,13 per bushel oa one fruit, which hung till.half grown,' i water, it becomes much warmer; then,

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P iF
9 dCe a -

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.F. _:..f ANtJIY'-..'i 5,189i-- -- ]- ,.... HE FLORIDA 1>1 h .-F44 !. -. AKD-- -Fnb1T-GRUWE.R.- "45.... ::"r

1 when the'wind abates and the air is by planting largely of such deciduoustrees the Scriptures. Then his children and berry known, the bushes being.literally "'
almost motionless, the radiation ,upward as the paper mulberry, paulowniaand his grand-children might enjoy the covered with its luscious fruit. It ::
- of ,the heat in the ,deepwater: catalpa. Such trees lend, a pleas- fruits of his industry. But, if his landis is propagated from tips, like cap rasp-
asserts itself and evaporation becomes ing variety to ornamental l grounds a thin "gingerporat" or a sand berries or dewberries, and can be increased
active immediately over' said ,deep but,they are very unsuitable for city without bottom, then of course he rapidly.-HallocKs Catalogue. .-
water (which is usually in the middleof streets. Where it is desirable,to have should not allow this "certain party"to PSI '
the l lake); then all air coming in shade in summer but not in winter, as waste good nursery stock on him Mr. Henry Norwell leaves Bostonfor
contact with the said evaporation beComes near dwellings, the China tree is the by sending it to him to plant.-ED. Plymouth catty next month, with
warmer: than the surrounding best'tree to plant. But no deciduoustrees .. r i quite a party of relatives and friends.
atmosphere: thereby lighter,and gently should be planted in the streets. Do not consult anybody,but Invest twenty- .
begins'to rise,and thus theair the Southern cities few five cents in a bottle of Salvation 011. Itkills ..
bet '
: oji Among are p'ln Look Here, Friend, Are You Sick
south side of it is in motion. Notso shaded than When that
put ter Jacksonville. The we reflect so many human Do yon suffer from Dyspeps'a. Indigestion
with the air on the north side; ,it.is craze for Asiatic shade trees seems being the conclusion die. Consumption that everybody we roust should come be to Sour.Lost Btomach.h rpetlte Liver,BlIllousneu t'omrlalnt., Exhaustion Nervousness
too heavy to be so easily attracted be. never to have struck this city. The provided with Dr. Bull's Cough Syrup, the or Tired Feeling Pains In Chester LnngDr7
cause,of ,its density or coolness. noble water oak has been planted al- poor consumptive's friend., tlon Cough,If NlghUweata so.send to or Prof.any form Hart,of 88 Consnmp Warren
Please allow me to say that the most exclusively, and it has no supe- Great'' Japanese Wineberry.Prof. street New York who will send you free,by
American Agriculturist is one of the rior. It is pleasing to see long lines of Georgeson of the Japanese cure.mall,a Send bottle to-day.of FToropterton,which Is ft sure
very"best farming publications printed young shade trees extending even out. Imperial ,Agricultural College while
for the North, and is to the North side of the suburbs. In this climate traveling among the mountains of -
precisely what' theTARMER FRUIT nothing enhances the value of a build Japan for rest and recreation, came \tssuuETJSTIS ""
A GROWER" is to Florida and'the South. ing lot more than shade trees, and upon this berry growing in a wild ."o._..c II.;':,,!pea'S.s
Tom Sawyer'seems to be all wool simply as a wise business investmenttree state. Its exceeding lusciousness and O-C c'" III": --t'l f.wAt..;_

and a full yard wide. planting should be engaged in beauty prompted him to dry some of .8..... 3_MO so-I
We think that your diligent effort largely. For door yards, parks and the berries and send the seed of themto p: -'
and, success ,in improving y'our.most cemeteries there is no tree superior to .relatives in this country, with the "0E''gruE.::; -.o a :-
valuable paper deserves the highest the common native evergreen cherry, information, that if it succeeded, it 5 II!.II:OaMVz. flJo:
praise. Your schedule for: January's commonly called mock olive. The would prove the most valuable berry =:.;;.!'gz:
farming operations is the 7 best; but as orange also is desirable, but it does novelty ever produced. The seed -oil"-g.o oa
you have more shots at us during the not make a healthy growth in the at produced a few plants, to which our, atti aQ..o;!p9rrA'00 '...:
month you can give us such of the mosphere of cities.It attention was called the first summer. Jlla: IIL2.. .
same charge as you will have time to ,is unfortunate that the mistletoeis We were so struck with its noveltyand w nQ10 a Q=r.gta2
repeat within the month, and we need allowed to take possession of so beauty, that we at once opened ; : .
just _such shooting at. Fire away; many oaks in this city. A war of ex- negotiations for; its purchase. The ,.....=..'oiopv4Q.A
wake us up to our duties; we need it. termination should be made against it, next season it fruited, and we at once 5"=" 5.S"f.
J. A. NUGENT. at least as ,to the seeding plants, which bought it on the terms offered, paying .'e..d>M q Ei p
T multiply the evil rapidly. A great the enormous price of one thous- OOI5..=..o..a.f..c.tG1tA. cI..a::..0
Plant Shade Trees. noble trees killed this -S t. i..pldEtasrw,.
many are by and dollars. ::
The following from the TimesUnion, parasite. 'The money that is spent in It belongs to the raspberry family, c Z.s oQO_:MOp yqy E. .. fj
doubtless from the pen of ,Prof. Cur- removing the trees thus destroyed is a strong vigorous grower, attainingthe i .c .=e:-a.:":Si 5 E ..
tiss, i is worthy of note: would probably suffice to rid all the usual height of raspberry, and is m 2S.C. =o o ='dS.o =
There js one point that ought, to be trees of this pest. Where shade is of perfectly hardy in all positions without v. ..."': 3o=.-.ti GcI.'Oall.2"-S: .a u
impressed'on all who intend to plant so much importance as it is in the protection. It is, in fact, more hardy -) 5 0 11.-:a i..:;5-;a r.cZCo :;li;
trees ,and that\ is the of ... ... .od
importance streets of Jacksonville an experiencedperson and vigorous than any raspberry.It cCO =u.2 g. .E:
early planting. It is sad to see handsome be a I .:.:..!;:;.l.Ct IS eji
ought to employed especially stands alike the cold of the northern .. u... ..=C G..1:....
young shade trees brought to an to attend to the planting and care of winters and the heat of the southern O E"' ;;i; ox l=.; .1 Q
untimely end by transplanting themin trees. For the present let every resident "summers, without the slightest degree ...2 g:"O i.!..'2 II: ,=,-..111oIl.W....'ti' 1 II:=:
April!..or.May. March is. too late, property owner look after his interests of injury. Its leaves are of the C :CI) !j 9 2 i fi
and so is the latter half of February in I in this matter and see to it that darkest green outside, and silvery- -0.... 'O A 2J a'i; cQf1c:! :
ordinary years. Midwinter is the best every vacancy in his tree rows is filled white underneath. The young shoots c "tS Q oa=0 0 i 11M II_8 ....= =..
;Q i11'
time transplanting trees in :Florida. by the ist of February. and branches are covered with a red- .... >, ppQdp,..M.'wpwQi!
Then they are most nearly dormant, dish brown hair or moss. The fruitis 0... =s 0 .g e=:IIS.. e.JOI,.... ..t:
and there,is time for the roots to commence Pecans-A Warning. borne in' large clusters, often 75' or A. a. E", -:r<.rpao0r:..... ... t.oE :
their vegetative functions before For some time past nearly every 100 berries in a bunch. These berriesare ;{! i. :e=o-I.
the trying weather of early springsets Southern agricultural paper has been from the time of formation and tqjjJtB A Tw3: .

in. publishing well written articles puffing bloom, until they ripen, enclosed in a
Another sad spectacle is ,a forest "pecan growing,and giving hundredsof "burr," which is formed by the .calyx .
tree transplanted with its entire top. dollars worth of free advertising to covering them entirely. When ripe, .,
This is mistaken economy of time and I a certain class of shrewd men who : the burr opens, exhibiting a large berryof Cas (-4 z
labor.* To adapt a familiar adage to i have nuts and trees for sale. Haven'tseen the brightest, light, glossy-scarlet or u
the subject it may be said, spare the anything in this paper, have you? sherry wine color. The burrs and .:.>> sx
knife and spoil the tree. A few feet will not either. a
Probably you stems are covered with a heavy red- :C.7
of the main branches be left Several months certain 3a9a
may ago a party dish moss, like a moss-rose bud. The
These with 'the twigs growing from offered to give us, free of charge, a flavor of the fruit is entirely different m tie
them give to the tree a better appear- certain amount of nuts and trees, but from any other berry, being very
ance than if it is reduced to a bare we wrote to him declining, stating sprightly, sweet and juicy, having no
trunk, and it is the better method provided that we preferred to buy and pay the disagreeable sour, but a delicate and Z
the tree be well, watered until money when we got ready to plant. l luscious flavor peculiar to itself, and QF
the new growth commences. If it will Perhaps other editors acted differentlyand superior to other berries. It is very S c = os N
pay, to-plant a tree it will pay doubly accepted the same proposition juicy, and makes the finest quality of W O
well to 'bestow care on it, to preservethe without any suspicion as to what was wine. It commences to ripen earlyin _
roots unmutilated a yard in length, to follow ; and perhaps they think by July, and continues in bearing for J
sprinkle and.cover them to prevent this time that the gift was a dear one long time. It is the most prolific Rio
their drying, to pack the soil around to them. These glowing, exaggeratedpecan
them careullyand afterward to fill articles, so widely circulated,
up any air spaces that may be left, andto are enriching certain parties and mak-
give them'water in.dry'weather. ing fools of an immense number of l URSERIES, : .
For shading the streets of Southern ,over credulous people.It's .
'cities;especially those near the 'coast, time to sound a note of warningand :Saatis, Lake County, Fla.,
nothing is superior to the common to call a halt Offer for sale nor Immediate planting
narrow/leaved oak known generally by We have spoken.-So. Stockman.If .
the name of,water oak. Though,not this able editor has a piece of A FINE STOCK OF ORANGE AND LEMON TREES:
sO> hardy as the live' oak, it is better river bottom land or good sandy loam land.
One. ana two year buda;abotoest varieties,all grown oa pine
suited to, the purpose in various re- he should get some pecan trees and My Wnriertef were entirely umlnjured by the March freeze. Pleat now darts;the rainy
spects., In many: ,of the 'Southern plant them, and, as they grow, dig eeon. Wr1 ferppeo ai pries. $"
.cities:great iiMakehas; : been, made about and.dung them, as directed in G. H. NORTON

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but .am not as ment.being made in the South in the way it might be sold ,in our stores;
(i -jRrER T rte (ER trying Para' grass, but otherwise! is not safe for merchantsto
I -:} .RIl: favorably impressed: with-.it-thus far.as way of new fruits. Mr. Smalley, of A. J.ALDRICH.

-- many there_ seem to be. It, has serious Arkansas, sent me, for testing, some handle.
: Orlando, Fla.
I. With. Forage ,mind in its habits of.his seedling strawberries. All,are is
:" ,Some Experience objections to my The paper pattern sent simply a
I' .' .. Crops. of growth, both for, a meadow anda doing well, and I think some will be segment of a, circle; and when the
.. % |
Xdttof Farmer and Fruit-Grower 'paSture ,grass. ButI am giving it a good South where so few do well, ends are brought together it forms a
u In reply to your solicitation for my good chance and will not be hastyin especially his No. 6, a cr<
'experience in growing forage in Flor- condemning it. Crescent and Sharpless. He also sent inches high, ,seven. inches across the
J y ida,.'I have to say that I have tried Now come; the.great crop for win- me some raspberries that originated in top and nine inches'across the bottom.

.right 'smart" in the six:years that I ter: feed, cassava. I am feeding my Arkansas, Tanda, Superb, Blue Beau It is ingenious, but we think should

? have. made Florida my home, and, as I third crop; began with a little and ty, Storm Propp, and some of the be larger for most vegetable hills. We
It. a result of those numerous trials, have have, increased i yearly as I became older kinds. It, seems to me we in should like to have'some of our. readers -
t' arrived at some quite definite con'elusions acquainted with its feeding value and the South ought to grow them and try it-ED.
r.: .'"' which will shape my efforts its immense productiveness. It re- find ready sale for them in our home .

.'0i inthat: ,direction until I can learn quires4 less work than most crops, and market. This is an experiment with Rood Yield on a One-Horse Farm.
N some better way to raise: feed for a the yield is simply enormous and almost me; whatever the result may be, will .
determined in,due time. But, Mr. Editor, Ecltor'J'armeranc! Frul&Orower. '
--little live stock, which I am incredible. Though I would report what industrious man
to have about me while I live not risk my reputation for veracity' if you or any of your readers have ever To,do show in this county an I submirthe fol. ,

**in the country, whether as farmer, hor- upon the statements of some writers grown raspberries, I should be pleasedto can results of Mr. B. S.,Jones'' work
tipulturist, mechanic, or simply a day that fifty and even seventy-five tons : know with what result
He farmed twentyone -
'l laborer. 'Yes, I, will have my cows of edible root,to the acre are practicable Prospects are fine so far. My Ste for past of year.land using ohly one
and hens and.have good honest milk it is good enough and big enoughto vens' strawberries are now in full acres my

and. cream for my oatmeal, rice, : say that a yield.of twenty or twenty--I bloom and have been so for a month, horse.
j graham, cracked wheat, ''grits, cornmeal five tons is practicable without extra but the heavy frost has blasted them.. COTTON.
mush etc. But as to the fair JULIUS SCHNADELBACH.Grand he had sixteen. acres although
, ; etc.,. culture or fertility, just good, Of this ,
'u rback'"or even the more comely honest 1 feed and care. Bay Ala.Paper 2j acres of it was what we

Berkshire,' Chesterwhite or Byfield, Now, to sum up my conclusions: call quicksand land and did not yield

i why,let those keep,thm who want to, i. I.. will have milk and eggs and Frames for Vegetables.Editor fifty pounds. In plowing down' the
and who will live largely on bacon. I hence cows, and chickens, and feed Farmer and Frult-Orowen last year's corn.beds there would be a
simply won't eat it and know that I'' for them. I noticed by your paper two weeks furrow left in the,.middle,- and in this

am. better for it; healthier, stronger, *2. Bermuda grass,the main reliancefor ago that Mr. John McDonald was furrow he strewed Wando fertilizer at

clearer minded(excuse seeming egot- a pasture or grazing grass, for all trying 'wooden boxes, covered and the .rate 'of 'r54 tons on the sixteen
ism) and have a better showing for stock. sunk into the ground, to grow vegeta. acres. Then' he bedded on that, put-

"-which we all are hastening. and feed green, pearl millet; and it made two paper frames to carry out' planted the Burr cotton seed, walking

.: : But to my subject. I have tried pays to have the ground.rich and cultivate an idea that occurred to me to protect right on top of the bed and not breaking .
,most of the forage crops talked or written well and plant a less amount plants from frost, worms, etc., and I it down. As soon as the plants

.. "f about during the last five or six and cut often before making joints, or have sent a pattern to you by mail for were up he aided them with :a half-

years:' Millets. Kaffir corn, teosinte, canes. your inspection. The ends are not sweep, and continued to do This way

,. ,flour Torn, rice, various,grasses, cow- 4. For the hay crop proper, crabgrass fastened together but my plan is to use every two weeks until the cotton was

I' ,.,peas-,. potatoes, cassava, etc., etc., I is hard to beat anywhere, North four small copper tacks to hold them, about twelve inches high or more.
'.'and have settled down to a few things. or South. as copper will not rust out. The paper Then we commenced splitting out the

Texas: ,bluegrass is decidedly no good 5. For supplementary winter feed, can be cut wider if more heightis middles, plowing over on our. cotton
t : with, me; and after repeated trials and cassava is good,for all farm stock and wanted or longer if to cover more every three weeks until the last of

r t- ; ,:. removals to various soils and locationsa perhaps for culinary use, but we have ground. It can be sunk into the June.
"" r: write "N. G." after it, and let it not learned to use or like it.as others ground if preferred, but I should put In breaking the ground, I should

:: alone. .jf. have. But it is good enough to warrant it on the surface and bank around a hive stated, we plowed very shallow,

|f. Kaffir corn has done well and is a place on every farm in Florida, little, and if afraid of frost have some say three inches. We made! about

t afair"eed crop if cut while yet green whether we like it. in puddings and square pieces of same paper to lay 8,675 pounds of seed cotton, of which,

..' and properly cured;' but I find pearl or custards or not., (Sub rosa. It is goodin over the top and put dirt on it to holdit I think, about 3 j( pounds would have
t cattail millet better and think really griddle cakes and as a substitutefor in place. The frame would be yielded a pound.of lint. I sold'as

4 c the best soiling crop for summer use Irish potatoes in "light bread.") enough, I think, to keep off any cold soon as picked, for I think it is not

as green feed. Flour corn is good Try it, farmers, and test it for your- wind and hold the sun-heat to warm' best to wait more than a month after

i' and does well,and makes abundance selves. the ground.: picking before selling. It' always

f: '. of good fodder and the best roasting 6. Flour corn is worthy a trial by The paper is not expensive. It:can I pleases the merchant to buy cotton

ears for green corn of any except the ,all. Hoping I have expressed myself be got of G F. Drew & Co., of Jack- early to pay for fertilizer, eic.

r regular sugar or sweet corns, and is plainly and that I will not appear dogmatic sonville, for $5 per roll of 500 square SUGAR CANE.I .

f.. much less subject to the ravages of I am ever yours for improvement feet, 36 inches wide, but of a better have tried three or four kinds of
*" that pest, the bud worm, so destructive S. BIGELOW. quality than sample. This cost $3 make to
and can more
will stand rainor sugar
to sweet corn. t roll. This paper
Raspberries.Editor I have had it lying the acre from the Mississippi Blue cane
and for
E i' But I find nothing, or no grass, Strawberries shine, and it than from any other kind. I made
devote Fanner aid Fruit Grower around my yard for six
that I think it profitable to seventeen barrels of
:' is time to give a top is sound as when new.I one year, 1887,
L land to as a continuous and only crop, Now a good as averaging forty gallons to the
.. as we were accustomed to in the North dressing of good manure to strawberries intended to make up a lot of themto syrup barrel, or 680 gallons! from one acre.

! for meadows. But here,comes in the and without! this dressing no full. use, but several weeks of sickness! We, used no fertilizer on our cane,
; law of compensation" and we can crop can be made. If you will examine prevented, but would like to have it though I believe in fertilizing land;
of it from a well grown plant now, others. In calling for the
t' make good hay and plenty young tried by but I'own about sixty head, of cattle
I have will find it full of soft bright roots. can for F.V.. Bird & Son's
I crabgrass, the best hay grass you paper and with these we cowpen our cane-
' .yet !founds and produce other remun- In fruiting time those same roots you roofing paper made in' East Walpole, land. If I had no cattle I could make
era'ive crops upon the same land. will find are hard with but little life. Mass. More costly paper is made in good cane with 600 pounds of-'Patap-
abused ,But will also see new ,roots; these somewhere.One .
f. Then .comes in the' much you New Jersey sco fertilizer to the acre. I have used
i. IJ but really excellent y Bermuda grass, run near the surface. These are the great advantage this 't'rost: and I it when I had no cattle.I .
real l ones that mature the work so well be- wind has is the convenienceof
f' the great, if not the only pasture protection always plant cane very shallow,
..grass.adapted to our soil and climate. gun by the now nearly dead roots. stowing it away when 'not in use, about the first of February. This.year

:t.:. w.? I got tired of hearing..the foolish and To do this successfully food must be by putting one on anothtt. as theyare we had 2'% acres. One acre was cow-
about Bermuda near at hand. And when this is with- light and take up but little
t childish! outcry grass very > penned last l year in time to plant sweet
being --'such a pest,tI. and "do you in reach instead of the fruit' getting room. potatoes on it; and this year was
rid of it," 'and all smaller, after the first few pickings, it while the
I ever expect to get CASSAVA... planted from the seed, x j :
kind ol
. _, such foolishness. I have had it about will increase in size. Any stubble-cane. From thIS
cooked Cassava roots acre was
of I have of late
'. cayrhouse a real well sodded yard, I manure, having a good percentage and find them fine eating acre we made last twelve barrels -
had'a in Florida potash and phosphates, will do. The with potatoes using i
since I yard fertilizer
',pearly ever, from of without any
tell them a good syrup
color bet can hardly
fruit will be .firmer and ;
.and would not be without it, and up the cowpennisg.
[ will be found beneficial Has any one tried to keep except
In fact this potato.
$now have an acre*or more planted) out ter. packing in After the 'cane is up I take an iron
after digging by
the roots
for a real l I will risk,its taking for all kinds of fruit and the of the row clo t
y I' pasture. the improve moist earth? If it can be.kept in any rake scalp top
*,* ;possession of the place. I am also I am' pleased to sea

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to.the'seed. Keep it.clean, 'and;aftera I away the laurels; and would do.the FRUIT-GROWER of the experiment and- .

good stand is up and suckered .aplenty same' for ducks and geese. And in,' Poultry, how it turned out, ,for we are looking'

I commenced putting some,dir I frost localities I believe it would' pay ..... ... .. for the easiest way to care for poultry J ,
.to the.cane with a half-sweep. I plow I to offer protection to such yards, as it Ideas ;: : E. W. AMSDEN.. : .a '
over it'every three weeks until July, will continue an indefinite 'growthlike on Feeding.Editor ",
farmer and Fruit Grower SUnder Ormond, Flo.,Jan. 6,189 L : .
then at, the last :plowing I have the the castor bean, when not cut the head Qf Proper Feedingof .

dirt lightly drawn up with a hoe. back by cold. One season's growth A Southern Broiler Farm. .

We had a sixteen inch sugar mill and gives an enormous,,stalk and_ a dense Poultry, Mr.. O. S. Bliss writes to I began the poultry business.a year .

a sixty-gallon ,kettle, and we made shade,if not planted too thick on the the N. Y.:' Tribune, and advances some ago last June, doing my" first year's

twenty.four barrels, averaging forty land. new ideas. We have quoted from his .hatching by kerosene and using, the'

one gallons each; making a barrel a I said, several months back, in the sayings several times, for he seems to same cheap heater for brooders; was

da y: Louisiana Planter, that my estimateon be original what he says on poultry obliged to buy most of my eggs from! ,.
every acre of matured Cassava, farmers and was bothered considerably
subjects. It was he who said that
well 40
fertilizedwellcultivated.was$5oo with infertile and bad
I plant and''use the White East In eggs.bu
in food for beasts and hens to one male produced a larger after
dia.I always bed in, time to get some simply man, passing through the usual experience -
draws early about April 'I 'commence fowls. I have produced and used it percentage of fertile eggs than a less of a beginner, alternating in' :
; for about twenty-five more or number and it his roasting and chilling chicks and
setting out first draws. I years, ; was belief that. 50, my ,
less, and ought to have learned some making all kinds of blunders while
prefer pieces of vines after fay,' and even 60, hens to one male would give
thing of its value. Starch and tapiocaare getting some valuable experience : I
them from the middle of
always use 98 cent fertile But his latest.is ; '
of the per eggs. still able
profitable products root. was to make twenty-four',percent
June until the middle of July.I .
have been' in Florida since 1861 On the place I now live on lack of feeding dry bran and meal instead on the capital invested, my first

and ,after the war I commenced farm-, land and the inconveniences of fertil of whole grain or soaked food of year in the poultry business. In tad

in izers have held me back from extensive any kind. The more water the food i dition to this, I start the year of 1891 ..
ing Bradford During '
county. planting. Still I have two or three contains the less it will absorb of the with forty Plymouth Rock pullets and"'
war I saw nearly all of Florida, and Ii
small of which animal secretions, so to a hens and the
cuts, one was plantedthis necessary' compliment.of .
selected the region around Hamptonas
winter and I have healthy digestion. The fowl does not and Pekin
two years ago, roosters, thirty-five ducks
choice. This is the home of
the my one enormous stalk three years old, chew its food and incorporate the saliva for my breeders, to furnish eggs'/or':/

orange.I with seeds maturing and the balls or into it as other animals do, but it the coming,season. I am making a,
will now sum the year's work
up burrs daily popping open like castor practically accomplishes the same results specialty of broilers, and find a good
of this:one man :
bean seeds, which the doves devouras in the manner it takes its drink. market fpr them in Atlanta, and other
Cotton sold to J. G. A. $556
55 The mandibles of fowl in
eagerly as they do cowpeas. Nota a are constant Southern cities, from January to
984 gallons syrup at 30 cts 295. 20 leaf even on the three-year old stalk motion when it is ,drinking, and drop I March, and from March to July I find'
Seed cane to plant *" acres oo
50 has ever been bitten by frost. This by drop the water goes into its crop, it pays to ship to Chicago markets,* in .
bushels of
335 potatoes. winter the thermometer has not fallen prepared not only to moisten the food this way commanding the highest ,
at.4o cts. ,. . '.
134.00 but to mix with it .
below 46 -a most important price paid for broilers This makes a ,
Cowpeas . "
i ; 5p0 of .
Let me whisper to folks over North agent digestion.He broiler season of six months, and
Watermelons-valued .at. 10 oo that on the elevated places in, the'lake says, for years, he has fed a keeps my incubatcrs running for ten

region the "below the frost mixture of dry wheat bran and corn months of the of
are places year; am using two .:
Total . $i .
050 75 meal and has had since
line, as the saying goes, but more never adopt- the Monarchs and shall soon have to
Besides the above Mr. Jones attended -
correctly above the frost line. On ing that practice a sick fowl. One increase the number of machines. .
to.sixty head of cattle. I,, think ,
leaving home last Monday morning great advantage he claims in feeding My total hatch for the year from June, .,
this is a good showing for one
pretty before daylight to take charge of my dry feed is that it'is a slow operation, 1889, to June 1890, was about 2,000.
and horse Florida
man one on pine
work on the Crooked Lake canal, f and ,the fowls are kept busy eating chicks and 100 Pekin ducks. I foundit
land-just about $50 an acre. passed over half a dozen elevationsand most of the time, affording them need- much more difficult to raise the '

J. W. SUTTON. depressions, seeing frost in the ful and healthful exercise. It will certainly young chicks and ducklings than it

Bradford county, Pia': low places but none in the high ones; keep them busy! but just where was to hatch them,. but I was very

,o&eeava. Froat- and Drainage.. and seeing .the first frost, too, that I the'eXercise comes in by a fowl stand much assisted in the former difficult

Editor Farmer ana Frmt-Orower. had seen in five years. "How's that?" ing at trough and pecking away it and uncertain task by your valuable J

Hoping that you will sympathizewith says one. Well, I live on a hill forty- dry bran is more than I can see. Then paper and books on poultry. In fact; .

me In repeated attempts to 'give five feet above the waters of Lake he claims that he can regulate the con- it would be impossible. for a beginner: _

instruction to the thousand and one Clinch-a spot free from old Jack's dition of his fowls better, and keep to make a success financially of raising

inquiries i about ,this remarkable root, teeth, so far;; limes, lemons guavas, them in good working order. If too poultry on a large scale, the first year,:.

I will presume to offer one more.article pineapples, etc never losing a leaf by fat I feed less meal and more bran," without the aid of a' first-class poultrypaper

to ,your excellent sheet, which I the: cold touch of his lips. But, returning and the reverse if not fat enough. It and reliable books, containing

hope:may be seen and read by, many to the Cassava, I will say, I would certainly be a labor-saving way the experience of old poultry raisers.

besides a California friend who has again, that I believe by care for a of feeding folws, and from the source jAs.'F. CLARKE, Marietta. Ga., in

lately sent me an inquiry about it.. month or two in winter that it can be from, whence it comes, I would advisea Poultry Keeper. ';"

Perhaps it may save many other private grown for family use,. if not for larger trial of it when you have two or ..*----- '. ,

inquiries, .and especially ch as profits, anywhere sweet cane will,pay. more pens; feed one the usual way Many PersonsAre
broken down from overwork or household n
and the other one dry feed a month,
his minus the for
.stamps 'postage. LAKE. cares Brown's Iron Bitters '
and results. But don't
'He wishes me to put him on track,of, compare forgetto rebuilds the system aids digestion removes excess
how to*procure the seed of it. Had The water has been falling about an tell the readers' of FARMER AND of bile,and cares malaria. Get the genuiasw;!
inch per day for ten days or more. ,
he sent me a certificate for fifty centsor
We will soon have the marsh dry if
one dollar I would soon have hada I
rains hold off, and soon a thousandacres
few stalks with a few matured seed
or more ready for and .
kernels on the through the
or way, rice. Truly U
mail, though I have not enough on S. W. CARSON.
hand to call attention to for its emolument -

He'says he has heard that it 'is CHOICE' POULTRY .

'good for; food:and for stock. Yes, oPIL

it'good for folks, good for horses and A .

mules,.good for cattle and hogs, good A'KD: COLLIE .8G4. : :: ,

and and forall domes. IsVAA QhslMAJlll I AffAfi |
for sheep goats While, Silver aud Golden Wyandottes; Far Ms DipstiII-IIIIfIIIM lB.PRICEL2lc
tic fowls that will eat the sweet: potato.A White and Barred Plymouth Rocks;. Light mm Kl % rilfl BWWl V HfVnl HB m

person said to me a few months ago, Brahman; White Silver, God! "the fattest chickens, I ever saw were'fed'on' PER &OX'
B. Polish; Silver and Back Hamburgs;
C asava'roots.." I have often
said' tHAt the, finest' fowl-yards in Brown nnd tt hits Leghorns; Houdans; B.B. Prepared only! bj THOS.BEEGJI.1I, StHelensLMiCs kirels kHt..'
led and PitGamea. Also,Gee,Duck*Ban-
the world cOuld be made in a Cassava B. Jr.ALLEN & CO.. Sole Aftnt* "
tame and G aim as In variety.I
patch. One half acre.on good fertilized FOE'Dir'rLH. STATES, S. A 967 CANAL: ST.'JHIT T4.. C;;
have the agency tor the Monitor Incubator -
\' land, either' -high or low, if not market. Who (if .your druggist floes, not keep them) will mail Bcecham's, ,
in the
the best and cheapest
\ low enough to be wet, if loose or ; Pill oa receipt: of price Jut inquire frst. (Please mention this paper.)j;:;
Addn U, C. c. PAINE, .
l loamy, picketed in, 'for.our fowl yard, .,;'
Federal Point,Fla- -
at about ten months' growth will bear "

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the last lingering element of romantic I American markets will probably soon Home Market for Oranges.On .

: 1.1G'RO foolishness which .has so .long ham. be flooded with injured fruit from more than one occasion have

-4 B rARMERSAUTANCIf pered it. When we come to acknowl- Spain and Italy. Either that, or else expressed our sincere belief that the
;fh RH'EI1 4 YMiM Auction doing
f. Tt8 '" edge that Florida has cold spells, and the fruit will be condemned at home Orange Company are
good work for Florida: growers. We
t .- JANUARY 15 1891. always will continue to ,have them. to and not shipped to America. In have also pointed out, with equal dis-

the end of the chapter, and govern either event the demand for the sound tinctness, our impression that the

" raSTEPHEN POWERS, Editor. ourselves accordingly: we shall be on fruit of Florida :will be enhanced in company are voluntarily imposing limitations -
: 'P. O. Address, Law ley, Fla., < their capacity for benefit-
the highway to better. things. 1 the end-will be wanted at better upon
: ting the growers by neglecting to publish
Subscribers, little later.If
in ordering their'papers prices; a .
:. : changed from one address to another,will,in We seem to be 'indebted to the an itemized catalogue of every
the growers insist on cutting sale. The people have responded to,
all Cues,please give both the post-office from
English for the best statistics in rela- '
which and the one to which,they desire the their crop without further delay, they the company's recent generous adver-
change. A failure to dp.so is often a source tion to both the Florida and Charleston should at least consider the advisa tising in a way which should be recip-

of great trouble 'to the mailing clerk and annoyance phosphates. We quoted lately rocated their admission into the
by ,
to the subscriber.. bility of shipping it to strong firms in
from the British company's confidence.
consul's report as to
the North, who are prepared to holdit
Publications Received.A The Mr. A, S. Mann,
the value and output of the South manager,
awhile in cold We believe
-> Treatise on Ramie,by 0. O. Kauffman; Carolina rock, and now we find some storage. probably has it in his power at this ;
this will assist in the
.. Males A HofeliDe,New Orleans. that solving moment to do more toward the build
Webs r's International interesting items'as to South Florida for Florida institution than
'Spec-Imen'page. orange problem, anyhow.By ing-up of this needed
Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, Springfield in circular issued
,I phosphates a by a cold storage here we do not mean a any other man in Florida could accom-
w B. C.of Agriculture; W.S.Powell,Baltimore British firm. During January, Feb- storage in ice rooms (which system plish. He argues that the, quality of
,Md., March and April 1889 the the fruit received by his company is,
ruary, ,. has been and found
weighed wanting),
:Seed Catalogue of J. M, Thorburn Co., 15 qf such a character as to impart to their-
-John St.,New York..U. shipments amounted to 4,574 tons, but in'' rooms regulated by registers labors a very perceptible coloring of

,' -.. 8. ,Department of Agriculture,Kx-Sta- and in the same months of 1890 to 'communicating with the outside air. philanthropy. But the Florida Fruit
t4oa Record for December, 1890.
5,745 tons. This was certainly not a of Florida the Exchange is more or less handicapped
MemoIr of Peter Henderson,by Alfred Hen-. But for a great part
> derson; Hollroy Emmett,N.Y. very rapid increase, but the past year best storage for a month yet is the in the same way, and yet they issue a
1 iLawtey r has been eminently one of preparationand catalogue of every auction, which is

':#: made her first "shipment"of tree itself. I forwarded to a large number of their
inception. They add : r e r
':-, ., strawberries January 13. The Orange,: Freights to be Guaranteed. patrons! if not'to every member of the
It will take time, and more time than some I.
association.An .
for the is fair and Under date of January 8th an order '
prospect.; growers people seem to think, to get these depositsinto
."\.;'.would be very good if they could get working order as many, of them have was promulgated that freights on or- I' auctioneer in Florida is appointed
". difficulties to contend within the way of selection I by the Governor and is licensed
.' the much-needed reduction in rates: and separation of qualities and trans- anges must be prepaid or guaranteedto and bonded by the municipality,which
portation. all interior points when passing '
.., facts area very substantial guaranteeof
ti Prof. E. Dubois, of Tallahassee, Lands have been bought by the tens of thou-' OYer the G.,.F.. & W. R. R. and the character; but there is no necessary

has been appointed State agent for the sands many of as acres 10,000,acres and in have several been bought instances in one as Ocean Steamship Line. This does not connection between his actual accepted

sale of the' White Diamond grape. section in order to secure :100: acresQtgood apply to any other steamer line or to bids and the company's returns of

phosphate land. Many or the_ tracts, .acquired sales, and a regular printed catalogue
; Send. for his new price list, including 'the all-rail line. It is understood that
are twenty or more from would supply this very necessary umbilical
a'. very large assortment of vines the railway, and -as the companies will not this order (which emanated from the cord.

tested in :Florida. build branches unless guaranteed certain an- .
O. S. S. Co.) has reference more r
nual quantities the proprietors have been offering -
r large quantities, on the European mar- ticularly to interior New England The Sub-Tropical Open.

.;',' Mr. Daniel Dennett, the agricultural ket,so that if they manage to get a house hereto points, on account of the exceptional Sub-Tropical managers will take the
--:' editor of the New Orleans Picayune, take such a contract they can thin go to Kingdom of Florida by storm. They
< the railroad companies and get a branch built, severity of the weather which has
died: recently. at Brookhaven,< Miss. will go out into the highways and by-:.
and borrow from bankers to commence
money in that section. Now
lately prevailed and compel the wayfarer ,to
Mr. Dennett has written for our con- !operations upon. ways
is a good time for testing the "frost come in. From Manatee to Micco-
rural for
temporary on subjects many Steady in Front I proof cars" which have been adver- sukie we really do not see how man,
_,: years, and his'articles have been prac- woman or child can afford not to seethe
-- tical and valuable because based large- Our advice to the orange growers "tised in New England; and it wouldbe : bill of, attractions they offer. -

would be not to be in particular a nice legal point to determine of Shetland
}"n. his personal experience. any From a hippodrome ) poniesto
.. .", hurry about getting rid pf their fruit. whether, if the companies have a the State Administration ; from Mr.
right to demand a guarantee, the ship.
James Island, near Charleston, The cold weather ''of the last two demanda Werner's "Wild West" scenery to"
have not also a right to "
pers which the
:,' ,seems to be just about far enough weeks-several sharp nights followingeach frost-proof car. the spiral tower, on
; daring acrobat will ascend and descend -
north and near enough to the salt wa- other at short intervals-has In Relation I to> Premiums. the cockle-stairs as if treading

,''ter to produce, the best attainable arti- created a state 'of apprehension A few of the premiums offered in the air ; from Gartland's band to the

i yt. ,cle.of Sea Island cotton' seed. Why amounting almost to demoralization.The our issue of October 23 have been alligators and the peacock-all will be

does,not some enterprising planter try fruit has been but very slightly withdrawn and some have been taken. there.

(b: 'a1 moderate application of salt to the touched with frost -We'are person, We write in advance of the grand
All the rest are still open to competi ball to be held on the
ground, to see if it would not improve ally familiar with a grove in the extreme masquerade ,
tion. We cannot give double premiums evening of the i5th, the opening day

;,..._tlie;crops,(and perhaps also the:seed), northern part of the' orange -one to the agent and one to the at which the youth and beauty of

as'it undoubtedly does the pineapple, belt, miles from any body of water subscriber. We give Whitner's "Gardening" Florida will chase the hours, with

asparagus rice and some other things. and without any forest protection,; in flying feet At the hour of this writing -
only to new subscribers who
j a> J the horticultural exhibit is being.
t m t which not an orange was frosted except
_' Onrorange groves hare donned their win- send in their own subscriptions. put in position and we have reason to
:: ter-..,rbIt; U not very ornamental to see on one 'diseased tree, where the \ believe it will be well selected. What

,.. .bi.kJsek, covered over everything, built fruit was weak and spiritless. Discrepancies in Market Reports.The it be we shall endeavor to
.deN'good all the same. 'The tests of last win- total receipts of oranges in New ever may
-' ter were .satisfactory' enough to. cause manyto We do not apprehend: serious injury give a faithful report of its quality
York reported as follows for the
city are
resort toll' again. We are all anxious to to Florida this winter.. The next week.

,profoee' beartag trees as ,early"as possible blizzards instead of bearing down ast'four weeks. In the first column The managers, of, whom Secretary:

aad with as little delay as possible. we give the statements of Sgobel & Adams is chief in act. and in interest,

'. We take the above from a Silver upon us: from the Mississippi valley, the of the Florida Fruit have determined to give" a representative -,
Day, agents
\i Spri jp,Park letter in the New Capitol. have gone down the,Atlantic,slope and exhibit of the products of the
and in the second column
This kas it should be; when our nur- swept over Europe. The; newspaper earth,and the waters, and in this cat

serymen and growers learn to acceptthe dispatches report much damage to the the statements of commission houses egory may fairly be i included the',Rev.

telegraphed to the Times-Union: Sam Jones, a true terra JHfvs( a son of
their of Valencia: but
it is and
.,' situatioli as protect orange groves M: Boxes Boxes the soil 'of free and democratic

..young: : 'trees in the winter,. then, and whether Jo the trees onto the fruit is Week ending Jan. 10.......... :35,460 s 51,917 America. -

,... ot;;until then, will the business of not stated. Doubtless 'the -latte'has Weekending u 4' Dec.** 2'1..42.100 3.... ... 22.700 -48,098 Who can stay away from Florida's.:

orange growing have been divested of suffered worst. In ,that case the M .t '..' .;.......--37,800 54,837 Sub-Tropical? ',':: ,. ,,] ,,'. ,> ..."
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State) ;Horticultural Society.,' will reduce their shipments for at least one maud continues limited. Arrivals and offerIngs ATLANTA MARKET. -

week. are not large, at the same time an easy
There is danger that this valuable _
Markets are not overstocked,there Is simply feeling prevails quotable: January 12rl80LOranges

association may fall into a ,dry rot. a slight lull In.the demand due mainly to Florida, desirable sizes, bright and ,choice, 9&50@i a box, and scarce. Cocoa-
The'pith and point of it have not yet bad weather. 1303.15 per box. nuts. 94.50@5 per 100. Persian dates. T88c.

laid hold of the popular apprehension.They Telegrams just In show an average of one Florida, good, f2A5i/2/ per box. Banan Currants asfancy,$25Q&50( per bunch(packed).
8c. New Valencia
will it is sale to-day, |180, and another, 12.25, mostly Florida, large, rough and green,$1.7 @2.25. raising 12Kc.}
never ; 1. not a popular large 'fruit. Florida Tangerines,cases of two boats quo- London layers, boxes, J2 0@2.75; half boxes,

body. It is a leader tie people, table at I39&50 for common to choice,to $2 for 1351.75, quarter boxes 85c. Citron,' 22}$($

and as such it must always necessarilystand off color, and In regular orange, boxes at$3.75 25c. Pines,none. Pears,5. Grapes,xnalaga.,

"in advance and more or 'less HOME MARKET REPORT.JACKSONVILLE @4.00. 900 per basket,S&50 per barrel.

aloof-from the masses. There's no Jan. 14, 1M1. Florida grape fruit slow at X50@2J5 per SAVANNAH MARKET. .

money in ii-" There may be ." millions The Orange and Vegetable Auction company box.Florida January,12, 1891. .
held the Navel oranges $3. 04 per box. UPLAND COTTON.Good m1ddllI C....,.JB/X/
of sales
in it one largest orange yesterday
: but you cannot get five In the history of Its business. The sale In filling orders fine selected fruit sells for Middling......................................l"i

cents out of It. A member may keep commenced 3 o'clock and the lots were rapIdly better n above prices. Low middling .........................11f>.$

his shoulders right up to the collar all knoced off until nearly 6 o'clock. Dur- Valencia cases are selling at$o@5 50. Good ordinary..............................TX .

his life.and all 'the money that will ing nearly three hours of continuous selling Japanese Mandarines-imported-In boxes Ordinary .....,.............. .TT.-?..?.....'.6 .
thousand of UO sell at about$191-25( ,but rule quiet. SEA ISLAND.-Choice............... 19 a1%
through his hands in several boxes were disposed of,yet
pass consequenceof but little over half the stock offered had been PurE APPLBS.-Are selling at $3@3.60 per Extra nne.............:.__...........1$ (J18%'
it will.be'. his annual membership dozen for choice Florida. Fine .....................................'173x$
reached,and It was found to be a physical 1m-
fee of one dollar paid into the treasu 'impossibility to get through It all In one day. WBEEBIESCalltornla strawberries Medium fine ........_....__.16} @1

ry. The harder he works for .the A large,number of buyers were present, and 'held for 25c a pint. They are slow. Qualitynot Medium. ....,.............................Id ((1 '

Horticultural Society the more likely the bidding was active. Prices were good, very good, berries being rather green. Common Georglas and Florida.. ..15 315%
VEGETABLES. FBUIT-Lemoni.-fair demand.
he is to die poor.'U The strong',sons considering existing glut In the great mar Messina .
CUCIWBXBS.-Quiet and prices irregular, 13.75(34.25.( Oranges-Florida, 12. 0(93( per box.
ket centers of .
of the world" offer premiums to them the country They were as follows -
owing to difference In Small
: Fancy,$2.25 to 12.75;brlghts.12 to$225; quality. com
for a display of their choicest fruits dull at boo dos.
mon, per Fair to good quota-
ordinary blights, $1.75 to $2; golden russets, QUESTIONS AND REPLIES:
and when that display: made-the $1.80 to$2.10; russets, L65tO $L90;Tangerines, ble at f l@i.50,choice sell at$2 and fancy In a ow

finest citrus exhibit that could'be collected -: $4 to$4.10; Mandarins, $123 to $.7S. small way bring more. All reasonable question,coming from a subscriber : -
EGG PLANT,-Louisiana selling at 65c@il.25 ,will be answered. promptly aa possible;'and
by any country on the"globe- per doz. Demand Is limited. without charge,if addressed to the editor at Lawtej.
the Replies can not be CiTeD by mall.
premiums are not paid. LETTUCE.-Louisiana bead lettuce, If fancy,
After the blind old bard of Scio's REPORT BY G. S. PALMER.
Is salable and
an occasional barrel, whey 14. SOUR ORANGE SEED. Good
rocky isle was, ,dead and his name NEW YORK Jan. 13, 1191. good enough, brings up to $3. 0$4(( but the rich & Johnston, Santa Barbara Cali

had become immortal, seven cities Receipts of oranges for the week closing today bulk Is merely good to poor, and this Is very fornia. Can you inform us of whom we
,51,917 boxes, the larger part of which are dull within the range of$l$3( and badly dam-
contended for the honor of his birth can probably buy to advantage some sour
large fruit. Small counts are in mest demand aged Is unsalable. seeds for
orange properly packed ship-
place. These men every year createa ,and the market rules very slow on the Nxw BEITS.-Are easier, for supply Is In- ment here for planting in nursery?

poem in their incomparable fruits, former' selected sizes selling at f3.2if; straight creasing. Choice fresh quotable at boo per We wrote to a party who bad formerly

and yet ,no city of Florida has contended lines $2.50 to 12.75; some fancy marks at $3; doz. In a small way, sales of fancy are for planted this seed, but he could not informus

.for the honor of their meeting- russets,$:.50 to$2.75; coarse fruit, i23; Tangerines shade over, and common .stock has te be where to procure it now Try W.. S. '

place. No invitation has been "$4 to$5; Mandarins, 2.50 to S3. shaded. Hart, Hawk s Park, Fla. .
V Vegetables better demand. Choice green P ABSLEY.-Louisiana parsley held at 25c
15. ADDRESS. C. P. F., Glen Ethel .
up to, this hour. peas,$3 to$4 per crate; string beans$1 to$250; per doz. bunches. It.Is reported as very slow Fla. The correspondent you refer to lives

There's no money in it." What tomatoes, $2.J5 to $2.75; cucumbers, 11.25 to sale. in Bowling Green, Fla. _

dots he know about money, that mild 12; beets, 1.50; egg plant,$3 to$4 per bbL ,RADISHES.-Quotably about 2530o( per doz. 16. MOST PROFITABLE SHEEP.

eyed man, whose clothes do ,not fit If SPA1ISJI.-8t.Loull choice. William H. Raynes, Tallahassee. As to
barrels slow sale at 75c
4 him too well he the question which is the more profitable '
any ( may even wear REPORT BY OLIVIT BROS. (@1l. .
overalls 'at his work!1)), who; spends Illinois boxes are plenty. Bulk are ordI- the Merino or the Southdown we
NEW YORK,Jan. 13, l891. should not want to give an unqualifiedopinion
hours in.speculating,over a bit of san- nary and dull. Obtainable at 25c and under.
Fancy bright oranges, $3.25; fancy (mixed without knowing the surroundings
guineous tracery in an orange? He will counts),$3; bright (mixed counts), 2.75 to $3; Real fine fresh, green and heavy packed at more fully.. If you will state somewhat -

contend with you about the sixteenthof russets, $2.23 to 12..5: ; Tangerles, $3 to fL60; the same.time will sell In a small way at 35 in detail the circumstances, soil,
an inch 'in ''the ''thiCkness, ,of the Mandarlans, $2 to ?2.0; beans, $1.50 to $2.60; a box.STRING climatic conditions, markets, prices of
Yet that peas, $3 to'$&Special to Time-Union. B&.Ufs.-Lllht receipts from Flor- wool and mutton, we will endeavor to
peel. man may develop a ida. Sales of bushel boxes slow at 23. discuss the matter to your satisfaction.
variety that will add a half dollar to Quality not very good,some are overgrownand
white. To close out sales have to be .
the value of box and contributemore may
every Chicago. The outlook is
REPORT BY REDFIELD & SON. made at shaded prices.TOMATOES. present
to the wealth of Florida than a 'the and
very good. plants are healthy
-New In 8-n boxes quiet at 75c@(
Flagler or a Disston. At any rate he The arrivals of Florida oranges are only moderate $L00. California 20-tt boxes $$1.5002)() according strong, and the reasonably cool weather

is an honorable, man,, he takes his 'wife ,but fully equal to the demand which Is to quality. has kept them from blooming prematurely

with, him, he pays his hotel bills, he rather limited at this time of the year. Large will as not they be did over last two-thirds year. The of what acreage ,

tells what he'knows it sizes,93's to ISO's,are very dull sale,and prices
you ( may help it was last year, but the grade of the
you in the art of money-getting), and ranging from $2 to $2.75 per box while the REPORT BY P. M. KIELY CO. fruit will be, probably, a good deal
smaller sizes, 17S's: to 250X are)n good demandat
he only comes once a year-this mild- prices ranging from$2.75 to$3, according to ST. Louis, Jan. 10, 1891. higher because have so many of the inferior
out this
the horticulturist. The orange market Is dead,dull and demoralized growers dropped year.
eyed man, quality, with a few extra brands of Indian There will of
be no shipment any.amount
might be worth while for the Legislature'to River, Orange Bend or Lake Panasoffkee largely on account of the large offerings for several weeks yet.
fruit high as$4. fruit Is ef the sour Valencia fruit which on
selling as Grape
devote $1,000 a year as premiums -, up 18. NUT CULTURE. William Bass
In good demand at prices ranging from $2.60to account of Its cheapness is catching the ma ,
for his oranges and pears, his $3 per box, and $4.50 to $5 per bbl. jority of the trade-notably the peddlers who Lowell Mass. Will present shortly an"

peaches, pecans and plums,'his.canned Mandarins very dull sale at prices ranging take It direct to the consumers. The purchaser article in our paper giving the details you

and Is disappointed, finding It so sour, he ask for.
evaporated fruits from $2.50 to $3; Tangerines selling, fairly well
will not touch another for week and 19. SO ERN.GROWNTOfATOSEED.
Is. from $4 to $5. The receipts of foreign lemons I orange a
THE MARKETS.: are heavy and prices ranging low which effects thus the Florida fruit suffers and remains un B. W. Stone& Co., Thomasville.
The is Ga. We do not know where
Valencia here
v the sale of Florida, the very finest only sold. orange cheaper yon oan
-. selling to$3. grades down as low as just now and for two weeks past than In New obtain this; we doubt if it Is iownJn
up poorer
strawberries Inquired York or New Orleans. Tangerines are the South for sale. Write to H.G.Hast
to $1.50 few
$1 a being
Quotations for Florida Fruits and { will equally slow and neglected at four to five dollars ings, Inlerlachen, Fla.
for and, 1 here, bring extreme prices.Choice
-' sound. California will --- .. .
box for -
Teffetablea. ,well ripened tomatoes will sell readilyat a oranges -

.. &50 per box, no sale for the green ones. soon appear, but the prices ruling now do Drew will shortly move his entire
.'.: .. ;: 's' Beans In better demand and,when choice,sell not justify shipping them to this city. The force of hands from Branford to His

REPORT BY FLORIDA FRUIT. EXCHANGE. readily from$50)to $3,ordinary stock, from California growers still wide, and the In buyers their or views speculators large mill at Columbia City. He "will
are apart on
11 to 11.50; squash and beets from $1.50 to $2
JACUONVII.U,Jan, 12,:1891: ;' per box; cukes from S3 to$.; eggplant per prices or values and the movement ef fruit run this mill day and night to fill 'several

If feve to report markets to-day In about' bbL,when sound,at from W41 to$6. thereby checked temporarily. While we havea 1 large orders. This will be quitea

the saae sfcApcas test reported:: great variety of early vegetables coming to loss to Branford, as he pays out

QaeUoM.re qaehanged but the situation us from New Orleans and vlclnltao"ch as cabbage about $20,000 a month for labor, etc. :
to-day eflaewbat uncertain.The weather cucumbers, cauliflower, beets, turnips,
>$ .
ee&ti&Bef tmfkvorable and price*'onfall 'but lettuce,carrotts etc..etc.. nothing of the kind Is

HlfeUy firtt-etaM, standard packed fruit are CHICAGO,Jan.f, 1891. has appeared from Florida yet. Mobile too is Lecsburgtr, Dec. 25 : A wagon ,

it unMealy. CALIFORNIA GBXEK FBUITS.-Supply reduced shipping very fine cabbage and some other load of watermelons was displayed foe- :

# It to tepowiWo: to'Soretell_the fut.re,he- ce to small quantity of pears, and they are green stuff. Tomatoes from the Bermudas are sale in front of Padgett's store
z we wi*sot here atteeipt to predict :whM the slow. coming and securing fine prices, $1.25 to $L60 grocery .
earreaweek. will brhg forth. Pears,Winter Helves per box....|S 668 75 per peck box. Prices however OD a11 other last Saturday. They' were viewed

r 1 PReM \&-day are better thaIIiauaily prevail Pears, Pound, per box.............. 2 SIi( 50 early stuff average low,too low Justify Florida with 'suspicious eyes'by the multitude,

at thta'partial**season yet not. as. good:ft* Pears,Gloat' Morceau,per box.... 4 69(1+.... shipping here at present. who seemed to regard the meloss as
we beped Fer." Pears, Glout Morceau, per boz.eomon..2' Extreme range for Florida oranges $2J5 to quite unfashionable at this season.

la list report we nffetted that..illpperlre- 50600( $3.50 per box,but sales are small and exceedingly But they-were all right and were grown
duel' tfeetr sWpmeats somewhat ''We BOW Pears,Easter Benrre._..........2 25 50OJLUOM.arke slow and have been since the lit of '. "
a repeat*tb s boa' and hope,r growers Is quiet and dull. Dew 'January. Grape fruit slow$3 to$3JO per box. byV..S.. Meeks, of Yalafca '? -

U .

r .

w ;l ,
$<'. "

," '. '.."" ',"". '

m ,


,. 't:,' .
'. ,

.. ... .
> .1. ; '

.. .-. -....

.Mum speciosumt "a.large and, when in if this plan is followed we will cease two to four awned: It grows in wasteor
SJ1del and. Lawn.fcs blossom, a very beautiful plant, com- to complain of failures in growing cultivated grounds in South Flori-:

-,- ..--..,.- --... """- mon in tanks and jheels everywhere: hardy bulbs in the Orange belt.:-MRS.JKNNIE da. .
.. in India. Bears in the Kot.season S. PERKINS in Mayflowor Bins bipinnata (Spanish Needles).

Last fall. we had an application i froma very large, double rose-colored, hand A tall, much branched:\ annual, two to
reader in Starke for seed of this vege- some flowers. It produces seed abun-. Some Troublesome Florida Weeds. five feet high. Leaves 'bipinnate;

taWe-or: vegetable pear, as:it fis some dantly fa curious, 'drooping, cone- No. 6. flowers yellow; achenia three or four: .
shaped seed-vessels. The seeds are awned. The- last three species are
times called and one of,ourtleading
[J. \
seed firms to whom: we applied for seed sown by inclosing them in a ball of most troublesome weeds on account of
and information could furnish neither. clay and throwing them into the Ambrosia artemisiafolia (Ragweed, the.achenia: adhering to the clothing;

Whp can':supply the seed? It,has: received water." Roman Wormweed' Hogweed, Bitter-_ Clean culture and the scythe used ,
numerous common' names, being ", weed). This is a. wellknown branch- freely to prevent their going to seed .
known ,in one part of the country Hardy Bulbs in Florida:: ing annual growing from two to five must be thoroughly persevered in'to'

as vegetable pear, in another as rairlt- Florists usually recommend: hardy. feet high in cultivated grounds over a diminish their numbers. _
ton, "i in still another chocho, this bulbs ,to be allowed to freeze slightly, great extent of country. It also often
being its West Indian name. In once, before giving them their winter grows i in waste grounds. The leavesare
covering of leaves.or whatever else is twice pinnatifid, the lower ones
Charleston it is generally called the
ruaaifig',mango or simply the'mango; put over the soil where they are set. opposite.,and the upper ones alternate The Voice c
and much confusion has resulted from It is the custom here to set hya and sometimes entire. The sterile ,
its mention under these different cinths, tulips etc.,. in boxes or pots, flowers are borne in terminal racemes,

p.pella.tions. Is easily injured-the slightest irritation ol :
and keep them in a sheltered place while the fertile clus-
ones are single
s .. Its botanical name is the throat or larynx at once affecting Its :
given,by.one.authority as stthium tdult.Fo.r until their blooming season. Whatever tered in the.axils of the upper leaves. tone, flexibility power.: All effurts to
benefit of cold rains or frosts we The fruit is nearly globose and armed sing or speak In public, under such comll- '
it would be 1
a common name as lions, become not ';'
only painful but danprr-
'" have,during our winters they are kept with'6 short teeth. Good cultivation
well probably'to adopt,the AVest Indian ous, and should be strictly avoided until !'>
designation, chocho." In the from sharing. They are not planted while the crop is being raised must be every symptom Is 'removed. To effect "a".'.(01...,.:
in and speedy cure no other medicine Is equal to
West 'ladies'it is not only esteemed out an open thoroughly en- thoroughly done where this weed has
riched soil in the early fall and allowedto got a foothold. After the crop is removed .
a:; an article of human food but has a ,
great reputation: for 'fattening stock. experience all the cold that our if the land can be closely pastured Ayer'sCherry

The,root is large and fleshy, resembling winters can possibly furnish, and given by horses before the plants go
/ the common yam when cooked the same care and culture as ,in the to seed, and such plants as are missed Pectoral
States north of us. by horses are cut with the scythe or .
=ED. -
In the winter of 1886 I had a bulb hoe, this weed can be greatly dimin- The best of anodynes,this preparation rap
Idly soothes kilt tlon,strengthens the delicate -
Iron for Fruit Trees.Last of the tulip Gesneria, planted i in a box ished in quantity. I examined an or- << organs of speech,and restoes the voice .
fall we copied an.item from the.Fc of rich earth which was/frozen duringthe ange' grove last summer where this to its tone and power. No singer or'public '

Rural Press,as to the remarka extraordinary cold of that year. It weed grew. There were two horses speaker, the.should famous be actress without, certifies It. Lydia: "Thompson Ayer'. .
ble effect produced on some plum I bloomed in the spring and for a long running in, the grove and I noticed Cherry Pectoral has been of very great ser
trees, we believe, in the orchards of'a I while "its beauty made me glad,"and that they had cropped as much of this vice to me It Improves and strengthensthe
subscriber in the Vacaville region.At ., i ever since I have sighed for a' bed of weed as they had of twelve other kinds cure voice of colds, and and Is coughs.always" effective for the, ,

one of the meetings of the American I tulips like that one. I ha.yeo doubt put together, in the same grove. "Upon several occasions I have suffered ...
... .Institute Farmers' Club. Mr. that ice-water applied to them in the Surely this was an easy way to partially from colds, causing hoarseness and entire
Wagner, who, lives: on Long Island,. growing season, or ice wrapped in saw exterminate a noxious weed. loss of voice.any affection In my of profession the voice of or an throatIs auctioneer 1 p
' about, fifty miles east of New York, dust put on top of the earth that con-' Where the land cannot be pastured by a serious matter, but at each attack,.!? ,
exhibited some prunings from his tains them, would work wonders in horses, then use the scythe freely after have been relieved by a few doses of Ayer's '.-
orchard,to illustrate.the effect !of put- producing blooms on the so often disappointing ,the crops are removed. Cherry care Pectoral.,has worked This such"sMagical remedy, with ordinary -':'"

tiflg iron around the trees., ,He took hardy ,bulbs. Xanthium strumarium (Cocklebur,
an old;place with twenty trees in .the During the winter we often use Clotbur, Clot-weed, Small Burdock). Effect {
orchard, full of,dead limbs and,yellow warm water for our tropical plants, This noxious weed is so wellknownthat
leaves and the crotches oozing with even hot water on our Callas, and the it scarcely needs description. It that I have suffered very In little I Inconven ".'
ience. I have also used It my family,with ;
gum. He gave the, earth: a top result is very satisfyingDoubtless has branching (often spotted) stems excellent results, In coughs, colds, &c.- f
dressing 'of' iron, breaking up old the one freeze that our hardy bulbs from one to five feet high, with oval Wm.H. Quartly,Mlnlaton,Australia.

plows f: and: ,staves ,and, scattering the need can readily be supplied by arti fruit which is armed with hooked I "was In the prostrated spring of by 1M3 a,severe at Portsmouth attack of,Va.typhoid /' '
fragments. The, ;effect was marvel- ficial means as well. There are few prickles. It is an annual, growing in pneumonia. My physicians exhausted _
ous. The trees renewed their:'youth persons to whom ice is not accessiblein waste and l cultivated grounds. The their remedies*and for 'one year I was not ,
and; grew. strong and thrifty. The winter or summer, ''in South Florida, i most.important! point is to, prevent its vice able of to Dr.even Shaw articulate tried a Ayer's word. Cherry By the Pectoral ad-
bark became tight and ',the leaves where ice factories are fOun4.in every going to seed. Last summer I saw a and to my surprise and great Joy,.hi.
greep,. and the borers disappeared.' considerable town, and where the thrifty patch of this weed in an orange less than one month I could converse easily,'
of iron furnaces in the Some of the five In a natural tone of voice. I continued to
He thinks the slag country people indulge luxury grove. plants were
Improve and have become since a well man.
ground up and spread on the: soil i in of ice, at very cheap rates, at, all sea- and a half feet high before they were I have often recommended the Pectoral,and .'
orchards would prove a valuable,fertil sons. Moreover, exposure to the oc- in,blossom. A half hour's work with have never known-It to fail/-George E."
izer/for.: fruit trees of .all,.kinds. casional frosts that, visit our section'' the scythe would have prevented a sin- Lawrence,Valparaiso, led. .
would doubtless be sufficient to make gle plant from going to seed till after
Water Lilies them bloom in a ;satisfactory manner, the rainy season was-over, so that the Ayer's' Cherry Pectoral "
;The growing ,lilies ,in, .Florida in if the ground had been previously ina land could have been plowed and ev- ,
artificial ponds of cement in tubsor good condition and the bulbs set in ery weed destroyed. Yet I presumethe PIlEl'AJtZD BY
'tanks'is no difficult matter; all'that early autumn. owner of the grove preferred to go
is required.in the winter isto, keep.the Many of the Florida readers of the fishing and let that mat of cocklebursgo DR. J. C. AVER & CO., Lows, Ms !.

water from running ,off or eY po at- J/jjT&KW have, like myself, made exasperating to seed to spending half an hour's Bold by all Druggist Prlca$1; .Jx boWa,t B. '.' nHORTICULTURAL' "
ing. The Nclumbium luteum or yellow, failures with hardy bulbs time killing them with the scythe, or
water,bean, sometimes called ,the yellow and'resolved each time to improve so crippling them as to prevent their
'chestnut, is a native of the lakes upon our former eflorts, yet have de- going to seed. :!!

aad.still waters of Florida! ,with flow layed until the proper season was past.It Widens frondosa, (Pitchforks, Bur- SUPPLIES. We.uaJt:
; .ersfiveotsix inches in diameter., The is now near: the time when ,we Marigold, ,Beggar-ticks). A branch- TOOa.S'aa4 KVttT o18eep8ea AM Ks1HORTICULTtiRAL
roots.5hould be obtained from their should procure our ,stock of hardy ing annual, two to five feet high, with Oar SpeW Cir III r.....gees s$ S. d ...
u"... 8eD4 also for oar Sued Mo.
native habitat. as early in spring as, bulbs for'fall planting; and I can say opposite pinnately divided leaves. The p.;spdII,..",.. Bqpl circular: FIEf to mold
J possibje! or, at least before they have of a truth that sends out seeds (achenia) are flattened, and are c.Hlete SEED CATALOGUE A. STOKES dobldsbedJOHNSON

made much growth. Take any tub the 'finest .I havek ever seen; whoever armed with two downwardly barbed e1sad$1e.e .ek4ts* PlHUfJpfcU.P, *
or cask, say eighteen inches,in depth, procures, them will be satisfied ,that awns which adhere to the clothing. It f
putj good rich loam or muck to the. they'contain great possibilities. I intend grows in cultivated and waste groundsand

depth,of, six or eight ,inches, ,i in ,which to make a determined effort to is a vile weed.Widens .
plant the roots, barely covering them, successfully grow them, and hope leucantha ,(White-flowered 'SlCKlVE'.Llllllrtlrtli
aad,fill,the cask with water, replen- others who read this ,will also try Spanish Needles). A'tall, branching .
."" iDg[;iit(as it wastes by,evaporation giving all the culture and fertilizerthey plant, three to five feet high, with

' 7raiinger1 in his "Manual of Gardealfar :-: would bestow. upon the early leaves three to five, divided and oppo- toSPASXS a:. mod lib .te eebi.dwill
Bengal and Upper India,". vegetables so successfully grown here site. The heads of .flowers have five VNU ..Tbo. .best FAH r N+>ni CS l tar this"' ''' _F (.
.... .
says;of another Variety, the Ne/ m. for the Northern'markets.' I'.J feel. ''sure. '.white .rays.. .The seeds (achenia) are Ism.7..tD..udn'\"et'bat ibe lanais: ...a. .E, .
i' n


1'Jr A
.r' .. p ,.y
i x





.. -
a ---
ounces of"It'water. for freckles moistena '* :Acidity: of theStomach.This THE GLORY OF MAN

Our Rural Jiome,1 cloth with the lotion, wipe the:face :condition is due to germs, and

and the cure lies in getting rid of the germs. STRENGTH VITALITY''
\ f -H& two'or three times'daily, at night
-- ------------ -- -- stomach
Growing Like our Thoughts.In apply some kind of ointment, cold Germs of fermentation in the carbonic How, Lost! How Regained,

the issue of the Ia'dies'; ( 'cream.or cariiph6r i ice* A Very nice produce' first alcohol, then :

holiday Ella Wheeler,- Wilcoxhasl ointment is made from one-third white acid, and then acetic acid. A person tTi. ,

Home Journal troubled ivith..this form of dyspepsia
melt the
'! sh'for'usah wax and two thirds lard; war of
li tsvcry womanly first and add the lard pourinto small should be careful to take only such articles IfEKNQ1YTHYiE
I wish that one of you may ; development .
every do favor the
tin moulds which have been dipped in of food as not
try to realize during the new year that and thus starve them
cold water. The freckles and tan germs,
you are growing hour by hour day by disappear in about two.weeks. Pimples Dut Another thing:to do is to wash :' '
day week by week, month by month drinking ,
should be bathed several times a the germs out of the by
and year by year, to be like ,your Blackheads flour of sul freely of hot water before, .meals THE SCIENCE OF LIFEA
,Whatever are thinking day. require Scientific and Standard Popular: Medical!: Treatise
thoughts. you phur used after the lotion treatment. If[ food is put into a stomach alreadysour on the Errors ofYoathPrem&turtDecl1neNerToaa
I most about, however secretly of of course fermentation will beset and Physical Debility,Imparities of the Blood.
The lotion should be applied two or ,
unknown to those,about you, you arebecoming
immediately. Some
the persons
three days before commencing up
If fretting
in soul. are
you their
r sulphur treatment. The face shouldbe notice that as soon as they eat
over household matters constantly, third important
The -
Do not stomachs become sour.
washed with good soap. MISERIESResulting
and worrying over trifles,. your : scented the white thing to du is to stimulate the I
use the high- soaps;
like little .
J sharp
thoughts are Castile made from olive-oil and bicarbonate stomach; to.make more gastric juice, from Folly,Vice,Ignorance,Excess or
scraping away and reducing your which is natural ,antisceptic and Overtaxation RnerT theMarriedorsocthe victim
size. If of soda, is always safe to a for Work,Business, & .
souls to half their original and fermentation, and also hast Avoid wukilltul pretenders. Poueaa: this great
are hiding selfish and j alousthQughtsi i use. Wipe ,the face thoroughly prevents be work.. It contains 300pagea,royal 8.o. Beautiful
you dip: a soft flannel in the flour of, sul ,: absorption.: The glands may binding,embossed,fall rut.- Prtc only 11.00 by
your breast, they are form stimulated by applying hot fomentations mall,postpaid,concealed In plain wrapper. Uci
soul} which phur and rub all over the face, takingcare dative Prospectus Free,If you now. The
ing a green mold over your in the, 'In a to the'stomach for half an hour distinguished anthor,Wm. H. Parker: )(.IX, re-
1 will cause it to wither and ,decay. If not to get any eyes. close*of meal] ceired the GOLD AND JEWELLED MEDAL
after the a ,
with the mmediately Association for
few minutes wash off soap from the National Medical
are entertaining sad, despondentand rubber ESSAY .. NERVOUS mud
you shut- and water and bathe with the lotion. )r, easier I still by wearing a thus PHYSICAL PRIZE DEBILIT YJr.Parkerand corps

gloomy thoughts, they are The be used twice,or gag filled with hot water directly over of Assistant Physicians may be consulted, confidentially
soul in. box where is sulphur may at the oMe. of
ting your a blackheads he stomach for half an hour or an by mail or In person
slowly suffocating.; week will lour. Heat is a natural stimulant, "Xo.4 Bulflnch tit.,Boston,BlaBa.,to whom all
Perhaps, you will ,tell,.rrie that your removed; : once.a ill effects orders for books or letters for advice akoold ke'
off ind there are no possible .
be t sufficient to keep them using i1r ted as abort.RAILWAY
circumstances and surroundings ren
from its use in this way.-Good,Health.
for to do other the lotion once a day.
der it impossible ,
Where the skin is coarse.and red a E.T.V.&G.
than to fret and ,be, ',despond.
worry, '
made from oatmeal for Heart ,Neuralgia
thin; gruel should be Cure
ent. I tell you it is not so. Remem-
ber that if no one in the world was I and strained. To a pint of gruel Angina pectoris (agony of the SYSTEM. i.

cheerful save those who had nothing add a very small pinch of ,salt, an hest: ) carries off many people, one of Two Fast Trains Every Day to the '

about there would be no ounce of alcohol and a teaspoonful of whom, according to the newspapers, '
to worry and ,E t..
West &
benzoin. Moisten the face North, .
cheerful people. The most cheerful tincture of vas the:novelist, the Rev. E. P. Roe,

and unselfish woman I ever saw was one with this,and wipe with a soft cloth. who expired in one day because of its CORRECTED TO Ohio Daylight

who had sorrow and worries enoughfor ,When the complexion is thick and :rushing anguish.: Major.General November- 18."80 I ROUTE. r S laLLyJacUoDyWe Express.
U, If&: W Ky II wpm 7 w.mLY
a dozen lives. ily i wash. with. Italian medicated soap,. reorge B. McClellan] according to tltepub1ished Callahan S.F a: W Ny 8 M P m '7 15 a"m mLvwapcrou
your use the,sulphur once a week and the of that time likewise< S.Fa: WRy 1140pm 1040amAr 15&m;
You can.change the nature .of reports LTJNUP E'J! V &GRY: 120am
Out of door exercise Macon E 'I'. Va: 0 Ry I 41 am.ro p m
thoughts if you are willing to ,try. lotion daily. s ccumbed'after 24 hours of uncon LT Macon ETVAORy: Wam 710pmr'
should, be taken every day and fre trollable how these patient! Atlanta E T,VkORy 10M.m 1040pmLT ... .
pain. Just II to
No matter if your heart seems weighed Atlanta E T.V k ORy 11 OOam 6 mAr
warm baths, with a little am- treated I unable to bu Rome E T,V a::0 Ry Wpm 200am
the quent were am say
down with trouble, sayto yourself Chattanooga E T.V aORy: I 5 Wpm 613 a m
first thing-in,the morning, and over monia in the water. Fresh fruit should Dr. Richardson, of London, long be MB LYChattanoog& 8&C aC: 800pm 320am 200am 5 JSpm 801pm'ArLexngton 'i roam

and over during the day, "God, in be eaten judiciously. A dish of raw fore General McClellan's death, had 8 ac419am XC: lOOam l OOam 140am 850pmArClnclnnatt 620pmLv

the original word, meant good. God tomatoes, with shivered ice over them, received a prize of 25,000 francs from Chattanooga Q A C Route 615 P m 7 ro a m
if eaten for breakfast, will be found the Medicine in Paris for LT Burghs I u.SOu.DIT. I S 25 a maIO l p m
rules-there is nothing for me to fear.11No Academy \r LoulSYtUe 1 Lou sou DIT. 725 a m 115 p m
matter how.gloomy feel say,, not only appetizing but as beneficial having discovered an almost infallible LTRomfil ET.VAO Ry 155pm 240am '
you E T.V&ORy 4 US pm 610 a mArEnoxville
if it Cleveland
"I am cheerful, joyous, contented!" as_a liver pill. Bad breath, comes remedy for angina pectoris by the ad E T,V&0 Ry 633pm 755amAr
be cured )1orrlJtowu E T Va: 0 Ry 110 P m tO:! a mAr
from sore throat, may by ministration in small doses of i-ioo tc r
Say it over and over, and all at once Paint Reek ETV&GIty: 952pm 1i07amL.
solution of chlorate of potash -- I .Paint Rock R&D Ry t sa: p m 1113 a m
making a nitro-glycerine
will find new thoughts enlarging 1-25 of a grain, Ar Hot Springs nADRy 1010 pm 1124 a mAr
you soul and changing ;life. .. a teaspoonful of crystals to a This discovery entitles Dr. Richardson AlheTtlle R a: D By 11 85 pm 13 49 p m
your your M A C Div. 8 00 p m 710 a m
Be of good cheer, and may this .be pint of water. Dose, a teaspoonfulevery I to the never-ending gratitude of every LT'11attanooga Decatur I)f a C Dlv. ,1215am 11 :!On'u
until relieved. Where the afflicted : Ar Memphis MA eDIT 6 CiO a m l 140 pm
hour child
Christmas of resolution to to suffering man, woman or
a you and carries Pullman
found lives on one of God'i teeth are decayed, they should betaken with angina pectoris. I know a num or omo Mann sleeper Jacksonville to Cincinnati PullmanSleepers
laws care of by a competent.dentist; in the ber of persons who always carry tablets Louisville Chattanooga and Knoxvllle to to Memphis.Ashenile.Chattanooga Connects at.

great time the mouth may be rinsed with them and Kome with Pullman sleeper, arriving Philadelphia '
I mean of nitro-glycerine 10-JSOp' m..via Harrlsburg. and at Cleveland with
Bits of Information that Some Good wjth a very weak solution of ,permanganate I am equally'certain that all these peo. breper, arriving Washington Ma'p.m,via Lynch-

Housekeepers Will Appreciate.. of potash. Dissolve some, of j pie, by the use of nitroglycerine, an Chattanooga DAYLIGHT Chattanooga EXPRESS carries to Memphis Sleepers Chattanoogato Macon to

Freckles, pimples) blackheads,.,eyebrows the crystals-say a teaspoonful-in a living in comparative comfort, whc : Cincinnati Connects Atlanta to at Knoxvllle Knoxrllle and with Knorvllle Pullman to

.that meet, and superfluous'hair pint of water; put enough of this' in would otherwise have fallen under the Sleepers lot[ springs.,arriving New York 1 30: p.m,via Barrteburg.*'

are defects easily and, cheaply remedied the: water in which the mouth is to be insupportable torture of that form OJ route RATES and TO the THE scenery EAST Is are unexcelled.as low u by any all ran-

There ;are many ways of removing rinsed to make it a rose-pink. Wash heart neuralgia, the most dreadful of COMPLETE INFORMATION cheerfully furnished.

freckles. One is: 'To a quart the teeth and rinse the mouth well all'pains.-N. Y.; Graphic. Apply FRANK to Ticket JOLLY.Agents of connecting WU JONBS.DiaL lines. ,or to

of buttermilk add two-thirds'a cup'fulof This is a poison and should be kept ina 73 Pass W. Bray Stn, Jacksonville Tray Pau.Fla. Agent, .;

corn meal and a teaspoonful( safe place, as should the corrosive B.W.WRENN CHAS. W. EIGHT. .

salt; bathe the face every night, allowing sublimate lotion, which ,is a violent Gen Knoxvllle Pais.andTkt.Agt,Tenn. AUt.Gen.Pass.Atlanta AgU Oa.: '

the mixture to dry in: ,Lemon poison if swallowed. When the gUmsare /

juice in .water will remove them, ,but diseased, the myrrh and chalk dentifrice Day Line--St.Johns.River .

it leaves the skin tender that( they ,is excellent Except Sunday

are apt to increased? ,: by it. Moist Eyebrows that meet are not becoming BTB.ELIZA HANCOCK leave Jacksonville, .
for Hlbernla.Magnoll,
foot MAin p.m.
ening the face'and putting on ::pow but may be easily removed with Green Cove Spring, Plcolata; Federal Feint,

dered is small tweezers., The shape of the Orange Mills'and Palatka J.A&TM PalAtka .
saltpetre highlyrecommended. connects at Green Cove Spring forM .
be improved by judi--: Arrive at Jaek soeTHie.:" .:;
Tincture of benzoin one ounce eyebrows may e rote and Santa re. ,
the 12:3" .m.,assuring.&117 canneetteaa fertke ;;,
water done pint, makes a delightful l cious thinning. When eyebrows North p and W.st, EV.H. POST,G*&.A gt.,
application tablespoonful is added are;too thin, frequent brushing, with a E.,W. EBBKTTS, 'OB Beard.' -
th GoodSRQWfTS 100 W BayS, ____
to'a.oowlful of water. small'brush will increase' m

Freckles,' tanand-pimple"S may be Houstkttiinr. DIRECT SALES.Amcsnojr Fancy Pineapple Sllp* .,-

removed (and will stay:removed : ,FRUIT AID VECIITABLK GBOWXXS Send for Price List to ; :
,as the. remedy is.used.). by IRON : _
corrosive sublimate lotion. The, formuk Cares"IndIp5Uon,Biliousness,Dyspepa!*,Mala- The No.3 Cutaway 4-feet wide,-at$13.50:cash circulars with JOHN B.BEACH, Melbcmrn, Ffcu\ "".
warehouse.' Send for
':Pbrti- Pull stock In
Debility. order.
and '
is Five of corrosive sub- via Nervousness E. 8. HUBBARI State Agent < Indian River Nunerie*,
: grains dBj reeeaa d it. Alldeakrs sell it."Gear' federal Point,Fla. .

l lime__*,.,..,two.. ,,ouaces. I.L.. *of.alcohol,...... ..... ,l."';and$ ..;four")It ,_" trade' rkandOroedredU. UofWThpPCt.. Ma+TM'...;.. .' : ; )" '

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:: ...4. t%/ The" Farmers Alliance.. .:< ; J.

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VOL. V. / ""Agriculture is the Basis of Wealth." No 3.

,.'1'OM.SAWYBR, . Staff Contributor.
to the duties of Alliancemanshow
an SPECIAL CROPS AND GENERAL for the support of schools, and county,
to the rest of the world that we FAR"lUNG. and
What to'do In.180L State, is worth,more to the State
are sincerely and in
patriotically earn-
than one pays $50. It means, in
Brethren of. the Farmers' Alliance
est.This Making- Money vs. Making' Living short, that a gimlet will bore a .bigger
make this
..suppose'we a 'year'of will
practical year be a critical period' '. hole than a 2-inch When
: .. l progress in Alliance matters. with the Farmers' Alliance. If we Editor Alllanc old auger.
Department.I Sgets to going he does all the
'We cannot stand still on a slippery are right, then it is our to
duty cling spent Christmas with old Squash- talking, so I only listened. He kept
hillside, and.if we do.notgo forwardwe to the order and enforce its doctrines.If head. Some of remember
you may right on. .
will certainly slip back. Thereare we are wrong, then the sooner we him as the bald-headed plowjogger ; "If those fellowsjwho have always
no matters; of politics thatneed: in- find it out the better for all of
us. that annoyed me so by his absurd talk been boring with a gimlet like it and
terfere with-us this year, and we may We think we are right and until
when I was in the railroading business. are satisfied with the hole they are
keep perfectly cool, trusting to the shown
the contrary we propose to use But dismissed I and if think
my partner was so making, they a gimlet
wisdom of the next Congress to give .
Farmers' Alliance as a mighty instrument have quit railroading and I said better their
as adapted to capacity
the such relief seek. In '
as we,
country of good. I went over to old Squash-head's to than an. auger i it will no doubt be
the meantime let us make our homes
homelike TOM SAWYER. see him and help him eat some of his safer for them to steadfastly adhere to
more and ,our farms morefarm' .
fat roosters, Bermuda onions, Blood the use of the gimlet.
like. We will never get any relief California State Alliance.
jelly etc.I "With all due deference
.' oranges, guava to Mr.
by growling', but we' must help The California State Alliance, a found the old fellow in good humor Sutton, I think that Florida needs more

ourselves and;try toput every hour new organization, unanimously, adopted I as he had just come in with a practical farmers with capital. It

advaatageously. ,Keep the social.and the following 'resolutions : Thatwe bag full of quails and full of enthu- needs men 'who' have brains and capi-

agricultural' features of the order prominently view: with disfavor any attempt to siasm over the work of a young Irish tal to grow crops that will bring'some

before the people. Let usencourage' advance the interest of candidates''for setter which he is just breaking. money into the State. Florida has al

our lame brethren,who are offices before this Alliance; especially Strange, isn't it, that a man of three- ready "farmers of small means" out

r dragging along behind, d let us be- for the high position of President of score,will fool away valuable time in of all proportion to those who have
gin by :enthusing ourselves. We
this republic, and we can assure the that way. capital and skill to judiciously use it.

really have much to be' thankful for. people that the farmers of this nationare He is a strong Alliance man, too, "Why, bless you, I ship more pro
True it is, some of-us have pretty hard
not looking for a Caesar or Cromwell and of to duce in and disburse
course we soon got talking bring more
times but consider how much
worse of millionaires, but for-a Cmcin- Alliance and farming generally and money therefor than all the "farmersof
matters might be. If we,give all l of natus and when he is found will I
we the teachings of our agricultural small means" in four square miles .
our attention to parties we will certainly know him by the character he bears
papers. Now I am out of railroadingand around me. I have cleared up and
,develop a mighty crop of dem and the work he has performed ; thatat only I he into since
who will lead us into trouble., farming, supposed brought bearing I came to
agogues the dictation
.a foreign money would cease, with his Florida of
worrying me unaccountable 150 acres orange grove
It is right and that
very proper power our currency has been de- I and
idiosyncrasies. sup brought the money to the State
should discuss both and
men measures stroyed, and a bonded' indebtednessmade posed the Alliance his and and
was gospel paid it out here. I bring into
at all times when it.is in order to do
to take its place, whereby untold the FARMER AND FRUIT GROWER his the State in,every year for the produce -
so. but we must find time to discuss
!millions of .interest have: been Bible. but he cut away at them iust shipped 'more than
money. .. a.
finance, commerce, ,and agriculture forced from the hands of honest toil, 'as mercilessly 1 it railroad -
as was a $2,500 farmer is worth, including
entirely distinct from politics.We .
partisan while commerce has been made to when anything didn't suit him. crops and the land they grow on.
must be to forget whether
ready a languish, manufactures-cease, and all I once heard the Rev. Lyman Abbot And during the fifteen years I have
.. brother is a Republican or a Democratand
classes of industry and improvementmove (Beecher's lecture been here have '
look successor) on I been North seven
the economic
only to questions with uncertain and unsteady the Bible and he said it times
was a library teen spending my money. I
he may advance for the good of tread j' that the farms and lands
; public containing works'of revelation and
history, pay more taxes buy more goods-
oar order. If the question of tariff is
of the nation are passing with frightful fiction etc. mine host I
: Evidently employ more labor-I give more
discussed do not consider it in its
po rapidity into the possession of syndi- considers the FARMER AND FRUIT freight and passengers to the transpor-
litical bearings, but meet it and.,study
cates and foreign landlords,. thus GROWER that sort of a Bible, and tation companies-I pay bigger blacksmith .

it as men honestly desiring information breaking down the strongest bulwarksof when he came to the fiction he recog bills, bigger harness-maker,

and from your own conclusions! liberty-the independent home and nized it as readily in his Bible or in bigger sawmill bills than the fellow

wkhout the intervention of party bias. the, common school ; that the elective the Alliance as in an almanac. In with; the gimlet who "makes Floridahis
If the currency :question comes up franchise is fast debauched
being by looking over and commenting on this summer as well as his winter
comer it'.as ,men having'the. good of intimidation and bribery, and that the i journal, we came to the idea that a home," simply because he can't.ra: 5
the entire people heart, and do not saloon-the foul
octopus settler worth is worth
$2,500 more money enough to get away with i
wild over the of
.go vagaries some hydra head upreared in every peace- to the State than one worth $2 S',ooo. have been farming all my life-I have

dreamer who may really be paid to ful hamlet brings sorrow, discord and It happens to be, the case that old made it pay. I farm for pay and not
dream he does.
as destruction, and whose'slimy arms Squash-head is'one of the' latter for fun. I have personal vanity

Then, my ;brethren, if you attempt drag down every virtue, and strangle several 'times over. So I wondered enough, no one will dispute that, butI

:/ to discuss that measure known the, every industry-has become a dangerous what }he would say, and it came like, am not vain enough to think I can
"Sub Treasury bill," be sure that,, factor in well in
you politics, as as this: grow a little of everything and win

take the'subject and study it for,your morals; that one-half of our citizens, "Yes, I see.. That means that a man against the competition; of this age.

selves.\ We are too apt to take the ipst and that the very best and purest and : who is industrious, of good judgment, It is impossible for one man to excel

Moat of some plausible .fellow as both most law.abidtng-our own ,true wivesare and therefore successful, and who i in, everything, and if he spreads his .

law and :gospel. Because,some smart -- deprived of their rights guaranteed brings to the State his habits, his energies, mental and physical, over

writer asserts that the. 'measure is the i them by our great charter that brains and the result of his success in too many crops he will excel In none;

,ODe 'i inl needful to our country's says, "All just governments derive the shape of a fat bank account, is"of and if he.grows crops in the'produc:

prosperity you are not to make up their power from the consent of the less value to the State than one who tion of which he does not excel he is

your mind on his mere'say-so; and governed;i" and further still, have''we possibly may be, but never has been, bound to get ]left.,

because some shrewd politician cries seen that our State legislatures are, as successful. It means that men who "This world] moves'and it moves fast.

'out that it is 'a,, bad 'scheme and will a rule, composed(\ idlers and non- have failed to get, capital are more The,methods of production, manufacture

work,,evil to the country, you are still producers, and the Congressof the Nation honest, more capable, more useful than and trade constantly change.

.. to ,do your own thinking.: : :A people is, still filled with lawyers and those who have succeeded. It means Whoever is so wedded to old, habits

who hire their thinking done easily bankers, numerically the smallest class that a man who never has shown capacity and traditions that he ,cannot cbaage,

t) enslaved. We have paid 'other men of our community, giving them 'the is better ,than one :whose, capac too, is soon found behind. Agriculture -

too long already to think for us. absolute veto power of all legislation, ity for business has been proved. It .is no exception to this rule. 'The'

Brethren, we must ,keep our'orderup | which power'they have used for: the means',that a man without tools can do old farm where was; grown a bile

to ,the high standard of its"declara-i enrichment of the favored' few and the more work than a man with tools. It of everything has had its day. :.

ties of purposes," and by constant at-' impoverishment of the masses. means'that a man 'who pays $S.o&tax- "Grandmother's; ':ksittiB ig' 'see41es 3: '

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; J : iJ1Y'lf)" 1891], .THE FLORIDA DISPATCH;, FARMER AND .FJl'Qq-GROWER-: .. 51caaaot -

u _. _. .'- ,- .'-'-- ._-,-.-' .' ',-
compete against ,steel and ter. They don't want to milk the cows barrels,o( Irish potatoes, worth $4 a with an unusually high price. Andas
steam. 'The'old spinning wheel and and 'feed- the pigs ,and chickens and barrel, $384; 40 bushels of' corn, with this crop so 'with all 'others;
lobffi that made slaves of our mothers mules before they begin day's work. worth, with the corn shucks for fod- there was ';a' limit of distance be-
and tired" their ''arms are'silent, let us They don't want to:dp the same again der; $40; and, 300 bushels of sweet yond which it was considered not to
hope, for evermore., 'The old-time; after: they have done a day's work.' potatoes, worthiso: ; a total of $574 profit the grower to carry his productto
,drudgery from, 4 a. m..until 9 p.: m., They want" to go to bed before they are from a single acre of 'ordinary farm- market. Butter'could be carted
of the farm of ye olden ,time, is tired and lie !in bed till,they are rested, crops." farther than grain or hay from whichit
slowly, but steadily and inevitably, then.get up with physical powers equalto If that don't beat the Experimental was made. Smoked meats could be
giving way to ,a more modern and the work of the day ,and mental Station all,hollow ,you may have my brought from farther back than could
more systematic and profitable..way..; shrewdness enough to manage the chances for Governor Now, I;would flour or meal or grain.; But as a rule
"The successful farmer of'the: "future growing of crops successfully and economically really like some good-looking citizenof about fifty:.miles' was far enough away
will not do everything poorly but a few things well. The farming of the ably. They nee future, to be profitable, will producea work; more books and less grubhoe;i. but the short tourist-crop has blightedmy In those days farmers sought to raise
few crops of the highest excellence, more development of mind ,and less fondest hopes'and now I can only, more generally those crops upon which
by the use of highest skill' and most exhaustion of muscle. In short, they promise to call the most "successful they could l live-'that is, consume at
approved machinery and manures, need- to think more and work. less. man, "Colonel." TOM ,SAWYER.. home-than'in'these,days, when many
and that needs capital. He who ad> "'For, Just experience,tells.In every soil (I of our farm crops can be set down at
vocates the old mixed {farm; where the Thai those that think must govern those that- An: ,Alliance Man's Recollections of. our doors cheaper than we can' grow
work is never done and what: is doneis toll.' Farming Fifty Years Ago. the same-that is,. in comparison with
badly done, has his face to the rear "The small farmer is all right as near Editor"'Alliance Department: other, crops. It "was no uncommon
and not to the front. Too, long'an as he can be, but he will j join me in The reader'must not expect a care- thing, fifty years.ago, to see a patchof
adherence to this old idea accounts; ina bidding- "God speed" the 'time when ful resume of farming operations as flax, a. few sheep kept mainly for
great measure, for the agricultural he is transferred from the $2,500 to conducted over a considerable portion sake of the wool, a fattening beef or ,
depression of to-day. We don't keepup the $25,000 class. 'Does'a y' one object -, of the country; for such I could not two,,several hogs, a patch of buck-
with the procession. Other callings ? If so, tell,him for,me, that he is' give from personal knowledge as far wheat,a patch of pumpkins-or squashes,
are more wise, and take ,hold of better, adapted for driving: one mule back as fifty years from present date. one ,of broom corn, another of rye,
new and progressive ways. Why than, two.- That he is better 'fitted to Ten years later and I could do so. one'of oats, another,of wheat, one of
don't! farmers ? Fifty years .ago I use a gimlet than an auger:/. !Few persons as far backaS 1840 had potatoes, one of,turnips, some clover,
used to go to a shoemaker once a In this sort of a way the, old Squash. the Opportunity of traveling ,much some ,timothy and red-top, some pastureland -
year and get measured for a pair of head kept talking, and there_ is no about the country. Railroads, had a flock of turkeys, a goodlot -
3 cowhide boots. The shoemaker built harm in saying, that I sully endorsed\ been,iaidnn only' few places,and, their of common fowls, some geese or
them from beginning to end, all with' what'he said. It: is a' fact that as lines were very:short: with a few _ex- ducks, several cows, some young cat-
his own hand, and when, done they time wears on, there is more, and more c ptions, -scarc _ly over twenty miles tle, a team of horses, an ox' team, a
cost me the price of a week's: work.. need of capital to follow successfullythe in length, nor,were ,railroads at that colt' or'two,, an orchard, a goodly' gar
To-day I can buy a better pair, ready- business of agriculture. date'.:use4 for the .transportation of den arid 'a wood lot. In' this same
made, for the once of two days' work. The'man who followsone mule and farm products: to any extent worth part of the country in these latter
Why, ,? plows one acre a day can never ,com- naming.: Canals, were more .numerous years a quite, different state of thingsis
"There are no shoemakers now. In pete with one who, follows four abreast :; then than at present and largely to be- found. ,Railroads now are
,the great factories where shoes are and plows four acres a day. Hen t utilized for conveying farm productsto the great.c rriers and the farms teem
made :not one of the workmen can only does less work, but usually'the market, :navigable. ams and Water with other crops; appleorchards that
make a' shoe. They learn one singlepart work is done in an inferior manner; .t ways were the leading transportation covered ,nearly one-half of the land ,
asd learn it perfectly-absolutely resulting in inferior crops'"and diminished facilities.. Large; quantities of open (for crops have diminished in area '
perfectly.; Every part is thus rapidly profit. crop products were hauled by wagons to less than'one-fourth' their former
and perfectly made by the highest The tendency of agriculture in the for a distance often of one hundred extent, the dairy interest being extended -
! possible' skill. :The result is we_ buy direction of specialties; and to that it miles; and even for much l longer distances ( ,to:even more. than fill: the orchard
our shoes cheaper and the workersare must come. ,A man who'gives his ''not infrequently. Live animals loss:
better paid. The all.around shoemaker whole thought and capital l' to the ; such as horses, mules, cattle, As to,prices of farm products, some
has gone. Farming must come growth of.a few specialties can grow sheep and swine were driven over the few have advanced; but, on the whole,
to the same system. ,them at minimum of cost and maxi-- roads,,to market in large ,numbers the, change has been very''little., It is
"Why should I grow wheat whenI mum ,quantity and quality. Who sometimes for several hundreds of true that a dollar will purchase the
can at this moment pick from spreads his;thought and toil over- a vast I miles and occupying weeks of time farmer considerable more of some
one ,Tangerine tree .fruit enough number ,can reach perfection with upon* the route :I have heard drovers things than it would fifty years ago;;
rs to buy an acre? Why should I none, and as sure 'as you live, will be say they had been_ three and four but it is;a question if it_will procure
milk a cow when I can buy a firkinof lustily howling for "more currency per Iponths on the way. him any more of "those things he has
creamery butter for a bushel of capita," oblivious of the fact that he of As: I resided: a few miles west of need to exp nd'it for. -
Japanese persimmons ?' Why the broad acres and four-horse plowwill : New York city, a ,good opportunity The prices ,of products w re.far.
should I devote my land to corn whenI put on the market 100 bushels: presented itself to see immense-quantities more variable at:that time than at this,
can grow Bermuda onions enough bales and boxes to his one and roll ,of faim products passing en route for if from any.cause a shortage in the
on one acre to buy forty acres of another big wad of crisp greenbacksin I to the largest, market _towp in the locality occurred the prices advanced
corn'?' And .don't condemn Me- along with the $25,000. When United States. I have certainly seen considerably because of the difficultythat
Kinley for taxing foreigners 40 cents ever more money is put in circulationit fully one thousand animals pass in a ,arose in supplying the products
; per bushel for the privilege my will inevitably go into the pocketsof single day. And of wagons loaded wanted from a distance. Business
; onion market. I. don't condemn those who grow something sell, and with farm produce such as flour, fluctuations were of more frequent
F McKinley for protecting our cab not'to the flat wallet 'of the self meal. grain, meat, hides, peltries, occurrence then than in these l latter
bage, tomatoes, potatoes., from porting farmer. leather, dried fruits, butter, :cheese, years; wider markets and a more
foreign competition. ,But, I do condemn DUDLEY W.' ADAMS., lard, poultry, eggs, etc. A,hundred stable currency have aided in keeping
,our Florida Congressmenwho Tangerine, Orange Co.,Fla.,Jan. 3,189L or more would sometimes pass in a trade-and prices of products at more
failed to support, with, their day, pot a,few of which would have uniform' rates.; Labor Jhas been in .
votes,an increased protection on our Col. Ohlpiey'ff Wonderful Crop fou, large horses attached. ';For years better request and the 'farmer has
oranges.. Do I buy canned goods? Story. past nothing of this kind could* be found it necessary to pay more for the
Yes; 1 buy canned goods when there Speaking.of Irish potatoes remindsme .seen at the point referred: to;/or the labor he needed and thus, to utilize
is anything in cans that I want. Yesj of a story told by W.. D. Chipley railroads, now perform this service at a that labor.'more fully,and hieown: also.
I buy grain. The steamboat captainwill the man who had a love feast with another I less cost to the growers. Hay was a Labor-saving implement have aided
bring to,my wharf two sacks, of man called ,Call. Col. Chipleysays leading crop where I resided, andthousands.of the farmer to.grow: much-more of paying
shelled corn jind;take in pay one box :, "A.man in Tallahassee had prepared loads have !seen on the .crops at but little more of cost. It
of 'mockingbird! Navels. One Navel ..his acre of land and planted it way- to market, some of which were was forty-five: years ago when I first
tree will buy, more com than, I can in Irish potatoes in January, 1884. of more than; thirty hundred pounds saw a mowing machine. Soon after
raise on an acre. Why should I grow rn April he planted corn between the in, weight, and quite often would it that the McCormick reaper came into
cora? I am not sufficiently love rows of potatoes and dug the potatoes in take two,or .more days ,to market a use. Threshing:of grain was all df-ne
with poverty,and hard work to work May, which gave the last dressing to load and return' ready for another. by the.old-time flail at that time, since
for small pay when I can get big'pay., the,corn. In July he planted between Twenty-five ,thirty miles was about which the threshing iy horse-jHJwer
No; I'll tell you what's the matter. the corn rows sweetpotatoes Which the. outside,%range of distance ,that,it and 1 by;>> steam 'have 'worked .a*'.eat
Owr farmers will never prosper ,till he harvested .in November, and he was thought pay a, profit, to haul change wherever. any .considable'
'tfcey 4o lees,things and do: them bet- counted up his yield as follows':.' ''96' ,for market! unless in exceptional cases quantity. of grain is grown..,,_;Ithik
11Io. : T-'. .:. ") .
> "




-......". _.--:'!'...- .n --... _l, ._c., _,. :. ._ __.:_ '. :_ c '" '- _.:..... :'.... y .
4 .

.. .
--: / ; .
... if -, ::" : .,. .

54: _: -; THE: :_ ,?LORI'Dk:\DIJXMlWjMlER: AND FBtJET-GROWEB. [lJ nJAuT'15,1881.: __

it i is-.a safe ''statement to, make. that THE'AJIQENTINE' :FAlLXTBB.. cry for a Sub-treasury bill was not The annual report of the Buenos Ayres

nearly or quite twice the quantity of wrung from the oppressed farmers Stock an extraordinary Exchange Committee document.for the The year superficial 1168IB -

crop products ire now made to/ the The South American Scheme not a with ruin staring them in the face; it area of the building transactions

same.ground ai was the cue fifty years Parallel: the SubTreasuryBUI. was not asked for by them, but, was nave been so numerous and feverish for years

ago, except Oil mcwly-brokcn: land. : !thrust' upon them by the finance mongers past is something beyond conception, even
Better tillage..and heavier fertilizing: who poured money into the coun, In London. The enlarged and complete build
; Editor Alliance Department: Inc Is represented as occupying 5,110 square
have much impi'Qve4the'ciop. Does try obviously for their own gain and
: Some:time ago a writer in the DIsPATCH yards-that Is to say,If it be a square, each
whether tke farmers I not for the benefit of the
the reader: inquire drew attention:to 'this failure people. side of It Is 72 yards long',and the whole area
were more prosperous in. ,these days !: : Here then in the beginning we have, would cover a two-acre field and give sufficient -
it dreadful
pointing:to .as a. example to
two conditions. In l tot a of cricket., The number
than.at present I believe they were.. opposite one coun- room game
Now in issue
of .
all free-traders.
your of members appeared as 4,563 in the
They saved,little and were-less.:bur I try the farmers are stretching put their year
: December I8, appears an article In, question. The figure is. half as many,
incumb hands for of financial relief
taxes a measure
dened -
or ,
headed "A Sub-Treasury'Bill in South. again as the members of the London Stock
ranees. in the other an extravagant system is Exchange.
America.11" It evidently intended a ii
They livedmore largely upon.. 'their I i a :warning to the farmers of America thrust upon' them by, and for the ben No need to ask where the money
efit of a lot of financiers.The .
farm products, and were more careful who.have'eridorsed. the Sub-Treisury went with such a flock of cormorants
as to expenditures. ;Their:co:workersin I.bill as formulated by the FarmerS' Alliance second opposite' condition is around. How much is it likely the

the other industrial branches were and Industrial Union. As,the thatthe Argentine system was managed farmers got of it? I quote again:
not able to expend more largely'and picture"drawn of the financial ruin of( with borrowed money, for which
Of immense cultivable area included In
heavy interest had to be paid. TheEnglish
did therefore furnish
not an exampleof Argentine Republic, may frighten the Argentine Republic,not one per cent. is
Daily "It
extravagance such as we see.in many friends of the farmers' measure; says : was under tillage, and the money,which might
reckoned that in the the
these times; nor were official services as well as furnish arguments against it year 1889 have gone to draining and fencing lands, to
paid much above the farmers';learnings. to its enemies our earnest attention. interest on public and private ,Argen Improving farms,and to developing useful or
tine debt with reproductive works,has been sunk too largely
together personal ex
Whereas the officer# receives '
-day average; should be directed towards' ascertain '
In ornamental bricks and mortar.
three tines the fum.then given penditure.abroad, amounted to seven-
the of the failure
ing' causes Argentine ,
millions 1" The farmers No wonder the
teen sterling enraged people
'whatthe farmer liable,to obtainby,
or. how far' their of
discovering system 'of America ask for no borrowed broke into revolt and that Presi. .
his labor. Ore laborious :. open
Farming:was u> finance is identical with the fanners'proposed
: They ask to have issued to dent Celman barely escaped with his ;
in those? days;, but now ;it ismoreexacting system and how far they: areapart'or money.
them an amount of the of their
far dote attention and money
a, as dissimilar.No life.Such
anxious.care is:concerned. pfty years own,country commensurate with the is not at all' likely to be the
ago farming,was regarded: "both- honorable doubt the failure in Argentinewas real wealth they have produced, and result of the American farmers' legiti- '

and reliable as to a :livlihood due in a great measure ,to a system that.as other industries are protectedat mate demand. The fund they claim

In the later other industrial of apparently unlimited: lending the expense of the whole community will, under their own careful and economical
years, .pursuits :
and borrowing, and, as the DISPATCH thus be in
have obtained..the'aore'; honorable the farmers may justly control expended
regard and havcgiven t1t-yfork- rightly affirms: "This is an object'lesson and equitably be enabled to protect draining and fencing land," in im:

ers a hetter livlihood'and farmore; .-sub which cannot be too carefully: theirown industry.The proving their farms and in the produc
.' : studied by our citizens at the 'present third difference in the two tion of real wealth. It would occupy ,
stantial'gain.. .
time" B when' it proceeds to assert; schemes is that in Argentina there was too much space to show the course of
.Fifty years: ago farmingwasj:) uri- that:"The Sub scheme, does
-treasury granted, besides unlimited chattel reckless speculation following the in-
trammeled legislative 'd&crMinatios hot differ it essence from the national a practically unlimited land flux of all the borrowed of the
mortgage, money,
while these, later *
;during ; years bonds of the Argentine' Republic :
= mortgage mortgage. These mortgage bonds, dishonesty and stock jobbing and of
other industries have been 'fostered
or from its national pawn called ccdulas, could be put on the the fast and furious rush down hill to
and,nourished amd'protecte4 :by .l legislation shops," we must demur to this Very .market.and sold for what they would wreck and ruin, bringing with it, I am

operating adversely to the farming evident case of "begging the ques1'i fetch, the government guaranteeingthe I delighted to find, the fall of the houseof
Fifty,years \ interest; The farmers' Sub- ': Baring Bros., the prime mover and
was steadily advancing in volume of tiWe need not enter into a metaphysical t Treasury bill asks for no lunatic- ', chief cause of the'wreck of this fine

products and in expansion' ofarea'proportionate inquiry as to the "essence" of the, financing of this sort. Republic.And .
to the increase of our, people two schemes but we want to see by
Now the important question comes. all this misery, this ruin
while: during',the past ,few years to facts how''' far the
reference plain '
I Where did all the vast sum of bor- of families, this prospect beforean
the reverse.is.the-case: ; position of' the two peoples and, the. rowed money go to? In the answerto industrious people of havingto
Farming fiAt; years was more schemes of the two peoples are alike or'
ale ; this question lies very much of .toil year after year under a
inviting than it i is 'at present, and'yet; rc1different.And the more the two. the "essence" of the scheme. heavy load of debt and taxationhas

by right; there:is no reason why it systems are. compared the more I I take my information again from been brought upon them princi

should be.less inviting;now than:then. think we shall see' that their system is the Daily News, which reviews the i pally in order to satisfy the vulgar

The_farmers'_of'that day-camemore: in not our system, and that our; way work of a commission of inquiry into ambition of one' man-that the headof

contact with the consumers than is the will not be their ways. the state of Argentine finance, composed j j the house'of Baring might be created

case at this day, yet this, involved a It is'said in the DISPATCH that the of delegates from, England, a peer, with the title of Lord

loss of "time from production red was resources of the Argentine Republicare ,France and Germany. Nominallythe Revelstock; that he might outvie all

perhaps BO real advantage when fully limitless, that it has an energetic money was borrowed for the de- his associates in luxury and magnificence

'considered. All this, taken;, together, population, that 'it, was on the 'high, velopment of the country and the and be distinguished as one of

brings us to the conclusion that' farming road to a national prosperity almost, prosecution of public works (a, dangerously the chosen companions of a fat, greedy
ia this country, was more profitable Nithout-precedent. Its internal trade wide programme to begin debauched Prince. Do the farmers

half a.century ago, than now, at was increasing and its exports grow with), but practically it went to pay- of America propose to sell themselvesor

least, 'in its relation to other pursuits.. ing. Immigration was pouring in, ing off interest on old debts and the their country to any money "kings"for

_S". "R. steamship and railway communication surplus went into the, hands of specu any amount of gold? If they do

.-. multiplying and the_nation was ,stride lators and official operators on the they certainly deserve and will meet

FOR ,,DYSPEPSIA ing with giant strides along the-.path Buenos ,Ayres Boh or Stock Ex with, the fate of the Argentines. But

Use Horaferd'a Acid Phosphate. of prosperity. change. A goodly sum must have I know them better. Their Sub.Treasury

True, it does hot appear ,how far gone in the purchase of a splendid set Bill is not the Argentine system.Its .
DR.;.F JI.-Ww.Ty.: Hamilton,. Va., the farmers shared'in this "phenomenal" of jewels given to {me. Patti when promoters ,are honest workers and

says: / have, yard, it'frequently, and prosperity or whether it was she sang, 'at their opera house. Pre wealth producers, and not financial

aJtt&ys mtk mttf+ satisfactory' : rtsvlts.WrtMttg chiefly monopolized, as in this country, seated to her,. if remember right, by sharks; their motives are different:
it tfINIl. it for flrltllMmI: by the merchants, 'manufacturers' and_ the' President 'himself and said to be their,aims are different, and they need

dyspepsia an4 'venous compUc&fans rte financiers. But as the fanners are a more magnificent gift than from any have'no fear, if they exercise due deliberation "

n >sumngfr0m ofwr&rs,originating in the said to have owned more sheep than "crowned head." "Apart from corruption and wisdom! that they are

s&matk." '. Jtensidw. .,it_ invaluable.. ,:" in any other country in the:world,_and and speculation, the money at all likely'to meet with a similar fate.I .
i the wool export to have been in round obtained. in such profusion from may also say that when both sidesof .

THRE -FOOPHOLE numbers' 200,090,000; 'pounds, that Europe during the past five years, the case are fairly presented no one,

.DUGIlfTwO MIWUTJCS' their cattle trade with Europe was has been put into useless, /". t., ornamental -. having any regard for truth, can af." -
Tee oe&iBf direr- It immense, as'well as in beef and mutton rather than useful public buildings firm or reaffirm that the American

:other wlU bow' auger a H'e're.o will work and that,from( ,the pampas '9,000; ,' ;" Among these are enumerated farmers' Sub Treasury Bill and the Argentine *

r 'HtetlwoBly ''POM,bole 000bushels of fruit Were: exported: ; it government offices; monuments,.opera scheme are alike either : i in"

the differ din that lUolf will bytouchln empty would seem that the position of' the houses, theaters, etc. But the finestof I "essence" or in fact. "

a fw| pn&ff.-G' coast."Wile Argentine farmer was a' for differentone all was, of course, the temple of I before expressed my delight at the
qolek.jour Addre,. from that of the American farmer.' the god of money. Here is a descrip fall of the house of Baring, but ra. .tkis '

,OPKN. .CLOSED CHixnox 8prtaftel S&uJlrcJ.'oo.: Ohio.. I' We may conclude. therefore that 'the tion of it: I I I was a little "too previous:' MTh's::J

.: =- '_ )?.t

4i .-

... 1R




t house:of Baring will not fall,'the Bank he has declined to avail himself of any .

of England'supports'it and is "nurs of ,them, and at present the .word ,is Introducerotthe great and good ,
ing" its securities, ,and all the other being passed that he doesn't think Tutt'sPills: Payll.r E.rle.- -

banks are helping to prop it up. enough of the Alliance programme to BrilllaatCampbell GRAPES.
TNo matter how, many' Argentine sacrifice his ''independence of action. Herman Jaeger

families are ruined 1 the great banking This means that the Southern Democracy a.m.IWill man his valuable catalogue of, .tried.
'in the CUUC,01fSmJ.TIOJ Southern,finite free. Address,'
interest must be.upheld. 'sees a grave danger proposed -
third movement and it T.K7 .shone hare re** "* T. MtWBON.. Denlson Texas.
The whole_ subject of Argentine, party health oB Fleas+mtntlon this paper. liil-i
.vac.at io&* every tw aty tff
financing, its speculations, borrowing, means nothing else., The Democrats, \=.."=Tho tvtl, both ._taI as i
lemding and squandering, deserves: like the Republicans, are willing to' 1..a1t1..frolell

.your closest attention, as it presents a swallow any ord 'r or creed for votes j (MUTUAL.GONITIMTIII Important to Ieton.Growers..

,,**most"interesting and instructive lesson but. when there is*'danger that the aN tallay ad tenon.. 1'.* th* e.rrial .
will be reversed common ...* !..Tttt*Lire
order of swallowing
E. M. KING.Banana .- .HM Lar...1..4*ftaUilty Willtlri -
old steer :wide. It infr ar e.atOLBStnt '4. ,
both the 'parties KUfaatly :
, :, ,Putnam county, ,Fla, PLANT ONLY PURE SEED.I .
'- P. S.-We may hear further complications .' took just such a huge event as the WIBI.tfMMERCIAL .
in Argentine if Mr.,Blaine'I Ocala convention to convince the I can supply Melon; Growers with
, backed its stock' Watermelon Seed of all
scheme is carried out. South that the Alliance, by pure
reciprocity U.IVE SII1. I
colored, wing of 600,000 voters, is too I CQLLEGE OF KENTUCKY standard.varieties, my own growth atlownF
, big a thing to be lugged away upon Awlrd At VetM't hroaldoa.I I market prices..
The National Banking- ..System.j. the shoulders of any"old party. The ", Beet.t..p1l..aeel.ea.Sbtt.laed.TrpVririve *- To those purchasing seed of me, I

u'i\re. you, then, Mr. Calhoun, anadvocate vigor with which the Southern papers' &UraM.. 11 W1LBDU uecb.n. 16,000 K.SMITH.Gr4 u4...Tlirph7*...(...a..i..'"*Uatht."....&A"-r'1000.-.J Ky Sitntt. .'..- will fu'nlih full particulars as to plantIng -

of State banks}"" are accusing the Alliance men of the fertilising cultivation, ttc.

f "No, I am not; but I ,would very Northwest with having come to Ocala Address_ ,

.. much prefer_State banks, whose power for no purpose but to kill the Democratic "MLESMEN WANTED W. M. GIRA.RDEA.Tjr,
to issue currency was, judiciously and party, shows how thoroughly 1 1-!t Moatleeile, Jla

wisely hedged about, to our present the South has learned its lesson and 1 U In preferred every::',$to noecnpted'reality ell oar II' raytngOatslts.. FARMER Zzclaslve -
f system ; but the wise course is i not to i it. will'take the Republicans;no longer territory and big wages to responsible the
Others ned not an w*r.We manufacture
go back_ to State banks, but to so to learn it, if, indeed, the.land slide of .new aen.TCn pM U"pray..fnr Vineyards and the CONSUMPTION.Ihlt

modify and popularize the present ; November 4 did not teach them the '.wtU...fMilo.,an,.100__thatatlrithe11qu1dantomatlcallyanl tras p.r fcovr. Writ.for'.rm.*t.ne*., U.&boM dlaae.t bylU

system of national banks as would I weight of the hand with which the) '.!'lB.'.....y.rZELD,FOZCl' CO.X.OCX70KT.R.Y.. 'use UIIKIMH&< | ei tuudy MM ol for the ward kind and of tone

.enable them to supply in every way Alliance can strike, and the necessityfor .': sta dalawnbaeos I wffl d.Mad Indeed TWO BOTIXJU trot*!nuwUhf.u'dLJI'fUUId" *my Wth

.the place of State banks,. at the same ( all parties to stand "from\, under.. 5TAUNTON MILITARY ACADEMY fort Ia tM s1Mef.that 11III mesa toad
;men and boys. For Jll'd catalogue and P.O.addlea.
time'enabling the government! through. The Farmers Alliance is between the "idrtM young,StauntoB Military Academy, Staua- Pearl Bc. N. Y.
them, to give us a uniform currency : devil and the deep sea, but it may 'IB, V*. :. ;

that would be as good'm Maine as in prove big enough to slay the devil

California. These banks, organized md swallow the sea.-Detroit Evening

r under national laws, could be madeas News. : 1.8 (tcor oxpTiox or TSX BRAIN}
.. PARE 1
local as if they :were organized t.

under State laws. The present national The Senatorial Quwtlon.ttltor ; Pnor.Pgurs' gyut dJjcorery,
i crUlnlr U.cured by
.banking system, so far as it con
: Alliance Department:
',fines the issuance of currency to gov- It was;with pleasure that I read a PAINE'S CELERY[ COMPOUND.Saved

1 /ernment bonds, is vicious,; but no few weeks ago in the Alliance depart .
more conservative banks Dear-I feel it my duty to tell you
or the
stronger nent of your paper the article om From the Insane
'?"have been organized in the, history Compound did Aaylum. prftlse it enough. About year ago my
ever in this State signed whAt Paine Celery
;senatorial question though I should be crazy. It wu caused by orerrtudy. -
of the world.Y"Modifications. U'Alliance.' It was an able, 'com* head.troubled I liked me the to advice that of It *two seemed doctor,litho gate me medicine to no effect! ,and I did not I
could be made whicl and emphatically' correc what I frouttdft. I did not want to ieo anyone;ent)1hlnllMD1e4 ao rtrange.
know -
prehensive yonradter-
.. would popularize} them and ,enable statement of :existing facts. had a tired,languid fceling,my kidneys I would troubled try th6 compound.jne,and I felt Before badlybead I had taken half ef one
.'them to supply to locality ir tliement In a paper And thought cured and I would recommend it to allthat
; every The time has most assuredly come Four bottles me
bottle I felt like a new perion. Rural: P.0.,Wb.
this country all the currency needed. when the Farmers' Alliance of Florida feel the way I did. Yours truly, MB* J. J:

We cannot effectively;handle the com. should have a voice in the .selection Physicians Pre.0rlbo It. flevS'n:-I. am much pleated pith broken i the,down>,action from ot
merce of the country without good of the men who make the law, ,Paine I Celery In those cases where the nervous good results system where the.patient had
banks. The fact is that banks and orer-work of mind or body I hare seen particularly four cases
which'they'are governed. Tha ,could not sleep nights etc. Thrt or
by lost all ambition,no appetite,constipated I''hare observed -
-.railroads are as essential; ItO ;commerce to exercise those rights ; of weak,emaciated,hysterical females hare bean cured with the Compound.
.. they propose better rest, increases appetite,regulates
farms.Southern gives
.as plows and wagons are to a fact that is most plainly apparent that It quiets excitable remedy to items build up broken-down CAMS generally. Tours truly,
Alliance farmer. the most casual student of bowels and Is a good R. C. EMOWCJr tt. D., JUtona,HL
,to even
ABPFOK, &CO., Frsp ltarllagtem,Vt.
I public affairs. It Is sold by all reliable dru btl.

,The Farmers Alliance. In the Time Union of 'recent date :I of worthless' imitation Of DIAMOND DYES.
The Farmers ;Alliance, ,is, between notice'that in an arti bearing' upoi .
the'devil and the (deep sea, 'if-we may this question the statement ''is .mad
in Florida is not iiolitics. : DIAMOND "D"
,, Relieve the party organs of the, coun- that "the Alliance
'\- try. Here, in the North, every Republican ) ." A greater 'mistake wa:; ;

paper says the late l Rational never made._ The majority of ,the l Hardwood Ashes'

meeting of the Alliance Ocala, Fla., members of the next General Assembly

showed plainly that the Alliance is are Alliancemen, and they propose in Rank at the had of the list for quality
of the the selection of the next United State
: nothing but a wing Democracy,
particularly since it adopted a resolution Senator choose a man who is thor And Take the Lead very"whet'.e.

.' inimical to the election bill. But oughly in sympathy with the reformsto ; They are obtained from mills manufacturing car and wagon timber and where no other
which the Alliance stands pledged. of hard woods. No other brand Is obtained from sources tbat In-
in the South the Democratic organ fuel Is used than the best
Hardwood Ashes will buy
Dollar In
are printing indignant articles, calling I.do not believe, and I am satisfied lure so uniform a quality. A Invested market.
.other fertilizer ou the
than In :
in food any
of Alliancemen actual plant
beware of the that the majority more
upon the Democracy to RESULTS
Farmers ,Alliance for, they say, it is the State will bear me out in the statement ,ACTUAL
convincing than mere theory l based upon
this that we have,ever had a. truer That are the outgrowth' experience Are more
too palpable,that organization, as formula,hence the grower who has proven to his own satis-
a whole, is in politics for one, object friend,or,one more in sympathy chemical analysis nnleached or a printed hardwood ashes will 'make a thrifty and productive craTe or

only, and that object is,the division ol our interests than John F" Dunn, ol action hard that on the pure lightest soil,and that,too,for less money: than by>> _any! ether means,will tea-
:3 the solid South. That this sentiment : Ocala, the,mati who we: ;,propose: 'shall or Ify to the merits this brand for he will at once recognize' ,la ,them the ".tro CIIV' ashes

.1has,: taken- a strong hold ,upon, the represent us in the Senate. le ever used. For prices,terms and other particulars,address, C E. DEPUY
-about ,
Southern Democrats there can be little The Alliance is in earnest
: : '7toektrll4' IeblpaGRAP.VINE .
redoubt;; and as one instance tending to this ; it'is .our fight and we propose tc !

.corroborate; it, the: case of)f General l wink it. The :imperative, duty jof ,securing -'
much needed legislation in .ui I
Gordon, Senator-elect: in Georgiamay:
understood ehalf could not devolve upon more ,
%:. be. cited. The Alliance men -
elected Senator able and conscientious man, one
that after being
;, _" jKe, would, join their:* order;, but ,although whose, ,;ability is only equaled by liis:

.:{: :they have ,made a,number of desire \o .benefit" his fellowmen.ONBOrTHlPSOPL.1> ; 1.1Metr_s .nt3rH. .-.=fttr, .C.elNse : _

.:.. dy opportunities forbiitdo: ; so, ..

-. ..

. ,...... .
.,.......:, :'- -,".. ',. ;,.' .. ...." : :-

". .


-.- :4-- i--. -- '


[JANUARY 16,,I89i
Tfce Result of an Experiment in Im-
years and the Cluster
1' Early is the best
provedCotton. ,variety he has ever'seen;, that he will s.oRokNsPRTcli( NEW SUBSCRIBERS -ONLY.]'

The .following -is, taken' from the make one-fourth: a;'bale more.to the J'f.GROWQ>

Vnion'own (AIL") Herald:, acre this'year with land planted with t F A RMrRr I fARMIRSAUTANCI BIGPremiumOffer

Mr., R. W. Drake, of :LanevilleJ; ,the cluster seed. t., T Y
has been a farmer all his fend
.l up :
Mr.- Drake
to 1884. he lost moneyevery.., is doinga; gteatjseryice !!
year for the,farmers.byxshowing'thaf with CHAS. W. DACOSTA, Publisher.
farming'on. the ldil,: etho 1.. ,
In 1884 he concluded to adopt the I proper attention; cotton raising; :can: _

intensive method, especially in rais be made.a: ;success;;. and 'thatjr' .too,. on Term, of Subscription:
ing cotton., He had common ordinary.ian ;no means to Not For six months ....... %..........*....__ .100w :JLORIDAistiatch. :
: only js he thatcotton:
procure__ ___ __fertilizer_ ,.so concluded. t to try proving Subscriptions In all cases cash in ad- Farmer and Fruit-Grower
!u. raising will but .) ,
ca...c. penment..mlmprovlDg the seed; i pay. Ir.. :Drake is vance,and r\f no paper continued after the ex-:
plratlon 41..1w -v\afri
and thereby,, ure a.vanetyof cotton succeeding' m other departments of Kates of Adyer-ulliit-i-tor. application. For one year and a copy of
suited 'to'ordinary farming. Het has a handsome'drove REMITTANCE should be made by Check,
.land.. Postal WWtnert
of Note,Money Order,or Registered Let Gardening in Florida
He secured the peerless.yarieti, and improved cattle and makes and ter,to order of ,

after the cotton matured. ,,.wentoyer: sells from 50 to 100 pounds of buttera FLORIDA AND DISPATCH FRUIT AND FARMER ALL FOB $a.OOIWhltner's

his field and selected the:finest,stalks, ,week, besides, raising i i poultry and GROWER.Jacksonville, Fla. -

both as to size,, fruit, and, ,early matu- vegetables of a1l1 kinds to sell. Gardening in Florida is a

rity, planted only these seed;, the next It is worth a trip out to his place to "CENT-A-WORD" COLUMN.To 250 handsomely pages,bt ing printed a comprehensive and bound treatiseon ,book of

year he. again :made. a similar selec-', see his farm and, tosee: that it is possible the vegetable and tropical products of

tion, and, has' kept it, up .every, year : to make every acre of ordinary Florida, by Prof J. N. Whitner, A. M.

since, until he. now has .a)cotton so land, without 'fertilizers, yield a bale ments insure must be Insertion accompanied in this by the Column money., adrerttoe- This book is much sought after for its

much improved on the original vari- of cotton' to the acre.. ;* :Soiithcrn Livt Advertisements _must not exceed titty words. practical information. ,

ety, that-he calls it the "Early.Clus- Stock Journal i:, :. .j \-, Postage Stamps recelred in payment. $2.4O buys the book and our
Count everr word,including for "
f Pr. '"' .. name'and address, paper one VAtt.
When he .started to, working the Semi-Tropical Niagara"Clrape .For Bale-Any quantity cassava 'canes This is certainly a grand offer. 'Send
same laBd,,witl the'san1e'cultivationm Prices. dollar per hundred feet. W. STOODON., (Naroo one- in orders at once.

1887, 'she made>38'bales';'in? 1888, The Niagara. grape' il.1" 'Southern For! Sale,FIa:200 bushels Alford cotton. seeds It C. W. DACOSTA,

46in 1889 53 bales I ;* arid: :this'.year Central Florida (Orange'county) was very flue; cotton only taken 3 120 to acre.; Jacksonville Fla.
he Price,$1 per bushel. W. O. HOBHX:, Glen St.
has already ginned and;packed 35 nearly a month 'later in starting last MUTt, Baker county,Fla. It $60.THE. S60.

bales', and 'npthirig/like i ,/ half ;:bf his spring than usual and_ W2S, therefore, Bearing orange I1'OveI'for sale cheap. For
crop has been-gathered. later particulars call on or address B A. BEMIS,
in reaching Northern markets. Oneco,'Manatee
county, Fla. 1-15-5, BEST IRRESPECTIVE OF PRICE.J.
Having lieard of Mrf 'Dralce's--suc- The first sHipment, however, sold Wanted-All in need of fertilizer to send for

.in-rai.siagcoUQI :,w ;:rode;.:put ,to in New York about the middle. of ,ALBERT sample and FRIES analysis,St.Nicholas.of my special mixture.

C- his home last Monday and went.over July, for 50 cents per, pound; but For Sale-Four-"ear dates,60 cents;two it
his farm with ]him. Heowns'ap.retty- I most of the subsequent shipments had year.old Tangerine buds;on one to two-Inch
stock fine,25 cents; Sweet Seville bud
place, and cultivates one; 'hundred to compete with South .Carolina five fleet high, well rooted and very stocky,, I

acres in cotton. His land is not as,fer- grapes, which 'were about up with the 20cents.Lake Wattle Other Nursery varieties,,.W.B.also WALKER for sale,.chfap.Mana

tile as the'average cane-brake land,anda average seasons in that State, and ger Auburndale, Fla. l-8-3t

bale to three acres was considered a prices were considerably reduced. trees For address Satsuma FBAKCIS orange and TBUJCBLOOD.Japan persimmon

good crop on?the land _before' lie ::began Still, the average net; price ,received ,Fla., M-4t,Archer,

improving: ,seed.., by Haynes, l'oung-& Bailey,'of;" Niagara Conte Headquarters,Kelsey Blood for ,two-year Chabot, Yellow branched J Le-,

He carried us over his crop and we Villa,*' Orange county, Florida, Golden Beauty and Slmonl Plums on Mari-pan
saw several acres that would ,' anna roots, from three to ten, feet high.
.make a was 25 cents per pound, and if toe, Marianna trees and cuttings. Pomegranates,
bale anda Half to the acre. fruit had ripened two or three weeks Figs, Umbrella China and Pecans treei. Ad-
dress,J.H. GIBARDEAU .
'He showed us a six acre patch from earlier, as in most seasons/.the: aver: ,Mon..lcelloiFla.1ft i .

wHich he packed :6 bales' the first age would have,been -40, cents per Cypress tanks and cisterns, all 'sizes; also
ncikin and it. is best and cheapest steam pump in the mar-
now as white Dound.,
as ket.
ddrelll!,FLORIDA Box/* R AOVWT ITir_.
snow. This' rather, leads our Concords TORY,center:am, na. n Z:2S'it.----
On one side ,of ditch his For sale or exchange for Northern J.
a neighbor Delawares-, Cat \\y as,- Niagaras, etc., two orange groves of five acres each property and CALHOUN & CO.,
had cotton that received two to three house and lot; or will '
as good, and some of them exchange: for orange 'JtXCIUS
per! ; DEALERS
if ,not, better cultivation, yet itwouldnot haps, four months later. We begin" Tampa grove north,Fla of Orlando. J.E. UBOVER.12-25-8t,'Port

make-over.a half bale to the acre, to. realize, that there is money in growing Beggar Weed seed,pure and free from chaff. NATIONAL TYPEWRITERAND
while he hid already gathered "a baleto Niagaras in Southern Florida.Ymeyardist. Quantity required per acre,.4 to 6 lb*.; price
.- per pound 2oc.. 10 pounds for$2. Add 10 cents
the acre. per pound extra if order Is shipped by mall.
Place orders at once with EXCELSIOR 8RED SUFJPiaKS,
The ,poor .,hillsides -4 ..
were so white FARM Jno. A. Germond, Manager,'Keuka,
with open bolls that we? belieVe' it St. Augustine Democrat: Itis Fla. W-25 52 3* West Bay Street

would have burned if touched off I learned that the Jacksonville Standard price WantedSour'orange to M. E. GILLETT seed.South Write Lake glvign Weir, JACKSOITVXLIiE. PIiOBZDA.

with a match, while the. top brancheswere :; will establish a bureau in this city, and Fla. 12-W-* '
loaded' down with green bolls. to that end have secured "file services city Lady and Canvassers vicinity also Wan one ted-For for every Jacksonville city and 1831 THE CULTIVATOR

Not'Qflly has this cotton the.advantage of E. J., Seymour, one, of the brightest only county used in Florida by;ladles,for good a ready selling. article .A.ND 18'91'
in : ; commission paid.
being-such a fine producer young men :in the profession. -The Address R. HKSSE, 101 West Springfield
without! 'tbe aid of fertilizers, but it Standard is a first-class japer; and will Street,Boston Mass. 12-11-71 Country GentlemanTHE
matures at least two weeks sooner; no doubt be an strictly Sale-Budded orange trees, large size,
extremely, lively competitor first-class, 20 to 40 cents. G HOWE,
than any other cotton and by the first .for the 21*U. here. Okahumka,Lake county Fla. 12-13-51 BEST O'TILEAGRICULTURAL
qyet .
of August it has- bottom WANTEDTwenty. thonu.nd Ae.1.TeadifTrees.
a and middle '.- .
____ r1I Correspondence with parties who WEEKLIES
crop 1U11JT maae and out of the reac The Pensacola can furnish sphagnum moss in car lots. :
of. News has receivedthe GIM.ETT BROS.,South Lake Weir,Fla. *'
champion : July 24,18aJ.Macartneroses. DEVOTED TO"arm :
It"does not brow avery large stalk make beautiful, Crops and
Thomas.Porter, of Grand evergreen Processes
but is : Ridge, Jack stock-proof hedges. Plants and cuttings for
every twig loaded 'with bolls son county. It was raised by Mr. A.J., sale. M. ONEILL, FaIrbank, Fla. 12-13-161 Horticulture & Fruit-Growing.
which, fairly cluster from, the. bottomto Dixon farmer of Grand FOB SALE: CHEAP-600 acres of splendid Llve-Stock and
the of the stalk., ,Ridge, and farming land within five miles of Jacksonville. -
top is 2 ,feet i inch.in' circumference and .. The llne.t tract of land in East Flor- The Subscription Price Is$2.50 per year,but
.Not only has Mr. Drake fQund,this weighs ida. Address Box 707,Jacksonville. Fla. we offer a SPECIAL REDUCTION In our
7% pounds. The leaves !*
to be'the best measured 11-13-*
lands' but His variety unimproved 2'7, ,inches in length., It. is dottes"Wanted to exchange-Pure"Golden Wyan- CLUB RATES FOR 1891! ,
neighbors have for White Wyandotte '
claimed that ,it is a fair sample of' Mr. Rocks or White Leghorns. Address., Plymouth TWO SUBSCRIPTIONS in nne remittance $4
the WK.U.
planted seed, the SIX SUBSCRIPTIONS.
say samething.. Dixon's ANDBUSS,Archer, Fla. 11-6* do do 10
.Mr. Frank Chambers the Specialty In TWELVE SUBSCRIPTIONS do do 18.
Foreign Vines.
manager Grape Chas
.To all NEW
*& subscribers
.. selas Lnttichan. for 1881,
for Garber Bros., says he plants several C. E. best marKet grape and by In advance now, '' paying
Smith has a Tangerine orange weeks the earliest in Florida.; Write for we will s od the paper ,
varieties! 'of cotton, but the Early' ree only five 'years old from which FLA catalogue. H. TON LTJTTICHATT. Earleton, January weekly,from lit,1891 the,without receipt of charge.the remittance,to ,.;'
10-26-Ht( t
Cluster he finds produces at least 'a' nine hundr noTeighty oranges were Panacea Asparagus roots. for fall planting.} ':' Speclmen copies free. Address i
fourth of a bale' more cotton I The best kind for rlorlda For sale at SI 00 LUTHER
; to, ,the picked this.season TUCKER A MON.,
and Publishers.
few huodred .
a per ,
more by A F. WOOD, Box 75,Jack 1141
acre. ,Mr. P./E.Kmox: ? the'manager r,, still remain on,, the tree. 1.lany'of f, sonville, Fla. 10-26-( Albany,N, Y, ,+
for:HOR. :,v. C. Tpasrtall,,says Jiefhas the budded PEAR TREES.-FOR LECONTE, GAR-
treespne old .
farmer It in-
this'section'for fifty well covered. TO B. W. PARTRIDGE
withtfruit'thisyear.;.* :, .- Monticello 10.28-e, Fla. t w.4 y.. b.44.. i a*I*
W 1K
$pOSu..CO.i a.r


r. ,
6 4

. ,, .- ,- ...><-...=.-.::::'-- "-" ... ... ti. f

'-'... ..
.' .>r .


. f


()k..p for: glass on -hotbeds, pointed sole agent of the Diamond White ,

cold frames,etc. Threes grades, Light,Median Grape Write Company me for special for Florida terms'and tor vineyard Georgia. SPECIAL, HIGH GRVDE COMPLETE MANURE

Heavy. planting. Great Inducements offered. .,
E.VBOI8,Tallahassee,"Fla. ,F.r Early and Late Vegetables.
For Florists, Gardariers, Tobacco

Growers, :etc. _g u J JIU'ClCI

Protect from frost, promote hardy.vigorous Q. 1 I''Jell( *Ir.
ee"g: J
growth. Will nut thrinfc or mildew. g.CI.. g..0
:- "
..g A t:tc qda :;O\ 1 eo
S.-!! 8JI51seClo

T lit pp.+".i .. i / .
.:w I"
For sale by,leading dry goods bouses,rends c wa",eCl ''
men,ftorfs'.s: : ,etc. For circulars and.sample ":=f
'ap-p4y- u. ;t.. ::= '


South 81.,.New. 'York, N,, .Yi oW :: 5 -

"', square Agent Also waterproof foot.ROGERS'wanted.. Covers from'2l{cents pet !::11J:1! : !:..1 '/ iy M ij :

_ '." ;: : : .- I, ? 4'


.. ...".oil ]
4 ::

'.Jam and Margurite.",. .7 .AwHw _


'-" =if.0.:!
-tc III
Faust sees Mar- tU: :CI goS
9 OtiJ Photograph of Potatoes raised on Bowker Fertilizers exclusively
urite for the first -:2rt-rt.:: :: .
; The Bowker Fertilizers won over another fertilizers in the 1889 potato contest";producing
time she is walking .sifi a crop'larger by seventy bnthels than thAt grown on any other fertilizer, stabl manure, .
as ...... :: or both combined,the yield being 738>)bushels,and taking the grand prize of 1II()).

= in the street and : The Bowker Fertilizers stand over $0 per cent. on a scale of 100

: '-. accosts her saying: liii'STRAWBERRIES. in Solubility; and Solubility in a Fertilizer means the Greatest Success -

"Fair lady,may I thus make free in Growing Crops.
To offer aad ?"
you my arm company.
In our Bowker Vegetable Grower we seek to combine In the proper proportions those
She replies as she leaves him : forms of plant-feed which produce a strong healthy plant; in a word,to properly feedthis.

"1 am no lady,am not fair, class of crops so that they will withstand disease and mature early. .
This .fertilizer, like Bowker' Orange Grower? Is manufactured from high grade
Can without escort Home repair. We make the original Virginia material, thoroughly mixed and screened by the aid of the most approved machinery. It
An illustrated Catalogue of all the '!spread farther and give more lasting results than ordinary fertilisers will act quickly,
Ventilated Fruit Carriers for and has been used successfully for potatoes beans, peas, cabbages, watennellons, canta
groups now published will be mailedon Strawberries and Tomatoes. If loupes,and all roots and vines
of Illustrated Pamphlets containing interesting reports sent free to any farmer who mentions
receipt; 10;cents. you want fancy prices for your this paper.BOWKER. '

The group will be, delivered free of Tomatoes them in No.
ship a
FERTILIZER CO. Boston and New York.A.
expense at any railroad ,station, on re 41 or a No. 42 Ventilated Carritr. .

ceipt"of the catalogue price. Early Strawberries in a No. 34 M. BOND, Agent for Florida, Jacksonville.THE .

n} JOHN ROGERS, or 36 Crate., Catalogues, prices
14 West 12th St.,New York.Up .'
and samples free on application.

w lPi ,PERRJE: ,HAVENS, Southside; Mfg.. Co.;

Leading Photographer M-8t _

Of(the State. Estimates on :_

., ..... :' V x, ,w IS
lo rlv&n ri CLASS. .
18x28! application. 12-4-4m'

Incorporated 1889 under the Laws of Maryland.The .

objects of this Order are to the bonds of Benlfleencs. Equity and Fidelity al
\white persons between the ages of unl\ln: ,who are socially le: to provide its mem-
lbrswithhemes; them when cook or disabled,! II
Life Insurance,I and to provide for their dependents in case of death. Pol- | Benefits for I
Iui! 1 Benefits. 'tive and direct Benefits comprise J.irzll'SUBAiCB,8iCX I Total Disability!
WINDMILLS """* with Trait (
UILDI1'lO.' Tlfl stoners art deposited r" 'osspanles..aewt)era are
Amply secured against every po.c. ..Ibilltyoflosa.! Its officers are bntl
Home Building
Force Pumpsr1ap4yCsrti ness men cf highest Integrity. THE BE5EVOLEHT EHDOWBE5T FRITEKSick -
Corn Slicers ; 51TT pays$.)M and 11,000 at the end of 7year;ill b0 and ,:26.00 sick benefits
Ear ..eekfr; $116 6 IB ease of total dUabinty .intur. ttuee years membership 1333.% In case of
tend for book d11D8tulllntormaUoD total disability after membersnlp. Pays for a Home costing from 11X00) to 15.000
lrM.ENTERPRISE et a tbr.eleara' ordinary monthly I rental. It the expiration of four
FOR 'ME CO. seven a member years can draw three-tenths the amount of (his or ber) certificate,and balance
of amount of certificate at expiration of the seventn'ear. IN THE EVE T OF DEATH
1Ii Sandwich ill- For each and every year of membership, *. amount of certificate will be
end and $ paid to the beueflclarr the event of a member's death,via: on evtDtb if a member one
eakaeaof Body year, two-sevenths a member two years,and In proportion for each year of membership.

1otI'f; ; . :...
s B w t* uciBcriufpED <
;;:;:;...alas oR ixs*rARTsor r. Enables its Members to Secure Somes.
M..+...'" ...IUItaC BOMB TRCATXtXT-Bra I.a 4f.few $! rtowf
ts Ml iMatM....relp C MlriM..Writ UeZ.B J devised in the of beneficial
.. ... B M4 pr..,!.tMrt(.MM)ar.* This feature is a marked advantage over anything yet way
uc faOHOAL CO., BUFFALO,M.Y advantages to the members of a co-operative. endowment organisation. Members of our' 4
'- noble order are raised from tenants to freeholders.
JKCAUSK TMV All[ Members cannot hold more tban six certificates at any one throe, and,except for the
; THE BEST.D. purpose of purchasing property, they shall not be allowed to take put more than one certificate
1m any one year.NATIONAL
M. Fuay&Go'sIBuitmed !
and Priced L.OBGK NO. Applicants who reside in localities where no Lodge
MACHINE. : exists,who have no settled residence or who cannot conveniently attend Lodge meetings,
SNUALFor1891 ] Join Katlooa' Lodge No.2,under the control of the officers of the supreme Lodge ,Such
CAn members shall not be required to attend Lodge meeting,but will'receive, their notices direct
wOlbetnaned FREEto secretary,and make their payments tohtm.
"hi Supreme
.Works on all applicants,and to Last season'scistomers. ]
either STANOIMTIMBER :- \ It Is better thaa ever. COST Or MEMBERSHIP.
', on Eva r person'using Gardtn rate. .
.I\IU ratite Half
STUMPS.Will Flowtrrr Field Sttds,- .............,....13.OO 1100' Supreme Medical Examiner'sFee.1.pDae. .
)' pull 4inb S i; :shoold. send for it. Address Entrance.for Current Fee Quarter.... H.0() Benefit Certificate........!.;,........:..'l.. 1.00AiiesamentaFn '.
"\. dinarr D. M. FERRY CO. | .
|,$UJO;hall'U6. r q r
MMES A6LtAN \Largest Seedsaeaia the world I Energetic and Responsible Organizers Wanted.

.WEEP,, Send for circulars and pamphlets containing full Information. Address, r
... .....' aM....... I
er. si ....... .. .:a
rod' a ft. Wash-
......Vaa.st .
:;..A_ .., YIU 1I&'lw".IUutrae4 lIac...... 1&wiD ...,_- .PATENTSTHOHA8P.8IMPSON fee Supreme Secretary,233 E._Baltimore St.,Northwest Comer of North,

...a.-. ,alelai..le' ... 16..i......taJL Nr aa....,... tU etv1sg, nntll P nt.obtained/ Write for Inventor's" .. BALTIMORE MARYLAND
'fifAIIftIW MILNE I A 10ft, IMttI MiAIR Gu t 4I. 1. .'>.;. .


; ; = "
.. '. .-


-V ,."'. ,< -' 1 ....... .
: tdt Z.ti '
511 ; v+3wYi1 >



Q fI '


,be 1"re 4 'Si;::: j 0 : Latest Designs in Parlor and Bedroom Suites in Antique Oak

:. jJOlJdeIJC >,, :' '7'tJ Mahogany, Cherry, Walnut and,Imitation Hall Stands,
r SoIiCIted. 8 Bed Lounges Willow, Reed and Rattan

;'. _. 40 Goods,' Desks of all Kinds and
;,'WE. SELf A'VU. Styles.
42 W. ,

j ,
: F=
Carpets, Mattings, Curtains_ Window Shades, Hanging.Lamps, China, and LA. ,
,V w:' Crockery Sets, Tin Toilet Sets, ,' Mirrors, Curtain Poles and Brackets.
'f r Hotels Boarding Houses, Shins, Steamers, Offices and Private Residences Furnished from Top to Bottom.
...Woen writing please mention this paper. ,". .
r -
-._'.. r .':
i 1"
# .' .-
:: ,

II : ::,ja[ .


'' :. : ;1. "r' !" 't t ,. ,
,,Simple. ..," ,," and. reliable. Gives greatest quantity of
.. ., water. 'for least expense. c ; ,"'
____ .:

,; JIlHI Hydraulic Engineer, .

., Agt. for Hall Steam Pumps, Root's Spiral Riveted Pipe and Fisher Governor.



: Jacksonville, Florida.

Dealers in and Manufacturers 'Of High Grade Fertilizers.

.1 Orange Tree and Truck Fertilizers. Cotton and Corn Fertilizers.

I' Jill. Grades' or Fertilizer Materials on Hand at Lowest Market Prices.
: ,We manufacture all our own p nods South Jacksonville. Our fertilizers are made,from the best materials.

; We hkyi' rece tly purchased the factory and good will of the South Florida Fertilizer Co., at Orlando, Fla.

't d J. ALEX. LITTLE, Secretary and Treasurer,
ST; .t" .

''I. ",

l II( Fish.and Potash "' Bone and G. L. TABER, Proprietor, Glen St. Mary, Fla.

"' Pare Fine Trees, 200 Varieties. All home It will
grown. pay you to
u, ':'Dry Ground Bone. ,us before purchasing elsewhere. Send lor catalogue and price list.,
i- I 11 Sulphate of prices on large lots.
.,,-; .
.,.!'Tobacco. Fertilizer: Sea, Fowl Guano Patent" U''r FOR PROFIT IN THE SOUTH. I oeoeoNIAGARA3BUD

Lime, Muriate" of Potash Nitrate of Soda, Kainit, '. Nvrsery LIST Co.FREE., TM.ma.. I
yj 11., G99Tf...
BRADLEY FERTILIZER ThMecnttiogtare all from bearing vine e
"OSGOOD" AU order mia be In by December J,I.
2.30 per 1OOO. Orden of J ,oco and'up '
B'C&TO :M:A.l5il5 ., 7 u.&8taD4ard wards Z per cent dlscooat.
SCALES State '*feau f<,r' the sale of NIAGARA
Branch Office, ,- TJGUST. ; 8ento.ttW& and GBKX* MOUWTAKH grape Tines.HAYNS3 .
,, f..J.,POLLARD, .Qe+linger OSCAR H. KLAN, FIi. \ ..S351 b"r"faRE .ol, S ,' ,YOUNG A BAILEY,
".. Correspondence Solicited. OSNII,T::IMPSII.lIIPI t t.Q,N.Y*, Pioneers--li.of- -drape- .' Culture. -In South'O Florida"7l,*. .



H t.

"'",-- ... .,- ..... ; .... .... ",' "

:J .

t 1 .: +:. :Y" THE FLORIDA OJSPAQCH, .FARMER, AND FRUIT-GROWER. -. ,59f .' .. .

0' .

I the Clyde Steamship Co. SAVANNAH LINE

;,, f Time 53 to 55 hours between Savannah, New York and Phila-

delphia, and between Boston and Savannah 65 to 70 hours.OcearTSieamship .
r. .. -

...... ... .- :. .'

I : ::1A Company.

'Central or 90 Meridian Time
'.. Pu.H.sa&'c, BatcH : .

:: A.k';' e ...cr.n MCKM.nvi.le;. and New York: Ut class, rs.60;Intermedlseid.: u; xonrsion>l&BO{ )
ii .*TT TTt Steerage,'l2.fO.
Jacksonville and Boston:Cabin$27.00: Intermediate 121.00; Excnrslon.r7.30; Steerage-,14-Z
,THE Magnificent Steamships ox this Company are appointed to sail as follows:


[Central or 90o Meridian Time.]
t Hew York Charleston and Florida Lines. CITY OF AUGUSTA.Capt. Catharine..Friday, Jan.. 2- 10.00" m
TALLAHASSEE Capt. Fisher*..__..._ ??..........Saturday, MKempton 3- 11.00aml.oo .
I KANSAS CITY Capt. ............. ....._ ..-.. .....Monday, 5- p m
: CHATTAHOOCI1EE.: Capt. ..Wednesday, 73.00p m
The magnificent Steamships of this Line are appointed NACOOOHE Capt. Smith .} ..... Friday, 94.00 am
,CITY OF BItulINGH.AM.Capt.Bun...... .... .. ...............8aUirday; .. 10OOpm
; to tail M: fellowis ; CITY OF AUGUSTA ,",apt.Catharine.......... ...:..............Monday .. 1J- 7.00p m
(VAJTAAJU TXXX.w .) I TALLAHA88EBCapt. Fisher.........-.:..... .......??....Wednesday, 14- 0.00p m
".' Tork, Fr m Jacksonville, KANSAS CITYt-l apt. Kempton. .......... ..... ...... ............ .Friday, .. 16- 10.00 m
>=.L L) BTBAMIB! llrlusida. CHATTAHOOUHEE, Capt.; Dag ett. ............ ..._ .........Saturday, 17- 11.00 am
Dcc: 26th, at 8 1'..H....'CIE1tOKEE"..Thursday, Jan. lit, at 8:00 A.K. NACOOCHEE Capt Smith .. ..__..??. ..,?..,.._... Monday. 19- LOOp m
Friday Dee. 29th. at 3 P.'x. .".':SEMINOLE":... Sunday, Jan. 4th, at 10 A. H. CITY OF BIRMINGHAM, Capt. Burg........... ....".;....Wednesday, 2l- 3.00pm6.00am
Monday Wednesday Dec. 81st at8 "IROQUOIS" Tuesday Jan. 6th, at 12 Noon. CITY OF AUGUSTA,Capt Catharine .................. ...........Friday, II 23-
Jan. 2d, at 8 P.P.X.x. ."r A.LGONQUIN" Thursday, Jan. 8th, at 1:30 P.)(. TALLAHASSEE, Capt.Fisher..... ......... .... ...... .......Saturday, u 21- 5.30 p m
Friday ..
Jan. at 8 M."YEMASSEE" Sunday Jan. 11th, at 4:00 A.x. KANSAS :Capt.Kempton .... ..... ...__. ...... Monday 287.00 p m
Monday. : 5tb.. I P."CHEROKEE".. Tuesday, Jan. ISth, at 6:00 A. M. CHATIAH000Ip .Daggett-..........;................Wedne,day, It 288.00 pm;
: Wednesday Jan Jan. 7th.9th,at at 31"P..x. ...SEMINOLE". Thursday. J.n. 15th, at 8:00 A.K. NACOOCHEE Capt. Smith .............._.... .... ....................Friday, 3'- '.00 a m
gi Monday Friday Jan. 12th, at 3 P. M."IROQUOIS" "tday, an 18th, at 11ooA.X.Wedne.a&y CITY OF BIRMINGHAM,Capt.Burg........... .....,_..........SaturdAy, 31- 9v30am
;.Jan. 14th, at 3 P.H.,.".ALGcNQUIN. ay an. mt.h. at 12 Noon. FOR BOSTON. '. -
Friday Jan. 16th, at 8 P.M, ....YEMASSEE.':. Thursday, Jan. 22d, at 1:80 1". K. GATE CITY Capt. Doane. ........... ...... ...... .......... ........FrIday Jan. 210.00 a m
Monday Jan, 19th, a\3 P.x.-.CHEROKEE".. punday Jan. 25th. at 4:00A.M. CITY Of SA.'VANNAH, Capt.Go)glns ......... ..... ........ ...Monday, 'I 6- flUOpm
Wedn .Aa7.Jan. :lbt, at8P.x..SE'MINOL&"... Tuesday Jan. 27th. at 6: L. I Friday Jan Zed. at 8 P.x. .."IROQUOIS"....Thursday, JaD. 29th. at 7 A. M. GATE CITY,Capt. Doane. ...-. ..... ............. .... .._Wednesday, 14- ',aaopm
Monday. Jau 26th, at 8 P. M. !"ALAONQI'IN" Sunday, Feb lit, at 9OOA M. CITY OF SAVANNAH, Capt. Googlns...-.............-._.....Sunday, 18- 1180a m
WednesdayJan h..at.8P..YRMA; RE "..Tuesday Feb. 3d, atl1:00A.X.Friday. CITY OF MACON,Capt.Lewis..._......... ........* ........ .....,..ThuriKlay: 23- 3.90pm
30th, at 3 P.M. ...CHRROREE; .. Thursday Feb. 5th, at 12 Noon. GATE CITY, Capt.Doane..._..*_.._............ .. ...... ?..Monday, 29- 630p m
eNew. CITY OF SAVANNAH Capt. Googlns...... .... _...... .. ....Friday, .. &>- 9.00 am -

St. Johns River Line. (This Ship: does NOT Carry Passengers.) _

DESSOUG,Capt. Asking ...............-... .........._...... _...Monday. Jan. 512.30 pm
DESSOUG/Capt.Asklns..........?_ .... ......... ..............Thursday, M 15- 30pm
:--.1. : rSc *:ot DESSOUG;Capt.Aak1n8..... .... ___ .........._ ...... ...Sunday, 25- 5.30p m
Fir Sanford Enterprise and Intermediate Points on the St.
Johns 'River.
Connecting with the Savannah, Florida and Western Railway (Waycross Short Line)offer
#'* y to the Traveling Public and Shippers advantages equalled by no other line
The Elegant Iron Side-Wheel Steamers Through Tickets and Bills of Lading. Issued to principal points:North, East.and Northwest
::6 OIF ;r..A.OESOVJLL.E. : : via Savannah. For Information and rooms apply to
CITY: J..P. BECKWITH, General Agent H. R. CHRISTIAN Soliciting Agent
;. :. ." )"H ; Capt. W. -A. SHAW : 71 West Bay Street Jacksonville. 71 West Bay Street.Jarkionyille.
R. L.WALKER,Agent, C. G. ANDERSON,,Agent
PRE1'K' : :IEBAR'Y', New. Pier No.85 North River New York. City Exchange Building< Savannah,Of.
BICHARDSON'A BARNARD Agents Lewis' Wharf Boston.
Capt. T. W. LUND, Jr.Are W. L. JAMES. Agent.13 S.Third Street,Philadelphia.J .
appointed to sail from Jacksonville' ,dally except Saturday, at 3:30p. m.. ,and from ''D. HA8HAGEN J Eastern Agent 8v.. Fla.A Western Ry.Co.,261 Broadway.N.Y.
G. M. SORREL Gen.Manager. W.E ARNOLD Gen.Trav Agt,Jacksonville.Fla.
I' Sanford,dally:except: Sunday,at 9 a.m. For Tickets apply to S F.A W. Railway office. .
,,' -
.Bead Down. Read Up. .. ..
Leave 330r. X............ ...'u .. ...Jacksonville '" ...,;..........,....Arrive 11:45 P. M. '
44 8.fOP. M,...................,...,.....Pal-Uca .. ...... .....,.......Leave 7:00 p. x. : : : : .4k. :EJCCFl..8..
4 ,* 1:30A.M........... .....'.....H.,....Atnr...('.'..'.-!;..........s rj...... 2:00E x.
2:4,5 A. M...................::....... St. Francis ...... ......:.::........ 12:45 P. M. WHOLESALE ,
I u 6ooAo )(.......:.....:...::.........:Beresford ...........:;.;..:.:-...... l1:45x..
44 6:00AoH......................k. Blue Springs _................... 11:00A. M Grain Garden Seeds and Fertilizers
Arrive 8OOA.x...,..................... ..Sanford. ....:.............. 9OOA. M. .
.. 9:15A..x. ... .............. .... .Enterprise '. "'............ 9:30A. M.' ,
Also Steamer EVERGLADE (freight only) from Jacksonville for Astor Mondays t Wednesdays 20 DEBT BAY STREET, JACKSONVILLE.
and Fridays at 6 p.M. Returning; leave Astor Tuesdays, Thursdays'and ,Saturdays FLA.
at 10,A.)[. -
'General Passenger and Ticket Office, 88:West Bay Street., .

F. M. IRONMeNUER., Fla. Pass Agent,',88:West.Bay St..Jacksonville, Fla Hay, Gorn-0ats, Flour, BranWheat, Grits, Meal,.
W. F, OO FN FAY.Traveling Passenger Agent 88 West Bay St.,Jacksonville, Fla.

JT. O. PELOT, Frt. AgL,on wharf, foot'H_ ogan St.,Jacksonville,Fla.JOHI .- './,. COTTON SEED MEAL, Both Bright and Dark. : .
\ L. HOWARD, Fla. Frt. Agent, foot.Laura 8L.,Jacksonville, Fla.
J. A* JLESLIE. Supt., toot Laura St..Jackson' .JI'la.' STATE AGENT FOB PURE GROUND BONF

MARSHAL B. ()CfjTBE Asst.Trams"Manager.6'Bow gGreen..NeWYork.. J; E. Tygert A Co.'s ,
THEe. G. EGEH Traffic Manager, 6 Bowllng'Green.N.Y. NITRATE SODA,

WML P. CLYDE & CO. Gen'l Agents, :- Star Brand Fertilizers
3F It Somtfe'Wkorves, Philadelphia. 5 Bowling Green, H. T. GUARANTEED. ..( T8IS. ,
Comprising ..
Tree and Ve stables SULPHATE POTASH,
Williams & Clark Fertilizer.to
These Fertilizers have no superior In the market and a trial will convince.:


Branch Office, No. 729 Reynolds St., Auonsta l ;; Ga CATALOGUE, .

with practical hints to beglr?.en,Is worth sending for. It contains valuable Information to.
t' C. D. DUNCAN, .:Florida Salesman. all. with 0 a Hit of all the choicest varieties of the citrus family grown. Peaebea,
pt. Pears, Plums. Apricots, Persimmons, Grapes and other fruit adapted to the
I .: : .'. climate of Florida. Our stock Is grown on high pine land,and Is one of the tfnert aad largest .
Americus Orange Tree Fertilizer 'a the State. IT IS OBOWN TO SELL. IF ANY ONE CAN SUIT YOU WE CAN.
EyeryouA should have our catalogue. Free on application. Jut. send_your_ name for emtj
4 Americus Orange Tree,. No. ..2,' ft. w. PIF.HCK. Indian Rpriu s. -. s''nunty. ,

.' Americus Ammoniated :Bone Sup erphos_ hate, .: ,OB &&NCJES --- -------- LEMONS-,

.- "Americus Pure. 'Bone Meal Americus Bone' :Potasfi TMGO, IBSEE1

.' :. Americus Strawberry! ..Fertilizer, PBAOHES.PJEABB. TIOPICAL AD 8V1'OOI'Ic.u. I AVOCADO GUAVA8 FKAM, ,

Americus Suluhate. of Potash r Larplfetk!, O.$. t.liii.1 's it'e lImIgl. .AH O AS,

-; Florida Vegetable t Fertilizer.kgriMumoj OA1ZrTTAL ,- I Liberal Beal/agl : tf08B8.CALADIUMS NJJI1"M'. ,

,_ 1.,4. AND .
.* t u C. F.'W'lB- Fla.'By..: .. H.Knight, Bellsvisw. ,Fla.; M. E. PERSIMMONS ,Prop'r, CACTI "
.Wises... 01<<&eel:Fte.;'M. P.Godn-v WILLIAMS;Mlnneala, ...- -- HUT TRXKB,. XTO: I tiffier, HUIsbirctfh ,Cfliwty. Florida. AXBOO8,ETO,BT<<
.. .Address.... all corrMpondecee to A CLARK )" RTILlZ m Ce.ri .,.. .
Augusta, ..... LIM2+: 1. |B.nd for Oalatofti PA.LMS.JANUARY'1b1$91t .

../ '-'. t. .. ,' '


x 1 s

,, ,f '4 y -3


i "' ,

\ ,.; ( : '
v ; :x 4 I
y "


: :; : :: :
.: .
,"'V'.' 'i:; : ,

r'; Blood; and Bone Dark and Bright Cotton Seed !Meal,....

:. : : '; Pure Fine Ground Bone, Linseed Meal, : '"

Animal Bone and Potash Stems
Tobacco .: ',

Blood, Bone and Potash, Canada Hard-wood. Ashes, : -, "

,.' Chicano Bone Meal, Sulphate of Potash, &0,

Orange Tree Food, :Bearing: : : ; Tiroes. .

;", Orange Tree Food., 'Yoimg Tree.

**. -VKe"ta' J.e and: ':Potato Grower. .

g: IGKEO. WILSON: Gen'l Ao-t., 32. W. Bav St., Jacksonville Fla.

.... ,


-Manufactured by the-
,. ;M- r Milwaukee-Florida Orange Company. -(.. B. Darling Fertilizer Company, Pawtucket, R. I*

,.:,. B strains ot Distinctive.Vartet e.ot Cttrua Fruit Trees a eclalty. Our stock Southern Offices and Warehouse, JACKSONVILLE, FLA.
.:- v/ large and complete. Prompt attention to correspondence. For catalogue and price II W. H. MACOMBlvR, General Sales Agent Bostwlck Building
address A. L. DUNCAN. Manager Dunedin. FIt"J Our Fertilisers have given Universal Satisfaction the past season. Bend fur Catalogue,
l 1 giving prices;and testimonials from some of the leading.. ..- growers.
----- -

1891 Home Grown Honest Reliable.
JOHNSON : I offer you my Vegetable and Flower Seed Catalogue for
M/JI.iD; J to aU who write for!It. 1891 FREE., Note the immense variety of seed it contains j I
,and that all the best novelties are there. Not ;1
__ CHOICE NOVELTIES & !fable much mere.show about it(you don't plant pictures) ,
BULBS FOR SUMMER" FLOWsVtS. 'IV SEEDS but engravings from photographs of scores of the
NEWEST OA.RPEN,TOOLS A POULTRY SUPPLIES.* Flower' choice vegetables -have introduced. Would it not
> JOH5S05 A 8'lOXES,217 219 JUrket Street, PHILADELPHIA, PJL TALOG be well to get the seed of these from first hands? To be the
N oldest firm in the United States making mail and express
business a specialty? prares reliability Honest and non-
-! ,- orable dealing is the only foundation this can rest on. My Catalogue
'. CO'S 'FOR is FREE as usual. A matter on second page of cover will
TROESSE SPRINGPLANTING. 1891. interest my.customers. J.J. H.6AE60RY,& SON,BarWehead. Mass.
EbS I -.'.L.."

",' ,. If you plant Roses, Hardy Plants,Bulbs or Seeds,we'would like to send you our NEW GUIDE :HcM: :.:; XNVESWJII1.\lIEJN-r: : ;
14 pages,beautifully illustrated,FREE on application. You will find it interesting and useful.
We offer all the Choicest Novelties and best things in NEW ROSES HARDY PLANTS,BULBS
aed SEEDS,postpaid to your door,satisfaction guaranteed. Our business is one of the largestin and Association 3
:, < the Country and we will be pleased to serve you no difference whether your orders are largeor Building Loan
small., Write to-day for our, New Guide FREE. THE DINGEE A CONARD CO.WEST GROVE,PA. ,


Wormy Fruit and Leaf Blight of APPle Pears Cherries,Plum Cur-
culla revented by spraying with the EXCELSIOR* SPRAY The terms of this Association have never been equalled! In Florida It offers terms that
:: GRAPE and POTATO ROT prevented using EXCELSIOR should euable every man to,Instead of paying' lent to a landlord, have same sum pay for
i>8AP J.LCK SPRAYER t also injurious Insects cn infest same property In a few years It offers best terms to ,
Currants GooseDemesTlMwpbernes and Strawberries.. PERFECT..
-1 Catalogue showing all tojurious Insects to fruits mailed free. Large '
i' Write for, particulars,to the above named Association "*!*; *:-
stock of.PunTrees,Vines and Berry Plants at Bottom Prices Jt {.
Address,WM.STAHL. Q1 iaOJ''IWaob.11111 ; I 5' Everett Block, Jacksonville, Fla.' '


:. Large''nuts for seed. Also, pecan trees .
ready for the grove

I .- : : OFFER Large Paper-shell Pecans'ny
f : in August September :
: Ft; A'N'O':8"
Pecan 'nuts $1 Pr pound one-year-old
C' : October and W when p ;
? Trade Mark. crop are'sold. Spot Cash trees|1 each.. i.. .
Prices. The Lowest known., W.R.8TUABT.
," '_: UNEQUALLED IN HOLLIS' CANNED MEAT FOR POULTRY Just a little cash down balance. 12-:5-2t -**t,=-1 7 Ocean Springs. ,Miss.AM'SDENt. .
." f December16th. No Interest.
,; Will Make:Hens Lay! Oar entire stock-anymakezaioeoritrle. -;. .
r; .;.T_Toooh,Wrkmanh;; p |Durability t Will Make Chickens Grow! r 'BEST made SamI -
mer offer we ever _
BaJUmor, ?,22andtcE&arBalUmoreStreei., : Write for Circular
': "L-New York, U8 Fifth Ave. This. food Is strictly fresh meat,carefullycooked ALE SUMMEBaFFER1890
"p.W&6htDCtO 81?.Market Space. ,ground finer seasoned and hermetically !
l lWMte
; sealed In 8-lb cans. :Being"ground fine It 1890 LUDDEN & BATES,
: DEAFNESS, can be readily mixed with soft food and fed SAVANNAH.,CA.SCHOOL.
'. so as to give each fowl an equal'share.: Price '" ..J.,. :.
:M' 80 cta per can; $3 per doz. Address HOLLIS ,

'w< '. 8eIoe 1tl-o.Uy! .'tre i8fbi.-au aori.t'of worldwide ,Mass. Mention.paper.l f A +;
reputation Deafness eradicated'and '
,' eat rely cured of from 20 to aj years'standing,' i
have foiled.' ',How : : BREEDER OF f
after all other treatments *,
active duties of life
for the
,: is reached and,th*, cause reMeved -, Fitting& young men
': chartered by the Legislature of Virginia,,and atld&I1 and Silver
In with af- Wyandotte'Plymouth ;
,full v explained otrenlars ,
r endorsed by the;Chamber of Commerce,Council, ,
.;.smwrtta Red,twUmoolais.of onr s from_prom! : of where located.
r and prominent citizens the city J
free. : Rocks S.: 0.
galled '
Leghorn .
testimonials address
t.'NtY' For catalogue*circular and ,; *
.r.'A PONTANE,14. -. J.CDUK3MORE; ,President,Stannton,,Va. i ,. <
... and ,Pekifl.: Daoks.
: mf211INCUBATOR"ImPJt Eggs_ from choice selected stock at all times. ''
J : Choice Fowl at reasonable prices.
'rA The Three-DoUar Bone and Shell Mill and *
!Perfect in and voooeMrol:Self-Re operation.*wlat. Poultry Clover' Cutter. Prairie state ,Incubators
( Y'A ; teed to hatch* than and.Brooders. Circulars free.
_. J. 1" eggs at Loa coat E. W. AM8DEN, Onno d.Fl*.
pamphlet of information and ab- Semi 8e.' p'ia IES. <{HRNESS Ar: sE.Gt.lt'i'J'1CE t' atract Obtain ot Pateotsv the laws,fhowlng Caveats,How :, CEO.H.STAHL.. ,- QUINCY., L.J .

.-. .m-.F.CToay.; : .w.%ftP....._'. 1Hnss 361 TOftTcs BiwatfwiWrT ,. ; '' J EVAPORATOR ThllI'FR I '

.... k. FRUIT
.aMi JIaIiI II,...ls. I I
.' 'THE ZIMMERMAN to eftfYm D.youBtf, aiM! .
; *, u..t(BUO Y,ANt>'.o AJTP,ce.." f T*St4v4 MMlitMb E sad old; Ad4re r ,
tl4s.tn U,.Oteto. nrE1Y" rrr- .) t,381Co SkI. ftee..x..u.l .

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